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Full text of "The history of Washington county, in the Vermont historical gazetteer:"

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HE HISTOR 



WASHINGTON COUNTY 



IN THE VERMONT HISTORICAL GAZETTEER: 



INCLUDING 



A COUNTY CHAPTER, 



AND THE LOCAL HISTORIES OF THE TOWNS OF 



MONTPELIER — CAPITAL OF THE STATE, 

EAST MONTPELIER, 

Barrc, Berlin, Cabot, Calais, Fayston, Marshfield, 

Middlesex, Moretown, Northfield, Plainfield, 

Roxbury, Waitsfield, Warren, Waterbury, 

Woodbury and Worcester, 

BY NATIVE AND RESIDENT HISTORIANS. 



COLLATED AND PUBLISHED BY 

ABBY MARIA HEMENWAY. 



MONTPELIER, VT. : 

VERMONT WATCHMAN AND STATE JOURNAL PRESS. 
1882. 



VHKMONT HISTORICAL GAZETTEEK. --Vol. IV. 

[COPYRIGHT SKCURED TO MISS HEMENWAY FOR VOLS. IV AND V.] 



SUBSCRIPXION PRICEIS- 

Vol. I, II, III, IV. to (Mie Older, or to tlirou<;h suhscrihcrs. in paper, ?5 per vol. ; in 
black clotli, S6: in halt" Russia. $7. Volume iv, alone, in paper. $C^; in I)lack clotli, 
$7: in half Russia, 58. As tiie Publishers have back numbers tor all these volumes 
over tliose to throui^h sul)scril)ers. and to sell this volume alone, breaks a sett, it is 
not the advance that should be expected for a volume enriched i)y nearly a hundred 
more portraits and en^ravint^s than any previous volume, and cannot be promised at 
this price only till three hundred copies may be sold. Vols, i, 11, in, $5 in paper; 
clotii. S6: hal'f iurkey, $7, any vol. or vols. 

Washington County Volume, paj^es 932, $6 in cloth, $6.^0 in half Am. morocco; 
$6.7 j in half Russia, ?7 in all leather. Town Nos. 50 cents each. 

J'osta^e will be prepaid on all numbers and volumes, in jupcr. and particular care 
given to the mailing,' where the subscrijjtion is sent to the Tublisher, with the least 
l^ossible delay. .Mail orders must be paid in advance; express orders, not prei)aid, 
C. (). D . rublishcr's post-office, .Montpelier, Vt. 



Vols. I, II, III, IV, ready for delivery. 

\'ol. I. — The first si.\ \os. : Addison, Bennington, Caledonia, and a i)art of Chit- 
tenden County, including the County Chapter. Vermont History of Lake Champlain. 
IJolton and IJurlington, is ]jrinted in Numbers ; Addison, i ; llennington, 2 ; Caledonia, 
3 and 4; and 5 and 6, Chittenden County — 50 cents per \uml)er. The balance of 
Chittenden and Kssex Counties in a half volume, paper, jjrice i?'2.50 

Vol. II. — The towns of Franklin, Grand Isle, Lamoille and Orange Counties, 1200 
pp. is only printed in whole Volume. 

Vol. III. — The towns of Orleans and Rutland Counties, ])rinled only in Volume. 

Vol. IV. — State Volume, 1,200 pages, only 1,000 copies printed, one-half of which 
are now subscrif)ed for. 

Hack numl)ers can be supplied for yet a time, but Vol. I, Nos. 3. 4, 5 and 6 are 
not stereotyped, and no comi)lete vohmies can be made up after Nos. not stereotyi)ed 
are all exhausted, the work being too expensive to reset. Vols. 11 and ill are stereo- 
tyi)ed and owned by another jiarty, but it would not pay to .rei)rint short of several 
hundred orders in advance, which no one would be likely to give for tiie sake of a 
copy, and who would not order while it can be secured by subscription — so large a 
work at so low a price for .so small an edition, and there would be little encouragement 
to i.ssue Vols. II and iii when \'ols. i, iv and v arc not in market. Tliere would not 
now be a copv of the first half of \'oi. i printed in numbers left, had we not in those 
old days of cheap printing issued an edition six times as large as we are now print- 
ing. Vol. IV is not stereotyped ; the type was taken down as fast as the forms were 
printed for the small edition issued, which had to be small, the cost of printing i.ooo 
cojiies being two-thirds over any State aid yet provided, and there are no reserve 
sheets, except a small number for the County V^olume, none for the .State Volume. At 
first there were sheets laid by, but have been called for and taken for town Nos. and 
the County Volume. For the towns who wished more cojjies of their own history 
than of the whole work a part of the edition of Vol. iv was put into numbers of too 
pages, of which not over 20 copies of .Nos.-i and il only are now unsold ; but of towns 
since pamijhleted. alone or combined* \itli other towns, there jet remain for sale, 
(June 7, 1882) 95 copies and no morepfjL'sbot complete in one No. with Calais less I 
page of its grand list— the new Cat.ot and Calais .No. 

92, .NoKTiii-ii!;i.i), comi)lete in one pamphlet of 100 images, with new lithograi)h por- 
trait, the three State Houses and fifteen other portraits and engravings printed in the 
letter-page. Gov. I'aine. Rev. John (Gregory, C,en. Alonzo Jackman, Hon. State Sec. 
Nichols, Judge Carpenter, etc. 

90. J'l.AiNKir.i.i), Ro.xiuuv and Favsto.n, in one number. 

48, Waitskiici.I), Countv Cmai'TKK, 1)AKRK and r.KKi.iN, in one number. 

The balance of the edition left of Vol. i and \'oIs. iv and v are owned by .Miss Hcm- 
cnway : Vols. 11 and iii by Samuel L. Farman of White River Junction. All papers 
for publication should be sent to Miss Hemenway onlj- ; but both parties at present 
mutually sell the whole work. Miss Hemenway buying of Mr. Farman \'ols. i and 11 
for her sub.scribers, and Mr. Farman of Miss Hemenway, \'ols. i, iv and v, .such being 
the arrangement //•(? /<•///. Agents may apply to either party. 



i:^ 



fc^-- 



>L WMmM^AX'MM^^ k.. 



TO THE IIONORAIVLE I'AUJ. DlLLlNdJlAM, 

I'KK-KMINKNTLY TIIK GOVKKNOR OF WASIIINOTON COUNTY, 

Who g:ivf liis order for one luiiulred copies of the Hist()ry of Waterbury ; 

his portrait to the work ; and is also a contril>iitor 

to tliis volume : 

TO HIS SON— HON. WM. p. DH.LINCillAM, 

SENATOR OK WASHINGTON COUNTY, 187S, 1880, 
Who has variously assisted the work : 

To Sylvanus F. Nye, Ksq., the Town Historian of llerlin, for an order for one 
hundred copies of his Town History : 

To John M. Fisher, Esq., Historian of Cabot, for an order for two hundred and 
twenty-five Numbers of Cabot: 

To L. A. Kent, Postmaster at Calais, for an order for one hundred copies of Calais : 

To V. V. Vaughn, Esq., the Associate Historian of Middlesex, for an order for 
one hundred and twelve copies of his Town History. 

To JosEi'H K. Egerton, Hon. V. I). Bradford, M. I)., Rev. Frederick W. 
liartlett, Hon. Heman Carpenter, for an order for one hundred copies of the His- 
tory of North field : 

To Dudley B. Smith, M. D., Historian of Plainfield, for an order for one hun- 
dred copies of the History of Plainfield : 

To E. P. lU'RNHAM, merchant, A. N. Tilden, clerk and treas., Okkin 1'. ()K( I'TT, 
postmaster, Zed.S. Stanton, Esq., and Wilson J. Si.monds. merchant, of Roxbury. 
for an order for one hundred copies of the History of I<oxl)ury : 

To the Honorable Judge Hastings. W. A. Jones and Dea. K. A. Kiske, for ob- 
taining from the town of Waitsfield, at their March meeting in 1S81, an order for one 
hundred and fifty copies of their History : 

Whose ready co-operation has been very valualjle to us at the most needy time ot 
a work, refiuiring so much outlay and cost while it is i)assing through press ; to all 
these, and our other most worthy and indispensable helpeis, our most earnest and 
cvencrally faithful Town Historians and otherwise extensive Contributors: 

THIS VOLUME, THE COUNTY OF THE CAI'ITAL. IS Afl'Kia I A1 I \(.LY 




EHITOR AND PIIP.MSIHCR. 



ACKNOWLEDGMENTS. 

To the Donors of portraits and engravings, who have amply enriched this vohimc : 

To Curtis Wells, Esq., at Watcrl)ury, for the portrait of Hon. Wm. Wells : 

To tiie Donors of Montpelier Portraits, p. 591, 592, 929: 

To the Donors of Northfickl portraits, ]). 930; especially to Hon. P. D. Bradford, 
M. 1)., who havins; contrilnitcd one to the John Gregory History, contributed another 
specially engraved for this work : 

To the citizens of Montixlier, for having taken already 300 copies of the Montpelier 
Book, from this work ; and for the following names taken in advance for this volume 
bv Chas. DeF. Bancroft: 



K. D. Putnam. Horace W. Smi 

James S. Peck, Mrs. C. W. Will 

Chas. H. Heath, Fred E. Smith, 

John n. Thurston, C. F. Fullerton, 

Charles I3ewey, Fred W. Bancni 

Edward Dewcv, Hiram Carleton, 

Geo. W. Wing, Fred R. Steven; 

L. Bart Cross, Charles E. Woe 

P. P: Pitkin, T. I. Deavitt. 



Horace W. Smith, Homer W. Hcaton, Marcus Boutwell, 



Mrs. C. W. Willard, D. W. Dudley, 
Fred E. Smith, Louis P. (lleas 



Chas. D. F. Bancroft, 



FredW. Bancroft, Wm. H. Clark, 
Hiram Carleton, Mrs. J. L. Lela 

Fred R. Stevens, Oliver Wheeloc 



Louis P. Glea.son, W. H. Wakefield, • 
Dr. W. D. Rcid, A. D. Marble, 



Lawrence Preston, 



Mrs. J. L. Leland, Henry Canning, 
Oliver Wheelock, John P. Soulcs, 



L. Bart Cross, Charles E. Wood, Charles O. Foster, J. A. Locklin, 

P. P: Pitkin, T. J. Deavitt, Arthur D. Farwell, D. A. (hiptil. 

Dr. H. C. Brigham. Charles W. Porter, John R. Seaver, Moses Taylor. 

To Tin-: Arovi: SuBscKiiiKKS.— This subscription was opened on the basis that 
this volume would run 600 to 700 images, with about 30 portraits. It was without the 
tull con.scnt ot the Publisher that any price was fi.xed until the number of pages and 
plates should be ascertained. The cost of the work has been increased by almost one- 
half more images than promised, by every day's delav in press, and the increase of 
plates, which has greatly increased the difficulty and cost of binding. But for con- 
sideration for our Agent, who has spent much 'time in the matter, we would not take 
less for any volume— we ought not to— than the price at which the work is put for 
^jeneral sale. See page 11. Our present bound edition is not so large — but 100 copies— 
>ut that it will soon sell, all the towns in the County having an interest in this volume. 
This County volume costs as much in proportion, without binding, as we sell the State 
volume for. Every binding added is so much loss to the Publisher on this edition. 
We will consent (though we ought not, we have so increased the interest and value of 
the work) to give the cloth binding as an e.xtra to the subscribers, and for other bind- 
ings must have the difference between them and a cloth binding, and the list may be 
filled viz. : in cloth, $5 ; in half roan, $5.50 ; in half Russia, $5.75 ; in full leather,' $6 ; 
and any .subscril)er not willing to accept these terms we will excu.se from taking the 
volume. To all others, the price on page 11. Mi.ss HEMENWAY, AV/. and Pub. 

A COUNTY VOLUME 

Will be published for Ajjoison Cointv, including what is in Vol. i of this work 
and the supi)lemcntary history of the County, in the State edition ; and a volume also for 
Bennington Co., Calei)o\i..\, CiiiTTKXDE.x and Essex— including the pa.st and the 
supplementary history in the State Gazetteer, in one volume, tor any of the above- 
named Counties, provided a subscription for 100 copies be filed with the Publish- 
er, not prepaid, only C. O. D. on delivery, for the same, bv the loth of March next. 
We find tlie people of Washington County manifesting a decided interest in their own 
County, and this offer is made to provide an easy way for the Counties, also, of our 
first volume, to have separate County volumes, with all that pertains to their own 
County hi.story, in one County volume, which, we believe, would be very pleasing to 
the Counties ; therefore, as our back numbers are not man\-, while vet in time to be 
able to do so, we have made the proposed edition, and guarantee for, but 100 copies, 
the price of which we cannot determine till we know how large a supplement will be 
added to each County, but it shall only be in proportion to the price of the rest of 
the work. 

The present Publisher of Vol. in, of this work, has brought it out shortly since in 
two vols., one for Orleans and one for Rutland County. It was a curious oversight of 
Mr. Farman in leaA'ing off the name of the Historiographer and Editor of the work 
from the title page, but he has assured us, he never thought of it, and will put it on 
to the ne.xt edition, and we presume he may consent, should the Counties in Vol. 11 
and 111 wish, when their supplements may b'e completed, they may be combined. 

Mis.s Hemenway. 



"^ \K^ 



^S^' 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



WASHINGTON COUNTY 



WASHINGTON COUNTY — INTRO- 
DUCTORY CHAPTER. 

BY G. N. BRIGHAM, M. D. 

Washington County was incorporated 
Nov. I, 1810, by act of the Legislature, and 
organized Dec. i, 181 1, with Montpelier 
as the shire town, taking from the county 
of Caledonia, Montpelier, Plainfield, Cal- 
ais, and Marshfield ; from Orange, Barre, 
Beflin, and Northfield ; from Chittenden, 
Stowe, Waterbury, Duxbury, Fayston, 
Waitsfield, Moretown, Middlesex, and 
Worcester, and was called Jefferson Coun- 
ty until 1814, when, the Federal party 
coming into power, it was changed to 
Washington. It is about 34 miles from 
north to south, and 31 from east to west, 
between lat. 44° i' and 44° 32', and long. 
4° 10', east from Washington; bounded 
N. by Lamoille and Caledonia Counties ; 
E. by Caledonia and Orange Counties ; 
S. by Orange and Addison Counties, and 
W. by Addison and Chittenden Counties. 
There has been added to it, Roxbury from 
Orange County, in 1820, Elmore from Or- 
leans, in 1 82 1, Warren from Addison, in 
1829, Woodbury from Caledonia, in 1835, 
and Cabot from Caledonia, in 1855. 

On the organization of Lamoille County, 
in 1836, Stowe and Elmore were set off to 
that County, leaving 17 towns ; by the di- 
vision of Montpelier into Montpelier and 
East Montpelier, and the addition of 
Cabot, the County again had its 19 towns. 
The County has also two gores, Goshen 
and Harris', east of Plainfield and Marsh- 
field. Some of the towns on the west 
side, upon the ridge of the Green Moun- 
tains, are hilly and almost inaccessible even 



for timber, though but a small tract can 
be called waste land. 

The surface of the County is somewhat 
broken, but still it may be classed one of 
the be^t agricultural counties in the State. 
The original inhabitants were Abenaqui 
Indians, a fai^ily of the Algonquin tribe. 
From their language comes the name of its 
principal river, which is said to mean the 
land of leeks, or onions, and was first 
written Winoosque, or, as some insist, 
[Mr. Trumbull,] Winoos-ki, two words 
signifying land and leek. There are occa- 
sional relics of this ancient people found 
within this County, and the valley of the 
Winooski was the great highway through 
which they made their incursions upon the 
inhabitants on the Connecticut rive: in its 
early settlements, and through which they 
went and returned in that nad in which 
Royalton was burned. 

In the State Cabinet is a stone hatchet 
found in Waitsfield. About 2 miles beiow 
Montpelier village, on what was once 
known as " the Collins Farm,"' now^ own- 
ed by a Mr. Nelson, 40 rods north of the 
railroad-track, and some 12 rods east of 
the road leading by Erastus Camp's saw- 
mill and house, is found what is evidently 
the remains of an Indian mound. It is 
rectangular in form, and some 40 to 50 
feet across. It has at present an elevation 
of some 6 feet. It has been lowered by 
the present owner of the land some 15 
inches, and a Mr. John Agila says he help- 
ed plow and scrape it down many years 
ago at least 5 feet. Capt. H. Nelson Tap- 
lin, who is 70 years of age, saw,it when a 
boy of ten, and thinks its sides had an an- 



VERMONT HISTORICAL M.A'V/.ZiNK 



gle of about 60 degrees. Mr. Nelson 
found an Indian tomahawk, a spear-head, 
and a relic, showing considerable mechan- 
ical skill, which we are unable to name, 
some few rods south of the mound, while 
plowing his meadow. The mound is situ- 
ated at the opening of a narrow, glen-like 
passage running back among the hills, and 
.is flanked by two opposing bluflfs, the one 
on the west being the most elevated. It 
seems to have been set in a natural niche, 
admirably chosen for its picturesqueness 
and beauty. In front is a level piece of 
land bordering the Winooski, nearly a half- 
mile wide, and li mile long. The soil is 
light and loamy, exceedingly well adapted 
to the growing of their maize. Traces of 
Indian pottery have also been found on the 
lands here described, and also on one of 
the lake-made plateaus ab^ve the village. 
An Indian arrow-head has been found on 
the high land in the rear of the mound ; 
and some 4 miles below, opposite to where 
Mad River empties into Winooski, on the 
Farrar meadow, was plowed up a stone- 
gouge, a spear-head, and a stone-axe, all 
evidently of aboriginal origin, which are 
deposited in the cabinet at the State House. 
The axe is of horn stone of the best qual- 
ity, with a fine edge. The spear-heads 
are made of chert, a species of flint, but 
not the gun-flint ; — one finely preserved. 
Fracturing stone for these Indian imple- 
ments is said to be an art, and usually 
done by old men who are disabled from 
hunting. 

See page 196, 2d Vol. of Champlain's 
History: Upon the Champlain. He says 
" I saw on the east side very high moun- 
tains," &c. [See also Addison for the 
same. Vol. I. this work.] There is no 
doubt the mountains here spoken of were 
Mansfield and CamePs Hump, and the 
Winooski the waters by which they were 
able to go close to the mountains in their 
canoes. 

East of Montpelier, i^ mile, there is a 
large block of limestone which was obvi- 
ously shaped by human hands, and so 
closely resembles the Indian monuments 
for graves, to be seen in the illustrations, 
Ijy Schoolcraft, as to leave little doubt that 



it was originally erected as a tombstone, 
or other memorial of some great aborig- 
inal event. The whole valley was proba- 
bly at one time here and there studded 
with wigwams, and by hunting, fishing, and 
growing of the maize, for many generations, 
the families of the red man subsisted here, 
making a part of that traditional glory be- 
longing to the once far-famed and powerful 
tribe known as the Algonquins. Some of 
the tribe of St. Francis Indians, a family of 
the Algonquins, have lived around the east- 
ern border, or within the limits of this 
County until their families were extinct. 
Among these were Capt. John and Joe. 
Capt. John was with a party of Indians at- 
tached to the American army when Bour- 
goyne was captured. [See Newbury, Vol. 
II.] Old Joe used to make frequent visits 
to Montpelier, stopping for a few days with 
a family living in an old log house, a little 
out of the village on the east side of Wor- 
cester Branch. There he used to run bul- 
lets from lead ore found by him on land a 
little west of what is now called Wright's 
Mills. A young man of this family once 
went in company with Capt. Joe and cut a 
block from the vein of very pure lead, 
which was afterwards purchased by Hon. 
Daniel Baldwin, and melted. Mr. Bald- 
win offered a considerable sum to be shown 
the spot. It was hunted for, but the lands 
in the mean time having been cleared, the 
place could not be identified. It was just 
out of Montpelier village, in this same vi- 
cinity, that a novel system of telegraphing 
was invented in the earliest settlement of 
the County. The mother of a family of 
five children, fearing they would get lost 
in going after the cows in the woods, used 
to send the oldest forward, enjoining him 
not to go beyond the call of the next, who 
would follow, and so of the rest, until all 
were in line, she herself sending forward 
word, and getting answers from the scour- 
ing party, until the cows were brought in. 
In 1760, Samuel Stevens was employed 
by a land-company to explore the middle 
and eastern portions of the New Hamp- 
shire grants, and, with a few others, began 
at the mouth of White River and proceed- 
ed up the Connecticut till they came to 



WASHINGTON COUNTY. 



Newbury. Then finding the head waters 
of the Winooski river, followed it down to 
its mouth at Lake Champlain. This was 
three years before the survey of any lands 
within the limits of the County. In 1763, 
a party interested in the Wentworth 
Grants came to Waterbury and began run- 
ning the boundaries of our western towns. 
In the time of the Revolutionary War 
what was called the Hazen road was cut 
through from Peacham towards Canada 
line, which ran across Cabot, now in Wash- 
ington Co. The line seems to have been 
run through in 1774, and several com- 
panies of Col. Bedel's regiment went on 
snow-shoes over the line to Canada, in 
1 776. Hazen made a road for 50 miles above 
Peacham, going through the towns of 
Cabot, Walden, Hardwick, Greensboro, 
and out to Lowell, which has been of great 
service to the inhabitants since in north- 
eastern and northern Vermont. 

Under the charter King Charles gave to 
the Duke of York, the State of New York 
claimed to the Conn. River and north to 
New France. The old Dutch county of 
Albany, (sometimes called the unlimited 
county of Albany) included by this claim, 
all of the present territory of Vermont. 
A county by the State of New York was 
constituted in 1766 nearly identical to the 
present counties of Windham and Wind- 
sor, called Cumberland, and in March 1770, 
another county by the name of Gloucester, 
comprising all the territory north of Cum- 
berland Co., east of the Green Mountains, 
and Kingsland, now Washington in Or- 
ange County was made the county seat, 
and the first proper session of the court 
held at Newbury. By old maps it would 
appear this county included most, if not 
all of the present territory of Washington 
County. A part of the townships in this 
county had been previously run out in the 
interest of those purchasing patents of 
Gov. Benning Wentworth. Waterbury 
and Duxbury were chartered in 1763 ; 
Stowe, Berlin, Worcester, Middlesex and 
Moretown about the same time. The 
more eastern towns do not seem to have 
been chartered till some years later, and 
upon the maps then representing Glouces- 



ter County is found a tract by the name of 
Kilby, which appears to have embraced the 
town of Montpelier and all, or portions of 
some of the eastern towns, which at one 
time was attempted to be run out in the 
interest of New York claimants. In the 
summer of 1773, we find that a Mr. S. Gale, 
with a number of men, was employed in 
surveying this County in the interests of 
the land jobbers of New York. Ira Allen 
with three men started from the block fort 
on Onion River in pursuit of them. He 
traversed the towns of Waterbury, Mid- 
dlesex, and on up to the fabulous shire- 
town of Kingsland in Gloucester County, 
and down on the east side of the moun- 
tains to Moretown (now Bradford.) Ob- 
taining information of the surveyors des- 
tination and buying spirits and provisions, 
they went again in pursuit; discovered 
his line and by that tracked them to the 
north-east corner of the old town of Mont- 
pelier. Probably from the description of 
the ground where they encamped when like 
to be overtaken, they were on the Town- 
meadow beyond Lightning Ridge. They 
seem to have made a precipitate retreat on 
the approach of Allen's party. Allen 
reached the block fort in 16 days from the 
time he set out. We do not learn of any 
later attempts on the part of the Yorkers 
to survey lands within our County limits. 
New York finding it inconvenient to es- 
tablish jurisdiction over so large a territory . 
as Albany, where for a long time all writs 
of ejectment, executions, &;c., issued from 
and were made returnable to, constituted, 
by act of assembly May 12, 1772, a new 
county on the west side of the mountain 
by the name of Charlotte, which included 
all the old territory of the County of Al- 
bany on the west side of the mountain 
north of the towns of Arlington and Sun- 
derland to Canada line. Thus did the 
State of New York look after us in the time 
of our earliest settlements. Whether any 
part of Washington County had it then 
been inhabited, for it was not till 9 years 
later, would have been returnable to Char- 
lotte County Court at Skeenesboro, now 
Whitehall, is a matter of dispute ; as it is 
not quite certain which range of the moun- 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



tains was followed. By the line made 
when they divided the State into two coun- 
ties, one east and one west of the moun- 
tains, the west towns of Washington 
County would have been so returnable. 
But the jurisdiction of New York, with 
right to annul conti'acts for land obtained 
by charter from the kiiig's governor, was 
not acceptable to the settlers, who soon 
began to cast about for some way to carry 
on municipal regulations more in harmony 
with their feelings. 

Gloucester Co. disajjpeared at the first 
session of the Vermont Legislature, 1778. 
The State was divided into two counties by 
the range of the Green Mountains ; that 
on the east side being called Cumberland ; 
on the West side Bennington ; and Wash- 
ington Co. was divided very nearly 
in the center, north and south. This 
date is nearly three years before Thom- 
as Meade, the first settler of the County 
of Washington, made his pitch in the 
town of Middlesex. We were only two 
years included in Bennington Co., when 
by the formation of the new County of 
Rutland we entered therein, and so re- 
mained during the existence of the old 
Rutland Co. — 4 years and 8 months, in 
which time Middlesex and Waterbury began 
to be settled. When Addison Co. was 
formed, we entered into a new County ex- 
istence with old Addison Co., and so 
•remained with Addison two years, until 
Chittenden Co. was formed, for which a 
part of our western towns were taken, and 
remained with this County many years. 
By the act at Westminster of the new 
Vermont, constituting Cumberland County 
to embrace all the territory east of the 
Green Mountains, the east part of the 
County was first included within its limits ; 
afterward, when Orange County was or- 
ganized it was therein included, and some 
towns were retained in its jurisdiction until 
the organization of Jefferson County in 
181 1. The settlers travelled by marked 
trees, carried their corn on their backs, 
or more frequently drove an ox, with a 
bag of grain balanced across his neck, 
(many miles distant,) to find a mill to get it 
ground. Women and children often went 



to their new homes on rackets, the husband 
and father coming in the year before and 
making his pitch, clearing two or three 
acres of land, and rolling up the old fash- 
ioned log house. Some came in, it is true, 
in stronger force and with more means, as 
Col. Jacob Davis, of Montpelier. 

Nearly 60 townships had been granted 
by Gov, Wentworth before the organiza- 
tion of Vermont in 1778, and several of our 
western towns were among the N. H. 
grants. After the organization of the State, 
the Legislature took the power of making 
grants into its own hands, and both for 
the revenue and encouraging the further 
settlement of the State, proceeded rapidly 
to dispose of its lands. The process of 
procuring these grants seems to have been 
very simple, and followed with quick dis- 
patch . 

A company of resident and non-resident 
men got up a petition to the Legislature 
for the charter or grant of a township, 
specifying the locality. The appointment 
of a standing committee to act upon such 
petition followed, and if the committee's 
report was favorable, which was usually 
the case, a simple resolution for making 
the grant was passed. Then the Gov- 
ernor, on the payment of the required fees, 
issued the charter. Our eastern townships, 
not having been laid out in the Benning- 
Wentworth grants, received their charters 
in this manner from the Legislature of 
Vermont, and were run out mainly by James 
Whitelaw, Surveyor-general of the State. 
After obtaining a charter, a proprietor''s 
meeting was called by a justice of the 
peace or other authorized person, in the 
following form : 

' ' Whereas application hath been made to 
me by more than one-sixteenth part of the 

proprietors of , in this State, to warn 

a meeting of said proprietors ; these are, 
therefore, to warn the proprietors of said 

Township to meet at the house of — , 

Esq., Innholder, in , on (here fol- 
lows the day, the time of day and month) 
.to act on the following articles, to wit : i. 
To choose a Moderator. 2. A Proprietors 
Clerk. 3. A Treasurer. 4. To see what 
the Proprietors will do respecting a Di- 
vision of said Township, and to transact 



WASHINGTON COUNTY. 



what other business as shall be thought 
necessary when met." (Signed) 

Justice Peace. 

In laying out Caledonia Co. there were 
run two gores in the S. W. corner, Goshen 
and Harris, which have been set to this 
County with the towns set off from that 
County to Washington Co. Goshen Gore, 
bounded N. by Marshfield and a part of Har- 
ris Gore, E. by Harris Gore, S. by Orange, 
and W. by Plainfield, contains 2,828 acres, 
mostly covered with excellent timber, great- 
ly enhanced in value by the Montpelier and 
Wells River railroad. Some 50 persons 
probably are residing within its limits. 
Harris Gore contains 6,020 acres ; runs to 
appoint on the N., bounded W. andN. W. 
by Goshen Gore and Marshfield, E. by 
Groton, and S. by Orange. It was granted 
Feb. 25, 1 78 1, and chartered to Edward 
Harris, Oct. 30, 1801. This tract of land 
is also well-timbered for the most part, 
though somewhat mountainous and diffi- 
cult of access. In 1840 it had 16 inhab- 
itants, and has received but very few 
additions since. Gunner's branch rises in 
this gore, passes through Goshen Gore, 
and unites with Stevens' branch in Barre. 
The area of the gores, added to the several 
townships gives us, nearly as can be as- 
certained, 396,233 acres, a large proportion 
of which is excellent for grazmg and most 
of the cereals, and the balance the finest of 
timber lands, except the little crowning 
of the summits of difierent spurs of the 
Green Mountain range. Money was scarce, 
and trade was carried on mostly in neat 
stock, grain and salts of lye. 

Wood ashes were a long time legal 
tender to the merchant, who sold his goods 
to the woodsman, and the merchant paid 
his bills at Montreal and Boston in black 
salts. The common price of wheat was 
67 cents per bushel, best yoke of oxen $40, 
best cows $25, best horses $50, and salts 
of lye $4 to $5 per cwt. 

For goods which the laborers paid for in 
these articles the merchant usually ob- 
tained fifty per cent, of profit ; among them 
— price current — rock-.salt, $3 per bushel, 
common $2.50 ; sugar, brown 17 to 20 cents 
per pound, loaf 42 cents; W. I. molasses 



$1.1 7 per gallon ; green tea $2.00 per pound ; 
broadcleth $S to $10 per yard. 

And still, with these prices for imported 
necessaries, and the low price of their 
products, the settlers, by their frugal habits 
and industry, got on very well on the road 
to competency. 

As our County began to be settled im- 
mediately succeeding the heroic epoch of 
the State, the military system was an im- 
portant feature ot its early history. Every 
township enrolled all of its able-bodied men 
between the ages of 18 and 45, and com- 
panies were formed with commissioned and 
non-commissioned officers, who were re- 
quired to give them one annual drill at 
least — in the month of June. The annual 
"June training" was a day of jollity forpld 
and young ; a regular carnival of fun and 
masquerade, as well as parade — a display 
of the cocked hat, gorgeous epaulette and 
bright cockade ; day of'salutes, waking up 
of officers ; which wake up was a rousing 
volley from the under officers and privates, 
.sometimes taking the door off" its hinges, 
to be followed with a treat, marching and 
countermarching, drinking, toasting and 
sham fights ; a day opened with the ob- 
streperous clamor of the Sergeant's call, 
and followed with the shriek of the fife and 
the noise of the drums. The roads lead- 
ing out of the village where this annual 
inspection and drill was to take place were 
filled with old and young, on foot and 
horseback, in carriages of all patterns, from 
the " one-horse-shay " to the poor apology 
of a kanuck two-wheeled turnout, and all 
crowding on in the grotesque and fun- 
seeking tide, to enjoy the great military 
frolic, called an inspection and drill, or, in 
common parlance, June training. Yankee 
Doodle, fizzle-pop-bang, and the mock cap- 
ture of the Red Coats, were all there. June 
training was an institution, and the militia, 
so stigmatizingly called the "Old Flood 
Wood," figured very conspicuously in the 
history of the county at not a very remote 
day. This, with "Election Day" of the 
old style, must now be considered as fairly 
laid on the shelf, and belong only to his- 
tory. 

In 1805 a turnpike was chartered from 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAzfNE. 



Burlington Court-House, to pass on or 
near the Winooski to the north end of Eli- 
jah Paine's turnpike in Montpelier. The 
Corporators were Daniel Hurlburt, Thad- 
deus Tuttle, Sahnon Miller, John Johnson, 
Martin Chittenden, Jacob Spafford, Charles 
Bulkley and David Wing, jr. ; corporate 
title, "The Winooski Turnpike Compa- 
ny."' The road was opened to the public 
in 1808, the spring before the first session 
of the Assembly in the new State House 
at Montpelier. Gov. Martin Chittenden 
rendered such aid in its construction and 
was so largely interested in it, it was at 
one time called the Chittenden Turnpike. 
Later the stock was mostly, or all, pur- 
chased by Thomas and Hezekiah Reed of 
Montpelier, who were its owners at the 
time it was bought up for the road-bed, 
where it could be thus used, of the Vt. 
Can. R. R. This old road, with fine 
coaches and swift -horses, was for a long 
time_ one of the most popular thorough- 
fares in New England. Particularly when 
the stage lines were in the hands of Mah- 
lon Cottrill, the road was patronized large- 
ly at home and from abroad. Its toll- 
gates and numerous taverns along the line 
are remembered by many : land-marks 
gradually lost in the progress of the cen- 
tury. 

This turnpike with that of Gov. Paine, 
running south from Montpelier, was the 
through line of the country from the Lake 
and Canada to Boston, over which passed 
an immense tonnage and very brisk lighter 
travel, and to which the County road in 
the northeast part of the County was quite 
a tributary. 

In 1824 John Ouincy Adams sent a top- 
ographical party into the State, to make 
surveys with reference to the construction 
of canals. Hon. Daniel Baldwin, a mer- 
chant of Montpelier, received the appoint- 
ment on the commission, and consequently 
interested himself in the public works of 
the State. While holding this appoint- 
ment, he received a communication from 
Elkanah Watson, that it was better to 
look for routes of railways than canals, as 
it was prophecied the railroad system 
would soon supersede the canal. Mr. 



Baldwin conceived the idea of a rail transit 
from this point to the foot of navigation 
through the State, over much of the route 
now traversed by the Ogdensburgh and 
Vermont Central roads, but down the 
Gulf through Williamstown, instead of 
over the summit at Roxbury and down to 
White River — proposing to connect with 
the Lowell anil Boston road then being 
projected toward the Conn. River valley. 
This he laid before the merchants of Bos- 
ton as early as 182;^, in his business visits, 
and in meetings later held for devising 
better communications with the North and 
West. In 1832, Boston merchants and 
others interested, held a meeting to con- 
sider the feasibility of this route, at whidi 
Mr. Parish of Ogdensburgh presided. In 
1833, a charter was granted by the Legis- 
lature for a road by rail through Central 
Vermont. Governor Paine was an able 
manager among the corporators and was 
instrumental in pushing the road forward 
and diverting its proposed route to its 
present line. 

The railroad changed much of the local 
and all the through travel from the turn- 
pike to the rail. 

CONTEST FOR THE STATE HOUSE. 

The first contest for the location of the 
State House was in 1805. In 1792, Cale- 
edonia County was incorporated, but it 
does not appear that the county was fully 
organized until 1796 or '97, when David 
Wing, Jr., was elected one of its Judges. 
Mr. Wing was a resident of Montpelier, 
and, so far as we know, the first Judge 
upon the bench elected within the present 
limits of Washington County. Mr. Wing 
was Secretary of State in 1803. The 
County of Washington was incorporated 
in 1810, and Dec. i, 181 1, the Legislature 
having elected in October the Court and 
County officers — it was fully organized. 
Ezra Butler was chief judge ; Salva Col- 
lins and Bradford Kinne, associate judges ; 
John Peck, sheriff ; Timothy Merrill, 
State's Attorney ; and David Harrington, 
judge of probate : George Rich, County 
clerk; J. Y. Vail, register of probate. 
The Court held its sessions in the Council 



WASHINGTON COUNTY. 



Chamber in the iirst State House, until the 
year 1818, when a new wooden Court 
House was built adjoining the State House 
grounds, that was used until 1843, when a 
brick building was erected, which was 
burned down during the November term 
of the Court, the same year. In the sum- 
mer of 1844, the present commodious and 
elegant brick edifice was erected. During 
the October session of the Legislature of 
1805, holden at Danville, an act was pass- 
ed establishing the permanent seat of the 
Legislature at Montpelier. The location 
of this place so near the geographical cen- 
ter of the State, no doubt, had more than 
anything else to do with the decision. It 
will be remembered the old line between 
Bennington and Cumberland Counties, 
made by the first legislative body of the 
people, was only about a mile below the 
village, while dividing the State from 
north to south. It is the nearest to the cen- 
ter of any proper convening point. Still, 
in this, as in other controversies, Mont- 
pelier and the County were not without 
their able managers and advocates. Da- 
vid Wing, a man of great affability of man- 
ners and highly respected in the State, was 
Secretary of State, and the Hon. Cyrus 
Ware, a profound debater and a great wit, 
was representative of the town. At the 
next sessions, one at Middlebury and the 
other at Woodstock, there was an attempt 
to effect a change in location, but neither 
proved successful. Thus in 1807, four 
years before its organization, Washington 
County finds the Capital of the State with- 
in its limits, which has had much to do with 
its history and prosperity as a County. 
The beginning of a period so important to 
the County deserves something more im- 
portant than a passing notice. We tran- 
scribe a copy of the legislative action : 

An act establishing the permanent seat of 
the Legislature in Montpelier. 

Sec. I. — It is hereby enacted by the 
General Assembly of the State of Vermont, 
that Elijah Paine, Ezra Butler and James 
Whitelaw be, and they are hereby, ap- 
pointed a committee to fix upon a place in 
the town of Montpelier for the erection of 
buildings for the accommodation of the 



Legislature of the State, and to prepare a 
plan for such buildings. 

Sec. 2. — And it is hereby further en- 
acted : that if the town of Montpelier, or 
other individual persons, shall before the 
first day of September, which will be A. D. 
1808, erect such buildings on the place des- 
ignated by the aforesaid committee for 
their acceptance, and shall comi)ensate said 
committee for their services, and also con- 
vey to the State of Vermont the property 
of said" buildings and the land whereon 
they shall stand, and lodge the deed of 
conveyance, duly executed, in the Secretary 
of State's ofiice ; then and in that case said 
buildings shall become the permanent seat 
of the Legislature for holding all their ses- 
sions. 

Sec. 3. — Provided nevertheless, and it 
is hereby further enacted : that if any future 
Legislature shall cease to hold their ses- 
sions in said town of Montpelier, those 
persons that shall erect said building and 
convey the property of the same and of the 
land aforesaid, shall be entitled to receive 
from the treasury of this State the full 
value of the same, as it shall be then fairly 
appraised. 

Passed November 7, 1805. 
A true copy. 
Attest. DAVID WING, Jun., Secretary. 

The committee appointed by the Legis- 
lature located the buildings of the new 
Capitol on grounds a little S. E. of where 
the present State buildings now stand, and 
the Assembly in October, 1808, there met 
and held its session, since which time 
Montpelier has been the permanent seat of 
the Legislature. The old State House be- 
coming somewhat dilapidated and insuffi- 
cient for the growth of the State, in 1832, 
the Legislature passed a second act to es- 
tablish the Capitol at Montpelier, and 
pledging the erection of a new building, 
provided Montpelier would pay into the 
Trea.sury of the State $15,000, one-half 
within one year and the other half in two 
years from the passage of the act. The 
proposition was accepted, and Lebbeus 
Egerton, Supt., and Ammi B. Young, arch'- 
itect, commenced the work in the follow- 
ing spring. A spur of rock was blasted 
from the hill in rear of the old buildings 
to a level desired, and making room for a 
driveway — at cost of $10,000, but giving a 
foundation of solid rock. The elegant 
granite edifice, with its capacious dome, 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



massive arch, and classical columns, so 
light, so unique, might almost be taken as 
a model of art. Good judges have doubted 
if" its equal as a work of art was to be 
found anywhere else in the country. It 
was built of the Barre granite — cost $132,- 
077,22. Unfortunately it was accidentally 
destroyed by fire Jan. 6, 1857, when came 
the memorable contest. A special session 
called by the Governor, met in the old Brick 
Church in Montpelier, Feb. 1 8th following, 
to adopt measures for rebuilding or remov- 
ing the State House. For parliamentary 
ability and adroitness in management, as 
well as the display of wit and eloquence, 
this session stands the rival of any House 
of Representatives of Vermont, or any 
other State. We can give by a few passa- 
ges from the records a faint, and but a faint 
idea of the warmth, tact, wit and logic in 
the statement of arguments which moved 
in this controversy, the vacillating tides of 
feeling and opinion. 

Mr. Bradley, in reply to the idea of en- 
tertaining the pecuniary condition, or put- 
ting up at auction the State House, said, 
"I, for one, do not feel like raising a rev- 
enue from a loan of our institutions, taking 
a town in our grasp, as I would take half a 
lemon, squeezing it dry, and then throw- 
ing away the rind and trying another." Re- 
plying to Mr. Stacy, of Burlington, he 
goes on to say, " the able representative 
of that town has told us, and tnily, no 
doubt, of their wealth, their break-water, 
their custom-house, their steamers smok- 
ing in from all directions, their railroads 
built and to be built, their monument of 
the glorious Allen, whose dust is mingled 
with the earth of their town ; and I could 
not help regretting that the Giver of all 
good had not offered them one more boon 
— the blessing of content." 

In Mr. Dorr's concluding remarks he 
added, " the capitol was located at Mont- 
pelier as a measure of peace. It was to 
build up from a divided, a united and 
homogeneous people. Fifty years of peace 
have been the product of this act of wis- 
dom. I am for going down to no Jerusa- 
lem on the East or the West." If Mr. 
Dorr was the Nestor of that debate, with 



every quality of a parliamentarian and ad- 
vocate, learning, wit, satire, humor and 
subtle logic, as his argument everywhere 
shows, still the satirist and wit of that 
very remarkable assemblage of men was 
Moses E. Cheney, of Barnard. Alluding to 
a remark made by the member from Georgia 
where a town library was offered as a rea- 
son for removal, Mr. Cheney ^ays "Mr. 
Chairman, why don't some of the friends 
of removal say that the Representatives 
and Senators might pursue a brief legisla- 
tive collegiate course of study at the Ver- 
mont University during their sessions ? 
Mr. Chairman, they say that Esq. Ed- 
munds, the counsel for Burlington, talked 
to us an hour, and very little to his credit 
as a man of talents. Sir, do people ex- 
pect a man to work miracles ? Those of us 
who were Representatives in 1855, saw too 
much of his ability to be made now to 
swallow these third house insinuations that 
Mr. Edmunds isn't much. We remember 
how he made us believe gas was cheaper 
than oil to light the State House with, 
when the contrary was the truth, and I am 
bold to say he would have made us believe 
that Burlington was the best place for the 
Capitol if we hadn't known all about it 
ourselves. But, Sir, the State of Vermont 
isn't so large but every man in it knows 
very nearly from his own observation 
where the middle is. Gas, Sir, many of 
us know little about. Mr. Chairman, the 
gentleman from Westford is much con- 
cerned about the morals of Montpelier. 
He says the fires of hell are here ! Sir, I 
had heard of a heaven below, and of a hell 
upon airth, and I must own that when the 
gentleman was depicting the flames which 
seemed to be curling around us, my eye 
at the same instant catching a glance at 
his fiendish look, his horrific glare, for a 
moment I quailed, and inwardly exclaimed, 
I am in hell, for there stands Beelzebub. 
Mr. Chairman, during last Fall's session, 
occupying my old seat No. 190, which has 
since dissolved in smoke, with little to do 
but to gaze at the costly gas chandelier, 
which has since melted with fervent heat, 
I sometimes amused myself with reflec- 
tions upon various members of the house ; 



WASHINGTON COUNfV. 



and, Sir, among them I discovered a Dan- 
iel Webster, a John C. Calhoun, a Henry 
Clay and a Patrick Henry. The gentle- 
man from Castleton, (Mr. Spencer,) be- 
ing out a few minutes since, I had almost 
hoped he would remain out until I had 
paid him a few compliments which might 
appear fulsome in his presence. But, Sir, 
it is not uncommon here in Committee of 
the whole, where wide debate is admissi- 
ble, for gentlemen to go very wide into 
praises of our most distinguished mem- 
bers. Sir, I would then beg leave to say 
that the gentleman from Castleton is my 
Daniel Webster, and I have seen new and 
striking resemblances between these two 
men during the present session, which have 
confirmed me in the belief of their simi- 
larity. For instance, it was said by Dr. 
Wheeler, in a eulogy pronounced upon 
Mr. Webster, that whenever Webster at- 
tempted to argue a bad cause he always 
broke dowti ; never otherwise. Well, Sir, 
the gentleman from Castleton /a//s in 
every effort he makes during this session. 
He is arguing a bad cause, and, like Web- 
ster, having no knack at it, he breaks 
down . I n this respect we see how exactly 
like Webster he is. Mr. Webster was ac- 
cused in his latter days of being bought 
up. But it was not true. Well, it is sur- 
mised by some that the gentleman from 
Castleton is bought up ; but it is not true. 
I do not believe a word of it. The great 
Moses Stuart — as a fearless, good man 
should have done — undertook to make out 
that Webster acted from the best of mo- 
tives ; but it was all of no use. There 
were enough who pretended they knew 
Webster had long been closeted with Cal- 
houn. Mr Webster had a great Moses to 
expound for him, but it didn't do any good. 
Mr. Spencer has a little Moses to apologize 
for him, but I fear it will be entirely use- 
less." This is but a brief synopsis of Mr. 
Cheney's method of satire, which convuls- 
ed the whole assembly for an hour. Com- 
paring the claims of Barnard, as contrast- 
ed with some other towns that had put in 
the plea of fine prospects and healthy lo- 
cations, Mr. Cheney goes on to say : " Is 
Barnard a whit behind any in these re- 



spects ? Why, as to health, the people of 
Barnard seldom think of dying, and the 
children say they will never die . Some old 
men have lived till they were tired all out 
with life, and ha%>e died on purpose; hav- 
ing told their old yarns over until the taste 
was all out of them, they said they had lived 
ever so far beyond all the promises, and 
they summed up by declaring they 'would 
not live alway,' and got up a contrivance for 
quitting the world and got off somehow." 
In a second speech, in reply to some 
strictures made by the gentleman from 
Westford on his previous speech, he gives 
this inimitable touch of satire: "Sir, 
those who say that my Webster and Hen- 
ry are unworthy the names, not only ad- 
mit that my Clay and Calhoun are good, 
but that my devil is perfect." The speech 
of Mr. Cheney, whose profession had been 
that of a singing-master, may well take 
rank with the wit and satire of Curran and 
Sheridan. He is a genuine native speci- 
men, with all the benefit of Barnard hills. 
Mr. Merrill, the member from Montpelier, 
a descendant of the Fassetts, of Benning- 
ton, distinguished himself as a pj^rliamen- 
tarian. The final result of the long, keen 
contest was an act making an appropria- 
tion of $40,000 for re-building the State 
House on its old site in Montpelier. 

SPIRIT OF 1812. 

A second war was opened with Eng- 
land. Party spirit in politics ran high 
through the country. Our State and the 
Capital had its share in the excitement at- 
tending these contests. The Democrats 
thought our nation to have been injured 
and grossly insulted by Great Britain, and 
were staunch advocates of the war, the 
Federals, believing the war wholly unnec- 
essary, as bitterly opposed and denounced 
it. The Democrats in ascendency in the 
State, had a pretty decided majority in the 
County. And as the administration was ap- 
pealing to the country to be sustained, the 
friends of Mr. Madison thought it impor- 
tant some demonstration should be made 
at the Capital of the State. They called 
a war-meeting at the State House, and in- 
dustriously circulated the notice. This 



VERMO^f^ HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



was in February, and the inhabitants 
poured in from the surrounding towns, and 
the neighboring districts, filling the high- 
ways with footmen, horsemen, and loads 
in single and double sleighs, to the place 
appointed for the meeting, as it was also 
understood that the Federal party would 
be there to prevent the passage of any 
resolutions encouraging Congress to a 
declaration of war. When the house had 
become densely packed, one of the com- 
mittee was sent to call on Rev. Chester 
Wright, the settled minister at Montpelier, 
and invite him to open the meeting with 
prayer. He shortly returned, and inform- 
ed his friends that on account of conscien- 
tious scruples, Mr. Wright declined the 
invitation. A low burst of indignation 
followed. The next moment were heard 
calls for "Uncle Ziba ! Uncle Ziba ! ! " 
Instantly a committee man mounted the 
platform, and cried aloud, " Is the Rev. 
Ziba Woodworth present ? If so, he is re- 
spectfully invited to come forward and 
open this meeting with prayer." Mr. 
Woodworth, who had a stitfleg, occasion- 
ed from wounds received at Fort Griswold, 
came forward, stumping through the crowd 
to the platform. Hastily drawing a chair 
before him, he dropped down upon one 
knee, and, throwing out the whole of the 
other leg with a jerk, raised his sharp 
voice, peculiarly emotional, in the invited 
invocation. After a very brief address, in 
the manner of a prayer, he entered into the 
political spirit of the meeting, showering a 
torrent of blessings on our rulers for their 
wisdom, patriotism and fearless stand in 
resisting the aggressions of British tyranny ; 
then he began to ask God's pity on the 
blindness of the enemies of the war, and 
enemies of our blessed country, and His 
forgiveness of their treasonable dereliction 
of patriotic duty, and still more treason- 
able opposition to the wise measures of 
our God-appointed rulers, in such language 
as involved the rebuke of a scorching sat- 
ire. At this stage of the prayer. Judge 
Ware, a prominent war Democrat of the 
town, who was a noted wag as well as a 
hot politician, standing by the platform 
and within reach of the excited speaker. 



reached over, and sharply punching his ex- 
tended leg, in a low, eager, half-whispered 
tone, exclaimed, " That is right ! give it 
to 'em, give it to 'em, Uncle Ziba!" And 
it is said that he did give it to 'em in a 
manner which very likely never had a par- 
allel in the shape of a prayer. The Dem- 
ocrats opened the meeting with a very 
zealous speech for the administration, 
which was often interrupted by applause. 
Mr. Baylies, an astute lawyer and of com- 
manding talents as a speaker, proceeded 
in his reply, and, having to his own satis- 
faction proved the fallacy of the position 
of his rival, commenced a general attack 
upon Mr. Madison and his advisers at 
Washington. He had not proceeded far, 
however, when old Matthew Wallace, of 
Berlin, a tall, resolute man, leaped sud- 
denly to his feet, and, in a voice which 
seemed to be the tocsin of war, exclaimed, 
" Can't stand that ! can't stand that, Mr. 
Chairman ! anything in reason, but, by 
heavens, sir," his eye flashing and fist 
raised, '* I sha'nt sit here to listen to out- 
right treason !" Mr. Baylies, before he got 
through, was hissed and coughed down. 
Resolutions supporting the administration 
were read, and passed with a tremendous 
acclamation. 

The chairman of the meeting in the ear 
ly part of the day was Hon. Ezra Butler 
one of the oldest settlers of the County, 
who was a Democrat. Finding the meet- 
ing likely to be controlled by the Federal 
party, at this time so well organized into 
what was called the Washington Societies, 
he resigned, and the Federals elected Hon. 
Charles Bulkley, a most bitter opponent 
of the war. But when the convention was 
thoroughly represented from the surround- 
ing towns coming in, the war party was 
found to be in such majority they had ev- 
erything their own way, and Esquire Bulk- 
ley, as Chairman of the convention, saw 
his name signed to the war resolutions so 
triumphantly passed, and thus was made 
to give his sanction to what he had intend- 
ed, with his friends, to defeat. The war 
was heartily supported by a large majority 
of the County, and patriotic volunteers 
were not wanting to defend the country's 



WASHINGTON COUNTY. 



honor. When the news of Prevo-st's army 
invading the State reached our inhabit- 
ants, it was but a grand rallying-cry from 
the Border, which was responded to by 
almost every able-bodied man shouldering 
his musket and marching for the fi'ont. 
They flocked from the hills and the glens, 
swarming down the Winooski, the same 
patriotism firing them that characterized 
the Green Mountain Boys in the days of 
Allen and Warner. An example to illus- 
trate may be given in the person of Capt. 
Timothy Hubbard, who, when the news 
of the invasion of Plattsburg, N. Y., by 
the British, reached Montpelier, in Sep- 
tember, 1 8 14, sallied out cane in hand into 
the streets, summoning a drummer and a 
fifer to his side, one of them being a hired 
man, and marching the streets all day 
beating up volunteers to start forthwith to 
the scene of action. And such were his 
appeals, and such the heat of patriotism in 
the community, that before night nearly or 
quite two thirds of the male population 
were enlisted, and ready to march on the 
following morning, which they did, they 
reaching Plattsburg in season to take place 
in the line of battle. Capt. Campbell, of- 
ten known as " old Captain Blue," from 
Waitsfield and vicinity, summoned with 
the same alacrity the war spirits of Mad 
River. Other towns with equal right offer 
their muster-rolls to vindicate their claim 
to equal honors. 

There are a few individuals so prominent 
in the affairs of the State and nation, born 
or residing more or less in this County, it 
seems fitting their names and services 
should be noticed here. And first among 
these stands Gen. Benjamin Wait, a dis- 
tinguished revolutionary veteran and asso- 
ciate of Ethan Allen and the men who 
made the heroic epoch of Vermont. — 
[There will be in Waitsfield, this volume, 
a notice of Gen. Wait.] 

JOHN CLOUD, 

a long-time resident of this County, was 
in many engagements in the Revolution- 
ary War; in his last battle, while leading 
a retreat and firing back, he was shot 
through the thigh, which had to be ampu- 
tated. 



WILLIAM PHEN, 

also an old resident, was in the campaigns 
of the Duke of Wellington. 

[We reserve a sketch of Col. John Tap- 
lin for Berlin, and notice of other eminent 
men here introduced, for the towns to 
which they more specially belong. — Ed,] 

Conspicuously identified with the growth 
of the County or connected with its inter- 
nal improvements were 

JUDGE ELIJAH PAINE, 

living on the borders of tlie County in 
Williamstown. [See vol. II, page 1150. 
Ed.] and his .son, 

GOV. CHARLES PAINE, 

who passed most of his life in the County, 
a man of exceeding active, practical mind 
and indomitable will. In addition to run- 
ning a large manufacturing establishment 
he did more than all others toward secur- 
ing our present railroad facilities. 

HORACE HOLLISTER 

built most of the old County road, going 
north from Montpelier through Calais. 

MAHLON COTTRILL, 

the long-time popular landlord of the Pa- 
vilion, was proprietor of several lines of 
stage in the County, and at one time was 
more largely connected with the public 
travel in this vicinity than any other per- 
son before or since. One of his lines was 
over the great thoroughfare from Boston 
to Burlington and Montreal via Montpelier, 
with coaches drawn by from four to six 
superb horses, and the finest stage equip- 
ments ever known in New England. 
Thompson relates a wonderful feat of a 
driver by the name of Blaisdell, performed 
on this road, which was the difficult and 
dangerous task of leaping from his seat on 
the coach-box on to, and over the near 
wheel-horse to the ground, and seizing the 
pole which had just dropped with a cant 
to run off a precipice 60 feet deep, the 
wheel being within a yard of the edge, and, 
holding also to the neck-yoke, guidng a 
heavy load of passengers safely to the foot 
of the hill. The rock, which is a mile and 
a half south of Waterbury street, on the 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



Moretown side of Winooski river, has since 
been known as BlaisdelPs Rock. 

WILLIAM UPHAM 

was a most remarkable advocate before a 
jury, and his speeches in the United States 
Senate were very highly complimented by 
Daniel Webster. 

SAMUEL PRENTISS, 

as a jurist, said Chancellor Kent in speak- 
ing of him, "Judge Story, the only man to 
be thought of in comparison, is certainly a 
very learned and able man, but I cannot help 
regarding Judge Prentiss as the best jurist in 
New England." He was also held in high 
estimation in the Senate of the United 
States. 

PUBLIC MORALS AND EDUCATION, 

a very active interest in, sprang up in the 
County about the time of its organization, 
the leader of which was Rev. Chester 
Wright ; and which under the influence of 
James H. Langdon extended also to trade. 
In addition to a new impetus in the com- 
mon district-schools, sabbath-schools were 
organized, libraries purchased and lyceums 
formed ; the effect of which was felt in all 
parts of the County, and in 1858, the 
Union School at the Capital was put in 
operation, which has really revolutionized 
the old manner of teaching. Hon. Rod- 
erick Richardson superintended the erec- 
tion of the building, and was chairman of 
the committee-men. The example was fol- 
lowed by other towns. Academies and 
seminaries made their appearance ; one at 
Barre, under the auspices of the New Eng- 
land Universalist .societies, and one at 
Montpelier, under the auspices of the Ver- 
mont Methodist Conference, and one at 
Waterbury, under the management of the 
Baptist denomination. 

The County has also been very creditably 
represented in the number and character 
of its authors and publications, as well as 
many able articles from its pens entering 
into the journalism of different parts of the 
country. 

"The Indian Captive," by Horace 
Steele, was published in Montpelier in 
1812; "Baylies Index," in 3 vols., by 
Hon. Nicholas Baylies, in 1814; Judge 
Baylies published beside a book on Free- 



agency in 1 82 1. "The Battle of Platts- 
burgh," a poem in pamphlet, by Samuel 
Woodworth, in 1815 ; " The Gift," 16 mo., 
a small poetic book, by Miss Sophia Wat- 
rous, of Northfield, published at Montpel- 
ier in 1840. The Rev. F. W. Shelton, 
formerly Rector of the Episcopal Church 
in Montpelier, has published at different 
times " Salander and the Dragon," " The 
Rector of Bardolph, " Chrystaline," " Up 
the River," and " Peeps from a Belfry," 
which have given the author a wide and 
pleasant reputation. Here was also the 
long-time home — atMontpelier~of Charles 
G. Eastman, one of the few American 
poets complimented with notice by the 
Edinburgh critics. Here was published 
his book, some 200 pages, of very fine 
lyrical and descriptive verse. 

The native birdlike melody of some of 
Eastman^'s songs has rarely been equalled 
in our country. An excellent painter of 
nature, he reflects with much felicity the 
living features of the rural life of the Green 
Mountain land. [A full notice of East- 
man and his poems will be found in his 
native Barnard, Windsor Co.] 

Daniel P. Thompson held the most pro- 
lific pen of any man born or ever residing 
in the County, the novelist of Vermont, 
whose books have run through fifty edi- 
tions. [For full notice of, see Berlin.] 

There have also been published in Mont- 
pelier, The Astronomical Discourses of 
Thomas Chalmers in 18 19, Thomas Cook's 
Universal Letter-writer, in 1816; James 
Dean's Vermont Gazetteer, in 1808 ; Life of 
Benjamin Franklin, in 1809; Religious 
Courtship, 1814, The Accident, or Henry 
and Julia, by Wm. Perrin, 1815 ; Peter the 
Great, 1811 ; Infantry Exercise, 1820; 
Thompson's Vermont Gazetteer, 1824 and 
1840; "A Thanksgiving Discourse," by 
John Gridley, wherein was given a con- 
densed history of Montpelier, in 1843; "A 
Geographical Poem" of the County, by 
Ithamer Smith, some years ago; "A His- 
tory of the 13th Regiment," in journal 
form, by Edwin Palmer, Esq., of Water- 
bury, in 1866; in 1870, "The Harvest 
Moon and other Poems," by G. N. Brig- 
ham, M. D. [See Fayston.] 



WASHINGTON COUNTY. 



13 



Other several noted authors have had a 

temporary residence within the County. 
Samuel Hopkins, author of an Ecclesiasti- 
cal History in relation to the Seceders and 
the Puritans ; John S. C. Abbott, and the 
Hon. Isaac F. Redfield, a long-time res- 
ident at Montpelier, and for 25 years a 
member of the Supreme Court of Ver- 
mont, and nearly 10 years its Chief Jus- 
tice, whose more recently published work, 
called a " Practical Treatise on the Law of 
Railways," has become a standard work, 
and given Mr. Redfield, at home and 
abroad, rank with the first of American 
and English jurists. 

The County has sustained within the 
last fifty years two, and much of the time 
five, weekly journals, which have been 
ably conducted for wjiat is known as the 
country newspaper, the " Vermont Watch- 
man,^'' the "-Free /V^.y.r," which was chang- 
ed to the " Vermont Patriot,'''' and more 
recently to the '■'■Argus and Patriot,''^ the 
''Voice of Freedom,'''' now the '■'■Green 
Mountain Freeman,'''' the " Christian Mes- 
senger,''^ and the " Christian Repository. ^^ 

CENSORS : 

Ezra Butler, 1806 ; J. Y. Vail, 1820 ; Jos. 
Reed, 1834; H. C. Reed, 1841 ; H. F. 
Janes, i848;Wm.W. Wells, 1855; Jos, 
Prentiss, 1862; Chas. Reed, 1869; T. P. 
Redfield, 1869. 

PRESIDENTIAL ELECTORS : 

Ezra Bntler in 1804, '20, "28, '32 ; Dr. 
Edward Lamb, 1836; Jos. Reed, 1840. 

UNITED STATES SENATORS : 

Samuel Prentiss, 1831-42; William Up- 
ham, 1843-53; Matt. Carpenter, Senator 
from Wisconsin, born in this County. 

REPRESENTATIVES TO CONGRESS : 

Ezra Butler, 1813-15; H. F. Janes, 
1835-37 ; Paul Dillingham, 1843-47 ; L. B. 
Peck, 1847-51; E. P. Walton, 1857-63; 
C. W. Willard, 1869-73. A son of Judge 
Rice, of Waitsfield, has al.so been a terri- 
torial Representative, and we have fur- 
nished District Judge, Samuel Prenti.ss ; 
and one District Clerk, Edw. H. Prentiss; 
and two District Attorneys, Lucius B. Peck 
and B. F. Fifield. 



S. B. Colby received the appointment of 
first register in the office of the secretary 
of the treasury under Abraham Lincoln. 

Ezra Butler was Governor from 1826 to 
'28; Chas. Paine from 1841 to '43 : Paul 
Dillingham, Lieut. Governor in 1862, '3, 
'4, and Governor in 1865 to '67. Gov. Dil- 
lingham was also Lieut. Governor for 3 
years preceding his election to the chief 
magistracy. 

D. M. Camp and Geo. N. Dale were 
long-time residents of the County ; the 
former being Lieut. Governor from 1836 to 
"41, and the other being the present in- 
cumbent of that office (1869). 

The office of State treasurer has chiefly 
been held by individuals of the County 
since the location of the State House here. 
H. F. Janes, John Spaulding, E. P. Jew- 
ett, Geo. Howes, H. M. Bates and John 
A. Page being the persons receiving at dif- 
ferent times the election to that office to 
1869. 

The office of Secretary of State has also 
been held by County residents : David 
Wing, Jr., Timothy Merrill, C. L. Knapp, 
F. F. Merrill, D. P. Thompson, C. W. 
Willard, Geo. W. Bailey, Jr., and Geo. 
Nichols. Mr. Nichols also was chosen 
president of the last Constitutional Con- 
vention. 

Major Charles H. Joyce, the present 
Speaker of the House of Representatives, 
was a long time resident of this County. 
Timothy Merrill, O. H. Smith, F. F. Mer- 
rill, G. R. Thompson, have been severally 
elected to' the position of clerk of the 
House. David Wing, Jr., of Montpelier, 
was assistant judge of Caledonia Co. in 
1800, and first judge from 1803 to 1805 ; 
Chas. Bulkley, [judge and Ezra Butler, 
see Berlin and Waterbury] ; Cyrus Ware 
of Montpelier was chief judge of Caledo- 
nia Co. Court in 1808. The judges of 
Washington County Court have been Ezra 
Butler in i8ii-'i2; Chas. Bulkley, 1813; 
Dennison Smith, 1814; Ezra Butler, 1815 
to '18, when Jno. Peck presided for one 
year; Ezra Butler from 1819 to '25. Of 
the judges of the State supreme and cir- 
cuit courts Samuel Prentiss, Nicholas Bay- 
lies, Lsaac F. Redfield, Asahel Peck, and 



14 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



Timothy P. Redfield, are or have been 
residents of this County. The first Rep- 
resentatives from this County were Sam'l 
Harris from Middlesex and Jacob Davis 
from Montpelier, who took seats in the 
assembly held at Bennington, Jan. lo, 
1791. Ezra Butler was Councillor from 
1809 to '13, and from 1815 to '26; Nich- 
olas Baylies in 1814; George Worthing- 
ton from 1826 to '30 ; Henry F. Janes from 
1830 to '35; Milton Brown, 1835. 

STATE SENATORS. 

In 1836, by a change in the constitu- 
tion a Senate was substituted for the Coun- 
cil, to which we sent first Arunah Water- 
man and Newell Kinsman two years, and 
after: Jos. A. Curtis and Israel Goodwin, 
1838, '39; O. W. Butler, 1840; Nathan- 
iel Eaton, 1840, '41 ; Paul Dillingham, 
1 84 1, '42, '61 ; Wooster Sprague, '42, '43 ; 
Jacob Scott, '43, 44 : Roderick Richard- 
son, '44, '45; O. H. Smith, '45, '46; Mo- 
ses Robinson. '46, '47 ; Nath'l Bancroft, 
'47, '48; Wm. Carpenter, '48, '49; Asaph 
Town, '49, '50; Leonard Keith, '50, '51; 
C. G. Eastman, '51, ''52; Royal Wheeler, 
'52, '53; Jos. Moody, 'S3, '54; Horace 
Ilollister and James Green, '54, '55 ; John 
Gregory and F. A. Wright, '56-'7 ; Jo- 
seph Poland and Enoch Putnam, ''58-'9 ; 
Calvin Fullerton, '60-1 ; C. W. Willard, 
'60, '61 ; Roderick Richardson, Addison 
Peck and P. D. Bradford, '62, '63; Chas. 
Reed, '64, '65, '66; Denslow Upham, '64, 
'65 ; M. P. Wallace, '64 ; Wm. W. Henry, 
'65, '66, '67; J. H. Orcutt, '66, "68; Chas. 
Dewey, '67, '68, '69; C. H. Heath, '68, 
'69, '70 ; J. H. Hastings, '70 ; Heman 
Carpenter, '70, '71, '72, '7;^] Clark King, 
'7-. ^3^ *74» '75 ; Eliakim P. Walton, '74, 
"75i '76, '77 ; Ira Richardson, '76, '77 ; W. 
P. Dillingham, '78, '79, "So, '81; Albert 
Dwinell, '78, '79, '80, '81. 

WASHINGTON COUNTV RECORD IN THE 
REBELLION OF 1861. 

If in men's minds were doubt whether 
there were those who could uphold the 
honor of their sires in the generation of 
to-day, the illusion dispelled with the an- 
swer to the call for men to defend the 
country's flag ; yeoman and clerk and pro- 



fessional man, with the sound of the fife 
and drum, all moving on, like a sudden 
blast from the north to the terrible storm- 
ing of the ramparts and charge of the 
battle-field, proved more than words can 
blazon the heroism still in the race — a soul- 
working principle profound in the Ver- 
monter, which needed but a spark to fan 
it into a blaze of patriotism. War meet- 
ings were held, union leagues formed, lib- 
eral bounties paid to men, and the fam- 
ilies of those in the field cared for. Our 
heroes and martyrs did well ; where shines 
the lustre of so glorious an epoch, we still 
feel all of our old State pride when we look 
on our war-soiled banners, and hear re- 
cited the later deeds of our sons. Our 
dead are on most of the battle-fields from 
Bull Run to Apomattox ; individual deeds 
they have achieved which will not sufter 
in comparison with the martial prowess of 
any time. Instance our old Vt. 2d de- 
tached as a reserve to the 26th New Jer- 
sey, ordered to carry the heights of Mary's 
Hill. Our Col. Joyce, who had won the 
cognomen of Murat in the regiment, had 
the command. The Jersey boys, meeting 
tornadoes of lead and iron rained from the 
battlements above, surging back, "For- 
ward, Vermont Brigade," cried the gallant 
Joyce, and our gallant 2d : 

'"Tlit'ii came oiirifiiHant Second up. 

And passed them on tlie run;" 
" Vermont nilxlit well be proud that clay 

For every martial son.'' 



"St. Mary's Heights were won." 

Sergeant Bennett, a soldier of intrepid 
daring, was the first to mount the par- 
apets ; as he sprang over the breast-work, 
a rebel officer met him, sabre in hand, and 
aimed a blow, he dexterously parried with 
his musket, and pressed to close quarters 
by several soldiers joining the officer, 
clubbed his musket in a twinkling, ex- 
claiming. "I'll clean you out of here!" 
levelled them all to the earth ; the next in- 
stant tell, pierced by a dozen bullets, and 
expired at once. 

During the battle of the Wilderness, 
after forcing the rebels from strong in- 
trenchments and capturing and holding 
them a half mile in front of the inain line. 



WASHINGTON COUNTY. 



15 

18, 1864; North Anna, Tolopotomy, Be- 
thesda Church. I'ctersburgh June 17, and 
the mine July 30, 1864, Weldon Railroad, 
Poplar Grove Church, Hatcher's Run, 
Peter.sburgh April 2, 1865. 

In the First Regiment Cavalry, in the 
battles of Mount Jackson, F"ort Republic, 
Middletown, Winchester May 25, 1862, 
Surry Court House, Culpepper Court House 
July 10, '62, Orange Court Hou.se, Kel- 
ley's Ford, Waterloo Bridge, Bull Run, 
Ashby's Gap, Broad Run, Greenwich, 
Hanover, Huntersville, Gettysburgh, Mon- 
terey, Lightersville, Hagerstown July 6, 
1863, Boonsboro, Hagerstown July 13, 
1863, Falling Waters, Port Conway Aug. 
26, "63 and Sept. i, '63, Culpepper Court 
Hou.se Sept. 13, "63, Somerville Ford, Ra- 
coon Ford, Falmouth, James City, Brandy 
Station, Gainesville, liuckland Mills, Mor- 
ton\s Ford, Mechanicsville, Piping Tree, 
Craig's Church, Spottsylvania, Yellow Tav- 
ern, Meadow Bridge, HanoverCourt House, 
Ashland, Hawe's Shop, Bottom Bridge, 
White Oak Swamp, Malvern Hill, Ream's 
Station, June 23, Notta#ay Court House, 
Keysville, Roanoke Station, Stony Creek, 
June 28 and 29, 1864, Ream's Station, June 
29, '64, Ridley's Shop, Winchester Aug. 
17, 1864. Summit Point, Charlestown, 
Kearneysville, Opequan, Front Royal, 
Mooney's Grade, Milford, Waynesboro 
Sept. 28, '64, Columbia Furnace, Tom's 
Brook, Cedar Creek Oct. 13, 1864, Cedar 
Creek Oct. 19, '64, Middle Road, Middle 
and Back Road, Lacy's Springs, Wayes- 
boro Mar. 2, 1865, Five Forks, Namozine 
Church, Appomattox Station Apr. 8, '65, 
and Appomattox Court House April 9, 
1865. 

Gen. Wm. Wells enlisted from Water- 
bury. 

In all of the given Regiments the County 
had commissioned officers as high as cap- 
tain. It also furnished men to the ist, 2d 
and 3d Batteries of Light Artillery. Of 
commissioned officers there have been 
killed in battle and died from wounds, 
twelve from the County: Lieuts. A. M. 
Nevins, of More town, David B. Daven- 
port, of Roxbury ; Major Richard B. Cran- 



the Vt. 2d were asked if they could hold 
their position until supports could be 
brought up. '■'■ Send Its amiiuinition and 
provisions and we caA hold it six months 
if you want." Besides the battle of Bull 
Run, the .second regiment, in which our 
County had two companies, was in the 
battles of Lee's Mills, Apr. 15, 1862; Wil- 
liamsburgh. May 5 ; Golding's Farm, June 
26; Savage Station, June 29; White Oak 
Swamp, June 30; Malvern Hill, July i ; 
South Mountain, Sept. 14 ; Antietam, Sept. 
17; Fredericksburgh, Dec. 13; Mayre's 
Heights, May 3, 1863; Sailor's Heights, 
May 4; P'redericksburgh, June 5 ; (iettys- 
burgh, July 3 ; Funckstown, July 10 ; Rap- 
pahannock, Nov. 7 ; Wilderness, May 5-6, 
1864; Spottsylvania, May 10, 12, 14 and 
18 ; Cold Harbor, June 1-12 ; Petersburgh, 
June 18 ; Charlestown, Aug. 21 ; Opecjuan, 
Sept. 19; Fisher's Hill, Sept. 21 ; Mount 
Jackson, Sept. 24; Cedar Creek, Oct. 19; 
Petersburgh, March 25, 1865 ; Peters- 
burgh, April 2 ; Sailor's Run, April 6, and 
after Bull Run. five additional regiments 
participated in these battles, to which al.so 
they would add a few other engagements, 
and in all our County found itself; repre- 
sented in the 6th Regiment by two com- 
panies. In the Seventh Regiment, at the 
siege of Vicksburgh, Baton Rouge, Gon- 
zales Station, Spanish Fort and Whistler. 
In the Eighth Regiment at Cotton, Bis- 
land. Siege of Port Hudson, Winchester, 
Fisher's Hill, Cedar Creek, Newton. In 
the Ninth Regiment, at Harper's Ferry, 
Newport Barracks, Chapin's Farm, Fair 
Oaks. In the Tenth Regiment, at Orange 
Grove, Wilderness, Spottsylvania, Tolo- 
potomy, Cold Harbor, Weldon Railroad. 
Monocacy, Winchester, Fisher's Hill, Ce- 
dar Creek, Petersburgh Mar. 25 and Apr. 
2, 1865, and Sailor's Creek. In the Eleventh 
Regiment, at Spottsylvania, Cold Harbor, 
Petersburgh June 8, '64, Weldon Rail- 
road, Washington, Charlestown, Opequan. 
Winchester, Fisher's Hill, Cedar Creek, 
Petersburgh, Mar. 25, 27, and Apr. 2, 1865, 
and in the Thirteenth at Gettysburgh, 
July 2 and 3, 1863 ; Seventeenth Regiment, 
at the battles of the Wilderness, May 6 to 
9, 1864; Spottsylvania, 12 to 15 and May 



i6 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



dall, of Berlin ; of wounds received at 
Lee's Mills, Apr. i6, 1862, David B. 
Davenport, of Roxbiiry : of wounds at 
Lee's Mills, April 16, '62, Major Richard 
B. Crandall and Lieut. A. J. Davis, of 
Berlin; Captain Luther Ainsworth, of 
Waitsfield; Major Edwin Dillingham, 
Lieut.J.E.Henry,Capt.LucianD. Thomp- 
son, of Waterbury ; Capt. Edward Hall 
and Lieut. A. K. Cooper, of Worcester; 
Lieut. W. E. Martin, of Bane ; Lieut. 
Ezra Stetson, of Montpelier ; Lieut. Isaac 
G.Putnam, of East Montpelier; Lieut. 
Luther B. Scott and Adjutant Abel Mor- 
rill, of Cabot. [Of whom further account 
will be ^iven in their respective towns in 
this volume.] 

Chas. H. Anson, of Montpelier, was 
brevetted Captain for gallantry in the as- 
sault on Petersburgh, April 2, 1865. 

This County furnished for the war 44 
captains, 5 adjutants, 7 quarter-masters, 10 
majors, 7 lieut. colonels, 4 colonels and 2 
generals. 

Grand list of the towns in the County ; 
town-bounties p8id and number of men 
raised by each town : 



TOWNS. 



Men. 



Grand List. Bountj'. 



Barre 

Berlin 

Cabot 

Calais 

Duxbury 

E. Montpelier, 

Fayston , 

Marshtield 

Middlesex 

Montpelier . . . . 

Moretown 

Northfield 

Plainfield 

Roxbury 

Waitsfield 

Warren 

Waterbury 

Woodbury 

Worcester 



Total. 



161 


$7,375-17 


144 


4,674.26 


174 


4,177-52 


98 


4,500.85 


152 


2,145.68 


74 


5,292.36 


121 


1,221.32 


150 


2,636.56 


33^ 


3,229 20 


146 


11,972.79 


351 


2,954.80 


94 


8,002.20 


113 


2,250.34 


104 


2,227.10 


no 


3-267.84 


236 


2,560.20 


99 


7,729.22 


84 


1,965.59 


2965 


1,637.01 


79.519-95. 



36,500.64 
31,399-54 

6,376.22 

26,095.23 

9,940.00 

12,808.83 

16,840.25 

13,952.20 

20,882.42 

24,585.65 

19,830.00 
32,664.84 

15,598.52 

200.00 
10,671.17 

13.438.88 

23,766.26 
22.50 

5.245-95 



320,826.00 



Col. Randall's statement of the 

BATTLE OF GETTYSBURG : 

"The I2th, 13th, 14th, 15th, and 



1 6th 



Vermont Regiments constituted Stannard's 



Brigade, and were attached to the First or 
Reynolds' corps at the battle of Getty.s- 
burg. This brigade arrived on the field 
at about 4 o'clock iif the afternoon of the 
first day, and took position in the rear of 
Cemetery Hill, in the rear of the main 
line of battle, where they remained through 
the night, and through the fore part of the 
next day. At about noon of the second 
day the fighting in our front and to our left 
was quite animated. Generals Sickles and 
Hancock being at our left. At about 
2 o'clock in the afternoon I was ordered to 
advance my regiment to the front, and 
somewhat to the left, and took a position 
some thirty rods in advance of the rest ot 
our brigade, where I held my regiment in 
column by divisions at rest until about 4 
or 5 o'clock in the afternoon. At this 
time the battle was raging at our left, in 
front of Hancock's corps, with much vio- 
lence, and many stragglers were passing to 
the rear. The balance of Stannard's brig- 
ade were lying in their original position. 
At about this time an officer came riding 
from the front directly towards where my 
regiment lay, very fast. As he approach- 
ed the spot he halted, and asked me what 
regiment that was. I told him it was the 
13th Vermont, of Stannard's brigade. He 
asked where Stannard and the rest of the 
brigade were. I pointed out the brigade, 
some 30 rods in my rear, and also the 
spot where Stannard and his staff were, a 
little way in the rear of the brigade. He 
then said to me will your regiment fight .'' 
I told him they were comparatively new 
troops, but that I thought I could rely on 
them. He then said, " I am Gen. Double- 
day, and now command the first corps." 
He also told me he had just come from 
Gen. Hancock, that that officer was hard 
pressed, and he was afraid unless he had 
help very quick he would lose his artillery, 
or some of it. He ordered me to take 
my regiment, or what I had of it, pro- 
ceed in the direction from which he came, 
and report to Gen. Hancock, and act as he 
directed, but before I started he said, 
" Colonel, introduce me to your regiment." 
I turned with him to the regiment, and said. 



WASHINGTON COUNTY. 



17 



' Boys, this is General Doubleday, our corps 
commander." He then said, substantially, 
as follows : "Men of Vermont ! the troops 
from your State have thus far in this war 
earned an enviable reputation. I under- 
stand that you are comparatively inexperi- 
enced in battle, but you are about to be 
led in by your Colonel. Much will be ex- 
pected of you, and I hope you will nobly 
uphold the honor of your State. To-day 
is the great day that determines whether 
Jeff. Davis or Abraham Lincoln controls 
this government. You will now follow 
your Colonel." I then led them in the di- 
rection indicated by him, at a double quick, 
and before reaching the crest or high land 
in our front, I left the regiment in charge 
of Major J. J, Boynton and Adjutant 
James S. Peck, and rode myself forward 
to find Gen. Hancock, and see in advance 
where my regiment could aid him most. 
As I came on top of the high ground or 
crest between the cemetery and Little 
Round Top, 1 met Gen. Hancock, who was 
vigorously rallying and encouraging his 
shattered ranks, many of whom were still 
fighting valiantly, to hold on and contest 
the ground inch by inch. I accosted him 
and told him my regiment was close at 
hand, and that Gen. Doubleday ordered me 
up to his assistance. He appeared much 
gratified, and said to me that the rebels 
had just taken a battery from him. He 
pointed out to me the direction in which 
they had gone with it, and asked me if I 
could retake it ? I replied to him that I 
thought I could. He said, "go in, then." 
By this time my regiment was coming up ; 
I took charge of them, and put them in 
position to deploy from column into line 
of battle parallel to his main line, and 
in front of his somewhat disorganized 
troops. Gen. Hancock sat near me on 
his horse, and watched the movement nar- 
rowly. I gave the order to deploy, and 
rode in front of my companies to watch 
the movement and see that each company 
came promptly on to the line. This was 
under a sharp fire from the enemy, and my 
men were falling on all sides by this time. 
As I saw my last company come on the line, 

3 



I inclined towards the center of the regi- 
ment and gave the order to forward. Just 
as I did this my horse was shot dead un- 
der me, and fell, catching me by my right 
foot under him. The regiment for a mo- 
ment supposed I was killed, but the horse 
was rolled off from me by the men as they 
came up, who soon saw that I was not 
hurt, and they followed me as I went on 
foot.' At this moment a body of rebel 
troops, probably a brigade, was deploying 
from the bushy ground to our left directly 
in front of us. This I did not see until my 
horse fell, when I got a view of them un- 
der the smoke and dust, as it was lifted. 
About that time we got a volley from them. 
I saw the situation was a critical one for 
us, and that promptness was our chance ; 
and I gave the order to charge upon them, 
thinking to surprise and overpower them 
before they reloaded. My men responded 
to the call most admirably. Before the 
rebels had time to reload or put themselves 
in an attitude of defence we were upon 
them. They threw down their arms and 
laid low, and we passed over them without 
much opposition. Here we witnessed one 
of many acts of treachery which the rebels 
exhibited at times. As we passed over 
them as they lay like yarded sheep, a rebel 
officer rose on his elbow and discharged 
his' pistol at Major Boynton, the charge 
just brushing the Major's ear-locks. This 
piece of perfidy was instantly avenged by 
half a dozen of our men pinning the rebel 
to the earth with their bayonets. We 
passed on, and in about 30 rods overtook 
the detachment of rebel troops in charge 
of the captured guns, four in number, of 
the U. S. Regular Artillery. Captain 
Lonergan, of Co. A. of my regiment, 
(Burlington) and myself about simulta- 
neously, I think, came up with the guns 
overtaken. The rebels appeared very 
much surprised to see us, but after a 
flourish or two of sabres and a little em- 
phatic language they surrendered all the 
guns to us, and we passed them to thg 
rear. All this time I think Gen. Hancock 
was watching our movements, and when 
my horse fell he was so near to me that 



i8 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



when I got up and left the horse I heard 
him direct one of his men to keep guard 
over my saddle and straps on my horse. 
When afterward I came back the guard, 
saddle, and straps, were gone, but I after- 
wards found my saddle. Our men from 
whom the guns had been taken followed 
them up, took their guns, and returned 
with them to our lines. My regiment was 
now within about 50 rods, as I should 
judge, of the Emmetsburgh road, and I 
determined to push forward and gain that 
road, unless I met with formidable resist- 
ance, as I did not. I reached the road, 
my right resting at a small farm house, 
which I suppose is called the Pe'er Rogers 
house. Here we halted, and I directed 
Adjutant Peck to go back and apprise Gen. 
Hancock of our position, and get his or- 
ders. About this time Capt. Lonergan 
came to where I was, much excited, and 
informed me that the house above men- 
tioned was full of rebels. I immediately 
went with him to the house, and sure 
enough it was. I ordered them to throw 
out their arms and surrender, which they 
all did ; there were eighty-three of them, 
including officers. While this was going 
on, the rebel sharp-shooters and skirmish- 
ers were keeping up a sharp lire at my 
men, which they were returning, and at 
about this time they ran out two twelve 
pound brass field pieces at our left on the 
line of the road, and commenced to fire 
upon us. At this I directed the attention 
of two of my companies to them. They 
soon cleared the pieces of horses and men, 
and then charged upon them, capturing 
both of the guns, which we brought oiT. 
Adjutant Peck having returned with word 
from Gen. Hancock to keep my fianks well 
protected, and return when I had done 
what I thought I could. Seeing no more 
gatne in the bush, we retired to the Union 
lines, amid much cheering from the troops 
who had witnessed to some extent our op- 
erations. I have seen some account of 
this affair in which it is said that in this 
movement the 14th regiment led the ad- 
vance, followed by the i6th, and that af- 
terwards the 13th regiment came up. Now 
the truth is the 13th were in a position to 



be first, having been in advance of the 
other regiments, and did lead. They were 
no doubt well in the fight before even Gen. 
Stannard knew of the movement, as I took 
my order for this advance from Gen. Dou- 
bleday, who had then not seen Gen. Stan- 
nard. 

I do not wish to detract one jot from 
what any other regiment may have done at 
this or any other battle, but must not al- 
low my regiment to be misrepresented, 
either through ignorance or design." 

F. V. Randall. 

The brilliant achievements of our nine 
months' men, the 13th regiment under 
Colonel Randall at the battle of Gettys- 
burgh, from the magnitude and impor- 
tance of the battle, and the circumstance 
that such bravery was displayed by men 
for the first time under fire, deserves some- 
thing of detailed account. Our statement 
of the part taken in the 2d day's fight is in 
Col. Randall's own language. The 3d 
day's part, we collect from published ac- 
counts given at the time, from both rebel 
and union officers and correspondents on 
the field. . 

In the third and last day's struggle for 
the victory in this greatest of modern bat- 
tles, our Regiment of thirteen months' 
men, never before under fire, did more 
than honor to the County and State — they 
proved to the world that the thinking bay- 
onet is immeasurably superior to that of 
any other ; that an educated citizen soldiery, 
fired by patriotism and a sense of duty, 
would stand fire of an enemy equal with vet- 
eran corps, provided they were well offi- 
cered, and for such disapproved the need 
of standing armies. 

After the previous day's service, illustri- 
ous in the annals of war, as a dash made 
by inexperienced troops, they joined the 
2d Vt. Brigade and slept upon their arms. 
Friday, the third day of this great battle, 
a simultaneous cannonade was opened 
upon our right and left at daybreak — Long- 
street commanding the batteries firing 
upon the left where was our Brigade, from 
an advantageous ridge he had gained in 
the alternoon of the previous day. Ewell 
commanded the right, which seems to 



WASHINGTON COUNTY. 



19 



have been really the point selected for the 
chief attack in the morning upon our lines. 
The cannonade lasted only for a short 
time, when on the right one of the most 
obstinate and terrible infantry duels took 
place known in the history of fire-arms. 
Says an eye-witness, "for six hours — from 
5 till II o'clock — the musketry rolled on 
those hill-sides in one incessant crash. 
For six hours, from other portions of our 
lines, we watched the white smoke-clouds 
curling up through the tree-tops and won- 
dered what the issue would be. At 11, 
Geary had driven the enemy back over the 
breastwork into the valley below." In the 
left centre, before Longstreet's batteries, 
was the 2d Vermont Brigade, General 
Stannard in command, in which was our 
13th Regiment engaged in their first bat- 
tle — for although thej had made such a 
brilliant dash the day before, it could hard- 
ly be considered of the nature of a pitched 
battle, and had not proved that they would 
stand a withering fire or a charge. They 
were in General Doubleday's Division. 
Col. Randall tells me that Gen. Double- 
day very skeptically inquired " Colonel, 
will your men stand fire?" " I think they 
will," Col. Randall replied. We will in- 
troduce the language of another who was 
present on the field, to speak for our 13th 
Regiment. " The troops of Gen. Double- 
day's Division were disposed in three par- 
allel lines of battle. There were two rea- 
sons for this show of strength : first, the 
comparatively level and open nature of he 
ground at that point invited assault ; sec- 
ond, our Division and Corps Generals dis- 
trusted the ability of the nine months 
troops to withstand a charge. It was 
owned they did well the night before, 
when their prompt presence apparently 
saved the day in that part of the field, but 
it was known — and it was about all that 
was known about them in the Army of the 
Potomac — that they were nine months men, 
their term of service just expiring, and 
that they had had no previous experience 
under fire. They were expected to break 
at the first earnest onset of the enemy, and 
a double line of battle was placed behind 
them, — quite a needless precaution it was 



found." Col. Randall's Regiment of nine 
months men was advanced a little forward 
and to the left of the main line of the 2d 
Corps, where they threw up a few rails for 
protection, and lay low, the brow of the 
hill also affording a slight protection from 
the shells. A few men were wounded 
here in the short morning cannonade, 
which was followed by a long lull in the 
storm of battle at this point, meanwhile 
the vortex of the storm clung to the right, 
where it raged till 1 1 o'clock, as we have 
seen. A little picket skirmishing was all 
there was in the vicinity of our 13th until 
the grand assault was heralded by the al- 
most simultaneous burst of 150 guns from 
the enemy in front. This gave a little op- 
portunity to strengthen the breastwork of 
rails, wnich was done some two or three 
feet with rails scattered upon the ground, 
which was considerable protection to the 
men when flat upon the ground, and 
proved much needed before night. 

The silence for two hours had been al- 
most oppressive along the whole left, al- 
though the din of arms roared terribly 
enough away to the right. At ten min- 
utes before 10 o'clock the signal gun was 
fired, the top of the low ridge in front al- 
most instantly opened with a storm of 
shell, round shot and spherical case — even 
grape thickening the angry tempest. All 
this against that breastwork of rails, the 
cannonade ceased on the rebel side soon 
after 3 o'clock, the last two hours being 
rapid firing from this battery of 150 guns, 
concentrated from every angle upon our 
left centre, when followed the grand charge. 
It was not thought possible by the rebel 
generals that there could be any Union 
line left to resist a charge after such a can- 
nonade. Now commenced to move in 
close compact lines, in the finest of order, 
17,000 of the picked troops of the Confed- 
eracy. On they came at common time, 
closing up as fast as our cannon opened a 
gap with that fearful hurtle of iron hail. 
The assaulting force had a front of about 
1,000 yards moving in double column, 
with supports in the rear extending beyond 
either flank in front. The advance was 
across a broad stretch of open meadow, 



20 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



something over a mile in length, and vary- 
ing from a half mile to nearly a mile in 
width between the confronting ridges, where 
thus far the battle had raged. 

The long gray confederate lines, pre- 
ceded by their skirmishers, have reached 
the low ground, half the distance between 
the confronting armies, when the Vermont 
regiments which are in advance of the 
main line are ordered up into line to re- 
ceive the enemy. The enemy's right at 
first seemed aiming directly upon our 13th 
and 14th regiments, and they were prepar- 
ing to give them a volley, to be followed by a 
charge, when an unexpected movement of 
the enemy offered the opportunity of a bril- 
liant display of military tactics and prowess, 
which our Colonels and commanding offi- 
cers did not fail to take advantage of. As 
the 13th and 14th rose to deliver their fire, 
the rebel force in front changed direction 
by its flank, and marched to the north 
across their front some 60 rods, when again 
fronting it, came in upon the line of the 2d 
Corps to the right of these regiments. 
Upon the commencement of this move- 
ment, the two regiments opened fire upon 
them by battalion, and continued it by file 
at about 60 rods with great effect. 

At the time the rebel charging lines 
fronted and advanced, after this side move- 
ment, they swung partly to the rear and 
right, where they seemed to become 
massed, presenting from the position of 
the Vermont Brigade a column massed by 
regiments. Thus in position they, with a 
wild yell, heard above the din of our pla)'- 
ing batteries, came in on the charge. The 
shock of the charge was tmly terrible, and 
it was resisted with a terrible obstinacy. 
They reach our lines, and the rebel Gen. 
Armistead is shot down with a hand on 
one of our guns. They even pierce the 
line in the terrible struggle, but the op- 
portunity for a flanking movement is dis- 
covered by the commanding officers of the 
Vermont Brigade, a movement already 
participated in to a certain extent by Col. 
Randall, of the 13th, and the 13th and i6th 
were ordered out upon the enemies' fiank. 
Col. Randall already well under way. 



They marched some 60 rods parallel to the 
main line, then changing front, their line 
swung out at nearly right angles upon 
the right of the rebel column, still res- 
olutely struggling to force our lines. As 
we have said, the 13th led, which marched 
by the right flank, and approathed very 
close upon the enemies' flank, when they 
changed front forward on the first com- 
pany, under a scattering fire from the en- 
emies' flank. There was but an instant of 
time before a rapid fire ran down the line 
of the regiment, at scarcely more than half 
pistol range. The effect was instantaneous 
and destructive beyond calculation. The 
rebel lines withered away as stubble be- 
fore the flame. To help complete the 
havoc and scoop up the prisoners, the i6th 
were soon seen taking up a position upon 
the I3th's left. Some 15 rounds were 
fired by Col. Randall's regiment at this 
short range, raking the enemy through and 
through by this fire upon his flank. The 
1 6th also gave him about half as many 
rounds, everybullet probably taking effect, 
and many passing through two or three 
rebel bodies. The rebels broke and fled 
in all directions, the larger portion of their 
centre and right dropping their arms and 
rushing into our lines, surrendering them- 
selves as prisoners. Such was the result 
of that great charge made by the flower of 
Southern chivalry (and braver men never 
went to death), and such the brilliant rec- 
ord made by a regiment of men never 
under fire before — men who nine months 
before were in their shops, behind their 
counters, and in their farmers' suits, en- 
gaged in the pursuits of peace. And Wash- 
ington County has the honor of sending 
the commanding officer of this regiment as 
well as two companies in it, whose singu- 
lar rare fortune it was to have such an op- 
portunity to distinguish themselves, and 
whose singularly good fortune it was to so 
brilliantly fill a record so illustrious by im- 
proving its opportunity. The loss of the 
13th was 8 killed, 89 wounded, and 26 
mi.ssing. Men need not " doubt if the 
warp of gold " be yet in the stock descended 
from the compatriots of Ethan Allen. 
The Richmond Sentinel savs of the 



WASHINGTON COUNTY. 



flanking attack, " As Kemper's Brigade 
moved up it swung around to the left, and 
was exposed to the front and flanking fire 
of the Federals, which was very fatal." 
Another account in the same paper says : 
"A flanking party of the enemy, marching in 
column 'by regiments, was thrown out from 
the enemy's left on our extreme right, and 
by an enfilading fire forced the retirement 
of our troops."' The Richmond Enquirer 
gives a similar account, to which we may 
add the testimony of the correspondent of 
the London Times, who details tlie move- 
ments of the flanking column and speaks 
of Gen. Longstreet's order sent by Major 
Latrobe relating thereto, which was never 
received, as Latrobe'^s horse was shot un- 
der him, all making the issue of the battle 
turn on this point. It was one of the most 
memorable battles in history, equalling the 
carnage of Waterloo and surpassing all 
others of this generation until we come to 
the great battles in the campaign of the 
Franco-Prussian war. The aggregate cas- 
ualties of the armies fell not much short 
of 8,000 killed and 35,500 wounded. 5000 
rebel dead were buried on or near the 
field. 7,600 wounded were left in our 
hands, and 13,621 prisoners were taken. 
It is not a little singular that our own 
County seems by the good fortunes of the 
hour, and the bravery and talent shown by 
its men, none of them ever under fire be- 
fore, except their Colonel, to have supplied 
the pivotal points on two days of this great 
battle's issue. 

Paul Dillingham, of Waterbury, filled 
the office of Chief Magistracy of the State 
for more than half the period of the war. 
He served both the County and State with 
signal ability. Earnest in suppressing the 
rebellion, he was prompt to act in filling 
the several quotas called for by the Gov- 
ernment. Zealous in the Union cause, by 
word and act, he encouraged his fellow 
citizens to withhold no sacrifice, while he 
also gave two sons to the country's service, 
one of whom remains with its dead. 

NATURAL HISTOKY. 

The County abounds in water-privileges 
and numerous cold springs, which add 



greatly to the value of its lands for dairy- 
ing purposes, as well as its excellent quality 
of grass. The W^inooski, the largest riv- 
er in the State, rises in the towns of Wal- 
den and Peacham, in Caledonia Co., its two 
head branches uniting in Marshfield, from 
whence it flows through the whole width 
of this County and thence through Chit- 
tenden Co. into Lake Champlain. It drains 
an area of about 1,000 square miles. Af- 
ter the junction of the two head branches 
in Marshfield, we have for its tributaries : 
Kingsbury's Branch, coming in on the 
west side of Plainfield Village, Stevens' 
Branch, coming in 2 miles above Mont- 
pelier village, from Barre, the Worcester 
Branch, uniting at Montpelier village. Dog 
River i mile below. Mad River i mile be- 
low Middlesex village, and Waterbury 
River, 2 miles below Waterbury village. 
There are many brooks beside, in the 
County, of considerable size and several 
ponds of varying sizes. Of ponds, the 
town of Woodbury alone has no less than 
9, and the water-power of the County is 
greatly increased by its ponds which are 
natural reservoirs. 

The geological formation of the County 
is for the most part talcose slate ; mica, 
hornblend and limestone are found in con- 
siderable quantities ; argillaceous slate in 
the southern towns, felspar and quartz, 
with mica, in the eastern ; steatite and iron 
ore in the town of Warren. Stalactite 
and asbestos have also been found in smaller 
quantities in ditTerent localities, as well as 
gold. 

Camel's Hump, which lies upon the 
western border of the County, is only a few 
feet below the Chin, the highest peak in 
the Green Mountain range, a bold land- 
mark seen in nearly all parts of the County. 
Bald Mountain, rising from the spur to the 
east of Mad River, is also a noticeable 
peak nearly in the corner of the town lines 
of Waitsfield and Northfield. A spur or 
range broken off" from the Hog-Backs in 
Middlesex, at what is called the "Nar- 
rows." The Winooski seems to have 
channeled a gateway of a few feet in width 
down some 80 or 90 feet in the rock, leav- 
ing abrupt and precipitous sides crowned 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



with overhanging pines. Before this cut 
there must have been a lake of some miles 
in length, extending up the river and some 
of its tributaries above. The Marshfield 
Falls are also noticeable, where the main 
branch of the Winooski is said to fall 500 
feet in 30 rods. 

Benjamin's Falls, near the outlet of 
Berlin Pond, which are exceedingly pic- 
turesque and beautiful, have become a 
place of frequent resort. 

The talc, slate, mica and limestone, 
mixed and pulverized, are the best and 
among the most durable of soils. The in- 
tervale on Dog, Mad and Winooski Rivers 
is very line, though in much of the length 
of these streams the valleys are narrow. 
Scarcely inferior to the meadow lands 
along the rivers are many ot the hill farms. 
Pasturage is even better here, and the hay 
of better quality, if falling off a little in 
quantity. The soil is excellent also for 
corn and oats in the valleys, and besides 
well adapted to wheat-growing on the up- 
lands. As a dairy County it has few equals. 

In 1841, there was a severe tornado in 
the towns of Fayston and Waitsfield. It 
commenced on the heights of the land in 
the middle of the town of Fayston, and 
had a S. E. direction, spending its force 
against the sides of a mountain in the town 
of Waitsfield, where it leveled some 20 or 
30 acres of heavy woodland in a body. As 
it moved down from the highlands into 
the valley of Mill Brook, the scene of the 
storm was said by those who observed 
from the hill range above the cloud, to be 
sublime beyond description. One rolling 
sea of fire with perpetual thunders, crashed 
and roared as it swept through, as it 
seemed almost at their very feet. A more 
general tornado visited the County in 1866, 
which had a N. E. cour.se, doing much 
damage in nearly all the towns. The gust 
that did most of the damage did not last 
more than a minute or a minute and a half, 
yet barns were carried from their found- 
ations, with cattle, horses, and all to be 
mixed in one common ruin ; houses were 
unroofed, chimneys blown down, wood- 
lands leveled, and all movable things put 
in motion. Some of our towns had forty 



or fifty barns destroyed ; one or two val- 
uable horses were killed, and several liead 
of horned cattle. A few persons were se- 
riously injured, though we do not know of 
any one being killed. Some of the barns 
were among the very best in the County, 
valued at two or three thousand dollars. 
The County has been visited by a number 
of freshets since its organization, the most 
notable of whicli was in 1830, which oc- 
casioned the memorable slide upon the 
eastern slope of the Green Mountains, and 
by which the County lost most of its 
bridges and a large share of its mills ; sev- 
eral lives were lost. In that of 1869, nearly 
as destructive, the little village of Plainfield 
suffered to the amount of $20,000. Half 
of Montpelier village was under water, sev- 
eral streets in Northfield, and there was a 
general destruction of bridges and mills 
throughout the County; also railroad trains 
were delayed for days. 

Deer and the black bear were found very 
plenty in the first of the settlement, and 
occasionally the American monsal, or 
moose. The bear stil] contests the rights 
of civilization, rather too successfully for 
our sheep pastures at times. Fish, also, 
particularly that favorite, the speckled or 
brook trout, abounded in our streams. 
This county is no doubt among the best 
localities of the world for trout raising. 
The spruce partridge and wood-pigeon 
were considerably hunted for game in 
former times, and partridge is yet sought 
by the sportsman with some success. The 
American panther, or catamount, which 
figured in our first coat of arms, was oc- 
casionally seen, one of which had a bloody 
fray with a bear just out the precincts of 
Montpelier village, near the sand-bottom 
bridge, if we credit the story of Joel 
Frizzle, an old trapper, who claims to have 
been an eye witness, and wolves were quite 
numerous. The Hon. Daniel Baldwin 
when a lad was chased by a pack while 
traveling the road on Dog River between 
Northfield and Montpelier one night after 
dark, and only saved himself by the dex- 
terity with which he handled a fire-brand. 

The cold .season of 1816, I have been 
told by those living at the time, the snow 



BARRE. 



23 



fell a foot deep here the eighth of June. 
The trees full in leaf looked after the freeze 
as if a fire had over-ran the woods. Many 
were broken by the weight of the snow, 
and the apple crop was spoiled, and hardly 
enough corn raised for seed ; but the ce- 
reals and the wheat gave abundant har- 
vest, and there was no famine. 

Champlain, on the Lake that took his 
name, saw mountains to the east covered 
with snow the 4th of July, 1609. Our 
winters have considerably shortened since 
the settlement of the country, and our 
snow-fall and rain-fall no doubt dimin- 
ished. 

We are aware of our incompleteness in 
this chapter. We have invited the mem- 
bers of the Bar and cferks of the County 
Court to add whatever may be of interest 
in that direction, receiving some encour- 
agement it would be done. The social 
societies of the County are so much of the 
nature of those already given by others, 
we have not thought their interest with 
the repetition, desirable. 

Montpelier, i86g. 



BARRE. 

BY HON CARLOS CARPENTER. 

Barre is situated in the S. E. part of 
Washington Co., lat, 44° 1 1', long. 4° 31', 
bounded N. by East Montpt-lier and Plain- 
field, E. by Orange, S. by Williamstown 
and Washington, W. by Berlin, contains 
19,900 acres, and was chartered Nov. 6, 
1780, to William Williams and 66 others 
by the name of Wildersburgh, and organ- 
ized under that name Mar. 11, 1793: Jo- 
seph Uwight, first town clerk ; Joseph 
Sherman, Joseph Dwight, Nathan Har- 
rington, selectmen : Jonas Nichols, treas- 
urer; Job Adams, constable; Isaac S. 
Thompson, Apollos Hale, Elias Cheney 
listers. The name of the town was soon 
after changed. At a town meeting holden 
Sept. 3, 1793, 

Voted, that the man that will give the 
most towards building a meeting-house in 
said town, shall name the town, and the 
town will petition the Legislature for that 
name. The name of the town vendued 
and bid off by Ezekiel Dodge Wheeler, 



for 62 _^ lawful money, he being the high- 
est bidder, and .said Wheeler named the 
town Barre. 

At the same meeting. 

Voted, to recommend Lt. Benj. Walker 
to serve as justice of peace. 

At the March meeting in 1794, the town 

Voted, to vendue the collectorship to 
the person who will collect the taxes for 
the least premium, and the collectorship 
was vendued to Joel Shurtliff, and he is to 
give the town three pence, three farthings 
on the pound for the privilege of collecting 
all the town taxes. 

At a town meeting holden June 23, 1794, 
the town 

Voted, to choose a committee of three 
to procure a preacher of the Gospel, liy 
vote, chose Benj. Walker, Esq., Apollos 
Hale and Samuel D. Cooke, committee. 

The town at an early day evinced a de- 
sire to look after the moral, .social and 
religious interests of the people that should 
come among them to settle on the lands, 
and clear them up to make a thriving com-" 
munity. 

The settlement was commenced about 
1788, by Samuel Rogers and John Golds- 
bury, who came into town with their fam- 
ilies. Soon after, a number of families 
came in, and from 1790, the town became 
rapidly settled by emigrants from Massa- 
chusetts and New Hampshire. It was first 
represented in the General Assembly in 
1793, by Nathan Harrington. The town 
lies 6 miles easterly from Montpelier. 

The Vt. Cent. R. R. extended its line 
to Barre in 1875. The first passenger 
train carried students and those attending 
Goddard Seminary Commencement ex- 
ercises, July I, 1875, since which passen- 
ger and freight trains have run regularly. 
L. F. Aldrich, first station agent, appointed 
in August, 1875, served till June i, 1878; 
E. K. Williams, from June i to July 8, 
1878; and M. C. Kinson, appointed July 
20, 1878, is present station agent. 

Thos. W. Bailey has been passenger 
conductor since the road was opened, and 
Dexter Moody baggage-master ; engineers, 
James Bowers, Robert Gregg, David Dan- 
iels, and present engineer, Albert Cas- 
well. The cars have never but once been 



24 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



ofif the irons, it is said, on this line, and 
no serious accident has yet occurred. The 
freight business at Barre depot is ranked 
about the fourth on the Vt. Central lines. 
Barre is the present terminus of this line 
(1881) but it is expected it will soon be 
e.xtended to Royal ton, Wind.sor Co. 

Barre has two flourishing schools — the 
Academy and Seminary. 

BARRE ACADEMY. 

BY CHAS. A. SMITH, OF THE BOARD OF TKUSTKKS. 

Barre Academy was chartered by the 
Legislature in 1849. Of the first board of 
trustees, chosen by the corporators, Hon. 
Newell Kinsman was president, and Hon. 
Leonard Keith, secretary. In 1853, the 
board was increased to 25 members, who 
have full oversight and administration of 
the affairs of the school. The present of- 
ficers of the board are : President, Hon. 
Hiram Carleton, of Montpelier ; Secretary, 
Chas. A. Smith ; Barre Prudential Com- 
mittee, E.W. Bisbee, Esq., H. O.Worthen, 
M. D., Hon. R. E. Patterson. The acad- 
emy building was erected in 1852. The 
school opened in that autumn, with J. S. 
Spaulding, A. M., principal, who came 
from Bakersfield, Vt., where, as Prof. Ben- 
edict, of Burlington, wrote for the " Free 
Press" at that time, he had "acquired a 
high reputation by his superior manage- 
ment of Bakersfield Academy." Mr. 
Spaulding continued at the head of Barre 
Academy until his death, which occurred 
suddenly of heart disease, Apr. 29, 1880, 
and during all this time he maintained his 
reputation as one of the ablest and most 
successful teachers of the State, and by his 
persistent and self-denying labors made 
the Academy one which, for excellent dis- 
cipline and thorough practical training, 
was unsurpassed by any school in the 
country. Mr. Spaulding's influence was 
also felt among all the teachers of the 
State. He was one of the founders, and 
for many years the president, of the Ver- 
mont State Teachers' Association. He 
was keenly alive to all the material inter- 
ests of the community in which he resided, 
by his instruction of the young men, by 
his conversations with the fathers, and by 



the enthusiastic labors and the practical 
experiments by which he converted the 
little farm on which he lived and died 
from a barren hillside pasture to a fertile 
field, and pleasant grounds, with quiet 
walks and cooling shades ; he did much to 
awaken among the farmers of town a higher 
idea of their calling, and to stimulate a 
taste for scientific farming in its truest 
sense. He was chosen a delegate to the 
constitutional convention in 1870 ; in 1876, 
elected a representative to the legislature. 
The degree of L.L. D. was conferred upon 
him by Middlebury College in 1868. 

Dr. Spaulding was born in Tewksbury, 
Mass., and while a child, removed with 
his parents to Temple, N. H,, where he 
lived until he entered Dartmouth College 
in 1837, graduating in 1841. He was soon 
after married to Miss Mary W. Taylor, 
who in his labors was a most interested 
and efficient co-worker, and who now sur- 
vives him. They had no children. 

The school has since the death of Dr. 
Spaulding been under the charge of A. N. 
Wheelock, A. M., a graduate of the insti- 
tution, class 'JT,, and of the U. V. M., 
class '78, and under his able management, 
promises to maintain its high reputation 
among the educational institutions of the 
State. There have been connected with 
the school as assistant principals since its 
establishment 24 gentlemen : Rev. Sim- 
eon Gilbert, editor of the Advance, Chi- 
cago, 111. ; Rev. A. W. Hazen, of Middle- 
town, Ct. ; I. W. Camp, A. M., Chicago, 
111. ; Hon. John M. Thatcher, ex-Com 
missioner of Patents, Chicago, 111. ; Hon. 
Senaca Hasleton, Judge of Municipal 
Court, Burlington, Vt., and others; and 
about 30 ladies, some of whom have been 
well known teachers in other schools of 
the land, have been employed as assist- 
ants. The number of scholars of both 
sexes who have completed the courses of 
studies prescribed has been nearly 300, 
and the honorable record made by some of 
these, and of the thousands more who 
have been for a longer or a shorter period 
connected with the school, afford the surest 
testimony of the faithful work done by its 
teachers in the past. Names of a few old 



BARRE. 



25 



students who have become prominent in 
the localities in which they have settled, 
and in the calling they have chosen. Wal- 
worth Z. Mitchell, Esq., Superintendent of 
Schools, Memphis, Tenn. ; Hon. John I. 
Gilbert, Malone, N. Y. ; Hon. John M. 
Thatcher, Chicago, 111. ; PercisA. Thomp- 
son, teacher, Goddard Seminary, Barre, 
Vt. ; Rev. Geo. P. Beard, Principal S. N. 
School, Shippenburgh, Pa. ; Miss Emily 
Cook, teacher, Chicago, 111. ; Hon. Geo. 
L. Godfrey, Des Moines, Iowa ; Hon. Al- 
bert Clark, St. Albans, Vt. ; Rev. J. J. 
Lewis, So. Boston, Ma.ss. ; Hon. M. B. 
Carpenter, Denver, Colorado ; Hon. Senaca 
Hasleton, Burlington, Vt. The Academy 
has always been under the control of those 
who are Congregationalists ; still there 
has never been any discrimination with 
respect to the advantages of the school, 
and there is nothing in the rules or the 
discipline of the school which distinguishes 
between scholars of this and any other re- 
ligious belief. The corriculum of studies 
covers a course of 4 years, and is admirably 
adapted to fit students for any New Eng- 
land college, or for the active pursuit of a 
business or professional life. The attend- 
ance for the school year, ending June 16, 
1 88 1, aggregated 175. The graduating class 
numbered 9 — 5 gentlemen and 4 ladies. 

THE NATIONAL BANK OF BARRE. 

CONTKIUUTED BY MR. SMITH. 

It was chartered and organized Jan. li, 
1873, by the removal of the old Chelsea 
Bank to this place, effected through the in- 
fluence of Hon. B. W. Bartholomew, of 
Washington, Vt., and Dr. Braley, of Barre. 
Dr. N. W. Braley was chosen President of 
the tirst board of directors, and William G. 
Austin, Cashier. Mr. Austin died of ty- 
phoid fever in the autumn of the same 
year, and was succeeded byChas. A. King 
till 1877. . 

On the night of the 5th of July, 1875, 
an attempt was made to burglarize the bank 
by compelling the Cashier to disclose the 
combination of the locks, which was foiled 
by a chronometer lock that had been placed 
upon the safe only a few days previous. 

By the prompt and courageous action of 



Mr. King, who was, on the departure of the 
robbers left with his family, bound in his 
house, nearly half a mile from the village, 
but who soon slipped his bonds, and alarm- 
ed the officers of the bank. A pursuit was 
instituted, which resulted in the capture of 
one of the burglars near Rumney, N. H., the 
next day, and subsequently two others of the 
gang were arrested iu'New York city. One 
was delivered up to serve out an unexpired 
term at Sing Sing ; one, Geo. Miles with 
numerous aliases, was brought to Mont- 
pelier, tried and sentenced to 15 years in 
the State Prison. The one first arrested, 
called Peter Curley, turned state's evi- 
dence, and was discharged. 

Mr. King resigned his position as cash- 
ier June II, 1877, and was .succeeded by 
E. D. Blackwell, who resigned Feb. 26, 
1 88 1, to become cashier of the National 
Bank of Montpelier, ¥. L. Eaton being 
chosen to succeed him. 

There have been chosen 1 1 directors of 
the bank since its organization, of whom 
only two have died in office : Hon. Luther 
M. Martin, of Williamstown, died in 1874, 
and Dr. Braley in 1880. The capital stock 
of the bank was at its organization $200,- 
000, but by a vote of the stockholders in 
1880, it was reduced to $100,000. The 
board of directors chosen at the annual 
meeting in .1881, were L. F. Aldrich, Jo- 
siah Wood, Willard S. Martin, B. W. 
Braley and J. M. Perry. These elected 
L. F. Aldrich, president, B. W. Braley, 
vice president, F. L. Eaton, cashier. 

NORMAN W. BRALEY, M. D., 

The first President of the National Bank 
of Barre, was born in Pomfret, Vt., Aug. 
14, 1823, and was graduated at the Vt. 
Medical College at Woodstock, in 1844. 
He soon after commenced practice in Wash- 
ington, Vt., where he remained a few years, 
and moved to Chelsea, where he lived until 
he came to Barre. By his skill and suc- 
cess as a physician, the Doctor in the 25 
years of his practice gained an extensive 
and a lucrative ride and a reputation which 
placed him in the first rank of physicians in 
the State. He removed to Barre in 1872, 
and identified himself at once with the 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



business interests of the place, using his 
influence, and freely contributing of his 
means to further every enterprise which 
promised to promote the prosperity of the 
place. He died Sept. ii, 1880, of ap- 
oplexy. His wife, Mrs. Armina P. (Ca- 
liff) l^raley, to whom he was married Nov. 
16. 1852, and 3 sons, survive him. 

GODDARD SEMINARY. 

At the annual session of the Vt. State 
Convention of Universalists in Montpelier, 
1863, a committee was appointed to ob- 
tain a charter for a state denominational 
school of the highest grade below that of 
college, and the charter was obtained of 
the Legislature the same fall, under title 
of Green Mountain Central Institute ; name 
changed Nov. 1870, to Goddard Seminary. 
The charter has the right to hold per- 
sonal and real estate to the amount of 
$100,000. The charter obtained, Prof. 
Shipman, now of Tufts College, took the 
field to raise money till Sept. 1864; raised 
$15,000; increased afterwards by Rev. J. 
J. Lewis, Rev. 5. W. Squire and others, 
to about $50,000, and $10,000 was given 
■ by the late Thomas A. Goddard, of 
I>oston. Fall of 1864, location was re- 
ferred to committee : Rev. A. A. Miner, 
D. D., Boston, Hon. E. Trask, Spring- 
field, Mass., Rev. G. W. Bailey, Lebanon, 
N. H. Springfield, So. Woodstock, Bethel, 
Northfield and East Montpelier competed 
for the institution. It is said through in- 
fluence of Judge Tilden, largely, Barre lo- 
cation won, a gh acre lot of land on an 
elevated plain, a little to the north of 
Barre village, commanding a wide and 
beautiful prospect. The building com- 
mittee was Hon. Heman Carpenter, L. F. 
Aldrich, Charles Templeton ; T. W. Sil- 
loway, of Boston, architect. Judge Car- 
penter was a devoted friend to the enter- 
prise, and Messrs. Aldrich and Templeton 
gave the greater part of their time for 3 
yeans without remuneration. The building 
was completed in about 4 years. 160 ft. 
length ; central jDart, 52 ft. sq. ; wings, 53^ 
ft. length by 43 width ; 9 feet back from 
central front; foundation bed, coarse, hard 
gravel; walls, split granite, laid in mortar 



upward to basement windows ; height, 5 
stories; body of edifice, hard-burnt bricks, 
best quality ; material taken out of the hill 
on which the building stands ; manufac- 
tured on the spot at cost of about 7,000 ; 
at top of basement story, belt 9 inches 
w'dth, of hewn granite, with fine cut work 
4 inches deep extending completely around 
the building ; window-sills and edifice trim- 
mings, all of granite; over central part, 
two towers, extending 45 feet above the 
main building; but the charm of all, is the 
scenery amid which it is located. The 
sweep of view is remarkably fine the site 
commands. It was opened for instruction 
Feb. 1870, L. L. Burington, A. M., first 
principal, for 2^ years, now principal of 
Dean Academy, Mass. F. M. Harris was 
the second principal, li years, now prin- 
cipal of Somerville, Mass., High School. 
Henry Priest, the third and present prin- 
cipal, has now presided over the institution 
7 years. The whole number of students 
to 1881, 831 ; graduates, 132; average at- 
tendance, 275. Rev. C. H. Eaton, class 
of '70, first class of Goddard Seminary, is 
pastor of the Church of Divine Paternity, 
in place of the late E. H. Chapin, New 
York. 

Both the Academy and Seminary at 
Barre have always been open to the edu- 
cation of both sexes, and have always main- 
tained an honorable and high position in 
the State as educational institutions. 

The Seminary has about $80,000 in- 
vested in school property ; fund of $10,000 
just completed — June, 1881. Presentboard 
of teachers : Henry Priest, principal, a.s- 
sisted by Charles C. Bates, A. M., and J. 
N. Darling, B. Ph., in fall term; Miss 
Flora C. Eaton, preceptress ; Misses P. A. 
Thompson, A. J. Watson, S. C. Tilden, 
F. A. West, F. J. Hopkins, assistant teach- 
ers'; W. A. Wheaton, music-teacher ; J. M. 
Kent, penmanship. Number of trustees 
(1880) 30; President, Rev. W. R. Ship- 
man, A. M., College Hill, Ma.ss. ; Vice 
President, N. W. Braley, M. D. (deceased) 
Barre ; Secretary and Treasurer, George 
Tilden, Barre; Hon. Harvey Tilden, L. F. 
Aldrich, Henry Priest, Charles Templeton, 
David W. Mower, Esq., Miles Morrison, 



BARRE. 



Esq., Rev. W. M. Kimmell, trustees re- 
siding in Barre, other trustees residing in 
the County: Rev. J. E. Wright, Hon. 
Chas. H. Heath, Hon. Clark King, A. J. 
Hollister, Esq., Montpelier ; Hon. Heman 
Carpenter, John Gregory, Northtield ; I. S. 
Dwinell, Calais; S. D. Hollister, Marsh- 
lield. Miss Tilden, teacher, now Mrs. 
Averill. 

The soil of the town is generally very 
good, producing wheat, rye, oats, corn 
and potatoes in abundance ; along the 
streams the meadows produce good crops 
of hay. There is an abundante of sugar 
maple on the lands back from the streams, 
from which a large amount of sugar is 
yearly made. 

LIST OF REPRESENTATIVES, AND THE 

YEARS OF REPRESENTATION. 
Nathan Harrington, 1793; Asaph Sher- 
man, 1794, "95, '96; Benjamin Walker, 
1797, '99; Nathaniel Killam, 1798; James 
Fisk, 1800, 'i, '2, '3, '4, '9, '10, '15; Lu- 
ther Holton, 1805 ; Nathan Carpenter, 1 806; 
John Dodge, 1807, 1808; Nathan Stone, 
181 1 ; Warren Ellis, i8i2,'i3, '14, '16, '17, 
'20, '22 ; Phineas Thompson, 1818, "19, '27 ; 
Jacob Scott, 1821 ; Peter Nichols, 1823, 
'26, '28; Denison Smith, 1824, '25,^29; 
Alvan Carter, 1830, '32, '33 ; Lucius B. 
Peck, 1831 ; John Twing, 1834, '35 ; Jacob 
Scott, Jr., 1836, '';^7, '38; Newell Kins- 
man, 1839, '4° i Leonard Keith, 1841, '42 ; 
David D. Wing, 1843, '44 ; Webber Tilden, 
1845 ; Obadiah Wood, 1846; George W. 
Collamer, 1847, '48 ; Harvey Tilden, 1849 i 
Warren H. Ellis, 1850; Jesse Scott, 1851, 
'52 ; Denison K. Smith, 1853, '57 ; Joseph 
Sargent, 1854, '55 ; Joseph C. Parker, 
1856; None, 1858, '61, '64; Leonard F. 
Aldrich, 1859, '60; Ira Holden, 1862, '63; 
Geo. W. Tilden, 1865, '66; Frank Staf- 
ford, 1867; Charles O. Reed, 1868; Wil- 
liam E. Whitcomb, 1869, '70, '71. 

LIST OF TOWN CLERKS. 

Joseph Dwight, 1793, '94, '95 ; Gardner 
Wheeler, 1796, '97; Nathan Carpenter, 
1798, '99, 1800, 'i, '2, '3, '4, 's, '6; Sher- 
man Minott, 1807, '8, '9, '10; Warren 
Ellis, 1811, '12, '13, '14, '15, '16, '17; Jo- 
seph Ripley, 18 18 to 1840; Alvan Carter, 



1841 to 1862; Albert Johonnott, 1863; 
Clark Holden, 1864; Carlos Carpenter, 
1865, '66, '67, '68, '69, '70, '71. 

LIST OF FIRST COSNTABLES. 

Job Adams, 1793. '97; Joel Shurtliff, 
1794 ; Samuel Scott, 1795 ; Isaac S. Thomp- 
son, 1796, 1812; Apollos Hale, 1798; 
James Paddock, 1799, 1800, 'i, 10, 11, '13; 
Reuben Carpenter, 1802, 1803; Phineas 
Thompson, 1804; Ezekiel D. Wheeler, 
1805; Chapin Keith, 1806, '7, '9; Andrew 
Dewey, 1808; Peter Nichols, 1814, '15, 
'16, '17, '18, '19, '23, '24, '25, '26, '27, '28 ; 
Moses Rood, Jr., 1820, '21, '22; Lewis 
Peck, 1829; Otis Peck, 1830, '31, '32, '33, 
'34' '35 ; Thomas Town, 1836, '37, '38, '39 ; 
Alvan Drury, 1840, '41, '42, '43, '44, '45, 
'47, '48, '49, '50, '51 ; Joseph C. Parker, 
1852; Silas Town, Jr., 1853; David D. 
Wing, 1854, '55, '56; Micah French, 1857, 
■58, '59; N. F. Averill, i860, '61, '62, '63, 
'68, '69, '70, '71 ; A. M. Jackman, 1846, 
1865; A. A. Nichols, 1864; Ira P. Har- 
rington, 1866; A. J. Smith, 1867. 

COL. BENJAMIN WALKER 

was one of the early settlers in Barre. He 
was boi-n in Rehoboth, Mass., 1751, was a 
Lieutenant in the Revolution, was at the 
capture of Burgoyne, and commanded a 
company of the Massachusetts line, (his 
captain being sick) . He removed to Barre, 
Mar. 1793 ; held the office of selectman a 
number of years ; was a Colonel of the 
militia ; was the first justice of the peace ; 
represented the town in the General As- 
sembly, and was called to discharge the 
duties of arbitrator and committee to settle 
matters of difference between his towns- 
men and the towns around him in num- 
berless instances. He was quite infirm 
for some years previous to his death, which 
occurred at Barre, May, 1823. 

MAJOR NATHAN HARRINGTON 

was the sixth settler in Barre. He came 
.from Holden, Ma.ss., about the year 1790, 
and settled on the East hill in the town ; 
cleared the farm on which his grand-son, 
Ira P. Harrington, now resides; was one 
of the first board of selectmen ; was the 
first town representative, and discharged 
the duties of many of the town offices, with 



28 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



great promptness. He was a Mark Antony 
man — He "spoke right on," was always 
kind and generous, frank and honest. He 
was nearly blind some years before his 
death, which occurred at Barre, July 30, 
1828, aged 71 years. 

HQN. JAMES FISK 

came into Barre about 1796, from Green- 
wich, Mass. ; was elected one of the se- 
lectmen in 1799, a member of the Legisla- 
ture in 1800, and represented the town 9 
years ; was a judge of the County Court in 
1802; was 10 years a Member of Congress ; 
received the appointment of Governor of 
the Territory of Indiana, which he de- 
clined ; was a Senator in Congress from 
18 1 7 to 18 19, when he accepted the ap- 
pointment of Collector for the District of 
Vermont, and subsequently removed to 
Swanton. He was a very able and efificient 
legislator ; could express his views upon 
almost any subject without previous prep- 
aration. He was a firm friend of Mr. 
Madison, and frequently counselled with 
him relative to the subject of carrying on 
the War of 18 12. Judge Fisk was a Re- 
publican of that time, and a live Whig in 
1840. He died some years since. 

HON. WARREN ELLIS 

came into Barre about 1803, from Clare- 
mont, N. H. ; was born May 24, 1777. He 
was a saddler by trade, and carried on the 
business very successfully. He gave con- 
siderable attention to music, was a good 
performer on the violin, taught singing, 
and was one of the best vocalists of his 
day. After he had done singing in public, 
he took great delight in conversing and in- 
structing others in the science of music. 
He held the office of town clerk of Barre 7 
years, was judge of the County Court 6 
years, and represented the town 7 years in 
the General Assembly. He has one son, 
Warren H. Ellis, Esq,, who resides at 
Waukegan, 111. ; is clerk of the County 
Court for that county, and one daughter, 
Mrs. D. H. Sherman, who resides in the 
West. He died at Barre, June 10, 1842, 
aged 65 years. 

DEACON JONAS NICHOLS 

was one of the first settlers in Barre ; took 



up the lot of land on which John N. Wilson 
now resides ; cleared it up, and resided on 
the same lot until his death, which took 
place Aug. 26, 1841, aged 96 years. 

CAPT. JOSEPH WATSON 

settled at an early day in the south-easterly 
part of the town ; carried on the tanning 
and shoemaker business a number of years. 
He became involved in building a part of 
the Chelsea turnpike in 1808 ; sold out and 
retired from business, but lived to the age 
of 99 years. His death occurred June 7, 
1862. 

HON. DENISON SMITH 

came into Barre about 1808, from Plain- 
field, N. H., and established himself as an 
attorney, and became eminent in his pro- 
fession. He was called to many offices of 
trust ; was 6 years State's attorney, 3 years 
a member of the Legislature, and one year 
judge of the County Court. In all his 
business relations, he was ever true to 
every trust; was genial, kind and affable ; 
never urging suitors into litigation. His 
health was poor for some years previous to 
his death, which occurred at Barre, Feb. 
8, 1836, aged 51 years. He left one son, 

DENISON K. SMITH, 

who was a graduate of Dartmouth College ; 
fitted himself for the practice of law, re- 
sided in Barre, and became a good book 
lawyer. He represented the town in the 
Legislature 2 years, and was State's at- 
torney 2 years. He was twice married, 
but was without wife or children at his 
death, which took place at Barre, Mar. 6, 
i860 ; age 38 years. 

CONGREGATIONAL CHURCH IN BARRE. 

BY KEY. L. TENNF.Y. 

The Congregational church was organ- 
ized Nov. 14, 1799, consisting of 12 mem- 
bers. The council called for the organiza- 
tion of the church was made up of Revs. 
Richard Ransom, of Woodstock, John 
Ransom, of Rochester, Jonathan Kinney, 
of Plainfield, and James Hobart, of Berlin, 
and Deacon William Wood, delegate from 
Woodstock. During the first 7 years the 
church had no settled pastor. February 
22, 1807, the Rev. Aaron Palmer was or- 



BARRE. 



29 



dained, and his ministry continued until 
his death, Feb. 7, 1821. 

Rev. Justus W. French was ordained 
over this church May 23, 1822, and dis- 
missed Dec. 22, 183 1. 

Rev. Joseph Thatcherwas installed Jan. 
6, 1835, '^'''fl dismissed Jan. 31, 1838. 

Rev. James W. Wheelock was installed 
Sept. 17, 1838, and dismissed Nov. 20, 
1839. 

Rev. Andrew Royce was installed Feb. 
24, 1841, and dismissed Sept. 18, 1856. 

Rev. E. Ervin Carpenter was installed 
Dec. 22, 1857. anddismi.s.sed Mar. 6, 1867. 

Rev. Leonard Tenney commenced 
preaching for this people in Oct., 1867, and 
still (1871) continues to be their minister. 

The first meeting-house was raised in 
the fall of 1804, but was not fully finished 
until 1808. The church and society con- 
tinued to worship there until 1 841, when 
the present brick church was erected, 
which has since been very tastefully fitted 
up inside, by frescoing and carpeting, etc. 
It has a fine toned bell and a large organ, 
and the attendance has always been quite 
large. A large and flourishing Sabbath- 
school has been kept up for many years 
past. 

The Society have a very commodious 
parsonage. Rev. Mr. Tenney' resigned 
his charge May i. 1881. Under his min- 
istry the church was prospered ; differences 
of opinion which had existed between 
members were adjusted, and 130 new 
members added to their number ; a debt 
that had been incurred was paid, and the 
society placed on a sound financial basis. 
By his resignation, which he was moved to 
tender on account of failing health, the 
church lost a faithful pastor and leader. 

The Rev. P. McMillan, a graduate of 
Union Theological Seminary, is at pres- 
ent supplying the pulpit. No. of member- 
ship in 1880, 171 ; Sabbath-school, 256. 

METHQDISM IN BARRE. 
BY KEV. P MKHKILL. 

The first Methodist sermon was preached 
in Barre in 1796, by Rev. Jesse Lee, the 
great apostle of Methodism in New Eng- 
land, in the house of Col. Benj. Walker. 



While listening to the sermon of Mr. Lee 
at this meeting, Mrs. Catherine Thomp- 
son, the wife of Isaac S. Thompson, re- 
ceived into her heart the precious seed of 
the Gospel sower, and the following day 
her hu.sband, listening to a sermon from 
Mr. Lee, gave his heart to the Saviour. 
Others soon joined them, and a class was 
formed consisting of 11 members. Mrs. 
Thompson died in this same Christian 
faith, Apr. 13, i860, aged 93 years, living 
all this while within one mile of where she 
heard the memorable discourse of Mr. 
Lee. In the year 1797, Rev. Ralph Wil-^ 
liston was sent to Barre as preacher. The 
church since that time has been blest with 
good and efficient preachers. It has wit- 
nessed three great revivals, in 1824, '26 
and '42, under the labors of Revs. A. D. 
Merrill, I. Templeton, Daniel Kilborn, 
H. W. Wheelock, N. H. Houghton and 
J. L. Slason. The labors of other min- 
isters have been crowned with abundant 
success. The church now numbers 165 
members and 32 probationers, and is on 
the whole in a prosperous condition. 

The first church was erected on the 
common, but in what year the writer is 
unable to learn. [For date of early his- 
tory of Methodism in Barre, the reader is 
referred to the history of Methodism in 
Williamstown in the supplement volume 
of this work — Ed.] It was subsequently 
removed across the road to where the 
Congregational parsonage now stands. In 
the year 1837, a new church was erected, 
and 3 years since it was refitted and re- 
paired at an expense of $8,000. A fine 
parsonage is located opposite the church, 
which is furnished with the heavy furni- 
ture. This is considered among the best 
appointments in the Vermont Conference. 
The congregations are large on the Sab- 
bath, the Sabbath-school is in a prosper- 
ous condition, and the social meetings are 
of an interesting character. During its 
history no minister who has served it has 
degenerated, and no serious church trials 
have been experienced by its members. 
The oldest member connected with this 
church now living, (1871) is Mrs. Content 



3° 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



Patterson, aged 94 years, with her mental 
powers all vigorous. She has always en- 
joyed good health — (deceased). 

THE UNIVERSALIST CHURCH. 

BY KEV F. S. BLISS. 

The Universalist Church in Barre was 
organized Oct. 27, 1796. The Town 
Records, (vol. i), has the following cer- 
tificate : 

These may certify whom it may concern, 
that John Goldsbury, John Goldsbury, Jr., 
William Goldsbury, Thomas Dodge, Cal- 
vin Smith, Bartholomew French, Thomas 
Ralph, Amos Conant, Eliphalet Dens- 
more, George Little, Lemuel Farwell, Jon- 
athan Culver, Sylvanus Goldsbury, Henry 
Gale, Phineas Richardson, James Bodwell, 
liave formed themselves into a Religious 
Society, professing themselves to be of 
the Universalist Denomination, viz.: Be- 
lieving in universal redemption and salva- 
tion by the merits of Jesus Christ. 

William Farwell, Elder. 

This organization was formed 16 years 
after the township was chartered, and 3 
years after it received the name of Barre. 

Although Universalism in this place has 
pas.sed through various fortunes, it has 
never since been disorganized. The large 
and influential society and church now ex- 
isting here are the outgrowth of this ap- 
parently small beginning. 

There were Universalists among the first 
settlers of the town. John Goldsbury, 
whose name stands at the head of the six- 
teen which represent the original society, 
was one who began "the work of con- 
verting the wilderness into farms."" And 
most of these men are known to have been 
men ot intelligence, enterprise and good 
moral and religious character. Some of 
them were prominent citizens among the 
earlier settlers of the town, and a large 
part of them are still represented by lead- 
ing families in the community, and in the 
Universalist church. 

REV. WILLIAM FARWELL, 

whose name is affixed to the certificate of 
organization as the Elder of the society, 
was not a resident of Barre at the time 
the society was formed, but visited this 
and other places in the vicinity from time 
to time. He moved to Barre from North 



Charlestown, N. H., sometime in 1803 or 
"4. But there is little doubt he labored 
considerably with the society before he 
came to live with it. Mr. Farwell was the 
first resident Universahst minister in Barre. 
He did not preach here all the time, but 
did the work of an Evangelist in the region 
round about. We .have no means of 
knowing what portion of the time he 
preached in Barre ; but we know i\e often 
took quite extensive missionary tours in 
the State and into other States. Probably 
he did not regard himself at any time as 
strictly the. pastor of the society ; but he 
gave it much of his labor, and contributed 
largely to its establishment and growth. 
He was a mau of fervent piety, and greatly 
beloved, not only in his own church, but 
by all who knew him. He died at the 
residence of his son, and his body was laid 
to rest in the rural graveyard, near his old 
home in the south-east part of the town. 
Upon the stone which marks his grave we 
read this just tribute : 

Rev. William Farwell, died Dec. nth, 
1S23, in the 74th year of his age. He was 
a preacher of God's universal love, cheer- 
ful and friendly in life, faithful in his la- 
bors, and departed in hope of future life 
and immortality. 

In 1808, the Rev. Paul Dean moved to 
Barre, and became pastor of the society. 
He labored with it several years with great 
success. After his removal, it had no res- 
ident pastor until 1821 ; but was suppHed 
by various clergymen a portion of the time. 

In 1821, Rev. John E. Palmer was 
settled, and preached here statedly, a part 
of the time for 15 years. At that period 
in the history of our church, much mis- 
sionary labor was demanded. Our preach- 
ers were few, and not many of them were 
permitted to give their undivided labors to 
the care of one church. Mr. Palmer was 
often called to other fields of labor, and 
the church in Barre had to seek frequent 
supplies by other preachers. Rev. Thomas 
Browning was regularly employed a quar- 
ter of tiie time for several years, thus re- 
leasing Mr. Palmer, and enabling him to 
comply with the numerous demands for 
his services. Other preachers were also 



BARRE. 



31 



frequently employed, under the ministry 
of Mr. Palmer and Mr. Browning. Against 
all these disadvantages, the church stead- 
ily increased in numbers, strength and 
spiritual life. Fathers Palmer and Brown- 
ing still live, (1871) rejoicing for what has 
been done by their instrun'.entality, not 
only in Barre, but in many other tields 
which are now rich with harvests, grown 
from the seed which they sowed. 

In 1822, the society built a substantial 
brick church at South Barre, in which it 
worshipped until 1852. ^ 

Rev. R. S. Sanborn became pastor here 
in May, 1844, and was dismissed by his 
own request Oct. i, 1848. 

Rev. Joseph Sargent took charge in the 
autumn of 1849. His resignation was ac- 
cepted at the annual meeting, January 12, 
1857. His labors contributed largely to the 
growth of the church. By his untiring 
efforts a new and beautiful church was 
built in the Lower Village in 1852. The 
business and population of the town had 
largely moved to this village, and the life 
of the church seemed to be waning. 

The church built in 1852, is the one in 
which the congregation now worships. It 
needs, and will soon receive, extensive re- 
pairs. Since the society moved to its 
present place ot worship, its growth has 
been constant and rapid. There are now 
100 families connected with the society. 

The church was re-organized in October, 
1859, ^"<i since, 136 persons have united 
with it ; present membership, 118. There 
is connected with the society a flourishing 
Sabbath-.school, and it has a good parson- 
age. The society has a small fund from 
which it derives an annual income. 

The present pastor. Rev. F. S. Bliss, 
began his labors Mar. 8, 1857, and has 
pieached to it all the time for nearly 15 
years. 

GoDDARD Seminary, under the control 
of the Universalists of Vermont, was lo- 
cated in this town in 1864, and is in in- 
timate connection with this society. It 
has contributed $25,000 within 6 years for 
its benefit. In the meantime it has done 
its full share in sustaining the various en- 



terprises of the denomination. It has con- 
tributed liberally for the freedmen, for the 
circulation of the Bible, for missionary 
work and other benevolent enterprises. 
And it now develops more ability, zeal 
and liberality than ever before. In num- 
bers, wealth, intelligence, moral and Chris- 
tian character, it is thought to compare 
favorably with the other churches in town. 
Barre, 1871. 

Record continued to 188 1, by Rev. W. 

M. KiMMELL. 

Rev. F. S. Bliss resigned his pastorate 
of 15 years, 2 mos. from ill-health, preach- 
ing his last sermon, April 28, 1872. 

Rev E. J. Chaffee succeeded Mr. Bliss 
for one year ; after him Rev. Lester War- 
ren 2 years. Upon his departure the old 
church edifice was enlarged and remod- 
eled at a cost of several thousand dollars. 
The present building is modern in style, 
commodious, and nicely furnished. In the 
fall of 1875, the Rev. James Vincent be- 
came pastor of the society, remaining until 
February, 1880, and followed the first of 
the next month by myself. There are 120 
families belonging to the parish. The 
Sunday school has enrolled 180. The 
Library contains 501 volumes. 

W. M KiMMELL, 

Pastor of Utiiversalist Society. 

PAPERS CONTRIBUTED FOR BARRE. 

I',Y STll.LMAN WOOD, KX-POSTM ASTKIi. 

For a while after the first settlers came 
in there was no grist-mill in town, and 
they had to go 20 miles or more to Ran- 
dolph with their grists. There then was 
no road through the gulf as at present ; 
they had to go by way of the route since 
known as the old Paine Turnpike. The 
first roads built in town were over the hills 
instead of around them. The objectsoughl 
was to go as much on dry ground as pos- 
sible. At an early day there was a turn- 
pike road chartered and built, commencing 
at the checkered store in Barre and ending 
at Chelsea. The gate to this pike was in 
the town of Washington. This pike was 
the main thoroughfare south-east, leading 
from town towards Massachusetts, and an 
outlet for trafiic to and from Boston. At 



32 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



a later date, Ira Day, then the principal 
merchant in town, obtained a charter for a 
turnpike through the celebrated gulf in 
Williamstown. This was found to be a 
feasible and easily built road — was owned 
and built principally by Mr. Day — and 
found to be a source of profit, taking away 
a large part of the travel from the Chelsea 
route. The gulf road subsequently be- 
came the stage route, traversed by six and 
eight horse coaches, taking the travel from 
Montpelier and towns north, from Canada, 
even, and at one time carrying the British 
mail, which came then by the way of 
Boston, a British soldier accompanying 
each mail having his musket always in 
readiness for depredators. 

STAGE COACHES AND OLD-TIME TEAMS, 

before the advent of railroads, were a 
prominent feature in the business of Barre, 
and were owned principally by Ira Day and 
Mahlon Cottrill, of Montpelier. When 
the stage horn was heard, there was al- 
ways a rush for news, and the few mo- 
ments the stage stopped, spectators were 
abundant. 

Barre was also celebrated for its six and 
eight horse teams which carried freight to 
and from Boston, for Montpelier mer- 
chants as well as for those in Barre. Six 
or eight such teams were always on the 
road, and the regular trips were made once 
in each thr«e weeks. Among the foremost 
of these teamsters was Capt. Wm. Brad- 
ford. He had one horse who went loo 
trips without missing a single trip, going, 
of course, each journey for 6 years without 
a rest. A large per cent, of the heavy 
freight drawn consisted of hogsheads of 
new rum, to supply Montpelier and Barre. 
Some say as much as one-half, but per- 
haps one third would be nearer correct. 

STOCK AND FARMING. 

Barre has always held a good rank in 
raising good horses, some spans selling as 
high as $i,ooo, and some stock horses 
selling for several thousand. As a farm- 
ing town, Barre ranks among the best in 
the State. 

Formerly sheep and wool-raising was 
the leading interest, but of late years 



dairying has taken the lead. Although 
there are no large dairies in town, those of 
from lo to 25 cows are numerous. We 
have one creamery where excellent butter 
is made, and the milk is used after skim- 
ming to make skim cheese. A large 
amount of Western grain is being used by 
dairymen ; whether to profit or not, is a 
question to be settled by longer experi- 
ence. 

Grain and potatoes, in the early days of 
the settlers, were much used in the man- 
ufacture offwhisky, but of late years it has 
entirely ceased. Potato starch was form- 
erly made in large quantities, potatoes 
selling at the first introduction of the busi- 
ness from 16 to 14 cents per bushel, de- 
livered at the factory. 

Wool-carding and cloth-dressing was 
formerly quite an extensive business. The 
first carding works were built by John 
Baker, and were situated on the site now 
occupied by the Fork Co. It was also 
early introduced by Ira Day, near South 
Barre. 

Once on a time Mr. Day and his fore- 
man were in his mill in time of a freshet. 
The mill was in much danger of going down 
stream. It. soon started, Mr. Day and his 
man in the meantime rushing for the door, 
too late to reach dry land, sprang upon 
some timbers floating within reach. The 
timbers were sometimes uppermost, and 
then the men, but after a cool and dan- 
gerous ride, both were happy to regain solid 
ground, wetter, if not better, men than 
before. 

EARLY POSTMASTERS. 

John Baker was at a very early day ap- 
pointed postmaster, and held the office 
many years. Afterwards it was located at 
South Barre, and Walter Chaffee appointed 
P. M. Mr. Chaffee was a large, fleshy 
man, a tailor with a wooden leg. Each 
Sunday he would come to church at the 
north part of the town, with the week's 
mail in the top of his hat, and deliver the 
same at noon upon the meeting-house 
steps, to the various claimants. Postage 
was then 25 cents for each letter that came 
over 400 miles ; 6 cents and one-fourth 



BARRE. 



33 



was for the shortest distance, each one 
paying when he got his letter. 

Alvan Carter was the successor of Mr. 
Chaffee, and held the office a long time. 
After his time was ended, there was a loud 
call for a P. O. at the lower village, and 
warm discussions were held which should 
be Barre, and which iV^r//^ or ^w^//^Barre. 
But the people in the north part of the 
town carried their point, and since have 
largely outstripped their southern rival. 
It is now the main business centre. 
Since the office has been at the north vil- 
lage, the respective postmasters have been, 
James Hale, Frances Hale, E. E. French, 
G. B. Putnam, Stillman Wood, and Wm. 
A. Perry, the present-occupant. 

THE FIRST MERCHANTS 

in town were Silas Willard, who built 
the checked store in the lower village. Ira 
Day was located at South Barre, and for 
many years the leading merchant in town. 
Each year he bought large droves of beef 
cattle in this and the surrounding towns, 
for the Boston market, which gave him an 
extensive and lucrative business, no one 
knew how to manage better than himself. 
At the time Gen. Lafayette made the tour 
of New England, he was the guest of Mr. 
Day, who furnished a splendid coach and 
six beautiful white horses for transportation 
of the General and his suite. 

Jack Pollard was also a merchant in 
those early days, of considerable notoriety. 
He was famous for collecting large droves 
of mules which were raised at that time, 
and sent south. Of late years the busi- 
ness has been entirely abandoned. 

Other merchants of a more recent date 
were Harry Tracy, Daniel Spring, Center 
Lamb, George W. Collamer, John & 
Charles French, I. A. Phillips, H. W. 
French, and several others since. The 
present merchants are Perry & Camp, H. 
Z. Mills, John Morrison, L. J. Bolster, 
dry goods ; men's furnishing goods, G. P. 
Boyce ; drugs and medicines, Wm. H. 
Gladding, Chas. A. Smith; flour and feed, 
H. Webster, R. L. Clark, L. M. Averill, 
L. J. Bolster; hardware and tin, J. M. 
Jackman, G. I. Reynolds. 



Until the advent of railroads, the town 
was well supplied with hotels, or taverns, 
as the older folks called them. The three 
principal in am early day were, one at 
South Barre, owned and run by James 
Paddock, one at the Lower village, owned 
by Apollos Hale, and afterwards by James, 
his son ; also one at Gospel village, so 
called, h mile east of Lower village. 
Judge Keith, the proprietor, was one of 
the noted men in town, and high sheriiT 
of the County for several years. He used 
to relate that from the profits of his office 
of high sheriff he built, and paid for build- 
ing, his tavern stand in one year. 

Judge Keith was a man of much influ- 
ence, and held many and important offices. 
His family of boys were intelligent and in- 
fluential, and also became leading men. 
The late Judge Keith, of Montpelier, was 
his oldest son. 

Subsequently there were at least 6 tav- 
erns in town at one time, all doing an ex- 
tensive business, owing to the large amount 
of travel which went through town, but 
since the advent of the railroad, hotels are 
at a great discount. 

When the first settlers commenced to 
clear their land and raise wheat, the wild 
pigeons came in great abundance, so much 
so as to be quite a drawback, and it re- 
quired great care and skill to protec^ the 
crops from their depredations. They might 
be seen at all hours of the day flying from 
point to point in different directions all 
about town. Thousands were caught by 
nets, but for the want of proper markets, 
were of little value, except what could be 
used by the inhabitants, and at some 
seasons of the year they were lean and 
scarce fit for the table. 

Uncle Brown Dodge, who was famous 
for his large stories, and told them so often 
he supposed them to be true, used to re- 
late that once when he had sown a piece of 
wheat, he saw it covered with pigeons, 
and went for his old fusee, and fired just as 
the pigeons were rising, and was aware of 
making an under-shot — " Never killed a 
pigeon, not a pigeon — but mind you," said 
he, " I went into the field afterwards and 
picked up two bushels of legs." 



S 



34 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



Mr. Dodge had three sons. Two of 
them setded on excellent farms, and be- 
came influential and wealthy, and the 
younger one went with his family as Mis- 
sionary to the Cherokee Indians. He had 
two sons, who when grown to man's es- 
tate were in need of some one for sooth- 
ing the rough passage of life. Mr. Dodge, 
the father, started East, came to Vermont, 
and when he returned was accompanied by 
two handsome, young ladies, and very soon 
after his arrival home, had the satisfaction 
of seeing his sons both married to Vermont 
girls. Leonard, the oldest son, became a 
teacher ; the younger son built and run a 
saw-mill. He was a brave young man, to 
whom the Indians took an offence, and one 
day, while standing in his mill, a bullet 
from an Indian's rifle came rushing through 
his heart. 

DOCT. ROBERT PADDOCK 

settled in town about 1806, and spent a 
long life in the practice of his profession. 
He was a well-educated and energetic man, 
successful in practice, and not easily turned 
from his own way. To illustrate : He was 
troubled with an in-growing nail on the 
great toe of his right foot. One morning 
he came into his oflSce, where his son and 
another student were studying, bringing in 
a chisel and mallet. Having suitably placed 
his *liisel, he told a student to take the 
mallet and strike. He at first refused, but 
he said he should be obeyed — I tell you to 
strike. The toe went flying across the 
room, and the remedy was successful. 

Doct. Lyman Paddock, son of Doct. 
Robert, who succeeded him in practice, 
spent a long number of years in the pro- 
fession. He is now with his sister in 
Illinois, is 97 or 98 years old, with a fair 
prospect of living to be a hundred. 

DOCT. VANSICKLIN 

was another of our early and noted phy- 
sicians. He was a man of decided tal- 
ents, and had a large number of students, 
some of whom became men of talents. 
The celebrated Doct. Socrates Sherman, 
of Ogdensburg, N. Y., was one of his 
students, and a Barre boy, the son of Capt. 
Asaph Sherman. Time does not permit 
us to mention particularly all who have 



practiced in town, but we will not neglect 
to speak of 

DOCT. WALTER BURNHAM, 

who removed to Lowell, Mass., and be- 
came celebrated as a successful surgeon. 

Later came Doct. A. B. Carpenter and 
Doct. A. E. Bigelow, now our oldest prac- 
ticing physician. Doct. H. O. Worthen, 
'Doct. J. H. Jackson, Doct. A. E. Field 
and Doct. B. W. Braley are our present* 
physicians in the allopathy practice. Doct. 
H. E. Packer succeeds the late Doct. 
C. H. Chamberlin as a honicjeopathist. 

LAWYERS 

in town : one of the first was Judge James 
Fisk; another, the yon. Dennison Smith, 
of both of whom, see notice by Mr. Car- 
penter. 

Hon. Lucius B. Peck, a partner of 
Judge Smith, was a man of note and a 
representative in Congress. 

Newell Kinsman was in practice for a 
long time, associated in business a part of 
the time with E. E. French, Esq. C. W. 
Upton, D. K. Smith, L. C. Wheelock, 
have all successfully practiced in town. 

Our present lawyers are : Wm. A. & 
O. B. Boyce, E. W. Bisbee and G. W. 
Bassett. 

SOIL AND game. 

There is no land in town so broken but 
what each lot is capable of becoming a 
passable farm if well cultivated. No 
broken land except the granite hills, which 
are still more valuable than the land in 
general. The streams were formerly well 
stocked with the speckled trout, but of 
late years they have become exceeding 
scarce. THe first settlers found wild game 
quite plenty, but bears and other large 
game found too many sharp hunters to 
make their haunts safe places to dwell in. 

Doct. Robert Paddock kept a small pack 
of hounds, and no music was sweeter to 
his ear than the baying of his dogs. Gen- 
eral Blanchard was not much behind the 
Doctor in his love of the same kind of 
music. Occasionally a bear was captured ; 
generally by a regular hunt, when every 
man had a chance to show skill, as well as 
the more practiced huntsman. There was 



BARRE. 



35 



one killed in 1844 or '5, and but one since 
to the writer's knowledge. 

Our most successful hunter was Lemuel 
Richardson, who is now living in our 
midst, and is 81 years old. His record is 
as follows : Between the years of 182 1 
and 1847, he killed with hound and gun 
714 foxes; since then he has taken in 
traps 675, making in all 1,389 foxes. He 
has during the same time killed of other 
game three deer, 12 fishers, five otter and 
sable, coons, muskrats and mink too 
numerous to mention. Mr. R. is a man 
to be relied on, and the above statement 
may be taken as correct. 

BARRE VILLAGE 

is situated nearly in the centre of the town. 
The principal stream running throuo;h the 
village is called Jail Branch, taking its 
name from a log jail once built on its bank. 
Coming from the south part of the town is 
a stream called Stevens' Branch, and unit- 
ing with Jail Branch before it enters the 
village. On this stream is situated a 
famous water-privilege called Day's mills, 
on which is now a grist and saw-mill, an 
extensive door, sash and blind manufac- 
tory ; on the same stream there is also 
Robinson's sash arid blind establishment 
and granite polishing works, and on the 
same stream before it enters Jail Branch is 
located Moorcroft Flannel Factory. The 
first water occupied on Jail Branch is by 
the Stafford & Holden Manufacturing Com- 
pany, for the purpose of manufacturing all 
kinds of hay and manure forks, potato 
diggers, etc., and in addition to the water 
power they have a 30 or 40 horse-power 
engine. Next on the stream are the mills 
and furnace of Smith, Whitcomb & Cook. 
These are the works formerly owned by 
Joshua Twing, once a celebrated mill 
builder. 

There is one principal street running 
through the village, called Main street, 
and near the upper end of the village 
called South Main street ; Bridge street 
crossing the Branch and connecting with 
Brooklyn street ; also with Hoboken. Elm 
street leaves Main near the National Bank, 
and nins north ; Merchant street is another 



fine street running north ; Seminary street 
also runs north, and passes the Goddard 
Seminary. Depot Square and its sur- 
roundings is also very pleasant. The street 
leading from the village by Barre Academy 
is a very gentle rise, leading to the Cem- 
etery. 

Barre Cemetery justly deserves, and 
has the reputation of being one of the best 
in the State. It is partly surrounded by a 
very beautiful cedar hedge, and has two 
fountains, furnished by water from the 
neighboring hills, which add very much to 
its beauty. Many fine monuments of 
goodly variety have been put up, the 
grounds tastefully laid out, and, taking it 
all in all, we are happy to compare it with 
any in the State. 

The streets of Barre are well lined with 
shade trees, which add very much to its 
attractions. There are 18 stores in town, 
and our post-office has been made a sala- 
ried office, and does a very fair business. 

The town has a well regulated library, 
of several hundred volumes, which are con- 
siderably read, but the newspapers prob- 
ably take nine-tenths of all the time 
devoted to reading. Geo. P. Boyce is our 
librarian. 

" Barre Agricultural Library. — 
First officers, J. S. Spaulding, pres. ; S. E. 
Bigelow, vice-pres. ; C. Carpenter, sec. ; 
Stillman Wood, treasurer and librarian." 
Among the things that were : sold out. 

Barre has a Job Printing Establishment 
run by Prentiss C. Dodge, and a news- 
paper. 

The first newspaper printed in town was 
" The Barre Times." It was a monthly 
sheet, issued during the year 1871, spicy, 
of a literary character, and published by 
Stillman Wood, Esq. 

" The Barre Herald," established in 
1879, by E. N. Hyzer, was published 
about 9 months. 

"The Barre Enterprize," 
was commenced in 1880. The first num- 
ber was i.ssued December nth of the past 
year. It was conducted till April, 1881, 
by Mr. Lewis P. Thayer, of Randolph, 



36 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



when W. F. Scott, its present editor and 
proprietor, came into possession of the 
publication and issued his first number of 
the paper, April i6, 1881. 

MANUFACTURES. 

Plows and castingfor mill-irons are man- 
ufactured at the old Twing stand, by 
Smith, Whitcomb & Cook. Their plows 
are becoming a great favoritp among the 
farmers. We have also Stafford & Hol- 
den's Fork Factory, Holden's Factory — 
Dr. McCroft, proprietor : Makers of Tin 
Ware: J. M. Jackman, Geo. J Reynolds. 
W. C. Durkee, Coffins & Caskets :. Shep- 
lee & Jones; Harnesses, C. La Paige, M. 
B. McCrillis. Boots & Shoes, J. Porter, 
O. D. Shurtleff. Sash, Blinds & Doors, 
South, J. S. Robinson, Abel Wood: 
Woolen Goods, William Moorcroft — are 
our minor manufactures : See W'altoii's 
Register, 1881 ; our chief business being 
the Granite Works, a notice of which will 
appear by the parties tliemselves, or some 
representative from their numbers. 

We. have a very efficient 

FIRE COMPANY 

of sixty stalwart young men, with a first- 
class hand engine, that took the first prize 
at a trial made in Burlington a few years 
since. 

Barre has a Lodge of Good Templars in 
successful operation, which promises to be 
of great benefit to the people. 

BARRE CORNET BAND, 

well organized, is under the present lead- 
ership of Dr. Clarence B. Putnam. This 
Band was organized several years before 
the late war, and was at that time one of 
the best in the State. Early in the war 
they volunteered to go as a Band, were ac- 
cepted, and served during the war. 

They did not all return. Some were 
left to occupy a grave in the Southern 
States. G. B. Putnam, who resigned the 
office of Postmaster to go and sei-ve his 
country, now rests in an unknown grave. 
He was the father of the present leader of 
the Band. 

Those who belonged to, and went as 
members, were H. Warner French, leader ; 



A. B. Fisher, P. Parker Page, Geo. Beck- 
ley, Albert Wood, James Averill, John W. 
Averill, Geo. Blanchard, Wm. Clark, G. 

B. Putnam, Wm. Olds. With some few 
exceptions, the Band has been in prac- 
tice ever since the war, and some of the 
veterans still occupy prominent places in 
the same. 

BARRE BOYS IN THE WEST. 

Barre has furnished its full share of 
young men who have gone West to earn a 
living, and build up the land of their adop- 
tion. Among the more successful we 
might mention Henry Wood, son of Still- 
man Wood, Esq., a merchant. He has 
traveled in Europe a year ; is the owner of 
real estate in Chicago which yields a good- 
ly income, and of a handsome cottage on 
Scituate Beach, in Massachusetts, a sum- 
mer residence. The firm of Keith Broth- 
ers, sons of Martin Keith, in Chicago, are 
also Barre boys, carry on a wholesale trade 
in the millinery line, are among w'ealthy 
and leading firms in Chicago. Clark Ll^p- 
ton, late Mayor of Waukegan, 111., was a 
Barre boy, and a lawyer of more than com- 
mon ability. Five sons of Micah French 
are in the West, working to lay up a for- 
tune. It is said to be much easier to get 
up a large party of intelligent Barre boys 
in Chicago than in Barre itself at the pres- 
ent time. 

lon(;kvitv. 

Names of some of the older people who 
have died in town : Abel Camp, aged 
92, and his wife, Abigail, 86; Benjamin 
Wood, 86, and his wife, 87 ; Chapin Keith, 
80, and his wife, 86; Mrs. Sally Willard, 
81; Miss Mary Gale, 80; Gould Camp, 
92 ; Robert Parker, 83 ; John (joldsbury, 
90, and his wife, 80; John Wheaton, 95; 
Mrs. Benjamin Wheaton, 80 ;^Luke Olds, 
86 ; Israel Wood, 80 ; Isaiah Little, 84 ; 
Capt. W^m. Bradford, 86, his wife, 83; 
Anna Bradford, 88 ; Silas Town, 88 ; Reu- 
ben Nichols, 83 ; Samuel Cook. 94 ; Dan- 
iel Kinney, 82 ; Mrs. Judith Wood, 83 ; 
Polly Cook, 81 ; Alvah Wood, 84, his wife, 
83 : Otis French, 89 ; Jerra Richardson, 
82 ; Jerry Batchelder, 83 ; Mrs. John 
Thompson, S3; Mrs. Nancy Barber, 84; 



BARRE. 



37 



James Knowland, 85 ; Mrs. Dudley Ster- 
ling, 92 ; Thomas Town, 84 ; Jonathan 
Claflin, 84 ; Joseph Sterling ; Plina Whea- 
ton, 83. 

The above list might be greatly ex- 
tended if time now permitted. 

June 27, 1 88 1. 

Names of people now living in town 
whose ages are 80 years and upwards — so 
far as we can learn : Lucy Davis, 97 years 
old ;^ Hetty Willey, 93 ; Eleanor Needham, 
94; Lucy Wood, 95; Delia French, 86; 
Hannah French, 85 ; Louis Dana, 85 ; 
Jonathan Bancroft, 87 ; Aaron Ashley, 81 ; 
Freedom Homes, 83; Fisher Homes, 81 ; 
Charlotte Goldsbury, 81 ; Sally Gale, 86 ; 
Samuel Burns, 87 ; Nathaniel Lawson, 82 ; 
Justus Ketchum, 81 ; Cynthia Hooker, 82 ; 
Joseph Norris, 81; Peter Nichols, 81; 
Mary Noyes, 87; Achsa Richardson, 81 ; 
Lemuel Richardson, 81 ; Betsey Water- 
man, 81 ; Rodney Bradford, 81 ; Sarah 
Cox, 84; Susan Chamberlin, 84; Mason 
Carpenter, 82 ; Josiah Beckett, 86 ; Lucy 
Lawson, 83; Otis Durkee, 80; Mrs. Car- 
roll Smith, 86. 

GRANITE LODGE F. & A. M. 

was chartered January 11, 1855, to John 
Twing, Otis Peck, James Hale, Maynard 
French, Adolphus Thurston, S. W. Davis, 
Martin Keith and their associates. The 
first three principal officers installed were 
Alva Eastman, W. M., Martin Keith, S. 
W., Webber Tilden, J. W. ; and Clark 
Holden was the first Secretary elected by 
the Lodge. The organization has been in 
good working order from the first, and its 
membership steadily increased with the 
growth of the place, being now 125. They 
have a pleasant and commodious lodge- 
room in the old Tilden Block. The lodge 
have ever given ready attention to the 
calls of charity, caring for a sick and needy 
brother, and distributing to the wants of a 
brother's widow and orphans. Measures 
have recently been taken to provide a bu- 
rial fund m the benefits of which the fam- 
ily of every member might share. Thir- 
teen masters have been elected by the 
lodge since its organization ; of the.se Geo. 
W. Tilden held the office 7 years, and to 



his labors the Craft owes much of its pros- 
perity. Past Masters : Alva Eastman, 
Martin Keith, Webber Tilden, Dr. N. W. 
Perry, A. A. Owen, Justin H. Blaisdell, 
Geo. W. Tilden, Henry D. Bean, Hial O. 
Hatch, Eli Holden, Henry H. Wetmore, 
Dr. J. Henry Jackson. 

BARRE LODGE, 

No. 929, Knights of Honor, was in- 
stituted in Barre, March 4, 1878, com- 
posed of 13 Charter members: George 
W. Tilden, J. H. Jackman, M. D., E. D. 
Blackwell, J. M. Perry, O. H. Reed, W. 
A. Perry, B. W. Braley, M. D., C. A. 
Gale, M. D., E. D. Sabin, Henry Priest, 
F. P. Thurber, J. G. Morrison, L. J. 
Mack, and the officers of the lodge were, 
Henry Priest, Dictator; E. D. Blackwell, 
V. D. ; J. G. Morrison, A. D. ; B. W. 
Braley, G. ; W. A. Perry, R. ; J. M. 
Perry, F. R. ; O. H. Reed, T. ; L.J. 
Mack, G. ; F. P. Thurber, S. ; J. H. 
Jackson, C. ; George W. Tilden, P. D. 

The lodge met in Masonic Hall until 
Feb. I, 1879, after which they rented and 
furnished a hall in Jackman's block, where 
they still remain. Meeting the 2d and 4th 
Monday evenings of each month. 

The lodge has been always in a flour- 
ishing condition since first organized, 
there being an average addition of 20 
members each year. The lodge is under 
the jurisdiction of the Grand Lodge of the 
State, but makes reports direct to the Su- 
preme Lodge, and also sends all money for 
widows' and orphans' benefit fund direct 
to the Supreme treasurer, the Supreme 
lodge only having power to pay out money 
on death benefits. There has been twelve 
assessments for the year ending June 30, 
1881, making only six dollars paid for each 
thousand dollars insurance. When the 
Order was smaller and also in the time of 
the yellow fever south, there were assess- 
ments amounting to eight dollars per thou- 
sand. Three deaths have occurred in the 
Order in Barre Lodge since its organiza- 
tion : Frank P. Thurber Dec. 3, 1879, 
Thomas McGovern Nov. 4, 1880, and C. 
H. Chamberlin, M. D., Feb. 22, 1881. 
A death benefit of ($2,000) two thousand 



38 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



dollars each was paid to their families very 
soon after the death of these members, 
and was of great benefit to the families. 
The lodge now consists of 68 members 
and is constantly increasing. The present 
officers are W. C. Nye, D. ; L. W. Scott, 
V. D. ; Lewis Keith, A. D. ; George M. 
Goss, R. ; George P. Boyce, F. R. ; B. 
W. Braley, T. ; A. C. Reed, C. ; C. A. 
Wheaton, Guide ; William Clark, Guar- 
dian ; W. L. Huntington, S. ; O. H. 
Reed, P. D. 

Our lodge is free from debt ; the hall 
nicely and tastefully furnished. A new 
Prescott organ purchased this spring stands 
in the hall, and we have a surplus of 
$200 in the treasury ; our best citizens 
are its members, and we predict for the 
Knights of Honor in this place a green 
and flourishing old age. 

TOWN OFFICERS FROM 1870 tO 1880. 

BY C. HOLDEN, TOWN CLERK. 

Representatives : Wm. E. Whitcomb, 
1870; Wm. A. Boyce, 1872; Eli Holden, 
1874; Jacob S. Spaulding, 1876; J. Henry 
Jackson, 1878; Henry Priest, 1880. 

Town Clerks : Carlos Carpenter, 1871 ; 
Clark Holden, 1872-1881, present Town 
Clerk. 

First Selectmen: W. C. White, 1871, 
'73^ '74' 'iS'i Augustus Claflin, 1872, '79, 
'80, '81 ; Ira P. Harrington, 1876, '77, '78. 

Constables : N. F. Averill, 1871 , '72, 'jt, ; 
G. I. Jackson, 1874, '75, '76; Carlos Car- 
penter, 1877; L. W. Scott, 1878, '79, '80; 
Chas. L. Currier, 1881. 

FAPER OF E. L. SMITH, DEALER IN BARRE 
GRANITE. 

In regard to the statement of the "quar- 
ries " of Barre, I cannot give a very definite 
one in regard to any but of the one in 
which I am interested. This one, known 
as the Smith & Kimball Quarry, is located 
upon the farm formerly owned by the late 
Edward J. Parker, consists of nearly 3 
acres, and has not been fully developed as 
yet. It was opened in the summer of 
1879, by E. J. Parker, but not worked to 
any extent until the spring of 1880, since 
which there has been taken away from the 
c^uarry not far from 20,000 feet of working 



stock. We claim that this granite is equal 
to any for monumental and polished work, 
and so far has been quite easy to quarry, 
laying in large sheets of more than ordinary 
thickness, being covered with soil to the 
depth of 4 feet in many places, and the 
top sheets are found to be nearly as good 
and clean as those underneath, which is 
not often the case. 

We have made no public monuments, 
nor furnished stock for any public build- 
ings. We ship stock in the rough to quite 
an extent to Burlington, Vt., Albany, N. 
Y., Danville, Pa., and numerous other 
points ; am now furnishing granite for a 
bank building, to be erected in Danville, 
Pa., to the amount of 1500 cubic feet ; have 
a contract to furnish the stock for a large 
monument to be erected in Boston, Mass., 
which will take nearly 1000 cubic feet. 
One piece alone is to be 9^ ft. square and 
2 ft. thick ; will weigh nearly 20 tons. 
If we had facilities for handling and draw- 
ing, we could quarry a block of any de- 
sired size. We employ now upon an average 
about 15 quarrymen, and the number of 
cutters in the employ of Mr. S. Kimball, 
(works are located at Montpelier, Vt.), 
and Smith & Wells, Barre, Vt., must num- 
ber at least 30. We make any kind of 
work to be made in granite, from rough 
underpinning to a nice polished monument ; 
value of stock taken from quarry at least 
$10, coo; amount of finished work made 
during year ending June ist, 1881, by E. 
L. Smith & Smith & Wells (Mr. Wells be- 
came a partner in March, 1881), about 
$12,000. 

I consider this (granite) business es- 
tablished upon a sound basis, which I 
think will increase in time to be one of the 
largest industries of our State. Barre 
granite is second to none, and when once 
introduced will recommend itself. 

There are at present 8 quarries opened, 
which are worked to quite an extent in 
town, namely : " Cobble Hill," owned by 
E. L. Smith & P. C. Wheaton, now work- 
ed by P. C. Wheaton. This is of a rather 
light gray, and is probably the best place 
in Vermont to quarry stone for under- 
pinning, being quite rifty, so that it can 



BARRE. 



39 



readily be split in pieces 8 in. thick, 2 ft. 
wide and 20 ft. long. It is strong, and is 
of the very best material for building work, 
curbing, etc., which can be found. 

" Harrington Quarry," owned and work- 
ed by Ira P. Harrington, who has lopg 
been in the granite business, upon which 
he is now doing quite an amount of work 
in filling orders for rough stock. From 
these two quarries came the stock for the 
State House. They have been opened, I 
should judge, some 50 or 60 years. Mr. E. 
Hewett formerly worked the Cobble Hill 
Quarry, and upon the State House being 
rebuilt, he quarried quite an amount of 
blocks, to replace those injured by fire. It 
was near here that Charles Keith lost his 
life, while assisting in drawing one of those 
large blocks of granite up hill where they 
had to use ropes and blocks, a block giving 
away, and crushing him so that he died 
soon after. This is, so far as I know, the 
only fatal accident which has taken place 
in the town in connection^with granite 
working, but numerous have been the 
narrow escapes from a fatal one by pre- 
mature explosion of blasts, falling of der- 
ricks, etc. These two are the only old 
quarries of note in town, and while they 
have been worked long, yet consisting as 
they do of large extent, there is no ex- 
haustion of material, but on the contrary, 
plenty of it and easy of access. 

The Carnes Quarry, at East Barre, is 
worked by William Carnes, who has a 
shop, and finishes up his stock neatly. 

' ' The Eastman Quarry " has been opened 
some 4 or 5 years, and while it has not 
been worked to a large extent, it is good 
stock, and may prove to be one of the best 
in town. 

Levi Keith has a quarry opened which is 
called fair stock, not developed to any 
great extent, 

Bigelow Quarry, upon the farm of John 
Bigelow, was opened about 6 years ago, 
and is now worked by John Collins. There 
is a chance for quite an extensive quarry, 
and it may prove to be one of the princi- 
pal quarries in town, though the grain is 
not quite so fine and dark as some. 

" Mann Quarry," owned and worked by 



Geo. Mann, has been opened some 3 years, 
is of the best grain and color, but as yet 
the stock has been rather hard to quarry to 
advantage, the sheets not laying so free 
and even as in some of the other quarries. 

The quarry of Messrs, Wetmore & Morse 
is one of the best, if not the best in town 
and has been worked nearly 20 years ; was 
formerly worked by J. E. Parker, and has 
been owned and worked by Wetmore & 
Morse about 4 years. This is good stock, 
and lays in large sheets, and of late has 
been more extensively worked than any 
quarry in town. 1 estimate that they must 
have taken from this quarry during the 4 
years at least 45,000 ft. of working stock 
and to appearance there is none the less 
remaining. E. L. Smith. 

Barre, June 27, 1881. 

STATEMENT OF W. G. PARKER'S QUARRY 
AND WORKS, 

opened Oct. 29, 1880, began carrying on 
granite business Nov. 1,1873 ; workmen em- 
ployed from three to six ; has shipped gran- 
ite monuments to Wisconsin, Michigan, 
Ohio, New York and Massachusetts : also 
in Vermont ; amount of exports varying 
from $1,000 to $2,000. 

PAPERS FROM CHAS. A. SMITH. 

THE FIRST GRANITE SHOP IN BAUKE. 

J. S. Collins came to Barre in 1872, and 
opened a shop for the working of granite 
at the south end of the village, where he 
has since continued the business. This 
was the first shop of the kind opened in 
the village, and Mr. C. was the pioneer of 
the business of working granite for mon- 
umental purposes here. He at present 
employs five cutters at his shop and three 
men on the quarry, which he opened in 
1876, and which is known as the Bigelow 
Quarry. Though the business done by 
Mr. Collins is less than that of some of his 
competitors in town, yet the excellence of 
the work which he was the first to send 
out drew attention to the value of Barre 
granite for monumental uses, and led to 
the development of the business, and as a 
skillful master workman, he has taught the 
trade to a large number, who as propri- 
etors, or as workmen, ply the trade in 
other shops. 



40 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



Wetmore & Morse are the largest deal- 
ers in granite in town ; their shops, situa- 
ted on the west of the R. R. near the 
depot, are arranged in a semi-circle on 
either side of the branch track of the R. R. 
with a derrick so located as to raise and 
move stones to and from the cars and to 
any part of their yards. They commenced 
business in 1877, in a small shed near 
their present location, and for a time em- 
ployed but one workman beside Mr. 
Morse. In 1880, they employed for a 
time 85 workmen. They have turned out 
handsome specimens of monumental work. 
The largest job upon which they have 
been employed was the cutting for the 
Bowman Mausoleum at Cuttingsville — the 
receipts for this job being between fifteen 
and sixteen thousand dollars. They own 
and work the quarry known as the J. E, 
Parker Quarry, and on this employ from 
ten to twenty men. 

CARLETON FAMJLY. 

Rev. Hiram Carleton, born in Barre, 
July 18, 181 1 ; graduated at Middlebury 
College in 1833; was a teacher in Shore- 
ham, 1833-34; studied at Andover Theo. 
Sem. 1834-37 ; pastor of the Cong'l Church 
in Stowe in 1818. He has published an 
Analysis of the 24th chapter of Matthew. 
— J'/erso/i's Catalogue of Middlebury Coll. 

Hiram Carleton was the seventh son of 
Jeremiah and Deborah Carleton, early set- 
tlers in this town ; his father, Jeremiah 
Carleton, died Sept. 3, 1844, and his 
mother Mar. 18, 1843. He has living in 
town at this time (1881), two brothers, — 
Jeremiah Carleton, 2d, born Aug. 16, 1799 ; 
David Carleton, born Sept. 2, 1809. The 
former, Jeremiah 2d, is father of Rev. 
Marcus M. Carleton, a missionary of the 
Presbyterian Board, in Umballah, India; 
the latter, David, is father of Hiram Carle- 
ton, Esq., now of Montpelier. 

There were 10 children, I think, in the 
old family. The Carletons are a family of 
more than average ability ; with some 
marked peculiarities, but men of charac- 
ter. Rev. Hiram Carleton, D. D., is now 
Rector of an Episcopal church in Wood's 
Hole, Mass. Rev. Marcus Carleton of Um- 



ballah married Calista Bradford, daughter 
of Rodney Bradford of this place. Some 
ten or twelve years since she came un- 
attended froln India via. San Francisco, 
arriving here in the spring of 1869, with 5 
children, the eldest hardly in his teens, 
the youngest a mere babe. Her two eld- 
est boys fitted for college in the Academy 
here ; entered Amherst College, (their 
father's alma mater, ~) and graduated there ; 
the eldest has since graduated in medicine 
from the College of Physicians & Surgeons 
in N. Y. ; is with his mother ; his sisters, 
now grown to accomplished young ladies, 
are soon to return to India ; the 2d son 
has a position in the Public Library in 
New York. 

WILLIAM CLARK, 

son of Dea. Francis Clark, Senior, gradu- 
ated at Dartmouth about 1840; and at 
Andover Theol. Sem. ; was engaged for 
several years as a teacher in Ceorgia ; for 
a time settled over the Cong, church at 
Orford, N. H. ; sub.sequently went under 
the auspices of the American Board of 
Foreign Missions to Turkey ; was after- 
wards located at Milan, Italy, both as U. 
S. Consul and as the head of an educa- 
tional institution; some time about 1872, 
returned to America and purchased a home 
in Newbury, Vt., which he fitted up in a 
handsome manner, then, for several years, 
a private boarding school for young ladies, 
known as " Montebello," was kept up by 
his wife, (who was a daughter of Nathan- 
iel Farrington, ofWalden, Vt.,) and their 
daughter (an only child) who was a young 
lady of fine accomplishments. Mr. Clark 
returned to Europe about 1875 or '76, as 
the representative of a New York business 
house, and has since been for the most of 
the time in Germany. He returned a year 
or two since for his family, who returned 
with him, the property at Newbury being 
disposed of. Mr. Clark is a man of fine 
presence, a fine scholar, and the master of 
several languages. 

DR. SOCRATES SHERMAN, 

Native of Barre ; a skillful physician ; 
Medical Director of the Department of 
Virginia during the war ; Member of Con- 



BARRE. 



41 



gress one term, and at the time of his 
death, postmaster of Ogdensburg ; died at 
the latter place in 1873. 

WILLIAM A. DODGE, 

son of Dea. Nathaniel Dodge, graduated 
at Burlington about the year 1844; studied 
law ; has removed from town. 

MILITARY RECORD OF BARRE. 

From the account of Charles A. Smith 
in The Barre Enterprise, the following, 
whose graves were covered with flowers 
Decoration day — last month — were 

SOLDIERS OF THE REVOLUTION : 

Major Wm. Bradford, Abel Camp, Gould 
Camp, Lemuel Clark, in Barre Cemetery ; 
Warren Ellis, Nathan Harrington, Capt. 
Asaph Sherman, Nath'l Sherman, Adol- 
phus Thurston, in Williston Cemetery ; and 
the following 

SOLDIERS IN THE WAR OF l8l2 : 

David W. Aldrich, Sylvanus Aldrich, John 
Bancroft, Wm. Bassett, William Bradford, 
Jr., James Britain, Carver Bates, Simon 
Briggs, Simon Barber, Joel Bullock, Sam- 
uel Cook, Otis French, Bartholomew 
French, Bart. French, Jr., David French, 
John Gale, Israel Gale, John Hillery, Joel 
Holden, Reuben Lamb, Robert Parker, 
William Robinson, Danforth Reed, B. C. 
Smith, Silas Town, Thomas Town, John 
Wood, John Willson, Thomas Willson, 
Ellman Waterman, in Barre Cemetery; 
Joe Adams, Josiah Allen, Asa Boutwell, 
Eli Boutwell, Asa Blanchard, Joseph 
Dodge, Dan Rowland, Eli Holden, Davis 
Harrington, Humphrey Holt, Amos Jones, 
Robert Morse, James Nichols, Peter 
Nichols, David Richardson, Baxter Ster- 
ling, Joe Sterling, Asaph Sherman, Jona- 
than Sherman, Benj. Thompson, foseph 
Thompson, Marston Watters : In Mexi- 
can WAR Charles A. Bigelow, in Williston 
Cemetery. 

BARRE company FOR PLATTSBURGH. 
BY STILLMAK WOOD. 

The Military Company of Volunteers 
that left Barre for Burlington for the battle 
of Plattsburgh consisted of 117 men. 
This number took almost the entire set of 
young men whose ages were suitable for 

6 



military duty, with a few old revolutionary 
soldiers who felt they would like to have a 
hand in one more battle with the red coats. 
The farmer left his farm, the mechanic his 
shop, and the merchant his store to join 
in the common defence, and beat back an 
invading foe. When the news came that 
the British were about to cross the river 
and enter Plattsburgh, the excitement was 
intense ; to arms, was the universal re- 
sponse. Men gathered immediately from 
all parts of the town, and formed a com- 
pany : 

Military Roll of Barre Company of Vol- 
unteers in the War of 18 12. 
Officers : Warren Ellis, Capt. ; Na- 
than Stone, 1st lieut. ; Armin Rockwood, 
2d Lieut. ; Peter Nichols, Ensign ; A. 
Sherman, M. Sherman, B. French, C. 
Bancroft, Sergeants. Corporals : Moses 
Rood, 1st, Samuel Nichols, 3d,. P. 
Thompson, 4th, Wm. Ripley, 2d. Pri- 
vates: E. B. Gale, Sam'l Cook, Daniel 
Parker, John M. Willard, Chs. Robinson, 
Elijah Robinson, I. L. Robinson, Je'k. 
Richards, John Farwell, Silas Spear, Otis 
French, Jona. Markum, Andrew Davey, 
John Richards, Thomas Mower, Thomas 
Browning, John Howland, Jona. Sherman, 
Noah Holt, Oramel Beckley, Horace Beck- 
ley, Asa Dodge, Wm. Arbuckle, Saml. 
Mitchell, Josiah Allen, A. Bagley, James 
Hale, Enos Town, Jacob Scott, Comfort 
Smith, Sylvanus Goldsbury, William 
Goldsbury, Shubael Smith, Amos Jones, 
Isaiah Little, Asa Blanchard, Henry 
Smith, Ansel Patterson, B. Ingraham, 
Aaron Rood, William Bradford, By- 
ron Potter, Danforth Reed, Emery Ful- 
ler, Willard Keith, J. Penniman, Nathan- 
iel Batchelder, Isaac Gale, Jesse .Mor- 
ris, Silas Willard, R. R. Keith, Benjamin 
Burke, Thomas Town, Ira Day, Geo. S. 
Woodard, Stephen Freeman, Gideon 
Downing, Stephen Carpenter, Jonathan 
Smith, Nathan Stephens, A. West, John 
Bancroft, Amos Holt, M. Brown Dodge, 
R. W. Ketchum, John Thompson, James 
Britain, Orson Smith, Wm. Howard, Ben- 
jamin Richards, D. W. Averill, C. Bates, 
Doane Cook, Richard Smith, Josiah Bid- 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



well, Andrew Conant, Nath'I Batchelder, 
Jr., Calvin Howes, Sherman Watson, 
Thomas Parker, Peter Johonnott, Calvin 
Smith, John S. Willard, Joseph Sterling, 
Ira Ellis, C. Watson, Samuel Lawson, 
Cyrus Barber, Joseph Glidden, Seth Beck- 
ett, John Twing, Parley Batchelder, Josiah 
Leonard, M. Bussell, Wm. Batchelder, 
Wm. Bassett, David Sherburn, Isaac Sal- 
ter, Asa Patridge, S. Rice, Jr., J. Nich- 
ols, J. S. Thompson, Nehemiah Boutwell, 
Lewis Peck, Joel Holden, Wm. Chubb, 
David Richardson, Guy C, Nichols, Jona. 
G. Chaplin, John Gale, and Pliny Whea- 
ton. 

The company went mostly on foot, and 
arrived at Burlington on Saturday. The 
battle of Plattsburg was fought on Sunday, 
but for lack of transportation, few, if any, 
of the company had a hand in it, and on 
the same day there being a naval battle on 
the lake, in which the British foe were 
beaten, and retreated to Canada, there 
being no further necessity for defence, no 
foe to fight, most of our men came back 
without crossing the lake. Some, how- 
ever, went over, and some enlisted in the 
regular army. 

This company of stalwart young men, 
after returning to their respective homes 
and occupations, in after life filled many 
places of honor and trust in town, and 
many of them acquired military titles by 
being elected to office in the respective 
companies to which they severally be- 
longed in the State militia. In those days 
to gain the title of captain was considered 
worthy of a laudable ambition, and gave a 
man notoriety not otherwise easily at- 
tained. But that company of strong young 
men, so far as we can learn, have now all, 
except one, passed over the silent river to 
the land of peace beyond. Our neighbor 
Jonathan Bancroft, who was then i6 years 
old, went as teamster and carried baggage 
for the company. He is now 84, and is 
probably the only man now living who 
went to Burlington at that time. About 
one-half of these men have descendants 
or relatives "now living in town, and of the 
rest, their families have become extinct, 
or removed to parts far distant from Barre. 



WAR REPORT, 
KUOM AUGUSTU.S CLAFLIN, 

Chairman of the Board of Selectmen in 1S75, 
for that year. 
Whole number of three years men en- 
listed and credited to the town, 125; one 
year men, 21 ; nine months men, 38; 
drafted men held to service, 17; Total, 
201. Of the 17 drafted men, 8 furnished 
substitutes, 8 paid commutation money, 
and one only entered the service. The num- 
ber of men who were killed or died, was 
2,2,\ the number wounded and living, 15; 
Albert Gobar, a bounty jumper who after- 
wards returned under the Presidenfs pro- 
clamation of pardon, is the only deserter 
reported. Bounties were paid to : 23 men 
Co. B, loth Reg., raised by subscription, 
$575 ; to 29 nine months men, $25 each, 
by subscription, $700; to 10 nine months 
men, $50 each, $500 ; to 28 three years 
men, $300 each, $8,400 ; to 14 three months 
men, $200 each, $2,800 ; to Albert and 
Alson French, twin brothers, one of whom 
was drafted, and the other enlisted to be 
with him, $600; to C. H. Richard.son, 
who re-enlisted, $300 ; to 19 i year men, 
$1 1,060,00 ; to 2 men mustered at Wind- 
sor, $1,225; to I colored recruit, $400; 
to 9 navy men, $7,200; to Byron Carlton, 
James Powers, C. Woodward, $1,524.50; 
to those who went in 2d Reg. Vt. Vols., 
June, 1861, by subscrip. $55.00; total 
$35,340.85. 

The total expense to the town for select- 
men's and surgeons" services for subsist- 
ence of recruits and other expenses inci- 
dental to raising the quota of troops under 
different calls, is given at $35,995.24; 
total public expense $71,336-09. Money 
was paid by individuals as follows : amount 
paid by enrolled men who furnished sub- 
stitutes, $600 ; amount paid by drafted 
men who furnished substitutes, $2,600; 
amount paid by drafted men as commuta 
tion, $2,400; total $5,600. 



On the page of fame 

Does the soldier's valor bloom 
Brighter than the roses 

Cast upon his tomb. 



BARRE. 



43 



SOLDIERS OF THE WAR OF 1861. 

BY CIIAS. A. SMITH. 

The following is a list of the men furnished by the town under the different calls 
for troops, including those who were drafted, paid commutation, or furnished sub- 
stitutes : 

Reg. Co. Afii.ttered in. Discharged. 



jVames. 
Lemuel A. Abbott, 



Armory Allen, 



Henry L. Averill, 
James W. Averill, 



John W. Averill, 
James T. Bacon, 
Dan Barker, 

Davis H. Bates, 
Albert G. Bates, 
Peter N. Bates, 

Chauncey W. Beals, 
Orrin Beckley, Jr., 

Joel Bill, 

John Blanchard, 



Jiemarks. 

10 B Sept. I, '62. June 22, '65. Pro. 2 Lt. Co. D. Jan. 26, '63 ; 

1st Lieut. Co. E. Jan. 17, '64 ; 
Capt. Co. G. Dec. 19, '64, enlist, 
reg. army in '65 ; now Capt. 

11 E Dec. II, '63. Aug. 25, '65. Trans, to Co. V. R. C. July 26, '64, 

Co. D. June 24, '64 ; after to 

Co. A. 
C L Dec. 3, '63. Aug. 9, '65. Trans. Co. D. Jan. 21, '65. 
8 E Dec. 15, '63. Wound, at Winch. Va. losing part 

of one foot ; in hospital till close 

of war. 

28, '65. Mustered out. 

29, '64. Pro. Corp. pro. sergt. 
Sick; disch'd Nov. 16, '64; died 

soon at home. 



Dec. 15, '63. Jan. 
June 20, '61. Jan. 
Sept. I, '62. 



Origin A. Blanchard, 2 D Sept. 20, '61. 



James M. Boyce, 10 B 

Charles H. Bassett, 11 E 

Albert G. Bates, 17 E 

George L Beckley, 8 A 

Charles A. Bigelow, 17 E 

George W. Blanchard, 13 I 



Albert P. Boutwell. 1 1 E 

Edwin M. Bowman, C L 

Clarence A. Brackett, 17 C 

Geo. Badore, 13 I 

Frederick J. Barnes, 13 I 

Calvin Bassett, 15 D 

Origin Bates, 13 I 

Ira B. Bradford, 13 " 

Clark Boutwell, " " 

Albert J. Burrill, " " 
J. K. Bancroft, 
Warren Barnes, 
Kimbal Blanchard, 

Iram H. Camp, 2 D 

David G. Carr, 6 F 

Byron Carlton, 8 I 

Almon Clark, 10 



Henry L. Clark, 10 B 

William Clark, " " 

William Cox, 6 F 
Humphrey Campbell, Bat. 3 

Allen E. Cutts, 9 E 

Frank E. Cutts, " E 

Nathan J. Camp, 15 D 



Feb. 18, '62. Discharged June 30, '62. 

Oct. 15, '61. Pro. Corp., sergt., Dec. 28, '63 ; k'd 

Wilderness May 5, '64. 
Sept. I, '62. Jan. 22, '64. Discharged on sickness. 
June, 20, '61. Pro. serg ; wounded ; missing in 

battle May 10, '64. 
Oct. 20, '61. Discharged April 22, '63. 

Sept, I, '62. Feb. 22, '65. Dishc'd on acct. of wounds rec'd in 

Aug. '64. 
Pro. Corp., serg., must, out Sept. 

20, '64. 
Died Oct. 6, '63. 
Aug. 25, '65. Trans, to Co. D., to E., to A. 
Mustered out May 20, '65. 
Trans, to V. R. C., must, out July 
24, '65. Served in Band. 
'64. Died May 30, '64. 

'62. July 2, '63. Sergt ; re-enlisted Dec. '63 in 8th 
Reg.; serving in the Band ; 
must, out Jan. 28, '65. 
'65. Trans, to Co. D. to E. to A. 
Trans, to Co. D. Jan. 21, '65. 
Chosen corp. Pro. s'gt., taken pris. 



Sept. I, '62. 
Dec. II, '63. 

12, '64. 

15. '63- 



Apr. 
Dec. 



Apr. 
Oct. 



Dec. 
Dec. 

Apr. 
Oct. 



'63. Aug. 

'63. ■ 
'64. 
62. 



Aug. 16, '65. 
July 21, '63. 



Oct. 4, '62 



June 20, '61. 
Oct. 15, '61. 
Feb. 18, '62. 



Sept. I, '62. 

Oct. 15, '61. 
Aug. 20, '64. 
Aug. 8, '64. 
Aug. 17, '64. 
Oct. 22, '62. 



Aug. 

July 



5. '63- 
II, '63. 



Served as drummer. 

Drafted, p'd commutation. 
Procured substitute. 



•64. 



June 22, '65. 

June 15, '65. 
June 13, '65. 



Pro. Corp. must, out Ju. 29, 
Discharged Jan. 21, '62. 
Must, out Jan. 22, '64, re-en. 
As't. Surg. Com. Aug. 11, '62, pro, 

sur. cav. Mar. 6, '65 ;must. out 

Aug. 9, '65. 
Died, Jan. 29, '63. 

Missing in action. May 5, '64. 



Aug. 5, '63. Pro. Corp. Nov. 12, '62. 



44 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



Names. Reg. Co. Mustered in. 

Mason B. Carpenter, 13 I Oct. 4, '62. 
Orvis Carpenter, " '• " 

David G. Carr, " " " 

Albert F. Dodge, 10 B Sept. i, '62. 



Leroy Dodge, 
Lewis H. Dodge, 
Luther C. Dodge, 
Nelson E. Dodge, 

Wesley Dodge, 

Jason Drury, 

Andrew J. Dudley, 
Willis P. Durkee, 
Chas. Davis, 
Alfred Deuquet, 
Henry M. Dudley, 

John M. Durant, 
Moses Duso, 
William H. Duval, 
Henry A. Dow, 
Alson Downing, 
Chas, F-Durrill, 
Edward P. Evans, 
Ira H. Evans, 

Perley Farrar, 
Joseph W. Fisher, 
Erastus D. French, 
Orlando French, 
Alfred B. Fisher, 
Albert French, 
Henry W. French, 
Charles G. French, 
Alson French, 
Henry P. Gale, 
Geo. W. Goodrich, 
John Gabbaree, 
Albert Gobar, 
Fred. M. Gale, 

Ira L. Gale, 
Israel Gilmot, 
John A. Goldsbury, 
Nathan Harrington, 
Chas. E. L. Hills, 
Eli Holden, 



2 D Sept. 15. '61. 

" " Apr. 12, '62. 

" 'i Apr. 12, '62. 

C C Nov. 19, '61. 

8 E Feb. 18, '62. 

2 D Sept. 15, '61. 

4 B Sept. 20, '61. 

8 I Dec. 15, '63. 

17 H May 10, '64. 

" " May 10, '64. 

1 1 E Dec. It, '63. 
II E 

13 I Oct. 4, '62. 

10 B Sept. I, '62. 



Discharged. Remarks. 

July 21, '63. Pro. Sergt. Jan. 15, '63. 



Mar. 21, '64. Re-en. Apr. 5, '64 ; serv. as Capt. in 

greg. U. S.; Col. Inft.; Must. 

out Dec. 5, '65. 
Died Oct. 28, '64. 
Died Sept. i, '62. 
Died June 12, '62. 
Pro. Corp. & to Sergt.; died in An- 

dersonville pris. 
Pro. Corp.; miss'd in a'ct. June 23, 

'64 ; died in Rebel prison. 
Died Sept. 25, '63, of w'nds rec'd in 

action. 
Discharged Jan. 2, '63. 
Discharged Apr. 23, '63. 



D 
E 
C 
A 
E 
F 
iSD 
15 E 

ID B 



Feb, 

Nov, 
Dec. 
May 
Dec. 
Sept. 
May 
Sept. 
2 D June 



17 H 
17 H 
13 I 



May 
May 
Dec. 



18, '62. 
10, '61. 

15. '63- 
26, '64. 

15. '63- 
15, '62. 
12, '64. 
I, '62. 
20, '61. 

14, '64. 
19, '64. 

15. '63- 



2 D Sept. 20, '61. 
8 E Feb. 18, '62. 
C C Nov. 19, '61. 



Jan. 28, '65. 
July 14, '65. 



June 23, '65. 
May 23, '65. 
July 21, '63. 



Oct. 31, '62. 
Jan. 29, '65. 
May 13, '65. 
Jan. 29, '65. 
Aug. 5, '63. 
May 13, '65. 

June 29, '64. 



Jan. 29, '65 



Sept. 20, '64. 



Chos. Corp.; died July 31, '64, of 
w'nds. rec'd. act'n. Jun. 24 '64. 
Died of wounds, July 31, '64. 



Calvin Holt, 10 B Sept. i, '62. June 22, '65. 

HezekiahD. Howland,i7 E May 3, '64. 

Orwell J. Hosford, 9 F Aug. 19, '64. June 13, '65. 

Bradley D. Hall, 15 D Oct. 22, '62, Aug. 5, '63. 

Geo. F. Harroun, 13 I Oct. 4, '62. July 21, '63. 

William Henderson, 15 D Oct. 22, '62. Aug. 5, '63. 

William W. Holden, 13 I Oct. 4, '62. July 21, '63. 

Chas. H. Howard, " " " " 

Robert Humphrey, " " " " 



Re-enlisted Dec. 21, '63. 
Drafted ; paid commutation. 

Trans, to V. R. C. Nov. 25, '64. 
Disch'd. Dec. 22, '63, by order of 

War Department. 
Killed in action May 19, '64. 

Died Nov. 10, '62. 

Served in Band. 

Served in Band. 
Served as Captain. 

Died, Barre. Mar. 23, '64. Disch'd. 

Died July 3, of w'ds reed, in action. 
Deserted May 27, 1864. 
Served in Band. Re-en. Dec. 15, 
'63. Disch'd Jan. 29, '66. 
Drafted. Paid commutation. 

Procured substitute. 

Died July 3, 1863. 

Only one from Barre ist Vt. Reg. 3 
mos. men, re-en. Co. C Vt. Cav. 
mus. 1st Serg. Nov. 19, '61, 
l^ro. 2d and ist Lt, tak. pris. 
in action, Sept. 25, '63, in Lib- 
bey, Danville, Macon, Colum- 
bia, escaped Col. prison, reta- 
ken after a week, mus. out, pa- 
roled pris. March 15, '65. 

Died at Salisbury, N. C. 

Must, out at Cold River. Re-en- 
listed in nth Reg. 

Re-en. Sept. 5, '64, ist Vt. Cav. 
Killed Nov. 12, '64, in Shen, 

Served as Corporal. 



BARRE. 



45 



Names, 
Nelson E. Heath, 
Henry C. Jones, 
Albert Jones, 
Ezra N. Jones, 
Alexander Jangraw, 
Nelson Johnson, 
Clinton Keith, 
Henry Ketchum, 
William Kirkland, 
Alonzo G. Lane, 
Samuel Leger, 
Napoleon Lafrenier, 
Stephen Leazer, 
Heman Lamphier, 
Marshal B. Lawrence, 
Geo. W. Lawson, 
John McLaughlin, 
Horace C. Meaker, 
Francis Miner, 
William E. Martin, 

Wm. W. McAlister, 
Daniel Moses, 
Erastus W. Nichols, 
Azro E. Nichols, 
George W. Nichols, 
William Olds, 
Charles H. Page, 
Alfred S. Parkhurst, 
\l. N. Parkhurst, 
Eugene C. Peck, 
George W. Perrin, 
George W. Phelps, 
J. Parker Page, 
George B. Putnam, 
Charles Parkhurst, 



Reg. Co. Musiered in. Discharged. 



2 D June 20, '61. 
17 E "Mar. 3, '64. 
17 H May 19, '64. 

3 Aug. 19, '64. 
13 I Oct. 4, '62. 
II E Dec. II, '63. 

13 H Oct. 10, '62. 

6 G Apr. 12, '62. 

2 D Jan. 20, '61. 
17 H May 10, '64. 

3 Aug. 18, '64. 
15 D Oct. 22, '62. 
13 I Oct. 4, '62. 

C C Nov. 19, '61. 

6 D Apr. 12, '62. 

3 K July 16, '61. 

17 E Apr. 9, '64. 



July 14, '65. 

June 15, '65. 
July 21, '73. 
Jan. 24, '65. 
Jan. 2, '65. 
July 21, "63. 
Nov. 24, '62. 

July 14, '65. 
June 15, '65 

July 21, '73. 

Nov. 18, '64. 
May 28, '64. 
Feb. I, '64. 



Remarks. 
Drafted ; paid commutation. 
Pro. Sergt.; must, out June 2, '64. 

In batterv. 



Aug. 9, '64. June 15, '65. 



C C 

13 H 
8 D 
3 F 
10 B 
10 B 
3 K 
8 E 
1 
G 



9 
8 

8 G 

9 G 



Nov. 19, '61. 
Aug. 24, '64. 

23, '62. 

15, '64. 

16, '61. 
I, '62. 
I, '62. 

16, '61. 

18, '62. 

9, '62. 
Dec. 15, '63. 
Dec. 15, '63. 
Aug. 15, '64. 



Oct. 
Jan. 

July 

Sept. 
Sept. 

July 

Feb. 
July 



Lyman D. Parkhurst, 9 F Aug. 23, '64. 
Leander Perry, 13 I Aug. 4, '62. 

Charles H. Perry, 13 I Oct, 21, '62. 



Heman G. Perry, 15 D Oct. 22, '62. 

Chas. A. Richardson, 2 D Sept. 20, '61. 



Lafayette G. Ripley, 10 B Sept. i, '62. 



John H. Rublee, 
Hiram Robinson, 
George S. Robinson, 
Joseph Rose, 

Albert Rogers, 
W. F. Richardson, 
William H. Riddall, 
Albert Rogers, 
Seth T. Sargent, 
George W. Savory, 
Prentiss S. Scribner, 
Albert Smith, 
William Smith, 
Calvin Stowe, 
Rufus Streeter, 
Lemuel D. Strong, 



10 B 

II 

17 E Apr. 12, '64. 

17 H May 19, '64. 

9 G Aug. 6, '64. 

15 D Oct. 22, '62. 

13 I Oct. 10, '62. 

15 D Oct. 22, '62. 

10 B Sept. I, 62. 

C C Nov. 19, '61. 

10 B Sept. I, '62. 

2 D June 20, '61. 

8 I Feb. 18, '62. 
C C 

10 B Sept. 22, '62. 

2 D June 20, '61. 



June 15, '65. 
•July 21, '64. 



Jan. 22, '64. 



Jan. 22, '64. 
June 13, '65. 
July 7, '65. 



Discharged Mar. 7, '62. 
Served as musician. 
In battery. 
Discharged Nov. 27, '62. 

Procured substitute. 



1st Lieut. ; killed near Petersburgh, 

July 30, '64. 
In battery. 

Drafted ; paid commutation. 
Died Mar. 31, 1S63. 
Battery. 



Discharged Feb. 28, '63. 

Mustered out May 13, '65. 
Discharged Jan. 23, '62. 



July 21, '63 
July 21, '63. 

Aug. 5, '63. 



May 13, '65. 
Aug. 5, '63. 
July 21, '63. 
Aug. 5, '63. 

Nov. 18, '64. 
June 22, '65. 



Jan. 28, 65. 



Served In Band. 

Died Nov. 27, '64. Served in Band. 

Trans, to Co. G., 4th Vt. Vol. Jan. 

20, '65. 
Trans, to Co. G., 5th Vt. January 

20, '65. 
Re-enlist, in Co. F. 9 Reg. must, in 

Jan. 6, 64 ; report, absent and 

s'k when must, out June 13, '63. 
Enlist, in Co. F. 9 Reg. Jan. 6. '64 ; 

made corp. June 29, '64 ; serg. 

March 17, '65 ; i serg. June 9, 

'65, trans, to Co. B. June 13, '65. 

Re-enlist. Jan. 3, '64 ; trans, to V. 

R. C, Apr. 26, '65 ; must, out 

July 20, '64. 
Trans, to V. R. C, Feb. 21, '65 ; 

must, out July 8, '65. 
Must, out June 22, '65. 

Elect, capt. ; must, out July 14, '64. 
Killed near Petersburgh, Va., July 
27, '64. 



Mustered out June 22, '65. 



Must, in corp ; disch'd Nov. i, '62. 
Disch'd for sickness ; re-enlisted. 



Must, in corp. pro. sergt. must, out 
June 29, '64. 



46 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



Names. 
Hiram Smith, Jr., 

Lewis Sterling, 
Lathan T. Seaver, 
Charles D. Slack. 
Chas. W. Stoddard, 
William D. Sanborn, 
Charles E. Smith, 
George D. Taft, 
Joseph B. Thompson, 
Ozias H. Thompson, 

Eldon A. Tilden, 

Oel M. Town, 
Ira H. Tompkins, 
John M. Thatcher, 
Jude Town, 
Samuel C. Vorse, 



Reg. Co. Mustered in. Discharged. 

II E Dec. II, '63. 

II E Dec. II, '63, Jan. 16, 65. 

C C Aug. 23, '64. Jan 21, '65. 

8 G Aug. 15, '64, 

3 Aug. 19, '64. 

15 D Oct. 22, '62. 



Aug. 5. '63 



3 K July 16, '61. 

9 I July 9, '62. June 13, '65. 

3 K July 16, '61. July 11, '65. 

2 D Sept. 20, '61. 

10 B Sept. I, '62. June 22, '65. 

11 E Dec. II, '65. 

13 I Oct. 10, '62. July 21, '63. 

C C Nov. 19, '61. 



Nelson W. Wheelock, 10 B Sept. i, '62. 



Preston B. Willey, 
Henrv Wires, 
Albert P. Wood, 
Warren F. Wood, 
Wm. W. Woodbury, 

Chas. H. Willey, 
Harvey Wille)', 
Chas. C. Varney, 
Geo. E. Varney, 
Stephen G. West, 
Horace Woodard, 
James Powers, 
Thomas Henthon, 
James Hooper, 
Chas. E. Woodward, 



2 D 
C F 

13 I 
II E 



June 20, '61. June 29, '64. 

Dec. 15, '63. Jan. 28, '65. 
Dec. II, '65. Jan. 29, '65. 



G Jan. 2, '64. 
G Aug. 15, '64. 
D Oct"4, 62. 



June 
July : 



13. '65- 
o. '63- 



8 G Feb. 20, '65. 

8 C Jan. 6, 65. 

9 H Jan. 5, '65. 
10 3 Feb. 7, 65. 



June 28, '65. 



Remarks. 
Lost an arm and leg ; disch'd Sept. 
14, '65. 



Died March 15, '65. 
Battery. Died Jan. 16, '65. 

Drafted ; paid commutation. 
Killed in action May 5, 64. 
Made corp. July 15, '64. 
1st Serg. re-enlist. Dec. i, '63 ; pro. 

2d and 1st Lieut. Aug. 4, '64. 
Pro. 2d Lieut. Nov. 20, '63 ; must. 

out Jan. 29, '64. 

Killed at Cedar Creek, Oct. 19, '64. 
Served as Captain. 
Drafted ; paid commutation. 
Re-enlisted Dec. 28, '63 ; Pro. Co. 

Q. M. Sergt. 
Died December 3, '63. 



Re-enlisted must, out Oct. 10, '62. 

Wounded ; trans, to Vet. Res. C. 

'65 ; must out Aug i, '65. 
Died Apr. i, '65. 

Served as Sergeant. 

Died May 17, '63. 
Drafted ; paid comt. 



Absent sick when reg. was mus- 
tered out. 



Ale.x. F. E. Ahlsstrom, U. S. Navy ; Lemuel Bean, George Dailey, Harry Johnson, John 
Peterson, Samuel Thurber, were hired of brokers, entered the navy, and no record of their ser- 
vice is attainable. Leonard Bancroft, Levi J. Bolster, Geo. I. Reynolds, drafted ; paid com- 
mutation. 

In addition to the names given above the following who served in the war were not reck- 
oned in the quota of the town: Leonard F. Aldrich, Quartermaster 13 Vt.; Orvis F. Jack- 
man, Co. A, 7 Ohio, lost his right arm at Chancellorsville, was discharged, and afterwards 
served in Quartermaster department under Gen. Pitkin. 

Buried in Barre Cemetery. — Stephen G. Albee, James T. Bacon, Albert Bates, Peter 
N. Bates, Dan. Barker, Rufus Carver, Henry L. Clark, Orrin B. Dickey, Orlan French, H. 
Warner French, Henry Gale, M. B. Lawrence, James J. Nolan, E. W. Nichols, William Olds, 
Rufus Streeter, Stephen G. West, Wm. Woodbury, George D. Taft, Wilber Tilden. 

Buried in Wilson Cemetery. — Horace Bigelow, Wesley Dodge, Zary Dodge, Heman 
Levy. 

Buried in Farwell Cemetery. — L. Richards, Newell Carlton, C. H. Howard, James 
L. Dow. 

William Howland enlisted for the town of East Montpelier into the 17th Reg., was killed in 
Battle of the Wilderness ; was a brother of Hezekiah D., who died in Salisbury Prison, and 
the son of Ezekial Howland of this place. Charles Carpenter enlisted ioT Montpelier, into 
Co. C. of the Cavalry. 



BARRE. 



47 



JUDGE CHAPIN KEITH AND FAMILY. 

BY S. WOOD. 

Judge Keith was a man noted for energy 
and perseverance, and whatever enterprise 
he undertook was generally a success. He 
came from his native town, Uxbridge, 
Mass., with his young family, the young- 
est being only three months old, Septem- 
ber, 1801, and settled in Barre. He was 
born May 17, 1771, and was married to 
Elisabeth Taft, June 24, 1790. She was 
born May 13, 1769. They had four chil- 
dren, all boys. 

Hon. Chapin Keith was Judge of the 
probate court for several years, and after- 
wards high sherift" for many more years. 
He also held many town offices, and was 
much interested in the Chelsea turnpike, 
on which his tavern was located. 

When he first arrived from Uxbridge 
with his young family, he was duly warn- 
ed out of town, lest he should become a 
charge on the good people of Barre. It 
was a custom of the time, if any came that 
it was doubtful about. But he never fail- 
ed to take care of himself and his. His 
wife was also truly a helpmeet, and did 
her full share in getting a living ; as land- 
lady she excelled. 

Judge Keith, although a good judge of 
property matters, and an active business 
man, could never speak in public except 
with great diffidence. While sheriff it be- 
came his duty to proclaim who was gov- 
ernor, and after the votes had been count- 
ed, he finished by saying, " God save the 
King,'''' when he meant to have said " the 
People." He used to relate that it cost 
him several gallons of wine to mend that 
mistake. He was very successful, as else- 
where said, in his tavern-keeping. 

HON. ROSWELL KEITH, 

oldest son of Judge Chapin, and the late 
Judge Keith of Montpelier, where he died 
Oct. 25, 1874; was born in Uxbridge, Ms., 
Nov. 28, 1790, and was at his death in 
his 84th year. [For a more full descrip- 
tion see History of Montpelier.] 

CALVIN JAY KEITH. 

FrojH T/iompsoti's History of Montpelier. 
A son of the Hon. Chapin Keith, late of 



Barre, was born in Uxbridge, Mass., Apr. 
9, 1800, and before he was a year old came 
with his father's family to Barre, Vermont. 
At the age of sixteen, having shown him- 
self a good and industrious scholar in the 
English branches taught in the common 
school of his home village, he commenced 
fitting for college at Randolph Academy, 
in the spring of 18 16. In 1818 he entered 
Un. College, at Schenectady, N. Y., andin 
1822, was graduated with a good reputation 
for scholarship and moral character. He 
then, for a year or two, taught in the State 
of Virginia as private tutor in the family 
of a wealthy planter ; when he returned 
to the North, and commenced the study 
of the law in the office of the Hon. Will- 
iam Upham in Montpelier. Having com- 
pleted the usual course of legal studies, he 
was admitted to the bar in 1826, and com- 
menced practice in this village, at first 
alone, and afterwards, for three or four 
years succeeding 1830, in company with 
Mr. Upham. In about 1837, a brother of 
C. W. Storrs of Montpelier died in St. 
Louis, Missouri, leaving considerable 
property, and Mr. Keith was employed by 
the relatives of the deceased to go to St. 
Louis and gather up and settle the estate. 
After executing this commission to the 
advantage of all concerned, he returned to 
Montpelier, not however to resume his 
profession, but to accept the office of 
Treasurer in the Vermont Mutual Fire In- 
surance Company, which was tendered 
him by the Directors. But after accepta- 
bly executing the duties of this office a 
year or two, he resigned the post to accept 
another commission to settle an estate of 
a deceased Vermonter in the South, one 
of the brothers Elkins, from Peacham, Vt., 
who had been in business as cotton brok- 
ers in the city of New Orleans. The es- 
tate was found to be large, and its affairs 
so complicated as. to require the labor and 
attention of years to bring to a close. For 
the next ten or twelve years, therefore, 
Mr. Keith took up his residence in New 
Orleans, and remained there through all 
but the hot and sickly months of the year, 
which he spent mostly in Montpelier, hav- 
ing generally brought with him, at each 



48 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE 



annual return, such sums of money as he 
had been able to collect out of the difter- 
ent investments of the estate, for division 
among the Elkins heirs. After pursuing 
this course some ten years, assiduously 
engaged in the difficult, and, in many re- 
spects, dangerous position, he succeeded 
in bringing the affairs of the estate mainly 
to a close, except in the case t)f the large 
quantity of Mexican scrip which was left 
on hand, and which was considered only 
of chance value. He agreed on a division 
of this uncertain property between the 
heirs and himself, the consideration of- 
fered to them being his promise to make 
no charge for any future services. In a 
year or two after this bargain the general 
government decided to redeem this Mex- 
ican scrip ; and Mr. Keith, being fortunate 
enough by means of arguments made po- 
tent by some of the existing cabinet, to 
get his claims rather promptly allowed, 
realized for his share of the venture the 
snug sum of $35,000, which, with his pre- 
vious accumulations, made him a man of 
fortune. 

The year 1852 was mostly occupied in 
making the tour of Europe, and, having 
returned to Montpelier the following year, 
he was seized with what was supposed to 
be a brain fever, which terminated fatally 
Sept. 23, 1853. He was in some respects 
rather a peculiar man — in nothing more 
so, perhaps, than in his likes and dislikes, 
and these again were generally as pecul- 
iarly manifested. The former might al- 
ways be known by his open commendation, 
and the latter by his entire silence when 
the names of the objects were respectively 
mentioned. This seemed to grow out of 
his constitutional sensitiveness, which was 
often affected by what would have affected 
few others, which he could not help, but 
which his natural conscientiousness en- 
abled him so to correct as never to make 
the matter worse by detraction. He was 
most constant and' faithful to those who 
had his esteem ; while to those who had 
not, he manifested only a negative con- 
duct. But with his few peculiarities, 
Mr. Keith had many virtues. He was, in 
all his deal, one of the most strictly honest 



men in the world. His views of life, so- 
ciety and its wants, were just and elevated, 
and he was patriotic and liberal in con- 
tributing to the advancement of all good 
public objects. His character, indeed, 
was well reflected by his singular will, to 
which we alluded in a description of our 
new cemetery. By this will he notices a 
whole score of such as have gained his es- 
teem, by bequests of valuable keepsakes or 
small sums of money, and then goes on to 
bequeath handsome sums for various pub- 
lic objects, among which was $1000 for a 
cemetery for Montpelier village, and $500 
for a library for its academy. .And thus 
he has identified his name with the public 
interests of the town where he longest re- 
sided, and should thus be remembered 
among its benefactors. 

Calvin Jay Keith was buried in the fam- 
ily lot of Judge Chapin Keith, in Barre, 
but a monument was set up at Montpelier 
by his administrator. 

Cheney Keith, the fourth son of Cha- 
pin Keith, was born Jan. 1798. He mar- 
ried Judith Wood, who is still living and 
active, July '8 1 , though but a few days of 80 
years old. Cheney was a well-to-do and 
industrious man, well educated, and also a 
leading and influential man in town bus- 
iness. He died Aug. 8, 1864, in his 67th 
year. 

Erasmus Keith, brother of Roswell, 
was born July 23, 1792; died Feb. 12, 
1813, being about 21 years of age. 

Leonard Keith, the third son of Judge 
Chapin, was born July 15, 1795. He be- 
came one of the leading men of the town. 
He married for his first wife Nancy Choate, 
by whom he had several children. She 
dying, he married for his second wife Su- 
san Cook, who is still living July '8 1 . Leon- 
ard Keith built the first starch factory 
in town, where many thousand bushels of 
potatoes were manufactvired into starch, 
yielding a large income to the manufac- 
terer, and a ready potato maiket to all the 
farmers around. He died Jan. 21, 1868, 
in his 64th year. 

JOSHUA TWING. 
From Obituary in Watchman 6^ Journal. 
Born in Wilbraham, Mass. ; for 40 years 



BARRE. 



49 



a citizen of Barre ; in mill-building long 
stood without a known rival. His ma- 
chine-shop and mill-wrighting establish- 
ment at Barre village had a reputation ex- 
tending far beyond the town and county 
even. It is the boast of scores of mechan- 
ics that they learned their trade of Joshua 
Twing. It was a custom with him to en- 
courage poor young men to learn a trade, 
and then, with a good character and dili- 
gent hand, work their way up to distinc- 
tion. He first learned his trade as an ap- 
prentice to a machinist, after which he 
was emphatically self-made ; and the mo- 
ment success began to crown his labors 
lor himself, he turned to his straitened 
parents and provided for them. In this 
respect his example was like that of Joseph 
to his father, Jacob ; and the same cup of 
kindness came back to cheer his declining 
years, from the hands of his children. 
Strictly honest in all his extensive dealings, 
and generous to a fault, the memory of 
him embalmed with the blessings of the 
poor, he still left an ample estate, the re- 
sult of a long life of industry and personal 
prudence. He died in Montpelier, at the 
residence of his son-in-law, H. S. Loomis, 
in his 82d year, and labored with his own 
hands up to the last week of his life. He 
was buried in Barre Cemetery, where a 
fine granite monument has been erected to 
his memory. 

SILAS KETCHUM. 

From the Eulogy delivered before the Ne"v 

Hampshire Antiquarian Society, 

Jidy 20, iSSo. 

BY L. W. COGSWELL, PKESIDENT. 

On the evening of the 19th of Nov. 1859, 
three young men met in a room over one 
of the stores in Hopkinton village, and 
formed themselves into an organization 
under the name of "The Philomathic 
Club." These young men were Silas 
Ketchum, Darwin C. Blanchard and Geo. 
E. Crowell. The number of this club was 
limited to seven. It was made a part of 
the compact "the Club should never cease 
except by unanimous consent, and so long 
as two of its members lived." The orig- 
inal design was social intercourse and lit- 
erary culture. 



A private collection of relics, minerals 
and natural curiosities, belonging to Mr. 
Ketchum, was in May, i860, placed in a 
room in Mr. CrowelPs house, fitted for the 
purpose, and dedicated by the Club Oct. 
13, following, in which room the Club 
met till Oct. 6, 1868. Jan. 10, '68, the 
first contribution was made to the old cab- 
inet. It was for a time located in Hen- 
niker ; May 8, '72, was removed to Con- 
toocook. From this beginning has come 
the immense number of articles now in 
the possession of this Society, numbering 
more than 35,000. 

Silas Ketchum was chosen Secretary of 
the Club, Aug. 20, 1867, which office he 
held until the adoption of the constitution 
of the New Hampshire Philomathic and 
Antiquarian Society, Nov, 19, 1873. 

Silas Ketchum, son of Silas and 
Cynthia (Doty) Ketchum, was born in 
Barre, Vt., Dec. 4, 1835, His grand- 
father was Roger West Ketchum, born in 
Athol, Mass., 1770; his grand-mother was 
Wealthy Newcomb, daughter of Bradford 
Newcomb, and grand-daughter of Silas 
Newcomb, whose mother was Jerusha 
Bradford, daughter of Thomas Bradford, 
and great-grand-daughter of Major Wm. 
Bradford, son of William Bradford, who 
came to Plymouth in the May Flower, and 
was Governor of the colony 36 years. Mr. 
Ketchum was also descended from Ed- 
ward Doty, one of the 41 men who in the 
cabin of the May Flower affixed their names 
to ^h^ first constitidioft of governnioit ever 
subscribed to by a whole people. 

He was a good boy, thoughtful beyond 
his years, but feeble in his childhood, un- 
able to ever complete a full term of school 
till after twelve ; fond of fishing in his 
youth, but as he grew old, turned his 
leisure moments to books. In 1854, his 
father removed from Barre, Vt., to Hop- 
kinton, N. H., and Silas learned and fol- 
lowed the trade of a shoemaker till 1855. 
But while steadily working at his trade, a 
more and more increasing desire for a 
knowledge that could take him upward out 
of his every-day duties pervaded him, and 
on his father's death, relying upon his own 
abilities, he resolved to obtain an educa- 



50 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



tion. He attended Hopkinton Academy 
several terms, teaching after his second 
term in the Academy, in Nelson and in 
Amherst ; fitted for college ; did not enter 
on account of severe illness ; pursued his 
studies under private instructors, and 
drawn toward the ministry, entered Bangor 
Theo. Sem. in i860; Apr. 4, i860; mar- 
ried Georgia C, daughter of Elbridge 
Hardy, Esq., of Amherst, N. H., a lady 
of culture and devoted companion to him 
until his death. While at Bangor he sup- 
ported himself and wife by working at his 
trade ; pursued a full course of study, never 
missing but one lecture or recitation ; grad- 
uating in 1863. From Dec. ''63, he preach- 
ed to the Congregational church in Wards- 
boro, Vt., nearly 2 years ; moved to Brat- 
tleboro, to become associate editor with 
D. L. MilIiken,of " Tlie Vermont Record" 
and Vermont School Journal. Sept. 17, 
1867, ordained pastor of the Congrega- 
tional church at Bristol, N. H. ; resigned 
in 1855, on account of ill-health ; officiated 
in a small church in Maplewood, Mass., 
till Oct. 1876; occupied the pulpit of the 
Congregational church at Henniker sev- 
eral months, where he received a unani- 
mous and earnest call to become its pastor ; 
declined to accept one at Poquonock, Ct., 
July 16, 1877, which church he was pastor 
of at his death. 

During the whole time as student and 
preacher, he was a diligent collector of any 
and every thing of a rare and curious na- 
ture. He presented to the New Hamp- 
shire Historical Society 512 volumes; to 
the New Hampshire Antiquarian Society 
1200 volumes and 3000 pamphlets ; and to 
the American Congregational Association 
of Boston, 352 volumes. His private li- 
brary, at the time of his death, consisted 
of 2500 volumes, comprising many works 
of rare merit. Of all these societies he was 
a member, and also of several others : The 
New England Historic and Genealogical 
Society of Boston, the Historical Society 
of New York, the Prince Society of Boston, 
and the Society of Antiquity of Worcester, 
Mass., and others. He was Grand Chap- 
lain of the Grand Lodge of F. and A. 
Masons of New Hampshire from 187 1 to 



1875, and was many years an honorary 
member of the Orphans' Home A.ssociation. 
He was Corresponding Secretary of the 
New Hampshire Antiquarian Society from 
1873 to 1875; President in 1876, "t] , '78, 
and was for many years connected with 
the press as correspondent, essayist and 
reviewer, and had at one time a tempting 
offer to enter the employ of Harper Broth- 
ers, of New York, which he declined, pre- 
ferring to continue his work as a minister 
of the gospel. 

His first public address was delivered 
before the Lyceum at Warner, N. H., in 
the autumn of 1858 ; his subject was " Philip 
at Mount Hope." His published works 
are, A Farewell Discourse, Wardsboro, 
Vt., in 1865. History of the Philomathic 
Club, in 1875. Eulogy on Henry Wilson, 
at Maiden, Mass., in 1876. Diary of the 
Invasion of Canada by the American Army 
in 1775. Special Geography of New 
Hampshire in 1877. Paul on Mars Hill, 
in 1879. Historic Masonry. Original 
Sources of Historic Knowledge, in 1879. 
Address at the Annual Meeting of the New 
Hampshire Antiquarian Society, July 15, 
1879. At the time of his death, he had in 
course of preparation histories of the 
Ketchum and Doty families, and for some 
time had been at work upon an elaborate 
Dictionary of New Hampshire Biography, 
that he intended should be the crowning 
work of his life, and upon which he be- 
stowed most marvelous labor and. care. 
Over 1000 sketches were completed, and 
material for 1500 more was well in hand. 
Worn down with such incessant toil, and 
being desirous of once more reaching the 
town which had so long been his home, 
he left the scene of his labors, reached the 
home of an intimate friend at Dorchester 
Highlands, Mass., where he passed peace- 
fully away upon Saturday morning, April 
24, 1880. One of the most quiet, un- 
assuming, unselfish of beings, and one of 
the most industrious, rarest and best of 
men. In his youth, in his whole life, he 
was genial, gentlemanly ; had great vigor 
of mind, fertility of resource, and a most 
complete thoroughness of execution in all 
he did ; he excelled as a teacher, and as a 



BARRE. 



51 



preacher in the pulpit, meeting his congre- 
gation with something fresh and original. 
He was pleasing. His short, sharp, crisp 
sentences arrested his auditors ; they could 
but listen till the last word was spoken. 
Earnest in his utterances, dehberate in ar- 
gument, concise in his statements, with 
purity of diction and loftiness of thought, 
he commanded the interest of his congrega- 
tion, and where he preached for any length 
of time it was soon doubled and trebled. 
Of him as an antiquarian and historian, 
his collections in the rooms of this society, 
one of the very largest of its kind in this 
country, speaks better 'words of commend- 
ation for him than I can utter, and stands 
as a more enduring monument than words 
can erect in honor of him. 

Of his domestic relations suffice it to 
say, notwithstanding the immense amount 
of labor performed by him, his home, his 
family, was never forgotten, within that 
sacred, happy circle he was the central 
light. But he is gone from us, and is now 
transfigured and with the immortals. He 
was taken in the prime of life, with so 
much accomplished and so much left un- 
done. 

(From tlie resohitious passed at this meeting of 
the N. H Antiq. & Hist Society ) 

"We here formally declare, and cause to 
be recorded for posterity to learn, that 
to the Rev. Silas Ketchum's thought, per- 
sonal labors, generous munificence, and 
untiring zeal, this New Hampshire Anti- 
quarian Society is indebted more than to 
any others, not only for its existence, but 
for its present proportions and prosperity." 

" We recognize that New Hampshire as 
a state has lost one of her richest schol- 
ars, most logical thinkers, and most accu- 
rate historians, and society a most exem- 
plary Christian man, whose daily walk was 
an inspiration to holy living. " 

STAFFORD & HOLDEN MANUFACTURING CO. 

From a very interesting description in 
the Argus and Patriot, of Nov. 13, 1877, 
with present statement of the Company, 
June, 1881. 

" The foremost industry in Barre to-day 
( 1 877) is the manufacture of forks and ice 
tools. In 1861, two Brookfield men, Her- 
rick and Adams, established themselves at 
the mill-privilege in the upper part of Barre 



village ; run four fires and one trip-ham- 
mer, and turned out from 300 to 600 dozen 
per year of round-tined hay and manure- 
forks. Frank Safford and Loren D. Blanch- 
ard bought the business in 1864, and 
Blanchard sold out to Clark H olden. The 
first year's business of this new firm was 
1500 dozen forks. In '68 they added the 
manufacture of ice-plows and tools. From 
'68 to 'jy, sold some years 250 to 300 ice- 
plows with the ice-tools : Among other 
partners and stockholders to the present, 
have been Luke and Ira Trow, Hial O. 
Hatch (foreman,) L. T. Kinney ; in March 
'76, the reorganization as a stock com- 
pany ; Stafford and Holden half owners ; 
of the other half ten other citizens of 
Barre owners; loss of some $12,000 by 
Chicago fire ; totally destroyed by fire 
March, 'jj ; rebuilt same year ; foundation 
and flume split granite ; f5rge-room 40 by 
100 feet; 20 fires; 5 60-pound trip ham- 
mers and ice-tool machinery ; cost about 
$6,000. The company use cast-steel in all 
their manufactures, made especially for 
them. There are 6 polishing machines for 
forks, one for ferrule and one for wooden 
handles; amount of work about 15,000 
dozen per year of not less than 60 different 
patterns ; employ about 50 workmen. Ire- 
land and Scotland take most of the forks. 
They go to Germany and South America. 
Ice-tools to Germany and Japan." 

Statement of the Company, ]\xvi^, 1881 : 
" 17,000 dozen forks made in 1880; this 
year about the same ; about $3,000 worth 
of new machinery put in ; is now one of 
the most perfectly equipped shops in the 
country; directors : Josiah Wood, B. W. 
Braley, Dexter Trow, E. B. Wood, Hor- 
ace Fifield ; Clark Holden, superintendent 
and treasurer ; Nat. Whittier, assistant. 

LIST OF PREACHERS 

, OF THE 

METHODIST EPISCOPAL CHURCH OF UARRE. 

1796, Nicholas Snethen ; 1797, Ralph 
Williston ; 1798 and '99, Joseph Crawford; 
1799, Elijah Chichester; 1800, Timothy 
Dewey ; 1801 , Truman Bishop and Thomas 
Branch ; 1802, Solomon Langdon and Paul 
Dustin ; 1803, Samuel Draper and Oliver 
Beale; 1804, Oliver Beale ; 1805, Elijah 
Hedding and Daniel Young; 1806, Philip 
Munger and Jonathan Cheney ; 1807, Sam- 
uel Thompson and Eleazer Wells ; 180S, 
Solomon Sias ; 1809, Warren Banister and 
George Gary; 1810, Eleazer Wells and 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



Squire Streeter; 1811, Nathaniel W. 
Stearns and John Jewett; 1812, Ebenezer 
F. Newell and Joseph Dennett; 1813, 
David Kilburn ; 1814, David Kilburn and 
Jason Walker; 181 5, Joel Steele; 1816, 
Joel Steele and Thomas C. Pierce ; 1817 
and '18, Leonard Frost; 1819, Thomas C. 
Pierce; 1820, Squire B. Haskell and E. 
Dunham ; 1821, John F. Adams and Abra- 
ham Holway ; 1822, John F. Adams^ D. 
Leslie and Z. Adams ; 1823, Samuel Norris 
and Hascall Wheelock; 1824, D. Kilburn, 
H. Wheelock and A. H. Houghton; 1825, 
J. Lord, D. Leslie and Elihu Scott; 1826, 

A. D. Merrill and J. Templeton ; 1827, J. 

B. White, E. Jordan and R. L. Harvey ; 
1828, Amasa Buck and D. Stickney ; 1829, 
J. Templeton and J. Nayson ; 1830, J. A. 
Scarritt and R. H. Deraing; 1831, N. W. 
Scott and R. H. Deming; 1832, N. W. 
Scott and George F. Crosby; 1833, S. H. 
Cutler and J. Nayson ; 1834, N. Howe and 
Otis F. Curtis; 1835, Geo. Putnam and I. 
Wooster; 1836, Elihu Scott and D. Wil- 
cox; 1837, E. J. Scott and Moses Lewis; 
1838, N. W. Aspinwall; 1839, N. Culver; 
1840 and '41, J. Currier; 1842 and '43, J. 
L. Slauson; 1844 and '45, A. Webster; 
1846, J. W. Perkins: 1847 and '48, B. Bed- 
ford ; 1849 and '50, C. Fales ; 185 1 and '52, 
J. S. Dow; 1853, E. Copeland; 1854, E. 
Robinson; 1855, E. Copeland; 1S56 and 
'57, Isaac McAnn ; 1858, A. T. Bullard ; 
1859 and '60, J. L.Roberts; 1861 and '62, 
David Packer ; 1863 and '64, H. K. Cobb ; 
1865, J. W. Bemis; 1866 and '67, Lewis 
Hill; 1868, Joshua Gill; 1869, Joseph A. 
Sherburn ; 1870, '71 and '72, Peter Mer- 
rill; 1873, J. M. PulTer, (deceased while 
pastor) ; 1874, Walter Underwood; 1875, 
■76 and ""JT, W. H. Wight; 1878, '79 and 
'80, Harvey Webster ; 1881, J. R. Bartlett. 

The above list of preachers received 
since in press from Rev. Mr. Bartlett now 
at Barre, Editor of the Christian Messen- 
gcr, author of the interesting pamphlet 
" Methodism in Williamstown." Rev. 
Mr. Bartlett has taken in hand a complete 
history of the Methodists in Barre which 
will be in pamphlet, and is promised to the 
supplement volume of this work. Ed. 



TELEGRAPH OFFICE. 

The completion of the railroad to Barre 
being accomplished and thoroughly cele- 
brated, the ne.xt thing in connection with 
the railroad looked for, was the telegraph 
at the village depot, which was duly opened, 
sending its first telegram, Oct. i, 1875. 

The Barre Fire Company, page 36, took 
the second prize, $200 at the trial in Bur- 
lington. 

Samuel Goodell, who resides at Mas- 
sena, N. Y., and who frequently writes for 
the newspapers — we have seen his verses 
in iht Ba?'re Ejiierprise of late — was "a 
Barre boy," and there are others natives 
of the town, both among the living and 
the dead, who should be all counted back 
to Barre before the record is finally closed 
for the first hundred years of her history. 

Addenda: Page 16. The number of 
soldiers credited to Barre in the county 
table is incorrect. See selectmen's report 
for 1865 ; page 42. 

Page 24, 2d col., not I. W. but I. N. 
Camp; page 25, 2d col., comma and not 
period after bank, and next after, small, not 
large a, one connected sentence. Barre 
Academy, same page, the name of Miss 
Emily Frett should have been added 
to the list of teachers, a neice of Mrs. 
Spaulding, who taught several years in this 
institution, now teacher in a normal school 
in Platteville, Wis. 

Goddard Seminary, page 26, the dates 
for, was taken from the record of 1880, 
since which. Dr. Braley has died — see no- 
tice page 25 ; and J. M. Haynes, Esq., of 
St. Albans, is present vice president. The 
name, also, of the second principal, page 
25, is Hawes and not Harris — F. M. 
Hawes. Page 48, for Susan Cook, read 
Mrs. Susan Town Cook. 

We must also ask leniency for a few 
typographical errors in the County chapter. 
The proof sent to the author at a distance 
returned too late for corrections in place ; 
we noted them for insertion here, and have 
made the mistake to lose the paper, and to 
send the proofs with them to another 
writer ; they may be added to the addenda 
at close of the County. 



BERLIN. 



53 



BERLIN. 



15Y SYLVANUS F. NYE. 



Berlin in Washington Co.. lat. 40° 
13/ long. 4° 25/ near the centre of the 
State, bounded N. by Middlesex, Mont- 
pelier and part of East Montpelier, E. by 
Barre and part of Williamstown, S. by 
Northfield and part of Williamstown, and 
W. by Moretown, was chartered June 8, 
1763, wherein it was declared "and is 
hereby incorporated into a township by 
the name of Berlin.''' — Book of Charters, 
page 473-474 : 70 equal shares. 

The first settlement was commenced in 
the summer of 1785, by Ebenezer San- 
born from Corinth, on what was afterwards 
known as the " Bradford farm," about half 
a mile from the mouth of Dog river, and 
Joseph Thurber from N. H., on a place 
near the mouth of the same river, since 
known as the " Shepard farm." Sanborn 
and Thurber removed the next year to the 
State of New York. In 17S6, Moses 
Smith moved into the S. E. corner of the 
town, and in 1787, Daniel Morse from the 
town of Washington, with his family on 
to the place left by Thurber, and Jacob 
Fowler from Corinth, to that of Sanborn, 
and John Lathrop from Bethel, into the 
S. E. part of the town. In 1788, Daniel 
Morse left, and his place was occupied by 
Hezekiah Silloway from Corinth. In 
1789, eight families were added, making 
in all thirteen, and in 1790, eight more. 
The first town meeting was warned by 
John Taplin, a Justice of the Peace, and 
held March 31, 1 791, at the dwelling-house 
of Aaron Strong ; James Sawyer, modera- 
tor, David Nye, clerk, Zacharilh Perrin, 
Eleazer Hubbard and James Sawyer, se- 
lectmen ; Micajah Ingham, constable. 
The first roads through the town were 
" the old Brookfield road," entering the 
town from the south and passing west of 
the Pond to Montpelier and the " Coos 
road " from Connecticut river to Burling- 
ton, which passed through the town from 
Barre village to the first named road at 
the " Bugbee place." The first school in 
town was kept in a log school-house, 
standing on east street near the brick 



house built by the late Dea. David Nye, 
by Mrs. Titcomb in the summer of 1794, 
and by the wife of Dr. Collins in 1795. 

The first school on Dog river was kept 
by Dr. Gershom Heaton in the winter of 
1794-5, in a log-house near the residence 
of the late Justus Brown. 

The first saw-mill was built by Eleazer 
Hubbard in 1 791, on the upper falls of 
Pond brook, now known as " Benjamin's 
Falls," and a grist-mill a little below the 
saw-mill one year later. The nearest mill 
for some time after the first settlement was 
at Corinth, more than 28 miles distant, and 
not patronized by our settlers to a great 
extent, who preferred to live on pound 
cake ; the recipe for making : a hole burned 
in the top of a large stump ; the grain 
put in, pounded to such fineness as the 
pounder could afford, and then made into 
bread. 

The first store and tavern was kept by 
Jonas Parker in the house afterwards the 
residence of " Israel Dewey, about 1800." 
The next was opened in the building for- 
merly standing south of the above, by 
Charles Huntoon, about 1806. A year or 
two after, he built at the corner opposite 
the large square house used for many years 
as a tavern. His successors in the mer- 
cantile business were Bemsley Huntoon, 
Orrin Carpenter (in 18 16), Bigelow & 
Wheatley, Andrew Wheatley, Farmer's 
and Mechanics' Interest Co., Heaton and 
Denney who. closed out the business soon 
after 1850, since which time there has been 
no store kept in the town. The town is 
diversified by hills and valleys. Stevens' 
branch crosses the N. E. corner. A little 
east of the centre lies the valley of the 
Pond and Pond brook, and in the western 
part the valley of Dog river. The eastern 
part of the town was originally covered 
with a dense growth of hard wood, maple, 
beach, birch, elm, etc., with a mixture of 
spruce, hemlock and basswood, and in the 
swamps cedar and ash. On the mountain 
in the centre upon the south side of the 
town there is a quantity of butternut, while 
west of Dog river there is a larger propor- 
tion of spruce and hemlock. The soil is 



54 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



well adapted to the growth of English 
grains and grasses, and in favorable loca- 
tions Indian corn is cultivated in per- 
fection. 

The first marriage of parties living in 
town was Joshua Swan to Miss Collins, in 

. Tradition says, there being snow 

on the ground, the bride-elect took her 
seat on a hand-sled, and the gallant bride- 
groom, with one or two to assist, drew her 
to Middlesex, where lived the nearest jus- 
tice of the peace (probably Esq. Putnam) 
where the twain were duly made one flesh, 
when the bride resumed her seat upon the 
sled, and returned home b) the way she 
came, on the same day, having made a 
bridal tour of about 15 miles. 

The first births in town were Abigail K., 
daughter of Jacob and Abigail Black, in 

1789, who became the wife of Ira Andrews, 
and died in 1864, and Porter Perrin, Feb. 

1790, who died May 17, 1871. 

The first deaths were in 1789, an infant 
child of John Lathrop, and a little later, 
the Widow Collins, aged 88 years. 

PHYSICIANS. 

Dr. Ebenezer Collins, who remained 
in town but a short time. 

Dr. Gershom Heatox, born in Swan- 
zey, N. H., 1773 ; removedatan early age 
to Hanover, N. H. ; graduated at the med- 
ical department in Dartmouth College 
about 1795, and came about the same time 
to Berlin ; but after a short practice, quit 
his profession, went to farming, and event- 
ually accumulated a handsome property : 
died Jan. 1850, aged "]"] years. 

Dr. Jacob Miller, a native of Middle- 
boro, Mass. ; graduated at Dartmouth 
College in 1804; pursued his medical 
studies with Nathan Smith, M. D., and 
attended lectures at Dartmouth Medical 
College. His name is not found, how- 
ever, in the list of graduates. He married 
Parthenia Dewey, of Hanover, N. H., Mar. 
10, 1808, (born in Hanover, N. H., Feb, 
13, 1781, M. 2d, Thomas Beach, of Strat- 
ford, N. H., where she died 21, Feb. 1846), 
and probably settled in Berlin about this 
time. He was regarded as a physician of 
uncommon promise, but fell a victim to 



the spotted fever then prevailing as an 
epidemic through the State, and died Jan. 
19, 18 13. He left one son, Jedediah, born 
in Berlin, Sept. 15, 1811 ; graduated M. D. 
at Dartmouth College in 1839, '^^'^^ <^'it;d in 
New York city a few years since. 

DR. JOHN WINSLOW 

was born in Pomfret, Vt., Mar. 10, 1788; 
read with his uncle. Dr. Joseph Winslow, 
of Windsor, attending lectures at Dart- 
mouth Medical College, and practicing 
with his uncle in Windsor 2 years. He 
settled in Berlin after the death of Dr. 
Miller in 1813. Dr. W. held a good rank 
with the practitioners of his time, being 
frequently called as counsel, and having 
an extensive practice in Berlin and other 
towns adjoining, until he relinquished prac- 
tice, soon after the death of his first wife. 
He was respected as a citizen for his lib- 
erality in whatever contributed to the pub- 
lic weal, and as a Christian for his con- 
sistent lite and support to the church and 
its institutions. He died July i, 1871, 
aged 83 years. 

Dr. Winslow was married ist to Sarah 
Bishop, (born in Windsor, Dec. 17, 1791 ; 
died Apr. 7, 1835) ; 2d, toKeziahHeaton, 
(born in Hanover, N. H., 1800) : children, 
a daughter, who died before the death of 
his first wife, and a son, JohnF. Winslow, 
who now resides in Berlin. ' 

" DR. ORIX SMITH, 

son of Christopher Smith, born in Marlow, 
N. H., July 27, 1807, at an early age re- 
moved with his parents to Williamstown, 
Vt. ; when nineteen, studied medicine with 
Dr. Z. O. Burnham, of Williamstown, and 
in 1830, received the degree of M. D. in 
the University of Vermont. He com- 
menced practice in Berlin, and heartily de- 
voted himself to his profession. Nov. 1830, 
he was married to Julia, daughter of Abel 
Knapp, Esq. Of 7 children by this mar- 
riage, one son and daughter only are now, 
(1873), living, in Illinois. 

Dr. Smith repeatedly held town offices ; 
in 1834, '35, ''2,'] , '49 was town represent- 
ative, and after a successful practice of 
nearly 20 years in Berlin, removed to 
Montpelier, and in 1853, became profes.sor 



BERLIN. 



55 



of obstetrics, etc., in the University of 
Vermont, but removed to Chicago finally, 
where he held a high position as a phy- 
sician. He died in Chicago, Aug. 1867, 
aged 60 years. 

FIRST SETTLERS. 

Jacob Fowler was the first settler who 
resided here permanently, or left descend- 
ants in town. He was a hunter, and had 
often been through the town on Winooski 
river and its branches during, and perhaps 
previous to, the Revolutionary War. At 
tlie time of the burning of Royalton in 
1780, when the Indians went down the 
Winooski, he was up Waterbury river. 
On returning to the mouth of the river, he 
came on the trail, and followed it back to 
Berlin Pond. Finding indications of en- 
campments at the mouth of Dog river, and 
on the west side of Berlin Pond, near the 
neck, he supposed they had been to New- 
bury or Corinth until he arrived at this 
place, when the trail bearing to the south, 
he concluded they had come from another 
direction. He has sometimes been ac- 
cused, but probably unjustly, of having 
been a Tory. It is said that he was en- 
listed in the garrison stationed at Corinth 
during the latter part of the Revolutionary 
War, and was employed by Gen. Wait, 
the commander, as an Indian scout. It is 
related of him, by the late Hon. D. P. 
Thompson : 

" I used to think," said the hunter, "I 
had as much wit as any wild varmint that 
was ever scared up in our woods. But a 
sly old moose once completely baifled me 
in trying to get a shot at him. This an- 
imal's usual range was on Irish hill, in the 
vicinity of Berlin Pond. This I discovered 
by finding one day, as I was coming along 
the margin of the pond, a path leading 
down to the water, which I knew, by the 
tracks of great size, and of different de- 
grees of freshness, was made by a large 
moose that must have come down daily to 
drink. On making this discovery I re- 
solved to have him. But after trying on 
three different days to get a shot at him, I 
utterly failed ; for either by the keenness 
of his sight, or smell, or hearing, he al- 
ways took the alarm, and made off without 
allowing me more than a mere glimpse of 
him. As I was turning away from the 
last attempt, it occurred to me there might 



be other ways to choke a dog than by giv- 
ing him bread and butter, so I laid a plan 
my moose would not be looking for. The 
next day I shouldered a bear trap I pos- 
sessed, weighing nearly forty pounds, with 
the iron teeth more than an inch long, 
went up to the pond, and set it at the 
water's edge in the path where he came 
down to drink, chained it securely to a 
sapling, and went home. The next day I 
went there again, and as I drew near my 
trap, I saw a monstrous moose stand over 
the spot where I had set it. He had got one 
fore-foot into it, and those murderous in- 
terlocking teeth had clenched his fetlock 
and held him like a vice. The next mo- 
ment I put a bullet through his heart, and 
brought him to the ground, when cutting 
out his tongue, lips, and the best part of a 
round, I went home not a little proud of 
the exploit of outwitting him at last. 

It is said that Fowler spent the last years 
of his life in Canada, and died there at an 
advanced age. 

HEZEKIAH SILLOWAY 

came to Berlin from Corinth in 1788, and 
settled on the " Shepard farm" at the 
mouth of Dog river, where he resided 
about twenty years, when he sold the farm 
to Mr. Shepard, and removed to Mont- 
pelier, where he lived till his death, at the 
age of 90 years. He had been a Revolu- 
tionary soldier. 

HON. SALVIN COLLINS, 

-, Mar. 6, 1768, 



born in Southboro, — 
when about twenty-three, came to Berlin, 
and purchased a farm adjoining Zachariah 
Perrin and Jabez Ellis, to this day known 
as the old Collins farm. He married Re- 
becca Wilder, of Lancaster, Mass., and 
had 5 children. His eldest daughter mar- 
ried Hon. John Spaulding, of Montpelier. 
After 14 or 15 years, Mr. Collins sold his 
farm to Zachariah Perrin, and moved to 
the "Corners," then containing a store, 
tavern and several mechanics shops. In 
1805 and '6 he was representative of the 
town; in 18 11, assistant Judge of the new 
Co. of Jefferson, and took up his residence 
at Montpelier village. In 18 12 he re- 
ceived a second election as County Judge, 
and in 181 5, was elected Judge of Probate 
of Washington Co., to which office he re- 
ceived five successive elections, a greater 
number then ever was received in this dis- 
trict by any man except Judge Loomis. 
For the last twenty years of his life, at 
least, he was constantly in the commission 
of the office of justice of the peace, and for 



56 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



a greater portion of the time did a large 
share of the justice business of the village. 
He was one of the earliest and most ex- 
emplary members of the Congregational 
church' of Berlin, and on removing to 
Montpelier, united himself with the Con- 
gregational church of this place, of which 
in a few years he was chosen a deacon, and 
as such officiated for the remainder of his 
life. His tii;st wife dying in 1816, he mar- 
ried Mrs. Lucy Clark, who survived him 
about 8 years. Unobtrusive, unassuming, 
quiet, social and intelligent, few men were 
better calculated to make friends than 
Judge Collins, and few men ever had more 
of them. His abiding integrity was never 
doubted ; while the offices to which he was 
time and again elected show in what esti- 
mation his intellectual powers, though un- 
aided by any but the commonest of educa- 
tion, were held by the public. He died 
Nov. 9, 1831, age 63; an extensive circle 
of relatives and the public as mourners.- — 
[From D. P. Thompson. 

JOHN TAPLIN, ESQ. 

John Taplin, who though by common 
usage entitled to the military appellation 
of Major and the civil one of Honorable, 
was yet generally known by the unpretend- 
ing designation of Esquire Taplin, was 
born in Marlboro, Mass., 1748. In about 
1764, he removed with his father, Colonel 
John Taplin, to Newbury, Vt., and soon 
after to Corinth, of which town his father 
was one of the original proprietors. 

His father, one of the most noted men 
or his times, had been a colonel in the 
British army under (ien. Amherst, and 
actively engaged with Rogers, Putnam, 
Stark and other distinguished American 
officers in reducing the fortresses on Lake 
Champlain and fighting their red allies, 
then prowling through the entire wilder- 
ness territory of Vermont. And young 
Taplin, after receiving a fair common- 
school education for his years, was, from 
the age of 12 to 15 out with his father, in 
this French and Indian war, being gener- 
ally stationed at Crown Point and Ticon- 
deroga. Soon after his removal to Ver- 
mont, Colonel Taplin was appointed under 
the jurisdiction of New York, chief judge 
of the court of what was then called Glou- 
cester County, but afterwards Orange 
County : And young Taplin then desig- 
nated as John Taplin, Junior, was, though 
then but barely 21, appointed high sheriff 
of the same court and county. Kings- 
land, now Washington, was at first fixed 
upon as the shire town of this new county, 
and the new court was once actually 
opened there, though the town was then 
wholly an unbroken wilderness. We have 



already, while treating of the New York 
grants in this section, alluded to the sin- 
gular opening of a court in the woods in 
this place ; but as the record of this curi- 
ous transaction, which has but recently 
come to light, cannot fail to be regarded 
as an interesting antiquarian document, 
we will copy it entire. 

" KiXGSLAND, Gloucester County, ? 

Province of New York, May 29, 1770. ^ 
"Court met for the first time, and the 
ordinance and comitions Being Read. 

John Taplin, '^ Judges being appointed 

Samuel Sleeper, > by the Government of 

Thomas Sumner, j New York, 

were present, and the Courts opened as is 
usual in other Courts — Also present 

James Pennock, ^ 

Abner Fowler, > Justices of the Quorum. 

John Peters, j 

John Taplin, Jr., Sheriff. 

"N. B. these Courts were the Courts of 
Quarterly sessions and the Court of com- 
mon Plea for Said County. 

" Court adjourned to the last Tuesday in 
August next to be held in said Kingsland. 
"Opened accordingly, and appointed 
four Constables, Simeon Stevens for New- 
bury, Jesse McFarland for Moretown, 
Abner Howard for Thetford, and Samuel 
Pennock for Strafford, and adjourned to 
the last Tuesday of Nov. "Nov. 27, 
Court opened at Kingsland. Called over 
the docket of 8 cases only, put over and 
dismissed them, and appointed Ebenezer 
Green constable for Thetford, and Samuel 
Pennock, Ebenezer Martin and Ebenezer 
Green and Samuel Allen Surveyors for the 
County, and adjourned to February next 
last Tuesday. 

Feb. 25, } Sett out from Moretown for 
1 77 1. ^ Kings Land, travelled untill 
Knight there Being no Road, and the 
Snow very depe, we travelled on Snow 
Shoes or Racats, on the 26th we travelled 
Some ways, and Held a Council when 
it was concluded it was Best to open 
the Court as we Saw No Line it was not 
whether in Kingsland or not. But we 
concluded we were farr in the woods we 
did not expect to See any House unless 
we marched three miles within Kingsland 
and no one lived there when the Court was 
ordered to be opened on the spot, present 
John Taplin, Judge 
Jolin Peters of the Quorum 
John Taplin Jr., Sheriff, 
all Causes Continued or adjourned over 
to Next term the Court, if one, adjourned 
over until the last Tuesday in May Next 
at which time it was opened and after dis- 
posing of one case of bastardy, adjourned 
to August next. 

" John Peters Clerk." 



BERLIN. 



57 



Thus ends this curious specimen of ju- 
dicial records. It will be seen at the first 
court nothing is hinted about the court 
being held in the woods and snows. It 
was probably held at the nearest house in 
Corinth, and, by a judicial fiction, treated 
as a court at Kingsland. But it does 
not appear that the court was ever called 
at Kingsland after the so-called August 
Term, 1771, having the next term met 
at Newbury, where it continued to hold 
sessions till the breaking out of the Rev- 
olution. The court did not, however, 
give up the idea of making Kingsland the 
seat of justice, for they ordered their young 
Sheriff, John Taplin, Jr., to build a log 
jail there, which he promptly executed, 
and made return to the court accordingly, 
though it is believed that the jail, as such, 
was never occupied. This singularly orig- 
inated log-jail was situated a mile or two 
S. E. of the present village of Washington, 
near the sources of the brook which, run- 
ning northerly into Stevens' Branch, thence 
forward, took the name of Jail Branch. 
On the opening of the Revolution, Colonel 
Taplin declining to take sides against the 
King who had distinguished him, retired 
during the war into Canada, leaving our 
John TajDlin, Jr., on the paternal property 
in Corinth, where he resided until many 
years after Vermont had become a State, 
and was so much esteemed by his fellow- 
townsmen as to have received from them 
at least two elections as their represent- 
ative in the legislature. In the summer of 
1787 he removed to Berlin, having pur- 
chased that excellent farm on the lower 
part of Dog River, since known as the old 
John Hayden place, and became the first 
representative of Berlin, and for several 
years the first officiating justice of the 
peace in all this vicinity. 

At the age of twenty he married Miss 
Catharine Lovell, daughter of Colonel Ne- 
hemiah Lovell, of Newbury, who was 
grand-son of the celebrated hero of the 
Lovell Pond Indian battle. His first wife 
dying in 1794, he married the following 
year Miss Lydia Gove, of Portsmouth. 
By his first wife he had 12 children, by 
his last, 9 — twenty-one in all, and what 



is still more remarkable, they all except 
one, which was accidentally scalded, caus- 
ing death in infancy, lived to marry and 
settle down in life as the heads of families, 
furnishing an instance of family fruitful- 
ness and health that perhaps never had a 
parallel in the State. Mr. Taplin's prac- 
tical knowledge of men and the ordinary 
affairs of life was, from his varied opportu- 
nities for observation, quite extensive, and 
his natural intellectual capacities were at 
least of a highly respectable order. But 
probably what are called the sentiments or 
moral affections should be considered as 
constituting the predominant traits of his 
character. At all events, kindness to all, an 
active benevolence and charity to the poor 
and distressed, were very conspicuous el- 
ements of his nature, and his house and 
hands were ever alike open to relieve the 
wants of those who might solicit his hos- 
pitalities or more substantial assistance. 
As is too often the case, the sharp, selfish 
world failed not to take advantage. The 
free horse was at length almost ridden to 
death. At the age of fifty he found himself 
badly involved in pecuniary embarrass- 
ments, growing out of his general system of 
benevolence in a good degree, though main- 
ly out of his acts of accommodation in be- 
coming bondsman for others. These so 
sadly reduced his property as to compel 
him to part with his valuable old home- 
stead for one less costly, and which last he 
was also induced after a time, from grow- 
ing infirmities, to resign, and reside with 
one of his sons in the village. The last 
years of his life were thus clouded, but he 
was held in the estimation of all as one of 
the most amiable and best of men and 
Christians, and as one of the most useful 
citizens. He died in Montpelier, Nov. 
1835, aged 87, his memory being warmly 
cherished by all who remember his tall, 
comely person, the mild dignity of his de- 
portment, and never-varying amenity of 
manners toward all classes of people. 

CAPT. JAMES HOBART. 

James Hobart came to Berlin in 1787, 
from Newbury, Vt., settling at the mouth 
of Jones' Brook. He had formerly lived in 
Plymouth, N. H., where his son (Rev.) 



58 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



James was born, said to have been the 
first male child born in that town. Al- 
though religiously inclined, careful and 
particular as the head of a family, he never 
made a public profession of religion until 
at about the age of 91 years he joined the 
1st Cong, church of Berlin. About 100 
years before his birth one of his ancestors. 
Rev. Peter Hobart, a Congregational min- 
ister, came to this country from England, 
and was a minister in Hingham, Mass., a 
great many years. Capt. Hobart spent 
about ID years of the last of his life with 
his son Rev. J., working at the cooper's 
trade and cutting his own fire-wood. He 
died in 1834, aged 95 years. 

ZACHARIAH PERRIN 

came with his family from Hebron, Ct., in 
1789, and settled in the east part of the 
town, on the farm now occupied by his 
grand-son, J. Newton Perrin. In March, 
with two pairs of oxen and sled, bringing 
wife and two children and a stock of pro- 
visions, he came by the Connecticut and 
White rivers to Brookfield, which was then 
the end of the road. The remainder of 
the way was by marked trees, and snow 
3 to 4 feet deep. He took an active part 
in the organization and settlement of the 
town ; was a friend of education, and a 
consistent member of the Congregational 
church, for the support of which he gave 
liberally. He lived to raise up a large 
family, and accumulate a large property as 
a farmer, and died May, 1838, aged 88. 

ELEAZER HUBBARD, 

a native of Connecticut, age about sixty, 
came from Glastenbury, Ct., with an ox- 
team, bringing mill-stones and irons, and 
purchased the lot of land in which is Ben- 
jamin's Falls, on Pond brook, at the head 
of which in 1790 or '91 he erected the first 
saw and grist-mills in town. The mills 
were occupied a number of years after his 
death in 18 19, at the age of 89 years, but 
nothing now remains of them but the 
foundation walls and one granite mill- 
stone. 

DAVID NYE, 

son of Melatiah Nye, and "grand-father of 
the writer of this article, came to Berlin 



from Glastenbury, Conn., with his wife, 
(Honor Tryon), and two children, a son 
and a daughter, in 1790, having served his 
country several years in the Continental 
arniy as a musician ; was in the battle on 
Long Island in 1776. When the town 
was organized in 1791, he was elected the 
first town clerk, and in several succeeding 
years was re-elected to the same office, as 
well as other important offices. A few 
years after he came to town, Mr. Nye 
united with the Congregational church, of 
which while he lived he was an active and 
consistent member, and for a number of 
years and until his death, he was an acting 
deacon. For several years he divided his 
time between cultivating his farm, and 
buying and driving beef cattle to the Boston 
market. When the temperance leforma- 
tion spread over the land previous to 1830, 
he was one of the first in this town to 
adopt and stand upon the platform of total 
abstinence. He died in Sept. 1832, at 72 
years of age. 

ELIJAH NYE, 

brother of David Nye, removed to Berlin 
at the same time, and settled in the south- 
east part of the town. He removed to 
Montpelier.in 1825, where he died in 1852, 
at the age of 84 years. 

SOLOMON NYE, 

a native of Glastenbury, Ct., brother of 
David and Elijah, at the age of 18 enlisted 
in the Continental army, and served as a 
teamster. He came to Berlin about 1808 ; 
was a farmer ; died in 1857, aged 93 years. 

JOSHUA BAILEY, 

a native of Newbury, Mass., came from 
Newbury, Vt., in 1790, and settled on the 
farm afterwards the home of his son. Cyrus 
Bailey. He died in 1804, aged 53. 

CAPT. JAMES SAWYER, 

born in Haverhill, Mass., in 1738, was 
Captain of a company of minute men, 
1776. At the breaking out of the Revolu- 
tion he owned a good farm, which he sold, 
was paid in continental currency, and 
was consequently left almost penniless. 
After living in various places, he came to 



BERLIN. 



59 



Berlin with his son in 1790, and died in 
1 80 1, aged 63 years. 

James, son of Captain James, came to 
Berlin with his father in 1790, and settled 
on Dog River, where he was successful as 
a farmer and lived until his death, in 1859, 
at the age of 93 . 

JABEZ ELLIS 

came from Gilead, Ct., in the spring of 
1789, and located in the east part of the 
town. He returned for a wife the Decem- 
ber following ; married Hannah Mack, of 
Hebron, Ct., whom he brought on with a 
stock of provisions upon an ox-sled, com- 
ing up the west side of the mountains to 
Essex, and up the Winooski to Montpel- 
ier. He also brought on some tea for sale 
to the settlers. By industry and perse- 
verance he accumulated a handsome prop- 
erty, and gave liberally for the support of 
the institutions of religion. He represented 
the town in the Legislature of Vermont in 
1815 and '17, and died in 1852, aged 88. 

WILLIAM FLAGG 

came from Holden, Mass., in 1789, and 
settled on a farm on the west side of the 
pond. He died in 1838, at 84 years of 
age. Mr. Flagg enlisted as a soldier at 
the breaking out of the war of the Revolu- 
tion, was in the Battle of Bunker Hill 
and of Monmouth. 

JACOB BLACK, 

a native of Holden, Mass., came about the 
same time as Flagg, and settled on a lot 
adjoining him. Mr. Black and Mr. Flagg 
appear to have been born the same year 
and lived to about the same age. Th^y 
probably enlisted at about the .same time 
in the service of the country, and were in 
nearly the s^me battles, beginning with 
that of Bunker Hill. They were both in 
the battle at Monmouth Court House under 
Washington, 3 years later. Mr. Black, 
in addition to clearing and cultivating his 
farm, worked for his neighbors as occasion 
required as a carpenter and joiner. About 
1 8 18, Mr. Black removed to Marshfield, 
where he died in 1838, age 84. 

Silas Black, son of Jacob, born in 
Holden, was 12 years old when his father 



came to Berlin. When of age he settled 
on a farm adjoining his father. Tending 
saw-mill when a young man, seated on a 
log to keep it in place, while the saw was 
cutting through it, the wind blowing his 
frock before the saw, the saw descending 
took in both frock and leg, inflicting a deep 
gash below the knee, and a second stroke 
above the ankle-joint, jerked out nearly all 
the sinews in this part of the leg, severed 
by the first cut of the saw. Again Mr. 
Black was assisting in taking down a barn- 
frame, a heavy timber fell upon one of his 
legs near his body, crushing it to a mass 
of jelly, and breaking the bone badly, 
after which he always limped in his walk. 
He died in 1867, aged 90. 

CAPT. DANIEL TAYLOR 

came to Berlin in March, 1793; married 
Miss Ruhamah Ellis, sister of Jabez Ellis. 
He was a soldier of the Revolution, and 
for a time a prisoner in the hands of the 
British. For some time after he com- 
menced on his farm, at the center of the 
town, he kept a tavern, and small stock of 
goods and groceries for sale. He was a 
man of energy and decision. When the 
call came for men to go to Plattsburg to 
beat back the British army, then advanc- 
ing up the Lake, Mr. Taylor mounted his 
horse at dusk, and taking his trusty fire- 
lock in his hand, rode to Burlington dur- 
ing the night, and in the morning crossed 
over the Lake to Plattsburg, and was with 
the detachment sent up the river to pre- 
vent the enemy from crossing. He died in 
1 83 1, aged 74. 

CAPT. JAMES PERLEY, 

born in Methuen, Mass., in 1760, at the 
age of 16 years enlisted as a soldier in the 
war of the Revolution under Gen. Knox, 
and served 3 years. The next 8 years of 
his life he spent upon the ocean as cap- 
tain's mate, visiting different places in both 
hemispheres. He came here in 1791, and 
settled on a farm near the center of the 
town, which he occupied the remainder of 
his life. Capt. Perley and his son, Sam- 
uel Perley, were both at the Battle of 
Plattsburg, N. Y., Sept. 11, 18 14. He 
died in Berlin, in 1850, aged 90 years. 



6o 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



STEPHEN PEARSON, 

born in Rowley, Mass., in 1756, when sev- 
enteen, enlisted for the war. At the Battle 
of Bunker Hill, the inspecting officer or- 
dered him to give up his gun to a larger 
man, he being of smaller stature, but Pear- 
son, stepping back, presented the muzzle, 
saying, " You must take it this way if at 
all, I am going into the fight."" He did go, 
and came out without a scratch. He came 
to Berlin in 1793 ; was a respectable farmer ; 
died in 1842, aged 82. 

JOEL WARREN, 

born in Northboro, Mass., Nov. 1772, 
came in 1796, and purchased a lot of land 
a little west of the center of the town ; 
worked one year, and put up a log-house, 
into which he moved the next year with 
his wife ; was a prosperous farmer, raised 
a moderately large family of children, and 
accumulated a handsome fortune ; repre- 
sented the town in the Legislature in 18 19 ; 
died in April, 1849, aged •]•] years. 

ABEL KNAPP, ESQ., 

and wife were among the early settlers ; 
resided nearly two generations upon the 
farm at the cross-roads at the centre. He 
was town clerk except one year of Dr. 
Gershom Heaton's service, from 1795 to 
1845 — 49 years, and was justice of the 
peace 50 years ; judge of probate of his 
county 1813, '14 ; member of the constitu- 
tional convention of 1836; town treasurer 
several years ; town representative 14 
years, 1809 — 1823. He was also a sur- 
veyor ; kept his survey notes, and helped 
settle many a dispute about surveys. He 
was a native of Rehoboth, Mass. ; mar- 
ried Miriam Hawks of Charlemont, Mass. ; 
children 5 sons, 4 daughters. His monu- 
ment bears this memorial of a good man : 
" His record is on high." — From C. L. 
Knapp, Lowell, Mass. 

MAJOR SAMUEL JONES 

settled at the mouth ot Jones brook, which 
took his name, upon a farm James Hobart 
had lived on 10 years. He was an ener- 
getic man, accumulated a good property 
and raised a large family. He died in 
1859, age 86. 



MAJOR JOSIAH BENJAMIN, 

son of William Benjamin, was born in 
Ashburnham, Mass., June, 1769; married 
Lucy Banning of Conn., Oct. 10, 1791 ; 
came to Berlin in 1793. After occupying 
and clearing up several farms in 1800, he 
finally settled on the farm on Stevens 
Branch, now occupied by his son Josiah 
Benjamin, where he died June, 1836, aged 
67. His title was earned in the State 
militia at a time when it meant something. 

ELISHA ANDREWS, 

Second son of Elisha, Jr., of Eastbury, 
Conn., moved to Sandgate, Vt., about 
1783, or '85. He built a hut of poles with 
but a hand-sled to get the materials togeth- 
er with ; roofed his little residence with 
boughs ; when it rained he and his wife 
covered the children with blankets ; but 
after a short time he removed to Manches- 
ter into better quarters, and from there to 
Berlin, about 1796. He was among the 
first settlers here, and located in the woods 
near the west end of the pond. He put 
up a log-house into which he used to draw 
with a horse logs for the back-log of 
his fire, 8 feet in length. He cleared the 
land, cultivated the soil, reared a large 
family, and died June 19. 1826, aged 67. 

SAFFORD CUMMINGS 

came here when 7 years of age, from 
Ward, (now Auburn,) Mass. ; remained 
till he was 12; walked back to his native 
town ; stayed a number of years and re- 
turned to Berlin on foot. About this time, 
he married Mary Stickney. He died in 
1867, age 87 years. 

COL. JAMES JOHNSON, 

a native of Mass., came here in 1794, and 
settled on Dog river. He lived on his 
farm till his death ; accumulated a hand- 
some property and never had a lawsuit. 
He served one year as captain in the war 
of 1812; the time being mostly spent 
upon our northern frontier. The title of 
Colonel was honorably earned in the ser- 
vice of the State. Died in 1861, age, 88. 
Abraham Townsend, a native of VVest- 
boro, Mass. A soldier in the revolutionary 
army ; was in the battle of Bunker Hill ; 



BERLIN. 



6i 



came here about 1800, was a farmer; died 
in 1825, aged 84. 

Abel Sawyer came here from Hartland 
in 1788. Entered the service of his coun- 
try at the age of 16, as a blacksmith ; died 
in 1836, aged 76. 

THE DEWEYS. 

Simeon, William, Israel and Henry, 
brothers (all of them having the prefix of 
uncle, by the early settlers and their de- 
scendants generally, the two first however, 
being sometimes called Capt. Sim and 
Capt. Bill, and the third Leftenatit Dewey 
in consequence of honors in the Vermont 
militia) were among the early settlers. 
They were descendants from Thomas 
Dewey who was an early settler from Mas- 
sachusetts Colony and " came to Windsor, 
Ct., from Mass. in 1639 with Mr. Huit." 

Simeon Dewey was born in Colchester, 
Ct., Aug. 20, 1770, married Prudence 
Yemans, Feb. 27, 1794, (born in Tolland, 
Ct., Mar. 29, 1772, died in Berlin, Apr. i, 
1844,) and settled the same year on Dog 
river. He removed to Montpelier in 1825, 
where he was deputy jailer 8 years, return- 
ing to his farm in Berlin in 1833, where he 
remained until the death of his wife. He 
died in Montpelier, January 11, 1863, 
aged 92. 

William Dewey, born in Hanover, N. 
H., Jan. 26, 1772. He settled in Berlin 
in 179s, on the farm below his brother 
Simeon's ; married Abigail Flagg, 22 Apr. 

1804, (born July 19, 1783, died July 28, 
1826). He died Sept. 7, 1840; he was a 
successful farmer and useful citizen. 

Israel Dewey, born in Hanover, N. H., 
Jan. 26, 1777, settled in 1801, on the up- 
per farm on Dog river, and removed from 
thence to the east part of the town about 

1805, and from thence to Lunenburgh, Vt., 
in 1851, where he died July 21, 1862, aged 
85 years. He was a member of the Legis- 
lature of Vt. 1820, '21 and '26; postmas- 
ter in Berlin from 1825 to 1850, and em- 
ployed perhaps more than any other man, 
with one exception (Hon. Abel Knapp) in 
town offices, as a magistrate, and in the 
settlement of estates. He was always 
ready to give his time and pecuniary aid, 



beyond his real abilities, for the improve- 
ment of our common schools ; the welfare 
of the Congregational church with which 
he united in 18 19, and other measures for 
the good of the community. After his 
removal to the east part of the town, he 
kept a tavern several years, and from that 
business and the custom of the times, ac- 
quired the practice of the daily use of 
ardent spirits, which was growing to be 
an excessive one, when in 1830, he relin- 
quished it Entirely and was ever after a 
consistent and ardent supporter of the 
temperance reform. He was married first 
to Betsey Baldwin, Mar. 1801, born Dec. 
2, 1776, died Oct. 27, 1807 ; second to 
Nancy Hovey, i Mar. 1809; born in Han- 
over, N. H., Dec. 24, 1786 ; died in Lunen- 
burgh, Aug. 7, 1859. 

DEA. FENNO COMINGS, 

(son of Col. Benjamin and Mary Cooper 
Comings,) was born in Cornish, N. H., 
Mar. 21, 1787; married Rebecca Smart, 
Nov. 22, 1810, (daughter of Caleb and 
Catharine Black Smart ; born in Croydon, 
N. H., July 26, 1788). He settled here 
in 18 1 5, as a tanner and currier, which 
business he carried on until his death. He 
was a man doing what he found to do with 
his might ; a member and officer of the 
Congregational church — a lover of order 
and peace. He died, Jan. 24, 1830, his 
death leaving a void not often felt, and 
being regarded as an irreparable loss to the 
church and community. His widow mar- 
ried Rev. Jonathan Kinney, in Jan. 1833, 
who died, May 7, 1838. She died in Ber- 
lin, Oct. 10, 1865. 

RUSSELL STRONG, 

born in Bolton, Ct., Aug. 29, 1785 ; mar- 
ried Miss Susanna Webster, a native of 
the same place, (born Oct. 10, 1787, died 
Apr. 5, 1872, aged 85 years) ; came here 
Feb., 1814, and purchased 40 acres on the 
upper part of Dog river for $200 dollars, 
and a few years afterwards 20 acres more 
on which he resided until his death, 25, 
Feb. 1864, in his 79th year. 

NATHANIEL BOSWORTH, 

born in Rhode Island in 1753, when about 
21, enlisted and served in the Revolution- 



62 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



ary war 4 or 5 years. At one time he was 
a prisoner in the hands of the British, and 
confined in a prison ship on the Delaware 
river, and escaj^ed as follows : One night 
he contrived to get down into the water by 
the side of the ship unobserved, and at- 
taching one end of a string to his knap- 
sack, took the other in his mouth and swam 
off; the knapsack floating behind served to 
keep back the waves which would other- 
wise have broken over his head, and as he 
became exhausted might ha\^ overcome 
him. By swimming, near as he could 
judge, about 3 miles, he landed and es- 
caped. In 1780, when Royalton was 
burned, Mr. Bosworth was stationed at 
Corinth, Vt. After a short residence in 
Lebanon, N. H.. and Chelsea, Vt., he 
came to Berlin in 1806, and settled at Berlin 
Corner. He was a blacksmith, which bus- 
iness he followed here. He died in 1844, 
age, 91 years. 

Dea. Jonathan Bosworth, son of Na- 
thaniel Bosworth, born in Lebanon, N. H., 
in 1787, followed the business of his father, 
and came with him to Berlin. After work- 
ing a few years at custom work, he com- 
menced the manufacture of edged-tools, 
particularly scythes and axes, having a 
good water-power, with trip hammers and 
other machinery. But this branch of the 
business not proving successful, in about 
1830 he added .such other machinery as 
was deemed necessary, and commenced the 
manufacture of cast steel and steel-plated 
hoes. Each of his four sons worked in the 
shop, and in turn became partners in the 
business, and carried it on to success. 
Since 1870, the business has been discon- 
tinued. Mr. Bosworth was many years a 
member of the Congregational church and 
one of its deacons until within a few years 
of his death and its attending feebleness, 
active duties were left to younger hands. 
Died April, 1878, aged 91 years. 

ASA ANDREWS, 

third son of Elijah Andrews, and who oc- 
cupied the same farm as his father, died 
Sept. 14, 1876, aged 91. Eor about 20 
years he kept 40 cows or more, and mark- 
eted his butter and cheese in Newbury- 



port, Mass., where he went with his own 
team five or six times a year, until a few of 
the last years of his labor, he sent his 
produce by rail. He represented the town 
in the Legislature in 1847, '48. 

JOSEPH ARBUCKLE 

was born near Glasgow, Scotland, and 
came to America with Gen. Burgoyne's 
army as a soldier, and was with the army 
when it surrendered to Gen. Gates in 1777 ; 
after which he came to Berlin, and settled 
on a farm on the banks of the Winooski 
river, below the mouth of Dog river. He 
died about 1841, aged 84 years. 

PORTER PERRIN, 

second son of Zachariah Perrin, was the 
first male child born in town, Feb. i, 1790. 
He married Miss Lucy Kinney, daughter 
of Rev. Jonathan Kinney, of Plainfield, 
Vt., (born in Plainfield, Oct. 7, 1796). 
Mr. Perrin probably accumulated more 
property in farming than any other man 
before his time, in that business exclusively, 
in town, a greater part of which he gave 
to charitable and religious purposes, and to 
his large family of children during his life- 
time, and the balance, which was ample 
for the purpose intended, to his widow 
during her lifetime. All his dealings with 
his fellow-men were characterized by a 
strict regard for justice. He was a worthy 
member of the Congregational church for 
many years before his death. May, 1871, 
aged 81 years. 

REV. WM. PERRIN, 

third son of Zachariah Perrin, born in 
Berlin, in 1793; graduated at Middlebury 
College in 1813 ; married Fanny, daughter 
of Capt. Daniel Thompson, in 1815; 
preached in New York State i year, and 
near Charleston, S. C, 2 or three years; 
health failing, came North; died in 1824, 
at the age of 31, a victim to the immod- 
erate use of ardent spirits. His attend- 
ing physician prescribed brandy for a med- 
icine, the use of which created an ap- 
petite which was soon beyond his control. 
Mr. Perrin was an eloquent speaker and 
poet". [The following is the best specimen 
of his verse we have been able to find from 
his pen — Ed.] : 



BERLIN. 



^3 



FAREWELL. 



Say, dparest friend, relute me why 
The tear-drop startles from thine eyeV 
Does tlie farewell whlcli l)ids us part 
Tims lill with sobs tlilne aeliiiiK heart? 
'^tlult .1 siKiial to thy woe? 
Does that constrain tliy tears to flow? 
I'hen cease, my friend, forbear to weep; 
Hush every wakinjf woe to sleep;— 
Hush every sish, and quick I'll tell 
The better meaninjc of " farewell. " 
iTis not a wisli that you should be 
Consigned to want and misery; 
Or that forloridy you sh»ulii moan 
Like cooing dove in desert lone; 
'Tis wisli that plenty may afford 
Her dainties for your daily board; 
That calm content and peace retined 
May be companions of your mind; 
In line, that well may be your fare 
Till I again your pleasures sliare. 

Wm. Perkin. 

REV. TRUMAN PERRIN, 

fourth son of Zachariah Perrin, born in 
Berlin, Apr. 28, 1796; graduated at Dart- 
mouth College in 1817; preached in va- 
riou.s places inVt.,N. H., andN. Y. ; went 
to Vincennes, Ind., where he taught in an 
academy and preached one year or more ; 
then taught and preached a number of 
years in Alabama and Georgia; in 183 1, 
married Miss Pronecey B. Tyndall, of 
Tuscaloosa, Ala. ; had one son and two 
daughters. After having been engaged in 
business as a merchant a few years, and 
accumulated considerable property, he was 
suddenly deprived of most of it by the 
failure of several Southern banks. Mr. 
Perrin then, in 1850, came North, and 
spent the remainder of his days in preach- 
ing in various places, and in the employ 
of the American Tract Society. He died 
in Wa.shington, Mass., Nov. 19, 1869, 
aged 73 years. 

GEO. K. PERRIN, 

third son of Porter Perrin, born in Berlin, 
May 23, 1827, graduated at Brown Uni- 
versity, R. I., and at the Albany Law 
School, N. Y., and is now (1881) a prom- 
inent lawyer in Indianapolis, Ind., prac- 
ticing in the state and United States 
courts. 

HENRY M. PEHRIN, 

fourth son of Porter Perrin, born in Bei-lin, 
June 23, 1829, was educated at Dart- 
mouth and at the Albany Law School, and 
is a lawyer in St. Johns, Mich., and has 



been in his adopted state, judge of pro- 
bate and state senator. 

PORTER K. PERRIN, 

fifth son of Pointer Perrin, born in Berlin. 
Sept. 13, 1833, graduated at the Law 
School in Albany, N. Y., and is a partner 
with his brother H. M. in St. Johns, Mich. 
He is judge of probate ; served 2 years or 
more in the war of the secession, and was 
proinoted to the office of major. 

WM. B. PERRIN, 

seventh son of Porter Pen-in, born in 
Berlin, Jan. 19, 1839. After he entered 
Dartmouth College he served 3 months 
in Gov. Sprague's Cavalry ; went out from 
Harper's Ferry with his company in the 
night before that place was surrendered to 
the rebels ; afterwards served about two 
years in the 3d Vt. Light Battery, until 
the close of the war ; when mustered out 
was 1st lieutenant; graduated at Dart- 
mouth College and the Law School at 
Albany, N. Y. ; after a short residence in 
Burlington, Iowa, settled in Nashua, Chick- 
asaw Co. la., and is now (1881) doing a 
successful law business. 

CHAUNCEV L. KNAPP, 

son of Abel Knapp, Esq., was born in 
Berlin, Feb. 26, 1809; at the age of 14 
years commenced an apprenticeship of 7 
years in E. P. Walton's printing office in 
Montpelier ; was reporter for the Legisla- 
ture in 1833 : for some years a co-proprie- 
tor and editor of the Voice of Freedo?n and 
the State Journal at Montpelier ; elected 
Secretary of State in 1836-7-8 and 9 ; re- 
moving to Massachusetts was elected Sec- 
retary of the Massachusetts Senate in 185 1, 
and representative to the 34th, re-elected 
to the 35th Congress of the United States ; 
was a member of the committee on terri- 
tories, and is now one of the proprietors 
of the American Citiseti, Lowell, Mass. 

HON JOSEPH C. KNAPP, 

son of Ebenezer Knapp, was born in Ber- 
lin, Vt., 27, June, 1813; now residing in 
Keosaugua, Iowa, was one of the early 
settlers of that section of country, havino- 
left his native town and State when a 
young man. Has been United States Dis- 



64 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



trict attorney, Judge of the Supreme Court 
and democratic candidate for governor in 
1 87 1, and it is said by one who lias oppor- 
tunities of knowing that, " He stands at 
the head of the bar in this (Van Buren) 
county, and is regarded by many as being 
the leading lawyer of Southern Iowa." 

CHAUNCEY NVE, 

son of David Nye, Jr., and grandson of 
David Nye, one of the first settlers of the 
town, was born in Berlin, Apr. 4, 1828; 
graduated at Dartmouth college in 1856; 
after teaching several years in Ohio and 
f'eoria, III., settled in Peoria, and is a 
prominent lawyer (1881). 

REV. GEO. C. MOORE, JR., 

son of Dea. George C. Moore, born in 
Berlin, in 1825 ; graduated at Dartmouth 
college. Mr. Moore lived a number of 
years in Cedar Rapids, Iowa ; went to 
Texas previous to the war of the rebel- 
lion ; became a Presbyterian minister and 
preached in Goliad and Victoria, Texas, 
where he died in Sept., 1867, aged 32 years. 

MRS. PHEBE HAZZARD, 

died in Berlin, Oct. 14, 1S78, aged 102 
years, 6 months. Born in Mendon, Mass., 
April, 1777; married Kidder Gallup, 1798, 
who died 3 years after. In 1802 she came 
to Craftsbury ; in 181 6 married Thomas 
Hazzard in Hardwick ; came to Berlin in 
1830, where she lived the remainder of her 
life. She had two children by each hus- 
band. She and her husbands were col- 
ored people. 

CONGREGATIONAL CHURCH IN BERLIN. 

FROM NOTES BY JAMES HOBART, JR. 

The 1st Congregational church was or- 
ganized here Oct. 13, 1798, consisting of 
Aaron Goff, Simpson Stewart and Wm. 
Flagg, men about 50 years of age. Prob- 
ably this was the 2d organization of any 
denomination in the County ; the Cong, 
church in Waitsfield was organized 2 years 
before. At this time there were in town 
85 families, and for 8 years previous, sev- 
eral missionaries had preached on the Sab- 
bath and lectured, and some money had 
been raised by subscription and paid for 
preaching. Before the organization of the 
church a few professors of religion met at 



the house of Mr. Flagg, Oct. 11, and 
agreed to ask Rev. E. Lyman, of Brook- 
field, to embody the three named as mem- 
bers. Oct. 13, having met at Mr Stew- 
art's, Mr. Lyman preached on the occa- 
sion, and Mr. Goff, Mr. Stewart and Mr. 
Flagg presented themselves, to whom Mr. 
Lyman read for their public assent the 
confession of faith and church covenant 
drawn up by Mr. Hobart, which they pub- 
licly acknowledged, and were pronounced 
by Mr. Lyman a church of Christ regularly 
embodied in the Congregational order, 
and the church then proceeded to appoint 
Mr. Lyman their moderator for this meet- 
ing, and voted to unite with the people of 
this town in giving Mr. James Hobart a 
call to settle over them in the work of the 
gospel ministry, and that his ordination be 
on the 7th of Nov. next ; and voted sev- 
eral particulars for the ordination ; and the 
3 members of the church to be a committee 
to wait on the council. In the course of 
12 years 44 members were added to Tlie 
church. About the year 1800, the town 
selected a pleasant and sightly spot near 
the center of the town for a meeting-house, 
and in 1803 had the building, which was 
58 by 48 feet, completed. Elegant and 
noble in appearance, it stood open for 
worship, with galleries on three sides, and 
having a finely made steeple above its 
belfry, and roof painted. The edifice was 
dedicated Dec. 29, 1803; the sermon by 
Mr. Hobart: Ps. Ixxxiv, i. 

In 1 8 ID and 'ii there was a very inter- 
esting revival of religion, 37 being added 
to the church, and in 1811 the church pur- 
chased a communion set, (they having be- 
fore this at a communion service used a 
pitcher and mugs.) The meeting-house 
was the property of the town, and was 
used for town-meetings, theatrical per- 
formances, and a militia drill, when con- 
venient, which must seem contrary to the 
sacredness of a house of divine worship. 
In 1817, 19 were added to the church, and 
in 1819, 44, in 1827, 13, in 1832, 30, in 
1835, 49. In 1868, the membership was 
25 males, 54 females ; 24 of the 79 being 
absent members. In 1838, the meeting- 
house was burned, before which a new 



BERLIN. 



65 



Congregational meeting-house at Berlin 
"Corner" had been commenced, which 
was completed and dedicated the next 
year. In 1829, Rev. Mr. Lamb, from 
Westfield,Vt., preached here a few months. 
In 1830, Rev. Mr. Whiting, from Mass., 
preached one year. In 1832, Rev. B. 
Baxter supplied one year. In 1833, Rev. 
A. Stuart, of Pittsfield, preached one year. 
1834, Rev. S. Hurlburt was employed 
about one year. In 1836. Rev. Jonathan 
Kinney, of Plainfield, supplied one year. 
In 1837, Rev. Austin Hazen was installed, 
and continued pastor until his death, in 
1855. From 1855 to 1861, Rufus Child 
was acting pastor. Aug. 1863, Rev. W. 
R. Joyslin commenced preaching here, 
and Feb. 2, 1864, was ordained pastor; 
dismissed in 1866. In 1867, Rev. E. I 
Carpenter, formerly of Barre, began, and 
supjalied until Jan. 1870. In July, 1870, 
Rev. E. Seabury, from Falmouth, com- 
menced as a supply. 

REV. JAMES HOBART. 

BY JAMES IIOBAUT, Jll., OF WOEgESTER. 

James Hobart was born in Plymouth, 
N. H., Aug. 2, 1766, and came with his 
father to Berlin when about 21 ; was con- 
verted about 2 years after, and commenced 
preparing for college. He graduated at 
Dartmouth as A. B. in 1794; studied with 
Rev. Asa Burton, of Thetford ; in the 
spring of 1795, was approbated to preach, 
and commenced in Chelsea, Vt., as a can- 
didate. The next year he was in Ply- 
mouth, N. H., and in 1797 and ''98 at 
Nottingham, N. H., where he had a call 
to settle. During this time he preached 
at Berlin about 2 months, and in June, 
1798, came again to Berlin, and preached 
as a candidate for settlement, the people 
of the town having invited him, and in 
August the town gave him a call to settle 
as their minister. He drew up a confes- 
sion of faith, church covenant, and arti- 
cles of discipline, and had several confer- 
ences with a few professors of religion, 
who proposed to be embodied into a church 
which was organized this year. [See his- 
tory of Congregational church] . The Rev. 
Mr. Burton, of Thetford, preached his or- 



dination sermon Nov. 7, Rev. Messrs. 
Edw. Bourroughs, Martin Fuller, Stephen 
Fuller, E. Lyman and D. H. Williston, 
with their delegates, taking part in the 
exercises. He continued pastor of the 
church till May, 1829, when he was dis- 
'missed by a mutual council. The next 12 
years he labored as a preacher in New 
Hampshire, in Plymouth, Wentworth, En- 
field, Alexandria, Bridgewater and near 
Portsmouth. The last 20 years of his life 
he was never home, preaching most of the 
time somewhere, in Worcester, Berlin and 
West Berlin, and sometimes assisting in 
the Sabbath exercises, and in the very last 
year of his life, his 96th, he was able to 
preach a pretty well connected discourse, 
and could walk 6 or 8 miles in a day. 

He was self-denying, laborious and per- 
severing, having quite a missionary spirit. 
While at Berlin his usual practice was to 
preach a third discourse on the Sabbath in 
a distant part of the town, or in the border 
of a .neighboring town. He was below 
the ordinary height, standing erect, had a 
great memory, clearness of mind, good 
eyesight and a strong, distinct voice, speak- 
ing easy. 

He was strongly attached to the people 
of Berlin, and after his dismissal, as he 
was occasionally at home, preached quite 
a number of funeral sermons. In the ser- 
vices on the Sabbath he used written dis- 
courses ; by the request of his people, the 
third discourse was extempore, and so was 
his preaching after his dismissal. It was 
his choice to preach without notes. In 
1804, he was married to Betsey, daughter 
of Zechariah Perrin, Esq. They had a 
family of 7 sons and 5 daughters, 7 of 
whom are still living (1881). Two of the 
daughters were wives of Congregational 
ministers. Pamelia P. married Rev. Rufus 
Child, minister at Gilmantown, N. 'H., 
and afterwards a few years at Berlin. Julia 
married Rev. P. F. Barnard, minister a 
few years in Richmond, Me., and after- 
wards settled minister in Williamstown, 
Vt. Hannah, youngest daughter, married 
Rev. Geo. Craven, a Methodist minister 
of Danville, Vt. Emeline married Doct. 
Evans, of Piermont, N. H., and Mary, 



66 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



Hon. Amary Kinney, of Terre Haute, la., 
son of Rev. J. Kinney, of Plainfield. One 
of the two youngest sons, Timothy Dwight, 
graduated at Dartmouth College, and was 
about going to Andover, Mass., prepar- 
atory for preaching, when he died. The 
youngest of the family, Isaac Watts, at 13 
years of age joined the church in Berlin, 
and at 20 had nearly fitted for college, 
when he died. 

REV. AUSTIN HAZEN. 

BY REV. WILLIAM S. HAZEN, OF NORTIIFIELD. 

Austin Hazen, son of Asa Hazen, was 
born in Hartford, June, 1786, about 2 
miles from Hanover, N. H. His moth- 
er's name before marriage was Susanna 
Tracy. The Hazen family, which was 
large, was noted for its piety and general 
intelligence, and as being among the first 
settlers of the town. Mr. Hazen was grad- 
uated at Dartmouth College in 1807, and 
spent the next-year in Binghampton, Pa., 
teaching ; in 1808, went to Washington, Ct. 
commenced the study of theology with Dr. 
E. Peters — date of his license to preach 
not known ; was preaching in the neigh- 
borhood of .Washington in Dec. 1809; 
preached in St. Albans several months. 
He was first settled over the church in the 
center of his native town, being ordained 
and installed in May, 181 2; dismissed in 
1828; Jan. 1829, installed pastor in the 
north part of the town; dismissed in 1837, 
and soon after removed to Berlin. He 
was installed here Oct. 1837, and pastor 
till his death, Dec. 25, 1854. He was a 
diligent student of the Bible, his preach- 
ing eminently biblical. He presented the 
great central truths, the deep things of 
God, with great simplicity and godly sin- 
cerity. Though his speech and preach- 
ing was not with enticing words of man's 
wisdom , he always knew his people as it is 
not common for a pastor to know them, 
and tried to lead them in the "green pas- 
tures and beside the still waters " of godly 
living and doing, while they were hardly 
conscious how much they were indebted to 
him. During the 7 years of his labors in 
N. Hartford the admissions to the church 
were 95, and when he left, the parish was 



believed to be without a parallel in the 
State for the large number of professing 
Christians it contained in proportion to its 
population. 

The more public religious enterprises 
also received from him a most hearty sup- 
port. He was a delegate to the general 
convention of Vermont in 1813, and it is 
said that not more than one minister in 
the State attended so many meetings of 
that body during the next 41 years. No 
one was more thoroughly acquainted with 
the religious history of the State during 
that period. 

For many years previous to his death he 
was one of the directors of the Domestic 
Missionary, Bible and Colonization Soci- 
eties, and in all places to which duty called 
him, he was always promptly in his place, 
and ready at all times to perform his own 
part with intelligence and propriety. But 
the beauty of his Christian character shone 
most in his own family and within the 
circle of his more intimate friends. He 
rarely spoke to his children on the subject 
of religion, yet his life taught them un- 
mistakably their duty, and the excellency 
of the religion which he was anxious they 
should experience in their own hearts. 
His exercises at family worship command- 
ed attention, and produced impressions, 
breathing forth the earnest, desire of the 
heart that his might be a household of 
faith. Mr. Hazen was twice married. His 
first wife, Frances Mary, daughter of Hon. 
Israel P. Dana, of Danville, left two chil- 
dren. Sophia Dana, who was educated at 
Ipswich and the Mt. Holyoke Female Sem- 
inary, where she was many years a teacher, 
in 185 1, became connected with the Nes- 
torian Mission of the A. B. C. F. M. as 
the wife of the lamentied Missionary Stod- 
dard ; is now the wife of Dea. Wm. H. 
Stoddard, of Northampton, Mass. 

Allen, who was graduated at Dart- 
mouth College in 1842, at Andover The- 
ological Seminary in. 1845, and has been 
connected with the Marathi Mission of the 
A. B. C. F. M. in Western India since 
1846. 

His second marriage was with Lucia, 
daughter of Rev. Azel Washburn, of Roy- 



BERLIN. 



67 



alton. She had 7 children. Austin, who 
was graduated at theVt. Uv. in 1855, and 
at Andover Theological Seminary in 1859, 
is now (1881) pastor of the Congregational 
church at [ericho Center. 

Wm. Skinner, who was graduated at 
theVt. Uv.in 1858; And. Theo. Sem. in 
1863; now pastor of the Congregational 
church in Northfield. 

Lucia Washburn, who died in 1854, in 
the 1 6th year of her age. 

AzEL Washburn, who was graduated at 
Dartmouth College in 1863, at And. Theo. 
Sem. 1868 ; now pastor of the first Congre- 
gational church in Middletown, Ct. 

Frances Mary, who was graduated at 
the Mt. Holyoke Fern. Sem. in 1863, and 
is one of the teachers in that institution. 

Lucius Randolph, who was graduated 
at Dartmouth College in 1870, now in 
business in Middletown, Ct. 

Susan, who died in infancy, 1873. 

METHODIST CHURCH. 
BY MltS. C. F. DKWET. 

Methodism was first introduced into 
Berlin about the year 1830. At this time 
Berlin was included in the Brookfield cir- 
cuit, then in the N. H. Conference. Elisha 
Scott being in 1831, preacher in charge of 
Brookfield, Northfield and Berlin. The 
early history of the church previous to 
1843, is not as full as may be desired, ow- 
ing to the first records being lost or de- 
stroyed. The first account we find is in 
1843; J. C. Dow being then Presiding 
- Elder of Montpelier District and John 
Perrin preacher, and so far as is shown by 
records, the first minister stationed at Ber- 
lin : we find also that James Currier, Al- 
mon Poor, Eleazer Loomis and Jacob 
Flanders were stewards, and Elisha Covell, 
Moses Strong, and D. A. P. Nye were 
class-leaders. The preacher gave an ac- 
count of the united feeling among the 
members then numbering 85, and the Sun- 
day school was well attended and prosper- 
ous. It was at this time connected with 
Barre charge and so continued till 1856, 
having considerable spiritual prosperity. 



In 1837, the society built a chapel a lit- 
tle south of the cemetery, and in 1844 it 
was moved to its present location near the 
Congregational church, when it was re- 
paired and enlarged. The society built a 
parsonage at Berlin Corner in 1847 ; cost 
$583.51. In West Berlin a class was 
formed in 1832, Isaac Preston and David 
Dudley being among the members. This 
class held their church relation at North- 
field till the year 1855, when through the 
labors of H. K. Cobb, (then preaching at 
Berlin) there were numerous conversions 
in West Beilin. In Dec. 1856, a church 
was organized by the election of Amos 
Chase, W. D Stone, Asbury Sanders and 
Isaac Preston as stewards. 

Preaching was supported one-half the 
time in connection — both places being 
supplied by J. House for 2 years, A. Hay- 
ward and J. W. Hale each one year — until 
1 861, when It was voted that Berlin and 
West Berlin be separate stations. From 
that time until 1868, the church at Berlin 
Corner was supplied by Elisha Brown, lo- 
cal preacher, but from various causes, 
deaths and removals being the principal, 
its prosperity declined. In 1868, it sup- 
ported preaching one-half the time ; A. B. 
Hopkins supplying both churches for that 
year ; since that time services have been 
held only occasionally at that place. 

In 1857, the Methodists of West Berlin 
united with the Congregationalists and 
Baptists in building a union church which 
they occupied a part of each year until 
1870, when the Methodists concluded to 
build a church for their own use. The 
subject was first agitated in April, 1870, 
and about $700 raised ; first work, grading 
and laying corner-stone, done May 5th ; 
May 7th, first stick of timber cut; house 
completed July 14th ; dedicated July 15th, 
free from debt, without help of Confer- 
ence ; dedication sermon by Rev. S. Hol- 
man from Montpelier. From this time 
one Sabbath service, Sunday school, class 
and prayer-meetings have been regularly 
sustained and steady spiritual interest man- 
ifested. Sabbath school numbered 74 in 
1878; average attendance 37; books in 
library 250. 



68 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



BERLIN ROLL OF HONOR FOR 1814. 

Natnes of men thai wait to Plattsburgh. 
Jacob Flanders, Zelotus Scott, Samuel 
Hubbard, Stephen Wright. Mr. Tiliston, 
Ensign, Jeremiah Culver, Jeremiah Good- 
hue, Josiah Benjamin, Ebenezer Bailey. 
Samuel Currier, Abraham Townsend Cyrus 
Johnson, Captain, Roger Buckley, Ord. 
Sergt., James Perley. Capt. Taylor, Eliada 
Brown, James Smith, Richard Smith. 
Alanson Wright. John Stewart, ist Lieut., 
E. M. Dole, Samuel Perley, Moses H. 
Sawyer, Asa Dodge. 

BERLIN VOLUNTEERS IN THK WAR OF 1861 . 

Samuel P. Atwood, Charles Bailey, Joel 
O. Bailey, William R. Bean, Peter Bres- 
sette, Chester Brown, Eliphalet E. Bryant. 
Charles N. Cilley, James M. D. Cilley, 
Benjamin F. Clark. Smith Clark. John B. 
Crandall, Richard B. Crandall, Jessie D. 
Cummings, John P. Davenport, Lorenzo 
Dow, William H. Dow, Wm. S. George, 
Charles B. Green, Lucius D. Hadlock, 
Charles Hanan, Ira'L. Hanan, Charles C. 
Hartwell, Stillman A. Hatch, George S. 
Hayden, Obadiah W. Hill, John F. Huse, 
Henry F. Johnson, Nathan C. Kibbey, 
Josiah Lathrop. George Lawrence, Leon- 
ard Lawrence, William LeRock, Cornelius 
Nye, John F. Phelps. James F. Randall. 
Alfred M. Reed, Andrew J. Reed, Carlos 
H. Rich. Harlon P. Sargent, Carlisle Saun- 
ders, Joseph Slattery, Charles Smith, 
Franklin I. Southwick, Stephen G. Stew- 
art, Daniel H. Stickney, Horace M. Stick- 
ney, W^m. O. Stickney, Edward P. Stone, 
Joshua Wade. John Burke. Jesse Cayhue, 
Albert Darling, Andrew J. Davis, Francis 
Emerson. Bartholomew Fenton, Frederick 
Gale, Calvin W. Greenleaf, John C. Hack- 
ett, Paschal Hatch, Simeon Hatch, Wil- 
bur E. Henry, William O. Horton, Edso 
W. Howden, Charles Jandreau. Jeremiah 
Kelley, Franklin Labarron. John McCarty, 
Chas. McGlatlin, Francis Minor, Chas. D. 
Naylor, Chas. W. Nichols, Wm. B. Perrin, 
George Shattuck, David K. Stone. John 
W. Taylor, Henry C. Varnum, Alfred 
Whitney, Lucius J. Goodwin. Aaron Row- 
ell, William Yatta, Samuel W. Andnis, 
Alson H. Braley, Don B. Cilley, Peter 



Gravelin, Elijah N. Hadlock, Hubbard E. 
Hadlock. Timothy Hanbrooks, Wm. H. 
Hunt. Edwin Jone^, A. M. Reed, Frank 
Wheelock, George S. Lawrence, Barney 
McCarron. John W. Parmenter, Henry E. 
Preston, Hiram W. Scribner. George L. 
Wade, Lewis Bumblebee. Lorenzo Dow, 
Guy M. Reed, Charles B. Graen. Wm. A. 
Phillips. Carlos H. Rich, Eli M. Robbins, 
Charles Smith, Jabez Alexander. John H. 
Bartlett, Jedediah Carpenter, Stephen R. 
Colby, Elbridge G. Fisk, David Rollins. 

VOLUNTEERS FOR NINE MONTHS. 

Henry R. Austin, George C. Bailey, 
Merrill J. Bailey, Jerome E. Ballou. Hora- 
tio G. Beebe, S. Webster Benjamin, 
Wm. Blair, Winslow L. Blanchard, Don 

B. Cilley, Clark D. Cressey, John K. Cross, 
Samuel Crozier, Abraham Lezer, Oliver 
Luciere, David A. Marble, Henry A. Miles, 
George S. Robinson, Gardner P. Rowell, 
Reuben Rowley, George Shattuck, David 

C. Silloway. Joseph B. Silloway, Rollin D. 
Stewart, Willis P. Stewart, Arthur W. 
Taylor, Alfred B. Thompson, William W. 
Willey. Drafted and served his time. 
Nelson W. Chase. 

The remains of the 5 soldiers mentioned 
below repose in the Cemetery at Berlin 
Corner : 

Major Richard B. Crandall, of 
Berlin, was killed in action at Cold Har- 
bor, Va., June 7, 1864. Richard Bailey 
Crandall, born in Berlin, a student in 
Dartmouth College one year, when he en- 
listed in the 6th Regiment, and went out 
under Col. Lord as Adjutant, was Captain 
of Co. K. some time. Re-enlisted and was 
promoted to iMajor. His age was 26 years 
7 months. 

Daniel K. Sticknev, a private in Co. 

D. 2d Reg'mt, was a prisoner in Libby 
prison over 6 months ; from effect of treat- 
ment received while there, died April 7, 
1863, age 18 y'rs, 6 mos. 

George Martin, son of Ira Andrews, 
a vcJlunteer, private in Co. E. 17th Reg'mt 
was wounded in the arm which was ampu- 
tated, but did not heal and caused death 
in Sloan Hospital, July, 1S64, age ig years 
5 months. 



BERLIN. 



69 



Jesse D. Cummings and Cornelius 
Nye, killed in action, were buried on the 
field. 

John P. Davenport enlisted early in 
the war of the Rebellion, and becoming 
enfeebled from hardship and exposure, was 
discharged, came home, and died April, 
1863, age 23. 

Tell my IVieiids tlie story 
Wlien I sleep beneath the sod. 

That I died to save my country. 
All from love for It and God. 

HON. D. P. THOMPSON. 

BY D. F. WIIEATON, OF BAHUK. 

Daniel Pierce Thompson, son of Daniel 
and Rebeckah Thompson, was born in 
Charlestown, Mass., Oct. i, 1795, and em- 
igrated with his father to Berlin in 1800; 
and here he passed his boyhood days, on 
his father's farm, following the routine of a 
farmer boy's life. But his desire was for 
books, the fishing-rod and his gun, and he 
left the farm in early manhood, without 
means, but determined to possess an ed- 
ucation, and by his own efforts succeeded. 
He pursued his studies in Randolph and 
Danville, this State, and entered Middle- 
bury College in 18 16; graduated in 1820; 
went to Virginia, and engaged in teaching 
several years ; studied law while there ; 
was admitted to the bar of that State, and 
returning to Vermont, commenced to 
practice at Montpelier, where he resided 
till his death. He married Miss Eunice 
Robinson of Troy, Vt., had 5 children, 
three of whom and his widow are still liv- 
ing. He engaged in his profession but a 
short time, being soon chosen the Register 
of Probate for Washington County, which 
office, together with that of Clerk of the 
House of Representatives, he held for sev- 
eral years, and then was appointed Clerk 
of the County and Supreme Courts, and 
soon after was chosen Judge of Probate. 
He was elected Secretary of State, and 
held the office until 1855. He was editor 
of "The Green Mountain Freeman" from 
1849 to 1856, and eminently successful 
in making an interesting and entertaining 
newspaper. 

In politics, originally a Democrat, he 
early ]:)ecame identified with the old Lib- 



erty party, and after that party was dis- 
banded, became a supporter of the Re- 
publican party. It was not as a public 
officer, however, but as a writer, that his 
name will be most widely known and cher- 
ished. He was the only popular novelist 
Vermont has ever produced. During his 
whole life he devoted much time to the in- 
cidents of the early history of the State. 
He loved to embody in his writings such 
reminiscences as he was able to gather 
from the records and the recollections of 
old men. A lover of stories and tradi- 
tions, it was his habit to convene with the 
old people, and listen to the quaint narra- 
tives they loved to tell. 

A devotee of the piscatorial art, he 
would take jaunts about the county with 
his fishing-rod, and was familiar with every 
trout brook and pond for miles around, 
and almost rivalled Izaak Walton of old in 
his passion for fishing, and in the success 
that attended his hook, in the long string 
of trout he bore home in triumph. 

Often stopping at some wayside farm- 
house, he would spend hours- with some of 
the old settlers, garulous of the early 
scenes and times in the history of our 
State. The fame of many of the founders 
of the State is greatly indebted to his pen 
and the industry and enthusiasm with 
which he collected and placed before the 
people incidents that otherwise would have 
been forgotten long ago. Besides news- 
paper and magazine articles, his first work 
was "May Martin, or The Money Dig- 
gers"; published in book form in 1835. 
It was written in successful competition 
for a prize offered by one of the Boston 
journals. In 1840, "The Green Moun- 
tain Boys" appeared — a historical tale, 
containing some of the chief incidents of 
the history of the State, and introducing 
the leading characters of that period. 
Then followed "Locke Amsden, or the 
School-master," written with a view to the 
reformation of the school system of that 
time ; " The Rangers, or the Tory's Daugh- 
ter," published in 185 1, illustrative of the 
early history of the State, and gives an 
interesting account of the Battle of Ben- 
nington, and incidents connected with the 



70 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



northern campaign of 1777. In 1852, he 
issued " Tales of the Green IV^ountains " ; 
in 1857, " Gaut Gurley, or the Trappers 
of the Umbago " ; in i860, "The Doomed 
Chief, or Two Hundred Years Ago " ; 
which contains an interesting account of 
the brave, but unfortunate. King Philip, of 
Mount Hope ; " Centeola " and a History 
of Montpelier close the list of his books. 

Most of his works have passed through 
numerous editions ; May Martin and the 
Green Mountain Boys as many as fifty, 
and have been re-published in England, 
and some of his scenes have been dram- 
atized. His prolific pen also joroduced 
many other less pretentious stories and ar- 
ticles deservedly popular. His novels, 
rich in historical facts, are \yritten in a 
graphic, natural language and entertain- 
ing style, and he has done much to fa- 
miliarize our State history. 

The last few years of his life he suffered 
ill health from partial strokes of paralysis, 
which were but precursors of the final at- 
tack, which proved fatal June 6, 1868. By 
his death a pen rich in historic incidents 
and scenes was laid aside forever ; but his 
name will long be associated with the his- 
tory of our State through his works. 

He was frank and pleasant in his deal- 
ings with his fellow-men ; lenient almost 
to a fault, unpretending in dress, and genial 
as a friend and companion. 

THE GREAT WOLF HUNT ON IRISH HILL. 

BEULIN IN EAHLY TIMES. 

The way the settlers met and overcame 
the wild animals is well described in the 
following story by the late Hon. D. P. 
Thompson, and printed in the Montpelier 
ylrgus and Pat7-iot in 1867, of " The Great 
Wolf Hunt on Irish Hill in Early Time." 

One Saturday night, about dark, in the 
month of February, 1803, a smart resolute 
boy, who was then eleven years old, w'ho 
is still alive and one of the most honored 
citizens of Montpelier, Hon. Daniel Bald- 
win, and who had been boarding out to 
attend the district school on the lower part 
of Dog river, started on foot and alone to 
go to the house of Israel Dewey, his broth- 
er-in-law, three or four miles up the river, 
over a road leading mainly tlirougb a dense 
forest, to his destination near the borders 



of Northfield. Not anticipating the' least 
difficulty in accomplishing his undertaking, 
he pushed confidently forward till he 
reached the log-cabin of old Mr. Seth 
Johnson, which was the last house on his 
way before entering the long woods sepa- 
rating the lower settlements from those in 
the vicinity of Northfield Falls whither he 
was bound. As he came up Mr. Johnson, 
who was in the yard, on learning his des- 
tination, ominously shook his head, and 
said, "Daniel, you must not try to go 
through the long woods to your sister's to- 
night, for the varmints will catch you." But 
the boy not frightened by the warning, 
was for going on, when Mrs. Johnson came 
out and interposed by " Now, Seth John- 
son, if that boy will go, you must go with 
him, or the varmints will certainly have 
him ; have been prowling in the woods 
every night for a week." Well, I would go 
if I could not do better by him, but I can 
contrive to furnish him with a better safe- 
guard than my company will afford," re- 
turned the husband. " Daniel, you hold 
on a minute and I will show you." So, 
saying, he ran into the house and brought 
the firebrand of a stout sapling club, with 
one end well on fire, and putting it into 
the boy's hand, said to him, " There, take 
that and begin now to swing it enough to 
keep it alive, and if the savage brutes be- 
set you on your way swing it round you 
like fury and run the gauntlet, and I'll 
warrant they won't dare to touch you." 

The boy who had been a little staggered 
by what he had heard, now, however, as 
he was armed with the efficacious fire- 
brand, as he was told it would prove, again 
went fearlessly forward. But the events 
of the next half hour were destined to 
change his feelings of confidence into those 
of lively apprehension, for he had not gone 
more than half-a-mile after entering the 
woods, before his ears were greeted by a 
long shrill howl rising from the forest a 
short distance to his left, bringing the un- 
welcome conviction to his 'startled mind of 
the near vicinity of one at least of the wild 
beasts against which he had been warned, 
the terrible wolf. And to add to his dis- 
may, the howl he had heard was almost 
instantly answered by a dozen responsive 
howls from various points more or less 
distant, on the wooded sides of Irish Hill, 
which rose immediately from Dog river on 
the east ; while these ominous sounds, 
growing louder and more distinct every 
moment, very plainly indicated a very 
large troop of these savage brutes were 
rapidly closing in on his path with a pur- 
pose of which he trembled to think. Be- 
lieving it would be as dangerous for him 
to retreat as advance, he cjuickened his 



BERLIN. 



71 



walk into a run, and commenced swinging 
his firebrand as he went, hoping thus to 
get through the woods before the gang 
would beset his path. But he soon found 
that neither his speed nor his firebrand 
were sufficient to ensure him against the 
threatened danger. He had not gone an- 
other half-mile before a fierce and hungry 
yinvl, issuing from a dark flitting figure in 
the road a few steps in advance brought 
him to a stand. He recoiled from the 
frightful cry and began to retreat, but his 
steps were quickly arrested by another 
fierce jK^;7i//, apprising him that the enemy 
were in possession of the road behind as 
well as before him, while out there on his 
left, out here on his right and everywhere 
around, rose in full chorus the same shrill, 
eager, hungry yowl; yowl; yowl for his 
blood. Having become perfectly desperate 
under these apiJRlling surroundings, which 
plainly told him that a struggle for his life 
was now at hand, he made a wild rush 
forward, swinging his firebrand around him 
with all his might, and uttering a fierce 
yell at every bound both to keep up his 
own courage and frighten away the wolves 
which were keeping pace with him, gallop- 
ing along on each side of his path, or leap- 
ing into the road behind and before him, 
besetting him so closely and with such 
boldness and determination, that it often 
required an actual contact of the firebrand 
with their noses to make them yield the 
way for his advance. And thus for the 
next half mile he ran the fearful gauntlet 
through this terrible troop of infuriated 
brutes till almost dead with fright and 
exhaustion, he at length reached the home 
of Israel Dewey his brother-in-law, with 
joy and gratitude for his preservation from 
a terrible death which no words could 
describe. 

This event, whifh of itself was suf- 
ficiently romantic and thrilling to deserve 
a place among the striking incidents of the 
early settlements, was the more note- 
worthy on account of the memorable affair 
to which it directly and almost immediately 
led, the great wolf hunt on Irish Hill ia 
the winter of 1803. 

Up to that time it was not known with 
any certainty that there were wolves in 
this section of the country. Several set- 
tlers in the vicinity of the extensive moun- 
tain forest called Irish Hill, had lost sheep ; 
whether they were killed by bears, cata- 
mounts, or wolves was a matter of conjec- 
ture ; but the boy's perilous adventure 
which spread rapidly among the nearest 
settlements and was implicitly believed at 
once, established the fact in the minds 
of all that there was really a gang of 
wolves in the vicinity, and Irish Hill was 



probably their chief rendezvous. The 
settlers one and all eagerly expressed their 
wish to join in a hunt for the extermina- 
tion of the destructive animals. 

A rally was made on the following Tues- 
day, but not extensive enough to form a 
ring around any large portion of the for- 
est where the wolves were supposed to be 
lurking. Having assembled at Berlin 
meeting house, they, however, marched 
into the woods and shot two wolves, when 
they postponed further operations till the 
following Saturday, when a grand hunt 
was proposed in which all the settlers from 
the adjoining towns within 20 miles were to 
be invited to partictpate, what they had done 
being considered merely a reconnoisance. 
Early Saturday morning, the well-armed 
settlers, having ambitiously responded to 
the call, gathered at the house of Abel 
Kpapp, Esq., the town clerk, living very 
near what was then termed Berlin Center 
meeting-house. 

The assembled forces numbering 400 or 
500 then formed themselves into two equal 
divisions, and chose leaders or captains 
for each, with a general officer to remain 
at the starting point and give out the order 
or signal cries to be passed round the 
ring proposed to be formed. The two 
captains then led off" their respective divis- 
ins, one to the south, along the borders of 
the woods, and the other to the west for a 
short distance and then south, each leav- 
ing a man every 50 or 60 rods, to keep his 
station till ordered to march inward, when 
the ring was completed. After waiting 
two hours or more to give time for the 
divisions to station their men so as to form 
an extended ring round the forest proposed 
to be enclosed, the word was given out by 
the general officer, " Prepare to march.'''' 
This was uttered in a loud cry at the start- 
ing point, and repeated by the next man 
left stationed to the south, and soon, if the 
ring had been perfected by every man, 
round the ring. As had been expected, 
the sound of this watchword gradually 
grew fainter and fainter in the distance, 
and then ceased to be heard at all. Then 
followed a moment of anxious waiting 
with those at the starting point, for if the 
watchword was not soon approaching from 
the west it would show the ring not per- 
fected, and all success in enclosing the 
reputed wolves a hopeless affair. But they 
had not long to wait. In a short time a 
faint sound was heard on the west side of 
the ring which grew louder and louder 
till it reached the starting point in full tone. 
All was now animation and expectancy on 
this part of the ring, and almost instantly 
the next watchword '' tnarch " rang through 
the forest, and eaeh man, as he repeated 



n 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



it, advanced rapidly into the interior of 
the ring a quarter of a mile as near as he 
could judge, and then commanded the 
"halt" as agreed at the outset. This 
word was promptly sent onward and re- 
turned like the others, when another com- 
mand to march was uttered, and all again 
advanced towards the supposed center ot 
the ring. And thus rapidly succeeded 
the watchwords march and halt, till the 
ring was so nearly closed that it was seen 
and announced that there were enclosed 
several wolves, in the same, which ran gal- 
loping round the centre, as if looking for 
a chance to escape through the ring, now 
become a continuous line of men. But 
the frightened animals could find no out- 
lets, and were shot down with every at- 
tempt to escape. Two wolves and a fox 
or two were killed in this way, but by this 
time bullets flew so thickly across the ring 
that it was seen that some change of plan 
must be made, else as many men as wolves 
might be killed. By common consent at 
this crisis the late Thomas Davis, a well- 
known marksman and a man of steady 
nerve was requested to go inside thering 
and shoot the wolves. This he did, and ac- 
complished all that was expected of him. 
He shot Ave wolves and endangered no 
man. The whole number of the victims 
of the hunt were then found to be seven 
wolves and ten foxes. The company then 
took otf the scalps of the wolves and took 
up their line of march for the house of the 
town clerk, where bounties for the slain 
wolves were to be allowed and of the avails 
some disposition made. It was announced 
that money to the value adequate had been 
advanced sufficient to pay for a supper for 
the whole company. These arrangements 
were soon effected and while the supper 
was being cooked a keg of rum was opened 
and distributed, which being taken in their 
exhausted condition, on empty stomachs, 
thus upset a large number who were never 
so upset before that it was said that Esquire 
Knapp's haymow that night lodged a larger 
number of disabled men than were ever 
before or since collected in Washington 
County. 

Thus was ended the great Wolf Hunt 
on Irish Hill in 1803, which was the means 
of routing every wolf from this region ot 
Vermont, and from that time to the pres- 
ent day at least none have been known-" 

D. p. T. 

MONTPFXIER, July 12, 188 1. 
The above is certified to, 78 years after 
by the actor in the scene, as substantially 
true. Daniel Baldwin. 



BERLIN POND AND BENJAMIN'S FALLS. 

Upon the highlands of the town of Ber- 
lin, at a distance of four or five miles from 
the capital of the State, and at an eleva- 
tion of little less than 400 feet above the 
same, lies a beautiful body of water — 
Berlin Pond ; about 2 miles in length, nar- 
rowing into a width of 50 feet at two- 
thirds of the distance from the head, giv- 
ing the wider parts the designation of the 
ui^per and lower pond. The water is clear 
and soft, and when unmoved, reflects the 
entire margin of hill-sides, farm and forest, 
while the sky and clouds above seem to 
have lazily lain down upon its bosom till 
well might these be called Mirror lakes. 
Berlin pond, or ponds h^ve long been a 
resort of fishing parties, and of late, a 
growing taste for rural scenes and camp- 
life, induces longer stay, and during the 
warmer summer months it is not uncom- 
mon now for families from neighboring 
towns to pitch here their tents and set up a 
system of co-operative housekeeping that 
succeeds, during which sojourn religious 
services are held on Sundays in the open 
air. or, if rainy, in some one of the larger 
tents. 

If always " a thing of beauty," the pond 
has not always been " a thing of joy." At 
times it has shown a greed of human life, 
and helped to fill the cup of sorrow — en- 
gulfing once a bright and promising boy, 
the only son of parents dwelling on its bor- 
der, and from the shadowy forest of the 
eastern shore there ortce came whisperings 
of foul treachery and homicide. But these 
events were of the past — never to be re- 
peated, let us hope. 

The village of the town is situated at 
the lower and northern extremity of the 
pond, and here is a fall with a good water- 
power which has long been utilized. From 
this outlet the stream runs in a circuitous 
route some over a mile, falling 19 feet, and 
furnishing two other water-powers on its 
way, thence rushing on more rapidly, as 
if tired of slow work, and eager for frolic, 
seeks the woods and at once away from 
observation and restraint, its wild race be- 
gins, and in less than 300 feet it falls in 
one leap after another, 274 feet. The first 



BERLIN. 



73 



of these leaps 50 feet in an angle of 65 de- 
grees. The second about 6 rods below, 
falling 30 feet perpendicularly; and 18 
I'ods farther on is the third falls of 130 feet 
at an angle of 30 degrees. Thus far so 
completely hidden are Benjamin's Falls, 
known by the name of the owner of the 
land through which the stream runs — that 
perhaps most people in their vicinity have 
never seen this beautiful freak of nature's. 
But though long unknown and unvisited 
through the warm season, of late, parties 
one or more, may often be found spending 
the day here. Cool, sheltered, and for a 
wonder is not damp, nothing can be more 
delightful than to sit under the trees and 
watch the caprices of the rushing, roaring 
torrent. The maples and birches crowd 
close to its edge, laving their roots in its 
waters and throwing their arms out over 
it, the tall evergreens stand like sentinels 
around, and soft mosses and delicate ferns 
cushion and fringe its banks save where 
the sharp rocks jut out as a stronger bul- 
wark of protection. A party at one time 
visiting the falls after a long and heavy 
rain beheld in a nook at one side of the 
perpendicular fall, which the excess of 
water had completely filled, float a mass 
of foam in the form of the lower half of a 
perfect cone, 4 or 5 feet in diameter, of the 
purest white at the base, and gradually 
gaining color until crowned by the amber 
of the daintiest merschaum, while in a 
broader, but shallower pool a few rods be- 
low was the image of a huge ram, tossing 
and struggling to extricate himself from 
the watery element. 

Long ago this wild frolicsome power was 
seized for the service of the early settlers. 
At the foot of the first fall was the first saw- 
mill, and at the foot of the second the first 
grist-mill erected in the county. Whether 
the ascent to the mills on the one side was 
too steep, or the descent on the other too 
difficult, or whether it came to be thought 
of mills as it did of churches — better to 
put them in the valleys than on the hill- 
top, we may not now know, but standing 
on the ground and seeing left only the 
foundation walls and the millstone lying 
in the stream below, one questions whether 



the stream itself had not something to do 
in their abandonment, this turbulent, wil- 
ful thing, so fascinating in its beauty, so 
destructive in its power ; now abating 
somewhat of its violence, turning aside 
here and there into little nooks, coquetting 
with the fallen trunks of trees, then back 
again over the smaller rocks in its bed, 
giving, as it emerges from the shelter of 
the woods, a tithe of its i^ower to turn the 
wheel of a little mill — thus " working out 
its highway tax," and then after one short, 
sharp and final plunge, gracefully yielding 
to the inevitable, making its way through 
the fertile meadows, passes quietly into the 
waters of the Winooski. 

HENRY LUTHER STUART, ESQ., 

died Sept. 17, 1879, ^t Athens, Ga., the 
day being his 64th birthday. He was born 
at Berlin, in this State, and after studying 
medicine, law and engineering, he went 
to New York in 1843, where he became 
known in connection with the first efforts 
to lay an Atlantic cable, and also as the 
designer of the model on which the public 
schools are still built. He was also the 
first to introduce the piano into these insti- 
tutions. He aided in founding the Five 
Points Mission in 1851, and was later in- 
strumental in causing the establishment of 
the Normal College. He was an old friend 
of Horace Greeley. He devoted his whole 
life to the public service, and the Woman's 
Hospital of New York State and the Eclec- 
tic Medical College are, in a measure, in- 
debted to him for their foundation. He 
was also much interested in the progress 
of experiments with torpedoes as a means 
of coast defence. His visit to Georgia was 
undertaken in connection with the honors 
lately paid there to Dr. Long, whose name 
is well known in connection with the his- 
tory of am^sthetics. His death was caused 
by paralysis. — Burlington Free Press. 

HON. CHARLES BULKLEY, 

a native of Colchester, Ct., came to Berlin 
previous to 1800, and settled near the red 
arch bridge. He was a prominent lawyer, 
his office being in Montpelier. He was 
Judge of Probate for Orange County Court 
in 1800 and 1801, and chief judge of Wash- 



74 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



ington County on its organization in 1813, 
and representative for Berlin in the State 
Legislature in 1818. He was an able man, 
a good citizen and an earnest and efficient 
member of the Congregational church here 
in its early days, and at his death was the 
oldest member of the bar in this County. 
He died April, 1836, age 72 years. We 
were late in finding the data for this no- 
tice, or it would have appeared among the 
early settlers previously noticed. 

George Fowler, an old, early settler of 
this town, used to hunt with Capt. Joe, 
Indian. 

PUBLIC MONEY JUDICIOUSLY EXPENDED. 

Previous to the great flood in Oct. 18 — , 
Berlin street, leading east from the red 
arch bridge, was anything but a pleasant 
place to live in, being low, and in spring 
a complete slough, and the houses old 
tumble-down affairs. The water having 
washed out part of the street, the town in- 
vested $1800 in filling and grading about 
h. mile, and 2 years later, nearly as much 
more. The improvement seemed catch- 
ing. The inhabitants took the idea, and 
almost every house is newly covered ; new 
ones have been built, a new street laid out 
with additional buildings, and now, 188 1, 
it is not only a pleasant place in which to 
live, but one of the pleasant drives near 
Montpelier. 

STEVENS BRANCH. 

When the first settlers in this vicinity 
visited the lower part of this stream they 
found upon its banks near the mouth a 
hunters cabin, and in the cabin the body 
of a man far gone in the process of decay. 
He had evidently died alone and unat- 
tended. They carefully buried the body 
as well as circumstances would admit. It 
was afterwards ascertained that he came 
from Corinth, and his name was Stevens. 
Hence, the name "Stevens Branch." It 
is said that on account of disappointment 
in a love affair he left society and took to 
the forest. 

DOG RIVER 

received its name in consequence of a 
hunter by the name of Martin, losing his 



favorite dog in the following manner : He 
set his gun at night near his camp for the 
purpose of shooting a bear. During the 
night he heard the report of the gun, and 
called his dog to ascertain the results, 
but failing to find him he waited till morn- 
ing, when he found the dog was the victim. 
He threw the dog into the stream, saying 
' ' this stream shall be called Dog River." 



CABOT. 

BY JOHN M. FISHER. 

Cabot is situated in the N. E. part of 
Washington Co. ; lat. 40°, 23'; long. 4°, 
42' ; 6 miles square ; bounded N. by Wal- 
den and Danville, E. by Danville and 
Peacham, S. by Marshfield, and W. by 
Woodbury, and lies 21 miles easterly from 
Montpelier. It was granted Nov. 6, 1780; 
chartered by Vermont to Jesse Leven- 
worth and 65 others, Aug. 17, 1781 ; but 
not surveyed and lotted till 1786. The 
survey was made by Cabot, of Con- 
necticut, and James Whitelaw. Thomas 
Lyford, whose father was one of the first 
settlers, being at that time a young man, 
18 years of age, worked with them through 
the survey. In the extreme west part of 
the town Mr. Cabot broke the glass in his 
compass, and was obliged to go through 
the wilderness to the nearest house about 
6 miles away, and take a square of glass 
out of the window to replace it. 

The names of the grantees were not en- 
tered upon the town records, and it can- 
not be determined with certainty who of 
those ever settled in town. By what we 
can gather from the original plan of the 
town, it appears very few of them ever 
made this town their home. 

The township was lotted by James 
Whitelaw, and a field-book written out by 
him September, 1786, contains the num- 
ber of each lot and full description of the 
same, measurement, etc., closing each 
with a statement of what in his judgment 
the land is adapted to, whether pasture or 
general farming. There were 12 lots in 
each division, and 6 divisions, making 72 
lots in town. The fir.st meetino; of the 



CABOT. 



75 



proprietors was warned by Alexander Har- 
vey, justice of the peace, 

To meet at the house of Jonathan Elkins, 
in Peacham, County of Orange, on the 2d 
Monday in June, 1786, to transact the fol- 
lowing business, viz. : ist, to choose a 
moderator to govern said meeting ; 2d, to 
choose a clerk ; 3d, to agree what they will 
do respecting the settlers in said town, 
and to see what encouragement they will 
give to settlers ; 4th, to lay a tax to de- 
fray the expense of surveying and lotting 
said town. 

o 

At this meeting, Jonathan Elkins was 
chosen moderator, and Jesse Levenworth, 
clerk. 

Meetings were adjourned from time to 
time. November 3, 1786, they met at the 
house of Thomas Chittenden, in Arling- 
ton, and the survey being completed and 
presented to the meeting, it was 

Voted that Giles Chittenden and Tru- 
man Chittenden, being indifferent per- 
sons, be a committee to draw the lots, 

which being done by them in the presence 
of the meeting as the law directs, was as 
follows : 

k Jesse Levenworth, lot No. 5 ; Jesse Lev- 
enworth, 55; Mark Levenworth, 10; Wil- 
liam Levenworth, i ; Evans Munson, 57 ; 
Isaac Doolittle, 64; Robert Fairchild, 19; 
Ebenezer Crafts, 14; Timothy Newel, 72; 
James Lane, 66; Elias Townsend, 28; 
William Holmes, 18; Richard Mansfield, 
70 ; Nathan Levenworth, 15 ; Moses Baker, 
20 ; Jas. Whitelaw, 7 ; Philander Harvey, 
65; David Bryant, 51; Frederick Leven- 
worth, 53; Jonathan Heath, 33; Eames 
Johnson, 45 ; Thomas Lyford, 21 ; Edmund 
Chapman, 50 ; Benjamin Webster, 40 ; 
David Blanchard, 56 ; Jonathan Elkins, 
26; Jonathan Elkins, Jr., 42; William 
Chamberlin, 60 ; Ephraim Foster, 44 ; 
Abel Blanchard, 58 ; Benjamin Ambrose, 
34 ; Minister, 62 ; Minister, 63 ; Grammar 
School, 69 ; College, 3 ; William Douglas, 
49 ; Asa Douglas, 1 1 ; John Douglas, 22 ; 
Alson Douglas, 68; Beriah Palmer, 17; 
Martha Douglas, 13 ; Ebenezer Jones, 67 ; 
Jesse Gardner, 41 ; Mary Andrus, 47 ; 
William Douglas, 52 ; Content Douglas, 
46; Asa Douglas, Jr., 12 ; Zebulon Doug- 
las, 48; Lyman Hitchcock, 54; Nathaniel 



Wales, 36 ; Saphiah Hitchcock, 2 ; John 
Batchelder, 32; Eliphalet Richards, 29; 
Jonathan Pettet, 30 ; Matthew Watson, 
38; Ezekiel Tiffany, 43; Abel Blanchard, 
39 ; Peter Blanchard, 27 ; Reuben Blanch- 
ard, 35; Jason Cross, 16; Solomon John- 
son, 9 ; Robert Hains, 61 ; Samuel Russell, 
23 ; David Waters, 6 ; Thomas Chittenden, 
Esq., 4; Paul Spooner, 25; Joseph Fay, 
Esq., 8; Abigail Gunn, 59; Barnabas 
Morse, 24. 

Voted that there be a tax of ten shillings 
to pay the expenses of lotting. There be- 
ing but 71 proprietors and 72 lots, it was 

Voted that lot No. 24 be disposed of, as 
the settlers now in town should see fit. 

Lots No. 62 and 63 were set as minister 
lots, the rent to go for the support of 
preaching in town; No. 69, grammar 
school, the rent of which goes to Peacham 
Academy; lots 71 and 72, town school; 
lot No. 3, college. 

The town was named by Lyman Hitch- 
cock, one of the grantees, in honor of his 
bride-elect. Miss Cabot, of Connecticut, a 
descendant of Sebastian Cabot. Mr. Lev- 
enworth never settled or lived in town, but 
settled and built the mills at what is now 
known as West Danville. 

In 1779, Gen. Hazen cut through the 
wilderness, and made a passable road for 
50 miles above Peacham, running through 
the north-eastern part of Cabot, over what 
is known as Cabot Plain, through Walden 
and Hardwick. He camped for a few 
weeks on the plain about J of a mile to 
the south of the residence now of Springer. 
Here they expected an attack from the 
British from Canada, who were sending a 
portion of their forces down on the east side 
of the State, instead of sending them all 
down the Lake, upon the west side. A 
fortification was thrown up by Hazen's 
soldiers. The ground bears the name of 
Fortification Hill, and a small portion of 
the fortification is still seen, and a large 
rock pointed out where the army built their 
camp-fires. 

Connected with Hazen's army was a 
squad called Whitcbmb's Range: s, among 
whom was Thomas Lyford, grandfather of 
Thomas Lyford now living in the village 



76 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



of Cabot. Gen. Hazen expecting an at- 
tack from the enemy, Whitcomb and Ly- 
ford were sent to the north as spies. Dur- 
ing the long scout Whitcomb's shoes gave 
out, and he threatened to shoot the first 
man he met for his. After several days, 
cautiously proceeding, they heard a dis- 
tant crackling of the brush, then a faint 
tramp of feet, and at once secreted them- 
selves in an advantageous position, and 
waited. In a short time a scouting party 
of the enemy discovered themselves, Brit- 
ish and Indians, making for Gen. Hazen''s 
quarters, commanded by Gen. Gordon. 
Our scouts felt upon their action for a few 
moments hung great results ; not only their 
own lives, but those of their comrades 
and Gen. Hazen's army. The enemy 
advanced. Gen. Gordon in front, little 
thinking what is concealed in the thicket. 
Whitcomb thinks of his shoes ; tells Lyford 
to be cool ; takes good aim ; Gen. Gordon 
falls forward ; throws his arms around the 
neck of his horse ; the horse, frightened, 
turned back and ran into camjD ; the Brit- 
ish general lived to get into camp, but died 
very soon after. Whitcomb was secreted 
under a bank where the waters in a little 
ravine had -washed out a hole, which was 
covered with a log. Over this log, he said, 
a number of Indians ran whooping, brand- 
ishing their tomahawks ; that he could 
have pulled any one of them off from the 
log as they passed over into the hole, but 
he thought it not best. Lyford was con- 
cealed near him. After a long search, the 
Indians gave up they could not find the 
one who sent the bullet. 

As soon as Whitcomb and Lyford con- 
sidered it safe they came from their hiding 
places, and returned to the camp of Gen. 
Hazen with the news. Whitcomb did not 
get his shoes, but they had accomplished 
all and more than they set out for. The 
enemy, dismayed, retreated back to Can- 
ada, and thus ended what was expected to 
be a battle or skirmish on Cabot's Plain. 
[See account of Major Whitcomb and this 
adventure in vol. I of this work, page 
1067 — Ed.] 

Gen. Hazen finished his road through to 
the town of Lowell, and then returned to 



the south. This road from near Joe's pond, 
led to the south of the present traveled 
road, until it came to the three corners of 
a road near the present grave-yard on the 
plain ; here it struck what is now the pres- 
ent traveled road and continued to the 
north line of the town. It was of great 
benefit to the first settlers. It is still called 
the Hazen road. 

The settlements began upon the high- 
est land, in, town which has been known 
as Cabot Plain for the last 40 years ; pre- 
vious to that as Johnson's Plain. Colonel 
Thomas Johnson of Newbury, when taken 
prisoner with Col. Jonathan Elkins of 
Peacham, by the British in 1781, and car- 
ried to Canada, the first night of their 
march camped on this tract of land, and 
when he returned on parole, soon after, 
and from that time until late in the present 
century this locality was called Johnson's 
Plain. It lies between the Connecticut 
and Winooski river, and commands an 
extensive and beautiful prospect, the out- 
lines of which are formed by the western 
range of the Green mountains and by the 
White mountains in N. H. 

BENJAMIN WEBSTER, 

of Salisbury, now of Franklin, N. H., 
uncle of renowned Daniel Webster, en- 
couraged by the liberal offers of the pro- 
prietors, came to this town in 1783, and 
made the first opening in the forest for a 
permanent settlement. The first clearing 
was made a little north of where George 
Smith now lives, on the line of the Hazen 
road. In the opening, Mr. Webster built 
the first log cabin. Its dimensions, we are 
not told, but assured it was sufficiently 
capacious to answer for a house, barn, 
shed, and all necessary out-buildings ; and 
that this tenement completed, he returned 
for his family and moved them into town 
March, 1783, himself driving the cow, Mrs. 
Webster traveling on snow-shoes, and the 
hired man with Mrs. Webster's assistance, 
drawing the few goods they brought with 
them on a hand-sled, among which was a 
wash-tub, and in this tub their little daugh- 
ter two years of age, who afterwards be- 
came the wife of Hanson Rogers, E.sq., 



CABOT. 



n 



and after raising a large family of children, 
died in the village of Cabot, Sept. 28, 
1S68, aged 88 yrs. 3 mos., 14 days, highly 
respected by all who knew her. On their 
journey from Peacham to their cabin, the 
snow was 4 feet deep upon a level ; and 
upon their arrival they found it drifted into 
their cabin, to the depth of a foot and a 
half. It had to be shoveled out before 
they could enter, and then tliey had only 
the bare ground for a floor. After getting 
settled a little, Mr. Webster went to New- 
bury for provisions. While he was away, 
the sun coming out warm, Mrs. Webster 
tapped some trees and made 40 pounds of 
sugar. It is said she could chop as well 
as a man, and greatly helped her husband 
in clearing up his farm. 

LIEUT. JONATHAN HEATH 

was the second settler. His family ar- 
rived the first of any settler's family. The 
Lieutenant came with his family two days 
before Benjamin Webster came with his. 
He built his cabin on the line of the Ha- 
zen road opposite the present burying- 
ground on the Plain. 

NATHANIEL WEBSTER 

and family were the third to arrive. He 
rolled up the logs for his cabin on the op- 
posite side of the Hazen road from Benja- 
min Webster's. 

LIEUT. THO*MAS LYFORD 

who was with Whitcomb in the daring 
adventure of shooting General Gordon, 
was the fourth settler. He located on the 
south of the road, near the three corners, 
near the burying-ground, in what is now 
Eli B. Stone's field. 

The nearest trading point at first was 
Newbury, 24 miles distant, where they had 
to go for milling, taking their grain on a 
hand-sled in winter, or at other times on 
their backs through the mud. After about 
three years, there was a mill built at 
Peacham, and they went there. So great 
was the hardship to procure milling, they 
often resorted to battling their grain. 
They had no neighbors north of them, and 
none on the south nearer than Peacham. 
It was some two or three years before any 
permanent addition was made to their 



number. About 1787, six families were 
added to them, namely, Lyman Hitchcock, 
David Blanchard, Jeremiah McDaniels, 
John Lyford, James Bruce, Thomas Batch- 
elder, and families,- emigrants from New 
Hampshire, who settled on the line of the 
Hazen road on the Plain. 

Up to this time, 1788, the inhabitants 
had lived in primitive independence, reg- 
ulating themselves by the principles of 
common law. The following appears upon 
the town book as the first step towards a 
town organization : 

Proceedings of the town of Cabot. At 
the request of four of the inhabitants of the 
town of Cabot, I hereby notify the freemen 
and inhabitants of tlie town to meet at the 
house of Mr. Thomas Lyford, in said 
Cabot, on the last Saturday instant March, 
ten o'clock before noon, then and there 
being met to choose ist, a moderator, 
clerk, and necessary town officers; 2d, to 
see if they will raise money to defray the 
incidental charges, and do any other bu.s- 
iness that may be necessary. 

Walter Brock, 
y It slice of the Peace. 

February 4th, 1788. 

The number of voters at the organiza- 
tion could not have been more than- 10 or 
12. The records of their meetings show 
that the first settlers seemed to regard 
military title as conferring almost perma- 
nent virtue or qualification for office, as 
seen by the following choice of officers : 

Capt. Jesse Levenworth, moderator; 
Lieut.. Jonathan Heath, Lieut. Thomas 
Lyford, Lieut. David Blanchard, select- 
men; Maj. Lyman Hitchcock, town treas- 
urer ; Ensign Jeremiah McDaniels, con- 
stable ; Edmund Chapman, surveyor of 
highways. Ensign Jeremiah McDaniels 
was chosen collector of taxes. One pri- 
vate only was found qualified to six com- 
missioned ofilicers for promotion in civil 
ofiice. The foregoing officers were all 
sworn into office by the said justice of the 
peace, Walter Brock. 

For 18 years of the settlement this was 
tire metropolis of the town. The lot upon 
Walden line was owned by Nathaniel 
Webster. His house stood a little south 
of where the road leading from the village 
to Walden depot intersects with the Hazen 



78 



VERlMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



road. Next south was Benjamin Web- 
ster's, the first settler ; then came Dr. 
Scott's, Hanson Rogers', Mr. Shephard's, 
and other houses and farms for about a 
mile on the line of the Hazen road. 

The famous "yellow house " was built 
by Horace and Gershom Beardsley, two 
stirring settlers from Massachusetts. It 
was the first framed house in town, and 
was first raised in the pasture now owned 
by Samuel S. Batchelder. At that time a 
new County was formed from towns set 
off from the County of Orange, and there 
was a strong.prospect that this town would 
be the shire town of the new county. With 
this expectation, the Beardsleys cleared 
two acres of land in this pasture, taking 
out the stumps root and branch, for the 
site of the county buildings. Their hopes 
not being realized, the house was not fin- 
ished on this spot, and after standing here 
about 2 years, was taken down and re- 
moved to the Plain. The foundation is 
seen at the present time where it was first 
raised. The timber all hard wood, and the 
house two stories, it took a large amount 
of help to raise it, of men and whisky. All 
the men and women in this town, Peacham 
and Danville were invited to the raising. 
Those invited giving out word that they 
would drink the Beardsleys dry that day, 
the Beardsleys prepared themselves. They 
furnished a barrel of first proof rum, and a 
second barrel, slightly reduced. It was 
said never was such rum seen in Cabot be- 
fore or after. All were invited to take 
hold and help themselves. In after years 
the old settlers enjoyed rehearsing the 
scenes at that raising. They said with a 
great many of them it lasted two days 

After the removal of the house to the 
Plain it was very nicely finished, and be- 
came the " Hub " of the town. It was 40 
feet square upon the ground, with a large 
hall in the ell, used for all kinds of gather- 
ings, and had a long shed attached run- 
ning to the barn. As all the travel from 
the north going to the Connecticut river 
had to pass over Cabot Plain, it was a 
favorite stopping-place for travelers, and 
during the war of 1812, those engaged in 
smuggling made it their quarters. 



DOINGS AND VOTES FROM Vj 



TO 1806. 



At the first March meeting, held the last 
Saturday in March, 1788, but two votes 
were taken, one for schools and one to 
raise a tax on each poll equal to two days' 
work for building and repairing roads. 

From the first town meeting to 1840, 
each town officer, from town clerk to high- 
way surveyor, was sworn into office. In 
1789, there being no justice of the peace 
in town, the town clerk was obliged to go 
to Barnet, where he received the oath of 
office, administered by Alexander Harvey, 
Esq. 

When the town was fairly organized, at- 
tention was next given to the protection 
of property. 

Voted to build a pound on Shepard Hill, 
that swine should not run at large from 
the loth of May to the loth of October, 
unless with a good poke on his neck and 
a ring in his nose. 

The first vote to defray town expenses 
was Mar. 25, 1779; "To raise 12 bushels 
of wheat to defray necessary town ex- 
pense, and purchase a town book for rec- 
ords," and the first auditors appointed, 
Lieut. Thomas Lyford, Mr. Thomas Batch- 
elder, Lieut. Jonas Watts, to examine into 
accounts of town officers, and report at 
next meeting. The town book cost $2 ; 
wheat was 75 cents a bushel. There were 
$7 left on the 12 bush, voted after paying 
for the book, for the " necessary town ex- 
penses." 

March meeting, 1790, the selectmen 
were instructed to procure a piece of land 
for a burying-ground. Six years after, the 
first burying-ground was laid out. 

Mar. 21, 1 79 1, 20 bushels of wheat 
voted to pay town expenses this year. 

Voted that width of sleds for the year 
ensuing in the town of Cabot shall be four 
feet and six inches from outside to out- 
side, and any one found with one of less 
dimensions on any public road in said town 
shall be subject to a fine of five dollars for 
every such offence. 

1793, population 122; new school dis- 
trict, No. 2, formed; first full list of town 
officers elected : Capt. James Moss, mod- 
erator ; Lyman Hitchcock, town clerk ; 
Samuel Danforth, James Moss, David 



CABOT. 



79 



Blanchard, selectmen; Thomas Lyford, 
town treasurer ; Thomas Batchelder, con- 
stable and collector; Ephraim Marsh, 
grand juryman ; James Chapman, Martin 
Durgin, Thomas Osgood, surveyors of 
highway ; Ezekiel Gilman, hog-ward ; Ed- 
ward Chapman, fence-viewer ; Jonathan 
Heath, pound-keeper ; Fifield Lyford, 
sealer of weights and measures ; Thomas 
Lyford, leather sealer ; listers, selectmen, 
(see list of town officers) . 

To this time no steps had been taken to 
punish violators of the law in cas^ there 
should be any that should require more 
than the civil law would give them, and it 
was voted to build stocks, (whipping post) 
and sign-post on the Shepard hill near the 
pound, — 15 bushels of wheat was voted 
for town expenses or, 4s. in cash in lieu of 
I bushel of wheat, and 5 bushels of wheat, 
to purchase standard weights and measures 
for the town. 

Voted that Reuben Kelzer be discharged 
from his fine of eleven shillings for profane 
swearing, and breaking the peace. 

After arrangements had been made for 
the punishment of civil and criminal of- 
fenders " : 

March, 1794, — Voted that the sum of 
twenty-one dollars be expended in the pur- 
chase of 28 pounds of powder, | of cwt. of 
lead and six dozen flints for tlie town stock 
of ammunition. 

Vdted that the fines that have been or 
shall be laid be appropriated to the use of 
schools the present year. 

A good use to devote them to. 
Previous to 1795, the duty of listers was 
performed by the selectmen ; at March 
meeting, 1795, the first board were elected : 
Capt. David Blanchard, Fifield Lyford, 
Samuel Warner. 

1796. In 13 years, the settlement had 
extended to the south, east and west. The 
question began to be agitated in regard to 
removing the seat of government to the 
geographical center of the town. A meet- 
ing of the inhabitants was called at the 
school-house on the Hazen road to take 
the matter into consideration. As a mat- 
ter of course, it was stoutly opposed by 
the pioneers of the town, those that had 
borne the burden and heat of the day, saw 
by this move their glory departing. So 



long had the business of the town been 
done here, that they had come (and per- 
haps all natural enough) to consider them- 
selves the Mecca of the town. The day 
of the meeting came, the forces well mar- 
shalled on both sides, but those in favor 
of a change were too strong for the other 
side, and it was voted that. 

Hereafter all meetings for doing pub- 
lic business shall be held at the school- 
house at the centre of the town, and the 
public property all except the pound 
(which consisted ot the stocks and whip- 
ping-post) should be removed to that 
place. 

It is said this was a hard blow to those 
living on the Plain ; but we cannot learn 
as they threatened to secede. In 1799, 
$22 was voted to defray town expenses. 

The patriotism and high esteem in which 
the Father of his Country was held may 
be seen by the following record : 

On the receipt of the news of the 
death of Gen. Washington a town meet- 
ing was called to meet on the 22d day of 
February, 1800, to see what the town will 
do on account ol Keeping in Remem- 
brance the Life and Death of Gen. Wash- 
ington. 

Voted that a committee of three be 
appointed to take charge of the assembly 
and conduct them in a becoming manner 
to the school-house there to listen to an 
Oration to be delivered by Lyman Hitch- 
cock, Esq. The committee appointed were 
Joseph Fisher, Thomas Osgood, Joseph 
Huntoon. 

A large assembly gathered, and after the 
oration Esq. Horace Beardsley was directed 
to return the thanks of said town to the 
speaker for delivering so good an oration 
to the people. 

1802, the town began to look towards 
retrenchment of expenses. Before elect- 
ing selectmen it was voted whoever should 
be elected should serve free of charge for 
their services ; and it does not appear that 
they had any trouble in finding men to 
serve ; doubtless they thought the honor 
paid. At the same meeting the first tith- 
ing men were elected : John Edgerton and 
Gershom Beardsley, whose duty it was to 
see that the Sabbath was not desecrated 
by persons hunting, fishing, or lounging 
about, and if any persons there found so 



8o 



VERMONT rilSTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



doing, to arrest and bring them before a 
magistrate to be fined. Frequent votes 
appear after upon the records to remit the 
fines of those that had been fined for the 
violation of {he Sabbath. It was also 
their duty to see that no one disturbed 
religious meetings ; if the}' did to take 
them in charge. 

There were some who were not pros- 
pered in their worldly possessions, and 
from year to year there were quite lively 
times in warning such persons out of town 
to prevent their becoming a town charge. 
The first order was given by the selectmen 
Oct. 3, 1803, for James Shepard and his 
wife Sarah, with their children, to depart 
said town, and in 1807, 12 families were 
warned to depart. 

[If a family came to want that had been 
duly "warned out," the town was not 
obliged to assist them ; but if not, the 
town was liable. A very uncharitable 
record to put down for all our early towns ; 
if we could not add, it was usually about 
as serious a matter as appointing a hog 
ward, to which office every man in town 
married during the year, even the minis- 
ter, was a candidate for at next March 
meeting. The old settlers were fond of 
practical jokes, and received them very 
complacently. I have seen the record 
where the warning out went so far every 
family in town was warned out. — Ed.] 

On all public days whisky went around 
freely, and officers all had to treat. March 
meeting, 1806, tradition says the whisky 
was kept in the closet of the school-house 
where the meeting was held, which was 
imbibed so frecjuently by candidates and 
their supporters, some of them got so they 
hardly knew which way to vote. About 
middle way of the proceedings of the 
meeting it was "voted that the door lead- 
ing into the closet be shut and kept so for 
the space of one-half hour." 

The first surveyor of wood and lumber, 
Oliver Walbridge, was elected in 1S06, 
and the first jurors, petit and grand, for 
County Court, were drawn, and $20 voted 
this year for town expenses. This closes 
the first book of records — the notes and 
doings that appear most interesting. The 



succeeding records are about like those of 
the present day, with the exception of 
many more alterations in school districts, 
laying out of roads and such business as 
was incident to a new county. 

In 1802, John W. Dana came to the 
Plain, and opened a store in a building a 
little south of the yellow house. He being 
a man of ability, brought a good deal of 
business to the place. In a few years he 
was joined by John Damon, and they soon 
became the sole owners, or nearly so, of 
all that region, comprising nearly 1000 
acres. They frequently wintered 100 head 
of cattle, beside a large amount of other 
stock, at the yellow house barns. 

About 1 8 10, business began to draw to 
the lower grounds, localities less exposed 
to the cold winds of winter, and in 1820, 
but little was left on the Plain save the old 
yellow house. 

During the war of 1812, those engaged 
in smuggling made this old house their 
quarters. One mile north of here there is 
a small body of water called .Smugglers' 
pond, from an encounter that took place 
between a custom house officer and some 
smugglers, in which the smugglers threw 
the officer into the pond. Another time 
several parties from this town, while start- 
ing some cattle for Canada, were jnter- 
cepted by a custom house officer by the 
name of Young. They said they gave him 
a good smart threshing, but they were in- 
volved for it in a long and expensive law- 
suit. 

As time moved on, one building after 
another pertaining to the old yellow house 
was torn down, till at last, in 1855, the old 
landmark had to succumb, and share the 
fate which sooner or later aU old and hon- 
ored structures must. And now upon 
those broad acres, so beautifully spread 
out on the upland of the township, where 
the pioneers endured so many privations, 
and reduced the heavy-timbered forest to 
the fertile farms which for so many years 
teemed with business and thrift — along the 
whole street nought is now seen but the 
herds quietly feeding and an occasional 
husbandman tilling" the lonely soil. 



CABOT. 



gi 



CABOT VILLAGE. 

In 1788, Lieut. Thomas Lyford, the 
third settler in town, and the first settler 
at the village, bought a lot of land of Jesse 
Levenworth and Lyman Hitchcock. On 
this land the village of Cabot now stands. 
The Winooski river runs through the 
grounds. Mr. Lyford was a mill-wright; 
there was no saw-mill within ten miles ; he 
decided to build a saw-mill upon his lot 
upon tlie Winooski river. He selected the 
spot where John Brown's shop now stands. 
Here the first blow of the axe fell to sub- 
due the thick wood to the fair vale, in 
which a beautiful and pleasant village was 
to grow. At that time this spot was quite 
a high elevation of land, and until within 
a few years was always spoken of as Saw- 
mill Hill. The timber was cut and framed 
upon the spot ; the irons were made at 
Newbury, and drawn on a hand-sled to 
the spot the winter before. The mill and 
dam were not completed and got to run- 
ning till the spring of 1789. At that time 
this was regarded an extra water-power 
and a very smart mill. The pond covered 
then all of what is now the meadow to the 
upper end of the street. The mill had 
what is called an up-and-down saw ; a 
good, smart man would run out 2000 ft. of 
lumber in a day. 

Lyford and his son, Thomas Jr., next 
built a grist-mill, where the grist-mill now 
stands. This mill had but one run of 
stone, split out of a granite stone where 
Allen Perry's house now stands, and used 
for the steps of the present mill. Thomas 
Lyford, Jr., took charge of the mill. He 
built a camp on the rise of ground before 
it, and stayed there from Monday morning 
till Saturday night, when he returned to 
his father's on the Plain. The mill did 
the grinding for this town and the towns 
for 10 or 12 miles around. About 1794, 
Lieut. Lyford built the first house in the 
village, where Mrs. Jos. La»ce now lives. 
His son, Thomas Jr., attended to the 
mills and commenced clearing up the land. 
For the next 12 years but little addition 
was made to the new neighborhood. 

The second house was built by Samuel 



Lee, where Enoch Hoy't and his son, 
George Hoyt, now live ; the third by Elias 
Hitchcock, where the garden of Caleb 
Fisher now is. John W. Dana, on the 
Plain, bought a small house that stood 
where Mrs. Haines' house now does, and 
fitted it up for a store — the first mercantile 
business here. After a few years, George 
W. Dana built quite a large store. It was 
becoming evident that this was to be the 
business centre of the town. John W. 
Dana, a keen-sighted man, came from the 
Plain and bought nearly all the land now 
included in the village. By selling build- 
ing-lots to the farmers, he contributed 
largely to building up the village. In 
18 17, a distillery was put up where Union 
Block now stands. Marcus O. Fisher 
bought the site and put in a tannery, en- 
larged the building, using part for a cur- 
rying and shoe-shop. "The old red 
house " was one of the landmarks of the 
town for years. In 1825, he built a larger 
tannery where the bark was first ground 
between two stones by horse-power. A 
man and a horse could grind from one-half 
to a cord in a day. This stone is now in 
the yard of J. M. Fisher as an old town 
relic. About 1840, water-power was sub- 
stituted for the horse. Mr. Fisher carried 
on the business successfully about 35 
years, and his son, Edwin till 1868, which 
ended the tanning business in Cabot. It 
was sold to a stock-company who erected 
the handsome union block for stores, 
offices, etc., on the site. 

The next business started was wool- 
carding and cloth-dressing, by George 
Fielding, who built a shop on the site of 
the present carriage-shop in the spring 
of 1833. In August, the highest waters 
ever known on this river, carried away 
the shop before finished. He rebuilt in 
1834; carried on cloth-dressing for a 
year and sold to Jason Britt, who carried 
on the business of wool-carding and cloth- 
dressing here 44 years ; building on the 
same site in 1855, a larger and better 
shop, a part of which was used for a 
carriage-shop by diiTerent parties till 
1874, when it was enlarged and an exten- 
sive business undertaken by A. P. Marshall 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



and W. W. Buchanan, known as the 
"Cabot Carriage Co.," which run 3 or 4 
years and closed up. The property came 
into the hands of J. A. Farrington, by 
whom the business is now conducted on a 
smaller and more sure basis. On the op- 
posite side of the river, William Scales 
built, in 1826, a blacksmith-shop and small 
foundry, where caldrons, five-pail kettles, 
cog-wheels and other iron castings were 
made. 

Mr. Scales will be remembered by all 
who ever got him to do any blacksmithing, 
as a very nice man, but not one of the 
smoothest of workmen. 

In 1840, a starch factory was built be- 
low the shops on the river, by Israel 
•Cutting, which like everything else in his 
hands proved lucrative. In connection 
with his factory, he built a grist and a saw- 
mill which he run a few years. 

The first tavern was built where Mrs. 
Joseph Lance's house stands, small, and 
one story. It was taken down in 1833, 
and moved over the river. The present 
hotel stands on the same site. Fisher 
was landlord 4 years, and sold to Horace 
Bliss, who kept it 10 years, when it was 
known as a first-class house. There was 
much heavy teaming on the road from the 
north of the state to Burlington, and this 
was a favorite stopping place for all team- 
sters, and also for the light travel. There 
are those now living who speak of Mrs. 
Bliss, the genial landlady, who always did 
so much to make the hotel a pleasant rest- 
ing place for her guests. The house was 
kept by different parties with little change 
till 1875, when it was largely repaired by 
William P. Whittier, who kept it until the 
death of his wife, April, 1881, after which 
he sold to the present proprietor, W. W. 
Buchanan. 

April, 1822, John W. Dana deeded to 
the town for one dollar i J acre for a com- 
mon, conditioned to be kept clear from 
all incumbrance and free on all occasions 
to the public, especially for military pa- 
rading. 

There are people now living in the vil- 
lage that well recollect when this common 
was a frog-pond, and filled with fir and 



alder bushes, and was so muddy through 
the street, ox-teams were stuck in the mud 
before where Union block now stands. 

Population of village, June i, 1881, 258; 
64 dwelling-houses ; 2 stores ; i millinery 
shop ; I hotel ; 2 blacksmith shops ; i 
carriage manufactory ; i tin shop ; i har- 
ness shop ; I cooper-shop ; i grist-mill ; i 
saw-mill ; i graded school ; 2 churches. 

By an act of the Legislature, Nov. 19, 
1866, the village was incorporated. The 
first village clerk, W. H. Fletcher; first 
board of trustees : John M. Fisher, John 
Brown, Theron H. Lance, William P. 
Whittier, J. P. Lamson. 

The village has a good fire department 
well equipped with engine, etc., etc. But 
few fires have ever occurred in the village. 
The most destructive was Jan. 5, 1 881, at 
which time the fire department did excel- 
lent service. 

THE CENTER. 

This place is the geographical centre of 
the town, and has always been known by 
the name of the Centre. James Morse, 
Esq., from Barre, Mass., made the first 
settlement in 1789, where Henry Hill's 
house stands. Esq. Morse built his first 
log-house. He was moderator of the first 
town meeting, first justice of the peace ; to 
him nearly all the business of this office 
fell for quite a number of years. 

When first appointed, knowing he would 
be called to perform the marriage cer- 
emony, he wished to have some practice 
before he appeared in public. He took his 
son David out, and told him to stand up 
by the side of a stump, and he would 
marry him to it. David did as directed, 
and the Squire commenced and went 
through, David assenting that he would 
love, cherish and protect her. The Esquire 
closed up in the usual form, saying that he 
pronounced them husband and wife. It 
is said David would not marry until the 
stump rotted" down, which was quite late 
in life. The Esquire being of rather nerv- 
ous temperament, at the next ceremony 
got a little bewildered, and made the 
groom promise to foj'sake her and cleave 
to all other ivovien. At another time, it is 



CABOT. 



83 



said, he forgot the ceremony, and was 
obliged to consult his notes. 

At a later day he opened the first hotel in 
town, in a small log-house. The bar was 
in the square room, and a bed in the same 
room. This was in the early days of hotel 
keeping. The Escjuire was said to be a 
man in whom all his townsmen had the 
utmost confidence ; a man of sound judg- 
ment, and his advice was often sought. 
He held all the offices from highway sur- 
veyor to representative. 

The next house was built by Oliver Wal- 
bridge, where G. Noyes now lives. In 1790 
Major Hitchcock, Capt. Jesse Levenworth 
and Asa Douglas, Esq., presented the 
town 8 acres of land for public use. 3 
years after, 4. acres were cleared for a 
common, and a school-house built on it, 
and two years later the seat of government 
removed from the Plain to this place. The 
principal property to move appears to have 
been the stocks and whipping-post, which 
were set up at the Corner, where the road 
by Henry HilFs intersects with the Centre 
road. They were never used. The only 
person ever whipped for crime in town 
was Ben. Parker, for breaking into a store 
that stood where True A. Town's house 
stands. The crime, trial and punishment 
were not far separated. He broke into 
the store Tuesday night, was tried Wednes- 
day, and whipped Thursday, opposite the 
store he broke into. The whip was of 
cord, and the officer said he did not whip 
very hard, only wanted to show him what 
he might expect if he persisted in his 
thieving course. 

After 1796, town-meetings and all pub- 
lic gatherings were at the Centre. The 
Fourth of July, 1820, was a memorable 
day. Two companies of infantry, one of 
artillery and one of cavalry assisted in the 
celebration. Capt. Crossman, of Peacham, 
was the president of the day. There was 
an oration, and bountiful repast furnished. 

There was a store opened by Luther 
Wheatley, who after a short time was suc- 
ceeded by Hector McLean, and the second 
pound was built at this place, which was 
liberally patronized in the olden time. It 
was once broken open and the cattle taken 



out, which disturbed the peace and dignity 
of the town. It was expected this would 
be a village of considerable size, and pros- 
perous farmers, as once before at the Plain, 
invested in village lots, and here, as at 
the Plain before them, their hopes were 
disappointed, and already this place where 
public business was so long done is now 
desolate. The winds sing their dirge 
around where the store, the school -house 
and the sacred edifice once stood, and not 
far from this spot those who were once 
active in the business of the town are 
quietly resting in the bosom of their 
mother earth. 

EAST HILL, 

often called Whittier Hill, from its first 
settler, Lieut. John Whittier, who came 
here in 1780, and commenced clearing up 
the farm now owned and occlipied by 
Frederick Corliss. He built his first cabin 
a little north of the present house, near the 
brook, and brought his wife and one child 
to the Plain, March, 1790, with an ox 
team, and from there drew his effects on a 
hand-sled, his wife walking on the crust 
beside him, carrying her spinning-wheel. 
After they got to keeping some cows and 
sheep, one evening a large bear came into 
the yard where they were milking, and took 
a .sheep. They gave chase, and the bear 
dropped the sheep, but he made his es- 
cape, and the sheep was killed. 

Lieut. Whittier raised a large family. 
Several of the boys settled on farms made 
from the old farm. Mrs. Whittier was a 
descendant from Mrs. Dustin who scalped 
the Indians. 

WILLIAM OSGOOD, 

from Claremont, N. H., the second set- 
tler here, bought one square mile west of 
the Centre road, opposite Lieut. Whittier, 
on which he settled his six sons. Four of 
them came in March, 1791. First, they 
dug out sap-troughs and sugared, and then 
.slashed 15 acres by the ist of June, and 
returned to Claremont. They boarded at 
Lieut. Whittier's. In the fall Mr. Osgood 
came with his six sons. They cleared the 
slash, and built a log house, 40 ft. in 
length, where Solomon W. Osgood now 



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VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



lives. It is said this family were all strong, 
broad-shouldered men, able for the task 
before them. 

DAVID HAINES 

commenced on the farm south of George 
Gould's, so long occupied by his son Wm. 
Haines, in 1797. When he came to town 
he was not possessed of a great amount of 
cash, it may be inferred by the fact he was 
the owner of two pair of pants and two 
shirts, and he swajiped one shirt and one 
pair of pants for a hoe and axe to begin 
work with. 

These places are now all excellent farms 
and in good hands. 

LOWER CABOT. 

Settlement was commenced in 1799, by 
Reuben Atkins, on the farm now of W. 
S. Atkins, his grand-son. He cleared a 
spot, and built his log-house on the site of 
the present house. The first spring he 
made sugar in the door-yard. In 1800, he 
built a framed barn, now standing, in good 
condition. The farm has always been in 
the family, owned by one of the sons. 
MOSES stone, 

from New Hampshire, in 1797, about half 
a mile west from Wm. Atkins, cleared the 
ground and built a saw-mill where the 
Haines Factory now stands, his family 
meantime living in a shed of Lieut. Whit- 
tier's, on Whittier hill. After he got his 
mill running, he built his house. It had a 
large stone chimney. His wife said all 
the way she could see any sky was to look 
up through that. 

Fish in the river, wild game in the thick 
surrounding woods, were abundant. Stone 
was a strong man, not easily frightened. 
One evening in the fall he had been up to 
neighbor Atkins'. Returning, he, as he 
thought, met a man who had on a white 
hat and blue frock, to whom he said "good 
evening." The man made no answer. He 
repeated it, but no reply. Stonesaid, "I'll 
know who you are,'' and grabbed around 
him, when to his surprise he found he was 
out of the path, and it was a large stump 
he was hugging. 

In 1 801, Clement Coburn built a grist- 
mill where True A. Town's works stand. 



In 1803, he sold a privilege to Joseph Co- 
burn, on the opposite side of the river, to 
put in a fulling-mill. Cloth being then 
spun and wove at home, this was needed. 
He carried on the business some years. 
Thomas Coldwill became next owner, who 
soon sold to Wm. Ensign, John R. Put- 
nam and Horace Haines, who moved the 
shop to where the factory stands, and 
added carding works. In 1835, Alden 
Webster bought the works, adding ma- 
chinery, a spinning-jenny, hand-looms, re- 
garded a wonderful improvement. He 
commenced the manufacture of full cloth. 
In 1849, he sold to Horace Haines, who 
continued the business with his son, E. G. 
Haines, building a new factory in 1849, 
with water-power looms and modern ma- 
chinery. Horace Haines and two sons in 
the business have died. It is now owned 
by Ira F. Haines. Quite an extensive 
business has been done sometimes here. 

Carriage-making has been at different 
times carried on to some extent. 

On the river opposite the factory, in 
1827, Wm. Fisher put in a tannery, which 
he run till 1838, when he removed to Al- 
bion, N. Y., where he died in 1851. Tan- 
ning was afterwards carried on here by Q. 
Cook, G. W. Cree and others. 

At present the most extensive business 
done in this village is by True A. Town, in 
the lumber business, in his saw-mill, and 
the manufacturing of the lumber into chair- 
stuff, boot-crimps, coffins, caskets, etc. 

The first store in the place was started 
by a Mr. Oaks, on the spot where Town's 
house stands. The mercantile business 
has been carried on here for 60 years, by 
John Edgerton, Ketchum and others. 

HECTOR MCLEAN 

opened a store here in 1825. There were 
in the village at this time but 9 houses be- 
tween the Perkins bridge and Marshfield vil- 
lage. Mr. McLean helped very much toward 
building up the place. He put in another 
dwelling-house (for hi sfamily), started a 
potash, blacksmith shop, and other indus- 
tries, and in 1836, opened a hotel, where 
Nathaniel Perry lives, kept by different 
persons for some years. 



CABOT. 



85 



In 1870, a post-office was establisned 
here, Cornelius Smith postmaster. There 
are at present, (July, 1881) in the village 30 
dwelling-houses, i meeting-house, i store, 
I blacksmith shop, a woolen factory, a 
wheelwright shop. 

Situated in the valley of the Winooski, 
although at an early day it is said that one 
of the early settlers said he would not take 
the Coburn Meadow as a gift, it has some 
of the finest farms in the county. 

SOUTH CABOT. 

The first beginning here was made by 
Parker Hooker, in 18 10. He built a saw- 
mill on the site of the present mill. He 
lived in Peacham, a distance of 4 miles 
through the woods, with no road or guide 
but marked trees. The first business at 
his mill was to saw the boards to cover a 
barn for himself at his home in Peacham. 
He snaked his boards with oxen through 
the woods, a stock at a time. He soon 
cleared two acres, near the present resi- 
dence of Mrs. Alvisa E. Hooker, and built 
a log-house. This mill was rebuilt by 
Liberty Hooker, in 1839. 

In a few years the house now occupied 
by Lewis Paquin, was built by Enoch Blake. 
This place now contains 13 dwelling- 
houses, one store, a post-office, saw-mill, 
grist-mill, blacksmith shop and school- 
house ; also a large shop for the manufac- 
tory of wagons, etc. There was formerly 
a large shop in which wood and iron work 
was done, which was burnedin 1876. This 
place was formerly known as Hookerville. 

EAST CABOT. 

John Heath, son of Lieut. Jonathan 
Heath, the second settler of the town, in 
1817 commenced in this locality, on the 
place now owned by Charles Howe. He 
cleared a few acres. His team to draw his 
logs together, to go to mill and to meeting 
was one stag. He made salts, of lye and 
took them to Danville and Peacham for 
necessaries for his family. Very soon 
after William Morse, Leonard Orcutt, Ster- 
ling Heath, and several others commenced 
clearing and making farms. John Clark 
opened a tavern opposite the Molly pond, 
which in after years was known as the Pond 



House, and George Rogers, Esq., made a 
fine farm near the school-house, now occu- 
pied by S. R. Moulton. 

The road from Danville four-corners 
to Cabot was built in 1829. Esquire 
Orcutt was the moving spirit in the enter- 
prise. It was first used as a winter road, 
and Lyman Clark drove the first stage 
through from Danville to Cabot. Previous 
to this, the stage and all the travel went 
over the Plain. For 45 years this was the 
leading thoroughfare from Danville to 
Montpelier, over which a great amount of 
heavy teaming was done. 

While Esq. Orcutt was getting this road 
through, a petition was presented to the 
selectmen to lay out the Molly Brook road. 
Esq. Orcutt^s head was too long for the 
petitioners ; he accomplished his favorite 
scheme. 

The Molly Brook road occupies quite a 
prominent place in the road history of the 
town. Leading from East Cabot to Marsh- 
field, on the extreme east part of the town, 
it was opposed by the Centre and west 
part. The first petition for it in 1830, was 
refused, the reason set up for the laying of 
the road was to avoid the hill i^ mile long 
on leaving Cabot village ; the road pro- 
posed being in two counties. The next step 
was to petition the Supreme Court for a 
committee. John W. Dana was elected 
an agent to attend court, and defend on 
the laart of the town. In 1845, '^ petition 
was presented to the Legislature for a 
charter for a turnpike, and it went on in 
this way, petitions first to the selectmen, 
then to the court, each one being opposed 
by the town, for 45 years. When one set 
of men died out another took their places ; 
in 1865, the road was finally completed, 
and is now one of the leading thorough- 
fares through town. 

south-west hill, 
with commanding view of the Winooski 
valley, and excellent soil, is one of the 
most desirable farming sections in town. 
The settlement .was commenced here by 
James Butler, 1799, on the farm where 
John M. Stone now lives. Mr. Butler 
while doing his chopping boarded at Reu- 
ben Atkins\ Among the first settlers on 



86 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



this hill were Nathaniel Gibbs, Asa Co- 
burn, Ezra Bliss. One right, 320 acres of 
this hill, is lease land. 

WEST HILL. 

A beautiful table-land in the west part of 
the town, surrounded by valleys on the 
east, south and west, has a charming view 
of the country beneath. Enoch Hoyt, 
known as Deacon Enoch in later years, 
being a member of the Baptist church, 
bought of Edmund Gilman 320 acres, the 
farm now owned by Orson Kimball. He 
commenced clearing in the field back of 
the school-house in 1797, and built his 
cabin a little north of where Eastman Hop- 
kins lives. He came from Epsom, N. H., 
to the Junction (Cabot Plain), with his 
effects, and from there got them over on 
his back, probably. Four of his brothers, 
Ezra, Asaph, Benjamin and Samuel came 
very soon and settled near him. They 
were all steady men, and made this one of 
the best farming sections in town, and 
some of them after their pioneer life here, 
went to Wisconsin and started anew. 

PETERSVILLE. 

The first clearing was begun here by 
Reuben Atkins, in 1825, on the farm 
where his son Henry Atkins now lives. 
There being a school-district formed here 
in 1858, Peter Lyford, one of the select- 
men, went over to organize the district, 
since which the locality has been called 
Petersville. It has 4 dwelling-houses, i 
school-house and a saw-mill. It lies on 
tlie Molly brook road, 2 miles from Marsh- 
field village. 

MARKET ROAD, 

a half mile east of Hazen road, was built 
to avoid the hard hills. Many of the towns 
in Northern Vermont took their produce 
to market on this road, from which its 
name. The first clearing on this road was 
begun on the farm now owned by Charles 
Oderkirk, by Samuel Levett, in 182 1. 

To the north Jesse Mason soon after 
began and cleared up the farm now occu- 
pied by his son, N.J. Mason. Mr. Mason 
says he has often seen as many as 60 
loaded teams pass his house in a day, but 



now in place of the rattle of the heavy 
wagons is heard the puffing of the iron 
horse. 

FREIGHTING. 

Robert Lance, from Chester, N. H., who 
came here about 18 10, and lived where 
Hial Morse now does, did the first team- 
ing to Boston. His team was two yoke of 
oxen ; freight, salts, whisky, pork, and it 
took from 4 to 6 weeks to make the round 
trip. He usually made two trips a year. 
A little later, Joseph Burbank began to go 
with a span of horses, and two loads a year 
would usually supply the merchants with 
goods. Benjamin Sperry used to team. 
It is said he was known from here to 
Boston by the name of Uncle Ben by 
everybody. Hugh Wilson did quite a 
business at teaming. In the winter quite 
a number of men would go to Portland, 
Me., with their red, double sleighs and two 
horses, loaded with pork. In 1838, Allen 
Perry began to run a 6-horse team to 
Boston, regular trips, the round trip taking 
3 weeks. The freight tariff was $20 per 
ton; his expenses, about $50 a trip. When 
he came in with his big, covered wagon it 
was quite an event for the place. He run 
his team till 1846, when the railroad got so 
near he sold his team and went to farm- 
ing. The P. & O. railroad is 5 miles to 
the north of us, and the Montpelier & 
Wells River the same distance to the south. 

FIRST THINGS. 

The first marriage in town was David 
Lyford to Judith Heath, July 23, 1795, by 
James Morse, Esq ; the 2d was Solomon 
W. Osgood to Ruth Marsh, Jan. 3, 1800, 
by Joseph Fisher, Esq. The first child 
born in town was a daughter, to Thomas 
Blanchard, Oct. 3, 1787. The 2d was a 
daughter to James Blanchard, born Apr. 
I, 1788; died Apr. 14, aged 14 days; the 
second death in town. The first death was 
that of Nathaniel West, killed while chop- 
ping in the woods for Benjamin Webster, 
in the winter of 1786. He was crushed 
by the falling of a large birch tree. He 
was carried to the house, but lived but a 
few minutes. He was buried in what is 
now the pasture of G. W. Webster. The 



CABOT. 



87 



place is pointed out by a large maple tree. 
I am told there were .six or seven buried 
here, but the graves are not discernible. 
The town continued to bury in different 
places. There were several graves in the 
pasture of Lenie J. Walbridge. 

GRAVE-YARDS. 

In 1800, the town purchased an acre of 
land at the Centre for a burying-ground 
and inclosed it. This was the first grave- 
yard in town. William Osgood, who died 
Feb. 5, 1801, was thefirst person buriedin 
it. There are 92 graves discernible here. 
A large number of them have headstones 
that were dug out of the ledge near by and 
lettered, but they are hardly legible now. 
No burials have been made for 35 years. 
The last was that of Lieut. Fifield Lyford 
in 1846. 'I'o the credit of the town it has 
been kept inclosed by them, and tolerably 
clean, as also all of the other numerous 
small interment inclosures in town, where 
it is not done by individuals. 

The next grave-yard was at the Lower 
Ville. In 1 81 3, ElihuCoburnandCol. John 
Stone donated the original ground, i acre, ^ 
each. Joseph Coburn was the first one 
buried in it. From time to time it has 
])een enlarged. It has now about 329 in- 
habitants. It is a beautiful location, about 
40 rods from the Winooski, whose musical 
waters as they pass seemingly a little more 
quiet by here, you may imagine chanting 
the requiem of the dead. 

In 1814, a burying lot was opened on the 
farm now owned by Orson Kimball, just 
above the residence of E. T. Hopkins. 19 
graves are discernible. 

The West Hill burying-ground, a gift 
from David Lyford and John Edgerton, was 
laid out in 1817. Whentheywere staking 
it out it was in the time of what is called 
by the old people the great sickness. Mr. 
Edgerton repeated the lines : 

" YeUiviiig men come view the ground 
Where you must shortly lie." 

He was the first person buried there. 
The graves here number 84. ' 

East Cabot grave-yard is a very pretty 
plot for the purpose, donated by George 
Rogers, Esq., for that part of the town. 
38 persons occupy this place. 



Cabot Plain grave-yard, the ground for 
which was donated by Alpheus Bartlett, in 
1825. The first one buried in it was Al- 
vira Covell. The interments in this yard 
are 39. 

At South Cabot the grave-yard was do- 
nated by Moses Clark, in 1834, with the 
express understanding it was to be kept 
well fenced. Thirty-five have been in- 
terred here ; the first a child of Moses 
Clark. It is now entirely abandoned. 

Cabot Village grave-yard, h acre of land, 
donated by John W. Dana, was laid out in 
1820. The first one buried in it, Eliza 
Dutton, died May 20, 1820, age 22. It 
has been enlarged to one acre, and con- 
tainsabout2i7graves. T.H. Lanceopeneda 

NEW CEMETERY 

adjoining this in 1865, which is private 
property, those interring herein buying fam- 
ily lots. The first grave here is that of 
Joseph Lance, Oct. 12, 1865. There are 
86 persons at this date buried here, July 
5, 1 88 1, and there are some very hand- 
some monuments of marble and granite. 
The town have built a tomb in the yai'd 
for public use. In 1854, the town pur- 
chased for $100 its first hearse. 

SCHOOLS 

were established as soon as there was a 
sufficient number of scholars in any local- 
ity. The first log school-house stood at 
the foot of Shephard Hill, just north of 
where the road near Harvey Smith's inter- 
sects with the Hazen road. Wooden pins 
were driven into the logs, and boards laid 
on them, for writing-desks ; benches were 
used for seats. The scholars had to turn 
their face to the wall to wiite. The first 
school was taught by John Gunn, in the 
summer of 1792. 

At the first town meeting, 1798, a vote 
was passed raising 20 bushels of wheat for 
the support of a town school, under the 
direction of the selectmen. At a town 
meeting, Mar. 9, 1789, this vote was re- 
scinded, as no school had been kept on ac- 
count of the great scarcity of wheat, but at 
the same meeting, 30 bushels of wheat 
was voted for a summer and winter school 
of 3 months each. The object had never 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



been lost sight of. Every town meeting 
voted for schools, and the matter was de- 
ferred simply from the hardshijj of the 
times. A town meeting was called ex- 
pressly in Oct. 1789, to consider the sub- 
ject of building a school-house, and a tax 
of $40 for the same voted, $35 to be paid 
in wheat and $5 in cash, nails or glass. 3s. 
was to be paid per day for a man's labor 
and 3 for his cattle, he finding himself and 
cattle in building said house. 

After a few years, a school-house was 
commenced by district No. i, nearly op- 
posite the burying-ground ; but being a 
bleak spot, was removed before finished, 
down into the corner of the field near the 
Junction. It was used both for a school 
and a town-house for a number of years. 
The school now numbered as high as 50 
scholars. Unruly ones were regulated by 
the big ferule, and if this was not suffi- 
cient, by the birch toughened in the hot 
embers, applied freely. Sweetmeats and 
delicacies for the children's dinners were 
scarce. They carried barley cakes, and 
roasted their potatoes in the ashes of the 
huge stone fireplace. 

District No. 2 was a large territory. The 
first school-house was built of logs, near 
where the old pound now stands. It is 
said the winter schools numbered as high as 
90 scholars. After a few years this house 
was burned, after which a better one was 
built. This district has built the most 
school-houses of any in town. It now has 
a large and nice one, but few scholars. 

In 1800, by request of Moses Stone, it 
was voted to form No. 3. The Lower 
Cabot district and other new districts were 
formed as needed . I n 1 80 1 , they were num- 
bered according to their formation. June 
10, 1801, the scholars in town from 4years 
to 18 were 89, and in 1803, 149. There 
are now 14 districts. All support school 
20 weeks each year, and most of them 31 
weeks. We have no academy, but our 
people have always manifested an interest 
in education, not only in the district schools, 
the safeguards of our civilization, but by 
liberal patronage of the academies in the 
adjoining towns. 



THE FACE OF THE TOWNSHIP 

is generally broken and uneven, the soil 
adapted to all the grains, roots and grasses 
of this latitude. The leading interest for 
the first 50 years was raising grain and 
cattle ; at present it is dairy and sheep hus- 
bandry. 

Joe's Pond is the largest body of water. 
It is about one-half in this town. It re- 
ceived its name from Capt. Joe, a Nova 
Scotia Indian. He was in the revolution- 
ary war, and used to traverse this section 
at an early day, and once had a camp on 
this shore. A smaller body of water in 
the east part of the town, about a mile in 
length and one-third in width, was named 
Molly's Pond for the Indian's wife, who 
travelled with him. [For the further inter- 
esting history of Capt. Joe and family, see 
Newbury, vol. II, of this work.] 

Coit's Pond, in the N. W. part of the 
town, was named when the town was sur- 
veyed, for one of the surveyors. It is a 
small sheet of water. The least disturb- 
ance in its waters roils it. It often goes by 
the name of Mud Pond. It is a consider- 
able tributary of the Winooski. 

West Hill Pond. — Previous to 182O' 
the bed of this pond was "the great 
meadow," of good service to the early set- 
tlers in furnishing grass and hay. They 
would cut their hay here in the summer 
and stack it, and draw it in on their hand- 
sleds in the winter to their log barns, a 
distance of 3 or 4 miles. Avery Atkins in 
1820, built a dam across the lower end of 
the meadow and flowed it. From that 
time it has been the West Hill Pond. The 
water comes from two streams in Wood- 
bury. It covers 60 acres, and makes a 
very fine water-power. It was used for 
years for a saw and grist-mill. West Hill 
brook, which empties into the Winooski, 
takes its rise in the N. E. part of the town. 
It is fed by several small brooks ; taking a 
southerly course, enters Marshfield. Upon 
this are several water privileges, some of 
whi*ch are very good, and are turned to 
good account. 

Molly's Brook, its source Molly's pond, 
takes a southerly course, and enters the 
Winooski at Marshfield. On this stream 



CABOT. 



are also good water privileges, that are 
used. 

Our Mineral Springs we do not pro- 
pose to discuss largely on, as we have but 
little (and we might as well say, none at 
all) knowledge of their analysis or the won- 
derful healing properties they contain. 
There is one spring a half mile west of the 
village, that is said to contain some excel- 
lent medicinal properties, and years ago 
was quite celebrated, and we have no doubt 
if plenty of money had been put into the 
Winooski, it might have been a success. 
At Lower Cabot there are two mineral 
springs, of which we have heard of their 
effecting some celebrated cures. They are 
strongly impregnated with sulphur, and we 
should judge would be first rate for the 
itch — that kind which no district school 
was fairly equipped without in the olden 
time. 

The years of 1780 and '81 were of great 
severity, on account of deep snows. 18 16 
is spoken of by those now living as being 
the year of famine, snow falling in June 4 
or 5 inches deep, blowing and drifting like 
winter ; scarcely any corn or other grain 
raised in town. One of the oldest inhab- 
itants has told me that "a barley cake was 
a barley cake that year." The next year 
they were obliged to go to Barre and New- 
bury to procure seeds for planting. 

We copy from an article in regard to 
first settlers' hardships in the " Cabot Ad- 
vertiser, July I, 1868: 

There was no grist-mill, and all the grain 
had to be carried to West Danville to mill. 
There was no road but sjiotted trees, and 
but one horse in town to do the milling 
with, and she was blind. She was owned 
by James Morse, Esq. When any one 
hired her to go to mill with, they had to 
carry a grist for Mr. Morse to pay for the 
use of the horse. They would put the 
grain on the back of the horse, leading her. 
All would go well until they came to a log 
in the road, when the horse would stumble 
over it, and throw the grist to the ground. 
With patience the grist would be reloaded 
and started on the trip, only to have the 
accident repeated from time to time during 
the journey. The grist ground, they would 
start for home, and meet with the sanie 
luck as when going, and arrive at their 
happy homes late at night. 



The first wagon in town was owned by 
James Morse, and was a dowry to his wife 
from some of her friends who died down 
country. The body is said to have been 
about 6 feet long, bolted tight to the axle, 
and was thought to be a gay vehicle. 

The first stove in town was owned by 
Dea. Jas. Marsh. It was a long, high 
stove, and took wood 3 feet long ; cost, $80. 
This caused a great deal of talk and dis- 
cussion in the community in regard to the 
utility of its use, health of the family, etc. 

The first clock in town was owned by 
John W. Dana. It was a tall-cased brass 
clock. 

The first carpet in town was had by Mrs. 
John W\ Dana, and came to her in the di- 
vision of her mother's things. A great 
many of the people had never seen a carpet 
when this came to town. But all these 
hardships were borne bravely, with the 
hope of better days. 

OLD TIME DISTILLERIES. 

Hanson Rogers, Esq., a stirring, ener- 
getic citizen, 1809, erected the first dis- 
tillery in town,. on Cabot Plain. As this 
was on nearly the highest land in town, 
where no running water could be obtained, 
he built quite a distance from the road, by 
a brook in the pasture now owned by Mr. 
W. S. Atkins, paying partly in blacksmith- 
ing — his trade, and the remainder in 
whisky. The distillery was ready for the 
crop of 1 8 10. So many potatoes were now 
planted, one distillery was insufficient for 
the increasing business. A desire to make 
money appeared to pervade the people of 
those days even as it does the people of 
these days. Judge Dana, the merchant, 
built another distillery nearly opposite the 
buildings owned by Wm. Adams. There 
now were two distilleries within a half mile 
of each other, that could use up all the po- 
tatoes raised in the immediate vicinity. 
But other portions of the town, seeing the 
ready sale and good price for potatoes, 
began to raise them more largely, which 
rendered the building of other distilleries 
necessary. In 18 16, one was built on the 
farm now owned by W. S. Atkins. Up to 
this time the product of these distilleries, 
that had not been consumed at home, had 
mainly been conveyed by teams to Boston 
and Portland. Now a new avenue was 
opened. The cloud of war began to settle 



90 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



down over our country, and soon we were 
involved in a conflict with Great Britain, 
and Cabot distillers, only about 40 miles 
from the Canada line, lost no time in find- 
ing a market in that country for the product 
of their stills. The good, orthodox cit- 
izens of this place seemed cjuite intent on 
obeying the divine injunction, " If thine 
enemy hunger, feed him ; if he t/iirst, give 
him drink.'''' This command, so explicit 
in its terms, the towns situated near the 
border seemed bound to carry out ; a large 
number of cattle were driven over, and no 
small quantity of whisky found ready sale 
among the British soldiery. It proved 
a lucrative business to those engaged in 
it. It was smuggling, and was rather 
risky business, but the "commandment" 
was plain and imperative, and must be 
followed. And about this time distilleries 
went into operation rapidly. One was put 
up by Deacon Stone, where I. F. Haines' 
woolen factory is now ; one by Capt. Sum- 
ner, on the farm now occupied by R. B. 
Bruce ; one on the farm of Chauncey Paine ; 
one on the old Cutting farm ; one on Dea. 
J. L. Adams' farm, where Union Block 
stands, and one where Hial Morse now 
lives; so that 12 distilleries were in 
full blast at one time in Cabot. These 
made whisky very plenty, and it was used 
in all the different callings of life. Some 
even thought it was cheaper than corn for 
common living. It is said one poor man 
in Plainfield used to say that he would buy 
a half bushel of corn-meal, and carry it 
home, and his wife would make it all up 
into hasty pudding, and the children would 
eat it all up and go to bed crying with 
hunger. But let him buy a gallon of 
whisky, and they would all go to sleep like 
kittens by the fire ; he thought whisky the 
cheapest diet. 

No occasion was ever perfect without it. 
If a neighbor came for a friendly visit ; if 
the pastor came to make a call, or to join a 
couple in the holy bonds of matrimony, or 
perform the last sad rites of burying the 
dead, and especially when a child was born 
into the world, the whisky and flip went 
around merrily ; and when the ladies had a 
quilting, every time they rolled the quilt 



all must take a little toddy, and when they 
had rolled it about four times, they were 
ready to drop work, tell stories and have a 
jolly time. A story is told of one of these 
good old ladies who at the conclusion of a 
quilting put on her bonnet, one of those 
large, old-fashioned poke bonnets, then in 
vogue, and got it on wrong side before, 
covering her face entirely, and was in 
great trouble to find the strings. The 
good old lady got out of the dilemma by 
the assistance of her friends, but never 
could tell exactly what the trouble was. 

All the public gatherings were held at 
the Plain, and the occasion which usually 
attracted the largest crowd was that of 
June training. At this time the military 
officers were elected for the following year. 
At one of these elections John Dow, who 
subsequently became a prominent minister 
of the Methodist denomination, was elect- 
ed captain. After the election, Capt. Dow, 
as in duty bound, ordered the treat, and 
all drank to repletion, after which the com- 
pany was formed for drill and inspection, 
and the various evolutions gone through 
with. During the practice, one of the 
brothers of the newly-elected captain, who 
had imbibed somewhat freely, was unable 
to keep time with the music, and finally 
fell flat on the ground. His comrades 
helped him to his feet, and began to up- 
braid him for his unseemly conduct ; with 
maudlin wit he answered, " It is all right ; 
the Dows to-day are rising and falling." 

About 18 1 5, the newly-set orchards com- 
menced bearing; great cjuantities of apples 
were brought into market, and cider-mills 
were built in different parts of the town, 
and some of the inhabitants began to have 
cider in addition to whisky for a beverage. 
The first cider-mill was built by Robert 
Lance, nearly opposite the residence of 
Albert Osgood, in 1819. 

Cider and whisky were the staple com- 
modities of the time, the former selling for 
$3 per barrel, and the latter from 67 to 75 
cents per gallon. So common was their 
use, they were regarded very much as 
"United States" currency in these days. 

No farmer thought of beginning a winter 
with less than 1 2 or 15 barrels of cider and 



CABOT. 



91 



one or two barrels of whisky in the cellar.. 
It was no uncommon thing for a young 
man to hire out for the season for 300 gal- 
lons of whisky, and this he would dispose 
of for stock, store-pay, or anything he 
could get. 

About 1823, the farmers began to think 
raising so many potatoes was running out 
their farms, and, after all, not so profitable 
as some other crops, and less were planted, 
and the number of distilleries decreased, 
until in 1832, there were none running in 
town, and New England rum was used by 
those who thought they must have some- 
thing stimulating, and sold freely at all the 
stores and hotels in town. 

About 1825, the temperance question 
began to be agitated ; people commenced 
to think they could get along without quite 
so much stimulant, and from that time to 
the present, there has been a marked dim- 
inution in the quantity absorbed in town. 

The writer has in this matter endeavored 
to state facts simply and fully, but does 
not mean to be understood as saying that 
in the manufacture and sale of liquors, 
Cabot was a sinner above the other towns 
in that vicinity, for it is probably a fact 
that for its number of inhabitants, it had 
fewer distilleries than any other town in 
this section. 

POST-OFFICE. 

There was no public mail service in 
Cabot till 1808. The only newspaper 
taken by the pioneer settlers was the North 
Star, then as now published at Danville, 
and this was procured by each subscriber 
taking his turn in sending his boy, or going 
himself on horseback to the printing office, 
and bringing the papers for his neighbor- 
hood in saddle-bags. What he could not 
distribute on his way home were left at the 
grist-mill, then owned and run by Thomas 
Lyford, on the same site where the mill 
now stands, and by him were distributed 
as the subscribers came, or sent to the mill 
for them. None of the subscribers of that 
day are now living, but their children tell 
me that the receipt of the paper was 
deemed a matter of so much imjjortance 
that all the family gave attention while 
some one of their number, by the light of 



the tallow candle or the fainter flicker of 
the fireplace, read aloud not only the news 
but the entire contents of the paper. 

Letters were brought by travelers passing 
through the town. In this way the early 
settlers received their mails for the first 23 
years . 

The first regular mail service through 
Cabot was begun in 1808, and Henry 
Denny was the first carrier, his horseback 
route extending from Montpelier to the 
Canada line, passing through Cabot, Dan- 
ville, Lyndon, Barton, etc., and his re- 
turn was made by way of Craftsbury and 
Hardwick. The round trip occupied about 
10 days. About the year 1810, he com- 
menced to bring the Vermont Watc/unan, 
published then as now in Montpelier, and 
when he came to the house of a subscriber 
he would blow his tin horn lustily, and im- 
patiently await the coming of some mem- 
ber of the family to receive the same. 

Mr. Nickerson Warner vi^as the first 
postmaster at Cabot. He then lived on 
the farm now owned by H. W. Powers, on 
the road now leading to Walden. The 
post road, however, left the present road 
near the old school-house, at the lower 
village, running by the present residence 
of W. S. Atkins, thence by the centre of 
the town near the old pound, and by the 
farm now owned by A. F. Sulham, and so 
on by Dexter Reed's, coming out at A. G. 
Dickenson's, at the Plain, and then to 
Danville FourCorners. Mr. Warner living 
so far from the post road, engaged Lene 
Orcutt, who lived on the farm now owned 
by A. F. Sulham, to keep the office. 

At this time meetings were held at the 
Center on the Sabbath, and what mail was 
not distributed during the week he brought 
to church, feeling sure to see there all in- 
habitants of the town. The office re- 
mained at this place for 6 years, until 18 14, 
when Jeremiah Babcock was appointed 
postmaster. He then lived on the farm 
now occupied by Harvey Dow, and this 
being but a short distance from the post 
road, he removed the office to his house. 

Mr. Cate of Marshfield, now became 
mail carrier, still taking it on horseback 
the same as his predecessor, Mr. Denny. 



92 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



In 1820, Mr. Babcock resigned, and his 
son Harvey was appointed in his place. 
By this time a store had been started at 
what is now known as Lower Cabot, and 
Mr. Babcock put the office in there. Cap- 
tain Covel, Senior, was the next to carry 
the mail, which service he performed some 
8 or 10 years, during which time Mr. Bab- 
cock resigned and left town. In 1827, 
Hector McLean was appointed postmaster, 
prior to which time, however. Captain 
Covel had died, and Deacon Adams be- 
came mail-carrier. 

At this time the country had become 
more thickly settled, and the road so passa- 
ble that Deacon A. concluded to try the 
experiment of a stage, and he was the first 
to put on a team for the accommodation of 
passengers. His rig consisted of two 
horses and a wagon with body firmly bolted 
to the axle, so that passengers in riding 
over the rough roads and poor bridges got 
the full spring of the axle. 

Deacon Adams dying, Deacon Kellogg 
became his successor. Of him it was re- 
lated that he was a great smoker, and 
having straw in the bottom of his wagon, 
it took fire from his pipe and came near 
burning up his whole establishment. So 
say the old inhabitants. 

By this time quite a settlement had 
grown up at what is now known as the 
village of Cabot. About the year 1834, 
George Dana was appointed postmaster, 
and he removed the office to that village, 
where it has since been kept, with the ex- 
ception of one year. This -year was when 
Jacob Collamer of this state was post- 
master-general, and Salma Tressell of the 
Lower village was postmaster. This re- 
moval to the Lower village, as a matter of 
course, created no little feeling, which re- 
sulted in a long and bitter struggle between 
the two villages which resulted at last in 
the appointment of Dr. Doe as postmaster, 
when the office was again returned to its 
former quarters in the store of Elijah Perry 
at the village of Cabot. It has since re- 
mained in that village, changing hands 
from time to time as the postmasters have 
died or moved away, or the administration 
changed. 



After Deacon Kellogg, different carriers 
transported the mails for short terms until 
about 1830, when Cottrill and Clark be- 
came owners of the route, and put on good 
horses and good coaches from Montpelier 
to Danville, there connecting with stages 
from Canada to Boston, also to Littleton 
and the White Mountains, going from 
Montpelier to Danville one day and return- 
ing the next. This was continued until 
i860, when a daily mail was obtained from 
Montpelier to Cabot, the route from Cabot 
to Danville still being tri-weekly until 1862, 
when the daily service was continued 
through to Danville. After this the con- 
tractors were so numerous and changed so 
often that it is impossible to enumerate 
them . 

The mails were run in this way until the 
spring of 1872, when on the starting of 
the Portland & Ogdensburgh railroad the 
route over the hill to Danville was discon- 
tinued, and a route to Walden depot was 
established. Then we began to receive 
the Boston mail at 7 o'clock, p. m.. and 
this made it seem as if we were brought 
into the heart of the business world. 

On the I2th of March, 1874, the service 
of teams from Montpelier to Marshfield was 
discontinued and the mails were transferred 
to the cars of the Montpelier & Wells 
River railroad, so that we now receive our 
daily mails both by the Portland & Ogdens- 
burgh and the Montpelier & Wells River 
railroad at 7 o'clock in the evening. 

In thus briefly reviewing the mail ser- 
vice of the past we cannot but be impressed 
with the progress made in these matters 
duriftg the past 56 years. No more wait- 
ing until late at night for the arrival and 
opening of the mail, which, perhaps, con- 
tains tidings of great moment. No more 
shoveling through deep drifts of snow to 
render passable the road over Danville hill. 
In place of these we hear the shrill whistle 
from the engines of two railroads, and our 
mail is brought with celerity, certainty and 
security almost to our very door. 

In 1866, Alonzo F. Sprague was ap- 
pointed postmaster, since which he has 
discharged the duties of the office to the 
satisfaction of all. We think, if the admin- 



CABOT. 



93 



istration should change, they could hardly 
make up their mind to remove him. 

TELEGRAPH SERVICE. 

In 1871, the Vermont International Tel- 
egraph Company made a proposition to 
the town if they would give them $200 and 
set the poles, they would run their wires 
from the P. & O. R. R. line to the village 
of Cabot. In a few weeks the click of the 
telegraph was heard in Sprague & Wells' 
store. Charles B. Putnam was appointed 
manager of the office, he employing an 
operator. He held the position but one 
year, when he left town, and Hiram Wells 
was appointed, who has been the operator 
for 8 years. 

THE CHURCHES IN CABOT. 

Dea. Edward Chapman, the third set- 
tler, was a Baptist, and held meetings 
nearly every Sabbath in town, and was oc- 
casionally called to Danville and Peacham 
to preach. Cabot, also, was visited occa- 
sionally, by Dr. Crossman, Baptist mis- 
sionary from Unity, N. H., and by Rev. 
Mr. Ainsworth. 

In March, 1797, an article was in the 
warning for March meeting " to see if 
the town would provide means to secure 
preaching some part of the ensuing year." 
It was passed over at that meeting, but at 
a town meeting June 17, 1799, there was 
an article in the warning to see if it was 
the wish of the town to settle Rev. Dr. 
Crossman as their minister. It was " voted 
that he be settled, piovided he will accept 
such terms as a majority of the town shall." 
" Voted a committee of 7 be appointed to 
wait on the Rev. Doctor and examine his 
credentials ;" committee : Joseph Blanch- 
ard, John Whittier, Esq., Henry Beards- 
ley, Capt. David Blanchard, Lyman Hitch- 
cock, Thomas Osgood, Joseph Huntoon, 
the committee to report the same afternoon. 
This committee reported they found his 
credentials satisfactory ; and that as a 
majority of the town were of different per- 
suasion from the Rev. Dr. Crossman, Bap- 
tist, that this should make no difference in 
regard to their church privileges, but every 
person holding a certificate from a regular 
organized church, whether they believed 



in sprinkling or plunging, should be ad- 
mitted to all the rights of church member- 
ship, and that every person of sober life 
and good deportment, who wished should 
be admitted a member of the church. 
They also reported that " six of the com- 
mittee were for giving one half of the pub- 
lic right and for buildings on the same." 
In every town there was one right set 
apart to be given to the first settled minis- 
ter ; after a prolonged discussion it was 
voted not to accept the report of the com- 
mittee. 

It appears a report had got into circula- 
tion that Dr. Crossman was under censure 
in the church in Croydon, N. H., of which 
he was a member ; and for this reason it 
was voted not to accept the report of the 
committee ; but another town meeting was 
called for Feb. 18, 1800, to give Rev. Mr. 
Crossman an opportunity to vindicate him- 
self; which by papers and letters he did to 
the full satisfaction of all present, and by 
his request the town voted to give him 
declaration on account of his not being 
under censure as was reported in this town, 
that his character should not suffer any 
more in this place. With this ended all 
efforts to settle Dr. Crossman. 

Several town meetings were called to 
take into consideration the subject of 
hiring a minister, but no minister was ever 
hired by the town. 

Aug. 15, 1801 , a town meeting was called 
to complete the organization of a religious 
society. The organization was completed 
and a vote passed that this society be 
known by the name and firm of 

CONGREGATIONALISTS in the TOWN OF 
CABOT. 

Officers elected : Thomas Osgood, clerk ; 
Oliver Walbridge, treasurer ; Joseph Fish- 
er, Horace Beardsley, Thomas Osgood, 
as.sessors ; Clement Coburn, John Edger- 
ton, Reuben Atkins, committee ; Moses 
Stone, collector. 

The first vote of the society was to in- 
struct Dr. Beardsley to engage the services 
of Rev. Mr. Joslin a certain period of time, 
not exceeding 4 months. 



94 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



A BAPTIST NOTIFICATION 

was read for the inhabitants of the town of 
Cabot of the Baptist persuasion, to meet 
at the Centre school house, May 12, 1803. 
At this meeting the following officers were 
elected : Perley Scott, clerk ; Fifield Ly- 
ford, treasurer; John N. Gunn, John 
Whittier, John Spiller, assessors ; Enoch 
Hoyt, collector ; Samuel Kingston, John 
Blanchard, Thomas Lyford, committee. 

From this date there were two religious 
societies in town, and men began to take 
sides, and there are a large number of cer- 
tificates upon the records, showing that the 
signers do not agree with the other society. 
One man evidently meant to make a sure 
thing of it, and recorded his certificate as 
not agreeing with either society. 

THE CONGREGATIONAL CHURCH 

was organized at the old Center school- 
house, Oct. 25, 1801, the Rev. Mr. Ran- 
som, of Rochester, and the Rev. Mr. Hal- 
lock, missionary from Connecticut, being 
present. 

Original Members :— Clement Coburn, 
Gershom Beardsley, Stephen Clark, Oliver 
Walbridge, Elias Hitchcock, Lene Or- 
cutt, Hepzebah Osgood, Ruth Beardsley, 
Miriam Clark, Elizabeth Walbridge, Peggy 
Hitchcock, Anna Church, Lucy Osgood. 

Clement Coburn, who had been deacon 
of the Congregational church in Charles- 
ton, Mass. , was first deacon and moderator ; 
Evans Beardsley the first clerk elected. 
For the first 22 years they had no settled 
minister. They furnished themselves when 
they could by hiring, which was seldom, 
and missionaries were sometimes sent to 
them from Massachusetts and Connecticut. 
But when they had no minister, one of the 
deacons, or some one of the society, read 
to them a sermon on the Sabbath. They 
always maintained worship on the Sab- 
bath, every brother considering himself 
pledged to assist as called upon. For the 
first 6 years meetings were held in the 
Centre school-house, or at a dwelling- 
house near the Centre ; often in Esquire 
Mercer's barn and the barn of Oliver Wal- 
bridge. In 1804-5, the Cjuestion of build- 
ing a meeting-house was agitated. It was 



raised Sept. 25, 1806, but the frame stood 
in an unfinished state until about 1810. 
The pew-ground was sold Dec. 12, 1809, 
payment to be made in three yearly pay- 
ments, i cash ; the remainder in neat stock 
or materials for the house. Committee for 
building the house, Moses Stone, Joseph 
Smith, Henry Walbridge, Eliphalet Adams 
and Luther Wheatley. 

The old meeting-house was large on the 
ground ; two rows of windows all around, 
high belfry ; within, gallery on three sides ; 
16 pews in the gallery ; 42 pews below; 
would seat about 300. The struggle to 
finish it was hard. All parts of the town 
assembled to worship in it 18 summers 
before it was plastered. In the winter 
meetings were held in dwelling-houses 
and school-houses. In 1817, there was an 
especial revival and in-gathering of 41 
members, although without any settled 
minister. 

REV. MOSES INGALLS, 

the first pastor and first settled minister, 
was ordained and installed over the church, 
Oct. 27, 1823. He was engaged to jDreach 
one-half of the time at salary of $200, 5 of 
it payable in cash, | in produce or neat 
stock, to be delivered in the month of > 
October. He was dismissed Apr. 20, 
1825. The next two years the church was 
served by supplies. Reverends Wright, 
of Montpelier, Worcester, of Peacham, 
French, of Barre, and Hobart, of Berlin. 
During this time, 1826, one of the most 
powerful revivals took place that the town 
ever witnessed, of which Rev. Levi H. 
Stone, then a young man then and after- 
wards pastor of the church, writes : 

The church was without a pastor, but 
were aided now and then a Sabbath by 
neighboring ministers. Late in autumn 
they obtained the services of the Rev. Asa 
Lowe, small in stature, weak in voice, an 
old bachelor, with many whims, which 
might be expected to lessen the moral 
force of his labors, and the church and so- 
ciety were in serious trouble ; most posi- 
tively divided over the question of finish- 
ing their church edifice where it then stood, 
on the geographicfal center of the town, or 
to remove it to the " Upper Branch." 
This question was seemingly disposed of, 
by a vote to finish where it then stood, 



CABOT. 



95 



and Ebenezer Smith, Esq., was appointed 
to raise funds and complete the work. 
Living some 3 miles east from the Center, 
on the Peacham road, it was natural he 
should oppose the removal of the house. 
He entered upon his duties with zeal, and 
rode and walked night and day, and had 
nearly raised the required amount, and 
partially, if not quite, completed the con- 
tract with Asa Edgerton, a meeting-house 
builder, to do the work, when an opposi- 
tion movement was started, and prevailed, 
and the house was removed to the village. 
This transaction was by a large number of 
the church and society pronounced un- 
manly and unchristian, and resulted in 
very positive alienation. Some went to 
the Methodist, some to the Freewill Bap- 
tist, then worshipping on the West Hill, 
and others remained at home. 

But there was salt in that church which 
preserved it from putrefaction. Deacons 
Moses Stone and Eliphalet' Adams cov- 
enanted (and with them covenant meant 
something) to sustain a weekly meeting 
for prayer and conference, so long as they 
could say wc. Others seeing their good 
works and spirit, began to do likewise, and 
beyond expectation, tender and brotherly 
feeling was supplantingjealousy and anger, 
so that in September and October meet- 
ings were full. But it is unquestionably 
true that a thoughtful, inquiring state of 
mind was first manifest in the Methodist 
meetings. Their social meetings, both on 
the Sabbath and week-day evenings, were 
held in the house of Judge Dana, the 
abode of the late Joseph Lance, Esq. The 
young minister, Ireson, was nearly always 
present, and he possessed a most happy 
faculty of conducting social as well as 
Sabbath meetings. 

As early as Oct. it was apparent an in- 
visible agency was moving the people. 
There began to be instances of " the new 
birth," and where least expected, but it 
was not till December that a general re- 
ligious feeling prevailed, and persons alien- 
ated and bitter began to seek reconciliation 
in tender, prayerful earnestness. 

The first " watch-meeting" ever held in 
Cabot was in the Methodist church, on the 
evening of the 31st of Dec, 1825. Mr. 
Norton, living on the " Plain," an aged, 
gentlemanly, scholarly man, lately from 
Massachusetts. His views were in oppo- 
sition to the meeting and its measures, 
which he expressed, but his position and 
remarks were so met as only to increase 
the interest. A sermon from Rev. Mr. 
Ireson, prayers, confessions, exhortations, 
and singing by the congregation, filled the 
time to a late hour, when it was proposed 
as many as desired an especial interest in 



the prayers of saints should come to the 
altar, when, as a cloud, nearly one hun- 
dred went forward, filling the aisles nearly 
to the doors, among whom were Henry G. 
Perkins, the merchant, and his wife, Wm. 
Fisher and wife, Wm. Ensign, Horace 
Haynes, Clarissa and Ruth Osgood, Ruth 
and Louisa Coburn, all of whom are now 
in possession of the then promised rest. 
That year gave to the Congregational 
church about 100 members, and the Meth- 
odist received probably about as many, 
and several went to the Baptist, on the 
West Hill. Toward 300 hopeful conver- 
sions occurred that year in the town of 
Cabot, and the laborers were mainly the 
good fathers and mothers in those Israels. 
Home talent, with God's favor, wrought 
wonders, as it always will. 

One event which deepened the impres- 
sions of the people generally, I may not 
omit — the death of Dea. E. Adams, early 
in the year. Cold nights found him upon 
his knees, pleading for the lost. He lived 
to rejoice at the opening of the work and 
ingathering of some of the sheaves, when 
he was called to ascend and be ready upon 
the celestial plains to welcome the re- 
deemed from his own town, as one after 
another should slide down from the wings 
of angels, and enter into that "purchased 
rest." 

Among the young, no one probably 
equaled, in labors and influence, the Rev. 
John F. Stone, now of Montpelier. He 
will be remembered by many now living, 
as their attention shall be called to those 
days, but by a vastly larger number who 
have gone over the River. 

But a wonderful readiness to do and 
bear, characterized both old and young. 
The evening meetings here and there, in 
school-houses, and dwelling-houses in re- 
mote neighborhoods, as well as in the 
more central, were sure to be fully attend- 
ed. The weather made but little differ- 
ence. " Enduring hardness, as good 
soldiers of Jesus Christ," seemed a priv- 
ilege then as well as duty. 

Now, while these reminiscences cannot 
be as dear to strangers as to those among 
whom they transpired, yet they may afford 
some thoughts deserving consideration. 

In 1824 the meeting-house was taken 
down and moved to the village, where the 
school-house now stands, and finished, 
and for those days was a very fine struc- 
ture. 

By a subscription of the citizens in 1839, 
a bell of 1 100 pounds, cost, $300, was 
hung in the belfry, the first bell in town, 



96 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



and said to have been one of the finest 
toned bells in the country. After a few- 
years it was cracked; was recast in 1848, 
and again hung in the belfry. 

This meeting-house was used until 1849, 
when it was torn down, and the house now 
occupied by this church was built. Jan. 3, 
1827, Rev. Henry Jones was ordained and 
installed pastor of the church, to preach 
for them I of the time, at a salary of $225, 
one-half payable in grain, and one-half in 
money. After 4 years^ labor with them he 
was dismissed May 28, 1832. To 1839 
they had no settled minister. In the fall 
of 1839, 

REV. LEVI H. STONE 

was ordained and settled. Mr. Stone was 
raised in this town, and this was his first 
pastorate. Without flattery we can say, 
in person rather tall and commanding, 
with pleasant voice and manner, his ser- 
mons were well planned, delivery good, 
and whenever he spoke he commanded 
attention. He was pastor 6 years, and the 
church enjoyed a good degree of prosper- 
ity. 

From 1846 to '49, again there was no 
settled minister, but Rev. S. N. Robinson, 
a very scholarly man from New York, was 
the acting pastor for a large share of the 
time. 

Nov. I, 1849, Rev. Edward Cleveland 
was installed as pastor, a very wide-awake, 
go-ahead man, who believed in people 
wearing out instead of rusting out. 

During the winter of 1850 and '51 a 
great revival occurred. Mr. C. was as- 
sisted by Rev. Mr. Galliher, an evangelist 
from Missouri ; 48 persons, many of them 
heads of families, and in some instances 
whole families, were added to the church. 

Mr. Cleveland was dismissed Oct. 9, 
1853. To 1859, quite a portion of the 
time Rev. T. G. Hubbard was acting 
pastor. In the autumn of 1859, Rev. S. F. 
Drew was installed, and remained 12 years. 
During this time, although there was no 
especial revival, there was a goodly num- 
ber of additions each year, and the church 
was in a jDrosperous condition. Mr. Drew 



removed from town in May, 1 871, though 
not dismissed till Nov. 1872. 

Rev. B. S. Adams was the supply from 
Mr. Drew's removal from town till Nov. 
1872, when he was settled as pastor, which 
office he now fills, July, 1881. During his 
ID years of labor the church has continued 
in a good working condition. They have 
thoroughly repaired their house, and made 
it a very pleasant place of worship, and 
bought a fine organ, at a cost of $800. 

Since 1801 to June i, 1881, whole num- 
ber of members, 537; children baptized, 
307. The records show during its first 15 
years the sacrament and ordinance of bap- 
tism was administered nearly every time 
by Rev. James Hobart, who must have 
been a father to this church. The present 
number of members is 126. During the 
80 years of the existence of this church, it 
has passed through many trials, and at 
times it has almost looked as though it 
would go to destruction ; but it was an- 
chored to a sure foundation, and all must 
acknowledge it has been the means of 
doing great good in the community. 

DEACONS OF THE CHURCH. 

Moses Stone and Eliphalet Adams were 
elected about 1808 ; each served the church 
faithfully, by holding meetings in different 
parts of the town, and officiating on the 
Sabbath when the church was without a 
minister. Deacon Adams died in the 
winter of 1826, aged 45 years. Deacon 
Stone went to the grave like the shock of 
corn fully ripe, at 77 years, July 13, 1842. 

At a meeting of the church, June 11, 
1827, James Marsh, Samson Osgood and 
Marcus O. Fisher were elected to the office 
of deacons, and Oct. 31, 1827, at a meet- 
ing of the circular conference with this 
church, they were solemnly consecrated 
to the office of deacon by prayer, in which 
the Rev. James Hobart led, and by the 
laying on of hands of Revs. James Hobart, 
Justin W. French and Henry Jones. The 
sermon was preached by Rev. Mr. French, 
and charge to the deacons was by Rev. Mr. 
Hobart. 

Joseph Hoyt was elected July 16, 1851, 
and served until he removed to Cameron, 



CABOT. 



57 



Mo., where he died in 1870. He was a 
valuable member, always aiding by his 
presence at all the meetings, and assisting 
pecuniarily to the fullest extent of his 
ability. When he removed West it was 
not only a great loss to the church butalso 
to the town. 

May 6, 1865, it was voted to elect three 
additional deacons. N. K. Abbott, Ed- 
ward G. Haines and Edwin Fisher were 
elected and consecrated Feb. 1866, by 
prayer and laying on of hands by the 
pastor, Rev. S. F. Drew and Rev. Nathan 
Wheeler. 

Deacon Haines died Jan. 28, 1867; 
taken in the midst of his usefulness, bright 
prospects appearing to be opening before 
him. All had the utmost confidence in his 
integrity. To him the church looked for a 
strong support for years to come, but at 
the early age of 38 years, the brittle silver 
thread was loosed, and the golden bowl 
broken. 

The deacons of the church at the present 
time are N. K. Abbott, J. L. Adams, I. 
F. Haines and M. L. Haines. 

SABBATH SCHOOL. 

The first Sabbath instruction for their 
children among the early settlers upon the 
Plain, was in 1804, when the settlement 
was still sparse. During the week, the 
children learned portions of the Assembly'' s 
catechism which the Puritan settlers 
brought from their early homes, and on 
the Sabbath day when they had no preach- 
ing, the good mothers would gather them 
together at some one of their houses, and 
have them recite their lessons learned dur- 
ing the week. They also had prayer and 
religious conversation, all of which served 
to give the young minds a start in the 
right direction. I had these facts from 
Mrs. Nathaniel Webster more than 20 
years since. 

In 18 18, the Sabbath school connected 
with the Congregational chuixh was organ- 
ized at the Lower village school-house by 
Col. Washburn and Esq. Hale from 
Greensboro. They met at half-past four 
p. M., and were continued only through the 
summer months. 



The school Jiumbered from 30 to 40 pu- 
pils. It is said young ladies walked from 
Marshfield, a distance of 4 or 5 miles, to 
attend this school. The next year John 
Damon started a Sabbath school on the 
Plain, holding it in the hall of the yellow 
house, where he then lived. 

The 4th of July these schools had a cel- 
ebration at the centre of the town. Some 
of the old people living who were children 
then, speak of it now as one of the most 
enjoyable 4th of July's of their lives. 

Deacon Moses Stone was the first supt. 
This school has never lost its organization, 
and has always been well sustained. As 
years moved along, Bible-classes were con- 
nected with it, and now old and young 
gather together for the study of the Bible. 
Among the early and active ones in the 
Sabbath school were William Fisher, Rev. 
John Stone, John R. Putnam ; and of 
more recent dates, the supts., Mr. Milton 
Fisher, Joseph Hoyt, A. P. Perry and 
many more we might mentioij did not lim- 
ited space forbid. The school now num- 
bers 120; average attendance 85 ; library, 
very good ; 125 books. 

The Sabbath school is truly said to be 
the nursery of the church. 

THE FREEWILL BAPTIST CHURCH 

was organized in 1803. at the house of 
Lieut. Thomas Lyford, the ministers of- 
ciating, elders Benjamin Page and Aaron 
Buel of Strafford, Vt. ; first members : 
Anthony Perry and wife ; David Haines 

and wife ; Spiller ; Enoch Hoyt 

and wife ; Joseph Hoyt and wife ; Ezra 
Hoyt and wife ; Mr. Bruce, Benjamin 
Hoyt, David Lyford, Samuel Kingston, 
Abraham Hinks and David Blanchard ; 
deacons: Enoch Hoyt, David Blanchard 
and Benjamin Hoyt. 

The town records show that Rev. Ben- 
jamin Page was settled as pastor the same 
year of the organization, which gave him 
a clear title to the minister-lot, he being 
the first settled minister in town. This he 
received, it now being the farm of George 
M. Webster, Esq. It was then in a state 
of nature, but his parishioners at once 
turned out and cut and cleared 10 acres for 
him, and built a barn on the same. But 



13 



98 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



it is said he did not remain their minister 
long after he got it in shape to sell. 

Meetings were held at the houses and 
in the barns for quite a number of years ; 
and they used often the Congregational 
meeting-house at the Centre, after it was 
in shape to use. 

In 1829, they built a meeting-house on 
the west hill where quite a large number 
of these members lived. The house was 
of more modern style than either of the 
other meeting-houses, being but one story, 
gallery across one end, and the pulpit only 
about 6 feet from the floor. It had no 
tower. It was occupied regularly by the 
church for about 20 years, and during the 
time, they had some very able ministers, 
and some very stirring meetings. 

The quarterly meetings are spoken of 
as being very interesting occasions and 
largely attended ; some coming 15 or 20 
miles to attend them. 

In about 12 or 15 years, the church be- 
gan to suffer heavily by deaths and remov- 
als, and about 1850, it lost its organization. 
One board after another began to disap- 
pear from the old house, and in 1875, it 
went over to the majority. 

I have not been able to find any record 
of this church. This account has been 
obtained from the "oldest inhabitants of 
this and adjoining towns. 

THE METHODIST CHURCH IN CABOT. 

BY HEV. EOBEUT SANDEK!<0N. 

The first family that moved into town 
became afterward identified with Method- 
ism. The wife of Benj. Webster was one 
of the members of the first class. It is 
stated by one of the oldest members of the 
church that her mother attended a quar- 
terly meeting on Cabot Plain about 1808. 
This seems to be the first commencement 
of the society, although the first class was 
not formed until about 181 1. The mem- 
bers of the first class were : Mrs. Judge 
Dana, Mrs. Dr. Scott, Mrs. B. Webster, 
Mrs. Hills, Mrs. N. Webster, Mrs. Durgin 
and Mrs. Rogers. The first men to join 
the class, some short time afterwards, 
were Judge J. W. Dana, Daniel Smith and 
Dr. Scott. There may have been others 



connected with the class at that time ; we 
have only been able to find the above, 
and have no doubt they were the original 
members. The first Methodist sermon 
preached in town was probably by Thomas 
Branch, in 1807 or '8. One of the oldest 
inhabitants says he remembers going to 
meeting when quite a boy, and hearing 
the first Methodist sermon preached in 
town. Thomas Branch was presiding 
elder of Vermont district about this time. 
The first circuit preacher was Bro. Stearns. 
The first presiding elder who seemed to 
have had anything to do with Cabot as a 
circuit, was Eleazer Wells. In 1814, Lo- 
renzo Dow preached his first sermon in 
Cabot, in the old Congregational meeting- 
house at the Center before it was finished, 
using the work-bench for his pulpit. After 
announcing his text, he said Jesus Christ 
sat down and taught the people ; so shall 
I, and sat during the delivery of his dis- 
course. There seems to have been quite 
a reformation in the winter of the year 
1816. The summer following, the Meth- 
odists held their meetings in the tannery, 
which is now used as a dwelling-house by 
Widow E. Perry, next to Sprague & Wells' 
block. Up to this date they had held their 
meetings in the houses and barns, chiefly 
at Cabot Plain, the quarterly meetings 
being held in the Congregational church at 
the Center. The first camp-meeting held 
in town was in 1820, in the grove owned 
by Daniel Smith, now owned by A. M. 
Foster, where over 80 tents were pitched. 
The presiding elder was John Lin.sey, who 
is said to have been a man of thunder. 
The first church was built about 1822 or 
1823, the land and timber being furnished 
by Judge Dana, who had connected him- 
self with the poor and despised Methodists, 
to the wonderment of the community, a 
man of his standing to be so short-sighted 
as to connect himself with such fanatics. 
It was owing to his influence and liberality 
the church was built. In 1825 and '26 the 
great reformation took place, commencing 
with the watch-night service in the Meth- 
odist church. Bro. E. Ireson was the 
preacher. The revival spread throughout 
the town, both churches taking part in the 



CABOT. 



99 



work. The facts up to this date we have 
had to gather as we could, not being able to 
find any previous record. Thos. Ljford has 
supplied us with most of the information, 
he being a small boy then. His people 
afterwards became connected with the 
Methodists. In 1828, Cabot circuit con- 
tained Cabot, Calais, Woodbury, Peacham, 
Walden, Goshen Gore and Marshfield, 
with a membership of 312. We find a 
record of the first quarterly conference : 

At a quarterly meeting conference, held 
at Cabot, July 5, 1828, William Peck was 
chosen secretary. Luke Richardson was 
appointed recording steward. Licensed 
Pro. Horace A. Warner to preach in a 
local capacity. Licensed Bro. G. B. Hous- 
ton as anexhorter. Licensed Bro. Samuel 
Stocker as a local preacher. Licensed Bro. 
William Simons as an exhorter. Elected 
the following brethren as a committee of 
arrangement for the year ensuing. Luke B. 
Richardson, Timothy Haynes, John W. 
Dana, voted that the next quarterly con- 
ference be held at Walden. A true copy 
of the record. Attest, 

L. B. Richardson, 

Reed. Steward. 

The preachers in charge at this time 
were N. W. Aspenwall and E. J. Scott. 
Below is the estimate of their salary : 

Quarterage, Bro. Aspenwall and wife, 
and one child under seven years. 

Quarterage. Table House Fuel. Traveliu;? Total, 
expenses, rent. expenses. 

$216.00 $75 $20 $20 $13 $344.00 

E. J. Scott and wife, 

200.00 53-54 10 5 8 276.50 

Total receipts, 

N. W. Aspenwall, $123.34 
E. J. Scott, 71.84 

In the quarterly report for January 3, 
1830, we find the following resolution: 

Resolved, that Oliver J. Warner, J. W. 
Dana and William Lance be a committee 
to purchase a suitable piece of ground, and 
build thereon a parsonage house and barns, 
provided a sufficient amount is subscribed 
to warrant the purchase of said land, and 
the commencement of said building. 

In 1830, John Courier received his first 
license to preach, and was recommended 
to the traveling connection. In 1832, or 
2 years after their appointment, the com- 
mittee bought of Joseph Preston one acre 
of land, house and barns thereon ; cost, 
$20Q, where the widows Heath and Lyford 



now have houses. The society put itself 
on record on the side of liberty and tem- 
perance : 

Resolutions. (2uarterly meeting held at 
Cabot, May 11, 1839. 

1st. That slavery as it exists in the 
United States of America is under all cir- 
cumstances a sin against God, contrary to 
the rights of our fellow-men enslaved. 

2d. That it is the duty of every Chris- 
tian philanthropist and republican to use 
all lawful means for the peaceful emanci- 
pation of all the enslaved of our land. 

3d. That we claim the right to examine 
and discuss this subject, and also to peti- 
tion Congress for the immediate abolish- 
ment of slavery in the District of Columbia. 

ON TEMPERANCE. 

1st. that the manufactory and vending 
of intoxicating drinks, for a beverage, is an 
immorality. 

2d. That it is inconsistent with Christian 
principles and a growth in grace to use in- 
toxicating drinks as a beverage. 

3d. That by precept and example, we 
discourage the use of all intoxicating drinks 
as a beverage. . 

In 1848, the parsonage lot was sold to 
W. B. Cutting. Henry Russell, Joseph 
Lance and John Clark, committee. In 

185 1, S. Aldrich was the preacher. Quite 
a reformation took place ; several conver- 
sions ; some have gone to receive their re- 
ward ; others are among our leading mem- 
bers to-day. Removing and rebuilding 
the church was commenced ; completed in 

1852, by Bro. A. L. Cooper, appointed to 
the charge that year. 

NOTICE OF THE DEDICATION. 

Providence permitting, the newly-repair- 
ed Methodist meeting-house at Cabot will 
be dedicated to the service of God "on 
Tuesday, December 14, services com- 
mencing at II o'clock A. M. Sermon by 
Rev. J. Currier. Brethren in the ministry 
and others in the vicinity are invited to 
attend. A. L. Cooper. 

December 2, 1852. 

Joseph Lance was the leading man in 
rebuilding the church. To his public 
spirit the society are indebted for the very 
nice and commodious church they now 
own. Building committee of the church : 
Jos. Lance, Paul Dean, John Clark. The 
parsonage, commenced, 1853, Allen Perry, 
Jerry Atkins, Rob. Lance, committee. Jo- 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



seph Lance gave the lot for the parsonage, 
besides his share in the building, and Mr. 
Perry bore the whole committee burden. 
From '53 to '73 nothing very marked oc- 
curred ; the church just holding its own 
and sometimes going down to low-water 
mark, with the exception of the time. 
Bro. King labored here. During the 
charge of Bro'. W. H. Wight, 1872, new 
interest was manifested. In his third quar- 
terly report we find ' ' we have repaired and 
beautified our church ; painted, frescoed, 
carpeted throughout ; carpet cost $200, 
paid by subscription ; cliandelier $50, paid 
by another subscription, raised by Harry 
Whittier, a lad of 14 or 15 ; finishing and 
frescoing to be paid by tax^on the pews. 
The brethren have been equally ready to 
share in the responsibilities. Among 
those foremost in the work are Bros. Allen 
Perry, Theron H. Lance, William S. At- 
kins. In report, Oct. 24, 1874: 

" Our people have been surprised with 
the gift of a fine bell, cost between $400 
and $500, from Bro. Paul Dean, and Sister 
Jeremiah Atkins. The church desire to 
record here their appreciation of this timely 
gift, and will ever pray that the blessing 
of God may rest on the donors." 

In the same report : 

" We have nearly finished a neat vestry, 
cost about $500 ; subscriptions nearly 
pledged ; we shall have it free from debt. 
We wish to make favorable mention of the 
labors of Sister Julia Hopkins, whose un- 
tiring efforts in soliciting subscription for 
this work has been so abundantly blessed." 

John Clark died, Feb. 17, 1874, and left 
to the society $500, the interest to be used 
for Methodist preaching in Cabot. 1875, 
Sister Phebe Rogers, left the society $200, 
for the same purpose. Bro. Paul Dean 
also left the society $500. At the quar- 
terly conference, Jan. 16, 1881, the follow- 
ing resolutions were passed : 

1st. Whereas God in his all-wise Prov- 
idence, has removed one of our number, 
Bro. Paul Dean, and although he has fallen 
in a good old age, yet, we feel the loss to 
us none the less, as regards the church he 
loved. He was ever hopeful, firm in pur- 
pose, wise in council and liberal in .support. 
He fully adopted these beautiful lines : 

For lier my tears shall fall. 
For lier my prayers ascend. 



To her my toil and care be given 
Till toil and care shall end. 

2d. We deeply feel our loss in the 
vacant seat in our church, his absence in 
our consultations, and his kind, cheerful 
and helpful words. 

3d. That we highly appreciate his lib- 
eral bequest for the benefit of the ministry 
of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and 
shall ever cherish in grateful remembrance 
and highly appreciate his liberal bequest 
for the benefit of the ministry of the Meth- 
odist Episcopal Church in this place. Or- 
dered that a copy of these resolutions be 
forwarded to Sister Dean. 

By order of the Board of Stewards, 
Church Tabor, Presiding Elder. 
C. M. Seabury, Secretary. 

The church has a membership of 102 
members and 25 probationers. Most the 
probationers have joined during the past 
year. The congregations are larger than 
at any other time in the history of the 
church. The first organization of the 
Sabbath school was about 1820 or '21. 
The first school had one teacher for the 
whole school — Benjamin Derrel. Some 
years previous to this they had made it a 
practice of teaching the children from 
house to house. Mrs. Dr. Scott was, no 
doubt, the first one in town to be engaged 
in Sabbath school work, though it was not 
known by that name. The school has 
^ever been so flourishing as to day. The 
largest average number in attendance has 
been reached during the past year. The 
present pastor is Robert Sanderson ; Sab- 
bath school superintendent, William S. 
Atkins, who has held the ofiice for oyer 
15 years. Stewards of the church, Allen 
Perry, Alvah Elmer, William S. Atkins, 
D. Reed, M. Seabury, M. J. Stone, S. B. 
Blodgett, Palmer B. Ehner; organist, 
Harry P. Whittier ; chorister, Herman 
Osgood. 

The following pastors have been sta- 
tioned here since 1824: 

1825, E. Ireson ; 1826, Sargent and 
Barker; 1827, Aspenwall and E. J. Scott; 
1828, Foster and Peck; 1829, Demming 
and Page; 1830, Cass and Manning ; 1831, 
Cutler and Rust; 1832, Cutler and Noyes; 
1833, Sweatland and Scott; 1834, Kellogg 
and Worcester ; 1835, Brown and Smith; 
1836, Wells and Hill; 1837, Wells and 



CABOT. 



Farnham; 1838, L. Austin; 1839, C- Lis- 
combe ; 1840, James Smith; 1841 and '42, 
A.Gibson; 1843, H. Kendall ; 1844 and 
'45, Z. S. Haines ; 1846 and '47, P. Frost ; 
1848, Swichel; 1849, W. W. Scott; 1850, 
S. Aldrich; 185 1, H. T. Jones; 1852 and 
'53, A. L. Cooper; 1854 and '55, D. Packer; 
1856 and '57, D. S. Dexter; 1858 and '59, 
P. P. Ray; i860, E. Copeland ; 1861. C. 
Fales : 1862 and '63, F. E. King ; 1864 and 
'65, A. Hitchcock; 1866 and '67, D. Willis; 
1868 and '69, L. Hill; 1870 and >i,J.W. 
Bemis; 1872, ""T}^ and '"j\, W. H. Wight; 
1875, '76 and ^T], F. H. Roberts ; 1878 and 
79, H. F. Forrest; 1880 and '81, R. San- 
derson. 

THE ADVENT CHURCH 

in this town dates from 1843, when a long 
series of meetings were held by Elder Ship- 
man. Till 1858, there was no organiza- 
tion, but meetings were held in different 
parts of the town, mainly at the West Hill 
and at Lower Cabot, where the church was 
organized Feb. 16, 1858; 40 members; 
Nathan Wheeler and Erasmus L. Burnap, 
deacons, and M. P. Wallace, scribe. 

Samuel W. Thurber was the first pastor, 
widely known in this vicinity as a wide- 
awake preacher, and one who to edify his 
hearers, did not spare his lungs. He was 
pastor for 6 years, since which the church 
has been supplied by ministers hired from 
year to year, among whom were Rev. H. 
Canfield, Rev. George Child, Rev. Alonzo 
Hoyt and Rev. Nathan Wheeler. Their 
meeting-house was built in 1857, mainly 
through the efforts and means of Dr. M. 
P. Wallace, and dedicated January, 1858 ; 
sermon by- Rev. J. V. Himes, of Boston, 
who continued to hold meetings for the 
next 4 weeks. He was a pleasant speaker, 
thoroughly engaged in his labor. The 
house was crowded at nearly every meet- 
ing. The other churches all joined in the 
work, and a deep religious interest moved 
the whole town, and after the close of his 
labors, meetings were held at different lo- 
calities. It was called the most general 
awakening that had pervaded the town 
since 1826, and about 150 converts were 
added to the different churches, many of 



whom have proved strong helps to the 
churches to which they belong. For the 
past few years thisAphurch has suffered 
greatly from deaths and removals, and at 
present they have preaching but one-half 
the time. 

The Sabbath-school was organized be- 
fore the church, and has always been kept 
up ; the largest number enrolled, about 50. 
They have the largest library of any Sab- 
bath-school in town — 400 volumes, and 
when the church has had regular preach- 
ing each Sabbath, there has been a good 
degree of interest manifested in the school. 

PHYSICIANS 

have been, and are now, well represented 
in this town ; men who have stood well in 
their profession. 

Dr. Gershom Beardsley came among 
the very early settlers, as early as 1790. 
The physicians have been in the order of 
their nalnes : Gershom Beardsley, Perley 
Scott, Dyer Bill, Dr. Haines, Leonard 
Morgan, Dr. Pratt, Z. G. Pangborn, M. P. 
Wallace, D. G. Hubbard, John Doe, Dan. 
Newcomb, D. M. Goodwin, S. L. Wiswall, 
J. A. Thompson, Fred Gale, Dr. Warren. 
Our present physicians areDrs. Wallace 
and Wiswall, Gale and Warren. 

Dr. M. P. Wallace graduated at Han- 
over Medical College, 1842, and com- 
menced practice in this town in 1843 — he 
has retired from general practice, but is 
often called in council. 

Dr. S. L. Wiswall graduated at Wood- 
stock Medical School, and after practicing 
in the towns of Wolcott and Hydepark, 
came to this town in 1862, as successor to 
Dr. Newcomb. He is a well-read physi- 
cian, and held in much esteem by the pro- 
fession. 

When "Dr. Bill" was the only prac- 
titioner in town, located on the Plain, a 
man broke his thumb. The doctor and all 
the neighbors decided that amputation was 
necessary. The Doctor had no instru- 
ments, but they found a chisel they thought 
if ground up to an edge might answer. 
The chisel was ground, the man laid his 
hand on a block, the Doctor took the 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



chisel and hammer, and in a minute the 
amputation was done. 

EPID^ICS. 

Probably the worst years of sickness 
this town ever saw were 1813 and '14, 
when the spotted fever raged to an alarm- 
ing extent, nearly every family in town 
having more or less sick ones, and in some 
portions of the town there were not well 
ones enough to care for the sick. Not un- 
frequently, a person would die with none 
but the members of their own family pres- 
ent. The old tomb-stones show a great 
number of deaths that year. 

Deacon Clement Coburn died of the 
spotted fever. He was one of the pillars 
of the Congregational church in his town. 
He lived but a very short time after he was 
taken. No one taken with this epidemic 
expected to live, it was so fatal and violent 
in the first seizure of its victims. Says the 
venerable Rev. Mr. Stone, of Montpelier : 
Deacon Stone called to see him as soon as 
he learned he was sick, to minister to any 
want and to pray with him. When he 
must leave that afternoon. Deacon Stone 
was much affected at parting with Dea. 
Coburn ; he l:kad been a good and fellow- 
laborer by his side in the house of worship, 
and he never expected to see him alive 
again, but Dea. Coburn, in the midst of 
his sufferings, bade him good-bye very 
calmly, triumphantly adding : 

" iMy soul shall pray Tor Zioii still. 
While life aiiU breath remains! " 

These were his last words to Deacon 
Stone, to which Dea. Stone often after al- 
luded when speaking of Dea. Coburn or of 
that calamitous period. 

No other epidemic prevailed till 1841, 
when the canker-rash, in its most malig- 
nant form, carried ofif a great many chil- 
dren. 1843 and '44 are remembered as 
the terrible years of erysipelas. The toll- 
ing of the bell saluted the ear, and the 
mournful procession greeted the eye, al- 
most daily. 1862 and '63 were sad years 
to many families, from the ravages of 
diphtheria. 

Native Clergymen. — Congregational, 
John F. Stone, Levi H. Stone, James P. 



Stone, Harvey M. Stone, alL brothers; 
William Scales, Ebenezer Smith ; Chris- 
tians, Leonard Wheeler, Nathan Wheeler, 
brothers ; Methodists, Zerah Colburn, 
Augustin Hopkins. 

Lawyers. — Theron Howard, J. S. Mar- 
ston, Harlow P. Smith, George W. Stone, 
John McLean, T. P. Fuller and J. P. Lam- 
son, the present lawyer of the town ; took 
his academical course at Johnson, Vt. ; 
read law with the late Hon. Thomas Gleed, 
of Morris ville ; came to this town, and 
commenced practice August, i860, during 
which time he has built up a large prac- 
tice, and is one of the leading attorneys in 
this section. 

College Graduates. — Oscar F. Dana, 
William Edgerton, William Scales, Eleazer 
J. Marsh, Charles C. Webster, Charles F, 
Stone. 

local literature. 

We have not wasted much printer's ink. 
I find but two Cabot publications, a pamph- 
let by Rev. Henry Jones, in 1826, that is 
entitled "An Exposure of Free-Masonry," 
and another pamphlet, written by Israel 
Cutting, giving an account of a law-suit 
between himself and Orlando Carter. 

A large number of newspapers are taken 
here, and local items are well contributed. 
Several libraries have been purchased for 
the town, but after a few years were scat- 
tered, and at present there is no public or 
circulating library in town. 

MASONIC. 

gkep;n mountain lodge, ciiaktehed 186). 

Charter Members — A. F. Sprague, B. J. 
Lance, G. M. Webster, W. W. Lyford, 
Rufus Adams, John M. Fisher, N. B. 
Rogers, William H. Fletcher, G. W. Clark, 
Edwin Fisher, A. M. Ruggles, E. C. 
Smith. 

First Officers of the Lodge — Rufus Ad- 
ams, W. M. ; J. M. Fisher, S. W. ; A. F. 
Sprague, J. W. ; B. J. Lance, Treasurer; 
Edwin Fisher, Secretary ; W. H. Fletcher, 
S. D. ; Joseph Dow, J. D. ; G. M. Web- 
ster, Nathaniel Perry, Stewards; N. B. 
Rogers, Tyler. 

Present Officers— G. E. Forbes, W. M. ; 
A. E. Dutton, S. W. ; N. B. Rogers, J. 



CABOT. 



103 



W. ; A. T. Durant, Treasurer; Hiram 
Wells, Secretary ; J. G. Pike, S. D. ; C. 
C. Eastman, J. D. ; W. W. Buchanan, 
George Gould, Stewards ; Charles French, 
Chaplain; T. O. Parker, Marshall; T. H. 
Lance, Tyler. 

Highest membership reached, 104. 

TOWN CLERKS 1 788 — 1 88 1. 

Maj. Lyman Hitchcock, first town clerk, 
held the office from 1788 to 1795, when he 
removed from town ; Dr. Horace Beards- 
ley, 1795 ; Thomas Osgood, 1796 to 1821, 
then in 1823 to 1832, with the exception 
of 1822, when Joseph Fisher held the 
office, an unbroken term of 36 years, when 
on account of the infirmities of age, his 
son Thomas Osgood, Jr., was elected in 
his place and served till 1858, a term of 
26 years, when from consumption, he had 
to resign and soon after died, and Allen 
Perry was clerk to 1874 ; Lucas Herrick to 
1875 ; Allen Perry re-elected in 1875 ! has 
held the office since, making 6 town clerks 
in 93 years. The records were kept in a 
clear, plain hand and are all remarkably 
well preserved, even the first unbound rec- 
ord, which is well stitched together on the 
back, and is an interesting town relic. 

SELECTMEN. 

Lieut. Jonathan Heath, 1788; Lieut. 
Thomas Lyford, 1788, '91, '92, 1843, '44; 
David Blanchard, 1788, '89, '90, '94; Ed- 
ward Chapman, 1789, '90; Benjamin Web- 
ster, 1790; Samuel Danforth, 1791, '92 
'93; Lyman Hitchcock, 1791, '92, '93; 
Capt. James Morse, 1793, '94; Jacob Gil- 
man, 1794; Fifield Lyford, 1795, '96, '98, 
1801 ; Samuel Warner, 1795, '96; Joseph 
Fisher, 1797, '98 '99, 1800, '3, '4, '5, '6, '7, 
'8, '10, '11, '12, '13, '14, '15, '16, '17, '18, 
'19, '21, '22, '25, '26, '32^ '34; JohnWhich- 
er, 1797; Reuben Atkins, 1799, 1800; 
Oliver Walbridge, 1799, 1800, 'i ; Clement 
Coburn, 1801 ; Perley Scott, 1801, '2, '22, 
'23; John Edgerton, 1801 ; Moses Stone, 
1802, '7; Matthias Stone, 1803, '4, '5, '6, 
'9' '32, '33; Enoch Hoyt, 1803, '4, '5, '50, 
'52, 'S3, '54, '68; John Damon, 1806, '10, 
'II, '12, '13, '15, '18, '19, '20, '39, '40, '49, 
'50, '51 ; John W. Dana, 1807, '8, '9, '13, 
'16 to '22, '25 to '32, in all 16 years ; Jo- 



seph Blanchard, 1808,^9; Joseph Coburn, 
1810; Leonard Orcutt, 1812, '21 to '31, ''33 
to ''27, '43 to '46, 18 years in all ; John 
Stone, 1814, '16, '17; David Haines, 1815, 
'27, '28, '38 ; Anthony Perry, 1820; Eben- 
ezer Smith, 1823, '39, '41 ; Nathan Wheel- 
er, 1824; Tristam C. Hoyt, 1829, '31, 
'32; Hugh Wilson, 1830, '31, '42 ; Caleb 
Fisher, 1832, '41, '42, '43 to '48, '54, 62, 
'63, II years; Jeremiah Atkins, 1835, '36, 
'40,^52, '53; William Lance, 1835, '45; 
JohnA. Adams, 1836,^37, '38 ; Alpha Web- 
ster, 1837, '38, '49; Milton Fisher, 1837, 
'59, '60; Stephen Hoyt, 1840,^58, '59 ; Oli- 
ver C. Warner, 1841 ; Timothy P. Fuller, 
1842 ; Daniel Gould, 1846, '47, '53 ; Jacob 
Way, 1846, '47 '48 ; M. O. Fisher, 1848, '49, 
'52 ; Jewett Walbridge, 1848, '56, '57 ; Jos. 
Lance, 1849; Paul Dean, 1850, '51 ; Geo. 
W. Stone, 1851 ; George H. Paige, 1854, 
'55; M. P. Wallace, 1855, '64, ^66, '67, 
'68, '78, '79, '80; Rufus Adams, 1855; 
Allen Perry, 1856, '57; John Clark, 1858; 
Peter Lyford, 1858; Joseph Hoyt, i860, 
'61 ; Robert Lance, i860; S. W. Osgood, 
1861, '63, '65 ; B. F. Scott, 1861, '62, '64; 
James Atkins, 1862, '63; B. W. Marsh, 
1864; John H. Damon, 1865 ; N. K. Ab- 
bott, 1865; C. M. Seabury, 1866; Orson 
Kimball, 1866, '69, '70; E. D.Putnam, 
1867; William P. Whittier, 1867, '68, '71, 
'74; George W. Payne, 1869, '70, '72; 
Lucius Herrick, 1870, '71, '72, '75, '76, ^77, 
'78; Roland B. Bruce, 1871 ; N. K. Ab- 
bott, 1872, '7;i; E. T. Hopkins, 1873, '74, 
76, ^77 ; C. C. Perry, 1873 ; Roswell Laird, 
1874, '75, '76, '77; S. L. Wiswall, 1878, 
'80 ; George L. Paige, 1879 ; George Gould, 
1879, '81; Bemis Pike, 1880; Hiram 
Wells, 1881; Charles M. Fisher, i88r. 
In 1831, five selectmen were elected and 
served. 

TOWN TREASURERS. 

At the first town meeting in 1788, no 
treasurer was elected. Major Lyman Hitch- 
cock, the first elected. Mar. 9, 1789, held 
the office to Mar. 1792; then Lt. Thomas 
Lyford from 1782 to '94 ; Thomas Osgood, 
1794 to '95, '97 to 1 82 1, '22 to '39 — 42 
years ; Jacob Garland, 1795 to '97 ; Joseph 
Fisher, 1821 to '22; Marcus O. Fisher 



104 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



from 1839 to '41 ; Thomas Osgood, Jr., 
from 1841 to '48, and 1850 to '58; Henry 
Russell, from 1848 to '50; Allen Perry, 
from 1858 to '72, from ""jt, to '74; John A. 
Farrington, from 1872 to '73 ; Milton Fisher 
from 1874 to the present, 1S81. 

REPRESENTATIVES. 

In this department of town officers the 
record does not commence until 1795. 
From tradition we learn Lieut. Thomas 
Lyford was town representative in 1791, 
but for some reason did not attend the 
Legislature. Sept. 1792, James Morse, 
Esq., was elected, and after his election, 
his wife spun the flax and made the cloth 
from which he had a pair of new " trousers" 
to wear to the Legislature, which met at 
Rutland, Oct. 11. The day before he was 
to start, he killed a Iamb, and his wife 
cooked " lunching" to last him through 
his journey. With his new trousers on, 
and his pack on his shoulders, he made 
his way by marked trees a large portion of 
the way to Rutland and back on foot. The 
session lasted 26 days. It is said he was 
an inveterate smoker, and that some wag 
drew his picture on the fence with his pipe 
in his mouth and pack on his back, and 
over it in large letters, " Going to Rut- 
land ! " It being put on with red chalk, 
remained on the fence for a number of 
years. 

Sept. 1795, the inhabitants were notified 
to bring in their votes at the school-house 
on the Hazen road, for representative, and 
also for governor, lieut. governor, treasurer 
and councillors. 

Samuel Warner was elected representa- 
tive, and Thomas Chittenden had 18 votes 
for governor ; Isaac Tichenor had 5 ; Paul 
Brigham had 16 votes for lieut. governor; 
Samuel Mattocks had 12 votes for treas- 
urer. Political feeling had begun to spring 
up in town ; 5 persons had allied them- 
selves with the Federal party. The Leg- 
islature this year met at Windsor, with a 
session of 20 days. Samuel Warner was 
representative in 1796, '97 ; Horace Beards- 
ley, 1798-1800; Joseph Fisher, 1799-1801 
-'S-'9-'ii-''i2- 14; John W. Dana, 1804- 
'7-'i8-'i9-'2o-'36; Perley Scott, 1806; 



John Uamon, 1808, '13; David Haines, 
i8is-''i6-'i7; Enoch Hoyt, 1821 ; Jere- 
miah Babcock, i822-''23- 24- 25-''26-'27- 
-'28-'29; Anthony Perry, i829-'3o- 31 ; 
Nathan Wheeler, i832-''33-''34; Oliver A. 
Warner, i835-'36; Jeremiah Atkins, 1837 
-'38 ; Robert Lance, 1839-40 ; Alpha Web- 
ster, 1841-42; Salem Goodenough, 1844; 
Allen Perry, 1846-^47 ; Thomas Lyford, 
1848-49; Daniel Gould, 1850-51; John 
McLean, 1.853-54; Matthew P. Wallace, 
1855-56; Benjamin F. Scott, 1857-58; 
Roswell Farr, 1859-60; Ouinton Cook, 
1861-62 ; Edwin Fisher, i863-''64 ; Valorus 
W. Hale, i866-'68; George W. Pame, 
i869;Theron H. Lance, i87o-'72; Na- 
thaniel K. Abbott, 1874; George M. Web- 
ster, 1876; True A. Town, 1878; George 
Gould, 1880. 

OVERSEERS OF THE POOR. 

The first overseer of the poor elected 
was Daniel Smith, in 1822; in '1824, 
"Voted not to elect an overseer of the 
poor." There is no record of any other 
election till 1831, when John Damon was 
elected to s'd office. It appears from the 
records that from that time the selectmen 
of the town had the charge of the poor 
until 1838, when Oliver A. Warner was 
elected, and held i year. Then Ebenezer 
Smith was overseer from 1839 to '40; Jer- 
emiah Atkins, 1840 to '41 ; Caleb Fisher, 
'41 to '42; Marcus O. Fisher, '42 to '43; 
Erasmus L. Burnap, '43 to '44; Jacob 
Way, '44 to '45 ; Benjamin F. Scott, '45 to 
'49 ; selectmen, '49 to '50 ; Milton Fisher, 
'50 to '56, '60 to '61 , '64 to '65 ; Jewett Wal- 
bridge, '56 to '58 ; George Rogers, '58 to 
'60 ; Nathaniel Coburn, '61 to '64; Cor- 
nelius Smith, '65 to '66; Anson Coburn, 
'66 to 'Gj ; Israel Smith, '67 to '69; Ros- 
well Laird, '69 to '70; George H. Paige. 
'70 to '72 ; Thomas Lyford, '72 to '73 ; 
Charles M. Fisher, '73 to '82. Twenty-one 
persons have served the town as over- 
seers of the poor, and no duty devolves on 
a civilized and Christian community so 
sacred and imperative as the proper care 
and support of those who cannot take care 
of themselves. 



CABOT. 



105 



The common course of this town until 
1849 was to dispose of the town's poor to 
those who would agree to keep them for 
the least money, and by this means tiiey 
too often fell into the hands of unfit per- 
sons, as those who took them intended to 
make a profit out of it. Awakened to a 
sense of the impropriety, not to say the in- 
humanity, of such a course, the town in 
1848 voted to elect a committee to pur- 
chase a poor-farm and stock for it, and to 
use so much of the surplus fund as was 
necessary for such a purchase ; Joseph 
Lance, Jacob Way, Joseph Hoyt, were the 
committee. At the next March meeting 
the committee reported they had pur- 
chased the present town farm for $1310, 
stock, tools, etc., for $637.89. In 1855 
a commodious house was built. The town 
has since been generally fortunate in its 
agents to take charge of the farm. It is 
now managed by John Thomas and wife, 
who spare no pains for the comfort of the 
inmates. As a general thing the town has 
been very fortunate, too, as to its iiumber 
of paupers ; perhaps as much so as any 
town in the State. We have at present 6 
boarders at town farm ; 3 at the Insane 
Asylum at Brattleboro, and 2 paupers away 
from the farm. 

JUSTICES OF THE PEACE. 

James Morse, the first justice in the 
town, received his appointment in 1792; 
Lyman Hitchcock was the next; in 1795, 
Thomas Osgood ; in 1796, Samuel Warner ; 
and from this time the number increased, 
each representative thinking he must ap- 
point a good share of his constituents until 
1823, when a resolution was passed by the 
town setting forth that so large a number 
tended to lessen the dignity attachecf to 
the office, and as a consequence, none of 
them would fit themselves for the position 
as they should. Therefore, they requested 
the Legislature not to appoint more than 
4 justices for the town, and that 6 was 
enough for any town. For a few years 
this request was complied with, but grad- 
ually we began to return to the old custom, 
and in 1840, 13 justices were appointed by 
the representative, viz. : Leonard Orcutt, 
Marcus O. Fisher, Anthony Perry, John 



Damon, Thomas Osgood, Jr., Alpha Web- 
ster, Wm. Hoit, John R. Putnam, Roswell 
Farr, Jas. M. Harris, Jerry Atkins, O. A. 
Warner, Joseph Preston, and the number 
some, years would go much higher than 
this, even as high as 25. It run in this 
way until 1850, when the number was 
fixed by law at 7 for this town, when 
Thomas Osgood, Alpha Webster, M. P. 
Wallace, J. R. Putnam, M. O. Fisher, 
Wm. E. Waldo, John A. Adams, were 
elected. This same board were continued 
in office while they lived, as a general 
thing. When there was a vacancy, a 
younger man was elected to fill the place. 
M. P. Wallace is the only one living of 
the first board elected by the people. The 
present board, 1881, are M. P. Wallace, 
T. H. Lance, J. M. Fisher, N. K. Abbott, 
R. B. Bruce, G. W. Paine, Bemis Pike. 

COUNTY OFFICERS. » 

Assistant Judges of Caledonia Cowity 
Court. — Hon. John W. Dana; Hon. Mar- 
cus O. Fisher, 1836 to '39, 

High Sheriff.— ]o&. Preston, 1844, '45. 

State Senators. — Hon. John McLean, 
1849, '5°; Hon. George H. Page, 1852 to 
'55 ; Hon. E. D. Putnam, 1858, '59; Hon. 
M. P. Wallace, 1864. 

State's Attorney. — J. P. Lamson, Esq., 
1866 to '68. 

County Commissioner. — J. M. Fisher, 
1875 to ''T]. 

Population by Census. — 1791, 122; 
1800, 349; 1810, 886; 1820, 1032; 1830, 
1304; 1840, 1440; 1850, 1356; i860, 1315; 
1870, 1279. 

3 suicides in town ; 4 persons drowned ; 
no murder. 

A man by the name of Doloff broke 
into Dana's store, stole a gun, a bar of 
iron and all the rum he could drink ; got 
so di-unk he could not get away ; he was 
sent to prison and died there. 

CABOT'S bear STORY. 

[From a sketch of the olden time so 
choicely written we would be better pleased 
had we room to give the whole. — Ed.] 

Two humble log-cabins in the heart of 
the great wilderness was the beginning of 
the town of Cabot; for miles in every 



14 



io6 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



direction there were no signs of civiliza- 
tion ; but there on West Hill, where David 
Lyford and his neighbor Blanchard had 
builttheir rude dwellings. Mr. Blanchard"s 
family was himself, his wife and 2 children, 
David Lyford's, himself and his wife Ju- 
dith. The Lyford and Blanchard cabins 
stood not more than 30 rods apart, facing 
each other, on opposite sides of a swamp, 
through which a narrow foot-path led from 
one to the other. At the end of each 
cabin, partly in the rear, was also a barn, 
built of logs. 

It was the third birth-day of this settle- 
ment ; each had cleared away several acres 
from around his buildings, and earned suf- 
ficient for the subsistence of his family. 
Both had been fortunate and had suffered 
no losses but some slight damage to their 
crops of corn by the bears. The men 
oft^n saw them in the woods, and it was 
no uncommon experience for the two to 
go out hunting in company, and return in 
an hour with a dead bear slung between 
them, and fresh bear-tracks would be seen 
every morning at some seasons of the year 
about the house and barn. But our men 
were inured to peril and toil by early train- 
ing ; and their wives were not a whit infe- 
rior to them. 

One drizzly day in August, just after 
David Lyford and his wife had finished 
their dinner of hasty-pudding and milk, 
Mrs. Lyford laid her wooden spoon back 
into the squash-shell bowl, and said : 

"What are you going to do this after- 
noon, David ?" 

" I was thinking of going to work in the 
burnt piece." 

"It's too wet for that; why not break 
the flax? I will hatchel it, and then I can 
go on with my spinning. 

" Well, perhaps that is best. These old 
clothes are almost gone, and I must have 
some new ones ;" and David rose from the 
table and went out. 

His wife cleared away the dishes, and 
was soon ready. It was last year's flax ; 
had been ' ' rotted " during the winter and 
spring, gathered up, tied in bundles and 
laid away in the barn till David could find 
time to break it. 



David went to the barn to " unlumber" 
his flax-break. The sun came out ; so he ' 
carried the " break " to the corner of the 
house, and brought a bundle of flax from 
the barn. 

The " break" was a sort of wooden mal- 
let, on a long wooden frame, or " horse." 
The long, thin, parallel handles of the 
mallet were pivoted into the end of the 
frame, and when the machine was at rest, 
these blade-like " handles" lay lapped be- 
tween other blades, which were set edge 
upward firmly along the top of the frame. 
When the machine was at work, the two 
sets of wooden blades played upon each 
other with every lift and fall of the mallet, 
very much like the opposite edges of a 
pair of very large and very dull shears. 
Every stalk of flax that was caught be- 
tween, had its back effectually broken, and 
was rendered very limp and soft. 

Taking a wisp of flax in his left hand, 
the farmer thrust it into the break, and 
with his right, brought down the mallet 
with heavy thumps. By the time his wife 
had brought the hatchel from neighbor 
Blanchard's, David had cjuite a pile of 
broken flax. David fastened the hatchel 
on a stump, within a few feet of where he 
was at work, and Judith, seizing a quantity 
of broken flax, laid it over the end of an 
upright board, and with a long wooden 
knife ot swingle, beat the fibers, to clear 
away the greater part of the bark and 
" sliver," and the swingling finished, she 
began to hatchel the flax. Holding a hand- 
ful firmly by one end, raising and striking 
the other end down on the long, glittering 
teeth of the hatchel, drawing the flax 
towards her, to comb out the rest of the 
woody particles, leaving only the soft, 
yellow-tinted flax ready for tlie spinning- 
wheel. 

I can fancy just how the worthy couple 
looked, in their old-time habiliments, as 
they stood there bare-headed, in front of 
their cottage of logs — he plying the break 
with steady stroke ; she striking the flax 
down, and drawing it througli the long 
teeth of the hatchel, preparing the raw 
linen for the wheel and loom. Hour after 
hour they continued their work, as cheer- 



CABOT. 



107 



fully as if theirs was the happiest lot in 
the world. Suddenly David spoke out, 
" Harlv ! what is that ? " 

" I did not hear anything ; what did you 
think you heard ? " 

" I thought I heard a bear right here in 
the swamp," said he, pointing down the 
path that lead to Blanchard''s. 

"I guess not," replied his wife, after 
they had listened a minute or two and 
heard nothing. "I don't think a bear 
would come so near in the daytime." 
"Well, perhaps I was mistaken," replied 
David ; and the two went on with their 
work. 

More than half the afternoon was gone 
when they finished the flax. Mrs. Lyford 
carried it into the house and laid it away 
until she could spin it, and leaving the 
plank-door of the house wide open went 
out where David was. " While you are 
putting the breaks away," she said, " I will 
carry the hatchel home ;" and started 
across the swamp, singing as she went. 

Mrs. Lyrord was a strjong, and very ac- 
tive woman, and always in good spirits. 
As soon as she returned the hatchel she 
turned back through the swamp home. 
The swamp was really a bit of forest ; 
large trees and the bushes on either side 
of the narrow foot-path were very thick. 
About half way home, passing a short 
bend in the path, she found herself within 
arm's length of a cub-bear, weighing per- 
haps 15 or 20 pounds. At the same mo- 
ment, through the bushes, she caught a 
glimpse of the old bear and another cub 
not 3 rods distant. 

Most women would have run, but the 
sight of a bear, or even two bears, more 
or less, had no such effect upon Jndith 
Lyford. Not in the least intimidated, and 
obeying a kind of defiant impulse, she 
snatched up the cub by the hmd legs and 
run. The cub squealed, and began to 
scratch and bite so vigorously, she swung 
him into her stout tow apron ; but without 
stopping, gathered both arms around him, 
and kept on at her utmost speed. She 
heard the old bear crashing through the 
bushes behind her, and knew unless she 
dropped the cub, she would have to run 



a desperate race, but had no intention 
of giving up her game. The same impulse 
that had impelled her to seize the cub, im- 
pelled her to keep it ; and keep it she did. 
With almost superhuman speed she dashed 
along the path, conscious the furious beast 
behind was gaining on her every leap. 
She reached the house, darting through 
the open doorway, flung the cub from her 
arms, swung the plank door to, and drop- 
ped the leverwood bar into its socket, 
none too soon. Scarcely was the bar in 
place, when the enraged mother-bear threw 
her great weight against the door outside. 
But the door had been made for such an 
emergency,- and stood as a rock against all 
the brute's efforts. 

The cub, as soon as his captor dropped 
him, darted into a corner of the room, 
where he kept up his cries, rendering the 
old bear more frantic every moment. 

David had just put away his flax-break, 
and was coming out of the barn, when his 
wife approached the house, running her 
singular race. I imagine his astonishment 
as he caught a glimpse of her darting in at 
the door, with a fully-grown bear not a 
rod behind her. 

Dropping the pitch-fork in his hand, he 
ran to the window behind the house. 
Quick though he was, Judith was there be- 
fore him, ready to pass the gun, always 
loaded for instant use. A moment later 
David was at the front corner of the house. 
The bear was so frantic to break through 
the door and reach her cub, she did not 
see David ; one well-directed shot laid her 
dead. The whole affair was over in scarcely 
five minutes between Judith's capture of 
the cub and David's shot that killed its 
dam at the door. 

The cub in the house soon shared the 
same fate, and David went to the swamp 
to find the other, but that had taken alarm 
and escaped. 

Mrs. Lyford lived many years afterward 
in the same neighborhood, long enough 
not only to see the wilderness disappear, 
but to raise a large family of children, to 
whom she often related her droll but dan- 
gerous adventure. The above particulars 



io8 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



were furnished me by one of her sons, who 
still lives in St. Johnsbury. 

David Lyford lived where Daniel Kim- 
ball now lives, and Blanchard where Caleb 
Noyes lives ; the swamp spoken of is the 
low land between the two places. Mrs. 
Lyford was the mother of the late Mrs. 
Stephen Hoyt. 

TEMPERANCE SOCIETIES. 

The first temperance societv was organ- 
ized in 1826, through the efforts of Rev. 
Henry Jones. It was rather conservative 
in its regulations and requirements of its 
members. Perhaps whisky having been 
used so long as a common beverage, it was 
thought best not to break off too short on 
the start; not to stop too sudden, as the 
reaction might be hurtful. 

It was not a total abstinence society, but 
simply required of its members to keep an 
account of the number of times they drank 
during the month, and report at the next 
monthly meeting. This society kept up 
its organization 5 years. 

In 1 83 1 a total abstinence society was 
organized. No records of this society are 
to be found. 

In 1842, Feb. 16, a society was formed 
at Lower Cabot, of which a record was 
kept: Benj. F. Scott, president ; James 
M. Harris, vice president ; John McLean, 
secretary; M. P. Wallace, Eben Smith, 
Jr., A. T. Gibson, committee. The pledge 
was iron clad, guarded at every point, and 
it took a wide scope, and persons signed 
the pledge from every part of the town. 
Meetings were held in nearly every school- 
house in town, and the records show they 
were very interesting; membership, 196; 
and yet, after a few months it appears to 
have lost somewhat of its salt ; towards 
the last record the secretary closes up with 
the doleful exclamation, " Meeting thinly 
attended. Alas, poor Yorick! alas! Are 
the people all drunk ? " 

Since this there have been different tem- 
perance organizations in town, but at 
present the work is prin'cipally looked 
after by the Good Templars, of which we 
have a full history, written by one of the 
members. 



THE GOOD templars' LODGE 

was organized in Cabot, Aug. 1864, with 
Rev. S. F. Drew, pastor of the Congrega- 
tional church, as its presiding officer, and 
19 charter members ; first officers : S. F. 
Drew, W. C. T. ; Mrs. Edwin Fisher, 
W. V. T. ; Wm. Atkins, W. S. ; Miss 
Lucy Ray, W. A. S. ; Wm. Gould ; W. F. 
S. ; Mrs. O. L. Hoyt, W. A. M. ; Moses. 
Haines, W. C. ; Miss Olive Stone, W. I. 
G. ; R. A. G^nn, W. O. G. ; Miss Abbie 
Hoyt, W. R. H. S. ; Miss Levina Gould, 
W. L. H. S.; O. L. Hoyt, P. W. C. 
T. ; William Atkins, L. D. The other 
first members were F. G. Hoyt, Allen 
Walbridge, N. J. Mason and George Dow. 
The first 3 meetings were held at the vil- 
lage hall ; the next 6 with Mrs. Roxana 
Hoyt, at the Lower village ; then the Ma- 
sonic hall was rented 2 years, and after, 
the hall of Mr. John Brown for 5 years, 
which is still used. 

In 1866, the Lodge chamber was hand- 
somely fitted up, and furnished with a 
good organ, and everything spoke a deep 
interest in the temperance work. Among 
those who early interested themselves in 
this work were the families of Rev. S. F. 
Drew, Wm. Atkins, Dea. Hoyt, Cornelius 
Smith, Rev. Alson Scott, Edwin Fisher, 
B. W. Mansh, O. L. Hoyt, Geo. Gould, 
Chester Walker, Wm. Abbott, J. W. Far- 
rington and wife. Dr. L. S, Wiswall, Henry 
and Isaac Hills, Dea. Edward Haines, 
Luke and Ira Fisher, Wm. Fletcher, Rev. 
P. N. Granger, Mrs. Allen Perry, Mrs. 
Enoch Putnam, Mrs. Swan, many of 
the members of the families of Horace 
Haines, Dea. N. K. Abbott, Daniel Gould, 
Frederick McDuffee, etc., besides many 
other families and individuals in town and 
in the surrounding towns, and special 
mention should be made of the untiring 
zeal of Wm. Gould, who went out from 
us; entered the "legal profession"; now 
resides in California ; for his name not only 
stands high among the members of the 
" bar," but he has done, and is yet doing, 
a good work in the temperance reform in 
that State. His wife is also Right Worthy 
Grand Vice Templar of the world. 



CABOT. 



109 



Only 27 deaths have occurred during 
these 17 years, strengthening the old 
adage, "cold water brings health as well 
as wealth." 

At the decease of Ira Fisher, he left the 
Lodge $400, the interest of which was to 
be used by them as long as they held their 
charter ; but should they at any time sur- 
render this, the fund should go to the 
Congregational church of this place, of 
which he was a constant attendant. 

The old members went, and new ones 
came in to take their places. None of the 
charter members are left now, '81, but the 
Lodge exists, and has never failed to hold 
its meetings regularly every week. The 
present olificers are : Rev. R. Sanderson, 
W. C. T. ; Mrs. Hiram Wells, W. V. T. ; 
Miss Sadie Willie, W. S. ; Miss Mattie 
Haines, W. A. S. ; Murtin Wells, W. F. 
S. ; Miss Minnie Haines, W. T. ; Hermon 
Rogers, W. M. ; Miss Belle Paquin, W. 
D. M.; Henry Hills, W. C. ; Miss Etta 
Gerry, W. I. G. ; Wavie Town, W. O. G. 
Mrs. Henry Hills, W. R. H. S. ; Mrs. Wm. 
Buchanan, W. L. H. S. ; Mrs. P. Gurney, 
P. W. C. T. ; Henry Hills, L. D. We 
know much good is being done by this or- 
ganization throughout the world, and we 
believe otir Lodge has done its part in the 
great work. 

NATHANIEL WEBSTER. 

Quite a lengthy and very interesting 
genealogical local record of this venerable 
pioneer and family has been received from 
Hon. Charles C. Webster of Redwing, 
Minn., his grandson, and a former resi- 
dent of this town, which we regret we 
have not space to publish ; but will make 
some extract from it. Mention has been 
made of Mr. W. in the former part of 
these papers. 

He was born 1753, in ©Id Chester, N. 
H. Served several years in the Revolu- 
tionary army and was a pensioner at the 
time of his death. He was married to 
Mehitable Smith of Holderne.ss, N. H. 
At the close of the war, they removed to 
Newbury, Vt., where they resided a few 
years, and in 1784, came to the Plain, 
where his father had purchased quite a 



tract of land, and began as before stated. 
In March, he made preparation for his 50- 
mile journey into the wilderness. It took 
but a short time — his effects were few ; his 
vehicle for travel a hand-sled ; they had 5 
children, upon the back-end of this sled ; 
he extemporized a cover and beneath it he 
placed two of his children too young to 
travel on foot. Abel, a lad 9 years of age, 
had to assist his father in propelling the 
sled, which he did with a pointed stick, 
pushing behind, while Lydia, a little girl, 
traveled along with her mother on foot, 
who carried her youngest child, an infant, 
in her arms. In this way did the young 
father and his wife pursue their way to the 
distant forest settlement. They arrived 
safely and found shelter under the roof of 
Benjamin Webster, at first, who had set- 
tled here a year previous. Nathaniel com- 
menced clearing and got his cabin ready 
in the fall. In due course of time, 7 chil- 
dren were added to their household, mak- 
ing 12 in all. Alpha, (the father of Charles 
C.,) was the youngest, who was a long 
time a resident of this town, and removed 
to Minneapolis, Minn., in 1868, to reside 
near his children who had settled there. 
He died September, 1874, aged 75 years. 
Mrs. Vance, who formerly lived in this 
town, but now in Boston, aged 90 
years, is the only surviving child of this 
large family. Nathaniel Webster always 
lived on the same farm where he com- 
menced in town. He died in 1836, aged 
83. His wife survived him many years, 
retaining her faculties to a wonderful de- 
gree. She died about 1858, aged 99 years, 
and from her the year before her death, 
the writer of this history got many items 
which have been of great benefit in com- 
piling the history of the town. 

LIEUT. FIFIELD LYFORD 

was born in Exeter, N. H., 1763. At the 
age of 13 he entered the army of the Rev- 
olution as a servant to his father, Lieut. 
Thomas Lyford, and served with him one 
year at Ticonderoga. He left his father 
and went to West Point, and served as one 
of the life-guard of Gen. Arnold till he 
proved a traitor to his country, and after 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



that he remained in the army till the close 
of the Revolution. While with Arnold, 
he saw him beat a sick soldier over the 
head and shoulders with his cane with such 
severity as to break it. Arnold then threw 
the pieces into the ditch. Lyford secured 
the head of the eane, and used it on his own 
staff as long as he lived. The cane is now 
in the possession of his daughter, Celinda 
Lyford, at Lower Cabot. He served as a 
lieutenant in the war of 1812 ; was honor- 
ably discharged, and received a pension 
during his life. He married and came to 
this town in 1788, and settled on the farm 
where Wm. Barr now lives, and built 
there the first framed barn in town ; he 
died in this town, at the residence of his 
son-in-law, T. E. Wilson, April 18, 1846, 
aged 79 years. 

DR. PARLEY SCOTT, 

born in Worcester County, Mass., July, 
1765; pursued an academical course at 
Leicester Academy, read medicine in the 
same town ; married Lydia Day about 
1790, and moved to Craftsbury Common, 
where he commenced the practice of med- 
icine. He came to Cabot Plain in 1794, 
and in 1804, to the village, and continued 
the practice of his profession. 8 children 
were born to them ; but one of this large 
family is now living, George W. Scott, 
Esq., of Montpelier. Dr. Scott practiced 
his profession more than 50 years in this 
and adjoining towns successfully, answer- 
ing all calls alike to rich and poor. During 
all his long practice his rides were on 
horse-back ; but he was never too much 
exhausted to answer a call. He died in 
1850, aged 84 years; his wife died before 
him, aged 83. 

JOSEPH FISHER, ESQ., 

was born at Dedham, Mass., 1767. He 
was a lad when the British occupied 
Boston, and remembered distinctly the 
battle of Bunker Hill. When he arrived 
at his majority he came to Claremont, 
N. IL, and married Sarah O.sgood, and 
came to this town and commenced on the 
farm now owned and occupied by his 
grand-son, Luke C. Fisher. He built his 
. first cabin on the site of the present house. 



The first night they stayed in their new 
residence the snow blew 'down the large 
stone chimney so that in the morning it 
was 6 inches deep between their bunk and 
the fireplace. To them were born 4 sons 
and 3 daughters, all of whom, but one, 
lived to advanced age, and two of whom 
now survive — Caleb, 81 years old ; Milton, 
74 years old ; and they have always lived 
in town, enjoying the confidence of their 
townsmen, as the numerous , offices to 
which they have been called to fill testify. 
Joseph Fisher was a public-spirited man, 
and held many offices, as will be seen by 
the tables of town officers in this pajjer. 
He died in 1853, aged 87 years. His wife 
preceded him in 1839, aged 70 years. 

ELIHU COBURN, 

BY HON. JOSEPH POLAND, 

was born at Charlton, Mass., 1773; .son 
of Clement Coburn and Dorothy Ed- 
wards, of Oxford, Mass. His early educa- 
tion was confined to a few months' attend- 
ance at the common school, but his nat- 
ural ability enabled him in a great measure 
to surmount the defect, and become a 
man whose judgment and practical knowl- 
edge were thoroughly relied upon by his 
townsmen. 

In the summer of 1799, he came on 
horseback to Vermont. Passing through 
the forest, he reached a pretty valley 
among the hills, through which a little 
stream noiselessly found' its way. This 
spot he at once decided upon as his future 
home, and clearing here a small space, he 
erected a frame house, one of the first in 
the town. He remained until winter, 
when he returned to Massachusetts for his 
bride. He married Abigail Putnam, daugh- 
ter of Gideon Putnam, of Sutton, Mass., 
and in the middle of January the newly- 
wedded pair found their way through the 
forest by marked trees to the spot which 
v.'as to become their home and the home 
of their descendants. Six miles south lived 
their nearest neighbor in that direction, 
while Deacon Stone had erected a saw- 
mill and log cabin at what is now known 
as Lower Cabot. Mr. C. rapidly cleared 



CABOT. 



Ill 



his land, and converted the wilderness 
tract around him into verdant meadows. 
Four years after his arrival his parents fol- 
lowed him to Vermont, and a few years 
later her aged father and mother also came 
to them, notwithstanding their former ob- 
jections to their daughter's leaving them 
to go into the wilderness, to be massacred 
by Indians, or devoured by wild beasts. 
Here they lived until one by one the aged 
parents laid down the burden of life, their 
pathway down " the Valley" smoothed by 
the loving care of the children whom they 
had sought in their wilderness home. 
About 30 years they kept a'public house, 
known far and wide as " Farmer's Tavern," 
and most of the town business was trans- 
acted here. 

As a man there were few more respected, 
or indeed beloved, among his townsmen. 
He was noted for hospitality and great- 
hearted generosity, and whatever project 
he undertook, was pursued until accom- 
plished. He was an excellent friend, hus- 
band and father, and died at three-score 
and ten, regretted. His wife survived 
him about 6 years ; an amiable woman, of 
great energy and endurance, It was a 
strange coincidence, both died, apparently 
in perfect health, instantly, and without a 
struggle. Eight children were born to them : 
Harriet, in 1801 ; married James Atkins in 
1823; died in 1827. Ruth, in 1803; mar- 
ried Dr. Dyer Bill, of Albany, Vt. ; died 
in 1880; left 5 sons. Hiram, in 1805; 
married Ruth Osgood, who died a few 
years after. He still lives upon the old 
homestead. Louisa, 1807 ; married Hon. 
Robert Harvey, of Barnet ; died in 1867; 
4 children. Lewis, i8og; died in 1818. 
Frances Caroline, 1812; married ist, 
James K. Harvey, merchant, of Barnet. 
After his death, she married Dr. C. B. 
Chandler, then of Tunbridge, but after- 
wards of Montpelier. She died in 1874; 
a daughter survives her. Elihu F., born 
in 1815, resides on the old homestead; 
married, 1855, Amelia Walker, of Sher- 
brooke, P. O. ; 3 children by this mar- 
riage ; by a later, 2 sons. Abigail, 18 17, 
ma:ried Maj. Quinton Cook, of Cabot. 
They have one daughter living. 



COL. JOHN STONE, 

born at Claremont, N. H., Jan. 15, 1775, 
came to Cabot in 1797, and began clear- 
ing up a farm on the groimd now occupied 
by the Lower Village Cemetery ; then an 
unbroken wood from Cabot to Marshfield. 
He married in 1803, Betsey Huntoon, of 
Kingston, N. H. To them were born 7 
sons and 3 daughters ; four of the sons are 
Congregational ministers. [See list of na- 
tive ministers.] In the military, Col. S. 
rose from a private to Colonel of the ist 
regiment, 3d brigade 4th division of the 
Vt. militia of the State, and was said to 
be one of the f3est commanders of the bri- 
gade. He died Feb. 20, 1856; his wife, 
Feb. 22. Both were buried in the same 
grave, on the spot where he first com- 
menced clearing their farm. 

HON. JOHN W. DANA. 

BY IIO.V. (). F. DANA. 

John W. Dana was born at Pomfret, 
Vt., 1777, and son of John W. Dana and 
Hannah, daughter of Maj. Gen. Israel 
Putnam of Revolutionary fame. His early 
education was a few weeks' attendance at 
the common school ; but his social stand- 
ing and natural parts were such as to ena- 
ble him to obtain in marriage the accom- 
plished daughter of the Rev. Mr. Damon 
of Woodstock. The newly wedded pair 
traveled northward in the spring of 1802, 
on horseback, following the Hazen road, 
hewn through the forests for military pur- 
poses, until they reached a wooded sum- 
mit which took the name of the Plain. 
Here a small settlement was gathered, in- 
cluding the doctor, the blacksmith and the 
trader. Here our young travelers paused, 
charmed with the location. It was a lovely 
spot then, just a few acres shorn of the 
heavy trees that swept like the waves of 
a broad sea, elsewhere, for miles around, 
above and below. Upon the shorn spot 
the sun came down, the heavy mantle of 
forest sheltered it from the wind. They 
had not found a place on their journey 
they liked so much, and here they deter- 
mined to make their home — probably for 
the remainder of life. Hopefully and 
heartily tliey commenced in this mountain 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



home. For a time all went satisfactorily. 
It wa.s all well at first, but as the forests 
were cut away, it soon became manifest 
that this cool, wind-swept summit must be 
abandoned as a winter residence, and so 
reluctantly, but one by one, the little com- 
munity dropped down into the security of 
what became known as Cabot Village. 

At the present day the view from the 
abandoned and silent Plain is very im- 
pressive, and one of exceeding loveliness, 
commanding as it does both the White 
and the Green Mountain ranges. It is safe 
to say, that nowhere in all New England 
is there a more beautiful panorama spread 
before the enraptured eye. 

The spot selected by Mr. Dana for his 
next residence was in a valley sheltered 
from winds by hills and forests and cooled 
by a rapid mountain torrent, whose waters, 
briefly arrested, spread out for a moment 
peacefully before his door, aud then 
plunged over a fall, whose ceaseless mur- 
mur swayed with every breeze. 

Here he passed the principal years of 
his life. He had a cheerful and active 
temperament, and was generous of himself 
in endeavors to promote the public welfare. 
Eighty years ago Cabot was well nigh one 
continuous wilderness. The first adven- 
turous settlers brought little more than 
stout hearts and a sharp axe. Little clear- 
ings were to be made, rude houses con- 
structed, roads and bridges built, and, 
withal, the church and the school must be 
kept going. There was plenty to do to 
keep one active, enough attainable to keep 
one hopeful. The inhabitants of the pres- 
ent day can scarcely realize what an intense 
community of interest bound together 
these early settlers, and how they worked 
together and gave the friendly grasp in 
mutual encouragement. It fell to Mr. 
Dana's part to become in some measure 
the medium of exchange in supplying the 
wants of life. He made long and tedious 
journeys to Boston, to bring back mer- 
chandise, and, as few had money, he re- 
ceived in exchange for his goods whatever 
the settlers could best spare. This led, 
in time, and as matters grew more pros- 
perous, to the collection by him of large 1 



herds of cattle which were driven to mar- 
ket : in those days a great event. He con- 
tented himself with moderate gains, and 
though his opportunities were favorable he 
he did not seek unduly to amass wealth. 
These frequent journeyings, and his keen 
interest in the public welfare, kept him 
abreast of the times and, without his seek- 
ing it, he fell naturally into the position 
of a foremost man. His advice and as- 
sistance were frequently sought and his 
counsels were respected. He loved his 
townsmen and took delight in their grow- 
ing prosperity and advancement. He 
donated lands to beautify the village. He 
loved and observed nature and took pleas- 
ure in his surroundings. He reflected 
much upon the deep mysteries of existence 
and was fond of rational discourse ; but, 
if this was in a degree characteristic of 
Mr. Dana, it was far more so of his wife : 
a lady deeply imbued with spiritual aspi- 
rations and an abidiug sense of the beauty 
of holiness. While her husband some- 
times allowed himself to question and 
speculate upon religious dogmas, she had 
no doubts herself and was impatient of 
them in others. She held herself solemnly 
charged with the mission of caring for the 
moral interests of the community, and no 
devotee ever addressed herself to more 
constant watchfulness and prayer. Such 
as they were, the daily life and influence of 
this couple went forth into the little com- 
munity ; and that it was beneficent, is evi- 
denced by a tender regard for their memo- 
ries that lingered long after their departure ; 
a notable instance was that manifested by 
the late Joseph Lance, Esq., who, though 
he had purchased and paid for their home- 
stead, used to say that he could never 
divest himself of the feeling that it must 
still forever belong to them — so intensely 
had the subtle influence of their lives pen- 
etrated it. 

In 1830, the stage in which Mr. Dana 
was journeying to Boston was overturned 
and rolled 60 feet down an embankment. 
Two of his ribs were broken, and he was 
supposed to be mortally injured. From 
this shock, he never fully recovered, and 
for want of necessary attention his affairs 



CABOT. 



113 



fell into some confusion. Some of his 
daughters had married and gone to Wis- 
consin. He visited them in 1838: and in 
1839, ^^^ removed thither with his whole 
family. The morning in which he finally 
left his old home, never to return, was 
made memorable by a pleasant incident. 
At daybreak, and while he was still asleep, 
a score or more of his old comrades, 
dressed in long, tow frocks, silently assem- 
bled in the village hall, and sent to request 
his presence. This touching manifestation 
of regard sensibly affected him, and ended 
in an abundance of tears as, one by one, 
the old men bade each other an eternal 
farewell . 

It only remains to be said, that in his 
new home, freed from care, his business 
affairs adjusted, he lived in the quiet en- 
joyment of the companionship of his wife 
and children, until, in 1850, he bade fare- 
well to all. His wife survived until 1872. 

LEONARD ORCUTT, ESQ., 

born at Stafford, Ct., 1779, came with his 
mother to Cabot when 18 years old. He 
married Sally Spear for his first wife ; for 
his 2d, Polly Bullock ; by his first wife 4 
children, and 4 by his second ; 3 of the last 
died in early life of consumption. Esquire 
Orcutt held many offices of trust in the 
town, among which was the office of justice 
of the peace for over 40 years. For along 
time he was town agent, and assisted in all 
town law-suits, and when a witness, the 
lawyers never made but one effort to corner 
him. In the trial of a town case at Dan- 
ville (County Court) he was a witness. 
Hon. Wm. Mattocks was counsel against 
the town, and wished to prove that Esquire 
C. was deeply interested in the case on ac- 
count of holding town office. "Well, 
Esquire," said Mattocks, "you have held 
considerable town office in Cabot, haven't 
you?" "Yes-yes-I have some." "Well, 
sir, what office did you hold the year this 
affair took place?" The Esquire said, 
shutting his eyes and running his hands 
into his breeches pockets to his elbows, 
"Well, if I recollect right, I was highway 
surveyor that year." In after years Mat- 
tocks frequently related this case with a 
laugh, and said he was perfectly satisfied 



with this witness. He died in 1855, aged 
75, highly respected by all the community. 

DEACON JAMES MARSH 
came here from Plymouth, N. H., in 1793, 
and settled on a farm ^ mile north of the 
Center. In 18 — he married Miriam Wal- 
bridge ; to them were born 5 sons and 4 
daughters. He was for many years a 
deacon of the Congregational church, and 
accounted by all who knew him, what is 
said to be the noblest work of God — an 
honest man. He died 1865, aged 90 years. 

DEACON MARCUS O. FISHER 

was born at Cabot, Nov. 24, 1796. [For 
his first business, see village of Cabot.] 
He was married to Fanny Hall, June 13, 
1820, at Chester, N. H., and came directly 
to Cabot and began pioneer life in what 
was known as the old Red House. There 
were but 4 houses in the village at that 
time. Deacon Marcus Fisher and his wife 
were actively identified with the entire 
growth of the village. They had 4 chil- 
dren, 2 of which died in early life, and 2 
survive their parents. The Deacon and 
his wife were earnest, consistent Chris- 
tians. Their house was ever the hospita- 
ble mansion, to which were welcomed the 
missionary and minister, and all who were 
working in the vineyard of their Lord. The 
Deacon died suddenly, of heart disease, 
Sabbath morning, Apr. 9, 1865, aged 68. 
His wife died Sept. 14, 1870. 

JOSEPH LANCE, ESQ., 

born in Chester, N. H., 1799, came to this 
town when a lad with his father, who set- 
tled on the place where Hial Morse lives. 
In 1830, he engaged in the mercantile 
business in Calais. After about 4 years he 
sold out, and engaged in farming on quite 
a large scale. In 1833, he was married to 
Cynthia M. Tucker. They had 4 chil- 
dren, 3 of whom are now living. In 1838, 
he bought the entire estate of Judge Dana, 
and about 1845 ''^ moved to this town. In 
his early life he dealt extensively in cattle 
and sheep ; was successful in all his under- 
takings financially, and became a man of 
wealth. He held many town offices, and 
was an excellent manager for the town. 
He died Oct. 12, 1865, aged 66 years. 



15 



114 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



JOHN DAMON, ESQ., 

was born in Martha's Vineyard, near Bos- 
ton. When 6 years of age, his father, 
a Congregational minister, removed to 
Woodstock, Vermont. At the age of 20, 
John went to what was then thought to 
be the far West, the state of Ohio. He 
purchased the very ground to settle on 
upon which the city of Cincinnati now 
stands, but his health failing, he sold his 
land there and returned to Vermont, and 
settled in this town, as before related. He 
married Nancy Strong, of Pawlet ; chil- 
dren, 4. He was a far-seeing man, and 
very successful in his financial affairs. He 
was also one of the pioneers in the Sab- 
bath-school work in the Congregational 
church. He died Apr. 19, 1864. 

ZEKAH COLDUHN 

was born in Cabot, Sept. i, 1804. His 
father, Abia Colburn, with his family, came 
from Hartford, and settled on the farm 
now owned by S. S. Batchelder, about 3 
months before his birth. The sixth child, 
his parents in straitened circumstances, 
subject to such hardships as fell to the lot 
of all new settlers at that period, there 
seemed little prospect his name should be 
distinguished, or ever known beyond the 
circle of his neighbors and kinsmen. There 
was nothing remarkable, too, in the en- 
dowments of his father or mother ; they 
were plain persons, not superior to others, 
and in regard to their son, it is said they 
considered him to be the most backward 
of any of their children ; residing at a con- 
siderable distance from school, it would be 
unreasonable, also, to infer that education 
did much for preparing him for that dis- 
play of early strength, correctness, and 
rapidity of mind in figures, which was so 
remarkable to all who saw him, and was 
unaccountable to himself. 

Some time in the beginning of August, 
1 8 10, when about one month under 6 
years of age, at home while his father was 
employed at a joiner's work-bench, Zerah 
was on the floor playing with chips. Sud- 
denly he began to say to himself, " 5 times 
7 are 35 "-"6 times 8 are 48," etc. ' His 
father's attention being arrested by hear- 



ing this so unexpected in a child so young, 
and who had hitherto possessed no ad- 
vantages, except, perhaps, 6 weeks' attend- 
ance at the district-school that summer, 
left his work, and began to examine his 
boy through the multiplication table ; he 
thought it possible Zerah had learned this 
from other boys ; but finding him perfect 
in the table, his attention was more deeply 
fixed, and he asked the product of 13 by 
97, to which 1 26 1 was instantly given as 
the answer. It was not long before one of 
the neighbors calling in, was informed of 
the singular occurrence, and soon it be- 
came generally known through the town. 
Thus the story originated, which within 
the short space of a year found its way not 
only through the United States, but reached 
Europe and foreign journals of literature 
both in England and France, who ex- 
pressed their surprise. In 1804, the earth 
was not belted by a telegraph ; the news 
had to take the slow way-posts, and it 
must have been regarded a wonderful 
matter to liave had so wide a range in 12 
months. 

In a short time the annual freeman's 
meeting occurred in town, to which Mr. 
Colburn took his son, and exhibited his 
wonderful ability in figures to his towns- 
men. 

Gentlemen at that time possessing in- 
fluence and standing in the County were 
desirous that some course might be adopt- 
ed with the boy that might lead to a full 
development of his wonderful calculating 
powers, and Mr. Colburn, encouraged, 
took his son to Danville, which was then 
the shire town of Caledonia County, to be 
present at the session of court. His son 
was very generally seen and questioned by 
judges, members of the bar and others. 
The Legislature being about to convene at 
Montpelier, he was advised to visit that 
place with his son, which he did in Octo- 
ber. Here, also, many witnessed his won- 
derful mathematical powers. Questions 
out of the common limits of arithmetic 
were proposed with a view to puzzle him, 
but they all were answered correctly. For 
instance, he was asked, "Which is the 
most, twice five and twenty or twice twenty- 



CABOT. 



IIS 



five?" "Which is the most, six dozen or 
a half a dozen dozen? " The question was 
also asked, " How many black beans would 
it take to make five white ones?" He at 
once answered, " tive, if j-ou skin them," 
evincing quickness of thought as well as 
ability to combine numbers. After a few 
da}s spent in Montpelier, they proceeded 
to Burlington ; but the State of Vermont 
did not seem to offer sufficient encourage- 
ment, and Mr. Colburn was advised to visit 
the principal cities of the Union. Return- 
ing to Cabot, and spending one night with 
his family, he departed, never to return. 
He first went to Hanover, N. H., where he 
received liberal oifers for the education of 
his boy ; from here to Boston, where he 
arrived the 25th of Nov. Here the public 
were anxious to see and hear for them- 
selves. Questions of two or three places 
of figures m multiplication, questions in 
the rule of three, extractions of the roots 
of exact squares and cubes were put, and 
done with very little effort, and here he 
also received offers from wealthy men to 
educate his son. One offer was to raise 
$5000 l)y voluntary donations, and give 
the father $2500, and the remaining $2500 
to be used in Zerah's education ; but to 
these terms Mr. Colburn did not feel at 
liberty to accede. The rejection of all 
these proposals very speedily raised a 
prejudice against him in Boston, and from 
Boston he went to New York, Philadelphia 
and Washington ; but not receiving the en- 
couragement, pecuniarily, that he was in 
hopes to have met with, he next decided 
to go to England. In December, 181 1, he 
wrote to his wife from Washington '.omake 
such disposition of her farm and children 
as she could, and accompany him over the 
Atlantic. In this she showed her wisdom 
in refusing to accede to his request ; but 
her refusal did not deter him from the de- 
sign. He embarked with his son for 
Liverpool, Apr. 3, 18 12, and arrived in 
London, May 24. Here Zerah was visited by 
the high and noble of the city, and invited 
to call upon the crowned heads. His 
mathematical powers were put to the se- 
verest test, and he was able to answer the 
most difficult questions ; but during all this 



time of Zerah"'s exhibition, his education 
was neglected. After he started from 
Cabot he had learned to read, and in 
London to write. 

Mr. Colburn tried various ways to raise 
money. The exhibition of his son did 
not prove very remunerative. He was ad- 
vised by men of influence and means to 
put him to school, they generously offering 
the means for his education. After about 
4 years he placed Zerah at Westminster 
School, London. He was now 13 years 
of age ; but he did not complete his studies 
heie. He was taken away by his father, 
and placed in a school in Paris, where also 
he remained but a few months. His father 
had now become very short for means. 
While Zerah was at school, he had re- 
ceived liberal gifts of money for his sup- 
port ; but in his pinched condition, he 
knew not now what course to take. After 
a few years, however, Zerah was engaged 
as a teacher in a small school in London. 
In 1822, after an absence of 10 years from 
his family, Mr. Colburn's health began to 
fail, and Feb. 14, 1823, he died of con- 
sumption, far from home, and almost des- 
titute of the common comforts of life. 

As soon as necessary arrangements could 
be made by the contributions of friends to 
pay the passage of Zerah to America, he 
sailed, and July 3, 1825, arrived safely at 
his home in Cabot, having been absent 13 
years . 

After remaining a few months in town, 
he connected himself with the Methodist 
church, and became a local preacher, and 
during his seven years of ministry, had as 
many different appointments. Jan. 13, 
1829, he married Mary Hoyt, of Hartford. 
Six children were born to them, 5 daugh- 
ters and a son. The son gave his life for 
his country ; was killed in ' a battle near 
Washington, Sept. 12, 1861. Two daugh- 
ters died in early life. 

In 1834, Mr. Colburn gave up preaching, 
on account of poor health. ^He accepted a 
call to a professorship of languages in the 
Military College at Norwich, which he held 
until obliged to give it up on account of 
failing health. He died of consumption. 
Mar. 2, 1839, '^"'^* ^^''■^ buried near the 



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VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



scene of his last labors, at Norwich, aged 
34 years, 6 months. 

I am informed by his daughter, who is 
now living at Thetford, to whom I am in- 
debted for the last portion of this sketch, 
that he did not retain his wonderful math- 
ematical powers after he became educated 
and entered upon the ministry. His wife 
died Mar. i6, 1856, aged 52. Thus lived 
and died one of the most wonderful minds 
for computation that the world ever saw. 

HON. JOHN MCLEAN, 

born at Peacham, Sept. 27, 1814, com- 
menced his business life in Lower Cabot. 
He was closely identified with the business 
interests of the town, and his death, Feb. 
3, 1855, without a moment's warning, cast 
a deep gloom over the whole community. 
The following, furnished by an intimate 
friend, is no overdrawn picture : 

Estimate of Mr. McLean, by One of His 
Companions. 

John McLean would have been a mark- 
ed man in any community. In Cabot, at 
the period ofwhich I write, he was specially 
distinguishable. His magnetism and innate 
force were something wonderful. He was 
a born leader of men. He never said 
"go," but always " come," and wherever 
he went he compelled a following. He 
found Cabot spell-bound, as it were, both 
in politics and religion, and he forced 
progress. He found the term abolitionism 
a by-word and a reproach ; and when he 
left the town, it was inscribed upon her 
banners as a word of honor. He de- 
manded full toleration in religious matters. 
He stimulated the dull to exertion in the 
way of self-help and development. He 
organized new industries, and waked up 
the dormant energies of the people. He 
was himself constantly developing in limit- 
less directions. What an inward pressure 
there must have been within him, what a 
cry for room, to have led him in middle 
aee, without education, almost blind, to 
the audacious resolve of becoming a man 
of letters and a member of the bar. But 
he did it, and was already retained in im- 
portant cases when his summons came. 
Departed friend, nothing but death could 



arrest the career to which his spirit aspired, 
and whose early death was a calamity. 
O. F. D. (Oscar F. Dana.) 

Washington, D. C, May, 1881. 

Mr. McLean was married to Margaret 
McWallace, Jan. 10, 1838. 

THOMAS LVFORD 

was born in this town,- 1802, and resided 
here the most of his life. He has held 
many offices in the town, and at the be- 
ginning of the writing of this history, he 
was the only living person who had a thor- 
ough knowledge of the beginning of this 
town, which he had heard from his father, 
and being a man of very strong memory, 
he had retained all he had heard. He was 
much pleased with having the history of 
the town written and was always ready to 
communicate any information with which 
he was possessed, and Thursday eve, June 
16, he gave a large amount of information, 
and never after that was he able to com- 
municate. He lingered till the 23d, when 
he was relieved by death, aged 79 years. 
On the Friday following, his funeral was 
attended at his late residence ; he was 
borne by his neighbors to the village cem- 
etery, and fciid beside his wife, who passed 
on years before. Since his decease, his 
sister, Mrs. Jason Britt, has contributed a 
large amount of information. 

MILITARY RECORD OF CABOT. 

The Revolutionary struggle just closed 
and perhaps constant apprehension of in- 
vasion from Canada, seems to have im- 
bued our fathers with a thorough military 
spirit ; from the first settlement of the 
town, but more particularly from the be- 
ginning of the present century, there was 
organized and maintained for a long period 
of time one uniformed company, besides 
the standing militia. We will notice each 
of these companies and give a list of the 
captains as far as we have been able to 
collect statistics. 

The first we have been able to gather is 
that in 1797, when every able-bodied man 
between the ages of 18 and 45 was obliged 
to do military duty, with certain excep- 
tions. The first captain of the militia 
here was David Blanchard, who held his 



CABOT. 



117 



commission until 1800, when Joseph 
Fislier was elected by the company. I 
find an order from him to Sergeant John 
Stone to warn all the men hereinafter 
mentioned to appear on the parade at the 
Centre of the town, June 7, 1800, at 10 
o'clock A. M., complete as tlie law directs. 
This notice has 1 1 names attached after 
the election of officers. IMvates must 
have been scarce. No record of any of- 
ficers occur after this, until 1808 ; but tra- 
dition tells us that Moses Stone was the 
next captain. In 1809, 27 soldiers' names 
are on the town record : Anthony Perry, 
captain ; Solomon W. O.sgood, ensign ; 
18 10, 32 soldiers enrolled: Anthony Perry, 
capt. ; John Stone, ist lieut. ; Joseph 
Stone, ensign ; Anthony Perry was cap- 
tain until 1 81 7, when George Sumner was 
elected. The enrolled militia were now 
52 men. They were not obliged to uni- 
form, but they were furnished with a gun, 
24 rounds of cartridge, priming wire and 
brush, and three flints. 

From 18 1 2 to 18 16, the military spirit 
seems to have run at a very high pitch ; 
our country having come to the point when 
forbearance ceased to be a virtue, and 
having declared war on Great Britain, pat- 
riotism rekindled in all those who but a 
short time before had laid aside the weap- 
ons of war in the Revolutionary struggle. 
They were alive all through, those old vet- 
erans, as well as those that had more re- 
cently come to the age to bear arms, and 
were emulous to equal the old warriors. 

The regular militia of the town was 
called out and jDut in thorough fighting 
order, and in addition to this, a company 
of minute men enlisted in this town, 
Woodbury, and Calais, and Anthony 
Perry, who also was a captain of the regu- 
lar militia, was elected captain, and Na- 
thaniel Perry, lieut. These men were to 
be ready to march to the front at any time 
they were called by their captain. P'or 
this roll I have made diligent search, but 
have not been able to find it ; the last 
traces I got of it, was among the papers 
of Reuben Waters of Calais. 

The battle of Plattsburg, Sunday Sept. 
II, 1814, our townsmen had been expect- 



ing for some days. The cannon was dis- 
tinctly heard all day. Captain Perry at 
once dispatched lieut. Perry to Woodbury 
and Calais, and his other officer through 
Cabot to rally the men, while he proceeded 
directly to Montpelier. The company 
here at once rallied and camped the first 
night near Montpelier Centre ; but on 
arrival next day at Montpelier, to their 
great disappointment learned the British- 
ers had been beaten. They were dis- 
charged and returned to their homes, 
except a few that were on horseback and 
wished to get a stronger smell of powder, 
who pushed on to Burlington. 

John Stone, who in 1800, held the office 
of Sergeant, held all the various commis- 
sions in the military rank ; 1809, was com- 
missioned Col. of the First Regiment, 3d 
Brigade 4th Division of the Militia of the 
State. A petition was presented to him 
signed by John Damon, Ira Atkins and 
Horace Warner for permission to enlist a 
company of Light Infantry to be attached 
to his regiment. The petition was grant- 
ed ; roll of the men enlisted : Ira Atkins, 
Horace Warner, M. O. Fisher, Benj. B. 
Hoyt, Zacheus Lovell, Avery Atkins, John 
Edgerton, Abram Hinks, Thomas Cald- 
well, Jabez Page, Jeremiah Atkins, John 
Hall, David Connor, Jr., David Bruce, 
Ebenezer Sperry, Hugh Wilson, Benjamin 
Sperry, Samson Osgood, John (ioodale, 
James Blanchard, Benjamin Hoyt, Caleb 
Fisher, Anson Coburn, Benjamin Durrill, 
Reuben Atkins, Samuel Hall, Parker 
Chase, Jr., Stephen Hoyt, Luther Swan, 
Benjamin Preston, Nathaniel Gibbs, Squier 
Boinin, Joseph Cate. 

The company mustered 34 men ; organ- 
ized Aug. 26, 18 19, by the choice of the 
following officers, John Damon being the 
first petitioner, was elected captain. In a 
neat little speech in which he thanked the 
company for the honor, he said, owing to 
bodily infirmities he wished to be excused. 
He then treated the company well to 
whisky and sugar, and wa*s excused. Ira 
Atkins was then elected captain ; Horace 
A. Warner, lieut. ; Avery Atkins, ensign ; 
M. O. Fisher, ist sergt. ; John Goodale, 
2d do. ; Caleb Fisher, 3d do. ; Parker 



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VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



Chase, 4th do. ; Thomas Caldwell, ist 
Corp. ; Jabez Page, 2d do, ; Jeremiah At- 
kins, 3d do. ; David Bruce, 4th do. ; Ben- 
jamin Hoit, fifer; Luther Swan, drummer ; 
Stephen Hoyt, bass drummer. 

The uniform adopted was black hat, 
white cockade, red parchment with star 
with'No. of company and regiment, white 
feather with red top, white cord with two 
large tassels, black coat with red facings, 
yellow buttons, black pants corded with 
red, white vest, white neck scarf, yellow 
gloves, canteen and cartridge-box, with 
white belt. The records show company 
drills were frequent; Oct. 3, 1820, they at- 
tended the regimental muster at Peacham ; 
Oct. 3, 1822, mustered at Danville; 1824, 
Horace Warner was elected captain, and 
in 1825, Marcus O. Fisher, captain. 

This company kept up its organization 
7 years, when by a vote of the company 
July, 1826, it was transformed into an artil- 
lery company, and a cannon and all the 
necessary equipments for the same was 
bought by subscription of the citizens of 
the town. 

Nearly the same officers were elected 
that were in command in the infantry, 
Marcus O. Fisher, being the first captain, 
Ira Atkins, ist lieut., Caleb Fisher, 2d 
lieut. The uniform with some slight 
changes was very much like that of the 
infantry. It mustered 84 men, and was 
said to be the finest looking and appearing 
company in the regiment. 

List of Captains: May 23, 1827, Jer- 
emiah Atkins was elected Capt. ; 1828, 
Caleb Fisher ; 1829, William Fisher ; 1832, 
Levi H.Stone; 1835, RoswellFarr; 1836, 
Enoch Hoyt; 1838, John Clark. 

This completes the list. It was a fine 
company, and often called to assist in cel- 
ebrations in the adjoining towns. And 
not unfrequently was the Fourth enlivened 
by the old-fashioned sham fight, in which 
they would become so much engaged fre- 
quently, that the cannon would be charged 
full too high for the safety of the glass in 
surrounding buildings, and those standing 
by. On one occasion one of the gunners, 
Mitchell Whittier, standing near the wheel 



had the top of his hat torn out. This was 
at an engagement with the cavalry at 
Marshfield. On another occasion, Capt. 
Levi H. Stone had his face filled with 
powder by a musket being carelessly dis- 
charged. This company kept up its organ- 
ization until an act was passed by the Leg- 
islature disbanding all military companies 
throughout the State June i, 1838, when 
this company reluctantly voted to dis- 
band, after first entering upon their record 
that the act of the Legislature ought to be 
considered a lawless act in very deed. 

About 1842, a Light Infantry company 
was organized with John McLean for its 
first captain. Of this company I am not 
able to find any record. 

During the organization of these inde- 
pendent companies all persons that did 
not belong to them, obliged to do military 
duty, were called out once a year for drill 
and inspection. They received the name 
of the Flood-wood Company. The train- 
ing of this company ended by electing a 
clerk that soon moved to the West, and 
took with him all the records and papers 
of the company, the members of the com- 
pany bidding him God speed. 

Many funny and characteristic anecdotes 
of military acts and deeds are related by 
the old inhabitants it would be pleasant to 
record, but our space forbids. We will 
only mention the Sutton Muster, in which 
the Cabot Artillery and Flood-wood both 
joined, taking one week in which to get 
through it, and in that time it is said there 
was a good many of them that did not get 
sober enough to get home. 

During these military organizations quite 
a number from this town belonged to the 
Cavalry in the late war, raised in the towns 
of Cabot, Hardwick, Danville and Peacham. 

WALTER STONE, 

who was in the 1st Vt. Cavalry, Co. D., 
taken prisoner March 4, 1863, and died in 
Libby Prison, was at one time captain of 
this old cavalry company. 

The last military organization in town 
was in 1866. After the close of the War 
of the Rebellion an infantry company was 
organized, with W. H. Fletcher for cap- 



CABOT. 



119 



lain ; also a cavalry company, with Hiram 
Perkins for captain. These companies 
were both finely equipped by the State, 
Init never did any great military service. 
They were disbanded by an act of the 
Legislature, 1868. 

SOLDIERS OF THE REVOLUTION 

who settled in town : Lieut. Thomas Ly- 
ford, Jonathan Heath, Starling Heath, 
Tliomas Osgood, Samuel Warner, Na- 
thaniel Webster, Fitield Lyford, Nathan 
Kdson, Trueworthy Durgin, Lieut. John 
Whittier, Maj. Lyman Hitchcock, Lieut. 
David Blanchard, Ensign Jerry McDaniels. 

SOLDIERS OF l8l2. 

Volunteers from this town : Luther 
Swan, Simeon Walker, Leander Corlis, 
Samuel Button, Ezra Kennerson, Peter 
L}ford, Jesse Webster, David Lyford, 
Royal Gilbert. 

SOLDIERS OF THE WAR OF 1861. 

Demand for the surrender of Fort Sumter 
made April 11, 1861, promptly refused by 
Maj. Anderson, in one hour hostilities com- 



menced. The President's call for 75,000 
men was received in this town by the jour- 
nals of the 15th of April. A war meeting 
was at once called, to take the matter into 
consideration. Stirring speeches were 
made by several citizens, and it was at 
once voted to recruit a company, and offer 
their services to the Governor. A paper 
was drawn up, and volunteers called for, 
and the following young men enrolled 
their names : J. P. Lamson, John Derine, 

F. L. Drown, H. L. Collins, H. M. Paige, 

G. W. Wright, E. S. Hoyt, Nathaniel 
Perry, Chas. H. Newton, L. B. Scott, S. 
H. Bradish, L. S. Gerry, H. Perkins, 
Horace Carpenter, Luke A. Davis, C. H. 
Goodale, G. P. Hopkins, E. H. Scott, E. 
Gerry, Lyman Hopkins, Fayette Hopkins. 

The services of these volunteers were at 
once tendered to the Governor by Na- 
thaniel Perry and H. M. Paige. The first 
regiment was already full, but a large por- 
tion of them enlisted in other regiments 
as soon as an opportunity offered, as the 
following: roll will show : 



Credited pi 

Names. 
Aiken, Hiram 
Aiiisworth, Henry A. 
Kascom, William 
Bacdn, William W. 
Balaw, Simeon 
15ala\v, William 
Bailey, Nathaniel 
Batchelder, Ziba 
Blake, Daniel 
Blodgett, Stephen B. 
]]arnett, Geo. W. 
Carpenter, Amasa 
Cheever, Moses R. 
Clark, William H. H 
Collins, Hartwell L. 

Desilets, Carlos 
Uereen, John 
Dow, Harrison 
Dow, Harvey S. 
Thrown, Frederick L. 
Eastman, Curtis O. 
Fales, John W. 
Farr, Jacob 
Fisk, Frederick W. 
Gerry, Eli P. 

Goodale, Chauncey 
Goodwin, David M. 
Gray, Joshua C. 
Griftin, Clarendon 



VOLUNTEERS FOR THREE YEARS, 

■evimis to call for 300,000 Voliniteers of Oct. 17, 1863. 



A(ie. Enlistnient. 
36 July 12, 62. 
18 June 16, 62. 
45 Feb. 62. 

36 Feb. 10, 62. 

24 " 

21 Aug. 31, 61. 

21 July 3, 61. 
38 June 30, 62. 

18 Sept. 5, 61. 

22 Sept. 2, 61. 
20 Sept. 3, 61. 

19 " 

20 Feb. 28, 62. 
26 June T, 61. 

19 June 12, 62. 
22 June I, 61. 
41 Aug. 21, 61. 



Reg. Co. Remarks. 

10 A Tr. to Vet. Res. Corps, April 17. 
9 I Pro. July 15, 64; must, out June 13, 65. 
I Bat. 
I Bat. 

3 K Dis. Dec. 16, 62. 

3 K Re-en. Mar. 19, 64 ; deserted May 3, 64. 
H Killed at Wilderness, May 5, 64. 
H Died Feb. 13, 62. 
H Discharged June 22, 63. 
K Discharged Dec. 19, 62. 
K Re-en. Dec. 15, 63; tr. to Co. E. Feb. 25, 65. 
G Must, out of service Sept. 30, 64. 
" " Re-en. Dec. 15, 63 ; tr. to Co. F. 
" " Died June 7, 62. 

3 G Re-en. Jan. 22, 64 ; pro. 2 lieut. Co. E. Aiis;. 
4, 64. 
Promoted Corporal. 
Pro. Sergeant ; dis. Jan. 5, 63. 
Discharged July 8, 62. 



34 June I, 61. 

27 Aug. S, 62. 

18 Sept. 30, 61. 

22 Mar. 22, 62. 

23 Sept. 3, 61. 
33 Aug. 30, 61. 

18 Sept. 4, 61. 

June, 61. 

21 Aug. 13, 62. 



9 I 

3 G 

4 G 
Cav C 

3 G 
II 
6 
3 
4 
4 



3A 



S 
I 
Bat. 



Pro. Sergt.; discharged June 5, 63. 

Sept. 27, 64 ; dis. June 29, 65. 

Must, out of service, Oct. 28, 64. 

Discharged Oct. 31, 62. 

Reduced; must, out Sept. 30, 64. 

Pro. Cor.; re-en. Dec. 15, 63; tr. to Co. C. 

Feb. 25, 65. 
Must, out of service Sept. 30, 64. 
Pro. surgeon of the 3d reg. 
Must, out of service June 24, 65. 



120 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



Names. 
Hall, Mark P. 
Hall, Merrill K. 
Hatch, Gonzalo C. 
Hatch, Jerome B. 
Hatch, Marshall E. 
Heath, Nathan L. 
Heath, Jeremiah A. 
Hill, Andrew 
Hill, Lorenzo D. 
Hitchcock, Henry C. 
Hooker, Amos O. 
Hooker, Sanford O. 
Hopkins, William J. 
Hoyt, Alonzo A. 
Hoyt, Asa 
Hoyt, Enoch S. 
Hoyt, Jonathan P. 
Ingram, John 
Kenerson, Albert 
Kenerson, William T. 
Lyford, James M. 
Mack, Asa B. 
Marsh, Henry O. 
Marsh, James Jr. 
McCrillis, Rufus 
McLean, Samuel E. 
Morrill, Abel K. 
Newton, Charles H. 

Oken, John E. 
Page, Henry M. 
Page, Wallace W. 



Paine, Geo. W. 

Perry, Adolphus B 

Perry, Charles II. 

Perry, William A. t8 Apr. 20, 63. 

Putnam, Chas. B. May ii, 63. 

Rudd, John 18 June, 26, 63. 



Rudd, William 
Russell, Hiram L. 
Scott, Erastus H. 
Scott, Luther B. 
Smith, Jarish S. 
Stone, Edward G. 
Sumner, Alonzo L. 
Thompson, Sam'l H. 
Walbridge, Don C. 
West, William N. 

Wheeler, John Q. A. 
Wilson, Nathaniel L. 
Wright, Geo. W. 

Writer, Anson S. 



Farr, William H. 

Hopkins, Oliver W. 
Hoyt, Edwin A. 
Kimball, Isaac N. 
Mason, Henry L. 
Trow, Kendrick 



A(/e. Enlistmenl 


Reg. Co. 


22 Aug. 28, 61. 


4 G 


22 Aug. 31, 63. 




27 June I, 61. 


3 " 




Cav C 


27 June, I, 61. 


3 C 




I Bat 


22 May 7, 61. 


2 D 




I Bat. 


18 July 25, 62. 


ti I 


19 Jan. 31, 62. 


7 H 


21 June 9, 62. 


9 I 


28 May 29, 62. 






Cav C 


41 Aug. 8, 62. 


II I 


25 June I, 61. 


3 ^ 


44 Aug. 10, 63. 


" H 




Cav C 




" D 


19 Mar. 20, 62. 


4 H 




CavC 


33 Sept. 3, 61. 


4G 


18 Sept. 3, 61. 


" " 


38 Aug. 12, 62. 


" " 




I Bat. 


32 Sept. 4, 61. 


4 H 




3 E 


22 Aug. 27, 61. 


4 G 




4 H 




Cav C 


23 June I, 61. 


3G 


25 " 


3 G 


. 21 Sept. II, 61 


4 H 


21 Sept. 3, 61. 


4G 



II L 



26 June 8, 63. 


II L 


20 Aug. 6, 62. 


" I 


Aug. II, 62. 


3 G 


26 Sept. 4, 61. 


4 G 


18 Sept. 4, 61. 


4G 


26 Sept. 3, 61. 




22 Feb. 8, 62. 


7 H 


36 Aug. 20, 61. 


4 H 


23 June 29, 62. 


7 " 


24 Sept. 7, 61. 


4 " 




Cav C 


22 July 10, 61. 


3K 


28 June 18, 61. 


3 G 



21 June I, 61. 3 G 



Remarks. 
Pro. Sergt.; must, out Sept. 30, 64. 
Tr. to Co. B. Feb. 25, 65 ; out July 3, 65. 
Re-en. Dec. 21 ; tr. to Co. I, July 25, 64. 
Promoted to Lieut. 

Reduced to rank Oct. 31, 62. 

Died June 14, 62. 

Must, from service June 24, 65. 
Pro. Cor. Feb. 18, 64 ; re-en. Feb. 20, 64. 
Pro. Sergt. Nov. 63 ; died Mar. 12, 64. 
Discharged Oct. 22, 62. 

Must, from service July 5, 65. 
Discharged Feb. 19, 63. 



Dropped Apr. 10, 63. 

Must, out of service Feb. 4, 61. 

Died of wounds received in action June 6, 64. 

Pro. to Cor. Nov. i, 63 ; do. Sen; tr. to Co. B, 

Re-en. Dec. 12, 63 ; tr. to Co. E. Feb. 25, 65. 

Pro. Sergt.; re-en. Dec. 15, 65 ; i Lt. Co. E. 
Oct. I, 64. 

Pro. to Major. 

Re-en. Jan. 22, 64 ; killed at Cold Harbor, 

June 3, 64. 
Re-en. Dec. 21, 63 ; tr. to Co. I July 25, 64. 
Re-en. Jan. 15, 63; tr. to Co. C. Feb. 25, 65. 
Killed at Cold Harbor, June ''i 1864. 
Brigade Band. 

Died June 23, 64, of wounds reed, in action 

May, 64. 
Died May 6, 64. 

Must, out of service June 24, 65. 
Killed. 

Pro. 2d Lt. Co. E. Aug. i, 62. 
Died Nov. 9, 62. 

Killed at Spottsylvania, May 10, 64. 
Re-en. Feb. 20, 64; pro. Cor. Oct. i, 64. 
Pro. Cor.; killed at Spottsylvania, May 12, 65. 
Died Nov. 27, 62. 
Pro. Sergt.; re-en. Dec. 15, 63; pris. of war 

since June 23, 64. 

Di'-charged Oct. 31, 62. 

Pro. Sergt.; re-en. Dec. 32, 61 ; died May 11, 

64, from wounds received in action. 
Re-en. Dec. 21, 63; died July 15, 64, of 

wounds received in action. 



Volunteers for Three Years. 



20 Dec. 7, 63. 
18 Sept. I, 63. 



27 Nov. 10, 63. 
44 Sept. 23, 63. 



3G 



64. Disch. 



Tr. to Vet. Res. Corps May 23, 
Aug. 9, 1865. 
17 C Must, out of serv. July 14, 1865. 
3 Bat. 
3 Bat. Died. 

II I Died Sept. 13, 1864. 
17 D Died at Andersonville, Ga., Aug. 24, 1S64. 



Brickett, Willard P. 



Vohinteer for One Year. 
Cav. 



CABOT. 



i2i 



Vohmteers Re-enlisted. 



Names, Arje. Enlistment. Reg. Co. 

Bamett, George M. 22 Sept. 2, 61. 4 H 

Cheever, Moses R. 19 Sept. 3, 61, 4 G 

Collins, Hartwell L. 26 June i, 61. 3 G 



Gerry, Eli P. 

Hatch, Gonzalo C. 
Hooker, Amos O. 
Hopkins, Daniel F. 
McLean, Samuel E. 
Page, Wallace W. 



33 Aug. 30, 61. 4 H 



27 June I, 61. 
19 June 31, 62. 

32 Sept. 4, 61. 
23 June I. 61. 



Paine, George W. 25 June i, 61. 

Perry, Adolphus B. Jr., 21 Sept. 11,61. 
Wright, George W. 28 June 10, 61. 
Writer, Anson S. 21 June i, 61. 



G 

H 

Bat. 

H 

G 

G 
H 
G 
G 



Kemarks. 
Re-en Dec. 15, 1863, tr. to Co. E. Feb. 25, 65. 
Re-en Dec. 15, 1863, tr. to Co. F. Feb. 25, 65. 
Re-en Jan. 26, 1864, pro. to 2d lieut., Co. E. 

Aug. 4, 1864, 
Pro. to Corp. ; re-en Dec. 15, 1863 ; tr. to 

Co. C. Feb. 25, 1865 
Re-en Dec. 21, 63 ; tr. to Co. I. July 25, 64. 
Pro. Corp. Feb. 18, 64 ; re-en Feb. 20, 64. 

Re-en Dec. 15, 63 ; tr. to Co. E. Feb. 25, 65. 
Re-en Jan. 22, 1864 ; killed at Cold Harbor, 

June 3, 1864. 
Re-en Dec. 21, 63 ; tr. to Co. I. July 25, 64, 
Re-en Dec. 15, 63; tr. to Co. C. Feb. 25, 65, 
Pro. sergt. ; re-en Dec. 31, 63 ; died May 11. 
Re-en. Dec. 21, 63. Died July 15, 64, of 

wound received in action. 



Hoyt, Jonathan P. 
McCauley, Kenneth 

Two men. 



Veteran Reserve Corps. 
44 Aug. 10, 63. 3 H Tr. from Vet. Res. Corps ; tr. to Co. K. July 
25, 64. 

Miscellaneous not Credited by Name. 



Adams, Chas. S. 
Boyle, Orvis P. 
Corles, Frederick 
Dow, John K. 
Fletcher, William H. 
Gibson, Charles 
Houghton, Charles L. 
Johnson, Silas G. 
Kimball, Isaac 
Maberny, William 
Osgood, Andrew E. 
Perkins, Eben S. 
Perkins, Hiram 
Shaw, George E. 
Wilson, Joseph 
Wilson, Freeman 

Clark, Emery H. 
Dow, Harvey S. 
Haines, William J. 
Hazen, Jasper J. 
Heath, George R. 
Perry, Anthony 
Perry, Jewett 
Smith, Henry D. 
Sprague, Alonzo F. 
Whittier, Harrison 
Wood, Hiram T. 

Fisher, Chas. M. 
Smith, Geo. C. 

Hopkins, Lyman H. 
Howe, Samuel W. 
Knapp, Francis L. 
Swazey, Parker 



Volunteers for Nine Motiths. 
13 C 



Killed at Gettysburg. 



Furnished under Draft. Paid Connmitation. 



Procured Substitutes. 



Entered Service. 

6 A 
6 D 



32 July 29, 63. 2 I Missing in action May 5, 64. 



16 



122 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



Total, 138. Of this number g were 
killed in action, 18 died from disease, 5 
from wounds received in action ; of the 
number that returned, many of them con- 
tracted disease from which they have since 
died, or are now suffering. 

The town paid about $9000 bounty, and 
at the close of the war, to the credit of the 
town be it said, we had no war debt upon 
us. Taxes were levied, and promptly paid 
when money was plenty. 

After the close of the war, and when 
those who had gone first and done battle 
so valiantly for their country had returned 
to their peaceful avocations of life, the 
thoughts of the inhabitants of the town 
were turned to those who had given their 
lives to continue the life of our nation, and 
wishing to hand down their names in 
grateful remembrance to generations yet 
unborn, an article was inserted in the 
warning for March meeting, 1873, to take 
into consideration the subject of erecting a 
monument to their memory. 

At this meeting a committee was elected 
to obtain diagram specimens of material, 
cost of the same, place of location, and 
report at the next March meeting; J. P. 
Lamson, M. P. Wallace and Milton Fisher, 
c5^. Final action was not reached until 
the annual meeting, 1875, when $1500 
was voted for a soldiers' monument on the 
Common, and the committee before ap- 
pointed were instructed to purchase and 
locate the same. The committee con- 
tracted with Mr. Harrington, of Barre, to 
erect a monument of Barre^ granite, at a 
cost of $1500, on the highest point on the 
Common, in front of the Congregational 
church. The height of the monument is 
21 feet; upon the die, inscriptions: 

West Side: 

to the memory of cabot soldiers 
who fell in the great re- 
bellion of 1861-1865. 
Dulcet Desiinm est. Pro patri amor i I 
North side.— Adjatant, Abel Morrill, 
Jr.; 2d lieutenant, Luther B. Scott; Ser- 
geant, Sanford O. Hooker, Eli P. Gerry, 
Samuel H. Thompson, George W. Wright, 
Anson S. Writer; privates, Ziba Batch- 



elder, Nathaniel Bailey, William H. Clark, 
Carlos Desoletts, John H. Dow. 

East Side. — Privates, Wm. G. French, 
Jeremiah A. Heath, Andrew Hill, James 
C. Hill, Enoch S. Hoit, Isaac Kimball, 
Albert Kenerson, Rufus McCrillis, Henry 
O. Marsh, Henry S, Mason, Andrew E. 
Osgood, Wallace Page. 

South Side. — Privates, Adolphus B. 
Perry, Charles H. Perry, JewettW. Perry, 
John Rudd, William Rudd, Erastus H. 
Scott, Parker Swazey, Don C. Walbridge, 
Jarvis S. Smith, George E. Stone, Ken- 
drick Trow, Edward E. Hall. 

This monument was dedicated to the 
memory of these deceased soldiers July 
4, 1876, at 2 o'clock p. M., with singingby 
the choir, prayer by Rev. B. S. Adams, 
dedicatory address by J. P. Lamson, Esq., 
music by the Montpelier Band, and me- 
morial and dedication services by Brooks 
Post, G. A. R., from Montpelier. From 
the able address of Mr. Lamson we make 
the following brief extract : 

We meet to-day around this monument 
of the fallen heroes of Cabot to join in the 
ceremonies of its dedication. By the 
people of Cabot this structure has been 
reared in commemoration of those noble 
men, who, when rebellious hands were 
raised against their country's life, bade a 
last farewell to kindred and home, and 
went forth to die in its defence. Their 
sacred names are enshrined in our mem- 
ories, and engraved on the tablets of our 
hearts ; as long as life shall last, we, of 
this generation, shall cherish the recol- 
lections of their heroic deeds and noble 
martyrdom with a devotion which no mon- 
ument can kindle, and no inscription can 
keep alive. But time will pass, and mem- 
ories and traditions shall fail, and the 
tablet of fiesh must moulder into dust. It 
is fit, therefore, that we should carve on 
the everlasting granite the names of that 
noble band, that our children and our 
children's children may learn by whose 
blood our country was baptized into new 
life, and the bonds of its union were ce- 
mented for all coming time. 

Let this monument stand, then, a proud 
memorial of the dead, and may time touch 
it with a gentle hand as it bears to suc- 
ceeding generations its just and deserving 
record. 

At this time I am oppressed with a sense 
of the impropriety of uttering words on this 
occasion. If silence is ever golden, it must 



CABOT. 



123 



be here beside this monument, which bears 
the names of thirty-six men whose lives 
were more significant than speech, and 
whose death was a poem, the music of 
which can never be sung. For love of 
country they accepted death. That act 
resolved all doubts, and made immortal 
their patriotism and their virtue. 

Fortunate men ! Your country lives be- 
cause you died ; your fame is placed where 
the breath of calumny can never reach it; 
where the mistakes of a weary life can 
never dim its brightness. Coming gen- 
erations will rise up to call you blessed. 
So unseltish, so little looking for reward, 
so trusting for the final good, .so venturing 
for the brotherhood of man on the father- 
hood of God. And it was for this senti- 
ment of country, and nothing else, that 
these whose names are engraved on this 
monument first sprang to arms and offered 
themselves as martyrs. "My Country" 
and the "old flag," how these thoughts 
quickened the elastic step, which bore 
them to the strife. How it lingered on 
dying lips when the bloody fray was over, 
"Tell her I die for my country." Softly 
would we touch the strings that vibrate 
only to plaintive notes — husband, father, 
brother, son, the loved, the fondly cher- 
ished. 

Nobly did they fall, and in a righteous 
cause. Their country called, and in the 
great cause of humanity they died. And 
though their bones lie bleaching on a 
Southern soil, far away from friends and 
home, yet ever fresh will be their mem- 
ories in the hearts of the living and the 
loved. And their records will remain from 
everlasting to everlasting, after this mon- 
ument dedicated to them shall have crum- 
bled into dust. 

To you, soldiers of this town, this monu- 
ment IS dedicated ; make yourselves worthy 
of the honor. Your past is at least secure. 
May you so conduct yourselves in the con- 
flicts of life as to preserve unfaded those 
wreaths of glory, which your deeds have so 
nobly won. 

Let gene ratio ru^fter generation, as they 
pass from the cradle to the grave, be re- 
minded, as they look on this enduring 
monument, of the conflicts which inaug- 
urated the birth of our country, of the 
hardships and sacrifices by which it was 
pursued, and the serious part they may be 
called upon to perform for its further per- 
petuation. 

Let it stand, then, an everlasting me- 
morial and teacher, and in the ceremonies 
of this day let us invoke Almighty God to 
hold it tenderly in the hollow of his hand, 
and consecrate it with his continual bless- 



I.IEUT. COLONEL KIMBALL. 



BY J. C. JULIUS LANGBIEN, OF NEW YORK CITY, 

Civil yustice, and formerly Drummer of " A'." 

C. (jlh, N. Y. Vols. I Hawkins Zouaves. 

Eliphalet Addison Kimball was born 
June 3, 1822, in Pembroke, N. H. His 
mother survived his birth but 11 days. 
His father, soon after the death of his wife, 
removed to Cabot, Vt., where Addison's 
aunt and uncles resided, and it was here 
he and she, who mourns him as his de- 
voted widow, lived in childhood together 
until his 17th year, when he went to Con- 
cord, N. H., learned the printer's trade, 
returned to Vermont, and entered the oiifice 
of the Woodstock Age, Charles G. East- 
man editor and owner, a man of education 
and accomplishments, poet and politician. 
Young Kimball in two years bought the 
Age, and became its' editor and publisher, 
Mr. Eastman purchasing the Vennojit Pat- 
riot, and removing to Montpelier. While 
editor of the Age the war with Mexico was 
agitated. The Age, a democratic paper, 
took strong sides with the government, 
then under democratic control. The young 
editor wrote with instinctive force and 
character, and his editorials attracted at- 
tention. By a .sort of magnetism, wh) ,h 
he even then possessed, he soon gained 
influential friends. It was remarked there 
was no other young man 24 years of age 
who had more friends among the demo- 
cratic leaders, and that took the pride and 
interest in him they did. This influence 
and friendship secured him a captain's 
commission from President Polk in the 9th 
N. E. reg.,-Col. Ransom, from Wood- 
stock, commanding. 

He gave up his paper and post-office to 
be a soldier — he was postmaster at Wood- 
stock, and the quartermaster office ; he 
had been appointed by Gov. Slade, of 
Vermont, quartermaster of the 3d. Div. 
of the Vt. militia, Feb. i, 1840. He sailed 
for Mexico, May 27, 1847. He was in the 
first engagements at Contreras and Churu- 
busco. 

For his brave conduct in these engage- 
ments he received a brevet, and from that 
time was mentioned and thanked in gen- 



124 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



eral orders in nearly every engagement 
under Gen. Scott. Col. Ransom, the 
commander of the regiment, loved him as 
his son, and was as proud of him as one 
brave man can be of another. At Chepul- 
tepec, where Ransom fell, young Kimball 
with the Vermont boys, was the first to 
reach the Mexican flag on the heights, 
which he tore down quick as a flash, and 
surmounted with the stripes and stars. 

Owing to some misunderstanding, the 
credit of tliis achievement was given to 
Major Seymour, of the regiment, whom it 
made so famous that he became the gov- 1 
ernor of Connecticut. I 

After the fight, he was given a picket 
body of men to open communications with 
the city of Vera Cruz, and to bring up sup- 
plies and recruits for the army. This duty 
having been satisfactorily performed, he 
was placed in command of the vessel, 
taking the troops home to Ft. Adams, 
R. I. He had also received his commis- 
sion as brevet major. Aug. 20, 1847, and 
his welcome home was an ovation from the 
time he left Fort Adams until he visited 
Cabot, the scene of his childhood days, 
where the oldest and most respected cit- 
ijfins, headed by Captain Perry, a soldier 
of the Vt. Militia, as their Grand Marshal, 
paraded and marched through the town in 
his honor, and in the evening a grand ban- 
quet was spread, where he was welcomed 
home by people of all shades of political 
and social life. 

During all these stirring records of his 
life there was one who watched his every 
movement, and shared with him in his 
triumph and glory, and 2 years later, Nov. 
I, 1849, Major Kimball was married at the 
church where they had both been bap- 
tized, to her in whose heart his memory 
will ever be green. At this time he was 
the Route Agent from Wells River to 
Boston. The following year the young 
couple came to New York City, where 
Major Kimball obtained a responsible po- 
sition on the New York Herald. He re- 
mained on the Herald \\xi\S\. 1853, when he 
was appointed by President Pierce in the 
New York Custom House. It was while 



there employed that the Southern rebellion 
broke out. 

Apr. 16. 1861, Major Kimball wrote to 
Gov. Fairbanks, of Vermont, offering his 
services. The Governor was unable to give 
him a command. He next offered his ser- 
vices to the 9th New York Vols. (Haw- 
kins Zouaves) and was elected. This reg- 
iment was first ordered to Riker's Island, 
in the East river. While here the news 
agents of New York City presented to 
iMajor Kimball an elegant sword, and his 
friends of the Custom House a beautiful 
pair of epaulettes. The march of the 
"Ninth" down Broadway to the seat of 
war was one of the grandest ovations of 
the kind ever witnessed in the metropolis. 

The Major, b}- his soldierly bearing, 
fame, bravery and experience in the Mex- 
ican War, inspired the men with confi- 
dence, and the regiment had perfected 
itself in drill and discipline. They were 
looked upon with pride and affection by 
the city of New York. June 5, the reg- 
iment left New York, embarked on the 
"Marion " and " George Peabody " ; June 
10, it covered the rear of our retreating 
forces at Big Bethel. It was not other- 
wise actively engaged with the enemy in 
this engagement. Aug. 4, '61, Major K. 
was surprised by the following communi- 
cation : 

Camp Butler, Newport News, Va., \ 
August 4, 1 861. \ 

Maj. E. A. Kimball, ^h Reg. N. Y. Vols: 

We, the undersigned officers of the ist 
Regiment Vermont Volunteer Militia, be- 
ing about to depart to our native State to 
I be mustered out of the service of the U.S. 
I Government, do hereby tender to you our 
! kindest regards, and ho^e ere long to see 
' vou in your appropriate position, the 
Commander of a Regiment of Green 
Mountain Boys of such men as you have 
' heretofore led to victory on six different 
i battle-fields in support of the honor and 
flag of your country, and we ardently de- 
! sire to see you again manfully fighting at 
' the head of a regiment, leading to victory, 
I honor and glory, the citizen soldiery of 
I vour own much-loved State of Vermont. 

To command a regiment of Green 
: Mountain Boys was an ardent, long-felt 
j desire of Major Kimball's. He was one of 



CABOT. 



125 



the first to offer his services to Governor 
Fairbanks. It was always a regret that 
tinged the remainder of hisHfe that a com- 
mand had not been offered him from that 
State, for he felt that his services in Mexico 
entitled him to such an honor. A few 
days after the battle of Roanoke Island he 
wrote home to his wife : 

We have had a big fight and a splendid 
victory. I have not time to tell you the 
particulars, except that I charged the bat- 
tery at the head of my New York boys. 
God bless them ! we carried it. It was 
fully equal to anything I ever saw before. 
The prisoners say they fired at me time 
and time again, and that I must bear a 
charmed life. They did fire at me smartly. 
You will see the papers. I am well now, 
but can't go through many more as I did 
the other. / wish I could have made the 
same charge at the head of a Vermont Reg- 
iment, but it was not to be so. 

A sore spot in his heart ; he loved the 
Vermont boys. In another letter to his 
wife : 

You may rest assured if we have a chance, 
you will hear a good account of us. Our 
regiment numbers 950 men, and next to 
the "old Mexico 9th," is the best I ever 
saw. 

Feb. 8, '62, the battle of Roanoke Island, 
where the regiment gained its first fame, 
making the first decisive, successful bay- 
onet charge of the war. The battle had 
been raging for some time when the Third 
Brigade was sent for, ^nd they began to 
advance, the "Ninth" taking the lead. 
The road was a long, narrow causeway, 
flanked by marsh and ditches, and at the 
head a three-gun battery had a range of 
the field. The left wing advanced, led by 
Kimball, sword in hand, cheering on his 
men. "Now is the time, and you are the 
men," cried Gen. Foster, and the Zouaves 
rushed forward, with their peculiar cry of 
" Zou ! Zou ! Zou!" their red caps and 
blue, baggy uniform filling the narrow 
causeway, the intrepid Kimball leading 
them. The thunder of the rebel guns was 
heard ; quick as their flash every man 
prostrates himself upon his face ; the iron 
grape and cannister speed overhead, and 
lodge behind, scattering death among the 
other troops. The Zouaves mount the 



parapet upon which their colors are plant- 
ed, and before the rebel gunners have 
time to reload, their soldiers are flying in 
terror to the rear. A prisoner after the 
battle said : "It was perfectly frightful to 
witness the mad ■ career in which the 
Zouaves advanced upon a work which, 
until that moment, every one in it had 
supposed to be impregnable." 

From report of General Parke to General 
Burnside : 

The delay in the progress of the troops 
through the swamp being so great, it was 
decided to change the course of the 9th 
N. Y. Regiment, and the order was sent 
to the Colonel to turn to the left, and 
charge the battery directly up the road, 
and the regiment, with a hearty yell and 
cheer, struck into the road, and made for 
the battery on the run. The order was 
given to charge the enemy with fixed bay- 
onets. This was done in gallant style. 
Major Kimball taking the lead. The 
Major was very conspicuous during the 
movement, and I take great pleasure in 
commending him to your favorable notice. 

Col. Hawkins in his report: 

Upon reaching the battle-ground, I was 
ordered to outflank the enemy on their left, 
where they were in position behind an in- 
trenchment, mounting three guns. After 
leading the Ninth New York into a marsh, 
immediately in front of the enemy's work, 
amidst a heavy fire from them of grape 
and musketry, the order was given to 
charge the regiment with fixed bayonets. 
This was done in gallant style. Major 
Kimball taki^ig the lead. 

A friend who served with the Major in 
Mexico writes to him : 

My Dear Major: — Glory to God in the 
highest ! I have just been reading an ac- 
count of your gallant charge at the head of 
your boys on Roanoke Island. It fairly 
made the tears come into my eyes when I 
read of my old commander's offer to lead 
the charge, and doing it, too, as no one 
but he could do it. I would give ten years 
of my life to have been by your side. I 
glory in your glory, and would like to 
shake the hand of every boy of the 9th. 
God bless the number ! The glorious news 
from Roanoke tells me that you have been 
doing to the flag of the rebels what you 
did to the Mexican flag in '47. I am not 
disappointed, for I knew that you would 
allow no one to get nearer the enemy than 
yourself. 

Shortly after this battle, Lieut. Col. 



126 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



Betts, of the regiment, resigned, and Maj. 
Kimball was promoted to Lieut. Colonel, 
Feb. 14, 1862. 

At the battle of South Mills, N. C, 
Ap. 9, '61, Col. Kimball displayed the 
same bravery, riding in the midst of the 
battle, at the head of the " Ninth," or- 
dered to charge the enemy. This battle, 
comparatively unheard of, was of the ut- 
most importance to the country, as it led 
to the evacuation of the city of Norfolk. 
The regiment marched 46 miles in 26 
hours, in addition to battle. Col. Kim- 
ball, writing of it to his wife, says : 

We have had a terrible fight, the hottest 
fire I was ever under. My horse was shot 
under me. We lost 73 men from our reg- 
iment. I escaped, as usual, unhurt. 

At South Mountain, September 14, the 
"Ninth" supported Clark's Battery of 
Regulars, the prelude to " Antietam." 
Major Judevine had command of the 89th 
N. Y. The enemy made several fierce 
charges upon this battery, which was gal- 
lantly supported by the "Ninth" under 
its gallant Colonel. After crossing Antie- 
tam Creek, in the face of a heavy fire by 
the enemy's sharp-shooters, the enemy 
took position under the brow of the steep 
heights, many of the enemy's shells strik- 
ing in front of them, and ricocheting over 
their heads before exploding, while others 
burst in the ranks, killing and wounding 
the brave boys. Kimball in command, 
impatiently waiting the order to advance, 
with sword in hand, stood upon the brow 
of the hill, the perfect picture of the hero. 

The long-expected command came, the 
regiment rashed to the top of the hill, 
their leader in advance. Storm of shot 
and shell greeted them. Zou-Zou-Zou ! 
their war-cry rang wildly above the bat- 
tle's din. Outstripping far the rest of their 
line in their daring charge, on they swept. 
. . . . Men falling at every step far back 
as could be seen, the track of the regiment 
strewn with the slain, the brave Kimball or- 
dered his bugler, Flocton, by his side, to 
blow the " Assembly of the Ninth." It was 
done ; the regiment rallied ; they encounter 
a stone wall ; with a wild cheer they sur- 
mount it. Here a terrific bayonet fight 



takes place ; the Zouaves hold their own ; 
re-inforcements arrive ; the enemy retreat 
in wild confusion. Kimball writes to his 
beloved wife : 

I am out of the hardest-fought battle I 
was ever in, and probably the hardest 
fought on this continent. I lost 221 out 
of 469 of my regiment which I took into 
action. I got a slight bruise. It was only 
by the mercy of Divine Providence that 
any of us escaped. We have fought a 
great battle, and won a great victory, but 

the cost has been immense 

I had my horse shot under me by a shell 
explosion. He is well, however. 

For his meritorious conduct in this 
battle. Col. Kimball was especially men- 
tioned and thanked in the ofiicial report of 
Gen. Cox, commanding the 9th army 
corps. 

At Fredericksburg, under General Burn- 
side, the regiment was engaged. Colonel 
Kimball in command. He writes : 

Dear Lite: — The cannon are now firing 
so the very earth quakes ; near 400 of them 
in action. We get in line in a few min- 
utes. God knows how soon the line may 
be broken, and who comes out of to-day. 
To-day will undoubtedly decide the fate of 
our nation, and if I fall, God knows I shall 
do so loving my country. Already has 
commenced one of the greatest battles of 
the world. My horse is saddled and before 
my tent, and we shall attempt to cross the 
river in a few minutes. God bless you all ! 

Addison. 

But with all his dash and intrepidity, 
many an officer and soldier in the ranks 
can bear witness that in battle he was cool 
and collected as on parade. He was no 
holiday soldier ; he dreaded the horrors of 
a battle-field, but personally knew no fear; 
a braver man and truer soldier never lived. 
He was a patriot, and that patriotism was 
not born of the rebellion. He had a rev- 
erence for the old flag. He was often 
heard to say : It is the proudest flag that 
floats, and his right arm and his life were 
always ready in its defence. 

He fought in other battles as heroically. 
When Col. Kimball commanded, he al- 
ways led his men into the battle ; and yet 
how reluctantly we come to that fatal night, 
Apr. 12, 1863. On that night the reg- 
iment lost its father and the nation one of 



CABOT. 



127 



its most gallant and heroic defenders — the 
hero of sixteen battles, in which he had 
been the " bravest of the brave," and that 
not by the sword, nor by the bayonet of 
the enemy ; the regiment could have borne 
that ; but he was mercilessly shot down in 
cold blood by an officer of the same army, 
most recreant deed ! 

By order from Gen. Dix, the regiment 
in command of Gen. Peck, left Pittsmouth 
for Suffolk the eve of the 12th, marching 
the distance of 30 miles, and coming in at 
I o'clock at night the 13th. The troops 
were ordered to be under arms at 3 o'clock. 
Col. Kimball was tired and worn out, but 
his soldierly instincts would not let him 
sleep until, an attack being expected, he 
had made inspection of the ground. While 
thus engaged, on foot, with no weapon but 
his sword, he encountered a body of horse- 
men, and soldier as he was, on his own 
camp-ground, he immediately ordered a 
halt, and demanded the countersign, plac- 
ing his hand at the same time upon the 
hilt of his sword, as if in the act of draw- 
ing it. The body of horsemen were Brig- 
adier General Michael Corcoran, who was 
officer of the day, and his staff, who, with- 
out a word of warning, drew a pistol from 
his holster and fired, the ball striking the 
Colonel in, and passing through, his neck. 
Fool-hardy and terrible blunder ! The 
news spread through camp like wild- 
fire. The regiment was frantic. They 
could not realize at first the lament- 
able, and to them costly, situation of 
affairs. He, for whom they all thought no 
bullet was ever cast, shot down in cold 
blood. Their indignation knew no bounds, 
and they demanded immediate court- 
martial, and refused to do duty, and threat- 
ened dire vengeance unless it was done. It 
was not until Gen. Getty promised imme- 
diate investigation, they were restrained. 
There was no justification for the act. It 
was entirely dastardly. Col. Kimball was 
alone, without his fire-arms, on foot ; Gen. 
Corcoran was accompanied by his staff, 
himself and all armed, on horseback. He 
could have had Kimball arrested by one of 
his staff officers if he had deemed it proper, 
but Col. Kimball was only in the perform- 



ance of a duty upon his own ground. The 
arrogant and hot Corcoran was piqued by 
having the countersign demanded of him. 
Napoleon was stopped by a sentinel. 
Washington was stopped by a sentinel ; 
Frederick the Great. Did any of these 
great commanders shoot their sentinel? 
Would it not have been more manly, more 
soldierly, in General Corcoran to have 
either given or demanded the countersign, 
than thus hastily to have shot that brave 
man and officer on his own ground. In 
any other country it would have been 
murder. But General Corcoran met his 
deserts. Not long afterwards, while out 
riding, he fell from his horse and broke 
his neck. 

The body was embalmed, and under an 
escort detailed from the regiment, and a 
committee from the city authorities, was 
brought to New York, where it lay in state 
in the Governor's rooms at the City Hall, 
and thousands of people viewed the re- 
mains, and shed tears as they gazed upon 
the dead soldier, whose bravery in battle 
was upon the lips of all. Never was the 
dead admired more by his audience. Of 
what avail to him so ruthlessly slain ? The 
flag draped his coffin, and the flag was 
covered with the most beautiful flowers ; 
depended from the sweetest flower-cluster, 
"We mourn our loss." The sword, belt 
and cap lay among the flowers. The dog 
which had followed its master through all 
his campaigns, lay crouched beneath, des- 
olate and inconsolable, faithful and true to 
the last. 

Six war-worn Zouaves bore the coffin to 
the hearse ; the military escort presented 
arms ; a salvo of 21 gims was fired from a 
battery in the park ; Battalion of police, 
under Capt. Mills ; First Regiment N. G. S. 
N. Y. (Cavalry) Lieut. Col. Minten, com- 
manding ; Sixty-ninth Regiment, Major 
Bagley, commanding ; Seventy-first Reg- 
iment, Col. Trafford, commanding ; with 
arms reversed ; volunteer officers ; with the 
faithful dog; the Col's, horse, led by his 
old, orderly Sergeant ; hearse drawn by 
six horses drajDed in mourning, flanked by 
the pall-bearers and Cols. Roome, Varain, 
Maidhoff, Ward, Mason, Lieut. Cols. Grant 



128 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



and Burke ; widow and friends in car- 
riages ; officers of the ist Division N. G. S. 
N. Y. Detacliment of the original Hawkins 
Zouaves ; Detachment of the Second Bat- 
talion of Hawkins Zouaves ; the Mayor and 
Common Council in carriages ; citizens in 
carriages ; upon public and private build- 
ings flags at half-mast ; the procession 
moved to Greenwood. 

The regiment placed a handsome mon- 
ument over his grave. Colonel Kimball 
was 40 years of age, 10 mos. The Zouave 
Militia Regiment, formed of the surviving 
members of the regiment, named for him 
their first Co. in 1865: " E. A. Kimball 
Post 100." A large and handsome paint- 
ing of him adorns the Post-room, and 
every May, the remnant of that old reg- 
iment go down to Greenwood to decorate 
his grave. 

♦ Nor sliall your slory be forgot, 

Wliile fame her record keeps ; 
Or lioiior points tlie hallowed spot 
Wliere valor proudly sleeps. 

historian's note. 

THE ACKNOWLEDGMENTS OF THE WRITEK. 

At the regular March meeting, 1 88 1 , the 
selectmen were instructed to agree with 
some one, at a reasonable compensation, 
to write the history of Cabot. Accordingly 
the one whose name stands at the head of 
this paper was engaged for the task. To 
me it has been a very pleasant undertaking, 
although at times somewhat discouraging, 
on account of the difficulty in gathering 
statistics and information as closely as I 
wished ; but I have discharged the duties 
to the best of my ability, with what I had 
to do with, and I hope that my labors have 
not been wholly in vain, but that these 
pages may be of some interest to those 
who shall read them now, that we may 
see something of the sufferings and priva- 
tions that the first settlers endured to bring 
about the comforts with which we are sur- 
rounded ; and when another century shall 
have passed, and the historian shall take 
his pen to record its history, may he find 
as many noble and commendable acts in 
those upon the stage at the present time to 
record, as we have found in those who 
have preceded us in the past one hundred 
years. 



Those who have most kindly assisted 
me in this labor are not only worthy of 
my thanks, but the unfeigned gratitude of 
the whole town, and the Editor who has 
undertaken, and carried so near to com- 
pletion, the noble work of gathering up the 
history of each town in the State, coming 
generations should rise up and call her 
blessed. J. M. F. 

July, 1881. 



CALAIS. 

BY JAMES K. TOBEY AND. EDWIN E. ROBINSON. 

Location : In the north-easterly part of 
Washington Co. ; bounded northerly by 
Woodbury, easterly by Marshfield, south- 
erly by East Montpelier, westerly by Wor- 
cester. The easterly line passes its entire 
length along the summit of the ridge, di- 
viding the valley of the Winooski in 
Marshfield from the territory drained by 
Kingsbury branch, and the westerly line 
about half a mile west of, and nearly pai- 
allel with, the ridge dividing the waters of 
Kingsbury branch from those of North 
branch in Worcester. The northerly line 
crosses the southern portion of two quite 
large ponds, that receive the streams, 
draining the southern and central portions 
of Woodbury about one-third of the surface 
of that town. 

From Sabin pond, the most easterly of 
these, Kingsbury branch flows southerly, 
leaving the town near the S. E. corner. 
Nelson pond, near the middle of the north 
line, discharges its waters southerly into 
Wheelock pond, the largest in town, and 
thence by the Center branch southerly and 
easterly into Kingsbury branch, some 2 
miles from the S. E. corner of the town. 
About a mile from the west line, and near 
its middle, is Curtis pond, discharging its 
waters S. E. into the Center branch. 
Near the center bf the town, and a mile 
and a half farther south, this branch re- 
ceives the waters from Bliss pond, in the 
S. W. part of the town. All the pondsand 
streams above mentioned, except Center 
branch, received their names from early 
settlers in their vicinity. Near the middle 
of the south line is Sodom pond, discharg- 



CALMS. 



i29 



ing its waters into the Winooski near East 
Montpelier village. Kingsbury branch 
drains about four-fifths of the surface of 
the town ; of the remainder about two- 
thirds is drained into North branch, and 
the rest into Sodom pond. 

Among our highest points of land are 
Hersey and Robinson hills, in the western 
ridge near Worcester line. These are 
cleared to their summits, excellent j^asture, 
and affording fine views of nearly the whole 
town, and eastward to the eastern range of 
the Green Mountains, with an occasional 
glimpse of the White'Mountains beyond, 
while at the west the view includes nearly 
all of Worcester, and is bounded by the 
mountains in the western part of that town. 
The surface is quite broken, but there is 
very little land in town not available for 
farm purposes. The soil is generally a 
fertile loam, in places of a lighter charac- 
ter, inclining to sand. The underlying 
rock is slate and limestone, often inter- 
mixed, and furnishing enough small stones 
in the surface soil to constantly remind the 
ploughman that, having put his hand to 
the plough, he should not look back. At 
the same time the soil is comparatively 
free from "cobble stones" and boulders 
except in limited localities. 

The General Assembly of the State, in 
se.ssion at Arlington, October 21st, 1780, 

Resolved, that there be, and we Do 
hereby, grant unto Colonel Jacob Davis, 
Mr. Stephen Fay and Company, to the 
Number of Sixty, a Township of Land by 
the Name of Calais, Situated in this State, 
Bounded as follows, and lying East of, 
and adjoining to, Worcester, and north 
of Montpelier, Containing Twenty-three 
Thousand and forty acres, and the Gov- 
ernor and Council are hereby Requested 
to State the fees for Granting Said tract, 
and Issue a Grant under such Restrictions 
and Regulations as they shall Judge Proper. 
— Extract from the Journals. R. Hopkins, 
clerk. 

The same day in Council it was 

Resolved, that the fees for granting the 
said tract be, and they are hereby, set at 
four hundred and Eighty Pounds LawfuU 
Money in silver, or an Equivalent in Con- 
tinental Currency, to be Paid by the said 
Jacob Davis, Stephen Fay, or their Attor- 
ney, on the Execution of the Charter of 



incorporation on or before the first Day of 
January Next. — Extract from the minutes. 
Joseph Fay, Sec'y. 

One month after the grant was made, 
the first recorded meeting of the propri- 
etors was held, and the following record 
made : 

At Public Meeting of the Proprietors of 
the Township of Calais, at the house of 
Mr. Elisha Thomson, Inholder in Charlton, 
Mass., November 20th, 1780, came to the 
following votes, [viz.] [58 Present] : 

istly. Voted and Chose Colo. Jacob 
Davis, Moderator. 

2dly. Voted and Chose Stephen Fay, 
Proprietor's Clerk. 

3dly. Voted that Mr. Stephen Fay to 
apply to the Authority of the State of Ver- 
mont for the Charter of incorporation of 
s'd Township, and for Each Proprietor to 
pay their Money to him, the s'd Fay, the 
sum of Eight Pounds silver money, or 
Cont'l. Currency equivalent thereto, it 
being in full for Granting fees for each 
Right in said Township. By the thirtieth 
day of December Next (or be excluded 
from any further Right or Property in 
Said Township.) 

4thly. for the Clerk to give Notice of 
the above article by Posting. 

5thly. Voted for each Proprietor to 
Pay their Equal Proportion of their Agents 
time and expenses to obtain the grant of 
said Township by the nth Day of De- 
cember next, and for the Clerk to enter 
their names, or cause their names to be 
entered, in the Charter of said Township. 

6thly. Voted to adjourn this Meeting 
to the first Wednesday in April next, at 
one o'clock afternoon, to this place. Errors 
Excepted. Attest, Ste'n. Fay, 

Pro. Clerk. 

There is no record of the adjourned 
meeting, and probably none was held, and 
the proprietors do not seem to have met 
the requirements of the grant in regard to 
payment of the granting fee, as shown : 

Arlington, 29th of Jan'y. 1781. 
Rec'd of Mr. Stephen Fay, Two Hun- 
dred and Thirty-three Pounds, fourteen 
Shillings and three Pence, LawfuU money. 
Towards Granting fees of the Town of 
Calais. Rec'd. 

Pr. Me, Thomas Chittenden, 
Committee. 

The time of paying the balance was ex- 
tended to March following : 

Arlington, loth of September, 1781. 

Rec'd of Stephen Fay, By the hand of 
Noah Chittenden, three Pounds, thirteen 



17 



130 



VERMONT HlSTORICALlMAGAZlNE. 



Shillings, as Part of the Granting fees of 
the Town of Calais. Rec'd by me, 

Thomas Chittenden. 

Boston, 28th of September, 1781. 
Rec'd of Col. Jacob Davis, Two Hun- 
dred and forty- two Pounds, Twelve Sliil- 
lings and Ninepence in full of the Grant- 
ing fees of the Town of Calais, in the State 
of Vermont, within mentioned. 

Pr. Noah Chittenden. 

Previous to the payment of the two last 
mentioned sums, the charter was issued : 

Unto the said Jacob Davis, Stephen 
Fay, and to the several persons hereafter 
named, their associates [viz] : Ephraim 
Starkweather, Lemuel KoHock, Noah Good- 
man, Seth Washburn, Joseph Dorr, Justin 
Ely, Abel Goodell, Shubal Peck, Nathan 
Tyler, David Wheelock, Nehemiah Stone, 
Nehemiah Stone, Jun'r., Phinehas Slay- 
ton, Phinehas Slayton, Jun'r., Daniel 
Bacon, JunV., Henry Fisk, Jun'r., Peter 
Wheelock, Sarah Davis, Ezra Davis, Dan- 
iel Steeter, Eli Jones, Josiah Town, Peter 
Sleeman, Salem Town, Samuel Robinson, 
of Charlton, Ebenezer White, Jun'r., Eli 
Wheelock, John Mower, David Hammond, 
Elisha Thomson, Caleb Ammidown, Na- 
thaniel Wellington, Peter Taft, William 
Ware, David Fisk, David Fay, of Charl- 
ton, Thomas Foskett, Marvin Mower, Jer- 
emiah Davis, Job Rutter, Jonathan Tucker, 
Richard Coburn, Jonathan Rich, Ebenezer 
Allen [Clerk], Abijah Lamb, Ebenezer 
Lamb, Edward Woolcott, Lemuel Ed- 
wards, Abner Mellen, JobMerrit, William 
Comins, Isaiah Rider, Samuel Fay, Elisha 
Town, Oliver Starkweather, John Stark- 
weather, Bezaleel Mann and John Morey. 

The usual reservation of iive rights for 
public uses follows in the charter, and then 
the boundaries. And that the same be, 
and hereby is, incorporated into a town- 
ship by the name of Calais. 

The charter closes with the following : 

Conditions and Reservations, viz. : that 
each Proprietor in the Township of Calais, 
aforesaid, his Heirs or Assigns, shall Plant 
and Cultivate five acres of land, and build 
an house at least eighteen feet square on 
the floor, or have one family settled on 
each respective Right within the term of 
three years next after the circumstances of 
the War will admit of a settlement with 
safety, on Penalty of the forfeiture of each 
respective Right of land in said Township 
not so improved or settled, and the same 
to revert to the Freemen of this State, to 
be by their Representatives regranted to 
such Persons as shall appear to settle and 



cultivate the same. That all Pine Timber 
suitable for a Navy be reserved for the use 
and Benefit of the Freemen of this State. 

In Testimony whereof we have caused 
the seal of this State to be affixed. In 
Council this Fifteenth Day of August, 
Anno Domini, one Thousand seven Hun- 
dred and Eighty-one, In the 5th year of 
the Independence oi this, and Sixth of the 
United States. Thos. Chittenden. 

Joseph Fay, Sec'y. 

As to the name given this town, we have 
no positive knowledge, and even tradition 
is silent, but it seems reasonable to sup- 
pose that Colonel Jacob Davis suggested 
the name of Calais, as he is known to have 
done of Montpelier. He was largely in- 
terested in these two proposed towns, the 
petitions for both grants were probably 
made at the same time, as they came be- 
fore the General Assembly together, and 
as the leading, active spirit in the enter- 
prise, it was but natural that he should 
suggest the names. He had become prej- 
udiced against the custom, so common 
among the settlers, of giving the name of 
the old home to the new, and wishing to 
avoid this in his selection of names, his at- 
tention was naturally drawn to France, 
rather than England, by her attitude 
toward this country at that time, and per- 
haps, also by thought of a prior claim 
upon Verd Mont through her daring and 
gallant son Champlain. And so it came 
about that two of the beautiful old cities 
of France had namesakes in the Green 
Mountain wilderness. 

The second proprietors' meeting on 
record was held at the house of Maj. Salem 
Town, in-holder in Charlton, May 18, 1783, 
when tlie following officers were elected : 

Col. Jacob Davis, moderator ; Stephen 
Fay, Pr. clerk ; Dea. Nehemiah Stone, 
treasurer; Maj. Salem Town, Capt. Sam'l 
Robinson, Mr. Peter Taft, assessors ; Capt. 
Peter Sleeman, collector ; Col. Jacob Davis, 
Capt. Peter Sleeman, Capt. Sam'l Robin- 
son, a committee to lot out s'd lands. Ad- 
journed, to meet at the .same place, August 
20, 1783, (when there was) "granted a 
Tax of three silver dollars on each Right of 
Land (exclusive of the Public Rights) to 
Defray the back charges that have arisen. 



CALAIS. 



131 



and also to enable the Committee to Lott 
out said Township." 

This was the first tax laid upon the town 
of Calais, and it Vas probably immediately 
following this meeting the first attempt to 
survey the town was made. 

The following is from Hon. Shubael 
Wheeler's account of Calais, published in 
Thompson's Gazetteer : 

In the summer of 1783, the proprietors 
sent a committee, consisting of Col. Jacob 
Davis, Capt. Samuel Robinson and others, 
to survey a division of this town of 160 
acres to the right. " A Mr. Brush, from 
Bennington, was the surveyor. The com- 
mittee and surveyor found their way to 
Calais with their necessary stores, and 
after running four lines on the north side 
of the first division, they abandoned the 
survey. Of their stores, then left, was a 
much-valued keg, containing about 10 
gallons of good W. l.rum, which in coun- 
cil, they determined should be buried, 
which ceremony was said to have been 
performed with much solemnity, and a 
sturdy maple, towering above the sur- 
rounding trees on the westerly side of 
Long (Curtis) pond, with its ancient and 
honorable scars, still marks the conse- 
crated spot." 

At the next meeting .of the proprietors, 
held Dec. 25, 1783, " the Committee Re- 
ported by Presenting a Plan of said Town- 
ship, Part of the first Division Lotts sur- 
veyed as said Committe saith." 

Sixty-four of these first division lots, 
each one-haif mile square, are included in 
a scjuare of 4 miles on each side. It is 
supposed that these lots were intended to 
have been in the center of the town, leav- 
ing an undivided space one mile wide on 
either side of them, but by .some mistake, 
their north-easterly boundary is only y] 
rods from the town line. 

At the s'd meeting, Dec. 1783, this first 
division was drawn by lot to the several 
proprietors, and they also voted and 
granted a tax of 54^, 8s. 8d. silver money, 
assessed on the rights of land, exclusive of 
public rights. 

Apr. 26, 1784, a meeting was held, and 
the following officers elected to fill vacan- 
cies occasioned by resignations : 

Major Salem Town, treasurer; Caleb 
Ammidown, Esq. and Lieut. Jonathan 



Tucker, assessors; after, nothing for 2 
years seems to have been done toward 
completing the survey or settling the town- 
ship. 

May 29, 1786, a meeting held; Capt. 
Samuel Robinson chosen to make applica- 
tion to a justice in Vermont, for a warrant 
to call a proprietors' meeting agreeably to 
the laws of that State, at the house ol Maj. 
Calvin Parkhurst, in Royalton, August 15, 
following, Aug. I, 1786, a meeting held; 
instructions given to proprietors who should 
attend the meeting at Royalton. The de- 
sign seems to have been at this time to 
bring the transactions of the proprietors 
within the jurisdiction of Vermont, by 
authorizing the surveying party about to 
leave for this State, to hold meetings here. 

Warrant granted by the Hon. Moses 
Robinson, published in the Vert/ioitt Ga- 
zette, June 26, 1786; this being the first 
meeting held in Vermont, we will give the 
record in full : 

At a Proprietors' Meeting, held at Maj'r 
Calvin Parkhurst's, in Royalton, in the 
State of Vermont, on Tuesday, the fifteenth 
Day of August, 1 786, Proceeded as follow- 
eth [viz.] : 

istly. Voted and chose Capt. Samuel 
Robinson, Moderator. 

2dly. Voted and chose Mr. Stephen 
Fay, Pro. Clerk. 

3dly. Voted and chose Mr. Eben'r 
Waters, Clerk pro tem ; Voted and chose 
Maj'r Calvin Parkhurst, Collector. 

4thly. Voted and chose Dea'n Nehe- 
miah Stone, Treasurer. 

5thly. Voted to establish the former 
Votes of said ProiDrietors (except such as 
refer to the sale of Lands and a former vote 
to Raise Twelve Shillings on each Propri- 
etor's Right, to Defray Charges.) 

6thly. Voted that the Proprietors com- 
plete the Survey of the first Division Lotts 
already begun in said Township ; also to 
lay out a second Division of Lotts in said 
Town to each Proprietor. 

7thly. Voted and chose a Committee of 
five for the above Purpose. 

Sthly. Voted and chose Mr. Eben'r 
Waters their Surveyor and one of the Com- 
mittee, and Capt. Sam'l Robinson, Lieut. 
Jonathan Tucker, Mr. Eben'r Stone and 
Mr. Parla Davis for their Committee. 

gthly. Voted that the above Committee 
be Empowered to Draw the Second Di- 
vision Lots when the survey of the same 
is completed. 



132 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



lothly. Voted for those Proprietors that 
have advanced Money more than their Pro- 
portion of Taxes, Interest until paid. 

iithly. Voted to adjourn this Meeting 
to Thursday, Seventh Day of September 
Next, one o'clock P. M., to the Grand 
Camp in Calais, in the County of Addison, 
in the State of Vermont. 

After the above meeting, the committee 
started for " Grand Camp." I again copy 
from Judge Wheeler's account : 

In August, 1786, Capt. Samuel Robin- 
son, E. Waters, J. Tucker, E. Stone and 
Gen. Parley Davis came from Charlton to 
complete the survey of the first division 
and survey another. This party, after ar- 
riving at the settlement nearest this place, 
which was at Middlesex, laden with pro- 
vision, cooking utensils, blankets, axes, 
surveying instruments, etc., passed a dis- 
tance of 13 or 14 miles to the camp erected 
by the party, who commenced the survey 
three years previous ; often on the way ex- 
pressing their anxiety to arrive, that they 
might regale themselves with the pure 
spirit which had been permitted to slumber 
three years, and which they imagined must 
be much improved in quality by its long 
rest ; but judge of their surprise, astonish- 
ment and chagrin when in raising the 
earth they discovered the hoops liad be- 
come rotten, the staves parted, and the 
long-anticipated beverage had escaped. 
Whatever tears were shed, or groans ut- 
tered, at the burial of the keg, they were 
not to be compared with the bitter agonies 
of its disinterment. 

The party must have soon recovered 
from their disappointment, and proceeded 
to their work with a will, for in less than a 
month from the meeting at Royalton, they 
were on their way homeward, with the 
survey of the first and second divisions 
completed. 

The following record was made of the 
first meeting held in town : 

Sept. 7th, 1786, Grand Camp in Calais, 
the Proprietors met according to adjourn- 
ment. 

istly. Voted to and Drawed the Second 
Division Lots in said Calais. 

2dly. Voted to adjourn this Meeting to 
Wednesday, the thirteenth Day of Sep- 
tember, this Instant Month, at eight o'clock 
P. M., to the house of Mr. Seth Putnam, 
in Middlesex. Eben'r Waters, 

Clerk, Pro teni. 

The two next meetings were held by the 
party while on their homeward journey. 
From the reco'xl of the first of these : 



istly. Voted to give to any Person that 
will erect a Good Grist-Mill and a good 
Saw-Mill within Two years from this date, 
as near the Middle of said Township of 
Calais as he conveniently can, shall have 
one hundred Spanish Milled Dollars and 
one hundred acres of Land in said Town- 
ship. 

2dly. to give to Mrs. Dolley Putnam, 
wife of Mr. Seth Putnam, one hundred 
acres of Land in said Calais, Provided she 
shall Move into said Town before the last 
Day of June next, and continue to Live in 
said Town of Calais Two years at least. 

Adjourned, to meet two days afterward 
at the house of Calvin Parkhurst, in Roy- 
alton. 

The following record shows the party to 
have been early risers ; given for an ex- 
ample : 

September 15th, 1786, the Proprietors 
met, according to the adjournment. 

istly. Voted and chose Lieut. Jonathan 
Tucker, Clerk, Pro tem. 

2dly. Voted to adjourn this meeting 
until to-morrow Morning, at six o'clock, 
to this Place. 

The following day (Saturday) was spent 
in adjusting and allowing accounts for ser- 
vices and money advanced, and providing 
for their payment, and in arranging various 
other matters mostly pertaining to the fi- 
nances of the proprietary. 

The Record closes : 

I5thly. voted to adjourn this meeting 
to the second Tuesday in June next, at 
Nine o'clock A M., to this Place. 

Attest, JoNA. Tucker, 

Clerk Pro tem. 

Previous to the time to which the meet- 
ings in Vermont were adjourned, as above, 
three meetings were held in Charlton, Jan. 
I, 1787, at the house of Capt. Samuel Rob- 
inson, the accounts of the surveying com- 
mittee under consideration. 

Voted to leave it with the Committee's 
generosity whether to abate any of their 
Charges or not. 

Mar. I, 1787, Daniel Streeter, Caleb 
Ammidown, Phinehas Slayton, Sam'l Rob- 
inson and Peter Wheelock chosen a com- 
mittee to agree with Esquire Kollock (who 
had drawn the lot on which the first mill 
was built some 6 years afterwards) to build 
mills on his right, or dispose of it to some 
one who would agree to build. 



CALAIS. 



133 



The last recorded meeting of the pro- 
prietors in Massachusetts was May 21, 
1787, at the house of Salem Town, in 
Charlton, where all previous meetings not 
otherwise noted had been held. Dea. 
Daniel Streeter was chosen agent to act 
for the proprietors, under instructions at 
this time given him, at the meeting to be 
held in Middlesex the next month. 

In accordance with a warrant published 
in the Vermont Gazette of May 21, 1787, a 
meeting was held the 15th of June follow- 
ing, at the house of Seth Putnam, in Mid- 
dlesex, when Jacob Davis, Daniel Streeter 
and Peter Wheelock were chosen to lay 
out and make roads, and a tax of 12s. per 
right voted for that purpose. 

At a meeting held at the house of Col. 
Davis, in Montpelier, in September follow- 
ing, $1 per right was added to the road 
tax, and each proprietor was to have the 
privilege of working out his portion of the 
tax at 5s. per day, " they finding their own 
boarding." 

The following account of settlements 
begun this year is given by Judge Wheeler : 

The settlement was commenced in the 
spring of 1787, by Francis West, from 
Plymouth Co. Mass., who begun felling 
timber in a lot adjoining Montpelier. 

The first permanent settlers, however, 
were Abijah, Asa and Peter Wheelock, 
who started from Charlton, June 5, 1787, 
with awagon, two yoke of oxen, provisions, 
tools, etc., and arrived at Williamstown, 
within 21 miles of Calais, the 19th. 

They had hitherto found the roads al- 
most impassable. Here they were obliged 
to leave their wagon. Taking a few nec- 
essary articles upon a sled, they proceeded 
towards this town, cutting their way and 
building causeways as they passed along. 
After a journey of two days, and encamp- 
ing two nights in the woods, they arrived 
at Col. Jacob Davis' log hut, in Mont- 
pelier, where they left their oxen to graze 
upon the wild grass, leeks and shrubbery 
with which the woods abounded, and pro- 
ceeded to Calais, and opened a resolute 
attack upon the forest. 

They returned to Charlton in October. 
Francis West also left town, and returned 
the following spring, as did also Abijah 
and Peter Wheelock, accompanied by 
Moses Stone. This year they built log 
houses, the Wheelocks and Stone return- 
ing to Massachusetts to spend the follow- 
ing winter, and West to Middlesex. 



In this year, also. Gen. Parley Davis, 
afterward a resident of Montpelier Center, 
cut and put up two or three stacks of hay 
upon a beaver meadow in Montpelier, 
upon a lot adjoining Calais, (now known 
as the Nahum Templeton farm) a part ot 
which hay was drawn to Col. Davis\ in 
Montpelier, in the following winter, which 
served partially to break a road from Mont- 
pelier to Calais line. 

In 1788, two proprietors' meetings were 
held, one June 3, at the house of Col. 
Davis, and Sept. 30, at Peter Wheelock's 
new house, in Calais. At the last meeting 
Peter Wheelock was chosen proprietor's 
clerk, and the meeting adjourned to June 
2, 1 787, at the same place, but as Wheelock 
had not returned from Charlton, the record 
simply shows an adjournment to the i6th 
of June, at the house of Col. Davis, in 
Montpelier, when Moses Stone was chosen 
collector, and the meeting adjourned to 
meet Nov. 10, at his house in Calais. 

In 1790, four proprietors' meetings were 
held at the house of Peter Wheelock. At 
the one June 8, 1791, Dea. Daniel Streeter, 
Samuel Fay, Peter Wheelock, Godard 
Wheelock, Daniel Bacon, Moses Stone, 
James Jennings, Abijah Wheelock, Shubel 
Short, Jesse Slayton, Capt. Samuel Rob- 
inson, Ebenezer Stone, Parley Davis, Col. 
Jacob Davis, Moses Harskell, Francis 
West, presented accounts for work done 
on the highways in town. The whole 
amount allowed was 72^. 

There were recorded present at this 
meeting : 

James Jennings, Samuel Twiss, Shubel 
Short, Asa Wheelock, Francis West, Ed- 
ward Tucker, Abijah Wheelock, Moses 
Harskell, Peter Wheelock. 

June 6, 1792, Col. Jacob Davis, Abijah 
Wheelock and Peter Wheelock were chosen 
a committee to survey the undivided lands, 
and make a 3d division, and Col. Davis 
and Samuel Twiss were given the privilege 
of •' pitching" 400 acres of the undivided 
land, provided they should build and com- 
plete a good saw-mill and a good corn-mill 
within a year. 

From record of a meeting, Oct. 2, 1793 : 

istly. Voted to accept of the Corn-Mill 
& Saw-mill built in Calais, by Col. Jacob 



134 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



Davis and Mr. Sam'I Twiss, they being 
done according to agreement. 

Jan 21, 1794, Joshua Bliss was chosen 
pro treasurer ; at a meeting held Feb. 6, 
1794, 40 rights were represented as fol- 
lows : 

Jacob Davis, 26; James Jennings, i; 
Saml Twiss, 5 ; Sam'l Fay, 3 ; Jedediah 
Fay, I ; Peter Wheelock, 4. 

Voted to accept the survey of the Third 
Division, and establish the Corners as the 
Committee have made them. 

The proprietors' record closes with a 
meeting held June 5, 1794, when the third 
division lots were drawn to the several 
proprietors, by Kelso Gray and Spaulding 
Fearce, appointed for that purpose, and in 
March following the town was organized. 

The first families settling in town came 
in the spring of 1789. Judge Wheeler tells 
the story of their journey as follows : 

In February or March, 1789, Francis 
West moved his family on to his farm, 
where he lived several years. Also, in 
March of this year, Abijah Wheelock, with 
his family, Moses Stone, Samuel Twiss. 
with his new married lady, accompanied 
by Gen. Davis, from Charlton, arrived at 
Col. Davis' house, in Montpelier, with sev- 
eral teams. His house was a mere rude 
hut, constructed of logs 20 feet in length, 
with but one apartment, a back built at 
one end for a fire-place, and covered with 
bark, with a hole left in the roof for the 
smoke to escape ; and this on their arrival 
they found to be preoccupied by several 
families, emigrants from Peterboro, N. H., 
and in that mansion of felicity there dwelt 
for about a fortnight, three families with 
children in each, one man and his wife re- 
cently married, three gentlemen then en- 
joying a state of single blessedness, and a 
young lady ; and among the happy group 
were some of the first settlers of Calais. 

On the 13th of April, racket-paths having 
been previously broken, Messrs Wheelock, 
Twiss and Stone prepared hand-sleds, 
loaded thereon their beds, and some light 
articles of furniture, and accompanied by 
Mrs. Wheelock and Mrs. Twiss, and Gen. 
Davis, proceeded to this town over snow 3 
feet in depth, Mrs. Wheelock traveling the 
whole distance on foot, and carrying in 
her arms an infant 4 months old, while 
their son, about 2 years of age, was drawn 
upon the hand-sled. Mrs. Twiss, the re- 
cently married lady, also performed the 
same journey on foot, making use of her 
broom for a walking-cane. 

During the day, the snow became soft. 



and in crossing a marshy piece of ground, 
Mrs. Twiss slumped with one foot, and 
sank to considerable depth, and was unable 
to arise. Gen. Davis, withal! the gallantry 
of a young woodsman, pawed away the 
snow with his hands, seized her below the 
knee, and extricated her. This incident 
was a source of no small merriment to the 
party generally, of mortification to the 
amiable sufferer, and gratification to Mrs. 
Wheelock, who felt herself secretly piqued 
that Mrs. Twiss did not offer to bear her 
precious burden some part of the distance. 

They arrived in safety the same day, 
and commenced the permanent settlement 
of the town. A large rock, now in the 
orchard on the farm owned by J. W. E. 
Bliss, once formed the end and fire-place 
to the log cabin of the first settlers of 
Calais. 

In 1790, James Jennings arrived with a 
family. In the winter of 1794, Mr. Jen- 
nings, being upwards of 60 years of age, 
lost his life by fatigue and frost, while on 
his return through the woods from Mont- 
pelier to this place. There was not at 
this time a sufficient number of men to 
constitute a jury of inquest. 

The first settlers lived at some distance 
from each other, and it was not uncommon 
for a woman to travel several miles to visit 
a neighbor, and return home after dark 
through the woods, brandishing a fire- 
brand to enable her to discover the marked 
trees. For one or two years the settlers 
brought the grain for their families and 
for seed from Williamstown, Brookfield and 
Royalton, a distance of 30 miles or more. 
After they began to raise grain in town, 
they had to carry it 15 miles to mill. This 
they did in winter, by placing several bags 
of grain upon the neck of an ox, and 
driving his mate before him to beat the 
path. 

Dates, as near as can be determined, 
when some of the first settlers moved their 
families into town : Francis West, Abijah 
Wheelock and Samuel Twiss in the spring 
of 1789 ; Peter Wheelock and Moses Has- 
kell in the fall of that year ; James Jennings 
in 1790 ; Asa Wheelock and David Good- 
ale in 1791 ; Edward Tucker and others in 
1792, and in 1799, considerable additions 
were made to the settlement. 

On Mar. 2, 1795, David Wing, Jr., of 
Montpelier, issued a warrant notifying the 
inhabitants of Calais to meet at the house 
of Peter Wheelock, on the 23d of that 
month, to choose all necessary town officers 
and transact any other necessary business. 



CALAIS. 



135 



At this, the first town meeting, the offi- 
cers chosen were : Joshua Bliss, mod- 
erator ; PeterWheelock, town clerk ; Joshua 
Bliss, Edward Tucker and Jonas Comins, 
selectmen ; Samuel Fay, treasurer ; Jonas 
Comins, collector and constable ; Jedediah 
Fay, Abijah Wheelock and Aaron Bliss, 
listers ; Amos Ginnings, grand juryman ; 
Edward Tucker, Frederick Bliss and God- 
dard Wheelock, surveyors of highways ; 
Amos Ginnings, sealer of leather; Moses 
Haskell, keeper of the pound ; John Grain, 
tithingman ; Aaron Bliss, JanTes Ginnings, 
Samuel Fay and Jennison Wheelock, hay 
wardens; Asa Wheelock, Stephen Fay and 
Abraham Howland, fence viewers ; Jona- 
than Tucker, sealer of weights and meas- 
ures. 

Voted that the place of posting and 
holding freeman's, and other town meet- 
ings, be at the house of Peter Wheelock. 

In September following, Peter Wheelock 
was chosen to the General Assembly. Thos. 
Chittenden received 8 votes for Governor, 
and Isaac Tichenor, 7 votes. For David 
Wing, Jr., for treasurer, and for each of 
the councillors, 17 votes were cast. 

At a town-meeting Sept. 5, 1797, it was 

Voted that the Town petition the Gen- 
eral Assembly of the State at their next 
session to alter the name of this town from 
Calais to Mount Vernon, and that the ex- 
pense of such alteration be paid from the 
town treasury. 

In the same year, a meeting was warned 
for the purpose of electing a Representa- 
tive to Congress, to fill a vacancy occasioned 
by the member-elect refusing to serve. 
The record of the meeting closes as fol- 
lows : "No votes being offered, the 
meeting was dissolved." 

The warning for the town meeting, 
March, 1800, contains: "6th. To see 
what measures the Town will take to keep 
in employ Idle and Indolent persons who 
do not employ themselves," but at the 
meeting the article was " passed over." 

In 1813, what funds had accumulated 
for " support of worship," nearly $40 were 
given to Elder Benjamin Putnam, and in 
18 1 5, the amount then on hand was voted 
to Elder Benjamin Page. At this time 



there had been received on the right 
granted to the first settled minister, $628.34. 
Of this, $284.80 had been appropriated 
for town expenses, and $100 for support of 
schools. 

In March, 181 5, the committee to settle 
with the town treasurer found that 38 
pounds of lead had been lent out of the 
town stock to Samuel Rich, Esq. 

In 18 1 8, it was voted that the selectmen 
provide a house for the poor, and that the 
money arising from lands appropriated to 
the use of first-settled ministers be used for 
town expenses. In 1829, that town officers 
be allowed $1 per day. 

1827, Caleb Curtis was authorized to .sell 
the town military stores, and in 1828, the 
powder on hand was presented to the 
La Fayette Artillery Co. 

In 1836, Alonzo Pearce, Jesse White 
and Lovel Kelton were chosen a committee 
to locate and build a town-house near the 
center of the town, and the freeman's meet- 
ing, held Sept. 5, 1837, was called at the 
center school-house, and adjourned to the 
new town-house, but it was not completed 
at that time, and the first meeting warned 
there was in March, 1839. Previous to 
this, meetings had been held : 

In 1795, and '6, and freeman's meeting 
in '97, at Peter Wheelock's : town meet- 
ings, 1797, 1800, '2 and '4, at Asa Whee- 
lock's ; freeman's meetings, 1798, '9, 1800, 
and town meeting, '99, at Abdiel Bliss's ; 
town meetings, 1801 and '3, and freeman's 
meeting, from 1801 to 1804, at Alpheus 
Bliss's ; all meetings from 1805 to spring of 
1808, at Isaac Kendall's ; from fall of 1808 
to 1817, at Gideon Wheelock's; then at^ 
Center school-house until 1839 ; since 1868, 
at the vestry of the Christian church. 

TOWN OFFICERS. 

CLERKS.-Peter Wheelock, 1795 to 1801 ; 
Gideon Hicks, 1802 to 9, and 18 18 to 47 ; 
Gideon Wheelock, 18 10 to 15 ; Lemuel 
Perry, 18 16, 17; Nelson A. Chase, 1848 to 
64 ; Alonzo Pearce, 1865 ; Marcus Ide, 1866 
to 75 ; Samuel O. Robinson, 1876 to 81. 

[For remainder of tables, see last page.] 

ROADS. 

The first record of the roads in town was 
made Mar. 4, 1799, the names of presen 



136 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MACa2INE. 



owners or occupants being in parenthesis ; 
Beginning at the south line of the town by 
Duncan Young's (Sodom), Capt. Abdiel 
BHss' (A. S. Bliss), Edward Tucker's, 
(W. H. Kelton), Peter Wheelock's (S. S. 
Fuller's) Jedediah Fay's (A. C. Guernsey), 
the mills (S. O. Robinson) Gideon Whee- 
lock's (J. W. Hall) and Levi Wright's, 
(Otis Rickord) to the north line of the 
town. A road leaving the above north of 
Levi Wright's, by Holden Wilbur's (J. Q. 
Haskell) to Amos Jennings' (Mrs. Balen- 
entine). A road from Edward Tucker's 
by Joshua Bliss, 2d, (J. W. E. Bliss) 
David Bliss (A. Sanders), Rufus Green's 
(Lewis Wood), Abijah Wheelock's (B. 
Wheeler), Joel Robinson's (Harvey Ains- 
worth), Thomas Hathaway (C. A. Wat- 
son), to Caleb Curtis' (A. J. Mower). 
From the N. W. corner of Abijah Whee- 
lock's lot (Kent's Corner) , to the first-men- 
tioned road, below the mills (near T. C. 
Holt's). From near Edward Tucker's by 
Winslow Pope's (south of A. D. Sparrow), 
to Ethel Steward's (O. A. Wood). 

From Peter Wheelock's by his saw-mill, 
(on the brook north of Caleb Bliss) by 
Shubel Shortt's (T. LeBarron) and David 
Fuller's (A. P. Slayton) toMontpelierline. 
From Abdiel Bliss' by James Jennings', 
Isaac Kendall's (E. L. Burnap) Abraham 
Howland's (on lot east of Burnap's) , cross- 
ing the East branch, and by Jennison 
Wheelock's (AlfredWheelock's) and David 
Goodell's (S. Bancroft), to Asa Wheelock's 
(Isaac Stanton). From near Isaac Ken- 
dall's to Samuel White's (Kelso Gray). 
From near Isaac Kendall's, southerly by 
^Simeon Slayton's, Jesse Slayton's (Jerra 
Slayton), Oliver Palmer's (Luther Con- 
verse) , Goddard Wheelock's (E. Pray) and 
Elnathan Hathaway's (L. M. Gate) to 
Montpelier line. From Oliver Palmer's to 
Gershom Palmer's (W. P. Slayton). From 
the south line of the town by Stephen 
Fay's (Walter Merritt) Phinehas Davis' 
(J. P. Carnes), Joshua Bliss' (L. Con- 
verse), Elijah White's (G. Holmes), Asa 
Wheelock's, Samuel Fay's (Palmer Paine), 
Amasa Tucker's (Henry Wells) Aaron 
Bliss' (Elias Smith), Noah Bliss' (C. H. 
French), Jonathan Tucker's, (Marcus 



Waite), Jonas Comings' (N. W. Bliss) 
and Noah C. Clark's, to Marshfield line. 
From Jennison Wheelock's by Asahel 
Pearce's (W. Lilley) to Aaron Lamb's. 
From Joshua Lilley's (L. G. Dwinell), to 
Aaron Bliss'. 

This record no doubt describes all the 
roads in town at that time, but some other 
settlements had been made. 

Ebenezer Goodenough was on the farm 
where C. B. Marsh now lives; John Crane 
where Zalmon Pearce lives ; Moses Has- 
kell had been ten years or more on C. S. 
Bennett's farm ; at about the date of this 
record, Zoath Tobey began on C. O. 
Adams' farm ; Elisha Doan on the lot 
north of Harvey Ainsworth's ; Frederic 
Bliss owned the lot where G. B. W. Bliss 
now lives ; Simon Davis the land where 
W. C. Bugbee lives, and Solomon Janes, 
Salem Wheelock and Jonathan Eddy were 
residents, but their location at that time is 
not satisfactorily determined. 

In 1810, II, all the roads in town were 
surveyed, and the record shows the follow- 
ing roads not described above : The west 
county road was surveyed in 1808, and the 
road from it to Sodom was opened pre- 
vious to 1810 ; also from the county road to 
Edward Tucker's. From the county road 
near Thomas Hathaway's, by the center of 
the town, to Aaron Lamb's. From Marsh- 
field line westerly by Aaron Bliss', Zoath 
Tobey's (Dr. Asa George) Lilley's Mills 
(Moscow), Artemas Foster's (M. C. Ken- 
iston), Phinehas Goodenough's (O. W. 
White), to the road near Amos Jennings', 
(Mrs. Balentine). 

From Lilley's Mills by Emerson's, to 
Woodbury line. From Woodbury line by 
E. Goodenough's, to Jonathan Tucker's. 
From the center of the town, through 
Pekin, and by where A. N. Chapin and 
W. C. Bugbee now live, to John R. Dens- 
more's (J. P. Carnes). From near Oliver 
Palmer's, southerly by Moses Haskell, to 
the south line of the town. 

In 1809, Reuben D. Waters bought the 
lot on which Andrew Haskell lives, and 
soon after a road was laid from the mills 
near the center to his house, and in 18 14, 
this road was extended northerly to Wood- 



CALAIS. 



n7 



bury line. The road from near Harrison 
Bancroft's, and by W. V. Peck's to the 
East branch was surveyed in 1814. The 
center county road in 18 15, and the road 
from Woodbury line to Moscow in 1821 ; 
from Maple Corner to Worcester in 1825. 

The first action of the town in regard to 
schools, was in March, 1796. "Voted to 
raise two pence on the pound on the 
Grand List of 1796, for schools," and the 
selectmen divided the town into the East 
and West school districts. 

In 1798, what is now No. 4 and the east- 
erly half of No. 13, was made the South- 
east district, what is now No. 2 was named 
the East district, and the remainder of the 
former East district was styled the North- 
east district. Ebenezer Goodenough was 
chosen trustee of the last-named district, 
and Oliver Palmer of the South-east. 

School trustees chosen in 1800 were: 
Abijah Wheelock, West district ; Joshua 
Lilley, east district; Doct. Samuel Dan- 
forth. South-east district ; Noah C. Clark, 
North-east district ; scholars in West dis- 
trict between 4 and 18, 96; in S. E. dis- 
trict, 27. 

In 1802, the North and Center districts 
were set off; trustees, Abijah Wheelock, 
West district ; Joshua Lilley, East dis- 
trict ; Oliver Palmer, South-east district ; 
Jonas Comins, North-east district; Levi 
Wright, Center district. 

In 1805, scholars reported between 4 
and 18 years of age, 207; of whom 100 
were in the West district, and the next 
March the North-west district was set off; 
1808, the South-west district was formed. 
In 1812, the town voted " to pay the school 
tax for the year ensuing in good corn, rye 
or wheat." This is the first year that we 
find a complete record of the families in 
town having children between 4 and 18 
years of age, 100 having 329 children; 16 
of these, i each; 25, 2 each; 18, 3 each; 
14, 4 each ; 14, 5 each ; 10, 6 each ; Jason 
Marsh, 7 ; Isaac Wells and Frederic Bliss, 
8 each. 

In 1 818, the South district was estab- 
lished, and in 1825 the Blanchard dis- 
trict, and March, 1826, the districts were 
numbered : West district, No. i ; East, 

18 



No. 2 ; Center, No. 3 ; South-east, No. 4 ; 
North-west, No. 5; North-east, No. 6; 
South-west, No. 7 ; North, No. 8 ; South, 
No. 9; Blanchard, No. 10; at the same 
time Nos. 11 and 12 were established; 
nearly the same territory as now. 

In 1828, Shubael Wheeler, Asa George 
and E. C. McLoud were chosen a com- 
mittee to examine teachers and visit schools . 
In 1829, district No. 13 was established; 
in 1832, No. 14. 

THE SLAYTON FAMILY. 

[From Genealogical and Biographical Sketch of the 
Slaylon Family, 1879.] 

Phineas Slayton, son of Thomas, and 
grandson of Capt. Thomas, from England, 
b. in Barre, Mass., 1736, m. Jane Gray, 
1761. He was an officer in the Revolu- 
tionary war, and a magistrate of his town ; 
children, Jesse, Simeon, Elijah, Abigail, 
Eleanor, Hannah, Elisha ; moved to Mont- 
pelier about 1790, settled on a farm near 
the Calais line. He was called by his de- 
scendants and neighbors ' ' Long Stocking," 
because he wore short velvet breeches, 
with long stockings and silver knee-buckles. 
His quaint old English style of dress will 
be remembered by many of the older res- 
idents of Washington County. 

Jesse Slayton, b. Barre, Mass., 1764; 
m. Betsy Bucklin ; children, Bucklin, Jesse, 
Phineas, Darius, Lucy, Betsy, Eleanor, 
Mahala, Aseanath. He moved to Calais 
about 1790, and built a house and cleared 
the farm where Jerra Slayton now lives. 
Many, if not all, of the children were born 
in Brookiield, and moved to Vermont with 
their parents, and all settled in Calais or 
vicinity, and most of them reared large 
families of children. Moving into the set- 
tlement before the town was organized, 
their father, Jesse Slayton, was one of the 
original 25 who voted on the organization 
of the town, and a revolutionary soldier. 

Bucklin Slayton, son of Jesse, b. in 
Brookfield, Mass., 1783; moved to Calais 
with his father; m. 1804, Sally Willis, b. 
in Hardwick, Mass. ; dau. of Edward Willis 
and Nancy Fuller, of Bridge water, Mass., 
who were among the early settlers of 
Calais; children, Harriet, Dulcenia J., 



138 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



Orrin B., AroP., Sarah, George J., Fanny 
and Hiram K. Slayton. 

He was a master carpenter, and planned 
and set out many of the frame dwelling- 
houses and stores of Montpelierand Calais. 
He was the first man, according to common 
report, who set out buildings by square 
rule ; previous to that time buildings had 
been built by scribe rule. Whether he 
was the originator of the square rule or 
not, is not known beyond a doubt by the 
writer ; but it would seem there were few, 
if any, who set out by square rule at that 
time, for in 1827 and '29, he was sent for 
to set out the factories at Nashua, N. H., 
and when asked how long a building he 
could set out, he said if they would fur- 
nish the lumber, he could set out a build- 
ing that would reach from Nashua to 
Boston. In the war of 1812-14, Bucklin, 
Jesse, Phineas and Darius all enlisted in 
the company from Calais and Montpelier, 
raised and commanded by Capt. Gideon 
Wheelock, to meet the British at Pitts- 
burgh. 

Orrin B., his son, m. Dulcena Andrews ; 
children, Joseph, Austin C. Aro P. Jr., 
Rufus, Amanda, Amelia and Alfred. 

Austin C. Slayton, son of Orrin B., 
enlisted in the 3d Vt. Regt., and served 4 
years in the war of the Rebellion in the 
army of the Potomac. He was a good 
soldier and in a great many battles. His 
regiment belonged to that famous Vermont 
brigade called the "Old Iron Brigade," 
whose valor reflected imperishable honor 
on the State which furnished the men, and 
on the nation whose life they fought to 
maintain. He is now living in Chicago. 

RuFus Slayton, brother of Austin C, 
enlisted in the 7th Vt. Regt., served faith- 
fully, and died from sickness, occasioned 
by his service in the army, soon after 
reaching his home. Aro and Alfred still 
live in Montpelier, and Joseph in Calais. 

Aro p. Slayton, son of Bucklin, en- 
listed in the war of the Rebellion, was 
elected ist lieut. of Co. H. 13th Regt. V. 
Vols. This company was composed largely 
of citizens of Calais. He was in the battle 
of Gettysburg, and in command of his 
company through that battle, and was pro- 



moted to the captaincy of that company. 
He represented Elmore in the Legislature. 
He married Lucy White, by whom he had 
seven children : Florence, Katie, Frank, 
Herbert, Lucy, Calvin and Orrin. He and 
his family now live in Elmore. 

Geo. J., bro. of Aro P., m. Fanny An- 
drews ; children, Willis, Marinda, Cortez, 
Henry, Fremont and Melvina. He and 
some of his children are living in Morris- 
ville. 

Hon. Hiram K. Slayton, son of Buck- 
lin, b. in Calais, 1825, m. Eliza A. Mitch- 
ell, of Manchester, N. H., 1850; have one 
son, Edward M. Slayton. He was ed- 
ucated at the common schools and Mont- 
pelier Academy, taught school 2 winters; 
at 18 years entered as a clerk in a counting- 
room on India street, Boston, for three 
years ; returned to Calais and opened a 
country variety store ; also bought country 
produce ; was appointed a delegate from 
Vermont to the first Republican National 
Convention at Philadelphia, in 1856, and 
alternate delegate in i860; was elected a 
representative from his native town in 1858 
and "59; moved to Manchester, N. H., in 
1863; went to Cuba in the fall of '63; 
thence to New Orleans ; wholesaled dry 
goods through tl^e winter ; returned to 
Manchester the spring of '64 ; commenced 
and built up a large wholesale and produce 
and provision business ; was elected from 
Ward Three a representative to the New 
Hampshire Legislature in 187 1 ; re-elected 
in '72 ; spring of '73 he gave up his mer- 
cantile business to his son, visited Eng- 
land, Scotland, and passed the summer in 
Antwerp, Brussels, Cologne, Berlin, Dres- 
den, etc. ; at the World's Fair in Vienna, 
at Augsburg, Basle, Paris, etc. ; in 1876, 
was elected a member of the constitutional 
convention to revise and amend the con- 
stitution of the State ; in ^'j'] , a senator to 
represent the city of Manchester in the 
New Hampshire Senate ; re-elected in '78, 
and he is more widely known throughout 
the country for his efforts in favor of specie 
payments and able financial articles, orig- 
inating the maxim, viz.: "The nation 
which has the most valuable legal tender 
dollar, (other things being equal), will 



CALAIS. 



139 



outrun in wealth and prosperity the nation 
whose dollar buys less, as sure as death 
follows existence"; is the author of the 
resolutions in favor of specie payments 
which passed the New Hampshire and Ver- 
mont Legislatures, and the resolution 
passed by the Vermont Legislature in the 
fall of '78 in relation to the Bland silver 
bill. His efforts in favor of resumption, 
an honest dollar and honest payment of 
debts were continuous for many years. 
His articles on finance are widely copied 
by the public press of the country, and 
their soundness is endorsed by such lead- 
ing financial thinkers and writers asAmasa 
Walker, David A. Wells, B. F. Nourse, 
Abram S. Hewitt, Jas. A. Garfield and 
others. 

Edward M. Slayton, son of Hiram R., 
b. in Calais, 185 1; m. Jennie Hovey, of 
Rockland, Me., 1874; has one daughter, 
Olive May ; sons, Hovey Edward and H. K. 
Slayton, Jr. ; now living in Manchester, 
N. H., wholesale produce and provision 
merchant. 

Darius Slayton, son of Jesse, had 2 
sons, Henry and Edson, and 2 daughters. 
He is a good citizen, and still lives on his 
old homestead farm in Calais. His son 
Edson has reared a large family of chil- 
dren, and is a respected citizen of Wolcott. 

Otis Slayton married a daughter of 
Wm. Peck, has no children, and lives in 
Calais. 

SILAS HATHAWAY AND FAMILY. 

Among the few familiar names intimately 
connected with the early history and set- 
tlement of Calais, are found those of Silas 
Hathaway and his sons, Elnathan, Thomas 
and Asa. Cotemporaries of the Whee- 
locks, the Blisses, Slaytons, Fays and 
Tuckers, they shared their full measure the 
hardships incident to a new settlement. 

Silas Hathaway, son of Elnathan, 
(who died at New Bedford, aged 90) was 
born in New Bedford, Mass., July 3, 1742. 
Silas married Mary Griffeth, of Rochester, 
Mass. ; of their 9 children, all born at New 
Bedford, 6 married and raised families : 
Elnathan, Esther, Thomas, Eleanor, Asa, 
Sarah, West, in order of age. • Mr, Hath- 



away emigated to Calais in 1796, whither 
some of his family had already preceded 
him. He resided for many years on the- 
farm now (1879) owned and occupied by 
Caleb Bliss, his residence being near the 
old cemetery on that farm. He died June 
I, 1812. 

Elnathan, son of Silas, born Feb. 3, 
1770, came to Vermont earlier than any 
others of his family, the exact date un- 
known ; but certain it is that he came sev- 
eral years prior to his father's coming. He 
married ist, Rhoda Tabor, of Mass. ; 2d, 
Esther (Buel) Bassett, of E. Montpelier ; 
3d, Jane Burchard, of Starksboro ; chil- 
dren by 1st wife, 3 — but one. Alma, grew 
up — by 2d wife, 6; three, Rhoda, Alden, 
Martha, attained majority. 

Elnathan was a farmer and blacksmith, 
and resided on the farm now (1879) of 
Lemuel Cate. He was for many years a 
prominent member of the society of 
Friends, who had a church in E. Mont- 
pelier, and were quite numerous in that 
and neighboring towns. His parents re- 
sided with him in their decline of life. He 
died Jan. 1835. Of his descendants, none 
in town. His daughter Alma m. James 
Lebaron, and lived many years in Calais, 
but removed some years since to Mass., 
where she died, Dec. 1872, leaving two 
daughters. His daughter Rhoda m. Alonzo 
Redway, and lives in East Montpelier. 
His son, Alden, m. Louisa, dau. of Wil- 
liam Templeton, of E. Montpelier, where 
he died Jan. 1843, age, 47. 

Esther, dau. of Silas, b. Sept. 1771, 
m. Smith Stevens, son of Prince Stevens, 
of E. Montpelier, and lived there in the 
decline of life with James Bennett, who m. 
Rhoda Stevens, a daughter. But two of 
this family living, Catherine and Smith 
Stevens, Jr., of E. Montpelier. 

Thomas, son of Silas, born Aug. 1773 ; 
m. 1st, to Susannah Coombs, of Roches- 
ter, Mass., Jan. 1797; 2d, toPhilanaPray, 
of Calais, (from Oxford, Mass.) Sept. 1845. 
He came with his family from Rochester, 
Mass., to Calais in 1799, locating on the 
farm where he resided till his death. He 
first came to Calais in March, 1794, and 
cut the. first tree on his land June i, 1795. 



140 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



He returned to Massachusetts in the fall, 
and came back in the spring, for several 
years before he moved his family on. He 
had lo children ; 8 married : Susan, Caleb 
Coombs, Loam, Earl, Sorton, Almeda, 
Lora, and Philander ; Loam, Almeda and 
Lora only survive. Thomas lived in de- 
cline of life upon the old homestead with 
his son Lorton, dying Apr. 1856. Of his 
children, Susan, b. in 1800, m. Calvin 
Foster, of Moretown ; died there July, 
1874; no descendants; Caleb Coombs, b. 
1801, m. Polly Ainsworth, of Calais. He 
died in N. Montpelier, where he had resided 
many years, Dec. 1878. He was a farmer ; 
had 6 children. The widow and two 
daughters alone remain of his family. 

Loam, son of Thomas, b. 1803, a farmer, 
m. Catherine H., daughter of Lyman Dag- 
gett, a farmer of Calais, from Charlton, 
Mass. He removed to Hardwick in 1866 ; 
resides at the South Village ; 4 children in 
this family. Lyman Daggett, the oldest 
son, is a lawyer at Hardwick ; Fernando 
Cortez, the youngest, graduated at Dart- 
mouth in 1868; was principal of Valley 
Seminary, N. H., Hardwick Academy, 
and People's Academy, Morrisville. He 
attained a high reputation as a teacher, 
but broke down from over-work, dying 
July 6, 1873. He was a member of the 
State Board of Education at his death. 

Earl, son of Thomas, b. 1806, m. ist, 
to Nancy, daughter <jf Gaius Allen, of 
Calais, (formerly of Maine) ; 2d, to Sarah 
Ann Stewart, dau. of David Stewart, of 
Duxbury. His farm was near his father's 
old homestead, in Calais. He died Feb. 
1 861. He had but one son, Mahlon S., 
with whom his mother resides. He was b. 
1844, m. Stella C. Shedd, of Hardwick, b. 
1851. He follows the same occupation as 
his father, varying it for some years past 
by school-teaching for a portion of the 
year. He has also filled positions of re- 
sponsibility and trust in town aiTairs with 
much acceptance. 

Lorton, b. Aug. 1808, m. Hannah N., 
dau. of Jonathan Hamblet, of Worcester, 
Vt. ; he resided through life on the old 
homestead of his father, in Calais ; died, 
1858. His children were Mary Jqne and 



Julia Emma. Mary J. m. Carlos Jacobs; 
resides in Calais. Julia E. m. Charles 
Watson ; resides upon the old Hathaway 
homestead. His widow m. Jonas G. Orms- 
bee ; resides at North Calais. 

Almeda, dau. of Thomas, b. 1810, m. 
Martin W. Hamblet, who died 1869. She 
resides with her only son at Middlesex. 
Lora, son of Thomas, b. July, 1812, m. 
Judith Cilley, of Worcester ; is a farmer in 
Woodbury; has 2 sons, 2 daughters. 

Philander, son of Thomas, b. 18 16, m. 
Nancy E. Coats, of Windsor. He was a 
mason by trade ; died in Windsor, 1857; 
left a widow and two children ; all reside 
in Boston. His widow m. John C. Hutch- 
inson, of Windsor, 'a blacksmith and gla- 
zier. 

Asa, son of Silas, b. Dec. 1777, came to 
Calais with his father in 1796; m. Mary, 
dau. of John Peck, of E. Montpelier, (from 
Royalston, Mass.) He resided the re- 
mainder of his life here for the most part 
on farms in the south part of the town, 
now (1879) occupied by E. H. Slayton 
and H. H. McLoud, where he died in 
1830. He was a farmer and blacksmith ; 
raised 7 children ; 6 married ; 5 are living : 
Tilmus, Elnathan, Hiram, Stillman, and 
Asa Peck. 

Tilmus, b. 1805, m. Lois K., dau. of 
Enoch Blake, of Cabot ; resided till re- 
cently on his father's old farm ; now at 
E. Cabot; has two sons, Asa Sprague and 
Clarence Lockwood. Asa has for some 
years past been engaged in mercantile pur- 
suits in Boston, Ma.ss. 

Clarence is a graduate of Norwich Uni- 
versity, Northfield, Vt. ; studied theology 
with Rev. Dr. Hepworth, then of Boston ; 
visited the Argentine Republic, South 
America, as an attachee of Prof. Gould's 
scientific expedition ; after his return, 
studied medicine, and established himself 
in practice in Boston, where he now re- 
sides. 

Elnathan, son of Asa, b. 1808, m. Dul- 
cenia, dau. of Bucklin Slayton, of Calais; 
is a farmer ; resides near the old home- 
stead of his father. 

Hiram, son of Asa, b. 1811, m. ist, 
Ruth H. Johnson; 2d, Esther Ann Pren- 



CALAIS. 



i4i 



tiss, both of Moretown ; children, 5 by ist 
and one by 2d man-iage, of whom Chas. 
Johnson, Edna Ruth, Asa Peck and Frank 
Luce are now living. The two oldest sons, 
married, farmers, :eside near their father; 
the youngest with ; the daughter married 
Henry A. Slayton, a merchant of Morris- 
ville. Hiram, farmer, resides in Moretown 
village ; has long been a prominent citizen 
of that town, and leading member of the 
Methodist church. 

Stillman, son of Asa, b. 1813, m. Ca- 
lista D. Harrington, of Bennington ; has 
resided in Boston, Philadelphia, Pt. Kent, 
Bennington, Wisconsin, etc. He was a 
photographer ; now a farmer in Highland, 
Minn. He has 2 daughters, i son ; all of 
Minnesota. 

Asa Peck, son of Asa, b. 1817, m. ist, 
Sarah Carlton, of Dorchester, Mass. ; 2d, 
Ann Maria Hilton, dau. of John Hilton, 
Esq., of Lynn, Mass. ; residence, Boston 
and Lynn, Mass. ; a wholesale and com- 
mission dealer in grain, flour and pro- 
visions, senior member of the firm of Hath- 
away & Woods, 24 Commerce and iii So. 
Market st., Boston. He went to Boston 
in 1836, and has resided there ever since, 
except 2 years spent at Huntsville, Ala. 
He is classed financially with the solid, 
and is certainly among the heavy men of 
Boston. 

Lyman Daggett, son of David, (an of- 
ficer of the Revolutionary war, dying in 
that service at Oxford, Mass., 1777) came 
as a member of his uncle, Peter Wheelock's 
family, with them to Calais, Sept. 1789, at 
the age of 14. He was a farmer ; lived before 
married on the farm now of his grandson, 
Willard C. Bugbee, son of Chester Bug- 
bee, with whom he lived in the decline of 
life ; where he died, Apr. 1871. He m. 
Sarah W., youngest daughter of Silas 
Hathaway ; b. Feb. 1785; d. Aug. 1872 ; 
children, 3 ; 2 attained maturity : Cath- 
erine H. who m. Loam Hathaway (noticed) , 
Clarissa Amanda, widow of the late Chester 
Bugbee, of Calais, residing with her son 
upon the old homestead, cleared of the 
primitive forest by her father. Only two 
bearing the family name are now (1881) 
counted among our citizens : Elnathan, 



son of Asa, and Mahlon S., son of Earl 
Hathaway, the former standing upon the 
edge of the dark valley, wearing the snows 
of three score years and ten ; the latter, 
but just passed the threshold of active 
business life. Beside these, there remain 
in town the descendants of Lorton Hath- 
away and Chester Bugbee, who can claim 
direct lineage from Silas Hathaway. 

Charles Dugar, born in France, came 
to Nova Scotia with his father's family, 
and when about 12 years of age, to Charl- 
ton, Mass. 

Gload, son of Charles, born in Charl- 
ton, 1775, married Sarah Dunton, of Stur- 
bridge, Mass., and removed to Calais in 
June, 1809. He settled first near where 
Allen Morse now lives, then where John 
Sabin now is, and afterwards on land now 
owned by his son Abner, the only one of 
his 1 1 children now living in this vicinity. 

ABNER,'son of Gload, was born 1805, in 
Charlton ; when about 5 years old, an ac- 
cident rendered him totally blind, and his 
career has been remarkable for one placed 
in the circumstances he was. His father 
was poor, and he was early thrown upon 
his own resources, but natural intelligence 
and energy have in great measure com- 
pensated for his loss of sight. He attend- 
ed school, and made considerable progress 
by hearing the recitations of other schol- 
ars, and engaged in nearly all the sports 
and labors of boyhood, taking long tramps 
in the woods in fishing and trapping. 

He began business for himself by ped- 
dling small articles from house to house, 
and when about 21, having accumulated a 
little capital, bought a farm, and married 
Hannah Jacobs, of Montpelier. Since 
that time he has made farming his bus- 
iness, and with more than average success. 
He has reared a family of 6 children, and 
given them as good advantages as are en- 
joyed by the average of farmers' families, 
and now owns a good farm, part in this 
town and part in Worcester. He per- 
forms nearly all kinds of farm labor, and 
upon a recent visit, was found going about 
his barns caring for the stock. He is a 
good judge of cattle, even distinguishing 



142 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



their different colors by some unaccounted 
for sense. 

Near his house when a boy was a saw- 
mill ; this he clambered over until he be- 
came so fa.niliar with it, that he has during 
the leisure hours of his busy life made two 
models of it, complete in all their details. 

While clearing his farm, he made a con- 
siderable business of burning charcoal, 
and one winter drew 900 bushels to Mont- 
pelier, some 10 miles, with a pair of two- 
years-old steers. 

He once engaged of a neighbor one of a 
lot of young pigs. One among them was 
of slightly better form than the others, 
and this the neighbor intended to keep 
himself. But when Dugar came, he could 
not quite refuse a blind man his choice ; so 
Dugar entered the pen, and after careful 
examination, came out with the identical 
pig the other had selected. 

PALMER FAMILY. 

Oliver Palmer married, Dec. 1786, 
Asenath Barnes ; removed from Wood- 
stock to Calais in 1796; lived some 20 
years on the farm now owned by Luther 
Converse, and returned to Woodstock. 
While in Calais, he held the offices of town 
treasurer, selectman and lister. His chil- 
dren were : Orpha, b. 1789, m. 1808, An- 
drew Nealey ; lived some years on the farm 
now owned by George Chase ; Millie, Har- 
riet, Alden, 1795, a mill-wright, married, 
lived in Calais^ Montpelier and elsewhere ; 
Walter, b. 1805 ; Laura, 18 10. 

Gersham Palmer, younger brother of 
Oliver, married Mercy Bennett in Wood- 
stock, probably about the time of his re- 
moval to Calais in 1797 ; lived on the farm 
north of' his brother Oliver ; was prom- 
inent in town business ; moderator in town 
meeting 6 years, selectman 8 years ; lister 
2 years ; was the fourth representative from 
Calais; served 7 years; in 18 10, judge of 
probate in what was then Caledonia Co. ; 
2d justice in town ; served 12 years, and 
by act of the Legislature, Nov. i, 1810, 
was made one of a committee of three to 
locate and build county buildings in the 
new County of Jefferson, now Washing- 
ton. 



He died Oct. 11, aged y] years. His 
children, all born in Calais, were Hannaii 
W., b. 1798, m. 1827, Alvah Elmore, lived 
on the Col. Curtis farm, where she died, 
Aug. 1843; Rispah, b. 1800, m. in Wood- 
stock, 1820, Eben Cox, son of Daniel and 
Celia (Darling), born Jan. i, 1796. They 
came to Calais in 1827, and began on the 
farm where he died, Nov. 1877. Only one 
of their family of 9 daughters resides in 
Calais: Aurelia M., b. Oct. 14, 1829, m. 
Mar. 28, 1855, Elbridge H. Stickney. 

Mercy, dau. of Gersham, wasb. in 1802 ; 
Lucia D., in 1803. 

Bennett, son of Gersham, b. Nov. lo, 
1805, was ordained to the ministry in the 
Church of Christian Brethren, Calais, Aug. 
29, 1830 ; married Valina Snow, of Pomfret, 
and went to New Hampshire to live, and 
while there was a member of tlie N. H. 
Legislature. He returned to Calais in 
1845, where he remained till his death. 
May 12, 1 85 1. Children of Bennett and 
Valina Palmer : Lucia Ellen and Sarah 
Snow, b. in Washington, N. H., 1835, 
'37; Gersham Bela, b. in Marlow, N. H., 
1840 ; Charles Bennett, b. in Springfield, 
N. H., 1844; Redora Valina, b. in Calais, 
Aug. 26, 1847. 

Dulcenia, dau. of Gersham, was born 
1808; Fanny, 18 10; Mercy, Lucia, Dul- 
cenia and Fanny are married, and reside in 
Woodstock. 

DAVID GOODELL 

settled on what is now known as the 
Smilie Bancroft farm, about 1791. He 
died Feb. i, 1808, and his wife, Martha, 
Aug. 29, 1809. Their children : Pamelia, 
b. 1787, m. Asaph King; Polly, b. 1789, 
deceased ; John, b, 1792 ; Orange, b. 1795, 
deceased ; Tamar, b. 1801, m. Jason Chase. 
John Goodell, son of David, m. 1818, 
Lucy, dau. of Elijah White ; settled in 
Cabot; in 1825, returned to Calais, where 
he resided until his death, July, i860; 
children, Diana, b. 1824, m. Alvin Chapin ; 
Matilda, b. 1827, m. Alonzo Taylor; re- 
sides in New York City; Sidney, b. 1830, 
m. Elizabeth Darling, of Meriden, Mass. ; 
resides in Milford, Mass. ; Lucy, b. 1840, 
m. 1857, Alonzo, sonof Shepherd Wheeler ; 
their dau. Flora, born Dec. 1862. 



CALAIS. 



U3 



BARNABAS DOTV. 



Barnabas Dotv, Jr., b. in Rochester, 
Apr. 30, 1 77 1, 2d son of Capt. Barnabas, 
went to Montpelier in the spring of 1789, 
with his brother Edmund, where they 
built, under tiie direction of Col. Larned 
Lamb, the first framed-house in that town, 
for Col. Jacob Davis. He worked as a 
houseivright there each summer, returning 
to R. in the winter, till 1792 ; m. in Roch- 
ester, Mass., Jan. 19, 1793, Thankful, dau. 
of David and Sarah (Parker) Wing, b. 
July 2, 1769, and settled in Montpelier the 
following spring. He was commissioned 
ensign of Washington Artillery by Gov. 
Jonas Galusha, 181 1, and captain 3 years 
later, by Gov. Martin Chittenden. He 
rode post some years from Montpelier to 
Hardwick, 20 miles, to which latter place 
he removed, and carried on the business 
of a blacksmith, saddler, watchmaker and 
merchant, doing most of the magistrate's 
busine.ss in town; was postmaster 1821-5, 
until having buried his son, Horatio Gates, 
1827, and his wife, 1 831, he went to live in 
Georgeville, C. E., thenin Irasburgh, Vt., 
and spent the last 16 years of his life in 
Calais, where he died Dec. 1864, aged 93 ; 
was buried in Hardwick. [Philo Club, p. 

39]- 

Copy of a letter presented Silas Ketchum 
by A. S. Bliss: 

Montpelier, Mar. 30, 1814. 

To Silas Williams, Esq., Maj. Steven 
Pitkin, Mr. Elihu Coburn, Maj. Joel 
Walker, William Mattocks, Esq., Alpha 
Warner, Esq., Elnathan Strong, Esq., 
Ralph Parker, Esq., Wm. Baxter, Esq. 
and Wm. Howe, Esq : 

Gentletiien: — The bearer, Mr. Barnabas 
Doty, a man of integrity and faithfulness, 
has undertaken to carry the mail and dis- 
tribute papers, on the route formerly rode 
by Mr. Henry Dewey, and from our ac- 
quaintance with him, we are persuaded he 
will give as good and as general satisfac- 
tion as did Mr. Dewey. As he is a stranger, 
your influence in his behalf in encouraging 
his business, may be of considerable ben- 
efit to him. Yours with much respect, 
Walton & Goss. 

He made first trip, date of above letter. 
The route book also presented with above 
letter, shows the route to lay from Mont- 
pelier through Calais, Plainfield, Marsh- 



field, Cabot, Peacham, Danville, Wal- 
den, Hardwick, Greensboro, Glover, Iras- 
burgh, Salem, Derby and Dunkensbor- 
ough. [Philo. Club]. 

ELIJAH WHITE 

came from Charlton, Mass., to Calais in 
the summer of 1797, and began chopping 
in the east lot now owned by Lewis Ban- 
croft, but abandoned it, and the next sum- 
mer began on the lot in the south-easterly 
part of the town, where he resided until 
his death, 1832. In Feb. 1797, he brought 
his newly-married wife, Ruth Needham, to 
Calais. She died about 1847; children, 
all born in Calais: Lucy, b. 1800, m. 
John, son of David- Goodell ; Adams, b. 
1802; Larnard, 1805; Ruth, 1813, m. 
1835, Amasa Hall; settled in Marshfield. 

Adams, m. 1825, Alfreda Bryant; lived 
in Calais and Woodbury; died, 1873; his 
wife in 1877; both in Woodbury; chil- 
dren, Florilla, Clarissa, Elijah, Ruth and 
George. Larnard m. 1828, Roxana, dau. 
of Nathan Kelton ; lived in the S. E. part 
of the town; deceased. 

FIRST MEETING-HOUSE SOCIETY. 

In August, 1823, a call was issued, 
signed by Caleb Curtis, Medad Wright and 
Nathan Bancroft, asking all interested in 
building a meeting-house in Calais, to 
meet at the house of Medad Wright on 
the i8th of that month. 

At this meeting, the above society was 
organized, by-laws adopted, and the fol- 
lowing officers elected : Caleb Curtis, 
moderator; William Dana, clerk, and 
Joshua Bliss, treasurer. Caleb Curtis, 
Isaac Davis, Alpheus Bliss, Medad Wright 
and Joel Robinson, committee to select a 
plan and agree with Caleb Bliss for land 
on which to set the house. 

On the 30th of the same month, a meet- 
ing was held and the committee reported 
they had agreed upon a building lot and 
drawn a plan "40 by 42 feet, 40 pews on 
the lower floor, 5 feet by 6, and 18 above 
of the same bigness." The report was 
accepted. It was decided to put up the 
frame the ensuing fall, but to be 3 years 
completing the house ; also " that payment 
for pews be made in three equal instalments, 



144 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



payable one-half in neat cattle, the other 
moiety in grain, the first payment of stock 
in one year from the first day of October 
next,, and the grain part in one year from 
January next, and so annually." Chose 
Col. Caleb Curtis, Dea. Joshua Bliss, and 
Mr. Joel Robinson a committee to super- 
intend the building of the house, and 
" Capt. Remember Kent, Capt. Isaac Da- 
vis and Mr. Joseph Brown, a committee, 
to examine the work whether it be well 
done." 

Following the record of the above meet- 
ing are the names of members of the 
society, as follows : Caleb Curtis, Isaac 
Davis, Alpheus Bliss, Joshua Bliss, 2d., 
Medad Wright, William Dana, Vial Allen, 
Pliny Curtis, Joel Robinson, Jabez Mower, 
Linnus Richards, Isaac Robinson, William 
Robinson, Welcome Wheelock, Oliver 
Sheple, Benjamin Page, Gaius Allen, 
Curtis Mower, Ira Brown, Joseph Brown, 
Daniel Harris, Caleb Bliss, Remember 
Kent, Shubael Shortt, Thomas Hathaway, 
Ephraim Pray, John Robinson, Joshua 
Bliss, 3d., Joshua Bliss, 4th, Gload Dugar, 
Dwight Marsh, Charles Clark, Amasa Mc- 
Knight, Hosea Brown, Weston Wheeler, 
Mason Wheeler, Nathan Bancroft, Loam 
Hathaway, James Morse, Ira Kent, Brad- 
ley Webber, Abdiel Kent, Ezekiel Kent, 
Hiram Robinson, J. V. R. Kent, Joshua 
M. Dana, Abdiel Bliss, Kendall T. Davis, 
Jesse White, Joseph W. E. Bliss, Samuel 
O. Robinson, Moses Clark. 

Some of the last names on the list have 
become owners since the building of the 
house. 

The frame of the house was prepared 
and raised about the middle of October, 
1823, under the direction of Lovell Kelton, 
Esq. As first framed there was a projec- 
tion in front, supporting the steeple, but 
subsequently the corners were filled out 
leaving the building in its present shape. 
During the two next summers, 1824 and '5 
the house was completed, under the direc- 
tion of Mr. Griffin of Hardwick, Vt. In 
Nov., 1825, a meeting was held and the 
house accepted, at a cost of $2005, and 
the society was found to be indebted to 
the building committee some $460. Prob- 



ably about the last of Nov., 1825, the 
hou.se was dedicated, the dedicatory ser- 
mon by Rev. Mr. Bartlett of Hartland. 
Six religious societies were represented in 
the ownership of the house and its use was 
apportioned among them according to the 
interest owned by each. The first appor- 
tionment on record is that for 1828 : Bap- 
tists, 10 Sabbaths; Universalists, 20; 
Congregationalists, 9 ; Christians, 6 ; Free 
Will Baptists, 4; Methodists 3, and there 
is no change on record, of this division of 
the time, until 1848, when it was Univer- 
salists, 32 ; Congregationalists, 7 ; Meth- 
odists, 5; Baptists, 4; Christians, 4. 
There is no further record. There was no 
stove in the house until 1831, though used 
almost every Sabbath summer and winter. 
William Dana was clerk of the society 
from its organization until 1834. Welcome 
Wheelock from 1834 to "65, and J. V. R. 
Kent since. The house has been little 
used for some years past, but the pride of 
the present generation has induced them 
to keep in repair the work of their fathers, 
though their religious zeal has not been 
sufficient to use it for the purpose for which 
it was designed. 

THE CHRISTIAN DENOMINATION. 

BY SILAS WHKELOCK, 1870. 

The first Christian church was organized 
in Calais, Dec. 2, 1810, by Elder Reuben 
Dodge and Benjamin Putnam. There is 
but little account of the church on record 
till 1824. Elder Dodge and Elder Putnam 
supplied them with preaching part of the 
time. 

In October, 1824, Elder Edward B. 
Rollins and Elder Seth Allen re-organized 
the church, and introduced the Rollins' 
discipline, (so called). 

Ezekiel Burnham was chosen Ruling 
Elder or Bishop of the church. Edward 
B. Rollins and Seth Allen were invited to 
take the oversight of the church. The 
number of membei^s at this time was about 
thirty. 

Previous to this organization, the church 
had no written creed or articles of faith ; 
taking the Scriptures as their rule of faith 
and practice. In 1835 or 1836, the Ver- 



CALAIS. 



145 



mont Conference laid aside the Rollins 
discipline, and returned to their former 
rule. During this time the church was 
supplied by a number of ministers, who 
occasionally met with them to preach the 
word. Among them were Jasper Hazen, 
Elhanan Winchester, R. Allen. Among 
those who have been instrumental in build- 
ing up the church are the following, viz. : 
Elders Benjamin Page, John Capron, Abra- 
ham Hartshorn, Isaac Petingal, Leonard 
Wheeler, Wm. Sweet and — Goolet, etc. 
The church now numbers 85 members. 
They have built a house for worship near 
the center of the town, and are supplied 
with preaching every Sabbath. 

There is a flourishing Sabbath-school, 
and a good interest manifested among 
both scholars and people. 

This church is now associated with the 
Vermont Western Christiah Conference. 
During the 60 years since its organization, 
there have been a number of revivals of 
interest, and quite a number of young men 
have been ordained as ministers of the 
Gospel. 

Previous to 1824, Jera Haskell and Royal 
T. Haskell were set apart for the work of 
the ministry, and were eminently success- 
ful in building up the denomination ; also, 
Jared L. Green and Bennet Palmer, but 
at exactly what tmie they were ordained 
does not appear to be known. 

After a few years Elder Palmer moved 
to New Hampshire and spent several years 
and then returned to this town, where he 
died May 12, 185 1. 

Elder Green labored with the church for 
many years, and contributed much to its 
prosperity ; then moved to Bradford, where 
he resided several years, preathing a part 
of the time in adjoining towns, and then 
moved to New Hampshire, where he now 
resides, but still remains a member of the 
Vermont Eastern Conference. 

Elders Jera and Royal Haskell went to 
Wisconsin, where Jera soon died, and 
Royal still resides. 

Orrin Davis, son of Isaac Davis, one of 
the early members ot the church, and one 
who did much for the prosperity of the 
church, was ordained in 1850. He is the 



pr-esent pastor of the church, and has been 
since i860. 

BY REV. ORRIN DAVIS. 

The church in 18 10 was organized with 
about 50 members ; there was a monthly 
conference established, which has been 
maintained until the present time. The 
ordinances have been observed all, or 
nearly all, of the time during the 70 years 
of its existence, and it has sustained preach- 
ing the most of the time by the following 
ministers, viz. : Elders B. Putnam, R. 
Dodge, B. Page, E. B. Rollins, J. Cap- 
ron, I. Petingal, S. Allen, William Has- 
kell, J. Haskell, J. L. Green, B. Palmer, 
L. Wheeler, A. Hartshorn, S. Wheelock, 
J. D. Bailey and O. Davis. It has sus- 
tained constant preaching the last 20 years ; 
the present membership about 80, accord- 
ing to the records, but there are only from 
50 to 60 resident members. The church 
will seat about 300. The Sabbath-school 
has for some years past numbered from 
100 to 130. 

UNIVERSALIST PARISH IN CALAIS. 
BY UEV. LESTER WARREN, 1881. 

The venerable William Farwell first pro- 
mulgated our sentiments in Washington 
County; Hon. D. P. Thompson, says in 
his History of Montpelier , Mr. Farwell 
advocated our faith in a debate with Rev. 
Chester Wright, — the grandfather of J. 
Edward. This public discussion was held 
in the street of Montpelier, under the first 
shade trees of the village ; a multitude of 
people were present in the streets to hear 
this debate, and we doubt not some of the 
fathers whose names here follow listened 
with intense interest to tliat discussion, 
and returned to organize a "parish" in 
Calais, just 60 years ago ; dated at Calais, 
Dec. 14, 1820, we have this document: 

We, the subscribers, inhabitants of 
Calais in Washington County, do hereby 
voluntarily associate and agree to form a 
society by the name of The Universalist 
Society in Calais for the purpose of having 
meetings, or supporting a minister to 
preach with us according to the " first sec- 
tion of an act entitled an act for the sup- 
port of the gospels," pas.sed Oct. 26th, A. 
D. 1798. Subscribed to by Gideon Whee- 
lock, Sabin Ainsworth, Abijah Wheelock, 



19 



t46 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



Caleb Curtis, Backus Pearce, Levi Wright, 
Medad Wright, William Robinson, Aaron 
Lamb, Salem Goodenough, and others 
called a meeting, to meet at the dwelling- 
house of Gideon Wheelock. 

The record states this first meeting was 
held at Gideon Wheelock's dwelling-house, 
in Calais, Feb. 21, 1821 ; Levi Wright, 
moderator, of • said meeting ; Gideon 
Wheelock, clerk. A constitution and by- 
laws were adopted at this meeting to gov- 
ern the society and the following officers 
chosen : Aaron Lamb, Caleb Curtis, Levi 
Wright and Medad Wright, prudential 
com. The 4th article of this constitution 
reads : 

That any member wishing to withdraw 
from said society, it shall be his duty to 
make his wishes known to the clerk, in 
writing, and no member may withdraw 
without he />ay /i/s tax, or subscription. 

January 6, 184^, the new constitution 
and some articles of religious belief were 
adopted, which were recorded in the com- 
mencement of the "second book of rec- 
ords." Not all who have acted with the 
society have have had their names on the 
book of records, but I find the names of 25 
members who have been moderators at 
annual meetings since the organization, 
viz: Levi Wright, Jedediah Fay, Jonas 
Hall, Nathan Kelton, Abijah Wheelock, 
Medad Wright, Welcome Wheelock, Pliny 
Curtis, William Robinson, Abdiel Kent, 
J. V. R. Kent, John Robinson, Jesse 
White, Samuel O. Robinson, Richard W. 
Toby, Alonzo Pearce, Nathaniel Eaton, 
Jacob Eaton, Moses Sheldon, Sylvester 
Eaton, Lester Warren, E. A. Hathaway, 
Ira S. Dwinell, Z. G. Pierce, B. P. White. 

These have also been on committees 
and acted as officers of said society ; some 
of them many times. The clerks, or sec- 
retaries of this society have been only ten, 
serving the society as clerks an average of 
6 years each, viz : Gideon Wheelock, Wil- 
liam Robinson, John Robinson, Elon Rob- 
inson, W. Wheelock, A. Goodenough, J. 
V. R. Kent, James K. Toby, Alonzo 
Pearce and Simeon Webb. 

Welcome Wheelock was society clerk 
longer than any other, being elected in 



1840, and serving until the time of his 
death in 1865 — 25 years. 

In the year 1825, or when Calais Meet- 
ing-hou.se was dedicated, the Universalist 
families in this town were able to own and 
control the same only 20 Sabbaths in the 
year ; a little more than one-third ; in 
1845, their share was 32 Sabbaths. Now, 
in 1880, we count about 100 families, but 
they are so scattered all over town, it is 
difficult to get one-half to meet at any one 
place, and meetings are held in different 
places. The past year, 1879, and '80, the 
Universalists of Calais have had meetings 
of their order, one service each Sabbath 
in East Calais, and each alternate Sabbath 
in the west part of the town : al.so evening 
service in S. H. Fosters grove in North 
Calais. To lead the singing in their meet- 
ings they have had such talent as afforded 
by Pliny Curtis, Mr. Wheelock, E. W. 
Ormsby, Ira A. Morse, J. M. Dana, Sam- 
uel O. Robinson and wife, Abdiel Kent, I. 
R. Kent, L. A. Kent, Murray A.. Kent ; 
also in East Calais, Alonzo Pearce, A. D. 
Pearce ; by Amasa Tucker was played the 
bass viol, the first instrument of music in 
our meeting. Mrs. Dr. Ideand Mrs. Bur- 
nap have also been very efficient leaders 
in the choirs ; Mrs. Ide in the west, and 
Mrs. Burnap in the east part of the 
town. Those who have played the organ, 
are Mrs. J. C. Brown, Mrs. Edwin Burn- 
ham, Miss Josie M. Kent, Alice Pearce 
and Ellen Whitcher. 

About 50 Universalist ministers have 
preached in Calais occasionally. Those 
who have been employed by the society 
for any length of time are William Far- 
well, Paul Dean, John E. Palmer, Thomas 
Browning, Mr. Amiers, Lemuel H. Tabor, 
Lester Warren, Sylvester C. Eaton, John 
Gregory, George F. Flanders, D.D., Geo. 
Severance, J. H. Little, J. Edward Wright, 
E. A. Goodenough, S. C. Hayford, and at 
the present time George E. Forbes, (one 
service each Sabbath in the east part of 
the town.) I should not forget to mention 
that the ladies of the society have done 
their part nobly. They solicited the sub- 
scription, and hired S. A. Parker to preach 
a part of the time for one year, about 20 



CALAIS. 



147 



years ago. The}' have also been active in 
getting the reading meetings and Sunday 
school started, which have been the main 
cause of the present effort in the west part 
of Calais. 

Sunday schools which were first started 
by Mr. Raikes of England, 100 years ago, 
were not much thought of here when Uni- 
versalist meetings commenced, but we had 
a small school in 1844, mostly Bible class. 
In 1852, a school was commenced with 
Sidney H. Foster, superintendent, and N. 
A. Chase, librarian. From that it has 
continued, in the west part of the town 
until the present time. Now, the superin- 
tendent is J. K. Toby, with Mrs. Carrie 
Robinson assistant superintendent; and 
Mrs. William H. Kelton is teacher of the 
juvenile class ; and, with prospects bright 
for future usefulness, the Universalist par- 
ish in Calais now commences to have 
preaching service both in the west, and 
east, every Sabbath the ensuing year 
(1881) I hope. 

SOLDIERS OF THE REVOLUTION 

who afterwards became residents of Calais : 
John Beattis, who deserted from the Brit- 
ish ; Seth Doan, Jonas Comins, Backus 
Gary, Ebenezer Goodenough, Stephen 
Hall, Moses Haskell, Francis Lebarron, 
Job Macomber, John Martin, Shubael 
Shortt, Jesse Slayton, Samuel White, Ed- 
mund Willis, Duncan Young, deserted 
from the British, David Fuller, Asa 
Wheelock, Joshua Bliss. 



Names. 
Ainsworth, Geo. W. 
Ainsworth, Lavake 
Ainsworth, Marcus 



Bailey, Robert M. 
Bancroft, Horace D. 
Barret^iGeorge W. 
BatcheTcler, Chas. M. 

Benjamin, Thos. W. 
Bennett, L. Austin 
Blake, Stephen D. 

Bigelow, George 



SOLDIERS IN THE 

Reg. Co. EnHHment. 

II I Dec 8 63 

do " 3 63 

13 H Aug 19 62 



II I 

8 B 

II I 

do 


Aug 15 64 
Dec 31 61 
Aug 15 64 
Dec 5 63 


do 
do 
do 


Dec 3 63 
July 21 62 
Dec 3 63 


6 B 


July n 63 



Bliss, Frederick D. ii I July 16 62 



SOLDIERS IN WAR OF l8l2. 

Danforth Ainsworth, Welcome Ains- 
worth, Benjamin Bancroft, John Goodell, 
David Green, Isaac Hawkins, Enoch Kel- 
ton, Ansel Lebarron, Shubael Lewis, Azel 
Lyon, Jason Marsh, 28 months ; Perry 
Marsh, 14 months; D wight Marsh, 28 
months; John Martin, Jr., Jabez Mower, 
Ephraim Pray, Isaac Robinson, Joel Tuck- 
er, Josiah White, Daniel Young. 

VOLUNTEERS TO PLATTSBURGH SEPT. 1814. 

Vial Allen, Joshua Bliss, 2d, Joshua 
Bliss, 4th, Ira Brown, Pliny Curtis, Elias 
Drake, Samuel Fuller, Simeon Guernsey, 
Bemis Hamilton, Thomas Hathaway, Par- 
don Janes, Jabez Mower, Noah Pearce, 
Joel Robinson, Cyrenus Shortt, Darius 
Slayton, Jesse Slayton, Phineas Slayton, 
Simeon Slayton, Edward Tucker, Reuben 
D. Waters, Hiram Wells, Schuyler Wells, 
Josiah White, Gideon Wheelock, Jonathan 
Wheelock, Levi Wright, Medad Wright. 

SOLDIERS IN MEXICAN WAR. 

James M. Ainsworth, died at Jalapa, 
Mexico, Feb. 29, 1848. Dexter S. Good- 
ell, served in war of 1861-5, died 1878. 
Arlo Thayer. 

Amasa Tucker, an old resident and a 
man of remarkable memory, has aided 
largely in the preparation of the foregoing 
lists of soldiers, and they are perhaps as 
near correct as it is possible to make them 
at this time. 

CIVIL WAR, 1861-5. 

Remarks. 
Dis. June 16, 65. 
Deserted July 26, 64. 
Must, out July 21, 63 ; re-enlist. 11 Reg. Co. 

I. Nov. 30, 63 ; tr. to Co. A. June 24, 65 ; 

tr. to Co. D. ; must, out Aug. 25, 65. 
Missed in action Oct. 19, 64. 
Killed at Port Hudson, June 14, 63. 
Must, out June 24, 65. 
Tv. to Co. A. June 24, 65 ; tr. to Co. D. ; 

must, out Aug. 25, 65. 
Tr. to Co. A. ; disch. June 13, 65. 
Died February 19, 63. 
Tr. to Co. A. June 24, 65 ; tr. to Co. D ; pro. 

Corp. July 12, 65 ; must.' out Aug. 25, 65. 
Drafted ; tr. to Co. Co. H. Oct. 16, 64 ; tr. 

to V. R. C. Nov. 22, 64 ; must, out July 

15, 65. 
Corp. ; pro. sergt. Dec. 26, 63 ; red.. Sept. 

37, 64 ; must, out June 24, 65. 



148 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



Namei. 


Reg. 


Co. 


Enlistment. 


Bliss, Zenas H. 


9 


I 


June 24 62 


Brown, James W. 
Bruce, Joel 
Burke, Walter 
Burnham, Melvin V. 
Burnap, Charles H. 
Burnap, Wyman R. 


II 

4 
13 

9 
II 
d 


I 

G 
H 

I 
I 


July 26 62 
Sept 2 61 
Aug 19 62 
June 16 62 
July 17 62 
" 19 62 


Carr, Lemuel B. 
Carroll, Henry W. 
Clark, Aurelian M. 


II 

8 
4 


I 

I 

H 


Nov 30 63 
Feb 14 65 
Aug 30 64 


Clark, Charles 
Clark, Charles M. 
Clark, James H. 
Clifford, Isaac 
Church, Isaiah B. 
Colburn, Charles C. 
Colburn, Curtis C. 
Connor, Dorman 
Dodge, Oramel S. 
Dudley, Andrew J. 


II I 

istssF 
II I 
13 H 

7 

13 c 

do 
13 H- 
II I 

do 


Jan. 4 64 
Sept II 61 
July 15 62 
Aug 19 62 
Feb 8 65 
Aug 29 62 
Aug 29 62 
Aug 19 62 
Dec I 63 
July 15 62 


Eaton, Arthur G. 
Eaton, Chase H. 
Estes, Charles O. 
Fair, Simon C. 
Fair, Shubel B. 
Flynn, John D. 


9 
13 

2d 

II 

9 


I 
F 
H 
Bat 
I 
I 


June 26 62 
July II 63 
Aug 19 62 
Nov 12 61 
July 21 62 
May 30 62 


Foster, Edward L. 


II 


I 


Aug 2 62 


Foster, Sidney H. 


II 


I 


July 22 62 


Gardner, Horace 


13 


H 


Sept 22 62 


Goodell, Dexter S. 
Goodell, Henry M. 
Goodell, John A. 
Goodell, Lee Roy 
Goodell, William M. 


II 

d 
8 
II 

d 


I 

D 

E 

I 



July 21 62 

" 15 62 

Feb 14 65 

Dec 5 63 

8 63 


Goodno, Martin, 
Guernsey, Geo. H. 


II I 

do 


Nov 30 63 
Aug II 62 


Guernsey, Oscar W. 
Hale, William H. 
Hall, Hiram A. 


d< 
7 
9 


3 

A 
I 


" 15 64 
Feb 8 65 
June 24 62 


Hall, Hiram H. 
Hall, Robert H. 
Hammond, John F. C 


3 H 
T AC 
6 F 


June I 61 
July II 63 


Harding, John W. 
Hinkson, Lyman 
Hobart, Henry 


S E 

13 H 

do 


Feb 9 65 
Aug 19 62 
Sept 12 62 


Hovey, James O. 
Jackson, Orra W. 


II 


D 
I 


May 7 61 
Dec I 63 


Jackson, Samuel 
Jennings, Ira E. 
Judd, William 


II 

d 

2d 


I 

Bat 


Dec I 63 

4 63 

Nov 12 61 



Remarfcs. 
Pro. sergt. ; disch. for pro. in colored troops 

August 19, 64. 
Pro. Corp. Sept. 27, 64 ; must, out June 24, 65. 
Killed at Fredericksburg, Va., Dec. 13, 62. 
Died March 4, 63. 
Died March 8, 63. 
Mustered out June 24, 65. 
Pro. sergt. Sept. i, 64 ; died Sept. 21, 64, of 

wounds rec'd in action Sept. 19, 6*4. 
Deserted Nov. 2, 64. 
Died June 19 65. 
Tr. to Co. E. Feb. 25, 65 ; must, out June 

19, 1865. 
Deserted Oct. 22, 64. 
Discharged Jan. 10, 62. 
Mustered out June 24, 65. 
Wagoner ; must, out July 21, 63. 
Not accounted for. 
Died Jan. 26. 63. 
Mustered out July 21, 63. 
Corp. ; must, out July 21, 63. 
Discharged June 21, 65. 
Pro. to sergt. Aug. 11, 63; pro. 2d lieut. 

Sept. 2, 64 ; pro. ist lieut. Dec. 2, 64 ; 

must, out Aug. 25, 65. 
Died Nov. 9, 62. 

Drafted ; \^xo. corp. ; must, out May 13, 65. 
Mustered out July 21, 63. 
Sergeant ; died July 23, 62. 
Pro. Corp. Dec. 26, 63 ; must, out June 24, 65. 
Pro. corp. ; serg. Sept. 16, 64 ; must, out 

June 13, 65. 
Pro. reg. com. sergt. May 16, 63 ; pro. 2d 

lieut. Co. I. Dec. 28, 63 ; pro. ist lieut. 

Sept. 2, 64; must, out June 24, 65. 
istse.igt; pro. 2d lieut. July II, 63 ; ist lieut. 

Dec. 28, 63 ; hon. disch. for disability 
Nov. 22, 64. 
Sergt. ; pro. ist sergt. June 4, 63; must, out 

July 21, 63. 
Trans, to Inv. Corps, Feb. 15, 64. 
Disch. Nov. 17, 62. 
Mustered out May 23, 65. 
Discharged. 
Tr. to Co. A. June 24, 65 ; tr. to Co. D. ; 

must, out Aug. 25, 65. 
Tr. to Co. A. June 24, 65 ; disch. July 21, 65. 
Pro. corp. Dec. 26, 63 ; sergt. Feb. 11, 65 ; 

must, out June 30, 65. 
Mustered out June 24, 65. 

" Feb. 8. 66. 
Pro. to corp. Nov. 27, 64 ; must, out June 

13, 1S65. 
Discharged Nov. 21, 62. 

Drafted ; pro. to corp. ; tr. to Co. A. Oct. 

16, 64 ; pro. to sergt. Jan. i, 65 ; must. 

out June 26, 65. 
Died March 6, 65. • 

Mustered out July 21, 63. 
Disch. April 25, 63; re-enlist. 11 reg. Co. I. 

Aug. II, 64 ; must, out June 24, 65. 
Re-enlfst. Dec. 21, 63 ; disch. May 13, 65. 
Tr. to Co. A. June 24, 65 ; must, out June 

29, 1865. 
Died August 8, 64. 
Died Feb. 3, 64. 
Sergt. ; reduced to ranks ; re-enlist. Jan. 2, 

64 ; pro. corp. Sept. i, 64 ; sergt. May i, 

65 ; must, out July 31, 65. 



CALAIS. 



149 



Names, Reg. Co. 

Kelton, Edgar A. 13 C 

Larock, John, 6 G 

Lawson, Truman, 11 I 

Leonard, Joseph W. do 

Lilley, Willard, do 

Lincoln, Eugene, 8 K 

Linsey, Hubbard 6 B 

Major, William 13 H 

Marshall, Chas, H. 11 I 

Marsh, Frank E. do 

Marsh, Henry O. 4 G 

Marsh, Wm, H. H. do 

Martin, James, 9 I 

Martin, John A. 11 I 

Martin, John W. do 

Martin, Silas B. do 

Martin, William E. do 

McLoud, Edward T. 1 1 

McLoud, Henry IL 4 G 



McLoud, Morrilla G. 4 G 



McKnight, Chas. M. 
Merrill, Isaac A. L. 
Mower, Albion J. 
Mower, Marcus M. 
Nelson, Geo. W. 

Newton, Henry H. 

Nourse, Calvin 
Ormsbee, Chas. E. 

Ormsbee, DeWitt C. 

Ormsbee, Geo. W. 
Peck, William V. 
Persons, Joseph Jr. 

Pierce, Alonzo E. 



Pierce, Lyman J. 
Pierce, Orion A. 
Phillips, Walter A. 

Porter, Freeman J. 
Pray, Rufus M. 
Preston, George 
Remick, George 
Robinson, Ed. E. 

Robinson, Joel E. 

Robinson, Robert PL 
Rodney, John 
Russell, Franklin W. 

Short, Gilbert L. 

Shaw, Dexter V. 
Slayton, Rufus H. 
Slayton, Theodore M. 



Enlistment. 
Aug 29 62 

Feb 22 65 
Dec I 63 
Aug 13 62 
July 15 62 

Feb 20 65 
July II 63 

Oct 3 62 
Dec 5 63 
Aug 1 1 62 
Sept 3 61 
do 

June 18 62 
Aug II 62 
Aug 13 62 
July 25 62 
Aug II 62 
Dec 3 63 
Sept 4 61 



do 



13 

(I 


H 

I 


Aug 19 62 
Julv 30 62 


9 
II 
6 


1 
I 
E 


June 30 62 
July 31 62 
July II 63 


II 


I 


Nov 30 63 


13 

2 


H 


Aug 29 62 
June 17 61 


II 


I 


Dec 3 63 


6 


H 


Aug 14 6r 


13 
II 


H 

I 


Sept 23 62 
Dec 5 63 



3 .K July II 61 



8 
3 
13 


E 
K 
H 


Feb 14 65 
July 10 61 
Aug 19 62 


9 

8 

[ ss 


I 

K 
K 
A 
F 


June 4 62 
Julv 23 61 
Feb II 65 
Sept 27 61 
Sept II 61 


[3 


C 


Aug 29 62 


7 
6 

ti 


A 
F 
H 


Feb 8 65 
Sept 28 61 
Dec I 63 


[I 


I 


Dec 2 63 


4 

:d : 

>3 


H 

Bat 
H 


Feb 14 65 
Aug 27 64 
Aug 19 62 



Remarks. 
Corp. ; pro. sergt. Feb. 28, 63 ; must, ou 

July 21, 63. 
Mustered out June 26, 65. 
Tr. to Co. A. June 24, 65 ; disch. July i, 65. 
1st lieut. ; resigned Nov. 25, 62. 
Pro. Corp. Nov. 14, 62 ; disch. June 15, 65 ; 

wounded, and lost an arm ; full pension. 
Mustered out June 28, 65. 
Drafted ; tr. to Co. H. Oct. 16, 64 ; must. 

out June 26, 65. 
Must, out July 21, 63. 
Must, out May 23, 65. 

Pro. Cor. Feb n, 65 ; must, out June 24, 65. 
Died June 6, 64, of wounds rec'd in action. 
Pro. Cor.; re-enlisted Dec 15, 63; died July 

2, 64, of wounds received in action. 
Pro. Cor. July 15, 64; must, out June 13, 65. 
Must, out June 24, 61;. 

Pro. to Cor. Dec 26, 63.; must, out June 24, 65. 
Must, out June 24, 65. 

do do 

Died Jan. 13, 64. 
Dis. Feb. 18,63; re-en. 11 Reg. Co. L Dec. 

2, 63; tr. Co. A. June 24, 65 ; tr. Co. D.; 

must, out Aug. 25, 65. 
Re-en- Dec. 63 ; pro. Cor. Oct. 5, 64 to Sergt. 

Dec. 3, 64 ; tr. to Co. F. Feb 25, 65 ; must. 

out July 13, 65. 
Sergt ; died May 24, 63. 
Must, out June 24, 65. 
Capt.; re'-igned July 8, 63. 
Died July 29, 63. 
Drafted; tr. to Co. K. Oct. 16,64; iriust. 

out May 13, 65. 
Tr. to Co. A. June 24, 65 ; tr. to Vet. Res. 

Corps, Nov. 25, 64. 
Must, out July, 21, 63. 
Re-en. Dec. 21, 63 ; pro. Cor.; must, out 

July 15, 65. 
Tr. to Co. A. June 24, 65; tr. to Co. D.; 

must, out Aug. 25, 65. 
Re-en. Dec. 15, 63 ; must, out June 26, 65. 
Capt.; resigned Jan. 25, 63. 
Tr. to Co. A June 24, 65 ; tr. to Co. D.; pro. 

Cor. June 27, 65 ; must, out Aug. 25. 65. 
2d Lt.; pro. ist Lt. Co. A. Sept. 22,62 ; pro. 

Capt. Co. K. May 8, 63 ; hon. dis. Dec. 

14, 63, for disability. 
Must, out July 7, 65. 
Cor. Dis. Nov. 18, 62. 
1st Sergt.; Pro. 2d Lt. June 4, 63; must, out 

July 21, 63. 
Cor.; died Nov. 19, 62. 

Pro. Sergt.; re-en. Dec. 31, 63; dis. May 27, 65. 
Must, out June 28, 65. 
Re-en. Jan. 5, 64 ; dis. Feb. 21, 65. 
Pro. Reg. Qr. M. Sergt. Jan. 18, 62 ; dis. 

Sept. 12, 64. 
Must, out July 21, 63; died July 28, 63 of 

disease contracted in army. 
Died Jan. 14, 66. 
Dis. June 24, 62. 
Tr. to Co. B. June 24, 65; tr. to Co. D.; 

must, out Aug. 25, 65. 
Tr. to Co. A. June 24, 65; tr. to Co. D,; 

must, out Aug. 25, 65. 
Must, out July 13, 65. 
Died July 31, 65. 
Must, out July 21, 6j. 



I50 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



Names. 


Reg. 


Co. 


Enlistment. 


Slayton, Thos. J. 2d. 


d 





do 


Smith, Amasa T. 


3 


K 


July II 61 


Smith, Coridon D. 


2d 


Bat 


Dec 13 61 


Soper, George 


2 


D 


May 7 61 


Stockwell, Albert S. 


13 


C 


Aug 29 62 


Stone, Judson A. 


13 


H ' 


Aug 19 62 


Stone, Benjamin H. 


4 


G 


Aug 26 61 


Stowe, Lewis A. 




K 


Feb 20 62 


Stowe, William, 


2 


F 


May 7 61 


Sumner, Alonzo L. 


7 


H 


Feb 8 62 



Tewksbury, Chas. C. i ss F Sept 1 1 61 



Tice, Fletcher F. 
Tichout, Alva M. 
Walling, Ransom 

Webber, Silas 

Webber, Timothy C. 
Wells, William R. 

Wheeler, Martin E. 
Wheeler, Zimri B. 

Wheelock, Jacob E. 
Wheelock, Russell 
White, Chas. R. 
White, William O. 

Whiting, Amos A. 

Whitten, Curtis B. 
Witham, Aaron 



II I 

do 
6 B 


July 15 62 
Aug 10 64 
July 1 1 63 


4 G 


Aug 29 61 


13 H 
II I 


Sept 17 62 
Aug I 62 


do 
do 


July 24 62 
do 



istCav C Sept 10 61 

13 H Aug 19 62 

do do 

13 H do 

13 C Aug 29 62 

II I Aug 30 64 

9 I May 28 63 



There were 15 re-enlistments credited to 
the town, as follows : Marcus Ainsworth, 
Henry Hobart, William Judd, William H. 
H. Marsh, H. H. McLoud, Alonzo L. 
Sumner, C. C. Tewksbury, twice, Silas 
Webber, Amos Whiting, Wm. O. White, 
not credited by name, 4. 

Thirty men were drafted July 11, 1863 ; 
Of these 6 entered the service, and their 
names appear in the above record, and are 
as follows: Geo. Bigelow, Chase H. 
Eaton, John F. C. Hammond, Hubbard 
Linsey, Geo. W. Nelson and Ransom 
Walling. 

Twenty-four paid commutation, as fol- 
lows : Eri Batchelder, Ira D. Cochran, 
Chandler Coller, Lemuel P. Goodgll, Clark 
M. Gray, Geo. H. Gray, Geo. E. Hall, 
Edwin D. Haskell, John Q. Haskell, W. 
V. Herrick, James M. Jacobs, Ira Jen- 
nings, Marcus C. Kenneston, Allen Morse, 
Azro Nelson, Geo. S. Newton, William 
V. Peck, Orion Pierce, William C. Robin- 



Remarks. 
Sergt.; died Apr. 7, 63. 
1st Lt.; pro. to Capt. Jan. 15, Gt,; resigned 

Feb. 13, 63. 
1st Lt.; dism. July 30, 62. 
Died Dec. 7, 61. 
Must, out July 21, 63. 

do do 

Died Feb. 5, 62. 
Dis. Oct. 2, 62. 

Pro. to Cor.; killed at Wilderness, May 5, 64. 
Re-en. Feb. 20, 64 ; pro. to Cor. Oct. i, 64 ; 

must, out Mar. 14, 66. 
Dis. Oct. 4, 61 ; re-en. 13 Reg. Co. C. Aug. 

29,62; pro. to Cor. Jan. 12,63; must. 

out July 21, 63 ; re-en. 1 1 Reg. Co. I, Aug. 

30, 64 ; must, out June 24, 65. 
Must, out June 24, 65. 

do do 

Drafted ; tr. to H. Oct. 16, 64 ; must, out 

June 26, 65. 
Re-en. Dec. 15, 63 ; killed at bat. Wilderness 

May 5, 64. 
Must, out July 21, 63. 
Pro. to Artificer Dec. 26, 63 ; must, out June 

24, 65. 
Must, out May 13, 65. 
Cor. Pro. Sergt. Mar, 4, 64 ; must, out June 

24, 65. 
Dis. Oct. 29, 62. 
Dis. Apr. 18, 63. 
Sergt.; dis. Feb. 3, 63. 
Cor.; dis. July 21, 63 ; re-en. 8 Reg. Co. E. 

Feb. 14, 65; must, out June 28, 65. 
Dis. July 21, 63; re-en. 11 Reg. Co. I. Aug, 

15, 64 ; must, out June 24, 65. 
Must, out June 24, 65. 
Must, out June 13, 65. 

son, Lewis W. Voodrey, Henry P. Whee- 
lock, Jacob E. Wheelock, Benjamin P. 
White and Lewis L. Wood. 

SUMMARY. 

Enlisted for three years, 96 ; enlisted for 
one year, 23 ; enlisted for nine months, 27 ; 
drafted and entered service, 6 ; drafted and 
paid commutation, 24; total, 176. Entire 
quota of the town, 173; furnished in ex- 
cess of quota, 3. 

Partial list of natives of Calais who en- 
listed elsewhere : Horace Bancroft, Calvin 
Bliss, Solomon Dodge, Gardner Fay, Wil- 
lard Fay, Geo. W. Foster, Jr., James 
Hargin, Charles C. McKnight, Lorenzo 
Stowe, Marcus F. Tucker, Wm. Arlo 
Tucker, Calvin White ; in Confederate 
service, Jas. M. Bliss, Melvin Dwinell. 

SOLDIERS WHO DIED IN THE WAR. 

Freeman Porter, Amasa Smith, George 
Lowell, Charles Fisher, A. G. Eaton, 
Lyman Pierce, Lester Clifford, Austin 



CALAIS. 



ISI 



Bennett, are buried in East Calais cem- 
etery ; T. J. Slayton, in Short cemetery; 
Rufus Slayton in South cemetery ; Lorenzo 
Stowe, Lewis Stowe, in Center cemetery ; 
Joel Robinson, Marcus M. Mower, Ira Jen- 
nings, Clark C. Colburn, in Robinson 
cemetery. 

BIOGRAPHICAL PAPERS. 

FROM MAUCUS D. (JILMAN, LIHUAKIAN OF VT. 
HISTOlllCAL SOCIKTY. 

John Melvin Gilman, son of Dr. John 
Gilman, and only brother of Marcus D. 
Gilman, was born at Calais, Sept. 7, 1824. 
He resided on the farm of his step-father, 
Hon. Nathaniel Eaton, in Calais, until 
about 17 years of age. He was educated 
at the common schools of the town and at 
the Washington County Grammar School 
at Montpelier. He read law in the office 
of Heaton & Reed, at Montpelier, and 
commenced practice at New Lisbon, Ohio, 
where he remained until 1857, when he 
moved to St. Paul, Minn., where he has 
become one of the most prominent mem- 
bers of the legal profession in the state. 

While residing in Ohio, Mr. Gilman was 
electeil to the State Senate from Colum- 
biana County in 1849-50. He has been 
four times elected to the Legislature of 
Minnesota from St. Paul, "and has ren- 
dered the state valuable service in that ca- 
pacity." He has also been the democratic 
candidate for Congress and other offices in 
St. Paul ; but his party being in the minor- 
ity, he was not elected. Mi;. Gilman be- 
ing a good speaker, his services are always 
in demand as a campaign orator, and he 
generously devotes much time to the in- 
terests of the democratic party. 

Mr. Gilman married Anna G. Cornwell, 
atNew Lisbon, Ohio, June 25, 1857; they 
have had children : John Cornwell, born 
Jan. 23, 1859 ; Marcus Cornwell, born Oct. 
18, i860; Hays Cornwell, born July 29, 
1862 ; died Aug. 12, 1863 ; Jessie Corn- 
well, born Nov. 14, 1864; Kittie Cornwell, 
born Jan. 7, 1868; all born at St. Paul. 
The two last-named only are now living. 
The two boys, John C. and Marcus C, 
were accidentally drowned by the upsetting 
of their boat in a storm, on a bayo of the 



Mississippi river near St. Paul, while out 
duck-shooting, Apr. 28, 1877. 

ISRAEL EDSON DWINELL, 

of East Calais, [See Dwinell family in East 
Calais papers] , in boyhood was the school- 
mate and most intimate friend of the 
writer. He resided on his father's farm 
until about 18 years of age and was ed- 
ucated at the common schools and at the 
University of Vermont, where he was grad- 
uated in 1843 ; read theology, and was 
graduated at the Union Theological Sem- 
inary, New York City, in 1848 ; ordained 
colleague pastor with Rev. Brown Em- 
erson, D. D., over the Third Congrega- 
tional church, Salem, Mass., Nov. 22, 
1849; remained until his removal to Sac- 
ramento, California, in July, 1863, where 
he became pastor of the First (Congrega- 
tional) Church of Christ, and where he 
still remains, (January, 1881.) 

Many sermons and articles by Dr. Dwin- 
ell have been published, mostly upon the- 
ological matters. We give a list of his 
principal published writings : " Claims of 
Religion on the State," in New Englander , 
Nov. 1854; "Self-Development, not Ag- 
gression, the true Policy of our Nation," 
New Englander, Nov. 1855 ; " Advance in 
the Type of Revealed Religion," Bibliotheca 
Sacra, April, 1857 ; "Spiritualism tested by 
Christianity," New Englander, Nov. 1857 ; 
" Baptism a Consecrating Rite," Biblio- 
theca Sacra, January, 1858; "Union of 
the Divine and the Human in the Exter- 
nals of Christianity," Bibliotheca Sacra, 
July, 1859; "Adaptation of Christianity 
to Home Missions," Congregational Quar- 
terly, October, 1859; "Hope for our 
Country," a sermon at Salem, Oct. 19, 
1862, pp. 19; "Historical Sketch of the 
Pacific Theological Association," 1867, pp. 
28 ; " Relation of the Acceptance of Super- 
natural Ideas to Institutions of Learning," 
being an oration before the Associate 
Alumni of California, Oakland, 1868, pub- 
lished in tne minutes; "The Higher 
Reaches of the Great Continental Railway : 
A Highway for our God," a sermon at Sac- 
ramento, May 9, 1869, pp. 13; "New Era 
of the Spirit," Congregational Review, 



152 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



March, 1870; "Service of the Suffering," 
a sermon at Sacramento, April 23, 1871, 
pp. 13; " Religion, According to Carlyle," 
Congregational Review, Sept. 1871 ; "Prot- 
estantism — Is it a Failure," Christian 
Wor/d, January, 1869; "Memorial Ser- 
mon " at Sacramento, June 29, 1873 ; " Fel- 
lowship of the Churches," a sermon at 
the National Council of Congregational 
Churches at New Haven, in October, 1874, 
published in the Minutes. 

Besides the above, many sermons and 
addresses published in the newspapers ; 
the popular way of publishing discourses 
of late. Dr. Dwinell received the hon- 
orary degree of Doctor of Divinity from 
the University of Vermont in 1864. 

REV. C. L. GOODELL 

was born in Calais, Mar. 16, 1830. He 
was brought up on a farm, attended the 
common schools, and fitted for college at 
Morrisville and Bakersfield academies ; 
graduated at the University of Vermont in 
1855 ; at Andover Theo. Sem. 1858 ; was 
also a short time at Union Theo. Sem. 
New York City ; was settled as pastor over 
the Congregational church at New Britain, 
Conn., 14 years ; then moved to St. Louis, 
Mo., where he still remains as pastor of a 
church. He married Emily Fairbanks, 
daughter of ex-Governor Erastus Fair- 
banks, of St. Johnsbury, in 1859 ; they have 
two children, 

Mr. Goodell has been abroad three 
times, visiting Egypt, Palestine and the 
East, in 1867. His publications are : "An 
Oration on the Fourth of July, 1849, at 
Calais, published by request of the cit- 
izens " ; "A Thanksgiving Sermon on our 
National Affairs," 1863, which was widely 
circulated; " Sketch of the Life of Gov. 
Erastus Fairbanks," in the Congregational 
Quarterly, January, 1865 ; " Life of Rev. 
John Smalley, D. D., of Connecticut," 
1873; "Life of Mrs. Henry C. Stephens, 
of New York City," published in a vol- 
ume in 1869; in addition, Mr. Goodell 
writes us, he has had of late years some 
200 sermons and public addresses pub- 
lished in the daily press and in pamphlet 
form. 



COL. CALEB CURTIS, 

one of the early settlers of Calais, was a 
son of the first minister of Charlton, Mass., 
Rev. Caleb Curtis, and his wife. Charity 
(Combs) Curtis ; Col. Curtis was born in 
Charlton, Mar. 12, 1770; he married first, 
Polly, daughter of Levi Davis, of Charlton, 
who was a brother of Col. Jacob Davis, 
one of the principal proprietors of the town- 
ships of Calais and Montpelier, and the 
first settler of the latter town. 

Col. Curtis and wife moved to Calais 
before 1795, and settled at the head of 
Curtis pond, so named for him, where he 
continued to reside until his death, Jan. 4, 
1836. 

He opened an excellent farm, Vvhich he 
industriously cultivated, and was one of 
the most prominent citizens, having been 
chosen to most of the civil and military 
offices of the town and vicinity. He was 
thrice married, and brought up and ed- 
ucated a large and fine family. By his 
first wife, who died Jan. 4, 1801, aged 25 
years, he had : 

1st, Pliny, born in Calais, Nov. 14, 1795, 
who became a prominent citizen in town, 
and subsequently moved to Columbus, 
Ohio, where he died in Feb. 1853. 

2d, Ruth, born in Calais, Jan. 11, 1799, 
and died in Middlesex, Vt., July 30, 1865 ; 
she married first, John Oilman, M. D., 
May 20, 1 8 19, and they had two sons, 
Marcus Davis, the writer of this, and John 
Melvin. Dr, Oilman died at Calais, Feb. 
10, 1825, and his widow married Nathaniel 
Eaton, of Calais, and they had one son, 
Caleb Curtis, born at Calais, May 6, 1830 ; 
[For whom see Eaton Family paper.] 

Col. Curtis married, 2d, Miss Anna, 
daughter of Samuel Robinson, who settled 
in Calais from Charlton ; she died April 
27, 18 14, aged y] \ from this marriage 
there was, ist, Polly, born July 6, 1804; 
she married Ira Kent, of Kent's Corner, 
Calais, where she resided until her death, 
Jan. 24, 1881 ; 2d, Stillman H., born Dec. 
20, 1808, read law, and settled at Plainfield, 
and died unmarried, at Calais, in March, 
1844; 3d, Amanda M., born July 9, 1810, 
married Lebeus H. Chase, a merchant of 



CALAIS. 



iS3 



Plainfield, where she died March 23, 1837, 
no children; 4th, Minerva, born April 18, 
18 13, married Ezekiel Kent, brother of 
Ira; she died in 1871, leaving a daughter 
Alice, who married Col. J. O. Livingston, 
a lawyer of Montpelier, where they now 
reside. 

Col. Curtis married for his third wife, a 
widow Daggett, by whom he had, ist, 
Dauphna, born Aug. 13, 18 16, who mar- 
ried Rev. L. H. Tabor, a Universalist 
minister; she died at East Burke, Vt., 
Jan. II, 1880; they had three children. 

2d, Laura A., born Aug. 28, 18 19, mar- 
ried J. V. R. Kent, brother to Ira; she 
died at Calais, Aug. 31, 1851 ; 3d, Fanny 
H., born July 24, 1822, and married Abdiel 
Kent, another brother of Ira ; she died 
Dec. 24, 1854, leaving two sons and two 
daughters, the eldest daughter, Ella F., 
married Arthur B. Bacon, and they reside 
in Spencer, Mass., and have two children, 
Frederick and Laura. 

Murray A., married Ruth, daughter of 
Sidney Bennett and wife, Ruth (Eaton) ; 
they have a son, Dorman, and reside at 
Kent's Corner. Van R., married Le- 
lia, daughter of Capt. Foster of Calais, 
and reside in Spencer, Mass. Laura Ann, 
a young lady, finely educated, is precep- 
tress of the High and Graded School in 
Spencer, Mass. 

The children of Col. Caleb Curtis were 
nine, two sons and seven daughters ; and 
his third wife, widow Daggett, added to 
the family three daughters Lucy, Catharine 
and Mary, by her first husband, and the 
twelve lived together in affection, love and 
harmony. 

Pliny, eldest son of Col. Curtis, mar- 
ried Relief, daughter of Darius Boyden, 
one of the early settlers of East Montpel- 
ier, (who also came from Charlton) ; they 
were married at East Montpelier, Dec. 17, 
1 8 18, and settled on a farm where Sidney 
Bennett now lives, about a mile south of 
the Curtis homestead. They raised a 
beautiful family of eight children, all born 
in Calais ; about 1840, the family moved 
to a farm near Columbus, Ohio ; his wife 
Relief died at Peoria, 111., Aug. 13, 1862, 
aged 65. Their children were : 



1st, Nathaniel Bancroft, born Sept. 11, 
1819; married Jane Warren, of Warren- 
ville, Dupage County, 111., in 1853, and 
they have two daughters. Nathaniel went 
to Columbus, Ohio, early in life, and was 
very prosperous in mercantile and banking 
business there and at Peoria, 111., whither 
he removed in 185 1 ; and it should be re- 
corded that from 1840 until his death in 
1872, he contributed largely to the support 
of his father''s family, and especially to the 
thorough education of the younger mem- 
bers. From an obituary notice of Mr. 
Nathaniel B. Curtis, from a Peoria paper : 

Mr. Curtis came to Peoria in 185 1 or '52, 
from Ohio, and established here the first 
banking house in the city. The firm was 
known as N. B. Curtis & Co. ; the bank 
prospered under Mr. Curtis's able manage- 
ment, and upon the opening of the First 
National bank he was made cashier, and 
was a director up to within about 10 months 
of his death, when his brain became im- 
paired from the constant strain upon it and 
it was found necessary to send him to 
Hartford, Conn., where he died. Mr. 
Curtis, both as a business man and a pri- 
vate gentleman, was much loved by all 
who knew him. 

His widow died at Warrenville, Aug. 26, 
1879; 01^6 of the daughters is married, 
and the other resides with her mother. 

2d, Darius Boyden, born Sept. 17, 1821 ; 
died at Calais, November 7, 1844; never 
married. 

3d, Caroline Amanda, born Sept. 23, 
1823 ; married Jonas K. Hall, of Calais, in 
1846, and died May 12, 1848 ; no children. 

4th, Pliny, Jr., born March 29, 1826; 
was in business with his brother Nathaniel 
at Peoria, and married Miss Cornelia Bald- 
win of that place ; she died about 1873 or 
'74, leaving four children ; Mr. Curtis 
died at St. Louis, in 1880. 

5th, Maria, married Dr. E. S. Deming 
of Calais, in 1846 ; he died leaving 2 sons, 
Sumner, and Henry Halford, grown up to 
manhood ; residing with their mother in 
Kansas. 

6th, Lucinda, married Mr. Sanger, a 
prominent lawyer of Peoria ; died very- 
soon without children. Mr. Sanger mar- 
ried her sister, (7th) Mary ; he died soon 
after, leaving a handsome estate, and Mary 



154 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



married, 2d, a Mr. Brayton, of Peoria, and 
3d, a Mr. Wilson of the same place ; she 
died in 1876, leaving two sons, Ezra San- 
ger, by her first husband, and Curtis Bray- 
ton by her second ; the sons reside in 
Peoria. 

8th, Levon, died at 17. 

Polly Curtis, b. 1804, md. Ira Kent. 
(See Kent family paper.) 

Colonel Curtis was one of the most 
active and influential men of his time in 
the west part of the town ; educational fa- 
cilities were early and liberally provided, 
and largely through his influence a spa- 
cious and handsome church edifice was 
erected south of Kent's Corner, which is 
an ornament to the town at this day ; this 
was erected as a Union meeting-house, 
but the Universalist element largely pre- 
dominated in that part of the town at the 
time of its erection, and it is now entirely 
owned and controlled by this denomina- 
tion. The descendants of Col. Curtis, 
through the most remote branches, are of 
this faith, and so indeed are the descend- 
ants of the principal early settlers of that 
part of the town ; and no town ever did or 
does contain a more intelligent, moral, in- 
dependent, liberal community than is pre- 
sented in the inhabitants of West Calais, 
from the first settlement to the present 
time. 

CHARLES CLARK, M. D., 

was born in Montpelier, Jan. 31, 1800; 
son of Nathaniel and Lucy Perry Clark ; his 
father, Nathaniel Clark, died in 1810. 
When Charles was 7 years old, his left leg 
was amputated by Dr. Nathan Smith, of 
Hanover, N. H. When 21 years of age, 
he commenced the practice of medicine 
with Dr. N. C. King, in North Mont- 
pelier. In 1823, he moved to Calais, and 
was the same year married to Clarissa 
Boyden, daughter of Darius Boyden, of 
Montpelier. He remained in Calais 14 
years, and four of his children were born 
here. In 1837, he removed to Montpelier, 
purchasing the Boyden homestead of his 
wife's father, where he remained 12 years, 
and in 1849, removed to Montpelier vil- 
lage, for the better education of his chil- 



dren. 6 in all ; 2 born in Montjjelier. He 
died June 21, 1874, aged 74 years. 

FACE OF TOWNSHIP ; NAME. 

This town is peculiarly situated in some 
respects, it being naturally divided by two 
valleys, with high hills at their sides, ex- 
tending northerly and southerly ; in these 
valleys are the two principal streams of 
the town, and they join in the south-easterly 
part of the same, forming a principal 
branch of Winooski river. The east and 
west parts of the town are thus isolated and 
independent in a measure of each other. 
Notwithstanding the hilly and uneven char- 
acter of the town, there is less of what is 
denominated waste land, than in any town- 
ship within our knowledge. 

WHENCE THE NAME. 

Col. Jacob Davis, a proprietor in the 
grants of Montpelier and Calais, selected 
the name of Montpelier for that township, 
as uncommon and not likely to be dupli- 
cated ; and what more probable than, hav- 
ing selected a name from the south of 
France for the more southerly township in 
which he was interested, than that he 
should have selected a name from the 
north of France, Calais, for the northerly 
township. This we think is a solution of 
the question, how did Calais get its name? 
[See remarks of Mr. Tobey to same eff"ect; 
—Ed.] 

The early settlers of Calais, as well as of 
Vermont generally, had in view among 
other objects a more perfect liberty, free- 
dom and independence, and to escape from 
the injustice of a taxation for the support 
of religions in which they did not believe, 
and other Puritan oppressions that pre- 
vailed in Massachusetts and Connecticut, 
from whence Vermont was mainly settled. 

CALALS ITEMS. 

We find the following in the Freevteii's 
Press, the first democratic newspaper es- 
tablished in Montpelier : 

Notice Is hereby given that a petition 
will be preferred to the next legislature of 
Vermont at their next session in Mont- 
pelier, for a grant for a turnpike from the 
river LaMoile, in Hardwick, to Montpelier 
Village, through Woodbury, Calais and 
Montpelier. Caleb Curtis. 

Calais, Aug. 15, 1810. 



CALAIS. 



155 



A singular explosion occurred in the 
northerly part of Calais in the spring of 
1826; near the base of a side hill, a large 
quantity of earth and rock was thrown out, 
leaving a cavity 12 feet in depth, 6 rods in 
length and 40 feet wide. Large trees were 
growing on the spot, which were removed 
with such force as to cause them to fall 
with their tops up the hill, although while 
standing, they leaned down the hill nearly 
30 degrees from a perpendicular. 

The ground was frozen to the depth of 
nearly 2 feet ; large stones, weighing from 
300 to 400 pounds, were thrown 30 rods, 
and one, weighing nearly half a ton, as 
judged, was thrown 8 rods ; the noise of 
tlie explosion was heard at a considerable 
distance. No cause was ever assigned, 
except that of the accumulation of water in 
the fissures of the rocks under the frozen 
surface ; but this seems hardly probable. 

THE OILMAN FAMILY OF CALAIS. 

rUOM THE MEMOKANDUM OF MAUCUS D. GILMAX, 
OF MONTPELIEU. 

Jonathan Oilman was born at Gilman- 
ton. May 31, 1763; lived at Gilmanton, 
N. H., until about 1794-5 ; in 1796, lived 
at Vershire, Vt., where he continued until 
about 1817, when he went to live with his 
son, John, at East Calais, which was his 
home until his death, which occurred at 
Newburyport, Mass., Dec. 5, 1824, while 
he was on a visit to his sons, Daniel and 
Jonathan, at that place, and he was buried 
there. He married Susannah Dudley, 
(probably at Gilmanton) Nov. 9, 1783. 
She was born at Exeter, N. H., 1762, and 
died at East Calais, Dec. 20, 1817; and 
was buried on the East Hill in Calais, near 
the Aaron Lilley place. 

Brothers and Sisters of Jonathan 
Oilman: — Phineas lived in N. H.; Zeb- 
ulon in Chelsea, Vt. ; Joseph lived and 
died in Calais — his son, Lewis, settled in 
Hardwick ; Edward, John and Nicholas 
lived in Strafford ; Levi and Abigail, sister, 
lived in N. H. 

The father of the above is said to have 
kept tavern a long while in Gilmanton. 

Children of Jonathan Oilman and wife, 
Susanna Dudley: Jacob, b. Feb. 24, 



1785, and had children, 9 girls, 2 boys, 
settled in Rochester, N. Y. 

Thomas, b. Aug. 19, 1786, m. and had 
3 daughters and one son, Leonard, a den- 
tist at St. Albans; one dau. md. and. died 
in Underhill. 

Daniel, b. Oct. 13, 1787, d. in Ohio ; 
had sons and daughters. 

John Taylor, father of Marcus D., b. at 
Gilmanton, N. H., July 24, 1791. 

Susan, b. June 25, 1792, m. Dr. Spear, 
of Vershire ; both died there ; had one dau., 
also deceased. 

Betsy, b. Mar. 6, 1794, m. Shadrach 
Weymouth, of Vershire, and died there 
before 1820; left one dau. and one son; 
the dau. Roxy Ann, m. Lyman Cole, an 
artist, and settled in Newburyport, Mass. 
The son, Warren, became a Methodist 
minister, and settled at West Amesbury, 
Mass. 

Sarah, b.* at Vershire, Jan. 1776, m. 
Jedediah Hyde in 18 12, and settled on 
Grand Isle ; had 7 sons and 4 daughters, 
who mostly settled on Grand Isle and Isle 
LaMotte. She died at O. I., Feb. 4, 1863. 

Roxy Ann, b. at Vershire, Oct. 16, 1798, 
m. Nathan Bicknell, Oct. 1825, and re- 
sides at Underhill, Vt. ; had children: 
Anne Eliza, m. to Lucius Mead, lives in 
Essex, Vt. ; Edna and Sidney, twins ; 
Edna not m. ; Sidney, m., clerk in a 
clothing store at Chicago ; Roxy Anne 
died at Burlington, Aug. 29, 1877, at the 
residence of her dau. A. E. Mead. 

Abigail, b. at Vershire, Nov. 22, 1800, 
m. 1st, Sewell Spaulding, and settled in 
Jericho ; 2d, M. Woodworth, and is still 
living in Underhill ; no children. 

Dudley, b. at Vershire, 1802, went to 
sea; died early in Cuba, W. 1. ; not mar- 
ried. 

Jonathan, b. at Vershire, 1806; learned 
the printer's trade at Montpelier; m. and 
.settled in Lowell, Mass., and died there or 
at Newburyport ; 3 children. 

JOHN TAYLOR OILMAN, 

born at Gilmanton, N. H., July 24, 1791, 
studied medicine at Dartmouth Medical 
College in 18 14, and commenced practice 
in 181 5 at East Calais. He married Ruth, 



156 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



daughter of Col. Caleb Curtis, May, 1819; 
children: Marcus Davis, John Melvin, 
[See Col. Curtis' paper, by Mr. Gilm&li, 
before these papers.] Dr. Gilman died 
at East Calais, Feb. 10, 1825. His widow 
man-ied Nath. Eaton, and died at Middle- 
sex, 1865, and was buried in Montpelier 
cemetery. Dr. John Gilman was the pi- 
oneer physician of East Calais, and had a 
large field of practice quite to himself until 
Dr. Chas. Clark, father to the ex-Prof. N. 
G. Clark, of the Vermont University, 
moved into town, who, in order to secure 
his share of practice, "reduced fare," or 
put down the price for his professional calls 
to 25 cents a visit. Dr. G., the estab- 
lished physician, growled a little, but not 
the man to be beaten in that way, down 
went his charges to 25 cents a visit. 
Many are the charges we find on his old 
book, all at 25 cents a visit ; occasionally 
made up to 35 cents for a little medicine 
sold at the time. He maintained his 
ground — succeeded — at his death left a 
handsome property for the day. He died* 
of what was then called lung fever ; at the 
present day, pneumonia. He had an at- 
tack, had but partially recovered, could 
not be deterred from visiting patients call- 
• ing for him, brought on a relapse, and died 
in a few days after. He was simply a 
martyr to his profession ; age, 34 years. 

In looking over a package of old family 
letters, journals, etc., we find Jonathan 
Gilman was found dead in his bed ; died 
suddenly of apoplexy. He was father of 
Dr. John, and grandfather to Marcus D., 
our historical librarian. Dr. John Gilman — 
as he wrote his name, dropping the T. — 
kept a note-book while at Dartmouth Med- 
ical College, in which is given the synopsis 
of every lecture he heard and the name of 
the professor who delivered it. From a 
sheet catalogue of the Medical College for 
1814, we give for benefit of our towns who 
may not have in their papers the record of 
all their early physicians, the Vermont 
names therein : 

Barret, Thomas T., Springfield, Vt. ; 
Bates, Roswell, Randolph ; Brown, Leon- 
ard, Peacham ; Campbell, John, Putney ; 
*Chamberlin, Mellen, Peacham; Elkins, 



Ephraim, Peacham ; *Finny, Alfrid, Lud- 
low ; Fletcher, John, Williamstown ; Gil- 
let, Bezaleel. Hartford ; Goodwin, Jacob, 
Bradford; Hatch, Horace, Norwich; Haz- 
eltine, Laban, Wardsborough ; Jennison, 
Charles, Hartland ; * Leavett, Harvey, 
Hartford ; Martin, Lyman, Peacham ; *New- 
ton, Enos W., Hartford ; Paddock, Wil- 
liam, Barre ; Paddock, Wm. S., Pomfret; 
Page, Alfrid, Barnard ; *Richardson, John 
P., Woodstock; Rogers, Asher A., Thet- 
ford ; Stevens, John, Newbury ; Tewks- 
bury, Hartland ; Tracey, James 2d, Hart- 
ford ; Wait, James, Brandon ; Washburn, 
Hercules, Randolph ; Wheeler, John, West 
Fairlee. 

Whole number of students, 105 ; Ver- 
mont representation in Dartmouth Medical 
College, 1814, as above, 27. 

MARCUS DAVIS GILMAN 

was born at Calais, Jan. 28, 1820. He had 
the misfortune tolosehis father — Dr. John 
Gilman — at 5 years of age. He lived with 
his mother and step-father, Mr. Eaton, on 
a farm in Calais until 15 years of age, 
when he went into Baldwin & Scott's store 
at Montpelier, as clerk, until 21 years of 
age ; then was in business as merchant at 
Northfield, as White, Gilman ^ Co., 2 
years ; then in same business at Montpel- 
ier 2 years, as Ellis, Wilder &-= Co. 

Mr. Gilman married Maria Malleville 
daughter of Hon. Daniel Baldwin, of 
Montpelier, May 10, 1843, and in 1845, 
moved to Chicago, 111., where he resided 
for 23 years, or until 1868 as a merchant; 
children : John Baldwin, born at Chicago, 
July 5, 1847, deceased; Emily Eliza, born 
at Chicago, June 10, 1849, married. 

Sarah Alice, born at Chicago, March 21, 
1851, died at Chicago, March 19, 1853; 
Marcus Edward, born at Chicago, June 26, 
1853, died at Chicago, Nov. 9, 1863. 

The next data in given memorandum : 
"At this time, March, 1870, we are re- 
siding (temporarily it may be) at River- 
side, Auburndale, Mass. Removed to 
Montpelier, Oct. 1871." He now resides 
at Montpelier, where he has been librarian 
of the State Historical Society since 1874, 



* Members of college. 



CALAIS. 



157 



and is corresponding member of six or 
seven State Historical Societies, &c. Mr. 
Oilman has said to us that he graduated at 
the Washington County Grammar School 
at the age of 15 years, and went out into 
the world for himself. In business he ap- 
pears to have been remarkably successful, 
and to have sensibly retired, that he may 
devote himself to his historical tastes. He 
has a very large correspondence ; his his- 
torical offices are a laborious business ; no 
nominal appointments, only, mere compli- 
ments, in his hands, as we may judge from 
the weekly file of letters and communica- 
tions on his table. He is just the one man 
in the State best situated to make a biblio- 
theca for Vermont, and he is doing it, 
several chapters qf which have been al- 
ready published, though by no means the 
most or the best part of it, as we are very 
well prepared to say, having carefully 
looked through the Mss. so far as finished 
up, and the vast amount of material to be 
worked up, and we shall with much interest 
await the appearance of the work when it 
may be published. 

JOHN BALDWIN OILMAN, M. D., 

son of Marcus D., died at his fathers, in 
Montpelier, May 18, 1873, iii his 26th 
year. Naturally cheerful, born to a home 
afiluent with pleasant things, fond of books 
in his early years, his childhood was a 
happy one. At 12, he was entered the 
Rev. Mr. Fay's excellent school for boys, 
at St. Albans, and fitted for college ; was 
next at Lombard University, 111., 3 years ; 
at 17 years, entered Harvard for a full 
course ; graduated in 1868; studied med- 
icine, the German, French and Italian lan- 
guages in Germany 2 years; Feb. 1870, 
returned to Boston, and continued his 
studies at the Boston Medical College. 
The summer following, the Franco-Prus- 
sian war breaking out, the opportunity for 
surgical experience in the military hospi- 
tals was irresistible, and he hastened to 
recross the ocean. On arriving, he was 
appointed by the German authorities to 
the post of assistant surgeon in the Prus- 
sian service, which position he held to the 
end of the war, when, retiring from tlie 



service, he was complimented by the Em- 
peror William with the Decoration of the 
^ron Cross, the first instance, so far as 
known, that an American surgeon has re- 
ceived the honor. Returning to Boston, 
he completed his studies there, and in the 
fall of 1871, commenced the practice of 
his profession in Topeka, Kansas, where 
he rapidly acquired an extensive practice. 
Late in the fall of 1872, small pox ap- 
peared in Topeka. From his experience 
in the military hospitals of Prussia, he felt 
himself especially fitted to deal with it, 
and entered upon the work with great in- 
terest. His treatment was the German 
mode, and attended with remarkable suc- 
cess, and his services were in almost con- 
stant requisition. He acted not only as 
physician, but ministered extensively as 
nurse, and in not a few cases as sexton. 
In this last office — burying the dead at 
midnight — he severely suffered. After the 
epidemic had subsided, he was stricken 
down with varioloid, and pneumonia, be- 
fore he was recovered, set in. He re- 
turned to his father's, in Montpelier, the 
last part of April, a quick consumption 
indelibly fixed upon him, which made rapid 
progress till in the midst of the beautiful 
month of May, in the quiet of the village 
Sabbath, his young, busy, earth-life went 
out. Says his friend, in the Boston Globe 
of May 20th : " Dr. Gilman was greatly 
beloved by his associates for his genial 
and unselfish disposition, as well as ad- 
mired for his brilliant qualities of mind, 
and his numerous friends will condole with 
his family upon a loss they feel personal 
to them as to his own kindred." 

Emily E., the only surviving child of 
Marcus D. Gilman, m.Apr. 13, 1868, Rev. 
Henry I. Cushman, born inOrford, N. H., 
graduated at Dartmouth College, read the- 
ology, and is now pastor of the first Uni- 
versalist church in Providence, R. I. 
Children, Mary Alice, born, Boston, Apr. 
27, 1869; died. Providence, R. I., June 
18, 1877; Ruth, born, Newton, Mass., 
May 29, 1870 ; Robert, born, Boston, Sept. 
18, 1872; Marcus Gilman, born, Montpel- 
ier, July 25, 1875 ; died in Providence, 
R. I., July 18, 1877; Earl Baldwin, born. 



158 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



Providence, R. I., May 5, 1878; died 
there, May 25, 1878. — Ed. 

KENT FAMILY. 

Ezekiel, ist, b. June, 1744, m. Ruth 
Garey, b. Oct., 1748, lived and died in 
Rehoboth, Mass. ; d. in May 1842, wife 
in Dec. 1818; 11 children, two of whom. 
Remember and Ezekiel, settled in Calais. 

Remember, ist, son of Ezekiel ist, b. 
June 1 1, 1775 in Rehoboth, came to Calais 
in 1798; m. Rachel dau. of Capt. Abdiel 
Bliss 1799; settled at what has since been 
known as Kent's Corner, where he cleared 
a large farm and spent the rest of his days. 
He filled various town offices ; was suc- 
cessively ensign, lieutenant and captain in 
the militia, his first commission bearing 
date 1805. He died May 13, 1855, his 
wife Nov. 2, 1843. 

Their children all born in Calais, were 
Remember 2d, b. June, 1799; Rachel 
Bliss, b. Sept. 1800, m. Aaron Tucker. 
Ira, b. April, 1803 ; Abdiel, b. Nov. 1805 ; 
Georgie, b. Sept. 1808; Ezekiel 2d, b. 
May, 181 1 ; John V. R., b. Nov, 21, 1813 ; 
Samuel N., b. Nov. 1817; d. June 1835. 

Remember 2d, m. Jan. 1824, Delia dau. 
of Edward Tucker ; made the first clearing 
on the farm where W. G. Kent now lives ; 
has resided most of his days in Calais, 
working some portion of the time at his 
trade as a mill-wright. His wife died 
April, i860, and he m. Lucy (White) 
widow of John Goodell. He died in Calais 
Feb. 19, 1881. His children, all born in 
Calais, were : Azro, b. May, 1825; Diana, 
b. March, 1830, m. 1854, Enoch H. Vin- 
cent, b. 1820 in Middlesex, farmer ; resides 
in East Montpelier; children Jane K., m. 
William J. Somerville, Fayston, farmer; 
Ella D ; Prentiss J ; Jane, deceased at 18. 

Ira, m. Polly, dau. of Col. Caleb Curtis. 
(See Curtis family) . He has always re- 
sided on his father's old farm ; was consta- 
ble in 1838, post-master some 16 years; 
and from 1837 to '66, he and his brother 
Abdiel were in partnership under the firm 
name of I. & A. Kent, and transacted a 
considerable mercantile and manufacturing 
business. His children all born in Calais : 
Ira Richardson, b. Sept. 3, 1833 ; Amanda 



C, b. Jan. 2, 1838, d. Feb. 18, 1842; 
Rachel Ann, b. April 26, 1839, d. May 28, 
1855; Flora Emogene, b. April 17, 1841, 
d. Sept. 6, 1851 ; LeRoy Abdiel, b. Aug. 
25, 1843. 

Abdiel, when 21 years of age went to 
Nashua, N. H., and worked on the foun- 
dation of the first cotton factory built 
there ; thence to Mass. and learned the 
mason's trade, working at his trade sum- 
mers and teaching school winters, until 
about 1830, he bought in Calais where he 
now lives, and began manufacturing boots 
in a small building where the store now 
stands. This business was continued some 
40 years, at times employing a dozen or 
more men, and for some 20 years harness- 
making was connected, with it. In 1832, 
he enlarged his shop, and put in a small 
stock of staple dry goods and groceries. 
In 1854, the present shoe-shop and store 
were built, and the latter stocked with a 
general assortment of goods, and this 
business was continued by him and the 
firm of I. & A. Kent some 30 years. 

In 1837, he built the brick house where 
he now lives, and kept a hotel there until 
1847. In 1844, in company with others, 
he built the starch-factory near the centre 
of the town, and run it until about 1858. 
In 1847, put iron working machinery in 
the red shop at Maple Corner, where it 
was run by N. W. Bancroft some 4 years. 
He has been a large owner of real estate 
in this and other towns, a woolen-factory, 
mills and hotel at Craftsbury ; built and 
stocked the store in Woodbury, now owned 
by A. W. Nelson, owned for some years 
the Norcross mill in Woodbury, the Ira 
Brown saw-mill in the north-west part of 
Calais, and the old saw-mill at Maple Cor- 
ner. His brother, Ira, was a partner in 
all the above business from 1837 to '66. 
Beside being one of its most active busi- 
ness men, he has held nearly all the offices 
in the gift of the town, and that he has 
served acceptably is shown by his contin- 
ued re-elections, (see lists of town officers.) 
He m. 1st June 7, 1845, Fanny H., dau. 
of Col. Caleb Curtis, who d. Dec, 24, 1854, 
2d, Lucy A., dau. of Vial A. Bliss ; chil- 
dren born in Calais : Murray Abdiel ; Ella 



CALAIS. 



159 



Fanny, m. Arthur B. Bacon, resides in 
Spencer, Mass., merchant ; children : Fred 
K., Fannie L. 

George, son of Remember, m. April 24, 
1835, Mehitable Hill b. Dec. 2, 1807, in 
Cabot ; resides in Calais, a successful far- 
mer ; children: Marcus Newell, b. June, 
1837, George Wallace, April, 1845. M. 
Newell m. May 4, 1862, Hester A. dau. of 
Vial A. Bliss. For several years he re- 
mained upon the farm with his father, 
afterwards engaged in the mercantile pur- 
suit at Worcester Corner, where he died 
Oct. 20, 1876; children, Dora B., Frances. 
G. Wallace, m. May, 1868, Justina A. 
dau. of Kneeland and Caroline Kelton, 
b. in East Montpelier, Sept. 1849, resides 
upon the homestead : children, Alice Glee, 
George, Katie M., Jessie J. 

Murray, son of Abdiel, m. 1870, Ruth 
E., dau of P. S. Bennett, resides in Cal- 
ais ; son Dorman B. E. ; Van R., son of 
Abdiel, m. 1874, Lelia S., dau. of S. H. 
Foster of Calais ; is associated with J. E. 
Bacon of Spencer, Mass., in the manufac- 
ture of boots; child, Marion. 

Ira Richardson, son of Ira; m. 1855, 
Anna E., b. June, 1834, in New York city, 
died Aug. 3, 1856; dau. of William H. and 
Harriet A. Simpson ; child, Nora Anna, 
b. July 28, 1856, d. Oct. 19, 1861. He m. 
Feb. 1870, Inez R., (dau. of Hon. D. W. 
Aiken of Hardwick,) who died June 8, '74- 
"Rich. Kent" as he was familiarly 
known, was a person whom, never pos- 
sessing robust health, was enabled by his 
indomitable will, perseverance, and quick 
perceptive faculties, to accomplish while 
in his younger years an amount of business 
which might only have been expected from 
one of much stronger physique, and ma- 
turer years, and when 20 years of age 
assumed the entire management of the 
mercantile business of I. & A. Kent, which 
he continued for about 6 years, when he 
engaged in buying cattle and horses and 
selling in the Mass. market until 1865 ; 
during which time he filled various town 
offices with acceptance. Dec. 1865, he en- 
tered into a partnership with J. E. Bacon 
of Spencer, Mass., in the manufacturing 
of bobifs of which they did an extensive 



and successful business to the time of his 
death, which occurred in Calais, October 
9, 1875. 

LeRoy a. Kent, son of Ira, m. Feb. 
22, 1875, Blanche S., dau. of S. D. Hol- 
lister of Marshfield, b. May 11, 1852 : son 
I. Rich. b. Oct. 28, 1876, engaged in mer- 
cantile pursuit at Craftsbury, 1 868 to '70 ; 
1873 succeeded B. P. White in the same 
business at Kent's Coi-ner, where he still 
remains ; received appointment of post- 
master in 1873, present incumbent. 

AzRO, son of Remember 2d, m. Nov. 
1849, Hannah S., dau. of Edward and 
Susan Eastman b. in Salisbury, N. H., 
May, 1832. Learned the machinist trade 
at Northfield, and has been employed in 
the Central Vt. R. R. Co. shops since 
1849; since 1863, has been master me- 
chanic and general foreman in their shop 
at St. Albans: children: Edward T., b. 
July 20, 1853, d. May 30, 1859; Ele Mar- 
tha, b. July 20, 1859, d. Aug. 31, 1859; 
EdwardB., b. July, '66, now in Universty at 
Burlington. Azro Ceil, Aug. 1869. 

Prentiss J., son of Remember 2d, m. 
Sept. 1864, Elizabeth M., dau. of Am- 
brose and Sally Atwater of Burlington ; 
worked at the trade of machinist and 
teaching school till 1857 ; graduated from 
the medical Dept. U. V. M., i860; went 
to Michigan and engaged in drug business 
in connection with the practice of medi- 
cine. In 1862, was appointed assistant 
surgeon in the 174th Regt. N. Y. Vols. ; 
was in active service till spring of 1864, 
when by reason of the consolidation of 
174th and i62d regiments he was honora- 
bly discharged ; after which he resumed the 
practice of medicine at Winooski Falls. 
In 1869, health failing, he went to Wor- 
cester, Mass., and invented the " Kent & 
Bancroft self-operating spinning-mule," 
and was engaged for a time in its manu- 
facture and sale ; but returned to Burling- 
ton in 1874, and resumed his profession, 
where he now resides ; children : Osborn 
Atwater, b. in Winooski Falls, Oct. 24, 
1868, d. July 15, 1869; William Henry, b. 
in Woonsocket, R. I., July 2, 1871, d. in 
Burlington July, 1872; Arthur Atwater, b. 
in Smithfield, R. I., Dec. 1873. 



i6o 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



J. V. R. Kent, son of Remember ist, 
b. Nov. 1844, "^- L^iura A., dau. of Col. 
Caleb Curtis, who died Aug. 31, 1851 ; 
Dec. 26, 1856, m. Mrs. Catherine A. 
Morse, dau. of Alpheus J. PjHss ; child, 
Charles v., b. Dec. 1857. Mr. Kent re- 
mained on the old homestead to the age 
of 20 years, when he learned the boot and 
shoe trade with his brothers, I. & A. Kent, 
where he worked about 15 years. For the 
last 12 years he has resided at Maple Cor- 
ner on the farm purchased of Alonzo Tay- 
lor of New York ; has filled nearly every 
office in the gift of the town, many of 
which he held continuously tor many years. 

EzEKiEL, 3d,m. Nov. 13, 1836, Minerva 
Anna, dau. of Col. Caleb Curtis ; a suc- 
cessful farmer ; resided in Calais until 
1872, when he moved to Montpelier, where 
he now resides ; has held town offices be- 
fore and since his removal ; daughter, Alice 
May, b. Mar. i, i84i,m. Nov. 1866, Capt. 
J. O. Livingston; enlisted May, 1862, 
and mustered out July, 1865 as Capt. of 
Co. G. 9th Regt. Vt. Vols. ; was admitted 
to the Lamoille County Bar, May term 
1862, and now practicing his profession m 
Montpelier. 

EATON FAMILY IN CALAIS. 

BY CALEB C. EATON. 

Jacob Eaton, Sr., settled in the South- 
east part of Calais, on Kingsbury''s branch, 
in 1816, with a family of 4 children, Isaac, 
(who 2 years after was killed by the kick 
of a horse), Jacob, Mary Ann and Syl- 
vester C, of whom 2 survive, Jacob and 
Sylvester, the former living on the old 
homestead farm. In 1827, Nathaniel, an 
older son, and Jacob, Jr., bought the farm 
of their father, and they lived together 
until the death of the latter, Feb. 1843, 
aged ']^ years. Nathaniel moved to Mid- 
dlesex, Vt., in March, 1864, where he died 
Feb. 6, 1878, aged 87 years ; 37 years of 
his life having been spent in the town of 
Calais, whither he moved from Hardwick 
at the age of 37 years. While living in 
Calais he was elected State Senator in 
1840 and '41 ; Assistant Judge of County 
Court, 1857, '58 ; justice of the peace con- 
tinuously for 24 years, and was often 
called upon to settle estates ; also, as com- 



missioner to locate, alter and establish 
new roads, and as referee, and to make 
contracts and legal papers. He was a 
useful man in the community in which he 
lived, fearless and outspoken in his views, 
had decided opinions of his own, and the 
ability to maintain them. He was twice 
married ; first, to Ruth Bridgman, in Hard- 
wick, in 18 1 2, by whom he had two chil- 
dren, Dorman Bridgman and Ruth ; the 
latter died in 1849, at the birth of her first 
child. Dorman B. is an eminent lawyer 
in the city of New York, where he located 
in 1850. He has taken an active and in- 
fluential part in reformatory measures in 
in that city, and is one of the leaders in 
favor of civil service reform in this coun- 
try ; has written an exhaustive work upon 
that subject, entitled, "Civil Service in 
Great Britain"; also, a work entitled, 
"The Spoils System, and Civil Service 
Reform in the Custom House and Post- 
office in New York City" ; and numerous 
other works of which I am notable to give 
the titles ; one written during the last 
Presidential campaign entitled, "From 
the Independent Republicans of New York, 
by Junius.'''' He is a graduate of the Vt. 
University ; also of Harvard Law School ; 
educated himself, and came out free from 
debt. He was chairman of the Civil Ser- 
vice Commission, when Geo. Wm. Curtis 
resigned, during Grant's administration. 

Nathaniel Eaton married, 2d, Mrs. Ruth 
(Curtis,) widow of Dr. John Oilman, by 
whom he had one son, Caleb C, born in 
Calais, where he resided till he was 34 
years of age, when he moved to Middlesex, 
living there 16 years; represented that 
town in the Legislature in 1876, ^yj ; was 
justice of the peace 4 years ; lister 3 years, 
and appointed to take the census for that 
town in 1880; in May, 1880, removed to 
Montpelier, where he now resides. 

He married Susan, daughter of Larned 
Coburn, one of the early settlers of East 
Montpelier ; children, 4 ; all daughters ; 
2 died in infancy ; Flora Coburn, born in 
Calais, preceptress in Goddard Seminary, 
Barre, m. Prof. Henry Priest, Principal of 
that institution, Aug. 11, 1881 ; Emily 
Louisa lives with her parents. 



Calais. 



EAST CALAIS PAPERS. 

CONTRIBUTED BY MR. AND MRS. ALBERT DWINELL. 

CAPT. JOSHUA LILLEY 

located at an early day in East Calais, and 
came in possession of the water-power and 
a large tract of land around. He put up a 
saw-mill and a grist-mill where the saw- 
mill now stands, and about 1805, built a 
two-story house on his hill farm, now 
owned and occupied by Levi G. Dwinell. 
Capt. Lilley entered into speculations of 
various kinds, among which was the mer- 
cantile, in which he was unsuccessful and 
had to retrench. In 1812, he sold his hill 
farm to Israel Dwinell, and about the same 
time his mills and other landed property 
passed into the hands of Maj. Nathaniel 
Davis, of Montpelier. 

Maj. Davis, availing himself of the water- 
power facilities, erected various mills, 
among which one for carding wool and 
dressing cloth, a trip-hammer shop, where 
were made scythes and hoes, and a shop 
or manufacturing cut-nails. 

One of the inducements for starting a 
nail factory was the supposition that there 
was iron ore in the ledges a short distance 
west of the village, all of which was true, 
but in the prospecting made, it was not 
found rich enough to pay for working. 
Nails were manufactured about 2 years, 
when it was found freights were too much 
to make the business profitable, and it 
went down, and other business was started, 
cabinet work, clover-mill, potash, etc. The 
business development called workmen and 
residents into the place, and the Major 
put in a store. 

SHUBAEL WHEELER, ESQ., 

son of Bowers Wheeler, of Montpelier, 
(now East Montpelier), married Elsey 
Davis, daughter of Maj. Nathaniel, about 
1 8 14, and in 18 16, they moved to East 
Calais, and occupied a two-story house 
erected by the Major, near where the saw- 
mill now stands. He was a lawyer, the 
first and only one who ever resided in town 
for any length of time. For several years 
he occupied a leading position in the af- 
fairs of the town and County, representing 
the town several times, and was clerk of 



the County Court for several years. He 
was interested in farming to some extent, 
and was partner for some years with Sam- 
uel Rich in mill property, deeded to them 
by Maj. Davis. 

Judge Wheeler was a man of high at- 
tainments, largely endowed by nature, yet 
his love of social pastime was at the ex- 
pense of his financial interests. About 
i860, he went West to make his home with 
his eldest daughter, Emily, the last one 
living of his 8 children — wife of Levi W. 
Wright, formerly of this town, now of 
Merrimac, Wis. 

CAPT. SAMUEL RICH, 

born in N. Montpelier, Oct. 22, 1797, 
married Dolly Davis, dau. of Maj. Na- 
thaniel; came to E. Calais in March, 1824, 
and owned the saw and grist-mills, to- 
gether with 350 acres of land. In 1836, 
he built the two-story house now occupied 
by his son-in-law, Albert Dwinell. In 
1840, he rebuilt the grist-mill now owned 
by Simeon Webb. 

In 1850, he sold the mills and his lands 
to Albert Dwinell, at which time he gave 
up active business. Mr. Rich died June 
12, 1856; Mrs. Rich, Aug. 15, 1841. Capt. 
Rich improved his limited opportunities 
for schooling, and had the advantage of 
one or two terms at the academy. He 
took up the study of surveying, and was 
for many years a practical surveyor. He 
was a man of superior mental endow- 
ments ; strong memory ; well versed in 
history and in politics ; always a staunch 
whig. He had 3 children. The son, 
Samuel D., has been an invalid from his 
youth ; the eldest daughter, Irene D., was 
married to Albert Dwinell, Apr. 10, 1845 ; 
Dolly A., the second daughter, married 
Joseph W. Leonard, and resides on the 
Leonard farm. 

ISRAEL DWINELL AND FAMILY. 

CONTRIBUTED BY L. G. DWINELL. 

Israel Dwinell, one of the early set- 
tlers of Calais, born in Croydon, N. H., 
Oct. 8, 1785; Apr. I, 1813, married Phila 
Oilman, of Marshfield, and on the same 
day moved to Calais, to a farm on the 
East Hill, where he resided until his death, 



1 62 



Vermont historical magazine. 



Feb. 20, 1874. His wife, born in Hart- 
ford, Ct., Sept. 17, 1793, died June i, 
1S64. They had 10 children, all born in 
the same house into which they moved 
the day they were married. In the midst 
of hardships which they had in common 
with all early settlers, they found means 
and disposition to give their children ad- 
vantages which few of their day enjoyed, 
two of their sons obtaining a collegiate 
education ; the others enjoying advantages 
above the most. Shortly after settling in 
life they made a profession of religion, and 
were for many years connected with the 
church known as " the Marshfield and 
Calais Church." In later years they were 
connected with the Christian Church of 
the town, they "dying as they had lived, 
strong in the faith of the Gospel," as said 
Rev. Mr. Sherburn in the funeral sermon 
of Mr. Dwinell. 

Alcander Dwinell. son of Israel, was 
born Feb. 2, 1814, married Sarah Cheney, 
Jan. 31, 1849, in Lowell, Mass., where he 
lived a few years, and removed to Brook- 
lyn, N. Y., where he now resides. He 
has one son, William Alcander, who mar- 
ried Julia Jaquith, of Brooklyn, and lives 
with his father. 

Ira S. Dwinell, son of Israel, born 
Jan. 27, 18 16, married Clarina H. Pearce, 
Oct. II, 1842, setded and still lives in 
East Calais. They have had 2 sons ; the 
first died in infancy ; the second, Byron 
Lee, graduated at Goddard Sem., Barre ; 
graduated at Tufts College, class of 1876, 
and at Boston University School of Med- 
icine at the age of 28 ; married Ada Bar- 
ron, settled in Taunton, Mass., practicing 
medicine. 

Solon, son of Israel, b. 1818, d. at 2^ 
years, the first grave in the East Calais 
cemetery. 

Israel Edson Dwinell, son of Israel, 
born Oct. 24,1820, " began to fit for college 
in the Academy at Randolph Center, Sept. 
1836; taught school in Calais, winter of 
1837 ; in Calais or Montpelier each winter 
but one till graduated from college ; fin- 
ished for college at Montpelier Academy, 
1837, '8 and '9; entered the University of 
Vt., Burlington, 1839; graduated in 1843; 



taught in Martin Academy, East Ten- 
nessee, 1843-5, 20 months ; entered Union 
Theo. Sem., N. Y. City, 1845 ; graduated 
from Un. Theo. Sem., 1848; married Re- 
becca Eliza Allen Maxwell, in Jonesboro, 
East Tennessee, Sept. 12, 1848 ; was home 
missionary, under the A. H. M. Society in 
Rock Island, 111., 7 ms., 1848-9; began to 
preach in Salem, Mass., the spring of 
1849; was ordained as colleague pastor 
with Rev. Brown Emerson, D. D., Nov. 
22, 1849; dismissed. May, 1863; began 
preaching in Sacramento, Cal., July i, 
1863 ; installed pastor of the First Congre- 
gational Church of Christ, Sacramento, 
Cal., July 10, 1864, where I now am. 

I. E. P." 

Albert Dwinell, b. Jan. 15, 1823, m. 
Irene D. Rich, Apr. 10, 1845, and settled 
in Moscow, East Calais, owning a large 
farm, and has also been in the mercantile 
business ; has been elected to both branches 
of the State Legislature ; has 3 sons : ist 
Frank Albert, graduated at Barre Acad- 
amy; m. Harriet A. Hammett ; settled in 
Plainfield in the mercantile business ; has 
been a member of the State Legislature 
from that town. 2d, Clarence Rich, 
graduated at Barre Academy; m. Ella H. 
Hammond, and is in the mercantile bus- 
iness at East Calais. 3d, Dell Burton, 14 
years of age. 

Melvin Dwinell, son of Israel, b. July 
9, 1825, gives the following: " Fitted for 
college mostly at MontiDelier Academy ; 
entered the University of Vermont in 1845 ; 
graduated Aug. 1849: was principal of 
People's Academy, Morrisville, 2 years ; 
came to Georgia in the fall of 185 1 ; taught 
in Hamilton, Ga., i year; taught 2 years 
in Macon Co., Ala. ; Jan. i, 1853, bought 
half in the Rome (Ga.) Courier \ a year 
after, bought the other half; have pub- 
lished the Rome Courier continuously from 
Jan. I. 1855, to this time (1881) except 
from May 18, 1864, to Sept. i, 1865. May 
18, 1864, the Federal troops took posses- 
sion of Rome, and I left. They used my 
material and stock on hand, and when they 
left, utterly destroyed everything in my 
office except one job-press, which they 
carried off. I was mustered into the Con- 



CALAIS. 



163 



federate army at Richmond, Va., Mar. 28, 
1 861, as 2d lieut. for the war; was pro- 
moted to 1st lieut. in March, 1862 ; was in 
the first and second battle of Manassas ; 
actually engaged two days of the seven in 
the fights around Richmond, from June 
28 to July 25, 1862 ; was in the first battle 
of Fredericksburg and the Gettysburg, be- 
sides 20 or 30 smaller engagements and 
skirmishes. The only wound received was 
a gun-shot wound in the upper left arm at 
the battle of Gettysburg. From this wound 
I was disabled some 2 months. After I 
returned to my command, in Nov. 1863, I 
was elected one of the two representatives 
from my (Floyd) county to the State 'Leg- 
islature, which exempted me from military 
duty, and I resigned my commission, and 
that ended my military service, except 
that I served as adjutant, with the rank of 
captain, for a short time in the spring of 
1864, under Gen. A. R. Wright, in com- 
mand of State troops. After the close of 
the war, I returned to Rome, Ga., arriving 
here May 25, 1865, and found that my en- 
tire assets consisted of $22.50 in gold in 
my pocket, and the debris of a printing 
establishment, once worth $10,000, esti- 
mated at $300 ; but I went to work getting 
up from the ruins, and soon got type 
enough to print small circulars, hand-bills, 
etc., using a planer and mallet for lack of 
a press. I soon hired a small press, and 
Sept. I, got out a small weekly paper. I 
was soon on my feet again, and have since 
done a fair business. In the summer of 
1875, I went to California; visited on the 
trip, Salt Lake City, the Va. City gold and 
silver mines, the valley of Yosemite, etc. 
In 1876, I made a trip to the East, visit- 
ing London, Paris, Brussels, Venice, Rome, 
Herculaneum, Pompeii ; ascended Vesu- 
vius ; lit my cigar in the crater ; saw Alex- 
andria, Cairo, the Red Sea, Jerusalem, 
Damascus, etc. I have recently published 
a volume descriptive of my travels, en- 
titled, ' Common Sense Views of Foreign 
Lands.'" 

Levi Gilman, son of Israel, b. Nov. 3, 
1827, m. Louise M. Kennan, Sept. 3, 1857, 
dau. of P. Kennan, adopted by A. Alden ; 
settled on the old homestead, in East 



Calais, where I now live ; have 3 children : 
Julia Louise, m. Nov. 12, 1879, to Charles 
P. Hollister, of East Montpelier, where 
they now live ; Maurice Kennan entered 
Boston University School of Medicine, 
Oct. 1880; Mary Avis, 14 years of age. 

Jane Phila, daughter of Israel and 
Phila Dwinell, b. May 8, 1830, m. John 
Gardner Hale, at East Calais, Sept. 28, 
1852, Rev. W. T. Herrick and Rev. I. S. 
Dwinell officiating ; children of Jane P., 
Harriet Amelia, Jennie Norton, b. in 
Grass Valley, Cal. ; Edson Dwinell, b. in 
Lyndon, Vt. ; Mary Gilman, Ellen Fran- 
ces, b. in East Poultney. 

Harriet A., educated at Mrs. Worces- 
ter's, Burlington, Tilden Sem., N. H., 
and graduated at Carlyle Petersilea's Music 
School, in Boston ; has taught music at 
Tilden Seminary, the People's Academy, 
Morrisville, and elsewhere. Jennie N. 
graduated at Mt. Holyoke Female Sem. in 
1876. -Edson D., prepared at St. Johns- 
bury Academy in 1878, has entered Am- 
herst College. 

Wait Byron, son of Israel, b. May, 
1839, d. June, 1848; Edgar, son of Israel, 
b. Feb. 1837, d. June, 1837. 

' ALDEN FAMILY. 

BY MR. AND MUS. ALBERT DAVINELL. 

Asa Alden, born in Natick, Mass., in 
1794, came to Vermont, 1817; married 
Avis Snow, of Montpelier. He and his 
wife were among the first who came to 
East Calais, and settled in Moscow in 
1819. He was the village blacksmith about 
30 years, in which occupation he had, the 
misfortune to lose one eye. For 20 years 
he was the first hotel-keeper at this place, 
and held the post-office 27 years, and other 
offices of public trust. Reared under Con- 
gregational discipline, his sympathies were 
ever in that direction, and while there was 
no such organized church in town, he yet 
lived to all appearance the life of a quiet 
and exemplary Christian . We well remem- 
ber him at the earlier church services and 
singing-schools, held in the school-house, 
he being the only one who discoursed bass 
on a big viol for miles around. He died 
here. May 2, i38o, aged 86. 



164 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



His widow survives, in her 8ist year, 
(1881) living with their youngest and only 
surviving daughter, Lydia Ann, in the 
same house they at first occupied, and 
which is now the oldest dwelling in the 
village ; built by Capt. Caleb Putnam about 
1818. 

Isaac ALDEN,nailor and merchant, came 
to East Calais in 181 5 ; married for his 2d 
wife, Hannah Snow, of Montpelier. Geo. 
Alden, nailor, came in 18 16; both broth- 
ers of Asa Alden. 

On the west side of the stream, next 
door neighbor to Mr. Alden, lived 

JONATHAN HERRICK, 

shoemaker, an honest, temperate, indus- 
trious man, and his wife, Drusilla Cole, 
who deserves mention among the early 
settlers, living in Moscow, East Calais, 
from about 1825 till 1847, when they moved 
to Cabot. Mrs. Herrick died in 1880. 
For some years Mr. Herrick took the 
lead in singing here, and his two old- 
est children, Lucius and Caroline, were 
among the best spellers in Moscow. 

THE DRS. OF CALAIS. 

Dr. Samuel Danforth, the first phy- 
sician of Calais, came to this town in 1800. 
He lived liere most of the time until his 
death, in 181 1 or 1812. 

Dr. Stephen Corey came in 1812; 
was in town but a short time. 

Dr. Jonathan Eaton came in 1812, and 
remained 3 years. 

Dr. Nathaniel B. Spaulding came about 
i8ig, and was here in 1832. 

Dr. John Gilman came in 1815, a man 
of marked abilities in his profession. [See 
Gilman Family.] 

Dr. Charles Clark came in 1825; re- 
moved to Montpelier in 1840. 

Dr. Asa George came in March, 1825, 
and died in Aug. 1880, a man of marked 
character and ability, and a leading man 
in his profession. 

Dr. William S. Carpenter came in 1841, 
and left in 1842. 

Dr. E. S. Deming came to Calais from 
Cornish, N. H., in 1843, located at Kent's 
Corner, and married Maria, dau. of Pliny, 
son of Colonel Curtis ; afterwards lived 



where Dr. Harris now lives ; was repre- 
sentative one year ; was a man of sterling 
integrity and a successful physician ; moved 
to Cambridge in 1854. 

Dr. M. Ide came in 1854, and removed 
to Stowe in 1875. He was town clerk 
many successive years, and held other 
town offices. 

Dr. G. H. Gray came in 1868, and still 
resides in town. 

Dr. Harris came about 1880. 

Drs. Gleason, Tilton, Tobey and others 
here for indefinite times. 

college graduates of CALAIS. 

I.E. Dwinell, M. Dwinell, D. B. Eaton, 
Calvin Short, C. L. Goodell, University 
of Vt. ; Dr. B. L. Dwinell, Harley N. 
Pearce, Tufts College, Mass. ; A. N. Bliss, 
University of Michigan ; Miss Laura A. 
Kent, Miss Ellen Cox, Miss Eva Darling, 
Antioch, Ohio. F. B. Fay entered Harvard 
in 1879; ^- Cate entered Tufts in 1876; 
C. L. Wood, a lawyer in Chicago. 

Mrs. Hartshorn celebrated her hun- 
dredth birthday in Calais. 

EAST CALAIS FIRE. 

BY CLAREMCE R. DWINELL. 

Sept. 5, 1873, 12 o'clock p. M., 20 min- 
utes, the little village of East Calais was 
aroused by alarm of fire. The basement 
of the building of W. H. Ridout, used on 
the first floor as a tin-shop by Wing & 
Ridout, was in flames, to subdue which 
was unavailing. The fire had so burned 
through the floor above, it was impossible 
to remove the stock of goods and tools. 
The second floor was occupied by the fam- 
ilies of W. H. Ridout and Alonzo Batch- 
elder, who were able to save but little of 
furniture and clothing. 

The fire spread to P. F. Whitcher's 
barn, the next building south, which with 
its contents was completely destroyed ; 
thence to the boot and shoe store of D. B. 
Fay, whose stock was partly removed ; 
next to the hotel property of Phineas 
Wheeler, which was entirely consumed ; a 
good hotel building, which had been re- 
cently much enlarged and improved ; two 
large barns, sheds and out-buildings ; 



CALAIS. 



i6s 



thence to the shop of A. N. Goodell, a 
quick victim to the flames. 

Only by the untiring efforts of the cit- 
izens, the fire was kept from crossing to 
the east side of the street, and to the new 
dwelling of Z. G. Pierce, just south of the 
hotel. This fire was a severe loss to the 
village. It has not yet fully recovered 
from its effects, and the hotel has not been 
replaced. 

REMARKABLE PRESERVATION. 

BY I. D. DWINELL. 

In the year 1866, the months of Aug. 
and Sept. were marked for the unusual 
amount of rain which fell "in these parts," 
which, culminating about the 21st of Sept., 
we were disposed to call it the line storm. 
The falling torrents had raised the trib- 
utary streams and Kingsbury branch to a 
flood of rushing waters. Rev. Mr. Lis- 
combe, a Methodist minister, who with 
his family sojourned with us 6 months, 
preaching occasionally (as oppoitunity al- 
lowed) the morning of the 22d, was stand- 
ing on the center of the foot-bridge at the 
head of Moscow falls, viewing the great 
rush of water, when the upper dam par- 
tially gave way, and the bridge started. 
He gave one leap up stream, and bridge 
and man went over the falls, a distance of 
300 feet — 75 feet perpendicular — over three 
dams ; and for a wonder to everybody, he 
came out alive, bearing cuts and bruises, 
but not seriously injured ; ruining, how- 
ever, his overcoat and losing his hat. 

Oct. 28, he preached his farewell sermon 
here, and the Monday following, started 
with his family for Wisconsin ; not with- 
out getting a new hat and coat and about 
$50 as a parting gift. His daughter, who 
came here a widow of seventeen, was mar- 
ried Sept. 26 to Henry Goodell, one of our 
young townsmen. 

East Calais boasts of a young man, a 
graduate of Tufts College in 1880, who 
taught our district school, in the winter of 
1881 ; Harley Nelson Pearce, who at the 
time of his birth, March, 1855, had twelve 
living grand-parents, six on his father's, 
and six on his mother's side. The latest 
surviving grand-parent was Judge Alonzo 



Pearce, who died July 25, 1879, aged 8oi 
years. 

LONGEVITY OF CALAIS. 

BY AM ASA TUCKKK, AGED 75. 

Persons deceased in town who were 70 
years of age and over : 

Darius Slay ton, aged 90 years; Amasa 
Tucker, 90; Reuben D. Waters, 91 ; Wel- 
come Ainsworth, 91 ; Luther Ainsworth 
88 ; Lyman Daggett, 95 ; Howe Wheeler 
92 ; George Ide, 93 ; Gideon Hicks, Jr. 
95 ; James Nelson, 93 ; Reuben Wilbur 
94 ; Stephen Hall, 92 ; Barnabas Doty, 92 
Squire Jennings, "]"] ; Jared Wheelock 
87 ; Pardon Janes, 82 ; John White, 89 
Asahel Pearce, 87 ; Alonzo Pearce, 80 
Benjamin Gray, 82 ; Jonathan Tucker, 83 
Asa George, 82 ; Thomas Stanton, 83 
Ezekiel Sloan, 88; John Martin, Jr., 86 
Aaron Bailey, over 80 ; Edmond Willis 
over 80 ; Daniel Young, 86 ; Bachus Pearce 

87 ; Samuel Fay, 83 ; Samuel Mackus, 88 
Thomas Cole, 85 ; Gideon Hicks, Sr., 75 
Israel Dwinell, 88 ; Abijah Wheelock, 82 
Asahel Pearce, 87 ; Nathan Bancroft, 82 
Samuel Robinson, 85 ; Jabez Mower, 84 
Jonathan Pray. 81 ; Ebenezer Cox, 81 
Mason Wheeler, 81 ; Joseph Brown, 82 
Remember Kent, 80 ; Remember Kent 
Jr., 81 ; Luther Morse, 82 ; Calvin Callier 
82 ; Welcome Wheelock, 80 ; Thos. Hath- 
away, 84 ; Samuel Fuller, 84 ; Joshua Bliss, 
2d, 84 ; John Martin, 84 ; Jonathan Dudley, 
84; Luther Ainsworth, 88; Joshua Lilley, 

88 ; Gideon Wheelock, 80 ; Jason Marsh, 
80 ; Abram Hawkins, 83 ; Bucklin Slayton, 
80; Willard Rideout, 86; Elijah Nye, 87; 
Sabin Ainsworth, 76; Edmund Willis, 86; 
Moses Ainsworth ; — Jacob Ainsworth, 
85; Mercy Ainsworth, 86; Jason Marsh, 
80 ; Amos Jennings, 82 ; Daniel Young, 
86; David Thayer, 80; David Daggett, 
80 ; Sylvester Jennings, 82 ; Edia Fair, 80 ; 
Beniah Short, T^) ! John Eddy, 76 ; Elias 
Smith, 70; Aaron Lamb, 75; Nathan 
Parker, 71 ; John White, Jr., 78 ; Geo. W. 
Foster, 70; Chas. Dudley, 76; John Em- 
erson, 75 ; Willard Bugbee, 79 ; John Dick- 
erson, 70 ; Noah Pearce, 74 ; Jacob Eaton. 
Sr., 'j'j ; Chas. Slayton, 71 ; Chancy Spauld- 
ing, 70; Jes.sa Slayton, 78; Simeon Slay- 



1 66 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



ton, TJ \ Seth Done, 71 ; Shubael Short, 
79 ; Phineas Goodnough, 74 ; Bucklin Slay- 
ton, 80 ; John Cochran, 74 ; Britian Whee- 
lock, 72; Silas Wheelock, 70; Rev. V. G. 
Wheelock, 71 ; Stephen Pearce, 74; Noah 
Clark, 75 ; Nehemiah Merritt, ^2, ; Aaron 
Lilley, 74 ; Thomas Foster, 76 ; Frederick 
Bliss, 'J'] ; Jeremiah Cummings, 76 ; Perez 
Wheelock, 76 ; Asa Wheelock, 75 ; David 
Fair, 79 ; Squire Jennings, 78 ; Aaron 
Wheeler, 78 ; Adams White, 71 ; Reuben 
Pray, 72 ; Thomas Pray, 75 ; Jesse White, 
74; Horace Ainsworth, 70; Hosea Ellis, 
'J'] ; Nathaniel Hersey, 78 ; R. W. Tobey, 
'j'^ ; Caleb Bliss, 79 ; Sabin Ainsworth ; 
Jonas Hall, 73 ; Isaac Wells, "j}, ; Stephen 
Martin, 76 ; Ezekiel Kent, T}, ; Lewis Wood, 
'jy ; Ezekiel Burnham ; William Bruce ; 
Joshua Bliss ; Peter Nelson ; Wm. Abbott ; 
Benj. Bancroft; Salem Wheelock; Amos 
Wheelock; Vial A. Bliss, 75; John J. 
Willard ; Caleb Mitchell ; Lemuel Perry, 
TJ ; Jed'ah Fay ; Sally Lamb, 95 ; Rachel 
Bliss, 93 ; Esther Kendall, 93 ; Sarah Os- 
good, 93; Sarah Wood, 91 ; Amy M. A. 
Wheeler, 91 ; Mrs. Jas. Nelson, 91 ; Nancy 
Wright, 93 ; Mercy Willis, 94 ; Polly Janes, 
80; Margaret Ainsworth, 93; Julia John- 
son, 90 ; Polly Wheelock, 85 ; Hannah 
Haskell, 80 ; Grace Jennings, 79 ; Polly 
Kent, 76; Elvira White, 74; Alfrida 
White, 73 ; Mary Curtis, ']'>) ; Almira Bliss, 
T}^ ; Catherine Robinson, 74 ; Charity 
Mower; Mary Jarvis, 72; Polly Marsh; 
Sally Wheelock, 'j'] ; Nancy Hall, T^i \ Car- 
oline Wright, Tj ; Phebe Bancroft, 74 ; 
Mrs. Joseph Brown ; Mrs. Rufus Green; 
Sally Marsh, ^-j ; Eliza Nye, "]"] ; Sarah 
Mitchell ; Lucy Ainsworth, 75 ; Polly Fay, 
72 ; Elanor Doane ; Rachel Robinson, 78 ; 
Polly Janes, 79 ; Jane Hathaway, 74 ; Sally 
White, ']'>) ; Hannah Guernsey, 79 ; Polly 
Haskell, 79 ; Relief Eddy, 72 ; Emeline 
Cole, 71 ; Lydia Gray, 78; Betsey Stan- 
ton, 70 ; Catherine White, 71; Rowena 
Wheelock, 70 ; Polly Dudley, 78 ; Joanna 
Smith, 79 ; Jerusha Emerson, 72 ; Jerusha 
Sloan, 78 ; Lydia Eaton, 75 ; Amy Parker, 
"n ; Deborah Slayton, 75 ; Betsey Slayton, 
72 ; Cynthia Wheelock, over 70 ; Eleanor 
Done ; Hannah Jennings, over 70 ; Mary- 
Short, 79 ; Roba Pierce, over 70 ; Sally 



Cochran, j-j ; Cyrena McKnight,73 ; Rachel 
Reed, 76; Hannah Turner, 71; Rebecca 
Mackus, -]■] ; Mercy Cole, 78 ; Sally Hicks, 
74; Phila Dwinell, 71 ; Polly Gilman, T}) \ 
Mrs. Johnson, over 80; Widow Brown; 
Mrs. Samuel Robinson, 84; Lucy Ains- 
worth, 72 ; Alfrida Leonard, 80 ; Lydia 
Eaton, 70; Hannah Bliss, over 70 ; Azu- 
bah Tucker, 87; Hannah Ainsworth Per- 
ry, over 80 ; Sally Tucker, over 70 ; Phila 
Hathaway, 82. 

Mrs. Esther Kendall and Mrs. Sarah 

Osgood, aged 93, were twin sisters, and 

died within about two months of each 
other. 

OLD PEOPLE OF CALAIS 

now living, over 70 years of age, July, 1881 : 
Salem Goodnough, 82 ; Aaron Tucker, 
86; Hosea Brown, 81; Joseph Whiting, 
82; Kelso Gray; Elijah S. Jennings, 81 ; 
Henry Sumner, 80 ; Jacob Eaton, 80 ; E. C. 
M'Loud ; John Robinson ; Rachel Tucker, 
81 ; Rispah Cox, 81 ; Lucy Kent, 81 ; Mary 
Abbott, 86; Sarah Ormsbee, 83; Polly 
Foster ; Avis Alden, 80 ; Ira Ellis, Ardin 
Martin, Ira Kent, Abdiel Kent, George 
Kent, Harvey Ainsworth, Orin Davis, 
Willard Nourse, Joseph Persons, James S. 
Daggett ; Amasa Tucker, 75 ; Caleb Bliss, 
Jerra Slayton, Isaac Davis, Chas. B. 
Marsh, Alonzo Stowe, Thos. J. Ormsbee, 
Thos. J. Porter, Jacob White, Jonas G. 
Ormsbee, Mason W. Wright; Lemuel 
Perry, 75 ; Henry Fay, Quincy A. Wood, 
Benjamin King ; Sally Fuller, 87 ; Betsey 
Webster, 81 ; Mary Morse, 81 ; Millicent 
Parker, 87 ; Sarah Mann ; Rhoda Goodell, 
83 ; Deborah D. Little, Mehitable Kent, 
Sarah Bancroft, Louisa Bliss, Rutli Mer- 
ritt, Chloe Guernsey ; Mary Cochran, 74 ; 
Sarafina Fay, Polly Martin, Polly Pierce, 
Susan Wells, Polly Sumner, Fanny Thayer, 
Harriet Bruce, Caroline Wright, Eliza 
Stowe, Rowe, P. S., S. F. Jones, Berthana 
Hockett, Lydia Brown ; Lucy Hammond, 
']^ ; Lydia Slayton, 70 ; Betsey Martin, 72 ; 
Marilla Perry, 73. 

Sixteen persons have committed suicide 
in town, and 6 persons out of the town 
who formerly lived here. 

There have been 14 saw-mills in town. 



CALAIS. 



167 



8 grist-mills, 2 potasheries, 7 distilleries 
and 10 cider-mills. 

[The town of Calais and State of Ver- 
mont are indebted to our aged contributor, 
Mr. Tucker, for the longest longevity list^ 
both of the dead and. living, received from 
any town yet in the State. — Ed.] 

ACCIDENTAL DEATHS, ETC. 

CO.NTKIBUTKI) BY ALLEN MOKSE. 

Joel Marsh was drowned in 1856, at the 
time he was helping to roll a lot of logs 
into Wheelock pond, getting entangled 
in them. 1839, Nathaniel Bancroft was 
drowned at Montpelier, during the great 
freshet of that year. S. Gaius Ainsworth 
was killed by a colt he was breaking ; the 
animal reared, and falling on him, so in- 
jured him that he died, 1858 or '9 ; Nelson 
Mower was killed about 1855, while draw- 
ing rails on a lumber wagon, one of them 
slipping from the axles, striking one end 
into the ground, and cast back so as to fall 
upon his head, with fatal results. 

June 15, 1873, Lafayette Teachout and 
wife and their little daughter, Dell, about 
6 years old, Mrs. Amasa MacKnight and 
Miss Anna Tobey were drowned in Whee- 
lock pond. They, in company with 18 
others, were out for a boat-ride, when the 
boat spnmg a sudden leak, and filled and 
sank. By the exertions of a few persons 
who witnessed the terrible accident, 18 
out of the 23 were rescued from what 
seemed certain death for all. 

1879, ^ ^O" of Otis Gray was killed by 
the caving in of a sand-bank, under which 
he was playing with some schoolmates. 
He was about 8 years old. James Jen- 
nings was frozen to death in 1794, [See 
record by Mr. Tobey] and 9 have died in 
town by suicide. 

Murders. — Rial Martin, a half-foolish, 
half-crazy person, shot and killed Jenner- 
son Wheelock and Lucius Ainsworth, July 
16, 1858, for which crime he was tried the 
following year, and sentenced to be hung ; 
but on account of his mental conditions, 
his sentence was changed to imprisonment 
at hard labor for life. He died at Wind- 
sor about 2 years after his sentence. Royal 
S. Carr, murdered a half-breed Indian, 



WiUiam Murcommock, Dec. 11, 1878, for 
which he was tried, found guilty, and sen- 
tenced to be hung the last Friday in April, 
1 88 1, and suffered in accordance with his 
sentence. These, it is believed are all the 
violent deaths that have occurred in Calais. 

DIPHTHERIA IN TEN DAYS. 

In one family, died, Aug. 26, Truman 
Doty, aged 17 years, 10 months and 17 
days. Aug. 31, Mortimer D. Doty, aged 
12 years, 8 months and 13 days. Aug. 31, 
Rinaldo C. Doty, aged 47 years and 5 days. 
Sept. 4th, Millard F. Doty, aged 9 years, 
I month and 10 days ; four members of 
one family in ten days, a father and three 
sons carried to the grave almost in one 
week ; — and the mother sick at the time of 
their death. Other instances very sad 
might be given, but this will suffice to 
mark, we have felt this scourge, in com- 
mon with so many towns in the State, dur- 
ing the last 20 years. 

KILLED IN BATTLE 

May 5th, 1864, William H. Stowe, of 
Calais, aged 25 years. This young man 
was the first in town to respond to his 
country's call for three years' men, and en- 
listed into the Second Vermont Regiment, 
of which he continued a brave and hon- 
ored member, beloved and respected by 
all his comrades. His term of service 
having nearly expired, he was fondly an- 
ticipating a speedy return home. But 
instead of his welcome presence, came the 
sad intelligence he was shot in battle in 
the afternoon of the first day's terrible 
fighting in the Wilderness. His funeral 
was attended in Calais, on Sunday, June 
5th. A large congregation assembled to 
testify their respect to his memory. 

FRANCIS WEST AND DESCENDANTS. 

In Jan. 1787, Francis West, of Roch- 
ester, Mass., bought the entire right of 
Ebenezer Allen, one of the proprietors of 
Calais, and the next March began clearing 
his 2d div. lot, now owned by Aro P. Slay- 
ton. In the summer of 1788, he built upon 
it, and March, 1789, moved there, and 
made it his home while he remained in 
town. A deed, dated Sept. 1796, gives 
his residence as Montpelier, and in July, 



1 68 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



1797, he disposed of the last of his land in 
Calais. 

His children born in Calais were : Free- 
man, b. Oct. 1789, the first child born in 
town, died young, and was buried in the 
burying-ground east of Caleb Bliss' ; Sarah, 
b. 1 79 1, married Smith Bennett, who 
worked at tanning in Calais from 1830 
until his death, in 1859. His wife died in 
1842, and he afterward married Maria, 
daughter of Alexander and Polly (Tobey) 
White ; his children : Catherine Bennett, 
b. i8i8,m. Forbes Jones, resided in Calais ; 
Philip Sidney Bennett, b. 1820, m. ist, 
Ruth, daughter of Nathaniel and Ruth 
Eaton, and 2d, Sarah A Cochran ; resides 
in Calais, a successful farmer. His daugh- 
ter Ruth m. Murray A. Kent. 

Mary W. Bennett, b. 1828; L. Austin 
Bennett, b. 1833, enlisted July 21, 1862; 
died Feb. 19, 1863. 

MOSES STONE. 

In 1788, Nehemiah Stone, of Charlton, 
Mass., one of the proprietors of Calais, 
deeded his 2d div. lot (No. 28) to his son, 
Moses Stone. The next spring Moses 
came to Calais with Abijah and Peter 
Wheelock, and built upon his lot, now the 
J. W. E. Bliss farm. He returned to 
Charlton in the fall, and the next spring, 
1789, came back with Abijah Wheelock, 
Samuel Twiss, and families. In Jan. 1794, 
lot No. 28 was deeded to Jonas Comings, 
and soon after Stone left town. 

SAMUEL TWISS. 

Samuel Twiss and wife came to Calais 
in the spring of 1789, and probably occu- 
pied the house built by Moses Stone the 
previous year. In company with Col. 
Davis, he built the mills near the center of 
the town in 1793, and became quite a land- 
holder in town, but in 1794 or '5 removed 
to Coit's Gore, now Waterville, Vt. 

ROBINSON. 

Capt. Samuel, son of Josiah and Anna 
(Barton), b. July 24, 1742, in Spencer, 
Mass., m. Molly Hammond, and settled in 
Charlton, Mass. ; was one of the propri- 
etors of the town of Calais, and a member 
of the committee that surveyed the town in 
1783 and '6, but did not reside here until 



1808, when he built the house where Capt. 
A. J. Mower now lives, and resided there 
until his death, Oct. 29, 1827 ; children : 
Joel, b. 1772; Anna, b. 1776, m. Col. 
tialeb Curtis ; Samuel, b. 1779, died un- 
married ; Lydia, b. 1783, taught school the 
summer of 1801, in Remember Kent's 
barn, m. Jacob Wilson, and settled in 
Spencer, Mass., where they reared a large 
family. Their son Hazary P. resided some 
20 years in Calais; William, b. 1785; 
Polly, b. 1787, m. Nathaniel Bancroft; 
James, b. 1790, d. 18 14 : Cynthia and Sally, 
b. 1793; Cynthia d. 1814, and was the 
first person buried in the Robinson burying- 
ground ; Sally m. Sherman Oilman. 

Joel, son of Capt. Samuel, m. Rachel 
Stevens. He came to Calais in 1795, and 
the next year bought the i6o-acre lot N. 
of Kent's Corner, at tax sale for 15s., 
made it his home and died there, 1832. 
His wife died, 1854; children: Lydia, b. 
1797, m. Dwight Marsh; Eri, b. 1799, 
died 1803; John, b. 1801 ; Levi, b. 1803; 
Elon, b. 1809; Hiram, b. 1812. 

Isaac, son of Capt. Samuel, m. Julia 
Harwood, in 1808, and soon after settled 
on the lot north of his brother Joel's, 
where he died July, 1826; children: Julia 
M., b. 1809, m. Luke Stratton ; Harriet 
H., b. 1811, m. Oliver Mower; Emeline, 
b. 1815, died young; Samuel O., b. 1816, 
m. Harriet (Arnold) Simpson. He learned 
harness-making, worked in Montpelier, 
Albany and Troy, N. Y., and in Boston; 
in 1872, bought the mills near the center 
of Calais, and has been town clerk and 
treasurer since 1876. 

D. Azro A. Buck, b. 1823, m. Josephine 
Burnett ; settled in Columbus, O., engaged 
in mercantile pursuits. His son, Edward 
Lyon, b. 1857, is a gradeate of :New Haven, 
Conn. Law School. 

William, son of Capt. Samuel, m. Eunice 
Blashfield, came to Calais {1808, began 
on Maple Corner lot, and afterward lived 
with his father. His wife died 1836 and 
about 1840 he removed to Charlton, Mass. 
Children: Adeline A., b. 1818, m. a Mr. 
White of Charlton Mass. ; Chester B., b. 
1825, d. 1839; William H., b. 1827, died 
young. 



CALAIS. 



169 



John, son of Joel, m. 1828, Hannah 
Taylor, and bought soon after the farm 
where W. G. Kent now lives. In 1848, 
exchanged for a farm at Maple Corner, 
and the same year built the " Red Shop " 
which he and his sons owned until 1876. 
His wife died 185 1, and he m. Mrs. Lucy 
(Hodgkins) Crosier. His children : Emily 
E., b. 1829, m. William H. Safford ; they 
taught school some years in Calais, Mont- 
pelier and Strafford ; in 1854 and 5, he 
published the "Star of Vermont" at 
Northfield ; was in the printing house of 
Houghton & Co. at Cambridge, Mass., 
some six years, and since 1866 has been 
connected with the publishing house, now 
Houghton & Mifflin, Boston. Their chil- 
dren are : Mary Alida, b. 1848, m. Dr. W. 
J. Clark of Milford, Mass. Agnes E., b. 
1852, m. Charles E. White of Adams Ex- 
press Co. Boston. William Leslie, b. 
1854, d. 1866. Lillian M., b. 1871. 

Edwin E., b. 1835, served 3 years in ist 
Reg't. Vt. Sharp-shooters ; was quarter- 
master sergeant of the reg't. ; since 1864 
has engaged in mechanical and mercantile 
pursuits in Worcester, Mass., Lapeer, 
Mich., and ^ince 1877, in Calais; William 
C, b. 1838, m. Coralinn E. Bliss; resided 
in Calais ; died, 1875 ; daughter, Ina Lucy, 
b. 1868. 

Levi, son of Joel, m. 1832, Catherine 
Daggett. He bought, 1830, the farm now 
owned by his son, Julius S., where he re- 
sided until his death, Sept. 1863 ; his 
widow d. May, 1881 ; children: Joel E., 
b. 1834; served in the 13th Reg't. Vt. 
Vols., mustered out July 21, 1863, died 
July 28, 1863, of disease contracted in the 
service; Julius S., b. 1836, m. Mary A. 
Pierce, who died 1872, and he m. Harriet 
L. (Norris) Persons ; resides on his fath- 
er's old farm ; children: IrvinG., b. 1864; 
Ilda G., b. 1865 ; Inda M., b. 1867 ; Lucy 
C, b. 1878; Otis v., b. 1838, d. 1863; 
Mary C, b. 1845, m. James K. Tobey. 

Elon, son of Joel, m. 1833, Patience 
Taylor, who died 1853, and he m. Rachel 
A. Bliss. He lived upon his father's old 
homestead until his death, in 1863; chil- 
dren: Lenora G., b. 1835, rn- Martin 



Goodnough ; Algernon E., b. 1843, d. 
1863 ; thtee other children died young. 

Hiram, son of Joel, m. Julia Ainsworth, 
who died i860, and he m. Mrs. Lovisa 
Hodgden ; resided in Calais, in Read- 
ing, Vt., and the last few years of his life 
in Northern Vt. and Canada; d. 1876. 
His daughter, Minerva J., b. 1837, m. Sol- 
omon K. Hapgood, and resides in Read- 
ing. 

ZOETH TOBEY, 

b. Sept. 15, 1764, m. Sarah West, b. July 
7, 1770, and settled first in New Bedford, 
Mass. ; removed to Wardsboro, Vt., about 
1792. In 1799, he bought the farm in Calais 
now (1881) owned by C. O. Adams, built 
upon it, and in 1805, sold it, and removed 
to Eastern New York. In 18 10, he re- 
turned, and began clearing what is now 
known as the Dr. George farm, where he 
died Mar. 16, 18 12. The farm remained 
in the hands of his heirs until 18 18, when 
it was sold to Dr. John Gilman. His 
widow m. 1st, Peter Wheelock, and 2d, 
John Gray, both of Calais. His children 
were : 

Elizabeth, b. 1791, m. 1814, David Dag- 
gett, b. 1778, in Charlton, Mass., lived in 
Calais and Montpelier. He d. 1861 ; she 
in 1862; children: Eli, b. 1815, died 
young; Polly W., b. 1818, m. Isaac fhap- 
man; Maria K., b. 1820, m. Thomas B. 
Muldoon; Lyman, b. 1822, m. Mary E. 
Belding; Avery T., b. 1824, m. Mary J. 
Corwin ; David J., b. 1827, m. Kate Roddy ; 
Delia P., b. 1831, m. John R. Cooley ; 
Lizzie, b. 1833, m. John M. Gunnison. 

Mary and Keziah b. 1793; Mary died 
young ; Keziah m. Isaac Raise, resided in 
Somerset, Niagara Co., N. Y. ; in 1865, 
removed to Delaware, where she died. 

Avery, b. 1796, m. Sally Norton, and 
settled at Russellville, Crawford Co., 111., 
had seven children, of whom only one, 
Sewell, the youngest, is living. 

Polly, b. 1798, m. 1820, Alexander 
White, by whom she had two daughters, 
Sarah Maria, b. 1822, Amanda R., b. 1827, 
d. 1866. Mr. White d. 1828, and his 
widow m. Jeremiah Comins, b. ^787, in 
Charlton, Mass. She d. 1855, and he in 
1863. 



lyo 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



Richard West, b. 1800, m. 1822, Lydia, 
dau. of Edward Tucker, b. 1803. Shed. 
1844, and he m. Hannah C. (Dodge) 
Kelton. His children were : DeUa Irena, 
b. 1823, m. Thomas Bell, reside at Hills 
Grove, R. I.; children: Abbie W., b. 
1856, and Arthur T., b. 1864 ; WiUiam El- 
liott, b. 1825, m. 1853, Martha F. Martin; 
she d. 1878 ; he now resides in Calais ; 
children : Anna C, b. 1856, was drowned 
in Wheelock pond, June, 1873 ; Lydia M., 
b. 1859; Phebe Roxana, b. 1828, m. 1854, 
Amos W. Eddy, of Walden, Vt., where 
they have since resided ; children : Emma 
L., b. 1855, d. 1875 ; Marcia M., b. 1857 ; 
Nellie M., b. 1862; Edmund W., b. 1870; 
Orvis S., b. 1832, m. 1859, Nancy M. 
Hargin, resides in Hammond, St. Croix 
Co., Wis. ; children : Jennie B., b. 1863 ; 
Alpa A., b. 1866; Lena J., b. 1867; 
James K., b. 1845, m. 1870, Mary C. Rob- 
inson, lives in Calais ; children : Lelia M., 
b. 1873; Laura C, b. 1875; Clara Leone, 
b. 1879. Richard W. was a farmer, hotel- 
keeper, and mill-owner in Calais, East 
Montpelier, and Walden, Vt., Royalton, 
N. Y., and Absecon, N. J. He died in 
Calais, May, 1874. Zoeth 2d, b. 1803, 
died young; Allen, b. 1805, m. Elvira 
Ellis. He was a successful farmer, and 
resided in Calais, d. 1875; children: El- 
bridge A., b. 1847; Martin D., b. 1853; 
Elbridge A. m. Kate Doty, by whom he 
had a son, Allen. His wife died 1879, 
and he is now practicing medicine in 
Warren, N. H. Martin E. owns the old 
homestead. 

MANUFACTORIES IN CALAIS. 

BY ALLEN MOUSE. 

The proprietors of Calais, June, 1792, 
to " encourage the building of a corn-mill 
and saw-mill " offered 200 acres of land to 
any person who would build the same 
within a specified time, and in "Octo- 
ber, 1793, met and accepted" both mills 
which had been been built by Col. Jacob 
Davis, and Samuel Twiss, near the center 
of the town, the saw-mill on the same spot 
where the one owned by S. O. Robinson 
now stands, and the grist-mill just below 
it. These first mills in town, were bought 



about 1800, by Jason Marsh, and run by 
him, and his son, Jason, more than 68 
years. They passed into the hands of 
William White, who owned them a brief 
time; sold to E. N. Morse, who .sold to 
S. O. Robinson, in 1872, present owner. 
The situation of these mills is good, and 
had the water-power been as good, no mills 
in town would have done as much busi- 
ness ; but in dry times they are without 
sufficient water, still they have always done 
a remunerative business, and are in repair. 
The demand for lumber, soon caused 
other saw-mills to be built ; one about 
1800, by Col. Jacob Davis at the outlet 
of what is now known as the Wheelock 
pond, where an excellent water-power was 
easily obtained. Jason Marsh, who seem- 
ed to have a penchant for mill-property, 
which he transmitted to his descend- 
ants, bought this mill about 1820, and put 
a run of stone in a part of the saw-mill ; 
running it a few years, he sold to Gideon 
Wheelock, who owned it some years, since 
which it has passed through several hands ; 
owned since 1874, by H. O. Marsh, who 
has added a shop for the manufacture of 
coffins and caskets, in which he does a 
small business. The saw-mill is one of 
the best in town. Soon after the 2d mill 
the 3d, by Peter Wheelock, on the present 
C. Bliss farm, poor water-power, soon 
abandoned. 1803, Joel Robinson built a 
saw-mill at Kent's Corner, which did fair 
business for a time ; now in good repair ; 
does a small business. 1811, Joseph 
Brown built a saw-mill in the Brown dis- 
trict ; owned and run by the Browns about 
30 years ; abandoned. 1828, Isaac Davis 
built the saw-mill, Pekin ; nni about 25 
years ; 1834, Charles Slayton built one ; 
not a success. 1824, Dea. Joshua Bliss 
built the one, Jesse White rebuilt, about 
1840 at the outlet of Martin pond, now 
owned by William Dailey. 1856, John 
Robinson built one at Maple Corner. It 
tapered to nothing in about 15 years. 

Grist Mills : About 1820, Jason Marsh 
built one at No. 10, that he run several 
years ; sold to Gideon Wheelock, who run 
it 10 or 12 years and sold to John Rich, 
who run it about as long, when it changed 



CALAIS. 



171 



owners often till 1874, when E. D. Has- 
kell bought, enlarged, and added machinery 
for manufacturing woolen goods, and card- 
ing wool ; employed about 6 hands ; nin 
about 3 years ; failed ; since it has done 
but little. 1 8 17, Col. Curtis built a small 
grist-mill on Curtis Pond ; abandoned as a 
mill in about 10 years. 1847, John Rob- 
inson built the red shop, machine shop, 
etc., grist-mill; the grist-mill part was of 
small account ; the machine-shop part was 
run by Nathan Bancroft until 1852 ; since 
used as a general repair shop, etc., for the 
manufacture of horse-rakes, etc., owned by 
L. A. Kent. 

Wool-carding: Holbrook & Waters 
began here first on A. Haskell's present 
farm, about 1802 or '3; and continued the 
business for a few years. 1820, Jason 
Marsh put a carding-machine into his grist- 
mill that was in operation 8 or 10 years. 
1827, E. C. and Ira McLoud commenced 
here and carried on cloth-dressing at No. 
ID till 1844. They charged from $1,000 
to $ifoo a year; that shows the looms of 
our mothers were not idle ; they sold to 
G. J. Slayton and Joseph Andrews, who 
continued the business some 10 or 12 
years, adding in time the carding of wool ; 
the building has since been used for 
making and repairing carriages ; is now 
occupied by Peter St. Rock. Holbrook & 
Waters also manufactured wooden clocks, 
and cast bells up to 200 pound's weight ; 
at the same time they carded wool, but 
their business was small. 

Distilleries appeared in 1812, and in 
a short time increased to seven, and did an 
active business for several years, but as 
the temperance element developed they 
gradually went out of existence, and for 
the last half century there has not been 
any liquor distilled in town, and there is 
probably less liquor drank in this town at 
present, than in any other town in the 
county. 

Lemuel Perry manufactured potash, op- 
posite the Christian church, as early it is 
believed as 1800, for some 10 years, and 
then moved just below the Marsh mills, 
where he continued the business about 
15 years. 



Jonas Hall made axes and scythes in a 
small way for a number of years, and built 
a two-story brick house for which he made 
the brick ; the house is well preserved ; 
owned now by J. P. Laird. Mr. Hall 
owned and improved the saw-mill near 
his place ; his manufactures commenced 
about 1812. 

Boot and shoe business, 1829, 1. & A. 
Kent commenced this manufacture here, 
which continues to the present (1881 — See 
Kent record.) In the early years of this 
business they employed a dozen workmen, 
and run a two-horse team from here to 
Canada disposing of their goods. Of late 
years the business has declined, probably 
owing very much to the pressure of other 
business, but it has been of material ben- 
efit to this town, especially in its earlier 
days. 

Starch-making, 1844. — The Kent firm 
above, in Company with L. Bancroft, built 
a starch factory, which they run till i860, 
making some years 80 tons. Soon after 
Moses Sheldon began to make starch about 
2 miles below the first company, but soon 
gave up the business. 

Carriage-making was begun here in 
1840, at No. lo* by Rial Ainsworth, who 
made carriages of 40 diflerent kinds in a 
year. His business is much smaller now. 

Silk culture excited some attention 
here, and several parties about 1830, en- 
gaged in it. It soon died out. This vi- 
cinity, or those engaged in the business, 
were not adapted to that industry ; but 
some silk cloth has been manufactured in 
Calais, handkerchiefs, etc. 

There is one literary society in the town, 
called the Calais Circulating Library .formed 
in 1832, with ^2 members ; additions have 
been made nearly every year ; the library 
numbers now nearly 800 vols. There was 
also another library, started at East Calais, 
ro or 15 years ago. It is much smaller, 
but the books are excellent. 
post-office. 

BY L. A. KENT, P. M. 

The first post-office was established in 
town about 1828, Gideon Wheelock first 
postmaster, living at the Center, where H. 
Bancroft now lives ; Jonas Hall was the 



172 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



next P.M.; the office was kept at the brick 
house where James Laird now lives, from 
1830 to ■'49, when Ira Kent was made P. 
M., and the office moved to Kent''s Corners, 
where it has since remained, except from 
'65 to '68, A. Goodnough held the office at 
his house, where B. Wheeler now lives. 
B. P. White was postmaster from '68 to 
'73, when L. A. Kent succeeded him, and 
still holds the appointment. An office was 
created at East Calais about 1830, Asa 
Alden postmaster till '57; then Z. G. 
Pierce about 3 years, J. H. Cole 3 yearS' 
A. D. Pearce 8 years, F. A. Dwinell 4 
years, to 1874, since which time C. R. 
Dwinell has held the office. In 1880, 
another office was established at North 
Calais, with S. B. Fair postmaster. Of 
the publications received at the Calais of- 
fice there are 65 weeklies, 21 monthlies, i 
daily, 2 semi-weeklies. 

LETTER OF STILLMAN CHURCHILL, 

sent to me 23 years ago, inclosing a po- 
etical contribution from his wife — Ed. :] 

Mrs. Churchill was born in Calais, Nov. 
29, 181 8; her maiden name was Marsh. 
She was married to Stillman Churchill, 
Esq., in 1841. She is musical as well as 
poetical ; her father (Perry Marsh), was at 
one time a manufacturer oi the piano (in 
Calais.) She is a lover of music and a 
skillful practitioner. Mr C. removed to 
Stowe, his native town, in 1845, and went 
to farming, she having the care of a large 
dairy, and making butter and cheese with 
her own hands. Her husband in 1850 and 
'51, built the Mansfield House and fur- 
nished it at an expense of $10,000, and cut 
a road to the top of Mansfield. Mrs. C. 
was the first lady who ever rode on to the 
summit of the same, when she wrote the 
lines headed, Mansfield Mountain. She 
now resides again in Montpelier. A short 
sketch, which you may alter as you please. 
Stillman churchill. 

Montpelier, June 21, 1858. 

MANSFIELD MOUNTAIN. 
A song foi' the mountains, the storm-brewing moun- 
tains, 
Ascendinfj the lieaveus, the vaulted expanse; 
Their notches anil gorges llie antliem prolong, 
Tlieir valleys and woodlands enhance. 

Then join the high cliorus, O, man! 'tis for thee 
That up from wild nature such pteans arise; 

Drink deep of its spirit, pure, fearless and free. 
And let thy glad numbers ascend to the sides. 

With thought and with puriwse as firm, bold, and strong 

As rocks piled to mountaius, send upward tliy song. 



PERSONS WHO HAVE CELEF.RATED THEIR 
GOLDEN WEDDINGS. 

Mr. and Mrs. Howe Wheeler, 72 years ; 
Mr. and Mrs. Salem Goodenough,62 years ; 
Mr. and Mrs. Aaron Tucker, 60 years ; 
Mr. and Mrs. Luther Moi-se. 59 years ; Mr. 
and Mrs. Aaron Wheeler, 59 years ; Mr. 
and Mrs. Ebenezer Cox, 57 years ; Mr. and 
Mrs. Joseph Brown, 55 years; Mr. and 
Mrs. David Fair, 56 years; T. J. Porter, 
51 ; Mr. and Mrs. Asahel Pearce, Mr. and 
Mrs. Gideon Hicks, Mr. and Mrs. Israel 
Dwinell, Mr. and Mrs. Asa Alden, Mr. 
and Mrs. Dr. Asa George, Mr. and Mrs. 
Aaron Lamb, Mr. and Mrs. Alonzo Pearce, 
Mr. and Mrs. Benjamin Gray. 

TOVm OFFICERS. 

Treasurers. — Samuel Fay 95, Peter 
Wheelock 96to98, Abdiel Bliss 99 to 1801, 
Oliver Palmer 1802 to 3, Joshua Bliss, 2d, 
1804 to 6, 19 to 21, Jedediah Fay 1807 to 

9, Samuel Danforth 10, 11, Lemuel Perry 
12, 13, 15, 18, Levi Wright 14, Preserved 
Wright 16, 17, Caleb Curtis 22 to 25, Gid- 
eon Hicks 26 to 47, Nelson A. Chase 48 
to 64, Alonzo D. Pearce 65, William White, 
66 to 69, Marcus Ide 70 to 75, Jonas G. 
Ormsbee, June 1875 to Mar. 76, Samuel 
O. Robinson 76 to 81. 

Moderators. — Joshua Bliss95,.9, 1800, 
2, 3, 4, 12, Jonas Comins 96, 7, Jonathan 
Eddy 98, Gershom Palmer 1801, 7, 8, 9, 

10, II, Caleb Curtis 5, 6, 13, 15 to 24, 
Abijah Wheelock 14, Caleb Putnam 25, 6, 
Shubael Wheeler 27, Lovel Kelton 28, 
Pliny Curtis 29, 30, i, 3, 4, 7, 8, 40 to 46, 
Nathaniel Eaton 32, 5, 56, Asa George 36, 
9, 47, 55, 8 to 64, 6, 7, J. Harvey Cole 48 
to 52, Abdiel Kent 53, 4, Rufus P. Moses 
57, Albert Dwinell 65, 9, 70, i, 2, 4, 6, 7, 
8,80, 81, Benjamin P. White 68, James K. 
Tobey 73- 5. 9- 

Constables. — Jonas Comins 95 to 97, 
Caleb Curtis 98, Aaron Bliss 99, Samuel 
Fay 1800, Jason Marsh 1801 ; Joshua Bliss, 
2d, 1802, Shubael Shortt 1803, Abijah 
Wheelock 4 to 6, Gideon Wheelock 7, 8, 
Medad Wright 9, J. R. Densmore 10, 11, 
Ona Kelton 12, 13, Remember Kent 13, 
Jedediah Fay 15 to 17, Nathan Kelton 18 to 
22, James Morse 23, 25 to 28, Shubael 



CALAIS. 



173 



Wheeler 24, Perry Marsh 29, 30, Alonzo 
Pearce 31 to 33, Ira McLoud 34 to 37, Ira 
Kent 38, Chas. B. Marsh 39 to 41, Enoch 
C. McLoud 42 to 46, David B. Fay 47 to 
50, Luther Morse 51- to 53, J. V. R. Kent 
54> S5> 65, 66, Alonzo D. Pearce 56, 57, 
67 to 69, Walter P. Slayton 58 to 63, 70 to 
74, Lee H. Bliss 64, Benjamin P. White, 
75 to 81. 

Collectors. — Alonzo C. Slayton 68, 
Smilie Bancroft 71. 

Selectmen. — Joshua Bliss 95, 96, 98 to 
1804, 12, Edward Tucker 95, Jonas Com- 
ins 95, 97, Asa Wheelock 96, Abijah 
Wheelock 96, 97, 1812, Oliver Palmer 97, 
Jonathan Eddy 98, Shubael Shortt 98 to 
1 80 1, Abdiel Bliss 99, Gersham Palmer 
1800 to 4, 7 to 9, Peter Wheelock 2 to 4, 
Caleb Curtis 5, 6, 15 to 20, Gideon Hicks 
5 to 9, 13, 15 to 20, Samuel Danforth 6, 
Lemuel Perry 7 to 9, 13, 14, 19, 22, Rufus 
Green 10, 11, Ebenezer Goodenough 10, 

11, Levi Wright 10, 11, Gideon Wheelock 

12, 21, Isaac Kendall 13, 15, Samuel Fay 
14, Jera Wheelock 14, Jedediah Fay 16, 17, 
Aaron Lamb 18, Preserved Wright 20, 21, 
David G. Sheple 21, Joshua Bliss, 2d, 22, 
Caleb Putnam 22 to 26, Lovel Kelton 23,36, 
Medad Wright 23, 24, Pardon Janes 24, 25, 
27, Welcome Wheelock 25, 26, 37, 38, Shu- 
bael Wheeler 26, 27, Jonas Hall 27, 28, 30, 
Alonzo Pearce 28 to 30, William Robinson 
28, 29, Oliver Merritt 29, Jesse White 30, 
32, 33, 49, 50, Pliny Curtis 31, 32, Nelson 
A. Chase 31, 32, 42, 43, 45 to 47, Charles 
Sibley 31, Joseph Blanchard 33, 34,48, 
Asa Alden 33, 34, 47, 49, 50, Charles 
Dudley 34, 35, 43, 44, Richard W. Tobey 
35' 36, 39, Alonzo Pearce 35, Samuel Rich 
36, Joseph Lance 37, 38, 39, Israel Dwin- 
ell yj , 38, John White 39, 40, J. Harvey 
Cole 40, 41, 53, 54, Levi^is Wood 40, 41, 

47, 48, 61, 62, 68, 69, Abdiel Kent 41, 42, 
44 to 46, 66, 67, Chester Bugbee 42, 43, 

48, 49, 55, 56, 57, 73, Stephen Pearce 44 
to 46, Rufus P. Moses 50, 51, Mason W. 
Wright 51, 52, Alfred P. Hicks 51, 52, 55, 
56, 64, 65, 67, 70, 71, 72, Jonas G. Orms- 
bee 52, 53, Allen Tobey 53, 54, John V. 
R. Kent 54, 55, 58, 59, 65, John Morse 
56, John Rich 57, William S. Orcutt 57, 



59, 60, 61, 66, 68, 69, Charles B. Marsh 
58, Sidney H. Foster 58, 59,60, Zephaniah 
G. Pierce 60, 61, 62, TJ, 78, 9, Alonzo M. 
Foster 62, 63, Ezekiel Kent 63, 64, Ira S. 
Dwinell 63, William White 64, 68, 69, 74, 
75' 78' 79. 80, Albert Dwinell 65, Benja- 
min P. White 66, 67, 70, 71, 72, Walter 
P. Slayton 70 to 74, "]"], 80, J. Warren 
Leonard 73, 75, 76, 80, 81, Andrew Has- 
kell, 74, Samuel O. Robinson 75, James 
K. Tobey 76, 81, Lemuel M. Gate 76, 81, 
Orson Putnam "jj, 78, 9. 

Listers. — Jedediah Fay 95, 98, 99, 
1 8 13, Abijah Wheelock 95, 1805, 11, Aaron 
Bliss 95, 1805, Samuel Fay 96, 99, 1801, 
2. 3, 13' 15' 19' Jonas Comins 96, 1803, 
Goddard Wheelock 96, Gersham Palmer 

97, 1806, Gideon Wheelock 97, i8c2, 15, 
16, Jonathan Tucker 97, 1809, Simon Davis 

98, Levi Wright 98, 1801, 12,44, 45,Phin- 
eas Davis 99, 1801, 5, Joshua Lilley 1800, 
Elnathan Hathaway 1800, 2, 3, Peter 
Wheelock 1800, Jonathan Eddy 1800, Caleb 
Curtis 1800, 2, 8, 9, 10, 18,21, 22, 24, 25, 
32, Daniel Carpenter 1801, James Gin- 
nings 1801, 3, Edward Tucker 1802, Rufus 
Green 1803, Lemuel Perry 1803, 4, 19, 
Ebenezer Goodnough 1804, Alpheus Bliss 
1804, Remember Kent 6, 7, Noah C. Clark 
6, 7, Oliver Palmer 7, Joshua Bliss 8, 11, 
Samuel Danforth 8, Isaac Kendall 9, John 
R. Densmore 10, 12, 13, 15, Gideon Hicks 
ID, II, 14, 16, 17, 18, 20, 23, 27, 32, 33, 
yj, Aaron Lamb 1812, Ephraim Ladd 14, 
Joel Robinson 14, 17, 20, 23, 26, Joshua 
Bliss, 2d, 16, Caleb B. Mitchell 17, Pre- 
served Wright 18, Nathan B. Spaulding 
19, Benjamin Page 20, Caleb Putnam 21, 
Isaac Davis 21, 23, Israel Dwinell 22, 24, 
Oliver Shipley 22, Lovel Kelton 24, 25, 27, 

28, 31, 32, 33, Shubael Wheeler 25, 28, 

29, 30, David G. Shipley 26, Lemuel Bliss 
26, Welcome Wheelock 27, 30, Jabez 
Mower 28, Nelson A. Chase 29, 30, 34, 65, 
Pliny Curtis 29, 39, 40, Oliver Mower 31, 
Pardon Janes 31, Abdiel Kent ^^y 34, yj, 
42, 43, 47, Nathaniel Eaton 34, 35, 42, 43, 
44, 52, Lewis Wood 35, 36, 38, 44, 45, 
Enoch C. McLoud 35, 36, 38, 39, 40, 
Charles Sibley 36, Alonzo Pearce yj, 52, 
John Walbridge 38, 39, Silas Wheelock 
40, 56, Charles Dudley 41, 46, 47, 50, 51. 



174 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



Alfred P. Hicks 41, 43, 50, Richard W. 
Tobey 41, Joseph Lance 42, Elias Smith 
45, 46, 64, "]■},, 76, Ezekiel Kent 46, 57, 
59, 60, 61, 62, 70, 71, J. Harvey Cole 47, 
59, 60, J. W. E. Bliss 48, Charles Stevens 
48, 49, John Rich 48, 49, 53, 54, Allen 
Tobey 49, 50, 51, 52, 55, 66, 74, Joseph 
W. Pierce 51, 57, 58, J. V. R. Kent 53, 
Ira S. Dwinell 53, 54, 55, J. O. A. Allen 
54, Jesse White 55, 56, Levi G. Dwinell 
56, William White 57, 59, Loam Hath- 
away 58, Jacob Eaton 58, Chester Bugbee 
60 to 63, 65, 68, 70, 71, J. Warren Leon- 
ard 61 to 63, I. Rich Kent 63 to 65, Lem- 
uel M. Cate 64, 67, Charles French 66, 67, 
Lewis Bancroft 66, 67, 68, John Morse 68, 
Alfred P. Wheelock 69, Walter P. Slay- 
ton 69, John O. Haskell 69, Charles B. 
Marsh 70, 71, James K. Tobey 72, 73, 
Andrew Haskell 72, 75, 76, 81, Alonzo C. 
Slayton 72, J. P. Carnes ^i, 74, 78, 81, 
Albert Dwinell 74, 75, 78, Alpheus S. Bliss 
75, 76, 9, Henry C. Wells 'j'j, 81, Jerome 
N. lUiss -]■], 80, Harry A. Morse 'j'j, 78, 
80, Albert C. George 79, Isaac Davis 79, 
Willard Bugbee 80. 

Superintendent of Schools. — Na- 
thaniel Eaton 46, Nelson A. Chase 46, 7, 
50, 6, 7, 60, Lester Warren 46, 9, 51, 
Henry Slayton 48, Asa George 52, Silas 
Wheelock 53, Sidney H. Foster 54, 5, 
Benjamin P. White 58, 9, 61, 2, Lee H. 
Bliss 63, 4, J. Henry McLoud 65, 6, 8, 
Marcus Ide 67, Frank A. Dwinell 69, M. 
S. Hathaway 70, i, 2, 4, 5, 6, 7, 81, Geo. 
H. Gray 73, 8, W. W. Ainsworth 79, 80. 

Delegates to Constitutional Con- 
ventions.— Samuel Fay 14, Benjamin Page 
22, Thomas Cole 28, Shubacl Wheeler 36, 
Nelson A. Chase 43, 50. 

Justices of the Peace. — Peter Whee- 
lock 95 to 1805, Gersham Palmer 1800 to 
II, Gideon Hicks 8 to 49, Lemuel Perry 
8 to 18, 22, 30 to 38, Samuel Fay 14, Gid- 
eon Wheelock 17 to 30, Nathan Kelton 18, 
Caleb Curtis 18, 20 to 35, Isaac Davis 21, 
2, Lovell Kelton 22, 24 to yj, Nathaniel 
Eaton 30 to 49, 51, 2, 4, 5, 8, 9, 60, 63, 
Medad Wright 31 to 34, Ohver Mower 31 
to 36, Shubael Wheeler 31 to 49, Jacob 
Tewksbury il>^ 4. 7; ^^ 9' 4°? Pliny Curtis 



2)1)^ 34i 39 to 45. Nelson A. Chase 33, 34, 
41 to 55, Asa George i^}, to 49, 78, 9, Ja- 
bez Mower 33, 34, yj to 49, Jos. Hatch 
34, Wm. Robinson 35 to 39, Jedediah 
Fay 36, Shubael Shortt 36, Abijah Whee- 
lock 36, Jason Marsh 36, Alonzo Pearce 
yi to 53, 55, 56, 58 to 60, 62 to 75, H. W. 
W. Miller 38, E. C. McLoud 38 to 49, 
Abdiel Kent 38 to 54, 62, Luther Morse 
38 to 50, Joseph Lance })^ to 44, Richard 
W. Tobey 40 to 47, Herman Bliss 40, J. 
Harvey Cole 42, 46 to 49, 54, 57, Joshua 
M. Dana 42, Welcome Wheelock 42 to 49, 
Charles Dudley 42 to 49, Lewis Wood 46 
to 49, 55 to 57, 61, Joseph Blanchard 46 
to 49, Alfred P. Hicks 47 to 50, 53, 4, 8, 
9, 60, David B. Fay 48, 9, Bennett Palmer 

48, 9, Rufus P. Moses 49 to 57, Jonas Hall 

49, A. S. Nelson 49, John Morse 49, 62 
to 67, Tilnus Hathaway 49, 52 to 61, Jonas 
G. Ormsbee 49, Ira S. Dwinell 49, 76, 'j'j, 

80, 81, James S. Gray 49, Lemuel Perry 
Jr., 49, John Rich 50 to 54, E. A. Hath- 
away 51, H. K. Slayton 55 to 62, Charles 
B. Marsh 56, 7, Sidney H. Foster 56, 72, 

3, J. V. R. Kent 57 to 69, 76, 7, Charles 
S. Bennett 58 to 60, 62 to ']},, Chester 
Bugbee 61, William White 61, 2, Lee H. 
Bliss 62, Alonzo M. Foster 63 to 65, J. 
Warren Leonard 63 to 69, George J. Slay- 
ton 64, 5, Walter P. Slayton 66 to JT, 80, 

81, Edwin D. Haskell 66, 67, 691071, 
S. S. Macomber68 to T] , Otis Slayton 68, 
Benjamin P. White 70 to ']T), Elias Smith 
70, 71, 78, 9, Benjamin Wheeler 72, 3, S. 
O. Robinson 74, 5, James K. Tobey 74, 
75) 78) 9) Orson Putnam 74 to TJ, 80, 81, 
M. S. Hathaway 74, 75, 78, 9, Shubael B. 
Fair ^(3, 7, 80, 81, Henry C. Wells 76, 7, 
J. P. Carnes 78, 9, Alpheus S. Bliss, 78, 
9, Herman O. Marsh 78, 9, W. W. Ains- 
worth 80, 81 , Harry A. Morse 80, 81 , Chas. 
French 80, 81. 

Representatives.— Peter Wheelock 95 
to 99, Abdiel Bliss 1800, i, Joshua Bliss 2, 
Gersham Palmer 3, 5 to 10, Lemuel Perry 

4, Gideon Wheelock 12, 13, 17, 21, Sam'l. 
Fay 14, Benjamin Page 15, 16, 22, Caleb 
Curtis 18 to 20, Lovel Kelton 23 to 25, 27, 
David G. Shipley 26, Pardon Janes 28 to 
31, Shubael Wheeler n, 34, 47, Pliny 



CALAIS. 



I7S 



Curtis 35, 36, Joseph Lance 37, 38, Alonzo 
Pearce 39, 40, Abdiel Kent 41, 42, Chas. 
Dudley 43, 44, Nelson A. Chase 45, 46, 
Enoch C. McLoud 48, 49, David B. Fay 
50, Rufus P. Moses 51, 52, Ebenezer S. 
Demming 53, Asa George, 54, 55, Lester 
Warren 56, 57, Hiram K. Slayton 58, 59, 
Albert Dwinell 60, 61, John V. R. Kent, 
62, 63, Alonzo M. Foster 64, 65, Sidney 
H. Foster 66, 67, Ira A. Morse 68, 69, 
Walter P. Slayton 72, 73, James K. Tobey 
74, 75, Erasmus L. Burnap 76, 'j'j, Benja- 
min P. White 78, 79, J. Warren Leonard 
80, 81. 

State Senators. — Nathaniel Eaton 40, 
41, Albert Dwinell 78, 79, 80, 81. 

Assistant Judges of County Court.— 
Shubael Wheeler 27 to 30, Pliny Curtis y], 
8, Alonzo Pearce. 

Judge of Probate. — Gersham Palmer 
10, Nelson A. Chase 68, 69. 

Sheriff. — Alonzo D. Pearce 70. 

Clerk of County Court. — Shubael 
Wheeler 45 to 8, 50 to — 

GRAND list. 

The list for the year 1795 was £lo\, 
los; 1796,^788,105. The first general 
list under the act of March 20, 1797, is 
recorded: 61 polls at $20, $1220; 174^^ 
acres improved land at $1.75 per acre, 
$305.37; other property and assessments, 
$1670.38, total, $3195.75. 1798, 67 polls, 
191 acres, $2142.73, personal, total, $3,- 
816.72 ; 1799, 72polls, 312 acres, $2702.06, 
personal, total, $4689.37 ; 1800, 80 polls, 
400 acres, $39.50 houses, $2750.50, person- 
al, total, $5090.00. 

For valuations, etc., upon which these 
and the following list are based, see svun- 
mary of list for 18 12. 

GRAND LIST OF 180I. 

The first complete list now on file. The 
date next the name signifies the year of 
settlement, or near as can be ascertained ; 

a. signifies acre or acres of improved land ; 

b. and figures following, appraisal of the 
buildings ; cash figures alone, the whole 
amount of list : 

Wm. Abbott, 1799 or 1800, $20; Ains- 
worth, Moses 1797, $6.50; Reuben, 1799, 



1800, I a., $28.25, Sabin, 1797, 4 a., $3.50 ; 
Alvord, Isaac 1801, $26.50, Stephen, 
1797,6 a., $57; Bliss, Aaron 1795,6 a., 
b. $250, $62, Abdiel, 1798, 30 a., b. $400, 
$148.50, Alpheus, 1799, 1800, b. $300, 
$72.50, Caleb, 1800, $58, David, 1797, 7 
a., b. $150, $88.25, Frederick, 1795' 1° a., 
$90.50, Joshua, 1795, 15 a., $115.75; 
Joshua 2d., 1798, 17 a., $124.75, Noah, 
1798,4 a., $70; Beckwith, Joshua 1800, 
$40 ; Carpenter, Daniel 1800, b. $300, $59 ; 
Clark, Noah L. 1797, 5 a., b. $100, $63.75 ; 
Comings, Jonas 1795, 5 a., b. $200, $65.75 ; 
Curtis, Caleb 1798, 3 a., b. $250, $76.75; 
Daggett, David 1778, $26.50; Danforth, 
Samuel 1800, $40; Davis, Silas 1801, $20, 
Simeon, 1795, 8 a., $54, Phineas, 1797, 8 
a., b. $250, $73.50; Dickenson, John 1798, 
$20; Doane, Elisha 1797, t^Z'-i Eddy, 
Edmund 1800, b. $100, $27, Jonathan, 
'797> $31-50; Emerson, John 1797, 3 a., 
$63.25; Fay, Jedediah 1795, 5 a., $65.25, 
Samuel, 1795, 6 a., $70.50; Ginnings, 
Amos 1795, 7 a., $88.75, James, 1795, 5 
a., $75.25; Goodell, David 1795, 4 a., 
$53.25; Goodenough, Ebenezer 1797,9 a., 
$ii6.7S; Green, Rufus 1797, la., $49.75; 
Haskell, Moses 1795, 2 a., $56.50; Hatha- 
way, Asa 1800, 10 a., $37.50, Elnathan, 

1796, 5 a., $75.25, Silas, 1797, 5 a., 
b. $150, $43.25, Thomas, 1797, 2 a., $55 ; 
Hicks, Gideon, 1800, 3 a., $38.75, John, 

1801, $26.50; Howland, Polly, widow of 
Abraham, 1795, 3 a., $11.75 ; Janes, Solo- 
mon 1796, 6 a,, $48.50; Kendall, Isaac 
1798 or i8oo,"5 a., $86.75 ; Kent, Remem- 
ber, 1798, 8 a., $60; Kinney, Stephen 
1801, $26.50; Lamb, Aaron 1789, b. $125, 
$55.50, Jacob, 1801, $33.40; Lebaron, 
Francis 1795, 2 a., $30; Lilley, Joshua 

1797, 10 a., $145.50; Merritt, Job 1800, 
$53, Nehemiah, 1800, b. $150, $29.50, 
Oliver, 1801, $20; Marsh, Jason 1800, 
$38.50; Mitchel, Caleb B. 1798, 10 a., 
$40; Nichols, Ezra 1801, $20; Ormsbee, 
Nathaniel 1800, $20; Palmer, Gershom, 
1797, 6 a., $103, Oliver, 1796, 10 a., $97; 
Pearce, Asahel 1795, 6 a., $81.50, Backus, 
1795, 4 a., $75.50, Noah, 1795, $51.50, 
Stephen, 1801, $20; Perry, Lemuel 1800, 
$57.50 ; Pope, Winslow 1797, $26.50 ; Rich, 
Samuel loa., $17.50 ; Robinson, Joel 1794, 



176 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



5 a., $61.75 ; Shortt, Shubael, 1795, 10 a., 
$95.50; Slayton, Jesse 1796, 5 a., $68.25, 
Simeon, 1795, 4 a., b. $100, $60 ; Steward, 
Ethel 1797, $26.50; Thayer, David 1798, 
$36.50, David, Jr., 1798, $20; Tisdale, 
Seth 1801, 4 a., $7; Tobey, Zoath 1799, 
$53; Tucker, Amasa 1797, 6 a., $73.50, 
David, 1800, $20, Edward, 1795, 25 a., b. 
$340, $153.25, Jonathan, 1797, 10 a., b. 
$150, $102 ; Wheelock, Abijah 1795, 10 a., 
$98.50, Asa, 1795, 9 a., $65.25 ; Gideon, 
1797, 6 a., b. $400, $78, Goddard, 1795, 
9 a., $103.75, Jennison, 1795, 8 a., $93.50, 
Peter, Esq., 1795, $76.50, Salem, 1797, 
$38: White, Elijah 1797, 3 a., $61.75, 
Samuel, 1797, 3 a., $64.75 ; Wilber, Hol- 
den, 1795, 18 a., $104; Willis, Edmund 
1797, $6.50; Wright, Levi 1797, 8 a., 
$60.50, Preserved, 1800, 7 a., $53-75; 
Young, Duncan 1796, 4 a., $53.50. 

Names on previous lists not on list of 
1801 : Lyman Daggett, Salmon Davis, 
John Crane, Stephen Fay, David Fuller, 
Bemis Hamilton, James Sprague, Leonard 
Wheelock. 

New names appear in the list from year 
to year, 1802, Amasa, Parley, Wareham, 
and Welcome Ainsworth, Hannah Butter- 
field, Joseph Ginnings, Thomas Haskell, 
Nathan Janes, Uriah Johnson, George and 
James Kelton, Calvin Pearce, Joseph Perry, 
William Thayer, Isaac Wells, Medad 
Wright. 1803, Ezra Bliss, James Dawson, 
William Drown, John Eddy, Artemas Fos- 
ter, Joseph W. Oilman, John Martin, John 
Ware. 1804, Benjamin Andrews, Chester 
Clark, Isaac Davis, Eliphalet Huntington, 
Enoch Kelton, Nathaniel Ladd, James 
Short. 1805, Luther Ainsworth, Amasa 
and John Bancroft, Squire Bullock, Ethan 
Powers, Prince Sears, Oliver Shipley, Buck- 
lin Slayton, Amos Wheelock, Reubin 
Wilber, Philip Vincent. 1806, Jacob Ains- 
worth, Benjamin Bancroft, Amos Barnes. 
George Brown, John Goodale, Phineas 
Goodenough, Ebenezer Goodenough, Jr., 
George Ide, Ephraim Ladd, Richard Pitts, 
Jonathan Pray, Cyrenus Shortt. 1807, 
Vial Allen, Thomas Anderson, Charles 
Bliss, Stephen Bates, Henry Fish, David 
Fuller, Jr., Martin Gilbert, Jessa Holmes, 
Pardon Janes, Elijah Nye, Stephen 01m- 



stead, Samuel Pratt, Phineas Slayton, 
Uriah Simons, Reubin D. Waters, Nathan 
Wheeler, Jared Wheelock, Suel White, 
Daniel and John Young. 1808, Thomas 
Andrews, Galen and Charles Bliss, Moses 
Blanchard, William Crosby, Thomas Fos- 
ter, Abraham Hawkins, William Lougee, 
John McKenzie, Samuel, Isaac and Wil- 
liam Robinson, John Waugh, Almond 
Wilber. 1809, Nathaniel Bancroft, John 
R. Densmore, Jonathan Green, Jonas Hall, 
Isaac Hawkins, Barnabas and Ebenezer 
Kelton, John Martin, Jr.. Daniel Nealey, 
Peleg Redway, Oliver Shipley, Jr., Lem- 
uel Tobey, Isaac Vincent, Welcome Whee- 
lock. 

The lists for 1810 and '11 are not pre- 
served. 18 1 2, Smith Ainsworth, George 
and Ira Brown, Isaac Corey, Jabez Carver, 
John Cate, John Chapman, Salvin D. Col- 
lins, Israel Dwinell, Gload Dugar, Na- 
thaniel Davis, Jonathan Eaton, Luther 
Farnum, Luke Fletcher, Benjamin Gray, 
Simeon Guernsey, Seth Gary, Salathiel 
Hammond, George Holbrook. Ona Kelton, 
William LeBarron, William LeBarron, Jr., 
Andrew Nealey, Beniah Shortt, Henry 
Stone, David G. Shipley. 

GRAND LIST RECORD FOR l8l2. 

From 1 80 1 there was a steady increase 
in valuation : 80 polls at $20, $1600 ; 1679 
acres of improved land at $1.75, 2938; 
houses assessed in the whole at $182 ; 112 
oxen at $10, $1120; 405 cows and other 
cattle of 3-years old at $6.50, 2632.50; 
178 cattle of 2-years old at $5, $890; loi 
horses of 3-ycars old, and upwards, at 
$13.50, $1363.50; 10 of 2-years old at 
$6.50, $65 ; 16 of i-year old at $3.50, $56 ; 
7 house clocks at $10, $70 ; 3 gold watches 
at $10, $30; 12 common do. at $5, $60; 
2750 dollars of money on hand and debts 
due, at 6 per cent., $165; i practitioner 
assessed at $25 ; mechanics and owners of 
mills and machines assessed in the whole 
at $143; total, $11340. Deduct for 5 
minors subject to military duty and equip- 
ped by parents at $20, $100; deduct 54 
militia polls at $20, $1080 ; deduct 5 horses 
of cavalry at $13.50, $67.50; leaving list 
for State taxes, $10092.50 

At that time the law required that all 



FAYSTON. 



m 



dwellings, stores and shops (log-houses 
excepted) should be assessed at two per 
cent, of their value, if in the judgment of 
the listers their value did not exceed $1000. 
And if valued at more than $1000, at three 
per cent. The law also specified how per- 
sonal property should be set in the list, as 
above. Wooden clocks were not taxed. 
Attorneys, physicians, merchants, mechan- 
ics, etc., were assessed in proportion to 
their gains. 

1820: 86 polls at $20, $1720; 1990 acres 
of improved land at .08 of appraised value, 
1^1366.42; 103 houses and lots at .04 ap- 
praised value, $247.06; 9 mills, stores, 
etc., at .06 appraised value, $48.60; 140 
oxen at $10, $1400; 429 cows and three- 
year olds at $6, $2574 ; 169 cattle, two- 
year olds at $5, $845 ; 132 horses, three 
years old and upwards, at $14, $1848; 26 
two-years old at $7, $182 ; 22 one-year old 
at $4, $88 ; i stallion at $50, $50 ; 5 brass 
clocks at $10, $50; I gold watch at $10, 
$10; 20 common do. at $5, $100; $1100 
money at .06, $66; total, $11295.08 ; 34 
militia polls and 9 cavalry horses were ex- 
empt from State taxes. 

1830: 252 polls at $10, $2520; 3690 
acres of land at .06, $1558.60; 541 houses 
and lots at .04, $1401.40 ; 14 mills, stores, 
etc., at .06, $62.40; 281 oxenat $2, $562 ; 
712 cows and other cattle of three years 
old, at $1.25, $890; 254 cattle of two 
years old at .75 each, $190.50; 25 horses 
and mules, three years old, appraised at 
less than $25, at $1, $25; 180 over $25 
and less than $75, at $3, $540 ; 6 at $75, 
at .06, $36 ; 43 two years, at $2, $86 ; 33 one 
year, at $1.25, $41.25 ; 2797 sheep at .10 
each, $279.70; 7 carriages at .06 of ap- 
praised value, $6.30 ; 8 brass clocks at $3, 
$24; 20 watches at$i, $20; $3350 money 
on hand, etc., at .06, $201 ; $90 bank stock 
at .03, $2.70; 2 practitioners of medicine 
assessed, $35 ; i merchant and trader, do., 
$30 ; total, $85 1 1 .85 ; 148 militia polls and 
6 cavalry horses, exempt. 

In 1840, the list amounted to $10373.54. 
Later lists were assessed nearly as at pres- 
ent, and are as follows : 





Polls. 


Real. 


Personal. 


Gd. List. 


18.W 


266 


$281,774 


$32,023 


$3,675 


18(K) 


312 


304,473 


46,.M7 


4,134 


1870 


341) 


374,673 


71,936 


4,848 


1878 


326 


296,652 


67,807 


4,269 



FAYSTON. 

BY MRS. LAURA BRIGHAM BOYCE. 

This township is in the S. W. corner of 
the County, 20 miles from Montpelier; 
b. N. by Duxbury, E. by Waitsfield, S. by 
Warren and Lincoln, W. by Huntington 
and BuelPs Gore ; 6 miles square ; land el- 
evated, lying in large swells, except along 
Mill brook and Shephard's brook, where 
there is some intervale. Shephard's brook 
runs through the North part of the town, 
and empties into Mad river in Waitsfield. 
It affords ample water power, and several 
flourishing mills are in operation on its 
banks. 

There was an extensive beaver meadow 
on this stream, and many of the trees on 
its banks were partly cut down by these 
animals. The brook received its name 
from one Shephard, who used to hunt 
beavers here. 

Mill brook runs through the South part 
of the town, in an Easterly direction, and 
empties into Mad river in Waitsfield ; this 
stream has good water-power, and several 
mills and one tannery are located on it. 
There is considerable good lumber in town, 
especially in the more mountainous parts, 
the most valuable of which is spruce. As 
many as 7,000 or 8,000 clapboard logs are 
annually cut in Fayston, besides the com- 
mon lumber, ash, basswood, etc. There is 
also a good deal of hemlock, the bark of 
which is used extensively in tanneries. 
The spruce and hemlock lumber is a source 
of profit to the inhabitants. The maple is 
abundant, and there are many valuable 
sugar orchards ; some have a thousand 
handsome second growth trees in one body. 
This adds an item to the income of the 
farmer, at the prices that have prevailed for 
maple sugar and syrup of late years. 

The soil is strong and fertile, though 
not as, easily tilled as a more sandy loam. 
These fertile upland farms are well adapted 
to dairying, as the sweetest grass is found 
here, and water as pure and soft as ever 
drank, two indispensable requisites for the 
dairy. Dairying is the chief source of in- 
come of a greater part of the inhabitants, 
though wheat and oats are raised here in 



23 



178 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



abundance, but potatoes more especially. 
Corn is often a remunerative crop ; but not 
so sure as on the intervales. 

Fayston was granted Feb. 25, and char- 
tered Feb. 27, 1782, to Ebenezer Wal- 
bridge and his as.sociates. It was first set- 
tled by Lynde Wait in 1798. In 1800, 
there were 18 persons in town. 

Lucia Wait, daughter of Lynde Wait, 
better known as Squire Wait, was born in 
1801, the first child born in town; subse- 
quently, Wait Farr, a son of William Farr, 
was born, and received a lot of land from 
Griswold Wait, as being the first male 
child born in town. From which we see 
in those primitive days the weaker were 
oppressed by the stronger, as they are still. 
There was no orthodox reason why Lucia 
Wait should not have had that lot of land 
as her birthright — except that she wasiCt a 
boy. 

The town was organized Aug. 6, 1805. 
James Wait was the first town clerk ; 
Thomas Green the first constable ; and 
Lynde Wait, Rufus Barrett and William 
Williams the first selectmen. Aug. 27, 
1805, there was a town meeting called to 
petition the General Assembly to be set off 
with other towns from Chittenden County, 
which was not granted until some time in 
1810 or 181 1, when Fayston became a part 
of Jefferson County. 

The first highways were surveyed in 1807, 
by Edmund Rice, surveyor. The first 
school district was organized in 1809, and 
consisted of the whole town, but subse- 
quently, in 1 8 10, we believe, it was di- 
vided into two districts. The first tax 
levied on the grand list was in 1807, which 
was 5 cents on a dollar, to be worked out 
on the highway. The first tax levied on 
the grand list to be paid in money was in 
1810. It was I cent on a dollar, and we 
have no doubt was as hard for these people 
as were the excessive taxes during«thewar 
for their descendants. The taxes levied 
on the grand list in Fayston during the war 
in one year were $10.79 O" 'i dollar of the 
grand list, making a poll tax of $21.58, and 
school and highway taxes besides, which 
must have made another dollar. This was 
in 1864. There were several other bounty 



taxes raised during the war, but this was 
the heaviest. Fayston paid h^r war debt 
as she went along, and can show a clean 
record. In 1812, the town voted to raise 
I cent on a dollar for the support of 
schools, which was to be paid to the town 
treasurer in grain. At this time there 
were 25 children in district No. i, between 
the ages of 4 and 18. 

In March, 1809, William Newcomb, 
William Rogers and Marjena Gardener 
were elected " hog ho wards," anoflicenow 
obsolete, and exactly what its duties were, 
even then, we are unable to learn. But it 
was an old-time custom to elect newly- 
married men to that notable ofiice, which 
might have been no sinecure after all, as 
the swine in those days all ran where they 
listed, and unless they were much less 
vicious than their modern descendants, it 
must have needed three " hog constables" 
to a town to have kept them in order. 

In April, 1808, William and Paul Boyce, 
two Quakers, emigrated from Richmond, 
N. H., and settled near beaver meadow, on 
Shephard's brook. This was the first open- 
ing in what is now called North Fayston. 
There is a little romance connected with 
this same William Boyce. It seems that 
William's susceptible heart had been touch- 
ed by one Irene Ballou, a Quaker maiden 
of his native place, and when he had made 
a beginning on his new home in the woods 
he began to be lonely, and feel the need of 
a helpmate to wash his wooden plates and 
pewter porringer, and also to assist him in 
picking up brush, planting potatoes, and 
several other things wherein the good 
wives made themselves useful in "the 
olden time," being then truly helpmates for 
men, instead of help spends, as many of the 
more modern wives are. So William jour- 
neyed to Richmond to claim his bride. 
He tarried long, and when he returned it 
was not the gentle Irene who accompanied 
him . Whether he met with a fairer Quaker- 
ess than she, and lost his heart with her 
against his will, or whether Irene was 
averse to going into the new country, 
among the bears and wolves, tradition 
saith not, but that it was not the latter 
reason we may infer from her farewell to 



FAYSTON. 



179 



him : " William, I wish thee well, I hope 
the Lord will bless thee, but I know He 
wont." Says one of his descendants : "I 
think He didn't, for he was always in some 
sort of trouble or other." Let the fate of 
William be a warning to all young Quakers, 
as well as those who quake not at all, to 
always keep their promises. 

BOYCE FAMILY OF FAYSTON. 

Paul Boyce married Rhoda Palmer, of 
Waitsfield, and here on the farm they first 
rescued from the wilderness,' they lived to 
a ripe old age, and were finally buried in 
tlie cemetery not far away. 

Their son, Ziba Wentworth Boyce, 
always resided in town until his death, 
1877, "igc, 63. He received but a common, 
school education, but by his own efforts, 
ultimately became a thorough scholar, and 
taught school many terms. Later he served 
the town in various capacities, and up to 
the time of his death was noted for his fine 
mental endowments. He was often jo- 
cosely called the "wisdom of North Fays- 
ton," and not altogether without reason. 
He was a writer of considerable ability, 
both in prose and verse. His two daugh- 
ters inherited his talent for writing, more 
especially his younger daughter, Mrs. Em- 
ongene Smith, now a resident of Dubuque, 
Iowa. The eldest daughter, Mrs. S. Mi- 
nerva Boyce, has always remained at the 
homestead. 

When Ziba W. was quite a young lad, 
his father sent him one night with his 
brother after the sheep, but they having 
strayed from their usual pasture, they 
failed to find them. In the morning they 
found what there was left of them, eleven 
having been devoured by the wolves during 
the night. 

On one occasion Paul Boyce was going 
off into the woods with his oxen, when he 
met a bear with two cubs face to face. The 
meeting was not a remarkably pleasant one 
to him ; he being a Quaker and averse to 
fighting, was pleased when the bear turned 
and trotted off. 

About the year 1809, Stephen Griggs 
emigrated from Pomfret, Conn., and set- 
tled about one-half mile from Esquire Wait's 



farm. He resided there as long as he 
lived, and his companion, who survived 
him many years, died there. The place 
has never passed out of the family, a grand- 
daughter at present residing there. This 
farm and the Brigham farm are the only 
ones in South Fayston which have never 
passed out of the families of the first set- 
tlers. 

Deer-yards were frequently found on the 
eastern slopes of the hills. The early set- 
tlers used to hunt them in winter when the 
snow was deep, so that they could not es- 
cape. Buck's horns were often found in 
the woods. Sable were quite abundant. 
Ezra Meach, of Shelburne, passed through 
the town in 1809, setting his line of traps 
for sable, and blazed trees along his route. 
He found it quite profitable business, as 
these animals were exceedingly good in the 
western part of the town. The panther, the 
great dread of the juvenile community, 
was often seen, or supposed to be seen, 
but never captured in this town. 

uncle John's Indian raid. 

Some time about 1803, there were then 
five or six families settled in what is now 
known as South Fayston. There were 
Uncle John and Uncle Rufus Barrett — I 
call them Uncle John and Uncle Rufus, as 
these were the names by which I knew 
them in my early childhood, albeit they 
were both young men at the date of my 
story. There were Squire Wait and Thos. 
Green, and if there were others I do not 
know their names. 

Now at that time the raising of a new 
house or barn was a job that required 
plenty of muscle and new rum, for they 
were built of logs, and very heavy. 

On a certain day, somebody in Warren 
was to raise a barn, and as the country 
was sparsely settled, everybody was in- 
vited far and near, and all the men of Fays- 
ton went except Uncle John. Whether 
he stayed at home to guard the women and 
children from the bears and wolves, tra- 
dition saith not. I only know he "tarried 
by the stuff," and all went well till near 
sundown, when suddenly there burst upon 
his ears a long, wild cry, between a howl 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



and a whoop. Uncle John was on the 
alert ; he listened with bated breath a few 
moments ; louder and nearer than before 
came that terrible howl, this time in a dif- 
ferent direction. 

"'Tis the Indian war whoop," said 
Uncle John ; " no doubt we are surround- 
ed, and the men all away." He stood not 
upon the order of going, but went at once. 
Uncle John was no coward, and if the red- 
skins got his scalp, they should buy it 
dearly, he resolved, and seizing his gun, 
bidding his wife to follow, he ran to alarm 
the neighbors, and get them all together, 
that he might defend them as long as pos- 
sible. In a short time every woman and 
child in the settlement was ensconced in 
Uncle Rufus' domicile, with all the fire- 
arms the settlement contained, the door 
barricaded, and all the preparations made 
to receive the red-skins that one man 
could do, aided by a few courageous women. 
They listened, with hearing made acute by 
fear, for the repetition of the war whoop. 
Now they heard it evidently nearing them 
— Uncle John loaded all the guns — now 
they heard it further away. With pale 
faces and palpitating hearts, they awaited 
the onset. The twilight shades deepened, 
the night closed in, but still the Indians 
did not attack them. 

Now there was an additional anxiety 
among the inmates of the little cabin, for 
it was time for the men to be returning 
from the raising, and as they were un- 
armed, they would fall an easy prey to 
the Indians. 

Meanwhile the men, havingfinished their 
labors, were returning home, all uncon- 
scious of the danger menacing them. They 
reached home, but were surprised to find 
those homes deserted. "Come on to my 
house," said Uncle Rufus, "perhaps the 
women were lonesome, and have gone to 
make my wife a visit." So, not knowing 
what else to tlo, they went on. Yes, there 
was a light at Uncle Rufus ', sure enough, 
and a glance sufficed to show that there 
was some unusual commotion within. What 
could it be? 

" Hark, I hear voices," cried one of the 
women, " it is the Indians this time, sure." 



The children began to cry, and I suppose 
it would have been very delicate if the 
women had fainted, but they did no such 
thing. 

"What are you all about here? why 
don't you let us in?" cried Uncle Rufus, 
shaking the door. The door was opened 
speedily, and instead of being scalped by 
the Indians, they fell into the arms of their 
astonished husbands. 

" What is all this pow-wow about, any- 
way?" said one. Then Uncle John ex- 
plained how he had heard the Indian war- 
whoop off in the woods, and had gathered 
the women and children there together 
for protection. The men burst into a loud 
laugh. "It was the wolves," said Squire 
Wait, "we heard them howling on the 
mountain as we came home. I'll be bound 
there isn't a red-skin within 50 miles." 

Uncle John was somewhat crestfallen, 
but he was rather glad after all that it 
wasn't Indians, for he preferred to have 
his scalp in its proper place, rather than 
dangling from the red-skins' belts. 

Sometime in 1814, there was a rumor 
current of great treasure buried by the 
Spanish Legions at the forks of Shepherd's 
brook, and William Boyce, having a desire 
for " the root of all evil," resolved to find 
it. He engaged one Arad Sherman, a 
man of such magical powers that in his 
hands a witch-hazel rod performed as 
many antics as the rod of Aaron, and they 
went about the search. Arad took the 
enchanted rod, and lo ! it pointed out the 
exact location of the buried treasure, but 
it remained for them to dig and get it. It 
had been revealed to Arad that they must 
dig in the night time, and no word must 
be spoken by any one of the number dur- 
ing the whole time of the digging, else the 
treasure would be lost to them. So one 
night they started on their secret expedi- 
tion. Nothing was heard but the dull thud 
of the bars in the earth, and grating of the 
spade. The earth was obstinate, but they 
were determined no powers of earth should 
cheat them of their treasure. The hours 
wore on, when suddenly William's bar 
struck against the iron chest containing the 
treasure, with a sharp " clink." Over- 



FAYSTON. 



i«i 



joyed at their success, William forgot the 
caution and cried out " I've found it !" At 
that instant the box shook with an ominous 
rattle, and sank down, down, far below the 
sight of their longing eyes, taking the«bar 
and all with it, says the tradition. Fright- 
ened nearly out of their wits, they "ske- 
daddled" for home, sadder if not better 
men, and the treasure remains buried there 
to this day. 

In the winter of 1826, a beautiful doe 
was run down Shepherd's brook to Mad 
river, near Jason Carpenter's and brought 
up in an open eddy out of the reach of the 
dogs. Judge Carpenter caught it in his 
arms, and, seven or eight hunters coming 
up just then, he told them that they could 
not have the doe, but each one of them 
might go and select a sheep from his flock, 
if they would go home .about their busi- 
ness. Nothing but the beautiful doe would 
satisfy these blood-thirsty hunters, and, 
seizing the deer by main force, they killed 
it on the spot. 

Pigeons were abundant. One device 
for keeping them off the grain patches was 
a boy threshing a log chain around a 
stump. They used also to construct bough 
houses on the edge of the field, and draw 
a huge net over the baiting place, thus se- 
curing dozens at a haul. Partridges were 
caught on their drumming logs in snares, 
or, if not there, the gunner was sure to 
find them in some thicket. So it came to 
be a proverb, " hunted like a partridge." 

In early days Uncle Moses Eaton used 
to bring corn from Richmond on the backs 
of two horses, the roads not being passable 
for any vehicle. 

On his journey Uncle Moses met Uncle 
Joe Clark, of Duxbury, at Pride's tavern 
in Waterbury. " Now," said Uncle Joe, 
" you will want some pork to go with that 
corn, and you just call at my house, and 
tell Aunt Betsey to put you up a good clear 
piece of pork." The next time they met 
Uncle Moses said, "I called on Aunt Bet- 
sey, as you told me, and she raised her 
hands and blessed herself, saying, " What 
on airth does that man mean, sending any 
one here for pork, when he knows that we 
hanit had any kind of meat in the house 



for six months ?" But Uncle Joe enjoyed 
the joke hugely. 

In Fayston there was considerable snow 
on the 8th and 9th of June, 18 16, and 
everything was frozen down to the ground. 
The trees put out new leaves three times 
during that season, having been cut off 
twice by frost; hardly anything ripened, 
and the settlers saw dreary times. 

WILLIAM NEWCOMB 

came to the township quite early in its set- 
tlement, and finished his days here. He 
built one of the first framed houses in 
town, Esquire Wait's being the first ; Mr. 
Newcomb and Merrill Tyler each built 
theirs the same year, but I am unable to 
learn in what year. Mr. Newcomb's farm 
was occupied by his son Hoseamany years, 
but has passed into the hands of strangers. 
The old house was burned during a high 
wind, in Oct. 1878. 

Dr. Dan Newcomb, son of Hosea New- 
comb, was born and reared here, but has 
been for several years a practicing physi- 
cian in Steele County, 111. He is also the 
author of a medical work entitled, " When 
and How," a work of considerable merit. 
Don Carlos, another son, is a prominent 
wholesale merchant of Atchison, Kansas. 

NATHAN AND JACOB BOYCE. 

In 1808, Nathan Boyce and his wife, 
Zeviah, came to Fayston, and settled on 
Shephard's brook, near Paul Bdyce, of 
whom he was a relative, and also of the 
Quaker faith. Nathan Boyce died many 
years ago ; his wife in 1856, aged about 90, 
I think. She resided with her son Jacob, 
who died in 186-. His wife still survives 
him, at the age of 81 (1878. She is still 
living, Aug. 1881.) She lives on the old 
farm with her son, Seth Boyce. The farm 
has always remained in the family. 

Jacob Boyce had 4 sons and 4 daughters, 
all of whom, save one, are settled in Fays- 
ton or the immediately adjacent towns. 

BRIGHAM FAMILY. 

In 1809, Gershom Brigham and family 
emigrated from Winchester, N. H., and 
settled in South Fayston, near Lynde 
Wait's. Elisha, their third child, was then 
17 years old, and eventually settled on the 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



same land, his other brothers and sisters 
finding other homes. His parents resided 
with him while they lived, and their bones 
rest in the little green grave-yard on the 
old Wait farm. Elisha lived here to ripe 
old age, raising a family of 1 1 children, all 
of whom are now living except one daugh- 
ter, who died at the age of 42. The two 
eldest sons and the two youngest daughters 
of this family have some literary talent, 
having all contributed to the press accept- 
ably, in prose and verse. The eldest son, 
[See separate notice of Dr. G. N. Brigham] . 

Elisha Brigham died in 1863, aged 70 
years; his widow in 1876, aged ']']. The 
old home that she had resided in for more 
than 40 years, took fire in some mysterious 
manner, and was burned in the early morn- 
ing hours, when her demise was hourly 
expected. She was borne from the flam- 
ing house to the home of a neighbor, and 
breathed her last in the very house whence 
she went on her wedding day to be mar- 
ried 59 years before. 

Mrs. Brigham was a woman of remark- 
able powers, mental and physical. Left an 
orphan by the death of her mother at the 
age of 12, she came from Randolph, Vt., 
her native place, to reside in the family of 
Esquire Wait, so she became early identi- 
fied with the history of the town. Her re- 
markably vigorous constitution and ambi- 
tion to excel, fitted her for the position of 
a pioneer's wife, and she endured the hard- 
ships and deprivations consequent on the 
building up of a new place, with great 
fortitude. With a large family of her own 
and many cares, yet she acted as nurse for 
half the town, and such was her skill in the 
management of the sick, that the old phy- 
sician, now dead, used always, if he had 
a critical case, to send for Mrs. Brigham, 
and said, with her to nurse them, he felt 
pretty sure of bringing his patients through. 
Her very presence and touch seemed to 
bring healing with them. 

When Mrs. Brigham was a fair, young 
wife of 19, she was small, lithe and supple, 
with nerves of steel, and she never shrank 
from any of the hardships of her life. 
They then made sugar nearly a mile from 
j-he house. It was growing late in the 



spring, and Mr. Brigham was' anxious to 
be about his spring's work, and his wife, 
being equally anxious for a good supply of 
sugar, offered to go with her sister, a girl 
of 17, and boil in the sap. Taking the 
baby with them, they started for the sugar- 
camp. It was late in .spring and quite 
warm, and babies were not killed by a 
breath of fresh air in those days. They 
boiled sap all day, Mrs. B. gathering in 
some sap near the boiling place. In the 
afternoon they heard a good deal of bark- 
ing off in the woods, but supposed it was 
some hounds after foxes. Mr. Brigham 
did not get up to the sugar-camp to bring 
down the syrup till nine o'clock, they stay- 
ing there alone until that time. A neigh- 
bor passing through the camp early the 
next morning, found a sheep dead at the 
foot of a tree where Mrs. Brigham had 
gathered sap at sundown. The sheep was 
still warm when Mr. Brigham arrived on 
the spot. On looking around, they found 
20 sheep had been killed by the wolves. 
Mrs. Brigham and her fair sister did not 
care to boil till nine o'clock the next night. 
On one occasion Mrs. Brigham, desiring 
to get some weaving done, mounted an un- 
broken, 3-years-oldcolt, that had never had 
a woman on his back before, and started 
on a ride of 4 miles through the woods, to 
Wm. Farr's, with a bag of yarn fastened to 
the saddle-bow. There was only a bridle- 
path part of the way, and the colt was shy, 
but he found his match in the little woman 
of scarce 100 pounds' weight, and carried 
her safely to her destination. Her busi- 
ness dispatched at Mr. Farr's, she started 
homeward by another route, having oc- 
casion to call at one William Marsten's,who 
lived far up on the road leading over the 
mountain into Huntington, and from thence 
homeward by a route so indistinctly mark- 
ed, blazed trees being the guide, she mis- 
took a path worn by the cattle for the 
traveled road, and did not discover her 
mistake till she came up to the pasture 
fence. Nothing daunted, she took down 
the fence, passed over, then replaced it, 
and went over, being then so near home 
that she felt pretty sure of her whereabouts. 
After the colt became better broken, she 



FAYSTON. 



i«3 



used often to take one child in her arms 
and another behind her, and go to the 
store, 3 or 4 miles distant, or visit a distant 
neighbor, or to go to meeting. 

JOTHAM CARPENTER 

was the first settled minister, and received 
the minister lot of land in this town. How 
many years he remained here I know not, 
but he has one son now living in Brook- 
field. 

Preaching has generally been of a desul- 
tory character, owing to the fact that North 
and South Fayston are divided by a nat- 
ural barrier of hills, that makes it far more 
convenient for the North section to go to 
Moretown, and the South part is more ac- 
cessible to Waitsfield, so that it seems 
probable that the different sections will 
never unite in worship. The people in N. 
Fayston have an organized Baptist society, 
and have quite frequent preaching,- and 
some years hire a minister, and many 
years ago, the Methodists had quite a large 
society in So. Fayston, but it has been 
dismembered a long time, and most of its 
former members are dead, and those re- 
maining have united with the Methodist 
church in Waitsfield. 

John and Rufus Barrett were among the 
early settlers, and one Thomas Green, but 
as they have no descendants remaining in 
town, I cannot tell when they .settled here, 
but they were here as early as 1803, it is 
believed. 

Elizabeth, widow of John Barrett, died 
in Waitsfield a few years since (1878) 
aged 93 years. She survived her husband 
many years. 

One Jonathan Lamson died in town sev- 
eral years ago, at the age of 84. His wife 
lived to the age of 107 years. Timothy 
Chase died at the age of 91 ; his wife, Ruth, 
some years earlier, over 80. Lynde Wait, 
the first settler, moved from town many 
years ago, and eventually went West, and 
I have learned, died at an advanced age, 
over 80. Nearly all the early settlers 
whom I have known, lived to ripe old age, 
but they have passed away, and with them 
much of the material for a full history of 
the town. I have gathered as much as I 



could that is reliable, but even the last 
two, from whom I have elicited most of 
the facts recorded here, have now gone to 
their long homes,' and much that I have 
gathered here would now be forever sealed 
in silence, had I began my work a little 
later. 

CAPT. ELLIOT PORTER, 

the first captain of the militia in the town, 
was born in Hartford, Vt., 1785, married 
Sidney Ward in 181 1, and soon after re- 
moved to Fayston, where they began to 
clear them a home in the North part of 
the town, where they resided till their 
death. He died at the age of 89 ; his wife 
at 86. They had 8 children. William E. 
Porter, their son, died at 57 ; 4 sons are 
now living. 

WILLARD B. PORTER, 

son of Elliot, has always resided in town, 
near where he was born, and has served 
the town in almost every official capacity. 
He has been town clerk 31 years, school 
district clerk 25 years, treasurer 14 years, 
justice of the peace 30 years, and in that 
capacity married 86 couple. He has rep- 
resented the town 6 sessions, including i 
extra session, and has attended 2 consti- 
tutional conventions. Mr. Porter says the 
first school he attended was in his father's 
log-house chamber ; the scholars, his eldest 
brother, himself and one Jane Laws ; the 
teacher's name, Elizabeth Sherman. Mr. 
Willard Porter has done more business 
for the town than any other person now 
living. 

WARREN C. PORTER 

served as a soldier during nearly the whole 
war of the Rebellion, and has taught school 
24 terms. Dr. Wilfred W. Porter, see 
separate notice. Walter, the youngest 
son, remains on the old homestead, and it 
was his care to soothe the declining years 
of his parents as they went slowly down 
the dark valley. 

There was no death occurred in the 
family of Elliot Porter for 50 years. 

Vi^ILLIAM SHERMAN 

was among the early settlers of Fayston, 
though I am not informed in what year he 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



settled here. He represented the town in 
the general assembly, and held other town 
offices. His daughter, widow of Eli Bruce, 
still lives on the old honaestead that he re- 
deemed from the wilderness. 

ELI BRUCE 

was a long-time resident of Fayston, and 
did a large amount of business for the 
town, several times being the represent- 
ative, and justice of peace for many years. 
He died at the age of 69. His daughter 
was the first person buried in the cemetery 
in N. Fayston. 

SILAS W. FISHER 

resides in N. Fayston, on the farm where 
he has lived for 50 years. His wife has 
been dead some years. He has two sur- 
viving sons ; one in the West, and the 
other, CM. Fisher, is constable of Fays- 
ton at the present time— 1878, He died 
in 1879. 

BENJAMIN B. FISHER 

was the first postmaster in town, and held 
the office till his death, and his wife held 
the office 4 years afterwards. Truman 
Murray is the present incumbent. 

RILEY MANSFIELD 

came to the town when he was quite a 
young man, and passed his days here, 
dying in 1876, aged 75 ; his wife in 1874; 
out of a large family, there is only one sur- 
viving child of theirs. 

JOSEPH MARBLE 

came to Fayston in September, 1809, and 
with his wife Susan passed the remnant of 
his days here, dying at the age of 84 ; his 
wife at 81. They had 11 children, two 
only are living (1878.) One daughter in 
Wisconsin, and Benjamin on the farm 
where his father began 70 years ago. He 
is I think now over 80 years of age — is 
still living, aged 86. Cynthia, daughter of 
Joseph Marble, and widow of Peter Quim- 
by, died Aug., 1878, aged 74. 

One fall, Joseph Marble, Jr., had a log- 
rolling, to build a new house, the old one 
giving signs of failing up. In the evening 
the rosy cheeked lasses from far and near 
joined with the athletic youths in a dance. 
It wasn't the "German," nor waltz, nor 



polka, but a genuine jig. It was a merry 
company who beat time to the music of a 
corn-stalk fiddle in farmer Marble's kitch- 
en, the jocund laugh and jest followed the 
" O be joyful," as it went its unfailing 
round, which it always did on such occa- 
sions. They grew exceedingly merry, and 
one fellow, feehng chock full and running 
over with hilarity, declared "When they 
felt like that they ought to kick it ojit.''^ So 
they put in " the double shuffle, toe and 
heel," with such zest that the decayed 
sleepers gave way. Down went floor, 
dancers, corn-stalk fiddle, and all, into 
the cellar. Whether the hilarious fellow 
" kicked it out" to his satisfaction, we are 
not informed, but if his fiddle was injured 
in its journey it could be easily replaced. 

In 1830, a little daughter of William 
Marston, 4 years old, strayed from home, 
and wandered on and on in the obscure 
bridle path. She came out at one Carpen- 
ter's, in Huntington, having crossed the 
mountain, and spent a day and a night in 
the woods ; and beasts of prey, at that 
time were numerous upon the mountains. 

Jonathan Nelson had a son and daugh- 
ter lost in the woods about 1842. The 
boy was 12 years of age, the girl younger. 
After a toilsome search, they were found 
on the second day, unharmed, near Cam- 
el's Hump. 

In 1847, the alarm was given that a 
little son of Ira Wheeler, 4 years old, had 
not returned from school. The neighbors 
turned out, and searching all day returned 
at night without any trace of the lost one. 
The mothej was almost distracted. The 
search was continued the second day with 
no better results. I remember hearing 
my brother say, as he took a quantity of 
provisions with him on the third day, that 
they were "resolved not to return home 
again until the boy was found either dead 
or alive," though many thought that he 
must have perished already, either from 
hunger and fatigue, or from the bears in- 
festing the woods. He was soon found in 
the town of Duxbury, several miles from 
home, having been nearly 3 days and 
nights in the woods. He had carried his 
dinner-pail when he started from school 



FAYSTON. 



185 



at night, and providentially some of the 
scholars had given him some dinner that 
day, so that his own remained untouched. 

This being the second time the men had 
been called out to hunt for lost children in 
5 years, some of them were getting rather 
tired of the thing, whereupon Ziba Boyce 
drew up a set of resolutions and read them 
on the occasion, after the child was found, 
and all were feeling as jolly as such weary 
mortals could. I have not a copy of them 
all, but it was resolved " that mothers be 
instructed to take care of their children, 
and not let them wander oiT into woods to 
be food for the bears, or for the neighbors 
to hunt up." 

There have been no more lost children 
to search for in Fayston since that, so we 
may suppose it to have been effective. 

Fayston, along with other towns, has 
suflered from freshets at various times. In 
the year 1830, occurred what was known 
as the "great freshet." Buildings were 
swept away, one person was drowned, and 
others barely escaped. The famous 
"Green Mountain slide," which began 
within a few feet of the summit, where 
the town is divided from Buel's Gore, 
in sight of the homestead where I was 
born, occurred in the summer of 1827. 
It had rained quite hard some days, and 
the soil, becoming loosened, gave way, 
carrying with it trees, rocks, and the debris 
of ages, on its downward course. Gath- 
ering impetus as it advanced, for the moun- 
tain is very steep here, it went thundering 
down the mountain side a distance of a 
mile or more, with a crash and rumble 
that shook the earth for miles around, like 
an earthquake. One branch of Mill brook 
comes down from here, and, being dam- 
med up by the debris of this grand ava- 
lanche, its waters accumulated till it be- 
came a miniature lake, then overleaping 
its barriers it rushed down to its work 
of destruction below. In July, 1858, a 
destructive freshet visited Fayston, and 
the towns adjacent. It had been exceed- 
ingly dry, and water was very low. At 
7 o'clock in the afternoon, on Satur- 
day, July, 3, the workmen in the mill of 
Campbell & Grandy were desiring rain, 



that they might run the mill. They got 
what they desired, only got too much ; for 
instead of running the mill they ran for 
their lives, and let the mill run itself, as it 
did very rapidly down stream, in less than 
2 hours after the rain commenced. The 
old saying "it never rains but it pours" 
was verified ; it came in sheets. I remem- 
ber watching the brooks surging through 
our door-yard ; we felt no alarm, thinking 
a thunder shower not likely to do much 
damage. We retired to rest, and slept 
undisturbed, not being in the vicinity of 
the large streams. We learned in the 
morning every bridge between Fayston 
and Middlesex, but one, was swept away. 
Campbell & Grandy's mill went off before 
10 o'clock, and the house pertaining to the 
mill was so much undermined by the water, 
the inmates left, taking what valuables 
they could with them. Mr. Green's fam- 
ily also deserted their house. The water 
was several feet deep in the road, but, the 
storm soon subsiding, the houses did not 
go off. 

A clapboard mill owned by Brigham 
brother, on Shepherd's brook, was ruined. 
Not a mill in town escaped a good deal of 
injury. Many people left their houses, 
expecting them to be carried down the 
seething flood, and but one bridge of any 
account was left in town, and the roads 
were completely demoralized ! 

This storm seemed a local one, not 
doing much damage except in the towns 
in the Mad river basin and on tributary 
streams. I have heard it speculated that 
two rain clouds met on the mountain 
ridges. Be that as it may, I think two 
hours' rain seldom did such damage in any 
locality. 

In the freshet of 1869, Fayston suffered 
less than many other towns, but several 
bridges were carried off, the roads cut up 
badly, mill dams swept away, etc. 

The mill rebuilt on the site of the one 
swept away in 1858, this time owned by 
Richardson & Rich, was again carried off, 
but as considerable of the machinery was 
afterward found, Mr. Richardson deter- 
mined to rebuild, putting it a few rods 
lower down the stream. He has built a 



24 



i86 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



fine, large mill there, and feels secure this 
mill shall stand. 

Fayston is a veiy healthy town. There 
are several living in town over 80 years 
of age. 

[This was written in 1867.] 

ELISHA BRIGHAM 

was born in old Marlboro, Mass., 1792. 
In the common school he obtained all the 
education he ever had beyond the poor 
chance of gleaning a little, here and there, 
from a limited supply of books, amid a 
multitude of cares at home ; but at the 
age of 12, he had mastered most of Pike's 
Arithmetic ; performing more examples 
by the feeble light of an old-fashioned 
chimney fire-place, than at school. So 
engaged was he that he often went to bed 
on a difficult problem, to dream it out on 
his pillow. From Old Marlboro, the fam- 
mily removed to Winchester, N. H., and 
there hearing of the emigration to the 
Winooski, and Mad River Valleys, they cast 
lots with the pioneers to this then wilderness 
country, and removed on to the tract of 
land owned in the present homestead. 
Elisha, now 16, began to take the lead in 
business, his father being very infirm. 
About half a dozen families were settled in 
the south part of the town, having made 
little openings in the forest, with no well 
worked road into the town. He and two 
other members of the family, came the 
first year to roll up the log-house. The 
next year all came on, and a family of 8 
persons, several children younger than 
himself, seemed to be dependent on him, 
even so young, as a foster-father and a 
guardian. He commenced levelling the 
old forest trees, and bringing into tillage, 
meadow and pasturage. Early and late 
he toiled, and year by year the meadow 
widened, and the line of woods receded. 

In the earliest business transactions of 
the town, we find the name of Elisha Brig- 
ham. There was hardly a year from that 
time till his death, but what he held 
some town office. But what most distin- 
guished him was his exact honesty. No 
man could ever say that he defrauded him 
of the least in this world's goods. He 
would rather suffer wrong than to do 



wrong. He never could oppress the weak, 
as, instinctively, his whole nature prompted 
him to espouse their cause. And his reli- 
gious example was the crowning glory of 
the man. He was the real pioneer of 
Methodism in the town ; for many years 
leader in all their social meetings, and 
around him grew up a thriving class. In 
this earlier history of the community it 
might well have been christened the home 
of the good. Class-leader and chorister, 
he guided them encouragingly on, and yet 
his manner was never exciting, hardly, 
even, could it be said to be fervid or warm ; 
but solid goodness, tenderness, and genu- 
ine interest in all that pertained to the 
soul's welfare, were manifest. The waver- 
ing came to him, for he never faltered ; the 
weak, because he was a pillar of strength. 
He was a man of no doubts in his religious 
belief, and a man living not by emotion, 
but principle, and his home was one of 
hospitality ; particularly was the preacher 
his guest. 

In 18 16, collector, often juror and select- 
man, many years lister, nearly always high- 
way-surveyor, district clerk or committee 
man. In all his more active life, however, 
he was nearly alone in his politics, he 
being a thorough whig, while the town 
was intensely democratic. For which rea- 
son probably he was never sent to the 
Legislature of the State, as this seems to 
be the only office of importance which he 
at some time has not held. 

At the age of 24, he married Sophronia 
Ryder. They had 12 children, but one of 
whom died in infancy ; the rest were all 
living in 1863. One daughter died in 
July, 1866; the rest are all living, 1881. 
And in the fullness of affection and ten- 
derness all will say he was a good father. 
Daily he gatliered them around his fam- 
ily altar, while they lived with him, and 
sought for them the reconciliation of 
God. He walked before them soberly, 
patiently, peaceably. His soul seemed 
like an unruffled river, gliding ever tran- 
quil and even in its banks almost alike 
in sunshine and in storm. He had no 
enemies; but was Grandfather, and "Un- 
cle Elisha," to all the neighborhood. Even 




W. W. PORTER. 



FAYSTON. 



187 



the old and young far out of his own im- 
mediate neighborhood, called him by the 
sobriquet of Uncle Elisha, and seemed to 
mourn for him as for a good old uncle. 
His family physician remarked of him after 
his decease, that he was " the one man of 
whom he could say, he did not know that 
he had an enemy in the world. He was a 
peacemaker." 

ONLY A LITTLE WHILE. 
BY MKS. LAURA BKIGHAM BOYCE. 

Ouly a little while 
Lingers the springtime with Its sun and dew 

And song of birds, and gently falling rain. 
And springing flowers, on hillside and on plain. 

Clothing the earth in garments fresh and new. 

Only a little while 
The summer tarries with its sultry heat; 

Showering its smiles upon the fruitful land, 
Ripening the harvest for the reaper's hand, 

Ere autumn shall the fruitful work complete. 

Only a little while 
The autumn paints with gorgeousness the leaves. 

Ere wintry winds shall pluck them from the bough 
To drape the earth's dark, corrugated brow, — 

Then hasten, loiterer, gatlier in thy sheaves. 

Only a little while 
The winter winds shall moan and wildly rave. 

While the fierce storm-king walks abroad in might, 
Clothing the earth in garments pure and white. 

Ere the grim monarch, too. shall find a grave. 

Ouly a little while, 
lille's spring-time lingers, and our youthful feet 

Through flowery paths of innocence are led. 
And joyous visions fill our careless head ; 

Too bright, alas ! as beautiful as fleet. 

Only a little while 
Life's summer waits with storm and genial suu. 

With days of toil and nights of calm repose; 
We find without its thorn we pluck no rose. 

And spring-time visions vanish one by one. 

Only a little while 
Ere autumn comes and life is on the wane ! 

Happy for us if well our work be done. 
For if we loitered in the summer's sun. 

How shall we labor in the autumn rain ? 

Only a little while, 
And winter comes apace ; the hoary head. 

And palsied limbs, tell of the labors past, 
Aud victories won— all I soon shall be the last,— 

And they shall whisper softly " lie is dead." 

W. W. PORTER 

was born in Fayston, July 24, 1826. He 
was the 4th son of Elliot Porter and Sidney 
Ward, the former a native of Hartford, the 
latter a native of Poultney, Vt., and a 
daughter of Judge William Ward, judge in 
Rutland Co. 22 years. 

Wilfred spent his time until he was 17 
on the farm, and attending school winters ; 



at which time he commenced studying falls 
and springs, and teaching winters, attend- 
ing the academies at Montpelier and Ba- 
kersfield, and working on the farm during 
the summer months until he was 22 years 
of age. 

As early as fifteen he had set his mind 
upon the medical profession for life, and 
bent all his energies in that direction. 
Having studied medicine some time pre- 
viously, he, at 22, entered the office of Dr. 
G. N. Brigham, and began the study of 
medicine, which he continued suinmers, 
teaching school falls and winters for i.^ 
year, when he entered the medical college 
at Woodstock, where he remained one 
term, and afterwards at Castleton, Vt.,for 
two terms, graduating from that college in 
the fall of '51, when he came to Syracuse, 
and entered the office of Dr. Hiram Hoyt 
for a short time; May, 1852, entered the 
school at Geddes as principal teacher for 
one year, and May 16, 1853, opened an 
office in that place to practice his profession, 
which he has continued until the present. 

At the close of his first year, the res- 
ident doctor of Geddes died, leaving him 
in full possession of the field. Dr. Porter 
rose rapidly, and by integrity of purpose 
and dealing, grew into a very large and lu- 
crative practice, which he carried on for 15 
years, as it were, alone, after which he 
had partners in the practice of medicine. 

His practice gradually extended to the 
city of Syracuse, when, in 1875, the de- 
mand upon him for medical treatment from 
that city became so great that he opened 
an office there, which he alternately at- 
tends upon, with his home office in Geddes. 
He has been for 25 years a member of the 
Onondaga County Medical Society, and for 
one term its president, and a permanent 
meinber of the New York State Medical 
Society ; also a member of the American 
Medical Association, and upon organiza- 
tion of the College of Medicine of Syracuse 
University, in 1872, he was appointed clin- 
ical professor of obstetrics and gynaecology 
the first year, and at the end of the year, 
professor in full, which position he still re- 
tains. 

His skill in the treatment of diseases has 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



won for him a position in the esteem of the 
people to be envied by young practitioners, 
and his indomitable perseverance and en- 
durance of body have enabled him to grat- 
ify, in a great measure, the laudable am- 
bition of his earlier years — to be among 
the first in his profession. He was one of 
the first movers in the organization and 
establishment of a university at Syracuse, 
and since its beginning has been a trustee 
and closely identified with all its interests, 
and has been largely identified with the pub- 
lic schools of his town since his first resi- 
dence there, being supt. of the schools 
of the town for gome 2 years, and trustee 
of the village school for some 25 years ; 
also being president of the board of educa- 
tion. 

He and his wife are warmly attached to 
the Methodist Episcopal church, and are 
not only liberal supporters of the same, 
but of any enterprise they regard as look- 
ing to the building up of good society. 

In the year 1853, Nov. 13, he married 
Miss Jane, daughter of Simeon Draper and 
Clarissa Stone, of Geddes ; children, Clara 
A., George D. (deceased), Wilfred W. 
Jr., Jane and Louie. 

LONGEVITY RECORD IN 1 88 1. 

Ruth Chase died in 1865, aged 84 ; Tim- 
othy Chase in 1875, 93 ; Benj. Corliss, in 
1865, nearly 91 ; Henry Morgan, 1868, 84. 
The wife of Henry Morgan (in Northfield) , 
over 80 years. Her home was in Fayston. 
James Baird died in 1870, aged 81 ; Geo. 
Somerville, 1870, 80; Margarett Strong, 
1870, 98 ; Elizabeth Lamson, in 1872. Her 
friends diiTered as to her age ; some claim- 
ed she was 104 ; others that she was but 
102. Her husband, Jonathan Lamson, 
died some 20 years since, aged between 80 
and 90; Jane McAughindied in 1872, aged 
82; Capt. Elliot Porter, 1874, nearly 90; 
Sidney Porter, his wife, 1875, 86; Joseph 
and Susan Marble, over 80 ; Zeviah Boyce, 
1856, aged about 90; Mehitable Tyler, 
1855, between 80 and 90. Ehzabeth Bar- 
rett died in Waitsfield in 1873, aged 93. 
She was for many years a resident of Fays- 
ton, but moved to W. a short time before 
her death. 



TOWN OFFICERS 187I-1881. 

Town Clerks, WillardB. Porter, 1 871 to 
'80; D. 8. Stoddard, 1880; S. J. Dana, 
1 88 1. Representatives, 1871, none; S. J. 
Dana, 1872 ; M. S. Strong, 1874; D. S. 
Stoddard, 1876; Seth Boyce, 1878; Na- 
than Boyce, 1880. Treasjcrers, D. S. 
Stoddard, 1871, '72; A. D. Bragg, 1875, 
'79; Seth Boyce, 1880, '81. First Select- 
men, C. D. Billings, 1871 ; Dan Boyce, 
1872 ; C. S. Dana, 1874 ; Seth Boyce, 1875 ; 
J. Patterson, 1876; M. S. Strong, 1879; 
John Maxwell, 1878, '79; J. P. Boyce, 
1880, '81. Constables, Cornelius McMul- 
len, 1871, 72; H. G. Campbell, 1873, '74 = 
C. M. Fisher, 1875, '76, '79; S. J. Dana, 
1877,78; Allen S. Howe, 1880; M. S. 
Strong, 1881. Grand Jury, G. O. Boyce, 
i87i,'72, '73, '75 ; W. B.Porter, 1874, '76; 
C. S. Dana, 1877, '78; Seth Boyce, 1879, 
'80; R. Maxwell andWm. Chipman, 188 1. 
School Supt., Grey H. Porter, 1871, '72. 
'73; Rev. J. F. Buzzel, 1874 to 1881. 
Trustees of the Town, Seth Boyce, 1873, 
'79; Geo. Boyce, 1877, '78, '80, '81. Jus- 
tices of the Peace, Willard B. Porter, 1872, 
'74, 76, '78; G. O. Boyce, 1872, '74; D. 
S. Stoddard, 1872, '76, '78, '80; Z. W. 
Boyce, 1872, '74; H. H. Morgan, 1872; 
C. D. Billings, 1874; E. Ainsworth, 1874; 
S. J. Dana, 1876, ^8, '80; O. S. Bruce, 
J. Z. Marble, 1878 ; Nathan Boyce, Stephen 
Johnson, Dan Boyce, 1880. 

GERSHOM NELSON BRIGHAM, M. D., 

for 20 years a practicing physician at Mont- 
pelier, was born in Fayston, Mar. 3, 1820, 
was son of Elisha Brigham, who made his 
pitch in F. with the first settlers. His 
mother, Sophronia Ryder, whose mother 
was Lucy Chase, a relative of the Hon. 
Dudley Chase [See Randolph History, 
vol. II], was a woman of vigorous consti- 
tution and an active, original mind. Sev- 
eral ancestors in the Brigham line have 
been physicians, one of whom wasGershom 
Brigham, of Marlboro, Mass., the old an- 
cestral town of the Brighams of this coun- 
try, the stock tracing back to the parish of 
Brigham in Northumberland Co., Eng- 
land. Dr. G. N. Brigham received his 
education in our common schools, with a 



,-JO0^^ 





FAYSTON. 



189 



year in Wash. Co. Gram. Sch. and a half 
year at Poultney Academy, and studied 
medicine with Dr. David C. Joslyn, of 
Waitsfield, Dr. S. W. Thayer, now of Bur- 
lington, Prof. Benj. R. Palmer, now of 
Woodstock, graduating at Woodstock 
Medical College in 1845, attending three 
courses of lectures. He has practiced 3 
years at Warren, then 3 years at Waits- 
field; removed to Montpelier, 1849; at- 
tended lectures at the college of Physicians 
and Surgeons, N. Y., spending much time 
in the hospitals of the city, about which 
time he became a convert to homoeopathy, 
and was the second person in middle Ver- 
mont to espouse the cause at this time so 
unpopular, and one of si.x who founded the 
State Homoeopathic Society. He has ed- 
ucated quite a number of students in his 
office, among whom, his own son. Dr. 
Homer C. Brigham, of Montpelier, and 
Prof. Wilfred W. Porter, of the Medical 
Department in the Syracuse University. 
While at Montpelier he served a while as 
postmaster ; was town superintendent of 
common schools ; lectured on education, 
temperance and sundry scientific subjects, 
and has been a contributor to medical 
journals, and known to the secular press in 
essays and poetical contributions for over 
25 years. He delivered the class poem be- 
fore the Norwich University in 1870; pub- 
lished in that year a 12 mo. vol., pp. 180, 
" The Harvest Moon and other Poems" at 
the Riverside Press, which with additions 
came out in a second edition. 

The Doctor has since issued a "Work 
on Catarrhal Di-seases," 126 pp., and re- 
ports a work on "Pulmonary Consump- 
tion," nearly ready for press ; that he has 
written this year, 1881, a play in tragedy, 
" Benedict Arnold," that he expects to 
publish. He is regular contributor to three 
medical journals, and has written for as 
many as thirty of the leading newspapers, 
East and West. He married, ist, Laura 
Elvira Tyler, dau. of Merrill Tyler, Esq., 
of Fayston; children, Homer C, Willard 
Irving, Julia Lena, Ida Lenore. His first 
wife died Mar. 12, 1873. He married, 2d, 
Miss Agnes Ruth Walker, dau. of Ephraim 
Walker, Esq., of Springfield. They have 



one child. Dr. Brigham has resided since 
1878, at Grand Rapids, Mich. His son. 
Dr. Homer C, is in practice at Montpel- 
ier. In his poetical writings — not a few — 
the Doctor has always inclined to the pat- 
riotic. 

Aug. i6th, loothanniversary of Benning- 
ton battle. At the meeting of the Ver- 
monter's Society in Michigan, at Grand 
Rapids, Hon. W. A. Howard delivered 
the oration, and Dr. G. N. Brigham, the 
poem. We give an extract. In our crowd- 
ed pages we have scarce room for poetic 
extracts, even, and this appears to be the 
musical town of the County. Such a flock 
of native poets, all expecting by right of 
manor, to sing in the history of their birth 
town, with the one who has written the 
most in this prolific field, we must begin 
to be brief. Haply, he has published too 
widely to be in need of our illustration : 

FROM "THE BATTLE OF BENNINGTON." 

When Freedom's cause in doubtful scale 
Hung trembling o'er Columbia's land, 
And men with sinking hearts turned pale 
That ' gainst the foe there stood no brand, 

Vermont, thy banner rose. 
Green waved thy lofty mountain pine. 
Which thou didst make thy battle sign. 
Then from the mountain fastness thou 
Didst sally with a knitted brow. 

And tyrants felt thy blows. 

The bugle blew no frightful blast 

Where th ' sulphrous smoke its mantle cast. 

For oft thy sons in forest field 

The heavy broadsword learned to wield 

In their old border frays. 
Bred to reclaim the native soil 
With sinewed limb and patient toil, 
The forest path to stoutly fend. 
Where foes did lurk, or wild beasts wend. 

No danger did amaze. 

Free as the mountain air they breathe. 
The vassal's place they dare disown; 
The blade from scabbard to unsheath 
And see the slaughters harvest sown, 

Ere wrong shall rule the day. 
So when the midnight cry, "To arms! " 
Did reach them at their northern farms, 
They snatched the musket and the powder-horn. 
And shook their brand with patriots' scorn, 

And gathered to the fray. 

Vermont, thy soul's young life was there. 
There from thy rocks up leapt the fire 
That made thy hills the altar-stair 
To holy freedom's star-crowned spire, 

AVhile all the world did doubt. 
In native hearts and native blades 
The freeman's hope forever lives; 
The soul that first in sorrow wades. 
The most to human nature gives 

In sorest times of drought. 



igo 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



The hosts of Albion sleep secure. 
The mountain path to them is sure. 
And In their dreams they wait the day 
To feast and drive the mob away. 

And lora^e on the town. 
That dream to England sealed her doom ; 
They roused to hear the cannon boom. 
And see the mountaineers they scorned 
In serried line of battle formed. 

And on them coming down. 

And who here making pilgrim.ve. 
When told how, with their muskets clubbed. 
Our sires from breastworks drove the foe. 
How here were English veterans drubbed 

By plowmen gloved in steel. 
Shall say, the race keeps not to-day 
The Spartan fire — 

Shall say, if with this trenchant warp 
There run;^ not through a thread of gold; 
Or if the Attic salt still flows 
Through pulsing veins of later mold. 
And pledges colored wine. 

From hence the field of Bennington 
With Concord and with Lexington, 
Upv'n the patriot's scroll sluUl blaze. 
And virtue's hearts procUum her praise. 

Till chivalry's f»a^ shall end — 
Shall tell how Mars did glut his rage. 
How screamed the eagle round her nest. 
When death or freedom was the gage, 
WhUe war unloosed htr battle vest. 

And carn.\ge rode a fieud. 

And where the nations strive and hope. 
And in the breaking darkness grope. 
Here may expiring faith still burn. 
And see the patriot's emblem turn 
Alwve this crimson sea. 

From another poem on the same sub- 
ject : 

How grand thy towering cliffs, where twines 
The hemlock's green to wreath thy crown: 

How bright thy peaks when day declines. 
As there thy glory settles down. 

'\\"heu stirred the border feud, how rang 
The note of war; 

An<) where the wolf ran down her prey 

By grange girt in with woodl.-uul dun. 
The ranger hurrietl to the fray. 
There flashed the border-guardsman's gun. 

And when a mightier cause called for 
Thy sons to draw the sword 



The bngle gave the hills its blast. 

And men in buckskin breeches came. 
Their waists slung with the powder-horn. 

Their hearts with freedom's spark aflame. 
And battled UU the STATE was born. 

thy border cry 

Rang to the Northern cliffs for help. 

When Allen mustered for old Ti., 
Aud drove from there the lion's whelp. 

From there to Hoosick's bloody flume 
M."«rched forth our sires with hearts afl.<ime. 

And snatched the British lion's plume. 
And wrote for us a storied name. 



From a remembrance to \'ermont : 

O, bring the spring that plumes the glen. 
And hearty l>e the greeting: 

We'll think in kindness of the men 

■Wliose hearts to ours gave beating: 

Nor shall their armor rust 

Taken by us iu trust. 



Bathevi in the noon of peace, green, green 

Forever, be those hills: 
dreen where the hoar-tYost builds her screen. 

And winter's goblet fills. 
The frost and cedar green: 

Queen Virgin of the Ancient Jforth. 

Throned spirit of the crags. 
Who called the sturdy Aliens forth 

To weave thy battle-fl.igs. 
We take the sprig of pine. 
Proud of our lineal line. 
Vermont: Vermont: Our childhood's home. 

Still home where'er we roam. 

MISS SUSAN GRIGGS. 

BY -VN-XA B. BRAGG. 

Many elticient teachers of our district 
schools have been reared and educated in 
this town, though the greater part have 
followed teaching but a few terms before 
commencing " Ufe work," but Miss Griggs 
has made teaching the business of her life, 
and in years of service, number of pupils, 
and different branches thoroughly learned 
and imparted to others, has no equal here, 
and perhaps but few in our whole country. 
She was born in this town, Feb. 1S14. 
From her earliest schoolda}-s, her book 
was her favorite companion, often upon 
her wheel-bench, that sentence after sen- 
tence of some coveted lesson might be 
committed to memory, while her hands 
spun thread after thread of wool or flax, 
working willingly for herself and her 
brothers and sisters, as was the custom in 
those days. 

When 12 years of age, her father, an 
earnest Christian man, died, leaving his 
wife and little ones to struggle along the 
path of life alone in God's care. But as in 
his life he had often said, " Susan is our 
student." so in all her young da\-s after 
she seemed to hear his voice encouraging 
her to give her time, talents and life to the 
work of Christian education. She began 
teaching in the Sabbath-school at 13, and 
at 16 in a district-school, where for manv 
vears her time was spent, and in attending 
school, as she completed the course of 



FAYSTON. 



191 



study at Newbury Seminary. In 1850, 
she was one of the teachers sent out to 
the South and West by Gov. Slade. She 
taught one year at Wihnington, N. C, 
and then went toWolcottville, Ind., under 
the direction of Gov. Slade, a small village 
in a new town, first teaching in the family 
of George Wolcott, with the addition of a 
few neighbors' children ; then in a small 
school-house. The school so increased, 
Mr. Wolcott, the founder of the village, 
built a convenient seminary at his own ex- 
pense, furnished with musical instruments, 
library, apparatus, etc. Here she taught 
for 17 years, principal of the school, hav- 
ing sometimes one or two assistant teach- 
ers, and often a hundred pupils. Beside 
the common and higher English branches, 
there were often classes in German, Latin, 
French and painting, and always in music, 
vocal and instrumental, and always a lit- 
erary society, and always a Sabbath-school, 
in which she taught a class, and was some- 
times superintendent. She says "these 
years were full of toil, but bright with hope 
that minds were there awakened to the 
beauties of the inviting realms of purity 
and truth." 

After a short rest with a brother in Mis- 
souri and another in Wisconsin, she re- 
sumed teaching in Fort Wayne College, 
Ind. ; afterward in Iowa about 2 years, and 
is now in Kendallville, Ind., one of a corps 
of 12 teachers; 60 pupils under her charge. 
" Many will rise up and call her blessed." 

Mrs. Celia (Baxter) Brigham, ofEvart, 
Michigan, contributes the following for the 
Baxter family : 

EBER H. BAXTER AND FAMILY 

came to Fayston in April, 1831, and lived 
there 20 years. They had 14 children ; 
one died in infancy. They removed to 
Michigan with 10 children — two remained 
in Fayston — in 185 1 . Albert Baxter, eldest 
son, had then lived in Mich, about 6 years. 
He has been for the last 20 years connected 
with the Grand Rapids Eagle ; is now ed- 
itor of Grand Rapids Daily Eagle. Albert, 
Celia — Mrs. C. B. Brigham ; Rosina — Mrs. 
R. B. Cadwell, now in California; Edwin, 
lawyer in Grand Haven, Mich.; Uri J., 
lawyer in Washington, D. C. ; Sabrina — 



Mrs. S. B. Cooper, Evart, Mich. ; and Vi- 
enna I. — Mrs. V. I. B. Corman, Lowell, 
Mich., of the Baxter family, are more or 
less known as occasional authors in prose 
and poetry. T\^lve children, the father 
now in his 80th year (1879) still survive. 
Ira C, sixth son, left his body on the field 
of Chickamauga, Sept. 20, 1863. E. 1 1. 
Baxter was town clerk and justice of peace 
in Fayston for several years. 

MR.S. CELIA \\. BRIGHAM 

has written many years for press, and for 
many newspapers and journals short poems. 
She has sent us for her representation in 
the dear old birthtown, a rather pretty col- 
lection, for which we can make room only 
for the following : 

TO MY SLEEPING BABE. 
Gently, little cherub, gently 

Droop those weary eyelids now; 
Slumber's hand is pressing lightly. 

Softly on thy cloudless brow. 
Meekly, little sleeper, meekly 

Folded on tly guileless breast 
Dimpled hands of pearly whiteness — 

Lovely is thy " rosy rest." 
CalnUy, little dre.inier. calmly 

Beats that tiny heart of thine— 
As tlie pulses of tlie leallet, 

Rocked to rest at eventime. 
Soaiy, little darling, softly 

Dies away thy mother's song; 
And the angels come to guard thee. 

Through the night hours, lone and long. 
Sweetly, blessed infant, sweetly 

Fall their wldspers on thine ear; 
Smiles are on thy lips of coral — 

Snowy pinions hover near. 

TO AN UNSEEN MINSTREL. 

The lark may sing to the chickadee. 

From his lofty azure throne,^ 
Nor feel the thrill in the maple tree. 

Where his listener sits alone; 
Even thus, thy spirit sings to me — 
Hearest thou the answering tone? 
From their sunward flight, can thy tireless wings 
Ever fold where the forest warbler sings? 
Thou caliest the voices of long ago 

From level-trodden graves, 
As the wind may call an echoing note 

From out the dark sea caves— 
As the burning stars of heaven may call 
To the restless, heaving waves— 
That, ever-changing beneath their gaze. 
Can answer only lu broken rays! 

THE NEGLECTED BIBLE. 

Precious, but neglected Bible! 

Let me ope thy lids once more. 
And, with reverential feelings. 

Turn the sacred pages o'er. 



19:2 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



Source of joy au«l cousolalioa, 

Vaiuly Jo«?s thy tbuut supply 
Me with life's pure crystal waters— 

Lo! I lauguish, faiut aiid <.iie: 

Not b«caus« ts sealed the ft>uutaiu 

That could sootlie the^eenest woo ; 
Not because the stream uufaiUiig 

Hath oue uiouieut ceased to flow ; 
But because luy thirsty spirit, 

Seekiug bitter draught. pasi>ed by. 
Heedlessly, the liviujj waters — 

Lo ! I languish, tUiut and die : 

Descriptive of how many a Vemionter 
felt in 1851. is a little "sonnet" below, by 
Elisha Aldis Brigham, sent me by Mrs. 
Brigham. that her husband may. as well as 
herself, have a little niche in the history of 
their native town : 

SONNET. 

O, tell uje uot of Liberty's bright land : 
Where waa by brother tuau is bought and sold: 
To toil iu sweat aud tears, for others gold. 
Obedient to a tyrant's steru command; 
Where children part upon the auction staud 
To meet no more. :uid weeping parents torn 
Asunder — slave-bound captives long to mourn. 
Are scattered tar and wide, a broken baud. 
Where Justice on proud Freedom's altar sleeps. 
Where mercy's voice is never heard to sigh ; 
Where pity's hand ne'er wipes the tearful eye 
Of AlVie's exiles, who iu misery weep— 
The millions three who wear oppression's brand; 
Oh: call it not sweet Freedom's happy land! 
Faystou, Feb. 1851. 

A whole budget fix»m natives in the 
West : We will not give any one's long 
piece entire ; but not having the heart to 
leave any son or daughter who knocks at 
the old Green Mountain door, out entirely, 
even if they are unfortunately a "poet," 
we shall give some one short extract, or 
sonnet for all who have sent home their 
pieces for Fayston, and let the dry old, 
only statistici,uis, growl as they may. Here 
comes the Fayston men and women of the 
pen for a page or two : First, a long poem, 
almost a news-column, fine print, "written 
in my chamber at Washington, on the an- 
niversary eve of the assassination of Presi- 
dent Lincoln." We will have six or seven 
verses from 

THE ANNIVERSARY OF THE ASSASSINATION. 

BY U. J. BAXTEK. 

Why sound the bells 
So mournfully upon the air of night? 
Why volley fortli the guns upon the night. 

With sudden peal that tells 
Of darkling horror aud of dire aUright ? 



The morn shall ope 
With a dread tale that tells of dark eclipse— 
Of a dark deed that throws its black eclipse 

On all a nation's hope. 
And smites the joy that fllled a nation's lips ? 

Stricken and low : 
Aye, let us weep — weep tor the guilt and crime — 
The ingrate sense — the cowatii guilt aud crime! 

Dissolve iu tears and woe 
The darkling horror of this monstrous time ! 

His name breathe not. 
His thrice-accursed name, whose brutal hand— 
Whose foul, polluted heart aud brutal baud 

A demon's pii'pose wrought. 
And whelmed in grief our glad, r^oiciug land. 



A nation's heart bowed with him in the dust 

We turn our hop* in vain 
To seek a chieftain worthy of his trust. 

No m.irvel here : 
Two kingliest come uot haply born and twhined — 
Each age its one great soul, nor matched, nor twinned, 

Owuing no mortal peer — 
So is his glory Iu our age uukinned. 

His mantle fell-- 
On whom is not yet shown— yet sure its folds 
Are buried not— its rich and loving folds 

Shall lay some blessed spell 
On him who most his uoble spirit holds. 

Great chieftain: rest: 
Our hearts shall go as pilgrims to thy tomb; 
Our spirits mourn and bless thy martyr tomb; 

We deem thy lot is blest; 
Our love shall tob our sorrow of its gloom. 

All coming time 
Shall ne'er despoil thy glory of its crown- 
Each year shall set its jewels in thy crown- 
Each day bell's passing chime 
Shall add a tongue to speak thy just renown. 

LITTLE BEN. 
BY SABAH BKIUHAM MA:SSFIELD. 

In a lonely spot in a dismal street 
Little Ben sat chaUng his bare, cold feet, 
Aud so hungry, too, for nothing to eat. 

All the long day had poor Ben. 
His mother, alas, had loiw; been dead — 
So long, he could just remember, her and 
The sweet pale face as she knelt by his bed 

And prayed God to bless Little Ben. 

The twilight deepened, how dark it grew. 

And how heavily fell the chill night dew. 

And the moaning wiuds pierced through aud through 

The torm of poor little Ben. 
" Oh : why am I left here alone." he cried, 
" Dear mamma told me before she died 
She was goiug to Heaven ; Oh, mamma,'' he sighed, 

'• Why don't you come for poor Ben ? " 

'* Can you b« happy, tho' in Heaven a saint. 

While I am so cold, so weary, so faint? 

Dear mother, dost hear your poor darling's plaint':* 

Oh, come tor your own little Ben: " 
The morning came with its rosy light. 
And kissed the wan cheeks aud lids so white. 
They were closed for aye: iu the loue ui^bt 

Au augel bad come for poor Ben. 



FAYSTON. 



193 



THE FIRST FLOWER OF SPRIN(i. 
J$Y ZIBA w. BOYCE, (dfcflased.) 
The first April violet beside the bare tree, 
Looking gayly up seerned to be sayliiK Ui nie, 
'• I come with yon robin, sweet spring to recall. 
There caroling above me the gla<i news to all- 
How pleased all yourfeellngs—youreyt and your ear; 
With j?ay exultation you welcome us here; 
Hut In the soon future, surrounded by flowers, 
And.Sujnmer bird's plumage, far frayer than ours. 
Forgotten the perils we willln;^ly bore- 
First messengers t(;lllng of winter no njore." 
I thought of the bird, and the flower, and then 
Confessed It Is thus with all pioneer men. 
Let them labor and suffer new truths to disclose. 
Their wants or their woes there's n(jbody knows. 
The world owns the work when the labor Is done— 
They, the bird and the flower, forgotten and gone. 

THE RAIN. 
BY MBS. D. T. SMITH. 

When from winter's ley spell 
Burst the brooklets In the dell. 

With a song; 
When the early robins call 
From the sunny garden wall. 

All day long; 
When the crocus shows Its face, 
And the fern Its dainty grace. 

And the daffodil; 
And the dandelion bright 
Decks the field wltli golden light 

On the hill; 
When the Spring has waked a world again. 
And the apple-blossoms whiten. 
And the grasses gleam and brighten. 
Then we listen to the rythmic patter of the rain. 

When the lllleE, snowy white. 
Gleam upon the lakelet bright, 

'Mid their leaves; 
And the twittering swallows fly, 
liulldlng nests for by and by, 

'Neath the eaves; 
Koses blush r the dewy morn. 
Bees their honey-fjuest have gone 

Ail the day; 
And the daisies, starry, bright. 
Glisten In the firefly's light 

As they may; 
When Summer decks t)ie mountain and the plain, 
When she binds her golden sheaves. 
Then she til ts her glossy leaves 
In the splashing and the dashing of the rain. 

When the maple forests redden, 

And the sweet ferns brown and deaden 

On the lea, 
Stralghtly furrowed lie the acres. 
And we hear the roar of breakers 

Out at sea; 
When the birds their columns muster. 
And the golden piplus cluster 

On the bough. 
And the autumn breeze Is sighing. 
Springtime past and Summer dying. 

Here and now; 
And autumn winds are filled with sounds of pain 
When the katydids are calling; 
Tl'.en the crimson leaves are falling 
Through the weeping and the moaning of th' rain. 
Dubuque, Iowa. 



THE MOSS-COVERED TROUGH. 
BY 8. MINEltVA BOYCE. 
Tliat'moss-covered trough, decaying there yonder, 

I remember It well when but a child; 
ThoHgh years have flown by, I still love to wander 
Along the old road by the woodland wild. " 

Ah! yes, I remember when full and o'erflowing. 
With the clear, sparkling nectar, so cool; 

The old farmer came with his bucket ft-om mowing. 
And we drank from his cup, then trudged on to 
school. 

And then 'neath the low-spreading maple close by It, 

Were gathered the wUdllugs of May ; 
There blossomed tlie hat of a lad who drew nigh It, 

And blue-bird and robin sang sweeter that day. 

Though now thrown aside, to give room for another, 
All neglected, and moss-grown, and old, 

I still find a charm to be found In none other. 
Were 't carved e'er so lovely, or plated with gold. 

Long ago the old farmer finished his mowing. 
Filled his last bucket, " reape'l his last grain;" 

Then went just beyond where seed-time and sowing 
Win never recall him to labor again. 

And here we give, if we may nip at 
will, the buds, for which we only have 
room, a pretty extract from Saurina Bax- 
ter, born in Fayston : 

BUDS AND BLOSSOMS. 
We walked within my garden 
On a dewy, balmy morn— 



We paused beside a rose-bush. 

The swelling buds to note- 
To drink the gushing fragrance 
Which round us seemed to float; 

One bud we'd viewed but yesternight. 

When very fair It grew— 
We'd waited for the morrow's light 

To see it washed In dew, 
A worm had found the curling leaf. 

Had marred the bursting budlet. 
Had withered stem and flower. 

Alas! for eartlily happiness. 

In bitterness I cried. 
Naught beautiful, naught lovely. 

May on this earth abide! 
A blight is on the floweret, 

A blight Is on the grove, 
A doubly blighting power upon 

Those objects that we love! 

"Mortal! " the voice seemed near. 
And musical the tone. 

Are there no buds, whose brightness 
Outshines the garden rose? 

What worm had nipped the blossom? 
Who answereth for those ? 

" Within the human garden 
How many a floweret lies. 
Despoiled by reckless gardener— 

And In the whispered lays we heard. 
And from the flowers there smiled, 
A plea for human rose-buds — 



25 



194 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



Taking a skipping extract from Emogene 
M. Boyce: 

I paused ojice more, gave a few lingering looks 
At the dear olden place, the remembered noolcs: 
The orchard, tlie garden, the dark, silent mill. 
The little red cot at the foot of the hill, 
Where the little trout brook, still murmured along; 
The old lofty pines sang the same mournful song, 
When with father and mother, we children four. 
Had gathered at eve 'round tlie old cottage door. 

SOLDIERS OF FAYSTON. 

BY DOniJIC S. STODlJAIiD. 

The iTotes of war that rang through the 
land in the winter and spring of 6i were 
not without their effect upon the town of 
Fayston. Her hardy sons willingly re- 
sjionded to their country's call. The fol- 
lowing is the record of services rendered 
and lives given, who served for their own 
town in the order of enlistment : 

Thomas Maxwell, the first resident o 
Fayston to respond to the call for volun- 
teers. He enlisted May 7, 1861, at the 
age of 20 years, in Co. F. 2d Vt. Reg. ; was 
discharged, by reason of sickness, Feb 21, 
1863; re-enhsted Mar. 20, '64, in Co. F. 
17th Vt. Reg. ; severely wounded in the 
Wilderness May 6, '64. The ball entered 
the neck, passed through the roots of the 
tongue, and lodged in the base of the 
head, where it still remains ; discharged 
June 17, '65. 

Mark and Luther Chase, brothers, 
enlisted Aug. 14, '61, in Co. H. 6th Vt. ; 
aged 26 and 18 years. Mark was dis- 
charged May 29, '62 ; reenlisted Nov. 27, 
'63 ; taken prisoner, and died at Ander- 
sonville, Ga., July 3, '64. Luther died in 
hospital Jan. 31, '62. 

Geo. Somerville, age 23, enlisted in 
Co. G. 6th Vt., Aug. 29, '61 ; discharged 
June 23, '62. 

John H. Hunter, age 41 ; enlisted 
Sept. 2, '61, Co. H. 6th Vt. ; chosen cor- 
poral ; discharged ; reenlisted Dec. 15, '63 ; 
lost an arm in the service ; finally dis- 
charged Mar. 10, '65. 

Geo. L. Marble, age 30, enlisted in 
Co. G. 6th Vt., Sept. 10, '61 ; reenlisted 
Feb. 8. '64; taken prisoner Oct. 19, '64; 
supposed to have died in Libby Prison. 

Wm. M. Strong, age 19, enlisted in Co. 
G. 6th Vt., Sept. 23, '6r ; served 3 years; 
mustered out Oct 28, '64. 



Allen E. Mehuren, enlLsted in Co. G. 
6th Vt., Sept. 27, '61, age 23; discharged 
by reason of sickness, Feb. 4, '63. 

Cornelius McMullen, age 29, enlisted 
in Co. B. 6th Vt., Oct. 3, '61, re-enlisted 
Dec. 15, '63, transferred to Co. H. Oct. 
16, '64, served till the close of the war, 
mustered out June 26, "65. 

Henry C. Backus, age 24, enlisted in 
Co. G. 6th Reg't., Oct. 7, '61, promoted 
sergeant, mustered out Oct. 28, '64. 

Warren C. Porter, age 37, enlisted 
Oct. 15, '61, in Co. G. 6lh Vt., served 3 
years, mustered out Oct. 28, '64. 

Chester S. Dana, age 33, enlisted in 
Co. B. loth Vt., July 18, '62, chosen sth 
sergeant, promoted to ist ser'gt., sick in 
general hospital much of the latter part of 
his service, discharged May 22, '65. 

LaFayette Moore, enlisted in Co. F. 
2d Vt. as a recruit, July 30, '62, age 26, 
died in the service Feb. 29, '64. 

Heman a. Moore, age 21, enlisted 
in Co. F. 2d Vt., Aug. 2, '62, mustered 
out June 19, '65. 

Eli Gibson, recruit in Co. G. 6th Vt.. 
enlisted Aug. 13, '62, age 22, died in the 
service April 7, '64. 

Lewis Bettis, a resident of Warren, 
enlisted for this town in Co. G. 6th Vt., 
Aug. 13, '62, age 37 ; transferred to the 
Invalid Corps, Jan. 15, '64. • 

John Chase, age 23, enlisted in Co. G. 
6th Vt., Aug. 13, '62 ; mustered out June 
I9> '65. 

Nathan Thayer, age 23 ; enlisted in 
Co. H. 6th Vt., Aug. 13, '62; discharged 
June 3, '63. 

Nelson J. Boyce, age 32 ; enlisted in 
Co. G. 6th Vt., Aug. 16, '62; transferred 
to the Invalid Corps July i, '63. 

Lester H. Harris, age 25; enlisted 
Aug. 18, '62, in Co. F. 2d Vt. ; died May 
18, '63. 

The following 17 soldiers all members 
of Co. B. 13th Vt., (9 months), enlisted 
Aug. 25, '62; mustered in Oct. 10, '62, at 
Brattleboro ; mustered out at the same 
place July 21, '63; the battle of Gettys- 
burg being the only one in which they 
participated : 

George O. Boyce, 2d serg't., age 28; 



FAYSTON. 



195 



with others of his company taken prisoner 
by rebel guerrillas while going from Camp 
Carusi to Fairfax station with supply teams, 
May 14, ^6^. They were paroled the next 
day, and returned to the regiment. 

Dorric S. Stoddard, 3d corporal, age 28 ; 
William E. Backus, age 22, detailed scout ; 
John Baird, age 20, died of fever soon 
after returning home ; Matthew Blair, age 
27, afterwards re-enlisted in 56 Mass., 
killed in the Wilderness ; Charles D. Bil- 
lings, age ig, died at Camp Carusi May 19, 
'6^ ; Chauncey Carpenter, age 39, re- 
enlisted Dec. 31, '63, in Co. C. 17th Vt., 
discharged May 13, '65 ; Samuel J. Dana, 
age 29, wounded at Gettysburg ; Royal S. 
Haskins, age 21 ; Charles C. Ingalls, age 
18, re-enlisted Sept. i, '64, in Co. G. 6th 
Vt., mustered out June 19, '65; Stephen 
Johnson, age 21, re-enlisted Aug. 26, '64, 
in Co. G. 6th Vt., mustered out June 19, 
'65; ZibaH. McAllister, age 21, re-enlist- 
ed in Cavalry Co. C. Nov. 30, '63, trans- 
ferred to Co. A. June 19, ''65, mustered 
out June 26, "65 ; Levi Nelson, age 20 ; 
William Nelson, age 26, Daniel Posnett, 
age 47, Winfield S. Rich, age 24, Reuben 
Richardson, age 45, transferred to Co. 
H., re-enlisted Nov. 30, 'S}, in Co. H. 6th 
Regt., discharged May 12, '65. 

William G. Wilkins, age 18, enlisted in 
Co. F. 2d Vt., June 16, '63, discharged 
Jan. 21, '64. 

Robert Hoffman, age 21, enlisted in the 
3d Battery, Oct. 19, '64, discharged June 
15/65. 

John W. Palmer, enlisted in Cavalry, 
Co. C. Nov. 28, '63, age 23, transferred 
to Co. A. June 21, '65, mustered out 
Aug. 9, '65. 

Judson W. Richardson, age 29, enlisted 
in Co. H. 6th Vt., promoted corporal 
June 19, '65, and mustered outjune 26, '65. 

Charles O. Dyke, age 18, enlisted Nov. 
30, '63, in Co. H. 6th Vt. ; mustered out 
June 26, '65. 

Myron Mansfield, age 18, enlisted Dec. 

2, '63, in Co. H. 2d U. S. Sharp-shooters ; 
transferred to Co. H.4th Vt., Feb. 25, '65 ; 
supposed to have died at Andersonville. 

Benj. B. Johnson, age 20, enlisted Dec. 

3, '6^, in Co. G. 6th Vt. ; transferred to 



Vet. Res. Corps, Dec. 4, '64; mustered 
out July 15, '65. 

Wm. H. Johnson, age 18, enlisted Dec. 
3, '63, in Co. G. 6th Vt. ; pro. corp. Sept. 
23, '64 ; serg't. June 20, '65 ; mustered 
June 26, '65. 

Charles B. Corliss, age 18, enlisted Dec. 
3, '63, in Co. G. 6th Vt. ; discharged June 
28, '65. 

Anson O. Brigham, age 21, enlisted 
Dec. 5, '63, in Co. H. 6th Vt. ; trans, to 
invalid corps, and discharged June 28,^65. 

Calvin B. Marble, age 18, enhsted Dec. 
9, '63, in Co. G. 6th Vt. ; mustered out 
June 26, '65. 

Edwin E. Chaffee, age 18, enlisted Dec. 
9, '63 in Co. H. 6th Vt. ; pro. corp. June 
19, '63 ; must, out June 26, '65. 

Asa E. Corliss, age 20, enlisted Sept. 7, 
'64, in Co. G. 6th Vt. ; must, out July 19, 
'65. 

John W. Ingalls, age 28, enlisted Sept. 
16, '64, but did not enter service. 

This town also furnished 14 non-resident 
soldiers, of whom I can give but a meagre 
report, as follows : 

Geo. Arnold, Francis E. Buck, Thomas 
Bradley, ist army corps ; Sidney Dolby, 
54 Ma.ss. (colored) ; Wm. W. Green, 
Philip Gross, ist A. C. ; Wm. J. Hopkins, 
cav. ; John J. Hern, ist A. C. ; Randall 
Hibbard, ist A. C. ; Frederic Kleinke, ist 

A. C. ; Nelson Parry, Co. B. 7th Vt., 
Nicholas Schmidt, ist A. C. ; John S. 
Templeton ; JamesWilliamstown,ist A. C. 

The following persons were furnished 
under draft, five of whom paid commuta- 
tion : Hiram E. Boyce, Eli Bruce, Jr., 
Nehemiah Colby, Charles M. Fisher, 
Julius T. Palmer, and one, Nathan Boyce, 
procured a substitute. 

This town probably furnished from her 
own residents as many, if not more, sol- 
diers for other towns than were credited 
to her from non-residents, the record of 
some of which is given as follows : 

Andrew J. Butler, Co. H. 6th Vt. ; Hi- 
land G. Campbell, 3d Vt. Battery ; Alba 

B. Durkee, Co. I. 9th Vt. ; Timothy Don- 
ivan, Co. H. 6th Vt. 

In Co. G. 6th Vt. : Edward Dillon, G. 
W. Fisher, James N. Ingalls, Robert Max- 



196 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



well and Samuel Maxwell. In 3d Vt. : 
Wm. W. McAllister. In Co. G. 6th Vt. : 
James H. Somerville, Ichabod Thomas. 
Dexter Marble lost a leg In the service, in 
a Wisconsin regiment. 

Thus I have given as best I can from 
memory, and from data at command, an 
imperfect record of Fayston and Fayston 
men during the rebellion. Undoubtedly 
the foregoing record is not perfect, yet I 
think it is substantially correct. 

Probably no town in the state suffered 
more financially than this. During the 
latter part of the war when large bounties 
were demanded by volunteers, and paid by 
wealthy towns, Fayston, to save herself 
from draft was obliged in one year (1864) 
to raise for bounties and town expenses 
the almost unheard of sum of $12.50 cents 
upon every dollar of her grand list, thus 
subjecting the owner of a simple poll list 
to the payment of a tax of $25. Yet this 
enormous sum was paid immediately, with 
scarce a murmur of complaint, and not a 
dollar left to be a drag-weight upon tax- 
payers in after years. 

Fayston can look back upon her finan- 
cial record as a town, and the military rec- 
ord of her soldiers with no feelings but 
those of honor, satisfaction and pride ; 
knowing that the privations and valor of 
her sons in the field, and the liberality of 
her citizens at home all contributed their 
mite to keep the grand old flag still float- 
ing over a free and undivided nation. 

GRAND ARMY REPUBLIC'S RESPONSE TO 

SUMNER'S BILL FOR ERASING OUR 

BATTLE RECORDS. 

BY D. S. STODDARD. 

Blot out our battle records, boys, 

Charles Sumuer's bill doth say; 
Forget that you were soldiers once, 

And turn your thoughts away. 

Yes, turn your thoughts away, my boys, 

So noble, brave and true; 
Forget you lugged a knapsack once, 

And wore the army blue. 

Flaunt not that starry flag, my boys, 

With Lee's Mills, on its fold, 
'Twill make some rebel's heart ache, boys, 

To see it there so bold. 

And blot out Savage Station, too. 

And likewise Malvern Hill; 
That was a noisy place, you know, 

But blot it out, you will. 



Fort Henry, too, and Donelson, 
Where Grant "Surrender" spake, 

In such decided tones it made 
The rebel Pillow shake. 

And Shiloh, too, and Vicksburg, wliere 

One Fourth of July day. 
Brave Pemberton his well-tried sword 

At the feet of Grant did lay. 

And Cedar Creek, and Winchester, 

And Sheridan's famous ride : — 
Forget it, boys, forget it all. 

It hurts the rebels' pride. 

And Fredericksburg, and Antietam, 

Where cannon rang and roared ; 
And Gettysburg, where three long days 

Grape shot and shell were poured. 

Where thousands freely gave their lives. 
And drenched with blood the sand. 

To stay the flow of Treason's tide 
In Freedom's happy laud. 

And Richmond, too, and Petersburg, 

And the Wilderness, forget; 
And comrades dear who fought so well. 

Whose sun of life there set. 

Forget, my boys, you ever marched 

With Shei'man to the seal 
Deny you ever fought against 

The rebels under Lee! 

And Appomattox Court House, too. 

Where Lee dissolved his camp; 
And gave liis long and well-tried sword 

To General U. S. Grant. 

Those names, we've loved them long, my boys. 

And oft a glow of pride 
Has thrilled through every vein, to think 

We fought there side by side. 

And oftentimes, my comrades dear, 

Tliere comes a sadder thought — 
The price, the price! by which our land 

These cherished records bought. 

And now shall we erase tliose names. 

And make our battle-flags, 
Wlilch e'er have been the soldier's pride, 

Nothing but worthless rags ? 

No more shall read those glorious names 

While swinging in the breeze? 
No more our hearts shall swell witli pride 

To think of bygone deeds? 

And nmst we suffer all this shame 

To please that rebel horde. 
Who brought the war upon themselves 

By drawing first the sword? 

Tlieu we must ask their pardon, too, 

For what we've done and said ; 
Tramp down the graves of comrades dear. 

And honor rebel dead. 

And I suppose the next kind thing 

That Sumner'U want is this, 
Tliat we get down upon our knees, 

And rebel coat-tails kiss ! 

Now, comrades, when all this appears. 

'Twill be when we are dead I 
When every man who fought the rebs 

Sleeps In his narrow bed ! 



MARSHFIELD. 



197 



For while there's one of us alive, 
Though kicked, or cuffed, or spurned I 

Our battle-flags shall bear those names 
That we so richly earned! 

And when we swing them in the breeze, 

Those names shall glisten there, 
As long as they enfold a stripe 

Or bear a single star. 

Rebels may sigh for what they lost, 

And mourn for what we won ; — 
Their moans and sighs can ne'er atone 

For half the mischief done. 

And comrades, when we older grow. 

And gray hairs fill our head. 
And some of us lie sleeping there 

Amid the quiet dead; 

Our children then will catch the theme 

Those battle-flags inspire. 
And oftentimes their hearts be filled 

With patriotic fire I 

And should it be in future years 

That Treason rears its head. 
And threatens to destroy the land 

For which we fought and bled ; 

Our sons will hoist those war-worn flags. 

And wave them tow'rd the sky. 
While rebels learn again, my boys, 

That Treason then must die. 

Those records fair shall never be 

Expunged from human sight! 
Before we'll suffer that, my boys. 

We'll go again, and flght. 
Faystou, Vt., Jan. 8, 1873. 

Mrs. L. B. Boyce continues and thus 
closes the record of Fayston : 

SAMUEL DANA 

has been a resident of Fayston for many 
years, and raised a large family here. Six 
of his sons and one son-in-law were in the 
army in the great rebellion. Several of 
them were seriously wounded while in ser- 
vice, yet all are now living and the father 
and mother also. 

I have been able to gather but little con- 
cerning our military record previous to our 
late war. 

In 1841, one Jesse Mix was a revolution- 
ary pensioner, and William Wait, and a 
Mrs. Hutchinson. John Cloud, who lost 
a leg in the revolutionary war, was for 
many years a resident of this town, but 
died elsewhere. 

Of the war of 1 8 1 2 there are no records 
that I can find, and the old inhabitants are 
either dead or moved away. 



MARSHFIELD. 

IIY MRS. II. C. PITKIN. 

Marshfield was granted to the Stock- 
bridge tribe of Indians, Oct. 16, 1782, and 
chartered to them June 22, 1790, by the 
General Assembly of Vermont, containing 
23,040 acres ; lat. 44° 19', long. 4° 30' 
on the upper waters of the Winooski ; 
bounded N. by Cabot, E. by Peacham and 
Harris' Gore, S. by East Montpelier, Plain- 
field and Goshen Gore, W. by Calais and 
East Montpelier. 

In the charter it is stipulated the town- 
ship shall be divided into 75 equal shares, 
etc., with the usual charter conditions. 

The charter is signed by Gov. Moses 
Robinson and Joseph Tracy, Sec. 

The township was purchased of the 
Indians by Capt. Isaac Marsh of Stock- 
bridge, Mass., in honor of whom it is 
named, for ^140 lawful money, and the 
deed was signed by 18 Indians, thus : 

Joseph Shawguthguat, Hendrick 
Aupanmat, Jehosuhim Alokaim, Peter 
Pohijhionurpjsut, -(-Joseph Luonahant, 
-)-John Pophmin, -(- Solomon Ouargaria- 
hont, -(-Uhndrw Warmaeruph, -)-Vendru 
Waumurmn, -|- Hudrink Ihchumhwmli, 
-)- Moses Laupumnsapeat, ~\- Thomas 
Wind, -\- John Thonhpol, -|- David Neson- 
ukausdahawauk, -\- Cornelius Janmauch, 
-)- David Nesonuhkeah Grum, -|- Abraham 
Maummumthickhur, -\- Isaac Unamprey. 

This deed was given July 29, 1789, and 
witnessed by David Pixley and John Sar- 
geant, missionary. 

These Indians, it is supposed, when 
they secured the grant of this land, in- 
tended to remove here, and make it their 
hunting-ground, but finding white settle- 
ments were beginning to cluster around it, 
they disposed of it as best they could, and 
sought the unbroken forests of New York 
and called the new home there, in honor 
of the old one in Massachusetts. 

Capt. Marsh had married, for his second 
wife, a young widow by the name of Pit- 
kin, of East Hartford, Conn., and four of 
her sons, and two of his own daughters were 
among the' pioneers of his new township. 
Caleb Pitkin one of these sons, came from 
East Hartford as a surveyor, with a com- 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



pany under Gen. Whitelaw, in the spring 
of 1790. They spent the summer survey- 
ing in this wilderness, returning to Con- 
necticut in the autumn. They spent the 
next season here also. Caleb was cook 
for the company, and it was asserted he 
" could cook as well as a woman." In the 
springs of 1792, '93, he, together with his 
brother, Martin Pitkin, and Gideon Spen- 
cer, came here, and labored clearing land, 
preparatory for a settlement, returning to 
East Hartford in the autumn, each year. 
The winter following Caleb, having mar- 
ried Hannah, daughter of Capt. Marsh, 
and Gideon Spencer, having previously 
married Polly, another of his daughters, 
together with Aaron Elmer, also a married 
man, removed to this town. They came 
as far as Montpelier with teams ; and from 
there, the snow more than 4 feet deep in 
Feb., they came with handsleds. Caleb 
Pitkin settled on the farm where his son, 
Jas. Pitkin, now dead, resided. Gideon 
Spencer, where his grandson Stephen 
Spencer lives, and Aaron Elmer where 
John Harris Eaton resides. All their pro- 
visions and furniture they brought from 
Connecticut over roads which would now 
be deemed impassable. In the summer 
they were joined by Ebenezer Dodge and 
family. 

John Preston Davis, son of Ebenezer 
Dodge, was born Sept. 7th, of this year, 
and was the first child born in town. 
James, son of Caleb Pitkin, was born in 
Jan., 1795, and was the second child born, 
and the first girl born in town, was Betsey, 
daughter of Gideon Spencer, now wife of 
Dea. Dan Storrs. During this first season 
no one of these settlers owned a team, 
and all the grain for their families was car- 
ried to Montpelier to be ground, and 
brought home upon their backs, they leav- 
ing the bran to lighten their loads. 

March i, 1795, Joshua, Stephen, and 
Nathaniel Pitkin, and Solomon Gilman 
moved into town. Joshua Pitkin settled 
near the centre of the town where William 
Haskins now resides. Stephen Pitkin on 
the farm below, where Bowman Martin 
lives, Nathaniel Pitkin, who was cousin to 
the other settlers of the name, on the road 



from Abram Wood's to the saw-mill in the 
south ]3art of the town, and Solomon Gil- 
man where his grandson Loomis Gilman 
now resides. 

Settlers continued to come in. Stephen 
Rich was an early pioneer, commencing 
his settlement where his grandson, Samuel 
D. Hollister, now lives. 

Nathaniel Dodge, another, who came at 
a day so early, that he moved all his goods 
into town on a hand-sled, was an upright. 
Christian man, accumulating a good prop- 
erty and bringing up a large family, only 
two of whom remain in town. 

Martin Pitkin removed here previous to 
the organization of the town. Simeon 
Dwinell was also one of the early settlers, 
and one of the best of citizens ; afterwards 
four of his brothers, men of worth, Mar- 
tin, Squier, Zenas, and Aaron Bullock ; 
the right kind of men ; John Pike, whose 
5 sons all tilled the soil and made their 
homes here ; Daniel Bemis with his large 
family ; Caleb Putnam, the first blacksmith 
in town, who made all the nails used in 
the early clays ; cut nails such as are now 
used, being cjuite unknown. Mr. Putnam 
was not only a good, ingenious blacksmith, 
but also a good, useful citizen. After some 
years, he removed to Woodbury, where 
he died. 

So rapid was the tide of immigration, 
that, at the organization of the town, 61 
men took the freemen"^ oath. Shall I say 
of these men, that they were industrious, 
energetic, persevering? None but such 
men would think of making comfortable, 
permanent homes in a forest? The farms 
they cultivated, the school, and dwelling- 
houses they erected, the thrift which soon 
became apparent on every hand, all tell 
what kind of men were the pioneers of 
Marshfield. 

Joshua and Stephen Pitkin for a few of 
the first years worked in company, after- 
wards they mutually agreed to dissolve 
partnership, and amicably divided their 
possessions. They built the first framed 
barn in town. It was raised July 4, 1796. 
This barn in their settlement became the 
property of Joshua Pitkin. Stephen Rich 
raised a barn June 20, 1797. Caleb and 



MARSHFIELD. 



199 



Stephen Pitkin had each a barn raised 
June 26, 1797. June 28, 1798, William 
Holmes raised a barn ; also Ebenezer 
Dodge raised a barn July 6, '98. Capt. 
Stephen Rich raised his house June 14, 
1800. This was the first framed-house in 
town. Stephen Pitkin, it is supposed, 
built the next framed-house, two-story. 
Joshua Pitkin raised a two-story house, 
Sept. 24, 1803. Nathaniel Pitkin raised a 
house June 20, 1804, and Timothy Cole 
raised a house June 24, 1804. 

THE FIRST RELIGIOUS MEETING 

in town of which we find any record, was 
Sunday, Aug. 20, 1797, at Nathaniel 
Dodge's. The 25th of Sept. after, Mr. 
Gilbert preached at Joshua Pitkin's. He 
was a missionary from Connecticut ; and 
Oct. 20, '97, a meeting at Nathaniel 
Dodge's, no preacher mentioned, and it is 
probable a sermon was read, as this was 
often the case in after years. From this 
time meetings were occasionally held in 
town ; very many it seems at Capt. Rich's ; 
for many years and also frequently, at 
Nathaniel Dodge's ; sometimes at Joshua 
Pitkin's. Among the ministers who occa- 
sionally preached here in the early days, 
were Elder Wheeler, of Montpelier, Bap- 
tist, Revs. Kinnee of Plainfield, Hobart 
of Berlin, Lyman, of Brookfield, Wright 
of Montpelier, Congregationalists. 

How did our settlers live ? in every de- 
partment of labor, almost nothing to do 
with? For making of maple sugar, the 
first five-pail kettle owned in town, Caleb 
Pitkin brought from Montpelier on his 
back, and sap-troughs had to be made, 
and the sugar-house was two huge logs 
with the kettle hung between, the smoke 
and ashes inclined to blow towards you ; the 
sap had to be gathered by hand, and where 
was the man who owned a sap-holder ? 
And when sugar was made, where was it 
to be stored ? James Pitkin told the writer, 
he could remember how his father provided 
for this emergency. In June, he pealed 
bir(jh- bark, soaked it, and sewed it with a 
strong wax-end, and thus made a large 
box, less the bottom, but he sat this on a 
smooth piece of bark, with a sap-trough 
under to catch the molasses, and he recol- 



lects many times eating biscuit and butter 
very near that sap-trough. The box, he 
thought, would hold 200 pounds. He also 
tells me the first cow his father owned, he 
drove from Newbury through the wilder- 
ness by marked trees, 34 miles. He did 
not say how the cow lived the first winter, 
but the second they raised a very large 
crop of wheat, and the cow was fed 
through winter, on wheat in the stook. 
She was very sleek, and yielded a large 
quantity of milk. 

The children must be educated. In 
1799, a meeting of the settlers was called, 
and they concluded to build a log-school 
house, covered with bark. It stood just 
above where the road turns off to go to Dan- 
iel Dodge's. Miss Nancy Caldwell taught 
the first school ; was afterwards married to 
Rowland Edwards of Montpelier. 

Capt. Marsh came from Connecticut to 
visit his children and their families three 
times, and once, Jan. 7, 1797, his wife came 
with him. No small undertaking for a lady 
past middle age, with such roads. These 
visits were seasons of great interest to 
their children, and no less so to them- 
selves. They were made happy by seeing 
the prosperity of the settlement, and the 
thrift which was apparent among their 
children. Mrs. Marsh died the next sum- 
mer. Capt. Marsh lived some years 
longer, and married the third wife. 

When Capt. Marsh and his wife returned 
home, Joshua Pitkin went in company with 
them as far as Walpole, N. H. ; was four 
days going, and four returning. They 
went the first day to Williamstown, the 
next to Pomfret, the next to Cavendish, 
and the next to Walpole. Joshua Pitkin 
has also a record of his going to Judge 
Lynde's of Williamstown, to get a writ 
made out, hiring a horse of Mr. Hamett of 
Montpelier, for the trip, for which he paid 
4s. It is not known what he paid for making 
out the writ. It ought to have been done 
cheap, as he went 20 miles to get it. He 
mentions a visit of Dr. Lamb of Mont- 
pelier, to his wife, for which he paid 6s ; 
and has a record of wages paid Henry Wal- 
bridge and two other joiners, at work on his 
new house, $2.25 a day for the three. And 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



we are informed, it was considered no more 
irnmoral then to buy a barrel of rum, or 
ID or 15 gallons of brandy, than it was to 
make -other purchases for family use. The 
mystery is, how any one kept sober ; how 
any one knew whether other people were 
sober. 

For a few of the first years the farmers 
here went to Montpelier or Calais for 
blacksmithing, till Caleb Putnam moved 
into town. 

Mr. John Knox was the first person who 
died in town. The date of his death is 
not known. Aug. 22, 1797, a child of Mr. 
Robert Waugh was drowned in a well. 

Joshua Pitkin was appointed first justice 
of peace Aug. 23, 1799. 

FIRST RECORD OF MARSHFIELD. 

On application of a number of credible 
freeholders of the town of Marshfield, 
County of Caledonia, and State of Ver- 
mont, that said town may be organized, 
according to law, 1 hereby warn a meeting 
of all the Freeholders and other inhab- 
itants of said town, qualified to vote in 
Town-meeting, to appear at the dwelling- 
house of Joshua Pitkin, in said town, on 
the tenth day of Marcli next, at ten o'clock 
forenoon on said day. ist. To choose a 
moderator to govern said meeting. 2d, 
To choose all officers that the law requires 
for organized towns to have. 

Joshua Pitkin, Justice Peace. 

Marshfield, Feb. 24th, 1800. 

March loth, 1800. 
This day a Town-meeting agreeable to 
the above Notification was held, and ist 
Chose Stephen Rich, Moderator; 2ond, 
Chose Stephen Rich, Town Clerk ; Joshua 
Pitkin, Clerk pro tem. ; 3rd, Stephen Rich, 
1st Selectman ; 4th, Stephen Pitkin, 2ond 
Selectman ; 5th, Samuel Paterson, 3rd Se- 
lectman ; 6th, Caleb Pitkin, Town Treas- 
urer; 7th, Stephen Rich, Nathaniel Pitkin, 
and Robert Waugh, Listers ; Gideon Spen- 
cer, Constable and Collector ; Samuel Wil- 
son, Grand juryman; 8th, Aaron Elmer, 
Ebenezer Dodge, Jun., Joseph Wells, Sur- 
veyors of roads ; 9th, David Benjamin, 
Ebenezer Wells, Nathaniel Pitkin, Fence 
Viewers ; roth, Robert Waugh, Pound 
Keeper; nth, Giles Skinner, Sealer of 
Leather; 12th, Caleb Pitkin, Sealer of 
Weights and Measures; 13th, Giles Skin- 
ner, Tythingman ; 14th, Ebenezer Dodge 
and Aaron Elmer, Hay wards; 15th, 
Joshua Pitkin, Caleb Pitkin and Joseph 
Page, auditors of accounts of Selectmen. 
i6th, All the above names chosen into the 



several Offices have taken solemn oath for 
the faithful discharge of their trust. This 
meeting adjourned untill the 24th day of 
this month, by order of the Selectmen. 

Monday, Mar. 24, 1800, town meeting 
according to adjournment. After taking 
the freeman's oath, it was voted to ratify 
the proceedings of the annual meeting, 
Stephen Pitkin, Esq., chosen moderator 
pro tem. "Chose Stephen Pitkin and 
Samuel Paterson, Jurymen to attend the 
Supreme Court ; Samuel Paterson, Joseph 
P. Page, Aaron Elmer, Elisha Benjamin, 
Jr., Nathaniel Pitkin, Ebenezer Dodge, 
Jr., and Robert Waugh, Petit Jurymen." 

" Voted to assess a tax of 2 cents on 
the dollar on all polls and ratable property 
for the purpose of defraying town charges ; 
to raise four days' work a year, from each 
voter for the year ensuing, to mend the 
highways ; that the tax shall be worked out 
in June, and that the Selectmen shall 
credit the same on the bills." 

Names of the men who took the free- 
man's oath at said meeting : 

Stephen Rich, Stephen Pitkin, Samuel 
Paterson, Caleb Pitkin, Aaron Elmer, Eb- 
enezer Dodge, Ebenezer Dodge, Jr., Elisha 
Benjamin, Jr., David Benjamin, .Samuel 
Wilson, Hart Roberts, Joshua Pitkin, 
Elisha Benjamin, John Goodale, Hugh 
Wilson, Matthew Jack, Joel Knox, Tim- 
othy Cowles, Stephen Cowles, Amon Per- 
sons, James English, Edmund Harwood, 
Abraham Goodale, Solomon Spencer, 
George Gleason, Martin Pitkin, Gideon 
Spencer, Joseph P. Page, Uriah Simons, 
Nathaniel Pitkin, Joseph Wells, Giles 
Skinner, Robert Waugh, Solomon Gil- 
man, Ebenezer Wells, Selah Wells, John 
Waugh, Stephen Olmsted, John Cutler, 
Samuel Wilson, Jr., Robert Dodge, Chas. 
Gate, Samuel Pratt, Cyrril Garnsey, Caleb 
Putnam, Simeon Dwinell, Daniel Holmes, 
Daniel Damon, Calvin Elmer, Job Taylor, 
Ichabod Shurtleflf, John Pike, Guy Benja- 
min, Asa Spencer, Josiah Hollister, An- 
drew Jack, William Jones, Avara Gilman, 
Wm. W. Powers, Nathan Jones, Chester 
Clark, Stephen Rich, town clerk. 

It was voted at town meeting Jan. 7, 
1800, Joshua Pitkin, Esq., mod. ; Stephen 



MARSHFIELD. 



2ol 



Rich, district clerk, to support the school 
on the grand list ; Robert Waugh and Na- 
thaniel Pitkin, school com. ; Aaron Elmer, 
collector. Voted, that no one shall have 
a right to take any child into his family to 
attend school, unless he take one for a 
year, and that the selectmen shall act in 
conjunction with the committee in exam- 
ining the school teacher, and to raise $34 
to support schooling. 

At town meeting. Mar. 25, 1801, Caleb 
Pitkin, mod., voted to divide the district; 
set up the old school-house at vendue, to be 
' sold to the highest bidder ; sold the house 
for 2^ bushels of wheat, on 6 months' 
credit, to Aaron Elmer ; 1 2 squares of 
glass, to Solomon Gilman, for i bush, of 
wheat ; 75 nails, to Nathaniel Dodge, for 
I peck of wheat ; boards, to Robert Waugh, 
for 9s. 6d., to be paid in wheat; table, to 
Joshua Pitkin, for 2 bush. 2 qts. of wheat ; 
chair, to Joshua Pitkin, for 3 pecks, 4 qts. 
of wheat. The selectmen organized the 
inhabitants on the river road into a school 
district, beginning at Hart Roberts' on 
the north, Capt. Skinner's at the south, 
Nathaniel Pitkin's on the west, and Sam- 
uel Wilson's and Joseph Wells' on the 
east. Stephen Rich, Samuel Paterson, 
Caleb Pitkin, were selectmen. 

So the old school-house was sold, a 
little, square, log-building, covered with 
bark ; a big stone chimney, with an open- 
ing above for the smoke to go out and the 
rain to come in, and the grand old forest 
for play-ground, and did it not ring with 
the merry shouts of childhood? They 
needed no gymnasium then. Were there 
not the trees to climb, the birds' nests and 
squirrels to hunt, and partridges and wood- 
chucks to look after? The children did 
not sing in school in those days. They 
had to sit straight, keep their eyes on the 
book, and their toes on the crack. They 
hardly dared breathe in school-time, there 
was such an awe of femle and rod. The 
children did not sing in school, but the 
bird's song they heard through the open 
window, and when the noon-time came, 
the children joined the chorus, and the old 
woods rang again. 

It seems the inhabitants not included in 

26 



the river district, were all in one other dis- 
trict. Afterwards districts were divided 
and arranged, as the inhabitants increased, 
according to their needs. But it was not 
until about 18 12, that a school-house was 
built on the river near Joshua Pitkin's. 
Schools were kept in a portion of a dwell- 
ing-house, and sometimes in Caleb Pit- 
kin's old house. In the mill district, now 
the village, the first school-house was built 
in 1 82 1. The first school in this district 
was taught by Miss Comfort Gage, in the 
summer of 1820, in Capt. Martin Pitkin's 
barn, on the place where the writer re- 
sides. There was a school a number of 
years in the Dwinell district, before the 
convenience of a school-house was en- 
joyed. Four winters this school was kept 
in Simeon Dwinell's kitchen. This to 
some housekeepers might have seemed an 
inconvenience, as the house was small, 
and Mrs. Dwinell had 8 children of her 
own. But she doubtless got along nicely, 
washing days and all. The children must 
be educated ; in those days troops of little 
ones were not so much in the way. 

In 1805, a committee was appointed by 
the town to act in concert with the select- 
men in purchasing a piece of ground for 
the burial of the dead, and the grave-yard 
near J. H. Eaton's was bought of Na- 
thaniel Dodge. 

Mar. 1797, Thomas McLoud, of Mont- 
pelier, and Sally Dodge, of Marshfield, 
were united in marriage by Joseph Wing, 
Esq., of Montpelier, the first marriage in 
town. Joshua Pitkin, Esq., was the first 
justice of peace, and Dec. 10, 1801, he 
married Ebenezer Wells to Susannah Spen- 
cer, the first marriage by a citizen of the 
town. 

Feb. I, 1803, a town meeting was called 
to see if the town would form themselves 
into a Congregational society, and also to 
see if they would agree to settle a minis- 
ter. The vote stood 17 in favor and 70 
against. 

Bears, wolves and deer were very num- 
erous in the early days of Marshfield. The 
wolves made night hideous by their howl- 
ings, and it was no uncommon thing to 
kill a bear or deer. Joshua Pitkin, in his 



202 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



journal, speaks of killing 8 deer at differ- 
ent times, and one bear story belonging to 
ovir region has in it sufficient of the tragic 
to warrant insertion here. 

One season early in September the bears 
began to make depiedations in the corn, 
on the Skinner farm, now Wm. Martin's. 
Solomon Gilman, one of the early settlers, 
who was a great sportsman, promised to 
watch for the bear, and put an end to his 
suppers of green corn ; he took his stand 
at night in the field, waiting the arrival of 
the depredator. The bear came on, and 
was soon helping himself, when with true 
aim, the hunter fired. The bear gave one 
great spring, and came directly on, or 
over him. He felt his time had come. 
The blood was flowing ! He caught the 
lacerated intestines in his hands, replaced 
them as he could in that moment of des- 
peration, wrapped the long skirt of his 
overcoat about his body, holding it firmly 
with both hands ; had just strength enough 
left to shout for help, and to run a short 
distance. Help soon came. They assisted 
him to a place of safety, and folding back 
his overcoat, a double handful of bruin's 
entrails fell to the ground ! Mr. G. lived 
long to be the terror of the denizens of the 
forest, but it was years before he heard 
the last of being killed by a bear. 

At another time, Mr. Gilman was pur- 
suing a bear through some woods where 
Mr. Ira Stone was chopping. Seeing the 
bear rapidly approaching, Mr. Stone sprang 
upon a large rock. The bear came up. 
Mr. Stone attempted to strike him with 
his axe, but one blow of the bear's paw 
sent the axe to the ground. They now 
clinched. Mr. Stone attempted to grasp 
the bear's tongue, but instead, the bear 
crushed two of his fingers. They rolled to 
the ground, the bear uppermost. Just 
now Mr. Gilman came near, and taking 
aim, shot the bear through the head. The 
crushed fingers was all the serious injury 
Mr. Stone received. 

The settlers made quite a business of 
selling ashes, and afterwards, a larger one 
of making salts for sale. The beautiful 
elms, of which there were many on the 
river banks and in other places, were cut 



down, piled and burned for this purpose, 
and a great deal of other valuable timber. 
Salts sold well, so the day and the long 
night were often spent in boiling salts, and 
more than one woman has lent a hand at 
this work. 

There are only two ponds which lie 
wholly in this town — Nigger Head, of cir- 
cular form, and about half a mile in width, 
and Nob Hill ponds. Long pond lies 
partly in Mai-shfield and partly in Groton. 
Mud pond has within a few years dried up. 
Our county map shows other ponds in our 
eastern portion, but by actual survey it is, 
found that neither of these are our side of 
the line. Our township is somewhat hilly, 
but in only one case are we entitled to the 
name of mountain. 

NIGGER HEAD 

mountain, in the north-easterly part of the 
town, is a steep precipice, 500 feet high, 
in one place 300 feet perpendicular. It is 
an imposing sight, so bold, precipitous 
and grand — nature enthroned in one of 
her wildest phases. On its dizzy heights 
we have a remarkably fine view of the sur- 
rounding regions, and of the bright waters 
of the beautiful pond below, and nowhere 
can one get a better view of the fearful 
precipice, than in a little boat on the 
waters at its base. 

Winooski river passes through this town 
from north to south, more than half of the 
town lying on the east. It receives many 
tributaries in its course. Lye brook, the 
outlet of Pigeon pond in Harris' Gore, is a 
considerable stream, and falls into the 
river a little south of the center of the 
town. 

A part of the south portion of Marshfield 
is more easily convened at Plainfield vil- 
lage, which really extends a little into our 
town than at our own village. As a con- 
sequence our people in that vicinity attend 
church at Plainfield, while a portion of the 
people in Eastern Cabot, on Molly's brook 
and vicinity, attend church at Marshfield. 

On the east side of the river a large 
quantity of good timber remains uncut, 
and there are also on this side of the river 
very large quarries of granite, beautifully 
clear, and of superior quality, and should 



MARSHFIELD. 



203 



the time come when a raih-oad shall pass 
up through this portion of our town, the 
value of these forests and quarries will be 
estimated very differently from what they 
are now. As far as farms are cultivated 
on this side of the river, they are pretty 
good. 

About the year 1825, quite a settlement 
was made on this side, some 2^ miles east 
of where the town-house now stands. So 
many families moved in, that a log school- 
house was built, and at one time there was 
a school of 30 scholars ; but the land prov- 
ing better for pasturage than tillage, after 
a few years the settlement was deserted. 
These large pastures are now owned by 
wealthy farmers. 

The town is in every part well-watered. 
The east part is noted especially for its 
pure, soft, cold springs. There is also 
hardly a farm in town but what has one or 
more good sugar orchards, and the amount 
of sugar made here any year is large. 
Through the kindness of E. S. Pitkin, 
Esq., I have the following statistics of the 
manufacture of maple sugar here in the 
spring of 1868, which is above the average : 
Sugar orchards, 108 ; sugar made in 1868, 
140,350 pounds, or more than 70 tons ; 18 
orchards made each 2,000 and upwards ; 40 
made less than 2,000 and more than 1,000 
pounds. 

WATER PRIVILEGES. 

Molly's brook, from the easterly part of 
Cabot, unites with theWinooski soon after 
entering this town. On this brook, just 
above the junction, are Molly's Falls, 
which are worthy the notice of the trav- 
eler. They can be seen to advantage from 
the stage-road, a mile above the village. 
The water falls in the distance of 30 rods, 
180 feet. Were we writing fiction, it would 
do, perhaps, to follow the figures of Thomp- 
son in his valuable " Gazeteer of Vermont," 
making these falls 500 feet ; but we, who, 
in the clear mornings of summer can hear 
the roaring of the water, will have it just 
as it is, 180 feet. There is an amount of 
water-power here not often equalled. It 
would be difficult to estimate how much 
machinery might be kept in motion by the 
water which is precipitated over these 



falls. Then, on the river below, are a 
number of excellent mill-sites, and in ad- 
dition to all these. Nigger Head brook, 
from where it leaves Nigger Head pond to 
its entrance into the Winooski, has a suc- 
cession of falls, making good locations for 
mills ; all the better, as the stream is never 
materially affected by drought. 

Among our early settlers a good deal of 
attention was paid to orcharding. On the 
hill farms there are good orchards and 
fine fruit, both grafted and native. On 
the river, apple-trees have never done as 
well. 

Aug. 22, 1811, there was a very great 
rise of water, and Joshua Pitkin lost grass 
sufficient for 15 tons of hay, by the over- 
flowing of his meadows, as his journal tells. 
In Sept. 1828, tliere was a great flood, and 
Stephen Pitkin, Jr's. clover mill, a mile 
above the village, was carried off; also 
many bridges. July 27, 1830, a great rise 
of water carried off nearly all the bridges 
on the river, and greatly injured the uncut 
grass on the meadows, and Aug. i, 1809, 
there was a great hail-storm, injuring gar- 
dens and corn very much. The evening 
of July 5, 1 84 1, there was a terrific hail- 
storm through a portion of the town. Veg- 
etation was much injured, and very much 
glass broken. Aug. 20, 1869, there was a 
very sudden rise of water, buildings were 
injured, some small ones carried ofif, and 
bridges and other property destroyed. 

A great gale was experienced here May 
13, 1866. The wind was accompanied 
with rain, and 4 barns and some smaller 
buildings were blown down. Mr. Amos 
Dwinell was in his son's barn at the time, 
and was buried in its ruins, but extricated 
without much injury. A number of cows 
were in two of the demolished barns, but 
only a very few were seriously injured. 

In the spring of 1807, snow was 4i feet 
deep April 4, and when Joshua Pitkin be- 
gan to tap his sugar-place, Apr. 15, it was 
3 feet deep. May 15, 1834, there was a 
great snow-storm, more than 2 feet deep. 
In the winter of 1863 and '4, snow was 
very deep, fences covered for months. 

We have also had our portion of fires. 
A barn was burned Oct. 1806, Jeremiah's 



204 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



Carleton's blacksmith shop in 1827 ; after, 
an old house of Caleb Pitkin's, the dwell- 
ing house of Nathan Smith; the dwelling- 
house of Bemis Pike, Feb. 1835; '"^^^^ 
house of Hiram Goodwin, May, 1840; the 
starch-factory and clover-mill of Stephen 
Pitkin the night of Dec. 10, 1853, large 
shoe-shop of Henry Goodwin, May, i860; 
house belonging to G. O. Davis, occupied 
by G. W. Nouns, who was severely burned, 
and the family just escaped with their lives. 
Mar. 1869, the saw-mill and shop, and all 
the tools of Calvin York. 

CASUALTIES. 

Betsey Swetland and another young 
lady were riding on horseback May 7, 
18 17, below the village, when she was 
killed by the fall of a tree. vShe lived only 
a few hours. 

Mr. Jonathan Davis, an aged man, was 
burned to death by falling into the fire, 
probably in a fit, and Jonathan Davis, Jr., 
had a little son drowned in a water-holder 
at the door. 

George Pitkin, while drawing wood 
alone, fell before the runner of the sled, 
and was crushed to death, Feb. 20, 1845. 

Martin Bemis, son of Abijah Bemis, came 
to his death by slipping in the road, and a 
sled passing over him. 

Mrs. Linton was accidentally shot, by a 
gun carelessly handled by a boy. 

Mrs. Tubbs, an old lady, accidentally 
took some oil of cedar, and lived but a 
short time. 

Mr. Graves had a little daughter scalded, 
so as to cause death. A child of Nathaniel 
Lamberton was scalded, so as to cause 
its death in a short time. Mrs. Benoni 
Haskins was burned, so as to cause death 
in a few hours. A little child of Francis 
Loveland was also burned to death some 
years since, and a child of Spencer Law- 
rence scalded, so as to cause its death. 

A number of years ago, Mr. Asa Willis 
had a very remarkable escape from sudden 
death, while at work on a ledge of rocks, 
near where Daniel Loveland resides. There 
had been au unsuccessful attempt made to 
split open a granite rock 12 feet square, 
the lower edge of which lay on a large rock 
15 feet high. The top of the lower rock 



was slanting like the roof of a house. 
While attempting to open the crevice al- 
ready commenced in the upper rock, suffi- 
cient to insert a blast of powder, the rock 
split in two nearly in the middle, Mr. 
Willis fa*lling between the parts, and he 
and they sliding from the large rock to the 
ground, 27 feet. The two pieces, when 
they reached the ground, stood in such a 
way that the upper edges leaned against 
each other, and the lower edges stood 
apart so as to leave a wedge-shaped cavity 
large enough to admit his body, and there 
he lay. No one was with him but Mr. 
Joshua Smith. On ascertaining that he 
was alive, Mr. Smith dug away the earth, 
and succeeded in extricating him from his 
perilous situation. Neither he, nor the 
physician, who was immediately called, 
thought him much injured, and he lived to 
do a good deal of hard work, and yet it is 
thought he never entirely recovered from 
the eifects of the shock. 

IMPROVEMENTS. 

The log hou.ses of the pioneers soon 
gave way to better dwellings. At the 
present time nearly all the houses in town 
are of modern style and finish, but it is 
the barns that ought particularly to be 
mentioned. Many of them are large, 
beautifully finished and painted, and not 
surpassed by any in the vicinity. 

THE TOWN CLERKS 

have been, Stephen Rich 7 years, George 
Rich 7 years, Robert Cristy g years, Mar- 
tin Bullock 16 years, Jacob Putnam 19 
years, Jonathan Goodwin 2 years, Samuel 
D. Hollister 2 years, and Andrew English 
24 years, from 1849 to his death in 1873 ; 
Geo. W. English 2 years, and Edgar L. 
Smith, elected in 1875, now in ofiice. 

REPRESENTATIVES. 

The town was first represented in the 
Legislature in 1804, by Stephen Pitkin. 
He held this office in all 13 years, then by 
George Rich 3 years, Wm. Martin 12 years, 
Josiah Hollister 2 years, Alonzo Foster 2 
years, Spencer Lawrence 2 years. Wel- 
come Cole 2 years, Horace Hollister 3 
years, Ira Smith 2 years, Stephen R. Hol- 
lister 2 years, E. D. Putnam 2 years. Hi- 



MARSHFIELD. 



205 



ram Potter 2 years, Asa Spencer 2 years, 
George A. Gilman 2 years, Ingals Carleton 
2 )-ears, Samuel D. HoUister 2 years, An- 
drew English 2 years, Bowman Martin 2 
years, C. W. H. Dwinell 2 years, Wm. 
Martin, Jr., 2 years, and Preston Haskins 
2 years. George Wooster, 1869-70; 
Moody Bemis, 1872; George Putnam, 
1874; Levi W. Pitkin, 1876; Marshal D. 
Perkins, 1878; Mark M ears, 1880. 

Town Treasurer. — George O. Davis, 
elected 1870. 

SELECTMEN FROM 1876. 

EliG. Pitkin, 1876-77; H. P. Martin, 
1876-78; J.H.Eaton, 1876; Willis Lane, 
1876; Marcus R. Bliss, 1877-78-79; H. 
H. Hollister, 1879-80; Chester Sawyer, 
1880; Levi W. Pitkin, Orin H. Smith, 
Daniel Holcomb, 1881. 

TAVERNS. 

Joshua Pitkin, Esq., raised the first 
tavern-sign Oct. 1805. He continued to 
keep a public house many years. The 
second tavern was opened by Charles Cate, 
where Erastus Eddy now lives. Joshua 
Smith moved into town from Ashford,Ct., 
in Dec. 181 1, bought out Mr. Cate, and 
commenced keeping tavern, which he con- 
tinued 17 years. He was a kind neighbor, 
accommodating to all, and travelers who 
called on him would never forget the ex- 
ceeding drollery of his jokes. He died at 
the age of 84. His wife, one of our best 
women, still lives (1869) aged 87. 

Capt. James English opened a tavern 
about the year 181 1, where Obed Lamber- 
ton now resides, and kept a public house 
a number of years. He was a wheelwright 
and a highly respected citizen ; removed 
to what is now the village; died in 1825, 
and was buried with Masonic honors. 

Capt. Jacob Putnam bought out Capt. 
English in 1820, and kept a public house 
some years, and his son, A. F. Putnam, 
kept a number of years after at the old 
stand, and later at the village. 

Dudley Pitkin commenced keeping a 
tavern at the old place occupied by his 
father, about the year 1824, and for a few 
years continued the business. 

Daniel Wilson moved from Alstead, N. 



H., in 1821, and settled in the village. He 
built and run the first carding-machine in 
town. He also bought the place where 
the hotel now stands, and built there a 
one-story plank house. The place soon 
passed into other hands, and in 1826, was 
bought by Eli Wheelock, who put on an- 
other story, and made other additions to 
the house, and opened it as a hotel the 
same year. It has been used for a public 
house till the present time (1869), but so 
many additions and alterations have been 
made, that it would now be rather a diffi- 
cult matter to find the original building. 
The property soon passed into other hands, 
was purchased by Horace Bliss, who re- 
mained in the tavern a number of years ; 
then sold to Lyman Clark, who afterwards 
sold to Jabez L. Carpenter, and it has had a 
number of owners since. A. F. Putnam 
was proprietor 6 years, and sold to P. 
Stevens. The present occupant (1869) is 
P. Lee. 

STORES. 

The first store in town was opened as 
early as 18 18, by Alfred Pitkin, son of 
Joshua Pitkin, Esq., in a one-story house 
just opposite his father's, and just where 
Wm. Haskins' house stands. After a few 
years Mr. Pitkin removed to Plainfield, 
and later to Montpelier. The first store 
in the village was kept by a Mr. Kimball. 
He stayed here only a short time. 

Enoch D. Putnam opened a store here, 
Apr. 5, 1840, and continued to trade here 
till March, 1855, when he sold out and 
went to Cabot, and has recently removed 
to Montpelier. George Wooster went into 
partnership with Mr. Putnam in Sept. 
1848. In May, 1858, G. & F. Wooster 
commenced trade in their starch-factory, 
but have since built a large store, and are 
doing a good business. 

A. F. Putnam commenced trade in 1866, 
and IS also doing a good business. Levi 
Bemis and some others have also been in 
the mercantile business in our village, and 
after a time have left for other places. 
Geo. A. Putnam is our present merchant 
(1881), and Mrs. Adams keeps a ladies 
store. A. F. Putnam, postmaster. 



2o6 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



PHYSICIANS. 

Dr. Bates came here in 1826. He loca- 
ted at Eli Wheelock's hotel; remained 
but a few months. In 1827, Dr. Hersey 
came here to practice. He boarded at 
Judge Pitkin's ; remained about a year. 
About 1828, Dr. Daniel Corliss settled in 
our village, stayed a year and removed to 
Montpelier, (now East Montpelier, where 
he died.) 

Dr. Asa Phelps removed from Berlin to 
this place in 1831, and still lives here. 
For many years he was the only resident 
physician. He has known as well as any 
other man, what it was to travel over our 
hills on a dark night, with the thermom- 
eter below zero, while the winds were 
all abroad — years ago. At that time, we 
had many more poor people in town, 
than now, On such nights after doing for 
the sick, if he could have lodging on the 
floor, with his feet towards the fire, he 
would put up till daylight. He was never 
known after such visits to complain of his 
fare, indeed sometimes, he had no fare to 
complain of. He has had a large practice — 
often without pay, never objecting to have 
counsel, and if superseded by others, "he 
kept the even tenor of his way," never 
speaking against the practice of other 
physicians ; thus has secured universal 
respect. 

Dr. Ezra Paine moved here in 1842, and 
remained here some 2 years. 

Dr. George Town removed here from 
Montpelier in 1852, but after a few years, 
sold out and returned to Montpelier, but 
removed here again, and has a good 
practice. 

Dr. J. O. A. Packer, homcEopathist, re- 
moved from Peacham here in 1865. He 
is doing a good business. 

LONGEVITY. 

A few persons here have attained to the 
age of 90 years. Dea. Spencer died at 
90; Mrs. Capron overgo; Mrs. Cree, 94; 
Mrs. Austin, 94. 

Mr. Joel Parker and wife resided in this 
place a year or two. Some few years since, 
Mrs. Parker had attained to the great age 
of 97, and on her birth-day sung two 
hymns to a neighbor who called upon her. 



Mr. P. was 10 years younger. They have 
both recently died in Northfield, she in 
her looth year. 

Aged persons who have died in town 
within 2) or \ years. — Daniel Young, 91, 
and his wife Lydia, 85 ; Sylvester Love- 
land, 88, and his wife, 84; Mary Bemis, 
84; Samuel G. Bent, 81 ; Ira Smith, 80; 
Abijah Bemis, 86; Willard Benton, 83. 

Aged persons now living (1881). — Dr. 
Asa Phelps, 85 ; Lucy Bemis, 86 ; Sally 
Dwinell, 86; Mary York. 

MILLS. 

The first saw-mill in town was built by 
Stephen Pitkin, afterwards Judge Pitkin, 
in 1802, on Lye brook. In 1812, he built 
the first saw-mill at what is now the village, 
and a grist-mill in 181 8, which was used 
many years. The stone and brick grist- 
mill, now owned by Harrison F. Ketchum, 
was built in 1 831, by Gen. Parley Davis 
and Truman Pitkin. About the year 1823, 
Simeon Gage built clothing-works at the 
south part of the village, but they were 
used only a few years. 

LIBRARY. 

There has been for 20 years, in this 
place, a circulating library, of historical 
works, travels, etc. 

CONGREGATIONAL CHURCH. 

BY MRS. DEA. A. BOYLES. 

The first Congregational church in 
Marshfield was organized Dec. 24, 1800. 
By request of a number of persons in 
town, to be embodied into a visible church 
of Christ, Rev. Mr. Hobartand two breth- 
ren, Mr. Timothy Hatch and Peterson 
GifTord of Berlin, came and organized a 
church of 13 members. Selah Wells was 
the first deacon, and afterwards Gideon 
Spencer. For a number of years they had 
additions, both by professions and letters, 
and were supplied with preaching a por- 
tion of the time by ministers from the 
neighboring towns. Rev. Mr. Hobart of 
Berlin, Rev. Mr. Lyman of Brookfield, 
Rev. Mr. Wright of Montpelier, Rev. 
Mr. Worcester of Peacham, and also a Mr. 
Washburn and Mr. Bliss, were among 
those who occasionally ministered to them. 
About the year 18 17, Rev. Levi Parsons, 



MARSHFIELD. 



207 



afterwards missionary to Palestine, was 
here, and preached a number of times. 
But they never enjoyed the blessing of a 
settled minister. Thus they continued till 
Dec. 8, 1825, when with the hope that 
they should enjoy better privileges, those 
members residing at the south part of the 
town, united with the church in Plainfield. 
The rest of the members, and a number 
of other persons who wished to unite with 
a Congregational church, thought best to 
form a church at the north part of the town, 
in the vicinity of the village, and by re- 
quest, Rev. Mr. French of Barre, and 
Rev. Mr. Heard of Plainfield, came and 
organized a church, which still remains. 
Brothers Andrew Currier and Alexander 
Boyles, were chosen deacons. It has been 
supplied with preaching a part of the time. 
Among those who have labored here are 
Rev. Messrs. Kinney, Baxter, Herrick, 
Ton-ey, Waterman, Samuel Marsh, and 
Lane. Rev. Joseph Marsh labored here 
nearly 2 years. Through the summer of 
1868, Rev. Mr. Winch, of Plainfield, 
preached at 5 o'clock every other Sabbath. 
There have been many removals and the 
present number of church members is 
small . 

Record from iS6g ^0 Aug. 3, iZji, by 
Rev. TV. F. CoblcigJi, pastor, thett. — For 
several years there had been but little Con- 
gregational preaching in Marshfield, when 
in the spring of 1870, Rev. J. T. Graves 
preached half of the time for 6 weeks. 
Soon after. Rev. N. F. Cobleigh was en- 
gaged to preach half of the time for i year. 
The church had no church property, but 
in the spring of 187 1, a new church was 
begun, a Sabbath school organized, and a 
library obtained. The church will be ded- 
icated Aug. 16, 1871. The membership 
has more than doubled during the past 
year. Preaching services are now held 
every Sabbath. Rev. N. F. Cobleigh is 
to be settled as pastor Aug. i6th inst. 

Record from Ai/g. 1877, to i^7<), from 
Rev. Geo. E. Forbes. — From this time to 
the spring of 1877, Rev. Mr. Cobleigh 
was its pastor, and through his faithful ef- 
forts its membership was very largely in- 



creased. Of the. 57 who composed the 
church when Mr. Cobleigh resigned, only 
9 were members in 1870. Aug. 16, the 
church was dedicated and the pastor in- 
stalled. After Mr. Cobleigh's resignation 
in 1877, Rev. John Stone, of Berlin, sup- 
plied until early in 1878, when Rev. Paul 
Henry Pitkin, of Brooklyn, N. Y., was 
called to be its pastor. He was installed 
March 14; is its present pastor (1879.) 
Alexander Boyles, elected deacon in Aug. 
1827, held office till his death, Nov. 27, 
1876. The other deacons have been An- 
drew Currier, Silas Carleton, Benjamin 
Boyles and Mervin Roberts. 

CHRISTIAN CHURCHES. 

BV MISS A. BULLOCK. 

About the year 18 15, Elder John Capron 
commenced preaching in this town, and 
soon after removed his family here from 
Danville. There was a revival of religion, 
and a church was organized about this 
time. They believed the Scriptures, to- 
gether with the spirit of God, a sufficient 
rule of faith and practice. They were 
blessed with more or less prosperity till 
1825, when some of them considered some 
articles setting forth their faith and cove- 
nant, as necessary and proper for a Chris- 
tian church. This caused a division, but 
finally there was a reorganization under 
the pastoral care of Elder Capron, Dec. 
15, 1836, the two blending together again. 
Between this time and March 5, 1844, 
44 persons united with this church, a part 
living in Calais, and a part in Marshfield. 
Among this number there were many of 
whom we believed "their record is on 
high." Elder Capron had but little edu- 
cational advantages, was of warm and 
energetic temperament, and many remem- 
ber him justly, as a friend and brother in 
adversity. He moved from this town 
some time after the death of his excellent 
wife, who was kind to all and ever had a 
word for the afflicted. She died June 14, 
1848, and was buried in our soil, and her 
memory still clings to our hearts. Elder 
Capron being the first settled minister in 
town, was entitled to, and received the 
town's minister lot of land. He removed to 



208 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



Stowe. [See history of Morristown. Ed.] 
He was married a second time, and died 
some years since. 

About the year 1839, there was another 
church of the Christian denomination or- 
ganized in the North-west partof the town, 
under the direction of Elder Jared L. Green. 
This church was subjected to very hard 
and severe trials. Many of its members 
sleep in the dust, some are scattered to 
other parts, while others are living and 
striving for the better land. 

ADVENT CHURCH. 

Feb. 6, 1867, another church was organ- 
ized here of 6 members, believing in the 
advent of Christ near at hand, under the 
pastoral care of Rev. J. A. Cleaveland. 

BAPTIST CHURCH. 

From the early settlement of the town 
there have been residents here who have 
maintained the views of the Baptist church. 
More than 30 years ago a church of this 
denomination was organized, consisting of 
members in Barre, Plainfield and Marsh- 
field. The larger number resided in Barre 
and Plainfield, and this church will prob- 
ably be mentioned in the history of one of 
those towns. [Barre has left it, we think, 
to Plainfield.— Ed.] 

UNIVERSALIST SOCIETY. 
BY I;EV. a. SCOTT. 

Universalism was introduced into this 
town by Daniel Bemis, a Revolutionary 
soldier, who moved here from Conn, in 
1809. Soon after Ebenezer Dodge, Jr., 
and Robert Spencer became associated 
with Mr. B. in religious faith. The first 
preacher of this faith here was Rev. Wm. 
Farewell, in 1818. From this time there 
was occasional Universalist preaching here 
till 1854, by Revs. L.H. Tabor, Benjamin 
Page, Lester Warren, and it may be some 
others. 

In 1854, Daniel Bemis, Junior, Edwin 
Pitkin, Jonathan Goodwin, Abijah Hall 
and others united and secured the services 
of Rev. Wm. Sias for one-fourth of the 
Sabbaths for this and the next year. 
During 1855, the friends organized, under 
the name of "The Universalist Society of 
Liberal Christians in Marshfield." The 



society for the year 1856 and '7. enjoyed 
the labors of Rev. Eli Ballou for one- 
fourth the Sabbaths. 

In 1827, an association was formed 
called "The Union meeting-house soci- 
ety," for building and keeping in repair a 
church they erected in the village in the 
north part of the town ; the only church 
edifice in town till 1859. [In 1831, when 
the first list of shares prepared apportion- 
ing the time to the several denominations, 
the Universalists were represented by four 
shares, owned by Sam'l. Ainsworth, Daniel 
Bemis, Jr., and Cyrus Smith.] In 1857, 
this association repaired and modernized 
the church, making it neat and pleasant, 
both external and internal. Some of the 
other societies, desiring more room at this 
time, relinquished their interest in the 
church. The property being sold to pay 
the assessment upon it, it fell into different 
hands, and at the present writing, 1869, 
three-fourths of the occupancy is given to 
the Universalist society. This change in 
the occupancy of the house gave a new im- 
petus to the cause in the town. This so- 
ciety has since sustained public worship 
one-half of the Sabbaths, excepting 1866 
and '7, during which they sustained it every 
Sabbath. These years were supplied as 
follows : 1858 and ''9, by Rev. Eli Ballou ; 
i860. Rev. M. B. Newell ; 1861, '2 and '3, 
by Rev. E. Ballou; 1864, byRev. Olympia 
Brown; 1865, by Rev. L. Warren; 1866, 
7 and '8, by Rev. A. Scott. Revs. New- 
ell, Brown and Scott lived in the town 
during their ministrations. The society 
was united, and at the present time, 1869, 
is in as good, if not better, condition than 
at any former period, having raised more 
money for the support of worship one-half 
of the Sabbaths, than it had ever before 
done. Rev. L. Warren is to labor with it 
from May i, 1869. Connected with the 
society and congregation are some 40 fam- 
ilies, beside many single individuals of 
other families. There is also a small Sab- 
bath-school, for the use of which there is 
a reading library of 150 vols. The church 
property is worth from $3,000 to $3,500, 
f of which is given to the occupancy of 
the society. 



MARSHFIELD. 



209 



From paper of Rev. Geo. E. Forbes m 
1879 — Universalist record continued. — In 
1869, Rev. Lester Warren was engaged to 
preach one-half of the time till the spring 
of 1873. In July of this year, Rev. Geo. 
E. Forbes was settled over the society. 
For 2 years the Plainfield society united 
with this for his support. The remainder 
of the time he has preached for this so- 
ciety exclusively, and is its present pastor. 

The Union Sabbath-school, composed 
of scholars from the different denomina- 
tions occupying the church, was continued 
until 1871. Since that time the Sabbath- 
school here has been connected with this 
society ; present number, about 90, officers 
and pupils. A. H. Davis was its super- 
intendent in 1871 to '''j^, when he was suc- 
ceeded by C. H. Newton. Under the 
ministry of Rev. L. Warren in 187 1, a 
church was organized, which at present 
numbers 43 members. John E. Eddyand 
Abial H. Davis were elected deacons, and 
still hold the office. Ira H. Edson was the 
first church clerk, succeeded by D. R. 
Loveland and C. H. Newton, present 
clerk. 

METHODIST CHURCH IN MARSHFIELD. 

In May, 1826, Stephen Pitkin, Jr., mar- 
ried the writer, a daughter of Gen. Parley 
Davis, of Montpelier. A few months be- 
fore she had been baptized by Rev. Wil- 
bur Fisk, and united with theM. E. church 
on probation. Previous to their marriage 
Mr. Pitkin had also experienced religion. 
In Jan. 1827, there being no Methodists in 
Marshfield at that time, they both united 
with the Methodist church in Cabot ; he 
as a prqbationer, being baptized by Rev. 
A. D. Sargeant, of the N. E. Conference, 
and she, by letter, in full connection. In 
1827, the union meeting-house was built 
at Marshfield, and a committee appointed 
to divide the time for occupying the house 
between the different denominations own- 
ing it. A few Sabbaths were set to the 
Methodists, though Mr. Pitkin was the 
only Methodist pew-holder. Rev. N. W. 
Aspinwall, preacher in charge at Cabot, 
appointed and attended meetings here on 
these Sabbaths alternately with his col- 



league. Rev. Elisha J. Scott. In Feb. 
1828, the first quarterly meeting was held, 
weather stormy. The meeting commenced 
Saturday, p. m. Several ministers and one 
minister's wife were in attendance, and all 
were entertained at our own house — a 
small frame-house, never encumbered with 
clapboards. 

The next year Sophronia and Sally Cate 
were baptized by Rev. Hershal Foster — 
the former now Mrs. Guernsey, of Mont- 
pelier. These two, with Mr. Pitkin and 
myself, and a Mrs. Whittle, constituted 
the first Methodist class in Marshfield, or- 
ganized in the autumn of 1829, Mr. Pitkin 
class-leader and steward. What seasons 
of interest were the class-meetings and 
prayer-meetings of those days ! The next 
to join were Samuel G. Bent and wife. 
Our numbers increased very gradually ; 
at most, we occupied the church only \ 
the Sabbaths. Rev. Solomon Sias, Rev. 
Stephen H. Cutler, Rev. E. J. Scott, and 
others, spoke to us the words of life. About 
1834, the first wife of Andrew English, 
Esq., proposed to the writer, we should 
get the children of the neighborhood to- 
gether for a Sabbath-school. As we had 
preaching at the church so little, we met 
at our homes alternately, at 5 o'clock. 
This we did many months, till we had a 
good-sized school, when it was proposed 
to take our Sabbath-school to the church, 
where it was duly organized, Jeremiah 
Carleton, Esq., first superintendent. A 
library was procured, and the school pros- 
pered. It was strictly a union Sabbath- 
school. The desk was supplied by minis- 
ters of different denominations, and our 
Sabbath-school went on. For a number 
of years the Methodists were supplied with 
preaching \ the time, by preachers who 
lived in Cabot. After that, we were united 
with Woodbury and Calais, and supplied 
in that way. A few united with the little 
band from year to year, but deaths and re- 
movals kept our number small. Some of 
these death-bed scenes were, however, re- 
markably happy. Especially was this the 
case in the death of Loammi Sprague. 

The first preacher sent here by Confer- 
ence was Rev. David Packer, who died a 



27 



210 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



few years since in Chelsea, Mass. He re- 
sided on East Hill, in Calais. 

At this time preachers received but a 
very small salary, and the members were 
often scattering and poor. After being in 
Calais a few weeks, Mr. and Mrs. Packer 
one morning ate their last food. Almost 
an entire stranger, Mr. Packer did not feel 
that he could beg. After uniting in fam- 
ily prayer, he retired to an old barn on the 
place, while she sought her closet, and 
each alone committed their case to the 
father of the stranger and the poor. 

A mile away from them lived a young 
farmer, not a professor of religion. As he 
started after breakfast for the hay-field with 
his hired help, something seemed to impel 
him to stop. He must go back to the 
house and carry some provisions to the 
new minister. It was of no use to say, 
"I'm not acquainted with them, I know 
nothing of their needs," he must take 
them some food. He told the men they 
might go to mowing, he must go back. 
He went back, told his wife his feelings, 
and they together put up meat, potatoes, 
flour, butter and sugar, and other things, 
a fair wagon load, and he took it over, 
and found how blessed it was to give, and 
they, how safe to trust in God. 

Slowly did the little church increase, 
never having preaching more than one- 
fourth of the time for many years. 

In 1 85 1, the Congregationalists and 
Methodists agreed to unite and support 
preaching. First for 2 years they would 
have Congregational preaching, and then 
Methodist for the next 2. Rev. Mr. Marsh, 
Congregational, was our first minister, 
and at the close of the two years Rev. 
Lewis P. Cushman was appointed by Con- 
ference, and spent 2 years with us. In 
those years a number were added to the 
church. Mr. Cushman is now a mission- 
ary in Texas ; his little daughter, Clara, 
so well remembered by us, started last 
October as a missionary to China. 

Before the close of Mr. Cushman's first 
year Mr. Pitkin died, and as he had been 
very influential in procuring and sustain- 
ing preaching, and there was no one to 
then take his place, the effort was now aban- 



doned, and for a number of years we had 
no stated preaching. At length, in 1859, 
a few concluded to make one more eff'ort, 
and Rev. Joshua Gill was stationed with 
us. The Union church had passed mostly 
into the hands of the Universalists, and 
we had no preaching place. We needed a 
church, and one was put up and covered 
in '59, and finished in i860. The house 
was the right size, well furnished. Our 
next minister was Rev. Geo. H. Bickford, 
an excellent preacher, and one of the best 
of men. He died some years later at 
Barton. His last words, his hand upon 
his breast, closing his eyes, that grand old 
doxology, the gloria, "Glory be to the 
Father, the Son and the Holy Ghost." 
Rev. C. S. Buswell came next 2 years. 
Rev. James Robinson was stationed here 
in 1865, Rev. Joseph Hamilton in 1867; 
both years we had some additions. In 
1869, Rev. James Spinney was appointed 
here. No. of vols, in S. S. library, 450. 

In 1871, Rev. J. Hamilton was with us 
again, and stayed one year. In 1872, 
Conference made Rev. C. P. Flanders our 
pastor, succeeded in 1874, by Rev. C. A. 
Smith, who was with us 3 years, followed 
by Rev. G. H. Hastings in 1877, in 1879 
by Rev. O. A. Farley, and in 1881 by Rev. 
C. H. Farnsworth, our present pastor. 
Our members have gradually increased ; 
our present number is "]■}). 

In the spring of 1870, we bought of 
Bemis Pike a good house and garden for a 
parsonage; cost, $1,800. 

Feb. 3, 1878, our church was burned. 
The society had just put down a new car- 
pet, and a new organ and new lamps had 
been purchased, which, together with our 
large Sabbath-school library, was all con- 
sumed, and no insurance. What a loss for 
us ! But after mature deliberation we de- 
cided to rebuild. The Church Extension 
Society gave us $200, Rev. A. L. Cooper 
$50, and a few other friends smaller sums. 
January 16, 1879, our new church was 
dedicated, sermon by Rev. A. L. Cooper. 
The church is built in the Norman Gothic 
style of architecture, nicely finished and 
furnished throughout, warmed from the 
vestry beneath, and free from debt. 



MARSHFIELD. 



Since we have had a church of our own, 
our Sabbath-school has been prosperous, 
and never more so than at the present time. 
It is large, numbering over 80. The pres- 
ent superintendent is J. B. Pike. 

STEPHEN PITKIN, 

whose history is so interwoven with early 
Methodism in Marshfield, was very un- 
assuming in his manners, and very strong 
in his temperance and anti-slavery prin- 
ciples. He belonged to the old Liberty 
party when in this town ; their caucuses 
were opened with prayer. He had a great 
aversion to pretension. He once lent his 
sleigh and harness to a man calling him- 
self John Cotton, to go to Barnet, to be 
gone three days. Cotton was quite a 
stranger, having been in our place but 6 
weeks, during which he had boarded with 
my husband's brother, working for him a 
part of the time, and the rest of the time 
selling clocks he had purchased of a Mr. 
Bradford, in Barre. Four days went by. 
On inquiry, Mr. Pitkin found that tire 
clocks had been purchased on trust, and 
all sold for watches or money ; that he 
owed $60 toward his horse, and that he 
had borrowed of the brother with whom 
he boarded, horse-blanket, whip and mit- 
tens. It seemed sure he was a rogue. 
What could be done? Pursuit was use- 
less after such a lapse of time. Mr. P. 
felt his loss severely ; he had little prop- 
erty then, and what he had, was the product 
of hard labor ; but he always made his 
business a subject of prayer. About 3 
weeks passed away. One evening, having 
been out some time, he came in, and with 
his characteristic calmness, said, "H — , I 
shall not worry any more about my sleigh 
and harness ; I think I shall get them again." 
" Why do you think so ? " said I. His an- 
swer was, "I have been praying God to 
arrest Cotton's conscience, so that he will 
be obliged to leave them where I can get 
them, and I believe. he will do it," and 
from this time, Wednesday evening, he 
seemed at rest on the subject. The next 
Tuesday morning, as he stepped into the 
post-office, a letter was handed him from 
Littleton, N. H., written by the keeper of 
a public house there : 



Mr. Pitkin — Sir : — Mr. John Cotton has 

left your sleigh and harness here, and you 
can have them by calling for them. 

Yours, &c., John Newton. 

He started for Littleton the same day, 
some 40 miles, found the sleigh and har- 
ness safe, with no encumbrance. The 
landlord said the Wednesday night pre- 
vious, at 12 o'clock, a man calling himself 
John Cotton came to his house, calling for 
horse-baiting and supper. He would not 
stay till morning, but wished to leave the 
sleigh and harness for Mr. Pitkin, of 
Marshfield, Vt. He also requested the 
landlord to write to Mr. Pitkin, and said 
he could not write, and that he took them 
for Mr. Pitkin on a poor debt, and started 
oif at 2 o'clock at night, on horseback, 
with an old pair of saddle-bags and a 
horse-blanket on a saddle with one stirrup, 
and no crupper, on one of the coldest 
nights of that winter. None of the other 
men to whom he was indebted received 
anything from him, or ever heard from him 
after. 

[This brief sketch of this so worthy man 
cannot be better completed than by the 
following lines we have in our possession, 
which were written by Mrs. Pitkin after his 
death :] 

"I have loved tliee on Earth, 
May I meet thee in Heaven! " 

Thrice, since tliey.Iaid liim with the dead. 
Have Autumn's goldeu slieaves been laded. 

Thrice have the spring-birds come and flown. 
And thrice the flowrets bloomed and faded. 

Yet, yet the far-off birds returning, 

The harvest sunset gilded o'er, 
The flowrets springing, blooming, fading, 

But whisper, " he will come no moi-e." 

That hymn of praise, that voice in prayer. 

On memory's zephyrs back to me, 
Thrilling my inmost soul, they come 

Like midnight music on the sea. 

In these dear haunts, besiile this hearth. 
There is for me no answering tone. 

We knelt together by her grave, 
I weep and pray by theirs alone! 

Oh, " pure in heart," in purpose firm. 

To nic be thy meek mantle given ; 
One faith, one hope was ours on earth, 

God grant us one bless'd home in Heaven. 

In the winter of 1866, a lodge of Good 
Templars was organized here. Good has 
been accomplished, and it is hoped much 
more may yet be done. The present num- 
ber of members is 10 1. 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



DEA. GIDEON SPENCER 

Came first to Marshfield from East Hart- 
ford, Conn., in company with Caleb and 
Martin Pitkin in the spring of 1792. That 
summer and the next they worked clear- 
ing land, and preparing for the coming of 
their families, returning for them in the 
fall. February, 1794, Mr. Spencer, Caleb 
Pitkin and Aaron Elmer removed their 
families to this wilderness, and commenced 
the settlement of Marshfield. From Mont- 
pelier they came with hand-sleds without 
roads over snow 4 feet deep. Daniel, old- 
est child of the Spencer family, was 4 years 
old. This family had the first daughter, 
born in town, and their son, Horace, was 
born the day the town was organized. 
Their location was a mile from either of 
the other settlers. So neighborly were the 
bears, Mr. Spencer found it necessary to 
take his gun when going after his cow, 
which had the whole forest for pasture. 

He was chosen deacon of the Congrega- 
tional church, soon after its organization ; 
was active in sustaining meeting, and at- 
tained the great age of 90 years. His 
wife, a daughter of Capt. Isaac Marsh, a 
woman of energetic and social habits, died 
at the age of 86. 

CALEB PITKIN 

married Hannah, daughter of Capt. Isaac 
Marsh, and came first to Marshfield as a 
surveyor. He was rather retiring in his 
manners, but had a vein of pleasantry 
which made him agreeable company, 
and he had a good education for the 
.times. He was a good reader, and often 
when no minister was present, read the 
Sunday sermon. His trade was a mason, 
and the original stone-chimneys of the 
first dwellings were laid by him. His 
wife was social, and a worker. He re- 
moved to Peacham a few years before his 
death, Apr. 1813, at the age of 40. His 
widow returned to Marshfield, and lived 
some years after the decease of her hus- 
band. The oldest son, James, still lives 
on the old place. One son, a physician, 
has deceased, and a daughter lives in 
Burlington. 



JOSHUA PITKIN, ESQ., 

born in East Hartford, Conn., arrived 
with his wife and three children in Marsh- 
field on the 1st of Mar., 1795, and located 
where Wm. Haskins now lives. Not a 
tree was felled on the lot, excepting what 
had been felled by hunters in trapping 
for furs ; but he went to work and soon 
had a spot cleared, a log-house up and 
ready to occupy. He raised a large family, 
and resided on the same place till his 
death. He kept the first public house in 
town, and was the first justice of peace. 
He and his exemplary wife united with the 
Congregational church. She died about 
182 1, and he married again. He com- 
menced a journal of his life and busi- 
ness Mar. 28, 1796. The last record is 
dated June 10, 1847. He died June 25, 
1847. His last words were, " I know that 
my Redeemer liveth," etc. Dea. Pitkin 
of Montpelier, his second son, kept the 
first store in town. None of his descend- 
ants remain in Marshfield. 

HON. STEPHEN PITKIN 

came with his wife into this town March i, 
1795. He had a large farm, pleasantly 
located, where Bowman Martin now re- 
sides. He was very well educated for the 
times, and possessed of a strong mind, 
and great energy. His keen eye, and 
commanding look gave evidence he was 
one to lead others, rather than one to be 
led. His influence was great in the busi- 
ness transactions of the town. He was 
the first town representative ; held the 
office in all, 13 years; was first militia 
captain, eventually became a major, and 
was assistant county judge 4 years. 

He was considerate of the poor, and the 
writer is informed by his nephew, James 
Pitkin, Esq., that in the cold season of 
i8i6and'i7, when almost no provisions 
were raised, he bought salmon at Mont- 
pelier by the barrel, when he had to be 
trusted for it himself, and sold it out to 
those in need, taking his pay when they 
could work for it. He continued to reside 
on the same farm till his death, which took 
place May 22, 1834, age 62. He raised a 
family of 13 children, 12 of his own, one 



MARSHFIELD. 



213 



dying in infancy, and one, the motherless 
babe of his brother, Levi, he and his ex- 
cellent wife adopted and brought up as 
their own. His oldest son, Horace, set- 
tled in town, but after a few years, re- 
moved to Central Ohio, where he recently 
died. His second son, Edwin, an enter- 
prising citizen, settled in town, raised a 
large and intelligent family, was consider- 
ably in town business, — and was for many 
years the principal surveyor in the vicinity. 
He died a few years since. His third son, 
Truman, settled in Marshfield first, sub- 
sequently in Montpelier, where he died, 
leaving 3 sons and one daughter. One of 
his sons. Gen. P. P. Pitkin, resides in 
Montpelier, and the other two at the West. 
His 4th son, Stephen Pitkin, Jr., will be 
particularly mentioned in another place in 
this history. The two youngest sons went 
West, where one died a number of years 
since. Three daughters still live, one in 
Iowa, and two in Massachusetts. 

CAPT. STEPHEN RICH, 

born in Sutton, Mass., at 15 became a 
soldier in the Revolutionary war, as a sub- 
stitute for his father. He was at the taking 
of Burgoyne, and in a number of other 
battles. He came to Marshfield in Feb. 
1798, and settled where his grandson 
Samuel D. Hollister now resides. He 
was the first selectman of Marshfield and 
first town clerk; held the ofl!ice 7 years. 
His only son George, was also town clerk 
7 years. He removed to Montpelier, 
where he died. Capt. Rich filled various 
town offices, and was an esteemed citizen. 
He accumulated a large property, and had, 
besides the son mentioned, a family of 
five daughters. He resided where he first 
settled till his death, at the age of 83. His 
wife, a woman of uncommon energy, sur- 
vived some years after his decease. 

CAPT. JOSIAH HOLLISTER. 

Corn in E. Hartford, Ct., came to Marsh- 
field about the year 1806. He married 
Phebe, daughter of Capt. Stephen Rich, 
in 1809. He acquired a large property, 
was respected by his townsmen, and had a 
fair share of town offices. He represented 
the town in the legislature of the State 2 



years, and was chosen captain of a com- 
pany of cavalry. He died at the age of 52. 

HON. HORACE HOLLISTER. 

Born in E. Hartford, Ct.,in 1791 ; when 
a young man came to Marshfielcl, and re- 
sided one year with his brother Josiah, 
and then returned to Ct. ; was married to 
Ruth P., daughter of Capt. Stephen Rich, 
and moved to Colebrook, N. H., first in 
1817, and to Marshfield in 1821. Like his 
brother, he was very successful, shared 
largely in the confidence of the people, 
and was very much in public business. 
He was a man who had an opinion of his 
own, and dared express it. He was elect- 
ed to most of the town offices ; was over- 
seer of the poor many years ; also, assistant 
judge 2 years, and senator 2 years. He 
died recently, aged 76. 

HON. WILLIAM MARTIN. 

BY MRS. SOLOMON WELLS, OF PLAINFIELD. 

Among the early settlers of Marshfield, 
was Wm. Martin, born in Francistown, 
N. H., July 28, 1786. In 1800, his father 
and family moved to the frontiers of Ver- 
mont. William worked out mostly till 21, 
to help support his father's family. He 
worked at South Boston a part of the time, 
and on the first canal that was built at 
Cambridge, and went to Canada, owing to 
the scarcity of money in Vermont, and 
worked. He had no education except 
what he picked up, without attending 
school. At 18, he enlisted in a company 
of cavalry ; was chosen at once an officer, 
and rose from one grade of office to an- 
other to colonel. At the time of Presi- 
dent Monroe's visit to Vermont, he com-* 
manded the company that escorted him 
into Montpelier, and took dinner with the 
President. He continued in the militia, 
was in the war of 18 12, and at the battle 
of Plattsburgh. 

In 1809, he married Sabra Axtell, of 
Marshfield, and moved that summer to 
Plainfield, where he lived 4 years, and 
then bought a farm in Marshfield, about a 
mile above Plainfield village, where he re- 
sided till 1840. His farm was one of the 
finest upon the head waters of the Win- 
ooski. He had 5 boys and 2 girls, two 



:i4 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



of whom are now dead. He held many of 

the town offices ; was constable and col- 
lector 25 years; 12 years representative, 
and a number of times was one of the as- 
sistant judges of the County Court. Up 
to 1840, much of his time was spent in 
public business. He then moved to Mont- 
pelier (now E. Montpelier,) afterwards 
returned to Marshfield, but finally removed 
to Rockton, 111., where he now resides. 
His wife is still living (1869,) but has been 
blind for 16 years. He is a man of fine 
social qualities, and was always hospitable 
and kind to the poor. He acquired a 
handsome property, and an accuracy in 
doing business which but few men possess. 
He was many years a member of the Con- 
gregational churchkin Plainfield. 

JACOB PUTNAM, ESQ. 

BY HON. E. D. PUTNAM, OF MONTPELIER. 

'My father, Jacob Putnam, moved from 
Alstead, N. H., to Marshfield, with his 
family, himself and wife, 3 boys and 3 
girls, in the spring of 1820. He also 
brought with him his father and mother, 
Joseph and Miriam Putnam. They were 
among the first settlers of Hancock, N. H., 
where my father was born in 1784. He 
bought the farm of James English, Esq., 
on the river road, 2 miles south of the vil- 
lage, 220 acres, for which he paid $1,400. 
He afterwards sold 50 acres, and the remain- 
der was sold in 1868 for $6,200. This is 
about a fair sample of the rise of real estate 
in the town in the last 50 years. Mr. Eng- 
lish moved to the village, and built a house 
and wheelwright shop. There were at 
^that time a saw and grist-mill, and only 
two houses within what are now the limits 
of the village. The land where the vil- 
lage now stands was then but partially 
cleared, and there were no settlements 
east of the river, except in the extreme 
N. E. and S. E. corners of the town, and 
there was but little money in the country. 
Most of the business transactions were in 
neat stock and grain. When anything of 
any considerable value was bought on 
credit (as was usually the case,) notes 
were generally given, payable in neat stock 
in Oct., or grain in Jan. following. When 



the prices of the stock could not be agreed 

upon by the parties, three men were se- 
lected as appraisers, their appraisal to be 
binding upon the parties. , A pair of good 
oxen were worth about $50 to $60 ; cows, 
$12 to $15 ; corn and rye were worth 5octs. 
per bushel ; oats, 20 cents ; potatoes, 12 to 
20 cents. Good crops of wheat were gen- 
erally raised in town, and I can recollect 
of wheat being carried as late as 1824, to 
Troy, N. Y., for a market. There was no 
manufacturing to any considerable extent 
done in this country as early as 1820. 
Nearly all the clothing was made at home 
by hand. The spinning-wheel and loom 
might be found in almost every house, and 
among my earliest recollections is the buzz 
of the wheel and the thumping of the old 
loom, and whenever there came a pleasant, 
sunny day in March, the flax-break might 
be heard at almost every farmer's barn, 
and very well do I recollect the " big 
bunches " of woolen and linen yarn which 
"ornamented" the kitchen of the old 
homestead, spun by my mother and sis- 
ters. The words of Proverbs, " She seek- 
eth wool and flax, and worketh diligently 
with her hands," were peculiarly applicable 
to my mother. In addition to making all 
the cloth for clothing the family, she made 
hundreds of yards of woolen and linen 
cloth, and exchanged it at the store for 
family necessaries. These days have 
passed. A spinning-wheel is 'rarely seen 
now ; if found at all, it is stowed away in 
some old garret, a relic, and the sewing- 
machine is annihilating the needle. Are 
people happier now than they were then? 
My father enjoyed the confidence of the 
public ; was town clerk 19 years, and oc- 
casionally held other town offices. He 
lived on the same place where he first 
bought 36 years, to the time of his death, 
in 1856, aged 72 years. My mother died 
in 1864, aged 81. They lived together 52 
years. Their children are all living, except 
the eldest son, Thomas B., who died Apr. 
30, 1830. The youngest son, A. F. Put- 
nam, is the present postmaster of Marsh- 
field. My grandfather died in 1826, aged 
83 years; my grandmother in 1835, aged 
91. 



MARSHFIELD. 



215 



JONATHAN GOODWIN, ESQ. 
BY MKS. H. L. GOODWIN. 

Jonathan Goodwin was born at Con- 
cord, N. H., May 27, 1784, where he 
passed his youth and early manhood. He 
was one of a large family. Were it not 
for the experience of the late war, it would 
be difficult for a person in these days to 
realize the bitterness of party-spirit and 
controversy, even among kindred, which 
existed before and during the war of 1812. 
At a family gathering where politics were 
discussed, Jonathan being a Democrat, 
and the other members of the family Fed- 
eralists, a brother remarked, "as there 
was a prospect of war, it would be a good 
time for him to show his patriotism and 
courage, if he had any." He replied, "it 
was a pity those who had so much sympa- 
thy for the enemies of their country, were 
not in a position to afford them the aid and 
assistance they would naturally wish to 
give." These remarks were never for- 
gotten. Jonathan enlisted as recruiting 
sergeant, was afterwards lieutenant and 
captain; was stationed at Saco, Me., Bos- 
ton and Plattsburgh. At the latter he re- 
ceived an injury from which he never re- 
covered, and was a pensioner the remain- 
der of his life. It is worthy of remark that 
during the 7 years he was in the United 
States' service, although at that time the 
custom of using ardent spirits was almost 
universal, he never indulged in it, not even 
after being assured by his physician that 
probably he would not survive the cam- 
paign without it. In 18 14, his family 
moved from Concord, N. H., to Randolph, 
Vt. After his discharge he removed to 
Chelsea, and in 1839, to this town to re- 
side with his eldest son. The following 
summer they built a house, and occupied 
it one winter. In April it was burned. 

It was burned on Saturday. The next 
day. Elder Capron announced from his 
pulpit that on Monday the inhabitants 
would meet to assist Messrs. Goodwin in 
getting out timber for another house-frame. 

On Monday, men enough came to cut 
the timber, hew it, frame it, draw it over a 
mile, and raise a house, 28 by 34 feet, in a 
day. 



He passed the remainder of his life in 
Marshfield ; was justice of peace, town 
clerk 2 years, postmaster 2 years, and 
often administered on the estates of the 
deceased, and gave general satisfaction. 
Although in early life his opportunities for 
education were limited, he was a person of 
more than ordinary information, especially 
in history and the Bible, of which he was 
a daily student. 

In early life he united with the Baptist 
church in Concord, but during a season of 
religious interest in Chelsea, was drawn to 
a more thorough examination of the Scrip- 
tures than ever before, which led to his 
embracing the doctrine of the final re- 
demption of all, in which belief he after- 
wards continued till his death, Jan. 1867, 
aged 82, generally respected as a man and 
a Christian. 

REV. MARCUS M. CARLETON, 

.son of Jeremiah Carleton, Esq., was born 
in Marshfield, 1826. When about 15, he 
made a profession of religion, uniting with 
the Congregational church in Barre, where 
he resided with his uncle. He soon after 
decided to be a foreign missionary, and 
from hence devoted all his energies to pro- 
curing a suitable education. He first en- 
tered Middlebury College, but removed to 
Amherst College, Massachusetts, where he 
graduated, and on account of a chronic 
cough went south to study theology at 
Columbia, S. C. After finishing his course, 
he offered himself to the Congregational 
Board for foreign missions, but was not 
accepted, they fearing his health would 
fail ; but determined in his resolutions he 
offered himself immediatqly to the Presby- 
terian Board by whom he was accepted, 
and sailed for India in 1865, where he has 
labored most of the time since. He was 
stationed first in Ambalia city, but the 
mission seeing him eminently fitted for an 
itinerant, set him apart for that work after 
a few years, since which he has lived most 
of the time in a tent, travelling from vil- 
lage to village in Ambalia district, in- 
structing and preaching to the people, and 
having studied medicine, .finding it very 
advantageous to him in his ministeral 



2l6 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



labors among the inhabitants, he also ad- 
ministers to them as a physician — some- 
times his family accompany him in the 
tent ; but during the hot season they gen- 
erally remain among the mountains, where 
he sometimes rests with them during the 
hottest period. [An account of his family 
we will not repeat here, as we have already 
given the same in a notice of Rev. Mr. 
Carleton with his family in Barre — See No. 
I, of this vol. p. 40. A member of the 
Carleton family tells me he is a man of 
herculean frame — physically and mentally 
a very strong man. In a letter to his 
father in 1879, an extract of which lies 
before me, he speaks o^ his good health 
as a source of great joy — seems to luxu- 
riate body and soul in his nomadic preach- 
ing life.] 

MARSHFIELD MILITARY RECORD. 
SOLDIERS OF l8l2. 

This place furnished 8 : Abijah Bemis, 
Phineas Bemis, Obadiah Bemis, David 
Cutting, John Waugh, Abijah Hall, Isaac 
Austin, and Philip Delan. 

Lewis Bemis, a brother of three of these 
soldiers, was also from this town, though 
he enlisted from Barnet. His father and 
friends all resided here, and he should 
have a notice here. He belonged to the 
old 4th regiment, which was sent out un- 
der Col. Miller to the then territory of 
Ohio, to look after the Indians who were 
making depredations on the frontier set- 
tlements. At one time they came to the 
dwelling of a Mr. Harriman, (whose wife 
was the daughter of Alexander Parker of 
Montpelier, and sister of Mrs. James Pit- 
kin of this town,) just about an hour after 
the savages had murdered and left him 
and his family. They pressed on, but 
failed to overtake the Indians, and soon 
after joined the main body under the infa- 
mous Gen. Hull on its way to Fort Detroit. 
Before arriving at Detroit, Col. Miller saw 
HulPs treachery, and accused him of it, 
and challenged him to fight a duel, both 
before and after their arrival, quite in vain ; 
he surrendered the fort and army without 
firing a gun. In that fort, among our 
men, were a number of British who had 



deserted and joined our army. The next 
morning, and two or three succeeding 
mornings, our army was paraded and the 
British officers walked along and inspected 
it, and when they saw a British soldier, 
he was tapped on the shoulder, and com- 
manded to step out. Where they had 
suspicions, and yet were not certain as to 
their being British subjects, they would 
question them. A number of times Mr. 
Bemis, though he never saw Ireland, was 
asked, '* In what town in Ireland were you 
born"? Each time his answer was, "I 
was born in Paxham, in Massachusetts." 
One poor fellow, the first time they came 
round, succeeded in squinting his eyes so 
as fairly to deceive them, and after that 
succeeded in slipping down an embank- 
ment just in the right time to- save his life. 
About 40 of these jDOor deserters were 
taken out and shot. The army, surren- 
dered by Hull, was then taken to Quebec, 
and confined in a prison-ship on the St. 
Lawrence, where they were allowed but one 
half pint of water per day, though their 
prison was floating on the river, and if any 
one attempted to let down a cup for water, 
he was shot down. Three-fourths of the 
prisoners eventually died from the cruelties 
there received. The rest were eventually 
exchanged. 

Jesse Webster died in Marshfield, 
Oct. 20, 1878, aged 83 years. He was one 
of the Plattsburgh volunteers, and had an 
application for pension pending at the time 
of his death. 

It is not known that any one enlisted 
from this town, in the war with Mexico. 

But when the great rebellion broke out, 
that intensity of feeling which thrilled from 
the prairies of the West to the shores of 
the Atlantic, found an answering tone 
among our hills, and by our firesides. And 
as call after call for reinforcements came, 
the father left his family, the son his pa- 
rents, in many cases, alas ! to return no 
more. 

They came in serried ranks, the boys in blue, 
Who at their country's call no danger knew ; 
Room ! room ! for Marshfield boys, our 
soldiers true. 



MARSHFIELD. 



217 



LIST OF SOLDIERS FURNISHED FOR WAR OF 
THE REBELLION. 

BY GEN. p. p. I'lTKlN, OF MONTPELIER. 

Alphonso Lessor, Co. D, 2d Reg. Pro. Lt, wd. 

Patrick Mahar, F, 2. Wd. & dis. Oct. 31, 62. 

Alvah H. Miles, F, 2. 

Chauncey Smith, D, 2. Died of disease in 
army. 

David P. Bent, G, 4. Died ; buried at Wash- 
ington. 

Byron Bullock, G, 4. Died of disease in army. 

Hiram Hall, H, 3. Died. 

John E. Aiken, G, 4. 

Robert A. Spencer, G, 4. 

Edward W. Bradley, F, 6. Wounded. 

Homer Hollister, F, 6. Wounded in hand. 

Asa H. Winch, ist Bat. Died at New Orleans. 

Joshua D. Dunham, 2d Bat. Died at New 
Orleans. 

George W. Nownes, C, First Cav. 

Ira Batchelder, C, First Cav. Wounded. 

Josiah O. Livingston, I, 9. Pro. Capt. Co. G, 
Oct. 19, '64. 

George N. Carpenter, I, 9. Pro. ist. Lieut. 

Benjamin F. Huntington, I, 9. 

Vilas Smith, I, 9. Lost overboard Steamer 
U. S. near Fortress Monroe. 

John Q. Amidon, I, 11. 

Jackson Blodgett, I, 11. Died. 

George H. Wheeler, I, 11. 

Harvey L. Wood, I, 11. Deserted. 

Benj. F. Shephard, Jr., I, 11. Died in Hosp. 
at Montpelier. 

Robert H. Tibbetts, I, 11, Killed in battle. 

Alvah A. Cole, I, 11. 

Elbridge G. Wilson, I, 11. Killed in battle. 

p-rancis H. Felix, I, 11. Injured in shoulder. 

John W. Huntington, I, 11. 

Lorenzo D. Mallory, C, ist Cav. Pris'nr at 
Andersonville ; exch'd, died on way home. 

William R. Gove, C, ist Cav. 

Charles Nownes, C, ist Cav. 

Thaddeus S. Bullock, G, 4. Died in hospital. 

Nathaniel Robinson, G, 4. Ball in hand, 
cannot be extracted. 

Calvin R. Hills, G, 4. Wounded. 

William A. Webster, A, 4. Died at Ander- 
sonville. 

Wesley P. Martin, G, 4. 

David B. Merrill, A, 4. 

Smith Ormsbee, G, 4. Shot on picket, died 
from wound. 

Samuel Wheeler, A, 4. 

John Bancroft, C, Cav. Died. 

Parker S. Dow, C, 8 Regt. 

Frederick H. Turner, H, 11. 

David K. Lucas, 3d Bat. 

Edmund H. Packer, 3d Bat. 

Allen Phelps, Frontier Cav, 

Moses Lamberton, do. do. 

Edward L. Wheeler, do. do. 

Leonard H. Fulsome, do. do. 

Frank L. Batchelder, E, 4 Regt. 

Ira Ainsworth, E, 4. 

Patrick Moore, D, 8. 

Lysander E. Walbridge, E, 8. 

Theron T. Lamphere, E, 8. 

Hiram Graves, K, 2. 

Thomas Witham, K, 2. Died, prisoner. 



28 



George H. Nelson, D, 2. Badly wounded. 

David Powers, D, 2. 

Henry A. Rickard, D, 2. 

Joseph S. M. Benjamin, B, Cav. 

Francis H. Ketchum, C, " Badly wound- 
ed with shell. 

Eri McCrillis, C, Cav. Died at Andersonville. 

Geo. W. Nownes, C, Cav. Died Andersonv'e. 

Cyrus Farnsworth, H, 4 Regt. 

Horace Burnham, C, Cav. 

Charles M. Wing, B, Cav. Leg broken. 

Norman W. Johnson, F, 2 Regt. Ball thro, 
body and wrist, lived. 

John O. Morse, I, 9. Died. 

James H. Carpenter, H, 11. 

John Graves, Jr. H, 1 1. Died at Andersonville. 

Solon H. Preston, H, 11. 

William W. Willey, H, 11. 

Walter H. Morris, G. 3. Wounded. 

Charles H. Newton, G, 4. Wn'ded with shell. 

James Aylward, E, 17. Died. 

John H. Amidon, I, 11. 

Charles T. Clark, E, 17. Died. 

James Clark, C, 17. Died. 

William G. French, E, 17. Died. 

Clark J. Foster, E, 17. Badly wn'ded in leg. 

Benj. F. Huntington, E, 17. 

Daniel Hogan, E, 17. 

Wm. E. Martin, E, 17. ist Lieut.; killed be- 
fore Petersburg. 

Harvey L. Batchelder, C, 13. 

Martin L. Chandler, " " 

Eli S. Pitkin, C, 13. 

Charles A. Davis, C, 13. 

Hudson J. Kibbee, " " 

Sereno W. Gould, " " 

Charles E. Shephard, C, 13. 

Albert Sargeant, C, 13. 

Willard M. Austin, C, 13. 

Orson Woodcock, " " 

Rufus H. Farr, C, 13. 

Benjamin B. Buzzell, C, 13. 

David Huntington, " " 

Joseph Simmons, C, 13. 

Lucius D. Nute, " " 

In 1863 a draft was ordered ; 34 men 
were drafted, but only one, Cottrill Clif- 
ford, went into the service ; 22 paid their 
commutation money. Clifford served his 
time, was discharged, and accidentally 
killed on his way home. I do not find his 
name in our list of soldiers ; probably he 
was put in to fill up some regiment sep- 
arately from our other men. 

There went out 98 from us, 28 of whom 
never returned. A few were brought back 
to be buried, but most of our dead sleep on 
Southern soil. In the vigor of young 
manhood they went, one and another, 
who were household treasures. 

"The loved of all, yet none 

O'er their low bed may weep." 

Perhaps the last news of them was, " seen 
on the battle-field," or " taken prisoner," 



2l8 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



and then long months elapsed ere one 
word could be heard to stay the anguish of 
suspense. At last came the fearful, "Died 
at Andersonville." 

MONTPELIER & WELLS RIVER RAILROAD. 

When the history of Marshfield was 
written eleven years ago, we had no rail- 
road. About this time a charter was 
granted for the Montpelier & Wells River 
road, which passes through our town about 
a mile from the village. The town bonded 
itself in the sum of $17,500, and private 
subscriptions made up the sum of $30,000. 
All is paid but about half the bonds. 

The first train of cars went through here 
Nov. 29, 1873. Of course the rejoicing 
was great. 

A year or two later we were connected 
with the rest of the world by telegraph. 
The advantage to the public is not easily 
estimated. The railroad is doing good 
business. L. D. Nute is station agent and 
telegraph operator. A private telegraph 
is owned and run by George A. Putnam 
and L. D. Nute, from the depbt to Put- 
nam's store, where the post-office is lo- 
cated. Mr. and Mrs. Putnam are telegraph 
operators. 

THE THANKS OF THE WRITER 

are due to James Pitkin, Andrew English 
and E. S. Pitkin, Esqs., and others, for 
the assistance rendered her in this work ; 
also to Miss Anna Pitkin, of Montpelier, 
for the loan of her father's journal. 



[We have known our excellent historian- 
ess of Marshfield more than 20 years. 
Mrs. Pitkin was a favorite contributor in 
our "Poets and Poetry of Vermont," 
(1858,) in which see from her pen, " The 
Young Emigrant," " The Fugitive Slave," 
pages 333, 334. So well has Mrs. Pitkin 
written for us, and for the Montpelier 
papers in the past, Z/ofPs Herald and other 
papers, we cannot forbear, not solicited by 
her, but of our own good will, to place a 
little group selected from her poems at the 
foot of her history here — Ed.] 



A THOUGHT. 

BY MES. HANNAH C. PITKIN. 

For tliee, busy man, in a forest lone 
A shoot liatli started, a tree liatli grown. 
Tlie axe-nian, percliance, may liave laid it low 
For thy narrow house— it is ready now. 
All ready— but mortal, art thou, art thou? 

Maiden, thy dream of affection so warm, 
Trust not. The shroud to envelop thy form 
Is woven, is coming, by wind or wave; 
'Tis thine, by a stamp which no mortal gave, 
Thou canst not turn from the path to the grave. 

Art thou tolling for wealth, the weary day. 
Or tliirsting for fame— there's a pillow of clay 
On a lowly bed, 'tis waithig thee there. 
The mould and the worm tliy pillow will share; 
Spirit, Oh, wliere is thy refuge — Oh, where ? 

TO THE itinerant's WIFE. 

BY MBS. H. C. PITKIN. 

Out on the ocean, dark and wild 

A little bark was driven. 
One kindly star looked out and smiled 

A precious boon from heaven ; 
It warned of threatening near. 
Just, just in time the rocks to clear. 

1 stood upon a point of land 

Where ocean billows came, 
A beauteous wave just kissed the strand. 

Then seaweed swept again. 
'Twas gone, to come again no more, 
But left a gem upon the shore. 

A wanderer lone mid desert's waste, 

Beneatli a burning sky. 
Sank down at last despairingly. 

He felt that he must die. 
My Island Home, so dear to me, 
I never, never more may seel 

Oh God : he cried. A tiny flower 

Just caught his closing eye, 
And in its winsome loveliness. 

It seemed to whisper " try." 
God lives, take heart, so o'er the main 
He found his Island Home agajn. 

So sister, like the star be thine 

To bless the tempest driven. 
And point to poor despairing ones 

The narrow way to Heaven. 
And in the wanderer's darkest hour. 
Sweetly to win him like the flower. 

In blessing be thou ever blest, 

Cheer age, and counsel youth. 
And ever where thy pathway lies, 

Scatter the gems of truth. 
And hear, when Death is lost in Life 
Blessings on the Itinerant's Wife. 

from an historical account of 
marshfield. 

CONTRIBUTED BY REV. GEO. E. FORBES IN 1879. 

[After the Legislature of Vermont had 
approbated and passed the General Res- 
olutions of 1878, to assist in finishing this 
work, the MS. history of Mrs. Pitkin, fur- 
nished to us for the work in i86q, havingf 



MARSHFIELD. 



219 



been sent to the Claremont Manufacuring 
Company of New Hampshire, and by them 
withheld four years, with the other Wash- 
ington County papers sent, under their 
proposition to immediately print. We 
wrote to Mrs. Pitkin for a duplicate of her 
history. Unable, from the infirmities of 
her age and feebleness, from fully under- 
taking to so do, she engaged the assist- 
ance of Rev. Mr. Forbes, who gave us a 
very reliable and pleasant paper of about 
half the length of Mrs. Pitkin's paper, with 
which we were pleased and should have 
published, had we not fortunately mean- 
time recovered Mrs. Pitkin's papers, which 
as they are the fullest record, as she was 
first invited to write, and is so eminently 
a Washington County woman, daughter 
of old Gen. Parley Davis, of Montpelier, 
and a long-time honored and beloved res- 
ident of Marshfield, we are assured no 
other writer could be so acceptable to 
Marshfield, and none other to the County, 
and so have given the papers of Mrs. Pit- 
kin in full, nearly ; and will here but ap- 
pend a few extracts from the paper by Mr. 
Forbes, containing information or points 
in it not in Mrs. Pitkin's paper; while we 
feel to express under the circumstances 
more thanks to Mr. Forbes than if able to 
give his paper more fully — Ed.] 

Marshfield is situated in the eastern part 
of the County, and lies on both sides ot 
the Winooski river, which flows through it 
from north to south. The soil is a mix- 
ture of clay and loam ; the surface broken 
and hilly, is divided into productive farms. 
The river valley, and that part of the town 
lying west of it, contains the best tillage 
land, which has very largely been brought 
under cultivation. The eastern part, more 
rocky, is used principally for pasturage ; 
although in the eastern part in some sec- 
tions there are some good farms. 

The original forests were heavy timbered 
with maple, beech, birch, spruce and hem- 
lock, and some elm, fir, cedar and pine. 
In the eastern part there yet remains a 
considerable growth of spruce and hem- 
lock, but it is rapidly being cut off for lum- 
ber. Sugar-maples are to be found in all 
parts of the town, producing quite as 
abundantly of sugar as in any other part of 
New England. 

Besides the Winooski river privileges 
there are two or three streams which fur- 
nish good water-power the larger part of 



the year. It has not been utilized to any 
large extent, however, hence the town is 
not noted for its manufacturing interests. 
Molly's Falls, on Molly's brook, about a 
mile from the village, in a distance of 30 
rods the water falls between 200 and 300 
feet in a series of beautiful cascades. 
During high water the roar of these falls 
can be heard for several miles. A good 
view of these falls can be obtained from 
the road leading to Cabot. There is also 
a very pretty cascade on Nigger-head 
brook, about a third of a mile south of the 
village, where it is crossed by the road 
leading to the depot. The town has only 
one village, which is situated on the 
Winooski river, about a mile from the 
Cabot line. The Montpelier & Wells 
River R. R. crosses the town, running 
nearly parallel with the river from Plain- 
field until within a mile of the village, 
when it makes almost a right angle to the 
east, passing Nigger-head pond, and thread- 
ing its way through a notch in the moun- 
tains to the Connecticut river. The Marsh- 
field station on this road is one mile from 
the village, and 15 miles from Montpelier. 

It is not known what white men first 
visited the town's location. This town- 
ship was purchased of the Stockbridge 
Indians, (see Mrs. Pitkin's paper,) but it 
is not certain whether these Indians ever 
occupied this territory. At the time of the 
purchase by Mr. Marsh, they were resi- 
dents of New Stockbridge, Montgomery 
Co., N. Y. 

When the first settlers picked their 
dwelling-places, Mr. Pitkin settled upon 
the river near the place where Bowman P. 
Martin now resides ; Messrs. Dodge and 
Spencer settled further south and west on 
the higher land. Here was the birth-place 
of the first child born in town, a son to 
Mr. and Mrs. Ebenezer Dodge, Sept. 17, 
1794, the place of his birth about a mile 
north of Plainfield village ; the place is 
still owned by descendants of the Dodge 
family. 

The first " burying-ground " was pur- 
chased by, and for the use of the town. 
The first interment therein that has a stone 
to mark the spot was the infant twin sons 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



of Joshua and Ruth Pitkin, died January 
9, 1800. Stephen Pitkin, Jr., donated the 
land for the village cemetery, and the first 
interment in it was liis adopted daughter, 
Eunice Sweeny. 

There have been five church organiza- 
tions in town. At present there are but 
three, as the Christian, and Calvinistic 
Baptist have become extinct. There have 
been 1 1 school districts in town. The pres- 
ent number is 10, each of which has a 
school of from 20 to 30 weeks per year. 
The school ir} village district has two de- 
partments, but employs two teachers only 
during the winter term, as a rule. The 
town has no academy, but competent 
teachers hold select schools at frequent 
intervals, affording educational facilities 
for those wishing to remain in towji. And 
the seminaries at Montpelier and Barre, as 
well as academies in the vicinity, have 
drawn a considerable number of students 
from this town. There are but two per- 
sons, however, from this town who have 
received a full collegiate education. Rev. 
Marcus M. Carleton, missionary in India, 
and Prof. Curtis C. Gove, Principal of 
High School at Westport, N. Y. 

The principal business of the town has 
been, and still is, farming. At present 
there is but little manufacturing being done. 
There is i boot-shop for making men's thick 
boots and overshoes, 2 harness-shops, i 
tin-shop, I photograph saloon, 2 cooper- 
shops, where are manufactured butter and 
sugar- tubs, and sap-buckets. Six saw- 
mills, one clap-board and three shingle 
mills. Two of the saw-mills are run by 
steam ; the rest by water-power ; one 
cheese-factory, and i starch factory. There 
is I blacksmith shop, 2 wheelwright shops, 
and 3 carpenter-shops. There is a hotel, 
and a patent medicine laboratory. There 
are 3 stores, and 3 churches. The town 
cannot boast of a lawyer. It has 3 doctors, 
Asa Phelps and George^ M. Town, allo- 
pathic ; J. Q. A. Packer, homoeopathic. 

The town representatives from 1870 to 
1879 have been: Moody Bemis, George 
A. Putnam, L. W. Pitkin, D. M. Perkins. 

The population in 1840, was 1,156; in 
1850, 1,102; in i860, 1,160; in 1870, 



1,072. The decrease which the census of 
1870 shows, is doubtless owing to the 
abandonment of some of the smaller and 
most unproductive farms, and the Western 
emigration of many of the younger men. 

LEWIS BEMIS. 

There are a few pensioners of the war of 
1812 yet living. One of the ''soldiers of 
this war, Lewis Bemis, enlisted at Barnet 
in 1808. His son, Daniel H. Bemis, of 
Lancaster, Mass., writes of him : "He 
enlisted at Barnet in 1808, and served 5 
years in the 4th Reg't. of Regular U. S. 
Infantry. He was with Harrison in his 
march through the wilds of Ohio in pur- 
suit of the Indians, and was in the battle 
of Tippecanoe, when over half of the men 
in his company were killed or wounded. 
The man on either side was killed, and he 
was slightly wounded in the face by a rifle 
ball. He was in 11 battles and 13 skir- 
mishes with the Indians. He used to re- 
late to his children the story of the sol- 
diers' sufferings while on their march to 
join Hull, and through Ohio ; how their 
thirst was so intense, that when they 
reached Lake Erie, in spite of their offi- 
cers, large numbers threw themselves on 
the beach, and drank until they died from 
the effects of it. He was under Hull when 
he surrendered at Maiden, near Detroit, 
and was a prisoner 26 weeks, during which 
time he suffered greatly, both for want of 
water and decent food. Their bread, he 
used to say, bore the mark on the package 
in which it was enclosed, 1804. He was 
paroled, and went from Halifax to Boston, 
where he arrived a few days before the 
term of his enlistment expired. He soon 
after enlisted again in a Company of Light 
Artillery, with which he went up and joined 
Gen. Macomb's army the day before the 
battle of Plattsburg. A part of the bat- 
tery was stationed at the bridge-head at 
Plattsburg, and the remainder sent to Bur- 
lington, to prevent the British from land- 
ing and destroying that place. He was 
with that portion of the battery sent to 
Burlington, and so did not have any active 
part in tlie battle ; but assisted in burying 
the dead. He was one of the party who 



MARSIIFIKLD. 



buried the British dead after the engage- 
ment. He was discharged after peace 
was ratified, having served in all about 6 
years and 6 months ; 5 years under the 
first enhstment in the 4th Infantry, and 18 
months in the Light I5attery. He died in 
1855, at Clinton, Mass., where he is l)uried, 
aged 7^:' 

IRA SMITH. 
BY nP.V. GEOllGE E. FORBES. 

He was the son of Joshua and Keturah 
Smith; was born in Woodstock, Conn., 
Jan. 22, 1800. At 1 1 years, he came with 
his parents to Marshfield. They moved 
on to the farm now owned and occupied 
by J. E. Eddy. During his minority, Ira 
worked on the farm summers and attended 
.school winters until he was 18. The school- 
liouse then stood near the present resi- 
dence of Webster Haskins. Soon after 
there was a school-house erected where 
the village now stands, in which he taught 
the first school. He was paid in grain, to 
the value of $12 per month, boarding him- 
self. In 1821, he purchased 300 acres of 
wild land lying around the present site of 
the Marshfield depot, which he cleared, 
and cultivated 15 acres, .spending apart of 
his time there, and the balance in working 
out, until he was 29, when, Jan. 4, 1829, 
he was married to Hannah Jacobs, and 
they settled at first on his cleared land, 
but a short time after, as he purchased, and 
they removed to, the home of his parents, 
where they lived 11 years. For about 4 
years after selling the home farm, he 
rented different places, but in 1844, pur- 
chased a farm on which the remainder of 
his life was spent. He died Sept. 18, 1880, 
leaving a widow, one son, Orrin, who lives 
on the homestead, and two daughters, now 
Mrs. Levi Benton, of Marshfield, and Mrs. 
C. H. Newton, of Montpelier. One son 
died in the army, and a daughter married 
E. B. Dwinell, but died a few years after, 
and 4 children died quite young. Mr. 
Smith held many of the town offices, being 
regarded by the citizens as a man of worth 
and integrity. He represented the town 
in the Legislature during 1844-5. I" pol- 
itics he was a Democrat, and never failed 
by his vote to express his faith in the doc- 



trines of his party. His last public act 
was to rise from the sick bed to which he 
had been confined for several days, and go 
to the polls to deposit his ballot for the 
several State officers. He believed in the 
vital principles of religion, but in accord- 
ance with the general character of the 
man, his faith found expression in deeds 
rather than in word. In religious sym- 
pathy he was a Universalist, and gave his 
influence and means to promote the inter- 
ests of that society in town. His morals 
were always above reproach. He was 
temperate in deed and in word ; drank no 
intoxicating liquors, no tea or coffee, and 
never used tobacco in any form ; was fru- 
gal and industrious, and consequently was 
enabled to acquire a good property, while 
generously responding to many calls for 
the promotion of educational and benev- 
olent enterprises. 

He possessed an indomitable will and 
wonderful endurance from the time that he 
hired out as a laborer, at 9 years of age, 
until he abandoned active toil, a short 
time before his death. He met all duties 
with a manly spirit, and evinced his willing- 
ness to obey the primal law of life — labor. 
He had a remarkably strong constitution, 
and when his "golden wedding" was cel- 
ebrated in 1879, he seemed nearly as hale 
and hearty as a man of 60 years, though 
even then there were premonitory symp- 
toms of the disease which caused his death. 
For nearly 2 years he suffered from a 
cancer on the lower lip, and during the 
latter half of this time, especially, did he 
endure extreme pain and inconvenience in 
taking food. But under all these trials he 
exhibited great fortitude, and died re- 
signed to his Maker's will. His funeral 
was attended by a large concourse of cit- 
izens besides the numerous relatives, thus 
testifying of the esteem in which he was 
held by the entire community. The fun- 
eral services were brief; no formal eulogy 
was pronounced ; his life had preached its 
sermon, and with a few words of comfort 
to the bereaved ones, the last sad rites 
were ended, and the body of this worthy 
man was borne to its final resting-place. 
His age was 81 years. "Though dead, he 



222 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



yet speaketh," in his good, solid, practical 
life. 

UNIVERSALIST CHURCH. 

CONTINUED. 

The Rev. Geo. E. Forbes continued as 
pastor until May, 1880. For i year suc- 
ceeding this date the church had only oc- 
casional preaching services, and during 
this time its numbers were diminished by 
the death of two members. In May, 1881, 
the Rev. Eli Ballou, D. D., was engaged 
as pastor for one-half the time. This en- 
gagement continues at present, (Aug. 18, 
1881.) 

MARSHFIELD VOTED FOR THE GAZETTEER 

at the town-meeting held March 4, 1879, 
to send a subscription to. Miss Hemenway 
for the whole work, attested by E. L. 
Smith, town clerk. 



MIDDLESEX. 

BY STEPHEN HERRICK, ESQ. 

The town of Middlesex was chartered 
June 8, 1763, by Benning Wentworth, 
Esq., then Governor of the Province of 
New Hampshire, to the following grantees : 
Jacob Rescaw, Benjamin Crane, 3d, Seth 
Trow, Richard Johnson, Lawrence Eg- 
bert, Jr., James Campbell, David Ogden, 
Matthias Ross, Jonathan Skinner, Jehial 
Ross, Ebenezer Canfield, Daniel Ogden, 
Jonathan Dayton, Jr., Lawrence Egbert, 
Samuel Crowell, William Bruce, Robert 
Earl, Patridge Thacher, Joshua Horton, 
Job Wood, George Ross, Cornelius Lud- 
low, Nathaniel Barrett, Esq., Jeremiah 
Mulbard, John Roll, Jr., Joseph New- 
march, Nathaniel Little, Henry Earl, 
Richard Jennee, Esq., Gilbert Ogden, John 
Little, George Frost, Daniel Ball, Samuel 
Little, 3d, David Morehouse, Jr., Thomas 
Woodruff, John Force, Joseph Raggs, Jr., 
Capt. Isaac Woodruff, Daniel P. Eunice, 
Jacob Brookfield, Jonathan Dayton, 3d, 
Isaac Winors, Samuel Meeker, Jr., David 
Loomeris, John Cory. Jr., Alexknder Car- 
miea, David Bonnel, James Seward, Ste- 
phen Potter, Nathaniel Potter, Stephen 
Wilcocks, Thomas Dean, Jonas Ball, Amos 
Day, John David Lamb, William Lamb, 
William Brand, James Colie, Jr., William 
Hand, Robert French, Samuel Crowell, 
Jonathan Woodruff, Ezekiel Ball, Aaron 
Barnett. 

THOMAS MEAD AND THE FIRST SETTLERS. 

The first settler in this town 20 years 
subsequent to the above date made his first 



settlement here. Having succeeded in 
finding one of the best lots of land in 
Washington County, on the Onion River, 
5 miles from Montpelier village, here Mr. 
Thomas Mead made his excellent location. 
The second settler, Jonah Harrington, 
chose his location about 2^ miles from 
Montpelier on a superior lot of land. 
Seth Putnam came soon after with three 
brothers, Ebenezer, Jacob and Isaac, who 
were soon followed by Ephraim Willey, 
Ebenezer Woodbury, Ira Hawks, Solomon 
Lewis, Samuel Mann, Isaac Bidwell, Henry 
Perkins, Daniel Harrington, Samuel Mon- 
tague, Nathaniel Carpenter, Daniel Smith, 
Hubbard Willey, Asa Harrington, Joseph 
Chapin, William Holden, Lovewell War- 
ren, Jesse Johnson, Joseph Hubbard, 
David Harrington, Jonathan Fisher, Isaac 
Bidwell, Oliver Atherton, Robert McEIroy, 
Nathan Huntley. 

organization of the town. 
Copy of a record in the town clerk's of- 
fice in Middlesex : 
To SetJi Putnajii, Esq.: — 

Sir — We, the Inhabitants of the town 
of Middlesex, petition your honor to grant 
a Warrant for the purpose of calling a 
town-meeting in .said town of Middlesex 
on Monday, the 29 of March instant, at 
ten of the clock in the morning, for the 
purpose of Organization of said Town. 
Edmond Holden, 
Levi Putnam, 
Samuel Harris, 
Isaac Putnam. 
Chittenden, March 15th, 1790. 

In pursuance ofthe foregoing Petition, By 
the authority of the state of Vermont, you 
are hereby directed to warn all the free- 
Holders and other inhabitants of the town 
of Middlesex to meet at the dwelling-house 
of Seth Putnam, Esq., in said Middlesex, 
on Monday, the 29th day of March Instant, 
at ten of the clock in the morning. Firstly 
to choose a moderator to govern said 
meeting. 

2dly, tq choose a town Clerk, Select- 
men, Town treasurer, and all other Town 
ofiicers according to Law, and of your do- 
ings herein make due return according to 
Law. 

Given under my hand at said Middlesex, 
this 15th day of March, A. D., 1790. 

To Levi Putnam, freeholder of the Town 
of Middlesex. Seth Putnam, 

Justice of the Peace. 



MIDDLESEX. 



223 



Served the within Warrant by notifying 
the inhabitants by setting up a true copy 
at my dwelHng house in Middlesex. 

March i6th, 1790. 

Levi Putnam, Freeholder. 

Mar. 29, 1790, According to within war- 
rant being met, made choice of Levi Put- 
nam, Modera'r ; Seth Putnam, Town Clerk ; 
Thomas Mead, Levi Putnam and Seth 
Putnam, selectmen ; Edmond Holden, con- 
stable and collector of taxes ; Lovewell 
Warren, Town Treasurer ; Jonas Harring- 
ton, Surveyor. Attest, 

Seth Putnam, T. C. 

Recorded May 7th, 1790. 

I find by the records in the town clerk's 
office that the honorable Seth Putnam was 
chosen to represent the town of Middlesex 
on the first day of September, 1807, and 
that the number of votes cast for repre- 
sentative was 30. The general reader will 
at first think it strange, to say the least, 
that the town had no representative till 1 7 
years after its organization ; but may re- 
member Vermont was not admitted into 
the Union until Feb. 1791. 

Samuel Mann, one of the first settlers 
of the town, bought two lots of land 3 
miles N. E. of Middlesex village. I bought 
the same lots Oct. 19, 1820, at which time 
I commenced an acquaintance with the in- 
habitants of Middlesex. I came into the 
town with my family Mar. 16, 1821. The 
venerable Thomas Mead was then very 
far advanced in years, and had a great 
number of children and grand-children. 
His son Thomas, and grand-son Thomas, 
lived in his house, and also Jacob Morris, 
who married his daughter, making in all 
four families. Mr. Thomas Mead was a 
church-going man and was much respected. 
There was no meeting-house in town until 
several years after I came, except a small 
house of one story, which was built by a 
very upright and benevolent man, 

SAMUEL HASKINS, 

who built it at his own expense to present 
to the Methodist church, which was then 
in a prosperous state here. He owned a 
saw-mill and grist-mill, and an oil-mill. 
While he was grinding large cakes of oil- 
meal, one of the stones, 6 feet or more in 
diameter, broke away from the axle-tree or 
shaft, and threw him backward against the 



oil-trough, and broke both of his legs. 
The stone which remained attached to the 
axle-tree rolled around swiftly against the 
other, crushing them nearly off, until the 
sufferer was released by a neighbor, who 
took away the stone and conveyed him to 
his house. Two physicians were soon in 
attendance ; both limbs were taken off, but 
the good man's sufferings soon ceased, 
and he passed away calmly. I was stand- 
ing by to behold the solemn sight, and 
could truly say : 

"How still and peaceful is tlie grave 
Wlien life's vain tumult all is passed; 

Tlie appointed liouse by Heaven's decree 
Receives us all at last." 

After the death of this generous man, 
the house was changed from a meeting- 
house to a dwelling-house, and thus re- 
mains. It stands near the S. E. corner of 
the town cemetery, owned and occupied 
by a grand-daughter of the deceased and 
her husband. 

LOVEWELL warren, 

one of the first settlers, was town treasurer 
in 1790. He was much esteemed by his 
neighbors. Leander Warren, a son of 
Lovewell, represented the town several 
times, and was much esteemed by his 
townsmen. Rufus Warren, a son of Le- 
ander, has also represented the town. 

HON. SETH PUTNAM 

had 3 sons. Holden, the oldest, repre- 
sented the town several times. Roswell, 
the second, was an estimable citizen, much 
esteemed, and the reverend George Put- 
nam was a minister of the Gospel, much 
esteemed. Hon. Seth Putnam made the 
town a present by deeding to the town a 
small lot of land for a cemetery, where his 
remains and the remains of a part of his 
family are buried. Their graves are en- 
closed by an iron fence. Almost all the 
first settlers of Middlesex were living here 
when I came. I think the number of men 
was about 210 who were heads of families, 
and they have all passed away from earth. 

WILLIAM HOLDEN, 

one of the first settlers, bought a lot of 
land about i^ miles from the village, the 



224 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



farm now owned by William B. McEIroy. 
Mr. Holden had 5 sons, Horace, William, 
Xetxes, Moses and Philander. Horace 
Holden, chosen town clerk in March, 1820, 
held the office 32 years. At the end of 32 
years, his son, William H. Holden, was 
chosen, and held the office 19 years. C. 
B. Holden, a son of Horace, held the office 
from March, 1873, to the time of his death, 
July 25, 1878, and. James H. Holden ap- 
pointed July 27, 1878, by the selectmen; 
held the office until September 3, 1878. 
Horace, William, Xerxes, Moses and C. 
li. Holden represented the town several 
times each, and have all passed away, and 
William H. Holden has also passed away. 

JOSEPH CHAPIN 

was born Oct. 28, 1758. His son, Joseph 
Chapin, Jr., was born June 25, in Weathers- 
field, Vt., in 1792. Joseph Chapin, Sr., 
settled in Middlesex when the town was 
quite new ; his .son, Joseph Chapin, Jr., 
was a farmer, and by industry and good 
economy, acquired a very handsome prop- 
erty for his children, and left a good name. 
His wife passed away many years before 
his departure. She was sister to Horace 
Holden. Joseph Chapin, Sr., lived to the 
age of 96 years, and was esteemed by all 
who knew him. 

Joseph Chajjin, Jr., had 2 sons. Hink- 
ley, the oldest, was killed instantly. He 
was a brakeman on the cars, and received 
the fatal blow when passing through or 
under a bridge. William Chapin, his son, 
still survives and has held many important 
offices in town. 

The Chapin family own lots in our beau- 
tiful cemetery, and the remains of their 
loved ones are deposited there. One of 
Joseph Chapin, Jr's., daughters, with her 
husband, Otis Leland, are living in sight 
of our beautiful cemetery, where they often 
visit the graves of their departed friends — 
their son, their parents and grand-parents, 
and brother who was killed on the cars. 

JEREMIAH LELAND, 

one of the first settlers, removed from 
Charlestown, N. H. He died soon after 
I came to Middlesex, respected by all who 
knew him ; left 3 sons, Rufus, James and 



Jeremiah, all of whom have long since 
passed away, esteemed by all, and their 
remains are deposited in our cemetery, 
with the remains of all their partners in 
life. James, son of Jeremiah, was never 
married. Jeremiah, Jr., has left4 sons, all 
now living, two of whom have rejDresented 
the town, and Rufus has left two sons, 
who are now living, worthy men, much 
esteemed. 

EBENEZER PUTNAM, 

a brother of Col. Seth Putnam, was a man 
about 50 years of age when I came to live 
in Middlesex, in 1821. He was a very 
pleasant, social man, and worked with me 
to score timber for a barn. His son, Rus- 
sel, hewed the timber. Soon after, Russel 
was taken sick. I visited him several 
times. His sufferings were very great be- 
fore he passed away. He left several 
daughters and one son, whose name was 
Holden, who was a sheriff of good repute, 
and enlisted in the last war, and lost his 
life in the defence of his country. 

JACOB PUTNAM, 

another brother of Col. Seth Putnam, set- 
tled on a branch of Onion river in Middle- 
sex, about 5 miles above Montpelier vil- 
lage. I became acquainted with him soon 
after I came to the town. He was a man 
of good understanding. I was associated 
with him and Nathaniel Carpenter in mak- 
ing an appraisal of all the real estate in 
Middlesex soon after I came. He died 
many years since. His son, C. C. Put- 
nam, and C. C. Putnam, Jr., are persever- 
ing men and good citizens. 

Isaac Putnam, another brother of Seth 
Putnam, lived in Montpelier, and passed 
away to the spirit life, leaving a good name 
and a respectable posterity. 

NATHANIEL CARPENTER 

was one of the first settlers ; voted for town 
representative in September, 1807; was 
town clerk in all 9 years, and a justice of 
the peace, I think, 30 years, or more. He 
died in the winter of 1837. In 182 1, when 
I came to live here, he lived one mile from 
our village and 5 miles from Montpelier 
village. He had 4 sons by a second mar- 



MIDDLESEX. 



225 



riage ; two or more by a previous marriage ; 
his four last sons were, N. M. Carpenter, 
Don P. Carpenter, and Heman and Al- 
bert. Don P. Carpenter has been one 
of the side judges of Washington Coun- 
ty Court, and Heman, judge of Wash- 
ington County Probate Court, and N. M. 
Carpenter is a respectable and successful 
farmer. I know less of Albert, as he set- 
tled in a distant state. 

CAPT. ROBERT MCELROY, 

one of the first settlers, lived 2 miles from 
Middlesex village. His family were an 
aged mother, who emigrated from Scotland, 
his wife, 4 sons and 3 daughters. Ira, the 
oldest son, died single; Harry, the second 
son, had 3 sons, Clesson R. and H. L. Mc- 
Elroy, and Wm. B. McElroy. Lewis had 
2 sons and Jeremiah 2 sons, in all, 7 
grandsjons. Capt. Robert McElroy and 
wife, mother and 4 sons, have passed 
away. Harry McElroy's third son, Wm. 
B. McElroy, was chosen town clerk, Sept. 
3, 1878. 

It will be observed by this that Capt. 
Robert McElroy has left a good record. 
In addition to the above I think it is my 
duty to state that Harry McElroy's eldest 
son, Clesson R. McElroy, was a lieutenant 
in the army and a valiant officer, held in 
high esteem by both officers and soldiers, 
and Harry McElroy's second son, H. L. 
McElroy, has been superintendent of com- 
mon schools in Middlesex for several years, 
and as such highly esteemed. 

JESSE JOHNSON 

was one of the first settlers, and voted for 
representative in 1807. He was far ad- 
vanced in life in 1820. His son, Jesse 
Johnson, Jr., was a man in the prime of 
life, and lived about 50 years after 1820, 
and was for many years associated with 
Mo.ses Holden, his son-in-law, in trade. 
They were esteemed by all who knew 
them, were good economists, and accumu- 
lated a large property, and have passed 
away. They have left no son to perpetuate 
their names. 

EPHRAIM WILLEY 

was one of the first settlers, and had 2 
sons, Hubbard and Benjamin, who were in 

29 



the prime of life in 1820. They have all 
passed away ; but have left a great number 
of children and grand-children to perpet- 
uate their memory, all of whom are re- 
spectable citizens, even as their fathers 
and grandfathers before them were. 

RUFUS CHAMBERLIN, ESQ., 

one of the first settlers, was in 1821 a man 
far advanced in life, and had then living 5 
sons and 3 daughters. His oldest son, 
Clesson, died in Massachusetts. Oliver 
A. Chamberlin, the second son, and A. 
L. Chamberlin, the fourth, are still liv- 
ing. Rufus Chamberlin, Esq., and wife, 
2 daughters and 3 sons, have passed from 
this life, but not without leaving children 
and grandchildren to perpetuate their 
memory, though most of the grandchildren 
have passed away. I will name a few : 
Wm. H. Holden, C. B. Holden, Martha 
Holden ; children of Horace Holden and 
his wife, Mary Chamberlin, and Mary, also 
a daughter of Oliver A. Chamberlin. Our 
town clerk is a son of Harry McElroy and 
his wife, Mary Ann, dau. of Rufus Cham- 
berlin, both of whom have passed away. 

MERCHANTS AND STORES, 1879. 

We have three stores in Middlesex vil- 
lage, one owned and occupied by Benja- 
min Barrett and James H. Holden, one by 
J. O. Hobart, and one by N. King Her- 
rick, all doing a good business without 
danger of failing. Our merchants are as 
reliable as those of Montpelier, and I choose 
to patronize them. 

We have at this date, Jan. 1879, ^^ 
physician in town. Nearly all of the peo- 
ple of Middlesex employ the physicians 
who live in Montpelier village. 

MEETING-HOUSES AND CHURCHES. 

We have three meeting-houses, all good ; 
one good brick one in the village, near the 
passenger depot, one built of wood in the 
center of the town, and another of wood in 
the small village denominated Shady Rill. 
They are all kept well painted and in good 
repair. The one in Middlesex village is 
now occupied by the Methodists one-half 
of the time, and seldom at any other time, 
and it is about the same as to the house in 
the center of the town. The meeting- 



226 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



house in Shady Rill was built about 30 
years ago, by the Freewill Baptists, and it 
is occupied by those who built it, and their 
posterity. There was a Congregational 
church in this town when the brick meeting- 
house was built, but there is not now. I 
think it passed away about 1845. The 
Methodist church has about 36 members 
at this time. The Freewill Baptist church, 

1 think, is about the same as to numbers. 
The Methodist denomination own a 

good and well-finished parsonage house 
and out-buildings, all well arranged, near 
the brick meeting-house in Middlesex. 

MICAH HATCH 

was a soldier in the Revolutionary war, 
and was an early settler of Middlesex. 
He bought two or more good lots of land, 
4 miles north of Montpelier village. He 
had 2 sons, Micah and David ; David had 

2 sons, Zenas and Gardner. Zenas was 
drafted and lost his life in defence of his 
country. A daughter of Micah Hatch 
was the mother of the Hon. Zenas Upham, 
one of the side judges of Orange County 
Court in 1878. 

SOLOMON LEWIS 

was an early settler of Middlesex, and set- 
tled on the North branch of Onion river, 
6 miles north of Montpelier village. Wil- 
liam Lewis, a son of Solomon, owned and 
occupied the farm for many years, and said 
farm is now owned by Lathrop Lewis, a 
son of the late William Lewis. I could 
say much in commendation of Mr. Sol- 
omon Lewis and his son William, and of 
his grandson, Lathrop, all of whom have 
been good citizens. 

EZRA CUSHMAN 

was one of the early settlers, a respectable 
merchant, and associated as such with 
Theophilus Cushman, his nephew, in trade 
in Middlesex village in the early settlement 
of the town, was a man in whom the people 
all had the utmost confidence. He mar- 
ried a daughter of Hon. Seth Putnam. 
Their son, the Rev. Lewis Cushman, a 
Methodist minister much esteemed, has 
been engaged in the ministry more than 30 
years, previous to 1879. 



CAPT. ZERAH HILLS 

was one of the early settlers of this town. 
He had 3 sons, Lorenzo, Justin and Zerah. 
Zerah built the house above described, 
and had it very nearly completed when the 
Rebel war commenced, and he enlisted in 
defence of our country, and died in its de- 
fence June 25, 1863, lamented by all who 
knew him. 

COL. HUTCHINS 

was one of the early settlers of Middlesex. 
He had two sons, Timothy and Solomon. 
Solomon married a sister of ex-Governor 
Paul Dillingham. Solomon Hutchinskept 
a public house in Middlesex village when 
the town was quite new. I think the 
house was the first public house kept in 
Middlesex. Solomon Hutchins and his 
immediate family have long since passed 
away, but leaving a respectable posterity 
of children, grandchildren and great 
grandchildren. 
March, 1879. 

MIDDLESEX CONCLUDED. 

BY VOLNEY V. VAUGHN, ESQ. 

The township, situated on the north 
side of the Winooski river, 30 miles from 
the mouth of the river at Burlington, lat. 
44°, 20', long. 4°, 2', is bounded N. by 
Worcester, E. by East Montpelier and 
Montpelier, S. by Berlin and Moretown, 
from which it is separated by the Winooski, 
and W. by Waterbury. 

The N. H. charter, by Wentworth, was 
granted " by command of His Excellency, 
King George III., in the third year of his 
reign," and provides : 

The township of Middlesex, lying on 
the east side of French or Onion river, so 
called, shall be six miles square and no 
more, containing 23,040 acres. 

The first meeting for the choice of town 
officers shall be held on the 26th day of 
July next, to be notified and presided over 
by Capt. Isaac Woodruff", and that the an- 
nual meeting forever hereafter for the 
choice of officers for said town shall be on 
the second Tuesday of March, annnally. 

The town was to be divided into 71 
equal shares ; each one of the 65 propri- 
etors to whom it was granted to hold one 
share, and 6 shares as usual in the N. H. 
charters for the Governor's right, the ben- 



MIDDLESEX. 



227 



efit of the Gospel and schools. The Gov- 
ernor's land was a tract of 500 acres in the 
S. W. corner of the town. 

The council of New York established 
the county of Gloucester in 1770, which 
included this town, arid the first record of 
a proprietors' meeting found in our town 
records commences : 

A meeting of the proprietors of the 
Township of Middlesex, on Onion River, 
in the Province of New York, holden at 
the dwellLng-house of Samuel Canfield, 
Esq., in New Milford, Conn., on Tuesday, 
ye tenth day of May, 1770. 

At this meeting Partridge Thatcher, of 
New Milford, was chosen moderator, and 
SanTuel Averill, of Kent, clerk. 

It was voted to "lay out said township 
and lot one division of 100 acres to each 
right," and Samuel Averill was chosen 
agent to agree with a surveyor and chain- 
bearers to do the business. It was voted 
to lay a tax of $3 per right, to pay the ex- 
pense of surveying, and Partridge Thatcher 
and Samuel Averill laid out the ist division 
as above voted. 

The proprietors held a meeting at Kent, 
Apr. 13, 1773, Samuel Averill, Jr., clerk. 
Voted $2.50 per right instead of the $3.00 
voted before to pay the expense of the 
surveys. 

Oct. 14, 1774, Samuel Averill, Jr., col- 
lector, sold 8 lots of land at public auc- 
tion, to satisfy unpaid taxes voted as above. 
Partridge Thatcher and Samuel Averill, 
Jr., bid off 4 lots each, at ^i 2s., N. Y. 
money, per lot. 

The first deed of Middlesex lands re- 
corded is from Samuel Averill, Jr., to 
Samuel Averill of 5 full rights, dated Kent, 
Litchfield Co., Dec. 30, 1774, and ac- 
knowledged before Wm. Cogswell, justice 
of the peace. 

The first proprietors' meeting held in 
Vermont was at Sunderland, Oct. 13, 1783, 
Isaac Hitchcock, proprietors' clerk, and the 
2d and 3d division of lands were made, and 
surveys recorded Feb. 9, 1786. 

The first proprietors' meeting held in 
Middlesex was at the house of Lovell War- 
ren, Aug. 14, 1787. Choice was made of 
Seth Putnam, proprietors' clerk, and ad- 
journed until Nov. 5, same year, and at 



this adjourned meeting it was claimed that 
all former surveys or pretended surveys 
had been made inaccurately, that some of 
the lots had been laid out within the limits 
of Montpelicr, that proprietors could not 
find their lots, etc., and it was " Resolved 
to hold null and void all former surveys or 
pretended surveys." 

It was voted to lay out the ist, 2d and 
4th divisions in 69 lots each, of 104 acres 
in a lot, the 4 acres beingallowed for high- 
ways. Where the village now stands, 30 
acres were reserved for a mill privilege, 
and 104 acres of the pine lands just east- 
erly of the mill site for the first mill- 
builder, if he built a mill within i2months. 
This reservation was the 3d, called the 
white-pine division, which was laid out in 
about i-acre lots, and divided among the 
proprietors the same as the other divisions. 
The 1st, 2d and 3d divisions were allotted 
in 1787 and '88, and surveys recorded in 
September, 1788. Allotted by Gen. Parley 
Davis, surveyor ; Isaac Putnam, hind- 
chainman ; Jacob Putnam, fore-chainman. 
The 4th division was allotted by Gen. 
Davis in 1798. 

This allotting, if accurately surveyed, 
would cover 22,162 acres, which would 
leave 878 acres undivided land, of which 
each proprietor would own an equal share. 
This land, which is north-easterly of the 
Governor's right, has been taken up or 
"pitched" from time to time, until it is 
all claimed on titles of original rights. 

By an act of the legislature, approved 
Oct. 30, 1850, so much of the town as is 
contained in lots numbering 50, 55, 56,57, 
58, 63 and 64, and so much of the undi- 
vided land as lies westerly of a line com- 
mencing at the most south-easterly corner 
of lot number 64, and running south t,6° 
west and parallel with the original line be- 
tween Waterbury and Middlesex to the 
Governor's right, so called ; thence on the 
line of the Governor's right to the original 
town line, was annexed to the town of 
Waterbury, whichleaves about22,ooo acres 
as the present area of Middlesex. 

The change in the town line was made 
to benefit a few families who lived in the 
west part of the town who could more con- 



228 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



veniently attend meetings and go to market 
in Waterbury than in Middlesex, on ac- 
count of living the west side of a high 
range of hills or mountains, that form a 
natural boundary, and so separate the two 
towns that only one carriage-road directly 
connects them. The change brings the 
town line as now established very near the 
summit of this range of mountains. 

Near the S. E. corner of the town com- 
mences a less elevation of land, which ex- 
tends in a northerly direction a little east 
of the centre of the town, which unites 
with the higher range about 4 miles from 
the south line, and gives the south part of 
the town a slope southerly towards the 
Winooski, and the northern and eastern 
part a slope easterly towards the North 
Branch of the Winooski, which fiows 
through the N. E. corner of the town. 

The surface of the township is somewhat 
uneven, but the soil is generally very fer- 
tile and productive. There are many ex- 
cellent farms on the hills, and some fine 
intervales along the river and branch, and 
although the meadows are not very ex- 
tensive, they are enough so to form a num- 
ber of very good and valuable farms. 

The land is naturally covered with maple, 
birch, beech, ash, elm, butternut, red-oak, 
iron-wood, pine, spruce, hemlock, fir and 
other smaller trees and bushes such as are 
common in this part of the State. 

The N. W. corner of the town contains 
about 1200 acresof nearly unbroken forest, 
covering the mountain and lying along its 
base, which only needs steam-power in the 
immediate vicinity, backed by good me- 
chanical enterprise and skill, to make it 
valuable property. 

This town will compare favorably with 
the other towns in the County for farming 
and lumbering. 

NATURAL CURIOSITIES. 

Nature has given our territory fully an 
average share of the singular and odd, and 
of the grand and sublime. 

Among the oddities is a rocking stone 
on the farm of William Chapin, near the 
Centre. This stone, weighing many tons, 
is so evenly balanced on a high ledge that 



it can be rocked forward and back with 
ease. On the mountain west of the late 
C. B. Holden farm is a high cliff of rocks, 
from which many heavy pieces of rock have 
become detached and fallen to the ravine 
below. These are so placed that they 
form some curious caverns on a small scale, 
which are noted hedge-hog habitations. 
One of these rocks, sheltered by the over- 
hanging cliff from which it fell, which is 
some 6 feet long, 4 feet wide, and from i 
to 2 feet thick, lies on another rock in such 
a manner that it projects over nearly half 
its length, and is so nicely balanced that a 
man can teeter it up and down with one 
finger. 

A few years ago there stood by the road- 
.side on the farm now owned by Daniel 
Pembrook, an iron-wood or remon tree, 
which about 2 feet from the ground di- 
vided into two trunks, each about 6 inches 
in diameter. They grew smooth and 
nearly straight, and from i to 2 feet apart 
for some 10 feet, where they again united 
in one solid trunk, which was about 10 
inches in diameter ; this continued about 3 
feet, where it again divided. The two 
trunks above were similar to the two be- 
low for about 10 feet; there it united once 
more, and above threw out branches and 
had a "top" similar to other trees of its 
kind. This tree was cut down by some 
one who had an eye keener for the useful 
than for the ornamental. 

The only road that directly connects 
this town with Waterbury, about i^ miles 
from the river, passes through a notch be- 
tween masses of ragged ledges which for 
many rods rise almost perpendicular on 
either side to the height of 100 feet or 
more, with just fair room for a good car- 
riage-road and a small stream of water be- 
tween. 

The channel called the Narrows, worn 
through the rocks by the Winooski be- 
tween this town and Moretown, is quite a 
curiosity. Of this grand work of time 
Moretown may justly claim a share, but as 
this town is the most benefited by it, Mid- 
dlesex history would be incomplete with- 
out a description. The channel is about 
80 rods in length, some 30 feet in depth, 



MIDDLESEX. 



i2g 



and averaging about 60 feet wide. Where 
the bridge leading from Middlesex village 
across to Moretown spans the channel, the 
width at the top of the cut is less than the 
depth. Below this bridge for many rods 
the rocks rise very nearly perpendicular for 
some 30 feet, appearing like a wall. Above 
the bridge for many rods they rise on either 
side to near the same elevation, but not 
quite so steep, leaving the chasm only a 
few feet wide at the bottom, and the river 
runs very rapidly through the channel. At 
the upper end of the Narrows is a dam and 
the mills described elsewhere. Just below 
the bridge, and in direct line with the 
course of the river above, is a high pinna- 
cle of rocks. When the river is low it 
runs the north side of this, and when the 
water is high it flows on both sides, or sur- 
rounds it. 

By a survey made by the late Hon. Wm. 
Howes a few years ago, it was ascertained 
that the fall in the river from below the 
dam at Montpelier village to the top of 
the water in the pond at Middlesex was 
only 5 feet 11 inches. 

There are many things that indicate that 
at some distant day these ledges formed a 
barrier that obstructed the water of the 
river, and raised it many feet higher than 
the meadows along the river above this 
place, forminff a large pond or lake, that 
flowed not only these meadows but a part 
of Montpelier, including the greater part 
of the village, and a portion of the towns 
of Barre, Berlin and Moretown. About 2 
miles above the Narrows the ledge, near 
where the carriage-road now is, some 50 
feet above the present bed of the river, 
bears unmistakable evidence of the wash- 
ing of the waters of the river or lake. 

While gazing on this woudrous work 

Of nature's law, divinely fair, 
We feel how great the worl{ of time. 

How weak and frail we mortals are. 

We feel the feeling grow of awe, 
While looking on this rolling tide, 

And think these were the works of God, 
In which mankind could take no pride. 

Along the mountain side in the N. W. 
part of the town are many rills and brooks, 
that come rushing down steep declivities 
and leaping from high precipices, forming 



many beautiful cascades and miniature cat- 
aracts, which if as great as they are lofty 
would be supremely grand. Here, too, are 
found high overhanging cliffs and deep 
ravines, and all the sublimity common to 
the mountains of the Verd Mont State. 

But when we stand upon the summit of 
the highest peak, 3,558 feet above Lake 
Champlain, and cast our eye at a glance 
over more than 10,000 sq. miles of the 
surrounding country, looking down over 
the homes of tens of thousands of our 
steady villagers and sturdy yeomanry, view- 
ing the well-cultivated plains and forest- 
covered hills, and beholding the distant 
mountain scenery, the winding streams 
and ever-varied landscape, here we find 
magnificence and grandeur combined. 

It might be said Bublime and fail". 

And lofty are our verdant hills. 
And crystal streams from fountains flow 

That turn witli ease the swiftest mills. 
Our plains', how grand, how marked with cave, 

While each proclaims the work of God ; 
And man, with thanks and willing hands. 

Improves the rich and fertile sod. 

For the following very good description 
of our mountains I am indebted to Wm. 
Chapin : 

MOUNTAINS OF MIDDLESEX. 

BY WM. CHAPIN, ESQ. 

Near the South-west corner of Middle- 
sex there rises abruptly from the south 
bank of the Winooski river a range of 
clearly-defined mountains, that extends 
about 20 miles, being nearly on the line 
between Middlesex and Waterbury, and 
extending between Worcester and Stowe, 
a little to the east of the line between 
those towns, and ending near Elmore pond, 
in the Lamoille valley. These mountains 
are called "The Hogbacks " in some of 
the earlier geographical works of Vermont, 
but that name now applies only to the 
south end of the range near the Winooski. 

The most conspicuous points in Middle- 
sex are locally known as ' ' Burned Mount- 
ain," "White Rock," or " Castle Rock," 
and " Mt. Hunger." This Mt. Hunger is 
nearly on the line between Middlesex and 
Worcester, and a little east of the corners 
of the four towns, Middlesex, Worcester, 
Stowe and Waterbury. Its height is 3648 
feet above the sea. 



230 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



As the topmost stone of this mountain, 
which is the highest point in the range, is 
doubtless in the town of Worcester, that 
town may perhaps fairly claim the honor 
of having within its limits one of the pleas- 
antest places of public resort to be found 
in New England. 

The name of Mt. Hunger was given by 
a party of hunters who went out from Mid- 
dlesex Centre on a winter's day, some 60 
years ago, to hunt for deer on this mount- 
ain. Lost in the vast woods, they had to 
stay out all night, with nothing to eat save 
one partridge, and that without salt or 
sauce. When they got home the next 
day, half starved and wholly tired out, 
they said they \\?LAhQe.Yi on Mount Hunger . 
Not an inviting name, certainly, but very 
appropriate to the occasion. 

The only comfortable way and road to 
the summit at the present time is in and 
through Middlesex. From the earliest 
settlement of the town this has been a 
favorite resort for all who have had suffi- 
cient hardihood of muscle and wind to 
make the first ascent. But the way was 
rough, tangled and steep. A better way 
was needed, and in due time was made. 
The Mt. Hunger road was commenced in 
October, 1877, and completed June i, 
1878. It was on its first survey 2 miles 
and 16 rods in length, extending from the 
public highway in Middlesex to the sum- 
mit of the mountain. The first 500 rods 
was made a good, safe and comfortable 
carriage road. The last half mile is very 
steep, and only a foot-path could be made, 
but the path is so well provided with stairs 
and other conveniences that children 6 
years of age have gone up safely, and men 
of 86 years have gone up without difficulty. 
[The late Hon. Daniel Baldwin, of Mont- 
pelier, twice after 86 years of age.] Many 
teams of one to 6 horses drawing carriages 
from two to 20 persons, have gone up and 
down this road in the summers of 1878, ^Q 
and '80, without an accident or mishap to 
any one. 

To build such a road, through a dense 
forest of spruce, birch and maple woods, 
was no small undertaking, requiring some 
courage, much capital and a vast amount 



of hard labor. Thousands of trees had to 
be dug up by the roots — giant birches that 
clung to the ground for dear life, well- 
rooted spruce, and tough beeches and 
maple ; thousands of knolls and hills had 
to be graded or removed, and hardest of 
all, thousands of rocks and ledges to be 
blasted, dug out, or got around in some 
way. 

Hundreds of feet of bridging had to be 
built across the many little brooks and rills 
that come down the mountain sides. The 
longest bridge is in Middlesex, near the 
Worcester line, and is 137 feet long. At 
the upper end of the carriage-road is a 
level plateau that has been well cleared of 
the undergrowth and made smooth, and 
here a barn has been built to accommodate 
travelers with teams. The grade of the 
road is necessarily somewhat steep, but as 
it is a continual rise from the foot to sum- 
mit, no very sharp or steep pitches are to 
be found in the whole length of it. 

This road was built by Theron Bailey, 
Esq., of Montpelier, proprietor of the 
" Pavilion," and is owned and occupied by 
him as a toll road, the various land-owners 
on the route having deeded him the right 
of way, and some 25 acres of land for 
building and standing ground at the top. 

The construction of this road was under 
the superintendence of Wm. Chapin, Esq., 
of Middlesex Centre, and was completed, 
with the exception of stairs and bridges, 
in 60 working days, and with a gang of 
less than 20 men. 

Whether this road will be kept up in re- 
pair or not, remains to be seen. The mount- 
ain top is one of the pleasantest places of 
earth, and will be visited so long as people 
inhabit the country ; standing in an isolated 
position, it commands a view of the whole 
country ; to the east, to the White Mount- 
ains, west, to the Adirondacks, north, to 
the Canadian Provinces, and south, to the 
Massachusetts line ; a score of villages, 
many lakes and ponds, and, best of all, 
thousands of New England farms and 
homes. 

Among those who visited here in the 
olden time was the late Daniel P. Thomp- 
son, of Monti^eher, who climbed up, fol- 



MIDDLESEX. 



231 



lowing the town line for a guide, about 
1833, and no doubt much of the sublime 
mountain scenery so beautifully described 
in " May Martin," " The Green Mountain 
Boys," and other Vermont stories, was 
studied from nature here. 

The tops of all of these mountains were 
covered with timber at the settlement of 
the town ; now some 10 acres are burned 
down to the bare rock on the top of Mt. 
Hunger, about the same area on " White 
Rock," and on Burned Mountain the fire 
has cleared some 30 to 40 acres. The 
spaces thus opened aflbrd the finest out- 
look upon the surrounding country. 

" Now on the ridges, bare and bleak, 

Cool 'round my temples sighs the gale. 
Ye winds! that wander o'er the Peak, 

Yc mountain spirits! hail! 
Angels of health! to man below 

Ye bring celestial airs; 
Bear back to Him, from whom ye blow. 

Our praises and prayers." 

Middlesex Centre, 1880. w. c. 

WATER-POWER, MILLS AND FRESHETS. 

The town is abundantly watered by 
springs, brooks and rivers. There are but 
very few houses in town that are not sup- 
plied with a stream of clear, pure, soft 
water, running from some never-failing 
spring. 

Numerous brooks rise among the mount- 
ains and on the hills, and flow across the 
, town. One called Big brook rises N. W. 
of the Centre, flows a southerly course to 
near the centre of the town, then flows 
south-westerly to the Winooski, emptying 
just above the village. 

On this stream, about half a mile from its 
mouth, has been- a saw-mill the greater 
part of the time for upwards of 60 years, 
and at diflferent times there have been mills 
at three other places on the stream, one 
being near the Centre. The best of these 
mills, built by Solomon Hutchins about 20 
years ago, was destroyed by fire soon after 
it was completed. The other mills have 
rotted down, been damaged by freshets 
and never repaired, or been taken down, 
and at present there is no mill on the 
stream ; but there is a repair shop, owned 
by Myron Long, in place of the mill first 
described. 



Along the mountains northerly of the 
height of land near the Centre, rise many 
brooks, which, flowing south-easterly and 
uniting, form a quite large stream, which 
empties into North Branch about 5 miles 
from Montpelier village. 

The two largest of these brooks unite at 
Shady Rill, about one mile from the 
Branch, and here in the year 1824, Jedu- 
than Haskins and Ira McElroy built a saw- 
mill on the right bank of the stream, which 
stood about 4 year^, and was washed away 
by a freshet. It was rebuilt soon after by 
Haskins on the other side of the stream. 
This mill stood until about 1850, when it 
was washed away and never rebuilt. On 
the east stream of the two that unite at 
Shady Rill, about ^ mile above that place, 
a saw-mill was built some years ago. In 
1869, or '70, this mill was bought by Isaac 
W; Brown, of Montpelier, who put in a 
clapboard mill, which was run by John 
Hornbrook until 1872. 

In 1872, W. H. Billings came fromWaits- 
field and bought the mill. He ran the old 
mill 2 years, and his brother, J. J. Billings, 
went in company with him. The fall of 
1875, they built a new mill, 34 by 60 
feet, and put in a small engine to run part 
of the machinery. In this mill they did a 
good business, which was increasing each 
year until the mill was burned. May 8, 
1880. At that time they had several 
thousand logs in the mill-yard, and they 
immediately commenced clearing out the 
debris of the burned mill, and laying the 
foundation for a large new mill, 48 feet by 
96. They put in a 75 horse-power engine, 
and commenced cutting out boards and 
timber July 17, and in the course of the 
summer they nearly finished the mill and 
put in all the machinery necessary for cut- 
ting, planing and matching boards, and 
sawing and dressing clapboards. It is 
now, Jan. 1881, one of the best mills in 
the State, and capable of turning out 10 
car-loads of dressed lumber per month. 
There is another mill, on another sti-eam, 
about half a mile west of this mill, now 
owned by Geo. W. Willey. 

In 181 5, Esquire Bradstreet Baldwin 
came from Londonderry, and built a mill 



232 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



where Putnam's mills now stand, on North 
Branch, about 5^ miles from Montpelier, 
since which there has been a mill there. 

We are favored by the following de- 
scription of these mills through the kind- 
ness of C. C. Putnam, Esq: 

" The north branch of the Winooski, 
which empties into the main stream at 
Montpelier, flows through the N. E. corner 
of Middlesex, about 3 miles, on which is 
situated one of the best mill privileges in 
the State, with a fall o/ 32 ft., on which 
was erected a mill in 18 15, by Bradstreet 
Baldwin, son of Benjamin Baldwin, of 
Londonderry, Vt. The mill built by Brad- 
street Baldwin, on the above-mentioned 
privilege, was owned and occupied by sev- 
eral parties until purchased by C. C. Put- 
nam and Jacob Putnam, about 1845. -^t 
that time the capacity of the mill was about 
100,000 ft. per annum. The old mill was 
situated on the west side of the stream at 
the top of the fall. In 1854, was erected 
a large double gang-mill on the east side 
of the stream below the fall to take advan- 
tage of the 32-feet fall, together with a 
grist-mill and machinery for dressing lum- 
ber. The latter was consumed by fire in 
1862. The same year was erected by C. 
C. Putnam on the same site, the mill now 
standing, with two laige circular saws. 
Since then have been added to the mill, 
planers, matchers, edging-saw, butting- 
machine and band-saw for cutting out chair 
stock, the capacityof the mill being 2,000, - 
000 ft. dre.ssed lumber per year. The past 
year, C. C. Putnam & Son, the present 
owners, have shipped 150 car-loads of 
dressed lumber to New Hampshire, Mas- 
sachusetts, Connecticut and Rhode Island, 
valued from $25,000 to $30,000. The most 
of this lumber is cut on their land in 
Worcester, and floated down the stream. 
In connection with their lumber business 
they have a supply store, containing all 
necessaries for their workmen and public 
generally, doing a business of from $15,000 
to $20,000 per year." 

Henry Perkins came to town somewhere 
about 1800, and built the first grist and 
saw-mill at the Narrows, where the village 
stands. He lived in the Widow Aaron 



Ladd house, one of the two first houses in 
the village. Soon after, Samuel Haskins 
built an oil-mill, and Thomas Stowell built 
a clothing-works mill. 

In those early days, when news were 
conveyed on horseback as the swiftest 
means ; when freighting between here and 
Boston was mostly done with oxen ; before 
Ark Wright had invented the spinning Jenny, 
or carding-machines were known ; when 
the women did all the carding and spin- 
ning by hand ; when farmers had to go a 
great way to mill, and carry their grist on 
horseback, or on their shoulders ; when the 
meat mostly used was that of wild game, 
and salt to season it sometimes $3.58 per 
bu. ; when 8 children were called an av- 
erage family, and 12 or 13 not uncommon, 
and boys and girls were not afraid of work ; 
when the " goode housewyfe " found ample 
time to spin yarn from wool, flax and tow, 
and weave cloth to clothe all in her goodly 
family, works were then in vogue and built 
for coloring, fulling, pressing and dressing 
cloth. In May, 18 18, a freshet swept away 
the clothing-works, but they were soon 
built up again. 

At the time of this freshet Luther Has- 
kins was moving from the farm which he 
sold to Stephen Herrickin 1820, and which 
Mr. Herrick still owns and occupies. He 
got his cattle as far as the river, and could 
get them no farther on account of high 
water. Nathaniel Daniels and John Cooms 
undertook to go from the village in a boat 
to take care of the cattle. They had pro- 
ceeded some 20 rods up the river, when 
the current upset the boat. Cooms swam 
ashore, and seeing Daniels struggling in 
the water, was about to swim in to rescue 
him, when some one who considered the 
undertaking too dangerous, held Cooms 
back, and Daniels was drowned. 

Nov. 1 82 1, all the mills were destroyed 
by fire. They were soon rebuilt, with a 
good woolen factory in place of the clothing- 
works, which was built by Amplius Blake, 
of Chelsea, who employed Artemas Wilder 
to superintend it. 

In Sept. 1828, was another freshet, 
which swept away the factory, grist-mill, 
oil-mill and saw-mill. Much to the credit 



MIDDLESEX. 



233 



of the owners, they went to work with true 
Yankee courage immediately, and rebuilt 
the mills in a stronger and more secure 
manner, and had them all in operation 
within 2 years. They were not secure 
enough, however, to withstand the exten- 
sive freshet of July, 1830, during which 
the water in the Winooski probably was 
the highest ever known since the State was 
settled, being at its greatest height July 
27 or 28, so high it flowed through the vil- 
lage, and a dam was built across the upper 
end of the street, to turn the current of the 
river back towards the Narrows. All the 
mills were raised by the water from their 
foundations, and sailed oflf together like a 
fleet, taking the bridge below with them, 
until they struck the high pinnacle of rocks 
a few rods below the bridge, when, with a 
deafening crash, they smashed, and ap- 
parently disappeared in the rolling flood. 

The weather in the summer of 1830 was 
cold and wet up to July 15. From the 15th 
to the 24th it was mostly clear and exces- 
sively warm. During the day of the 15th, 
the thermometer rose in the shade to 94°, 
the i6th it rose to 92°, the 17th to 92^°, 
the 1 8th to 92°, the 19th to 90°, the 20th 
to 91°, and the 21st to 94°. 

The rain commenced in the afternoon of 
Saturday, the 24th, and continued till the 
Thursday following, and is believed to be 
the greatest fall of water in the length of 
time ever known in Vermont, the fall at 
Burlington being more than 7 inches, 3.85 
in. of which fell the 26th in 16 hours. 

After this freshet, Jeduthan and Luther 
Haskins built here an oil-mill, which was 
bought by Enos Stiles in 1835, and suc- 
cessfully operated by him for 33 years. He 
sold to Y. Dutton, who now owns it. There 
were many oil-mills in the State at an 
early day, but they had all been abandoned 
except two, when Mr. Stiles sold his mill. 
Mr. Dutton kept the mill in operation for 
a time after he owned it, and is supposed 
to be the last one in the State to give up 
making oil from flax-seed. The Messrs. 
Haskins also built a grist-mill, which was 
afterward owned for many years by Geo. 
& Barnard Langdon, of Montpelier, who 
sold to L. D. Ainsworth. He has at great 



expense fortified it against freshets, and 
made it a first-class, modern flouring and 
grist-mill, where he does a good business. 
He also owns a planing-mill near the grist- 
mill, and a saw-mill on the opposite side of 
the river in Moretown, which accommo- 
dates many who reside in Middlesex, and 
has recently bought the old oil-mill of 
Dutton. 

In Oct. 1869, there was a freshet that 
did considerable damage. No buildings 
were carried off", but the highways were 
badly washed, and many bridges carried 
away. In the town report the following 
March I find, in addition to a highway tax 
of 50 cents on a dollar of the grand list, 
about $3,000 in orders drawn for extra 
work and expense on highways and bridges. 
The river was so high thatMr. Ainsworth's 
saw-mill teetered up and down on the water, 
and would have been swept away had it 
not been securely chained to the trees and 
ledges. 

OF THE MINERALOGY 

here but little is yet known. Rock crystal 
is quite common, and some very fine spec- 
imens of crystal quartz have been picked 
up. The largest, most transparent and 
most perfect specimens have been found in 
the north western part of the town, along 
the foot of the mountain. The crystal 
quartz found here is mostly nearly white. 
Some of the specimens are traversed in va- 
rious directions with hair-like crystals of a 
reddish, yellowish or brown color, and 
similar to those found elsewhere along the 
gold formation, so called, that extends 
through this part of the State. Many 
stones are also found of which iron enters 
largely into the formation ; and it is claimed 
that gold has been found in small quanti- 
ties in the eastern part of the town, but no 
very valuable mines have yet been discov- 
ered here. 

MAGNETIC VARIATION. 

From an examination of the lines nm 
when the town was alloted in 1788, it ap- 
pears that the westerly variation of the mag- 
netic needle is now very nearly 4°, so that 
lines in this town that were run N. 36° E. 
in 1787, now in i88x nm N. 40° E. 



30 



234 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



ANIMALS. 

The first settlers found in the forest of 
this town, the black bear, raccoon, wol- 
verine, weasel, mink, pine martin (im- 
properly called .sable), skunk, American 
otter, wolf, red fox, black or silver fox, 
cross fox, lynx, bay lynx or wild cat, star- 
nosed mole, shrew mole. Say's bat, beaver, 
musk rat, meadow mouse, jumping mouse, 
white bellied or tree mouse, woodchuck, 
the gray, black, red, striped, and flying 
squirrel, hedge-hog, rabbit, moose, and 
common deer. 

In 1831, a very large moose left the 
mountain near the notch road, and wan- 
dered towards the village of Middlesex. 
He crossed the Winooski near the eddy 
just below the narrows, and went across 
the meadows on the farms now owned by 
Joseph Newhall and Joseph Knapp in 
Moretown, passing through a field of wheat 
on the latter farm. He then crossed Mad 
river near its mouth, and started in the di- 
rection of the large tract of woods near 
Camel's Hump mountain. This is sup- 
posed to be the last wild moose that ever 
visited Middlesex. 

COUNTY MEMBERSHIP. 

Middlesex has had the honor to belong 
to Gloucester County, established by the 
N. Y. Council, Mar. 16, 1770; Unity, es- 
tablished Mar. 17, 1778 ; name changed to 
Cumberland, Mar. 21, 1778 ; to Benning- 
ton, being set to this County by change 
of county line Feb. i, 1779: to Addison 
Co., formed Oct. 18, 1785; to Jefferson 
County, incorporated Nov. i, 1810; to 
Washington Co., the name of JeiTerson 
being changed to Washington in 18 14. 

Middlesex can boast of being the first 
town settled in Washington County, as 
the county is now organized ; but it was 
not the first town chartered, Duxbury, 
Moretown and Waterbury having been 
chartered one day first, June 7, 1763. 

The altitude at Middlesex village was 
given by D. P. Thompson at 520 feet 
above the level of the ocean, probably 
meaning the elevation of the railroad at 
that place. He did not claim minute ac- 
curacy, but as his estimate was deduced 



from data of surveys for canals and rail- 
roads, it is probably a very near approxi- 
mation. 

CARRYING THEIR VISITORS HOME. 

Somewhere between 1825 and 1830, a 
carpenter and joiner, named Downer, came 
with his family from Canada to build the 
house where Elijah Whitney now lives, for 
Jacob Putnam, and moved his family into 
a house about 2 miles easterly from Wor- 
cester Corner, and owned by Wm. Ar- 
buckle. Downer, for some reason, went 
to Canada in the winter, and left his wife 
and four or five children in Worcester, and 
during his absence they were aided by the 
town. DanforthW. Stiles then lived where 
he had made the first beginning, on what 
is now known as the Nichols' place, above 
Putnam's Mills, and the Downer family 
came there and to Jacob Putnam's on a 
visit. When they were ready to return 
home, they procured a team, and a boy 
started to drive them home and take the 
team back, but they were met near the line 
by Worcester men, who turned their team 
around, and told them to drive back into 
Middlesex, and they returned to Stiles'. 
Stephen Herrick was overseer of the poor 
in Middlesex, and Stiles immediately no- 
tified him of the affair, and he started with 
his team to carry the family back. He 
took the woman and children, and accom- 
panied by Stiles, they proceeded to within 
about a mile and a half of the house, which 
distance was through a thick woods, when 
they were stopped by two men who were 
felling trees across the road so lively that 
after considerable effort to cut their way 
thi'ough, they returned with the family to 
Middlesex, leaving the family at Esquire 
Baldwin's. 

Herrick went home, arriving there about 
dark, and rode about that part of the town 
to mform the men of his defeat and pro- 
cure assistance, and was soon on the road 
to Worcester again, accompanied by Elijah 
Holden, with a span of horses and double 
sleigh to carry the family, and by Horace 
Holden, Moses Holden, Xerxes Holden, 
Asa Chapin, Torry Hill, Josiah Holden 
Abram Gale, John Bryant, George Sawyer, 
Jeremiah Leland, Sanford White, Lewis Mc- 



MIDDLESEX. 



235 



Elroy and others, in all 22 men, with 9 teams 
and plenty of axes, bars and levers, with 
which to clear the track, and they were 
joined by Stiles when they reached his 
place, making 23 men. When they reach- 
ed the woods they were again stopped, 
this time by 16 Worcester men with axes, 
who commenced to fell trees into the road, 
as fully resolved to prevent any further tax 
to support the Downers, as the Boston 
"tea party " were to avoid paying the three 
cent tax on tea. The Middlesex men 
commenced clearing the road, and pro- 
ceeded some distance in that way, but the 
1 6 men kept the trees so thick in the road 
ahead, that Herrick ordered his men to 
leave the road, and cut a new road through 
the woods around the fallen trees. In 
this way they succeeded better, and when 
the trees became too numerous ahead, they 
dodged again, and brushed out a road 
around them, Holden following close be- 
hind with the family. As soon as it was 
certain that they would succeed, Herrick 
proceeded alone to the house, to protect 
that from being destroyed, and to have a 
fire when the woman and children should 
get there. 

Very soon after he reached the house, 
William Hutchinson entered with a fire- 
brand, and was about to set fire to the 
house, when Herrick seized him, threw 
him to the floor, and seating himself on 
Hutchin.son, held him fast. Torry Hill 
soon entered, with a gruff " whose here?" 
Herrick answered, " I am here, and here is 
this little Bill Hutchinson, who bothered 
me yesterday by felling trees into the road." 
"Let me have him," said Torry. Herrick 
released him, when he sprang for the fire, 
determined to carry out his purpose, but 
Torry seized him by the collar, and snap- 
ping him to the door, gave him a kick that 
made him say, " Til go ! " " Yes, you will 
go, and that d: — d quick, too," said Hill, 
giving him another kick, that sent him 
many feet from the house. 

Soon after both parties arrived at the 
house, and the family was escorted in about 
daybreak. A war of words followed, with 
some threatening. One tall, muscular, 
Worcester man, named Rhodes, stepped 



out, and threatening loudly, exclaimed, 
" I can lick any six of you!" Torry Hill 
sprang in front of him, and smacking his 
fists together, replied, " My name is six, 
come on!" but no blows were struck. 

Herrick was soon called before Judge 
Ware, of Montpelier, to answer to the 
charge of violating the statute against re- 
moving any person or persons from one 
town in this State to any other town in the 
State without an order of removal. It was 
proved conclusively that all the home they 
had was in Worcester, that they were vis- 
iting in Middlesex, and desired to return, 
and that the defendant only helped them 
to return to their house in Worcester. Wm . 
Upham and Nicholas Baylies, counsel for 
Worcester, and Judge Jeduthan Loomis 
for defendant. 

Although the Worcester people were 
beat, they did not give up, but arranged a 
double sled so that the driver's seat was 
attached to the forward sled, and a blow 
or two with an axe would free the hind sled 
and body, and taking the family on the 
sled, they gave them a free ride up north, 
and when in a suitable place the driver de- 
tached the forward sled, and trotted off 
towards home, leaving the woman and 
children in the road, comfortably tucked 
up in their part of the sled, and where 
they would be under the necessity of so- 
liciting the charity of Her Majesty's sub- 
jects in Canada. 

POPULATION AND GRAND LIST. 

1783, population i or 2 ; 1791,60; 1793, 
grand list ^280, ids.; 1800, population 
262; 1810, population 401, list $4770.37; 
1820, 726, $7623 ; 1830, 1 156, $5720 ; 1840, 
1279, $8240; 1850, 1365, $2952.52; i860, 
1254, $3459.51; 1870, 1171, $3584.63; 
1880, 1087, $3128; 1881, $5068. 

In 1794, our votes for governor were, 
for Thomas Chittenden 10, Elijah Paine 4, 
Louis R. Morris i, and Samuel Mattocks i. 

It was voted to raise 3d. per pound for 
making and repairing roads, and 2d. per 
pound to defray town expenses. 

The 5d. on a pound was 2 1-12 per ct. 
of the grand list, which was a great varia- 
tion from the 125 to 150 per ct. raised by 



236 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



the town for a few years past for necessary 
expenses and highways. 

SCHOOLS. 

The first district extended along the 
river, but we have not learned the exact 
location of the first school-house. The 
district was divided in 1794, the line be- 
tween lots 6 and 7 on the river, and one 
school-house built near where the No. i 
school-house now stands, and No. 2 school- 
house, which was waslied away by the 
freshet of 1818, about half way from the 
village to where the road leading towards 
the Centre passes under the railroad. 

As the town became settled, new dis- 
tricts were organized until they numbered 
13, but at present only 1 1 support schools, 
two having been divided and set to other 
districts. With two or three exceptions, 
the school-houses have been newly built or 
repaired within a few years, and are in 
good condition, and the schools will com- 
pare favorably with the common schools 
of surrounding towns. 

The natural division of the township 
prevents any natural central point in town, 
and no high schools of any grade have 
been established here, but many of the 
larger scholars attend the high schools and 
seminaries at Montpelier, Barre, Water- 
bury and elsewhere. 

The number of families having children 
of school age is about 170, and the num- 
ber of school children only about 225, 
consequently our schools are all small 
compared with the schools of early days. 
About the year 1825 Stephen Herrick 
taught at the Centre and had 75 scholars ; 
Hubbard Willey sending 10, Ezra Nichols 
7, and others nearly as many. 

TOWN OFFICERS. 

Representatives — Samuel Harris was 
rei^resentative in 1791 ; Seth Putnam, 1792, 
'93, '94, '96, '97 to 1800, '3, '4, '5, '7, '8, 
'13 to '17, '22; Josiah Hurlburt, 1795; 
Henry Perkins, 1801, '2, '6; David Har- 
rington, 1809 to 1813, '17, '19, '21 : Na- 
thaniel Carpenter, 1818, '20; Josiah Hol- 
den, 1823, '24, '28, '29; Holden Putnam, 
1825, '26, '27, '34, '36, '40; John Vincent, 
1830, '33^ '35. '37; Wm. H. -Holden, 



1831 ; Wm. J. Holden, 1838; Leander 
Warren, 1841, '44, '58, '59 ; Horace Hol- 
den, 1842, '43; Wm. H. Holden, 1845; 
Joseph Hancock, 1846, '48; John Poor, 
1849, '5°; Oliver A. Chamberlin, 1851, 
'52, '55; Moses Holden, 1853, '54; Geo. 
Leland, 2d, 1856, '57; James H. Holden, 
i860; Jacob S. Ladd, 1861, '62; Wm. E. 
McAllister, 1863; C. C. Putnam, 1864, 
'65; Rufus Warren, 1866, '67; Charles B. 
Holden, 1868, '69; Jarvil C. Leland, 1870; 
Jacob Putnam, 1872; Sylvanus Daniels, 
1874; C. C. Eaton, 1876; Myron W. 
Miles, 1878; Wm. Chapin, 1880. 

Superintendents of Schools. — David 
Goodale was chosen in 1846; Aaron Ladd, 
1847, '48, '49; Stephen Herrick, 1850, '56, 
'66; George Bryant, 1851 ; Wm. H. Hol- 
den, 1852; Wm. Chapin, 1853, '57, '69; 
H. Fales, 1854; Anson Felton, 1855; H. 
L. McElroy, 1858, '61 to '66; Marcus 
Gould, 1859, '60; W. L. Leland, 1867; 
C. C. Putnam, Jr., 1868, '70; Elijah 
Whitney, 1879, '80; V.V.Vaughn, 1871 
to '79, '81. 

First Selectmen. — Thomas Mead, 
1790, '95, '96; Samuel Harris, 1791 ; Seth 
Putnam, 1792, '98, 1803, '4, '14, '15; Levi 
Putnam, 1793; Josiah Hurlburt, 1794; 
Leonard Lamb, 1797 ; Henry Perkins, 1799 ; 
David Harrington, 1800, 'i, '2; Ephraim 
Willey, 1805; Elisha Woodbury, 1806; 
Josiah Holden, 1807, '8 ; Nathaniel Car- 
penter, 1809, 'II, '13, '18, '19, '20, '21 ; 
Jo.seph Hutchins, 1810 ; Ephraim Keyes, 
1812; Daniel Houghton, 181 6; Jacob Put- 
nam, 1817; Horace Holden, 1822, '23, '27, 
'35' '36, '39, '46, '47 ; James Jordan, 1828; 
John Vincent, 1829, '30, '31, '34; Wm. H. 
Holden, 1833; Aaron Ladd, 1837; S. C. 
Collins, 1838; Leander Warren, 1840, '57; 
Geo. H. Lewis, 1841, '42, '53; O. A. 
Chamberlin, 1843, '44, '48, '49, '51 ; Sam- 
uel Daniels, 1845 ; George Leland, 1850, 
'52; C. C. Putnam, 1854, '71, '72, ''73; 
Jacob S. Ladd, 1855 ; Moses Holden, 1856; 
Wm. D. Mclntyre, 1858; David Ward, 
1859, '60, '66, '67, '68; Osgood Evans, 
1861 ; Andrew A. Tracy, 1862 ; Jas. H. 
Holden, 1863, '64; D. P. Carpenter, 1865 ; 
Jarvil C. Leland, 1869; Jacob Putnam, 



MIDDLESEX. 



237 



1870; Gardner Sawyer, 1874, '81; Elijah 
Somers, 1875 ; Wm. B. McElroy, 1876; 
Hiram A. Sawyer, 1877; Norris Wright, 
1878; D.-R. Culver, 1879; C. J. Lewis, 
1880. 

Constables. — The first constable elect- 
ed was Edmond Holden, in 1790; Daniel 
Hoadley, 1791 ; Jacob Putnam, 1792 ; Seth 
Putnam, 1793; Samuel Harris, 1794, '97, 
'98, '99 ; Josiah Hurlburt, 1795 ; Wm. Hol- 
den, 1796, 1820; Henry Perkins, 1800; 
Rufus Chamberlin, 1801 ; David Allen, 
1802; Ira Hawks, 1803; Thomas Mead, 
1804, '5, '6; David Harrington, 1807 to 
'13 ; Josiah Holden, 1814 ; Horace Holden, 
1817, '19, ''24 ; Luther Haskins, 1818 ; Dan- 
iel Houghton, 1821 ; Jeduthan Haskins, 
1822 ; Alexander McCray, 1825; Ira Mc- 
Elroy , 1825 ; O. A. Chamberlin, 1828; 
Wm. A. Nichols, 1829; Luther Farrar, 
1830, '31 ; D. P. Carpenter, 1833, '34, '36, 
'^y ; Gideon Hills, 1835 ; Stephen Herrick, 
1838, '39, '40, '42, '45 ; Geo. Leland, 1841 ; 
Philander Holden, 1843, '44- '4^; Geo. H. 
Lewis, 1847, '48, ''49; Wm. H. Holden, 
1850, '51 ; Wm. Slade, 1852; Frank A. 
Blodgett, 1853, '54 ; Curtis Haskins, 1855; 
Ezra Ladd, 1856, '57 ; Wm. Chapin, 1858, 
'59; C. B. Holden, i860 to '74; Myron W. 
Miles, 1874 to the present, 1881. 

Overseers since 1841. — Robert Mc- 
Elroy, 1842; Selectmen, 1843, '75 i Jedu- 
than Haskins, 1844; D. P. Carpenter, 
1845 ; Wm. S. Clark, 1846; Wm. D. Mc- 
Intyre, 1847, '67, '68, '69; Enos Stiles, 
1848, '49; Thomas Stowell, 1850; Benja- 
min Scribner, 1851, '53, '54, '64; Stephen 
Hen-ick, 1852, '58; Daniel B. Sherman, 
1855, '56; Geo. R. Sawyer, 1857; W. H. 
Clark, 1859; C. C. Putnam, i860 to '67 ; 
David Ward, 1870; Elijah Somers, 1871, 
'72, '73, '74; Seaver Howard, 1876, ''77; 
Putnam W. Daley, 1878; H. A. Sawyer, 
1879, '80, '81. 

First Justices. — Seth Putnam, 1789, 
1811, '12; Nathaniel Carpenter, 1813, '14, 
'15, '17, '18, '23 to '30, and '33 to '39; 
Rufus Chamberlin, 1816; Daniel Hough- 
ton, 1819, '20, '22; David Harrington, 
1821 ; Wm. H. Holden, 1831, '32, ""^S; 
Horace Holden, 1839, '40>'4i> '44i nearly 



all the time till his death, in 1865 ; Wm. 
T. Clark, 1842; Thomas Stowell, 1843; 
John Poor, 1853; Jas. H. Holden, 1864, 
'65, '67 to '72 ; Marcus Gould, 1866; C. C. 
Putnam, 1872, '73, '74. '75 ! D. P. Carpen- 
ter, '76, '77, '78, '80. Seth Putnam, first 
justice in 1789, held the office of justice 26 
years; David Harrington, 15 years; Thos. 
Stowell, 12 years; John Poor, 14 years; 
Nathaniel Carpenter, first justice, 20 years, 
and Horace Holden was justice at least 
38 years. 

Town Agents.— Stephen Herrick, 1842, 
'52. '57, '58, '60, '61, '66, '72; Geo. H. 
Lewis, 1843, '44; John Poor, 1845, '53; 
Holden Putnam, 1846 to '51 ; George W. 
Bailey, 1855, '56 ; Wm. D. Mclntyre, 1859 ; 
Leander Warren, 1862, '63, '64, '65, '71, 
'73 ; D. P. Carpenter, 1867, '68, '69 ; David 
Ward, 1870; C. C. Putnam, 1874, '75; 
Wm. Chapin, 1876, '77, '78, '80, '81 ; 
Rufus Warren, 1879. 

County Judges. — Hon. James H. Hol- 
den, Hon. Don P. Carpenter. 

Members of Constitutional Conven- 
tion. — Seth Putnam was member in 1793 ; 
Rufus Chamberlin in 18 14, '22, '28 and '36; 
Wm. H. Holden in 1843; O. A. Cham- 
berlin in 1850. 

Postmasters. — Theophilus Cushman 
was postmaster in 1824 ; Daniel Houghton, 
1828 ; Aaron Ladd, 1829; Moses L. Hart, 
1830; Nathaniel Bancroft, 1831 ; Moses L. 
Hart, 1832, ''23; Hiram Mclntyre, 1834 to 
'38; Ransom B. Jones, 1838, '39; Horace 
Snow, 1840 to '45 ; Wm. C. Stowell, 1845, 
'4*6; Harris Hoyt, 1847; A. A. Haskins, 
1848, '49 ; A. H. Hayes, 1850 ; Jesse John- 
son, Jr., 1851, '52; Anson G. Burnham, 
1853, '54; Geo. H. Lewis, 1855 to '59; 
Simpson Hayes, 1859, '60, '61 ; James H. 
Holden, 1862 to 1881, inclusive. 

Physicians. — A doctor by the name of 
Billings practiced and resided in Middle- 
sex in 1821 ; Holdridge soon after ; Joseph 
Lewis, 1825; Samuel Fifield, 1830; Daniel 
Kellogg, '33 ; Henry Dewey, '34 ; H. Dewey 
and Jona Webster, '35 ; Jona Webster, '36, 
'37; Rial Blanchard, '40, '41, '42; David 
Goodale, '44; F. B. Packard, '45 ; Chand- 
ler Poor, dentist, '45 ; David Goodale, '46, 



238 



VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



'47; A. H. Hayes and B. L. Conant, '48; 
A. H. Hayes, '49; Horace Fales, '50 '51, 
'52, '53' '54, '55 ; J. W. Sawin, '58, '59; 
H. L. Richardson, '61, '62, '63; O. L. 
Watson, '65, '66; — Risdon, '79; W. G. 
Church, '80 and '81. 

There might have been physicians in 
town previous to any named, but I have 
no such record or evidence. In addition 
to those named, other physicians have 
lived in town, among whom is Dr. Zela 
Richardson, a son of Frederick Richard- 
son, who was one of the first inhabitants 
of Stowe. The Dr. was born in Stowe in 
Dec. 1799, went to Castleton when about 
22 years of age, and studied for the pro- 
fession under Dr. Thompson, and com- 
menced practicing according to the Thomp- 
sonian system in Brandon and vicinity in 
about 1824. He moved to Stowe in 1833, 
and practiced some there till 1840, when 
he moved to where Silas Mead now re-' 
sides in Moretown, where he lived until 
1846, when he moved across the river to 
Middlesex village, where he has ever since 
resided, but for the last thirty years he has 
nearly discontinued practice. 

Among others who have lived and prac- 
ticed in town a short time each are a doc- 
tor by the name of Conant, and Dr. Spicer, 
Dr. Scott and a cancer doctor named Hill, 
and perhaps a few others. 

THE CLERGY OF THE TOWN. 

No record has been found of the first 
preaching in Middlesex, but it is known 
that about 1812 the Methodist minister of 
the Barre circuit preached occasionally in 
town, and that in 18 13, 

REV. STEPHEN HERRICK, 

of Randolph, took the place of the Baire 
circuit preacher, and in his circuit visited 
Middlesex often, and usually held meet- 
ings in the school-house, then standing on 
the north side of the road, very near the 
present line between the farms now occu- 
pied by Stephen Herrick and Joseph Ar- 
buckle. About the same time, 

NATHAN HUNTLEY 

organized a religious society, commonly 
called Elder Huntley's church, which in 
belief and manner of worship was nearest 



that of the Free Will Baptists. Elder 
Huntley continued his labors until about 
1822, when through his advice the society 
decided to disband, and many of the mem- 
bers joined the other churches. 

ELDER BENJAMIN CHATTERTON 

was probably a resident of Middlesex longer 
than any other preacher that has ever re- 
sided here. He was a member of Elder 
Huntley's church, and was ordained Elder, 
and commenced preaching soon after the 
society to which he belonged disbanded. 
He was a Free Will Baptist, and continued 
to preach in town occasionally until near 
his death. He was buried on the farm 
wliere he lived, on East Hill, now owned 
by Charles Silloway. 

A list of many of the clergymen who have 
labored in this town, with dates to show 
about what time they were preachers in 
Middlesex : John F. Adams, Methodist 
circuit preacher in 1821 ; E. B. Baxter 
Congregationalist, 183 1 ; Benjamin Chat 
terton, Free Will Baptist, 1834; E. G 
Page and Isaiah Emerson, Meth., '35 ; J 
T. Pierce, Cong., '38; Edward Copeland 
Meth., '39; Hiram Freeman, Cong., '39 
and '40 ; W. N. Peck, Meth., '40, '41 ; El- 
bridge Knight, Cong. ; and Wm. Peck and 
Israel Hale, Meth., '42 ; John H..Beckwith, 
Cong., and H. P. Cushman, Meth., '43, 
'44, '45 ; P. Merrill, Meth., '46; N. Web- 
ster in '47; D. Willis, Meth., '48; E. B. 
Fuller, Free Will Baptist, '51, '52; Joshua 
Tucker, Free Will Baptist, 'sS'i L. H. 
Hooker, Meth., and — Cummings, Free 
Will Baptist, '54; E. Dickerman, Meth., 
and O. Shipman, Free Will Baptist, '55, 
'56; Abner Newton, Meth., '57; J. S. 
Spinney, Meth., '58, '59; N. W. Aspin- 
wall, '60, '61 ; W. E. McAllister, Meth., 
'62, '63 ; T. Drew, Meth., '64; F. H. Rob- 
erts, '65, '66; A. Hitchcock, '67; Dyer 

Willis, '68; Goodrich, '69; W. A. 

Bryant, Meth., '71, '72, '73 ; O. A. Farley, 
'74, '75 j L. O. Sherburn, '76; C. S. Hurl- 
burt, '77, '78; T. Trevillian, '79, '80; 
W. H. Dean, '81. 

EARLY INCIDENTS AND ANECDOTES. 
The following account of the hardships 
of the first family who made a settlement 



MIDDLESEX. 



239 



in this town, from Deining's Vermont Offi- 
cers, 1851, written by Horace Holden: 

' ' Thomas Mead was the first settler in 
tlie town and the first in the county. He 
came from Westford, Mass., having pur- 
chased a right of land in Middlesex. He 
came as far as Royalton with his wife and 
two or three children. Here he shouldered 
his gun, knapsack and ax, and set forward 
alone to find Middlesex, on Winooski 
river. He went from Brookfield through 
the woods to the head of Dog river, fol- 
lowing that down to its junction with the 
Winooski, and over that river to Middle- 
sex, having informed his wife that in a 
given time he should return, unless he sent 
her word to the contrary. On his arrival 
he found Mr. Jonah Harrington had made 
a pitch, and commenced chopping about 2 
miles below Montpelier village, where he 
tarried till morning when he went down the 
river about 3 miles to the farm now owned 
by Thomas Stowell, where was formerly a 
tavern. Here he made his ''pilch,'''' and 
a very good one too for a farmer ; but had 
he continued down to the village of Mid- 
dlesex it might have been much better 
around the falls in that place. 

" He was so pleased with swinging his ax 
among the trees on his own land, subsist- 
ing on such game as he took with wooden 
traps and his gun, that his promise to his 
wife to return was not fulfilled. She be- 
came alarmed about him, procured a horse, 
loaded it with provisions, and set forth to 
find her husband ; following up White 
river to its source in Granville, thence 
down Mad river through Warren, Waits- 
field and Moretown to its junction with 
the Winooski about half a mile below 
Middlesex village, crossed that river and 
travelled up it about one mile, where, to 
her joy and his surprise, she found her 
husband in the afternoon of the third day, 
doing a good business among the maples, 
elms and butternuts. From Royalton to 
Rochester she had a bridle path, then to 
Middlesex were only marked or spotted 
trees ; was often under the necessity of un- 
loading her horse to get him past fallen 
timber, and often had to lead him some 
distance. Mr. Mead's family soon moved 



into town. Mr. Mead's third son, Joel, 
was born in Lebanon, N. H., Jan. 18, 
1785, she having gone there for better ac- 
commodations than Middle.sex then af- 
forded. Some time in June, 1785, Mrs. 
Mead was gone from home on a very 
cloudy afternoon. Mrs. Mead had to 
look for her cows, which ran in the woods 
at large. She started in good season, 
leaving three small children, one a nursing 
infant 5 months old, alone in the house. 
Not hearing the bell on the cows, she 
took their tracks and followed down the 
river about i^ miles, found where they 
had fed apparently most of the day, but 
no bell to be heard. She then sought 
their tracks, and found they had gone 
down the river, and over "Hog back 
mountain" to Waterbury, one of the 
roughest places in all creation, almost; 
but cows must be found, or children go to 
bed supperless. She made up her mind 
to "go ahead," and crossing the almost 
impassible mountain, and following on, 
found the cows near the present railroad 
depot in Waterbury, 6 or 7 miles from 
home . 

"By this time it had become dark, and 
backed up by a tremendous thunder- 
shower, rendered it so dark, that return- 
ing over that mountain in the night was 
out of cjuestion. In this unpleasant sit- 
uation, she found her way to Mr. James 
Marsh's, the only hut in that village, and 
stayed till the first appearance of daylight, 
when she started her cows for home on a 
double quick time, where she safely ar- 
rived before any of her children had com- 
pleted their morning nap. She concluded 
the children had so long a crying spell 
before going to sleep, they did not awake 
as early as usual." 

About 1795, Mr. M.ead kept a few 
sheep, the only sheep kept in town at that 
time. He had to keep a close watch of 
them and yard them nights, to keep them 
from falling a prey to the bears that were 
then plenty in the woods. 

One morning he found his sheep had 
broken out of their pen, and following 
them a short distance northerly from his 
house, he found a sheep that had been 



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VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



killed and partly eaten by the bears. He 
returned to his house, took his gun, and 
started in search of the intruders. He had 
not proceeded far into the woods before he 
came in sight of a bear that was on the re- 
treat. He proceeded cautiously after bruin, 
keeping the bear to the windward, and fol- 
lowed up the hill in a northern direction, 
until he came near the top of the hill, when 
he again came in sight of his game, and 
was skulking along to get a better chance 
to shoot, when his wife, who had become 
alarmed by his absence and followed him, 
came in sight and halloed to him. This 
started the bear, but a quick shot rolled 
the sheep-thief over on the ground lifeless. 
The courageous woman told her husband 
she had seen another bear while she was 
searching for him, and they started back 
in the direction where she had seen it. 
They had not proceeded far when they 
came in sight of the second bear, which 
Mr. Mead also killed with one shot from 
his faithful gun. They then returned 
towards where the sheep had been killed, 
thinking to pick up and save the wool that 
had been scattered by the carniverous 
shearers. 

As they came in sight of the spot, bruin 
number three was finishing his morning 
meal. Mr. Mead immediately settled his 
account with this bear in the same way he 
settled with the other two, and went home 
feeling very well after his before-breakfast 
exercise. He then informed the few neigh- 
bors in town of what he had done, who 
collected together, helped get the three 
bears out of the woods and dress them, 
and all had a "jovial time" and joyful 
feast. 

As the number of settlements in town 
increased, the bears became less numerous, 
and when one was seen it was often the 
occasion of a lively and exciting chase. 
Sometimes nearly all the men within four 
or five miles would join in the chase, or 
surround the woods in which the bear was 
known to be, and lucky was the animal 
if he escaped unharmed. Three bears were 
killed one year at three such hunts. At 
one time, about the year 1830, a bear was 
discovered somewhere near the spot where 



the guide-board now is, near the Centre, 
and "all hands" started in pursuit. Geo. 
Holden, then living at the Centre, where 
Mrs. Daniels now resides, started with a 
pitchfork, the weapon he happened to have 
in his hands when he first heard the cry, 
"a bear! a bear!" The bear was chased 
down towards theWinooski, and made his 
way to somewhere near the river on the 
Governor's Rights, where, being worried 
by dogs and hotly pursued by men, he un- 
dertook to climb a tree that stood on a 
very steep side-hill. Mr. Holden, then a 
strong, courageous young man, was near, 
and ran to the foot of the tree as the bear 
was hitching up it, and stuck the pitchfork 
into the bear's posterior. Bruin , not liking 
10 be helped up in that way, dropped upon 
his hind feet, and threw his fore feet around 
Mr. Holden's body. Holden at the same 
time seized the bear "at a back-hug hold," 
and they tumbled over on the ground, and 
rolled over and over to the foot of the hill, 
and some say into the river, where they 
quit their holds, and bruin ran until he was 
out of the way of men and pitchforks, and 
went up another tree. The word spread 
rapidly that the bear was up a tree, and the 
men gathered together and commenced 
shooting at him. Many shots had been 
fired when Horace Holden put in an ap- 
pearance. After amusing himself and 
others present for a few minutes by crack- 
ing jokes and telling stories at the expense 
of the sharp-shooters, who were too ex- 
cited to kill a bear, he expressed a desire to 
try it himself. No sooner did his rifle 
crack than the bear loosened his hold on 
the tree and fell to the ground. 

FIRST SETTLEMENTS IN THE EAST PART 
OF THE TOWN. 

Jacob Putnam settled where Elijah Whit- 
ney now lives in 1802 ; Micah Hatch on 
the old Hatch place, so-called, the same 
year; Wm. Lewis on the Lathrop Lewis 
farm in 1805 ; John Arbuckle where Put- 
nam Daley now lives, about 1808; Lewis 
McElroy where Dudley Jones now lives, in 

1822; Caleb Bailey and York lived 

on the George Herrick farm in 1823 ; Ich- 
abod Cummings began on the Ziba Smith 
farm in 1824, lived there one year, and re- 



MIDDLESEX. 



241 



moved the next year to the farm where he 
with his Oramel, now live ; Daniel Colby 
lived on the farm where Frank Maxham 
and son now live, in 1826. 

The most ancient writings with a pen 
in town, are probably in the possession of 
James Vaughn, among which is a book 
commenced by George Vaughn in Oct. 
1687 ; the writing done by him being very 
neatly executed, and a commission of 
1696, given here et literatem : 

"William Stoughton Esqr Lieutent 
Governour and Comander in chief in and 
over his Matys Province of the lllasssa- 
chusetts Bay in New England. To Jo- 
seph Vaughn Greeting, By virtue of the 
power and authority in and by his Matys 
Royal Commission to me granted, I do by 
these presents constitute and appoint you 
to be Ensign of the Foot Company of Mili- 
tia in the Town of Middleboro within 
the County of Plimouth whereof Jacob 
Thompson Gent is Lieutenant. You are 
therefore carefully and diligently to dis- 
charge the duties of an Ensign by order- 
ing and Exercising the sd Company in 
arms both Inferiour Officers and Souldiers 
Keeping them in good order and Disci- 
pline, Commanding them to obey you as 
their ensign, And yourself to observe and 
follow such orders and directions as you 
shall receive from your sd Lieutenant and 
other your Superiour Officers, according to 
the Rules and Discipline of War pursuant 
to the trust reposed in you. Given under 
my hand & seal at arms at Boston the 
Fifth day of August, 1696, In the Eighth 
year of the Reign of our sovereign, Lord 
William the Third, by the Grace of God, 
of England, Scotland, France and Ireland, 
King, Defender of the Faith, &c. 

By Command of the Lieut. Governor., &c. 
Wm. Stoughton." 

Jsa. Addington, Secr'y. 

THE MIDDLESEX MONEY DIGGERS. 

" May Martin, or The Money Diggers," 
by D. P. Thompson, is known to be found- 
ed upon the fact that men dug here for 
money, at the foot of the nearly perpendic- 
ular drop of a hundred feet or more from 
the southerly part of the highest peak of 
Camel's Hump. It was commenced by a 
few men in 1824 or '25, who built a shanty 
there, one side a large piece of detached 
ledge, the other three sides, log of un- 
trimmed spruce and fir, quite young ; the 



roof formed by drawing in the trees as 
they neared the top, until the boughs met 
the ledge above, which shelter being pro- 
tected from the north and west winds by 
the high ledge, made a warm and com- 
fortable place, under which the men pro- 
fessed to dig in search of the treasure sup- 
posed to have been secreted by Capt. Kidd 
somewhere on this continent. They were 
in part directed in their search by a woman 
living towards the North part of tlie State, 
who claimed to see into unsearchable things 
by looking into a transparent quartz stone 
or piece of glass. This company subsisted 
mainly by duping the nearest settlers so as 
to get them to furnish food. One man let 
them have his sheep to eat until they had 
devoured a large flock, he expecting good 
pay when the treasure should be found. 
Many were the conjectures as to the object 
of these money-diggers. Some thought 
they were a band of counterfeiters, others 
that they were a set of thieves, while a few 
thought they were honestly digging for 
money, and were hopeful for their success. 

Their work was brought to a close by a 
party of young men from Middlesex, among 
whom was Enos Stiles, who gives the fol- 
lowing account of their expedition, he be- 
ing the only one of the party now alive : 

Dec. II, 1826, between 8 and 9 o'clock 
in the evening, Ira McElroy, Calvin Farrar, 
Amos L. Rice, Archy McElroy, Jerry Mc- 
Elroy, Alexander M. Allen and Enos Stiles 
started from Middlesex village for Camel's 
Hump, with a view to discover what they 
could of the work or object of the money- 
diggers there, and were accompanied by 
Nathaniel Carpenter, then a justice of the 
peace, who went to act as an official if 
any arrests should be made. As they 
started, it so happened Danforth Stiles, 
from the east part of Middlesex, one Hink- 
son and one Reed were on their way to the 
mountain, and fell in with them. There 
was no temperance law then to forbid, no 
Good Templars to interfere, and acting 
upon the principle that which contained 
the most heat and stimulus was the best 
beverage for a long journey in a winter's 
night, they took two gallons of new rum 
for drink with them, and what provisions 



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VERMONT HISTORICAL MAGAZINE. 



needed beside. Leaving their teams at 
Ridley's tavern, now Ridley's Station, they 
took their provision and drink, and pro- 
ceeded on foot to the mountain, about 6 
miles distant. Esq. Carpenter stopped at 
the last house at the foot of the mountain 
to await for business, if needed, and the 
other seven of the party kept on up the 
steep mountain, through some two or three 
miles of thick forest. 

When about half way up, after crossing 
a spruce ridge and coming into hard wood 
where it was lighter, they called the roll, 
and found one man missing. Three men 
were detailed to go back and find him, 
which they did some one-third mile back, 
lying in the snow fast asleep, having ap- 
parently fallen asleep and dropped out of 
line unnoticed by the rest of the party. 
Nothing more of note occurred until they 
arrived in the early break of day at the 
headquarters of the money-diggers, where 
they found Rodney Clogston, of Middle- 
sex, the leader of the band, one Shackford, 
Eastman, and Friezell, up, dressed, with a 
good fire burning before the shanty. 

After looking over the premises a little, 
four of the party went up to the top, and 
were there at sunrise playing a game of 
cards. The south wind was blowing warm, 
and they suffered no inconvenience from 
cold. It had been warm for a number of 
days, and the snow was not very deep at 
that time. After taking breakfast, well- 
washed down, the Middlesex party com- 
menced a thorough search for goods, coin- 
ing implements, treasures or excavations, 
which continued till about i o'clock p. m., 
and resulted in finding nothing except a 
little digging done inside of the shanty in 
the ledge that formed one of its sides, 
about what might have been done by two 
men with powder, good drills and a sledge 
in one day. 

Giving up searching, the party came to- 
gether at the camp and had a social time, 
until some were feeling pretty well, when 
one man said he did not want to trouble 
the camp for anything, and offered to pur- 
chase one cent's worth of meat, which was 
dealt out to him. 

Then some of the boys, being possessed 



of evil spirits as well as good, commenced 
to break spruce twigs and put them on the 
fire for the. fun of seeing them burn ; this 
made a division, and two opposing parties 
were formed. Two of the men from the 
east part of the town sided with the dig- 
gers, and one remained silent and neutral, 
which made six against seven, when the 
invaders commenced piling on larger brush, 
and soon had the shanty in a rousing blaze. 
The diggers defended their property smartly 
by words, and declared that their things 
should all burn and the boys would be 
compelled to pay for them ; but no fighting 
was donfe, and before the fire reached any 
of their things they made a rush and saved 
their trumpery, and let the shanty burn. 
The bmsh was so dry, the blaze shot into 
the air some fifty feet, making a splendid 
sight, but the diggers' lodge was reduced 
to ashes. In less than two hours after, the 
money-diggers were all on the march for 
home, thus ending the digging for Captain 
Kidd's treasures on Camel's Hump. 

THE COLDEST NIGHT HERE 

in the month of July since the year iSi6, 
was probably in 1829. Enos Stiles relates 
that he worked at haying for Elijah Holden 
on the farm where Gardner Sawyer now 
resides, in 1829, and that he and two 
other men who were mowing on the loth 
of July threw down their whetstones on a 
swath of hay, one above another, and that 
when he took up the upper stone on the 
morning of the nth, the stones were 
frozen together so that he raised the three 
together when he lifted the top one. But 
he says the frost did not seriously injure 
the growing crops. 

FIRES. 

The only fire in town supposed to be in- 
cendiary was that burning the store, tavern- 
house and barns standing where B. Bar- 
rett's store and tavern now stand, and 
owned in 1835 by a man named Mann. 
In May, that year, the buildings, with 3 or 
4 horses and one ox, were burned, and 
Simeon Edson, who kept tavern where J. 
Q. Hobart now lives, was arrested on 
charge of setting the fire. At a justice 
trial the jury found him guilty, and he was 



MIDDLESEX. 



243 



lodged in jail to await County Court trial. 
After being in jail for some time, he got 
bail, and never appeared at trial, and as 
there was lack of good proof, his bonds 
were never called for. 

THE SAP-FEEDER, 

SO generally used by maple sugar-makers 
to run the sap into the pans or evaporators 
as fast as it evaporates, was invented by 
the late Moses Holden, Esq., who for 
many years owned and carried on the 
sugar-place about 2 miles from his home 
in the village ; was a part of the Scott farm. 
He was a large, strong man, a great 
worker, and seldom had any help in sugar- 
ing, and often felt the need of having his 
sap boiling safely when he was away. 
Hearing a description of a floating con- 
trivance for regulating the amount of water 
running into the flume of a certain mill, gave 
him an idea about regulating the sap running 
into his sap-pans, and he went to Montpelier 
and told one of the tinmen there what he 
wanted made. The tinman would have 
nothing to do with it for fear of ridicule in 
case of a failure ; but going to another tin- 
shop, the tinman made the feeder accord- 
ing to directions, and only asked for a 
chance to make more if it proved a suc- 
cess. Mr. Holden took his invention 
home, elevated his sap-holder, put on his 
feeder, and started a fire. It worked well 
during the day, and when he left at night, 
he filled his holder with sap and his arch 
with wood, and when he returned in the 
morning, found his holder nearly empty 
and everything right. He never applied 
for a patent, but used this first feeder as 
long as he sugared, and it is still used by 
Wm. Scott, who bought the sugar-place. 

Moses Holden died in May, 1878, at an 
advanced age. He had always been a res- 
ident of the town, had represented it in 
the Legislature twice, and had filled many 
offices of trust and responsibility. Many 
stories are told of his physical strength, 
one of them being to the effect that he has 
been known to cut and split 8 cords of three- 
foot wood in one day. He could lift up a 
full barrel of cider, hold it, and drink from 
the bunof-hole. 



BURYING GROUNDS. 

At an early date, Hon. Seth Putnam 
deeded his one-acre lot in the white pine 
division, which is in the village, on the 
east side of the street opposite the railroad 
depot, to the town for a burying ground. 
The yard is well fenced, and kept in as 
good condition as the scanty room will ad- 
mit. I have not learned who was the first 
person buried there, and the