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Wapello County, Iowa, 


Representative Citizens. 


Capt. S. B. Eva>s. 

"History is Philosophy Teaehinn by Examples. 
1813 1900. 

piui-isiiED nv 


George KitiiMONn, Fres,; S. Harmkr Secy; C. K. Arnoi.ii, Treas. 

Chicago, Ili tmhs. 






CHK aim of the publishers of this volume has been to secure for the historic portion 
thereof full and accurate information respectinj^ all subjects therein treated, and to 
present the data thus gathered in a clear and impartial manner. If, as is their hope, 
they have succeeded in this endeavor, the credit is mainly due to the diligent and exhaustive 
research of that we I known pioneer resident of Wapello county, Capt. S. 15 Evans, of 
Ottumwa, whose high character and recognized ability as an editor and author have brought 
him prominently before the people of the Hawkeye State. His patient and conscientious 
labor in the compilation and presentation of facts is shown in the historical port on of this 
volume. This record gives an elaborate description of the land and its aboriginal occupants 
before the opening of the "New Purchase," and a comprehensive account of the organization 
of the county, and of the leading events in the stages of its development from 1843 to the 
present time, as set forth in the table of contents. Certain subjects which Captain Evans 
hoped to introduce have been omitted for lack of requisite data, but all topics and occurrences 
are included which are essential to the usefulness of the history. Although the purpose of 
the author was to limit the narrative to the close of* 1900, he has deemed it proper to touch 
on some matters overlapping that period. For any possible errors that may occur in the 
work, the indulgence of our readers is asked. * 

The reviews of resolute ami strenuous lives, which make up the biographical department 
of the volume, and whose authorship for the most part is entirely independent of that of the 
history, are admirably adapted to foster local ties, to inculcate patriotism and to emphasize 
the rewards of industry, dominated by intelligent purpose. They constitute a most appro- 
priate medium of perpetuating personal annals and will be of incalculable value to the 
descendants of those therein commemorated. They bring into bold relief careers of 
enterprise and thrift and make manifest valid claims to honorable distinction. If " Biography 
is the only true History," it is obviously the duty of men of the present time to preserve in 
this enduring form the story of their lives in order that their posterity may dwell on the 


successful struggles thus recorded, and profit by their example. These sketches, replete with 
stirring incidents and intense experiences, will naturally prove to most of tha' readers of this 
book its most attractive feature. f 

In the aggregate of personal memoirs, thus collated, will be foi>^J a vivid epitome of 
the growth of Wapello county, which will fitly supplement the historic statement; for the 
development of the county is identified with that of the' men and women to whom it is 
attributable. The publishers have endeavored in the preparation of the work to pass over 
no feature of it slightingly, but to give heed to the minutest details, and thus to invest it with 
a substantial accuracy which no other treatment would afford. The result has amply justified 
the cnre thus exercised, for in our belief no more reliable production, under the circumstances, 
could be laid before its readers. 

We have given special prominence to t le portraits of representative citizens, which 
appear throughout this volume, and believe they will prove a most interesting feature of the 
work, \^'e have sought to illustrate the different spheres of industrial and professional 
achievement as conspicuously as possible. Tq those who have kindly interested themselves 
in the successful preparation of this work, and who have voluntarily contributed most useful 
information and data, we herewith tender our grateful acknowledgment. 


Chicago, III., December, 1901. 


All the biographical sketches published in this volume were 
submitted to their respective subjects, or to the subscribers, from 
whom the facts were primarily obtained, for their approval or 
correction before going to press; and a reasonable time was 
allowed in each case for the return of the type-written copifes. 
Most of them were returned to us within the time allotted, or 
before the work was printed, after being corrected or revised; 
and these may therefore be regarded as reasonably accurate. 

A few, however, were not returned to us; and as we have 
no means of knowing whether they contain errors or not, we 
cannot vouch for their accuracy. In justice to our readers, and 
to render this work more valuable for reference purposes, we 
have indicated these uncorrected sketches by a small asterisk (*>. 
placed immediately after the name of the subject. They will 
all be found on the last pages of the book. 


Cable of Contents 

Chaptkr I. 

Brief Sketch of Early Iowa 

Its Territorial and State Organization^ 

t'lIAPri;R II. 

Aboriginal Inhabitants 

Geographical Description of Wapello County— Preparing for Settlement An Indian Agency Established in the 
County — Sketches of General Street and Major Beach Sketch of Wapello, for Whom the County was Named. 

("iiapti:k III. 

Indian Cknsls 

Names of Indians of the Sac and I'"o\ Tribe, as Revealed by the Account Book of J. P. Eddy, the Indian 

Chai'ti-:u I\'. 

Sot TH Ottl'siwa in Early Hays 

Graphic Description of the Indian Country Before the Whites were Permitted to Take (^laims — South Ottumwa 
was at That Time the Scene of a Great Camp Ground. 

Chaptkk v. 

Occupying the Land ^. . 

Description of the County's Physical Features Before the Advent of the Settlers- KecoHections of Old 
Settlers— Extracts from an .Vddress Ma<lo by Judge Hendershotl. 

Chapter VI. 

How THE Pioneers Lived 

Methods of First Settlers in Selecting Claims— The Cabins which were Their Kiide Homes Dietary of the 

Chaptkk \II. 

CoiNTV Organization 

An Instance of Claim Troubles Illustrating how the Pilliculty was Settled Then Followed County Organi- 
zation and Other Evidences of Progress. 



Chaptf-R mil 

County Seat LocATEq (iO 

The Town was First Named Louisville, but Indian Influence Prevailed, and it was Changed to Ottumwa — 
Board of Cominissioners — Business at the First Session o£ the Board — The Town of Ottumwr from the Begin- 
ning — Pen Pictures. 

Ch.xptek IX. 


Otti'mua and Its Institutions (17 

Public Schools and Churches — Fraternal Societies— Railroads of the County — Newspapers of the County — .\ 
Cilance at Manufacturing^ Interests — The Carnegie Library. 

Ch.aptfr X. 

Ottumwa and Its Municipal Okfkkrs iS 

Official Kostsr of the City of Ottumwa — Namasnf ths niffareni Persons Who have Held Elective and .Vppoint- 
ive Offices— The Postmasters of Ottumwa. 

Chapter XI. 

Ottumwa Water Works and Water Power 'SS 

Origin and Development of Water Power and Water Works — Concise Statement Relating to the Enterprise. 

Chapter XII. 

TiiK CoAi. Palace Period it-") 

The C.reat Coal Palace .advertising Ottumwa as the Center of a Vast Coal Region — V'isited by the President 
and Other Di.stingui.shed Men of the Republic — Its Success Financially and Otherwise — List of Shareholders. 

Chapter XIII. 

Roster of C"ountv Officials and Census liU 

Names of Different Persons who Have Held Oflice in the County From the Beginning until the Year I'.IO] — 
Population of ihe Cnunlv bv Townships, and .\lso by Towns. 

Chapter XI\'. 

Tin- Hris('oe Cioi.d Fever 11- 

.Mleged Discovery of Clold on Bear Creek-The Mania of Speculation that Ensued— Land Worth but SU> 
Per Acre Sold for S->(H) Per .\cre. 

Chapter X\'. 

Keli.evs .\kmv and His Fleet of I-" Boats Ill 

Wapello County Invaded by a Horde of Organized Tramps, who Came on Flat Boats Down the Des Moines 

Chapter X\'I. 

Improvement of the Des Mchnks I<i\hk 1 1'i 

.\n Historical Sketch — The N'arious Vicissitudes of the Proposed Enterprise — of its Failure. 

Chapter X\II, 

Bench and I^ar l"i'.» 

Early Members of the Wapello County Bar— Sketches of Eminent Lawyers and Jurists— Something .-\bout 
the Present Members of the Bar. 


Chapter XVIII. 

The Medical Profession 1;j:( 

Diseases and Remedies of the Early Teriod rrimitive Doctors and Their Practices— The Profession as it is 


\ Ch.\i>tkk XIX. 

The Towns of the County i:{.", 

Sketches of Eldon, .Vgency City, l';ddyville. Kirkville. l>:ihlonega, Chillicothe and Ulakesburg. 

('n.\l'ri;K X.\. 

Notable Events I.-, I 

Important Events, Worthy of Kecord, Chronicled— Laying of the Corner Stone of the Carnegie Library Build- 
ing- liecord of the Deaths of Prominent Citizen.^ of the County -Destructive Eires— Notable Crimes and * 
Their Punishment. 

Ch,m'tkk XXI. 

War Kecorii Hill 

Civil War — Spanisli-.Vmerican War. 

Last Will ano Testament of P. C.. Hallimiali I'.i'i 

Biographical I'.»T 





AbeK-;, Walter IIHI 

Aliernatliv. J. M ."):!!» 

Alii-rnathv, M. H IS(i 

Abraham,' Nils :!(l!l 

Acton. J. J IS.'i 

Ainlev, Joseph 211 

Allbaiigh. \V. M • (il 7 

Allen, C. K "i.')! 

Allen. K. G (iii!) 

.Vpplegren, Gus '■HiS 

.\reinj<<lale. Arlliiir IS4 

.\rmstrong. 1'. K (il!) 

.\rtiistrong, W. H 2S(i 

.Anderson. J. I' '>''.) 

Arnold. Mrs. Mary (i:!t 

Arrison. N. L 'iiV.t 

Asbury. \V. H. H -.'(i^ 

Bailev. G. I I'.IS 

Haker. H. T 114 

Haker. 1. K :tl:! 

]ial<er. L. I) .")!):! 

Baker. Dr. L. J |-,'4 

Bannister. Col. Dwi^ht ■l-iT 

Bannister. Dr. M :i<.)-> 

Bare. J. V .">l(i 

Barnes. Stephen 477 

Beagle. J. F 47!) 

Beck. \V. K ■>(■>] 

Bell. A. W .■>.->:! 

Bennett. (". P .Vi.'i 

Betterton. Kdward <).i4 

Bizer. J. F .")S1 

liolibauijh. Milan .")4.S 

Bonnitield. \V. B •,'().'. 

Bosworth. r. A :!l):i 

Bolide. C. K -'SO 

Bowman. J. B I'>li 

Bos. Dr. J. C Vr.i 

Bremhorst, Otto 'I't'i 

Brown. B. B 4-,'l 

Brown. C. V i>> 

Brown. Hugh :11H 


Brown. \V. .\ .")88 

Brown. W. A. I" (>4!» 

Buclianan. A. W i'lH 

Buchanan. W. A 447 

Bullock. F. J :«)! 

Burbage. James ;14.") 

Burton. Mrs. Elizabeth J 'Mi 

Burton. S. H 102 

Caldwell, Paris "i Hi 

Campbell, J. A 'i!)!". 

Carman, J. B I>:!7 

Carpenter, [.. M (i4.S 

Carr. Alfred <i-,i:! 

Carr. S. B :i24 

Chisman. B. K .Vtl 

Cline, F. N :i7(l 

Clovd, Mrs. Wealthy .")IMi 

Col.ler. David ' :i4:i 

Cohagan. S. I .">l)4 

Coleman. Ale.\ander 4('S 

Cornell. Seneca 280 

Cotton). Albert 4:f7 

Creath. Geo. W t!2!) 

Cremer. Mrs. Rebecca J (>20 

Crisman. L. T .")!KI 

Cullen. S. C. & Company 2H1 

Cummings. W. W .'{."il 

(Daggett. Mrs. Susan li 207 

Daggett. W. K 288 

Dailey. J. H fMil 

Daniels. John fi08 

Davis. G. D 4.">:i 

Davis. Dr. Morris L-. Mi 

Davis. William I.')(i 

Davis, W. Z lil!) 

Dean. E. I <>27 

Decker. .\dam ■">2.'l 

De Long. W. W ■>47 

Dennv. William ">12 

Dennis. J. B •"(88 

Devin Familv. The '<*>'> 


Dible. John ."i.i!) 

Dickin.s. G. W 4!)7 

Dickins. Scott M 473 

Dimmitt. Beniah .")7.") 

Dimmitt. Lincoln .V.H) 

Dimmitt. Samuel 44!) 

Dimmitt. W. H lil 7 

Dixson. H. G (Ml 

Donelan. W. J 4(i.'( 

Dudgeon. Lafayette ."il."> 

Dudgeon, S. B' 4(!2 

Dysart. J. K :!4(i 

Earhart. George 4.'i1 

Eastburn. B. M :I08 

Eaton. Daniel .'171 

Edwards. John (iOI 

Elder. J. M IX!) 

Emerv . D. H 282 

Enoch. A. W 420 

Erskine. A.J (i."ii) 

Evans. D. T .Vi.l 

Evans, Capt. S. B 24:i 

Fais. Gar\ais 0. "i4."i 

Fecht. Emil ;i40 

Ferree. J. D :!:!4 

Fetzer. W. H (KN) 

F'ink. Fred J (il8 

Fish. J. M .Ml 

Flint. I. T Viil 

Ford. C. E XV.I 

Foster. T. I) I!)7 

Francis. I'eter 'ti"! 

Friend. G. W :t20 

F'ritz. Henry .">0!l 

Fullen. C. I) "Ki.'l 

Gardner. A. J 'tM 

(iardner. Mrs. Jane -'nl 

Garner. J. W 21NI 

Gibbons. T. E. 2i:t 

(;ift. William V.H 



Godlev. L. M 37.") 

Goff. George W ()38 

Gosney, L. S (S40 

Goudv. G. T .">8-l 

Gray, J. D 381 

Green, J. R ;!04 

Green, W. H (i.").') 

Guggerty, Lawrence 474 

Hack-worth, J. T 2:il 

Hale, Shelton 'A\)ii 

Hall. W. T :!23 

Haiiierslev. T. | ii.")3 

Hamilton,' .\. II 240 

Hammond. 1. H 375 

Hanawalt, Mrs. Caroline .ill 

Hanna. Mrs. E, M (>47 

Hanshaw. 1. M (i:i:i 

Hardsocg, Martin 3(i!) 

Harrow, .\. G 407 

Harper. S. H 217 

Harper, W. T., Jr 2!)3 

Harsch, E, G 4S( 

Harshman, Eli ( 

Hatch, G, W 31 

Haw, Christopher 

Haw . George 2."><i 

Heindel, G. F 3S7 

Heifer. J. W .317 

Helman, ]. B (ill 

Henrv, Dr, C. A 401 

Herman, M. G 400 

Hicks, .\. J.. Jr .)78 

Hill. J, F .")S2 

Hills. Levi 212 

Hirst. William .")S3 

HodsoD. Keiiben (il2 

Hol/hauser, A. \V 37.") 

Howell, C. A .570 

Hull, J. E 274 

Humbert. H. C .>2i) 

Hunt. W. E 1!)!) 

Hutchison, Capt. 1. G 240 

Hutchison, M. B.". 41(i 

Israel, 11. 1 537 

Israel. M. C .532 

Israel, K. T .52(i 

Ives, H. D 3<)3 

Jewett, Joseph (i2(> 

Jannev. G. C (i.58 

Jaques, W, H. C 2.57 

Johnson, A, E 5(i(i 

John.son, A, W 388 

Johnson, Elijah .500 

Johnston, .\llen 2(57 

Kcrfoot. J. F .378 

King. W. 1 3.58 

Kitterman. G. W 403 

Kitterman. Samuel (i4() 

Knight. Z. T (ill 

Knox, Dr, E, M (i(Mi 

Knox, J. F (i(!2 

Kriegh, J, S 57() 

Krueger, C. F 53S 

Langford. J. 1 (i33 

Lanz. \V. | 4(i(i 

Lee. A. \V 238 

Leighton. \. C 233 

Leighton. Henrv 51() 

Lewis, Mrs, E. H V,V.\ 

Long, Albert .587 

Lore, Levi 5.51 

Lottridge. G. D .'Wo 

MacMillan, John . , 225 

Macov, H, N 44.3 

Mader, A. J 3.50 

Manchester, J . C 255 

Mann, Mark 400 

Manning, Calvin 331 

McCarroil, C. T 2llO 

McCarroll, J. B .3(i(; 

McCoUough, Samuel (i57 

McCormick, J. E .325 

McCov, Mrs. Sarah \V .312 

McDowell. J. H (105 

McElrov, E. E 3S2 

McElrov, J. M 051 

McElroy, Rev. J. M 2!)4 

Mclntire, Frank 3.S0 i 

Mclntire. W, A 223 I 

McShane, James 4.50 

Melcher. A. W 485 

Metzger. Frederick ()53 

Miller. \V. H 307 

Mitchell. J. C 237 

Montague. Henry 41(i 

Moore, E. W (i((7 ! 

Morev, D. F , . (U)4 

Morrell, J. H 273 

Mowrey, J. B 413 

Murray, John .58!) 

Murrav, Mrs, Catherine (145 

Myers,' C. M 2SS 

Myers, Samuel J (i02 

Neil, W, I (i()5 

Nelson, \V. K 444 

Newell. David 570 

Newell. T. J .5(i5 

Nosier, James 302 

Nye, G, L 377 

O'Brien, Moses 007 

OBryant, John (>40 

Ockert, L. A 401 

Ogden, B. F .5(i3 

Oldham. K. | (i42 

Ostdiek. H. B 232 

Palmer, C. C (i()(i 

Parker, Mrs. Pherrvba 4!)(l 


Parks. John .5.S3 

Parr. J, E (idS 

Peck, H. E 310 

Pelham. \V. S .551 

Phelps, A. B : 370 

Phillips, Henry .385 

Phillips, J. S 510 

Phillips. T. J .301 

Picken. Mrs. Eliza B (ilO 

Porter. Robert 357 

Powelson. Leander 5SS 

Proctor, Joseph 33.3 

Purarov, Mrs. Emma J 30(1 

Prosser, C. H 450 

Pumroy, Levi 22(> 

Kandel, EL 2(iO 

Ream, Jacob (i5(> 

Reece, \V. M 218 

Reeve, William 318 

Renfew, Mrs, Mary Ann 577 

Reno. Norman 517 

Riggs. A. W (UK) 

HiSgs. I. S 325 

Robertson, Jas. F 478 

Robertson, G. D 4.55 

Roemer, G, A 230 

Ruffmg, Joseph .500 

Ryerson. George (i2.3 

Sackett, D, M 48^ 

Sauer, George 4<'7 

Sautbine. David 178 

Sawyers. Dr. S. H (>.3ti 

Schlagater. Dominick 4i4 

Schmidt, Bernard 47.3 

Schmidt, Garry 37() 

Schmidt, Henr\ 207 

Schmidt. J. B.'. .387 

Schwartz, John 402 

Schwarz, Michael 3.50 

Scott, J. W (i('>8 

Sharp, C, M. D 027 

Shawver, S. A .540 

Shuraaker, William 27.3 

Simmons, F. W 433 

Simmons. Rev. J . T 434 

Skinner. Frank 445 

Smith, C. L 024 

Snow. Heman 430 

Spangler. Lewis 030 

Spilman. J. H. R 537 

Springer, C, V 030 

Steck, A. C 040 

Stevens, Dr. A. V 202 

Stevens, Frank 448 

Stevens, J , F 454 

Stevens, L, E 234 

Stewart, E. P 525 

Stodghill. Thomas .500 

Streicher, Xaver 4tiS 

Strickland, M, W 310 



Stuber. ('. II 557 

Styre, S. S 224 

The Swift-Campbell Brick Co VM 

Theunisson. John liDS 

Thomas. H. F 471 

Thornburg. T. M (i:i5 

Thornton, C. W .•{44 

Timonds. James (i44 

Tinsley. A. V 577 

Traul, Thomas 410 

Trisler. lolin 22(1 

Trout. I-i. I. 51S 

Idell. C. N.. M. D .-)(MI 

ITmer, Morris (YM\ 

Vance. K, H.. M. D I 111 

Vance, Dr. .W. 
Vanfossan. W. 
Vass. John C. 
Von Schrader, 


W 5!l!l 

I' 425 


Frank 4:t2 

Walsh. C. .'K :t<):j 

Waugaman. W. A 55H 

Ward. Patrick I l(i 

Warner. Sylvester |S:! 

Warren, A. J ."iliil 

Warren. W. J (!25 

Waterman. H. 1 Hi) 

Webber. I.. A ."i(>4 

Wellman. J. F :t<.l7 

Wellman. Mrs. Minerva 541 

Wertz, H. J (i45 

White. J. M 447 

Whitcomb. Frank (i52 


Williams. Dr. \. O ,'M!) 

Williams, J. H 201 

Williams. K. .M (UHI 

Williams. W. F 5o:t 

Wilson. (;. .\ (i^7 

Wilson, Ira 5;>) 

Wilson. Dr. J. H 2.Vj 

Wilson. J. M 5|,s 

Wilson. I'. S (154 

Withall, George •«»] 

Wood, J , S 2<),s 

Work. W. A 211 

WvcoH, J, C (i5:t 

WycofT, W. H .Tfl» 

Wyman, W. (" ii.",(i 

Voung. .\braham. . 




Acton. J. J 482 I 

Anderson. J. P 278 

Baker, L. D 502 

Bannrster. Col. Dwight ."ilili 

Barnes. Stephen 47(> 

Beck, W. K .* 2ti(l 

Bennett, C. P 5:i4 

Bizer. J. F.;; 580 

Bonniheld, W, B 204 

Bullock, F. I :ilM) 

Carnegie Library Building 77 , 

Carr. Alfred (i22 

Crisman. L. T 5i(2 

Cobler. David :M2 

Cottom. .\lbert 4:N) 

County I'oor Farm, south and north 

view 105 

Decker. tUzibeth, Cora K.. and 

W. JV. 521 

Decker. Mr. and Mrs. .\dam 520 

Dickins. G. W 4!)4 

Dickins. Mrs. Martha K 4!)5 

Dimmitt. Heniah 574 

Dimmitt. Mrs. W. H (i15 

Dimmitt. W. H (il4 ; 

Donelan. W. J 4<i4 

Dudgeon. Lafayette 514 

Farhart. George 428 

?:arhart. Mrs. Emma M 42!» 

Elder. J. M 4.'<S 


Evans, Capt, S. B 242 

First Hewed Log House in Wa- 
pello County 47 

Foster. Thomas II 1 !M> 

Group picture of Maj. Beach. Gen. 

Street and .Agency Bldg Hi 

Hackworth. James T.' 22M 

Hackworth. Residence of James T. 22'.l 

Hall. W. T :!22 

Hammond. I. H :i74 

Hanshaw. S. M (i:!2 

Hardsocg. Martin :{(iK 

Harper. S. H 2Ui 

Harrow. A. G UK! 

Haw. Christopher 2S4 

Heifer. J. W :!lli 

H umburt. H. C 52.S 

HutchLson. J. G 2I.S 

Johnson. Elijah 5()K 

Johnston. Allen 2(1(1 

Long, Mr. and Mrs. Albert and 

Family 5.S(i 

Lollridge, G, D 1154 

Macoy, H. X 442 

Manchester. J. C 2.54 

Manning. Calvin .'^ill 

Manning. Edwin .'128 

McDowell. Mr. and Mrs. J. H. and 

Familv . (iOI 

Mclnlire. W". \. . . ... 222 

Miller. Mrs. Eady ( .■{(HJ 

Miller. W. H .-KO 

Mitchell. J. C 2:!(> 

Mowrey. J. B 112 

(Jttnmwa Coal Palace '.14 

Ockert. l-ee .\ .|ini 

Pelham. Mr. and Mrs. William... .550 

Phillips. Henry :W4 

Phillips. T. J :ilH» 

Prosser. C. H 45S 

Shumaker. William. .'72 

Stiiber. Mr. and Mra. i^'. 1^ and 

Family .5.50 

Thomas Family Group. . . I To 

Vance. Dr. W. W. . Ml>s 

Wapello County Court House 


Wapello County Scenery. The 

Phantom Lady 147 

Wapello County Scener\- 144 

Warren. Mr. and Mrs. A. J .1<W 

Waterman. Hon. H. 1 418 

Wellman. J. S 540 

Williams. Dr. A. O :H8 

William.s. W. E .502 

Withall. George 21io 

1 Work. W. A 210 

Ristory of (Uapello County 



Its Thkkitdkial and State Okganuatioxs. 

W'liat is now known as tlie State of Iowa 
became a part of the United States in 1S03. In 
1804 it was included in wliat was known as the 
district of Louisiana. March 3, 1805, it was or- 
ganized as a part of the Territory of Louisiana. 
In ]8iJ it was includeil in ilie jurisdiction of 
the Territory of ^lissouri, and in 1834 it be- 
came a part of tlie Territc:)ry oi ]\Iichigan. In 
1836 it was incUided in the Territory of Wis- 
consin. In 1838 it was organized as the Ter- 
ritory of Iowa, and was athiiittcd into tlie 
Union as a State in December, 1846. The 
first legislative body that ever .sat in the pres- 
ent limits of the State of Iowa was the Ter- 
ritorial legislature, which was composed of a 
few men and which was convened in a little 
room in an old frame building, gone years ago, 
situated on Front street, Burlington, in the 
winter of 1838. Robert Lucas, a former gov- 
ernor of Oiiio, was appointed by President 
Van Buren to be governor of the Territory of 

Iowa. Governor Lucas was disposed to wield 
the large veto power he possessed with the 
sway of an autocrat and a stormy session was 
the result. The great wrangle arose over the 
location of the capital of the Territory. Both 
Burlington and .Mount Pleasant, in the south- 
ern part of the Black Hawk purchase, wanted 
it, while their opponents favored a central lo- 
! cation. The central party won. Three com- 
: missioners were appointed to select the site of 
the seat of government within the limits of 
Johnson count}-. They decided on a jilace. #nd 
laid out a square mile, which they called Iowa 
City, and there the capital was located. The 
eighth and last Territorial legislature was held 
there in 1843-44. In February, 1844, the leg- 
j islature adopted an act. submitting to the peo- 
ple of the Territory the i)roi)osition to form ? 
state constitution and to apply for admission 
to the L'nion. The mea.sure carried, and the 
convention met at Iowa Citv in October, and 



on tlie first day of the following November fin- 
ished its work and reported a State constitu- 
tion and State boundaries. The latter did not 
meet with favor. The line between this State 
and Missouri lay 30 miles north of its pres- 
ent hjcation, and the western line stopped far 
short of the Missouri River. By a small ma- 
jority, the people rejected the lines. May 4, 
1846, anotlier convention assembled and an- 
other constitution, prescribing the present 
State boundaries, was drafted. The people 
adopted it, Congress adopted it, and Iowa was 
admitted as a State, December 28, 1846. 

On the 15th of January, 1855, a bill relo- 
cating the capital within two miles of the Rac- 
coon fork of the Des Moines River, and for 
the appointment of commissioners, was ap- 

proved bv Governor Grimes. The site was se- 
lected in 1856, the land being donated to the 
State by the citizens and property owners of 
Des Moines. An association erected a build- 
ing for a temporary capitol, and leased it to the 
State at a nominal rent. On the 19th of Oc- 
tober, 1857, Governor Grimes issued a procla- 
mation, declaring the city of Des Moines to be 
the capital of the State of Iowa. The removal 
of the archives was a task of difficulty, as the 
records and safes had to l)e drawn from Iowa 
City to the new capital on sleds, and it was not 
until December, 1857, that the removal was 
completed. On the nth of January, 1858, 
the seventh general assembly convened at the 
new capital. 



Geographical Description of Wapello County — Preparing for Settlement — An Indian 
Agency Established in the County— Sketches of General Street and Major 
Beach — Sketch of Wapello, for Whom the County was Named. 

The annals of Wapello county begin jinip- 
erly with its organization as a civil district, hut 
it will he of ahiding interest, not only to the 
present generation, hut to those who are to 
follow, to ha\-e a written record of the de\-clop- 
nient of civilization, and this will necessitate 
an examination of the circumstances that led 
to the early settlement of the country, and of 
its ahoriginal population. There were no lierce 
wars to determine the possession of the ter- 
ritory: the conquest was in a manner peaceful, 
beginning with the cession of the Louisiana 
Ijrovince b\- Xapoleon, and ending in the dif- 
ferent treaties with the Indians, who had 
actual possession and certain rights that could 
not well be ignored by the American peo]i]e. 
The Indians are unicpie and interesting, with an 
uncertain origin and a past that must he al- 
ways buried in oblivion. A chapter or two of 
this work will he devoted to them as they were 
revealed to the early settlers who came in con- 
tact with them, when they were probably liv- 

ing as their ancestors had lived prior to the 
discovery of the continent. 

The early settler himself was a distinctive 
character, who cannot be ignored in a work 
of this kind; he encountered privations, and 
the way in which he conquered the wilderness 
and laid the foundations of a state under 
the most discouraging circumstances is a 
never-failing subject of interest to tiie student 
of history. Therefore, there will be no apology 
necessary for the space that is occupied in de- 
tailing the stories of adventure that illustfate 
the lives of the hardy men and women, who 
were the pioneers of civilization in a new and 
strange country. 


The county of Wapello is situated in the 
second tier of counties from the southern line 
of Iowa, and is Ixiunded by Mahaska and Keo- 
kuk on the north, Jefferson on the east, Davis 



on tlie soutli, and IMonroe on tlie west. The 
civil townships are Competine, Higliland, 
Richland, Cokimhia, Cass, Polk, Center, Dah- 
lonega. Pleasant, Agency, Washington, Keo- 
kuk, Green, Adams; 14 civil townships. The 
principal stream is the Des Moines Rixer, 
which enters the county in the corporate limits 
of Eddy\ille and Hows in a general southeast- 
erly direction. finall_\- leaving the county on the 
southwest quarter ui section 35, township 71, 
range 12, thus (li\-iding the county into nearlv 
equal parts. Competine township is drained 
by Competine and Wnlf Creeks and a number 
of tributaries. Cedar Creek crosses Richland, 
Highland and Pleasant townships; into the 
Cedar Hows Brush ;md Little Cedar Creeks and 
a number of small branches. The Des Moines 
River on the south is fed by North and Sf)uth 
Avery and Bear Creeks. Little Soap Creek 
flows nearly eastward through Adams, Green 
and Keokuk townships, and empties into Big 
Soap Creek in Da\is county. Village Creek 
empties into the Des Moines River in Keokuk 
township. The southern part of the county 
was at one time well timlicrcd, but the native 
stock has been greatly reduced by the process 
of cultivating the snil. A large part of the 
county on both sides of the river is embraced 
within the region of the most valuable portion 
of the Iowa coal lielil. The soil thrnugli<iut 
the county is generally very iertile, yielding 
abunilant cro])s of corn, oats and the grasses. 


The Steps of organization, which led to 

the marking out of the boundaries of Wapello 
county, may be summarized as follows: Orig- 
inally it was included in the Louisiana Pur- 
chase of 1803; in 1804 this territory was di- 
vided into the governments of Louisiana and 
Orleans. Li 1812 Louisiana was admitted into 
the Cnion, and the country north of it was then 
called Missouri Territory. Prom 1812 to 1834 
i that region of country now embraced in Iowa 
' was a part of Missouri Territory. In the 
latter \-ear Iowa was placed under the jur- 
[ isdiction of Michigan and was known as 
a part of Michigan Territory. In 1837 
the State of Michigan was admitted into 
the Union, and this luul led to the organiza- 
tion, in the pre\ious year, of a new terri- 
tory under the name of Wisconsin ; Iowa 
was then a part of Wisconsin. Iowa was cre- 
ated as a separate territory in 1838. In 1833 
a treaty was made with the Sac 'ukI I"ox tribe 
of Indians, by the terms of which the country 
lying west of the Mississippi River and east of 
the west line of Jefferson count}' was ceded to 
die United States by the Indians. On the i ith 
of October, 1842, a second treaty was made 
with the same tribe, by which the remainder 
of Iowa was ceded. Cnder this latter treaty 
the whites were not permitted to settle within 
what are now the boundaries of Wapello coun- 
ty until the 1 st of .May, 1843. 

We are now brought up to that ])criod prior 
to the occupation of the county by the set- 
tlers and to the time when the Indians still held 
possession, and also to the time when (len. 
Josei)li M. Street, as the United States Indian 
agent, established a post at Agency. 

MAJ JOHN BEACH, Agent Sacs and Foxes. 

GEN. JOSEPH M. STREET, Agent Sacs and Foxes. 

(From itortrail |i;iiiit(MJ in IH1.">, ) 

1. Old Agency Building. 2. Grave of General Street. 3. Grave of Chief Wapello. 




The t'olldwing- sketch of (iencral Street is 
taken from A. 1\. Fulton's book (now out of 
print") "The Red Men of Iowa:" "General 
Josepli 'M. Street was born in Virginia, Oc- 
tober ]8, 1782. He was appointed to the 
agency of tiie \\'innchagoes in 1828, and in tlie 
autunni of tliis _\ear arrived at Prairie du 
Cliien, iiis family remaining for a short time 
in Illinois. During the winter he returned and 
renioNcd his family also to the agency. He 
-was a strict Presbyterian, ami his was the llrst 
family professing the Protestant faith to lo- 
cate at that place. After the treaty of 1837, 
by wliich the Sacs and Foxes relinciuished 
'Keokuk's Keser\'e' on the Iowa i\i\er, and 
the Indians agreed to remove further west, 
Cieneral Street was transferred from tlie 
agency at Prairie du Chien to the new agency 
of the Sacs and Foxes on the Des Moines. In 
accordance with this ])uri)ose. early in 1838 
General Street took measures to locate a new 
agency as con\-enient as practicable to the prin- 
cipal villages of the Indians. Accompanied 1)\- 
the chief, Poweshiek, and a party of Indians, 
he set out to examine the country and selected 
the location, where the town of Agency City is 
now situated in Wapello county. He at once 
contracted for the erection of the necessary 
buildings, — including a family residence and 
office, blacksmith shop and stables. The con- 
tractor was from Clarksville, Missouri; he 
brought with him a large force of mechanics 
and laborers, inckuling a number of negro 
slaves. The work was soon completed. In 

April, 1839. General Street removed his family 
to the new agency. In the meantime Jiis health' 
had been gradually declining, and before the 
close of the year lie had become almost totally 
disabled, owing to a complication of obstinate 
maladies. On the 5th day of May, 1840, he 
was out riding with his brother-in-law. Dr. 
Posey, who had been attending him ])rofession- 
ally. On returning home, he alighted from 
the carriage, and seating himself in the door 
called for a cup of cold water. When the .ser- 
vant brought it. he remained motionless in the 
chair. Dr. Posey was immediately called, and 
came without the delay of a minute, but too 
late. The General had died while sitting in his 

M.\.|Ok JOHN BE.\CII. 

?kIajor John iieach, who succeeded General 
Street as Indian agent, was born at Gloucester, 
Massachusetts, February 2^, 181 2. At an early 
age he entered Portsmouth ( X. H.) .\cademy, 
where at ten years of age he took a ])rize for 
])roficiency in Latin, and at thirteen he ex- 
celled in (ireek. He was appointed a cadet 
at \\'est Point at the age of sixteen, and grad- 
uated in the class of 1S3J at the age of twefity 
years. Soon after be received his commission 
as second lieutenant in the First U. S. Infantry, 
of which Zachary Taylor was colonel. He 
was assigned to duty on the frontier anil in 
1838, his hearing having become impaired, he 
resigned from the army and was for some time 
employed in the United States land otVice at 
Dubuque. In the meantime he had married a 
daughter of General Street, and succeeded him 




as agent in 1840. From 1847 until 1863 he 
was engaged in mercantile pursuits at Agency 
City, where he died, August 31, 1874. He dis- 
charged all his duties as an officer and a citizen 
with fidelity. Prior to his death, he had com- 
pleted a series of valuable historical articles, 
entitled "Old Times," which were published in 
the newspaper of his own town. From these 
papers, the autlmr uf this volume will quute as 
follows : 

In the fall of 1837 Major Beach accom- 
panied General Street, who conducted a party 
of 30 chiefs to the East, and while there they 
visited Boston. .Major Beach says: "There 
were two theaters then in Boston, and a strug- 
gle ensued between them to obtain the presence 
of the Indians, in order to 'draw houses." At 
the Trenmnl, the aristcxratic and fashionable 
one, the fanu)us tragedian, Forrest, was filling 
an engagement, liis great play, in which he 
acted the part of a gladiator, and always drew 
his largest audiences, had not yet come off, and 
the manager was disinclined to bring it out 
while tiie Indians were there, as their presence 
always insured a full house, (jeneral Street, 
being a strict I'resljyterian, was not much in 
the theatrical line, and hence the writer, who 
had recently liecome liis son-in-law, took these 
matters off his hands; and, as he knew this 
particular j)lay would suit the Indians far l)et- 
ter than those sim])le, declamatory tragedies, in 
which, as they could not understand a word, 
there was no action to keep them interested, he 
finally prevailed upon Mr. Barry, the manager, 
to bring it out, promising that all the Indians 
should come. 

"In the exciting scene, where the gladi- 
ators engage in deadly combat, the Indians 
gazed with eager, breathless anxiety : and as 
Forrest, finally pierced through the breast with 
his adversary's sword, fell dying, and as the 
other drew his blot^dy weapon from the Ijody, 
liea\'ing in the convulsions of its expiring 
throes, while the curtain falls, the whole Indian 
companN' l)urst out with their fiercest war- 
whoop. It was a frightful yell to strike sud- 
denly upon unaccustomed ears, and was in- 
stantly succeeded by screams of terror from 
among the more nervous of the ladies and chil- 
dren. For an instant the audience seemed at 
a loss, but scx)n uttered a hearty round of ap- 
I plause — a just tribute to both actor and In- 

"After ceiling the belt of country ui)on the 
Iowa side of the Mississippi, as heretofore 
mentioned, and having considerably increased 
the width of this belt by an additional cession in 
the treaty of 1837, the Sacs and Foxes still re- 
tained a large and most \'aluable portion of our 
State. This last treaty was negotiated with the 
I party whose visits to Washington and other 
\ eastern cities we have just mentioned, and was 
concluded on the 21st day of October. This 
was the first treaty e\er made with the Sacs 
and Foxes, in which the principle was incor- 
porated that had just then begun to be adopted, 
of making the sum .allowed the Indians for their 
land a permanent fmid, to be held in trust by 
the United States, upon which interest onlv. at 
the rate of five jier cent, would be annually 
paid to them. Hitherto it had been the custom 
to provide that the gross sum granted for a 


cession shuukl be paid in yearly installnienls. 
For instance, $10,000 in regular payments of 
$1,000, over a term of ten years, would have 
left the Indians, at the end of that time, desti- 
tute of all further benefit from that cession. 
But now the more humane policy liad come 
to be followed — of saving for theiii, in per- 
petuity, the ]>rincipal sum. b'or their cession of 
1837, they were allowed $200,000; upon which 
the interest annually paid is $10,000; and the 
treaty of October 11, 1S4J. that finally dis- 
possesscil them of their land in Iowa, pavs 
them $40,000, as the interest upon $800,000, 
which, together with the payment by the United 
States of a large amount of claims, and some 
minor stipulations of a cash character, was the 
consideration for which that cession was ob- 
tained. Under a very okl treaty, they were 
also recei\ing an unlimited annuity of $1,000, 
so that now there is the yearly sum of $51,000 
payable to the Sacs and Foxes, as long as anv 
of their people live to claim and rccei\e it. 

"This treaty of 1837 also stipulated for the 
erection of mills and support of millers; the 
breaking-up and fencing of fields ; the estab- 
lishment of a model farm, and other schemes 
of the pestilent brood of so-called philanthro- 
pists who were then beginning to devise their 
various plans for plundering the savages, and 
fastening upon them their hosts of vampires 
and leeches, schemes causing the outlay of 
many thousands of dollars of the money grant- 
ed to these Indians for their lands, from which, 
it is safe to say, they never deriveil the slightest 

"Appanoose persuaded General Street that 

Sugar Creek, between Ottumwa and Agencv, 
was 50 miles long, and the General had a mill 

: erected on it. .V freshet occurred within the 
next twelve months or so, sufficient in size and 
force to wash it away; but the writer doubts if 
ever a bu.shel of grain was ground in it, nor, 
had it stood to this day, and had the Indians 
remained to this d;iy, docs he believe thev could 
have been i)revailed upon to have raised a 
bushel of corn to carry to it. .\notbpr mill was 
put up on Soap Creek, and when the writer t(j<)k 

: charge of 'the Agency, in June, 1840, that was 
also destroye<l; but as that was a better stream 
and as he was fortimatc enough to secure the 
services of Peter Wood, a man who fully un- 
dersto(Ml his business, and was honestly dis- 
posed to attend to it, a .second mill that was 
erected fared better, but the Indians ti;ok no 
interest in it whatever. 

".\ large field, cornering where the creek below the depot at Ottumwa debouches 
from the bluff, was made and cultivated for 
one of the villages then located opposite. The 
field extended in this direction and toward the 
river, .\nother was made on the oii]K)site bank 
near to the villages, an<l still a thirtl in the 
same neighborhood, giving one to each <if the 
three villages located op])osite and below Ot- 
tumwa. .\ splendid wheat crop, harvested by 
the hands employed on the Pattern Farm, was 
stacked and a very high fence built around until 
it could be threshed; but, in a very little time, 
the young men, too lazy to hunt up their ponies 
if turned out to graze, and having no squaws 
of whom to exact the duty, tore down the 
fences and turned their ponies upon the grain. 



. "At the time of General Street's decease, the 
Indians were occupying tlieir country with 
their permanent, or spring' and summer \'il- 
lages, located as follows : Upon the bank of the 
Des Moines, opposite the mouth of Sugar 
Creek, where there is (piitc a spacious bot- 
tom extending for a mile or more below, 
where the bluff closes in pretty closely 
upon the bank, and for a much longer 
distance in the ui)-river direction toward 
and past Ottumwa, was the \ iliage of Keo- 
kuk; and still above, were those of Wapello, 
Foxes, and Appanoose, a Sac chief. .\c- 
cording to the writer's present memory, that of 
Wapello was the intermediate one. Keokuk 
himself had selected a pleasant, commanding 
and picturescjuc point f^r his own summer wig- 
wam, some half way up the side of the bluff, 
in the rear of his village, where, with his own 
little field of corn and beans, despite the large 
field of Uncle Sam just beneath him, he en- 
joyed the (i/iiiin cum digiiihilc of his authoritv 
and rank during the hot weather. 

"His wigwam was a very conspicuous ob- 
ject to a traveler along the road that crests the 
bluff' ami winds d(j\\n the long hill to Sugar 
Creek on this side. From his elevated positit)n, 
where, like another Robinson Crusoe in the 
boys' story books, he could contemplate himself 
as 'monarch of all he surveyed,' he had a fine 
view of the three villages spread beneath him. 
as well as of the bluffs and bottoms for a con- 
siderable distance up and down the ri\er on 
this side. Several of the lodges in every town 
had their own small patches of cultivated 
ground in the neighborhood of their villages; 

but the hillside, now covered by Ottumwa, 
seemed to offer them more attractive spots for 
this purpose, probably because the soil was 
more easily worked, and situated more favor- 
ably for the influence of the sun than upon their 
side of the river. A light, easily turned soil 
was, of course, an object to the poor squaws, 
upon whom devolved the duty of working it 
with their hoes, and of inserting the rickety 
posts that, with light poles bound to them, 
made the fence, not exceeding four feet in 
height, but, in general, very resi)ectfully treated 
by the ponies, the only animal liable in intrude 

j injuriously upon their fields. 

"The whole hillside on its lnwer slujie, for 

] they seld(.im cultivated it more than half way 
up, was occupied in this way by the Indians, 
from some distance below the depot fully up 
to or above the court house ; often the writer, 
on the receipt of some instructions requiring a 
'talk' with the leading men. in order to save 
time, and to the Indians the trouble of a ride 
to Agency, has appointed some shady spot in 
one of these patches. 

"The Indians seklom occupied tlieir per- 
manent villages, except during the time of 
planting or securing their cro])s. after which 
tiie_\' would start out on a short hunt, if the 
annuity — which was generally paid within the 
six weeks from the ist of September — had not 
yet been receix'ed. Immediately after payment, 
it was their custom to leave the •.-iliage for the 
winter, hunting through this season by families 
and small parties, leading the regular nomad 
life, changing their location from time to time, 
as the supply of game and the need — so es- 



sential to their comfort — of seeking places near 
to timbered streams l:)est protected from tlie 
rigors of weather would recjuire. 

"Tlie village of Hard Fish — or Wishe- 
comaque, as it is in the Indian tongue — which 
was quite as respectable in size as any of the 
old villages, was located in what is now the 
heart of Eddyville, named for J. P. Eddy, a 
trader, who was licensed in the summer of 
1840, by the writer, to establish his trading post 
at that place. He continued to trade there until 
the treaty of final cession in 1842, and was the 
most fortunate of any of the large traders in 
finding his schedule of claims against the In- 
dians very little reduced by the commissioners, 
whose part it was at that treaty, to adjust all 
outstanding claims against the Sacs and Foxes. 

"The writer cannot locate the place exactly, 
according to our state maps, although he has 
often visited it in Indian times ; but somewhere 
out north from Kirkville. and probably not 
over iJ miles distant, on the bank of Skunk 
River, not far above the 'Forks of Skunk,' 
was a small village of not over 15 or 20 lodges, 
presided over by a man of considerable influ- 
ence, tiiough he was not a chief, named Kish- 
kekosh. This village was on the direct trail — 
in fact it was the converging point of the two 
trails — from Hard Fish \illage, and the three 
villages across the ri\er below Ottumwa, to 
the only other permanent settlement of the 
tribes, which was the village of Poweshiek, a 
Fox chief of equal rank with Wapello, situated 
on the bank of the Iowa River. 

"About the time that Eddy moved out his 
stock of goods from Burlington to his licensed 

pcjint at Hard h'ish village, P. Chouteau, Jr., 
& Company also obtained an addition to their 
license for a post at the same place, and put up 
a small estabiishmcnt some fourdi of a mile be- 
low Eddy, on the river bank. In the same 
winter, of 1840-41, W. G. & G. W. Ewing, of 
Indiana, wlio had already actpiircd large wealth 
in the Indian trade, but never yet had dealt with 
the Sacs and Foxes, obtained a license and 
had their point assigned them just at the mouth 
of Sugar Creek, on the Ottumwa side, where 
they soon got up a large establishment, filled 
with a full and valuable stock. This post was 
started, and, ffir a year or so, conducted by 
a i\Ir. Hunt, a gentleman of far more educa- 
tion, retinement and cukure than is often found 
among the resident Indian traders. 

"Previous to the treaty of 1542 some few 
changes were made in their location, both by 
the Indians and among the whiles. The house 
at the 'Old Garrison' was broken up, and one 
established in its stead up in the Red Rock 
region, near the mouth of Wiiite Breast; and 
Keokuk, also, moved his village into the same 
neighborhood. A second blacl smith was ap- 
pointed, named Baker, son-in-law of Colonel 
Ingraham, one of the pioneers of Des Moii«s 
county, and a person of considerable character 
and influence in his county. Baker died at 
Fort Des Moines, still in the service of the 
Indians : but when appointed, he built his resi- 
dence some half a mile east of the .\gency. not 
far from the claim taken by the late William 
Newell, father of L. F. Newell, by whom the 
property was subsequently purchased and add- 
ed to his farm. 



"The Sacs and Foxes were cjuite friendly 
and managealjle; in fact, were very pleasant 
and agreeable people to live among, and all 
public and personal intercouse with tlicni mlled 
smoothly along the well-worn track, without 
much of incident or marvel, until the final sale 
of their remaining Iowa domain. Sometimes 
incidents would occur, possessing excitement 
or amusement enough to encnuich for a little 
upon the monotony that otherwise might have 
become tedious, of which the writer will en- 
deavor to recover the memory of one or two 
that may amuse the reader. 

"The Sacs and Foxes, like all other In- 
dians, were a very religious peo]jle, in theii 
way, always maintaining the observance of a 
good many rites, ceremonies and feasts in their 
worship of the Kitche Mulito, or (jreat Spirit. 
Fasts did not seem to be ])rescribed in an\' of 
their missals, however, because, perhaps forced 
ones, under scarcity of game or other edibles, 
were not of impossil)le occurrence among peo- 
ple w liose creed jjlainly was to let tomorrow 
take care of things of itself. Some of these cere- 
monies bore such resemblance to some of those 
laid down in the book of Moses as to have 
justified the imjiression among biblical students 
tli;it the lost tribes of Israel might have found 
their way to this continent. 

"The writer was a witness, one delightful 
forenoon in May, 1841, of a ceremony that 
seemed full of mystery, even to those of the 
Indians who t<M)k no ])art in celebrating 
it. A large lodge had been set up for 
the occasion on the level green, near 

Keokuk's village, and its sides left so 
entirely open that \ision of the proceedings 
conducted within was entirely free. Close 
around was a circle of guards or sentinels, evi- 
dently 'in the secret,' as they were close enough 
to hear, but at a distance far enough to prevent 
eavesdropping of the low tones used within the 
sacred precincts. Inside of these guards was 
another and uiucli l;irgfr circle of sentinels, 
who restrained all outsiders (of whom the 
writer had to content himself with being one) 
from crossing within their line. Keokuk 
seemed to be the chief personage among the 
performers, and the performance to be de- 
signed for the exclusive benefit of one old 
fellow of some importance in the tribe, who 
was mainly distinguished from those about him 
by being clad in a much scantier pattern of 
raiment. Sometimes they would place him on 
his feet, and sometimes on his seat, as they 
])ow wowed and gesticulated about him. Final- 
ly, while in a sedentary position, with a large 
pile of blankets behind him, Keijkuk ap- 
proached in front, pistol in hand, ajiparentlv 
aimed at his forehead. 

"There was an explosion, cpiite audible to 
us t)utsiders. and a no small pufif of smoke, and 
the old sa\'age went over on his back in cpiick 
time, where he was covered up and left among 
the blankets, while a good many 'long talks' 
were held around and over him, until at length, 
Keokuk, taking his hand, brought him to the 
sitting posture, and soon after «o his feet, ap- 
parently none the worse for having been used 
as a target. The outside multitude of Indians 



gazed with marked awe througliout the entire 
performance, and maintained, u itlial, the deep- 
est silence." 

It will he appropriate in this connection to 
introduce a sketch of Wapello, the cliief in 
whose honor the county is named. We take 
this sketch from Fulton's "Red Men of Imva.'" 


"Tlie name Wapello signifies prince or 
chief. He was head chief of the Fox trihe. and 
was born at Prairie du Chien, in 1787. .\t the 
time of the erection of Fort .\rmstrong ( 18 16) 
he presided over one of the tlin-e ])rincipal vil- 
lages in that vicinity. His village was on the 
east side of the Alississippi. n"ar the foot of 
Rock Island, and not far from the famous 
Black Hawk village. In 1829 l;; removed his 
village to Muscatine Slougii. on the west side 
of the Mississipi)i. and then to a place at or 
near the jiresent town of \\'a])ello, in Louisa 
county. Like Keokuk and Pashei)aho. he was 
in favor of abiding by the requirements of the 
treaty of 1804, and was therefore opposed to 
the hostile movements of Black Hawk. 

"Wapello was among the chiefs present on 
the occasion of the liberation of Black Hawk 
at Fort Armstrong, in 1833. .\t that time, 
after several chiefs had spoken, he rose in the 
council and said 'I am not in the habit of talk- 
ing — I think! I have been thinking all day; 
Keokuk has spoken; I am glad to see my 
brothers ; I will shake hands with them. I am 

"The name of W^apello appears signed to 

several treaties relinquishing lands to the 
United States. He was one of the delegates 
who accompanied Keokuk to Washington in 
1837. On that <x:casion he made a very fa- 
vorable impression by the correctness of his de- 
portment, lie made a speech in the council, 
whicli was licld at that time by the secretary 
of war for the purpose of reconciling the Siou.x 
with the Sacs and Fo.xes. .\ftcr Keokuk had 
spoken, Wai)ello ccjmmenced his siieech by say- 
ing: 'My father, you have heartl what my 
chief has said. He is the chief of our nation. 
His tongue is ours. What he says we all say. 
Whatever he does we will be bound by it." 
It was conceded that Wapello's remarks were 
sensible and i)ertinent. and although he <li<l 
not possess the fine form and commanding 
])resence of Keokuk, many tiiought his speech 
was not inferior to Keokuk's. 

"After the conclusion of the business at 
Washington, the delegation visited Boston, 
where they held a levee at Faneuil Hall, and 
were afterward conducted to the State House, 
where they were received by Governor Everett, 
members of the legislature ami other digni- 
taries. The governcjr addressed them and the 
chiefs replied, Keokuk, as usual, sjjeaking fir^. 
He was followed by Wapello, who said : T 
am happy to meet my friends in the land of 
my forefathers. When a boy I recollect my 
grandfather told me of this place where the 
white men used to take our forefathers Ijy the 
hand. I am very happy that this land has in- 
duced so many white men to come upon it ; 
by that 1 think they can get a living upon it. 
I am always glad to give the white man my 



hand, and call him bnither. 'J"he white man is 
the older of the two; Init perhajjs yon have 
heard that my tribe is respected by all others, 
and is the oldest among the tribes. I have 
shaken hands with a great many different 
tribes of ])eople. 1 am very much gratified that 
I have li\ed to come and talk with the white 
man in this house where my fathers talked, 
which 1 ha\e heard of so many years ago. I 
will go home and tell all I have seen, and it 
shall never be forgotten by my children.' 

"in the spring of i(S4J Wapello had left his 
village on the Des Moines, not far from the site 
of the i)resent city oi Ottumwa, to visit the 
grand scenes of his former hunting exploits. 
It was in March — the dreary month of storms 
— but there were (bus when all nature seemed 
to rejoice at the near approach of the season 
of springing grass and buckling leaves. Alas ! 
Tiic good chief liad numbered his winters on 
earth. His moccasins were never again to 
press the green carpet df the prairies, nor fol- 
]f)W the trail (if the deer amid the coverlets of 
the forest. While encamjied with his hunting 
l)arty on Rock Creek, in what is now Jackson 
township, Keokuk count\-, he was taken sud- 
denly ill. Surrounded by his faithful follow- 
ers, he lingered but a few days, and then on 
the 15th of March, 1842, his spirit passed away 
to the better hunting grounds. To the ci;U-ious 
it may in the years to come be a matter of in- 
terest to know that the closing scene in the 
earthly career of this good Indian chief was 

on the northwest (piarter of the northeast quar- 
ter of section 21, township 74, range ir. 

"In accordance with a request m;ide by 
Wapello soine time before his death, his re- 
mains were conveyed t(j the agency for inter- 
ment near tliose of General Street, the former 
beloved agent of the .Sacs and Fo.xes. The 
funeral cortege accompanying the remains con- 
sisted of 25 Indians, three of whom were 
scjuaws. ( Samuel Hardesty drove the ox 
wagon, in which the body was conveyed.) In 
the ])resence of Keokuk, .\ppanoose and most 

, of the leading men of the tribes, on the same 
exening of the arrival of the body, after the 
usual Indian ceremonies, the interment took 

1 place. Since then the remains of ^^'apello have 
peacefullv reposed beside those of his pale- 

! faced friend, and suitable monuments mark the 

: resting place of both. Many years ago the 
author copied from their gravestones the fol- 
lowing inscriptions : 


Memory of 

Gen. Joseph M. Street, 

Son of Anthony and Molly Street, 

Born Oct. ISth, 1782, in Virginia; 

Died at the Sac and Fox Agency, 

May .5th, 1840. 


Memory of 


Born at Prairie du Chien, 1787; 

Died near the Forks of Skunk, 

March l.i, 1812. — Sac and Fox Nation. 




Names of Indians of the Sac and Fox Tribe, as Revealed bv the Account 
Book of J. P. Eddv, the Indian Tkadek. 

I fi; 


In tlic year 1840, J. P. I-'ddy was ap- i 
pointed Indian trader at the liard I*"ish Nil- 
lage, on the site ndw necupied \)V VAdyy'iWv. 
Tlie author of this work has in his possessi(jii 
the book of accounts kept hy F.ddy, in wliicli 
the names of tlie lieads (if families and sinj;!e 
Indians are preserved, t^ivinq; tlie numher in 
family and the articles purchasetl. This is, 
perhaps, the (inl\- ddcument in existence that 
contains the names of the Indians of that j 
period, and is therefore very valuable. The 
book was presented to the writer by Richard 
Butcher, of Eddyville (now deceased), who 
was a clerk or assistant in the tradint;' house 
of Mr. Eddy. The names are written in a 
very plain handwriting-, and with ink tliat still 
preser\es its glossy black color to a remark- 
able degree. \\'e have, therefore, not only 
the names but as nearly an accurate census 
as could possibly l)e taken. The names of 
some of the prominent chiefs and leading men 

appear in the list that follcjws. The totaF 
number of ])er.sons represented is 2,004. '^'le 
ptn-chases made Ijy the Indians were calico, 
blankets, powder, lead, scalping knives, a few 
parasols, .saddles, bridles, handkerchiefs, mus- 
lin, broadcloth, pocket knives, ribbons, ver- 
milion paint for the purjjoses of decoration, 
hunting knives, coffee, sugar, etc. Kislike- 
kosli, who was a chief, ran u[) a bill amount- 
ing to nearly tw(j hundred dollars. The 
names of other chiefs appear, such as Wa- 
pello, Pashepaho, and Keokuk's wife. 

.\'o. in family. 

Mink Col CI1C Roc 4 

We Sliick O Ma Quat 8 

Paw caw caw _] 

Waw pe mall Whey 2 

Maslic wac <|iiah r 

I'ani mc po Ko 4 

."Xssaw waw mink i 

Nam maw Rcali ... .4 

Lali Lah waw pit 7 

Pup pe qua pac quae 5 

Ne Kail ack quack 8 

Ke we Tshali cooss sat j 



Paw Po Tsay ., 3 

Sha Sho want 2 

Fah she Kah Tshik i 

She pe pec 6 

Wass ay hon wa 7 

Tshah Kat Taw cos see 7 

Not Taw Tass cee 2 

Kac Kenaw watassee 4 

Kot tac que 1 1 

Minsli CO 2 

Ah Taic 2 

Nam maw Kea 4 

No Ten o Kah i 

Ah Shah so 8 

Kash Ke pii 5 

Wap pwa all Tuc 4 

Ah put tah hnnc I 

Pen Keen nack 5 

Mool a ma 7 

Quas Qtiis si 4 

Mash que quah Tah wa 2 

Watch che wea 2 

Wass at tan no qua 3 

Shah maw Kaw '. . . 2 

Mack qua vv Tas 2 

We te munt 3 

Mack at(| Hah quata 3 

We Yah i 

Mash que pac Ke 6 

Saw Pee quae que 2 

Man Whay 7 

Wah we so 4 

Ah cow we niah 3 

Mack cat tan can 3 

Nam me pash qua I 

Mat che scppo 4 

Ne Kal oo Sah hat 4 

Mash quah Ka 7 

Kat tat tah 3 

Mink coh che Ke 4 

Muk quaw 2 

Waw push c con 7 

Kah tah Kow wah 3 

Me Kass se qua 5 

Pam me Tuck Wuc Tshe 2 

Mant hi Ke ne 6 

O Ke mant 5 

Pam me po Ko 4 

Wass ay hon wa 7 

Tshh cat taw quah 6 

Wah pe Kac Kaic White Hawk 7 

Ka tan no qua S 

Sah Kash Kee 3 

Ken Niss a 5 

Pe at taw we o Ke mant 8 

Nac ot to cop paw 5 

Ah tah moon c qua 7 

Wac Kam mo 2 

Wah Kaw pe Shick i 

Kat Tac qua 11 

Pash Ko whah 3 

Min Cup pay I 

Tshe Quu 4 

Assaw watah quat 3 

Ke cool ass i 

Tslia cal a nia 5 

Nock Kah whay 4 

Assaw wash Koow 3 

Mink che pah 6 

Wah pe Koss pah 4 

Wah CO Shaw 2 

As aw wee 2 

Pam me hat 2 

As si wal i Ri I 

Nan Ne maw wha 2 

Wah pusha Kac qua 3 

Resh Rat tap pe qua 2 

We sha pit i 

Mo Me te ne i 

She Col ah wall 2 

Mah che nc nn 5 

Puss ays 4 

Ass aw assam mo i 

Ro Raw ho I 

Ke we ni ]i nc 3 

Wah pee niny whay 2 

Kush Ko maw ? 

Paw ne to te 2 

No shay co 2 

Kah Ke os sa qua 3 

.'Vh tshe o'law Lo na 7 

Quos que ton I 

Mack call tow con 3 

Ash qua Mah i 

Tac cum ^nessac 3 

Mah tah pay I 

Tshah tsah coos sah qua S 

Meshe nmh tuck quah 4 

O tac Kone 3 

Mank ke we na 3 

O Ke maw assam 4 

Meal wa ma qua 5 




Os Kiish 

Wall Wah Ke 

AUem Peen 

Nut che mill 

Ah Pah am p pee 

Mash quah vvat ~, 

Mash qua Tah . 

Pan e nan ncsc 


Que yam ma 

Ni an no 

Ne mah Ka Wha ''."''. 

Ah Sliah soo 

Mu or Re mo tah 

Sac ko vva Kah 

Kee \va wic kay 

Pal ah See 

N.I Tick Kah 

Wah cum mo 

Kow we Kul Suck 

Pwa E nak kee 

Push Ko 5 

Kicsh kow tamp pee j 

The son of Shackeo a 

Mack OSS penia 4 

She CO Call an ke 

Kac ke na wa Tase 1 1 

Ke o tah quah I 

I am o us 2 

Am mo wah 3 

Ko ko at clia 5 

Ap pall lah nose 4 

Chau Ko Kaw wah 3 

Pam mas sail hat 5 

Me shat che qua I 

Wah pal nah tuck 5 

Kash ke pai i 

I ah wa che •^ 

She koo kaw kac i 

Wa pa pe qua 4 

Wah Saw pen ent 4 

Wapo !ow I 

Mai ah quaw I 

Mint taw waw kaw pit 3 

Pal La noss ah 3 

Nin cot ta hit 3 

Kot Tah whah I 

Ash Shish ke we I 

No Ro Mack i 

Mol Cat te Cat Tul i 

Mai taw taw 2 

Pshah Tshah pa we 

No tut tiz F.u I 

Tsho wah 

Me ah Kee 

Was ash Kee 

Sha Ra ho 

Ash ke packaw whah 

Kish Kee Kosh 

Chow ko cow wah 

Pcy new nese 

Wah posh e mock que 

Wah tass sah ko 

Muk que bol lah Shaw 

Hah not taw 

Nis so Kat or Pam ma ho 

Ah qnam niant 

Puck Cut tup pu 

Ashe came 

Mack Kose //_"_ 

Ke Ke Kep sah ..........'..*. 

I moo ass 

Us cos She quah 

Sho wa kea 

Mackata qua 

Kook .... 

Nan to wa ka 

Pallo qua 7 

Nam ma Enin nee 

.^c kan nee 

Mash CO kaw 

Mack e nee 

Caw is see 

Assaw E cah ak | 

Kah Ke nio i 

Kah Kah Kee cak quaw 4 

No Kuli qua 2 

Ka ke me -2 

Nah pwe Ta hat 5 

Way sa han nue 5 

Wah we Tah Cah -, 

Mank kek qua 4 

Saw wah 6 

Packe ses So i 

Pat tac quee 6 

Tshe quass ^ 

Re mam 5 

At che kaw hon i 

Pe qiial lo i 

No tak kay 3 

Tshe quaho ^ 

Miss aw wat 2 

















Quail t|iiff cas i 

Shaw ma Kole 2 

Wall wah cassani 4 

Equa enint tomant 4 

Mat taw wc qua i 

Nan nass wa we wa i 

Wah pe caw paw i 

Wah puss aye 4 

Mush quee packee 6 

Wah canini iiiee .3 

Auck (|uc Sok 1 

No Tah Ra ' 3 

Cass ah quu I 

Wah pee Mo Wha 2 

Wah wa sah 4 

Pie maush kee 3 

Wall pas as mo qua 2 

Assaw wishc no qua i 

Mack Kat Tow as se 2 

Sho na Kcc 7 

Ke wall ma hoo wha I 

Kat tac (|ua i 

I Ko maw (jua 3 

Mint che 3 

La wall Re wah I 

Wah pe mauk 6 

Kat che Okemant 6 

Not tuw nnr S 

Kasli Kat l:ip poqun 2 

Ka pe CO ma 5 

Mala Okemant 4 

Ash ke pack ka 5 

Ma kas ah 6 

Mack at tah na na niacke I 

An o Tall 4 

Ne sho we na 2 

Ah Lah me " 5 

Shah T.a (|u:ili vik 9 

Shay Pur 5 

Ne Po c|urili 2 

Wah cam mee 2 

Pea qualo co 2 

Wc tah wah nawpe 3 

Mac Kata Equa i 

We Ne Kan nawk 4 

To kon e qua i 

Ash keu Tah 7 

Ka To To Se 7 

Nay qu ash K 3 

Nah mass we hah 2 

Wah we Yah tan 2 

Kat che kam equa 

Ko shah a 

No kah whay 

Assam mit 

Ke shus 00 muk o kuc 

Ke she asa 

Kat ah may 

Be nos see 

Shah kah pe 

Me kes e ne ne 

Qu ak kah 

Ne Sho Ta 

Que ah que yes 

Mack e naw 

Cap pen na qua 

Tshe cah pa 

No tan osh kuck 

O ne e She 

Ne kah tah quak 

Com me 


Pam mall ho 

Wis con sin 

Kesh Co 

Kal O mah 

No a hawk 

Qu qu et an 

Mat she nam mas . . . . 

Nin naw- ke 

Wa pap peu 

Mash quail pose 

Mack E Naw 

Wall pah she con 

Ash ah he qua 

Kah sham maw nee . 

Che nah pec 

At tan no qua 

Tshee cam mack qua . 
Me Couh U quail . . . 

Mee Kess Tah 

We t mougli 

Sha ne Kah 

Pas e tak nah tuk . . . 

Che quat e mo 

Sah wc Yah co se ... 
Pash ke Lah sant .... 
We Shick O ma quet 
Kew wa taw wappee... 

Kish kah tah 

Ke o Kuck 

Was see quaw ko .... 








. 2 





Kc wat die 

Ne she wash kuck 

Peat taw we ok maw 
Shah wav 





Shah cat lap pe c 

Sliah pot taw i; 

Wah ko pushilo 5 

We sheet 2 

Na mass we cah pali i 

Pack Kai tai , 

We sha kah wah 14 

Wah pe slia qua mink ,0 

Mint taw wa qua j 

Kos sa quaw ■, 

Kai shay Okcmaiit ■, 

We kai 00s sah hat 4 

Mank is say . 

Mack et che 

4 I 

Ah kali qua 6 

Mack e paw^ 6 

Pe w^e nee i 

Ma nay ^ 

Tshe Kas Kuk ^ 

Ratist, Biss on nelte ^ 

Poll Pah ke ay ' ' ' ' "-, 

Pam nics sat ^ 

We sail kah tay I 

We pay tay 2 

Kah ko we she . ■^ 

Shah poui kay 4 

Mam wa tuck -i 

Wah Say So qua -5 

Wa pa ma ha 4 

Ka con way nali g 

Man a to wah 7 

Wall pe swoeli _> 

Wah pat tea hat () 

Kan was so f) 

Ne kah nali a tah 

Mush wah a to ^ 

Kah kah tshe kah •} 

Shah wah no ho noqna 3 

Mak wuk niootuy 2 

Meali lah what 1 

Tshock ko not iS 

Shay Kee i 

Sa nee kee 1 

Tsh ah kah sho 4 

Mash quash wat 3 

A la quail to 3 

Wick c yah I 

X' k kee wa wckay i 

Matclie mo ho cos a 

A tah me ho ^ 

Sah kah pan no qua / j 

Pam a maky i 

Mash que pa Ky g 

Pass o qua -i 

Nash e as kuk and Brother 4 

Am a wall 4 

Mck kah tahal lo c to 12 

No pot ; 6 

Not alt ke 

Me Kess e ne ne 

Noo ah Kuck 

Wah Co shah sha 

Ne pope 

Nay (|uali I lurk 

No See Kee 

Mo Kese 

Pat la ssah 

Wall wah seek kee caw ^ 

Tsliah tshali pe we -j 

Nam me peay 6 

Pack a tuck . . ^ 

Wat che Ho 

Wall wah kee 

Pea tea Shah . . 

Ne pat to 

Wa pa loo's Brother 

Kc wa quack 

Nah Nail he Kit 

Mall he can nee 








Wala tah cah -5 

Polla Los wa 4 

Queen na Mo j 

Ka kac que Mo . . 2 

Mash wa e can 6 

Sho Kap peay % 

Wa w we Yal tan 

Mam niackaw Rshik 

Paw Kee 

Saw kee qua 

Ni hi> tuck 

Wa pi shic 

Ah ah we hah ... 

Wapc caniish kuck 

No ak ten Kah qua 

Ne Kali Sah (|uack 9 

Mat tah pay son i 

Kasha Okemant . . 
Mo na say no wc 





Qua qua tsh ysay 7 

Mai ant ch qua 4 

Mac ket ah assan 3 

Mai tot cho no tah ket 6 

Wall lash 3 

W'aw pall o ka 6 

Nail cot ta we noe 6 

Aiioo way 5 

Sail Re win nali Kali pah 5 

'VYah Wah Kce i 

Nah waw qua i 

Paw nu shic S 

Wah pc sha quah mink 5 

'Taw wah nin ne 6 

'.She paw Sah me i 

Wall paw quat 4 

Ac R Ray E mu nee 3 

Mink cat ta wassit ; I 

Ac Rce nam Mass we tuck 5 

Mai a to pack S 

Pan nac nac Ka hawk i 

We taw wee 7 

Na so kat ta ; .' 6 

Moc kaw ho co 3 

Kal a po (jua I 

Mat tat lah 4 

Wa Sam Me Sa 8 

Kaw kaw paw hah 5 

Man a to appcn no 3 

Kaw naw happee 6 

Mam nic a she co 5 

Kesh Kit tan 4 

Kan no tappee i 

Wah Rah tapa 4 

Waw pal oos sa squa 4 

Wah pit che qua 2 

Sak Kaw cha -Shick 4 

Wap pe nah may I 

Tshali Kee Seppoo S 

Kali Kah Kee I 

Matche 5 

Nansh j-hcc S 

Wall pc liai kac 3 

Man a too am mick 6 

Ah sho wa hock 9 

Ap a pah we ne 3 

Ac Kee nam moos sa noo tak I 

Tshee Kaw pai 4 

Sfh Kah now quato 4 

Quas h quani mee 5 

Tap paw Shu 3 

Wah can na 5 

No Sliac Ko 2 

Pan me Kaw wat 8 

Nan noh he kit 9 

Wah we Yash Ke Slick i 

Kah Ke Kay 7 

Ma Show ass 2 

We can nessat 6 

Cass appee 2 

Nan tan no qua i 

Na may qua 3 

Mca CO I 

Queen no wa pcali 3 

Wah pe man c too 3 

-Ah not lah 7 

Nah man e qua 2 

She pasli qua 6 

Paw ne nen no 5 

Pe wc nee i 

Sackitto 5 

Paw waw f|uc 7 

Sissah sah ho 2 

.A.slie pack (|ua 3 

.Apeppe pen wa pose > 5 

Wall we Yash Kc Shic . 5 

Tshah Rah Mant iS 

Kah Kou we na i 

An a Mo Sah i 

Mack ata Equa Kaw 8 

No tee Kay 3 

Ne Cole lah quack 3 

Tack Ro Sah 5 

Calumet 3 

Man A Nee i 3 

lyo nay 6 

I Yapp am miss ai I 

Nah sah wah Ray 5 

Pea Shah Kaw 2 

Pait che Kah Shay 3 

Pah we Shic i 

Shah So mat ta 4 

Tshah Ke Mackoo I 

Wah pe Rack ay 6 

Mai a Too Packc 5 

Nesh wah que I 

Paw we Shick 6 

To Ke Casha 6 

Tol Lah Whah I 

Que we we 3 

Mah Whay Tali i 

Kail omac quah 4 



Nail Nah \va Kc hat 4 

Pani me Ko w c ta 5 

Moti a nee 2 

Peat tac qua 3 

Saw Kcm mail 4 

Tsha Kali Maiit i 

Ah Lo Tall 2 

Nac Kose 3 

Tshe cah pay 3 

Pash E Kaw call 6 

Sah Tack 1 

Kal cm p pec 2 

Mesh at Che Qua i 

Pah his .■ 6 

Maiincy co ah I 

Ash ah E qua 2 

Tass Sa Slia Sliik 5 

Nah Ya Shee 3 

Nah quan nat 5 

Ve pe naw 4 

Rap ash call 4 

Kish Ke Kosh i 

Shah quo quat 2 

As hehe way i 

Pal al Nos wa 4 

We yat tsh all cah 4 

Yalo qua 5 

Ot Tshe poi qua 2 

Re Slia sa qua ^ 5 

Ne cal ap pit 2 

Tos .Ah Mon i 

Was Sah Pit i 

Total 2004 



Graphic Description of the Indian Country Before the Whites were Permitted to 
Take Claims — South Ottumwa was at that Time the Scene of a Great 
Camp Ground. 

A. W. Rankin, an honnrecl citizen of Das'is 
countv, was a ycnUh when the early settlement 
of Da\is and Wapello counties was made, but 
he has preserved a vivid recollection of what 
took place ; he has recently contributed two or 
three chapters of his early life to the Dcnns 
Count V I'anncr. frum which \sc make the fol- 
lowing extracts : 

"The writer was sent to ^leek's '\\\\\ or 
Bonajiarte with anniher party, knowing that 
the limit alkjwed each man was hut five bush- 
els. After waiting- nearly a week for my 
turn 1 was told that 1 was too little to claim 
;. turn, and was sent home with my five bush- 
els 1)1 grain unground. But then we would 
not starve with plenty of unground grain, 
l)lentv of fuel to cook with and salt and pork 
lo season with. Yes, and ])lenty of venison, 
wild turkeys, prairie chickens, etc., — the last 
named so plentiful that we often trappctl doz- 
ens of them in a dav, — and wild honey to 

sweeten anxthing. Although the lads went 
to the dance clothed in leather breeches and 
buckskin moccasins, and ladies tripped the light 
fantastic in stocking feet; they were happy 
then as now-. Yes, they exxn courted and mar- 
\ ricd as thev do now, and the affalile preacher 
I or genial squire who tied the knot charged 
al)out the same price then as now, but had to 
take his pay in truck of some kind, usually 
wheat, corn or coon skins. A sheep was gilt- 
edge pav. But sometimes the anxious groom 
would have to stand the preacher off awhile, 
as they do muv. 

"Yes, ]\Ir. Indian often came to n\w houses, 
ate and drank with us, ])arlook of our hospi- 
tality and was very friendly, there being no 
fear on our part, although these same Indians 
( Sac and Fox), under their great leader. Black 
Hawk, had been at war with us less than ten 
years before. 

"The writer helped to Iniild the first school- 



house, also tlie first church, and assisted in 
opening- up tlie first mile nf public road in 
]^a\-is count}-. 'I'his hrst school-house was 
huilt on the site of the settlement now called 
Stringtown or l)o\-er. and was constructed ol' 
logs, with clapboard r(K)f, weighted with logs 
or poles; the puncheon floor was hewed from 
split logs; greased paper was used for part of 
the w indows ; a huge fireplace, large enough to 
take in six-foot wood, was an important fea- 
ture, — the wood being sui)i)lied liy \(iluntary 
■contributions. Seats were made i)y splitting 
small logs in two and sup|X)rting them, with 
the flat side u]), on large ])ins or legs inserted 
in the Iciwer or rnunding side of the seat ; these 
seats were so high that the smaller children 
could scarcely toucii the floor. The door was 
iiiade of split pieces, secured together with 
wooden ])ins, and was hung on wooden hinges, 
not a nail being used in the building. Picture 
these surroundings and then imagine the ap- 
pearance of the teacher, \\'illi;im Oiney, with 
clean hands and face, hair combed straight 
back, and armed with a luige gatl, and you have 
a fair idea of Davis county's first school-room. 
^1le teacher was to receive $15 per month, 
payable in wheat, corn or coon skins. 

"Along in 1841 or 1842 John and Peter 
Marson built the first mill in Davis county, 
aside from the Government mill before spoken 
of. It was about one niile southwest of 
Stringtown on the raging Fox River, and was 
a water-mill, run by horse ])ower. Unft)rtu- 
nately. among the first teams hitclied on nas 
a skittish one, that ran away with the mill. 

i^ i^ if * * * * 

"Now .Start out with us, five men and a 
boy, the writer, U) look at this Indian country, 
all west of where Troy now stands, filled with 
Indians, wild game, bees and honey, if not 
with milk. Near where Drakesville now 
stands we struck the Mormon trail. — a plain 
wagon road made by deluded people fol- 
lowing their leader. Joscjjh Smith, driven by 
exasperated Missourians. wending their lonely 
way, about the year 1838, through this Indian 
territory to found Xauvoo. The road was 
! fjuite plain at this time (March. 1841). We 
' followed this road southwest and crossed Fox 
! River one mile .southwest of where Drakes- 
ville now stands. After going southwest part 
of a day we reversed our course and trax-eled 
toward the other end of this Mormon road, 
going northeast and down by Lick Springs 
and where Floris now stands, finding plenty 
of Indians all along the way, who offered no 
resistance. When nearing the Des Moines 
River the party concluded to visit Keokuk's 
village, an Indian town where now- stands 
South Ottumwa. This Indian village con- 
tained a population sui)posed to numln^r about 
2.000 inhabitants. 

"We nxle our horses into the river and 
w atered at the head of a large island, the south 
side being the main and steamboat channel, 
now dry farming or garden land. We con- 
tinued back through the Indian village and still 
further south to their Ijurial ground, which 
interested me more than any other feature 
about the place. There the virtues of tlic de- 
parted were pictured upon rude posts or slabs, 
— T tiiink some of these were of cedar, hut most 



of thfiii were of more perisliable wood, that 
certainly cciuhl imt last more tlian twenty 
years. l>ut updii these post or slabs were 
painted in unmistakable signs by loving hands 
the great merits or deeds of tlie one (piietly 
resting beneath, for almost all were Ijuried 
beneath the sod in this particular burying 

"Some paintings showed the decea.sed in 
the act of slipping up on a lone deer and shoot- 
ing it with liiiw and arrow, others wrestling 
with a bear or buffalo, while some of the dead 
were represented as being carried from a great 
distance as the rising or setting sun. Oth.ers 
told the story, '1 killed my white man ; see his 
scalp in niv hand," or '1 killetl my Sioux In- 
dian,' the unmistakable delineation of the fea- 
tures of the Sioux or Pawnee face telling the 
tribe. So these pictures told the story of the 
dead without using a single letter of our alpha- 
bet as certainly as the sculptured chiseling upon 
the Egyptian tombs of Kameses or Thothmes, 
made before Cadmus invented letters. 

"This Indian village seemed to me. a boy 
as I was, to be back from the ri\er nearly a 
mile, from which tliey were hauling water 
in neatly-dressed skins of animals, hung be- 
tween two long poles, one on each side of their 
horses. ] should judge that a horse would 
haul as nnich as a barrel of water at a time. 
I wondered why they did not build their town 
near the water instead of at a distance that re- 
quired them to haul their water. This pro- 
cedure, however, was a military necessity, for 
a foe forming under the cover of the river 
bank might annihilate the town at short range, 

while to charge across an open plain for a mile 
would be quite another thing. 

"These Indians (Sac and Fox) were as 
well, if not better, armed as any of the Indians 
of the whole Northwest or upper Mississippi 
\alley. P.ut their longest range guns — tlint- 
I lock rilles — could not reach more than a hun- 
dred yards or two hundred yards at the most. 
A gun, bow and arrow, tomahawk and scalp- 
ing knife, with a little paint, was the full out- 
fit of a w arrior. 

".\s some who read this mav ne\er ha\e 
seen an Indian, I will say that almost all the 
tribes inhabiting the upper Mississippi \allcy 
were quite similar in color, stature, etc., while 
to the i)racticed eve there was difference 
enough to notice. They were all copper-col- 
ored, high cheek-boned, with little or no beard 
and with but little hair on the head, straight 
and rather tall, had little to say to us, and were 
stoical and indifferent to passing events. 
They were clad in a breech clout, surmounted 
with a heavy woolen blanket of civilized manu- 
facture, often very greasy and dirty, and this 
clothing was used by men and women alike. 
Their f(X)d was dirty and filthy in the extreme. 
This picture 1 think will apply to all the tribes 
of the upper Mississippi valley, Init not to the 
Sioux nor to those farther west, and I will say 
that T ha\-e seen some of nearly all the tribes 
of the central portion of North America. 

"All, or nearly all, these Indians were 
lazy, dirty and filthy in camp and tramp, the 
men leading an easy, indolent life on foot or 
horse])ack, while the female portion of the 
comnnmity showed every sign of care, can- 



"lUu I will return to our Keokuk \'illa.i;c 
in 1S41, where now stands South ()ttuniwa, 
1901. Keokuk was cliiet, but 1 do not recol- 
lect seeing him nor Chief Appanoose nor Che- 
ciuest. But I think Hard l-'ish, tlie war chief. 
was there. I'lack Jlawk, the noted warrior 
and statesman. h;id died ahout two and a half 
years before, and was buried near lowaxille. 
But vandal wliite hands had carried away his 
body, and not one of his bones can he found 
to-dav, Ills skeleton having been consumed to 

tion and drudgery, performing all the work in 
the camp, whether in the village or in the coim- 
try. Crouchetl in the tent, the saddle, or hold- 
ing on to the dear little ones with the \igil of 
a mother, countenance dejected, the Indian 
women seemed worthy of pity; they had a 
bountiful supply of thick, long, dowing black 
hair, occasionalh' conilied in a rude manner 
with their lingers. This is a fair picture of the 
Indi.ans of the u])per Mississippi \alle\'. 

ashes about the year 1840, through the burn- 
ing of a building in I'urlington, Iowa, where 
it was secreted. 

"Many of the houses of this village had 
an upper story, reached by steps or notches cut 
in jogs or poles, and all the houses were cov- 
j ered with bark peeled from trees in sucii an 
ingeitious m'anner that we sckju learned to imi- 
tate their ex.'uuple and to cover our own houses 
and porches in the same way. 

"\ow as I walk down those long and bcau- 
lifr.l streets in South Ottumwa. crowded with 
,'i busv throng, and 1 stop to ([uench my thirst 
from the clear, cool water just from the well, I 
inwardly ask myself is this water drained oflf 
those p(jor savages buried here in my day as 
well as centuries l)efor.e? Tlien it was war and 
hate; now, I trust, it is lo\e and peace and 
I good will on e.arth." 

j It is a pleasure to rescue the above fresh 

[ and charming descrii)tion and place it where 
, it will be preserved for future generations. 



Description of the County's Physical Features Before the Advent of the Set- 
tlers — Recollections of Old Settlers — Extracts from an Address Made by 
Judge Hendershott. 

All the lands ikjw included in Wapello 
county were open, unoccupied and awaiting 
ownership in the year 1843, \vhen the Govern- 
ment remoxed restrictions, opened the gates 
and jjid the settlers to come forward and 
choose farms for themselves! It was a great 
heritage that came to these men of aihenture, 
who had pushed forward tcj the horders of civ- 
ilization on the heels of the departing Indians. 
It was land that had lain unstirred hy the plow 
from the date of creation, and was rich heyond 
all ordinary measure; the Indians did not jire- 
tend to utilize it except on the hottoms, where 
their squaws would stir up the ground with a 
rude hoe, plant a few hills of corn and beans 
and gather small crops at their convenience or 
as their wants demanded; the great body of 
land had ne\-er yielded anything but the spon- 
taneous products of tlie soil, ^^'e do not suffi- 
ciently realize what a grand inheritance this 
was that had been kept in a state of nature for 

so many centuries for the use of the first set- 
tlers ! 

The site of Ottumwa and the surrounding 
country was beautiful and picturesque; all the 
land on the north side of the river at an early 
period was covered with a dense growth of 
forest trees; all the blulTs, that are now tra\'- 
ersed by streets, some of which are paved, 
were thickly studded with oak. elm and hick- 
ory trees; the low places, or tiats, near the 
river bank were ox'ergrow n either with tall 
]u'airie grass or by thickets of haw, plum or 
hazel brush. On what is now ^ifain street 
there were \'arious ponds that were made the 
resort of wild fowl in the proper season, and on 
the south side of the river, on the site of what 
is now known as South Ottumwa, there was a 
I beautiful plain covered with grass; on the 
heights beyond South Ottumwa there was a 
thick body of "timber" or forest trees and a 
dense growth of underbrush. 



There was no lack of game in the days 
before tlie white man came; tliere were herds 
of Ijuffalo ranging on t!ie i)rairies and connt- 
less lierds of deer and eli< ranging between 
Ottumwa and liddyville. In the forest there 
were wild turkeys in great numbers, on the 
prairies and near the groves were prairie chick- 
ens. Occasionally a black bear would waddle 
down to the ri\er and then go Ijack to its den 
in the woods. This is a ])icture of the county 
and its natural conditions prior to the aihent 
of the white man, when the wild animals and 
the wild men were the only occu]iants of the 
soil, 'i'his is the ])icture as descriiied by old 
Jim Jordan, wlio was a trader at Iowa\ille in 
the days when Black Hawk was still alive and 
after he gained his great \ictory over the 
lowas a few miles below Eldon. This is the 
picture as described 1)\' army officers, who. with 
their dragoons, occasionally scouted the coun- 
try between this place and the Raccoon Forks. 
It was this wild but beautiful country that in- 
vited the adventurous settler to a home, on the 
first day of May, 1H4:;. I5efore night of that 
day there were not less than 2.000 persons ac- 
tually inhabiting the county. The most of 
these had been squatted along the line of the 
county, in Jefferson county, preparatory to 
passing into \\'a])ello as soon as midnight ar- 
rived. The greater part of these early set- 
tlers were engaged the last half of the night 
of the 30th of .\])ril and the ist of May, 1843, 
in marking out their claims. This was done 
by setting stakes in the prairie and blazing 
trees in the timber. These claims embraced 
from 80 to 320 acres each. 

.\s might be expected, the work of locating 
and defining these claims, much of it being 
done in the night, was very inartistically done. 
Many of the boundary lines were crooked, dis- 
j(jinted and encroached the one upon the other. 
This inevitably led to many disturbances 
called "claim difficulties." It must be (piitc 
apparent that these ditificulties must find some 
peaceable means of afljustment. To meet this 
necessity the earlier inhabitants organized what 
were called "Claim Committees." .\ claim, 
when bona fide made and held, w as as sacredly 
protected as are homes and lands of the pres- 
ent inhabitants. Tlie judgment of these 
crudelv organized, though necessary, tribunals 
were enforced by summary process. This 
process was generally a jilain. written state- 
ment of the opinion of the "Claim Committee." 
setting forth the right of the injured party 
and the wrong complained of, and an order to 
the wrongdoer to abide by and submit to the 
judgment of the court, in default of which the 
power of the county was invoked to carry out 
and enforce, on the spot, the judgment. From 
the judgment of these "Claim Committees" 
there was no apjieal or stay of execution. 

In the year 1874 Hon. H. B. Hendersl^tt. 
who was himself one of tlie early settlers and 
the first clerk of the District Court, was in- 
vited to deliver an address at a meeting of the 
Old Settlers' .VsstKiation. That address has 
' never been equaled by any similar effort, and, 
inasmuch as it containc<l the truth of history, 
it would not be w ise to do anything else than 
to draw largely from it rather than to attempt 
to iiuprove upon it. It is a valuable historical 



production and should he inserted entire in 
tliese pages, but space will not permit. W'e, 
therefore, quote that which seems indisi>en- 
sahle in making a complete record of import- 
ant events that have trausjjired since the first 

Judge Hender.shott, in the course of his ad- 
dress, said : "Among the very earliest settlers 
in the countv of Wapello are the fullnwing; 
In Competine township. J(ise])h Leighton (la- 
ther of A. C. Leighton). Mahlon Wright. 
Jesse Scott, Dr. Lewis. Alexander Smith and 

"In Pleasant township, George Harmon. 
John Henderson. James Hill, John Murray, 
John Huffstutter, James T. Coleman, Lewis 
F. Temple. George Hanna. Thomas Larwood, 
Samuel AIcGee, Thomas Brumsy (father of 
Samuel Brumsy, Esq.), ]\Ianley Blanchard, 
John Philips, Calvin Carson, Hiram Fisher 
John McDowell and Templin McDowell. 

"In .\gency township, James Weir (sub- 
secpiently Judge of Probate, and father of Dr. 
Weir, of Agency City). James Stevens. 
Charles F. Harrow, S. S. Dwire. William H. 
Cogswell. Joseph Myers, Maj. John Beach, 
William B. Street, Alexander Street, J. H. D. 
Street (sons of Gen. Street, the Indian agent), 
Reuben Myers, Jesse Brookshire and H. B. 

* * * 5|! * * * 

'Tn Washington township, John Priest, 
Gideon flyers. Joseph H. Flint, S. M. W'right, 
Silas Garrison, Thomas Ping, James Acton. 
John Acton, L. A. IMyers, G. D. La Force, 

Joseph Hayne, Demps Griggsby, Thomas Fos- 
ter, Daniel Dennison and Green B. Sa\ery. 

"in Keokuk township: Joseph Mclntire, 
Seth Ogg, William C. Mclntire, J. J. Seaman, 
Benjamin Young, William Kendrick, Robert 
H. I vers, Curtis Knight, Jesse Wallace and 

"In tireen township were: 1). H. Michael 
(once sheriff of the county and now member 
of the board of supervisors), Benjamin Baum. 
I Richard Jackson, Ezekiel Rush. Benjamin 
Powell, Isham Iligdt)n and A. J. Redenbaugh 
( once clerk of the board of county commis- 
sioners, a good officer and honest man). 

"Passing on around to Adams township, 
we find: James F. Adams (for whom the 
township is called), Theophilus Blake, Cyrus 
Van Clea\e, Lawson Bradley, the Brocks, 
Drapers, Ralstons and others. 

"In the western ])art of the county, tlien 
not organized into townships as now, were: 
Joseph Gardner, Moses Baker, Frank Bates, 
James Sales, Abram Butin, Samuel Webb. 
Bird Pritchett, Xoah Doffleiueyer. Lewis ]\Iy- 
ers, George F. Myers, L. L. Denn\-, L. Stump, 
Samuel Bush, J. P. Eddy, John Kavanaugh, 
.■\bner Overman, James Baker, Walter Clem- 
ent, William R. Ross, Joseph Roberts. Stephen 
Roberts, Lorenzo Roberts, William Black, 
Richard Butcher, Henry Segur, ]\lichael 
\Velch and D. Campljell. 

"In Richland township: T. M. Kirkpat- 
rick. Dr. Kirkpatrick, David W'hitcomli, John 
Baker. J. G. Baker (Uncle (iurley. y<iu know), 
Isaac Fisher. William Brim, Tames B. Wright, 



Julin I). Bevcns. tlie Mc(ilassnns. A. (. Spur- 
luck, jdhii Kii'kpatrick. William .'s.. Winsell, 
Joiiii M. Spurgeoii, Hugh i'.rown (once a clerk 
of the District Court ami always a g-ood citi- 
zen), Thomas Mardesty, Hill and Hayliss. 

"Jn Highland township: J. \\'. Carpenter, 
George Godfrey, William h'.xans, James West, 
Jedediah Scott, William Harris, Washington 
Williams, George ixobinson. James \'an Wiii- 
kle, M. W. McChesney. 

"In I )ahlonega township: Ji;sei}h 11. Hcd- 
rick, Peter Kitterman. Klias Kitterman. Mar- 
tin KiKintz. James Woody, W. I!. Woodv, 
LJenjamin Brattain, Jelui .Moore, X. 1). Ivarl, 
X. H. Gates, T*eter While, John and Joseph 
Kite, .\lvin Lewis, Jolni W. Caldwell, Lewis 

"In Center township: James M. Teck, 
Farnum Whitcomb. Richard Fisher. J. C. 
Fisher, Peter Fisher, Henry Huffman, Xa.son 
Roberts, John Alexander. Reuben R. Harper, 
J. M. Montgomery (settled out north), Phi- 
lester Lee, John Clark. James Langsliore, Dr. 
Hackleman, Thomas }1. Wells, Jerry Smith. 
Sr., and Clark Williams in the eastern part of 
the township ; Dr. C. C. Warden. Hugh 
George. William Dewey, Paul C. Jeffries, Da- 
vid Glass, David Hall, Rev. B. A. Spaulding, 
S. S. X'orris, Sewell Kinney, David P. Smith, 
John Myers, David Armstrong, H. P. Graves. 
William H. Galbraith, Levi Buckwaiter in Ot- 
tumwa ; Jink Vassar, George D. Hackworth, 
Arthur Eakins, Amnion Shawl, John Over- 
man on tlie soutli side of the river ; John C. 
Evans, Thomas Reveal, John Humphrey, Syl- 
vester Warner, Paris Caldwell, G. A. Roemer. 

William Harris, William Crawford, Alexan- 
der Crawford, Thomas Crawfcjrd, Xathaniel 
Bell in the western part of the township. 

"Hut I cannot tarry longer to name all 
those who first settled in the county. Xor can 
I take up your time with biographical sketches 
of those named ; suffice it to say that a nobler 
set of men. of large hearts, of generous im- 
pulses and true courage, never lived. .\nd 
I when 1 call to nnnd the many times I have 
I shared your hospitality, old settlers, have been 
sheltered by your humble rcKjfs. and protected 
from the ])itiless prairie storms and parching 
j summer suns — when 1 look back and am re- 
minded of the many kind friends 1 have found 
in you when I was but a youth, poor and a 
stranger in a wild, strange land. I would not 
if I could, and cannot if I would, suppress that 
'God bless you' which springs up in mv heart 
made glad at meeting you this day. Poverty, 
adversity and pluck brought us together in the 
i olden times; a happy present and ho])eful fu- 
ture ha\e brought us together to-day. .\nd 
while our main purpose in this reunion is to 
talk over the early days and to rejoice together, 
I must l>e pardoned if I tarry in the shades of 
the lamented dead, and with you shed a tear 
on their venerated graves. John Humi)lireys, 
Joseph Leighton, George Harman, Lewis F. 
Temple, John Huffstufter, James Weir, James 
Stephens, S. S. Dwire. William H. Coggswell, 
Joseph Mclntire. Robert H. Ivers, Curtis 
Knight. Benjamin Bauni, Theophilus Blake, 
.\braham Butin, Abner Overman, Charles 
Overman, Walter Clement, Michael Welch. 
Willi.nn r.lnck. Jolni B.ikcr. Isaac Fisher, 



James B. Wright, Jolm D. Bevans, A. J. Spur- 
lock, William I{\aiis, Jedediah Scott, Richard 
Fisher, Rev. B. A. Spauldiiis', S. S. Xorris, 
Jerry Smith, John Priest, Jdlm C. Evans, 
Jolm Myers and A. I). Whipple — these among 
the early settlers. And coming down a little 
later, Aaron Harlan, Albert INludge, James 
Hawley, A. D. Wood. Nathan Tindall, John 
Stout, .James H. Nosier, James Gray, William 
Lotspeich, James I). De\in, Thomas Devin, 
Charles F. Blake, Sr.. John Myers, Thomas 
C. Coffin, Thomas C. Ogden. William Ham- 
mond, Allen M. Bonnifield and Capt. C. C. 
Cloutman cannot be forgotten. 

"In naming- the earlier settlers in the dif- 
ferent parts of the county, it \\ill be seen tiie 
list (Icies not embrace those who have been in 
the county only twenty-five or thirty years. 
M}' ]nn'pose is to mention only those who came 
in on the heels of tlie (Ic])arting Indian, and, 
of course, I have omitted very nian\- who were 
of the first to reach the county. 

".\s the Indian took up his march toward 
the setting sun, you, old settlers, more favored 
than he, came in from the east. Many of you 
\\ho are here to-dav were here to see the red 
men of the forest, with their scjuaws and 
papooses, draw their lilankets in sadness 
around their naked forms and with sullen and 
reluctant march take up their way to the set- 
ting sun and gi\-e way to the more favored 
wards of the Government. 

"The inquiry may arise in the minds of 
many whi5 are rejoicing with us to-day, how 
the first settlers provided the necessaries of life 
during their first season, as thev came on the 

1st of Ma}-, and fo.und mithing but a wild, un- 
cultivated country. Hard enough! But there 
were fewer necessaries needed then than now ; 
the in\entory of necessaries was exceedingly 
brief. We had not then learned the lesson 
of extravagance. .\ i)one of corn-ljread, a 
slice of I'at meat, spiced with its own gravv. 
furnished a most gracious and palatable re- 
past. ]\Iany and many is the happy meal, old 
settlers, you have taken under your humble 
roof, ))repareil b_\- your cheerful and constant 
wives and daughters (God bless them!) of 
nothing but bread and meat. 

"Then there were no mills in the coinit\-. 
Vou bad to go to distant mills to get \-onr Hour 
and meal. Some went to Moffit's mill, oi-i 
Skunk River, at .Vugusta. in 13es Moines 
county, 73 or 80 miles distant; others went to 
Meek's mill, in Vai-i P.uren county. 40 or 50 
n-iiles : some went to one place and some to 
another. Soi-i-ie used an < ild farmer's coffee- 
mill with which to grind their buckwheat for 
cakes. Peter Kittern-ian has one of these 
mills, and prr.mised to bring it in to-dav so 
that I could show \-ou the ver\- mill, but he 
neglected to do so, informing me that his most 
excellent wife would not consent because no 
one would give credit to the story. But you 
who know Peter Kitterman know that when 
he says anything it is true. 

"Six and eight days were frcQuently spent 
in these i-i-iilling trips; and when you returned 
with meal and flour and found any of your 
neighbors destitue you sent them word to come 
and get of your store. Yours were generous 
hearts and open hands. No destitution was 



pcnnitlcd in your rcsi)cctivc iiciglibdrlioods 
tiiat you CDuId prevent, "i'uu were Ihen all 
partners; what one had the others owned. 
These were cordial, generuns, happy days — no 
selfishness, no exchision. ^'on. old men and 
aged women, will rcmemher when your last 
pound of meat, your last peck of meal or bushel 
of potatoes was generously di\i(led with \iiur 
needy neighbors. 

"I have thus far spoken of the men of the 
olden times, of the wild and earlv tla\-s of 
\\'a])ello. 1 must not. 1 cannot, forget the 
mothers and \\i\es ;ni<l daughters of those 
days. The cheerfulness, joy and grace with 
which they made these wild and crude homes 
hajipy are not forgotten, ^'ou, who in better 
days and more abundant lands had \-o\\ed to 
love, honor and obev, did not, in your hard and 
rugged homes, forgot those vows. 

"\'ou, like those noble men whose ambi- 
tion and pluck brought them west, stood erect 
in that loft)' womanhood which makes \'<ju 
helpmeets indeed, and adds glory to your se.\. 
Never he^'.rd to murmur at the fate which 
brought you lierc — God bless you for the good 
you have done and tlie many kind offices you 
ha\'e filled and pass \-ou in \dur advanced and 
declining years in joy to the close! 

"\\'ai>ello county, which liad I)een attached 
to Jefferson county, was organized in 1844. 
Tlie territorial legislature passed an act, ap- 
proved February 13, 1844, the first section of 
which declares: "That the county of Wapello 
be and tlie same is hereby organized from and 
after the ist day of March ne.xt' (March r, 
1844). This act declared that the clerk of the 

District Court of the county, aided in- the sher- 
iff of tlie county (this iatttr officer appointed 
by the act itself), should be the organizing 
officers. The duty of the clerk (lie who now 
addresses youj was to appoint the judges and 
clerks of election; fi.\ the places of voting; re- 
ceive, open and canvass the returns; declare 
the result, and issue certificates of election. 
James M. Peck, who is yet among us, an hon- 
ored, worthy and inlluential citizen of the 
county, residing some two miles north of Ot- 
tuniwa. was the sheriff whose duty it was to 
post notices of the time and places of holding 
the election, deliver to the judges and clerks 
the poll books, etc. 

"The first election was held April i, i<S44. 
The judges were: David P. Smith, Peter 
Barnett. Jacob Daily, Alvin Lewis, Xason 
Roberts, Lewis Cobler, James T. Coleman, 
John HufTstetter, James Acton. William Mil- 
ler, Willoughby Randolph, William R, Ross, 
Jonathan Davis, William C. Mclntire, John 
W. Caldwell, J. P. J'.ddy. James Weir. Jeffer- 
son Redman, Daniel Dennison, James Bmlierd. 
Josiah C. Boggs, Xelson Wescoatt. X. B. Pres- 
ton, John Miller. William Kendrick. Robert 
H. hers. James I", .\dams. Ciamaliel Belknap, 
Lawson Bradley, Reuben Myers. Denips 
Griggsby. Malilon Wright, .\lexandcr B. 
Smith and Joseph Leighton. The clerks were: 
W'illiam A. Iloughland, A. C. Logan. James 
R. Fisher. James Hilton. Thomas Wright, X. 
D. Earl, William S. Campbell. Hiram Lam- 
bert. Thomas J. Linnard. William B. Street. 
William X'ewell. George Wilson, Samuel T- 
Warden. Lewis Keiiney, David F. Parrott^ 



George H. Gow, James P. Bradley, Thomas 
Ping, R. V. Holcomb, Joseph M\ers. Jonathan 
Hodson and Curtis Knight. 

"At tliis first election James M. Montgom- 
ery, Lewis F. Temple and Charles F. Harrow- 
were elected county commissioners; Charles 
Overman, commissioners' clerk; Paul C. Jef- 
fries, judge of probate; Joseph Hayne, sher- 
iff; James Caldwell, assessor; Thomas Foster, 
treasurer: .Mihon J. Spurlock. recorder; Hugh 
George, surveyor, with a goodly number of 
justices and constables. 

"For some time after the county was first 
settled the inhabitants in the southeast part 
got their mail matter from Kensauqua ; those 
in this and most other parts of the county got 
their mail from Fairfield, \^'e generally sent 
down a special messenger for our mail once 
each week. H we could hear from \\'ashing- 
ton once in two weeks we felt that we were 
especiallv fortunate in getting news so ([uickly. 
News which we recei\cd from \\'ashington 
was more usually three weeks than two in 
reaching us; and, if 1 am not mistaken, our 
news from Europe was from four to six 
months in reaching us ; and as for news from 
any other part of the world, that was never 
looked for. 

"On an examination of a very ancient rec- 
ord I find the following entry, and I can vouch 
for its correctness, for I made it myself." 
[Here was exhibited about half a quire of very 
common foolscap paper, stitched together with 
white thread and covered with a very coarse of piper, as the first record book fur- 
nished bv the United States, in which to enter 

the proceedings of the court, from which was 
read :] 

And now. on this day, to wit, the l(!th of September, 
A. D, 1844, the day on which, according to law, the District 
Court of the United States, within and for the county of 
Wapello, and Territory of Iowa, was to have begun and 
held its first or September term, at the court house, in the 
county-seat of said county. There being no judge pr333nt, 
the time for the commencement of said court is adjourned 
until !) o'clock tomorrow morning. 

Tue.sday morning. 9 o'clock, SsptembarlT. IStl. — And 
now on this day there yet being no judge present, the time 
for the commencement of said court is further adjourned 
until tomorrow morning. 

And now, on this day to-wit ; Wednesday. September 
18, 1844, being the adjourned day for the beginning of the 
September term of the District Court of the United States, 
for the county of Wapello and Territory of Iowa. Present, 
the Hon. Charles Mason, Judge, 

[Here follows an entry showing the or- 
ganization of a grand jury as uell on the part 
of the United States as the Territt ry of Iowa.] 

"Thus we have, on th.e iSih day of Sep- 
tember, 1844. a District Court opened, botli 
on the part of the Territory of Iowa, to ad- 
minister the laws of the Territorx-, and on the 
part of the United States to administer the 
laws of Congress. 

"This court was opened and held in a log 
house situated on the lot where the First Na- 
tional Bank of Ottumwa now stands. The 
first judicial act which the court did after its 
organization had been completed, as shown by 
the record, is the following: 

Josiah Smart, .'Vgent, who sues for the use of S. S. 
Phelps vs. Elias Orton, assumpsit. Damages. $.'500. And 
now. on this day, this case came up for hearing. Where- 
upon, by the consent of parties, it is ordered by the court 
here that this case be dismissed at the cost of defendant, 
taxed at 87.02 '4'. 

"I find, on looking over the record, the first 



jury trial Iiad in tlie court was in ilie case of 
James Woody vs. Denips Griggsby; verdict 
for defendant. 

"J. C. Hail, of Burlington: 1. W. Lewis 
and James H. Cowles, of l\.eosau<|ua ; George 
i\]ay and \\\ H. Galbraith. of Ottumwa, are 
shown to iiave been in attendance as attorneys 
of the cciurl. On the last dav of the term I 
presented to the court my resignation in 
writing of the office of clerk, and thereupon 
John \V. Ross, Esq., was appointed. The 
law, as it then stood, conferred upon tiie judge 
of the court the power to appoint his own 
clerk. Judge Mason had conferred the ap- 
pointment upon me, but with the express un- 
derstanding that an election should be held, 
and that the candidate receiving the highest 
riumher of votes should have the office. 

"Jt may be a matter of interest to know 
who preached the first sermon in the county. 
I have sought in vain to ascertain this fact 
with certainty. The honor lies between J. H. 
D. Street, Joseph II. Flint, Silas Garrison, 
T. M. Kirkpatrick, Milton Jamison. B. A. 
Spaulding and Joel Arrington. I think, how- 
ever, that the palm must be borne off by T. M. 
Kirkpatrick, of the Methodist Episcopal 
church, who, as I am informed by Seth Ogg, 
preached on the Keokuk ])rairie. im the south 
side of the river, just below Ottumwa, in an 
Indian wigwam, made of bark, early in 1843 — 
just at what time Mr. Ogg could not inform 
me. I know that B. A. Spaulding. of the 
Congregational church, a good citizen, kind 
neighbor, honest man, al)le preaciier and most 
e.xemplary Christian, preached in 1843 at 

Agency City and Ottumwa, Init at what time 
I have not ascertained. He, JKnvever, preaciied 
in a log cabin where Cnion Block now stands, 
and Kirkpatrick preached in an Indian wig- 
wam made of bark. 1 think the |)re.sumption 
is in favor of Rev. Mr. Kirkpatrick, of tiie 

|.Mr. Spaulding came in Xovembcr, 1S43. 
Mr. Kirk])atrick preached the first sermon. — 

"I have endeavored to a.scertain who taught 
the first school in the ci/unty. 'J'he credit lies 
between Ezekicl Rush, now living on the soutii 
side of the river, and .Mr. Tansey. who taught 
a school at Dahloncga, with the i)resumption 
in favor of Mr. Rush. 

"Sabbath-schools were organized at an 
early day at Agency City, Eddyville, Ottum- 
wa, Dahlonega and some other jjoints. I 
think, from the most reliable information re- 
ceived, that the one organized at the house of 
Rev. W". A. Xve, near where Chillicothe now 
stand.s, in June, 1845, '"ainly through the 
efforts of G. F. Myers, was the first Sabbath- 
school organized in the county. There was 
one organized in Dahlonega in 1846, with L 
W. Iledrick as superintendent, assisted by X. 
H. Gates and J. H. (iiven. 

"The first death in the county of which I 
liave an account was tliat of Miss Mary Ann 

j Hall, who died in the summer of 1843; •"'♦l 
the first birth was that of ^[a^y .Ann Smith, 

; daughter of David P. Smith, early in 1843. 
[This is correct as far as it relates to the actual 

: settlers. On the authority of Major Reach, 
we give the first death as that of General 



Street, and tlie first birth as that of William 
Street Beach, son of the Major.] 

"The first young lady wlio settled in Ot- 
tumwa was Samantha Shaffer, in honor of 
wilt mi the street of that name in ( )ttum\\a was 
calletl. She was not, ho\ve\er, the hrst young 
lady who came to the count}-, as I can myself 
aver and pro\-e; for 1 knuw that James Weir, 
Paul C. Jeffries. William Brim. James B. 
\\'right and Josei)h Mclntire hrciught a be\'v 
of interesting daughters w ith them to the coun- 
ty in May, 1843, '"' ^'"-''"y ■'^""" thereafter. 

"The first instnnnenl nf any kind recorded 
in the c< unity is a lease from Charles I". Har- 
r(_>w ti) his sim-in-law, Jesse Brnokshirc. of the 
Baker farm, one mile east of Agency, in con- 
sideration of $79.50, and that the family of 
said Harrow should li\-e with ami form a part 
of said Brookshire's family, and he supported 
1)y him until December 20. 1844. This paper 
was acknowledged before Green B. Savery, 
justice of the peace, witnessed by George May, 
and is dated April 29, 1844. 

"The lirst mortgage which a])pears on rec- 
ord, is one from Joseph McMullen to J. P. 
Eddy & Compau}-, on a half section of land 
lying on Gray's Run, in Kishkekosh county, 
now Monroe. This mortgage was given to 
secure the pa\'ment of S50, in one year, and 
contained the usual co\-enants of warrant}'. 
It would seem that lands in those days were 
not esteemed very \aluable when a mortgage 
■was required on a half section to secure $50. 
The only interest which McAIullen could then 
have had in the land was a claim right, al- 
though he warranted tiie title. 

"The book of original entries shows that 
the persons who first accjuired titles to lands 
from the United States in the count\- were 
James Longshore, who purchased, September 
J 6, 1844, lots 6, 7 and 8 and the northeast 
quarter of the northeast quarter of section 4, 
township 71, range 13, and John Caldwell, 
who purchased on the same day the east half of 
the northeast quarter of section 25. township 
7-. range 13. 

"The hrst physician who settled in the 
county was either Dr. C. C. \\'arden. Dr. F. 
W. Taylor or Dr. C. W. Phelps. .M}- im- 
pression is that Dr. Warden ma}- justl}- claim 
that distinction. He came in 1843. Though 
young, he was skillful and attentive, and he is 
now honorable and fair as a merchant in Ot- 

"The first lawyer who settled in the county 
was William H. Galbraith. Dewey. Burkhal- 
ter. May and Chapman were close after Gal- 
braith. Then, ver\- sotm, came Ives, Baker, 
Allison and myself. Then Jones. Colonel 
Summers. Brumfield, Lane and I)e\in. 

"It is fitting that in mentioning the early 
immigrants to the cc>unt\- I should not forget 
the Ottiiur.^'a Cnurirr and Dcs Moines Repub- 
lic. The Cmirier was the first newspaper pub- 
lished in the count}-. The first number is dated 
August 8, 1848, and it was then called 7'he 
Des Moines Courier, and was iniblishcd b}- 
Joseph H. D. Street and R. Id. Warden. If 
there is one jiaper in this whole country that 
has, more than any other, advocated \\'hi.g and 
Republican princi])les, the Courier is that pa- 



per. W'liclhei" uiulcr the control of its found- 
ers, Street & Warden, or under the control of 
that veteran, J. W. Xorris, or Cieneral lled- 
riek and Major Hamilton, or Hamilton & 
\\'arden, we al\va\s know where to find the 
Courier on political issues. Through the re- 
verses of W'higgery and Republicanism, and 
in the triunij)]! of its part\- in count}'. State and 
natiiin, it has always been able to get out the 
\cry biggest rooster in the land. At all times, 
and under all its proprietors, it has wielded an 
influence in the State of no mean proportions. 
The opposition always felt its blows. 

"The Dcs Moines Republic was started by 
James Baker, but at just what time I do not 
know ; not, however, until some years after tlie 
Courier. The Republic was merged into ihe 

Deiiiocnilic Mercury, E. L. & S. H. Burton 
jjroprietors, the former being editor. The 
lorcible and sjjicy pen of the Mercury's editor, 
E. L. Burton, made that i)aper (jnc of the best 
in southern Iowa. 

"The Mercury was succecdetl by the Cop- 
perliecid, \\hich passed under tlie control of S. 
II. I*".\ans. and is nnw published and edited by 
liini under the old name of Democrat. Tlie 
able pen of Mr. livans has placed his i)aper as 
one of the best in the State. Other papers, 
have been and still are publishel in the county, 
but as it is not my purpose to speak of modern 
things, I will not refer to them. I will, how- 
j ever, state that no county in the State has bet- 
ter papers than Wapello." 



'The Methods of the First Settlers i\ Selecting Claims — The Cabins which 
WERE Their Rude Homes — Dietary of the Settlers. 

Tn choosing liis home, the pioneer usually 
had an eye mainly to its location, and for that 
reason settlers were oftener than not very soli- 
tary creatures, witlmut neighbors and remote 
from even the common conveniences of life. A 
desirable region was sure to have plenty of in- 
liabitants in time, but it was the advance guard 
that suffered the privation of isolation. Peo- 
l)le within a score of miles of each other were 
neighbors, and the natural social tendencies of 
mankind asserted themselves even in tlie wil- 
da-ness by efforts to keep up communication 
with even these remote families. 

The first business of a settler on reaching 
the place where he intended to fix his residence, 
was to select his claim and mark it off as nearly 
as he could without a compass. This was done 
bv step]iing and staking (jr blazing the lines as 
lie went. Tiie absence of section lines rendered 
it necessary to take the sun at noon and at 
evening as a guide by which tn run these claim 
lines. So many steps each way c muted 320 

i acres, more or less, the then legal area of a 
claim. It may be readily supposed that these 
lines were far from correct, Ijut they answered 
all necessary claim pur])oses, for it was under- 
stood among the settlers that when the lands 
came to be surveyed and entered, all inequalities 
should be righted. Thus, if a su.rveyed line 
shoukl hripi)en to run lietween adjoining claims, 
cutting off more or less of the other, the frac- 
tion was to be added to whichever lot required 
equalizing, yet without robbing the one from 
which it was taken, for ar. equal amount would 
be added to it in another place. 

The next in'portant business was to Iniild a 
house. Until this was done some had to camp 
on tlie ground or live in their wagons, perhaps 
the only slieltcr they had known for weeks. 
So t!ie ])rospect for a house, which was also to 
be home, was one that gave courage to the 
rough toil, and added a zest to the heavy labors. 
The style of the home entered very little into 
their thoughts — it was slicker the\- wanteil, and 



protecticjii from stress ot wcatlicr and wearing; 
exposure. The poor settler liad ncillifr tlie 
money nor the meclianical appliances for build- 
ing himself a lK)use. lie was content, in most 
instances, to have a mere cabin or hut. Some 
of the most jirimitive constructions of this kind 
were half- faced, or as they were sometimes 
called "cat-faced" sheds or "wickiups," the In- 
dian term for house or tent. It is true, a claim 
cabin was a little more in the shape of a 
human habitation, made, as it was, of round 
logs light enough for two or three men to la\ 
up, about 14 feet scpiarc — ])erliaps a litlle larger 
or smaller — roofed with bark or clapboards, 
and sometimes with the scjds of the prairie : and 
floored with ]nincheons (logs split once in two, 
and the llat sides laid up), or with earth, l-'or 
a tire])lace, a wall of stone ,'ind earth — frequent- 
ly the latter only, when stone was not con- 
venient — was nuule in the best practicable 
sluipe for the ])urpose, in an opening in one 
end of the l)uilding, extending outward, and 
planked on the outside by bolts of wood 
notched together to stay it. l"r apiently a fux- 
place of this kind was made so ca])aeious as to 
occupy nearly the whole width of tlie In 
cold weather, when a great deal of fuel was 
needed to keep tlie atmosphere above freezing 
ix>int — for this wide-mouthed fireplace was a 
huge ventilator — large logs were piled into this 
yawning space. To protect the crumbling back 
wall against the effects of fire, two back logs 
were placed against it, one upon the other. 
Sometimes these back logs were so large that 
they could not be got in in any other way than 
to hitch a horse to them, dri\e him in at one 

door, unfasten the log before the fireplace, 
from whence it was put in proper position, and 
then (lri\e him out at the other door. For a 
chimney any contrivance that would conduct 
the smoke up the chimney would do. Some 
were made of sods plastered upon the inside 
■ with clay; others — the more coi.nmon, perhajjs 
— were of the kind we occasionally see in use 
now, clay and sticks, or "cat in clay," as tliey 
were .sometimes called. Imagine of a winter's 
night, when the storm was having its own wild 
w.iy over this almost uninhabited land, and 
when the wind was roaring like a cataract of 
cold o\er the broad wilderness, and the settler 
had to do his best to keej) warm, what a royal 
fire this double-back-logged and well-filled fire- 
place would hokl ! It nuist have been a cozy 
]jlace to smoke, pro\ ided the settler had any to- 
bacco, or for the wife to sit knitting before, ])ro- 
vided she had needless and yarn. At any rate it 
must have given something of cheer to the con- 
versation, which very likely was upon the home 
and friends they had left behind when they 
started out on this bold venture of seeking for- 
tunes in a new land. 

For dooro and windows, the most simple 
contrivances that would serve the purjiosw 
were brought into requisition. The door was 
not always immediately provided with a shut- 
ter, and a blanket often did duty in guarding 
the entrance. I'ut as .soon as convenient, some 
boards were split and put tigether. hung upon 
wooden hinges, and held shut by a wooden 
pin inserted in an auger hole. .As substitute 
for window glass, greased pai>er, pasted over 
sticks crossed in the shape of a sash, was some- 



times used. Tliis admitted the light and ex- 
chided the air, l)i\t of course lactced trans- 
parenc\-. In regard to the furniture of such a 
cabin, of course it varied in proportion to the 
ingenuity of its occupants, unless it was where 
settlers Ijrought with them their old household 
supply, which, owing to the distance most of 
them had come, was \ery seldom. It was 
easv enough to improvise tahles and chairs; the 
former c(.)u]d he made of split logs — and there 
were instances where the door woultl be taken 
from its hinges and used at meals, after which 
it wiiuld be rehung — and the latter were de- 
signed after the three-legged stool pattern, or 
benches ser\'ed their purpose. A bedstead was 
a very important item in the domestic comfort 
of the family, and this was the fashion of im- 
])rovising them: A forked stake was driven 
into the ground diagonally from the corner of 
the room, and at a proper distance, upon which 
poles reaching from each wall were laid. The 
wall ends of the poles either rested in the 
openings between the logs or were driven into 
auger holes. Barks or boards were used as a 
substitute for cords. Upon this the tidy house- 
wife spread her straw tick, and if she had a 
home-made feather bed, she piled it up into a 
luxurious muuntl and cuvered it with her whit- 
est (lra]ierv. Some sheets hung behind it, for 
tapestry, added to the coziness of the resting 
place. This was generally called a "prairie 
bedstead," and by sume the "prairie rascal." 
In design it is surely (juitc equal to the famous 
Eastlake models, being about as jjrimitive and 
severe, in an artistic sense, as one could wish. 
The house thus far along, it was left to the 

deft devices of the wife to comjjlete its com- 
forts, and the father of the famil}' was free to 
superintend out-of-door affairs. If it was in 
season, his tirst imi)ortant dut\- was lo prepare 
some ground for planting, and to plant what 
he could. This was generally done in the edge 
of tlie timber, where most of the ^■ery earliest 
settlers located. Here the sod was easily 
broken, not reciuiring the hea\v teams and 
plows needed to break the prairie sod. More- 
over, the nearness to timber offered greater 
con\eniences for fuel and building. .\nd still 
another reason for this was. that the groves 
afforded protection from the terrible conflagra- 
tions that occasionally swept across the prairies. 
Though they passed through tlie patches of 
timber, yet it was not with the same destructive 
force with which they rushed o\er the prairies. 
Yet by these fires much of the young timl)er, 
was killed from time to time, and the forests 
kept thin and shrubless. 

The first vear"s farming consisted mainly of 
a truck "patch," i)lanted in corn, potat<ies, tur- 
nijjs, etc. Generally, the first year's crop fell 
far short of supjilying e\-en the most rigid 
economv of food. Many of the settlers 
Ijrought with them small stores of such things 
as seemed indispensable to frugal living, such 
as flour, bacon, coffee and tea. But these sup- 
1)1 ies were not inexhaustible, and once used, 
were not easih' replaced. .\ long winter must 
come antl go before another crop could be 
raised. If game was plentiful, it helped to eke 
out their limited sup])lies. 

But even when corn was i)k'ntiful, the prep- 
aration of it was the next difficulty in the way. 



The mills for grinding it were at such Inng dis- 
tances that every other device was resorted to 
for reducing it to meal. Some grated it on an 
implement made hy punching small iioles 
through a piece of tin or sheet iron, and fasten- 
ing it upon a hoard in conca\-e shape, with the 
rougli side out. U])on this the ear was ruhhed 
to ])roduce the meal. I'.ut grating could not 
be done when the corn hecame so dry as to shell 
ofif when ruhhed. Some used a coffee-mill for 
grincHng it. .\m\ a very common substitute 
for bread was hominy, a palatable and whole- 
some diet, made by boiling corn in weak he till 
the hull or bran peels off. after wliich it was 
well washed, to cleanse it of the lye. It was 
then boiled again to soften it. when it was 
ready for use as occasion required, by frying 
and seasoning it to the taste. Another mode 
of preparing hominy was by jjestling. 

.\ mortar was made bv burning a bowl- 
shaped cax'ity in the e\en end of an upright 
block of wood. After thoroughly clearing it 
of the charcoal, the corn could be put in, hot 
water turned upon it, when it was subjected to 
a se\erc pestling b\- a club of sufilicient lengtli 
and thickness, in the large end of which was 
inserted an iron wedge, l)anded to keep it there. 
The hot water would soften the corn and loosen 
the hull, while the pestle would crush it. 

When breadstuff's were needed, they had to 
be obtained from long distances. Owing to 
the lack of proper means for threshing and 
■cleaning wheat, it was more or less mixed with 
foreign substances, such as smut, dirt and oats. 
And as the time may come when the settlers' 
methods of threshing and cleaning may be for- 

gotten, it may be well to preserve a brief ac- 
count of them here. The i)lan was to clean off 
a space of gnnind of suflicient size, and if the 
earth was dry, t(j dampen it and beat it so as to 
render it .somewhat compact. Then the .sheaves 
were unbnuiid and s|)rcad in a circle, so that 
the heads w<iu]d i)e u]ipermost, leax'ing room 
in the center for a pcr.son business it was 
to stir and turn the straw in the process of 
thre.shing. Then as many horses or oxen were 
brought as could conveniently swing round the 
j circle, and were kept moving until the 
' wheat was well trodden out. .\fter several 
"lloorings" or layers were threshed the straw 
was carefully rake<loff, and tiie wheat shoveled 
into a heap to be cleaned. This cleaning was 
sometimes done by waving a sheet up and 
down to fan out the chaff as the grain w:is 
dro])ped before it; but this trouble was fre- 
(luently ob\ iated when the strong winds of 
autunui were all that was needed to blow out 
the chaff from the grain. 

This mode of preparing the grain for (lour- 
ing was so imperfect that it is not to be won- 
dered at that a considerable amount of black 
.soil got mixed with it, and unavoidably fot 
into the bread. This, with the addition of 
smut, often rendered it so dark as to have less 
the appearance of bread than of mud ; yet upon 
such diet, the jjcople were coin|)elled to subsist 
for want of a better. 

Not the least among the pioneers' tribula- 
tions, during the first few years of settlement, 
was the going to mill. The slow moilc of 
travel by o.\-teams was made still slower by 
the almost total absence of roads and bridges. 


while si'.ch a tliiiiij as a ferry was liardly even 
dreamed of. Tlie ilistance to be tra\-erse(l was 
often as far as 60 or 90 miles. In dry weather, 
common sloughs and creeks offered little im- 
pediment to the teamsters : but during floods, 
and the breaking-up of winter, they proved ex- 
ceedingl}- truublesome anil dangerous. To get 
stuck in a slough, and thus be delayed for many 
hours, was no uncommon occurrence, and that, 
too, when time was an item of grave import to 
the ccimfort and sometimes even \<> the lives of 
the settlers" families. Often, a swollen stream 
would blockade the way, seeming to threaten 
destruction to whoever should attempt to 
ford it. 

With regard to roads, there was nothing 
of the kind worthy of the name. Indian trails 
were common, but they were imfit to travel on 
with vehicles. They are described as mere 
])aths ab(jut two feet wide, — all that was re- 
quired to accommodate the single-file manner 
of Indian traveling. 

An interesting theory respecting the origin 
of the routes now pursued by many of our pub- 
lic highways was given in a speecii by Thomas 
lientiin many }ears ago. lie says the buffa- 
loes were the first road engineers, and the 
paths trodden by them were, as a matter of 
convenience, followed by the Indians, and last- 
ly by the whites, with such improvements and 
changes as were found necessary for cix'ilized 
modes of travel. It is but reasonable to sup- 
pose that the buffaloes would instinctively 
choose the most practicable routes and fords 
in their migrations from one pasture to an- 
other. Then, the Indians following, possessed 

of aljout the same instinct as the buffaloes, 
strove to make no improvements, and were 
finally dri\cn from the track by those who 

When the early settlers were compelled to 
make those long and difficult trips to mill, if 
the country was prairie o\-er which they 
passed, they found it comparatively easy to do 
in summer, when grass was plentiful. By trav-. 
eling until night and then camping out to feed 
the teams, they got along without nu'.ch diffi- 
culty. But in winter, such a journey was at- 
tended with n(j little dangler. The utmost 
economy ot tune was, of course, necessary. 
When the goal was reached, after a week or 

: more ui toilsome tra\el, with manv expusures 
and risks, and the pnnr man was impatient to 
immediately return with the desired staff' of 
life, he was often shocked and disheartened 
with the information that his turn w^ould come 
in a week. Then he must look al)out ior some 
means to pa_\' expenses, and he was luck\- who 
could find some employment by the day or job. 

i Then, when his turn came, he had to be on 
h.and to Ijolt his own tlour, as in those days the 
bolting machine was not an attached part of 
the other mill niachiner\-. This done, the anx- 
ious soul was read}- to endure the trials of a 
return trip, his heart more or less concerned 
aljout the affairs of home. 

These milling tri])s often occupied from 
three weeks to more than a month each, and 
were attended with an expense, in one way 
or another, that rendered the cost of bread- 
stuffs extremely iiigh. If made in the winter, 
when more or less grain feed was required for 



the team, tlie load would be found to be so 
considerably reduced on reaching home that 
the cost of what was left, adding other ex- 
penses, would make their trraiu reach the higli 
cost figure of from three to five dollars per 
bushel. .\nd tiiese trips could not always be 
made at the most favorable season for travel- 
ing. In spring and summer so nnich time 
could hardly be spared from other essential 
labor ; yet, for a large family it was almost 
impossible to avoid making three or four trips 
during the year. 

Among other things calculated to annoy 
and distress the pioneer was the prevalence of 
wild beasts of prey, the most numerous and 
troublesome of which was the wolf. AN'hile it 
was true in a figurative sense that it recpured 
the utmost care and exertion to "keep the wolf 
from the door." it was almost as true in a 
literal sense. There were two species of these 
animals — the large, black timber wolf and the 
smaller gray wolf that usually inhabited the 
prairie. At first it was next to impossible for 
a settler to keep small slock of any kind that 
would serve as a prey to these ravenous beasts. 
Sheep were not deemed safe property until 
years after, when tlieir enemies were supposed 
to be nearly exterminated. Large numbers of 
wolves were destroyed during the early years 
of settlement — as many as 50 in a day in a 
regular wolf-hunt. When they were hungry, 
which was not uncommon, particularly during 
the winter, they were too indiscreet for their 
own .safety, and would often approach within 
easy .shot of the settlers' dwellings. At cer- 
tain seasons their wild, plaintive yelp or bark 

could Ijc heard in all tlirections, at all hours 
of the night, creating intense excitement 
among the dogs, whose howling would add to 
the dismal melody. 

It was not all hog and hominy that the 
early settlers ate: the table comf(jrts depended 
to a great extent upon the ingenuity of the 
wife, the head of the kitchen. There were 
times- when it v. as very difficult to obtain llour 
and cornbread was the substitute: those who 
were from the South knew best how to utilize 
corn, — it was ground into meal by hand-mills 
or by graters, which were made of a concave 
piece of tin with holes punched, or bv the mor- 
tar and pestle met]io<l. The last-named con- 
venience consisted of a stump or section of 
a tree, one end of which was excavated to 
the depth of ten inches by tools or sometimes 
by the aid of fire, into the form of a mortar; 

I the jjestle was often ojjerated by the simple 


up and down motion of the hands and arms 
that wielded it, but there was an ini])roved 
sort of an apparatus arrranged in wliich the 
pestle was attached to a convenient bent sap- 
ling, the elasticity of whicli would cause the 
j pestle to arise each time after the downward 
' motion. The corn was thus lieaten into a mass, 
and the husks of the grain were separated 
from the meal by \>!iat was generally known 
as a "sifter." The sifter was often made 
from dressed deer skin, jierforations l)eing 
made l»y a hot awl, wire or nail, i)ointed for 
that pur])ose. The corn bread ma<le by tiiis 
methcKl was sweet and nutritious. The set- 
tlers generally brought with them their 
ovens and skillets in which the bread was 



baked. Tliey had a fashion of making 
"Johnny cake," where the dough was s]jread 
on an oljlong I)oard of oak and placed close 
to the embers of an open fire-place. "Johnny 
cake" was delicious: the Southern people had 
the "ash cake," derived from the negroes, — 
the dough was enveloped in a corn shuck and 
placed in a bed of hot ashes and embers ; the 
"ash cake" was excellent. The meal was often 
made into mush, and this, with milk consti- 
tutes a dish that a prince might enjoy; when 
milk was not plentiful they used gra\\- or 
grease of the hog, wild animal or liird. 

y\ll the settlers raised wheat when they 
could, but Iowa soil in early days was not fa- 
vorable to the growth of wheat; buckwheat 
flourished well, and I ha\-e distinct recollec- 
tions of the difficulties encountered bv the 
mothers of that period with buckwheat Hour; 
they actually attempted to make good, solid 
bread out of it, but their efforts were, of 
course, failures. They soon learned, however, 
how to make buckwheat cakes. A man by 
the name of Titus, in Davis county, was the 
one who seemed to know all about buckwheat 
flour, and his directions and recipes were fol- 
lowed. Neighborhood after neighborhood fol- 
lowed his instructions until jjuckwheat cakes 
asserted their e-\cellence all over southern 
Iowa. It was diflicult tn make au\' kind of 
decent flour from wheat, except by the regu- 
.lar process of grinding then in vogue, but there 
was a hand-mill introduced that ground a 
black kind of flour, which made a kind of 
substitute for something better. The early 
mills, however, at Keosauqua and St. Fran- 

cisville made excellent flour and the bread 
made from it was wholesome, ^\■ben it was 
impossible to get flour ground, the wheat was 
boiled and made into a dish that closely re- 
sembled boiled rice. 

Coft'ee was scarce and very dear ; there 
were some of the early settlers who would ha\-e 
their genuine coffee, no matter what it cost, 
but there were others who had to satisfy them- 
selves with rye browned in a skillet, the same 
as coft'eee berries, and then ground or beaten 
into a consistency like genuine ground coffee. 
The decoction had the bitter taste of bad 
coffee, but none of its pleasant effects; it was 
such an imitation as is re\-ived now in the 
form of cereal coffee, "Postum," and such 
other substitutes. 

The hog was early intrculuced ; be was 
easily raised; there was mast or acorns in 
plenty and an ;icorn-fe(l hog furnishes the 
sweetest of meats ; the hams were cured by 
the smoke from luckr()v bark, and the sau- 
sages from such meats, seasoned with sage, 
were delightful. There wa.s little Ijeef used, 
because cows and steers were \aluable to the 
settler; the cow furnished the milk and the 
steer was used as a 1)east of burden. Wild 
game, howe\-er, furnished all that could be 
desired for fresh meat ; there were deer in 
l)lenty; almost any kind of a settler could go 
out in any desirable season and kill a deer 
or a turkey; the buffaloes had disappeared 
as well as the antelope, and there were but 
few elks in \\'apello county when the territory 
was opened for settlement in 1843. Deer and 
turkevs were the wild game of edilile value. 



The housewife played an iinpdilanl pari 
in utilizing- tlie spontaneous productions of the 
soil as well as the iirst crops raised by the 
settlers. They all had the same opportunities, 
but all did not employ the oi)portunities alike. 
The careful housewife i'dund many delicacies 
in the woods ; in the spring time there was the 
"deer tongue," "lamb's quarter," and many 
other herbs that made "greens" for the table; 
as the season advanced there came the wild 
strawberries, a fruit that has ne\'er been excel- 
led for flavor ; later on came the blackberries in 
rich profusion; there were also plums and 
crab-apples, and these were made into de- 
licious preserves. So there were oppnrtunilies 
given to gather in the free npcn orchard ber- 
ries for pies and fruits for, tarts, and all 
combined ga\-e the good woman at the head 
of the household a chance to show her ingenu- 
ity. There were others, however, who were 
always complaining, moaning for the fruits 
of the old settlements, and such malcontents 
exist to-day. The early settlers, as a rule, 
made the best of everything. 

1 he first year of occupancy of tlie new 
land was one of privations; the new ground 
had tf) be pli>wed and there was a belief that 
the richest land was covered by the roughest 
brush. This led the settlers to take up the 
leai5t desirable lands, while the prairie was left 
unoccupied. These mistakes, however, recti- 
fied themsehes. The first year's crops gave 
an abundance of corn, but there were few po- 
tatoes, cabbages and other vegetables ; the set- 
tlers were in a state of uncertainty and yet 
they did mn dnnbt that the land wmild in 
the end be fruitful. There truly was reason 
for doubt : the lands of Iowa had never been 
cultivated accurding to European or Asiatic 
methods. It is true that Illinois and Indiana 
had yieldetl bountifully, but no one knew 
what might be produced from Iowa soil. It 
was an experiment, but those who ventured 
were confident, and the yield of the first year 
fortified their hopes. The soil ^ave forth 
corn, potatoes, pumpkins, beans, rye, wheat 
and succulent grasses. There was food for 
man and beast! 



An Instance of Claim Troubles — Illustkating how the Difficulty was Settled 
— Then Followed County Organization and Other Evidences of Progress. 

THE dahlonega disturbance. 

One James Wood}- sold a claim near Dah- 
lonega to Martin Koontz for $200 and received 
tlie money : su1)seqnently he reconsidered the 
matter and. thinking that lie had sold too cheap, 
"jumped" tlie claim, erecting a cabin. This 
was a \inlatiiin of tlie old settlers' regulations, 
and aliout 60 men under the cnnimand of Capt. 
John -Moore surrounded the cabin, lore it down 
and (imve Woody off the claim. A fight en- 
sued in which Thomas Crawford was killed. 
The "war" was continued through an effort on 
the ])art nf the civil authorities to arrest Capt. 
John ]\loore. W'apello county was then at- 
tached to Jefferson county, for judicial pur- 
poses, and Deputy Sheriff Jesse Woolard, of 
Fairfield, was sent to the scene to make arrests. 
The old settlers, however, were waiting for 
him; he was treated with civility but with a 
grim determination that he should m;U<e no ar- 
rest. He was permitted to stay over night, but 

the next morning he was brought into the pres- 
ence of 60 armed men. and then notice was 
ser\-ed on him to dejjart at once, and tn nut re- 
turn until he was wanted. Air. WHolard was 
a man of sense and departed. This closed the 

COUNTY' organization. 

.\n Act was passed, approved February 13. 
1844, by the Governor, to organize the county 
of Wapello, and Joseph B. Davis, of \\'ash- 
ington county, John H. Randolph, of Henry 
count\-, and Solomon Jacks(in. of Lee county, 
were appointetl commissioners to locate the 
county-seat. James Al. Peck was ap])ointed 
under the Act as sheriff', until a regular election 
was lield, and it was made his duty to organize 
the county. Paul C. Jeffries was the first 
judge of probate, Joseph Hayne was the first 
elected sheriff, and Thomas Foster was treas- 
urer. The first case presented to the Court of 
Probate was that in the matter of the estate of 



Tliomas Crawford, deceased, — William Craw- 
ford was appointed administrator and his bond 
was approved. The first guardian of minors 
a]i]H)inted by the probate jtidge was Joseph 
JNlcintire, guardian of Daniel, James and John 
Murphy, May lo, 1845. ^''e I'li'-^t will tiled 
was that of William 13. Woody, dated Octo- 
ber II, 1846, and tiled by the widow, Frances 
\\'oodv, sole executrix, December 7, 184^). 


The first license issued was in favor of the 
marriage of Andrew Crawford and Mru\v Ann 
Montgomery, dated March 15, 1844. The in- 
tended bride was a minor, under the guard- 
ianship of Peter Walker. The couple were mar- 
ried March 15, 1844, by R. R. Jones, justice 
of the peace, at the house of Peter Walker. 
The groom was nineteen, and the bride six- 
teen years of age. 

The second marriage license was that of 
Dr. C. W. Phelps and Elizabeth C. Weaver, 
sister of (ieneral Weaver, of IMoomfield; the 
third, that of John P. Scott and Elvira A. 
Weir. The latter marriage was solemnized at 
Agency City, by Re\-. Benjamin A. Spaulding, 
April 17, 1844, The authority possessed by 
Mr. Spaulding was filed at tiiis time, and con- 
sisted of a license issued by the clerk of the 
District Court of Jefifer.son county, Iowa. 

On the 28th of August, 1844, the certificate 
of ordination, issued by Bishop Morris, of the 
Methexlist Episcopal church, .August 29. 1841, 
proclaiming Thomas M. Kirkpatrick a fully 
consecrated elder in the said Methodist Epis- 

copal church, was filed with the clerk of Wa- 
pello county. This was to establish Mr Kirk- 
p-itrick"s authority to solemnize marriages. A 
similar document was filed by Rev. Robert 
Long, of the Christian church, on the 9th day 
of .\(jvember, 1844. 

During the first year of the county's exist- 
ence, the following marriage license were 
granted; (George Nelson to Isabella Frances 
Hackney, November 9: Seth Ogg to Rebecca 
H. Mclntire. April 28: David Glass to Eliza 
Jane Hall, June 19: Joseph Mclntire to Mrs. 
Sarah Murphy, July 2; WSIIiam Carter to 
Mary Jane Lewis, .\ugust 21 : William F. 
Bay to Nancy J. Kirkpatrick, September 5; 
Alexander to Llsie Linch, Septem- 
ber 24: James S. Baker to Tamas Overman, 
September 28; Thomas J. Linnard to Julina 
Lambert. September 30; Melville H. Talbott 
to Elizabeth Rouse. October 4 ; James R. 
Fisher to Sarah McCall. October 5 ; Charles 
Wallace to Cynthia M. Reiss, October 9; 

1 George Howlet to Sarah Wilson, Novem- 
ber 7 : William Parker to Lavinia Boyce, De- 
cember 2 ; James Stephens to Mary Ann Har- 
row. December 18; James D. HufFstetter to 

i Eliza Ann White, December 30. 

On the 24th of .\i)ril. 1845. Rev. John 
Pardoe filed his certificate of ordination as a 
Methixlist Protestant clergyman. N<)venil)er 
26th. Rev. Jose])h Ackernian filed his certificate 
of authority to solemnize marriages, having his 
ordination papers issued by Bishop Roberts, of 
the MethtKlist Episcopal church. The papers 
were dated at Terre Haute. In<liana. Octoljer 
10, 1841. Thirty-six marriage licenses were 


issued out of tlie clerk's office of Wapello 
county (luring the year 1845. 


In almost every case the original record of 
the District Court in ^^'apello county consist's 
of eight sheets of foolscap paper, stitched to- 
gether to form a book. The following self- 
e.xplanatory records are taken literally from 
the record book. We quote : 

And now, on this day, to-wit, the sixteenth day of Sep- 
teinber, A. D. 1844, the day on which, according to law, 
the District Court of the United States, within and for said 
county of Wapello and Territory of Iowa, was to have 
begun, and its first or September term, at the court house 
in said county, there being no judge present, the time for 
commencement of said Court is adjourned until i) o'clock 
tomorrow morning. 

Tuesday morning, o'clock, / 
September IT. A. D. 1844. \ 

.'\nd now, on this day there yet being no judge present, 
the time for the commencement of said court is furtlier 
adjourned until tomorrow morning. 

And now, on this day, to-wit, 'Wednesday, ISth Septem- 
ber, 1844, being the adjourned day for the beginning of the 
September term of the District Court of the United States, 
for the county of Wapello and Territory of Iowa, Present 
the Hon. Charles Mason. Judge, etc. 

The following proceedings were had, to- 
wit : 

And now, on this day, to-wit, the 18th day of Septem- 
ber, A. D. 1S44, the venire which had been returned on the 
Kith inst., by Joseph Hayne, Sheriff of said county, being 
examined by the Court, it is ascertained the following- 
named per.sons have been duly summoned to serve as grand 
jurors to this Court, to-wit: 


James Weir. George W. Knight. Seth Ogg. Robert H. 
Ivers, Thomas Pendleton, Henry Smith, William Brinn, 
Lewis F. Temple, John Humphreys, Martin Fisher, Paul C. 

Jeffries, John Fuller, Finley Lind.sey, William Prichell, 
William C. Mclntire, John Clark, James R. Boggs, John 
Kirkpatrick, John Murray, Isam Garrett, Shannon Hackney, 
Philaster Lee and Thomas Wright; five of whom, to-wit: 
Robert H. Ivers, Martin Fisher, John Fuller, John Clark 
and John Kirkpatrick, on being called answered not. 

The C(_)urt ordered the sheriff to complete 
die panel, whereupon William A. W'insell, Pe- 
ter Barnett, Richard Fisher and Jacob Hack- 
ney were added to the list. James Weir was 
ap])i)inted foreman. George B. Warden was 
appointed bailiff, and pniceeded to take the 
grand jury under his charge. 

The first case of record was that of "Josiah 
Smart, .\gent, etc.. who sues for the use of 
S. S. Phelps \'s. Elias Orton." This was a 
land-claim case, and was dismissed, with costs 
assessed against the defendant to the amount 
of $7.42 '4- The next case, James C. Ramsey, 
vs. John R. and W. S. Wright, assumpsit. 
Damages claimed $Cij. Case com])romised by 
the ])arties, with costs on defendants, stated 
at the sum of $5.37j-j- The third case was 
John McCoy \'s. William l-'lood, assumpsit; 
damages, $100. Case withdrawn by plaintiff, 
with costs on him ti) the anmunt of $5.62/^. 
The next three cases were : John F. Myers 
vs. Charles F. Harrow ; James Foster vs. 
Charles F. Harrow ; and Hugh George vs. 
Jesse C. Weeks. Each dismissed at cost of 

The first naturalization papers were issued 
•September 19, 1844, to John \\'all and George 
Wall, subjects of Great Britain. 

The first indictment presented bv the grand 



jury was against Joseph S. Hendricks, for 
larceny. The defendant was discharged. 

Tlie lirst (H\orce case was on a change 
of venue from Jefferson county Ijetween Mary 

Kinzic and John Kinzie. Bill granted by de- 
fault. The first divorce granted to jjarties 
within the county was in tlie case of .Amanda 
Hulin vs. Ira Ihilin. 



The Town was First Named Louisville, but Indian Influence Prevailed, and it was 
Changed to Ottumvva — Board of Commissioners — Business at the First Session 
OF THE Board — The Town of Ottumwa from the Beginning — Pen Pictures. 


The commi.ssoiner.s located tlie county seat 
at the Appanoose Rapids, and very near tlie 
geographical center of llie county, whicli fact 
liad Ijeen ascertainctl hy a random Hue that 
was run westward Inim Jefferson county in, 
the fall of 184-' (ir the winter of 
1843, 'jy J"liii Arrowsmith. under the 
direction of a company of promnters. who 
could see far enough into the future to know 
that a prosperous town would soon he built 
'as the county seat of a good county. So 
soon as the location was made these men made 
a claim to the lands, and immediately organ- 
ized the Appanoose Rapids Company to facili- 
tate operations. So, on the 20th day of May, 
1843, J. R. McBeth, Uriah Biggs. John Lewis, 
Thomas D. Evans, Paul C. Jeffries, Hugh 
George, David Glass, Sewell Kenny, William 
Dewey and Milton Jamison met on the site 

and formed a cumpany according to law. Cer- 
tain lots were donated to the county for build- 
ing purposes. The town was laid out, the 
company bound itself to erect a court house, 
the small exjienses were paid, a public sale of 
lots was arranged for July 4, 1844. and in 
this way the town was Ixirn. which was first 
named Louisxille, — but the name wtuild not 
stick. The more appro])riate Indian name of 
Ottumwa wnul<l arise frdui time to time until it 
was finally accepted. The name '"Ottumwa" 
signifies "Swift \\'atcr," to which the suffix 
"noc" was sometimes applied, which means 
simply the place of swift water. This is the 
; interpretation of the name as rendered bv Mr. 
Smart, who was then the honest and intel- 
ligent interpreter for General Street, and may 
be accepted as absolutely correct. There are 
other versions, among them "Strong W'ill" 
or "Perseverance," Init this is a fanciful ren- 
dering. We prefer to take the interpretation 



of ]\lr. Smart, whu was familiar witli the In- 

dian language. 


Tlie first Iniilding used for the sessions 
of the commissioners' court was a \cr\- ordi- 
nary log cabin, one story high, buik of rough, 
unhewn logs, chinked with sticks and clay, 
and covered with clapboards. It was situated 
between Fourth and h'ifth streets, about where 
th.e postoffice huikling now stands. The first 
meeting of the board was "held at Louisville, 
the C(junty scat of \\'ai)ello county, on Mon- 
day, the 20th day of ilay, 1844. The county 
commissioners were as follows: Lewis F. 
Temple, James I\L Montgomery and Charles 
F. Harrow. Charles Overman was appointed 
clerk. In August, 1844, John C. Evans, John 

B. Gray and James B. Wright were elected, 
in 1845-46 the board consisted of John C. 
Evans, James B. Wriglit and Henry Smith. 
In 1846 the clerk's office was filled by James 

C. Tolman. In 1847 the board consisted of 
Henry Smith, Charles Dudley and James B. 
Wright. A. J. Redenbaugh was clerk. In 
1848 James B. Wright, Charles Dudley and 
Nathaniel Bell were commissioners and A. J. 
Redenbaugh. clerk. In 1850 Charles Dudley, 
Nathaniel Bell and Samuel Gilliland were 
commissioners and A. J. Redenbaugh. clerk. 
The last meeting of the board, before it was 
dissolved by the act creating the county judge 
system, was held July 20. 1851, at which 
Nathaniel Bell, Samuel Gilliland and Gideon 

Myers officiated. Mr. Redenbaugh was the 
last clerk. A roster of the succee<ling county 
officers is published elsewhere. 

The first business transacted at the May, 
1844, session, was to grant a license to David 
Glass to keep a grocery "in Ottumwa." This 
shows that the name Ottumwa was insisted 
upon by the settlers, although the official name 
was then Louisville, by reason of the act of 
the locating commissioners, who named it in 
honor of Louisville, Kentucky. Wasliington 
township was organized at the first meeting. 
I'leasant, Competine, Columbia, Center, Dahl- 
onega, Richland and Adams townshijjs were 
created at the June session, or second meet- 
ing. J. P. Eddy was granted a ferry license at 
the July session authorizing him to establish 
a ferry at Eddyville. This was the first ferry 
in the county, duly legalized. The prices per- 
mitted to be charged were : Footman, 6^ 
I Cents; man and horse, iS-}i cents; two horses 
: and wagon, 37^ cents ; four horses and 
wagon, 50 cents; cattle, 4 cents; hugs, 
2 cents. In July, Henry Smith & Com- 
pany were authorized to construct a dam 
across the Des Moines River on section 27^ 
township 71, range 12, where Eldon now 
stands. .\ tax of five mills on the dollar 
was authorized, and a poll tax of 50 cents. A 
jail was ordered to be built on the east end 
of lot 136, block II, in Louisville, but definite 
acti(;n was postponed. A free ferry was or- 
dered across the river at Louisville, provided 
the Appanoose Ra])ids C<>m])any sustained 
one-half of the expense of the buikling and 
maintenance of the same. 



At the April term. 1845, Anderson Cox 
was granted permission to establish a ferry 
across the Des Moines River, one and a quar- 
ter miles above Louisville. At the M^y term, 
1845, the board agreed upon the specifications 
for the erection of a jail, the previous action 
having resulted in nothing. A two-story 
hewed-log building was agreed upon. \X. W. 
Chapman was acting as attorney for the coun- 
ty in 1845. -'^t til'-" August session the board 
ordered that the names of Francis M. HarroAV 
and Roliert W. Ramsey be stricken from the 
mill and dam charter, and that the company 
proposing to build a mill at Louisville be al- | 
lowed until March, 1847, to do so. The orig- | 
inal charter was granted by the board of Jef- 
ferson county, while this county was attached 
thereto, September, 1843, to Francis AI. Har- 
row, Robert W. Ramsey, David Armstrong 
and Joel Alyers & Company. The board of 
Wapello county appro^■ed of the charter at the 
August meeting, as aforesaid, with the change 
of names shown above. The jail conta'act 
was finally awarded to David Armstrong, at 
this meeting, for $2,000. The site chosen was 
lot 140, block Ti. The first official recogni- 
tion of the name Ottumwa was made Novem- 
ber, 1845, by the board. Before that date 
"Louisville" and "Ottumwa" were both used. 
Polk and Keokuk townships were created 
in April, 1846. In that year a court house was 
built on the corner of Market and Third 
streets, of wood, 24 feet square, two stories 
high, the lower story being used for the ses- 
sions of the court, for religious meetings on 
Sundays and as a school-house when court 

was not in session. The second story was 
divided into three rooms, occupied by the 
clerk of the court, the county treasurer and 
the county recorder. When the l>rick C(jm-t 
house was built on the site now occupied by 
the present magnificent building, the old one 
was sold to the Christian church and after- 
ward transferred to W. C. Grimes, who used 
it as a wagon factory until it was destroyed 
by fire on the 22nd of October, 1872. 

Li January, 1848, D. F. Gaylord and Levi 
Reeve were audiorized to fit up a ferry across 
the river, at Ottumwa, to continue twelve years. 
The petition pra_\ing fur the incorporation of 
Ottumwa was presented to the board in Jan- 
uary, 1851. An election, in accordance with 
the prayer, was ordered to be held February 8, 


In die year 1846. A. C. Leigbton. who is 
now known as an old settler, but who was but 
a small boy at diat time, came with his father 
and mother to Ottumwa ; he was old enough, 
however, to receive vivid impressions of the 
little town on the borders of the great wilder- 
ness that then extended westward from this 
point to the Pacific Ocean. He remembers 
that when his father's family came here, Cass 
Hendershott was a babe in his mother's arms, 
six weeks old. There were then about 25 
houses of all descriptions in the town, among 
which were two dry-goods stores and one wet 
grocery (saloon). There was a log house 
where the First Alethodist Episcopal church 



iKiw Stands, on the cunicr of I'Vnirth and Mar- 
ket streets, and another log house on tlie oppo- 
site side of the street, where the Christian 
Science church is located ; there was a copious 
spring of water and a clump of trees on tliis 
ground. Tlierc was a log house on the corner 
of the square where the Public Library build- 
ing is being erected, near the court house. 
Tiiese were all the houses that were on Fcjurth 
street. On I'ifth street there was a frame 
house, owned by Judge Paul C. Jeffries, which 
afterwards became tlie site for the Hendershott 
residence, and is now the site, for tlie residence 
of T. D. Foster. There was a log Jiouse on 
Filth street, where .Senator \\ aterm;;n's resi- 
dence is now. There was a log hinise on the 
corner of ?kJarket and Second streets, the 
ground now occupied by the Leighton block 
Josepli Hayne had a house on the Gillaspy 
jiroperty. northeast corner of (Ireen and Second 
streets. Jolm \\'. had a iiouse on the 
ground now occupied by \\'. P>. Bonnifield'! 
residence. S. S. Xorris (the deacon) liad a 
frame house on the southwest corner of College 
and Second streets. Tay Sinnamon had a 
house where T. H. Pickler's grocery is now lo- 
cate<l. There was a brick-yard near there. 
Charley Pdake's father was out of town — he 
was located in a house now occupied b\- the 
Caster House. On the northeast corner of 
College and Second streets, there lived a man 
by the name of Lyons, in a small frame house. 
On the southwest corner of College and 
Main streets, there was an old-fashioned tan- 
yard, with vats and a hark mill. James C. 
Tolnian lived on the southeast corner of Main 

and Jeff enson sti'eets, in a log house. There 
were no buildings on the s<juth side of .Main 
street frcjm Green to Market. There was a 
mill yard near there. There were three small 
frame buildings on the south side of Main 
street between Green and .Market. Where the 
Centennial building now stJhds tliere was a 
small "Tavern" kept by a Mr. Sharp. There 
was nothing more on the north side of Main 
street until the ground was reached where the 
St. Louis Store now is; here was a frame build- 
ing occupied by John T. Baldwin as a general 
store. About where tlie Hammond building 
now stands, there was a log hotel established 
by David Hall, and then by his wife, "Aunt 
Becky." Seth Richards had a store in a log 
Iiouse a little east of where Charles Bachman's 
jewelry store is now. D. F. Gaylord had a. 
grocery store where the west half of Bert Phil- 
lip's new store now is. There was a house 
above Washington street, about where the Dr. 
Hawkins property is; it was owned by a law- 
yer, whose name was James Baker; he went to 
Missouri and became rich, through tnmsactions 
on St. Louis (Is; .'>an I''rancisc(j Railroad stock. 
Charles F. Harrow lived <jn a high point, iif 
a double log house, with a ])orch, above where 
(jeneral Hedricks residence was located. Paris 
Caldwell lived out of town, on the place where 
he died : he had made his claim there when the 
country was lirst settled. 

The court house, which has already been 

alluded to, and described, was located where 

the J. W. l-'dgcrly & Company wholesale drug 

I store is located. School was taught there so as 

not t(j conflict with temis of court. The first 



scliool was tauglit \)y Miss Ami Xdrris. after- 
^\anl widow of \<l-\ . 15. A. Si)alding, a man 
tminent for piety and good citizensliip. 

Tliere was a log stable, where the city hall 
now is. There was a two-stor\- frame dwelling 
where I iarper & Melntire's wholesale house 
now is ; the ijuilding was oecuijied by the father 
.<if Joseph Myers, and by Thomas C. Coffin. 
The mill was at the foot of Market street; it 
was a steam saw and grist mill. The town 
•company gave the mill eompan}- some lots. 
You hear it referred to as the "mill donation." 

J3r. C. C. Warden was tlie only physician 
wlio practiced medicine here until about 1851. 
when he engaged in the dr_\-goods business 
with loseph Leighton. father of A. C. Leigh- 
ton; jose])h Leighton was elected county treas- 
urev ; Dr. Warden then carried on the mer- 
cantile business in bis own name. 

It is to Dr. Warden's credit that while he 
was on the ])oard of county super\isors he sold 
the miserable old county jjoor farm and pur- 
chased the new one. In 1848, R. H. Warden, 
brother of the Doctor, came to Ottumwa and 
was prominentlv identihed with the city and 
its business interests until his death, which took 
place July 13. 1900. 

Tlie following were residents of Ottumw;', 
in 1846: Dr. C. C. ^^■arden. .\lbert Mudge. 
S. S. Xorris. H. 11 Hendershott. Paul C. Jeff- 
ries. Benjamin Jeffries. D. F. (iaylord, 
Jose])h Hayne. Tliomas J. De\in. Josq)h 
Leighton. David Armstrong, John Bran- 
denbrrg, Tay Sinnamon, John W. Ross, 
Reuben Ross, Cap. Ross, Peter Barnett, Will- 
iam Lewis, John Harkens, George D. Hack- 

worth, A. G. Redenbaugh, George May, 
William H. Bromtield, John T. lialdwin. Grau, 
H. P. Graves, C. F. Blake, Bela White. These 
were about all the legal voters of the town; 
thei'e were a few young men who drifteil in and 
out but made no permanent residence in the 
town, .\mong those who came then or soon 
afterward were Seth Ogg. William Mclntire 
and Michael Tullis. 

From a series of papej's puliHshed in the 
Democrat, in 187^1. from the ])en of J. W. 
Xorris. the appearance of the town was quite 
primitive in 1845. Mr. Xorris says: "Xo 
streets had lieen o])ened. Paths run across 
lots, every which way. like they were made by 
ct)ws going to pasture. Indian wickiups were 
scattered mxr the bluff', a cluster of them being 
on the lot where we now li\'e (corner of College 
and Second streets)." 


The Courier of October (^. 1848. mentions 
tliat the enterjjrising contractors now carry the 
mail three limes a week from Keokuk, and in 
1849 the same paper sa\s that building in Ot- 
tumwa was very brisk, but retarded liy scarcity 
of lumber. Breadstuff's were scarce, on ac- 
ct)unt of the ditiicuUies in getting the grain 
ground. Steamboats now began to arrive, 
Ijringing in freight and carrying out grain. 
The steamer "ixevenue Cutter" arrived early 
in A])ril. 1849. The water was high, and an 
excursion jiartv bo.arded the \essel here and 
went up to Eddyville. 

On X'^ovember 2t,. 1849. a lyceum was or- 



ganizcci with Rev. B. A. Spaulding, president; 
H. i!. Ilendershnit, vice-president; Bertrand 
J<.nes, rccDrdino- secretary: J. W. Norris. cur- 
respo.idino- secretary; R. H. Warden, treas- 
urer; and J.isepii Leighton, lil)rarian. 

It will he news to many of the pre.sent gen- 
eration that such a project as a plank road was 
agitated. In Fehruary. 1S50, a meeting was 

licld m Ottumwa t,. discuss the construci,,,, „f 
a plank roa.l to meet the Burlingt..„ an,l 
Mount Pleasant plank road at Mount Pleas- 
ant. L nail Biggs was president of the meet- 
in,?; Thomas Ping and John C. Evans vice- 
presidents; and Bertrand Jones, secretary. \ 
committee was appointed to represent the'coun- 
ty at a plank road convention at Mount Pleas- 
ant on the _v-t]i of February, said committee 
consusting of J. A\-. Norris. J. D. Devin. H R 
Hendershott, J. C. Ramsev. Thomas Pin- F 
-^ewell,J. H. D. Street. S. M. W,-i,-,„ ^^^ j, 
Flmt. (udeon Myers, B. Boydston. Bertrau.. 
J'-nes. Jcseph Hayne. J. M. Peck. Dr Voe- 
mans. L'riah Biggs. G. B. Saverv. Dr \ D 
\\ood. W. S. Carter. Dr. fames Xosler Madi- 
son Wellman. J. G. Baker. D. p. I„skeep E 
('■ McKinney. W. (;. Martindale, .\. Inora- 
liam. .Andrew Major. William M. Dunlap ard 
J'>slma Marshall. Ottunnva sub.scrihed $8.- 
700 and Agency City and Ashlan.l. $4.^30. 
Tlie project. Iiowever. was abandoned as rail- 
>-oad interests began to crowd out such make- 
slutts as plank roads. The onlv plank road 
'•"'" 'n the State was one from Keokuk, point- 
ing HI this direction about 15 nnlcs. This 
stretch of road was maintainc.I as late as 18^4. 


The court iiouse is one of the finest west 
j ot the Mi.ssisippi River; it was built at a 
I cost of $135,000. The posloffice was erected 
by the government ..t a cost of about $50,000. 
' 'le ^■. Ar. C. A. building is a handsome struc- 
ture; the high .school was built at a cost of 
$75,000. There art- several church buildings 
that are creditable in style of ardiitecture. 
among which are the two Presbvterian 
churches; the Swedish Lutheran; Church of 
the Sacred Heart (Roman Catholic); First 
Methodist; and First Congregational. 


The hrst electric light .seen in Ottumwa 
Nvas about the year 1882, which was produced 
I'.v an isolated plant installed in Pallister 
Brothers' store. In the year j886 the Ut- 
lumwa Electric Light Company was organ- 
i;^ed. which was later absorbed by the pre.sent 
plant. n,.w known as the Ottumwa Electric 
Light & Steam Company. This company now* 
operates the city and commercial lights, the 
street car line and the steam heating plant. 
During the past year they have installed mod- 
ern apparatus for lighting, using what is 
known as the Hartford sy.stem of street light- 
ing, with enclosed alternating lamps, and have 
a capacity for 8,000 incande.scent lamps. The 
power plant consists of 1,000 horse-power en- 
gine capacity, 1.300 horse-power in boilers and 



electrical units of i,ooo horse-power. They 
operate seven and one-half miles of track and 
run eight cars regularly, — they have a total 
of i8 cars; the maximum grade is lo per cent. 
A large amount nf power is distributed to 
manufacturing plants. The (company oper- 
ates about three miles of steam main. The 
officers of the company are: J. H. ^Merrill, 
president; J. B. Sax, secretary; J. W. Garner, 
treasurer. This is distinctly an Ottunuva in- 
stitution, the stock being owned by Ottumwa 


The following is a statement of the condi- 
tion of the banks of the city in December, 1900, 
as compared with the condition of the same 
banks one \ear i)re\ious. The statement is 

from official sources : The capital, including 
profit account, employed by the three national 
and three savings banks of this city, as taken 
from ])ul)lished reports of December 2d, was 
S663,i88.73. Their tcjtal assets were $3,162,- 
f)03. Their combined deposits were $2,341,- 
914.37, and their loans $1,965,922. The 
same six banks on December 13, 1900, 
had an in\-ested capital and proht account of 
$679,176.78; assets, $3,586,445.57; deposits, 
$2,732,318.79. and loans, $2,225,527.75. This 
j does not include the Wapello County Savings 
j Bank, organized February 5, 1900, which has 
I a capital and profit account of $51,971.05; to- 
tal assets, $146,378.25: deposits, $94,407.20; 
and loans, $128,658.48; nor the Citizens 
Bank, which is a private institution and makes 
no published report. 



Public ScHoor.s A\n Chukches — Fkaterxal Societies — Railroads of the County — 
Newspapers uf the County — A Glance at Manufacturing Interests- The 
Carnegie Library. 


The Courier, on Septt'iiiber 22, 1848, men- 
tidiis tliat "Ottuniwa. or rather Center tow n- 
shi]), has two schools l)iit no scliool-liouse." 
In May, 1849, t'lere was a tax of i per cent to 
bnild a school-house in the citw These phms 
were not carried out, but in 1850 two frame 
buil(hntjs were erected, and in 1853 Aliss La- 
\ina Chanlcr opened a i)ri\ate scIkk)! in one 
of tliese IniilcHngs in tlic lower or eastern part 
of the town. Misses llornhy and Street 
opened a school on .\ugust 6, 1855. \\ . .V. 
Sutliff opened a select school at about the same 
time. The Ottuniwa Seminary was opened on 
the 8th of October, 1855. On October 15, 
1858, there was the first recorded meeting of 
directors of the Ottuniwa City School District. 
There were present : J. M. McElroy, president ; 
W. L. Orr, vice-president; and S. P.. Thrall, 
secretary. The treasurer was Charles Law- 
rence. In 1858 the board was made up as 

I follows: Thomas C. Woodward, president; S. 
P>. Thrall, \ ice-president ; S. D. Morse, secre- 
tary; John Moore, treasurer: directors, Joseph 
llayne, Joseph H. Merrill, V. J. Hunter. In 

[ 1865 a comiiKKlious brick school-house was 
built on College Square, at an expense of $28,- 

I 818.57. It will be seen that at an early date 
Ottuniwa had determined ijii superior facilities 
for educating the youth of the town. During 
all the time, from the organization of the tlrst 
school board, the officers have been men of the 
highest intelligence and business capacity.* 
There have been few superintendents of the 
schools, and these few have ranked high in 
their profession. .\. W. .Stuart became super- 
intendent in 1873, succeeding Wilson Palmer, 
and during the past twenty-eight years he has 
wiirkeil faithfully and with great success for 
the improvement of the schools. He ranks 
now as one of the prtMiiinent e<lucators of the 

' State. 

There are 10 .school buildings in Ottumw.i, 



which cost about as follows: High School, 
situated ou West Fourth street, $50,000; 
Adams school, situated ou East Fourth, Col- 
lege, East Second and Union streets, $32,000 : 
Lincnln School. North Court, $24,000: Agas- 
siz and Irving schools. South Side, each $18.- 
000: Franklin school, W^alnut avenue, $18,000; 
Garfield school. North Ash street. $18,000: 
Douglas school. West Second street. $8,000: 
iM-oehcl schodl. Adams lot. $2,000; Hedricl-. 
school. Highland Park, $17,000. Four-room, 
additions are now completed to the Lincoln and 
Irving buildings, at a cost of $15,000. The 
last school census, taken in Septemlier. 1900. 
sliows 3. '132 persons of school age in the dis- 
trict ; the average daily attendance for the 
school year, ending June. 1900, was 3.284. 
The number of teachers employed is iio. of 
which four are males. The members of the 
school board are: K. E. McElroy, J. C. Jor- 
dan. T. H. Pickler, W. A. Mclntire, Charles 
Hallberg, E. T. Edgerly. A. I). AIoss. E. E. 
McElroy is president of the board and J. A. 
Wagner, secretary. 


The first minister of the Cospel was Rew 
B. A. Si)aulding. who came as a missionary in 
1843 or 1X44, as a member of the "Iowa Band," 
composed of nine young preachers of the Con- 
gregational church. Mr. Sjiaulding was a 
devoted Christian, and was held in high respect 
during all bis life bv all who knew him. He 
formed a church in Agency City in 1844. The 
Congregational church of Ottumwa was organ- 

ized February 15. 1846. with eight members: 
Bela White. Sanuiel S. Norris, Anna N. Nor- 
ris, Julia M. Norris, Peter Barnett, Mrs. P. 
Barnetl. Mrs. David P. Smith. .Mr. Spauld- 
ing was the pastor for twenty-two years, when 
he resigned, and died March 31, 1867. This 
cliurch has been favored with pastors of more 
than ordinary ability, among whom may be 
mentioned Spaulding. I'.rown, Her- 
man Hross, Dr. J. W. Healy, Rev. Archil)ald 
and the present pastor, P. Addlestine Joluiston. 
.\ church edifice was erected in 1875-76, on 
P^ourth street, at a cost of $22,000. 

Revs. S. C. McCune and L. G. Bell organ- 
ized the First Presbyterian church. September 
24. 1853, with the following members: Dr. 
W. L. Orr, John Hite. Rebecca Kite. Luther 
Hite. Elizabeth Hite. Hannah Hoover. John M. 
Ta\'lor. Sarah Taylor. Rebecca Brown. Charles 
Brown, Jonathan Heckard. Harriet Heckard. 
Elizabeth Carmen. Martha Gray, Mary Davis, 
Sarah A. Moyer, Lucy A. Sloan, Anna Bill- 
man, Sarah L. Mudge and Daniel Hoover were 
received on profession of faith. an<l Michael 
Heckard and Mary 'M. Heckaril were received 
on certificate. Dr. W. L. Orr. John Hite and 
John M. Taylor were ordained as elders. In 
Julv. 1855. Rev. J. M. McElroy arrived, and 
took cliarge of the church as pastor, and labored 
with great success for many years. He was 
succeeded by Revs. H. B. Knight, B. S. Ely, 
Frederick W. Hinitt ami F. F. Stoltz in the 
order named. The church building is on the 
corner of Fourth and Washington streets; its 
cost was $20,000. The pastors of this chirrch 
were eminent in their sacred profession and 



lahiired with zeal in llie interests of Cliristian- 
ity. in iSSf). tiie Presbyterians of tlie East 
J'jid organized, and, aided lartjely bv T. D. 
Foster. l)nilt .a lari^c clmrcli jinildini;- in tliai 
locality. Rev. .Murray is tbe present pastor. 
Tbe Presbyterians also have an organization -.n 
the West h'.nd uf the city. 

The Methodist I'lpiscoijal church was early 
in the held, represented by l\c\. Thomas M. 
Kirl<p;'.trick. who conducted services in a log 
cal)in in 1S44. The tirst organization was 
effected in 1S43. with .Mr. Kirkpatrick as 
pastor. The following-named were prominent 
members at that time: Ileman ]'. Graves and 
wife: Paul C. Jeffries and wife: Washington 
W'illiariis and wife; Martha W'i'iiams. later on 
the wife of Dr. C. C. Warden: Peter I'.arnett 
and wife: Mrs. Joseph lla\ne: Sarah Punu"oy : 
Sarah Lewis: J. L". Kvans and wife. The 
Main Street M. V.. church was organized in 
i8f;g. In- Rev. E. L. Priggs, with 70 memliers. 
The I-'irst M. \i. church edih:e is on the cor- 
ner of Fourth and .Market streets. The Main 
Street cliurch building is on the corner of 
Main and College streets, 'i'he jKistors f)f these 
churclies liave been successful in building u]) 
the dilferent organizations to a high degree of 

The Catliolic church organization dates 
back to 1849, when missionary work was in- 
augurated I)y Rev. Father Villars, of Keokuk. 
Rev. Alexander Ilattenberg came in 1851 and 
remained a time. In the winter of 1853. Rev. 
Father Jojm Kreckel came to St. ^[ary's Catho- 
lic church and at once entered noon an arduous 
line of (hitie.s that extended over Wapello, Jef- 

ferson. Van l>uren. Keokuk, .Mahaska, Polk, 
i Jas|)er. Marion. Monroe, Davis, .\|)panoose, 
Wayne and Decatur counties, l-'ather Kreckel 
was of sturdy, \igorous frame. in<lomitable 
will, and undying devotion to the church. He 
organized other parishes, made perilous jour- 
neys, e:icountering cold, heat, high and dan- 
gerous waters, witii the s.ime hrm determina- 
tion to overcome all obstacles, lie built a sub- 
stantial stone church on the corner of I'ourth 
and Court streets, also a convent and the St. 
Joseph school. an<l was always ready to extend 
a hel])ing hand to ( )ltunnva enterprises. He 
was a man of luarked character and accom- 
plished great good in his day and generation, 
lie died June 18, 1899, and was succeeded by 
I'athcr Kelly. There are two other Catholic 
churches : St. Patrick's, in South Ottumwa, 
with Rev. John O'Farrell as jjriest, and the 
Church of the Sacred Heart, with l-"alher 
Flood (since deceased) in charge. 

St. .Mary's parish of the Epicopal church 
i was organized at the office of Jacob Wen- 
I dall. on May 2, 1857: Rev. D. F. Hutchison 
presided: there were present Dr. L. 1). Morse, 
j James Hawley, Sr., James Sinnamon. C. J. 
[ Gilson, E. Washburn. John J. Wendall ami 
W. V. Elniendorf. The name of the parish 
was changed to Trinity a few years ago. Suc- 
ceeding Mr. Hutchi.son as rector were the fol- 
lowing: K. R. Gifford, i8r>o-i864: Walter 
V. Lloyd, 1864-1866: J. i:. Ryan. i8f.6-i87i; 
' W. C. Mills. i87_'-i875: .\. C. .Stilson, 1876- 
1889: J. H. Lloyd, 1889-1895. Rev. J. Hol- 
, lister Lynch is the jiresent rector. The present 
' number of communicants is 333 : in 1895. when 



Mr. Lxncli became rector, tliere were 235. 
^Jlie clnircli huildin^' i,'^ a l>eautiful structure 
on tlie corner of Fifth and Market .streets. 
II is a model of cliurch arcliitecture. 

The First Baptist ciiurch was organized 
March 14, 1855; 17 persons entered the or- 
ganization, viz: John i'.allard, EHzabeth 
Welhnan, Avia WeHnian. Samuel Harper, 
Mary Harper. Ann Michael, Jiliza Alcott, 
Daniel Barrett, Lydia Guthrie, Virginia Bar- 
rett, Eliza Harper, Melissa Fisher, Margaret 
Higdon, Francis Llewellyn. Charity .\ldridge. 
Mincr\a Fisher and I'arhara A. Monk. The 
cluirch has had an unusual number of pastors 
since its organization; the present pastor is 
Rev. Davies. 

The Church of Christ was organized in 
March. 1S45. with nine persons, as follows: 
Hugh Brown, Nathaniel Bell. M. J. P.ell and 
daughter, Eliza Halloway, J. Ander.son and 
wife, 11. II. Hendrick and a Mr. I'otts. H. 
H. Hendrick was ordained evangelist in the 
autumn of 1847: the ordination services were 
conducted l)y Aaron Chatterlou, who was a 
noted evangelist. 

The first Swedish Lutheran church in the 
conntv was organized about the year 1859 in 
Polk township. The church in Ottumwa was 
organized in 1871. The church building is on 
JefTerson street and is quite commodious. 

The colored people of the city have two 
churches, of the Baptist and :\Iethodist de- 
nominations, and have conifort;d)le church 
buildings. The African M. IC. church was 
organized in 1867. 

There are church organizations and edi- 

fices in South Ottumwa for the Congregati(jnal, 
Christian, Methodist Episcopal, Methodist 
Protestant, Baptist and United Bretin-en de- 
nominations. The Dunkards and Friends, or 
Quakers, are also organized and hold regular 
meetings. It siiould also be recorded that T. 
J. Hall, of the Christian or Disciple denomi- 
nation, built a small church at his own expense 
in South Ottumwa, where ser\ices are held 
each Lord's da_\ . 


The first Masonic organization in Ottum- 
wa was that of Ottumwa Lodge. No. i(), A. F. 
& A. AI., on August 18, 1848. The first offi- 
cers chosen under special dispensation were: 
H. M. C. Lane, W. M.: V. W. Coffin. S. W. ; 
J, C. Tolman, J. W. ; Samuel Carnes, treas- 
urer ; Bela White, secretary ; T. A. Truman, 
S. D. : N. L. Gei)hard, J. D. : Seth Fair, tiler. 
The charter w;is issued in No\-ember. 1848, 
vmder which the following officers were 
chosen : TL M. C. Lane. W. :\r. : \. \\ . Coffin. 
S. W.: J. C. T.ilman. J. W. : N. Baldwin, 
treasurer; Bela White, secretary; N. C. Hill, 
S. D.; N. L. Cephard, J. D. : :\r. W. Hopkin- 
son. tiler. 

Empire Lodge. No. 269, A. F. .^- .\. M., 
was organized October 21, 1869, under dis- 
pensation issued to J. C. Hinsey, W. M. ; I. N. 
Mast, S. W.; George Hill, J. W. : William S. 
Holden, S. D. ; M. McFarlin, J. D. ; John F, 
Lewis, treasurer; Joseph Gray, secretar\- ; and 
H. B. Cowell, tiler. The constituent mem- 
bers were : John Gray, L. L. McBride, O. H. 


Potts, Charles O. Williams, J. P. Carnes, O. E. 
Stewart and Charles W. Belts. 

Ottumwa Lodge, No. 9, 1. O. O. P., was 
the tirst organization of Odd Fellows, on May 
20, 1848. John F. Baldwin, Duane F. Gay- 
lord, \'. W. Coflin, Tlimnas A. Freeman, 
Thomas J. Devin, R. Boydson and George M. 
\\'right were the charter members. 

Laramie Lodge, No. 230, I. O. O. P., was 
instituted January 22, 1872, with the follow- 
ing charter members: Jacob Prugh. J. j. 
Millard, Jdlin L. Moore. 1). W. Tower, L. M. 
Godley, James Hawley, Sr., Eugene Fawcett, 

C. G. Lewis, G. A. Derby, W. W. Pollard. 

Ottumwa Lodge, No. 347, Benevolent and 
Protective Ortler of F.Iks, was instituted inider 
a charter liearing date of July 7, 1896. John 
P. Scheying was exalted ruler : F. B. Clark, 
esteemed leading knight; C. AL flyers, es- 
teemed loyal knight : J. B. McCarroll, esteemed 
lecturing knight. The other charter members 
were : Charles Hall, R. II. Moore, T. M. Gilt- 
rer, Charles A. \\'alsh, A\'. F. McDonald, H. 
M. Hedrick. S. L. McGavic. J. R. Burgess, 

D. M. Conroy, W. A. Graves, W. W. Vance, 
L. J. Baker. J. C. Cooper, Luther P.rown. Gus. 

The following orders and fraternal organ- 
izations in the city are mentioned, with the 
name of a leading member in connection there- 
\vith: A. O. U. \\'., G. A. Pitts: K. O. T. 
M., Dr. C. R. Russell : L. O. T. M., Miss Nora 
Cook; Eagles. C. .\. Brown: Foresters, John 
O'Donnell; M. W. A., Frank Norfolk; W. O. 
^\^. L. B. Scott: Knights and Ladies of Se- 
curitv. Dr. E. A. Sheafe; .\ncient Order of 

Hibernians, Fred Grier; B. of R. T., !■'. .\1. 
Reeves; K. of P., .\. G. Cook. 

.\ lodge of the .American Brotherhood of 
N'eomen was organized in November, 1899. by 
John L. Moore, 

Pickwick Lodge, .\o. 129, I. O. (). F., was 
instituted in South Ottumwa December 8, 
1891, with the following charter members: J. 
A. Ballard, A. S. Cook, D. S. Lain, W. N. Bal- 
lard, Charles E. Newnam, J. H. Finley, J. E. 
Hull, (J. L. Harris. W. F. Harsch, U. (}. 
Reed, A. G. Cook, C. T. Hartman, J. Eichen- 

^^'a])ello Lodge, No. (1^2, I. O. O. V., was 
instituted in South Ottumwa, Decenil>er 8, 
1897. with the following charter members: J. 
A. Ballard. H. D. Rime. J. H. Finley. W. N. 
P.allard, J. I'.ichenberry. M. Schwartzcnbach, 
L. McCrarx-. J. .\. Rupe, J. W. Carson, R. S. 
Carson, .\. T. Snider, S. L. Finley, Samuel 
Ilanling. \'. E. Bees(jn. 

Dorcas Lodge. No. 1888, I. O. O. F. (Re- 
bekah degree), was instituted in South Ottum- 
wa, October 19, 1893, with the following 
charter members : J. Eichenberry, Mary Eich- 
enbcrry, W. .\. Ballard and wife Hester, .\. 
S. Cook and wife Anna, J. A. Ballard and wife 
Lizzie J.. J. H. Finley and wife Lueila, Charles 
E. Newnaiu and wife .Mice, W. F. Harsch and 
wife Rosanna, F. W. Steel Mid wife Ella. 
U. G. Reed and wife Fannie. H. D. Rime 
and wife .\rabella. E. L. Holt and wife Jane. 
J. E. Hull and wife Tcna, S. L. Finley and 
wife Nannie. F. G. Ven de \'en, .Vnna \'en dc 
Vm. VAhi Paxton. 

Glen wood Camp, No. 1740, Modern Wood- 



men of America, was instituted in Soiitli Ot- 
tumwa August 15, 1892, with the following 
charter members: E. M. Areuscliield, J. A. 
Ballard, W. 11. Campbell. W. L. Bateman, W. 
S. Brown. Charles E. Brown. .S. I,. Finley, O. 

E. James. J. .\. Moorhead, C. M. Xve. J. L. 
Schwartz, M. Schwartzenbach, B. W. Scott. 

F. G. Ven de \en, ( ). D. Wray 

Tuttle I'ost. Xo. -\()y. ('•. A. R., was insti- 
tuted in South Ottunnva April _>S, icS(jj, with 
the follnwing charter mcmhcrs: .M. T. Dough- 
erty. W. F. Harsch. 1). S. Lain. W. M. Duncan. 
W. II. Morgan, L. M. Adams. Jdlm Chcrrv. 
C. C. Powell. J. O. Parker, J. J. Ninemeyer. 
C;. W. Wisehart. C. \\'. Somerville. E. H. 
Thomas. B. V. Berry. W. (i. Powell. William 
j. W. G. Fish, J. H. Riggs, Griff 

Reno Post, of the Grand Army of the Re- 
public, was organized in Ottumwa. in 1879. 
but its membership was ne\-er more than about 
30: it held its charter nearly fom^ \-ears; its 
commanders were: 'rem])lin. Harness. Mor- 
timer ;md L. J. Allen. This post disbanded 
and a pctitinn for a new ])ost was circulated 
and signed 1>\- (^7 \etcrans. Tlu' name of the 
new post is Cloutman. Xo. 69; it opened with 
67 members. It was designated as Cloutman 
Post in honor of Ca])t. C. C. Cloutman. who 
was killed at Fort Donelson. II. M. I?. Scott 
was the tirst commander and served three 
terms: then came I). T. .Miller in 18S7, W. S. 
■ Coen in 1888, Timothy Egan in 1889, T. J. 
Hall in 1890, Maj. A. H. Hamiltoon in 1891. 
Tlie following named gentleman served as com- 
manders of Cioutman Post after Major. Ham- 

ilton: James H. Coe, in 1892; Levi Hills, in 
1893: S. B. Evans, in 1894; W. H. H. Asbury, 
in 1895: George H. W'heelock. in 1896: T. R. 
Bickley, in 1897; S. H. Harper, in 1898; W. 
R. W.uren. in 1899: W. H. Fetzer, in J900; 
H. L. Waterman, in 1901, Several members 
of this post have served on the department and 
ihe u'lMiiual staff. 

A camp of the Sons of Vcter;uis was or- 
ganized as Donelson Camp. No. 3_'. in 1886. 
\y. B. La Force was the tirst capt;iin ;md was 
succeeded by Dr. S. .\. Spilman. The camp 
was reorganizetl b\' Licutenruit-Colnnel Dillev, 
wlici nnistered in j^ new members in April, 
1901. The tollowing were the otihcers : Cap- 
tain, J. 1\. Dysart ; first lieutenant, John K. 
Mahon : second lieutenant. Russell Harper; 
first sergeant. Dr. M. Bannister; quartermaster 
sergeant. John R. Criley. The fulldwing are 
past captains: William M. Reece. (ieorge P. 
Salmon, 11. Al. Spilman. E. M. Campbell. W. 
T. Mollison. C. 11. .\innack. Jt is due to Cap- 
tain Mollison's efforts that there have been 
such large accessions to the camp recently. 


The first railroad to enter the city was the 
Burlington & Missouri River Railrtiad. now a 
part of the C. B. & O. Railroad .system. The 
road was formally ojjencd to pulilic use to Ot- 
tumwa September 1. 1859. Work frdui ( )t- 
tumwa west was begun in 1865 and the road 
was finished to Albia No\'ember i, 1866. The 
day that the B. & M. R. road entered Ottuni- 
wa was made memorable by a great gathering 



(it tlic people of the county, si)eeclies. toasts and 
responses. 'J'lie citizens of Ottunuva had pro- 
vided a tree (hnner mi lonj;- tahles l)cnealh 
the siiade of the trees; when the food was 
l)laced on the tahles. the thnnii;- did not 
wait for dinner to he anninmced, Imt made a 
rush and a grah, and s\ve;)t everything- off 
the tables. The dinner was :i failure, not 
because tliere was not enough ])rovideil, but 
through tlie waste ami selfishness of those 
who wanted more than a fair share of tlie 
\ictuals. After the arrival of the li. iK: M. 
R., there came the Des Moines Vallev 
Railroad (now incorporated into the C. R. I. 
& P. Ry. system) ; then the St. Louis & Cedar 
Rapids Railroad (now in the W'aliash R. R. 
system): then the Chicago. Milwaukee & St. 
Paul Railway, extending to Kansas City : •th'en 
the Fort Madison & Northwestern Railroad, 
later known as the Chicago. Fort Madison & 
Des Moines Railroad (now incUuled in the C. 
B. c^ g. R. R. system). 

The immense business done o\-er these lines 
will Ije l)etter appreciated b\- a study of the 
figures furnislied by officials c f the dififerent 
roads. The figfures are. consolidated : .\mount 
of freiglit earnings forwarded and received at 
Ottumwa station by the C. B. & Q.. C. M. & 
St. P.. C. R. L & P.. Wabasii and Fort Madi- 
.son roads, during 1900, $1,166,146.55. 

A citizen of Ottumwa, who entered tlie 
service of the C. B. & Q. Railroad when he 
was quite a young man, just returned from tlie 
Civil War, liad an extraordinary career and 
arose, as it were, from the ranks; lieginning as 
a station agent at .\lljia, he became general 

manager of the C. 15. ^: ij. Railroad system, 
and afterward genera! manager of the Union 
Pacific Railroad. This was Capt. Ihom.ts [. 
P(jttcr, .son of John and Nancy Potter, also of 
this city. He was advanced fmm station 
agent to assistant division superintendent; 
troni liiat position to charge of a division ; then 
to manager of the Iowa lints, and on until he 

I became general manager, lie was a very able 
man, and, if lie had lived, would no d<iubt have 

\ achieved still greater success. Mr. Potter was 
Imrn in Carroll county. (Jliio, .\ugust 16, 1840, 
and died in the city of Washington, March 9, 

O. 1'". Stewart is the present division sn])cr- 
intendent of the C. B. & (J. Railroad ; lie has 
also risen from an humble place to the position 
he now holds, through merit alone. 


The Des Moines Courier was the first 
newspaper established in the county, .\ugust 
8, 1848, by R. 11. Warden and J. H. D. Street. 
January 20. 1851. .Mr. Warden became sole 
proprietor. In .\\\y\\. 185J. J. W'. Xorris acted 
as associate editor and on December 20. ii55, 
he became editor and proprietor. In i8.'>0 .\. 
D. Mussclman. W'. H. Caldwell and W. C. 
Holden succecdeil .Mr. Xorris. and in .\\ignst, 
1869. Gen. John M. lledrick and Maj. .\. H. 
Hamilton became editors and proprietors. In 

! Jannarv. 1878. Major Hamilton became sole 
owner and editor. In 1857 the name of tlie 
l)aper was changed to the Oltunnva Courier, 

. and on .\pril 5. 1865, the Poily Ottumiva 



Courier was first issued and has continued to be 
prosperous and enterprising from that day to 
this. On .\\)V\\ I, 1890, A. W. Lee Ijecame 
proprietor and eihtor-in-chief of tiie Courier 
(Major lianiilton retiring), and the paper at 
once entered upon a new career of prosperity. 
On June i, 1898, he added a perfecting press, 
with great speed capacity, to the newspaper 
equipment, at a cost of several thousands of 
dollars. This was necessar\- in order to meet 
the demands of an increased subscription list. 
Mr. Lee has displayed wonderful energy in 
building up tiiis paper to metropolitan ideas and 

Li June. 1850, the Dcs Moines Republic 
was iirst published by James Baker & Com- 
pany, but it was suspended after about two 
years of existence. 

G. D. R. Boyd puljlished the first number 
of the DeinocnUie S talesman in 1858; he was 
succeeded by J. H. 1). Street, and in 1861 H. 
B. Hendershott and Y.. L. Burion became the 
owners and changed the name to the Otinnnca 
Deniocralie Cnion. In 1862 Judge Hender- 
shott retired, and S. B. Ex-ans became asso- 
ciated with ]\L\ Burton in the puljlication of 
the Democratic Mercury. Mr. Eyans went into 
the army in -\ugusl, 1862, and Judge Burt<in 
continued the publication in C(}nnection with 
his brother, S. H. Burton, until October, 1865, 
when Judge Burton sold his interests to Russell 
Higgins; in November, 1865, ]\Ir. Higgins sold 
to S. B. livans, who remained until March, 
1868, when the latter severed his connection 
with the paper, and in a few weeks it was dis- 
continued permanently. 

Li December, 1870, S. B. Evans founded 
the Ottnmwa Democrat (weekly), and in 1874 
he established the Daily Democrat. It was the 
first paper in the city printed by steam power. 
Jn 1876 he sold a half interest in the plant to 
J. W. Xorris; later on the Pemocral was con- 
solidated with the Times, under the name of 
the Democrat anil Times, which continued until 
1881. when the phuit was sold to a 
syndicate of Democrats, and the company was 
incorporated, in August, 1884, Mr. Evans 
assumed the management and thus continued 
until the paper was purchased by R. II. ]\Ioore, 
who published the jiaper until -\ugust. 1897, 
when it was consolidated with the .S"(//(. Mr. 
Moore retired in 1898, and was succeeded Vty 
Charles D. Brown & Company, until George E. 
Snuth became owner; Mr. Smith transferred 
the paiier to .Martha B. Johnston, who conduct- 
ed it a few weeks until June 15, 1901, wlien 
S. A. Brewster became sole projirietor, and who 
at once began to put forth great energy in, the 
conduct of the paper. Air. Brewster is strong 
as a writer, as well as in business qualifications. 

In 1870 H. S. Bailey began the publication 
of the /■?i'T '(■///('. which lived six months. 

In April. 1871, A. Danquard established the 
.tonrnal. a (ierman paper; in 1881 John ;\. 
Wagner became part owner, and in 1884 be- 
came sole proprietor. 

In April, 1874. the Ottumwa Printing 
Company, consisting of II. M. Ives, O. C. 
Graves, Dr. G. E. Foster cmd others, began the 
publication of the Spirit of the Times. Foster 
soon withdrew, and in 1875 H. M. Ives pur- 
chased ]\Ir. Graves' interest. In July, 1876, 



I. T. Flint acquired an interest. The Times 
was consolidated with the JJciiiocrat on Xo- 
venihcr 14, 1878. 

The Otluuvwa Press (weekly) appeared in 
1880, published hy Riley & Jones, as a modest 
and unpretending sheet, but under the intelli- 
gent direction of its proprietors it grew in cir- 
culation and in size, and attained a large cir- 
culation in souihern Iowa. Jn the \ear i8()9 
the plant was incorporated, Riley & Jones tak- 
ing a majority of the stock, and a daily edition 
of the Press api)eared. The plant was equipped 
with a speedy and cxiicnsive printing press and 
typesetting machines, hut the enterprise did n<it 
pay, and the iiapcr was forced to suspend. 

Iiic Ottuunea Saturday News appeared as 
the Sdulli Otliiiiiiea News January 4, 1890, 
with 1''. 1 1. Thomas as ]>uhlishcr. Mr. Thomas 
was appointed postmaster of ^South Ottumwa, 
disposed of his jiaper, and in the course of 
time it i)asscd into the hands of .\. Jay Stump 
and .\rtluu" AlcCirew, the jirescnt ])roprietors, 
and is now enjoving a fair degree of prosperity. 
It is independent in pt)litics. 

The Oftuinwa Sim { weekly ) was estab- 
lished in June, 1890, by S. I', and II. C. Evans, 
and prospered until it was incorporated. The 
M(inii)ii^ Sim. a dail\- morning pai)er, was es- 
tablished in 1894, and although it attained a 
circulation of nearly 2,000 as a daily edition, 
yet tiie enterprise was not profitable, and tlie 
daily was suspended. The Sim was continual 
as a weekly until July, 1897, when it was con- 
solidated with the Democrat. 

The Imiet^emient. as a weekly, was cstab- 

iishctl .May _'0, 1899, by S. li. Evans. It is 
what tile name implies, politically. 

The Saturday Herald (weekly) was estab- 
lished May _'7, 1899, by R. If. Moore. Mrs. 
Moore is assistant editor. 

.\ GLA.N'CI-: .\T M.WIFACTIRIN-C, l\TII;i-^rs 

There are a number of small factories in 
Ottumwa, but it will be our purpose to note 
only those that employ a large number of peo- 
ple, and have been ])otent in building up the 
town, giving it the i)restige of being one of 
the leading manufacturing cities in Iowa. 

.\mong the most notable of the early fac- 
tories of Ottumwa is the Johnston Rufilcr Com- 
pany, which had a very humble beginning; in 
1 87 J, however, the company erected buildings 
at a cost of $48,000, and entered upon the 
manufacture of sewing machine rufllcrs on a 
large scale, supplying a great part of this coun- 
try and many l-iuropean cities. The patents 
finally expiring, the manufacture of these de- 
vices declined, and the Ottumwa Iron Works 
developed. This factory sui)i)lies all manner 
of iron machinery, making a specialty of min- 
ing hoists and steam engines. 

The most important industrial and com- 
mercial enterprise in the city is the Morreil 
Tacking House. The peculiar r.(l\antages Ot- 
tumwa ofYers for a great packing Iiouse were 
first l)rought to the attention of T. 1). I'oster, 
through lion. J. ("». Hutchison, on Intard an 
Atlantic steamship. Mr. Hutchison was re- 
turning from Europe and Mr. Foster was on 



his way to America to seek a location. It was 
a most fortunate meeting for all concerned, 
as it resulted in inducing Air. Foster to investi- 
gate, and he was satisfied. The great English 
packing house began operations here in 1877. 
A disastrous fire took place July i-', 1893, and 
the plant was almost destroyed, ])ut it was re- 
built on a larger scale. It is one of the largest 
exclusi\-el}' pork packing houses in the world, 
with a capacity of from 4,000 to 5,000 hogs 
per day, employing over 1,000 men on the 
average during the year. The Morrell meats 
find a market in Norway, Sweden. Great 
Britain, Denmark, Germany, Holland. Austria, 
Belgium, France. Italy and Switzerland, and. 
of course, an extensive market in America. 
Agencies are established in New York, Boston, 
Memphis, San Francisco and in several other 
i\merican cities. A detailed description of the 
great plant appears in the sketch of Mr. Foster, 
which is in another part of this \-olume. Mr. 
Foster takes great interest in all public enter- 
prises and gives freely of his means to aid all 
things that contribute to the good of the city 
and county. 

The Janney Alanufacturing Company was 
established in Jul_\-, 1899. This factory manu- 
factures the Janney Common Sense Corn 
Husker and Fodder Shredder, the Janne\' Corn 
Planters and Grinders, and other agricultural 
implements and machinery. The plant is in- 
stalled in a number of extensive brick build- 
ings, and employs 150 men, exclusive of the 
office force and traveling agents. A detailed 
description of the plant appears in a sketch of 
]\Ir. Tannev in this volume. 

Tiie Dain Factory was established and be- 
gan operations early in January, 1900. The 
buildings are in South Ottumwa near the Wa- 
bash Railroad. These buildings are extensive. 
{ This establishment manufactures h;;y stackers, 
loaders, land rollers, shoveling boards, hay 
rakes, feed grinders and other agricultural im- 
plements. .\bout 150 men are employed. 

On April 20, 1891. the Hardsocg Manu- 
facturing Conipanv was incorporated for the 
manufacture and sale of mining tools. These 
implements are acknowledged to be superior to 
any other kind and are used in all the prom- 
inent mines of tlie United States. Martin 
Hardsocg, the president of the cnmpan}-, found- 
ed the plant. .\ more detailed description will 
be found in a sketch of Mr. Hardstjcg, that 
appears elsewhere in this vohnue. 

The Ottumwa Box Car Loader Company 
began operations abov.t two years ago, and 
about a }ear ago erected a ])uilding, in which 
the plant is installed. The product of the 
plant is a machine for loading box cars with 
coal. It is the invention of Henry I'liillips. 


On January (■>. 1900, Andrew Carnegie of- 
fered to gi\'e $50,000 for the erection of a 
library liuilding in Ottumwa, coupled with the 
condition that the city should by tax or other- 
wise contribute $5,000 annually for the support 
of a lil)rar\-. This ]M"oposition was accepted 
or ratified Iw the people at a special election 
held September 4, 1900. On October i, igoo, 
the following persons were named as trustees 



by Mayor T. J. Phillips: J. T. Hackwortli 
W. A. Mclntire. J. J. Smith, S. P. Hartinim, 
F. W. Sininioiis, C. M. M\-ers. C. !'. IIimwii. 
George W'ithall and 1). I". I'hisiiian. The ap- 
ix)intments were conlinnccl by the city council. 
On October 3, 1930. the trr.stees met and or- 
ganized by electing I. T. Hackworth, |)resi- 
dent : S. P. Hartman. sccret.-.ry. Steps were at 
once taken to procure a site for the building 
and to secure plans for the structure, which was 
to be completed January 20, 190J. The plans 
of Smith & Gutterson, of Des Moines, were 
adopted on May 15, 1901. and the contract for 

the building was let. The main building is to 
''*-' 93-4 l>y '>i feet, with annex of 38. 1 by 27.4 
feet, to contain Ixjoks ; the design is classic, but 
does not conform exactly to any of the different 
orders of architecture. It may l)e considered 
as Italian Renaissance, or an Italian soften- 
ing of the Greek-Doric order of architecture, 
and has a grand efifect. The contr.nctors for 
the wiirk are Bartlett & Kiing. of Galesburg. 
Illinois: the immediate directiim of the work is 
under George Withall, superintendent for the 
trustees, and R. B. Teeter, superintendent for 
the contractors. 




Official Roster of thic City of Ottumwa — Names of the Different Persons \\'h( 
HAVE Held Elective anp Appointive Offices — The Postmasters of Ottimwa. 

Following is a list of city officials for the 
past lifty years, from the time Ottumwa was 
organized as a village in 1851 up tn the present. 
The list contains many names 'hat have since 
become famous in city and state affairs, and it 
shows that some of the most substantial iiiien 
the city contained were at one time or another 
at the head or participated in its government. 
Ottumwa was organizeil on ]\lay 20, 1844, and 
the site for the city selected, but it was not un- 
til 185 1 that tlie tow^n was incorporated and a 
set of officials provided fur. When the site for 
a city was tirst selected it was given the In- 
dian name of Ottumwa, but later it was 
changed to Louisville, in honor of Louisville, 
Kentucky. This name was kept but a few 
months, when it returned to tlie old Indian 
name, which it has had since. 

George Gillas])y was the first president of 
the l)oard of trustees or mayor, as the office is 
known at present. .Since that time Ottumwa 
has passed successively through all the stages 
of a village with its board of trustees, until to- 

da_\- it is a city of the lirst class, with a mayor 
and a full set of cit_\- (officials. 


George Gillaspy, president of board; Bert- 
rand Jones, clerk (^resigned October 24; suc- 
ceeded by William H. Bomiifield) ; Duane F. 
Gaylord, treasurer; Joseph Leighton, assessor; 
T. A. Taylor, marshal (remo\ed June 14: suc- 
ceeded by William L. Bastin). 

Trustees — J. W. Caldwell, Albert Mudge, 
Silas Osborn, John .M\ers, Sr. 


Albert Mudge, president of board ; H. B. 
Hendershott, clerk; Joseph Leighton, treasur- 
er; Duane F. Gaylord, assessor; James Hall, 
marshal. : 

Trustees — George Gillaspy, J. W. Caldwell. 
James Ilawlev, Erastus \\'ashl)urn. 




Albert kludge, prcsidciU of board; 11. J]. 
Hendershott, clerk; James Hall, treasurer; 
William J. Ross, assessor; Jobii A. Newman, 

Trustees — George Gillaspy, J. W. Caldwell, 
James Hawley, Erastus Washliuni. 


A. L. Graves, president of board; William 
L. Orr, clerk; Thomas J. Holmes, treasurer; 
C. Hickenlooper, assessor; John A. Xewman. 
marshal: William Lewis, collector. 

Trustees — C. C. Warden, Stephen Oshorn, 
Joseph Leighton, Thomas G. Given. 

Trustees— E. Washburn, N. C. Hill, P. C. 
Daum and J. H. Griffith. 


The city was organized this year under its 

special charter. 

Duane V. Gaykjrd, may<:>r ; James D. Dcvin, 

recorder; S. W. Suminers, solicitor; Erastus 

Washburn, treasurer; Ilosea B. Jones, assess- 
! or; John A. Newman, marshal: .S. W. Hart- 
t well, engineer. 
I -Mdermen — First ward, D. 1!. .\brahams, 

1'. W. Hawley and Thomas Bigham ; second 
j ward, H. P. Graves, A. Hawkins and James 
{ Milligan; third ward, Charles Lawrence, W. 
I L. Orr and L A. Hammond. 


C. C. Warden, president of board: William 
L. Orr, clerk; John Graves, treasurer ( resigned 
February 7, 1856; .succeeded by X. C. Hill); 
Josiah H. Myers, assessor: H. I!. Jones, mrn- 
shal ; J. W. Ireland, collector. 

Trustees — .\. L. Graves, H. B. I lender- 
shott. Jose])h Leighton and David Gephart. 


James Hawley, president of board ; Charles 
Lawrence, clerk; Charles F. Blake, treasurer 
(resigned January 30, 1857; succeeded by W. 
L. Orr, who was elected to till die vaca'ncy) : 
Joseph Leighton, assessor; Richard Fisher, 
supervisor; J. W. Ireland, marshal and as- 



A. H. Hamilton, mayor; Newton Doggett, 
recorder (resigned October 18; succeeded by 
Walter Goldsmith); A. A. Stuart, solicitor; 
S. J. Warden, treasurer; C. F. Blake, assessor; 
Josiah H. Myers, marshal. 

.Mdermen — h'irst ward, James Hawlev. P# 
C. Daum and John I'otter; second ward, F. J. 
Hunter, J. W. Caldwell and J. Prugh (the 
latter resigned Decemlier 27 ; succeeded by J. 
W. Di.xon); third ward, J. Milburn, Thomas 
Neville and C. \. I'radsliaw. 


George Gillaspy, mayor; Walter Gold- 
smith, recorder (resigned July 11, 1861 ; suc- 
ceeded by .\. W. Gasloiil ; Frastits Washburn, 



treasurer; James A. Milligan, assessor; J. H. 
Myers, marshal (resigned October i8, 1859; 
succeeded by D. F. Gaylord). 

Aldermen — First ward, H. B. Hendershott, 
J. N. Simons and John Potter ; second ward, 
H. B. Jones, F. J. Hunter and A. Lewis : third 
ward, J. G. Baker. .\. L. Graves and C. F. 


William L. Orr. mayor; S. B. Thrall, re- 
corder; James Hawley, treasurer; J. Pru^h, 
assessor; W. H. Clifton, marshal; J. A. Milli- 
gan, street commissioner. 

Aldermen — First ward. J. \\'. Dixon, D. 
C Mitchell (resigned Feliruary 4, 1861 ; suc- 
ceeded by William Daggett) and J. William- 
son; second ward, R. H. Warden, A. Baldwin 
and A. Lotspeich (latter resigned October i ; 
succeeded by j. W. Caldwell) ; third ward. C. 
W. Kittridge, J. O'Conner and T. H. IMilburn. 


Erastus \\'asbburn, mayor; S. B. Thrall, 
recorder; E. L. Joy. solicitor; C. W. Kittridge, 
treasurer ( resigned July 1 ; succeeded by W. 
L. Orr); A. Mudge, assessor; William H. 
Clifton, marshal (resigned October 14; suc- 
ceeded bv J. i\ Lewis) ; J. A. Milligan. street 

Aldermen — First ward, William Daggett, 
E. L. Burton and J. H. Merrill; second ward, 
William J. Ross, Charles Miller and j. W. 
Caldwell ( the latter resigned August 5 ; suc- 
ceeded by A. H. Hamilton); third ward. J. 

M. Hedrick (resigned November 5; succeeded 
by S. W. Hayes), Thomas Neville and T. H. 


Samuel Gossage, mayor; A. W. Gaston, re- 
corder; Tim Riordan, assessor; \\'illiam J. 
Ross, treasurer; A. \A'. Gaston, .solicitor; 
Thomas O'Sullivan, marshal. 

Aldermen — I'^irst ward, E. L. Burton, A. 
M. Bonnifiekl and ¥. W. Hawley; second 
ward. Robert Porter (resigned June 16. suc- 
ceeded by James Cullen). J. McLeod and A. 
Dombach ; third wartl. Thomas Neville. T. J. 
Douglass and A. L. (iraves. (The latter re- 
signed October 6 ; succeeded by George D. 
Tem])le. ) 


Samuel Gossage, mayor; A. W. Gaston, re- 
corder ; Frances Bliley, treasurer; Tim Riordan, 
assessor (resigned February 4, 1864; succeed- 
ed by G. D. Temple) ; .\. W. Gaston, solicitor; 
John Danihv. marshal. 

Aldermen — First ward. K. L. Burton (re- 
signed December 7; succeeded b}- 11. V>. Hen- 
der,shott) . John Potter and M. B. Murphy; sec- 
ond ward. K. H. Stiles, William Sower and 
Joseph Wagg; third ward. T. J. Douglass, 
James Eakins and (Jeorge D. Temple. 


Manlove McFarlin. mayor; J. M. Douglass, 
recorder; Charles Lawrence, treasurer (re- 
signed January 20, 1865 ; succeeded by Thomas 



Neville); E. L. Burton, solicitor; George M. 
Wiltfong, assessor; H. B. Jones, marshal. 
(The latter resigned January i6, 1865; suc- 
ceeded by C. P. INIason.) 

Aldermen — First ward, M. B. Murphy ( re- 
signed June 30: succeeded by H. B. Hender- 
slK)tt ) , L. E. Gray and John Guyzelman : sec- 
ond ward, E. H. Stiles, 11. C'. (irubc and II. 
B. Jones ; third ward. George D. Temple, James 
Eakins and Hugh Brown. 


Samuel Gossage, mayor: J. M. Douglass, 
recorder; John Graves, treasurer; E. L. Burton, 
solicitor; John Coyan, assessor: I. L. Miiligan, 

Aldermen — First ward, A. D. Moss, A. M. 
Bonnifield and D. B. Abrahams: second ward, 
J. W. Carpenter. A. lluggins and William 
Daggett; third wartl, James Brady. A. T. 1 lull)- 
and A. W. Gaston. 


James Hawley, Sr., mayor; Robert lUnUe. 
recorder (resigned November 5: succeeded by 
S. B. Thrall) ; A. F. Hoddy. assessor: 1-:. 11. 
Stiles, solicitor; K. H. Warden, treasurer; 1. 
L. Miiligan, marshal; J. J. Adams, street com- 

Aldermen — First ward, .\. H. Hamilton, 
H. B. Sisson, P. C. Daum;second ward. J. C. 
Hinsey, J. McBride (resigned December 13; 
succeeded by J. \\'. Carpenter) and C. C. 
Peters; third ward, \V. B. Armstrong, R. J. 
Williams and Tim Riordan. 


James Hawley, Sr., mayor; S. B. Thrall! 
recorder; E. L. i'.urlon, solicitor ( resigned July 
2; succeeded by C. E. Fulton) ; W". B. Arm- 
strong, treasurer ; J. S. \V(X)d, marshal ; John 
Coyan, assessor; M. McFarlin, street commis- 

Aldermen — b'irst ward, F. W. Hawley, G. 
C. Barnes (moved out of ward in June; suc- 
ceeded by P. C. Daum), G. A. Roemer; sectmd 
ward, J. C. Hinsey, C. C. Peters, A. Dombach. 
(The latter died in August: J. \V. Caldwell 
elected) ; third ward, P. G. Ballingall, T. Rior- 
dan, W. B. Littleton. 


The city this year was reorganized under 
the general in:or])oration laws of the state. 

C. E. Fulton, mayor; S. B. Thrall, clerk; 
C. C. Blake, solicitor; J. A. Schworm, treas- 
urer; John S. Wood, marshal; John Coyan, 
assessor; M. McFarlin, street commissioner. 

Trustees — First ward, P. C. Daum, J. G. 
Meek. ( Resigned Xoveml^er 16) ; second ward,, 
J. C. Hinsey. W. W. Pollard; third ward, \V. 

B. Littleton, James Eakins. 


C. E. Fulton, mayor; S. B. Thrall, clerk; 

C. C. Blake, solicitor; W. B. Armstrong, treas- 
urer ; J. S. Woo<l, marshal ; John .Vdams, as- 
sessor ; N. A. Co<ly, street rnmniissioner. 
(Office abolished October 5.) 



Trustees — First ward, S. D. Pierce, Tim 
Riordan ; second ward. C. F. Blake, F. J. 
Clarke; third ward, J. G. Hutchison (resigned 
November i6). P. Brady; fourth ward, W. \V. 
Pollard, B. B. Durfee. 


AV. B. Littleton, mayor; \\'. H. Caldwell, 
clerk; luigene Fawcetl, solicitor; D. \\'. Trnver, 
treasurer; John S. Wcmd, marshal: John Coy- 
an, assessor; li. L. Waterman, engineer. 

Trustees — First ward, Tim Riordan, P. G. 
Ballingall ; second ward, C. F. Blake, J. S. Por- 
ter (the latter resigned May 2; succeeded by 
R. H. Warden) ; third ward. P. Brady, \\ill- 
iam Daggett (the latter resigned July 2; suc- 
ceeded by J. S. Porter) ; fourth ward, R. X. 
Harlan. John E. Cummings. 


W. B. Littleton, mayor; W. ]|. Caldwell, 
clerk; Eugene Fawcett, solicitor; L). W. Tower, 
treasurer; John Coyan, assessor; John Gray, 

Trustees — First ward. P. G. IJallingall. 
John Shea ; .second ward. K. H. \\'anlen. Carev 
Inskeep; third ward. P. Brady. J. .S. Pnrter ; 
fourth ward. R. .\. Harlan, B. B. Durfee. 


W. L. Orr. mayor ; G. E. Foster, clerk ; 
Eugene Fawcelt, solicit) ir (resigned August 
19; succeeded by McXctt); I). W. 

Tower, treasurer; John Coyan, assessor; T. 
J. Hall, marshal. The latter resigned Septem- 
ber 16; succeeded by John Gray. 

Trustees — First ward. P. G. Ballingall, 
John Shea; secontl ward, Carey Inskeep, 
Charles F. Blake; third ward, John L. ^^loore, 
Pat Brady; fourth ward, W. W. Pollard. B. B. 

W . L. Orr. max'or; G. F. Foster, clerk; J. 
B. Ennis, solicitor; D. \\'. Tower, treasurer; 
John Coyan, assessor; John Gray, marshal. 

Trustees — First ward, N. Baker, J'. G. 
Ballingall; second ward. Charles F. Blake, 
George H. Shefler; third ward, J. L. Moore, 
Pat Brady; fourth ward, W. W. Pollard, B. 
B. Durfee. 


W. L. Orr, mayor; W. II, Resor. clerk; 
O. M. Ladd. solicitor; D. W. Tower, treas- 
urer; John Coyan, assessor; John tjra\-, mar- 

Trustees — First ward. X. Baker, P. G. 
Ballingall; second ward. J. |. Millard, George 
H. Sheffer; third ward. Sim Chaney, Pat 
Brady; fi urih ward. B. I!. L'urfee. C. C. Peters. 

W. L. Orr. mayor; W. II. ('lorsuch, clerk 
(resigned April 2b. succeeded by W. H. b"et- 
zer) ; O. M, Ladd, solicitor 1 resigned Sejjt em- 
ber 6, succeeded byCapt. W. H. C. Jaipies) ; 
D. W. Tower, treasurer; Al. X'annamau. mar- 
shal ; [. F. Lewis, assessor. 



'rnistecs — First ward, W. P.. Armstronsj, 
P. G. Ballingall; second ward, J. J. Millard. 
James liawley (resigned July 10, succeeded 
by H. L. Waterman) ; third ward. Sim Chaney ; 
jiihn L. Moore; fourth ward, C. C. Peters, 
J. M. Lamnie (resigned October 1 i. succeeded 
by B. j. lloulton ). 


The city limits were extended this year. 

0. D. Tisdale. mayor; W. H. Fetzer, clerk; 
J. 15. luinis, solicitor: I), W. Tower, treasur- 
er; J. S. Porter, assessor; E. B. Davis, 

Trustees — First ward. W. B. .\rnistrong, 
P. G. Ballingall; second ward. James Mawley, 
\\'. D. ^.IcCue; third ward, J. L. Moore, W. A. 
AlcGrew; fourth ward, J. M. Lamme, B. J. 


J. S. Porter, mayor; \\'. H. Fetzer, clerk; 
J. B. Ennis, solicitor; \Vade Kirkpatrick, treas- 
urer; J. F. Lewis, assessor; E. B. Davis, mar- 
shal. The latter resigned October 19, and was 
succeeded by T. B. Trotter. 

Trustees — First ward. P. G. Ballingall. 
Kinsey Jordan ; second ward, Charles F. Blake, 
W. D. McCue; third ward, W. A. McGrew, 

1. X. Mast; fourth ward, 15. J. Boulton, L. E. 


J. S. Porter, mayor; \V. H. Fetzer. clerk; 
Calvin Manning, solicitor; Wade Kirkpatrick, 

treasurer; J. L. I larman, as.sessor; T. B. Trot- 
ter, marshal. 

Trustees — First ward, P. G. Ballingall, 
Kinsey Jordan; second ward, C. F. Blake, O. 
M. Ladd; third ward, W. A. McGrew, I. N. 
Mast; fourth ward, C. 15. Rounds, L. E. Gray. 
The latter resigned and was succeeded b\- Ja- 
cob Chilton. 


W. II. Resor. mayor (died January 25, 
1880; H. L. Waterman appointed February 9, 
1880) ; W. II. Fetzer, clerk; Calvin Manning, 
solicitor; Wade Kirkpatrick. treasurer; 11. B. 
Jones, a.s.sessor; J. C. Slaughter, marshal; H. 
L. Waterman, engineer. The latter resigned 
January 19. 1880. 

Trustees — First ward. I'. G. Ballingall, 
Kinsey Jordan; second ward. O. M. Ladd, 
Charles F. Blake ; third ward. W. A. McGrew, 
John L. Moore (the latter resigned February 
9, 1880; no appointment made) ; fourth ward, 
C. B. Rounds. W. F. Chambers. 


11. L. AN'atcrman. mayor; W. H. Fetzer, 
clerk; Calvin Manning, solicitor; Wade Kirk- 
patrick, treasurer; H. B. Jones, assessor; John 
Robin.son, marshal; Robert Douglass, city en- 

Trustees — First ward, Kinsey Jordan, P. 
B. Murphy ; second w ard, Charles F. Blake, 
O. M. Ladd; third ward, W. A. McGrew, W. 
A. Coombs (to fill vacancy) ; fourth ward, W. 
E. Chambers, C. B. Rounds. 


(City limits extended this year.) 
H. L. NVaterman, mayor; \\'. H. Fetzer, 
clerk; Calvin Manning, solicitor; W. W. Pol- 
lard, treasurer; J. H. Myers, assessor; John 
Robinson, marshal. 

Trustees — First ward, P. B. Murphy, E. L. 
Lathrop; second ward, O. M. Ladd, Carey Ins- 
keep; third ward, W. A. McGrew. W. A. 
Coombs ; fuurth ward, C. B. Rounds, W. E. 


H. L. Waterman, mayor ; \V. H. Fetzer, 
clerk ; W. D. Tisdale, solicitor ; W. W. Pollard, 
treasurer; J. H. Myers, assessor; Dan Han- 
non, marshal. 

Trustees — ward, E. L. Lathrop, F. 
M. Hartman ; second ward, Carey Inskeep, Cal- 
vin Manning; third ward, W. A. Coombs, W. 
A. McGrew ; fourth ward, W. E. Chambers. 
C. B. Rounds. 


H. L. Waterman, mayor; \\'. H. Fetzer, 
clerk; W. D. Tisdale, solicitor; W. W. Pol- 
lard, treasurer; J. H. Myers, assessor; T. B. 
Trotter, marshal. 

Trustees^First ward, F. M. Hartman, 
P. G. Ballingall ; second ward, Calvin Man- 
ning. Carey Inskeep; third ward, \\'. A. Mc- 
Grew, L. J. Michael ; fourth ward, C. B. 
Rounds, Frank Feidler. 


G. A. Madson, mayor; W. S. Coen. clerk; 
Charles Hall, solicitor; A. Hawkins, treasurer; 
John Ford, assessor; T. B. Trotter, marshal. 

Trustees — First ward, P. G. Ballingall, S. 
Kirkpatrick; second ward, Carey Inskeqj, Cal- 
vin ^Manning; third ward. L. J. Michael, W. A. 
McGrew; fourth ward, Frank Feidler, W. F. 


G. A. Madson, mayor; C. A. Walsh, clerk; 
Charles Hall, solicitor; A. Hawkins, treas- 
urer; H. B. Jones, assessor; E. S. Kent, mar- 

Trustees — First ward, S. Kirkpatrick, P. 
G. Ballingall; second ward, Cahin Manning, 
M. Kubitshek; third ward, W. A. ]\IcGrew, 
J. R. Burgess; fourth ward, W. F. McCarroll, 
\M H. Stevens. 


Frank Dungan, mayor; C. A. Walsh, 
clerk (resigned April 5, 18S6, succeeded by 
A. Melick) ; Charles Hall, solicitor; A. Haw- 
kins, treasurer; John Ford, assessor; H. C. 
Williams, marshal. 

Trustees — First ward, S. Kirkpatrick, long 
term ; R. T. Shea, short term ; second ward, 
M. Kubitshek. Evan Junes; third ward, J. R. 
Burgess, John C. Tordan : fdurth ward, \\'. H. 
Stevens, Timothy Egan ; fifth ward, N. S. Pol- 
ing, long term ; T. E. Gibbons, short term. 




H. B. Hendershott, mayor; H. I). Craw- 
ford, clerk: W. W. Epps, solicitor; C. T. Hart- 
man, treasurer; E. P. Hughes, assessor; H. 
C. \\''illiams. marshal. 

Trustees — First ward, S. Kirkpatrick, R. 
T. Shea: second ward, l'".\an joncs. C. F. 
Blake; third wartl, John C Jirdau, j. Iv. Bur- 
gess; fourth ward, T. Egan, J. C. Hinsey; 
fifth ward: N. S. Poling, T. E. Gihhons: sixth 
ward, Chru'les Schick, long term: L. P. Rus- 
sell, shdrt term. 


H. B. Hendershott, mayor; M. A. Roherts. 
clerk: W. W. Epps, solicitor: C. T. Hartman, 
treasurer; E. P. Hughes, assessor; Dan Ilan- 
non. marshal. 

Trustees — First ward, R. T. Shea, Jerry 
Van Gent: .second ward. C. F. Blake. F. W. 
Wilson: third ward. J. R. Burgess. J. T. 
Bowles: fourth ward, J. C. Hinsey. H. P. 
Keyh(^e; fifth ward, T. E. tiihbons. J. T. Bohe; 
sixth ward, Charles Schick, L. P. Russell. 


W. W. E])ps, mayor; M. A. Roberts, clerk; 
D. H. Emery, solicitor; F. Von Schrader, 
treasurer; E. P. Hughes, assessor; Dan Han- 
non, marshal. 

Trustees — First ward, Jerry Van Gent, T. 
H. Pickler; second ward, F. W. Wilson, Will- 
iam M. Reece ; third ward, J. T. Bowles, Sam- 

uel Mahon; fnurth w.ird, J I. P. Keyhoe, J. C. 
Hinsey: fifth ward. J. 1". I!.,hc, E. E. McEl- 
roy; sixth ward, J.. !'. Rus.sell, P.. V. Hyatt. 


\V. W. Epps, mayor; M. A. Roberts, clerk; 
n. H. Emery, solicitor; V. Von Schrader, 
treasurer; E. P. Hughes, assessor; Dan ilan- 
non, marshal. 

Tru.stees— First ward, 1". M. Gortner, 'i'. 
II. Pickler; second ward, William M. Reece, 
E. H. Hoglund; third ward, Samuel Mahon, 
C. .\. Walsh; fourth ward. H. P. Keyhoe, J. 
C. Hinsey; fifth ward. E. E. McElroy, John 
y. Lewis; Sixth ward. B. F. Hyatt, C. T. Mc- 


City limits extended this year. J. K. Bur- 
gess, mayor: James Conway, clerk; L. C. Hen- 
dershott, solicitor: F. \'on Schrader. treasurer; 
S. P. Hartman. assessor; A. J. Mader. mar- 
shal; S. H. Burton, engineer. 

Trustees— First ward. T. H. Pickler. F^ 
M. (iortner; second ward. E. Hoglund. George 
H. Sheffer; third ward. C. A. Walsh. .Arthur 
Gephart; fourth ward. J. C. Hinsey, A. W. 
Buchanan: fifth ward. John F. Lewis, D. E. 
Chi.sman; sixth ward. C. T. ^[cCarroll : P. B. 


J. R. Burgess, mayor: James Conway, 
clerk; L. C. Hendershott. solicitor: F. Von 



Schrader, treasurer; S. P. Hartman, assessor; 
H. C. Williams, marshal; S. Jl. Burton, engi- 

Trustees — First ward. T. 11. Pickler. 
Thomas Keefe; second ward, (ieorge H. 
Sheffer, T. P. Spilman : third ward. Arthur 
Gephart, II. C. Evans; fourth wartl, A. W. 
Buchanan, D. A. Emery; fifth ward, D. E. 
Chisnian, H. D. Crawford; sixth ward, P. B. 
Murphy, H. L. Hedrick. 


(This year the cit_\- was organized as a city 
of the first class, and the i)roper officers elected 
at the March election. City limits extended 
by resolution Fehruary 6. 1S93; also April 17, 


D. A. LaForce. mayor; L. AI. Godley, 
auditor and clerk: W. W. Epps, solicitor; F. 
Von Sclu-adcr. treasurer; ^^'. II. Lewis, as- 
sessor; C. R. Allen, engineer; J. B. Gephart, 
marshal; F. G. Orelup, police judge; B. \V. 
Van Der A'eer, chief of police. 

Aldermen-at-large — A. C. Leighton, term 
expired .March, 1895 ; A. P. Peter.son, term ex- 
pired March. 1894. 

Ward aldermen — First ward, Thomas 
Keefe, term expired March, 1895; second 
ward, George H. Shefifer, term expired March, 
1894; third ward, II. L. Waterman, term ex- 
pired March, 1S94; fom-fh ward, A. ^^■. Bu- 
chanan, term expired March, 1895; fifth ward, 
J. A. Ballard, term expired March, 1895 > sixth 
ward, M. L. Kirk, term expired March, 1894. 


D. A. LaForce, mayor; L. M. Godley, aud- 
itor and clerk; W. W. Epps, solicitor; F. Von 
Schrader, treasurer; W. H. Lewis, assesor; 
C. R. .Mien, engineer; J. B. Gephart, marshal; 
I F. G. Orelup, police judge; B. W. Van Der 
\'ecr, chief of police. 

Aldermen-at-large — A. C. Leighton, E. H. 
I Thomas. 

\\'ard aldermen — First ward, T. F. Keefe j 
second ward, S. D. Baker ; third ward, W. 1 1. 
H. Ashury ; fnurtli ward, A. W. lUichanan; 
fifth ward, J. A. Ballard; si.xth ward, M. L. 


D. A. LaForce, mayor; L. M. Godley, aud- 
itor and clerk ; W. W. Epps, solicitor ; S. L. 
Vest, treasurer; Charles Hall, police judge; 
C. R. Allen, engineer; C. E. Benson, assessor; 
M. IMorrissey. mar.shal ; B. W. Van Der Veer, 
chief of ]K")lice. 

Aldermen-at-large — E. H. Thomas, S. A. 

^\'ard aldermen — First ward. T. F. Keefe; 
second ward, S. D. Baker; third ward. \\'. H. 
H. Ashury; fourth ward, C. \\'. ^Majnr; fifth 
ward, H. D. Crawford; sixth ward, M. L. 


D. .\. LaForce, mayor; L. M. Godley, aud- 
itor and clerk; W. W. Epps, solicitor; S. L. 
Vest, treasurer; C. E. Benson, assessor; C. R. 



Allen, engineer; Charles Hall, police judge; 
M. Morrissey, marshal ; R. \\'. Van Dcr Veer, 
chief of police. 

Aldermen-at-large — S. A. Spilnian, L. E, 

Ward aldermen — First ward; T. F. Keefe ; 
second ward, S. D. Baker; third ward, C. M. 
Myers; fourth ward, C. W. Major; fifth ward, 
H. D. Crawford (removed from the city: J. 
W. Sampson elected to fill vacancy November. 
1896); sixth ward, Sanford W. Witlirow. 


T. J. Phillips, mayor ; W. A. Stevens, aud- 
itor and clerk; W. W. Epps, solicitor; L. E. 
Stevens, treasurer; J. T. Brady, engineer; H. 
I. ]\IcCarroll, assessor; Charles Hall, police 
judge; H. C. Williams, marshal and chief of 

Aldermen-at-large— L. E. Rogers, E. Hog- 

Ward aldermen — First ward, T. F. Keefe; 
second ward, S. D. Baker: third ward, C. M. 
Myers; fourth ward. Josejih Daniels: fifth 
ward, \\'. I. Peck ; sixth ward, Sanford W. 


T. J- Phillips, mayor; W. .\. Stevens, audi- 
tor and clerk ;' W. H. C. Jaques, solicitor ; L. 
E. Stevens, treasurer; J- T. Brady, engineer; 
J. T. Smith, assessor: Charles Hall, police 
judge; H. C. Williams, chief of police. 

Aldermen-at-large — T. E. B(jggs, F. Hog- 

\\ anl aldermen — First ward, T. E. Keefe; 

I second ward, E. H. Mather; third ward, W. 

H. II. .Vshury; fourth ward, B. F. Hyatt: 

fifth ward, N. Poling; sixth ward, Stephen 

Barnes: seventh ward, J. E. Hull. 


P. H. Pickler, mayor; W, A. Lewis, audi- 
tor and clerk: \V. H. C. Jaques, solicitor; 
James V. Curran, treasurer; J. T. Brady, en- 
gineer: J. T. Smith, assessor; E. G. Moon, 
police judge ; John Gray, chief of police. 

Aldermen-at-large — E. Hoglund and T. E. 

Ward aldermen — First ward, T. F. Keefe; 
second ward, E. II. Mather: third ward, 
Claude M. Myers: fourth ward. B. I'. Hyatt; 
fifth ward, Charles Deeds ; sixth ward, Stephen 
Barnes: seventh ward, W. W. Rankin. 

(Note: — Dr. B. F. Hyatt died in July, 
! 1901. He was succeeded by his son. Dr. F. 
B. Hyatt.) 



Paul C. Jeffries, Richard 11. Warden, 
Stei)hen Osborn, John C. Fisher, Thomas J. 
Holmes, J. W. Xorris, J. M. Hedrick, .\. II. 
Hamilton, S. B. Evans, R. L. Tilton, J. R. 
Burgess, A. W. Lee. 



Origin and Development of Water Power and Water Works — Concise 
Statement Relating to the Enterprise. 

The origin and dcvelupment of the Ot- 
lunuva Water Power and Water Works in and 
connected with the city of Ottunnva form an 
important, checkered and interesting chapter 
in the development and growth of the city. 

In 1876 certain surveys were made of the 
fall of water in the Des Moines River from 
Chillicothe to the point of the present dam, in 
the western part of the city, and a number of 
Ottumwa's enterprising citizens conceived the 
idea that a \-alual>le water jjower could be 
secured by Iniilding a dam and utilizing this 
power for manufacturing and other purposes. 
A corporation, entitled the Ottumwa W'ater 
Power Company, was organized in that year, 
and a contract to put in the dam over the Des 
Moines River in the vicinity of Turkey Island, 
and to construct the head and tail races and 
other necessary improvements for utilizing 
water power. The company was capitalized 
for $100,000 and the stock subscribed for by 
numerous citizens of Ottumwa. The contract 

v,as let and the work begun in 1876, and the 
work of construction was completed during 
the year 1877. The year 1876 turned out to 
be a very rainy year. The river was fre- 
quently high, and from time to time great dam- 
age was done 1)\- the Hoods to the impro\-e- 
ment, and 'it pro\ed to l)e much more expen- 
sive than was tigured upon. Al)out $80,000 
was collected from the stockholders and put 
into the works, but they were then in such 
condition that the company was obliged to go 
into debt in large sums to complete the im- 
provement and save what had already been 
expended. To this end S. L. \\'iley & Com- 
pany, contractors, were employed, and from 
1877 to 1879 put in additional work ujjon these 
impro\-ements to the amount of about $80,000, 
so that when completed the plant had cost 
about $160,000; but the value and revenues 
derived from it were scarcely sufficient to pay 
for the contract work done from 1877 to 1879, 
and, as a result, the original stockholders sunk 



their entire investment of $80,000, and tlie 
stock of that company became wortiiless. 

In 1882, Mr. Wiley, to whom the old com- 
pany was largely indebted, together with a few 
associates, organized and incorporated the Ot- 
tnmwa Hydraulic Power Ciim])anv. The wa- 
ter power plant was conveyed to this com- 
pany and the original cf)mpany disbanded. 
Its fate and destiny are almost pathetic. Well 
does the writer remember the high hopes which 
were entertained of it when the result nf the 
survey of the river and the golden promises 
of an extensive water power in our midst were 
made known. When the com])an\- was or- 
ganized, and had gone thruugh the nrdinary 
stages of public meetings 'and much speech 
making, and importunity to subscribe, and the 
amount was finally subscribed, great enthusi- 
asm pre\ailed in Ottnmwa. A brass band was 
called into recpiisition, and the promoters and 
friends of the enterprise marched through tlie 
streets to the joyous and exhilarating music. 
Finally, the lawyers administered ui)on the 
com])any, and for several years our dockets 
were crowded with numerous suits for and 
against the Ottnmwa Water Power C<imi)any. 
The Hydraulic Power Company, in order to 
raise the money to pay w'hat was due to the 
contractc^rs. gave a bond and mortgage, and 
this remained until 1887, when the company 
conveyed its properties to a new company then 
organized, and which will be spoken of ])res- 

In 1882 the farmers living along the river 
between the dam and for a mile or two above 
the Des Moines River bridge conceived the 

idea tliat their farms were greatly injured by 
ivater back-set from tlie dam and by percola- 
tion through the banks and under their soil. 
This belief and conviction, though ])ossibly a 
mistaken one, was honestly entertained, and 
the theory was greatly sustained l)y a series 
of failure to crops. The company contended 
that this was not due to back-set water from 
the dam nnr u< percolation, l)Ut to n series of 
wet and rainy sea.sons, which prevailed for 
most of the years between 1876 and 1883, and 
in sup])ort of this claim i^ointed to the fact that 
from the same cause the fiat lands upon the 
prairies were also unproductive, — raised more 
weeds than corn. 

Finallv, 13 or 20 suits for damages were 
brought by the river-bottom farmers, aggre- 
gating in their claims perhaps $30,000 or 
$40,000. One of these suits was brought by 
O. P. Bizer in 1882 against the Hydraulic 
Power Company and the Ottuniwa Water 
Power Company, which gave rise to one of the 
most hotly contested, interesting, lengthy and 
expensive law suits in the history of the coun- 
ty, fudge Traverse presided, assisted by a 
jurv. and the trial lasted from the 22d day 6f 
October to the 14th day of November. Over 
a hundred witnesses were examined, pro and 
con, and every intere.sting history of the Des 
Moines River, beginning wiith the floo<l in 
1851 and coming down to the trial, was given 
by the various old settlers who had lived along 
the iriver. The tables of >these high water 
marks and the information contributed by these 
old settlers make a very interesting page in 
the history- of this county and of the Des 



Aloines River. The trial resulted in a \erclict 
and judgment in favor of Mr. Bizer and 
against the Hydraulic Power Company. It 
was appealed to the Supreme Court, and in 
1886, in Octoher, that ccurt reversed the judg- 
ment (.»f the court helow and sent the case hack 
for a new trial. However, a law point made 
in the decision was so dangerous to the plain- 
tiffs that the cases were abandoned and dis- 
missed. Dry seasons then set in. and after 
a year or two these lands all got back to their 
original fertility, and after a time thus demon- 
strated that the theory, honestly entertained 
by the farmers, was a mistaken one, and that 
the dam had done their farms no injury. The 
expense of these litigations and the lack of 
revenues, together with the expense of keep- 
ing the property u]), deprived the Hydraulic 
Power Company of the prosperity for which 
it had hoped, and. after mortgaging the plant, 
it finalh' deeded the same in 1887 to a new 
■company. This traces, in brief, the liistory 
of thel water power improvement enterprise 
from its beginning in 1876 to 1887. 

The movements which resulted in the build- 
ing of water works to su]i]il\' tlie city and its 
citizens with water was inaugurated in 1877. 
In August of that year the city council granted 
to S. L. Wiley & Company a charter or fran- 
chise to build a swstem of water works within 
the city. This franchise was to extend for 
twenty-five years, and will, consequently, ex- 
pire in September, 1902. This is the fran- 
chise tmder which the water works have ever 
since been operated. In the same year a cor- 
poration was organized by Mr. Wiley, named 

tb.e Ottumwa Water Works, and this franchise 
was transferred to that company by the concur- 
rence and consent of the city council. The 
construction of the water works was soon en- 
tered upon: though the time fixed for com- 
pletion was January, 1879, yet from various 
causes the time was extended to July, 1880, for 
final completion, though the works had been 
used to some extent prior. Since their origi- 
nal c< instruction the works ha\-e been extended 
from time to time until thev now embrace 
about 24 miles of main pipe, and furnish for 
consumption about 60,000,000 gallons of water 
I per month. The works were largely con- 
structed with borrowed capital, and in 1887 
this company then had a mortgage on its plant 
of about $120,000. In that year a new cor- 
poration was formed under the name and style 
of the Iowa W'ater Company, with an author- 
ized cai)ital of $750,000. It jiurcliased the 
plant of tlic Hydraulic Power Company and 
of the Ottumwa Water Works and assumed 
the mortgages upon both. It then gave upon 
these combined plants a mortgage securing 
$400,000 of lionds. Of these bonds $100,000 
were paid to retire a like amount of Hydraulic 
Power Company bonds, $120,000 to take up 
that quantity of bonds of the Ottumwa Water 
\A'orks Company, and $130,000 to pay the 
floating debts. This left $50,000 in the treas- 
ury, which was subsequently expended in the 
improvement of the plant. 

It will thus be seen that at the time the 
Iowa Water Company was formed, in 1887, 
and took these two properties, they liad cost 
about $500,000. 



In 1890 and i<Syi, in obedience to the de- 
mand of the city and, particnlarly, of tlie peo- 
ple of Soutli Otluniwa, it exiiendcd about $60,- 
000 in new inipni\cnicnts. an<l then for tlie 
iirst time the writer mains were taken over to 
Sonth Ottnnnva. Tliese ii.iprovements re- 
suUcd in adding about eight and a half miles 
of new mains. 

The Iowa Water Company defaulted on 
the interest of its bonds in April, 1S94, and 
foreclosure was begun in tlie United States 
Court at Keokuk in July of that year. Pend- 
ing the forceliisurc. and at the urgent solicita- 
tion of the cit\- of (Jttumwa. the court ordered 
the receiver to construct a Jewell tilter plant, 
at a cost of about $21,000, and provided for 
the means through the sale of receiver certifi- 
cates, which were made a Hen upon the prop- 
erty ahead of aJ! the mortgage bonds. In 
I-"ebruary, 1897, a general decree of foreclos- 
ure was rendered and the property sold to a 
bondliolders' committee in July of that year. 
A new corjjoration was formed under the name 
of the City Water Supply Company, and the 
properties were conveyed to this company in 
Septemljer, 1897. and since that time have been 
owned and operated by the last named com- 
pany. Since the foreclosure suit was begun in 
1894 there have been expended, in permanent 
impro\ements upon the water works and water 
power plants, including the filter, about $/S<- 
000. The City Water Supi)ly Company put 
two mortgages upon the plants, one lor $150,- 
000. to provide for certain outstanding bonds 
of the old Ottumwa Water Power Company, 
which were i1ot exchanged for a like ipiantity 

of $400,000 series; and improvemeiu then 
made and to l)e made, including expenses of 
foreclosure. Jt also executed, subject to this 
mortgage, another called an income mortgage, 
to secure the old bondholders the amount found 
due under foreclosure of the old mortgage and 
to be accepted in lieu thereof, — this mortgage 
being for $325,000. Upon the first mort- 
gage, above mentioned, the interest has been 
paid. None has been paid upon the second 
because tli€ net earnings have been insufficient 
for that purpose and also because a certain 
portion thereof has been set aside for contem- 
plated improvements. 

The gross annual earnings of the property 
are about $32,000. Eor the past two or three 

1 years differences have arisen between the water 
company :uid the city authorities in respect to 
the quantity and quality of the water being 
furnished, the pressure, etc., and finally the 
city authorities concluded to take steps to com- 
mit the city to build and own a water plant of 
its own. Looking to this purpose and end, 
ordinances were passed, and on the 30th day 
of March, 1901, a provisional contract, sub- 
ject to the ratification of the voters of the ciu, 
was entered into with tlie Fruin-Bambrick 
Con.struction Company. <, f St. L-ntis, Mis- 
souri, to construct a system of water w<;rks for 
the city to cost alnmt $400,003. the arrange- 
ment being to issue bonds or ()bligati(.ns of 

I the city to the amount of $400,000. sell the 
same, and with the proceeds of the sale to pay 
the contractt>rs for constructing the works. 

j .After this was entered into a proclamation 
w;is issued for .in electicm to be Iicld I'li Mav 



6, 1901, for the purpose oi appro\ing- said con- 

At this juncture the City Water Supply 
Company filed its bill in chancery in the United 
States Circuit Court, for the Southern Dis- 
trict of Iowa, asking that court to restrain the 
city from holding the election, or from issuing 
any bonds, or from carr\ing out said contract. 
A teniporar\- restraining order ti) prevent the 
election was made, and ^lay 31 fixed for hear- 
ing at Council Bluffs as to whether the court 
would grant a temporary injunction. This 
matter was argued at Cnuncil Bluffs and taken 
under advisement. 

On July 30, 1 90 1, the court filed its opin- 
ion, and with it an order enjoining the city 
from carrying out the contract, or from issuing 
any bonds, upon the ground that to do so 

would violate that provision in tiie constitu- 
tion of Iowa limiting the right of cities to be- 
come indel)ted in an amount exceeding five per 
cent on the \-alue oi taxable property at the 
last assessment. The court declined to en- 
join the city from holding an election. .\ 
proclamation has since been issued to hold an 
election on the 7th (la_\- of Septeml)er, 1901, 
and the cit}- has taken steps to a]jpeal from 
the decision, of the court. The result of the 
election was in favor of approving the con- 

Such, in brief, is the history of the com- 
panies which ha\e constructed and carried on 
the water power and water works improxe- 
ments, beginning in 1876, and such is the status 
of the water works matter in the City of Ot- 
tumwa at the time this volmr.e goes to press: 









The Great Coal Palace Advektisinc Ottumwa as the Center of a \ast Coal Region 
—Visited bv the Pkesidknt and Other Distinguished Men of the Repiblic— 
Its SrccEss Financially and Otherwise— List of Shareholders. 

Ottumwa is situated so as to comniand the 
distribution of a vast tonnage oi coal ; it is the 
headquarters of the great White lireast Com- 
pany and of various other corporations that 
furnish coal to the multitude. During the two 
years ending June 30, 1900. tlie output of coal 
in the territory in the \icinity of Ottumwa 
and tributary to this city was 6,230,750 tons. 
The prices of coal are as follows : Lump, 
$2.50 ])er ton; mine run, $1.25; steam, $i.oo. 
These prices are low as compared to those in 
other cities, and afford manufacturers cheap 
fuel, which is a most important item for the. 
factory as well as for the ordinary consumer. 
In consequence of this and other natural ad- 
vantages presented, Ottumwa is becoming a 
factory town, giving employment to a large 
number of operatives. The products of the 
factories are steam hoisting machines for 
mines, steam engines, boilers and all kinds of 
iron and steel work, material for bridges, agri- 

cultural implements, etc. i'lic Mcjrrcll I'ack- 

nig House employs men and ships its 

products all over the United States and to 

[ many parts of Europe. These industries are 

1 in a thriving condition, growing in ini])ortance 

! year by year and iiKreasing tiieir business. 

The coal interests cf this and adjacent 
counties and the vast dei)r,sits that were known 
j to exist |)rompted the far-.seeing business men 
of Ottumwa. in 1890. to facts to the 
I world, which they did in this manner: They 
[ secured by subscriptions from Ottumwa pco- 
j pie a sum amounting to over twenty thousaifd 
dollars, with which they built a palace of coal, 
'ihis does not imply that the structure was 
made of such a frail building material as bi- 
tuminous coal, hut the product was used in a 
judicious and artistic manner, so that coal 
seemed to be the predominating feature. It 
was built on the ground immediately north and 
west of the Union Depot, the property then of 



Col. P. G. Ballingall. and at last the palace was 
ready for the opening. The dimensions of 
the palace were as follows: 230 hy 130 feet, 
two stories in height, with a tower 200 feet 
in height. The stories above ground) were 
used for e.xhibits of various pri iducls, agri- 
cultural and mechanical. There was a mu- 
seum attached that was of great interest. In 
the basement of the structure there was the 
representation of a coal mine, which was quite 
realistic. The palace was opened to the pub- 
lic September 16, 1890, and was not closed 
until October 1 1 of the same year. Multi- 
tudes of people from S(juthern lnwa were 
present at the opening, and nearly every day 
thereafter the palace was crowded. There 
were davs especially set apart U>v ciamties in 
Southern Iowa, as for example: There was 
Van Buren County Day, Jefferson County 
Day, Monroe County Day, Davis County Day, 
Lucas County Day, and so on until each county 
manifesting an interest had its special day and' 
special programme. 

Calvin I\Ianning generally acted as man- 
ager, and made the announcements in a sonor- 
ous voice that reached to cxcry ])art of the 
building. The Ottumwa Coal Palace Com- 
pany was incorporated with the following- 
named gentlemen as incorporators: P. G. 
I'.allingall, Charles F. Blake, \\'. T. Harper, 
j. W. (larncr, A. G. Harmw, R. PI. Aloore, 
W. R. Daum, J. C. Manchester. Henry Phil- 
lips, A. W. Johnson, Calvin Planning, \\'. B. 
Bonnifield, John C. Jordan, Samuel Mahon, 
F. W. Simmons, J. W. Edgerly, John S. Wolf, 
A. II. Hamilton, George Riley, A. \V. Lee, 

J. G. Meek, \\'. B. Smith, Samuel A. Flagler, 
A. C. Leighton, J. E. Hawkins, W. T. Fen- 
ton, Frank Fiedler and Thomas D. Foster. 
The articles provided that the company should 
begin Ijusiness on the first Monda}- in April, 
1890, and shoidd endiu'e twcntx' _\-ears from 
said date. 

The following were the officers and direc- 
tors of the Coal Palace Company : 

P. G. Ballingall, president ; Samuel A. 
Flagler, \ice-presidcnt : Calvin Manning, sec- 
retary ; W. T. Fenton, treasurer. 


J. W. Garner, j. R. Hawkins, (jcorge 
Withall, J. G. Meek, Henry Phillips, W". T. 
Harper, Dr. W. B. Smith, A. W. Johnson, 
J. C. Manchester. 

.V list of the \-arious committees, with theiit 
|)ersonncl, follows : 

Excciitit'c — Henr\- Phillips, George With 
all, J. ^^'. Garner. 
i li.vhihils — Samuel A. l'"lagler, C. O. 'J'ay- 
j lor, F. \'on Schrader, H. C. Xosler. F. W.- 
i Simmons. 

I'i nance — J. G. Meek, A. W. Johnson, J. 
E. Hawkins. 

Dccoralions — J. W. Garner, W. T. Har- 
per, (jeorge Withall. 

Biiihiiiig — George Withall, Henry Phil- 
lips, Dr. W. B. Smith. 

Prki'lcgcs — A. W. Johnson. J. W. Garner, 
J. G. !\Ieek. 

Printing — J. C. Manchester, Dr. W. B. 
Smith, A. \\'. Tohnson. 



Entertainment — Dr. W. \\. Smith. J. C. 
Manchester, Henry Pliilhi)S. 

Reception — W. T. liarpcr, J. I'.. Ilawkins. 
J. C. Manchester. 

Police—]. E. Hawkins, J. G. Meek, W. T. 

Committee on Counties — Marion county. 
Samuel .V. Flagler; Monroe county, \\'. T. 
Fenton ; Appanoose county, J. ¥.. Ilawkins: 
Davis county, J. W. (iarner: Mahaska county, 
P. Cj. Ballingall and Cahin Manning; Keo- 
kuk county. Henry Phillips; Lucas county, J. 
G. Meek, F. W. Simmons and W. T. Harper; 
Jefferson county, A. \\". Johnson and J. C. 
Ixlanchester ; \"an Buren countv, Cal\in Man- 

Many distinguished men of the nation werG 
brought here as guests and speakers during 
tlie exhibition. Judge George G. Wright 
spoke on September i8. Governor Boies was 
present October 9, and met President Benja- 
min Harrison; the Go\ernor and the Presidenl 
each addressed the vast assemblage. This 
was the big day of the exhibition. Visitors 
were present from all parts of the state. Wa- 
pello County Day was conspicuous in the cal- 
endar; on that occasion school cliildren 
were in line. The fraternal organizations had 
a day set apart, as did also the traveling men. 

The exhibition of the first year was not 
only successful in drawing large numbers of 
visitors and gratifying them with the enter- 
tainments that were offered, but it was a busi- 
ness success and paid dividends to the stock- 
holders, but nearly all these profits were do- 
nated for the next vear's exhibition, held in 

1891. Calvin Manning was made president 
of the association, H. S. Kneedler, secretary, 
j and J. G. Meek, treasurer. Carter Harrison, 
the elder, made the opening address on Sep- 
tember 15: (ien. Russell A. .\lger was here 
! on the ijtii; William McKinley addressed an 
I immense assemblage on September 23, — in 
company with McKinley were Senators James 
1'. Wilson and Allison, Joim H. CJear, Con- 
gressman Lacey and other distinguished men. 
The vast crowds could not all be seated in the 
jialace and Mr. McKinley spoke in the open 
air from a stand erected at the corner of Court 
and Third streets, near the public "park," or 
court-house lawn. 

(0\I. I'AL.VCE C0MP.\NV. 

The following is as complete a transcript 
of the list of shareholders in the coal palace 
company as is available. The author adver 
tised and re(|uested all who contributed'to re- 
port their names, and the list that appears be- 
low was all that could be found in the records, 
and the result is believed to cover aljout all that* 
can be found. The names of all that can be 
found are- printed ; from those who gave hun- 
dreds to the poor man who tcnrk one share. 
All these are entitled to honor. The value of 
each share was $5.00. These arc the men 
and women who made the coal palace possible: 

T. D. Foster. . 
P. G. Ballingall . . 
T. C. Manchester. 

.Si.cxK) 00 
700 00 
;oo 00 



W. B. Bonnifield 500 00 

Oltumwa Iron Works 500 00 

Phillips Coal Company 500 oo 

Samuel Mahon & Merrill 500 00 

J. W. Edgerly & Co 500 00 

Charles F. Blake 500 00 

J. W. Garner 500 00 

Estate of Isabella Lilburn 500 00 

Ottumwa R'y, Electric & Steam Co. 500 00 

A. C. Lcighton 500 oo 

Charles O. Taylor 300 00 

Dr. W. B. Smith 300 00 

Ottumwa Gas Company 250 00 

W. F. }>lcCarroll & Son 200 00 

O. ^l. Ladd 200 00 

F. W. Simmons 200 00 

J. B. Sax 200 OQ 

Glo1)e Tea Company 200 00 

W. A. Jordan & Sons 200 00 

Harper, Chambers & Co 200 00 

Ottumwa Supply Company 200 00 

S. M. Stancliff 200 oc 

E. K. Shelton 200 00 

Calvin Manning 200 00 

John S. Wolf 150 00 

Martin Hardsocg 150 00 

Claude Myers 1 50 oc 

Sam Stern 150 oc 

S. H. Harper 100 oc 

W. T. 1 larper 100 00 

Arthur (iephart 100 00 

R. H. Moore 100 00 

J. G. Meek 100 00 

A. D. Moss 100 00 

J. Prugh & Co 100 00 

S. C. Cullen & Company 100 00 

Dial & Poland 100 00 

Charles Bachman 100 00 

J. A. Phillips 100 00 

F. S. Worcester 100 oo 

C. Sax & Son 100 00 

J. P. Anderson 100 oc 

Fred Swenson 100 00 

Moore, Ogden & Company 100 00 

W. H. Cooper 100 00 

Lowenberg Brothers 100 00 

A. H. Hamilton 100 OG 

Riley & Jones 100 OU 

Loton E. Gray 100 oc 

Jones & Buchanan 100 00 

\\'. S. Cripps & Brother 100 oC 

Rcsen & Brother 100 oc 

Chris. Miller 100 00 

D. F. ]\Iorey 100 OG 

Samuel A. Flagler 100 qo 

Ira Phillips 100 00 

George \\'. Thomas 100 oc 

\V. A. Carnes 100 oc 

Henry J. Phillips 100 oc 

D. D. Calhoon 100 or 

William Stcllcr 100 oc 

F. Talbert 100 00 

M. V. Pratt 100 00 

Gottlieb Beck 100 00 

Mrs. C. L. Graham 100 00 

P. II. Riordan lOO 00 

Baker Brothers 75 00 

C. W. Sargent 75 00 

Poe Underwootl 75 00 

S. T. Carter <')5 oa 

Thomas Swords 60 oa 

T. P. Spilman 60 00 



J. G. Ilutcliison 50 oo 

W. R. Daum 50 oc 

J. A. Mant^an 50 00 

'I'hrall & Gephart 50 00 

Sam Stern 50 00 

W. S. Christie 50 00 

J. T. McCune 50 00 

rallister Brotliers 50 00 

J. W. Miller 50 00 

Jclm ^\'. (iray 50 OD 

H. C. Peters 50 00 

J. J. Bowles 50 00 

1j. Allnieyer & Company 50 00 

Forbes & Scheying 50 00 

J. R. Burgess 50 00 

W. H. Boston 50 oo 

1 1, yi. Cockerill 50 00 

Z. A. I'rasier 50 od 

William Paul 50 00 

A. Silbernian 50 00 

W. B. Wycoff 50 00 

L. T. Briggs 50 00 

Ira A. Myers 50 oj 

W. Owens 50 00 

R. X. Morrell 50 00 

X. Glew 50 00 

John Connell 50 00 

J. P. Wing 50 00 

James R. Ashcr 50 oo 

W. G. Ball 50 o-' 

J. E. Hawkins 35 o^ 

Harlan & Company 30 00 

Robert James ^'^ oo 

C. R. Gipe 30 00 

Ed Xash 30 00 

O. E. Stewart 30 00 


Mrs. Calvin Manning 25 00 

J. L. I f armon . . . . 
Dr. J. Williamson. 

C. L. Walker 

W. D. Tisdale. . . . 
L. S. De Venev . . . 

D. A. La Force 

Charles Riefsnyder. . . 

Joseph Sloan 

W. B. Armstrong. . . 

C. E. Boude 

S. B. Evans 

I. X. Mast 

W. H. H. Asbury..'. . 

William Ridoiit 

Gwin & Mc 

A. P. Anderson 

Frank Cummings. . . . 
Dungan & Culbertson. 

J. W. Calhoun 

J. M. Gibbs 

Ticrney & Hammond. 

J. C. Ransun 

P. Dayton 

P. C. Biddison 

(i. X. Graves 

O. D. Wray 

T. E. Mnir 

Daniel Rosccrans .... 

John H. White 

Charles R. Davis 

J. J. Smith 

Samuel Locb 

W. H. Stevens 

G. II. Sheffer 

Joseph Loomis 






































J 5 












J 5 


















Kiser & Pierson . . . . 

Henry Throne 

F. \V. Grube 

James Daly 

H. Snyder 

F. Geiss 

John Mytton 

G. L. Bhmdell 

John Berkes 

J. Conway 

J. W'isliart 

A. CHfton 

J. Kreutzbender . . . . 
Annie S. Mytton . . . 

P. Colfer 

John W. Scott 

Francis \Vard 

Joseph Frey 

C. T. Hartman . . . . 

R. B. Tcter 

S. T. Hartman 

WilHam McXett. . . . 

G. A. Madson 

L. E. Rogers 

R. L. Tilton 

\\\ A. Work 

Dr. Armstrong. . . . 
J. A. Frey 

B. I- . Hyatt 

George 1!. Simmons . 

Mike Kirby 

Carl Harlan 

Ed. Arnold 

]•:. J. Smith 

R. B. Dowden 

T. E. Gibons 

25 00 
25 00 
25 00 
25 00 
-5 00 
-5 00 
25 00 
25 00 
25 00 
25 00 
-5 00 
-5 or 
-5 00 
25 oc 
-5 00 
25 oa 
25 00 
25 00 
25 00 
25 00 
25 00 
25 00 
25 00 
25 00 
25 00 

25 GO 
25 00 
25 00 

-5 00 
20 00 
20 00 
20 00 
20 00 
20 00 
20 00 

20 GO 

Coen & Siberell 

J. T. Staats 

W. F. Meyers 

Will T. Carper 

J. G. Howard, C. T. L. Company . . 

George C. Nash 

O. E. McxNair 

J. B. McCarrol 

William Fiedler 

F. B. Clark 

C. R. Anderson 

Clara Thomas 

Nettie & Elsie Thomas (Per G. 
W. T.) 

James Cronin 

W. P. Liston 

j S. L. Shepherd 

I C. Owens 

W. B. Smith 

I W. R. .Mdntyre 

j 11. 11. Conghlan 

1 J. M. Swanson 

1 Charles C. Doty 

j Philip Dnffy 

I N. J. Potter 

J. W. Cleavinger . 

H. B. Snmniers 

PL H. Rossean 

\'ictor [ohnson 

Alex. Skogerson . 

John Erland 

J. Nnsbanni 

Leonard Johnson 

William Wells 

II. L. Patrick 

I. S. McCleland & Com])any . 

2G 00 

15 00 

15 00 

15 GO 

15 GO 

15 GO 

15 00 

15 00 

15 GO 

15 00 

15 GO 

15 GO 

15 00 
15 GO 
15 00 
15 GO 
15 GO 
15 00 
15 GO 
10 00 
10 00 
10 GO 
10 GO 
10 GO 
10 00 
10 00 
10 00 
10 GO 
10 GO 
IG 00 
10 GO 



R. L. Morgan lo oo 

Ear! ]■". Walker lo or; 

James Dy.sou i o oo 

Joliii Brambeck lo oo 

R. Bi.ssell ID OD 

E. Huffman lo oo 

John Morris lo oo 

W. 0"]^lalley lo oo 

W. L. Blundell lo oo 

^^'. Stroliauer to oo 

G. Boyer lo oo 

C. H. Owens lo oo 

E. Harris lo oo 

James Trenneman lo oo 

P. Husted lo oo 

\l. Mclnerny lo oo 

John Glanville to oo 

Charles Slniltz lo oo 

A. J. Larche lo oo 

A. Brown lo oo 

J. E. Hall TO oo 

J. Casidy TO 00 

P. Kearns to oo 

T. J. Kelley lo oo 

B. Brier lo oo 

J. McDonald lo oo 

C. Horn lo oo 

A. T. Gardner lo oo 

T. E. Culien to oo 

J. Hopkins to oo 

R. L. Chamberlain to oo 

R. T. Keefe lo oo 

W. W. Shepherd lo oo 

E. J. Bullock lo oo 

John Durkin lo oo 

George Mitchell lo oo 

J. M. S])ilman . . . 
M. Kaiuns, Jr.,. . . 

W. Ewing 

P. Muldoon 

F. Smith 

I VV. J. Sinnamon . 

W. Parkinson . . . 

( E. B. Davis 

[ F. Schafer 

H. Hamilton .... 
j T. D. Lee 

(leorge Tweedel . 

Joseph Kitchen . . 

T. I J. Spilman ... 

H Cutter 

J. Kirby 

C. Hoge\voning . . 

G. W. W'ellman . . . 
Z. Zimmerman . . . . 
P. Henneberry . . . 
Mrs. C. .A. Carter. 

B. W. Scott 

E. .\'. Thomas . . . . 

J. A. Ballard 

A. B. Williams.... 

W^ O. Hand 

J. .\melang 

E. E. Ellis 

J. W. Simpson . . . . 

J. Beever 

W. H. C. Jaques. . 

W. L. Orr 

H. W. Roberts.. . 

S. .\. Spilman 

A. O. Williams.. . 

C. .\. Walsh 

lo oo 
lo oo 
lo oo 
lo oo 
lo oo 
lo oo 
lo oo 
lo oo 
lo oo 
lo oo 
lo oo 
lo oo 
lo oo 
lo oo 
lo oo 
lo oo 
lo oo 
lo oo 
lo oo 
lo oo 
JO oo 
lo oo 
lo oo 
lo oo 
lo oo 

ID 00» 

lo oo 
lo oo 
lo oo 
lo oo 
lo oo 
lo oo 
lo oo 
lo oo 
lo oo 
lo oo 



S. E. Adler lo oo 

E. L. Burton lO oo 

T. J. Boltz 10 oo 

E. & R. Chambers lo oo 

B. E. S. Ely lo oo 

Charles Hall lo oo 

G. E. Howard 5 oo 

M. S. Bush 5 oo 

W. H. Prescott 5 oo 

John Sheehan 5 oo 

Ed Lowenberg 5 oo 

C. G. Keyhoe 5 oo 

J. C. McCormick 5 oo 

Elmer Peck 5 oo 

C. S. Tindell 5 oo 

E. W. & C. L. Fowler 5 co 

E. S. Smith 5 00 

Morris Feltheimer 5 00 

V. Warren Baker 5 00 

Clifford J. Baker 5 00 

C. Rockefeller 5 00 

Rossar Davis 5 00 

William C. Williams 5 00 

Richard Price 5 00 

J. A. Murphy 5 00 

C. B. Fossett 5 00 

John Mier 5 00 

Matt Meyer 5 00 

J. J. Evans 5 00 

Robert Wilson 5 00 

Mathew Johns 5 00 

Newell Parsan 5 00 

John Loring 5 00 

James Powell 5 oo 

G. W. McCullough 5 00 

W. Moffitt 5 00 

W. Robinson 5 00 

J. Van Beek 5 00 

G. M. Jennings 5 00 

John Breaky 5 00 

G. Schworm 5 00 

H. Geissel 5 00 

W. Hogewoning 5 00 

A. Seaburg 5 00 

J. B. Rayner 5 00 

C. W. Knight 5 00 

P. Phillips 5 00 

John Browner 5 00 

P. :Mnrphy 5 00 

W. Harris 5 00 

W. Barkley 5 00 

V. Krafta 5 00 

William Kline 5 00 

W. Schworm 5 00 

H. D. Lockwood 5 00 

C. H. Johnston 5 00 

M. G. Garland 5 00 

J. Anderson 5 00 

H. Glew 5 00 

James Kearns 5 00 

E. Rabens 5 00 

J. Kreutzbender 5 00 

G. Applegate 5 00 

F. Underwood 5 00 

J. H. Schneider 5 00 

J. Simons 3 00 

E. Copeland 3 00 

A. ^^'eimer 3 oo- 

Otto Wurmbach 3 00 

C. McKinney 3 00 

J. Weimer 3 00 

H. List 3 00 



W. Leonard 

S. L. Fairly 

C. C. rowell 

L. Finley 

J. II. Finley 

M. Coleman 

E. Seifert 

M. Ilinsey 

J. H,-.tfiel(l 

A. Melick 

M. Williams 

F. Criffith 

J. W". I'x.ilnvdl 

]">. 1'.. Lottridge 

K. Swenson & C. II. Johnsun, 

P,. F. P.crry 

W. T. Tappen 

5 00 
5 00 
5 00 
5 00 
5 00 
5 00 
5 00 
5 00 
5 00 
5 00 
5 00 
5 00 
5 oc 
5 00 
5 00 

W. M. Carroll . . . 

I. N'. Roq;er.s . . . . 
W. H. Holmes.. 

W. Amelang 

George Phillips. . . 

H. Wagner 

G. Ponieroy 

D. L. Lane 

S. L. P-crry 

J. J. Baker 

II. K. Peck 

I). M Chisman . . . 
J. 1). Callaway.. . 
Mrs. M. La Point. 
I. W. Sonle 

3 00 

5 00 

5 of^ 
5 f>o 
5 00 
5 00 
5 00 
5 00 
5 o" 
5 00 

5 CMJ 

3 00 
3 00 
3 m 

5 00 J. I-'. Blake. 





Namks ok Uifferent Persons who Have Held Office in the County From the 
Beginning UNTIL the Year ItiOl — Population of the County by' Townships, and 
Also by Towns. 

official roster of the county. tlie "Annal.s of Iowa," April, 1868, by G. D. 

R. Boyd, we state that the second hoard of 

Cuinity Ci'iiiuiissioucrs. — L. E. Temple. J- county commissioners, chosen at the first reg- 

M. jMontgomerv and C. T. Harrow were the nlar election, in August, 1844. was composed 

original commissioners, elected in 1844. Dr. , of John C. Evans. James B. Wright and John 

Warden thinks that the first commissioners 
served but one vear. If that is so, then there 

B. Gray. 

The election of the first or organizing board 

is a missing name in this list, for the first full was held in April, 1844. The regular election 

board discovered is in 1847. when Henry j took place always in August in those early 

Smith, Charles Dudley and James D. Wright i years. The original officers, except coininis- 

served. \Ve are inclined to believe that one of , sioncrs. were re-elected at the first August 

these gentlemen — ])rol)ably Smith — was chosen election in 1844. 

in 1845: James B. \\'right. in 1844. and | Coiiiiiiissioiicrs' Clerk. — This office was dis- 
Charles Dudley, in 1847. I'erhaps Mr. Dud- j tinct from that of clerk of the district court, 
ley was elected first in 1845, as the retirement of T^^ ^''st incumbent. 1844, was Charles Over- 
Mr. Gray would create a vacancy. If that ; man. In 1848 A. J. Redenbaugh was chosen, 
supposition is correct, Mr. Dudley was re-elect- : and held the office until the system was abol- 
ed in 1848. In 1847 ^^'"■^ board consisted of \ ished. 

SmitiL \\'right and Dudley; and in 1848, of : County Judge. — In 1851-55 Silas Osborn 

Wright. Dudley and Bell: in 1849, Samuel ' was elected : in 1857. Joseph H. Flint. Judge 

Gilliland was elected; and in 1850, (iideon Flint was legislated out of office in 1861. when 

Myers. the board of supervisors came into power. 

On the authority of a paper published in ' Superz'isors. — Under the system of 1861 





the following men were elected : William Cloyd, 
Thomas Bedwell, (ieorge (nilaspy, d. F. 
Myers, A. Major, J. C. Hinsey, William 
Knight, Silas Osborn, W. C. Mclntire, L. 
Rose, George Neville, Aaron Harlan, Moses 
C. Israel, Peter Knox. 

1862— Thomas J'.edwell, William Cloyd, 
Martin Dickens, J. C. Ilinscy. Peter Knox, 
William Knight, G. F. Myers, Cieorge Xe\illc, 
Silas Osborn, L. Rose, J. Y. Simpson, G. W. 
Draper. ^F. C. Israel, Moses Fairburn. 

1863 — A. II. Butin, C. S. Carwile, Martin 
Dickens, Thomas IJedwell, George Neville. 
Silas Osborn, William Cloyd, J. C. Hinsey, 
Peter Knox, L. A. Myers, H. i-leinhard. G. W. 
Dresser, W. C. Mclntire, J. ^'. Simpson. 

1864— S. Pack-wood, P. M. Warder, j. W. 
Hedrick, S. A. Monroe. ('•. Temple, L. A. 
Myers, William Cloyd, J. V. Simpson, C. S. 
Carwile. JI. Reinhard, Silas Osborn, .\. M. 
Bntin. George Ne\ille. M. Welch. 

1865 — James .M. I hill. George Neville, 
Henry Reinhard, E. C. Myers. I). R. Swope, 
P. M. Warder, L. .\. Myers, J. W. Hedrick, 
Silas Osborn, S. A. Monroe, William Cloyd, 
W. II. Dunlap. J. R. Kertoot, George F. 

1866 — George Temple, Silas Osborn, J. W. 
Hedrick, Joseph Myers, Isaac W. Stanley, X. 
\\'illiams, John H. Carver, E. T. Neville, 
Charles Barbour, M. L. Godley, (ieorge F. 
]\Iyers, S. A. Monroe, Henry Reinhard, Will- 
iam Cloyd. 

1867 — J. W. Hedrick, George Temple, J. 
H. Carver, William Cloyd, Charles Barlxjur, 
John Harlan, William Evans, M. L. Godley, 

John Wilcox, Edward Neville, Joseph Myers, 
S. A. Monroe, Henry Reinhard, A. H. Butin. 

i8f,8— J. W. Hedrick, J. I). La.ld, .\. Lot- 
.speich, J. H. Carver, E. L. Randel, Charles 
Barlxnir, Henry Reinhard, John Molumuby, 
E. T. Neville, Moses C. Israel. William Cloyd, 
A. H. Butin, William Evans, R. W. Boyd, 
John Harlan. 

18^19 — .\. Lotspcich. William Cloyd, 
Charles Barbour, John Harlan, Henry Rein- 
hard, John Molumuby, John Carver, K. L. 
Randel, R. Hyatt, James D. Ladd. K. W. Boyd, 
W. H. Kitterman, William Evans, E. T. 
Neville, Moses C. Israel. 

,870—0. D. Tisdale, William Cloyd. W. 
C. Reynolds, R. Hyatt. G. .\. Derby, G. W. 
Dickins. R. W. Boyd. W. H. Kitterman, Will- 
iam Evans, S. .\. Monroe, K. T. Neville. John 
Harlan, T. Slutz, T. Poster. 

1871 — System changed to board of three 
members — H. Canfield. Henry Reinhard. T. T. 

187 J— H. Canfield, Henry Reinhard, T. J. 

1S73 — Henry Reinhard, D. H. Michael. T. 
J. Nelson. 

,874— S. McCullough, 1). H Michael. Tf 
J. Nelson. 

1875— D. H. Michael, S. McCullough. S. 
M. Wright. 

,87f,— S. McCullough, S. Wl. Wright. D. 
H. Michael. 

,877— S. ^r. Wright. D. H. Michael. John 

1878 — John Postlewaite. G. W. Fair, D. L. 
Hardv. — the latter to fill vacancy. 



1879 — Joliii Postlewaite.G.W. Fair, Henry 

1880— G. W. Fair, Henry Reinhard, C. C. 

1881 — Henry Reinliard, C. C. Warden, 
Matliew Henry. 

1882— C. C. \\'arden, Mathew Henry, 
Page White. 

1883 — Mathew Henry. Page \\'hitc, W. E. 

1884 — Page White, W. E. Jones, Frank 

1885 — W. E. Jones, Frank Warder, Curtis 

1886 — Frank Warder, Curtis Cliisman, J, 
B. Mowery. 

1887 — Curtis Chisman, J. B. ]\[o\very, E. 
M. Whetsel 

1888— J. B. .Mowery, E. .M. Whetsel, David 


1889— E. M. Whetsel. David Jay. J. B. 

1890 — David Jay, J. B. Mowery, J. C. 

1891— J. B. :\Iowery, J. C. Ives, J. F. 
Bauni and O. P. Bizer. 

1892— J. C. Ives, J. F. Baum, O. P. Bizer. 

1893 — J. F. Baum, O. P. Bizer, Norman 

1894 — O. P. Bizer, Norman Reno, Samuel 

1895- — Norman Reno, Samuel Johnson, M. 
L. Kirk. 

1896 — Samuel Johnson, M. L. Kirk, J. ]\I. 

1897— M. L. Kirk, J. .M. Elder, Samuel 

1898— J. M Elder, Samuel Johnson, H. B. 

1899 — Samuel Johnson, H. B. Wagers, J. 
M. Elder. 

1900— H. B. Wagers. J. ^I. Elder, J. H. R. 

1901 — J. ]M. Elder, J. H. R. Spilman. John 

Sheriff — 1847. Joseph Hayne; 1849, Duane 
F. Gaylord; 1853, D. H. Michael; 1855. Will- 
iam H. Williams; 1857, \\'illiam Lewis, Jr.; 
1859, L. E. Gray — A. M. Bonnitiekl served 
during a portion of tlie last term for which 
;\lr. Gray was elected, nwing ti> Mr. (jray's 
resignation; 1865, George A. Derby; 1867, 
Thomas Bedwell ; 1869, Samuel A. Swiggett ; 
1873, T. P. Spillman; 1877, D. W. Stewart; 
i88d, Sim. Chaney; 1884, J, W. Wurkman : 
1888, L. J. Michael; 1890, J. ^\■. Mclntire; 
1894, Thomas Stodghill ; 1898, B. F. Slntts. 

Treasurer and Collector — 1844, Thomas 
Foster; 1845, Charles Overman; 1846, Will- 
iam G. Ross; 1847, Joseph Leighton ; 1851, 
James Pnmroy ; 1855, Peter Knox; 1857, Will- 
iam J. Ross; 1862, Joseph Hayne; 1867, \\'ill- 
iam J. Ross; 1869, Alfred Lotspeich ; 1873, 
William H. H. Asbury; 1877, W. I. Poag; 
1880, W. A. Nye; 1884. George Bane; 1890, 
I. D. Mowery; 1894, W. R. \\arren ; 1898, 
John H. Spry. 

Recorder — 1844, AI. J. Spurlock : 1S45, 
Charles Overman; 1846, William J. Ross; 1847^ 
Joseph Leighton; 185 1, James Pumroy ; 1855,. 



Peter Knox; 1M37. William J. Ross; 1862, Jo- 
seph Hayne; 1866, Daniel W. Tower; 1872, 
Wade Kirkpatrick: 1881, John Harness: 1885. 
James Houdyshcll ; 1891, J. M. Kussart ; 1893. 
H. L. Hedrick: 1894, W. S. Parks: 1897, C. 
T. Porter: 1901. (jeorgc 11. Smith. 

Until 1866 tills office was connected witli 
that of treasurer and collector. 

Judge of Probate — 1844. Paul C. Jeffries; 
1846. (i. P. Saxery ( this judge could ha\c held 
office hut a short time, for in 1846 we hnd that 
James Weir was also judge) ; 1848, James 
Baker; 1849, D. M. C. Lane; 1850. George 
^lay. After 1851 this office was known as a 
])art of the county judge S}-stem, a ])lan which 
obtained after the abolishment of the busi- 
ness office of county judge in 1861, and until 
tlie establishment of the circuit court, in 1869, 
when the probate business passed under the 
jurisdiction of the circuit judge, .\fter Silas 
Osborn and Joseph 11. l-"lint. in 1865, came 
S. Porter, until 1869. 

Auditor — 1869, office created, George D. 
Hackworth; 1873, William H. Caldwell; 1875," 
M. B. Myers; 1880, M. L. Godley; 1882. E. 
Washburn; 1888, H. B. N\'agers; 1890. James 
Hicks; 1893, H. B. Wagers; 1897, Morgan 
Griswold; 1901, I. H. Hammond. 

Prosecuting Attorney — 1846, H. B. Hen- 
dershott: 1848. William H. Brumfield; 1852, 
James Baker; 1854, Thomas Bigham. In 1858 
the office was changed to district prosecutc^r. 
The above list is complete as far as it goes, but 
we may have omitted one or two names. No 
records can lie found to aid us. 

County Attorney — 1889, .\. C. Steck; 

1891, C. .\. Walsh; 1893. Sumner Sibereil ; 
1897, A. W. Enoch ; 1901 , I ). H. I-jiiery. 

Clerk of the District Court— 1S44, H. B. 
Hendershott; 1846, John W. Ross; 1848, 
Thomas G. Given; 1852, Joseph Hayne; 1856, 
Joseph Campbell; 1858. Joseph Hayne; i860, 
Hugh Brown; 1864, L. M. Godley; 1879, W. 

C. Thompson: 1885. J. T. Purdue; 1889, C. E. 
Norton; 1891. John Shehan ; 1893. H. L. Hed- 
rick: 1897, O. J. Garriott; 1901, H. W. 

Surz-eyor — 1844, William Dewey; 1849, 
George D. Hackworth; 185 1. Joel P.. Mvers; 
1853, Thomas Fowler: 1855, Walter Clement; 
1859, Thomas P'owler; 1861, W. M. Clark; 
1865. John (irant: 1868, George D. Hack- 
worth; 1870, John D. Baker; 1872. L. D. Mc- 
Glashon; 1878. W. H. McGlashon; 1879. John 

D. Baker; 1880, Samuel H. Burton; 1882, 
John 1). Baker; 1884. Samuel H. Burton; 
1888, John D. Baker; 1890, Samuel H. Burton; 

1892. John T. Brady: 1894, C. R. Allen: 1896, 
Gordon Bell; 1900, C. K. Allen. 

Coroner — 1849. A. George; 1831, Alex- 
ander Brown; 1853, Griggs; 1855, Will- 
iam E. Coe; 1859. C. G. Packard; 1861, J. C 
Porter; 1865, A. L. Chaml^erlain ; 1869, J. C. 
Hinsey; 1873. E. L. Lathrop; 1877, A. C. Ol- 
ney: 1882. James Carter; 1884, E. H. Sage; 
1888, S. .\. Spilman; 1890. E. M. .\renschiel(l ; 
1892, L. Campl>cll ; 1894. J. Williamson; i8<)S, 
John O'Donnell; 1900, (" C Powell; 1901, 
David Throne. 

Superintendent of Schools — 1859. George 
D. Hackworth; 1863. John M. McEln.y; 1865. 
B. .\. Spaulding: 1867, S. L. Burnham; 18^^;. 



Henry C. Cox; 1871, X. M. Ives: 1873, Clay 
Wood: 1877, \\'. A. Mcliitire: 1880. T. J. 
Sloan: 1882, W. A. Mclntire; 1890, George 
Phillips: 1894, Joseph Parks; igoo, Beniah 


In October, 1844, the first constitutional 
•convention met at Iowa City: Wapello county 
was represented by William H. Galbreatli and 
William W. Chapman. The territorial legis- 
lature, seventh assembly, met at the same place 
in May, 1845. William G. Ccop represented 
Jefferson, Wapello and Kishkekosh ( now Mon- 
roe) counties in the senate, and Keulien R. 
Harper in the house. The eighth assembly met 
in Uecemljcr, 1845 ; Mr. Coop was then sen- 
ator, and Joseph Fink, representative. The 
second constitutional con\ention met May 4, 
1846: Wapello was re])resented Ijy Joseph H. 
Hedrick. The third constitutional convention 
met at Iowa City January 19. 1857: Wapello 
Avas represented by George Gillaspy. 

'J'lie state of Iowa was organized in 1846. 
The first state assembl\- met at Iowa City No- 
vem1)cr 30. Since that time the county of 
W' apello has been represented as follows : 

Senate — Wapello and Monroe counties — 
1846, James Davis; 1848, Barney Royston ; 
1850, Wapello, Monroe and Lucas — Henry B. 
Hendershott; 1852, \\'apello, John W. Hed- 
rick ; Wapello, Monroe, Lucas and Clarke, 
Henry B. Hendershott; 1854, Wai)ello, James 
C. Ramsey; Wapello, Monroe, Lucas and 
Clarke, Daniel Ander.son : 1856. Wapello, 

James C. Ramsey; 1858, John A. Johnson; 
i86_', J. W. Dixon; 1866, Edward H. Stiles; 
1868, Augustus H. Hamilton ; 1872, J. H. Mer- 
rill ; 1878. G. A. ^.ladson; 1880, J. G. Hutchi- 
son; 1884, P. G. Ballingall; 1886. J. G. Hutchi- 
son; 1890, P. G. Ballingall; 1892. J. J. Smith; 
1894, H. L. Waterman: 1898. W. A. Mcln- 

IIoiisc — 184'), Wapello, A. ]>. Comstock ; 
1848, Joseph H. Flint: 1850, Joseph II. Flint 
and .\ndrew Major: 1852, Wajjcllo, Robert 
Coles, James C. Ramsey: Wapello, Monroe, 
Lucas and Clarke, Henry Allen: 1854, Wa- 
pello, Samuel K. Cramer, Ximrod Poston ; A\'a- 
pello and Keokuk, C\rus k'ranklin: 185O, Wa- 
pello, Cxrus I*"ranklin. S. (i. Finnex" : Wapello 
and Keokuk, M. l\ Bottorf: 1858, William 
Campbell, \\'illiam McCormick : 1860, J. C. 
Mitchell, James Doggett : 1862. Josejjh H. 
Flint, T. D. :\lcGlothlen: 1864, Peter Knox, 
Edward H. Stiles; 1866, Peter Knox, Charles 
Dudley; 1868, Samuel T. Caldwell. Charles 
Dudley; 1870. Charles Dudley, John H. 
Carver; 1872, John FI. Carver. Samuel T. 
Caldwell; 1874, J. W. Dixon, Jacob Siberell ; 
1876, J. W. Dixon, G. A. Madson : 1878, W. 
A. Fast, J. A. Israel; 1879, \\\ A. Fast; 1880, 
F. M. Epperson; 1882, F. M. Epperson, G. 
W. Dickins: 1884, Henry Canfield : i88f), D. 
.\. La Force, J. R. Burgess; 1888, J. R. Bur- 
gress; 1890, J. J. Smith; 1892, W. W. Cun- 
ningham; 1894, W. G. Crow: 1898, G. W. 
Dickins; 1900, A. W. Buchanan. 


The following shows the population of Wz- 



pello county by townshijjs, also the towns in the Po'k 916 

county, according to tlie census taken in 1900 : R'^'''='"''. i"--->"'ling Kirkville '. ..709 

Adams 1,155 

Agency, including Agency City 1,085 

Cass, including Cliillicothe.- 503 

Center, including Ottunnva 20,350 

Columl)ia. including part of Eddyville 1,768 

Compctinc 836 

Dahlonega 466 

Green 822 

Highland 1,015 

Keokuk 840 

Pleasant 989 

Washington, including Eldon. 


Total population of the county 35;357 

The following is the population of the towns 
in Wapello county : 

Agency 408 

Chillicothc 216 

Eddyville, including part of Harrison twp., Ma- 
haska Co 1.230 

Eldon 1,850 

Kirkville 402 

Ottumwa ''8,197 



Alleged Discovery of Gold on Bear Creek — The Mania of Sfeculation that 
Ensued — Land Worth but $40 Per Acre Sold for $5U0 Per Acre. 

In the fall of i.SSi, J. O. L'.riscoe, a citi- 
/-cn then of Ottumwa, announced that lie had 
discovered gold on Bear Creek, a tributury of 
the Des Moines River ; the place of the alleged 
deposit was about- a mile and a half from the 
mouth of the creek and a few hundred yards 
IjcKiw wlicre the main road crosses the creek 
in the \-icinity of a scIkjoI-Ikjusc. In order 
to give a more explicit description, the land 
on which Briscoe claimed to discover gold, 
and on which he obtained possession, was the 
southwest quarter of the northwest quarter 
of section 27, township JJ. range 14. Bris- 
coe claimed that he found gold in the sand 
obtained from the creek, and that he had ob- 
tained assays of a stratum of rock (limestone) 
that ran from a trace tcj $20 per ton in "gold. 
It was a mystery why Briscoe never attempted 
to stock this property and place it on sale, but 
he was carrying out a scheme that was sat- 
isfactory to himself, and it is believed that he 
reaped his reward in inducing others to buy 

adjacent lands at a high \-alue.- and that the 
owners of such lands di\'idcd the profits with 
him. He manifested what the people be- 
lieved to be full faitii in his discovery, by erect- 
ing a mill for reducing the alleged ore on the 
premises, and for many days the farce of 
a gold mill in full o])cration was enacted. In 
the course (_)f time he lirought out an alleged 
gold brick a;ul placed it on e.xhibilion at a 
Baptist festival in Ottumwa. The newspa- 
pers published frequent accounts of alleged 
assays that increased the excitement. Early 
in 1882 syndicates were formed for the pur- 
chase of adjacent lands or within a mile of 
the gold mill, and extravagant prices were 
paid. A case is noted where $2,000 was paid 
for the mineral only that lay in a tract oi 40 
acres ; there were instances where the land 
near or adjoining the Briscoe property was 
sold at prices ranging from $100 to $500 an 
acre. One man, a teamster, mortgaged his 
horses and wagon for $150, in order to get 



a small hokliiig, and as a nialter of course 
lost team and money, lie was indignant 
when a pmniinent citizen, who had already 
invested, warned him against the investment, 
and declared that the friend who gave him 
the warning was a hog and wanted it all for 
himself. A nugget of gold, weighing nearly a 
half ounce, was exhibited, which it was al- 
leged was taken from one of the rockers of 
the Bear Creek gold mine. This increased the 
fever and hundreds of persons rushed to the 
diggings to see what they could lind. The 
nugget was e.xamined by practical miners and 
mineralogists, who quickly discovered that 
i; was a vest-pocket specimen, with a,ll its 
original angularities worn smooth, but the en- 
thusiasts would nf)t believe a word of it. and 
the price of the lands in tJie vicinity agaiii 
increased. In vain did the old California and 
Rocky Mountain miners denounce the whole 
thing as a fraud, but men who had never 
looked into a mine and knew absi lutely noth- 
ing of mineralogy assumed to know it all. and 
the majority believed them. It was an inter- 
esting phase of human cretlulity, and at the; 
same time a melancholy spectacle, to see men, 
who were sane on all other subjects, go wild 
and almost insane over the prospect of mak- 
ing Wapello county a great gold mining dis- 
trict. Finally a committee of business men 
took up the matter for serious investigation ; 
the committee procured a number of specimens 
of the "'gold" rock and sent them to Chicago 
for assay; it was not long until the returns 
came in, and each certificate was to this effect : 

"Gold none; silver none." This caused a re- 
action; the spell cast over the minds of men 
was broken, and there was no more gold land 
sold at fancy prices. The bubble collapsed. 
Briscoe lingered for a time, but finally went 
to Montana, where there is gold, and there 
engaged in a series of speculations, but none 
of these is a proper subject for a history of 
Wapello county. 

It is perhaps unnecessary to add that the 
land on which Brisccje's "mine" was located 
is now regarded as valuable only for agricul- 
tural purposes. There is no gold in itaying 
quantities in the county; gold is widelv dif- 
fused and the metal is found in small quanti- 
ties almost everywhere; it has been found in 
I the gulches of Agency townshi]) and (;n Tur- 
key creek, in Keokuk township, but there is 
not enough of it to pay the expenses of secur- 
ing it. The only persons that derived any 
benefit from the Briscoe fever were the land 
I owners in the vicinity, who wisely sold "min- 
I eral" rights or the land it.self to the city syn- 
1 dicates. It is to the credit of Major Ham- 
ilton, who at that time published the Ctntricr, 
that he discouraged the craze through the <ziA- 
umns of his paper. It was his belief then, as 
it was also the belief of others, that there never 
I was a grain of gold found on Bear Creek. If 
is to be noted that the victims of the craze 
were business men of Ottumwa, and those who 
profited by it were farmers and owners of [loor 
land, that was not then and is not now re- 
garded as worth much for agricultural i)ur- 



Wapello Coixty Invaded by a Horde of Organized Tramps, \vho Came on 
Flat Boats Uowx the Des Moines River. 

In the spring of 1894 an "arni}-" of dis- 
contented men, tramps and adx'enturers. gatii- 
ered in Nebraska and other Western States, 
and at last entered Iowa at Council Blnffs. 
marching on foot and in wagons until the_\' 
reached Des ]\Ioines. They termrizecl com- 
munities, not bv actual acts of \iiilence. l)ut 
b_\- their numbers and threats, and in this 
way secured subsistence from towns, cities 
.and the farmers. By the time the "army"' 
reached Des Mcjines it numbered aliout 
1,000 men, all under the CDUimand of 
Charles T. Kelley. who assumed the title 
of "General." He was a shrewd kind nf ad- 
venturer and had great power <]\er his lot of 
ragamuffins. The State and municipal offi- 
cers at Des Moines entered intn ne- 

gotiations with th 

and the cit\- 

authorities and citizens contributed to a 
fund to feed the "army". After vain- 
ly imjiDrtuning the to gi\e the 
men transjxjrtatiun, all hands set abnut to 
i)uild llat boats, which were to be embarked 

at Des Moines and tloat dnwn the Des Mdines 

! ]\i\-er. After a delay of several days at Des 

I Moines the boats were built, and the Kelley- 

ites, about 1,000 in number, embarked on over 

! JOG boats. In the course of time the "fleet" 

arrixetl within the borders of Mahaska County 

and Col. A. W. Swalm met the "army" with 

provisions he had gathered at Oskaloosa. The 

"fleet" arrived at Eddyville about May i_'th, 

halted, and received Eddy\ille's donation of 

groceries. Here Ceneral Kelley and his staff 

j were met by Mayor La Force and a delegation 

I of citizens and aldermen of Ottumwa. It was 

I thcreu])on agreed that when Kellev and his 

I "na\y" arrived at (Jttumwa the citv would 

contribute. General Kellev had i)rior to thi.'; 

j sent the following message: "To the citizens 

j oi Ottumwa: Desiring to gi\e m\- men a 

day in which to rest and clean up a bit. and 

desiring also not to appear improvident. I 

liave requested ]\[r. Harry .Leason, of the 

Courier, to ask for j^ jxiunds of coffee and 

a c|uantity more of meat. Also to ask the to- 



bacconists for siicli snii)kiii_q- and chewing to- 
bacco as y(ju can consistently give. 

"Yours. Clias. T. Kcllev." 

The Kelley "lleet" arrived at Ottumwa or. 
May I4tli at the dam west of tlie city, and an 
army of workingnicn were there to assist the 
l)oats in making the phinge. Tlic work of 
getting tlie boats over tlie dam was exj)edi- 
tious: a since of lumber had been constructed 
frnni the level of the dam ab<)\e to the wa- 
ter below, the since being constructed 
of heav\- timbers. The boats were placed in 
the sluce and a rope attached to them ; the men 
then all diseniliarked and stood in the water 
to their waists to prevent the boats from 
capsizing. All the boats passed over the 
dam without material injury. 

Then was presented the spectacle I'l a 
special conimittee appointed by the city council 
meeting with Kelley to arrange terms. It was 
determined bv these high contracting parties 
that the tlotilla should land near Garrison 
Rock, about four miles below the center of 
the city, and the city wouid guarantee sub- 
sistence to the tramps for two or three days. 
Kelley agreed that he would prevent his men 
from going to the city t\>r begging purpose?, 
and would maintain an orderly camp. Sci^re:; 
of extra policemen were sworn in to prevent 
depredations. Before the "army" left town, 
however, Kelley demanded and the authori- 
ties granted that the camp should lie estab- 
lished at Baker's Grove, on the South Side, 
and adjacent to South Ottumwa. and there 


the camp was established. The city council 
then appnjpriated a sum of money sufficient to 
purchase 1,500 loaves of bread, 1,500 ptjunds 
of bacon, 125 jjonnds of coffee and 25 bushels 
of potatoes. Citizens, following the example 
of the city authorities, gave as much more, 
anrl the adventurers proceeded to have a good 
! time. They secured the little park in front 
I of the court house, and each night they dele- 
gated one of their "statesmen" to speak at the 
park and instruct citizens as to their duties. 
Meanwhile, every day they lingered strag- 
glers from the camp roamed through the city 
and country, demanding contributions of Hour,. 
: meat, clothing and an\-thing else that they 
thought they could tibtain. It was a lesson to- 
I itizens as to wliat an irresiKjnsible band of 
\agabonds cost the country in actual contribu- 
tions, and as an exam])lc U> the risini^ ^'I'lu-ra- 

.\t last the Kelley ilotilla nKJved down the 
I river, finally reaching the Mississippi, but the 
"army" did not hold together; it broke up 
into detachments, some of which joined 
I Coxey's "army" and reached the city of W'asli- 
■ ington. That "army" arrived there, hcraldeu 
. as the "big petition in boots." and there were 
manv worthy l)ut unwise i)eople wlm imagined 
that the "army" would start a revolution, but 
, sturdv Grover Cleveland, who was then presi- 
dent, paid no further attention to them than 
to comi)el them to "Kee[) off the grass" of the 
national lawns, and the movement collapsed. 



Ax Historical Sketch — The Varioi-s Vicissitudes of the Proposed Enter- 
prise — Causes of its Failure. 

Inasniucli as the l)es ^loines River trav- 
verses the county and Ottiimwa Iiax'ing liad 
i^reat liopes centered on ini])ri)\in^- its na\iga- 
tiiin. the' following sketch, which was written 
by Hon. Charles Xegus, is appropriate for a 
work of this character. The scheme was abor- 
tive fur the reasons that are apparent in the 
sketch and j)crhaps from nther causes that are 
to be referred to nature. It is certain, liow- 
c\-cr, that at an early day the river was de- 
jjcnded upon to a great extent for the transpor- 
tation i;f freight and pruducls U> the .Miss- 
issippi. Steamboats continued tn make trips 
from the mouth to Ottumwa as late as i86j 
with some degree of regularity .\ distin- 
guished citizen of this city, in the person of 
Hon. George Gillasp}-, was one of the officers 
of the board of commissioners. It ma_\- also be 
said in this connection that Col. Cillaspy was 
one of the leaders of enterprise; lie established 
a jiork packing house and was ]irominent in ])o- 
litical affairs. He was a unicpie character and 
a man of far more than ordinar\' abilitv. He 

served as register of the Ijoard of public works 
connected with the improxement of the ri\'er, 
serving both as an appointed and as an elected 

the xegus statement. 

"The ri\er Des Moines has connected with 
its history many things of interest. It is pur- 
posed at this time to notice some of the histori- 
cal events connected with this ri\er since the 
land through which it jjasses was purchased 
by the Government from the Indians. 

"By the treaty of 1842, Iiy which the Sacs 
and F"oxes sold all their lands in b)wa,they were 
permitted to retain possession of that j)ortion 
which l;iy west of Red Rock for three years, 
and the Indians moved u\) the river and located 
themselves near the Raccoon Fork, and the 
Go\ernment thought proi)er to locate a body of 
troops at that jioint ; and f<jr the conveyance of 
soldiers and their equipage to that jjlace, the 
little steamer "lone" was employed, and, laden 



witli stores and a detachment of troops, landed 
on the site wliere is now the city of Des Moines, 
on tiie 9th of May. 1843. This is the first 
steaniho.-it that ever ventured to disturb tiie 
waters of this ri\-er so far from its nmutli. 'i'lie 
ione" lia\ing made a successful trip added 
greatly to the expectation of the estimated im- 
portance and value of this thoroughfare, which 
was brought tn the attciitii>n i)t Congress, and 
(in the 8th of August, 1846, a law was enacted, 
giving to Iowa, for the purpose of aiding to 
improve the navigation of the river Des Moines 
from its mouth to the Raccoon Fork, an ef|ual 
r.ioietv in .alternate sections of the public l;nuir. 
remaining unsold, in a strip ti\e miles wide on 
each side of tlie river, to be selected within the 
Territory of Iowa by an agent, or agents, who 
should be appointed by the governor of the 
Territory, subject to the ajiproval of the l'. S. 

"When this grant was first made, it was not 
supposed by any one that it e.xtended al)o\e 
Raccoon Fork, and Governor Clark, in com- 
municating the intelligence to tlie legislature, 
estimated the grant to amount to about 300,000 
acres. This part of the Governor's message 
was referred to a select committee, for tliem to 
take into considerati(Mi whether it was advisable 
for the State to acce])t the grant, and if so, to 
devise the method of disposing of the lands 
and tiie mode of improving the river. 

"The committee, after having the matter 
under consideration several weeks, through 
their chairman. Dr. James Davis, of Wapello 
county, made a very lengthy report, in whicli 
they ttx)k the ground that the grant was not 

i limited to lands below the Raccoon Fork, but 
extended to every alternate section for live 
miles on each side of the river to the north- 

1 western boundary of the State, if not to the 
.source of the river. They estimated the grant 
to contain 400,000 acres below the RacccM.n 
Fork, and 560,000 above, making (/)0,ooo acres 
of land. The report of the committee at first 
was looked upon as visionary, and but very 
little calculation was made on getting any land 
above the fork of the river; but a matter of so 
much importance was not pas.sed over without 
examination and full discussion. 

"hroni this time on, for several years, the 
improvement of the river Des Mcjines entered 
largely into the politics of the State. Politi- 
cians became interested in it; the construction 
put upon the grant by the committee was the 
popular side, and found many advocates, and 
.scarcely any one opp().sed it. The committee 
rep-orted in favor of receiving the grant, with 
])rovisos, and a bill for creating a bcird of pub- 
lic works. On this report the legislature passed 
an. act acceiJting the grant, with the proviso that 
it was not to form a part of the 500,000 acres 
which the State was entitled to liv an act of 
Congress of 1841, giving to each new Si.ite 
that amoinit of land for internal improvements. 
This was conceded by the General G(jvernment, 
and it permitted the State to divert 500.000 
acres from works of internal im])rovemcnt to 
the pur])ose of education. The legislature, on 
the 5th of h'ebruary, 1847. also passed an .\ct 
creating a board of jniblic works, and jirovid- 
ing for the improvement of the river. Tlie 
boartl consi'ii<<l of a president, secretary and 



treasurer, who were to be.elected by the quali- 
fied electors of the State, on the first Monday 
c,f the following August. The president was 
to be the active agent of the work, and was re- 
quired to make monthly reports of his doings, 
and of the progress of his work to the board: 
the secretary was to recor.l the proceedings of 
the board and to sell the lanils ; the treasurer 
was to receive and disburse the moneys. The 
officers were required to commence the work 
on the Mississippi, near Keokuk, at the mouth 
of Dead Slough, or of tlie Nassaw Slough, and 
tlien up the Slough to the river. And subse- 
quently the work was commenced by undertak- 
ing to dig a canal from the mouth of the Nas- 
saw Slough to St. Francisville, the first place 
on the ri\cr where it was thought practicable 
to build a dam. 

"About $150,000 were expended in the ef- 
fort, but the attempt pro\'ed to be an imi)ractic- 
able undertaking, and, after expending this 
large amount of money, the work of digging a 
canal was abandoned. At the August election, 
Hugh W. Sample, of Jefferson county, was 
elected president : Charles Corckcry, of Du- 
l)r(iuc county, secretary, and I'aul liratton, of 
Van Buren county, treasurer. The officers 
elected were qualified, and at first opened their 
offices at Fairfield. Col. Samuel Curtis, 
from Ohio, was selected by the b.oard as chief 
engineer: but there was \-er_\- little done this 
season toward improving the river, further than 
making surveys. The necessary surveys hav- 
ing been completed, early in the spring of 1848, 
the work was couimenced. The canal and three 
dams were put under coutract, and about 500 

hands were put at w<irk. On the 21st of Au- 
gust, the building of 10 more dams was con- 
tracted for, and there seemed to be a fair pros- 
pect for the speedy completion of the entire 

"Glowing reports of the country and the 
c.dvantages to be derived from tlie improve- 
ment of tlie river, excited tlie public mind to 
the highest expectations, and the people be- 
came very anxious to secure as much of the 
public lands as possible, that this great under- 
taking nnght be speedily completed: and to 
ascertain the construction put upon the grant 
by the General Government, application was 
made to the Land Department ftir a decision. 
Richard ^l. Young, the Commissioner of the 
General Land Office, on the 23d day of Feb- 
ruary, 1848, in a letter addressed to the board 
of public works, gave it as his opinion that the 
State was entitled to alternate sections with- 
in five miles of the Des Moines River, through 
the whole extent of Iowa. This decision gave 
assurances that the amount of land claimed 
would be received. The board of improve- 
ment made great prejiaration for rajiidly push- 
ing on the work, and the public nnnd was ex- 
hilarated with the greatest iioi)es of speedily 
realizing the great advantages represented to 
be derived from this imdertaking. 
! "]jut, as it is the lot of man to meet with 

I disappointments, such seems to have l)cen the 
I result in this case: for it was found that the 
lands coidtl not be sold fast ent)ugh to meet 
the expenses of so extensive a work as had 
Ijeen luidertaken. To remedy this difticulty, 
the board of public works recommended to 



tlie Icgislatui-e 'that Imnds, bearinj;- the sanc- 
tion (it tlif suprc-nic power of tlie State, should 
be issued Ijy tlie board, and pledging tbe pro- 
ceeds of the sales of the lands, as well as the 
tolls of the improvements, for their redemp- 
tion." lUit this policy did not meet with the 
sanction of some of the leading Democrats of 
the State, who regarded such a measure as 
not Ijeing in accordance with Democratic prin- 
ciples, among whom were \'er Plank Van 
Antwcr]). \'an Antwerp. h;ning held the of- 
fice tjf recei\er in the first land office estab- 
lished in Southern Iowa, and then holding the 
same ofifice at Fairfield, and also, for a while, 
editor of a jniper. was extensively known, and 
at that time exerted nnich iniluence among 
the people and he took a very active 
part against the proposition recommend- 
ed by the board. He claimed that tiie 
measure was not only anti-Democratic, 
but impolitic, and went to Iowa City as 
a lol)bv member, and made himself \ery 
busy with the members to defeat it; and the 
cpposition witli which it met from Van Ant- 
werp ;md other jirivate individuals had its ef- 
fect with the members of the legislature, and 
the measure was defeated, much to the dis- 
comfiture of Sam])le. This interference of 
Van Antwerp with the recommendations of 
the board created a coolness between Sample 
and Van .\ntwcrp which caused some singular 
results in the future political matters of the 

"For the purpose of securing the full 
amount of land claimed, the legislature passed 
a memorial asking Congress to enact an ex- 

planatory law confirming to the State the 
(Hiantity of land claimed. But Congress did 
not feel (li.sposed to do this, and the extent of 
the grant was a disputed question for several 

".At the August election in 1849, the offi- 
cers of the board of public works were to be, 
again elected, and the old officers were desir- 
ous of holding on to their offices, and Sample 
made great efforts to have the old officers re- 
nominated by the State convention for candi- 
dates betore the people. Those who were in 
favor of issuing bonds for the speedy com])le- 
tion of the work were in favor of re-electing 
the old board; those who were against this 
measure were opposed to them, .\mong those 
I who took an active jjart against the old iKiard 
was Van .\ntwerp, anrl his opposition was 
particularly made against Sam])le. which got up 
much ill-feeling between them. Van Antwerp, 
to accomplish his ends before the convening of 
the convention, prepared a stricture on Sample's 
political acts, which 'showed him up' in 
no very enviable light. \'an .\ntwcrp went 
to Iowa City, w here the convention was to be 
held, a short time before it convened, and h.Td 
his strictures printed in handbill form, and on 
the morning of the convention circulated co])ies 
all over the city, so that a co])y found its way 
into the hands of every delegate. This had 
the effect to beat Sample, and the other officers 
of the old board, and William Patterson, of 
Lee County, was nominated for president ; 
Jesse Williams, of John.son, for secretary; and 
George Gillaspy, of Wapello, for treasurer. 
" individuals were all elected, entered 



upim the duties of ihcir trust, and with energy 
undertook to complete rdl tlie wurk wliich had 
been put under contract. 15ut they soon found 
that they could not sell lands fast enough to 
meet their expenditures, and had ti) susjiend a 
portion of the work. But they did not do 
this until they had contracted a large amount 
of dehts. which they had not the means to 
jiav. The new hoard, on making settlement?. 
with the contractors, not having the money to 
\.^^\' them, issued honds, or certificates of in- 
(Iditcdness, pledging the lands for their ])ay- 
nient, and liinding the hoard to redeem them 
as soon as they had the means to do it. So 
the new board, without the sanction of tlie law, 
did what the old hoard tried to get the legis- 
lature to authcjrize them to do 1)\' law, and for 
which policy they were turnetl out of office 
and others put in their place. Those contrac- 
tors who were stopped from going on with 
their work claimed damages; legal proceedings- 
were had. and some of them recovered large 

"The course pursued by the new hoard met 
with much censure from the ])uhlic and the 
newspapers ; particularly the Whig press was 
very se\'ere in its strictures. The course which 
had been pursued hy the board of public works 
made the improvement of the ri\-er Des IMoines 
a prominent matter before the legislature 
which convened in December. 1850. The is- 
suing of bonds (lid not meet with the ai)provaI 
of that body, and a law was passed abolishing 
the offices of ])resident, secretary and treas- 
urer, and the offices of 'Commissioner and 
Register of the Des Moines River Improve- 

ment' were created, which, instead of being 
elected bv the ])eo])le, were appointed by the 
Governor, by and with the consent of the Sen- 

".\s soon as the law abolishing the board ■ 
of public works went into eti'ect. the Governor 
appointed \'er Plank \'an Antwerj) commis- 
sioner, and George Gillaspy register of the im- 
provement, who, on the 9th of June, 1851, en- 
tered into a contract with Bangs Brothers & 
Companv, of Xew \'ork, in \vhich they stijju- 
lated to com])lctc the wliole work, from the 
mouth of the ri\cr to the Raccoon Fork, in 
four }-ears from the time, when for the im- 
provement of the river a confirmation should. 
be secured of the extension of the grant of 
land al.i(.)ve that point. When the contract 
was closed Bangs Brothers & Company and 
the (ifticers of the improvement went to work 
and succeeded in getting the Land Depart- 
ment of the General Government to recon- 
sider the decision in which it had been held 
that the grant of land only extended to the 
Raccoon Fork, and obtained a decision that 
it extended to the northern lioundary of the 
State, wdiich gave hopes that the ri\er would 
soon be made navigaljle. On the first recejition 
of the news there was much rejoicing, but 
when the details of the contract with Bangs 
Brothers & Company were made public, it 
was found that the contract provided that the 
iands l)elow Raccoon Fork were not to be 
sold for less than $2.00 per acre, and those 
ab<i\'e for not less than $5.00. 

"This gave great dissatisfaction, for a 
great portion oi these lands was occupied liy 



claimants who expected to buy tlieir claims 
at $1.25 per acre, as others had done wIkj had 
settled upon Government lands. This provis- 
ion stirred up much ill-feeling among the set- 
tlers: public meetings were held, and this part 
of the contract was condemned in the strongest 
terms : and such were the feelings that there 
were apprehensions of serious difficulties if 
this part of the contract should be enforced. 
But when these excitements were at the high- 
est news came that Bangs Brothers & Com- 
pany had failed, and probably their contract 
would be annulled, and this allayed the pub- 
lic feeling. Bangs Brothers & Company did 
not conipl\- with their contract in furnishing 
means, and the work on the river did not go 
on, and the public e.xpectation of a speedy 
completion of the proposed improvement van- 

'"The officers of the inipmvcnicnt were ap- 
pointed for only two years, and at the expira- 
tion of their term of office Van .\ntwerp was 
re-ajjpointed commissioner, and Paul C. Jef- 
fries was appointed register. I'.ut these last 
ajipoiiited officers held their trust but a short 
time, for during the past two years the work 
on the river had jjrogressed very slow ly ; the 
contract with Bangs Brothers & Company had 
Ijeen declared forfeited, and it was understood 
that other sources were to be looked to for 
going on with the work. The officers a\y- 
pointed by the Governor not being successful 
in their undertaking, the legislature, on the 
1st of January. 1853. repealed the law author- 
izing the Governor to appoint, and made these 
officers again to be elected by the people, and 

on the first Monday in the following April 

Josiah I'lonney, of Van I'.uren Countv. wa.*; 

elected commissioner, and (ieorge (iillaspy, 

[ register. And, for the purpose of aiding the 

j commissioner in con<lucting and concluding 

[ any contract on the subject of improving the 

' river, the legislature appointed George G. 

Wright, of \an IJuren County, and Uriah 

Biggs, of \\ai)ello, iiis assistants, "with cipial 

Ijowers of the commissioner in making and 

determining such contract." 

"From past experience it was not deemefl 
advisable to parcel out the work to many in- 
ilividu.'ds, and consequently these officers were 
required by the legislature not to make any 
: contract, unless such contract .stipulated for 
'at least $1,300,000 to Iw faithfully expended 
in the i)ayment of the debts and li.-ibilities of 
the Improvement, and its completion to the 
greatest extent possible." .\nd, to this end, 
if it was necessarv, thev were authorized 'to 
; sell and dispose of all and any lands which 
hatl been or might hereafter be granted l)y 
Congress for the improvement of the river, 
' and. if it was necessary to effect a contract, 
I they were authorized to convey the right t^ 
■ tolls and water rents arising from tlie Improve- 
ment, for the length of time and uixm such 
I terms as they might <leem expedient. l>ul in 
' disposing of the lands, they were not to c<ki- 
tract them for less than $1.25 |)er acre:" ami 
if no contract of this character should 
be made before the ist of Scptcml>er. 
1853. and then the pay of all the officers 
connected with the work, except the register 
and one engineer, was to cease, and all o\xt- 

I 22 


ation connected with the work, except sucli 
parts as were under contract, were to be sus- 
pended until further action l)y the legislature. 
The register was required to put all imfinished 
work then under cc.nitract in sucli a condition 
as to pre\'ent it from injury, and to see that all 
property of the State connected with the work 
was carefully preserved. If the register, at 
any time subsequent, should receive proposi- 
tions which he deemed sufficient for consider- 
ation, he was to submit the same t(_i the com- 
missioner ; and should a contract l)e made on 
the terms required by the legislature, then the 
pay of the officers should commence and the 
work go on as though it had not l)cen sus- 

"The new commissioner, being conscien- 
tious about the expending of money, immedi- 
ately after taking charge of the work, dis- 
missed all the engineers, except Guy \\'ells, 
the chief engineer, and employed no officer or 
other ])ersons, except when the necessity of 
the work imperatively demanded it. There 
were in several places of the river snags and 
Ijoulders. which nuich obstructed the naviga- 
tion, and had become a source of much in- 
convenience and complaint: but during the of- 
ficial term of Bonney the river was 'cleaned 
of snags, bowdders and other obstructions to 
such an extent as to make the navigation of the 
river, at proper stages of the water, safe." 

"The commissioner and his associates, af- 
ter a.ssuming the duties of their trust, entered 
into correspondence with such j^ersons and 
companies as they thought likely to eml)ark 
in such an enterprise. Ami by this means 

they succeeded in eliciting the attention of 
capitalists to such an extent that a number 
of persons came to the State for the purpose 
of in\-estigation. These persons, by an ex- 
amination of the valley of the Des Moines per- 
sonally, and making themselves acquainted 
with the resources of the country, on their re- 
turn cast im])arted to others the undeveloped 
wealth and advantages of the valley, which 
was the means of bringing many good and 
enterprising citizens to the State. Among oth- 
ers who visited Iowa for the purpose of inves- 
tigation was Henry OTxielly, a man who had 
acquired some considerable notoriety as a con- 
tractor in putting up telegraph wires, and he 
proposed to undertake the work. Such was the 
known reputation of O'Rielly as a contractor 
that the commissioner and his associates com- 
menced the negotiating of a contract. And 
'on the 17th of December. 1853, Henry 
Odvielly, Esq.. of New York, entered into 
a contract with the commissioners, in which, 
for the consideration of the unsold lands be- 
longing to the improvement antl tolls and water 
rents and other profits arising from the work 
for the term of forty years, agreed to complete 
the entire work \vithin a period of four years 
from the ist day of July, 1854, according to 
the original surveys and specifications made by 
the engineers." 

"Immediately u]X)n entering upon this con- 
tract, O'Rielly returned east and organized a 
company, under the laws of Iowa, called the 
'Des ]\Ioines Navigation & Railroad Com- 
panv,' to which O'Rielly assigned his con- 
tract, himself being one of the officers of the 



company. On the rjtli of June. 1854, liy the 
consent and request of O'Rielly, and witli the 
approljation of the officers of tlie River Im- 
provement, the contract with O'Rielly was 
canceled, and another contract was made with 
the Des Moines Navigation & Railroad Com- 
pany. In this contract the company agreed 
to pay all outstanding debts against the Im- 
provement within ninety days from the date 
of said contract, to settle and ])ay all damage 
suits against the State of Iowa on account of 
the prosecution of said work to mill-owners 
or others who have, or might thereafter, 
sustain damages on account of the same; to 
])ay the salaries and expenses of the officers 
and engineers in charge of the work ; to com- 
plete the impro\-ement from the mouth of the 
Des Moines river to Fort Des Moines, in 
accordance w ith the original plans and speci- 
fications of the state engineer, by the ist day 
of July, 183S; and to construct the whole work 
in such a manner as to assure the navigation 
•of the same for the longest period of each 
year practicable, and to complete at least one- 
fourth of the work each and every year, com- 
mencing on the 1st day of July, 1854. 

"In consideration of this understanding, 
the commissioner agreed to convey to the com- 
pany all the unsold lands belonging to the im- 
l)rovement, the use (jf the work, the tolls and 
^vater rents for the term of forty-one years. 
And afterward, in consideration of the com- 
pany enlarging the works and making some 
other imiirovements in the navigation of the 
river, and also on account of there not being 
as large a quantity of land undisposed of below 

I'Ort Dodge as was understood to be by the 
connnissioners and the company at the time of 
making the contract, a majority of the com- 
missioners, Bonney and Biggs, entered into an 
article of agreement with tiie com])any, in 
which they ])romised to extend the time of the 
comjiany's use and control of the work to sev- 
enty-five years. 

"Under this contract, the public expected 
that the work would be immediately com- 
menced by the new contractors and speedily 
completed. The great expectations which af 
first had been raised by the contractors, under 
the name of the 'Des Moines Navigation & 
Railroad Company,' soon after they undertook 
the work began to diminish ; for there soon 

I arose disagreements and misunderstandings 
among themsehes. The company had been 

! organized under the general incorporation laws 
of biwa. and. consequently, was subject to the 

i laws of the State. .\t the called session of the 
legislature, in 1856. Donald Mann, a stock- 
liolder of the company, memorialized the legis- 
lature to correct the 'manifold alntses' of which 
he cliarged the directors of the company to have 
been gnilty. In this memorial he charged that* 
the managers of the company had. in various 
ways, 'corruptly, and for corrupt purposes." vio- 
lated the laws of the State, 'greatly to the injury 
of the iKople thereof, and to the great loss and 
damage of the stockholders.' and showed in de- 
tail wherein they had acted corruptly and vio- 
lated the laws under wbidi the company was 
incorporated, .\mong other tilings, he stated 
that, 'for the purpose of deceiving the people 
and individuals in relation to their means,' they 



liatl rci)resente(l U> llie piiljlic and m individuals 
that there liad l)cen i^aid into tlie treasury 'emir- 
mcnis sums t)f money, on account of stock sold. 
for much larger amounts than had been re- 
ceived. And the better to accomplish and main- 
tain such deceptions, the managers (or a ma- 
jority of them) caused to be issued certificates 
of stock to the amount of, nominally, $630,000, 
or si.x thousand three hundred shares of $100 
for cash, of which shares thev had represented 
to the ])ublic and indixiduals that the holder had 
])aiil the sum of $100, amounting to $630,000, 
w hen, as a matter of fact, there was only 5 per 
cent iiaid on each share, by which means the 
public and many indi\iduals were decei\ed.' 

"Henry U'Rielly. the inili\idu;d with whom 
the contract had first been made, a stockholder 
and one of the directors, also memorialized the 
legislature for an investigation of the affairs of 
the company, in which he reasserted the charges 
made by Alann. and stated that he held him- 
self ready, if the legislature would order an 
investigation of the doings of the company, 
to pro\-e, from the records of the companv 
and from other evidence, 'that there was 
.scarcely ;ui important provision in the code 
of Iowa (applicable to corporations), scarcely 
an important point in the Des Moines Im- 
provement laws, scarcely an important pro- 
vision in the contract which the company 
agreed to fulfill, scarcely an essential provis- 
ion in its by-laws, or e\-en in the charter which 
gave it legal existence, which had not been 
violated, and violated with a recklessness that 
will form a memorable feature in the history 
of Iowa." 

"A joint committee was appointed from 
both branches of the legislature at the called 
session to investigate the alleged abuses, but, 
owing to the short time in which they had to 
act, it was impossible for them to make the 
necessarv inN'estigation. An attemjjt was made 
to create a committee for this purpose to act 
after the legislature adjourned; but this failed, 
so that the alleged abuses ])assed liy witliout 
examination at that time. These memorials 
to the legislature and the discussion of these 
matters li\' the newspapers greatl_\' prejudiced 
the public mind against the company : and 
while these discussions were going on W C. 
Johnson, president of the company, recpiested 
the (ji.n'ernor to examine into its affairs, in 
person or bv a committee, and proposed to 
pav the expenses of such an examination. The 
Governor did not feel disposed to comply with 
the recpiest. but referred the matter to the 
legislature, which convened the following De- 
cember, and recommended that a committee 
should be appointed, with power to adminis- 
ter oaths, and to send for persons and papers, 
with instructions to in(|uire into all the trans- 
actions of the former commissioners and reg- 
isters of the Improvement. 

"This part of the Go\-ernor"s message was 
referred to a committee of 12. consisting of 
memliers of both l)ranches of the legislature,, 
who immcdiateh' prc.iceeded to the discharge 
of their duties. After a careful and thorough 
examination, this committee reported that they 
did not consider the contract made by the com- 
missioners with the company a \-alid contract 
on liehalf of the State, for the law which an- 



thorized the commissioner and register to mai<e 
contracts required that any contract made by 
them, to be valid, must be approved l)y the 
Governor, and that tlie subsequent law, which 
created two assistant commissioners, did not 
do away w ith the provision requiring the (iov- 
ernor to api)rove of such contracts. And, as 
the contract made with the companv had never 
been appro\'ed by the ( "io\crn(ir, the\' did not 
regard it as 1)in(ling on the State. TIk' com- 
mittee also reported that the comi)any had acted 
in bad faith, and violated their charter in many 
ways; and, among other things, ihev found that 
over $!,ooo,ooo of full-paid stock bad been is- 
sued by the ciim])any. ujjon which had been re- 
ceived but $167,000, leaving a delicit of $833,- 
000, for which certificates of full-paid stock had 
lieen issued, fur which nut a farthing iiad been 
recci\cd b\' the cnmpanw which had been sold 
to inuiiceni purchasers for a \'aiuable consider- 
ation, wild had purchased, believing its full 
value bad been paid into the treasury of tlie 
compau}-. The company liad come far short 
of completing the anmunt of w(irk which thev 
were required to do under their contract, and 
their acts gave strong indications that their 
object was to e.xpend money enough to get pos- 
session of all the available lands, and then 
ab.'uidi in the wi >rk : for more than one-hrdf of 
the time which was given for completing the 
entire contract had exjjired, and on a work 
which was estimated to cost about $2,000,000, 
they had expended about $185,957.44 for an 
actual construction of the work, while the com- 
pany claimed that they had expended $104,- 
180.74 for incidental expenses, the most part 

of which did not, in any manner. l)enetit liie 
improvement. Yei the company claimed that 
they were entitled to land at $1.25 i)er acre in 
I)ayment for the whole amount, 

■•On the jd of April, 1855, \Nilliani .Mc- 
Kay, of I'olk county, was elected commissioner, 
and John C. Lockwood, of Louisa county, 
register: but in Xovember. 1856, McKay re- 
signed, and Edwin .Manning, of Van Buren 
county, was j.ppointcd by the ( iovernor to fill 
his i)lace. .Manning bore the name of a good 
business man and close linancicr, and he was 
not willing to audit the claims for incidental, as one for which the com|)any were 
entitled to receive land : and this became a mat- 
ter of dispute between the company and com- 
missioner, and. in order to have the matter ad- 
justed, the President proixised to make an 
abatement of $72,000; but Manning did not 
feel (lispcxsed to settle the matter him.self, and 
referred the whole claim to the legislature. 

"Manning, in his report to the legislature, 
showed that there had been sold by the State, 
through the boar<l of public works, during the 
six years that the State prosecutetl the work, 
al)out $75,000 worth of land : and for this sum * 
only 'three stone-masonry locks' and two dams 
had been completed ; and there iiad been certi- 
fied to the Des Moines .Navigation & Railroad 
Com])any, by Bonney and (lillaspy, 88.853 '9" 
100 acres of land, and by McKay and Lock- 
wood. 116,636 4-100 acres, at $1.25 i)cr acre, 
making $256,861.53 worth of land, wliich had 
been disposeii of to the present Company, a 
j part of which amount was for old debts which 
they had paid. 



"The report of tlie committee and commis- 
sioner liaxing been made to tiie legislature, that 
body, acting- upon the premises that the con- 
tract which had been made by the commission- 
ers with the company was not binding upon the 
State, (in the 29th of January, 1857, passed an 
act by which there was to be a commissioner 
apjjointed by the Governor, who, with the reg- 
ular commissioner, was authorized to contract 
fur ihe speedy prosecution of the work, and it 
was made their duty to ascertain and pay off all 
just claims against the lm])riivement : and they 
were authorizetl t(3 contract with any company 
for the sale of all lands, tolls and water rents 
who wiiuld gi\e satisfactory e\-idence and se- 
curity for the completion nf the improvement. 
But they were not to bind the State by any con- 
tract further than the appropriation of the land 
and the income of the improvement; and no 
contract made by the cimimissioners was to be 
\-;did until appnixed by the ddvernor. And by 
this act, the offices of register and assistant 
commissioner were a1)olished, and the register 
was required to deliver over to the State land 
ofifice all books and papers in liis office; and the 
register of the State land office was required to 
perform all the duties which the register of the 
improvement had done. And by thus doing, 
the legislature gave the Des Moines Navigation 
& y-Jailrnad dunpany U> understand that they 
did nut regard the contract made by them with 
the commissioners as binding upon the State, 
though by this act they made arrangements for 
auditing their claims and paying them their 
just dues. 

".About this time, the question was 1.)rought 

up in the Land I3ei)artment at Washington, as 
to the extent of this grant of land, and the opin- 
ion was made public that the original inten- 
tion of Congress was to only give to tlie state 
the lands Ijelow the Raccoon Fork ; but a dis- 
position was manifested to cnmjjrdmise b\- the 
department recognizing as being in the grant 
all lands adjacent to the river within the state 
But assumptions had heretofore met with suc- 
cess, and ni)\v thnse interested in the land grant 
claimed and ci intended that this grant embraced 
all the lands to the source of the river. This 
difficulty about the extent of the land grant, to- 
gether with the action of the legislature, nearly 
suspended all ojierations on the ri\-er, and much 
was said b_\- the comjiany about enforcing their 
claims by law. 

"Tlie commissioners ajjijointed to audit and 
pay the claims against the lmpro\cment did not 
succeed in adjusting the claims of the company, 
and the matter was again referred to the legis- 
lature; and, on the 22c\ of March, 1S58, there 
was a joint resolution passed by the legislature, 
defining the basis upon which the State would 
settle, and the Des ^Sloines Navigation & Rail- 
road Company were given sixty days to con- 
sider whether they would accept of and ratify 
this pro])osition ; and if they did not. within 
that time, then it was made the duty of the 
Governor to enjoin them from further proceed- 
ing with the work of the Improvement. Also, 
on the same day of adopting this resolution, 
there was an act passed giving all the lands 
which remained after settling with this Com- 
panv. 'and also all the stone, timber and other 
materials turned over t(.i the State by the Com- 



pany,' to tlie Keokuk. Fort Des Moines & 
jMinnesota Railroad Conii)any, for the purpose 
of constructing a railroad from Keokuk up the 
Des Moines Valley, to tiie northern line of the 
state, except the material which ii might he 
necessary to use for the completion of the locks 
and dams at Croton, Plymouth, Bentonsport 
and Keosaucpia, which the railroad company 
were to complete; and also, all dehts which 
grew out of the Improvement, which at that 
time remained unsatisfied, or were, in some 
manner, provided for. But in this grant there 
was a provisit)n made that it should not. in any 
manner, contlict with the lands which had, pre- 
vious to that lime. l)cen given to the State hy 
Congress for railroad purposes, which, on the 
15th of July, 185C), had been given by the legis- 
lature to the companies formed to build the four 
roads designatetl by the grant. But it was un- 
derstixjd that these lands, having been donated 
by Congress for the ini])rovenient of the naviga- 
tion of the.rixer Des Moines, could not be di- 
verted to tile building of a railroad without the 
consent of Congress, and measures were imme- 
diately taken to get Congress to sanction the 
diversion ; but this attempt failed, so that the 
action of the Iowa legislature did not avail the 
Railroad Company anything that session. The 
railroad company determined to make another 
.effort at the next session of Congress; but be- 
fore the time for this effort, another difficulty 
arose in the way of obtaining the lands for the 
Keokuk, Fort Des Moines & Minnesota Rail- 
road Company. 

"In .setting uj) the claims that the grants 
for improving the ri\er Des Moines extended 

above the Raccoon Fork, the citizens of Iowa 
were united, until after the grant of lands by 
Congress for railroad purposes was made. 
After this tiie railroad companies became in- 
terested in the lands claimed for the River Im- 
provement, and claimed that the grant did not 
embrace any lands above the Raccoon Fork, on 
which the citizens of Jowa were now divided, 
and both sides of the (piestion were represent- 
ed. Upon this phase of the case the officer 
of the Land Department at Washington had 
but very little hestitation in deciding against 
the claims of the River Improvement. After 
this decision was made the legal tribunals were 
restored to, and a case was taken to the Su- 
preme Court of the United States, where the 
same decision was given as in the land office. 
"On the 3d of March, i860, there was an 
act passed aljolishing the office of commis- 
sioner of the Des Moines Improvement, and 
George G. Wright, Edward Johnson anil 
Christian W. Slagle were ap])ointed a l)oard 
of commissioners for the purpose of ascertain- 
ing all the liabilities against the Des Moines 
River Improvement and against the state of 
Iowa, growing out of the improvement. They* 
were refpiired to meet at Keosauc]ua. and were 
clothed with power similar to the District 
Court, to hear and determine all claims grow- 
ing out of the Improvement, and were author- 
ized to sell all the interests of the State, and 
all dams and improvements, and the lands ap- 
pertaining thereto. These commissioners pro- 
ceeded with their duties, and with their la- 
bors closed all official acts, as far as the State 
was concerned, in applying the proceeds of 



tliis land grant tmvard the iniproxement of tlie an immense water-power for drixin.L;' macliin- 

na\ieation uf tlie ri\er Des ]\loines. 

ery. But. throiigli tlie incompetency of manag- 

"idiis was a most magnificent grant, em- ing tlie means, and tlie intrigues of designing 

bracing some of the best lands in the State: , men. the whole of the lands below Raccoon 

and if the proceeds had been judiciouslv and b'ork. and a large (pianity al)o\e. were disposed 

])ropcrlv expended, wduld ha\e made a great : of and \crv little jiractical good acconiplishcd 

thoroughfare ior steamboats, besides aft'ording towanl the na\igation of the ri\er. 



Eari.v Mkmbkks ok thk Wapkllo CorxTY Bar — Sketches or Eminknt 1,auvi:ks an'd 


On tlie iStli of September. 1S44. tlie first 
court liiglier tlian tliat of a justice of tlie peace 
was lield in Wapello County. Judge Mason 
acted in a dual capacity. — as judge of the U. S. 
district Court and as a judge of the Terri- 
torial District Court; he had received his au- 
thority from the President oi the United 
States. Martin Van Buren. 

Since that time the following judges of the 
District Court have held sessions in Wapello 
Countv : W. I. Bahh, of Henry County; E. 
L. Burton, of Wapello; H. B. Hendershott, 
of Wapello; J. C. Knapj). of \'an Buren; C. 
D. Leggett. of Jefiferson ; J. C. Mitchell, of 
Lucas: Cyrus OIney, of Jefferson; M. .\. Rob- 
erts, of Wajiello; Robert Sloan, of \'an Buren; 
W. H. Seevers, of Mahaska ; Dell Stuart, of 
Lucas; W. D. Tisdale, of Wapello; John S. 
Townsend. of Monroe; H. Tannehill. of Ap- 
panoose; H. H. Trimble, of Davis; H. C. 
Traverse, of Davis; M. J. Williams, of Wa- 
pello; T. M. Fee. of Appanoose; Frank Eich- 
elberger. of Davis: and Dashiel. of Monroe. 

Many of the judges here named have at- 
tained distinction, \early one-half the num- 
ber are dead. Those who are alive at this 
date (August. 1901) are: W. D. Tisdale, 

' Frank Eichelberger, Robert Sloan. T. M. Fee, 
W. 1. i'.abl). H. H. Trimble. 11. C. Traverse, 
J. C. Mitchell. C. D. Leggett, Dell Stuart. ^L 
A. Roberts. 

Judge Knapp was a picturesque ligure — 
a link between tlie old and the new — a juilge 
of commanding appearance; although he was 
a stern man, he was popular, as was evidenced 
by his election in a district that was hostile* 
to his i)arty. Judge Burton was a close 
analytical lawyer; his opinions were generally 
affirmed by the higher courts. Judge Williams 

! was eminent in his profession, a just judge 
as well as a good lawyer. Trimble was able. 

' so was Traverse : Seevers was a close student ; 

I the same can be said of Townsend. There can 

be said many good words for tlie sitting 

judges, Sloan. Fee. Eichelberger and Roberts. 

Hon. E. H. Stiles, who was himself a dis- 



tinguished member of tlie Iowa liar, and at one 
time reporter of the supreme court, gave this 
estimate of Judge II. B. Hendershott: "Al- 
ways a good lawyer, his legal forces were in 
excellent discipline, and his great industry, 
sound judgment and painstaking disposition 
enabled him to apply those forces in the most 
thorough and satisfactory manner; while his 
urbanity and fairness placed everybody at ease 
and invoked the prt)found respect of his audi- 
tors." This trilnile, from so good a lawyer 
as Mr. Stiles, is perhaps all that Judge Hen- 
dershott himself would have asked in his life 

Contemporary with Stiles were such law- 
yers as Samuel W. Summers, j. W. Dixon, 
A. H. Hamilton, M. j. William.^, John D. 
Devin, John .\. Johnson, A. .\. Stuart, Thom- 
as Bigham and A. W. (iaston, of Ottumwa, 
with Homer D. I\es and R. W. Boyd, of Ed- 
dvville, and Cyrus l''ranklin. of Agency City. 
Summers became colonel of the 7th low a Vol- 
unteer Cavalry, and fought Indians on the 
plains during the Civil war. J. W. Dixon 
ga\-e John H. Gear a merry race for tiie speak- 
ership of the Iowa legislature. Hamilton 1)e- 
came major of the 36th Iowa X'olunleer In- 
fantry, antl was captured by the rebels at 
Mark's Mill alter a sturdy contest. Ga.ston has 
remained in Ottumwa during all these years, 
leading a quiet life. De\'in left the country 
\ears ago. John A. Johnson went to ]\Ion- 
tana, where he died about a year ago. 
.\. A. Stuart left long ago. Thomas Bigham, 
eccentric and yet with sturdy ideas, is dead. 
Homer D. Ives died in his jjrime at Eddy- 

ville, and Cyrus Franklin, after a stirring ca- 
reer as an officer in the Southern Confederacy, 
passed into the silence. 

Mr. Stiles, in an address delivered May 
17, 1894, when the new court house was dedi- 
cated, referred to J. C. Hall and David Rorer, 
of Burlington; to Townsend and Perry, of 
Albia; Dunlavy, M. H. Jones and Trimble, 
of Bloomfield. The author oi this book recalls 
the appearance of Rorer, who alwaxs appeared 
in court with the traditional green Ijag of the 
English advocate ; he had a bullet-like head, 
but he was a bright lawyer. M. H. Jones 
had a ketn sense of humor; he was full of 
sarcasm, init a gentleman of infinite wit. 
His reminiscences, if they could jje gathered 
and printed, would be of great ^■alue. Trim- 
ble was one of the most mtellectual men of 
the Southern border. Perry, of Albia, is an- 
other al)le lawyer, who has practiced at the 
Ottumwa bar. 

There were other notable men from other 
counties who practiced at the Wapello county 
i bar. Such men as Charles Xegus. a man of 
commanding presence and of fine literary abil- 
! ily ; Stiles says he had a Jove-likc front, and 
I this is true, if our conception of Jove be a true 
one. Stiles himself was one of the noblest 
looking men of tiie county bar. We had here 
also Micajali Williams, of O.skaloosa, and J. 
A. L. Crookham ; the latter was picturesque 
and forcible. Amos Harrie was a tall, angular 
man ; he was from Centerville and was once 
prosecutor of the district. Judge Knapp was an 
ancient Greek in appearance — one of the no- 
blest of the pioneer jurists of Iowa. George 



Wright and Clay Caldwell are associated with 
the Wapello county bar; they occasionally 
made their appearance here in cases of great 
importance. Judge Caldwell now occupies a 
commanding position on the Federal liench anil 
adds new luster to our national jurisprudence. 
L. C. Hendershott, son of Jutlge llender- 
shott, is the oldest native-born Ottumwa law- 
yer; the oldest practitioner ncjw in service is 
W. W. Cory, who has been ver\- successful 
as a lawyer and in a financial way. Capt. 
W. H. C. Jaques is ne.xt after Cory as to 
length of service ; he has made a splendid rep- 
utation as a lawyer and has l)een called to 
distant states in his practice. The name of 
William McXett is synonymous with honesty, 
integrity, culture and ability. D. II. Emery 
is the worthy and able prosecuting attorney 
for the county. E. E. McElroy is noted for 
his stead}- ])urpose and integrity. M. A. Rob- 
erts is now one of the judges of this district. 
J. C. Mitchell, an able jurist, formerly judge 
of the district, is active in practice. A. W. 
Enoch has served acceptably two terms as 
county attorney. A. C. Steck and J. J. Smith 
constitute a strong legal firm that is well 
known to the Wapello county calendar. J. 
\\'. Lewis, an orator of renown as well as a 
successful lawyer, has been register in bank- 
ruptcy, but resigned the place and is succeeded 
by C. C. Mclntire. Work & \\\)rk, a firm 
made uj) of father and son, — W. A., the head 
of the firm, a most excellent lawyer, and Em- 
mett A., constitute one of the leading legal 
firms of southern Iowa. Blake & Hall are 
partners in a profitable business. F. M. 

Hunter is a partner with Judge Mitchell in 
the legal business, and is also U. S. commis- 
sioner, charged with important duties. B. VV. 
Scott, C. C. Leech, P. H. Riordan, W. W. 
Epps, at one time mayor of Ottumwa, F. G. 
Orelui), 'It une time police judge, Ayres & 

j Fullen, the latter at one time U. S. district 
attorney, Seneca Cornell, htjuest and able, who 
also conducts an abstract (.ffice. Sunnier Sibcr- 
ell, at one time county attorney, Jnseph R. 
Jatpies. son of and partner with his father, 
Captain Jaques, in the legal business. .\. B. 
Williams and Keota, son and daughter of the 
late Judge Williams, and W. 1). 'iisdale, who 
remained on the bench as long as he wanted 
the position. 

There are not many lawyers in Wapello 
county, outside of Ottumwa. W. R. Xelson, 
of Eddyville, is deservedly prominent as an 

j attorney, and the same may be said of Messrs. 

i Tomlinson. Smith, Henshaw aiifl Dougherty, 
of F.ldon. 

It is. perhaps, better to speak of the dead 
than of the living; of those who have finished 

j their course and complete*! their record. Sum- 
mers, Williams, Burton and Hendershott wer# 
lawyers who would have graced any bar in the 

t United States. Summers was austere in the 
presence of strangers, calm and dignified, yet 
he was very genial with his intimate friends; 

1 he and Major Hamilt(Mi were the only lawyers 

! of ntite in the county who entered the army 
and achieved distinction during the Civil war, 
if we except Colonel Stuart, who was here a 

I short time, and did not relocate after the war 
was over. W'illiams was noted for his keen 



cross-examinations of contuniacions witnesses. 
Hendershott was grave, dignified and studious. 
Burton excelled in the examination of consti- 
tutional questions and was impressive in argu- 
ment. Dixon was a man of more than ordi- 
nary ability. Eugene Fawcett was here for 
i: short time; he was brilliant but eccentric; he 
r.chieved reputation and honors in California. 
One of the most distinguished lawyers, who 
practiced occasionally in Wapello county, was 
James 1". Wilson, of Fairfield, who became 
L'nited States Senator and achieved national 
fame as a statesman. \'an Buren county con- 
tributed Kna])p, the dead jurist, and Sloan, 
the li\ing one. to the galaxy of stars at the 
Wapello c unt}- bar. 

Henry Clay Dean appeared at the Wapello 
coitnty bar on two or three important occa- 
sions : his greatest success was achieved about 
the year 1867, when he saved the neck of 
'J'rogdon, who had committed a most brutal 
murder and robbery in this county. The evi- 
dence was complete; indeed, it was admitted 
that Trogdon had committed the crime, but 
Dean set up the plea of imbecility and secured 
a sentence of life imprisonment. The gal- 
lows was cheated ! Dean made a wonderful 
argument in support of his ])lea ; he had Trog- 
t'on before him and exhibited the prisoner's 

head to the jin^y; Trogdon had the physiog- 
nomy of the average cut-throat, and a certain 
peculiarity of the skull that Dean claimed to 
be a malformation. Those who heard it will 
never forget Dean's dramatic [iresentation : 
pointing to the head of the murderer, he ex- 
claimed in piercing tones : ".\ defect ! .'\ de- 
fect ! A defect !" Fie dwelt on this, and con- 
\ inced the jury that the prisoner was not a 
responsible being. It was the triumph of ora- 
tory. Trogdon was a base murderer and 
deserved the gallows. Dean was one of the 
greatest orators tliat the West has produced ; 
he was unique, original, and sometimes spoke 
as if he were inspired. 

\\'. S. Coen. attorncy-at-law. who died 
January 25, 1900, aged 53 years, was an ex- 
ample of an honest, industrious lawyer, who 
gained an enviable place at the county bar. 
He was a soldier of the Union nm\ was seri- 
ously wounded ; he returned from the front, 
determined to become a lawyer. He had a 
hmited education, but acquired the habits of a 
student and was admitted to the bar with hon- 
ors. He had a brusque way about him that 
was not agreealjlc to all those he encountered, 
but all admired and respected him when they 
came to know of his many good qualities. 



Diseases And Remedies of the Eaki.v Period — Primitive Doctors and Their 
Practices — The Profession as it is To-dav. 

It is believed that tlie Indians diil not suft'er 
■from some of the diseases tliat came witli the 
advent of civiHzation; they were either ac- 
chmated, or there were conditions produced l)y 
the cukivation of the soil that developed certain 
kinds of fevers. The decaying vegetation and, 
possibly, the pollution of streams from which 
the early settlers procured water for domestic 
l)urposes, also the privations to which they 
were subjected, the coarse food which they 
were obliged to use, all contributed to make 
the country appear unhealthy at the beginning. 
The prevailing diseases were intermittent 
fevers, fever and ague or the "chills." There 
were but few doctors as compared with the ex- 
tent of territory that was inhabited: there were 
occasions when a physician had to be sum- 
moned that involved a horseback ride of 23 
or 30 miles : and the settlers were thus taught 
that in ordinary cases they had to depend upon 
themselves and upon the aid given by simple 
remedies. Some of these settlers became 

(piite proficient in the use of native herbs, roots 
j and barks. The common remedy for coughs 
and colds was a decoction of wild cherry bark, 
simple syrup and whiskey. There were other 
barks and herbs that served to reduce fever. 
Fever and ague, or the "chills,' were very re- 
fractory and nothing but quinine seemed to be 
potent enough to do any gixKl in such cases. 
At that time, there were no (|uinine tabloids, 
covered with gelatine to remove the bitterness; 
instead of the active i)rinciple, they used Pe- 
ruvian bark in a decoction with whiskey as the 
menstruum. In deed there were instances 
where more conlidence was placed in the men- 
struum than in the bark, and it was used ac- 
C( rdingly. Cuts or wounds were treated with 
poultices, the only antiseptic Ijeing hot or cold 
water, and it is interesting to note that there 
were few cases of blood ])oisoning. There 
were no laws governing the jjractice of medi- 
cine and there sprang uj) self-made doctors, 
who carried immense saddle-bags stufifed with 



ill-smelling roots and herbs, and it is possible 
that many of the sick died from the want of 
proper medical attention. 

Among the earliest of competent physicians 
who came to the county was Dr. C. C. Warden, 
who had an extensive practice. Dr. Elbert, of 
Keosanqua, was eminent as a surgeon and was 
called in cases of delicate surgery. Among 
other early physicians was Dr. .\. D. Wood, 
of Ottnmwa; later on came Dr. T. J. Douglass, 
who became eminent in his jirofession. Dr. 
S. P). Thrall came later than ditl Dr. Douglass, 
and was highly esteemed as a physician. The 
same good words can be said of Dr. J. Will- 
iamson and old Dr. Heuvel, an eccentric but 
learned Hollander, generall\- known as the 
"Old Dutch Doctor," who was auKing the last 
of the ])hysicians who practiced bleeding, 
though not indiscriminately. Dr. D. A. La 
Force came .still later, as well as Dr. Charles 
G. Lewis, who became eminent as physicians. 

Meanwhile the character oi pre\ailing diseases 
changed, but the doctors of Ottnmwa and W'a- 
pello county ha\e kept well in line with the ad- 
vance of medical science, and are ranked high 
in the profession and in the various medical 
associations, state and national. 

The Wapelln Ciunity Medical .Association 
was organized in 1853 by Drs. C. C. \\'arden, 
J. Williamson, W. L. Orr, J. \\". La Force, 
A. D. Wood and Weir. The president was 
Dr. C. C. Warden ; vice-president. Dr. A. D. 
Wood; secretary. Dr. J. Williamson. The as- 
sociation became defunct, but was reorganized 
in 1870, with Dr. W. L. Orr, president: Dr. 
T. J. Douglass, \ice-president ; and Dr. J. 
Williamson, secretar\-. The present officers oi 
the association are Dr. L. J. Baker, jiresident ; 
Dr. F. W. Mills, vice-president; Dr. C. R. 
Russell, secretary; board of censors, Drs. B. 
\\^ Searle, A. O. Williams, J. F. Herrick. 



Sketches of Eldon, Agency City, Eudyville, Kikkvilee, Dahlonega, 



Peter Mul\a!iy. wlu) was one of tlie first 
business men of I'lldon, wrote an address, 
wliicli lie delivered at a celeljration of tlie 
Fourth of July, in 1876. in which he gave a 
history of the first settlement of Washington 
township, including an account iif the begin- 
ning of Eldon. The atklress was printed in the 
form of a pamphlet and few copies are now 
extant. We are under obligations to Mr. and 
Mrs. E. T. Roland, of Eldon. for a loan of 
their copy of ^lulvany's address, and from 
which we derive the history of the township 
and town prior to 1876. 

Mr. Mulvany says : "I have learned that 
where Eldon now stands and this valley reach- 
ing down to lowaville was the scene, in 1827, 
of a most terrible battle that Indian tradition 
has handed down in this state. It was fought 
by the old tribe of Iowa Indians and the Sac 
and Fox tribes, which resulted in almost the 
complete extermination of the lowas. Soon 

after this battle, James H. Jordan came to this 
locality, in 1828, as a trader with the Sac and 
Fox Indians. Black Hawk, the chief of the 
tribe, informed Mr. Jordan of his trouble with 
the lowas as follows : One of the Sac and Fox 
Indians killed one of the Iowa tribe, and the 
chief of the latter demanded the 'transgressor.' 
Black Hawk deli\ered him up where Eldon i.s 
now liiiilt: Black Hawk and his men bid the 
'transgressor' farewell and left him singing his 
death song, then proceeded on their way to 
Rock Island: they cami)ed for the night on 
the Skunk (or Checauqua ) River, and at mid- 
night were alarmed by a horseman, when tife 
'transgressor' so(jn rode up to the camp, the 
lowas having released him and given him a 
horse after they had held a council. This 
seemed to be very generous on the part of the 
lowas, but -SfXHi after this the two tribes had 
a serious ditViculty, and Black Hawk, with his 
war chief rashcpaho. marched from Rock 
and to the lowaville blufTs. and in two di- 
visions, at the signal of a gun, attacked the 



lowas, cutting tlicni off fruni tlieir town, and 
fouglit a terril>le battle, wliicli resulted in the 
total defeat and flight (jf the lowas to the 
woods, wliere Eldon now stands; they after- 
wards retreated to Snake Ridge or Council 
Bluffs, lea\ing the Sacs and Foxes in posses- 
sion of the valley." 

It is ])rubab]e that the United States Gov- 
ernment interfered and compelled the Sacs and 
Foxes to make some kind of restitution to the 
lowas, as will appear from the following para- 
graph fnim ]Mr. Muh-any's address: 

"Long after this, in 1838, Black Hawk in- '. 
vited the lowas to a council on the prairie at 
Mv. Jordan's. They attended, and Black 
Hawk, after making friendly terms with them, 
presented tlie chief with 300 horses, 1,000 
1)lankcls and sume other things, Avhich they 
inimetliately took with them, back to Snake 
Ridge, near Council Bluffs." 

Mr. Aluh-any then proceeds: "Black Hawk 
li\-ed within three rods of Mr. Jordan's. In 
September, 1838, he took sick and sent for his 
friend, Mr. Jordan, who went to see him ; he 
said he had been very ill for fourteen days, and 
that the Indian doctor could not cure him. He 
requested Mr. Ji_)rdan to go to I'ort Edwards 
I now Warsaw) fur a white doctor. Mr. Jor- 
dan re|)lied that he had to go to Rock Island 
to a treaty, and would have to bid Black Hawk 
farewell. Black Hawk then presented Mr. 
Jordan with his sword, bowie knife and whip, 
and said he wished to be buried in the full dress 
of a warrior chief, in the grove near wdiere he 
lay. He died soon after, leaving a wife, tw'O 
sons and two daughters, who buried him as re- 

quested, in full dress, blue cloth regimentals, 
militar)- hat with ostrich feather, gold epaulets 
on shoulders, sword belted on, sword cane in 
hand and three silver medals on his necklace. 
One of these medals w-as given him by the 
British, with blankets to the value of $5,000, 
to induce him to join them in their war with 
the United States; he did join them, but hnd- 
ing that he would have to tight under command 
of British officers, he returned home with his 
warriors. The second medal was presented to 
him liy President Ahulison, as a token of 
friciidsiii;). The third medal was presented by 
Ge:ieral Jackson, when Black Hawk was a 
prisoner at Washington, after th.e close of the 
Black Hawk War. Jackson also presented him 
with the militar\' suit in which he was buried, 
also the .\merican Hag. w hich was hoisted over 
his grave, and remained there till it wore out." 
Mr. Mul\-any in Ids narration omits a de- 
scription (jf the mode of burial, but it is here 
gi\-en, from the testimony of Mr. Jordan: A 
slight excavation w^as made in the earth, but 
not more than two feet ; a puncheon, or split 
log, was laid in this excavation with the end on 
which the head of the body was placed elevated 
at an angle of ])erliaps 30 degrees; the chief 
was placed on this; blankets were spread over 
the body ; then there was a rude structure of 
])uncheons set up in the form of a house rcx)f, 
one end resting on the ground, the other end 
meeting at the top with a puncheon from the o])- 
posite side. Then some earth was thrown up 
against the sides of the structure, as well as the 
ends, but not enough to constitute a mound, 
nor an\- semblance of a mound. On the con- 



trary, wlien tiie roof liad decayed ami fallen, 
tliere was no elevation to mark tiie temporary 
restinf^ place of the chief. When the author of 
this work last saw it, there was a slight de- 
pression instead of an elevation of earth. 

W'c again quote from Mr. .Mnlvany's ad- 
dress : ".\bom a year after Black Hawk's 
death, a Dr. Turner, from Bonaparte, stole his 
remains and the valuables that were buried with 
him; he took the bones to Alton, Illinois, to a 
doctor, to have them 'wired.' Black Hawk's 
wife and children were much aggrieved at the 
action of Turner, and had Mr. Jordan to write 
to the Governor of the Territi^ry, informing 
him of tlie facts. The two doctors disputed 
about the price of 'wiring,' and t'le .\lton doc- 
tor informed Governor Lucas that he had the 
remains of Black Hawk, and would send them 
to him. The governor received ihcni and wrote 
to Jordan that Black Hawk's family might go 
to his office in Burlington and get them. Blac^ 
Hawk's two sons went and saw the skeleton 
of their father ; they concluded, as the bones 
were hung in a nice, dry place, they would 
leave them there until the tribe would be ready 
to mo\e to I-'all River, Kansas, on the reserva- 
tion. The (lovernor's office was burned down 
before they moved and the skeleton was lost. 
In 1844-45 the Indians all left here for Des 
Moines, prior to their removal to the Kansas 

"Before the treaty with liic Indians, John 
B. Groover, an honest, good-hearted German, 
settled here and claimed the land where Eldon 
is now built. He thought this included in 
the '01<1 Purchase." but finding that the line did 

not go farther west than lowaville, he left, 
until after the 'New Purchase,' when he re- 
turned and claimed the same land : he built near 
where the round house now stands and lived 
there three years, when he ilied, and was 
buried with two ui his children near where John 
Drake now lives, and within a few yards of 
where we now stand at this celebration. The 
C. R. 1. & P. Railroad was surveyed over his 
grave, and the graders, little k: f)wing or car- 
ing that he was the first settler here, dug up 
his bones and threw them out -vith the exca- 
vated earth. 

"James H. Jordan, the gentleman to whom 
I am indebted for this information of the early 
hi.story of this place, was born h\ Mercer coun- 
ty. Kentucky, on September j<), 1806. where 
his parents lived and died. .\s I have stated, he 
came to this valley in 1828, as an Indian trader, 
and built a small house near the site of the fine 
dwelling that he and his family now occupy. 

I In 1838 he married Frances Williams, of 
Boone county. Missouri, a lady of more than 

j ordinary refinement: he has two sons, II. C. 

] and X'ictor P.. and one daughter. Sarah, wife 
of .Abraham Hinkle. The Indians offered hifii 
10 miles square of this valley before the gi>v- 
ernment purchase, but he did n<it take it: he 
had. however, to content himself afterward 
with three or four thousand acres. 

"In June. 1837. William Betterton arrived 
in this valley from Elkhart county, Indiana. 
He bought a claim that is now known as the 
Haigler farm, from Peter Avery, for $250 in 
gold, and lived on it only four years, when the 
government tr('H)ps under c<immand of Cap- 



tain Beach, of the Agency, Imnicd liis house 
and i^nipcrty, destroyed his crops, and left liim 
in a desolate condition. He fled to Jefferson 
county, on the 'Old Purchase,' and when the 
'New Purchase" was made, he came hack to 
this valley and entered 330 acres of land in this 
township, where he lived until March 13. i85o, 
when lie died, leaving two sons and six daugh- 
ters. Edwin is still living in this township, 
where he was born in 1840, and is one of our 
most respected citizens." 

Washington township ( in which I'.ldon is 
located) is in the southeast corner of Wapello 
countv. joining Jefferson county on the east 
and Davis county on the south : it was first 
taken possession oi by the whites on the e\ent- 
ful night of April 30. 1843. at 12 o'clock. At 
I o'clock (before that) some of our citizens 
were busily engaged in blazing trees, setting 
stakes. Ijurning brush, etc., to mark the bound- 
ary lines of their claims. .Vniung these We 
may nientinn : John ]\Iael, ^Llton Wright, 
James .\cton, Reuben Myers, Anderson JMyers, 
who served ten years as justice of the peace, 
Martin Fisher, Thomas Foster. Srst treasurer 
of \\'a])ello county. E. Cummins, whose fa- 
ther was the lirst American born in the State 
of Indiana, when the French had charge of the 
Vincennes garrison, in 1777; and James H. 
Cartwright, who came to this townslii]) in 
A])ril, 1843. — he had lost a leg. and had the 
honor of being the central figure as justice of 
the peace in John IMulvany's celel^rated paint- 
ing, "The Trial of a Horse Thief in a Western 
Justice's Court," which has been valued in 

Chicago recently at $8,000. and which oc- 
cupied the "Place of Honor" in the gallery of 
the Lotus Club, in New York City. 

Soap creek flows into the Des Moines 
river at Eldon, section 34. in this township. 
The Des Moines river flows diagonally 
through this township; consec|uently half the 
land is well watered and heavily timbereil, the 
1 remainder being a fertile prairie, producing 
corn, wheat, rye, oats and grasses, with po- 
tatoes and other \-egetables and an aljundance 
of fruit. The township is underlaid w ith beds 
of bituminous coal, which is being mined in 
different places. Concretionary limestone is 
found in the bed of the Des Moines river, and 
fire clay and sand suitable for making brick are 
very plentiful. There is a fall of from eight 
; to 10 feet in the river about 100 yards west of 
I Eldon. which, with \ery little expense, could 
I be useil for water jiower to good advantage. 
The township was organized into four 
I school districts in 1844. each district being 
three miles square. The first school house was 
built in 1844 in the northwestern district. John 
H. Nicholas was the first teacher; Thomas 
Foster, director; and G. B. Savery, secretary. 
Thomas Ping was the first justice of the peace. 
James Caldwell was the first constable. The 
first lawsuit was Woody vs. Griggsliy. A 
large i)er cent, of the suits gre^v out of claim 
disputes. S. M. Wright was the first coroner 
of the county. Silas Garrison was the first 
to deli\-er a religious discourse from the Bible, 
publicly, in this township. The first postoffice 
was opened by Thomas Ping, in the fall of 



1843. riie first election took place at Ash- 
land, in October, 1843, where 50 votes were 

In consequence of the very wet season, the 
farmers were much distressed and had to go 
to Bentonsport Mills, 30 miles, to get flour. 
Reuben Myers and Enos Moore organized the 
first Sabbath-school in the first school house 
built in the township. 

.\shland. or "Old .Ashland," as it is now 
called, was once the center of commerce in 
Washington township. It was designed early 
after the influx of settlers, and promised to 
become a place of note. It was on the road 
to Agency from the south, being u])on the 
southeast quarter of section 9. Tt grew apace, 
and boasted of numerous advantages over otiter 
towns. It was surrounded by a rich agricult- 
ural region, and was settled by a good class of 
men. Thomas Ping was the owner of the plat, 
which was dated in 1845. T'l^ Methodist 
Episcopal church was organized there by Rev. 
Thomas M. Kirkpatrick, in 1843. In 1854 
the Ashland Seminary was established. It was 
under the auspices of the Methodist Episcopal 
church, and was the first school of that char- 
acter in the county. It was managed by a 
board of trustees, and Lewis Dwight. for many 
years a teacher in Greencastle College. Indiana, 
was engaged as principal. They had a good, 
substantial building of brick, 30 by 50 feet, 
and two stories high. There was a famous 
"bank, and many other metropolitan institutions. 
In 1856 the place had three stores, a steam 
mill, a hotel (kept by Thomas Ping), two 

churches (Methodist Episcopal and Meth- 
odist), two ])hysicians and a wagon and cooper 
shop. The town is now no more. Most of the 
lots are annually cultivated as farms. The 
failure to secure railroad lines killed the place. 
Eldon is situated on the north bank of the 
Des Moines River, section jj, township 71. 
range 12. Eldon owes its origin mainly to the 
old Keokuk & Des Moines Valley Railway, now 
a part of the C. R. I. & P. Railway system. \ 
flag station was located on the site of the pres- 
ent town shortly after the road was opened, 
and named "Ashland Crossing." Sub.sequentiv, 
the little place was called ■'William.sburg.""and 
a postofiice established there, with Bert. Loftus, 

I postmaster. In i86r William Riordan settled 


: on the site. an<l. with John Flynn. Timothy 
[ Ryan, Jere Keiff. and perhap.= a few others. 
[ formed the beginning of the town. William 
Flint ])ut u]) a sawmill. So the prospects of 
the place improved, and when -the Chicago, 
Rock Island & Pacific Railroad pushed its 
southwestern division to this pcnnt, the fate of 
[ the town was decided. In 1870 the town of 
! Eldon was laid out by Judge J. M. Love. Col. 
George Gillaspy, Hon. Edward Johnston, Cdl. 
I William Leighton and George Williams. The 
platting and surveying was done by O. Bald- 
win, of Keokuk, .\mong the first to settle there 
I were James Bradley. Peter Mulvany, Martin 
' Dooley, John Donohoe. W. II. Cross, Ed. 
Dibble. Patrick Russell. J. C. Xelson. and 

In 1872 Eldon was incorporate*!. The first 
officers were : D. K. Taylor, mayor ; Tolm 



Donolioc, A. L. Twing, Adam Blair, J. C. Nel- 
son and I'". X. Kopper, trustees; Ed. Dibble, 
recorder ; Peter Mulvany, treasurer. 

The Catholic, IMethodist Episcopal, Congre- 
gational and Baptist churches are well repre- 
sented in ICldon. Eldon is justly prouil of its 
public schools. 

The postoffice was established at Eldon in 
1870. E. T. Cummins was the first postmaster. 
E. T. Roland was the second incumbent of 
that ulVicc: the latter is now deputy postmaster 
under Hon. W. (j. Crow. 

The newspaper record was hard to obtain, 
but it is believed to be substantiall}- correct, as 
given : First came the Eldon Herald, estab- 
lished bv ^Ir. Morehduse. in he summer of 


Tlie effort failed aftei about three 

months" trial. Then came the Eldon Mes- 
senger, the publication of which was started 
about November i, 1875, by Mr. Messick, but 
this lasted only thruugh si.x or seven weekly 
issues. Then appeared the Eldon Times, under 
the charge of Dr. J. E. Alverson, and a good 
paper he made of it. too. a fact attested by the 
life of the little journal. In June. 1876, Tunis 
Bentlev l)ecame editor and ran the paper until 
July -Msl. when he changed the name to that 
of the H'eslern Xei^'s. In the winter of 1877- 
78 Jesse Markee bought the ofiice, but finally 
suspended the ])aper in .\pril or May, 1878. 
The Eldtin Reriezv was established in 1881 by 
E. H. Thomas, now the South Ottumwa post- 
master ; he sold out to C. E. & L. R. McKin- 
ney, in 1885. who still continue the publication. 
The Eldon Grapliie was established July 25, 
1891, by George W. Friend and M. P. Duffield. 

Mr. Friend purchased Mr. Duffield"s interest; 
in 1893, and changed the name of the paper to- 
the Eldon Eornm. The paper is prosperous 
under ^Ir. Friend's management. 

On August 18, 1850, at the town of Black' 
H.nwk, \'an Buren county, opposite lowaville^ 
Pulaski Lodge, No. 28, I. O. O. F., was es- 
tablished, with 12 members. The location re- 
mained unchanged for more than two years, 
when, in October. 1852, the lodge was taken to 
Iowa\'ille, and the name chang;d to lowaville 
Lodge, No. 28. In 1863 it suspended work, 
and so remained until Alay 26, '872, when 13 
members, viz. : W. H. Cross, J. E. Alverson,. 
B. F. Welch, T. M. Taylor, T. P. Kelley. T. 
Barnes, T. B. Allen. J. Beatty, E. T. Roland, 
D. Yeoder, J. C. Nelson. J. \\'. Nicholas and 
\V. H. Nicholas, of Alagnolia Lodge, No. 24, 
of Agency City, were granted the privilege of 
removing the lotlge to Eldon, and changing the 
name to Eldon Lodge, No. 28 The charter, 
in accordance with the above, was granted Oc- 
tober 17, 1872, and, on the 27th of December, 
of that year, the lodge was removed to Eldon. 
There is a post of the G. A. R. md a lodge of 
the A, F. & A. M. in Eldon. 

The young town has met with more than its 
proportion of losses Iw fire. 1 he first heavy 
fire occurred on the morning of November 22, 
1875. It broke out in the Valley Hotel, in a 
building used as a saloon. The Parker House 
adjoining was ne.xt to take fire. This building 
was not used as a hotel, but two of the lower 
rooms were occupied as grocery stores and 
some of the upper rooms were also used for 
various purposes. The wind changed and 



threw the Hames tmvanl tlie Ashland liuuse, 
wliich was the property of tlie C. R. I. & J'. 
Railroad, and was a very line Iniildin.i,', used as 
a depot hotel. The railroad ticlsct office and 
freight depot were the next to suffer, and were 
entirely consumed. The landlord of the .Ash- 
land House was the heaviest individual loser by 
this tire. Very little of his personal jjroperty 
was saved. The t(jtal loss hy the lire was not 
far from $10,000. The second heavy lire be- 
gan June 13, iS/Ci, in J- H. Baker & Son's 
store, which was in a building owned by Peter 
Faust. The flames were comnnuiicated to the 
buil<lin,gs on the smUliwest, occupied by Mike 
Shanahan, thence to William Huston's proper- 
ty, and thence to the Iowa Hotel, which was 
occupied by X. \\'. McKee. The total loss 
was ])robably about $9,000. with 53,500 in- 
surance. In 1891 a fire destroyed a number of 
buildings. The losses were as follows : Ritz, 
$1,000; George Earhart. $1,500; Dr. J. \V. 
La Force, $J,ooo: L. Guggerty, $3,000: De 
Ford & Croddy, $1,500; partially insured. In 
1892 the Phcenix Block was burned, with the 
following losses: .\. J. Sheffer. $3,000; H. 
C. Mason, $7,000; William Xoviock, $1,800; 
Eldon Rcz'irzi'. $1,000; millinery, etc., $500; 
two grocery stores, $1,600; partial insurance. 
In 1893 fire destroyed the Depot Hotel, kept by 
Mr. Mosely. who lost $3,000; the loss on the 
building was $2,000; partially in.sured. 

On the night of February i, 1897, the 
Bradley Bank, J. L. Foungker, cashier, was en- 
tered by burglars and the safe robbed of 
$7,000. Two of the robbers were convicted 
and sent to prison. 


The earliest records of the begiiming of 
i\gency City are related in other parts of this 
volume. The town owes its origin to Cjeneral 
Street, the Indian agent, who selected the lo- 
cality as a suitable place for the Indian agency. 
Ge!ieral Street was the tirst In^'ian agent, but 
be died in 1840, and was succeeded by his son- 
in-law. Major Beach. .\ sketch of the lives of 
these two worthy men is incorporated in this 
work. The town began in 1843, soon after 
I the "New Purchase " was opened for settle- 
, ment. The tirst store was opened by Sliaphat 
Dwire, who became the first postmaster. Rev. 
I B. A. Spanieling organized a Cfnigregational 
I church there, in 1844. Rev. Thomas M. Kirk- 
' patrick organize<l the first class in 
circles. Olive Branch Lodge, Xo. 21, .\. F. & 
.\. M., was instituted June 6. : 850; the first 
! officers were: C. I', ^'eoman. M. ; William 
1 Griffin. S. W. : S. E. Griggs. ]. W. : Luther M. 
! Davis, S. 1).; John Wiley, J. I).; James Weir. 
1 secretarv ; John Priest, treasurer; William 
Griggs, tiler. Magnolia Lodge, Xo. 24. 1. O. 
1 O. F.. was instituted October 27. 1852. Tli% 
! EncamjMnent was chartered October 21, 1874. 
Gen. E. F. Win.slow Post, No. 107. G. .\. R.. 
j was organized November 28, 1882, and the 
i following oflicers installed: Post commander, 
Capt. E. G. \\liite; S. V. C. Eugene Chilson; 
J. V. C. William J. Allen; Q. M.. J. T. Rey- 
nolds; surgeon. Dr. D. A. La Force; chaplain. 
W. H. H. Smith ; O. D.. J. Q. A. Dawson: O. 
G., E. T. .Mien; adjutant. H. B. Wagers; ser- 
geant major. T. S. Dunbar; Q. M. S., H. C. 



Humbert. General Winslow took a great in- 
terest ill this post and made \-aIuable donations 
to it. Dr. M. L. Davis is the present adjutant 
and contributed the facts relating to the history 
of the post. 

The oldest known plat of the town is 
dated Xovembcr lo, 1848. The charter t(} the 
town was granted by County Judge J. H. Flint. 
January 6, 1859. The application for incor- 
poration was signed by a committee composed 
of J. O. A. Dawson, B. B. Allen, J. T. Rowe. 
Thomas Lyon and Jose])h R. Myers. The first 
election was held in March, 1859, and the fol- 
lowing named officers were elected : ^layor, 
Jesse Brookshire; recorder, J. H. Cartwright ; 
trustees, J. 0. A. Dawson, Edward Dudley, 
Samuel Packwood, M. Hixon. E. D. Black; 
marshal, E. F. Hoffstatter; treasurer, J. S. 
W'heaton. • The mayors since that time have 
been Gideon Myers, R. Banks. J. T. Rowe, J. 
Q. A. Dawson, Joseph Myers, E. G. White, X. 
,\. \\'oodford, Eli Allen, William Shadford, 
W. D. Horton, Robinson Myers, A. Rol)erts, 
A. L. Chamberlin, H. C. Humbert and J. F. 
Xewell. The fcilU.Jwing have lieen the post- 
masters since Dwire: Joseph Myers, Dr. 
Johnson, H. B. Wagers, who ser\-ed fourteen 
years, E. T. Sage, J. T. Reynolds, John Fullen 
and George L. Nye, who holds the office at 

Among those most prominent as citizens of 
Agency City and Agency townsliip, there were 
Edward and Charles Dudley, Walter Connelly, 
Hugh Connelly, John Fullen, J. S. \Mieaton, 
H. C. Humbert, Maj. S. K. Creamer, H. C. 

Van Zant, ^lajor Beach. Thomas \\'ilcoxson, 
John O. A. Dawson. Jolm I^hilli])s, George L. 
Nye, David Farnswortth, X. A. Woodford, 
Charles Connelly, James Stevens, J. M. Mur- 
ray, David Sautbine and (ieorge Reynolds and 
his sons, J. T., W. C. and W. II. The most 
prominent citizen of Agency, who lias made a 
mark in civil life, was Hon. Charles Dudley, 
who was born near Bangor, ]VIaine, September 
16, 18] 3. and died at Agency City, .-Vugust 25, 
1880. Mr. Dudlex' came to the count v in 
1844. He re])resented Wapello county in the 
I lib. ] Jib and 13th general assemblies: was 
temporary speaker of the 12th assembly: 
chairman of the claims committee of the 12th 
and i3tli. and was a member of the ways and 
means committee. Fie guarded the State treas- 
ury so closely that he was given the name of 
"Economy" Dudley. In 1871 he was appoint- 
ed a member of the board of capitol commis- 
sioners, charged with the duty of erecting the 
new state house, involving an e;;penditure of a 
million and a half of dollars. In each public 
position he served with ability and rugged in- 
tegrity. ]\Ir. Dudley was a man of more th:m 
ordinary force of character and was honored 
and respected by men of all political parties. 
He was a leading member of the Free Will 
Baptist church and contributed liberally of his 
means to church purposes. 

It is a fact not generally known, that the 
buildings and improvements of the old Indian 
agency were made through the aid of sla\e 
labor. The contractor was a Missourian, who 
owned a large number of slaves and he brought 

WAPLLLO COUNTY SCENERY-Eetween Sugar Creek and Agency City. 

A riKinncI is cut by the waier. several inches djjp. in th:; sjli.l r.>rk. 
elapsed since the rushing rivulet beyan ii< wmk 

II i.^ an intjr..-!^iini: probL-ni lu catrnl:!!^* how in.iii.v years have 



them into the Territory of Iowa and Iicld tlicm 
lierc to service and laljor, durint;- tlic erection of 
the agency buildings. 

At Agency City, in llie I'ullcn Grove, is 
held the annual nieeling of old settlers. Those 
who have gathered there in the past will not 
forget John Fullen, owner of the grove, who 
always took such an interest in these reunions. 
He was a good citizen in all the word implies. 

The tirst newspaper published at .\gencv 
City was the Xczi'sboy. by William Axline, in 
1869, which paper was discontinue',!. 'J'lie 
next paper was the Independent, by C. L. More- 
house: in 1875 the pajjcr was managed by W. 
F. Moeller. On February 14. 1878, Charles J. 
Best became i)roprietor. During the time ^Ir. 
Best was publisher he published Major Beach's 
narrations, and if he had done no iriore than 
this he is entitled tn the gratitude of the people 
u\ W'apelhj countx' for his tlioughtfulness and 
enterprise. The paper is no longer published. 


J. p. Eddy, of Warren county, Ohio, was 
the first settler on the site of the present Eddy- 
villc: he was an Indian trader and opened a 
store in 1841, and sold scalping knives, sad- 
dles, calico, beads, coffee, sugar and other 
articles to the Sac and Fo.x Indians, who were 
located on the Des Moines river. Hard Fish 
was chief of the band that was located near 
Eddy's trading point. Mr. Eddy had a grant 
from the government to C40 actes of land, and 
he laid off 160 acres of it into a town plat, and 
called it Eddvville. It lies in the corner of 

Wapello, Monroe and Mahaska counties. Mr. 
Eddy remained there until 1844, when he re- 
moved to St. Louis. He was the first p(jst- 
' master of the town. Mr. Edd> built a school 
house and donated it to the t(jwn that bears his 
name. I le converted his Indian trading house 
into a store for white settlers, but sold out the 
stock to E. D. Fish. Richard Butcher was a 
clerk for Mr. Eddy in the trading house days, 
and afterward established a store of his own 
in connection witli William Co.x, the firm name 
being Butcher & Cox. The first commissioners 
to represent the C(nmty were elected .\ugust 18, 
1844; they were James M. Montgomery, 
Lewis F. Temple and Charles F. Harrow. J. 
H. Benedict came to the locality in 1843; he 
built a sawmill and was elected justice of the 
peace. He joined in marriage tne first couple, 
— James Wilson and Catharine Steele. In 
1847 the town had increased to 20 families, and 
Benedict built a gristmill, in connection with 
his sawmill. .Among those who liad settled 
there were J. T. Wiley, Nicholas Scribner. 
Walter Clement, the .surveyor, William Dun- 
lap, B. H. Palmer, David Cam])lM;ll. Robert 
.\kins. James .\mos, Richard Butcher, \^r. 
Fish, Milton Fish. W. T. Caldwell, Dr. \i)slcr. 
Dr. Ross, Homer D. Ives. William Cox. Mar- 
tin Tucker, John B. Gray, Jo.scph Roberts and 
R. W. Boyd. 

Martin Tucker opened the first hotel in an 
abandoned Indian wigwam; this was al)out 
1843 or 1844. The first ])hysicians were Dr. 
Ross, in 1843; Dr. Fish, in 1845: and Dr. 
James Nosier, in 1846. The first blacksmith- 
ing work was done by J. W. Caldwell and J. 



T. Wiley. In 1S43 '' sleanilioat jjassed by on 
the way to I'^ort Des Moines, witli soldiers for 
the i)()St. .\. J. Da\-is ran a tlatljuat to St. 
Louis in 1847, ^'i*^! ''i '■^49 another flatboat 
"sailed" for St. Louis under the command of 
Captain Carnes. In 1855 15. H. Palmer 
equipped the "Ben lUister," a sloop-rigged ves- 
sel, with sails, laden with [jroduce, and made 
the trip to St. Louis and returned a-fter many 
days, '{"he lirst child was born to Mr. and Mrs. 
J. W. Caldwell : it was a son, named George. 
Walter Clement was the lirst school teacher 
and surveyor. 

John M. Fish was the pioneer in the lumber 
business, in i860; he must have prospered, for 
he started 'the tirst bank in Edtlyvdle three years 
later. Joseph Perr}- made wagons as early as 
1853. There was a pottery conducted by J. M. 
McXamee in 1847, which existed until 185 1. 
There was a Avoolen mill in 185^, conducted by 
James Brad\- ; the motive ])ower was oxen, on 
an inclined wheel. The lirst toll bridge was 
built in 1855-56, at a cost of $30,000, by a 
company consisting of Dr. Nosier, S. A. 
Welch, Elijah Ouillen, II. H. Wilbams. J. T. 
Wiley, Josei^h Roberts, .Sr., and Mary Ives. 

The Eddy\-ille Mutual Institute was or- 
ganized in 1849, with such men:bers as Homer 
D. Ives, Rev. Hitchcock, Dr. Fish, R. W. 
Boyd, W. H. Dunlap, Walter Clement, H. H. 
Williams, \\". ]\1. .\Ilison, Robert Coles and 
W. H. Cross. The first town election was held 
on Monday, May i, 1857. The following offi- 
cers were elected: Mayor, Dr. F. H. Buck; 
recorder, E. L. Smith ; treasurer, F. R. Man- 
ning; marshal, Benjamin S. Slemmous. 

Mr. Eddy built the first church edifice, 
which was free to all denominations. The 
Methodists built in 1848, and erected a brick 
church in 1862. Rev. B. A. Spaulding, one of 
the "Iowa Band," came in 1844 as a missionary 
of the Congregational denf>mination ; he labored 
until 1849, when he was relieved by I'iev. 
Hitchcock. Rev. J. (i. Schafer, a Lutheran 
minister, began his lalwirs in 1844, and in 
1855 the society erected a building. The Bap- 
tists were organized under Rev. Moses H. 
Post, but in 1846 or 1847 '^^ ^^'^"t to Pella, 
where he died. Rev. Post was a fair example 
of the missionary spirit oi the Baptists ; prior 
to the time lie came to Eddyville, he was a 
pioneer prer.chcr in Davis county. The Cath- 
olics established a church at Eildyville, through 
the efforts of Father John Kreckcl ; the first 
priest was Father Feely. 

The I. O. O. F. Lodge was chartered July 
5, 1850, its members then being John Cline, 
Dr. Warner, Dr. Buck, William H. Dunlap 
and AValter H. Cross. The charter and all the 
records were burned December 6, 1873, and 
in October, 1874, a new charter was granted. 
Eddyville Lodge, No. 74. A. F. & A. M., was 
organized June 5, 1856, the charter members 
being William Thompson, W. M. ; Thomas 
Ogden, D. \N'. Corwin, Henry Graves and 
James Sherrod. The charter was burned De- 
cember 6, 1873, and renewed soon after. John 
W'ilcox Post, No. 138, G. A. R., was organized 
February 13, 1883, with the following charter 
members : F. M. Epperson, .\. M. Laft'erty, J. 
C. Logan, R. M. \'oung, W. A. Edwards, 
Hiram ]\lcKim, D. H. Hudso-.. Silas Chase, 



William AllisDii, \\'. A. Y(irk. William Spen- 
cer, H. C. Beamer, I'. Iv. Harnett, J. I'. Tutinan, 
W. L. Palmer, J. M. Ryan, E. (i. Wellman, O. 
H. Vance, Samuel Stuart. J. P). Mummcrt, Xa- 
thanicl Totman, Jnhn Kirkpatrick, II. M. 
Sparks, H. G. 'I'ruc. John Jailer. J. M. Welch. 

The public school records were destroyed 
hy fire prior to 1873. Walter Clement had 
taught a school at an carl\- date ; it is on record, 
iio\ve\er, that on August 2^. 1858, a school 
meeting- was held. Peter Knox. T. C. Ogden 
and Daniel Zollars were prese'U. In 1867 a 
school house was built at a cost of $i8,ooo. 
Eddyville has always maintained public schools 
in line with the march of progress. 

J. W. Xorris established the first newspa- 
per, the J-rcc Press, August u, 1853: it was 
neutral in politics; upon Mr. Norris' retire- 
ment, he was succeeded by J. V. Meeker. Ben- 
jamin H. Palmer then liecamc |)roprietor, with 
William H. Allison as editor. The paper was 
then called tiie Comiucrchil. Ri)bert McGone- 
gal leased the office, and continued the puljli- 
cation of the Coimitcirial for a time; it was 
disconthnied after three years of life. J. T. 
Cooke then started the Observer, but it soon 
ceased to exist. Mclick & O'Connell started 
the Stiir. published it about tliree years, and 
sold it to Charles Sherman: it was (lisc(mtin- 
ued. In 1868 Melick & Bitner started the In- 
dependent, but it soon suspended; the material 
was sold to a Mr. Straight, who started the 
Dcs Moines J'alley Gazette. Maj. John Wil- 
co.x bought an interest, and Mr. Straight re- 
tired ; Major Wilcox conducted the pai)er until 
1872, when it was discontinued. In I'eliruary, 

1869, William L. Palmer, son of Benjamin II., 
established the Advertiser, a Republican jiaper. 
In June, 1865 W. A. Fast and J. T. Siierman 
began the i)ublication of ih^Advance. a Demo- 
cratic organ ; it was changed into a (jreenback 
paper, .Mr. Fast retired and .\. Cross became 
identified with the paper until the office was 
destroyed by fire in November, 1873. The 
Eddyville Tribnne became the successor of all 
these p\iblications; it is now in its fifteenth 
year and is published by W. W. DeLong. the 
])ostniaster. There have been so many changes 
in the newspapers that it has been very dillficult 
to obtain accurate information. It is believed 
that the above statement is substantially cor- 

Eddyville has been i)lcsse(l with men who 
have been enterprising enough to do all that 
seemed necessary for public uses and to supply 
public demands. Mills were erected at an early 
day, for grinding corn and afterward, wheat. 
The Riggs, father and son, have been engaged 
in the milling business since 1865 : in 1867 Ji^hn 
M. I-'ish, Robert Cooper and (k'orge Bliss & 
Company built the Star Mills, at a cost of $29,- 
000. I^Ianning & Caldwell were tho pn)pi^- 
etors of a pork packing house, in i8.'')3. which 
was operated until 1875. B. Walz started a 
brewery in i8h8. biu it no longer exists. 

Three fires of considerable magnitude have 
atllictcd Eddyville. The first occurred in 1866, 
ilestroying the dcix>t buildings Pud tw(j freight 
warehouses, involving a loss of $30,000. On 
December 6, 1873, fire destroyefl the store of 
Fish & Dunlap, the store of Dunlap & Com- 
pany, store of S. T. Caldwell, Chaml)crlin's 



store, and the house of Roberts Brotliers. The 
depot of the C. R. I. & P. Railroad was de- 
stroyed in 1875. Other fires of more or less 
importance have occurred since. Tlie fire 
wliicli destroyed tlie stores of Planning «S; Ep- 
person and of D. H. Harper and Mr. Kibley's 
bakery, took place April 4, 1888. The bridge 
over the Des Moines Ri\er was erected by the 
Seevers Manufacturing Company, of Oska- 
loosa, in 1887. Samuel T. Caldwell died .\u- 
gnst 25, 1878. The fiood of 185 1, in the month 
of May. is memorable in the annals of Eddy- 
ville and all the country adjacent to the river. 
]t is said tiiat the water rose t'.> the height of 
35 feet above low water mark, Eddyville was 
almost entirely sulimerged and the people 
sought safety on the bluffs and in the upper 
story of a mill. ]n 1801 Johnson, a Virgin- 
ian, stabbed and killed Vance: it was the re- 
sult (.)f a dispute as to the cause of the Civil 
\\'ar. Johnson was acquitted : he was found 
dead, two years afterward, by the road side, 
about 10 miles south of (^ttumwa. There was 
another murder committed in 1862, growing 
out of war troubles. Harding shot and killed 
J<_)hn Powell, a Kentuckian. Harding was ar- 
rested, but escaped and entered the Union- 
army, where he attained the rank of captain. 
In the autumn of 1862 a Mrs. Craven shot and 
killed James Hum|)hrey. The woman escaped 
by what was regarded as perjury on the part of 
a witness, and was not even indicted. 


Kirkville is in Richland township, one of 
the first organized ( in 1844) in the county, and 

is a rich agricultural region. The first re- 
ligious society organized was the Methodist 
church by Rev. Thomas M. Kirkpatrick, in 
1844; the first church ])uilding was erected in 
1852: the next was dedicated in 1870. Kirk- 
ville became prosperous during the period that 
the coal mines were operated in that vicinity, 
and at one time contained a population of 500 ; 
the mines, howe\er. were al)andoned and the 
I town consequently decreased in population, but 
it will always be a local business center, sit- 
uated as it is in a fertile region, where the 
farmers are all prosperous. The present pop- 
ulation is 402. 


The town of Dahlonega is in the township 
of the same name; it originated soon after the 
count}- was oi)ened for settlement, in 1843, '"^'l 
became quite a business center, claiming at 
one time a poi)ulation of about 300, with three 
stores, a tavern and two small pork packing 
houses. Dahlonega at one time aspired to be 
the county seat, and ])etitions were circulated 
to effect that purpose, but Ottumwa held the 
position that nature designed it to hold, and 
Dahlonega languished. It is now but a hamlet, 
but it is in the midst of a rich agricultural 
region, inhabited by thrifty farmers. It was 
the seat of the famous "Dahlonega Disturb- 
ance." which is mentioned elsewhere. 


This town is in Cass township, on the Des 
Moines river, and is connected with the busi- 
ness world bv the C. B. & O. Railroad. In 



Februarv. JS45. A. J. Wicker located on Avery 
creek, and in 1X49 laid out Cliillicotlie. Tlie 
first Ikhisc was Iniilt for Rc\ . A. J. Pierce, a 
Aletliodist minister. .\ir. \\ icUer was a Meth- 
odist and gave all his intluence in favor of that 
denomination, which has always been strong 
in that vicinity. The region was tlien a part of 
the White Breast Mission, which extended 
from Knoxville to, but not including the teri- 
tor\' now eml)raced in Souih Otlumwa. The 
first religious ser\iccs hcKl in the vicinitx' of 
Chillicothe were conducted by Rev. James I*". 
New. Revs. William W. Knight and M. II. 
Hare were among the early preachers. Rev. 
A\'. A. Nye was a local preacher of the same 
denomination. He was also a merchant in 
Chillicothe. and was elected treasurer of W'a- 
l^ello county. A. J. Wicker became the first 
postmaster in 1849. The first .store estab- 
lished was by Peter 'N'oung. .\ftcrward W. A. 
Nye & Son opened a general store. The Odd 
I'^ellows instituted Chillicothe Lodge, No. 115, 
in 1857. The first officers were: 1). Hen- 
shaw. N. (i.; N. W. \h>\u\. \. {].: C. W. 
Dick.son, secretary; J. 11. (iriffith. treasurer. 
Jacob Myers, J. M. and J. I^. 1! j11 were prom- 
inent in the lodge as active members in later 


Blakesbnrg is 14 miles t'nim Dltuniwa, in 
Adams township, and is the center of one of 
the richest agricultural regions in southern 
Iowa; it is also well located, in that it is near 
the corner lines of the four counties, Wapello, 
Monroe, Davis and .\ppanoosc : it is on Wa- 

pello county S(»il, but the people of four coun- 
ties have a deep interest in it, because it is the 
town where they sell their stock and produce, 
where they purchase their supplies, where the 
merchants know them as well as though they 
lived next door to them. They have been 
trading in Ulakesburg for many years, and the 
more they trade the better are they pleased 
and satisfied with Blakesbnrg business men. 
The Chicago, Milwaukee & St. I'aul Railway 
passes through the town and o.nnects it with 
the great business centers. .Among the first 
settlers was the venerable Daniel Carl, who 
located there in 1847, before there was any 
tcjwn or thought of a town. Mr. Carl says- 
that the town was laid out in 1852 by The- 
ophilus Blake and Cyrus \'an Cleve; the first, 
merchants were Butcher & \'an Cleve. and then, 
came Leighton & Warden. The Leighton men- 
tioned was the father of .\. C. Leighton, of 
Ottumwa, and the Warden was the venerable 

j Dr. C. C. Warden, also of Ottumwa. Mr. Carl 
was justice ^>i the peace in Adams township 

' thirty-four years. Judge Hendershott often 
said that Mr. Carl was the best justice in the 
county, .\nother good old citizen, Capt. €. G. 
I'lnney, who located in the vicinity in 1854, 
lives only about a mile and a hrdf from town, 
but he is in Momoe county: he and the Hursts 
and Sam Swiggett were Marylauders, and were 
relatives. Captain I'inney has had a career of 
adventure; he was an early California argo- 

I naut, but for many years he live<l quietly 
and in ])eace on his excellent farm. lie built 
the first brick house in Blakesbnrg, and it was 

, built so well that it is now occu])icd by the 



Blakeslnirg Hank, uliicli, hy the way, is one 
of the solid iiislilutions of tlie county. BiaKes- ; 
hnrg is so well located that there will never be ' 
another town attempted near it: it is growing 
now. not rapidly, bnt steadily, and some of the , 
))uildings would he creditable to any city in | 
ihe state ; there are several residences that dis- 
play excellent taste and architectural beauty. | 
The business houses are commodious and well 
,supplie<l with all that the county demands. 
Among other enter|)rising citizens ma_\- be men- 

tioned the I'ritz Brothers, Dr. C. N. Udell, 
b'rank 1 lardy, son of Capt;iin 1 lardy, the Tins- 
leys, David Jay. William Day and S. L. Co- 
hagan. George Upp. who became a famous 
portrait painter, was raised in the township; 
also Thomas M. I pi'. who is now a New York 
journalist. Allen Johnston, the distinguished 
inventor, whose devices for cutlery work are 
used all over America and in Europe as well, 
was raised in Adams township. 

WAPELLO COUNTY SCENERY-Betweeii Sugar Creek aiul Agcucy Cuy 

Above the mouth of the cave is the well ileftncd liuuru of .1 fashionabi 

occasionally (lisniipcars, lo be auaiii raiiulit by itie vision in a rt^-niar 


Irissfd woman, foniifd by the rock ami fuliaite. 
manner. It is in tliis sense a l*i\rrlv Picture. 

The tiicure 



iMroKT.WT Events, Wokthv uf Kecokd, Chkoniclhd — Laving ok thk Coknkk Stonk 
OF THE Carnegie Library Buieding — Record of the Deaths of Prominent 
Citizens of the County — Destkictive Fires — Notable Crimes and Theik 

Gas was inlnxluced in Ottuinwa in 1870 
by A. \i. Swift & Coinpanv: they sold tlicir 
franchise to tlie Ottnnnva Gas LiglU Company. 
— A. E. Swift was president and W. 11. 
Whitla. secretary and treasurer. In ICS75 the 
franchise and plant were transferred, and E. 
Tillottson was [iresident : J. R. Murdnck. vice- 
president ; and Dwight Bannister, secretary 
and treasurer. On February u, 1878, Mr. 
Bannister became president and acting secre- 
tary and treasurer ; J. R. ]\Iurdock, vice-presi- 
dent. On January 1, 1899. the franchise and 
plant were sold to Dows & Company, the pres- 
ent owners. 

Board of trade organized in Ottnnnva jrui- 
uary 13, 1881 ; T. D. Foster, president. 

The wagon bridge over the Des Moines 
river at Ottumwa swept away by flood March 
26, 1881. 

Report of board of trade committee on 
Briscoe's Bear Creek gold mine : Assayer's 

report, — "Gold, none; silver, none." Ihe 
committee was O. M. Ladd. J. (i. Meek. S. H. 
Harper. January 7, i88_'. 

John Scott, on .\ugust 18, 1883, fell from 
the lop of the Sa.\ building in Ottumwa, cor- 

\ ner of I\Liin and Green streets. 68 feet, and no 

t bones were broken; he recovered entirely. 

I The new opera house was erected in 1890- 

! 91, at a cost cf $50,000: $5,000 of this amount 
was contributed by citizens. The remaimJcr, 

. or $45,000. was furnished by members of the 
Opera House Comi)any. named as follows: 

I J. H. Merrill, Samuel Mahon, A. C. Leighton, 
W. R. Damn, J. \\'. Garner, Charles Bigham 
and J. W. and J. C. Jordan. The opera house 
lias all the mcKlern improvements. It WcTs 

, built by tlie enterprise and public spirit of 
members of the com|)any, names appear. 
and is creditable to the originators and pro- 

The new court house, a stately structure. 



70 by 90 feet, four stories in height, was dedi- 
cated witii appropriate ceremonies May 17, 
1894. Tiie corner stone was laid September 
28, 1892. The offices were lirst occupied 
March 13, 1894. Tlie cost of the building 
was $140,000. Capt. W; H. C. Jaques pre- 
sided at the dedication and made a speech. 
IJons. II. j;. liendersholt and I-:. 11. Stiles 
delivered adtlresses. 

In July, 1S96, Charles A. Walsh, of Ot- 
tuniwa. was elected secretary of the Demo- 
cratic national committee, and, after serving- 
four vears, was re-elected in 1900 for the term 
<;f four years. 

The most recent old settlers' reunion was 
lield at FuUen's Grove, Agency City, on Wed- 
riesday, September iS. 1901. An address of 
welcome was delivered by ]\lay<]r Humbert, of 
y\gcncv City ; this was responded to by Capt. 
S. 11. Harper, president of the association. 
W. A. Wnrk delivered the principal address. 
There were short addresses also made bv ]. R. 

Burgess, A. Cain, Uc^ 

Simmons, W. A. 

Mclntirc, J. ('■. Meek anil Capt. S. P.. Evans. 
Captain Harper declined re-election, and the 
following olVicers were chosen : President, Ja- 
cob Lowenberg: \ice-presidcnt, David Jay: 
secretary, W. H. II. .\sbury : treasurer, .\. H. 
Hamilton; hist(jrian, J. L. 1 1 armon ; ■execu- 
tive committee, George I,. Xye, \\'. A. Mc- 
Intire, David Jay, .S. 11. Ilar])cr, I'llijah John- 
son. The townshi|) vice-i)residents are as fol- 
lows: Agency, J. I-". Xcwell : Highland, 
George \V. Buckner : Pleasant, Samuel Mc- 
Clurg: Cass. John Swope: .Adams, John Heck- 
art; Keokuk, John McMillan: Richland. J. X. 

Barker; Competine, George W. Dickins: 
Dahlonega, John Giltner; Center, Capt. S. B. 
Evans; \\'ashington, L. F. Newell; Columbia, 
.'vbraham Stuber; Green, Samuel Randall. 

AlcKinley memorial services were held at 
Trinity Episcopal church September 19, 1901, 
where Mayor Pickler delivered a short ad- 
dress, which was followed by a sermon by the 
rector, Rev. J. Hollister Lynch. Requiem 
mass was celebrated by Rev. Father J. OT'^ar- 
rell, of St. Patrick's church, assisted by Rev. 
Father Henry Manniett, of the Sacred Heart 
church, and Rev. Father James McGillin, as- 
sistant priest of St. Mary's. Union memorial 
services were held at the opera house at 2 i^o 
r. M., where the following program was 
carried out : Scripture reading by Rev. J. 
Hollister Lynch; prayer by Rev. Gunberg: ad- 
dresses by Capt. J. G. Hutchison, Rev. Father 
J. O'Farrell, Capt. S. B. Evans, Hon. A. M. 
Roberts. The opera house was crowded to 
its utmost capacity. There was appropriate 
music. The benediction was pronounced by 
Rev. F. F. Stoltz, pastor of the First Presby- 
terian church. 

Rev. F. F. Stoltz was furmally installed as 

pastor of the First Presbyterian church, of Oi- 

tumwa, on Sunday, September 22, 190 1. Rev. 

! Dr. F. ^\'. llinitt preached the sermon and 

conducted the ceremonies. Rev. Dr. J. M. 

McElroy, of Ottumwa, delivered the charge 

to the new pastor: Rev. H. B. Knight deliv- 

j ered the charge to the members of the "church. 

I Prayer was offered by Rev. D. A. ^Murray. 

"Sir. AlcElroy was the first pastor of the church 

and still lives in Ottumwa. ]\Ir. Knight was 



the second pastor, ;ui(l is now cnnneclcil witli 
tlic I'resbyterian College at Fairlielil. Iowa. 
Dr. Ely, now of Des Mnines, was tlic liiird 
pastor. Dr. Hinitt was the fourth pastor, and 
is now president of Parsons College at Fair- 


The fullow iug acciiunt of the la\ing of the 
corner slime nf the Carnegie Lihr.iry huilding 
in Ottumwa is from the Ottuiin<.'a Paily Ih-iiio- 
■crat of September >\. looi. In this acc(5unt 
is a complete history of the huilding, its incep- 
tion, the names of the trustees and other mat- 
ters of interest concerning this important event 
in the history of the county: 

Not more than loo persons witnessed the 
laying of the corner stone of the Carnegie 
Library building to-day. The audience con- 
sisted of the members of the board of trustees, 
the workmen employed on the building, a few 
semi-interested citizens and two rei)resentatives 
of the city press. There were no ceremonies 
of any sort. 

The stone harl been placed almost in posi- 
tion earlier in the day by the workmen, and 
when the board members expressed readiness 
for the work to pnxreed Superintendent W. L. 
Wilson signaled for the engineer to "bring 
about the boom," and the luammoth arm 
swung to a position directly over the stone. 
The block and tackle was lowered, the "tongs" 
were fitted to the stone and the engineer was 
^iven a signal to "hoist away." The stone 

was raised a few inches, the bricks were taken 
fmm beneath it, and .\. M. Kay, of Kansas 
City, one ui ilic masons employed on the budd- 
ing, spread the mortar. Then the stone was 
lowered again under the direction of Superin- 
tendent Wilson. This was at 10:34 o'clock, 

' and three minutes later it h;i(l been "trued" 
and the stone was pronounced by Superintend- 

i cuts Wilson and Withall as "laid." The 
faces of the stone presenteil to view are each 

1 two feet and four inches long by 15)/^ inches 
in thickness, and they bear the simple figures 

The tin box, which the stone is to cf>n- 
tain. was officially clo.sed by President J. T. 
Hackworth at 10:21 o'clock, and later it was 
taken to a tinner by Superintendent George 
Withall and hermetically sealed. Its content.^ 
are: .\ copy of the Ottiinnca Daily Democrat 
and sup])lemental portraits of the late Presi- 
dent William McKinley and Mrs. McKinley; 
copies of the Ottititnca Daily and ll'rclcly 
Courier, Ottuiim'a Journal. Ottumwa Satur- 
day Xcws. Ottiimiea Indcpciutcut. Saturday 
Herald; library ordinance passed by the city 
council : copy of Mr. Carnegie's letter, agree- 
ing to donate $50,CK)0: several coins of the fol- 
lowing denominations and dates — dollar, 
i8of); half-dollar, 1900: quarter, 1899: dime, 

I 1900; nickel. 1900: penny, 1901: Coal Palace 
coin, 1901 ; Columbian building medal. \\'orld's 
Fair, i^t).^: a marked Master Mason's penny; 

j and the following history of the library, pre- 
pared by S. P. Ilartman : 

"On December 25, 1899, Robert H. >roi>re 
wrote .\ndrew Carnegie, New York, asking if 



he would not include Ottuiuwa. Iowa, in the 
hst t)f cities to which money would be donated 
for a public library building. On January 6, 
J 900, Mr. Carnegie made reply, a.sking if the 
city would provide an annual inc<Mne of $5,000 
for maintenance if he wi-uld make a donation 
of $50,000 for the building, to which Mr. 
Moore replied, expressing Ottumwa's willing- 
ness to comply with the conditions. On Jan- 
uary i.v 1900. Mr. Carnegie replied, saying 
l.e would donate $50,000 for the erection of a 
library building in Ottuniwa, Iowa. 

"On May 16, 1900, a public meeting was 
held, at which time a request was formulated 
and sent to the city council. On May 21, 
1900, a resolution calling for a s])ecial election, 
])nivi(ling for the maintenance of a public li- 
brarv by ta.xation. was referred to the city 
council. Ori June 4, 1900, the city council 
adopted a resolution calling a .special election 
to be held June 19, 1900. lilect ion held. The 
rei)ort of election showed the liljrary proposi- 
tion to have carried by a majority of 240 
votes. On July 2, J900, an ordinance, pro- 
\ iding ffir the establishment and maintenance 
of a public librarv. was introduced in the coun- 

"On July 20. 1900, Judge luchelberger de- 
clared the election held June 19, 1900, illegal 
on technical grounds. August 6, 1900, the 
citizens, bx- ])etition. asked the council to call 
another election. On September 3, 1900, the 
city council adopted a resolution ordering a 
special election to be held September 24, 1900, 
for the establishment and maintenance of a 
public library in the city of Ottumwa, Iowa. 

On October 1, 1900,. full returns from the 
special election were canvassed by the city 
council, and the library proposition was shown 
to ha\e carried by a majority of 534 \-otes. 

■■Octol)er I, 1900, the major named J. T. 
Hackworth. W. A. Mclntire, C. M. Myers, 
F. W. Simmons, George W'ithall, C. 1'. Brown, 
D. E. Chisman, J. J. Smith and S. P. Hart- 
man as a board of library trustees. The nom- 
inaticjus were coulirmed by the council. 

"On October 3. 1900, the library trustees 
met at the city hall for the purpose of organiz- 
ing. The oath of office was administered by 
Zvlavor T. J. Phillips. Permanent organiza- 
tion was effected by the election of J. T. Hack- 
worth as president and .S. P. Hartman as sec- 
retary. Andrew Carnegie, being furnished 
with a com])lete copy of the vari(jus proceed- 
ings, replied January 3, 1901. that he had in- 
structed his cashier to honor the draft of the 
proper persons to the extent of $50,000, which 
sum should be used for the construction of a 
library building. 

"Crounds for the building were purchased 
from the estate of William Daggett, deceased, 
for the sum of $7,000, and architects were in- 
\'ited to submit plans and specifications for a 
suitable library building. The drawing sub- 
mitted l)y Architects Smith & Gutterson. of 
Des Moines, Iowa, was accepted ?\Iarch 15, 
1901. Contract for the construction of the 
building was let to P.artlelt & Kling, of Keo- 
kuk, Iowa, ]\Iay 15, 1901, and the contract for 
the plumbing and heating was let to the firm 
of Wise & Thompson, of Ottumwa, Iowa, on 
the same date. 



"Geortjc Witlinll. of Ottunnva. Ii)\\a, was 
supcriiUeiiilciiI. ic])rcs(.'nlin<;' the Ixiard of trus- 
tees. W. L. Wilson, of Cliicago, Illinois, was 
sii])crinten(lent of construction, represcntini^ 
I'artlctt & Kling, of Keokuk. Iowa. 

"Tlie corner stone of the building was laid 
September 21, i()Oi. 

■•Signed: J. T. Hackuorlli. S. V. Hart- 
man. F. W. Simmons. W. .\. Mclntirc. IX V.. 
Cliisman. ('. M. Myers, George Witliall. J. j. 
Smith and C. 1'. I'.rown. (Last two by S. P. 
llartnian. secretary.)" 

ZKN'S OF Till-: COfNTV. 

W. A. Jordan, founder r>f the mercantile 
house of W. .\. Jordan's Sons, at Ottumwa, 
died May _'^. 1S73, aged fifty-three years. He 
came here in 1868. Mr. Jordan was a man of 
great business ability, and possessed, as well, 
of wide information on general subjects. He 
was well versed in the laws i)ertaining to busi- 
ness, and had a general knowledge of legal 
jjrinciples. which he ac(jnircd during a suc- 
cessful business life. 

Col. George Gillaspy died Jaiuiary 30, 
1875 : he was born in Kentucky, July 15, 1814. 

W. H. Resor, ex-mayor of Ottimiwa. died 
January 27, 1880. James Hawlcy, Jr.. died 
April 20, 1880. 

Nathaniel Dell died February i. 1881. 
Paul Caster, magnetic healer, died .\])ril 18, 
1881. Joseph Hayne died July 25, 1881. Dr. 
J. L. Taylor died July 30. 1881. Dr. James 
Nosier die<l at Eddyville. .\ugust iT), i88r. 

J. W. .Xorris, at one time cdil'ir of the ()l- 
liiin'i^'ii Courier, dieil .March 3, 1882. 

Simon Chaney, at one time sheriff, died 
June 12. 1883. in the fiftieth year of his age. 

Gen. John .M. Iledrick, who died October 
3. 1886, was born in Rush county, Indiana, 
December i(>. 1S31. 1 U- distinguished him- 
self in the Civil War as colonel of the 13th 
Regiment, Iowa X'olunteer Infantrv. was 
woinided severely at Shiloh, and again on the 
2(1 of July. 1863, before Atlanta. He was 
breveted brigadier general for his gallant rv in 
the field. .\t the close of the war he returned 
home and was made postmaster of CJttumwa 
and, afterward, sui)ervisor of internal revenue. 
He was also one of the editors and pro])rietors 
of the Oltunii^ii Courier for a time. General 
Iledrick inaugurated street railroads in Ot- 
tumwa. and was always prominent in public 
enterprises. He was very prominent in the 
movement that secured the C. M. & St. P. 
Railway for Ottunnva. His death resulted 
from paralysis, superinducetl by wounds re- 
ceived in battle. 

Thomas J. Potter, vice-president of the 
Union I'acitic Railroad, died at the city of 
I Washington, I). C. March 9. 1888. He was 
born in Carroll county, Ohio, August 16, 1840; 
his parents were John and Nancy Potter, who 
became residents of Ottumwa. and here lie 
.>|)ent .several years of his life. He was finally 
employed as station agent on the line of the 
Chicago. Piurlington & Ouincy Railroad at 
.\lbia, Iowa, and from that position his rise 
was rapid, as well as deserving. He was at 
length ma<le general manager of the Burling- 



ton system, with lieadquarters at Chicago, a 
position he resigned to assume tlie place of 
xice-president and general manager of tlie 
Union Pacific. It was under his administra- 
tion of the affairs of tlie Burlington road that 
it became one of the great systems of the 
country ; it w as under his policy, too, that the 
officials of the road took such personal interest 
in the towns and cities reached hy that system 
as to give that corporation great influence and 
popularity among the people. This policy 
survives and is manifested among all the offi- 
cials of the road who come in contact with the 

J. W. Di.xon, who represented Wapello 
county two terms in the Iowa legislature, and 
was secretary of the Stale .Senate, and a prom- 
inent law\er, died January i, 1889. 

John Gurlev Baker died at Ottumwa Jan- 
uary 17, 1890, aged .seventy-five years. Mar- 
tin Dickens died in Competine township March 
I, 1890, aged seventy-eight years. John W. 
Hedrick died July 4, 1890; he served as a 
member of the general assembly from \\'apello 

P. Ci. Ballingall died at sea, oft' the coast 
of China, while on a tour around the worlil, 
on March 7, 1891 ; his Ijody was taken to 
Hong Kong and buried temporarily, Init the 
remains were finally brought to Ottumwa and 
buried in the cemetery. The funeral cere- 
monies were largelv attended by citizens of 
the count}- and by sympathizing friends from 
other ])arts of the State. Colonel ?)allingall 
served four )-ears in the State Senate from Wa- 

pello comity and several terms as a member 
of the city council of Ottumwa. 

E. L. Burton, a prominent lawyer of Ot- 
tumwa, and wiio served two terms as judge of 
the District Court, died January 22, 1895. 

Col. Dwight Bannister, a gallant officer 
in the L'nion army, died January 30, 1899. at 
Ottumwa. J. W. Mclntire, e.x-sherift' of Wa- 
pello county, died at Ottumwa, February 18, 
1899, aged forty years. Paris Caldwell, one 
of the first settlers in the county, died at Ot- 
tumwa. March 5. 1899, aged eighty-one years. 
l\cv. John Kreckel. the oldest Catholic priest 
in Ottumwa, dieil June 19, 1899. Lewis 
J fills, L'nioii soldier and business man. died 
at Ottumwa. July 14, 1899. .\. L. Graves 
died at Ottumwa, July 15, 1899, aged .seventy- 
seven years. Dr. T. J. Douglass, of Ottumwa, 
eminent as a physician, died September 2, 1899. 
.\aron Melick, newspaper writer, died Oc- 
tober 13, 1899, at Ottumwa. George Gris- 
wold died Xovenil)er 21, 1899, at Ottumwa. 
Saumcl D. Pierce died November 25, 1899, 
aged seventy-two years. 

\\'. S. Coen, of Ottumwa, lawyer, died 
January 25, 1900, aged fifty-three years. 
William Daggett, a jjfoniincnt liusiness man, 
died at Ottumwa, Feliruary 26, 1900, aged 
seventy years. Joseph M. Kiser died April 
29, 1900, aged si.\ty-two years; he had lived 
in \\'a])ello county thirty-six years. Daniel 
Zollars (lied at Ottumwa, September 3, 1900, 
aged ninety-two years; he had lived in Wa- 
pello county forty-si.x years. W. T. Harper, 
Sr., died October 15, 1900, aged sixty-seven 



years: he had lived in \\'a])c!l() county forty- 
six years. 

Jt)hn Fulien died January 2, 190 1, aged 
€ixty-eiglit years; he had lived in Wapello 
county forty-two years, the greater ])art of 
the time at Agency City. Frank O'Neill died 
Fehruary 7, 1901, aged sixty-six years. G. .\. 
Roemer died March 21, 1901, at Ottumwa, 
aged eighty-four years : lie had lived in Wa- 
pello county fifty-si.x years. David Gephart 
died June 21, 1901, aged eighty-two years; he 
had li\ed in Wapello county fifty-two years. 
Dr. B. F. Hyatt, memher of the city council of 
Ottumwa, died June 29, 1901, aged sixty- 
three years; he had lived in Wapello county 
thirty-two years. Rev. Charles E. Brown 
died July 23, 1901, aged eighty-eight years; 
he had lived in Iowa fifty-nine years. lulwin 
Manning, a citizen of Keosauqua, but owner 
of a majority of stock in the Iowa National 
Bank, of Ottumwa, died at his residence in 
Keosauqua. August 16, 1901, at the age of 
ninety-one years. W. W. Pollard, an honored 
citizen of Ottumwa. was stricken with death in 
St. Mary's Catholic cluirch on Thursday, Sep- 
tember 19, 1 90 1, whither he and his wife had 
gone to attend the memorial services relating 
to the burial of President McKinley. Me was 
about sixty-seven years of age, and was an 
elder in the First Presbyterian church. 


The fire of October 30. iSriS, was a great 
calamity to Ottumwa. \\'hen the comparative 
infancy of the town is considered, the appall- 

ing character of this contlagration will be un- 
derstood. Twenty-two buildings in the heart 
of the city were consumed, involving a loss of 
about $400,000. The fire was discovered at 
I o'clock h'riday morning, Octtiber 30, 1868, 
in Ciiarles Betts' hat and cap store, on the 
south side of Main street. Those who suf- 
fered by the fire were J. A. Schworm, Henry 
& Haw, J. Prugh & Company, F. W. & J. 
Hawley, Cope & Porter, W. C. Moss. Jr.. & 
Company, T. Neville, C. C. Peters & Com- 
pany, D. M. Harmon, Thomas Devin & Son, 
H. C. Grube. .\dolph Kaiser. Clark & Tuttle, 
H. Nunamaker, J. G. Meek. J. Leighton, 
George Brandenburg. F. W. .Smith. Charles 
Betts, W. 1). Earl & Brother, Michael Ma- 
guire. J. Loomis. Dr. C. C. \\'arden, Shreve 
& Yates, L. Danbauni. Dr. J. L. Taylor, J. W. 
Huggins, E. Wjashburn. P. C. Daum, James 
Hawley. Sr.. George Godfrey. William Kraner 
and others. The total insurance was $225,- 

.\ fire occurred January 22. 1873, which 
destroyed about $142,000 worth of property. 
It originated in the tliird story of the building 
occupied by W'. A. Jordan & Sons in the Union 
Block, as a clothing store and tailoring ^tab- 
lishment. The block was the pride of the 
city, and in less than three hours it was a mass 
of ruins. The flames communicated to all 
parts of the block, and involved the loss of 
property owned as follows : D. Eaton, on the 
corner of Main and Green streets, loss $S,ooo; 
insured f<ir $5,500. Eaton & .\rthur, furni- 
ture, loss $5,000; insured for value. J. H. 
Merrill, building, loss $7,000; insured for 



$5,000. J. H. Merrill & Company, groceries, 
loss $25,006; insured for value. W. A. Jor- 
dan & Sons, building, loss $7,000 ; insured for 
$3,000: loss on dry goods. $20,000: insured 
for value. .\. Simpson, building, loss $7,000: 
no insurance. Egan & Harper, lianhvare, 
loss $12,000: insured for $10,000. R. X. 
Harlan, building, loss $7,000: insured for $4,- 
000. S. B. Fuller, dry goods, loss $3,000: in- 
sured for $2,ooo. I. W. & G. .\. Huggins, 
building a(lji>ining llic L'nicn Block, liiss $15.- 
ooo: insured for $9,000. 1 lie Harlan Build- 
ing was occupied by Mrs. Frances Williams 
and Miss Mar\- King as millinery shops, — loss 
$500: by .Mr. [-"riedlander as residence. — 
loss $400: and by J. M. Wallace as a photo- 
graph gallery. — loss $1,000. Xo insurance on 
any of the following losses: Dr. H. B. Sisson 
lost his dental furniture, value $800, and J. \V. 
l)a\y. clothing, etc.. value $400. in the Jordan 
Building. W. 11. Kelcliam & Company, gro- 
cers, had a stock in the rear of Eaton & .\r- 
thur's building, whicli was damaged to the 
extent of $1,000. 

The most destructi\e fire. in\-ol\-ing the 
greatest loss, was that of the Morrell Packing 
House, on the 12th of July. 1893 : the loss 
was $600,000. with partial insurance. This 
fire was a ])ublic calamity : citizens regarded it 
as their own calamity individually : the destruc- 
tion of ])roperty was so great that man\- de- 
spaired ;ui(l feared that the great packing would never be what it was again: but 
T. D. Foster, the manager, never despaired : 
he employed gangs of men the next day to 
clear away the wreck preparatory to rebuild- 

ing, and in a comparatively short space of 
time the packing house was in full running 
order, better equipped that ever before. It 
may be recorded here, as well as in any other 
l)lace. that the Morrell Packing House was 
established here without a dollar of assistance 
in the way of a subsidy. It has used only the 
I capital of the company in all its operations, and 
has been generous in donating to the aid of 
all worthy public enterprises. 


The murder of Laura J. I-Iar\-ey and 
George Lawrence on or about March 28. i860, 
bv Benjamin .\. McComb was ;m atrocious 
crime that caused great excitement among 
Wapello county people. The murderer hauletl 
the bodies of his victims se\-eral miles, and at 
last threw the woman's body in the rixxr. and 
l^awrence's bodv was found in one of the ra- 
\ines between Ottumwa and Agenc}' Citw 
McComb was captured March 2, 1864. tried 
and found guilty : he appealed to the Supreme 
Court. On the day that he was to have been 
hanged, by sentence of the lower court, viz: 
July 2~. 1864. a mol) took him from the jail 
and to the eastern limits of the city, and had 
the rope around his neck, when three or four 
determined citizens dashed in. cut the ro]-)e and 
released him. McComb was finallv hanged by 
legal process. Fcbruarv 17. i8C)5, in the jail- 
yard. He died, protesting his innocence, but 
within a few months a pamphlet, ])ur])orting 
to be his confession. ap])eared. 

-\nother atrocious nnu'der was crmmitted 



near Eddyvillc. in June. iSdo. by Juliii Kcp- 
liart, who was inu\ int;- the Willis family, con- 
sisting of the parents and three children, from 
Jefferson c<innty to Missonri. lie mnrdereil 
William Willis, the luisband. hy poison, and 
killed the wife and two children with an ax 
and hammer. James, one of the hoys, escai)cd. 
Kephart was captured and lumi;- hy a mob in 
Jefferson countv. near where the Ixulies were 
found, on July 3, i860. 

.\ll)ert M. Logan, a policeman, was shot 
and killed by John Smith, on June 28, 1875. 
Smith was captured immediately and placed in 
jail. I he next day he was brought to the city 
hall for preliminary examination before Jus- 
tice Fetzcr. He was duly committed. .As the 
officers were on their way with him to the 
jail, however, he was taken forciblv bv ;i mob 
and hanged to a])-post directly in fi'ont 
of the city hall. 

Pleas, .\nder.son was arrested June g, 1883. 
for the murder of Christopher Mc.Mlister, on 
November 6, i88j, near Blakeshurg. .\n- 
derson was hanged by a mob in 1885. near 

.\doli)h Xeise was arrested for the mur- 
der of his wife and infant child. The house 
was set on fire and their bodies consumed, on 
the night of February 22. 1893. Xeise was 
trie<l and ac<|uitted. but lie immediately left 
the county. 

On the night of May 26, 1893, J. L. 
Chamberlin was "slugged" on the head and 

died on the jgth of .May. .\o arrest was 

Thomas Lhnil, a mining boss at Kel), was 
shot and killed by Amelia Darljy, on June 27, 
1893. She was tried, found guilty and sen- 
tenced to the peniteiuiary. but was ])ardoned 
out a few years later. 

On the 21st day of November, 1893, one 
I" O. Johnson, whose name was tattooed on 
his arm, was arrested under the name of ( iust- 
afson, charged with the crime of rape, on the 
person of a little girl not more than five vears 
of age. Me was arrested by the city authori- 
ties of Ottumwa and placed in jail, but an in« 
formation was filed before Justice Truitt the 
next day, and he was brought to the office of 
the justice for examination. While he was 
there he was seized by a mob. a ro])c was 
placed an und his neck, tied to the railing of 
tl.e outer stairway of the Funis building, cor- 
ner of Market and Main streets, and he was 
hurled into space and choked to death. Dr. 
La Force, who was mayor at the time, exerted 
himself to sa\e the man. but was powerless. 
There are gra\e doubts expressed as to the 
guilt of the victim; there are those who affirm 
positively that he was not the guilty one. while 
others are ecpially certain that he was .guilty. 
This was the last hanging by a mob that has 
taken place in the county. It is believed that 
public sentiment would not now tolerate such 
violence and conteiuiit of law. 



Taken Principally from Adjlttant General's Reports. 


Adjt Adjutant 

Art Artillery 

Bat Battle or Battalion 

Col Colonel 

Capt Captain 

Corp Corporal 

Comsy Commissary 

com commissioned 

cav cavalry 

captd captured 

dcsrtd deserted 

disal) disabled 

disd discharged 

e enlisted 

excd exchanged 

inf infantry 

inv invalid 

I. V. I ; . . . .Iowa Volunteer Infantry 

kid killed 

Lieut Lieutenant 

Maj Major 

m. o mustered out 

prmtd ■. promoted 

prisr prisoner 

Regt Regiment 

re-e re-enlisted 

res. .. ; resigned 

Sergt Sergeant 

trans transferred 

\'et veteran 

V. R. C \'eteran Reserve Corps 

ud wounded 

hon. di^id honorably discharged 


[A'o/c. — Tlic iioii-Tctcraus of lliis regiment were 
mustered out at expiration of their term of service in 
April, May and June. JS64. The z>eteraiis and recruits 
were consolidated into six companies, known as the 
Second I'ctcran Infaiilry. The Second I'cteran In- 
fantry was consolidated to make a full regiment 'unlh 
the Third I'ctcran Infantry, Nov. 8. JS64. and ivas mus- 
ttrcd out at Louis'.'iltc. A'v. . July /.', /cSYij.] 

Q. M. .Monzo Eaton, com. i>t lieut. Co. K May 28, 
1861 ; prnud. Q. M. .\ug. 7, 1861. 

Company C. 

Philip Q. Stoner. c. May 6, 1861, disd. Aug. 11, 1862. 
Cox. Samuel, disd. June 13. 1862. 
Stamper, G. C, c. Aug. 26, 1862. 

Company K. 

Capt. Chas. C. Cloutman, com. May 28. 1861. killed at 

Fort Donelson. 
Capt. Ermon E. Mastick, e. as scrgt. May 6, 1861, 

prmtd. 2d lieut. Sept. 19. 1861, prmtd. ist licut. Nov. 

I. 1861, prmtd. capt. Feb. 16. 1862. 
First Lieut. Jno. E. Mobley, e. as sergt. May 6, 1861, 



pnntd. 2(1 lieut. Nov. i. 1861. prmtd. 1st licut. I'cb. 
16, i86j, disd. for wds. .\ug, 20. 1862. 
First Lieut. Geo. W. Blake, e. as sergt. May 6, iSfii, 
prmtd. 2d lieut. Feb. 16, 1862, printd. isl licul. .\ug. 
20, 1862, \vd. al Girinlli. 
Second Lieut. Fredk. W. llavvley. com. May 28. 1861, 

res. Sept. 14. 1861. 
Second Lieut. Tlios. K. Raush. e. as corp. May 6, 1861, 

prmtd. 2d lieut. .Aug. 20. 1862. \vd. at Corinth. 
First Sergt. R. P. Caldwell, c. May 6. 1861, trans, to 

Co. I 1st Iowa Cav. 
Sergt. Jas. H. McChire, e. May (>. 1861. 
Sergt. W'm. H. Norris. e. May 6. 1861. , 

Sergt. Wm. C. Holden, e. May 6. 1861. 
Sergt. Z. M. Cook. e. May 6, 1861, wd. at Fort Donel- \ 

son, disd. July 7. 1862. 
Sergt. S. Kirkpatrick. e. May 6. i86[. I 

Sergt. Benj. E. llamniitt. c. May (), 1S61, wd. at Fl. 

Sergt. Z. McAllister, c. May 6. 1861. disd. May 9, 1862. 
Sergt. Edwin Johnson, e. May 6, 1861. 
Corp. Jno. Morrison, Jr.. c. May 6, i85r. 
Corp. Young J. Powell, e. May 6, 1861. 1 

Corp. Jesse Bucknor, e. ^^^y 6. 1861, disd. Nov. 6, 1861. 
Corp. Stephen Osborn. e. May 6. 1861. disd. Sept. 15. 

Corp. S. S. Shearer, c. May 6, iSfii, wd. at Ft. Don- 
elson, died of wds. March 27, i8(),v 
Corp. Thos. Gallagher, e. May 6, 1861. wd. at Fort 

Corp. .Vdani L. Saurn. e. May 6. 1861, deserted .-\pril 20. 

1 852 
Corp. Wallace Weed. e. May 6, iS'tu, w 1 ,11 rnbinilni... 

Ky.. died Jan. 16. 1863. 
• Corp. H. Dcllcr. e. May 6. 1861. 
Corp. W. H. Henderson, c. May 6. 1861. kid. at Corinth. 
Corp. D. A. Sergeant, e. May 6. i86t, wd. at Fort 

Corp. Jos. Bcrkey, e. May 6. i8f)i. kid. at battle of Ft. 

Donelson Feb. 15. 1862. 
Musician Jas. White, e. May 6," 1861, disd. Aug. 5, 1862. 
Wagoner Matthias .Alcott, c. May 6, 1861. 1 

Ayres, Wm.. e. May 6. 1861. 
Asman. Louis, e. May 6. 1861. 
Bosworih. D. C, e. May 6, 1861, died Oct. 26, i86r. 
Brock. F. A., c. May 6, 1861. 

Bell. Dora. c. May 6. 1861. disd. Sept. 5, 1861. 1 

Blake, James, c. May 6, 1861. kid. battle Ft. Donelson. | 

Bossee, Hermann, e. May 6, 1861, deserted July 31, 

Brooks, Jos., e. May 6, 1861, deserted Sept. g, 1861. 
Coen. John. e. May 6, 1861. 
Cole, W. W., c. Sept. 4. 1862. 
Coyne, B., e. May 6, 1861. 

Cochran. Wm., c. May 6, 1861, died May 22. 1862. 
Coffin, Wm. A., e. May 6, 1861. 
Comstock, James, e. May 6. 1861. 
Cbadd, Daniel, e. May 6, 1861. 
Chadd, Wesley, e. May 6. 1861. 

Cook, David, e. May 6. 1861, wd. at Fort Donelson. 
Day, Elias, e. May 6, 1861. 

Drake, Wilson, e. May 6. 1861, died at Corinth. Miss. 
Durbin, Levi, e. May 6, 1861, captd. at Corinth Oct. 5, 

Dewitt. Jas. P.. e. Dec. 14. 1863. 
Davis. Nelson. May 27. i8(jl. disd. July 29, 1862. 
Enslow, Daniel T., e. May (>, 1861, died at St, Louis. 
Elerick. Shannon, c. May 6, 1861. 
Fulton. M., e. Dec. 21, 1863. 

Goodall, Wm. H., e. May 6. l86t, wd. at Ft. Donelson. 
Gee, Wm. M., e. May 6. 1861. disd. Feb. i. 1862. - 
Grubby, W. B.. e. May 6. 1861, disd. Dec. 28, 1861. 
Graves, Geo. W., e. May 6, 1861. 

Graves, .Mired IL, e. May 6, 1861, disd. Nov. 6, 1861. 

Goulden, M.. e. Dec. 19, 1863. 

Harrison. S. F., e. May 6, 1861, died at Ft. Donelson. 

Holmes, T. D., e. May 6. 1861, wd. at Ft. Donelson. 

TLinipton. John. e. May 6. 1861, kid. at Ft. Donelson. 

Harper, Geo., c. May 6, 1861. died Jan. 9, 1862. 

Harper. James, e. May 6. 1861. disd. Nov. 6, 1861. 

Kilpatrick. B., c. Dec. 12, 1863. 

Kirkpatrick, W. T., e. May 6, 1861, kid. at Ft. Don- 
elson. • 

Krutz, John R., e. Sept. 30, 1862. 

Lyon, R. E., e. May 6, 1861. 

Lottridgc, George, e. May 6, 1861. 

Lankford, H. C, e. May 6. 1861, disd. Sept. 14. 1862. 

Martin, C. L., e. May 6, 1861. 

McGuire, Wm.. e. May 6. 1861. died Sept. 17. 1861. 

McDonough. Geo., e. Sept. 2, 1862. 

Manro. N. F., e. May 6. 1861. disd. Dec. 19, 1861. 

Phillips, Samuel, e. May 6, 1861. 

Phillips, Bosler, e. Sept. i, 1862. 

Parker, Geo., c. May 6, 1861, disd. .\pril 1. 1862. 

Rccd, Wm.. e. ALiy 6, 1861. 

Reams. C. F.. e. Dec. 14. 1863. 



Riipc. Jolui. c. May (), 1861, disd. Oct. 31. 1861. 

Sterling. Jos.. Sept. 2. 1862. 

Soiitli. M., e. Sept., 1862. 

Thompson, A. S., c. May 27. 1861. \vd. at Donelson, 

Thallhcimer, S., e. May 6, 1861. 
Trim, Wm. E., c. May 6, 1861. 
Vance, Jos. 11., e. May 6, 1861. 

Varner, Jas., e. May 6, 1861. disd. Oct. 9. 1862, disab. 
Wishart, E. H., e. May 6, 1861. 
Woodward, Jas. M., e. Sept. 4, 1861. 
White, A. M., c. Sept. 16, 1862. 


Carroll, B. F.. c. Feb. 22. 1864. 
French, Morris, e. Aug, 16, 1862. 
Thorp, N. P. 


Q. M. Aloiizo Eaton, cum. Aug. 7. 1861, from 2d Inf. 
capt. and A. Q. M. U. S. V. June -30. 1864. 

Comf>aiiy .1. 

Sylvester, John \\'.. r. May ;,, 1864. 

Cuiiil'uny t. 

Second Lieuf. Thomas K. Raush, com. .\ug. 20, 1862, 
from Co. K, 2d Inf., May 21, 1864, kid. at Atlanta. 

Coiii[>aiiy C. 

Stamper, G. C, c, Aug. 29, 1862. 

Coiiif'iiny K. 

First Lieut. Sanford Kirkpatrick. 

Sergt. William C. Holden, e. May 6, 1861, vet. Dec. 25, 

Corp. Young J. Powell, e. May 6, 1861. vet. Dec. 25, 

Corp. T. D. Holmes, e. May 6, 1861, vet. Dec. 25, 1863. 
Coen, John, c. May 6, 1861. 
Childers, P. R., e. Nov. 25, 1861. 
Cole, William W., c. Sept. i, 1861, 
Day, Elias, c. May 6, 1861, vet. Dec. 25, 1863. 

Farnsworth. William, e. Feb. i, 1861. 

Gallagher, Thomas, e. May 6, 1861. vet. Dec. 28, 1863, 

Graves, George W., e. May 6, 1861, vet. Dec. 25. 1863. 

Hascal, Samuel, e. Jan. 15, 1864. 

Kirkpatrick, Wade, e. Feb. 24, 1864. 

Krutz, John R,. e. Sept. 30, 1862. 

Lyon, R. E., c. May 6, 1861, vet. Dec. 25, 1863. 

Lockwood, J. W., e. Jan. 24, 1864. 

Locker, W. H., e. Sept. 8, 1862. 

McDonough, George, e. Sept. 2, 1862. 

Mick, Henry, e. Feb. 19, 1864, died at Chattanooga, 

Phillips, Bosler, e. Sept. i, 1862. 
Sterling, Joseph, e. Sept, 2, 1862. 
South, Michael, e. Aug. 20, 1862. 
Sheppard, D. M., e. March 31, 1862, 
Thallheimer, S., e. May 6, 1862, vet. Dec. 25, 1863. 
Wishart, E. H., e. May 6, 1862. 
White, A. M., e. Sept. 16, 1862. 
Woodward, J. M., e. Sept. 4, 1862. 
Wykoff. S. I)., e. Jan. 16. 1862. 


Company A. 

First Lieut. Jacob C. Movvrey, e. as private June 8, i86t, 
prmt<l. to 2d lieut. Jan. >2. 1865. prmtd. to 1st lieut. 
March 24, 1865. 

Critchfield, Elliott, e. June 8, 1861, vet. Jan. 4, 1864. 

Com I'll II y f. 

Goodwin, George W., Jan. 6, 1861, vet. Dec. 17, 1863, 
disd. July 3, 1865. 

Coiiipiiiiy I. 

Ball, H. H., e. May 21, 1861, vet. Jan. i, 1864. 

Coinfiaiiy K. 

First Lieut. Sanford Kirkpatrick. com. Nov. 10, 1864, 
from com, sergt. 


[Note. — This Rcniiiiciit was inuslcrrd mit at Louis- 
ville July I^. 1S65.] 



Lieut. Col. Saml. Malion. c. as ist licut. Co. F. July 
24, 1861, prmtd. capt. Jiuio u. 1S62, prniul. major 
June i.v 1865. prmtd. licut. col. June 13. 186.;. 

Q. M. Stiles E. Forsha. com. Aug. 6. i86r. prnitil. 1st 
lietit. Co. I, capt. and com. of sul>. 

Com. Sergt. .\ndre\v J. Horton. 

Comf'aiiy C. 

McHonough. E. C, c. March 31. 1864. 

Coiiij'iiiiy IK 

Gcbel. Geo., e. Fel.. 8. 1864. 

Gutterman. Jacob, c. Feb. 15. 1864. ml. al Lay's 
Ferry, Ga. 

Coiiif'ciiiy /;. 

Chambers, J. G.. c. July j8, 1861. 
Doll, Jno., e. July 28. 1861. 
Fairchild. H. C. e. July 28. 1861. 
Strange, c. July .28. 1861. 

Comfaiiy /■". 

Capt. Chas. W. Kittcridge. com. July .'4. 1861. \v<l. at 

Belmont, resd. June 11, 1862. 
Capt. Chas. J. Sergent. e. as private in 1861, prmtd. 2d 

lieut. June 12. 1862. prmtd. capt. Aug. 7, 1861, wd. 

Aug. II, 1864. died at Ottumwa. 
Capt. Peter Henncgin. c. as i)rivate in i8()i, prmtd. 2d 

lieu!. .^Hg. 3. 1864. prmtd. capt. June i, 1865. 
First Lieut. Orran S. Russell, e. as private in 1861, wd. 

at Corinth, prmtd. 1st lieut. June i, 1865. 
First Sergt. \Vm. \V. Farley, e. July 11. 1861. kid. at 

Belmont Nov. 7, 1861. 
Sergt. Stevens \V. MerriK; e. in 1861. 
Sergt. Chas. G. Grout, e. 1861, trans, to 3d .Ma. A. D., 

asst. 1st licut. March i, 1864. 
Sergt. Hiram Balcom, e. 1861, vet. Dec. 26, 1863, wd., 

disd. June i, 1865. 
Sergt. John ILimmitt, c. 1861. wd. at Belmont, disd. 

Sept. 19, 1862. 
Corp. Geo. F. House, c. 1861, disd. Jan. g, 1863. 
Corp. Wm. W. Johnson, c. 1861, wd. at Belmont, disd. 

Oct. 20, 1862. 
Corp. Seth Sampson, e. 1861, disd. March 25, 1862. 

Corp. .\. \V. N'eiglibor, e. iHfii, kid. at Corinth. 

Corp. Cyrus Sumard, e. 1K61. 

Corp. W. Carroll, e. 1861, capld. at Belmont. Mo. 

Corp. E. S. Beardon, c. 1861. 

Corp, Wm. H. Litsey, e. iS()i, died of wds. M.iy 

22, 1864. 
Bartlett, Ulysses, e. 1861, wd. at Corinth, disil. .\iig. 

i.V i8^>3. 
Bartholomew, Wm., e. 1861. 

Backus, D., e. Feb. 13, 1864, died al N'ashville, Tenn. 
Backus, Wm., e. 1861, vet. Dec. 24, 1863. 
Buckner, C. S., e. Jan. 25, 1864, kid. in balllc of 

Oostanaula River, Ga. 
Brown. C.. e. 1861, vet. Dec. 26, 186.3, tlied at Rome, Ga. 
Buckner, E., e. Jan. 25, 1864, died at JefFcrsonville, Ind. 
Bearden, E. W., e. 1861. 
Brideiistiiie. D., e. Jan. 25, 1864. 
Bowman, John, e. 1861, vet. Dec. 24, 1863. 
Broadhead, Elisha, e. Feb. 10, 1862, vet. Feb. ir. iSTij. 
Brown. Ir.i. e. 1861. vit. Dec. 26. 18C3. 
Carman, J. B., e. Feb. 10, 1864. 
Crosscn, F. .M., e. 1861, vet. Dec. 26, 1863, trans, to Co. 

G. I nth U. S. Inf., as ist lieut. 
Cowan, G. G.. e. Dec. 25, 1861, vet. Dec. 24, 1863. 
Evans, Josiah B., e. 1861, kid. in battle of Bilmoiit. 
Davis, J. D., e. Dec. 14, 1861, vet. Dec. 24. 1863. 
Davis, Wm. M., e. Dec. 25, 1861, captd. at Shiloli, vet. 

Dec. 24. 1863. 
Doak, Jno., c. Dec. 16, 1861, wd. at Corinth, vet. Dec. 

24, 1863. 
EUlridge, John, e. July it, 1861, died Oct. 26, 1861. 
Frank, Joseph, e. 1861. deserted July 2'^, 1861. 
Foster, J. C, e. Jan. 18, i8f)4- 
Gregory, R. C, e. 1861, vet. Dec. 26, 1863. 
Godfrey, Wm., c. July 11, l«oi, kid. in battle of Belmoat. 
Godfrey. Lewis, c. 1861, dis<I. .April 2. 1862. 
Harris, Aaron, e. Dec. 17, 1861. vet. Dec. 24. 1863. 
Hidls, Silas, e. July 11, i8()i, kid. in battle of Belmont. 
Hemiegin, Jas., e. Feb. 4, 1864. 
Hults, Jno. M., e. Feb. 6, 1864. 

Harness, John, e. i8(')i, dic.l Oct. 20, 1862, of w<ls. re- 
ceived at Corinth. 
Kitterman, J. H., e. Feb. 20, 1864. 
Kitterinan, Samuel, c. Dec. 16, 1861, vet. Dec. 24. 1863. 
Klumpe, Jno. H., e. July 11, 1861. 
Kent, Jas. E., e. Jan. 27, 1864. 
I Kesslcr, Geo., e. July 11, 1861, vet. Dec. 24. 1S63. 
Lewis, Washington, c. July 11, 1861, died Nov. 2, 1861. 
Lyic. Jos. R., e. 1861, disd. April 26, 1862. 



Long. Estiuirc, c. 1861. vet. Dec. 26, 1863, tlisd. Aug. 

5. 1864. 
McDonald, Wni. H., e. 1861, disd. March 28, 1862. 
Moser, A., e. Feb. 20, 1864. 
Newell. Isaac F., e. 1861. disd. Nov. 6. 1861. 
Pickeral. Wni., e. 1861, captd. at Belmont Nov. 7, 1861, 

vet. Dec. 24. 186.3. 
Rybolt, S., c. Feb. 10, 1864. 
Ream, Sam'l M.. c. 1861. wd. at Shiloli, was trans, to 

Inv. Corps Aug. 1.3. 186.5. 
Robinson, John D., e. 1861. 
Smith, Geo. L., e. Jan 18. 1864. 

Sherley. Jos., e. 1861. wd. at Shiloh. vet. Dec. 24. 1863. 
Simmons. A., c. Feb. 20. 1864. 
Sales. Stephen, e. July 11. 1861. died Oct. 17. 1861. 
Sergcnt. V\'m. G.. e. Feb. 18, 1864. 
Swift. A.E.. e. Feb. 4, 1864. 
Stevens, Ezra, c. 1861. vet. Dec. 24. 1863. 
Smith, .\ndrew. e. Dec. 5. 1861. vet. Dec. 24. 1863. 
Stockcr. Daniel, e. Feb. 10. 1862, vet. Feb. 11. 1864. 
Thomas. Wm., e. 1861, kid. at Corinth Oct. 4, 1862. 
Van Winkle. Alex., e. Feb. 20. 1864. 
Voss. Henry, c. 1861. wd. at Belmont and Corinth. 
Waldcn. Calvin, e. 1861. vet. Dec. 24. 1863. 
Wright. Elisha. c. July 11. 1861. kid. at battle of 

Wilson, Jas. H., e. 1861. wd. at 1)allle of Belmont, vet. 

Dec. 26, 1863. 
Wormian. David, e. 1861. disd. Nov. i. 1S61. 
Worlman. Wni.. e. 1861. vet. Dec. 24. 1863. 
White. Geo. H.. e. 1861, kid. at battle of Corinth 

Oct. 4, 1862. 
Wilkec, H. C, e. 1861. 
Withered, Henry, e. Feb. 8. 1864. 

Coiiipiiiiy I. 

Capt. Jas. M. Irvin, com. .-Xug. 2, 1861. licut. col. First 

Ala. Vol., A. D.. May 20, 1863. 
Capt. Benj. S. Barbour, e. as sergt. 1861. prniid. 2d 

lieut. Oct. 3. 1862. prmtd. capt. May 21. 1863. 
First Lieut. Charles Gardner, e. as sergt. 1861, prmtd. 

2d lieut. Sept. 21. i86i. prmtd. ist lieut. Oct. 17, 

1861, wd. at Belmont and died at Mound City. 111. 
Fiist Lieut. Wm. H. Robinson, e. as sergt. 1861. prmtd. 

2d lieut. Oct. 17. i86i. prmtd i^t lli-nt Nov 22, 

1 86 1, resd. Feb. 26, 1862. 
First Licut. Frank A. Irvin. e. as sergt. i.Soi. prmtd. 

1st lieut. March I. 1862, wd. at Corinth, m. o.. Aug. 

I, 1864, term expired. 
First Licut. Geo. W. Lazenby, e. as private 1861, prmtd. 

1st lieut. Jan. i, 1865. 
Second Lieut. Jno. Wilcox, e. as sergt. i86i. wd. at 

Belmont, Mo., prmtd. 2d licut. Nov. 22, 1861, resd. 

Sept. 26, 1862. 
Sergt. Jno. T. Wallen. e. 1861. disd. March 28. 1862, 

for wds. received at Belmont. 
Sergt. Jas. B. Muurmert. e. 1861. disd. July 3. 1862. 
Sergt. Levi Baldwin, e. 1861, disd. March 11. 1862. 
Sergt. Robt. M. Jones, e. 1861. disd. March 11, 1862. 
Sergt. Andrew J. Horton. e. 1861. ])rmtd. to com. sergt. 

Oct. I. 1862. 
Corp. Will. H. Evans, e. 1861. wd. at Belmont. Mo., 

disd. April 28, 1862. 
Corp. Jas. H. Long, e. 1861, disd. Dec. 5. i86i. 
Corp. Andrew Robb. e. Aug. n, 1861. vet. Dec. 24, 1863. 
Corp. Jesse Barber, c. i86i, disd. Sept. 14, 1861. 
Carp. H. C Nosier, e. Aug. 11. 1861, wd'. at Belmont, 

disd. March 28. 1862. 
Corp. M. V. Bedel, e. 1861. 

Corp. Allen John. e. 1861. disd. March 28. 1862. 
Corp. .Adams Finley. e. 1861. disd. March 28. 1862. 
Blair. Will. J., c. Feb. 29. 1864. 

Burgoyne, T. J., e. 1861, died July 11, 1863, at Keokuk. 
Bonham, F. N., c. 1861, vet. Dec. 24, 1863. 
Billings, S.. e. 1861. disd. April 10, 1862, disab. 
Beenier, Jos., e. 1861. 
Chattin. H.. e. Feb. i. 1864. 
Cahill. John, e. 1861. vet. Dec. 24, 1S63. 
Clark, Jas. C. e. 1861. 

Chambers. J. G.. e. Aug. i. 1861. disd. March 11. 1862. 
Crespe/i, Benj. F., e. 1861. wd. at Belmont. Mo., disd. 

July 3. 1862. 
Conwcll. John B., e. 1861. wd. at Belmont, vet. Doc. 

24, 1863. 
Culver, Geo., e. 1S61, disd. March 29. 1862. 
Chidester, Benj. F., e. 1861, wd. at Belmont, disd. Feb. 

24. 1862. 
Chidester, Jas. .A., e. 1861. wd. at Belmont and did 

Nov. 13, 1861. 
Chattin, Wm., e. June 9, 1863. 
Edmonds, M. A. e. 1861, disd. April 28. 1862. 
Eastwick, Fred F.. e. Nov. 25. 1861. vet. Dec. 2|, 1863. 
Fields. A. C. e. Jan. 21, 1864. wd. at Lay's Feriy, Ga., 

died at Chattanooga. 
Gish, John H., e. Jan. 2T, 1864. 
Hall, H. H., e. 1861. disd. March 28. 1862. 



Harding. \V. H.. e. Dec. 17. 1863. 

Ha.skulson. Jas.. c. 1861. vet. Dec. 24, 1863. 

Janes, J., c. Jan. i. 1864. 

King, Jas., c. 1861. kid. in liattlc at Corintli Oci. 

3. 1862. 
l,azcnby. Cas.sius. e. 1861. \vd. at Bclninnt, Mo., di.s.l 

March 28. 1862. 
Lazenbce. Geo. W.. e. 1861. 
Lawson, Geo., e. 1861. 

Lawson, Hamilton, e. 1861, disd. Feb. 24. 1862. 
McGonigal. J., e. Feb. i, 1864. 

McGonigal. Wm. H.. e. l86r. kid. at battle of Corinth. 
McDonough. Jas.. e. 1861. 
Myrick. Thos., c. 1861. \vd. at Belmont, disd. Dec. 2^. 

^[urmcrt. Jacob, e. 1861, vet. Dec. 24, i86,v 
Matthews, Levi, e. 1861, died Jan. 15, 1862. 
Myers, David, e. 1861, disd. Jan. 15. 1862. 
Murray, Jas., e. 1861. kid. at battle of Shiloh. 
Noe, Geo., e. 1861, kid. in battle of Belmont Nov. 7, 

186 1, 

\vd. at Lay's Ferry, died, 

North, Livingston, e. 1861 

date unknown. 
OIm,stead, J. Q., e. 1861. 
Olney, H. E., e. 1861. disd. May 11. 1863. 
Rice, Preston, e. Aug. 22. 186 1. wd. at Fort Donelson 

vet. Dec. 24, 1863. 
Pike, Z. W., e. Feb. i, 1864. died at Huntsville. .Ma 
Rhinesmith. \V. G., e. Feb. i, 1864. disd. Feb. 20. 1865 
Snow, .Mbert, e. .Aug. 22. 1861, vet. Dec. 24. 1863. 
Snow, F. H., e. Feb. i, 1864. 
Secrist. James, e. i86t, died Dec. 3, 1861. 
Secrist. Jno. W., e. 1861, died Oct. 20, 1861. 
Strange, Jere, e. .\ug. 2, 1861. vet. Dec. 24, 1863. 
Stevens, Geo. W., e. 1861, disd. Sept. 14. 1861. 
Scott, J. J., e. July 22. i86t, kid. at Belmont. Mo. 
Swinson, N.. e. 18O1. 

Stophec. Jno. H.. e. 1861. vet. Dec. 24, 1803. 
Schwallen, Charles, e. 1861. 

Spillntan. Thos. L, c. 1861, disd. Sept. 11. 1S62. 
Tiltsworth, S. H., e. 1861, disd. .\pril 26, 1862. 
Vance, Wni., c. 1861, disd. Dec. 21, 1861. 
Wheeler. Chas., e. 1861, trans, to Co. F. 
Woodruff, Jno. W., e. 1861, wd. at Lay's Ferry, died 

at Keokuk. 1 

Warner, L., e. 1861, vet. Dec. 24. 1863. ! 

Warner, H., e. 1861, vet. Dec. ."4, 1863. captd. F,-i). 

21, 1865. j 

Weese, Satn'l, c. 1861. I 


Weese, Jacob, e. 1861. died Oct. 19, 1861. 

Young, Wesley, e. 1861. 

Zorns, James, e. 1861, vet. Dec. 24, 1863. 


[Note. — This regiment was mustered out at Louis- 
ville. Ky.. July 34. 1865.] 

Col. John ^^ Hedrick, com. Q. M. Dec. 23, 1861, prmtd. 

capt. Co. K Feb. 13, 1862, from ist lieut. Co. D, 

wd. at Shiloh, prmtd. maj. Jan. 17, 1863, prmtd. 

lieut. col. April 22, 1863. wd. at .Atlanta, prmtd. col. 

.Aug. 18, 1864, brevet brig. gen. March 13. 1865, m. 

o. .Aug. II. 1866. 
Maj. James S. Porter, e. as scrgt. Co. D, prmtd. 2d 

lieut. Feb. 13, 1862, wd. at Shiloh, prmtd. capt. 

Jan. 19, 1863, prmtd. maj. Dec. 15, 1864. 

Coin/'aity C. 

Shaw. Wm,. e. .\L-iroh 28. 1864. 

Ciiinf'dity D. 

Capt. Gregg .\. Madison, com. Nov. i, 1861, wrf. at 

Corinth, resd. Jan. 18, 1863. 
Capt. W'ni. Fairborn, e. as private Dee. i, 1861, prmtd. 

2A lieut. Dec. 15, 1864, prmtd. ist lieut. Jan. 31, 

1S65. prmtd. capt. .April 9, 1865. 
First Lieut. Charles Smock, c. as private 1861, prmtd. 

2d lieut. Jan. 31, 1865, prmtd. ist lieut. .April 9, 1865. 
Second Lieut. Charles M. I. Reynolds, com. Nov. 1. 

\i'M. resd. May 13. 1862. 
Second Lieut. William .Addelman, e. as corp. Oct. 15,. 

1861, prmtd. 2d lieut. M.iv 1 1 1S62, rc^ Nov. 

27. 1862. 
Second Lieut. E. M. Gebhart. e. a^ enrp. Oct. I, iSdr, 

wd. and captd. at Shiloh, prmtd. 2d lieut. Feb. 2, 

1863, kid. at battle of Atlanta. 
Second Lieut. Edward .\. Chambers, prmtd. 2d lieut. 

.\pril 9. 1865. 
First Sergt. Wni. N. Brant, e. Oct. I, 1861, disd. May 

29, 1863, disab. 
Sergt. Benjamin F. Briscoe, e. Oct. 15, 1861, disd. .Aug. 

14. 18O2. 
Sergt. Eugene S. .Sheffield, e. Oct., 1861. 
Sergt. Tbiimas J. Biggs, e. Oct. 15, 1861, trans. June 

10. 1864. prmtd. to 48th U. S. V. 

1 66 


ScTKl. r. M. Majors, c. Ocl., iSdi, ilisd. April 28. 

1865, disab. 
Scrgt. Joseph JUckart. v. Fi.-I>. I. 186-', vet. Feb. 2. 1864. 

missing near Atlanta. 
Corp. R. M. Wilson, e. Oct., i86r, kUI. near .\tlanta. 
Corp. Geo. VV. Buchanan, c. Feb.. i8()2. 
Corp. Edward G. Fasthani. e. Jan. 20. 1862. <lis(l. July 

II, 1862. disab. 
Corp. Wni. .'Vrrick, e. Nov., 1861, trans. June 7. iS'i;. 

for |)rinln. to i.vh La. Inf. 
Corp. \V. S. McLaiu. e. Oct. 15. 1861. capld. at .\llanta. 
Corp. John G. Ilnllmvay, e. Oct. i. 1861. wd. at Sbiloli. 
Corp. John R. Kayburn. e. Oct. 15, i8f)i, disd. Dec. 

i(>. 1862, disab. 
Corp. Samuel P. Reiil. e. Feb. 24. 1S62, wd, at Corinth. 

disd. March 21. 18(13. disab. 
Corp. (Iriines rennniy. e. Oct. i. iSOi. disd. .\ug. 1. 

1862. disab. 
Corp. P. M. Bird. e. Oct. i, 1861. trans, to Co. K. 
Adams. Hermann, e. Oct. i, l8()t. 

.Arnold. John, c. Oct. 15. 1861, disd. Dec. 16. 1862. disab. 
Bendow. F.. c. Nov. i. 186.^. died at .\tlanta. 
Bird. Frank, wd. at Corinth. 
Bird. Lycurgus. e. Jan.. 1862, wd, ;it Shiloh .uid Corinth. 

wd. and captd. near Atlanta. 
Bird. Milton, e. Oct. 15. 1861." 
Bosworth. John S.. e. Oct. 15. 1861. 
Brant, II, \V,, disd. Aug. 2g, 1862. 'disal>, 
Buchanan. Sanuiel. e, Feb, 1. |8()2. wd. at Sbili)h. disd, 

June 17, i8()2, disab. 
Carter, James \V.. e. Oct. 1=,. i8bi. vet, Nov, 17. i86.i, 

captd. place unknown. 
Cas.sell. John II.. c. March 5. l8(>2. disd. Dec, 5. 1862. 
Clark. .Xdnni. 
Clark, .'Vndrew. e. I\b. 24. 18(12. wd, at Shiloli and I 

Corinth, disd. March 5, 1863. 
Cook, Elijah, c. Fcl). 20. 1862, disd. .Aug, 27, i86j. 

Cook. John, e. I'Vb. i. iS()2. disd, March 5. 1862. disab. 
Crouch, (ieo. 11.. e. Sept, 8. 1862, missing in action 

near .Xtlanta t 

Deford, Philip, vet. Feb. 2. 1864. captd. near .\tlanta, 
Elmer. Henry, e. Oct. 15, 1S61. dieil May 15. 1862. of 

wds. received at Shiluli. 
England. II., 0. Feb. 13. 1862. disd. .Vug. 20, i8f)2. disab. 
Farlin. Geo. W., c. Oct. 15, 1861. captd. at .\tlanla. 
Fishburn. 1). A., e. Sept. 8, 1862. 
Fisher. W'ln, K.. ilied June 5, 1862, 
Foster. John, e, I'eb, 1, 1862, disd. June 17, 1863, disab. ; 

Gates. H. H.. e. Oct. 15, i8ot. 

Gephart, Noah, c. Dec. ,31, 1863. 

Gillespie. S. A., c. Oct. 15. 1861. 

Gray, William, e. I'eb. i. 1862, wd, at Sbilnli. disd. 

June 17. 1862. 
Gray, William F., c. Feb. i, 1862, disd. Aug. 13. 1862. 

Green. Albert, c. Jan. 4, 1864. 
Hammond, T. W.. c. Oct. 15. 1861. 
Harding. R. J., c. Oct. 15. 1861. died Jan. it. 1862. 
Hendrick.son. J., e. Oct. 15. 1861. died June 16. 1862. 
Holme.s. J. D.. e. Oct. 15, t86i. 
Hoover. P,. vet. Jan. 29. 1864. capld. at Atlanta. 
Hoover. Henry, c. Oct. 15, 1861, vet. Dec. 5. 1863. 
Houk. Wm,. vet. Feb, 28. 1864. 
Honts. O, v.. e. Nov. i. 1861. 
Howard. H.. c, M irch 28. 1864. 

Huffman. J,, vet, Feb. 21. 1864, disd. July 26. KS65. 
Irvin. .\. .-\,. e, Dec, 10. 1S64. 
Jay. R, L,. e, March 29. 1864. 

John.son. T, L,. e, Dec. 14. 1862. died May 21. 1862. 
Ketchum. Wni,. e, Jan. 1, 1862. died May 30. 1862. 
Kreitzer. .\dam. e. Jan. 20. 1862, died July 19, 1863. 
Kuhns. Samuel, e. Oct. 15, 1861. wd. at Corinth. 
Lair, Joseph, e. Oct. 15. 1861. 
Leonard. Martin, e. Oct. 15. 1861. 
Lewallen. Pleasant, e. Oct. 15. 1861. 
Leslie. Tliomas. e. I'Vb. 23, 1862, disd. Dec. 27, 1862, 

Lively, Elias, e. Jan.. 1862. disd. Feb, iS. 1862. 
McConnell. Andrew, e. Oct. 15. 1861. vet, Dec, 31, 

1863, wd, and captd. at Atlanta. 
McKinley. W. H.. e. Dec. 25. 1862, disd. .Vug. S, 

1862. disab. 
McNutt. Wm.. c. Oct. 21. iS.'')i. disd, July 11. 1862. disab. 
Masserva, Wm., c. Nov. 6. 1861. wd. at .Sliiloh, vet. 

Dec. 31, 1863, captdl. at Atlanta. 
Marshall. Calvin, e. Oct. 25. 1861. died May 26, 1862. 
Marshall. Clark, e. 1861. vet. Jan, 22. 1864. 
Marts. Squire, e. Oct. i-,. 1861. wd. at .Atlanta. 
Moore. John. e. Jan, i. ii%2. died Jan, 13. 1862. 
Morgan. J, !■".. e. Oct, 15. i8fH, 
Moss. James, e. April 13, 1864. 
Nosier. J. H., e. Oct. i, 1861. wd. at Sliiloh. died .\pril 

27. 1862. 
Neighbors. R.. e. Oct. i. i8()i. died Jan. 25. i8'i2. 
Owen. H. D., c. Oct. i, 1861. disd. Dec. 16. 1862. disab. 
Palmer. Thomas, e, Oct, i. 1861. vet. March 22. 186*4, 

wd. at Ezra Cliureli, 



Phillips, F., c. Oct. I, 1861, vet, Jan. 23. 1864. wd. 

at .-Xtlanta. 
Rayl)urn, Alex., e. Jan. i, 1862 disd. Feb. 18, 1862. 
Rayburn. M.. c. March i, 1862, wd. at Shiloh, captd. 

at Atlanta. 
Reynolds. E. M., e. Dec. 30. 1863. 
Ridnour, W. I., e. Oct. i. 1861. 
Rush. Jackson, e. Dec. i, 1861, disd. June 25. 1862, 

Ryan, Joseph, e. Jan. i, 1862. kid. in battle of Shiloh. 
Shaffner, Daniel, e. Jan. i, 1862, died June 6, 1862. 
Shaw, Win., e. M.irch 26. 1864, died Sept. 17, 1864. 
Shepard. VV. \V., e. Feb. 11, 1862. disd. July 11, 

1862, disab. 
Shirley. John, e. 1861. 

Shreeves. Charles, e. Jan. 2^. 1862, wd. at Shiloli. 
Simmons, B. F.. e. Feb. 24, 1862, died July 9, 1862. 
Smock. Charles, c. 1861, vet. Dec. 31, 1863. 
Stewart. J, P., c. Feb. 1 1, 1862, disd. June 17, 1862. disab. 
Thayer, G. 

Thomas. Josiah, c. Oct. i, 1861, dis<l. Sept. 24, 1862. 
Tishue. Wm, R., e, Oct. 24, 1861. died June 5, 1862. 
Tishue, John, e. in 1861, vet. Dec. 31, 1863. 
Trick, Geo. W., c. Jan. 28, 1864. 
Turner, Henry, e. Jan. i. 1864. 
Vanskike. S., c. in )86i. 
^'inccnt, John D., c. Oct. 3, 1861. 
Wade, .-\bsaIom. e. Feb. 23. 1862, died .Xug. 4, 1862. 
Walker, Wm. H.. e. in Nov., 1861. 
Wallace, Geo. W., e. in i86r. 
Ware. Geo. W., e. Sept. 8, 1862, disd. May 18, 1863, 

Wellnian, John, e. \ov. 10, 1861, wd. at Shiloli, disd. 

Aug. 20, 1862, disab, 
Wellnian. M.. c. Nov. 26. 1S61. wd. at Shiloh, died 

June I, 1862. - 
Wilcox, Alfred, e. Dec. i, 1861. 
Wilkins, S., e. Feb. i, 1862, wd. at Corinth. 
Williams, W. H. H., e. Oct. I. 1861, trans, to Co. 

K Feb. 15, 1862, 
Wilson, Jos. R., died at Vicksburg. 
Winkler, John W., e. Oct. i, 1861. 
Wmn, Chas., e. in 1861, vet. Dec. 5, 1863. 
Winters. Wm. B., c, Oct. 23, 1861, wd. at Shiloh, 

disd. .Aug. I. 1862, disab. 
Zimmerman, G, W., e, Nov, 10, i8f)i, wd. at Shiloh, 

disd. Dec. 16, 1862, wds. 

Com/>aiiy I. 
Colenbrander, G. W., captd. at Shiloh, vet. Feb. 20, 1864. 

Cramer. John W., c. Nov. 10, 1861, vet, Dec. s. 1863, 

missing at .Atlanta. 
F.lrick, Chas., e. Dec. 16, 1861. 
Van Hout, C, e. Feb. 2, 1862, disd. Aug. 2, 1862. 
Zornes, Samuel F., c. Feb. 20, 1862, vet. Feb. 20, 1864. 

Cuinpaiiy K. 

Capt. Thomas II. Ilcdrick, e. as scrgt. Oct. I, 1861, 

prmtd. 2d lieut. }unc i. 1862. prmtd. 1st licut. Oct. 

4, 1862, prmtd. capt. Jan, 17, 1863, wd. at .\tlanta, 

disd. l"cl). 8, 1865. 
Capt. Wm. B. McDowell, e. as private Oct 15, 1861, 

prointd. 1st licut. July 22. 1S64, prmtd. capt. Feb. 

9. 1865. 
Sergt. S. H. Gillespie, c. Oct. 15, 1861, vet. Jrui. i, 

1864, kid. near .-Xtlanta. 
Corp. A. R. Wilcox, e. Dec. i, 1861, wd. at Shiloh. 
Corp. Perry M. Bird, e. Sept. 20, 1861, vet. Dec. 6, 1863. 
Corp. J. N. Noland, c. Feb. 3, 1862, trans, to Inv. 

Corps l"cb. 15, 1864. 
.\dams. H. 11., e. Oct. 6, 1861, disd. Jan. 16, 1863, disab. 
Brandenburg. O. S.. e. Jan. I, 1864. 
Bosworih, John S., e, Oct. 6, 1861, vet. March 13, 1864. 
Holmes, John D„ e. Nov. I. 1861, kid. at Shiloh. 
Houtz, C. F., e. Nov. i, 1861, vet. Jan. i, 1864. 
Lair, Jos., e. Oct. i, 1861, disd. March ir, 1863, disab. 
Luallen, P.. e. Oct. i. 1861, disd. Dec. 27. 1862. disab. 
Morgan. J. N.. c. Oct, 15, 1861, disd. June 25, 1862, 

Morgan, Jos. E., e. Jan. 20, 1862, vet. Jan. r, K%4. 
I'owncll, Jas., c. Feb. i, 1862, disd. Nov. 25, 1862, disab. 
Rilcy, John, e. Feb. i, 1862, 

Ridnour, Wm. J., e. Oct. i, 1S61. died on hospital- 
boat Nov. 26, 1863. 
Spears, John A., e. Jan. 6, 1862. 
Traul. A. B., c. Feb. 28. 1862, died March 22. i^>2. 
Wallace, Geo. W.. e Oct. 24, 1862, wd, at Shiloh. 
Williams, Wm. II 11., c. Oct. i. 1862. wd. at Shiloli 

and Corinth. 
Warren, Lewis, e. Nov. 10, 1861, wd. at Corinth, disd. 

Feb. 2,V 1863. 
Walker, Wm. H., e. Oct. i, 1861. vet. Jan. i, 1S64, w.l. 

at .Xtlanla. 
Wycoff. Hazel, e, Feb, 20, 1862, disd. July 7, 1862. 

at Corinth, 
Winkler. John W., c. Oct. i. 1861. kid. at Shiloh. 
Ketcham. Jacob, c. Feb. 25, 1862, died May 23, 1862, 

of wds. at Shiloh. 
Hammond, T. W.. e, Sept. 20, 1861, wd. at Shiloh, 

trans, for promotion in 1st Miss. .\rt. Oct. 23, 1863. 

1 68 


llcndrcn. \Vm.. c. Jan i. l86j. died May 28. 1862. 


[N'oTE— 7"/ii.s rcj;iiitciil was iiiuslcri'd out at Louis- 
ville, July -'.5. 'S6s.] 

Comj^aiiy C. 

First Lieut. Win. J. McCormick, e. as scrgt.. printd. 2d 
lieut. July 17. 1863. prmtd. ist lieut. July 23. 1863, 
resd. Jan. 29. 1864. 

Corp. Jas. J. Block, c. March 10. 1862. \vd. at Mis- 
sionary Ridge. 

Corp. Samuel J. Myers, e. March 9. 1862, vet. March 
18, 1864. captd. at Tilton, Ga. 

Bescoc, Henry, e. March 15. 1862. disd. Oct. 16. 1862, 

Bescoc. Jos., e. March 5. 1862, vet. March 18. i8'34. 
captd. at Tilton. Ga. 

Barnctt. T. R.. e. Oct. 27. 1863. 

ll<rp. Edmund, e. March 5. 1862. 

Mycis, Jas.. e. March 7. 1862. captd. at Tilton. Ga. 

Coinl^auy D. 

Capt. John !•'. Skelton. e. as sergt.. prmtd. ist lieut. 

Dec. II. 1862. captd. and wd. at Jackson. Miss., 

prmtd. capt. Feh. 11. 1864. captd. at Tillon, Ga , 

com. subs. U. S. V. Jan. 23. 1865. 
Second Lieut. Nicholas Lunkley. c. as sergt.. [irmtd. 2d 

lieut. July 30. 1865. m. o. as 2d sergt. 
Belknap. P.. e. March 2^. 1862. vet. ALirch 28. 1864, 

Bollinger. P. II.. e. March iS. 1862. vet. March 20. 

1864. captd. at Tilton. G;\. 
Flower. John. c. March 14. 1862. 

Lotsspeich. (Ico. H.. e. March 10. 1862. wd. at Mis- 
sionary Ridge, captd. at Tillon. Ga. 
McCain. Hugh L.. e. March 18. 1862. vet. March 18, 

1864. capt. at Tilton. Ga. 
McCain. R. M.. c. Feb. 4. 1864. 

Morrow. F. M.. e. March 18. 1862. captd. at Tilton. Ga. 
Wulford. II. W.. c. March 21. 1862. 
Ralph. Davil. e. March 17. 1862. vet. March 25. 1864. 
Stevens. W. \\'.. e. March 18. 1862. captd. at Tilton. Ga. 
Thompson. F. M.. c. Feb. 5. 1862. wd. at Champion 

H:11s. caplil. at Tillon, Ga. 
Thompson. Jas. .\.. e. March 5. 1862. 
'J'nrner. W'm.. e. March 12, 1862. Uld. at battle of 

Champion Hills. 

Wcllen. Phillip, e. March 12, 1862. vet. March 30, 
1864, captd. at Tilton, Ga. 

Coiiifaiiy E. 

Capt. Thomas Ping. com. April 5. 1862. captd. at Tilton, 

Ga., m. o. April 14, 1865. term expired. 
Capt. Wm. F. Johnson, prmtd. 2d lieut. from sergt. 

Feb. 7, 1863, prmtd. 1st lieut. June 3. 1863. prmtd. 

capt. June 17, 1865. 
First Lieut. Andrew J. Baker, com. March 13. 18O2, 

resd. Jan. 20. 1863. 
First Lieut. Amziah Hull. com. 2d lient. .\pril 5, 

1862. prmtd. 1st lieut. Jan. 21. 1863, resd. June 3, 

First Lieut. Cincinnalus F. Graves, prmtd. ist lieut. 

from sergt.. wd. at Corinth and X'ickslnirg. June 

30. 1865, m. o. as sergt. 
Second Lieut. Milton L. Godley. prmtd. 2d lieut. from 

sergt.. wd. at luka, June 3. 1863. captd. at Tilton, 

Ga.. bon. disd. March 12. 1865. 
Second Lieut. J. II. Hamilton, prmtd. 2d lieut. from 

sergt. July i. 1865, m. o. as sergt. 
Sergt. Andrew Huddleston, e. March 4. 1862. died Jan. 

24, 1864, at Keokuk. 
Sergt. Wm. Walker, e. March ii. 1S62. wd. at luka, 

disd. Oct. 2. 1862. disab. 
Sergt. Robert Miller, c. March 11. 1862, wd. atMis- 

sionary Ridge, disd. March 27. 1865. 
Sergt. Ambrose Warrcu. c. March 3, 1862. disd. Dec. 

1 1, 1862. 

Sergt. Elias Shearer, c .March 10. 1862. vet. March 

12, 1864. captd. at Tillon, Ga. 

Sergt. H. C. Haydock. e. March 4, 1862. captd. at 

Tilton. Ga. 
Sergt. B. Shearer, e. March 10. 1S62. Uld. at battle of 

Missionary Ridge. 
Sergt. Henry Segur. e. March 3. 1862. died at Corinth. 
Sergt. Wm. F. Hamilton, e. March 25, 1862. vet. March 

27, 1864, captd. at Tilton, Ga. 
Sergt. Wm. F. Johnson, e. March 8, 1862. 
Sergt. G. M. Cowger. e. March 10. 1862. wd. at Jack- 
son. Miss., disd. Nov.. 1863. 
Corp. Jas. W. Eugart. e. March 24, 1862, disd. Jan. 

17. 1863, disab. 
Corp. Wm. McCleasc, e. Feb. 27. 1862, vet. March :;, 

Corp. Kli W. Myers, e. Feb. 28, 1862. disd. Dec. 10. 1862. 
Corp. Benj. H Schooler, e. March 18. 1862. wd. -it 

luka. disd, April 3, 1863. 



Corp. John G. I);ill. c. Maixli 17, 1S6.'. wd. at Mis- 
sionary Ridge. 

Corp. David Slanton. c. Maroli 3, iS6j. capld. al Til- 
ton, (ia. 

Corp. G. R. C. Holbert. c. Feb. 2S. 1862. wd. at Jack- 
son. Mis.s.. trans, to Inv. Corps Nov. 11. i86,v 

Corp. Isaac T. Newell, e. March 27. i86_', kid. at Jack- 
son. Miss. 

Corp. Wni. I. Hanks, e. March iS. 186.'. disd. Sept. 
27, 1862. 

Corp. Geo. M. Shearer, e. March 10, 1862. wd. at Mis- 
sionary Ridge, vet. March 12. 1864. capld. at Til- 
ton, Ga. 

Alderson. Curtis, e. March 8. 1862. vet. March 10, 
1864. captd. at Tilton. (ja. 

Burris. John. c. March 26, 1862. 

Barber. Robert, e. March 7. 1862. 

Biby. J. F.. e. March 13. 1862. 

Chapman, J. T., e. March 14, 1862, wd. at Corinth, 
drowned at Mound City. 111. 

Conley. Philip, e. March 11, 1862, disd. Sept. 3. 1862. 

Conley, R. R., c. March 11. 1862. 

Campbell, S. N.. c. March 15. 1862. 

Carpenter, G. B.. e. March 26. 1862, disd. Feb. i, 1863. 

Dixon, W. H., e. March 11, 1862, disd. Dec. 10. 1862. 

Deatherage. J. M.. c. March 28. 1862, disd. Dec. 8. 1862. 

Deatherage, J. W., e. March 28. 1862. 

Decker, John, e. March 26. 1862, disd. Jan. 18. 1863. 

Decker, Adam, e. March 26, 1862. disd. March 11, 1863. 

Davis. Friend, e. March 28, 1862, disd. Nov. 26, 1863. 

Fulton, Moses, e. March 13, 1862, Dec. 8, 1862, | 

Goe. B. P.. e. March 11. 1862. disd. Jan. 29, 1863. 

Green. J. T., e. March 11. 1862. captd. at Tilton, Ga. 

Gregsby, J. M., e. Feb. 25, 1862, disd. June 25. 1862. 

Gregsby, W. L., c. Feb. 28, 1862, died at Corinth. 

Golady, Brunson, e. March 4, 1862, disd. June 10, 1863. 

Headley. J. V.. e. March 11. 1862, died at Corinth. 

Headley, .X. J., e. March 11. 1862. wd. al Inka. <lisd. 
March 8. 1863. 

Hazelitt. W. H.. e. March 17. 1862, vet. March 20, 1864. 

Hornback, H., e. March 17, 1862, disd. June 19, 1862. 

Hilton, J. K.. e. March i, 1862, wd. at Mission 
Ridge, captd. at Tilton, Ga. 

Hamilton, J, H.. e. March 10, 1862. vet. March 12. 1864. 

Kimpson, H., e. March i, 1862. disd. Sept. 24, 1862, 

Long. S. T., c. Feb, 28. 1862. disd. June 10. 1862. j 

Munroe, James A., e. Feb. 10, 1862, wd. at Corin;li. I 
died Oct. 5. 1862. 

Myers. George H.. c. March 3. 1862. 

I'riest, M. G., e. Feb. 28, 1862, captd. at Tilion. I, a. 
Plielps, Josiah, e. March 10, 1862, captd. at Tilton, Ga. 
I'.-irkluirst, J. S., e. March 10. 1862, wd. at hika. died 

Sept. 25, 1862. 
Parsons, A. J., e. March 20, 1862, disd. Sept. 3, 1862. 
Parker. J. C, e. March 20. i8()2, disd. Sept. 24, 1862, 

Parks, .'\ustin, e. March 3, 1862, disd. Aug. ig, 1862. 
Ream. A. W., e. March 11. 1862, wrl. at luka. disd. 

June 2, 1863. 
Rusluon. Byam. c. Marcli 17. 1862, wd. at Jackson. 

Redman, William, e. March 18, 1862. disd. 
Sullivan. John, e. March i. 1862, captd. at Tilton, Ga. 
Searle, George D., e. March r, 1862. disd. Jan. 31, 

1863, disab. 

Shaw, L. W.. e. March 4. 1862. 

Shaw. James N.. e. March 4, 1862, disd. Aug. 12, 1862. 

Shearer, .-Vrtcmus, e. Dec. 24. 1863. 

Smith, John C, c. .March 11. 1862, disd. Aug. 6. 1862. 

Stephenson. John C. c. March 18. 1862. disd. Jan h 

Stephenson. W"., e. .March 17. 1,862, disd. Jan. 6. iS6.^ 
Stephenson, A., e. March 25, 1862, disd. June 2, 1863. 
Wilson, William H., e. March i, 1862. 
Wilson, George M.. e. March 4. 1862, disd. Oct. 17, 1862. 
Williams. R. E.. e. March 7. 1862, wd. at Inka. 
Wolf. II. C. wd. at Corinth, disd. May 7, 1863. 

CiiiHl^iiiiy F. 

Shawl. G. L.. e. March 2S. 1862. 

Coiii/'aiiy I. 

Elrick. Thomas J., e. March 24. 1862, vet. March 25, 

1864, captd. al Tilton. Ga. g 
Starkey, Charles, e. March 17. 1862. wd. at Jackson, 

Miss,, kid. at Mission Ridge. 
Mann. Mark, e. March 26. 1862. vet. March 30, 1864. 


Whitehead, Jesse. 


|.\oTE, — This regiment tiuis muslcrcd out al Lilllc 
Rock-. Ark:. July 20. /iY).-;.) 

.-\d|t. Elias J. Pike, c. as sergl. maj.. prnitd. adjt. Muy 
14, 1864. 



C CI fit f any D. 

Second Lieut. Jno. J. Lantncr, c. as corp. July 12, 

1862, prmtd. 2d licMt. July i, 1865. 
First Scrgt. Lewis Godfrey, c. June 20. 1862. 
Sergt. \Vm. M. McDowell, c. June 18, 1862, captd. 

at Poison Spring, Ark. 
Musician M. M. Lane, e. July 12. 1862. 
Applegate, John, c. July 22, 1862, disd. Feb. 23. 1863. 
Allison, Chas. T., e. July 7, 1862, disd. Jan. 19, 1865. 
Bon, A., c. July 20, 1862. 
Work, Jas., e. June 29. 1862, Feb. 23. 1863. 

Company F. 

Capt. W'ni. H. Evans, com. Aug. S, 1862, resd. Feb. 

27. 1803. 
Capt. John .A. Billzen. e. as sergt. July 7. 1862, prmtd. 

1st licut. Aug. 18. 1862. prnitd. capt. March 4. 1864. 
First Lieut. Jacob C. Millisack. c. as private July 7, 

1862, printd. 1st licut. March 4, 1864. ni. o. as sergt. 

May 29, 1865. 
First Licut. Zaddock Oldham, e. as corp. July 7, 1862, 

prnitd. 1st lieut. July I, 1865. m. o. as ist sergt. 
Second Lieut. Henry C. Nosier, com. .Aug. 5, 1862, 

resd. Nov. 18, 1862. 
Second Lieut. Wui. P. Brodrick, c. as scrgl. July 7. 

1862, pruud. 2d licut. Nov. ig, 1862, res. June 26. 

Sergt. Samuel Brecse. c. July 7. ■862, disd. June 30, 

1864, lor promotion 2d .-Vrk. Inf. 
Sergt. James Davis, e. July 7. 1862, disd. Jan., 1863, 

Corp. Woodford Catlin. e. July 7. 1862, disd. April 9, 

Musician Thaddeus Stewart, e. July 7. 1862, disd. Feb. 

19, 1S63. 
Allen, James, e. July 7, 1862. 
Boak, Wm. D., e. July 7, 1862. 

Baker, Jos., e. July 7. 1862, disd. Jan. 20, 1863, disab. 
Brown, H. H., c. July 7, 1862. 
Campbell, R. W.. e. July 7. 1862. 
Crane, Jas. M., c. July 7, 1862. 
Clear. Geo. W.. e. July 7, 1862. 
Crank, H. H., e. July 7, 1862. 
Davenport, H., e. July 19, 1862. 
Hoit. 11.. V. July 7, 1862. captd. at Camden. Ark. 
Hill. T. J., e. July 7, 1862, died Nov. 5, 1862. 
Jordan. John, e. July 7, 1862. disd. .April 5, 1863, disab. 
Kales, Tho-i., e. July 7, 1862, disd. Jan., 1863, disab. 

Pyatt. Morgan, e. July 7, 1862, drowned near Van 

Burcn, Ark. 
Pike, Elias J., e. July 7, 1862. wd. at Springfield, Mo. 
Stevens, Jas., e. July 7, 1862. 
Thompson, Jas., e. July 7, 1862. 
Ware, Wm. S., e. July 7, 1862. 
White, Olcott. e. July 7, 1862, died Dec. 22, 1862. 
Wilson, Alfred, e. July 7, 1862, disd. Feb. 13, 1863, 

Weese, Samuel, c. July 7. 1862. 

Company K. 

Second Licut. Daniel Henshaw, e. as sergt. July 7, 

1862, prnitd. 2d lieut. Aug. 6, 1862, res. ;\Iarch 25, 

Sergt. Homer C. Gibbs, e. July 22, 1862, wd. at Poisoir 

Spring, died in rebel camp at Camden, Ark. 
Corp. James McDonald, c. July 7. 1862, disd. Jan. 

19. 1863. disab. 
Brown, A., c. July 7, 1862. 

Dennis, Gabriel, e. July 25, 1862, died Jan. i. 1863. 
Durant, A. F., e. July 25, 1862. 
Maring, Jacob, e. July 22, 1862. 
Michael, Chas. A., e. July 22,. 1862. 
Pimmogar. Peter, e. June 7, 1862. 


[Note.— r/i/i- rc^imcnl xi'iij mustered out at Sa- 
vaniuih. Ga.. July 2j. [S6y.] 

Lieut. Col. Ephraim G. White, e. as ist licut. Co. E, 
Sept. 9, 1862. prnitd. capt., maj., then lieut. col. 
May 6, 1864, wd. at Winchester. 

Com/taiiy E. 

Capt. Hiram C. Humbert, com. Sept. 9. 1862, res 

29. 1S63. 
Capt. Benj. D. Parks, com. 2d licut. Sept. 9. 

prmtd. 1st licut. Jan. 30, 1863. prmtd. capt. 

10. 1863, kid. in battle of Winchester. 
Capt. Edward J. Dudley, e. as sergt. Aug. 4. 

prmtd. 2d lieut. Jan. 30, 1863. printd. ist 

June 10. 1863, prmtd. capt. Oct. i, 1864, w 

Cedar Creek. 
First Lieut. Geo. D. Ulrich. e. as sergt. Aug. 8. 

prmtd. 2d licut. June 10, 1863, prmtd. 1st 

Oct. 1. 1864, wd. at Cedar Creek. 

. Jan. 


d. at 




Second Lieut. Samuel Day. e. as private Aug. i8. 

i86j, prnitd. 2d lieut. July i. 1863, ni. o. as scrgt. 
Sergt. L. M. Godley. e. .Aug. 6. i86j, \vd. at Vicksl)urg, 

disd. Sept. 4, 1863. 
Sergt. Wm. E. Goe, e. Aug. 8. 1862, disd. June 16, 

1863. disab.. died at St. Louis July 8. 1863. 
Sergt. Thos. M. Wilcoxen. e. Aug. 6. 1862, disd. Sept. 

4, 1863. 

Sergt. O. J. Shoemaker, e. Aug. 6. 1862. \vd. at Cedar 
Creek, disd. Feb. 6, 1865. 

Sergt. \V. J. Warren, e. Aug. 9. 1862. \vd. at Win- 
chester, disd. Jan. 25, 1865, disab, 

Corp. Mattliew Walker, e. .Vug. 8. 1862. captd, at \'ick>- 
burg, died there June 5. 18C3. 

Corp. Josiah B. Goodall, e. Aug. 6. 1862. 

Corp. Geo. Giltner, e. Aug. 4, 1862, \vd. at Vicksburg, 
died May 23, 1863. 

Corp. Jas. A. Reeve, e. .\ug. 6. 1862. disd. ^L^rcl^ 27. 
1865. disab. 

Corp. J. B. Gardner, e. Aug. 8. 1S62. captd. at Win- 

Corp. Benj. T. RatclifF, e. .Aug. 11, 1862. 

Corp. Jno. Giltner, e. .Aug. 7, 1862, \vd. at Cedar 
• Creek, disd. May 26. 1865. 

Corp. Jas. A. Rancy. e Aug. 9, 1862, kid. at Vicksburg. 

Corp. Benj. F. Pickerel, e. .Aug. 7, 1862. captd. at 

Corp. W. J. Slalcup. e. -Aug. 7. 1862. captd. at Win- 

Corp. F. W. Myers, e. -Aug. 7, 1862, disd. Dec. 12, 1862. 

Musician W. S. Bartholamew, e. Aug. 2, 1862. 

Musician Alex. Giltner, c. .Aug. 6, 1862, disd. Feb. 37. 

1864. disab. 

Wagoner, Martin F. Andrew, c. .Aug. 4. 1862, disd. 
March 6, 1863, disab. 

Anderson, Thos.. e. Aug. 8, 1862, captd. at Winchester. 

Anderson, Jas. M.. e. .Aug. 6, 1862, \vd. at Vicks- 
burg, captd. at Winchester. 

Arnold, Chas. T., e. .Aug. 8, 1862. 

Archer, H. H.. e. .Aug. 5, 1862, kid. at V'icksburg. 

Brooks, Jno, C, c. .Aug, 7, 1862. wd. \'icksburg. 

Bedell, D. E.. e. Aug. 8, 1862, disd. Jan. 22, 1863, disab. 

Blewer, Isaac, e. .Aug. 5, 1862, wd. an<l died at Vicks- 
• burg. 

Brower. David, e. .Aug. 18, 1862, disd. June 5, 1863. 

Butler, John. e. .Aug. 6, 1862, wd. at Vicksburg. 

Bycrs, S. C, e. .Aug. 11, 1862, wd. at Winchester. 

Crow, Jno. M., c. Aug. 7, 1862. 

Chamberlain, A. L.. e. .Aug. 18, 1862, wd. at Vicksburg. 

Consolver, .Allen, c. .Aug. 2, 1862. 

Cade, A. F., e. .Aug. 11, 1862. 

Davis, Moses, c. Aug. 7, 1862. 

Defew, Jos. M., c. Aug. 8, 1862. 

Donnelson, .Adam, e. .Aug. 18, 1862. 

Forrest. Jas. B., e. .Aug. 15. 1862. 

Forrest. John, e. .Aug. 5, 1862. 

Farnsworth, B.. e. .Aug. 4, 1862. 

Fuqua, S. A., e. July 26, 186^. 

Guy, Wm. F,, e. .Aug. 7. 1862, died at Keokuk Xov, 

16. 1863. 
Green, .A. H., e. .Aug 8. i8ri2, kid. at Vicksburg. 
Giltner, Parker, e. .Aug. 8, 1862. 
Garrison, S. S., e. .Aug. 2, 1862, wd. and died at Pt. 

Hondyshell, Wm. .A., e. .Aug. 9, 1862. 
Hayncs, Isaac, e. .Aug. 2, 1862. 
Hale. B. F„ c. .Aug. 9, 1862, died Dec. 16. 1862, at 

Rolla. Mo. 
Jennings, Jos. W.. e. .Aug. 6, 1862, captd. at Cedar 

Jones, Orlando, e. .Aug. 7. 1862. 

King. Cyrus D., e. .Aug. 6, 1862, disd. July 15, 1864. 
Krinebrouk. Wm.. c. .Aug. 7, 1862, died Xov. 30, 1863. 
Kackly, Chas R., e. .Aiig. 7. 1862. wd. at Vicksburg 

and Cedar Creek, disd. Jan. 5, 1865, wds. 
Lain. Samuel D., e. .Aug. 6, 1862, wd. at Winchester. 
Lockwood, C. L'., e. .Aug. 8. 1862. disd. Jan. 26. 1863, 

Leggelt. Chas., e. .Aug. 7. 1862. 
Lively, E. W., c. .Aug. 8. 1862. wd. at Cedar Creek, 

died .April 3, 1865. 
Lynch. E. F., e. .Aug. 14, 1862. died at X'icl-I.iiif 
Ma.son, Jos. E., e. .Aug. 10, 1862, 
Motes, N.. e. .Aug. 6, 1862, wd. at Winchester. * 
-Mahon, Wm. .A., e. .Aug. 18, 1862, wd. at Winchester. 
Motes, John, e. .Aug. 7, 1S62, wd. at Cedar Creek. 
Myers, .A., e. .Aug. 8. 1862. captd. at Cedar Creek. 
McCoy. John W.. e. .Aug. 9, 1862, wd. at Winchester. 
Morris, M. S., e. .Aug. 8, 1862, disd. June 19, 1863, disab. 
Macklin, Geo. C. e. Aug. 8. 1862, wd. at W'inchester. 
Macklin, .A., c. Aug. 6. 1862. wd. at Winchester, disd. 

Jan. 5, 1865. 
Magee, .A., e. .Aug. 9. 1862. kid. at battle of Vicksburg. 
McDaniels, Isaac, c. .Aug. 8, 1862. 
McDcinald. J . e. -Aug. 5. 1862. wd. ami captd. at Cedar 

Matter, Peter, e. .Aug. 15. 1862. 



Prksl. J. A., c. Aug. 7. i8<>J. (lied Oct. 10. 18O2. 
Parkhursl. M. M.. e. Aug. 18. 1862. v.d. al Vicksburg. 

did May .'6. 1862, 
Porter, Jas.. c. Aug. 5. 1862. wd. at Winclicstcr. 
Ray, Samuel, e. Aug. 6, 1862, died at Camp Chola, La. 
Robinson, Jos,, e. Aug. 6. 1862, disd. Dec. 12, 1862. disab 
Robinson, Jas. G.. e. Aug. 6, 1862, died at Vicksburg. 
Rush, \V. K., c. Aug. 18, 1862. died at Vickslnirn 
Reeve, Wni., e. .Aug. 7. 1862. 
Roberts. Jas. T.. e. .Aug. 9. 1862, trans, to Inv. Corps 

Nov. 30. 1863. 
Stalcup, H. G.. e. Aug. 9. 1862. wd. and captd. at 

Stalcup, John, e. .\ug. 9. 1862. kid. at battle of \"icks- 

Shoemaker. E. C. e. .-Vug. 9. 1862. captd. at Cedar 

Creek, died .\pril 10. 1865. 
Stewart. A., e. Aug. 9. 1862. disd. July 15. 1863. disab. 
Snyder. Harman. c. Aug, 18, 1862, wd. at Vicksburg. 

died there July 9. 1863. 
Turner. A. \V.. c. Aug. 8. 1862. kid. at \'icksl)urg. 
Taylor. Jos. H.. e. .Aug. 6. 1862. wd. at Vicksburg. 

May J2 and July 12. 
Thompson. F., c. .-Vug. 18. 1862. 

Wright. John H.. e. .Aug. 8, 1862, disd. Sept. 22. 1864, 
Weir, James W.. c. Aug. 8. 1862. trans, to Signal 

Corps Sept. 7, i86,v 
Wiley, Jas. F., e. .Aug. 6. 1862, captd. at Cedar Creek, 

died at .Annapolis. Md. 
Webb. Henry, c. .Aug. 11. 1862. captd. at Wincbostcr. 
White. John L.. e. .Aug. 8. 1862. died at X'icksburg. 
Yaryan. Win. B.. e. .Aug. 8. 1862. I 



I .Vote. — I liis rcgiiiicnl 'lCus inuslcrcd oul at Dinall's 
Bluff, Ark.. Auniist 2.\. /A'65. | \ 

Col. Chas. W. Kitnx-dgc. com. -Aug. 10, 1862. j 

Maj. Thos. C. Woodward, com. Seiit. 5, 1862. res. June 

2. i86.^ 
Maj. .A. H. Hamilton, com. adjt. Sept. [-. 1862. prmtd. 

maj. June 3, 1863, captd. at Mark's Mills, .\rk., 

escaped July 2},. 1864. 
Surg. Colin G. Strong, com. asst. surg. Sept. 16. 1862, 

prmttt siirg. Jan 4, 1865, j 

Adjt. Stephen K. MaJKm, e. as sergt, maj. .Aug. 14, I 

1862. prmtd. adjt. June 3, 1863, captd. at Mark's i 

Mills. Ark. I 

Q. M. Stevens W. Merrill, com. Oct. i. 1862. 

Com. Scrgt. John C. Parish. Aug. 8. 1862. disd. Jan. 

28. 1865. 
Drum Maj. John M. Simons, e. .Aug. 19. 1862. m. o. 

Dec. 19. 1862. 
Fife Maj. Philip Keister. c. Aug. 15. 1862, m. o. Dec, 

10. 1862. 

Co)iipa)iy A. 

Belles. Isaac, c. Dec. 25. 1863. kid. at Mark's Mills, 

Livingston. F. G.. e. Dec. 7. 1863. captd. at Mark's Mills. 

Company B. 

Capt. Edmimd L. Joy. com. Oct. 4. 1862. maj. and 

judge advocate. Sept. 15, 1864. 
Capt. Samuel .A. Swiggette. com. ist lieut. Oct. 4, 

1862. prmtd. capt. Dec. 2. 1864. 
First Lieut. Frank L. McNair. e. as sergt. Aug. 4, 

1862, prmtd. 2d lieut. July 30. 1864, prmtd. 1st 

lieut. Dec. 2. 1864 
Second Lieut. J. H. McVey. com. Oct. 4. 1862. captd. 

at Mark's Mills, res. July 29. 1864. 
Second Lieut. John W. WVxhIs. e. -Aug. 4. 1862. prmtd. 

2d lieut. .Aug. 2. 1865. 
First Sergt. .A. N. Barnes, e. .Aug. 4, 1862, disd. May 

7, 1863, disab. 
Sergt. Robert S. Henderson, e, Aug. 9. 1862, disd, 

Feb. 21. 1863, disab. 
Sergt. Thos. R. Cole. e. .Aug. 4, 1862, captd. at Mark's 

Scrgt. Geo. W. Thayer, e. .Aug. 9. 1862. died at 

Sergt. Joseph Warcham, c. .Aug. 4. 1862. died at Little 

Scrgt. Jas. Gaudy, e. .Aug. 11. 1862, captd. at Mark's 

Corp. Daniel Parse, e. .\>ig. 8. 1862. disd. Julv 11, 

1865. disab. 
Corp. .Asaliel Tyrrell, c. .Aug. 9. 1862. trans, to \'. R. 

C. Jan. 17. 1864. 
Corp. Lee J. Michael, c. .Aug. 5. 1862. trans, for i)ro- 

moticm to 4tli .Ark. Col. Inf. Jan. 10. 1864. 
Corp. Benj. F. Chismau, e. .Aug. 9. 1862. captd. at 

Mark's Mills. 
Corp. Jesse I. Mudg. c. .Aug. 2. 1862, disd. Nov. 24, 

1862. disab. 
Corp. Earl Barrow, e. .Aug. 8. 1862. died at Little Rock. 
Corp. John S. Furijc, e. Aug. 2, 1862. 



Corp. SamiK-l H. Harper, c. Aug. 2. 1862, trans, for 

promotion to 4th Ark. Col. Inf.. Jan. 10, 1864. 
Musician James S. McGlassnn, e. Aug. 4. 1862. 
Aycrs. Jolui W.. e. .Vug. 8. 1862. trans, to Marine 

Brigade Jan. 3. 186.3. 
Abcgg. Benj. R. e. Aug. 8. 1862. 
Ault. Jas. P.. e. Aug. 4. 1862. died at Mempliis. 
Belles. John X.. Feb. 25, 1864. | 

Belles. I. .v.. e. Feb. 25. 1864. captd. and kid. at 

Mark's Mills. Ark. 
Barker, Joshua, e. Aug. 4, 1862. 
Barker. William G.. c. Aug. 4. 1862. 
Brown, John \V.. c. Aug. 11. 1862. 
Barnes. John, e. M\g. 8. 1862. captd. at Mark's Mills. 
Bonhani. H.. e. Aug. 1 1 . 1862. 
.Crandall. T. W., c. Feb. 10. 1S64. capld. at Mark's 

Carter. Benj.. e. Aug. 8, 1862, kid. at Mark's Mills. ' 
Case. L. H., e. .\ug. 11. 1862. 
Chisnian. Noj-es, e. .\ug. 9. 1862. \vd. and captd. at \ 

Mark's Mills, died at Memphis. 
Cook, Miles, e. .Aug. 9. 1S62. 
Custer, Willis X., c. Aug. 11, 1862. 
Clark, John W., e. .Aug. 8. 1862. captd. at Mark's 

Derby. Wni. C. e. Feb. 25. 1864. captd. at Mark's 

Derby. O. A., e. Aug. 8. 1862. 
Daneton. Wm., c. .\ug. 8. 1862, disd. FcIi. 7, 186,3. 

Derby. Xelson. c. .Aug. 8. 1862. captd. at Mark's Milh. 
Pent. H. K.. e. March 9. 1864. died at Little Rock. 
Fcnt. Jas. R.. e. .\ug. 8. 1862. \vd. and captd. at Mark's 

Finley. James H., e. Aug. 11. 1862. wd. and captd. at 

Mark's Mills, disd. April 17. 1865, wds. 
Gates. Levi. e. ,\ug. 9. 1862, wd. and captd. at Mark's 

Garlinhouse, L., e. .Aug. 8, 1862, trans, to \'. R. C. Jan. 

17. 1864. 
Good. Ashford. .Xng. 8. 1862. disd. Jan. 21. 1863. 

Good. Daniel, e. .Aug. 8. i8ti2. captd. at Mark's Mills. 
Howard. Geo., e. .Aug. 8. 1862, died Oct. 8. 1862, at 

Kline. John P.. e. Feb. 10, 1864. 
Harsin. Jas. V.. e. .Aug. 4, 1862, disd. May 4. 186.3, 

Kent. H. W.. c. Feb. 10. 1864, kid. at Mark's Mills. 
Johnston, Wm.. e. .Aug. 9, i8()2. 

Jones, John M.. c. .Aug. g. 1862, disd. Nov. 17, i8'').3. 
Kirkpatrick. D. W.. e. Feb. to, 1864, kid. at Mark's 

Kendall. Thos.. e. .Aug. 8. 1862. disd. March 12. 1863, 

Kirkpatrick, H. K.. c. I-cIi. 10. 1864. 
Kirk, James, e. .Aug. 11. 1864, trans, to Inv. Corps 

-April 30, 1864. 
Lannian. J., e. Jan. 4. 1864. 
Lyon, Jas. H.. e. March 23. 1864. 
McMahill. J. W.. e. .Aug. 8, 1862. 
Major. Jas. S.. e. Dec. 10. 1863. captd. at Mark's Mills. 
McCormick. T. J., e. .Aug. 8. 1862. wd. and captd. 

at Mark's Mills. 
McGrew, J. F., e. Jan 4. 1864. 
McGasson. Geo. B.. e. .Aug. 4, 1862. 
McKown. H.. e. .Aug. 11. 1862, disd. Feb. 13. 1863. 

Merrman. M. D., e. .Aug. 11. 1862, disd. Jan. 13. 1863, 

McKown, F., e. .Aug. 11, 1862. 
Olney. Geo. W., e. Feb. 10, 1864. captd. at .Mark's 

Oswald. Jacob, e. .Aug. 9. 1862. 
Pence, John, e. Feb. 10. 1864, wd. and captd. at Mark's 

Pratt, H. A., c. Aug. 3. 1862. captd. at Mark's Mills. 
Pollock. I. H.. e. Feb. 10. 1864. captd. at Mark's Mills. 
Peters. Thos.. e. .Aug. 8, 1862, disd. March 6. 1863, 

Ruhel. M. K. S.. c. Feb. to. 1864. captd. at Mark's 

Parsons. G. W.. e. Aug. 11, 1862, died at Helena, .Ark. 
Rubel. J. W.. c. Feb. 10. 1864, wd. and captd. at Mark's 

Radcr. S. I., e. Aug. 8. 1862. disd. Feb. 5. 186* disab. 
Recce. C. W.. e. Feb. 10, 1864. captd at Mark's .Mills. 
Reading. C. W.. e. .Aug. 8. 1862. 
Ruble. M. E. S.. e. .Aug. 4, 1862, trans, to Marine 

Brigade Feb. 9. 1863. 
Riley. Wni. P.. e. .Aug. 4. 1862. captd. at Mark's Mills. 
Smith. C. H., e. Feb. 20. 1864, wd. and captd. at Mark's 

Smith. Jno. H.. c. .Aug. 8, 1862, died at Helena. .Ark. 
Silvey. .A. L.. e. Aug. 11, 1862. captd. at Mark's Mills. 
Stevenson. .A., e. .Aug. 9, 1862, captd. at Mark's Mills. 
Scott. W. H. II.. c. Aug. 7, 1862, captd. at Mark's 

Tinsley, P. R. S., e. .Aug. 8, 1862. disd. Jime 27, 186.;, 



'liirpni. 1). :i . c. Aug. 8. l862, died at Little Rock. 
Thompson, C, c. Jan. 5, 1864. 
Wood. Jnc. c. Aug. 8. i86j. died at Helena. Ark. 
West. J.-1C0I). c. .'\iig. 8, 1862, captd. at Mark's Mills. 
Wesllake, F. M.. e. .\ug. 7. 1862. disd. Jan. S, 186.I, 

Wellmnn. Jno. S.. e. Aug. 2. 1862. disd. Feb. 9. 186.3, 

West. VVm., e. Jan. 18. 1864. captd. at Mark's Mills. 

died at Camp Ford. Texas. 
Waggcnncr. G.. e. Aug. 11. 1862. 

CiDiil^aiiy n. 

Capt. Thos. B. Hale. com. Oct. 4. 1862. captd. ,1 

Mark's Mills, died while prisoner. 
Capt. Charles Birnhauni. com. 2d licul. Oct. 4. 1802. 

captd. at Mark's Mills. Ark., prtntd. capt. Doc. 

20. 1864. 
First Lieut. Ripley Baylies, com. Oct. 4. 1862. 
Second Lieut. Simeon Liggett, e. as ist sergt. .\ug. 2. 

1862. prmtd. 2d lieut. Dec. 20. 1864. 
Sergt. Bcnj. F. Marts, e. At'g. 15. 1862. 

Sergt. Jesse Rarhcr. e. .\ug. 0. 1862. died at Little Rock. 

Sergt. Minos Miller, e. .Aug. 14. 1862. 

Sergt. H. Underwood, e. -Aug. 12. 1862. captd. at 
Mark's Mills. 

Corp. John H. Sutfin. e. .Aug. 4, 1862. 

Corp. Wni. L. Palmer, e. Nov. 20. 1S62. captd. at Mark's 

Corp. Geo. W. Xicely. e. .Xug. 5. 1862. kid. at Mark's 

Corp. P. J. Ajidrus. e. Aug. 9. 1862. trans, for pro- 
motion 4th .Ark. Cav. Jan. 9. 1864. 

Cor|). Richard Hobson. e. .\i'g. 12. 1862. disd. Feb. 14. 

1863. disal). 

Corp. Peter Stnber. .Aug. 9. 1862. wd. and captd. at 

Mark's Mills, died at Little Rock. 
Corp. Thos. West. e. Aug. 15. 1862. captd. at Mark's 

Corp. Francis M. Doffleniyer. e. Aug. 11, 1862, captd. 

at Mark's Mills. 
Corp. C. C. .'\ndrus. e. /Vug. 9, 1862, died on Yazoo 

River April 8. 1863. 
Musician B. R. Shipley, e. Aug. 5. 1862. 
Musician Jos. Peach, e. -Aug. 13. 1862. captd. at Mark s 

Wagoner J. B. Morgan, e. .Aug. 4. 1862. 
Amos. Wm.. c. July 24, 1862, captd. at Mark's Mills. 
Amos. (ieo.. e. .Aug. 15. 1862. 

.Vl)ram. Lsaac. e. Aug. 14, 1862. 
Archibald. Isaac, e. Aug. 13. 1862. 
Blair. J. M.. e. Aug. 15. 1862. 

Blair. G. W.. c. Aug. 15. 1862. captd. at Mark's Mills. 
Croell. J. W. M., e. .Aug. 12, 1862, died Dec. 2, 1862. 
Cochran. .A. J., e. Aug. 15. 1862. disd. .Aug. 3. 1863. 
Crane. F. M., e. Aug. 12, 1862, captd. at Mark's Mills. 
Campbell, L., e. Aug. 4, 1862, captd. at Helena and at 

Mark's Mills. 
Crook. Andrew, e. Aug. 9. 1862, captd. at Mark's Mills. 
DofHemeycr, J. D.. c. Feb. 29. 1864. captd. at Mark's 

Fox. Dixon, e. .Aug. t:, 1862. died Feb. 8. 1863. at St. 

Foster, Robert, e. Aug. 11. 1862. 
Foster. J. S.. Aug. 9. 1862. captd. at Mark's Mills. 
Free. Jacob, e. Aug. 11. 1862. 
French. F. .A., e. .Ai!g. 12, 1862. 
Gushway. D,. e. Feb. 17. 1864. captd. at Mark's Mills, 

died at Camden. .Ark. 
Gordon. B. F.. e. .Aug. 11. 1862. captd. at Mark's Mills. 
Gray, D. F.. c. Aug. 11. 1862. 

Gray. J. S.. e. -Aug. 11, 1862, captd. at Mark's Mills. 
Hamakcr, J. W.. e. March 30. 1864. 
Hendrix. S.. e. March 29. 1864. captd. at Murk's Mills. 
Hughes. A. E.. e. March 26. 1864. 
Hodges, J. T.. e. Aug. 15. 1862. 
Johnson, H. C. c. March 30. 1864. 
Jones. .Alexander, e. Jan. 5. 1864. 
Jones, .A., e. Dec. 29, 1863. captd. at Mark's Mills. 
Kcrman, M., c. Nov. 4, i86i. died at Little Rock. 
Knox. Leonard, e. Aug. 11, 1862; captd. at Mark's Mills. 
Kirfman. W. P.. e. .Aug. 14. 1862. died at Shell Mound, 

Kirfman, A. G.. e. March 30. 1864. 
Kavanagh. James, e. Aug. 21, 1862, captd. at Mark's 

Little, C. E., e. .Aug. 2. 1862. captd. at Mark's Mills, 

disd. June 8, 1865, di.sab. 
Lower, M., e. Jan. 4, 1864. 

Mardes, W. W.. e. Aug. 12, 1862, captd. at Mark's Mills. 
Milford, J. M., e. Marcli 26. 1864. 
Miller. J. H.. e. .Aug. 12. 1862. captd. at Mark's Mills. 
Miller, H. PL. e. -Aug. 15, 1862, captd. at Mark's Mills. 
Morgan. William, e. Jan. 5. 1864. 
Maltoon, James, e. Ai'g. 9, 1862, died at St. T-ouis. 
Myers, G., e. Feb. 29, 1864, captd. at Mark's Mills. 
Meeker, W. T., e. Aug. 15. 1862. 
Myers, D., e. Feb. 20, 1864, captd. at Mark's Mills. 
Myers, Thomas, c. .Aug. 15, 1862. 



Newell, S. H.. e. Nov. 24, 1862. 

Orsbun. Pcrin, e. Aug. i, 1862. 

Pcnick, H. S.. e. Aug. 9, 1862. 

Parish, H., c. .'\ug. 14. 1862, captd. at Mark's Mills. 

Parish, J. C, e. Aug. 8, 1862. 

Robinson, D. H., e. Feb. 8, 1864, eapUl. at Mark's Mills. 

Roberts, Joseph, e. .\ug. 13, i86j, disil. Jan. 27, 1863, 

Reed. Thomas, e. Aug. 15. 1862, died at Helena. .Vrk. 
Real, Henry, e. .\ug. 2, 1862, died at St. Louis. 
Rose, Richard, e. Aug. 9, 1862, died at Keokuk, 
Shipley, Vti. P.. e. .Aug. 13, 1862, died Oct. 21, 1862. 
Secress, Jacob, e. .\ug. 11, 1862, disd. Nov. .^, 1863. 
Stuber, P.. e. .\ug. 9, 1862, disd. March 5. 1863. 
Steel, J. G., e. 15, 1862. 
Thompson, F., e. March 27. 1864. 
True. H. G., e. July 21, 1862, captd. at Mark's .Mills. 
True, G. D.. e. Nov. 24, 1864. 

Tcrhunc, M. V., e. .'\ug. 5, 1862, disd. Feb. 7. '63, disab. 
Varner, H., e. Aug. 15, 1862. captd. at Mark's Mills. 
■Warner, A., e. Aug. 6, 1862, disd. Jan. 29, 1863, disab. 
Warren, Richard, c. Aug. 9, 1862, died at Helena, Ark. 
Williams, J. G., e. Aug. 15, 1862. \vd. and captd. at 

Mark's Mills. 
Way, Asbury, e. .-\ug. 15, 1862. captd. at Mark's Mills. 
Warner. Peter, c. Nov. 4, 1862, \vd. and captd. at Mark's 

Warner. Wm., e. Feb. 29. 1864. died at Little Rock. 

Ccinf'iiiiy n. 

Capt. William Mahon, com. Oct. 4, 1862. 

First Lieut. Richard H. Warden, com. Oct. 4. 1862, 

rcsd. Dec. 3, 1864. 
First Lieut. E., McLean B. Scott, c. as isl sergt. .Xug. 

13, 1862, prmtd. to 2d lieul. Dec. 20, 1862, prmtd. 

to 1st lieut. Jan. 4, 1865. 
Second Lieut. Jacob Houk, com. Oct. 4, 1862, resd. Dec. 

19. 1863. 
Second Lieut. .-Mien A. Smith, e. as sergt. .Vug. 18, 1862, 

prmtd. to 2d lieut. Jan. 4, 1865. 
Sergt. Henry Slaglc, e. .^ug. 12, 1862, captd. at Mark's 

Sergt. J. H. Myers, e. .^ug. 15, t862. 
Sergt. C. R. Minnick, c. .Xug. 13, 1862, disd. Feb. 14, 

1863, disal). 
Sergt. Louis Myers, c. Aug. 18, 1862, \vd. and captd. at 

.Mark's Mills, died May 2, 1864. 
Sergt. George Slagle. e. .-Xug. 13, 1862. 

Corp. 11. L. Thompson, e. .\ug. 12, 1862. 

Corp. Alvin Kindall, e. Aug. 13, 1862, died at Duvall's 

Corp. Elias Parke, c. .\ug. 16, 1862, wd. and captd. at 

Mark's Mills. 
Corp. Frederick Campbell, e. .'Vug. 8, 1862, captd. at 

^L•lrk's Mills. 
Corp. Peter Shearer, e. -•Vug. 18, 1862, captd. at Mark's 

Mills, died at Tyler, Texas, 
Corp. M. E. Jackson, e. Aug. 12, 1862, wd. and captd, 

at Mark's Mills, disd. June 14, 1865. 
Corp. VV'm. O. Chadd, e. .'\ug. 12, 1862, disd. Feb. 5, 

1863, disal). 

Corp. George W. Dennis, e. .\ug. 18, 1862, captd. at 

Mark's Mills. 
Musician Thomas Skinner, e. .\ug. 16, 1862, wd. at 

Yazoo expedition, captd. at Mark's Mills. 
Wagoner James E. Bland, e. Aug. 19, 1862. 
Adcock, H. A., e. Aug. 16. 1862. wd. and captt' at 

Mark's Mills. 
Byerly, Solomon, e. ,\ug. 15, 1862, died at Memphis. 
Butler, William H., e. Aug. 16. 1862. disd. Feb. 20, 

1864, disab. 

Bower, Moses, e. Aug. 15, 1862, disd. Feb. 6, 1863, disab. 
Bevin, Joseph, e. Aug. 21, 1862, captd. at Mark's Mills. 
Beatley, John A., e. Aug. 15, 1862. died at Helena. .Xrk. 
Butler, George, e. Aug. 21, 1862, disd. Feb. 11, 1863. 
Cooper, S. D.. e. Feb. 24, 1864, captd. at Mark's Mills. 
Caldwell. W. H. H., e. Aug. 19, 1862. 
Canon. C. W.. e. Jan. 1, 1864. 
Cooper, George W., e, .\ug. 20, 1862. 
Collins, John J., e. Dec. 25, 1863. 
'I- Campbell, S. W., e. Feb. I, 1864, captd. at Mark's Mills, 

died at Tyler, Texas. 
Chance, John J., e. Aug. 13, 1862, captd. at Mark's Mills. 
Campbell, James H.. c. Aug. 13, 1862, died at ^fFerson 

Barracks, Mo. 
Conn, D. H., e. Aug. 22, 1862. 
Decker, John H., e. Aug. 22, 1862. captd. at ALark's 

Duffee, John, e. Aug. 22, -1862, captd. at Mark's Mills. 
Dennis. John B., e. .Aug. 16. 1862. 
England, John F., e. Aug. 16, 1862. trans, to Inv. 

Corps .\i\g. 30, 1864. 
Fenton, T. W., e. Dec. 13, 1863. wd. and captd. at 

Mark's Mills. 
Gee, Solomon, e. Aug. 13. 1862, die<l Nov. 11, 1862. 
Green, S.. e. Dec. 25, 1863. 
Garrison, .Mouzo, c. Feb. 24, 1864, captd. at Mark's 




Monn. lU'iiry. f. Aug. i-'. 18O2, disd. Dec. 22. 18O4. 

Hale, J., c. Jan. 4. 1864. 
Hill. John W.. e. Aug. 14. 1864. 
Hale. G.. c. Jan. 4. 1864. captd. al Mark's Mills. 
Harness. H.. c. .-Xug. 13. 1862. 
Henderson. John. c. Aug. -'0. 1862. captd. al Mark's 

Hale. H. C. e. Jan. 4. 1864. capld. at Mark's .Mills, 

died at Tyler, Texas. 
Harness. John. e. Aug. 14. 1862. wd. and caplil. : t 

Mark's Mills, disd. Sept. 28, 1864. 
Hale. H.. e. Jan. 4. 1864. captd. at Mark's Mills. 
Jackson. Richard, c. Aug. 16. 1862. captd. at Mark's 

Jackson. Wni. W.. e. .\ug. 14. 1S62. cajitd. at Mark's 

Judson. Charles, e. .Aug. 22. 1862. die<l at Ilek-na. .Vrk. 
Keethler. Alex., c. Aug. 13. 1862. died Oct. 29, 1862. al 

Pt. Isabel. 
Kigar. Joseph, e. -Xug. 18. 1862, uil. and captd. al 

Mark's Mills, died May 7. 1864. 
Kindall. .\braham. e. .Aug. 13. 1862. disd. June 27. 1865. 

Lay. Peter H.. c. Dec. 22. 1863. wd. and captd. at 

Mark's Mills. 
Lorr. M.. e. Jan. 5. 1864. 

Leslie. Jos., e. Feb. 18. 1864, captd. al Mark's Mills. 
Leslie. Wni. H.. c. Feb. 18. 1864. captd. at Mark's Mills. 

kid. at Tyler, Texas. 
Soper, Cud. C, e. .Aug. 22, 1862. 
McMahon, George L., e. .Aug. 22. 1862. captd. at 

Mark's Mills. 
McCallum, T. J., e. Dec. 25. 1863. 
McMullin. John, e. .Aug. 14. 1862. 
Maltbews. Isaac, e. .Aug. 14. 1862. captd. al Mark's 

Mendenball. C. W.. c. .Aug. 22. 1862. disd. June 6. 1865. 
Miller. ]o\m L., c. .Aug. 21. 1862. 

Nelson. J., e. Aug. 22, 1862, captd. at Mark's Mills. 
Pedcn. Jo.s.. e. Aug. 13, 1862, wd. and captd. at Mark's 

Mills, disd. March 13. 1865. disab. 
Phillips. George W., e. .Aug. 18. 1862. wd. and capld. 

at Mark's Mills. 
Parrnll. H. J., e. .Aug. 22. 1862. disd. June 21. 1864, 

Parker, Jas., e. Aug. 18. 1862. disd. March 25, 1863. 

Randall. B. F.. e. Feb. 25, 1864. captd. at Mark's Mills. 
Rupe. I. W., e. Aug. 13. 1862. died at Helena. Ark. 

Skunier. J. B., e. Dec. 25. 1863. 

Shirkey. Darius, e. .Aug. 16. 1862. disd. Dec. 12. '64, 

Shirkey. .A. J., c. Aug. 22. 1862. 
Scully, John C. e. .Aug. 14. 1862. captd. at Mark's 

Sebcrn. John H.. c. .Aug. 22. 1862. 
Stanton. .Andrew, e. .\ug. 18. 1862. captd. at Mark's 

Slu-ffer. John. e. .Aug. 18. 1862. 

Sheffer. Joseph, e. .Aug. 22, 1862. died at Alton Mili- 
tary Prison. III.. Sept. 30. 1863. 
Sheffer, Elias, e. .Aug. 22, 1862, captd. at Mark's Mills. 
Sunmicrloll. Samuel, e. Aiig. 18. 1862. 
Shearer. .Andrew, e. .Aug. 18. 1862. died al Helena. .Ark- 
Sumnierlotl. Jno.. c. .Aug. 19. 1862. 
Thompson. Win. J., e. .Aug. 22. 1862. 
Thompson, Jesse H.. e. -Aug. 20. 1862. captd. at Mark's 

Vcrmelan. J., e. Jan. 11. 1864. wd. at Mark's Mills, disd. 

Xov. 25. 1864. 
Weaver, John, c. .Aug. 14. 1862. died Xov. lo. 1862. at 

Wallace. Curtis, e. .Aug. 14. 1862. disd. ,A|)ril 20. 1863, 

Wallace, .A. II.. c. Anij. 14, i86_', disd. April 23. 1863, 

Williams, Van B., e. .Aug. 13, 1862. 
Watkins, F. M.. e. .Aug. 18, 1862, captd. at Mark's 

Mills, died there .April 21, 1865. 
Wilson. John. e. Aug. 19, 1862. 
Wallace. D. M.. e. Jan. 4. 1864. wd.. capld. and died 

Mark's Mills. 
Wallace. W.. e. Jan. 4. 1864. captd. at Mark's Mills. 
Wallace. T. 11., c. 4. 1864, captd. and died at 

Mark's Mills. 

Company F. 

Xiel. Wm.. e. Jan. 5. 1864. captd. at Mark's Mills. 
Duckworth. L.. e. Feb. 11. 1864. died at .Memphis. 

C(»nl>any G. 

Wade, Alex., e. Dec. 28. 1863. 

Company H. 

Capt. Jno. E. Wright, com. Oct. 4. 1862. resd. March 

23. 1864. 
Capt. Wm. II. Clifton, com. isl lieut. Oct. 4, 1862, 

printd. capt. March 24. 1864. 
First Lieut! Jno. M. Thomp.son. e. as sergt. .Aug. 7. 



i86.>, prnitil. Jcl liciit. June 3. 1S63. prmtd. i>l licut. 

Jan. 8, 1865. 
Second Lieut. Win. P. Sharp. Oct. 4, 1862, resd. June 7. 

Second Lieut, .\ndrcw J. Garlocli. c. as . prmtd. 2(1 

lieut. Jan. 8, 1865. 
Scrgl. L. Winder, e. Aug. i. 1862. 
Sergt. Wm. T. Scott, e. Aug. 8, i86j. died at Duvall's 

Corp. Wm. Gray, e. 'Aug. 2, 1862. 
Corp. \. N. Holloway, e. Aug. 11, 1862. 
Corp. Jno. N. McLoncy. c. July 25. 1862, died Dec. 

6, 1862, at Benton Barracks, Mo. 
Corp. Jno. Archibald, e. .Aug. i. 1862. captd. at Mark's 

Mills, died at Duvall's Blurt', 
Corp. D. T. .Anderson, e. .Aug. g. 1862. captd. at Mark's 

Corp. M. B. Bishop, e. .Aug. ii. 1862. disd. Feb. 4, 

i86j, disal). 
Corp. Wm. Heppel. e. .Aug. 13. 1862. trans, for prnitii. 

to 2d lieut. 2d Ark. Coi. Rcgt. 
Corp. D. H. Cowyer. e. -Aug. 5. 1862. captd. at Mark's 

Corp. Lsaac W. Powell, e. .Vug. 4. 1S62. wd. and captd. 

at Mark's Mills. 
Corp. Le\i Overman, e. .Aug. 11. 1S62. wd. and captd. 

at Mark's Mills. 
Musician S. K. Rudolph, c. .Aug. 11, 1862. 
Musician Philip Keister. e. Aug. 15, 1862. 
Wagoner Rufus Tindell, c. .Aug. 11, 1862. disd. Feb. 

6. 1863. disab. 
Atwell. Jno. E.. e. .Aug. 7. 1862. wd. and captd. .tt 

Mark's Mills. 
Atwell. W. n., e. .Aug. 7. 1862. wd. and captd. at 

Mark's Mills. 
.Anderson. Geo., e. Dec. 12. 1863. captd. at .Mark's Mills. 
Allison. Jonathan. e.''4ug. 21, 1862, disd. Xov. 3, 1863, 

Bland, J. W. S.. c. .Aug. 9. 1862. wd. Vazoo expedition. 
Bollinger. M. V.. e. .Aug. 15. 1862. 
Boster. J. L.. e. Aug. 11. 1862. disd. .April 4. 1864. 
Bridges. H. ^L. c. Aug. 21. 1862. 
Burns, T. S.. e. .Aug. 9. 18O2. « d md .nind at Mark's 

Benedict, .A. J., c. July 20. i8()-'. 
Barnes. Ezckiel, Aug. 16. 1862. disd. Dec. 18. 1862. 

Cowger. D.. e. .Aug. 7, 1862, disd. Jan. 6. 1864, disab. 
Ceist, E., e. Jan. 5. 1864. 

Cooper, J. M., e. .Aug. 8, 1862, captd. at Mark's Mills. 

Cade, Wm., e. Aug. 8, 1862. 

Davis, John N.. e. Jan. i. 1864, captd. at Mark's Mills. 

Carr, S. M., e. Aug. 7, 1862, captd. at Mark's Mills. 

Davis. T,. W., e. in March. 1864. 

Krvin. A. S.. e. .Aug. 8. 1862. kid. at Mark's Mills. 

Fuller. John W.. e. July 25. 1862, captd. at Mark's 

George, Wm. S.. c. March 23, 1864. 
Godfrey, F. M., e. .Aug. 8. 1862, disd. Feb. 25. 1863, 

Ilalloway, R. E., e. March 19, 1864. 
Hoffman. Henry, e. -Aug. 5. 1862. 
Ilalloway. M. C. e. March 22. 1864. 
Halicy, Daniel, e. .Aug. 7, 1862. 
Hobbs. John T,. c. Nov. 19. 1862. 
Harris. \V. H.. e. Aug. 9, 1862, disd. Jan. 7. 1863. 
Hudson. W'ni. H., e. Jan. 4, 1864, wd. and captd. at 

Mark's Mills. 
Hobbs. Samuel P.. c. .Aug. 14, 1862. 
Hamilton. Wm.. e. Dec, 17. 1863. wd. and captd. at 

Mark's Mills. 
Holsey. S. T.. c. -Aug. 14, 1862, captd, at Mark's Mills, 

disd. June 27. 1865, disab. 
Johnson, Samuel M.. e. Aug. 13. 1862. trans, for pro- 
motion to 2d Ark. Col. Regt. June 7. 1863. 
Kitterman, F, M., e. Feb. 29. 1864. died Aug. 8. 1864. 
Kittcrnian. Geo. W,. c, Jan. i, 1864. wd. and captd, at 

Mark's Mills. 
Kitterman, .A. K.. e. ,Aug. 10. 1862, died at Keokuk. 
King. Jas. R.. e, Dec, 29. 1863. 

King, Daniel, e. Aug, 11. 1862, captd. at Mark's Mills. 
Lowe. Geo., e. Aug. 8. 1862. captd. at Mark's Mills. 
Lentz. T. E.. e. Dec. il, 1863. 
Land). James M.. c. .Aug. 10. 1862. captd. at Mark's 

Long, J, H,. c, Feb, 20. 1864. 
Lowcnberg. Wm.. e. Feb. 24. 1864. wd. at Jenkins' 

Ferry, .Ark. 
Lowe. David, e. Jan. 13, 1864. captd, at Mark's Mills. 
Lentner. H. L, c. .Aug. 7. 1862. 
McKowen, H.. e. Jan. i, 1864, captd. at Mark's Mills, 

died at Tyler, Texas. 
Mulleni.x. Jas.. c. Aug. 3. 1862. 

Marrow, John. c. .Aug. 5, 1862. captd, at Mark's Mills. 
McCoy. .Aaron, e. .Aug. 6, 1862, disd. Feb. 6. 1863, disab. 
Mover. John C, e, .Aug. 5, 1862. 
Martin, Wm., e. Aug. 2, 1862, disd. .April 13, 1863. 




Moffat. T. W,, e. Aug. 27. i.S()_', captd. at Mark's Mills, 

disd. June 27. 1865, disnb. 
Moore, Jas., e. Aug. 6, 1862, captd. at Mark's Mills. 
McCunc, Jas. H.. e. .Aug. 7, 1862, captd. at Mark'j 

. Mills. 
Martin. James C, e. Aug. 12, '62, Feb. 27, '6.5 

Morrison, Jas., e. Aug. 26. 1862, captd. at Mark's Mills 
Owen, H. C, e. Aug. 7, 1862, captd. at Mark's Mills. 
Powell. W'm., e. Dec. 14, 1863, captd. at Mark's Mills. 
Patgctt, J., e. Dec. 17. 186.3, kid. at Mark's Mills. 
Prosser, C. H., e. Jan. 19, 1864. 
Richards. John E.. e. Feb. 6, 1864, captd. at Mark's 

Mills, died at Tyler. Texas. 
Reams. Samuel, e. Aug. 9, 1862. 
Rush, John, e. Aug. 7, 1862. 
Richards. L. \V.. e. Aug. 7, 1862. 
Scott. F. M., e. July 25. 1862. captd. at Mark's Mills. 
Southard, F.. c. Aug. 7. 1862, captd. at Mark's Mills, 

died at Magnolia. Ark. 
Sterns. James, c. Aug. i, 1862, disd. .\pril 9, 1863, 

Silvers, E. M., e. Aug. 7, 1862. 
Shearer. J. L., c. Aug. 8, 1862. 
Stinson. Wni., c. .'\ug. 19, 1862, wd. and captd. at 

Mark's Mills, died April 26, 1864. 
Thomas, T. P., c. Aug. 8. 1862. cnpid ;it Af.nrk's Mills. 
Troxcll, Wm. D., e. Aug. 15, 186-'. 
■Wright, Jas., e. Aug. 8, 1862. 
Wright, -Mbcrt, c. Aug. 8, 1862. 
Whipple, Jos. E., e. March 13, 1864. died at Little 

Walker, C. S.. e. March 23. 1864. 
Hobbs. John T., c. Nov. 19, 1862. 

Company I. 

Harris, John H.. c. Dec. 27, 1863, kid. at IMark's Mills. 

Coinfiaiiy K. 

Musician Wm. B. A. Carter, e. Aug. 22, 1862. captd. 

at Mark's Mills. 
Hopper, A., e. Aug. 22. 1862, disd. Jan. 3, 1863, disab. 
Phillip.s. Jas. B., e. Aug. 22, 1862, disd. Feb. 26, 1863. 

Robertson, Jas. S., e. Aug. 18. 1862. died at Keokuk. 


Fenton, T. W.. c. Dec. 13. 1863. 
Dodd, D. S., e. Feb. 24, 1864. 
Ekin, Wm,, e. Fell S, 1864. 

HoUingworth, I'. VV., e. I'eb. 6, 1864. 
Mayers. Wni. M., e. March 18, 1864. 
Rupe, John M., e. Feb. 17, 1864. 
Skinner, S. W., e. Feb. 20. 1864. 
Stubers, Philip, e. Feb. 29. 1864, 
Smith, John e. Feb. 24, 1864. 
Tillottson, H. D., e. March 26. 1864. 
Thompson. Geo. M.. e. March 11. 1864. 
Wolfe. J., e. Feb. 22. 1864. 


(Note. — This regiment Tx'as mustered out at Daven- 
port, loii'a. Date not given in .Idjutant General's 
Reports. J 

Company E. 

Capt. Resen Banks, com. Dee. i.i. 1862. 

Sergt. Peter Goff. e. .-Vug. 15. 1862. 

Sergt. Jos. Meyers, e. Oct. 21, 1862. 

Sergi. T. Blake, e. Sept. 18, 1862. disd. Oct. 6, 1864, 

Corp. R. D. Lyon, c. Sept. 20, 1862, disd. May 26, 

1864, disab. 
Corp. Thos. Lottridge, c. Sept. 13, 1862. 
Corp. Tl. II. Draper, c. Sept. 20. 1862. 
Wagoner John Shauntronan, e. Nov. 25. 1862. 
Asbury. Benj., e. Sept. 27, 1862, disd. March 6, 1863, 

Berkcy. Jos., e. Nov. 27, 1862. 
Chapman, A., c. Sept. 21. 1862. 
Davis. F.. e. Sept. 20. 1862. 

Derby, C. W., e. Nov. 27, 1862. disd. Nov. 4, '63, disab. 
Deashnnitt. B. B., e. Nov. 27, 1862. 
Easthans, E. G., e. Sept. 26. 1862. 
Fent. Wm.. e. Sept. 26. 1862. ^ 
Godfrey, E.. e. Oct. 6. 1862. disd.*May 18, 1864, disab. 
Guyton. Bcnj.. e. Sept. 18, 1862. 
Hornbakcr, L, c. Nov. 20, 1862, disd. .April 28, 1863, 

Henderson, G. W., e. Oct. 11, 1862, disd. Nov. 21, 1863, 

Huyne. .\ndrew, e. Sept. 23, 1862. 
Hackley. W. H.. e. Sept. 27, 1862. 
Kiaf, J., c. Sept. 28, 1862. 
Lyon, A. E.. e. Oct. 2, 1862. 

Mathess. Wm.. e. Sept. 20, 1862. died Feb. i6. 1863. 
McCIees, Alex., e. Sept. 15, 1862, disd. March 18, 1865, 

Mowre, Jas. A., e. Sept. 27, 1862. 



Powell, Isaac, e. Sept. 25. 1862. 

Rowley, Wni., c. Sept. 14, 1862. 

Roberts. Lewis, e. Sept. 11. 1862. 

Reynolds, Silas, e. Sept. 26, 1862, disd. May 18, 1864, 

Strickland. Wni., e. \ov. 20, 1862. 
Simmons, E., e. Sept. 20. 1862. 

Stevens, B., e. Sept. 15, 1862. disd. April 6, 1863, disab. 
Silver, Samuel, e. Sept. 25, 1862, died March 27, 1863. 
Schroyer, F.. e. Nov. 21, 1862, disd. Jan. 18, 1865, disab. 
Tidball. D. H.. e. Oct. 8, 1862, disd. Dec. 24, 1864. disab. 
Thompson. S. W., e. Oct. 8, 1862. 
Warren. D.. c. Sept. 28. 1862, disd. Dec. 24. 1864. disab. 

Company I. 

Clark. James, e. Oct. i. 1862. 


[Note. — Date of Ihc mustcring-out of this Regiment 
is not given in Adjutant General's Report.] 

.\djt. Geo. W. Devin. com. June 4. 1864. 

Company C. 

First Lieut. Jno. T. Wallin, com. May 7, 1864. 

Second Lieut. Jas. Hawley, Jr., com. May 7, 1864. 

Sergt. Robt. N. ^fcMillan, e. May 21, 1864. 

Sergt. F. M. Bush, c. May 7, 1864. 

Corp. Wm. L. Daggett, e. May 20, 1864. 

Corp. L N. Vates. e. May 9, 1864. 

Corp. Andrew Clark, c. May 21, 1864. 

Corp. Chas. Miller, e. May 11, 1864. 

Musician S. C. Henshaw e. May 7, 1864. 

.■\dleta, Aug., e. June 7, 1864. 

Carpenter. Geo. B., e. May 7, 1864, died .-Kug. 21, 1864, 

at Helena, Ark. 
Dennis. Jas. M., e. May 14, 1864. 
Daily, Dennis, e. May 7, 1864, 
Davis, John, e. May 16, 1864. 
Dennis, Benj.. e. May i, 1864. 
Davidson, J. C, e. May 24, 1864. 
Goodwin. Wm., e. May 7, 1864. 
Gossage, Jno., e. May 20, 1864. 
Holloway, S. P.. e. May 7, 1864. 
Hayne. N. B., e. May 9, 1864, died Sept. 22, 1864. 
Johnson, F. M., e. May 7, 1864. 

Knight, C. F., c. May 7, 1864. 
Myrick, L. A., e. May 7, 1864. 
Myrick. Wm. L., c. May i, 1864. 
Parks, R. H.. c. May 7, 1864. 
Ross, John, e. May 7, 1864, died. 
Silsby. E. VV., e. May 7. 1864. 
Spurgeon, Samuel, e. May 9, 1864. 
Shewry, Chas., e. May 18, 1864. 
Starkcy, Wm. J., e. May 23, 1864. 
Shreve. Ja.s. R.. e. May 7. 1864. 
Thompson, E. O., e. May 14, 1864. 

Company H. 

Corp. Wm. Dinsmore. e. May 9. 1864. 

Atkinson, Jewett, e. May 9, 1864. 

Carson, Jno. A., e. May 9, 1864. 

Davis, Daniel, e. ^L^y 7, 1864. 

Daggett. Geo. ^L, e. May 3, 1864. 

Hagey. Wm. F. H., e. May 9, 1864, died Oct. i. 1864. 

Company K. 

Capt. Wm. 11. P. Xorri.s, cm. June 4, 1,864. 
Second Lieut. C. M. J. Reynolds, com. June 4, 1864. 
Sergt. C. D. Hendersholt, e. April 29, 1864. 
Sergt. Simon P. Wayne, e. April 28, 1864. 
Sergt. Jcseph A. Israel, e.' May 12. 1864. 
Sergt. E. W. Myers, c. May 4, 1864. 
Corp. Geo. W. Murray, e. April 29, 1864. 
Corp. Wm. E. Davis, e. April 9, 1864. 
Corp. John Q. Wood, e. April 30, 1864. 
Corp. S. M. Woodford, e. April 28, 1864. 
Corp. Louis Wilford, e. April 28, 1864. 
Corp. Geo. W. Nimocks, e. May 12, 1S64. 

Corp. Samuel P. Johnson, e. April 28, 1864. 
Musician Wm. Engle. c. May 10, 1864. 
Musician Jas. A. Clark, e. May 17, 1864. 
Armstrong, D. L., c. April 28, 1864. 
Allan. John B.. e. May 5, 1864. 
Allred, John P., e. May 9, 1864. 
Bills, Neal S., e. May 10, 1864. 
Burman, Louis, c. May 24. 18O4. 
Cooper. John, e. May 11. 1864. 
Cramer. Samuel E., c. May 4, 1864. 
Cramer. A. J., c. May 4, 1864. 

Collier, E., e. May 24, 1864, died Aug. 27, 1864, at 
Helena, .Ark. 



Derby. E., e. April 29. 1864. 

Dorotliy, C. H., e. May 26. 1864. 

Eyer, Jacob, e. April 29. 1864. 

Fleshc-r, Win. N.. c. ,'\pril 27. 1864. 

Flcsher. Jas. F.. c. .\pril 28. 1864. 

Gates, Horatio, c. May 11. 1864. 

Goe. David E.. e. May 7. 1864. 

Hall. Will. A., e. May 9. 1864. 

Joseph. Jno. W., e. May 10. 1864. 

Kooiis. Cicero, c. April 29. 1864. 

Miidge. H. P.. c. April 29. 1864. 

Messervey J. M.. c. April 30. 1864. 

Nixon. Amos. e. May 3, 1864. 

Newell. Will. M.. e. May 4. 1864. 

Osborn. George W.. e. May 6. 1864. died Sept. 7. 1864. 

at Helena. Ark. 
Parks. Leander, c. May 7. 1864. 
Perrine. T, B.. e. May 14. 1864. 
Pitman. .-\. M.. e. May 3. 1864. 
Penwell. John N.. e. May 3. 1864. 
Reed, John W.. e. May 10, 1864 
Sires. John F.. e. May 4. 1864. 
Siimpton. W. R., c. May 14. 1864. 
Wil-son, H. O., e. May 7. 1864. 
Wilson, E, C, e. May 7. 1864. 


[Note. — yViijr Krj;iinciil was iiiuslcrcd out at Austin, 
Texas. I'rhruary 75. 1S66. | 

Lieut. Col. Jos. W. Caldwell, com. capt. Co, I Sept. 23. 

1861. prmtd. maj. .\ug. 26, 1862. prmtd. lieut. col. 

Aug. 21. 1863. wd. at Little Rock and Camden, m. o. 

Sept. 24. 1864. 
Com. Scrgl. Daniel ICasley. e. June 13. 1861. 

CumfKiiiy A. 

Corp. SanuK-1 11. Xewell. July 18. 1861. 

Ci'iii/yaiiy II. 

Saddler II. (,. Bates, c. July 18. 1861. vci. Jan, 4. 1.S64, 

trans, to V. R, C. April 28. 1865. 
Wagoner S. S. Bates, e. July 18. 1861, vet. Jan. 4. 1864. 
Dickson. C. e. July iS, 1861, vet. Jan, 4. 1864, 

Coinf'aiiy I. 

First Lieut. Jos. H. Springer, e. as sergt, June 13. t86i, 
pniild, 1st lieut, Jan. g 1865, 

Second Lieut. Wm. H. Kitterman. com. June 13, i86t, 

served as capt. of veterans from May 2. 1864. com. 

as capt. Nov. 3. 1864. resigned Dec. 8. 1864. 
Second lieut. Samuel M. Lindsay, e. as private July 18, 

1861. prmtd, 2d lieut. Jan. 9. 1865, 
First Sergt. Beni. W. Searle, e. June 13. 1861, disd. 

March 13, 1863, disab. 
Sergt. Saiiil, Walker, e, July 18. 1861. disd. Sept. 12, 

1863. disab. 
Sergt. Robt. P. Caldwell, e. Nov. 9. 1861. 
Sergt. Wm. B. Brim, e. June 13. 1861, died at Mountain 

Grove, Mo.. March 12, 1863. 
Corp. Thos. J. Meyers, e. June 13. 1861. 
Corp. P. J. B. Ping. e. Oct. I, 1861. 
Corp. E. P, Johc. e. Sept. 14. 1862. died at Little Roi:k, 

Corp, Wm, Davis, c. July 18. 1861. disd, Nov. i. 1862, 

Corp. .A,. J, Chapman, c. June 13. 1861. vet, Jan. I, 

' Farrier R, B, Stevens, c, July 18. 1861. 
Barnetl. A, H., e, July 18. 1861. 
Brills. X. W,. e. July 18. 1861, vet. Jan, i. 1864. 
Bostcr. J, M.. e. July 18. 1861. vet. Jan. i. 1864. 
Creamer. Theo.. c, July 18. 1861. vet, Jan, i. 1864, wd, 

at Chalk Bluff, died at .\ntwincville. Kan., of wds. 

received at Camden, 
Clark. M, S,. e, July 18. iSCl. wd. at Chalk Bluff, vet. 

Jan, 1. 1864. 
Clark. Wm.. e. July iS. 1S61. vet, Jan, 1. 1864, 
Clark. Thos., e, July 18. 1861. disd. March 24. 1862, 

Dickens, Geo. W,. vet, Jan. i. 1864. 
Davis. Jno. .A., e, July 18. 1861. vet Jan, i, 1864. 
Davis. T. G.. e, July 18. 1861. 
Earl. Wm. D,, e. July 18. 1861. vet. Jan. i. 1864. 
Gillespie. A, J,, e, July 18. 1861. 
Godfrey, L. N.. e. July 18. 1861, vet. Jan, i. 1864. 
Harris. Jos. C., e. Aug, 16. 1862. died July 7. 1863. 
Hendrickson Jackson, e. July 18. 1861. wd. at Little 

Rock, Ark. 
Jobe, Jno. H.. e. Sept, 24. 1862 
Lindsey. S. M.. e. July 18. 18O1. vet. Jan. i, 1864. 
Linn. H. C. e. July 18. 1861. vet. Jan. i. 1864. 
Macklin. Jno. M.. e. July ,18. 1861. vet, Jan, i. 1864. kid. 

in action at /\ntwineville. .-Xrk. 
McFarling. C, H., e. July 18. 1861. vet. Jan. i. 1864. died 

at Little Rock. 
1 McGuire. Jas., e. June 13. 1861, deserted Jan. 6. 1863. 
Pegg. Jas. .\., e. Sept. 18. 1862. 



Myers, T. T., e. June 13. 1861. 

Monroe, Wni. N., e. June 13, 1861, tlisd. March I, 1863, 

Priest, Geo. \\'.. c. June 13. 1861. 
Ping, W. N., c. June 13. i8f)i, flisd. March 14, 1863, 

Phelps, A. B., e. 1861. vet. Jan. i. 1864. 
Rouse, Geo. \V., e. 1861. 
Shreeve, Jno., e. 1861. vet. Jan. i. 1864. 
Stevens, Dexter, e. Aug. 13, 1861, kid. May 25. i86j. 
Sylvester, Geo. W. 
Thompson, J. X., vet. Jan, i. 1864. 

Taylor. \Vm. 

Company L. 


Bickley. Thos. R., e. Feb. 16, 1864. 
Bishop, Wm. N., e. Feb. 2, 1864. 
Crandall. H. S., e. Feb. 12. 1864. 
Decker. David, e. Feb. 10, 1864. 
Dowrife. Jerome, e. Feb. 13. 1864. 
Davis, Ira A., e. June 30, 1864. 
England, Jas. K. P., e. Jan. 25, 1864. 
Fairburn, Hugh, e. Feb. 25. 1864. 
Jobe, Wm. S., e. June 30, 1864. 
Kittcrman, Jno.. e. Feb. 23. 1864. 
Lair. Edw. B., e. Jan. 15, 1864. 
Maolin. C. W.. c. Feb. 12. 1864. 
McMains. David, c. Feb. "29. 1864. 
Robins, A., e. Feb. 12. 1864. 
Robinson, T. C, e. Feb. 24, 1864. 
\'an\vinkle. W'm., e. Feb. 24, 1864. 
Vanwinkle. Willis, e. Feb. 4, 1864. 
Williams, Conrad, e. Feb. 10, 1864. 


[Note. — This regiment tvas mustered duI at Atlanta. 
Ga., .-Iiinust 9, 1863.] 

Asst. Surg. Wm. L. Orr. com. April 21, 1862, surg. 

2ist Inf. Dec. 2. 1862. 
B. V. S. Willard S. Lewis, <;. Sept. 3. iSr.i, ,„ n X.n- 

30, 1862. 

Company D. 

Sergt. F. J. Comstock. e. .Aug. 24, 1861, disd. July 10. 
1862, disal). 

Sergt. N. Barnes, e. Aug. 24, i86r, captd. at La Grange, 

Ark., vet. Jan. i, 1864. 
Corp. D. S. Beers, e. Aug. 24, i86r, wd. at Coldwater, 

Tenn., vet. Jan. i, 1864, died at Macon, Ga. 
Bugler F. M. Bush, e. Sept. 16, 1861, wd. at Pea Ridge. 
Ball, E., e. Feb. 4, 1864, wd. at Osage, Mo. 
Butin, C. J., e. Sept. 10, 1861, captd. at Pea Ridge. 
Day, Jos., e. Jan. 4, 1864. 
Deford, W., e. Aug. 24, 1861, captd. at La Grange, 

Ark., vet. Jan. i, 1864. 
Duffey. David, e. Aug. 24, 1861, vet. Jan. i, 1864. 
Fairchild, Wm. J., e. .-\ug. 24, 1861, died at St. Louis. 
Gray, T. P., e. .\ug. 24. 1861, kid. at battle of Pea 

Martindalc. Wm. T., e. Aug. 24, 1861, disd. June 5, 

1862, disab. 
Martindale, Jac. C, e. Aug. 24. 1861. 
Myrick, S. G.. e. Aug. 24, 1861, vet. Jan. I, 1864. 
Sellars, John. e. Aug. 24, 1861, killed at Pea Ridge. 
Strange, Wm., e. Sept. 27, 1861, captd. at La Grange, 

Ark., vet. Jan. I, 1864. 
Voorhics, E.. kid. at Pea Ridge. 

Company E. 

Eplay. Geo. W., e. Feb. 24, 1864. 
Eplay, Thos., c. Feb. 18, 1864. 
Fisher, Geo., e. Feb. 15, 1864. 
King, H. M.. e. Feb. 10, 1864. 
Moore, Geo., e. March 28, 1863. 
Sullivan, Jas., e. Feb. 15. 1864. 

[ Company K. 


\ First Lieut. Geo. W. Stamm. c. as Q. M. sergt. Sept. 3, 

1861. prmld. to 1st lieut. Sept. 21, 1864. • 

Q. M. Sergt. John D. Pickett, e. Sept. 3, 1861, disd. 

Sept. 29, 1862, disab. 
Sergt. W. H. Blake, e. Sept. 3. !86i, vet. Jan. i, 1864, 

disd. July 28. 1865. 
Sergt. Thos. E. Conmions, vet. Jan. i, 1864. 
Corp. A. D. Woodruff, e. Sept. 3, 1861, disd. Sept. 18. 

1862, disab. 

Wagoner A. K. Ewing. e. Sept. 3, 1861. 
\uslin. Wm.. vet. Jan. i, 1864, captd. at Ripley. Miss., 

died at .\ndcrsonville. 
Borman, T., e. Sept. 3. 1861. vet. Jan. i. 1864, capt.-I. 

at Ripley, Miss., died at Wilmington. X. C. 
Carlton. .\., e. Feb. 29, 1864. 



Commons. T. E.. e. Sept. 3, 1861. 

Ciich, John. c. Sept. 3, 1861, vet. Jan. i, 1864. 

Day, Jos., c. Jan. 4, 1864. 

Holt. Geo. W., c. Sept. 3, 1861, vet. Jan. i, 1864. 

Lewis, W. W., c. Feb. 29. 1864. 

Millard. .\.. e. Sept. 3, 1861, vet. Jan. I, 1864. 

Mills, Jas. M.. vet. Jan. i, 1864, wd. at Gerard, Ala., 

(lied at Columluis, Ga. 
McQueen. Hugh. March 13, 1864. 
OrtlolT. .\ugust. e. Sept. 3. 1861, vet. Jan. I. 1864. 
Terrill. Roht., e. Sept. 3, 1861, vet. Jan. T, 1864, died at 

Blakcsburg, March 27, 1864. 

Coiiipaiiy I.. 

Roby. F. .'\.. e. .'\itg. 15. i86i. disd. Jan. 3, 1862, disab. 

Williamson. N. L., vet. Jan. i, 1864. 

Wilson. L. S.. e. .Viig. 15, 1861, vet. Jan. i, 1864. 

Wilson, Jas.. c. .\ng. 15, 1861, vet. Jan i. 1864. 

Foster. Luther. 

Foster. William. 

Ci)ml<aiiy M. 

Com. Sergt. Richard Creamer, e. .Aug. 15. 1861, vet. 

Jan. I, 1864. 
Teamster .'\. J Ci-im- . ' i.i 12, 1861. vet. Jan. I. 



[Note. — Tliis rcgiiiiviil teas iinistcrcd out at .llhinta, 
Ga., .Iiif;. 10. iS6s.] 

Coiiifany B. 
Richie. .\. S.. e. .Aug. 26. 1862. disd. Oct. 8, 1864. 

Company C. 
Ridenonr. B. 1).. e. .Xiig. 26/ 1862. 

Coiiif'aiiy F. 

Capt. Thos. J. ZoUers. com. ist. licnt.. prnild. capt. Jan. 

27. 1864. resd. Feb. i, 1864. 
Capt. Newell P. Dana. c. as private Oct. 17. 1861. 

prmtd. capt. Feb. 2. 1864. Lient. Poyd P. Brim, e. as sergt. Oct. 14. i86[, 

prnitd. 2d lieut. April 20, 1862. prmtd. isl lieitt. Feb. 

6, 1863. resd. May 13, 1864. 

First Lient. Elias B. Woodrnff, e. as sergt. Oct 14, 1861, 

prmtd. 2d lient. Feb. 6. 1863. prmtd. 1st lieut. Maj 

14, 1864. 
Second Lieut. Wm. A. Hcacock. kid. at Talbot's Ferry, 

Ark., April 9, 1862. 
Second Lieut. John T. Reynolds, e. as corp. Oct. 14, 

1861. prmtd. 2d lieut. Oct. 26, 1864. 
Sergt. Wm. H. Heacock, e. Oct. 14, 1861, died at St. 

Sergt. T. .-v. Cramer, c. Nov. 15. 1861. died at Keokuk. 
Corp. Geo. W. Crcath, e. Oct. 14, 1861. vet. Dec. 12. 

Corp. Wm. M. Harsin. e. Oct. 14. 1S61. died at St. 

Louis April 29, 1863. 
Corp. S. S. Woods, e. Oct. 14. 1861. vet. Dec. 12. 1863. 
Bu.<jler Jas. G. Henshaw. e. Oct. 17. 1861. captd. at 

Black River, Miss. 
Farrier John Dwirc. e. Oct. 14, 1861, vet. Jan. I, 1864. 
Wagoner Daniel Henshaw, e. Oct. 17. rSfii. disd. May 

I, 1862, disab. 
Allison. C. B., e. Oct. 14, 1861. vet. Jan. i. iS'j4. 
Brown. Thos., e. Oct. 17, 1861. 
Conwell. Lott, e. Oct. 17, 1861, disd. Feb. 21. 1862. 
Clark. James, e. Oct. 14. 1861. disd. June 20, 1862. 
Giger, B. F.. e. Oct. 14. iSrji. 
Good, Jacob, vet. Jan. I, 1864. 
Hazen. Wm., c. Oct. 14, 186!, vet. Jan. i. 1864. 
Hazen. John S., e. Dec. 1$. 1863. 
Hilton, Jesse K.. Oct. 14. 1861, vet. Jan. i, 1864. 
Hill. Bradford, e. Oct. 14, i86r, died at .Vgency City, 

Oct. 10. 1863. 
Hanks, Peter, c. Oct. 14. 1861, disd. Feb. i, 1862, disab. 
Kazebcer. David, e. Nov. II, 1861. vet. Jan. i, 1864. 
Miller. Robert P., e. Oct. 29. 1861. 
McElhancy. J. A., e. Oct. 14, 1861. 
McNair, Jas. M.. e. Oct. 14, 1861. trans to V. R. C. 

April 29. 1864. disd. Nov. 22, 1864. 
Myers, Geo., c. Oct. 19. '61, disd. as musician. July 22, 

Terrill. S. A., e. Oct. 17. 1861. vet. Jan. i. 1S64. 
Wheeler, Wm., e. Nov. 15, 1861, died at West Plain, 

Walker. F. R.. «. Oct. 14. 1861. wd. at Mechanicsburg, 

Wagers. H. B.. e. Od. 26. 1861. captd. at Black River, 

trans, to V. R. C. April 29, 1864. 
Wilber. AHord, e. Oct. 17. 1861, disd. July 6, 1863, for 

promotion in Missouri cav. regt. 
Sparks. H. A., e. Sept. 4, 1862. vet. Jan. i. 1864. 



Gibbs, Charles, e. Dec. 16, 1862. vet. Jan. i, 1864. 
Pelham, Asbury, e. Jan. 25, 1864. 

Coiii/^aiiy G. 

Harrison. Ricliard, e. Oct. 14. 1861. 

Coiiifitiiiy L. 

Corp. Wni. W. Dull. e. Sept. 19. t86i. 
Sergt. Samuel L. Miller, vet. Dec. 12. 1863. 
Richie, A. S., e. Aug. 26, 1861. 

Ci>iii[<aity .1/. 

Bugler. Samuel Schoonovcr. e. Nov. 7. 1861. vet. Feb. 
2, 1864. 


[Note. — This regiment was iiuistcrcti out at Lcavcii- 
'u'orlli, Kan., May 17, iS66.\ 

Col. Samuel W. Smiimers, com. Jan. 8. 1863. m. o. 

Jan. 31. 1865. 
Maj. John S. Wood, com. capt. Co. A April 27. 1863, 

prmtd. maj. July 8. 1863 m. o. Jan. 31, 1865. 
Maj. John Wilcox, com. capt. Co. B April 27. 1863, 
V prmtd. maj. Nov. 27, 1865, m. o. as capt. 
ii^irg. Andrew J. Wiley, com. April 3. 1863. 
Asst. Surg. Jas. W. La Force, com. May 15. 1863. rcsd. 

Dec. 7, 1864. 
.\sst. Surg. Stephen P. Yeomans. com. July 27. 18C3. 
Adjt. Eugene S. Sheffield, com. March I, 1863. prmtd. 

2(1 sergt. Co. D, 15th Inf., resd. July 20, 1865. 
Q. M. Wm. H. Northrup, com. March 25, 1863. 
Corny. Benj. F. Giger, com. July 23, 1863, prmtd. sergt. 

Co. B. 
Hosp. Steward D. S. Kces, e. March 10. 1863. 

Company A. 

Capt. Edward B. Murphy, com. ist lieut. April 27, 

1863, prmtd. capt. July 8. 1863, resd. Dec. 23. 1865. 
Capt. Thos. J. Potter, e. as sergt. Oct. 17. 1862. prmtd. 

2d lieut. March 10, 1865, prmtd. ist lieut. Nov. 14, 

1865. prmtd. capt. March 10, 1866. 
Second Lieut. James Grooms, e. as private Feb. 2^, 

1863, prmtd. 2d lieut. April 14, 1866. 
Q. .M. Sergt. W. H. Williams, e. Sept. 12, 1862. 

Sergt. Benj. Grooms, e. Feb. 23, 1863, kid. at Ft. Cot- 
tonwood by accidental explosion of shell. 

Sergt. Geo. W. Ellsworth, e. Oct. 10, 1862. 

Sergt. Jas. ILirper, e. Sept. 15, 1862. 

Corp. John M. Rupe, e. Sept. 17, 1862, died at Ft. 
Kearney Dec. 19, 1862. frozen to death. 

Corp. Chas. Lumkly, e. Sept. 15, 1862, disd. Nov. 6, 
1865, disab. 

Wagoner Daniel Ncill, e. Feb. 14, 1862, disd. Jan. 15, 

1863. di.sab. 

Bird. M. O.. e. Oct. 29, 1862. 

Buchanan. E. R.. e. Sept. 14, 1862. 

Cloyd. Benj.. e. Sept. 19. 1862. 

Casper. Rudolph, e. Sept. 24, 1862. 

Coffin. T. C, e. Sept. 12, 1862. 

Hiatte, Stephen, e. Oct. i-;, 1862. 

Hartshorn. Edw., e. Oct. 21, 1862. 

Johnston, C. H., e. Jan. 6, 1862. 

Lynch, John, e. Feb. 16. 1862. 

McGee. Wm., e. Sept. 15. 1862. 

Munn, Wm. E.. e. Sept. 15. 1862. 

Peterson, E., e. Oct. 2. 1862. 

Riker, Henry, e. Oct. 15. 1862. 

Rodgers, Martin, e. Jan. 8, 1862, died .-\pril 26, 1865, at 

Ross, John, e. Nov. 6. i8r)2. 
Rupe, Israel, e. Sept. 17, 1862. 

Rhoads. J., e. Feb. 25, 1862, disd. \\\%. I, 1863, di.sab. 
Stanley, J. W., e. Sept. 15. 1862. 
Shirky. John B., c. Sept. 27. 1862. disd. Oct. 2^. 1865, 

Tullis. John B., e. Sept. 27, 1862, disd. Nov. 29, 1864. 

Wilk.'on, I. E., e. Nov. 17. 1862. 
Wilkson, R. J. A., e. Sept. 15, 1862. ^ 

Williams, Robert L.. e. March 28, 1864. 

Company B. 

Capt. Thos. S. Parker, e. as sergt. Jan. 26. 1863, prmtd. 
2d lieut. .Aug. 24, 1864, prmtd. 1st lieut. Nov. 29, 

1864, prmtd. capt. Dec. it, 1865. 

First Lieut. John M. Phillips, com. .\pril 27, 1863, 

rcsd. Nov. 28. 1864. 
Second Lieut. Francis J. Comslock. com. Jan. 20, 

1863. resd. Avg. 23. 1864. 
Second Lieut. Geo. E. Butin. c. as corny, sergt. Nov. 

7. 1862, prmtd. 2d lieut. Dec. II. 1865. 
Sergt. Josiah C. Davis, e. March 21, 1863. 



Corp. Daniel L. McLain, e. Nov. 7, 1862. 

Corp. A. A. Davis, c. Nov. 7, 1862. 

Corp. Geo. L. Nye, c, March 15, 1863. 

Corp. John A. Pinegar. e. March i, 1863, wd. at 

Plum Creek, disd. June i, 1865, wds. 
Corp. Thos. L. Speed, e. Nov. I, 1862. 
Corp. John H. Morris, e. Oct. 28, 1862. 
Trumpeter J. B. Summers, e. April 5, 1863, deserted 

.Aug. 10, 1863. 
Trumpeter L. C. Williams, e. Nov. 6, 1862. 
Wagoner \V. H. Wagoner, e. Nov. 2, 1862. 
Anthony. Wm.. e. Oct. 29, 1862. 
Rillmgs, S.. e. Nov. i. 1862. 
Billings. L. W., e. Nov. I, >i862. 
Clark, Rol). E.. e. Feb. 11, 1863, kid. at Ft. Heath 

Jan. 18, 1866, while in act of resenting treatment 

of superior officers. 
Clark, Joel, e. Nov. 8. 1862. 
Culhertson, .\.. e. March 10. 1863. 
Culberlson. Geo. W. B.. e. March 11, 1863. 
Davis, J. C, e. March 21, 1863. 
Edwards. M., e. Feb. 18. 1863. 
Foster, James, e. March i, 1863. 
Fisk, F. C, e. Nov. 8, 1862. 
Hoover, Moses, e. Jan. 21, 1863. 
Molilcy. J. C. e. Nov. 6. 1862. 
Mohlcy, S. P., e. Oct. 2-7. 1862. 
Moblcy, Geo. G., e. Jan. 15, 1863. 
McMiltin, LeGrand, e. 'Nov. 6. 1862. 
McFarland. John D., e. Feb. 14, 1863. 
Roberts, S., e. Oct. 29, 1862. 
Slarkcy, Caleb, e. Nov. 8, 1862, disd. Nov. 24, 1863, 

Sperry, John, c. Nov. 8, 1862. 
Simmons, T. P., e, Feb. 18, 1863. 
Thompson. Jas. .\., e. Feb. 5. 18(13. 
Tener, Leander. e. .April 5. 1803. 
\'ance. E. D., e. Nov. 6. 1S62. 
Wilson, Eraslus, e. Feb. 17. 1863. 

Coinf'aiiy C. 

Capt. Jonathan C. Mitchell, com. .\pril 28, 1863. dis- 
missed .Aug. It). 1864. 

Capt. Harrison W. Crcnicr. com. ist liciit. .\pril iS. 
1863. prmtd. capt. .Aug. , 20, 1864. 

Q. M. Sergt. Wm. P. Millisack. e. Dec. i, 1862. died 
at Ft. Cottonwood. 

Sergt. Moses S. Ramsel. e. Nov. 4, 1862. 

Sergt. Peter Wade, e. Jan. i, 1863. 

Corp. Jas. K. Deford, e. Dec. 16, 1862. 

Corp. Smith E. Forbes, e. Jan. i, 1863. 

Corp. Benj. M. Lyon, e. Nov. 6, 1862, died at Fort 

Trumpeter Isaac Beck. e. Nov. 14, 1862. 

Farrier Wm. H. McMickle, e. Nov. 27, 1862. 

Crandall, H. L., e. Jan. i, 1863. 

Dethridge, Joseph M., e. Feb. 13. 1863, 'disd. June 3, 
1865, disab. 

Dopp. Chas., e. Nov. 18, 1862. 

Davidson. H., e. March 20, 1863. 

Engle. H. M., e. March 10, 1863. 

Eastham. Wm. T., e. Dec. 25. 1862. 

Hondyshell, S. H., e. Nov. 20. 1863. 

Hill, A. J., e. Dec. 9. 1862, disd. June 5. 1865. disab. 

Hanks, Peter, e. March 18, 1863. 

Johnson. I. L., e. Jan. 8, 1863. 

Kimpson. Hugh, e. March 21, 1863. 

McClintock. A., Nov. 7, 1862. 

Moshier, Wm. R.., e. Nov. 27, 1862, kid. at Ft. 

Simpson, M., e. Nov. i8. 1862. 

Stewart, Jos., e. Nov. 20, 1862. 

Shirkey. Hiram, e. Dec. 21, 1862. 

Tannahill. H., e. March 24, 1864. died at Ft. Cotton- 

Vinson, Geo., e. March 10. 18O3. 

Wyatt, Saml., e. Dec. 29, 1862. 

Tannahill. John L., c. March 24, 1864. 

Cuiiif'iniy 11. 

First Lieut. W. N. Monroe, com. .April 28. 1863. resd. 

Aug. 2},. 1864. 
Sergt. John S. Wellman, e. M.inli in. 1863. 
Cooper, L., c. April i, 1863. 
Groger, Richard, e. March i, 1803. 
Jones, Daniel, e. Feb. 11. 1863. 
Kees, D. S.. c. March 10. 1863. 
Luallen. Pleasant, e. Jan. 10, 1863. 
Moore, Wm. T., e. March 10. 1863. 
Thornburg, A. G., e. March 15. 1863. 
Thatcher. C. .A., e. Jan. 15. 1863. 
Williams. John, e. .April 2, 1863. 

Coinf'any p.. 

Capt. George P. Norris, com. ist lieut. Jan. 3. 1863, 

prmtd. capt. June 3. 1865. 
Sergt. Benj. F. (iiger, e. Nov. 14. 1862. 
Corp. Lewis George, e. May 11. 1863. 



Frary, Edgar, e. March 2b. 1864, disd. date iinUnovvn. 

Fisher, John J., c. March 12. 1863. 

Flercr. Wm.. 0. March 27. 1864. disd. Aug. 10, 1864. 

Holcoml), S. A., c. Fel). 18. 1863. 

Rciacli, John C, e. April i, 1863. deserted June 9. 1863. 

Thompson. J., e. April 5. 1863. disd. April 20, 1865. 

Coinfany F. 

Corp. George Butler, e. June i, 1863. 
Jordon. J., c. June l. 1863, kid. in action at Julesl)urg, 
C. T. 

C o Illicit II y G. 

Collins, H. W., c. May j8. 1863, 
Thomas. W. D., c. March .>4. 1863. 

Com/^any !f. 

Second Lieut. Allen Ellsworth, com. July 13. 1863. 

from sergt. Co. C. disd. July g. 1864. 
Sergt. N. F. Munro, e. June 17. 1863. 
Corp. Z. H. Bones, e. May j8, 1863. 
Large, Wm., e. June 18, 1863. 
Wellman, McG. W.. e. Jime _'3, 1863. 

Coiiif'iiiiy /.. • 

Crawford. Geo., e. March i, 1S64. 

Crowley. Patrick, e. Feh. 29. 1S64, disd. May 16. 1863, 

Dulin, James, e. March 4. 1864. 
Israel, A. A., e. March ig, 1864. 
Lock, E. M., e. March 19, 1864. 
Magcc, John, c. March it. 1864. kid. accidentally, 

March 12, 1864. 
Nye, John W., e. Feb. 29, 1864. 
Turner, L. G., c. Feb. 25, 1864. 
Thompson, Wm. E., March 4, 1864. 
Ward, N. W., e. Feb. 29, 1864. 


Bucher. Richard, c. March 26, 1864. 
Baker, David, e. April 16, 1864. 
Clark, John M., e. March 25, 1864. 
Dewing, Geo. W., c. March 21. 1864. 
Doll, L. H., c. March 26. 1864. 

Forsythe, T. I., c. March 30, 1864. 
March, N. B., e. March 31, 1864. 
Mace, H. L., e. March 25, 1864. 
Mace, R., e. March 25, 1864. 
Noe, Samuel, c. March 27. 1864. 
Swinford, John R.. e. March 25, 1864. 
Vance. O. H., e. March 2;^, 1864. 


(Note.— 77;ij- Rcf^iniriit ti'.j.v mustered out al Mii- 
con, Co., .tug. I J, 1S63.] 

Q. M. John Q. .A. Dawson, com. Sept. 17, 1863, resd. 
March 29, 1864. 

Ciiiiipaiiy li. 

Capt. Wm. II. F.vans, com. Sept. 30. 1863, wd. at 

Campbellsvillc, Tenn.. resd. March 9. 1865. 
First Lieut. John T. Ware. e. as ist sergt. June 17, 

1863, prmtd. 2d lieut. April 2. 1864, prmtd. 1st 

lieut. .'\ug. 13, 1864. 
Second Lieut. Daniel Ilcnshaw. com. sergt. Sept. 30, 

1863. resd. April i, 1864, 
Q. M. Sergt. Richard D. Williams, e. June 8, 1863. 
Com. Sergt. Jas. A. .-Mlison. 0. June 13. 1863. 
Sergt. Samuel F. Craig, e. June 10, 1863. captd. at 

Newnan, Ga. 
Sergt. C. R. Kinkade. e. June 24. 1863. kid. at Flor- 
ence, AI;i. 
Sergt. Geo. W. Stephens, e. June 15. 1863. 
Sergt. John P. Glenn, e. June 26, 1863, tran< tn Inv, 

Corps July ,30. 1S64. 
Corp. R. W. Hamilton, e. June 20. 1863. 
Corp. T. J. Haywood, c. Aug. 4, 1863. 
Corp. K. M. Young, e. June 20, 1863. « 

'.' orp. John C. McDole. e: July 6. 1863. 
Corp. W. Callin, c. .\ug. 14. 1863. 
Trumpeter A. J. Graham, e. June 20, 1863, captd. at 

Newnan, Ga. 
Wagoner Thomas B. Calc. e. June 14, 1863. trans, to 

Inv. Corns April 30. 1864. 
Burton. E. L., e. June 20, 1SO3, captd. at Xcwnan, Ga., 

died at Annapolis. 
Byruni, E. L., e. July 6. |8()3. 

Byrmn, L. E., e. Aug. 15. 1863. captd. at Newnan, Ga. 
Babb, H. C, e. Jime 22. 1863, wd. at Cassville. Ga. 
Conwell, John W., e. Aug. 6. 1863, wd. at Nashville, 

trans, to Inv. Corps .April 2. 1^5. 

1 86 


Conwoll, Lott. e. Aug. lo. 1863. 

Cl'tic. Simeon, e. Aug. 2. 186,?. 

Cotter, J.inios. e. Aug. 25, 1863. 

Fetter. .\. J., c. June 20, 1863. 

Frisby, Wni.. e. June 22. 1863. died at Xasliville. 

Griftis, Wni. B., e. June 20. 1863. disd. Oct. 30. 1863. 

Glenn, Jos. N., e. June 26, 1863. 

Gladson, Wni. P., e. June 17, 1863. "• 

Gcttys, L. N., e. Aug. 15. 1863. 

Tlnk, M., c. July 8, 1863, died at Kingston, Ga. 

Mill. A. M.. e. June 20, 1863. 

Harris, B., e. Aug. i. 1863. captd. at Sipsy River. .-Ma. 

Howe, Geo., c. Aug. 8, 1863. captd. at Sipsy River, Ala. 

H.-:nd, E., e. Aug. 17. 1863. captd. at River, Ala. 

Jnurdon, John VV.. e. June 29. 1863. 

Jourdon. B. F., e. July 23, 1863, captd. at Kewiian. Ga. 

K'.rr. II. J., e. Aug. 11, 1863. 

Lc;\vis, Goo., i. July 8. 1863. died at Nashville, Tenn. 

Land, James, e. June 26, 1863. 

Myers, J. C, c. July 4. 1863. 

MofTal. Jos., e. June 20. 1863, captd. at Sipsv River, 

A In. 
MotTatt. Saml.. e. June 20. 1863. captd. at Sipsv River. 

Olney, L. W., e. July 6. 1863. 
Packer, F. G., e. July ig. 1863. 
Pollanl. n. H.. c. July 4, 1863. 
Roberts, P. H., c. July 10. 1863. 
Roberts. \Vm. A., e. July 6. 1863. 

Rouze, Joseph E., c. June 20, 1863. vvd. at Florence, Ala. 
RJiodes. J. Q., e. July 24, 1863. captd. at Newnan, Ga. 
Shippy, S. R., e. June 11, 1863. 
Stuber. I'"., e. June 13, 1863. 

Sackctt. .\le.x.. e. .Aug. 5, 1863. captd. at Xewiian, Ga. 
Tharp, L. A., e. July 24, 1863. 
Taylor, Samuel, c. July 21, 1863. 
Wilkins, G. W., e. June 10, 1863. 
Wilson, Alfred, e. June 20. 1863, captd. at Xewnan, 

Wolf, H. C, e. July 6. 1S63. died at Xasliville. 
Wilkins, Ralph, e. July 15. 1863, \vd., died at Keokuk. 
Wolf, H. I)., e. July 6, 1863. captd. at Xewnan, Ga., 

died .it Wilmington N. C. 

Company II. 

Barrows, Jas. C, e. July, 1863. r„-n. J., e. Aug., 1863, captd. at Xewnan. Ga. 

Compiiiiy L. 

Capt. -Varon Pinney, com. Sept. 30, 1863. 

Second Lieut. X\-wton Doggett, e. as sergt. Aug. 8, 

1863, captd. at X'ewnan, Ga., pntitd. 2d lieut. Aug. 

28, 1865. 
Sergt. H. D. Owen, e. June 9. 1863. captd. at Xewnan, 

Sergt. John Underwood, e. June 11. 1863, died at 

Corp. John Clark, e. Julv 15, 1863. captd. at Xewnan, 

Saddler N. W. Collier, e. June 10, 1863. 
Wagoner E. Ashcraft. e. June 13, 1863. 
Barnett, O. P., e. June 28, 1863. 
Backus, Jas. M., c. July 27. 1S63. captd. at Kingston, 

Ga., died at Andcrsonville. 
Cochran, Jas. H., e. .\ug. 17, 1863. wd. at Florence. 
Duley, John M.. e. July 8, 1863. 
Gotte, Joseph, c. June j-, 1863. 
Goodwin, O., e. .Vug. 4, 1863. 
Hcndren, E. R., e. June 19, 1863. 
Hazlett, E. C. e. June 14, 1863. 
Hendricks, W. A., c. Sept. 2. 1863. 
Jewett. A., e. June 10. 1863, disd. .\ug. 11, 1864. disab. 
Klingler, Geo. W., e. June 10, 1863. 
Merryfield. John F.. c. Aug. 10, 1863. 
Morrow-, Samuel E., e. July 20, 1863. 
Mtinro, Geo. W., e. Aug. 17, 1863, wd. at Canip- 

bellville, Tenn. 
McCorniick. S., e. July 27. 1863. 
Mercer. B. C, e. .-\ug. ii, 1863. 
McVcy. H. K.. c. Aug.. 1863. 
Packer. .A., e. June 10, 1863, disd. April 27. 1864. 
Place, John W.. c. July 10, 1863. 
Peterson, John .\.. e. July 8, 1863, wd. at Cypress 

Creek. Ala. 
Renfro. John B., e. July 22. 1863. 
Sheafer. P. M.. c. July 27, 1863. 
Thompson, T. J., e. July 12, 1863. 
Taylor, John W., c. June 15, 1863. 
Whipple. Joseph, e. Aug. 20. 1863. 

Company M. 
Saddler Geo. W. Lindsay, c. July 9, 1863. 


[Note. — Tlic vc'luiitccrs of this regiment ivcrc mus- 
tered out at Little Koeh. /■eh. ,?, 1S66; field staff and 



Coml<anics A, C and U. Feb. 3S; Company I, March 75; 
Company B, March 33.] 

Company B. 

Scrgt. Williani Ware. c. Oct. 9. 1863. 

Company C. 

First Lieut. Tliomas J. Rcigart. com. Nov. 30. 1863. res. 

May 22. 1865. 
Sergt. Williani M. (Jill, c. .\iig. iS, 1863. 
Girp. John R. Brown, c. .Aug. 12, 1863. 
Farrier G. C. Bell. e. Sept. 25, 1863. 
Batson, Henry, e. Aug. 16. 1863. 
Carhartt. Clay. e. Oct. 10. 1863. 

Carver. J. H.. e. Oct. 5. 1863. died at Litllc Rock. .\rlc. 
Godfrey, I. I., e. Oct. 6, 1803. 
King, Charles, e. Sept. 5, 1863. 
Mullenix, David, e. Aug. 21, 1863. 
Randolph, I., c. Aug. 12, 1863. 
Wolfe. Levi, e. Sept. 12, 1863. 
Williams. Thomas, e. Sept. 26. 1863. 

Company I. 

Capt. Cyrus C. Bitncr. com. \ov. 30. 1863. resd. .'Xug, 

3. 1864. 
First Lieut. Thomas J. Laflcrty. com. N'ov. 30, 1863, 

resd. July 27, 1864. 
First Lieut. John H. Killiuhargcr, e. as sergt. Oct. 15, 

1863. prmtd. 1st lieut. >Lny 10. 1865. 
Sergt. Rlias Wliitcd, e. Sept. i. 1863. died at Memphis. 
Sergt. C. M. Lazenby, e. Sept. I, 1863. 
Corp. John P. Heskett. c. Sept. i,' 1863. 
Corp. Mahlon Lappin, e. Sept. i, 1863. 
Corp. F. A. Jones, e. Sept. 15, 1863. 
Corp. Harry Jones, e. Sept. 15, 1863. 
Corp. James F. Askey, e. Sept. i. 1863. 
Farrier Wni. W. Napier, e. Sept. 15, 1863. 
Wagoner Michael Burk, e. Sept. 21. 1863. 
Annaws, W. N., e. Sept. 29, 1863. 
Carson, James, e. Sept. 11. 1863. disd. May 5, 1864. 

Crowl, J. E., e. Oct. 15, 1863. 
Paris, William, e. Oct. 21, 1863. 
Marshall, J, N., c. Oct. i, 1863. 
McMaster, W. R., e. Nov. 23, 1863, 
Phillips, S. B., e. Oct. 16, 1863. 

Pike, H. C, e. Sept. 15, 1863, 

Porter, J. H., e. Oct. 31, 1863. 

Powclson, L., Oct. 5. 1863. 

Pyatt, John, e. Sept. 30, 1863. 

Regester. J. E.. e. Oct. 15, 1863. 

Ruffcorn. W. H.. c. Oct. 15. 1863, died at Eddyville, 

June 8. 1864. 
Salon, J. W.. e. Sept. 10, 1863. 
Ward. Simon, e. Oct. 10. 1863. 
Ward. J. M.. e. Oct. 10. 18^3. 

Company K. 

First Lieut. Wallace B. Goodal. com. 1st lieut. from 

Regt. Q. M. Sergt. Sept. 19. 1865. 
Brown. C, e. Oct. 28. 1863. 
Rllcr. C, c. Oct. 28, 1863. 

Company M. 

Pumroy. Jolm. com. Nov. ,^0. 1862. died at Ottumwn. 
Q. M. Sergt. Henry Simons, e. Aug. 21, 1863. 
Sergt. Sidney A. Jones, e. ."Vug. 25, 1863. 
Sergt. Merritt M. Ford, c. Aug. 4, 1863, died at 

Ottumwa, Feb. 19, 1865. 
Corp. E. T. Muna, e. .-Vug. 25, 1863. 
Trumpeter W. J., Osterhaut, c. Sept. r, 1863. 
.\dams. J. J., e. Sept. 14. 1863. 
Allen. J. S.. e..July 29. 1863. 
Burns, Hugh, e. Sept. 14. 1863. 
Fightmaster, Alexander, c. July 22, 1863. 
Kibler, J. D., e. Aug. 4, 1863. 
Osterhaut, C. E.. e. July 22. i8f)3, kid. at Lcwishurg, 

.'\rk.. shot by guard during a riot. 
Pegg, W. J., e. Nov. 11, 1863. 
Payne, J. J., e. Aug. 28, 1863. 
Par.sons, J. A., e. Aug. 12, 1863. 
Wolf, John, e. Oct. 9. 1863. 

MISl fcl.]. A.NKOL >. 

First Infantry. 

Hoag, Stephen, e. .April 2,^. 1861, m. o. .Vug. 25, 1861. 
Ott, Goltfred, c. .\ug. 23. 1861, m. o. Aug. 25, 1861 
Ott. Gottfred. e. .Aug, 2^. 1S61. m. o. Aug. 25, l8()i. 
Brown. Edward P.. e. .\pril 20. 1861, ni. o. -Aug. 25, 



Tliirtt Infantry. 

Nidiver, Geo. M., c. June i, i86r, m. o. June or Julj',^ 

Fnurth Infantry. 

[Note. — This regiment zcas nnislered out at Louis- 
ville. Ky.. July >'./. lS6=,.\ 

Corp. Thus. Ponieroy, e. July 4. 1861. trans, lo Inv. 

McGraw, John, e. Dec. 6. i86r. 
Atkinson. John W., e. Sept. 18, 1862. 
Allen. VV'ni. W.. e. Sept. 18, 1862. 
Allen. John L.. e. Sept. 18, i86j. 
Bighani, Robert, e. June 16, 1864. 
Crawford. E. M., e. Sept. 15, 1862. 
Case, D. T., e. Sept. 15, 1862. 
Dutton, Jeremiah, e. Sept. 18, 1862. 
Foster, Torrcnce, e. Sept. 18. 1862. 
Gibbs. F. M., e. Sept. 18. 1862. 
Greenlee. M., e. Sept. 18, 1862. 
Gomes, Jas. R., e. Sept. 18. 1862. 
Hawk, Wni.. c. Sept. 18, 1862. 
Lewcllen, Win. T., e. Sept. 18, 1862. 
Laing, Geo. J., e. Sept. 18, 1862. 
Millard, John H.. e. Sept. 18,' 1862. 
Nelson. N. G., e. Sept. 18, 1862. 
Pennebakcr. Wni., e. Sept. 18, 1862. 
Poplin. R. (;, M.. e. Sept. 18, 1862. 
RatclilTe, Win. A., e. Sept. 18, 1862. 
Robinson, Wm., e. Sept. 18, 1862., Frederick, e. Sept. 18, 1862. 
Shumord, John L., e. Sept. 18, 1862. 

.Si.Ylli Infantry. 

Corp. Hiram Hull. c. July 1. iSdi, disd. Nov. 25, 

1862, disab. 

Brown, Geo. A., e. July i. i86r. wd. April 6, 1862, 

m. o. July 24, 1865. 

Bradley, E. P., vet. Jan. i. 1864. wd.. ni. o. July 24 


McGonegal, , vet. Jan. i, 1864. 

Eighth Infantry. 

Cummins, W. H., e. i86[, captd. at Shiloh, April 6, 
1862, vet. Jan. 1, 1864, m. o. April 20, 1866. 

First Lieut. J. G. Harrow, com. Sef)t. 23. 1861, resd. 
Dec. 31, i86r. 
'Dougherty, Wm., e. Aug, 10, 1861, m. o. .Vpril 20, 1866. 
Grier, Geo., died Dec. 26, 1864, of wds. 
Johnson, Wm., e. .^ug. 10! l8fii, ni, o. April 20, 1866. 

Tenth Infantry. 

Holland. J. W., e. .Aug. 22, 1861, m. o. Aug. 15, 1865. 

Elcz'cnth Infantry. 

Second Lieut. Wm. AL Twiggs, e. Sept. 17. 1861. com. 
Oct. 3, 1861, was private in Co. C, ist Inf.. m. o. 
July 15. 1863. 

Thirteenth Infantry. 

Asst. Surg. Seneca R. Thrall, com. Aug. 19, 1862, resd. 

April 4, 1864. 
Reed, D. M., e. Oct. 10, 1861. vet. Dec. i, 1863, m. o. 

July 21, 1865. 

Fourtceiitli Infantry. 

Musician Francis W. Kimble, e. Oct. 15, 1862, m. o. 

Nov. 16, 1864. 
Littlefield, Wm. C, e. Oct. 17, 1862, m. o. Nov. 16, 

Bartholomew, Robt., e. Oct. 18. t86i, missing at Shiloh, 

died Aug. 5, 1863. 
Bearden, Wm., e. Oct. 17, 1861, captd. at Shiloh. 
Turner, Hiram, e. Oct. i, 1861, died at Macon May 

19, 1862. 
Clark. W. F., e. March 28. 1862. 

Turnty-tirsl Infantry. 

Surg. Wm. L. Orr. com. Dec. 2, 1862, from asst. surg. 
3d Cav., rosd. Oct. 29, 1864. 

Tii'enty-third Infantry. 

Browning, W. S., e. March 29, 1864, m. o. Tulv 26, 

Twenty-eighth Infantry. 

Hunter. Jos., e. Dec. 12, 1863, wd. Sept. 19, 1864, m. o. 
July 31, 1865. 



Murphy, I. M., c. Dec. 12, 1863, disd. Nov. 23, 1864. 

Twfiily-iiiiilh Infantry. 

Thompson, John E., e. Feb. 14, 1864, ni. o. Aug. 10, 

Thirliclh Infantry. 

Asst. Surg. J. C. Stoddard, com. Feb. 17, 1863, com. 

declined and canceled. 
Bryant, Benj., e. Aug. g, 1862. trans, to Inv. Corps. 
Berry, John P., e. Aug. 9, 1862. m. o. June 5, 1865. 
Corp. Thos. B. FIcanor, e. Aug. 22, 1862, m. o. June 5, 

Carr, Arthur, e. Aug. 14. 1862, died April 17, 1863. 
Jackson, Geo. W., e. Aug. 17, 1862, died May 20, 186^. 

Thirty-third Infantry. 

Smith, Marion, c. March 22. 1864. m. o. July 17, 1863. 
Trent. Josiah, e. Feb. 2, 1864. 111. o. July 17, 1865. 
Brooks, Peter, e. Feb. 4, 1864, m. o. July 17, 1865. 
Mitchell, Wni. W., e. Feb. 2, 1864, m. o. July 17, 1865. 
Trent, John. c. Feb. 2, 1864. m. o. July 17, 1865. 

Forty-fourth Infantry. 

Middleton. Loomis, e. May 7. 1864. m. o, Sept. 15, 

Forty-tifth Infantry. 

Wallace. A. A., e. April 30. 1864. m. o. Sept. 16, 1864. 

Forly-ei.iihth Infantry. 
Parsons, Jas., e. June 3, 1864. m. o. Oct. 21. 1864. 
Second Caz'alry. 

Larimore, M. K., c. March 10. 1862. died at Hamburg, 

Gartner, D. M., c. March 10. 1862. ni. o. Sept ip 

Fuller, S. J., e. March 19. 1862. died June 13. 1864. 
Lewis. Rufus, e. Aug. 3. i8()2. m. o. Sept. 19, 1865. 
Margaretz. Herman, e. .'\pril i. 1862. missing in battle 

of Boonesville. July i. iSr>2. 
Samuel G. Vannice, e. March i, 1864. died March 22, 

1865, at Eastport, Miss., as ist sergt. 

Fiftli Cafalry. 

Bell, Dora, m. o. Aug. ir. 1865. 

Besco, Henry, disd. Feb. 7. 1862. 

Leonard. Thos.. disd. April 27, 1862. 

Coan, W. S,, e. March 17, 1864, ni. o. Aug. 11, 1865. 

Perrin, F.. e. March 27, 1864. m. o. Aug. 11, 1865. 

Quinn. VVm., e. March 30, 1864, m. o. Aug. ir, 1865. 

Quinn. John C, e. March 30, 1864, m. o. Aug 11 

Ly?icb, Jacob, e. March 30. 1864, m. o. Aug. 11. 1865. 
Lynch, Wni. M., e. March 30, 1864, m. o. Aug 11 

Staton, Wm. M.. c. March 30, 1864, m. o. Aug. 11, 

Thompson, J. S., e. March 30, 1864, m. o. Aug. ir, 


First Battery Light Artillery. 

Jr. Second Lieut. D. M. Parks, e. as sergt., 1861, 

prmtd. 2d lieut. March 19, 1864, resd. June 14, 1864. 
Jr. Second Lieut. Jas. Thomas, e. as private, 1861, 

prmtd. 2d lieut. June 13, 1863. 
Sergt. W. M. Van Zant, died Feb. 12. 1864. at St. 

Sergt. D. M. Sparks, m. o. July 3, 1865. 
Corp. Chas. R. Parks, died at Millikin's Bend, La , 

March 7, 1862. 
Artf. Benj. Corbin. \vd. and disd. June 16. 1863, disab. 
Gardner, J. M.. ni. o. July 5, 1865. 
Halsted. Wm. D.. wd.. m. o. July 5, 1863. 
King, Fletcher, diejl .-Kpril 29, 1864, at .Agency City. 
Mills. Wm. H.. died Nov. 5, 1862. at Helena, Ark. 
Parkhurst. Reese. 4<ld. at Pea Ridge. 
Rush. Ross, wd. at Vicksburg. « 

Temple. Jas. A., m. o. July 3. 1865. 
Tosh. Geo. T.; m. o. July 3. 1865. 
Day, Henry, m. o. July 5. 1865. 
Even. Thomp.son. e. Dec. 22, 1863. m. o. July 5. 1863. 
Ferris, S. R.. e. Oct. 10, 1864. ni. o. July 3. 1863. 
Thomas, Even, c. Dec. 22. 1863, m. o. July 3. 1863. 
Gales. Washington, c. Oct. 10, 1864. disd. June 6, 1S63, 


Fourth Battery. 

Hol.hs. W. T.. e. Aug. 27. 1863. ni. o. July 14. 1863. 
Logan, Jacob, c. Aug. 2r, 1863. m. o. July 14, 1865. 
Mounts, John S., e. Aug. 18, 1863, m. o. July 14, 1SC13. 



first Jova Infantry (.-/. 73.) 

led Stales seifiee at Des Moines, lozi'a, May //, 
It left the slate May 21, lS(^S. and icas station 

'd at 

Scrgt, Will. I'liillips, c. .Aug. jg, 1863. m. 



Jacksonville, Florida. It was mustered out of service 


Xoveniber 30, 189^/.] 

Beclinger. Jcp., e. Aug. 25, 1863. died Xi.\ 

.<. 1864. 

at Helena, Ark. 

Capt. F. W. Eckers. 

Carroll. Jas.. e. Aug. 20. 1863. ni. 0. Oct. 15. 


First Lieut. Theodore A. Stocssel. 

Harrison. H.. c. Aug. 20. 1863. died July 29 



Second Lieut. Charles S. Tindell. 

Helena. Ark., of wds. 

Sergt. William R. .Armstrong. 

Le\vi.<, Robert, e. Aug. 25, 1863. died Sept. i 



Sergt.. Q. M.. Maurice G. Holt. 

Helena. .-\rk. 

Sergt. Alexander T. Kasparson. 

McBride. Hiram, c. Aug. 25, 1863. died Aug. 

10. 1864. 

Sergt. William D. Sumner. 

at Helena. Ark. 

Sergt. Leroy Christie. 

Basket. N., e. Sept. 2. 1863. m. 0. Oct. 15. 1865. 

Sergt. Alvin J. Crail. 

Buck, Moses, e. Sept. 2. 1863, m. 0. Oct. 15, 


Corp. Roy J. Cook. 

Brown, Renj., e. Sept. 24, 1863. m. 0. Oct. 15 


Corp. Albert V. Lindcll. 

Davis, Will., e. Sept. 2. 1863, m. 0. Oct. 15. 


Corp. Eugene B. Hill. Jr. 

Holloway, J., c. Aug. 28, 1863. m. 0. Oct. 15. 


Corp. Charles Brown. 

Lewis. Clias. e. Sept. 4. 1863. ni. 0. Oct. 15. i 


Corp. William F. Bickley. 
Corp. Edward Steller. 

5<voiirf Cavalry. M. S. M. 

Corp. Grant Irving Emery. 
Corp. Samuel Maiiro. 

Hendricks. .X. E.. e. Feb. 13. 1862. 

Corp. George H. Elliott. 
Corp. Mernie S. Ballagh. 

Txvcnty-Hflh Missouri Infantry. 

Corp. John H. Wright. 

Musician Joseph Hayes, died at Jacksonville. Fl 


First Lieut. W. H. P. Norris. e. July 26. 186 

I. prn 


September 8. 1898 (typhoid). 

from _'d sergt. Co. K, 2d Inf.. .Xug. 6. 1861. 

Musician Otto .Armstrong. 
.Artificer William T. Smith. 

Tenth III. Cavalry. 

Wagoner Ivory H. Cook. 
Barnuni. Emerson E. 

Doonegan. W.. e. Aug. 16. 1862. 

Bougliner. Charles S. 
Bowser. John W. 

T'urnty-tiflli III. Infantrw 

Curran, John. 

West, A. J. 

Church. Dean K. 

Thirty-fifth III. Infantry. 

Cullen. Frank. 
Davis, Harvey .A. 

Toll, Wm. M.. 0. July 3. 1861. 

DeValt, Albert. 
Ellis, Foster R. 
Ellis. Macy M. 


Emery. Roscoe. 
Frost, Robert. 


Graves, Chauncey .A. 

Grube, Oscar .A., died at Des Moines, October 6, 


M.H II 11 Cmighlan. 

Higgins, Bert D. 

Conil^any G. 

Hobbs. William A. 
Hobbs. William V. 

l-N'otc. — This company jiw.s- nnistcrcil into 

the I 


Hcdrick, Eugene F. 


Langford, J. Elliott. 
Lowe, Robert W. 
Mitchell, Mark M. H. 
Mungoven, Thomas. 
Moore, Charles F. 
Moore, Charles E. 
Parker, Alva A. 
Parker, Fred W. 
Pickett, Charles S. 
Rolison, Merit V. 
Riordan, Joliii T. 

Riordan, Allen B. 
Scott, Charles U. 
Simmons, Harry M. 
Smith, Edward O. 
Siinley, Nate L. 
Snyder, John J. 
Trcase, John C. 
Trowbridge, Edward A 
Terrell, Otis T. 
Wheclock, Herbert K. 
Williams, William W. 



Colonel Ballingall died ]\l:irch 7, 1891. 

Will executed on the 22d day of Novem- 
ber, 1890. 

' Will appointed Mary J. Phillips, A. G. 
Harrow and Charles A. Walsh executors. 
Mrs. Phillips refused to qualify, but Harrow 
and Walsh accepted said appointment and 
qualified as executors. 

Suit of Mary J- Phillips, David Hodge, 
Charles and Harry Hodge, plaintiffs, z's. Har- 
row and Walsh, executors, and the Qttumwa 
Library Association, the City of Ottumwa and 
Mattie J. Thomas, defendants, begun on the 
2ist day of December, 1891, attacking the 
eighth and ninth paragraphs of the will. 

The lower court. Judge E. L. Burton, sit- 
ting, decided in favor of the plaintiffs. The 
Supreme Court, on appeal taken by the execu- 
tors, reversed the decision of the lower court 
and sustained the will in every particular. 

The City of Ottumwa, by its Council, 
adopted a resolution in March, 1895, accept- 
ing that part of out-lot Xo. 13, devised to 
the pul)lic for park purposes, and obligated 
itself to construct and maintain a public park 
on said premises as provided by the terms of 
the will, but refused to accept the trust further. 
The court afterward appointed Charles A, 

Walsh as trustee in the place of the City of 


By the eighth' paragraph of the will the 
Ottumwa Library Association was given an 
annuity of $200, also a strip of ground 34 feet 
■\\ iile, fronting on Main street and extending 
back to the right of way of the C. R. L & P. 
Railway. The dex'ise of real estate to the Li- 
brary .Association is upon the express condi- 
tion that the said ground shall be used for the 
purpose of erecting thereon a building for the 
use and benefit of a public library. 

By the ninth paragraph of the will, the 
Ballingall House property, the -property then 
known as the ^Magnolia Restaurant (now 
known as the English Kitchen), the Pony 
Pork House (now used as a pickle factory), 
part of out-lot No. 13, part of lot No. 370 
were given to the City of Ottumwa in trust for 
the following uses and purpses : 

The Ballingall House to be kept up as a 
hotel ; part of out-lot No. 13 to become a pub- 
he park ; part of the same lot to be used for a 
fiower conservatory; the remainder of the 
property to lie leased or sold according to the 
judgment of the trustee. 



•V sinking fund uf $20,000 to be estab- 
lished first ; then the will directs from the rents 
and incomes the establishment of a second 
fund of $6,000. The first fund to be used for 
remodeling the hotel building, to suitably 
kee^j up with the times and the growth of the 
city ; tiie second fund for the purpose of main- 
taining the pul)lic library now established. 
The will i)rovides that upon the refusal of the 
Librar}- Association to accept or use the 
ground willed to it for the purpose of erecting 
r. library building thereon, that the same shall 
go to the City of Ottumwa and lieconie a part 
of the public park. 

.\fter the founding of the perpetual sink- 
ing fund of $20,000 and the expenditure of 

the second fund of $6,000 as directed, the will 
provides that all accumulations arising from 
the rents of the property and from the interest 
on the sinking fund shall go and be devoted 
to the following uses and purposes annually: 

One-fourth to fhe Library Association. 

One-fourth to poor and needy people of 
Ottumwa who are dependent upon their own 
labor for a livelihood. 

One-fourth to the religious societies of the 
city without regard to sect. 

One-fourth to build or aid in the building 
and maintenance of a foundling hospital, with 
the special view and purpose of relieving un- 
fortunate females and protecting and caring 
for their offspring. 


Representative Citizens 

IIOMAS D. FOSTER, wlio has been 
identified with the extensive pack- 
ing estahHslimenl of John Morrell 
& Com])any. Limited, since 1865, is 
one of tlie t\V(_) American directors of llie firm. 
the other being J. H. Morrell. It is I)y far tlic 
largest bnsiness plant of Wapello county, and 
an institution of which Ottuniwa may well 

ihc business of the John ^b)rrcll Company 
was founded al)out 1830 at Bradford. Vork- 
sliire, England, by John Morrell, who died 
about 1 88 1. It was originally a bacon and 
b.ani curing plant, as well as a wholesale and 
retail grocery. It continued at Bradford un- 
til i860, when it was nu)\ed to Liverpool and 
became a strictly wholesale provision business 
in meats, butter and cheese, being still con- 
trolled by John ^Morrell. From 1856 to 1865 
the packing business was conducted in County 
Kilkenny, Ireland, and a branch office was es- 
tablished in Xew York City in 1864, the main 
office, then, as now, being at Liverpool. The 
branch in America was established with the 
object of purchasing meats, butter, etc., for 
shipment to England. In 1874 the business 

j was closed in Xew ^'ork. packing having been 
in operation in Canada from 1868 to 1874, and 
at Chicago from 1871 to 1874. In 1874 all 
the American interests were transferred to 
Chicago, where an office is now maintained at 
.\'o. 901 Royal Insurance Building. In 1878 
the nucleus of the present mammoth plant was 
erected at Ottumwa, Iowa, where the com])any 
had begun business the previous year. The 

! plant was enlarged anrl completed to its pres- 
ent capacity in 1896. The .\merican feature 
of the business has been highly successful and 

1 satisfactory to the promoters, and has been a 
boon to the country in which it is located. 
The plant consists of man\- large buildings, 
their dimensions being as follows: Main 
building. 194 by 160 feet, seven stories: )yare- 
house, known as building "D." 160 by 128 

{ feet, six stories; slaughtering building. 128 by 
112 feet; engine room, 100 by 70 feet: boiler 
house, 120 by 50 feet ; lard refinery. 1 12 by 70 
feet: box factory, 176 by 50 feet: fertilizer 
building, 72 by 80 feet ; smoke house, sausage 
room and canning buildings, 98 by 108 feet; 
office, 66 by 50 feet ; and the stock yards cover 
five acres of floor space. The boiler room 



contains eight boilers witli an aggregate ca- 
jjacily of 1,740 horse power, the engines are 
700 horse power, and the electric generators 
750 horse power, 'i'he three ice honses have a 
capacity tif 25,000 tons of ice, and the output 
of the four ice machines aggregates 475 tons 
daily. The hanging capacity of the establish- 
ment is from 10,000 to 12,000 liogs. I-'rom 
40 to 50 men arc employed in the engineering 
ciepartment, including the machine and Ijlack- 
smith shoj)s; from 50 to Oo men in the offices; 
and the number in the other departments com- 
bined \aries from 800 to 1,300 men, according 
to the seas(jn. ( )ne day each summer is gi\eu 
as a holiday for a picnic for employes, all of 
whom receive their pay on that da}- as usual. 
'J'hey go to some neighboring town or pleas- 
ant site, se\eral trains being needed to convey 
the throng of people. Those emjjloyes whom 
it is impossible to spare, on this day are paid 
double wages. The concern of jdlm Morrell 
& Company, Limited, belongs to no trust or 
(.ombine, either to hjwer wages or control 
])rices, and pays hrst-class wages to its work- 
men. ]t is conducted on fair business prin- 
ciples, and all work in perfect harmony. The 
packing house is an exceptionally well ap- 
])ointed one. .'uid is kcj)! scrupulously clean in 
every department. 

'J'homas 1). I'cistcr was liorn ;it Bradford, 
"S'orkshire, hjigland, in 1847, '""' ^^'"^^ reared 
and educated in luigland and Ireland. He has 
been identified with John Morrell & Companx', 
]-imited, since 1865, and has luade the busi- 
ness his life work and study. He came to 
.\merica in 1868, and took charge of the com- 

pany's business in tliis country in 1872. He 
has made his iionie in Ottumwa since 1878, 
liaving erected a fine residence on the corner 
of Fifth and Market streets. He is married 
and has a family of 10 children. Religiously, 
the family is Presbyterian. Mr. Foster makes 
regular trips to England in the interest of the 
firm. His portrait is shown on a page in 
pro.ximitv to this. 

CY LORENZO BAILEY, a prominent- 
farmer of Agency township, Wapello 
county. Iowa, has always li\ed upon 
his present farm, on which he was 
born in 1870, the youngest child born to J. 
Howard and Amanda P. (Tull) Bailey. He 
has a one-half interest in 180 acres of land lo- 
cated in secli<ins 2(1 and 27, and is successfully 
engaged in di\ersilied farming. 

J. Howard Bailey with his wife and three 
little children came to Lee county, Iowa, from 
Scott county, Indiana, in 1853, and in 1854 
remo\'ed to a farm in Washington township, 
Wapello county, where he follow'ed farming 
and merchandising until 1857. -^^ then lo- 
cated at Agency ;md in February, 1861, lo- 
cated on a farm in sections 26 and 2y, Agency 
townshi]), which is now the home of our sub- 
ject. Mr. and Mrs. Bailey reared six children, 
as follows: Chapman; Cyrus D. ; Randolph; 
Charles .\. ; Clara W. wife of Hubert W. 
Whitnev, of Pleasant township, Wapello coun- 
t\-; anil (juy Lorenzo. 'J"he father died July 
t8, 1887, and Mrs. Bailey now resides with 
our subject on the old homestead. 



(iu\- L. Bailey was united in the lioly bonds 
(if niatrininiiy with Jeiuiie V.. Burr, who was 
born in \\'ashini;tnn. Wasiiington ci)iuily, 
Idwa, and is a <huii;hter nt A. 'SI. and I. L. 
lUirr. of Menry county, low.a. i''r;iternally, 
lie is a memljei" of tlie Odd l-Ydlows and 
Knights of Pytliias. 1 le was a memljer of tiie 
scliool board of liis chstrict for several years, 
and is now secretary of that body. A man of 
recognized aljility, he commands the respect of 
bis fellow-citizens as a man of worth to the 

A great-grandfather of Mv. Bailey (Joseph 
Wallace) was in the battle of Fort Dtiquesne 
( Brad(lock"s defeat). July y. 1735. A great- 
uncle (Samuel Bailey) was a major in the 
RevolutiiMiar\- War. Another great-uncle 
(John 'J'ull) was in tlie battle of New Orleans 
January 8, 181 5. .\n uncle (Nelson Bailey) 
and a cousin ( .\sbury Tull ) were in the Ci\il 
War. .\ nephew (11. \'erner l>aile\) was a 
lieutenant in a ^bmtaua cavalry company in 
the Siianisb-American \\'ar, being with the 
Rough Riders in Cuba. 


E. JICXT, a gentleman of recog- 
nized skill as a nieclianic, is posess- 
ed of considerable inventise genius 
and is superintendent of the Ot- 
tumw.i llox Car Loader Company, which is en- 
gaged in the manufacture of b(j.\ car loader, a 
pnxliict of his genius, lie was born near To- 
ledo, Ohio, October 5. 1861, and is a son of C. 

J. and I-:iizabeth (Holbrook) Hunt. 

C. J. Hunt is deceased, and his widow 
lives in the state (jf South Dakota. They had 
four sons and two daughters, of whom Frank, 
as well as W. E., is located in Ottumwa and 
is employed as a machinist by the Hardsocg 
ManufacliuMug Company. 

W. ]■'.. Hunt began his successful career 
as a machinist when fourteen years oi age, 
serving an apprenticeship in the railroad slvjps 
of the Cincinnati, Hamilton & Dayton Rail- 
way Company. At the age of twenty-one 
years he came west and followed bis trade at 
different places in the West and Northwest, 
until he came to Otttumwa about the year 
1885. He had charge of different machine 
shops here and spent about ten vears 
with the Ottumwa Iron Works and live years- 
witli the Hardsocg Manufacturing Companv. 
Meanwhile be had been w(jrking on the in- 
\ention of the bo.K car loader, which is pnjv- 
ing such a pronounced success. The first full- 
sized machine was turned out at the Hard- 
socg factc>ry. It is an exceptionally ingenious 
machine and despite its weight of eight tons 
is easily handled by one lever, which controls 
the engine and machinery. The hopper, which 
is i)rovided with a carrier bottom, bas^ ca- 
pacity of about one ton of c<ial. It is u feet 
! in length, revolves on a heavy pivot, and 
lra\els in and out of the car. The machinery 
is operated by an 80-liorse-pow er steam en- 
' g'ne, and is controlled by a single lever, the 
I machine reversing automatically. It is placed 
I directly under the chute and then convevs the 
j coal to different parts of the lx>x car, loading a 
car in seven minutes with the greatest ease. 



The sale to coal companies has Ijeen extensive 
and is rapidly increasing, a completed ma- 
chine retailing at about $2,000. Twelve 
skilled mechanics are employed, and oilier la- 
borers to the extent of 40 men. Mr. Hunt 
and Henry Phillips, a record of whose life 
appears elsewhere in this volume, are equal 
partners in the business, and both are excep- 
tionally shrewd business men. The former, 
being unexcelled as a machinist, is well (|uali- 
lied lo su])crintend tiie work in the factory. 

Mr. Hunt w;is united in marriage with 
Josephine Lewis, a daughter of John Lewis, 
deceased. She is a native of Ottuniwa. where 
.she was reared .ind has always resided. They 
h.-.yc two children: Charles and Hazel. Po- 
litically Mr. Hunt is a strong sui)pnrter of 
Republican jirinciples. He is a member 
of the Ancient Order of L'nited Workmen. 
In a religious connection, he is a member of 
the .Methodist l'"])iscopal church. He has a 
very comfortable home which he built on the 
South Si<U' of Ottumwa. 

. .MrC'.XRROLL, owner of the Mc- 
(arroll Manufacturing Comiiany, one 
of the leading entenirises of Ottum- 
wa, Iowa, is a thorough business man, 
and has met with great success in the manufac- 
ture of various kinds of stoves, of some of 
which he is the jjatentee. He was born in 1 lar- 
rison cnintv. ( )hio. in 1S5 1 . ;m(l is a son oi \\ . 
!•". a"d Mary E. (Timmcrmim) McCnrroll. 
W. F. 'McCarroll came of an old Ohio fam- 

ily, and was engaged in farming until he moved 
west, to Ottumwa, Ljwa, in 1S71. He mar- 
ried Mary K. Timmerman, who had previously 
been married to a l\Ir. Ross, by whom she had 
one child, .Mary E. (Hennegan), who now re- 
.sides with Mrs. J. W. Jordan, of Ottumwa. 
Mrs. McCarroll died when C. T. was but two 
years of age. Mr. McCarroll formed a second 
union, wedding Mary Millsack. and four chil- 
dren were born to them, uamelv : J. B. and 
W. ]•"., who form the firm of McCarroll Broth- 

* ers, conducting a hardware business on Main 

■street, Ottumwa; IMrs. Phoebe (Biddison)! 
whose liusb;ui(l died in 1900: and Mrs. Laura 
( Kilby ), of Ottumwa, Mr, Kill)y being a book- 

j keeper in the First National Bank, 

C. T. McCarroll came to Ottumwa in 1871, 
and formed a jiartnership with his father. Inn- 
ing out the h;n-dware business u\ William 
Kraemer on M;iin street. His father died in 
1891, but the business continued to be con- 
ducted under the firm name of W. ¥. McCar- 

^ n,ll ^: S.,:i r.ntil l-'ebruary, 1898. C. T. Mc- 
Carroll then sold or.t to the Lkirper X; .Mclntire 
Com])any, and entered U])on his jircsent busi- 
ness of manufacturing stoves. He purchased 
land at the cmI of the car line on West Sec- 
ond street, filled up the ground and erected his 
present building, 30 jjy 1 18 feet, in dimensions, 
with an ell jo b\- 30 feet in size, used as a store- 
room. He employs a number of people in the 
manufacture of stoves, and uses a large num- 
l)cr of special machines, thus lessening the 
amount of labor re(pured. .\ number of the 
machines were patented b)- him. He has 
shown considerable skill as an inventor, one 



of liis inventions I)eing a soft dial lilasl-heater, 
with to]) draft, wliicli readily burns slack and 
soft coal, anil was patented in August, 1900. 
He also patented, in 1898. a sheet-iron wood- 
l)urncr with no nj) draft, the heat being forced 
to the Ijottom of the stove before ascending; it 
is called a wood base-burner. He has a Large 
sale of these and they are giving universal satis- 
factitin where\cr used. He also makes heavy 
air-tight heaters and farmers' feed cookers. 
He has a sheet-iron wood carrier, and other 
conveniences. The plant covers one and a half 
acres of ground and is comjilete in all its de- 
tails, the power being furnished by a gasoline 
engine. He is also connected witli the Ot- 
tumwa Brick & Construction Company, of 
which D. F. Morey is manager. 

.Mr. McCarroU was joined in marriage with 
Emma L. Foster, a daughter of Thomas Foster. 
Mrs. McCarroll was reared in Wapello county, 
Iowa. They ha\e three children, as follows: 
Mary, Helen and Laura. Politically, Mr. Mc- 
Cirnjll is a Republican, and served as alder- 
man of the sixth ward, in which he has a good 
residence property. He is a member of the 
Royal .\rcanum. He is liberal in religious 


* ■ » 

11. WILLIAMS is president of the 
Fair-Williams Bridge & Manufactur- 
ing Company, at Ottumwa, the only 
concern of the kind in Wapello county. 
He has been engaged in this line of business 
since 1880. and has displayed great business 
abilitv. This is one of the leading industries of 

Ottumwa. and the largest plant of its kind in 
the state of Iowa. He was born in 1840 in 
Crawford county, I'ennsylvania. and is a son of 
James AVilliams. 

lames Williams was a mechanic bv trade 
and lived in Pennsylvania until his death in 
1859. His wife died later at the age of eighty 
years. He had two children : J. H. ; and Mrs. 
Mnry (Daniels), of Crawford county. Penn- 

j. II. Williams was reared and educated in 
Craw lord county, Pennsylvania, and worked 
in the machine shops at Conneautville. in that 
county, when a boy. lie enlisted, in \Hf>7,. in 
Company C, i uth Reg.. Pa. \'ol. Inf. (then 
converted int(j the 2d Pa. .\rtillery) and served 
until the ck se of the war. He first came to Iowa 
in 18 16, and one year later located near Keosau- 
(|ua. Iowa, having completed an apprenticeship 
as a carpenter and joiner before coming to this 
state. In i88d, he became identified with the 
l)ridgc and manufacturing business at Keosau- 
(|ua, and owned and operated a ])lant there. In 
1887. he moved to Ottumwa, Iowa, and with 
Mr. hair established the present business, hav- 
i'.ig purchased the plant of the Ottumwa Plow 
Conipany. They have since added largely to 
the buildings, and, in addition to the ware- 
house, there is now a sjjace of 1 10 by 160 feet 
under roof. In 1900, the large fire-proof brick 
I structure was erected, and they have a foundry 
com])lete in all its appointments. The firm 
was incorporated as the Fair-Williams Bridge 
& Manufacturing Company in 1894, with .Mr. 
Williams as i:resident and E. D. Fair as secre- 
tary and treasurer. They manufacture bridge 



material ami arciiitectural inm work, and em- 
ploy about 40 men. who are mainly lirst-.class 
mechanics and iron workers. They have a 
wide held for the sale of their jjroducts, em- 
bracing Iowa, Illinois, Missouri, Nebraska, 
Dakota and Colorado, and their business is 
rapidlv increasins^'. The owners attend to the 
interests of the lirni on the road, and are en- 
terprising and energetic business men. 

E. D. Fair was born in Maryland near the 
Pennsylvania line, and is a son of John Fair, 
who with his family came to \\'a])cllo county. 
iowa. in i85(). and located a little north of 
Agency, where he followed farming. At the 
time of the removal to this state, E. D. Fair 
was but ten years of age. He learned the car- 
])enler's trade and did some contracting, and 
later cros.sed the plains and contracted on the 
gradework of the Union Pacific Railroad. He 
returned to Wapello county. Iowa, in 1869, 
contracted for bridge building in the county, 
and in 1SS7 began steel bridge making, which 
he has since continued. His parents are de- 
ceased. He married ]\Iiss Giltner, a daugh- 
ter of William Giltner, tleceased, who was a 
pioneer of this county. They ha\-e si.K chil- 
dren, one of whom is Dr. A. P«. hair, of Iowa 
City. The others reside at or near .\gency, 
where he has his home and owns extensive 
farming interests. 

-Mr. \\ illiams was married in Penns\lvania 
to L(jvina Wright, who died and left seven 
children: F'rank, who is in the em])loy of the 
Fair-Williams Bridge & Manufacturing Com- 
pany, at Ottumwa; Eva 1 llnnur). wlmse Iuls- 
l);ind is a druggist in Eddyville. Iowa: Mrs, 

Tettershall, of Chicago; Flora (Gibson), of 
Los Angeles, California: ^Nlrs. William Gregg, 
of Burlington, Iowa; Mrs. Craighead, of Joliet, 
Illinois, and Bert, of Ottumwa, Iowa. Polit- 
ically, Mr. Williams is a Republican, and cast 
his first vote for Lincoln. Fraternall\ . he is a 
Mason .and Knight Templ;ir. ;uid belongs to 
the Elks. Religiously, he is a ^Vlethodist. Mrs. 
Williams died in September. 1900, at the age 
of si.xty-one years. 

I. A. V. STEVEXS, who was long 
a prominent member of the medi- 
cal profession in Wai)ello county, 
Iowa, was engaged in acti\c practice 
at Highland Center for a period of thirty-seven 
years, but is now living a retired life at Ot- 
tumwa. He is a man of pleasing personality 
and has man_\- friends throughout this county. 

Dr. .Stevens was born in Harrison county, 
Indiana, in 181 5. and at a very early date 
went to Illinois, where he was located until 
1853. In that year he came to Wa])ello coun- 
ty, Iowa, and settled in Highl;uul township. 
He erected a log caliin. to which he took his 
bride, and improved the claim he had entered. 
He resided there until 1893, and then moved 
to Ottumwa. When he first came to this 
county a log-house was the onlv dwelling in 
Ottumwa. in which a general store was con- 
ducted by Mr. ne\in. He sold his land in 
J 893 and has since been retired from business, 
enjoying life at his home in Ottumwa, at the 
age of eighty-six years. 

Dr. Ste\-ens formed a matrimonial alliance 


>^>» ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^1 

4 ..^ 






jj^^^jjl^^^ M^PBI^ 




with Catherine Miller, wlio was horn in Ken- 
tucky, and the_\" hecanic the ])arents of the t'ol- 
luwing children: Charlotte; Nancy: Lydia; 
Rhoda ; Ernest: Jacol): Owen; Douglas; and 
Orlando, llis children are all well settled and 
he gathers much enjmnient from their eoni- 
pan\-. .Mrs. Ste\ens, who was a woman of 
amiahlc disposition, attracti\e manners an<l 
high character, died in Ottumwa some time 
after their removal here. Politically, Dr. Ste- 
vens is a Democrat, and has served on the 
school hoard of his townshi]) for fifteen years. 
He is a faithful memher of the l?ai)tist cluuxdi. 

B. BONNIFIELD, a gentleman 
exceedingly prominent in the cir- 
cles of finance in this section 
t)f the state of Iowa, whose 
portrait is shown herewith, is president 
of the I'irst National iSank of Ottum- 
wa. huva. He has heen heated in this 
city for more than forty _\ears. and dur- 
ing tliis time lias heen closely identified with 
all puhlic imi)ro\ements, and all projects tend- 
ing to benefit tlie community. 

Mr. Pionuifield was horn in Randolph 
county, Virginia, l-"e1)ruary 23, 1827, and 
moved with his parents to Jefiferson county, 
Iowa, in the spring of 1837, where they set- 
tled on a farm nine miles east of Fairfield. 
Tliere both of his parents died in tlie spring 
()f 1841, leaving a large family of cliildren. 
He remained on the farm until 1847, attend- 
ing .school in tlic winter months in tlie log 

school-liouse ( which had greased paper in the 
windows in the place of glass j, and working 
on the farm through the summer months. Mr. 
Pjonniheld was \ery desirous of obtaining an 
education. Jn 1847. he and his two younger 
brothers went to the h)\va W'esleyan Cniver- 
sitv at .Mount Pleasant, Iowa, and remained 
there one and a half years. From there they 
j went to Pennnsylvania, in 1849, and attended 
' .Mlegheny College. At that early day there 
' was no means of public conveyance from Iowa 
j to Meadville, Pennsylvania, the seat of .\1- 
legheny College, e.xcept by boat on the Missis- 
! f.ippi and Ohio river.s to Pittsburg, and tlience 
by canal to A[ead\ille. As cholera prevailed 
on those ri\ers in that }-ear, these three broth- 
ers chose to tramp across the prairies of Illi- 
nois to Chicago, and carry their luggage, get- 
ting a ride occasionally in a farm-wagon for 
pay or through the sympathy of a farmer. 
There was at th;it time but one railroad, the 
^Michigan Southern, by which transportation 
east from Chicago could be secured, and as 
the fare was tnore expensive than by water, 
these three sore-footed boys took a steamer 
on the lakes for I'.ric, 40 miles from .Mlegheny 
College: but by the time they got to Cle\e- 
land, Ohio, they concluded they would not con- 
tribute anything more towards the filling of the 
Icke and aljandoned the steamer for a tramp 
of 90 miles to Meadville. .\fter remaining 
I in college for two and a half years, their 
' purse was fomul depleted to such an extent 
that something had to be done. Therefore 
W. B. Bonnifield went to Kentucky and tauglit 
school for a term of five months, fulh' ex- 



pectins,' to return to college. He was in- 
duced to Slav anotlier term, with increased 
pay, and then, still anotlier term, so that he 
remained nearly two years. At this time the 
California gold fever was prevalent all over 
the country. -Mr. Honnilield crossed the plains 
l)y means of ox teams, in 1853, in company 
with fnur brothers. He followed mining and 
stiK-k-raising in nnrlhern California until 
186c. when he returned east and located at 
Ottumwa, Iowa. His California venture wai 
reasor.ably successful, at least he returned with 
more than he took there with him. He en- 
gaged in the private hanking business in Ot- 
tumwa. in October, i8f)i, with his two broth- 
ers, under the firm name of P.onnilield Broth- 
ers, and continued thus until October, 1803. 
'J'hen, on the pas.sage of the national banking 
law he organized the I'irst National Bank of 
Ottumwa. with a cai)it;il stcck of $6o,000. 
This l)ank was Xo. 107. and was the first na- 
tional bank organized west of the Mississippi 
river. Me was its tirst cashier and George 
Gilkispy its tirst ])resident. Within the 
first vear Mr. lionnilieUl was made jircs- 
ident, and has since continued in that 
capacity with the exception of two years. 
James 1 lawley serving as its ])resident 
during that jjcriod. This bank is considered 
one of the best managed and most successful 
in the state of Iowa. It doubled its capital 
stock of $60,000 in 1 89 1 . and has paid $460,- 
300 in di\idcnds to its stnckholdcrs since its 
organization. Mv. I'.onnilield was ])resident 
and treasurer of tlie Iowa Central Coal Com- 

pany, at Oskaloosa, for one year, and was 
treasurer of the St. Louis & Cedar l-iapids 
Railroad Company for six years, until it was 
sold to the Milwaukee system. He has always 
been prominently identified with public enter- 
prises, whose object, was tt> increase the 
growth and prosperity of the community. He 
was one of the promoters of the Ottumwa 
Water Power Comjiany, and ser\-ed as its 
president for eight years. 

W. B. Bonnifield was united in marriage 
October 28, 1862, with Alcinda Innskeep, a 
nati\-e of Hillshnro. ( )hio. anil the_\' have 
reared three children, as follows: Mary B. 
(Hormel), of Cedar Rapids, Iowa; Lizzie B. 
(Simmons), of Ottumwa, Iowa; and \\"illiam 
B., Jr., assistant cashier of the First National 
Bank of Ottumwa. \\h<i married Lizette Xear, 
of Racine. Wisconsin. In 1870, Mr. Bonni- 
field built a residence on the corner of Sec- 
ond and Jefferson streets, in which he has since 
resided. He has f(.r many years been a mem- 
ber of the Masonic fr;itcrnity. Religiously 
he is a member of the Methodist Episcopal 

In 1898, the Union Trust & Savings Bank 
was organized with a capital of $50,000 by the 
same men who controlled the h'irst National 
Bank, and as a result the capital of the latter 
was reduced to $100,000. The present di- 
rectors of the I-'irst National Bank are: \\ . 
B. Bonnilield: Martin Hutchison (cashier); 
George Haw; J. B. S:in ; and W. B. liimni- 
lield. Jr. The hank oflicials erected their own 
building in 1870, and occupied it until 1880, 



wlien it was (k'stnixed 1)\' lire. Iliev rcliuilt 
in 1881. 1111 tlic ciirucr ol" Alain and M.arket 

W. B. l!i)nnitiei(l has been an important 
t'actnr in the bnihliny n]) of Ottnniwa : lie lias 
all the time l)een a l)anker. brini^ing to the 
l)nsiness his nati\e good sense ;ls well as that 
financial educati' n that conies to those wIkj 
are accustomed to handling the money of oth- 
ers; lie lias never asjjirid to ofhcc, but steadily 
kept in \iew the interests of tlmse who con- 
tided in liini as a financier, and has so managed 
tlie affairs of his bank that at no time has it 
been i:i peril, or even threatened with peril. In 
tlie exercise of functions he has had the 
accustomed experience of bankers, and yet with 
all of liis conservatism there ha.-; never bcL'n 
a day or an hour that he has not been ready 
to aid all legitimate enterprises that have been 
calculated to advance the interests of Ot- 
tf.nnv.'i, materiallx- as well as morally. He 
has. at the risk of loss, been a fearless ad- 


vocate of temperance, and in every way he 
lias thrown liis inlluence in favor of things 
that contribute to good rather than to evil. In 
all the i)ublic movements for charitv the name 
of W. I!, r.onnilieid has been among the fore- 
most in contributing to relieve the woes of 
others, whether at home ur al)r«a(I. 

It will l)e seen by tliis sketch that Mr. 
Bonnitield attained bis ])reseiU position 
througii liis own efforts and without the aid of 
any extraordinary circumstances in his favcr. 
In early life lie worked on a farm; later on 
lie taught scluiol, and when California offered 
an opportunity for enterprising young .Ameri- 

cans, he was acKenturous enough to take his 
chances, lie met with no great fortune therr, 
but he returned to the state with more money 
than he took with him; he was all the time 
prudent, laboring earnestly, and all that he 
gained was through his untiring industrv and 
excellent judgment in dealing with the prob- 
lems that entered into his experience as a 
miner and .stuck-raiser. lie brought the same 
(;ualities to bear then that he has since dis- 
played ill managing the affairs of a great cor- 
Ijoratioii. which has been built up mainly 
through his efforts. if .Mr. lionnifield had 
been less careful in business matters, and in 
exercising the virtues of ])rudcnce and econ- 
<imy. he wmild imt have been able to do the 
w.rks of ch.arity and libL'r;dit\- which be takes 
pleasure in doing, when the projiur objects 
have l;een presented to him. 

KS. SUS.W !•:. l).\G(iETT. one (.f 

the most highly esteemed residents 

of Ottumwa. \\'a])ello county. 

Iowa, is the widow of \Villiam 

Daggett, who for many years was one of the 

leading business men of Ottumwa. 

William Daggett was born in Jordan, (On- 
ondaga county, Xew 'S'ork, March u, 1830, 
and was a son of Kbenezer Daggett. He lia<l 
three brothers and a sister, namely: Edward. 
who is in the li\cry business at Ottumwa; 
Henry B.. of Brooklield. Misstniri ; C". ]•"., of 
Syracuse, Xew A'ork; and Mrs. Rebecca 
Ab:rse, of California. William Daggett c.ime 



to Ottiimwa frniii Onondaga county. New 
York, in 1856, one year later returning to Sen- 
eca Falls. Xcw York, where he was married. 
his wife accompanying him back to Ottumwa. 
]le was influenced in locating at Ottumwa liy 
Seth Richards, deceased, who was then resid- 
ing at IJentonsport, located on what is now 
the Des Moines \'alley Division of the C. R. 
1. Sc P. Railway. Following that gentleman's 
advice he located at Ottumwa, with the result 
that the city has seen all of his successful busi- 
ness career and been greatly benetitcd thereby. 
In J 857, he engaged in the hardware business 
and a few years later J. W. lulgerly, who had 
been in Mr. Daggett's employ, became a mem- 
ber of the tirm. The tirni of Daggett & Ed- 
gerlv continued until the latter retired. Mr. 
W. T. Harper then became a partner. The 
tirm of Daggett & Harper continued in the 
hardware business until 1K75. when they sold 
out, only to engage in the linseed oil business. 
Mr. Daggett became identified with 1. N. Mast 
in operating the Ottumwa Starch \\'orks. In 
uSjo, ]\Ir. Blake liought the interests of 
stockholders in the Iowa National Bank, and 
in 1872 -Mr. Daggett became one of the direc- 
tors, after which lime he was identified with 
the Ijank as director or vice-president until bis 
death on Feliruary 26, 1900, ha\ing nearly 
rounded out the allotted term of three score 
years and ten. He was possessed of excellent 
business ([ualifications, and was very success- 
ful in whatever line of business he engaged. 
He was largely instrumental in securing the 
water ]K)wer and later the water works, which 
now su])ply the city with \\ater. After the old 

I starch works were sold to the starch trust, Mr. 
Daggett nearly succeeded in bringing the im- 
mense mill to Ottumwa that was later located 
at Des Moines, making several trips to New 
"S'ork for that puri)ose. He was connected 
j w ith all enterprises of note and was a conser- 
\ati\-e business man of good judgment. In 
late years he was known as Ottumwa's lead- 
ing financier, and was always appealed to 
when anv new industry wished to locate here. 
He looked (horougbly into the merits of the 
Jannc\' Manufacturing C"omi)any, and aided 
largelv in securing its location. He later 
placed ca])ital at the ctnnjiany's command and 
served as its treasurer. When the possiljility 
of bringing the immense Dain works to Ot- 
tumwa was t'lrst learned. Mr. Daggett was one 
of the first to ])lace his shoulder to the wheel 
and ]Hish the enteri)rise to a successful issue. 
j At the time of bis death Mr. Daggett was 
[ busilv engaged in Irving to bring a large cok- 
I ing ])lant here, which would mean thousands 
of tloUars of revenue annually to Ottumwa, and 
that success had crowned his efTorts is shown 
by a letter which was received from L. Z. 
Leiter only a few hours before his death rela- 
ti\'e to the matter. Tlic iiromotcrs of the en- 
terjjrise tacitly announced their intention of 
placing the plant here. There is not a large in- 
dustry in Ottumwa which was not fa\'ore(I in 
some way b_\- Mr. Daggett, cither financially 
or by work in its interest. He was also vice- 
president of the Ottumwa Railway, Electric 
L.ight & Steam Companv. president of the 
Ei|uitable Loan .Association, and a director of 
the Ottumwa Opera House Compaii}-. He 




was pn niincntl}- idcntiticd with the Trinity 
Episcopal cliurch, of which lie was a warden 
since 18^13, hein^ senidr warden at his death, 
and was most liheral in its linancial support. 
He was instrumental in getting the original 
clmrch structure, and when the last edifice was 
erected he not only gave liberally of his wealth 
toward its successful completion, but actually 
superintended its construction. 

Mr. Daggett was married at Seneca l-"alls, 
Xew ^drk. October 13. 1857. to Susan E. 
Daniels. She was born in Seneca • Falls, in 
1835, and is a daughter of (icorge H. and 
]\lary S. (Giddiiigs) Daniels, her father at 
one time ser\-ing in Congress from Seneca 
county. Her mother recently celebrated her 
ninetieth birthday. She comes of old Revolu- 
tionary stock, and has a brother residing in 
Seneca Falls. Mr. and ^Irs. Daggett became 
parents of eight children. se\en of whom are 
living: Minnie A.: Maude; \\'allace R.. casli- 
ier of the Iowa National Bank of Ottumwa; 
Amy; Eva- (Higdon), of Ottumwa: Blanche; 
and Philip. The ])resent fine brick home was 
erected in 1885 and is located on the corner of 
Fifth and Court streets. Politically. Mr. Dag- 
gett was a Republican. 

whose portrait is .shown on the op- 
posite page, is the senior mem- 
ber of tlie firm of Work & 
\\ork. his son Emmett .\. being a.s- 
snciated with him in the practice of 

law. lie is de\(ilcd to his profession, turning 
neither to the right nor to the left in .search for 
honors or preferment outside of the i)rofe.ssion 
which he has chosen for his life work and which 
he loves so well. He was born on December 
-'5, 1844. on a farm in Jefferson county, Iowa} 

) his father, Joseph Wi.rk. was a native of Clark 
ccnmty, Indiana, and came to Jefiferson county, 

I Iowa, in 1843. The same year, before leaving 
Indiana, the latter was married to Eleanor 
Huckleberry. They moved, in 1845, to \'an 
Buren county, Iowa, near Birmingham, w here 
the subject of this sketch was reared on a farm, 
and became inured to all the hardships, toil and. 
prixations incident to pioneer life. Joseph 
Wiirk represented \'an Buren county in the 
Iowa legislature in 1872. 

William .\lc.\ander Work received his rudi- 
mental education in the old schmjl-house of pio- 
neer days, where he attended a winter and sum- 
mer term until he was old enough to work in 
the field; tiien, he was limited to a winter term 
for several years. In such schools everything 
taught was not from books; the wide expanse 
of prairie, fringed with forests, gave the boy 

I a breadth of character not attained intb^en- 
vironmenls of a town or city. Such a young 
man was Mr. Work in the latter "fifties." 

: when he entered the then well known academy 
at Birmingham. In i86j. he was admitted to 
the college course of Iowa Wesleyan Univers- 

j ity. at Mount Pleasant ; be completed one year's 

I study there, and in i8f)3 enlisted in the United 
States Navy, and was assigned to the United 

I States gunboat "Benton," the flagship of Ad- 
miral Porter's Lower Mississippi Squadron. 



Jle served ihw'uv^ a part df JS<)3 and 1864, 
al the time wlicn many oi the o:reat 
engagements on tlie Mississippi ri\er oc- 
curred. Island Xo. 10. Mempliis, Vicksburg 
and Xew Orleans had fallen during this period. 
When his term of service closed, he returned 
to Iowa Wesleyan University, and cnmpletcd 
his college course, in 1867. After graduating, 
he taught school in Keosauqua for a year; in 
the meantime he had taken up the study of law 
with lion. Robert Sloan, of the Keosauqua 
bar, and when Mr. Sloan was elected circuit 
judge, Mr. Work succeeded to the JudgeV 
practice, b'ight years later, he associated him- 
self with Judge Alexander I'.mwn under the 
firm name of Work & IJrown, an<l in 1882, I 
Judge Sloan, after leaving the bench, became a 
member of the tinn of Sloan, Work & Brown. 
In 1883, Mr. Work removed to Ottumwa and 
f)pened an office, but retained his connection 
with the old lirm until Judge Sloan was again 
aiKanccd tu the bench, when the firm became 
Wiirk & I'rown, which has continued imtil th.? 
l)resent time, at KeosaiHiua. Mr. Work regu- 
larly attends both the coiu-ts of \'an Buren and 
W'apello ciiunties. He has been successfully 
engaged in some of the most imiiortant litiga- 
tions in sciuthcrn biwa. As a trial lawyer, 
either before the court or jury, he has few 
t(|uals at the liar in Iowa. 1 lis mind is natiu'- 
allv analvticid and logical, and whether dis- 
cussing a point of law or presenting an analysis 
of evidence, he is strong and convincing. He 
is also elocpient as a jjublic speaker. It is a 
matter df record in the county that he has been' 
singularly successful in the cases that be has 

undertaken. His methods are to advise clients 
.safelv, without regard to pros])ective fees, and 
vvhen he undertakes a case, it n^ay be set dow'ii 
that he belie\-es in the justice of his cause, and 
knows how to maintain the rights of his client. 
Mr. Work is a Republican, in ])olitics. anc! 
a strong sup])orter of his ])arty, i)ul he is in no 
sense a jjolitician: be (le\otes liis attention ta 
his ];rofession, seeking no honors except those 
t'.iat strictly belong to it. .Mr. Work married 
Hin.da H. Marlow at Keosau(|ua, in •1869. 
riic\- l)a\e hatl the following children : Craig 
M.: Benjamin M.: Emmett A.; Esther ]>. ; 
Ruth E. ; and Stella E. Mr. and Mrs. WorL- 
are members of the Methodist E])isco])al 
church; they ba\e a \-ery pleasant home at the 
corner of Eifth and Court streets. 

lAT HILLS, deceased. This gentle- 
man was for man\- years a prominent 
citizen of Ottumwa, engaged in the 
merchandise brokerage business. He 
was born Jul}- 22. 1838. at Lisbon, Kendall 
county, Illinois, and was a son of Le\'i Hills, 
Sr., who was known as "Deacon Hills." ;md 
was for many years engaged in the grocery 
business in llinois. Deacon Hills' wife died in 
Manchester. Iowa, in 1876, at the home of her 
son. Levi llills bad one brother. Miles, who 
lived in California until his death, and of sev- 
eral sisters but one is lixing. 

Levi Hills was reared in Illinois. He at- 
tended Beloit and Knoxville colleges, and in- 
tended to prepare for the career of a lawyer, 

Axi) ri:presentative citizens. 


Ijut on account of serious ti"(iul)lc with his eves 
he was obliged to abandon tliat intention. At 
the call for tliree months vnhmtecrs in 1861, 
he enlisted in Com])any 1*", 1 illi Ke^'. 111. Vol. 
Inf.. as a ])!"i\ate. lie rfciilistcd at the e.\])ira- 
tion of that time, and served mainly in the 
quartermaster's departnient during the remain- 
der of the war. In 1865 he went south, where 
he bought a cotton plantalinn, in Louisiana. He 
then returned to Iowa, where he was married. 
In 1867, Mr. Hills accc])tcd a pdsitinn with 
W. C. Moss, Jr., & Company, as bookkeeper, 
which he held for .some years. Later he trav- 
eled for the Ottumwa Starch Works, until that 
business was sold to the trust. Mr, llills then 
opened a merchandise brokerage oltice in the 
Richards block in Ottumwa. where he con- 
tinued business until the time of his death. 
He died Ju!_\' 15. iHyg. and his death was sin- 
cerely mourned bv all. lie was one of the most 
jironiinent business men in Ottumwa, and no 
public enterprise was complete without his as- 
sistance. A man of honest. u])right character, 
kind and charitable to all, his absence has been 
keenly felt in Ottumwa. 

Mr. Hills was united in marriage, in 1870, 
with Sarah McCollum. She was born in La 
Porte, Indiana, in 1846, and is a daughter of 
Frederick McCollum. Her father was of 
Scotch ancestry. He was a merchant, and his 
death (iccurred at the hume nf a daughter in 
Illinois, in 1885, at the age of seventy-three 
years. His wife, who was of English descent, 
died in 1876, at Manchester, Iowa, aged si.xty- 
one years. Mrs. Hills had one brother, who 
died, and she has three sisters li\ing. 

To Mr. Hills and his wife two chiklren 
were born, namely: Hubert L,, who was jjorn 
in Ottumwa, in 1881. and has taken his fa- 
ther's place in the brokerage business; and 
Mary, who was born in 1871, and is the 
wife of James W. Mytton, of St. Jo,seph. Mis- 
souri, prosecuting attorney of Buchanan coun- 
ty, Missouri, — they have two children. Allen 
and John. 

Politically, Mr. Hills was a Republican. 
iM-atcrnally. he was a Master Mason and was 
an enthusiastic member of the G. A. R.. hold- 
ing, successively, all the offices in the post, 
and that oi senior vice commander of the De- 
])artment of Iowa. Mr. Hills was secretary 
of the Industrial Ivxcbange at Ottumwa for 
many years. The family attend the Epi.scopal 
church, though Mr. Hills jieople were Con- 

lOMAS E. GIBBOXS, the leading 
grocer on the South Side of Ottum- 
wa, Wapello county, Iowa, and also 
alderman at large, is a native of To- 
ronto, Canada. He was l)orn in 1856, ar<f1 is a 
son of John and Margaret (O'Donnell) Gib- 
bons, who were both natives of Ireland. 

When John Gibbons was married, he de- 
cided to make his home in America, and in 
1855 came to this country. Soon after reach- 
ing here he went to Canada. Six children re- 
sulted from his union with Margaret O'Don- 
nell, three of wlH)m are deceased. Edward 
died in Ireland, and Catherine and James died 
in America. The oldest son. John I-"., is a 



Cliicago. r>urlin,<;ti)n & Ouincy Railroad em- 
ployee, who lives on the Xorth Side of Ot- 
tunnva. Mrs. Ann O'Malley also lives in Ot- 

Thomas E. Gihhons, the subject of this 
sketch, was reared and schooled in Ottumwa. 
He entered the employ of McCullough & Lil- 
lihurn. dealers in butter and eggs, in 1870. 
After remaining witli that tirm a short time, 
he went to Omaha, where he engaged in the 
same business. He returned to Ottumwa in 
1879." and entered the grocery business with 
Mr. O'Malley, after which he formed a part- 
nership with W. J. Xeil. which lasted imtil 
1883. The store was on the North Side and 
was known as Neil & (iibbons. Then Mr. 
Gibbons conducted a store on the South Side 
under the name of Beaver & Gibbons. Since 
1895 he has been engaged in the grocery busi- 
ness alone at Nos. 91 1-913. Church street. 1 1 1-. 
store is kncuvn as the Gibbons Tea Store. He 
erected a building and employs three people 
to assist him in the store. 15y his courteous 
and fair treatment to his cuftomers he has 
gained the patronage of about one-third tlie 
residents of the South Side. He has been a 
self-made man, and has just cause to be jjroud 
of the success which he has won. 

Mr. Gibbons married Annie Monley, who 
died in June, 1891. They bad five children, 
namely: Frank: Mary: Kittie: Maggie; and 
Annie. Mr. Gil)bons married, .secondly, Vina 
Wallace, a daughter of Woodson Wallace, who 
was an early resident of Ottumwa. hi poli- 
tics, our stibject is a Democrat. Fie was elect- 
ed alderman of the Fifth ward, being the first 

one from the South Side to be elected. Mr. 
Gibbons has served two terms, and was elect- 
ed both times by a large majority. Fraternal- 
ly, he is a member of the Woodmen of the 
World and National Union. In his religious 
views he is a Catholic. AI.XLEV. who has been 
closely identiiied with the- growth of 
( Htumwa since 1862, is a member of 
the firm of Ainley & Weidenfeller. ruid 
is engaged in the milling business. 
t Mr. .\inley was born in Yorkshire, Eng- 
land, in 1833. and is a son of William .\inlev, 
1 being the only member of the family who 
' moved to this country. He is one of five chil- 
i dre:i. Upon coming to this country, he lo- 
cated in St. L(niis, in 1858. and six months 
later mo\cd to Jefferson countv, Iowa. In 
j 1862, he came to Ottumwa, Wapello county, 
! Iowa, bringing his family with him, and was 
engaged in the livery business for eleven years. 
1 le then engaged in the stock-yards business. 
He was associated with P. (I. Ballingall in 
both the li\-ery and stock-yards business, fol- 
lowing the latter until 1876. In that year, Mr. 
.\inley engaged in baling and shipping hay at 
Ottumwa. — making th:it city the distributing 
point. He continued thus until 1884. in which 
year he erected his ])resent ieed. flour and cus- 
tom mill. It occupies a three-story building, 
42 by 50 feet, in dimensions, and has a capac- 
ity of C)o barrels of straight-grade flour, and 
a greater feed caj^acity. He has a large local 




Irade, sii|)|)I\ing' llic feed and grocery stores, 
and the liusiness is in a tliri\'ing condition. J Je 
was alone in tliis business until 1899, when he 
took a trip to his nr.tive country, England, 
leaving his affairs in charge of his son and Mr. 
Weidenfeller. Since that time, the lirni name 
has been Ainley i^- W'eiden feller. 

Mr. .\inley was united in marriage, in Eng- 
land, with Hannah Crowther, who died in 
iiS/", lea\'ing fotir children, as follows: J. \\'., 
a railroad man who died in 1S93. at the age of 
thirly-ti\'e _\ears: lulwin. who is thirty-live 
years old, and is connected with the Union 
Stock Yards of Chicago: Sarah Eliizaheth 
(Weidenfeller), whose husband manages the 
mill ;ind li\es in .South ()ltum\\a: and Sewell 
C, who is located in the West. Politically, 
Mr. Ainley has always been a Republican. In 
religious views, he is an J''pisco]3alian. lie 
owns residence pro]ierty in South Ottunnva, 
and has a pleasant home. 


11. HARPER, wlio has been prom- 
inently identified with the grnwlh of 
Ottunnva for more than thirty years 
past, is a member of the Harper & Mc- 
Intire Company, wholesale dealers in iiardware. 
1 le was horn near Zanesville, Muskingum coun- 
ty. Ohio, .\])ril J3, iJ<4,^. 

Mr. Harper came to Ottumwa, Wapello 
county, Iowa, in 1853, and settled on a farm 
with his fatiier's family, about one and a cpiar- 
ter miles nortli of the present city limits. He 
remained on the farm until 1862. when he en- 

listed as a private in Company B, 36th Reg., 
Iowa Vol. Inf. Jn June, 1863, he was commis- 
sioned l)y the Secretary of War as a second 
lieutenant in the 46th Reg., U. S. Colored In- 
fantry. He was later promoted to be a first 
lieutenant, and then to a captaincy, and was 
honorably discharged from the armv in J'eb- 
ruary, 1866, after three years and seven 
months of service. 

In 1867, Mr. I larpcr entered the cmjjlov of 
the hardw;n-e tlrm of Jlcnry & Haw. of Ot- 
tunnva, and thus continued until iSr)9, when he 
embarked in business for himself, as a member 
of the firm of Egan & Harper. In 1873, the 
building and stock of this firm were destroyed 
by fire, and the same year they purchased the 
stock of Daggett & Edgerly, their competitors 
in the hardware business. The business was 
then conducted under the firm name of Egan, 
Harper & Company, Mr. Edgerly remaining 
with the new lirni. In 1875, Mr. Edgerly sold 
his interest to E. A. Chambers," and in 1876 
the firm embarked in the wholesale business by 
putting two traveling men on the road. In 
j 1 88 1, Mr. Egan sold his interest in the busi- 
I ness, and R. C. Wilson and Eraiik Mclntire 
entered the firm, — the name being change# to 
Harper. Cliamhers & Company. In 18S1, a 
fire starting in an adjoining drug store de- 
stroyed the building, and seriously damaged 
the goods of the firm. In i8<S5. Mr. Wilson 
1 retired from the firm, and in 189J Mr. Cham- 
bers retired, the firm name being changed to 
the Harper & Mclntire Company, which has 
remained its designation up to the present time. 
The large four-story building now occn[)ied 



hv the coiiipaiiy was erected in 1893, and the 
business has grown to enormous proportions, 
— tlie firm being rated as one of the largest 
commercial liouses of Iowa. 

Mr. Harper has always taken an active in- 
terest in i^ublic matters, and has assisted in se- 
curing all of the enterprises which ha\e lo- 
cated in Ottumwa during the past thirty years. 
He has been a member of the school board, 
president of the j\Iississip])i & Missouri Valley 
Hardware Association, a ])rcsi(lential elector, 
and for the past twn years i)resident of the 
A\'a])ello County Old Settlers' .Association. He 
has been a director of the Iowa National Bank 
for twenty years, and was a delegate to the na- 
tiiinal monetary convention held at Indian- 
ajjolis, in 1897 and 1898. He is a man of 
great influence, and has many friends in the 
state. His portrait accompanies this sketch, 
being presented on a foregoing page. 

l.l.l.X.M U. REECE, who holds 
an important position with the 
government as secretary of the 
committee on public lands, is a 
])rominent contractor and builder of Ottumwa, 
Iowa. When he came to this state he was 
without means, antl it was only by hard work 
and perse\-erance that he attained his high 
standing in the communit\-. He was born in 
^\'ood county, West Virginia, November 25, 
1856, and is a son of .\Iplicus R. and Phoebe 
(Lowther) Reece. 

.\lphcus R. Reece was born in Wood coun- 
ty. West Virginia, and came from a jiromi- 


nent old family of \'irginia, of English and 
Welsh descent. His great-grandfather was 
also a native of Virginia. The members of 
the family have been largely mechanics and 
tradesman, but few entering professions. 
Abraham Rees. the compiler of the first Eng- 
lish encyclopedia, was a relative of Alpheus 
R. Reece. The latter was a soldier of the 
Civil war, serving in the 15th Keg., W. \'a. 
Vol. Juf., and after the war engaged in the 
boot and shoe and other mercantile business. 
Ht* married Phoebe Lowllier. who, was born 
in i8j8, in Ritchie county. West Virginia. 
Her father crossed the Allegliany mountains 
as early as 1790. and settled in what is now 
Ritchie county. West X'irginia. He en- 

gaged with a pack-train in carrving salt to 
settlers in the Ohio River Valley in the vi- 
cinity of Marietta. He experienced all the 
hardships incident to that early pioneer life, 
and had many fierce skirmishes with the In- 
dians. His c l<lest son, WilHam .M.. moved to 
Clay county, Illinois, and engaged in farming 
on an e.xtensixe scale. His }-oungest tlaughter 
married Da\'id McGregor, an influential man 
in the Democratic jiarty of West X'irginia for 
man\' years, who was also e.\tensi\-el\- engaged 
in oil o])erations ; he was somewhat unfortu- 
nate in speculations prior to his death, liut left 
his wife 1,700 acres of land, upon which an 
abundance of petroleuiu has since been found, 
from which lynd she deri\-es a handsome in- 
come, leasing it to operators. Mr. and Mrs. 
Reece reared two sons and three daughters, as 
follows: William M. : Abraham L., a Christian 
minister located in Fresno countv, California : 



Anna M.. wife of Clark \\'igner. an oil ()])era- 
tor; and Electa J., wife of William Diily, a car- 
penter, both residinf^- in Ritciiie county, West 
\'irginia : and Ella, w ho resides witii an aunt 
in tlie same county. 

\\'iliam M. Reece was reared in Virginia 
until he reached the age of twenty years, and 
then came west to strive for liimsclf. He stop- 
ped at Keosauqua, Van I'.uren county. Iowa, 
luuing, as he cxpres.sed it, "75 cents and a 
go(.d appetitie." He resolved to make a start 
and succeed in life or never return to Virginia. 
Twelve years later he and his wife visited the 
old home friends, and viewed the hills and the 
valleys where he had played as a hoy. now 
all covered with oil derricks. Although he 
had only common school adxantages as a boy, 
he has always been a student, and now has a 
valuable library. He learned the trade of a 
cooper and carpenter early in life, and has 
done large contract work at different places. 
At Keosauqua, he was engaged at carpenter 
work until i88i, when he came to Ottumwa. 
He then began wnrk at the cooper trade at 
Mi:rrell & Seymour's, and, later, worked by the 
day as a carpenter for Charles Simons, who 
was then contracting. In 1884, he formed a 
])artnership with Mr. Simmons, which lasted 
one year, and, in 1885, built for George H. 
Shaffer the large house now occupied by Dr. 
Bonham. He built the Ottumwa Coal Palace, 
in 1889. He planned John Mclntire's resi- 
dence on North Market street, in 1892. In 
1893. he built the Franklin school-house, and 
Leighton Block, in 1895. He employed over 
100 men, and built school-houses and churches 

in different parts of the state. He was elect- 
ed a member of the city council from the sec- 
ond ward, in 1889, and served one term. In 
i8i;4. he was chairman of the Rei)ublican coun- 
ty central committee, and chairman of the 
i judicial district Republican c(jmmittec. He 
[ was appointed, in the latter part of 1895, sec- 
retary of the committee on pul)lic lands by 
Congressman John I'. Lacy, and has since held 
that p<isition. He has discharged its duties 
in a most satisfactory manner, and is in Wash- 
; ington, D. C, during every session of Con- 
I gress. Pie made a trip to the northern coast 
of the Dehring Sea in the summer of 1900, 
and has visited all the public land states to 
better acquaint himself with the public domain, 
s])ending considerable time in the Vosemite 
Valley and in Yellowstone Park. Recently, 
accompanied by his son Carroll M., aged nine 
years, he made a trip to Alaska, going up Xome 
River and had a very fine time. 

In 1901, ]\Ir. Reece visited the Kiowa and 
Comanche country, and since his return he or- 
ganized a company with an authorized capital 
stock of $100,000, to engage in producing oil 
I and deal in oil lands. Mr. Reece was elected 
president of this company, known as the Ot- 
tumwa Oil & Developing Company. 

Mr. Reece was united in marriage, in 1880, 
in \'an T.uren county, Iowa, with Clara Houk. 
who was born in that county in 1857, and is a 
daughter of Henry Houk, who was killed at 
the liattle of Fort Donelson in the Civil War. 
This union was pnxluctive of two children: 
Harlan M., aged seventeen years; and Carroll 
M., aged nine years. Fraternally, he belongs 



lij tlic Royal Arcamun. i>f which he is chap- 
lain ; to the Modern W'.KKhnen >>i America ; and 
to tlie Sons of Veterans. Religiously, he is affil- 
iated with the Methodist Episcopal church. 
He tirst built a modest home on the C(irner of 
Fourth and Birch streets, and, later, the house 
where he now resides, at Xo. 447 Xnrth Jef- 
ferson street. 


OII.X TUlSI-l-'-K. wliii f(ir many years 
was successfully engaged in agricult- 
ural ])ursnits. is at the ])rcsent time 
Incaled in South Ottumwa. where he 
owns a CDnifiirtahle home and two acres of 
laud, which he devotes to fruit raising, — main- 
Iv cherries and plums. He was born in 1843 
in Bartholomew ccnuUy. Indiana, and is a son 
of Isaac Tri.sler. 

Isaac Trisler was born in Ohio about 1810, 
but learned his trade anil was married in Indi- 
rma. lie was a l)lacksmitli and carpenter by 
trade; he died in 1851, just after removing his 
family to Davis county, Iowa, about nine miles 
northeast of Bloomfield. He married Nancy 
Williams, who was born in \'irginia. and came 
to Indiana with her parents. She died in 
Davis countv, Iowa, shortly after the death of 
her husband, lea\-ing se\-en children : Eman- 
uel E. ; I'llizabetb ; John; Sarrdi Ellen; J.ames 
M.: Matilda; and Isaac. iMuanucl F. resides 
at (ilcnwood, Iowa, and is a mechanic; Eliza- 
beth ( I'eck) died in 1883, and left one daugh- 
ter who resides in Nebraska; John is the sub- 
ject of this sketch; Sarah VA\cn (Russell) lives 
in Nebraska; James M. lives in Calhoun, Ne- 

braska; Matilda (Chapman) lives in Arling- 
ton. Neljraska; and Isaac is a retired farmer 
and ranchman, of Kansas. 

John Trisler was reared in Davis county, 
Iowa, and received his intellectual training in 
the public schools. He took uj) the \'(jcation 
of a farmer, and later owneil a fine farm south- 
west of Drakesville, where he carried on gen- 
eral farming and stock raising very success- 
lu'ily. In 1895, he sold his farm. In 1896 he 
renio\-ed to Bloomfield and resided there for 
a short time, when he mo\'ed, to South Ot- 
tumwa. rurcbasing two acres of land, he 
built a nice house, and planted fruit trees, prin- 
cipally cherry and plum, of different \arieties. 
Mr. Trishn" w;is united in matrimony, in 
1870, in Davis county. Iowa, with Nancy J. 
Garretson, who was bt^n in Lee county, Iowa, 
in 1843. Her father, William Garretson, w-as 
born December i, 1819. in Clark ct)unty, Ohio, 
and move<l to Lee county, Iowa, in the early 
"forties." and to Davis county, in 1843, where 
he took a claim. This claim he exchanged for 
another farm on which he lived and followed 
the trade of a carpenter, reiuing his land. He 
sold the farm in 1891 and moved to Drakes- 

j ville, and later to Floris, where he died April 
25, 1900. On March 11, 1841, Mv. Garret- 

I son was married to Christine Newcomb. who 
was born in Mi.ami county. Ohio, September 

I _>7. 1820. They bad to children, as follows: 
Alexander; Xaucy J.; 2\Iary E. ; Sarah E. ; 
Frances E. : Amanda C. ; Thomas J. ; Clarissa 
A.; lolm Wesley; Melissa C. John Wesley 
died in 1884. ^Ir. and Mrs. Trisler have two 
children: Eva 1.. a teacher in the Nebraska 




scliuols; and Aiigie L., a imisic teacher. li\-ing 
at home. 

Mr. I'risler is a \eteran of tlie Civil W ar. 
ha\ing enlisted upon the tirst call for \-olun- 
teers, in 1861, in Com])any D, loth Reg., Mo. 
Vol. Inf., as Iowa had at that time tilled her 
quota. He served throughout the war as a 
])ri\-ate, particiiKited in many imi)ortant en- 
gagements, and, although wounded at luka, 
still remained in the ranks. lie was in the 
haltles of Corinth and luka, the caiupaign of 
Vicksburg, and the engagements at Raymond, 
Jack.son antl Champion Hills. lie was tinally 
transferred to the X'eterans Reserve Corps on 
account of disability, incurred in the siege of 
\'icksburg. His regiment guarded prisoners 
at Rock JsUukI. Illinois, just hefnre being nuis- 
tered out. at Milwaukee, August _'J. i8f)4. 1 le 
joined the G. A. R. shortly after its organiza- 
tion, and is a member of Tuttle Post, Xo. 497. 
He has served two terms as commander and 
held all other ottices. Mis wife is a ])roniiuent 
member of the W. R. C. Religiously, they be- 
long to the Christian church. In politics, he 
is a Reiniblican, and has ser\ed as township 
trustee, and in t)ther offices. 


senator from this district, and for 
many years cminty superintendent of 
schools, is a resident and business 
man of Ottumwa, Iowa. He was born h\ 
Wapello county, April 11. 1S49. His fa- 
ther, William Clark Mclntire. was 1x)rn and 
reared in Clark county. Ohio. In 184^ 


the latter married Eliza A. M\-ers and im- 
mediately moved to Iowa, locating in Keo- 
kuk township, Wapello county. He took 
up a claim of government land, engaged 
actively in its improvement and cultivation, 
and continued in that vocation until his death, 
January 30, 1881. Being one of the pioneers 
of the state, he lived in a log cabin, and en- 
diu-ed all the hardships incident to a new coun- 
tr\-, but was possessed of that energy which 
conijuered adversity and brought him success. 
He always took an active interest in educa- 
tional matters, and bestowed upon his chil- 
dren a good education. The family consisted 
of si.x children, namely: Caroline C, who 
died at the age of five years; Joseph, who died 
at thirty years of age: John, who was sheritT 
>.f Waiiclli) cdunly. and is deceased; Frank, 
a member nf the Harper & iMcIntire Company, 
wholesale and retail dealers in hardware : Har- 
riett E. (Davis), deceased; and William A. 
'i'he widow of William Clark Mclntire died 
July i, i88_'. 

William .\. ^Iclntire was reared on his fa- 
ther's farm and received his early mental train- 
ing in the primitive log school-house. He 
continued to reside upon the old homestead 
until he reached his majority, having had in 
the meantime the privilege of attending the 
high school at Ottumwa two years. In 1870- 
71, he attcndetl the agricultural college at 
.Ames, Iowa, and on finishing the .so])homore 
course engaged in teaching sch<iol in Taylor 
county. In the fall of 1877. he was elected 
I to the office of superintendent of the public 
schools of ^^'apello county. In 1879, he was 


defeated f<^r that position, hut in the fall of 
a 88 1 he was elected again, and reelected in 
1883, 1885 and 1887, serving in that capacity 
ten years. 

In 1888, .Mr. .Mcliitire estahlished himself 
in iJie hardware business in Ottumwa, under 
the tirni name n\ W . .\. Mclntire & Company. 
IK' has fnlliiwed that line ever since. 

In the fall nf i>>t)j. he was chosen by the 
Democratic party to represent his parly in the 
state senate for the term expiring January i. 

Mr. .Mclntire was married March 2(k 1874, 
to Clara M. Goldsberry. She was born in 
Knss county. Ohio. July 15, 1849. Socially. 
Mr. Mclntire is a member of the K. of P., 
holding fellowship with the Wapello Lodge, 
No. ij: he is als(j identilied with the Modern 
Woodmen of .\merica. 

The subject of this sketch has been con- 
nected with the People's IJuikling & Savings 
.\s.sociation since 1894, and is now serving as 
jjresident of the organization. He is a mem- 
ber, and now president, of the biwa Retail 
ilardware Association, lie belongs to the 
Iowa's State Teachers' Association ami is pres- 
ident of the school directors' section of that as- 
sociation. He has done much to advance the 
cause of education throughout the county, as 
well as the state, and still maintains an interest 
in school affairs. He is now a member of the 
(~)ttumwa a school board, on which he has 
served since 1895. He is also a meml)er of the 
l;oard of directors of the Ottumwa Public l.ib- 
rarv A.ssociation. His portrait is shown on a 
]>receding page, in proximity to this. 

S. STVKK. junior member of the 

firm of (i. 1-',. Styre & Brother, ])ro- 

])rietors of the li.xcelsior coal mine, 

in Center township, \\'apello county, 

Iowa, is one of the prominent young business 

■ men of the county. He was born in Nebraska, 
in 1876, and is a son of G. \\ . and Celina 
(Sickmanj Styre. 

tj. W. Styre was born in Pennsylvania, and 
when about eight years old went with his par- 

1 ents to Ohio, where he was reared to manhood. 
He was engaged in farming and in the dairy 
business. When the Civil War broke out he 
enlisted in the 71st Reg., Ohio \'ol. Inf.; he 
ser\ed in two regiments, .\fter the war, he 
removed to Michigan, and later to Nebraska, 
where he engaged in farming. In 1878 he set- 

> tied in Kirkville. Wapello, county, Iowa, and 
farmed there until 1888, when he located in 
Center township, (Ml section i, townshi]) 71, 
range 14. He is engaged in farming, and is 
one of the best known men in that township. 
He married Celina Sickman. who was born 
in W'avne county. Ohio, and their union re- 
sulted in the birth of six children, namely: 
B. F.. who lives at home; G. E.. senior mem- 
ber of the hrm of G. E. Styre & Brother, who 
lives in South Oftumwa ; S. S., the subject of 
this sketch, who lives at home with his iiarents ; 
Kate (Pickens), of Cedar county, Iowa; D. 
.\., who lives at home: and Mabel C. (Porter), 
who lives in Medina, Ohio. 

S. S. Stvre was reareil and schooled near 
Kirkville. in Wapello county. He assisted his 
father in farming and the dairy business, only 
giving this up to become associated with his 



hnillicr in coal mining. Tlic mine was opened 
in i<S97, on tlie G. W. Styre land, and lias 
been in operation ever since, giving employ- 
ment to 40 men. The shaft is 52 feet deej), 
and the miliJUt is 125 tons dail_\'. 'i"hc mine 
was opened by G. E. Styre, and S. S. Styre 
became a partner in 1898. Mr. Styre is one of 
the brightest young business men in the tt)wn- 
ship, and a bright future awaits him. 

S. S. Styre is a member of the Wapello 
Lodge, No. 62, I. O. O. V. His father and 
brother are both Odd Fellows, the elder Mr. 
Styre beU)nging to Lodge No. 9. G. E. Styre 
is also a member of the Woodmen of America. 
The family has been identified with the growth 
and development of \\'aiiello county for the 
past twenty-three years, and is highly respect- 
ed in the community. 

)11X M.vcMILL.W has been in the 
employ of the Phillips Fuel Company, 
as weigliing boss, since 1884. having 
charge of all the coal taken from tiic 
mine, and his work has been highly satis- 
factory to his employers. He was born in 
Ohio, in 1S52, and is a son of H. S. Mic- 

1!. S. Mac.Millan was born in Scotland 
and at an early day immigrated to Canada, 
where he remained but a short time, and then 
came to this comitry, locating at Keokuk, Iowa. 
He followed railroading most of his life. hi> 
last position being that of road master o-i the 
Chicago, Burlington & Ouincy Railroad. lie 

died at Kahoka, Missouri, at the age of si.\ty- 
seven years, having li\cd in Iowa for half a 
century. His wife died at the age of seventy- 
eight \ears. They had four sons and one 
daughter. .Mexander, the third son, is super- 
intendent of bridges on the Texas & Pacific 
Railway, and is locatetl at Marshall, Texas. 
Sarah, the only daughter, married James M. 
Welch, a merchant of Keokuk, 'Aho has served 
as mayor of that city. 

John MacMillan was two years of age 
when his parents moved to Keokuk, Iowa, and 
there he grew to maturity, receiving a liberal 
etlucation in private schools. At the early 
age of eighteen years he began railroad work, 
serving first as ojjerator, then as switchman one 
year, after which he became a brakeman. He, 
held this position until he was set up as con- 
ductor, and ser\-cd in that capacity until he ac- 
cepted a position as weighing boss f(jr the 
Phillips Fuel Com])any. He has held that po- 
sition since 1884, and has discharged his du- 
ties ill an eminently satisfactory manner, never 
in all these years having received a complaint 
as to the correctness of weight. He is a man 
of good business ability, faithful to the 'n]f 
terests of the comi)auy, and stands high in the 
esteem of his em])loyers. 

In 1872 Mr. MacMillan was united in mar- 
riage with Maggie White, who is of Scotch- 
, Irish parentage. Her father was born in Bel- 
! fast, Ireland, and came to this country. He 
' enlisted in the United States army and served 
with credit during the Mexican War. being 
promoted to a cantaincv for bravery on the 
battle field. Mr. MacMillan and his wife have 



three cliildren, as follows: William \\., who 
was born June 2, 1873. and is a conductor on 
the Chicago, Burlington & Quincj' Railroad; 
Louise, who was born February 17, 1875, mar- 
ried Mr. Bromley and has one child Marguerite 
L. ; and Sarah, torn July 8, 1877, who is still 
single, and for seven years has been head packer 
for the largest cigar manufacturing establish- 
ment of the city. Mr. ALicMillan is a strong 
Republican in politics. He and his wife are 
members of the Maccabees and Foresters, lx)th 
l)eing officeholders. Mrs. MacMillan is chap- 
lain and district de])uty for the Maccabees. In 
religious belief, both are Baptists. 

I-:\'I PUMR()^■. .Xmong the many 
well known farmers living in Center 
township, Wapello county, Iowa, is 
the gentleman whose name opens 
these lines. He resitles in section t,t„ township 
yj, range 14. where he has successfully farmed 
for a number of years. He was born in W'a- 
pello county. Jnwa, and is a son of Grimes and 
I'.llcn (Thrush) I'lnnroy. 

(irimes Pumroy. the father of Levi, was 
a native of Ohio, and came to Iowa in 1851. 
He bought the farm in Center township now 
owned by our subject, and for many years con- 
ducted a sawmill on Soaj) creek. In i860 he 
sold out his interest in tiie- sawmill and moved 
on his farm, where he remained until his re- 
moval to Ottumwa, in 1890. where he died in 
Jul)-, i8y8. In 1861 he enlisted in Company 
IX 15th Reg., Iowa \'ol. Inf., and was with j I 
this regiment during its famous ser\ice at 

Shik)h. He afterward joined in the pursuit of 
General Hood, and was in many battles and 
marches in Tennessee. He was promoted for 
bravery, and when he returned home from the 
war, it was as a corixiral of his company. He 
then raised a company and was made its cap- 
tain. He married Ellen Thrush, and to them 
were born nine children, Levi, the subject of 
this sketch, being the oldest son now living. 

Levi Pumroy was reared and schooled in 
Wapello county, and his early'lifc was spent on 
the farm on which he now lives. He became 
the possessor of the place in 1889, and many 
are the improvements he has made. He has 
built a new house, and has just finished a model 
barn, 32 by 48 feet, in dimensions, for his 
stock and grain, and has also erected several 
outbuildings. He has made many other im- 
pro\-ements, until tlie farm is now considered 
one of the finest in Wapello county. Mr. Pum- 
roy is a man of much thrift and energy, and 
his early life on the farm has helped him in 
the management of the property which was 
(Mice the pride of his fadier. 

Mr. Pumroy married Sarah E. Simmons, 
January 27, 1886. She .was born September 
14, 1865, and is a daughter of Nathan and 
Rachel Simmons. Nathan Simmons was of 
Scotch-Irish descent, his father, Edward Sim- 
mons, having settled in Virginia and Kentucky 
in die early days of this country. Mr. and 
Mrs. Pumroy have been blessed by the birth of 
nine children, whose names are as follows: 
Rrdph lulward, born December 22, 1886; 
larry Mortin. born Alarch 8, 1888: Elmer 
Marlnn, Ixjrn October 8. 18S9; Lora ¥\ov- 





ence. l)iini I'Y'ljruarv J, 1891 ; Levi Ernest, 
1)1 nil June 18, 1892; Arllnir Grimes, born 
]\Iarch 18, 1894; Sarah Irene, l)orn Dccem1)er 
20, 1895; Thomas, born January 17, 1898; 
and Leslie, Ijorn Mareh 13, 1899. Mr. Pum- 
rov has always been a Republican, in politics. 
He and his wife attend the Christian clnn-ch in 
South Ottumwa. 

-VMES T. HACKWORTH, one of the 
most progressive spirits in the busi- 
ness world of Ottumw.'i, is president 
of the Johnston Kufllcr Company, and 
one of the proprietors of the Ottumwa Iron 
\\'orks. He has been engaged in his present 
business since 1871, and in the meantime has 
identified himself with many of the leading 
Vnisiness enter])rise of the citv. He was born 
in .\dams county, Ohio, in January, 1839, and 
is a son of George D. Hackworth. 

George D. Hackworth was born in Vir- 
ginia in 1810, and came west to Center town- 
ship, Wapello county. Iowa, in August, 1845, 
residing on section 35 until 1857. wiien he 
moved witli iiis family to Ottumwa. He ser\ed 
several years as county surveyor, and two 
years as county auditor. In 1873, he moved 
to Kansas, where he died in Cowley county, 
in .M.irch, 187S. lea\ing a family of four chil- 

James T. Hackworth came with his par- 
ents to Ottumwa in 1845, and attended tiie 
Iowa Wesleyan University at Mt. Pleasant, 
from whicli he was graduated in iSfio. He then 

entered upon the study of law with Prof. 1 icnry 
Ambler, (jf that institution, and was admitted 
to the bar in 1861. He was made county sur- 
veyor of Wapello county, served as such for 
one year, and then entered upon the practice 
of his profession in 1863. In the latter year, 
he was app<jinted a.ssistant assessor of internal 
revenue of Wapello county, which office he 
held for three or four years. In 1871, he en- 
gaged in his present business, becoming iden- 
tified with the Johnston Rufikr Company, lie 
also became a member of the firm of i'orter 
Brothers & Hackworth. wholesale leather deal- 
ers, and at the present time is the sole owner of 
that concern. 

The Johnston Ruffler Compary was estab- 
lished in 1871. liaxing been promoted bv J. T. 
Hackworth. .Mien Johnston, Capt. J. G. 
Hutchison, and .\. G. Harrow. Ce.,-1. J. G. 
1 lutchison withdrew from the company about 
1877, and W. T. Major became a partner. 
The Ottumwa Iron \\"orks is an outgrowth 
of the Johnston Ruffler Company, and was or- 
ganized in 1880, ha\ing been promoted by the 
same parties mentioned above, except W. T. 
IMajor, deceased, whose estate is managed by 
his son. The Johnston Ruffler Company manli- 
factured sewing machine attachments until 
1898, when the patents were sold to Eastern 
corporations and the article ceased to be manu- 
factured in Ottumwa. The Ottumwa Iron 
\\'orks manufacture steam engines and min- 
ing machinery, and for a time made the fa- 
mous automatic screw machines. They now 
manufacture cutlery machinery, which prom- 
ises to revolutionize the cutlcrv business, as it 



is used l)v the largest concerns of tlie kind in liie 
world, among them the cutlery manufacturing 
plants of Sheftield. England, and Xorw ich, 
Connecticut. Mr. Hackwcjrth is one of the pro- 
moters of the Ottumwa National Bank, of 
which he is now vice-president, helped in the 
organization of the Ottumwa Savings Bank, 
of which he is a director, as he also is of the 
Wapello County Savings Bank. He is a puh- 
lic s])iritcd man and is deeply interested in all 
that promotes the prosperity and welfare of 
the city and counlw He was one of the 20 
men who secured the Dain .Manufacturing 
Company for Ottumwa, and is one of its di- 
rectors. He is president of the Public Library 
A.ssociation, and also a trustee. ]\Ir. Plack- 
worth was joined in matrimonv, in icSOf), with 
Sue C. Kissinger, of Almnit Pleasant, Iowa. 
Mr. Hackworth and wife arc members of the 
First Methodist Episcopal Church, of Ottum- 
wa. A ])ortrait of Mr. Hackworth and a view 
of his residence arc shown on preceding pages 
accom])anying this sketch. 

B. OSTDIEK. a prosperous farmer 
located on section 20, tnwuship ^2. 
range 13. Center township, Wapello 
county, Iowa, is also engaged in the 
manufacture of brick on his farm, and is secur- 
ing good results. He was born in Pee county, 
Iowa, March 13, 1855. 'i"<l '^ a son of la'rdi- 
nand B. Ostdiek. 

Ferdinand B. Ostdiek was born in Prussia 
and came to this country in 1846, locating in 

Lee county, Iowa, immediately thereafter. He 
was a school teacher for a period of fourteen 
years, and was then engaged in agricultural 
pursuits until he died, at the age of fifty-seven 
years. I lis wife died in 1885, aged scventv 

H. B. Ostdiek recei\-ed a good educational 
training. He first attended a parochial school, 
and later the ])ul)lic schools. He was then 
placed in the Commercial College of Ottumwa, 
received a good business training and gradu- 
ated from the institution. He purchased his 
present farm of 40 acres in the spring of 1892, 
and has since devoted much time and labor to 
its improvement, building a barn 38 by 50 feet. 
in dimensions, and a number of other Iniildings 
necessary for successful farming. He has a 
good orchard and a nice berry patch. He is 
also engaged in manufacturing brick nn iiis 
farm, having bought the engine used in the 
Ottumwa Coal Palace during its existence. He 
makes upwards of a million bricks per year, 
and has hail a ver_v large sale. He is an excel- 
lent business manager, and has made friends of 
all with whom he has come in contact, both in 
business and prixate life. 

Mr. Ostdiek was united in marriage, in 
1881, with lillen Mary Derks, who was born 
in Wapello county. Her father was born in 
1825, and is still living. Her mother died at 
the age of forty-four years. Six children have 
blessed this union: Mary Kathcrine, who was 
born December 2-^. 1881 : Rose Pauline, born 
March 28, 1883: Gerhard Paul, Ixirn Septem- 
ber 29, 1885: Ferdinand Theodore, born Xo 
vember 3, 1887: John Laurence, born January 



27, i8gi ; and Herman Juscpli. Ixirn Xnvcmbcr 
9, 1893. Politically. Mr. Osldick is a strong 
supporter of Democratic principles. In re- 
ligious belief he is a Catholic. 

lAlX C. LKKilllOX was horn in 
-Scott count}-, Illinois, in 1S39. and 
is a son of Joseph and Alary L. 
( Coe) Leighton. 
Joseph Leighton was horn at h-ast Har- 
mony, Maine, and learned the trade of a car- 
penter, which he followed many years of his 
life. He moved to Scott county. Illinois, in 
1836, thence to Des Moines county. Iowa, in 
1841. There he residetl until Wapello county 
was opened for settlement, in 1843. ^vlien he 
took a claim and followed farming until 184^). 
He assisted in building Meeks' mill at Bona- 
parte. Iowa, in 1844-45. He then JociUed in 
Ottumwa. In the fall of 1847. when Otlinu- 
\va contained but 18 h.ouses, he was elected 
treasurer of Wajjello county, which (office then 
combined the duties of treasurer and recorder, 
and served in that capacity until 185 1, holding 
the office for two terms of two years each. In 
1 85 1 Ottumwa received its charter as a city 
and Mr. Leighton was elected its first city as- 
sessor, and in 185 J was elected treasurer. In 
1854 and 1835 he was a member of the board 
of city trustees, and was again elected city as- 
sessor in 1856. In 185 1 he engaged in the 
general merchandise business with Dr. C. C. 
Warden, establishing general stores at Ottimi- 
\va and Blakesburg. The partnership was dis- 

.solvcd in 1833, Dr. Warden retaining the Ot- 
tumwa store and Mr. Leighton the one at 
P.lake.sburg. Later Mr. Leighton sold his in- 
terests and then engaged in the real estate busi- 
ness, serving as justice of the peace until 
a short time before his death, in 1838. He 
was an old-line Democrat, but in i(S;4 left the 
l)ariy ranks because of the Kansas-Nebraska 
bill and became a Republican. In 1838 he was 
jciined in marriage with Mar} L. Coe, who was 
born in i8_'i in Greene count\-, Illinois, and 
now resides at Ottumwa. Thev reared three 
sons and three tlaughters, as f(jlIows : Alvin 
C, subject of this sketch; Ann Elizabeth, who 
died in Wapello county at the age of four 
years; James, born in 1S44 in Wapello coun- 
ty, was a ])artner of our subject for many 
years and died in i88j; Joseph, born in 1848. 
at Ottumwa, died in 1888. leaving a widcnv and 
two sons, Joseph, Jr., and .Mvin C, — he was 
l)resident of the hirst .Xational Hank of Miles 
City. Montan.i. and a wholesale merchant 
of that city; Mary Emil}-. who died in 1889, 
was the wife of Walter B. Jordan, a member 
of the fn-m of Leighton & Jordan, wholesalers 
and bankers at Miles City, Montana. — they had 
the following children: Stell:. Emily, \^io 
died at the age of one year; William .\lvin and 
Walter B., Jr., who are now in their father's 
bank and store at Miles City; James Leighton, 
who died from a])pendicitis at Ottumwa. and 
Marcus, who resides in Ottumwa with his 
grandmother, Mrs. Maria Jonl.m; .\bbie, the 
si.xth chilli born to .Mr. and Mrs. Leighton. 
i married a .Mr. Jordan and now resides with her 
mother. ha\ing two chililren, — Marv Inez, who 



married Frank Tliompson, of St. Paul, Minne- 
sota, by wliom slie lias a daughter, Dorothy, 
aged five years, and .\hhie, who married Law- 
rence Garner, son of J. W. Garner, wholesale 
dry-goods merchant of tliis city, October 8, 

AKin C. Leiglitnn came to \\'a])elIo coun- 
ty with his ])arents May i, 1843, and in 1S56 
went west of tiie Missouri River, living on the 
plains until jS/S, since which time he has re- 
sided in Ottumwa. He bought a part and built 
a part of the Lcightdu Hlock on Market street, 
s])ending a large sum df muncv in comi)Ieting 
and arranging it. 1 Ic has built several build- 
ings in the city and conducts a real estate busi- 
ness, his attention being entirely occupied by 
his individual interests. I le has been identified 
with all ])u])lic enterprises and imprc)\-ements 
of the city, such as the opera Ikjusc and Coal 
Palace, and also aided in securing the Chicago, 
Milwaukee & St. Paul Railway. 

In 1874 Mr. Leightiiu married ^Farv T. 
IJenson, who was born in Jiallimore in 1851 
and is a daughter of Benjamin S. Benson. The 
latter was a foundrx-man and inventor of Balti- 
more. \\here he died some years ago. Pie was 
a natural mechanic and as a boy invented a 
\vater ram. He manufactured all of the piano 
plates used by the celebrated Knabe Piano 
Company : his i)rincipal business, however, was 
making water ])ipe. His grandsdn, Benjamin 
S., has offices in the Leighton Block. He was 
a Quaker in religious belief. Polilicallv Mr. 
Leighton is a Democrat. I le lives at the north- 
east corner of Fourth and Wapello streets, Ot- 

RO E. STE\EXS, cashier of the Ot- 
tumwa National Bank, of Ottumwa, 
liiwa, is a descendant of one of the 
old pioneer families of Wai)ello coun- 
ty. He was born in \\'a])ello county, June 1 1, 
1872, and is a son of William H. Stevens, anrl 
grandson of Abraham Stevens. 

.Miraham Stevens was a native of Ohio, and 
was born in 1815. He was a farmer, but was 
known by all as "Doctor" Stevens. He was an 
early settler of McDonough 'county, Illinois. 
In 1846 he remmed tu llenry count}-, Iowa, 
and two years later to Wapello count}', where 
he is still living. He married Katherine Miller, 
who was born in 1815, and died in 1896. 

William Stevens, father of the subject of 
this sketch, was born in Illinois, in 1844. He 
was reared and educated in Wapello county, 
and followed farming imtil 1874, when he 
moved to the city of (3ttumwa, and engaged in 
the grocery business, which he fnllowed until 
recent years. ?le is nnw living in retirement. 
He has two sons: Leo K.. and h'red C, who 
is engaged in the grocery business in Ottumwa. 

Leo E. Ste\-ens was educated in the Ottum- 
wa jniblic and high schools. In 1887 he ac- 
cepted a position with the First Xational Bank 
as collector. He remained with that bank until 
1893, and was jirnmotcd through different 
clerical grades up tn the position of teller. He 
resigned that ];ositii>n in i8(_)3 to accept the ])o- 
sition of assistant cashier in the Ottumwa Na- 
tional Bank. In Jul\-, i8()8, he was elected 
cashier of the bank, antl has since served in 
that capacity. His steady progress has demon- 
strated his abilitv as a man of good business 




capacity, and a liriglit future is prcdiclwl fur 

October if), 1895, Mr. Stevens was married 
tci ( irace E. Miller, a daughter of John W. 
Miller, of Ottumwa. They had one child, — 
])onald, — who died aged three years and six 
ni'iuths. Mr. Stevens is a member of several 
fraternal t)rganizatit)ns, viz. : ]>. I'. O. IL, K. 
tif r.. Fraternal Pilgrims. Wapello Club, Ot- 
tumwa Country Club, Virgini.a Historical So- 
cietv, and Sons of llie American Revolution. 
He is a Democrat in jxilitics and served as city 
treasurer for two terms. J Ic is a pul)lic-s])irited 
man, and his assistance is always sought in all 
enterprises which are for the l)enefit of the 
people who reside in the thri\ing city of Ot- 

0.\. J. C. MriXllh:i.L, ex-judge of 
the Second Judicial District of Iowa, 
whose portrait is shown on the op- 
posite page, has been engaged in the 
practice of law in Ottumwa, Wapello county 
since 1893, and is at the ])resent time associated 
with Attorney F. M. Hunter. He is ])ossesse(l 
of great natural ability, and has thoroughly 
mastered his profession. He enjoys a large 
and lucrative practice and lias been identified 
with many of the most ])rominent cases tried 
in his district. He was horn in Monroe coun- 
ty. Indiana, in 1849, and is ;i .son of James 

James Mitchell removed from Indiana with 
his family to Chariton, Iowa, and in 1856 lo- 
cated at Osceola, Iowa. In the fall of 1861, 

he enlisted for service in the Federal army dur- 
ing the Civil War. and died while in the ser- 
\ice. His widow still resides ;-.t Osceola. 

J. C. Mitchell went to Mount Pleasant, 
j I(j\\a. in 1866, and entered college, remaining 
in that city for a period of live years. He 
then entered the l;uv office of .\mbler & Babb, 
in which he studied for one \ear. lie was 
graduated from college in June, 1871, and in 
the spring of 1872 was admitted to the bar. He 
embarked in practice at Chariton, Iowa, and 
continued there for twenty years and some 
months, a portion of the time serving as judge 
of the Sec(jnd Judicial District of Iowa. In 
1893. he removed to Ottumwa, Iowa, and was 
engaged in the practice of law alone, with great 
success, muil iS(;5. when he formed a ])art- 
nershi]) with 1". M. Hunter, which has con- 
tinued to the present time. He has followed 
a general practice, and has been connected with 
many prominent and important cases, both in 
Chariton and Ottumwa. Among them is the 
case of the Bonaparte Dam, which attracted 
wide local attention, also the Kelly murder case 
at Chariton, and the Dougherty murder case at 
Albia, besides a number of other murder cases. 
He also maintains an ofhce at KeosaucJBa. 
Iowa, as a memljer of the lirm of Mitchell & 

]\Ir. Mitchell was united in marriage with 
.Mice C. Wilson, who was horn ;uul reared in 
Mount Pleasant. Iowa, and is a cousin of ex- 
Governor Boies, of Iowa. They became par- 
ents of three children: Mrs. Lynn Williams, 
of Ottumwa. whose luisliand is a machinist in 
the employ of the Fair, Williams Bridge & 



Manufacturing Company, and a son of J. H. 
Williams, wlio is a member of tlie firm men- 
tioned: Mark, who is in tlie employ of the 
Fuel Company of Ottumwa: and Paul, who is 
now in Colorado. Mr. Mitchell purchased a 
fine residence property on North Green street 
near I'ifth street. He has a large library at 
home, as well as an exceedingly fine law li- 
brary. Politically, he was a Democrat until 
1898, when he changed to the Republican 
party. E.xcept his term as judge, he has never 
sought nor accepted political preferment. 
I'^raternallv. he has been a member of the In- 
<le])endent Order of Odd l'"clknvs since he was 
of age. ;'.nd is a Mason. Knight Templar, and 
a member (jf the Modern Woodmen of .Amer- 
ica. — belonging to the lodges located at Chari- 
ton. Mrs. Mitchell is a member of the P. E. 
O. Sisterhood, lieing one of the first interested 
in ihc imlcr at .\l<iunt Pleasant, and has served 
as president of both the Chariton and Ottumwa 
chapters. Religiously, she is a member of the 
Episcopal church, which the family also at- 


I'Kb'.l) W. LEE, one of the most 
prniiiinent journalists of this section 
lit Iowa, is editnr and proprietor of 
the Olumii'ii Courier, one of the 
state's enterprising and progresivc daily and 
semi-weekly newspapers. He is also serving 
as postmaster of Ottumwa in a most satis- 
factory manner. He was born in Johnson 
county. Towa, July 8, 1858, and is a son of 
John B. and lilvira (Branson) Lee. 

John B. Lee was' an early resident of Cedar 
and Johnson counties in Iowa, where he entered 
government land. He came from Hai ford 
countv. Mar\land. and is descended from 
llie ilistinguished Lee family of X'irginia and 
Maryland. He was a merchant in the East, 
but followed farming upon coming to Iowa. 
His physical disability barring him from 
enlisting in the armv during the Ci\il \\ ar. he 
went into the go\'ernment transport service, 
and contributed what he could to the Union 
cause. -After the war he was elected recorder 
of Johnson county, Ijeing a Republican in ])ol- 
itics. He was engaged in mercantile pursuits 
in Iowa City until he moved to Muscatine, 
where he now resides with his wife, each be- 
' ing eighty-(;ne years of age. They reared three 
sons and two daughters, as follows: Mrs. 
Anna L. .Maliin. whose husband. John M;ihin, 
has been editor and publisher of the Miiscutiuc 
Journal for o\-er fiftv vears : Joseph J. and 
Isaac B.. of Iowa City: Mrs. Milly L. Loomis, 
of Bevier, Missouri: and A. W. Xo death has 
ever occurred to mar the happiness of the fam- 
ily of John B. Lee. 

A. W. Lee attended the public schools of 
Iowa City, and at the age of thirteen years en- 
tci'ed the State Cniversity of Iowa, being the 
youngest regular student e\er admitted to that 
institution. He took a two-years" ]M-e])aralory 
course and remained until the end of his sopho- 
more year. He then began newspajier work at 
$6 per week, with his i)rotlier-in-law. on the 
Muscatine Journal. In 1883 he became a jjart- 
ner in the Journal and continued with that 
publication until 1889, when he went to Hutch- 



inson, Kansas, as business manager of the 
Jliitcliiiison Nc'ci's. He remained there l)Ul a 
shiirt time, an<l then went to Cliicago and was 
engaged in llie advertising department of the 
Chicago Tillies until April. 1890. He next 
eame to Ottumwa and purchased the C)ltiiiin<.'a 
Courier, which was established by Riciiard H. 
Warden, in 1S48. lie has built up a splendid 
circulation for both the daily and semi- weekly 
editions, as comparati\'c statements of yearly 
business will show. In 1890 the circulation 
was: daily. ^7^: weekly, 1,500. Tlie sworn 
statement of the circulation for the lirsl six 
months of 1901 was: tlaily, .^,709; semi-week- 
ly, 6,598. He has three linotype machines and 
a perfecting press, ])rinting from stereotyped 
plates, and eni])loys about 30 workmen, in ad- 
diliou to the carrier boys. He is a member of 
the .Vssociated Press, and is president of the 
Lee Syndicate of Iowa Evening Papers, an or- 
ganization of three of the best dailies in the 
state, including the Ihi-i'cuporl Tinu's. Ottiiin- 
ii'a Courier and Miiseiitiiie Journal. The 
Courier is recognized as one of the most suc- 
cessful county newspaj^er in the United States. 
Mr. Lee is always connected in a general way 
with all im])rovements in the city of his home. 
and contributes, both personally and through 
the influence of his paper, to the furtlierance 
of all worthy projects. He was a powerful fac- 
tor in making the Sixth Congressional District 
of Iowa safely Republican. 

June 4, 1885, Mr. Lee was united in mar- 
riage with Mary Walker, daughter of W. W. 
\\'alker, of Cedar Rapids, Iowa, and three chil- 
dren were born to them. viz. : William Walker, 

who died in Chicago, in 1890, aged twD years 
and eight months; .\lfred William, who died in 
Ottumwa July 29, 1900, aged nine years, one 
month and sixteen days; and Laura .\nna, 
born November 12, 1896. 

.\. ROEMl-"l\. a prosperous farmer 
of Center township, Wapello county, 
Iowa, is located on section 29, town- 
ship J J. range 13. He was born in 
Center township, and was one of the first white 
children born in Wapello coi:nty. 

C. I"". A. Roemer, father of (i. A., was born 
in Saxony, (jermany, in 1813, and came to 
this country in 1845. locating in Ottumwa, 
Iowa, on July 6. He purchased land near the 
fair grounds, but did not begin fanning until 
1848: he thenceforth continued it until his 
death, which occurred in 1IS94, at a ripe old 
age. He entered the land now owned by his 
son on November 6, 1848, and held it until, 
1875, when the latter accjuired it. 

G. A. Roemer attended the public schools 
during his early life and received a fair edu- 
cation. He has followed farming all his ^e, 
and with much success. He has never been 
married, but has a very comfortalile home, 
where his friends always find a welcome. He 
has made berries and small fruits his principal 
crop, producing a large quantity each year. 
For some years he played in one of Ottumwas 
brass bands, in which he found a great deal of 
pleasure, but the band was disorganized when 
the leader left. He has been identified with 



politics more or less, and is a Republican. He 
•came close to the nomination for sheriff on 
two occasions, and had he succeeded would 
undouhtedly have made a good record as an 

tired Inisiness man of Ottnmwa and 
former pro|)rietor of the Ottuinn'a 
Courier, was born January 19, 1827. 
in Cleveland. Ohio, in the ])art of the city then 
called Xewburg. He lived there until June. 
1854, when he removed to the west, in search of 
broader fields of operation, and located in Ot- 
tumwa in September of that year. He liad 
been admitted to the liar of Ohio in the spring 
of 1854. but concluded that the newer regions 
offered more inducements for the practice of his 

lie opened an office in Ottnmwa rnid con- 
tiiuicil his professional labors until August. 
1862. being as.sociated for about eight vcars 
Avith Hon. Morris J. Williams. ;\Ir. Hamil- 
ton gave up a large practice when he entered 
the 36th Reg., Iowa Vol. Inf., and was ap- 
pointed adjutant of the regiment. One year 
afterward be was i)ri>moted to the grade of 
major, and in 1865 was commissioned lieuten- 
ant-colonel. He was not mustered in as such, 
however, on account of the regiment not hav- 
ing men enough to justify it. yiv. Hamilton 
was mustered out August 24, 1865, and the 
regiment was disbanded September 7, of that 
year, at Davenport. In October, 1865, the 
Major returned to Ottumwa and resumed bis 

legal practice. During bis army life he was 
in nearly all the engagements participated in 
l)y the old "36th." He was captured at the 
battle of Mark's Mills, .\rkansas, April 25, 
1864, and was taken to ])rison at Camp Ford, 
near Tyler, Texas, and retained there until 
July 23rd, when, in company with Capt. Allen 
W. Miller, of Company C, and Capt. John 
Lambert, of Company K, of his regiment, he 
escaped. They traveled a distance of 700 miles 
on foot, without arms and p'oorl}- clad, and 
arrived at Tine Bluff. Arkansas, on the 24th of 
August. Dinging this journey the men suffered 
terrible pri\at)ons, subsisting for eighteen 
days on raw green corn. They were com- 
pelled to make moccasins of their boot-tops, 
and resort to all possible expedients to escape 
detection. For many \\ear\' da\s tbe\' slept in 
the forest, or under such shelter as they could 
find, but not a single day was passed indoors. 
They traveled nearly always by night, and their 
experience sounds like the ante-war stories of 
escaping slaves. For weeks at a time their 
ragged clothing was wet through. In fact, 
their escape was a marvelous one, considering 
the dangers to which they were subjected. The 
.Major's bra\e comrades died from the effects 
of their exposure. Captain Miller reached his 
home in Iowa, but died in Sejjtember, 1864, 
from slow fex'cr. and did not recognize bis par- 
ents until a few hours before death. Captain 
Lambert returned to his regiment, but was not 
fit for duty, and died January 6, 1865. Major 
Hamilton rejoined bis regiment and was in 
command a good deal of the time. In 1869, 
after several vears of b<ime life, the Major be- 




came associatcil witli General Hedrick in tlic 
l)ul)lication of the Courier and January i, 
iiSjcS, became its sule proprietor. He was tlie 
second mayor of Ottnmwa, was several times 
cliiiscn cmuK-ilnian. was elected to the State 
senate in 1866, to fill a vacancy, and again in 
i8C)8, and was apix)inted postmaster in 1870, 
a position he held several _\ears. 

In tlie liattle of Mark's Mills, Major Ham- 
ilton distinouished himself for i^-allantry ; it 
was a disastrous Ijattle for the Union troops, 
but the 36th Iowa Regiment, under Major 
Hamilton's command, retrieved the situation, 
in teaching the Confederates a lesson of lnyalty 
and \aliir. Majnr Hamilton has lieen no less 
eminent in peace than in war ; there is no man 
in Ottumwa who lias done more for the city 
than he. He has always been at the front 
in proniiiting great interests, and ne\'er has he 
been backward in charities. Major Hamilton 
has made an impress upon Ottumwa that will 
never be eradicated ; he is one of the strong- 
characters wlio go to make up tlie civilization 
of a great State. 

Major Hamilton married Elma C. Cofiin, 
a native of Springfield, Ohio, August 19, 1836. 
Si.x children have resulted from this union. 
The surviving ones are: Mary E. and Emma 
S. Major Hamilton has been prominently 
identified willi the public interests of Ottum- 
wa. He was a member of the board of edu- 
cation for a number of years, and was a prin- 
cipal agent for the St. Louis & Cedar Rapids 
]\ailroad Company in raising subscriptions for 
that line, by which means the St. Louis, Kan- 
sas Citv &• Xiirthern road was secured, .\bout 

$50,000 of the total subscription for that con- 
cern was raised througii his efforts. He wa.s 
also active in the scheme to induce the Chicago 
& Southwestern road to come to Ottumwa, 
which was not successful. In the securing of 
water power and water works for Ottumwa, 
and in other great undertakings the Major was 
foremost among the workers, and his name has 
ever been associated with the material pros- 
perity (jf tlie city. 

\i'T. S. B. EV.WS, editor and pub- 
lisher of the Independent, at Ot- 
tumwa, and editor and coin[)iler of 
the historical feature of this volume, 
j whose, portrait accompanies this sketch, is a 
native of Jefferson county. Tennessee, his birth 
t)ccurring July 31, 1837. 

The ancestors of Captain ii\ans are num- 
bered among the early settlers of Eastern Ten- 
\ iiessee. His father, Samuel Anderson Evans, 
i was a soldier in the Seminole War, and a law- 
yer by profession. His death occurred in Keo- 
kuk countv, Iowa, in 1881, at the age oLal- 

; most three score vears and ten. The Captain's 

I ■ 

! grandfather, Samuel Evans, served in the War 

of 181J, and his great-grandfather, Andrew 
Evans, was a soldier in the Revolutionar\- War, 
.'iiid jiarticipated in the battle of King's Moun- 
tain. Sarah (.Mitchell) Evans, mother of 
I Captain Evans, was a daughter of Berry Mitch- 
ell, a soldier in the War <>f 181J. She died 
in Keokuk county, Iowa, in 1865. Samuel 
.\ndcrson and Sarah (Mitchell) Evans were 



the parents of four cliildren, namely : S. B. ; 
Gideon, a printer residing at Richland, Iowa; 
Margaret, who also li\es at Richland; and 
Xancy, wife of J. D. Hayworth, who resides 
at Miln. 

S. B. Evans came with his parents to Iowa 
when but five years old. and lived with them in 
Davis county until 1849. when the family 
moved to Keokuk county. At the age of six- 
teen years, he entered a ])rinting office and 
served an apprenticeship to the printer's trade. 
He afterward worked as a journeyman, and 
accumulated a small sum of money. Near the 
age of manhood, lie found himself with a good 
trade, a small capital, and but a partial educa- 
tion ; realizing that education was more de- 
sirable than capital, he entered a branch of the 
University of Iowa at Fairfield, in 1855. In 
1858. in company with John R. Farra as part- 
ner, he founded the Democrat at Sigourney. 
Mr. Farra soon sold his interest to J. B. Sholl- 
enbarger. The paper was edited by Mr. Evans 
assisted by Judge J. M. Casey, and in i860 it 
supporidl .'Stephen A. Douglas for the presi- 
dency. When the Civil War broke out, Mr. 
Shollenbarger enlisted in the cause of the 
Union. In the fall of 1861, Mr. Evans sus- 
])ended publication of the Pciui'crat. moved to 
Ottumwa, and with judge E. L. Burton as 
partner established the Mercury. But Mr. 
Evans, like his forefathers, could not be con- 
tent at home when the country needed his ser- 
vices in the field. Leaving his pa])er in charge 
of Judge Burton and Judge H. B. Hender- 
shott. he enlisted, in August. i86j, and was 
nuistered into service with Company B, 33d 

Reg., Iowa Vol. Inf. He was appointed com- 
missary sergeant of the regiment and held that 
rank until 1864, when he assisted in 'organizing 
the 4th Regiment of Arkansas Cavalry, a regi- 
ment of loyal whites, and was promoted to be 
first lieutenant, with which rank he was mus- 
tered out in June, 1865. He participated in 
the Yazoo Pass expedition, the battle of Helena, 
and the Little Rock and C amden expeditions, 
including the battle at Jenkin's Ferry, besides 
numerous skirmishes, and was never wounded 
or taken prisoner. On returning from the 
arm\-. he resumed the editorial chair of the 
Mercury, and attended to its duties until 1868, 
when he sold it to Samuel Burton. He next 
founded, in connection with others, the Ot- 
tuiuzea Democrat, which he conducted until 
1881. when he sold it. S(.)on after this, he took 
charge of the archaeological expedition into 
Mexico, in the interest of the Chicago Times. 
His researches took him into several states of 
Mexico, and he succeeded in making .some dis- 
coveries acknowledged by the Mexican Govern- 
ment to be of great importance. One of these 
was the Tezcuco Calendar Stone, found in a 
pyramid at the ancient city of Tezcuco. The 
original stone is now in the Government ]\lus- 
eum of Mexico, and fac-similes are in the 
Smithsonian Institute at Washington, and in 
the Fairfield Library. He was several months 
in Old Mexico, and during his stay there, 
through the inllucnce of (]en. U. S. Grant and 
the American minister, Judge Morgan, the 
Mexican Government permitted him to exca- 
vate at any place and gave him a guard of 
troops when he desired. His guides were In- 



dians, and lie lived witli ihem during his so- 
journ. After leaving Old Mexico, he con- 
tinued his researches in New Mexico for a time, 
and there accjuircd mining interests to wliich he 
gave his personal attention until 1884, and 
which he still owns. Returning to Ottumwa 
in .\ugust, 1884, he again became editor of the 
Democrat . and in I'ebruary, 1886, again be- 
came its proprietor. 

l\)litically, Mr. Evans has at all times ad- 
hered to the Democratic party. In 187 J, he 
was a delegate to the national convention held 
at Baltimore, and \oted for Horace Greeley. 
In 1S76. he was an alternate delegate to the 
nationa.l con\ention held at St. Louis, and sup- 
ported Samuel J. Tiklen. In 1880, he was a 
delegate to the national convention at Cincin- 
n;iti and was made one (if the vice-presidents of 
that body. After the declination of Samuel J- 
Tilden. he supported Thomas F. Bayartl for 
the presidency. Mr. Evans was appointed and 
commissioned ])(;istmaster of Ottunnva l)y 
President Jolmstnn in 1866. but iluring the 
controversy between the president and tiie sen- 
ate, his nomination, with many others, was 
withdrawn. During the year 1866. he served 
several months as deputy collector of internal 
revenue. He was appointed jx^stmaster of Ot- 
tumwa by President Cleveland on July 14. 
1885, and his appointment was confirmed I)y 
the senate in March, 1886, without opposition. 
He served a term of four years. He was ap- 
jiointed in October, 1893, by President Cleve- 
irtud, consul of the United States to ^fanagua, 
tlie ca])ital of Nicaragua, Central .\merica. 
The appointment was confirmed by the United 

States senate, but Mr. Evans declined the oftice. 
In 1874, when the Iowa legislature established 
the fish commissi(jn, he was chosen president 
of thai 1)1 idy, as it was largely through his in- 
fluence that the commission was created, which 
greatly benefited the people of the common- 
wealth. He may well be proud of his labors 
while acting in that capacity, and of the results 
achie\ed. He was appointed bv (jovernor 
Boies, served from 1891 to 1897 as such com- 
missioner, and for three years of that period he 
was president of the board of commissioners of 
the Iowa Soldiers' Home at Marshalltown. He 
was chairman of the committee that built the 
hospital for that institution. In 1896, he was 
a delegate at large to the Democratic national 
convention at Chicago, and was chairman of 
the Iowa delegation. During 1891, he was 
engaged in editing and publishing the Sidi and 
other newspapers, and has continued in such 
work. I Ic founded the Sun, Democrat and 
Independent, and is at present publishing tiie 
last named i)a]icr. Mr. l-lvans was a member 
of the International Congress of Americanists 
at Berlin and Paris, and contributed a paper 
which was read and published at each congress. 
The object of this congress is to investigate the 
antiquities and early history of America. 

In 1901, Mr. P'vans was appointed l)y Gov- 
ernor Shaw, as a member of tlie Louisiana 
Purchase Commission, in connection with the 
exposition at St. Louis, and he Ixxamc a mem- 
ber of the committee of seven on scope and plan 
of the work in Iowa. 

December 19, 1866, Mr. Evans was united 
in marriage with Sarah E. Potter, who was 



l)i)ni in CaiTull county, Ohio, in Xovember, 
1845, the youngest cliild of John and Nancy 
Potter. Five children were born of this union : 
Margaret, deceased, who was the wife of F. L. 
Briggs; Sarah Editli: Lucy; Samuel MacDon- 
aid, deceased; and Bertha. As a citizen, Cap- 
tain Evans lias always been ready to assist 
worthy pul)lic enterprises, particularly those 
intended to benefit wide-awake Ottumwa. 

\RIS CALDWELL, deceased, was 

liorn in Ohio county. \'irginia, ^Lirch 

13, 1818. He was the son of' John 

am! S.-irah ( .MuUij^an) Caldwell. The 

former was a native of Scotland, and died 

when Paris was but eleven months old. 

Paris Caldwell left Virginia and located in 
Burlington. luwa. in 1841, w hcix' he remained 
seven months. He then went to what is now 
Davis county, Iowa, and remained there until 
May, 1843, ^vhen he came to Wapello county. 
He made claim to a tract of land in Center 
townshi]). which he afterward pnrch.'ised from 
the government. He resided on that tract un- 
til his death. Fifty-four acres of the original 
farm now lies within the corporate limits of 
the cit_\- of (Jttumwa. During the active career 
of Mr. L'aldwell he carried on farming and 
stock growing. 

In 1845 lie married ^Margaret Hackney, a 
daughter of William and Ellen Hackney, of 
\'irginia. She was born December 22, 1824, 
and died November 26, 1863. To this union 
eight children were born, viz.: John R., who 
married Clara T. Jordan and now lives in Kan- 

sas City, Missouri ; Sarah R., deceased ; Clara 
A., the wife of Edward Graves, now residing 
in Ottumwa; Mary F., deceased; Anna L., 
the wife of Newton L. i\rrison, living on the 
old homestead; Charles S., deceased; Joseph 
S., living at St. Louis, ilissouri ; and Cassius 
C, deceased. 2\Ir. Caldwell was married, sec- 
ondly, to Reliecca J. \\'alker, widow of Will- 
iam Walker. She was born October 8, 1825, 
and died Sei)tember 17, i^yy. One child was 
born to this union, — Blanche E., the wife of 
James A. Campbell, a sketch of whom is found 
on another page of this book. 

-Mr. Caldwell died .\pril 5, 1899. Lie was 
a member of the ]\Iasonic fraternity, and his 
political affiliations were with the Republican 
party. \Vhen he first came to Iowa it was yet 
a territory and so remained for five years. For 
fourteen years after his arri\al there was not 
a mile of railroad in all the State. The only 
means of conveyance was by water or by the 
slow-going ox team. The Indians yet existed 
in great numl)ers, and that portion of the 
territory now com])rised in the county of Wa- 
pello was almost unknown, there being only 
the Indian agency where Agency City now 
stands. The changes that have since taken 
place it is hardly possible for man to realize. 
In every seat of justice of the 99 counties of 
the State the putting of the engine on the great 
.\merican railroad is heard. The markets of 
the world are brought to their very doors, and 
the latest news is given to us tlay by day. al- 
most as soon as the events occur. 

Mr. Caldwell was reared under the benefi- 
cent infiuence of the schools and of the refined 




society of the t)l(ler settled states. Sueli men 
were well etiuipped to i^u forth and i]])en up a 
new empire. It was this type of men tliat laid 
the broad foundations of tlie conimonweahh of 
Iowa, antl to such as lie Iowa to-da_\- iars^-ely 
(iwes her yreatness. 

wlidse portrait appears on the op])o- 
site page, was horn Septemlier 11. 
1840, in Nortlnimljerland county, 
I'ennsyh'ania, of Scotch-Irish tlescent, iiis fa- 
ther's ancestors being Scotch. His motlier's 
maiden name was Cahlwell. and her jiarents 
came from the North of Jrehmd in ijr)<^. I lis 
grandmotlier, wiiose maiden name 
was Guilford, was of English descent. I lis 
grandfather Hutchison was prominent in the 
]nil)lic affairs of Pennsylxania. and at an early 
day represented a district, constituting about 
one-twelfth the state, in the general assembly. 
The subject of this sketch. Jose])h G. 
Hutchison, was educated at the W'illiamsport 
Dickinson .Sennnary. at W'illiamspcjrt. I'enn- 
sylvania, from which he was graduated in 
June, 1862, after completing a four years' 
course. This institution sustains and conducts 
classical and scientific collegiate courses. He 
entered the service .\ugust 10. 1862, as tirst 
lieutenant in the 131st Reg., I'a. Vol. Inf.. in 
the .Vrmy of the Potomac, and participated in 
the historic battles of Fredericksburg, .\ntietam 
and Chancellorsville. He also took part in the 
Gettysburg campaign as captain of Company 


I, -'Nth Reg., Pa. \'ol. Inf., which regiment 
was mustered into service under the special call 
of President Lincoln, to repell the Confederate 
invasion. Captain Hutchison ])erformed his 
duties well as a loyal and valiant officer, at a 
time when the country was in its greatest peril. 
Special mention was given him bv the com- 
mander of his brigade for bravery in the charge 
on Mary's Hill at the battle of Fredericksburg. 
Ca])tain Hutchi.son had been pursuing his 

' study of the law, and gra<luated at the Cleve- 
land (Ohio) Law School in the spring of 1865. 

I In December, 1865, he came to Ottumwa and 

I formed a law partnership with Hon. E. H. 

1 Stiles, one of the distinguished members 
of the Iowa bar. He i)racticed law until 1873 

; when he assisted in organizing the John.ston 
Kulller Com])any. and the Ottumwa Iron 
Works, a very important indu.stry that gave 
employment to a large number of men and 
brought the name of Ottumwa to the front as 
a manufacturing city. In 1873, lie went to 

I Euro])e, on a business trip, accompanied by his 
wife, and spent nine months there, visiting Lon- 
don, a few of the larger towns of luigland. and 

I the city of Paris. On the voyage home, he 
met T. D. Foster, wIkj was then on his way t0 
.\merica, with a view of establishing a large 
pork-packing house in the interests of Jolin 
Morrell & Company, Ltd. C;i])t.'iin Hutciii- 
son, loyal to his own town, and as an act of 
courtesy to his new ac(piaintancc, called Mr. 
Foster's attention to Ottumwa and the ad- 
vantages it otifered as the location for such an 
industrw The final result was that the Mor- 
rell packing-house liecanie a fixture of Ot- 



tiinnva. The subject uf tliis sketch resumed 
tlie practice of law in August, 1875, and con- 
tinued it actively and successfully until 1879. 
Jn the latter year Captain Hutchison was 
elected to the lower house of tlie state legisla- 
ture, where he served one term. In 1881, he 
received the nomination for the Iowa senate, 
from the Republican party, by acclamation, of 
which parly he has always been a consistent 
member, and was elected ; he was re-elected in 
1884, thus rendering ten years' service in the 
halls of the legislature. During his senatorial 
terms, he was a member of the ways and means 
and iudici;irv cumniittees. and. it is said, he had 
more to do in shajMng the policy that paid ofi 
the state debt, than any other man in the legis- 
lature, lie was the author of the registration 
system for elections, which is now giving the 
greatest satisfaction to men of all i)arties. al- 
though it was opixiscd at the beginning by 
those who did not understand its beneficent 
effect in securing an honest liallot. Mr. 
Hutchison also devoted a great share of his 
attention to railroad legislation, and organ- 
ized the committee which took the matter in 
charge, and at last brought about reforms that 
were advantageous to the people. lie re- 
ceived the niiminalinii for governor from the 
Re])ublican jjarty. in 1889. at a time when re- 
action against pnihiliition was strongest. 
Many Republicans voted for Governor Boies 
on account "i prohibition, and because Captain 
Hutchison stond manfully upon the platform of 
his i)arty. Two years afterwards. Hiram 
\\'heeler was nominated by the Re])ublicans for 
governor, as against Governor Boies, when the 

same issue was ])resented, and Mr. Wheeler 
was defeated by a 10,000 majority — ^4,000 
more than the majority Mr. Boies obtained over 
Mr. Hutchison. It thus became ])lain that 
Captain Hutchison was not defeated on per- 
sonal grounds, but because people suddenly 
turned against the ])rinciples of prohibition, 
and held the l\ei)ubliean party responsible. 
Others for other positions on the Republican 
state ticket suffered defeat each time that Gov- 
ernor Boies was elected, but the chief effort was 
made against the head of the ticket. 

Joseph (i. Hutchison has been twice mar- 
ried. His first wife was Sarah L. Taylor, to 
whom he was married November 4, i8f)8; she 
died on November 2, 1896. She was a woman 
of strong character and unusual mental gifts 
and scholarK' attainments, and through her in- 
fluence and executive ability there remain many 
good works to attest her wurth as a true woman 
of exalted character. Mr. Hutchison was mar- 
ried to Mabel Vernon Dixon, a daughter of 
Hon. J. W. Dixon, June 23. 1898. Mrs. 
Hutchison served as president of the Iowa 
Federation of Women's Clubs from May, 1899, 
to ]\Iav. i(>oi. a position which she filled with 
rare abilit_\- and lo the entire satisfaction of the 
I'edcration. She li;is done nnich unselfish and 
noljle work for women's club interests in Iowa. 
Captain Hutchison has had a successful 
business career. He was one of the promoters 
of the Oliumwa Xational Bank, served seven 
years as its president, and then resigned to 
accept the nomination for governor. He left 
the bank in good condition, which has been 
maintained by bis successors. In May. 1891, 



he entered upon a \vlK) fjrocery business 
in whicli lie has prospered. His has Ijeen a 
Inisy lite, which prumises to he prolonged to 
an ad\anced age with faculties unimpaired. 

We have thus given an outline, only, of the 
principle events connected closely with the sub- 
ject of this sketch, and the share he has taken 
in controlling those events. It will be seen 
that he is a man of action, and has taken his 
full share of the burdens of citizenship, and 
well won the honors due to those who are faith- 
ful in their convictions, and who devotedly ln\e 
their country and its institutions. His lirst 
sacrifices were made when he was but a mere 
youth, in offering his services as a soldier on 
the battlefield. When he again Ijecame a citi- 
zen, he so conducted himself that his integrity 
and abilitv won recognition, and he was instru- 
mental, to a large degree, in shaping the des- 
tiny of the young and growing state oi his 
adoption. During all the years he has lived 
in lo'wa. he has led the life of an u[)right Chris- 
tian gentleman, and attracted wruin friends be- 
cause of iiis integrity and his uns\\ erxing ad- 
lierence to a hieh standard of honor. 

R. ALLEX, civil engineer and a 

prominent mapmaker, well and fa- 

voral)ly known in dift'erent sections 

of the United States and Canada, lias 

been a resident of Ottumwa since 1890. He 

was horn at Peoria, Illinois, in 1830, iuid is a 

son of D. B. and Martha (Rewey) Allen. 

The Allen family is of English de.scent and 

its ancestry is the .same as that of Ethrni Allen, 
of Revolutionary fame, having been established 
in this country in 1665. D. B. Allen was tern 
in New York, (jf New England parents, his fa- 
ther ha\ ing been born in Massachusetts. The 
former was a soldier in the Civil War and the 
latter served in the War of 1812. The former 
became a ci\ il engineer by profession and set- 
tled at Peoria, Illinois, as early as 1846, having 
since made his lionie in that city. He married 
Martha Rewey, who was of French ancestry, 
and who died when the subject "liereof was very 
young. She was the mother nf three children; 
her two daughters now reside in Kansas. M/. 
Allen formed a second marital union, which 
resulted in the birth of one son and a daughter, 
who live in Illinois with their parents. 

.\ftcr leaving the public .school C. R. Allen 
took a normal course and was trained for a 
teacher. After teaching successfully for two 
years he abandoned that work c;n account of 
the indoor confinement, chose the profession of 
civil engineering, and went under training with 
his father. Mr. Allen commenced civil engin- 
eering with his father at a very early age, the 
latter being city engineer of Peoria. He next 
engaged in railway sur\ey work in Illinois ana 
Indiana, and served under a hydraulic'engineer 

[ some time. He was under the supervision of 
AIaj(jr Wright, an engineer of some note, and 

: also under Mr. Locke, a hyd.aulic engineer 
of Louisville. During the seven years of his 
apprenticeship he located several hundred miles 
of railroad. He then gathered data for maps 
for different ])ubli.sliing houses, traveling from 
the Atlantic to the Pacific in most of the north- 



crn states, and tlius acquired a Ijroad experi- 
ence and becoming familiar with many por- 
tions of the country in detail. Jn 1876 he 
went to Canada and spent four years in tlie 
same business, gathering details, platting land, 
etc. He came to hnva in 1880. and engaged in 
Ijublishing on his own account, covering a 
large part of western Iowa in detail. He ha*- 
either compiled or published maps of portions 
of Canada, the states of ?^licliigan, Indiana, 
Illinois, Wisconsin and some 20 counties in 
Iowa, making 80 counties in all. together with 
60 cities and towns, some of which are large in 
size. They are all standard maps and sold at a 
corrcs]i()ndingI\- high prici". He has i)ulilished 
his third map of Ottumwa and also one of Wa- 
pello county, and has located lands in the far 
west for syndicates. Since iSqo he has been 
engaged in local engineering work at Ottumwa 
and the surr()un<ling cnunlv, and has met 
with success. He was city engineer four years 
and enjoys the deser\ed re]nitation of being 
one of the best munici|3al engineers in the state. 
While acting as city engineer he ini])roved 
some of the streets of Ottumwa, and, being a 
landscape engineer of some note, has designed 
some fine parks and residence grounds. He 
is a memlier of the Iowa Engineering Society, 
of which he is past ])residcnt. and is now a 
director. He has a tine large reference library 
and. being greatly interested in the progress 
of engineering, has contrilmted \ari<nis ar- 
ticles for jniblication. 

Mr. Allen was joined in marriage at De- 
troit. Michigan, in 1877, with Josie Burdge, 
whose parents were fnim Xew "N'^rk. Her an- 

cestors on her father's side were English and 
on the mother's side, Hollanders. They ha\e 
two children : Clara Brooks, a teacher in the 
public schools of Ottumwa, and John Burdge, 
niiw cm[)l<i\x'<l with a large wholesale establish- 
ment at I'eciria, Jllinois. Clan was born on 
Prince Edward Island, Gulf of St. Lawrence, 
and John in Iowa. In politics Mr. Allen is a 
Republican, and, being a close student of his- 
t(/)ry, is c\'cr interested in the political situaliun. 
In religious \iews the family are in accord with 
the Methodist church, Mr. Allen taking a deep 
interest in Sunday-school work. His father 
was also a Methodist. 

R. J. 1'.. WILSOX. a gentleman skilled 
in tlie science of medicine and sur- 
gery, has been located at Ottumwa 
since December, 1897, in which time 
he has established a large and remunerative 
practice. He was born in Mitchell. Ontario, 
and is a son of James F. and Matilda ( Stewart ) 

Dr. Wilson received his primary cducatinn 
in the Harrison high school, from which .he 
graduated in 1886, and then took a classical 
course of str.d_\- in Toronto Univcrsit_\ , which 
lasted two years. In 1891 he entered Trinity 
Medical College, in which he completed a five- 
year course, graduating in 1896, with the de- 
grees of Doctor of Medicine and Master of 
Surgerv. llis tirst field of practice w;.s at 
Ilan(i\er, Ontario, where he remained about 
two \-ears. He remo\cd tn Ottumw.'u W a-iello 




C( unty, liiwa, in Dcceinhcr. 1897. '^"'1 '"'-'t whh 
immediate success. He lias won the confidence 
of the citizens of Ottunuva to a marked degree, 
and .stands very liig;h in their esteem, liotli in a 
professional and i)ersonal relation. He main- 
tains an office at Xo. 1402 East Main street. 
Fraternally Dr. Wilson is a Mason and 
has been a member of that order since March 
21. 1894. wlien he was admitted to Harri.ston 
LtKJge, Xo. 252, A. F. & A. M., at Harriston, 
Ontario, lie is also a member of the Modern 
Woodmen of America and l\o\al .Xeighbors. 
In religious \ic\vs he faxurs the Episcopal 

portrait is shown herewitii, one of the 
most widely known citizens of Ot- 
tumwa. is the proprietor of the Bail- 
ingall Hotel, the only first-class hotel in the 
city. It connnands the finest transient as well 
as local patronage, and its management and 
cuisine are spoken of only in the iiighest terms 
of praise. Tliis hostelry consists of 100 rooms, 
exceptionally well furnished and equipped with 
all modern improvements. For the advantages 
to be liad, the rates of $2 and $2.50 per day 
are exceedingly moderate. Mr. Manchester 
was born in Bridgeport, Connecticut, in 1844, 
is a .son of William M. and Conteni: (Beach) 
^Manchester, and comes of an old Xcw Eng- 
land family. 

William M. Manchester and his wife were 
reared and married in Connecticut. She died 
in 1893, and he came to Ottumwa to live with 

his son, J. C, and died here March jj. 1898, 
at the age of eighty-five years. Religiously, 
they were strong .Methodists. They were the 
parents of seven children, as follows: Lucius, 
who is about sixty-eight years of age, and 
has l:ecn a minister of the Methodist Confer- 
ence of Xcw jersey, for the past forty years; 
Francis, aged sixty-three years, who has f(j|- 
lowcd teaching as a ])rofession. and lived in the 
West for a number of years, but now resides in 
Ohio; Minerva, who died some years ago; 
Sarah, who married Henry I-". Keyes, and now 
resides in .Xew Haven, Connecticut; Julian C, 
and Julius, a machinist, of Bridgeport, Con- 
necticut, who are twins: and one who died in 

Julian C. Manchester was reared and 
schooled at Bridgeport, Connecticut, and 
learned the trade of a machinist. But when 
seventeen years old, in January, 1864, he en- 

j listed in Company E, ist Reg., Conn. Heavy 
.\rtillcry, and ser\ed for two years, being a 
sergeant when he was mustered out. He was 
in the nine months siege of Petersburg and 
the siege of City Point, and, after Lee's sur- 
render, was ordered with his regiment to Rich- 
mond to take charge of and ship home tli€ 

' guns and su])|)lies. lie was mustered out in 
December, 1865, at Xew Haven, Connecticut, 
being among the last of those nnistered out. 
He then returned to his trade as a machinist, 
and followed it until 1871, when he moved to 
Big Rapids, Michigan, where he conducted the 
Manchester Hotel for some years. He then 
located at Muscatine, Iowa, where he con- 
ducted the Ea.stern House from 1879 till 1882, 



and tlieii came to Ottumwa. Here he became 
proprietor of the Balhngall Hotel, which was 
buiU by 1'. G. Balhngall, a prominent resident 
of Ottumwa, who died in 1891. Enterprising 
and progressive, Mr. ^^lanchester soon made it 
ihc linest hotel in this section of the state. 
drawing to it the very best class of trade. It 
is complete in all its appointments, and its 
bar is one of the linest in the city. He also 
conducts a wholesale li(|unr department, the 
annual business of which is between $25,000 
and $30,000. \\ ben he began he had 35 tran- 
sient rooms, which have since been increased 
to 93. the a\-erage number of transient guests 
being 73 daily. 1 le has aregular Sunday trade 
of from ()0 to 70 ])crsous. He employs be- 
tween 45 and 50 people in tlie Iniilding. and, 
although be superintends the work, has an 
able assistant in his son, Edward, who is bead 
clerk and assistant manager. 

.Mr, Al;uichester was united in marriage at 
Eort Wayne, Indiana, witli bdl.i J. Burnabee, 
it native of Vermont. Two sons blessed this 
i.nion : Edward, assistant manager of the 
hotel, who married .Vatilia (irubc, and has 
bis home in the hotel: and Charles, who was 
born in the hotel, li\ed to be fifteen years of 
age and died September 13, 1S99. Eraternal- 
ly. Mr. .Manchester is a member of the Elks, 
and Knights of Tythiiis, and was formerly a 
member of the Odd Fellows. He hlled all the 
chairs of the subordinate lodge of the K. of P., 
and is now brigadier general of the Iowa 
State Uniform Rank, having command of the 
state. Religiouslv, be is a Melliodist. He 
has never engaged in jiolitics to any extent. 

FORGE UA\\\ vice-president of the 
First National Bank of Ottumwa 
and a ])rominent hardware merchant, 
was born in England October 8, 
1836. He is a son of John and ^lary (Lazen- 
by ) ll;iw, lK)tb natives of England. 

John Haw came to .\mcrica with bis fam- 
ily and settled in (ir;uU county, Wisconsin, 
where he died at the age of tifty vears. 
His wife died at the age (jf fortv- 
seven years. They reared a family 0/ 
nine children, namely: William, deceased; 
George, the subject of this sketch; Jane 
(McMurray), of Evansville. \\'isconsin; Si- 
mon, of Lodi, Wisconsin: John, of Hammond, 
Wisconsin: Christopher, of Ottumwa, Iowa; 
Thomas, deceased: Elizalieth ( DeSellerst), 
deceased: and Alary (Smithj, of West Su- 
])erior, Wisconsin. 

George Haw reL-ei\ed his prim.nrv educa- 
tion in Wisconsin. He taught school one term 
and then read medicine a short time, and in 
1857 engaged in the drug business. In 1862 he 
enlisted as first lieutenant of Company B, 33d 
Reg., Wisconsin Vol. Inf., and was taken into 
General Sherman's army and later into Gen- 
eral Grants. He was with the latter when he 
made the attack at the rear of Vicksburg while 
Sherman made the attack in front. After the 
fall of Holh- Springs his regiment returned to 
Memphis and retnainecl there tmtil the spring 
of 1853, when it went down the river to jom 
in the siege of Vicksburg. He also particijiated 
in the \\ct\ Ri\er expedition. In May. i8()4, 
he resigned from the service on acount of poor 
health. In September, 18^)4. be sold out bis 



(irui; Inisiness, came to Ottuijiwa, luwa. and 
cnyai^cd in the liardware l)usiness. The firm 
of George I law iv (nni]>any, as organized at 
jjrcseut. liad its beginning in 1864. Mr. 11 aw 
started tiic Inisiness with Mr. I Icnry, nnder the 
firm name of Henry iv I law. Thus he con- 
tinned nntil iS6,S. wlien the\- Iiad the misfor- 
tune to lie l)urnc(I nut. .nnd lie then heeame con- 
nected with the h'irst Xalional Hank. Al- 
though he resumed the hardware business in 
1871. he has not severed his connection with 
the bank. In iSji the linn took its present 
name, which it has since retained, in itSjS 
I"". W. Simmons became a member of the linn, 
since which time it has been comjxised of 
(ieorge Ilaw. Christopher I law and !•". W . 
Simmons. Tliev do a retail and wholesale 
Inisiness, and it is with pride that the_\- can re- 
fer to the fact that they have cjuite a number 
of customers on their books who have traded 
with them for twenty-five years. ')"hat alone 
proves their worthiness. They deal in shelf 
and hea\w h;ird\\are. house furnisliing goods, 
and mining supplies of all kinds. They occui)y 
a handsome fcnir-story structure, fronting on 
main street, and extending l)ack to the Chicago, 
I'.urlington & Ouincy and Chicago, Rock isl- 
and & Pacific tracks. 

Mr. Haw married Henrietta R. Meeker, of 
Iowa county, Wisconsin, in i860, and slie died 
in November, 1861. He married, secondly. 
.\nna M. Henry, wlio died in Sei)tember, 1869, 
having had two children : Minnie F. and Hat- 
tie T. He next married .\nna M. CorUhill, in 
1873. She was l)orn in New London, Iowa, 
and died in 1895, leaving four children: 

George C, Alice Jane, Carl T. and James (_■. 
Mr. Haw was married again, in i8(jy, to Katli- 
erine Jeardeau, of I'latteville, Wi.scnnsin. Re- 
ligiously he is a' strong member of the M. E. 
church, lie is a Knight Templar, and belongs 
to Ottumwa Post, G. A. R. He is a director of 
the Dain Manufacturing Comi)anv. Politically 
he i> a Republican. 

\1"T. W. H. C. J AGUES, a member 
of the firm of Jatpies & Jacpies. at- 
torneys-at-law, is an (ornament to the 
bar of Wapello county. He has 
practiced in Ottumwa ever since his admission 
to the bar, and has a large and well established 
clientage. He was born October j(j. 1841. at 
.\bing<l(jn, Virginia, and was two years old 
when brought to Iowa by his ])arents, William 
and Mary Jacpies, who located in Jefferson 
count}-. I lis f;itlier was a bricklayer, and al- 
ternated his duties on the farm w ith working at 
his trade as opportunity permitteil. 

Mr. Jaqnes attended the district schools 
three months of the year until /862. when lie 
enlisted as a jirivate in Company D. 19th Reg., 
Iowa \ ol. Inf. He served with his regiment 
through the cam])aign in southwestern Mis- 
souri and northwestern .\rkans;i.s, in the fall of 
1862, and in 1863 in the campaign annind 
Jackson and at the siege of Vickshurg. I'-roin 
there his regiment was sent to New Orleans, 
I)ut on account of sickness he was granted a 
furknigh and remained at home several luonths. 
While on his return to his regiment, then lo- 



cated at Brownsville, on the Rio Grande River, 
he was commissioned second lieutenant of the 
5f)tli United States Infantry, then at Helena, 
y\rl<ansas. and joined his new regiment in Feb- 
ruary, 1864. He soon rose to the rank of first 
lieutenant, and afterward served on the staffs 
of Generals McCook, Thayer, Carr and Col- 
onel Bentroni, while they were in command of 
the eastern district of .\rkansas, as aid-de-camp 
and assistant adjutant-general, until promoted 
to he captain of Company B, of the same regi- 
meiU. After serving a while with his regiment 
he was detailed as a member of the court mar- 
tial at Little Rock. Arkansas, which was ap- 
pointed to conduct the trial of Capt. Green 
Durhin. assistant quartermaster, a trial which 
lasted over three months. While acting as a 
meiubcr of this court he first conceived the idea 
of studving law. He was mustered out of serv- 
ice with his regimeiU in September, 1866. • 

Immediately upon returning home from the 
war he took a course of lectures in the law de- 
partment of Harvard University, and in the 
spring of 1867 came to (^tluiaw;i. where he 
entered the law office of Judge \\'illiams. one 
of the leading jurists of southern Iowa at that 
time. Here he continued to pursue his studies 
and was admitted to the bar the same year. He 
immediately thereafter Ijegan the ])ractice of 
law in Ottumwa, where he has continuously 
followed it since. He is careful and ])ainstak- 
ing in the i)reparation of a case for trial, and 
as an acKocate is forciljle, agreeable and per- 
suasive, — possessing natural talent as an or- 
ator. He is an extensive reader, and takes an 
intelligent interest in general and jxililical mat- 

ters. At present he is serving as city solicitor 
of Ottumwa, ha\ing been elected to the office 
on the Democratic ticket. He has had im- 
portant cases that called him outside the state; 
he has been \ery successful in his practice be- 
fore the supreme court, and wherever he has 
come in contact with legal minds, his ability 
and integrity have been recognized. 

Captain Jaques was married August 29, 
1869, to Flora Williams, a sister of Judge Will- 
iams. To tliis union have been born four chil- 
dren, namely : Stella W. ; J. Ralph, now junior 
member of the firm of Jaques & Jaques ; Edna, 
and Mal)el. 

W. BUCHAXAX, of the linn of 
Jones & Buchanan, wholesale deal- 
ers in tlour ;uicl \cei\, has been located 
in W'apello county since 1870, and 
is a \-ery prominent business man. He was 
born in Xcw Jersey, in February. 1848, and is 
a son of Alexander and .\nna (Cameron) 

Alexander Buchanan followed the occupa- 
tion of a farmer imtil the Ci\-il War. when he 
enlisted in the Union army, lie lost his lil'e 
at the battle of Kencsaw Ivhiuntain, June 27, 
1864. He was of Scotch descent, and was 
married, in Xew York State, to .\nna Cam- 
eron. rhe\' reared five chililren, as follows: 
A. W., the subject of this biographical record; 
Christian;i (.Scott), who resides near Hed- 
rick. Iowa: Agnes (Thompson), who lives 
■ne.'ir I'remont. Iowa; Airs. .Mice (Bowlin), at 





wliosc Iioiiie at Highland Ctintcr, Iowa, licr 
mother resided at the time of the latter's death, 
July 22, 1901 ; and Rubert. of Ringgold coun- 
ty, Iowa. 

A. W. Buclianan spent most of his early 
life in Illinois, wliither his parents moved in 
1850, locating near Princeviile in Peoria coun- 
t\-. Me took an academic course at i'rince\ille 
and [jursucd it until within a short time of the 
graduating period. His business career lias 
been spent mainly in the grain trade. He lo- 
cated in Highland township. Wapello county, 
Iowa, in 1870, where lie purchased land and 
engaged in agricultural pursuits until 1878. 
In that year he moved to Ottumwa, where he 
has since been continuously engaged in busi- 
ness. He formed a partnership with Mr. 
Jones and embarked in the wholesale llfjur. 
feed, grain and seed line in a small store on 
Market street. The concern at the present 
lime, in point of size, is four times larger than 
in the early years of its existence. It is now 
located on Second street, between Court and 
Market, in a two-story building. .^3 by 132 feet 
in dimensions. The firm employs a force of 
seven men. and also has a number of teams 
for draying. Jones & Buchanan are the only 
grain shippers in the city, and keep one man on 
the road all the time, covering a territory 
within a radius of 50 miles of Ottumwa. Mr. 
Buchanan .also has extensive farm interests in 
the county. He has been very successful in 
a business way, and by his honesty and 
straightforwardness in dealing with all has won 
the confidence and respect of his fellow men. 

^Ir. Buchanan married "Martha .Mbcrtson. 

iri Illinois; she was a native of Ohio. In poli- 
tics he is a Republican, and served as alder- 
man of the Fourth \\ anl for a period of four 
years. Fraternally he is a member of the 
Sons of Veterans, and has represented Doncl- 
son Camp, \o. ^2, of Ottumwa. In religious 
attachments he is a Presbyterian, and is a trus- 
tee of his church. In 1899 he was elected to 
the Iowa State legislature, and is now serving 
in the 28th general assemblv. 

I\. ViVX K. a prominent, 
who has been engaged in that line 
oi business in Ottumwa since 1892. 
is also president of the Beck Chem- 
ical Company. He was born in 1866. at 
Bloomfield. Davis county, Iowa, and is a son 
of M. H. Beck. 

M. H. Beck was formerly from Indiana, 
but is now retired from active business and re- 
sides at Bloomfield. He was at one time en- 
gaged in the general mercantile business at 
Ashland. Wajiello county. Iowa. 

W. R. Beck was reared in Bloomfield. I(uva, 
and took a course in pharmacy at an earlv age, 
serving an ajji^renticeshii) at Moulton, Iowa. 
He engaged in the drug business for himself 
at Eldon. Iowa, in 1889. conducting a store 
there until 1892. when he came to Ottumwa, 
and established a retail drug store at Xo. 601 
East Main street, which he still conducts. The 
Beck Chemical Ccmiiiany, located just across 
from the drug store, is at \o. 602 Main street, 
aufl was incorpor.ilt'd in T.intinrx, k^oo. with 



Mr. Beck ;is i^ciu-ral supcTintc'iKlfiii and man- 
asa^er; Judge Cliarles Hall, vice-president; M. 
(iriswold, secretary; and C. Manning, treas- 
urer, it was organized as a stocl< company 
with a capital of $25,000. A large line of pro- 
jjriclarv medicines is manufactured, and two 
salesmen. G. R. Hartson and W. F. Moss, rep- 
resent the cf)mpanv on the road. Twenty dif- 
ferent ])reparati(ins are manufactured and a 
luimhcr of people employed. Under success- 
ful management, tlie Inisiness of the company 
has nourished, and they have a large trade 
throughciul this sectiun of the state. 

Mr. I'eck was united in marriage with Mi'> 
nie Callen. of ]\Ioulton. Iowa, and they have a 
very pleasant home in Ottumwa. In politics, 
he is a Repuhlican. Fraternally, he is a mem- 
her of the K. of P. and B. P. O. E.. and has 
Tilled some of the chairs. Mrs. Beck belongs 
to the Daughters of the .American Revolution; 
and the P. E. O. Sisterhood; she is a member 
of the Presbyterian church. Mr. Beck has 
many friends in Ottumwa. who hold him in 
liigh esteem for his many sterling tiualities. 
His ])ortrait accompanies this sketch. 

11. 11, .\SBUR\'. the well-known 
real estate dealer of Ottumwa, and 
one of the \'er\- early residents of 
this section of the State, located 
in Alonroe count)-, near the Wapello county 
hne, as early as 1K50. lie was horn in Parke 
county, Indiana, A])ril 4, 1841, and is a .son of 
Benjamin and Mary (Porter) A.sbury. He is 

a grandson of Joseph Asbury, a Revolutionary 
soldier, and comes of English stock. 

Benjamin Asbury was born in Fairfax 
county, \'irginia, and when a youth moved to 
Kentucky, thence to Indiana and finally to 
Iowa. His occupation was that of a black- 
smith and farmer. He was a soldier of the 
"Graybeard" regiment, the 37th Reg., Iowa 
Vol. Inf. He made his home in Monroe ami 
Ringgold counties, Iowa, until his death, 
which occurred in 1899. at the age of ninety- 
tlve }-ears. He was a stanch Whig and later 
a Republican, and was a great admirer of 
Henry Clay. He married Mary Porter, who 
was Ijorn in Kentucky and is now li\-ing in 
Ringgold count}-, Iowa, at the advanced age 
of ninety-one years. Her grandfather was 
also a soldier in the Re\-olutionarv \\'ar. This 
union was blessed with fi\-e children, as fol- 
lows: Emily (Cleary), who was born in In- 
diana and resides on a farm in Keokuk county. 
Iowa; Thomas, a physician and druggist of 
Ringgold county, Iowa; W. H. H.. the subject 
of this biography; and Mary Ann (Xeidigh), 
and Benjamin, Jr., a mechanic, Iioth lixing in 
Ringgold county, Iowa. 

William H. H. Asbury attended the com- 
mon schools in Indiana and Iowa, and engaged 
in farming up to the time of the Ci\-il War. 
He then enlisted in Company E, 3d Reg., Iowa 
Vol. Ca\-., as a private, and later served as 
sergeant for one. and a half years. He was 
wounded to such an extent that he wa= '-'ica- 
pacitated for duty, and was discharged on that 
account, after participating in .several minor 
engagements. lie was nnistered out in t8(')3, 



and retunietl to Iowa, where lie, in lurii, farmed 
and tanglil school in Monroe connty nntil 
1865. when he canie to Wapello connty and 
engaf;ed in merchandising. Here lie served 
as deputy sheriff for two years. In 1872-1873 
he served in tiie capacity of deputy county 
treasurer, lie served as treasurer during 
1874. 1875, 1876 antl 1877. and again as dep- 
uty' treasurer in 1880 and 1881. He ne.xt en- 
gaged in the mercantile and real estate lines, 
and fo'r a time, prior to 1890. was in the gov- 
ernment revenue service. Since that date he 
has de\-oted his attention exclusively to the real 
estate business, in partnership with John B. 
Mowrey, his present office being at Xo. lOi 
North Court street. 'He is very progressive 
and enterprising in his business methods, and 
has met with marked success. He is a man 
of pleasing personality and has scores of friends 
wherever he has lived. 

Mr. Asbury was united in marriage, in Wa- 
pello county, with Mary IC. Jay, who was born 
in Ohio in 1841, and came to this state at the 
age of thirteen years, accompanying her fa- 
ther. Job P. Jay, a prominent Quaker. They 
became the parents of three children. — two of 
whom, sons, died in infancy. .\ daughter. 
Bertha, aged twenty years, is a graduate of 
the Ottumwa jniblic schools, and is living at 
home. She is a member of the Daughters of 
the American Revoluti(jn. Mr. Asbury is a 
Republican in politics, and has served in the 
citv council from the Third Ward, in which 
he lives, having built a comfortable home on 
Maple avenue. Fraternally, he is a Knight 
Temi)Iar and a member of Cloutman Post, No. 

C(j, G. .\. k., Inning served in all chairs of the 
local post. He is also a member of the Sons 
of the American Rexoiulion. .Mrs. Asljury is 
a member of the Women's Relief Corps. Mr. 
Asbury holds to Unitarian doctrines, while his 
wife is a member of the Presbyterian church 
and of the various church organizations. 

i-.W TON L. ARRISOX, who has been 

a resident of Wapello county, Iowa, 

since 1S77. is efficiently serving in the 

capacity of assistant city clerk of Ot- 

timiw a. He was born in Greene county. Penn- 

syhania. in 1853. and is a son of G. W. and 

Clara (llumberts) Arrison. 

G. W. .vrrison was born in b'ayette county, 
Pennsylvania, in 1823, and was of Scotch de- 
scent. H's father was an extensive slave- 
holder in old \'irginia. G. W. .\rrison fol- 
lowed farming all his life, and died in Penn- 
sylvania in 1890: He married Clara Hum- 
berts, who was born near Wo<jster, Ohio, in 
1828, and is now a resident of Southwestern 
Pennsylvania. Ten children bles.sed this 
union, six of whom are living: Jennie 
(Schmitz), a widow living in Greene county, 
Penn.sylvania; Ethelbert, mayor of Carnegie, 
Washington county, Pennsylvania: Newton 
L. ; George J., mayor of Mount Morris. Penn- 
sylvania; Sarah (McConnell), a widow, of 
Greene county, Pennsylvania: and Nellie 
(Hitchens), whose husband is an attorney-at- 
law in McKcesport, Pennsylvania. 

Newton L. Arri.son attended the commoiT 



schools (It Greene coiiiUy, Peiinsylviiiiia, and 
left for tiie W'tst on July 10, 1877. He was a 
sclioolinate of A. B. Cummins, prospective gov- 
ernor of the State of Iowa. His intention was 
tt visit Indianola and. perhaps, to locate there, 
but he decided on Otfumwa as the better and 
more prosperous location. He first began 
painting and paper hanging, which he fol- 
lowed until some years after his marriage. 
He then served fourteen }ears as clerk in the 
Ottumwa postoffice. and later in various cleri- 
cal positions. Since April. 1901, he has been 
assistant city clerk, and is discharging the du- 
ties of that office in a most satisfactory man- 

Mr. Arrison was united in marriage with 
Anna L. Caldwell, a daughter of Paris Cald- 
well, one (if the pioneers of the count}-. Paris 
Caldwell was horn in Ohio county, Virginia. 
IMarcli i_^. 1 8 18, and was a son of John and 
Sarah (.Mulligan) Caldwell, the former a na- 
tive of Scotland, who died when Paris was 
eleven years old. Paris Caldwell came from 
Virginia to liurlington, L)wa. in 1841. and 
after the lapse of seven months went to what 
is now Da\is county, Iowa. He remained 
there until May, 1843, when he located in what 
is now Wapello county, taking as a claim a 
tract of land which is now situated in the 
western ])art of the city of Ottumwa: this he 
purchased from the government. When he 
first came to Iowa it was a territory, and so 
remained for five years. For fourteen years 
after he came there was not a single mile of 
railroad in the State. That part of the terri- 
tory now comprised in W'apello county was 

almost unknown, there being only the Indian 
agency where Agency City now stands. He 
was a ])ubl:c-spirited man, and always contrib- 
uted t(i pulilic impr(i\cmcnts and enterprises. 
He was reared under the influences and refine- 
ment of society in the older settled states, and 
was well suited to assist in the opening of a 
new territory. He was a superbly constituted 
man, both mentally anil physicallv. retaining 
his activity and energy almost up to the time of 
' his death, which occurred .April 5. 1899. at the 
i ripe old age of eighty-two years. In 1845 li^ 
\vas united in marriage with Margaret Hack- 
ney, a daughter of \\'illi,-nu and Ellen Hack- 
ney, of Virginia. She was born December 
I 22. 1824. and died Xovember 26. 1863. Eight 
1 children were born to them: John R., wlio 
married Clar;i J. Jordan and resides at Kan- 
sas City, Missouri: Sarah K.. deceased; Clara 
.\.. wife of Edward Graves: Mary F., de- 
ceased; Anna L., wife of the subject hereof; 
Charles S.. deceased : Josei)h S. : and Cassius 
C. decea.sed. .Mr. Caldwell later married Re- 
becca J. Walker, widow of William Walker. 
This lady was born October 8. 1825. and died 
September 17. 1S77. leaving a daughter, 
Blanche E., who became the wife of James 
.\. Cam])l)cll. Air. Caldwell was a Republi- 
can in ])olilics, and a member of the Masonic 

Air. and Airs. .Arrison ha\'c tun sons: 
Harry, aged eighteen years: and Ralph, aged 
sixteen years. Their home is the original 
licnise built by Air. Caldwell, in which AFrs. 
Arrison was born. They still possess the 
original patent to the claim obtained fmm the 




government. At one time Mr. Caldwell 
owned 320 acres, all in the city of Ottnniwa. 
and there are still 30 acres of the old Ik miesteatl 
intact. I'olitically Mr. .\rrison is a Demo- 
crat, and under Governor Boies held a secre- 
taryship of election committees. 1 le is a 
member of the Woodmen of the World. Mod- 
ern Woodmen of .\nierica, and I'nion Central. 
In religious views he is a Preshvterian. 

LLi:.\ JOHNSTOX. of Ottumwa. 
Iowa, whose portrait is shown here- 
with, was horn in Muskingum coun- 
ty, Ohio in 1848. He came to Wa- 
pello county with his parents in 1855, t'i<^y lo- 
cating- on a farm one mile northeast of Biakes- 
burg-. Allen remained on the farm until he 
was nineteen years old, and received a coniiuon 
school education. In 1867 he came to Ottum- 
wa to study dentistry wiUi his brother, W. T. 
Johnston, who was also agent for the Singer 
sewing machine, but taking a greater interest 
in the sale and mechanism of sewing machines 
tiiaii dentistry, he ceased his nrejiaration for 
that profession. 

Allen Johnsttin showed his inventive genius 
at a very early age. In 1862, while carpenters 
were working on the erection of a new frame 
house on the farm, he sat watching them as 
ihcy used the crank auger and chisel in mak- 
ing the mortices, and he conceived the idea of 
putting a chisel on the auger, so that the work 
of the auger and chisel would be done by the 
same crank at the same time, and tiuis the 

auger woukl throw out all the chips made by 
the chisel, forming a square hole. He explained 
his theory to the workmen and they thought 
there was a possibility of making a tool of that 
kind, but their remarks were of such a character 
as to discoin"ige his saying anything further 
about it. Later such a ])atent was taken 
out by other parties, anil became a very 
valuable discovery, lie was not like most 
boys on the farm, and although he was 
eager for sports and sj^ent much time in 
that way. he passed most of his leisure 
hours at home, working in a little shop 

I which he had fixed up in the attic. He spent 
his spare cash (which was small in amount) 
for t(X>ls and chemicals, with which to make 
experiments. When young he made wagons 
and sleds. In. his neighlwrhood hazel nuts 
were plentiful, and young Johnston made a 
machine to hull them. He made silver and 
gold rings for the neighboring children, also 
repaired revolvers, guns and other implements. 
ll was while selling sewing machines that .Mr. 
Johnston first began to make extensive use of 

j his inventive power along commercial lines. 
Mis hrst ])atent was taken out jointly by him- 
self and brother, W. T. Johnston, in 1870, and 
was an embroidery attachment for sewing ma- 
chines. His second iinention was ;i rufller at- 
tachment, contrived, also, jointly with his 
brother. The first of these articles were made 
in his brother's dental otlice; they were first 
sold by canvassing from house to house. .\s 
trade increased there was a demand for more 
room and they moved into the third story of 
a Main street building, where he made tools 



witli wliich t(i manufacture tlie celebrated 
Johnston rufflers. Tlie first niachiner_v was pro- 
pelled by hand, through tlie aid of a large 
grindstone. The old grindstone was soon re- 
placed by an engine, and more spacious quar- 
ters were taken on Court street, where a large 
store room was secureil. lousiness grew rapid- 
ly and soon 30 hands were employed. The 
company was known as W. T. Johnston & 
Company, consisting of W. T. Johnston, Allen 
Johnston, \V. T. Major, -J. T. Hackworth and 
J. G. Hutchison. In the spring of 1871 they 
bought a lot in the middle of the block they 
now occupy, and thereon built a factory, 30 by 
60 feet, in dimensions, and two stories high, 
thinking that structure would accommodate all 
the business the firm would ever have; but 
this was a mistake, as business increased rapid- 
ly, and they had to add to their capacity until 
the entire block was covered by one solid build- 
ing. In 1872 the concern was organized as a 
coqjoration under the title of the Johnston 
Ruffler Compan\-, the incor])oralors being J. 
T. Hackworth, Allen Johnston, ^\'. T. Major 
and j. (j. Hutchison. The last named gentle- 
man sold his interest after a few years, and 
A. G. Harrow was admitted into the corpora- 
tion. The largest amotmt of business done by 
them was during the period frotn 1882 to 
189J. The Johnston Ruffler Company had in 
its employ over 500 men. 

Allen Johnston took out patents on \-ari- 
ous sewing machine attachments, and thev were 
all manufactured by the Johnston Rufifler Conv 
pany until recent years. Most of the sewing 
machine patents have been sold to an eastern 

corporation, and the Ottumwa Iron Works, 
which now occupy the plant formerly operated 
by the Johnston Ruffler Company, and which 
are controlled and managed b\' the same gen- 
tlemen who promoted the latter company, now 
manufacture other machinery patented bv Mr. 
Johnston. Air. Johnston's patents for the auto- 
matic screw machines were among the first 
secured for that kind of machiner\-. These 
machines were manufactured and sold for a 
time by the Johnston Ruffler Company and 
the Ottumwa Iron Works, Intt the patents hav- 
ing finally been sold to other ])arties, they 
ceased to mainifacture the machines. Anicjng 
the many other patents taken out by Mr. 
Johnston, the latest and most important are 
machines for the manufacture of cutlcrw 

Some time ago Mr. Johnston was induced 
to take stock in a cutlery factory, and this is 
what led him to make improvements on ma- 
chinery of that kind. His first patents were 
for grinding and polishing machines; these 
brought of.t another condition in the (lci)art- 
ment of forging, which led him to make im- 
I provements in order to get a uniform product 
j for the grinding machines. The result of this 
was the inauguration of the manufacture of 
grinding machines and this led to the designing 
and patenting of machines for the different op- 
erations, — forging, grinding, whetting and 
glazing, also machines for grinding and finish- 
ing handles, .\bout 25 patents have been taken 
out bv i\lr. Johnston, bearing on cutlery ma- 
chinery. So important have these been, that 
they have revolutionized the manufacture of 
cutlerv, e\en in the Old World. These ma- 



chines are made by the Ottumwa Iran Works, 
and are being used in Norwicli, Connecticut, 
and Sheffield, England, the two greatest cut- 
lery manufacturing centers in the world. The 
Ottumwa Iron Works are now building ma- 
chines for one of the most extensive plants in 
Sheffield, England. In this connection an in- 
cident ma\- be related. A year or so ago Mr. 
Johnston was on his way to England to make 
arrangements with cutlery works there for the 
introduction of his machines. On the steamer 
he made the acquaintance of an Englishman, 
who made .some inquiries as to the object of his 
visit to England. Mr. Johnston rq)lied : "I 
am going there to show them how to make 
cutlery." The Englishman replied: "Why do 
you mean to say that they don't know how to 
make cutlery in Sheffield?" "Xo," said Mr. 
Johnston, "I don't mean that, but I am going 
over to show them a l)etter antl cheaper way 
to make cutlery, and I am sure they will lake 
hold of my i)roposition." The result proved 
to be as the latter said; die English factories 
w'ere glad to take hold of the American in- 
ventor's [)atents, and are well pleased with tlieir 

Mr. Johnston was married, in 1872, to 
Elizabeth Wiley, a daughter of Dr. Wiley, of 
Oskaloosa, Iowa, and they ha\e three chil- 
dren: Stella M., wife of F. W. Sharp, of 
Ottumwa: Roy W., who was educated in the 
Ottumwa public and high schools and the Chi- 
cago Manuel Training Schocil. and is now a 
member of the Johnston & Sharp Manufactur- 
ing Company; and Alice M.. who is attending 
school. Mr. Johnston is a Rciniblican in ])oI- 

tics. He is a trustee of the First Presbyteriaji 
church of Ottumwa, contributes liberally to its 
supix)rt and lends his good counsed to all its 
undertakings. He is also liberal in liestowing 
charities and in the furtherance of enterprises 
tending toward the l>eneht of the city. He 
does not pretend to be a lousiness man, as that 
term is applied to the promoters of great enter- 
prises. His forte is invention, and in this 
sphere he is a genius, who, contrary to tlie 
usual experience of inventors, has also secured 
a competency. He has taken out alx)Ut 100 
patents and has now a number pending in the 
patent office. His life is an example of honest 
industry and application of the talents given 
him. and the success which has come to him 
should prove an incentive to every young man 
or boy who is born with the same opjKjrtunities. 

L. 1\.\.\I)1^L. who for many years 
was a prominent farmer of Center 
township. Wapello county, Iowa, is 
now living a retired life in the city 
of Ottumwa. He was Ixtrn in Greensburg, 
Decatur county. Indiana, in 1836, and is a son 
of Benjamin Randel. 1 

Benjamin Randel was of Scotch descent 
and was Ijorii in Virginia. He followed the 
trade of a ix>tter until 1846, after which he 
engaged in agricultural pursuits. He came to 
Wapello county with his son, E. L., and died 
here in August, 1888. at the age of seventy-six 
years. Politically he was active during his 
earlier life, and served officially as associate 
probate judge in Indiana. He was a Whig and 



a Repulilican. He was married in Indiana to 
Miranda Lathrop, who was born in Canada in 
1811, just across tiie Vermont line. While 
she was a babe in arms her father moved to 
Vermont, and served as a soldier in the War 
of 1812. During- a battle in which her father 
was engaged her mother held her in her arms 
and watched the smoke i)f the ':iinflict. ]Mrs. 
Randcl died in 1891. 'I'liis uni(in resulted in 
10 children, five of whom are now living, as 
follows: J. M. Randel, a retired farmer, of 
Mississippi: j. X., who lives in Ottumwa: 
Margaret J. (Logan), of Ottumwa-; Almira 
(Spilman), of Ottumwa; and E. L. 

E. L. Randel was reared to manhood in 
Indiana, and, as a boy, assisted his father some- 
what in the [xxtter's trade, but has made farm- 
ing his successful life work. He located in 
Wapello county, li>wa, in 1865, purchased a 
farm near Agency, of the claimant, William 
Ruckman, who removed to Washington, and 
there died. He improved this farm, resided 
upon it until 1871 and then exchanged k for 
240 acres of land three miles north of Ot- 
tumwa, to which he added largely, and which 
he still owns. lie resided on the farm until 
1893, since which time he has been practically 
retired, although he still looks after his farm- 
ii;g mterests. He resided six years in South Ot- 
tumwa, and then a year on Park avenue, but 
at the present time he lives with a widowed 
sister on Chester avenue, South Ottumwa. 
He is engaged in gaieral farming and stock- 
raising, and keeps only the \ery best grade of 
stfjck. He kept pure Shorthorns and Poland- 
China and Berkshire hogs for about twentv- 

tive years. He introduced the McGee, or I'ol- 
and-China, hogs in this county, having l)rought 
some from- Greensburg. Indiana. In the carl\' 
"seventies" he brought two carloads of stock 
from Indiana, which he took pains to keep 
pure and registered. .\t times he shi])ped very 
extensively, and also su]ipliedmany of the 
farmers with good stock. He lieKl many ])ub- 
lic sales here and also in Western Iowa and 
Nebraska. He always took great pride in 
building, and otherwise improving his farm, 
and adopted scientific anil business-like prin- 
ciples in his work. He raised some wheat at 
an early day, but decided there was more 
money in stock-raising, and corn, clover and 
hay became his staple crops. He leases his 
farm now, i)artl_\' for cash and partlv for grain 
rent, — keeping a close supervision of it. He 
has met with success in his work, and has made 
many friends throughout the county. 

Mr. Raiulcl was united in marriage, in In- 
diana, to Rachel Draper, who was Ijorn in Indi- 
ana, in 1842, and died in 1889. They had 
five children : Ella, a trained nurse, of Des 
Moines, Iowa; Luna E. (Stc\ens), of Ot- 
tumwa: Minnie (Bare), of Des Ikloines; Mat- 
tie (Simmons), of Fernandina. Florida ; and 
Benjamin D., who is located on one of his 
father's farms. The subject of this sketch is 
a Republican in politics, l)ut ne\er sought 
office. Owing to the fact that a Republican 
had never before been elected it Agency, he 
consented to run for supervisor on that ticket, 
and was elected, serving in 1866 and 1867. 
He is a Mason. Religiousl)' he has always 
been a faithful Methodist. 




iLLIAM SHUMAKEK. who is now 
living a retired life, was for many 
years a ])roniincnt farmer of Pleas- 
ant ti>wnshi[). Wapello county, 
]i)wa: he now lives on section 11. in Agency 
township. He has heen a very prosperous man, 
and at the present time owns 204 acres of land 
in the county. He was horn in Pennsylvania 
in 1827, and is a son of Joseph Shumaker. 

Joseph Shumaker was born in Pennsylvania 
and was a chairniaker by occu])ation. Me mar- 
ried Elizabeth Riley, who was born in Pennsyl- 
vania, and of the three children born to them, 
A\'illiani is the only one now living. 

William Shumaker resided in his native 
state until 1850, and during his youth was a 
shoemaker. He came to Wapello county, Iowa, 
in the fall (jf 1850, and lived in Ottumwa until 
Jvlarch, 1851, when he returned to Pennsyl- 
vania; in the fall of that year he went to Cali- 
fornia. Tiiere he was engaged in mining for 
four years, at the end of which time he re- 
turned, in 1856, to Wapello county, Iowa, and 
has since made his home here. In 1850 he 
b(jught a farm of 160 acres in Pleasant town- 
ship, on which he lived until 1861, when he 
rented the land and Incated im a farm near 
•Agency City, .\gency township. lie resided 
upon that farm until 1891, and then located 
on his present farm in section 11. He was a 
carpenter by trade, and also followed general 
farming, but at the ])resent time is living a re- 
tired life. 

Mr. Shumaker was united in marriage with 
Mrs. Sarah (Barnard) Morley, who was born 
in Greene county, Illinois, in 1840, and is a 


daughter of John Barnard. The latter was 
born in Tennessee, and was a blacksmith by 
trade. He married Mary Creighton, who was 
born in South Carolina, and they reared 13 
children, two of whom are now living, — Sarah 
and Edward. By her marriage with George 
Morley Mr. Shumaker's wife had one child, 
Kate O., who married Martin S. Bush. Mrs. 
Shumaker is a member of the M. E. church. 
In politics Mr. Sliumaker is a Democrat. Fra- 
ternally he is a Mason, belonging to Olive 
Branch Lodge, No. 21, of Agency City. A 
jjortrait of Mr. Shumaker accompanies this 

OIIN H. MORRELL, one of the promi- 
nent business men of Ottumwa, Iowa, 
is one of the two American directors 
of the packing establishment of John 
Morrell & Company, Limited, whose main 
offices are in Liverpool, England. 

Mr. Morrell was born in England in March, 
J 864, and is a son of the late George Morrell. 
lie was reared to young manhood in England, 
and has been identified with the firm of ](^n 
Morrell & Company. Limited, since 1878, hav- 
ing occupied various positions in England and 
the United States. He came to Aiuerica in 
1883. located at Chicago. Illinois, and in 1890 
came west to Ottumwa. Iowa. He is a man 
of e.xcellcnt business (|ualifications, and has 
served with credit in his present capacity. 

John H. Morrell was united in marriage, at 
Ottumwa. with Helen Edgerly. a daughter of 



tlic late j. \V. Edgerly, and tlicy have one son, 
George Alfred. I lis home is on Market street, 
Ottumwa, and he attends the l-'irst Methodist 
Episcopal chnrch. 

. )IL\ E. IlL'i.L. a life-long- resident of 
Wapello county, Iowa, is a prominent 
real estate dealer and insurance agent 
in tlie city of Ottumwa. lie was born 
June 9, 1865, and is a son ni Wesley and 
I\lary C. (Apperson) Hull. 

Weslcv Hull was horn in Culpepcr county, 
A'irginia, in 1824, and at the age of eleven 
years began to learn the milling business, — his 
lather being engaged in that line of work. He 
was a miller throughout his active business 
career; lie operated a sawmill at Chillicothe 
and I'lakesburg, this county, and a grist-mill 
at the latter place. He was also engaged in 
the lumber for some years, and in 
1890 retired from business cares. In politics he 
was a strong Democrat. Mr. Hull was united 
in marriage with Mary C. .'vpperson, who was 
born in Culpeper county, \irginia. and died \r: 
Wapello ciiunty. Iowa, at the age of fifty years. 
This union was l)lessed with six children, as 
follows: George W. ; William W. ; Charles J.: 
John E. ; Mary ; and James .\. George W., who 
lived in lilakesburg for sixteen years and left 
that i)l;ice at the age of twenty-four years, is 
now clerk in a foundry at Denver. William W. 
became a physician, having been educated in 
Keokuk and Iowa City medical colleges. He 
practiced seventeen yeavs at Attica. Marion 

count)-, Iowa, and is now located at b'ulton, 
Missouri. Charles T. left Ottumwa at the age 
of seventeen years and has been located at 
various places since. John E. is tlie subject 
of 'this biography. Mary (Brooks) resides 
near Byer, Ohio. James A. is a physician, 
located at Keb. Wa])ello county, Iowa. 

John E. Hull was reared and schooled at 
Blakesburg. He entered the stock business at 
an early age, and made several trips west with 
cattle. While at Omaha on one of these trip."; 
he enlisted in the reg'ular army, and spent one 
year in the service. He then returned to \\a- 
pello county, engaged in school teaching near 
Blakesburg. and followed that and other occu- 
pations at the same time for about ine years. 
He worked at the lathing trade with Con- 
tractor Ed Birch for some time, and was ap- 
pointed to the police force of Ottumwa, on 
which he served during- 1891 and 1892, In 
the latter year he entered the real estate and 
insurance business, which he has since follow-ed 
with great success. For six years his office 
was located in the Beaver Block, and at the 
present time is in the Sampson Building, 
owned by \\'. W. Cummings. He has had 
much success in this business, and recently 
erected some fine houses in Dain's Addition, 
South Ottumwa. He has worked his way to 
the front by perseverance and industry, and is 
a self-made man in every sense of the term. 

John E. Hull was married at Blakesburg 
to Tena Smithburg, who was born in JefTer- 
soii county, Iowa, of Swedish parents, both of 
whom died before her marriage. Three chil- 
dren were born to them, as follows: Ruth V., 



agetl twelve years; Jnhii W'., aged eleven 
years; and Mary Enieline, aged eight years. 
While a resident of Adams township Mr. Hull 
served as assessor at Blakcsbnrg. He was a 
candidate for city auditor of Ottumwa, and 
from 1899 to 1901 served as alderman from 
the Seventh Ward. He declined a renomina- 
tion. Fraternally he is a memljer of the 
Knights of Pythias (of which he is master of 
finance); the Royal .\rcanum; I'ilgrinis; and 
I. O. O. F. He has served through all the 
chairs of the latter order, and has been trustee 
for the ]wst three years. He is also a member 
of the I'niform Rank, K. of P., and was cap- 
lain in 1900. Mrs. 1 lull is a member of En- 
terprise Lodge, I3augliters of Rebekah. In 
religious \'iews they are Methodists. 

EONIDAS M. GODLEV. a gentle- 
man who bears an honorable record 
for service in the Union army during 
the Civil war, was for many years a 
trusted official of Wapello county, serving in 
various capacities. He was l)orn in West \'ir- 
ginia in 1836, and is a son of Malilon and 
Nancy (Newman) Godley. 

Malilon Godley came of an old X'irginia 
family, of English extraction. Several gener- 
ations hack two Godley brothers came fnun 
England, — one locating in \'irginia and the 
other in New England. JFahlon Godley had 
seven brothers and two sisters, who scattered, 
most of them going south, while he located in 
West Virginia. He learned the trade of a 

miller and followed it for some years in Vir- 
ginia. Later he learned the trade of a cabinet- 
maker, which he followed until his death, in 
1869. He was an active Democrat in politics, 
and served as justice of the peace and post- 
master at .Vshland, which was considered the 
best town in Wapello c(junty in the early days. 
While a resident of West Virginia he married 
Nanc>- Newman, who was born just across the 
line, in Pennsylvania, and is of Dutch descent. 
Eight children were born of this union, Leoni- 
das M. being the youngest. All were born in 
the East, and all but the eldest brother, who 
died in 1849, came west. 

Leonidas M. Godley first came to the State 
of Iowa with his |)arents in 1850, locating in 
Jefferson county, and in .April, 1854. he came 
to .Ashland, Wapello county. He engaged in 
farming for a number of years, and then fol- 
lowed the trade of a carpenter until the out- 
break of the Civil War. He spent some time 
in working at his trade in Kansas, and was a 
resident of Sedalia, Missouri, when the war 
began. He enlisted in the .^-th Reg., Missouri 
Vol. Inf.. br.t was sick in Sedalia at the tim<, 
of the siege of Lexington, .\fter his tli^e 
months' term of service had expired he re- 
turned to Wa])elIo county, Iowa, and upon 
recovering his health enlisted in Company E. 
22(1 Reg., Iowa Vol. Int. They rendezvoused 
at Iowa City, and thence went to spend their 
first winter in Missouri. They were S(X)n or- 
dered to Port Gibson. Mississippi, and took 
part in the engagement at that place. Mr. 
Godley also participated in the battles at Cham- 
pion Hills and Black River Bridge, and was 



at the siege of Vicksburg. It was during the 
first assault upon the works tliat he was struck 
by a ball between the knee and ankle. The 
wound l)eing very painful, he lay tlown between 
the firing lines of the contending armies. 
Finding his limb was bleeding profusely, he 
arose, and, while trying to tie his handkerchief 
around the member, was shot in the right 
breast, the ball coming out at the shoulder 
blade, lie was later sliot thnjugh the knee 
of ihc same limb. The general charge had 
terminated, and he sat up and became a target 
for the enemy. Being forced to resume his 
recumbent position, he lay between the two 
lines for three hours, and was finally assisted 
to a shady spot under a tree, where he lay from, 
forenoon until midnight, with 20 others who 
were disabled. At his own request he was car- 
ried inside the Confederate lines to the Texas 
Legion, and was next morning l()oked after by 
the surgeon, lie was carried out and laid in 
a hole beside the railroad bridge, upon some 
branches and leaves, which ser\'ed as an op- 
erating table. He displayed great courage 
and fortitude during the operation of ampu- 
tating his limb, and refused the aid of any 
anesthetic. Two .strong men were chosen to 
hold him still, lint he dispensed with these, and 
calmly watched the removal of his left liml) 
near the hip. .\fler the operation he rode in 
a lumber wagon with a Confederate soldier, 
and was taken to an imjjrovised hospital. En 
route they encountered L'nion sharpshooters, 
\vho fired upon them. ?^lr. Codley implored 
the driver, who had ])ut the horses to their 
fastest speed, to go slower, but he would not, 

so Mr. Godley crawled to a corner of the wagon 
box and managed to hold his limb in such 
a manner as to prevent bleeding to death. 

The building in which they were finally located 
was shelled by the Union trtH)ps and all were 
forced to vacate. 'Slv. Godley, being the only 
Union soldier there, was parole<l and reached 
the Union lines. He was placed on a marine 
hospital boat and taken to ^Memphis, where he 
arrived July 3, 1863. July 6, 1863, he started 
for St. Louis, where he was placed in Lawson 
Hospital, and remained there until September 
4, 1863. when he was discharged. His wife 
joined him and cared for him until the\' re- 
turned to their home at Ashlanil, Iowa, on 
September 7. His service in the army was 
one of heroism, and for meritorious conduct, 
JduTing the assault on \'icksbiirg. Congress 
\'oted him ;i medal of honor. He has many 
relics of the war, which form a most interest- 
ing collection. His limb healed in four weeks, 
and he gets around well with a crutch and a 
cane. Losing a leg in fighting for so great 
and just a cause is not a matter of regret to 
one of his p;itriotism. He receives a just pen- 
sion from the United States government. 

In 1864 he was elected clerk of the court of 
^Vapello count)', and held that office for four- 
teen years ( sex'cn successi\-e terms'), the long- 
est period of an\- incumbent. He was later 
appointed a revenue collector in the govern- 
ment's employ, and was engaged in examining 
distilleries, but resigned, and was then ap- 
])o;nted de])uty revenue collector under ]\Ir. 
Burnett, of Burlington, succeeding Charles 
Brown. After holding that office nearly three 




years lie became dei)uty postmaster at Ot- 
tumwa, iiiuler Postmaster Tiltoii. He re- 
signed one year later, and has not been active 
in business since. 

-\Ir. ("lodlcy was united in marriage in 1859 
witli Julia Walker, who was horn in Ken- 
tucky and reared in Missouri; slie is now 
lilty-four years of age. Tliey l)ecame parents 
of 10 children, five of whom died in infancy. 
Those who grew up are as follows: William 
L., wlio died in 1888. at the age of twenty-one 
years; Terasita ; Martha; Charles P., who is 
at Imnic and in the employ of John Morrell 
& Coni]);my, Piniitcd ; and llarrw a stenog- 
rapher, residing in Chicago. Mr. Godley was 
reared a Democrat, and continued so until tlie 
Charleston con\ention, since whicli time he has 
been a strong Republican. lie is a member 
of Cloutman Post, Xo. 69, G. A. R. In re- 
ligious views he is a Methodist. 


OIIX V. ANDERSON, one of the best 
known tailors of Ottumwa, \vhose por- 
trait is presented on the opposite page, 
has been located in the city since Felj- 
IIc was born in Sweden in 
1844. .-uul is a son of Andrew Anderson. 

Andrew Anderson always lived in Sweden 
and followed farming until liis death in tlie "fif- 
ties." His wife was born in 1821, and still 
resides on tlie old homestead in Sweden. P.oth 
Iiad cliildren by previous marriages ; JoJm P. 
was the youngest child born to them. 

John P. .\nderson was reared in Sweden 

and conhrmcil at the age of fifteen years, 
lie nnniediately after served an apprenticeshi|i 
to the trade <if a tailor, which lasted until he 
came to America in the sjjring of iHj^]. Ow- 
ing to years of hard night work by poor light, 
he had trouble with his eyes, and upon lo- 
cating at Joliet. Illinois, .soon after his arrival 
in this country, he engaged in out-door work. 
He came to Ottumwa, Iowa, in 1878, and was 
employed as a tailor by Mr. Swenson, until 
1883, when he embarked in the tailoring busi- 
ness for himself. For about eleven years he 
was located in the Peterson P>lock, and then 
he and Mr. Calhoun rented the Pallister Pudd- 
ing, where he conducted a tailoring .shop and 
Mr. Calhoun engaged in the manufacture of 
shirts. In 1897, Mr. Anderson formed a 
partnershi]) with Mr. Swenson, who had come 
to Ottumwa in 1877. and the partnership con- 
tinued until I'>bruary. 1901, when the latter 
purchased the interest of the former. Mr. 
Anderson remained with Mr. Swenson until 
August, 1901, when he again engaged in busi- 
ness for himself at Xo. 223 Main street, where 
he has a fine tailoring establishment and em- 
ploys eight hands 

John P. .Anderson was united in m.arriage 
in ()ttuni\\a. in 1879, to Hannah Gunnerson, 
then a resident of Princeton. Illinois, but a 
native of Sweden. Five children were Iwirn 
to them, as follows: Mabel, aged twenty 
years; Loraine, aged eighteen years; Carl, 
aged seventeen years, who is in the senior class 
in the high sch<x)l and will graduate in 1902; 
Annie, aged fifteen years, who is in the second 
year in the high schix)l ; and .\dolph. aged 

2 So 


eleven years ; wlio is also in school. In poli- 
tics, Mr. Anderson is a strong supporter of 
Democratic principles and candidates. Fra- 
ternally, he was made a Mason in 1878, and 
is a Knight Templar. He took his first degrees 
luuler ]\1 aster Charles Sax, and was knighted 
in Ottumwa in 1882. Religiously, he is a 
meniher of the JCpiscopal clunxli. 

IIARLES E. BOUDE, who has heen 
located in Ottvnnwa, \\"apello county, 
lt)\va, since 1866. is extensively en- 
gaged in the insurance and li;an busi- 
ness, — representing some of the best com- 
panies in this country. 

Mr. Boude was born in Oxford, Butler 
comitv. Ohio, and was one of six children born 
to his i)arents, Thomas and Mai'tha B. 
(Shari)e) Boude. One of these, Mary A., 
makes her home w'Ah him in Ottumwa. A 
1)r(jthor. .\ustin !•".. died in Illinois, in 1898. An- 
other hnilher. Dr. j. K. iioude, of Washington, 
D. C, who had been one of the medical exam- 
iners in the pension department for the past 
twenty years, died in September, 1901. One 
sister anrl one brother died in early life. 

Charles V.. Pjoude came from Ohio west 
to Blinois at an early day, and there took an 
academic course of study. Upon coming to 
Ottumwa, he obtained work on the Des Moines 
Valley Railway, and was in station ser\-ice 
twenty-five years. ] Ic began as clerk and was 
later freight and passenger agent, at one time 
serving under Mr. Armstrong, of Ottumwa. 
He continued with the Chicago, Rock Island 

& Pacilic Railway until 1891, and then ac- 
cepted a position as cashier of the Ottumwa 
National Bank. In 1896 he ga\e up that po- 
sition and was then inactive for nearly a year, 
after which he entered the insurance and loan 
business, buying out an agent located in Ot- 
tumwa. He represents a large number of the 
old-line fire, life and accident insurance com- 
panies. He has a line office in the Floffman 
Block, and does a large business, employing a 
stenographer. In making loans he handles 
mainly local money. He also has other busi- 
ness interests, holding stock in the Ottumwa 
National Bank, the Western Supply Company 
and the Philliiis Fuel Company. In politics he 
is a Republican. 

Mr. Boude was united in marriage at Ot- 
tumwa with Hilary M. Sharp, a daughter of 
W. P. Sharp, who resided at Ottumwa many 
years and has traveled extensively. They have 
two daughters: Lois M., wife of ^l. J. Mc- 
Clellan : and i'essie S., who resides at home. 
Religiously Mr. Boude is a member of the 
Presbyterian cluux-h, being an elder and clerk 
of the sessions. 


KNKC,\ CORNELL, a well-known 
resident of Ottumwa, Iowa, is a prom- 
inent attorney-at-law, and during his 
jiractice here has been identified with 
many important cases. He was born March 
12, 1858, in JeiYerson county, Iowa, and is a 
son of Washington and Sarah (Wilson) Cor- 



Washington Cornell was l)orn in Ohio, in 
181S, and canif to Iowa in iS4'j. I lis father 
was from Canada and located in Ohio at an 
early day. The latter was a Republican and 
Abolitionist and assisted in the famous under- 
ground railwax'. Washington Cornell mar- 
ried Sarah Wilson, who was Imrn in 1823, and 
they became the parents of the following chil- 
dren : George W. : Laura (Wireman); Sen- 
eca, the subject of tiiis sketch; Oscar, a farmer 
in Kansas: Sylvanus, a merchant of Fairfield, 
Iowa: AKah. who conducts a restaurant at 
I'airfield: and Chloe (Miller), whose husband 
is a farmer. 

Seneca Cornell was reared and educated in 
Jefferson county, Iowa, and at an earl\- date 
decided to enter the legal profession. He read 
law with Senator James F. Wilson at Fairfield, 
Iowa, and was admitted to the bar in 1882, at. 
the age of twenty- four years. He then went 
to Eldon and formed a partnership with T. II. 
Ashy, of Jefferson county, with whom he 
practiced for three years, after which he ])rac- 
ticed alone until 1890. He served two terms 
as mayor of Eldon, and in 1886 owned and 
edited the Pes Moines I'allcy Journal, which 
he sold one year later. During 1890 he was 
in partnership with L. E. Coad, now a min- 
ister, and on January i. 1891, located in Ot- 
tunnva, where he has since been engaged in 
general practice. 1 le has attained prestige as 
one of the leading lawyers of the city, and has 
been associated in the trial of cases with some 
of the most eminent attorneys. 

Mr. Cornell was joined in marriage with 
Ella Caster, a daughter of Dr. Paul Caster, 

deceased, a noted faith healer of Otlumwa. 
Dr. Caster built the Caster House in Ottumwa. 
.Mrs. Cornell has a sister and brother living: 
(J. W. Caster and Mrs. Nettie Binks. She 
also has the following half-brothers: S. P. 
Caster, wIk) is in the restaurant business: John 
Caster, who conducts a store in tiie West End, 
Ottumwa: and Dr. J. S. Caster, of Burlington, 
who successfully follows the healing methods 
emjjloyed by his father. Mr. and Mrs. Cor- 
nell are pru^ents of one child, Rolla \\".. who 
was born .-\ugust 31, 1889, and is now attend- 
ing school. Mr. Cornell owns a comfortable 
home in Ottumwa, and has liis ofiices in the 
Sinnmers Block. He has made a specialty of 
jjrobate and real estate law, and is having a 
very large patronage along these lines. In 
politics he is a Democrat. Fraternally he is 
a member of the I. O. O. F. : A. O. U. W. ; 
B. P. O. K. and auxiliaries : and Canton Ot- 
tumwa, Xo. 5. P. M.. of which he is cajjtain. 
He is also a colonel on General Manchester's 
staff and judge advocate in the L'nif<jrni Rank. 
K. of P. Religiously he is a Presbyterian, and 
was educated at a Presbyterian institution — 
r.Tsons College, — of Fairfield, Iowa. 

lirm. which conducts the largest dry 
goods establishment in the city of Ot- 
tumwa, was f(nmded by Sarlie C. 
Cnllen, now Mrs. E. P. Barton, in February, 
1890. Prior to that time Miss Cullen was for 
several years in charge of the dry giKxIs store 



of Lsrael Brothers, wlio then occupied one 
room of llie present large, clouhlc building of 
the company. It was made a double store in 
1892, and in 1893 Miss CuHen purchased the 
interest of her partner, H. A. Warner. The 
firm name lias continued unchanged since 
1890, and Miss Cullen remained in charge un- 
til 1899. when she was married to Mr. Ijarton, 
who now also owns an interest in it, and is 
the manager. Mr. Barton comes from an old 
Pennsylvania family. At an early age he en- 
tered the dry goods business in Philadcl])hia. 
and lor many years before coming to Ottumwa 
was connected with some of the leading whole- 
sale houses of Philadelphia — notably. Young, 
Smyth, Field & Company and Folwell 
Brothers & Company. Mr. Barton is thor- 
oughly versed in the dry goods liusiness. 
Thomas E. Cullen, a brother of the founder, 
has owned an interest in it, and has served as 
its advertising agent since Mr. Warner dis- 
posed of his interest, in 1893. 'i"he store is 
completely stocked witli everything in the line 
of dry goods, and is patronized bv the leading 
citizens of the city and vicinity. 

Sadie C. Cullen was born in Ottumwa, anc'. 
is a daughter of James and Sarah (O'Conner) 
Cullen. Her father was reared in Lynn, 
Massachusetts, and died in Ottumwa, in 1887. 
He was a contractor, and came t(j Ottumwa 
about 1850, having charge of the brick and 
stone work of many of the early buildings in 
the city. 1 lis widow now resides in Ottumwa, 
aged nearly seventy-two years. They were 
parents of 12 children, the older ones having 
been born in Lvnn, Massachusetts, and the re- 

mainder in Ottumwa. Five are n<nv living, as 
follow s : Thomas E. : I\Irs. E. P. Barton ; 
Frank, who is now a pri\ate in Company D, 
nth U. S. Infantry, in the Philippine Islands; 
Xellie, who is at home with her mother; and 
Mrs. Agnes Ouinlan, who moved from Ot- 
tumwa to Lorain, Ohio, in 1S62. 

Thomas E. Cullen was reared and educated 
at Ottumwa, and pre\ious to 1893 was engaged 
in the insurance business with George A. 
Brown. He then entered the drv goods busi- 
ness, in which he has since continued. At the 
time of his death his father owned a fine farm 
and residence property at Ottumwa. 

t*g^ H. EMER^', a prominent attorney- 
g H I at-law, of Ottumwa. is now serving 
MmM in the capacity of county attorney ot 
\\'apello county. He has shown un- 
usual ability in the discharge of the duties of 
this office, and stands high among the member.i 
of the legal profession. He was born in Ful- 
ton county, Illinois, in 1837, and is a son of 
F. W. and Hannah (Gafney) Emery. 

F. W. Emery was born in Pennsylvania, 
mo\-ed to Ohio, and then to Fulton county, 
Illinois, locating in the last named district in 
1833. He died in Stark county, Illinois, irt 
18^6, and was survived by his wife, who died 
in Illinois, in 1890. They had four sons and 
j one daughter, namely: D. H. ; J. G.. a farmer 
residing in Illinois: ^^■illiam E., who was killed 
in the army at the battle of Stone River ; O. 
P., who died in Missouri in 1898; and Amanda 
(Pritchard), who died some years ago. 




1). H. Emery was tlirce nmntlis uld ulien 
liis ])arcnts removed to Stark county. Illinois, 
where he was reared, lie read law at the 
county-seat of that county and was admitted 
to the Iowa bar at Montezuma, Iowa, in Feb- 
ru.iry. iSAr. He began practice there, but in 
the following" August enlisted in the loth Reg., 
Iowa Vol. Inf. lie was chosen first lieuten- 
ant of his company, and continued as such dur- 
ing the three years of his service. He was at- 
tached to the 17th .Army Corps at Vicksburg 
under General McPiierson. and was later tr.ans- 
ferred to the 15th Army Corjjs. He was in 
the battle of Champion Hills and was wounded 
at the battle of Mission Ridge, receiving a bul- 
let in the thigh, which came near inflicting a 
fatal wound, as it barelv missed the main ar- 
tery. In Xovember, 1863. he was sent home 
and spent three months in recruiting soldiers, 
after which lie returned to his regiment and 
served in Alabama and Georgia, lieing mus- 
tered out September 28. i8r)4. He retm-ned 
to Montezuma. Iowa, and practiced law there 
until 1870. in the meantime serving a term 
in tlie State legislature. He liad been associ- 
ated with Judge \\'. R. Lewis and Ca])t. ^\^ H. 
Redman in i)ractice at Montezuma, but after 
coming to Ottumwa. in 1870. he has practiced 
alone, with the exception of a short time when 
he was in partnership with his son. He en- 
gaged in a general practice, and has secured a 
large and well-paying clientage. He was 
elected to succeed A. W. Enoch as county at- 
torney of \\'ai)eIlo county, and is faithfully 
discharging the duties of that office at the pres- 
ent time. 

Mr. ICmer)- was married while residing aV 
Montezuma, to Sarah C. Holland, who was 
born in Iowa, rmd is fifty-four years of age. 
She is a daughter of Rev. Mr. Holland. Thi? 
union resulted in the birth of seven children, 
as follows: Roscoe, who received a legal 
training, but is now engaged in the fruit busi- 
ness w itli the firm of Iv 1 1. I-'mery & Company ; 
\\"ilbur. who is attendng McKendrick College, 
at Lebanon, Illinois, and preparing for educa- 
tional work: Edwin H., pro])rietor of a whole- 
s;ile fruit establishment : Herbert, who travel;; 
for the fruit house of I'". II. Emery & Company: 
Alice E. (Throne), whose husband is a grocei' 
in the West End. Ottumwa; Irving G., who 
h.olds a good position in the office of the W^est- 
crn Electric Company, of Chicago: ,'uid Clara 
E.. who graduated from the Ottumwa High 
School in 1900, and is employed in a book 
store in Ottumwa. Mrs. Emery is a lady of 
prominence in the community, and is president 
of the Hospital Association of Ottumwa. Mr. 
lunerv is a member of the Grand .Army of the 

IlKISTOPHER H.WV. This gentle- 
man, whose portrait is shown on the 
opposite page, is a mcml)er of the 
firm of George Haw & Com- 
pany, dealers in wholesale and retail hard- 
ware, at Ottumwa, Wapello county, Iowa. 
Mr. Haw was lx>rn in Grant county, Wiscon- 
sin, in 1848. He received his primary educa- 
tion in De Kalb county, Illinois, and in 1868 
came to Ottumwa, where he attended the high 



school. After leaving scliool he clerked for 
a short lime with Henry & Haw, and spent 
1869 and 1870 in Kansas City, Missouri. In 
1871 lie became a member of the firm of George 
Haw & Com])any and lias been in that concern 
ever since. This firm has a large hardware 
trade, Ixilli wlmk-sale and retail. The members 
(jf the firm are among the best business men 
in the city of Ottumwa. A large and com- 
l)lcte slock of hardware is carried, and the 
.store is one of the lincst in die state. Air. 
Haw is a man of good business abilit}-; he is 
one of the representative citizens of Ottum- 
wa, takes a deep interest in all public enter- 
prises, and lends his assistance whenever it is 

.Mr. 1 l;uv was married, in 1875, to Clara E. 
jjowen, a tlaughter of George W. Bowen, of 
Ottumwa. To them have been born the fol- 
lowing children, naniel\- : Edwin A., Alabel 
Jay, l''rancis li., and .\rtliur 1!. 

Mr. ll;uv is a member of the Alodcrn 
Wootlmen of America. Religiously he is a 
member of the Methodist Episcopal churcli. 
In politics he is a Republican. 


gressive citizen of Ottumwa, occu- 
pies the iiosition of local freight 
agent of tlie Chicago. Burlington 
& Ouincy Railroad Comjjany. and is discharg-. 
ing the duties of his ofiice in a most satisfactory 
manner. He was born in Pike county, Penn- 
.sylvania, .August 10, 1830, and is a son of Will- 
iam and Mary (Pellett) Armstrong. 

The grandfather of \Mlliam B. held a ma- 
jors commission in tiie Revolutionary \\ ar. 
and enjoyed the acciuaintance and confidence 
of General Washington. He was a man of 
great force of character and fine abilities, and 
represented his district in the State legislature. 
He was afterward ])ruffered a judgshi]), which 
he declined to accept. He was a remarkable 
man in many respects, and in all his dealings 
with his fellow men adhered to the principle.^; 
of honor and honestv. 

William Armstrong followed fanning dur- 
ing early life and afterward engaged e.xten- 
sively in milling. He married Alary Pellett, 
and they reared a family of eight children, of 
whom l)ut three are living: Obadiah P.. of 
Xew Jersey : William B. : and John B.. a farm- 
er in Susse.K county. New Jersey. They were 
Scotch Presbyterians in religious belief, and 
their children were carefully trained to high 
morality and integrity. 

William B. .\rnistrong received a liberal 
education, and in 1851, determining to see 
something of the western country, started from 
home and located first at St. Louis. Alis.souri, 
where he was employed as clerk in a commis- 
sion heuse. The following \-ear be went to 
-Athens, Alissouri, wliere he was employed as 
a clerk and later was engaged in business on 
his own account until he entered the railroad 
luisiness, liaxing been appointed the first local 
agent of the Keokuk, Fort Des Afoines &: Alin- 
nesota Railroad. He was thus employed for 
eleven years, and in iSf)! came to Ottumwa, 
serving in the same capacity for the Des Aloines 
Vallev Railroad. He continued with this 



road until iSjj. and then resi.y;iic(l to accept 
tlie position of general agent of llic llurlington 
& Missouri River Railroad, wliicii was consoli- 
dated with tlie Chicago, Burlington & Qnincy 
Railroad in January, I^^73■ -Mr. .\rmstrong is 
u practical railroad man. and has had an experi- 
ence of over forty years in this line of work. 
From a small heginning the husiness of this 
company has extended imtil now there are 
seven miles of switch track at Ottumwa. and 
the success attained is in a large measure due 
to the fidelity and intelligence of its employes, 
of whom Mr. .\rnistr(jng ranks among the 
most faithful. In the spring of 1862 Mr. 
Armstrong, in company with his hrother, Capt. 
B. C. r. Arnislrnng, who died in the annv near 
the close of the war, recruited Company M, 
9th Reg., Iowa Vol. Cav., of which the latter 
was lieutenant and suljscquently cai)tain. 

William B. .Armstrong w^as united in mar- 
riage in 1838 with X'irginia Thome, of Athens. 
Mis.souri, who was horn in Kentucky, and is 
a daughter of Arthur and Eliza Thome, of 
Athens, iiissouri. Four children hlessed this 
union, of whom three are now living, namely: 
\\'illiam, who is in the grocery husiness; Mary, 
wife (jf John C. Eetzer, of Ottumwa, Iowa; 
and .\nna T., wife of H. A. Smith, of Ot- 

H. .\. Smith, son-in-law of Mr. .\rm- 
strong, is jiroprietor of the Courier Blank 
Book Company, located on Third street oppo- 
site the jjostoflfice. They carry a full line of 
bank and ounty stationery, and do a strictly 
"to order" business. They employ about 12 
people, and occupy two floors about 60 feet 

long. Their customers are located throughou. 
the State of Iowa, Southern .Minnesota and 
, Xorthern Missouri, and under Mr. Smith's 
' capable management the lousiness is steadily 
growing. It was started in 1881 by C. A. 
Smith and Alfred G. Cook, in the l-"inley 
Bl(jck, and furnished employment originally 
to three or four people. This partnership 
la.sted until 1888, after which C. .\. Smith and 
William Fiedler conducted the business for tw'O 
years. It was'then sold to .\. W. Lee and 
named the Courier Blank Book Company. In 
1894 it was again accjuired by C. A. Smith, 
who conducted it until February, 1900, when 
H. .\. Smith i)urchased it. The latter was 
born at Imlianapolis. Indiana, in 1S7J, and is a 
son of J. H. C. Smith, of Chicago, who for 
many years was engaged in the publishing 
business. Fraternally Mr. Smith is a member 
of the Benevolent and Protective Order of 
I-"lks: Knights Templar: and Knights of 

Fraternally William B. .Armstrong is a 
Mason, and has risen to the rank of Knight 
Templar, being a charter member of the com- 
mandery. In jxilitics he is a stanch Republi- 
can, and has held various local offices. #He 
has been a meml)er of the city council several 
terms, was treasurer of the city several years, 
and school director six years. Since first lo- 
cating here he has been identified w ith the busi- 
ness intere.sts of the city, giving his active sup- 
])ort to the cause of education and morality, 
and encouraged every worthy enterprise hav- 
ing for its object the welfare of his adopted 
city. He has always stood high in the confi- 



dence of tlie officers of the different roads on 
which he lias heen employed. Several years 
ago he was offered a promotion which would 
have taken him away from Ottumwa, but ho 
])referred to stav here, huld his old ])t)sitiiin, re- 
main a citizen of Ottumwa and identit\- hin;- 
self with its interests. This has been pleasinr 
to his old friends and neighbors, who honor 
and respect him for his many noble ciualities. 

ilALLACE R. of Ot- 
tumwa's most progressive business 
men, is cashier of the luwa Na- 
tional Bank, of ( )ttuniwa. He was 
born in Ottumwa in 1863 and is a son of Will- 
iam Daggett, now deceased, who was vice- 
president of the Iowa National Bank, of Ot- 
tumwa. and a prominent business man of the 

Wallace R. Daggett was reared and pri- 
marily educated in Ottumwa. taking a col- 
legiate course at Andover, Massachusetts, and 
a business course at Poughkeepsie, New York, 
lie lias always followed the banking business, 
and after leaving school was at several differ- 
ent places before locating here. He was cash- 
ier of a b.'uik at Englewood. Kansas, alx)ut 
three years, and then went to North Carolina 
and accepted the presidency of the First Na- 
tional Bank at Mount Airy, a position he filled 
until the spring of 1894. when he resigned. He 
sjient about a year looking uj) a ])l;ice to lo- 
cate, and ])asscd a portion of this time at 
Eureka Springs, Arkansas. In 1895. he ac- 

cepted the position of assistant cashier of the 
Iowa National Bank of Ottumwa, and w-as 
made cashier in the spring of 1900, an ofifice he 
has filled in a highly satisfactory manner. He 
is also president of the Iowa Steam L;iun(lrv 
Company, of Ottumwa. a flourishing concern, 
and secretary of the Janney ^Manufacturing 
Company of Ottumwa, one of the most exten- 
si\e and best equipped plants in the United 
States f(jr the manufacture of agricultural im- 

Mr. Daggett was joined in matrimony w'ith 
Male Beach, a daughter of J. H. Beach, secre- 
tary and treasurer of the Iowa Steam Laundry 
Company, located at 218 South Market street. 
Mr. and Mrs. Daggett have .two children, Gen- 
evieve and Ruth. Politically Mr. Daggett is a • 
Republican and has served in the capacity of 
alderman. He is a member of several fraternal 
insurance orders. In religious views he is an 
Episcopalian. He has a very comfortable home 
at No. 304 East Fifth street. 

,.\UDE M. MYERS, proprietor of 
a large wholesale and retail ice cream 
and confectionery store on Second 
street, Ottumwa, Iowa, is a descend- 
ant of one of the pioneer settlers of Wapello 
county. He was born in Agency township, 
Wajiello county, in 1865, and is a son of Chris- 
topher and Martha E. Myers. 

Christopher JNIyers was an early settler of 
] Iowa, where he located in 1845. He is now a 
! member of the Ottumwa police department. 




He Iiad tlircc cliildrcii, one of whom is de- 
ceased. Anutlier, Mrs. C H. Sage, lives in 

Claude M. Myers, the subject of this sketch, 
was reared at Agency, Iowa, where he re- 
mained until 1882. While tiicre lie assisted his 
father in the confectionery business, and in 
July, 1882, moved to Ottumwa, where he en- 
tered the same business as clerk for J. J. 
Bowles, on Main street, after which he had 
charge of his branch store on Second street. 
He remained with him for seven years. He 
afterward bought this gentleman's stock and 
continued business for himself at that stand. 
After several months he located on Second 
street, where he has since conducted his busi- 
ness. His store is centrally situated and has 
been enlarged to accommodate his constantly 
increasing business. It is now 100 feet deep 
by 20 feet wide. Mr. Myers makes a specialty 
of ice cream, having the leading trade of the 
city, and largely sujjplying this section of Iowa 
and northern Missouri. He has a general con- 
fectionery, cigar and fruit store, with the rear 
of the building fitted with modern improve- 
ments for the manufacture of ice cream. He 
employs four men in that dci)artment. and five 
clerks are kept Ijusy in the front part of the. 
building, attending to the throng of customers 
to be found |)atronizing the store, esi)ccially in 
the hot .season. The average daily output, dur- 
ing the ice cream season, is 175 gallons. Mr. 
Myers is a young business man, and by close 
application to business and careful manage- 
ment has attained a degree of success which 

many men of more mature years are still striv- 
ing for. 

Mr. .\l\ers is at present serving his second 
term as alderman of the third ward. He is a 
trustee of the local library board, of wiiich S. 
P. Hartman is secretary. Fraternally he is a 
Ma.son, and has advanced through intermediate- 
orders to the Shrine. He is also a member of 
the Royal .Arcanum, Elks and Pilgrims. In 
religious \iews he is liberal. 

i:()R(il-: WITIIALL. a gentleman 
w ho has worked extensively through- 
out this and foreign countries, is the 
leading contractor in brick and stone 
construction in ( )tlumwa, Iowa. He was born- 
at London, luigland, March 11, 1S38. 

Mr. W'idiall served an apprenticeship of 
seven years ( from the age of fourteen to twen- 
ty-one years) as a bricklayer, and soon after 
:his became general foreman for George Mun- 
dy, contractor and builder, lie came to this 
country, en route to San Francisco and Aus- 
tralia, but meeting with friends at Brooklyn 
he remained there for a time and engaged in 
working- at his trade. He first landed in *ew 
York in August. 1867, and worked at Brook- 
lyn. W'illiamsljurg and also in New England,, 
where he engaged in contract work. In 1869 
he was at Columbus, Ohio, where he i>ut in a 
j sewer on a sub-contract, and after its com- 
[ pletion went south to Chattan(X)ga. where he 
i built the Slocum Iron Works and several other 
, large structures. In the spring of 1873 he 



Iniilt tlie III in \\'(irks at Rising Fawn, Georgia, 
wliicli is a very large estahlisliment. In the 
fall of 1875 he went to Indianapolis, Indiana, 
where he remained one season at work on dif- 
ferent Iniildings. In February, 1876, lie re- 
turned to Entiiand and wnrk( d at different 
places in that country and Scotland, — building 
the St. Enoch's Square Depot. He next went 
to \\'rexhain. North \Vales, and worked mi the 
construction of barracks for four months, ha\'- 
ing a sub-contract. 1 Ic then went to Birming- 
ham, luigland, worked on several buildings, 
and became general foreman for Surman & 
Sons. He remained in that city about eight- 
een months, in all. during which time he built 
Asten"s button factory. In 1877 he and his 
family returned to America on the steamship 
"Indiana," the one on which General Grant 
made his trij) to England. He returned to In- 
dianapolis and was engaged there until 1879, 
when he came to Ottumwa, Iowa. He first 
located at River View, where he rented 40 
acres of land and manufactured brick for two 
years. His first Ottumwa contract was for 
John Morrell & Company, Limited; then he 
built the Wood l>lock, where he placed the first 
pressed brick front in the city. He purchased 
the Joseph Hayne place adjoining the packing 
house grounds ; it consisted of .25 acres, on 
which he manufactured bricks. He built the 
I'^irst National Bank, the St. Lcuis store build- 
ing, the Baptist and Presbyterian churches, the 
Reed House (now the Park IL)tel), and was 
superintendent and director of the Ottumwa 
Coal Palace. Together with Peter Ballingall, 
he superintended the taking down of the Coal 

Palace during 1890- 1 891. He built the Haw 
and \Vyman & Rand buildings, also T. D. 
Foster's residence. He has attained a higii de- 
gree of perfection in liis work, enjoys a prestige 
such as no other contractor in the county has, 
and secures the contracts for most of the heavy 
structures in the vicinity of Ottumwa. He is 
at present one of the trustees and also super- 
intendent of construction, of the Carnegie 
library building, located near t'le court house, 
for which liljrary building Andrew Carnegie 
donated $50,000. He also had the contract for 
the main sewer of Ottumwa. He owns two 
large houses on L'nion and Second streets and 
resides in the corner bouse. It is a fine u-room 
house, with a firei)lacc in each room, and the 
lower floor is laid with tile 12 inches square, 
over concrete. The heat is furnished by a hot 
water plant. It is supplied with electric light, 
and is modern in evcr_\- particular. 

At the age of twenty-one years Mr. Withall 
was united in marriage with Mary Davis, who 
was born in South Wales and reared in Bir- 
mingham, England. They are the parents of 
the following children : iClizabeth ]\Iary ( Mrs. 
H. A. Lewis), of Ottumwa, whose hu-sband is 
in the employ of the Globe Tea Conii)any. and 
who has four children. — Warren, who lives 
with I\Ir. Withal], Katie. ]^lary Elizabeth and 
Margaret; Eleanor (Mrs. Harvey Davis), of 
Keokuk, whose hu.sband represents the G. II. 
Hammond Packing Comjiany : and Catherine, 
who died three months after the family located 
at Ottumwa, aged seventeen years and three 
months, and who is buried at Ottumwa. Po- 
liticallv }klr. Withall has alwavs been a member 



of the Republican party. During tlie Crimean 
War Mr. Withall was on the Mecliterranean 
Sea (ill 1835 and ICS56), and participated in 
the struggle against Russia. Fraternally he is 
a .Mason of high standing, being high priest (if 
Chapter No. 9, R. .\. M : prelate of Ottumwa 
Conimaiidery, K. T., and a member of Daven- 
port Temple. A. A. U. N. M. S. Mrs. Withall 
is past worthy matron of the Chapter of the 
Order of the Eastern Star. Religiously l)oth 
are members of the Episcopal church, of which 
Mr. Withall is a \estryman. A portrait of the 
subject of this sketch appears on a foregoing 

T. H.\Rl'ER, Jr., president of 
the wholesale drug house of J. ^\^ 
Edgerly & Company, of Ottumwa, 
was burn in this cit\- in 1868, an(? 
is a son of W. T. and Jennie (Shaul) Harper. 
W. T. Harper, Sr., came from Muskingum 
county, Ohio, to Ottumwa in 1854. In i86r, 
(ir i8()2 he became a member of the lirm oT 
Taylor, lilake & Company, wholesale and re- 
tail dealers in drugs, on Main street, where 
the St. Louis Store now stands. In 1875, with 
William Daggett, he organized the firm of 
Daggett & Harper, and put in operation the 
linseed oil mill. That firm continued until 
January i. 1886, when his partner retired, and. 
J. W. Edgerly purchasing an interest, the firm 
became W. T. Harper & Company. The firm 
was incorporated in 1887 as the Ottumwa Lin- 
seed Oil Company, and soon after was bought 
out by the National Linseed Oil Company, on 

January i, 1888. Mr. Harper continued as 
manager of this company until January i, 1899, 
when he retired from active business. In 1888 
associated with Mr. Edgerly and C. F. Harlan, 
who (lied in May, 18(^3, he bought the whole- 
sale drug business of Blake, Bruce & Company, 
and the firm of J. W. Edgerly & Company re- 
sulted. Three additions have since been made 
to the building occupied by the C(jncern, and 
its present (piarters are 100 feet deep, with 
three fronts. They now do an exclusively 
wholesale business. Mr. Harper was a silent 
partner, and Mr. Edgerly acted as manager 
until his death, in 1894. In January, 1895!, 
the firm was incorporated, Mr. llarjier being 
elected president, which office he maintained 
until his death, in 1894. In January, 1895, 
si.xty-seven years. New officers were' then 
elected, with the subject hereof as president, 
and Dr. lulgcrly as secretary and treasurer. 
\V. T. Harper, Sr., was first married to Jennie 
Shaul, who died at Ottumwa, leaving two chil- 
dren : Mrs. Edward .\. Jones, now of Helena, 
Montana : and W. T., Jr. Mr. Harper formed 
a second marital union at Ottumwa, wedding 
Mary E. Knight, who resides in this Shy. 
They reared fcair children, as follows: Harry 
C, foreman for J. W. Edgerly & Company; 
Ralph S., who is in the employ of J. W. lulg- 
erly & Company; Charles K. ; and .Mary E. 
Mr. Harper had built a fine home at 1008 
.Vorth Court street. 

W. T. Harper, Jr., graduated from the 
schools of Ottumwa in 1884, and then attended 
the State Agricultural College at .\nics one 
year and the State University of Iowa at Iowa 



City for one year. In January, 1886, he be- 
came lxM)kkeepcr for liis father in the linseed 
oil mill and contiinied until February, 1890. 
lie then accepted a positit)n in tlie office of 
J. W. Edgerly & Company as h\\\ clerk, and 
one vear later represented the firm on tlie road 
f(jr a year. In June, 1892, lie became assist- 
ant to Air. liarlan, the buyer of the firm, and 
upon the decease of the latter became buyer, in 
May, 1893. On the death of J. W. Edgerly, 
in 1894. the management of the business de- 
volved upon A. S. Udell, Dr. E. T. Edgerly 
and \\'. T. Harper, Jr. Since the present firm 
lias existed there has been a wonderful increase 
in business, and six traveling representatives 
are employed, covering all the territory west 
of the Missouri River, Northern Missouri, and 
also the Iowa Central and Ruthven Branch of 
the Chicago, Rock Island & Pacific Railway. 
About 20 people are em])loycd in tlic building, 
in .-ulditinn U> two bookkeepers and a man m 
charge of the city department. 

Mr. Harper was united in marriage, in 
Denver, to Alice Beamen, a daughter of D. C. 
and L. A. Beamen, formerly residents of Ot- 
tunuva and of \'an liurcn county, Iowa. D. C. 
Beamen was a prominent attorney-at-law. 
Mrs. Harper was born in Van Buren county in 
1866. and remoxed with her parents to Ot- 
tumwa in 1883, and to Denver in 1888, where 
her father still resides, ])eing general attorne> 
of the Colorado Fuel and Iron Company. 
They have two children, Ruth and Dorothy. 
In politics Mr. Harper is a Republican. He 
resides at No. 1041 North Court street. Ot- 
lumwa, where he erected a comfortable home. 

::V. JOHN M. Mcelroy, the pioneer 
Presbyterian minister of Ottumwa, 
biwa. is a native of Ohio, and was 
born near Greenfield, January 21, 
1830. His jjarents, Ebenezer and Sarah Mc- 
Elroy, natives of Pennsylvania and of Scotch- 
Irish descent, located in Chillicothe, Ohio, in 
181 3. Two or three years later they removed 
to their new home in the timber, four miles 
from Greenfield, which proved to be their per- 
manent residence. Six of their 10 children 
lived to be heads of families, of whom John 'SI. 
was the youngest. 

During boyhood days John M. [McElroy at- 
tended a three-months' district school in the 
winter, and worked on the farm in the summer. 
At the age of fifteen years he entered the 
classical academy at South Salem, which he at- 
tended about four )ears. and in 1849 he entered 
the junior class at Jefferson College, Penn- 
sylvania, where he graduated in a class of 52 
members in the year 1851. The next two 
years he was a teacher in Dr. Donaldson's 
Academy at Elders Ridge. Pennsylvania, giv- 
ing some attention also to theological studies. 
The two years following were spent in the 
study of theology at Princeton, New Jersey. 
He was licensed by the presbytery of Chilli- 
cothe June T). 1855, and soon after came to 
Iowa, accepting an invitation to take charge 
of the recently organized church in Ottumwa. 
He was married September 11, 1855, at :\Iur- 
rysville. Pennsylvania, to Agnes Greer, who is 
still l)v his side. He was ordained by the Des 
Moines presbytery in the Congregational' 
church building in Ottumwa. which stood at 




tlie corner of Second and Court streets, De- 
cember 6. 1855. The infant duirch, of which 
he took charge, liad no liouse of worship and 
no Svmday-school. Tlie roll of menil)ers num- 
bered 2^, half of tiiem living eight miles away, 
and only four residing in town. Gradually a 
congregation was gathered and a small church 
building was erected and occujjied at what is 
now No. 308 East Fourth street. Services 
were held at various places throughout the 
county, in every village, in many school houses 
and also in jjrivate liouses, groves and barns. 
A good many hindrances were encountered, 
hard times. Hoods, crop failures, and at length, 
the Civil War. The pastor continued his work 
and in 1866 dedicated a good and commodious 
house of worship at Fourth and Green streets, 
now the Second Baptist cliurcii. Soon after he 
found himself broken in health and oppressed 
with failure of hearing, which led to his resig- 
nation in i8>G(). In 1870 he moved to Batavia, 
Iowa, where he was ])astor thirteen years, the 
churches of Kirksville and Libertyville sharing 
a i)art of his labors. The western migration 
fever, which prevailed all over the country, 
appeared in violent form at Batavia, and car- 
ried away three-fourths of his flock to various 
points in tlie West. This induced his resigna- 
tion and return to his old home and residence 
in Ottumwa. In 1885 he was invited to try 
the experiment of liolding services in the new 

no pastoral charge, — several attacks of ''la- 
grippe," together with total Itxss of hearing, 
making iiis retirement necessary. He has, 
however, frequent calls for ministerial service, 
and is always ready, so far as able, to respcjnd. 
Mr. McFlroy has had extensive experience 
in educational work. He was active in organiz- 
ing the earliest teachers' institute known in 
central Penn.sylvania. and also in the first in- 
stitute held in Wapello county. He was c(junty 
superintendent of schools in 1864-65, and made 
the first official visitation of the schools of the 
count)-. He was for five years principal of 
the Ottumwa Male and Female Seminary. He 
has been a fretpient contributor to the Icjcal 
press, and also to the religious press. He at- 
tended a reunion of his college class at W'ash- 
ington. Pennsylvania, in 1881. and read a class 
lii.story, whicii was afterward printed in Chica- 
go. On that occasion his alma mater conferred 
on him the honorary title of D. D. In 1899 he 
|)ublished a small volume entitled ".Xbby IJyram 
alid her Father, Indian Captives." a true .story 
of Revolutionary limes. On the first day of the 
twentieth century lie placed in the hands of the 
l)rinter the manuscript of a work entitled 
"Scotch-Irish Mcl-'lroys in .\merica." wTiicii 
will be issued shortly by the Fort Orange Press, 
.\lbanv. New York, and is a work of special in- 
terest to those bearing the McElroy name. 
Dr. McElrov has usuallv voted with the Ke- 

chapel which T. D. Foster had erected near the I publicans, but has never l)een a politician. His 
l)acking house for the Sunday-school. There friends are many and his enemies few. 

he met with much encouragement, organized a 
church of over 100 members and continued his 

Mrs. McFlr<\v is a descendant of John and 
Priscilla .\lden, and has been a faithful anrl 

work about six years. Since 1891 he has had efficient hel|)er to her husband, and an imi)ort- 




am I'actor in \vliau-\er ui' ymKl he lias accom- 
l)lislied. Tliey have l\)ur children, as follows: 
Addison H., who is married and has two chil- 
dren, William T. and Maude Agnes, who lives 
in Ottumwa. but is at present employed in Chi- 
cago: Abby. secretary of the Young Women's 
Christian Association at Nashville, Tennessee; 
M;av. secretary of the Harlem Young 
Women's Christian Association in New York 
City: and Jennie, wife of Dr. E. K. Beard, of 
Liberty, Indiana. 

W. GARNER is an extensive whole- 
sale dry-goods dealer of Ottimiwa. 
lie was born in Franklin. Warren 
county, Ohio, in 1846. and is a son of 
J. Wesley and .\nna M. (Hansel) Garner. 

I. Wesley Garner was born in Warren 
cnunly, Ohio, and became a member of the 
denial profession. In 1858 he moved with his 
family to Ottumwa. Iowa, and in 1859 located 
at .Mount Pleasant. Iowa, where he was living 
at the time of his death. He married Anna M. 
Hansel, and they reared three ■^o-is and four 

T. W. Garner has resided in Ottumwa since 
J 8:8: in that vear he began his business ca- 
reer by entering the employ of Thomas ])evin 
& Sons, wholesale dry-goods merchants, in the 
capacity of clerk. He remained widi them for 
nine vcars. In i8;)<) ihcir slock was partially 
destroyed by lire and the residue was purchased 
bv Mr. Garner, and formed tlu nucleus of his 
present business. He first began operations 
under the firm name of J. W. (iarner & Com- 

pany, but in 1 88 1 it was changed to Lawrence 
& Chambers, and in 1882 to Lawrence & Gar- 
ner ; the title then remained unchanged until 
1891, when it became J. W. Garner again. He 
started in a small way, supplying only a few 
merchants in Ottumwa and vicinity ; at present 
he employs four traveling salesmen and num- 
bers his customers by the hundreds. The whole- 
sale house is located at No. 108-116 Market 
street, and is iillcd with one of the finest and 
most complete lines of dry goods, notions, un- 
derwear and gentlemen's furnishings to be 
found anywhere. He is a liberal contril)utor to 
any and all enterprises which have for their 
object the advancement oi the interests of Ot- 
tumwa. He was one of the original stock- 
holders in the Ottumwa Savings IJank and has 
been a director for many years : he is treas- 
urer of the Grand Opera House Company, 
the Ottumwa Artesian Well Company and 
the Ottumwa Electric & Steam Power Com- 
pany, and is a member of the \\'apello Club. 
Air. Garner was united in marriage with 
Mary Y. Yarncll. of Westchester. Pennsyl- 
vania, and they ha\e six children, as follows: 
Laura H., Edna E. (Kerns), H. W.. C. L.. 
Blanche V.. and Mary F.. Religiously he and 
his family are members of the Episcopal 

AMES A CAMPBELL, wh.) has served 
in the capacity of state mine ins]iector 
since 1894. has been identified with the 
mining business ever since his child- 
hood, aiul has been located at Ottumwa. Iowa, 



since 1885. He was burn in Warren county, 
Illinois, July 4, 1865, and is a son of Ira G. 
and Dovey E. (Reynolds) Caniphell. 

Ira G. Campbell was born in l'enns\l\ania 
May I, 1826, and came west after his marriage, 
settling in Warren county, Illinois, where he 
remained until 1868. He then moved to Albia, 
Monroe county. Iowa, where he is residing at 
the ])resent time. He married l)n\cy K. l\c\- 
nolds, of Warren county, Illinois. She was | 
born there May 13, i8j6. They became par- 1 
ents of I I children, of whom four are now liv- 
ing, namely: Mary (Ewart). of Scammon, 
Kansas; Maggie J. (Mneor). of Foster. Iowa; 
James A. ; and William B., of Albia, Iowa. Ira 
G. Campbell is an active worker in the Presby- 
terian church, of which he is a member. He 
is a Republican in politics. He enlisted for 
service during the Civil War. August 17, 1861, 
in Company B, 83d Reg.. Illinois \'(j1. Inf.. and 
was in Ct)mpany F. i4Sth Reg., Illinois V'ol. 
Inf.. when discharged on September 3. 1865. 
James A. Campbell was but nine years of 
age when he entered the Cedar X'alley coal 
mines as trapper, and he has e\er since been 
engaged in the mining business, with the excep- 
tion of one year. He came \o Ottumwa in 
1885 and in 1894 received the appointment to 
tlie office of state mine inspector from Governor 
Jackson, — an office which he is eminently rpial- 
ified to fill. He was reappointed by (iovernor 
Drake in April, 1896, and in i8(;S and 1900, 
by Governor Shaw. He is a faithful, painstak- 
ing, careful and competent official, prompt aiid 
industrious in tiie performance of iiis duties, 
anil is recognized by all as a most excellent 

mine inspector. He is one of Ottumwa's most 
energetic and progressive citizens, a man of 
integrity and a pleasant, companionable gentle- 
man. He is deservedly popular with all who 
know him. and by his energy and ability has 
risen to a ])osition of high responsibilitv. 

Mr. Campbell was united in marriage on 
September 29, 1887, with Blanche E. Cald- 
well, of Ottumwa. a daughter of Paris Cald- 
well, a record of whose life appears elsewhere 
in this volume. This union resulted in three 
children : Paris (].. l.cRoy S. and I-"rank Jack- 
son. y[y. Cani])l)cll is a member of Lodge Xo. 
12. Uniform Rank. K. of P.; Lodge No. 230, 
I. O. O. F. ; Tribe No. 19. J. O. R. M. ; Wa- 
pello Court, Xo. 14, Foresters; and Hickory 
Camp, Xo. 31, Woodmen of the World. Re- 
ligiously he attends the Presbyterian church, of 
w hich he is a member. 

EXRY SCHMIDT, the efficient chief 
of the fire department in Ottumwa, 
Wapello county, Iowa, is the fourth 
c'.rild of Bernard Schmidt, and was 
born September 15. 1874, in Ottumwa. His 
m(;ther was Katrina Stuckleman Schmi<lt : 
after her death. Bernard Schmidt married 
Elizaljeth Dunncbrink. Bernard Schmidt is 
a well known brickmaker of Ottumwa. 

Henry Schmidt attended St. John's i)aroch- 
ial school, after which he entered the fire de- 
partment. hol(bn.g the position of pipeman. 
This was in 1899, and three months after en- 
icring the dci)artment he was ])romoted to 



tlic ijositinn of assistant cliiel, under Chief 
Richards. For his erficiencv and many other 
commendable qualities, the young man was ap- 
])ointed l)y the council as chief of the Ottumwa 
Fire Department, April 4, 1901. During his 
incumbency he has been active and diligent 
in his duties, and has made a record tliat stands 
»)ul prominently as worthy of the highest com- 
mendation. The first year he served in the 
department, there were 104 lires. the second 
year, loCi. and for the first three nnjnths since 
he has been at the head of the dei)artmcnt, he 
has battled with 49 tires, many of them disas- 
trous ones, lie is probably the voungest lire de- 
partment chief in the state, in a city as promi- 
nent as Ottumwa, ,'ind the authorities respon- 
sible for his appointment and the citizens gen- 
erally arc proud of him and die record he has 

Air. .Schmitlt is a member of the Catholic 
church. I'oliticallv. he is a DenuKrat. 

.\J. JOllX .STC.\RT WOOD came 
to Ottumwa in 1X48, in company 
with .Major Donelson, Major Mc- 
Alenoni)- and Charles Handserker, 
the latter lun'ing been for some time collector 
of tolls on the Wabash \- l'"rie Canal. These 
four traveled from Covington, Indiana, in a 
carriage of their own and stt>ppe<l in the hotel 
in Ottumwa then kept l>y James Hawley, Sr. ; 
they remained there a month and returned to 
Covington, but came back to Ottumwa in the 
fall of 185T. In the spring of 185J, John S. 

Wood and others, organized a party to go to 
California; they equipped with convenient 
wagons, well laden with provisions and drawn 
by oxen. Air. Wood remained in California 
until 1855. when he returned to Ottumw^a, and 
has since made the cit_\' his home. The family 
of Major Wood, however, has for several years 
lived on the ranch owned by Air. and Airs. 
Wood, situated near Livingston, Alontana, 
where the Alajor spends his recreation days. 

John S. Wood assisted in organizing the 
7th Reg., Iowa Vol. Cav., of which S. W. 
Summers was colonel and T. J. Potter, ser- 
geant major. Sul)SC(|uentI\'. Air. T'otter be- 
came adjutant of the regiment and when John 
S. Wood was promoted to be major of the regi- 
ment. Air. INitter succeeded to the place made 
vacant by Wood's promotion and became cap- 
tain of Company A. The "th Reg., Iowa Vol. 
Cav., rendezxoused at ( )ttr,mwa in the fall of 
i86j, and remained in camp which was on the 
river bottom, near where the starch mill was k)- 
cated, until February, 1863, and was at that 
time ordered to Camp Hendershott. at Da\en- 
port : he was in command of Camp I lendershott 
tor a time and was there mustered in as major 
and assigned to the command of the Third Bat- 
talion. He was in active service against the 
hostile Indians of the plains, in the meantime 
acting as commander of the pt)st of I'ort 
Kearney, in 1S63-1864, and until he assumed 
command of the post at b'ort Laramie, in June, 
1864, remaining there until mustered out in 
.\pril, 1865. He was mustered out because the 
number of men in his regiment had fallen below 
the minimum. 




All'. \\'i)(h1 has liccn a busy man all liis life; 
he was deputy sheriff nf Wajjclld county in 
1S3O: city marshal of Otluniwa in 1867-68-69, 
and frcini 1871 to 1874 was in the eniplny of 
the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Railroad, 
as adjusting agent. He was appointed agent 
of the iilackfeet and I'iegan Indians, with 
head<iuarters at Tctcin. im the Teton l\i\er. 60 
miles north of I'ort Sliaw. and served in that 
capacity from 1874 to 187'), when he re- 
signed, returning to (Jttuniwa. and again en- 
tered into the serxice of the Cliicago. Burling- 
ton & Ouincy Kailroad, acting as adjusting 
agent and diarged with many other important 
interests. The length of his service indicates 
that the great corporation appreciates him as a 
man and an officer. 

Major John Stuart Wood comes of gond 
stock, as the name Stuart indicates. He was 
an intrei)id officer during the Civil War. brave 
antl daring, and very efficient as a post com- 
mander. He appears now as in the best of 
health, and vigor, and very e'lcrgetic in his 


■» » » 

J. I'.ULLOCK, a prominent business 
man of Ottumw.a. Wapello county. 
Iowa, whose \)ortrait is shown here- 
with, is superintendent of the pack- 
ing establishment of John Morreil & Comirany. 
Limited. He was /ir.rn in Gloucester.shire, 
England, in 1856, anU is a son of John Bul- 

John Bullock camei .0 America when F. J. 
was young and first IjJ -ated in St. Louis, but 

later remo\-ed to Canada. Throughout his en- 
tire life he was engaged in the butcher business. 
He was killed by a train at Iowa avenue 
crossing, Ottumwa, in 1897, at die age of six- 
ty-four years. He was united in marriage with 
iM-ances James, who resides at London, On- 
tario. ;ind they had si.\ children, as follows: 
F. J., the subject of this biograjjliy : and Susan, 
h'rances. liella. l'"mma and .Mice, who reside 
in or near London, Ontario. 

I". J. Bull(;ck was reared in Canada and mar- 
ried there. He learned the trade of a butcher 
with his father, and in 1870 first became identi- 
fied with John Mnrrell i\; Com]);my, Limited, at 
Chicago. In 1877 he moved with that firm to 
Ottumwa, Iowa, where they loc''tpd their plant, 
and worked in the cutting ;md killing depart- 
ment. His next task- was as inspector of for- 
eign meats and he worked alscj in other de- 
partments, thus becoming an all-around man. 
He was subse(|uently i)laced in charge of the 
smoked meal (le])artment. and then made fore- 
man of the killing and cutting gang. He was 
next returned to his former position in charge 
of the smoked meat department, where he con- 
tinued until just before the fire in 1891. Jle 
then assumed the duties of foreman of the for- 
eign package dei)artment. having charge of all 
meat shipped and exported. He filled this re- 
sponsible position imtil Xoveml;er. i8(;9. when 
he succeeded Mr. Henneberry as sui)erintend- 
ent of the entire plant. He has charge of all 
foremen, employes and de|)artr.ients. with the 
exception of the main office, and the duties of 
his position are many and im])ortant. He is 
ably assisted by a good corps of foremen, who 


employ and manage tlieir own men. The larg- 
est force is employed in the killing and cutting 
departments, of which William O'Mallcy is 
foreman. The other departments and the men 
in charge as as follows: A. R. Brown, for- 
eign package department ; John Breaky. curing 
department : L. A. Darlington, chief engineer 
of machine and blacksmith shops; Ernest 
IManns, in charge of the lard r-finery ; Robert 
McDugle, of the smoke house; A. E. Osier, of 
the JL;!jbing and shipjiing department; James 
Trenmim, outside or roustabout foreman ; N. T. 
Sleight, of the coo])er department; William 
Jennings, of the carpentering department : 
Peter Johnson, car inspector an<l foreman of 
the repair gang, which keeps in order the i8o 
Morrell Refrigerator Line cars; ^like Moffitt, 
of the box shop ; Major Spillman. of the stock 
yards: Xevillc (ilcw, of the ])ickled meat de- 
partment ; Charles I'rceman, of the tierce gang; 
Charles Langdale, of the painting department; 
John Allctt, of the beef killing department ; and 
Fred 1 Idler, of the fertilizing department. It 
is one of the largest concerns n\ the kind in the 
country and ships meats to all parts of this 
country and also to foreign markets. Besides 
its own cars it uses manv belonging to the vari- 
ous railroad companies. 

Mr. liullock was united in marriage at Lon- 
don, Canada, to Mary Humphrey, who was 
bom there in 1857. They have six children: 
Charles. William, Frances, Fied. John ;uid 
Mary. They were :dl christened in the Epis- 
copal church, in which llitir i)arcnts were mar- 
ried. I\Ir. Bullock's family were Episcopalians, 
while his wife's familv were Pre.sbvterians. In 

politics he is an independent Republican. Fra- 
ternally he is a member of the Modern Wood- 
men of America. He has a very pleasantly 
located home in the first ward of Ottumwa. 

R. JAMES XOSLER, deceased, for 
many years a prominent physician 
and surgeon of Eddy\ille, Wapello 
county, Iowa, was born in West Vir- 
ginia, and reared in East Tennessee, where his 
early education was obtained. He later moxxd 
to Indiana, where he read medicine and, like 
man\- of the phvsicians of that early period, 
commenced the practice of his profession. 
After completing his medical reading, he be- 
came a very prominent man iv the profession 
and practiced in Putnam county. Indi.-um. until 
May, 1846. He then moved west, and located 
in Eddyville. with his family. He accjuired a 
large and lucrati\e practice in Monroe, Ma- 
haska and Wapello counties, and many of the 
citizens of Eddyville remember his kindly min- 
istrations. He was uni\crsall_\- liked for his 
excellent traits of character, and his death was 
sincerely mourned by his acquaintances and 
friends in the three counties in which he had 
spent so many years in practice. He was never 
known to refuse a patient, even when he knew 
full well he would receive no remuneration for 
his services. In the earl\ history of Eddyville, 
he was very enthusiastic in a mo\e to make the 
Des Moines Ri\cr naxi^ahlc. and was one of a 
committee formed to promote that scheme. 
The railroad at that t 'le had its terminal at 



Kcklyville, and all freight was carried ()\crland, 
as far west as Oinalia, as far north as 150 miles, 
and as far south. Me took a sji-cat interest in 
any niovenient likelx' In aiKance the prosperity 
of the community. 

Dr. Xosler was united in marriage, in In- 
diana, with Jemima Moore, a native of Ken- 
tucky. I'o this union the following children 
were liorn who lived u> maturity : Martha .\. ; 
Thomas M. ; Mary J.; Irene; Armilda C. ; and 
Sarah E. and Henry C, twins. .Ml are now 
li\ing but the first named. There were two 
children, not here named, who died in their in- 
fancy. In religious belief, they were Method- 
ists. Mrs. Xosler died, and the Doctor formed 
a second union, Sarah Xelscjn, who is also de- 
ceased, becoming his wife. Dr. Xosler was 
first a \\ hig, in politics, and later a stanch Re- 
publican. While living in Indiana, he served 
in the capacity of sheriff of Putnam county. 

Henry C. X\)sler, the youngest son of Dr. 
James X'osier, was born in 1843. ^"fl ^^'^s but 
three years of age when he was brought by his 
])arents to Wapello county, Iowa. He re- 
ceived his early educational training in the 
common schools, and was attending college at 
Mount Pleasant. Iowa, when the Civil War 
broke out. He left the room and en- 
listed in Company I, 7th Reg. Iowa \'n]. Inf., 
under Captain Irvin. 'i'lie regiment was as- 
signed to the First Brigade of Grant's army, 
and was engaged in the first battle fought by 
that general, at iielmont. Missouri, lie was 
di.scharged because of disability, in iXAj, but<l in Company F, i8th Reg., Iowa Vol. 
Inf.. serving as second lieutenant. He re- 

signed in Xovember, 1862, and returned to 
Wapello county, where he entered the employ 
of the United States E.xpress Company, as 
messenger on a stage route. He was trans- 
ferred to Illinois, where he remained for ten 
years, and then, in 1875, went into the ice 
business, which he carried on for a period of 
seven years. In i88j, he returned to the em- 
ploy of the United States I'l.Kpress Coiupany, 
as agent at Ottumwa. He joined the Masonic 
fraternity in 1873, becoming a member <>x Em- 
pire Lodge at Pekin, Illinois. He joined Ot-;. Lodge, Xo. 16, of the same order, and 
belongs to Malta Commandery No. 31. of Ot- 
tumwa. He is a member of the C. .A. R. Po- 
litically, he is affiliated with the Republican 

known educator of WajJcUo county, 
I<i\va, is the i)rinci])al of the High- 
land Center schools, an official posi- 
tion he ha-; maintained in a most creditable 
luanner since 1897. He was born in Jay coun- 
ty, Indiana, .\ugust i, 1870, and is a soi^of 
Augu.stus and Keziah W. ( Mills) Bnsworth. 
Augustus Bt)sworth was born in C.illia 
ci nntw (~)hio, in i8jo, and now li\cs nn his 
farm near I'ortland, Indiana. He married 
Keziah W. Mills, who was born in Warren 
county, Ohio, in 18J7, and was a daughter of 
Michael and Elizabeth Mills. They were 
ni.irricd in 1843, and to them were born 
nine children, as follows: Marcus, Laura and 
Ruth, deceased; Sarah; Eli; Homer; .Anthony; 



Cyrus, deceased : and Cliarles. Mrs. Bosworth 
died in iSgrS, at tlie age of seventy-one years, 
and she lies biu'ied in the ccmclcry at Sala- 
nionia, IncHana. 

Charles A. lioswdrth attended the Eastern 
Indiana Xornial .School two years, and taught 
school in Indiana for some time, lie came 
to W'apellcj ccninty, Iowa, in March, 1890. He 
com])lcted the Wapello County Teachers' 
normal course, and received his dii)loma, in 
1897. The lirst examination he took in Iowa 
was under Superintendent George I'hillips, at 
which he recei\-ed a first-class certificate, and 
has held a certificate of that grade since 
that lime, lie tonk a course in the ( )ttum\va 
business College, in 1893. and then accepted 
a position with John Morrell & Ctjmpany, 
Ltd., as assistant cashier and paymaster. He 
continued in that ca])acity for a year and a 
lialf and then, in the frdl of 1895, resigned 
to acce]3t the position of ])riuci])al of the Dalil- 
onega schools. In 1897, he was tendered the 
position of ])rincipal of the Highland Center 
schools, which he accepted. He has held this 
position ior foiu" years ;uid is now serving 
his fifth year, which closes in uj02. His wife 
is his able assistant in the Highland Center 
schools, having charge of the primary de])art- 
ment. She is a graduate of the normal depart- 
ment of the Ottumwa I'usiness College, hav- 
ing received her dijiloma in May. 1897. 

Of the eight children comprising the Bos- 
worth family who reached maturity, there is 
l)ut one who has not been a teacher, and rdl 
have been successful in their chosen vocation. 
Three of them have gone into the minislrv. 

viz: Homer, pastor of tlie Christian church 
at Salamonia, Indiana; Anthony, pasttir of 
the First Christian church at Montpelier, In- 
diana: and Cyrus, a minister of the Congrega- 
tional church, who. while finishing a course in 
college at .Mcrom, Indiana, l)ecame sick and 
died in June, 1894. .Marcus, the oldest brother, 
enlisted in the Civil war, in 1863, at Portland. 
Indiana, and was a member of Company B. 
I ith Reg., Ind. \'ol. Cav., in which he served 
until the close of hostilities. He s])ent the re- 
mainder of his life in school work, and, prior 
to his death, conducted a private school in one 
of Denver's suburbs. He died in 1895. 

Charles A. ISoswurth was united in mar- 
riage June 10. 1894, with Xancy E.' Reinier, 
a daughter of Thomas and Rhoda (Cobler) 
Reinier: they have one child, Thomas .\., aged 
four years. They are members of the High- 
land Center M. E. church. Mr. Uoswortii is 
a member of the ibidem Woodmen of .\mer- 
ica and is a charter memljer of Camp No. 
6,873. Highland Center. Mrs. Boswiirtb is a 
charter member of Cedar Camp. Xo. 2 2,2/, 
Royal Xeighbors of .\merica, and has been one 
of its officers since its organization. Politi- 
cally. Mr. Bosworth is a Republican. 

\MES R. GREEN. This gentleman 
has been prominently identified with 
the growth and development of Wa- 
pello county, Iowa. He was born in 

Wapello cotuity in 1855, and is a son of John 

and Eli/iribctb I Rollins) Green. 






Julin (ireen was horn in Kentucky in 1808, 
and came to Iowa in 1S51. He was a man of 
very large stature and attained the weight of 
286 ])ounds. He followed tiie occupation of 
a farmer most of his life, but in 1856 opened 
a hotel in Agency City, called the Quiet House, 
whicii he conducted for a period of ten years. 
In 1866 he sold his hotel and bought 176 acres 
■of land a mile and a quarter southeast of 
Agency City, where he lived until 1878. He 
then sold his farm, and located in Clyde, Kan- 
sas. He married Elizabeth Rollins, who was 
a native of Indiana. They reared the follow- 
ing children: James R., the subject of this 
sketch : Marion, who is engaged in the hotel 
business in Colorado: Addison, who conducts 
a shoe store in Kansas City, Missouri : Willie 
E.. who is engaged in the grocery business in 
Nebraska ; and Amanda L., deceased. 

James R. Green, the subject of this biog- 
raph\', lived in Kansas elexen months ancl 
then returned to Wapello county, where he 
Iwught bis present farm in Agaicy township, 
one mile south of Agency City. He now owns 
70 acres of land in section 2, where he carries 
on general farming and poultry raising. His 
farm is well managed and kept in a very good 
condition and he has a thorough knowledge of 
agricultural matters. Mr. Cjreen is always 
deeply interested in any movement which is for 
the gocKl of the community in which he lives. 

Mr. Green married Amanda Ridings, who 
was born in Schuyler county, Illinois, in 1S54. 
They have reared the following children, name- 
ly : Minnie, Mattie. Ida and Ray. who is an 
adopted son. Politically Mr. Green is a mem- 

ber of the Re]niblican party. He belongs to 
the Modern Wcnxlmen of America, Camp No. 
j 1800, of Agency City. Mr. Green and his fam- 
ily are meml)ers of the Congregational church. 

H. MILLER, a well known resi- 
dent of Ottumwa, Iowa, owns a 
valuable farm of 322 acres in 
Pleasant township, \\'apello coun- 
ty. He was born in Union county, Indiana. 
December 1, 1837, and is a son of Caleb and 
Mary (Bedell) Miller. 

Caleb Miller was born in Union county, In- 
diana, October 15, 1815, and followed farm- 
ing throughout liis entire life. In 1839 be 

moved to Darke countv, Ohio, where be re- 


sided seven years, when be located in Dablone- 
ga township, \\'a])ello county, Iowa, in the fall 
of 1846. Entering a claim, he followed farm- 
ing until his death, which occurred in 1874. 
He was a Rejiublican in politics, served as 

j justice of the peace for some years, and was 
on the school board of Dahlonega township 
for a number of years. Religiously he was a 

\ member of the Methodist Episcopal cluireb. 
He was united in marriage with Mary Bedell. 
\\li(> was born in Indiana, in 1817, and died 
in 1897. They reared si.K children, as follows: 
W. H., the subject of this biography ; Sarah E. ; 
[oim I').: B. F. ; Mary C. : and Clarence P.. 

W. II. Miller was a child of two years 
when bis parents moved to Darke county. Ohio, 
and bad attained the age of nine years when 
they located in Wapello county in i84r>. He 



resided with liis father in Dahlonega township 
until 1864, wlien lie moved to Pleasant town- 
ship. He engaged in agricultural pursuits with 
a great deal of success, and hecame tlic owner 
of T,22 acres of fine farming land in that town- 
shi]). He followed this occupation until 1899, 
when he moved to Ottumwa, leaving the farm 
to he worked Ijy his two sons, L. E. and C. E. 
Miller, and son-in-law, \i. L. (Hltner. lie was 
a careful manager, led an industrious life and 
accunudated a handsome com.jetence, which 
will permit him to spend the rcniaindrr of his 
days in ease and comfort. 

.Mr. .Miller was united in marriage with • 
Eady Cobler, who was born in Indiana in 1839 
and came to ^\'apello county, Iowa, with her 
parents in 1843. She is a daughter of the late 
Louis Cobler. This union resulted in the fol- 
lowing offspring: Louis \i.. Caleb E. and 
Mary J. (Giltner). Mrs. Miller is a member 
of the Christian church. 

Portraits of Mr. and Mrs. Miller are shown 
on i)receding pages of this book, in proximity 
to this. 

< « » 

M. E.\STBLT;X. This gentleman is 
an c.\tensi\-e land owner, and a well- 
kn.)wn farmer and .stockbreeder, of 
(jreen township, Wapello county. 
He has a farm of 200 acres of land in 
sections 7 and 18, township 71, range 14. Mr. 
r,astburn was born in Tippecanoe countv, In- 
diana, August 20, 1848, and is a son of Benja- 
min I^astburn. Benjamin l-lastburn was of 
English descent, and all his life followed the 


occupation of a farmer. He owned 640 acres 
of land near Eremont, Iowa, which he pur- 
chased in 1852. He was highly respected by 
all, and his death was nuich mourned. 

B. M. Eastburn received more than an or- 
dinary education. He attended the Central 
Universit}-, in Marion county, Indiana, after 
finishing his studies in the ctjmmon schools of 
his native county. In September, 1892, Mr. 
Eastburn purchased his present home-farm of 
the Hendricks heirs. This Ian 1 had been en- 
tered by Daniel Saunders, on a military land 
W'-arrant issued in 1850. In 1855, the Hen- 
dricks heirs became possessed of the land and 
they in turn sold it to Mr. Eastburn. h was 
in a very poor condition, and the new owner 
set to work to bring it Xo its present state of 
ciltivatian. lie seedetl down the major por- 
tion (if the land, bestowed upnn it nuich care, 
and it was not long until great improvement 
\\;is noticed. Most of the farm is fenced in 
>■ ith wo\'en wire, and the houses and out- 
buildings are all large and conxcnicnt. 

Air. Eastburn has alwaws had a fanc\' for 
fast horses, and at one time owned a string of 
horses that became well know n in Iowa for 
their trotting records. In 1894. Mr. East- 
Inu'n and his S(jn, Jesse, tnider tlie fn-m name 
of Eastburn & Son, began the collection of a 
stock of fine thoroughbred Chester-White hogs. 
These hogs have taken first and second jire- 
miums at the state fair and ;it the fair held in 
I'^ldon. The lincst hog in his stock is named 
"Good Enough," its registered number being 
10,233: it is three ycears old, and weighs 835 
pounds. It took the first premium at the Iowa 



state fair in ujoo. Mr. Eastlnini had one hog 
wliicli wciglied over one tliousand pounds. Me 
.sells his threc-nioiilli and four-niontlmld pigs 
at from $15 to $23 each, and last year sold 
$1,700 worth of this stock. Mr. Easthurn and 
his son also own a tlock of 22^ Shropshire 
sheep, (a good ])()rtion of them being 
registered), which ihcy are i)lacing on the 
market. .Mr. Easlhnrn is a man of much ex- 
ecutive ability, and has met w ith the great suc- 
cess which he has merited. 

Mr. luistburn chose for his first wife. Anna 
E. Barnes, whom he married in 1868. She 
died in April, 1871, leaving one son, Fred B., 
who resides in Adams township. For his sec- 
ond \\ife. -Mr. ICastburn married, in 1872, 
Amelia !•'. Baitscll, whn was Ijorn in Cincin- 
nati. Ohio. She is a daughter of John r);iit- 
sell. who was born in Xew York City, and was 
a cooper by trade. 1'. removed to Cincinnati, 
where he ct)ntinued at his trade for some time, 
and came to Iowa in 1856. He then tonk up 
farming near and remained there 
until 1864, when be sold his farm and pur- 
chased jand near Fremont. He died there at 
the age of seventy-one years, honored by all 
who knew him. Jane W'atkins Baitsell. the 
mother of Mrs. Easthurn was born in Wales, 
in 1812, and was a highly educrted and accom- 
l)lishc(l woman. 

Mr. and Mrs. Easthurn have been the par- 
ents of the following children, namely: Jesse 
O., born in 1874, who assists his father in 
operating the farm; Ora Pearl, born in 1876, 
who is at home; Walter B., bom in 1878, who 
died in i8()4: and Emma Letha. born in 1879. 

wh<; is also at home. The children have all 
received university educations, ;ind the daugh- 
ters are accomplished luusicians. 

Mr. I'lasthurn is a Republican in politics, 
and notwithstanding the fact that the neigh- 
borhood is Democratic, he was elected a school 
director four terms. He also served as town- 
ship trustee. The family attend the Baptist 
church in (Htumwa. 

ILS Al'.UAllAAI. a native of Sweden., 
was b(irn in 1836. He owns three 
farms in (b-een tdwnship, Wapello 
county, bjwa, the first one being lo- 
cated on section 17, township 71. range 14, 
and consisting of 80 acres; the second being 
located in section 16, township 71, range 14, 
; nd consisting of 40 acres; and the third be- 
ing located on sections 17, 19 and 20, town- 
ship 71, range 14, and consisting of 100 acre.-'. 
He makes his home on the named farm, 
and is engaged in diversified farming. 

Nils Abraham's father owned a small farm 
in Sweden, and as soon as Nils was old enoii5;h. 
he was apprenticed to a man who ran a flour 
mill. He remained with him seventeen years, 
saving his wages. When he decided to come 
to this country, he was not obliged to come 
l)ennilcss. Mr. Abraham arrived in Xew \ Hrk 
in 1868, and enteretl the emi)loy of a railroad 
company, in 1876, be purchased the home 
farm of 80 acres. This was entirely covered 
with brush and limber, and a little log house 



stood on the place. Tliis log house now stands 
by tlie side of the line residence whicli Mr. 
Abraham erected. Tlie barn and outliuildings 
are large and modern, affording ample shelter 
for iiis cattle and grain. I'.y dint of hard work 
and much frugality, 2\lr. .Vbraham has 
reached his present goal of success, each year 
marking an increase in his income. His three 
farms in (ircen tnwnship consist of 220 acre^; 
and aie kept in splendid couditicm. 

Air. .\l)raham was married, in 1870, to 
Anna Kunston. and they have three children, 
namelv: .Alfred, Selnia and Emma. Polili- 
callv. the subject of this sketch is a Reiniblican. 
Keligiouslv. he is a mcmlicr of the Lutheran 

E. PECK, who has one of the most 
commodious homes to l)e found 
throughout the country, in Wapello 
county, Iowa. li\cs near the race- 
track in Center township, and also owns the 
tract on which the track is locrUed. He was 
engaged successfully in general farming and 
berry-raising for many years, but at the pres- 
ent time rents his land to his son, Franklin. 
He was born October 7, 1S32, in Westport, 
Connecticut, and is a son of Dennis H. Peck. 
Dennis H. Peck was born in Connecticut, 
and died at the age of seventy-three years. 
His grandfather was also a nati\-e of Con- 
necticut. On the side of his mother Mr. Peck 
is also descended from Eastern people, her 
ancestors having been located there for several 

H. E. Peck was reared at Westport. twenty- 
two miles from New Haven, Connecticut, until 
he reached his thirteenth year, when he ran 

j away from home. He became a sailor before 
the mast, and rose in a comparatively .short 

I time to a trusted position, — (jue which some 
men never reach in the work of a lifetime. 
After one of the se\-cre storms which are so 
frequent on the ocean, he was reported 
drowned, and when he fniall}- landed he was 
sought out by his mother and induced to quit 
so hazardous an occupation. After these 
nianv vears of ocean life he obtained a pi)sition 
as engine-wiper, and tluviUgh strict attention 
to business and natural ability was rapidly pro- 
moted. He was first made fireman, and then 
engineer, on the New Haven Railroad. Soon 
his services were sought by the Chicago & 
Milwaukee l\;iilroad Company, for which he 
worked thirteen years. He was their most trust- 
ed man, and when any quick or extra hazardou-* 
run had to be made he was the choice for en- 
gineman. This conlidence in his al)ility was 
never misplaced. Strange as it may seem, be 
never met with an accident, but his carefulness 
and prudence in an emergency have saved the 
lives of mr.nv. Li 1870 he was offered the 
position of foreman of the engine department 
of the St. Louis. Kansas City & Northern Rail- 
road, which he held until he resigned and took 
up farming. This he did not so much as a 
matter of business as to enjoy for the remainder 
of his davs a more retired and quiet life. The 
homestead comjirises 27 acres, and the tract 
on which the race-track is located contains 80 
acres. Pjoth of these farms are now rented to 



his son. Five years ago lie built one of the 
largest and most coniinodioiis farm-houses in 
the county — two and a half stories high and 
47 li\' (i8 feet in diniensions. He has also 
erected a large hani am! all cmlliDuscs neces- 
sary for successful farming. 

November 5. 1855, Mr. Peck was united 
in marriage with Adeline Pratt, who passed 
away March 6, 1897, lia\'ing gi\cn birth to 
eight children, as follows: Harry A., born 
March 6, 1857; Ennua C, who was born Jan- 
uary 2b, 1860. and died February 1. 1897: 
.Ada C. born December 20, 1864; W, J., born 
August 20. 1866; b'ranklin K.. born October 
2, 1868; Phebe S.. born December 27, 1870; 
Hiram P., who was born October 14, 1876, 
and died .\ugust 10, 1888; and James G., born 
August 31. 1878. Mr. Peck has always been 
a Republican in politics, and is very liberal in 
religious views. 

I.ORC.E W. H.ATCH, the owner of 
200 acres of valuable farming land 
in Center township, Wapello county. 
Iowa, and about 65 acres within the 
city limits of Ottumwa, is one of the most pro- 
gressive farmers in his section of the county. 
Me was born of English ancestry, his father. 
George Hatch, having been born in Hull, Eng- 
land, in 1820. His mother was born in Penn- 
sylvania in 1827. George Hatch came to 
America in 1833. and settled in Iowa in 1844. 
The mother settled in this couiity in 1837. 
Thev had 1 1 children. 

Mr. Hatch carried on farming on this land 
many years before buying it. He cultivated 
it with 500 or 600 acres of other land, and hav- 
I ing been very successful in several nioiiey- 
[ making i)rojccts, lie decided to buy the 200 
acres above mentioned. It was formerly the 
estate of Charles F. Blake, in 1898 he i)ur- 
chased 200 acres in section ;i;^, township ^2, 
range 14. At ])rescnt he is erecting one of the 
largest and finest barns in the county, :ind also 
has a fine residence. He has been an extensive 
stock-raiser, often having several hundred head 
of cattle and hogs. At present he has but few 
cattle, but is running what is known as the 
"Ouaker Dairy," and su])plying cream and 
milk to the citizens of Ottumwa. He prefers 
Shorthorn cattle. 

Mr. Hatch was married to Ada C. Jeffries, 
February Hi, 1881. She is of descent. 
Nine cliililren ]ia\-e resulted from this union, 
whose names are: Jennie E., born March 13, 
1882; Blaine, who was born October 15, 1884, 
and died November 2;^, 1884; Mary E., born 
January 1. 1886; Harry, who was born Xo- 
veml)er 24. 1888, and died in December, 1889; 
Vera H.. who was born March 17, 1890. #nd 
died in December, 1892 ; Lela .\., born June 
9, 1892; George \\'., born August 14, 1895; 
I.uella. who was born November 3, 1897, and 
died I'A'bruary 13, 1899; and Eucille, born 
.\ugust 12, 1899. 

Mr. Hatch is a Republican in politics, and, 
although he has taken a tleep interest in local 
politics, he has never sought political prefer- 
ment. He is nnuli interested in educational 
conditions in his township, and lenils his sup- 



port to tliat cause. It was greatly tlinnigh liis 
iiitluence and assistance that tlie handsome 
school-lionse in tlie district was erected. Mr. 
Hatch is a member of the Odd Fellows order. 
He is \cr_\- liljcral and broad-minded in his 
views vn religious subjects. 


COY. a highly esteemed resident 

of Agency township. WapelKi 

count}-, Iowa, is tlie widow of 

John W. .\[cCoy. She was born in England, 

August 2~, 1836, and is a daughter of John 

/\ I well. 

John Atwell was hcjrn in i.LnghuKl, Feb- 
ruary 20, 1812, and was first a baker by trade, 
but later ap[)lie<l himself to agricultural ])ur- 
suits. He now resides in Kansas. He mar- 
ried Mary F. Doughty, who was born in Eng- 
land, and is deceased, l^hey became the par- 
ents of the following children : Sarah W. ; 
Anna: John; Xancy : \\'illiam; h^rances: Flar- 
riet : Richard; Ellen; George; and Lizzie. 

Sarah W. Atwell was first united in mar- 
riage with Air. Erridge, who is deceased. 
They had four children: Sarah; Elizabeth; 
Mary, deceased : and William, .\fter the death 
of her hu.sband she came with her four children 
to Wapello county. Fnva, and located in Agency 
townshiii, on the Evans farm. She settled on 
her ])resent farm in 1864, and has since resided 
upon it. She has a fine ]>niperty of 100 acres 
in section 24, township 72, range 13, which i^n 
conducted bv Iner two sons, Otis anfl Frank. 

She formed a matrimonial alliance with John 
\\'. McCoy on September 2, 1860. 

John W. McCoy was born in Penns\l\ania 
in 1843. and came to \\ a])ello county, Iowa, in 
1850, with his parents. He serxed three years 
in the Civil War. in the 22d Reg.. Iowa Vol. 
Inf., and won an honorable record. He was 
engaged in farming throughout his entire ac- 
tive career, and died March 20, 1901. 

.Mr. an<I Mrs. McCoy reared the following 
children : Dora, deceased, who was the wife 
of William Wilder, by whom she had two chil- 
dren, — Nellie and Rosa; Frank, who is a 
farmer and resides about a mile north of the 
home farm ; Oscar, deceased ; Otis ; .and iilla. 
Air. McCoy was a Republican in politics, and 
was a trustee of Agency township at the time 
of his death. Mrs. McCoy is a woman of 
many estiuKihle trails of character, and enjoys 
the res])ect and friendship of e\'ery one with 
whom she is acquainted. 

R. MORRIS L. DAVIS, who has been 
actively engaged in the jiractice of 
medicine in Agency City and Ot- 
tumwa, \Vapello county, Iowa, for 
the past fifteen years, is very successful, and 
enjoys the patronage of the leading citizens 
of the community. 

Dr. Da\-is was born in London, England, 
July 14, 1845. and is a .son of John and Ann 
Davies, and a nejihcw of Sir \\'illiam Pugh 
and the lawful heir of his estate. He 
\-isited the United States in 1859. His early 



eclucatimi was pursued in tlic liranch. Charter 
House, Welsh and St. I'.arlhuli 'iiiew schtxjls 
at London, luigland, the course in tlie latter 
institution embracing the classics, general sci- 
ence, pharmacy and medicine. He graduated 
from Wyoming College, at Kingston, Penn- 
sylvania, in 1874. from the Starling Medical 
College, of Columbus, Ohio, in 1879, and the 
medical department of New 'S'ork University 
in 1884. He was a student of Dr. G. S. Bailey 
at Chicago, who was at one time pastor of the 
Baptist church at Ottumwa, Iowa. Dr. Da\is 
was a private student of I'rof. Alfred L. 
Loomis. in ])hysical diagnosis, histology and 
]iathology; Prof. William H. Thompson, in 
physical diagnosis; Prof. William Draper, in 
chemistry: Professor \\'riglit, of Xew York 
University, in surgery : and Professor Janeway, 
of Bellevue Hospital Medical College, New 
York City, in physical diagnosis. He matricu- 
lated ill the College of Physicians and Sur- 
geons, of Xew York City, in' 1863. He served 
in the Civil War from 1861 to 1865. in the 
1st Reg., Delaware \'ol. Inf., 3d Brigade, Sec- 
ond Division, 2d .\":ny CorjiS; After the 
.\rniy of the Potomac had returned to Arling- 
t<in Heights, X'irginia, he was taken with ty- 
l)lioid fever, and remained at Washington, D. 
C. three months after the regiment was mus- 
tered out. He then returned home and began 
to work so as to be able to support a widowed 
mother, two sisters and two brothers and pre- 
pare himself for his different .studies and col- 
lege courses. He has practiced medicine in 
Xew \'ork City, Youngstown, Ohio, and Ot- 
tumwa and Agency City, Iowa. He has prac- 

ticed in the two last nametl towns since 1885, 
1 and has a very lucrati\e patronage. He has 
a thorough understanding of medical science, 
and his years of practice and careful prepara- 
tion for the profession have given hini 
the qualifications which make a good physician 
and surgeon and a safe counselor. His social 
and intellectual attainments are of the highest; 
he is genial, kind and loving. 

Dr. Davis was first married to Miss Ida 
McKnight, of Orangeville, Ohio. She died 
in 1 89 1, and for his second wife he led to the 
altar Ada A. Koons, of Luzerne county. Penn- 
sy-lvania. a daughter of David S. Koons, who 
is a prominent attorney of Pittston, Luzerne 
county. Pennsylvania. Dr. Davis is a mem- 
ber of the (;. A. K. and Ab;dern Woodmen of 
America. He is also a member of the Wapello 
County Medical Society, Des Moines Valley 
Medical Society, Iowa State Medical Society 
and the .Vssociation of the University and 
Belle\uc Hospital Medical College Societv. 

A.MES ROY BAKER, who comes of a 
prominent old family of Ottumwa, 
Iowa, resides on the old Baker home- 
stead just out of the city and is at the 
present time engaged in gardening. For some 
years he was engaged in the furniture business 
and expects to reenter that field of business as 
soon as a suitable opportunity presents itself. 
He was born December 3, 1868, in Fort 
Branch, Indiana, while his mother was on a 
visit, and is a son of J. J. McCoy and .\nna 
E. (Burns) Baker. 



j. J. McCoy Baker was born in Boonville, 
Warrick county. Indiana, January 29, 1840. 
and was four years of age wlien, in 1844, his 
l)arents moved to tliis county, locating on a 
claim about seven miles north of Ottumwa. 
There he lived until i860, then located in the 
city of Ottumwa, w'here his father, John G. 
Baker, conducted the hotel called the Ottumwa 
House. It soon became a popular resort, es- 
pecially during the Civil war, when John (i. 
Baker expended time and UKJuey for the bene- 
fit of the soldiers. Jt was thjough his instru- 
mentalit}- that the railroad companies cut rates 
for the sick and invalid soldiers, and. when 
they would arrive home from the b;ittlefields 
or hospitals, he would secure them cheap liv- 
ery and never charge them for stopping at his 
hotel. He was greatly assisted in this good 
work by his l)oys, who entered heart and soul 
into the work, and J. J. McCoy Baker ne\er 
during his entire life forgot the lessons taught 
him by his father. All through life, John (j. 
Baker was known as a charitalile man. and was 
a member of the Methodist church. I le helped 
to form the lirm of (iray, Baker & Madison, 
who contracted to furnish the Chicago, Bur- 
lington & Ouincy Railroad with all the 
ties they could use in the construction 
of their new railroad. They conceived 
the idea of building a wagon and foot 
bridge across the Des Moines River, con- 
necting North and South Ottumwa. which re- 
sulted in a handsome income for them during 
the twenty years they charged toll. 

J. J. McCoy Baker was a farmer by occu- 
liation. although he conducted a grocery busi- 

ness and a livery business for a time. He be- 
lie\'ed in the fundamental truths taught in the 
Bible and practiced what he believed, but could 
not stand the different creeds which seemed to 
teach contradictions more than charity and 
deed. 1 le was respected b\' all as a man, wha 
was sincere in what he belie\ed and practiced. 
He was very successful in his business enter- 
[jrises and his accumulations were niainh- in- 
\ csted in farm lands. At the lime of his death, 
January 28, 1898, he owned a half interest 

! in the Pioneer office building of Ottumwa, and 
three of the finest farms in the county, the 

I one in the outskirts of Ottumwa being 
the one his widow and family now re- 
side on. and cmi this he erected a hand- 
some home which he did not live long 
enough to enjoy. Me died full of honor and 
had the confidence of all the communit\. -\l- 
though a member of no church, he was a great 
reader of the Bible and l)elieved faithfully in 
it. He married Anna E. Burns, who was born 
in Warrick county, Indiana, and was a daugh- 
ter of Ivatclifife B. Burns. The latter, who was 
a relati\'e of Daniel Boone, was born near 
Bowling (ireen, Kentucky, in 1820, and in 
early life was a merchant, later becoming pro- 
l)rietor of a hotel in Chariton, Iowa ; he lived 
to reach the great old age of four score _\'ears, 
— his father was one of the earliest settlers of 
Warrick county, Indiana. 'Mv. and ^Irs. Ba- 
ker became the parents of nine children, seven 
of whom are living, namely : James Roy. our 
subject: (iurley Burns, who is a furniture 
dealer and undertaker at Fairfield, Iowa; 
Hiram Twin, a farmer \\'ho resides with his 

^<&t. _r^ 




mutlier ; (Jueen Aiinc, whu is single and is a 
clerk in the store of MancJel Brothers, at Chi- 
cago, Illinois; Charles C, who is at home; 
Jesse McCoy and .Mary Dell, also at humc. 
Those deceased are John Ralcliffe Clintim and 
Lucy Fransina. 

James R. Baker \Nas the eldest son horn to 
his parents, and he received a tine education. 
.\fter conii)leting his studies in the district 
school, he attended the Ottuniwa High .School, 
and later hnsiness college. He has heen en- 
gaged in the furniture husiness most of his lile, 
and has sold out a couple of times as he did 
nut like the locations. After selling the 
first time, he engaged in the cigar business for 
a time, and then^disposed of his store. He is 
now engaged in gardening t)n the old home- 
stead, but e.xpects to again engage in the finni- 
lure busi^iess, for which he has a liking. .Mr. 
Baker is married and has two children : 
born 4, 1891 ; and Helen, horn .Vjiril 
15, 1895. I'-raternally he belongs to the K. of 
]'. : the A. O. U. W. : and the U. B. A., of Ot- 

W . HELPER, a popular conductor mi 
the Chicago, Burlington & Ouincy 
Railroad, whose portrait accompanies 
this .sketch, has one of the best runs in 
the freight .service out of Ottumwa. He has 
been in the employ of this company almost 
continuously since 1879, has served the inter- 
ests of the company faithfully, and as a re- 
sult stands liigh in the esteem oi its officials. 

He was born at Osceola, Iowa, in 1858, and is 

j a .son of E. H. Heifer. 

I E. H. Heifer came from Montreal. Can- 
ad;i, located at Osceola, Iowa, before the day 

i of railroads, and lived with his family one and 
a half miles north of that town, He died there 
twenty-three years ago, and hij wife now re- 

I sides at Des Moines, Iowa. They reared five 
children, namely: J. W .. the subject of this 
personal Jiistory; Lydia ( Brady ), of St. Paul; 
Mary (Barger), of St. Joseph, Missouri; Hi- 

; ram, a marble and stone cutter, who died in 
1898; and Morton, ■ who resides with his 
mother at Des Moines. 

J. W". Heifer decided to make railroading- 
his life work and came to Ottumwa as the most 
likely place to make a start. In 1879 he begaiT 

j.his connection with the Chicago, Burlington 
& Ouincy Railroad and at the |)resent time is 

' ne.xt to the <jldest employe in the freight serv- 
ice. He began as brakeman o\er the Middle 
Division, on which he has principally run since. 

I He was promoted, in .\ugust, 1887, to the po- 
sition of conductor, which he now holds. I'or 
two years he ran from .\lbia to Des Moines, 
and luade his home at .Mbia a part of the tkne. 
lie now runs on the through Denver fast 
freight .and the ( )ni;iha meat nui over the 
Middle Dixision. lie has been successful in 
his work and exceedingly fortunate in that he 
has never been seriouslv injured (hu'ing his 

] long term of service. He purchased his jjres- 
ent home properlv, and built a comt'ortable 
house fourteen years ago, when buildings were 
few in .SruUh Ottumwn. 1 le has set otU a large 




niuiil)cr of clicrrv. apple and shade Irees and 
has a very pretty lionie and a hne family. 

Mr. llelfer was united in marriage at Ot- 
tuniwa, with Jennie Bird, a daughter of John 
I'.ird. who came from Indiana and now resides 
at Kansas City, Missouri. Tlu-ee daughters 
were horn to hiess this union, as follows: 
Myrtle. Mollie and Marvel. Ju politics ^^Ir. 
llelfer is a .stanch Democrat. Fraternally he 
is a memher of Division Xo. 216. O. R. C. at 
Oltumwa. Religiously the family are ]\leth- 

,L1.\M RF.EVE. one of the pros- 
peroi-.s farmers of .\gency town- 
^hi]), Wapello county. Iowa, was 
horn in Ohio in 1S36. and is a son 
(,i William and Susan ( Murphy) Reeve. 

William Reeve, the father f)f >.\w subject, 
was horn in Xew ^■ork State in 1797. and dur- 
ing his youth learned the trade cjf a cooper. 
He removed to Wapello county. Iowa, in 1851, 
and on March 22(1 of that year jnu-chased a 
farm in Agencv townshi]). on which he resided 
u;.til his death. He married Susan Murphy. 
im'd they reared the fcjUowing children: Sarah ; 
James .\., deceased : Mary A. : Lydia. deceased ; 
Lucretia J. : William, the suhject of this sketch ; 
Joseph; Susanah : Caroline: and Minerva. 

William Reeve, the gentleman whose name 
heads this .sketch, lived on his father"s farm un- 
til he reached the age of twenty-two years. 
After his marriage he bought a farm, and now 
owns a farm of 70 acres in section 19. carrying 
on general farming and stock-raising. He en- 

listed for service in the Civil War. August 7, 
1862, serving in Company E, 22d Reg., Iowa 
Vol. Inf., until July 25. 1865. He partici])ated 
in the siege of Vicksburg and the battle of 
Jackson. Mississippi, under General Crant, als(j 
the battles of Champion Hills and lllack River. 
He was then detailed teamster until the close 
of the war. 

Mr. Reeve married Elizabeth Magee. who 
was horn in Ohio in 1838. They have no chil- 
dren of their own. l)Ut raised J. C. Reeve, a 
Sv n of William Ci. Sniitii. from the time he was 
two years old. and his sister. Cora E.. from the 
time she was seven, giving theiu the same 
kindly treatment and training that they would 
give children oi their own. In politics Mr. 
Reeve is a Republican, and has served (ju the 
school board of .\gency township a number of 
years. He is a memher of .\gcncy Post. Xo. 
107. Ci. .\. R. lloth Mr. Reeve and his wife 
are members of the Methodist Episcopal 



['(ill r.ROWX, an esteemed citizen of 

()ttnm\\a. Iowa, was for manv years 

engaged in farming in Richland 

township, W'apello county. He was 

born in County Derry, Ireland. January 25, 

i8t8. and is a son of Samuel Rrown. 

The Brown family is of French descent. 
Samuel Brown was born in Ireland, and fol- 
lowed the trade of a miller and farmer. He 
married Miss L. Cannon, who is related to 
Lord Cannon, and they became parents of 11 
children, of whom Init two are now li\ing. 



namely: Hugh and Thomas. — the latter lieing 
lucated at Kirkville, Iowa. 

Hugh Brown came to the United States at 
the age of fifteen years, landing in I'hilrukdpliia. 
Pennsylvania, where he resided for three years, j 
Me then lived in Ohio until 1841. and during 
his early days followed farming, shoemaking 
and carpentering. He came to Wapello coun- 
ty, Iowa, in September. iS4_^. and purchased 
a claim of 160 acres in Richland township, and ; 
also 40 acres of timber land where the city of 
Ottunuva is now located. There were then 
but two houses in what is now Ottumwa. lie j 
built a cabin. IJ by 14 feet in size, without a 
chinmey, antl resided in it one year, when he 
built another cabin, 12 by 12 feet in dimen- 
sions. He made improvements on his clai'.n, 
which he entered, ami farmed there until i8H. 
when he moved to Ottumwa. ha\ing been 
elected clerk of the district court. He filk-d 
that ofiice two successixe terms, and in 1865 
returned to his farm, and carried on general 
farming until 1870. He has since made bis 
home in Ottumwa. where be has been one of 
the most enterprising and public-spirited citi- 
zens. He takes an earnest interest in all that 
]iertains to the welfare of the city and county, 
and by his just dealings and fairness to every 
one has won the respect of his fellow men. He 
i;. a Democrat in politics, and has served in 
various resjOTnsible positions with credit. He 
was county sn])ervisor two years, justice of the 
],-cace in Ricliland township a number of years, 
trustee of Richland township, president of the 
school board, and a member of the city cf)uncil 
of Ottumwa for two vears. 

April 25. 1843, ^l'- lb-own was united in 
marriage with Martha H. Thurman, who was 
born in Tennessee, in 181 j, and died in .March, 
1897. They reared the following children: 
Mary L. ; Margaret E. ; Martha J.; S. Hugh; 
William A. C. ; Xellie T. ; and George D., all 
of whom are living. Religiously Mr. Brown 
is a member of the Church of Christ, and has 
heljied to build several churches in Ottumwa 
during his long residence here. He has for 
a long time been an elder of the church. 

STRlCKL.'vXD, a representative 
farmer of Wapello county, Iowa, 
is located in Washington township, 
where he has ;l farm of 160 acres in sections 2, 
II and I J. He was Ijorn in (ireene county. 
Illinois, on June 22. 1836. and is a son of R. 
and Phccbe (Lakins) Strickland. 

R. Strickland, father of our sul)ject. was 
born in I'lastcrn Tennessee and served in the 
War of 1812 inidcr (lencral Jackson as fife 
major. He was a farmer by occupation, •and 
traded with the Indians at Chicago at an early 
day. He married Phcebe Lakins, who was 
born in Georgia, and they reared the following 
children: Willi.un: Elizabeth: Catherine; 
J(jhn: Mary Jane: L. M. : Francis M. : Mar- 
shal W. : Harvey M. : George R. : and Winfield 
Scott, deceased. 

Marshal \\'. Strickland resided in Illinoi.s 
imtil seven years of age. and in 1844 moved to 
Wapello county, accompanying his brotlier 



William. The latter located in Washington 
township, section lo. one mile north of Asii- 
land. and later sold his f;irm of 170 acres for 
$7,000 and moved to Missouri, where he died. 
^Marshal W. Strickland lived with his brother 
iinlil 1S51, and then went to Agency City, 
where he learned the trade of a blacksmith, fol- 
lowing it for a period of three years. In 1854 
lie returned to Washington townshii), where 
he has since resided. He located on his pres- 
ent farm in 1869, and has 160 acres in sections 
2, 1 I and i_'. 'i'he farm is under a high state 
of cultivation, well fenced and e(juipped with 
good, substantial farm Ijuildings. He has a 
comfortable two-story house of nine rooms. 

.Mr. Strickland was united in marriage with 
Alargarct (loff, who was born in Pennsylvania 
in 1837, ^"^^ they are parents of six children, 
as ft)ll(jws : Charles F., of Fremont, Nebraska ; 
John H., of Alaska: Anna; Margaret; Will- 
iam: ;ui(l Dora Jane, deceased. Politically the 
subject i;f this sketch is a Rei)ublican. Jn re- 
ligious attachments he is a member of the Mis- 
sionary I'aptist cluuxh. 

■.OYiCV. W. FRIRXD, a well-known 
journalist of \\'a])ello county, b>wa, 
i,^ proprietor of the h'onnii. which is 
|;ublislic(l at Eldon ami has a wide 
circulaliou in the \ icinit\-. He is a niitn of 
public s|)irit, and through the medium of his 
]ublicat:on has always gi\en his sui)port to 
all worthv enterprises calculated to benefit the 
town and countv. He was born in \'an I'.iux'n 

county, Iowa, in 1870, and is a son of Charles 
Friend, and grandson of George W. Friend. 
George W. I-"riend, the grandfather, was 
born in Canada in 1830, and was a minister 
the latter part of his life. During his early 
days he followed the trade of a cooper. He 
was a member of the AJ. E. church, and was 
living in Washington county, low a, at the time 
of his death. Charles Friend, father of our 
subject, was born in Indiana, April 3, 1843, 
and came to Iowa with his father in 1855, ^'^' 
eating in Washington county. I le came to 
Wapello county in 1879 ^^'tli '''■'^ ^""- ('Corge 
\V., making the trip in a wagon, and located 
at Eldon. He married Susan A. Jamison, who 
was 1)orn in Pennsylvania in 1849, «i"*^l they be- 
came iiarents of six chiUlren, as follows : Will- 
iam ^\'. ; (George W. ; Lora ; Zulah ; EdnK jnd ; 
and Audrey. Mr. Friend has been em])loyed 
I,y the Chicago, Rock Island & Pacific Railway 
Com]3any since 1879. He is a Republican in 

George W. Friend first attended the public 
schools of Selma and later those of Eldon. He 
commenced to learn the trade of a printer at 
the age of twehe years, and then worked for 
Rev. Mr. St. John on a niontlilv paper. He 
was later identified with the Eldon Rcz'icii' and 
the Eldou Journal, after which he held a po- 
sition as bonkkeei)cr for the Bradlev Bank of 
E.ldoii for nine nionllis. In iScji. in i)artncr- 
ship with M. !'. Dut'field, he started the Eldon 
; Ciraphlc, a weekly newspai)er, which they con- 
: ducted one year and then leased for a year. 
' I\Ir. Friend then bought the paper and named 
it the Eornin, and has published it continuously 

y/.//e. 5r M//. 



since. He is an able writer, and liis jjaper 
sprang- into jxipnlarity at its ineeptinn, and has 
had a growing- circnlation since. 

Mr. Friend was united in marriage (in Jnly 
2-j, 1892, witli Carrie Furlney, wlio was Ijorn 
in Lee county, Iowa, .\pril iS, 187-', and tlicy 
have a son, Royal, born March 31, 1890. In 
politics he is acti\c in his su])port of the Re- 
publican party, lie is a member of Eldon 
Lodge, No. 127, Knights of Pythias. 

ALTER ']■. MALL, who has been 
one of the ])rominent business men 
(if Ottumwa since locating here in 
1879, is a member of the whole- 
sale candy tirm of Walter T. Hall & Company, 
located at No. 1 13- 1 17 East Third street. They 
conduct the only cand_\- manufacturing estab- 
lishment in the city and make large sales 
throughout Icjwa and adjoining states. The 
concern occupies three stories and the base- 
ment of tlie l^hoenix block. Mr. Hall was born 
near ()ttum\\a, Wapello cnunty, Iowa, in 1857, 
and is a son of James and Louisa (Worley) 

James Hall was an Ohioan by birth and fcjl- 
lowed agricultural pursuits. He and his young 
wife came to Iowa about 1833. and here he died 
w hen liis son was about one }ear old. He and 
his wife had four children, namely: Walter 
'1\ ; Mrs. .\n(lrew I'urnaugh, who resided in 
Ottumwa until her deatli in 1883; Caroline, 
wife of Shelby Byers, of Huntington, Oregon; 
and Mrs. Connelly, with whom her mother re- 
sides at Agency City. 

When thirteen x'cars of age Walter T. Hall 
removed with his mcjther to Ouincy, Illinois, 
and there engaged in his first work in the bak- 
ing powder and s])ice factory of F. H. Mason 
& Coni])any, with whom he remained for three 
years after ct)mpleting his schooling. He came 
to Ottumwa in 1879 and formed a partnership 
w ith Mr. Cockerell, dealing and jobbing in teas, 
spices and confectionery under the lirm name 
of Cockerell (S; Hall. They located on South 
Market street, and the partnership continued 
for five years, when Mr. Hall purchased his 
[lartner's interest and continued in the business 
alone until 1893. From 1884 until 1892 he 
also engaged in the manufacture of candies, 
employing from 15 to 20 workmen. In 1893 
William Vinson and J. W. Coen purchased an 
iiUerest in the firm and the firm name was 
changed to Walter T. Hall & Conipau)', the 
plant being located on East Third street, ad- 
joining the J. W. Edgerly Drug Company. 
After the lapse of two years Mr. Coen retired 
from the business and the two remaining part- 
ners lia\e since conducted it. The plant has 
been gradually and steadily enlarged under 
clever management, anil they now have from 
do t(> 80 employes. The dimensions of the 
Phoenix building, in which they occupy three 
stories and the basement, are 80 by 66 feet. 
The basement is used for storage and for the 
boiler and engine rooms. It contains a boiler 
of 60 horse-power, which supjilies the power 
for running the machinery. There is a gen- 
eral su])erintendent and foreman for each de- 
partment, and the work is systematized in an 
excellent manner. The concern manufactures a 



complete line of candies of every description, 
and has developed a large jobbing trade on 
certain specialties, besides selling goods direct 
to the retail grocery and confectionery trade. 
Ill jobbing, the firm sells goods from New Or- 
leans to St. Paul, and from the Mississippi Val- 
ley to the Pacilic coast, and has the only factory 
uf its kiiul in Ottumwa. Seven traveling men 
call upon the retail trade, covering a large ter- 
ritory, which includes all of Iowa, northern 
Missouri and western Illinois. Another visits 
the wholesale tirnis from the Mississippi Valley 
t(i the Pacilic coast. In 1898 Mr. Hall built a 
line home in Ottumwa at No. 575 West Fourth 

Walter T. Hall was united in marriage with 
Minnie Vinson, who was born in Indiana and 
was brought to this state when a child. They 
have two children, Adine and Eveljn. In 
politics Mr. Hall is a Repul)lican, as was his 
father. He is a memljerof the Modern Wood- 
men of America of Ottumwa, and in religious 
views favors the Methodist Episcopal church. 
His portrait accompanies this sketch, being 
presented on a foregoing page. 


\MI'I':L I'.. CARR, prominently iden- 
tified with tlie growth and develop- 
ment of Wapello county, Iowa, has 
been a resident of the county since 
1S54. He is now practically retired from ac- 
tive business life, having placed the care and 
management of his farm in his son's hands. 
Mr. Carr was born in Butler county, Ohio, in 
1834, a son of John and Ruth (Bell) Carr. 

John Carr, the father of our subject, was 
ijorn in Kentucky. He removed to Richland 
township, Wapello county, Iowa, in 1854, 
where he engaged in farming. He died in 
Kansas at the advanced age of seventy years. 
Mr. Carr married Ruth Bell, who was born in 
Maryland, and they reared : Mary Ann ; Will- 
iani ; lolm : Josiah ; Samuel B., the subject of 
this sketch; Jacob; Alexander and Franklin. 
who are twins. 

Samuel B. Carr, the subject of this biog- 
raphy, removing from Indiana to Iowa, reached 
Ottumwa, October 28, 1854, and one year later 
settled on his present home farm, which is the 
eastern half of the northwest quarter of section 
27, in Richland township. With the exception 
of three years spent in Indiana, he has lived in 
Wapello county ever since he first located here. 
Mr. Carr had a brother Josiah, who came to 
Wapello ciiuntv in 1S5C), and shortly afterward 
located in Mahaska county, w liere he lived five 
years. He then located in Richland township, 
. Wapello county, residing there until his death, 
which was in April, 1900. 

Our subject has been living a retired life 
fur a iiuml)er of years, his son Douglas carry- 
ing on general farming and stock-raising. Mr. 
Carr was married in Shelby county, Indiana, 
in 1856, to Eliza Crow. Seven children re- 
in 1856, to Eliza Crow, who was born in 1835, 
suited frum this unicni, whose names are: Jo- 
seph H., who is a farmer of Wapello county; 
George, who is a miner in Colorado; Susan; 
Douglas, who conducts his father's farm ; Nel- 
lie, who is at home; Charles; and John W. 



I'-or a numljer nt years Mr. Larr was en- 
gaged in tlie carpenter Inisiness. and it was 
he who Iniilt tlie lirsl Iviarding house in Keh. 
Mr. ("arr is a Denmcrat in poHtics, and has 
always been actively interested in the s^rowth 
and development of \\'a])el1o county, and al- 
ways lends his supp<irt cheerfully to any inihlic 
enterprise. He is well known and hi,^•hly re- 
spected in his \icinity. 

K. J. E. McCORMICK. a i)rogressive 
\(Hing physician of Wapello cniuity, 
Iowa, has been located at Ottumwa 
since 1896, and in that time has won 
the confidence of his fellow citizens, lie re- 
ceived a \-ery careful preparation for the medi- 
cal profession, is skillful in diagnosing and 
treating the most complicated cases, and en- 
joys a very tine practice. He was born in New 
Orleans. Eouisiana. January 2. tS-(5. and is a 
son of James A. and Marilla 1 luncry ) Mc- 

James .\. McCormick mo\ed from Xew 
Orleans to Saratoga. Xew \'ork. and is now 
a stock-exchange broker of Xew \drk City, 
lie has been a devotee of the turf, and has 
(Avned, and now owns, some \cr\' hue thor- 
oughbred running horses. During the past 
twenty years he has been a resident of Xew 
^'ork City, although he has traveled very ex- 
tensively. He married Marilla lunery, who 
was born and reared in Illinois, her father now- 
being a retired agriculturist of Geneseo, Illi- 
nois. The Doctor was their only child. 

Dr. McCormick was reare<l in Xew ^'ork 
Citv and attended the jjublic schools. He de- 
termined to enter the meilical profession in 
1S89, and attended lectures in the College of 
the Citv of Xew York, completing his course 
in 1H94. He practiced in that city for two 
years, and then came to Ottumwa, where for 
two years he was associated witli his uncle. Dr. 
\Vilkin,son, an old and well-known practitioner 
of Ottumwa. Since 1898 he has practiced 
alone, and has cstabli.shcd a good general prac- 
tice, being well jjleased w ilh the cil\-. 

Dr. McCormick was joined in matrimony 
with I-^stella Jaijues, a daughter of W. 11. C. 
Jaques, of Ottumwa. In politics the Doctor is 
a Democrat, and was once a candidate for cor- 
( ner. iM-aternally he is a member of the 
Knights of I'ythias. Professionally he be- 
lones to the Des Moines Vallev Medical 
ciation : the Wapello County Medical .\ssoci- 
ation: and the Iowa .State Medical .\ssociation. 
lie was confirmed in the Catholic church, 
which he still favors. 

S.\.\C S. RKiCS. a gentleman well 
known in Wapello county, Iowa, is a 
prominent lumber dealer of luldyville. 
lie was born in Indiana, in 1854. and 
is a son of .\. W. and Martha ( Spillman) 
!\iggs. A record of the life i>f his father may 
be found elsewhere in this work. 

Isaac S. Riggs moved to Henry county, 
Iowa, when a child, and received the rudi- 
ments of a common school education, which 



was later supj)lementecl l)y a course in tlie pub- 
lic schools of Wapello county. After leaving 
school he spent live years in the employ of 
Fish & McGinitcT. nierchants n\ l''(l(ly\'ille. He 
later engaged in the grain l)usiness for two 
years for the above named gentlemen, and then 
engaged in the business as agent for a lumber 
com])any until 1H75. He then founded his 
present business, and has continuously engaged 
in the lumber business since, meeting w itli good 
success, lie carries a full su]ipl\- of hard and 
soft lumber, lath, shingles, posts, lime, cement, 
hair plaster, sewer i)ipe. sash, doors and blinds. 
and, in fact, everything in this line of building 
materials. Besides this business, he owns ami 
operates a farm of 240 acres, which is dexuteil 
to general farming and stock-raising. 

Mr. Riggs was first married to Ella Alc- 
W'illi.-inis. of l'.(l(ly\-ille. a (laughter of .Xallian 
McWilliams, and two children were born to 
them: liinlie M.. widow of John Butcher, by 
whom she had two children, — Helen K. and 
Celia; and Walter, who married Grace ]Mills- 
])augh. of lUu'lington. Iowa, and the_\' have two 
children. — Alberta and Bernice. After the 
deatli of his lirst wife Mr. l\iggs formed a sec- 
ond iniion with Xannie McMahan. of Eddy- 
ville. Iowa, and six children were born to bless 
their union: Clyde A., who married Mxrtle 
M. Myers, of I'^ldon. Iowa, her father being 
one of the early settlers of the count)-: Mabel 
M. ; Benjamin H, : Esther j.: ( irace 1.: and 
Isaac S., jr. In religious belief he and his 
faiuily are members of the Biajitist church. 
Politically our subject is a Republican, and 
has served in the town council and ;ls a member 

of the school board. In 1893 he became a 
member of Eddyville Lodge, No. 76, A. F. & 

j A. M.; ;ind also belongs to Day Lodge, No. 
26, I. O. (). v.. of which he has held all the 
chairs, lie is a \erv proniinent man in luldy- 
ville, and always takes an active ])art in any 
enterprise pertaining to the welfare of the com- 
munity. He is ])ossessefl of a jjleasing per- 

, sonality and his friends arc legion. 

IS Al'I'LEGKEX is the active man- 
ager of the (jlobe Tea Com])any, and 
is ably assisted in this successful en- 
terjjrise l)y his partner, Charles Hall- 
berg. They also carry a complete line of 
groceries, lia\e made extensive iiuprcnements 
and ha\e established a meat market. They 
enjoy the patronage of the best citizens of Ot- 
tumwa and vicinity, and cater to the highest 
class of trade. 

Mr. Applegren was born in Middle Sweden 
in 1847, and is a son of Carl .\pplegrcn, who 
was a grocer and extensive land owner. The 
latter accompanied his son Gus to this coimtrv 
in 1865, and at the time of his death was living 
at I'eoria, Illinois. He was the father of four 
sons and two daughters, namely: Gus; 
Charles and .\xcl. both engineers on the To- 
ledo, Peoria & Western Railway; John, who 
conducts a restaurant in Chicago; Mrs. Dr. 
Klingberg, of Osage City, Kansas; and Mrs. 
I Jo.sephine Anderson, who resides on a farm 
near I'eoria, Illinois. 




Gus Applegren liad excellent ediiealinnal 
achantagcs. and had nearl\- eiiin])leted a ccmrse 
of study in college at the time oi his departure 
for America. He has always been engaged in 
the grocer\- l)usiness, and was a clerk at Uur- 
]ingt(in, Iowa, and at Chicago, Illinois, He 
came to Ottnmwa, Iowa, from Chicago, in ( )c- 
tol)er, 1877, and was at once engage<l to m;ui- 
ag'e the store of the (ilolic Tea Company, 
which had been opened six months pre\iously 
in its present cpiarters, owned b\' Air. IJoulton, 
one of the earlv residents of ()ttumw;i. The 
large double building now occupied was en- 
larged, and is 140 feet deep, the rear being de- 
\oted to storing flour, feed, [potatoes, etc. In 
the main and front portion of the store is 
carrieil what is considered as tine and com- 
plete a line of groceries as is to be found in 
the State. A line of cured meats has been car- 
ried for some time, and thev also handle a full 
line of fresh meats. .\n especiall\- large 
amount of ])otatoes is liandled, and also Min- 
nesota, Nebraska and Kansas hard-w beat flour. 
When Mr. Applegren assumed charge of the 
business there was but one other person em- 
ployed in the store, and thc\ hired a delivery 
wagon when one was necessary. .\t the pres- 
ent time a force of 24 i>eople are employed in 
caring for the heavy trade, and five double 
teams and two single wagons are constantly 
busy on the delivery. Mr. Ap])legren is an 
•energetic business man, enterprising and pro- 
gressive, and stands high among the foremost 
men of the county. 

The subject of this sketch is unmarried, 
and rr«ms at the home of Mr. Hallberg. board- 

ing at the I'.allingall 1 Intel, braternally he is 
a member of the i>ene\olent and Protective 
Order of l-.lks. 

ALVIN MANNING, president of the 
Iowa National Piank, of Ottumwa, 
is one of the i)rominent financiers of 
W'apelli 1 county, Iowa. He was born 
June 7, 1851, at Keosauqua, Iowa, and is a 
son of b'.dwin and Sarah (.Sample) ^Manning. 
He successfully engaged in the practice of law 
for man\- years, and acquired nnich valuable 
e.xpcrience. which is of great l)enefit to him as 
the executive head of this institution. 

'1 he Iowa .Xational liank was organized 
and beg;ni business January 27, 1871, its pro- 
moters being L. W. X'alc, Charles F. Blake 
and Dr. James L. Taylor, deceased. Will- 
iam l);tggett, deceased, soon became a stock- 
holder, and J. I'l. b'ield was, sliortlv after the 
organization, elected cashier. December jo, 

1873, Charles F. Blake having purchased the 
I interest of L. W. Vale, was duly elected presi- 
I dent and E. S. Sheflield was elected to succeed 

Mr. Field as cashier. J. \V. Edgerly becai-rib a 
stockholder and a director, and also D. H. 
Michaels, both of whom are now deceased. 
Mr. Blake served as president from December 
20, 1873, until July 21, 1893, when he was suc- 
ceeded by Edw in M.nming. The litter held the 
office until January 8, 1901, when he resigned 
because of his advanced age, and was succeeded 
bv his son. Calvin Maiun'ng. Octol)er 30, 

1874, J. W. Eilgerly was elected cashier and 



served unlil January 30. 1888, when T. IL 
Eaton succeeded liim. The latier in turn was 
succeeded by C. K. Blake on April 29. 1893, 
and Calvin Manning was elected to that office 
on J:inuary 9. 1 894. 1 le served in that capacity 
unlil .\i)ril i_'. u^oo. when he acccjited the vice- 
presidency of the bank, and was succeeded l)y 
W. R. Daggett as cashier. The officers of the 
Ijank at tlie present time are as follows: Calvin 
Manning, president: j. H. Merrill, vice-presi- 
dent ; W. K. Daggett, cashier : and 1 1. C. Cham- 
licrs, assistant cashier. The directors are, Calvin 
^L-inning, J. 11. Merrill. Samuel Mahon. S. II. 
Hari)er, W. D. Tisdalc. l-".. T. h.dgerly and W. 
]<. Daggett. J. 11. Merrill was elected June 
9. 1877. and has since served continuously as 
a director, and for many years as vice-presi- 
dent, succeeding William Daggett to the last 
named office. 

l''dwin Manning, the father nf om- subject, 
was a wonderful cxam])le of u'ltiring activity, 
and met with the greatest success in all of his 
Inisiness ventures. He was Iki'h February 8, 
1810, in South Coventry. C"onnecticiit, 13 miles 
east of llartford. :ui(l resided there unlil he 
was nineteen years of age, when' he went to 
Pennsyh-ania rmd engaged in the merchandise 
business with an micle, James Manning. He 
remained there for some years, and then came 
west to Iowa, where he located and lai<l out the 
town of Keosan(|ua, which has since been his 
h(jme. Jle made the journey 'roni rennsyl- 
vania to Iowa in 1837. traveling on horseback, 
to what the Indians calleil the "'Beautifnl 
Lanil." b^or a period of sixty-two years, unlil 
i8(;9. Mr. Manning was most orominent and 

acti\e in business life in the Das Moines val- 
ley. His main places of Inisiness were Keosan- 
qua. Ottnmwa. Fddyville and Chariton. He 
owned many merchandise stores between Keo 
kuk and Des Moines, and also had heavy land 
anil banking interests. From 1850 to 1865 
he built steamboats and opened river naviga- 
tion from Keokuk to Des ]\bjines, Iowa. He 
was appointed l)y (io\ernor Kirkwood. of 
Iowa, as a commissioner of the Des Moines 
Ki\er Improvement. Mr. Manning resided at 
his home in Keosaucpia until Irs death, which 
occurred August 16. 1901. He was first mar- 
ried at Fort Madison, Iowa, to .^arah Samjile. 
who died in 1837. .She was born in Washing- 
ton county, Pennsylvania, and lied at the age 
of about forty-two \-ears. leax'ing three chil- 
dren: .Anna (i.. who is single and lives at 
Crinnell. Iowa: Cabin, the gentleman whose 
name beads these lines: and William S.. who 
was born in 1833, is single and resides at Ot- 
tumw:i. F.dw in Manning formed a second mat- 
rimonial alliance, wedding Nannie Brvant, then 
a resident of Keosau(|ua. and an adopted 
daughter of Cow Joseph A. Wright, of In- 
dian;;. I'^ive children ba\e been born to them, 
as follows: Edward 1'.. and .Mliert W., de- 
ceased: Stanley W. : Kate W.. wil'e of W. G. 
I'arn tt. of Cantril, Iowa : and Craig I., of Keo- 
! sau(|ua. 

i Cabin Manning recei\-ed his intellectual 
training in Cornell Cniversit\- ;■ .id in the State 
I'uixersity of Iowa, and graduated from the 
1 law (lei)arlmcnt of the latter institution, in 
I ii<jj. He was then in the law otiice ni Joy 
• Lv Wright, of Sioux City, two years, and came 



to Ottuniwa in J;iiiuai\v, 1H75. lie practiced 
law t'nr ten years, lirst beini;- associated witli 
Judge W'iilianis and later Ijeiiig alone. lie 
entered commercial life in 188S. hecoming iden- 
tified with the Iowa National I'ank, as cashier. 
lie was siihsequently elected vice-president of 
dial concern, and is now efticienlly discharging 
the duties of president, to which office he was 
elected to succeed his father. 

Mr. Manning was joined in niatrinn ny in 
September, 1S77, with Juliet K. P.lake, who 
was horn and reared at Ottuniwa. and is a 
daughter of Charles V. lllakc. They hecanie 
tlie parents of the following children: Maude, 
who died in 1880: Mary R. : Edwin C., who is 
connected with the Iowa Xational Ikuik ; and 
Louise, who die<l in infanc\'. Mr. Manning 
erected a handsome honie at Xo. ()i() East 
Seconti street, the grounds having a frontage 
of 13J feet. In politics he has heen a stanch 
Rejuihlican, and served as citv solicitor for 
four years and as a member of the city coun- 
cil four years, — representing the second ward. 
He was a delgate to the RepuJjlican national 
convention which nominated James (i. Blaine 
in 1884. and was also a delegate to the St. 
Louis conveiUion of the party, which nominated 
William McKinley, in 1896. He was aiipointcd 
by President McKinley (the api)ointnu-nt l)e- 
ing confirmed by the senate), a luember of 
the United States national commission to the 
Paris E.xposition in 1900, and spent si.\- 
nionths in Paris. 

Portraits of Edwin and Calvin Manning 
accompany this sketch, being presented on a 
preceding page. 

)Si':i'ii rkocToK. 

has heen identified with the growth 
and de\elopmcnl of Wapello countv, 
Iowa, for a number (jf years. He re- 
sides in .Vdams township, on a farm of 200 
acres, in section 23. township 71, range 15. 
lie was horn in luigland, in 1848. 

Joseph Proctor obtained his earlv mental 
training by working in the day time, and at- 
tending night school three evenings during the 
week. He was determined in his efforts to 
gain knowledge, and he has been iiUcrcstcd 
in matters .-ill his life. When he 
was twenty-one years old, he left England for 
.America. Upon his arrival in New York City. 
he h:.d hut $10.37 '" ''"^ possession. He verv 
generously loaned ,Sio to a friend, who failed 
to return the aniouiU, and this left .Mr. I'roctor 
with hut 37 cents with which to make a .start 
in the new country. He soon found emplov- 
luent, and managed to save a ])art of his wages 
each month. He went to Ohio, where he be- 
gan Inlying small tracts of land, and selling 
them at a prolit. He continued this for eigh' 
years, when he started west, and, reaching 
Wapello county, settled on his jiresent farm. 
He purchased 80 acres of land from J.'R. 
Prc'Ctor, and lifteen years ago purchased an- 
other 80 acres. He afterward added 40 acres, 
making a farm of 200 acres of well im]iroved 
land. Mr. Pmctor has now accumulated thisi 
world's goods to such an extent that he is 
thinking of shortly moving to Ottuniwa. in 
order that he may be able to give his children 
better educational advantages. It lias alwavs 
been a custom of "Sir. Proctor's to keep ac- 



count of all the profits and losses made in the 
different ])ranches of farming, and in this way 
he has hccn able to guard against losses and 
to ])ush those things which hrought him the 
greatest prdllt. lie is a man uf much business 
ability, and is self-made in the truest sense of 
the word. 

Mr. I'roctor married Mary Spangler, a 
daughter uf Samuel Spangler and a sister of 
L. Spangler. a resident lif (jreen township. 
Two children ha\e resulted from this union, 
namely: luhtl, born .\ugust 28. 1885: and 
Kena I'lanche. born July 30. i8()i. Laura 
F. Spangler, Mr. i'roctor's sister-in-law, also 
makes her Imnie with the f;imil\. 

Mr. I'roctor has been a life-long Demcjcrat. 
He was elected to represent his township in 
the county board for two terms, and also served 
two terms as one of the direclurs df the school 
biiard. Xo ])ublic enterprise has been com])Iete 
\vithout his assistance, and be is looked upon 
as one of the best citizens i>f the count\-. 

1). T'T".KRI'"E. a gentleman pniminent 
in the circles of finance in \\ apello 
cnimty, Iowa, is jiresident of the Fidel- 
ity Loan and liuilding Association. 
He is also well kiidwn b\- reason cif his system, 
kniiwn as the J'erree svstem of reducing ])a\- 
ments and loaning money in a luanner advan- 
tageous to his patrons and to the company he 
represents. He was born near Hillsboro, Illi- 
nois, in 1838. and is a son of Thom;is 1^'erree. 
whiidied at St. Lmiis. Missduri, in 1849. His 
mother is also deceased. 

j J. 1). Ferree was reared on a farm, and 

afterward taught school in Illinois. Subse- 
<iuentl_\ . in i8()5, he was engaged in the life 
insurance business. Having been left withnut 

: a father when ten years of age, he has been 
obliged to support himself since that time, and 
has won his own way in the world. He came 
from Keokuk to Ottumwa. Inwa. March 17. 
1878, and at once entered business. He or- 

i ganized the Ottuiuwa Loan and Ih'.ilding As- 

i sociation, of which he became secretary. Dr. 
Williams acted as vice-president and treasurer. 
They are at the jiresent time gradually closing 
up the business of the companv, ;is the various 
series issued fall due. The ciim])anv has pros- 
pered, and its patrons ha\e also reapetl their 
full share of the benetits. In May, 1S88, Mr. 
Ferree organized the W'ajjello County Loan 
and Jiuilding .Associaticm, of which be was 
made secretary: its Inisiness is also being 

j closed up. Tn 1893 he organized the Fidelity 
I.oan and Ihiilding Association, a State com- 
l)any, of which he served as secretary until re- 
cently, when he was elected president. His 
son-in-law, C F. Collison, is secretary, and 
Cahin Maiuiing is treasurer. The company is 
engaged in active business at the present time, 
and has excellent office rooms in the Huffmar;. 
r.uililing. In i8(/) Mr. Ferree organized the 
Ottumwa Loan. lUiildiiig and Savings Asso- 
ciation, of which be is president: Mr. CoIHson 
is .secretary and Mr. ^ilanning treasurer. The 
two first named manage all the companv"s busi- 
ness. Mr. b'erree's daughter. Miss S. F. Fer- 
ree, is located in the same office with her fa- 
ther, and represents nine nf the best insurance 




cninpanics in the cnuiUrw She lias tdllnwuil 
lliat business for the past nine _\cars, and is a 
very successful business wmiiau. 

Mr. Ferree was united in marriage with 
Miss S. F. Nelson, who was Ixirn at Mi unit 
Pleasant, b)wa, in 1S45. and is of lMi,y;lisIi an- 
cestr\-. She was reared at Keokuk, Iowa. 
This union residted in tiie followiiii;- oitspriiij;': 
Mrs. Ca[)t. T. 1'. Martin, whose husband is 
in the oil business at Beaumont, Te.xas ; .Mrs, 
tiardner, of Fort Dodge, hnva; Miss S. 1'., 
who is in l!ie insurance business in Ottuniwa : 
Mrs. McAllister, whose husband is division 
superintendent of the American Transit Com- 
])any at Kansas City, Missouri; Mrs. J. Frank 
Kerfoot, whose husband is in the clothing" busi- 
ness in Ottumwa: and .Mrs. (,". F. Collison, 
whose husbaiul came to Ottuniwa from Keo- 
kuk, wliere he was connected with the Daily 
Coiislitntioji. — he was a soldier in the Si)anisli- 
.\merican war. h'raternally Mr. h'erree was 
made a Mason at Ottuniwa, and has taken the 
thirty-second, or Scottish Rite, degree, lie is a 
member of the Des Moines Consi-storv. His 
wife is a member of the Daughters of the 
.\merican Revolution. In religious views they 
are Ei)iscopaIians. He has a very comfort- 
able home in the Third Ward, (Ottumwa. 

ceased. The Ottumiva Daily CoiiriiT. 
of January 30, iSqq, contained the 


Col. Dwight Bannister, one of Ottumwa's 

oldest, most proininent and honored citizens 
and pioneer business men, pa.ssed awav at 
8:20 o'clock this morning at his home on Col- 
lege street. He has been a resident <if Ottuni- 
wa since June, 1N75, and throughout that 
period, up to the ist of January of this year, 
had been ;icti\-ely engaged in business, having 
been ])rcsidciil of the OUuniwa Gas Light, 
Heat & i'ower Company for the past twentv- 
lour years. He was for tweh-e years a mem- 
ber of the Ottuniwa .school hoard, being presi- 
dent of that body during a large part of that 
period. Colonel Bannister was loved and re- 
s[)ected by all who knew him. He was of a 
retiring disposition, adverse to notoriety of any 
kind, and \ery reserved in manner, but no 
more honorable or upright man e\er called Ot- 
tumwa his home. 

Dwight Bannister was born in Ontario 
county. New- York, I'^ebruary 3, 1833, his fa- 
ther being Col. Asaliel Bannister, who was a 
soldier in the War of iSij. In early man- 
hood he left New \'ork State and went to Co- 
lumbus. Ohio, and was for several }ears 
agent for the Illinois Central Railroad Com- 
pany in disposing of the area included in its 
land grant, lie afterward became acquainted 
with Salmon P. Chase, then governor of Ohio, 
and was ap])ointcd his private secretary. He 
accompanied Mr. Chase on his tour during the 
presidential campaign of i860, when Mr. 
Chase stumped the country for Lincoln. .\t 
that time he gained the friendship of many men 
who afterward acted prominent ])arts in the 
great contlict then fast approaching. During 
this period he devoted his spare moments to the 



study of law. and was admitted to the bar in 
1858, but on tlie outbreak of the Rebellion he 
answered the tirst call and enlisted in a battery 
of Ohio artillery. When Mr. Chase became 
secretary of the treasury, he, of his own motion, 
had his young friend appointed a paymaster in 
the army. This position he held during the rest 
of the war. and for many years thereafter lie 
ser\ed in the same capacity in the regular army, 
on what was then the western fmntier. Al- 
though nut a line officer he frequently volun- 
teered for duty on the field of battle, and was 
once accorded sj^ecial commendation by General 
Lander for gallantrx- in actinn. May 26. 1864, 
he was married t() Li\-inia Murdoch, of Ur- 
bana. Ohin. He resigned from the army on 
account of having a serious illness, which ren- 
dered him unable to longer withstand the ex- 
posure his duties rc(iuired. lie went back to 
Ohio anil commenced the ])ractice of law at 
L'rbana, being connected with the office of 
Judge Robert b'ulton. judge Fulton shortly 
afterward remo\-ed to Columbus. Ohio, and 
Colonel Bannister came to Ottuniwa. His life 
here is well known to the people of dur city. 
He was an upright Christian !;entlcman, just 
and honorable in all his dealings and was well 
beliivt'd bv all wlm knew him. lie was a great ! 
lover of horticulture an<l had sjjent much time 
and labor in trying to find what varieties of 
fruit and lluw ers could be made to dn-ive in our 
rigorous climate. The results of this work 
will be of ]>ernianeiU value. He leaves a wife 
and fiiur children. Amy ( whd died in Ottumwa 
several years ago), Fclilh, M. Cliase. a physi- 
cian, and Robert J., all residing in Ottuniwa. 

Dwight Bannister's record for bravery 
while a soldier in the Ci\il war was surpassed 
by that of but few men. He was major and 
paymaster on the staff of (iener;d i.ander. and 
one incident in particular during his career is 
worthy of meiUion. This incident is spoken of 
at length in Schmucker's "History of the Civil 
\\'ar in the United States." and is as follows : 

"file liing.and inonotonDUS inactixitv which 
had characterized the Army of the Potomac 
near W'ashington during Sdiiie months was 
agreeably broken on the 14111 of Feliruary, 
1862. by a bold and sudden moxement of a 
part of the troops commanded bv ( jeneral 
Lander. That officer having ascertained that 
the brigade of the Confederate general, Carson, 
4,000 in number, had taken a strong position 
at llliiomcry (ia]>, resol\ed to attack them. He 
ordered the 500 ca\alry attached to his brigade 
to take the advance, ;nic], lia\ing reached the 
Cacapon River, to construct a bridge for tlie 
passage of the iiifaiitr\- who were to follow. 
This order w;is ])riimptly executed. Twenty 
wagons were placed at interxals in the ri\-er, 
over which planks were laid, and thus in sev- 
eral hours at night a liridge was constructed, 
180 feet in lengtli. which admirably answered 
the puri)ose of transportation. It was located 
at a point se\'eral miles distant from the Caca- 
pon River Railroad, and about the same dis- 
tance from Bloomery Gap, the contemplated 
scene of conflict. General Lander liad intended 
to make the attack during the night, ami. ha\-- 
ing driven the enemy thnjugh the Gai), to pur- 
sue them with tlie cavalry and to capture the 
officers and many <<( the men. But the enemy 



had already left their position, either suspicions 
of an attack or forewarned of (leneral Lander's 
.'.[.proach, so that when the h'ederal troops 
chars^ed through the ( ia[) thcv encountered no 
one. (ieneral Lander ordered an immediate pur- 
suit on tiic Winchester road by his cavalry, fol- 
lowed and supported by the Eighth Ohio and 
Se\euth \'irginia rci^iments. They oxerlook 
the retreating foe about two miles from the 
< 1,'ip. The Confederates recei\ed them with a 
sharp lire of musketry, under which the cavalry 
wavered antl showed une.\i)ectetl signs of cow- 
ardice. In \ain (jeneral Lander ordered tlicm 
to advance and charge. Not a man stirred. 'Hie 
General then exclaimed "Follow me." One 
private only, named John Cannon, answered 
the a])peal. Accompanied 1)\' this solitar\- hero 
and 1)\- Maior Armstrong, his adjutant, Ala)or 
Bannister, and Fitz James OJlrien, members 
of bis staff, (ieneral Lander rode forward to- 
ward a group of Confederate officers several 
hundred yards distant and ordered them to sur- 
render. Tlie I)oldness and daring of this ni<ivc- 
nient seemed to have paralyzed those oliicers, 
and they immecHately complied. But the Con- 
federate infantry, posted in the adjacent woods, 
liaving commenced a brisk fire, (Jeneral Lander 
ordered Colonel Anestanze! to attack them with 
his cavalry and attempt to secure their bag- 
gage, while the movement was to be su])ported 
I)y the. infantry. At first the cavalry seeme<l 
disposed to refuse oljedience and (ienenil 
Lander, justly enraged at their cowardice, shot 
at one of his men without hitting him. After 
rei)eated orders the cavalry advanced and j 
cliarged upon the enemy, wlio were tlien re- 

treating. ']"he pursuit was continued for eight 
miles under Colonel Carroll's direction, until 
he reached the limits of (ieneral Lander's de- 
partment. The result of this engagement was 
the capture of 18 commissioned oflkers and 45 
non-commissioned ofificers and privates, to- 
gether with 15 baggage wagons. The loss of 
the Confederates was 30 killed and that of the 
Federals, se\en killed and womided. The rout 
of the enemy was complete, notwithstanding 
the inefficiency of the cavalry. That ineffi- 
ciency was attributed to tlie fact that several 
if their officers were ab.sent, that tliey 
had never before been under fire, and that they 
were unaccustomed to practice with the saber." 
A ])ortrait of Col. Uwight JJannister ac- 
companies this sketch, being presented (ju a 
foregoing page. 

-Li.\.\l 1;. WACOFF, a progress- 
ive citizen of (Jttumwa. biwa, is 
engaged in the real estate and loan 
business, and has his office in the 
Hof¥man Block. He has been located in the 
county since 1X53, and is well known througli- 
out tins section. Me was born near CosIkk- 
ton, Coshocton county, Ohio, May 6, 1841, and 
is a son of James and Rachel (Cecil) W'yoiff. 
James W'ycofif w;is born in I'ennsvlvania, 
but moved to Ohio with his father at a very 
early age. lie was a contractor and built the 
White Woman Canal near Coshocton, from 
Lake Erie to tlie White \\'oman River. Me 
engaged in contracting there until 1846, and 



then came west to Burliiigtmi. Idwa, being on 
liis way to Raccoon Forks, where Des Moines 
is now located. Receiving discouraging re- 
ports from jjarties returning from Central 
Iowa, whi>m they met at Waugh's Point, now 
the town <:i 1 ledrick, they then returned to Jef- 
ferson county. Iowa, and .settled there. He 
was .soon taken ill and died at the age of sixty 
years. His widow died about si.x years later. 
'J'hey were parents of seven children : Eliza 
(Khamey ). deceased: Delilah (Good), of Ore- 
gon: Haziel, a st^ldier of the Civil War, who 
died in 1870; Peter, formerly in charge of a 
government ferry in the West, is now a resi- 
dent of the State of Washington, — he was also 
a soldier of the Civil War; James, a resident of 
Barron, Wisconsin, wlio was a soldier of the 
Ci\il War, but mainly spent his term of serv-. 
ice in charge of. or as assistant steward of, a 
hospital in ]ndiana])olis, Indiana: \\'illiani B., 
the subject of this personal history : and Rachel, 
who resided with her brother, W. B., and died 
at the age of about thirty years. Mrs. Wycoff 
formed a second uniiju by wedding John Vin- 
son, of Kentucky, who bnuighl with him to 
Iowa a hand corn-mill. In 1S51 the highest 
water mark ever rect)rded in Wapello count \- 
was reached, and ])eople came fmm many 
miles, awaiting their turn to use this hand mill. 
William B. Wycoff was about tive years 
old when he came to Jefferson county, Towa. 
in 1846, and in 1853 he located in Wapello 
county, about four miles north of Ottumwa. 
He followed farming for some years, and now 
owns a farm one mile north of Ottumwa, where 
he resided much of the time, although his home 

is now on West Fourth street, Ottumwa. He 
built a house and other buildings on the farm, 
made many improvements, and has one of the 
most valuable pieces of farm land in his part 
of the county. He has been engaged in the 
real estate business more or less for the past 
twenty years, and has built numerous houses 
in the city. He has offices in the Hoffman 
Block, and deals in city and farm property, — 
also making loans. He has worked u\) a well- 
paying jjatronage, and his business is in a 
thriving condition. 

I .\t the age i)f twenty-one years Mr. Wycolif 

, was united in marriage with Sarah E. JNIartin, 
who was born in Indiana, in 1840, and was 

! brought to Iowa in 1843. ' '^^' loll(»wing chil- 
dren ha\e blessed their union : Laura J. and 

j Flora J., twins, who died within two weeks of 
each other, aged two and a half years; Mrs. 
?\lary E. Bedwell, of J'Jiid. Oklahoma: ?ilrs. 
C'ora M. Sbcwey, whose husband is a traveling 
man of this city ; Mrs. Anna ]\I. Conroy, of 
Mason City, Iowa, where her husband is editor 
of the Globc-Gazcttc; and J. C.. who li\es just 
north of (Jttumwa on bis farm. 

MIL Fl'X'HT. who has been located in 
( )ttum\\a. Iowa, since Ajiril. 1892, 
is the well-known pro])rictor of the 
c\tensi\-e manufacturing establish- 
ment of the Wapello Cigar Company. 

Mr. Fecht was born in the LTpper Penin- 
sula of Michigan in 1853, and received his 
education in the German-American Seminary 




of Detniit. He learned tlie tobacco Imsiness 
witli John J. llagk)- & Company, of J3clroit, 
Micliigan, obtaining a complete understanding 
of its details. He moved to Ottiimwa, Wa- 
pello county, Iowa, to associate in tbe manu- 
facture of cigars with his brother, Julius Fecht, 
and the partnership continued until 1895. He 
then organized the Wapello Cigar Company 
and located at Xo. 106 East Main street, when; 
the concern occupies two stories and a base- 
ment. Under capable management the busi- 
ness has increased wonderfully, and the capac- 
ity for 1901 is about 1,000,000 cigars. Mr. 
Fecht is an advocate of consistent and sys- 
tematic advertising, and his business has in- 
creased about 30 per cent in 1901, without 
an additional Liutki}- of money. The basement 
of the building is used for storage of raw ma- 
terials, about 60 cases of leaf tobacco being 
kept on hand. On the first floor, 60 by 26 
feet in dimensions, are the shipping room and 
office. The second floor, 80 bv 26 feet in di- 
mensions, is where the cigars are manufac- 
tured. About 24 men are emplo\-ed in the 
work altogether, under the superintendence oJ 
Frank Lewis. They produce many grades of 
cigars, the leading brands being "Gold Seal," 
"Twist Head" and "Little Yara." in the live- 
cent goods, and "Corona del Key," in ten-cent 
goods. Tiie Wapello Cigar Company is also 
tlie heaviest pipe jobber in the state of Iowa. 
Three men represent the house on the road, the 
territory lieing divided into north and south 
lialves of Iowa and tlie north half of Missouri, 
Mr, Fecht is married and has two children : 
Alfred E., who is in business with his father; 


and .Mrs. C. A. Braun, whose husband is a 
jeweler in Ottuniwa. Jn politics ■Mr. Fecht 
is a Republican, and, especially, a protectionist. 
He has always taken an earnest interest in 
party affairs, and in Michigan took the stump 
in behalf of the party. .\t Ottumwa he has 
always favored numicipal ownership of the 
water works, and is deeply interested in secur- 
ing a public park, the lack of which is one of 
the most prominent deficiencies of the city. 
The fine natural waterway afforded by the Des 
Moines River offers some excellent sites for a 
public park, and ^Ir. Fecht is putting forth his 
best efforts to have a park established west of 
the city and within easy, access. Fraternally 
he is a member of the B. P. O. E. ; Knights of 
the Maccabees; and Court of Honor. He is 
also a member of Lodge No. 69, A. F. & A. 
M., of Ottumwa. 

AVID COBLER, a prosperous farmer 
of Highland township, Wapello coun- 
ty, Iowa, whose portrait is shown on 
the opposite page, is living in section 
20, range 13. He was born in Tippecanoe 
county, Indiana, October 28, 1837. and is a son 
of Lewis and grandson of David Cobler, 

Lewis Cobler was a son of David and 
Xancy (Travis) Cobler, and was born in 
Adams county, Ohio, in 1810. His parents 
were natives of Pennsylvania and Mar\l;uid. 
In 1828 Lewis Cobler went to Indiana, where 
he located on a farm on the Wabash River, 
near Lafayette, and remained there alx>ut 



fifteen years. In 1833 lie married, and in 1843, 
with his wife and f^unily, removed to Wai>ello 
county, where, at the opening of the "New Pur- 
chase," he entered a quarter section of land, 
which was situated in Dalilonega and Highland j 
townships. Lewis Cobler and his wife had si.x 
children, who lived to maturity, as follows : , 
Mary Ann, the wife of Jacob Goudy, now liv- 1 
ing in Nebraska; Eady, the wife of William 1 
Henry Miller: David: Sarejjta. deceased, the 
wife of Jackson Harninn. wIki lived in I'leas- 
ant t(^wnship: Miner\'a, wlm married James 
Work, and died in 1899. her husband dying in 
1896: and Rhoda Jane, who married Thomas 
I\hincr, (if Dahlimega tnwnsliip. Tlu- nmlher 
•of these childreen was burn in 1813, and her 
death occurred January (>, 1873. 

David Cobler, whose name heads this 
sketch, received but a limited education. He 
has always fullnwed the occupalidu of a farmer 
and fur many years engaged in the raising and 
selling of mules. He is a self-made man. and is 
held in high esteem by all his fellow citizens. A 
man of robust physique, gentle in manner and 
\-oice, one is readily attracted to him liy hi> 
kindliness. He has Ijeen very successful, and 
has now reached a stage of prasperity where he 
can enjoy in ease the fruits of his years of toil. 
His farm is one of the most beautiful in High- 
land township, and its general appearance 
si)eaks well for its owner's thrift and prosperity. 
In addition to farming in a general way, he 
took great interest for a number of years in the 
breeding of fine Hereford cattle. 

Mr. Cobler was married to Guelma Hoo\er, 
January 19, 1861. She was a native of Indiana, 

and her death occurred September 24, 1872. 
Five children were born to this couple, as fol- 
lows : Elmer, who married Mrs. Ehvood 
Buckner : Marion, who married Maggie 
\'oung. and li\-es in Oklahoma ; Charles, who 
married Rosie McCuen, and li\es near New- 
kirk, Oklahoma ; and Lewis, who died July 2, 
1900. in his twenty-ninth year. The other child 
died in infancy. 

Mr. L'obler married, sec(jndly, Sarah Bell 
lledrick, a daughter of Wesley and Mar_\- Hed- 
rick. They were married in 1873, and are the 
[larents of five children, namely: Alary, the 
wife of Lawrence McCuen, who lives near 
New kirk, ( )klahoma : Katie, who married 
Philip Ackcrnian. and li\cs in Keokuk county, 
Iowa : h'rcderick ; Elizabeth : and Da\'id. 

Mr. Cobler is a Republican, in politics. He 
has many friends in Wapello county, where he 
is held in high esteem. 

LAUDE W. THORNTON, a business 
ni;iii (]f recognized al)ilit\', is secre- 
tar\- and manager of the La Crosse 
^ Lumber Company, which has had 

j heatlquartcrs in Ottumwa only since January 
2, 1901. but whose future success here is as- 
sured. He was born, in 1867, at Louisiana, 
I Pike county, Missouri, a place well known as 
• "the home of Joe Bowxrs." 

Mr. Thornton is a son of Daniel and Lizzie 
I (Hostetter) Thornton, who reared three chil- 
dren : J. C. : Claude W. : and Airs. F. T. Car- 
roll. J. C, of Louisiana, Missouri, is superin- 



tendent uf (lie Louisiana Teleplione Company, 
wliicli is iiwncd 1)\' tlie La Crosse Lumber Com- 
pany, ll lias 400 miles of toll line, with cen- 
tral exchange at Louisiana, connecting the 23 
towns in Missouri where their lumber yards 
are liKated. Mrs. F. T. Carroll's husband lives 
at Des Moines, and is identified with a steel 
range com|)any, as its representative fur the 
state of Iowa. 

Claude W. Thornton resided on the farm 
until 1886. when he was elected deput\' col- 
lector of Pike county, which office he ably tilled 
about three years. He engaged in the lumber 
business with the La Crosse Lumber Company 
on March i, 1890. This concern has been 
doing business in a large numlier f)f towns in 
Missouri, with head(iuarters at Lijuisiana, Mis- 
souri, since 1876, Charles G, BufYum is presi- 
dent of the com])an}-; Frank \\'. Bufifum, vice- 
president and treasurer ; and Claude W. Thorn- 
ton, secretary and manager. Frank W. Buff- 
um has charge of the company interests in Mis- 
souri ; the firm also has three retail yards in 
Illinois. There were many reasons fur the" 
company selecting Ottumwa as headquarters. 
The city is centrally located, is a railroad cen- 
ter, is surrounded by a rich and prosperous 
farming country, and is in a coal region, — all 
of which goes to make Ottumwa the best man- 
ufacturing town in tlie State of Iowa. It is 
tlie aim of the company to later establish yards 
at different points in Iowa, with Mr. Thorn- 
ten in charge, having his headquarters at Ot- 
tumwa. E.xtensive improvements are in prog- 
ress on the company's grounds, at Xo. 623 
West Second street, which, when completed. 

will be an imi)ro\cment to the city. The plot 
of land is if 18 by 200 feet in extent, and on 
this, ten feel back fniui the sidewalk, will be 
erected three sheds extending the full length 
of the lots, with front constructed of pressed 
brick. Two sheds will be 34 feet wide and 
one shed 20 feet wide. The ten-foot space in 
front will be nicely fitted up with grass plots, 
giving- thep lace a very attractive appearance. 
The three men at the head of this important 
concern ha\e had man\- vears of experience 
in the lumber business, and their efforts in Ot- 
tumwa will certainly be cruwned with success. 
Air. Thornton was united in marriage with 
-Xannie Burnett, who was born at Burlington, 
Iowa, and is a druighter of T. L. Burnett. 
They ha\e twD children, Harry and Mabel, 
both of whom are attending school. Frater- 
nally Mr. Thornton is a Mason and a member 
of the Knights of Pythias ; he and his wife 
are members of the Eastern Star Lodge. In 
religious \iews he is a Baptist. His residence 
is located at Xo. 1^8 East Court street. 


\MES BURBAGE, a retired and pros- 
perous farmer of .Agency township. 
Wapello county, Iowa, has been one 
of the leading men of the county since 
He was born in the central part of 
England in 1816. and that country was his 
home until he grew to manhood. In 1840 Mr. 
Burbage came t(T the United States, landing at 
New Orleans. He settled in Morgan county, 
Illinois, where he lived four vears. There he 



carried on the occupation wliicli lie has followed 
all .his life, that of tilling the soil. Mr. Bur- 
bage located in Wapello county, low a, in 1S44, 
buying a farm on the county line eight miles 
east of Agency City. Tliere he carried on gen- 
eral farming for a period of twenty-three years. 
Li 1867 he bought his present home farm, west 
of Agency City, and since that time has lived 
there. There are but 12 acres in the place, but 
as ]\Ir. Burbage has been retired for a numbei 
of years, this has pro\ed to be quite enough. 
There is no more prosperous or better known 
man in the county than Mr. Burbage. He has 
been very successful. He is a kind and chari- 
table neighbor, lending support wherever it is 

Mr. Burbage married Elizabeth Pattridge, 
who died in 1894. He married for his second 
wife ]\Irs. Mattie Dawson, who died October 
4, 1899, aged sixty-five years. Politically he 
is a Republican. Religiously he is an attend- 
ant of the Methodist church. 

K. DYSART is projirietor and man- 
ager nf the J. K. Dysart Clothing- 
Company, une of the best establish- 
ments of its kind in the city, and has 
been located here since May, 1889. He was 
born in Tennessee, and is a son of J. L. Dysart, 
coming of a prominent old family of his na- 
tive State. 

J. L. Dysart is a blacksmith and wagon- 
maker by trade, and now lives in Ottumwa. 
While most of the family were naturally Con- 

federates, not so with J. L. Dysart, who en- 
listed in the Union army and served with an 
Iowa regiment during the war. His wife is 
now^ dead. They had three children : Mrs, 
F. P. Baer, whose husband is emp!o_\cd in the 
Model cli ithing store of J. B. Sax, of Ottumwa ; 
M. B., who is in the flour and feed business at 
Appleton City, Missouri ; and J. K., the sub- 
ject of this personal history. 

J. K. l)_\sart was reared mainl)- in Southern 
Iowa, to which section he came with his fa- 
ther's family when young. He spent some 
}-ears in the South Iowa Xormal School, but 
passed most of his youth in hustling to earq 
i his li\'ing. Jle l)egan by learning telegraphy 
at Brookl\ii, Iowa, Init engaged in the clothing 
business at the age of eighteen years. He 
was located for about three years at David 
City, Nebraska, and then at Grand Island, Ne- 
braska, where he was engaged in the clothing 
business for some years. He came to Ot- 
tumwa in May, 1889, and l)ecame identified 
with the Golden Eagle clothing store as a 
salesman ; it was owned by Samuel Stern, of 
Chicago. He embarked in his present busi- 
ness in Ottumwa se\en years ago, under the 
firm, name of the J. K. D}sart Clothing Com- 
pany. He was first located at Xo. 229 East 
Main street two years, was afterward in the 
Baker Building for some time, antl then he 
moved to his present location, fronting on 
I\Iain and Market streets — No. 203 ]\Iain street 
and No. 118 South Market street. He has 
increased his stock to twice its original size, 
and the business has grown far beyond expec- 
tations. The store is 130 feet deep, and is 




stocked with e\ervtliins' in the ciutiiing line, 
also w'ith hats. cai)s. trunks, valises and other 
lines. He employs from fnur to six clerks, 
anil they are kept exceedingly husy handling 
the trade. Mr. Dysart has tra\eled quite ex- 
lensi\ely, making several trips to Xew York 
City and also going west to Montana and 
Idaho, where he spent a summer. 

.Mr. Dysart was united in marriage at 
Bloomtield, Iowa, with Miss Corner, of Mis- 
souri, who was also reared in Southern Iowa, 
and they ha\e three children : Zella, aged 
twelve years; Helen: and James Julian. He a tine residence at Xo. 416 North Green 
street. In politics, though reared a Democrat, 
he now supports the Republican party. He i:; 
a member of the Sons of \^eterans, and is now 
a captain. He is also a member of the Royal 
Arcanum and the Ancient Order of United 
\\'orkmen. In religious \iews he and his fam- 
ilv are Methodists. 

K. A. O. WILLIAMS, whose portrait 
appears on the foregoing page, is one 
of the leading physicians and sur- 
geons of Ottumwa, Wapello county, 
Iowa. He was born in Nauvoo, Illinois, in 
1850, and is a son of A. O. and Minerva 
(Townsend) W'illiams. 

A. O. Williams, Sr., was born in Portage 
county, Ohio, in 1826. and was there reared 
and educated. The family moved to Nauvoo, 
Illinois, in 1849, 'i"'^' '^^ followed the trade of a 

druggist during his active career. I^jr the last 
twenty years of his life he lived in retirement at 
Helvidere. Illinois, where he died in iHijd. His 
widow, who was bi:rn in 18?;. is ninv residing 
at Marion, low a. They were parents of two 
children : A. O. ; and George T.. who resides 
at Ida Grove, Iowa. 

I Dr. .\. O. W'illiams attended the State Uni- 

versity of Iowa, and was graduated with the 
class of 1873. '^\'tb the degree of A. B. : during 
a part of his course he taught German to some 
extent. He then attended lectures in the med- 
ical department of the same institution, and, 
after graduating, in 1875, entered ui)on the 
practice of medicine, at Eldon, Iowa. He con- 
tinued there for one year, and then moved to 

i Ottumwa. where he has since been located. 

I His success was assured from the start, and he 
111 )\v has a large and profitable practice. He has 
been surgeon for the Chicago, Burlington & 
Quincy Railroad Company since 1885, f'"' tlie 
Chicago, Rock Island & Pacific Railway Com- 
pany since 1875. ^'i'' i* surgeon for the Ottum- 
wa Electric Street Railway Company. He is 
a member of the American Medical Associa- 
tion, the National Association of Raih^v Sur- 
geons, and the American .Academy of Medi- 

In 1880, Dr. \\'illiams was united in mar- 
riage with Nettie C. \\'arden, of Ottumwa, and 
they have three children : Bessie, Jeanette and 
Virginia. Fraternally, the Doctor is a mem- 
l)er of the Knights of Pythias, Benevolent and 
Protective Order of Elks and Motlern Wood- 
men of America. 



K11A1-:L SCMWARZ, one of the 
progressive business men of Ot- 
tiimwa, Iowa, is wholesale distrib- 
utor for the Leisy Brewing Com- 
pany, of Peoria, and runs a retail liquor store 
in ciiinicctiDU with that wnrk. being located at 
Xo. 336 North Main street. 

Mr. .Schwarz was born in Lorenz, Ger- 
many, in 1857, and was reared there. He 
came to .America in 1883, and located at Ot- 
tuniwa, Liwa, where for some years he worketi 
in the IIotYuian I'.rewcr}-. When the lircw- 
eries were closed through the prohibition acts, 
he engaged in business for himself, and has 
since been alone. For several years he has had 
the wholesale agency for the Leisy Brewing 
Company, of Peoria, having also handled 
Lemp's beer for a time. He employs from 
four to si.\ people in the establishment, and 
handles from 10 to 15 carloads per month. 
He has given the Intsiness a personal superin- 
tendence, and his affairs are in a thriving con- 
dition. He handles both bottled and keg beer 
and does a very large case business. Froni 
1892 to 1897 he was assisted in his luisiness by 
Fred Fenner, who died in 1H97. since which 
time Mrs. I'enner has occupied the ijusitimi of 
secretary, and has ably assisted in the business. 
Mr. Schwarz was united in marriage with 
Barbara Rainewald, who was reared at Keo- 
kuk, Iowa, and thev ha\e six children : Liz- 
zie : .\nnie: Clara: Xellie; Mamie; and Paul- 
ine. His home is on the corner of Fourth and 
College streets. In politics he is a stanch 
Democrat. He is a member of the Eagles. 

J. M.\DER, a well-known resident? 
of Ottumwa, Iowa, holds a very 
important position as an official of 
the United States government, being 
an inspector of live stock and meats at the 
great packing establishment of Jol'.n Morrell & 
Company, Limited. He was born in Hamilton 
county, Indiana, in 1840, and is a son of Jacob 

Jacob Mader, who was a nati\e of Ger- 
man}-, came to this country at an early age, and 
located in Indiana when he was twenty-seven 
years old. He engaged in farming there, and, 
being a miller by trade, operated a mill. He 
moved to Wapello county, Iowa, where he was 
engaged in farming until 1859, and then re- 
nioxed to Mahaska county, Iowa, where he 
died in 1875, ^^ ^^^c age of sixty-six years. 
His wife died in Kansas in 1887, at the age 
of seventy-eight years. They had one son and 
two daughters, as follows: A. J.: Lucinda 
(W'ray), of ]\Iahaska county, Iowa: and Ro- 
quett, who resides in Kansas. 

.\. J. Mader was reared in Indiana until he 
was thirteen years of age, and had very lim- 
ited school advantages. He has cared for 
hiniselt almost since childhood, ancl has 
worked himself up to a high station in the 
city in which he li\es. He first engaged in 
farming on his father's farm, and during his 
twentieth and twcnt\-first years worked out 
for other farmers at a salary of $9 per month. 
He engaged in this line of work until 1864, 
when he embarked in the live stock business. 
He made his headquarters in Ottumwa and 



bought and shipped stock to Chicago, con- 
tinuing in this business for a period of eleven 
years. In 1875 he commenced work as mil- 
ler in the starch factory when it was first estab- 
lished, and acted as such for four years. In 
1879 he became assistant miller in the plant ol 
Keiser & Pierson, continuing with that firm 
until 1891, in which year he was appointed 
chief of police of Ottumwa. He served one 
term in that capacity and then accepted his 
present position as inspector of live stock and 
meats at the packing- house of John Morrell & 
Company, Limited. He is associated in the 
oflice with Dr. Miller and John Payton. It i; 
a very important position, as all stock killed 
must first be inspected by them, and they then 
judge as to the quality of the meat sent out 
from the great establishment. 

j\Ir. Mader was united in marriage in Wa- 
pello comity, to Marion McCarthy ; she was 
born in Ohio, a daughter of William ]\IcCar- 
thy, and came here with her father when 
twelve years of age. Her mother now li\es in 
South Ottumwa, and her brothers and sisters, 
witli one exception, reside in this county. Mr. 
and Mrs. Mader have seven children : Fan- 
nie (Andrews), of Cedar Rapids, Iowa; John 
A., a shipping clerk in the packing house at 
Ottumwa; Norman, who is in the employ of 
Charles Graves, of Ottumwa; Lulu May; 
Alice; Mabel; and Worth. In politics, Mr. 
Mader is a Democrat. Fraternally, he was 
made a Mason at Fremont. Iowa, and now 
belongs to the blue lodge at Ottumwa. In 
religious views, he is liberal. A peculiarity 
of the Mader faniilv is that onlv one son of 

each generation has raised a family, as far 
back as can be traced. Mr. Mader resided on 
Court Hill a good many years, and now resides 
at No. 553 North Green street. 

W. CUMMINGS, one of the sub- 
stantial business men of Ottumwa, 
Iowa, first located in this city in 
1869, and is at the present time en- 
gaged in supplying ice to the citizens of Ot- 
tumwa, having the leading business of the kind. 
He was torn in Li\ingston county, New York, 
in i860, and is a son of John F. and Sarah 
(Welsh) Cummings. 

John F. Cummings, who is now seventy 
years of age, and lives in the west, followed 
farming in New York state for many years: 
upon coming to Ottumwa he engaged in team- 
ing, and engaged in the coal and wood busi- 



W. W. Cuniuiings was one and a half years 
old when his parents removed to Virginia. He 
was brought by them to Ottumwa, Iowa, July 
5, 1869, and here he spent his early years,. He 
evinced a liking for railroad grade-work and 
began contracting in 1876, his first work being 
at Beckwith, Iowa, on the Chicago, Burlington 
& Quincy Railroad, where he turned the first 
furrows. He later did contract grade-work 
on several different roads, and helped on the 
Den\er cut-off, between Holdredge and Ox- 
ford, Nebraska. He handled large gangs of 
men. and followed that line ot luisiness until 
1890, in different states. He then entered the 



ice business, and has since made his home at 
Ottuniwa. lie started in this business with one 
team; lie has buih up a custom wliicli requires 
the use of five teams, and lias the principal trade 
of tlie city. In the winter, lie eniploxs Inmi 
60 to 75 men and 10 teams, in putting up ice, 
and in the summer, 1 1 men and live teams. He 
built a fine ice house with a capacity of 5,000 
to 6,000 tons, and has it well arranged and 
equipi)ed. He has put in a lO-horse power en- 
gine for hoisting ice from the ri\er by means 
of endless chains, — thus saving expense and 
time. He has also built an excellent barn for 
his teams. Mr. Cummings owns fnur dwelling 
houses in South Ottumwa. which he rents, and 
also a large block on Church street. In 1901, 
Mr. Cummings ])urchased the Paul Emelang 
residence, on the corner of Ward and Division 
streets, which he has greatly imiirnved, and it 
will be his home after Xoveniber t, 1901. Mr. 
Cummings does considerable farming, and 
raises corn and grain for feed. He is wholly 
self made, and has always Ijeen an excellent 
business manager. He is a man of pleasing 
personality, and has many friends throughout 
this \icinit\-. 

Mr. t'umniings was united in marriage, at 
Ottumwa, with Molly Jeffries, a daughter of 
r>. W. Jeffries, an early resident of this city. 
She was born in the home where her Ijusband 
now li\'es, and was one of five sisters, namely : 
Mrs. Luella Finley: Mrs. S. P. Crips: Airs. W. 
S. Crips; Mrs. G. W. Hatch: and Mrs. C'um- 
mings. Three children blessed this union, as 
follows : Halla W., aged thirteen years ; Bir- 
dena F., aged seven years; and Anna L., aged 

two years. In politics, Mr. Cummings is a 
strong Republican. Fraternally, he is a mem- 
ber of the Indei)endent Order of Odd Fellows, 
and has ser\ed through all the chairs. He is a 
Mciliiidist in religious views. 

* '♦ 


LE\', a well known resident of Ot- 

luniwa, Iowa, was born Januar\- 12. 

1S47, at Terre Haute, Indiana, and is 

a son of J. J. and Eliza (.Vrnold) Hamers- 


J. J. Hamersley, who was Ixirii at Zanes- 
\ille, Ohio, went as a \oung man to Ken- 
tucky, and was married at Louisville. He had 
seven brothers, all of whom served in the army 
during the Ci\il war. He followed milling 
as a business during his entire life, building 
se\eral mills in Iowa, one of which was in 
Ringgold county. He came to Wapello county 
ir. 1847, ^\'hen the subject hereof was an in- 
fant, and afterward moved to Agency City, 
where he died January 20, 1861, at the age 
of sixty-fi\-e years. Politically, he was a strong 
Republican. His wife's family, the yVrnolds, 
located in Missouri during the early days, and 
three-cpiarters of them participated in the Civil 
war, on the side of the South. She died June 
22, 1896, at Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, at 
the age of sixty-eight years. Mr. and I\Irs. 
Hamersley were the parents of the follow'- 
ing children: Thomas Jefferson; Cynthia, 
wife of M. M. .\lbertson, residing in Central 
•Addition, Ottumwa : Jane, who was the wife of 




A. L. Dickerson, and died twcnty-fnc xxars 
as'o; Sarali. wife of G. W . Walker, cif Ottum- 
\\:i\ Alary l'".llen, wild dic<l tliirtN-eis^lit vears 
ago at Lancaster, Missouri: C H. ; and W. I-.. 
a stone-mason, residing in Ottuniwa. 

Thomas J. Hamersley learned his trade, 
that of Ijoiler-making. at an early age. serving 
an apprenticeship with I'eter 1 lershaw . who 
conducted a shop in Ottuniwa. 1 le liel])ed hiiild 
the iirst boiler niatle in ()ttum\\a, and for a 
time worked in the shops of Drake & Spivey. 
He entered the employ of the Chicago, Bur- 
lington & Ouinc\' ]\ailroad Conipanw in 1S79, 
as l)oiler-makcr. at the Ottuniwa ruundhouse. 
He was foreman of the repair gang and had 
charge of the shops some four or live vears. 
He continued with this com])any until the 
.-trike of 1S96, when he went to work in the 
slio])s of the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul 
Railway Company. For the past ten years he 
has done a large amount of contract work in 
the employ of that road, and also at the plant 
of the Fair-Williams Company, of Ottuniwa. 
He is a mechanic of great skill and has ])een 
very successful in his work. 

Mr. Hamcrsley was united in marriage 
with Ida L. \'est. who was iiorn at Boone. 
Iowa, forty-two years ago, and is a daughter 
of J. J. \'est. who has lived here since 1865. 
She is one of several children, namely : .Ada 
Louise, wife of Stephen McBride, a lilacksmith 
of South Ottuniwa: AHce. wife of Captain 
Ogle, who is now with a Xehraska regiment 
in the Pliilippines : Charles, who is a stock- 
man of Plum Creek, Xehra.ska: William, de- 
•ceased, a former partner of Charles : James 

William; C. B. ; Thomas N. ; and .\. L., 
and James, a stone-mason of Ottuniwa. Mr. 
llaniersley and Ins wife are the parents of 
lour children: James William, aged twenty- 
lliree years, is a boiler-maker by trade, and is 
now in the employ of the Chicago, Milwaukee 
& St. Paul Railway Company: he married 
Stella Ross, of Laddsdale. Iowa, and resides in 
South Ottuniwa. C. B.. aged twenty years, i.i 
alsf) a boiler-maker and wdrks with his fa- 
ther: he married Cora Ross, and resides at 
the home of his father, the two brothers hav- 
ing had a double wedding Thomas X. and 
.V. L. are .serving their time as boiler-maker 
apprentices. Mr. Hamcrsley has spent a 
great deal of his time in looking up and gath- 
ering curios fioni the Des M, lines River and 
\iciiiily. and has a \erv fine collection. 

EORGE D. LOTTRIDGE, one of the 
pioneer settlers of Center township, 
Wai)elIo county. Iowa, whose por- 
trait is shown on the opposite jiage, 
was born in Athens county. Ohio, .April 23. 
183S. and is a son of Thomas and Catherine 
(l)oiiahugh) Lottridge, and a grand.son of 
I'.ernanlus B. and .Abigail (Bull) Lottridge. 

Bernardus B. Lottridge was lx>rn in New 
\'ork. He went from tliere to Athens county, 
Ohio, and was one of the first settlers in that 
part of Ohio. He entered some land and built 
a rude log cabin, which had no door. He had 
one l)ed. and a trundle bed. in which the chil- 
dren slept. At one side of the room was an 



old-fashioned fire-place; one night a i)anther 
entered the room, and after lying down at the 
fire-place for a short time, got up, walked over 
to the trundle bed and. after sniffing at the 
sleeping children, started to leave the room. 
By. this time, Mr. Lottridge was thoroughly 
awakened, and snatching a firebrand, he hurled 
it at the panther's head. The aim was not 
amiss, and the panther, with a howl of rage, 
leaped from the room, and out into the dark- 
ness of the night. I\Ir. Lottridge married Abi- 
gail Rull, and l)nth died in Athens county, Ohio, 
in the early "forties." 

Thomas Lottridge was born in Carthage 
township. Athens county, Ohio. He was reared 
on his father's f.nrni. He remoxxd tO' Hocking 
county, and located near Logan, where he com- 
menced farming for himself. In 1855. he re- 
moved to Polk townshi]>, ^^'apello county, 
Iowa, where he had entered a farm, in 1849, 
and there he spent the remainder of his days. 
His death took place in 1880. He married 
Catherine Donahugh. To them were born the 
following children: Esther (Green) of Mis- 
souri ; Leander, who died in Center township 
in 1893 ; George D., the subject of this sketch ; 
William, who was in the government service as 
a wagon master, and died at Nebraska City, 
while freighting across the plains; John, who 
is a railroad man; B. B.. who died in June. 
1901 ; Eliza (Barrows), of Missouri: and W. 
D., of Otlumwa, who is engaged in a meat 
market. ■ 

George D. Lottridge was reared and 
schfxiled in Athens and Hocking counties, 
Ohio. When he was seventeen vears old, his 

parents removed to Wapello county, where he 
learned the trade of a carpenter. This he fol- 
lowed, in connection with farming, all his life. 
In .Ai)ril, 1861, he enlisted in an Iowa regiment, 
hut as this was the first call for volunteers, the 
regiment w;is full. ;uid he was obliged to wait 
for the second call, when he enlisted for three 
years in Company K. Second Regiment Iowa 
Volunteer Infantry, at Keokuk, Iowa. He was 
in the Army of the Tennessee, and took part 
in the battles of Shilnh. Donelson, and other 
engagements u]) ti> the evacuation of Corinth. 
He also served three months in the Invalid 
Corps, and had some \'er)' narrow escapes dur- 
ing his career as a soldier. He was mustered 
out at ])a\-enport. Iowa, in June, 1864, after 
which he retm-ned to Ottumwa. 

Mr. Lottridge bought a farm of forty-one 
acres, in Center township, in 1S73. There he 

1 has carried on fanning ever since. He has 
been engaged in raising poultry, and has also 
been inta^ested in bee culture. He is a con- 

j scientious fanner, and is identified with all the 

j prominent enterprises which have lieen under- 

I taken in Wapello county. 

Mr. Lottridge was united in mai'riage with 
Josephine Dunkle. in Columbia township, in 
1866. She was born in Ohio and was a daugh- 
ter of Benjamin and Rachel Dunkle. They 
were natives of Vinton comity, Ohio, and set- 
tled in Columbia township, Wa|>ello county, 
Ti>wa. and later mr>\-ed to Blue Springs, Ne- 
braska, where the mother died. May 9, 1901. 
The father still lives in Nebraska. Mr. and 
Mrs. Lottridge have been the parents of nine 
children, namely: Anna (Roljerts), of Wood- 



burn, Oregon ; Pliiletta, who married J. Stan- 
cer, of Ottumwa; Sarah (Baucus), of Ottum- 
wa; George; Thomas; Charles; Bertha May, 
wife of W. II. Israel, of Des Moines, Iowa; 
Lillian M. ; and Maurice. 

Mr. Lottridge is a Republican, in politics, 
and takes an active interest in local politics. 
He served as trustee of his township for a 
period of twelve years. He has been a member 
of Cloutman Post, Xo. 69, G. A. R., of Ottum- 
wa. He is a memljer of the Alethodist church 
on W'illard street, in South Ottumwa. There 
is no man in Wai)ello county who is held in 
higher esteem than Mr. Lottridge, and his 
friends in the county are legion. 

^BERT PORTER, who has been lo- 
cated at Ottumwa, Iowa, since 1857, 
is a member of the firm ,of Porter 
Brothers & Hackworth, wholesale and 
retail harness dealers, who manufacture their 
own goods. Tiiis establishment is one of the 
oldest business houses in the city, and is in ex- 
cellent financial condition, 

Mr. Porter was born near Connellsx ille. 
Fayette county, Pennsylvania, in 1834, and at 
the age of twenty years had completed his ap- 
prenticeship as a harnessmaker. He then went 
to Virginia, where he spent three years prior to 
locating in Ottumwa. Here he followed his 
trade in the employ of different i)arties, and in 
1859 started a retail store for himself on the 
second lot east of his present location. Some 
vears later, he located on the corner of Main 

and Market streets, where the Ottumwa Na- 
tional Bank now stands. His establishment 
was burned in 1867, and in 1868 he erected his 
present building at No. 104 East Main street; 
it is 140 by 125 feet, in dimensions, consists of 
three stories and basement, and was one of the 
first buildings of brick built in the city. The 
firm did business under the style of Cope & 
Porter, and was dissolved in 1872. The firm 
of Porter Brothers & Hackworth was then 
formed, with Robert Porter as manager. They 
I manufacture harness and make a specialty of 
collars (on which Mr. Porter has a valuable 
patent) — ])articularly, liigh grade buggy har- 
ness collars, some run in price as high as $65 
per pair. From 25 to 40 men work in the plant 
and four traveling representatives are em- 
ployed, co\ering a large territory, including 
Oklahoma, Missouri, Kansas, Colorado, Ne- 
braska, the r^akotas, Minnesota, Wisconsin, 
Michigan, Illinois, Indiana, and Iowa. Mr. 
Porter has also shipped some patent collars to 
Alaska. He has several other valuable patents 
on harness, and the firm carries by far the 
heaviest stock of any firm in the county, rang- 
ing from $100,000 to $185,000. Mr. Porter 
also has a medicine which he guarantees as a 
positive cure for diabetes, or kidney trouble. 
It has had an extensive sale, and first-class testi- 
monials have been received from over all the 

Mr. Porter was united in marriage with 
Mary J. Hackworth. and they have five chil- 
dren : Clarence, who is in the store, married 
Miss Smith, and has two children; George E., 
who travels, married Miss Kirkpatrick, a 



daughter of Samuel Kirkiiatrick : Lettie M. : 
Edith S., and Worth. Politically, Mr. Porter 
is a Republican. He is a member of the 
Metliodist J'Lpiscopal church. He ha.s a very 
pleasant home at Xo. 506 West Fifth street. 

L. KIX(; is su[)erinten(lent of the 
King Horseshoeing Company and 
is engaged in developing and i)er- 
fecting a cushion horseshoe, which 
bids fair to revolutionize the horseshoe busi- 
ness. He has followed tliis line of work all 
his life, and has met with much success. He 
was born in Wales. April 20. 1861. and is a 
son of J. L. and Ann King, who at the time 
of his birth resided in a town called Black 
Woods, in Wales. 

J. L. King came to this country and lo- 
cated at Peoria. Illiudis. where he entered the 
boot and shoe business in 18G6. He later en- 
gaged in the manufacture of shoes and em- 
ployed some 15 or 20 workmen. Owing to 
failjng health, however, he removed to Fair- 
held, Iowa, in 1880, where he also conducted 
a l)fx)t and shoe business for several years. 
In 1887, while on a visit to Benkleman, Ne- 
braska, he was taken sick and died at the age 
of sixty-seven years. He was a Republican 
m politics, and served in some minor offices, 
such as justice of the peace. His widow now 
resides at Peoria. Illinois. They reared twd 
sons, George L., a business man of Benkelman, 

Nebraska: and W. L.. the subject of this bi- 

W. L. King attended tlu schools of Peoria 
and helped his father some in the shop, and at 
the age of fifteen years left home and .spent 
scjnie years in tra\el. He had learned the 
])lacksmith and horseshoeing trade when ver\' 
_\oung, and as a journeyman fcjllowed it dur- 
ing his traxels. which extended over a large 
numlier of the Western States. At Florence, 
Nebraska, he had charge of a shop 
in railroad uurk, f(jr one \ear. but ow- 
ing to an accident, which did not re- 
sult in any serious injury to him, he started 
for home. The train on uhicli he was a pas- 
senger was wrecked at Agency. Wapello coun- 
t\-, Iowa, causing a long dela}-. so he rode to 
Ottumwa on a switch engine. He arrived here 
at 10 o'clock in the morning, liegan work at 
noon, and has since made his home in this 
city. He first worked for Keister & Bowers, 
and later, for Mr. Keister in his sho]) near the 
river. For the past ten or twelve years, he 
has been engaged in business for himself. He 
first opened a shop where the Y. M. C. A. 
l)uilding now stands, on Second street, and 
was in partnership with ^\'. .\. Welk for two 
years. He next opened a shoeing shop on 
Green street, from which he moved to the 
corner of Alain ami Wapello streets, where 
he bought the shop of Henry \\'illiams. After 
conducting this establishment abiiut a year, he 
was burned out and purchased another shop 
in the vicinity, which he soon after sold to 
Charles Aldrich, and quit the business for a 



time. He next had charge of the Behnont 
shoeing shop for several years, after wliicli lie 
moved to liis present location at 219 South 
lefferson street. Since 1895, he has worked 
liard in devising and perfecting a cushion 
horseshoe, and some months since organized a 
company under the name of the King Horse- 
slioeing Company, to dexelop the inxentiim. 
It is well covered with patents and, \\hcn com- 
pletely develojjed and pro\ided with noiseless 
corks, bids fair to revolutionize horseshoeing. 
He has also a patent material to be used for 
cnrks which will be mure serviceal)le and less 
exi>eiisive than rubber. The shop, 66 by 24 
feet in dimensions, is built of brick. Mv. King 
has expended much time and labor on this in- 
vention, and feels that success will reward his 
efforts in the near future. It is a very ingen- 
ious device, the felt padding fitting the grooves 
in tlie shoe, and coming in direct contact 
witli the hoof, thus forming a cushion and pre- 
venting horses from becoming footsore or be- 
ing troubled with corns. The officers of the 
company are Dr. L. J- Baker, president; Dr. 
M. Bannister, treasurer: R. E. Hull, secretary; 
and W. L. King, superintendent. 

Mr. King was united in marriage with 
Elizabeth Johnson, who was born in W'apello 
county, Iowa, and is a daughter of \\'illiam 
and Hannah John.son. They are the parents 
of three children: John L., Clarence L. and 
Lucy. Fraternally, ilr. King is a member 
of tlie Woodmen of the W'brld. and the 
Knights of the Maccabees. Religiously, he is 
n member of the Methodist Episcopal church. 

E. FORD, who comes of a promi- 
nent old family of Wapello county, 
Iowa, is engaged in the harness-mak- 
ing business at Ottumwa, in partner- 
ship with W. H. Boston. He was born in this 
county, November 19, 1850, and is a son of 
John and Hannah (Leonard) Ford. 

John Ford was born in Onondaga county. 
New York, August 30, 181 7, and was a son of 
Ephraim Ford. The latter was born in 1779 
and was of Scotch parentage. He was a farm- 
er by occupation and followed that calling all 
his life, acquiring a fine estate which he wrested 
fn mi an unbroken wilderness. He died Febru- 
ary 17, 1 83 1, and his widow died in July of the 
same year. In 18 10, he was united in marriage 
with Jane L)ons in Onondaga county. 
New York. She was of Dutch extraction 
and was born in New York state, in 
1783. Thev reared and schooled the fol- 
lowing children: Martha, who married 
Morgan Huelett; Lucinda. wife of Wyman 
Huelett ; Ephraim, who married Lucinda Rich, 
all of New York state ; John, father of C. E. ; 
Jeremiah, who died at the age of eleven years ; 
Betsey, wife of Charles Bishop, of New York 
state ; Harley, \Vho married Catherine Bennett, 
of Michigan; Merritt. who married Margaret 
McNett, of Iowa ; and Juliet, who married Syl- 
vester Warner and lived near Ottumwa, Iowa. 
In political views, Ephraim Ford was a Jeffer- 
sonian Democrat; he cast his first vote in 1808, 
and his last for Jackson, in 1828. 

John Ford, father of C. E., received a com- 
mon school education in the old log school- 



houses characteristic of that period. In 183 1 
he moved with his family to Cattaraugus coun- 
ty, New York, on what was called the "New 
Holland Purchase." The father died on Feb- 
ruary 17, and tlie mother in July, shortly after 
locating there, leaving a large family of or- 
phans, only one of the children being married. 
John Ford was fourteen years of age when his 
parents died and he went to live with a gentle- 
man bv tiie name of Jonathan Palmer, with 
whom he remained for about six years. He 
was treated with kindly consideration by this 
family, but, realizing the inability of his em- 
ployer to pa}- him the $100 agreed upon, when 
he should become of age, he left before it fell 
due. At the age of twenty years he began work- 
ing at the blacksmith trade, and followed it 
from spring until the following January. In 
1837 occurred the McKinzie trouble in Can- 
ada. A man bearing that name, with his 
friends and followers, took possession of Navy 
Island, and the subsequent proceedings are a 
matter of history. Colonel Applegate, of Buf- 
falo, who owned a small steamer, the "Cam- 
line," took a few sight-seers down to the Island, 
tying up at Slusher for the night. That night 
a British officer named McCloud and a few 
soldiers came over from Canada and killed all 
on board the steamer, which they set on fire and 
sent over the Falls. This inhuman act created 
tremendous excitement, and many volunteered 
to take up arms against the perpetrators of the 
crime. About the last of December, about two 
thousand men gathered on the Island, equipped 
with 30 brass cannons, and among this number 
was Mr. Ford. After being there two weeks. 

they disbanded with the declared intention of 
joining a gathering near Detroit. Mr. Ford 
became a member of what was called the 
Marching Rifle Company, composed of 150 
men, which took possession of Point Pelee 
Island, a Canadian possession, seven miles from 
their shore. They were there about five days 
when General McKnat sent over 1,500 soldiers 
to effect their capture. They arrived early one 
Sunday morning, and the force were divided, 
half of it swinging to the north end of the 
Island and the remainder being stationed 60 
rods from shore to prevent escape to Cunning- 
ham Island, which l^elonged to the United 
States. The Marching Rifle Com])aiiy had only 
12 rounds of ammunition. Init every man was 
spoiling for a fight. They marched out in a 
long line, being placed some three feet apart, 
and when j^ or 100 yards away, the enemy 
opened lire on them. Dropping on one knee, 
the company fired their 12 rounds with amazing 
rapidity and accuracy, and while the fight was 
in progress the baggage was taken away, .\ftcr 
the ammunition had given nut they l)eat a hasty 
retreat to the point of the Island, narrowly 
missing the other half of the enemy's forces. 
They were not followed in their retreat, as the 
opposing force had received a severe Ijlow , and 
presuniahh- l)ecause thev thought the Ameri- 
cans would l)e reinforced. Ele\en f)f the lira\e 
members of the company, including Major 
Hoadley and Captain Van Rensselaer, gave up 
their lives in the fight, while the encniv, as after- 
wards a.scertained, lost 100 in killcil. \ cir- 
cuitous route was pursued back to the peninsula 
opposite Sandusky City, where the Marching 



Rifle Company was disbanded. Jolin Furd, ac- 
comi>anied by James Scott, went to Michigan, 
and liirctl to James Stewart, who was running 
a country dry goods store in connection with a 
large farm in Hillsdale county. He was to re- 
ceive $15 per month for his work on the farm, 
and at the expirdtion of six months $80 was 
due him. There was no money with which to 
pay him but "red-dog" or "wildcat" money, [ 
which was good only in that state. He and an- ; 
t>ther young man wished to go to Elkhart, In- 1 
diana. so the best thing to do was to spend the 
money for clothing. He purchased a suit, hat, 
b(x>ts, and underwear and started with .$78.00 
worth of clothing on him. He and Derial j 
Brown, who had relatives in Elkhart, started 
for that cit_\- Octol)er i, at two o'clock in the 
morning, from a point se\en miles east of 
Jonesville, and arrived at \\'hite Pigeon about 
six o'clock P. M., having walked a distance of 
52 miles. They stopped at a hotel, paying 
therefor in "sandstone" money. 

Upon arriving at Elkhart, Mr. Ford hired 
out on a farm at $12.50 per month, and lived 
at Elkhart and in the vicinitv until the fall of 
1842, doing farming and job work during 
warm weather, and chopping in winter time. 
He formed an acfpiaiutance with James Comp- 
ton, whose son James was studying medicine 
with a Dr. Miles at Farmington, Van Buren 
county, Iowa. He wished to go to Iowa and 
see his son and Mr. Ford wished to view the 
"New Purchase." 

Rigging up a team and a light, covered 
wagon, they started for Iowa in Octoljer, 1842, 
and arrived at Farmington, on the Des Jiloines 

River, just fourteen days later. Dr. James 
Compton, Jr., wished to take a claim in the 
"New Purchase," and the three men established 
headquarters at Bonaparte, where they sold 
the team, as there were no roads and it could 
not be used. The United States government 
was to pay $1,000,000 to the Indians for the 
right and title to this land, and in the contract 
the Indians were given the right to remain until 
the fall of 1843; ^^^ l-li^ white settlers took 
possession May i, 1843. '^s the Indians were 
too shiftless and lazy to hunt, they as well as 
the white men had to depend upon the Old 
Purchase for provisions. ^Ir. Ford and his 
companions concluded to build a keel-lx>at, 
load it with provisions for themselves, and 
' others who wished to buy, as there remained 
fne months before the opening. The boat con- 
structed was 36 feet long and eight feet in the 
bulge, having a capacity of about 10 tons. Mr. 
Ford established a claim, in April, two and a 
hall miles above the present cit_\- of Ottumwa, 
in a timber bottom on the south bank of the 
Des Moines River, James Compton, Sr., tak- 
ing the claim adjoining on the west, and Dr. 
Compton, the claim that afterwards became 
the John Overman farm. He built a cabin 
and had it completed by the first of May, then 
blazed and staked out the claim, as the law re- 
(|uired. He then with his companions built a 
raft and returned to the starting point, loading 
tlie boat with 25 barrels of flour, 40 bushels of 
corn-meal, 1,000 pounds of bacon, two caddies 
of tobacco, and a few bolts of prints. They 
started for the new Eldorado with cleated run- 
ning boards and two poles, on each side. They 



crept up tlie river at the rate of from 15 to 20 
miles i>er day, and at a little town called Phila- 
delphia took on Paul C. Jeffries and his family, 
landing them at the mouth of Sugar Creek, at 
the Ewing trading post. Mr. Jeffries after- 
wards became the proprietor of the property 
included in the original site of Ottumwa. The 
main channel of the river then ran on the sovith 
side of Appanoose Island, there being only nar- 
row rapids where the main channel is now. 
The place where Ottumwa now stands was a 
scattered timber tract with a wilderness of 
undergrowth and grass, and it looked like any- 
thing but a town site. The Ixtat was landed at 
]\Ir. JMM-d's cabin on May 24. and by June i. 
everything was in good order. Where the 
cabin was located, the Indians had for years 
had their winter camping ground, anil had cut 
down most of the small limber on a few acres, 
to browse their ponies, and it was only neces- 
sary to burn off the underbrush and deaden the 
large trees, to plant a crop. After June i, Mr. 
Foi'd cleared about two acres, unassisted, and 
then made r.-iils and fenced the l;ind. which he 
planted to corn. Dr. Conii)ton had broken five 
acres of his claim, but had to go to Elkhart, 
Indiana, on business, and lost his claim. The 
Indians, l>eing more munero^ls than the whites 
at that lime, were Mr. Ford"s l)est custnmers, 
and came in crowds for provisions. Chief Ap- 
pan(K>se and two of Black Hawk's nephews 
also came; they were large, dark Indians, six 
feet three inches tall. One day in July, two 
Indians came to the cabin, ha\'ing come down 
the river in a bark canoe, which they presented 
to Mr. Ford, as they wished to join those in 

camp. One of them had 10 or 12 scalps tied to 
his belt, two of these being exceedingly fresh, 
and looking as if they had been "lifted" within 
a week. Thev had been at war with the Sioux 
tribe for }ears, but were not strong enough to 
seek a general battle, and so killed each other 
as the opportunity was offered. The Indians 
had a strange and novel mode of burial. The 
dead was buried close to the surface of the 

j ground, in which [jickels were stuck about the 
gra\'e. and tied together at the top b_\' grape 
vines. The chiefs and braves had a post placed 
at the head of the graves, with rings painted 

I aroiuKl it, each ring to tlenote a man killed, 
in coming u]) the river. Mr. Ford saw a dead 

i Indian in a sitting posture between the roots 
of a Cottonwood tree, apparently looking out 
over the ri\er. In another instance, a child 
was put into a trough, a lid being tied on with 
bark, and ]ilaced in a tree about 30 feet from 
the ground. Hundreds were Iniried where the 
town of Richmond now stands, and many on 
the river near Mr. Ford's claim, at a point on 
Picar Creek, near the 0\enuan i)lace. After 
the llood of 185 1, ^Ir. Ford found 10 skulls 
that had been washed on his claiiu and lodged 
in a drift. He picked up a jaw and thigh bone, 
which nnist have belonged to a giant equal in 
size to one of those mentioned in the Scrip- 
tures, lie could easily slip the jaw-bone over 
his own. the inside measuring more than the 
outvside of his jaw. The thigh-bone, from hip 
to knee, was three or four inches longer than 
that of an ordinar_\- large man. Mr. Ford has 
also found many interesting Indian curios, 
one of which, a medal about the size of a 



saucer and as tliick as a silver (Tullar, was 
])l()\vc(l up. 'I'lie fissure of a hear was carved 
nil it. :u\i\ it was made of a metal which, when 
luhhcd. hccamc as hrioht as silver. ( iamc of 
most kinds was \erv plentiful, inclnditig' deer, 
turkeys, chickens, timher and prairie woK'es. 
wild cats and, now and then, a panther. Mr. 
h'ord's dot;', at one time, struck the trail ol 
three wild cats, and he folldwcd them up and 
sliot all of them. Like the hlack hear, they 
could he treed hy any doj;-. althousjh they could 
have killed the dot;' without an effort. Mr. 
C"ompton"s health Ijegan to fail in the sum- 
mer, and h\' {_)cloher he was unahle to dn ;niy 
Work on his claim, which he tmaied o\-er to 
jink N'assar. the owner of tlie present site of 
Richmond. Mr. Vassar took .Mr. C<>m])ton 
on ( )ctoher 10 to Farmin.ujto.n. Towa. and 
])laced him with :i nephew lixinj;' there, in or- 
iler that he might gel helter medical attention, 
hut it pro\-ed of no a\;iil. ;ind he dii-d the fol- 
lowing winter. 

There was nothing of advantage to he 
dune during the winter, and heing left alone, 
without a relative and hut few acquaintances. 
Mr. h'ord concluded to go down to the "Old 
Purchase."' and therefore sold his things. The 
corn, raised on the ground wliich he had 
cleared and fenced, was estimated at 89 Inish- 
cls. and was sold to .Mr. C'uppy. of Keokuk 
Prairie. The remainder of the ])roperty was 
sold to >[r. N'assar. to he i)aid for in cattle that 
were to he wintered hy him. .Mr. I'ord went 
to Van Buren couiUv. and. falling in with some 
acquaintances who were going down the Mis- 
sissippi Ri\er to chop wood, accompanied 


them. lie went 25 miles Ijelow the mouth of 
the Arkansas River, chopped 100 curds of 
wood at r>5 cents per cord, and ]Kiid $1.50 per 
week for hoard, lie came up to I>t. Louis in 
Fehruary. and hoarded two weeks at the Old 
Dominion House for 7,jy2 cents per day, in- 
cluding three meals and lodging. He retiu^ned 
to his claim in .March. 1S44. I'armed it that 
summer and \c'\ some cattle and hogs through 
the winter, lie hecame tired of li\ing alone, 
and in the spring of 1S45 rented the place and 
started in .Xiiril on hor.seback fen" Michigan, 
where his four sisters resided. His three broth- 
ers li\cil in t'attaraugirs count}-. Xew \'ork, 
and after a visit with his sisters, he left liis 
horse in pasture and proceeded to visit his 
hrothers. He went as far as Ihiffalo Ijy boat, 
and visited in that state until September. Hi.s 
married brother dis])osed of his farm in order 
to remove to Jowa. also, and they took a steam- 
I er at Buffalo, and had one horse and wagon 
' with them. The horse of John Ford completed 
the team, and they started for Iowa, accom- 
'■ panicd hy a sister. Mrs. Bishop, her husband, 
I and another sister. Juliet, llarley. the youngest 
I brother, having remained in Michigan. It wa* 
a light-hearted and happy party that matlc their 
' way ti^ the new home, where they arrived with- 
out accident. The only reception the}' got was 
j from a large Hock of wild turkeys which had 
I possession of the corn lield around the cabin. 
! Mr. Ford's brother and brother-in-law pro- 
cured claims, on which they built during the 
winter, and in the spring moved into their 
j houses. The youngest sister kept house for 
him .ind his }ounge,st brother. In the spring 



vi iS4() I'aul C. Jeffries got a contract from 
the ,<^o\ernnKin to sectioiialize live townships 
in tlie eastern part of Wapello county, antl his 
assistants were Judge Uriah 13iggs, surveyor; 
C F. Blake and John Ford, chainmen; James 
La Force, cook; and 1!. W. Jeffries, camp 
mover and roustalxjut. They worked l(!gethcr 
without a hitch, and the season was well ad- 
vanced w hen they got through. Mr. Ford mar- 
ried llaiuiah Leonar<l. daughter of Charles 
Leonard. (;n Xoxemher 8, 1846, and his sister 
jr.licl niarrifd SyKester Warner, on the da_v 
ti llowing. His wife was born in I'ickaway 
county. Ohio, her father having moved to Indi- 
ana when she was hut two years old. Charles 
Lei nard located eight miles south of Lafayette, 
where he afterward acquired a large farm, and 
was quite wealthy f<:r those days. He reared 
a numerous family, and several of his children 
also came to the "Xew Purchase" and estab- 
lished homes. 

In the spring of 1850, John Ford built a 
house on the river bottom, 32x30 feet in size, 
and one and one-half stories Aigh, and this 
was nearly destroyed by the flood of 185 1 . The 
river ovcrrun.ning its banks, crossed the helds, 
and when it reached the door Mr. I'ord and his 
laniily got (;ut in a canoe. The water was run- 
ning like a mill tide, and the canoe was at anv 
nil nicnt liable to strike a stump and upset, so 
he gi t cut and waded, or swam, backing the 
boat down tc. eddy-water. Me was unable to 
do any work on his farm until Julv 10. In 
building, he had left an eight-foot madwav 
;m(l an So-foot front yard, and when the water 
went d(-wn he could step from the front vard 

into the river, the house being jammed on the 
cellar wall. 'J"he clhnme_\- was kncx'ked down, 
and the cabin and smoke-house were carried 
off and landed in the bottom. It was a 24- 
foot, and the ri\er has never been within 
three feet (^f that point since. There was a high 
ridge about a (juarter of a mile back from the 
river, and, while his family was living with 
neighbors, he cleared this ridge and planted 
a garden. He then h.ewed out a set of house- 
logs, built a house, and mo\-ed his family into 
it before the water left the bottom. About Jul\' 
10, he dug rails enough out of the mud and 
drift to make three strings of fence, planted 
10 acres of corn, and sowed buckwheat and tur- 
nips. Fie raise<l a fine li:t of fodder with niil)- 
bin corn. 3ft bushels of Ijuckwheat. and 100 
btishels of turnips. He foimd enough lead 
bullets, etc., to start a junk shoj), and also 
many trinkets and curios. The carpenters took 
the frame house in the bottimi apart and rebuilt 
it on the ridge. In the fall of 1859, Mr. Ford 
bought a 36-horse power stationary sawmill 
and commenced sawing early in 1860. Fie got 
a road located on the north side of the ri\er, 
following the stream to the mouth of Cald- 
well Branch, and connecting with .Second street 
at the Caldwell place. He built a cable ferry 
boat and conducted it during the summer of 
i860; he then sold it. and it was operated until 
the water dams were built, thus destroying the 

j current and forcing the water o\'er the bottom lie operated the mill in connection with 
the farm until i8r.(j, and had a house built in 
the city. The timber here Ijecame too scarce 

I for mill purposes, :uid learning that the Wa- 



basil Railroad Company was going to build ma- 
chine shops at ^[ul)c^ly, Missouri, he went 
there, bought a portable mill, and began saw- 
ing in January, 1870. He operated the mill 
al}<nu four years, and built and owned the 
dwelling houses in Aloberly. He sold the mill 
in the spring of iiS75 and returned to Ottumwa. 
In the meantime his farm iiad been rented, and 
in 1875 '^<^ traded it for city property. He 
purchased a small stock of groceries in order 
to set his son, Charles E., up in business. He 
subscribed ?250 to the North Missouri Rail- 
road Company, and then was \dted out of an- 
ctiier $100. He gave the water company $100. 
Tiie companv commenced operations in the 
spring of 1875, and l)oanl houses .sprang up, 
and mauy men came on with single and dnible 
teams. Rain commenced and continued all 
sunuiier. The boarding-house proprietors and 
others began to get i)rovisii>ns at tlie grocery 
store, agreeing to pay as soon as the rain 
stopped and tliey could get to work. .\s it did 
not stop, Mr. Ford lost very heavily, being 
oljliged to take ortlers on the water company 
to the extent of $600. whicli were worthless. 
To make matters worse, two of his houses in 
Molierly were burned five days after the insur- 
ance iiad run out, entailing a loss of over 

John Ford cast his first political \iitc for 
\'an lUiren, in 1840. and has since been a 
Democrat. He was a justice of the peace for 
sixteen years, and has hekl a number of posi- 
tif>ns of trust, such as road sui)er\isor and ad- 
n'>inistrator, and has oflficiated in locating roads 
and valuing and settling estates. He was presi- 

dent of the board of school directors for eight 
or nine years, while the sub-districts were build- 
ing their schools. After moving to the city, he 
was made townshij) assessor in 1879, and held 
that ol'tice live years. He was then elected city 
assessor, in which capacity he served three 
years. He began to be alllicted with rheuma- 
tism, was compelled to quit work, and has done 
little labor since then, except chores, being en- 
gaged in looking after his property. His son, 
Walter H.. is living with his parents, and at- 
tending to their wants in their declining vears. 
LoMige\ity characterizes the family. 'J'he grand- 
mother on his mother's side lived to reach the 
remarkable age of one luindrcd and four \-ears. 
John Ford has enjoyed wonderfully gcxid 
health, having recpiired the attendance of a 
physician but once in his life, which was fortv- 
Cwo years ago. His hearing is good, and his 
reading and writing are done without the ai<l 
of John h'ord and his wife became 
parents of six children, as follows: Leonard 
C. who was born September 29, 1847, '^^'"^ •lic<l 
November 7. 1857: Haltie L.. boni December 
7, 1848; Charles E., born November 19. 1850: 
Tellitha. bi;rn Sejjtember 25. 1852: Ellen M., 
born October t2. 1854: and ^\■alter B., born 
March 15, 1858. 

Charles E. I'ord, subject of this biogra])hi- 
cal record, at an early age worked in his fa- 
ther's .sawmill, one of the first in the county, 
and acted as sawyer a number of years. He 
f|uit that business when about twenty-five years 
old. and subsequently engaged in the gnxrery, 
li\ery and real estate business in Ottumwa. at 
different times. In 1899, he began his connec- 



tioii with the harness business as a partner of 
W. II. I'.ostun. who lias l)cen in tlic liarness 
business in Ottumwa for the past twenty years, 
and is the practical man of the linn. Mr. Ford 
attends to the bills, keeps books, and cares for 
the general business (if the lirni. They carry 
a complelc line of harness and horse furnish- 
ings, and employ fmm four to six men. '1 hey 
do an extensixe mail order business in the jol)- 
bing line, and the affairs of the linn are in a 
thriving conditinn. 

Mr. Ford was united in the bonds ol wed- 
lock with Arabella LSlair, a native of Pennsyl- 
vania, and they have three children: Edith, 
wife of l''.ihvin ! law, of ^Nlartinsburg, Iowa: 
Lena; and \'cra. In politics, he is a Democrat. 
lie is a Ma.son. and is a member of the Chapter 
at Ottumwa. Religiously, Mrs. Ford is a mem- 
ber of the Presbyterian church, 

U. AIcCAKROLL, who has ahv?.ys 

been engaged in the hardware and 

tinware business, is a member ol the 

firm nf .McCarroll Urdthcrs, dealers in 

hardware, their store being located at Xo. t^22 

East Main street. Ottumwa. lie was born in 

Ohio, and is a .son (d' W. !■'. McCarroll. 

W. V . .McCarroll crune to Wajiello county, 
Iowa, in iSf)4. and 1. scaled with his family on 
a farm near Kirkville. lie came to Ottiunwa 
in 1S71. and oi)ened a stove and tinware store, 
>vhich he conducted until 1884: he then en- 
gaged in jobbing hardw.are, stoves, tinware, 
etc., locating at 105 East Main street. He 

was in partnership with his son, C. T. McCar- 
roll. imder the firm name of W. F". McCarroll 
& Son. He died in 1891, and J. B. McCarroll 
then took charge of his interests in the business. 
He had previous!}- been in the employ of the 
lirm fur a peril id of twent_\-three years. The 
jiil)bing business was disposed of to the Har- 
per iS: .McTntire Company, in February. J 899, 
and Ww McCarroll was then occupied with 
settling old accounts of the firm until June i , 
1900. riie lirm nf .Mct_'arriill Hrnthers was 
then established, at Xo. 3_'2 East Main street, 
dealing in general hardware, stoves, tinware, 
etc., and has been a success from the start. 
They occupy a building 100 feet deep, and 
ha\'e a very complete stock of goods, empli ly- 
ing from four to si.\ men. They also have ;. 
well-equip])ed tin shop in the rear of the store. 
J. r>. McCarroll acts as manager and l)uyer, 
and both ])artners sell goods. W. !•". McCar- 
roll, briitber nf j. P... is a ])ractical tinner, and 
resides at No. 309 Foiulh street. He married 

Carita B. Hedrick. a daughter of General Hed- 
I . . . 

1 rick, of (Ottumwa, and they have fmu" clnl- 

I dren : Catherine: Carita: John: and Mary. 
The home place nf their father, at .Xo. 756 
West Seciind street, is still in the possession 
of the famih'. 

J. P>. McCarroll was united in marriage 
with Ida Amos, of Lima, Ohio, she being the 
nnlv nnc nf licr familv to Incate in this sec- 
tion. Mr. and Mrs. McCarroll have one 
daughter. P'ranccs Ii., born July 21. looi. In 
politics ]\lr. r^IcCarrolI is a Republican, llis 
father served as alderman from the P'nurth 
Ward at erne time, and was alwavs interested 





in tlie general welfare of the city. i'raternall\- 
the suhject uf this record is a Mason and 
Knight Tem])lar. He has been master of the 
(Jttuniwa l>]ue lodge, and filled all tlie chairs id' 
the Coniinander\'. lie also belongs to the Be- 
nevolent and Trotective ( )rder of l-dks. f^e- 
ligiously the faniiK' are niainl\ SpiiMtnalists.' 

AR riX II ARDSOCC. who is at the 
lieail of the extensi\e concern 
known as the I lardsocg Manufac- 
tnring Coni[)any, is a \ery jircinii- 
nent l)iisiness man of the cit\' of Ottnmwa, 
Wapello county. Iowa, lie owns alvout five 
hundred acres of land in sections 7 antl t8. just 
out of the city limits, and on this he has one of 
the im])osing residences to be fo.und in this sec- 
tion if the state. 

Martin Hardsocg was born in Germany and 
in \er_\- early life was bnnight to this country 
by his ]iarents. Ar the age if fifteen years he 
was ai)prenticed to a blacksmitli to learn that 
trade, and the knowledge then gained was the 
foundation of the great industf}- which he now 
contnds. He served three years as an ajjpren- 
tice and learned the business thoroughly, so that 
when eighteen years old he felt himself com- 
petent to work for himself. .\s a result he es- 
tablished a shop at this early age at Smoky 
Hollow, in Wapello county, and did such work 
as the new countrv demanded. Considerable 
wirk came t<> him in the wa\' of sharpening 
miners' tools, and soon he was offered a posi- 
tion by a mining company which he accejKed. 

lie remained with them but one year, diu-ing 
which time he faith full}' put forth ever_\- effort 
to please thcni and performed his work to their 
satisfaction. Rccansc. however, a member of 
the firm wished to place a friend in the ])osition, 
he was discharged to make ri>om. This e.xperi- 
ence taught him that when working for others, 
one's position is ne\'er safe, although every re- 
ipiirement is Ijcing fulfilled. .\s ;i resuU he rc- 
turntd to his little shop, althougli there was not 
work enough to- make more than 30 or j-^ cents 
a day. He continued in this shop for some 
time, always trying- to devise some manner in 
which he coidd enlarge his business and make 
I'.oth cuds meet. He conceived the idea of go- 
ing personally to the different mining camps, to 
solicit and deliver work. This ];lan was most 
successful, and occupied his entire time. He 
also' licgan to make improvements on the old- 
tashioncd tools, and sold them to his customers. 
.\ ready sale prompted iiim to manufacture and 
s(.ll them on a more extensive .scale, his highest 
nmbitii n at that time being to give two men 
steady eni])loynH'nt. and reap benefits from 
their labor. When he bad a force of two men, 
howe\er. he was just as eager to increase it'to 
four, and so on until his ])lant grew to its ])res- 
ent enormous ])roportions. The business at 
A\ery. where he had removed, outgrew its sur- 
roundings, and as a result was transferred to 
Ottnmwa, where a capital of ,$75,000 becamo 
necessary for the operation of the plant to its 
limit. He met with great success and was at 
the zenith o| his ])ros])crity when his entire es- 
tablishment destroved b\- lire. It com- 
iilettlv rnineil him fm.anciallv. as the .amount of 



insurance carried was no more than sufficient 
to pay off his indebtedness. He still command- 
ed tlie trade for a like business, but was without 
money to establish it. He rose to the emer- 
gency and organized a stock company, of which 
he held the controlling interest, and soon it was 
in as nourishing a condition as liefore. Mr. 
Simmons, a partner in the business, is general 
.superintendent, and has for a number of years 
liad the entire management of the plant. He 
has dis])la\cd great ability in th;it capacity, has 
a<ldcd largely to the efficiency of the wijrking 
departments, and sustained the reputation and 
prestige the firm lias always enjoyed. A moro 
detailed account of his work can l)e f<iund in a 
sketch of his life, in another i)art of this work. 
A few years ago Mr. Hardsocg purchased 
of the estate of Charles 1*'. Blake, 500 acres of 
land in sections 7 and i<S, just out of tlie city 
limits of Ottumwa, his intention l)eing to make 
a home thereon, as it is but a short drive to the 
center of the city, and to his jilace of business. 
There he caused to be built a palatial residence, 
surrounding which is a large and well kept 
lawn, through which walks ;uid drixes run in 
an artistic manner. Mr. Hardsocg takes great 
])rid(.' in his residence ])lat, and when at home 
ma}- be seen out in the grounds trimming the 
trees and gi\-ing directions as to the work. He 
set out many trees of different \'arictics. and 
cared for them and watched their growth with 
a feeling akin to that of a ])arent ob-serving a 
son's develoiiment into manhood. ^Ir. Hard- 
socg is also the principal owner of the Martin 
Hardsocg Manufacturing Company, of Pitts- 
burg, Pennsylvania. This company also man- 

ufactures the same line of goods as is made at 
Ottumwa. He is also the principal owner of an 
infant industry known as the Nichols Manufac- 
turing Company, of Ottumwa. This company 
makes the Nichols patent carpenter square, and 
promises to be one of Ottumwa's leading indus- 
tries. ^Ir. Hardsocg owns about 400 acres of 
land in Richland township, \\'a])ello coimty. 
Iowa. He is also interested in a mining prop- 
erty in Arkansas. 

Mr. Hardsocg was united in marriage at 
the early age of nineteen years to a widow with 
a famil}' of two children, and, in Ijringing up 
and educating these, he has l>estowed the same 
care as upon his own. William Murl. the eld- 
est, was gi\-en a commercial education, and now 
holds a position as bookkeeper with the firm of 
which ]\Ir. Hardsocg is the head. Daisy, the 
eldest child of Air. Hardsocg, lives at home. 
She is a graduate of a commercial school. 
Jennie, the w idow of a Mr. Wdtsler, is at home. 
Lester takes after his father, is of a mechanical 
turn of mind, and holds a position of that char- 
acter with the Hardsocg Manufacturing Com- 
pany. Fred rmd liain are now attending 
school. Om- subject is a man of ])leasing per- 
sonality, and has many friends throughout the 
i county, in which he has s]XMit nearly his entire 
life. His jjortrait accompanies this sketch. 

<.\XK NORMAN CLINK, a popular 
conductor running out of Ottumwa, 
on the Chica,go. Burlington & (Juincy 
Railuav. has been located in this city 
since Februarv 26, 1882. He was born in 



(iladstimc, Illinois, in i860, and is a son of 
Chapman C. Cline. 

Chapman C. Cline was hmn in West \'ir- 
ginia. went to Illinois in \Hz,j or iS3_:5, and in 
1837 was iniited in marriaj^e with Harriet 
l-'rint. Mrs. Cline was horn in Oliio and was 
a child when she was hrouglit to Illinois. She 
filed at Ottumwa. jnly 28, 1900. at the age of 
si\t_\-thrcc _\-ears. Mr. Cline followed the oc- 
cu])ation of a farmer tln-oughout his life. He 
enlisted in C<!mi)any 1, 148th Keg.. 111. \''ol. 
Inf.. in 1864. and served until the close of tin 
Ci\il war. lie died at 'i'ullahoma. Tennes.see. 
near Chattan<ioga. in 1803. at the age of ahont 
tliirt\-fi\e \ears. leaving a widow and foiu' 
cliildren. as follows: Emily M. (IJarkhuff). 
of Humiston. Iowa: h^riuik .\ornian : ( leorge 
Mitchell, of I'^ldon. Iowa: and Ida lilnora. wife 
of Charles r.ahl. a roadma.Uer on the Mexican 
Central kailroad, who li\es in ()ld Mexico. 
The mother and children mo\ed to Iowa and 
located at (jarden Crove, in i8;mj. 

I*" rank Xorman Cline was reared at (iarder 
(irfjve, Iowa, and at an earl\- age engaged in 
farming. He continued thus until he reached 
his si.xteenth year, w lien he hegan section work 
on the Chicago. Burlington & Ouincy Railroad, 
which he followed for three years He was then 
engaged in farming luitil i88j, when he movetl 
to Ottumwa and hegan hraking on the Chicago, 
lUn'lington & Ouincy Rajiroad, his hmther 
holding a similar ])()sition. He was a hrake- 
man. for a time, on the old Middle Division, 
for (lifTerent conductors, and in 1883 was pro- 
moted to he a freight conductor. He received 
a regular run twD \ears later, and has been 

on his present nni since Se])temher 17, lyoo, 
going west on the general merchandise train 
and east on the meat train. Me has l)een very 
lortunate. and has never had an\- serious acci- 

Mr. Cline was united in marriage with 
Anna Chenoweth, who was horn in (iarden 
Grox'e, Iowa, in 1863. and is a daughter of 
LenuRl and l-".\xline Chenoweth. who now re- 
side at .\ll)ia. Iowa. .She was one of 1 1 chil- 
dren, and has fixe l)rothers and sisters li\ing, 
namely: Walter, of Ottumwa: John, of .\1- 
bia : Mrs. Daisy Wright, of .Mhia: Charles, of 
Texas: and I'earl, who is at home. Mr. and 
Mrs. Cline hccame the ])arents of three chil- 
dren, as follows: Ceorge .\rthur. aged fifteen) 
years; Harriet Mary, who died in i8()_:;. at the 
age of twii and a half vears : and John IJovd, 
who is ti\e years of age. Mr. Cline has erected 
a comfortable home on b'ast .Main street, Ot- 
tumwa. In politics, he is a Re])ublican. He 
i>. a memlicr of I)i\-ision Xo. J16, O. R. C, 
of (^ttiunwa : Ottumwa Lodge, Xo. 239, Court 
of Honor, and Lodge Xo. 16. .\. I". ^: .\. .M. 
Mrs. Cline is also a member of the Court of 
lloni;r. ReligiousK-. they are b'piscop.-iliMns. 

. VXTEL EATOX", who first began busi- 
ness o])erations in Ottumwa in 1857, 
was for many years engaged in the 
manufacture of furniture, and con- 
ducted ;i large establishment in this cit\' imtil 
it was destroyed by tire in 1891. Since that 
time he has lived, practically, .1 retired life. 



Mr. Eaton was born at Templeton, Massa- 
chusetts, May 2, 1831, and is a son of Joseph 
Eaton. He is descended from a family of fi\e 
bnjthers. one of whom came to this countr}- in 
the ".Maytlowcr." His grandfatlicr was a Rev- 
uhiliiinary sohUcr. and carried a gun Ijrought 
to tliis country by the Marquis de Lafayette, 
whicli is now in the i)ossession of Daniel Eaton. 
The latter learned the trade of a carpenter at 
an early age in Worcester, Massachusetts, and 
worked f(;r Ine years in I'itchbiu-g. for Hallett 
& Uavis in a piano-case factory. He then went 
to Worcester, and was emjiloyed as a journey- 
man carpenter. He then took charge of a fur- 
niture factory workshop for Cieorge P>. Ford, 
of Jamestown, Xew \'ork. He came west to 
Ottumwa. b;wa. in June. 1837. from James- 
t(jwn, where he had spent a year, lie was ac- 
companied by his wife and eldest daughter, 
then three weeks old. He began the manufac- 
ture of furniture in ;i small way. hv hand, but 
gradually added to his plant until he had a very 
extensive business. 11 is lirst building was on 
the lot now occu])ie<] by the (ilol)e Tea Com- 
pany, and he sub.sequently liuill ;i I'actorv in 
the rear <if his present l.iuilding on (ireen and 
Main streets. He afterward bought the lot 
where the electric power hou.>^e now stands. He 
erected the Union Block of three stores in 1867, 
one of whicli he occupied. The block w;is de- 
stroyed 1)\- lire on Sunday morning, Januar\- 
'9- ^^73' together with seven stores. Me built 
at once his ]>resent l)k>ck on the corner of 
Green and Main streets, a brick building. The 
store is occupied by Dr. Hansell. ;m oculist. 
and the up])er rooms are rented to individuals 

for ofifices and families for dwelling purposes. 
Mis furnitiue factory was destroyed a second 
time in i8yi. just one year after he had sold 
out to his son. A. L. Eaton, and it was not re- 
built. Me had an extensive trade over Iowa, 
Missouri. Nebraska and Kansas, and employed 
fri ni _'5 to 30 peo])le. 

.Mr. I'laton was united in marriage in 1855, 
at I'itchburg, Massachusetts, to Jane West, 
who was born at Templeton, Massachusetts, 
in 1831. just ten da\s after the liirth of her 
huslj.'uid. h"i\e children ha\e iilessed this 
union, as follows: Ida: Edwin C. : Hattie J.: 
Andrew Lincoln: and I'^tta. Ida. who married 
Altorue}- W. E. Chambers, died in July. 1884. 
lua\ing three sous. — .\rthur. Walter. ;uid 
James. — two v.i whom li\e in Cliicago. and the 
(ither resides in Ottumwa. Edwin C.. a tele- 
graph operator at (irinnell. Iowa, married 
Ella .\lleu. and has three children. — Etta, 
(Irace. ;uid Daniel. Hattie J., wife of Fred 
W . \\'ilson. assistant jiostmaster of Ottumwa, 
and formerh' bookkeeper for John Morrell & 

j Company. Ltd.. has two children li\ing. — ■ 
Loriise and Fred. Jr.. — and one deceased. 
( Irace. Andrew Lincoln, of Xew 'S'ork City, 
iu\xnted and is manufactmang the Crescent 

J belt fastener, which has an extensi\-e sale 
throughout the country. — it fastens without 
weakening the belt, and is manufactured at 
-Vewark. Xew Jersex' : he has tra\-eling repre- 
sentatix'es on the ro;id, and has the tr.'ide of 
.all the large manufaetm-ing firms in the east, 
which ha\e belting in their plants. Etta, the 
youngest child, died in !\Iay. 1874. at the age 
of six \ears and eighteen da\s. Politicallv, 




Mr. I'.atoii was an Abolitionist, and is now a 

Rc|)ul) He attends tlie Conn^regational 



hol.i'll W. IIOLZHAUSER, en- 
u;agetl in s^cncral farniinj^ and stoci< 
raising in Conipetine townsliii), Wa- 
pello county, lowri, on a farm of 167 
acres of wcll-iniprdxed land in section 7, town- 
siiip JT,. ran|L;e u. lie was i)orn in Havre, 
France, March 25, 1S49, and is a son of George 
r. and Mary Phtcl)e (Denser) llolzhanser. 

(jeorge P. Hol/hauser, the f.ather of our 
sul)jcct, was horn in (lerni.iny, (.migrating to 
the L'nited States in 1849. ' '^ settled in Louis- 
\ille, Kentucky, where he remained two years, 
after wliich lie removed to Iowa, where his 
death occurred, at the age of fifty-fitiu" years. 
He married Mar\- I'lKcbe Denser. ;i native of 
Germany, and they reared four children, name- 
ly : Christian, who died on shii)i)o^ird while en 
route to America: .\dolph W'., the .sul)ject of 
this sketch: I'luehe, horn in 1S4S, married 
I'rederick Ritter. and is living in Keokuk cnun- 
ty : John I'., horn in 1S5'), married KVv/.a. Miller, 
and is living in Competine township. 

.\dolph W. Holzhauscr, the su1)ject of this 
sketch, came to tiie United States with lii> par- 
ents, and removed with them frirm Louisville 
to Wapello county, Iowa. He lias lived on liis 
present farm for a number of years, and in 
addition to farming lias been engaged in stock 
raising. He has met with good success in all 
his undertakings, and is one of the progressive 
farmers of the countv. He married, October 

5, 1871, Theresa Ritter, a daughter of John 
Philip and Catherine Ritter. .\ine children 
have resulted from this union, namely: Mary 
C, burn Julv 17. 1S7J, who m;irried Adam 
Greenig, of Hancock county, IIHucms; Emma, 
I,orn February 25, 1874, married Amos Crile, 
of Jeft'erson county, Jowa; Liz/.ie, born Febru- 
ary 4, 1875 ; Clara, born July 8, 1876, who died 
in inf.ancy: George I'., born May 25, 1877; 
John 1'., born .Septeml)er 29, 1878; and Joseph 
A., born January 1 i, 1880, died June jo, 1899; 
Charles W., born August 4, 1883; William D., 
born July (>. 1886; and Margaretta 1".. born 
July 8, 1889. 

-Mr. I lolzhau.ser is a member of the F^uther- 
an church. Politically, he is a DenK)crat. J fe 
has a host of warm friends in Wapello countv, 
and the township in which he resides. 

T& ^ 


11. HAMMOXi). one of Ottumwa's 
])rogrcssive citizens and business men. 
vvhcise pnrtrait is herewith shown, is ;i 
])rominenl l\e|)ul)lic;ui in jiolitics. and 
is serving in the ca])acity of county autlitoi»of 
Wapello county. He was born in Boonville, 
Warrick county, Indiana, in 1865, and is a 
son lit T. W. 1 l.-imnic ind. 

T. W. llamniMud was born in Warrick 
county, Indiana, and was a smu nf William 
and Marv (I'oone) Hammond, wlm reared 
several children. T. W. ILunmcnd was in the 
mercantile business in Indian,! for many years, 
and came to Ottumwa. where he died wlien 
about eighty-three years old. .\ brother, W. 



}|. I laniinniid. came to Ottuiiiwa in 1843 '"' 
1844. Init left for Kansas about 1870, and died 
tlicre in October, igoo. Another l)rother, J. 
A. Hammond, came to Ottumwa in I847. •'"'' 
first en^aiji'cd in the dry-goods l)usiness, then in 
tlie millinti' l)usiness wliere the plow factor}- is 
now located, and continued in the latter line 
until 1875. He then sold out and engaged in 
the fr.rniture business, as a member of the 
firm of Cooper & ilaninioml. on Main street. 
He is a son-in-law wf j. ( i. Baker, who erected 
the large hiiildir.g known as the Baker block, 
in which J. A. Hammond was located for 
some vears. :ind engaged in the furniture busi- 
r.ess. in 189-', the latter remodeled the build- 
ing at a cost of $10,000, and made it over intu 
a fine ofifice building. He has superintended 
it since, and has made monthly trips here from 
Des ^b_)ines, to whicli cit\' he mo\ed in .\r.- 
gust, 1900. lie has other large interests here 
which also recpiire his attention. He served 
for some years as an alderman in (Jttumwa. 

I. H. Hammond first engaged in the gent"s 
furnishing business in Ottumwa, as proprietor 
of the ll;immond I^n-nishing Coniiianv, and 
continued ;is such until he became active in 
politics. In i89(). he was elected deputy coun- 
ty auditor and ser\-ed as such four years, after 
which, in the fall of 1900. he was elected coun- 
ty auditor. He is thoroughly acquainted with 
the duties of his office, and discharges them 
in a highly satisfactory manner. In politics. 
he is a strong su])porter of Republican ])rin- 

-Mr. Hammond was united in m;u-riage in 
October, 1S90, with Ivlna Casev. who was 

born at Ottumwa. and is a daughter of John 
Casey, who died in 1880. Her mother is now 
Mrs. Francis Shafer, and lives in Illinois, 
where all of her children live but Mr,s. Ham- 
mond and Mrs. J. .\. Platts, of this city. Mr. 
and Mrs. Hammond ha\e two children. — Law- 
rence and Helen. Mr. Hammond has a fine 
new home in course of construction in the citv 
of Ottumwa. He is a Methodist, in religious 
\iews, and his wife is a member of the Con- 
gregationiil church. 

AKRV .SCHMH)T. a well-known mer- 
chant of Ottumwa. \\'a])ello county, 
Iowa, was born in Ottumwa. March 
J, 1870. He is a son of ISern.ard 
and Katrina ( Stuckleman ) Schmidt. 

Bernard .Schmidt, the father of (iarry. was 
born in Hanover, (jermany. May J7. 1844. 
He came to the L'nitcd States in 181)7. '"^'^ ''^" 
cated in Ottumwa. where he at once cmn- 
menced work at his tratle. that of a brick- 
maker. He is still engaged at that occupation. 
He m.arried Kalrina Stuckleinan. in i8()(i. and 
they bail four children, namely: Jose]iliine. de- 
ceased: Carry: John B. ; and Henr\'. ^Ir. 
.Schmidt married, secondly. Elizabeth Dunne- 
brink. August I I. 187(1, and to them were born 
\2 children, namely: I'rauk : Herm;ui : .M;iry, 
deceased: Katrina; F.llcn : Dorothy; Elizabeth; 
Bernard : Theresa and Amelia, deceased : Jo- 
seph ; ;ind Paulus. 

Garrx' Schmidt was reared ami educated in 
Ottumw.'i. lie married, X"o\ember 6. 1899,. 



Cecilia Curran, a daughter of James and Jane 
(Dolierty) Curran. Slie was liorn >[arcli 12. 
icS^S. >Ier fatlier was a native of Ireland, 
came to this countr_\- in 1H34. and settled in 
Ottumwa in 1872. He is still a resident of the 
city, and has reached the age of tift\-seven 
years. ]le married Jane Doherty, who was 
born in Canada. Xovemlier 7. 1852, and they 
had four children, namely: Delia, deceased, 
who was horn in (3ttumwa. in 1874. and was 
the wife of Charles Hartman ; John and 
Charles, deceased; and Cecilia, the wife of 
(Jarry Schmidt. 

Carry .Schmidt is engaged in mercantile 
business in Ottumwa, and is a prominent citi- 
zen of the city. He is a mem1)er of the Kagles 
lodge. He and his wife belong to the K<iman 
Catholic church. I'ciliticallv. he is a Democrat. 

F.< 'RCiE L. X\'E. postmaster of Agen- 
cy City, W'aj^ello county. Iowa, has 
licrn engaged in agricultural nursuits 
in .\gencv township for many years. 
He is a sun of W. A. and Rebecca ( Wicker) 
Xye, and was born in Cass townshi]). \\'a]iello 
county, Iowa, in 1845. ^'*"t two native-born 
residents of the county older than he are now 

W. .\. Xye was born in Germany in 1825. 
and came to the United States with his parents 
when eight years of age, locating in Waverly. 
Ohio. He came ti> Iowa in 1845. and settled 
in Cass township, Wapello county, where he 
farmed for some years. He then lived in Ot- 
tumwa for two years, and during that time 

served in the capacity of county treasurer, hold- 
ing that oftice four years'... He was a Republi- 
can in ])olitics, and filled various offices in his 
townshi]). He married Rebecca Wicker, who 
was born in Ohio, and they reared the follow- 
ing five children: (ieorge L. ; John W. : Will- 
iam A. ; Samuel .\. ; and Mary. 

George L. Xye w as born in a log cabin, and 
li\ed in Cass township until he enlisted in the 
Ci\il War. in 1863, becoming a private in Com- 
])any 1], 7th Reg.. Iowa Vol. Inf. He remained 
in the arm\' until the close .of the w ar, and did 
service in the Indian country in Kansas and 
Xebraska. w here he saw thousands of buffaloes. 
.\fter the war. he returned to Cass township, 
and made his home there until 1869, when he 
removed to Agency township, where he has 
since lived and mainlx" followed farming. His 
farm is located in sectifMis 30 and 36. and is 
under a high state of cultivation. He was ap- 
pointed postmaster of Agency City on Xovem- 
ber 15. 1897. and has since served efficiently 
in that capacitv. giving universal satisfaction. 
j In 1868, Mr. Xye was joined in matrimony 

' with Sarah J. Dudley, who was born in .\gcncy 
I township. Wapell(jc(auity, in 1847. They h^ve 
: reared six children, as follows: Charles M., 
a farmer in Center township; Minnie K. ; .\. 
M.: I'annie; Willi;im P.; and Russell C. He 
is a Republican in ])olitics, and has served as 
trustee and clerk of his township, and as a 
member of the school board, for a number of 
years. He is a member of the .soldiers' relief 
CI nimittee. and beli>ngs to Post Xo. 107. G. 
.\. R. His family are members of the Method- 
ist Episcopal church. 



\\ II) SAUTBIXE, a prosperous 
fanner of Agency townsliip, Wapello 
ci.'untv. Iowa, has been located here 
since 1849. and has many friends 
thrdushi'.ut the county. He was burn in Wayne 
ci.'Untv, Oliii), in 1820, and is a son of Charles 
T. and I'.lizahcth (Brady) Sauthine. 

Charles T. Sauthine was horn in France, 
and came to the United States when twenty 
years fit" age. He followed the occupation O'f a 
farmer, lie was joined in matriinon\- with 
Elizahetli Brady, who was horn in Ireland, and 
David is their only living child. 

David Sautljine was ten years eld when he 
wa.s taken hy his parents to Indiana, where he 
lived until the Alexican War was in progress. 
He then returned to Ohio, and in .\pril, 1847. 
enlisted for service in Comjiany I, 15th Reg., 
Ohio Vol. Inf. He went to Mexico on the .ship 
"Russia," landed at Vera Cruz, and then 
inarched to Pueblo, where they overtook Gen- 
eral Scott. They then marched to the City of 
^le.xico, and assisted in the taking of the capi- 
tal, and participated in much hard fighting 
throughc ut the war. He was discharged at 
Cincinnati. Ohio, August i, 1848. He came to 
Iowa in l^ecemljer, 1849, and located east of the 
town of .\gency, in Agency township, ^^'apello 
county, where he purchased a farm and resided 
until 1862. He settled on his ]>resenl farm in 
iS6_^, and in 1870 built a two-story, eight- 
room liouse, in which he now li\'cs. He has 
250 acres of fine farming land in Agency town- 
ship, and is engaged in general farming. He 
has lieen a thrifty, industrious man, and has 
laid b\- a handsome competency. 

Mr. Sauthine was united in marriage with 
Laiu"etta Mace, who was horn in Oliio in 1829, 
and the\' have reared the following cliildren : 
Ernestine, wife of L. K. Cramer; Nettie, wife 
of Thomas Miller: Mary A., wife of William 
Ruck: and Lorentine, who is a ranchm.'in in 
Oklahoma 'i'erritory. Politically, the suljject 
of this sketch is a Democrat, and has served on 
the school board of his district a number of 

1-. Kl-^RFOOT, a worthy rcpresenta- 
li\e of the younger generation of 
business men of Wapello cininty, 
Iowa, is secretary, tre;ism"cr and man- 
ager of the Kerfoot Clothing Company, one 
of the largest firms of Ottumwa. He began 
hustling for himself at the early age of twelve 
\cars, and the great success attained is due 
solelv to his own energy and .ability. He was 
born in Oltuniwa. in 1870, and is a son' of 
John R. and Carohne (^Crandall) Kerfoot. ' 

John R. Kerfoot came to Ottumwa from 
M.arvland. about 1845, •'"'' "wned ;i f.arm north 
of the city, but in 1880 he sold out and re- 
turned to Maryland, where he now lives. He 
married Caroline Crandall. who died in 1878, 
leaving three children: J. F., the subject of 
this sketch: I'red W., a farmer, located south 
of Ottumwa: and Mrs. J. X. dithens, whose 
husband is a farmer, living north of Ottumwa, 
J- F. Kerfoot was reared and schooled in 
Ottumwa. and left home at the age of eleven 
years, .\bout twehe years ago he began 
clerking for Mr. Paddoek, and later worked 



in the uftice ul J. 11. Merrill t*(; OmiiJanv. with 
wlioni he remained lor iwo year^. lie next 
entered the eniplcpy <>! Mr. Doiv, who had 
Ixinght (he hnsincss of Mr. I'addciek, and re- 
mained with him until njoo. In that \ear he 
engaged in husiness for him.self under the firm 
name of tlie Kerfoot Clothing Company, lo- 
cating at Xo.s. 103-105 liast Main .-itreet, where 
lie ha.s a douhle huilding. 100 feet deep. He 
carries a complete stock and the heaviest line of 
gentlemen's furnishings and clothing in the 
city, and employs from se\-en to 10 men all the 
time, lie met with success from the start, and 
the results of his efforts ha\e exceeded his 
fondest expectations. 

Mr. Kerfoot was unitetl in marriage witl) L. j-"erree, a daughter of J. 1). Ferree, 
on Septemlier 15, liSyj. 

XSELUM B. I'H1-:L1'S. one .if Wa- 
]iello count_\~"s most iirominent and in- 
lluential farmers, was l)orn in Gallia 
county. Ohio, August 27. 1839. and 
came to Compctine, \\'ai)ello county, with his 
])arents in 185 J. He now lives in Competine 
tou'iiship, on section 29, township 73, range 
12, and owns 400 acres of fine farming land. 
Benjamin I!. Phelps, his fatlier. was a na- 
tive of Hamilton county, Ohio, having been 
bfjni i ! Cincinnati in 181 1, when the city was 
ill its infancy. He died while on a visit to a 
son in I-Vanklin count}', Iowa, January 5, 1875. 
He married jane McCall, who was a (laughter 
of James and Mary McCall, and died December 

27, 1871, They reared the following children : 
John B,, who was horn March 27, 1834, and 
lives in h'ranklin county, Iowa: James II., who 
was born March 8, 183C), and died January i, 
1891, at lledrick; Martha J., who was born 
January 5, 1838, and died January 5, J873; 
Anselum 15.; Abigail B., who was born April 
13, 1841, married Lafayette l-lller. and lives 
in Com[)ctine townshii); Josiali B., l)orn I;mu- 
ary 2j. 1843, who lives in Franklin cfnmty, 
Iowa, and was sheriff for two terms: Sally .\,, 
born in October, 1844. who married W. H, H. 
W illi.'inis, and is a widow, living in Osborne 
county, Kansas: Benjamin F., who was honi 
October 12, 1845, ''"^1 <l'ed January 5, 1852, 
in Gallia county. Ohio; one who died in in- 
fancy: Akmzo. who was born June (k 1848, 
and died June 24, 1848: Harriet F.. who was 
horn .\])ril 23. 1849, and died J;muary jt,. 
1853: Stephen \'., who was born .August 5, 
1851, and lives in Omaha: William R., who 
was born January 2. 1854, has taught school 
in.iiiy years, and now lives in Competine town- 
ship: Mary, born h~ehruary 18, 1856, who mar- 
ried B. v. Stevens, and lives in lledrick; Leoni- 
das M.. born February 28. 1858, who lives ^1 
Clay county, Xehrask.i : and Leora, born Se]> 
tembcr 24, i860, who married Henry McCor- 
mick, and lives at Highland CeiUer. Josiah B. 
was a member of Company D, 17th Reg., 
Iowa Vol. Inf., spent nine nK^ntbs in Anderson- 
\ille Prison, and caught the scin'\y, which t<.ok 
away a part of his jaw-bone. 

.\nselum B, Phelps enlisted at Ottumwa, 
Iowa. August I. 1861, as a soldier in Conii)any 
I. 1st Reg.. Iowa Vol, Cav,, and served four 



years and seven montlis, by virtue of reenlist- 1 
ing- in 1864. J lis regiment first went into camp 1 
at Burlington, Iowa, and thence went to Ben- 
ton Barracks, Missouri. Its first engagement 
was at Blackwater, Missouri, in an attempt to 
drive the Confederate general, lliiulman, out 
of the state. The officer retired to Wilson 
Creek battle-gr(jund. Mr. Phelps" regiment 
went on a forced march of 100 miles and again 
struck General llindiuan, completcl>- muting 
his forces. The subject of this sketch returned 
home after the close of the war, and with $400 
saved from the pay received during tlie war 
bought 40 acres of Wapello county land. By 
constant and energetic effort, he has added land 
to his first purchase, until he now owns 480 
acres in Ccnnpetine tnwiiship, in sections 20, 
28 and 29; and every acre is worth double 
what it was when he purchased it in an uncul- 
tivated state. He has presented one of his sons. 
O. O. Phelps, witli a farm worth $3,200, and 
the latter is dding well. 1 ie has given the rest 
of his children equal shares of land amounting 
to $2,800 each, and retains 80 acres with the 
homestead. Thirty-four years ago Mrs. Phelps 
])lanted the maple seed from which has sprung 
up the beautiful grove that shades their home 
and grounds. The farm is well supplied with 
everything necessar_\-, an artesian well being of 
especial value. There are generally maintained 
alKDUt 300 head of stock, as this branch of the 
industrv receives the principal .share i>f atten- 

October 18. 1866, :\lr. Phelps was united 
in marriage with Elizabeth Dickins. who was 
born July 9, 1841, and is a daughter of 'fhomas 

Martin and Elizabeth Dickins, and they ha\e 
six children, as follows: Mary E,, who was 
born August 31, 1867, and was married March 
2"/, 1890, to K. L, Howell, of Conipetine town- 
sJiip: Otis ()., will I was born March 29, 1869, 
and married Esther Purest, Aiarch 15, 1894; 
Tiionias .M., wlu) was born June 6, 1871, and 
married .\ellie 15. 'fade, March 25, 1896; Elza 
E,, who was b(,rn in 1873, and married Efiie 
ivonpe, ( f Iledrick: Ella 1-1.. a twin (..f Elza E., 
who was married October 19, 1894, to M, G. 
W liittiiigtiiii, (if Competine township: and Mat- 
tie J., biirn March 29, 1880. ' Mr. Phelps is a 
member of the Repulilican party. With his 
famil}-, he attends the Baptist church, to which 
all if them l)eli)ng. 

RAXK McIX'f IKE is a memlier nf the 
1 f'lrper & Mciiitire dnupany, whole- 
s:ile dealers in liar<lware, nf Ottum- 
wa, Iowa, He is a native of Iowa, 
ba\ing Ijeen born and raised on a farm in Wa- 
pello county. 

Mr. Mciiitire atteiideil tlie imlilic schools 
and completed his education in the Iowa Agri- 
cultural College at Ames, Iowa, after which he 
tauglit school for three terms. He began his 
liusincss life as a clerk in the hardware store 
of Egan, Harper & Company, on -\pril 15, 
1880. In January. 1881, be was admitted into 
the firm, and the firm name was changed to 
Harper, Chamlicrs & Compaiiv. .\t once, upon 
becoming a member of the tiriii, he ti:ok to the 
road as tra\-eling salesman, and follnwed this 



l)rancli nf the work for ten years, wlien, in 
]S(ji, ii was found necessary for liim to take a 
])lace in llie orticc. At that time, Mr. Ciianiljcrs 
willulrew from the company, and the name was 
changed to the Harper & Mclntire Company. 
Mr. .Mclntirc is interested in several enter- 
jjrises, and is now \-ice-]iresident of the Ottum- 
\va Sa\inj;s IJank'. ,\t the present time he is 
also president ol the Jowa Hardware Jobbers' 
Association, lie is a thorough-going business 
man. and takes an interest in all public enter- 
prises, cnnlrilnning liberally of his means to 
public and private charities. Air. iNlcIntirc pos- 
sesses such social (|ualities as t(.> attach to him 
warm personal friends, and enjoys a high repu- 
tation among" the citizens of Ottumwa for in- 
tegrity and honor. 

\.Mh'.S I). (,kA\'. iiroprietor of the Ot- 
tumwa -Mineral Springs & Hottling 
Comjjany. is one of the ])rogressi\-e 
business men of Ottumwa, Iowa. He 
was I'.orn in the Wapello ci imtv jail, in Ot- 
tumwa. November 6, 1S60, when his father 
was serving as sheriff. He is a son of L. E. and 
Aimie (Carpenter) Gray. 

L. E. (irav was born in Indiana, and died 
at Ottumwa. in Jime, 1895, at the age of sixty- 
six years. He came to Ottumwa in 1S32, 
and was here married to Miss Carpenter. He 
followed farming for some years, and was 
elected sheriff in 1S39. — serving one term. He 
later served as alderman from the Fourth 
Ward in Ottumwa, being about the only Dem- 
ucr;itic alderman ever elected from that ward. 

I lis wife died in 1876, aged fort_\-rnc years, 
ka\ing three children: Mrs. W. .\. Carnes, 
of ()\a; John W. (jra}-, now chief of 
|)olice of Ottinnwa: and James I), lie foi'med 
a second marital union by wedding lilcanor 
Bed well, who died in 1894. Mr. (}ray started 
a grocery store near the I'allingall Hotel, in 
1878, and conducted it tnider the linn name oi 
L. ]•'. (iray & Sons for two years. During thir. 
time he had formed a stock company and pros- 
pected for mineral water, and in 1880 bored 
an artesian well in East Ottumwa, which suj)- 
lies an abundance of water. He had formerlv 
been at Colfax ;uid liuilt the lirst large hotel 
there. In 1880, at a cost of $30,000, he erect- 
ed a hotel on the site of James D. Gray's pres- 
ent bottlery works at Ottumwa, and conducted 

1 h as a sanitarium. The water is \cry stronglv 
impregnated with sulphates of magnesia and 
iron, and is line as a remedy for rheumatism 
and .stomach trouble. L. E. Gray sold out this 
establishment about 1890. to E. K. Shelton, 
who conducted it until it was destroyed by fire 
ii, i8y_'. James 1). (iray. who had worked 
as clerk in the hotel, then jjin-chased the land 
and springs. 

James D. Gray w;is reared in Ottumwa, 
and his tlrst work w;is as partner in the grocery 
lirm of I,. E. (iray & Sons He went west to 

I Kansas, and was united in marriage in 1885, at 
Council Bluffs, Iowa, with Nellie I'edwell. 
They immediately thereafter went to Santa Fe, 
New Mexico, where he engaged in the livery 
business for about one year. After living in 
various towns in New IVIexico and Arizona, 
he returned to Ottumwa, and engaged in the 



bottling business. He |)urcliased the hotel site 
after the (lestruction of the hotel by fire in 
1892, and cleared u]) the debris and built a 
house. He erected his present building in 
1894. ,^-| by 40 feet in dinicnsions. the upper 
part being used fur a residence, and the lower 
portion as a bottling works. It is located on 
Vernon avenue, one block from Main street. 
and the artesian well water flows into the build- 
ing. During the season a large ainuunt of 
l)op is manufactured, — about 2,500 bottles per 
day, — and three wagons are kept busy in deliv- 
ering the goods. He has also built a good 
barn and other outlni^ldings. He does his 
own traveling in the interest of the tlrm. and 
has a \ery large business. 

Mr. and Mrs. Gray have one daughter, 
JreTie S. In politics, Mr. (iray is a Democrat. 
Fraternally, he is a member of the B. P. O. E., 
ancl ser\ed as csipiire two years. He belongs 
to the Knights of Pythias; Abxlern Woodmen 
of .America; W'ootlmen of the World: Forest- 
ers of America; and is worthy president of the 
Eagles. Religiously, he fa\-ors the Congrega- 
tional church. .Mr. (jray was nominated on 
-August \j, J901. in the Democratic conven- 
tion held in Ottumwa, for sheriff of W'apello 
county, and his friends ])redict his election to 
that office. 

l;i-;.\"i«:zer erskixe McELROY, 

counselor-at-Iaw, of Ottumwa, Iowa, 
was born near Greenfield, Ohio, Feb- 
ruary 16, 1849. His father. Thomas 
G. McPlrov, was a soldier in the war of the 

Rebellion, and enlisted in the army when the 
subject of this sketch was fourteen years old, 
leaving him with his mother and fi\e vounger 
chiUlren to care for themseKes on the farm. 
Before leaxing home, the father called the chil- 
dren together and told them that as El>enezer 
was the oldest he should take his place, and 
they must obey him the same as they would 
their father. To the fom'teen-% ear-old boy, he 
said : "'riiere w ill be manv things that will 
l)Other you. (Juestions will come up about 
whether it is best to break certain liekls ; w heth- 
er the wheat has stood the winter, so that it will 
be worth har\esting; whether the stock is fat 
enough to sell; what kind of crcips should be 
put in certain fields, etc. If such tilings bother 
yen, it would be well for you to talk with your 
Uncle Hugh, or .Mr. Smith, al)out them, but 
when you hear what they say. 1 want _\ou to (!;> 
as y(jii please." Throwing this responsibility 
on the boy at an early age probably had much 
iiiHuence 011 his character and jircpared him for 
greater responsibilities. 

The subject of this biograjiby attended 
country scho(>ls inuil he was fifteen years old; 
then he studied for two winters in the high 
school of Greenfield. Ohio, then f(jr three years 
in the South Salem Academy, and then finished 
his course of three years at Cornell Uifixersity, 
in June, 1872, receiving the degree of B. S. 
He took up the study oi law at the State Uni- 
\ersity of biwa. and graduatetl from that insti- 
tution with the class of 1873. 

In August, 1873, Mr. McElroy liicated in 
Ottumwa, biwa. where he has since lived. In 
1875. he formed a partnership with W'. !•".. 




ClianilxTs. and this assixiatiuii cnntinucil until 
tlic death nf tliat gentleman, in 1890. M. A. 
R(jberts was taken into the lirni in uSSj. and 
continued with it until he was elected to the 
office of district judge, in 1895. 

^Ir. McEIroy was married July 2, 1873, to 
15elk' 1 laniilton, nt Circenlield, Ohio. She was 
a nati\e lA that state, and a daughter oi 
'J'homas and Elizabeth ] laniilton. She de- 
parted this life May 10, 1883. She was the 
mother of tivc children: Thomas Clifford; 
Carl E. : Walter II.; Kaljih T. ; an.! h:vaiyn. 
In 1884, he was married to Elizabeth Millner, 
and they ha\e two children. — lulna and Edith. 

Mr. McElroy is an ardent l-ieijublican, but 
has never taken an active part in ])olitical work. 
He has served as alderman of the cit\', and has 
been a member of the school b(jard for over 
eighteen years, and for the last ten years its 
presiilent. He is a member o,f the Iowa State 
Bar Association. 

i:.\"KV rillELirS. who ranks prom- 
inently among the foremost business 
men of Ottumwa. Iowa, is manager 
o| the Ottumwa B(3x Car Loadei" 
Company, and manager, secretary and treas- 
lu'er of the Phillips I-'uel Company, of which his 
father is jjresidcnt. He was born in \'an 
IJuren county, Iowa, in 1858, and is a son of 
Ira and Emily (Henry) Phillips. 

The Phillips family descends from Caleb 
Phiili|)s and many of its members are now lo- 
cated alx)ut Boston. The first of the family 

to come to this country were nine brothers, who 
cnn'gratcd from England sometime between 
if)J4 and i')3o. Wendell Phillips was a de- 
scendant from this family. The first mavor of 
I'oston. John I'hillips, came from the .same an- 
cestry. Ira 1 'hilli])s. father of Henry, was born 
in .Madison county, Ohio, May 28, 1830, and is 
a son of Asa and b'.lizabeth ( Xichols) Phillips, 
his father being a native of Xew York and his 
mother, of Connecticut. Me was one of seven 
sons and six daughters, ami lived in Ohio until 
he re;tclied the age of thirteen years, and then 
came to \'an Puren county, Iowa, where his 
family located and fanned successfullv. In 
1854, he was united in m.'u'riage with lunily 
Henry, who was born in X'ermont, and thence- 
forth worked for himself. He f.irnied in \'au 
I'.uren county until lie came to Ottumwa in 
1875, and was then engaged in mining, and 
also, for some years, in the retail and whole- 
sale fruit business. He bought four acres in 
( West Ottumvwi. which lie still owns. He 
I opened ;in(l operated the lirst coal mines on the 


Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railway, 
northwest of Ottumwa. He and his wife be- 
came parents of two children: Henrv; and 
Orra, who died in \ an Buren county alter ar- 
ri\ing at young womanhood. 

Henry Philli])s was reared in \'an Buren 
c<nmty, Iowa, and attended the common 
schools, after which he took a course in the 
Ottumwa Business College. He accomjianied 
his father's family to Ottumwa in 1875, and 
first engaged in the wholesale candy business 
with Boulton Brothers. He sold his interest in 
this business, and since 1881 has been engaged 



ill the dial liusiiiess. His father cstaljlished the 
Phillips l'\iel Company and opened mines in 
the town of Phillips, wJiich was platted later. 
He continned to o])erate these nntil 1891, when 
he opened mines at Foster. Since the organ- 
ization of tins company, Henr\- Pliillips has 
heen secretary, treasiu'er and manager. His 
father has not been in active Inisiness since the 
earlv "nineties," hut lives near his son, Henry, 
having liiiilt a line home on West l''om-th street. 
The Otliinnva Bo.k Car Loader Company was 
estahlished in October, 1899, by Henry Phillips 
and W. E. Hunt, the inventors and promoters. 
The business was started, and the ni;niuf;icture 
was begini at the Union Iron Works building, 
in Ottuinwa, but the city donated $2,500 to lo- 
cate the plant, which was built in 1900, and 
occupied in August of that year. The building 
is 73 b\' 160 feet in dimensions, and is con- 
structed I if brick, it is a x'cry complete ma- 
chine shop, arranged especially ior manufactur- 
ing these loaders. The brass casting is done 
at the i)lant now, and .arrangements are in pro- 
gress for installing an iron foundr\' in con- 
nection with it. About six \'ears wei"e spent in 
perfecting the invention and n\an_\' discourag- 
ing features were met and overcome l)efore the 
machine was an assure<l success, 1)iU one bv 
one these were worked out and as the merits 
of the niachine became better known the busi- 
ness constantly increased and is \erv satis- 
factory. Sn]ierinten(lent Hunt, whose entire 
lite has been spent in machine sho]is. has oc- 
cupictl numerous responsible ])ositions, such as 
manager of the Ottunuva Tmn Works and of 

the Hardsocg Manufacturing Comi)anv. .\ 
force of 40 men is employed in the factory, 
and an office force <jf ample size, together with 
two traveling- representatives. Mr. Philli])s 
and Mr. Html also frequentlv make special 
tri])s in the interest (jf the company. The 
machines, complete, are sold at $2,000, and 
the trade is developing \erv rapidly in the 
East, and in Canada. The great feature of 
this machine is that it will load coal witbmU 
breaking and mashing it, as occurs when it is 
loaded in bo.\ cars by any other process, and 
at a minimum expense for lalior. 

Mi\ Phillips was united in marriage with 
.Mice Jiinsew a (l;uiglucr of Dr. J. C. Hinse_\-, 
deceased, who for man_\- years was a prom- 
inent ])hysician of Ottumwa. Mrs. Phillijis 
was born in Ottumwa and is now fortv-two 
)-ears of age. This iniion resulted in the 
birth of three children; Philip P.: Orra A,; 
and Howard .\. In politics, Mr. Phillips has 
always lieen a Republican. Fraternally, he 
belongs to the Royal Arcanum, and bis wife 
is a member of the Ladies' Club. She is a 
member of the Congregational cluu-ch. He 
built a magnificent new residence at the corner 
of l<\jurth and Pbillijjs streets, — one of the 
finest Icjcations in the city. His home is called 
Cireenwdod. a name most ;ip|)ropriate, as his 
grounds resemble ;i ])ark. There are 1)eauti- 
ful shade trees, and the lawn is e.xcellentlv 
kept. Every modern convenience character- 
izes the i)lace, e\en to a ])ri\ate gas ])lant and 
water works. This is tmsurpassed ])y anv of 
the beautiful residences of which Ottumwa 



i)o;ists, and is an (iinanicnt to tlie city. A 

portrait of Mr. i'liillips afCdinpaiiics tliis 



EORGE F. HEINDEL, attorney-at- 
law at Ottiinnva, Wapello county, 
Iowa, i.s a well-known resident of that 
citv. He was born in Gratiot, Wis- 
consin, in 1869, and is a son of Lewis and 
Emma (Rodolf) Heindel. 

Lewis Heindel was born in Lafayette coun- 
ty, Wisconsin, in 1841, where he was reared 
and schooled. He prepared for a business ca- 
reer, and engaged in mercliaudisinj^-. He is 
now a merchant and banker of South Wayne, 
Wisconsin, and is one of the prominent and in- 
fluential business men of that city. He married 
limma Rodolf. who was born in Lafayette 
countv. Wisconsin, and to them were born tni.' 
children, as follows: George F. ; Marcus L., 
a farmer; Wilfred L., who is associated with 
his father in the mercantile business: Roy L.. 
who is a teaclier in the Philippines : and Sydney 
C, who lives at home. 

CJeorge F. Heindel received his preparatory 
mental training in the ]>rimary schools of his 
nati\e county, antl in the high school of War- 
ren, Illinois. He then entered the State L'ni- 
\ersity of Wisconsin, at Madison, and gradu- 
ated from the literary and law department of 
that institirtion with the class of i8gi. In 
.\ugust of that year, he located in Ottumwa, 
Iowa, and Ijegan the practice of his chosen 
profession. He was associated with W. A. 
\\'ork from 1892 until 1894, and tiie following 

four years were spent in partnership with E. E. 
McElroy. Since that time, he has practiced 
alone, and has ]xxn very successful. With 
keen ])erceptiou, good judgment, and marked 
e.xecutive ca])acit\-, he is a lawyer of more than 
ordinary ability, and stands high among his 
professional brethren in Ottumwa. 

Mr. Heindel was wedded to Lmma Rein- 
hardt, a native of Ottumwa, and they have one 
daughter. Alary. The subject of this sketch is 
a member of the Commercial Law League of 
America. He belongs to the A. F. & A. M. 
and Royal Arcanum lodges. Politically, he is 
a Demfxrrat, and takes an active interest in 
partv work and organization. 

(JHX B. SCHMIDT, the second son of 
Rern.ard Schmidt, is a mercb.'uit of 
( )ttum\\ ;i. W a])ello county. Iowa. He 
was born in Ottumwa, January 26, 
1 872. His father. I'-LMuard .Schmidt, was born 
in ll;tno\er. (iernian\'. May J~. 1844. He 
married Katrin;i Stuckltui;ni. in iS(>7, and John 
V,. .Schmidt is the secoml cliil<l born to them. 
His mother died, after wliich his father mar- 
ried I'.lizabeth Dunnebrink. Bernard Schmidt 
is a brick-maker by trade. 

John T). .Schmidt, the subject of this .sketch, 
married Libbie Hannan. a daughter of Daniel 
and Libbie (Mason) Haiuian. She was born 
February 1 1, 1877. Daniel Hannan is a native 
of Xew ^'ork. and was born in 1845. He set- 
tled in Iowa in 1871. where he was one of the 
Ottumwa i)olice force for twenty-four years. 



He was chief of police four years, ami is now 
an efficient detective, employed by the Chicago, 
I'.urlinj^ton & Ouincy Railroad Company. His 
children are: May, who was born in 1871, 
married James Stark, ami li\es at Masnn City, 
Iowa; Gertrude, wiio was born in 1873, mar- 
ried Frank Peters, and lives at Creston, Iowa; 
Libbie, .Mr. Schmidt's wife; Catherine, 1x>rn in 
1S7S, a resident oi Ottumwa; and Daisy, born 
in i(SSi. wJiii lixcs at hbme. 

Jojm Schmidt and his wife are memljers of 
tlie CathiiJic church. Mr. Schmidt is an enter- 
prising merchant of Ottumwa, and is highly 
successful. He is a meml>er of the Foresters 
and the i'^agles. -Politically, he is a Democrat. 

.I'.J'.RI" WRHiiiT j()ll.\S(),\, who 
has been a resident of ( )ttiinnva. 
Iowa, since 1878, is at the present 
lime identihed with the firm of Sam- 
uel l.ilburn & Company, packers and shi])pcrs 
of biUlcr and eggs. He was born in Seneca 
county. Ohio, Deccml'.er 10. 1834. 

Mr. bihnson was reared and educated in 
Northern Ohio, and was gra(luate<l from Bald- 
win Cni\ersit\' with the class of 1876. Upon 
Icax'ing college, he entered upon the study of 
law, and soon after cmning to Ottumwa. in 
1878, was admitted to the bar of Iowa. In 
addition to the practice of law. he served as 
principal of the Otlmnwa High School during 
1879 and 18S0. He relimpiislied the legal pro- 
fession in 188;. having become interested in 
the firm of .S;uiiue1 T.ilburn t*t Ci>miian\- in 

1885, which business he has managed since 

1886. They conduct a very prosperous busi- 
ness, ami stand high wherever known. 

In 1884, Mr. John.son was united in the 
bonds of matrimony with Sarrdi Lilburn, a 
daughter of Sanuiel Lilburn. Politically, Mr. 
Johnson is an independent Repulilican. 

OIIN B. DENNIS, one of the progres- 
sive citizens of Ottumwa, Wapello 
county, Iowa, is a member of the lirni 
of Samuel Lilburn & Company, pack- 
ers rnid sliiiJjiLrs of !)utter and eggs. He was 
born in Schuyler county, Missouri, in 1833, 
and is a son of Caswell and Cyrenc ( Vadon ) 

Caswell Dennis was born in Eastern 'i"en- 
nessee, iti 181 7, and is a son of Thomas and 
Charity ( lieason) Dennis, — being one of 12 
children. His parents were both natives of 
Xorlli Carolina, and at an early day mcnxd to 
'i'eiuiessee. His father was of Irish nativity 
and parcnt.'ige. ;inil bis mother was descended 
frijm English ancestors. Caswell Dennis re- 
niiwed from Tennessee to Shelby county, Indi- 
ana, in 1841. ;uid remained there for two years, 
engaged in agricultural pursuits, lie then 
moved to .Schuyler comit}-, Missouri, where he 
was located until he came to Wapello county, 
in August, 1864. He first located in Competine 
township, Init after two years purchased his 
])rescnt farm of 120 acres on section 13. High- 
land (ownshi]). He was united in marriage 
with Cyrene Vadon, who was born in Tennes- 




see. and. was a daiis^iitiT nf \\illi;iin and Mar- 
garet ( Ca])ps) Yadi)!!, lioili natives nf the same 
state. Six children were Itorn nl this union. 
as follows: William .\.. who died in infancy; 
Silas M.. who died in 1887: Elizaheth J., who 
became the wife of j. R. Alexander, of Kansas 
("ity. Missouri, who died in 1900; Sarah E.. 
wife of j. W. McC'orniick, of Ilii^hland town- 
ship: Mary Al., wife of William 11. Stevens, 
who is engaged in business in Ottumw a ; and 
John B.. the subject of this sketch. ?ilrs. Den- 
nis departed this life in 1873, ''t llie age of 
fifty-three years. Mr. Dennis formed a second 
union in 1874, wedding Miss E. J. Capps, who 
was born in Indiana, and is a daughter of Will- 
iam and Anna Ca])ps. He is a highly respected 
citizen of his community, and has man\' friends. 
Religiousl)-. he is a member in giwid standing 
of the Baptist church. 

John B. ]_^ennis received his intellectual 
training in the public schools of C)ttuniwa. and 
took a business course at the Ouiney Commer- 
cial College at Ouiney. Illinois. In 1883. lie 
entered the service of the Eirst National Bank 
of Ottumwa, where he remained until 1889, 
when he purchased an interest in the In-m of 
Sanuu'l TJlburn & Coni])aii\-. Tliev ha\e a \crv 
e.xtensive business, and have met w ith good suc- 
cess. Mr. Dennis is a man of recognized busi- 
ness ability, and is very attentive to his busi- 
ness interests. He is an independent Democrat 
in politics, and served as deputy county auditor 
during 1879. ^"^1 again in 1881 and 1882. He 
is a director in the Ottumwa National Bank, 
and was one of the promoters of the Wapello 
Savings Bank. He is also secretary of the J. 

\\. Scase Compan\-, ;i dry goods lirm. He was 
united in marriage, in 1883, with Brehilda 
r.Ldwcll, of ( )Uumwa. 

HO.M.XS J. I'll 11.1. IPS, ex-mayor of 
( )ltr,ni\\a. whose ])iirlrait is shown 
herewith, is general su])erintendent 
of the Whitebreast Fuel Company of 
Illinois, a compan\' extensively operating in 
Illinois and Iowa. The main otYice has l)een 
k>cated in Ottumwa for some vcars, and the 
entire business of the company is done through 
the office f)f Mr. Philli])s. He was born in 
South Wales in 1841, and is a son of John T. 
and Margaret (Edwards) I'hillips. 

John T. Phillips and his wife l)ccanie the 
parents of nine children, (July two of whom 
are now living: Thomas J.; and Jeanctte, 
widow of Edward E. Ivens, who resides in 
Lucas county, biwa. John T. Phillips war. 

[ engaged in the coal business throughout his en- 
tu'e lile, first in Wales and later in .\merica. 
He died in Lucas county, Iowa. 

j Thomas J. Phillips was but six or seven 

! years old when the family came to .\merica, 
landing in .\'ew Orleans. They then moved to 
.St. Louis, where he was reared, his parents 

, residing in what was then Shaw"s Tower 
Grove, now a park and garden. Aside from a 
good common school education, he has bad no 
assistance, but is entirely a self-made man. His 
first work w;is in the business as an em- 
ploye of the Northern .Mis.souri Coal & Min- 
ing Company, by which he was later advanced 
to be a foreman. Upon the dissolution of that 



company, lie iiiiiiicdiately cnlercd the employ 
of the W. 15. Jackson & Brothers Coal Com- 
])any as a foreman, remaining with them un- 
til 1S79, when he l)ccanie identified with tlie 
W'hitehreast ]"ir-1 Company. He thcrehy het- 
.tered his position, and was thereafter steadily 
advanced nntil he hccame general superintend- 
ent I if the entire compaii}-. lie was mine su- 
perintendent in l.ucas county. Iowa. friMU 187c) 
to 1884, and then served as general superin- 
tendent w itii his oliTices at Cleveland until 1890, 
when he came to Ottumwa, changing the gen- 
eral to this imint. The main offices of 
the comi)any are in tiie Uoi'Ucry I'.uilding, Chi- 
cago, although all <if the business passes 
tlirough the hands of .Mr. Phillips at Ottiunwa, 
as he has charge of all the company property, 
holli in Illinois and Iowa. The coiui)any first 
began operations in Iowa about 1875 or 187O, 
and it is really the ])arcnt of the Colorado 
Vuc\ tk lr<in Company, a mammoth concern, 
ot which J. C. Osgood, formerly president of 
liie W'hitehreast Fuel Company, is now presi- 
(Il-iiI. Mr. Phillips is ably assisted in his work 
by iiis son, J. T. Phillips. They have occu- 
l)ied their present suite of rooms since the 
building was erected by Mr. Bonnifield, who 
aranged the rooms fur the convenience of the 
compan\-. ()Uumwa is the distributing point 
of the company for Iowa, and Chicago for Il- 

Thomas J. I'liilli]>s was united in marriage, 
in Missiiuri. with Isaliclla W'atkins. a native ot 
the b'.ast. who came to St. Louis as a child 
and was a daughter of Henry Watkins. She 
was left an orphan and she. herself, died in 

1891, at the age of forty years, leaving si.x 
children: John T., who is assistant to his 

1 father, and who married .Miss .\therton. of 
.Marion countv, l<iwa. and has a daughter. W'il- 
ma ; Margaret (Campbell), of Lucas county, 
Iowa; Jeanette, who is in the employ of the 
Colorado Fuel & Iron Company, and lives in 
Colorado; Kate, who resides with her father 
at ()ttnni\va: Thomas, who has a ])osition as 
weighing foreman at the mines in Lucas coun- 
ty; and RtUh, who is at Imme. Mr. Phillips 
was marrietl in likjj. to Mary ]\lcHugh, a na- 
tive of the limpire state, and later a resident 

I of Bureau countv. Illinois. 

I In politics, Mr. Phillips is a Democrat and 
served twt> terms as mayor of Ottumwa, — 

! from 1897 to 1901, inclusive. He is a Master 
Mason, having joined the order in iSr);; a 
member of the Knights of l'\lhi;Ls, luning 
served in all the chairs in Lucas county : and 
also a member of the Elks, Eagles, and Druids, 
of Ottumwa. I lis son, J. T. Phillips, is also 
a meiuber of the Knights of P_\thias. 

August 21, 1901, at the Democratic con- 
vention held at Des Moines, Iowa, Mr. l^hil- 
lips was nominated as the Democratic candi- 
date for governor of Iowa. 

R. M. 1!-\XX1STER came with his 
parents to Ottunuwi when eight \-ears 
old, and recci\'ed his primarv educa- 
tion in the public schools, and his col- 
lege degree at the State University of Iowa. 
He decided on the profession of medicine at au 



earlv age, and Umk a ccnirsc df one year's study 
in tlie medical dei)artinein nl" tlie State Uni- 
versity of Iowa. He completed his professional 
training- in the medical department of the Uni- 
versity of Pennsylvania, in 1S94, and was for 
S(jme time employed as physician in the Poly- 
clinic Hospital at Philadelphia. Me served as 
medical examiner for the e"hicag«i, liurling-ton 
& Onincy Railroad Company fur two years, 
and then came to Ottumwa, to engage in the 
general practice nf medicine and surgery. Since 
1898, he has occupied his present suite of 
rooms in the Leighton lllock. Dr. Bannister 
is unmarried, and makes his home witli his 
mother, in Ottumwa. Fraternally, he is a mem- 
ber of the In(Ie])2ndent Order of Odd Fellows: 
the Ancient Order of United Workmen: the 
Royal .\rcanuni : and the rirotherhood of 
.\merican Yeomen. He also belongs to the 
Ues Moines \'alley Medical .\ssociation. In 
pcHtics. he is a Rei)ublican. Religiously, he is 
a member of the Congregational church. 

HARLES A. \V.\LSI 1, whose name is 
familiar not only to W'aptllo c<iunty 
liec.ple, hut to those of the country as 
well, was born in Bentons]X)rt. Iowa, 
Octol)er 14. 1859, but has s])ent the days of his 
nianh(Kid in Ottumwa, remo\ing here before he 
had attainetl his majority and here attending 
the public schools. 

Mr. Walsh has had a busy life, having 
served as county attorney, and under the Bal- 
lingall will became tru.stee of the large Bal- 

lingrdl estate. He was elected a member of the 
Democratic national c mniiltee from Iowa in 
1896, and ininicdiatelx' after was chosen sec- 
retary of the committee, serving during the 
campaign with great credit to himself. In 1898 
he went to Alaska and became interested in 
gold claims near Dawson. During the winter 
he edited a Dawson pa])er: ])ri(:r to that lime he 
was 1 nc < f the managers of the Ottituiwa Daily 
Sun. Mr. Walsh returned from the Klondike 
in ample time to take up his duties as secretary 
ot the Democratic national committee prior to 
the opening of the campaign of 1900. He was 
a delegate to the Kansas City convention, and 
was a warm sup-porter of Mr. I'.ryan. Mr. 
Walsli was reelected secretary of the natioiial 
couTmittce in 1900, a position he now imlds: he 
is also interested in business enterprises, to 
wliich he devotes a part of his time. 

Mr. Walsh was happily married a few years 
ago to Catherine Ma.xon. a daughter r.i 'Sir. 
and .Mrs. J. 1!. Maxon. the fcirmer being f<}r 
several years .superintendent of the Iowa Di- 
\ isiun of the Chicago, Burlington & Ouincv 
Railroad. There is no citizen of Ottumwa who 
has been more prominent before the countrv 
than .Mr. Walsh. 


;).\. HOMl'.k D. 1\-FS. The follow- 
ing extracts from an obituary written 
by Ilenrv W. Clement were pub- 
lished in the Eddyvillc 'fraiLscrif^t of 
Octolier 17, 1867. and reflect to some extent 
the deej) resjKct in which Mr. Ives was held 
by the people of that locality: 



"The startling announcement made on last 
Monday morning of the sudden death of Hon. 
}\. I). Ives, of this city, in Keokuk, cast a deep 
gliMim over tlie entire community. Mr. Ives. 
together with Ins wife, eldest daughter and in- 
fant cliiiil. left this place about two weeks since 
f(jr St. L(nhs, — partially for recreaticjn. par- 
tiallv for the purpose of affording their little 
child the advantages of eminent medical skill, 
and also to visit some of the modern residences 
in the city for the purpose of procuring dia- 
grams for a new residence he was contem- 
])lating erecting on his Cme huilding site mi the 
bluff, in the subiu-bs of our city. 

■■'I'he party concluded tlieir \isit and were 
on their return liii) up the river i in a packet 
when Mr. Ives was suddenly taken ill tjn Sun- 
day night last and died the following morning 
(October 14), at 8 o'clock, just as the boat was 
landing at Keokuk. The t'amily ininiediately 
telegraphed the .sad news to William 11. Dun- 
lap, of this i)lace, and soon after Superintend- 
ent Williams also sent a telegram staling that 
the body would be u]) on the -' o'clock train. 
Accordingly everything was put in readiness. 
and his remains were received and immediately 
taken to the cemetery and buried, 'i'he family, 
o\erwhelme(l with grief, were taken at once to 
their home, where the i-cmaining portion of 
them were waiting. ;uid were kindly cared for 
and \isited by neighbors :uid friends, notwith- 
standing the rumor that his death was caused 
b\' cholera. I'"\en this rci)ort, which soon spread 
abroad through the community, causing many 
to stay awa_\- when the remains came to the de- 
lK)t, did not deter a suflicient numl)er from \'ol- 

unteering their services to assist in the last sol- 
emn duty to the dead, and a large number of 
friends from visiting and caring for the heart- 
broken, desolate, afflicted and e.xhausted family. 
Humanity has been fully repaid, however, for 
not one single case of anything resembling 
the cholera has been seen or felt in our city. 

"Homer D. Ives located in Eddyville at an 
earl\- date, when our little city was in its in- 
fancv. He came here with nothing but a small 
library, a literary and legal education (having 
: prexiously graduated, as we learn, at Yale Col- 
lege and Law School > and an indomitable will. 
The location of mn- town l)eing i)eculiar as to 
the surrounding county-seats, his business ex- 
tended very rapidly and very widely, and he 
l)ecame known in the counties of Wapello, 
! Monroe. Marion. .Vpjjanoose, Mahaska and 
I Keokuk at an e.avly day. He soon became a 
successful ])ractitioner, a man of tuitiring ener- 
gy and will power. 

"Mr. Ives at an early period purchased lots 
in the city, and from time to time, as he became 
able, erected buildings on them. .\t an early 
da_\- he buth the brick storeroom now occupied 
iiy Cliamlierlin l»rothtrs, which formed the nu- 
cleus of the whole l^lock of buildings that now 
surround it. He imjiroved on his i)ropert\- as 
fast as he bought it. and at the time of his death 
his annual income from rents amounted to a 
large sum. 

"Mr. Ives was a]i])ointed agent of P.erdan. 
wlio bought of luldy the original town i)lat of 
l".ddy\ille. lie tlux-w his whole inHuence into 
the work, an<l din-ing bis agenc_\- our little town 
])rospcred, jiropertv sold \'erv readilv, and our 



liupulation increased to almost, if not quite, manner it did, seemed so peculiarly sad. His 
douiile its furmer number. 

"When the proposition fur huiiding the 
bridge across the Des Moines River at this 
point was first made, it was largely due to the 
energy, jjerseverance and tact of Mr. Ives that 
sufficient life was infused into the people to in- 
sure its commencement and linal completi(_)n. 

life as a whole has been a success. He has left 
behind him a good name in the community in 
which he li\ed, at the various bars at which 
he practiced his i)rofession, and in the memories 
of many warm personal friends."' 

A scrap-book, containing writings of Mr. 
l\es in Connecticut and other Eastern papers, 

He was always ready- with a fitting speech, and throws side lights on his character. As early 
though sometimes severe and sarcastic, he was as 1843, he was taking a prominent part in 

usually a harmomzer. 

"Mr. Ives was not only a iniblic-spirited 
man and successfid financier, but he was a g(xxl 
neighbor and kind-hearted man. 'J"o those who 
best knew him and those who associated with 
him most, he possessed rare attractions of char- 
acter and warm veins of feeling. 

"At home. Mr. Ives was one of the most 
social, useful and interesting men we ever 
knew. His family, to whom he was an affec- 
tionate husband and father, regarded him wiUi 
little less than adoration, and he was la\ish 
with his means in furnishing them with c\'ery- 
thing which he thought wonld add to their 
happiness. He was a fine conversationalist, 
and a man who kept pace with the best litera- 
ture of the day, and his taste was culti\ated 
and correct. He was passionately fond of mu- 
sic, and during his whole life was a warm 
patron of tlie art. His taste was jKirticularly 
fine and discriminating, and his home was al- 
ways the resort of our best musical t.alent. 

"We have thus hastily summed uji a ])art 
of the acts and characteristics of the distin- 

public afl^airs, acting w ith the old Whig party, 
and \v;is the author of county and district plat- 
forms and acted as an oflicer in W big connec- 
tions of that day. He was an ardent Whig, 
mid became a Republican when that party was 
th'st organized. 

Mr. hcs was a Yale student and early im- 
bibed \'ale ideas: bis ancestors were among 
those whi> aided to found that great college, 
and during all bis life in the West he never for- 
got his early training. He was a gentleman in 
all that the word implies, and was one of the 
best lawyers that ba\e practiced in Wapello 

H. I). Ives was born in North Haven, Con- 
necticut, in 1814, and. as heretofore stated, 
died ( )clober 14. 1867. He was a son (ff Will- 
iam .and .Mary (Bray) Ives, natives of Con- 
necticut. He was married in 1849 t" Mary 
Eastman, a daughter of Rev. Oliver and Laura 
(Ward) Eastman, natives of the state of New 
"^'ork. There were born to TI. 1). Ives and 
wife: Mary V., wife of Dr. Todd, of Los .'\n- 
geles, California: Carrie E., who married W. 

guished citizen whose decease, occurring in the .\. Hunter: Wilfred 11.. a farmer of Kansas; 



Jennie W.. wile of J. W. Calhoun, of Ottum- 
\v;i, loua; and Vina 13., wile of K. X. Bowden, 
of lirooklield, Missouri. 

lus. K.\i.\i.\ J. ^L^\lk()^. widow 

of the late Martin S. I'nnirny. of 

Center luwushij). Wapclhi cnuity. 

Iciwa. is a native (if Morgan 

cnuntN. ( )liio, and was born July 22. if^35- 

She is a daughter of William and Isabella J. 

( r'atterson) Moore. 

Mrs. Pumroy's i^randfallier. James i'atttr- 
son, was bcirn in ijyJ. of Scutch- Irish an- 
cestry. His ancestors were dri\cn from Scot- 
land to the North of Ireland liy religi<ius i)er- 
.secution, in the seventeenth century. James 
Patterson died at ihc advanced age of eighty- 
seven years, and his wife reached the age of 
ninety years. 

F.lizabeth I'attcrsun. the great-aunt of the 
subject of this sketch, was a sister of James 
I'.-ittcrsi n. The famil\- wris re])ute(l as being 
very wealthy, and Elizabeth was ccjiisidered 
one of the most beautiful belles of Baltimore 
society. During the early period of Xapoleon 
Bonaparte's greatness, his lirother, Jerome 
Biinap;irte, afterward King of \\'est])h;ilia. who 
was visiting in .\merica at tliat time, was pre- 
sented to Elizabeth Patterson, and immediately 
succumbed to her beaut\- and womanly charms. 
After a brief courtship they were united in 
uKirriage. in 1S03. Two sons, Lucien and 
Jerome, blessed the union. Jerome Bonaparte 
was recalled to France after a few vears bv hir. 

brother, the Emperor, who forced him to set 
aside the marriage, as he had in \iew for him 
an alliance with royalty, and the American 
marriage was in the way. Jerome Bonaparte 
returned to I-'rance with tlie hope of reconciling 
his brother to the marriage. InU was disap- 
pointed. Elizabeth remained in America with 
her two sons, but when Lucien grew to man- 
hood he joined his father in l'"rance, taking his 
rightful position in the Bonaparte familv. 
Jerome remained knal to his mother and to 
his country until the time of his death, which 
occin're<l in Washington, District of Columbia. 

Isaliella J. Patterson, the mother of ^Irs. 
Pumroy, was liorn l-"ebru;iry 11. iSjj. In 
1852 she married William Moore. To this 
union were born two children. — James P.. born 
September 1. 1853: and Mrs. Punu'oy. Mr. 
Moore died in i(S''4. and in 1871 his widow 
married William Richardson. This gentle- 
man went west, where he prospected in the 
mountains beyond Lcach'ille. Colorado. He 
was never heard from after that time, and is 
supposed to ha\e been killed by roblicrs or by 
the Indians who infested the mountains at that 

Mrs. Punu'oy was lirst marrieil to Thomas 
R. Buckley, orderly sergeant to General But- 
ler, witli whoni he serx'cd during his celebrated 
camijaign at Xew Orleans, where the General 
gained the cognomen of "Silver Spoon But- 
ler." Mr. Buckley was killed by the cars De- 
cember 22. 1 88 1. On February 27. 1883. the 
subject of this sketch ni;irried Martin S. Pum- 
roy. who was born in Wapello county, and 
raised on the farm which is now conducted b\' 



Mrs. I'uiiiriiy. lie cniiies of ;i tainil\' jf 
fanners, his fatiier. (iriines ruiniM\. hav- 
ing followed that tKcnpatinn all his life. 
Grimes I'nmroy was horn April j, \H22. 
and liis death took place in iSy7. Martin 
S. Pmnrov was for many years one of 
the leading farmers of \\'a])ello connty, and his 
death, which occurred January -'5. 1901, was 
sincerely mourned h\- all in the comnumity. 
lie was a man of nnich intelligence, and always 
kept thoroughh- ahreast with the impro\-e- 
ments which tended to advance his chosen oc- 
cupation. He was an energetic, hard worker, 
and liis place in tlie community cannot he lilled 
I)y any man more ali\e to the interests of his 

Mrs. l'unn"oy, an eslimahle ladv of man\- 
splendid (|ualitie3, has since conducted the farm 
of 25 acres, which is in section 34, township 
72, range 14. She is widely known in Center 
townshi]). Mr. and Mrs. I'unuMy had no 
children, hm raised a hoy. fnmi .\'cw ^'ork, 
who has taken the family name, an.l is now- 
known as John E. Pumroy. lie lives in Chi- 
cago, Illinois. 

of the representative farmers of Center 
townshi]), Wapello county, Iowa, is 
located in section _^_', township jj. 
range 14, and also owns land in section (t of 
the same township. lie was born in \\ai)ello 
county, Iowa, A])ril S, 1865, and is a son of 
J. W. Wellman. 

j. W. Wellman was horn in Kentucky in 
Xoveniher, iSjj, and was a son of .Michael 
Wellman, who was horn in Virginia, and was 
of English descent. This family was estab- 
lished in this country at an early day by three 
brothers, who came from luigland. J. W. 
Wellman was a farmer h_\- occupation, and 
came to Wajjello county, Iowa, in 1851. He 
established, in 1883, the i)ostoffice called Ama- 
dor, of which he was postmaster until his 
death, October ji, 1899. He also conducted 
a grocery store there during the last eighteen 
years of his life, lie married Mary Hendrix- 
son, who was born in Shenandoah, Pennsyl- 
vania, her grandfather having come to this 
country from England. Seven children 
blessed this union, all of whom are now living 
and mainlv follow farming. 

Frank Wellman attended the common 
schools of Wapello county, and at an early age 
began working on the farm, an occupation he 
has followed ever since, in 1891 he acquire<l 
of Tillie Parks his present farm, she having 
purchased it of the Uavid Burton estate, and 
the latter being grantee of Mr. Lawrence, who 
entered the land. Mr. Wellman is a progress- 
ive farmer, anil has made many im])ro\4nients 
upon his land. He has a good house and sub- 
stantial outbuildings, and engages in diversi- 
fied farming. He is possessed of manv high 
(|ualities, and has numerous friends through- 
out this countv, where he has spent his entire 

b'rank Wellman was united in marriage, 
April 18. i88(), with Libbie Brock, who was 
born in Wapello county, Iowa, January 11, 



18OO, and is a daughter of Slielby 1'. and 
Louisa E. Brock. Tlie former was born near 
Xasliville, Tennessee, wliile the latter was 
born at Terre JIaute. Indiana. Her father 
was born February 6, 1836, and is still living. 
He is a farmer by occupation, and was four 
years of age when brought to Wapello county, 
where he remained until 1873, wben he went 
to Pottawatomie count)-. Kansas, where he 
now lives. His father, James Brock, was a 
farmer in the South, where he was l)orn, and 
his grandfather, Thomas Brock, came to 
America from ICngland at an early day and 
followed the trade nt a carpL-ntcr. Mr. and 
^Irs. Wellman have two children : George B., 
who was born October 21, ]88y: and Julia 
Maw born Jul\' (>, 1892. 

)I1N TIIEUXISSU.X (children .spell 
the name Tennvson). ;i highly re- 
spected farmer ni Center townshi]), 
W;i])ell(i ciiunly. Inwa, is living on 
section 32, township ~2, range 14. He is a 
native of Holland, and was born in 1835. He 
was put ti> work on his father's farm very 
early in life, and. therefiire. his educitinn was 
much neglected, although he learned to read 
and write. He was ambitious to better his 
condition, and at the age of eighteen years 
came to .\merica. He s])ent some time in Chi- 
cago before coming to Ii>w;i. He first scltlctl 
in Kei>kuk, Iowa, where he worked at teaming. 
After saving some money he removed to Eddy- 
ville. Wapello county, where he remained fi\e 

\ ears, then moved to his present neighborhood 
and rented for five years, and then bought his 
present home farm. He first bought 52 acres 
in Center townshii) for $450, paying $250 
down. The land was in a wild state, and 
there was nothing on the place but a very rude 
log cabin, not fit U> live in. He managed to 
spend the following winter in this cabin, and 
carlv in the spring which follnwed fi.\ed up 
the house. In 1878 he erected his present large 
frame house. The land is in an excellent con- 
ditiiin. and everything abnut the place is sug- 
gestive of .Mr. ■flieunisson's thrift}- and ener- 
getic management. His farm consists of 131 
acres of valuable land. 

In 1859 Mr. Theunis.son married Dora 
\'andaloo, whose parents came from Holland. 
Mr. and .Mrs. fhcunissDn li;ue eight cliildren, 
iiamelv: Marv .\iiii. hum in i8()i : Julm 11., 
I'orn in 1863; Cornelius, born in i8()5: Will- 
iam H.. horn in 1867; Xellie, born in 1869; 
.Anna .Mary, bnni in 1871 : Elizabeth, born in 
JS73: and Thnm;is, b(irn December 21, 1882. 
The children spell the family name Tennyson. 

Mr. and Mrs. 'flieunis.soii arc members of 
the Catholic church, and their children were 
baptized in that faith. 


hXTON II.VLl-:, deceased, who was 
.1 ]M"omiiient farmer of Center tow n- 
^liip. Wapellci count\-. Iowa, died Oc- 
tober 21, ]90[. He was burn in 

JefYerson count}-, Iowa, in 1844, and was a son 

of Peter and Mar\- Plale. 




Peter Hale ami his wife came I'mni Ken- 
tuck}' to Jefferson county, Jowa, and in 1844 
located in Wapello county, Iowa, where Mrs. 
Hale entered the land where Shelton Hale re- 
sided, on section 12, township 72, range 14. 
The Hale family is a prominent one in this 
country, and the ancestry is traceahle l)ack to 
Sir Mathew Hale, of England. 

Shelton Hale was hut an infant when lie 
was hrought h}- his parents to Wapello count}-, 
and his boyhood was passed in assisting his 
father clear the old home farm. At that earl}- 
day the public school S}-stem had not made 
mucli progress, and his educational ad\-antages 
were very limited, liis serxices being required 
b}- his lather in the work about the farm. At 
the age of tweiity-one he went into the ;iuction 
business, of which he made a grand success. 
He traveled o\-er many states and territories 
making sales, going as far as California and 
New Mexico. He met w ith man}- interesting 
experiences and saw man}- grand sights, one 
of which in particulai- made a deep im[)ressioii 
on him, — a mountain of tire seemingly in the 
center of a lake in Nicaragua, one of tl-ie great- 
est sights in the workl. He finally settled in 
permanent business at Ottuniwa, Iowa, and 
continued there for six xears. when he located 
on the old farm, where he lived until his death. 
The land, of which there are 130 acres, is 
under .t higli state of cultixation, i-iicel}' ini- 
pro\-ed and c(|uii)ped with good, substantial 
buildings, lie followed general farming with 

Mr. Hale was united in marriage, in 1895, 
\viUi Anna Jon^s, Wlio was born in Tennessee 

and comes of a prominent line of ancestors, 
who ha\e been located in this c(.)untr}- for many 
generations. .Mr. I lale was a strong Demo- 
crat in National politics, but in local elections 
voted for the men he thought best for the office. 

:!•: A. (K'Kb.UT. .\mong the 
many well known and highl}- re- 
spected citizens of Wapello count}-, 
is the gentleman whose uaiue ap- 
])ears at the ojiening of these lines, and whilst 
portrait is herewith shown. He is at ijresent 
li\-ing on the farn-i known as the J. L. Mc- 
Cormick fariu, on section 12, Dahlonega tow-n- 
shi]). .\]r. Ockert was born in Warren count}-, 
Illinois, in iiSC)/, and is a son of John and 
Elizabeth Ockert, 

John Ockert was born in German}- and 
came to the United States when twenty-two 
years (jld. lie followed the occui)ation of a 
farmer all his life, and his death occurred in 
1899. He married Elizabeth Reibold. who 
was a nati\-e of (iermany, and their children 
were as folic iws: Erank : Mary; Henry; 
(ieorge; Lizzie: Lee .\. ; Katie; and William. 
Lee A. Ockert, the subject of this sketch, 
lived in Iiis native county until he became of 
age. He attended the Dixon Normal School 
for one year, and later spent some time in 
tra\-eling. He cnne to Wapello county in 
iSi)j, and after s])en(Iing three years in Dahl- 
onega township, he returned to bis home in 
Illinois. In the spring of 1900. he returned to 
Wapello county, where he bought his i)resent 



farm in Dalilonega townshii). It is in the 
soutlieast quarter of section 12. .Mr. Ockert 
carries on general farming and stoci<-raising 
and is considered one of tlie rising young farm- 
ers of Wapello county 

Politically Mr. Ockert is a Republican and 
is serving at i^resent as clerk of the township. 
He is also a meniher of the school board. 
Fraternally lie is a nicnibcr of the M. W". of A., 
of Agcncv, Iowa. Religiously he is a nieniber 
of the Methodist church. Mr. Ockert occupies 
a high place in the esteem of his fellow citi- 
zens, and is a man of more than ordinary intelH- 

AMLl'.L II. I'.URTOX, who has been 
a icsident of \\'a])ello countv. Iowa, 
since 1862, is a native of Waterloo, 
Seneca county. New York. He has 
had a \aried business career and at different 
times was engaged in the practice of law. in sur- 
\cving and in the nKTcanlile business, but since 
1886 he has been k)cated on a farm, purchased 
in 1868, in section 21, township 13, range 72, 
one mile east of the city of Ottumwa, in Cen- 
ter township, where he conducts a truck and 
fruit f;n-ni with nuich success, lie was born 
January 2(j, 1S41, and is a son of John antl 
Elizabeth (Hooper; Ihutou. 

John Burton was a ca])t;iin in the War of 
1812, and was in the b.ittles of Lundy's Lane. 
His father Vvas an Episcopal minister ;ui(l came 
to this country with his family from ]\lan- 
chester, England, in 1798. John accompanied 

his father to this country and took up the legal 
profession, becoming a lawyer of considerable 
prominence. He married Elizabeth Hcjoper, 
who was a lineal descendent of (jeneral Clark, 
a prominent figure during the Revolutionary 
period. The Clark family of this branch has 
long been a very prominent one, and was tirst 
established in this country by Samuel Clark, 
who located in Welherstield, Connecticut, in 
1630, possibly lia\ing come from Devon, Eng- 
land. Tie nio\ed to Rip|)owams, now Stam- 
ford. Connecticut, in 1O40, and died at Bed- 
ford, in 1690. His son, William Clark, was 
liorn in Stamford. Connecticut, in i'>45, and 
died in Betllord in 1712: he was the father of 
Nathan Clark, who was born in 1670 and died 
in 1738. The latter was father of Jehiel Clark, 
born at Bedford, .\ew 'S'ork, in T710 and died 
near Xewbury, L'lster count)', in 1743. Sam- 
i uel Clark, a son of Jeliiel Clark, was born h'eb- 
} ruar\' 17. 1741, and was commissioned lieu- 
tenant by General ^\'ashington at White 
Plains, captain at Poughkeepsie. June 16. 1778, 
and major May 6, 1779, lieutenant colonel at 
I East Line. Saratoga ct)unty. Xew York, in 
\ 1786, colonel at I'.ast Line, ]\Iay 10, 1792, 
brigadier general of the Xinth Brigade at 
Saratoga. July 3. T804. and major general on 
March 8. 1S14. Lydia Clark, second daugh- 
ter of .Samuel C'l.ark. married Pontius Hooper, 
! and li\ed the latter years of her life lO miles 
west of t'linton. Michigan. This union re- 
sulted in the birth of Elizabeth Hooper, mother 
I of our subject. Sei)teml)er 25. 1799. The lat- 
ter died in 1875 at Waterloo, Xew York. 

Samuel H. Ihu'ton attended and was s'rad- 



uatcd friMii the W'ateiido Academv, and be- 
came a teacher at the early age of eigliteen 
years. He subsecjuently tonk u]) the profes- 
sion of land surveying, and at tlie age of twenty 
years came to \\'apell(j county. Iowa, where he 
studied law with judge iiurtun and 1 1. 1!. Hen- 
dershult. He was aihuitted tn the liar in June, 
i86j, and soon after purchased a sliare in the 
Democratic weekly paper called the Mcrcurv, 
which was shortly changed, in 18^)5, to a dailv 
and weekly, pulih'slied hy S.'unuel H. Burton 
iuul S. B. Ex'Bns. During tlmse stirring times 
in this Republican State it recjuired great cour- 
age to advocate the principles of the Douglas 
platform, but, having the courage of his ct)n- 
\icticins, he accDUiplishcd great good fnr his 
]iarty. He conducted this ])aper until 1869, 
and then taught school during the winter 
months and engaged in sur\-eying throughout 
the summer. He later embarked in the gro- 
cery business. Ijut his faith in mankind was too 
great. He gave credit lor goods, and as pay- 
ment was not forthcoming, he was obliged to 
relinquish the business, a poorer but much 
wiser man. He then opened an ofitice as 
county surveyor and civil engineer in 1873, 
and was elected cit\- engineer and cnunty sur- 
veyor a number of years until 1893. 

In 1886 he turned his attention to agricul- 
tural pursuits, moving upon his present farm 
and attended to his office in the city as civil 
engineer, which business he nnw follows when 
not detained by his farm work. This farm 
Avas almost wholly unimproved, there being 
only a log house uixm it when he purchased it, 
in 1868. He lived in this log house during 

1870 and 1 87 1, and then lived in his city home, 
on Elm street, until 1886, when he erected his 
l)rescnt commodious home on the farm. He 
lias been successfully engaged in gardening 
and fruit-raising, and has his farm under a 
high state of cultivation. 

Mr. lUirtiin was united in marriage, in 
1861. wit!) Julia Day, and they were ])arcnts of 
four children : M;i])el, born November 11, 
1863; (irace, b(jrn July 22, 1865; Mary D., 
born December 18, 1869; and Edward B., born 
in 1S71. Mrs. Burton died in 1875. and he 
formed a .second marital union in 1885 with, 
i'hoda 1^. (larbry. by whom he has two sons, 
Frank 11.. 1„ rn .March 30. i885: and Claude 
Clexeland. born July 11, 1888. He is liberal 
in his religi(]us \iews and believes in the 
(iolden Rule more than in creeds. 

.'.( )k(il". W. KITTERM.YX. a well-to- 
do farmer residing in .section 20, 
township -2. range 13. is a veteran 
of the Civil War. in which he served 
wuh bravery, bearing a record of which his 
family may justly feel ])r(nid. He waf born 
November 5. 1843. a"'' •■'^ now the oldest living 
white person born in \\'a])ello county. Iowa. 
His family came from Virginia, and one of 
its most prominent characteristics is longevity. 
Ins maternal grandfather having lived to reach 
the wonderful age of one hundred and four 
years. Elias Kitterman. father of George W., 
held a commission as ensign in the 12th Regi- 
ment, granted in April, 1829, and signed by 



James Morrison, secretary, and LioNcrnor 
James R. Ray. This commission is still a val- 
ued possession of the family. 

George W. Kitlcrman lived in Wapello 
county during his early boyhood, and attended 
the i)ublic schools. He took up the trade of 
an engineer, but in January, 1863, enlisted 
in Company 11, 36th Reg., Iowa Vol. Inf., as 
a private, lie went with his regiment to Lit- 
tle Rock, where he was in the thickest of the 
fight, and then remained there after the battle, 
and did garrison duty until the S])ring of 1864. 
He went on the Red Ki\er expedition, and was 
captured at Mark's Mills. Mr. Kitterman 
next went witli his regiment to Camden, .\r- 
kansas. where they were victorious, and thence 
to Duvall's Bluff, about eight miles south of 
the Saline River, where tlic\- encountered i<<uY 
regiments of cavah"y and were literally cut to 
pieces. Only two men in Company II made 
their escape, the remainder being killed, 
wounded or ca])tured. There remained but 
260 men in the regiment, and. w itli Batler\- K, 
2d .\rtillery. they stood their ground. P.attery 
K had every horse killed, and every man was 
killed or wounded. ^fr. Kitterman was 
wounded in the right shoulder, was carried to 
the Confederate field hospital. ;md remained 
there until paroled about six weeks later. The 
report reached home that he had been killed, 
and his parents had prepared a funeral service 
at home. Mr. Kitterman had been exchanged 
and gilt a furlough to come lifHue, a dav or two 
only, before the services were to In? held. He 
arri\ed home about twelve o'clock one dark 
night, rapped on the door, and was admitted 

by his mother. So certain was she that her 
boy had been killed that she was greatly over- 

] come, belie\ ing she was laboring under a de- 
lusion. With difliculty she was convinced that 
it was her son, in the flesh, and great was the 
rejoicing. He remained at home about thirty 
days, and then went to Keokuk and waited to 
be exchanged. Getting impatient for acti\e 
service, he got transportation and joined his 
regiment at Little Rock, taking the chance of 
again being captured. He was put on de- 
tached duty, going to Brownsville. Duvall's 
Bluff, St. Charles and, finally, to the mouth of 
the White River, where all remained during 
the winter of 1864- 1865. He became commis- 
sary clerk there and remained as such until all 
were mustered out at Brownsville, finally re- 
ceiving his discharge at Davenport, Iowa, in 

■ September. 1865. He returned home and 
hved with his parents about one year, when he 
was united in marriage with Barbara L. King. 
He has since lived in \\'apello county, and at 
the present time is an engineer in the employ 
()f 1 1. T'.. Ostdick. He owns five acres of land, 
on which he built a fine home, and has devoted 

j his land to fruit-raising with much success. 
Mrs. Kitterman is a daughter of Enos and 
Barbara fW}nicn) King. Her father was 
born in I'cnnsyhania, of German parents, and 
came to this county in 1846, being a local 
preacher. He died at the age of seventy-seven 
years. Mr. Kitterman and his wife had nine 
children : Rowena Parker, born in June. 18O7; 
Clara, who was born June 19, 1869, and died 
July 13. 1871 : \\"illiam C, born September 10, 
1872; Lillian L., born September 22, 1876; 




Sarah Jane (I'arker), luini July -'3, 1878; 
]laltic !■'.. Iiiini August _'7, 1880; Lvdia, born 
Sfci)leml)er 11, i88j; luliia, Ixirn April 14, 
1886; anil Xiirris \\'., w hd was Ixirn Januarx' 
26, 188S. and (lici! Oclnhcr J4, iSSc;. Lillian 
L., a graduate nf the high school, is a teacher 
at the Linciijn schmil, uf ()ltuni\\a, and has a 
State certiticate. Lvdia, also a graduate of 
the high school, of Ottuuiwa, is a teacher in 
tlie (Hstrict school of her neighliorliodd. Mr. 
Kitternian takes an intelligent interest in all 
matters of ])ulilic iin])iirlance. and is a liighl\- 
respected member of his community. In poli- 
tics Air. Kitterman is a Republican. Relig- 
iously, a member of the First Baptist church, of 

IJih'.R'r (i. ll.VkROW, .secretary of 

tile ( )ttuni\va Iron Works, whose 

portrait accoin])anies this sketch. 

was born in ()ltuni\\a in i<S5_'. lie 

is a son of l'"rancis M. Ilarmw. ;ind grand-on 

of Charles V. Ilarmw. 

Charles I". 1 1 arrow was an early pioneer 
of Wapello coiun\'. lie was Ixirn in ISi'acken 
Comity, Kentucky, in .Se])tenil)er, 1800. lie 
grew to manhood in his natixe state and was 
married in Fleming county, Kentucky, to 
firacie Frame, in i8_'i. The}- located in 
Montgomery county, Kentucky, and remai;;eil 
there for twelve years, then nio\cd to noth- 
ern Indiana where they li\c(l ten yeru^s. Con- 
cluding to move beyond the Mississijipi, in 
1843, they settled in Wapello county, Iowa; 

a tract of land was purchased in the immediate 

vicinity of the site of the present citv of (Jt- 
lumwa, and the Ottumwa High School on 
West b'ourth street is situated on a part of the 
original Harrow farm. Charles F. Harrow 
was one of the original commissiijuers of Wa- 
pello county, being elected to that office May 
I, 1S44. 

F'rancis M. Harrow, son of Charles F. and 
father (jf the subject of this sketch, was horn 
in Kentucky in 18.26. He came to Wapello 
county, low a, with his parents in 1843. and 
was married in ( )ttuniwa, F'ebruary 18, 1852, 
to Harriet [\ Humphreys. Three children 
resulted fmm this tmion, two of whom are 
now living: Albert (>.; and Frances M., wife 
of I'". F. Hanger, of Little Rock, .\rkansas. 
Mr. Harrow died ( )ctober 31, 1855, and his. 
\ wi<lo\\ died ( ju l'"ebruary 2, 18O4. 

Albert ( i. Harrow recei\ed his primary 
education in his nati\e town, took academic 
\\(irk at the Iowa State Agricultural L'oUege 
at .\mcs, Iowa, ;uid a business course in liry- 
ant iK: .^t ration's liusiness College at Chicago, 
Illinois. He was one of the ])romotcrs of the 
Johnston Ruffier Company, which was or- 
ganized in 1S71, and h;is been identified with 
the business of that linn throughout itamanu- 
facturing period. The Ottumwa Iron Works 
was ])romoted by the same men who so suc- 
cessfully carried on the at'fairs of the Johnston 
Rufller Comjiany, and Mr. Harrow has been 
secretarv of the company since its organiza- 
tion. 1 le was one of the original stc)ckholders 
of the Ottumwa Xational liank and has been 
a director in that institution since 1887. He 
bcljied organize tlie Ottumwa Savings Bank 



in iSSS. and has been nne i>f its directors since 
1895; lie was interested in tlie cstablisliing of 
the \\ai)ell() County Savings Hank, and has 
served as director in tlie same since its incep- 
tion, lie is a stockholder in tlie Batavia Sav- 
ings Bank, tlie Blakeslmrg Savings Bank, and 
in both of the banks at Iledrick, bjwa. He is 
also a stockh.iUler and secretary and treasurer 
of the Courier I'rinling C.>nii)any of Ollumwa. 
and slockh.>lder in the Davml'ort Times, of 
l):.veni)ort. Iowa, lie has ilone his share as 
a iniblic-spirited citizen, assisted in establish- 
ing the citv water works, and was one of the 
_'0 men who brought to Otliiniwa the Dam 
M.iuufacluring Company, in which he is now 
a stockholder. He was also a supi)orter of 
the laniiey Manufacturing Comi)any. in the 
sale of their lots in the i':ast End nl the city. 
Mr. Ihirniw was miitcd in marriage in 
1S77 with Mary C. Carpenter of Ottumwa, 
daughter of Col. S. D. and Sarah A. Car- 
penter. They have reared one daughter. Mary 
(irace. who is a graduate of Kenwood Insti- 
tute. Chicago. Illinois, lie is a member of 
the Wapello e'lub. and was jiresident of that 
organiz.-uion in i<)00 and lyoi. 

l.i:X.\.\nb;U C()1.1:.M.\X, a gentle- who ser\e(l with bravery in the 
Cr.ion army during tli'.' Ci\il War. 
is a prominent farmer of Center 
townshi]). WapL'llo county. Iowa, residing on 
section jo, township ~2. range 13. 

Mr. Ce.leman was born \\\ Scotland, in 

I 1833, and with his parentis embarked for tliiii 
countrv in 1837. but his parents died while at 
sea. He landed in riiiladeli)hia. where he was- 
taken to be raised by a (Juaker f;miily named 
Jones. He was reared on a farm near I'liila- 
delphia until he was twenty-three years old. an(j 
then came west to Illinois, and located in Ma- 
son county, where he worked upon a farm un- 
til the outbre.-ik of the Civil War. lie en- 
listed from Illinois in Company I'. Sib Keg., 
111. Vol, Inf.. and remained in winter (juarters 
and did picket iluty and drilled until the early 
' spring of 1853. 'l"he regiment then went to 
Fort Henry, on the Tennessee Ri\er. thence to 
! Fort Donelson. on the Cumberland River, 
which the L'nion soldiers took, after which the 
regiment went to Corinth, where they had two 
days of h.inl lighting. .\t Fort Donelson 11 
of .Mr. Colcman"s company were killed rmd 22 
wounded. They retired from the tight, re- 
formed the company and regiment, and then 
advanced, took the ])osition and held it. They 
next moved to Coffeeville. Mississippi, scat- 
tering the Confederates, and engaged in fre- 
(|ucnt skirmishes, after which they returned to 
Memphis and went in camp for two months. 
They next went on the Mississipj)! River to 
Vicksburg. and lidd a ])osition on the extreme 
right of the L'nion lines during the siege of 
that cit\'. Tluw then cami)aigned around 
Jackson, Mississi])])i. and carried the ])ositions 
of the Confederates as ihev came to them. 
They fought General Pemberton's forces and 
dro\e them into X'icksburg. where they held 
them until the surrender, ]Mr. Coleman ac- 
comi)anied Cencral Sherman's armv to .\l;i- 



hania, tcarinj^' up railmads ami ilcxaslaliiii;' llii.' 
country as llic'}- went alunt;. alter wliieli lie re- 
turned with his ref^inicnl U) Vickshuri;- am', 
there remained until sijrinij^. They next 
moved to Mol)ile, Alabama, thence to New Or^ 
leans and Dauphin Island. ThcN- took I""ort 
Aldrran, remained there t'or three weeks, and 
then took Spanish Fort, on .Mn]>ile I'.ay, and 
afterward Fort Blakeley. Mr. (.'oleman was 
wounded in the shoulder in the chart;e on 
Rlakelev Island, and was incapacitated for 
fr.rther clutv. h'or bravery shown at Fort 
Donelson he was bre\eted and made color ser- 
gfeant, and also mentioned for meritorious con- 
duct at Corinth and N'ickshurg. and commis- 
sioned as captain. One of his comrades, Jame:; 
Heijiht, who enlisted at the same time, also re- 
ceived the same recognition, and was commis- 
sioned captain ftir bravery. During his ser\-- 
ice he was ne\-er sick a minute, and was always 
on dut\' until discharged and nnistercd out, in 
Julw 1865. He was granted a pension of $20 
])er month, which he still recei\-es. Mr. Cole- 
man then returned to his iiome in Illinois, and 

.Mary .Mderdice in i8f)8, and to them were born 
six boys and two girls, of wIkjui one daughter 
died at the age of four years. Politicallv he 
has always been a stanch Republican. In re- 
ligious views he is a Presbyterian. He has 
made his home in Wajiello county since 1869, 
and has m;niy aci|uaintances (if long \-ears" 
standing throughout this section of the state. 

again engaged in agricultural ])ursuits. 


moved to Wapello county, Iowa, and in i88() 
purchased his present farm in Center town- 
sliip. of Catherine Keezel, whose father re- 
ceived the patent from the government. He 
built a model farm-house and barns and made 
other improvements. He has planted tlK 
farm to berries and has one of the finest berry 
farms in the county. — doing this branch of 
work as much for pleasure as a matter of 

Mr. Coleman was united in marriage with 

vl\iv M.W.X, who is successfully 
engaged in agricultural pursuits 
in section Ji. township J2. range 
13. \\'a])ello county. Iowa, is a 
\-etcran of the Ci\il War, and Ijears an honor- 
able record for service. 

Mr. .Mann was born in England. Novem- 
ber (), iSjj. and came to .\merica in 1849, ^''^^ 
settling in Pennsylvania. In 1854 be came 
west to Des Aloines county, Iowa, where he 
remained eight months, then s])ent four vears 
in lleiiry county, Iowa, when he came to Wa- 
pello county, Iowa, before the advent of the 
railroad in this section. Here he worked in- 
dustriously until i8(,_>, when be enlisted in 
Companv I, ijtb l\eg.. Iowa \"ol. Inf. llis 
regiment went to Benton liar, thence to Pitts- 
burg Landing, where a severe battle was 
fought, his regiment being used as a reinforce- 
ment. I hev went to Shiloh. and then to Cor- 
iiilli, being in an almost continual tight around 
that place. They fought the army of General 
Price, at luka an<l Corinth, and then went to 
Holly Springs, Mississippi, in pursuit of the 
Confederates. Finally the regiment was given 



a rest in guarding a railroad for about six 
weeks. Then it was sent to Memphis, Helena. 
the Yazou River, Milliken's ik'nd and down 
through Louisawa to Grand (Inlf. They then 
l)articii)ated in the engagement at Champion 
hills and in the siege of Vicksburg,— their divis- 
ion and (General Logan's having the honor of 
taking the city when General i'cnibcrton sur- 
rendered. Alter remaining there for two 
months they went to Helena, -Memphis and 
Chattanooga, having marched over 400 miles 
through the enemy's country. They next took 
part in the engagement at Missi.mary Ridge, 
after which they wintered in Alabama. There 
Mr. Mann re-enlisted in the service, and was 
put on provost duty. He was subsequently 
in the battle of Resaca. after which they went 
to Tilden, Georgia, and for eight hours held 
the entire army of CJeneral Hocjd at bay, but 
the Union force was finally surrounded, cap- 
tured and sent .south, where for many weeks 
thev were nearly starved in prison. The Con- 
federate authorities have been greatly censured 
bv manv fur the ill-treatment of pri.soners, but 
Mr. Mann's view is that there were extenu- 
ating circumstances, the Southern soldiers hav- 
ing barely enough to keej) tlu-iiisck'cs from 
starving, .\fter contincment in the South for 
six months be was ])anited. and was mustered 
out in June. iSf)5. lie now receives a pen- 
sion I if ,'?J4 ])er month. 

Upon the close of the war be mo\ed to the 
vicinity of .\gency. Wapello county, and in 
August following moved to the neighborhood 
of Ottumwa. His farm is under a high state 
of cultivalinn, and jjlanted largely to grapes 

and small fruit. In politics he is a strong 
Democrat. Religiously he is inclined to be 

In 1852 ]\]r. Mann married Susanah 
Dwire, of Somerset county, Pennsylvania, by 
whom he had seven children, viz ; Lbenezer, 
deceased; Rebecca (Cool); Isaac; James, de- 
ceased; lulward, deceased; Agnes; and Mary. 

HOMAS TR.VUL, who is Incale.l on 
section 32. township 72, range 13, 
Center townsbij). ^\'apello count}', 
lii\\;i, purchased this farm of 43 
acres of his father's estate twentv years ago, 
and has since been one of the representative 
f;n"mers of the township, lie was born in 
Holmes count\-, ( )liio, in 1S33, and is a son 
of Daniel Traul. 

Daniel Traul was born in Pennsylvania, 
of Cjerman parentage, and nio\ed to Ohio at 
an earl_\- day. there learning the trade of a 
wheelwright. In 1840 he moved west to \'an 
Buren countw Iowa, and three years later to 
\^'apcllo Comity, Iowa, where in 1851 he en- 
tered the 1,'ind now occupied bv his son. It 
was then bottom I;ind along the 1 )cs !\b)ines 
I'Jix-er. and for many years was nothing more 
than grass land. I'lUt as the cf.untrv became 
settled, the bed of the Des Moines River 
ch;mgecl ;niil the land liecame as fertile and 
producti\-e as any in the county. As the ri\-er 
overflows its banks each spring, it keeps the 
land in excellent condition, its fcrtilitv being 
evidenced by tlie fact that in kjoi an average- 




of _^4 husliels lit winter w Ileal Id tlie acre was 
harvested. Mr. Traul .spent tlie declining 
years of liis life in Ottunnva, where he died 
in 1884. at the age of seventy-seven years. 

Tlic^mas Traul was seven years of a.s^e when 
he came with his ])arents fmni ( )hiu tn \'an 
Bureii coimtw jwwa. llis educational ad- 
vantages were ver\' limited. Init lie was pos- 
sessed of good natural ahilitw At an early 
age he was engaged in the winter in hauling 
logs that had heen tloated dnwn the Des Moine.-^ 
River in the spring, the lugs being floated 
<lown what is now the main street of Ottumwa. 
In 1854 he dro\e four yoke of oxen across the 
great western plains for Charles Dudley, and 
uiMin arriving in the West engaged in freight- 
ing. After a time he went to the mines and 
worked until 1859, when he made the return 
trip across the plains. The wagon train met 
Avith many trying experiences and narrowly 
escaped disaster at the hands nf the Indians. 
The Omahas and Pawnees engaged in deadly 
battle with the Sioux, Snakes, Crows and 
Shawnees, iiaving met them when intending 
to. attack the whites. Owing to the disagree- 
ment which brought about the hght, the party 
of wiiicii Mr. Traul was a member was saved. 
A very curious incident of this trip was the 
manner in whicli they were supplied with fresh 
butter. They took several cows with them, 
and the night milk was used, but the morning 
milk was placed in a vessel and attached to a 
wagon, the jar of the wagon churning the 
butter. Mr. Traul has a nugget of gold which 
he found in the mines; it is worth $31, and is 
now being used by his wife as a breastpin. He 

also found a ])iece of c|uart/ in the same way, 
wiirth $1,000. and this he also brought home 
with him. Since returning he has been en- 
gaged in agricultural pursuits, and for the past 
twenty years has been located on his ])rescnt 
farm, lie is a good business manager, and 
has laid by a h.andsome competencx'. 

Mr. Traul has been married three times, 
and had 10 children by his wife, of whom 
two are living, Sarah (Brown) and John. To 
the third wife one child born, l\or\- G. 
-Mr. Traul is inclined to be liberal in his re- 
ligious views. 

B. MOWKEV, one of Ottumwa's 
most substantial citizens, whose por- 
trait is herewith shown, is ])resident 
of the Ottumwa Xational Bank, and 
of the Wapello County Savings Brmk. Both 
are in a ])ros])crous condition, as^' a result of 
their excellent management, and are among the 
most stable institutions of this section of the 
state. Mr. ^lowrey was Ijorn in Knox county, 
Illinois, in 1841, and is a son of John and 
Eleanor ( lUuMiett) Mowrey. « 

John Mowrey was born in Richland county, 
Ohio, and at an early age moved to Knox coun- 
ty, Illinois, wherejie died in early nianhoo<l. 
His miion with Eleanor Burtnett wa.s blessed 
by the birth of seven children, three of whom 
are now living. 

J. B. Mowrey ol)tained his education in 
Knox comity, Illinois, and started in life for 
himself by carrying on farming on the old 



lu>mcstea(l, from 1869 to 1871. He tlicn moved 
ti> .Martiiisl)urg, Iowa, and was engaged in 
stock-buying for sixteen years. In 1877. wlicn 
tlie jchii Ml rrell & Company, Ltd.. ])acking 
liouse was established here, he located in Ot- 
tnmwa. }Ie was the buyer for that company 
until 1888, and in 1889 was engaged in the 
hardware business. In 1890, lie was elected 
president of the Oltumwa National Bank, and 
has been at the head of that institution since 
that time. When the Wapello County Savings 
I'ank was organized, in 1897, '^^ ^^'■i^ made its 
])residtnt, rnid fills that nflicL" at the present 
time. He is a l\e])nblican. in i)i:litics, and was 
a member of the county board of supervisors 
fn.m ^887 to 1 89 1. In 1869 he was joined in 
the bonds of matrimony with Adeline Plum- 

The Ottumwa National I'.ank was organ- 
ized in i88j, having been promoted by H(jn. 
J. (i. Hutchison, Captain C. 1'. Brown, Thomas 
I). Foster, J. T. Hackworth, .Mbert Ci. Harrow. 
"Daniel Zollers, J. C. J. C. Osgood, C. 
O. Taylor, and J. Lodmis. Its capital stock wis 
$100,000. Hon. J. (!. Ifutcbi.son .served in the 
capacity of president until January 1, 1890, 
when J. li. Mowrey was elected his successor. 
Captain C. P. Bniwn was its first cashier, and 
he was succeeded, in turn, by .\. H. Bayson, M. 
B. Ilutchi.son. C. K. Bond, and L. E. Stevens. 
The bank has ne\'er missed ])aying a dixidend 
and has a surplus and undi\idcd ])r(ifit account 
of ^•,2.jj().~,2. The folli)\ving ccnn])ar;iti\e 
statement of the reports to the comi>tro11er of 
the currency abont May i, of the years named, 
shows the wonderful growth of this institution. 

Year. Deposits. 

lH8(i S12.'i,.")71.27 

I.SIH...... 24I.:i()7.4!) 

ISSMi 315.:i88.8:i 

liMIl .">."m,788.i;; 






Total Assets. 



The present directors of the bank are J. T. 
Hackworth, Albert G. Harrow, Thomas D. 
Foster. D. A. La Force, W. B. Searle, E. John- 
sen, Joseph llarnion, John B. Dciniis and J. B. 

v.\.M T. B.\KER, one of the lead- 
ing agriculturists of Center township. 
Wapello cirunty. Iowa, is located on 
section 31, township 7J, range 13, 
where he owns a tract of 50 acres which has 
been in the family since 1862. He was born in 
W'.'irrick ci iunly. Indiana, .\dvcml>er _'4. 1841. 
a.nd is a son of J. <I. Baker, and grandson of 
J. .1,11 Baker. 

John Baker was of Sc;ilch-Irish descent, 
and came to this countrv just previous to the 
Rc\'ohuionarv War, in which he took sides 
with the Colonists, lie was but si.xteen years 
of age and. owing to his recent arrisal, was 
dressed as ;ui b.nglish boy by the general and 
sent out to get valuable information. .^ These 
excursions (if his were alwavs attended 
by great danger, and be met with many 
thrilling experiences. Upon one (jccasion he 
and eight other scouts, all well mounted, were 
sent out to get information fi-oni within the 
I'jiglish lines. Catching sight of a "Red 
Coat," they pro])osed his capture, and. suiting 
the action to the word, tliey spurred their 
horses and were led into an ambush of 40 men. 



The imly altcniatc ti 1 In ipcless liglitini;- was to 
surrenilcr, ami this llicv wmild m H iId. I-".\(.t\- 
brave man nf the parly was kiUed hut Mr. 
BaUer and one nohle coiiiiaile. Tlic latter was 
niountecl uii a thonniijihhrecl horse ami al'ter 
passiiifj the enemy's line cdukl easily have dis- 
tanced tlieni, hut the tdruier, heinj;- 011 a slnwcr 
horse, proposed to get clT and trust to his teet 
for escape. The gallant conu^atle objected to 
this and instructed Mr. I'.aker to ride to the 
left, and he would draw the lire to himselt" 
initil the latter cmld escaiic, and would then 
trust to the fleetness of his horse for his own 
escape. Tliis ruse was successful and they 
both returned to headquarters. 'I'his is hut 
one instance (,f the great dangers he encoun- 
tered ar.d the valualde work in which he wa.S 
engagctl. The only relic the famil\- now pos- 
csscs of tills gallant old soldier is the old chair 
in which he sat during tlie late years of his 
life while relating liis interesting experiences. 
I. ("i. Uaker was born in Warrick count}', 
Indiana, and came to Wapello countw lowrt, 
in October, \X-\4. lie located just north of 
the cemetery, and awaited the opening of the 
land granted iV the government. He then 
entered a piece of land seven miles from Ot- 
tumv.a and remained there until 1856, when he 
removed to Ottumwa becaus^ of the ednca- 
t'onai advantages that city would afford his 
children, in iS6_' he i)urchased the home 
larm in section _^ 1 . township 72, range 1,^, 
Center township, hut lixed in Ottumwa imtil 
his death, uhicii occurred at the age of seventv- 
three vears. 

[ I iiram T. l!;iker was but three vears of age 

when his father came to Iowa, and here he was 
rehired am! schooled. After attending the i)nb- 
lic schools l'<ir a lime he entered a select schoul 
and attended it for five years. He then be- 
came identified with his I'atlier in the hotel 
business in ()ttumw;i, ;iml in i(Sf)_> located on 
tlie larm, to which he succeeded as owner. The 
l)lace was at that time wholly unim])rove(!, hav- 
ing only a log hi use itpou it, which was re- 
jdaced l)y a good frame house, J4 by 34 feet, 
in i(Sr,9. A good barn, a granrn-y and other 
buildings necessary to successful farming were 
erected, and it is now one of the l)est imjiroved 
larnis in its section of the county. He also 
built another house on the I'tirm for a son, but 
I new resides in it himself. He engages in 
\ general fariuing rmd stock-raising, with great 
sitccess, his preference being for Shorthorn 

-Mr. r>akcr was united in m.arriage with 
ll;u-riet .\. Hull. ;iml they h;id fi-ur children: 
j. C, who was born in iS':(}. and died of tpiick 
consuiu])tion at the age of eighteen x'ears : 
Jesse B., a farmer, aged thirty years, who is 
also a painter and jiaper hanger : Rlir.da, who is 
twenty-si.x years old; and I Iiram I... oti elec- 
trician, wiirking for John Morrell & C"om- 
pany, Eimited, who is twenty-two years of age. 
Mr. Baker was a member of the M. E. church 
for twentv-eight rears, and \ery active in 
church work. but. believing the L'. B. church 
tuore seriptm'al, he joined ihat and became an 
active local preacher. L.argely through his 
efforts the church membership has been greatly 



increased, and he lias acc(>mi)lislicd a jjrcat 
deal of good. In politics he has always l)een 
a Democrat, but has taken no active part in 
political affairs. 

i:XR\' MOXIAGXl': is i.nihalily the 
larj^cst dairy and i;arden farmer of 
Wapello county. Iowa, and has an [ 
excellent farm of J45 acres in section 
I, township 71, range 14. He is witliin easy 
access of Ottumwa, to which city he makes 
daily trips and disposes of liis milk and garden 
trnck. He has led a frugal and industrious ', 
life, and liis affairs are in a \ery jirosiiennis 

riie name MdUtagne indicates I'rencl) de- 
scent, l)ut. if so. such descent goes farther l)ack 
than he has any knowledge of. His parents 
were (iermans and lie was l)orn in Oldenburg, 
(lermany. He came tn this CDiintry when 
young, ;uid worked at day lalxir. saving what 
he Could of his earnings until he was able to 
purchase So acres of the farm on which he 
now lives. He first engagetl in general fann- 
ing, and continued it until 1887, when he en- 
gaged in dairying and gardening on a small 
scale. His success w:is such as tn warrant him 
in increasing his business in that line, and be 
now has about 45 head of milch cows, and de- 
votes about 40 acres to gardening. He built 
one of the Largest and best arranged barns in 
^^'apello county and, ;is his business grew, en- 
larged his holdings and now has 245 acres of 
land. He has good buildings for the protec- 

tion of his stock, and his farm is a model of 
ccjiivenience in ever