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Full text of "The history of Waterford, Oxford County, Maine, comprising Historical address, by Henry P. Warren; record of families, by Rev. William Warren, D.D.; centennial proceedings, by Samuel Warren, esq"

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NOTICE. 

We call special attention to the Index at the close 
of the hook, as there you will find every SUBJECT treated 
of; and every NAME mentioned in the volume recorded, 
with the pages on which they may be found. 



V. '^ 



/ 



THE HISTORY 



OF 



WATE^FOI[D, OXFOIjD COUf(TY, MjlIN 



COMPRISING 

HISTORICAL ADDRESS, 

By Henry P. Warren; 

RECORD OF FAMILIES, 

By Rev. William Warren, d.d.; 

CENTENNIAL PROCEEDINGS, 

By Samuel Warren, Esq. 



PUBLISHED BY DIRECTION OF THE TOWN. 



PORTLAND: 

HOYT, FOGG & DONHAM, 

1879. 



PRINTED BY B. THURSTON & CO. 



Vx/ 



PREFACE. 



This book has grown out of the Centennial Cele- 
bration of Sept. 1, 1875. 

The Address is, in plan, the same as given at the 
Centennial. It was kept in this form rather than 
thrown into the topical order usually followed in 
local history, to retain the life and symmetry of the 
subject-matter. In the Address there is much of 
general history, notably in " The Sketch of Maine in 
1775," "Separation from Massachusetts," and "Trans- 
portation Facilities ; " but as the particular is best 
understood when given in relation to the general 
and comprehensive, we think that this fact needs no 
justification. 

But few authorities have been named, as the 
sources from which local history is drawn are well- 
nigh innumerable. 

The Family Records were an after thought. We 



iv;i27S87; 



VI PREFACE. 

regret that they are not more complete, but a cor- 
respondence impossible nnJer the circumstances 
would be necessary to any essential enlargement of 
them. 

The report of the Centennial is complete, so far 
as its Editor could make it. All speakers were in- 
vited to send a copy of their remarks, most of whom 
complied. 

Each editor is solely responsible for his part of 
the book. 

Each family has now in print the skeleton of its 
history. We hope it will insert any facts that may 
be gathered, and send a copy to Henry P. Warren, 
Gorham, Maine. 

We thank all our friends who have helped us in 
gathering what is chronicled in this book. May we 
particularize Jabez Brown (deceased), Thaddeus 
Brown, and Josiah Monroe, whose aid has been well- 
nigh invaluable ? 

We offer this book to the town — at whose expense 
it is published — with the heartfelt wish that it may 
do something toward fostering that local interest and 
pride, which are powerful incentives to good citizen- 
ship. 



CONTENTS. 



HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

I. History of the Grant and Survey of 

Waterford, 1690-1775, . . 9-29 

II. Plantation History of Waterford, 

1775-1797, 30-68 

III. Town History, 1797-1820, before 
separation, ..... 69-113 

IV. Town History, 1820-1875, after sep- 
aration, ..... 141-224 

RECORD OF FAMILIES, .... 225-310 

CENTENNIAL PROCEEDINGS, 1875, . 311-344 

MEMORIAL OF REV. JOHN A. DOUGLASS, 345-357 

INDEXES : 

I. Of Subjects, 357-360 

II. Of Surnames, .... 361-371 



HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 



We are met to-day, my townsmen, to celebrate 
no brave deed of arms. There is no Concord 
Bridge nor Bunker Hill in Waterford. You have 
come to hear the homely story of how a few brave 
men and women conquered a wilderness. 

For a hundred years, — ending 1763, — the New 
England Colonies and Canada were in active hostili- 
ty, or recruiting their strength during an armed 
truce. National hate and provincial jealousy con- 
spired to make the struggle between England and 
France in the new world pitiless and obstinate. 

Three generations of New England farmers were 
trained in the savage school of frontier warfare, un- 
til there were bred into them the traditions of the 
soldier. The heroes, who met and worsted British 
Regulars at Bunker Hill, Bennington, and Saratoga, 
were trained in the old French wars; they were 
comrades of Putnam, Warner, Stark, and Prescott. 
2 



10 , HISTORICAL ADDEESS. 

During these years innumerable expeditions were 
sent against the chain of forts which guarded the 
approaches to Canada and the fisheries of the Gulf 
of St. Lawrence. 

The French retaliated with war parties of Canadi- 
ans and Indians, who devastated the frontier settle- 
ments of New England until, in 1690, there were 
left in all the Province of Maine only four towns, — 
Wells, York, Kittery, and Appledore, or the Isles of 
Shoals. 

That year the colonies determined to carry the 
war into Africa, so they fitted out a double expedi- 
tion against the Canadas. The part composed of 
troops from Connecticut, New York, and western 
Massachusetts was to march against Montreal by the 
way of Hudson River and Lake Champlain. The 
other, composed for the most part of troops from 
eastern Massachusetts, under the command of Sir 
William Phipps, was sent against the city of Quebec. 
Both attempts wretchedly failed. There was raw 
bravery enough, but little skill. Camp diseases 
thinned the ranks of the little army besieging Que- 
bec ; after a few skirmishes it re-embarked ; storms 
accompanied the fleet on its homeward route. At 
length the shattered transports straggled into Bos- 
ton harbor. The pious fathers and sisters of Mount 
Royal were as sure that Providence had worsted the 
English as were the clergy of New England that the 



PHIPP'S EXPEDITION. 11 

same kind agency scattered the fleet of d'Anville, 
fifty years later. 

The expenses of the expedition were enormous, 
considering the resources of the infant colony. 
Phipps had paid the cost of his enterprise against 
Nova Scotia, in the spring of that year, by plunder- 
ing the wretched Frenchmen; Massachusetts ex- 
pected to pay the charges of this by appropriating 
the revenues and trade of Canada, when conquered. 
In her extremity she issued paper money in amounts 
ranging from 2s. to £10; the whole sum put into 
circulation was £50,000. This was the first expe- 
rience of New England people with incontroverti- 
ble paper money, the blood-bought currency that 
our demagogues tell us of New England liked it 
then just as well as she does now. In spite of the 
fact that the credit of Massachusetts was pledged to 
its future redemption, the soldiers grumbled and de- 
manded something tangible. The colony, though 
destitute of money, was rich in lands. Besides the 
millions of unappropriated acres in the District of 
Maine, there were great tracts in central Massachu- 
setts and in the territory between the Merrimack 
and Connecticut rivers (then in dispute between 
Massachusetts and New Hampshire), comprisino" 
what is now Cheshire and the greater part of Hills- 
borough, Merrimack, and Sullivan counties, New 
Hampshire. 



12 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

Oar Massachusetts fathers, shrewdly reasoning 
that possession is nine points in the law at the least, 
concluded to grant a part of this disputed tract to 
the soldiers, or heirs of those who had fought in the 
different French and Indian wars, giving eight town- 
ships to those who served under Sir William Phipps, 
in 1690 in his expedition against the Canadas. 
These are known in history as the Canada Town- 
ships/ Massachusetts had another object in view, 
beside barring the claim of New Hampshire, by pre- 
occupying these lands ; she hoped by pushing settle- 
ments into the wilderness to protect the older parts 



1 Massachusetts granted thirty-seven townships, in all, in this dis- 
puted territory, most of them for military services in the French and 
Indian wars. The eight townships in New Hampshire granted for 
services in the expedition of 1690, under Sir William Phipps, were 
Bakers-town (Salisbury), Sylvester Canada (Richmond) (Turner, Me.), 
Beverly Canada (Dunbarton), Ipswich Canada (New Ipswich), Todds- 
town (Henuiker) (Waterford, Me.), Salem Canada (Lyndeborough), 
Rowley Canada (Rindge) (Bridgton, Me.), and Bow. 

The Maine townships indicated in the above list were subsequently 
granted in lieu of the townships that were surrendered in New Hamp- 
shire. Three townships in Maine, Raymond, Sudbury Canada (Bethel), 
and Phipps Canada (Jay), two townships in Massachusetts, Dorchester 
Canada (Ashburnham) and Roxbury Canada (Warwick), were original 
grants for services in the same expedition. Most of the townships in 
Cumberland county, except those on the sea coast, Buxton in York 
county, Lovell, Sweden, Fryeburg, Stow, Bethel, Rumford, and Water- 
ford in Oxford county. Jay in Franklin county, and Turner in Andro- 
scoggin county, were grants for military services during the hundred 
years of Indian warfare, ending with the expulsion of the French from 
Canada. 



LAND TITLES. l3 

of the Province against Canadian and Indian inva- 
sions. 

One of the companies in the Canadian expedition 
of 1690 was from the counties of Middlesex and 
Worcester, Mass., and was commanded by Capt. An- 
drew Gardner. In 1735, Massachusetts gave John 
Whitman and others, soldiers or heirs to soldiers in 
Capt. Gardner's company, a tract of land six miles 
square, the sixth in the line of towns granted to the 
Suncook proprietors, so called. The present name 
of this town is Henniker, N. H. It was known as 
Todds-town, or No. 6, for the first few years of its 
history. 

The grantees held possession of their townships 
but a few years, for in 1739 the king of England, 
who had been made arbiter in the dispute between 
New Hampshire and Massachusetts, decided in favor 
of the claim of New Hampshire, and the line was 
run as it now is. Twenty-eight new townships were 
thereby transferred to New Hampshire. 

This decision destroyed the title by which the 
proprietors of these Canada townships in south- 
western New Hampshire held their lands. Some 
made terms with the Masonian proprietors of New 
Hampshire; others abandoned their lands and ap- 
plied to the Province of Massachusetts for relief; 
among the latter were the proprietors of Todds- 
town. Under date of Feb. 26, 1774, they sent to 



14 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

the General Court of Massachusetts the following 
petition : 

PROTINCE OF THE MASSACHUSETTS BAY. 

To his Excellency, Thomas Hutchinson, Captain General and Com- 
mander in Chief in and over this Province. 
To the Honorable, His Majesty's Council and to the Honorable 
House of Representatives in General Court aforesaid assembled, 
Feb. 26, 1774. 

The petitions of the subscribers in behalf of ourselves and 
others, grantees of the township No. 6 in the line of towns, hum- 
bly showeth that the great and general Court of this Province, at 
their session, 1735, granted a township of the contents of six miles 
square, being IsTo. 6 in the lines of towns between the Connecticut 
and Merrimack rivers; that the grantees were at very considerable 
expense in clearing its roads, building mills, etc., etc., in said 
township; that by the late running of the line between this gov- 
ernment and the government of New Hampshire the said town- 
ship was taken into the government of New Hampshire, and your 
petitioners and their associates have lost their interests therein, 
together with the money expended for bringing forward the set- 
tlement of said township. 

Your petitioners humbly request that your excellency and hon- 
ors would in your known wisdom and practice grant petitioners 
and other grantees and proprietors of township No. 6, in lieu 
thereof, a township in some of the unappropriated lands in the 
eastward part of the Province, or otherwise relieve your petitioners 
as your excellency and your honors in your wisdom shall think 
proper, and your petitioners, as in duty bound, shall ever pray. 

John Gardner. 
Stephen Maynard. 
Seth Rice. 



LAND TITLES. 15 

The following is the answer to the above Petition. 

Feb. 24, 1774. 

Oa the petition of John Gardner and others in behalf of them- 
selves and the proprietors of a township of the contents of six 
miles square, — granted to John Whitman and others, — called No. 
6 in the line of towns between the Connecticut and Merrimack 
rivers, 

WJiereas, It appeai-s that the proprietors of said township ex- 
pended much money and labor in making roads and other ways 
bringing forward the settlement of said township, and that the 
whole of said township fell within the limits of said government of 
New Hampshire, for which the grantees have received no consid- 
eration from this Province of New Hampshire, 

Therefore, resolved: That in lieu thereof there be granted to the 
proprietors and legal representatives or assigns of the original 
grantees, who were sufferers by losing their lands, a township of 
seven miles square in the unappropriated lands belonging to this 
Province. Provided; that the grantees settle thirty families in 
said township within six years, and lay out one sixty-fourth part 
for the use of the first settled minister,^ and one sixty-fourth part 
for the grammar school ,2 and one sixty-fourth part for Harvard 
College.^ 

1 There were three lota known as the Ministerial Lots, L. 9, R. 5, L. 2, K. 
12, and L. 15, R. 14; the latter was in the three tiers set off to Norway. 
Mr. Ripley cleared a few acres in L. 9, R. 5, and used it for a pasture; this 
lot was afterward sold for $667.00. L. 2, R. 12 was sold for $196.00 and 
four-fifths of L. 15, R. 14 was sold for $51.00. These sums make up the 
ministerial fund, the interest of which is divided pro rata among the 
four churches. 

2 There were three School Lots, L. 4, R. 3, L. 9, R. 16, the third lot was 
in the three tiers set off to Norway. These lots were sold for about $1,000. 
This $1,000 constitutes what is called the school fund. Both the ministeri- 
al and school fund are loaned to present or past citizens of Waterford, who 
are required by law to give indorsed notes. Some of these notes have be- 
come worthless. 

3 L. 10, R. 10 was known as the Harvard College Lot. It was covered 
with heavy growth of pine timber. It was sold very early in the town's 
history. Two of the college lots were in the three tiers set off to Norway. 



16 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

Provided, also, that said township be laid out adjoining to some 
former grant in that part of the unappropriated lands lying east of 
the Saco river, and Col. Whitcomb and Capt. Gardner, of Cam- 
bridge, with such as the honorable board, the council, may join, 
be a committee to determine who are to be admitted as proprietors 
in said township; and if any of the grantees of said township No. 
6 shall appear to have been compensated, that said committee 
shall admit other sufferers in their stead, the expenses of said 
committee to be paid by said grantees. 

Provided, also, that said proprietors return a plan taken by a 
surveyor and chainman under oath into the secretary of State's 
office within one year, for confirmation. 

In council read and concurred in, and Artemus Ward is joined. 

In the month of May of this year an outline map 
of this township, afterward Waterford, was left 
with the secretary of State in Boston. The state- 
ment that accompanies this plan reads as follows : 

Land granted to the Suncook proprietors. A plan of the town- 
ship, of the contents of seven miles square, granted by the General 
Assembly of the State of Massachusetts Bay lo the Kev. John 
Gardner, in lieu of a township granted to John Whitman and 
others that fell within the limits of New Hampshire on running 
the lines between the State aforesaid and the said State of New 
Hampshire, with an allowance of one rod in thirty for swag of 
chain, with an allowance of 2,500 acres for ponds; said plan was 
taken by a surveyor and two chainmen on oath and returned into 
the secretary's office in May, 1774. 

The lands north, east, and west were at that time 
ungranted and unsurveyed, and the north-eastern 
boundary of Bridgton was not well defined. The 
two north-western lots, 1 and 2, Kange 14, beyond 



SUKVEY OF WATERFORD. 



17 



the Kezar ponds, were considered worthless by the 
surveyor, so lines were not run around them ; fifty 
years later they were valuable timber lots. The 
surveyor could not find the north-west boundary 
line of Bridgton,^ so he surveyed but half lots in the 
south-west corner of the town, — Range 1, lots 1, 2, 
3, 4, — and in compensation for the loss took from 
the unassigned State lands on the north of Water- 
ford, now Albany, lots 1, 2, 3, 4, in north Range 1. 

This survey, ordered by the State, was preliminary 
to the survey ordered by the proprietors. The first 
survey outlined the town, the second supplied the 
Range and cross lines, or in local phrase, the warp 
and filling. Mr. Jabez Brown, of Stow, Mass., and 
Col. Joseph Frye, of Pequawkett,2 with ten assist- 



1 That part of Bridgton was not lotted until 1793, and was very im- 
perfectly surveyed. 

2 Fryeburg, 

I give the meanings of some of the Indian names that were applied 
to ponds, rivers, and localities in this section of Maine, copied from 
the Reports of the Maine Historical Society, volume 4, which may be 
received for what they are worth; probably not strictly accurate. 

Androscoggin, high fish place. 

Casco, place of victoiy. 

Coos, cuckoo. 

Keersarge, high place. 

Ossipee, pine river. 

Penacook, nut place. 

Pequawkett, crooked place, pelican, sandy land. 

Suncook, goose place. [For others see note next page.] 



18 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

ants, conducted this second survey commencing 
early in the summer of 1774. It was their inten- 
tion to divide the town into lots of 160 acres each. 

The land was of little value, the hills and ponds 
were just as numerous then as now, their time was 
limited, so the surveyors run their lines carelessly. 
The cross lines north and south were run at very 
unequal distances from each other, the extremes of 
inequality being in the ratio of 7 to 12. Tradition 
says the Range lines east and west were run as fol- 
lows : One surveyor took the east the other took 
the west township lines, hoping to meet ; sometimes 
they met, more often they did not, thus making 
"jogs." The unequal distance of our cross lines ac- 
counts in the main for the inequality in area of our 
lots, varying in size as they do from 120 to 254 
acres ; the careless running of those Range lines ex- 
plains our "jog" lots. 

The surveyors feared that they would not com- 
plete their work before winter, so in the fall of 1774 
Mr. Russell, of Pequawkett, was added to the survey- 
ing party. He had a fancy that it was not neces- 
sary to set a compass but once in running a line. 



Sebago or Tabaga, meeting of waters or great water. 
Songo, where the trap sprung and failed to catch the game. 
Saccarappa, where it empties toward the rising sun. 
Sabattis. This is a corruption of Jean Baptiste, a name often given 
Indian converts by the French missionaries. 



SURVEY OF WATERFORD. 19 

This conceit of his may account for some of the 
most ragged lines. Chaplin's map, while generally 
accurate, fails to show all the eccentricities in the 
lots of Waterford. 

The surveying party was supplied with food by a 
pack man, Daniel Barker,^ who " backed " provisions 
from Stevens Brook.'^ After finishing their work 
the surveyors compared notes and came to the fol- 
lowing conclusion ; that " the devil would be to pay " 
when settlers came in and found their 160 acre lots 
varying in size from 120 to 254 acres, and that they 
would grow dizzy in trying to follow the zigzag 
Eange lines. 

Tradition says that later the proprietors sent sur- 
veyors to re-run the lots ; but settlers had come in 
and the surveyors saw that it would lead to endless 
confusion, so they returned to Boston, leaving the 
snarl of lines unraveled. The proprietors now threw 
their lands on the market. 



1 This Barker, who afterward settled on lot 3, R. 4, was a giant in 
strength. He would leave his house, near the foot of Meeting House 
hill, in the morning, walk over Beech hill to Major Samuel Warren's, — 
four miles, — reap an acre of rye, bind and shock it, take a bushel of 
corn for his pay, and " back " it home. 

2 Bridgton Center. The mills were half way between the lower vil- 
lage at Bridgton Center and Long pond. They were built by Jacob 
Stevens, of Andover, Mass. 



20 



HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 



Let US briefly glance at Maine as it was one hun- 
dred years ago. The Province at that time was di- 
vided into three counties, York, Cumberland, and 
Lincoln. This division was made in 1760.^ York 
county included the territory within its present lim- 
its. Flints-town,^ Bridge-town,^ and the westerly half 
of Oxford county. The eastern county line run as 
now to the southern boundary line of Flints-town, 
thence it run to the center of Sebago pond, thence 
north through Sebago and Long ponds, between 
Waterford and Cummings Purchase,^ Oxford ^ and 
No. 4,^ Sudbury Canada^ and New Penacook,* to 
Canada line. 

Along the coast were old towns whose settlement 
dated back to the earliest history of New England. 
All of these, Kittery,^ Wells-town," Arundel," and 
Pepperelborough,^^ were settled before 1645, and 
most of them ten years earlier, as was Berwick," 



1 Previous to that date York county included the whole territory of 
the present State. York was the shire town, where all jury trials were 
held except those of a minor class. At that date the population of 
the Province was about 17,000. 

2 Baldwin, Sebago, and part of Naples. 

2 Bridgton, part of Harrison, and a part of Naples. 
* Norway. ^ Albany, 

6 Greenwood. ^ Bethel and Hanover. 

8 Rumford. » Kittery and Elliot. 

1° Wells and Kennebunk. " Kennebunkport. 

12 Saco. 18 Berwick, No. Berwick, and So. Berwick 

Wherever in this address the towns are not referred to in a foot note 
the name and limits are the same now as in 1775. 



SKETCH OF MAINE. 21 

Newichawannock of our early New England history. 
These towns had a population of about 10,000. 

Beside farming they manufactured lumber exten- 
sively, which they sent in ships, built in their own 
yards, to the coast towns and to the West Indies, 
exchanging it for the luxuries of tea, coffee, rum, 
molasses, and sugar, or for the manufactured goods of 
Europe, which they distributed through York county 
and upper New Hampshire until the railroads de- 
stroyed them as local centers of trade. What was 
true of the coast towns of York county was true of 
those of Cumberland. The relative importance of 
these towns then was tenfold greater than now, 
with the exception, perhaps, of Biddeford and 
Falmouth Neck (Portland). Their absolute wealth 
at that time was sufficient to give them a respecta- 
ble position among the old towns of Massachusetts. 

Back of this tier of coast towns was Berwick and 
what were called new towns, — Sanford,^ Lebanon, 
and Buxton. Above these towns were the following 
plantations, — Coxhall,^ Little Falls/ Hubbards-town,* 
Parson-town,^ Massabesic,^ Ossipee,^ Flints-town,^ 
Bridge-town,® the Pequawkett grant,^° Brownsfield," 

1 Sanford and Alfred. 

2 Lyman. SHollis. 

* Newfield. ^ Parsonsfleld. 
^ Waterborough. ^ Limington. 

* Baldwin. * Bridgton. 

10 Fryeburg and Stow. " Brownfield. 



22 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

and Sudbury Canada. These plantations, except 
Coxhall, the Pequawkett grant, and Brownsfield, 
were not settled until after 1767, and had but a 
handful of inhabitants each. The Pequawkett grant 
and Brownsfield had a population of five hundred or 
more.^ Sudbury Canada was a wilderness, save 
where Lieut. Nathaniel Segar had cleared a few 
acres in 1774. A few townships, as Waterford and 
New Suncook,^ had been surveyed and were await- 
ing settlers. 

Except at the three places that I have mentioned 
western Oxford county was an unsettled and for the 
most part an unsurveyed wilderness. 

Through the coast tier of towns to Falmouth 
Neck, and beyond to Georgetown,^ Belfast, and Ma- 
chiasport, wound a rough cart road, so near impassa- 
ble that twelve years later the stage was two days 
in making the trip from Portsmouth to Stroudwater, 
Falmouth Neck, — less than sixty miles. For fifteen 

1 Lovel and Sweden. 

2 Georgetown, Phipsburg, Arrowsic, and Bath. 

2 In 1768 Capt. H. Young Brown, the proprietor of Brownfield, who 
lived in Pequawkett, told Rev. Paul Coffin, d. d., that there were in 
Fryeburg and his town (Brownfield) 300 souls, 100 fighting men. This 
ratio of able bodied men to population, 1 to 3, held good in all the new 
towns for the first ten years of their liistory. Capt. Brown was an of- 
ficer in the French war and was a prominent man of his times in west- 
ern Maine. He owned at one time 23,544 acres of land, all the town- 
ship of Brownfield. 



SKETCH OF MAINE. 23 

years a postman had carried the mail to Falmouth 
Neck from Portsmouth over it, and tradition says 
that a brave dog during the last French war carried 
the mail tied around his neck from Portsmouth to 
Wells-town. The hero was shot by the Indians 
while on duty. 

From Pepperelborough north to Pequawkett, 
through Little Falls, Ossipee, and Brownsfield, ran 
a rude way, well nigh impassable for teams save in 
winter.^ In the summer the river was commonly 
used in spite of its many rapids. Down its swift 
currents floated bateaux, for supplies from the coast 
towns. 



1 Eev. Paul Coffin, d.d., of Buxton, in his "Ride to Piquackett," in 
1768, speaks of making tlie trip from Saco river, in Buxton, in thirteen 
hours and a half, being on his horse eleven hours. This road was 
much better than most of the north and south roads in "Maine at that 
time, as it ran over pine plains most of the way. The state of the 
roads in Maine in 1775 may be judged from the following note to the 
memory of Rev. Paul Coffin, d.d., published in Maine Historical Soci- 
ety Collections, volume 4. 

" In July, 1777, Stephen Gorham, Esq., late of Boston, with his 
wife, commenced a journey to Buxton to visit his sister Coffin. They 
traveled to Saco in a chaise, but were here advised not to attempt to 
go in a chaise to Buxton, as no vehicle of the kind had ever passed on 
the road. But his wife being unaccustomed to riding on a pillion he 
made the attempt and was four hours on the road, walking himself to 
steady the chaise. Dr. Coffin, Mr. Gorham, and their wives beino- de- 
sirous to visit the late Judge William Gorham, of Gorham, a relative 
ten miles distant by the then road, were obliged to try the pillion." 
Yet both Gorham and Buxton had been incorporated towns for twelve 
years and more, and had a population of perhaps 500 each. 



24 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

Across from the head of Winnipiseogee lake to 
Ossipee pond, thence to the Saco river, straight as 
an arrow, stretched the bloody trail over which the 
Sokokis Indians and their Canadian allies swept 
down upon the brave settlers on the Piscataqua, un- 
til Lovewell and his heroes, following them to their 
mountain fastness, well nigh exterminated them. 

Over this trail came Col. Frye, the hero of Fort 
William Henry (who begged Monroe to allow him 
to cut his way through the Indian and Canadian 
savages of Montcalm), the Osgoods, Bradleys, Fes- 
sendens, Capt. Brown, and others to the infant 
settlements on the Saco ; over it too came the Twitch- 
ells, Ingalls, Chapmans, Burbanks, and Grovers, who 
pushed on to the Androscoggin by the " Scoggin road." 
When famine threatened the infant settlement at 
Pequawkett, in the winter of 1766, men were sent 
on snow shoes to Concord, N. H., for food, and over 
this trail they hauled in supplies on moose sleds. It 
was used for years, until it was superseded by a 
road which followed about in the same course. 

From Pequawkett, by way of great Kezar pond, 
over Sabattis mountain to the Waterford Kezars, 
under Bald Pate and Rattle-snake mountains, near 
the Albany basins, by Songo pond to the Androscog- 
gin, just above Bethel hill, run the Scoggin or Pe- 
quawkett trail. It branched at the foot of Bald Pate 
in Waterford, and ran over Beech hill, by Mutiny 



SKETCH OF MAINE. 25 

brook, west of Bear pond, to the head of Long pond. 
This was a favorite route with the Androscoggin In- 
dians when journeying in the summer to the sea- 
coast to fish, or to visit the Sokokis at Pequawkett. 
An easy day's journey carried them to the Saco or 
the head of Long pond. By canoes they floated 
down the Saco to Pepperelborough, or paddled over 
the lakes below us to the Presumpscott, and floated 
down the Presumpscott to the sea. By it the early 
settlers of Sudbury Canada, New Penacook, and 
Peabody's Patent ^ came to their wilderness homes 
from Pequawkett, and when the Indians attacked 
the growing settlements on the Androscoggin in 
1781, and carried Lieut. Segar and others into Cana- 
dian captivity, Lieut. Stephen Farrington led twen- 
ty-three men over this trail in hot, although vain, 
pursuit of the savages. 

From Falmouth to Pequawkett ran a rough cart 
road through Gorham (over Fort hill), Pierson-town,^ 
joining the Saco trail at the river. This road was 
cut through as early as 1760. Over it, every year, 
the people of Gorham drove two hundred or more 
cattle to be wintered on the great meadows of Frye- 
burg. During the summer they cut and stacked 
hundreds of tons of hay for their use. The herds- 
men depended upon game mainly for food, taking 

iGilead. 
2Standish. 

3 



26 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

with them to their winter camp little except meal 
and pork. 

A blazed path ran through the woods west of Se- 
bago pond in 1767, through Flints-town to Stevens 
brook, which was cut by the proprietors of Bridge- 
town. This road was not passable for wheeled vehi- 
cles until thirteen years later. The proprietors of 
Bridge-town had given Capt. Richard Kimball, in 
1768, a lot of land, including a part of the present 
village of North Bridgton, on condition that he 
would keep a store and run a sail boat over the 
Sebago and Long ponds for the convenience of im- 
migrants. This he did for years. 

These were the scanty means of intercommunica- 
tion in York county one hundred years ago ; yet 
they were not scantier than were the means and 
wants of the pioneers who were struggling with the 
wilderness. The shire towns in 1775 were York and 
Biddeford. In 1799 all the inhabitants and territory 
north of great Ossipee river were formed into a dis- 
trict for the convenience of registering deeds, the 
office for which was kept at Fryeburg. 

The county contained a population of about 15,- 
000, one-half the population of the State ; its taxa- 
ble property was about equal to that of the other 
two counties combined. 

Cumberland county had the same eastern limit as 
at present, as far north as Livermore ; thence it run 
north two degrees on a true course to Canada line. 



SKETCH OF MAINE. 27 

Along the coast, as in York county, were old towns 
Scarborough, Cape Elizabeth, Falmouth,^ North Yar- 
mouth,^ Brunswick, and Harpswell. Except Harps- 
well, the settlement of these towns also dated back 
to the earliest colonial times. They were engaged 
in fishing, farming, and lumbering, each in its 
season. Falmouth Neck had a population of about 
1,900 and was the seat of a considerable lumbering 
trade and some ship building. The population of 
these coast towns was less than 10,000. 

The towns and plantations skirting these coast 
settlements made a narrower fringe than the back 
settlements of York county. Gorham, Windham, 
and New Gloucester had been but recently incor- 
porated. Above were the plantations of Pierson 
or Hobbs-town, New Boston,^ Raymond-town,^ Syl- 
vester Canada,^ and Otisfield,® the last three of which 
could not have had a hundred inhabitants. The 
population of these three towns and the plantations 
was not less than 3,000. 

North of these plantations, in eastern Oxford 
county, a few surveys had been made, but there was 
not an inhabitant. There was no road nor trail into 
the wilderness further than Raymond-town, except 

1 Portland, Cape Elizabeth, Westbrook, Deering, and Falmouth. 

2 Yarmouth and North Yarmouth. 

^Gray. *Kaymond, Casco, and part of Naples. 

5 Turner. '' Otisfield and a i>art of Harrison. 



28 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

one along the Androscoggin, and that led no further 
than to the Falls ^ at Pejepscot. The population of 
the county was not far from 12,000. The shire town 
was Falmouth. 

Lincoln county included all the rest of Maine, or 
roundly, all of Maine east of a line drawn straight 
north to Canada from the great bend of the Andros- 
coggin at Livermore. The incorporated towns in 
this huge county, with the exception of Topsham 
and Belfast, were scattered along the Kennebec, 
Sheepscot, and Damariscotta rivers. 

The Kennebec was settled as far north as Nor- 
ridgewock; the incorporated towns on it were 
Georgetown, Pownalborough,^ Woolwich, Bowdoin- 
ham,^ Pitts-town,* Hallowell,^ Vassalborough,^ and 
Winslow.' Georgetown and Pownalborough were 
flourishing towns, with a population of perhaps 
3,000 ; the others were in their infancy, containing 
a few hundred inhabitants each. Straggling settlers 
were located on the Androscoggin above Brunswick 
and Topsham, as far as Lewiston Falls. 

At this time the Kennebec was one of the main 



1 Lewiston. 

2 Dresden, Alna, Wiscasset, and Swans Island. 
* Bowdoinham and Richmond. 

*Pittston, Gardiner, and West Gardiner. 

^Hallowell, Augusta, Fartningdale, Manchester, and Chelsea. 

"Vassalborough and Sidney. 

'' Winslow and Waterville. 



SKETCH OF MAINE. 29 

routes to Quebec. The New England almanacs of 
one hundred years ago gave as particularly the dis- 
tance from Norridgewock to Quebec ^ as from Boston 
to Norridgewock. 

Edgecomb, Newcastle, Boothbay, Bristol, and 
Waldoborough had been but recently incorporated, 
and contained in all perhaps 2,000 inhabitants. The 
coast east of Bristol (Pemaquid) to Machiasport, and 
the Penobscot river to Orono, was scarred with rude 
clearings, few of which were made previous to 1760. 
The location of these towns and the poverty of the 
soil made the inhabitants at first more fishermen than 
farmers. The population of this county was not far 
from 9,000. Pownalborough was the shire town. 
The entire population of the Province was about 
36,000;' it paid one-twelfth of the State tax of 
Massachusetts. 

Maine is a beautiful State to-day; before man 



1 The route to Quebec in Canada was as follows : 

Great Carrying Place, 30 miles from Norridgewock. 
Chaudierre, 42 " " " 

Sartigan, 60 " " " 

Quebec, 96 " " " 

2 The census of 1764 and 1772 gave the white and black population 
of the State by counties as follows : 

1764. 1772. 

Tork, 11,362 13,398 

Cumberland, 8,291 10,139 

Lincoln, 4,371 5,563 

Totals, 24,024 29,100 



30 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

disfigured her fair face she must have justified the 
seemingly extravagant praise of the early explorers. 
The bold coast, the thousand estuaries, the countless 
rivers, brooks, and ponds, the magnificent swells of 
land, made our State easily first in natural attrac- 
tions. But the disrobing of Nature proves often a 
sad disenchantment. A slope of ten thousand acres, 
when clothed with a heavy forest growth, shows 
none of its bogs or knolls, and but few of its rocks. 
Brooks and rivers shrink as the sun, pouring upon 
the naked land, dries the rills that once fed them, 
while a thousand storms wash from the rocks the 
moldering earth that once kindly hid them. 

Waterford, with its twelve ponds covering in the 
aggregate 1,784 acres, its beautiful Songo river flow- 
ing eighteen miles in the town, its fertile ridges 
with their perfect slopes, was a beautiful township ; 
and such it must have seemed to David McWain, its 
first settler. 

PLANTATION HISTORY OF WATERFORD. 

1775—1797- 

David McWain was born in Bolton, Worcester 
county, Mass., Dec. 24, 1752. It was from this coun- 
ty and the adjoining county of Middlesex that Capt. 
Gardner's company was recruited, and doubtless 



SKETCH OF McWAIN. 31 

some of his townsmen were proprietorsi of the 
township of Waterford. Bolton, Harvard, Stow, 
Northborough, and Rowley furnished most of its 
early settlers. Of his early life I know but little. 
In the spring of 1775, with a companion, he started 
for the wilderness of Maine, they having purchased, 
for 1 40, the lot of land on which he afterward 
settled. There is a tradition that he was arrested 
at Dover, N. H., as a deserter from the Continental 
army and sent back to Bolton. This cannot have 
been true. Soldiers were easily raised in the spring 
of 1775, and the military organization of Massa- 
chusetts was too imperfect for such action in a 
far-away lumber town in New Hampshire. In the 
excited state of the public mind at that time, 
McWain and his companion, harmless though their 
business was, may have seemed dangerous persons 
to the people of Dover. They were detained at 
this town a few days. The companion, discouraged, 
sold to McWain his interest in the lot. Accompa- 
nied only by his dog McWain again started for his 

1 The proprietary and plantation records of Waterford are lost. Who 
the proprietors were at any one time I cannot say. The records of Mas- 
sachusetts fail to give their names. I have gathered facts enough to 
convince me that no one person held a large number of lots in the 
town previous to its settlement, and that but few of the early settlers 
were original proprietors. Dr. Stephen Cummings, originally of Ando- 
ver, Mass., afterward a celebrated physician of Portland, was clerk of 
the proprietors. This explains the fact that plantation meetings were 
held at his house. 



32 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

forest home by the way of Portland, Sebago lake, 
and Long pond. He may have come with Capt. 
Benjamin Kimball, in his sail boat, from Pierson-town 
to Stevens Brook. He may have come by the bridle 
path cut out on the west side of the pond in 1767, 
from Pierson-town through Flints-town to Stevens 
Brook. At this little saw-mill village, — which for 
years furnished the people of Waterford with 
their nearest grist mill and store, — McWain supplied 
himself with necessary provisions for a month's stay, 
and then boldly struck into the wilderness. He had a 
rude plan of Waterford with him. He followed 
Bear Brook until he reached his range line, and fol- 
lowed that until he reached his lot. On a corner of 
it, under a shelving rock, he prepared to spend the 
night. Building a huge fire he lay down to sleep. 
During the night he awoke very thirsty; remember- 
ing a spring some distance back he went to it. 
After satisfying his thirst, he said that a sense of his 
loneliness came over him, and iron man that he was, 
he hurried back to the company of the dim light of 
his camp-fire. 

On a corner of his lot,^ near the river, he built his 
cabin. Supposing himself the only settler between 
Bridgton and Canada, he was surprised one day by 
the homely sound of a rooster crowing. Supposing 

1 Lot 10, Range 5. 



SKETCH OP McWAIN". 33 

that the fowl had strayed from the settlements below, 
he thought no more of it. A few days later an Indian 
squaw leaped from behind a tree almost upon him, 
apparently to frighten him. She beckoned him to 
follow her to his cabin, and in the Indian tongue de- 
manded something. He offered her different arti- 
cles to no purpose, until he brought salt, which she 
ate with the greediness of an animal salt-hungry. 
He went with her to her camp, at what is now 
known as Mc Wains Falls, where he found quite a 
party of Canada Indians fishing. 

They feasted him on muskrat soup and other de- 
lectable compounds, which he ate with all the relish 
he could assume. He fished and hunted with them, 
selling his peltries at Stevens Brook. They stole 
his silver, so with a large auger he bored a hole into 
a pine tree and in the cavity put it, carefully re- 
placing the bark. He forgot the money and the 
place of its deposit. Years after a hired man, 
felling trees, struck into this bonanza, — fifty dol- 
lars or more. He carefully collected the silver and 
carried it to McWain. For some time the old 
man sat in front of his fire, head on his hands, lost 
in thought. At length he recalled the circumstance. 
Thus unwittingly McWain taught the early settlers 
of Waterford a lesson which the wisest heeded, that 
the safest bank of deposit in a new country is a pine 
tree. 



34 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

McWain spent the winters of 1775 and 1776 in 
Bolton. He returned to Waterford in the spring of 
1777, and never revisited his native place. He lived 
a solitary life. Once a month he went to Stevens 
Brook for supplies. One month he failed to come 
at the usual time. The settlers at the little saw-mill 
village waited a few days, and then sent in a party 
to see if " Mac " (as he was familiarly called) was 
sick ; he was just able to drag himself to the door 
and let them in. For four weeks he had lain in his 
camp, prostrated by a slow fever. Yet this man of 
iron nerve never entertained a thought of abandon- 
ing his lonely home ; his fitful dreams were rather 
of reclaiming the fertile acres on his beautiful ridge. 

On his second return from Bolton, in 1776, he 
brought with him a cow big with calf. Bread and 
cream, berries and wild game were his choice food 
for years. His only table furniture was a dish and 
spoon. 

He was never married, and lived without a house- 
keeper for thirty years or more, — one of his hired 
men doing the house-work. Tradition says that in 
1815, without any of those pleasant warnings which 
custom has sanctioned, he bluntly asked a certain 
young lady whether she would come to his house as 
" mistress or maid." Confused, she blunderingly an- 
swered, " as maid." He never gave her an opportunity 
to rectify her mistake, somewhat to her disappoint- 



SKETCH OF McWAIN. 35 

merit it is said. McWain seemed indifferent to 
women; his cattle were positively afraid of them. 
If a woman went into his barn, the cattle would bel- 
low and thrash around in their stanchions as though 
mad. One day when plowing with his great four-ox 
team (he always kept four oxen, having a wholesome 
contempt for " steer teams "), Mrs. Eli Longley stepped 
over the wall directly in front of him. Wildly bel- 
lowing, with tails erect, the cattle tore across the 
field, smashing the plow against a rock and breaking 
the chain that connected them ; they disappeared in 
the forest and were not seen for hours. 

McWain had a true pioneer's horror of being 
crowded. One morning as he stood on the huge 
rock behind his camp (south-east of the old McWain 
house), he spied smoke curling up through the forest 
in the direction of Paris, some twelve miles away. 
" Humph," said he, " I would like to know who is 
settling over there right under my nose ! " 

His farm ^ was eight hundred acres in extent. He 
had one hundred and sixty acres of land improved 
in 1803 ; that year he kept forty head of cattle and 
fattened, chiefly upon milk, thirteen hundred weight 
of pork. 

He died in 1825. In his will he made a few be- 
quests to his old servants, giving to his hired man his 

1 Mc Wain's farm embraced lots 10, 11, and 12 in Range 4 and 10 and 
11 in Range 5. 



36 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

out lot/ and to his housekeeper (that did not become 
mistress) a few hundred dollars. He gave the rest of 
his property to his nephew and namesake on the 
condition that he should live upon it, which he did 
until his death. 

McWain was a man of medium height, but rather 
spare in figure ; he was courteous though reticent, 
and strictly moral in his habits. He read his Bible 
through once a year. His coming here so long be- 
fore other settlers was providential, for he supplied 
them with grain until they could raise enough for 
their own use, they paying him in work. Hundreds 
of bushels of wheat and corn did he supply to these 
men, which they converted into hominy by a hand- 
mill, or "backed" from his house to the grist-mill at 
Stevens Brook, twelve miles away, and after 1790 to 
Jewell's mill, at Waterford City. When the settlers 
were pinched for food during the cold seasons of 
1814-1816, refusing to sell his surplus corn to 
traders from Norway for cash, he kept it for his 
neighbors, and sold it to them for less than the 
market price, taking his pay in work. He heaped 
rather than " stroked " the half-bushel measure by 
which he sold to these half-starved people. 

During the years 1780 and 1781 three other men 
with their families attempted a settlement in Water- 

2 Lot 2, Range 4. 



MIGRATION FROM MASSACHUSETTS. 37 

ford, but the hardships of frontier Hfe forced them 
to withdraw to the older parts of the State. 

The close of the Revolutionary war led to the 
rapid settlement of Maine.^ The young men of 



1 The following is a complete list, so far as I can furnish it, of the 
Revolutionary soldiers who settled in Waterford. I attach to their 
names a statement of their services during that war. This statemen 
of their services depends in part upon traditional testimony. 

John Atherton, served throughout the war. 

Joel Atherton, served throughout the war. 

Jabez Brown, Lieutenant in the French and Adjutant in the Revolu- 
tionary war. 

Aseph Brown. 

Thaddeus Brown, served a year or more. 

Daniel Barker, served throughout the war. 

Ephraim Chamberlain, served three years. 

David Chaplain, served under Lieut. Green in the Burgoyne campaign. 

Daniel Chaplin, served under Lieut. Green in the Burgoyne campaign. 

Lieut. Thomas Green, was an officer in the French war and served 
throughout the Burgoyne campaign. 

Africa Hamlin, Quartermaster during the war. 

America Hamlin. 

The father of these Hamlins was an officer in the war and a member 
of the Society of the Cincinnati. 

Israel Hale, served throughout the war. 

Oliver Hale, served in the Burgoyne campaign. 

Jona. Houghton, served in the Burgoyne campaign. 

Benjamin Hale, served in campaign against Cornwallis. 

Samuel Jewell, was in the battle of Bunker Hill. 

John Jewell, served throughout the war. 

Asa Johnson, served in the Burgoyne campaign. 

Joseph Kimball, served throughout the war. 

Jonathan Longley, served in the Burgoyne campaign. 

Eli Longley, served over a year. 

Eliphalet Morse. [See note next page. ] 



88 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

Massachusetts were in the Continental service 
during the war as regulars, or as well-drilled militia 
men were often in the field to resist invasion. The 
former returned home penniless, though their pock- 
ets were stuffed with paper. The militia or minute 
men, who were more often married, had suffered 
from the destruction of domestic and foreign trade, 
a worthless currency, and the constant interruptions 
to their business caused by real or reported inva- 
sions. The close of the war found the regulars 
without money, the minute men in debt. After a 
few congratulations over their success, they soberly 
studied their situation. 

There were no trades for them to learn, and they 
were too old to learn them had there been any. 
Massachusetts was no more a manufacturing State 
in 1783 than is Alabama to-day. The fisheries and 
commerce afforded the more enterprising men along 
the coast an opportunity to gain comparative wealth. 
A few professional men and traders there were in 
every town, but nine-tenths of the people were farm- 
ers. The eldest son (by the unwritten law of primo- 
geniture that has always existed among the fixrmers 

Josiah Proctor, served in the Navy. 

Eber Rice, served three months. 

David Stone. 

Stephen Sanderson, served six months. 

Abram Whitney. 

Phineas Whitney, served throughout the war. 

Judah Wetherbee, was in the battle of Bunker Hill. 



MIGRATION FROM MASSACHUSETTS. 39 

of New England) could stay at home with the par- 
ents and take the old farm ; but the younger boys 
must shift for themselves. This was the alternative 
before them, — ten or more years of hard work as a 
farm laborer before they could hope to have money 
enough to buy in Massachusetts a poor farm, or ten 
years or more of hard labor and privation — with in- 
dependence — in Maine ; in the latter the sanguine 
could see an Eden, the sober a rude plenty ! What 
wonder then that for forty years there was a con- 
stant exodus of the most enterprising young men 
from the farms of Massachusetts to the wilds of 
Maine, New Hampshire, and Vermont ! This drain 
was not checked until the breaking out of the " Ohio 
fever," in 1815, and the rise of manufacturing in 
southern New England. Perhaps it is not too bold 
an assumption to make, that had the discovery of 
the application of steam been postponed forty years, 
Maine would have been to-day by far the richest of 
the New England States, and Somerset and Aroos- 
took counties would have been as thickly settled as 
are Cumberland and Androscoggin. The frontier 
line of Maine has hardly been advanced a mile, ex- 
cept in the eastern part, since 1820. 

If we sometimes complain that our boys gravitate 
toward the mother State, let us not fail to remember 
that every institution we prize, — the church, the 
school, our family and social life, — every characteris- 



40 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

tic we possess, — our courage, faith, honor, and patri- 
otism, — was given to us by the mother State. It 
was her wisdom, — prejudice calls it selfishness, — 
which for one hundred years nursed and protected 
the infant settlements of Maine, and prevented the 
French civilization of Lower Canada from fastening 
itself on eastern Maine. 

The proprietors of the town, to encourage immi- 
gration, gave to a few of the first settlers their 
lands ; they also offered the first thirty persons who 
would clear three acres of land, " put it into profit," 
and build a house sixteen feet square, — in other 
words, do what was called " settling duty," — a right 
in the lands which the proprietors thought worthless 
except for the timber. Most of the parties who 
gained the right sold it for a trifle. They also prom- 
ised the first boy born in Waterford fifty acres of land 
to be given when he should come of age.^ This 
tract of land lay just east of Kedar brook, stretching 
from the pond some way above the parsonage. The 
proprietors offered their lands at very low prices. 
Lot 4, R. 12, was purchased by Major Samuel War- 
ren at fifty cents an acre, and he had the choice be- 
tween lot 4, R. 12, and lot 7, R. 10. Mr. Thaddeus 
Brown purchased lot 8, R. 7, for fifty cents an acre. 



1 Epbraim Hapgood was the recipient of this bounty. The first girl 
born in town was Clarissa Johnson. 



r 



BOUNTIES TO EAELY SETTLERS. 41 

But both of these men were obliged to do " settling 
duty." These were average lots ; probably the best 
did not cost more than $2.00 an acre at that time, 
1786. But as the town filled up the price of land 
rose rapidly. Between 1800 and 1810 wild land 
was probably as high in Waterford as it is to-day. 
In 1805 lot 4, R. 9 was sold for $800. It is said that 
lot 6, R. 10 had some time before this been sold for 
$1,000. 

Most of the early settlers bought their land on 
credit. Benjamin Sampson, of Stow, Mass. (who 
bought lot 3, R. 13, and one of the Perley lots on 
Crooked river, and had two or three hundred dollars 
left), was one of the " solid " men of Waterford at 
that time. These lots purchased by Mr. Sampson 
were heavily timbered with pine, and were sold by 
him for a trifle, — less than $200. Fifty years later 
they were worth a fortune ; not less than $40,000. 

I have mentioned that five or six years after Mc- 
Wain settled here three men came in with their 
families ; but they were forced to withdraw to the 
older settlements on account of the difficulty of 
getting subsistence. One of them tried a second 
time, and a second time was forced to withdraw. In 
1783, Daniel Barker,^ Jonathan Bobbins,^ Aseph 
Brown,^ America Hamlin,^ Africa Hamlin,^ and Europe 

iL. 3, R. 4. 2L. 5, R. 6. ^L. 5, R. 5. *L. 6, R. 3. 

6L. 6,R. 4. 

4 



42 HISTORICAL ADDEESS. 

Hamlin came. Their lots were all in the south 
and south-west parts of the town. Their families 
did not come until two years later. 

Sept. 8th, of the same year, Philip Hor, originally 
from Taunton, but last from Brookfield, Mass., came 
to examine a lot ^ of land which he had previously 
bought, about half a mile west of Joel Plummer's. 
The next June two of his sons came with him ; they 
spent the summer clearing land. Late in the fall 
he returned to Brookfield, leaving his sons to brave 
the severity of a long winter, or go to the older set- 
tlements. At that time there was considerable lum- 
bering done in the coast towns. June, 1785, he came 
with his wife, who was from Norton, Mass. They 
suffered great hardships on the way. Their house- 
hold goods were brought from Stevens Brook on the 
backs of those who helped them in ; for at this time 
the Scoggin trail, a mere bridle path, was the only 
road into Waterford. 

They were disappointed in a house and provisions, 
which they had bargained for. So Mr. Hor built a 
hut of hemlock bark, and this was their only shelter 
for two years. They had not even a cow. Their 
nearest neighbors were three miles away, the Ham- 
lins, who lived south of Tom pond. During six 
weeks of winter this family saw no human beings 
but themselves and no animal but a dog. When 
they wanted meal they had either to back the corn 

iL. 5, K. 9. 



PHILLIP HOE, SAMUEL WARREN, AND OTHERS. 43 

twelve miles to Stevens Brook, or go out and get a 
horse, which occupied a day, take the grist to mill, 
which occupied another, and the third day return 
the horse. Mrs. Hor was for some time the only 
woman in the plantation in full communion with the 
church. 

In 1785 and 1786 there came in NathanieP and 
John Chamberlain,^ Thaddeus Brown ^ of Harvard, 
Mass., Asa Johnson * of Templeton, Mass., John 
Atherton,^ Josiah Proctor « of Acton, Mass., Eber 
Rice ^ of Northborough, Mass., Samuel Warren * of 
Harvard, Mass., and Jonathan Barnard, who after- 
ward moved to Bridgton. Most of these settlers 
came without their families. 

Pardon me if, in this early history of "Waterford, I 
tell the story of the first ten years of the life of my 
grandfather, Major Samuel Warren. I tell it because 
it is more familiar to me than is that of the men 
who settled here with him. I tell it, too, because in 
its main features it must be similar to the life led by 
all of them. His father, William Warren, was 
drowned in the Kennebec below Norridgewock, in 
1774. He was the first settler of that town. He 
left a large family of children in comparative pover- 
ty. The widow and her children returned to Massa- 
chusetts after his death. As soon as Samuel was old 



iL. 2, R. 3. 2 L. 6, R. 7. ^ l. g, R. 7. * L. 10, R. 8. 

s L. 6, R. 4. 6 L. 6, R. 11. ' L. 7, R. 12. ^ l, 4^ r_ 12. 



44 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

enough he went back to the Kennebec and learned 
the coopers' trade ; he followed his trade when he 
could get work, and fished when work was dull. 

At the age of twenty he bought of John Cham- 
berlain, one of the proprietors of Waterford (a 
chance acquaintance that he had made while work- 
ing on the Kennebec), the right to eighty acres of 
land, being allowed his choice between the lot on 
which he afterward settled and that afterward 
purchased by Eber Rice, Esq. He ran in debt for 
his land, paying for it fifty cents an acre. With 
characteristic caution he ventured at first to 
buy but half a lot. He came to Waterford across 
the country from the Kennebec guided by his pock- 
et compass. Late one afternoon he reached the top 
of Beech hill, above the Bryant farm. Climbing a 
tree to get his bearings he took in the prospect, 
and beautiful as that view is to-day, how much grand- 
er must it have been one hundred years ago ! Be- 
fore him lay that grand amphitheatre of mountains, 
some sixty peaks in all, stretching from the mount- 
ains of the Umbagog region on the north to the Ossi- 
pee range on the south, all clothed with the modest 
yet rich garment that kindly Nature gave them, ex- 
cept where some bald granite face peered through 
the green robes that enswathed it. Stone, McWains 
pond, and the Kezars flashed like diamonds below 
him, while Long pond stretched out a thread of sil- 



PHILLIP HOK, SAMUEL WARREN, AND OTHERS. 45 

ver toward great Sebago and the sea. A hundred 
smokes curled up from Stevens Brook, Otisfield, New 
Suncook, Oxford, and Cummings Purchase, but the 
gashes in the forest were so slight that he could not 
see them. A virgin forest unscarred by fire kindly 
clothed every hill, hiding all physical deformities. 
Just as he was descending the tree he spied smoke 
curling up from the foot of the mountain. A pioneer 
had settled on the spot where Samuel H. Warreu 
now lives. Taking the direction from his compass 
he started for it ; that night he spent in the pioneer's 
cabin. The next day he examined his lot, and was 
satisfied that soil which could bear such beeches and 
rock maples must have virtue enough in it to grow 
good crops of corn. Opposite him, where Cyrus 
Green now lives, had settled a man by the name of 
Barnard, who afterward moved to North Bridgton. 

The first year he cleared some fifteen acres on the 
north-east corner of his farm, living in a little hut 
made of bark. His corn he bought at Bethel Hill, 
fourteen miles away; this he "backed" home. He 
sowed his land that fall with rye, and went back to 
the Kennebec ; he worked at his trade all winter, 
taking his pay in alewives. These he loaded on a 
bateau and with them started for Portland from be- 
low Norridgewock. A head wind met him at Merry- 
meeting bay. Nothing daunted he boldly pushed 
across the angry waters, just escaping shipwreck. 



46 



HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 



The alewives he sold in Portland, and with the mon- 
ey purchased clothing. He returned to his little 
clearing and provided himself with food and a few 
comforts. He made a bedstead of spruce poles, a bed- 
cord of elm peelings ; he brought a bed-tick with 
him and filled it with straw, which he purchased 
from his neighbor across the road. That year he in- 
creased his clearing. Late in the fall he returned 
to Norridgewock and spent the winter. During 
these two years his food consisted of corn-cake, wild 
berries and game. On his return in the spring of 
1788, he found that Lieut. Thomas Green of Row- 
ley, Mass., had bought the lot occupied by Mr. Bar- 
nard, and was settled there with eight children. 
From that time he boarded with them until he mar- 
ried Mary, the eldest daughter, in 1794. 

In 1788, just fourteen years from the time that he 
reached Waterford penniless, he built and finished 
the two-storied, square house now owned and 
occupied by his son, Daniel Warren, and a barn 
30 by 70, and paid for them as soon as they were 
finished. How did he do this ? Soon after he came 
to Waterford he foresaw that there would be in a 
few years a demand for a brick mason, to lay 
chimneys in the new houses that would inevita- 
bly be built ; so he learned how to make and lay 
bricks, and for years he worked at his trade when- 
ever occasion offered. He built nearly all the chim- 



PHILLIP HOK, SAMUEL WARREN, AND OTHERS. 47 

neys in Waterford, and in parts of Lovell and Alba- 
ny. Old men tell me that after a hard day's work 
at brick laying, working from sun to sun, he would 
return home, eat his supper, and then if there was 
sufficient moon spend the evening piling or burning 
piles. Winters he worked at his trade as cooper. 
That was the way the pioneers of Waterford who 
succeeded worked. What cared they for misshapen 
hands and bent frame ! They had in their eye and 
bearing that magnificent pride that is born of honor- 
ble success. The story of his energy and sacrifices 
is the history of all the old-fashioned, two-storied 
houses and big barns that were built seventy-five 
years ago in Waterford. 

Lieut. Green i was followed by quite a colony from 
Rowley, Mass. Deacon Stephen Jewett ^ and his sons, 
Nathan^ and Ebenezer,* Moses Hobson^ (who worked 
for the deacon in Rowley), Jonathan,^ SamueP and 
Josiah Plummer^ (Samuel came first), Joshua,^ Eze- 
kiel,^° Samuel " and Humphrey Saunders,^^ Daniel ^^ 
and David Chaplin.^* Some of these men had served 
under Lieut. Green in the French and Revolutionary 
wars. 

Throughout this address, in a note, L. and R. against a party's name 
refer to the Lot and Range on which they lived. 

1 L. 4, R. 13. 2 L. 6^ R, 13. 3 l. 5^ r. 13, 4 l. 5, R. 13. 

5 L. 6, R. 13. 6 L. 6^ R. 9. 7 L. 5, R. 8. ^L. 5, R. 7. 

9 L. 6, R. 11. 1° L. 6, R. 9. " L. 6, R. 10. 12 l. j^ r. h. 

13L. 6, R. 12. i*L. 3,R. 12. 



48 HISTOEICAL ADDRESS. 

The north-west part of Waterford was for a long 
time called " Rowley," and the old Lovell road from 
North Waterford as far as the Lovell line was called 
" Rowley street." The road from North Bridgton to 
Waterford Flat was the first built in town, probably 
about 1787. It ran near the old Scoggin trail from 
the head of the pond to the old Methodist meeting- 
house, thence through what is now Waterford City 
to Waterford Flat. This road was the thoroughfare 
over which the early settlers of Waterford, Oxford, 
and Sudbury Canada came into the wilderness ; and 
over it our fathers went out to purchase supplies of 
Capt. Kimball at North Bridgton, or to mill at 
Stevens Brook. 

The exact date of the coming of the settlers from 
Rowley I cannot determine, — except Lieut. Green, 
Samuel Plummer, and Moses Hobson, — probably 
about 1790. Their coming and that of Eli Longley ^ 
of Bolton, Mass., in 1789, and Eber Rice' of North- 
borough, Mass., led to the building or rather cutting 
out of the first road through Waterford. This, 
rougher than a modern logging road, left the Scog- 
gin trail at Waterford City and ran to the Flat by 
the old road, thence over Plummer hill, back of 
Joshua Saunders' and William Kilborn's to a point 
half a mile east of Peter E. Mosher's, thence straight 

iL. 6, E. 6. 2L. 7, E. 10. 



PLANTATION EOADS. 49 

to the Scoggin trail below Samuel H. Warren's. It 
was built in 1788 or 1789. 

The coming of Solomon Stone' and Deacon Nurse ^ 
of Bolton, Mass., about 1790, and the demand for a 
road to Oxford (for settlers began to come into Ox- 
ford in 1784), led to the building of what used to be 
called the Albany road. It extended from the Flat 
by Solomon Stone's and Deacon Nurse's, across to 
the Moses Bisbee farm, thence into Albany. This 
road was built about 1790. 

The growing settlements on the three tiers after- 
ward set off to Cummin gs Purchase (Norway), and 
the coming of Asa Johnson' and Thaddeus Brown,* 
led to the building of what is now called the old road 
to Norway. 

The coming of Samuel Warren, Lieut. Thomas 
Green, Daniel Chaplin,^ and Humphrey Saunders « 
from Rowley, together with the growth of New 
Suncook (Lovell), which was settled in 1777, com- 
pelled the building, about 1800, of what is called the 
Sabattis road, which left the Scoggin trail near Sam- 
uel H. Warren's, and followed what is called the old 
Lovell road over Sabattis mountain to the head of 
great Kezar pond. This was built about the year 
1800. 

These roads and all the roads in Maine were for 



iL. 8, R. 9. ^L. 8, R. 10. ^L. 10, R. 8. 

* L. 8, R. 7. 5 L. 3, R. 12. ^ l, j^ r, h. 



50 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

years rude affairs. The journey of our fathers from 
Massachusetts to Waterford involved innumerable 
discomforts. Some came in coasters as far as Port- 
land, then through Gorham, Standish, and over the 
lakes to the head of Long pond. Others toiled 
over the wretched road which ran through Flints- 
town and Bridge-town, on horseback, in ox-carts, 
and more often on foot. Whenever it was known 
that a settler was coming in or going through to Ox- 
ford or Sudbury Canada, the people turned out en 
masse with oxen or horses and helped them along ; 
and if there were not enough of these they did not 
hesitate to use their own stout shoulders in carrying 
his scanty baggage. But our fathers were poor men, 
and it was little they brought with them into the 
wilderness. 

Until Eli Longley opened his store at the Flat in 
1801, the people bought the few groceries and dry 
goods that they must have from those who had 
taken produce to market in Portland, and brought 
back a few goods in exchange. John Chamberlain, 
who bailt the house opposite the old meeting-house, 
Dr. Cummings, who lived in the house now occupied 
by Rev. John A. Douglass, Benjamin Sampson, who 
lived near Sampsons pond, all kept a few necessary 
articles in their houses. The people also bought 
some goods at North Bridgton and Stevens Brook. 



RELIGIOUS PRIVILEGES. 51 

But the wants of the people were few, and a very 
scanty supply of goods met all their demand. 

Until about 1790 all boards were hauled in from 
Stevens Brook, and all corn was ground there 
or at Bethel Hill. About that time a saw-mill was 
built near the mouth of Bear brook, just west of the 
house of Josiah Monroe. A grist-mill was built 
about the same time on the spot now occupied by 
Stanwood's bucket factory. Jacob Gibson, better 
known as " Cam " Gibson, built the saw-mill ; Ezra 
Jewell the grist-mill. This saw-mill was a great con- 
venience, as the people soon after began to build 
frame houses. Mr. Jewell built two or three years 
later the first frame house in Waterford, close by his 
mill. 

During these early years the people were natur- 
ally deprived of church, school, and social privi- 
leges to a very considerable extent; they made 
up for the loss as best they could. They depended, 
in part, for religious instruction on the benevolent 
labors of ministers settled in the older towns of 
Maine and New Hampshire, who made occasional 
missionary tours ^ through Oxford and Kennebec 

1 Some of the best fragmentary history of Maine that we have are 
the diaries of these missionary ministers. Especially rich is that of 
Rev. Paul Coffin, d.d., of Buxton, who made repeated tours through 
western Maine. He found the people much more given to religious 
disputation than to earnest living. A new country, with its unsettled 
habits of life and thought, is a paradise for zealous, willful sectarians. 



52 



HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 



counties — the "new country" so called. Among 
these were Revs. William Fessenden of Fryeburg, 
Marrett of Standish, Nathan Church of Bridgton, 
and Robie of Otisfield. No one was more beloved 
than Father Hidden of Tamworth, N. H. Socially 
a favorite, an eloquent speaker, his labors were 
greatly blest. In the records of the old church 
I find the following entries: "Sept. 1, 1793, Joseph 
and John, sons of Stephen and Mary Sanderson, 
were baptized by the Rev. Mr. Little of Wells, while 
on a mission. Oct. 1, 1797, Sarah, daughter of the 
same parents, baptized by the Rev. Mr. Fessenden of 
Fryeburg. Oct. 25, 1799, Charlotte, daughter of Dr. 
and Mrs. Thompson of Standish (on Charles Hayes' 
account), by Rev. Mr. Marrett." 

Meetings were for the most part held in the sum- 
mer and irregularly ; sometimes in a barn, often out 
of doors. During cold weather deacon meetings 
were occasionally held in private houses ; often at 
Eli Longley's log house, a sort of hotel, half-way be- 
tween the Flat and Rev. Mr. Douglass', on the lower 
side of the road. As many of the early settlers 
were Christians, members of churches in Massachu- 
setts, doubtless their influence was considerable in 
maintaining religious life among these independent 
and somewhat irreligious men. It is certain that the 
religious life of the people was low at this time, for 
among the weightiest reasons that urged our fathers 



SCHOOLS AND SOCIAL LIFE. 53 

to adopt a town government was this, " that their 
children were growing up wild and uncultivated." 

There were no schools supported by public tax. 
Private schools were held in different houses a few 
weeks in the year. Still the demand for them was 
not pressing in the earliest history of the town, as 
most of the settlers were young people, and were 
not married until just before or soon after their 
coming to Waterford. 

Social opportunities were greatly restricted. Mrs. 
Thaddeus Brown was in town six months before she 
saw a woman. There was much visiting from camp 
to camp by the early settlers, the visitors traveling 
by spotted lines. Except to the very poor, whose 
sufferings made it impossible for them to enjoy the 
novelty of the situation, this life, with its makeshifts, 
its droll surprises, and above all its possibilities, had 
great fascinations. 

The log house, the home of all, was rude, but 
warm in winter and cool in summer. No blasts of 
death came from air-tight stoves to stupify and kill, 
but generous fire-places rather. These ventilators 
left the air clean and pure, if sometimes rather cold. 
Furniture was a matter of simple convenience, else 
of little consequence ; a rough table, a few blocks of 
wood for chairs, and a settle were all at first. The 



64 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

land was rich. The best ridges bore generous crops 
for half a generation. Even hemlock plains, if 
tickled with the hoe and not tickled too often, 
would laugh a harvest. Chintz bugs, weevils, Col- 
orado beetles, middle-men, and all the other parasites 
which so harass the farmer of to-day, were not then. 
Clothing was expensive, and the girl who was fortu- 
nate enough to own a calico dress was an object 
of envy. Calico was from fifty to sixty-five cents a 
yard, and five yards made a dress pattern. 

The people were eminently social ; this was nat- 
ural. One hundred grown-up strangers, representing 
at least fifty towns, were suddenly thrown together. 
Each had his own past history and the history of his 
locality to tell the other of; and fifty localities 
in eastern Massachusetts, seventy-five years ago, on 
account of the absence of newspapers and books, 
represented more social and historic traditions than 
would the same number of places to-day, one hun- 
dred times as far apart. 

Then there was well-nigh perfect equality. Each 
owned simply himself The new start that all were 
making fired even the most sluggish ; but nature, in 
time, asserted herself The shiftless in Massachusetts 
were shiftless still ; the low were low still, and each 
went to his own social place. But the new experi- 
ences of pioneer life, the privations and successes, 
were all unfailing sources of kindly neighborhood talk. 



POSTAL FACILITIES. 55 

Postal facilities then were greatly restricted. I 
find that in May, 1775, the Provincial Congress of 
Massachusetts established a general post-office in 
Cambridge, and appointed postmen to ride on the 
principal routes ; among others as far east as George- 
town in this State, at the mouth of the Kennebec 
river. Joseph Barnard was the post-rider between 
Portsmouth and Falmouth-town.^ There were three 
post-offices provided for Maine, — at Wells, Falmouth 
Neck, and Georgetown. The mail was carried once 
a week. Mr. Barnard did not average to carry for 
years more than four or five letters each trijD. In 
1788 the whole number of letters sent from the 
Falmouth post-office was but fifty-seven. 

January, 1787, Mr. Barnard, the old post-rider, put 
on a stage-carriage drawn by two horses between 
Falmouth-town and Portsmouth. This was the 
first attempt to carry passengers in this State by 
public conveyance. Mr. Barnard advertised to leave 
Portsmouth in the morning, reaching Arundel ^ the 
same day. Broad's tavern (Stroud water ^) the second, 
Falmouth Neck the morning of the third. The dis- 
tance from Portland to Portsmouth was less than 
sixty miles. One can judge from the length of time 
— more than two days — the condition of the roads. 

Until 1784 the only mail route between Boston 

1 Portland. ^ Kennebunk. ^ Deering. 



56 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

« 

and the east was over the coast road, by way of Sa- 
lem, Newburyport, Portsmouth, York, Falmouth- 
town, and Brunswick, to Georgetown. The distance 
from Boston to Fahnouth-town at this time was 
118x0 miles. In 1784 another mail route was es- 
tablished from Boston, through Andover, Haverhill, 
Exeter, and Dover, to Wells, there joining the route 
I have just mentioned. In 1785 the mails were car- 
ried to Hallo well and Norridgewock. In 1788 they 
were carried from Georgetown to Wiscasset, Blue 
Hill, and Gouldsborough, and in 1789 to Machias. 

The mail routes were not much extended for the 
next ten years.^ In 1793 the post-ofi&ces in Maine 
were at York, Wells, Biddeford, Portland, North Yar- 
mouth, Brunswick, Bath, and Wiscasset. In 1797 
there were thirteen: at York, Wells, Kennebunk, 
Berwick, Waterborough, Biddeford, Portland, North 
Yarmouth, Brunswick, Bath, Hallowell, Wiscasset, 
Norridgewock, and Passamaquoddy. In 1798 a post- 
office was established at Fryeburg ; about the same 
time, or a little earlier, one at Bridgton and Paris. 
Previous to that time Oxford county depended upon 



iln 1785 a road was opened from Falmouth-town to Upper Coos, 
through New Gloucester, Bakers-town (Poland and Miuot), Shepard- 
field (Hebron), No. 4 (Paris), Sudbury Canada (Bethel and Hanover), 
Shelburne, N. H., to Northumberland; in 1805 from Fryeburg through 
the White Mountain Notch to Upper Coos. About the same time a 
road was opened from Portland to Bethel by way of Windham, 
Raymond, Bridgton, Waterford Flat, and Hunt's Corner (Albany). 



INCOEPORATION OP WATERFORD. 57 

the courtesy of the postmaster at Portland for any 
mail matter. He sent it into the back comitry 
by any responsible person who happened to be in 
Portland. 

There is no written record of the plantation meet- 
ings of Waterford. They were held at Eli Longley's 
log house, at Dr. Cummings', and John Chamber- 
lain's. Of these meetings tradition has but one 
voice, and that is that they were — to state the case 
mildly — very turbulent. The rights and duties of a 
plantation, if well defined by law, were but poorly 
understood by the majority of -the people ; at best 
these powers were limited. Our fathers had grown 
up under town government, and naturally made 
awkward work of regulating themselves by the 
makeshifts of plantation law. The shiftless and 
mean prevented all taxation save for road building, 
and but little was spent for that. 

The inconveniences and evils of plantation gov- 
ernment led our fathers to petition for incorporation 
Dec. 19, 1795. They were unanimous in this wish, 
although they could not agree as to details. The 
main point of disagreement was the location of the 
meeting-house, which was also to be used as a town- 
house. Naturally each section wished to avoid the 
hills in the center of the town as much as possible. 
5 



68 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

The three tiers of lots afterward set off to Norway 
were at that time a part of the plantation of Water- 
ford, although they were but scantily settled. There 
were no inhabitants in Bisbee-town/ and but few 
along Crooked river below. 

If the meeting-house was located at the geograph- 
ical center of the town, it would be built near where 
Mr. Thaddeus Brown now lives, lot 8, R. 7 ; but that 
would compel the people in the north part of the 
town to climb the Rice or little Beech hill, — quite a 
climb whichever way you take it. This they were 
unwilling to do. No recourse remained but to 
change the geographical center of the town. There- 
fore a petition was prepared and sent to the General 
Court, then in session, praying that the town might 
be incorporated with three tiers of lots set off to 
Cummings Purchase (Norway). This would make 
lot 6, R. 7 the central lot, and naturally locate the 
meeting-house there. The people in the north and 
west parts of the town favored this, as did those liv- 
ing in the Plummer neighborhood. The south part 
of the town was willing to compromise by locating 
the meeting-house on the Flat, where Mr. Porter 
now lives j to this the north part of the town would 

1 Bisbee-town includes the north-east part of Waterford. It was set- 
tled about 1825 by the Blsbees, who came from Sumner, Me. 



INCORPORATION OF WATERFORD. 69 

not consent. With this statement, the petition and 
counter petitions explain themselves. 

PETITION FOR INCORPORATION. 

To the Honorable Senate and House of Kepresentatives of the 
Commonwealth of Massachusetts, in General Court assembled, 
January, a.d. 1796. 

The petition of the subscribers, inhabitants of the plantation of 
Waterford in the county of York, humbly showeth, that settle- 
ments began to be maide on this plantation about nine or ten years 
ago, that we have at this time upwards of sixty families, that your 
petitioners, like other plantations in similar circumstances, labor 
under many inconveniences for want of an incorporation, in par- 
ticular the public worship of the Deity, schooling our children, 
who are in danger of growing up wild and uncultivated, to the 
great grief of those of us who are parents, and also for want of 
roads, etc., etc. For these reasons and others that might be men- 
tioned, we pray your honors that we may be incorporated into a 
town by the name of Waterford, according to the plan herewith 
exhibited, saving and excepting the three most eastermost tiers of 
lotts from north to south, which tiers of lotts with the settlers that 
are on any of them, it is our prayer that they may be set to and 
incorporated with the settlers of Cummings Purchase and others 
that may be incorporated with them, and in this last request we 
have no doubt but that they will join with us, as it will be much 
more convenient for them to be connected with the settlers on 
Cummings Purchase than with the inhabitants of Waterford, or 
otherwise relieve your petitioners as you in your wisdom shall 
think proper, and we as in duty bound will ever pray. 

Waterford, Dec. 19, 1795. 
(Signed) 

Nathaniel Jewett, Stephen Jewett, 

Ebenezer Jewett, Ezekiel Sanders, 

Seth Kussell, Samuel Warren, • 

Samuel Sampson, William Warren,, 



60 HISTOEICAL ADDRESS. 

David Whitcomb, Thomas Green, 

Stephen Cummings, Daniel Green, 

Eleazor Hamlin, Daniel Chaplin, 

John Chamberlain, Abijah Warren, 

Hannibal Hamlin, Benjiman Sampson, 

Isaac Hor, Samuel Plummer, 

John Hor, Nathan Jewett, 

Abram Hor, Phineas Sampson, 

Joshua Sanders, Jonathan Houghton. 

Phillip Hor, Israel Hale, 

Ephraim Davenport, Samuel Brigham. 
Richard Brigham, 

The Senate and House, Jan. 27, 1796, referred the 
petition to the Committee on Apphcation for Incor- 
poration of Towns, to hear the parties and report. 
An order was sent to the assessors of the plantation 
of Waterford to appear and show cause, if any, why 
the petition of Stephen Jewett and others should 
not be granted. To this was sent the following reply : 

COMMONWEALTH OF MASSACHUSETTS. 

To the Honorable the Senate and the House of Representatives 

in General Court assembled. 

Agreable to an order of the Honorable Cort of the 26th of Janu- 
ary last, dyrecting the inhabitants of the plantation of Waterford 
to appear and show cors, if any they had, why the petition of 
Stephen Jewett and others praying that the plantation of Water- 
ford might be incorporated by the name of Waterford, with the 
exception of the three most eastermost tears of lots, might not be 
granted. The inhabitants of the plantation aforesaid, being met in 
plantation meeting on the 29th of September last, voted by a ma- 
jority of said meeting that Africa Hamlin, Malboro Kingman, and 
Nathaniel Chamberlain be a committee to remonstrate against the 



INCORPORATION OF WATERFORD. 61 

prayer of the said petitioners in behalf of a majority of the inhab- 
itants of said plantation. 
A true copy of the minutes. 

Afkica Hamlin, Clerk of Plantation. 

"We the undersigned, being chosen as a committee to remonstrate 
against the above-mentioned petition, do offer the following rea- 
sons as our objections against the said prayer. 

1st. Because the roads happily convean the present center; 
whereas by making a new one it will be inconvenient on account 
of ponds, etc., etc. 

2d. Because a river running through said plantation will cause 
the inhabitants to make and maintain two extensive bridges, with 
little more than one tear of lots opposite said bridges adjoining the 
above-mentioned tear of lots. 

3d. Because there are three public lots that will become amena- 
ble to taxation if transferred. 

4th. Because the signers of the above-mentioned petition living 
in the west and north-west parts of the plantation wish to get rid 
of one-fifth part of the plantation for no other cause than to con- 
vean themselves with the public buildings hereafter to be erected, 
whereas they do not own one inch of the settling lots in the three 
tears of settling lots, and the owners of one hundred and eighty- 
two lots of land are opposed to the prayer of said petition. 

5th. Because the inhabitants living on the three tears of lots 
are opposed to being set off. 

6th. Because the owners of the soil of the three tears of lots 
own farms and other landed property in said plantation, and we 
pray that they may not be separated. These being our reasons, 
which we conceive will be ample suflScient to prevent the above- 
mentioned prayer from being granted. We however gladly submit 
them to your honers' better judgement and as in duty bound will 
ever pray. 

Waterfoed, Oct. 27, 1796. 

r Africa Hamlin, 
Com. ■< ISTath'l Chamberlain, 
(Malboro Kingman. 



62 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

With this protest was sent the following petition : 

COMMONWEALTH OF MASSACHUSETTS. 

To the Honorable Senate and House of Eepresentatives of the 
Commonwealth aforesaid in General Court assembled. 

Your petitioners, being the inhabitants and non-resident propri- 
etors of the plantation of Waterford in the county of Cumberland,^ 
beg leave to inform your honors that there is between fifty and 
sixty families in said plantation; that the inhabitants labour under 
many inconveniences for want of proper authority to raise money 
for the support of schools and various other purposes to promote 
the peace and prosperity of the plantation. Your petitioners there- 
fore pray that the inhabitants of said plantation may be incorpor- 
ated with the privilege of a body politick, reference being had to 
the confirmation of the grant of the town for the bounds of the 
same and as in duty bound will ever pray. 

PROPRIETORS AND INHABITANTS. 

John Nurse, David McElwain, 

Colman B. "Watson, Joel Atherton, 

Thaddeus Brown, David Hammond, 

William Brown, Abijah Swan, 

Ephriam Chamberlain, Jonathan Longley, 

Malboro Kingman, Africa Hamlin, 

John Atherton, Moses Stone, 

Daniel Barker, Asaph Brown, 

Jacob Gibson, Jonathan Bobbins, 

John Holland, Phineas Whitney, 

Oliver Hale, Eli Longley, 

Abijah Brown, Silas Brown, 

Abraham Conant, Solomon Stone, 

John Stevens, James Chamberlain, 

Stephen Sanderson, Francis Gardner, 

Reuben "Whitney, Jotham Johnson, 

Isaac Smith, James Kendall, jr. 
Nathaniel Chamberlain. 

1 The use of Cumberland instead of York was doubtless a slip of the pen. 



INCORPORATION OF WATERFORD. 63 

Read and concurred in by House of Representa- 
tives Nov. 17, 1796. 

To this the original petitioners sent the following 
answer : 

To the Honourable Senate and Honourable House of Representa- 
tives of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in General Court 
assembled, November A.D. 1796. 

The memorial of us the subscribers, inhabitants of the planta- 
tion of Waterford, humbly showeth that a plantation meeting was 
held by the inhabitants of this place on the 29th of September 
past. It was voted in said meeting that the inhabitants do not 
consent to have any part of their plantation annexed to Cummings 
Purchase, consequently a remonstrance was ordered to be pre- 
sented to your honors against a former petition presented by your 
memorialists, praying that this plantation might be incorporated, 
exclusive of three tears of lots on the east part, which lots we pray 
might be annexed to Cummings Purchase. The business of said 
meeting was transacted under the assumed appelation of a majori- 
ty of the inhabitants, but your memorialists beg leave to observe 
that the business of said meeting was hurled on in an uncommon 
manner; the people had not collected when the vote was taken, 
persons were allowed to vote that were not inhabitants of the 
plantation, consequently a small majority was obtained. Your 
memorialists humbly concieve that such a mode of proceeding was 
as contrary to law as it was void of justice. Your memorialists 
beg leave further to observe that considerable contentions have 
arisen in this place respecting a spot on which to erect a meeting- 
house. A respectable number of the principal inhabitants that 
were opposed to each other mutually agreed to chuse a disinter- 
ested committee from other towns to determine on the spot where 
to erect a meeting-house. The committee was accordingly chosen, 
consisting of three gentlemen, viz. , Moses Ames, William Swan, 
and Josiah Pierce, esquire. They met and acted on the matter 
and their report was that Davenports hill so called was the most 
suitable place for a meeting-house as the town was then situated. 



64 



HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 



"We beg leave to inform your honors that the above-mentioned bill 
is the most central place of the inhabitants now and in our opinion 
ever will be, and if a former prayer is granted by your honors re- 
specting three tears of lots being annexed to Cummings Purchase, 
it will be within a few rods of the center of the town. These 
things your memorialists can abundantly prove if further proof is 
necessary. We beg your honors to take these matters into your 
consideration, and do as your honors should think proper and we 
as in duty bound will ever pray. 



Eleazer Hamlin, 
Phillip Hor, 
Abram Hor, 
Ezekial Sanders, 
Humphrey Sanders, 
John Hor, 
Joshua Sanders, 
David Whitcomb, 
Seth Ramsdell, 
Isaac Hor, 
Samuel Plummer, 
Nathaniel Jewett, 
William Warren, 
Nathan Jewett, 
Stephen Cummings, 
Hannibal Hamlin, 
Phineas Sampson. 



Stephen Jewett, 
Ebenezer Jewett, 
Samuel Warren, 
Richard Bryant, 
Samuel Sampson , 
Samuel Brigham, 
Asa Case, 
Benjiman Flint, 
Darius Holt, 
Lemuel Shee, 
Daniel Chaplin, 
Abijah Warren, 
Benjiman Sampson, 
Thomas Green, 
Daniel Green, 
Thomas Green, jr. 



Read and concurred in by House and Senate Feb. 
3, 1797. 

Feb. 14, 1797. The standing committee of both 
houses for the incorporation of towns reported that 
the petitioners have leave to bring in a bill of incor- 
poration, excepting the three easternmost tiers of 
lots in said plantation. 



INCOEPORATION OF WATERFORD. 65 

March 2, 1797. An act of incorporation was 
passed. It read as follows : 

An act to incorporate part of the plantation called Waterf ord , in 
the county of York, into a town by the name of Waterford. 
Sect. 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Eepresenta- 
tives, in General Court assembled, and by the authority of the 
same. That all that part of the plantation aforesaid which is con- 
tained within the following bounds, viz., beginning at the north- 
westerly corner of Otisfleld, thence running north, 65 degrees 
east, twelve hundred and seventy rods, by said Otisfield to the di- 
viding line between the third and fourth tier of lots, westerly from 
the easterly side line of said Waterf ord ; thence north, 25 degrees 
west, on the dividing line between the said third and fourth tier of 
lots to the north-westerly side line of said "Waterford; thence 
south, 65 degrees west, 640 rods, on a new township called Oxford 
to a stake and stones; thence south, 65 degrees west, 650 rods, to 
a stake and stones; thence south, 65 degrees west, 340 rods, to a 
stone set in the ground; thence south, 25 degrees east, 160 rods, 
to a stone in the ground; thence south, 65 degrees west, 315 rods, 
to a stake and stones standing in the easterly side line of said Kew 
Suncook; thence south, 25 degrees east, by said Kew Suucook, 
2,020 rods west, to a pine tree, the south-westerly corner of said 
Waterford, which is the south-easterly corner of the aforesaid 
New Suncook, standing in the northerly end line of Bridgton 
aforesaid; thence south, 25 degrees east, 100 rods, to the first 
bound, together with the inhabitants thereon, be and hereby is in- 
corporated into a town by the name of Waterford; and the said 
town is hereby invested with all the powers, privileges, and im- 
munities which other towns in this Commonwealth do or may by 
law enjoy. 

Sect. 2, And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, 
that Simon Frye, Esq., be and he hereby is empowered to issue 
his warrant to some suitable person, inhabitant of said Waterford, 
requiring time to notify and warn the inhabitants thereof to meet 
at some convenient time and place, for the purpose of choosing 



66 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

all such officers as towns are required by law to choose, in the 
month of March or April annually. 

The plantation history of Waterford covered a 
space of twenty-two years, from 1775 to 1797, or for 
statistical convenience from 1775 to 1800. During 
this time the growth of the State and county was 
very rapid, as will be seen by the following table, 
which gives the population of each at different dates 
between those years until after 1820. The following 
and subsequent tables are taken from Greenleaf's 
Survey of Maine. 



Counties.^ 


1775.2 


1777.2 


1784.2 


1790. 


1800. 


York, 


15,000 


15,908 


19,909 


27,560 


34,284 


Cumberland, 


12,000 


13,476 


15,621 


23,481 


31,898 


Lincoln, 


9,000 


12,916 


20,791 


18,608 


27,998 


Waldo, 








2,432 


6,695 


Hancock, 








5,763 


8,947 


Washington, 








2,526 


4,536 


Kennebec, 








9,105 


17,995 


Oxford, 








3,3333 


9,896 


Somerset, 








2,146 


5,509 


Penobscot, 








1,154 


3,009 


Total, 


36,000 


42,400 


56,321 


96,108 


151,719 



1 The numbers in this table previous to the year 1790, assigned to York 
and Cumberland counties, include also all which at that time were settled 
in the present county of Oxford and a part of Franklin county; and those 
assigned to Lincoln include all the residue of the State. At and after the 
year 1790, the numbers express the population of the towns and planta- 
tions which in 1820 formed the respective counties, without regard to ex- 
tent at the time of enumeration. 

2 The population these years are estimates. 

8 Oxford county at this time included the towns of Jay, Livermore, 
and Turner. These towns are included in Oxford county in making up 
the county population, but excluded from the list of towns. In all town 
lists I shall give only those towns that are now included in Oxford 
county. 



INCOEPORATION OF WATERFORD. 67 

The double line of incorporated towns on the 
coast between the Piscataqua and Penobscot bay in 
1775, had now reached an average width of ten/ 
with a wide fringe of flourishing plantations behind 
them. Between the Penobscot and St. Croix there 
was now an average width of two incorporated 
towns. The number of towns had increased from 
thirty-four to one hundred and thirty-six. Oxford 
county, which McWain twenty-five years before 
had found a wilderness except at Pequawkett and 
Sudbury Canada, now contained twelve incorporated 
towns and as many large plantations. Between the 
same dates the population of the Province of Maine 
had increased from 36,000 to 151,729, a gain of 
more than four hundred per cent in less than one 
generation. This great increase was largely due to 
immigration.*^ 

Greenleaf estimates the yearly increase by immi- 
gration between 1775 and 1800 to have been 2,600, 
or in the aggregate 47,112. The bulk of these im- 

1 Here and there among these towns were large plantations which 
for economic or other reasons had delayed incorporation. 

2 Massachusetts and Connecticut swarmed for f oi-ty years after the 
close of the Revolutionary war. Between 1782 and 1820 Massachusetts 
lost by migration 288,546 of her population, Connecticut 237,659. 
Most of the emigrants from eastern Massachusetts, between the first 
date and 1810, settled in Maine and New Hampshire ; those from the 
western part of the State in New Hampshire, Vermont, and New York. 
The Connecticut emigrants between the same dates went to Vermont 
and the Middle States for the most part. 



68 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

migrants came from eastern Massachusetts, and 
were for the most part adult males and females. 

The old towns of Oxford county received their 
population direct from Massachusetts, the newer by 
migration from the older either in Oxford or Cum- 
berland counties. The rule will hold good in our 
county, that the more direct the population of a 
town came from Massachusetts the his/her the civili- 
zation of that town has always been. It was this 
wholesale migration from Massachusetts and Con- 
necticut into northern New England after the Revo- 
lution, that made the institutions and character of 
northern and southern New England homogeneous. 

The following table gives an incomplete yet in- 
teresting statement of the population of the towns 
in Oxford county in 1790 ^ and 1800. 

1790 1800 
Albany (Oxford) * settled 1784, incorporated 1803, 69 
Andover (E. Andover), settled 1780, incorporated 1804, 22 175 
Bethel and Hanover (Sudbury Canada), settled 1773, in- 
corporated 1796, 100 616 
Brownfield (Brownsfield), settled 1765, incorporated 1800, 250 287 
Buckfield (Buck-town or No. 5) , settled 1776, incor. 1793, 453 1002 
Dixfield,* settled 1795, incorporated 1803, 137 
Fryeburg and Stow (Fryeburg-addition, Pequawkett), 

settled 1763, incorporated 1777, 547 734 

Gilead (Peabodys Patent),* settled 1780, incor. 1805, 88 

1 The towns starred made no returns of population ; with the excep- 
tion of Paris they could have had but a handful of settlers each. The 
population, not enumerated, could not have exceeded 500 either year. 



LIST OF TAX PATERS, 1797. 



69 



Hartford (East Butterfield),* settled 1783, incor. 1798, 
Hebron and Oxford (Philips Gore), settled 1776, incor- 
porated 1792, 
Hiram, settled 1780, incorporated 1807, 
Lovell and Sweden (New Suncook),* settled 1777, incor- 
porated 1800, 
Newry (Bostwick),* settled 1781, incorporated 1805, 
Norway (Rustfield, Lees Grant, Cummings Purchase), 

settled 1781, incorporated 1796, 
Paris (No. 4),* settled 1779, incorporated 1793, 
Porter (Portersfield),* settled 1784, incorporated 1807, 
Rumford (New Penacook),* settled 1777, incor. 1800, 
Sumner (West Butterfield), settled 1783, incor. 1798, 
Waterfordji settled 1775, incorporated 1797, 



243 



530 


981 


192 


203 




202 




92 


448 


609 




844 




272 




262 


189 


330 


150 


535 



TOWN HISTORY. 



1797 — 1820. 



The following is a list of the tax payers in Water- 
ford at the time of its incorporation, the lot and 
range on which each settled, and the names of the 
parties now owning or occupying them. 



Names. 
Joel Atherton, 
John Atherton, 
John Atherton, jr., 
Samuel Brigham, 
Asaph Brown, 
Abijah Brown, 



1797. 
L. 9, R. 2. 
L. 9, R. 2. 
L. 6, R. 4. 
L. 2, R. 9. 
L. 5, R. 5. 
L. 3, R. 5. 



1875. 
Jonas Atherton. 

John Atherton. 

Manson. 

N. of Mr. Stanwood's. 
George K. Hamlin. 



iWaterford had fourteen polls in 1786. Beckoning five inhabitants to a 
poll, this would make a population of seventy. 



70 



HISTORICAL ADDEESS. 



Adonijah Brown, 
John Brown, 
Thaddeus Brown, 
William Brown, 
Silas Brown, 
Daniel Barker, 
Daniel Barker, jr., 
Joseph Barker, 
Edward Baker, 
Daniel Chaplin, 
David Chaplin, 
Dr. Stephen Cummings, 
Mrs. Eunice Conant, 
Ephraim Chamberlain, 
N athaniel Chamberlain, 
John Chamberlain, 
Ephraim Davenport, 
Josiah Dudley, 
Zechariah Fletcher, 
Samuel Earnsworth. 
Lieut. Thomas Green, 
Daniel Green, 
Jacob Gibson, 
Oliver Hale, 
Israel Hale, 
Benjamin Hale, 
Hannibal Hamlin, 
Eleazer Hamlin, 
America Hamlin, 
Africa Hamlin, 
David Hammond, 
Jonathan Houghton, 
Abram Hor, 
Philip Hor, 
Isaac Hor, 
John Hor, 



L. 3, R. 4. 


Capt. L. Houghton. 


L. 9, R. 8. 




L. 8, R. 7. 


A. K. P. Kimball. 


L. 8, R. 7. 


Thaddeus Brown. 


L. 7, R. 7. 


A. K. Cross. 


L. 2, R. 4. 


A. W. Hale. 


L. 2, R. 4. 


(( u 


L. 2, R. 4. 


I. S. Cheever. 


L. 11, R. 3. 


John I^". Baker. 


L. 3, R. 12. 


Misses S. & H. Chaplin. 


L. 6, R. 12. 




L. 6, R. 7. 


Rev. John A. Douglass. 


L. 5, R. 5. 


West of Mr. Stanwood's, 


L. 9, R. 9. 


A. Kimball. 


L. 2, R. 3. 


Eleazer Hamlin. 


L. 6, R. 7. 


AVilliam Kingman, jr. 


L. 6, R. 7. 


Charles L. Plummer. 


L. 4, R. 1. 


Pine Grove House. 


L. 9, R. 3. 


J. Fogg. 


L. 4, R. 12. 


Cyrus Green. 


L. 4, R. 12. 


(( (( 


L. 4, R. 4. 


J. S. Grant. 


L. 4, R. 5. 


Mrs. C. Perley. 


L. 5, R. 5. 


Thomas Swan, 


L. 1, R. 4. 


Eleazer Hamlin. 


L. 8, R. 4. 


D. Purington. 


L. 5, R. 7. 


Rev. Mr. Kendall. 


L. 3, R. 3. 


Charles Hamlin. 


L. 6, R. 4. 


Charles Jordan. 


L. 10, R. 3. 


Fogg. 


L. 7, R. 2. 


Stearns. 


L. 4, R. 9. 


Philip Hor. 


L. 4, R. 9. 


(( a 


L. 6, R. 12. 


A. Allen. 


L. 6, R. 12. 


T. Kilborn. 



LIST OF TAX PAYEES, 1797, 



71 



Capt. Stephen Jewett, L. 5, R. 13. 

liTathan Jewett, L. 5, R. 13. 
Lieut. Ebenezer Jewett, L. 6, R. 13. 

Nathaniel Jewett, L. 6, R. 13. 

Widow Sally Jewell, L. 5, R. 5. 

John Jewell, L. 7, R. 8. 

Asa Johnson, L. 10, R. 8. 
Malboro Kingman, 
Lebeus Kingman. 

Joseph Kilgore, L. 7, R. 4. 

Benjamin Kilgore, L. 7, R. 4. 

Eli Longley, L. 6, R. 6. 

Jona Longley, L. 4, R. 4. 

David McWain, L. 10, R. 5. 

Ebenezer Moulton, L. 2, R. 6. 

John Nurse, L. 8, R. 11. 

Samuel Plummer, L. 5, R. 8. 

Seth Ramsdell, L. 6, R. 9. 

Eber Rice, L. 7, R. 10. 

Jona Robbins, L. 5, R. 6. 

Jeremiah Robbins, L. 5, R. 6. 

James Robbins, L. 5, R. 5. 

Mrs. Betsey Sanders, L. 6, R. 7. 

Ezekiel Sanders, L. 6, R. 9. 

Humphrey Sanders, L. 1, R. 11. 

Samuel Sanders, L. 6, R. 10. 

Stephen Sanderson, L. 2, R. 5. 

Phineas Sampson, L. 6, R. 8. 

Benjamin Sampson, L. 5, R. 11. 

Samuel Sampson, L. 6, R. 9. 
Josiah Shaw, L. 3, R. 6. 

Jonathan Shaw. 
Thomas Sinclair. 



Samuel H. "Warren. 
Peter E. Mosher. 
Earnum Jewett. 

Stanwood's Bucket Fac- 
tory. 
Where the town farm is. 
J. Chadbourne. 
L. 10, R. 7. Benjamin Pride. 



Calvin Hamlin. 
Andorus Kilgore. 
Dr. Shattuck. 
Under Bald Pate. 
Solomon Hall. 
Josiah Willard, 
Pike. 



J. C. 



George W. Plummer. 
William Plummer. 
C. Rice. 
Stanwood's Pasture. 

Frank Chute, Wm. Mon- 
roe, W. A. Monroe. 
Amos Sanders. 
Freeman Horr. 
C. Kneeland. 
Freeman Horr. 
William Haines. 
Eben Plummer. 

Joel Plummer. 
J. M. Shaw. 



72 



HISTOEICAL ADDRESS. 



Isaac Smith, 
Solomon Stone, 
Moses Stone, 
Joel Stone, 
William Stone, 
Simeon Stone, 
Elijah Swan, 
Samuel Warren, 
William Warren, 
Abijah Warren, 
Coleman Watson, 
Eliphalet Watson, 
David Whitcomb, 
James Wright, 



L. 5, R. 5. 
L. 8, R. 9. 
L. 9, R. 4. 
L. 8, R. 9. 
L. 9, R. 8. 
L. 9, R. 4. 
L. 8, R. 4. 
L. 4, R. 12. 
L. 2, R. 11. 
L. 3, R. 11. 
L. 8, R. 8. 
L. 8, R. 2. 
L. 2, R. 6. 
L. 1, R. 4. 



Luther Houghton. 

Everett. 

Sumner Stone. 
John Everett. 
Andrew Kimball. 
Sumner Stone. 
Henry Young. 
Daniel Warren. 
Henry Jewett. 
Isaac Jewett. 
Edward Hilton. 
Jona. P. Howe. 
Samuel S. Watson. 
George Learned. 



The valuation of the town in 1800 was $29,395. 
The following is a list of the live stock owned in 
town that year. 

Horses, 79 

Colts, two years old, 8 

Colts, one year old, 13 

Oxen, 118 

Cows and three year olds, 298 

Cattle, 2 years old, 102 

Cattle, 1 year old, 115 

Two years later the number of dwelling-houses 
was 107. Of these six were two-storied, eighty-six 
were low-framed or one story, and JBfteen were log. 
There were but one or two finished houses in town. 
There were eighty framed barns. This is a good 
record for less than twenty years of work. It must 
be borne in mind that McWain was the only settler 
in Waterford until 1784. 



PHYSICAL FEATURES: ORIGIN OF NAMES. 73 

Waterford when incorporated (and no change has 
been made since in its boundary lines) was seven 
and one half miles long, and six and three-fourths 
wide. It contains 50,625 square miles, or 31,775 
acres, 1,734 of which are included in ponds. The 
course of the town lines is 22^ 30' west and vice 
versa. Its latitude is 44° 8' north ; its longitude is 
78° 35' west from London. 

Waterford lies among the foot hills of the White 
mountain chain ; it is the last town among them 
to the south-east. The great physical feature of 
the town is Beech hilP with its numerous peaks. 
This hill includes all of Waterford north of Moose, 
Bear, Tom, and Mc Wains ponds, and west of Crooked 
river. The western slopes of this hill lie in Lovell 
and Sweden. Its different peaks are known as the 
Beech, Howard, Jewett, Proctor, and Rice hills. 

Beech hill gained its name from its heavy growth 
of beech. This was not a very common wood in 
Massachusetts; naturally it attracted the attention 
of the early settlers. The different peaks are all 
named after the first settlers who owned them. 

The north and east sides of Beech hill have a deep 
soil ; but on these slopes the hill is " iron-sided." In 

II follow the geological rather than the traditional or local view, in 
grouping all the hills north of Tom pond and west of Crooked river 
as peaks of Beech hill. 
6 



74 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

spite of this there is no more profitable farming land 
in Waterford if it is patiently worked. It is well 
adapted to orcharding, and for the most part makes 
excellent pasturage. The south and west sides of 
the hill are much less rugged than the other slopes. 
There are no better upland farms in Oxford county, 
and certainly none more beautiful for location, than 
those in West Waterford and along the Plummer 
ridge. The lowlands in the extreme northern part 
of the town and along the Crooked river are made 
up of plain and meadow, the one good land for 
crops the other for grass. 

Besides Beech hill the town contains several smaller 
mountains. Bald Pate was so named by the early 
settlers because its top, when the town was settled, 
was entirely denuded of trees ; a fire had just swept 
over it. 

Mt. Tire 'm is said to have received its name from 
the expression used by the Indians when climbing 
its steep sides, " tire um Injuns." Hawk mountain 
was named by some lumbermen from Westbrook, 
who were " masting " at its foot, nearly a century ago. 
They saw a large hawk fly over it and so gave it its 
name. Bear mountain was so called because a bear 
was killed while attempting to swim the pond at its 
foot. Temple hill was so named because many of 
the early settlers came from Temple, Mass. Below 
the chain of ponds that cross our town lie beautiful 



PHYSICAL FEATURES: ORIGIN OF NAMES. 75 

ridges. No fairer slopes than these can be found in 
Maine. 

In the valleys at the foot of Beech hill lie eight of 
our ten ponds, the pride of our town. The largest 
covers 484 the smallest 40 acres — 1,734 in all. It 
would be hard to find an elevation of any considera- 
ble importance in Waterford from which a number 
of these ponds are not in sight. 

The origin of the names of some of our ponds is 
doubtful. I give the traditions for what they are 
worth. The Kezar ponds (and what is called Chap- 
lins pond is properly one of the Kezars) were named 
after a celebrated hunter by the name of Kezar, who 
haunted that net-work of ponds — Kezar pond in 
Fryeburg, upper Kezar pond in Lovell, and the Ke- 
zars in Waterford. Doubtless the Kezars and Chap- 
lins ponds, together with the meadows of Daniel 
Warren and George Green, were a great pond until 
Nature burst the granite dam at Kezar Falls, and 
converted a single fall into what is now a beautiful 
cascade. 

Pappoose pond is said to have been so named by 
the Indians, because a pappoose was drowned there 
before the whites came to Waterford. This may be 
true, as the first settlers found an Indian opening 
just east of the pond, as well as one near Prides 
bridge. McWains, Bog, Island, and Duck ponds 
gained their names for obvious reasons. 



76 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

Thomas pond is said to have received its name 
from Thomas Chamberlain, who, when chased by the 
Indians, hid under a shelving rock on the south side 
of it. This rock is half out of water in a dry time. 
Tradition also says that this was the Chamberlain 
who killed Paugus in the Lovewell fight. I may 
here state that the Chamberlain family was always 
freely drawn on by our fathers when it was necessa- 
ry to find a hero in Indian skirmish or legend. 

Bear and Moose ponds are said to have received 
their names because early in the history of the town 
a bear was killed in one and a moose in the other. 
Crooked river was so called on account of its 
crooked course in the town, its whole length in 
Waterford being eighteen miles and fourteen rods. 
Another and the proper name for this river is 
Songo, as it drains Songo pond in Albany and was 
so called by the Indians. 

But to return to the early days of our town his- 
tory. On the 7th of March, 'Squire Frye, as directed 
by the General Court of Massachusetts, instructed 
Eleazar Hamlin to summon the people of Waterford 
to assemble at the new dwelling-house of Dr. 
Stephen Cummings to choose the town ofiicers re- 
quired by law. 

I give the summons and the proceedings of the 
first and second town meetings in full, excepting an 



FIRST TOWN MEETINGS. 77 

item concerning the building of some roads in the 
western part of the town. 

COMMONWEALTH OF MASSACHUSETTS. 

York ss. To Eleazar Haraliu of Waterford iu said county, 
greeting. 

In the name of the Commonwealth aforesaid you are hereby re- 
quired and directed to notify and warn all the freeholders and 
other inhabitants of the town of Waterford, in due coars of law, 
who are qualified as the law directs to vote in town meetings, to 
assemble and meet at the new dwelling-house of Stephen Cum- 
mings in said Waterford, on Thursday the twenty-seventh day of 
April next, at ten o'clock in the forenoon, and when so assembled 
to proceed and choose a moderator to govern said meeting and all 
such officers as towns are by law required to choose in the month 
of March or April annually. 

Given under my hand and seal at Fryeburg in said county of 
York, the twenty-seventh day of March, in the 3'ear of our Lord 
one thousand seven hundred and ninety-seven, and twenty-first 
year of the independence of the United States of America. 

Simon Frye, Justice Peace. 

By virtue of a warrant directed to me by the Hon. Simon Frye, 
Esq., I hereby notify and warn all the freeholders and other in- 
habitants of the town of Waterford, qualified as the law directs to 
vote in town meetings, to assemble and meet at the new dwelling- 
house of Doct. Stephen Cummings in said Waterford, Thursday the 
twenty-seventh day of the present month, at ten o'clock in the 
forenoon, and when so assembled to proceed 

1st. To choose a moderator to govern said meeting. 

21y. To choose all such officers as towns are by law required to 

choose in the month of March or April annually. 

Waterford, April 6, 1797. 

-c^^^ ,„.-r. rr .,,-.■ T-vT S Inhabitant 
Eleazar Hamlin, | ^^ Waterford. 



78 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

"Waterford, April 27, 1797. 
I hereby certify that I have notified and warned the inhabitants 
of the town of Waterford to meet at the time and place and for 
the purpose within mentioned, in compliance with a warrant to me 
directed by the Hon. Simon Fry e, Esq. 

Eleazar Hamlin. 



On the first artical choose Africa Hamlin, moderator. 

21y. Choose Africa Hamlin, town clerk. 

Sly. Choose Lt. Molbory Kingman , moderator. 

41y. Choose Africa Hamlin, first selectman. 
Choose Daniel Chaplin, second selectman. 
Choose Solomon Stone, third selectman. 

51y. Choose Africa Hamlin, Daniel Chaplin, and Solomon 
Stone, assessors. 

61y. 

71y. Choose David Whitcomb, constable and collector. 

Sly. Choose David Whitcomb, Doct. Stephen Cummings, John 
Athertou, Edward Baker, Joel Stone, Daniel Barker, Isaac Smith, 
Abijah Warren, and Molbory Kingman, surveyors of the highways. 

91y. Choose Eleazar Hamlin, John Kurse, Daniel Barker, tith- 
ingmen. 

lOly. Choose Daniel Green, deer reaf. 

Illy. Choose Ebenezer Jewett, Samuel Plummer, Oliver Hap- 
good, Molbory Kingman, Elijah Swan, and Israel Hale, hog con- 
stables. 

121y. Choose Phineas Sampson, pound keeper. 

131y. Choose Benjaman Killgore, Eliphalet Watson, Kathaniel 
Jewett, and Asa Jonson, field drivers. 

141y. Choose Silas Brown, leather sealer. 

151y. Choose Doct. Stephen Cummings, sealer of waits and 
measures. 

161y. Choose Colman Watson, surveyor of lumber. 

171y. Choose Josiah Shaw and Benjaman Sampson, fence viewers. 



FIRST TOWN MEETINGS. 79 

The report of a town meeting held June 7, 1797, 
at Dr. Stephen Cummings', runs as follows : 

The iahabitaats being meet, proseded to business. 

21y artical. Voted one hundred dollars for the purpose of hiring 
preaching in said town the present seson. 

Sly artical. Voted to rais one hundred dollars for schooling and 
appropriated by the selectmen. 

41y. Voted to rais five hundred dollars to make and mend roads. 

51y. Voted six shillings a da}' shall be allovvd for a man till the 
last of September by working ten hours, after that fore shillings. 
Voted three shillings for a yoak of oxon. 

61y. Voted to rais one hundred dollars to defray town charges. 

71y. Voted the selectmen be a committee to procure a preacher 
in the best method in their power. 

8Iy. Choose Eli Longley, treasuror. 

Choose Daniel Barker, highway surveyor. 

91y. Voted that the warrants for town meetings shall be posted 
up at Mr. Eli Longley 's. 

Voted to reconsider the 9th article. 

lOly. Voted that the town meeting shall be warned by being 
posted at the corn mill (Ezra Jewell's) and Doct. Stephen Cum- 
mings', and that each adjournment shall be posted by the town 
clerk at each place above mentioned. 

At a town meeting held at Eli Longley's Aug. 21, 
1797, the following items of business among others 
were transacted : 

21y. Voted that town of Waterford petition the General Cort 
at their next session for to let the town be joined to the county 
of Cumberland. 

51y. Voted that a committee of five should be chosen to district 
out the town into school districts. Voted Eli Longley, America 



80 HISTOEICAL ADDEESS. 

Hamlin, Eber Eice, Eliphlet Watson, Samuel Warren be a com- 
mittee for the purpose. 

61y. Voted that the sum of eighty dollars be granted to build 
each scholhous. 

71y. Voted that the town meetings shall be held at Mr. Eli 
Longley's for the future. 

Sly. Voted to except the Constitution of the State of mane. 
Voted to not send a deligate. Voted to wright to the convention 
at Hallowell. 

91y. Voted that the selectmen be a committee to petition the 
General Cort for to let the town of Waterford to the county of 
Cumberland. 

The proceedings of the first town meeting are sig- 
nificant; for after choosing town officers, the first 
vote that the town took was to appropriate out of 
their poverty $100 for preaching; the second vote 
appropriated $100 for schooling; then the town 
turned its attention to roads. We will, if you please, 
preserve this order, so characteristic of the God- 
fearing, intelligent, and business-like fathers of our 
town. 

During the summers 1797 and 1798 the town 
hired Rev. Lincoln Ripley of Concord, Mass., to 
preach to them, paying him thirty dollars each year 
for his services besides boarding him and his horse. 
His trips to Waterford were probably missionary 
tours, undertaken while pursuing theological studies 
with Dr. Ezra Ripley of Concord, Mass., his brother. 



ECCLESIASTICAL AFFAIRS: CONGREGATIONALISTS. 81 

July 1, 1798, the town voted/ fifty- two to seven- 
teen, to call Mr. Ripley. Messrs. John Nurse, Joel 
Stone, Daniel Barker, Hezekiah Hapgood, and Africa 
Hamlin were appointed a committee to present the 
invitation. The salary offered was this, two hun- 
dred pounds^ as a settlement. This included the 
use of the ministerial lands, valued at one hundred 
and fifty pounds, seventy pounds salary for the first 
year, and five pounds additional each year until it 
should amount to a hundred pounds, — this to con- 
tinue during his active ministerial life. Should he 
become incapacitated for work he was to receive a 
pension of fifty pounds a year during his natural life. 
This salary was payable in produce at its market 
rates, with ten per cent deducted for prompt quar- 
terly payment. For ten years or more the town 
sold at public auction at town meeting the supply- 
ing of ten cords of wood to Rev. Mr. Ripley ; the 
average price was $1.00 a cord. 

Mr. Ripley accepted the call and returned to 
Waterford, preaching most of the time until his 
installation, Oct. 1, 1799. The council to ordain 

1 Appropriations for support of minister, supplying him with wood, 
and hiring a janitor were articles in the warrant, and were as freely 
and warmly discussed in town meetings as road, school, or other gen- 
eral appropriation. 

2 The pound was equivalent to three dollars and thirty-three cents in 
decimal currency ; the shilling to sixteen and two-thirds cents. 



82 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

and install him met at the house of Dr. Stephen 
Cummings, where Rev. John A. Douglass now 
lives. There were present at this council Rev. Dr. 
Ezra Ripley of Concord, Mass., Rev. Nathan Church 
of Bridgton, Rev. William Fessenden of Fryeburg, 
Rev. Mr. Robie of Otisfield, Rev. John Simkins of 
Harwich, Mass., Rev. Samuel Hidden of Tamworth, 
N. H., Rev. Mr. Marrett of Standish, Hon. Simon 
Frye, Esq. of Fryeburg, and Deacon Peabody of 
Bridgton. 

Naturally the clergymen in this council came 
from a distance, for at this time there was but one 
Congregational minister within the limits of Oxford 
county. Rev. William Fessenden of Fryeburg ; there 
were two Baptist ministers at that time in the coun- 
ty, one at Fryeburg the other at Paris. The growth 
of Congregationalism in Oxford county was slow, for 
in 1813 there were but thirteen Congregational 
churches in this county, although there were four- 
teen Calvinist Baptist churches; most of the latter 
have become extinct. 

To return to the council. Rev. William Fessen- 
den was chosen moderator. Rev. Mr. Marrett, scribe. 
The pastor elect passed a satisfactory examination. 
The council then organized the church. It was com- 
posed of the following members : 



INSTALLATION OF MR. RIPLEY. 83 

Edward Baker, Eber Rice, 

David Chaplin, Joel Stone, 

Daniel Chaplin, Solomon Stone, 

Ephraim Chamberlain, Ezekiel Sanders, 
Thomas Green, Samuel Sanders, 

Stephen Jewett, Stephen Sanderson, 

Nathan Jewett, Samuel Warren, 

Eben Jewett, David Whitcomb, 

Samuel Plummer, James Wright. 

The deacons chosen were John Nurse, Stephen 
Jewett, and Ephraim Chamberlain. 

It is noticeable that in the early records of the 
old Congregational and Baptist churches no mention 
is made of female membership, although the majori- 
ty of the church then as now were women. 

The order of exercises at the ordination and in- 
stallation was as follows : 

Introductory prayer by Rev. Nathan Church. 
Sermon by Rev. Ezra Ripley, d.d. 
Ordaining prayer. Rev. Samuel Hidden. 
Charge to the pastor. Rev. William Fessenden. 
Right hand of fellowship, Rev. Mr. Robie. 
Concluding prayer by the pastor. 
The exercises took place upon a huge boulder 
which stands between the house now occupied by Mr. 
Ripley and the spot where the church was soon after 
built. The sacrament of the Lord's supper was ad- 
ministered for the first time to this church October, 



84 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

1798. Rev. Lincoln Ripley preached from the text, 
" What mean ye by this service ? " Meetings were 
held in Mr. Ripley's house or barn, as the season 
allowed, until the building of the meeting-house, 
four years later. 

The meeting-house was not located without fur- 
ther struggle. We have seen that its location de- 
layed the incorporation of the town nearly two 
years, and caused the setting off of three tiers of 
lots to Norway. 

After the incorporation of the town the north and 
north-west parts insisted upon building on Daven- 
port hill, where Samuel Plummer now resides ; the 
south and south-west parts insisted on locating it 
where Mr. Porter's house now stands. The location 
on Kingman hill was a compromise. McWain in 
particular was greatly angered by this location, and 
made an oath that he would never enter the house 
and he never did, neither attending church or town 
meeting (the town meetings for thirty years were 
held in the old meeting-house) during the rest of his 
life. Mr. Ripley remonstrated with him for absent- 
ing himself from church. "I vum," said the old 
man, " Jeptha kept his vow and I will mine." The 
story runs that the two factions were equally di- 
vided until Dea. Nurse made the majority. He was 
remonstrated with by the people in the south part 
of the town. " Blessed are the peace makers," said 



THE TOWN CHURCH. 



85 



the good deacon. Forty years later the battle was 
fought over again, and this time the south part suc- 
ceeded. 

In 1800 the town decided to build at once. 
Waterford, never niggardly, makes under date of 
Aug. 23d of that year the following liberal provision 
of rum and sug-ar for the crowd that was to do the 
grading of the land. " One barrel of good West India 
rum to be to the acceptance of the committee on 
grading, struck off to John Chamberlain at $1.56 a 
gallon. One hundred pounds of West India sugar of 
the best kind, struck off to the same at 18^ cents a 
pound." The allowance certainly was liberal, about 
a quart to a man. Capt. Ephraim Hapgood had 
charge of the rum. Tradition has preserved another 
vote passed by the crowd that assembled on that 
September morning. " Whoever gets drunk to-day 
must come to-morrow and dig a stump," runs the 
resolution. Tradition in a postscript adds that four 
or five came the next morning. 

In 1801 the frame was erected and the walls were 
covered. At the March meeting of that year I find 
the following vote was passed : " Voted to choose a 
committee of three to seat the meeting-house. Voted 
that the meeting-house be seated by age." 

The care of the meeting-house was bid off to Jo- 
siah Proctor for six dollars. The town specified his 
duties as follows : " To open the doors on all public 



86 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

days and shut them after the people had withdrawn ; 
to keep the steps clear of snow ; to sweep the house 
seven times in a year — after March meeting, April 
meeting, in the months of May, July, September, 
November, and January j to provide water when 
there shall be any children to be christened." Sure- 
ly this laborer was worthy of his hire. 

The cost of the meeting-house was about $3,000 ; 
the pews sold at auction for a little more than 
$2,000. It was a heavier burden than the war debt 
incurred by Waterford in the late Rebellion, for the 
valuation of Waterford in 1802 was only $30,130. 
The cost of the meeting-house therefore represented 
one-tenth of the valuation of the town. The same 
year the town raised $1,000 for general expenses, 
and finished its payment for school-houses just built, 
about $600. The men who made a pleasure jaunt 
of carrying a bushel of corn ten miles to mill, who 
often felled an acre of hard wood growth in a day, 
laughed at burdens like these. 

For those days the old church was a handsome 
structure. I have before me as I write a plan of it. 
It stood north and south, and consisted of main 
house and porch. The main house was forty by 
fifty, the posts were twenty feet high ; the porch 
was sixteen feet square, the posts being a little lower 
than in the main house. Around it ran two rows of 
windows ; the upper tier in the main house contin- 



THE TOWN CHURCH. 87 

ued around the porch. There were three entrances, 
all at the porch, one at the front and one on either 
side. 

To the main house there was but a single en- 
trance, and this at the center. Square pews com- 
menced on either side of this entrance, and continued 
around the walls of the house within perhaps ten 
feet of the pulpit. This intervening space on either 
side was filled with slips like the pews in a modern 
meeting-house. The slips on the right hand of the 
pulpit were called the men's seats, on the left the 
women's seats. These were in early times seats of 
honor, occupied by the old men and women ; later 
they fell into partial disuse, except as they were oc- 
cupied by the deacons at communion service. The 
body of the house was divided by a broad aisle, on 
either side of which were two rows of small square 
pews, irreverently called " sheep-pens." 

The pulpit was a box or close pulpit, with doors 
on either side. The top of it was in the general 
shape of the letter V, though the stiffness of the 
legs of the angle was relieved by curves and breaks. 
Its top was covered with an elegant cushion, pre- 
sented to the church by Rev. Dr. Channing's society, 
of Boston. Fastened in a socket and attached to 
the base of the pulpit was a baptismal font, the 
frame of iron not unlike in shape the skeleton of a 
bracket lamp. 



88 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

Around three sides of the church ran a gallery, 
reached by stairs in the porch, and by a single door 
directly over the entrance to the lower floor. Square 
wall pews ran around the gallery on either side. In 
front of these was an aisle. Three short aisles led 
from this, at right angles, to the front of the gallery, 
one in front of the entrance door and one on either 
side. The spaces between these short aisles were 
filled with a double row of benches. The slips on 
the right side were called the men's seats, those on 
the left the women's seats. They were free, and 
were generally occupied by irregular attendants on 
church services and the old people, save those di- 
rectly opposite the pulpit around to each side aisle, 
which were occupied by the full choir, headed by 
the responsible chorister with his wooden pitch-pipe. 

The pews throughout the church were five feet by 
six and were entered by a door, the whole sur- 
mounted by a balustrade perhaps six inches high. 
" These tempted little eyes to look through in search 
of other eyes, and little fingers to play with their 
pillars, to the great annoyance of staid mothers." A 
seat ran across the back of this pew. At the end of 
it, next the door, invariably sat the head of the fam- 
ily ; a custom borrowed perhaps from the days of 
Indian surprises, when the men must be ready at an 
instant's warning to hurry with their guns to the de- 
fense of their families. Diagonally across the pew 



THE TOWN CHURCH. 89 

sat the wife, where the choir and the minister alike 
were in full view. A short seat, long enough for 
two children, was fastened to the front of the pew. 
All these seats were hinged to cleats fastened to the 
sides of the pew. During prayer they were raised ; 
at the close of the exercise they dropped with a rat- 
tling not unlike the fire of an awkward militia squad 
at muster. 

The house was finished and ceiled with " clear 
stuff," and handsomely painted except the pews ; 
the outside of the house was painted yellow. For 
twenty years foot-stoves, soapstones, and hot bricks 
were the only means of supplying artificial heat to 
the worshipers, although many a service was held 
when the thermometer marked twenty and thirty 
degrees below zero at the door. When degener- 
ate children suggested stoves the fathers stout- 
ly opposed; but yielding to the inevitable, they 
placed the hated thing in the main passage and kept 
it fiercely hot. It filled the aisle with its glowing 
presence. Those who sat in the pews near often 
crowded away from the red-hot fury. The pew 
doors of sapless pumpkin pine tried in vain to sweat 
a protesting drop of pitch ; they only grew black in 
the face — they were slowly carbonized. To crown 
all, the stove committee instead of carrying the fun- 
nel straight to the ceiling, thence through the roof 
by a short chimney, carried it out through the lower 
7 



90 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

side windows in the rear of the house. Some of you 
remember the result. Our prevailing wind in the 
winter is north-west. These black eyes looked into 
this wind. Every adverse gust drove the smoke 
back into the house; pyroligneous acid dropped 
from every joint of the horizontal funnel, staining 
the clean pine^ pews. The blinding smoke often 
made all eyes weep within, while the black orbs 
sticking from either window wept grimy tears on 
the clean, white snow without. The sorrowing at- 
tendants often longed for the clean cold of other 
days. 

For twenty-five years the church expenses were 
met by general taxation. The ministerial tax list 
was made out by the town assessors and handed to 
the town constable for collection. The form in 
which it was made out and the manner in which it 
was collected were in all respects the same as in the 
case of the town tax for general purposes. There 
lies before me as I write the ministerial tax of 1802. 
The poll tax was seventy-five cents. Real and per- 
sonal estate were taxed six mills on a dollar. The 
amount raised was $270.06,5. I extract from the 
list the names of the ten persons who paid the high- 
est taxes and the amount assessed against them. 

David McWain, poll .75, R. E. ^5.98,2, P. E. $1.66,2, total .^8.39,4. 
Oliver Hale, poll .75, R. E. $3.36, P. E. .84, total $4.95. 
Hannibal Hamlin, polls $2.25, R. E. $1.35, P. E. .69, total $4.29. 



SUPPORT OF PREACHING. 91 

Jona. Eobbins, polls $1.50, R. E. S1.71, P. E. $1.06,8, total $4.27,8. 
Samuel Plummer, poll .75, R. E. $2.14,8, P. E. .68,2, total $3.58. 
Lt. Thos. Green, polls $1.50, R. E. $1.42,8, P. E. .78, total $3.70,8. 
Josiah Dudley, poll .75, R. E. $2.62,2, P. E. $1.05, total $4.42,2. 
Capl. Stephen Jewett,poll.75, R. E. $2.41,8, P. E. .76,2, total $3.93. 
Samuel Warren, polls $1.50, R. E. $1.22,4, P. E. .68,4, total $3.40,8. 

The remainder of the taxes vary in amount from 
seventy-five cents to three dollars and a quarter. 
The number of taxes assessed was one hundred and 
nine. 

The assessors in their warning to Mr. Brigham, 
the town constable, say : " If any person shall re- 
fuse or neglect to pay the sum that he is assessed in 
said list, you are to distrain the goods and chattels 
of such persons to the value thereof, and the distress 
so taken keep for the space of four days at the cost 
of the owner ; and if he shall not pay the sum so 
assessed to him within four days, then you are to 
sell at public vendue the distress so taken for pay- 
ment thereof with charges, first giving forty-eight 
hours' notice of such sale by putting up advertise- 
ments thereof in some public place in the town, and 
the overplus arising from such sale, if any there be, 
besides the sum assessed and the necessary charges 
of taking and keeping the distress, you are immedi- 
ately to restore to the owner. And for want of 
goods and chattels whereon to make distress, — be- 
sides tools necessary for his trade or occupation, 
beasts and plow necessary for the cultivation of his 



92 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

improved lands, any utensils of household keeping 
for the purpose of upholding life, bedding and ap- 
parel necessary for himself and family for the space 
of twelve days, — you are to take the body of such 
person so refusing or neglecting, and him commit 
into the common jail of said county, there to remain 
until he pay the same, or such part thereof as shall 
not be abated by the assessors for the time being, or 
by the Court of the General Sessions of the Peace 
for the said county." This was law in 1802, and 
though some were restive under it, no one at that 
time thought of attempting its evasion. Another 
law was frequently evaded. It required every man, 
under penalty of a fine, to attend church once in 
three months. 

From this statement we see that the parish and 
town were the same. All owned or were assigned 
pews in the meeting-house, all paid some tax to sup- 
port preaching. So long as the people were united, 
the arrangement was as perfect as any that could be 
devised. The tax that each paid was but a trifle ; it 
was the people's church and all had rights in it. 
Then church attendance was very general. Every 
respectable family was represented at divine service. 
The minister, was he faithful, reached every home 
by his Sunday services or by pastoral visitation. 

Although in all outward respects the church was 
prosperous there were signs of trouble within. Bap- 



ECCLESIASTICAL AFFAIRS: BAPTISTS. 93 

tist and Methodist missionaries — always with zeal 
sometimes without discretion — throughout the new 
part of Maine were taking advantage of the disor- 
ganization of church relations, incident to a new 
country, to build up societies. The great bulk of 
church members who had moved from Massachusetts 
to Maine were connected with the Congregational 
church, then the State church in all New England. 

Mr. Ripley most earnestly opposed these mission- 
aries, and perhaps unwisely. Naturally a timid 
man, in the confusion which this strife of sect cre- 
ated, he thought he foresaw the fall of the church 
and the reign of Anti-Christ. We who look back 
upon the strife since the smoke has cleared away, 
must allow that his fears were not wholly ground- 
less, for the Christians in our State are to-day sadly 
divided by sectarian lines. 

As early as 1803 I find mention made of the Bap- 
tists in Waterford. Mr. Ripley, in his historical 
sketch published in 1803, says : " There are some 
Baptists in town, and the serious among them, so far 
from trying to cause divisions among their fellow 
Christians, seem disposed to attend constantly on 
the public institutions of religion with the Congre- 
gationalists." Subsequently Mr. Ripley modified 
this kindly opinion. Rev. Arthur Drinkwater and 
Rev. Reuben Ball, the former settled at Bethel the 



94 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

latter at Bridgton Center, were active in organizing 
a church. Mr. Ball was a popular man, and by his 
instrumentality a society with twenty-five male 
members was formed in 1814. It was organized in 
the old meeting-house. The members lived in the 
Plummer neighborhood or contiguous to it. During 
the winter meetings were held in the Plummer district 
school-house and at Mr. John Kimball's (south of 
Mr. Samuel Plummer's). In summer at Mr. Eben 
Cross' (Mr. Samuel Plummer's). Elder Josiah Hough- 
ton and Mighill Jewett preached for them a portion 
of the time for several years. They preached in the 
summer and kept school in the winter. The mem- 
bers were for the most part elderly people. "Master 
Chaplin," the learned blacksmith, was their deacon. 

The church enjoyed its greatest prosperity about 
1814. That summer quite a number of converts 
were baptized in the pond before us. I find no 
mention of the church as an organization after 1818. 
The members that signed off from the Congrega- 
tional to the Baptist church were John Kimball, 
Samuel Sanders, Samuel Haskell, Josiah Plummer, 
Stephen Mof&ts, Benjamin Sawin, Eben Cross, Eben 
Cross, jr., Samuel Plummer, Nathan Jewett, David 
Chaplin, Ezekiel Sanders, Daniel Billings, Josiah 
Houghton, Samuel Haskell, jr., Amos Smith, jr., Sam- 
uel Page, Jonathan Houghton, Amos Smith, and Or- 
lando Coolidge. Doubtless this church owed its 



ECCLESIASTICAL AFFAIRS: BAPTISTS. 95 

origin to Mr. John Kimball, who moved from Port- 
land to Waterford in 1807, and was perhaps the 
most influential member. Baptist missionaries came 
to Waterford at his invitation. This church gained 
some strength from the more rigid of Mr. Ripley's 
flock, who thought their pastor a little lax in doc- 
trine. In this connection I will give a brief sketch 
of Baptist ministers who were raised up in our 
Waterford church. 

JOSIAH HOUGHTON. 

He was son of Major Jonathan Houghton. He 
first learned the cabinet maker's trade, which he left, 
and after a brief period of study entered the minis- 
try and was settled in Turner and Winthrop, Me., 
also in Newburyport, Mass. He was afterward made 
secretary of the Baptist Home Missionary Society 
for Maine. He was a man of talents, of fine address, 
and was highly useful in the ministry. 

MIGHILL JEWETT. 

He was son of Nathan, and grandson of Dea. 
Stephen Jewett. He preached for several years in 
the Baptist, afterward in the Universalist denomina- 
tion. He had good talents and gifts, but broke 
down mentally and passed away. He was never set- 
tled but preached as an itinerant. 



96 HISTOEICAL ADDEESS. 

LYMAN JEWETT, D.D. 

He was son of Nathan and brother of Mighill. 
Graduated at Brown University and at Newton The- 
ological Seminary. He became a missionary to In- 
dia. He is eminent as a Hebrew scholar, and has 
translated a part of the scriptures into the Telligu 
language. He stands high in the foreign field and 
in the denomination at home. 

SAMUEL HASKELL, D.D. 

After spending his minority principally in Water- 
ford, he left town and studied for the Baptist minis- 
try. He stands high in the denomination, but we 
have few facts of his life and ministry. 

The Methodist church in Waterford properly dates 
back to 1802. Methodist missionaries came to 
Waterford that year and made a few converts. In 
1806 Waterford was a part of the Poland circuit. 
In 1810 the first Methodist class was formed ; Jo- 
siah Shaw was its leader. This class consisted of 
the following persons : Josiah Shaw, Peter Gerry, 
Mary Gerry, Israel Hale, and Oliver Haskell. 

For a number of years they met at Mr. Shaw's 
house in the winter, in his barn in the summer. 
Their numbers increased so that the accommodations 
were inadequate, and a small church was erected in 
1818 at what is known as Mutiny Corner, one 



ECCLESIASTICAL AFFAIES: METHODISTS. 97 

mile west of Waterford City. But the growth of 
the City village made a change in location desirable, 
so the old church was abandoned and a church was 
built on the present site in 1836. It was modeled 
after the Universalist church in Norway. John San- 
derson was the contractor. The price agreed upon 
was $1,425. He took his pay in pews. Oliver Hale, 
jr., presented the church with a bell. The name 
" Wesleyan chapel " was given to this church. In 
1844 it was burned; in 1845 rebuilt. During this 
time the society met in Capt. Abel Houghton's hall. 
Oliver Hale, jr., presented the new church with a bell. 
In 1850 the society built a parsonage which they 
still own. 

Naturally there was strong opposition to this 
Methodist church. Good men doubted the expedi- 
ency of its establishment ; by none however was it 
so strongly opposed as by the irreligious part of the 
community. Their traditions were all Congregation- 
al. It was the standing order ; so with the blind 
instincts of a false conservatism they rudely and 
bitterly opposed the early Methodist preachers. Of 
course these missionaries and their friends asked 
permission to use the old meeting-house — the town's 
meeting-house. The story runs that the Sabbath 
following one of these missionary meetings Mr. Rip- 
ley preached to his people — many of whom had 
heard the new comer — from the following text: 



98 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

" What went ye out into the wilderness for to see, 
a reed shaken by the wind ? " 

Forty years ago the church wielded a wide influ- 
ence. Its strength was especially in the south and 
west parts of the town. Many earnest and success- 
ful preachers were raised up in this church ; the fol- 
lowing is I think a complete list. 

JOSIAH SHAW. 

He was born in Standish, Me., Oct. 3, 1773 ; came 
to Waterford about the year 1796. He was a mem- 
ber of the convention that formed the Constitution 
of Maine in 1819, and was a member of the first 
legislature of the new State in 1820. He was or- 
dained by the Methodist conference in 1818, and 
had large influence in this church and in the town. 
His early advantages were few, but native intellect, 
a retentive memory, a fine personal presence with 
a magnetic voice gave him position and power in 
the church and town. He was a local preacher, did 
not travel ; was always acceptable and highly re- 
spected. 

JOHN SHAW. 

He was son of Josiah Shaw, and entered the 
Methodist ministry in 1821. He was employed on 
several circuits in the State and was an earnest and 
acceptable preacher. He was born Feb. 12, 1800, in 
Waterford, and died in Limington, Me., Aug. 20, 1825. 



METHODIST MINISTERS RAISED IN WATERFORD. 99 

STEPHEN SANDERSON. 

He was son of Stephen Sanderson ; settled as a 
farmer in Sweden. He entered the Methodist min- 
istry as a local preacher, afterward the Congrega- 
tional ministry. He preached with acceptance, and 
without salary for some forty years in Sweden, Lov- 
ell, Stoneham, and elsewhere. He labored hard 
through the week, studied his sermons while at 
work and was remarkable for power to quote scrip- 
ture. He was a good man and citizen, and exerted 
an excellent influence in his day. 

AARON SANDERSON. 

He was also son of Stephen, and has honored the 
Christian ministry for nearly half a century both as 
preacher and presiding elder over various districts 
in Maine. His praise is in the churches. He has a 
son who now stands high as a preacher in the de- 
nomination. 

MOSES SANDERSON. 

He is brother to the above ; entered the Metho- 
dist ministry about the same period, but was con- 
strained, I think from poor health, to leave it for 
other pursuits. 

NATHANIEL PRIDE. 

He was a thrifty farmer in town, but felt himself 
called to the Christian ministry, which he pursued in 



100 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

the Methodist connection, as an itinerant preacher, 
till his death. He was a modest man, of good mind, 
and left behind an excellent character and record. 

WILLIAM BROWN. 

He was son of William Brown. He early left 
farming for study, and afterward entered the Meth- 
odist ministry. He left his calling for a while for 
other pursuits ; finally became chaplain in the Fed- 
eral army ; has since died. 

JONATHAN FAIRBANKS. 

He was bred a farmer, but felt moved to enter the 
Methodist ministry without much preparatory study ; 
but he had good sense, good principles, and loved 
his work. He was licensed by the Methodist order, 
and traveled much on different circuits in the State, 
and was accounted everywhere a useful and faithful 
laborer. 

The school-houses which the town voted to build 
in 1797 were not completed until 1800. They were 
located as follows : One about forty rods from Dan- 
iel Warren's, toward North Waterford, on the upper 
side of the road ; the second was at the City, oppo- 
site Mr. Stanwood's; the third was near Capt. 
Thomas Swan's; the fourth was opposite and just 
below Joel S. Plummer's ; the fifth was near the 
head of McWains pond ; the sixth stood near 



SCHOOLS AND SCHOOL-MASTERS. 101 

Jabez Brown's. The reason assigned for not lo- 
cating one of them at the Flat was that the people 
there were already blessed with a dangerous number 
of privileges, — a tavern, post-office, and a church 
within reasonable distance. 

Eber Rice, Esq., and David Chaplin were the first 
school-masters in Waterford. Miss Eunice Stone and 

Miss Baker were the first school-mistresses, so 

far as appears from the town records. The following 
is a statement of the manner in which the $100 ap- 
propriated in 1797 was expended. 

David Chaplin, order for teaching a school, |39.00,0 

Eber Rice, order for teaching a school, 11.25,0 

Samuel Sanders, order for boarding a school-master, 7.50,0 

Widow Betsey Sanders, order for boarding a school-master, 5.12,5 

"Widow Sally Jewell, order for boarding a school-master, 6.75,0 

Eunice Stone, order for teaching a school, 13.33,0 

Edward Baker, order for his daughter's teaching a school, 5.42,0 

There lies before me as I write the arithmetic 
used by Squire Rice m his schools. It is entirely in 
manuscript, neatly and even elegantly written, con- 
taining about as much matter as a copy of " Green- 
leaf's Common School." 

Here let me say a word of these old masters. 
Squire Rice was the legal adviser of the little colony 
for a quarter of a century, and town clerk — except 
the first year — for the first twenty years of the town's 
incorporated history. The records that he left are 



102 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

neat, legible, and clear. He set an example which 
subsequent clerks have faithfully followed. 

May I venture to offer a suggestion. Keep a 
good town clerk in office till he dies, no matter what 
his politics. The accuracy and fullness of your rec- 
ords will depend upon this. You have excellent 
town records because in the past you made but in- 
frequent changes. 

Squire Rice was the first representative of Water- 
ford in the General Court of Massachusetts, select- 
man, and the first justice of the peace.^ An honest. 
Christian man, he wielded great influence in town. 

David Chaplin, known throughout Waterford as 
" Master Chaplin," was a genius. He read his Greek 
Testament with ease, propounded and solved theo- 
logical riddles, made on his anvil (he was a black- 
smith by trade) a hundred curious things, but could 
not shoe a horse without " pricking " him. So care- 
less was he in dress that he was often half undressed. 
So introspective was he that he made his own world. 
He had nearly every talent but faculty. He was a 
giant in stature, as were all the original Chaplins. 

But to return to the schools. As illustrating the 
range of study in our schools in those days, I will 



1 Stephen Jewett was appointed in 1799 first justice of peace. He 
declined the ofiice and recommended Eber Rice. The first deputy 
sheriff resident in Waterford was Major Hannibal Hamlin, who was 
afterward high sherifE of Oxford county. 



SCHOOLS AND SCHOOL-MASTERS. 103 

give a recommendation made by the school commit- 
tee to the town, and adopted March, 1802. 

The committee recommend that each school- master open and 
close his school with due solemnity; that the town during pleasure 
adopt Mr. Prentiss' new spelling book in the several schools in 
said town, and that the American Preceptor be considered the 
classical book for reading in said schools; other books to be occa- 
sionally used as opportunity may offer. It is further recommended 
that each scholar whose progress in reading may require shall be 
furnished with a "Preceptor" above mentioned, and that each 
lower scholar shall be furnished with a spelling book, and that all 
who write in said school shall be furnished with necessary imple- 
ments. 

The sensible practice of providing all scholars 
with school books at town expense is seen to be as 
old as our schools. 

The six districts had expanded by 1830 to twelve; 
the school-houses then erected have been in turn re- 
placed. To-day we have almost without exception 
new school-houses throughout the town. 

On the whole, improvement has been made in ed- 
ucation. The range of study is wider; of necessity 
the education is broader, if instruction is properly 
given. Arithmetic is no longer the outmost bound 
or range of school study. In one respect we have 
doubtless fallen behind. There are fewer masters 
than formerly. No substitute has ever been or ever 
can be found for those bright, ambitious young men, 
who, if their knowledge was crude, had iron wills ; 
who knew that lazy boys were the rule and not the 



104 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

exception ; who, if they could not arouse enthusi- 
asm, could inspire wholesome fear of shirking. In 
those early days a decent self-respect made nearly 
every ambitious boy a school-master. After he had 
taught one or two successful schools he could retire 
to some other occupation without disparagement.^ 

After building the church and school-houses, our 
fathers applied themselves to the work of road 
building; and surely no one can have traveled 
through the town of Waterford without being im- 
pressed that they were fond of two forms of labor, — 
laying stone wall and building roads. Ages hence 
the use of the unnumbered miles of piled stones in 
Waterford will be a puzzle to the scientist. For the 
multiplication of roads in our town there is some 
excuse. Nature threw in the hills so promiscuously 
and so inconveniently that a great milage of roads 
is necessary. 

About 1805 the main town road ran from North 
Bridgton, west of Bear pond, through Waterford 
City and Flat, the Plummer neighborhood, back of 
Joshua Sander's, by Peter E. Mosher's and Samuel 
H. Warren's, to the foot of Bald Pate, where it 

iln 1825 there were 394 scholars in the town. The amount of money 
raised by taxation was $344. The interest ou the school fund was §70. 
One-third the teachers that year were males. The population of the 
town was 1,035. 



GROWTH OF TOWN ROADS. 105 

joined the Scoggin trail. There were two branches of 
this road on the west ; one through West Waterford 
over Sanderson hill, the other from S. H. Warren's 
to Lovell, known as the Sabattus road. There were 
three branches on the east ; one at Waterford City, 
over Athertons hill, by Sumner Stone's and Mc Wains 
pond, to Harrison ; the other two at Waterford Flat, 
the one known now as the old Norway, the other as 
the old Albany road. Short roads branched from 
these to different houses. These were all the roads 
in Waterford. 

About this time a road was opened to Sweden, 
leaving the old road at Meeting-house Corner. Near 
this date a road was opened from the Jewett guide- 
board (about a third of a mile east of Peter E. 
Mosher's) through to Albany and Bethel, by way of 
Hunts hill. This was called the Sawin road. Pre- 
vious to this there had been only a foot-path from 
Dea. Jewett's across to Gen. Sawin's. After this road 
building our fathers rested until about 1820, when 
the road by Samuel Warren's was pushed through 
to Harrison Flat. 

About 1835 it was seen to be necessary, on ac- 
count of the great increase in teaming and general 
travel, to avoid the hills as much as possible. This 
led to the building, at great expense, of the road 
under Bear mountain^ which shortened the distance 
to Portland by three miles. This was built by Capt. 
8 



106 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

Thomas Swan, who has built many of om- modern 
roads. 

Within the next ten years the new road to Nor- 
way, and the valley road from Waterford Flat to 
Bethel (through North Waterford and Albany), were 
built. The Bisbee-town road was extended to Nor- 
way in 1832; the lower road to Lovell was con- 
structed in 1858. The building of the road to Nor- 
way brought back the upper Androscoggin and Coos 
county travel, which had been diverted by opening 
a road through Greenwood. The length of roads 
in town to-day cannot be less than one hundred 
and fifteen miles. 

Eli Longley built the first hotel and store and was 
the first postmaster in Waterford. Mr. Longley 
built a log house about half-way between the Con- 
gregational church and Mr. Douglass', on the east 
side of the road. His lot included the whole of the 
Flat village. 

The road by his house was a thoroughfare to Ox- 
ford (Albany) and the plantations on the Androscog- 
gin, by way of the Scoggin trail. Such drafts upon his 
hospitality were made that he decided to move down 
the hill, and open a public house where the Water- 
cure establishment now stands. He built a one- 
story house, afterward the ell to a two-story house, 
which was until about 1820 the only tavern in 



SKETCH OF ELI LONGLEY. 107 

Waterford. In front of it swung his sign, which the 
oldest of you can remember : 

Eli Longley's 

Inn, 

1797. 

A man of broad views, he planned for the village 
which he foresaw would spring up. He laid out this 
great common even larger than it is now, for in his 
plan the road from the Plummer neighborhood was 
to describe the same curve west as east. 

He built the store now occupied by Oliver Porter 
in 1802. This he sold two years later to Calvin 
Farrar, together with the land south of the road 
from the brook on the one side to the Pond bridge 
on the other. He opened, in 1801, the first postr 
office north of North Bridgton in this (the central) 
part of Oxford county. 

Mr. Longley built the first "potash"^ erected on 
Waterford Flat. On the common in front of his tav- 
ern the trainings were held for forty years. In his 
log house on the side of the hill missionaries 
preached to the assembled people. At his inn on 
the Flat were held the first town meetings. His tav- 



1 There were two " potash " at the Flat. The first was located just 
west of A. S. Kimball's house. It was built by Eli Longley about 1800. 
The second was below Mrs. John Wilkins'. Squire Farrar built it and 
Levi Brown afterward owned it. As the clearing of land ceased, the 
supply of ashes was diminished, and these factories were abandoned. 



108 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

ern was the social headquarters of the town. Mr. 
Longley spent his means freely in building up 
Waterford. 

In 1817 he was attacked with the " Ohio fever." 
He sold his tavern to Capt. Peter Warren of Port- 
land, and started for the West. The story runs that 
he found a farm in Pennsylvania that suited him. 
One evening he negotiated for its purchase. That 
night it was so cold that the corn froze. The cold 
season that had disgusted him with Maine had fol- 
lowed him. He found that there were drawbacks in 
Pennsylvania as well as in New England. He arose 
at daybreak, saddled his horse and left the country. 
He returned to Waterford and tried to re-purchase 
his inn. Failing in this, he moved to Eaymond 
and bought the hotel so long known as Longley's, 
afterward Sawyer's tavern. He died there in 1839. 

Most of the mill-sites in Waterford were occupied 
early in the present century. I give their history 
down to the present time, commencing with those at 
Waterford City. The sites at Waterford City are 
numbered from the foot of Tom pond. 

1st. A saw and grist-mill was erected about 1810 
by Abram Whitney. The successive owners have 
been Abram Whitney, Lewis Jewell, Thomas Hap- 
good, and Cobb & Hapgood. 



MILLS. 109 

2d. A foundry was built here about 1847 by Mil- 
ler & Cummings, who cast stoves, axle-trees, and 
plows. 

3d. A plaster-mill was built on this site by Josiah 
Monroe in 1848 ; it was afterward converted into a 
woodshop by James 0. Longley. E. Wilkins has a 
tannery on this site. 

4th. A saw and grist-mill was built here about 
1790 by Ezra Jewell. The grist-mill was the first in 
Waterford. Mr. Jewell's wife tended it much of the 
time. It was followed by a blacksmith shop, in which 
was a trip-hammer. This shop was owned and run 
by Richard Bailey, who was a skillful workman. He 
made edged tools. Mr. Stanwood purchased this 
site about 1870, and on it erected his bucket factory. 

5th. Isaac Smith built a saw-mill here about 1795. 
In 1810, Josiah Farrar bought the site and built a 
cloth-mill, in which wool was carded and cloth was 
dressed. He also manufactured linseed oil. (There 
was a great deal of flax raised in Waterford and 
vicinity at that time.) George K. Hamlin afterward 
built a saw-mill on this site. It is now occupied by 
Watson's salt-box factory. 

6th. In 1809 Timothy Frisbie built a black- 
smith shop, where he worked at his trade and made 
scythes. In 1820 this was converted into a carriage- 
shop, and has been since used for that purpose. 



110 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

7th. Oliver Hapgood built a carding-mill on this 
site about 1810. Daniel Brown, William Morse, 
Zebedee Perry, and E. W. Ayer have been successive 
owners. 

8th. AVilliam Monroe built a tannery here about 
1802, where he did a large country business for many 
years. He was in partnership with Josiah Atherton. 
He was followed by his son Josiah Monroe, and he 
by another son, Merrick Monroe. William Monroe 
was a tanner and currier by trade, a good business 
man and a public spirited citizen. He was a man of 
large influence in town and held many local offices. 

9th. The first saw-mill in Waterford was built by 
Jacob Gibson, within a few rods of the outlet of Bear 
brook, near Josiah Monroe's. 

Pride's saw and grist-mill was built by Jedediah 
Cailifif, about 1809. Nathaniel Pride succeeded 
CailifF, and built a new grist-mill further down the 
stream. The successive owners to this mill have 
been Isaac Watson, Rufus Chadbourne, Marshall 
Sanderson, Amos Upton, and Peter Haskell. 

The McWain saw and grist-mill was built about 
1830 by David McWain, 2d. The successive owners 
have been Andrews, Samuel Hale, Joseph Dan- 
iels, and Livingston G. Robinson. 

Sanderson's saw-mill was built on Mutiny brook. 



MILLS. Ill 

about 1835, by Joseph Sanderson. It was sold by 
him to John Sanderson. 

Dudley's mill, on Bear Pond brook, was built by 
Joseph Dudley, about 1799. Nathan Whitney, Josi- 
ah Monroe, and the Harrison Water Power Company 
have successively owned it. 

The first saw-mill at North Waterford was built 
about 1806, by Jonathan Longley (known as Skipper 
Longley) and Samuel Page, who purchased the mill- 
site of Major Samuel Warren. Mr. Page sold to 
James Russell and Gen. Sawin. They re-built the 
saw-mill with a grist-mill in the lower story. It has 
had numerous owners since, — Moses Young, Philip 
Barrows, Danville Bisbee, Lebroke & Bell, Lebroke 
and Samuel Locke (who re-built the mills sub- 
stantially as they are now), Lebroke & Edgerley, 
Albert and Lyman Jewett, and C. G. Knight, who is 
their present owner. The title to these mills has 
been so long in dispute that I may have omitted the 
names of some of the owners. 

A fulling-mill was built at North Waterford, just 
below the saw-mill, about 1820, by Nathaniel Jewett. 
After his death James Russell and a Mr. Perkins 
of Conway, N. H., run it until it was abandoned. 
Farnham Jewett bought and still owns the privilege. 

Orlando Coolidge and Josiah Atherton built, about 
1833, a saw-mill about a mile below the North Wa- 
terford mills. 



112 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

A shingle-mill was built at Kezar Falls by John 
Walker, and afterward owned by James Walker, 
both of Lovell. Fortunately for the lovers of nature, 
it was not a paying investment. 

Lynch's Mills. Mills were built on this site by 
Benjamin Proctor about 1810. He owned a tract 
of land which included the present Lynch property, 
about 2,500 acres in all. In his day, as now, it was 
the finest body of pine timber in this section of 
Oxford county. It was sold about 1830 to Daniel 
Brown, Esq., for less than $3,000. Mr. Brown soon 
sold it to James Osgood of Fryeburg. Up to this 
time the mill had simply supplied local demand. 
Mr. Osgood built new mills and sent some lumber to 
Portland by the canal. 

About 1840 the mill passed into the hands of 

Moses Petty, who sold a share to Caldwell. 

After Mr. Caldwell's death Mr. Petty again became 
the sole owner. Mr. Petty sold to John Lynch, about 
1850. 

I give the history of Lynch's Mills because, al- 
though located in Albany, it has always had close 
business connection with North Waterford. 

Wild lands of all kinds, especially those covered 
with pine timber, were a favorite investment with 
shrewd men in the old States, and in the oldest towns 



WILD LANDS AND PINE TIMBER. 113 

of the new States after the close of the Revolution- 
ary war. This was natural, for at that time there 
were no corporations, and one must needs invest his 
surplus money in navigation or lands. The history 
of every town in Oxford county would show that 
until within the last fifty years the most valuable 
tracts of timber lands were for the most part held 
by non-residents. The amount of land held by these 
parties for speculative purposes varied in size from a 
single lot to the famous Bingham purchase or pur- 
chases, which in 1803 amounted to 2,350,000 acres 
in different parts of the Province of Maine. 

The legislation of Massachusetts had stimu- 
lated this non-resident ownership, for hundreds of 
square miles in Maine had been granted to soldiers, 
or the heirs of soldiers, who had done service in the 
French wars, or in some way had served the State. 
These parties for the most part sold their rights for 
a trifle, and shrewd men bought them up. For ex- 
ample, the father of the Hamlins owned land enough 
in the town of Waterford to present each of his sons 
with a lot. 

The lots in this section of Oxford county that 
were best fitted for farms were sold to settlers as 
early as 1800. Those retained by non-residents or 
by shrewd residents were the timber lots, cov- 
ered with a heavy growth of white pine, although 
white pine in Waterford at this time had a prospect- 



114 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

ive value only. Non-residents were of course obliged 
to employ agents to look after their timber, for 
many settlers had no more twinges of conscience 
when stealing shingle stuff or even logs from propri- 
etary lands, than has the crooked citizen of swin- 
dling his government by smuggling. The story is 
told (and I do not doubt its truth) that an honored 
pastor in our county, whose father owned several 
timber lots in the town where he was settled, one 
day went to see one of his parishioners with refer- 
ence to joining the old church. The parishioner's 
land joined one of the paternal lots. The people at 
the house said to the minister : " Father is in the 
woods getting out shingle stuff, down below the 
house." The good minister hitched his horse and 
went down to see him. He found him riving shin- 
gles from an old pumpkin pine. He noticed that 
the shingle-maker seemed very nervous. Just as he 
was about to mention the subject of joining the 
church, the other broke out with, " I know this old 
pine is a leetle over the line, but I thought I would 
cut it down as it was gittin old, and I could pay 
you for it afterward jest as well." 

Mr. Thaddeus Brown was agent for most of the 
non-resident owners of wild lands in Waterford from 
1800 until 1820, or later. These owners were Wil- 
liam and Barnard Douglass ^ of Portland, Josiah^ 

1 and 2 L. 1, R. 13. L. 10, R. 13. L. 1, R. 12. L. 8, R. 6. L. 7, R. 2. 



WILD LANDS AND PINE TIMBER. 115 

Pierce, Esq., of Baldwin (he bought the Douglass 
lots), William Cross ^ of Newburyport, Mass., Mr. 
Beemis'^ of Watertown, Mass., Esquire Perley' of 
South Bridgton, and Major Samuel Warren * of 
Waterford. 

I give the ownership of the lots about 1820 ; of 
course they have changed hands many times since. 
It will be seen by this statement that the most valu- 
able pine lots in Waterford were in the north-west 
part of the town and along Crooked river. Bisbee- 
town until after 1820 was a great pine forest. The 
only road into it from North Waterford was a log- 
ging road. 

The first lumbering done in Waterford was in 
1808.^ This was done below Bakers Falls on 
Crooked river. The price paid was $2.00 a thou- 
sand for logs in the river. No timber was cut less 
than twelve and commonly not less than fourteen 
inches through. These logs would average not far 
from three to the thousand. Of course the stump- 

1 L. 11, R. 1. L. 5, R. 10. North half of L. 5, R. 9. L. 3, R. 13. 
2L. 7, R. 9. L. 1, R. 5. 

3L. 10, R. 8. L. 10, R. 9. L. 9, R. 11. North half of L. 9, R. 9, and 
south half of L. 11, R. 7. 

* L. 2, R. 13. L. 6, R. 14. North half of L. 5, R. 14. 

5 The accessible timber in the coast towns had been exhausted as 
early as 1790. In 1798 and earlier considerable timber was hauled into 
Sebago pond from Raymond and Standish. One man in Raymond in 
1798 sold logs to the value of §1,100. 



116 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

age could not have amounted to much, perhaps sev- 
enty-five cents. In the winter of 1813 there was 
logging on lot 10, R. 10 and on lot 10, R. 13. 

All the best timber in Waterford on the Crooked 
river, except the Perley and Warren lots, was cut 
previous to 1830. It did not average to bring sev- 
enty-five cents a thousand on the stump. The 
amount cut from some of these lots was enormous. 
From the Knight lot, L. 7, R. 13, 6,000,000 feet were 
drawn off. The Perley lots were not sold until 
about 1850. They were said to have brought over 
$40,000. 

The timber on the Warren lot, L. 6, R. 14, was 
sold about 1843 for $5,000. The timber on Crooked 
river all went to Saccarappa ; most of it to Nathan- 
iel and John Warren, and Joseph Walker. Phineas 
Eastman of Lovell, Daniel Brown and Thaddeus 
Brown, sen., of Waterford, were also engaged in 
lumbering for many years. 

It is questionable on the whole if the white pine, 
the proudest tree in the American forest, has not 
been a disadvantage to the town. It certainly has 
led to a great deal of shiftless farming. Men neg- 
lected their farms, knowing that a winter's work in 
the woods for some lumberman, or a winter's log- 
ging from their own lots, would pay the over-due 
store bill or tax. Still the pine is the most profita- 
ble crop for some of our lands. 



POSTAL FACILITIES. 117 

I have said that Mr. Longley opened the first post- 
office within the present limits of Oxford county, 
except at Fryeburg and Paris. Of course at the 
time of its estabUshment the weekly mail was very 
small.^ Probably the mail matter for an entire year, 
-^and this Waterford post-office supplied all of west- 
ern Oxford county except the part below and about 
Fryeburg, — did not equal in bulk that brought into 
Waterford now in a single day, although the town 
then, 1801, was nearly half as large as now. 

Until 1814 the people in western Oxford county, 
except about and below Fryeburg, depended upon 
chance persons to bring them their mail matter from 
Waterford Flat. During these years and later we 
did a considerable business with Albany and the An- 
droscoggin valley. Cars ran from that valley to 
Waterford Flat, at first over the Scoggin trail, later 
through Hunt's Corner (Albany). They consisted of 
long poles of tough, well-seasoned wood lashed to 
either side of a horse, dragging on the ground. 
Across the lower ends of these poles was fastened a 
box, in which " salts," made by boiling down ashes, 
were brought to the potash factories at Waterford 
Flat and exchanged for light groceries or spirits. 



1 In contrast with this I give the mail brought daily to one of the 
three offices in Waterford in April, 1878. The other two average about 
the same. Daily newspapers, six ; weekly newspapers, one hundred 
and sixty ; letters received, thirty -five. 



118 HISTOKICAL ADDRESS. 

These " cars " generally came in trains to give assist- 
ance in case of need. This mode of conveyance 
was common in early times. The first mail carrier 
between Portland and Waterford was Jacob Howe ; 
Seba Smith followed him. Mr. Howe made the 
round trip once a week, reaching Waterford Friday 
night. His route was through Windham, Bridgton 
(east side of the pond) to Waterford Flat, thence 
through Norway, Oxford, Poland, and Gray to Port- 
land. In 1814 post-offices were established at Bethel 
and Rumford, later at Albany, Greenwood, Wood- 
stock, and in the towns in western Oxford county ; 
but until about 1830 Waterford was the distributing 
office for western Oxford county. 

That year the mail from Portland reached Water- 
ford Friday. Saturday the postman made a circuit 
through Sweden, Lovell, Fryeburg, Denmark Corner, 
South Bridgton, Middle Bridgton back to Waterford 
Flat, fifty-two miles. 

Monday he went to Swifts Corner, Norway, Nor- 
way Village, Paris Cape, Paris Hill, Woodstock, 
Hamlins Gore and Rumford Corner, forty-four miles. 

Tuesday he returned to Waterford Flat by way of 
Bethel Hill and Hunts Corner, thirty-three miles. 
For all this horseback torture he received $190 a 
year. The postman carried his papers in saddle- 
bags, his letters in a mail-bag by themselves. As he 
approached a house or village on his route he sound- 
ed his horn and threw out the papers to subscribers. 



MILITIA. 119 

The rates for postage were as follows at that date : 
Twenty-five cents for four hundred miles and over ; 
eighteen and two-thirds cents for one hundred and 
fifty to four hundred miles; twelve and one-half 
cents for eighty to one hundred and fifty miles ; ten 
cents for thirty to eighty miles ; six cents for any 
distance less than thirty miles. This was the post- 
age on single sheets of any size and accounts for 
the size of old-fashioned letter paper. Newspapers 
paid one cent each, if published within the State or 
one hundred miles outside the State ; one and one- 
half cents if at a further distance. 

There were no postage stamps or envelopes in 
those days. The postage due was generally marked 
on the letter, although it could be prepaid. The 
post-master collected it from the party to whom the 
letter was sent. The postage on papers was a 
perquisite of the postman. No wonder that people 
made postmen of their friends, a custom the origin 
of which I used to wonder about when a boy. The 
older of you will recall the poor or mean men who 
collected around a stage tavern fifty years ago to 
find some traveler who would carry a letter for 
them and so save them the postage. 

No sooner was the town incorporated than the 
militia were organized. In the fall of 1799 they 
first assembled. They chose the following officers : 



120 HISTOEICAL ADDRESS. 

Dr. Stephen Cummings, captain ; Seth Wheeler, first 
lieutenant; James Robbins, ensign. The company, 
consisting of seventy-two, rank and file, paraded be- 
fore the door of Eli Longley's tavern, where prayer 
was offered by Rev. Mr. Ripley. 

In 1801 a company of horse was formed from the 
militia companies of Waterford and Bridgton. The 
of&cers were Capt. Kimball, Lieut. Robbins, and Cor- 
net Smith. 

All able-bodied men between eighteen and forty- 
five were by law compelled to train. They were 
obliged, if able, to provide themselves with a musket, 
knapsack, belt, scabbard, cartridge box, priming wire 
and brush ; if unable, the selectmen were obliged by 
law to provide for them. The privates were without 
uniform for the most part. The regulation colors 
for officers and privates were blue with red facings. 
Some of the militia had previously trained in Massa- 
chusetts, where all were compelled to wear uniforms, 
so they wore their old dress. 

The composition of a regiment at that time was 
as follows : It was made up of a convenient number 
of companies, — from six to ten. The company offi- 
cers in an infantry regiment were captain, lieutenant, 
and ensign (or second lieutenant), four sergeants 
and four corporals. The field officers were colonel, 
two majors, and an adjutant. The field officers were 
elected by the line ofl&cers, the line officers by their 



MILITIA. 121 

companies. The legal complement of the company 
was sixty-four. Each regiment was made up of two 
battalions, each commanded by a major. 

There were two trainings each year and a muster. 
The first training came on the first Tuesday in May, 
the second was the week before muster. The mus- 
ter occurred either in September or October. These 
trainings were under the direction of the company 
officers. The muster was under the direction of the 
regimental officers; the fine for non-attendance was 
$3.00. The trainings were held on Waterford Flat, 
on the spot where you are now seated. The musters 
were held at Bethel until 1822, afterward often at 
Lovell. 

The equipments were inspected both at the May 
training and at the muster ; by the captain at the 
former, by the brigade inspector at the latter. At 
the May training the clerk of the company read the 
laws applicable to the occasion. 

In 1807 the Waterford company was divided. 
Samuel Warren was at that time in command. Two 
companies were formed known as the east and west 
companies. Samuel Warren was captain, Daniel 
Green 1st lieutenant, Josiah Wright ensign of the 
former ; Simeon Woodbury was captain, Silas Jones 
1st lieutenant, and Ephraim Hapgood ensign of the 
latter. The west company took in all of North 
Waterford as far as the Jewett guide-board, and all 
9 



122 mSTOEICAL ADDRESS. 

west of the old road to Bridgton ; the east company 
included the rest of the town. 

In 1810 a regiment was formed, made up of com- 
panies from the following towns : Albany, Newry, 
Rumford, and Andover one company each ; from 
Bethel and Waterford two companies each. The 
officers were Amos Hastings, Bethel, colonel ; Samu- 
el Warren, Waterford, 1st major ; Amos Hill, Bethel, 
2d major; William Monroe, Waterford, adjutant. 
To this regiment was attached a company of cavalry 
under the following officers : Oliver Pollard, Water- 
ford, captain ; , 1st lieutenant; Eli Long- 
ley, cornet. 

The Waterford militia after 1822 belonged to a 
regiment made up of six companies from the follow- 
ing towns : Albany and Sweden one each ; Water- 
ford and Lovell two each and a troop of cavalry. 
One of the Lovell companies was a rifle company ; 
its uniform was gray trimmed with red. Capt. 
Stephen He^,ld commanded it. The first officers of 
this regiment were John Atherton, Waterford, colo- 
nel ; Isaac Wardwell, Albany, lieutenant-colonel ; 
John Swan, Lovell, major ; Sprout Hapgood, Water- 
ford, adjutant. 

During this period, — from 1799 until 1820, — there 
was general interest taken in military matters. Of- 
ficial positions were eagerly sought by the ambitious, 
although often a disadvantage to the successful as- 
pirants. 



MILITIA. 123 

Officers were tempted and by custom compelled 
to lavish expenditures for equipments, uniforms, and 
horses, which many could ill afford. They vied with 
each other in a profuse hospitality on muster day, 
and every line officer's house, did he wish to retain 
his popularity, must be open to the rank and file of 
his company or his regimental associates. The field 
officers were especially tempted to indulge in ex- 
travagance. A gentleman in Waterford, who was for 
twelve years a line and field officer, estimated that it 
cost him during that time twelve hundred dollars to 
" support his rank." 

The results gained in the way of discipline were 
very slight. It is questionable whether a week's 
drill for four hours each day, under competent offi- 
fcers, would not have produced better results than 
ten years' service in the militia. There were com- 
pensating advantages however, especially to the 
officers. Acquaintances were often formed, friend- 
ships established, which were a life-long pleasure and 
benefit to these men. It inevitably led to a freer, 
broader social life than we have to-day. The leading 
men in Lovell, Waterford, Bethel, Newry, Rumford, 
and Albany naturally met once a year, either on 
the muster field or at each other's houses. Doubt- 
less these semi-annual drills did something to keep 
alive the martial spirit which no nation can afibrd to 
let wholly die out. 



124 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

The war of 1812 brought hard times to Water- 
ford. Our trade was then as now with Portland, 
and Portland was practically bankrupt. The embar- 
go stopped foreign trade, and coasting was made 
hazardous by British cruisers. There was conse- 
quently an almost entire suspension of exchange. 
It was then seen that the hated middleman has his 
uses. 

The embargo act was passed in 1808. February, 
1809, the people met in town meeting and chose a 
committee to frame a petition to the Massachusetts 
legislature, protesting against this act. The commit- 
tee were Hannibal Hamlin, David Chaplin, Abram 
Whitney, Eleazer Hamlin, and Calvin Farrar. The 
petition reads as follows ; it is certainly well put. 

To the Honorable Senate and House of Representatives of Massa- 
chusetts, now in session. 

The inhabitants of the town of Waterford, in legal town meet- 
ing assembled, respectfully represent, 

That although the inhabitants of this town are not a commercial 
people, but whose employment is cultivation of the soil, yet they 
sensibly and severely feel the pressure and evils of the present 
calamitous and distressing times. We believe we have borne, and 
shall continue to bear, with patience and fortitude, any necessary 
burdens or privations which are necessarily and constitutionally 
imposed upon us by our rulers; but when we see and feel the de- 
structive effect of measures, the inutility of which have been so 
ably and eloquently made manifest by the minority in Congress, 
we are indeed filled with alarming apprehensions. If we resort to 
the market where formerly our produce brought a great price, the 
alteration is truly deplorable; our produce briugs us scarce money 
enough to defray our expenses on the road, and instead of that 



WAR OF 1812. 125 

contentment and prosperity which formerly prevailed among the 
citizens of those places, we now see desi:)ondency and misery. 
The embargo has stopped the circulation of money, and to enforce 
it armed men are patroliny- their streets and gun-boats are ma- 
neuvering on their waters. Should we attempt to petition Con- 
gress on this distressing subject, the presumption is that our 
recommendation would be unheeded or disregarded. We, there- 
fore, inhabitants of the town of Waterford, respectfully solicit 
your honorable body to take such immediate and constitutional 
steps as in your wisdom you shall deem proper, to relieve us, in 
common with others in this part of the State, from the accumu- 
lated evils and embarrassments under which we now suffer. And 
we beg leave to express to your honorable body our entire appro- 
bation of those salutary measures you have already taken on this 
important subject, and as in duty bound will ever pray. 

The town accepted the report of the committee, 
and voted that it be printed in the Portland Gazette. 
They also voted that the number of dissenting votes 
— two — be printed with the prayer. 

During the war two calls were made upon Water- 
ford for troops, the first in 1812. At this time six- 
teen men were drafted from each company and 
stood as minute men for a year. They drilled twice 
in Bethel with the drafted men from Bethel and 
Rumford, and occasionally together at the Flat. 
Capt. Keyes of Rumford acted as captain of these 
drafted men, Capt. Abel Houghton of Waterford was 
ensign. Gov. Strong refused to allow drafted men 
to leave the State, so at the end of the year they 
were dismissed. 

In 1814 another draft was made. It consisted of 



126 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

the following persons: John Atherton, jr., Jabez 
Brown, Josiah Brown, Heman Brown, Luther Brig- 
ham, Daniel Billings, Moses Bisbee, Daniel ChapHn, 
jr., Eben Cross, jr., Bryant Brigham, Austin Frisbee, 
Caleb Hersey, Samuel Haskell, Oliver Hapgood, 
Sprout Hapgood, Israel Hale, Charles Hale, Benja- 
min Hale, Sullivan Jones, Lewis Jewell, Nathan Jew- 
ell, John Jewell, jr., Jerry Kimball, Isaiah Kimball, 
Isaac Kilborn, Gabriel Kilgore, George Longley, 
Stephen Muffitt, John Proctor, Josiah Pride, Samuel 
Page, John Page, Amos Smith, Abijah Warren, Per- 
ley Warren, Samuel Wheeler, Silas Trull, Judah 
Wetherbee, jr. 

The Waterford, Albany, and West Bethel drafted 
men made a company. The men, singly and in 
squads, started for Portland in 1814, taking their ac- 
coutrements with them. They were in barracks in 
a rope-walk near Vaughan's bridge for a while ; they 
afterward encamped near Portland pier. Their offi- 
cers were Joseph Holt, Albany, captain; Aaron 
Cummings, Albany, lieutenant ; Eleazer Twitchell, 
Bethel, ensign. 

The soldiers were kept busy on intrenchments 
which were thrown up at Fish Point, near the Grand 
Trunk railroad yard. They were drilled daily and 
did some picket duty. The soldiers were rather 
lawless and much addicted to stealing. One compa- 
ny made itself particularly obnoxious to the people 



COLD SEASONS. 127 

of Portland in this respect. Its captain is said to 
have paid over seventy dollars on account of its 
thieving propensities. Iron bars, hoes, shovels, 
scrap-iron, — anything that could be of use on a 
farm, — were conveyed to their barracks, and sent 
home by friends who came to Portland to see them. 
The Waterford section had this rather dubious com- 
pliment paid them : " they stole less than the rest." 
The drafted men were out forty-one days and re- 
ceived each sixteen dollars and fifty cents for ser- 
vices. 

Business had not recovered from the depressing 
influences of the war before the famous cold seasons 
came on; these included 1815, 1816, and 1817. Of 
the three 1816 was the coldest. On the 26th day of 
May, 1816, snow fell to the depth of eighteen inches, 
and for a day or more the sleighing was good. An 
aged man present tells me that he chopped wood all 
day in June with his coat on, the snow flying 
in squalls about him. June 7th, 8th, and 9th it 
snowed and ice formed thick as window-glass, while 
the surface of the ground was frozen. During these 
three years no corn was raised in Waterford, or bare- 
ly enough for seed. But little wheat or rye was 
raised at that time, so the people were in great 
straits for food. Rye was two dollars and fifty cents 
a bushel, and scarce at that ; pork was a shilling or 



128 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

more a pound, and flour was twenty dollars a barrel. 
The Perleys and Ingalls of Bridgton raised a lit- 
tle corn during these cold seasons, so the coun- 
try was not destitute of seed when the famine was 
passed. One man went from Waterford to Portland 
and bought a bushel of corn, which he brought home 
on horseback. There is a tradition that the poorest 
of the people boiled brake roots and ate them in 
milk, and that skim-milk cheese was eaten as a sub- 
stitute for bread. A good deal of grain was hauled 
from Portland, but prices ruled high there, as the 
cold seasons affected all New England. 

The superstitious thought the cold seasons were 
ominous of the end of the world, and fancied that 
they could see spots on the sun. Added to the suf- 
ferings for want of food was the calamity of fire. 
In 1817 a terrible fire swept through South Albany. 
No attempt was made to stop it, but only to ward it 
off the buildings. It burned over immense tracts of 
wood land and destroyed two barns. Finally all 
Waterford and Albany turned out and fought it. 
This fire was a providence in disguise, for the people 
cleared great tracts of land over which it had run, 
and sowed it with rye ; the next year they reaped a 
most bounteous harvest, and the spots on the sun 
obligingly suspended growth. 

This was the nearest to a famine ever known in 
northern New England. It is comforting to know 



PHYSICIANS. 129 

that improvements in transportation make such a 
calamity to-day impossible. 

During the plantation history of our town physi- 
cians in Oxford county were few and but little need- 
ed. Open houses, plain food, a wholesome disregard 
of foolish conventionalities in dress and daily life on 
the part of women, together with plenty of work, 
kept people generally healthy. Brave women at- 
tended their sex at critical times and with success. 

The first physician in Waterford was Dr. Stephen 
Cummings. He came here about 1795. He lived 
where Mr. Douglass now resides. He removed to 
Portland about 1800, where he had an extensive 
practice, and ranked among the first physicians of 
the State. 

Dr. Samuel Crombie followed him. He came from 
New Boston, N. H. ; was in feeble health, and soon 
after died of consumption. 

Dr. Luke Lincoln, also from New Boston, was the 
next in order. He remained in town but a short 
time. Little is known concerning him. 

Dr. Charles Hay seems to have been the next 
physician in the place. He resided on the Kingman 
farm, just north of the old meeting-house. His 
health failing, he left town. 

Dr. Cushi Hathaway was here a short time, but 
nothing definite can be learned of him. 



130 HISTOKICAL ADDRESS. 

Dr. Abner Johnson, known in connection with the 
famous "Anodyne Liniment," was next here, and 
lived in the house formerly occupied by Dr. Hay. 
He remained several years, then removed to Brewer 
in this State. 

Dr. Young Walker was next ; he came from 
Denmark. He lived on the Carter place, west side 
of the pond. He remained in town long after he 
ceased to practice. He had natural and acquired 
talents that could have insured him eminent success. 

Dr. Leander Gage came to Waterford from Bethel, 
Me., in 1817. He erected and lived in the house 
where Mr. Porter now resides. He stood high in the 
profession, indeed was far broader than his profes- 
sion. He was a man of commanding presence and 
influence ; often moderator at town meetings, an 
influential member of the school committee, an earn- 
est christian, a public spirited citizen, enthusiastic 
in his profession, — he left his mark on Waterford. 
He continued in practice here until his death in 
1842. 

The first lawyer on the Flat was Henry Farwell, a 
man of superior ability. He came here about 1806. 
He moved to Dixfield and died there. 

Edward Andrews, a native of Massachusetts, fol- 
lowed him. He became a minister, went to New 
York and died there. 



LAWYEKS,-SOCIAL LIFE. 131 

Charles Whitman, a native of Portland, com- 
menced practice here in 1817. He married Rowena 
Coffin of Waterford. After practicing in Waterford 
for twenty years, he was appointed department clerk 
at Washington, where he died. Mr. Whitman was a 
gentleman socially ; self-respectful and not ambitious 
of public distinction. He was a peace-maker rather 
than an exciter of litigation. He was a man of 
public spirit and took great pride in the town. 

Elijah L. Hamlin, a native of Paris, was cotempo- 
rary with Mr. Whitman. After practicing law a short 
time in Waterford, he moved to Bangor. Though a 
man of superior ability, he did not seek distinction 
in his profession. He became identified with the 
growth of Bangor and was largely connected with 
its public business. He was several times mayor, 
and was once whig candidate for governor of the 
State. 

/ 

During these years — from 1797 to 1820 — farm 

Avork was done mostly with oxen ; horses were few ; 
cart wheels were seldom iron-rimmed ; plows were 
huge and home-made and mostly of wood. 

Traveling was largely on horseback for both sexes, 
in the saddle or on the pillion, man and woman, 
husband and wife, tandem. 

" Raisings " were common. One hundred and 
eighty-one frame buildings of all kinds were erected 
previous to 1803. 



132 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

Buildings were heavily timbered, and raised a 
broadside at a time, and under not a little stimula- 
tion. It was inspiring to the by-standers as well as 
to the sturdy workmen at the frame, when the mas- 
ter carpenter, in proud consciousness of authority, 
took his stand, and with more than military air and 
lungs shouted, "All ready ! Take her up ! " Shout- 
ing, " Heave ho ! " as the side went slowly up, till 
it was near the perpendicular ; then, with an al- 
tered tone, he cried, " Halt," and so the whole, till 
the heavily timbered skeleton was erected. The 
aged and decrepit, well helped to grog, busied them- 
selves in making the needed pins to hold the frame 
together. All complete, some rustic wit, skilled in 
the art of putting things, mounts the frame and 
"names" the building in rude, racy doggerel, be- 
speaking all good things for the owner, his good 
wife, sons, and fair daughters, and this for all time. 

Carpets were not then; the floors were sanded 
rather, and swept capriciously or ornamentally by 
fantastic flourishes of the broom. Pins were scarce ; 
thorns were used largely instead. Flowers and 
things of taste were rare ; things of art were criti- 
cized as extravagance, savoring of godless pride and 
vanity. Furniture was simple, neat, and suflicient. 
Hair cloth, veneered furniture, — all that wretched 
aping of gentility that so mars the simplicity and 
attractiveness of modern rural life, — was unknown. 



SOCIAL LIFE. 133 

Bonnets then were bonnets, shading the face and 
the beauty, not unlike the section of a broad um- 
brella. Boots were rare ; shoes were worn, if any- 
thing. Clothing was home-made and coarse, the 
rough surface of those home-wrought fabrics being 
as useful to the skin as the modern crash or Turkish 
towel. Many in this assembly can remember their 
experience in "breaking in " a tow shirt. 

Each farm was a factory village as well. The 
farmer made many of his tools, did rough mechanical 
work, cobbled and sometimes made his shoes. His 
wife spun yarn, wove woolen and linen cloth, cut 
and made the family clothes. The store was but lit- 
tle patronized. That modern mill-stone — a huge 
store bill — was seldom hung around the necks of our 
fathers. Waterford for the first half century of its 
history raised its own bread and meat, made much 
of its own sugar, raised the raw material and manu- 
factured most of its clothing. The nice sub-divisions 
of labor peculiar to modern times are profitable 
only when each division can find constant employ- 
ment at its specialty. It is questionable whether 
New England farmers, especially in the hill towns of 
northern New England, far from markets, can afford 
to become simply producers of raw material. Does 
not their prosperity demand that, to a considerable 
extent, they return to the habits of their fathers 
and become mechanics as well as farmers ? Certain- 



134 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

ly Waterford, all Oxford county, ought to raise its 
own bread and might do so. Our fathers did not ask 
themselves whether it paid to raise Indian corn or 
any other necessary. One thing they knew, that 
loafing and consequently debt did not pay. 

The growth of Maine, Oxford county, and Water- 
ford between 1800 and 1820 is shown by the follow- 
ing tables.^ 

1810. 1820. 

York, 41,877 46,283 

Cumberland, 42,831 49,445 

Lincoln, 38,570 46,843 

Waldo, 19,941 22,253 

Hancock, 13,499 17,856 

Washington, 7,870 12,744 

Kennebec, 31,565 40,150 

Oxford, 18,630 27,104 

Somerset, 12,286 21,775 

Penobscot, 7,831 13,870 

Total, 228,705 298,335 

The line of settlements in our State was pushed 
back between 1800 and 1820 west of the Kennebec 
an average of but a single (incorporated) township; 
east of the Kennebec an average of six, or about forty 
miles. The frontier towns then are for the most 

1 These numbers express the aggregate population in 1810 and 1820, 
of the towns and plantations which formed the respective counties 
when incorporated. For population of counties and towns in 1790 
and 1800, see pages 66 and 68. 



GROWTH: 1800—1820. 



135 



part frontier towns to-day. The growth of our State 
since 1810 has been mostly by natural increase. 

The population of Oxford county by towns in 
1810 and 1820 was as follows:' 

1810. 1820. 

Albany, 165 288 

Andover, 264 368 

Baclielder's Grant, I oi. ^ 101 

Fryebuig Academy Grant, f '^^^ Stoneham, 131 

Bethel and Hanover, 975 1,267 

Brownfield, 388 727 

Buckfield, 1,251 1,501 

Denmark, 436 792 

Dixfield, 403 595 

Fryeburg and Stow, 1,004 1,186 

Gilead, 215 328 

Greenwood, 273 392 

Hartford, 720 1,113 

Hebron, 1,211 1,727 

Hiram, 336 700 

Lovell, 365 430 

Mexico, 14 148 

Newry, 202 303 

Norway, 1,010 1,330 

Paris, 1,320 1,894 

Peru, 92 342 

Porter, 292 487 

Eumford, 629 871 

Sumner, 611 1,058 

Sweden, 249 

Waterford, 860 1,035 

Woodstock, 236 409 

Scattering, 138 808 



1 Only those towns are enumerated which are now — 1878— a part of 
Oxford county. 



136 



HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 



The valuation and live stock owned in Waterford 
in 1810 and 1820 was as follows: 















•o ® 








a 
o 




11 


§^ 




c2 . 
«52 


^2 


Ct3 










































o 


5 S 


O a; 


g 










> 


K 


o ^ 


o >. 


o 


oo >, 


a >> 


t ^ 


1810 


$61,036 


108 


13 


27 


98 


423 


197 


183 


1820 


73.250 


116 






186 


447 







TOWN OFFICIALS AND POLITICAL RECORD. 







1798. 


C. 


David Whitcomb. 


M 
T. 


1 
C. 


Eleazer Hamlia. 
Eber Rice. 


Pres. 
Elec. 


^Solomon Stone. 


S. 


M 


Africa Hamlin. 
Daniel Chaplin. 




1801. 






Solomon Stone. 


M. 


Eleazer Hamlin. 


T. 




Eli Longley. 


T. C. 


Eber Rice. 


C. 




David "VVhitcomb. 
1799. 


S. M. 


Lieut. James Robbins. 
Thaddeus Brown. 
Jonathan Plummer. 


M 




Dr. Stephen Cummings. 


T. 


Josiah Shaw. 


T. 


C. 


Eber Rice. 


C. 


Samuel Brigham. 


S. 


M. 


Solomon Stone. 

Eleazer Hamlin. 

Dr. Stephen Cummings. 


Gov. 


Elbridge Gerry, D. 36. 
Caleb Strong, F. 32. 


T. 




Solomon Stone. 




1802. 


C. 




David Whitcomb. 


M. 
T.C. 


Eleazer Hamlin. 
Eber Rice. 






1800. 


S. M. 


Thaddeus Brown. 


M 




Dr. Stephen Cummings. 




Jonathan Plummer. 


T. 


C. 


Eber Rice. 




Jonathan Stone. 


S. 


M. 


David Me Wain. 


T. 


Solomon Stone. 






Solomon Stone. 


C. 


Samuel Brigham. 






Ephraira Chamberlain. 


Gov. 


Caleb Strong, F. 45. 


T. 




Solomon Stone. 




E. Gerry, D. 22. 



iM., Moderator; T. C, Town Clerk; S. M., Selectmen; T., Treasurer; 
C, Collector. 



TOWN OFFICERS:— POLITICAL RECORD. 



137 



1803. 
M. Solomon Stone. 
T. C. Eber Rice. 
S. M. Thaddeus Brown. 

Samuel Warren. 

Jonathan Stone, jr. 
T. Dr. Cushi Hathaway. 
C. John Chamberlain. 
Gov. Caleb Strong, 62. 



M. 
T. C. 
S.M. 



T. 
C. 

Gov. 



1806. 
Hannibal Hamlin. 
Eber Rice. 
Simeon Woodbury. 
Hannibal Hamlin. 
James H. Robbing. 
Jonathan Plummer. 
James H. Robbins. 
Caleb Strong, D. 84. 
James Sullivan, F. 17. 
Adonijah Brown, 1. 



1804. 
M. Hannibal Hamlin. 
T. C. Eber Rice. 
S. M. Jonathan Stone, jr. 

Hannibal Hamlin. 

Eber Rice. 
C. John Chamberlain. 
Gov. Caleb Strong, F. 64. 

J. Sullivan, D. 8. 
Pres. (David Cobb, F. 73. 
Elec. ( James Sullivan, D. 1. 





1807. 


M. 


Jonathan Houghton; 


T. C. 


Eber Rice. 


S.M. 


Eber Rice. 




Daniel Chaplin. 




Samuel Warren. 


T. 


Josiah Shaw. 


C. 


Jonathan Houghton. 


Gov. 


Caleb Strong, F. 88. 




James Sullivan, D. 21. 




Elbridge Gerry, Esq., 1, 



M. 


Hannibal Hamlin. 




1808. 


T. C. 


Eber Rice. 


M. 


Simeon Woodbury. 


S. M. 


, Jonathan Stone, jr. 


T. C. 


Eber Rice. 




Jonathan Houghton. 


S. M. 


. Eber Rice. 




America Hamlin. 




Daniel Chaplin. 


T. 


Jonathan Plummer. 




Samuel Warren. 


C. 


Isaac Smith. 


T. 


Josiah Shaw. 


Gov. 


Caleb Strong, F. 67. 


C. 


Simeon Woodbury. 




James Sullivan, D. 6. 


Gov. 


Christopher Gore, F. 96. 




E. Gerry, D. 1. 




James Sullivan, D. 21. 



10 



138 



HISTORICAL ADDEESS. 



1809. 
M. Simeon Woodbury. 
T. C. Eber Rice. 
S. M. Samuel Plummer. 

Solomon Stone. 

Calvin Farrar. 
T. Calvin Farrar. 
C. Simeon Woodbury. 
(Grov. Christopher Gore, F. 110. 

Levi Lincoln, D. 15. 



M. 
T.C. 

S. M, 



T. 
C. 
Gov. 



1810. 

Solomon Stone. 
Calvin Farrar. 
Solomon Stone. 
Abraham Whitney. 
Daniel Green. 
Calvin Farrar. 
Thaddeus Brown. 
Christopher Gore, F. 105. 
Elbridge Gerry, D. 17. 



1812. 

Simeon Woodbury. 

Eber Rice. 

Solomon Stone. 

Eber Rice. 

Jonathan Plummer. 

Calvin Farrar. 

Thaddeus Brown. 

Caleb Strong, F. 109. 

Elbridge Gerry, D. 29. 

William Phillip, 2. 
Pres. ( Nath. Goodwin, F. 9.3. 
Elec. i John Woodman, D. 12. 



M. 
T.C. 

S. M 



T. 
C. 

Gov, 



1813. 

Daniel Green. 

David Farrar. 

Daniel Green. 

Jonathan Plummer. 

William Monroe. 
T. Calvin Farrar. 
C. Thaddeus Brown. 
Gov. Caleb Strong, F. 110. 

Joseph B. Varnura, D. 22. 



M. 
T.C. 

S. M. 



M. 
T.C. 
S. M. 



T. 
C. 
,Gov. 



1811. 
Solomon Stone. 
Calvin Farrar. 
Daniel Green. 
Eli Longley. 
Joseph Pi'att. 
Calvin Farrar. 
Thaddeus Brown. 
Christopher Gore, F. 84. 
Elbridge Gerry, D. 23. 



M. 
T.C. 

S. M. 



T. 
C. 

Gov. 



1814. 
Daniel Green. 
David Farrar. 
William Monroe. 
Solomon Stone. 
Abraham Whitcomb. 
Calvin Farrar. 
Eli Longley. 
Caleb Strong, F. 111. 
Samuel Dexter, D. 28. 



TOWN OFFICERS,— POLITICAL RECORD. 



139 





1815. 




1818. 


M. 


Daniel Green. 


M. 


Daniel Green. 


T. C. 


David Farrar. 


T. C. 


Eber Rice. 


S. M. 


William Monroe. 


S. M. 


William Monroe. 




Solomon Stone. 




Jonathan Plummer. 




Abraham Whitcomb. 




Daniel Green. 


T. 


Calvin Farrar. 


T. 


Calvin Farrar. 


C. 


Ebenezer Jewett. 


C. 


Ebenezer Jewett. 


Gov. 


Caleb Strong, F. 118. 


Gov. 


John Brooks, F. 106. 




Samuel Dexter, D. 33. 




Benj.Crowninshield,D.19 









1819. 




1816. 


M. 


Solomon Stone. 


M. 
T. C. 

S. M. 

T. 
C. 

Gov. 


Daniel Green. 
David Farrar. 
Solomon Stone. 
Abraham Whitcomb. 
William Brown. 
Calvin Farrar. 
William Willard. 
Gen. John Brooks, F. 105. 
Samuel Dexter, D. 30. 


T. C. 

S. M. 

T. 
C. 

Gov. 


Eber Rice. 
Daniel Green. 
Samuel Plummer. 
Solomon Stone. 
Jonathan Plummer. 
Theodore Stone. 
John Brooks, F. 78. 
Benj.Crowninshield,D.26 

1820. 






M. 


Solomon Stone. 






T. C. 


Daniel Brown. 




1817. 


S. M. 


Daniel Green. 


M. 


Daniel Green. 




Samuel Plummer. 


T. C. 


Eber Rice. 




Peter Gerry. 


S. M. 


William Monroe. 


T. 


Jonathan Plummer. 




Jonathan Plummer. 


C. 


Theodore Stone. 




Daniel Green. 


Gov. 


William King, D. 86. 


T. 


Calvin Farrar. 




Ezekiel Whitman, F. 61 


C. 


Thaddeus Brown. 




Scattering, 4. 


Gov. 


John Brooks, F. 103. 


Pres. 


(Joshua Wingate, jr., 22, 
\ Wm. Moody, 22. 




Henry Dearbourne, D. 24. 


Elec. 



140 HISTORIC A.L ADDRESS. 

Representatives to the Massachusetts Legishiture 
from Waterford : 



1803. 


Eber Kice. 


1813. 


Calvin Farrar, 


1807. 


Eber Rice. 


1814. 


Calvin Farrar. 


1809. 


Hannibal Hamlin. 


1815. 


Calvin Farrar. 


1810. 


Hannibal Hamlin. 


1816. 


Calvin Farrar. 


1811. 


Calvin Farrar. 


1819. 


Eber Rice. 


1812. 


Calvin Farrar. 







The discussion of the question of separation of the 
District of Maine from Massachusetts commenced as 
early as 1785. Repeated conventions were held in 
Portland, which were but thinly attended. It was 
impossible to get more than a third, sometimes not 
a quarter, of the towns to send delegates. 

In 1792 the question of separation was submitted 
to a popular vote in the district with the following 
result: yes, 2074; no, 2525. 

The people of Lincoln county (Lincoln county 
included substantially all the country between the 
Androscoggin and Penobscot), were the most ardent 
advocates of the change. From their geographical 
position they suffered most from the inconveniences 
incident to district government. 

The coast towns in York county were bitterly op- 
posed to separation. They met in convention, and 
voted to request the state of New Hampshire to 
take them under its charge, if Massachusetts would 
not allow them to stay annexed to her. 



SEPARATION FROM MASSACHUSETTS. 141 

In 1797 the records of the "Supreme Court" were 
moved to the counties to which they appertained, 
and the clerks of the counties were authorized to 
authenticate copies. This removed one of the prin- 
cipal causes of opposition to district government, and 
there was no further agitation of the question of 
separation until 1807, when the district voted, yes, 
3,370; no, 9,404. Waterford voted, yes, 1; no, 80. 

This matter was allowed to rest until 1815. The 
subject was again revived, and an organized effort 
was made to accomplish the object. The opposition 
to separation was political, sentimental and practical. 
The state of Massachusetts was strongly Federalist in 
politics. The district of Maine was Democratic, or 
very close. The Federalists of Maine to a very con- 
siderable extent preferred to be under Federal rather 
than Democratic rule, although they had to submit 
to certain inconveniences. The sentimental objec- 
tion influenced many. Massachusetts was the early 
home of doubtless more than half the men that 
voted on this question. Go back one generation 
and it was the home of nine-tenths. Separation from 
Massachusetts meant, or seemed to mean, the sund- 
ering of a hundred ties which bound them to the 
past. The practical or economic objection had some 
weight; it undoubtedly would make a perceptible 
increase of taxation. 

The arguments in favor of separation were obvious. 



142 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

You can understand the feelings that influenced at 
that time the mass of people in our State by imagin- 
ing how you would feel if the question of di- 
viding this old town was proposed. 

Societies were formed in different places, public 
meetings were held, and leading gentlemen in the 
district made great exertions to arouse the people to 
favorably consider the subject. Numerous petitions 
were sent to the legislature requesting that the sub- 
ject might be submitted to a popular vote. The 
request was granted, and the vote taken, with the 
following result: yes, 10,393 j no, 6,501. Waterford 
voted, yes, 38 ; no, 85. 

The legislature of Massachusetts at once passed 
another act, regulating the principles on which a 
separation might take place, and authorized the in- 
habitants to send delegates to meet in Brunswick 
the last Monday in September, 1816. They were 
also required to give their votes on the question 
whether it is expedient to form the district into an 
independent state, which votes were to be returned 
to said convention ; and if it appeared that a majority 
of five to four of the votes so returned were in favor 
of separation, the convention was to proceed to form 
a constitution, and not otherwise. The vote stood 
as follows: yes, 11,927; no, 10,539. Delegates 
were chosen. Eber Rice, Esq., represented Water- 
ford. 



SEPARATION FROM MASSACHUSETTS. 143 

Separation was plainly lost. But some smart pol- 
iticians construed this act to mean not an aggregate 
majority of five to four of all votes returned, but the 
ratio of the majorities in the several towns and 
plantations. This peculiar manipulation of votes 
was known in political circles at that time as the 
" Brunswick arithmetic." 

By thus interpreting the vote the required ma- 
jority was obtained, and application was made to the 
legislature of Massachusetts to sanction the sep- 
aration. The legislature quietly cancelled this 
smartness by the resolve, "That the powers of the 
Brunswick convention had ceased, and that it was 
inexpedient for the present General Court to adopt 
any measures in regard to the separation of the 
District of Maine." 

January 18 and 19, 1819, the senators and repre- 
sentatives from Maine, friendly to separation, met 
and decided to urge their towns to forward petitions 
in favor of separation, and asked that the question 
be again submitted to a popular vote. In response, 
the legislature passed an act authorizing the people 
to vote on this question on the fourth Monday in 
July, and if a majority of fifteen hundred was ob- 
tained in its favor, that delegates should be chosen 
to meet in Portland the second Monday in October, 
1819, to frame a constitution for the new state. 
This act passed by a large majority. The discussion 



144 HISTOKICAL ADDKESS. 

throughout the state was earnest and thorough, and 
resulted in a majority of 9,959 in favor of separation. 
Waterford voted, yes, 42 ; no,. 52. This convention 
met at Portland, Oct. 11, 1819. Mr. Josiah Shaw 
w;as our delegate. The convention framed our 
present constitution. 

December 7, 1819, Waterford voted to accept the 
result of the convention held in Portland. Yes, 35 ; 
no, 23. 

April 3, 1820, the first election of state officers 
occurred under the new constitution. May 31, of 
the same year, the first legislature convened at Port- 
land. 

It is evident that the opposition to separation 
came from Maine rather than Massachusetts. When- 
ever a proper request was made to gain the sanction 
of the legislature to test the matter, permission was 
freely granted, and the final conditions of separation 
were perfectly fair. 

TOWN HISTORY. 

1820 — 1875. 

The divorcement of the church from state control 
followed closely on the separation of the district 
from the mother state. 

We have seen that the Congregational was the 



SEPAKATION OF CHUKCH AND STATE. 145 

established church in Waterford, as it was gen- 
erally in New England. At the time of its founding 
in 1798 there was entire unanimity in the town (so 
far as the records and traditions show) as to the 
advisability of building the meeting-house, and hiring 
a Congregational minister. Mr. Ripley was not the 
unanimous choice of the people; but the opposition 
to him was on personal not ecclesiastical grounds. 
During the last of his ministry here, the old-time 
christian harmony was rudely broken, as it was 
throughout the state. The causes of this I will 
briefly state. Their bearing on each other and rela- 
tive importance belongs properly to an eclesiastical 
history. 

1st. The activity of other denominations, especially 
the Methodist and Baptist. 

The Baptist denomination was quite strong in 
Oxford County at this time. In 1813 there were 
thirteen Baptist and only twelve Congregational 
ministers within the county limits. Naturally, these 
denominations did not care to support both their 
own and the Congregational church. So they 
demanded to be released by law from paying to the 
support of Congregational preaching. A law was 
therefore passed by which any one could avoid pay- 
ing his ministerial tax by bringing a certificate from 
some other parish in town, stating that he was a 
member of it -, as then he was supposed to contribute 



146 HISTORICAL ADDEESS. 

to its support. Of course many took advantage of 
this, and joined other societies with which they had 
no sympatliy, and for whose support they gave little 
or nothing. 

The following is a copy of one of these certificates 
made out in 1805: 



This certifies that is a member of the Society called 

Methodist in Waterford. 

Committee of the Society, \ ' 

(Stephen Sanderson. 



This was the first certificate of this kind that I find 
on the town records. 

2d. The growth of the Unitarian and Universalist 
denominations and free-thinkers throughout New 
England, especially in Massachusetts, and in the Dis- 
trict of Maine. Naturally, persons holding these 
views did not care to support Orthodox Congrega- 
tional preaching. 

3d. The feeling that the union of church and 
state, or, if you prefer, the taxation of all to support 
a single church, was non-American ; was contrary to 
the spirit if not the letter of our Bill of Rights. This 
view came to be held by the Congregationalists 
'themselves, though at first they stoutly resisted it. 

In 1815 the town, through a committee, had asked 
Mr. Ripley to relinquish a portion of his salary. He 
consented, on the condition that the money relin- 



SEPARATION OF CHURCH AND STATE. 147 

quished be a nucleus for a fund for the support of a 
learned Cono-refjrational minister. 

o o 

The opposition to paying the minister tax became 
so bitter that the town refused in 1819 to keep its 
agreement with Mr. Ripley longer, and voted not to 
raise his salary. They subsequently reconsidered this 
vote. This action was clearly illegal, as the contract 
could be broken only by mutual consent, or by the 
advice of a council. 

This year the constitutional convention met at 
Portland, and framed a constitution for the new state. 
According to this, no one could be taxed to support 
a minister save with his consent. This consummated 
the separation of church and state. But the new law 
did not go into effect until the ratification of the con- 
stitution, and the town was restive; so again in 1820 
they voted not to raise Mr. Ripley's salary, and sent 
to him a committee, asking the terms upon which he 
would make a final settlement with them. Mr. Rip- 
ley made the following proposals, which were ac- 
cepted. 

That the salary for 1820 be paid in full ; that a 
note of hand for $250 be given him; that the par- 
sonage lands be appropriated according to original 
design; that his personal and real estate be exempt 
from taxation during his natural life, except toward 
the support of a learned Congregational minister. 

This agreement was faithfully kept, though twice 



148 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

an unsuccessful attempt was made at town-meeting 
to tax him. August 20, 1821, the town voted to ex- 
tend a call to Kev. John A. Douglass, salary $400. 
The town and church united in this call. 

Attempts were made by the town authorities to 
collect the minister tax in 1821 and 1822. Many 
refused to pay and were arrested. The constable 
started for Paris with one party. John Baker was 
raising a barn that day, so the constable's party in- 
sisted that they ought to stop and help. The consta- 
ble consented ; the parties helped themselves so freely 
to the rum and other refreshments that the officer was 
glad to leave them. 1822, Mr. Levi Brown, town 
constable, arrested (not to their discredit) Joel Ather- 
ton, Henry Houghton, George Bryant, John Jewell, 
jr., and others, and took them to Paris for refusing to 
pay the minister tax. At first they decided to re- 
fuse to give bail and stay in jail, but squire Howe of 
Bridgton advised them to pay under protest, and 
then sue the selectmen. They did this and recovered. 
The selectmen, to save further prosecutions, made 
haste to refund taxes already paid. It was not the 
amount of the tax that made it so unpopular, it was 
the grim " you must " of the constable. 

Mr. Ripley closed his labors in Waterford, Novem- 
ber 7, 1821. 

Mr. Douglass, his successor, is with us to-day ; still 
the honored senior pastor of the church, the old- 



SEPARATION OF CHURCH AND STATE. 149 

est settled minister in the State ; he is in the serenity 
of his old age, enjoying the unshaken confidence of 
all. 

In 1822, I find that parties left the Congregational 
church without transferring their connection to any 
other society, by giving notice as follows : 

"Waterford, Oct. 1, 1822. 
To Daniel Brown, Clerk of Waterf ord : 

This may certify that I do not wish to belong to the 1st 
Congregational Church and Society in said town, or be taxed in 
that Society. 

Forty-six left that year. 

It may be interesting to trace the town con- 
nection with the old meeting-house, until its sale in 
1843. 

In 1832 the town voted that the trustees of the 
ministerial fund be directed to divide the interest of 
it amono; the several religious societies of Waterford. 

Each year I find that the town chose a sexton to 
care for the meeting house. This was because it was 
still used as a town-house. 

The growth of the villages in the lower part of the 
town changed the center of population, and made the 
meeting-house hill seem steeper than ever; so the 
town asked the church in 1841 to send a joint peti- 
tion to the Legislature to get permission to sell the 
old meeting-house, and use the proceeds in building 
a town-house on the Flat. In 1843 the house was 



150 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

sold and torn down. A part of its timbers were used 
in constructing the present town-house. 

Several years before, in 1836, the old church de- 
cided to abandon its meeting-house and rebuild. A 
bitter discussion now arose between the north and 
south parts of the town as to the location of the new 
meeting-house. The north part said the center of 
territory was north of Davenport hill, and that 
the major j^art of the support of the minister came 
from the north part of the town, and declared that if 
the meeting-house was moved south of the old site, 
they would secede, and build a house at the Jewett 
guide board, about half a mile to the east of Peter C. 
Moshier's. The question was referred to a committee 
from abroad, who located the house part way down 
the hill from the old location, toward the Flat. The 
north demurred. Then the south part decided that 
the new church should be located on the Flat, and 
argued that the valley road, then anticipated, would 
practically make the new location nearer to the north 
part of the town than was the old. 

A meeting was held in the old school-house, that 
formerly stood opposite Daniel Warren's, of all those 
in the north part of the town that were in favor of 
building a meeting-house at the Jewett guide-board. 
The Chaplins, Greens, Warrens, Jewetts, Capt. Thomas 
Kilborn, Mr. Henry Sawin, the Hors, and others, 



LOCATION OF NEW MEETING-HOUSE. 151 

were there. Capt. Daniel Green presided. There 
was great unanimity and enthusiasm. During the 
debate, a young theological student, who was doubt- 
ful as to the enterprise, suggested to Dea. Wilham 
Warren in an undertone, that, as it seemed the house 
was sure to be built, it was important that steps 
should be taken to call an ecclesiastical council, and 
be set off and formed into a new church ; then they 
would be regular and could hold ecclesiastical rela- 
tions with the other churches ; while if the new house 
was built without taking the proper steps, and wor- 
ship be established there in a way that might seem 
irregular, they would fall under censure, and fail to 
get their house dedicated or be organized into a 
church, and could not be represented in the County 
Conference. On the presumption that their case was 
right, it would be safe and best to proceed orderly 
and with the sanction of the churches. The deacon 
thought steadily for a few minutes, then rose, and 
presented these as his own views, and moved that 
they did not proceed till such steps had been taken. 
Several hesitatingly acquiesced, and said they were 
too fast. At length a leading man arose and said 
that if all this had got to be done they might as well 
go home, and left the house. Several followed. 
There was a quandary. At length others said, " it is 
of no use," and departed, till at length the moderator 
was left alone with the young student who had made 



152 mSTOEICAL ADDRESS. 

the suggestion to the deacon, and who had lingered 
to see the result of the whole. The moderator turned 

to him, and said, " Well, I guess we may as 

well go." This ended all formal opposition. Re- 
luctantly and nobly the north acquiesced in the 
proposed location. The valley-road was built, and 
accomplished all that was claimed for it. 

The present church was built in 1837. 

In 1862, the people of North Waterford, assisted 
to some extent by those of South Albany, built a 
meeting-house at the Corner village, at a cost of about 
$2600. The great majority of the people who built 
this house were Congregationalists. Irregular j^reach- 
ing services were held until 1865. That year a 
church was formed, known as the second Congre- 
gational church, consisting of about fifty members, 
thirty-two of whom were dismissed from the first 
Congregational church. 

The deacons of the first church have been 
John Nourse, Ephraim Chamberlain, Stephen Jewett, 
Moses H. Treadwell, William Warren, Solomon Stone, 
Edward Carlton, Amos Gage, Caleb Swan, Samuel 
Warren, and William W. Kilborne. 

The deacons of the second church have been 
Jacob H. Green, Samuel W. Kilborne, Perley W, 
Kilborne, Samuel C. Watson, and Isaac P. Beckler. 

Rev. Lincoln Ripley was a native of Barre, Mass., 



CONGREGATIONAL MINISTERS. 153 

and graduated from Dartmouth College in 1796. 
He was respected in college for christian demeanor 
and industrious scholarship. He was rather below 
medium stature and size. His voice and countenance 
bespoke dignity of character and kindliness of feeling. 
His power as a preacher was in the line of reverent 
reasoning from the scriptures. He was watchful and 
exemplary as a pastor, and loved the souls of his 
people. As a man and christian he was without guile 
and above reproach. 

He was settled in 1799 ; was dismissed in 1821. 
He survived his active ministry some thirty-five 
years. His last days were spent in the family 
of Stephen Plummer, under the immediate care of his 
devoted niece, Miss Martha Robinson. Old friends 
gladly ministered to his few wants, and his days 
were spent like the apostle John's, praying for the 
peace of his people. He was constantly stripping 
himself to supply the needs of others. Always dig- 
nified yet always amiable, he was a model christian 
gentleman. 

Mrs. Ripley was the daughter of Rev. Mr. Emerson, 
of Concord, Mass., and was aunt to Ralph Waldo 
Emerson. She was a lady of character and intellect, 
and thoroughly identified with the interests of the 
church and people. 

Rev. John A. Douglass succeeded Mr. Ripley 
in the ministry at Waterford in 1821. He has now 
11 



154 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

held the pastorate fifty-eight years. He was a native 
of Portland, Me., graduated from Bowdoin College in 
1814, and studied theology with Rev. Dr. Abiel 
Abbott, of Beverly, Mass. 

His ministry has been noted for uniformity and 
freedom from strife. As a preacher he was thought- 
ful, accurate, and thoroughly evangelical. He avoided 
extravagances in style and measures and everything 
doubtful and erratic in sentiment. 

There were a goodly number of additions to the 
church in 1822, and an extensive revival in 1831, 
when the church was nearly doubled. In one in- 
stance three generations united on the same day, 
son, mother, and grandmother. Another revival was 
enjoyed in 1840, another in 1857. At one time the 
-church numbered over 200 members. 

Mr. Douglass still survives at the advanced age of 
eighty-six, enjoying the confidence and affection of 
all. 

Mrs. Douglass, his second wife (his first wife died 
early), had eminent qualities of mind and character. 
It is impossible to measure her influence and exam- 
ple upon the mothers and daughters in town. She 
united quietness with energy, freedom from ostenta- 
tion with great power of influence. 

Rev. William W. Dow was a native of Portsmouth, 
N. H., and graduated from Dartmouth College and 
Andover Seminary. He succeeded Mr. Douglass as 



CONGREGATIONAL MINISTERS. 155 

stated supply. He remained two years. He proved 
himself a man of scholarly tastes, had literary ability, 
and left many friends in town. 

Rev. Andrew J. Smith was settled as colleague- 
pastor in 1873. He graduated from Bowdoin College 
and Bangor Seminary. He won the confidence and 
esteem of the people. He was earnest, methodical, 
and argumentative as a preacher, and had much 
mental acuteness and great moral excellence. A re- 
vival was enjoyed in the last year of his ministry. 
He died of consumption in 1876, while pastor of the 
church. 

The ministers of North Waterford Church have 
been Rev. Joseph Ky te, now in Buxton ; Rev. J. W. 
H. Baker, now residing in New Sharon, Me.; Rev. 
Wellington Newell, now ministering in Greenfield, 
Mass. ; Edwin Sherburne (licentiate), and Rev. H. H. 
Osgood, the present pastor; neither of whom were 
installed over the church. Each had excellencies 
and a measure of success. Revs. Jona. Fairbanks, 
Samuel Gould and Isaac Libby each ministered here 
for a short season. 

The following is, I think, a complete list of min- 
isters raised up in the Congregational churches : 

Rev. Thomas T. Stone, d.d., born in 1799, was son 
of Dea. Solomon Stone, graduated from Bowdoin Col- 
lege in 1821; was settled first in Andover, Me., 



156 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

afterward taught the academy at North Bridgton ; 
was then settled in East Machias, Me. ; afterward in 
Salem, Mass., in the Unitarian minstry ; still later in 
Bolton, same state, where he now resides, in feeble 
health. He also preached for some time in Brooklyn, 
Conn. He wrote essays on the subject of peace, 
which were republished in England. A volume of 
his sermons has excited attention for their breadth 
and beauty of thought. 

Rev. Isaac Knight had been a farmer in town, but 
left the farm for study. He graduated from Bowdoin 
College, was settled in New Chester, N. H., after- 
ward in Franklin, same state ; on whose ministry 
Daniel Webster, when there, used to attend. He was 
a devout man, had singleness of purpose and w^as 
useful in his work. 

Rev. Cyrus Hamlin, d.d., was the son of Major 
Hannibal Hamlin; resided in Portland for several 
years, where he learned the jeweler's trade, which he 
left for study. He graduated from Bowdoin College in 
1834, and at Bangor Seminary in 1837. ' That year 
he entered the' service of the American Board of 
Commissioners for Foreign Missions, and embarked 
for Turkey. He married Henrietta Jackson, of Dorset, 
Vt., touching whom the volume '• Light on the Dark 
River " was written by Mrs. Lawrence. Dr. Hamlin 
resigned his connection with the Board to take the 
presidency of Robert college, Constantinople. His 



CONGREGATIONAL MINISTERS. 157 

labors in Turkey as teacher, and founder of this 
world-renowned college, together with his influence 
in promoting christian education in that empire and 
the east, have given him a name throughout the 
civilized world. He is now professor of theology in 
Bangor Seminary. 

Rev. William Warren, d.d., son of Major Samuel 
Warren, graduated from Bowdoin and Andover ; was 
ordained in Windham, Me., in 1840, where he 
preached and taught till 1849, when he was installed 
at Upton, Mass., where he remained till 1856, when 
he was called to his present service as district secre- 
tary of American Board of Commissioners for For- 
eign Missions. 

Samuel M. Haskins, d.d., Episcopalian, is son of 
Robert Haskins, and nephew of Rev. Lincoln Ripley. 
He entered the Episcopal ministry some forty years 
since in Brooklyn, N. Y., and has easily obtained an 
honorable position in that city as a faithful and suc- 
cessful minister. 

Rev. Ezekiel Cof&n, Universalist, was first a teacher, 
and then entered the work of the ministry in con- 
nection with the Universalist denomination. He has 
occupied good positions, and has won confidence by 
earnest labors, good sense and habits, and wise meth- 
ods of working. 

Daniel Green is a son of Thomas Green, 3rd. He 
is at present a student in Bangor Seminary. 



158 



HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 



The first mention I find of the Universalist church 
in the town records is January 11th, 1820. Eleven 
persons that year certified that they were members 
of a Universalist society. 

The Universalist society, according to the church 
records, was formed Nov. 9, 1830. Forty-six persons 
signed the call. 



The following is the list of names 



Joel Atherton, 
Crumbie Atherton, 
Luther Bisbee, 
Volney Bisbee, 
Francis Barker, 
John Barker, 
Daniel Billings, 
John Brown, 
Jabez Brown, 
Molbory Brown, 
Samuel Brown, 
Thaddeus Brown, jr., 
Perez Bryant, 
George Bryant, 
John Bryant, 
Orlando Coolidge, 
Ezekiel Coffin, 
Stephen Coffin, 
Josiah Ellsworth, 
Sprout Hapgood, 
Oliver Hapgood, 
Thomas Hapgood, 



Joseph Hale, 
Benjamin Hale, 
Jonathan Houghton, 
Moses Houghton, 
Luther Hamlin, 
William Hamlin, 
Cyprian Hobbs, 
James Jordan, 
Ezra Jewell, 
Danforth Jewell, 
■ Sanders Kimball, 
John G. W. Kimball, 
Sumner Kimball, 
Eli Longley, 
Stephen Longley, 
Samuel Merrill, 
John E. Perkins, 
Joshua Sawyer, 
Daniel G. Swan, 
Daniel T. Watson, 
Abram Whitcomb. 



UNIVERSALIST MINISTERS. 159 

Nothing further than organization was effected 
until 1832, when the society voted to hire Brown's 
hall (in Dr. Shattuck's house), as a place of meeting. 
Preaching services were held there much of the 
time until 1844. That year the church now occu- 
pied by them at the City was built at a cost of $1100. 
The church was dedicated Nov. 26th, 1845. For 
some years after regular religious services were 
maintained. In 1867 the meeting-house was sold to 
Messrs. Josiah Monroe, John C. Gerry, Albert Stan- 
wood and Charles Young ; each pew-owner receiving 
two dollars fifty cents. The church reserved the 
right to occupy the hall, rent free, each Sunday. 
The lower part of the building is used for school 
purposes, the upper part as a village hall. 

The following is a list of the ministers in the order 
of their settlement, as nearly as can be given : 

Benjamin B. Murray, John L. Stevens, 

Darius Forbes, T. J. Tenney, 

Benjamin Hawkins, M. Byram, 

Zenas Thompson, Costello Weston, 

Gurley, L. F. McKenney, 

Edwin Quimby, 0. A. Rounds. 

Bev. Sylvanus Cobb has preached here occasionally. 

This church has sometimes united with Norway in 
support of a minister. For the last three years it has 
united with the church at Bridgton Center, Rev. 



160 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

Mr. Rounds preaching half the day at each place. 
The greatest prosperity of the church was about 
1845. 

From 1820 to 1840 the commercial activity of the 
state was very great, and of necessity made a great 
showing; for transportation in the interior, — except 
on the Kennebec and Penobscot and the Cumberland 
and Oxford canal and its connections, — was entirely 
by teams. Travel was by stages and private con- 
veyance, except as the few steamboats just entering 
into competition along the coast may have interfered. 

Of course the travel, especially in the western 
half of the state, was enormous ; for besides being the 
more populous section, it was the route from upper 
New Hampshire and Vermont to the sea coast by 
way of the Saco or Androscoggin valleys. 

Most farmers once and oftentimes twice a year 
went to market; some of western York to Dover, 
N. H. ; much of York and western Oxford to Saco ; 
while Cumberland, part of York, and most of Oxford, 
went to Portland. 

The farmers from New Hampshire (Coos county) 
and upper Vermont generally traveled in com- 
pany for mutual assistance in case of accidents. The 
oldest of you can remember the long line of red 
pungs, the two, four, six, eight and even ten horse- 
teams, that transported produce to the coast towns 



TAVERNS. 161 

and carried back the West India goods and liquors, 
which made up the bulk of the stock in trade of a 
country trader forty years ago. 

There was a constant stream of immigration, as 
well as the business travel incident to a population 
of 300,000 people ; and in certain seasons of the 
year a large number of land speculators, agents and 
owners were moving through the country to attend 
to their several interests. 

Naturally the crowds of teamsters and the busi- 
ness and pleasure travel demanded extensive hotel 
accommodations ; of these in Waterford I will briefly 
speak. 

Although Mr. Longley was the only man in Wat- 
erford who hung out a sign until 1817, he was not 
the only hotel keeper in town. Every man was 
liable to be called upon to entertain travelers. Be- 
side the stream of immigrants from Massachusetts 
and New Hampshire which poured for years into 
Oxford,^ New Pennycook," Peabodys Patent,' Bost- 
wicks Plantation,"* East Andover^ and Cummings 
Purchase,® there were crowds of speculators, land 
agents, proprietors and marketmen constantly on the 

1 Albany. 

2 Rumf ord, Rumford was settled from Concord, N. H. 

3 Gilead. 
* Newry. 

5 Andover. 
^ Norway. 



162 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

road. Moreover, all the immigrants who succeeded 
tolerably well, made at least one journey to Massa- 
chusetts to tell their friends of their success, and 
their friends in turn must needs come, some of them, 
to see whether they told the truth. No wonder the 
Massachusetts boys of seventy-five years ago, grind- 
ing a scanty living from some sterile farm, thought 
Maine a paradise, as they saw riding home well- 
mounted and well-dressed, the brother who fifteen 
years before had left home with his axe, his pack 
and his mother's blessing. Perhaps the proudest 
moment of my grandfather's life was when he took 
his bridal tour to Massachusetts in 1794, his wife and 
himself mounted on his own horses. Poverty had 
taught the immigrants, years of sacrifice had taught 
the traveler, the necessity of economy, so they let 
the land agents, speculators, and proprietors patronize 
the hotels, while they, if possible, secured cheaper 
accommodations at farm-houses. They carried with 
them all the provisions they could stuff into their 
saddle-bags, if they traveled in the fall, and big 
boxes of provisions if in the winter. All they re- 
quired was food for their horses, a chance by the 
fire, and a bed; and some even objected to paying 
for the latter luxury, lying on the hay or kitchen 
floor to save the fourpence that was commonly asked 
by farmers for lodging. It was a common sight in 
those days to see half a score of men sitting around 



TAVERNS. 163 

the huge fire-place at a country inn, eating bread 
and cheese from their little boxes, and patronizing 
the hotel only to the extent of a horse baiting, a bed 
and a glass of flip. 

My grandfather could have told of one of these 
economists who came with his daughter to his 
house on Saturday and stayed till Monday, making 
an aggregate of ten meals and four lodgings, besides 
the food for his horse. As the horse was brought to 
the door Monday morning the gentleman turned to 
my grandfather and asked him for his bill, " Two 
dollars," he replied. " I will be obliged to you if you 
will take one," answered the traveler. Grandfather 
took it and said nothing. Verily that was the day 
of small economies — by small men. 

After the death of Peter Warren (who had pur- 
chased in 1817 the old tavern of Eli Longley), Domin- 
icus Frost, Henry Houghton, William Brown, and 
George Kimball were proprietors. In 1847 the 
house was converted into a hydropathic institution 
under the care of Prof Calvin Farrar, a.m., who 
was followed by Dr. Prescott, and he in turn by Dr. 
Shattuck, who now owns and has charge of it. It is 
now known as the Maine Hygenic Institute. It is 
now exclusively a hospital for lady patients. The 
treatment is eclectic. 

In 1817 William Morse opened and kept a hotel 
in the house now occupied by Mr. Stanwood. Calvin 



164 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

Danley some years later kept a hotel in the house 
now occupied by Mr. Charles Young. 

Two hotels were opened at Waterford City about 
1820. The house now kept by Luther Houghton 
was opened by Capt. Abel Houghton, who was in 
turn followed by his son, Capt. Luther Houghton, 
the present proprietor. 

About 1825 William Sawin converted the house 
where Dr. Wilson now lives into a hotel, and kept it 
for several years. 

Oliver Hale, about 1856, rented the residence of 
Elbridge Gerry, Esq., which was converted into a 
hotel styled the Lake House. His cousin, Washing- 
ton Hale, succeeded him. The house was burnt in 
1871, and rebuilt in 1873 at a cost, with its furni- 
ture, of $10,000. It is now known as the Waterford 
House, and has been kept by Horace Maxfield, 
Cyrus Pluramer, John A. Drew and Charles L. 
Applebee. 

The Dudley Brothers built a hotel known as the 
Pine Grove House in 1874, a little way from Dud- 
ley's mills. This house was built to accommodate 
summer company. 

Eben Jewett, about 1825, opened a public house 
at North Waterford. The house then stood on the 
old road to Albany — a hundred rods west of Farnum 
Jewett's. It was afterward moved to its present 
location and kept as a hotel by his son Farnum. 



MAIL ROUTES AND STAGES. 165 

Sumner Stone, about the same time, kept tav- 
ern in the house now occupied by him. At that 
time the road by his house was the principal road 
to Norway. 

Eli Longley, jr., kept a hotel further on at the 
head of McWains pond. 

About 1850 Peter C. Moshier opened a hotel at 
North Waterford. He was followed by Mr. Graham, 
who in turn was followed by John C. Rice, the 
present proprietor. Philip Barrows kept a hotel a 
few years where Mr. Russell now lives. 

Maj. Samuel Warren entertained travelers during 
the first part of the century. The old Lovell road 
was the route over which the New Hampshire people 
came who settled on the Sandy river and at New 
Penacook (Rumford). 

Below Waterford there were numerous hotels. 
One at North Bridgton, two at Bridgton Center, 
Chute's afterward Church's at Naples, Longley's at 
Raymond ; three at Windham — North Windham, 
Windham Hill, and Windham Center — and five or 
more in Portland. The Elm and American houses 
were the great stage taverns. The Elm stood at the 
corner of Federal and Temple streets; the American 
on Congress street, where Deering block now stands. 

The policy of the Post Office Department for 
twenty years or more previous to 1840, tended to 



166 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

build up great stage-lines ; for by law the mails must 
be carried in four-horse stage coaches, and any per- 
son who bid off a mail-route was compelled by 
United States law to buy at fair appraisal enough of 
the stage stock of the party who had previously car- 
ried the mail to fairly equip himself. Of course the 
effect of this law was to check and in most cases 
wholly to prevent opposition, and consequently build 
up great stage companies on all the principal lines. 

The stage-lines in western Maine in 1835 (I men- 
tion this date because it marks the time of the 
greatest prosperity of staging in our state), with two 
exceptions, centered in Portland. The Portland 
post-office was the distributing post-office for the 
state, and it was naturally the center of all travel 
from within the state, and the distributing point of 
travel from without the state. 

Mr. Barnard's two-horse passenger coach, which 
in 1787^ was more than two days in going from Fal- 
mouth-town to Portsmouth, in 1830 had grown into 
the Portland Stage Company — a stock company 
under the management of Enoch Paine, who was its 
agent at Portland, and Alexander Rice, who was its 
as:ent at Portsmouth. These men were the sons of 
the gentlemen who put on the daily mail-stage be- 

1 Until 1806 the only stage-route in Maine was between Portsmouth 
and Portland. At that date a passenger coach was run to Augusta, in 
1810 to Farmington. 



MAIL ROUTES AND STAGES. 167 

tween Portland and Portsmouth a few years previous. 
Their capital was about $100,000. Their headquar- 
ters in Portland were at the old Elm House, corner 
of Temple and Federal streets. Their stables were 
where the Free-street block now stands. They had 
stables of their own at Kennebunk, Saco, and Ports- 
mouth. They owned three stage-routes; that from 
Portland to Portsmouth, from Kennebunk to Dover, 
and what was known as the back-route from Portland 
to Dover, N. H., by way of Gorham and Alfred. Of 
course there were connections at Portsmouth for 
Boston by the lower route (followed by the Eastern 
railroad a few years later), and from Dover to Bos- 
ton by the upper route, (afterward taken by the 
Boston and Maine railroad). From Portsmouth to 
Boston the stage-line was owned by the Eastern 
Stage Company. The Portland Stage Company 
owned two hundred or more horses; sleighs and 
stages in proportion. Between Portland and Ports- 
mouth they run two stages, a mail and an accom- 
modation. The mail-stage, a six-seated coach, 
ran through to Boston seven times a week, leaving 
Portland each morning at five a.m., — breakfasting at 
Saco, dining at Portsmouth, taking supper at Salem, 
and reaching Boston at eight p.m. A half-hour was 
allowed for each meal. Five sets of horses were 
used between Portland and Portsmouth, the changes 
being made at Saco, Kennebunk, Wells, and Cape 



168 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

Neddick. Five sets were used between Portsmouth 
and Boston ; the changes were made at Hampton, 
Newburyport, Ipswich, and Salem. The stage was 
on the road thirteen hours and a half. The time 
made was eight miles an hour. Since 1783 the dis- 
tance from Boston to Portland had been reduced 
to one hundred and eight miles by straightening the 
roads. The fare from Portland to Boston was $8.00 j 
$4.00 to Portsmouth. 

The accommodation stage, a nine passenger coach, 
left Portland for Boston six times a week. It break- 
fasted at Portland, dined at Kennebunk, spent the 
night at Portsmouth, dined the next day at New- 
buryport, and reached Boston in time for supper. 
This stage carried no mails. The fare was $6.00 to 
Boston, $3.00 to Portsmouth. 

The mail-stage connected each day at Kennebunk 
with a mail-stage which run to Dover. Fare from 
Portland to Dover, $3.00. 

A mail-stage run from Portland to Dover by the 
way of Gorham and Alfred three times a week. The 
distance was sixty miles, fare $3.00. This was 
known as the back route to Boston. It was formerly 
a part of the Haverhill Stage Company line. This 
company was a very extensive affair, having its 
headquarters in Haverhill, Mass., with lines running 
to Boston, Concord, N. H., Lowell, Newburyport, 
Salem, and Dover, N. H., and a capital of not much 



MAIL ROUTES AND STAGES. 169 

less than $250,000. It was started in 1804, at first 
between Haverhill and Boston; the stage did not 
run to Dover, N. H., until about 1820. Hiram Plum- 
mer of Haverhill was the agent in 1835. 

Next in size was the Maine Stage Company. They 
owned all the lines which run between Portland and 
Augusta, except what was known as the back route. 
Its headquarters in Portland were at the Elm House, 
owned and kept at that time by Hale & Waterhouse. 
Its Portland stables stood where the Chestnut street 
school-house now stands. Mr. S. T. Corser, recently 
superintendent of the A. and S. L. R. R,, was the Port- 
land agent. Their Brunswick agent was David Shaw. 
Their headquarters at Augusta were at the Augusta 
House. The Augusta agent was Jabez Sawin. 
This company owned two hundred or more horses, 
and a proportionate number of sleighs and coaches. 
Their capital stock was $75,000. 

The mail from Portland east was called the "great 
eastern mail." It was a huge affair, sometimes 
weighing a ton. It was carried underneath the 
driver's seat and in a big box on the rack, and some- 
times in an extra. From Bath it was forwarded to 
Bangor by the way of Wiscasset, Thomaston, and 
Belfast; from Augusta to Bangor by way of Vassal- 
borough, China, and Dixmont. Seven times a week 
the Maine Stage Company sent this mail from Port- 
land at six A.M. by a six-passenger coach. The stage 
12 



170 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

breakfasted at Yarmouth, dined at Richmond, and 
reached Augusta at three in the afternoon. The 
fare from Portland to Augusta was $4.00; distance 
sixty miles. 

The Maine Stage Company owned two other lines 
between Portland and Augusta, — the Southwest 
Bend route and the Union line. Stages run daily, 
except Sundays, over the Southwest Bend route by 
way of Walnut Hill (North Yarmouth), Pownal, 
Durham, Lisbon, Wales, and Winthrop. The distance 
was sixty miles; the fare was $3.00. 

The Union Line was a tri-weekly ; it run through 
Union, Lisbon Falls, Litchfield, and Hallowell. r The 
distance was fifty-six miles; the fare was $3.00. 

There were numerous short lines of stages from 
Portland to the suburban towns. These were all 
dailies. One run from Portland to Yarmouth, leav- 
ing Portland at five p.m., reaching Yarmouth at 
seven. The distance was twelve miles ; the fare was 
seventy-five cents. 

Another run from Portland to Brunswick, leaving 
Portland at three p.m. The distance was twenty-six 
miles, fare $1.50. This was owned by the Maine 
Stage Company. 

A third run from Portland to Saco,. leaving Port- 
land at five P.M. The distance was sixteen miles, 
fare $1.00. This was owned by the Portland Stage 



MAIL ROUTES AND STAGES. 171 

Company. All these short lines run into Portland 
in the morning. 

There were two cross-lines, so called, in western 
Maine, ending at Augusta. 

The first connected with the line of stages which 
run from Concord through Center Harbor, Tamworth, 
and Conway to Fryeburg. From Fryeburg this line 
run across the country through Lovell, Waterford, 
Paris, Buckfield, Turner, and Winthrop to Augusta. 
The round trip was made once a week, if the con- 
dition of the roads permitted. There was more 
exercise per mile for the horses by this than perhaps 
by any other route in the western part of the state, 
for the roads often sought the high and steep hills. 
When the driver left Fryeburg in the spring for 
Augusta, friends crowded around with tearful good- 
byes ; it was like the parting scenes when a "banker " 
leaves Gloucester for the Georges in February. 

The second of the cross-routes run from Dover, 
N. H., through Alfred, Hollis, Standish, Windham, 
Gray, Lewiston, and Greene to Augusta. The east- 
ern end of this line, from Gray to Augusta, was 
owned by Lewis Howe; from Gray to Alfred by 

George R. Kimball and Whitney ; from Alfred 

to Dover, N. H., by Henry Say ward and Joseph Emer- 
son. This route owned seventy-five horses ; coaches 
and sleighs to correspond. 



172 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

A daily stage connected with this line at Gray for 
Portland, and a tri-weekly at Reed's tavern Danville 
for Farmington by way of Turner, Livermore, Jay, 
and Wilton. The distance from Danville to Farm- 
ington was forty-five miles, the fare was $3.50. Mr. 
Beedle owned this line. 

A, stage run from Portland to Paris Hill by way of 
Gray, New Gloucester, Poland, and Oxford. The 
distance was fifty miles, the fare was $2.50. This 
line connected at Paris with two tri-weeklies, one of 
which run through Woodstock, Greenwood, Bethel, 
Gilead, and Shelburne to Lancaster, N. H. ; the other 
through North Paris and Rumford to Andover. The 
Paris line was owned and driven by Grove Water- 
house of Paris. 

A stage run from Portland to Conway by the way 
of Baldwin and Fryeburg. The distance was sixty 
miles, the fare was $3.00. Connecting with this was 
a tri-weekly, which run through the Notch to Lan- 
caster. The Conway line was owned and driven by 
John Smith of Fryeburg, more recently the owner 
and landlord of the Oxford House in that town. 

The Paris and Conway stages were tri-weeklies. 

About 1812 William, son of Gefteral Benjamin 
Sawin, bought the mail-route between Waterford and 
Portland. He generally traveled horseback ; but if 
any one wished he would carry them to Portland in 
a wagon. In 1815 he used a two-horse stage or 



MAIL ROUTES AND STAGES. 173 

wagon to carry occasional passengers and the mail. 
In 1820 he used four horses a part of the time. 
People came from the back country — Albany, Bethel, 
Rumford, Gilead, and Newry — to take the stage for 
Portland. 

The Waterford stage about 1830 passed into the 
control of Colonel Scribner of Raymond and Eliakim 
Maxfield of Waterford. They run a tri-weekly from 
Waterford to Portland by way of Bridgton, Ray- 
mond, and Windham. The distance was forty-five 
miles, the fare $2.50. This line connected at Water- 
ford Flat with a tri-weekly which run through to 
Bethel Hill by way of Hunts corner, Albany. It 
was then owned by Eliakim Maxfield and Samuel 
Whittier, landlord of the American House. 

In 1845, Col. Humphrey Cousins, a native of Po- 
land, now of Gorham, bought into this line. It was 
then owned by Mr. Maxfield and Samuel Whittier of 
Portland, proprietor of the American House. It was 
then running a four-horse stage to Portland every 
other day, and was a very paying route. Mr. Max- 
field was a most excellent manager. A man of the 
highest business integrity, he was universally re- 
spected. The travel and express business was large, 
and this company carried all the mails between Port- 
land and Waterford on this stage-route. 

Col. Humphrey Cousins, then a young man, was 
the beau ideal of a stage-driver; tall, courteous. 



174 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

capable, and generous to a fault, — while Mr. Whit- 
tier backed the company liberally. The company 
were on the high road to fortune when the enter- 
prising men of Bridgton Center, North Bridgton, 
and Harrison decided to make use of the beautiful 
chain of lakes below us which furnish a water-way 
thirty miles long. So in 1846 under the name of 
the Sebago and Long Pond Steam Navigation 
Company,^ they decided to build a little steamboat 
to ply on these lakes, connecting with stages at 
the one end for Portland, at the other at Bridgton 
Center with North Conway, with Lovell, and at 
Harrison Flat with Waterford Flat, North Water- 
ford, Albany Basins, and Bethel Hill. Maxfield, 
Whittier, and Cousins were to take part of the 
stock and throw up their stage-route. The Steam- 
boat Company was to run the stage from Harrison 
Flat to Bethel Hill, and from Chadbournes landing 
to Portland. A private company^ at Lovell village 
was to run a six-horse coach to Bridgton Center con- 

^This company bad the sole and exclusive right of employing and 
using steam power for the purpose of navigation on Long and Sebago 
Ponds and intervening waters, during the term of ten years. 

The last meeting of the Steamboat Company was held at the hotel 
of Almon Kneeland, Harrison, January 11, 18(30. Geo. Pierce, Samuel 
F. Perley, and Eliakim Maxfield were chosen directors. 

^ This company consisted of Col. James Walker, Eben Nutter, Samuel 
Thoms, James Hutchins, Eliakim Maxfield, and Colonel Humphrey 
Cousins. 



OPPOSITION STAGE. 175 

necting with the boat. Col. Cousins was to drive 
and act as agent for this stage-Hne from Lovell vil- 
lage to Bridgton Center, then go over the lake and 
drive from Chadbournes landing to Portland. All 
these arrangements were made in the spring of 1846. 
In 1847 Mr. Friend came from New York to 
build the boat, and it was hoped that she would be 
running by September. 

That summer, was put on the famous opposition 
line by George R. Kimball of Waterford, and Richard 
Gage of Bridgton Center. Mr. Gage kept a hotel at 
Bridgton Center, opposite the Bridgton House kept 
by Mighill Davis. The Waterford stage always 
stopped with Mr. Davis ; Mr. Gage naturally hoped 
to divert at least a part of the travel to his hotel. 
The opposition hoped too to get a share of the travel 
from Portland to the foot of the lake, after the boat 
was put on. There was some complaint that Mr. 
Maxfield was a slow driver. Most of us can testify 
that there was some truth in that assertion. The 
story is told that as late in the afternoon Mr. Max- 
field was leisurely driving through Raymond he 
overtook a wag quite famous in that country. The 
old man turned as the stage came upon him, and 
said, " Well, well, I am glad to see you ; I heard that 
you was coming." ''How did you hear?" said Max- 
field. " Why," said the old man, " Major just 



176 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

came along with a drove of lambs, and said that he 
passed you back at Church's" (Naples). Maxfield 
whipped up his horses. Generally he laughed last. 

One day an old lady was waiting for him at a 
cross-road just below Bridgton Center. She not only 
had a liberal amount of baggage, but a loom which 
she wished transported — for nothing, of course. It 
was in the spring of the year, the traveling was ter- 
rible. " Madam," said Maxfield, " I am sorry, but I 
can't take this loom. I have promised to put on a 
saw-mill just below." 

The contest between the old line and the oppo- 
sition was an unequal one. Nearly every man of 
property from the foot to the head of the ponds had 
stock in the steamboat line, and so would naturally 
support it ; besides the old line had a stable full of 
horses and large capital. Previously the fare was 
two dollars from Waterford Flat to Portland ; it was 
now put down to fifty cents, and if a party remon- 
strated at this they were carried for nothing. The 
whole country seemingly went to Portland. Such 
an inroad of country cousins was never seen before ; 
numerous extras were hired. Often more than a 
hundred passengers were carried. Each stage started 
from Waterford as soon after six as possible, " and got 
to Portland before the other!" Unless the traveling 
was very bad they always reached Portland in time 
for dinner — one o'clock. 



OPPOSITION STAGE. 177 

A well-known business man who had two boys at 
North Bridgton at school, that were taking advantage 
of the low fares and coming home every Friday with 
a parcel of friends to spend Sunday, came to Colonel 
Cousins at the American House, full of pretended 
anger, and demanded of him that the fare should be 
at once restored to two dollars. He declared that 
he was eaten out of house and home, and said there 
was nothing left in his house but a ham-bone and 
some salt fish. 

The Portland, Saco and Portsmouth railroad was 
at that time completed to Portland ; so Cousins and 
Kimball used to go to the depot each night to solicit 
passengers. One night a lot of young fellows from 
Albany and Waterford arrived on the train. Mr. 
Kimball wanted to carry them and said that he 
would get to Waterford first. Cousins said that if 
he didn't get there first he wouldn't charge them 
anything. The boys saw a possible chance of saving 
a half-dollar each, so they concluded to go with 
Cousins. At precisely seven Cousins left the Ameri- 
can House with a six-horse coach, and fourteen 
through passengers. In four hours and forty min- 
utes he drove into the company's stable at Waterford 
Flat ; the distance was fifty miles. There were three 
sets of horses used. It is needless to say the boys 
had to pay their fare. 

Of course there was not the best of feeling be- 



178 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

tween the rival drivers. Occasionally they locked 
wheels; and once when the four-horse coach under- 
took to head the six which was rushing by, the driver 
of the six turned in and struck the off fore wheel of 
the smaller coach with tremendous force ; this 
threw the pole around with such power as to knock 
down the near "wheeler," and ended in a general 
wrecking of harnesses, but fortunately did no other 
damage. 

Perhaps the best time made during the whole flight 
was in the winter. The roads were covered with 
ice. There was not a spot of bare ground as big as 
your hand between Waterford and Portland. The 
old line had just bought a huge open four-seat sleigh. 
There were twenty passengers aboard. The oppo- 
sition was just behind ; the air was sharp and bracing, 
and the Colonel let them out. From the American 
House to Windham Hill they were just fifty-five 
minutes. As soon as they drove in sight a mile below 
the Hill, the stable boys rushed out with six fresh 
horses who were already harnessed, and stood them 
in double line. The Colonel drove up between them. 
Not a soul moved from the sleigh. Six eager loafers 
unfastened the tired horses; in a twinkling the fresh 
ones took their places ; they were crazy to go. All 
summer they had been engaged in occasional brushes 
with the opposition, and were as eager as their driver. 
A man stood at the head of each horse. The hostler 



STEAMBOAT ENTERPRISE. 179 

threw the reins to the Colonel. " Straighten them 
out," said the Colonel. The stable boys started them 
up until the tugs drew. "Let 'em go," said the 
Colonel, and they were off like a flash. They never 
broke their run until some ways above Upper 
corner. North Windham. And you who teamed over 
that road thirty years ago, remember that it is no 
gentle descent from the Hill to the plain. The run 
was made from Windham Hill to Raymond, eight 
miles, in thirty minutes. The opposition for that 
day at least was distanced, and the rest of the trip 
was taken more leisurely. During this year Max- 
field drove a mail-stage, and drove it slow. Timid 
people rode with him. If the Colonel had a severe 
brush on one trip, Maxfield the next jogged those 
horses over the route. 

But to return to the boat enterprise. The arrange- 
ments made in 1846 were completed and carried out 
in 1847. The Waterford Stage Company, sold their 
stage interest to the Steamboat Company, taking 
$1200 in company stock in part payment. In the 
summer of 1847 the Fawn made her first trip. Her 
cost was over $8000. She was but a little more 
than a portable steam-engine. Her boiler was large 
enough for a river steamer. A few passengers could 
with care be stowed away on her bow and stern. 
She made the round trip three times a week. The 
old stage-line had a contract for carrying the mail 



180 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

wliich comjDelled them to keep on a mail-stage 
through the summers of 1847 and 1848. From No- 
vember until May the stages run as formerly between 
Waterford and Portland. The Steamboat Company 
paid fairly for a year or two ; but the opening of the 
Grand Trunk railroad with its connecting stage-lines 
ruined the enterprise. Her boiler was taken out 
and sent to Moosehead Lake, the hull was abandoned. 
The stockholders got back a very small percentage 
of their investment. Travel came now to Waterford, 
Bridgton, and Harrison by the Grand Trunk railroad. 
Mr. Maxfield bought out the Fryeburg and Paris 
sections of the old Augusta, Fryeburg^ and Concord 
stage-line of Mr. Thomas S. Abbott of Portland, 
which he continued to run until his death, and which 
his son Horace Maxfield run until the opening of the 
Portland and Ogdensburg railroad. He then sold the 
part from Waterford Flat to Paris to John F. Rice of 
North Waterford, who united it with his line from 
Paris to North Lovell (by way of North Waterford 
and East Stoneham), which he had run since about 
1855. 

All these stages in western Maine in 1835 carried 
the mails,^ except the accommodation stages between 

1 In 1840 the Post Office Department changed its policy and allowed 
what were known as " star bids." By the terms of these a party 
bidding off the mails could carry them as he pleased. This of course 
tended to break down the old routes. 



'STAGE ROUTES. 181 

Portland and Portsmouth, and Portland and Augusta. 
They were four-horse coaches, and carried either six 
or nine passengers. It was not common in those 
times to carry passengers on the top of the coach. 

The stage companies always held themselves in 
readiness to provide extra coaches and horses if 
business demanded. During the summer they often 
dispatched three or four extra coaches (six seats) 
through to Boston or Augusta. Any one could hire 
a coach by paying $24.00 to Portsmouth or Augusta, 
the price of six seats, or $29.00, the price of nine 
seats; double these sums hired a coach through 
to Boston. It was not uncommon for parties who 
were going through to Boston or Augusta together, 
to travel "private freight" as it was called. These 
great companies also furnished a horse, chaise, and 
driver to a single individual. The charge was $12.00 
from Portland to Augusta or Portsmouth, $24.00 
through to Boston. 

The introduction of steamboats greatly injured the 
coast-lines of stages. These commenced to run be- 
tween Boston and Portland as early as 1823. In ten 
years from that time they were running between all 
the prominent coast-towns and along the rivers. 
The Portland and Boston steamboats made the trip 
in about the same time as now. The fare was $5.00, 

Of all this great system of stage-lines that were 
in their glory in 1835, but one remained in 1850, 



182 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

and that was the old White Mountain line from Port- 
land through Standish, Baldwin, and Fryeburg to 
North Conway ; and this at last succumbed to the 
Portland and Ogdensburg railroad. 

The railroads not only superseded the stages, but 
it will be noticed that for the most part they followed 
in the courses that these had marked out. 

We have seen that the proprietors of Bridgton 
early utilized the water-ways below us, — Long and 
Sebago ponds, — by granting to Jonathan Kimball of 
North Bridgton a lot of land, on condition that he 
build and run a sail-boat between the head of the 
pond and Standish for the convenience of immigrants. 

The project of a canal between Sebago pond and 
Saccarappa was considered as early as 1791. Two 
companies were formed; the one to build this canal, 
the other to build a canal from Presumpscot river 
above Saccarappa Falls to Fore river. The estimated 
expense was $20,000 ! Nothing came of this project. 
In 1821 another charter was obtained for a canal 
from Waterford Flat to Fore river, under the name 
of the Cumberland and Oxford Canal. The '• head 
of the canal" (in anticipation) was near the town- 
house. Esquire Whitman even contracted with a 
party for dumping a lot of stumps at the " landing." 

A lottery was granted the proprietors by which 



CUMBERLAND AND OXFORD CANAL. 183 

they were allowed to raise $50,000 to assist them.i 
In 1825 the Canal Bank was incorporated with a 
capital of $300,000, on condition that a quarter part 
of its capital be invested in the stock of the Cum- 
berland and Oxford Canal. The work was com- 
menced in 1828 and finished in 1830, at a cost of 
$206,000. Considerable stock was sold in Waterford. 
It is needless to say that it was worthless, except the 
$75,000 guaranteed by the Canal Bank. 

The canal, until the opening of the Atlantic and 
St. Lawrence railroad, did a large business, and was 
a great advantage to the people of this section. 

The canal interests were greatly injured by the 
Atlantic and St. Lawrence railroad. The opening of 
the Portland and Ogdensburg railroad caused its 
abandonment. 

Heavy goods of all kinds were brought to Harrison 
Flat, North Bridgton, and Bridgton Center in the 
summer, stored and distributed through the back 
country of Maine, Coos county, N. H., and even 

1 Sixty years ago it was very common in the New England States for a 
town to get legislative permission to organize a lottery to build any 
pviblic w ork. In 1784 eleven lotteries were authorized by Massachusetts 
to aid in building bridges, roads, mills, etc. The managers of these 
lotteries were appointed by the state. Of course it was an expensive 
and demoralizing way for a community to raise money. The custom 
undoubtedly grew out of the peculiar restiveness under taxation of a 
people wholly engaged in agriculture. The same unwillingness to be 
taxed, and the same methods of avoiding direct taxation, are in vogue 
in the South to day. 



184 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

upper Vermont, in the winter. More than a hun- 
dred canal boats were in use. The Blakes of Harri- 
son Flat did the largest business. "Farmers Head- 
quarters" was painted in large letters along the front 
of their spacious store. They even sold goods at 
Portland prices. Much of the Androscoggin and 
Coos teaming passed through Waterford, making 
business lively at our hotels. 

I have given you in brief the growth of trans- 
portation facilities in western Maine. First the 
rugged road which wound along our coast in 1783, 
and crept a little up the Saco, Androscoggin, and 
Kennebec. Six years later it had reached Machias. 
As late as 1793 there was not a post-office in Maine 
five miles from the ocean. Thirteen years later a 
passenger coach run to Augusta; seventeen years 
later to Farmington; twenty years later to Water- 
ford. From this time stages multiplied until every 
town had regular communication with the outside 
world. The amount of property invested in staging 
in western Maine in 1835 could not have been much 
less than $300,000. The number of miles of staging 
was a little more than eight hundred ; the daily run was 
not far from five hundred and fifty miles. The num- 
ber of horses used was about six hundred. From 
this, one can estimate the number of coaches, sleighs, 
and sets of harnesses in use. No wonder that timid 



SURPLUS EEVENTJE. 185 

people prophesied the ruin of horse breeders, coach, 
sleigh, and harness makers, and taverns ; or as one of 
these croakers told Mr. Niles (so long senior partner 
in Niles & Co.'s express of Dover, N. H.), then a driver 
between Haverhill and Dover, " When stages come off, 
Niles, I'll bet my life I can buy a horse for $2.00." 
Great pride was taken by the stage companies in their 
teams. The strings of horses used on the Portland 
or Augusta ends of the different routes were care- 
fully selected. 

The profits of staging from 1820 to 1840 were 
large. It is said that the Portland Stage Company 
had on its books a vote passed during the season of 
its greatest prosperity, that the company should 
never declare more than twenty-four per cent divi- 
dend. With the stages came the canal, which worked 
a great local change in freighting. 

The introduction of steam into Maine was to a 
very considerable extent in advance of the wants of 
the people. An agricultural state, which lived largely 
within itself, which imported little and exported less, 
no wonder that our railroads failed to pay. We have 
to a certain extent grown up to them. 

Many of you recall the fact that there was a sur- 
plus revenue during the administration of Jackson. 
Our democratic fathers did not know what to do 
with it, and so distributed it among the states ; the 
13 



186 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

states did not know what to do with it, so they dis- 
tributed it among the towns, and the towns by their 
action showed plainly that they were in the same 
predicament. In 1837 the town appointed a com- 
mittee consisting of Lewis Jewell, Sprout Hapgood, 
and Levi Brown to take charge of the surplus reve- 
nue. They were to lend it in sums not exceeding 
one hundred dollars to any man or company of men 
who would give sufficient security, and pay yearly 
interest in advance. This interest was to be appro- 
priated for the benefit of the town schools. This 
vote was not carried into effect; for in 1839 the 
town voted that the selectmen pay to each individual 
or his guardian the proportion of the surplus revenue 
due them, which was $2.75. 

In 1839 there was a furious controversy over the 
location of our north-east boundary line. " No fight 
so bitter as a land fight " — whether waged between 
neighbors or nations, is an Anglo-Saxon proverb. 
When as children you read the story of the old 
French war, you doubtless wondered that the scat- 
tered colonists who had barely scarred the shores 
of the Atlantic, should dare famine, Indian invasion, 
and death, to wrest from the French the country west 
of the Alleghanies — five hundred miles away; and 
with the means of inter-communication then known 
to them, more than three hundred years distant from 



EASTERN BOUNDARY. 187 

general settlement. It was not a blind avarice, a 
greed of land, that made our fathers beggar them- 
selves to wrest the valley of the Mississippi from the 
French. God made the Anglo-Saxon the Roman, 
the civilizer, of the new world. He can not help his 
destiny, he ought not to try. 

The struggle over the northeast-boundary was be- 
tween Anglo-Saxons, and it mattered little for civili- 
zation which way the contest terminated. Of course 
we thought we were right, and were ready to fight for 
our rights. The governor of the state called out ten 
thousand militia, a part of whom rendezvoused at 
Augusta during the month of March. The quota 
of Waterford, consisting of ten men, was united 
with that of Albany, Sweden, Lovell, and Stowe, 
under the command of Capt. David Haskell of Al- 
bany. Colonel Ripley of Paris was in command of 
the companies from this county. The town hired 
teams and caj^ried its men to Augusta. At a meet- 
ing a few days after the draft the town passed the 
following vote : 

" That men drafted, or going into actual service, receive four 
dollars a month from the town, and that those drafted hiring 
substitutes receive the amount that they pay their substitute, 
provided that the sum does not exceed four dollars a month." 

The Waterford squad stopped in Augusta at the 
Eagle hotel on Water street. The people of Augusta 
had reason to remember the Madawaska war for 



188 HISTOKICAL ADDRESS. 

years. The soldiers drilled but occasionally, and of 
course had a great deal of idle time. They were 
ununiformed, so that it was impossible to distinguish 
soldier from citizen; consequently the perpetrators 
of rowdyish acts could not be easily detected. The 
firmness and good judgment of General Scott, and 
afterward of Mr. Webster, probably averted the im- 
pending war. The soldiers returned home after an 
absence of six weeks or more. 

There was no change in the local organization of 
our militia until 1825. That year a second cavalry 
company was formed through the influence of Thomas 
Kilborne, who had trained in such a company in Bos- 
cawen, N. H. Major Theodore Stone, who had served 
with honor in the regular militia, was elected captain 
as a compliment to his military career. He declined 
the honor, and Thomas Kilborne was elected in his 
place; with Levi Brown as first lieutenant, William 
Stone, cornet. This company, in connection with one 
afterward formed in Bethel, constituted a battalion, of 
which Lieutenant Levi Brown was elected major ; but 
in a few years it was disbanded for want of interest. 
Some of the officers of the Waterford company 
were, Jacob H. Green, Oliver Hale, jr., Cyrus Hough- 
ton, and Luther Houghton, who was the last captain. 

Until about 1830 the militia were well organized, 
and there was general interest in military matters. 



THE MILITIA. 189 

The growth of peace principles and the temperance 
reform did much to destroy popular interest in them. 
There were certain evils attending trainings and 
musters. At this time the use of liquor was unre- 
stricted. Naturally men away from home, who were 
accustomed to its use, drank to excess. There was 
considerable rowdyism consequent upon the gather- 
ing of so many soldiers and outsiders. 

Between 1830 and 1844, the date of the disbanding 
of the state militia, the whole thing had become a 
farce. Incompetent officers were chosen; the men 
were disorderly or rowdyish. As an illustration 
of this, I give the following incident that occurred 
at Lovell village. Colonel Hartford, village hotel- 
keeper, ordered the Waterford company to be pres- 
ent at roll-call at five a.m. Provoked at the unreas- 
onableness of this, they reached there at four a.m., 
and filed by his house. As they passed by the door 
of the bar-room, each put the muzzle of his gun, 
which was loaded with a blank cartridge, within a 
few inches of it and fired, the charge passing through 
the door. I do not learn that the colonel dared 
make any remonstrance. 

Another colonel from Rumford received his elec- 
tion on account of his incompetency. In a speech 
which he was obliged to make on receiving the office, 
he said, " I can't make a speech, but what I lack in 
brains I will try and make up in rum." 



190 mSTOEICAL ADDRESS, 

In 1835 I find that sixty-nine out of seventy-eight 
men were absent from the roll-call of Company B. 
In 1840 I find the following entry in one of the 
company books : " Owing to the extraordinary skill 
of the colonel the company performed many won- 
derful military manoeuvres through the day, at the 
close of which the company was dismissed with great 
honor. Joseph Shaw, clerk." This is the last entry 
made by the clerk for company B, and probably 
gives in brief the story of the last training : " The 
company met at the time and place appointed, was 
paraded, sized, and the roll called. A portion of the 
law was read and various shameful scenes were 
enacted, at the close of which the company was dis- 
missed." 

A few figures showing the extent of the military 
resources of the state in 1820 may be of interest. 
The organized militia consisted that year of infantry, 
28,397; cavalry, 1,020. The infantry was divided 
into forty-five regiments. These regiments made six 
divisions and twelve brigades. The cavalry consisted 
of one regiment, five battalions, and two unattached 
companies, commanded by one colonel and nine 
majors. The artillery consisted of one regiment, 
eleven batteries, and two unattached companies, com- 
manded by a colonel and nine majors. There were 
forty-two companies of light infiintry and five com- 
panies of riflemen. The light infantry, cavalry, and 



TEMPERANCE REFORM. 191 

artillery were equipped at their own expense. They 
drilled more frequently and took more pride in their 
appearance than did the infantry. It was estimated 
that the value of military stores in the arsenal was 
$171,292, and that the arms and equipments of the 
soldiers and officers were worth $243,500. The 
annual expense of the militia to the state was- 
$150,000. 

The history of the temperance reform in Water- 
ford is substantially the same as in every agricultural 
town in the state. Until 1821 the use of spirit was 
general, and its sale was unrestricted by law. In 
1828 there were retailed in town three thousand one 
hundred gallons of ardent spirits, about three gallons 
to each inhabitant. Besides an enormous amount of 
ardent spirits, cider of all grades of strength was in 
universal use. No cellar was properly stored with 
winter supplies that did not contain at least several 
barrels of cider. This beverage was omnipresent; a 
pitcher of it stood on the table, and a jug of it went 
regularly to the corn and hay field. It was an anti- 
dote for every pain and ill. Major Samuel Warren 
was a temperance man for the times ; yet as late as 
1825 he was accustomed to provide half a barrel of 
New England rum for haying and harvesting. That 
summer he laid in one-fourth the usual supply. His 
sons displeased at this scanty provision, refused to 



192 HISTOEICAL ADDRESS. 

drink any. To their surprise they found themselves 
in better condition at the end of the haying season 
than on any previous year. It is needless to say 
that spirits have never since been brought on to that 
farm. 

In 1821 the town imposed the first license stricture 
on the sale of spirit. The license fee was six dollars 
and twenty-five cents. Each storekeeper in town 
took out a license and sold liquor in quantities to suit. 
An inspection of one of the old accounirbooks of 
those days is interesting. My uncle, Perly Warren, 
kept store in the house now occupied by Daniel 
Brown, Esq. Nearly every other charge in his 
account-book is for " rum." So often did he write 
this word that the charge was simply an E, with a 
straight line after it, with a figure three appended — 
the price of a drink. 

In 1823 the town inserted a clause in the license 
requiring the liquor to be " spent " off the premises. 
One year the selectmen made out a list of confirmed 
drunkards and posted it in every store. The store- 
keepers were not allowed to sell to these. This re- 
striction was of course evaded by the drunkards get- 
ting some one to purchase for them. Afterward the 
selectmen instead of posting handed the names of 
these unfortunates to the sellers. 

In 1831 the town voted sixty-four to thirty-three 
not to license. In 1832 the friends of license rallied 



PHYSICIANS. 193 

and voted to license. In 1845 the town voted not 
to license. In 1858 the Maine law was submitted to 
a popular vote, the town voting in its favor eighty- 
nine to one. I do not believe that there is a man 
in this audience that would have the hardihood to 
say, that for the last five years there has been drank 
in the town of Waterford one gallon of distilled or 
fermented liquors, where fifty were drank sixty years 
ago. Without regard to party we are, — substan- 
tially, — all prohibitionists. 

The following is a list of doctors and lawyers who 
came to town between 1820 and 1875. It will be 
borne in mind that Dr. Leander Gage was in success- 
ful practice here until 1846. 

Dr. John French was cotemporary with Dr. Gage. 
He did not remain long. 

Dr. Lewis W. Houghton, a native of Waterford, 
followed him, and with good success. He resided 
where A. S. Kimball, Esq., now lives. He finally 
removed to Windham and after many changes died 
in Naples, Me. 

Dr. Seth C. Hunkins took the place of Dr. Hough- 
ton, (who took his place in Windham). He remained 
several years, then removed to Portland, where he 
died after service in the war as surgeon. 

Drs. Millett, Fessenden, and Bradbury practiced 
each a short time in town. 



194 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

Dr. S. L. Weston from Otisfield practiced here for 
some time with success. 

Dr. Charles L. Wilson, a native of Newfield, is now 
located on the Flat, and has a large practice. 

Dr. Prescott, hydropathic, Dr. Goodenow, Thom- 
sonian, practiced here for a season, and perhaps 
others whose names we have not found. 

Dr. Shattuck has long been at the head of the 
Hygienic Institute, an eclectic establishment, which 
has a large patronage and much success. 

Before the village had grown up and given the 
place increased importance, several physicians located 
in North Waterford, but only for a brief time, — Drs. 
Gordon, Osgood (since of North Yarmouth), and J. 
B. Eastman, who afterward became a clergyman. 

The first physician who settled in the village was 
Dr. W. W. Greene. 

Dr. E. B. Pike followed Dr. Greene, but after a 
few years of practice studied theology and went 
into the ministry. 

Dr. Peables followed Dr. Pike. He remained not 
very long, but had good success. 

Dr. N. D. Faunce followed him. He is now the 
physician of the place, and has a large practice. 

George F. Emery followed Mr. Whitman, who had 
established himself here about 1817. He was born 
in Paris, Me. He moved to Portland, became clerk 



LAWYERS. 



195 



of the United States District Court, and is now con- 
nected with the Boston Post. 

Elbridge Gerry, son of Peter Gerry, was born in 
Waterford, and commenced practice about 1835. He 
was member of Congress from this District. A man 
of popular abilities and bearing, he was taking a 
high place in his profession when stricken down by 
disease, which has unfitted him for active business 
for the last twenty-five years. He now resides 
in Portland. 

M. B. Bartlett, a native of Bethel, followed him. 
He moved to Wyandot, Kansas; thence to Fort 
Gates, Florida, where he now resides. 

Josiah S. Hobbs was born in Lovell. He practiced 
both at North Waterford and Waterford Flat. He 
was afterward Register of Probate for this county, 
and is now state librarian. 

James L. Haskell was a native of Sweden. He 
practiced here but a short time, and died of con- 
sumption. 

Thomas J. Brigham was born in Buckfield. After 
living here a short time he moved back to Buckfield, 

A. S. Kimball, a native of Waterford, commenced 
and is still in successful practice here. 

Nathaniel Howe is the only lawyer who has ever 
practiced at Waterford City. He moved here from 
North Bridgton early in the present century. He 
was a lawyer of high distinction. In all relations he 



196 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

inspired and held the public confidence. He died in 
Waterford, 

The following is a list of physicians and lawyers 
who have gone from Waterford. 

Castilla Hamlin, son of Africa Hamlin, practiced 
successfully for some years in the eastern part of the 
state. He afterward moved to Rhode Island and 
died there. 

George Haskall, son of Samuel Haskall, practiced 
medicine in Illinois. 

Charles E. Carlton, son of deacon Edward Carlton, 
practices in Norwich, Conn. He is distinguished as 
an occulist. 

Thomas H. Gage, son of Dr. Leander Gage, is in 
practice at Worcester, Mass. He is recognized as 
one of the ablest physicians in his section. 

William W. Greene, son of Capt. J. H. Greene, com- 
menced practice at North Waterford. He has held 
professorships in several medical colleges, and always 
with marked success. He is now in large practice in 
Portland, and is recognized as one of the leading 
surgeons in the United States. 

John A. Douglass, son of Rev. John A. Douglass, 
and graduate of Bowdoin college, has a large and 
successful practice in Amesbury, Mass. 

William H. Horr, also son of William Horr, suc- 
cessfully practices medicine at Salmon Falls, N. II. 



PROFESSIONAL MEN RAISED IN WATERFORD. 197 

Orrin A. Horr, son of William Horr, is in good 
practice in Lewiston, Me. Mrs. Horr, daughter of 
William Kingman, late of Waterford, is an author- 
ized and useful physician. 

Jacob L. Horr, son of Stephen Horr, is physician 
and druggist at Cumberland Mills, Me., and has a 
good practice. 

George L. Kilgore was son of Liberty Kilgore, 
practiced some time in Windham, Me. He resides 
in Melrose, Mass. 

O'Neil W. Robinson, son of O'Niel W. Robinson, 
practiced law in Bethel, his native town. He was 
a major in the late war, and died of disease con- 
tracted in the service. 

Moses M. Robinson (son of the same), was captain 
in the late war. He now practices law in New York 
City. Both the Robinsons were graduates of Bow- 
doin college. 

Jonathan Stone, son of Moses Stone, began the 
practice of law in the West, and soon after died. 

Hon. Henry Carter, son of John Carter, merchant, 
practiced law in Bridgton, afterward in Portland, 
during which time he was editor of Portland Adver- 
tiser. Later he removed to Haverhill, Mass., where 
he has represented the county in the state senate. 
He resides in Bradford. 

Jacob L. Greene, son of Capt. J. H. Greene, prac- 



198 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

ticed law in the West, was colonel in the army, and 
is now president of the Connecticut Mutual Insur- 
ance Company of Hartford, Conn. 

Albert Barker, son of Joseph Barker, practices law 
in Colebrook, N. H.; is also editor. 

Thomas B. Swan, son of Capt. Thomas Swan, is 
in a good practice at Mechanic Falls. 

Elbridge Gerry, jun., son of Hon. Elbridge Gerry, 
is a native of Waterford, but pursued his pro- 
fessional studies after his father left town, and now 
practices law in Portland. 

Edward Sanderson, son of Col. John Sanderson, 
practiced law for a while^ afterward became a farmer. 

O'Neil W. Robinson, a native of Chatham, N. H., and 
afterward trader in Bethel and Portland, moved to 
Waterford in 1839. He was high sheriff of Oxford 
county from 1842-1850, and state senator in 1856. 
He was a large owner of pine and spruce timber in 
Berlin and Milan, N. H. He devoted his attention 
to the management of this during the last part of 
his life. 

George M. Gage, son of Dr. Leander Gage, grad- 
uated from the Normal school in Bridgewater, Mass., 
and was for several years the successful principal 
of the Normal school in Farmington, Me. He has 
since been principal of the State Normal school in 
Minnesota. 



AKTEMAS WARD. 199 

C. C. Rounds, son of Capt. Nathaniel Rounds, after 
a thorough preparation as a teacher, was elected 
principal at Farmington, following Mr. Gage. He 
still holds the position, in which he has had good 
success. 

Stephen C. Horr, a graduate of Bowdoin College, 
taught successfully in the West, but his health failed, 
and he died in the midst of much usefulness in the 
profession. 

Samuel F. Greene, son of Capt. J. H. Greene, is a 
successful teacher in the college for mutes in Belle- 
ville, Ontario, Canada. 



Charles F. Browne (Artemas Ward), son of Levi 
Browne, has now become a historic character. His 
popularity abroad is even greater than in his native 
land. There was genius in him, and a genial nature. 
There was neither malice in his wit, nor in his heart. 
He was unrivaled in strange turns of thought, in his 
power of grotesque grouping, in unlooked-for hits 
and sudden surprises. He was modest in this that he 
knew what he was, and what he was not ; what his 
art was, and what it was not. And from the first 
no one was ever more surprised at his success than 
himself Think what we may of his wit, we cannot 
be indifferent to the distinction that he gave his 
native town. 



200 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

The first store on Waterford Flat was opened in 
1802 by Eli Longley. He was followed by Calvin 
and Daniel Farrar in company, Daniel and Levi 
Brown in company, Major Whitman, Hannibal Ham- 
lin, Perley AVarren, Sprout Hapgood, Oliver Hale, jr., 
Oliver Porter, Livingston G. Robinson, and Ambrose 
A. Knight. 

The first store at the City was kept by Oliver Hale 
and Robert Haskins in company, opposite James S. 
Grant's, a half-mile below the City. This store was 
opened a few years later than that by Mr. Longley. 
They were followed by Daniel Brown, William Morse, 
William Willard, John Carter, Oliver Hapgood, Mon- 
roe and Swan, Messrs. Nelson, Noble, Young and 
others. A store was kept for some time near the old 
Methodist meeting-house. The first storehouse at 
the City was erected where the post-office now 
stands, about 1819. 

There was no village at North Waterford until 
after 1830. Fifteen or more years before, Samuel 
Page had built a small house a few rods back of the 
present hotel. With the exception of perhaps an acre 
around Mr. Page's buildings, a heavy growth of pine 
covered the land now occupied by the Corner village. 
Mr. Page owned a saw and grist-mill on the site of 
the present mills. 

The increase of population in " Bisbee Town," East 



MERCHANTS. 201 

Stoneham and Albany, led to the establishing of a 
store at North Waterford.^ 

The first traders at North Waterford (who kept in 
a little store directly opposite John B. Rand's, right 
in the corner of the old Lovell and Albany roads), 
were William Boswell and Moses Young (who built 
the present hotel, although he used it for a dwelling- 
house), Mr. Whitney and William W. Green. A store 
opposite was built and occupied somewhat later by 
Milton Jewett. He was followed by John York, 
John B. Rand, Jewett and Rand, Rand and Jewett, 
and John B. Rand, who is the present proprietor. 

Mr. Green, who was a thorough business man and 
a public spirited citizen, did much to build up the 
Village. He died in the prime of his powers in 1862. 
John B. Rand, native of Portland, a man of great 
energy, business tact, and public spirit, was contem- 
temporary with Mr. Green. He is still actively en- 
gaged in business at the Corner village. 

Mr. Horace M. Fiske is also in successful trade 
at North Waterford, and is the present postmaster. 

The war — its cost in men and money, its gain bj 
sacrifice — is too fresh in your memories for me to 

^West Stoneham was settled nearly as early as Waterford. East 
Stoueham was not settled to any extent until after the beginning of 
the present century, when the people of Waterford were enjoying 
comparative prosperity. For years these early settlers (Granters they 
were called) made a brave struggle with nature before they succeeded 
in wresting a living from their rocky hills. 
14 



202 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

need recite in detail the part that the young men of 
Waterford acted in it. They did their duty mod- 
estly and bravely. Citizen soldiers they were, sol- 
dier citizens they are to-day, bringing into their 
every-day life the habits of obedience to authority, 
and steady performance of duty which they learned 
in the camp and on the field. Untitled — most of 
them — their heroism is lost in that mighty stream of 
sacrifice that buried the rebellion. 

Here, in these hill towns of Maine, are most keen- 
ly felt the losses by the war. The city must be fed, 
and though a pestilence sweep it, in a few months 
none who walk its crowded streets would notice a 
trace of the destroyer. But the abandoned or half 
cultivated farms, the stricken parents, who feebly, 
almost aimlessly, continue the daily rounds of irk- 
some duty, will for a generation witness to the havoc 
wrought by the southern rebellion in the farming 
towns of New England. The drain of war, the 
subsequent drain to the city in consequence, were 
the heaviest blows that Waterford has ever received. 

The list ^ of soldiers that I give tells its own sad 
story. Thirty died of wounds or disease contracted 
in the service — four in confederate prisons — and this 
out of an aggregate of one hundred and four. 

1 In this list only men who went from Waterford are given. The 
town bought substitutes to some extent. It is impossible to get an 
accurate list of these. 



SOLDIERS, 1861—1865. 



203 



INFANTRY. 



Names. 



Rank. 

Augustus E. Horr, P. 

J. Mellen Webster, P. 

Andrew S. Hapgood, P. 

Austin W. Sylvester, died of disease in Port- 
land Oct. 31, 1863, Corp. 

Albert B. Whittier, P. 

Kapoleon Adley, drafted, P. 

Cyrus S. Green, drafted, P. 

"William Eussell, drafted, transferred to 
sharpshooters, killed at Hatchers Kun 
April, 1865, 

George H. Billings, 

Calvin H. Horr, drafted, 

Elbridge "W. Whiting, died of disease Feb. 
28, 1864, 

Henry H. Allen, 

George M. Knight, 

Lafayette Seavey, 

Charles O. Wood, 

William K. Kneeland, United States regular, 

Edwin Plummer, died of disease on board 
transport August, 1864, 

William Plummer, 

Samuel D. Parker, captured Oct. 19, 1864, at 
Cedar Creek, died in Salisbury prison 
Dec. 1, 1864, 

Charles Billings, died at New Orleans of dis- 
ease September, 1863, 

Moses M. Robinson, 

Dexter B. Brown, wounded at Port Hudson, 
discharged Sept. 22, 1863, 

Melzer Chadbourne, discharged for disability, 

Lewis Longley, died at Waterford of disease 
contracted in service, 

John Monroe, 



Length 
Co. Reg. of 

Service. 

G 1st 3 mos. 
G 1st 3 mos. 
G 1st 3 mos. 

D 7th 3ys. 

I 7th 3ys. 

B 8th ly. 

B 8th 1 y. 



P. 
P. 
P. 

P. 
P. 
P. 
P. 
P. 
P. 

P. 
P. 



B 8th ly. 

F 9th 3ys. 

D 9th ly. 

C 9th ly. 

G 10th 2 ys. 

10th 2ys. 

G 10th 2 ys. 

A 12th 3 ys. 

B 12th 3 ys. 

C 12th 3 ys. 

C 12th 3 ys. 



C 12th 3 ys. 



P. 


G 12th 


3ys. 


Capt. 


G 12th 


3ys 


Serg. 


G 12th 


3ys. 


Corp. 


G 12th 


3ys. 


P. 


G 12th 


3ys. 


Mus. 


G 12th 


3ys 



204 HISTOKICAL ADDRESS. 

Length 
Names. Rank. Co. Keg. of 

Service. 

Hendrick Smith, discharged for disability 

March 12, 1862, P. G 12th 3 ys. 

Almon Guy Ward, discharged for disability, O. S. G 12th 3 ys. 

George L. Watson, Corp. G 12th 3 ys. 

William W. Watson, P. G 12th 3 ys. 

John Stevens, died in Sweden, Me., of dis- 
ease contracted in the service, P. G 12th 3 ys. 

Jeremiah Jordan, died of disease May 31, 
1864, 

Franklin B. Blanchard, drafted, 

Alonzo H, Heath, drafted, 

George Page, 

William A. Allen, discharged for disability, 
soon after died, 

Wesley A. Stevens, 

Albion Poole, missing after action Sept. 19, 
1864, 

Augustus E. Horr, 

George White, 

Moses W. Rand, died at Portland Dec. 8, 

1862, of disease, Capt. D 16th 3 ys. 

S. Harrison Plummer, died at Waterford 
February, 1864, of disease contracted in 
the service, Capt. D 16th 

William B. Etter, wounded at Fredericks- 
burg, died Jan. 23, 1863, Serg. D 16th 

Timothy Butters, taken prisoner July 3, 

1864, died at Sahsbury Kov. 29, 1864, P. D 16th 

Jesse A. Cross, discharged for disability Nov. 

24, 1862, Serg. D 16th 

Isaac F. Jewett, wounded at Fredericksburg, 

transferred to V. R. C, Corp. D 16th 

Laforest Kimball, wounded at Gettysburg, 

discharged March 28, 1864, Corp. D 16th 

Andrew Kimball, P. D 16th 



P. 


H 13th 


3ys. 


p. 


14th 


ly. 


p. 


D 14th 


ly- 


Corp, 


, G 14th 


3ys. 


P. 


H 14th 


3ys. 


P. 


H 14th 


3ys. 


P. 


H 14th 


3ys. 


P. 


H 14th 


3ys. 


P. 


14th 


3ys. 



3ys. 


3ys. 


3ys. 


3ys. 


3ys. 


3 ys. 


Sys. 



SOLDIERS, 1861—1865. 



Names. Rank. 



205 



Co. Reg. 


Length 
Service. 


D 16th 


3 VS. 


D 16th 


3ys. 


D 16th 


3ys. 


D 16th 


3ys. 



Nathan S. Milliken, P. 

OUver H. McKeen, Wag. 

Dean A. Kilgore, discharged on account of 
disability March 10, 1868, P. 

Charles Plummer, C. S. 

Walter E. Stone, died of disease June 18, 

1863, Serg. D 16th 3 ys. 

Edward L. Hamlin, wounded at Fredericks- 
burg Dec. 13, 1862, transferred toV. R. C. 

Charles H. Stevens, killed at Gettysburg, 

Moody K. Stone, 

Isaac W. Wood, 

John M. Webster, died at Petersburg July 
11, 1864, of disease contracted at Belle 
Isle prison, 

Orlando S. MiUiken, killed in action May 6, 
1864, 

Thomas B. Perkins, died of disease Sept. 17, 
1864, 

Oren Lord, wounded at Gettysburg, died 
Oct. 29, 1863, 

David Lord, 

William A. Allen, 

John Atherton, 

Albert P. Bisbee, 

David P. Bisbee, 

Volney Bisbee, 2d, died in hospital in Wash- 
ington Feb. 15, 1863, 

Joseph Burnell, 

Eli Cole, 

Elliott Chase, 

Lewis F. Dudley, 

Charles W. Danley, 

George T. Dresser, 

Henry Dustin, 



,p- 


D 16th 


3ys. 


p. 


D 16th 


3 ys. 


p. 


D 16th 


3ys. 


p. 


D 16th 


3ys. 


Serg. 


D 16th 


3ys. 


P. 


F 17th 


3ys. 


P. 


F 17th 


3ys. 


P. 


K 17th 


3ys. 


P. 


K 17th 


3ys. 


P. 


K 23d 


9 mos. 


Corp. 


K 23d 


9 mos. 


P. 


K 23d 


9 mos. 


P. 


K 23d 


9 mos. 


Serg. 


K 23d 


9 mos. 


P. 


K 23d 


9 mos. 


P. 


K 23d 


9 mos. 


P. 


K 23d 


9 mos. 


Serg. 


K 23d 


9 mos. 


Mus. 


K 23d 


9 mos. 


P. 


K 23d 


9 mos. 


P. 


K 23d 


9 mos. 



206 



HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 



Names. 



Kank. Co. Reg. 



John L. M. Davenport, P. K 23d 

Oris E. Haskell, P. K 23d 

William Haines, Wag. K 23d 

Charles B. Harlow, P. K 23d 

Edwin J. Jordan, Corp. K 23d 

James Libby, P. K 23d 

Sewall P. Millett, P. K 23d 

Alfred D. Proctor, P. K 23d 

Aaron Page, ** P. K 23d 

Paris Page, P. K 23d 

Wesley A. Stevens, P. K 23d 

Ora Seavey, P. K 23d 

George W. Wood, P. K 23d 

Andrew J. Woodward, deserted 1862, P. K 23d 

Alvin T. Whittier, P. K 23d 

Charles L. Houghton, Serg. K 23d 

Lewis P. Stone, O. S. K 23d 

George A. Haskell, died of disease June 17, 

1864, at New Orleans, P. G 29th 3 ys. 

George E. Hinman, transferred to Veteran 

Eeserve Corps, P. G 29th 3 ys. 

Charles W. Danley, starved to death Jan. 4, 

1864, at Danville, Va. P. B 32d 3 ys. 

Zenas Bisbee, died at Waterford July 9, 1868, 

of disease (Mass. Eegiment), P. G 43d 3 ys. 



Length 

of 
Service. 

9 mos. 
9 mos. 
9 mos. 
9 mos. 
9 mos. 
9 mos. 
9 mos. 
9 mos. 
9 mos. 
9 mos. 
9 mos. 
9 mos. 
9 mos. 
9 mos. 
9 mos. 
9 mos. 
9 mos. 



ARTILLERY. 

Samuel E. Cromwell, captured June 22, 1864, 

died in confederate prison Jan. 7, 1865, Art'r M 



James A. Coffin, died March 5, 1864, 

Daniel Green, wounded at Spotsylvania, dis- 
charged April 18, 1865, 

Daniel W. Kilborne, mortally wounded at 
Spotsylvania June, 1864, 

William W. Kilborne, wounded at Spotsylva- 
nia June, 1864, 

Edwin Chaplin, mortally wounded at Spot- 
sylvania June, 1864, 



P. E 



1st 
1st 



3ys. 
8ys. 



P. L 1st 3ys. 

P. L 1st 3ys. 

P. L 1st 3ys. 

P. L Ist 3ys. 



F 


1st 


3ys. 


M 


2d 


3ys. 


M 


2d 


3ys. 




nth U. S. I, 






3ys. 






ly. 



TOWN DEBT, 1861—1865. 207 

Length 
Names. Rank. Co. Reg. of 

Service. 

CAVALRY. 

George H. Butters, P. E 1st 3 ys. 

Melzer W. Chadbourne, P. M let 3 ys. 

Lewis S. Merrill, killed in battle, Corp. F 1st 3 ys. 

Dennis H. Merrill, died in Salisbury prison 

Dec. 29, 1864, P. 

Daniel Kay, died at ITew Orleans of disease, 

1864, P. 

Lafayette Seavey, P. 

George A. Annis, killed at Gettysburg July 

3, 1863, P. 

NAVY. 
Levi L. Brown, 
Josiah Weeks, 

The following is a list of the bounties voted and 

expenses incurred in enlisting men during the war. 

1862. Amount voted 16th Maine Regiment, $ 800.00 

1862. Amount voted nine months' men, 3,000.00 

1864. Amount voted to twenty-three men who went 

into service January, 1864, with $90 extra, 7,565.00 

1864. Aug. 30th, town voted .$100 for each year's service 
to any who would enlist; two men enlisted, 
one for a year the other for two. The amount 
of both bounties together with cost of enlisting 
was, 325.00 

1864. Oct. 10th, town voted to pay drafted men who 

went or furnished substitutes $300 each ; thir- 
teen went or furnished substitutes, 3,900.00 

1865. Jan. 2d, town voted to raise $5,000.00 to fill its 

quota under call December, 1864, 5,000.00 

1865. Feb. 13th, town voted an additional sum, 2,200.00 

$22,790.00 
1863—1864, $4,000 was assessed. 

Debt Feb. 13, 1865, $18,790.00 



208 



HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 



There is still $3,600 of this debt unpaid. The 
highest rate of taxation since the war has been 
three and one-half per cent. 

The following is a list of town officials, the guber- 
natorial and presidential votes, and the representa- 
tives of Waterford since 1820.^ 



M. 
T. C, 

S. M, 



T. 
C. 

Gov. 



1821. 
Solomon Stone. 
Eber Rice. 
Solomon Stone. 
Peter Gerry. 
Eber Eice. 
Jonathan Plummer. 
William Willard. 
Albion K. Parris, D. 64. 
Ezekiel Whitman, F. 60. 



1822. 
M. Daniel Green. 
T. C. Daniel Brown. 
S. M. Peter Gerry. 
Daniel Green. 



America Hamlin. 
T. Charles Whitman. 
C. Levi Brown. 
Gov. Albion K. Parris, D. 72. 

Ezekiel Whitman, F. 51. 

1823. 
M. Daniel Green. 
T. C. Daniel Brown. 
S. M. Peter Gerry. 

Daniel Green. 

Jonathan Plummer. 
T. Samuel Plummer. 
C. Levi Brown. 
Gov. Albion K. Parris, D. 60. 



iln this list of officials and votes the following abbreviations are 
used: M., Moderator; T. C, Town Clerk; S. M., Selectmen; T., 
Treasurer; C, Collector; D., Democrat; R., Repviblican; W., Whig; 
N. R., National Republican ; D. R., Democratic Republican ; L., Liberty ; 
F. S., Free Soil; M. L., Maine Law; K. N., Know Nothing. It should 
be borne in mind that until 1833 the democratic party were generally 
called republican ; I have used in this book the word democrat in- 
stead. The list of town officials, gubernatorial and presidential votes, 
and list of representatives, previous to 1821, can be found on pages 
136, 137, 138, 139, and 140. 



TOWN OFFICEKS, ETC. 



209 





1824. 




1828. 




M. 


William Muuroe. 


M. 


Dr. Leamler Gage. 




T. C. 


Daniel Brown. 


T. C. 


Charles Whitman. 




S. M. 


Peter Gerry. 
Daniel Green. 
Jonathan Plummer. 


S. M. 


Charles Whitman. 
Lewis Jewell. 
Daniel Chaplin. 




T. 


Samuel Plummer. 


T. 


Samuel Plummer. 




C. 


William Morse. 


C. 


Henry Houghton. 




Gov. 


Albion K. Parris, D. 82. 


Gov. 


Enoch Lincoln, D. 60. 






Scattering, 2. 


Pres. 


(Levi Hubbard, 151. 




Prea. 


(Thomas Phillebrown, 45. 


Elec. 


(Dr. Cornelius Holland, 


42. 


Elec. 


(James Campbell, 45. 




1829. 






1825. 


M. 


Dr. Leander Gage. 




M. 


William Munroe. 


T. C. 


Charles Whitman. 




T. C. 


Daniel Brown. 


S. M. 


Charles Whitman. 




S. M. 


Nathaniel Howe. 
William Munroe. 




Lewis Jewell. 
Daniel Chaplin. 






Jonathan Plummer. 


T. 


Samuel Plummer. 




T. 


Samuel Plummer. 


C. 


Henry Houghton. 




C. 


Oliver Hale, jr. 


Gov. 


Jona. G. Hunton, N". R. 


108. 


Gov. 


Albion K. Parris, D. 108. 
Scattering, 4. 




Sam'l E. Smith, D. E. 
1830. 


55. 




1826. 


M. 


Dr. Leander Gage. 




M. 


Daniel Green. 


T. C. 


Charles Whitman. 




T. C. 


Charles Whitman. 


S. M. 


, Peter Gerry. 




S. M. 


, Jonathan Plummer. 
Peter Gerry. 




Leander Gage. 
Daniel Brown. 






Josiah Farrar. 


T. 


Samuel Plummer. 




T. 


Samuel Plummer. 


C. 


Daniel Chaplin, jr. 




C. 


Henry Houghton. 


Gov. 


Jona. G. Hunton, N. R. 144. 


Gov. 


Enoch Lincoln, F. 69. 

1827. 




Sam'l E. Smith, D. K. 
1831. 


95. 


M. 


Theodore Stone. 


M. 


Dr. Leander Gage. 




T. C. 


, Charles Whitman. 


T. C. 


. Charles Whitman. 




S. M, 


, Jonathan Plummer. 
Peter Gerry. 
Charles Whitman. 


S. M, 


. Peter Gerry. 
Daniel Brown. 
Lewis Jewell. 




T. 


Samuel Plummer. 


T. 


Samuel Plummer. 




C. 


Henry Houghton. 


C. 


Sprout Hapgood. 




Gov. 


Enoch Lincoln, D. 116. 


Gov. 


Dan'l Goodenow, N. E. 108. 




Scattering, 5. 




Sam'l E. Smith, D. R. 


102. 



210 



HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 



1832. 
M. Theodore Stone. 
T. C. Charles Whitman. 
S. M. Peter Gerry. 

Daniel Brown. 

Lewis Jewell. 
T. Samuel Plummer. 
C. Sprout Hapgood. 
Gov. Dan'l Goodenow, N.E.127. 

Sam'l E. Smith, D.Il.106. 
Pres.rLevi Hubbard, 113. 
Elec. ( Isaac Lane, 103. 

1833. 
M. Lewis W. Houghton,M.D. 
T. C. Levi Brown. 
S. M. Lewis Jewell. 

John Sanderson. 

Jonathan Hougton. 
T. Josiah Atherton. 
C. Aaron Sanders. 
Gov. Daniel Goodenow, W.IOO. 

Kobert P. Dunlap, D.89. 

1834. 
M. Lewis W. Houghton, m.d. 
T. C. Levi Brown. 
S. M. Lewis Jewell. 

Jonathan Longley. 

Henry Sawin. 
T. Josiah Atherton. 
C. Moses Young. 
Gov. Peleg Sprague, W. 128. 

Eobert P. Dunlap, D. 118. 

1835. 
M. Lewis W. Houghton, m.d. 
T. C. Levi Brown. 
S. M. Peter Gerry. 

Nathaniel Pride. 

Jonathan Houghton. 



T. Josiah Atherton. 
C. Josiah Atherton. 
Gov. Eobert P. Dunlap, W. 
William King, D. 

1836. 
M. Daniel Brown. 
T. C. Levi Brown. 
S. M. Josiah Atherton. 

Nathaniel Pride. 

Daniel Chaplin. 
T. Josiah Atherton. 
C. Thomas Treadwell. 
Gov. Eobert P. Dunlap, D. 96. 

Edward Kent, W. 86. 
Pres. f Joseph Tobin, 75. 
Elec. I Ellis B. Usher, 62. 

1837. 
M. Sprout Hapgood. 
T. C. Lewis W. Houghton, m.d- 
S. M. Lewis Jewell. 

Levi Brown. 

Sprout Hapgood. 
T. Daniel Brown. 
C. Thomas Treadwell. 
Gov. Edward Kent, W. 112. 

Gorham Parks, D. 95. 

1838. 
M. Sprout Hapgood. 
T. C. Lewis W. Houghton, M.D. 
S. M. Lewis Jewell. 

Levi Brown. 

Sprout Hapgood. 
T. Daniel Brown. 
C. Eowland H. Gerry. 
Gov. Edward Kent, W. 147. 

John Fairfield, D. 144. 



TOWN OFFICERS, ETC. 



211 



1839. 
M. Sprout Hapgood. 
T. C. Lewis W. Houghton,M.D. 
S, M. Levi Brown. 

Sprout Hapgood. 

Luther Bisbee. 
T. Daniel Brown. 
C. Moses Young, 
Gov. John Fairfield, D. 128. 

Edward Kent, W. 127. 

1840. 
M. Sprout Hapgood. 
T. C. Lewis W. Houghton,M.D. 
S. M. Levi Brown. 

John C. Gerry. 

Eli Longley. 
T. Daniel Brown. 
C. Moses Young. 
Gov. Edward Kent, W. 156. 

John Eairfield, D. 124. 
Pres. (Isaac Hsley, 160. 
E lee. (Jonathan P. Eodgers,134. 

1841. 
M. Sprout Hapgood. 
T. C. Lewis W. Houghton,M.D. 
S. M. Sprout Hapgood. 

Josiah Munroe. 

Jonathan Houghton. 
T. Daniel Brown. 
C. Lewis M. Perry. 

1842. 
M. John C. Gerry. 
T. C. Elbridge Gerry. 
S. M. Sprout Hapgood. 

Josiah Munroe. 

Jonathan Houghton. 
T. Daniel Brown. 



C. Thomas Perry. 

Gov. John Fairfield, D. 123. 

Edward Robinson, W. 36. 

James Appleton, L. 42. 

1843. 
M. Sprout Hapgood. 
T. C. John C. Gerry. 
S. M. Samuel Plummet. 

Samuel Dudley. 

Edward R. Morse. 
T. Daniel Brown. 
C. Augustus G. Wilkins. 
Gov. Hugh J. Anderson, D. 101. 

Edward Robinson, W. 48. 

James Appleton, L. 48. 

1844. 
M. Sprout Hapgood. 
T. C. John C. Gerry. 
S. M. Josiah Munroe. 

Samuel Dudley. 

Thomas Perry. 
T. Sprout Hapgood. 
C. Chaplin Nelson. 
Gov. Hugh J. Anderson, D. 141. 

Edward Robinson, W. 78. 

James Appleton, L. 41. 

1845. 
M. Sprout Hapgood. 
T. C. John C. Gerry. 
S. M. Levi Brown. 

Samuel Plummer. 

Joseph Shaw. 
T. Daniel Brown. 
C. Charles A. Ford. 
Gov. Hugh J. Anderson, D. 99. 

Freeman H. Morse, W. 48. 

Samuel Fessenden, L. 40. 



212 



HISTORICAL ADDEESS. 





1846. 


S. M 


. Josiah Munroe. 


M. 


Sprout Hapgood. 




Daniel Chaplin. 


T. C 


. John C. Gerry. 




Daniel Plummer. 


S. M 


. Joseph Shaw. 


T. 


Edward Carleton. 




John Sanderson. 


C. 


John Holt. 




David Bisbee. 


Gov. 


John Hubbard, D. 117. 


T. 


Edward Carleton. 




George F. Talbot, "W. 60. 


C. 


Charles A. Ford. 






Gov. 


John W. Dana, D. 102. 








David Beounson, "W. 50. 




1850. 




Samuel Fessenden, L,70. 


M. 


Joseph Shaw. 




1847. 


T. C 


. Edward Carleton. 


M. 


Elbridge Gerry. 


S. M. 


, Lewis W. Houghton, m.d. 


T. C. 


John C. Gerry. 




Joseph Shaw. 


S. M, 


J 

, Daniel Chaplin. 




Thomas Sawin. 




Thomas Sawin. 


T. 


John C. Gerry. 




Thomas Swan. 


C. 


John Holt. 


T. 


Edward Carleton. 


Gov. 


John Hubbard, D. 113. 


C. 


John Holt. 




William G. Crosby, TV. 53. 


Gov. 


J. W. Dana, D. 91. 
David Beounson, W. 34. 




George F. Talbot, F. S. 47, 




Samuel Fessenden, L. 58. 




1851. 


M. 


1848. 
Oneil W. Eobinson. 


M. 
T. C. 


Joseph Shaw. 
Edward Carleton. 


T. C. 


J. C. Gerry. 


S.M. 


Joseph Shaw. 


S. M. 


Josiah Munroe. 




Thomas Sawin. 




Daniel Chaplin. 




Daniel Plummer. 




Daniel Plummer. 


T. 


Daniel Brown. 


T. 


Edward Carleton. 


C. 


Charles A. Ford. 


C. 


John Holt. 






Gov. 


J. W. Dana, D. 132. 








Elijah Hamlin, W. 61. 




1852. 


Pres. 


Samuel Fessenden, L.62. 
[Joseph Adams, 64. 


M. 
T. C. 


Elbridge Gerry. 
John C. Gerry. 
Joseph Shaw. 
Thomas Sawin. 


Elec. 


- Kufus Mclntire, 117. 
Charles S. Davis, 38. 


S.M. 




1849. 




M. Sanderson. 


M. 


Joseph Shaw. 


T. 


Oneil "W. Robinson. 


T. C. 


John C. Gerry. 


C. 


Charles A. Ford. 



TOWN OFFICERS, ETC. 



213 



1853. 
M. Joseph Shaw. 
T. C. JohnC. Gerry., 
S. M. Joseph Shaw. 

Samnel Plummer. 

Amos Saunders. 
T. Josiah Munroe. 
C. Stephen Lovejoy. 
Gov. Albert Pillsbury, D. 129. 

William G. Crosby,W. 56. 

Anson P. Morrill, M.L. 20. 

Ezekiel Holmes, Y. S. 48. 

1854. 
M. M. B. Bartlett, Esq. 
T. C. Josiah Munroe. 
S. M. Josiah Munroe. 

David Bisbee. 

Stephen Lovejoy. 
T. Oneil W. Robinson. 
C. Moses Young. 
Gov. Albion K. Parris,D. 149. 

Anson P. Morrill, M. L. 
and K. N. 110. 

Isaac Eeed, W. 14. 

1855. 
M. Josiah Munroe. 
T. C. Edward Carleton. 
S. M. David Bisbee. 

Samuel Plummer. 

Charles Baker. 
T. Daniel Plummer. 
C. Stephen Lovejoy. 
Gov. Samuel Wells, D. 179. 

A. P. Morrill, E, 123. 

Isaac Reed, W. 6. 

1856. 
M. John C. Gerry. 
T. C. Josiah Munroe. 



S. M. David Bisbee. 

Samuel Plummer. 

John B. Sanderson. 
T. Daniel Brown. 
C. Stephen Lovejoy. 
Gov. Hannibal Hamlin, R. 162. 

Samuel Wells, D. 150. 

Noah Smith, jr., 162. 
Pres. (William P. Haynes, 150. 
Elec. ( Scattering, 8. 

1857. 
M. John C. Gerry. 
T. C. S. L. Weston. 
S. M. Josiah Munroe. 

Samuel Plummer. 

Thomas Sawin. 
T. Daniel Brown. 
C. Stephen Lovejoy. 
Gov. M. H. Smith, D. 163. 

Lot M. Morrill, R. 158. 

1858. 
M. Joseph Shaw. 
T. C. S. L. Weston. 
S. M. Daniel Plummer. 

Samuel Warren. 

Eliakim Maxfield. 
T. Emerson Wilkins. 
C. Stephen Lovejoy. 
Gov. Lot M. Morrill, R. 170. 

M. H. Smith, D. 166. 

1859. 
M. Joseph Shaw. 
T. C. S. L. Weston. 
S. M. Daniel Plummer. 

Joseph Shaw. 

John A. Green. 
T. Emerson Wilkins. 
C. Stephen Lovejoy. 
Gov. M. H. Smith, D. 159. 

Lot M. Morrill, R. 159. 



214 



HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 



1860. 
M. Joseph Shaw. 
T. C. D. W. Nohle. 
S. M. Samuel Plummer. 

John B. Kand. 

Marshal Sanderson. 
T. Oneil W. Eobinson. 
C. James W. Fogg. 
Gov. E. K Smart, D. 183. 

I. Washburn, jr., E. 177. 
Pres. (William Willis, R. 155. 
Elec. j William P. Haines,D. 140, 

1861. 
M. John C. Gerry. 
T. C. D. W. Koble. 
S. M. Samuel Plummer. 

John B. Rand. 

Marshal Sanderson. 
T. D. W. Noble. 
C. James W. Fogg. 
Gov. I. Washburn, jr., R. 141. 

John W. Dana, D. 115. 

C. D. Jameson, W.D. 67. 

1862. 
M. John C. Gerry. 
T. C. Charles Young. 
S. M. John B. Rand. 

John B. Sanderson. 

Marshal Sanderson. 
T. Daniel Brown, 2d. 
C. John Holt. 
Gov. Bion Bradbury, D. 156. 

Abner Coburn, R. 135. 

1863. 
M. John C. Gerry. 
T. C. D. W. Noble. 
S. M. John B. Rand. 

David Bisbee. 

Samuel Plummer. 



T. Daniel Brown. 
C. John Holt. 
Gov. Bion Bradbury, D. 169. 
Samuel Cony, R. 157. 





1864. 


M. 


John C. Gerry. 


T. C. 


D. W. Noble. 


S. M. 


John B. Rand. 




David Bisbee. 




Samuel Plummer. 


T. 


Daniel Brown. 


C. 


David T. Hapgood. 


Gov. 


Joseph Howard, D. 172. 




Samuel Cony, R. 136. 


Pres. 


(W. P. Haynes, D. 169. 
|j. B. Brown, R. 129. 


Elec. 




1865. 


M. 


John C. Gerry. 


T. C. 


D. W. Noble. 


S.M. 


John B. Pond. 




Daniel Bisbee. 




Samuel Plummer. 


T. 


Daniel Brown. 


C. 


David T. Hapgood. 


Gov. 


Joseph Howard, D. 158. 



Samuel Cony, R. 124. 

1866. 
M. John C. Gerry. 
T. C. Daniel W. Noble. 
S. M. John B. Rand. 

Josiah Munroe. 

Alfred S. Kimball. 
T. Daniel Brown. 
C. Samuel S. Hersey. 
Gov. Eben F. Pillsbury, D. 159. 

J. L. Chamberlain, R. 142. 



TOWN OFFICERS, ETC. 



215 





1867. 




T. 


M. 


John C. Gerry. 




C. 


T. C. 


Daniel W. Noble. 




Gov. 


S. M. 


John B. Kand. 
Alfred S. Kimball. 
Charles Young. 






T. 


Daniel Brown. 




M. 


C. 


Sanders Kimball. 




T. C. 


Gov. 


Eben F. Pillsbury,D. 


160. 


S. M. 




J. L. Chamberlain,R. 


123. 






1868. 




T. 
C. 


M. 


John C. Gerry. 




T. C. 


Charles L. Wilson. 




S. M. 


John B. Rand. 

Alfred S. Kimball. 
Charles Young. 




Gov. 


T. 


Daniel Brown. 






C. 


John F. Shedd. 




M. 


Gov. 


Eben F. Pillsbury,D. 


194. 


T. C. 




J. L. Chamberlain,R. 


137 


, S. M. 


Pres. 


( Philip Eastman, 68. 






Elec. 


( George L. Beal, 128. 




T. 
C. 




1869. 




M. 


John C. Gerry. 




Gov. 


T. C. 


, Charles L. Wilson. 






S. M, 


, Alfred S. Kimball. 




Pres. 




Charles Young. 




Elec. 




John F. Shedd. 






T. 


Daniel Brown. 






C. 


Samuel S. Hersey. 




M. 


Gov. 


Franklin Smith, D. 161. 


T. C. 




J. L. Chamberlain, R 


. loe 


'■ S. M, 




Nathan G. Hichborn 


,3. 






1870. 






M. 


John C. Gerry. 




T. 


T. C 


. Charles L, Wilson. 




c. 


S. M 


;. Charles Young. 
George Knight. 
Waldo T. Brown. 




Gov. 



Daniel Brown. 
Samuel S. Hersey. 
Chas. W. Roberts, D. 172. 
Sidney Perham, R. 112. 

1871. 
John C. Gerry. 
Charles L. Wilson. 
John C. Gerry. 
Waldo T. Brown. 
Thomas H. Sawin. 
Daniel Brown. 
David F. Hapgood. 
Charles P. Kimball, D. 177. 
Sidney Perham, R. 108. 

1872. 
Alfred S. Kimball. 
Charles L. Wilson. 
Waldo T. Brown. 
Benjamin Tucker, jr. 
Daniel S. Hapgood. 
Alfred S. Kimball. 
William Douglass. 
Charles P. Kimball, D. 202, 
Sidney Perham, R. 108. 
( William H. Simpson, 105, 
I Samuel S. Spring, 100. 

1873. 
Alfred S. Kimball. 
Charles L. Wilson. 
, Benjamin Tucker, jr. 
Henry A. Jewett. 
Justine Mclntire. 
Alfred S. Kimball. 
William Douglass. 
Joseph Titcomb, D. 179. 
Joseph WilUams, I. 4. 
Nelson Dingley, jr., R. 103. 



216 



HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 





1874. 




1875. 


M. 


Alfred S. Kimball. 


M. 


Alfred S. Kimball. 


T. C. 


Charles L. Wilson. 


T. C. 


Charles L. Wilson. 


S. M. 


Benjamin Tucker, jr. 


S.M. 


John B. Band. 




Samuel Warren. 




Daniel Brown. 




Justine E. Mclntire. 




John E. Swan. 


T. 


Alfred S. Kimball. 


T. 


Alfred S. Kimball. 


C. 


William Douglass. 


C. 


William Douglass. 


Gov. 


Joseph Titcomb, D. 150. 


Gov. 


Charles W. Boberts, D. 197. 




Nelson Dingley, jr., R.99 




Selden Connor, B. 



The following is a list of the men who have rep- 
resented Waterford, and the towns with which it is 
classed, in the Maine Legislature. 



1820. 


Josiah Shaw, 


D. B. 




Waterford. 


1821. 


Josiah Shaw, 


D. R. 




Waterford. 


1822. 


Josiah Shaw, 


D. R. 




Waterford. 


1823. 


Philip C. Johnson, 


D.N. 


R. 


Lovell. 


1824. 


Daniel Brown, 


N. R. 




Waterford. 


1825. 


Benjamin Webber, 


F. N. 


R. 


Sweden. 


1826. 


Eleazer Hamlin, 


F.N. 


R. 


Waterford. 


1827. 


Stephen Heald, 


F.N. 


R. 


Lovell. 


1828. 


Eleazer Hamlin, 


F. N. 


R. 


Waterford. 


1829. 


Benjamin Wyman, 


W. R 




Lovell. 


1830. 


Samuel Nevers, 


D. R. 




Sweden. 


1831. 


Aaron Cummings, 


D. R. 




Albany. 


1832. 


Peter Gerry, 


D. 




Waterford. 


1833. 


Samuel Kevers, 


D. 




Sweden. 


1834. 


Sprout Hapgood, 


D. 




Waterford. 


1835. 


Moses Pattee, 


D. 




Albany. 


183G. 


Peter Gerry, 


D. 




Waterford. 


1837. 


Samuel Nevers, 


D. 




Sweden. 


1838. 


Daniel ChapUn, 


W. 




Waterford. 


1839. 


Moses Pattee, 


D. 




Albany. 


1840. 


Peter Gerry, 


D. 




Waterford. 


1841. 


Franklin Hosmer, 


D. 




Sweden. 



REPRESENTATIVES. 



217 



1842. Sprout Hapgood, 

1843. No representation. 

1844. Josiah Monroe, 

1845. Elbridge Gerry, 

1846. John Hill, 

1847. Sewall Frye, 

1848. William Pingree, 

1849. Thomas Trull, 

1850. Jonathan Houghton, 

1851. John C. Gerry, 

1852. Charles A. Ford, 

1853. Charles A. Ford, 

1854. Samuel Brown, 

1855. Charles C. Sanderson, 

1856. Joel S. Sawyer, 

1857. Josiah S. Hobbs, 

1858. Josiah S. Hobbs, 

1859. George H. Brown, 

1860. Enoch W. Woodbury, 

1861. Jacob N. Lovejoy, 

1862. Samuel Warren, 

1863. Sumner Evans, 

1864. George Burnham, 

1865. Merrick Monroe, 

1866. P. Parker Dresser, 

1867. Lewis Frost, 

1868. John B. Rand, 

1869. Andrew M. Peables, 

1870. Samuel L. Gould, 

1871. Joseph Knight, 

1872. Hilton McAUister, 

1873. John Heselton, 

1874. Alfred S. Kimball, 

1875. William H. Whitcomb, 



D. 


Waterford. 


D. 


Waterford. 


D. 


Waterford. 


D. 


Sweden. 


D. 


Denmark. 


D. 


Denmark. 


D. 


Sweden. 


D. 


Waterford. 


D. 


Waterford. 


D. 


Waterford. 


D. 


Waterford. 


D. 


Albany. 


D. 


Sweden. 


D. 


Stoneham. 


R. 


Waterford. 


R. 


Waterford. 


R. 


Mason. 


R. 


Sweden. 


R. 


Albany. 


R. 


Waterford. 


R. 


Stoneham., 


R. 


Gilead. 


R. 


Waterford. 


R. 


Albany. 


R. 


Sweden. 


D. 


Waterford. 


D. 


Waterford. 


R. 


Albany. 


R. 


Sweden. 


R. 


Stoneham, 


R. 


Albany. 


D. 


VVaterford.. 


D. 


^Norway. 



15 



218 



HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 



An examination of this record shows that the 
town was overwhelmingly federalist until the sepa- 
ration from Massachusetts. The agitation of that 
question changed party relations everywhere in the 
State, and noticeably in Waterford. From 1820 to 
1875, inclusive, the democratic candidate for gov- 
ernor has received a majority of votes cast forty 
times, all others, sixteen times. Since 1861 the 
democratic gubernatorial vote has always been a 
majority. 



The growth of Maine, Oxford county, and \Yater- 
ford is shown by the following tables. 



York 

Cumberland . . 

Lincoln 

Waldo 

Hancock 

Washington. . 

Kennebec 

Oxford 

Somerset 

Penobscot 

Franklin 

Piscataquis. .. 
Aroostook. . . . 
Androscoggin 

Sagadahoc 

Knox 



183U 



51,710 
60,102 
37,654 
29,788 
22,-553 
21,2y4 
38,929 
27,538 
35.787 
22,963 
15,938 
8,499 
3,369 
19,851 
14,943 



1840 



54,023 
68,658 
41,423 
41,509 
28,646 
28,327 
51,384 
32,115 
33,912 
46,049 
20,800 
13,138 
9,413 
22,532 
17,619 



1850 



(50,098 
79,538 
27,002 
47,230 
34,372 
38,811 
57,908 
35,463 
35,.581 
63,089 
20,027 
14,735 
12,.529 
25,748 
21,669 
28,355 



1410,934 509,548 602,155 628,285 628,828 



1860 



62,107 
75,591 
27,860 
38,447 
37,757 
42,534 
55,655 
36,698 
36,753 
72,737 
20,403 
15,032 
22,479 
29,726 
21,790 
32,716 



1870 



60,174 
82,021 
25,597 
34,522 
36,495 
43,343 
53,223 
33,488 
34,611 
74,643 
18,807 
14,803 
29,609 
35.866 
18,803 
30,823 



1 These statistics are for the most part taken from the Maine State 
Register. 



GROWTH OF MAINE. 



219 



Albany.... 

Andover . . , 

Bethel 

Brownfleld, 
Buckfield.. 

Byron 

Canton 

Denmark . . 
Dixfield..., 
Fryebur^.. 

Gilead 

Grafton 

Gi-eenwood 
Hanover . . 
Hartford . . . 
Hebron . . . , 
Hiram . . . . , 

Lovell 

Mason 

Mexico 

Newry . . . . , 

Norway 

Oxford 

Paris 

Peru 

Porter 

Roxbury.. . 
Rumford . . . 
Stoneham.. 

Stow 

Sumner . . . 

Sweden 

Upton 

Waterford. - 
Woodstock 
Milton 



1830 


1840 


1850 


1860 


387 


691 


747 


853 


399 


551 


710 


814 


1620 


1300 


2253 


2523 


936 


1360 


1320 


1398 


1510 


1629 


1659 


1705 




219 


296 


323 


759 


919 


926 


1025 


954 


1143 


1203 


1171 


890 


1169 


1180 


1181 


1353 


1536 


1523 


1625 


377 


313 


359 


347 


71 


59 


168 


111 


694 


836 


1118 


878 




.... 


257 


257 


1297 


1472 


1293 


1155 


915 


945 


839 


895 


1026 


1233 


1210 


1283 


698 


941 


1193 


1339 




.... 


93 


136 


344 


447 


482 


671 


345 


463 


450 


474 


1712 


1786 


1963 


1982 


1101 


1254 


1233 


1281 


2307 


2454 


2882 


2828 


666 


1002 


1109 


1121 


841 


1133 


1208 


1240 


122 


227 


246 


251 


1120 


1444 


1375 


1375 


198 


313 


484 


463 


165 


376 


471 


551 


1099 


1269 


1151 


1154 


487 


670 


696 


728 


109 


111 




219 


1123 


1381 


1448 


1407 


573 


819 


1012 


1025 
271 



1870 



651 

757 

2286 

1324 

1494 

242 

984 

1070 

1049 

1508 

329 

94 

846 

188 

996 

743 

1393 

1018 

127 

458 

416 

1955 

1633 

2766 

932 

1105 

162 

1212 

425 

427 

1170 

549 

187 

1286 

995 

258 



The valuation and live stock in Waterford at the 
different decades from 1830 to 1870, .inclusive, are 
as follows : 





■ 
a 

o 

■s 




© . 

^2 


o2 




lis 

ea •- o 


© 

^2 


a . 
©^ 






a 










IT ® 


® ^ 








s 




-52 


•2 u 


a 




S2 




© 




^ 






Pj 
O >, 


O 




Ox 


.a 

CO 


1830 


$103,392 


145 


29 


35 


331 


616 


313 


310 




1840 


261,293 


149 


12 


11 


180 


594 


312 


318 


141 


1850 


281,217 


201 


26 


20 


412 


834 


418 


401 


2382 


1860 


351,189 


246 


50 


26 


338 


765 


375 


437 


1593 


1870 


403,651 


275 


17 


25 


268 


733 


320 


418 


1299 



220 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

These tables ^ show that our State has hardly held 
its own m population since 1850. This decade un- 
doubtedly marked high tide in our agricultural 
towns. We have seen that western Maine was set- 
tled for the most part between 1783 and 1810. The 
sons of the early settlers generally settled in the 
home towns. Brought up amid privations, trained 
to work, they made thrifty farmers. 

The men who settled Waterford were rare men, 
but those of the second generation — many of whom 
are still with us and held in deserved honor — were 
doubtless their superiors. I doubt if the history of 
either of the other states can furnish the equal of the 
men of this second generation, the first native born 
generation in Maine. ' The circumstances under 
which they were raised were exceptional. 

The growth of manufacturing towns, the enlarge- 
ment of trade, together with the war, called away 
very many of the sturdiest young men of the third 
generation. Waterford and all the agricultural towns 
of Maine keenly feel this loss. There is a brighter 
future for our hill towns. The equilibrium between 
manufacturing and agriculture, so rudely disturbed 
by the war^ is being restored. We are learning 
what has always been true, that for farmers of small 



1 Only those towns are enumerated which in 1875 were included in 
Oxford county. For population of counties and towns in 1790 and 
1800, see pages 66 and 68; in 1810 and 1820, see pages 134 and 135. 



CONCLUDING KEMARKS. 221 

capital Maine (Oxford county), all things considered, 
offers greater inducements than any southern or 
western State. We are more hopeful, and conse- 
quently more industrious. Let us thank God for the 
hard times, for they have saved the agricultural 
towns of Maine. 

I have sketched the institutions of Waterford 
rather than written its history. I have told you that 
Waterford was laid out seven miles square. What 
is that save a geographical fact ? That at a later 
time a meeting-house was built and a church was 
gathered. What are these but ecclesiastical facts ? 
That Waterford made a manly, if mistaken, protest 
against the embargo. What is that but a political 
fact ? The history of Waterford no man can write. 

Seven miles square! Turn it about! Did it 
mean more than fifty square miles ? Yes. It meant 
fifty square miles of virgin forests filled with growths 
of black pine and giant maples, threaded with 
brooks and flashing with ponds. It meant stony 
fields, now hedged by walls of rock which you 
and your fathers built ; where you learnt the hated 
yet necessary lesson that there is pleasure in duty 
done, however irksome that duty. It meant tangled 
swamps of giant trees, which man has conquered, 
and which have themselves lent to their conquerors, 
as conquered giants always do, their own mighty 



222 HISTORICAL ADDRESS. 

strength. It means these beautiful school-houses, 
the pride and ornament of your town. It means 
cheerful, happy homes and precious memories of 
those who are gone. Yonder cellar, a tangle of wild 
raspberry bushes, half hiding rough beams and 
huge, misshapen stones, marks the spot where once 
struggled the hopes, fears, loves, and fancies of child- 
hood. Disappointments, prides, ambitions, all were 
there. Be reverent ! Memory kindly mosses over 
the roughnesses of these pioneers, but sets in clear 
relief their kindliness, their indomitable courage. 

Yonder church, all these churches, were built, yes! 
were dedicated, yes ! Is that all ? Genius immor- 
talizes itself by putting upon canvas love and faith. 
Whole galleries of Murrillos and Raphaels are but 
attempted personations of these qualities. But 
within these humble church walls, these galleries of 
living souls, many an eye has beamed with love of 
a Saviour found, or been raised in a triumph of faith 
as almost it pierced the veil that hid the mysteries 
of God ! 

What was the protest against the embargo ? A 
hundred angry men venting their hate ? No ! It 
was a hundred indignant men putting into words of 
fire thoughts that burned ! It was the old revolu- 
tionary spirit, and it flashed out again fifty years 
later, when their indignant sons emphasized protest 
with bayonets. 



CONCLUDING EEMARKS. 223 

Ah ! friends, you cannot measure nor weigh nor 
grapple with a sunbeam, yet it is real. You cannot 
with a surveyor's chain mark the limit, or by rhet- 
oric measure the courage of industry, the heroism 
of christian struggle, the beauty of love and faith, 
the power of ambition, the glow of patriotism, 
yet they are real ; they go to make up character, 
and the real history of Waterford is the history of 
its noble characters. 

One thought more and I am done. The charac- 
ter of our fathers made the future of Waterford as 
it did its past. A nation and a town's past is its 
promise of a future. You cannot ascend without a 
point of departure, and the higher that point of de- 
parture the greater the heights you may hope to 
reach. God grant that a hundred years from to-day 
our children may be able, as do we, to look behind 
them for their bow of promise. 



RECORD OF FAMILIES. 



The following record covers the first half century of the 
town. In some instances it takes in families of the second 
and in a few cases those of the third generation. It includes 
those that came here or were formed here as such, before the 
first half century of the town closed. Families came to town 
during the first half century who did not remain long, and 
have left behind them no reliable trace of their history. The 
record of such of course we cannot give. 

It has been found difficult often to obtain names and dates, 
and in some cases we have wholly failed to find them. We 
have found discrepancies between the records preserved in 
families and those made by the town. We have done what 
we could to make these statistics of the first half century com- 
plete and accurate. 

Valuable aid in this woi»k of recording the families has been 
rendered by Thaddeus Brown, Esq., who has our thanks. 



RECORD OF FAMILIES. 



ALLEN. 

Robert Allen married Ann Perry. They moved ' to 
Waterford from Reading, Mass., in 1821, having six children. 
They lived half a mile west of the old meeting-house, on the 
northern slope of the mountain. 

Children : 
John, m. Hannah Holt. 

Elizabeth, m. 1st, Enoch Wilson; 2d, Benjamin Emerson. 
Perry. 
Anna. 

Robert L., m. 1st, Rebecca H. Horr; 2d, . 

Mary, m. Wm. Hinman. 

ATHERTON. 

John Atherton, born 1762 ; married Anna Shaw, born 
1776. He was a farmer, and lived half a mile east of the lower 
village. He was one of the first settlers in town, and a soldier 
in the revolutionary war four years. 

Children : 
Josiah, b. 1791; m. 1st, Betsey Carter; 2d, Mary Barker. 
John, b. 1793 ; m. Harriet Atherton. 
Ezra, b. 1795. 

Joseph, b. 1797 ; m. Susan Boston. 
Jonathan, b. 1799. 
Oliver, b. 1801; m. 1st, Mary Williard; 2d, MaryPhinney; 3d, Julia 

Atherton. 
Joel, b. 1803. 

Anna, b. 1807; m. Josiah Ellsworth. 
Mary, b. 1810. 



228 HISTORY OF WATERFORD. 

Colonel JoHX Atherton (2d gen.), who married Harriet 
Atherton, was son of John Atherton. He resided ou the old 
place. 

JosiAH Atherton (2d gen.), who married first Betsey 
Carter, second. Mart Barker, was the son of John ; re- 
sided in the lower village ; was a merchant and tanner. 

Children : 
Mary A. 
Maria F. 
Elizabeth W. 
Charles. 
George. 

Oliver Atherton (2d gen.), v/ho married first Mart Wil- 
LiARD, second. Mart Phinnet, third, Julia Atherton, suc- 
ceeded his brother. Col. John, upon the farm east of the City. 

Children : 
John, ra. Margaret Brown. 
Charles. 
Jane, m. Lewis Silla. 

Joel Atherton, born 1764, in 1791 married Nanct Crom- 
BiE. They moved from Rindge, N. H., in 1793, and resided 
on Temple hill. He was a soldier of the revolution. 

Children : 
William, b. 1791 ; killed by the fall of a tree. 
Crombie, b. 1793; m. Mary Wheeler. 
Nancy, b. 1795 ; m. Eber Stone. 
Harriet, b. 1797 ; m. Col. John Atherton. 
Betsy, b. 1799; m. William Monroe, ji-. 
Rebecca, b. 1801 ; m. Simon Stevens. 
Patty, b. 1804; m. Silas Hamlin. 
Mary, b. 1806 ; m. Luke Moore. 
Sally, b. 1809; m. Sumner Kimball. 
Julia, b. 1812 ; m. Oliver Atherton. 



RECORD OF FAMILIES. 229 

BAILEY. 

Richard Bailey married Emma Hilton. He came to Wa- 
terford from Westbrook, Me. ; resided in the lower village ; 
was a blacksmith of superior skill in edged tools and in the 
heavy and difficult work of the trade. 

Children : 
Emily, m. Thomas Churchill. 
Osgood, m. Sarah Greene. 

Richard, m. Kitson. 

Maria, m. Stephens. 



BAKER. 

Edwaed Baker, born in 1756, married first Hephzibah 
Fairbanks; second, Polly Fletcher ; third, Mrs. Stevens. 
Mr. Baker came from Berlin, Mass. ; was one of the early set- 
tlers ; was a farmer, and lived in the south-east corner of the 
town where J, N. Baker now resides. 

Children : 
Sally, b. 1779; m. Joseph Greene. 
Luke, b. 1781 ; m. Eleanor Hunnewell. 

Kesiah, b. 1784; m. Daggett. 

John, b. 1786; m. 1st, Nancy Shurtleflf; 2d, Martha Stevens. 
Edward, b. 1788; m. Mary Jordan. 

Hephzibah, b. 1791 ; m. Coolard. 

Persis, b. 1793. 

Betsey, b. 1796; m. Gale. 

Samuel, b. 1799 ; his fate unknown. 
Nancy, m. Artemus Woodsum. 
Abel, m. Clarissa Evans. 
The last two were children of the second marriage. 

Luke Baker (2d gen.), who married Eleanor Hunnewell 
was son of Edward Baker, and resided near him, in the vicinity 
of Harrison. 



230 HISTORY OF WATERFORD. 

Children : 
Cyrus, m. Julia A. Caswell. 
Luke. 

Asa, m. Rachel Lovejoy. 
Ellen, m. Charles Garner. 
Albert. 
Thomas, m. Maria Ross. 

John Baker (2d gen.), who married first Nancy Shurt- 
LEFF, second, Martha Stevens, was also son of Edward 
Baker, and succeeded him on the home place on Baker's hill, 
in the south-east part of the town. 

Children : 

Harriet F., b. 1817; m. Henry Upton. 

George, b. 1819 ; m. in Massachusetts. 

Charles, b. 1821. 

John N., ra. Jane M. Plummer. 

Elizabeth. 



BARKER. 

Daniel Barker married first Eunice Brown; second, 
Widow Barker. He came to town in 1783 from Stowe, 
Mass.; was a farmer, and lived in South Waterford, near 
Bridgton line ; was in the revolutionary war during the whole 
period. 

Children : 
Joseph, m. Huldah Stiles. 
Eunice, m. Abijah Brown. 
Lucinda, ra. Nathan Grover. 
Rufus, m. Nancy Kimball. 

Francis, m. Allen. 

William, m. Achsah Knox. 
Allen. 



RECORD OF FAMILIES. 



231 



Joseph Barker (2d gen,), who married Huldah Styles, 
was son of Daniel Barker, and resided on the old place ; a 
farmer. 

Children : 

Everline, b. 1803 ; m. a Mr. Winslow of Xew Gloucester. 

Azro, b. 1804. 

Almasa, b. 1806 ; m. Ephraim Hilton, 

Amaudar, b. 181U ; m. Jane Clark ; was a teacher and minister. 

Lorinda, b. 1812. 

Joseph, b. 1815. 

Eollin, b. 1818. 

Albert, b. 1820; m. 1st, Nancy Irish; 2d, Lucinda Dinsmore; is a 
lawyer and editor in Colebrook, X. H. 

James Barker, born 1777, married in 1799 Eunice Stone. 
He settled half a mile east of the Flat ; a farmer. 

Children: 
Sophronia, m. Samuel Brown. 
Caroline. 

Harriet, m. Cyrus Plummer. 
Julia, ra. Ezra Stone. 
Ralph. 

Eunice, m. Rufus Moore. 
William. 
Caroline. 

BILLINGS. 

Charles Billings, born 1790, married first, in 1812, Mary 
Stone ; second, in 1826, Elizabeth Gould, Mr. Billings 
came from Temple, Mass. ; was a farmer ; resided west of Mc- 
Wains pond, afterward in different places in town. 

Children : 
Julia A., m. Eben Plummer. 

Mary S., m. Blodget. 

Amanda. 

Marshall C, m. 1st, Christiana Bryant; 2d, Ellen Kingman. 

Henry S., m. Roxy Caswell. 

Peter J., m. 1st, Kimball; 2d, ■ : 

Leander S. 

Emily, m. Metell. 



232 HISTORY OF WATERFORD. 

Daniel Billings, born 1780, married Sarah Khiball, 
born 1786, He came from Temple, Mass.; was a joiner; lived 
first on Temple hill and then in the lower village. 

Children : 
Louisa, m. William Hamlin. 
Caroliue, m. G. F. Wheeler. 
George C, m. Rebecca Whitcorab. 
Maria, m. Calvin Houghton. 
James R., m. Esther Clark. 
John D., m. Esther Knowlton. 
Miranda. 

BISBEE. 

Moses Bisbee, born in 1766, married Ellen Buck. He 
moved to Waterford in 1817 from Sumner, Me., and resided in 
the neighborhood that now takes his name ; a farmer. 

Children : 
Polly, m. Roswell Adley. 
Moses, m. 1st, Hannah Swan ; 2d, Ellen Beatie. 

Robert D., m. Foster. 

Calvin. 

Jonathan T. 

Ellen C, m. Dennis Brackett. 

Jane, m. Eliakim Long. 

Elvira, m. Francis Hamlin. 

Luther Bisbee, born 1796, married Mary Wardwell. 
He came to Waterford from Sumner, Me., in the year 1820 ; 
was a farmer, and lived in the east part of the town in the 
Bisbee neighborhood. 

Children : 
Hiram. 
Maria. 
Addison. 

Cohimbia, m. Levi Millett. 
Caroline, m. Francis M. Sampson. 
Byron, m. Adeline Knight. 
Walter, ra. Martha Knight. 
Winslow. 



RECORD OF FAMILIES. 233 

VoLXET BisBEE, bom 1801, married Ruth Briggs. He 
came from Turner to Waterford in 1824, and settled in the 
Bisbee neighborhood. He now resides in the village at North 
Waterford. He has one son : Daniel Bisbee. 

BRIGHAM. 

Samuel Brigham (we have not the name of his wife) came 
from VVestborough, Mass., and settled in West Waterford; 
was a farmer. He left town, and no full record of him since 
has been obtained. 

Children : 

Lucy, b. 1786. 

Samuel, b. 1788; m. in Sweden. 

Polly, b. 1789. 

Liscum, b. 1791. 

George B., K .^qo 

Lucy, ) Lucy m. Amos Smith. 

Bryant, b. 1794. 

Levi, b. 1796. 

Nahum, b. 1798; m. in Boston. 

Antipas, b. 1800; m. in Massachusetts. 

Lincoln, b. 1801. 

Sophia, b. 1803. 

Thomas, b. 1805. 

Dexter, b. 1807. 

Luther Brigham married Rosomok Jones. He came from 
Stowe, Mass., and settled in the Gambo neighborhood; a 
farmer. 



Lydia, m. Rufus Priest. 

Mehitabel. 

Sophia, m. Abel Moore. 

Mary, m. Joseph Flint. 

Lewis, m. Swallow. 

Calvin, m. Ball. 

Maria, m. Nathan Hilton. 
16 



Children : 



234 HISTORY OF WATEEFORD. 

BROWN. 

Abu AH Brown married first Sally Barker; second, Lucy 
LoNGLEY. He came from Stowe, Mass., about the year 1790, 
and settled in the west part of the town ; a farmer. 

Children : 

Artemas, b. 1792; m. Turner. 

Eunice, b. 1794. 

Abraham C, b. 1796, 

Aram, b. 1798; m. Ruth Morse. 

Elvira, b. 1800; m. Ezra Haskell. 

Aram Brown (2d gen.), who married Ruth Morse, was 
son of Abijah Brown, and resided in the west part of the town ; 
a farmer. 

Children : 
John C. 
Mercy G. 

Ann W., m. 1st, George W. Stevens; 2d, Thomas Trull. 
Ruth J., m, Oliver Hale. 

Adonijah Brown married Miriam Carruth. He moved 
from Marlborough, Mass., about the year 1795 ; was a farmer ; 
lived in several places in town. 

Children : 
Mary. 

Charlotte, b. 1801; m. 1st. Nathaniel Pride; second, Mills; third, 

Ezra Haskell. 
Moses, b. 1803 ; m. Mehitabel Skillings. 
Lucy, b. 1806. 
Elmer, b. 1808. 

Asaph Brown, born 1761, married Hannah Shaw. 



RECORD OF FAMILIES. 235 

Children : 
Nabby, b. 1784 ; m. Heraan Brown. 
Kobbins, b. 1786; m. Hannab Lovejoy. 
Polly, b. 1787. 
Hannah, b. 1790. 
Josiab, b. 1792; m. Mehitabel Lovejoy. 

Caty, b. 1794 ; m. Ellingwood of Bethel. 

Asaph, b. 1797. 

Susanna, b. 1799 ; m. Stearns of Bethel. 

Nancy, b. 1801. 

Thaddeus Brown married Mary Pollard. He removed 
to Waterford from Harvard, Mass., in 1786; was one of the 
early settlers in town ; lived about a mile east of the Flat ; 
was a farmer and a dealer in lands and in timber. 

Children : 
Daniel, b. 1784 ; m. Ann Hamlin. 

Malbory, b. 1789; m. 1st, Nancy Scripture; 2d, Mrs. Betsey Dupee. 
Jabez, b. 1791 ; m. 1st, Sally Hamlin ; 2d, Eveline Hale. 
Susan, b. 1794; m. John Meserve. 
Levi, b. 1796; m. Caroline E. Farrar. 
Thaddeus, b. 1798; m. Asenath Nourse. 
Mary, b. 1800; m. Elijah Flint. 
Mercy, b. 1802 ; m. Samuel Merrill. 
Sarah, b. 1804; m. Cyprian Hobbs. 

Capt. Malbory Brovtn (2d gen.), who married first Naxcy 
Scripture, second, Mrs. Betsey Dupee, was son of Thad- 
deus Brown ; lived in South Waterford where Mr. Ellis now 
resides ; was a blacksmith and farmer. He excelled as a grace- 
ful military officer. 

Children : 
Mary Jane, b. 1819 ; m. Greorge Fuller. 
Nancy M., b. 1821; m. Calvin Hamlin. 

Elizabeth A, b. 1823; m. 1st, John C. Warren; 2d, Gideon Ellis. 
Levi L., b. 182.5; m. Almeda Bean. 
Harriet W. 
Calvin. 



236 HISTORY OF WATERFORD. 

Thaddeus Bkown (2d gen.), who married Asenath 
NouRSE, was son of Thaddeus Brown, and resides with his son 
Waldo on the jplace once owned by William Brown. 

Children : 
Theodore (Capt), m. Clara A. Bryant. 
Daniel, m. Mary B. Stone. 
Mercy, m. Scribner Chadbourne. 
John. 

Mary, m. Charles H. Hale. 
Waldo T., m. Margaret G. Plummer. 
Ellen M. 

Myra A., m. William H. Bailey. 
Nettie. 

Jabez Brown (2d gen.), who married Sally Hamlin, was 
son of Thaddfius Brown, sen. ; resided on the old place. He 
retained a remarkable recollection of the events of the town, 
which has been useful to the historian. 

Children : 
Europe H. 
Daniel W. 
Angeline. 
Fanny. 
Angeline. 
Mark. 

Maliala, m. John J. French, 
Angela, m. Emerson Wilkins. 
Caroline. 

Clara, m. Edward Jackson. 
Melinda. 
Caroline L., m. Elbridge Stone. 

William Brown married Betsey Wheeler. He came 
from Stow, Mass. ; lived in Gambo district ; a farmer ; after- 
ward moved to the Flat and kept hotel. 



RECORD OF FAMILIES. 237 

Children : 
Samuel, b, 1792; m. Sophronia Barker. 
Josiali, b. 1795 ; m, Phebe Sawiu. 
Calvin, b. 1797; m. Mrs. Lamson. 
John, b. 1801 ; m. Sophia Hamlin. 
Betsey, b. 1803 ; m. Capt. Nathaniel Rounds. C. C. Rounds, their 

son, is now principal of the Normal school at Farmington. 
Lucinda, b. 1806; m. George Kimball. 
William, b. 1809; m. Frances C. Allen; was chaplain in the late war. 

BRYANT. 

Richard Bryant, born 1766, married in 1789 Mary Whit- 
ney, born 1766. Mr. Bryant came from Harvard, Mass., and 
lived on the south side of Beach hill ; a farmer. 

Children : 
Sally, b. 1789; m. Joseph McAlister. 
Nancy, b. 1791 ; m. Jacob French. 
Polly, b. 1793 ; m. Joseph Saunderson. 
Betsey, b. 1795 ; m. Col. John Saunderson 
George, b. 1797 ; m. Nancy Chubb. 
Melinda, b. 1799; m. Dea. Henry Houghton. 
Eliza, b. 1802 ; m. Eben Plummer. 
Perez, b. 1804; m. Caroline Moore. 
John, b. 1808 ; m. Elizabeth Hapgood. 

BURNELL. 

Samuel Buknell, born in Gorham, Me., in 1782, married in 
Harrison, Me., January, 1808, Jane Richardson, born in 
Minot, Me., in 1793. 

Children, 
Born in Bridgton : 
John, b. December, 1808 ; m. Rose A. Beattie of Bethel. 
Samuel, b. October, 1810; m. Sarah Tukey of Raymond. 
William, b. December, 1812; m. Nancy Beattie of Bethel. 
Jane, b. June, 1816; m. Elihu Lynde of Stoneham, Mass. 



288 HISTORY OF WATERFORD. 

Born in Waterford : 
Jemima, b. April, 1819; m. Sanders Kimball of Waterford. 
Elias, b. January, 1821 ; m. Mary Rich of Buxton. 
Elijah, b. October, 1825; m. Lucind Preston of Topsham. 
Aaron, b. October, 1827; died, aged 14. 
Joseph, b. March, 1829; m. Deborah Richardson of Bluehill. 
Lydia, b. February, 1833 ; m. James Miles of Lowell, Mass. 
Edwin, b. November, 1836; m. Mary Maloy of Hartford, Conn. 

CARTER. 

John Carter married first Amelia Hamlin; second, Eu- 
nice Daggett. Mr. Carter came from Bridgton ; was long in 
trade in the lower village ; lived between the villages, west of 
the pond. 

Children : 

Emerson F., m. 1st, Sax'ah Kimball; 2d, Pamelia Kimball; was a 
teacher by profession ; now resides at Pittsfield, Mass. 

Henry, m. Elizabeth A. Caldwell ; is a lawyer ; edited the Portland 
Advertiser; now practises in Haverhill, Mass; resides in Brad- 
ford ; has been a member of the Massachusetts Senate, and is now 
a judge. 

John, m. ; does business in Boston. 

Catharine, m. John F. Hathaway. 

CUMMINGS. 

Dr. Stephen Cummings, born in Andover, Mass., 1772, 
married in 1795 Eleanor Hale of Temple, New Hampshire. 
He removed to Portland and became a physician of great dis- 
tinction. Died in Cape Elizabeth, 1854. 

Children : 

Nathan, b. in "Waterford, 1796 ; m. in 1824 Emily Ilsley of Portland. 
He was a merchant and at one time collector of customs in Port- 
land, and d. there, 1878. 

Sarah, b. in Waterford, 1798; m. in 1826 Charles Bradley of Boston; 
d. in Portland, 1875. 



RECORD OF FAMILIES. 239 

Sumner, b. in Waterford, 1800; unmarried; d. in Portland, 1848. 
Stephen, b. in Portland, 1803; m. Fanny Whitney of Norway; d. in 

Norway, 1863. 
John Moreland, b. in Portland, 1812; m. in 1849 Harriet Corser of 

Portland ; d. in Cape Elizabeth, 1878. 
Fitz Henry, b. in Portland, 1816; d. in Portland, 1837. 

CARLTON. 

Dea. Edward Caklton, born 1799, married in 1824 Ach- 
SAH Monroe. He came from Portland about the year 1823 ; 
lived on the Flat, afterward west of the pond ; was a cabinet 
maker, and for some time was postmaster. 

Children : 

Caroline, m. Greenwood. 

Maria. 

Emily. 

Elizabeth, m. William W. Greene, m.d. 

George. 

Ellen. 

Edward. 

Edward. 

Charles M,, m. Mary Greenwood. He was a physician and occulist 

in Norwich, Conn. 
John A. 

CHAMBERLAIN. 

Dea. Ephraim Chamberlain married Persis Barrett. 
He came from Littleton, Mass., and settled in the Gambo 
neighborhood. 

Children : 
Rebecca, b. 1787; m. Humphrey Saunders. 
Ephraim, b. 1789 ; m. Abigail Holt, 
John, b. 1792 ; m. Phebe Haskins. 
Lois, b. 1795 ; m. Francis Cummings. 
Lydia, b. 1797. 
Persis, b. 1803 ; m. Jonathan Wardwell. 



240 HISTORY OF WATERFORD, 

CHAPLIN. 

Daniel Chaplin married Mary Saunders. They came 
from Rowley, Mass., and resided in North Waterford. He 
was a farmer and blacksmith ; was often in town office ; was a 
soldier in the Revolution. 

Children : 
Daniel, b. 1792 ; m. Fanny Davenport. 
Caleb, b. 1795. 
John S., b. 1797. 
MaryS.,b. 1800. 
Amos, b. 1802. 

Dolly, b. 1804; m. Joseph Bennett. 
Lydia, b. 1806 ; m. Ethan Allen. 
Lois P., b. 1810. 

Capt. Daniel Chaplin (2d gen.), who married Fanny 
Davenport, was son of Daniel Chaplin; lived on the old 
place ; was much in town business ; was representative in the 
legislature. He constructed a lithograph map of the town. 

Children : 
Mary, m. Nathaniel D. Hodsdon. 
Daniel, m. Elizabeth B. Treadwell. 
Serena D. 
Harriet D. 
Edward, was killed in the late war. 

David Chaplin married Jane Saunders. He was brother 
of Daniel ; came from Rowley, Mass. ; resided in North Water- 
ford; was a farmer and blacksmith, skilled in curious work and 
arts. He was teacher, student in the Greek, a soldier in the 
Revolution ; was deacon of the Baptist church ; had one child, 
Jane, who died in infancy. 

CILLET. 
John Cilley, born 1792, married in 1821 Lydia Moulton, 
born 1794. He came from Gorham, Me., in 1821 ; settled in 
the south-west part of the town, where Paul Whitcomb had 
lived ; a farmer. 



RECORD OF FAMILIES. 241 

Children : 
Sarah, m. A. D. Hamlin. 
Maria G., m. William Lunt. 
John. 

William F., m. 1st, J. M. Atherton ; 2d, C. Foss. 
George M. 
Melinda L., m. Frank Harding. 

COOLIDGE. 

Henry Coolidge (the name of his wife not ascertained) 
came from Cambridge, Mass. ; settled on the south side of the 
pond, on what is now called Coolidge hill. 

Children : 
William. 

Mercy, m. Dr. Samuel Crombie, 

Orlando, m. 1st, Betsey Haskell ; 2d, Martha Merrill. 

Mary, m. Joseph Pratt. 

John G. W., m. Mrs. Zipporah Andrews. 

Henry. 

Jonas. 

John G. W. Coolidge (2d gen.) married Mrs. Zipporah 
Andrews of Bridgton ; lived with his father on Coolidge hill ; 
a farmer ; afterward left town. 

Children : 

John H., m. Jacobs. 

Frances E., m. Dr. Houghton, out west. 
Helena, m. Ainsworth. 

Orlando Coolidge (2d gen.), who married first Betsey 
Haskell, second, Martha Merrill, was son of Henry Cool- 
idge ; resided east of Tom pond ; a farmer. 

Children : 
Henry, b. 1816. 

Mercy W., b. 1818. 

Jonas, b. 1823. 



Elizabeth, I ^_ ^^^4, 



Orlando. 



242 HISTORY OF WATERFORD. 

CROMBIE. 

De. Samuel Crombie came into town about 1807 and mar- 
ried Mercy Coolidge. He died in 1809, and by his request 
was buried with his head pointing directly toward the north 
and his feet toward the south. 

CROSS. 

Capt. Ebenezer Cross married in 1793 Abigail Webb. 
Capt. Cross, born in Newburyport, Mass., moved to Portland, 
Me,, and followed the seas. He afterward settled in Water- 
ford, and lived where Samuel Plummer resided. He died in 
Portland. 

Children : 
Ebenezer, m. Lucinda Longley. 
Miriam A., d. in Belfast, 1821. 
Sarah A., m. Benjamin Walker. 
Mary, m. Eben L. Dyer, 
Catherine, d, young. 
Catherine, m, J, B, Scott, 
Jane G. 
Eliza A., m. John Dela. 

Ebenezer Cross (2d gen,), who mai-ried Lucinda Long- 
ley, was son of Capt. Ebenezer Cross ; lived where Eben 
Plummer lately resided ; was a farmer, and at one time a trader 
at the Flat. He afterward removed to Bridgton. 

Children : 
Jane, m, John Eilborn, 
William W., ra. Hannah W, Cranmore. 

DAVENPORT. 

Ephraim Davenport, born 1762, married Sarah Prince, 
born 1762, He came to Waterford about 1792 from Massa- 
chusetts; afterward removed to North Bridgton. He was 
skilled as house joiner and mill-wright. 



RECOED OF FAMILIES. 243 

Children : 
John, b. 1790 ; m. Eliza Reed. 
Silence, b. 1792. 

Fanny, b. 1794; m. Capt. Daniel Chaplain. 
Nancy, b. 1796. 

Serena, b. 1798; m. Hon. John L. Megquier. 
Ephraim, b. 1800; m. Sally Kimball. 
Elias B. 
Harriet, m. Thomas Mead, Esq. 

Ephraim Davenport (2d gen.), who married Sally Kim- 
ball, was son of Ephraim Davenport ; lives a farmer in the 
east part of the town, near Norway. 

Children : 
Byron, m. Martha Potter. 
Elias. 

Abigail, m. Jonathan Chapman. 
Francena, m. Theodore French. 

Jonathan K., m. Mary . 

Mary, m. Benjamin Cook. 
John L. M., m. Harriet Lincoln. 

DAVIS. 

Deliverance Davis married in 1810 Eliza Stewart. He 
came from Boscawen, N. H. ; was a tanner by trade ; was civil 
magistrate ; lived just above the Flat. 

Children : 
Mary, b. 1809; m. William Horr. 
Eliza, b. 1813 ; m. Benjamin Blood. 
Jonas, b. 1818; m. Mrs. Billings. 
Albert, m. Fannie Watkins. 

DOUGLASS. 

Rev. John A. Douglass, born 1792, married first, in 1822, 
Elizabeth Abbott, born 1798; second, in 1824, Lucy Ab- 
bott, born 1802. Mr. Douglass came from Portland in the 
spring of 1821 ; was ordained pastor of the Congregational 
church Nov. 7, 1821; died Aug. 7, 1878. 



244 HISTORY OF WATERFORD. 

Children : 
Harriet E., some years lady principal of Gorham seminary. 
William A., of whom a brief memoir was written. 
John A., M.D., m. Helen Howarth. 
Abby A., deceased. 
Lucy E., m, John Eveleth, m.d. 
Emma F., deceased. 

William A., is high sheriff of Oxford county. 
Clara M., teacher. 
Alfred S., d. in infancy. 
Marion L. H., d. while young. 

DUDLEY. 

Joseph Dudley married Lucy Maynard. He came from 
Acton, Mass., in 1798 ; lived in the south part of the town; 
was the proprietor of mills. 

Children : 
Hannah, b. 1792. 
Rebecca, b. 1795. 

Joseph, b. 179S ; m. Abigail Morse. 
Israel, b. ]801. 

James, b. 1803; m. Lucinda Dillingham. 
Samuel, b. 1805. 
John, b. 1807. 

Lucy, b. 1809; m. Gee Harmon. 
Mary, b. 1812. 
Hosea E., b. 1822; m. Fanny Barnes. 

James Dudley (2d gen.), who married Lucinda Dilling- 
ham, was the son of Joseph, and resided in the south part of 
the town, near Harrison ; was engaged in farming and milling. 

Children : 
Lucinda D., m. C. Jeffords. 
James E., m. Eliza Burns. 
Nancy J., m. Stephen Pattee. 
Charles M. 
Samuel. 

John, m. Susan Backman. 
Lewis F,, m. Amy Fernald. 
Frederick E. 



RECORD OF FAMILIES. 245 

Joseph Dudley (2d gen.), who married Abigail Morse, 
was son of Joseph Dudley, and resided with the Dudley- 
brothers, near the mills in the south part of the town. 

Children : 
Joseph W., m. Elizabeth Earles. 
Albert. 
Samuel. 

Israel, m. Thirza Kilgore. 
Matilda. 

ELLSWORTH. 

JosiAH Ellsworth, born 1803, married Anna Atherton, 
born 1807. He came from Bridgton, Me., in 1820; learned 
the clothier's trade of Josiah Fan-ar ; resided in the lower vil- 
lage ; worked also at the carpenter's trade. 

Children : 
Mark T., m. Lydia Tomlinson. 
Anna L. 

Caroline B., m. Joseph Perry. 
Cyrus M., m. in Massachusetts. 
Anna L. 
Charles W., m. in Boston. 

FAIRBANKS. 

Jonathan Fairbanks man-ied Susan Cahoon. He came 
from Berlin, Mass. ; was a farmer ; lived in Gambo district, 
near the foot of McWains pond. 

Children : 
Lucretia, m. Bowdoin "Wood. 
Sophia, m. Josiah Pride. 

Susan, m. Norcross. 

Ephraim, m. in Massachusetts. 

Jonathan, m. Sylvina Morton ; was a Methodist preacher ; d. recently. 



246 HISTORY OF WATERFORD. 

FARRAR. 

Calvin Farrar, Esq., born 1778, married Bathsheba 
Bates, 1797. He was from Guildhall, Vt. ; resided on the 
Flat ; a merchant ; was in town and state office. 

Children : 
Caroline E., b. 1806 ; m. Maj. Levi Brown. 
Nancy W., b. 1810; m. John Gerry, Esq. ; d. 1841. 
Maria, b. 1811; m. Roland Gerry; d, 1844. 
Luther (Col.), b. 1813; graduated at Bowdoin College; m. Sophronia 

Hume ; d. 1843. 
Calvin (Col.), b. 1814; graduated at Bowdoin College; was proprietor 

of the Hydropathic Institution in Waterford ; d. 1859. 
Mercy, b. 1816; m. C. J. F. Eastman. 
David, b. 1818. 

David Farrar, unmarried, brother and partner of Calvin, 
was a man of note in town, holding various public offices. 

JosiAH Farrar married Betsey Prince. He came from 
Guildhall, Vt. ; lived in the lower village in the house where 
Luther Houghton now lives; was a clothier by trade. 

Children : 
Calvin, b. 1808 ; graduated at Bowdoin College about 1882. 
Annette, b. 1811; m. 1st, Daniel G. Swan; 2d, John A. Briggs. 
Josiah, b. 1814. 
Edward, b. 1816. 
Harriet, b. 1818; m. John A. Briggs. 

GAGE. 

Leander Gage, m.d., born in 1792, married in 1820 Ann B. 
Sargent, born 1794. Dr. Gage was from Bethel, Me. ; began 
practice in Waterford about 1817; built and occupied the 
stand now owned by Mr. Porter; was a man of commanding 
influence, and had a wide practice and reputation; died 1812. 



RECORD OF FAMILIES. 247 

Children : 
Phebe, b. 1821 ; was a teacher. 
Frances, b. 1823; m. Col. Humphrey Cousens. 
Irene, b. 1825; m. Dea. Samuel Warren. 
Thomas H., m.d., b. 1827; m. Annie M. Lane. 
Ann, b. 1829; m. Calvin Foster; was a teacher in Boston. 
Maiy, b. 1831 ; teacher in Boston. 
Lois, b. 1832. 

George M., b. 1834; m. Elizabeth Webber; was principal of State 
Normal school ; afterward same in Minnesota. 

GREENE. 

Lieut. Thomas Greene, born in 1743, married Lydia Kil- 
BOEN, born 1748. They removed from Rowley, Mass., in 1788; 
came in a schooner to Portland, and but partially escaped 
shipwreck ; settled in North Waterford where Cyrus Greene 
now lives. Jonathan Barnard had begun on the lot, but soon 
after removed to North Bridgton. Lieut. Greene was an officer 
in the French and revolutionary wars; was famed for courage 
and enthusiasm in battle ; once led the regiment to victory 
when its commander had fled, so says tradition. 

Children : 
Daniel, b. 1770; m. Elizabeth Warren. 
PoUy, b, 1772; m. Maj. Samuel Warren. 
Thomas, b. 1775; m. Tabitha Holt. 
Sarah, b. 1777; m. Dudley Swan. 
Dorothy, b. 1779 ; m. Dea. William Warren. 
Lydia, b. 1782 ; m. Capt. Abel Houghton. 
Joseph, b. 1784; m. Catherine Willard. 
Elizabeth, b. 1786; m. Capt. Abel Houghton. 

Capt. Daniel Greene (2d gen.), who married Elizabeth 
Warren, was son of Lieut. Thomas Greene, whose entire fami- 
ly came with him from Rowley. Capt. Greene succeeded his 
father on the old place; was farmer and shoemaker; w^as long 
in town office, also justice of the peace. 



248 HISTORY OF WATERFOKD. 

Having no children, they brought up as their own : 
Lucy A. Horr, who raanied James Coffin. 
Daniel G. Swan, who married Annette Farrar. 
Joanna Hale, who married William York. 
Thomas Green, who married Eliza Kimball. 
Abel Baker, who married Clarissa Evans. 

Thomas Greene (2d gen.), born 1775, who married Tabitha 
Holt, was son of Lieut. Thomas, and came with the family 
from Rowley ; settled on the road leading from North to West 
Waterford. He lost his life in taking down the frame of a barn. 

Children : 
Sarah A., b. 1800. 

Tabitha, b. 1801 ; m. Dea. Leonard Grover. 
Jacob H., b. 1802; m. Sarah (Frye) Jewett. 
William W., b. 1805; m. Ruth Corser. 
Thomas, b. 1808 ; m. Elizabeth Kimball. 

Joseph Greene (2d gen.), who married in 1809 Catherine 
WiLLARD, born 1784, was son of Lieut. Thomas Greene. He 
lived half a mile south of Daniel Warren; then moved to the 
old Willard place ; was a farmer ; had great physical strength ; 
was killed by the falling of a tree. 

Children : 
Samuel W., m. Eliza Beatie. 
Sophia, m. Asa Cummings. 
Sarah M. E., in business in Lowell, Mass. 
Dolly. 

William, m. Mary Carter. 
Daniel, m. Coretha Joselyn. 
Cyrus, m. in the west. 
Joseph, m. in Boston. 
There were two infants. 



RECORD OF FAMILIES, 249 

GERRY. 

Peter Gerry, born in 1776, raavried first Polly Cutler, 
born in 1782 ; second, Elizabeth Farrar, widow of Josiah 
Farrar. He moved to Waterford about 1797 from Harvard, 
Mass. His first wife was born in Sudbury, Mass. He settled 
in the west part of the town ; was a farmer, civil magistrate, 
and for several years represented the town in the legislature. 

Children : 

Mary, b. 1804 ; d. 1844. 

John C, b. 1808; m. 1st, Nancy W. Farrar; 2d, Nancy W. Sawin. 

Roland H., b. 1810; m. Maria A. Farrar; d. 1842. 

Abbie, b. 1812; d. 1817. 

Elbridge, b. 1815; m. Anna S. C. Jenness; is attorney at law in Port- 
land ; bas represented the town in the State legislature and the 
district in congress. 

HALE. 

Oliver Hale married first Eunice Fletcher; second, 
Elizabeth Newton. He was from Harvard, Mass.; walked 
all the way to the wilderness of Waterford and brought an ox- 
chain on his shoulders, which is now in the possession of one of 
his descendants. He went on an ox-sled to Gray to be mar- 
ried, forty miles distant, and returned with his bride in the 
same way. 

Children : 
John, ra. Matilda Cockrain. 
Sally, b. 1791 ; m. Jonathan A. Russell. 
Betsey, b. 1793. 

Charlotte, b. 1794; long a teacher in Portland; m. Maj. Tbos. Perl'ey.^ 
Lucinda, b. 1797; m. Joseph C. Walker. 
Eunice, b. 1799 ; m. 1st, Charles Mason ; 2d, Ayers Mason. 
Mary, m. Capt. Luther Houghton. 

Oliver, m. 1st, Harriet Waite; 2d, Mary Ann Lincoln; 3d, Ruth Jane 
Brown. 

17 



250 HISTORY OF WATERFOED. 

Israel Hale married Esther Taylor. He came from 
Harvard, Mass., in 1795, and settled in the west part of the 
town, where Capt. Thomas Swan now lives. 

Children : 

Polly, m. Daniel Holt. 

Esther, m. Moses Howe. 

Charles, m. Packard. 

Mercy, m. John Thurston. 

Benjamin, m. Polly Shaw. 

Alpheus, m, Mary Arnold. 

Sumner, m. Mary Shackley. 

Eber, m. Jemima Richardson. 

Israel. 

Charles Hale (2 gen.), who married Packard, was 

son of Israel ; lived a while in West Waterford, afterward in 
Sweden. 

Children : 
Elbridge G., b. 1811. 
Charles, b, 1813. 
Lovesty, b. 1814. 
George W., b. 1819. 
John R., b. 1821. 
Sally, b. 1823. 
Nancy B., b. 1825. 

Benjamin Hale, born 1765, married first Susan Whitney ; 
second, Mercy Rand. He came from Harvard, Mass., in 1785, 
and settled in the Pluramer neighborhood. He was a tailor 
by trade, dividing his time between his trade and his farm. 

Children : 
Abel, b. 1794. 

Joseph (Lieut.), b. 1796; m. Janette Howe. 
Susanna, b. 1798. 

Eveline, b. 1800; m. Jabez Brown. 
Benjamin, b. 1802. 

Mary, b. 1804 ; m. Dea. Benjamin F. Stone. 
Joanna, b. 1806; m. William York. 
Abel W., b. 1813; m. Susan Buruham. 



RECORD OF FAMILIES. 251 

Lieut. Joseph Hale (2d gen.), who married Janette 
Howe, has during his married life resided on the Flat, and 
divides his time between his trade as shoemaker and farming ; 
has no children. 

HAMLIN. 

The progenitor of all the Hamlins that settled early in Ox- 
ford county was Eleazer, of Harvard, Mass. He owned a large 
tract of land in Waterford. He had seventeen children. He 
oflfered each of his sons land enough to make a farm if they 
would settle on it. Four of them, Africa, America, Eleazer, 
and Hannibal, accepted the offer. There were then only 
twelve families in town. Mrs. Africa Hamlin, with a little 
child in her arms, was drawn upon a moose sled from Long 
pond to her wilderness home. When asked if she was not 
homesick (her husband was not with her), she answered, " no, 
not at all." 

Africa Hamlin married Susanna Stone. He came from 
Harvard, Mass.; settled in South Waterford; a farmer; wag 
first town clerk and was often in town office. 

Children : 
Nabby. 

Poladore, m. Nancy Park. 
Almira, m. Maj. Theodore Stone. 
Susanna, m. Gabriel Kilgore. 
Castelo, M.D., m. Rebecca E. Haskins. 
Lydia, m. John Wilkins. 

America Hamlin married first Sally Parkhurst ; second, 
Betsey Brown. He also was from Harvard, and resided 
near his brother Africa. 



252 HISTORY OF WATERFORD. 

Children: 
Pamelia, m. John Carter. 
Luther, m. Hannah Kimball. 
America, m. Huldah Keyes. 
Sally, m. Jabez Brown. 
Sophia, m. John Brown. 
Silas, m. Martha Atherton. 
Lewis. 
Fanny, m. William Burnhara. 

William Henry, m. Brown. 

Rufus G. 

America Hamlin (2d gen.), who married Huldah Keyes, 
was son of America Hamlin, and settled south of his father, 
near Harrison. 

Children : 
Albert, m. Sarah Woodsom. 

Nancy, m. Long. 

Maria, m. Wilkins. 

Edwin, m. Martha Lombard. 

Lovina, m. Kennison. 

Almira. 
Jenny. 

Luther Hamlin (2d gen.), who married Hannah Kimball, 
was son of America Hamlin, and resided on the home place 
daring a part of his life. 

Children : 
George, m. 1st, Esther Weston ; 2d, Martha Woodard ; 3d, Charlotte 

Angle. 
Calvin, m. Maria Brown. 
Luther. 
Prescott. 
Mary. 

Capt. Poiadore Hamlin (2d gen.), who married Nancy 
Park, was son of Africa Hamlin, and resided on the old place. 



RECORD OF FAMILIES. 253 

Children : 
Eliza Ann, m. Enoch PeiTy. . 

Margaretta, d. young. 

Eleazer Hamlin married Sally Bancroft. He came 
with his brothers from Harvard, and settled in the south-west 
part of the town. He was trusted in town affairs, and repre- 
sented the town in the legislature. 

Children : 
Francis, m, 1st, Rebecca Parker; 2d, Mrs. Harding; 3d, Elvira Bisbee- 
Addison, m. Betsey Kneeland. 

John, m. 1st, Mary Evans; 2d, Caroline Evans; 3d, Mary Rich, 
William, m. Louisa Billings. 
Sally. 

David T., m. Harriet Robbins. 
Lucy. 

Eleazer, m. Mary Ann Hapgood. 
Also several infants. 

Maj. Hannibal Hamlin married Susan Faulkner. He 
came with his brothers to Waterford from Harvard ; resided 
where John Everett now lives ; held town office and was high 
sheriff for Oxford county. 

Children : 
Susan, m. William W. Stone. 
Rebecca F., m. Charles Farley. 
Hannibal, m. Fannie Abbott. 
Cyrus, D.D., president at Robert College, Turkey; m. 1st, Henrietta 

Jackson; 2d, Miss Lovell, missionary in Turkey; 3d, Mary Ten- 

ney, also missionary in Turkey. 

HAPGOOD. 

Capt. Hezekiah Hapgood married Dorcas Whitcomb. 
He came from Stow, Mass., in 1797 ; lived in the south part of 
the town ; was by occupation a farmer. 



254 HISTORY OF WATEEFOED. 

Children : 
Sally, m. Gedothan Alexander. 
Mercy, m. Moses Nourse. 
Betsey, m. Jesse Dunham. 
Jonathan. 

Ephraim, m. Fanny Willard. 
William, m. Mary Hai-nden. 
Sprout, m. Betsey Sawin. 
Polly, m. Elbridge Harnden. 
Hezekiah. 

Thomas (Capt.), m. Jane McWain. 
Catharine, m. Silas Warren, 

Capt. Ephraim Hapgood (2d gen.), born 1788, who married 
Fanny Willakd, was son of Hezekiah Hapgood. The family 
moved from Stow, Mass., in 1797. He lived in several places 
in town ; was a farmer. 

Children : 
Eliza A., m. Charles A. Ford, 

Sherman W., m. Fletcher in Anson. 

Frances. 

Conant B. 

Nancy, m. G. A. Stewart. 

Charles, m. Savage. 

Sprout Hapgood (2d gen.), who married Betsey Sawin, 
was son of Hezekiah Hapgood ; was farmer on the west side of 
Temple hill, afterward merchant. He was adjutant in the mi- 
litia. 

Children : 
Lyman, m. Elizabeth Smith, 
Margarette, m. Enoch Moody. 
Lydia, m. Dr. Levi Howard. 
Frances. 

Andrew, m. Annie Winter. 
Annette. 
Helen. 



EECORD OF FAMILIES. 255 

Oliver Hapgood, born 1762, married Lucy Tuttle. He 
was from Stow, Mass. ; settled in the south part of the town ; 
a farmer. 

Children : 

Ephraim, b. 1786; m. Boston; the first male child born in town. 

Lucy, b. 1788 ; m. Samuel Town. 
Artemas, b. 1789 ; m. Betsey Haskell. 
Nathaniel T., b. 1791. 
Oliver, b. 1794; m. Abigail Welch. 

Ephraim Hapgood (2d gen.), who married Boston, 

was the first male child born in town. 

Children : 
Ephraim, b. 1815. 
Lucy E.,b. 1817. 
Willis S., b. 1819. 
Oliver, b. 1822; m. Jael Sanderson. 

John F., b. 1824; m. Young. 

Richard. 

HASKELL. 

Samuel Haskell (the name of his wife I have not found) 
came from Stow, Mass., and lived on the south side of Tom 
pond, where Henry Young now lives ; a farmer. 

Children : 
Betsey, m. Orlando Coolidge. 
John, m. Thirza Stone. 
Samuel, found dead in the woods. 
Ward. 

Two daughters, names not ascertained. 
George, d.d., a Baptist clergyman in Michigan. 

HASKINS. 

Robert Haskins, born 1774, married in 1797 Rebecca Em- 
MERSON, born 1776. They moved to Waterford from Boston 
in 1802 ; settled on Plummer hill, afterward on the place now 



256 HISTOKY OF WATEEFORD. 

called " Elm Vale," in South Waterford, near Bear pond. Mr. 
Haskins was one of sixteen children, three of whom died 
young. The average age of the thirteen that lived was eighty 
years. He was a fai-mer and manufacturer. The father of 
Mrs. Haskins was Rev. William Emerson of Concord, Mass., 
who served as chaplain and lost his life in the revolutionary 
war. Ralph Waldo Emerson was her nephew. They brought 
their second babe to town in a basket as its bed, lashed to the 
front of the chaise, the first vehicle of the kind ever seen in 
town, it is said. The horse was led by the bit nearly all the 
way from the foot of Long pond by reason of the badness of 
the road. 

Children : 

Rebecca E,, b. 1799; m. Castela Hamlin, m.d. 

Thomas W., b. 1801 ; m. Mary Ann Loren. 

Phebe R.,b. 1803; m. John Chamberlain. She was baptized at ser- 
vice held in the barn of Rev. Mr. Ripley. 

Robert, b. 1804 ; m. Lucretia Childs. 

William E., b. 1806; m. F. M. Hodges. 

Ralph T., b. 1808 ; m. M. A. Browning. 

Casper L., b. 1810. 

Lincoln Ripley, b. 1812. 

Samuel M., d.d., b. 1813; m. 1st, Adeline Peck; 2d, Sarah Weldman. 

Hannah U., b. 1814; m. Augustus Parsons. 

Sarah R., b. 1816; m. Samuel Ansley. 

Charlotte F., b. 1823; m. 1st. Rev. Charles Cleaveland; 2d, William 
Cleaveland. 



HAY. 

Chables Hay, m.d., born 1768, married in 1797 Ciiloe 
Smith, born 1774, in Taunton, Mass. They moved to Water- 
ford from Turner, Me., in 1798, and resided just north of the 
old church, where Miss Kingman now lives. 



RECOED OF FAMILIES. 257 

Children : 
Charles, m. 1st, Mary Jones ; 2cl, Henrietta B. Bessy. 
Vesta L., m. Washington Hartshorn. 
Nancy L., m. Allen Parsons . 
John K., d. aged 18. 
Charlotte T., m. Francis Sweetsir. 
Eliza B., m. Levi G. Crosman. 
Joseph E., d. early. 
George S., m. Eunice C. Babb. 
Joseph E., 2d, d. aged 18. 
Sophia A., m. Appleton Hay. 
Zilpha A., unmamed. 
Henry H., m. 1st, Josephine S. Gilson; 2d, Eleanor Seavey. 

HOBSON. 

Moses Hobson, born 1779, married Lucy Walcott. He 
came to Waterford from Rowley, Mass., in 1793 ; resided in 
North Waterford, just south of the village; was a farmer. 

Children : 

Catherine S., b. 1805 ; m. Sumner Stone. 
Laurena, b. 1807 ; m. Peter C. Mosher. 
James F., b. 1811. 

George (Capt.), b. 1816; m. Philena Stevens. 
Elizabeth, b. 1819. 

HORR. 

Philip Horr married Han"N"ah Harrington. Mr. Horr 
moved from Norton, Mass., to Brookfield, Mass., and thence to 
Waterford. His was the first family as such in town. Mrs. 
Horr was the first woman in town. They came here soon after 
the revolutionary war, and lived half a mile west of Joel S. 
Plummer. 

Children : 
Hannah, m. Asa Johnson. 
Asa. 
Isaac, m. Rebecca Heald. 

John, m. 1st, Atherton; 2d, Anna Hobbs. 

Abram, m. Mary Hall. 
Abigail, m. Elijah Potter. 



258 HISTORY OF WATERFORD. 

Isaac Horr (2d gen.), who married Rebecca Heald, was 
son of Philip, and came with the family from Massachusetts ; 
settled in North Waterford. 

Children : 
Tryphena, b. 1795; m, Jonathan Bartlett. 
Betsey, b. 1796. 

Stephen, b. 1798; m. Hannah Adams. 
Betsey, b. 1800. 
Isaac C, b. 1802 ; m. Eleanor Flint. 

Josiah, b. 1804 ; m. 1st, Hannah Heald ; 2d, . 

Asa, b. 1806. 

Rebecca H., b. 1808; ra. Robert L. Allen. 

Calvin, b. 1810; m. Harriet Paine. 

Mary, b. 1814 ; m. 1st. Cyrus Haskell ; 2d. Joseph Riggs. 

Abram Horr (2d gen.), who married Mary Hall, was son 
of Philip Horr; came with him from Massachusetts and helped 
make the first family as such that settled in Waterford. He 
resided on the old place. 

Children : 
Eleanor, m. Stephen Plummer. 
William, m. Mary Davis. 
Daniel, m. Louisa Estes. 
Sarah, m. Leonard Jones. 
Hannah, m. Nathaniel Barker. 
Philip, m. 1st, Catherine Estes; 2d, Mary Nay. 
Frederick. 

HOUGHTON. 

Maj. Jonathan Houghton married first Rachel Hale ; 
second, Mrs. Mary Bryant. He was from Harvard, Mass.; 
lived in West Waterford ; was a cooper and farmer. 

Children : 
Abel, b. 1784 ; m. 1st, Betsey Green ; 2d, Lydia Green. 
Jonathan, b. 1786 ; m. 1st, Thirza Flint ; 2d, Susan Littlefield. 
Mary, b. 1788 ; m. Levi Howard. 



RECORD OF FAMILIES. 259 

Josiah (Rev.), b. 1790; m. 1st, Joan Richards; 2d, E. Richards. 

Henry, b. 1791; m. 1st, Melinda Brj'aat; 2d, Susan Brown. 

Rachel, b. 1793 ; m. Artemus Fairbanks. 

Sally, b. 1795; m. Stephen Nourse. 

Mary, b. 1797. 

Betsey, b. 1799; m. Abram Whitcomb. 

Cyrus (Lieut.), b. 1801; m. Leonora Thorpe. 

f*;;-.}b.i603. 

Lewis W., M.D., b. 1806; m. 1st, Mary Ann Nourse; 2d, Esther Wes- 
ton ; 3d, Susan Henrys. 

Capt. Abel Houghton (2d gen.), who married first Betsey 
Greex, second, Lydia Greex, was son of Maj. Jonathan 
Houghton, and came to Waterford with the family. He re- 
sided in several places in town ; was a farmer and house joiner, 
and kept hotel in the City. 

Children : 

Luther, m. 1st, Ruth P. Jewett; 2d, Mary Hale. 

Calvin, m. Maria Billings. 

Betsey, m. M. R. Mason. 

Levi H., m. Elizabeth Robbins. 

Daniel, I m. Jane Jacobs. 

Eliza, ) m. 1st, Leander Willard ; 2d, Asa Fletcher. 

Dea. Jonathan Houghton (2d gen.), who married first 
Thieza Flint, second, Susan Littlefield, resided in West 
Waterford, having exchanged with his brother Abel in the 
care and support of his parents ; a farmer. 

Child : 
Louisa, m. Calvin Whitcomb. 

Dea. Henry Houghton (2d gen.), who married first Me- 
linda Bryant, second, Susan Brown, resided first where 
Samuel H. Warren now lives, then kept hotel at the Flat, 
afterward in Windham, where he was in trade ; afterward in 
Norway. 



260 HISTORY OF WATERFORD. 

Children : 
Mary Ann, m. George Plummer. 
Henry, died. 

Melinda B., m. James McPhail. 

Edwin Brown, major in the army, also historian of the regiment. 
Frank, m. Louise Goodrich. 

HOWE. 

Hon. Nathaniel Howe married Mary Chase. He came 
to Waterford from North Bridgton ; resided in the lower vil- 
lage, where Mr. Young now lives. He was a lawyer of dis- 
tinction and a member of the State senate. 

Children : 

William L., m. . 

Algernon S., m. Caroline Bradbury. 

Lucy, m. George W. Andrews. 

Mary, m. Rev. Jacob Chapman. 

Augusta. 

Ophelia, m. Simon Andrews. 

Charles, m. Mary F. Longley. 

MosES Howe married first Elizabeth Temple; second, 
Esther Hale. He came from Marlborough, Mass., and re- 
sided in West Waterford ; a farmer. 

Children : 
Hannah, b. 1802. 

Janette, b. 1803; m. Lieut. Joseph Hale. 
Melinda, b. 1804. 

Almerino, b. 1806; m. Mary Rand. 
Lucy. 

Betsey, m. John Farwell. 
Harriet. 

JEWELL. 

Ezra Jewell married Sarah Conant. He moved from 
Stow, Mass. ; lived in the lower village, called the City ; was 
the fifth family in town. 



RECOKD OF FAMILIES. 261 

Children : 
Nathan, b. 1780; m. Betsey Pollard. 
Sally, b. 1782; m. Oliver Stone. 

Lewis, b. 178.5 ; m. 1st, Nancy Longley ; 2d, Lydia Spurr. 
Mary, b. 1789 ; ra. Nathan Brooks. 
Charlotte, b. 1791 ; m. Maj. William Morse. 
Ezra, b. 1794; m. Charlotte Brooks. 

Nathan Jewell (2d gen.), who married Betsey Pollard, 
was son of Ezra Jewell, and came with the family from Stow, 
Mass. He lived in the City, and was a miller. 

Children : 
Betsey, b. 1804; m. Archibald Dunmore. 
Lorinda, b. 1805; m. Samuel Dearborn. 
Ezra, b. 1807 ; m. 1st, Frances Sawyer ; 2d, Eliza O. Kimball. 
Nathan, b. 1809; m. Elizabeth Treat. 

Jonathan, b. 1810; m. 1st, Achsah E. Bailey; 2d, Harriet M. Peck. 
David, b. 1812; m. Lucretia Burnham. 
Lydia S., b. 1814; m. Spenser Skinner. 
William, b. 1816. 

Mary B., b. 1818: m. Lewis Bowman. 
Levi, b. 1820. 

Lewis Jewell (2d gen.), who married first Nancy Long- 
ley, second, Lydia Spurb, was son of Ezra Jewell ; lived just 
above the lower village ; was the owner of mills ; was often in 
public ofiice. He had no children. 

John Jewell, born 1759, married Lucy Cutting, born 
1752. He lived on the farm now owned by the town. 

Children : 
John, b. 1788. 
Danford, b. 1790. 
Betsey, b. 1792. 



262 HISTOET OF WATERFORD. 

JEWETT. 

Capt. Stephen Jewett, born 1743, married in 1764 Eliza- 
beth Little, bom 1744. Capt. Jewett moved from Rowley, 
Mass., about the year 1790 ; settled where Samuel H. Warren 
now lives, in North Waterford. See elsewhere a brief de- 
scription of him as a man. He bore the office of deacon in 
the church, and died in 1822, his wife in 1819. 

Children: 
Nathan, b. 1765; m. Hannah Emerson. 
Ruth, b. 1767; d. 1790. 
Ebenezer, b. 1768; d. 1768. 
Ebenezer, b. 1770; d. 1771. 
Ebenezer. b. 1772; m. 1st, Susan Stickney in 1794; 2d, Mary Farring- 

ton, b. 1780. 
Nathaniel, b. 1773; d. 1798. 
Hannah, b. 1776; m. Jonathan Plummer. 
Elizabeth, b. 1778; m. Samuel Plummer. 

Nathan Jewett (2d gen.), born 17(35, married Hannah 
Emerson in 1792. Mr. Jewett was born in Rowley, Mass. ; 
was son of Dea. Stephen Jewett ; settled on the farm now 
owned by Peter C. Mosher, in North Waterford. He removed 
to Buckfield about the year 1821. 

Children : 

Stephen, b. 1793; time and manner of death unknown. 

Emerson, b. 1795; m. 1st, Dorcas A. Beard; 2d, Martha Mills. 

Mighill, b. 1797 ; was a Baptist preacher, afterward Universalist. 

Henry, b. 1799; d. in Massachusetts. 

Daniel, b. 1801; m. 1st, Sarah Mann; 2d, EUzabeth Manning. 

Albert, b. 1803; resides in Waterford. 

Stillman, b. 1804; m. Judith Plummer. 

Mary, b. 1806; m. James G. Sanborn. 

Louisa, b. 1809. 

Sumner, b. 1811 ; m. Mary E. Ray. 

Lyman, d.d., b. 1813; m. Ephemia Davis; is a missionary in the Tel- 
igu country, India; is learned in the ancient languages and trans- 
lator of the Scriptures into the Teligu language. 



RECORD OP FAMILIES. 263 

Lieut. Ebenezer Jewett (2d gen.), born 1772, married 
first, in 1794, Susan Stickney, born 1770, died 1796; second, 
in 1797, Mary Farrinqton, born 1780. He was son of Dea. 
Stephen Jewett; lived just south of where Farnum Jewett 
now lives; was a farmer and inn-holder. 

Children : 
Ebenezer, b. 1796; m. Tabitha Frye. 
Nathaniel, b. 1798 ; m. Sarah Frye. 
Susan, b. 1799 ; m. Gen. Parsons Haskell. 
Jacob F., b. 1801; m. 1st, Julia Merrill; 2d, Ann Holmes. 
Philander, b. 1803. 

Leander, b. 1804; m. 1st, Lucy Conant; 2d, Mary Hastings. 
Maria, b. 1806 ; m. William Boswell. 
Farnum, b. 1808; m. Louisa Wood. 
Ruth P., b. 1811 ; m. Capt. Luther Houghton. 
Otis, b. 1812. 
Milton, b. 1814; m. 1st, Harriet Dresser; 2d, Eliza Sanderson; Sd, 

Mrs. Packai'd. 
Caroline E., b. 1820. 
Stephen, b. 1822. 

Ebenezer Jewett (3d gen.), who married Tabitha Frye, 
was gi'andson of Stephen Jewett and son of Ebenezer Jewett, 
He lived in Ijhe Plumraer district on the south slope of Rice 
hill. 

Children : 
Henry A., b. 1820; m. 1st, Tabitha Chaplin ; 2d, Abbie A. Webster. 
Isaac F., b, 1822. 
Nathaniel, b. 1824. 
Samuel S. 
Abbie. 

Samuel S., m. Noyes. 

Susan P., m. George Rand. 
Isaac F., m. Nancy Warren. 



264 HISTORY OF WATERFORD. 

Nathaniel Jewett (3d gen.), who married Sarah Fbye, 
was son of Ebenezer, sen., and grandson of Capt. Stephen 
Jewett. He lived in a part of his father's house where his 
grandparents had lived and died. He worked at carding and 
clothing in North Waterford. His widow married Capt. Jacob 
H. Greene. They had the following 

Children : 

Edwin F., b. 1829. 

William W., M.D., b. 1831; m. 1st, Elizabeth Carlton; 2d, Elizabeth 
Lawrence. 

Edwin F., b. 1833. 

Sarah A., b. 1835; m. Osgood Bailey. 

Jacob L., b. 1837; m. 1st, Melorna Wood; 2d, Caroline Barron. He 
was colonel in the war; attorney at law; now president of an in- 
surance company in Hartford, Conn. 

George F., b. 1840; m. Deborah Rideout. 

Samuel F., b. 1843; m. Caroline C. Howard; is teacher in college for 
mutes in Canada West. 

JOHNSON. 

Abner Johnson, m.d,, born 1787, married in 1812 Julia 
Sargent, born 1785. Dr. Johnson was a native of Bridgton, 
Me. He resided while in town just north of the old meeting- 
house; was afterward extensively known as inventor and man- 
ufacturer of the "Anodyne Liniment." He died in 1847; his 
wife in 1877, aged 92. 

Children : 
Harriet S., b. 1813; m. Rev. Aaron C. Adams. 
MaryS., b. 1816; d. 1838. 
Charlotte E., b. 1818; m. William S. McKay. 

Samuel J., b. 1821; m. 1st, Lauretta Parker; 2d, Elizabeth Tasker. 
Thomas S., b. 1S25; m. R. C. Wright; d. 1850. 
Charles F. A., b. 1827; m. Sarah C. Jewett. 

Dudley H., b. 1830; m. Sarah Ketchum; was killed at Chancellor- 
ville 1863. 



RECORD OP FAMILIES. 265 

Asa Johnson, born 1761, married Hannah Horr, born 
1763. He cnrae to Waterford in 1786 from Templeton, Mass. ; 
lived in the east part of the town ; a farmer. He was one of 
the early settlers in Waterford. 

Children : 
Clarissa, b. 1787 ; m. Caleb Hersey. She was the first girl born in 

town. 
Hannah, b. 1788 ; m. Henry Sawin. 
Asa, b. 1791 ; m. Charlotte Peabody, 
Lucy, b. 1794; m. Abram Newbegin. 
Ira, b. 1796 ; m. Mary Towne. 
Sally, b. 1798; m. Thomas Sawin. 
Elijah, b. 1800 ; m. Lucy Goddard. 
Mary, b. 1802 ; m. Joseph Riggs. 
Leonica, b. 1804 ; m. Samuel Whiting. 

These lived till the youngest was over forty years of age. The 
Johnson family generally were remarkable for longevity. 

JONES. 

Silas Jones married Rebecca Powers. They removed to 
Waterford from Berlin, Mass., in 1798. I can get no further 
account of the family than these names. 

Children : 
Rebecca. 
Silas. 
William. 
Anne. 
Samuel. 
Lorenzo. 
Dolly. 
Caleb. 
Mary. 

KILBORN. 

Capt. Isaac Kilborn married first, Hannah Sweet ; sec- 
ond, Abigail Fowler. He was from Ipswich, Mass.; came 
18 



266 HISTORY OF WATERFORD. 

to Watevford about the year 1808 ; resided in the north part 
of the town in several places, afterward removed to Windham 
and kept hotel; had great physical strength, and served in de- 
fense of Portland in 1814. 

Children : 
Ruth, m. Jacob Manchester. 
Hannah, m. Stephen Pettengill. 
Joseph, m. Hannah Sweetsir. 
Eliza, m. Joseph Motley. 
Isaac, m. 1st, Hannah Kemp : 2d, Catherine Leavitt. 

KILBORNE. 

Thomas Kilboene, born 1792, married in 1823 Lydia War- 
ren, born 1803. He came from Boscawen, N. H., in 1820 ; 
settled in North Waterford on the Nathan Jewett place, now 
owned by Peter C. Mosher ; moved to West Waterford where 
Capt. Abel Houghton had resided ; is now settled on the Proc- 
tor place. North Waterford, with his son William W. 

Children : 
Samuel W., d. in infancy. 
Samuel W., 2d, m. Sarah S. Grover. 
Thomas P., d. 1848. 
Charles P., d. about 1850. 

Parley W., m. Phebe A. Gould; lives in Missouri. 
Mary Ann, m. Joshua Saunders. 

William W., m. Maria Saunders; was wounded in the war. 
Sarah, ra. William L. Grover. 

Daniel W., d. in Washington, D. C, of a wound received in battle. 
Amos G., d. young. 
Emma. 

KILGORE. 

Benjamin Kilgore, born 1768, married Olive Grover. 
He came to Waterford in 1795 from Shelburne, N. H. He 
was a farmer, and lived where his son. Col. Andorus Kilgore, 
afterward resided. 



RECORD OF FAMILIES. 267 

Children : 
Andorus, b. 1795; m. 1st, Eliza Roberts ; 2d, Harriet Lord; 3d, Lovi- 

na Holden. 
Benjamin, b. 179T; m. Annie Kimball. 
Sallie, b. 1799; m. Jobn Roberts. 
Abigail, b. 1800; m. John Guerney. 
Oliver. 



Col. Akdorus Kilgore (2d gen.), who married first, Eliza 
Roberts; second, Harriet Lord; third, Lovina Holdek, was 
son of Benjamin Kilgore ; came with the family to Waterford 
in 1795 from Shelburne, N. H. ; lived on the old place. 

Children : 
Harriet, b. 1827 ; m. Edward Cobb. 
John, b. 1830; m. Mary McKnight. 
Jane, b, 1833; m. George B. Miller. 
Julia, b. 1836. 



Benjamiis" Kilgore (2d gen.), born 1796, who married 
Emma Kimball, was son of Benjamin Kilgore; came to town 
with the family, and resided near the old farm, just south of 
Tom pond. 

Children : 
Olive, m. George Waterhouse. 
William, m. out West. 
Joseph, m. Mercy Abbott. 
Emma, m. Charles Shepherd. 
Thirza, m. Israel Dudley. 
Kimball, m. Betsey Abbott. 
Abigail, m. Levi Brown. 
Charlotte, m. James Kimball. 
Drusilla, m. Stephen Pettee. 



268 HISTORY OF WATERFORD. 

KIMBALL, 

Isaac Kimball, born about 1740, married Abigail Ray- 
mond, born 1742. Mr. Kimball was from Wilton, Mass. ; lived 
in South Waterford, near where Mr. Ellis now resides. 

Children : 
Abigail, b. 1763. 
Isaac, b. 1765. 

John, b. 1767 ; m. Billings. 

David, b. 1769 ; m. Mille Stone. 

Mary, b. 1771 ; m. Seth Wbeeler. 

Jonathan, b. 1773; m. 1st, Abigail Holt; 2d, Betsey Bowers. 

George, b. 1775. 

Abigail, b. 1778 ; m. John Wilkins. 

Sarah, b. 1780 ; m. Daniel Billings. 

Hannah, b. 1783 ; m. Luther Hamlin. 

William, b. 1785; m. Abigail Scripture. 

Betsey, m. Fiske. 



David Kimball (2d gen.), who married Mille Stone, lived 
on the Flat ; was a blacksmith by trade. 



Children : 
Mille, m. William Morse. 
Asenath, m. George Wheeler. 
David, m. in Massachusetts. 

Polly, m. Davis. 

Dimmy, m. Thomas Owen. 

Sumner (Capt.), m. Sally Atherton. 

Achsah. 

Luther, m. Affie Blaisdell. 

Lorinda, m. Haven Hutchinson. 

Jane, m. John Dodge. 

Joel, m. Oliva Watson. 

George K., m. Harriet McKinuey; was a stage driver and owner. 



RECORD OF FAMILIES. 269 

Jonathan Kimball (2d gen.), who married first Abigail 
Holt, second, Betsey Bowers, was sou of Isaac Kimball, 
and settled on the old place. 

Children : 
Sarah, m. Ephraim Davenport. 
Jonathan. 

Isaac, m. Mary Adams. 
Jonathan. 

Wilder B., m. Mary Edwards. 
EUzabeth K., m. Thomas Greene. 

Abigail H., m. Rev. Cyrus Stone, a missionary in India. 
George, m. Ednah Blackington. 
John. 
Mary. 

John Kisiball, born 1758, married 1781 Susanna Knight, 
born 1758. He came from Portland, and settled one mile 
north of the Flat in the Pluramer district; a farmer; was a 
leading man in the Baptist church. 

Children : 
John, m. Nancy Day. 
Amelia. 
Joseph. 
William. 

Susan, m. Joshua Gordon. 
Eliza. 
Moses. 

Charles F., m. Betsey Waite. 
Jane, m. Samuel Plumraer. 
George, m. Lucinda Brovrn. 

KINGMAN. 

William Kingman married Elizabeth Monroe in 1809. 
He came to Waterford from Portland about the year 1831 ; 
lived just north of the old meeting-house; was farmer and 
cabinet maker. 



270 HISTORY OF WATERFORD. 

Children : 
William, m. 1st, Harriet Plummer ; 2d, Caroline Howell. 
John, m. Charlotte Allen. 
Harriet N". 
Elizabeths., m, Oren A. Horr, m.d. Mrs. H. is an authorized physician. 

KNIGHT. 

Abel Knight married Mercy Watson in 1794. He lived 
in the east part of the town, in what is called Gambo district ; 
a farmer. 

Children : 
Coleman W., m. Ann Libbey. 
Isaac (Rev.), m. Phebe Beeman. 
John, m, Mercy Bangs. 
James, m. Lucy Upton. 

Hannah, m. . 

Abner F., m. Mary Watson. 
Ruth, m. Sylvester Mason. 
Patience, m. Jonathan Kimball. 
Mary, m. Joseph Huse. 

LONGLEY. 

Eli Longley, born 1762, married in 1789 Mary Whitcomb, 
born 1767. He removed from Bolton, Mass., in 1789 ; settled 
just north of the Flat, afterward on the Flat, where Dr. Shat- 
tuck's establishment now is. He was postmaster, inn-holder, 
merchant, and held various town offices. He removed in 1817 
to Raymond. The date on his "sign" in Waterford and in 
Raymond was " 1797." 

Children : 
Polly, b. 1785 ; m. Samuel Wheeler. 
Eli, b. 1787 ; m. 1st, Betsey Barker ; 2d, Laura McWain. 
Sally, b. 1790; m. Stephen Sanborn. 
Lucy, b. 1792. 



EECORD OF FAMILIES. 271 

George W., b. 1794; m. Abigail Spurr. 

Sophia, ), iTQA. m. Winthiop Brown, M.D. 
Lucinda, J "' ■^'""' m. 1st, Eben Cross; 2d, John Mead. 

Lucy, b. 1799; d. 1878. 

Rebecca, b. 1802 ; m. Hon. John Sawyer. 

Laurinda, b. 1805; m. Dea. James Walker. 

Fannie W., b. 1807. 

Mary A., b. 1808; m. Daniel Cook. 

Fisher A., b. 1812. 

Eli Longley (2d gen.), who married first, Betsy Bar- 
ker ; second, Mrs. Laura McWain, was son of Eli Longley, 
and came with the family from Bolton, Mass., in 1789. He set- 
tled in the east part of the town, near the head of McWain's 
pond, and kept hotel. His second wife was widow of David 
McWain, and they resided on the old McWain place. 

Children : 

David M. W., m. . 

Thomas P. 
Elizabeth. 
Alvin. 

Jonathan Longley married Mary Osbournb. He came 
fi'om Stow, Mass. ; lived in south-west part of the town ; a 
farmer. 

Children : 
Thomas, m. in Greene. 
Abel, m. Anne Spurr. 
Nancy, m. Lewis Jewell. 
Jonathan, m. Lydia Robbins. 
James, m. Columba Hubbard. 
Ira. 

Abel Longley (2d gen.), who married Anne Spurr, was 
son of Jonathan Longley, and lived on the old place on the 
north side of " Perry hill." 



272 HISTORY OF WATERFORD. 

One child : 
Mary F., m. Charles Howe. 

Jonathan Longley married Susan Barker. He was 
brother to Eli ; lived in north-west part of the town, just south 
of "Bald Pate." He was from Stow, Mass. In 1817, he 
moved to Kentucky, with his numerous family. It is feared 
that they fell a prey to the Indians. He was noted as a singer, 
and for skill on the violin. He was long time the chorister ; 
he also taught music. 

Children: 
Susan. 
Silas. 
Frauklin. 
Lucy. 
Arlington. 
Betsy. 
Leonard. 
Two or tbi-ee others not remembered. 

McWAIN. 

David McWain married first, ; second, Laura 

WiLLARD. He removed from Bangor, N. Y., to Waterford, 
about the year 1824, to take the estate left hitn by his uncle, 
David McWain. He lost his first wife in New York. 

Children : 
Jane, m. Capt. Thomas Hapgood. 
William, m. Harriet Kilgore. 
David, m. in New York. 
Leavett, m. Rebecca Kilgore. 
Andrew. 

Angeliue, m. Marshall Sanderson. 
Almoda, m. Charles Sanderson, lawyer. 



I 



RECORD OF FAMILIES. 



273 



MONROE. 

William Monroe, Esq., bom 1779, married in 1798 Acii- 
SAH Sawyer, born 1778. Esquire Monroe and wife came to 
Waterford from Harvard, Mass., in 1802 ; and lived in the 
lower village. He was a tanner and currier by trade, also was 
town and civil magistrate. 

Children : 
William, m. Betsey Atherton. 
Achsah, m. Dea. Edward Carltou. 
Eliza, m. Nathan Barnard. 
Josiah, m. Jane Sawin. 
Eebecca. 

Merrick, m. 1st, Eunice Kennard ; 2d, Betsey Burke. 
John. 
Atherton. 

Daniel, m. 1st, Sarah A. Housen; 2d, Elizabeth Bent. 
Mary E., m. Daniel L. Millett. 
Calvin B. 

Mercy A., m. John Holt. 
Charles W., m. Abby Kimball. 
Kebecca. 

William Monroe (2d gen.), who married Betsey Ather- 
ton, was son of Maj. William Monroe, and has resided in sev- 
eral places in town ; a farmer. 

Children : 
William A., m. Harriet Fogg. 
Elizabeth, m. Jonathan R. Longley. 
James C, m. Catherine Morse. 
Nancy, m. Warren Bent. 
Joel A., m. Carrie Handy. 
Amanda M., m. John Shaw. 
Edward C, m. 1st, Combs ; 2d, . 

MOORE. 

Stephen Moore married Mille Davis in 1804. He came 
from Stow, Mass.; lived on the east side of " Rice Hill," in 
"Gambo;" a farmer; was remarkable for his height, six feet 
and six or seven inches. 



274 HISTORY OF WATERFORD. 

Children : 
Abel, ra. Sophia Brigham. 
Davis, drowned when young; 1817. 

Milton, married in Massachusetts, name not known to us. 
Luke, m. Polly Atherton. 
Cyrus, m. Hannah Upton. 
Rufus, m. Eunice Barker. 
Betsey. 
Jane. 

MORSE. 

William Moese married first, Ann Wheeler; second, 
Millie Kimball. He came to Waterford from Stow, Mass., 
and settled in the south part of the town. 

Children : 
William, m. Charlotte Jewell; inn-holder, South Waterford. 
Ann, m. Charles Dorr. 
Henry. 

Harriet, m. Howe. 

Albert, m. in New York (name not known.) 

Jane. 

Jonathan, m. Chloe Willard. 

Sarah. 

Major William Morse (2d gen.), born 1791, who married 
Charlotte Jewell, was son of William Morse, and came from 
Stow, Mass., with the family. He kept hotel in lower village. 

Children : 
William, b. 1816. 
Sarah, b. 1817. 
Catharine, b. 1820. 
George Bradley, b. 1823. 
Charlotte Matilda, m. Albert Stanwood. 

Jonathan Morse (2d gen.), who married Chloe Willard, 
was son of William Morse, sen., and came to Waterford with 
the family from Stow. He lived in different parts of the town ; 
was farmer and drover. 



EECOKD OP FAMILIES. 275 

Children : 
Charlotte, m. Charles Dorr. 
Granville, m. 1st, Sophronia Stone; 2d, Julia Stone. 

Sarah, m. 1st, Dorr; 2d, Jodonn. 

Six children died in infancy. 

MOULTON. 

JosiAH MouLTON, born 1776, married 1792 Mary , 

born 1776. 

Children : 
Sally, b. 1797. 

Lydia, b. 1799 ; m. John Silla. 
Josiah, b. 1801. 

NELSOK 

Moses Nelson married Hitta Pingree. Originally from 
Rowley, Mass.; they came from Harrison, Me., in 1817, and set- 
tled on Temple hill. 

Children : 
Jeremy, m. Deborah Wheeler. 
Oliver, m. Rebecca H. Anderson. 
Moses, m. Margarette Anderson. 
Joseph. 

Benjamin, m. Susan Fogg. 
Mehitable, m. Benjamin F. Smith. 
Joseph, m. Mary Weston. 
Chaplin, m. Emily Hicks. 

MosES Nelson (2d gen.), who married Margarette An- 
derson, lived on Temple hill, near Harrison ; a farmer. 

Children : 

George, m. . 

Sarah. 
Anne. 

Oliver Nelson (2d gen.), married Rebecca H. Anderson, 
and resided near Moses Nelson's, on Temple hill. No children. 



276 HISTORY OF WATEKFORD. 

NOURSE. 

Deacon John" Nourse, born 1740, married first, Hezediah 
Hapgood, born 1746; second, Sarah Sawyer, born 1753. He 
came from Bolton, Mass., in 1790 ; settled in Gambo district, 
north-east jjart of the town ; was chosen first deacon of Congre- 
gational church.^ 

Children : 
Samuel, m. Rebecca Moore. 
Mary, m. Jonas Hohnan. 
John, m. Hannah Whitcomb. 
Francis, m. Abigail Puffer. 

Moses, m. 1st, Mercy Hapgood ; 2d, Dolly Howard. 
Daniel. 
Judith. 

Lovina, m. Jonathan Whitcomb. 
Eunice. 
Sally. 
Eunice, 2d. 

1 1 have a letter from Rev. T. T. Stone, d.d., Bolton, Mass., giving 
some recollections of Deacons Nourse and Chamberlain, of so much 
interest, that I will make extracts from it. 

" Can you remember Deacons Nourse and Chamberlain as I do, sit- 
ting in the deacons' seat, under the pulpit of the old meeting-house? 
Deacon Nourse (the name used to be Nurse, no o in it,) was, I think, a 
native of Bolton, Mass. A nephew of his was for some time, in the 
same official relation to this (Bolton) church, as he was to that of Wa- 
terford. ... I have a very distinct remembrance of the Waterford 
deacon, and of his family, neighbors of my father. Of the more impor- 
tant qualities of deacon Nourse, I was too young when he died, to 
know much. But of some more superficial traits, I retain a clear rec- 
ollection. He was social in his habits, and loved to call on his neigh- 
bors, seeming to take great pleasure in telling stories. . . His stories 
were ratlier of the humorous kind . . than of the grave and serious 
order. So, indeed, his general cast was rather playful, than somber, 
though there was no doubt (that I am aware), of his essential earnest- 
ness. . . He died in the spring of 1819, of measles. 

Deacon Chamberlain was a nearer neighbor, and of quite different 
manners. His calls were seldom. He was not given to story-telling. 
He was comparatively reserved in conversation; was grave, not hu- 
morous, though without the sliglitest toucli of severity, or of affected 
solemnity. A man of real worth, without pretense, whose religion 
penetrated his character, but never displayed itself from his tongue. 
He seemed to my mind as one of tliose men whom we almost instinc- 
tively feel ourselves inclined to pronounce faultless. Deacon C. was 
uncle to Daniel Webster's first wife, Grace Fletcher. He once fold me 
that this niece of his used to say she would never marry a man who did 
not know more than she did. Probably the world would say she kept 
her resolution. 



KECOKD OF FAMILIES. 277 

Moses Nourse (2d gen.), who married first, Mercy Hap- 
good; second, Dolly Howard, was son of Deacon Nourse, 
and came with the family to Waterford, and resided near or 
with his father. 

Children : 
Nancy, b. 1809; m. Daniel Watson. 
Mercy, b. 1811. 

Dolly, b. 1812; m. Samuel C. Watson. 
Lovina, b. 1814. 
Mary, b. 1817. 
Daniel, b, 1818. 

Eliza, b. 1821 ; m. William C. Atberton. 
Matilda. 

John Nourse (2d gen.), married Hannah Whitcomb. He 
was son of Deacon Nourse, came with the family to Waterford, 
and lived on the east side of Rice hill. 

Children : 
Abel. 
Asenath, m. Thaddeus Brown, Esq. 

PAGE. 

Samuel Page married Betsey Davis. His was for a long 
time the only family at the " Corner," where the village at 
North Waterford now is. His house stood in the rear of Rice's 
hotel. He owned and run the mills ; moved to Windham 
some sixty years ago. 

Children : 
Enoch. 

Samuel, m. 1st, Lucy Grant ; 2d, Mary Rogers. 
Moses, m. 1st, Mary Brown ; 2d, Jane Demming. 
John, m. Rebecca Maybury. 



278 HISTORY OF WATERFORD. 

Hannah, m. Ezra Maybury. 
Betsey, m. Eli McDonald. 
Joan, m. Amos Knight. 
Lydia. 

PERKINS. 

John E. Perkins rnarried Bozwell. They were na- 
tives of Conway, N. H. Mr. Perkins was a carder and clothier 
by trade, and run the mills at the head of the island, near the 
saw-mill at North Waterford. 

Children : 
' William, m, Sarah Cotton. 
John, m. Margaret Cotton. 
Thomas, m. Jane Perkins. 

PERRY. 

Chandler Perry married Delight Morse. He came 
from Bethel, Maine, lived on a beautiful hill in the south-west 
part of the town ; was a farmer. 

Children : 
Thomas, m. Phebe Stone. 
Enoch, m. Eliza A. Hamlin. 
Catharine. 

Lewis, m. Priscilla Coolidge. 
John. 
Charles, m. Burnham. 

PIKE. 

Moses Pike came from York county about 1815, and lived 
in the west part of the town. 

Children : 
Nathaniel, m. Sally Shaw. 
John, m. 1st, in Boston ; 2d, E. Richardson. 
Elias, m. in Boston. 
Rachel, m. Isaac Whitcomb. 
Hiram. 



RECORD OF FAMILIES. 279 

Nathaniel Pike (2d gen.), son of Moses, born 1796, mar- 
ried Sally Shaw. Lived a farmer in West Waterford. 



Children : 



Sherman, b. 1821. 
John S., b. 1823. 
Lyman, b, 1826. 



PLUMMER. 

Jonathan Plumsier, born 1768, married Hannah Jewett, 
born 1776, daughter of Deacon Stephen Jewett. Mr. Plum- 
mer came from Rowley, Mass., resided in the Plummer neigh- 
borhood, so called, two miles north of the Flat, on the old 
road. He was entrusted with town business, and died at the 
age of eighty-seven. He was a farmer and mechanic. 

Children : 
Eliza, b. 1799. 

Stephen, b. 1801 ; m. Eleanor Horr. 
Ednah, b. 1804. 
Mark, b. 1811. 
Nancy. 

Samuel Plummer, born 1769, married in 1797 Elizabeth 
Jewett, born 1778, daughter of Deacon Stephen Jewett, Mr. 
Plummer came to Waterford from Rowley, Mass., about 1790 ; 
settled in the neighborhood bearing his name ; was a farmer 
and house carpenter ; held town office; had a fine voice for 
singing. Mrs. P. lived to the age of ninety-one. 

Children : 
Daniel, b. 1799 ; m. Emma Stone. 
Eben, b. 1801; m. 1st, Eliza Bryant; 2d, Julia Billings; 3d, Mary 

Knight. 
Samuel (Capt,),b. 1803; m. Jane Kimball. 



280 HISTORY OF WATERFORD. 

Cyrus, b. 1805 ; m. Harriet Barker. 
Elizabeth, b. 1808 ; m. Col. Thomas Treadwell. 
Sophia, b. 1811; m. Jotham Goodenow, (phys.) 
George W., b. 1814; m. Mary A. Houghton. 
Edwin, b. 1816; died young. 



Daniel Plummee (2d gen.), who married Emma Stone, 
was son of Samuel Plummer, and grandson of deacon Stephen 
Jewett. He lived where Joel S. Plummer now lives ; was often 
in town business. 

Children : 
Amanda, b. 1827 ; m. Gershom Hamblin. 
Frances, b. 1829. 

Thomas, b. 1831 ; m. Georgia Bolster. 
Joel S., b. 1832; m. Francis A. Wheeler. 
Edwin, b. 1836; died in the army. 
Nancy S., b. 1837; m. Gershom Hamblin. 
Daniel L., b. 1841. 
Mellen. b. 1851. 



JosiAH Plummee, born 1778, married Sally Lovejoy. He 
came from Rowley, Mass., and settled in the Plummer neigh- 
borhood ; was a farmer. 

Children : 
Sally, b. 1800 ; m. Daniel Young. 
Hannah, b. 1802 ; m. Nathaniel Young. 
Abigail, b. 1804; m. Caleb Rowe. 
Mary, b. 1806. 
Catharine, b. 1808. 
Josiah, b. 1811. 

Harriet, b. 1814 ; m. William Kingman. 
Josiah, m. Nancy Rand. 
Leander, m. 1st, Lucia Rowe; 2d, Louisa HoiT. 



RECORD OF FAMILIES. 281 

PRATT. 

Joseph Peatt, married Lucy S. Coolidge. He came from 
Harvard, Mass., in 1807 ; lived on the Flat, in the house now 
owned by Dr. Wilson ; was by trade a shoemaker. 



Children : 
Joseph W., b. 1810. 
Mary K, b. 1813. 
Lucy, b. 1814. 
EHza P., b. 1818. 



PRIDE. 

Beistjamin Pride married Berry. He came from West- 
brook in 1814 ; lived near the foot of Me Wain pond ; a farmer. 



Children : 
Eunice, m. David Gay. 

Nathaniel, m. Charlotte Brown ; was a Methodist preacher. 
Josiah, m. Sophia Fairbanks. 
Nancy, m. Benjamin Haskell. 
Benjamin, m. Sarah Whitcomb. 
Charles, m. in Turner ; name not given. 



PROCTOR. 

Benjamin Proctor married first, Hannah Gardiner ; sec- 
ond, Betsey Coffin. He came from Danvers, Mass., about the 
year 1805, lived a short time in Albany, near Lynch e's mills ; 
owned mills there, was a large land holder. He afterward 
lived in Waterford, on the place now owned by deacon Wil- 
liam W. Kilborne. 
19 



282 HISTORY OF WATERFORD. 

Children : 
Benjamin G., m. Hannah Nourse. 
Perley, m. Laura Harriman. 

John, m. 1st, Lucinda Stone ; 2d, Mary Shedd; 3d, Eliza Farrington. 
Daniel, resided in Massachusetts. 

Thomas, m. 1st. Delinda Coffin ; 2d, Annette A. Boswell. 
Sarah, m. Gardiner Martyn. 
Hannah G., m. Davis. 

John" Proctor (2d gen.), born 1794, wbo married first, Lu- 
cinda Stone; second, Mart Shedd; third, Eliza Farring- 
ton, was son of Benjamin Proctor, and resided half a mile east 
of the old Proctor place ; a farmer. 

Children : 
Mary A. W., b. 1820; m. James Shedd. 
Henry, b. 1822. 
Marcia G., b. 1824. 

Lucinda S., b. 1825; m. Hubbard Marston. 
Sarah, b. 1829; m. 1st, Charles Eastman; 2d, Trueman Crosby. 
Harriet M., b. 1835; m. Horace Hutchinson. 
Caroline, b. 1836; m. George O. Farmer. 
Henry, b. 1838; m. Eliza F. Knight. 
Lucy M., b. 1839; married Richard Parker. 
Daniel, b. 1841. 
Benjamin P., b. 1843 ; m. Laura Harriman. 

Thomas Proctoe (2d gen.), who married first, Belinda 
Coffin ; second, Annette A. Boswell, was son of Benjamin 
Proctor, and resided for some time with his father, afterward 
removed to the village. He was farmer and mechanic. 

Children : 
Sarah, b. 1824. 
William 0.,b. 1826. 
Charles E., b. 1829 ; m. in Massachusetts. 



RECORD OF FAMILIES. 

Elizabeth W., b. 1831. 

William P., b. 1833. 

Belinda A., b. 1837 ; m. Oliver McKeen. 

James L., b. 1841. 

Thomas L., b. 1842; m. Albra Bumpus. 

Almira F., b. 1845; m, John Holt, 

Lucy J., b. 1848; m. Frank Knight. 

Daniel. 

Alvira C, m. James Brown. 



JosiAH Proctor, born 1763, married Deborah Tuttle, 
born 1768. He came to Waterforcl about the year 1785, fol- 
lowed farming and the cooper's trade. He lived half a mile 
west of the old meeting-house. . 

Children : 

Mary T., m. Wales Jordan, 

Sarah G., m. James Jordan. 

Lydia P., m. Thomas J. Jordan. 

Stephen T., m. Susan M. Stone. 

Josiah, m, Rebecca Paine. 

John K., m. 1st, Phebe Paine ; 2d, Hannah C, Paine. 

Abigail W., m. George H. Kendrick. 



RICE. 

Ebeb Rice, born 1764, married Rebecca Gamwell. He 
came from Northboro, Mass., in 1785 ; was the seventh settler 
in town; lived on the place where his daughters Rachel and 
Sophia now reside. He was farmer, teacher, surveyor ; was 
long in town oflBce, was justice of the peace, and for years rep- 
resented the town in the legislatui-e of Massachusetts, before 
the separation, which he earnestly opposed. 



284 HISTORY OF WATERFOKD, 

Children : 

Betsey, b. 1790; m. Asa Foote. 

Ebor, b. 1792 ; m. Elizabeth G. Frye. 

Rachel, b. 1794. 

Otis, b. 1798. 

Samuel, b. 1802; m. 1st, Mary Bisbee; 2d, Barbara Burches; 3d, Jen- 

ney Lervey. 
Sophia, b. 1805. 

Eber Kick (2d gen.), born 1792, who married Elizabeth 
G. Fete, was son of Eber Rice, Esq., and resided one mile 
south oi' liis father; afterward settled near him on the old 
farm. 

Children : 

John F., m. Mary Ann Irish; is hotel keeper and stsge owner at 

North Waterford. 
Mary Anu. 

Sarah E., ra. Henry Millett. 
William R. , m. Maria Steadman, 
Louisa, n). .Joseph L. Rand. 
Charles, m. Elizabeth Green. 
George B., m. Harriet Marsh. 

RIPLEY. 

Rev. Lincoln Riplet, born 1761, married about 1798 Phe- 
BE Emerson, of Concord, Mass. Mr. Ripley graduated at 
Dartmouth College in 1796 ; was the first pastor in town ; set- 
tled in 1799. He lived just south of the old meeting-house, 
where, on cold winter Sabbaths, his house was crowded during 
recess, and the open fire supplied foot-stoves for the mothers 
and sisters, in the cold church. In summer, the toell, with 
" oaken bucket " and tin dipper, was always at the service of 
the people, who crowded around it on the Sabbath. Mr. Rip- 
ley had no children, but adopted Martha Bliss, Ann S. Sargent, 



RECORD OF FAMILIES. 285 

Martha Robinson (who took care of him through his length- 
ened life), and Noah Ripley, who, with his wife and three chil- 
dren, was drowned in the Bay of San Francisco. Mr. Ripley 
died at the age of ninety-seven, respected and beloved by all 
who had ever known him. He died at the house of Stephen 
Plummer, where he had lived for several years. 



ROBBINS. 
JoN-ATHAisr RoBBiNS, bom 1749, married Catharine Max- 
well, born 1743. He came from Stow, Mass., made his farm 
on the south spur of Mt. Tirem ; was one of the first settlers. 



James RoBBms, born 1767, married Delight Gilbert, born 
in Sharon, Mass., 1770. They came from Watertown, Mass., 
in 1798, and resided during most of their life in the south-west 
part of the town. 

Children : 
Lydia, b. 1799 ; m. Jonathan Longley. 
Delight, b. 1801. 
Alonzo, b. 1802; m. 1st, Cynthia Willard; 2d, Sarah Kimball; 3d, 

Sophia "Willard. 
Harriet, b. 1805; m. Tilden HamUn. 
James, b. 1809. 

Josiah, b. 1811 ; m. Ellen Brown. 
Elizabeth, b. 1816; m. L. H. Houghton. 



ROUNDS. 

Nathaniel Rounds, born 1799, married in 1822 Betsey 
Brown. Capt. Rounds moved from Buxton, Maine, to Water- 
ford, in 1816 ; died in 1868. He resided in the lower village ; 
was a skilled blacksmith. 



286 "history of waterford. 

Children : 
Jane, b. 1822; m. Calvin M. FoUett. 
Edwin, b. 1827; m. Maria Jordan. 
Cyrus, b. 1829; died 1833. 

Charles C, b. 1831; m. Kate N. Stowell. Is Principal of State Nor- 
mal School, at -Farmington. 
Harriet, b. 1834. 
Harriet E., b. 1835. 
Rowena, b. 1839. 
Christiana, b. 1842. 

RUSSELL. 

James Russell, born 1777, married 1804 Dolly Russell, 
born 1784. They moved from Andover, Mass., their birth- 
place, to Albany, Maine, afterward, in 1817, to Waterford, He 
was proprietor of the mills located near the village in North 
Waterford. His was then the only family, where the village 
now stands. He afterward removed to West Bethel. 

Children : 
Dolly, b. 1805. 
James, b. 1807. 

Lydia A. , b. 1808 ; m. 1st, Moses Gould, m.d. ; 2d, Dea. Leonard Grover. 
Dolly, b. 1811. 
Daniel G., b. 1813. 

Jacob, b. 1816; m. McElvane. 

Henry J., b. 1818; m. Margarette Upperman. 
Charles, b. 1820; (m.d.) m. Asenath Willis. 
Joel, b. 1822 ; m. Caroline Bartlett. 
"Warren F., b. 1825. 
Melvina, b. 1828. 



SAMPSON. 

Benjamin Sampson, born 1769, married Mollt , born 

1763. He came from Bolton, Mass.; first lived on a small lot 
north of Daniel Chaplin ; sold goods on a small scale ; then 



KECORD OF FAMILIES. 287 

moved within half a mile of Page's mills (village). He was 
skilled with the gun, trap, and fish pole, and was sexton in 
North Waterford for more than half a century. 

Children : 
Abigail, b. 1793. 
Polly, b. 1796. 
Betsey. 

Nancy, b. 1798; m. Simeon Farmer 
Isabella, b. 1802. 
Amos, b. 1805. 

Samuel Sampson, born 1766, married first, Kirza , 

born 1768 ; second, Mary Farn"sworth. He settled on the 
place where the late Daniel Pluramer lived. He did not long 
remain in town ; was a farmer, and a cooper by trade. 

Children : 
Polly, b. 1785; m. Eben Watson. 
Sally, b. 1787; m. Paul Whitcomb. 
Emery, b. 1791 ; m. in New York. 
Eunice, b. 1796. 
Josiah, b. 1798. 
Eosamond, b. 1801. 
David, b. 1803. 
Keziah and Samuel, b. 1806. 

SANDERSON. 

Stephen Sanderson, born 1758, married Mart Dudley, 
born 1760. He came from Littleton, Mass., in 1788 ; settled 
in the south-west part of the town, near Sweden. 

Children : 
Mary, b. 1782 ; m. Sullivan Jones, 
Eebecca, b. 1785 ; m. Simeon Hayward. 

Stephen, b. 1787; m. Abigail Barnard; was a Methodist, afterward, a 
Congregational, preacher. 



288 HISTORY OF WATERFORD. 

Joseph, b. 1789; m. Mary Bryant; the first couple married, where 
both were born in town. 

John (Col.), b. 1792; m. Betsey Bryant. 

Sarah, b. 1796 ; m. Rev. John Adams, a Methodist preacher. 

Moses, b. 1799; m. Jane Randall; also a Methodist preacher. 

Aaron, m. Catharine Howard; was a Methodist preacher and presid- 
ing elder. 



SAUNDERS. 

EzEKiEL Saunders, born 1768, married Maey Todd, born 
1771 ; had no children. Came from Rowley, Mass., lived in 
the Plummer neighborhood ; was a farmer. He belonged to 
the Baptist church. 



Joshua Saunders married in 1792 Elizabeth Stickney. 
They moved to Waterford, from Rowley, Mass., and settled in 
the north part of the town, upon the place now owned by 
Joshua Saunders. Mr. S. died in 1797. After his death Mrs. 
S. married Joseph Farrington. 

Children : 
Amos, b. 1793; m. Silvia Stone. 
Betsey, b. 1795 ; died 1852 ; was a teacher. 
Samuels. (Famngton), b. 1803; m. Eunice W. Farley, of Ipswich, 

Mass., where they resided several years; then removed to St. 

Louis, Mo., where he did an extensive and prosperous business. 



Amos Saunders (2d gen.), married in 1824 Silvia Stone. 
He was son of Joshua, and succeeded his father on the farm in 
North Waterford ; was also engaged in lumber business. He 
died in 1876. 



RECORD OF FAMILIES. 289 

Children : 
Joshua, m. Mary Ann Kilborne, 
Catharine, m. James Chadbourne. 
Elizabeth, resides in Lowell, Mass. 
Theodore S., m. Elizabeth Pluramer. 
Maria, m. Deacon William W. Kilborne. 

Humphrey Saunders, born 1771, married first, Jane 
Wright, born 1765; second, Rebecca Chamberlain. He came 
from Rowley, Mass., settled in North Waterford, near Lovell, 
as a farmer. He died in Sweden. 

Children : 
Humphrey (deacon), m. Araminta Dresser. 
David, had various ingenuity ; lived at home. 
Martha, m. Daniel Smith. 

Samuel Saunders, born 1776, married 1802 Esther Tread- 
well, born 1778. He came from Rowley, Mass., with several 
brothers, and settled in the Plumraer neighborhood ; a farmer. 
He removed to Westbrook (Woodford's Corner), in 1819, and 
kept public house. He was prominent in the Baptist denomina- 
tion ; died aged seventy-nine ; his wife aged ninety-five. 

Children : 
Hannah, b. 1803; m. Simeon Hersey. 
Thomas, b. 1804. 
Joshua, b. 1807 ; m. Jane Rogers. 
Samuel, b. 1810 ; was drowned in 1818. 
Jane, b. 1815. 

SAWIN. 

Gen. Benjamin Sawin, born 1748, married 1772 Martha 
Howe, born 1751. He was one of the early settlers ; lived on 
the old road from North Waterford to Albany, near the town 
line. He was a farmer ; died 1817. 



290 • HISTORY OF WATERFORD. 

Children : 
Martha, d. 1831. 
William, m. Betsey Temple. 
Dorothy, m. Thomas Wood. 
Benjamin, m. Betsey Thayer. 
Phebe, m. Lewis Holden. 
Henry, m. Hannah Johnson. 
Thomas, m. Sally Johnson. 



William Sawin (2d gen.), who married Betsey Temple, 
was son of Benjamin Sawin. He kept hotel on the Flat, was 
for a long time stage owner, and driver from Waterford to 
Portland. 

Children : 
Betsey, b. 1797; m. Sprout Hapgood. 

Phebe, b. 1798; m. 1st, Josiah Brown; 2d, Ballard. 

William, b. 1800. 

Julia, b. 1802 ; m. John Strickland. 

Harriet, b. 1805 ; m. Folsom. 

Lyman, b. 1806. 

Jabez, b. 1808 ; m. in Augusta. 

Mary A., b. 1810. 

Mary A., b. 1811. 

Jane, b. 1813; m. 1st, William Hoyt; 2d, Josiah Monroe, Esq. 

Lydia, b. 1816. 

Nancy W., b. 1819; m. John Gerry, Esq. 



Henet Sawin (2d gen.), who married Hannah Johnson, 
was son of Gen. Benjamin Sawin, and resided on the old place, 
near Albany. 

Children : 
Martha, b. 1815; m. Charles W. Whitney. 
Clarissa, b. 1818. 
Caroline, b. 1819. 



RECORD OF FAMILIES. 291 

SHAW. 
Rev. Josiah Shaw, born 1773, married first, 1795 Sarah 
Poor, born 1777, of Brownfield, Maine ; second, Betsey Has- 
kell, born 1789, in Harvard, Mass. Mr, Shaw moved from 
Standish, Maine, in 1795. He resided in West Waterford, 
where his son James M. Shaw now lives. Was originally a 
farmer ; became a Methodist clergyman, and was honored as a 
preacher. He represented the town in constitutional conven- 
tion and general court. 

Children : 
Polly, b. 1795; m. Benjamin Hale. 
Josiah, b. 1797 ; m. in Standish ; d. 1842. 
John, b. 1800; was a Methodist preacher; d. 1825. 
Sally, b. 1801 ; m. Nathaniel Pike ; d. 1828. 
Anne, b. 1804; m. Solomon Noble; d. 1869. 
Joseph, b. 1807 ; m. Abby Willard ; d. 1862. 
Rachel, b. 1810 ; m. John D. Gossum. 

James M., b. 1817; m. 1st, Elvira Noble; 2d, Esther J. Hall; 3d, Har- 
riet U. Stone. 



STEVENS. 

Jonas Stevens, born 1785, married 1810 Sally Sprague, 
born 1792. He lived half a mile above the Flat; was a farmer. 

Children ; 
William, m. Martha Seavey. 
Ardelia, m. Moses Seavey. 
Sally, m. George Chadwick. 
Betsey, m. Alvah Holden. 
Mary, m. Thomas Taylor. 
Susan, m. Alphonzo Goddard. 
Emily, m. Marshal Barnes. 
Charles, died in the late war. 

Augustus, m. . 

James A., m. Sarah Wheeler. 



292 HISTORY OF WATERFORD. 

STONE. 

Jonathan Stone married Susanna Moore. He removed 
to Waterford about 1796, and settled south of Tom jjond, where 
Samuel Warren now lives. He came from Groton, Mass. 

Children : 
Jonathan, m. Catherine Willard. 
Solomon, m. Hepzibah Treadwell. 
Moses, m. 1st, Polly Hamlin ; 2d, Ruth Porter. 
Oliver, m. Sally Jewell. 
Simeon, 
Susan, m, Africa Hamlin. 

Jonathan Stone (2d gen.), who married Catherine Wil- 
lard, came from Harvard, Mass., with the family, and resided 
on the old place. 

Children : 
Theodore, m. 1st, Elsie Stone ; 2d, Almira Hamlin. 
Silvia, m. Amos Saunders. 
William, m. Susan Hamlin. 

Maj. Theodore Stone (3d gen.), who married first, Elsie 
Stone ; second, Almira Hamlin, was son of Jonathan Stone j 
lived on the home place, and afterward, just east of Tom pond. 

Children : 
Sophronia. 

Catharine, m. 1st. Albion K. P. Dunham ; 2d, Merrill. 

Sophronia W., m. Granville Morse. 
Mary. 

Moses Stone (2d gen.), who married first, Polly Hamlin ; 
second, Ruth Porter, was son of Jonathan Stone. He came 
from Groton, Mass., and resided where Sumner Stone now lives; 
a farmer. 



RECORD OF FAMILIES. 293 

Children : 

Elsie, b. 1790; m. Maj. Theodore Stone. 

Hannibal, b. 1792. 

Polly, b. 1794; m. Charles Billings. 

Amanda, b. 1795. 

David P., b. 1796. 

Jonathan, b. 1797 ; a lawyer. 

Rufus, b. 1800. 

Sumner, b. 1802 ; m. 1st, Catherine Hobson ; 2d, Martha Frost. 

Luther, b. 1805. 

Calvin, b. 1807 ; m. Katy Knight. 

Henry, b. 1809; m. Haskell. 

Oliver Stone (2d gen.), who married Sally Jewell, 
was son of Jonathan Stone, senior ; came to Waterford, with 
the family, from Groton, Mass., and lived near where Samuel 
Warren now resides ; was a farmer. 

Children : 

Alonzo, m. Sally Watson. 

Daphne. 

lO^ra, m. .Tulia Barker. 

Samuel, m. Adelaide Jones. 

Lewis. 

Oliver. 

Sarah A., m. Simon Watson. 

Daphne. 

Leander G. 

Dea. Solomon Stone (2d gen.), who married Hepzibah 
Teeadwell, was son of Jonathan Stone. He came from Gro- 
ton, Mass., with the family, and resided on Stone hill, in Gara- 
bo district ; a farmer. 

Children : 

Solomon, b. 1797 ; m. Eunice Edwards. 
Thomas T., d.d., b. 1799; m. Laura Poor. 
Susan M., b. 1806; m. Stephen Proctor. 



294 HISTOKT OF WATERFORD. 

Solomon Stone (3d gen.), who married Eunice Edwaeds, 
was son of Deacon Solomon Stone, and lived on a part of the 
old place ; a farmer. 

Children : 

Mary Jane, m. Geo. W. Pattee. 

Abby, m. Andrew J. Pattee. 

Laura. 

Ellen, m. 1st, .James Jordan; 2d, Joseph Small. 

Joel Stone, born 1766, married Lucinda Parkhurst, born 
1772. He resided in the Gambo district; a former. 

Children : 

Lucinda, b. 1796 ; m. John Proctor. 
Eber, b. 1797 ; m. Nancy Atherton. 
Nancy, b. 1800; was a teacher. 
Emma, b. 1803 ; m. Daniel Plummer. 
Sarah, b. 1806; m. Moses Young. 

Eber Stone (2d gen.), who married Nancy Atherton, 
lived on the home place. 

Children : 

Augusta, m. Joel Stone. 
Oscar, m. Mary Kenney. 
Moody K., m. Maria Merrill. 
Joel A., m. Anuice McEUory. 
Nancy, m. Henry Danley. 
William, m. Elizabeth H. Wilkins. 
Walter, died in the war. 

David Stone married Lucy W. Sampson. He came from 
Harvard, Mass., in 1796, and lived in the west part of the 
town, near Sweden. 



RECORD OF FAMILIES. 295 

Children : 
Susan W., m. Deacon Aaron Cummings ; no children. 
Joseph, m, Mary Bridge ; eight children. 
James (deacon), m. Harriet Holden; seven children. 
Rebecca, m. Jeremiah Hale ; three children. 
David S., m. Eliza Walker; six children. 
Hiram, m. Polly Wheeler ; four childi-en. 
Lorenzo, m. Jemima Tubbs ; two children. 
Lydia R., m. William Foster ; three children. 
Henry M., m. Elizabeth Forsythe; two children. 
Thomas S., m. Sarah Tread well. 



SWAN. 

DuDLET Swan, born 1774, married first, Sally Gbeen, 
born 1777 ; second, Mrs. Sarah Lang. He came from Bethel, 
Maine, and resided in the north part of the town, near Lovell 5 
was a cooper and farmer. 

Children : 

Betsey, b. 1797. 

Daniel, b. 1799 ; m. Annette Farrar. 

Caleb, b. 1800. 

Dolly, b. 1802. 

Sarah, b. 1804. 

Abel, b. 1807 ; m. Betsey Swan. 

Joseph, b. 1809. 

Thomas, 1 , lom. m. Eliza Sanderson. 
Lydia, Jo-l»10' 

Mary, b. 1814. 

Caleb P., b. 1823. 

Charles D. 



THOMPSON. 

Edward Thompson married Collet. He came from 

Shelburne, N. H.; resided in several places in town. 



296 HISTORY OF WATERFORD. 

Children : 
Joseph M., m. Catharine Whitney. 
James, m. in New Gloucester. 
Greenleaf, died at sea. 
Edward Castor, m. Caroline S. Sampson. 
Elizabeth S., m. Alvin C. Shaw. 



Joseph M. Thompson (2d gen,), born 1804, who mariied in 
1825 Catherine Whitney, born 1804, was from Gray. His 
father removed to Waterford, and apprenticed him to the 
blacksmith trade, in which he excelled. He early left that busi- 
ness, and kept hotel ; first, in New Gloucester, then was pro- 
prietor of the Casco House, Portland ; was city marshal. Af- 
terward, he was proprietor of the Glen House, Gorham, N. H., 
a favorite resort for travelers and boarders, and was one of 
the best kept houses in the country. 

Children : 
Caroline E., m. Joseph R. Lufkin. 
Abram W., m. Frances E. Stevens. 
Charles M., m. Annette E. Eastman. 
Harriet N., m. Stephen H. Ciunmiugs. 
George F. 



TREAD WELL. 

Mrs. Thomas Trbadwell came to Waterford with her 
family from Littleton, Mass. She was born in 1742, died in 
1839, at about the age of ninety-seven. Her husband, Thomas 
Treadwell, was a soldier in the Revolution. After his death, 
with characteristic fortitude and heroism, Mi-s. Treadwell came 
with her family to this then wilderness ; was a woman of great 
force of character. 



RECORD OF FAMILIES. 297 



Children : 
Hepzibah, m. Deacon Solomon Stone. 

Hannah, m. Farnsworth. 

Moses (deacon), m. Jane Hawes. 
Esther, m. Samuel Saunders. 
Sally, m. Gen. John Perley. 



Deacon Moses Treadwell (2d gen.), married Jane Hawes. 
He was the son of Thomas Treadwell, and came with his 
mother to Waterford after the Revolution. He lived in the 
Plummer district, and served as captain, in the defense of Port- 
land, in the war of 1814. 

Children : 
Jane, b. 1806; m. Deacon Asa Gould. 

Thomas (Col.), b. 1807; m. 1st, Elizabeth Plummer; 2d, Sarah Whit- 
comb. 
Maria, b. 1809. 

Mary H., m. 1st, Elijah Holt; 2d, Joseph Kellogg. 
Sarah P., b. 1816; m. Thomas S. Stone. 
Samuel, b. 1818. 
William H., b. 1822; m. in Boston. 



WALKER. 

Dr Young Walker married Mrs. Mercy Crombie, widovr 
of Dr. Samuel Crombie. He resided between the two villages, 
west of Tom pond. He had natural and acquired qualifica- 
tions for eminence in his profession. 

Children : 
Jane, m. Stephen Ball. 
William. 

20 



298 HISTORY OF WATERFORD. 

WARREN. 

Abijah Warren, born 1770, married in 1801 Lydia Saun- 
ders, born 1776, He came from Harvard, Mass., about 1798 ; 
lived in North Waterford, west of Beech hill. Was teacher of 
common schools, and of music ; also a farmer. 

Children : 
Betsey, b. 1799. 
John C, b. 1816; m. Elizabeth Brown. 

Maj. Samuel Warren, born 1766, married in 1794 Polly 
Green, born 1772. He came to Waterford in 1786. He 
lived where Daniel Warren now resides ; he was farmer, cooper 
and brick layer, and dealt in timber. 

Children : 
Perley, b. 1795 ; served in the war of 1814 ; afterward traded on the 

Flat; died 1825. 
Mary, b. 1797 ; m. Deacon Amos Gage. 
Sarah, b. 1799 ; died 1821. 
William, b. 1801 ; died in infancy. 
Lydia, b. 1803 ; m. Capt. Thomas Kilborne. 
William (Rev.), b. 1806; m. Mary H. Lamson. 
Daniel, b." 1808 ; lives on the home place. 
Eliza, b. 1812; died young. 
Samuel, b. 1815; m. Irene B. Gage. 
Mary G. Swan, a niece, b. 1814 ; resided in the family till her death 

in 1842. 



Deacon William Warren, born 1774, married first, Dor- 
OTHA Green ; second, Ruth Kilborne ; third, Sarah Allen. 
He came from Harvard, Mass., about 1794, an invalid ; had 
no children ; lived in North Waterford ; a farmer and cabinet 
maker. His apprentices were Abel Houghton, Josiah Hough- 
ton (afterward a Baptist clergyman), Josiah Moulton, Stephen 



I 



RECORD OF FAMILIES. 299 

Eastman (deacon), Nathaniel Lovejoy, Abiel Whiting, Jacob 
H. Green, William W. Green, who had large influence in 
building up the village at North Waterford, also in building 
the house of worship, and in sustaining preaching there. 

Capt. Petee Waeren married for his second wife Eunice 
LiBBEY. He was successor to Eli Longley in the tavern on 
the Flat; came to town about 1818, from Portland, whei-e he 
had reared a family from his first marriage, an account of which 
we have not obtained. From the second marriage, there were 
Ann and Eliza. They removed to the South, and we have no 
further knowledge of them. 



WATSON. 

Eliphalet Waxson, born 1759, married Zipporah Par- 
tridge, born 1757. 

Children : 
Eben, b. 1783 ; m. Polly Sampson. 
Rhoda, b. 1791. 
Rebecca, b. 1795. 

Eben Watson (2d gen.), who married Polly Sampson, 
lived in different places in town ; was a farmer by occupation. 

Children: 
Sally, m. Alonzo StoEe. 
Samuel S., m. Harriet Anthoine. 
Mary, m. 1st. Abner F. Knight ; 2d, Eben Plummer. 
Simon N., m. Sarah Stone. 

Coleman Watson, born 1751, married Patience Thomes 
born 1748. He came from Buxton, Maine, in 1795, lived in 
Gambo district ; a farmer. 



300 HISTORY OF WATERFOKD. 

Children : 
Mercy, b. 1774 ; m. Abel Knight. 
Stephen, b. 1776 ; m. Hannah Nourse. 
Hannah, b. 1778; m. Samuel Scribner. 
Isaac, b. 1779; m. Deborah Sampson. 
John, b. 1781 ; m. Polly Bangs. 
Eunice, b. 1783 ; m. Eben Bisbee. 
James, b. 1785; m. in Massachusetts. 
Edmund, b. 1797; m. Hepzibah Flint. 

Isaac Watson (2d gen.), who married Deborah Sampson 
was son of Coleman Watson. He came with the family from 
Buxton, Maine, at the age of fourteen, and resided in the 
Gambo district ; a farmer. 

Children : 
James S., m. Mary WiUiams. 
Daniel T., m. 1st, Nancy Nom-se; 2d, Mary Tidd. 
Samuel C, m. Dolly Nourse. 
Ansel L., m. Mahala Casely. 
Mercy, m. WilUam Merrill. 
Olive, m. Joel S. Kimball. 
Christopher. 
Eliza, m. Amos Flint. 
Lincoln R., m. Persis Mitchell. , 

Nancy S., m. Gushing L. Mitchell. 
Alice S. 

Stephen Watson (2d gen.), who married Hannah 
Nourse, came fi*om Buxton, Maine, and lived in the east part 
of the town. 

Children : 
Lois, m. Justus Lowe. 
Mary. 

John, m\ Eliza Peabody. 
William, m. Elmira Lary. 
1st, m. Abel, Susan Homes ; 2d, Cordelia Burbank. 



RECORD OF FAMILIES. 301 

WHEELER. 

Samuel Wheeler married Polly Longley. He came 
from Stow, Mass., and resided in West Waterford ; was a 
farmer by occupation. 

Children : 
Polly, b. 1803; m. Hiram Stone. 
Harriet, b. 1806 ; m. Nathaniel Rollins. 
Lucy L., b. 1809; m. E. Maxfield. 

Sophia, b. 1814; m. 1st, James Dingley; 2d, Langley. 

Elizabeth, b. 1821 ; m. James Whitcomb. 

George Wheeler, born 1781, married Asenath Kimball. 
He came from Stow, Mass., and resided on the Flat, where he 
died. His widow married a Mr. Bradbury. 

Children : 
George F., b. 1810; m. Caroline Billings. 
Calvin, b. 1811. 
Mary A., b. 1813. 

WHITCOMB. 

Abraham Whitcomb, born 1765, married Sally Atherton. 
He was from Harvard, Mass.; settled in West Waterford in 
1800, near " Duck pond," afterward, on the south-west side of 
"Beech hill." 

Children : 
Abraham, m. Ist, Betsey Houghton ; 2d, Mary E. Horr. 
Sarah. 

Isaac, m. Rachel Pike. 
Joel. 

Calvin, m. Louisa Houghton. 
William, m. Mary A. Harris. 
Polly, m. Ai Burnham. 
Sally. 
Betsey, m. Robert Barstow. 



302 HISTORY OF WATERFORD. 

Abraham Whitcomb (2d gen.), married first, Betsey 
Houghton; second, Mary E. Horb. He was son of Abra- 
ham Whitcomb, and settled with his father on the south side 
of " Beech hill." 

Children : 
John, b. 1819; m. 1st, Sarah B. Hamlin; 2d, Etta H. Kneeland. 
Eliza, b. 1822 ; m. 1st, Stephen Sanderson ; 2d, Milton Jewett. 
Elona. 

Isaac Whitcomb (2d gen.), married Rachel Pike. He 
was son of Abraham, senior, and was settled in the same 
neighborhood, West Waterford ; a farmer. 

Children : 
Melville, m. Lucia Plummer. 
Mary Ann. 
Marcellus, m. Ellen Fiske. 

David Whitcomb, born 1764, married AIary Eaton, born 
1776. He came to Waterford from Bolton, Mass., and settled 
in the south part of the town ; a farmer. 

Children : 

Betsey. 

Sallie, 1 , . 

Polly, ) twins; m. Darius Wilkins. 

David, m. Lavinia Piper. 

Ephraim, m. Eliza Merrill. 

Mercy. 

WilUam. 

Rebecca, m. Andrew Maybury. 

Paul Whitcomb, born 1778, married in 1806 Sally Samp- 
son, born 1788. He came from Bolton, Mass., and lived in the 
south-west corner of the town, near Sweden, to which place 
he afterward removed. He was a farmer and joiner, and in 
Sweden, was proprietor of mills. 



RECORD OF FAMILIES. 303 

Children : 
Elmina, m. John Nevers. 
Sarah, m. Col. Thomas Treadwell. 
Mercy, m. Luke Sawyer. 
Mary F. 

Ephraim O., m. Eliza P. Richardson ; was a Methodist preacher. 
Eliza W., m. Eben P. Hinkley. 

Rebecca A., m. 1st, George Billings; 2d, Jonas Davis. 
Caroline, m. P. T. Kimball. 
William E., m. Elizabeth C. Wentworth. 

Valentine, m. 1st, Alice ; 2d, Nancy A. Mack. 

Emehne, m. 1st, Henry S. Fogg ; 2d, James A. Borden. 
Susan. 

WHITMAN. 
Chaeles Whitman, Esq., born 1792, married in 1838 Rowe- 
NA Coffin. Mr. Whitman was a lawyer; came fi'om Portland, 
and opened a law office here in 1817. He removed to Wash- 
ington, D. C, in 1837, where he died in 1850. He was a pub- 
lic-spirited man, and was much in town business. 

Children : 
Charles Sidney, b. 1840 ; m. N. De S. Bostick, lawyer. 
Elizabeth Smith, b. 1841 ; died 1864. 
Margaret McLellan, b. 1844 ; died 1845. 
Louisa, b. 1847. 
Lucia, b. 1848; m. Charles P. Russell, merchant 



WHITNEY. 

Abeam Whitney, born 1754, married first, Hittt Ware, 
born 1759 ; second, Sarah Whitman, born 1760 ; third, Cath- 
erine Wood, born 1766 ; fourth, Mrs. Sarah Conant Jew- 
ell, born 1762. Mr. W. moved from Stow, Mass.; was high 
sheriff of Middlesex county, came to Waterford in 1805, lived 
in the lower village ; was engaged in mills. 



304 HISTORY OF WATERFORD. 

Children : 
Sally, m. Bancroft Williams. 
Abigail, m. James Williams, 
Lucy. 
John. 

Jonathan, m. Abigail Brooks. 
Catherine, m. Joseph M. Thompson. 
Abram, m. Mary A. Hopkins. 
Christopher, m. Dolly Brooks. 



WILKINS. 

John" Wilkins, who married Abigail Kimball, removed 
from Massachusetts, and resided on Temple hill ; a farmer. 

Children : 
John. 

John, m. Lydia Hamlin. 
Abigail, m. Levi Whitney. 
Laurinda, m. Stephen Lovejoy. 
William K., m. Lorania Lovejoy. 
Emerson, m. 1st, Rhoda Nutting; 2d, Algela Brown. 
Augustus, m. Sarah Lowell. 
Samuel N., m. Christiana Hobbs. 
Eliza A., m. Otis Trafton. 
Calvin. 
Harriet, m. Josiah Lovejoy. 

John Wilkins (2d gen. and 3d gen. from Isaac Kimball), 
who married Lydia Hamlin, was son of John Wilkins, and 
resided first on Temple hill, then in Harrison, finally on the 
Flat in Waterford. 

Children : 
Susan H., teacher in Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Eliza H., m. 1st, William Stone; 2d, Fred. M. Atherton. 



RECORD OF FAMILIES. 305 

WILLARD. 

Barzilla Willard, born 1751, married in 1777 Sylvia 
Kingman, born 1754. He moved from Harvard, Mass., to 
Waterford, in 1805, and settled on a farm in the south-west 
part of the town. He died in 1831, aged eighty. His wife, 
born in Bridgewater, Mass., died at the age of ninety-one. 

Children : 

Lewis, b. 1782; m. 1st, Mary Plaisted; 2d, Mary Moulton. 

Catharine, b. 1784; m. Joseph Green. 

Ira, b. 1785 ; died 1868. 

Fanny, b. 1788 ; m. Ephraim Hapgood. 

Chloe, b. 1790 ; m. Jonathan Morse. 

William (Capt.), b. 1793; m. Jael Prince. 

Sophia, b. 1796; m. Alonzo Robbins. 

Also two infants ; the children were all born in Harvard. 



Lewis Willard (2d gen.), born 1782, who married in 1807, 
Widow Mary Moulton, was son of Barzilla Willard, and came 
with the family to Waterford, from Harvard, Mass., in 1805. 
He lived in the west jDart of the town ; a farmer; died 1851. 

Children : 
Mary, b. 1807 ; m. Oliver Atherson. 
Abigail, b. 1809 ; m. Joseph Shaw. 
Catharine, b. 1811; m. Carter Holt. 
Eben, b. 1813; m. 1st, Hannah Barker; 2d, Mary Barker. 
Josiah, b. 1815 ; m. 1st, Mary Noble ; 2d, Louisa Bell. 
Jane, b. 1818 ; m. Eben Bell. 
Ehza, b. 1820 ; m. John Pike. 

Capt. William Willard (2d gen.), who married Jael 
Prince, was son of Barzilla Willard, lived in the lower village, 
was a harness maker, and carriage trimmer. He afterward kept 
hotel in Westbrook, Maine. 



306 HISTORY OF WATERFOED. 

Children : 
Elizabeth. 

Leander G., b. 1818; m. Eliza Hougliton. 
Alexander, b. 1820. 

Albion Sbenstone, b. 1822 ; m. in Massachusetts. 
Marietta L., b. 1824; m. in Massachusetts. 
Ellen, b. 1826; m. George Lilly, in Massachusetts. 
Matilda, b. 1828 ; m. George Libby. 

WOOD. 

Daniel Wood married Bethiah Gates. He lived in the 
Gambo district ; a fanner. 

Children : 
Susan, b. 1799; m. Samuel Pike. 

Bowdoin, b. 1800; m. 1st, Lucretia Fairbanks ; 2d, Lucretia Richards. 
Sally, b. 1802; m. Jacob Gilson. 
Mary, b. 1804 ; m. Jonathan Martin. 
Amelia, b. 1806 ; m. Nathaniel Horr. 
CaHsta, b. 1809; m. William Foster. 
Charlotte, b. 1813; m. Eli Merrill. 
Harriet D., b. 1815. 



WRIGHT. 
James Wright married Mary — 



Children : 
Richard, b. 1781. 

Mary, b. 1783; m. Humphrey Saunders. 
Martha, b. 1786. 
Rachel, b. 1793. 

Dorcas, b, 1795; m. William Nevers. 
Betsey M., b. 1804. 

Eliza, b. 1805; m. Sylvester. 

Betsey M., b. 1809. 



RECORD OF FAMILIES. 307 

YOUNG. 

Capt. Moses Young, born 1803, married Sarah Stone, 
born 1805. He came from Fryeburg, Maine, about the year 
1824 ; settled in North Waterford, wliere the village now is ; 
afterward, South Waterford, where Mrs. Young now lives. 

Children : 
Charles, m. Harriet Kilgore. 
Maria, m. Icbabod Hayes. 
Henry, m. Ella Abbott. 
Amanda M., m. Stephen Caswell. 
Abbie, m. Henry H. Savage. 



Some families, whose records were not obtained till after the 
foregoing was in press, as follows : 

FARMER. 

Simeon Farmer married Nancy Sampson. They came 
from Massachusetts. He was sexton in North Waterford for 
many years ; resided on the Benjamin Sampson place. 

Children : 
Mary Jane, m. in Massachusetts. 
Eliza. 
Amos. 
George O., m. Caroline Proctor. 

KILGORE. 

Benjamin Kilgore married Ruth Hazelton, and moved 
to Waterford, with their family, from Fryeburg, about the year 
1800, and settled in the south-east part of the town, near John 
Baker. 



308 HISTORY OF WATERFORD. 

Children : 
Benjamin, died at sea. 
Dominicus, m.. Hannah Grover. 
Gabriel, m. Susan Hamlin. 
Reuben, m. Mary Bergen. 
Mary, m. Joseph Eastman. 
Naomi, m. Daniel McKenny. 
Liberty, m. Jane Edwards. 

Gabbiel Kilgore (2d gen.), who married Susan Hamlin, 
was son of Benjamin Kilgore, who married Ruth Hazelton, and 
came to Waterford, with his parents, from Fryeburg. 

Children : 
Caroline, m. Henry Bailey. 
Hamilton, m. Mary Stevens. 
Harriet, m. William McWain. 
Susan, m. Henry Dana. 
Almira, m. Samuel Skillings. 
Rebecca, m. Leavett B. McWain. 
Charlotte. 

Emerson, m. Helen Hale. 
Henry, m. Jane Stewart. 

Reubbn Kilgore (2d gen.), who married Mary Bergen, 
was also son of Benjamin and Ruth Kilgore, and came from 
Fryeburg, with them. 

Children : 
Mary A., died young. 
Dean A., m. Mary Hill. 

Nancy B., m. 1st, Ezekiel Dustan; 2d, Edward Hilton. 
Huldah P., ra. George Dennis. 
Eveline, m. Aldrus Adams. 
Ruf us K., m. Philinda Harthorn. 
Caroline A., m. John Mallard. 
Liberty, m. Susan Keene. 
Leander D., m. Lydia Twombly. 
Andrew, m. Livonia True. 



RECORD OF FAMILIES. 309 

Some few errors will be noticed in the foregoing records: 
" was " for is, in connection with Dr. Carlton's record ; " Col." 
got in before the names of Luther and Calvin Farrar. The 
press mistook an abbreviation for College, in the margin of the 
revised proof, for that of colonel, which was not among their 
honors. Other errors may be detected. 

The change in the style of names will be noticed. The Bible 
names of the first half century are mostly superceded now by 
softer and more musical ones. 

It, will be noticed that the children of the first half century 
usually settled in town, and near the old homestead ; whereas, 
in the last half century, they oftener leave town for the city, 
manufacturing village, or far west. 



It will be seen by the foregoing records, that the first half 
century of the town was an era of large families, averaging for 
this period of fifty years, but a fraction less than seven children 
to a family. The contrast in this respect between the Jirst and 
the last fifty years of our town is noticeable, and not a little 
alarming. It must be admitted that the growth and prosper- 
ity of Waterford, in its first half century, was owing considera- 
bly to the size and health of the families. The thinning of its 
population, or falling oflT in the census of late, is to be traced 
largely to this cause. 



CENTENNIAL 



OF 



WATERFORD, 



1875 



REPORT. 



History is never complete, but continuous, and like the 
ever-changing views of a panorama. Since the day we were 
tracing back, as in the preceding pages, over the checkered 
scenes of the past, and in the slow progression of events, to 
the time when these beautiful fields were a solitary wood, 
and these hills and valleys, a homeless wilderness, years 
have intervened, and the pen that records, and the events 
that we recall, become historic. The Waterford Centennial, 
at once the scene and inspiration of the foregoing narrative of 
events, is but a continuation, and becomes itself history. 

Although the annals of a quiet rural town cannot be sup- 
posed to afford much of interest, except to its own people, 
yet it had long been felt, that in some way the history of 
Waterford should be gathered up, while there were yet liv- 
ing receptacles of the " unwritten years." For its own, at 
least, the treasure-trove of the past should be preserved, and 
go down as a most sacred inheritance. And there is sadness 
in the thought, how little can be saved. The best efforts of 
the historian do not avail. Its volume cannot be recorded, 
and, except as it is written upon the hearts and lives of the 
living, it is lost. The drama but shadows it ; fiction strives 
to paint it. What romance and the drama aspire to is the 

real history of a people. 
" 21 



314 WATERFORD CENTENNIAL. 

In the sacred record, a curse is pronounced on those who 
" remove the ancient landmarks," so contrariwise there is a 
blessing in their preservation ; and it is ever pleasant and 
profitable to inquire for the " old paths." 

The American people here passed through a t errible crisis, 
and the fires of patriotism were kindled anew ; the same 
spirit of liberty and eternal right, that breathed in the decla- 
ration of independence, lived again and became intensified. 
The National Centennial was in prospect. From Lexington 
and Bunker Hill, and all the old battle fields, went up the 
shout of " liberty preserved." Towns caught up the inspi- 
ration, and all over the land, from a glad people, was heard 
the voice of thanksgiving. And truly the nation did inquire 
for the "old paths," and remembered and kept her "solemn 
feasts." 

In the autumn of 1874, Bethel celebrated hers, and Wa- 
terford began to remember that the next year would complete 
the hundredth year of her settlement, and the inquiry went 
around, Shall we have a Centennial ? 

During the winter of 1874-5, the town authorities, with 
leading citizens, issued a call, inviting the good people of the 
town to meet at the town-house and consider the subject. 
At that and subsequent meetings, there was a very general 
expression in favor, and a large general committee, repre- 
senting the different parts of the town, was chosen to take 
the matter in charge, consisting of Thomas Swan, A. J. 
Smith, Daniel Brown, Samuel Warren, Waldo T. Brown, 
John N. Baker, Luther Hougliton, John B. Rand, Farnum 
Jewett, Samuel H. Warren, and George W. Plummer. 
These persons met and appointed from their number a com- 
mittee of three, for general business, viz., Samuel Warren, 
A. J. Smith, and John B. Rand. 



WATERFORD CENTENNIAL. 315 

The town, at its annual meeting in March, indorsed the cit- 
izens' meeting, and by vote made it its own, adding John C. 
Gerry and Josiah Monroe to the general committee. On mo- 
tion of Joseph Hale, the very liberal sum of five hundred 
dollars was voted by acclamation, to defray expenses. 

Early in the spring, the following notice was published in 
the papers : 

CENTENNIAL. 

The citizens of Waterford propose to celebrate the one hun- 
dredth anniversary of the settlement of the town on the first 
day of September next. There will be an historical' address, 
and other exercises appropriate to the occasion. 

The town mother earnestly calls home all her sons and 
daughters, to a home-gathering and re-union ; and to all, who 
for any cause, are interested to participate in this memorial 
service, she extends a most cordial welcome. 

A free public dinner will be served on the occasion, and no 
pains will be spared to make it one of profit and interest to all 
her guests. 

Most respectfully, in behalf of the committee, 

Samuel Warre:?^. 

Waterford, April, 1875. 

As the summer advanced, there were numerous meetings 
of the committee and citizens. To prepare and provide for so 
large a gathering, as might be expected, was no small labor. 
Plans were proposed and considered, and the work of prep- 
aration given into the hands of sub-committees. Special 
invitations were sent out. The Bridgton Brass Band was 
hired. As the time drew near, the passers by the way, and 



316 WATERFORD CENTENNIAL. 

the " stranger within our gates," saw a busy scene, and that 
old Waterford was intensely in earnest. 

The work was now well in hand, the details of which would 
not be interesting to the reader. The committee would here 
express their grateful sense of obligation to all who kindly 
assisted. Where so many did well, it may seem invidious to 
particularize. Our thanks are especially due Mrs. Laura 
Kimball, for a liberal gift in money, and to Mr. Cliarles 
Young, who generously furnished the canvas and cordage 
for the pavilion. Thanks are also due to those who kindly 
lent from their houses to furnish the tables, and particularly 
to the merchants who held their supplies in abeyance. 

THE CENTENNIAL. 

For several days preceding, busy heads and hands had 
been hard at work in anxious preparation. 

The first day of September dawned beautifully clear, arid 
the young autumn sun, breaking over the eastern horizon 
upon a cloudless sky, gave promise of a glorious day. His 
beams first tipped with gold the peaks of Tire-'em, then fal- 
ling upon the quiet bosom of the lakelet at his base, they were 
refiected in one broad sheen of beauty, and still onward they 
pursued tlie retreating shadows from valley to valley, till hill 
and mountain and the whole face of nature, were lit up with 
one broad smile of gladness. In the song and cheer of that 
beautiful morning anxious hearts rejoiced. Upon the tri- 
angular common, beneath the shades of the graceful elms, 
an immense pavilion had been erected, and in the rear angle 
toward the church, upon a dais-like area, were ample accom- 
modations for the speakers and numerous honorary guests ; 
for the choir, the reporters and the band. Here the ladies 
had displayed their skill in artistic ornamentation. Appro- 



WATERFORD CENTENNIAL. 317 

priate mottoes, tastefully arranged with festoons of flowers, 
and wreaths of evergreen, pictures, relics, etc.; and here, as 
elsewhere, was displayed the national ensign with its proudly 
waving banners. Upon the grounds of A. S. Kimball, Esq., 
and Joseph Hale, long rows of tables had been erected, suf- 
ficient to seat some eighteen hundred people ; and as the 
eye ran along their extended lines, with their comfortable 
awnings, set off with such drapery as was suggested by the 
taste of those in charge of the different divisions ; and later 
in the morning, as hospitable hands of matrons and maidens 
were seen loading them down with appetizing viands, no 
further suggestion was needed of large festive possibilities. 

Long before the appointed hour all the highways and by- 
paihs leading to Waterford Flat presented a scene such as 
the oldest denizens of the town had never witnessed ; a 
moving throng of carriages filled with eager faces, and pedes- 
trians, all pressing to the common rendezvous. With hearts 
swelling proudly for the old mother, we saw that the 
sons and the daughters were there. Old age, with sprightly 
tread, and children with happy faces, grandmothers and 
grandsires with whitened locks, sturdy manhood, young men 
and maidens, all were come to do honor to the homes of 
their youth. 

Conspicuously from various points the national banner 
flung out its graceful folds, and as the crowd beneath swayed 
to and fro on the beautiful common, each heart, lifted above 
obstreperous mirth to the dignity of silent joyousness an- 
swers, the scene was one to be witnessed and never forgotten. 

At the appointed hour came the call of the president to 
order, and the exercises commenced with a grand overture 
by the band. 



318 WATERFOKD CENTENNIAL. 

Mr. A. S. Kimball, the president of the day, gave a neat 
and appropriate address of welcoma, as follows : 

Fellow Citizens: 

We meet to-day for the purpose of celebrating the one hun- 
dredth anniversary of the settlement of this good old town. 
We feel that it is well for us that we are hei'e. The heavens 
smile benignly upon us. Our fields are laden with abundant 
harvests. Our hillsides lift their heads above us, crowned with 
their luxuriant foliage, as if in praise to the great Author of 
heaven and earth, for the many blessings which we enjoy. 

One hundred years ago all these broad fields and pastures, as 
far as the vision extends, were one vast forest. The footprint 
of civilization had left no imprint thereon. Here the massive 
trees of the forest spread out their giant branches, shielding the 
rich verdure beneath from the rays of the summer sun. The 
silence was unbroken, save by the murmuring waters, the chirp 
of birds, the footfall of the deer, or the occasional tramp of the 
red man, who held undisputed sway over all this extensive do- 
main. But a change came. One solitary man penetrated the 
then unbroken solitude, and erected a cabin within the wilder- 
ness. After a time others came within our limits, and the sound 
of the axe re-echoed over from clearing to clearing. The settlers' 
cabins multiplied, and the primeval growth, which had with- 
stood the storms and tempests of Centuries, disappeared. Since 
which, our hills and valleys have been developed into fruitful 
fields, now seen upon every hand, and our villages teeming with 
the diflereut industries, have sprung up. 

The sons and daughters of Waterford have located them- 
selves in almost every land and clime within the pale of civili- 
zation, and I have yet to learn that they have ever betrayed 
their trust, or been unfaithful to the principles of virtue and 
integrity, which characterized the early settlers of this town ; 
hence I bid you all a cordial welcome home ; you who are the 



WATERFORD CENTENNIAL. 319 

children of Waterford ; you who have ever resided here ; and 
to all who have come to assist us in appropriately celebrating 
this most important epoch in the history of the town of Wa- 
terford, I extend a most cordial welcome. And while we think 
and speak of those who have gone before, let us, their descend- 
ants, ever keep in remembrance the example furnished by the 
fathers and mothers who steadily toiled on through adversity 
and prosperity, as their works abundantly show. Truly, they 
have furnished us with a lofty standard, by which to try our- 
selves. Let us therefore renew our pledges of fidelity to their 
memory, as we gather around this centennial altar, that our 
works may serve as a footprint in the sands of time to those 
who in the untold generations to come, shall gather up the un- 
finished work we have begun. 

Again I bid you all a cordial welcome home, and thank you 
for coming to assist us in performing the services of the day. 

Prayer was offered by the chaplain, Rev. A. J. Smith. 
From the choir broke forth the cheering strains of "Home 
Again," and as its pleasing numbers swelled forth and were 
caught up by the vast assemblage, many a heart thrilled in 
response. 

Mr. Henry P. Warren then gave the historical address, 
and as the scenes and incidents of past days were vividly 
recalled by the speaker, and musty records were made 
to give up their treasures, the interest of the large con- 
course of people was manifest. As the dim outlines of a past 
age came out in bold relief, and events and passages of 
former times were vividly portrayed, with many of which 
some present were familiar, or perhaps bore a part, the in- 
terest grew into the most wrapt attention. No attempt will 
be made to outline it, as the address itself makes up the vol- 



320 WATERFORD CENTENNIAL. 

ume of the preceding pages. Nor will the reader understand 
that it was given except in brief. 

After the address and a voluntary by the band, dinner was 
announced by the President, and a cordial invitation was ex- 
tended to all. The divine blessing having been invoked by 
Rev. David Garland of Bethel, the audience, as fast as they 
could be seated, repaired to the tables, where a sumptuous 
dinner was served upon the grounds as stated above. As 
in a grand but quiet scene upon the plains of Judea, 
outside the village, and upon its border, the bold mountain 
craggs looking down in the rear, the multitude sat down, 
"by companies," "and did eat and were filled." A festive 
scene is one of participation, and not for description ; and if 
the hilarious but orderly cheer which prevailed might be 
used in judgment, the dinner was enjoyed. 

The number dined can only be approximated. But if we 
remember that the tables had been arranged for some eight- 
een hundred people, and in the estimation of those in charge, 
they were filled from two to three times, some idea of the 
number present may be formed. Large as was the number, 
there was enough for all, and food remained upon the tables 
for other thousands. Of this part of the programme a re- 
porter says : " The most complete order prevailed during 
this most difficult part of the performance, and the admira- 
ble manner of serving the vast multitudes evinced a com- 
plete and masterly organization of forces." 

After dinner, as the seats were being rapidly filled, a fear- 
ful accident occurred, and two persons were badly but not 
fatally injured. A vicious horse had broken loose, and 
dragging a heavy piece of timber, rushed furiously over the 
seats and among the gathering audience, causing a terrible 
panic ; yet, as if by miracle, only the two persons named 



WATERFORD CENTENNIAL. 321 

above were seriously injured. Order having been restored, 
the exercises of the afternoon commenced with a salutatory 
by the band, and in response to sentiments offered by the 
president, it was pleasantly and profitably spent in listening 
to addresses by numerous speakers, nearly all of whom were 
natives of Waterford. The large area of well-filled seats, 
with eager and attentive faces, gave ample assurance that 
the exercises, interspersed with excellent music, were en- 
joyed. 

The first sentiment, offered by the president, was : 

The Fathers and Mothers of Waterford. Response by Rev. 
William Warren, d.d., of Gorham, Me. 

Mr. President : Some one has said that this seemed to 
him like the funeral of the old century. It seems to me to be 
rather the resurrection of the old century. To-day the past 
of this town comes up before us in joyous review. Those early 
historical scenes, the sacrifices and sufferings accompanying 
them, have been set before our view in order and in fresh light, 
and have been given a new life. Those men and women who 
made this town what it is, whom we have known personally, 
or through dim tradition, have in a sense revived to our view 
and acquaintance to-day. They live again and are with us in 
a sense in these our festivities. We greet them, we take them 
by the hand, as it were, on this commemorative occasion. Yes, 
fathers and mothers, with all the heart we welcome you back 
to the scenes of life, to our fellowships and our festivities on 
this centennial occasion. 

The obsequies of the past ? No, rather its resurrection on 
this hundredth birthday of the town! How little there is of us 
that death can arrest or the grave can hold! There are things 
stronger than death. The triumph of the grave is brief. All 



322 WATERFORD CENTENNIAL. 

that is truly noble hath immortality. It is the privilege of all 
in life to do that which outlives life ; to build characters and 
forecast destinies which death itself cannot destroy. 

This occasion leads to the reviving and renewing of forgot- 
ten scenes. Here we review the noble acts and imperishable 
virtues that gave early character to this town. These do not 
perish, they are robed in immortality. We register them upon 
tablets that cannot fade on this commemorative occasion. 

But I am expected to speak particularly of the original fami- 
lies of Waterford ; and perhaps, because, though a son and a 
grandson of first settlers here, I am an old man and yet the 
twilight of my own recollections but touches the vanishing 
of theirs. It is pleasant for me to speak of those early families 
that so impressed my childhood and youth, and left upon the 
town their likeness and image. They still survive in the char- 
acter tliey gave to Waterford. We dwell on their memory 
with pleasure ; let this day help to make it imperishable. 

I do not claim that those pioneers of the town were perfect, 
that tliey wholly escaped the temptations and habits of their 
time. But sir, I only wonder that their faults were so few ; 
that they withstood wrong influences so well ; and that so few 
of them fell into vice and dishonor. How little they had to do 
with and how scanty were their privileges! 

We care to make no ungrateful records to-day. It is not the 
shaded leaf or blotted ledger that stands open before us. It 
is the brighter pages of honorable history of successful life on 
which we have to dwell ; the review of noble courage, of 
rare self-denial, of manly aspirations, rising often to inspira- 
tions ; these are before us now and impel us to put the cen- 
tury properly and honorably upon the calendar of time. 

We recall with pride the hardihood and privations of those 
fathers and mothers, who faced danger, forced obstacles and 
impossibilities well-nigh in this then unbroken wilderness. We 
call to mind the sacrifices they made in leaving pleasant homes, 



WATERFOED CENTENNIAL. 



323 



and their comparatively easy life ; exchanging safety for peril, 
society for solitude, and competence, it may be, for the rude- 
ness and sacrifices of pioneer life. How I used to marvel at my 
mother's story of leaving her old home in Massachusetts, the 
beauties of Prospect Hill on the one hand, and charming Plum 
Island on the other, for this cold and dreary wilderness of Wa- 
terford ; nor the emotions I felt, half a century afterward, when 
I stood for the first time, on a thanksgiving morning, upon that 
same enchanted Prospect Hill (near the foot of which she had 
lived), overlooking the town and distant Plum Island, gateway 
to the sea, and remembered that dear mother, who left all this 
fifty years before for a wilderness home ! But God gave the 
heart and the hope and the nerve ! Those fathers and moth- 
ers came here under the inspiration of a noble manhood and 
womanhood. They built for themselves houses and homes, 
rude of course ; felled the forests, turning it into fields and 
farms, and planted institutions as well as vineyards for them- 
selves and for us. Can we forget them ? How can we but ad- 
mire them ? 

And what vicariousness of skill and service they brought 
with them ! A brave old lady whose husband was out in two 
Avars, whom the bullets did not hit, was often both physician 
and nurse. And how did the mothers and fathers rejoice in 
her presence and skill. It was a day when little had to stand 
for much ; when a few had to do the work of many, and com- 
mon sense to serve often for science and professional skill. 

In a more personal glance at these root-families, I pass by 
the Warrens, but not so properly the Greens ; Thomas, out in 
the French and Revolutionary wars, a hero in many battles. 
He came here early to help conquer the wilderness. He came 
with his large family of sons and daughters, all of whom set- 
tled near him. He and wife (the lady just referred to), lived 
to a great age, and were loved and honored of all to the end. 

His old neighbor in Rowley, Captain Stephen Jewett, soon 



324 WATERFORD CENTENNIAL. 

followed and became his neighbor here. He brought his large 
family of sons and daughters, who settled around hira. He was 
keen of perception, delighted in debate, especially for doctrine, 
as his noted controversy with his minister shows. 

And then the Chaplins, Daniel and David, the latter a teach- 
er, versed in Greek, mighty in the scriptures, and skilled in va- 
rious mechanisms. The former, grave, steadfast and useful ; 
serving the town variously, as did his son Daniel after him. 

And the Saunders's, Joshua, Ezekiel, Samuel and Humphrey, 
brothers from the same old seed town ; they were men of sober 
life, upright and honest — lovers of order and truth. The above 
men were all from the same parish in Massachusetts, giving the 
name of Rowley to North Waterford. Neighbors to these; 
were General Sawin, Benjamin Proctor, and others more re- 
cent, who helped to subdue this harder portion of the town, 
and to make it perhaps the more thrifty and prosperous in the 
end. These were men not to be omitted. 

And then the Plummers ; Jonathan, free in manners, as from 
all guile; of sturdy common sense, which gave him (and quite to 
his credit), the title of "Judge"; and Samuel, enterprising and 
prosperous; useful in town business, the church chorister, set- 
tling his large family around him ; and Josiah, of good habits 
and life. These gave the neighborhood north of the Flat its 
name. 

And the Horrs; Philip, the first to move into town with 
his family ; his sons, Isaac, Abraham, and John (deacon), were 
like their father, peaceable and exemplary citizens. 

In West Waterford, were the Houghtons. Major Jonathan, 
his sons, Abel, Henry, and Cyrus, were in military life ; Jon- 
athan was Representative, and both he and Henry were dea- 
cons ; Josiah was a clergyman, and Lewis a physician. 

Let me speak of the Hales. Oliver once led the town in 
wealth ; Benjamin was noted as the town tailor ; Israel reared 
his large family where Capt. Thomas Swan now lives. 



WATERFORD CENTENNIAL. 325 

And then the Stones ; Jonathan, Moses, Solomon, Oliver, 
Joel, and David, all useful men and good citizens, taking their 
share in town business, and in giving it character and prosperity 

The Browns also. Tliaddeus, of sharp intellect and instincts, 
of strong memory and will, was largely successful in business. 
Daniel, his son, was long in trade here, and was in both branch- 
es of the Legislature; Levi, his brother and partner, command- 
ed M battalion of cavalry, and was useful in town affairs. Wil- 
liam was brother and neighbor to Thaddeus. He afterward 
kept public house on the Flat. Jabez and Thaddeus, sons of 
Thaddeus, senior, have kept alive the historical traditions of the 
town. 

And lastly, the Hamlins, having for names the four conti- 
nents (as far as these went), Eleazer, fond of history and soci- 
ety, often in town business, and thrice in the Legislature ; Han- 
nibal, major, in the militia, and high sheriff of the county, of 
large influence and capacity ; Africa, often and early intrusted 
with town affairs. Dr. Cyrus, father of Vice-President Ham- 
lin, settled in Paris. This family of Hamlins did much to give 
early character and strength to the town. 

I have glanced at these original fimilies in groups mostly. 
But there are individual names of special honor, that have been 
alluded to in the Address, with others upon which I cannot 
now dwell, as Longley, Baker, Monroe, Farrar, Cross, Rice, 
Gerry. 

I name the moi, you notice, but the women are equally de- 
serving, and were largely influential in their families, in the 
rearing of noble sons and daughters. 

But how little can one do in this hurried way to give a true 
impression of those early families. It is happy that they were 
made of material that constitutes strong and prosperous com- 
munities. They grew in mental and moral strength by means 
of the school-house and the sanctuary. Toil was their pastime, 



326 WATEEFOED CENTENNIAL. 

business and self-denial, their vocation, and honorable dealing, 
their fixed habit. 

Mr. President, we are reaping the harvest of such sowing. 
And it is fitting now that we set up our stone at this opening 
of the new century, upon which we will inscribe our grateful 
memory of those fathers and mothers, and will write with a 
reverent hand and heart for ourselves, Thus far the Lord 
has helped us ! 

The sons and daughters of Waterford noio residents of other 
States and Countries. Resj)onded to by Rev. Dr. Cyktjs 
Hamlin, of Robert College, Constantinople, Turkey. 

Felloio Citizens of Waterford : 

After so many long years of absence, I rejoice to meet you 
once more on the shores of time ; and I esteem it an honor 
to be called upon to speak to you on behalf of those who, like 
myself, have been called to dwell and to do life's work in other 
states and foreign lands. We return to our old home always 
to find it more beautiful, more attractive than ever. In the 
prosecution of my work, I have had the opportunity to see 
something of the most celebrated places in Europe, with re- 
gard to natural scenery. What can one find in Switzerland 
more beautiful than our native town, with its hills and charm- 
ing lakes, which would be in the highest degree poetical, if we 
did not call them " ponds." 

In the autumn of 1834, 1 climbed one morning the hill at my 
right, in company with the poet Longfellow. In looking down 
upon that beautiful sheet of water and its surroundings, after 
mentioning this and that place in Switzerland of which it re- 
minded him, he added, "Indeed this is Switzerland." 

I believe the more we travel in foreign lands, the more " our 
hearts untraveled" will return to the beautiful hills and vales 
and lakes, to testify that God has indeed given us " a goodly 



WATERFOED CENTE.VNIAL. 611 

heritage," in full harmony with the character of the men and 
women whom we venerate as our fathers and mothers. 

But you will naturally expect me to speak of the foreign 
work in which the sons and daughters of Waterford have been 
engaged. The emigration from this town into almost every 
state of the union has been so great that I will not attempt 
to follow it. Those whom you have thus sent forth have ob- 
tained and are still hokling posts of honor and usefulness, and 
some of them are here to salute you and to speak for them- 
selves on this centennial day. 

To foreign peoples, as missionaries, you have sent four, Tliis 
number may be far less than your duty, but it is far greater than 
the average. Many towns of the state have not sent one; and 
but very few have sent more than one. Of these four, one was 
a teacher among the North American Indians, one a teacher in 
India, one a missionary and teacher in Turkey, and one a mis- 
sionary and an able translator of the scriptures in India. 

Now I am sure you have done well to remember those dis- 
tant peoples in their darkness and degradation by sending to 
them some of your sons and daughters. We are always hear- 
ing from certain persons that '• charity should begin at home," 
and I always fear that with such it stays at home. About its 
beginning 1 do not know. Our christian faith began at Jeru- 
salem and then went forth into all the world. That which he- 
gins right never stays. 

As you have made a beginning in this grace, go on unto per- 
fection ; and let your sentiments, your feelings and your princi- 
ples of christian charity embrace the world. This is Christ- 
like and truly noble. 

But I have been told that I shall be expected to say some- 
thing to you, ray neighbors and fellow townsmen, with regard 
to my personal work abroad. I left this country in 1838, and 
for twenty-two years was a missionary of the American Board 



328 WATERFORD CENTENNIAL. 

in Constantinople, and for about twenty years, was principal of 
the " Bebec Seminary." 

In 1860, I entered upon the M'ork of founding an American 
college on the Bosphorus, now known as Robert College, from 
Christopher R. Robert of New York, who has supplied nearly 
all the funds, about 1200,000. This college is the first of those 
missionary colleges which are now crowning the missionary 
work wherever it has been successful. Into that institution are 
gathered nearly two hundred students of many races, of many 
languages, and of many religions ; for Turkey is composed, not 
of a jDCople, but of many peoples — fragments of the old Roman 
Empire. All these youth, of whatever race, language or fiith, 
study the English language and the Christian Scriptures. 
These forces, a common language, a common education, and a 
common Bible, are mighty forces with which to assail the old 
fortresses of Oriental error and darkness and superstition. 
Nothing can stand before them. These educated youth will 
ere long fill places of trust and power. The old, the unchange- 
able East is changing. The old is passing away, the new is 
coming in. The human mind, throughout all those untvangel- 
ized regions, seems to be growing weary of the old forms of su- 
perstition and oppression, and from the Isles of Greece to the 
Isles of Japan, over the broad continent of Asia, it is waking 
up and stretching forth after some betttr mode of life, and of 
social and of religious organization. " The whole creation 
groaneth and travaileth in pain together until now, waiting 
for the manifestation of the sons of God." The Turkish Em- 
pire feels this great and divine movement in every part. The 
Bible is going forth in all its languages to all its peoples. The 
Koran is losing its power. The decayed and corrupt Chris- 
tianity of the East is reviving. Schools are becoming better, 
and more numerous. The press is sending forth the newspaper 
into all the land, evangelical churches are widely established 
the gospel is freely preached, and surely a new era has dawned 
upon the Empire. Whether false religion will expire without 



WATERFORD CENTENNIAL. 329 

a bloody struggle, is one of the unknown things of the future, 
to be left to the all-controlling providence of God. I do not 
feel that I could have done any better work elsewhere, that I 
could have been more useful or more happy in any other situa- 
tion, than I have been in Turkey, Of the great work accom- 
plished there, I have done a very insignificant part, but what 
has been done will live forever. 

I have come home for the special work of obtaining an en- 
dowment for the college. That accomplished, I shall return, 
gladly, joyfully, to my work; not that I love my native land 
less, but that Eastern land more. 

The Clergy of Waterford. Responded to by Rev. Delano 
Perrt, of the Methodist church, South Waterford. We 
are not favored with a copy of this address. 

The Medical Profession. Responded to by Dr. Thomas H. 
Gage, of Worcester, Mass., with address and original poem. 

3Ir. Chairman^ Ladies and Gentlemen: 

I ought to be, and I am, deeply sensible of the kindness and 
courtesy to myself personally which is expressed in your greet- 
ing. It is pleasant after long absence to return and greet once 
more some of the faces which were familiar in my youth, and 
to find that I am not myself entirely forgotten. 

You have made complimentary allusion to the representation 
by this town in the medical profession. For the very small 
share in that compliment, which I can appropriate to myself, I 
thank you; but I thank you much more on behalf of those 
others, born and educated here, who have gone out from the 
place to achieve eminence and success in that noble calling, and 
whose absence here to-day is a matter of regret and disappoint- 
ment to us all. I thank you too, still more, on behalf of that 
great memory to which you and others have kindly and repeat- 
22 



330 WATERFORD CENTENNIAL. 

edly alluded to-day, and which, of course, for me personally 
overshadows all other memories of the occasion. 

But it is not ray purpose to make a speech. I do wish, how- 
ever, to express my deep sense of gratitude to those good 
citizens of tliis beautiful town, who conceived the idea and 
plan of this pleasant reunion, and who have labored so suc- 
cessfully to carry it out. I know that their labors and anx- 
ieties in connection with it have been great, and I sincerely 
trust that their reward may be great also; not only in present 
pleasure but in grateful memories for them and their successors 
forever. 

Unable to contribute anything more substantial in aid of the 
enterprise, will you allow me to offer an imperfect but grateful 
tribute in verse ? 

No great event of world-wide fame 

We celebrate to-day ; 
No proud historic field can claim 

The honors that we pay. 

The fact we here commemorate 

Will scarce detain us long. 
Or much afford, of good or great, 

For eulogy or song. 

Within the pathless forest came, 

A hundred years ago, 
A woodman, of familiar name, 

To lay the forest low. 

Inspired with no ambitious aim. 

Averse to blood and strife, 
He fled the scenes of deathless fame, 

To seek a quiet life ; 



WATERFORD CENTENNIAL. 

To seek perchance, within the wood, 

Amid its i^eacefid charms, 
A safe retreat in solitude, 

Secure from war's alarms ; — 

With little thought his poor retreat 

Would be a scene of fame, 
Where eager pilgrim throngs would meet 

To bless his humble name. 

But yet, how often we observe, 

In Heaven's eternal plan, 
That humblest means are made to serve 

God's purposes to man. 

The place where that plain woodman came, 

And hewed the forest down, 
Through Heaven's benignant care became 

A fruitful, thriving town. 

The pleasing scene on every hand. 
Which all the landscape fills, — 

The rock-bound, yet productive land. 
And richly wooded hills. 

Attracted here a noble race 

Of men inured to toil. 
Who braved the hardships of the place. 

To try a virgin soil. 

The early fathers of the town 

Were of that sturdy stock. 
Which took its prestige and renown 

From grand old Plymouth Rock. 



332 WATERFORD CENTENmAL. 

And with them, to the wilderness, 
In manly hearts they bore 

The same religious earnestness 
The pilgrims did of yore ; — 

The same grand love of Liberty, 
The same respect for Law, 

The same broad Christian Charity, 
And reverential awe. 

And, lest this ardor should abate. 
And faith itself grow cool, 

They brought those pillars of the State, 
The Church and Common School. 

Not yet, of course, those forces raised 
To present scope and power, 

But germs within the seed embraced — 
The bud, but not the flower. 

Yet many a dark and bitter day 
Of mingled hopes and fears, 

And many a sorrow marked the way 
Of those brave pioneers. 

Full oft the promised harvest failed, 
And famine pressed them sore, 

And many a strong man's spirit quailed, 
That never quailed before. 

But still their faith did not abate, 
Nor did their ardor cool — 

They kept those pillars of the State 
The Church and Common School. 



I 



WATERFORD CENTENNIAL. 666 

And built a simple school-house where 

They turned the virgin sod, 
And near it raised in faith and prayer, 

A temple to their God. 

Who can recall without a thrill, 

That place of praise and prayer, 
The ancient church upon the hill. 

And those who worshiped there ? 

Who can forget the cottage near. 

That scene of saintly grace, 
Which made it seem through many a year, 

To us a sacred place ? 

Who can compute the priceless worth, 

The measure or extent, 
Of that good influence in the earth. 

Its gentle inmates lent ? 

Who stands unmoved within the place 

Which holds in sacred trust, 
Some loved, revered, and sainted face, 

That slumbers in the dust? 

These are the lives and memories 

To which we tribute pay ; 
Theirs are the bloodless victories 

We celebrate to-day. 

The Legal Fraternity. Responded to by Albert Barker 
Esq., of Colebrook, N. H. 

The committee regret that of this speech also they have 
no report. 



334 WATERFORD CENTENNIAL. 

Being called upon by the President, Capt. Thomas Swan 
made interesting general remarks. He related some amusing 
anecdotes, and referring to the peculiar internal nomencla- 
ture of the town, told how his own neighborhood came to be 
dubbed with the euphonious sobriquet of Blackguard. He 
recalled pleasing incidents and reminiscences of the fathers. 

The Professional Farmers — the tnen icho dug upon our rug- 
ged hillsides, and laid the foundations of society in Wa- 
terford. Responded to by Dr. N. T. True, of Bethel. 

■ Mr. President: I have no claim on your attention to-day. I 
am neither a native of your goodly town, nor have I ever been 
a resident, but as a visitor and a traveler I have taken a deep 
interest in everything pertaining to its history. 

Artemas Ward, who you know was born within ten rods of 
this spot, once told the story of the fellow who made fun of his 
" wax figgers " while on exhibition in a certain town. Artemas 
told bini he knew something would happen to him for his im- 
pudence, and surely enough, it was not long after this that an 
old aunt willed to him a farm up in Oxford county. Now Ar- 
temas Ward, though a native of this town, did not realize how 
many thrifty farmers there are within its borders. 

As I passed through a portion of the town this morning, I 
was delighted with the green fields, waving with corn and 
wheat, and the neat and conveniently arranged dwellings, sur- 
rounded with fruitful orchards, I was instinctively led to ask 
myself how this could be brought about in so hard and rocky a 
soil. The answer came as instinctively as the question. It is 
the consequence of intelligent agriculture. No ignorant com- 
munity could bring about such a result. Your farmers are 
thinking men, and consequently intelligent men. They are 
temperate and industrious men. Each man is an industrious 
man, sitting on his little throne, and caring for nobody, so far 



WATERFORD CENTENNIAL. 335 

as relates to the expression of his own opinions. As I looked 
across a deep valley, to a distant mountain side, I could see 
dotted here and there the wliite houses gleiiming in the sun, 
and I needed nothing more to tell me that a virtuous and happy 
people are living there. 

But why this state of things in contrast with so many other 
rural spots on the face of the earth ? 1 will tell you. Your 
fathers planted a church in the centre of the town, and school- 
houses in every neighborhood. I have visited every school in 
your town and have been struck with the intelligence of your 
teachers, and the earnest devotion of your children to their 
studies. This is the primal cause of your successful agriculture. 
You have always raised up strong men and strong women, and 
less than most towns, you have been but little affected by em- 
migration. 

I sometimes envy those towns that are somewhat seclud- 
ed from the great highways of travel. As I see a boy in 
your schools plodding away at his books, and shut out from the 
excitement of larger towns, I am sure if he settles down in his 
native town he will be an honorable citizen, or if his ambition 
rouses him up to a spirit of adventure, he will be sure to be- 
come no ordinary man. His early, thoughtful habits have most 
admirably trained him for a position of superiority over his fel- 
low men. Such has always been the history of your town, and 
this solves the problem of the beautiful homes dotted over 
your valleys and hillsides. 

Mr. President, I thank you for your special courtesy and I 
congratulate you on the success of your Centennial Celebration. 

The American Flag the only thing American that will bear 
Striping. Responded to by Rev. David Garland of 
Bethel. 
Mr. President and Fellow-citizens : 
That Flag, waving majestically in the breezes over our 



386 WATERFORD CENTENNIAL. 

heads is an American production. She originated in American 
skill, and she has come to be elevated high in the air by Amer- 
ican hands. She is the most beautiful and noted of all the na- 
tional flags under the whole heavens. Whenever she is seen 
by the nations of any clime, they are reminded of the fact that 
she is a guardian spirit watching over constitutional liberty es- 
tablished in America, Nearly a century she has occupied this 
place of high trust. At certain seasons during this long period, 
she has endured great trials. Now and then, she has fought 
nobly for her honor, and struggled heroically and deterrainately 
for her very existence. In the early part of her life she had a 
dread conflict with a foreign power. It came against her with 
the violence of the foaming waves of an angry sea; yet she en- 
dured the shock of battle with becoming fortitude. Many of 
her soldiers, noble men, contending for her life and fighting for 
her glory, were struck down by grape shot and cannon balls, 
and she herself was terribly lacerated by the deadly weapons 
of her enemy, while many of her brave soldiers perished in that 
hostile conflict with a foreign force. She herself calmly en- 
dured its violent stripings, secured a joyful victory, became 
cured of all her grievous wounds, and again assumed her high 
position as the guardian spirit of constitutional liberty. Of very 
recent date, she has had a most fearful conflict for her life with 
a mightier enemy. Millions all of a sudden rose up in great 
fury against her, and sought to strike her out of existence. 
Those millions slie had for many years watched over constantly 
and perpetually, with all the tenderness of an afiectionate 
mother, and had ever in view their highest interests. This 
was to her at a dreadful cost. Hundreds of thousands of 
her truest friends and boldest advocates perished in the storm. 
They freely ofiered their lives in sacrifice that she might survive 
the conflict. While she shed tears over the death of the mul- 
titude, that for her life moved forward heart to heart and 
shoulder to shoulder, to meet the violence of the raging tern- 



WATERFORD CENTENNIAL. 337 

pest, she herself endured bravely the blows that fell upon her 
both thick and fast. Of all the aids (American) employed to 
resist the onslaught of the angry host, she only bore heroically 
and undismayed the severe stripiiigs inflicted. Very ennobling 
was to her the rigid discipline experienced in that one of the 
most cruel of all wars. Thousands in breathless surprise watch- 
ed attentively her progress while in the fight ; and when the 
violent storm had become changed into a peaceful quietus, they 
with shouting cried, glory to the dear old flag. Her complete 
and marked victory overall her awful stripings received, greatly 
elevated her character in the view of the cloud of witnesses. 
And by reason of her signal triumph over her deadly foes, for- 
eign nations have come to the belief that all adverse forces had 
better be cautious how they make a rash attempt on her life. 
For having passed safely through that fiery ordeal, when even 
to her view the bright heavens gathered thick darkness, her 
renown as one of power, has become greatly inci'eased among 
the warriors in all lands. Though generation after generation 
of American citizens have served their day under her benign 
protection, and fulfilled their part in the great drama of life, 
and passed away from earth, she to-day occupies firmly her 
true position, retaining all her original freshness and beauty, 
exhibiting no visible signs of having ever received severe strip- 
ings from her many foes. As she for nearly a century, has been 
regarded by all nations as a guardian spirit watching over con- 
stitutional liberty established in America, God grant that she 
may continue to retain her high office on and on into far distant 
ages in the future, that generations yet unborn may greatly re- 
joice in her vigorous life, and talk freely of her glory, even 
though at periods it may be to her an inevitable necessity to re- 
ceive the severe stripings of bitter enemies. 



338 WATERFORD CENTENNIAL. 

Opening a wide field for general remarks, and interchange 
of sentiments, the President announced 

Our Centennial^ and called upon the Chairman of the Com- 
mittee to answer. 

Friends^ Ladies and Gentlemen : 

It was said by one of old, "last of all by me also, and as of 
one born out of due time," so I am permitted to pick of the 
crumbs of this I'oyal feast. On this beautiful birthday of au- 
tumn — of mellow autumn, — in this glorious sunlight all nature 
clothed in her "beautiful garments," beneath these bending 
skies, smiling and peaceful, as never a storm had ruffled 
their azure depths, nor rolling thunders vaulted through their 
sounding caverns, — amid all these happy auguries, we celebrate 
the hundredth anniversary of the settlement of our good old 
mother town. For her children her old heart yearns with a 
fond mother's love, and to-day she lays upon them all the hand 
of blessing. And especially you who come, and to-day have 
drawn the old latch-string, has she bidden with her warmest 
welcome. We did not ask if you have forgotten the old 
mother, who dandled you upon her knee. We know, until "the 
silver cord be loosed, and the pitcher be broken at the fountain," 
till expiring nature shall fiiil, the touching, tender thought of 
early home and its memories, first, last and midst, out of your 
hearts shall never die. 

Standing here hand in hand to-day, what gush of memories 
are welling up in our hearts; and there come to us thoughts 
too big for utterance. 

Like some mellow winds, toying with the chords of a thou- 
sand stringed harp, come back to us the memories of other 
days. In the strong, expressive language of Israel's shepherd 
king, "We spend our years as a tale that is told ;" and ever as 
songs in the night is the " old, old story." As the breath of 



WATERFORD CENTENNIAL. 



339 



summer on our fevered hearts, from the happy, loving homes 
of our youth, fixmiliar voices are whispering of pleasant spring- 
times, of joyous summers; of the glad, golden harvests of 
"long ago." They come to us in the sprightly tones of laugh- 
ing childhood, in the gleeful shout of sportive youth, and all 
along the vista of our riper manhood, like the thrilling numbers 
of a song, comes back the story of the years. 

Gathered here to-day, multitude voices are telling the same 
" old story." If we turn to the lakelet at our feet, with its 
bright ri2:)pling waters, it has a tale of joy or of sorrow. The 
mountain at our right, with its bold craggy cliffs, it too has a 
voice. With glad presence looking on to-day, all these grand 
old mountains and hills have words to us. These homes — all 
these beautiful homes — what a story are they telling ; and in 
weird tones from yonder grave, there is speech that no tongue 
can utter; — and, friends, when we shall come to lie down with 
that gathered host, our years too will be " as a tale that is told," 
and God grant that it may be worth the telling. 

Kind friends, you came at our bidding ; we have given you the 
hand of a joyous welcome; we bid you go with blessings richer 
than earth can give ; and may the scenes of this day, with its 
pleasant reunions and happy greetings, pictured in this glorious 
sunlight, holding in loving embrace, hill, mountain and valley, 
be engraven for good on all our hearts. God grant that in its 
happy auspices, it may be but the bright horoscope of other, 
and better, and more beautiful days, and hearts that have met 
to-day, be growing to that deeper and more exalted commu- 
nion, which shall make us meet for a better and a brighter 
home, and go with us down the centuries in a more glorious 
world to come. 



340 WATERFOKD CENTENNTAL. 

Next in order, or rather out of order, Father Douglass 
was called, and venerable in his eighty third year said : 

Mr. President and citizens : 

I rejoice to see this day, and to meet so many of the descend- 
ants of those noble men and women, who came into the wil- 
derness to make for themselves and thdr descendants a home, 
and to plant here christian institutions to bless their posterity 
and the world. 

On the return of this day, at the end of the next one hun- 
dred years, we shall not be here, but may God grant that we 
may meet around that great white throne in heaven — to cele- 
brate the praises of redeeming love forever. 

Addresses were made by Dr. Oren Horr, of Lewiston, and 
J. M. Shaw, Esq. The next speaker announced was Dr. 
John A. Douglass, of Amesbury, Mass., who replied : 

Mr. President, Ladies and Gentlemen : 

I am not a speech maker and not being at all competent to 
say anything that would do justice to Waterford or its people, 
I will with the permission of the master of ceremonies — propose 
a toast. 

There is one class among those who live, or have lived in 
Waterford that should not be forgotten to-day, and that I at 
least shall never cease to honor ; a class that has had no small 
part to perform in making Waterford and its children what 
they are. The deeds of the /hiAers of Waterford, have been 
related, — the hope and promise of the young men have been 
described — the young ladies have had their share of praise, and 
now remembering some who will be seen here no more, as well 
as many who still live to do us good, I propose as a toast : 

The Old Ladies of Waterford. 



WATERFORD CENTENNIAL. 341 

Our Next Centennial. Responded to through the orator of 
the day, in an original poem by Miss Clara M. Douglass. 

A hundred years to come! Alas! 
Like sliadows gliding o'er the grass, 
That leave no traces as they pass. 

So do our lives go by. 
When next the day returns, for all 
To meet and mark the Century's fall. 
We shall not heed the gathering call, 
We shall not make reply. 

The eyes that smile and weep to-day, 
The lips that words of welcome say, 
The feet that walk the homeward way, 

Shall be beneath the sod. 
Eyes, lips and feet of welcome guest. 
Or happy host, shall be at rest, 
Hands folded on the quiet bi-east, 

The spirit gone to God. 

And must we be forgotten ? No ! 

Streams make their history where they flow ; 

So may our story downward go, 

A hundred years to come. 
If but our lives that chord shall keep, 
Begun by those who lie asleep. 
They shall, as long, in tones as deep, 

Do honor to our home. 

The Committee Avere kindly remembered in a vote of 
thanks, and the services were concluded by the audience 
rising and singing the grand old Doxology, " Praise God 
from whom all blessings flow." And thus, with one of God's 



342 WATERFORD CENTENNIAL. 

most beautiful days, was closed the exercises of this most 
memorable occasion. 

Dust returneth to its dust, but deeds never die, and the 
generations live and repeat themselves in the hearts and lives 
of the living. The years, so eventful in their periods, are 
ever green in the memory of men. Like music over tlie 
waters, is the story of the years that are gone. If the young 
dream of life is gorgeous, the vision of age is of the beautiful 
past. 

As the sun declined toward the western mountain, at the 
close of these recitals, the people lingered ; as if bound by 
some pleasing spell, they seemed loth to go. The vision 
tarried ; age was young again. To the awakened memory 
the springtimes of other days came back, and. mingling with 
the mellow autumn winds, was the breath of the summers of 
" long ago." Strong men and women were children again, 
and beneath the old roof-tree were living over the scenes of 
earl}' home. From the old play -ground rang out the merry 
shout of childhood and youth. They sat once more beneath 
the lintel, upon the familiar door-step, and recast the young 
dream of life. Within they heard the voices of mother and 
sister, and around the well-remembered fireside they nestled 
in the old home love, that was as no other has been. 

"My heart, sweet home, wliat gladness tills, 
And pleasures so divine ; 
My soul, no sound of music thrills, 
As home that once was mine." 

The spell must be broken, yet so glad was the hour, as if 
resting on the scene and hallowing it, was the sweet incense 
of a mother's love, and a sister's tender care, and mingling 



WATERFORD CENTENNIAL. 343 

their presence, the spirits of a past age liovered over and 
rejoiced. 

In review of the occasion that mai'ks the closing year of 
the centenary, we rejoice that in all its parts it was so well 
sustained. And the committee would again express their 
most grateful sense of obligation to all who contributed to 
make it what it was. All propitious powers seemed to lend 
their willing agency. The provision was ample and hearty. 
The old homestead bustled with new life and activity. The 
great household was all astir in earnest preparation. The 
guest-chambers were swept and garnished. The fatlings 
were killed, and with full larders the feast was made ready. 
The weather was fine — from benignant skies the sun looked 
down in his glory. The elements at rest, seemed in abeyance. 
All nature put on her gala robes, and kept holiday. The 
scene was grand and inspiring. The fields, all teeming with 
their burden of yellow grain, and the ripening harvest were 
smiling with plenty, and from hill and valley there seemed 
voices of welcome — the whole landscape was glad with invi- 
tation. 

In honor of the old mother there was no stint. Nature 
and art were laid under contribution. For her adornment 
and crown of rejoicing, the gardens and the meadows sent 
garlands of choicest flowers. From the mountain dells 
came gems of emerald green. Even the old forests, so grand 
upon the hillsides and in the valleys, in honor sent whole 
battalions of their most graceful saplings. From grand 
mothers' boudoir and gaiTet came antiquities and relics, the 
priceless keepsakes of a ruder age, when solid comfort had 
not given place to luxurious fashion. Above all, from happv 



344 WATERFOED CENTENNIAL. 

homes, the people, all abounding with that hospitality and 
cheer that can gladden any occasion, brought themselves ; — all 
contributing, with the excellent speaking and music, to make 
glad this day of rehearsals, and for itself a bright and beau- 
tiful memory. 



APPENDIX. 



It seems fitting that one who has passed away during the 
preparation of this history, who has been a central figure, 
during most of the years it covers, and whose memory is so 
embahned in the hearts of all this people, should have more 
than a passing notice. We regret that we are not able to 
give an excellent likeness of Father Douglass, now in posses- 
sion of the family. In its place, we offer the reader a no 
less true delineation, in a paper written by Rev. Dr. Warren 
of Gorham, and read at his funeral as part of the memorial 
service. 



23 



APPENDIX. 347 



REV. JOHN ABBOTT DOUGLASS. 
Pastor of the First Church in Waterford fifty-six years. 



BY REV. WM. WARREN", D.D. 



After the first ten years of Mr. Douglass' ministry in Wa- 
terford, he ceased to be my pastor. I left the town perma- 
nently, and have known him since only as I have revisited the 
place, and met him at his home and on public occasions. Con- 
sequently, my particular acquaintance with him is less than that 
of most of you, who have known him through life as a friend 
and pastor. 

And yet, I ask the favor to say some things at his burial, 
which have been impressed upon my mind as true and just. I 
wish to say them in the way of showing my interest in him, and 
my sympathy for his family and his people. 

Mk. Douglass was a man of marked indimduality ; I mean, 
there was great distinctness of character in him. He was alto- 
gether himself, and no one else. He did not take on charac- 
ter, nor take in influences as readily as most persons do. He 
was not easily moved and molded by outside impressions. He 
was a man of true, natural independence of character, respect- 
ful to all, and se{/'-respectful also. He was always himself 
solely, and never sought to be another, or any other than him- 



348 APPENDIX, 

self. This was not from self-conceit, but from the force of his 
own firm nature. He was always (though modestly), true to 
himself, to his own convictions and principles. These he did 
not try to conceal, nor to force upon others. He was a man of 
great caution, and of true and safe conservatism. These per- 
tained to his v)ords, as well as to his acts. His thoughts always 
fore-run his words. He did not speak, and then think ; but 
he thought and then spoke, or was silent, as he chose. He 
often did more by silence than by utterance, by not doing than 
by doing. A wise forecast with calm self-control did much for 
him, and through him for others. It made him conqueror, where 
some may have thought him cowardly. He seldom had to re- 
trace his steps, or take back his words. This gradually gave 
him an acknowledged influence and power in society. His 
marked individuality, his independence of mind and manhood 
constituted him a sort of authority in the place. He was all 
this without being arbitrary or domineering. A prudence per- 
vaded him, a modesty veiled him. It is seldom that one has 
such acknowledged influence and decided qualities of character, 
and yet bears them so modestly and naturally. He copied no 
one; he had no need to. He respected the thoughts of others, 
and weighed them, but it was his nature to think for himself, 
and to act independently. 

He had natural ingenuity, that was apt at various devices ; 
so that if all conveniences and arts of human life were suddenly 
lost, he was the one who would sufier least by the loss, as hav- 
ing an inventive skill of his own, by which he could extempo- 
rize life and its conveniences, and gradually replace the loss. 

He was less dependent on books than most men ; for he was 
not an echo of others. And yet he did not despise others, nor 
their opinions, though he might not assent to them. He was a 
candid judge ; he was a candid critic; he was a candid listener. 



APPENDIX. 349 

He chose to listen, rather than to lead in conversation. He was 
the freest of almost any man I ever knew, fi"oni the coarse hab- 
it of monopolizing conversation ; and the kindred one of talk- 
ing of one's self offensively, or of one's affairs and family. He 
was slow to obtrude his opinions; he never needlessly made a 
show of knowledge. He was not ambitious of distinction or of 
place, but held the even tenor of his way, calm in his own in- 
dividuality, his unconscious influence and attainments unto the 
end of life. 

It would follow that such a man would have stahiliti/ and 
xiniformity of character. It was so Avith Mr. Douglass. You 
always knew where to find him. System was not a second, but 
2i first nature with him. You saw it in his planning, not less 
than in the execution. Method characterized him ; method in 
sermonizing, method in everything. Though he had great ver- 
satility of mind, he was remarkably free from fluctuations of 
mind. In the conflict of opinions, and under transverse winds 
of doctrine, you knew where to find Mr. Douglass. Consist- 
ency not less than system, characterized him. It was difficult 
to detect anything extemporaneous in his ways or mental work- 
ings, anything irrelevant, or loose, or hap-hazard in him, either 
as a minister or as a man. He did things in his own way, and 
always did them in about the smne way (as one has to do who 
acts in the best way, and who sees through things intuitively.) 
He wrote his sermons in his own uniform style — a neat, chaste 
and thoughtful style — imitating no one, borrowing from no one. 
His theological views were the average views of good thinkers 
and safe biblical scholars. If seldom brilliant in his utterances, 
he was always safe, accurate and thoughtful in his discourses 
and conversation. If there was much uniformity in the struct- 
ure and treatment of his sermons, it was because it was impos- 
sible that he should be inconsistent with himself, and with his 



350 APPENDIX. 

own ideals which gave his ministry a uniform and conservative 

cast. 

It would be expected that such a man would come in prog- 
ress of time to possess a rounded character^ having compact- 
ness, symmetry and completeness. If dazzling in no one par- 
ticular, his life and ministry here have been a steady and health- 
ful light. He stood forth in the public view not to dazzle, but 
as an epistle known and read of men. In how many respects 
has he been your exemplar and guide ? During this full half 
century, he has been calmly and silently putting his real im- 
press upon us ; while we may not have felt the molding hand. 
This town is indebted to Mr. Douglass and his lamented wife, 
in more ways than you are aware of. It was never their ambi- 
tion to lead, or to seem to lead ; they never attempted to say 
or do startling things, yet there was a silent impression and 
molding that came from their unfelt hand, which will never be 
obliterated. 

If Mr. Douglass said less to you in private than you might 
have expected, or than others may have said, yet his very si- 
lence had a voice; there was an utterance in his whole influ- 
ence ; there was a power of steadfastness and of example in him 
which outweighs words in worth. If winds of controversy shook 
the place, the eye naturally turned on him. His steadfastness 
was a talisman more assuring than argument. It was argu- 
ment. 

But better than all, Mr. Douglass was a safe leader in relig- 
ious things. He was no extremist. You did not have to hear 
him preach very long before you felt that he believed the Bible 
to be true, and that he believed that Jesus Christ was the only 
Saviour of the world. He never tired in his preaching of the 
atonement of Christ.^ his sacrificial offering on the cross for sin, 
for our sins, and the sins of the world. He hung the hope of 



APPENDIX. 351 

the world on the cross. He saw every doctrine of religion cen- 
ter in the cross. He made religion to consist in a hearty and 
practical belief in the Lord Jesus Christ as the Redeemer of the 
world. He inculcated morality in every form, but would have 
it an evangelical morality, to be worth anything in salvation. 
So his ministry was truly a gospel ministry, not a sensational 
one, not a startling one ; but on the whole a useful and success- 
ful one. Several revivals of religion marked its progress ; one 
in 1822; a more powerful one in 1831 ; another of less power 
in 1840 ; another of larger extent in 1857 ; and still another in 
connection with the labors of his colleague, Rev. Mr. Smith, in 
1876. 

Upon the whole, it is a remarkable man in many respects, 
that has left you; a man of sharply delineated character, of 
truest manhood, of unshaken principle ; gifted with great dis- 
cernment and sagacity, having insight by nature into the rela- 
tion and fitness of things ; of the thoroughest common sense, 
accurate in judgment, unambitious (he delighted to have others 
benefit his people), unostentatious, with rare contentment in 
his position, without covetousness or the whisperings of re- 
proach ; such a one has passed from among you to the heavenly 
home, where many loved ones awaited him, and the Saviour, 
we doubt not, has welcomed him. 

It is rare that one passes away from earth so full of years, and 
with all the conditions of life so fully met. He had crowned 
the half century of his ministry in the same place. How few 
there are in this age who do this! It has been a peaceful and 
pleasant ministry, quite free from agitation and hurtful contro- 
versy. 

And then, he never lost the affection and confidence of his 
people, nor they his. He loved them and they loved him unto 
the end. 



352 APPENDIX. 

Another condition was most happily realized in his compan- 
ion, Mrs. Lucy Abbott Douglass; who shared his labors and 
trials a full half century. Few have done as much, and 
done it so well, as she. Indeed, very few xoere so much, and 
yet so free from faults, as she. Rarely have ever so many ex- 
cellences met in one. She was too much to be lost to either 
friendship or society. Such are not lost. The indebtedness 
of this town to her example in the one respect of training her 
family is more than can be estimated. 

Friends of my earlier and later manhood, farewell ! Take 
these poor words as the tribute and token of my regard for 
you, which I would leave as chaplets upon your graves. 

Under such favoring conditions as these Mr. Douglass labor- 
ed on until the responsibilities of his work had become heavy; 
he then chose to have them shared by another, who took the 
place of colleague, to whom he became as a father, and he to 
him as a son, but who fell prematurely in death. And there 
stands over him as he lies robed in death, one justly dear to 
him, upon whom the mantle of the deceased pastor and of the 
deceased colleague has fallen. May he be strengthened in this 
trying hour, now that his tried friend and counselor has gone 
to bis rest and crown. 



APPENDIX. 353 



The following poem was read at the funeral : 
THE PASTOR'S FUNERAL. 



He yet speaketh. 



BY EEV. J. E. RAiS^KIN. 



The Sabbath bell, to him so sweet, 
The bell obeyed so many a year, 

Rings out again our ears to greet ; 
The people meet; will he appear? 

Will he walk up the wonted aisle, 
His thin and silv'ry locks behind, 

Radiant with that paternal smile. 

That spoke his gentle, tranquil mind ? 

Ah, yes, he comes ! the sweet old man, 
The wise, the beautiful, the good; 

And we again his face shall scan, 

And see him stand, where oft he's stood. 

He comes as ne'er he came before ; 

He comes, but others bear him on ; 
He comes to speak to us once more, 

Tho' voice and eye and soul are gone. 

The living say the fitting word. 
The living chant, the living pray; 

But yet it seems that we have heard 
The dead more audibly to-day. 



INDEXES 



INDEX OF SUBJECTS. 357 



INDEX I. 



INDEX OF SUBJECTS. 

Address Historical, by Henry P. Warren, 9-223. 

Addresses Centennial: A. S. Kimball, 318; Rev. William Warren, d.d., 

321; Eev. Cyrus Hamlin, d.d., 326; Eev. Delano Perry, 329; Dr. 

TbomasH. Gage, 329; Albert Barker, .383; Capt. Thomas Swan, .334 

Dr. N. T. True, 334; Eev. David Garland, 335; Samuel Warren, 338 

Eev. John A. Douglass, 340; Dr. Oren Horr, 340; James M. Shaw 

340 ; Dr. John A. Douglass, 340. 
Baptist church and ministers, 93-6 ; Baptists in Oxford county, 145. 
Birth of first boy in Waterford, 40, 255; first girl, 40, 265. 
Blacksmiths, 102, 109, 229, 235, 240, 268, 285. 

Boundary between Massachusetts aud New Hampshire settled, 13. 
Boundaries of Waterford, 65, 73. 
Brick layer, 298 ; brick making, 46. 
Bucket factoi-y, 109. 
Cabinet making, 239, 269, 298. 
Canada townships, 11. 
Canal projected, 182. 
Carding mill, 110, 264. 
Carpenters, 242, 245, 259, 279, 302. 
Carriage building aird trimming, 109, .305. 
Centennial celebration: town action, 314-15; proceedings, 313- 

344, addresses, see that title ; poems, see that title. 
Chaise, the first in Waterford, 256. 
Church, the first organized, 82. Of diflferent denominations, see their 

names. 
Clothier, 246, 264, 278. 
Cold seasons, 36, 127. 
Congregational churches and ministers, 80, 148, 152, 155; Second 

church, 152. 



358 INDEX OF SUBJECTS. 

Cooperage, 47, 238, 281, 287, 295, 298. 

Douglass, Rev. John A., Memorial of, 347. 

Dwellings: bark, 42; log houses, .53, 72, 106; first frame house, 51; 

dwellings in 1802, 72 ; other references, 46, 50, 131. 
Embargo, remonstrance against, 124. 
Family, the first in Waterford, 257. 
Families, Eecokd of, 225-309. 
Flax, 109. 
Foundry, 109. 
Fulling mill. 111. 

Habits and Customs, Early, 45, 53, 131. 
Harness maker, 305. 
Harvard College lot, 15. 
Henniker, N. H., see Todds-toion. 
Hills in Waterford, 73. 
Hotels: the first one, 106, 161; others, 161. 
Hygienic Institute, 163, 194. 
Incorporation of Waterford : petition for, 57-60 ; petition and remon- 

ti-ance as to boundaries, 60; answer to remonstrance, 63. Act of, 65. 
Indian names of places, 17. 
Land grants to soldiers of 1690, 12. 
Lawyers of and from Waterford, 130, 194, 197. 
Live stock in Waterford, see Valuation. 
Local description of Waterford, 73. 
Log houses, 53, 72, 106. 
Lots: owned by settlers, with number, 40-3, 47-9, 58; owners of in 

1797, 69-72 ; owned by non-residents, 114-15 
Lumber trade, 21, 27, 115. See also Pine timber. 
Mail, carried by dog, 2:3. See Postal Facilities. 
Maine: one hundred years ago, 20; successive tiers of towns settled? 

20-22, 134; settlements after the Revolution, 37; separation from 

Massachusetts, 140; population, see Population. 
McWain, the first settler of Waterford, ;30-36. 
Meeting houses: location of in controversy, 57, 84 ; the first house, 

84-90; others, 150-2. 
Meetings, plantation, .57; town, 76. 

Memorial, Rev. J. A. Douglass, by Rev. William Warren, d.d., 347-:353. 
Merchants, 50, 106, 200, 228, 246, 259, 270, 286. 
Methodist church and ministers, 93, 96-100. 
Military training of early N^w England, 9. 
Militia, 119-123, 188. See also Soldiers. 
Mills and mill-sites, 19, 51, 79, 108-112, 261, 277, 286, 303. 
Mill-wright, 242. 
Ministerial lots and fund, 15, 149. 



INDEX OF SUBJECTS. 359 

Ministers : early visiting, 51 ; settlement of the first minister, 80 ; of 
the several denominations, see their names. 

North-eastern boundary trouble, 18G. 

Oxford county, towns when settled and incorporated, 08 ; population of 
county and towns, see Population. 

Paper money, provincial, 11 ; continental, 38. 

Physicians of and from Waterford, 129, 193, 196. 

Pine timber, 21, 112-16. 

Plaster mill, 109. 

Poem, at funeral of Rev. J. A. Douglass, by Rev. J. E. Rankin, 353. 

Poems, Centennial: by Dr. Thomas H. Gage, 329; by Clara M. Doug- 
lass, 341. 

PoUtical record of Waterford, 136-42, 144, 208-17. 

Ponds in Waterford, 75. 

Population: Maine, in 1760, 20; in 1764 and 1772, 29; in 1775 to 1800, 
66; in 1810 and 1820, 134; in decades 1830-1870, 218. Oxford county, 
in 1790 and 1800, 66-69; in 1810 and 1820, 134-5; in decades 1830-1870, 
219. Waterford, in 1786, 1790, and 1800, 69; in 1810 and 1820, 135; in 
decades 1830-1870, 219. 

Postal facilities and routes, 23, 54-7, 117-119, 165. See also Stage Routes. 

Potash, 106. 

Religious worship, early, 51 ; appropriation for in 1797, 79-80; later, see 
Churches and Ministers, Meeting houses, and Taxation. 

Representatives, lists of, 140, 216. 

Ripley, Rev. Lincoln, the first minister, 80-2, 148. 

Roads, early, 22-27; the " Scoggiu trail," 42; first road built in Water- 
ford, 48; others, 48-50, 104-6, 165, 184, 256. See also Stage Routes. 

Rowley, colony from, 47-8. 

Schools: early, 53; votes regarding and appropriation for in 1797, 79- 
80; school houses, 100; school lots and fund, 15, 186. 

Settlement of Waterford, .30. 

Settlers: McWain, 30; of 1780 and 1781, 36; of 1783, 41; of 1785 and 
1786, 43; from Rowley, 47-8. 

Shingle mill, 112. 

Shoemakers, 247, 251, 281. 

Soldiers : of 1690, 11-13 ; of the Revolution, 37 ; of the war of 1812, 125 ; 
of the North-eastern boundary dispute, 187 ; of the war of 1861, 202-7. 

Songo river, proper name of Crooked river, 76. 

Stage Routes and Owners, 22, 55-7, 165-185. 

Steamer Faimi, 174, 179. 

Stores, trading: the first one, 50, 106, 200 ; others, 200. 

Surplus Revenue, 186. 

Surveys of Waterford, 16-19. 

Tailors, 250, 324. 



360 INDEX OF SUBJECTS. 

Tanners, 109-10, 228, 243, 273. 

Taxation for religious purposes, and its discontinuance, 90, 145-9. 

Tax-payers, list of in 1797, 69. 

Teachers of and from Waterford, 101, 157, 198, 240, 264, 283. 

Temperance, 85, 189, 191-3. 

Todds-town, now Henniker, N. H., 13; petition of grantees, 14; answer 
to petition, 15 ; Waterford granted in place thereof, 1-5. 

Town house, 149. 

Town officers of Waterford, and political record, 78-9, 136-40, 208-17. 

Towns: granted for military service, 11; successive tiers settled in 
Maine, 20-22, 27: Canada townships, 12; in Oxford county, 68. 

Transportation: saddle, 131; moose-sled, 251; "cars" on poles, 117; 
ox sleds, 249 ; puugs, 160 ; first chaise, 256 ; coaches, see Stage Routes. 

Universalist church and ministers, 158. 

Valuation and live stock, of Waterford, in 1800, 72 ; in 1810 and 1820, 
136; in decades 1830-1870, 219. 

War: of 1690, 10; of the Revolution, 37; of 1812, 125; of the North- 
eastern boundary threatened, 186 ; of 1861, 201-7. 

West Indies, trade with, 21. 



INDEX OF NAMES. 



INDEX I I 



INDEX OF SURNAMES. 

The examiner should uote that a particular surname may occur more than once on 
a given page. 



Abbott, 1.54, 243, 2.5.3, 267, 307 

Adams 212, 258, 264, 269, 288, 308 

Adley, 203, 232 

Aiusworth, 241 

Alexander, 2.54 

Allen, Family '227 ; 70, 203-5, 230, 
236, 240, 258, 270, 298 

Ames, 63 

Anderson, 211, 275 

Andrews, 110, 1.30, 241, 260 

Angle, 252 

Annis, 207 

Ansley, 256 

Autlioine, 299 

Applebee, 164, 180 

Appleton, 211 

Arnold, 250 

Atherton, Family 227; 37, 43, 62, 69, 

78, 110, 111. 122, 126, 148, 158, 205, 

210, 228, 241, 245, 252, 2.57, 268, 

273-4, 277, 294, 301, 304-5 

24 



Ayer, no 

Babb, 257 

Backman 244 

Bailey, Family 229; 109, 2.36, 261, 

264, 308 

Baker, Family 229 ; 70, 78, 83, 101, 

148, 155, 213, 230, 248, 314, 325 

Ball, 93-4, 233, 297 

Ballard, 290 

Bancroft, 253; 

Bangs, 270, 300 

Barker, Family 230; 19, 37, 41, 62^ 

70, 78-9, 81, 158, 198, 227-8, 231, 

234, 237, 258, 270-2, 274, 280, 293, 

305, 333 

Barnard, 43, 45-6, 55, 166, 247, 273, 

287 

Barnes, 244, 291 

Barrett, 239 

Barron, 264= 



362 



IXDEX OF NAMES. 



Barrows, Ill, 165 

Barstow, 301 

Bartlett, 195, 213, 258, 286 

Bates, 246 

Beal, 215 

Bean, 235 

Beard, 262 

Beatie, 232, 237, 248 

Beckler, 152 

Beedle, 172 

Beeman, 270 

Beemis, 115 

Bell, 111,305 

Bennett, 240 

Bent, 273 

BeounsoD, 212 

Bergen 308 

Berry, 281 

Bessy, 257 

Billings, Family 231; 94, 126, 158, 

203, 232, 243, 253, 259, 268, 279, 

293,301,303 

Bisbee, Family 232; 49, 58, 111, 126, 

158, 200, 205-6, 211-14, 233, 253, 
284, 300 

Blackington, 269 

Blaisdell, 268 

Blake, 184 

Blauchard, 204 

Bliss, 284 

Blodget, 231 

Bolster, 280 

Borden, 303 

Bostick, 303 

Boston, 227, 255 

Bos well 201, 203, 278,282 

Bowers, 268-9 

Bowman, 261 

Brackelt, 232 

Bradbury, 193, 214, 260, 301 

Bradley, 24, 238 

Bridge, 295 

Briggs, 233, 246 

Brigham, Family 233; 60, 64, 69, 91, 
126, 136, 195, 274 



Broad, 55 

Brooks, 139, 261, 304 

Brown, Family 234; 17, 22, 24, 37, 
40-1, 43, 49, 53, 58, 62, 69, 70, 78, 
100-1,107, 110, 112, 114, 116, 126, 
136-9, 148-9; 158-9, 163, 186, 188, 
192, 199, 200, 203, 207-9, 210-17, 
225, 228, 230-1, 235-7, 246, 249^ 
250-2, 259, 267, 269, 271, 277, 2.81, 
283, 285, 290, 298, 304, 314, 325 

Browning, 256 

Bryant, Family 237; 44, 148, 158, 
231, 236, 258-9, 279, 288 

Buck, 232 

Bumpus, 283 

Burbank, 24, 300 

Burches, 284 

Burgoyne, 37 

Burke, 273 

Burnell, Family 237; 205, 238 

Burnham, 217, 250, 252, 261, 278, 301 

Burns, 244 

Butters, 204, 207 

Byram, 159 

Gaboon, 245 

Cailiff, 110 

Caldwell, 112, 238 

Campbell, 209 

Carlton, Family 239; 152, 196, 
212-13, 264, 273, 309 

Carruth, 234 

Carter, Family 238; 130, 197, 200, 
227-8, 248, 252 

Case, 64 

Casely, 300 

Caswell, 230-1, 307 

Chadbourne, 71, 110, 203, 207, 236, 

289 

Cbadwick 291 

Cbamberlain, Family 239; 37, 43-4, 

50, 57, 00-2, 70, 76, 83, 85, 136-7, 

150, 214-15, 256, 276, 289 

Channing, 87 



INDEX OF NAMES. 



363 



Chaplin, Family 240; 19, 37, 47,49, 

60, G4, 70, 78, S3, 94, 101-2, 124, 126, 

136-7, 150, 206, 209, 210, 212, 210, 

243, 2G3, 286, 324 

Chapman, 24, 243, 260 

Chase, 205, 260 

Cheever, 70 

Childs, 256 

Chubb, 237 

Church, 52, 82-3, 165 

Churchill, 229 

Chute, 71, 165 

Cilley, Family 240; 241 

Clark, 231-2 

Cleaveland, 256 

Cobb, 108, 137, 159, 267 

Coburn, 214 

Cockrain, 249 

Coffin, 22-3, 51, 131, 157-8, 206, 248, 
281-2, 303 

Cole 205 

Colley, 295 

Combs, 273 

Conant, 62, 70, 260, 263 

Connor, 216 

Cony, 214 

Cook, 243,271 

Coolard, 229 

Coolidge, Family 241 ; 94, 111,158, 
242, 255, 278, 281 

Cornwallis, 37 

Corser, 169, 239, 248 

Cotton, 278 

Cousins, 173-5, 177-9, 247 

Craumore, 242 

Crombie, Family 242; 129, 228, 241, 

297 

Cromwell, 206 

Crosby, 212-13, 282 

Crosman, 257 

Cross, Family 242; 70, 94, 115, 126, 

204, 271, 325 

Crowuinshield, 139 



Cummings, Family 238; 31, 50, 57, 

60, 04, 70, 76-9, 82-, 109, 120, 126, 

129, 136, 216, 239, 248, 295-6 

Cutler, 249 

Cutting, 261 

Daggett, 229, 238 

Dana, 212-13, 308 

Daniels, 110 

Danley, 164, 205-6, 294 

Davenport, Family 242 ; 60, 70, 206, 

240, 243, 269 

Davis, Family 243; 175, 212, 258, 

262, 268, 273, 277, 282, 303 

Day, 269 

Dearborn, 139, 261 

Dela, 242 

Demming, 277 

Dennis, 308 

Dexter, 138-9 

Dillingham, 244 

Dingley, 215-16, 301 

Dinsmore, 231 

Dodge, 268 

Dorr, 274-5 

Douglass, Family 243 ; 50, 52, 70, 82, 

106, 114-15, 129, 148, 153-4, 196, 

215-16, 244, 340-1, 345, 347, 349, 

350, 352 

Dow, 154 

Dresser, 205, 217, 263, 289 

Drew, 164 

Drinkwater, 93 

Dudley, Family 244; 70, 91, 111, 164, 
205, 211, 245, 267, 287 

Duuham, 254, 292 

Dunlap, 210 

Dunmore, 261 

Dupee, 235 

Dustan, Dustin, 205, 308 

Dyer, 242 

Earles, 245 

Eastman, 116, 194, 215, 246, 282, 296, 
299, 308 



364 



INDEX OF NAMES. 



Eaton, 302 

Edgerly, Ill 

Edwards, 269, 293-4 

Ellingwood, 235 

Ellis, 235, 268 

Ellsworth, Family 245 ; 158, 227 

Emerson,... 153, 171, 227, 255-6, 262 

Emei-y, 194 

Estes 258 

Etter, 204 

Evans, 217, 229, 248, 253 

Eveleth, 244 

Everett, 72, 253 

Fairbanks, Family 245; 100, 155, 
229, 259, 281, 306 

Fairfield, 210-11 

Farley, 253, 288 

Farmer, Family 307; 282, 287 

Farnsworth, 70, 287, 297 

Fairar, Family 246; 107, 109, 124, 

138-9, 140, 163, 200, 209, 235, 24.5, 

248-9, 295, 309, 325 

Farrington, 25, 262-3, 282, 288 

Farwell, 130, 160 

Faulkner, 2.53 

Faunce, 194 

Fernald, 244 

Fessenden,..24, 52, 82-3, 193, 211-12 

Fiske, 201, 268, 302 

Fletcher,. .70, 229, 249, 254, 259, 276 

Flint, 64, 233, 235, 258-9, .300 

Fogg 70, 214, 273, 275, 303 

Follett, 286 

Folsom, 290 

Foote, 284 

Forbes, 159 

Ford, 211-12, 217, 254 

Forsythe, 295 

Foss, 241 

Foster, 232, 247, 295, 306 

Fowler, 265 

French, 193, 236-7, 243 

Friend, 175 

Frisbie, 109, 126 



Frost, 163, 217, 29 

Frye, 17, 24, 65, 76-8, 82, 217, 248, 

263-4, 284 

Fuller, 235 

Gage, Family 246 ; 130, 152, 175, 193, 
196, 198-9, 209, 247, 298, 329 

Gale, 229 

Gamwell, 283 

Gardiner, Gardner, 13-16, 30, 62, 281 

Garland, 320, 335 

Garner, 230 

Gates, 306 

Gay, 281 

Gerry, Family 249; 96, 136-9, 159, 
164, 195, 198, 208-17, 249, 290, 315, 

325 

Gibson, 51, 62, 70, 110 

Gilbert, 285 

Gilson, 2.57, 306 

Goddard, 265, 291 

Goodenow, 194, 209-10, 280 

Goodrich, 260 

Goodwin, 138 

Gordon, 194, 269 

Gore 137-S 

Gorham 23 

Gossum, 291 

Gould,. . ..155, 217, 231, 266, 286, 297 

Graham, 165 

Grant, 70, 200, 277 

Green, Greene, Family 247; 37, 
45-9, 00, 64, 70, 75, 78, S3, 91, 121, 
138-9, 150-2, 157, 188, 194, 196-7, 
199, 201, 203, 206, 208-9, 213, 229, 
239, 248, 258-9, 264, 269, 284, 295- 
298-9, 305, 323 

Greenleaf, 101 

Greenwood, 239 

Grover 24, 230, 2JS, 266, 286, 308 

Guerney, 267 

Gurley, 159 

Haines, 71, 206, 213-14 



INDEX OF NAMES. 



365 



Hale, Family 249 ; 37, 60. 62, 70, 78, 

90, 96, 98, 110, 126, 158, 164, 169, 

188, 200, 209, 234-6, 238, 248, 

250-1, 258-9, 260, 291, 295, 308, 

315, 317, 324 

Hall, 71,257-8,291 

Hamlin, Family 251 ; 37, 41-2, 60-2, 
64,69, 70-1, 76-8, 80-1, 90, 102, 
109, 113, 124, 131, 136-7, 140, 156, 
158, 196, 200, 205, 208, 212-13, 216, 
228, 232, 235-8, 241, 252-3, 256, 268, 
278, 280, 285, 292, 302, 304, 308, 
325-6 

Hammond, 62, 70 

Handy, 273 

Hapgood, Family 253; 40, 78, 81, 

85, 108, 110, 121-2, 126, 158, 186, 

200, 203, 209, 210-12, 214-17, 237, 

254-5, 272, 276-7, 290, 305 

Harding, 241, 253 

Harlow, 206 

Harmon, 244 

Harnden, 254 

Harriman, 282 

Harrington, 257 

Harris, 301-2 

Hartford, 189 

Hartshorn, 257, 308 

Haskell, Family 255; 94, 96, 110, 

126,187, 195-6, 206, 234,241,258, 

263, 281, 291, 293 

Haskius, Family 255 ; 157, 200, 239, 

251, 256 

Hastings, 122, 263 

Hathaway, 129, 137, 238 

Hawes, 297 

Hawkins, 159 

Hay, Family 256 ; 129, 130, 257 

Hayes 52, 307 

Hay ward, 287 

Hazelton, Heselton, 217, 307-8 

Heald, 122, 216, 257-8 

Heath, , 204 

Henrys, 259 

Hersey, 126, 214-15, 265, 289 



Heselton, see Hazelton. 

Hich born, 215 

Hidden, 52, 82-3 

Hill, 122, 217, 308 

Hilton, 72, 229, 231, 233, 308 

Hinkley, 303 

Hinman 206, 227 

Hobbs, 158, 195, 217, 235, 257, 268, 

304 

Hobson, Family 257 ; 47-8, 293 

Hodges, 256 

Hodsdon, 240 

Holden, 267, 290-1, 295 

Holland, 62, 209 

Holman, 276 

Holmes, 213, 263, 300 

Holt, 64, 126, 212, 214, 227, 239, 
247-8, 250, 269, 273, 283, 297, 305 

Hopkins, 304 

Hor, Horr, Family 257 ; 42-3, 60, 64, 

70-1, 150, 196-7, 199, 203-4, 227, 

243, 248, 258, 265, 270, 279-80, 

301-2, 306, 324, 340 

Hosmer, 216 

Houghton, Family 2.58; 37, 60, 70, 
72, 94-5, 98, 125, 137, 148, 158, 
163-4, 188, 193, 206, 209, 210-12, 
217, 232, 237, 241, 249, 259-60, 263, 
266, 280, 285, 298, 301, 306, 314, 324 

Housen, 273 

Howard, 214, 254, 258, 264, 276-7, 288 

Howarth, 244 

Howe, Family 260; 72, 118, 148, 171, 
195, 209, 250-1, 272, 274, 289 

Howell, 270 

Hoyt, 290 

Hubbard, 209, 210, 212, 271 

Hunkins, 193 

Hunnewell, 229 

Hunton, 209 

Huse, 270 

Hutchins, 174 

Hutchinson, 14, 268, 282 

Hsley, 211, 238 



366 



INDEX OF NAMES. 



Ingalls, 24, 128 

Irish, 231, 284 

Jacksou, 156, 185, 236, 253 

Jacobs, 241, 259 

Jameson, 214 

Jefferds, 244 

Jenness, 249 

Jewell, Family 260; 36-7, 51, 70, 79, 

101, 108-9, 126, 148, 158, 186, 

2U9-10, 261, 271, 274, 292-3, 303 

Jewett, Family 262; 47, 59, 60, 64, 

70-2, 78, 83, 91, 94-6, 1U2, 105, 111, 

121, 139, 150, 152, 164, 201, 204, 

215, 248, 259, 26o-4, 266, 279, 302, 

314, 323 

Jodonn, 275 

Johnson, Family 264; 37, 40, 43, 49, 

02, 71, 78. 130, 216, 257, 265, 290 

Jones, Family 205; 121, 126, 233, 

257-8, 287, 293 

Jordan, 70. 158, 204, 206, 229, 283, 

286, 294 

Joselyn, 248 

Keene, 308 

Kellogg, 297 

Kemp, 266 

Kendall, J 62. 70 

Keudiick, 283 

Kennard, 273 

Kenney, 294 

Kennison, .252 

Kent, 210-11 

Ketclium, 264 

Keyes, 125, 252 

Kezar, 75 

Kilborn, Kilborne, Families 265 and 

266; 48, 70, 126, 150, 152, 188, 2li6, 
242,247, 281,289, 298 
Kilgoie, Family 266 and 307; 71, 78 

126, 1U7, 205,245, 251, 267, 272, 308 
Kimball, Family 2G8; 26,32, 37, 48, 

70, 72, 94-5, 107, 120, 126, 158, 163, 

171, 175, 177, 182, 193, 195, 204, 



214-17, 228, 230-2, 236, 238,243, 

248, 251, 261, 267, 269,' 270, 273-4, 

279, 285, 300, 303-4, 316-18 

King, 139,200 

Kingman, Family 269; 60, 62,70-1, 
78, 129, 197, 231, 256, 270, 280, 305 

Kitson, 229 

Kneeland, 71, 174, 203, 253, 302 

Knight, Family 270; 111, 116, 156, 

200, 203, 215, 217, 232, 269, 278-9, 

282-3, 293, 299, 300 

Knowltou, 232 

Knox, 230 

Ky te, 155 

Lamson, 298 

Lane, 210,247 

Lang, 295 

Langley, 301 

Lary, 300 

Lawrence, 156, 264 

Learned, 72 

Leavitt, 266 

Lebroke, Ill 

Lervey, 284 

Libby, Libbey, 155, 206, 270, 299, 306 

Lilly, 306 

Lincoln, 129, 138, 209, 243, 249 

Little, 52, 262 

Littlefield, 258-9 

Locke, Ill 

Lombard, 252 

Long, 232, 252 

Ijongt'ellow, 326 

Longley, Family 270; 35, 37, 48, 50, 
52, 57, 62, 71, 79, 80, 106-9, 111, 
117, 120, 122, 126, 136, 138, 158, 
161, 163, 165, 200, 203, 210-11, 234, 
242, 260-1, 271-3, 285, 299, 301, 325 

Lord 205,267 

Loren, .256 

Lovell, 253 

Lovejoy. 213, 217, 230, 235, 280, 299, 

304 
Lovewell, 24, 75 



INDEX OF NAMES. 



567 



Lowe, 300 

Lowell 304 

Lufkiu, 296 

Lunt, 241 

Lyucb, 112 

Lynde, 237 

Mack, 303 

Magqxiier, 243 

Mallard,.., 308 

Maloy, 238 

Manchester, 266 

Mann, 262 

Manning, 262 

Manson, 69 

Marrett, 52, 82 

Marston, 282 

Martin, Martyn, 282, 306 

Mason, 249, 259, 270 

Maxfield, 1Q4, 173-6, 179, 180, 213, 

301 

Maxwell, 285 

Maybury, 277-8, 302 

Maynard, 14, 244 

McAlister, 217, 237 

McDonald, 278 

McEllory, 294 

McElvaine, 286 

McElwain, same as McWain, ... 62 

Mclntire, 212, 215-16 

McKay, 264 

McKeeu, 205, 283 

McKenney, McKinney, 159, 268, 308 

McKnight, 267 

McPhail, 260 

McWain, Family 272 ; 30-6, 41, 62, 67, 

71-2, 84, 90, 110, 136, 165, 254, 

270-1, 308, 

Mead, 243, 271 

Merrill, 158. 207, 235, 241, 263, 292, 
294, 300, 302, 306 

Meserve, 235 

Metell, .231 

Miles, 238 

Miller, 109, 267 



Millett 193, 200, 232, 273, 284 

Milliken, 205 

Mills, 2.34,262 

Mitchell, 300 

Moffits, 94 

Monroe, Munroe, Family 273; 24, 

51, 71, 109-11, 122, 138-9, 159, 203, 

209, 211-14, 217, 228, 239, 269, 290, 

315, 325 

Montcalm, 24 

Moody, 139, 254 

Moore, Family 273; 228, 231, 233, 
237, 274, 276, 292 

Morrill, 213 

Morse, Family 274; 37, 110, 163^ 200, 

209, 211, 234, 244-5, 261, 268, 273, 

275, 278, 292, 305 

Morton, 245 

Mosher, 71, 104-5, 150, 165, 257, 262, 

266 

Motley, 266 

Moulton, Family 275; 71, 240,298, 

305 

Muffitt, 126 

Murray, 159 

Nay, 2.58 

Nelson, Family 275; 200, 211 

Nevers, 216, 303, 306 

Newbegin, 265 

Newell, 155 

Newton, 249 

Niles, 185 

Noble, 200, 214-15, 291,305 

Norcross, 245 

Nourse, Nurse, Family 276; 49, 62, 

71, 78, 81, 83-4, 1.52, 235-6, 254, 

259, 277, 282, 300 

Noyes, 263 

Nutter, 174 

Nutting, 304 

Osbourne, 271 

Osgood, 24, 112, 155, 194 

Owen, 268 



368 



INDEX OF NAMES. 



Packard, 250, 263 

Page, Family 277; 94, 126, 200, 204, 
206, 278 

Paine, Payne, 166, 258, 283 

Park, 251-2 

Parker, 203,253, 264,282 

Parkhurst, 251, 294 

Parks, 210 

Parris, 208-9,213 

Parsons, 256-7 

Partridge, 299 

Pattee, 216,244,294 

Paugus (Indian) 75 

Peables, Peebles, 194, 217 

Peabody, 82, 265,300 

Peck, 256,261 

Perham, 215 

Perkins, Family 278;. ..Ill, 158, 205 

Perley,.70, 115-16, 128, 174, 249, 297 

Perry, Family 278; 110, 211, 227, 

245, 253, 329 

Pettengill, 266 

Petty, Pettee, 112, 267 

Phillebrown, 209 

Phillip, l;^« 

Phiuney, 227-8 

Phips, 10-12 

Pierce, 63, 115, 174 

Pike, Family 278; 71, 194, 279, 291, 
301-2, 305-6 

Pillsbury, 213-15 

Pingree, 217, 275 

Piper, 302 

Plaisted, 305 

plummer. Family 279 ; 42, 47-8, 58, 
60, 64, 70-1, 78, 83-4, 91, 94, 100, 
104, 107, 136-9, 153, 164, 169, 
203-5. 208-9, 210-14, 230-1, 236-7, 
242, 257-8, 260, 262, 269, 270, 280, 
285, 287-9, 294, 297, 299, 302, 314, 

324 

Pollard 122,235,201 

Pond, 214 

Poole, 204 

Poor, 291,293 



Porter, 58, 84, 107, 130, 200, 246, 292 

Potter, 243,257 

Powers, 265 

Pratt, Family 281 ; 138, 241 

Prentiss, 103 

Prescott, 9, 163, 194 

Preston, 238 

Pride, Family 281 ; 71, 99, 110, 126, 
210,' 234, 245 

Priest 233 

Prince, 242, 246, 305 

Proctor, Family 281 ; 38, 43, 85, 112, 
126, 206, 282-3, 293-4, 307, 324 

Puffer, 276 

Purinton, 70 

Putnam, 9 

Quimby, 159 

Ramsdell, 64, 71 

Rand, 201, 204, 214-17, 2.50, 260, 263, 
280, 284, 314 

Randall, 288 

Rankin, 353 

Ray, 207, 262 

Raymond, 268 

Reed, 213,243 

Rice, Family 283; 14, 38, 4-3-4, 48, 

71, 80, 83, 101-2, 136-9, 140, 142, 
165-6, 180, 208, 277, 284, 325 

Rich, 238, 253 

Richards, 259, 306 

Richardson, 237-8, 250, 278, 303 

Rideout, 264 

Eiggs, 258,265 

Ripley, Family 284; 15, 80-4, 93, 95, 

98, 120, 145-8, 152-3, 157, 187, 256, 

285 

Robbins, Family 285; 41, 62, 71,91, 

120, 136-7, 253, 259, 271, 305 

Roberts, 21.5-16, 267, 328 

Robie, 52, 82-3 

Robinson, 110, 153, 197-8, 200, 203, 
211-14, 285 

Rodgers, Rogei-s, 211 , 277, 289 

Rollins, 301 



INDEX OF NAMES. 



369 



Ross, 230 

Rounds, Family 285; 159, 160, 199, 
237, 286 

Rowe 280 

Russell, Family 286; 18, 59, 111, 165, 
203, 249, 303 

Sampson, Family 286; 41, 50, 59, 60, 

64, 71, 78, 232, 287, 294, 296, 299, 

300, 302, 307 

Sanborn, 262, 270 

Sanders, Saunders, Family 288; 

47-8, 59, 60, 64, 71, 83, 94,101, 210, 

213, 239, 240, 266, 289, 292, 297-8. 

306, 324 

Sanderson, Family 287; 38, 52,62, 

71, 83, 97, 99, 110-11, 146, 198, 

210, 212-14, 217, 237, 255, 263, 272, 

295, 302 

Sargent, 246, 264, 284 

Savage, 254, 307 

Sawin, Family 289; 94, 111, 150, 

164, 169, 172, 210, 212-13, 215, 237, 

249, 254, 265, 290, 324 

Sawyer, 108, 158, 217, 261, 271, 273, 

276, 303 

Say ward, 171 

Scott, 188,242 

Scribner,. 173, 300 

Scripture, 235, 268 

Seavey, 203, 206-7, 257, 291 

Segar, 22, 25 

Shackley 250 

Shattuck, 71, 159, 163, 194 

Shaw, Family 291 ; 71, 78, 96, 98, 

136-7, 144, 146, 169, 190, 211-14, 

216, 227, 234, 250, 273, 278-9, 296, 

305, 340 

Shedd, 215, 282 

Sbee, 64 

Shepherd, 267 

Sherburne, 155 

Shurtleflf, 229, 230 

Silla, 228, 275 

Simkius, 82 

25 



Simpson, 215 

Sinclair, 71 

Skillings 234, 308 

Skinner, 261 

Small, 294 

Smart, 214 

Smith, 62, 72, 78, 94, 109, 118, 120, 

126, 137, 155, 172, 204, 209-10, 213, 

215, 233, 254, 256, 275, 289, 314, 

319, 351 

Sprague, 210, 291 

Spi'ing, 215 

Spurr, 261, 271 

Stan wood, 69, 70-1, KO, 109, 159, 
163, 274 

Stark 9 

Steadman, 284 

Stearns, 70, 235 

Stephens, Stevens, Family 291 ; 19, 

62, 159, 204-6, 228-9, 230, 234, 257, 

296, 308 

Stewart, 243, 254, 308 

Stickney, 262-3, 288 

Stiles, 230-1 

Stone, Family 292; -38, 49, 62, 72, 78, 
81, 83, 101, 105, 136-9, 152, 155, 165, 
188, 197, 205-6, 208-9, 210, 228, 
231, 236, 250-1, 253, 255, 257, 261, 
268-9, 275-6, 278-9, 280, 282-3, 288, 
291, 293-5, 297, 299, 301, 304, 307, 

325 

Stowell 286 

Strickland 290 

Strong, 136-9, 125 

Sullivan, 137 

Swain, 273 

Swallow, 238 

Swan, Family 295;. 62-3, 70, 72, 78^. 
100, 106, 122, 152, 158, 198, 200, 212, 
216, 232, 246-8, 250, 298, 314,. 324^ 

334 

Sweet, 265 

Sweetsir, 257, 266 

Sylvester, 203, 306 



370 



INDEX OF NAMES. 



Talbot, 212 

Talker, 264 

Taylor, 250, 291 

Temple, 260, 290 

Tenuey, 159, 253 

Thayer, 290 

Thompson, Family 295; 52, 159, 
296, 304 

Thorns, Thomes, 174, 299 

Thorpe 259 

Thurston, 250 

Tidd, 300 

Titcomb, 215-16 

Tobin, 210 

Todd, 288 

Tomlinson, 245 

Towne, 255, 265 

Trafton, 304 

Treadwell, Family 296; 152, 200,240, 
280, 289, 292-3, 295, 297, 303 

Treat, 261 

True, 308,334 

Trull, 126,234 

Tucker, 215-16 

Tukey, 237 

Turner, 234 

Tuttle, 255, 283 

Twitchell, .24, 126 

Tworably, 308 

Upperman, 286 

Upton, 110, 230, 270, 274 

Usher, 210 

Varnum, 138 

Waite, 249, 269 

Walcott, 257 

Walker, Family 297; 112, 116, 130, 
174, 242, 249, 271, 295 

Ward, 16, 204 

"Ward Artemas," (Charles F. 
Browne), 199, 334 

Wardwell, 122, 232, 239 

Ware, 303 

Warner, 9 | 



Warren, Family 298; 19, 40, 43-6, 
49, 59, 60, 64, 71-2, 75, 78, 80, 83, 
91, 100, 104-5, 108, 111, 115-16, 
121-2, 126, 137, 150-2, 157, 163, 165, 
191-2, 200, 213, 216-17, 235, 247-8, 
254, 259, 262-3, 266, 292, 299, 
314-15, 319, 320, 323, 345, 347 

Washburn, 214 

Waterhouse, 169, 172, 267 

Watkins, 243 

Watson, Family 299; 62, 72, 78,80, 

109, 110, 152, 158, 204, 268, 270, 277, 

287, 293, 300 

Webb, 242 

Webber, 216, 247 

Webster, . .156, 188, 203, 205, 263, 276 

Weeks, 207 

Welch, 255 

Weldman, 256 

Wells, 213 

Wentworth, 303 

West, 267 

Weston, 159, 194, 213, 252, 259, 275 

Wetherbee, 38, 126 

Wheeler, Family 301 ; 120, 126, 228, 

232, 236, 268, 270, 275, 280, 291, 295 

Whitcomb, Family 301 ; 16, 60, 64, 

72,78,83, 136, 139, 158,217,232, 

240, 253, 259, 270, 276-8, 281, 287, 

297, 302-3 

White, 204 

Whiting, 203, 265, 299 

Whitman, Family 303; 13, 15, 16, 

131, 139, 182, 194, 200, 208-10 

Whitney, Family 303; 38, 62, 108, 

111, 124, 138, 171,201,237,239,250, 

290, 296, 304 

Whittier, 173-4, 203, 206 

Wilkius, Family 304; 107, 109, 211, 

213, 236, 251-2, 2()S, 294, 302 

Willard, Family 305; 71, 139, 200, 

208, 247-8, 254, 259, 272, 274, 285, 

291-2, 306 

Williams, 215, 300, 304 

Williard, 227-8 



INDEX OF NAMES. 



371 



Willis, 214,280 

Wilson,. . . .164, 194, 215-16, 227, 281 

Wingate, 139 

Winslow, 231 

Winter, 252 

Wood, Family 306; 203, 205-6, 245, 
263-4, 290, 303 

Woodbury, 121, 137-8, 217 

Woodman, 138 

Woodsum, 229, 252 



Woodward, Woodard, 

Wright, Family 306; 72, 83, 



Wyman, 



206, 252 

121,264, 

289 

216 



York, •72,201 

Young, Family 307; HI, 
200-1, 211, 213-15, 255, 



, 248, 250 

159, 164, 

260, 28U, 

294, 316 



CORRECTIONS. 

Pwic 46, seventeenth line. For " 1788," read " 1798;" and for "four- 
teen " years, read " twelve " years. 

Par/e 50. twenty-fifth ^ine. For "Sampson's pond," read "Chaplin's 
pond." 

PcKje 6S. nineteenth line. For " 1773," read " 1774." 

Pa/je 73. sixth line. Insert that the coarse of the town lines there 
given, "w^as taken in 1850." 

Par/e 7G. first line. For " Tlionias pond," read " Tom pond." 

Paije S5, ftmrteenth line. For " Capt. Ephraim" Hapgood, read 
" Capt. Hezekiah." 

Pa'ie 109. thirteenth line. Richard Bailey occupied the "6th," not 
•■ 4th,'' mill-site. 

Pa:/e 11:2. si.dh line. For " 1810." read " 1800." 

P<uie 178, ninth line. For " flight," read " fight." 

Pa<ie 178. ei;/hteenth line. After "Windham Hill," insert "twelve 
miles." 

Pai/e 182. twenty-fourth line. For "contracted," read "remonstrated." 

Pane 203. thirteenth name. After " P." in.sert "a." 

It is suggested that the reader mark these corrections with a pen. in 
the pro)M>r places. 



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