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3 1833 02243 6700 

Gc 975.2 Schl7h v. 2 pt . 1 
Scharf, J. Thomas 1843-1898. 
History of western Maryland 

Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2010 with funding from 

Allen County Public Library Genealogy Center 

t Y 



: ■ lid MONTGOMERY, CARROLL, I 11,11 

I V/illllVV.'UL/t M11UI1I1IUI I Llj 



;>.n i Dixo 


, Jhj t K j& b Hj i% -i A 1 L 






HI 1. >. I> !. r.IMI I A: 


1 8 8 2. 


ight, 188-2, bv Loi.'i.- H- Kvl:i 




Carroll County : Introductory — First Settlers — Land 
Grants— Erection of County— Bench and Bar— Dis- 
' tinguished .Men— County Officer — .School Statistics 7S9 

Tan.;; town District, Xo. 1 830 

Washington County: General Characters-Agriculture— 
;. m. n — Finances — County Created— Soils and Cli- 
mate—Laud Grant- and Surveys— Indian Antiquities. 973 

Public Officials 9S7 

Roads— Bridges— Turnpikes— Stage-Coaches— Mails- 
Railroads , 994 

Representative Men and Families of Washington County 1011 

CHAP T E 11 X L I V. 
Hagerstown — The First Settler, Jonathan Eager — 
Cresap's Fort — Incorporation or the Town — The First 
Officers— Reminiscences— Prominent Events 1067 


^Religious Denominations 1076 

Bench and Bar of Washington County- The Court- House 
—Early Trials and Executions— Jails— Early Court 
Notes — Distinguished Judges and Lawyers 1106 

Medicine and Physicians 1132 


The Press of Hageratown H41 


Schools and Libraries 1163 

Public Institutions of Hagerstown: Market-House— 
Alinshonso— Water- Works —Telegraph— Street-light- 
ing — Street-paring 11M 


Trade and Industries ol Uagerstown, and Financial In- 

stitutions 1170 

Miscellaneous Societies ai ' Events...., 1183 

CHAPTER L 1 1 1. 
Sharpsburg District 1202 

C !l A P T E P. L I V. 
AH< a- : County : Introductory— Topograph; — Geology 
—Cor, Basin and Iron Ores— Clays— Names of Moun- 
taii -Mi nufactures of Cumberland 1311 


', . Settlements am I Lu ation— First Settlers— County 
and Public Buildings— Early Court9 and Offi- 
cials— Executions— Political Statistics..... 1342 

Religious Denominations— Charitable and Benevolent 
Associations— Secret Orders aid Societies... 14)0 

Railroads— Leading Industries— Coal Companies— Banks 
and Financial Institutions— Prominent Citizens— Ne- 
orologj 1426 

A)leg»nv County Districts-Orleans District 1457 

Qarrett County ar-d Districts 1511 


Executive Officer-- • '•" l? 

Parens or Baltimore '•••" 

Governors of Maryland to41 

Senators from Man laud IS48 

Members of Constitutional Conventions 1548 

Mnr7land Judiciary ' ■' 

Population of Maryland '••••' 

by Counties I 



Allegany County Court-House 1301 

Alvey, Richard A 11-1 

An! ■;■?, C. B., Uo-hl.-Dt-e ant! Mills ...facing 900 

Bellevue Asylum 

Bi; . , Augustin A 


H Charlc. ) 

-•.. IVifflain.. 
" ., ' ik'f 8r»' 
}:r"-. •■. I i ml. .. 

umilioi), Willi 


sc, C. 

se Bui 




II- ■-•. 


Mayer, Charles F 

McKaig, 'Tbomas J... 

M . re, Joseph 

N ley, I 

,. . . <■: | 

Oakland Hotel facing 15S0 

r, C.H 1404 

. Old Port Frederick 1293 

phM 944 

Paul. TbbUiaS If fiioin;.- 1 ' ' •• 

i. . T.J I6S! 

Pern V.. G facing !■■' I 

)'.: , W. J 14BS 

IVniT, ■:. K;'i» f:.fing 1504 

Porter .' M 1473 

River and Canal at Williamsport 1221 

Hotel facing 1340 

Recwb, Andrew " 1308 

Rhind, J ihn 1395 

Rim-hart, Samuel 1257 

!. I Id, •' ■:. ■"•: 1 l f '2l 

Roberts, Charle ii facing 81T 

Robinson, William 1340 

Rogers (' immodore J"lii> 1091 

Ri ••;.. - mud, resident of facing 982 

Kyai I '505 

,1J.M 1*06 

So U.. . '.:• irge 1 128 

Scl •;.. Fredericks I' 1 '-' 

Si lames M 1! "- 

berl .1 facing 1207 

. . .. vcrnor Horatio " 1204 

Shaw, A. B ; "67 

j SlingluiT, L. P 005 

Smith, Samuel P '■ tween 1402, 1403 

■raker, D. H 1310 

59 Stonebrakcr, J. W facing 1179 

17 I Stonebreaker, Samuel A " 1V,U 

i, William N 958 I Stouebrak'or, Samuel " 1?03 

William M 877 VfStiiwbridge'a Log Meeting- House 

between 1402, 140.'; 


lacing 874 

Bi -■, G ■ geW 1-39 

Rn • ' • masC farinp *70 

Citj nail and Academy of Music, Cumberland 137G 

Combs, U. Wheeler - '542 

C . i'. lorats Monument H02 

■ : Francis -I I 

Curium, William 1246 

. n.B.S facing 1233 

Deer Park Hotel " 1443 

Dortoy, Frederick 1184 

Doyle, F. C 1245 

Elliott, Commodore Jesse D 1029 

Embrey. Theodore 

Farrow, J. II " 122? 

[onameul 1216 

Fort Cumborlaud in lioi facing 1324 

1, . ■ i Inn, Baltimore 1<>00 

Garrett, Jotm V. facing 1515 

(-;.. . i..-n. 'Vrjecai 920 

! " . 

. tV 







Syester, A. K' 

Ti. . Henry K :.. 

Towson, Gen. Nathan.... 

Turner, Benjamin L 

Updegraff, William 

Walsh, William 


Ward, William 

Watson, Col. William II. 

ug 1 1 

1059 Wclfley.D.P 

1443 V.'eliy, John 

1398 Wtitson, Moses 



'I i 






-Land Gra 

-fc-m-h aai 

l';tr — Dhtirw.'i l - ( >i 

The territory embraced within the limits of Car- 
roll County was settled if an early period in the his- 
tory of Maryland. The first settlers were Scotch-Irish. 
Genu ins. and the descendants of the English from 
Soathei ' Maryland. The Indians, before the advent 
of the whites, had retired across the South Mountain 
into tl Ouui] i rli ud Valley. A remnant of the "Sus- 
quehannocks," numberin : between sixty and seventy, 
lived within less than a miie of Manchester (then a pa rt 
of L;.!iin,ore County) until 1750 or 1751, and were 
probably the last aborigines residing in the county. 
About that period, without any stir or apparent prep- 
aration, with the exception of two. they all disappeared 
in a single night. The e eeptions were a chief named 
Macanappy and his wife, both old and infirm, and 
they survived the. departure of their race but a few 
day* The similarity of names has given rise to the 
impression that this tribe found its way to Florida, 
and that Miconopy, the celebrated chief, who aftoi- 
wards rave the United States so much, trouble, was 
one of the descendants of the old Indiau left to die 
near Manchester. In the Land Office at Annonoli-j 
patents >re recorded fo land grants in i 1 is porti 
the as early as i 7'.--7. Iu that year "Park 
Hull," a Unci of land containing two tho and 
hunured and eighty acres, was surveyed for James 
Carroll. This land was then situated in Prince 
Giorge' County, between New Windsor and Sam's 
* reek. In 1729 " Kilfadda" was panted to John 

j Tredone, and sub.- iquently sold to Allan 1 arquhar. 
I ll now embraces i par. of the tov a of Union Bridge 
j and the farm of B.J. Venture. " Brierwood" was 
I surveyed for Dr. Charles Carrol! in 1731. "White's 
I Level," on which the original town of Weal linstcr 
was built, was grant< 1 to John White in 1733. 
■ •■ '■ . nny' ■: low," em) , he ,: West l" oi 
] the .pre.sen.1 town of W.esl uiusl ■:, wa: • I ■ 

Jatneti Wall: in 17.41. "Fell's Retir. , ; 

on I?!) e Creek, a id containin ; 475 acres, wa 
to Edward Fell in 1742. " Arnold'* Chi 
acres, was granted to Arnold Levers iu . ; 3. 
• Brown's Delight," 350 crt situated on Cobb's 
j Branch, ncai W< aiinsi r, was grant-.! to George 
8j iwij in Lj 1.3. " N : :' !, '"' : ; Kindm -,," 100 acres, 
I > < Imi . Cat roll in 1743. I lorn well," 661 acres 
on Little Pipe Creek was patented in 1749, and after- 
wards p'vu'l •.- •■'■./ Qaines a id Iii il her 
j 'Terra Rubn was patei d to Philip •' in 1752, 
! for 1865 acres; ;; Ri 3 1 Range" to Jr.\,u Ross in 
i 1752, for 3400 acres; "Spring Gai I m," on part oi 
; which Hempstead is built, to Dunstan Rani in 1748; 
[ "Brothers' Agri iment," ncai T neytown to Edward 
| Diggs and Raphael Taney in 1754, for 781 acres; 
| "Foster's Hunting Ground" to John Foster, 1439 
1 acres; "German Church" tv Jacob Schihi and 
German Reformed and 1 - h ■ n 
Five Daughters" Cat 
j roll's daughter, 1759, for 1500 acres: " Ni Mai 
j kct,'" on which Manchester is built, to Richard 
I Rrchards iu 1754 ; '• Rattlesnake Ridge" to Edward 
j Richards in 1733; ''Caledonia" to Wiilia n Li s i ■■■■'■ 
: others in 17G4. for 11,638 1 1 res ; '« Bond's Me idow" 
to John Ridgely in 175.':, for 1915 act 
stcr is partly situated on this tract); ' Bi 
hcritance" to Michael Swopi ii 1761 
"Ohio," north of Unio i v . Is. to 
in 17fio, for 9250 acres; " New Bedford," near Mid- 
dlebury, to Daniel McKenzie and J h L ; - ii 

others in 1758, fur 
i church at Manchester ; 

[90 t 


1702. for 5301 -acres; " Gilboa" to Thomas Rutland, 
17112. for 277-' acres; " Runnymeade," between 
Uniootown and Taneytown, to Francis Kej and Upton 
S<-->tt in 170", , for 3077 acres; " Hale's Venture" to 
Nicholas Hale in 1770, fur 28SG acres ; "Windsor 
Forest" to John Dorsey in 1772. for 2S8G acres; 

r . I , iter' 1 to Charles Carroll of Cavrollton in 1773, 
for 470C acrea ; and " Lookabout," near Roop's mill, 
-. Leigh M:i>!'-r in 1774, for 1443 acres. 

\i iong (he earliest settlers in this seetion of Mary- 
; 1 was Wili • Farquhar, whose energy, thrift, and 
insdoni aided materially in the development of the 
country. His ancestors emigrated from Scotland to 
!: land, where lie was horn July 20, 1705. When 
sixteen years of age. he left Ireland with his father, 
Allen Farquhar, and settled in Pennsylvania. Allen 
Farquhar, as was mentioned above, acquired from 
Juhu a large tract of land on Little Pipe 
Creek; but there i-; no evidence that he actually rc- 
si.icd there. In 1730 l.e conveyed this tract, known 
;s •• Kilfadda," to his sin William, one of the condi- 
tions of the giTl bciu^ that ho should remove from 
Pennsylvania to " ye" province 0: Maryland. In 
compliance with the terms of the deed. William Far- 
quhar, with his wife Ann, came to Maryland anil en- 
t: . ! I'll.' poss --nil of his estate. The country was 
then a wilderness and destitute of roads, except such 
paths as were ma le by wild beasts and Indians, and no 
i it 1 ..■ iutrepidity was required for such a journey, 
clogged with a helpless family. Farquhar bad learned 
the trade of a tailor, and by his skill and industry i'i 
making buckskin breeches, the garments then most 
ia vogue, he prospered. He invested his savings in 
land, aud in 1708 he was the possessor of two thou- 
sand acres, in which wa3 included all the ground upon 
which the preseiit towu of Union Bridge is built. 
He eras a counselor and peace-maker, and if is related 
of hitu that upon one occasion he. rode home in the 
evening and loiind his house surrounded with emi- 
granuwagons belonging to settlers who had been 
driven from their homes by the Indians and had fled 
to him for protection. They had their stock and 
movable property with them, and were afraid to go 
bx-k to their lands. Farquhar visited the Indians 
»nd soon pacified them, and the settlers returned to 
tl ;i homes and were never afterwards molested. 
Bctw ■ .. tli! years 1730 cod 1740 great ..■■ 

mem of what is now known 

• i' 11..:: County. "The Marsh Creek sel 

!■> the western section of York County, Pa., in- 

I ; _' tin region around Gettysburg, composed 

■ 1 f Scotch-Irish, furnished a num- 

aud enter;, rising immigrants, and 

Hanover and Concwago, in the same county, settled 
entirely by Germans, provided a large contingent, 
The latter located principally in the Manchester and 
Myers Districts, where many of their descendants now 

j Many were attracted thither also from St. Mary's, 
I'rii ce George's, Ann,' Arundel, and Baltimore Coun- 
ties, on the Western Shore of M arylaml. The dispute 
! concerning the boundary line between the provii sol 
! Pennsylvania and Maryland was a fruitful source of 
tn ul I i to thos \ I 1 5cs 'd inl n 1 in the de- 
batable ground. A strip of land sin or eight miles 
laitued both by the province of Pennsylvania 
am! the proprietary of Maryland. John Diggi ob 
tained a Maryland grant of six thousand eight hun- 
dred ucics in the vicinity of Hanover, aud Charles 
Carroll procured a similar grant in the neighborhood 
of Fairfield or Millersrown, aud the latter now i.-ies 
by the name of the Carroll Tract. H .norer, at that 
tin..' known as Me.Mli^icrslown. or K:.'.ilsterstowu 
was within the disputed territory, and became a 
refuge for disorderly characters, and hence was called 
" Rogues' Harbor." 

This vexatious boundary question, which had agi- 
tated the two colonics since the arrival of William 
Penn in America in 1GS2, was decided, as wo have 
shown elsewhere, in favoi of the province of Penn- 
sylvania in 17G9 by Mason and Dison, two sur- 
veyors sent out from Loudon for that propose, aud 
Mason aud Dixon's lino has ever since remained 
the unquestioned boundary between the two com- 
monwealths. The dispute having reached a definite 
conclusion, an impetus was given i > development. 
Settlers multiplied, the country was cleared up, and 
convenient farm-buildings were erected. The inhab- 
itants soon learned to appreciate the fine water-powers 
so abundant in this portion of Maryland, and in I 700 
David Shriver, the. grandfather of the older members 
of the family of that name now living in We tern 
Maryland, purchased a tract of land on Little Pipe 
Creek and erected a mill aud tannery. Mr. Shriver 
was a proniiuent and useful citizen. He reprcsc ited 
' Frederick County in the conventiou called in 177G to 
j frame a constitution for the State of Maryland, and 
I for a number of years he was the representative of 
! that county in the Senate and House of 
In Mav, '7G5, a bateau loaded with iran wa sua - ■ 
fully navigated from the Hampton I 
: Creek to the mouth of lli< MonocacyR r,i; Freder- 
j ick County. There is no record of th • • stablishment 

of this furnace, but that it must havt I) 
| for some time prioi tl i date giv< i ve is evident 
; from the adverti i 3 28,1707, 



in which Benedict Calvert, Edward Digges, Normand 
Bruce, William Digges, Jr., aud James Caoady offer 
for sale the" Hampton Furnace, in Frederick County, 
together with upwards of three thousand acres of land. 
The furnace (with casting-bellows) and bridge-houses 
were built of stone, also grist-mill and two stores, the 
whole situated on a branch of Monocacy River." 

The entire stock of negroes, servants, horses, 
wagons, and implements belonging to the works were 
offered for sale. There was on hand at the time coal 
for six months, fourteen hundred cords of wood, five 
hundred tons of ore at the side of the furnace and 
four hundred tons raised at the banks. The adver- 
tisement concludes with the announcement that 
Normand Bruce lived near the works. 

Solomon Shepherd, grandfather of Thomas, Solo- 
mon, and James F. Shepherd, married Susanna Far- 
quhar, the youngest child of William Farqubar, Oct. 
27, 1779, and settled on a portion of the Farqubar 
estate, about three-quarters of a mile east of Union 
Bridge. Mr. Shepherd was a wool-comber aud fuller, 
and established a fulling-mill where the factory now 
stands. For some time after the construction of his 
mill he was without a house of his own, aud boarded 
with his father-in-law, at some distance down Pipe's 
Creek ; and it is related of him that in walking back 
and forth along the banks of the stream from the 
mill to the house at night he was wont to burn the 
ends of a bunch of hickory sticks before he would 
set out on bis hazardous journey, aud when the wolves 
(which were savage and ravenous) approached too near 
he would whirl bis firebrand about him to drive them 
away. He afterwards moved into a log house, which 
is still standing, and in 1790 built the brick house in 
which Shepherd Wood now resides. The latter was 
at that time considered u palatial extravagance, and 
the neighbors dubbed it " Solomon's Folly." In 1 SI 
he built the present factory, and put in carding and 
spinning-machines and looms for the manufacture of 
cloths, blankets, and other fabrics. In 1815 he pur- 
chased land of Peter Benedune, and removed to the 
place now owned and occupied by E. G . Penrose, where 
he lived until his death in 183-1. 

In 1783, David Rhinehart and Martin Wolfe 
walked from Lancaster County, Pa., to Sam's Creek, 
where they purchased a tract of land and soon after- 
wards settled on it. Wolfe was the grandfather of 
Joseph, Samuel, and Daniel Wolfe. He was some- 
what eccentric after a very unusual fashion, and is 
said to have been unwilling to dispose of property for 
a price which he believed to exceed its real value. 
David Rhinehart was the grandfather of David, 
Daniel, Villiam II., E. Thomas, J. C, and E. F. 

Rhinehart. William H. Rhinehart, the great Amer- 
ican sculptor, received his first lessons on the farm 
now owned and occupied by Daniel Rhinehart, twelve 
miles southeast of Union Bridge. 

Joel Wright^ of Pennsylvania, married Elizabeth 
Farqubar, daughter of William Farqubar, and settled 
on a part of the land acquired by his father-in-law. 
He was a surveyor and school-teacher, and superin- 
tended a school under the care of Pipe Creek Monthly 
Meeting, at that time one of the best educational in- 
stitutions in the State. His pupils came from all 
parts of the surrounding country, and many were sent 
to him from Frederick City ami its vicinity. It was 
comraoji in those days for ladies to make long jour- 
neys on horseback to attend religious meetings or to 
visit friends. Mrs. Wright traveled in this way to 
Brownsville, then called " Bed Stone," in Pennsyl- 
vania, to attend meeting and to visit her relatives. 
She brought back with her, on her return, two small 
sugar-trees and planted them, and from these have 
sprung the many beautiful shade-trees of that species 
which adorn the vicinity of Union Bridge. 

Francis Scott Key, whose name the " Star-Spangled 
Banner" has made immortal, was boru at Terra 
Rubra, near the Monocacy, in what is now the Mid- 
dleburg District of Carroll County, Aug. 9, 1780. 
Iu his day he was well known as an able lawyer and 
Christian gentleman, but with the lapse of time bis 
reputation as a poet has overshadowed his many other 
excellent qualities. 

.Col. Joshua Gist was an early settler in the sec- 
tion of Maryland now embraced within the limits of 
Carroll County. He was an active partisan in the 
Revolutionary war, and during the administration of 
President John Adams, near the close of the last cen- 
tury, was marked iu his disapproval of the riotous and 
insurrectionary proceedings of those opposed to the 
excise duty laid upon stills. The disturbance, known 
in history as the "Whisky Insurrection," became so 
formidable, especially in Western Pennsylvania, that 
Mr. Adams appointed Gen. Washington commander 
of the forces raised to suppress it. The excitement 
extended to this region, and the Whisky Boys in a 
band marched into Westminster and set up a liberty- 
pole. The inhabitants of the town -becoming alarmed 
sent out for Col. Gist, who then commanded a militia 
regiment. The colonel, a very courageous man, 
mounted bis horse, rode into town, drew his sword, 
aud ordered the pule to be cut down, which was at 
once. done, and placing his foot on it, be thus re- 
mained until it was hewn in pieces. The Boys, con- 
cluding discretion to be the better part of valor, stole 
out of town, and the incipient revolution was stayed 



by the coolness and judgment of a single individual. 
It) 174S, Frederick Country was created by the Colo- 
nial Legislature, and that portion of the present 
county of Carroll which had previously belonged to 
Prince George's was embraced within its limits, as 
was almost the whole of Western Maryland. Col. 
Gist and Henry Warfield were elected to the House 
of Delegates of Maryland towards the close of the 
eighteenth century, for the express purpose of secur- 
ing a division of the county into election districts 
for the convenience of the inhabitants, who were at 
that time compelled to cross the Monoeaey aud go all 
the way to Frederick City to vote. 

Joseph Elgar, in the latter part of the last century, 
established a factory at Union Bridge for the manu- 
facture of wrought nails, — that is, the nails were so 
designated, but in reality they were cut from the 
bar of iron, lengthwise with the fibre of the bar, 
■which gave them ductility and clinching qualities 
equivalent to wrought nails. Elgar subsequently re- 
moved to Washington and entered the service of the 
United States, where his genius was duly appreciated. 
About the year 1S09, Jacob R. Thomas, a neighbor 
of Elgar, conceived the idea that the very hard labor 
of cutting grain in the harvest-field could he done by 
machinery driven by horse-power. Prior to this time, 
aud for some years afterwards, the old system of 
cradling grain was the only process generally known 
lor harvesting, and the reaping-machine may be truth- 
fully said to have been invented by him. Thomas 
worked at his machine with great assiduity, aud added 
to it an automatic attachment to gather the cut grain 
into sheaves, it being substantially the self-raker of 
he present day. During the harvest in the summer 
of 1811 his machine was so far perfected as to admit 
of a trial. It had not been furnished with a tongue 
and other appurtenances for attaching horses, and was 
therefore pushed into the harvest-field and over the 
grain by a sufficient number of men. Thomas Shep- 
herd, recently deceased, and William Shepherd, his 
brother, and father of Thomas F. Shepherd and Sol- 
omon Shepherd, and Rudolph Stern, father of Reuben 
W. Stern, of Westminster, were three of the men 
who aided in the trial, and their testimony is unani- 
mous that it cut the grain well and perfectly, but that, 
its delivery was defective and did not make a good 
Bheaf. There is no evidence on record as to the man- 
ner in which the gathering attachment was con- 
structed, whether it was like or unlike any of the 
automatic rakes of the present day, but the cutting 
apparatus was the same in principle as those now in 
use on the best reapers, mowiug in the same shears- 
like manner, which has been universally approved 

and adopted as the best method of cutting grain, 
and differing only in the manner of attaching the 
knives to the. sickle-bar. In modern machines the 
knives are short and broad and riveted fast to the 
sickle-bar, while in Thomas' machine the knives were 
longer and pivoted in the middle, and attached to 
the sickle bar by a pivot at the rear end. Thomas 
was extremely sensitive, and unable to bear up against 
and overcome the incredulity and ridicule consequent 
upon the partial failure of the machine, and it was 
never finished by him. He afterwards built a factory 
for the manufacture of flax into linen, but it did not 
prove remunerative. He subsequently removed to 
Baltimore, where he kept the Globe Inn, on Market 
Street, and then to Frederick- City, where he kept the 
City Hotel, aud afterwards to Point of Rocks, on the 
Potomac River, where at the time of his death he 
was engaged in the construction of a steam canal- 
boat invented by himself. Ohed Hussey, the pio- 
neer in the manufacture of practical reaping-machines, 
was a cousin of Jacob R. Thomas. They were inti- 
mately acquainted, and Hussey afterwards perfected 
Thomas' invention, and from that McCormick's, and 
all others cutting on the same principle, were framed. 
The pathetic story of Jacob 11. Thomas is the same 
so often repeated in the lives of inventors and dis- 
coverers. The spark of genius went out amid the 
vapors of poverty, while his quick-witted imitators 
reaped the golden showers which should have been 
poured into his own lap. The region of country 
afterwards known as Carroll County now grew apace. 
The lands were cleared of their dense forests, the 
magnificent water-courses were utilized for mills and 
manufactures, towns sprang into existence, and (he 
inhabitants, following the motto of the commonwealth, 
increased and multiplied. Taneytowu, Westminster, 
Manchester, Hampstead, Union Bridge, Middleburg, 
and New Windsor became prosperous villages. At 
the close of the last war between Great Britain and 
the United States agricultural products commanded 
excellent prices. Wheat-flour was sold in the Balti- 
more markets for fourteen dollars per barrel, and other 
commodities realized proportionate prices. The value 
of land had greatly appreciated. In April, 181-1, 
Peter Benedune sold out all his land in the vicinity 
of Union Bridge at prices ranging from one hundred 
to one hundred and twenty dollars per acre, and re- 
moved to the Valley of Virginia. About this time 
I also the spirit of progress was abroad, '''lie West- 
minster Fire-Engine and Church Lottery drawn 
in Frederick City,-July 10, 1S13. A >k was 
established in Westminster, aud it is lean om the 
newspapers of the day that the old n .1 spirit, 



funned into a flame during the Revolution, and re- 
kindled in 1812 by the invasion of the British, was 
Still active and vigorous. Under date of Oct. 13, 
1821, the Frederick Herald says, "At a meeting of 
the Columbian Independent Company, commanded by 
Capt. Nicholas Snider, of Taueytown, and the Inde- 
pendent Pipe Creek Company, commanded by Capt. 
Thomas Hook, at Middleburg, in Frederick County, 
. . . information of the death of Gen. John Ross 
Key was received." 

The people were virtuous and God-fearing. The 
corner-stone of the German Reformed and English 
Presbyterian church was laid in Taueytown. Sept. 5, 
1821. It was about this date also that the inhabit- 
ants awakened to a sense of the value of regular 
postal communication, and a postal service on horse- 
back was established from Frederick City to West- 
minster via Union Bridge and back once a week. The 
people were gradually becoming sensible of the over- 
grown bulk and unmanageable interests of the im- 
mense counties of Frederick and Baltimore, and the 
leading men residing in either county in the vicinity 
of Westminster began to take an active interest in 
politics. Joshua Cockey became a prominent poli- 
tician in thi.s end of Frederick County, and repre- 
sented his constituents in the Senate and House of 
Delegates. Isaac Shriver also represented the county 
several times. William P. Farquhar and John 
Fisher were also members of the House of Delegates. 
Peter Little and Elias Brown, of Freedom District, 
represented the Baltimore District, in Congress be- 
tween the years ISIS and 182S. In 1832 the feel- 
ing, which had been gaining strength for years, that 
a new county was absolutely needed for the con- 
venience and prosperity of those dwelling in the east- 
ern portion of Frederick and the western portion of 
Baltimore Counties culminated in a memorial to the 
Legislature of Maryland petitioning for a division of 
these counties and the establishment of a new one to 
be called " Westminster." 

When the area and population of Frederick and 
Baltimore Counties are considered it seems extraordi- 
nary that this movement should have been so long 
delayed or that it should have met with such decided 
opposition when inaugurated. The two counties con- 
tained nearly one-fifth of the territorial area of the 
State, and, exclusive of the city of Baltimore, they 
possessed a population of upwards of eighty-live thou- > 
sand inhabitants, or very nearly one-fifth of the whole 
number of inhabitants in the State. The bounds of 
the new county, as proposed by the memorialists, were 
as follows: " Beginning at Parr's Spring, at the head 
of the western branch of the Patapsco River, and 

running with said branch, binding on Anne Arundel 
County, to the north branch of said river; thence 
running up said north branch, excluding the same, to 
the old mill on Dr. Moore Falls' land, including said 
mill; thence north seventeen degrees cast to the 
Pennsylvania line ; thence, binding on said line, west- 
wardly to Rock Creek, one of the bead-waters of the 
Monocacy River; thence with said creek and river, 
excluding the same, to Double Pipe Creek ; thence 
with said creek, and with Little Pipe Creek and 
Sam's Creek, including their waters, to Maurois' mill, 
excluding said null, and thence with a straight line to 
Pan's Spring, the beginning." 

It was estimated that the new county would contain 
about twenty-five thousand inhabitants. The town of 
Westminster, beautifully situated in the valley between 
the head-waters of Little Pipe Creek and those of the 
north branch of the Patapseo, on the road leading from 
Baltimore to Pittsburgh, generally known as the Reis- 
terstowu turnpike road, and containing a population 
of seven hundred souls, was to be the county-seat. 
The people in some of the districts were now thor- 
oughly aroused. Complaints were frecpuent and vehe- 
ment of the distance to be traversed to reach the seats 
of justice in Baltimore and Frederick Counties re- 
spectively, and the difficulties and delays encountered 
because of the overcrowded dockets of the courts. 
The Star of Federalism, a newspaper, was established 
at Uniontown, and at different periods three papers 
were published at Westminster by George Keating, 
Mr. Burke, and George W. Sharpe, all streuuously 
advocating a division. The latter afterwards removed 
to Frederick and established the Frederick Citizen. 
The support of these papers was small, and they were 
soon discontinued. Although the sentiment in favor ^> 
of a division was general, the people were very much 
divided in opinion as to bow it should be done. Some 
favored a division of Frederick County alone, some 
were in favor of separating Baltimore County from 
the city and locating the seat of justice at a central 
point, while the inhabitants of Westminster and its 
vicinity, which was on the dividing line between the 
two counties, were anxious to take a portion of each 
of those counties and form a new one with Westmin- 
ster as the county-seat. The memorial mentioned 
above was presented to the Legislature of Maryland 
in 1S33, and referred to a committee of which William 
Cost Johnson, of Frederick, was chairman. Mr. John- 
son was a man of great ability and popularity, lie 
introduced a bill into the Legislature which created a 
county with the metes and bounds prayed for by the 
memorialists, and it was mainly through his el irts 
that it passed both houses. It had been the oil in il 


intention of the petitioners to give the name of West- 
minster to the new county, but the bill as passed 
named it " Carroll," in lienor of Charles Carroll of 
Carrollton, then recently deceased, a man who in char- 
acter, ability, patriotism, and usefulness has never been 
surpassed in Maryland. 

The act of Assembly was clogged with a provision 
requiring its submission to the vote of the people who 
lived in the sections of the two counties proposed to 
be cut off, aDd further exacting a majority of the 
voters in its favor in each segment. The vote was to 
be taken viva voce, at the October election in 1833. 
The people were now fully alive to the importance of 
the question, and the issue was fairly joined. Col. 
John K. Longwell established the CarroUtonian at 
"Westminster, June 2S, 1S33, a journal whose aim was 
to advocate the division and educate the people up to 
a full knowledge of the advantages likely to accrue 
from the creation of the new county. The paper was 
conducted with marked ability and zeal, and the divi- 
sion, which occurred four years later, was measurably 
due to its unflagging energy and fidelity. As the fall 
election approached public meetings were held in the 
districts interested and the merits of the proposed 
division very thoroughly discussed. A very large 
meeting was held at Westminster and an able address 
issued, which was published in pamphlet form in the 
English and German languages and very freely cir- 
culated in the counties. A committee composed of 
the following-named gentlemen was appointed to fur- 
ther the object of the meeting : C. Birnie, Sr., William 
Murray, Edward Dorsey, Joshua C. Gist, Thomas 
Hook, John McKalcb, Archibald Dorsey, William 
Sheppard, Mordeeaj G. Cockey, John McKellip, Jo- 
seph Steele, John Baumgartner, Nicholas Algire, 
William Shaw, of II., George Richards, William 
Roberts, Frederick Ritter, Samuel Gait, Nicholas 
Kelley, James C. Atlee, Washington Van Bibber, 
Evan L. Crawford, Peter Hull, Philip G. Jones, Peter 
Erb, Jacob Shriver, William Brown, Evan McKinstry, 
Basil D. Stevenson, Philip Englar, Abraham Bixler, 
Jacob Landes, William Caples, David Kephart, Sr., 
Joshua Sellman, William B. Hebbard, John Male- 
horn, J. Henry Hoppe, Michael Miller, John Swope, 
George Warfield, William Jordan, George Crabbs, 
Sebastian Sultzer, John C. Kelley, David Foutz, Jesse 
Slingluff, Nathan Gorsuch, Joseph Keifer, Abraham 
Null, Jesse L. Warfield, George Cassell. 

It would seem that with such an array of citizens 
of worth and excellence in its favor there should have 
been no difficulty in securing the passage of the bill, but 
a strong opposition was developed in the districts which 
belonged to Baltimore County. Their attachment to 

the county clouded their judgments, and they refused 
to listen to reason or to consult their own interests. 
The campaign in behalf of the new county was one of 
the most memorable and exciting that had ever taken 
place in Western Maryland, and after a canvass which 
embraced every nook and corner of the districts in 
Frederick and Baltimore Counties to be segregated 
the election took place, and the new county failed to 
receive a majority of the votes in the Baltimore 
County segment, and the division was consequently 
defeated, as the following vote by districts will show : 







The election was a severe blow to the friends of the 
I new county. They had not anticipated defeat : indeed, 
they thought that the measure would be approved by 
I a large majority of the voters. They did not make 
j sufficient allowance for county attachments aud the 
influence of tradition, nor did they properly esti- 
mate the jealousy of other villages aud the prej- 
udice and fear of increased taxation, hut they were 
j not dismayed by the disaster. They now knew both 
! their weakness and strength, and they went manfully 
to work to retrieve their mistakes. More meetings 
were called, the people were reasoned with, and a 
' public sentiment created in favor of the measure in 
1 places where thestoutest opposition had been developed. 
j In 1S35 the Whigs nominated Dr. William Willis 
I as a member of the House of Delegates from Frederick 
' County, and the Democrats nominated Isaac Shriver. 
i They were both elected, many of the friends of the 
> new county voting for them. Willis and Shriver, 
S with their colleagues, Robert Annan and Daniel Du- 
j vail, originated and boldly pressed another bill on the 
I attention of the Legislature. By this act a large por- 
tion of the Liberty District in Frederick County and 
all of the New Market District were excluded from the 
limits of the new county by making the Buffalo road 
the line from Sam's Creek to Parr's Spring, and thus 
were removed the objections of the people residing in 
j those districts, who were almost unanimously opposed 
I to separation from the old county. The delegates 



were supported in their action by a petition containing 
1800 names, and after laboring diligently during the 
whole session they had the satisfaction of procuring 
the passage of the bill by both branches of the Legis- 

A confirmatory act by the next Legislature was 
necessary before the bill could become a law, and it 
was expected that the measure would have to encoun- 
ter determined opposition, especially from the repre- 
sentatives of Baltimore County, as the project was 
strongly opposed there, and her representatives con- 
sidered themselves under obligations, if possible, to 
defeat it. 

The political campaign of 1S30 was one of the 
most exciting and closely-contested struggles that has 
ever taken place in the State, and resulted in im- 
portant changes of the organic law. Senatorial elec- 
tors were to be chosen, two from each county, who 
were to meet in Annapolis and select the Senate, then 
consisting of fifteen members. The Whigs of Fred- 
erick County nominated Evan McKinstry and Gideon 
Bantz, and the Democrats, John Fisher and Casper 
Quynn. A strong party in favor of reform in the 
State Constitution caused the election of Fisher and 
Quyiin. Of the whole number of electors the Whigs 
elected twenty-one and the Democrats nineteen. The 
constitution prescribed that twenty-four electors should 
constitute a quorum. The electors met in Annapolis, 
but the nineteen Democrats claimed a majority of the 
senalors as Reformers, inasmuch as they represented a 
large majority of the popular vote of the State, and 
declined to enter the electoral college until their 
proposition was granted. The Whigs indignantly re- 
fused to accede to their demand, and the Democrats left 
for their homes in a body, receiving from their friends 
the appellation of the " Glorious Nineteen." 

The withdrawal of the Democrats from Annapolis 
produced a profound sensation in Maryland. By the 
Whigs it was considered revolutionary, and many per- 
sons became alarmed. The Whig friends of the new 
county were afraid that it would cause the rejection 
of their favorite scheme. 

When the Whig and Democratic senatorial electors 
were nominated in Frederick County a ticket was 
named by each party for the House of Delegates. 
The Whig ticket was composed of Jacob Matthias, 
Francis Brengle, Joshua Doub, and George Bowlus. 
Isaac Shriver was again placed on the Democratic 
ticket. Francis Thomas, afterwards Governor of 
Maryland, was at that time the leader of the Democ- 
racy in the western portion of the State. The action 
of the Democratic electors, and the feeling iu the 
party consequent thereupon, led him to believe that 

the time was ripe for a change in the constitution. 
lie therefore advised the withdrawal of the Demo- 
cratic legislative ticket, and proposed instead the 
selection of delegates to a Constitutional Convention at 
the regular election. This was done, and the Whig 
delegates iu Frederick County were elected without 
opposition. In other portions of the State the seces- 
sion of the '" Glorious Nineteen" was not regarded 
1 with favor, and the reaction in public sentiment gave 
. the Whigs a large majority in the House of Delegates, 
a number of counties in which they had been defeated 
j at the September electious sending solid Whig delega- 
j tions to Annapolis. 

Five of the Democratic senatorial electors consid- 
ered themselves instructed by this decisive manifesta- 
tion of the will of the people, and agreed to unite with 
I the twenty-one Whigs and elect a Senate. William 
I Schley, of Frederick, and Elias Brown, of Baltimore 
County, were chosen as two of the fifteen senators. 
j The proposition to hold a Constitutional Convention 
was abandoned. It was conceded, however, that some 
reform was needed, and accordingly, upon the assem- 
! bliug of the Legislature, Governor Veazy, in his an- 
I nual message, recommended that the election of Gov- 
I ernor and senators should be given to the people, and 
I that Carroll County be created, so as to diminish the 
i size of the largest two counties and give an addition 
' of four members to the popular branch of the Legis- 
lature. These measures received the sanction of pub- 
lic approval, the constitution was amended to meet the 
views of the Governor, and the confirmatory act cre- 
ating Carroll County passed the House of Delegates 
by a majority of twenty-eight, and every senator, 
with the exception of Elias Brown, cast his vote in 
favor of it. It was signed by the Governor, and be- 
came a law Jan. 19, 1SH7, so that in all probability 
the course pursued by the " Glorious Nineteen," in- 
stead of proving adverse to the creation of the new 
county, had the tendency to bring to its support, as a 
conciliatory measure, many of the representatives 
from the smaller counties of the State. This long- 
deferred victory was hailed with demonstrations of 
delight by the citizens of Westminster and the sur- 
I rounding country. It was celebrated by a procession, 
! with arches, banners, and an illumination, and an 
! address was delivered in the Old Union church by 
1 James Raymond. 

The following is the act of Assembly, passed March 
25, ly30, for the creation of Carroll County : 

" Wheeikas, a considerable body of the inhabitants of Balli- 
! more and Frederick Counties, by their petition to this General 
| Assembly, have prayed that an act may be passed for a division 



to LitLle 

s dock to Wiirfield's mill, thence 
ffalo run J, ami to a. point called 

of; nnil whereas, it appears to this General Assembly that tlio 
erecting of a. new county out of sucli parts of Baltimore and 
Frederick Counties will greatly conduce to the ease and con- 
venience of the people thereof; therefore 

Sec. 1. lie it enacted by the General Assembly of Maryland, 
That after the confirmation of this act such part? of the afore- 
said counties of Baltimore and Frederick as arc contained 
within the bounds and limits following, to wit : beginning at 
the Pennsylvania line where Uock Creek crosses said line, 
thence with the course of said creek until it merges in the. 
Monocacy river, thence with the Monocacy to the point where 
Doable Pipe Creek empties into Monocacy, thence with the 
courscof Pipe Creek to the point of junction of Little Pipe 
Creek and Big Pipe Creek, thence with the course of Little 
Pipe Creek to the point where Sam's Creek empti 
Pipe Creek, thence with 
with the load called th 
Parr's Spring, thence with the western branch of the Patapseo 
Falls to the point of its junction with the northern branch of 
the Patapseo Falls, thence with the northern branch of said 
falls lo the bridge erected over said falls on the turnpike road 
leading from Reisterstown to Westminster, thence with a straight 
course to the Pennsylvania line, runniug north seventeen de- 
grees east, thence with the Pennsylvania lino to the place of 
beginning, shall bo erected into a new county by the name of 
Carroll County, and that the seat of justice thereof be estab- 
lished at Westminster. 

" Sec. 2. And be it enacted, That the inhabitants of Carroll 
County shall have, hold, and enjoy nil the immunities, rights, 
and privileges enjoyed by the inhabitants of any other county 
in this State. 

■"Sec. 'A. And be it enacted, That the taxes which shall he 
levied by the commissioners of Baltimore County, prior to the 
confirmation of this act, on such parts of Baltimore County as 
arc to constitute a part of Carroll County shall bo collected 
and ].aid to the treasurer of Baltimore County, and the same 
he applied precisely as if this act had not passed; and that 
the taxes which shall he levied by the justices of the Levy 
Court of Frederick County, prior to the confirmation of this 
act, on Iho parts of Frederick County as are to constitute Car- 
roll County shall be applied precisely as if this act had not 

"Six. i. And be it enacted, That all causes, processes, and 
pleadings wdiieh shall he depending in Frederick County Court 
and Baltimore County Court when this act shall be confirmed 
shall and may be prosecuted as effectually in the courts where 
the same be depending as if this act had not been made. 

" Sec. o. And be it enacted, That the county of Carroll shall 
bo a part of the Third Judicial Dibtrict of this State, and the 
justices of the said district for the time being shall be the 
judges of the County Court of Carroll County, anil the said 
County Court shall be held as may be directed by law, and 
shall have and exercise the same powers and jurisdiction, both 
at law and in equity, as other County Courts of this State. 

"Sec. C. And be it enacted, That the election di-tricts in 
Carroll County shall be nine in number, and their limits, as 
well as the limits of the election districts in Baltimore and 
Frederick Counties, shall be established after the confirmation 
of this act as .-ball be directed by law. 

"Sec. 7. And be it enacted, That after the confirmation of 
this act by the next General Assembly, a writ of election shall 
issue for holding an election iu said county for four delegates 
to represent said county in the General Assembly which shall 
then he iu session. 

"Sec. S. ,4,../ be it enacted, That if this act shall be con- 
firmed by the General Assembly, after the next election of dele- 

gates nt the fust session after such new election, according to 
the constitution and form of government, that in such case this 
alteration and amendment of the constitution and form of gov- 
ernment shall constitute and be valid as part thereof, and every- 
thing therein contained rcpuguant to or inconsistent with this 
act be repealed and abolished." 

The county was created, but much remained to be 
done. Carroll was in an cmbryotic condition. She 
was as helpless as a newly-born babe. Public build- 
ings were to be erected, courts of justice, established, 
officers chosen, and the county must be districted. 
Mr. Matthias, who had labored zealously for the crea- 
i tion of the new county, now applied himself to bringing 
order out of chaos. Prills were introduced into the 
Legislature for the working machinery and to set it 
iu motion. At that time the register of wills was 
chosen by the Legislature. After a sharp contest be- 
tween a number of candidates, John Baunigartuer, of 
Taneytown District, was elected. Acts of Assembly 
were introduced and passed providing for the appoint- 
ment of county commissioners, for the assessment of 
real and personal property, for the meeting of the 
Couuty Court, for the establishment of the Orphans' 
Court, for the opening of public roads, for the pur- 
chase of sites and the erection of public buildings 
thereon, for the election of a sheriff and the appoint- 
ment of subordinate officers, and for the election of 
four delegates to the General Assembly, and at the 
end of the session of 1S37 Carroll County was fairly 
on its legs and provided with the necessary legislation 
for the career of prosperity and progress upon which 
it was about to enter. 

The following-named gentlemen were appointed to 
lay off the election districts: Samuel Gait, James C. 
Atlee, Thomas Hook, Samuel W. Myers, Joshua 
Smith, Abraham Wampler, Daniel Stull, Mordecai 
G. Cockey, Stephen Gorsuch, Joseph Steele, George 
W. Warfield, Frederick Hitter, and William Mcllvain. 
They divided the county into nine districts as follows : 
Taneytown, Uuiontown, Myers', Woolery's, Freedom, 
Manchester, Westminster, and Franklin. Since then 
the districts of Middleburg, New Windsor, and Union 
Bridge have been added.' The districts were marked 
out Feb. 15, 1S37, and the report of the commission 
was filed with the county clerk June 20, 1837, but not 
recorded until May IS, 1846. In March, 1S37, an 
election was held for sheriff, the first that had taken 
place in Carroll County, and as a matter of interest 
the judges and clerks of election are given : 
District No. 1, John Clabuugh, Jacob Correll, John Thomson, 

Jacob Wickert, McKellip. 
District No. 2, Moses Shaw, Sr., Israel Norris, David Foutz, 

John Hyder, Win. C. Wright. 
District No. 3, Win. Cogblan, Peter Bankard, David B. Far- 
hart, John Erb, Jacob II. Kemp. 



Di.tricl So- *i Wm - - TiUI,osor - Edward E. Hnll, George J; 

V, ,„ Jordim, Win. Stansberry. 
District So. 5, Robert Hudson, Nicholas Dorsey, Benjamin 

iv, ,. 

. Whalen, Otho Shipley, 
j, .,..;.. N'o. 6, Henry N. Brinkman, Frederick Ritter, Jarrett 

Garner, John Kerlinger, Joseph M. Parke. 
District No. 7, Joshua Smith, David Uhler, Lewis Wampler, 

Jonathan Norris, Charles W. Webster. 
District No. S, Win. Mcllvainc, George Richards, John Lamottc, 

Juhn Fowble, George Richards, Jr. 
District N'o. 9, Jnines Donty, Thomas Barnes, Robert Bennett, 

Joshua C. Gist, Thomas E. D. Poole. 

A number of candidates sought the suffrages of the 
citizens, and the contest between Nicholas Kelley, 
Isaac Dern, and Rasil Root, the leading aspirants, was 
verv close, resulting in the election of Nicholas Kelley 
as the first sheriff of the county. The inauguration of 
the county government took place the first Monday 
in April, 1S37. On that day the Circuit Court, the 
Orphans' Court, and the county commissioners all met 
in Westminster. 

The Circuit Court met in the dwelling of Dr. "Wil- 
lis, now owned by Mr. Boyle, Judges Dorsey and 
Kilgour on the bench. After an appropriate intro- 
ductory address, Judge Dorsey announced the appoint- 
of Dr. William Willis as county clerk, which was re- 
ceived with unqualified approval by those present. 
The court then appointed James Keiffer court crier, 
and accepted the bonds of the clerk and sheriff. Wil-" 
liani P. Maulsby, James Raymond, James M. Shellman, 
A. F. Shriver, and T. Parkin Scott were admitted as 
attorneys of the. Carroll County bar. Mr. Maulsby 
was appointed and qualified as State's attorney for the 
county. The court then adjourned to meet in the old 
Union church, where its sessions were afterwards held 
until a court-house was built. 

The Orphans' Court of Carroll County convened 
for the first time April 10, 1837, in the Wampler 
mansion, on the corner of Church Street, which 
building it occupied until the erection of a court- 
house. The commissions of Judges Abraham Wamp- 
ler, William Jameson, and Robert Hudson were re- 
ceived from Theodoric Bland, chancellor of the State 
ol Maryland, and read and recorded, after which the 
judges qualified and proceeded to business. John 
Raumgartner was qualified as register of wills, and 
appointed George B. Shriver assistant register. The 
first business of a genera! nature transacted by 
the court was the appointment of Peter Gettier and 
Peter Utz to view and estimate the annual value of 
the real estate of Julia, Mary, George, Joseph, Peter, 
«"d Amos Sauble, minors, in the hands of Dr. Jacob 
Shower, their guardian. A notice was filed from 
hli/.abeth, widow of Peter Sauble, refusing to admin- 

ister on decedent's estate; also a similar notice from 
John and Michael, brothers of the deceased. 

April 17th. The court directed Nelly Demmitt to 
dispose of the personal property of William Demmitt 
as administratrix. 

May 1st. James Raymond was admitted as an at- 
torney in this court, the first mentioned in the pro- 
ceedings, and William P. Maulsby was admitted at 
the same time. 

May 8th. Nancy Koutz was appointed guardian 
to Joshua Koutz. 

June 5th. In the cn<c of Jacob Sellers, adminis- 
trator of Philip Sellers, deceased, vs. George Ware- 
ham, a citation was issued, the first citation going out 
of this court. 

June 12th. On application of Jesse Lee, John 
Barney, a colored bo3', aged six years, was bound to 
said Lee until the said boy arrived at twenty-one years 
of age. 

The first administrators mentioned at the April 
term were Dr. Jacob Shower, of Peter Sauble's es- 
tate; Nelly Demmitt, of her husband, William Dem- 
mitt ; Adam Feeser, of Elizabeth Feeser. 

The first executors were Joseph Cookson, of the 
estate of Samuel Cookson, deceased; Karahappuek 
Towson, of James Towson ; and Peter Nace, of Peter 
Nace, Sr. 

The first petition filed in any suit was that of 
George Wareham vs. Jacob Sellers, administrator of 
Philip Sellers, deceased. The first suit was indorsed 
"No. 1." 

The following is a list of the wills admitted to pro- 
bate during the first two years subsequent to the or- 
ganization of the county : 

1. Elizabeth Tawney, April 10, JS37. Wi 
Roop, John Sehweigart, John Roop, Jr. Before John ] 
gartner, register, and the judges of the Orphans' Court. 

2. Samuel Cookson, April 17th. Witnesses, Joseph, Sa 
and John Weaver. 

3. James Towson, April 17th. Witnesses, John Phili 
Jacob Frine. 

J. Peter Nace, the elder (dated 1827), and admitted t< 
bate in Baltimore County, Dec. 27, 1 S3 1 . Certilied CO] 
corded in Carroll County, April 17, 1S37. 

5. Lauranty Freed, of Baltimore County. Certified « 
its probate there. Recorded April 17, 1S37. , 

6. Lydia Hatto'n, April 17th. 

7. Jacob Hoffman, May 1, 1S37. 

S. Solomon MeHanney, June 5th. 

9. Elizabeth Ann Howard, July 25th. Witnesses, S 
Grcenhalt, Asbury 0. Warfield, D. W. Naill. 

It'. Henry War eh a in, July 22d. Witnesses, J. Henry 11 
Jacob Matthias, of George, Daniel StoBSifcr, John I 

11. David Geirman, August 9th. Witnesses, David I 
of Jacob, Ge.uge Croul, David Myerly. 




12. Ann Brown, August 30th. Witnesses, N. Dorsey, Abel 
Serivcnar, Geo, W. Warfield. 

13. Eliza C. Dorsey, August 30th. Witnesses, Edward I'riz- 
zH!, Joseph Black, Thomas Berisrnan. 

14. Aquila Gurreftson, September 0th. Witnesses, George 
Bramweil, Mordeeai G. Coekoy, John Malchorn. 

16. Jonathan Parrish, September 11th. 

10. John Menohe, October 17th. Witnesses, Peter Sawble, 
Michael (Pettier, Jacob Kerlinger. 

17. John Koltzc, November Cth. -Witnesses, Jacob Gitt, 
George Weaver, of II., James Marshall. 

18. John Krumino, November 27th. Witnesses, Jacob 
Baumgartner, Philip Wentz, Jonathan Sterner. 

19. Adam Frankforter, Jan. 1,1838. Witnesses, Henry N. : 
Brinckman, Jacob Gitt, Jacob W. Boesing. 

20. Mary Ann Engel, January 2d. Witnesses, John Baum- 
gartner, George Hawk. 

21. John Gilliss, January 13th. Witnesses, Augustus Eiggs, 
Wm. Curlien, James L. Riggs. 

22. Archibald Barnes, January 22d. Witnesses, Joshua C. 
Gist, Joshua Franklin, Benjamin Bennett. 

2.',. Joseph Arnold, February 12th. Witnesses, David Leis- 
ter, George Croul, John Baumgartner. 

24. Richard Manning. Sr., February 19th. Witnesses, Wm. j 
Jameson, David Tawney, Peter Flatcr. 

25. Catharine Manro, February 26th. Witnesses, Joshua C. 
Gist, Joseph Harden, Jacob Hiltabcidel. 

2fi. John Lambert, March 26th. Witnesses, John Smelser, 
David Soielser, David Gorsuch. 

27. James Steele, April 2d. Witnesses, N. Browne, Beale 
Buckingham, Vachel Buckingham. 

28. Ezekiel Baring, May 7th. 

29. Rachel Wentz, May 14th. 

30. Mary Hooker, June 25th. 

> 31. Baltzer Hesson, July 9th. Witnesses, Sterling Gait, 
Josiah Baumgartner, F. J. Baumgartner. 

32. Nicholas H. Brown, July 13th. 

33. George Toner, July 30th. 

34. Jacob Brown, September 3d. Witnesses, Michael Sholl, 
Jr., John Streavig, George Koons. 

35. Peter Shrincr, September 4th. Witnesses, Evan Mo- 
Kinstry, David Eugler, John P. Shriner. 

36. Patrick Hinds, October 8th. 

37. Margaret Reid, October 8th. Witnesses, A. B. R. McLiue, 
Samuel Nail!, James Maloney. 

38. Veronica Peters, October 8th. 

39. Margaret Durbin, October 8th. 

40. Hannah Wampler, October 15th. Witnesses, Jacob 
Yingling, Wm. Yingling, Wm. Zeppe. 

J. 41. Peter Arbaugh, October 29th. Witnesses, Solomon Woo- 
ley, William Lockard, Stephen Ourslers. 

42. Jacob Reid, Octoher 29th. 

43. Elizabeth Keys, October 29th. 

44. Mary Lampert, November 19th. Witnesses, James H. 
Gorsuch, Henry Long, Jacob Frine. 

46. Susannah Loveall, Jan. 14, 1839. Witnesses, Henry 
Ebaugh, of George, George Ebaugh, John Rinehart. 

40. Peter Shoemaker, Dec. 31, 1S38. Witnesses, John Nus- 
baum, Abraham Hesson, Jacob Sell, Peter Dehoff. 

47. Solomon Foulz, Feb. 11, 1839. Witnesses, Abraham 
Myers, John Flegle, Philip Boyle. 

48. .Michael Wagner, March 4th. Witnesses, John Hyder, 
John Smith, John Nusbaum. 

The first death was recorded April 4, 1837. It 
was that of Basil D. Stevenson, surviving executor of 

Samuel Stevenson, deceased, to Hannah Shipley for 
four hundred and sixty-nine acres, adjoining " Fell's ■ 
Dale;" consideration, $2665. Dated April 1, 1 837. 

The first mortgage was recorded April 5th, aud 
was from John Knox tu James Knox ii al, aud 
dated March 2, 1837. 

The second deed was from J. Mason Campbell, 
trustee, to the president and directors of the Union 
Bank of Maryland, and was recorded April 8th. 
Dated April 1, 1S37 ; consideration, one dollar. The 
land conveyed was Lot No. 0, of ninety acres, and 
was called " Legh Castle," being part of the late Legh 
Master's estate. It adjoined tracts called " Bond's 
Meadow Enlarged,'' " Long Valley," and "Brown's 
Delight." It was a part of the tract issued to the 
late William Winchester and his heirs by James 
Clark and Joseph G. J. Bend, surviving trustees of 
Rev. Legh H. Master, by an indenture of March 14, 

The third deed was recorded April 8th, aud was 
from Basil D. Stevenson, surviving executor of Sam- 
uel Stevenson, deceased. Its date of execution and 
record were the same. It conveyed one hundred and 
forty-seven acres, three roods, aud twelve perches, aud 
was parts of tracts called " The Resurvey on Father's 
Gift," " Rich Meadows," aud " Pigeon's Hill." Con- 
sideration, §1034.76. 

The second mortgage was recorded April 11th, and 
was from William Jordan to Richard Johns. It was 
on one hundred and thirty-nine and a half acres 
called " Curgafergus," and two hundred and fifty 
acres called " Mount Pisgah." 

The fourth deed was recorded Apiil 11th, from 
Jacob Reese and wife to Jacob Roop, dated March 
25, 1837. It was for one-half acre of " Bond's 
Meadow." Consideration, 8600. 

The following are the first marriage liceuses issued 
by the clerk of the court for a period of two years 
after the creation of the county of Carroll : 


April 8. John Kroh and Julia Weaver. 

May 1. Thomas Bosley and Elizabeth Wheeler. 

" 9. Samuel Dayhoflo and Nancy Whooler. 

" 14. Silas M. Horner and Elizabeth McAlister. 

" 17. Samuel L. Linah and Maria Six. 

Juno 5. Shadraeb Bosley and Sercpta Sater. 

" 6. Joseph Bowers and Elizabeth Cullison. 

6. Win. F. Smyth and Elizabeth Bixler. 

8. Jeremiah Robinson and Ann Smith. 

" 16. Geo. B. Shipley and Ann Shipley. 

" 20. Wm. Naill, Jr., and Mary A. Rudisol. 

July 8. Abraham Beaver and Catharine Jones. 

" 15. Jacob Michael and Eve Grogg. 

" 2C. Win. W. Warfield and Jemima Formwalt. 

" 20. Daniel Lampart and Julian -Loveall. (Rev. E. 


yept. I, Conrad Koons and Mary K. Zunbun 
.< ' 15. Porcius Gilleys and Rachel Evan, 


« 23. David Haines and Sarah W. Durbtn. 

25. Thos. C. Thomson and .Mary Shunk. (Rer. E. 
Out. 2. James Shaeffer and Margaret Cottrider. 
" 7. Qeorgo Bixler and Mary Grittier. 
" 9. Andrew C. Fowble and Elizabeth Murray. 
" 1G. Nicholas Dorscy and Rachel Clcmson. (Rev. Dr. 

« 16. Peter Rinauion and Margaret Strickling. (Rev. J. 

" 25. George W. Manro and Elizabeth Kelly. (Rev. 
Samuel (lore.) 
Nov. 11. John Swceden and Charlotte Weaver. 

" 2S. Josiah Rnop and Elizabeth Shafer. (Rev. William 

Dec. 6. Klisha Shreeve and Minerva Bennett. 
---" 20. D. W. Houok and Rachel F. Allgire. 
" 22. Aaron Goswell and Ann Leatherwood. 
'• 20. Elisha Wheeler and Sarah Shambarger. 
" 27. Beall Sellman and Mary B. Weaver. 
" 29. Thomas Rudisell and Ann M. Snyder. (Rev. E. 

Jan. 15. John Wcist and Elizabeth Mouse. (Rev. Jacob 

Feb. 1. Jacob Lynn and Louisa Crabbs. (Rev. D. Zol- 
" 3. George W. Grimes and Eliza Buffington. (Rev. E. 

" 8. George W. Litzcngcr and Martha A. Keefer. 
" 10. Samuel Myers and Eliza C. Dagen. (Rev. Daniel 

" 12. Jacob Gieman and Julian Haines. (Rev. Jacob 

" 28. Joseph Kelly and Naomi Ross. (Rev. N. Harden.) 
March 3. William E. Shipley and Mary A. Horsey. (Rev. 
6. Samuel Price and Catharine Ripple. 
" 7. James Smith and Catharine Diffenbaugh. (Rev. 
Israel Haines.) 
8. Jacob Flatter and Elizabeth Bush. 
" 12. Jacob Smith and Angeline Christ. (Rev. Miller.) 
" 18. Thomas Loveall and Jane A. Cushiug. (Rev.Jona- 

than Forrest.) 
" 19. John Myerly and Emmaline Little. (Rev. Israel 

" 22. George Richards, Jr., and Lucinda Allgire. 
" 20. Henry S. Black and Rachel Maring. (Rev. E. 

•• 30. N.B.Stocksdaleand Elizabeth Cover. (Rev. Lloyd 
April 3. Noah Brown aud Bartholow Richards. (Rev. 
Aaron Richards.) 
3. Christopher Weisman and Mary A. Guthing. (Rev. 
Jacob Geiger.) 
" 5. Peter Nacc and Susanna Meyselmau. 
« 14. Lewis J. Grove and Carrilla Barnes. (Rev. Hunt.) 
May 9. Alexander II. Senceny and Lavinia Englar. (Rev. 
David EDglar.) 
" 14. John Roberts and Catharine A. Boyle. (Rev. N. 

" 21. Joseph Wilson and Sarah E. Vauzant. (Rev. 
Snmuel Grove.) 

May 21. Elisha Bennett and Rachel Prugh. (Rev. Jona- 
• than Forrest.) 

" 25. John Warner and Susanna Fisher. 
" 30. Ephraim Lindscy and Eliza Fringe:. (Rev. Sam- 
uel Gore.) 
" 31. Benjamin W. Bennett and Margaret Clemson. 
(Rev. Daniel Zollickoffer.) 
June 11. John Loveall and Elizabeth Houck. 
" 23. Aaron Wheeler and Matilda Barnes. 
" 20. Washington Wil.-on and Margaret Smith. (Rev. 

Daniel Zollickoffer.) 
" 30. Robert Collin> and Honor Elder. (Rev. William 
July 2.'.. David Shipley and Mary A. Wheeler. 
Aug. 13. Jacob Ocker aud Barbara Fleegle. 

" 13. John W. Ogborc and Eliza Pole. (Rev. Daniol 

" 21. Larkin Shipley and Rebecca Shipley. (Rev. S. 

" 31. Giles Cole and Mary Merryman. (Rev. William 

ept. 12. John Baile and Sarah L. Eby. (Rev. Boyle.) 
" 15. Obadiab Buckingham and Mary A. Barlow. 
" 17. Hones Gruff and Mary S. Biggs. (Rev. William 

" 20. Ephraim Shultz and Jane Crawford. 
" 22. John M. Blizzard and Ann Wc!-h. - 
" 25. John Slytler and Catharine Wentz. 
Oct. 6. Thomas Wright and Caroline Frizzell. 
" 11. Dr. David Diller and Ann E. Matthias. (Rev. N. 

'• 15. Washington Senceney and Mary A. Grimes. (Rev. 

Daniel Zollickoffer.) 
" IS. Henry Nicodemus and Margaret MoCreery. (Rev. 

William Prettyman.) 
" IS. William S. Brown and Carrilla Manning. 
j " 27. Samuel B. Shipley and Leah Shipley. 
" 27. William OUur and Elizabeth Lathem. 
<• 30. John Reigle and Catharine Reaver. (Rev. E. 
Nov. 0. John Omergoast and Barbara Leister. 

" 20. John Elder and Rebecca Selby. (Rev. Samuel 

" 20. Jacob Ecker and Sarah Dudderar. (Rev. Web- 
" 22. Dennis Grimes and Sarah A. Pool. (Rev. Nich- 
olas Harden.) 
" 27. Levin Williams and Susan Haines. (Rev. N. 

" 2S. John Walker and Mary A. Tucker. (Rev. Lloyd 
Dec. 5. Michael Smith and Maria Haines. 
" 14. W. W. Garner and Harriet Murray. 
" 19. Joseph Marriott and Sarah Shipley. 
" 22. Benjamin Davis and Mary Ward. 
" 24. Wm. Warner and Rebecca Warner. (Rev. Daniel 

" 28. Abraham Wilson and Delilah Hervey. 
Jan. 17. Jesse Baker and Eliza E. Bailey. (Rev. S. Gore.) 
" 23. John T. Fisher and Sophia Stans'oury. (Rev. 
Feb. 8. Jonas Englcr and Hannah Si 
" 14. Geo. Croft and Anne Ruby. (Rev. Richards.) 
" IS. Levi Hiner and Mary Medcalf. (Rev. Daniel Zol- 


Feb. 2C>. James Thompson and Mary A. Hittcrbridle. (Rev. 
Roberts. Giier.) 
" 28. Conrad Moul and Lydia A. Kesselring. (Rov. 
Josiah Varden.) 
March 2. Michael Bartholow, Jr., and Elizabeth A. Plaiten. 
" 9. Hanson Cnrmnck and Harriet Clabaugh. 
•• 11. Josiah Baughcr and Mary Babylon. (Rev. Daniel 

" 13. Levi Davis and Julian Sbriver. (Rev. Josiah 

" 13. James l'arrish and Rnth Creswell. 
" 15. Samuel Shriner and Mary A. Mcrring. 
April 1. Isaac Magee and Margaret Dayhoffe. 

1. Henry E. Rcltz and Julian A. Mutter. 
May 4. Michael Hubbard and Rachel Durbin. (Rev. D. 
" 15. John Hoop, Jr., and Lydia Engie. 
On Oct. 5, 1840, at Annapolis, Hon. James G. Berrett, of 
Carroll County, was married by Rev. Mr. Mcllheney to Miss 
Julia W., only daughter of the late John W. Bordley, of the 
former place. 

The following is the first marriage license issued iu 
the new count}' : 

" Whereas, application has been made to me by John Kroh, 
of Carroll County, and Julia Weaver, of Carroll County, for 
License to be joined in Holy Matrimony, 

'•' These are therefore to authorize and license you to solem- 
nize the Rites of Matrimony between said persons according to 
law, there appearing to you no lawful cause or just impediment 
by reason ol any Consanguinity or Affinity to hinder the same. 

"Given under my hand and the seal of my office this Sth of 


'George Mackubin 
' Treasurer Wt 


"To the Rev. Jacob GeiGER or any other person authorized 
by law tu celebrate the marriage iu the State of Maryland. 
"William Willis, 

" Clerk a C, Md." 

Sheriff Kelley converted a portion of the brick 
mansion in Westminster now owned by William 
Reese into a jail, and used it as such until the present 
prison was built. There was but one prisoner con- 
fined in it, and he is said to have made his escape by 
sliding down the spouting. The county commission- 
ers met in a room of the Wampler tavern, and organ- 
ized with Otho Shipley as clerk, and Thomas Hook 
county collector. A number of places were suggested 
as sites for the public buildings, including the land on 
which they now stand, the lot at present occupied by 
the Dallas mansion, and the ground on which the 
Reformed church is built. The advantages of all 
were fairly considered by the commissioners, and on 
May 25, 1S37, they accepted for the site of the court- 
house an acre of ground from Isaac Shriver, imme- 
diately in rear of his tavern-stand, and about three 
hundred yards from Main Street, with ground for 
streets on three sides of it. For the jail they ac- 
cented an acre of land a short distance northeast of 

the court-house site, and about four hundred yards 
from Main Street. This was donated by the heirs of 
David Fisher. 

The jail was bailt in 1837, by B. F. Forester and 
Johnzee Selby, at a cost of four thousand dollars, and 
since that time the jail-yard and other improvements 
have been added. 

The second term of the Circuit Court was held 
Sept. 4, 1837. Chief Justice Thomas B. Dorsey 
presided, with Thomas II. Wilkinson as associate 
judge. The gnusd jury, (he first in the new county, 
appeared, and was sworn as follows: William Brown 
(foreman), Jonathan Dorsey, Charles Devilbiss, Daniel 
Stall, John T. Mrthias, William Mcllvain, David Z. 
Buchen, Jacob Kerlinger, Daniel Horner, Nathaniel 
Sykes, Frederick Bitter, William Caples, William 
Fisher, John Jones, Jacob Grove, Michael Sullivan, 
Andrew C. Fowblc, Thomas Sater, Samuel L. Swarm- 
stead, Edward Barsey, Joseph Shaffer, Isaac Dern, 
and John Henry Hopper. 

Nicholas Kelley was sheriff, William Willis, clerk, 
and Emmanuel Geru and Henry Geatty, bailiffs. The 
grand jury returucd true bills against George Rarns- 
bery for resisting an officer; Jacob Boring, breach of 
the peace; Whitfield Garner, the same; Charlotte 
White, colored, larceny; Michael Wagner, assault; 
B. Eck, maltreatment to his slave "Poll;" Wil- 
liam Coghlan and Peter Bankert, misdemeanor in 
office; William Grimes, Benjamin Davis. Resin 
Franklin, Jacob Gilavier, Nimrod Booby, Jacob San- 
ders, selling liquor without a license. The present- 
ments against the last four were withdrawn by the 
grand jury and not. returned. It will be observed 
from the perusal of the above that the offenses com- 
mitted in 1837 did not differ materially from those 
of which the county courts take cognizance nowadays, 
though there was a commendable absence of the higher 
crimes, such as murder, arson, burglary, and robbery, 
which too frequently deface the present records of 
judicial tribunals. James Keifer was appointed court 
crier. James Myhrea filed a declaration of his inten- 
tion to become a citizen of the United States and 
renounce his allegiance to the King of Great Britain. 
Henry Short, a native of Holland, also appeared and 
gave uotice of his intention to become a naturalized 
citizen of this country. The following was the petit 
jury, the first in tie county : John Cover, Jacob Gitt, 
John Kuhn, Sr., Basil Bout, Evan L. Crawford. Wil- 

j liam Shaw, Joshna F. Copp, Robert Crawford, Isaiah 
Pearce, Nicholas B. Brown, Elijah Bond, Henry IE 
Harbaugh, Benjamin Bennett, Daniel Yeiser, Evan 
Garner, Thomas Sraith, Thomas Bartholow, Nimrod 

I Frizzell, Benjamin Yingling, Mordeeai G. Cockey, 



Hezekiah Crout. The first case tried was that of au 
appeal of William Naill vs. Jesse Reifsnider. The 
witnesses for appellant were Elias Grimes and Elias 
Naill, and for appellee, Samuel Reindollar and Israel 
Hiteshue. The jury found for the appellant without 
leaving the box. The next cause was that of James 
Smith is. Samuel Gatt, William Shaw, Silas Hauer. 
Washington Hauer. and Jacob Shoemaker, trustees 
of the church, au appeal. The witnesses were John 
W. McAlister for appellant, and James Bar, David 
Kephart, John Thompson for appellee. Judgment 
was affirmed with costs. Godfried Guyser, a native 
of Wurteuiberg, Germany, John Reisly, of the same 
place, and Jacob Lewis and Philip Yoost, natives of 
Darmstadt, Germany, all filed their intentions to be- 
come American citizens. Fifty-six witnesses testified 
before the grand jury, among whom were the follow- 
ing constables: John Shockney, Jacob Frankfortder, 
Thomas Brummel, Andrew P. Barnes, George Ogg, 
Emanuel Gernaud, Warren P. Little, Evan Black, 
John Krautz, William Gruubine, Abraham England- 
William Stansbury, Samuel Lammott, John Clabaugh, 
David Kephart, George Willott, Frederick Yingliug, 
Joseph Smith. On the petition of John S. Murray 
to inquire whether George Ecklar was on insane per- 
son and a pauper the jury refused an inquisition. 
The first criminal case tried was that of the State of 
Maryland vs. Charlotte White (colored), indicted for 
larceny, aud the jury found a verdict of not guilty. 
The second State case was that of George Ramsbery 
for resisting a constable, in which a verdict of guilty 
was returned. The defendaut was ordered to pay a 
fine of five dollars and be imprisoned sixty days. The 
third session of the County Court met Sept. 3, 183S, 
when the following grand jury was sworn : Jacob 
Laudes (foreman), John A. Byers, John Adlisperger, 
Josiah Shilling, Peter Lippy, George W. Manro, Eli 
Hewitt, George Miller, Thomas Shepherd, Nimrod 
Woolery, Robert J.Jameson, Richard Smith, Samuel j 
W. Myers, Robert B. Shipley, Joseph Poole, William 
Lockert, Solomon Myerly, Lewis Shuey, Benjamin B. | 
Forrester, Henry Cover, Martin Krolc, Adam Beiser. j 
The petit jury were John McCollum, David Weaver, 
Julius Bennett, Nelson Norris, David Burlington, 
Isaac Powder, John Fowble, Francis Haines, David 
P. Deal, Henry W. Ports, Daniel Hoover, Micajah 
Rogers, Richard Owiugs, Dentcr Shipley, Horatio 
Price, Beal Buckingham, David Fowble, John Krousc, 
John Cornell, Michael Sullivan. John 11. Hoppe, 
Francis Shriver, George Brain well, Jacob Null. 

The cornerstone of the present court-house of Car- 
roll County was laid in June, 1838, with appropriate 
military and civic ceremonies. It was an occasion of 

general rejoicing, and a largo concourse of people as- 
sembled to mark the event. Four military companies 
marched in the processiou, commanded by Capts. Skin- 
ner, of Hanover, Swope, of Taneytown, Bramwell, of 
Finksburg, aud Longwell, of Westminster. The 
stoue was laid by Andrew Shriver, assisted by Col. 
Joshua Gist, then in his ninety-fourth year, a brother 
of Gen. Mordecai Gist, of Maryland, who won an 
imperishable name during the Revolution as a sol- 
dier and patriot, he having especially distinguished 
himself in the battles of Long Island and Camden. 
An address was delivered by Samuel D. Lecompte, and 
a number of impromptu speeches were made by 
prominent citizens. Conrad Moul was the contractor 
for the building, and the masonry of both the court- 
house aud jail was done by Ephraim Swope and 
Thomas W. Durbin. The court-house was built at a 
cost of eighteen thousand dollars, aud notwithstand- 
ing it was erected more than forty years ago it is now 
a substantial and durable edifice, aud a ci edit to the 
commissioners under whose administration it was 

Iu 183S the county government was perfected, all 
necessary subordinate officers had been elected or ap- 
pointed, those who had opposed the creation of a new 
county had become reconciled to the situation, and 
thenceforward Carroll took its proper place among the 
older organizations as one of the most vigorous, pro- 
gressive, and influential counties of Maryland. 

Carroll County is bounded on the north by Penn- 
sylvania, ou the south by the Patapsco River, which 
separates it from Howard County, on the cast by 
Baltimore County, and on the west by Frederick 
County. Its natural advantages are great. The sur- 
face is undulating, the gently sloping hills, like the 
billows of the ocean, swelling gradually in the direc- 
tion of the Catoetin range, a spur of the Blue Ridge. 
The tributaries of the Patapsco and Monocacy Bivers 
permeate the soil in every direction, not only supply- 
ing abundant water for farming purposes, but affording 
to the miller and manufacturer unlimited power for 
their handicrafts. The soils comprise all the varieties 
of the Blue Pudge division of the State, as white and 
red isinglass, slate, mica, limestone, and the " Bod 
Lands." They are for the most part exceedingly fer- 
tile, the county possessing probably a smaller propor- 
tion of poor land than almost, any other in Maryland, 
and where impoverished they are readily susceptible 
of improvement by careful cultivation and the use of 
lime, which exists in such abundance beneath the 
surface. The county is well wooded, and the scenery 
picturesque and beautiful, abouuding in charming 
valleys, hemmed in by hills, on which the growth of 



the heaviest forest-trees gives the necessary shading 
to the landscape, and where a view of the distant 
Blue Ridge can be obtained, which is the case in 
many portions of the county, very happy effects are 
produced. The inhabitants have always been thrifty 
and energetic, and agriculture has received here its 
most perfect development. Fine farms abound. 
Wheat, rye, oats, and corn, the various grasses, fruits, 
and vegetables are grown, and magnificent herds of 
cattle and improved breeds of horses, sheep, and hogs 
are the principal productions of the farmers, while 
much attention is paid to the dairy business, the prox- 
imity to the city of Baltimore by means of the railroads 
and turnpikes insuring profitable returns to those en- 
gaged in it. Tobacco has been grown to some extent, 
and small crops are still raised in parts of the county, 
but the expense and uncertainty attending its produc- 
tion have been so great as to render it unpopular with 
the majority of farmers. Well-tilled farms and fine 
residences are confined to no particular district, but 
are freely distributed through the county. There are 
numerous mills and manufacturing establishments, 
and a large number of tanneries in the county, the 
last induced, doubtless, by the heavy growth of oak 
timber, which forms the body of the woods in that 
section of country. Large supplies of granite, mar- 
ble, limestone, and brick clay are to be had for build- 
ing purposes. 1533582 

There are also large quarries of the best variety of 
soapstone near Marriottsville, adjacent to the Balti- 
more and Ohio Railroad. The stone is of the purest 
quality, and at the factory is sawed iuto every imag- 
inable shape, and used for many varied purposes, its 
uses having multiplied greatly of late years. Even 
the refuse stone and dust are valuable in various ways. 

Some of the finest hematitic iron ore in the United 
States, and also some excellent specimens of oxide 
of manganese, have been found in Carroll. The cli- 
mate is salubrious, and the lay of the land and purity 
of the water favorable to health, so much so as to make 
many portions of the county favorite places of resort 
for the citizens of Baltimore during the summer 
months. The county is rapidly increasing in popula- 
tion, wealth, and enterprise, and the public-spirited 
citizens who have managed its affairs have adopted all 
judicious means for social and mateiial advancement. 
The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad on its southern bor- 
der, the Western Maryland Railroad which pa>ses 
almost directly through the centre of the county, the 
Frederick and Pennsylvania Line Railroad which runs 
across the northwestern portion, and uumerous fine 
turnpikes, as well as an admirable system of public- 
roads, constitute the means of transportation, and few 

sections of the country possess greater conveniences in 
this regard. Through these channels it is placed in 
direct communication with the city of Baltimore, where 
a ready market is found for its productions, and the 
rapid transportation furnished by the railroads has 
enabled its citizens to build up a trade in the products 
of the dairy unsurpassed probably elsewhere in Mary- 
laud. The prices of laud vary of course with the 
quality of the soil and its proximity or remoteness to 
the highways of travel, but one hundred and fifty 
dollars per acre is not unusual, and many who have 
purchased land at that rate have had no cause to regret 
it. Asfarback as April, 1S14, Peter Benedune, who 
was a restless speculator, sold out all his land in the 
vicinity of Union Bridge at from oue hundred to one 
hundred and twenty dollars per acre, and removed to 
the Valley of Virginia. The accessibility of the lands 
in Carroll County, their healtbfnlness, and the social 
advantages in many of the neighborhoods, reader them 
desirable either as residences or safe investments. The 
brown sandstone, so highly valued for building pur- 
poses, is found in the western part of Carroll, and will 
compare very favorably with the Connecticut sand- 
stone, so generally in use in the coustruetiou of the 
finer class of edifices in large cities. In Emmittsburg, 
among the upper layers of brown saudstoue are found 
strata of flagging. Some of it separates into flags 
from two to four inches thick, with smooth surfaces 
ready dressed for paving. The boundaries of Carroll 
County were made for political convenience and not 
as divisions between distinct varieties of soil or differ- 
ent geological formations. The c; Red Land: 
ning in the northwestern part of the county and 
extending through the Taueytown and Middleburg 
Districts into portions of the Union Town District, are 
similar in geological formation to those found in Fred- 
erick County, differing only in their agricultural 
value, the former being more decomposed, thereby 
insuring a deeper soil. These lands are underlaid by 
compact shales, among which red sandstone is fre- 
quently found sufficiently durable for building pur- 
poses. The value of these lands is materially influ- 
enced by the proximity of these shales or sand- 
stones to the surface. When they are immediately 
beneath it the soil is unproductive, being easily af- 
fected by droughts, as there is not sufficient depth to 
retain the necessary supply of water for the crops. 
When this is the case the remedy is always at hand. 
The land should be subsoiled and heavily manured 
with lime. 

Slate soils are a continuation of those found in 
Frederick County, and differ materially from the red 
land described above. The slates from which the 



(. nh overlying them are formed are mica slate, talc 
slate chlorite slate, and blue, or rooting slate, the 
imposition of all of which is, in an agricultural ]ioiut 
of view, so nearly allied as to reader any separate de- 
scription of them unnecessary, and they are so inti- 
mately mixed that it would require almost an innu- 
merable number 'of analyses to determine the special 
composition of each. 

The lands drained by the waters of the Little Pipe 
Creek and its tributary branches are composed mainly 
from the disintegrated particles of these rocks or 
slates. They have by various influences become thor- 
oughly decomposed, have been well manured and 
well cultivated, and are equal in productive value to 
the average of the best in the State. These lands are 
formed from the same rocks, and have the same com- 
position in every particular, as all the lands in this sec- 
tion of the State are underlaid by the slates above 
spoken of; and the question naturally arises, why should 
some of them be so barren and-sonie so productive ? 
Why should the soils of the same formation on Parr's 
Ridge, running through the county to Manchester 
and the Pennsylvania line, be generally unproductive? 
Their mechanical texture must be examined for an ex- 
planation of their different degrees of fertility. Most 
of the soil in this part of the county, as it has 
been formed, has been washed off, and there has 
not been enough of it left to meet the wants of plants, 
by retaining a sufficiency of moisture for their support, 
or a proper quantity of nutrient materials to develop 
their growth and structure. To obviate these diffi- 
culties the soil must be deepened, decomposed, aud 
the mineral set free which it has iu a crude state. 

There are also the light red sandy loams of this 
county, at the foot of Parr's Ridge, represented by 
the lands which extend over the whole county in a 
line more or less directly parallel with Parr's Ridge. 
They arc famous for producing a variety of tobacco 
known as the Bay Tobacco, which sells at a very high 

The red clay loam begins at the eastern border of 
the above-described lands, aud extends eastward to 
where they meet the granite or isinglass soil. The 
next varieties met after going eastward from these are 
the white isinglass, soils formed from the disintegra- 
tion of granite rocks. These are easily recognized, 
the bright shining spangles of mica, or isinglass, glis- 
teuing everywhere. They are exceedingly light aud 
dry, and are occasionally very barren. These com- 
prise the chief soils of Carroll ; they follow each other 
in regular succession, from west to east, in the order 
in which they are named, aud can be readily recog- 
nized by their location as well as by their description. 

The limestones of Carroll are fully equal to those 
found in aDy other portion of Western Maryland. 
Many of them are used only in the neighborhood 
where they are located, but there are many excellent 
limestone-quarries both for agricultural and building 
purposes. The principal limestones in the upper pan 
of the county are as follows : 

No. 2, a white limestone of fine crystalline texture, 
Uuiontown, Maryland. 

No. 2, a dark gray variety, slatish, with crystals of 
calc spar imbedded. 

No. 3, a dark gray and homogeneous mass of fine 
crystalline texture, and small white veins of calc spar 
traversing. They were found to be composed as fol- 
lows : 

No. 1. No. 2. No. 3. 

Carbonate of lime 99.5 6S.3 9S.8 

Carbonate of magnesia 11.5 0.5 

Sand slate, e 

ad will, therefore, produce, when burnt, of 

Caustic lime 56.0 38.3 £ 

Caustic magnesia 5.5 

and when water-slacked, of 

Water-slacked lime 

Water-slacked magnesi: 

The second series are those of the western flank of 
Parr's Ridge. They usually have a fine grain re- 
sembling that of Carrara marble, and they vary in 
color from white to grayish blue. They contain little 
silicious matter, aud in general but small proportions 
of magnesia or other impurities. They have some- 
times a slaty structure. Near the southern limits of 
the formation the proportion of magnesia is somewhat 

Iron ores occur in immense quantities in connec- 
tion with the limestones before mentioned. They 
range from the Pennsylvania line (north of Westmin- 
ster) southwesterly for ten or twelve miles. West- 
minster lies on the eastern edge of the range. There 
are the ruins of an iron-furnace about two and a half 
miles southwest of Westminster, on the property of 
Mr. Vanbibber, where these ores were smelted many 
years ago. The Western Maryland Railroad reaches 
this range of ore at Westminster, and passes through 
it for several miles. This affords every facility for 
transporting the ore or the iron that may be made 

The magnetic oxide of iron is the richest of iron 
ores, and when pure, (as is sometimes the case iu 
Sweden) contains seventy-two per cent, of metal. It 
is usually, however, more or less mixed up with 
earthy matters, and sometimes contains the oxides of 
' titanium and manganese. 



It b:is a metallic lustre and a dark gray or almost 
black color, the latter being also the color of its pow- 
der. It strongly attracts the magnetic needle, and 
when in small grains it is attracted by the magnet. 
Some of its varieties are sufficiently magnetic to at- 
tract iron filings and needles, hence the name of load- 
stone, which was formerly applied to it. These char- 
acters distinguish it from all other ores of iron. 

It occurs in small quantities about seven miles west- 
northwest from Baltimore, near the Bare Hill's Copper- 
Mine, and again near Scott's mills, about eighteen 
niilas north-northwest of Baltimore. It is found in 
massive as well as in octahedral crystals and grains. 
An iron-furnace at Sykesville is, in part supplied by 
ore which is mined in that vicinity. 

When the northwestern edge of the mica slates is 
reached, there is found what may be termed a metal- 
liferous range, extending from the northern part of 
Cecil County through Harford, Baltimore, Carroll, 
Howard, and Montgomery Counties. 

In addition to the magnetic iron ores of this range 
already referred to, there are ores of copper, chrome, 
and gold. Indications of copper may be seen at various 
points, aud several mines have been opened in this 
county, one of which, at Springfield, near Sykesville, 
continues to be profitably worked. Near Finksburg 
a copper-mine was successfully worked during several 
years, and, if proper skill and sufficient capital are 
applied, it will probably prove productive. The ore 
consists of yellow or pyritous copper and still richer 
quartz, called purple copper ore. 

Sulphuret of cobalt was discovered among the 
products of this mine, but this rare and valuable 
material occurred in very small quantity, and has not 
been found elsewhere in this State. Other mines have 
been opened in this rauge, between Finksburg and 
Sykesville, and at one of them native gold was dis- 

Northeastward from Finksburg there are indica- 
tions of copper at many points, especially near the 
forks of the Gunpowder River, about twenty-two 
miles north of Baltimore. Some explorations and 
diggings have been made without discovering the ore 
in quantity. It appears to be associated with the 
magnetic oxide of iron of this formation. 

There are also abundant traces of copper in the 
northwest part of the county, in the red shales. 
They give so little promise of profitable mines, how- 
ever, that it is almost useless to expeud money in dig- 
ging for the ore. 

Copper ore accompanies (in very small proportion) 
the magnetic oxide of iron, which is associated with 
steatite in veins in mica tlate rock. Some years ago 

certain parties caused a shaft to be sunk on one of 
these veins with the hope that copper mijlit be ob- 
tained in available quantities beneath, but (hey were 
disappointed. The Springfield mine was a success, 
and a similar result might happen at the Gunpowder 
veins, but the cost of sinking deep shafts is too great 
for the chances of a favorable result. In following this 
metalliferous range southwestward no indications of ■ 
either chrome or copper are encountered until the 
vicinity of Finksburg is reached. From this point 
for about seven miles, to Springfield (one mile and a 
half north of Sykesville, on the Baltimore and Ohio 
Railroad , there are numerous indications of copper 
ores. A mine was opened near Finksburg about 
thirty years ago, and for some time was worked 
with success. The ore was found in a true vein, 
and consisted at first principally of carbonate of cop- 
per, which, as usual, was succeeded by a sulphuret 
of copper ore, containing sixty per cent, of metal 
when free from gangue, or about thirty per cent, after 
bring prepared for sale. At depths of from fifty to 
one hundred feet the ore was abundant, and it was 
usual for them to mine tbiity tons a week. 

Subsequently the vein became thinner, or pinched 
off, to use a mining term, but there is every reason to 
believe that with more knowleJge of such matters on 
the part of the owuers the vein might have been 
reached at a lower depth as rich as it was above. 
Veins of this kind are irrejular in thickness, but 
mining to depths of two to three thousand feet has 
never yet reached the bottom of one of them. 
Another vein was slightly explored a short distance* 
from this opening, but the owners became discouraged 
and suspended operations. 

Another mine was opened at Mineral Hill, about 
seven miles southwest of Fiuksburg, in the came 
range. It was penetrated to a considerable depth. 
Cobalt ore has been found at Mineral Hill in small 
quantity, and native gold in the outcrop iu inappreci- 
able amount. The veins were opened aud some work 
done about two miles southwest of this poiut. In 
the Springfield mine the main shaft has been carried 
down on the large vein to a distance of seven huudred 
feet, with much better indications at the greatest 
depth penetrated than near the surface, where there 
was little copper, but a considerable thickness of 
maguetic oxide of iron. Iu fact, this mine 
nally worked for iron, but as it progress '. 
the proportion of copper continued to increase, so 
that for several years it was worked as a eop] er-iuine, 
and turned out better than any other in the State. 

The ore consisted of pyritous copper, which, when 
pure, contains usually about thirty-three ] 



the metal, but owing to the mixture of vein-stone, or 
gauizue, the proportion of metal was about thirteen 
p t -r cent. The ore sold for about fifty dollars per ton 
to the copper-smelting works of Baltimore. Chrome 
ores occur at many points in a serpentine formation 
which stretches from New Lisbon four miles west to 
Rockville, Montgomery Co., and nearly to the Poto- 
mac River. The ore has been worked at several points, 
and is found to vary considerably in quality. 

The range of lime-tone, useful as marble, is on the 
western flank of Parr's Ridge, extending southwest- 
ward from a little northwest of Manchester, passing 
near and west of Westminster, and extending into 
Frederick County. They are usually stratified, and 
consist of very small crystalline grains, and ore gen- 
erally white or some light shade of blue. It is found, 
however, towards the southern limits of this range 
more variegated, with shades of red less pure, and the 
stratification more disturbed. The different layers of 
this vary considerably, "ami- even in the same quarry 
there are strata of pure white and light blue, and 
sometimes variegated with light and dark shade- of 
red. They take a fine polish, and are free from the 
grains or masses of quartz and other minerals which . 
sometimes exist in the older limestones. The quar- 
ries, with cheap transportation, will increase their 
depths. The effect of this will be to bring to light 
the marble, less acted upon by the weather, at less 
cost than when large quantities of stone have to be 
quarried and thrown aside iu order to get unaltered 
blocks of marble of large size. 

Carroll County is well supplied with railroad facili- 
ties. The Western Maryland Railroad was chartered | 
in January, 1S52, and work was commenced on it in 
July, 1S57. It was completed to Union Bridge in 
1SG1, and to Williamsport, on the Potomac River," in 
1873. In its inception it was a Carroll County en- 
terprise, the inhabitants of that section subscribing 
for nearly all of the original stock of the company. 
William Roberts, the president, and William W. Dal- 
las, John Smith, Samuel McKiustry, J. Henry Hoppe, 
and John K. Longwell, directors, contracted with 
Messrs. Irwin, Taylor & Norris to build the road to 
Union Bridge, the contractors to receive the stock 
subscription, amounting to one hundred and sixty 
thousand dollars, and six hundred thousand dollars iu 
first mortgage bonds. It was subsequently con 
to its present terminus on the Potomac River by 
Baltimore capitalists, who were very materially aided 
by Baltimore City. The presidents of the company 
have been Robert Magraw, Nathan Haines, William 
Roberts, Augustus Shriver, Robert Irwin, John 
Smith, John Lee Chapman, Wendell Bollman, George 

M. Bokee, Robert T. Banks, James L. McLane, 
Alexander Beiman, and the present very able and 
efficient executive, J. M. Hood. The value of this 
road to Carroll County can scarcely be overestimated. 
It passes directly through the centre of the county, 
entering Woolery District on its eastern border, and 
passing up through the northern corner, it skirts the 
southern extremity of Hamp-tead; thence through 
the centre of Westminster Di-trict, and taking in the 
county-seat, it crosses the New Windsor District, 
passing through the town of New Windsor; thence 
across the Union Bridge District, embracing the town 
of that name, and then along the southwestern por- 
tion of Middleburg District into Frederick County. 
At Brueevilie, in Middleburg District, it intersect- the 
Frederick and Pennsylvania Line Railroad, through 
which Frederick City, Taueytowu, and points in Penn- 
sylvania are reached. The scenery along the line of 
the road in Carroll County is exquisitely beautiful, 
and affords to the tourist in the summer months 
abundant opportunities for the study of nature in her 
loveliest and most varied forms. The land through 
which it passes is fertile, productive, higbly cultivated, 
and teeming with the fruits of the earth. The road 
is iutersected at many points by rapid, sparkling, and 
limpid streams, which promise in the near future to 
furnish power for innumerable mills and factories. 
Already the spirit of progress has manifested itself. 
Many mills have been erected along the course of the 
road, and the tanneries and ore-mines show that the 
confidence of the projectors of the enterprise was not 
Property of every description in the 
vicinity of the railroad has greatly appreciated in 
value, ant! an unmistakable impetus has been given to 
all industries which the county is capable of sustain- 
ing. The stations in Carroll County are CarroHton, 
Gorsudh Road, Westminster, Avondale, Wayside, 
N Is •;■, Linwood, Union Bridge, Middleburg, 

Frederick Junction, York Road (Brue 
Double Pipe Creek. 

The Baehman's Valley Railroad begins at the 
Chestnut Hill iron ore mines, about the cent'.c of the 
Manchester District, and runs almost due north across 
the line into Pennsylvania until it intersects the Han- 
over Branch Railroad. Immense quantities of iron 
ore are- transported over this road to furnaces in 
Pennsylvania. The officers for 18S1 were : Presideut, 
Capt. A. W. Eichelberger ; Directors, Stephen Keifer, 
H. C. Shriver, Joseph Dellone, Joseph Alihoff, C. L. 
Johnson, J. W. Gitt, Levi Dubbs, Perry Wine, Ed- 
win Thomas, Samuel Thomas, E. W. Henidele, and 
Adam Newcomer. The Hauover Railroad was built 
from Reisterstowu, on the Western Maryland Rail- 

Ml 6 


road, to Hanover in 1870. It passes through Ilamp- 
ttcad aud Manchester Districts. Its officers are : 
President. Capt. A. W. Eichelberger ; Directors, 
Stephen Keifer, Mr. Meltheimer, W. H. Hoffman, 
William Slagle, Calvin C. Wooden, and J. W. Gitt. 

The Frederick and Pennsylvania Line Railroad 
runs from Frederick City, Md., through Middleburg 
and Taneytown Districts, in Carroll County, taking 
in the extreme western corner of Myers District, to 
Hanover, in Pennsylvania. It intersects the Western 
Maryland Railroad at Bruceville, in Middleburg Dis- 
trict, aud furnishes several outlets for the produce of 
the remarkably fertile grain-growing and grazing 
country through which it passes. 

Prior to the building of railroads turnpikes were I 
the readiest means of commercial intercourse between j 
the great ceutres of trade and the outlying districts, j 
So important were they considered that the policy of 
a great party in this country was to some extent based j 
upon the advisability of their/construction by the 
.national government, and many severe contests were 
waged over this question in Congress. 

At an early period in the history of the section 
now known as Carroll County the increase in popula- 
tion and trade made it necessary to secure greater 
facilities for transportation, and in 1S05 the Balti- . 
more and Reisterstown Turnpike Company was char- 
tered. The capital needed for its construction, six j 
hundred thousand dollars, was subscribed for by the 
merchants aud capitalists of Baltimore, and in 1807 
the road was constructed through this county. It 
entered Woolery District near Fiuksbuig. aud passing 
through Westminster, connected with the Hanover j 
Branch. It is sixty miles in length, including the j 
latter. The goods and produce carried over this road ■ 
in early days was immense. The large Conestoga 
wagons, so familiar to denizens of the West as J 
"schooners of the desert,'' passed each other, hun- 
dreds in a day, on their way to and from Pittsburgh j 
and Baltimore, and the jingling of bells, the cracking j 
of whips, the horses gayly caparisoned, aud the drivers i 
in picturesque costumes constituted an animating aud 
enlivening spectacle, the recollection of which occa- 
sionally excites regret in the bosoms of the old-timers, ' 
and arouses a fleeting wish for the populous roads and 
the good old country inns which have been so effect- j 
ually superseded by the trailing smoke and lightning 
dash of the steam-engine. 

The Westminster and Ilagerstown turnpike was 
beizun about 1824, but before much progress had been : 
made railroads had become a question of absorbing I 
interest to enlightened people all over the world, and 
doubtless occasioned a lukewarmness with reference to ' 

pikes which materially interfered with the completion 
of the enterprise. At many points on the line sec- 
tions of road were made, but the only portion finished 
was between Westminster and Uniontown. 

The Liberty turnpike passes through the southern 
portion of the county, and there are short turnpikes 
at Union Bridge, New Windsor, and Finksburg. In 
1851, about the time that the mania for plank-roads 
was at its height in the United States, it was deter- 
mined to build one front Westminster to Emmittsburg, 
but, fortunately perhaps, it was never completed. 

The following is a correct list of the judges, county 
clerks, sheriffs, State's attorneys, registers, aud sub- 
ordinate officers of Carroll County siuce its creation 
in 1837 to this present writing: 

Juthja of tie Circuit Court. 
1837-52, Thomas 13. Dorscy, Thomas II. Wilkinson, Nicholas 

Brewer;' 1S51-G4, Madison Nelson; 1SG4-67, John E. 

Smith; 1867-81, Oliver Miller, Edward Hammond, Wm. 

N. Hayden. 

Count)/ Clerk*. 
1837-41, Dr. William Willis; 1S41-49, Dr. Jacob Shower; 

1849-57, John B. Boyle: 1857-62, George E. Wamplcr; 

18G2-67, William A. McKollip; 1S67-73, John B.Boyle; 

1873-81, Dr. Frank T. Shaw. 

1837-39, Nicholas Kelly; 1839-42, Jaeoh Grove; 1842-45, J. 
Henry Hoppe; 1845-48, Lewis Trumbo; 1848-51, Han- 
son X. Webb; 1851-53, William S. Brown; 1853-55, John 
M. Yingling; 1S55-57, Joseph Shadier; 1857-59, William 
Wilson; 1859-61, William Scgafoose; 1861-63, Jeremiah 
Babylon; 1S63-65, Joseph Ebaugh; 1S65-67, Jacob D. 
Hoppe; 1S67-69, Thomas B. Gist; 1S69-71, John Traccy; 
1871-73, George N. Fringer; 1873-75, Edward Devilbiss; 
1S75-77, James W.White; 1877-79, Peter Wood; 1879- 
81, George X. Fringer. 

Court Criers. 

1837-57, James Kieffer; 1S57-6S, Benjamin Yingling; 1SCS- 
' 81, William S. Brown. 

1837-46, William P. Maulsby ; 1S46, James Raymond; 1S47- 

49, William N. Haydcn ; 1849-51, Charles W. Webster; 

1851, A. N. Hobbs; 1S52-5G, Daniel L. Hoover; 1856-67, 

Charles W. Webster; 1867-71, Charles T. Reifsnider; 

1S71-75, Richard B. Norment; 1875-81, David N. Hen- 


Registers of Wills. 
1837-53, John Baumgartner; 1853-65, Joseph M. Parke; 

1S65-67, Henry H.Herbaugh; 1S67-73, Joseph M. Parke; 

1873-79, Henry E. Belts; 1S79-81, J. Oliver Wadlow. 

Judge* of the Orphans' Court. 
1837-39, Abraham Wamplcr, William Jameson, Robert Hud- 
son; 1S39-42, Kinirpd Frizell, Michael Sullivan, Michael 
Barnitz; 1842-45, Michael Sullivan, Jesse Manniug, Johi 

1 Judge Ch; 
killed by an a 

rles J. Kilgour attende. 
:cident in August, and \ 

ucceeded by Judge 





B. lioylc: 1M-I' 
Murdecai G. Cockey ;, Basil llayden, William 
Fisher, George W. Manro; 1851-55, George W. Manro, 
Levi Buffington, Michael Sullivan; 1855-59, Michael Sul- 
livan, Horatio Price, Thomas S. Brown; 1859-63, Horatio ■ 
Price', John Thomson, Joshua C. Gist; 1863-67, John 
Thomson, Joseph Schaeffer, Thomas S. Brown, Michael j 
Baughroan (part of 1863); 1867-70, Jacob Powder j 1867- 
71, Levi Buffington, Hanson T.Webb; 1S70-71,' Ira E. 
Crouse; 1871-79, Adam Shower, Isaac I'. Baile; 1871-72, 
Upton Koop; 1872-79, L. P. Slingluff, Granville T. Ber- 
ing (chief justice), William Friz.ell, Milehont F. Allgire. 

fill, Andrew K. Shriver, Ja 
1860-62, A. K. Shrivor, H 
1862-64, Benjamin Shunk, 
Chew; 1864-66, same boai 

ock, G. W. Gorsuch; 
Zachariah Ebaugh; 
'. Shepherd, John H. 
IS, Thomas Paynter, 

John II. Chew, Thomas F. Shepherd ; 186S-70, Josiah 
Adclspergcr, Upton Koop, Jabe/. A. Bush; 1870-72, Jacob 
Sharrctts, Josiah Adclspergcr, Upton Roop ; 1S7? - i, 
Josephus 11. Hoppe, G. K. Frank, Joseph Spurrier; 1374- 
76, M. C. McKinstry, John W. Murray, John 0. Devries; 
1876-78, s-me hoard; 1S7S-80, Jonas S. Harner, John J. 
Abbott, David Fowble; 1SS0-S2, J. K. Longwcll, W. C. 
Polk, Francis Warner. 

A; J :,..,, 


Court of Equity. 


Neal; A 

1807, Au 

es M. Shellman; 
;rm, 1802, Charh 
JJ. ShaefTer; No 

Clvrka to Commissioners 
Otho Shipley; 1839-45, Basil 


T. Reifsnide 
29, 1867, Jol 

County Surveyors. 

Charles W. Hood, Jacob Kerlinger, James Kelly. J. Henry 
Hoppe, J. William Evcrhart, Francis Warner, J. Henry 
Hoppe (deceased in 1SS1). 

County School Commissioner*. 

Aug. 7, 1S65. to April 27, 1868, Jacob H. Christ, Washington 
Scnseney, Zachariah Ebaugh, Andrew K. Shriver, Joshua 
Yingling, Andrew J.^Wilhclm, James V. Cresswell, Peter 
Engel; Secretary, William A. Wampler. April 27, t863, 
to Jan. 3, 18711 (appointed by county commissioners), 
Sterling Gait, Reuben Say lor, Isaac Winchester, L. A. J. 
Lamotte, Dr. J. W. Steele. George A. Shower, John K. 
Longwcll, Lewis Green, W. P. Anderson, Jacob Sharrets, 
Peter Shriner; Joseph Davis, counsel; Joseph M. Newson, 

3, 1872 (elected by the people), Daniel II. Rudolph, Robert 
C. McKimiey, Charles II. Gilbert, Jacob II. Cranmer, W. 
N. Matthews, Dr. J- W. Steele, David X. Schaeffer, Isaac 
Winchester, Joseph B. DehofT, W. P.Anderson, Solomon 
Shepherd, Job Ihbberd; Counsel, R. B. Novment; Secre- 
tary, Treasurer, and Examiner, J. M. Newson. Jan. 3, 
1872, to 18S1 (appointed by the court), Dr. William Rein- 
dollar vice R. C. McKinney, Alfred Zollickoffer, Francis 
H. Hering, David 1'rugh, William Reese; Counsel, John 
E. Smith; Secretary, Treasurer, and Examiner, Joseph 
M. Newson. 

County Commissioners. 
1837-39, William Shepherd, Sterling Gait, John Erh, Joshua 
C. Gist, Joseph Steele, Jacob Reese, John Lamotte, Nimrod 
Gardner, Henry N. Brinkmau ; 1830 to 1S43, William 
ShanrJouj-n R 00 p, of Joseph, Daniel Stall, Peter Hull, Eli 
Hewitt, Fre, Iy , ericl . R; ttcr> j aco b Shacfler, William Houck, 
Joshua Barbs er ; 1843-15, William Shaw, John Adelsperger, | 
John Roop, V ewis shuC| p eler HuUj ,; eorgD Bramwell, Eli j 
Hewitt, Jame. ^ MorgaI1) Frederick Ritter, Jacob Shaffer, 
William Houck^ Larkin Buckingham; 1S45-4S, Henry 
Carter, Samuel 3k^ varlSj p elcr oiger, Richard Richards, 
David B. Karh !( ,, irti Dav ; d c . t>s , ell , Frederick Bauchraan, 
Elias Grimes, ft w fiorsucn . isJS-.M, James Grouse, Cor- 
nelius i-au-t. J l>av j d ],> Pver , Daniel Bush, John II. l.imlsey, 
George Cro Vrjsc> j osopn Orendorff, George Richards, Jr., 
Bennett Spr|i. rr ; er . ]861 _ 5 4 | James Crouse, 'Hennas Smith, 
George L. . Liu](>; -laco)) uickcrt. Julius B. Bcrrett, 
George Cro.\ lst ._ Jacob (;r(>vc Qeorgo Rio h a rds, Jr., Bennett 
Ppurrier; i, l854 _ 56 (now electe[ i by the people), John 
1 ""• J " : \than Horsey, Michael Baughman ; 1856-58, 
Benjamin £..- nunkj j ac0 ,, u christ) JoUl , Malehorn; 1S5S- 

tirammer, resigned; 1S45-4S, Otho Shipley; ISIS-5G, 
Jacob Myeily; 1356-64, James Blizzard; lSfii-f.8, Levi 
Valentine; 186S-72, James Blizzard; 1872-78, James A. 
Bush; 1878-80, E. C. Trumbo; 1SS0-S2, Joseph A. 

Collectors of Taxes. 
1837-39, Thomas Hook; 1839-45, Tobias Cover; 1S45-4S, Jo- 
siah Bauiugartncr ; IS4S-51, Richard Manning; 1851-54, 
Tobias Cover; 18;-,G-5S, S. R. Gore; 1808-60, John T. Dil- 
fenbaugb; 1800-02, James Campbell; 1 1871-78, Jabez 
Bush; 1878-80, L. C. Trumbo; 1SS0-82, Joseph A. 

Attorneys to Commissioners. 
1S."7-3P. James Raymond; 1843-45, William P. Maulsby; 1845 
-48, C. Bimic, Jr.; 1818-51, Joseph M. Parke; 1851-5C, 
E. F. Crout ; 1856-60, C. W. Webster; 1S6S-7S, Charles B. 
Roberts; 1876-81, Richard B. Nonncnt. 
Members of Conyress. 
Peter Little, Elias Brow.., l>r. Jacob Shower, Charles B. Rob- 

Members of Constitutional Conventions. 
1851, Elias Brown, Dr. Jacob Shower, Joseph M. Parke, A. G. 
Ege, Mordecai G. Coekey; 1864, Dr. John Swopc, John 
E. Smith, Jonas Ecker, William S. Wooden; 1S67, Wil- 
liam N. Haydon, George W. Manro, Thomas V. Cover, 
Sterling Gait, Benjamin W. Bennett, John K. Longwcll. 
State Senators. 
183S-44, William P. Maulsby ; 1SI4-50, William Roberts;lS50 
-55, John It Longwcll: 1855-57, Dr. Francis 1. Davis; 
1857-02, John E.Smith; 1862-64, Jacob Campbell ; 1861 
-67, Dr. James L. Billingslea; 1867-70, Dr. Nathan Brown >. 
1S70-74, John K. Longwell ; 1S74-7S, James Fenner Bee ; 
1S78-82, Henry Vandcrford. 

Members of the House of Delegates. 
1S37-38, Dr. Jacob Shower, James G. Bcrrett, John B. Boyle, 
Jacob Powder ; 1S39, Joseph M. Parker, George Bramwell, 
George Crabbs, Thomas Hook; 1S40, John B. Boyle, Dr. 
Jacob Shower, Samuel D. Lccompte, Darnel Stall; 1811, 
John B. Boyle, Jacob Powder, Dr. Francis T. Da* is, ! laniel 
Stull; 1S42, Elias Brown, Samuel D. Lccompte, Jacob 
Powder, William Shaw ; 184.1, Samuel Eek<v, Jacob Pow- 
der, William Shaw, Daniel Stull; 1814, James Kaymond, 
John Thomson, Micajah Rogers, Joseph Ebaugh; 1815, 
Thomas Hook, James M. Shellman, Abraham Wampler j 
1846, A. G. Ege. James M. Shellman, Upton Scott, 
Charles Devilbisa; 1817. John B. Boyle, Nicholas Kelly, 

1 A collector Tor each district ws 
;•„. remained in force until 1874. 

, which sys 



Tobias Cover, Jacob Powder; 1S4'.', Elias Brow.,, Sam- 
uel A. Lauver, George Mutter. Lewis Trumbo; IS51, 
Elijah F. Crout, Dr. J. E. H. Ligget, Dnnicl Stull; 1S54, 
Tboraas Smith, Robert T. Dade, Josiah Baugher; 1S56, 
Stephen T. C. Brown, David Burlington, John E. Smith; 
1S5S, Samuel M, Kinstry, Milton Dny.Samuc] Reindollor; 
■ 1860, Dr. B. Mills, John W. Gorsuch, David Roop ; 1S61, 
Somerset R, Waters, George Everhort, Warren I,. Little 
(December session); 1S62, Jonas Ecker, John N. Starr, 
Somerset R. Water?: 1864, Moses Shaw, George Everhart, 
John W. Angel, William S. Wooden, X. D. Norris; 1865, 
William A. Wampler, Benjamin Poole, James V. Criswell, 
E. F. Benin.,, S. K. (lore; 1S6S, Henry S. Davis, John !I. 
Jordon, John W. Hardin, Benjamin Worthingtou; 1870, 
William II. Crouse, Airkarl Winters, George A. Shower, 
John H. Jordon; 1S72, James 11. Steele, Lewis A. J. La- 
motte, Trusten Polk, II. II. Lamotte; 1S74, Henry Vun- 
dcrford, Henry Gait, Dr. S. R. Waters. Thomas C. Brow,,; 
1S70, Frank Broun, H. H. Lamotte, Dr. Jacob Rinehart, 
Dr. S. II. Waters; 1S7S, Frank T. Xewbelle, T. Herbert 
Shriver, lloberi Sellman, Sr., Frank Brown ; 1SSII. William 
T. Smith, T. Herbert Shriver. Hubert Sellman, Sr., Benja- 
min F. Crouse ; 1SS2, Henry Gal!. Edward W. Leeds, David 

A. C. Webster, Joseph W. Berret. 

Miscellaneous Oj/lrinh in 1SS1. 
sislmit School Examiner, Orlando Reese ; Deputy County 
Clerks, George A. Miller, N. Brnee Boyle, James A. Difi'en- 
baugh" Deputy Register of Wilis, George M. Parke. 

iliees of the Peace in Carroll Cunt,, since it, Organization 
at it Count,/— When Appointed or Elected. 

19, John Manning, Basil Boot, James Kcefor, John C. Kethy, 
Adam Fiescr, Michael Smith, Josiah Shilling, Henry 
Draeh, Jonathan Dorsey, Jacob Wiekcrt, Thomas B. 
Owings, Wilton Burdett, John 'Jones, of John, Michael 
Lynch, John Kcrlinger, John F. Keese, Charles Denning, 
Jacob Farver, Thomas Ingels, George W.Manro; 1840, J. 
Henry Hoppe; 1841, Jabez Gore, Jesse Brain, John Lock- 
ard; 1S42, Benjamin Williams, Samuel Moflett, Jabez 
Gore, Thomas J. Carter, J. Henry Hoppe, John Potherer, 
Jacob Grove, Abraham Laruott, Josiah Shilling, George 
Williams; 1S4.1, Thomas Grislcy, John Malchom, Jacob 
Kerlinger, John Rinehart, Samuel Lamott, James Heind, 
David Hoop, Basil llayden ; 1844, Jacob Myerly, Julius 

B. Berret, Elijah Woolery, Michael Smith; 1S45, Otho 
Shipley, James Smith, Benjamin Shunk, John Loehitz, 
Washington Van Bibber, Isaao Dern, Jeremiah Bartho- 
low, Daniel Stonesifer, William Ecker, James Kelly, David 

C. Fraukforter, George D. Klinefelter, Abraham Bixlcr, 
Henry H. Herbaugh, Stcpheu Oursler, Niinrod Stevenson, 
Charles Devilbiss, Abraham England, James McKellip, 
John K. Longwell, Henry V. Buchen, Richard A. Kirk- 
wood, Jacob Stone, Archibald Horsey, Frank Tingling, 
Joshua H. Shipley, Zachariah Ebaugb, 'James Douty, 
John Hood. Jr., Solomon Stoeksdalc, Geo. E. Wampler, 
Richard Owings, Charles Stevenson, William Shaw, Wash- 
ington 3arnes, Samuel Swa, mstodt, Warren L. Little, 
Alexander Gill, ss, Nicholas Dorsey, Thomas Honk, Hora- 
tio F. Bardwell, David B. Earhart, Moses Myers, Joshua 
Smith, G. Ogg, Henry Stamf; 1846, John Leatherwood, 
James Rodgere, Jonathan Morris, David Kephart, Win. 
Jordan, John Delaplane, Peter E. Myers, Thomas 
W. Durbiu. Daniol Banker, Joshua Stansbury, Jacob 
Zumbrun, Franklin J. Smith ; 1S47, Geo. W. Wilson, Ste- 
phen Goi-uei, : 1S4S, Jabez Gore, Jacob Grove, Jacob 

Myerly, Joseph Gernand, George Everhart, James Baker, 
J. Henry Hoppe, Geo. W. Manro, Jonathan Dorsey, Eli 
Hewitt, George Foster, William Fibber, Thomas Hook, 
George Miller, Daniel L. Hoover, Samuel A. Lamer, 
Daniel J.Gciman, 1). ]■'. Lnmott, Thus. S. Blown, John 
Mauss, Geo. L. Little, Michael Sullivan, David Bussard, 
Samuel Mcssinger, Michael Smith, Kelpher Crawmcr, Ju- 
lius B. Benett, Francis J. Crawford, D. W. Houck, John 

C. Price, Charles Denning, Jacob Kerlinger, Joseph Spur- 
rier, George Bramwcll, William Lockard, George P. Al- 
baugh, Joseph Crcager, John Rinehard, Thos. B. Bucking- 
bam, George Williams, Jesse Manning, David Bussard, 
James Rodgcrs, William Tagg, Samuel Mcssinger, Geo. 
W. Daniel, Peter B. Mikosoll, David Hope, Richard Har- 
ris, Larkin Buckingham; 1S40, Michael Sullivan, Joseph 
Stonesifer; 1S50, David Wolf, Geo. L. Little, Jacob Wie- 
kert, Michael Smith, I>. F. Lamott, John Rinehart, Charles 
Dunning, David Bussard, Elijah Woolery, D. W. Houck, 
George Foster; 1861. John W. McAllister; 1852, Jacob 
Myers, Jesse Manning, J. Henry Hoppe, David Wolf, 
Win. Jordan, David Feeser, James Rodgors, John Mauss, 
Eli Hewitt, George Miller, William Tagg, James Baker, 
Jacob Kerlinger, Larkin Buokiughain, George Foster, 
Basil Hoyden, William Fisher, George Everhart, Thos. B. 
Oivings, George Ogg, Joseph Spurrier, John W. McAlister, 
George Bramwcll, D. F. Lamott, Thos. S. Brown, Kelpher 
Crawmcr, Joshua Lamott, Peter B. Mikosell, Henry W. 
Deel, Henry H. Herbaugh, E. L. Crawford, David Hape, 
Richard Harris, John C. Price; 1S53, Jesse Hollingsworth, 

D. W. Houck, Richard Deel, Mordecai G. Coelcey, Benj. 
Shunk, J.Henry Hoppe, David B. Earhart, Wm. Gens- 
fribc, Jesse Manning, Wm. A. Wampler, Charles Denning, 
James McKellip, Wm. Haugh, Wm. B. Currcy, Wm. Wal- 
ter, Jacob Kerlinger, Richard Harris, John ('. Price, F. 0. 
Franklin, H. II. Herbaugh, John ICoontz, Laac Dern, 
David Otto, Joshua Switzor, John Hood, Thomas B. 
Owings, Alex. Gilliss, Abraham Lamott; 1854, Bennett 
Spurrier ; 1855, Wm. Walter, Henry Fleagle, George Mil- 
ler, Jacob Kerlinger, Henry Motter, John Fowhle, of Jacob, 
Edwin A. Atlec, W. A. Wampler, Jacob Shurve, Abraham 
Albaugh, II. H. Herbaugh, Reuben Conaway, MordccaiG. 
Coekey, Aquila Pickett, J. Henry Hoppe, A. 11. Jenkins, 
Geo. Richards, John T. Lowe, Joseph Matthias, David 
Otto, Nathan Gorsuch, Nicholas D. Xorris, M. B. L. Bas- 
sarfl, John Delaplane, Wm. Crouse, Elijah Woolery, Daniel 
Stone, iter, Geo. L. Little: 1856, Daniel L. Hoover, John 
C. Price; 1857, J. Henry Hoppe, F. O.Franklin, Wm. 
Crouse, David B. Flegal. M. G. Coekey, Hanson M. Draeh, 
Joseph Matthias, Reuben Conaway, Aquila Pickett, Bi n- 
jamin W. Bennett, X. D. Norris, W. G. Slys/w-., ,' Peter B. 

Mikesell, Daniel Stonesifer, Henry Glaze,,;, Jesse B. Christ, 
F. A. Switzer, Elijah Woolery, Benj. SI ( 'unk, Geo. Miller, 
Frederick H. Crabbs, John C. Price, ' ,v w. Haugh, Geo. 
Richards, Jr., Wm. Walter, Abraham A Ibaugh, John Dela- 
plane, Nathan Gorsuch,!). Otto, II. H. ' der °augh,H.Geatty; 
1859, E. A. Atlee, Joseph Mathias, A.\ } S - Y ™tz. W. A. Wam- 
pler, James Lockard, J. Henry Hoppey Wm. Walter, II. M. 
Draeh, 1). B. Flegal, John T. Young, i Henry Motter, John 
Mauss, P. B. Mikesell. Jacob Zumbrt ,u . Jacob Shriver, 
Benjamin Shunk, John Del;, [Jane, So ™acl A. Lauver, 
Aquila Pickett, W. G. Shi], ley, John Ci- l'rice, William 
Crouse, Joshua Switzer, ]•'. A. Switzer, »•'■ G. < .. I ... ? rr_ 
H. Herbaugh, Jesse Braun, Israel Xorris. Evan Thomp- 
son; 1861, J. Washington Cochran, Joseph Mathias, W. A. 

Wamphr, John Wesson, Etna. I Gcrna"d. John Mauss, 

Jacob D. Hopple, J,, In, IXlap e, William Lockard, II. 


|l. Hcrbaugh, John G. Ways, M. G. Cockey, William Lens- 
. Id, J. William Everhart, Nathan Gorsuch, E. A. Atlec, 
ij i r ge P. Albaugh, George -Miller, Join: Fultz, Jacob Zum- 
b, m, Joshua Switzer, John T. Young, William Haugb, 
llenrj Matter, A. Pickett, Eli Hewitt, John C. Price, Jct- 
.on L. Gill, D. B. Flegal, Thomas Tipton, Solomon S. 
I ■ '..--, William Fisher: 1S63, William Tenstield, W. J. 
Mitlcn, Joseph Mathias, William E. Shiiner, Richard Har- 
ris. George Miller, William Haugh, Anion Brice, Aquila 
Pickett, John Wesson,- Joseph BruimncI, Joseph II. Gilliss, 
.1. C. Price, Henry Frttck, II. H. Herbaugh. J. W. Cochran, 
Nathan Gorsuch, S. B. Stocksdale, Thomas Tipton, Levi 
V. Frock, Eli Hewitt, George E. Buckingham, John Dcla- 
planc, William FUber, Henry Mottcr, Francis Warner, 
Joshua Switzer, Solomon P. Eeker, John-Mauss; 1SC1, 
William Lockard. George E. Buckingham ; JS65, John S. 
Wamplcr, William Lockard, Benjamin Sbunlt, James 
Kelly, William Haugh, George .Miller. John T. Ways, J. 
Williams', D. E. Earhart, David Otto. J. William Everhart, 
Thomas Tipton, Henry Glaze, Aquila Pickett, George E. 
Wauipler, Joslmo Switzer, Joshua Gain, .T.L.Gill, Peter 
A. Shipley. John Hesson, Solomon S. Kcker, John Fultz, 
John W. Cochran, Nicholas S. F. Harden, Eli Hewitt, 
Michael Babylon: ISC6, George K. Wampler, J. L. Gill, 
Thomas Dcinoss. Michael Babylon, Joshua Cain, Peter 
Litter: 1867, John W. McAlister, John Lainott, Cornelius 
Jenkins, William Fisher, Henry Gait, W. H. Stocksdale, 
Levi Yingling, Joshua Cain, Francis Warner, John Mans, 
.Nathan Gorsuch. Azariah Ourslcr, A. Neal, Stephen Gor- 
sucb, W. J. Mitten, J. Henry Hoppe, Eli Hewitt, John W. 
Jones, D. II. Hoffacker, J. B. Summers William T. Smith, 
J. Oliver Wadlow, Henry Bussard, Henry Moller, David 
Otto, Michael Babylon; 1S68, Petei B Mikesell, William 
Fisher, W. L. Tracy, Henry Gait, Simon Bangc, Charles 
Denning, Josh-a Switzer, Joshua Cain. W. II. Stocksdale, 
W. T. Smith, Levi Yin-ling, C. W. Hood, Henry Bussard, 
J. W. McAlister, Charles Sykes, David Otto, John Lamott, 
J. Henry Hoppe, J. E. Summers, W. J. Mitten, John 
Mam-, J. Oliier Wadlow, C. Jenkins, Henry Mutter, J. 
W. Jones, A. Seal, Nathan Gorsuch, Thomas B. Bucking- 
ham, G. W. Gilbert; 1S70, W. L. Tracy, G. A. Flicking, 
(I. W. Gilbert. C. W. Hood, A. Oursler, X. Gorsuch, Henry 
Eussard, William Fisher, T. C. Jenkins. W. G. Byers, J. 
Henry Hoppe, J. Oliver Wadlow, Stephen Gorsuch, Wil- 
liam T. Smith. W. H. Stocksdale, Henry Motter, John W. 
Jones, Henry Gait, Thomas B. Buckingham, George L. 
Stocksdale, J. B. DehotT. John W. McAlister, A.J. Houck, 
P. B. Mikesell, Charles Denning, E. Lcgorc, W. J. Mitten, 
A. Xcal, Joshua Switzer, Andrew Grammer; 1S72, Ezra 
Lcgorc, Stephen Gorsuch, Henry Gall, William Fisher, J. 
William Everhart, C. Jenkins, William J. Mitten, Abner 
Neal, Joshua Switzer, J. Oliver Wadlow, William T. Smith, 
William L. Tracy, Azariah Oursler, George A. Fliekinger, 
Henry .Mottcr, A. J. Houck, Henry Bussard, Charles W. 
Hood, James Morgan, William Stocksdale, Nathan Gor- 
such, Peter B. Mikesell, Thomas B. Buckingham, George 
L. Stocks lab-, George W. Gilbert, Sauiucl Shunek : 1S73, 
John W. Abbott: 1874, Charles W. Hood, James Morgan, 
S.B. Stocksdale, Henry Gait, Joel Brown, J. Henry Hoppe, 
J. P. Maiehorn, J. Oliver Wadlow, Charles Denning. Lewis 
Dielman, William T.Smith, Henry Motter, Joshua Switzer, 
Ezra Lcgorc. William J. Mitten. William L. Tracy, G. A. 
Fliekinger, A. Oursler. Jacob I'. Baltovcr, J. W. Abbott, 
Eli Erb, Vine:.- Brown, G. W. Gilbert, C. W. Hood, J. B. 

s »'crs, rhomas B. Buckingham, Abner Neal, Stephen 

'"■rsuch, l'vt, r II. Mikesell, William H. Crouse, Samuel 

Shunk, Henry A. McAtce; 1; 
J. P. Baltozcr, Francis Wan 
Fliekinger. Joab Brown, Join 

'5, Francis Warner; 1S76, 
•r, Louis Hodman,. 0. A. 
B. Summers, W. T. Smith, 

Joshua Switzer. W. II. Foglc, G. W. Matthews, Jesse A. 
Legorc, Samuel Messinger, J. K. Kearney, Thomas Tipton, 
W. J. Mitien, J. Henry Hoppe, G. W. Crapstcr, J. E. 
Ward, A. Ourslcr, James Morgan, J. W. Abbott, J. Oliver 
Wadlow. Charles Denning, Henry Gait, Stephen Gorsuch, 
Henry .Motter, William Fishor, Dr. H. M. Drach, J. E. 
Christ, John Elgin, Howard McGill, Isaiah Hann, C. W. 
Hood. (I. F. Yingling, Thomas Jones. Charles H. Favour; 
1S77, Richard Dell; 1S7S, Jacob P. Baltozcr, Samuel S. 
Spalding, Dr. II. M. Drach, Peter II. Mikesell, Azariah 
Ourslcr. J. Henry Hoppe, J. U. Legorc, J. 11. Knipple, G. 

A. Fliekinger, Henry Gait, Louis Dielman, W. J. Mitten, 
Joab Brown, John W. Abbott, P. Bennett, William Fisher, 
Gustavus W. Crapstcr, II. McGill, Thomas Jones, Thomas 

B. Buckingham, J. 1!. Summers, Francis Warner, John 
Elgeu, James Morgan, J. K. Kearney, J. Bowman, Isaiah 
Hann, Daniel K. Christ. William T. Smith. J. Oliver Wad- 
low, W. H. Stocksdale, Richard Dell, Henry Mottcr, Thomas 
Tipton, Nathan Gorsuch, John P. Fowler, Charles R. 
Favour. D. Calvin Warner, J. Frank Shipley; 1SS0, Joab 
Broun, Henry (ialt. Azariah Oursler, J. P. Baltozcr, Wil- 
liam Fisher, .lames C. Davis, S. S. Spalding, Richard Dell, 
Thomas Tipton, John W. Abbott, Dr. Hanson, M. Drach, 
Louis Dielman. Thomas Jones, William J. Mitten, S. II. 
Hoffacker, G. W. Crapstcr, John Bnvgoon, E. E. Lovell, 
John Elgcn, Ira E. Crouse, John V. Fowler, Thomas B. 
Buckingham, Pete, B. -Mikesell, Henry Motter, John Bow- 
man, D. Calvin Warner, W. H. Stocksdale, J. Henry Knip- 
ple, Charles It. Favour, Nathan Gorsuch, J. F. Shipley, J. 
K. Kearney, John B. Summers, Dai id If. Reindollar, Jesse 
F. Bilimyer, Henry Crook ; 1881, Joseph Arnold, Andre* 
J. Dougherty. 

Register, of Voter*. 

JS60-67.— 1st District, W. A. Hiteshtie, Washington Gait; 2d, 
J. H. Jordan; 3d, Peter E. Myers, Abraham Long; 4th, 
Thomas Gorsuch; 5th, Jesse Hollmgswoi th ; nth, Jacob 
Linaweaver; 7th, Benjamin Williams, George W. Shriver; 
Sth, Richard Harris; 9th, Abraham Albough; HHh, David 
Otts; 11th, Jesse Lambert. 

1S6S.— IX. B. Warden, W. H. Lainott, John M. Yingling, Abra- 
ham Albaugh, George Shower, S. G. Harden, W. A. Hitcs- 
hue, Peter E. Myers, Jeremiah Malshorn, Jesse Lambert, 
William Valentine, G. W. Crapstcr. 

1869.— Uriah B. Mikesell. 

1S71L— Jesse Lamb.rt, G. W. Crapstcr, W. II. Lamott, Abra- 
ham Albaugh, George Shower. William H. Hull, Uriah B. 
Mikesell, John li. Haines, William Valentine, Samuel G. 
Harden, Jeremiah Malshorn. 

1871.— Sth District, Jacob Coltrider. 

1872.— 1st District, G. W. Cropster: 2d, John K.Haines; 3d, 
Eli Erb; lib, William 11. Lamott; 5th, S. D. Warfield ; 
6th, George Shower; 7th, Uriah B. Mikesell; Sth, Jacob 
Coltiider: Sth, Abraham Albaugh; 10th, William Valen- 
tine; 11th, Jesse Lambert; 12th, John Hartsoek. 

1S73.— 7th District. Lee McElroy. 

1ST I. — 1st District, William Fi-her: 2d, John It. Haines; 3d, 
Jonas Frock; 4th, Daniel Ebaugh ; 5th, Surratl D. War- 
He Id : 6th, George Shower; 7th, Lee McElroy; Sth, Ji ob 
Coltrider; 9th, Abraham Albaugh ; loth, Levi Buffington ; 
11th, Jesse Lambert; 12th. John Hartsoek. 

1876.— 1st District, William L. Rudisel; 2d, John It. Haines; 
3d. Jonas Frock: lib, Daniel Ebaugh; 5th, Samuel S. 
Spalding: f.tb, George Shower; 7th. Lee McElroy; sth, 




Francis L. Hann;. 9th, Abraham Albaug 

Sliunk; Uth, Jesse Lambert; 12th, John Hartsoek. 
1877.— 4th District, Noah Stocksdale. 
1S7S.— lft District, W. L. Rudisel; 2<1, John R. Haines ; 3d, 

Jonas Frock: 4th, Noah StocksJnlc; 5th. Dr. Joseph W. 

Steele; 6th, George Shower; 7th, Lee McElroy, G. W. 

Matthews ; Sth, Francis L. Hann ; 9th, Abraha 

10th, John Shunkj 11th, Jesse Lambert; 

1880.— 1st District, Charles A. Wacsche; 2d, John R. Haines; 

3d, William G. Byers; 4th, John Friek ; 5th, Dr. .1. VV. 

Steele; 6th, George Shower; 7th, George W. Matthews; 

Sth, James W. Hann ; 9th, Lewis C. Franklin ; 10th, John 

Shunk; lltb, Jesse Lambert; 12th, John Hartsoek. 

Tax Collectors. 

1866.— 1st District, Samuel T. Clingan; 2d, T. H. Routson; 3d, 
Benjamin Hcsson ; 4th, Stephen Oursler; 5th, William I). 
Frizzell ; 7th, Henry Shreev ; Sth, David Grogg ; 9tb, John 
Hood; 10th, John Root: 11th, Mordecai Engler. 

1867.— 1st District, S. T. Clingan; 2d, T. II. Rontson; 3d, 
Benjamin Hesson ; 4th, Stephen Oursler; 6th, W. T. Friz- 
rail; 6th, Jesse Schultz; 7th, Henry Shreev; Sth, David 
Grogg; 10th, -Jacob Shriner; I lth, .Mordecai Engler. 

1S6S.— 7th District, Jacob Holmes; 8th, Benjamin Jackson; 
9th, Joseph Spurrier; Edward Spalding, Henry T. Eck, 
Nathan Hanna, O. K. Frank, Samuel A. Lauver, James 
Gilbert, James White, Freeborn Gardner, Edward Spald- 

1869.— Henry T. Eck, James Gilbert, Freeborn Gardner, Na- 
than Hanna, Samuel A. Lauver, Benjamin Jackson, James 
W. 'White, George K. Frank, Jacob Holmes, Edward Spal- 
ding, Joseph Spurrier. 

1870.— 1st District, A. F. Arndorff; 2d, James Gilbert; 3d, W. 
T. Feeser; 4th, Samuel A. Lauver; 5th, Freeborn Gard- 
ner; 6tb, George K.Frank; 7th, Jacob Holmes ; Sth, Ben- 
jamin Jackson; 9th, Joseph Spurrier; 10th, William A. 
Grimes; lltb, D. W. Snader. 

1871.— Same, excepting Isaiah Hann in loth and John N. 
Selby in 9th, vice Grimes and Spurrier. 

1872.— 1st District, Edward Spalding; 2d, Dennis Cookson; 
4th," Jesse Long; 6th, John J. Abbott; 7th, George P. Al- 
baugh; Sth, Benjamin Jacksun ; 9th, John N. Selby; 10th, 
Isaiah Hann. 

1873.— 1st District, Edward Spalding; 2d, Dennis Cookson; 
3d, Daniel Myers ; 4th, Jesse Long; 5th, Freeborn Gard- 
ner; 6th, John J. Abbott; Sth, Benjamin Jackson; 9th, 
Henry S. Davis; loth, Isaiah Hann; 11th, D. W. Snader. 

1874. — 1st District, Edward Spalding; 2d, J. Hamilton Singer; 
3d, Daniel Myers; 4th, Jesse Long; 5th, Freeborn Gard- 
ner; 6th, Joseph Weimer; 7th, George P. Albaugb ; Sth, 
W. H.'Armacost; 10th, Jacob Sharretts; 11th, D. W. 

1875.— 1st District, Edward Spalding; 2d, J. H. Singer; 3d, 
. Daniel Myers; 4th, Jesse Long; 6th, Joseph Weimer; 7th, 
G. P. Albaugb; 8th, J.Thomas Green; 0th, Byron S. 
Dorsey; 10th, Jacob Sharretts; 11th, D. W. Snader. 

1876.— 1st District, Edward Spalding; 2d, J. H. Singer; 3d, 
Daniel Myers; 5th, Freeborn Gardner; 6th, Joseph Wei- 
mer; 7tb, G. P. Albaugb; 8th, J. Thomas Green; 9th, 
Byron S. Horsey; 11th, Joseph A. Wacsche. 

1877.— 1st District, Washington Reaver; 2d, J. H. Singer; 3d, 
Daniel Myers; 4th, Jesse Long; 5th, R. II. Wadloiv; 6th, 
Joseph Weimer; 7th, G. P. Albaugb; Sth, Isaac T.Green; 
9tb, li. S. Horsey; 10th, Jacob Sharretts; lltb, J. A. 

1878.— 1st District, W. Reaver; 2d, Benjamin Reaver; oth, G. 
W. Manro; 6th, G. K.Frank ; 7th, VV. G. Rincbart; Sth, 
Isaac T. Green; 9th, li. S. Dorsey ; 10th, J. II. Diffendal; 
11th, J. A. Wacsche; 12th, George P. Buckley. 

1879.— 1st District, W. Reaver; 2d, Benjamin Reaver; 3d, 
Daniel Myers; 4th, Jesso Long; 5th, G. W. Manro; Gth, 
G. K. Frank; 7th, W. G. Rinehart; 8th, J. T. Green; 9th, 
B.S. Horsey; 10th, J. II. Diffendal; 11th, J. A. Wacsche ; 
12th, G. 1>. Buckley. 

1SS0-81.— Same, save H. P. Smel/.er in lltb. 

It is sometimes interesting to glance ovev the results 
of successive elections held during a given period and 
to note llie gradual changes effected in public senti- 
ment by the' lapse of time, the inarch of enlighten- 
ment, or the happening of exciting events which 
exert an influence on the minds of electors. A philo- 
sophic study of such statistics will enable a careful 
student to evolve the outline of the history of a 
people, the bent of their minds, and even their char- 
acter and habits. 

The names of the principal candidates for office 
at every prominent election held in Carroll County 
since 1847 to the present time (1881) is given below, 
together with the number of votes cast for each can- 
| didate : 

Gubernatorial Vote, 1847. 



llan ..-:■ ad 150 

Franklin 109 


Vote for Delegates, 1S47. 

Powder 1701 Cover 

Third Congressional District. 

Baltimore County 2401 

Five Wards of Baltimore 2509 



Carroll County 1801 

Total 74(7 



•■/..,- Sheriff, ISIS. 

Taney town 


.... 132 

... us 

... 117 



... 110 


... 1278 


Vote for Prerident, ISIS, 
piltrictl Lewis Casa. Zachary Taylo 

(or,-,,/ „„ii Sen 

Districts. Clark. Lowe. Langwell. Liggett. 
(Whig.) (Democrat.) (Whig.) (Democrat 

Tancvtown 321 1C2 293 1S9 

Uniontown 358 21S 357 217 

Myers - SO 157 82 155 

Woolerv's 110 155 120 149 

Freedom 215 88 221 SO 

Manchester 79 301 SO 359 

Westminster 201 250 2SS 226 

Hauipstead 77 1-1G 81 140 


Woolery's.... 15: 

Freedom 7- 

Manchester. 27! 

Westminster 22. 

Hauipstead., 11 

Franklin 5 

I'ockcy. Browu. Kdge 


Parke. Shower 


Districts. Wampler. Ecke 





of the Ne 

me 4, 1851. 




W oolery :... 




'■ .■!. 

Total 1378 

l'L-T i. 




Mattel,' - 


Comptroller, November, 1851. 

1'. l\ Thomas. G. C. Morgan. 
(Democrat.) (Whig.) 


1604, Frod'k A. Schley 
2, R. H. Marshall S65, 

Court of Appeal-, John 1'. J 


Circuit Judge, Madison Nelsi 

W. M. Merrick 153, J. M. Palmer 721. 

Clerk of Court. John B. Boyle 1SS2, John McCollum 1590. 

Sheriff, W.S. Brown 2199, S. J. Jordan 1491, Otho Shipley 


ar Register of Wilis, Joseph M. Parke 1607, J. J. Baun 


For State's Attorney, D. L. Hoover 1S07, C. W. Webster 1543. 
For Orphans' Court, M. Sullivan 1707. G. W. Manro 1800, Levi 
Buffington 1784, J. C. Gist 139S, II. Price 1493, John 
Thomson 1302, D. B. Earhart 214, B. Haydn]) 378. 
For Assembly, E. F. Croat 1730, D. Stull 1702, J. E. H. Ligget 
1793, Thus. Hook 151)5, E. G. Cox 1346, G. E. Wampler 
166b, R. It. Booth 231, A. Lamott 300. 
For Survey,,!, J. Henry Hoppc 15S2, James Kelly 1828. 
Vole for President, 1S52. 
Districts. Tierce. Scott. 

Taneytown 153 236 

Uniontown 244 341 

Myers' 201 79 



.... 423 

Yoh- for School Con 


mere, A'o 

1 1 

523 331 317 323 ¥48.07 

Gubernatorial V 


Vote/or State Comptroller, IS 


T. Li K on 



Total 2046 



as Smith 1909, 
Joseph Ebaugb 

M. Tall,. 

For Congress, Dr. Jacob Shower 2053, John 1 
For nek-gates, Josiah L. Bauglier 1882, Thi 

Robert Dade 191S, George E. Wampler 181 

1744, Stephen Oursler 10-13. 
For Register of Wills, J. J. Baumgardner 1 

For Sheriff, J. M. Yingling 2077, S. J. Jordan 1751. 
For School Commissioners, Samuel Eeker 1669, J. H. Shipley 

149S,J.W.Earhart 1730, J. C. Cookson 2009, A. K. Shriver 

2061, Jacob Holmes 2011. 
For County Commissioners. J. U. Chenowitb 1731, J. C. Gist 

1780, John Cover 1S53, Michael Baughman 2038, Jona- 
than Dorsey 1927, Isaac Appier 1726. 

W. W. W. Bowi. 

Vote for State 


Comptroller, 185 

W. H. Furnell 














il Vote, 1856. 




H pstead 



ial Vote, 1S57. 

J. C. Croonie 

I'ri ntown 







New Windsor 


■ 502 

........... 186 


.".'.'.'""" 11) 


T. 11. Hicks 








Count}/ Ojjiccrg. 

.11. I'm 



ill. \\i 

se 2417 
d O'Br 

M. F. 

C. W. Webster 2333. 
Register of Wills, J. M. Parke 2435, Jacob Campbell 2293. 
Judges of Orphans' Court, D. S. Herring 2301, G. W. 

2314, Jonas Ecki 

2370, Horatio Pr 



John Thorn]. 

on 2393 

J. c 


'al Vote 



















n Sh 


link : 

for Co 
371, '11. 

nity Commisi 
.mas F. Shi 



5348, John 

Chew 3: 


S. Da\ 

is 1531, Sa. 



Lauvei 1 



. Frar 

k 1522. 


or Com} 

trailer of St 






U. 11 G. 





Total 1617 


Vote for Sheriff. 

J„»r|,li Kbough 205 

1, J. M. Tingling 1406, E 



II. P. A lbs ugh 


Presidential Vote, 1864. 




.......I""......"!.". 90 



F d "m"'" 





New Windsor 







Vole for Sheriff, 1805. 


Jncoli D. Ho]>pe 



A. Bus 






New Windso 




For Commweionere. 


T. F. Shepherd 14 

21, Thomas Paynter 1471 


n IT. 

1728, Israel No 

rris 372, John n. Jordan 2 


II. H. Harbaugh 1S00. 

Votefor State Comptroller, 1866. 

(K.-|.iit.Po.iii.) (Dc; 


Total 2259 1494 

Vote on the Adoption of the OorutiUUion, Sept. IS, 1S67 
Districts. For. Against. 

Tanevtown 103 2113 

Uniontown 145 209 

Myers' _ 251 91 

Vote for Calling Co, 

April 10, 1S67. 


; | 

1 :■,! 















LongwelL M. 




. 96 


. 100 1 


115 1 


. 378 3 


. 310 3 


.123 1 


. 09 


. 39 

New Windsoi 

. 10S 1 


. 1723 17 




109 10S 

!0 1723 1721 1721 

The Republicans voted against calling a conventiot 

and placed no candidates fur delegates in the field. 

Gubernatorial Vote, IS07. 
_. . . , (Men n.iwic, IIu;-!j 1 l;.n,(l. 

Donets. (Democrat.) (K, T uMuhn.) 




Total 2S15 2291 

For Senator, Nathan Browne 2789, D. H. Swope 2352. 

For Delegates, H. S. Davis 2S06, J. II. Jordan 27S6, Benjamin 
Worthington 2799, John W. Harden 2777, Robert Russell 
2334, W. W. Naill 2324, Jesse Andrews 2352, Jacob C. 
Turner 2327. 

For Clerk, John B. Boyle 2716, William A. McKellip 2106. 

For Register of Wills, Joseph M. Parke 2710, II. W. Herbaugh 

For State's Attorney, C. T. Ucifsnyder 27S0, A. D. SchaefTer 

For Sheriff, Thomas B. Gist 2S04, Washington Gait 2327. 

For Surveyor, Francis Warner 2707, James Kelley 2340. 

For Orphans' Court, II. T. Webb 2780, Jacob Powder 2719, 
Levi Buftington 2770, Joseph Shacffer, 2370, Jacob Camp- 
bell 237S, David Pugh 2350. 

Presidential Vote, 1S0S. 
Districts. Seymour. Grant. 


1 „,. 



Vote for Siaif Camptr 

«cr, 1869. 
aWalford. V 

. 235 
. 248 


. 459 
. 419 
. 208 





ael Baugln 

hu Richie. 




F. Whyte. 









m. A. McKillip. 



aan (Rejmbli- 


John E. Smith. 



Jacob Tome. 









Vote/or State Comptroller, 1873. 

Levin -Wul- 
Dislricts. Curd. 


Taneytown 155 

H. H. Golds- 



• 315 

Jj y Y | 


.. 213 




.. 296 








Westminster: Precinct No 




.. 493 
.. 302 

'.'. 200 
.. 1S1 





Vote far Sheriff, 

John Trace; (Democrat) 2522, Mich 

can) 2073, John M. Yingling (rn 

.. 2964 

e, 1S74. 

Charles J). 


.. 123 
.. 1SS 
.. 239 
.. 252 
.. 183 
.. 490 
.. 289 
.. 264 
.. 167 
.. 141 
.. 61 
.. 1S5 



John T. 








i,'" c 


Westminster: Precinct No 
" No 




Westminster: Precinct No. 1.. 


New Windsor 


New Windsor 

Union liri.ige 





.. 2664 

e, 1S75. 

John T ..-i 


.. 124 

.. 197 
.. 267 
.. 291 
. 222 
.. 404 
.. 267 
.. 260 
.. 195 
.. 153 
.. 66 
. 171 
.. 76 

.. 2753 

, 1S76. 

. 148 

. 213 

. 294 
.. 316 
.. 304 
.. 514 

. 307 

. 303 
.. 247 

. 215 
.. S6 
.. 204 
.. 94 


Gubernatorial Vote 
Districts. * 

J. Morrison 








Westminster: Precinct No. 1.. 

No. 2.. 



Westminster: Precinct No. 






New Windsor 


Union Bridge 


Presidential F 

.Myers' .'.'.'.'..'.T.V.'.'.'.'.'..'.'.'.!' 


Ma nche.-i er '.'. . '.'.'.'. '.'.'.'".'.'.'.'.'.".' 

Westminster: Precinct No. 





New Windsor 

Union Jiridge 


• It 



Presidential Vote, 





Westminster: Precinct No. 1.. 
Hampstead ...'....". 





Cnion Bridge 




Vote/or Stale Comptroller, 1S77. 

T. J. Dr. C. Ellis 

Districts. Keating. Porter. 

Taneytown 148 338 

Doiontown 184 275 

Myers' 265 10S 

Kinksburg 280 172 

Freedom 272 215 

Manchester -177 108 

Westminster: Precinct No. 1... 280 237 

No. 2... 257 293 

Hompstead 210 135 

Franklin 179 164 

Middlcburg 02 114 

New Windsor 178 2U9 

Total 2873 2549 

Vole for Sheriff, 1877. 
Woods 2725, Edmund A. Ganter 2503, Abraham Greidcr 

Congressional Vole, 1878. 
T . ., • J. Fred. C. Taltintt. G.B. Milligan. 

District*. ( (Independent.) 

Taneytown 104 91 

Uniontown 120 49 

Mvcrs' 221 27 

Finksburg 178 45 

Freedom 103 112 

Manchester 393 92 

Westminster: Precinct No. 1... 213 170 

No. 2... 205 197 

Hampstead 147 54 

Franklin 100 4 

Middleburg 5C 36 

New Windsor 147 104 

Union Uridge 6S 06 

Total 2175 1050 

e vote was 2000 short. McCombs also received S9 votes 
ing 27, and Miller 11. 

Gubernatorial Vote, 1879. 
ni . . , W T.Hnmilton. J.A.Gary. 

Dl8,r "- ,s - (Democrat.) (Bepuulican.) 

Taneytown 179 399 

Dniontown 241 348 

Myers' 295 124 

Finksburg 327 253 

Freedom 322 290 

Manchester 545 186 

Westminster: Precinct No. 1... 329 276 

" No. 2... 304 34S 

Ilampstend 253 147 

Franklin 229 227 

Middlcburg 98 144 

New Windsor 18S 230 

Union ttridgc 107 149 

Total 3417 3121 

Presidential Vole, 1SS0. 

Districts. Hancock. Garfield. 

Taneytown 190 375 

Uniontown 234 34S 

Myers' 297 127 

Finksburg 335 229 

Freedom 307 326 

Manchester 570 194 

Westminster: Precinct No. 1... 339 249 

'• No. 2... 298 348 

Hnmpstcad 281 160 

Franklin 228 23S 

Middleburg 91 147 

New Windsor 200 24S 

Union liridge 110 149 

Total 3492 3133 

<»vcr (Greenback candidate) received 42 votes. 

Vote For or Ayainst Liquor License, 1SS0. 

Districts. For. Against. 

Taneytown 182 336 

Uniontown 224 310 

Myers' 321 77 

Finksburg 286 242 

Freedom 280 288 

Manchester 591 138 

Westminster: Precinct No. 1... 301 23S 

" " No. 2... 335 269 

Hampstcad 202 14S 

Franklin 239 188 

Middleburg 103 123 

New Windsor 133 185 

Union Bridge 102 146 

Total 3375 26S8 

Bench and Bar. — The bar of Maryland since the 
days of Luther Martin has enjoyed a national reputa- 
tion for the ability, eloquence, and sound opinions of 
its members. It lias been mainly recruited from the 
counties of the State, and some of its most eloquent 
advocates have been reared amid rural surroundings 
and their pure influences. The local bars at the 
smaller county-seats are seldom heard of beyond the 
circumscribed area of their practice, and yet men 
frequently pass their lives at these provincial points 
whose energies and abilities, exerted in wider fields, 
would have commanded fame and wealth. They are 
useful in their day and generation, and perhaps, after 
all, the approval of their own consciences, and the 
esteem of those who know them best, is a more en- 
during reward than the fleeting praises of the multi- 
tude, or the honors which leave cauker and corrosion 

At the first meetiug of the Circuit Court of Car- 
roll County in 1837, William P. Maulsby, James 
Raymond, James M. Shellman, Arthur P. Shriver, 
and T. Parkin Scott were admitted to practice. Of 
these but one now remains. 

Col. William P. Maulsby, in the fullness of years, 
but with unabated vigor, still represents the interests 
of his clients in the leading courts of the State, aud 
many a more youthful attorney envies the elasticity 
of mind and knowledge of law which he displays. 
Col. Maulsby was born in Harford County, Md., aud 
after careful training selected law as a profession. 
He removed to Frederick, where he practiced until 
the creation of the county of Carroll, when he removed 
to Westminster, and was appointed by the court the first 
State's attorney of the new county. He filled this 
position with great credit until 1846. He was also 
the first State senator from Carroll, and was an active 
and influential member of the higher branch of tin' 
State Legislature for eight years. At the breaking 
out of the civil war Col. Maulsby 's convictions were 
decidedly in favor of the Union, and he gave practi- 
cal directiou to his opinions by taking command of a 



Maryland regiment in the Army of the Potomac, where of the court of Carroll County from its organization 
he saw much active service. Upon his retirement : in 1837 until his death, which occurred Jan. 14, 1851, 
from the army lie resumed the practice of his profes- | His long service is sufficient evidence of the faithful 
Bion in Frederick City, and he was appointed by the j performance of the duties appertaining to the posi- 
Governor, Jan. 20, 1S70, chief judge of the Sixth j tion. He was an active and influential member of the 
Judicial District of Maryland, composed of the coun- j House of Delegates of Maryland in 1845 and 1816. 

ties of Frederick and Montgomery, to fill the vacancy ! James Raymond was State's attorney from 1846 
occasioned by the death of Judge Madison Nelson. 
He filled ? this position acceptably until his successor 
was chosen at the No\ ember election. He is now the 

senior member of the bar in Carroll County, has an 
extensive practice, and stands deservedly high iu the 
legal profession. 

Thomas Parkin Scott, one of the pioneers of the 
Carroll County bar, was born in Baltimore in 1804, 
and educated at St. Mary's College. He studied law 
with an elder brother, and was admitted to the bar in 
Baltimore, where he soon acquired a large practice. 
He was the auditor of the Equity Court for many 
years. He was at one time a member of the City 
Council of Baltimore, and served several terms in the 
Maryland Legislature, of which body he was a mem- 
ber at the breaking out of the war in 1861. He was 
arrested by the military because of his sympathies 
with the South, and confined successively in Forts 
Mellenry, Lafayette, and Warren during a period of 
fourteen months. It is related of him that while 
confined in Fort Warren a Northern preacher re- 
quested to be. allowed to preach to the Southern 
prisoners, which was acceded to provided the latter 
were permitted to select the text. Judge Scott se- 
lected Acts xxv. 27 : " It seemeth to mo unreasona- 
ble to send a prisoner and not withal to signify the 
crimes laid against him." The prisoners did not re- 
ceive the benefit of the clergyman's ministrations on 
that occasion. Judge Scott was elected judge of the 
Circuit Court of Baltimore City in 1S67, and was 
made chief judge of the Supreme Bench in the fol- 
lowing year, both of which positions ho held until 
his death, Oct. 13, 1873. In politics be was a stern, 
uncompromising Democrat, and in religion a sincere 
convert to the Catholic faith. As a judge, he was 
upright, impartial, and wise, and as a man, he was 
beloved and lamented by the community in which he 
had lived. 

Col. James M. Shellman was born in Louisville, 
Ga., Sept. 8, 1801. His wife was a daughter of 
Philip Jones, of the " Gallipot" farm, in Bait 
County, who was a soldier in the war of 1812. The 
grandfather of Mrs. Shellman was the first register of 
wills for Baltimore County, and her great-grandfather 
was Philip Jones, the surveyor who laid out the town 
of Baltimore in 1730. Col. Shellman was the auditor 

to 1847, and a member of the House of Delegates of 
Maryland in 1844. 

Samuel D. Lecompte was a member of the House 
oT Delegates in 1842. 

Charles W. Webster was a son of Rev. Isaac 
Webster, a pioneer preacher, and served several years 
as deputy attorney-general. 

John E. Smith was judge of the Circuit Court 
from 1864 to 1867, and his law-partner, Col. Wil- 
liam A. McKcllip, was clerk of the court from 1S62 
to 1S67. 

Hon. John E. Smith was Lorn at Westminster, on 
the 19th of January, 1830, and received his education 
at Pennsylvania College, Gettysburg, where he grad- 
uated in 1S49. Returning home be determined 
to study law, and entered the office of the distin- 
guished lawyer, J. M. Palmer, at Frederick City. 
After a thorough course of fctudy be was admitted to 
the bar at Westminster, on the 2d of September, 1851, 
and at once secured the respect and esteem of the 
profession and the confidence of his fellow-citizens. 
His success at the bar was rapid and pronounced, and 
he soon acquired an extensive, popularity and influence 
in politics. In 1856 he was elected to the State 
Legislature, and took a very active and prominent 
part, with Hon. Anthony Kennedy, William M. Tra- 
vers, William T. Merrick, and others, in securing the 
repeal of the stamp tax and in effecting other reforms. 

In 1857 he was elected to the Senate of Maryland, 
and in 1859 re-elected to the same body. In 1864 
he was elected a member of the Constitutional Con- 
vention which abolished slavery in this State. UpoD 
the adoption of the constitution of 1S64, Judge 
Smith was elected judge of the Fourth Judicial Cir- 
cuit, comprising the counties of Carroll and Howard. 
During the three years he occupied a position on the 
bench he discharged his duties in so careful and im- 
partial a manner that when the State was redistrictcd 
under the constitution of 1867, he retired with the 
confidence and respect of the people of the two coun- 
e i ties without reference to party. In lo70 he was the 
Republican candidate for Congress iu the Fourth, now 
the Sixth, Congressional District, but was defeated. 
Duriug the session of the Legislature o r that year, 
upon the election or Governor Whyte to the United 
States Seuate, Judge Smith was unanimously selected 


^ A? A 




iv the llcpublicau members and voted for as Gov- 
, i, ir of the State, but. was defeated by Governor 
frf-Kouic. Judge Smith has repeatedly served as 
elector at large upon the Republican Presidential 
ti ket and as delegate to various district, State, and 
Sational Conventions. On the death of Judge Giles 
I was prominently mentioned for United States D 
irici Judge of Maryland, and again 

1870 as Iie- 
an candidate for Governor of Maryland. On 
Iter occasion he publicly announced that he was 
i] aspirant for any office, and that he intended 
thenceforth to devote himself exclusively to the pur- 
suit of bis profession. This declaration was received 
with regret by the general public, as well as by bis 
„,;, nv friends of all shades of political opinion through- 
out tbe State, as Judge Smith had always borne, and 
istill bears, the highest reputation as a lawyer and a 
man. He is now in the prime of life, and in the 
active practice of bis profession, which is very large 
<;>! lucrative. Judge Smith is regarded as being one 
of the soundest and ablest lawyers in the State, and 
enjoys a personal influence iu his community which 
i- the legitimate fruit of a life of the strictest recti- 
lude in all his relations, and of scrupulous fidelity in 
discharging every trust that has been confided to him. 
He has never sought office, and all the nominations 
bestowed upon him were entirely without any solici- 
tation on his part. In fact, it was only after repeated 
and urgent requests that he ever consented to serve 
the people. He lias never been a bitter partisan, but 
at (he same time has always been a zealous and cou- 
ristent member of the Republican party ; and to bis 
uniformly conservative and temperate course is to be 
i-:.ribed much of tbe well-earned popularity which he 

Hon. Charles Boyle Roberts, ex-congressman and 
oiio of Carroll County's leading lawyers, was born in 
Crii.mtown, Carroll Co., April 19, 1842. His father 
(John Roberts) and bis mother (Catharine A. Boyle) 
were natives of Uuiontown, and his ancestors were 
among the earliest settlers of the vicinity. Charles 
B. Huberts was educated at Calvert College, New 
Windsor, where he graduated in 1SG1. Directly 
thereafter be began the study of the law with Hon. 
>< iliiain N. Ilayden (now one of the associate judges 
«f the Circuit Court for the Fifth Judicial Circuit), 
»r>d in 1RC4, being admitted to the bar, made bis 
rvsidence in Westminster, where he has lived and 
! racticed his professiou ever since. In 18G3 be was 

'»eo ou the Democratic ticket as one of the Presi- 

•I titial electors from Maryland, and six years later 

•874) was elected to Congress from tbe Second 

-'.net of Maryland, composed of the counties of 

Cecil, Harford, and Carroll, and all of Baltimore 
County save the First and Thirteenth Election Districts. 
His majority over John T. Ensor, the Republican 
candidate, was 2-1 1,1 in a total vote of 18,020. Dur- 
ing his term he served on the Committee of the Levees 
of the Mississippi River and on the Committee of 
Accounts, of which latter be became the chairman 
upon the transfer of the former chairman (James D. 
Williams) to the Governorship of Indiana. Mr. 
Roberts introduced a bill providing for the equaliza- 
tion of the tax on State and national banks, and sup- 
ported his measure in a speech that attracted marked 
attention. His record in the Forty-fourth Congress 
was so creditable that be was nominated by acclama- 
tion for a seat in the Forty-fifth, and out of a total 
vote of 27,017, gained over J. Morrison Harris, the Re- 
publican candidate, a majority of 3149. His earlier 
experience and the generous development of his capa- 
city as a statesman rendered his service in the Forty- 
fifth Congress singularly useful not only to his own 
district, but. to the State of Maryland. He served as 
chairman of tbe Committee en Accounts, and dis- 
charged his duties with rare discrimination and 
judgment. He was likewise a member of the Com- 
mittee ou Commerce, and in that capacity accomplished 
much beneficial work for the State. He secured lib- 
eral appropriations fur the improvement of Baltimore 
Harbor, and was chiefly instrumental in the passage 
of the bill granting a portion of the Fort McIIenry 
reservation as the site of the new dry-dock. lie bent 
his best energies to effect a revision of the tariff law, 
under which Baltimore has suffered the loss of her 
sugar and coffee trade, and opposed with earnestness 
and vigor the proposed subsidy to John Roach's line 
of Brazilian steamers. Iu a strong speech against 
that measure he concluded as follows : 

"In conclusion, Mr. Speaker, permit mi- to say that while 
the ponding amendment may possess attractions for some 
because of tlie supposed advantages which are expected to 
accrue to tho localities named in it, and while the pros- 
perity of a thrifty and enterprising city may he destroyed 
by the exercise of an unjust, arbitrary, and doubtful power of 
the Federal government in seeking to build up and foster .*. 
trade which private enterprise has failed to develop, I yet sin- 
cerely question whether tho victory thus gained will commend 
itself to the plain, sober second thought of those who are its ad- 
vocates to-day. The wrong thus accomplished will not fail to 
seek a compensation. Time will furnish the opportunity, and 
circumstances will shape the occasion. Wcorc not here to leg- 
islatc for any particular locality, but we come here under tho 
provisions of the Constitution, which in plain tonus de- 
clares that 'no preference shall be given by any regulation 
of commerce or revenue to the ports of one Stato over those of 
another.' It is but a few weeks since we passed the inter-Stato 
commerce bill, in obedience to a puhlie sentiment which de- 
manded that unjust discriminations should not he impo.-ed upon 



the citizens of one State or locality in favor of those of another ; 
and if this amendment is to become ti law it will very mani- 
festly appear that we do not object to the genoral government's 
crushing the prosperity of a great and flourishing city, but wo 
will Dot permit (he corporations of tlio country to exercise any 
such right, that being a special reservation of Congress. How 
different was Mr. Webster's view of this subject, as presented 
in his speech in the Senate, March 7, 1S50, when he said,— 

'"If there be any matter pending in this body, while I am 
a member of it, in which Massachusetts has an interest of her 
own not averse to the general interests of tho country, I shall 
pursue her instructions with gladness of heart and with all 
the efficiency which I can bring to the occasion. But if the 
question he one which affects her interest, and at Ihcsamctiuae 
equally affects the interests of all the other States, I shall no 
more regard her particular wishes or instructions than I should 
regard the wishes of a man who might appoint me an arbitrator 
some question of important private right 


ween him an'd his neighbor an< 
his favor. If ever there was : 
this government; if ever there 

irth it 

a body upon earth it is 
this body, which should consider itself as composed by agree- 
ment of all, each member appointed by some, but organized by 
the general consent of all sitting here, under the solemn obliga- 
tions of oath and conscience, to do that which they think to be 
best for the good of the whole.' 

"Sir, when we shall have reached the conclusion that tho 
highest obligations we owe to the government is to make itsub- 
serve the wants of one State, utterly disregarding the rights of 
the others; when we shall resort to combinations of doubtful 
propriety to purchase successful legist. .th r action : when we can 
afford to ignore past friendly relations, and upon mercenary mo- 
tives seek new alliances, personal ami political, it will not be 
long ere we shall realize— 

'How nations sink, l»y darling S'rheincs oppressed, 
Wbou listens to tho fool's request.' " 

As chairman of tlie Cotnirjittee on Commerce, Mr. 
Roberts perfected a measure for a thorough reorgan- 
ization) of the United States Lifc-Saving Service, and 
enjoyed the gratification not only of securing the 
passage of the act, but of receiving the warmest ap- 
proval of his work abroad as well as at home. At 
the close of his term in the Forty-fifth Congress he 
decided to resume the practice of the law and to re- 
tire from public life. In recognition of his valuable 
services in Congress he was tendered, in the spring 
of 1ST9, by leading citizens of Baltimore, a compli- 
mentary banquet at the Mount Vernon Hotel. The 
following is the letter of invitation : 

"Baltimore, March 7, 1879. 
"Hos. Charles B. Koberts, Westminster, Md.: 

"Dear Sir,— A number of your friends here among our 
business men bare been desiring for some time to make you 
some acknowledgment of the earnestness and ability with 
which you have dedicated yourself in the House of Represen- 
tatives to the furtherance of the business interests of this com- 
munity. There has been no measure of importance to the pros- 
perity of Baltimore in the promotion of which you have not 
t'tken an active and useful part, or in which we have not had 
occasion to be grateful to you for your accessibility and cour- 
tesy, as well as for the intelligence and great efficiency of your 
labors. The adjournment of CoDgrcss affords us the desired 

, and ' 

beg that 
rsduy, the 

,ou will do v 
13th of Mar 

the favc 
h, at 7 I 

that wtiilo 

us at din: 

such other time as may better suit your convenici 
" It will be agreeable to you. wc are sure, to kn 
the gentlemen whom you will oblige by accepting this invita- 
tion represent all shades of political opinion, they aro of hearty 

foi you. 

accord i 

l their estimate of your 

impartial fidelity as a 


and in their high person 

ll respect and esteem f 

" We i 

re, dear sir, with great regard, 


uly yours, 

"S. T. Wallis. 

William II. Perot. 

John W. Garrett. 

Henry C. Smith. 

Decatur 11. Miller. 

Christian Ax. 

Enoch Pratt. 

Daniel J. Foley. 

James Hodges. 

J. 1). Kremelberg. 

Washington Booth. 

S. P. Thompson. 

Iiohcrt A. Fisher. 

James A. Gary. 

John I. Middleton. 

John S. Gilinan. 

Israel M. Parr. 

Robert Garrett. 

Stephen Bonsai. 

Walter B. Brooks. 

C. W. Humrickhous 

e. Charles D. Fisher. 

Bichard D. Fisher. 

Charles A. Council 

James Carey Coalc. 

James E. Tate. 

Robert T. Baldwin. 

William Keyser. 

John E. Hurst. 

Louis Muller. 

William H. Graham 

F. C. Lai robe. 

R. W. Cator. 

H. M. Warfield. 

George B. Coale. 

Basil Wagner. 

John L. Thomas, Jr 

P. 11. MacGill. 

George P. Friek. 

S. E. Hoogewerff."' 

James Sloan, Jr. 
Although he has not been a candidate for public 
office, since the close of his last congressional term, 
Mr. Roberts has nevertheless been frequently called 
to occupy positions of prominence in connection with 
public and private enterprises. In June, 1 SSO, he 
was sent as a delegate to the National Convention at 
Cincinnati that nominated Gen. Hancock to the Presi- 
dency, and as a member of the Democratic State 
Convention of 1881, was appointed one of the com- 
mittee selected to draft, a new registration bill for the 
State, lie is one of the managers of the Maryland 
House of Correction, and in his own town and county 
occupies a prominent place in connection with projects 
devoted to the public welfare. He is a director of 
the Union National Bank of Westminster, as well as of 
the Westminster Gaslight Company, and of the Mu- 
tual Fire Insurance Company, and president of the 
recently-organized Westminster Water-Works Com- 
pany. In 1875 Mount St. Mary's College, of Emmitts- 
burg, Md., conferred upon him the degree of Doctor 
of Laws. His chosen profession has ever found in 
him an ardent devotee, and to its pursuit he gives 
his ■warmest efforts and most zealous ambition, en- 
couraged by the knowledge that his labor.-, find ample 
reward and bear abundant fruit. He was married 
Nov. 10, 18G3, to Annie E., daughter of Col. .loin, 
T. Mathias, of Maryland. At his home in West- 
minster he dispenses a genial hospitality that is widely 


1. >own and warmly esteemed among the many who 
hjvc fnnti time to time been privileged to share it. 

Politically, Mr. Roberts has always been a zealous 
hut conservative Democrat, and while he has steadily 
adhered to the regular organization of that party, he 
has exhibited on all occasions an independence and 
conscientiousness in the discharge of his duties, both 
u a member of the Democratic party and as a public 
official, which have secured him the highest confidence 
Mid respect of the best elements in both parties. He 
has frequently been mentioned in various quarters as 
the Democratic candidate for Governor. With ex- 
ceptional abilities as a lawyer Mr. Roberta combines 
•he qualities of a sound and practical judgment and 
remarkable business energy and tact, qualities which, 
together with his attractive personal characteristics, 
have secured him an enviable popularity throughout 
the State as well as in his own immediate community, 
where he is best known and most thoroughly appre- 
ciated. In fact, he is one of the most enterprising, 
progressive, and influential gentlemen in the State, not 
only as a public man of the best and most, honorable 
type, but also as a sound and well-read lawyer and 
a highly-successful and prosperous business man. 

The three attorneys who have been longest at, the 
bar of Carroll County are Judge Maulsby, C. W. 
Webster, Joseph M. Parke, the last having been 
register of wills from 1 869 to ] 873. 

The list given below includes all the attorneys who 
have been regular practitioners at the Carroll County 
oar, together with the names of eminent lawyers from 
other parts of the State who have been specially 
admitted for the trial of particular causes: 


| Sept. 5. 
| 1S19. 

April 7. 

Sept. 4. 

Deo. 3. 
| 1S50. 
| April 1. 

| April 7. 
Sept. 1. 

I 1855. 
i April 2. 

H. P. Bardwell. 

James Cooper. 

Daniel L. Hoover. 
Edmund L. Rogers. 
Wm. C. Sappington. 
Thomas Whelan, Jr 
(i. W. Nabb. 
It. G. McCreary. 

E. Holloway. 
B. G. Day. 

A. H. Ilobbs. 
Robert Lyon Rogers 
Wm. M. Merrick. 
John E. Smith. 

M. B. Luekett. 

James Huugcrford. 
Ephraim Carmack. 
Dennis II. Poole. 
John S. Tyson. 
Worthington Ross. 
Bradley T.Johnson. 
Frederick Nelson. 

Isaac E. Pearson. 
Thomas Donaldson. 
J. T. M. Wharton. 

Oscar Baugher. 
W. II. Dallam. 
M. P. Galligher. 
John Ritchie. 

Sept. 1. 

<;. Read. 


3. William P. Maulsby. 
3. James M. Shellman. 

3. Arthur F. Shriver. 
3. T. Parkin Scott. 
Samuel D. Lecorupte. 
" 7. Isaac Van Bibber. 

Madison Nelson. 
Edward Shriver. 
George Schley. 
Joseph Breck. 
H. J. Bowie. 
Sept. 6. Charles W. Webster. 
" 6. James M. Coale. 
" K. B. S. Forrest. 
" 6. Wm. Cost Johnson. 
Sept. 7. Joseph M. Parke. 

^Pt. V,-. H. G. Dorsey, 
John T. P. Dorsey. 

Sept. 2. 


April 7. 

July 1. 

April 7 

" 7. 

William N. Hayden. 
John II. lng. 
Nathaniel Williams. 
G. Eichelbergor. 

W. T. Palmer. 
John J. MeCuIlough. 
Elijah F. Crout. 

R. Willson, Jr. 
Wm. McSherry. 
James McSherry. 
Covington D. Barnitz. 
Wm. G. .Matthias. 
J. J. Baumgardncr. 
Michael G. Webster. 

Geo. K. Shellman. 
Joseph ('. Boyd. 
Will Motter. 

April 6. 

" S. 

Sept. 8, 

Sept. 4 

April 1. 

" 4. 

Sept. 4. 

Win. A. Fisher. 
John A. Lynch. 
E. O'Brien. 
W. Scott Roberts. 
James T. Smith. 

John T. Ensor. 
E. Louis Lowe. 
T. S. Alexander. 
S. Morris Cochran. 

Samuel E. Kuch. 
J. S. Yellott. 

C. C. Raymond. 
Wm. Schley. 
R. R. Boarman. 
W. P. Preston. 

C. H. Busby. 

David Wills. 

D. McConnaughy. 


April 5. 
Sept. 1. 

May 10. 
" 10. 

" 31. 
Nov. 14. 

" 28. 


Aug. 1. 
Oct. 28. 


June II 

W. C. Griffith. 
C. T. Reifsnider. 
Milton Whitney. 
Abner Neal. 
II. Winter Davis. 
A. Stirling, Jr. 
W. E. McLaughlir 
Peter W. Grain. 
Joseph Davis. 

Isaac E. Pearson, . 

James A. C. Bond. 
Wm. Price. 
James W. McElroy. 
R. B. Normcnt. 
B. F. M. Hurley. 
Wm. A. McKellip. 

Wm. Reynolds, Jr. 
W. W. Sullivan. 



I De 

Charles P.. Roberts 
Milton G. Urner. 

D. W. Zepp. 
F. C. Latrobe. 
D. H. Roberts. 
J. A. C. Bond. 
A. D. Schaeffer. 

Nov. 8. 

" 29. 

Dec. 11. 

Feb. II. 
May 17. 

" 17. 


R. G. Keene 
John W. Br 

" 31. 
Nov. 14. 

May 13. 
Aug. 12. 
Nov. 23. 

R. J. (iittings. 
Thus. R. Clcndinen. 
Win. Rowland. 

A. K. Syester. 

A. II. Norris. 
A. S. Diller. 
T. Sturgis Davis. 
W. IT. Cowan. 

W. .1 

s J. Chiltc 

May 12. Z. S. Claggett. 

" 24. Henry A. McAtee. 
Nov. 10. E. J. D. Cross. 

" 17. George Freaner. 

May 14. James Fenncr Lee. 

" 14. J. Q. A. Jones. 

" 18. T. H. Edwards. 

" IS. T. Q. Kennedy. 

" IS. Wm. T.Hamilton. 

" 18. H. E. Douglas. 
Aug. 13. .1. E. K. Wood. 

May 11. A. H. Robertson. 

" 25. Edward Stake. 


May 25. 

K. Chomfours. 



Charles E. Fink. 

July 15. 

L. 1,. Cunard. 


Benj. I. Cohen. 

" 20. 

J. J. Alexander. 



Wm. L. Seabrook. 

Aug. 9 

M. U. Settle. 


L. L. Billingslea. 

Nov. 17 

B. Frank Crouse. 



G. W. Pearce. 




Charles L. Wilson. 

May 31 

Truemon Smith. 


Frank h. Webb. 

June 1. W. Pcarrc. 




Aug. 15 

Thos. W. Brundige. 



John Sterrat. 

Nov. 15 

S. L. Stoekb-idgc. 



John MeClcan. 

Deo. 11 

W. M. Busey. 


William Walsh. 

" H 

W. A. Hammond. 



D. V. Blaekcilton. 




James E. Ellcgood. 

May 25 

William Grason. 



" 25. 

D. G. Mcintosh. 



W. J. Keeeh. 

" 30. 

0. F. Mack. 



John F. Courcp. 

June 2 

John S. Shillson. 


N. W. Watkins. 

Nov. 27. 

0. P. Macgill. 



Douglas B. Smith. 

Deo. 12. 

J. T. Mason. 



n. W. Crowl. 




C. P. Meredith. 

May 13. 

S. P. Miller. 



II. M. Clabangh. 

" 14. 

John K. Buchanan. 



George Whitelock. 

" 17. 

T. W. Hall. 



A. Hinton Boyd. 

" 20. 

W. C. N. Carr. 


Judo 17 

Frank X. Ward. 



John S. Donaldson. 

Aug. 13. 

Jas. A. DiflViiljmigli. 


Thus. K. Bradford. 

Nov. 12. 

George E. Cramer. 



Joseph C. Boyd. 

" 30. 

W. 11. Washington. 


John 11. Handy. 



Frederick E. Cook. 

May 12. 

John Berry. 

Literature and art are essentially tlie products of 
life in the country. The freedom of the woods and ' 
fields, the rippling streams, the hills and valleys, and 
the health-giving atmosphere uncontamhiated by the 
thousand impurities of large cities, seem necessary for 
the nurture and development of genius. Nature in j 
licr simplest and grandest forms there excites the im- j 
agination and fosters the creative faculty in man. 
However great may be the influence of culture and 
accumulated experience and example, only to be ob- j 
tained in great cities, the narrow ruts of life in a me- 
tropolis and the concentration of all the powers of 
body and mind iu one direction are unfavorable to the j 
production or early development of genius, and hence 
it is found that a very large proportion of the really i 
great poets, painters, and sculptors of the world have I 
beeu born in the country, and very many have passed j 
their early years there. Carroll County in this regard 
has been no exception to the rule. Artists and poets 
have been born within her borders whom the world 
will not willingly let die, some whose works have re- 
ceived the approval of distant lands and whose names 
are spoken with homage in all cultivated households. 
The aggregations of books and master-pieces in large 
cities and the splendid advantages which wealth has 
extended through the instrumentality of schools of 
design, conservatories, and colleges makes it of the 
first importance that the devotees of art and literature 

should seek the great, centres of civilization and avail 
themselves of the resources so lavishly supplied. 
True genius is never appalled by obstacles, and so it 
generally happens thai those who recognize its prompt- 
ings sooner or later work their way to the attainment 
of their wishes, and the city rather than the country 
is a gainer by their reputation. Few countries can 
present nature to the inspired student of art iu more 
beautiful or more varied aspects than are to be found 
in Carroll Couuty. Almost every phase of natural 
scenery is illustrated within her borders, from the land- 
scapes of simple pastoral beauty to the rugged and 
sublime outlines of the lofty peaks of the Blue Ridge, 
and some of these scenes have beeu faithfully reflected 
in the works of her sons, who have sought the distinc- 
tion elsewhere that they could not expect at home. 

Iu 1850 there was to be seen at the Chesapeake 
Bank a sculptured bust of Andrew Jackson, which 
bad been presented to Col. J. R. Gittings by the 
Messrs. F. M. & II. F. Baughman. It was the work 
of an apprentice to the Messrs. Baughman, named 
Reinhart. It was executed chiefly at night, after the 
hours of labor, and was the first effort of his chisel. 
"The excellence of the work gives promise of high 
attainment in this beautiful art, and. leads us to hope 
that Maryland may yet be able to give to the world 
some enduring memento of the age iu one of the 
must admirable departments of human genius." Such 
was the greetings of encouragement which the first 
woric of young Reiuhart received, and the contempo- 
raneous description of the first work of his chisel. 

William II. Reinhart was bom in Carroll County, 
Md., about the year 1S2G ; his father was a well-to-do 
farmer of German descent, living near Westminster, 
in that county, and characterized by thrift, persever- 
ance, and economy. All the children were actively 
employed about the farm, and received the rudiments 
of an English education at a school in Westminster. 
When a mere boy young Reinhart evinced very great 
interest in the working of the marble quarries that 
abounded in the neighborhood, and in this particular 
he found opportunity for the bent of his genius iu 
the quarry and stone-cutting yard on his father's farm. 
At the age of sixteen, with his father's consent, 
he came to Baltimore, and presented himself at the 
store of Andrew Gregg, ou Franklin Street, to whom 
his father was in the habit of consigning produce of 
his farm. He told Mr. Gregg that he desired to ap- 
prentice himself to some useful trade, and preferred 
that of marble-working, with which he already bad 
some familiarity. He was immediately taken to the 
marble-yard and stone-cutting establishment of Baugh- 
man & Bevan, and engaged as an apprentice by that- 


the General Post-office at. Washington ; En- 
i, now owned by J. W. Garrett ; Antigone, owned 
by Mr. Hall, of New York ; Hero, for A. J. Albert, 


Krm He proved himself to be a steady aud indus- 
,. .•;< youth, with a taste for reading and study which 
-nitified at night by regular attendance at the 

Maryland Institute and School of Design, where his j of Baltimore ; Leander, owned by Mr. Riggs, of Wash- 

. , irite studies were mythology, ancient history, anat- ington ; the Woman of Samaria, for W. T. Wallers, 

tmiT, architecture, and books on art aud artists. He j of Baltimore; the bronze monumental figure at the 

c- nlinued the improving studies for several years, and I tomb of Mrs. W. T. Walters, in Greenmount Ccnic- 

\, Fore his majority his chisel and proficiency obtained j tcry ; aud the " Sleeping Children," in marble, in the 

| ,r l.iiii the execution of all the fine work on mantles j lot of Hugh Sisson, as well as many other works 

of the establishment of the Messrs. Baughman. When in Mount Auburn Cemetery, Boston, Loudon Park 

■ ,1 li'.y-tlnee years of age he was made foreman of Cemetery, Baltimore, and many busts of citizens of 

ibe establishment and gave full satisfaction to his I Baltimore. 

employers. In 1855 he left Baltimore fur Italy to j William II. Reinhart died in Rome on Wednesday, 

prosecute the higher studies of his art with a full , Oct. 28, 1874, in the forty-eighth year of his age, 

Lnowledgc of practical marble-working. He prosecuted | having fully enabled his native State, Maryland, " to 

big studies with great diligence at Florence, where 
be went to reside, working with other young artists 
on trial for wages. He returned to Baltimore in 
IS.'i", bringing with him two beautiful lasso-relievos 
in panel of " Night and Morning," which were pur- 
chased by Augustus J. Albert. He returned to 

give to the world" not only " some," but many 
" enduring mementoes of the age in one of the most 
admirable departments of human genius." By his 
will he attested further his great love for art; after 
amply providing Cur relatives he directed that his 
executors, W. T. Walters and B. P. Newcomer, of 

according to their be.;t judgment, to the promotion of 
interest in and cultivation of taste fur ait, by the fol- 

lowing clause of 

"Third, Being dc 

highly cultivated ti; 

State, and of assisti 
sculpture wlio may d 
the present time no 


](:iiy iii 1S58, and made bis residence at Rome, j Baltimore, should apply the residue of his estate, 
where he remained, with the exception of short trips 
to Baltimore, until bis death in 1874. 

Probably the greatest event in the life of the young 
artist was the unveiling of the Taney statue at An- 
napolis, Dec. 10, 1872. This heroic statue of Chief 
Justice Roger B. Taue}" in bronze had been ordered 
\\ the Legislature of Maryland, and was erected iu' 
front of the State-House. On that occasion there 
were assembled in the Senate chamber the leading 
representatives of the State in politics, at the bar, in 
literature and art, to bear the addresses of S. Teackle 
Wallis and Governor William Pinkuey Whyte. Mr. 
Wallis alluded to the fact that the appropriation by 
the State bad not been sufficient compensation to the 
mist for such a work, and recognized the liberality 
and public spirit of the artist in accepting and exe- 
cuting the work notwithstanding. " The figure," Mr. 
Wallis said, " had been treated in the spirit of that 
t'oble and absolute simplicity which is the type of the 
highest order of greatness, and is therefore its grand- 
est, though its most difficult, expression iu art." In 
1S72 the statue of Clytie, which is Reinhart's master- 
piece in niaible, was exhibited in Baltimore, attracting 
the admiration of thousands of her people. It was 
purchased by John W. McCoy, and placed in the 

IVabody Gallery of Art as a gift to the citizens of J Willie T. Hoppe was the second son of Hannah 
Baltimore. Among the other works uf this artist are and the late Jacob B. Hoppe, of Carroll County. 
the bronze doors of the Capitol at Washington, begun His life in some important features resembled that of 
h Craw ford, and completed after four years of labor Chattertou, the boy-poet of England. At an age 
'} Reinhart; the statuettes on the clock of the House, j when most children realize their highest pleasure in 
ipresentatives, as well as the statue on the foun- ' a game of marbles or hide-and-seek, his mind was at 

stc for art among the people of my native 
ug young inoii in the study of the art of 
;lio may desire to make it a profession, but having at 
t time no definite plan in view for the accomplish- 
ment of llicse objects I give, devise, and bequeath all ihc rest 
and residue of my c tate, real, personal, and mixed, and where- 
soever situated, unto my two personal friends, William T. Wal- 
ters and Benjamin F. Newcomer, of the city of Baltimore, or 
the survivor of them, or the heirs, executor, or administrator 
of such survivor, in trust and confidence, with the injunction 
that the whole of said residue of my estate or the proceeds 
thereof shall be devoted and appropriated by them, according 
to their best judgment and discretion, to the promotion of the 
objects and purposes named above ; and if in the opinion of my 
said trustees this can be best accomplished by any concert of 
action with the trustees of the Peabody Institute, or by the es- 
tablishment of a professorship in connection with the Gallery 
of Art, which at some future time is to bo provided for by that 
corporation, or by the investment of any portion of the funds 
so held by them in trust, and aiding from the income derived 
investments deserving young men who are desirous 
g their studies abroad, but are without the means of 
ng so, they, iny said trustees, are at liberty to adopt any or 
or none of those methods, or to transfer the trust or the es- 
3 so held by them in trust to any corporation which in their 
gment would best serve the purpose indicated." 


from s 
of pur 

of P. 



work like the piston rod of ;i steam-engine, grinding 
out tales, editorials, and local histories in a ceaseless 
flow. His mental faculties and energy far outstripped 
liis weak and sickly body, and absolutely wore it out 
before be arrived at man's estate. His first essay in 
literature was as the editor and publisher of an ama- 
teur journal entitled The Boys Rights, which as- 
tounded the neighbors and friends of bis family by 
the extraordinary precocity exhibited in its contents. 
He subsequently conducted the Am/phion Journal 
and Cupid's Messenger, and. as president of the 
Amateur Press Association, still surprised his friends 
and the public not only by the marvelous maturity 
of his intellect, but by a display of executive ability 
which his years and experience did not appear to 
justify. In 1878 he entered the office of Charles 
Poe, of Baltimore, as a law-student, but it soon be- 
came painfully evident that while his mind was ripen- 
ing and brightening with study and training, his body 
was gradually wasting away before the inroads of 
some insidious malady, and he died July 24, 18S0, 
in the twentieth year of his age. In his literary 
efforts and on his papers he was frequently assisted 
by Miss Mary Shellman, a lady of rare literary at- 
tainments, whose historical contributions to the press 
have earned for her a merited reputation as a writer. 
Dr. Washington Chew Van Bibber was born in 
Frederick, now Carroll, Co., Md., July 24, 1821. 
His family settled in that section very early in the 
history of the State, and soon acquired influence and 
prominence. After a thorough course of study at 
a number of colleges, Dr. Van Bibber entered the 
office of Prof. Nathan R. Smith, of Baltimore, and 
matriculated at the University of Maryland, from 
whence he graduated in 1845. After some years 
spent iu the South, where be bad an opportunity to 
familiarize himself with the yellow fever in all its 
phases, — that dread pest of Southern cities, — he re- 
turned to Baltimore and began the practice of his 
profession. His practice rapidly increased, and with 
it bis reputation as a skillful and excellent physician, 
and to-day be is fully the equal of any of the galaxy 
of physicians who have made Baltimore famous as 
a centre of instruction in the healing art. As a 
writer, Dr. Van Bibber deserves especial mention. 
Few have recently added more to the literature of 
medicine. From 1S5G to 1859 he was associate edi- 
tor of the Virginia Medical Journal, and from 1850 
to 1 SGI he was associate editor of the Maryland and 
Virginia Medical Journal, and he has contributed a 
large number of papers to the various medical period- 
icals of the day, replete with interest and valuable 
scientific information. 

Thomas E. Van Bibber, a relative of Dr. Van 
Bibber, is a native of Carroll County, but is now a 
resident of California. He early developed a taste 
for literature, and many of his youthful efforts will 
compare favorably with those of more pretentious 
poets and authors. He is best known by his poem, 
" The Flight into Egypt," a work exhibiting consid- 
erable power, a beautiful fancy, and a true conception 
of the poet's vocation. It was very favorably received 
by American critics, and has stood the test of time 
remarkably well. His many miscellaneous prose ef- 
forts have added to his reputation as a cultured and 
popular writer. 

For many years the meetings of the " Addison 
Reunion Association" constituted a delightful feature 
of society in Westminster. The organization was 
literary in character, and a number of the most 
cultivated and influential citizens were members and 
contributors. The intention was to combine social 
with literary recreation, and for a longer time than 
usually occurs to such associations the effort was suc- 
cessful. The papers read before it took a wide range, 
embracing poetry, history, art, science, and the various 
branches of polite literature. In 1871, Dr. Charles 
Billingslea compiled " The Addison Reunion Papers," 
a neat volume of three hundred pages, containing the 
choicest, of the papers delivered before the society 
during its existence, and embracing selections from 
the writings of Emma Alice Browne, the poetess, and 
authoress of " Ariadne, ' Rev. Josiab Varden, Rev. 
James T. Ward, D.D., Mrs. Albert Billingslea, Rev. 
David Wilson, D.D., Dr. Charles Billingslea, Isaac 
E. Pearson, Mrs. Carrie Brockett Anderson, Miss 
Ada Billingslea, and Thomas E. Van Bibber. The 
" Addison Reuniou Association" gave its closing en- 
tertainment June 9, 1871, at the " Montour House," 
a noted hostelry, which derived its name from the. 
famous Indian chief of thai name who flourished in 
colonial times. 

The religious denominations of Carroll County 
recognizing the paramount value of religious instruc- 
tion through the instrumentality of Sabbath-schools, 
and anxious to extend their influence and usefulness, 
consulted together as to the best method of accom- 
plishing this desirable result. Their deliberations 
culminated in 1867 in a county Sabbath-school asso- 
ciation, to be composed of delegates from all the Prot- 
estant denominations in the county. The second 
annual convention of the society was held in the 
Lutheran church at Westminster, Sept. 8, 1SG3. 
Rev. J. T. Ward, of the Methodist Protestant Church, 
was called to the chair,' and II. B. Grammer appointed 
secretary. The districts were called, and the follow- 


iojr delegates enrolled: Finksburg, Jolm II. Chew, 
p. Ebaugh, A. Geisley, R. A. Smith, Wm. Cruise, 
Rev. W. T. Dunn; Hampstead, S. Ruby, Joseph 
Lippy i New Windsor, Clinton Hauna, Win. A. 
Not lis, Isaac C. Baile, Rev. Mr. Scarborough; Man- 
chester, Rev. R. Weiser, Jacob Campbell, Edmund 
Gonder, D. Frankforter, Jos. Shearer, H. B. Lippy, 
)>.;\V. Danncr, J. T. Myers, Misses F. Crumrine, S. 
Trump, Ellen Trump, V. C. Weizer, Lizzie Earlc ; 
Myers, Jacob Wolfe, T. T. Tag-, J. Bankard ; Mid- 
dleburg, Thos. Newman, Wm. H. Boust, John W. 
Angell, Jacob Koons, A. E. Null, Albert Koous, 
John Feezer, Eli Halm; Taneytown, Peter Mark, 
G. Stover, J. T. Clay ; Uniontown, Revs. P. A. 
Strobel, J. T. Ward, j. T. Hedges, Van Meter, E. 
II. Smith, J. Monroe, W. C. Creamer, II. B. Gram- 
mer, Wm. II. Cunningham, G. W. Cecil, F. fferr, 
M. Baughman, H. L. Norris, E. Koons, R. Gorsucb, 
Josh Sellman, N. Pennington, J. N. Williams, Mrs. 
M. A. Wagner, Mrs. M. Cunningham, Misses Sau- 
ford; Sue Cassell, Annie Ocker. The committee 
appointed to select permanent officers reported the 
following nominations, which were, unanimously con- 
firmed : 

President, Hon. John E. Smith ; Vice-Presidents, 

J. W. Angell, David H. Webster, Debough, 

Jacob Campbell, Alfred Zollicoffer, A. McKinncy, 
C. D. Frieze, Joseph Ebaugh ; Secretaries, IT. B. 
Graiumer and Wm. A. Baker. 

The convention continued their interesting exer- 
cises until Thursday, June 10th, when they adjourned 
until their annual meeting in 18G9. 

The German Baptists sought the region embraced 
in Carroll County very soon after its settlement by 
white people, conceiving it to be a favorable field for 
their ministrations. Congregations have been estab- 
lished at Pipe Creek, Meadow Branch, Sam's Creek, 
New Windsor, Union Bridge, and Westminster. 
They are all under the charge of an ordained elder, 
who has five or six assistants. Philip Englar was the 
first elder in charge of whom there is any record, and 
served in this position from 1780 to 1810, when he 
was succeeded by David Englar, who had been his 
assistant for some years. The latter served from 1810 
to 1833, and was followed by Philip Boyle, who occu- 
pied the position for thirty-five years, having been 
assisted by Michael Petry, Jesse Royer, Jesse Roop, 
David Miller, Howard Hillery, Hanson Senseny, and 
Solomon Stoner. Rev. Mr. Boyle was succeeded by 
Hanson Seuscny as ordained elder. He served in 
that capacity until 1880, and was assisted by Solomon 
Stoner, E. W. Stoner, William Franklin, Amos Caylor, 
Joel Roop, aud Uriah Bixley. The denomination in 



the county numbers between four and five 

Pipe Creek congregation, the mother of all the 
! other German Baptist organizations in the county, and 
| one of the oldest in Western Maryland, was established 
! prior to the year 1780, and worshiped iu a log build- 
ing which stood at Pipe Creek. In 180(1 their present 
church edifice was erected, since when it has been 
I used constantly by the congregation. The church was 
! repaired in 1S60, having been enlarged and remodeled. 
It is now a plain brick structure, thirty-five by seventy- 
one feet, with a seating capacity for six huudrcd per- 
sons. The congregation numbers about one hundred 
members, who are very active in the interests of their 

Meadow Branch church is situated about two miles 
from Westminster, on the plank road, and was erected 
in 1850. It is a stone structure, and was originally 
built thirty-five by fifty-five feet in dimensions, but 
was recently enlarged to the size of thirty-five by 
eighty feet. The congregation numbers about ninety 

Sam's Creek German Baptist church was erected in 
I860. It is situated on the old Liberty road, about 
two miles from Naill's Mill, up Sam's Creek, in 
New Windsor District. It is a frame building, verj' 
neat in appearance, about thirty by forty feet in size, 
and capable of holding one hundred and fifty people 
About fifty members worship here. 

New Windsor church was built and the congrega- 
j tion formed about the year 1S73. It is a fine brick 
building, erected at a cost of sixteen hundred dollars, 
aud is conveniently located on Chinch Street, iu the 
town of New Windsor. The building iu size is thirty 
by forty feet. About fifty members constitute the 
congregation at the present time, which is steadily 

Union Bridge church, a beautiful little edifice, was 
erected in the town of Union Bridge in 1877. It is a 
brick building, situated on Broadway Street, thirty by 
forty-five feet in size, and cost eighteen hundred dol- 
lars. The seats are so arranged as to comfortably scat 
about four hundred persons. Fifty members comprise 
the congregation. 

Westminster church was purchased by the German 
j Baptist denomination from the Baptist Church iu 
1879, at a cost of two thousand two hundred dollars. 
It has been several times attempted to divide the 
i church in this county into three congregations or 
j charges, viz.: Pipe Creek, to be composed of Pipe 
| Creek and Union Bridge ; Meadow Branch, to em- 
brace Meadow Branch Church and Westminster; and 
I Sam's Creek, composed of Sam's Creek and New 


Windsor. Although the efforts have thus fur proved Jacob Roop, bom Sept. 4, 1785, died Jan. 19, 1SC0; Sarah, 

I bis wife, died June 20, I860, agcil 79 years, 2 months, 22 days. 

. unsuccessful, doubtless this division will occur sooner 
or later. 

A short, distance from the German Baptist church 
at Pipe Creek, and one and a quarter miles from 
Uniontown, is the large German Baptist Cemetery, 
the first grave in which was dug in the year 1825. 
Among the names of those buried arc the following: 

Catharine Garber, died Dec. 30, 1SJT, aged 73 years, 10 
months, 5 days. 

Lydia A. Garber, died May 4, 1861, aged 38 years, 10 months, 
10 days. 

Johannes Garber, born April 4, 1760, died Oct. 4, 1S39. 

Christian Roop, Jr., died Aug. 14, 1S25, aged 20 years, 9 
months, 13 days. 

Esther Roop, born Feb. 11, 1776, died July 2, I860. 

Christian Roop, born Nov. 4, 1701, in Lancaster County, Pa. 
He removed in 178J to the precinct in which he died, March 
18, 1S55. 

Abraham Roop, died Sept. 1 i, 1871, aged 14 years, 7 months, 
12 days; Lydia, his wife, died Oct. 6, 1S5S, aged 5G years, G 
months, 10 days. 

Isaac Slingluff, born Aug. 5, 1S07, died April 30* 1S52. 

Elizabeth Font?., died July 1, I860, aged 67 years, 11 months, 
12 days. 

John Stoner, born Feb. 21, 1796, died March 11, 1874. 

Mary Stoner, died May 19, 1S53, aged 67 years, 11 months, 
1 day. 

Sarah, wife of John Stoner, died June 6, 1S35, aged 38. 

Betsey, wife of William Warner, died Nov. 15, 1830, aged 5S. 

Ann, wife of Olho Warner, died Oel. 1, 1S36, aged 42 years, 
6 months, 22 days. 

.Joseph Roop, Sr., died May 3, 1S29, aged 69 years, 9 months, 

6 days; Mary Roop, his wife, born Feb. 15, 1707, died July 
25, 1S53. 

Margaret Snader, born Aug. 7, 1794, died Aug. 27, 1S77. 

Mary Snader, died Feb. 4, 1835, aged 65. 

Jacob Snader, died Dee. 2, IS 17, aged 85 years, 3 months, 13 

Michael Garber, died Jan. 4, 1847, aged 53 years, 7 days. 

Betty Garber, born Feb. 5, 177S, died March 2, 1S57. 

.Samuel Bare, born March 29, 1793, died Jan. 22, 1845. 

Jacob Rhodes, died July 26, 1S46, aged 77 years, 7 months, 
9 days. 

Sarah Rhodes, born Oct. 15, 1763, died Jan. 8, 1854. 

Lydia Dare, died Aug. 1(1, LS58, aged 59 years, 11 months, 
--^13 days. 

Daniel Harman, born Jan. 1, 1821, died Aug. 20, 1S62. 

William Plainc, died May 1, 1847, aged 65 years, 8 months, 

7 days; and Margaret, bis wife, Jan. 16, 1S49, aged 65 years, 4 
months, 20 days. 

Daniel Plaine, born Juno 19, 17S3, died July 2, 1S72; and 
Peuelope, his wife, Aug. 24, 1S53, aged 76 years, 4 months, 17 

Catharine Wantz, died Aug. 14, 1SCG, aged 51 years, 6 
months, 20 days. 

Philip Boyle, died Aug. 15, 1872, aged 65 years, 6 months, 4 
days; Rachel, his wife, and daughter of Jacob and C. Zim- 
merman, died Sept. 15, 1859, aged 74 years 10 days. 

William II. Shrincr, died Feb. 14, 1S56, aged 32 years, 3 
months, 16 days. 

John P. Shrincr, died April 18, 1849, aged 32 years, 7 
months, 3 days. 

Eli/a, wife of Joseph Stouffer, died June 20, 1S55, aged 48.' 

j Jacob Shrincr, died Dec. 2S, 1866, aged 76 yens, If. days; 
| Elizabeth, his wife, died Feb. 1, I SSI, aged S5 years, 4 months, 
11 days. 

Isaac W. shrincr, b..m Dec. 13, ISIS, died Dee. 3, 1872; 
Rachel Ann, his wife, died Aug. 2, 1S75, aged 55 years, 11 
months, 23 days. 

Benjamin Bond, died Sept. 12, 1S63, aged 72. 

Matilda Bond, died Deo. 17, I860, aged 5S years, 11 months. 

Joseph Englar, died July 4, 1372, aged 72 years, 4 months; 
Susannah, his wife, died May 20, 1861, aged 59 years, 3 months, 
10 days. 

Elizabeth, consort of John Englar, died. Feb. 2, 1875, ag.d 
54 years, 2 months, 6 days. 

Tobias Cover, died March 26, 1865, aged 05; Elizabeth, his 
wife, died Feb. 14, 1S69, aged 69. 

David Gilbert, bom Nov. 22, 179S. died Sept. 5, 1S66. 

William Ecbcr, born Aug. 10, 1809, died Oct. 7, 1S65 : Mary 
A., his wife, born Sept. 6, 1813, died Oct. 2, 1869. 

Mary A., wife of William Bloxsten, bom Nov. 11, 1S04, died 
Sept. 5. 1S79. 

William Bloxsten, bom Sept. 2 1802, died March 11, 1876. 

Henry Riael, died Dec. 4, 1807, aged S5 ; Mary, his wife, 
died July 10, I860, aged 75. 

Eliza A., wife of Thomas A. Franklin, boru April 15. JS12, 
died April 3, 1S76. 

Ezra Stoner. bom July 19, 1S30, died Juno 4, 18G7. 

Elizabeth, wife of William Gilbert, died March 22, 1S70, aged 
49 years, 7 months, 1 day. 

Josiab Englar, died Oct. 25, 1S7S, aged 69 years, 7 months, 1 

Elizabeth, wife of Daniel ?. Diebl, died Aug. 6, 1879, aged 40 
years, 1 months, 6 days. 

Lncretia, wife of Levi N. Snader, died June 13, 1876, aged 
49 years, 1 month, 10 days. 

Nathan Crut, .backer, born Aug. 27, 1811, died Aug. 31,1880. 

David CrurobacUer, born Aug. 12, 1S0S, died Feb. 5, 1SS1. 

Ezra O. Englar, born Aug. 10, 1st.:., died Oct. 31, 1879. 

llob-rt M. Jenkins, born May 12. 1811, died April 19, 1S79. 

William Segafoose, died Aug. 29, 1870, aged 69 years, 9 
months, 22 days. 

David Engcl, of D., born Jan. 13, 1784, March 31, 1854. 

David Engcl, born Oct. 23, 1751, die! July, 1S02; Elizabeth 
Engel, his wife, died Oct. 2, 1841, aged 90 years, 10 months, 2 

Elizabeth, wife of Jacob Stem, died Sept. 19, 1836, aged 32 
years, 2. days. 

Hannah Ecker, died May 13, 1802, aged 71 years, 1 month, 

Elizabeth, daughter of P. and H. Myers, died Dec. 10, 1815, 
aged 20 years, 11 months, 23 days. 

Daniel Engel, died Jan. 16, 1S74, aged 76 years; Thiriza A., 
his wife, died July 14, 1S78, aged 64 years, 8 months, 22 days. 

Eleanor M., wife of George Ebb, born Oct. 28, 1S20, died Jan. 
6, 1873. 

Anna M., consort of Daniel Engel, died March 12, 1869, 
aged 53 years, 4 months, 27 days. 

William Hoffman, die! March 7, 1838, aged 60 years. 

Petor Engel, died April 5. 1S33, aged 63 years, 5 months, 17 
days; Hannah, his wile, died Feb. S, 1SG7, aged S4 years, 10 

tonths, 25 days. 

John Engel, hi 
is wife, died Ma 

Jacob Smith, d 

Sept. 13. 15 

j, died Junc21,lS70; Nancy, 
71 years, 8 mouths, 18 days. 
9, aged S7 years, 5 months, 2 



Jaeob Highmillcr, of Company F, Seventh Regiment 
|„ | Volunteer Infantry, born Jan. li, 1S39, "dieJ in t 
, , v «r his country," Jan. 30, 1864. 

Havel Ligbtncr, died Sept. 14, 1867, aged 67 years, 10 i 

Hoop, born July 24, 1810, died Oct. 3, 1877. 
wife of Daniel Petry, died June 10, 1805, aged 03 year 

! month. 
Jacob Erb, died April 1, 1802, aged 05 years, 3 months, 13 days 
\ ithan W. Stem, died Dec. 29, 1802. aged 40 years, 4 months 

6 days; Eliza, his wife, died Dec. IS, 1854, aged 38. 
John Roop, died March 14, 1872, aged 76 years, 5 months, ! 

I pton Stoner, born March 24,17 

Joseph Myeis, born July 7, 1S01 

U-th, his wife, born Feb. 14, ISO], I 

Mary Roop, died Nov. !0, 1S47, 

May 30, 1S7G. 
pril 8, 1SS0; EI 
v. 1, 1S64. 

Conrad Englar, born Oet. 13, 1S04, died Sept. 3, 1842.' 
Margaret Brown, born Sept. 1, 1800, died May 2, 1802. 
.Mary Englar, died Jan. ]', 1851, aged M'years, 8 months, 22 

Abraham Englar, died March 13, 1879, aged 07 years, 7 
lontbs, 12 days. 
Jacob Dichl, died Dec. 28, 1S4S, aged 49 years, 6 months, 5 

Rachel Warner, died Dec. 11, 1S53, aged 47 years, 8 months, 


ing, died May 25, 1837, aged 4S yc 



!4 days. 

Alfred P. Mcring, born Deo. 6, 1835, died Feb. 21, 1879. 

Lewis G. Lindsay, died Nov. 9, 1S79, aged 65 years, 7 months 
25 days. 

Deborah Weaver, died Dec. 25, 1S71, aged 70 years, 9 months 
22 days. 

ied Dec. 13, 1S7S, aged 83 years, 26< 
rn Sept. 10, 1779, died Oet. 14, IPSO. 
1753, died 1823. 

John K. Wei 

Joseph Weal 

John Weavei 

Susannah Weaver, born 1753, died 1833. 

Samuel Weaver, bom May 25, 1780, died May 21, 1803. 

Elizabeth Weaver, born Oct. 14, 1803, died June 15, 1850. 

Philip Weaver, died Jan. 10, 1S73, aged 74. 

Ann Weaver, born June 24, 1S27, died Aug. 23, 1837. 

Susie Weaver, born Oct. 10, 1S44, died July 19, 1800. 

MeKendrie Weaver, died May 29, 1870, aged 22 years, 10 

Jesse Weaver, died Julv 24, 1878, aged 4S years, 11 months, 
7 days. 

Frederick Englar, born May 10, £811, died Nov. 17, 1S7S. 

Ann, consort of M. Smith, died Feb. 21, 1S49, aged 37 years, 
7 months, 10 days. 

Catharine, wife of Jacob Zimmerman, died May 30, 1827, 
aged 63 years, 5 months, 19 days. 

Jacob Zimmerman, died Sept. 30, 1S34, aged 28 years, 4 
months, 5 daj s. 

David Johnson, born Oct. 19, 1S00, died April 20, 1879; Su- 
•anun, his wife, died Jan. 21,' 1861, aged 64 years, 9 months, 

Anna, wife of William Zimmerman, and only daughter of Wil- 
liam and Anon Shirk, born Nov. 17, 1834, died Nov. 17, 1809. 

Catharine Martin, died Nov. 5, 1804, aged 91. 

Jul n Hess, died Oet. 5, 1801, aged 70; Mary, his wile, died 
April 24, 1S05, aged 67 years, S months, 25 days. 

Jacob Bower, born Nov. 19, 1701, died April 11, 1S25. 

Margaret Dower, died March 25, 1835, aged 59 years, 4 
months, 14 days. 

Catharine, wife of J. P. Haines, arid daughter of Christopher 
and S. Johnson, died Jan. 30, 187), aged 77 years, 4 months, 
20 days. 

Jacob Switzer, died June 20, 1854, aged 84 years, 3 months, 
13 days; Susanna, his first vile, died Nov. 25, 1827, aged 52 
years, months, 19 days ; Elizabeth, his second wife, died Jan. 
1, 1805, aged 70 years, 4 months, 19 days. 

Samuel Switzer, died March 1. 1829,aged 27 years, 7 months, 

24 days. 

Esther, wife of Jos. Dower, died Oet. 31, 1834, aged 40 years, 
3 months, 28 days. 

Barbara, wife of John Hess, died Feb. 11, 1829, aged 46 years, 
1 month, 20 days. 

George Urner, died Oct. 7, 1830, aged 25 years, 8 months, 19 

Margaret. Walter, born Dee. 29, 1780, died Oct. 4, 1870, aged 
95 years, 5 months, 9 days. 

Elizabeth Urner, died Oct. S, 1828, aged 28 years, 9 months, 
15 days. 

Jonathan Plaine, died April 27. 1835, aged IS years, 
months, 2R days; Lydia, bis wife, died Oet. 3, 1S00, aged 85 
years, 1 month, 14 days. 

George Harris, Si., died April 14, 1833, aged 40 years, 5- 
months, 17 days. 

Margaret Harris, died July 24, 1870, aged 78. 

Samuel Plaine, born Dee. 10, 1778. died Oet. 5, 1805. 

Catharine, wife of David Plaine, died 26th of 9th mo., 1826, 
aged 70. 

Elizabeth Nusbaum, died April !7, 1851, aged 85 years, 8 

John Nusbaum, died Aug. 8, 1825, aged 70. 

Isaac Hiltabidle, died Sept. 4, 1827, aged 27 years, 3 months, 
12 days; Mary Ann, his wife, died Sept. 19, 1845, aged 44 
years, 10 days. 

Joseph Englar, died Feb. 2::. 1845, aged 01 years, 8 months, 

25 days; Esther, his wife, died June 27, 1807, aged S2 years, 
y months, 9 days. 

David Englar, died Aug. 9, 1839, aged 06 years, 6 months; 
Elizabeth, his wife, died Nov. 12, lS49,aged 72yoars,4 months, 
22 days. 

Deborah, wife of Henry Cover, died Feb. 2, 1S5S, aged .4 
years, 9 months, 25 days. 

Henry Cover, died Nov. 20, 1857, aged 70 years, 4 months, 

20 < 

Deborah, wife of Joseph McKinstry, died Dec. 14, 1845, aged 
32 years, IS days. 

Elizabeth Stoner, died Oct. 24, 1851, aged 85 years, 11 days. 

Margaret. Stoner, died April 19, 1849, aged 17 years, 2 months, 
17 days. 

Margaret Crumback, died Aug. 14, 1S44, aged 67. 

Hannah Nicodemus, died Aug. 10, 1S52, aged 48 years, 3 
months, 20 days. 

Philip Englar, born May 13, 1778, died Dec. 19, 1S52. 

Hannah Englar, born Nov. 22, 1799, died Jan. 20, 1873. 

John Stoner, died Sept. 2, 1852, aged 64 years, 1 month, 10 

Samuel Boightel, died Dec. 13, 1846, aged 43 years, 11 months, 
8 days. 

Ephraini Englar. bom June 4. 1SO0, died Nov. 8, 1857; Ag- 
nes, his relict, and wife of Jos. StoufTer, died Jan. 19, 1S03, aged 
52 years. 9 months, 14 days. 

Samuel Johnson, bom June 15, 1804, died March 13, 1S09. 

Jacob Plowman, born Feb. 4, 1S10, died Feb. 7, 1870. 

RufusK. Cowers, born Feb. 1, 1S30, died April 30, 1875. 

Samuel Hoffman, died June 19, 1874, aged 53 years, 9 months, 
13 days. 


Daniel Ogle, born Aug. 16, 18U5, 'lied Doc. 8, 1865. 

Philip Snader, bom Jan. 2, 1802, died Feb. 4, 1864, aged 

ih. 2 


David W. Snader, died April 4, 1877, aged 47 years, 4 mouths, 

10 days; Sophia, his wife, died April 7, 1S75, aged 42 years, 

3 months, 14 days. 

Abraham Wolfe, born Dec. 21, 1782, died Oct. 22, 1803; 
Sarah, his wife, born Oct. 24, 1786, died July 11, 1880. 

Israel Rinebnrt, born June 20, 1792, died Nov. 21, 1871; 
Mary, his wife, died Dec. 15, 1805, aged 6S years, 1 month, 20 

John M. Wolfe, died March 15, 1870, aged 54. 

Mary A., wife of Hiram Davis, died Oct." , 1S7S, aged 58 
years, 7 months, 5 days. 

Joseph Foutz, born Oct. 5, 1793, died Jan. IS, 187S; Mar- 
garet, Lis wife, born July 10, 1801, died May 26, 1S09. 

Mary A., wife of Richard B. Foutz, died Sept. S, 1857, aged 

Maria Nail], wife of Jacob Snader, born Sept. 20, 1800, died 
Dee. 21, 1875. 

Martha A., wife of J. T. Dcvilbiss, died Jan. 20, 1875, aged 
34 years, 9 mouths, 19 days. 

• Eve E., wife of Jacob Souble, died Aug. 4, 1S77, aged 70 
years, 25 days. 

Louisa, wife of Asa Zent, died Aug. 21, 1877, aged 77 years, 
2 months, 21 days. 

Hannah Litlie, bom May 20, 1S04, died Oct. 10, 1877. 

Jacob Hannan, Jied Aug. 13, 1871, aged 70 years, 2 months, 
18 days; Mary, his wife, died June 28, 1S75, aged 80 years, 

11 months, 19 days. 

Hannah, wife of John Warehime, born April 11, 1801, died 
March 2, 1873. 

Pete. Ulz, bom Sept. 4, 1700, die! July 27, 1878. 

Jacob Rider, died May 31, 1871, aged 5S years, months, 5 

• George Hess, died Dec. 20, 1S63, aged SO years, 5 days. 
Susanna Hess, died Feb. 24, 1870, aged S8 years, 5 days. 
George Kelly, born Dec. 21, 1834, died Sept. 24, 1874 ; Surah, 

his wife, died April 24, 186S, aged 37 years, 1 month, 1 day. 

John Banker, bom Feb. 4, 1790, died Aug. 23, 1870. 

Catharine Banker, born Dec. S, 1793, died Feb. 20, 1S73. 

Mary, wife of S. Hamilton Suouser, born Jan. 30, 1828, died 
Doc. 4, 1869. 

David S. Golly, died Dec. 27, 1863, aged 50 years, 7 months, 

4 days. 

Eliza Golly, died Aug. 0, 1S7S, aged 67 years, 6 months, 2S 

Samuel Bower, died January, lS67,agcd 00 years, 5 months, 
13 days; Nancy Ann, his wife, died April 22, 1S6G, aged 54 
years, 6 months, S days. 

Ephraim Powell, died March 2, 1S72, aged 52. 

Peter M. Calwith, died June 10, 1800, aged 74 years, 5 

Rachel Calwith, died Feb. 26, 1860, aged 35 years, 5 months, 
6 days. 

Washington Wilson, born Jau. 12, 1815, died J; 

John M. Romspcrt, born May 7, 1S3S, and "was instan 
killed while on duty by the explosion of No. 4 engine on 
M. P.. K.,"Oct. 24, 1870. 

Ulrick Messier, born June 30, 1811, died March 9, 1870. 

Martha Messier, died Dec. 27, 1808, aged 40. 

Julia Ann Shriier, died Oct. 29, 1861, aged 4S years. 
months, IS days. 

Martin Billmeycr, born March 23, 1779, died Sept. 3, 185 

Salome, relict of Jaeob You, born Dec. 10, 1769, died N 
22, 1855. 

7, 1856. 

Hannah Yon, born April 3, 1793, died Oct. 11, 1S0S. 

Samuel Meyers, died Sept. 11, 1856, aged 35ycars, .'• months, 
7 days; Eliza C, his wife, died Dec. 30, 1S75, aged 08 yean, 
6 months, 3 days. 

Stephen Bower, died March 12, 1850, aged 76 years, 7 

Mary Power, died Feb. ;>, 1S55, aged 71 years, 10 months. 

John Rheam, died June 25, 1S53, aged 07 years, 6 months, 
18 days. 

Elizabeth Rheam, died Jan. 12, 1871, aged 81 years, 8 months. 

Eliza, consort of Abraham Myers, born Dec. 12, 1801, died 
Nov. 21, 1855. 

Anna Myers, died March 0, 1847, aged 78 years, 6 months, 


Jacob Myers, died April 25, 1S76, aged 09 years, 8 months, 
15 days; Lydia, his wife, died Sept. 5, 1866, aged 49 years, 

1 mouth, 13 days. 

John Englar, born March II, 1812, died July 29, 1800. 

Daniel Englar, died June 12, 1S40, aged 63. 

Mary A. Englar, died Oct. 6, 1807, aged 50 years, 4 months, 
27 days. 

David Englar, died Jan. 21, 1841, aged 04 year.-, months. 

Ann Singer, born July 31, 1811, died Oct, 2S, 1870; Jacob, 
her husband, born April 9, 1813, died Feb. 2), 1877. 

Magdalcna Sherbig, died July 23, 1S25, aged 87 years, 10 

Jacob Cowell, died March 23, 1841, aged SI years, 5 month-, 
27 days. 

Elizabeth Cowell, died Oct. 17, 1849, age! 74 years, 2 months, 


1841, agel 84 yi 

G. M. Jordan, c 
27 days. 

Anna M. Jordan, born March 19, 1758, died July 17, 182.";. 

Abraham Caylor, died May 25, 1857, aged 64 years, b 
mouths; Anna, his wife, died March 24, 184), aged 46 years, 
9 months, 5 days. 

Dorothy Wildermote, born Jan. 10, 17S0, died Sept. 9, 1823. 

"M. R.,"died 1827. 

Henry Fulkerth, died July 2, 184*. aged S4. 

Margaret Fulkerth, died Dec. 21, 1S37, aged 69 years, 6 

27, 1840,agcd 60 years, 1 month ; 
20, 1839, aged 53 years, 9 months, 

Ebenezcr Carlylc, died Jul; 
Margaret, his wife, died Apri 
18 days. 

Anna Carlyle, died Aug. 1, 18S0, aged OS years, 3 mouths, 

23 days. 

Rachel O'Brien, died Dec. 25, 1S70, aged 70. 

Sarah Boman, died July 7, 1857, aged 71. 

Jacob Zimmerman, born Dec. 30, 17S7, died Feb. 5, 1859. 

Peter Little, died Dec. II, 1839, aged 37 years, 3 months, 15 

Sophia Little, died March II, 1S52, aged 50. 

John Moore, died Aug. 1, 1SG0, aged SO years, 5 months, 19 

Rachel Smith, died July 28, 1S40, aged 52 years, I month, 

24 days. 

Barbara Keim, horn Sept. 15, 17S6, died Aug. 30, 1852, 

Jacob Keimc, died March 10, 1849, age,! SO. 

Priscilla, wife of William .<toner, died March 25, 1S04, aged 
38 years, 4 months, 10 days. 

Henry Row, born Dee. 10, 1812, died Dec. 10, 1871. 

George Row, died May 5, 1857, aged S4 years, 7 month., 10 
days: Margaret, his wife, bom Aug. 1, 1703, die I Feb. 1 1, 1870. 

Carroll County was not altogether free from the 
vicissitudes which characterized the war between the 



• nd the South. At the beginning of the uu- 
j . ans te struggle there was the same diversity of 
ijnient which existed iu the otlier counties of I 
upland, but those who favored the South were far ; 
- dot in numbers to the supporters of the Union. j 
■ -. ...nncr uien volunteered freely in defense of their j 
.; ins, and it is estimated that the Federal army 
«.. supplied with eight hundred recruits from this j 
lion, while two hundred enthusiastic young men of ! 
SuUthern sympathies made their way through the 
lines into the camps of the Southern army. 
;• ci ntingents of Carroll in both armies fully main- t 
wined the character of her people for gallantry and , 
tme manhood. In June, 1863, the soil of Carroll 
■hoed the tread of large bodies of armed men from 
both armies. A portion of the cavalry force belong- ! 
i _• to the army of Northern Virginia passed through ■ 
Westminster on its way to Gettysburg, and encoun- ! 
tercd a battalion of cavalry, which it dispersed or cap 
tared after a slight .skirmish. The troops rested in 
the city during the night and proceeded on their way 
with the dawu. They had scarcely emerged from the 
city when the Sixth Corps of the Army of the Poto- I 
mac entered from the opposite side. Much excite- j 
Went prevailed among the citizens, who had seen but j 
little of either army, but their fears were groundless, , 
its both detachments behaved with exemplary courtesy j 
and evidenced thorough discipline. For some days 
the transportation wagons of the Union army were i 
parked around the town and the streets presented an I 
animated appearance, but they were moved to the j 
front prior to the battle of Gettysburg. The booming 
of the cannon on that fatal field was heard with con- i 
fiicting emotions by the friends of tho combatants, and i 
ss the echoes died away the town relapsed into its i 
wonted quiet. It was roused again in the succeeding 
year for a brief period by a raid of the Confederate 
forces under Gen. Bradley T. Johnson and Maj. Harry | 
Gilnior, but as they had learned by experience that j 
the presence of troops was not su h a serious infliction j 
«s their fears had painted, the shoi • visit of the Con- j 
federates was made rather an occasiou of rejoicing 
than sorrow. 

The ex-Federal soldiers from Carroll County met 
in Westminster, March 13, 1880, and formed a post I 
of the Grand Army of the Republic, to be known as j 
Burns' Post, after W. II. Rums, of the Sixth Mary- 
land Regiment, Col. William A. McKellip was 
fleeted Commander, Capt. A. Billingslea, Senioi Vice- ! 
Commander-; Capt. Charles Kuhns, Juuior Vice-Coin- j 
mander; Dr. William H. Rippard, Surgeon ; Lee 
McElroy, Quartermaster; Sylvester Mathias, Adjutant; 
"I'd John Matthews, Chaplain. The officers were in- '■ 

stalled March 'J.lth by department commander Gen. 
William Ross and staff, of Baltimore. 

The Carroll County Agricultural Society was incor- 
porated March 8, 1869, by John E. Smith, Jeremiah 
Rineliart, William A. McKellip. Richard Manning, 
David Fowble, Hashabiah Haines, George W. Mat- 
thews, and John L. Reifsnider. The object of the 
association was "to improve agriculture by attracting 
the attention, eliciting the views, and combining the 
efforts of the individuals composing the agricultural 
community of Carroll County, and aiming at the de- 
velopment of the resources of (lie soil so as to pro- 
mote the prosperity of all concerned in its culture." 
Grounds containing thirty acres of land were pur- 
chased on the Baltimore turnpike at the cast end of 
Westminster, just outside of the corporation limits. 
They were inclosed with a substantial fence, and sta- 
bling was erected for the accommodation of five hun- 
dred head of stock. A race-track, half a mile in 
length, was made from a diagram furnished by George 
W. Wilkes, of the Spirit of the Times, and all the 
necessary preparations completed for the annual ex- 
hibitions of the association. The constitution of the 
society requires the members to meet three times a 
year, and Article III. of that instrument deOues the 
aims of the association to be, in addition to others, 
"to procure and improve the implements of hus- 
bandry; to improve the breed of domestic animals 
. . . ." The first officers of the society were John 
E.Smith, president; Jeremiah lliuehart, vice-presi- 
dent ; William A. McKellip, secretary ; Richard Man- 
ning, treasurer; David Fowble, George W. Matthews, 
Edward Lynch, Hashabiah Haines, and John F. Reif- 
snider, directors. At a meeting of the board of di- 
rectors in 1SG9, the following committees were ap- 
pointed to solicit subscriptions to the capital stock of 
the society : 

JJisi riot No. 1, Samuel Swope, Jno. McKellip, Samuel Smith; 
No. 2, Reuben Saylor, Thomas P. Shepherd, Jeremiah 
Rinehart; No. 3, H. Wirt Shriver, Geo. W. Shull, Samuel 
Cover; No. 4, James Leo, Jeremiah Babylon, ]>. A. Gor- 
such; No. 5, S. T. C. Brown, David Prugli, .1. Oliver 
Wadlow ; No. 6, George A. Shower, Edwin J. Crumrine, 
P. II. L. Meyers; No. 7, Vm. A. McKellip, Rielmrd 
Manning, Hashabiah Haines, Augustus Shriver; No. 8, 
David W. Houck, Win. Houck, John W. Murray; No. 9, 
Dr. P. . I. Crawford, Col. J. C. Gist, Robert D. Gorsuch j 
No. 10, Ceo. Harris, Joseph Davis, John Winemiller ; 
• No. 11, h. P. Slinglnff, Win. A. Norris, Sol. S. Ecker, Jos. 
A Stouffer. 

Preparations having all been completed, and the 
society having fully realized their anticipations of sup- 
port from the people of the county, on the 3d of July, 
18(19, the grounds of the association were opened 
with much ceremony and with a fine exhibition, 



which embraced the varied productions of the county 
and admirable specimens of improved stock and 
horses. A grand tournament attracted a large con- 
course of people, after which some interesting trotting 
races took place. Among the cattle exhibited were 
beautiful selections from Durham, Devon, Ayrshire, ! 
and Alderucy breeds. The exhibition of horses was ' 
worthy of careful inspection, the large majority of | 
the animals having been raised by the enterprising ' 
farmers of Carroll County. 

The following is a list of the officers of the society ! 
during each year, including 18S1 : 

1870.— President, John E. Smith: Vice-President, Jeremiah ! 
Rinebart; Secretary, Woo. A. MeKeliip; Treasurer, Rich- 
ard Manning; Directors, David Powble, Edward Lynch, 
H. Haines, W. G. Rinehart, Joseph H. Hoppc. 
1 871.— President. Augustus Shriver; Vice-President, Jeremiah j 
Rinehart; Secretary, Wm. A. McKclli|>; Treasurer, Rich- 
ard Manning: Directors, Edward Lynch, David H. Byers, 
Geo. W. Matthews, David Fowble, Josophns II. Hoppc, 

Rineliart ; Scci 


-, Win. A. McK 


> ; Treasurer, 



ard Manning ; 


•tors. David F< 


e. Edward I 



II. E. Morelock 

. Jo 

seph Shaeffer, L 

s P. Slingluff 

1873.— President, ( 

ranville S. Haines, 




miah Rinehart 

Secretary, Win. A. 


Kellip; Tres 



Richard Mam 


Directors, El 


id Lynch, 



Powble, Jo.epl 


effer, Dr.C. Eil 

slea, Noah SI 


E. 0. Grimes, I 

Oil is 

P. Slingluff, Le 


n. Cole. 


i.— President, G 


illeS. Haines; 


2-Presidcnt, Geo 


W. Matthews ; 

Q CC1 

etary, C. V. Wi 


j Treasurer, 



ard Manning ; 


ctors, P. II. Ore 


•IT, 11. E. Mo 



Joseph Hibberd, Thomas F. Shepherd, E. J. Crumrine. 

1875.— President, Granville S. Haines; Vice-President, Jo- 
seph Shaeffer; Secretary, C. V. Want?. ; Treasurer, Rich- 
ard Manning; Directors, H. E. Morelock, P. 11. Oren- 
dorff, David Powble, Thos. P. Shepherd, Samuel Roop. 

1870.— President, Jeremiah Rinehart; Vice-President, Noah 
Shaeffer; Secretary, George W. Matthews; Treasurer, 
Richard 'Manning; Directors, David H. Byers, Samuel 
Lawyer, Henry B. Albaugh, John Sellman, David Stoner. 

1877,-President, Col. William A. MeKeliip j Vice-President, 
David Powble; Secretary, G. W. Matthews; Treasurer, 
Richard Manning; Directors, Dr. Jacob Rinehart, Gran- 
ville S. Haines, L. P. Slingluff, Edward Lynch, Orlando 

1878.— (Same board.) 

1879.— Same board, save Francis ',. Orendorff, secretary, vice 
G. W. Matthews. 

1880.— Same board; Assistant Secretary, Frank W. Shriver; 
Chief Marshal, Joseph W. Berret ; Assistant Marshals, 
Robert M. Hewitt, Wesley A. Steele, G. Edwin Hoppe, 
William N. Sellman; Committee on Grounds and Side 
Shows, David Fowble, Granville S. Haines, Edward 
Lynch ; Superintendents of Departments, Henry E. More- 
loci;, Win. J. Morelock, D. II. Byers, Thomas B. Gist, Elias 
Tingling. Charles N. Kubn, Francis Sharrcr, Lee McElroy, 
W. G. Rinehart; Vice-Presidents, Dr. Samuel Swope, 
Frank Brown, J. C. Brubaker, A. G. Houck, Emanuel 
Myers, Geo. W. Manro, P. H. L. Myers, John W. Murray, 
Solomon Shepherd, Lewis Dielman, Benj. Poole, David 
Rinehart; Committee of Reception, Hun. Charles B. Rob- 
erts, Hon. John E. Smith, Henry Gait, Thomas F. Shep- 

herd, Samuel Cover, John II. Chew, E. J. Crumrine, R. D. 
Gorsueh. L. A. J. Lamotte, A. Augustus Roop, ■'. H. 
Steele, E. H. Clahangh. The fair this year was held Sep- 
tember 2Stb to October - 1st, and in the trials for speed there 
were six trots, in which S775 were given as awards. 
1881.— President, Col. William A. MeKeliip; Vice-President, 
David Powble; Secretary, Francis H. Orendorff: Treas- 
urer, Richard Manning; Directors, Edward Lynch, Dr. 
Jacob Rinehart, Jeremiah Rinehart, John li. Boyle, Wil- 
liam J. Morelock. 

The Agricultural Hall, for the productions requir- 
ing shelter, is eighty-five by forty feet, and two stories 
high. The pavilion seats ever two thousand persons, 
and a music-stand, octagonal in form, is erected in the 
centre of the track. This society has a capital of 
nearly thirty thousand dollars invested in its proper- 
ties. The quality of horses, cattle, hogs, sheep, and 
mules in the county, as annually exhibited, is superb, 
and makes a good return in profits to the growers and 
owners. It is universally admitted that the geuerous 
rivalry in their exhibitions has stimulated the farmers 
to more active exertions, and the machinists have 
been aroused to the necessity of producing imple- 
ments of superior quality. 

As has been before observed in these pages, the 
inhabitants of Carroll County have always been a 
peaceful and law-abiding people. The records of the 
court have seldom been defaced by the more heinous 
offenses which sometimes mar the moral symmetry of 
other communities. There have been but two exe- 
cutions in the county since its creation in 1837. 
Rebecca McCormick, a colored woman, was tried at 
the April term of the Circuit Court for 1850 for the 
murder of a colored boy, fourteen years of age. She. 
was convicted of murder in the first degree, aud 
executed in the month of June following. 

On the 5tl of April, 1872, Abraham L. Lynn, a 
miller near Lynwood Station, was found dead in bis 
grain-bin with his skull fractured in several places. 
It was at first supposed that he had accidentally fallen 
into the bin, but the suspicious movements of a young 
man named Joseph W. Davis, employed in the mill, 
attracted attention, and he was arrested and charged 
with the murder. Hamilton Shue, a shoemaker in 
the village, was also arrested as an accomplice. The 
trial of Davis before the Circuit Court of Carroll 
County, in June, 1872, resulted in a disagreement of 
the jury. His case was then removed to Washington 
County, where he was tried in September, 1S72, and 
convicted of murder in the first degree. There suc- 
ceeded a scries of delays almost unexampled in the 
history of jurisprudence. The evidence was entirely 
circumstantial, and his counsel, Col. Maulsby and J. 
A. C. Bond, believed implicitly in bis innocence. 



The case was taken on a bill of exceptions to the j 
(\.mt of Appeals, and the decision of the lower court 
affirmed. Subsequently, in deference to the appeals 
of counsel, the case was reopened by the highest court 
in the State and reargued, with the same result as 
before. An appeal was now made to the Governor 
for pardon, and the case elaborately argued before 
htm, but he declined to interfere. Again, on the 
supposed discovery of new evidence, it was argued 
before the Governor with a like result. Some mis- 
takes were then discovered in the court papers, and a 
writ of error was sued out by the counsel of Davis, 
which was heard by the Court of Appeals, and de- 
cided adversely to Davis. As a last resort an appli- 
cation for intsrference was made to the Legislature, 
which was then in session, but while the proceedings 
wore pending before this body Davis made a full con- 
fession, acknowledging his guilt and exonerating Shue, 
who bad already been acquitted. Davis was executed 
in the jail-yard at Westminster, Feb. G, 1874. A 
fearful storm of wind and snow prevailed during the 
day, but the. case had become so generally known 
through the extraordinary efforts of counsel in his 
behalf, that thousands of people were drawn thither 
to witness the last act in the tragedy. He broke down 
utterly at the last, and had to be borne up the steps of 
the gallows. His confession was sold to the spectators 
while he was delivering his farewell to the populace, 
and appeared the next day in the morning papers. 

The financial exhibit of Carroll County for the year 
ending June 30, 1881, was very gratifying to the 
taxpayers. There was a reduction of 810,041.61 in 
the public debt over the previous year, and an in- 
crease of S5172.41 in assets, making a general im- 
provement of £15,787.02. The liabilities over assets 
were §12,532.82, which was about the actual debt of 
the county. The tax levied was fifty cents on a 
hundred dollars, the lowest in the State. The ex- 
penses of the Circuit Court for August and No- 
vember, 1880, and for February and May, 1881, 
were $8303.46; for sundry attorneys, $1 i.33; for 
the Orphans' Court, 81573.81 ; for county commis- 
sioners, $1SG8.50 ; for county jail, §2390.59; for pub- 
lic schools, §21,000; for registers of voters, §825; 
for collection of taxes, $2635 ; for justices of the 
peace, §457.68; for constables, §464.79; for public 
printing, §722.83; for taxes refunded, §14 10; for 
State witnesses, §41 58 ; for laying out and opening 
public roads, 8109 ; for inquests, §160.9 £ ; for sundry 
minor expenses, §970.55 ; for county roads, small 
bridges, and culverts, §9369.90; for bridges, §3732.- 
88; for county indebtedness, §14,230.31 ; forjudges 
mid clerks of election, §286 ; for out-door pensioners, 

§2S03 ; for special pensions by order, §619.60; for 
miscellaneous accounts. §2364.36; for the almshouse, 
§3822.70. The liabilities of the county on June 30, 
1881, were given by Joseph A. Waesche, the treas- 
urer, as follows: County certificates outstanding, 
§47,495; note due Union National Dank, §5000; 
Daniel Bush estate, §1200; George W. Armacort, 
§400 ; total, §54,095. The amount of liabilities June 
30, 1880, §64,709.01. The assets were stated as 
follows: Outstanding taxes in hands of collectors for 
former years, $38,230.71 ; cash in bank, $2396.97 ; 
due from Baltimore City and Allegany County, 
§935.50 ; total, $41,563,18. Amount of assets July 
30, 1880, §36,390.77. The commissioners were 
John K. Longwell, president; Francis Warner, Wil- 
liam C. Polk. 

The following statistics in regard to Carroll County 
are furnished from the census bureau: Total value of 
real estate assessed for the year ended June 30, 1880, 
§11,215,334; personal property, §5.030,142; aggre- 
gate value of real and personal property assessed, 
$16,245,476. Receipts from taxes for all purposes 
except schools, §90,687.65 ; for school purposes, 
§37,245.47 ; total receipts from State taxes for all 
purposes except schools, §14,214.79; total receipts 
from State taxes (or apportionment) for schools, 
$16,245.47. Expenditures for schools, $37,245.47 ; 
State roads or bridges, §11,990.71; poor, §7590; 
all other purposes, §24,337.95. Total, $81,170.13. 
The bonded indebtedness is based on the issue of 
bonds bearing 6 per cent, interest in 1864 and 1865, 
as bounties for volunteer soldiers, which matured in 
1866 and 1807. The amount paid is §10,075; out- 
standing, $4S,325. Assets, par value outstanding 
taxes in the hands of collectors, §30,390.17; alms- 
house property, containing 175 acres of land, §15,000. 
Total, §51,390.17 ; estimated value, §51,390.17. 

The total population of the county in 1880 was 
30,992, of which the males numbered 15,495, and 
the females 15,497. . 

The population of Carroll County, according to 
previous census returns, has been as follows: 

1S70. ISGO. 1S50. 1840. 

White 20,444 22,525 18,607 15,221 

Colored 2,175 1,225 974 80S 

Slave 7S3 975 1,122 

Total 28,019 24,5153 20,010 17,241 

The cereal production of Carrol! County, as returned 

by the census of 1880, was as follows: 

Acres. Bushels. 

Barley 133 3,724 

Buckwheat 972 12,543 

Indian corn 31.9S3 1,003,086 

Oats 11,972 202,458 

Kvo 5,260 54,873 

AVheat 40,077 579.333 



Summary of School Statistics for 18SO. 
Number of school-houses (frame 32, hrick 63, lug 

IS, stone 12) 125 

Number male teachers (principals) £2 

female " " 40 

" " " assistants 1 

" fenced lots 9 

" schools having outbuildings 105 

" " " good blackboards 110 

" furniture 112 

Different yuptU for the year (white) 6102 

•• " " (colored) 307 


Balance on hand Sept. 30, 1SS0 S1S0.30 

State school tax 12,01)2.30 

■• free school fund 1,942.02 

Count v school tax at Ifi cents on the $100 20,000.00 

Book ices 7,811.60 

State appropriation to colored schools 2,1/1 .SS 

k^::zzz':z::z:zzzz:zz:::z. "2^00 

Total $44,994.43 

The total disbursements were $44,994.43, of which 
$30,991.40 were teachers' salaries, ?1 579.90 for fuel, 
$4902.89 for stationery ; §4033.12 for colored schools 
(included in the above disbursements), and the bal- 
ance (save §3140.07 cash on hand) for various inci- 
dental and contingent expenses. 

According to the United States census of 18S0, 
the total number of persons in Carroll County who 
cannot read is 1419, and of those who cannot write 
2125. Of the latter, 1209 are native white, 06 
foreign white, and 850 colored. Of the white popu- 
lation who cannot write, 95 males and 01 females, 
total, 150, are between 10 and 14 years of age; 43 
males and 49 females, total, 92, are from 15 to 20 
years of age; and 3S3 males and 044 females, total, 
1027, are 21 years and over. Of the colored popu- 
lation who cannot write, 43 males and 51 females, 
total, 94, are from 10 to 14 years old ; 42 males and 
58 females, total, 100, are from 15 to 20 years; and 
320 males and 336 females, total, 656, are 21 years 
and over. 



The metes and bounds of this district are as follows: I 

"Beginning at tho Pennsylvania line where Bock Creek 
crosses said line; thence with ttic course of said creek until it 
empties into the Monocacy Kiver; thenee with the Monocacy j 
to the point where Double Pipe Creek enters tlie river ; thence 
with tin- coui-c of Tipe to the point of junction with Little j 
Pipe Creek and by Pipe Creek; thence with the course of I 

Little Pipe Creek to Eckart's Ford; thence with a straight 
line to Si.-k's Ford on Big Pipe Creek ; thenee up Dig Pipe 
Creek to 0' rove's Mill ; thenee with the stone road to Littlestown 
turnpike; thence with the turnpike to the Pennsylvania lino j 
thenee to the place of beginning." 

The district is bounded on the north by Pennsyl- 
vania, on the east by the Myers' and Unioutown Dis- 
tricts, on the south by the Uniontown and Middleburg 
Districts, and on the west by Frederick County. Its 
western boundary line is the Mouocacy River, and Big 
Pipe Creek separates it from the Uniontown District. 
Alloway's Creek, which rises in Pennsylvania, passes 
through the northwest comer of the district and 
empties into the Monocacy River, and Piriey Creek, 
which takes its rise in the same State, passes diag- 
onally through the district, dividing it into two nearly 
equal parts, and finds it^ outlet in the Mouocacy. 
Upon the tributaries of these streams mauy mills 
have been erected, some of them prior to the Revolu- 
tionary war. Taneytowu District was first settled by 
the Scotch-Irish Presbyterian Covenanter stock, who 
were either natives of the north of Ireland or the 
descendants of those who came to Pennsylvania very 
early in tin- history of the colonies. Among them 
were the Gwynns, McKalebs, McKellips, Gaits, Bir- 
nies, Knoxes, and Rudesils. The Goods, Crouses, 
Swopes, II esses, Nails, Hecks, Reindollars, Thomp- 
son-:, and Sliunks are names intimately associated also 
with the first settlement of the district. ( Frederick 
Taney was the earliest settler of whom any record is 
preserved He took up a tract of html in the vicinity 
of Taneytown, at present the business centre of the 
district, in 1740, and in 1751 •'■'Brother's Agree- 
ment," a tract of seven thousand nine hundred acres, 
was patented to Edward Digges and Raphael Taney. 
About 1750 a heavy tide of immigration set in from 
Pennsylvania! John McKellip, Sr., a sea-captain, was 
born in the County Antrim, Ireland, where his parents 
bad removed from the neighborhood of Castle Stir- 
ling, England. He married, Nov. 9, 1780, Mary 
Drips, his first wife, and after her death. Ami Adams, 
of Maryland. He settled in the Taneytown District 
in 1780, whither he had come from Ireland in com- 
pany with Rogers Birnie. He died March 10, 1834, 
aged eighty years. His first wife died Feb. 15, 1 799, 
and his second, Dec. 14, 1827, she being sixty-four 
years of age. Three of bis brothers. William, Hugh, 
and David, settled in America. John McKellip's son 
James by his second wife was boin Nov. 5, 1805, and 
died May 4, 1S59. He was the father of Col. Wil- 
liam A. McKellip, a prominent, lawyer of West- 
minster. The early settlers were all stanch Whigs 
durimr the Revolution, and contributed lav-"' 1 ' in 



and treasure to its success. 

Brother's Inher- 
itance," a grant of three thousand one hundred and 
twenty-four acres, was patented to Michael Swope in 

If longevity be an indication of the salubriousness J 
of a climate, Taneytown District has reason to be 
proud of its record in this regard. John Welty was 
!„.ni in Eppiugen, Germany, Sept. 4, 1722. He I 
came to this country and settled in the Taneytown 
District, and died near Emmittsburg, Jan. 16, 1817, 

;d ninety-four years, four months, and two days. 

His sou, Frederick Welty, was born on Piney Creek, 
near Taneytown, March 12. 1779, and afterwards re- 
moved to Deilsburg, York Co., Pa., where he died j 
April 28, 1877, aged ninety-eight years, one month, j 
and sixteen days; Elizabeth Knitz, a daughter of 
John Welty, lived to be one hundred and three years j 
of age; Susanna. Jlornaker died in March, 1855, aged 
eighty-four years, four months, and two days ; Casper | 
Welty, a son of John, died Feb. 27, 1856, aged j 
eighty-eight years, nine months, and twenty-one days; 
Bernard Welty, another sou, died April 1, 1S56, aged 
eighty-two years, eight months, and eleven days; 
Mary Jloovs, another daughter, died Sept. 17, 1866, | 
aged ninety-one years; Abraham Welty, died May 2, j 
1874, aged ninety-seven years, eleven months, and 
twenty-two days. Their aggregate ages amounted to 
six hundred and fifty-seven years, giving an average 
of ninety-four years to each member of the family, 
probably t!5e most remarkable instance of longevity ; 
since the clays of the patriarchs. 

Piney Creek Presbyterian Church. — " April 13, 
1763, Tom's Creek and Pipe Creek Churches ask leave [ 
I" apply to the Presbytery of New Brunswick for a I 
young man to supply them." The answer to this re- | 
quest is not recorded, but the Rev. Samuel Thompson 
was appointed to preach at Tom's Creek, and the Rev. 
Robert McMardil wao at the same time appointed to j 
preach at Pine Creek, on the fourth Sabbath of ! 
April. At this point in the history the name of Pipe j 
Creek disappears from the record, and that of Pine, 
then Piney Creek, is substituted, showing that the 
congregation now adopted a new name, if it did not 
also change its place of worship. The church was 
supplied during the next autumn and w : tcr by Wil- 
liam Edmeston and John Slemous, licentiates of the 
Donegal Presbytery, by William Magau, a licentiate 
"i the Presbytery of Philadelphia, and by the Rev. 
Robert Smith. For the summer of 1761, Mr. Slem- 
°ua had three appointments at Piney Creek. Luring 
ihe next five years Tom's Creek and Piney Creek j 
had occasional supplies, appointed chiefly at the stated j 
meetings of the Presbytery in April and October. I 

Andrew Bay, John Slemons, John Craighead, Ileze- 
kiah James Balch, Samuel Thompson, and Robert 
Cooper were among their preachers. Rev. John 
Slemons was born in Chester County, Pa. His 
parents were emigrants from Ireland. lie was a 
graduate of Princeton College, and was licensed b} r 
the Presbytery of Donegal in 1762 or 1703. He 
was unanimously called to Lower Marsh Creek on the 
third Saturday of November, 1761. He also received 
calls from Tom's Creek and Piney Creek about the 
same time. At Philadelphia, May 8, 1765, the 
Presbytery desired his answer respecting the calls 
under consideration, when " he gave up that from 
Piney Creek and Tom's Creek." Not being ,: clear" 
with respect to the call from Lower Marsh Creek, the 
Presbytery " recommend him to come to a determina- 
tion as soon as he can in that matter." 

On the 23d of May he declared his acceptance of 
the call to Lower Marsh Creek, and was ordained 
and installed by the Presbytery of Carlisle. Oct. 3D, 
1765, Mr. Siemens frequently supplied Tom's Creek 
and I'iney Creek, both before and after his settlement 
at Marsh Creek. His relation to this church had dis- 
solved in 1771. He was pastor of Slate Ridge and 
Chanceford from their organization until his death. 
June. 1814, in the eightieth year of his age. His 
remains, and those of his wife Sarah, who died June 
2, 1S23, are interred in the Piney Creek burying- 
grouud. Mrs. Slemons was the daughter of the Rev. 
Joseph Dean, a co-laborer of the Tennents, who was 
buried in the Neshaminy Church graveyard. Two 
brothers and a sister of Mr. Slemons, and the children 
of one of the brothers, are buried in the Lower Marsh 
Creek burying-ground. Piney Creek had meanwhile 
asked for the appointment of the Rev. Joseph Rhea 
" in particular" as supply, and had also requested that 
some member of the Presbytery be deputized to 
assist in the preparation of a call to Mr. Rhea. He 
had already been before the congregation, having be- 
come a member of the Presbytery, October, 1770. 
That Mr. Rhea's ministrations were highly acceptable 
is evinced by the fact that not only Piney Creek, but 
also Upper Marsh Creek (now Gettysburg) and the 
united churches of Tuscarora and Cedar Springs, all 
presented calls to him in April, 1771. Hanover, in 
Dauphin County, likewise asked for him as supply at 
the same time. The call from Tuscarora and Cedar 
Spring was withheld for correction. Thin from [Tpper 
Marsh was presented to Mr. Rhea, and taken into 
consideration by him. 

The commissioners from Piney Creek were Patrick 
Watson and Matthew Gait. They stated that sub- 
scriptions amounting to £110 or £112 had been 



secured for Mr. Rhea's support ; that if lie became 
pastor they proposed to maintain his family for the 
first year in addition to the salary, and that this agree- 
ment had been entered of record in their " Book of 
Congregational Affairs." 

The Presbytery found the call to be regular and 
the people unanimous, but an existing difficulty be- 
tween Tom's Creek and Piney Creek was an impedi- 
ment in the way of placing it in Mr. Rhea's hands. 
Another committee was now raised to hear and deter- 
mine the matters now in dispute. This committee 
consisted of the Rev. Messrs. Thompson, Roou, Duf- 
field, and Cooper, and was directed to put the call 
in Mr. Rhea's hands, if no sufficient objections arose 
out of the questions submitted for their decision. 

The committee was directed to meet on the Mon- 
day following their appointment, but in this they 
failed, and so reported to the Presbytery in June, 
when the reasons assigned for the failure were sus- 
tained. During the delay occasioned by these efforts 
of conciliation Mr. Rhea declared his acceptance of 
the call to Upper Marsh Creek, but afterwards de- 
clined it under circumstances which led the Presby- 
tery to disapprove, of his conduct " as having too 
great an appearance of inadvertency and instability," 
and recommending him to be " more cautious in the 
future with respect to such matters." 

Piney Creek now urged the Presbytery to put their 
call into Mr. Rhea's hands, and in case of his accept- 
ance to have him installed as soon as convenient. The 
same obstacle being still in the way as at the April 
meeting, action upon this request was again deferred. 
But, in order to expedite the business, a new com- 
mittee, consisting of the Rev. Messrs. Cooper, Craig- 
head, and Duffield, with Robert Dill and Robert 
McPherson as elders, was appointed to determine the 
matter in debate, and if the way should be clear, put 
the call into Mr. Rhea's hands and receive his an- 

The committee met at Tom's Creek on the fourth 
Tuesday of June, 1771, all the members being present 
except Mr. Craighead and Elder Dill. Mr. Cooper 
was chosen moderator, and Mr. Duffield clerk. The 
commissioners from Piney Creek were Patrick Wat- 
son, Abraham Heyter, Benjamin iMcKinley, James 
Gait, and James Hunter ; from Tom's Creek a com- 
mittee of four. 

When the committee and the parties came together, 
there were two subjects of dispute to be considered. 
The first was that Piney Creek desired a separation 
from Tom's Creek and the settlement of a pastor of 
their own ; whereas Tom's Creek favored the continu- 
ance of the former union and a joint settlement of a 

'■ pastor. After a full and patient hearing of the argu- 
ments ou both sides, the committee decided this first 
j question in favor of Piney Creek, and dissolved the 
I union. 

I The second subject of controversy was that of the 
; boundary line between the two congregations. It will 
I be remembered that in April, 17G5, this question was 
I considered and apparently settled. The following is 
i the concluding part of the committee's decision : 


The eo 

limine, therefore determine 

that although ih 




• to bo a 

just and 

atural b. 

undary to Tom's 



for the 


such per 

ous as 1 

ve between the 



Stony I 

idge and 

Marsh C 

■eek, or Monoeacy, and 


oao to j 

Din with 

Piney Cr 

eek, shall 

be at liberty so 

to do. 


that ii 

ease of 

Tom's Cr 

■ek obtain 

ing a minister, 

1 shall 

be deemed 

more i 

egular in 

tliem to 

join with Tom's 



thin wh 

iso reas 

liable boi 

nds they 

are to be esteemed re- 


ig). as 

being u 

ore cond 

cive to t 

le. general good 

of the 


rch, eve 

n thoug 

h they si 

ould still 

continue a connection 

with Pinco 


a? being 

neai-er to 

them as that b 

ouse is 


- seated 

In the judgment and determination of the commit- 
tee the commissioners of both congregations acqui- 
esced, and thus disposed of questions which had been 
sources of controversy aud distraction. The way was 
now clear for presenting the call to Mr. Rhea. It was 
accordingly placed in his hand:; by the committee. 
After due deliberation he accepted it. The record 
omits the arrangements for his installation, but this 
doubtless soon followed, as from this time he dis- 
charged the duties o r the pastorate. Thus after de- 
pending upon the 1 resbytcry for supplies for nearly 
ten years, Piney Creek had, for the first time, a set- 
tled minister. At what precise time the first house 
of worship was erected at Piney Creek is unknown. 
It was, however, prior to the settlement of Mr. Rhea, 
as is shown by the deed conveying the lot of ground, 
and the house built upon it, to the trustees. The 
original Piney Creek church, as slated above, erected 
prior to Mr. Rhea's settlement in 177], was a very 
plain log structure. Its pews were 

" Straight-backed and tall, 

Its pulpit, goblet formed, 
Half-way up the wall, 

The sounding-board above." 

It was removed about the year 1818, when the 
present brick church was built upon the saute site, 
and much after the same fashion. It was remodeled 
and modernized in 1SG9, during the pastorate of Mr. 
Patterson. Tho number of pews in the second church 
before the last improvements were made were fifty - 

The deed of tho old church is dated Feb. 
tnd was given for a consideration of five sli 

[5, 1771, 
[lings, by 


y :',:>, 

Abraham Heyter, of Frederick Count}', province of 
Maryland, to Patrick Watson, James Gait, and John 
McCorkle, of the same county and province, and 
James Barr and James Hunter, of York County, 
province of Pennsylvania, in trust for a church and 
burying-ground. The grant contained two acres of 
land, and the use of a spring of water contiguous 
thereto, on the southeast side of the land, and was 
situated in Piney Creek Hundred, Frederick Co. 
In shape it was a parallelogram, with lines running 
north and south twenty perches, and east and west 
sixteen perches. The grantor restricted the use and 
privilege of the land to " a congregation of people 
called Presbyterians, who shall hold or continue to 
bold that system of doctrine contained in the West- 
minster confession of faith, catechisms, and direc- 
tory, as the same principles are now professed and 
embraced by the Synod of New Y r ork and Philadel- 
phia, to which they are now united." 

While Piney Creek was enjoying the regular min- 
istrations of a settled pastor, Tom's Creek was de- 
pendent upon the Presbytery for supplies. In 1772 
subscriptions to the amount of fourteen pounds were 
taken up in Piney Creek for the benefit of Nassau 
Hall College, New Jersey. In June, 1775, Mr. Rhea 
informed the Presbytery that he desired to visit some 
parts of Virginia, and that his people had given con- 
sent to his absence. The Presbytery permitted him 
to carry out his purpose, aud furnished him with the 
usual traveling credentials. 

Mr. Rhea tendered his resignation as pastor of the 
Piney Creek Church in April, 1770. His reasons for 
doing so are not upon record, but subsequent proceed- 
ings show that his salary was in arrears. The com- 
missioners of the congregation were Hubert Bigham 
and Adam Hoop. Upon their acceding to Mr. Rhea's 
request, the Presbytery, after due deliberation, dis- 
solved the pastoral relation. An agreement was, 
however, previously entered into whereby Mr. Rhea 
engaged to receipt in full for his salary upon the pay- 
ment of one hundred and fifty pounds. He also 
agreed that if upou examination of accounts it should 
appear that any moneys had been received for which 
due credit had not been given, the proper deductions 
should be made. The date of these transactions was 
April 11, 1776. 

Mr. Rhea obtained leave to spend the following 
summer in Virginia, aud was furnished with the usual 
Presbyterial certificate. 

Being unable to effect a settlement with Mr. Rhea, 
the congregation applied to the Presbytery in October 
"I the same year for a committee to adjudicate the 
•natter. The Rev. Messrs. Balch and Black, with 

Elders William Blair and David MeConaughy, were 
appointed said committee, and directed to meet at 
Piney Creek, when Mr. Rhea could be present. But 
as he had gone to Virginia, the meeting was neces- 
sarily delayed, and before it could be arranged for his 
convenience he died. This event occurred Sept. 20, 
1777. Mr. Rhea was a native of Ireland. Piney 
Creek was his only pastorate in this country. His 
remains lie in the burying-ground attached to this 
church. His tombstone bears the following inscrip- 
tion : 

I •' Sacred to the memory of the Rev. Joseph Ebeu, who died 
in 1777, aged about sixty-two years. Erected at tho request and 
! the expense of a grandson of the deceased, in lSo'J, by the elders 
I of the Piney Creek Church, where he preached seven years." 

In October, 1778, a paper signed by Patrick Wat- 
son, Robert Bigham, Samuel McCuue, James Watson, 
and William Linn showed that the arrears due to the 
heirs of Mr. Rhea had been collected, aud all the ob- 
ligations of the congregation to him honorably dis- 
charged. Supplies were appointed for Piney Creek 
at this meeting, and from time to time for the next 
two years. 

On the 22d of May, 1777, the Rev. James Martin, 
a member of the Associate Presbytery of Pennsyl- 
vania, was received by the Synod and assigned to the 
j Presbytery of Donegal. He was enrolled as a member 
' of this latter body June 18th. In 17S0 he accepted 
| a call to Piney Creek Church. The support prom- 
j iscd was " four hundred bushels of wheat per year, 
1 or the current price thereof in money, and as much 
! more as the circumstances of the congregation would 
i admit." He was installed Nov. 0, 1780, by a com- 
mittee consisting of the Rev. Messrs. James Hunt, 
John Siemens, and John Black. The pastorale of 
I Mr. Martin was coutiaued eight and a half years. 
j In October, 17SS, be applied to the Presbytery of 
j Carlisle for a relief from his charge. The commis- 
i sioners of the congregation had not been instructed 
to acquiesce in this application, but they presented a 
memorial showing that their financial affairs were not 


in a healthy condition. The church was cited to 
appear at the next meeting and show cause why Mr. 
j Martin's request should not be granted, and a com- 
mittee consisting of Rev. Messrs. Black, Mclvnight, 
I and Henderson, with Elders John Linn, Robert Mc- 
■ Pherson, and James McKnight, was directed to meet 
| at Piney Creel; on the first Tuesday of December and 
inquire into the condition of affairs. 

The committee reported, April 15, 1789, that the 
whole amount paid Mr. Martin in nine years was 
£012 12s. 8d., that £297 7s. Id. were still due, that 
for his future support they can only raise seventy 



pounds per annum, and will on!}' be responsible for 
forty pounds of tbe said sum. The pastoral relation 
was therefore unanimously dissolved, and the congre- 
gation was directed to use every honorable effort to 
liquidate their indebtedness to Mr. Martin. At the 
same meeting; Mr. Martin accepted a call to East 
and West Penn's Valley, Warrior Mark, and Half- 
Moon, in Pennsylvt i in, within (he present bounds of 
the Presbytery o! ■-untingaon. Here he labored 
until his death, Jit 20, 1795. He was a native of 
of Ireland. He came to tin* 
independence was declared, and 
in South Carolina, l'iney Creek 
ih he had preached 

the County Dov 

country before it 
labored for a seas' 
was h 


first settlement here, the 
i years in bis native 1; 

d. He was one of I 
the original members of ihe Presbytery of Hunting- 
don, which was constituted April 14, 1795. He died 
at the age of sixty-seven, and was buried in Penn's 
Valley, where he resided after he moved to Maryland. 
Tradition speaks of him as an able and popular 
preacher. He is said to have been a very earnest 
and animated speaker. Like all the preachers of that I 
day, and those especially of the denomination from 
which he originally came, his sermons were long, ! 
perhaps seldom less than an hour and a half, and 
sometimes considerably longer. On a warm summer 
day it was not unusual for him to take off his coat 
and preach in his shirt-sleeves. In the pulpit he was ! 
very forgetful of himself and his personal appearance, 
so intensely was he taken up in his subject. He 
would first take off his coat, then begin to loosen his j 
cravat, and conclude by taking off his wig, holding 
it in his hand and shaking it in the face of the con- 
gregation, and sometimes during the course of bis 
sermon his wig would become awry, the back part 
turned to the front, and he utterly unconscious of the 
metamorphosis. Surely a man of such earnestness , 
was above and beyond the ridicule of the profane. 
Mr. Martin was twice married. His first wife was 
Annie McCullough ; his second, Ellen Davidson, of i 
York County. After his death she returned to her 
home. She had no children. Mr. Martin had four 
sons, — James, Samuel, John, and Robert. 

The pulpit remained vacant for several years after 
Mr. Martin's resignation, and depended upon the 
Presbytery for preaching and the administration of . 
the sacraments. The process of liquidating their in- 
debtedness went on slowly. 

In October, 1792, a statement of accounts between 
the congregation and their late pastor showed a re- 
making indebtedness of £96 17s. 11'/. The only 
other reference to the subject is in April, 1793, when 
the people are again directed to take all proper meas- I 

ures to secure a speedy discharge of their obligations 
to Mr. Martin. 

Iu August. 179:;, the advice of the Presbytery was 
sought in the following case : " A certain widow of 
l'iney Creek', with her husband in his lifetime, ap- 
plied to a certain man who passed under the name of 
a gospel minister and had the ordinance of baptism 
in appearance administered to her two children ; but 
it was afterwards discovered that l he said adminis- 
trator had never been authorized by any regular 
church of Christ to act as a gospel minister." The 
Presbytery decided the act of the impostor to be in- 
valid, and advised that the children be baptized by a 
regularly ordained minister. 

In October, 1801, the Piney Creek Church, which 
had been vacant since the resignation of Mr. Martin, 
April 15, 1789, extended a call to Mr. Davidson, 
offering him ,CS7 10s. for one-half of his ministerial 
and pastoral services. A commissioner informed the 
Presbytery that Tom's Creek had been consulted, and 
had agreed that Mr. Davidsou's services should be 
divided between the two congregations. The call was 
accordingly presented to Mr. Davidson, and upon hi; 
acceptance of it the arrangement was consummated. 

Tom's Creek and Piuey Creek were now for the 
first time in a period of forty years united under Ihe 
same pastor. The union then established has, how- 
ever, been continued with entire harmony through 
successive pastorates for three-quarters of a century. 
Mr. Davidson's labors were continued in the two con- 
gregations until the autumn of 1S09. 

At the Presbytery meeting at Carlisle, Sept 20, 
IS 10, charges of a serious nature, were made against 
Mr. Davidson by Mr. Eminit. " Only six were 
deemed relevant: 1. A charge of fraud and false- 
hood in a business transaction with said Emmit. 2. 
Of fraud towards the purchasers of certain lots of 
ground in the above transaction. L!. Of falsehood in 
renting to Anthony Troxel a brick house only, and 
afterwards giving him possession of orchard, clover, 
and garden, though said property was claimed by said 
Emmit according to contract. 4. Of fraud an I false- 
hood (1) in settling an account with Robert Holmes, 
and (2.) in his dealings with Lewis Weaver, wherein 
he promised to settle with said Weaver before he 
(Davidson) removed to Frederick, but violated said 
promise. 5. Of cruel and unchristian conduct in 
ejecting George Hockensmith, wife, and children, 
with beds and furniture, during a heavy rain, despite 
all said Hockensmith's entreaties to give him two or 
three days, for which he would pay him two dollars, 
and iu refusing to give him time for his children to 
eat a mouthful of breakfast, though it was provided 


for them and already on the table. 6. Of a breach 
of the Sabbath, in June, 1805, in dealing with Solo- 
mon Kephart for harvest liquors." 

A committee consisting of the Rev. John Mc- 
Knight, D.D., chairman, and the Rev. Messrs. Wil- 
ii.iru Piixton and David McConaughy, with Elders 
Alexander Russel, Walter Smith, and John Eadie, 
appointed to hear and take testimony in the case, met 
ar the house of Patrick Reed, in Emmittsburg, on the 
first Tuesday of November, 1810, and entered upon 
an examination of the charges. Mr. Davidson de- 
clined to make any defense. The committee reported 
to the Presbytery April 1 1 , 1811. The charges were 
taken up seriatim, and after mature consideration it 
was decided that none of them had been sustained. 
It was thereupon 

"Resolved, That the Presbytery declare their high disappro- 
bation of the conduct of William Emniit, in instituting and 
prosecuting charges evidently unjust, slanderous, and vexa- 

It was also ordered that an attested copy of this 
resolution be read from the pulpit of the churches. 

Of the internal and spiritual condition of Piney 
Creek during Mr. Davidson's pastorate little is known. 
In 1800 the total membership was 124; in 1807, 
113; in 180S, 108. In 1805 the additions to the 
church were 10; in 1807, 8; in 1808, 7; in 1809, 
9. The baptisms in 1S00 were 14; in 1807, 8; in 
1808,24; in 1809, 10; in 1810, 14. 

The next pastor of the united congregations was the 
Rev. Robert Smith Grier. A complete roll of the 
membership of Piney Creek was prepared in January, 
1824, from which it appears that there were then 
one hundred and forty-four communicants; of these 
eighty-nine were females. Piney Creek had at that 
date thirty-seven members more than Tom's Creek, 
and was most probably as strong as at any period of 
its history. Emigration westward, by which it has 
been greatly depleted of late, had not then fairly set 
in. The elders were Alexander Horner, John McAl- 
ister, Samuel Thompson, and John Barr. Many 
names then on the list of members have since dis- 
appeared. The Adairs, the Baldwins, the Blacks, the 
Darbys, the Fergusons, the Heagys, the McCrearys, 
the Rcids, the Wilsons, and others familiar doubtless 
to many now living are no longer upon the register. 

In May, 1825, Catharine Harris, Susan Jamison, 
Sarah and William Thompson, Rebecca Wilson, 
Henry Dinwiddie, .Amelia Rhinedoller, and Sophia 
Di'iik.irt were received, and in September Robert 
Plemming and Miss Eliza Graham. In 1830 the 
Session received Jacob Shoemaker, who became a 
useful member of the church, and was ordained to 

the eldership in 183S. He died Fob. 4, 18G9. Mrs. 
Margaret Shoemaker, wife of Jacob, was received at 
the same time; she was a diffident though a sincere 
and humble Christian woman. At her death, which 
occurred Oct. 26, 1 875, it was discovered that she had 
bequeathed two thousand dollars to the board of the 

John Adair was treasurer of Piney Creek Church 

■ from 1814 to 18:^2; James Fair, from 1822 to 1830. 
The position of doorkeeper was held by Abraham 
Shoemaker from 1815 to 1819; James Ross, from 
1819 to 1822; Elijah Currens, from 1823 to 1837. 

1 The number of persons subscribing to the pastor's 
salary in 1806 were 95; in 1810, 75; in 1816 and 
1817, 100, which appears to be the maximum num- 

I ber so far as can be ascertained. The subscriptions 
ranged from one to ten dollars, the average being 
about three, and were paid semi-annually. 

The pastoiate of Mr. Grier, though covering more 

, than half a century, was quiet and uneventful. He 
lived during a large part of his ministry upon his 
farm, three miles north of Emmittsburg, and over the 
line separating Maryland and Pennsylvania. After 
the decease of Mr. Grier both churches were supplied 
for a few months by Rev. Daniel B. Jackson, then a 
licentiate, but now pastor of the Black River Kalis 
Church, Wis. Early in the summer of 1806 they 

: were visited by the Rev. Isaac M. Patterson, pastor of 
the Annapolis Church, and a member of the Pres- 
bytery of Baltimore. This visit, resulted in a call to 
the pastorate of both churches. Mr. Patterson com- 

i menccd his labors early in August, and was installed 
at Piney Creek November 13th, and on the next day 
at Emmittsburg. Mr. Patterson's ministry lasted 
seven years. In the summer of 1S73 he resigned 

| his pastoral charge with a view to accept a call to 
Milford, N. J., .vhich is his present field of labor. 
The relations of the present pastor to the united 

I churches of Emmittsburg, Piney Creek, and Taney- 

I towu were constituted in December, 1873, by a com- 
mittee of the Presbytery of Baltimore. 

In January, 1824, there were in the church at 
Piney Creek four elders, — Alexander Horner, John 
McAllister, Samuel Thompson, and James Barr. — and 
the following are the names of the communicants: 

Alexander Hornor, Sarah Horner, Eli Horner, Ann AValker, 
John Horner, Ann Thompson, Robert McCrecry, Robert 
Thompson. Eleanor Thompson, Ann McCrecry, .Mary 
Thompson, Andrew Walker, .Maria McCrecry, Sarah 
Homer, James Horner, Janes Black, Jane Black, Phiiip 
[ Heagy, Esther Heagy, Jesse Qttinn, Margar r Linor, Wil- 




W. Mc< ; 

son. Peggy Stevenson, 
.., Betsy MeCalistcr, 
Frnncec Weenies, Jam 


cell, Margaret Piixton, William Pr.xton, Caroline Harris, 
Jane McCrea, Elijah Baldwin, Matthew Gait, Mary Gait, 
Elizabeth Gait, Susan Gait, Rebecca Gait, Abraham Linor, 
Stirling G;,lt, Margaret Gait. Samuel Gall, Mary Gnlt, 
Mary Jones, Elizabeth MeCrea, Thompson McCrea, Samuel 
Thompson, Archibald Clingan, Ann Clingan, William Clin- 
gan, Elizabeth Clingan, Hugh Thompson, Margaret Snyder, 
Elijah Baldwin, Elizabeth Baldwin, Mary Baldwin, Kizeah 
Baldwin, Rachel Miller, Sarah Drninmond, James Smith, 
Sarah Smith, Alison, Martha Alison, Mary Ann Ali- 
son, Isabella Rurr, James Pair, Murgarct Parr, Sally Parr, 
Mary Cornell, Esther Cornell, Sarah Gall, Martha Breck- 
enridge, Margaret Birnic, Ilrster Birnie, Charles Birnic. 
Hester Birnie, Jr., RoseBiinie, John MeKaleb, Mary Jane 
Annan, John Mc.Killip, Ann MuKillip, Mary Uillelan, 
Sarah Claubaeh, Catherine Musgrove, John Ferguson, Sr., 
John Ferguson, Rebecca Ferguson, John Adair, Esther 
Adair, Sarah Adair, Samuel Adair, Hannah Adair, Frances 
Alison, Margarel Reid, Margaret Reid, Jr., Mary Reid, 
Weenjcs Black, Elizabeth Larrimore, Lucinda MeCalister, 
Thomas McCuno, Thomas McCune, Jr., Mary McCune, 
John Thompson, Andrew Guin. Margaret Hunter, Susanna 
Hunter, .lane Hunter, Elizabeth Hunter, John Hunter, 
Andrew Horner, Margaret Horner, William Horner, Eliz- 
abeth Horner, Nancy Pentley, John Darby, Catharine 
Darby, Elizabeth Smith, Mary Wilson, Jane Wilson, John 
Wilson. Betsy Larimore, George Guin, Elizabeth Baldwin, 
John MoClanahali, Ann McClanahan, James McCalester, 
James McCali. tor, Jr., Mary McCalister, Alexander Me- 
Calisler, James Mcllhenny, Maria Mcllhenny, Sally Mc- 
Ilhenny, Robert McKinney, Susanna McKinncy, Esther 
McKinnev, James Smith, Jane Loneuell, Sally Jamison, 
Miss Jamison, Kilty (colored), Jaeli (colored). 

The following is a list of the persons subscribing to 
the pastor's salary in the year 1817 : 

Adair, John. Gait, Matthew. 

Adair, Samuel. Guin. George. 

Alison, Francis. Gait, Moses. 

Gillilaud, John. 

Guin, Andrew." 

Gordin, Mary. 

Horner, Alexander. - 

Hill, Hannah. 

Hunter, Joseph. 

Horner, William. 

Horner, Andrew. 

Horner, John. 

Hunter, John. 

Heagy, Philip. 

Hays, Joseph. 

Hunter, Susanna. 

MeAHstcr, Jame: 

MeKaleb, John. 
McKalip, John. 
McCune, Thomas 
Mcllvanc, Moses 
Major, Robert. 
McKinney, John 
McCune, Thomai 
Mcllhenny, Johi 
McCrea, Elizabel 
McCrea, Thomsoi 
Musgrove, Saruui 
Mcllhenny, Jam 
Paxton, William 
Pax ton, Thomas. 
Paxton, Margare 
Ross, James. 
Robinson, Rober 
Reed, Francis. 

Stevenson, William. 
Shoemaker, William 
Snyder, Nicholas. 
Shaw, Hugh. 
Six, George. 
Sink, George. 
Smith. Obadiah. 
Shoemaker, Abmhr.i 
Stevenson, James. 
Thomson, John. 
Thomson, Samuel. 
Thomson, Robert. 
Thomson, Hugh. 
Wilson, William. 
Walker, Mary. 
Walker, William. 
Wilson, Charles, Jr. 
Wharton, James. 
Wecms, Fanny. 
Walker, Andrew. 



'as born in Taneytown 
?eb. 28, 1837. He was 

Alexander, William 
Armstrong, Isaac. 
Barr, James.. 
Breckinridge, Willis 
Black, James. 
Birnie, Clotworthy. 
Baldwin, Daniel. 
Beard, William. 
Breckinridge, Wide 
Brannon, Margaret. 
Cornall, Thomas. 
Comal), William. 
Crabbs, John. 
Currcns, Elijah. 
Currens, William. 
Cornall, Jesse. 
Cornall, Smith. 
Clingan, Archibald. 
Clingan, William. 
Crabater, John. 
Crabster, John, Jr. 
Darby, John. 
Dorborrow. Isaac. 
Drnmmond, James. 
Ferguson, John. 
Ferguson, William. 
Gall, John. 

Heagy, George. 
Jamison, AVidow. 
Jamison, John. 

Jones, John. 
Linn, James. 
Linn, Samuel. 
Love, Robert. 
Leech, Robert. 
Linah, Abraham 
Larimore, Thorn! 
Linn, Samuel, Jr 

Smith, James. 

Rev. Sterling M. 
District, Carroll Co., 
! the son of Sterling; Gait, a wealthy and influential 
\ citizen of the county and a descendant of one of the 
\ oldest settlers. He entered Princeton College, and 
' pursued a thorough course of study both in the aca- 
j domic and theological departments. He was licensed 
j to preach by the Presbytery of New Brunswick in 
j 1861. He began his ministrations at Newark and 
j Pod Clay Creek, Del., within the bounds of the 
j Presbytery of New Castle, where he was ordained in 
1S62 and installed pastor of these churches. After 
■ three years of incessant labor in this his ODPj charge, 
. he fell a victim to typhoid fever, Oct. 2-1, 1865. 

Piuey Creek has done her share to replenish the 
j ministerial ranks. John W. Smith was the only son 
of Stephen and Fiances Smith. He entered him- 
self as a student of Pennsylvania College, at Gettys- 
burg, and studied at the same time for the Presby- 
terian ministry. He was a young man of talent, and 
gave promise of eminent usefulness, but was taken off 
by disease, May 26, 1872, in the twentieth year of 
his year. The inscription upon his tombstu'ie in 
Piuey Creek graveyard tells that " he was a candidate 
for the ministry." 

Rev. James Grier Breckinridge, son of Robert and 
Mary Grier Breckinridge, and brother of Mrs. Ma- 
tilda Allison, of Emmittsburg, was born in Carroll 
County, Md., May 30, 1808. His parents were mem- 
bers of the Piney Creek Church. His mother was u 
j daughter of Rev. James Grier, a convert of White- 
I field, and pastor of the Peep Run Church, Buck3 
1 County, Pa., from 1776 to 1791. Mr. Breckiuridge 
! received his collegiate education tit Dickinson College, 
| studied theology at Princeton, and was licensed by the 
I Presbytery of Carlisle. In the autumn of 1831 he 



assisted in protracted services hold at Bedford, Pa., 
after wliicli lie supplied the Bedford Church for some 
mouths. I" May, 1833, a colony of thirty members 
from this coogregation formed a new church at 
Schcllsburg, of which Mr. Breckinridge became the 
first pastor. Accompanied by his wife he attended 
the sessions of the Carlisle Presbytery, at Chambers- 
burg, iu October, 1833. After the adjournment they 
visited their relatives in Carroll County, Md., and 
while there were prostrated by an attack of typhoid 
fever, from which neither of them recovered. Mr. 
Breckinridge died Nov. 1, 1833, when but twenty- 
six years of age, and Mrs. Breckinridge cm the 19th 
of (lie same month, aged thirty years. They were 
both buried in the graveyard of Piney Creek Church. 
John Motter Annan, the son of Dr. Andrew and 

K'izabeth Motier Annan, 

born in Emmittsburs 

Md., March 17, 1811. Early in life he exhibited a 
derided predilection for the church, and with a view 
to prepare for the ministry entered Lafayette College 

7, 1859. At the bivakiii'j out of the. civil war 

he left school and joined the Union army, enlisting in 
Company C, First Regiment of the Potomac Home 
Brigade, Maiyland Cavalry, Capt. John Horner, of 
which company he was chosen first lieutenant. While 
ut Cam]) Thomas, Frederick, Md., before the company 
had been in active service, he was accidentally killed 
by the discharge of a carbine in the hands of a soldier 
with whom he was conversing, Nov. 13, 1861. lie 
was a young man of some talent, and possessed of 
moral qualities which would have made themselves 
felt in the community had he lived and carried out 
his original intentions. 

The pastors of the Piney Creek Church have 
been : 

1703-70, vacant, with occasional supplies; 1771-70, Rev. Jo- 
seph Rhea; 1776-SO, vacant, with occasional supplies; 
178U-S9, Rev. James Martin; 1789-1800, vacant, with oc- 
casional supplies; 1801-10, Rev. Patrick Davidson; 1811- 
18, vacant, with occasional supplies; 1814-66, Rev. Rob- 
art S. Grier; 1800-73, Rev. Isaac M. Patterson; 1873, 
Rev. William Simonton. 

Taneytown is the oldest village in Carroll County. 
It was laid out about the year 1750 by Frederick 
Taney, who came from Calvert County, Md. It is 
situated on the main road from Frederick to York, 
"a., and prior to the Revolutionary war, and for many 
years afterwards, was the principal thoroughfare be- 
l »'een the North and South. Frederick Taney, the 
founder of the town, was a member of the family of 
'"-•ger B. Taney, the late eminent chief justice of 
l! '>' Supreme Court of the United States, whose 
remains now repose in a cemetery in Frederick after 

a grand but stormy career, in which heroic devotion 
to duty and extraordinary judicial acumen were so 
faithfully illustrated that his bitterest enemies have 
united to do justice to his memory. The ancestors of 
Frederick Taney were among the earliest settlers in 
the province of Maryland, and were large landed pro- 
prietors in Calvert County for many generations before 
his birth. Raphael Taney, in conjunction with. Ed- 
ward Digges, patented a tract, of seven thousand nine 
buudred acres of land in this vicinity in 1754, hut 
the Taney estate passed into other hands many years 
ago. The Good family succeeded by purchase to 
Taneytown. The land eventually fell into the hands 
of an old bachelor named Taney, who was a hard 
drinker. When not in his cups lie was crusty and 
disagreeable, and could not be brought to entertain a 
proposition for the disposal of his property. Certain 
parties familiar with his habits, and anxious to secure 
the land, probably for speculative purposes, plied him 
with liquor, and when reduced to the convenient stale 
of intoxication induced him to sign the papers which 
conveyed away his property. From the Good family 
the property descended by inheritance to the Gwinns, 
and from then), by sale and otherwise, to John Mc- 
Caleb, the most extensive owner, Crouse, McKellip, 
Swope, Knox, Biinie, Rudisel, Hess, Null, Gait, and 
other families, until to-day there are but few acres 
within a radius of several miles around (he town 
owned by parties bearing the names of those who were 
the proprietors sixscore years ago. Exception must be 
noted in the case of Sterling Gait. His estate has been 
the homestead of the family for one hundred and 
thirty-five years. In the original plan of Taneytown 
it was intended that a public square should be placed 
at the intersection of York Street and the Emmitts- 
burg pike, now known as Bunker Hill, but the idea, 
an excellent one, was never carried out. 

On a lot at the southeast angle of the intersection 
above mentioned, and directly opposite the residence 
of John Reindollar, stood the oldest house in the 
village, supposed to have been built one hundred and 
forty-five years ago. When Peter Heck was a boy, 
in 1799, it was a very old house. It was owned by 
Mrs. Margaret Angel, and in 1876 it was taken down. 
In the latter part of the eighteenth century there 
stood on or uear what is now the lime-kiln in Taney- 
town a long, low frame building, in which were manu- 
factured, by a Mr. Sroyer, such implements as fire- 
shovels, tongs, hoes, nails, and guns. The venerable 
Mrs. Elizabeth Thompson has in her possession a 
heavy pair of tongs made at this primitive factory, on 
which is inscribed the date of manufacture, 1 790. 
The establishment was under the supervision of the 


government, or at lea~t that portion which embraced 
the manufacture of firearms, ati'l was annually visited 
and inspected by government officials. Tlie machinery 
■was very crude and simple. Instead of the belts, 
pulleys, emery-wheels, and ordinary appurtenances of 
a modern factory, regulated by steam, and by means 
of ■which a gun-barrel or other iron implements can be 
polished in a few moments, the only contrivance then 
known and user] was a huge grindstone turned by an 
old hor^e. With these limited facilities, however, 
many guns were made for the government. The fac- 
tory burned down early in the present century, and 
was never rebuilt, the government factory having been 
subsequently transferred to Harper's Ferry. Va. 

Taneytown, situated on the great highway of travel 
between the North and South, doubtless witnessed 
more of the conflict between Tory and Federal parti- 
sans than has been recorded or remembered. On 
more than one occasion the British and their allies 
rendezvoused at the head-waters of the Elk, in Cecil 
County, and sent, out marauding parties, who ravaged 
the country and committed many outrages which time 
has suffered to lapse into oblivion. It would be 
strange, indeed, if in some of their laids the} - had 
not directed their energies against the rich country 
now forming Carroll County, and the road passing 
through Taneytown offered inducements of no ordi- 
nary nature to the baser class of army followers. 
The most annoying feature of these raids must have 
been the idiotic search made for prominent patriots. 
Houses were eutered, the inmates insulted, and the 
furniture ransacked and broken to pieces. The late 
■Mrs. Elizabeth Gait, whose death occurred some thirty- 
five years ago, was wout to exhibit with pride to 
interested visitors several bed-quilts which in " the 
days that tried men's souls" had been perforated by 
the swords or bayonets of the soldiers in search of 
some victim. The fires of patriotism burned very 
brightly iu the vicinity of Taneytown, aud Tories 
were seldom rash enough to brave the anger of the 
people by an open expression of their sentiments. 

'. The martial spirit pervaded the neighborhood. A 
company of light horse was organized here, of which 
the father of Mrs. Elizabeth Thompson, an old and 

i highly esteemed resident, was a member. They were 
accustomed to assemble for drill at stated times iu full 
regimentals in what is now known as <: the race-ground 

. field," a short distance east, of the village. As the 
country had need of every soldier that could be spared 
from the ordinary avocations of life, it is probable 
that this company took the field early in the struggle 
aud combated gallantly for the rights of the people. 

■ On one occasion during the Revolution Gen. Wash- 

ington, accompanied by his wife, halted in Taneytown 
on his way North to join the army, and remained 
there overnight. The log house, since then covered 
in with a casement of brick, still stands where the 
general and his wife passed the night. It is the 
building on Frederick Street now owned and occupied 
by Ephraim Hackensmith, but at that time kept 
as a tavern by Adam Good. Many old citizens re- 
member the quaint sign which hung above the door, 
aud whose creaking of a chill winter's night, accom- 
panied by tii' shrill blasts of wind, filled the souls of 
the small fry with awe and dread, suggesting ghosts 
and hobgobblins to their impressionable minds. It 
is related of Washington that when asked what, he 
would have for supper he replied " mush and milk," 
and Mrs. Washington having some leisure moments 
during the evening, drew from her reticule an unfin- 
ished stocking and began to knit. After the death of 
Adam Good, the proprietor of the inn where the dis- 
tinguished guests wore entertained, his furniture was 
sold at auction, and Matthew Gait, the father of Ster- 
ling Gait, purchased the table upon winch the very 
modest supper was served to Gen. Washington and 
his wife. It has since then passed through a number 
of bauds iii the same family, and is now the property 
of John McKellip. 

As far as is known there aie no other existii g relii 
or vestiges of colonial times, save the almost undis- 
tinguishablc remains of an old burial-ground about a 
mile and a half southwest of the village, in the w iods, 
on the farm of William Brubaker. The only stone 
remaining upon which characters can be traced is one 
bearing the date 1764. Mr. Brubaker has a stone 
taken from there on which is inscribed the date 1701. 
Inasmuch as the oldest inhabitants have no knowl- 
edge of those buried there, aud that there has been no 
mention made of the spot for several successive gen- 
erations, it is inferred that the pioneers of this section, 
persons who penetrated the wilderness before the ad- 
vent of Taney or the building of Taneytown, were 
laid to rest in this spot of ground, and that many 
friendly Indians are peacefully sleeping their last sleep 
in company with their white brethren. The tribes of 
Indians scattered through this region in early days 
were on the most friendly terms with the whites, and 
tradition tells of a friendly contest in marksmanship 
which took place many years before the Revolu- 
tion between the whites and Indians in the vicinity 
of Taneytown. There were excellent marksmen on 
both sides, and the struggle was prolonged until all 
the lead was u=ed up. An Indian offer.,' li bring 
I them within an hour an abundance of lead if they 
■ would provide a conveyance. He was furnished with 



, fl, ,i horso. and the 1mm had scarcely expired when 
1. returned, bringing with him a huge lump of crude 
j, a d. Where he got it has always been a mystery. 
_\t the time efforts were made to induce the Indians 
to reveal the whereabouts of this lead-mine, hut the 
red men were too wary for the whites, and no expe- 
dient could draw from them a disclosure of their 
secret. This vein of lead is popularly supposed to lie 
somewhere near Motioeacy Creek, but repeated at- 
tempts have beeu made to discover it without success. 

During the war of 181!' a company of volunteers 
was organized in Taneytown, and commanded by 
Capt. Knox aud Lieut. Gall, and forty men responded 
to the call of the United States government, during 
the war between the North and South, some of whom 
laid down (heir lives in defense of the Union. 

In 183(5 an act was passed by the General Assembly 
of Maryland incorporating the inhabitants of Taney- 
town, aud prescribing the following metes and hounds 
for (he municipality: Beginning at the southwest 
corner of lot number one, at the public square of the 
town : thence in a straight line to a stone planted at 
the fork of the road leading from Taneytown to 'West- 
minster and Uniontown ; thence a straight line to a 
branch where it. crosses the main road leading from 
Taneytown to Fredericktown, at Ludwick Rudisel's 
tan-yard, and down the bed of said branch to its in- 
tersection with Spark's Hun ; thence in a straight 
line to Piney Run, where said run crosses the main 
road leading from Taneytown to Gettysburg ; thence by 
a str: ight line to a spring run, where said run crosses 
the main road leading from Taneytown to Littlestown, 
where said run passes into John MeKaleb's meadow ; 
thence in a straight line to a stone planted at the fork 
of the roads leading from Taneytown to Westminster 
and Unioutown ; thence in a straight line to the place 
of beginning. And that the taxable limits of the said 
town shall be as follows : including all that part of the 
town now improved, or which the citizens may at any 
time hereafter improve. 

In 1S38 another act of Assembly was passed sup- 
plementary to the above, and changing somewhat the 
boundaries of the town, but as both of the acts were 
allowed to expire by limitation it is not necessary to 
give the latter here. The village is accredited by the 
census of 1880 with a population of five hundred and 

Tire Reformed. Church was among the firsi places 
of worship established in Taneytown. There are no 
records preserved of a date prior to 1770. In that 
Year Rev. W. Faber accepted the pastorate, and re- 
mained in charge of the church until 1785. The next 
pastor was (rid Air. Nicodemus, who was deaf as a post. 

Me ministered to the spiritual wants of the congrega- 
tion between J 790 and 1800. His successor was Rev. 
W. Rabauser, a young man who remained but a short 
time. He was followed by Itev. W. Runkle, who 
came from Gcrmantown, Pa., and is reputed to have 
; been an excellent preacher. He did not stay longer 
than one year. The congregation at that time num- 
bered about six hundred members. Father Greeves 
succeeded Mr. Runkle. He remained several years, 
and was then called to Woodstock, \ r a. Jacob Hel- 
fenstein succeeded him, and was noted for his zeal and 
anxious-bench system. Rev. W. Aurand followed, 
and created some difficulty about his salary, which is 
still remembered in the neighborhood. Father Greeves 
was recalled, and remained in charge of the congrega- 
tion until his death, leaving a good name behind him. 

■ The church was now vacant for some time. Rev. N. 
Habbert, of the Prcsbyteria.ii denomination, was sub- 
sequently called, and promised to council himself with 
the German Reformed Church, but never did. At 
this time Rev. W. Leidy officiated, and preaehed in 
the German language. He is said to have been 
very eccentric. During this period the congregation 

i thinned out. considerably. After the departure of Mr. 
Leidy the charge, was vacant until Rev. W. lleiuer 
settled in Emmittsburg and took the church under his 
pastoral charge. In 1838, Rev. Daniel Felte took 
charge of the congregation, and served until June, 
1841. He was followed by Rev. J. G. Wolf, who 
retired from the charge June 1, 1850, and was suc- 
ceeded by Rev. Charles M. Jameson in February, 
1851. Mr. Jameson remained only a year, when 

I Rev. John G. Fritchey was called. He entered upon 
his duties April 1, 1852, and was installed pastor of 
the charge June 7, 1852, by a committee consisting 
of the following divines: William F. Collifiower, M. 
Shuford, and George Hughenhaugh. Rev. W. F. 
Collifiower preaehed the installation sermon. At a 
meeting in June, 1854, the number of elders was 
increased to four. 

At a joint consistorial meeting, held at Mount 
Union church on Nov. 28, 1864, Rev. John G. 

j Fritchey tendered his resignation, which after some 

■ consideration was accepted with a great deal of re- 
. luctance. A call was then extended to the Rev. N. 
1 E. Gibbs, of St. Clairsville, Bedford Co., Pa., who ac- 
cepted the same, and entered upon the pastoral work 

: in May, 1SG5. After two years he resigned the 
I charge to accept a call to Mechanicstown. In Sen- 
| tember, 1873, Rev. P. D. Long, of Navarre, Ohio, 
was called to the charge by a unanimous vote of the 
j congregation. He took charge of the church Nov. 
i 14, 1873, and was installed March 25, 1874, 



This congregation worshiped in die " OKI Yellow" ! 
Union cburcli until 1822. On Sept. 6, 1821, the j 
corner-stone of their present edifice was laid, the ser- 
mon and services being delivered by Rev. J. B. Wine- 
brenncr. Tiie estimated cost of their church was about 
three thousand five hundred dollars, the members nuiu- ! 
bering about two hundred at that time. The church 
has since been remodeled and repaired, and now 
presents a handsome appearance. Their parsonage, 
which is occupied by the present pastor, was built in 
184S. • The congregation numbers about two hundred 
members, and the officers are David Burlington, Win. 
Hough, Joshua Houtz, Abraham Shriner, elders; 
Thomas Shriner, Jonas Harner, James Shriner, j 
Michael N. Fringer, deacons; Abraham Hess, Wm. 
Fisher, Amerieus Shoemaker, and Toba Fringer, 

Among the persons buried in the German Reformed 
Cemetery arc the following: 

Elizabeth Blair, died Nov. 30, 1831, aged 14 years. 

John Shriner, born .March IS, 1790, died July 24, 1S7-I ; and 
Susannn, Lis wife, March 12, ISIS, aged 41) years. 

Rachel Newcomer, wife of Samuel, died Jan. 29, 1849, aged 
38 years, 10 months, 2 days. 

Lydia, daughter of J. Shriner, horn Dec. 20, JS37, died July 
6, 1S65. 

Sarah Clabaugb, aged 04. 

Jacob Clabaugh, aged 4S. 

John T., son of J. Harm, died Nov. 8, IS30, aged 2. 

Henry Harm, died Sept. 12, 1S12, aged 71. 

Elizabeth Hann, Hied June 10, 1S21, aged 71. 

John Hann. died June 10, 1830, aged 34. 

William Hanu, sou of J. Hann, died Oct.' 3, 1835, aged 20. 


A I 


iin, die.'. 

Sent. ] 1 

17S7, aged 27. 

A. Biga 



lied Ju.i 

2 23, 1819, aged 29. 





lied Feb 

21, 1821 

, uged 73 years 




died No 


SIS, aged 75. 

Susan E 


r, born January, 

731, died Septe 


. 1804. 

Philip Baemer, born 1729, died 1S06. 

Elizabeth Baemer, born Sept. 2, 1779, died Nov. 1, 1S05. 

Elizabeth Baeincr, born Oct. 26, 1806, died Dee. 20, 1S0C. 

Catharine, wife of Jacob Hape, died Sept. 29, 1S3S. 

George Koons, born Jan. 21, 1790. died March 12, 1815. 

Matthias Hann, died Feb. 17, 1831, aged 92 years, 9 months. 

Mary Hann, died .March 29, 1S29, aged 72 years. 

Elizabeth Koons, died April 19, 1830, aged 35. 

John Fuss, died Feb. 4, 1826, aged 29 years, 2 months, 22 

Daniel Fuss, died July 29, 1S34, aged 47 years, 2 months, 9 

John Fuss, bom May 20, 1751, died Jan. 25, 1S36. 

John Crabb, died Feb. 11, 1S29, aged 62. 

Mary A. Fuss, died June 14, 1831, aged 38 years, 9 months, 
12 days. 

Catharine Fuss, died Sept. 20, 1S49, aged 62 years, 5 months, 
12 days. 

Mary, wife of John Fuss, died May 27, 1S40, aged SO years. 

Elizabeth, consort of J. If. Hays, died Jan. 4, 1S46, aged 39. 

James Slick, died Dec. 22,1514, aged 33 years, 10 days. 

Nicholas Fringer, born Aug. 27, 1751, died July 12, 1840. 

Margaret Fringer, died Aitf. 12, 1S50, aged SO. 

George Fringer, died Oct. 20, 1846, aged 43 years, 10 months, 
20 days. 

Wilhclm Mick, .lied .March 2o. 1804, aged 40 years. 

Bebeeca Homer, died 1S00. 

W. Hiucr, died April 8, 1S01, aged 32. 
. .Mary Diner, died Dec. 15. 1S0S, aged 61. 

Herbert lliner, died Oct. 16, ISOfi, aged 05. 

Henry Koontz, of John, die) July 30, 1325, aged 50 years. 6 
months, S days; and Margaret, bis wife, Jan'. 27, 1S35, aged ".2 
years, 7 months. 

Peter Shriner, born Oct. 25, 1767, died Aug. 5. 1861, 

Mary Shriner, born Aug. P, 1773, died March 17, 1SI1. 

Co! Munshowcr, horn March, 1737, died in 1792. 

Nicholas Munshowcr, bom 1743. died Oct. 1, 1S14. 

Conrad OrndorU", born Sept. 16, 1722, died Nov. 20, 1795. 

Mary B. Shriner, born Aug. 9, 1770, died Sep:. 1, !S25. 

Henry Shriner, born Feb. 15, 1763, died April 11, 1S35. 

William Otto, died Dec. 20, 1806, aged 01 years, 2 months. 

E. Burke, I860. 

John Kehu, died March 9, 1868, aged SO years. 6 months. 27 

Louis Roindollar, died Jan. 10, ISIS, aged 07 years, S 

Henry Roindollar, died July 7. 1830, aged 51 years. 

Rebecca Starr, died May S, 1831, aged 21 years, 3 months, 1 

Elizabeth McKellip, wife of James, and daughter of H. 
Roindollar, Sept. 2, 1851, aged 2 1. 

James Reiudollar, died April S, 1S25, aged 22. 

John Kraus, born 1737, died 1777. 

Joseph Crouse, died May 1, 1850, aged 52 yea,-, 11 mouth-; 
Elizabeth, his wife, died Oct. 20, 1850, aged 52 years, 2 months. 

George Krabbs, died March 27, 1S10, aged 66. 

John Six, died May 15, IS69, uged 79 year-, 9 days j and 
Sarah A.j bit wife, born March 11, 1809, died March 20, IS74. 

Catharine Heagy, died March S, 1S52, aged 42 years, 6 


died Oct. 15, 13.37, a S 
lied Jan. 25, 1S31, age 

■iths, IS 

IS ye 

Samuel Heagy, 

George Iveefer, i 

Joseph Shanor, died Aug. 21, 1SS0, aged 79. 

David Fleagle, died Jan. 4, 1S65, aged 7 9 years 

Margaret, his wife, died Sept. 12, 1844, age 
months, 22 days. 

Benjamin Koons, died May 1 !, 1851, aged 41 years; 1 month, 
10 days. 

Polly Frock, born Oct. 9, 1817, died March 15, 1 335. 

Philip Frock, born June 14, 1S13, died April 10, 1S63. 

Daniel Frock, born June 30, 1777, died May 30, If 57. 

Elizabeth, his wire, born Feb. 9, 1779, died May 22, 1S57. 

John Frock, born Dec. IS, 1 S01, died May 14, 135S ; and Mary, 
his wife, Aug. 5, 1S75, aged OS j cars. 

Ann, wife of J. Shancr, born Oct. 25, 1S05, died March 20, 

Abraham Haugh, died Oct. 17, 1S35, aged 18 years, 5 months, 
IS days. 

Paul Haugh, Jr., died June 15, 1819, aged 1 year. 

Josiah Haugh, died March 13, I 329, aged Is. 

Susannah, consort of John Orapster, biro July I, 17<'.o, died 
June 23, 1855. 

Walter O'Nea, died June 27, IS27,aged 3 .' years, C months. 

Margaret Wilt, died Nov. 23, IS69, aged 58 year?, 6 months, 
25 days. 


s 1 1 

j.,hii Went, died Sept. 11. 1S5S, aged SI years. 

Catharine-, his wife, died Auj. 20, 185.1, aged "I years. 

.1 .. ;, Weant, died July 25, IS50,aged 44 years. 

p,. ■., OrndoriT, died Jan. 16,184", nged 5S years, 5 months, 14 
a,v- : and Elizabeth, his wife, died Nov. 20, 1851, aged 69years, 
t months, 20 days. 

Henry Riser, died June 30, 1850, aged 4 7 years, 19 days. 

Pboebc, his wife, died Oct. 27, 1870, aged 65 years, S months, 
11 days. 

Mary Heiner, bom May 28,1793, died May 17, 1837. 

John Cover, born 179S, died 1804 ; and Susan, his wife, Oet. 3, 
J87G, aged 7S. 

Peter Ridiuger, born Oet. 28, 1793, died .May 11, 1S42. 

Henry Keefcr, died Aug. 30, I84-S, aged 35 years, S months, 
2- days. 

Christiana Koons, died June 23, 1841, aged 33 years, 4 
months, 23 days. 

Jncb Koons, died May 22, 1S79, aged 68 years, ft mouths, 
21 days ; and Elizabeth, his wife, March 2S, 1861, aged 47 years, 
1 months. 

Catharine, wife of Jacob Koons, Sr., died Feb. 1ft, 1S4R, aged 
69 years, 11 months, 19 clays. 

Jacob Koons, Sr., died Dee. 31, 1845, aged 68 years, 1 month, 

Margaret, wife of Jacob Koons, Jr , died J une S. ISIS, nged 39. 

Thomas Kecfer, born Jan. S, 1797, died aged 53 years, 4 
months, 2!) days. 

Ephreiani Koons, died Oct. 14, 1S56, aged 42 years. 

Rev. John Lanlz, pastor of the German Reformed Church, died 
Jan. 20, 187", aged 62. 

Daniel Sell, died Nov. 19, 1874. nged '.'(I years, 10 months, 10 

Mary, his wife, died Feb. 2S, 7 874, aged 8ft years, 20 day,. 

Samuel Longwell, Sr., died Aug. 24, 1854, aged SO years, 

ithe, 1ft days; and Margaret, his wife, Jan. 1, 1845, aged 

f'S year.-, 3 months. 

Joseph Bargar, Sr., died .lone 17, 184;', aged Oft. 

Robert Arthur, died Feb. 2::, 1S69, aged 88. 

Agnes Arthur, died .March 11, 18 10, aged 04. 

Paul Haugh, Sr., died March 5, 1847, aged 07 years, 1 month, 

16 days. 

Elizabeth Rech, died Dee. 25,1845, aged 55 years, months, 

17 days. 

Abraham Hiteshew, born March 23, 1789, died Aug. 1, 1873. 

Catharine, bis wife, died April 3, 185S,ag'ed 69. 

Henry Koons. horn Jan. 18, 1789. died Dee. 2ft. 1S53. 

Emily Koons, died April 2, 1807, aged 39 years, 11 months, 
IS days. 

Jacob Keefcr, born March 2S, 1780, died Sept. 2S, ISftft. 

Catharine Keefer, died March 29, 1859, aged 6S years, 6 
months, 15 days. 

Isaac Newcomcr,dicd April 10, 1S70, aged 55 years, 5 months, 
23 days. 

Jacob Newcomer, died Jan. 5, 1809, aged 04 years, 8 months, 
5 days. 

George Crabbs, Sr., died Jan. 6, 1S59, aged 05 years, 10 
mouths, 16 days. 

"ugh Thomson, died Dee. IS. 1852, aged 68. 

Nicholas Snider, born May 9, 1780, died June 11, 1856. 

Margaret, his wife, died July 20, 1805, aged 30 years. 

Ann, wife of George Shriller, died July 16, 185.1, aged 72 

Elizabeth, wife of John Slogenhaupt, died March 18, 1805, 
■■■■>'•- years, 2 mouths, 23 days. 

Elijah Flcagle, died March 19, 1871, aged 50 years, 4 months, 

Mary A., his second wife, died Oct. 17, 1854, aged 27 years 
month, 1 1 days. 

Francis Slick, died Feb. S, 1857, aged 63. 

Magdalena Slick, born Nov. 20, 1790, died April C, 1853. 

John Flcagle, died Dec. 24, 1873, aged 9.1 years, 2 mont 
15 days. 

Susanna Flcagle, died April. 23, 1851, aged 70 years, 2 moot 



no) W 

led July 1, ISIS, aged 75 years, 7 montl 

Barbara Newcomer, died March 0, 1853, aged 7ft years. 

John Henry, son of J. and ]:. Odor, born Feb. 10, 1843, died 
April 30, 1802, "of typhoid fever, whilst a volunteer in the 
defense of his country's honor." 

Jacob, son of J. and B. Oekcr, "killed on .Maryland Heights 
by an explosion, June 30, 1S63," .aged 21 years, 10 months, 2S 
days. "He was beloved by his officers and companions, and 
was a faithful and obedient. c on to a widowed mother." 

Mary Wilson, died May 10, 180 I, aged 78. 

Michael Olt, born Oct. 10, 179.1, died May 20, 1872. 

.Mary, his wile, born Dec. 12, 1790, died Oet. 10, 1871. 

Isabella G. Reaver, died March 11, 1880, aged. 45 years, 7 

Lewis Mans, born Nov. .8, 1777, died Sept. 20, 1820. """ 

"D. M.," died 1817. 

Daniel Ilaun, born Sept. 9, 1802. died Jan. 30, 1877; Mag- 
dalena, bis wile, born Oct. 9, 1S01, died March 25, 1877. 

Wm. Shaner, born Feb. 2, 1798, died Juno 10, 1S50; Ros- 
anna Shaner, died Feb. 12, 1S6S, aged 07 years, 10 months, IS 

Henry llincr, born Jan. 28, 1836, died Oet. 23, 1875. 

Eleanor Fluegal, died March 31, 1839, aged 13 years, 2 
months, 13 days. Sarah, wife of John Stockslayer, born July 
22, 1795, died June 13, 1805. 

Mary Hawn, died Dec. 19, 1872, at an old age. 

Henry Hawn, born Dec. 10, 17S1, died Jan. 25, 1S07; Anna 
M., his wife, died Aug. 9, 1S59, aged 04 years, 7 months, 6 days. 

Matthias Hawn. born Feb. 20, 1794, died April I, 1S5S. 

Jacob Hawn, born Nov. 0, 17S5, died May 25, IS7S. 

Elizabeth, wife of Samuel Hough, died March 20, 1S77, aged 
50 years, 9 months, 27 days. 

Reuben Stoncsifer, died Dec. 1, 1870, aged 52 years, 8 months, 
1 6 days. 

Elizabeth Tracy, died Aug. 7, 187S, aged 90. 

John Angel, died April 10, 1S72, aged 72 years, ft months, 
9 days. 

Magdalena Angel, died Feb. IS, 18.80, aged 42 yea. ,-, .': nths, 

21 days. 

Elizabeth Angel, wife of John A., Sr., died Jan. IS, 1864, 
aged 64 years, 7 months, 22 days. 

Elizabeth, wife of Samuel Hough, died March 26, 1S77, aged 
50 years, 9 months, 27 days. 

Harvey T., son of S. and M. Null, who fell at Loudon Heights, 
Jan. 10, 1801. aged 21 years. I mouths, 2ft days. 

"Sweet be the slumbers of him who fell for his country fight- 
ing for liberty and law." 

Jacob Shriuer, born Jan. 5, 1800, died April 1.1. 1874 ; Cath- 
arine, his wife, died Feb. 0, 1S6S, aged 63 years, 9 mos., 23 days. 

Mary Ann Stultz. died Aug. 4, 1879, aged 5ft years, I months, 
19 days. 

Ann Stultz. born Jan. 31, 1804, died Jan. 28, 1875. 

Samuel F. Stultz, born Seid. 20, 1835, died Aug. 10, 1S70. 

Maria Smith, died Feb. 13, 1S71, aged 37 years. 

Eli Sowers, born Jan. 6, 1805', died Xov. 3, 1878; Elizabeth, 
his wife, and daughter of Peter Shriner, died Sept. 16, 1.S3S, 
aged 64 years, 8 months, 22 days. 


Win. Newcomer, died Jan. 10, 1872, aged 40. 

Henry Peters, died Deo. i, 1S72, aged 63 years, 1 month, 2S 

Samuel Newcomer, born Oct. 30, 1807, died April 19, 1S77; 
Fiances, liis wife, bom .July 16, ISO;, died Feb. 11, 1678. 

Philip Hann, burn Oct. 22, 1777, died Doc. 31, 1SC3; Eliza- 
beth, his (vifo, died March 10, 1860, aged 7S years, 10 days. 

Philip W. Hann, died April 8, 1807, aged 07 years; Susan- 
nah, his wife, died March 29, 1864, aged 78 years. 

Frederick Dotterea, died Aug. 25, 1854, aged CO years, 1 
month, 5 days. 

Lydia, wife of John Shoemaker, born Aug. 14, 1798, died 
Feb. 15, 1867. 

Esther ShoemaJter, died Nov. 20, 1861, aged 86 years, 1 month, 
15 days. 

Joseph Shoemaker, died March 2S, 1803, aged 57 years, 2 
mouths, 1 day. 

John Davidson, born May 12, 1795, died Dec. 23, 1S73; Mar- 
garet, bis wife, born July 11, 1793, died March 30, 1S72. 

Maria. E., wife of George Baird, died Nov. 3, 1807, aged 72 
years, 12 days. 

Frederick Crabbs, died Oct. 3, 1861, aged 62 years, i months, 
23 days; Matilda, his wife, died Jan. 13, 1878, aged 79 years, 
7 months, S days. 

George W. McConkey, bom Sept. 20, 1799, died June 30, 
1880; Elua, his wife, died Deo. 27, 1870, aged 71. 

Jesse Heck, born -March 3, 1807, died Sept. 4, I860. 

James Grouse, died March 27, 1868, aged 68. 

Elizabeth Crousc, died Tub. 1 1, 1877, aged 68. 

Barbara, wifo of George Crisc, died Nov. 5, 1873, aged 82 
years, 4 mouths, 12 days. 

Sarah, wife of James Heck, died March 28, 1S72, aged 63 
years, 3 months, 3 days. 

Susanna, wife of Philip Shriner, died Aug. 10, 1803, aged 
83 years, 10 months, 27 days. 

John Koons, died March 0, 1809, aged 51 years, 11 months, 

15 days. 

John Kuhns, died May 12, 1875, aged 58 years, 7 months, 2 
days; Lovey, his wife, died Feb. 8, lSi'.S, aged 39 years, 11 
months, 22 days. 

Michael Fringer, died July 12, 1879, aged 72 years, mouths, 

16 days. 

Nicholas Fringer, born Dec. 20, 179S, died Sept. 2, 1809. 

Israel Hiteshue, born Deo. 1, 1803, died Sept. 13, 1850. 

Gideon Hiteshue, died April 9, 1865, aged 71 years; Mary 
Ann, his wife, died June 26, 1S79, aged 70 years, 8 months, 19 

Margaret Arthur, died July 22, 1870, aged 50 years, 4 months, 
10 days. 

Adam Tobias Hokensmith, died Oct. 27, 1865, aged 35 years, 
7 months, 11 days. 

George Crabbs, died Jan. 6, 1S59, aged 05 years, 10 months, 
16 days. 

Joljn Shoemaker, bom March 11, 1822, died Feb. 2, 1878. 

Catharine Buffington, aged 44: years, 5 months, 11 days. 

John M. Cover, died Jan. 9, 1877, aged 10 years, 3 mouths, 
14 days. 

J. B. Harmish, died Feb. 23, 1879, aged 49 years, 6 months, 
26 nays. 

Lutheran Church. — This congregation was organ- 
ized about the year 17S0. They worshiped in the 
"•Old Yellow" church, a structure weather-boarded and 
painted yellow, which was situated on the graveyard 
lot. No regular pastor was employed, but Dr. Mel- 

! sheimer and Dr. Runkel, from Gettysburg, delivered 
l sermons to the congregation occasionally in German. 
! About the year 1S00 the congregation removed to the. 
church they now occupy. Rev. John Grubb was ihe 
regular pastor in 1815 and lor some time before, 
and it was he that first introduced English preaeh- 
| ing. About the year 1817 be nearly made a failure, 
j owing to his not being familiar with the language, 
i He would open his sermon in English, and in bis 
j efforts to convey an idea in that language would be- 
| conic confused and finish bis expression in German. 
Rev. John N. Hoffman succeeded Mr. Grubb, and 
i was the first regular English pastor, lie continued 
in this charge for some years, and was followed by 
Rev. Ezra Keller, who upon resigning bis position 
\ after some years' services was appointed a professor of 
; the Wurtemburg College, Springfield, Ohio. Rev. 
! Solomon Sentmen was their next pastor, and continued 
| for seventeen years and a half to attend to the duties 
| of the church. He was succeeded by Rev. Levi T. 
Williams, who occupied the pulpit about seven years. 
Rev. Bertgresser followed him, and was succeeded by 
Rev. Williams, whose failing health compelled his 
resignation, and Rev. W. H. Luckeubach was his suc- 
cessor. In 1878 their present pastor, Samuel G. 
Finckel, was called to the church. Tire salary of the 
pastors was always paid by voluntary subscriptions up 
to the new organization of the congregation and the 
remodeling of the church, since when the salary has 
been raised by assessment, each member paying ac- 
cording to his wealth or wcirth. The present officers 
are Samuel Shriner, Jacob Sherratts, elders; Charles 
Hess, Daniel Null, Jacob Mehring, William Gluts, 
deacons; Dr. George T. Mutter, John Reindoilar, 
David Mehring, John Rentier, Elijah Gurrans, Dr. 
Samuel Swope, trustees. The congregation numbers 
between four and five hundred members, and possesses 
a fine and substantial parsonage. 

The following names of persons buried in the 
Lutheran Cemetery arc given : 

;d Aug. 29, 1868; lit 
60 years, 6 months, : 

Jacob Snider, born Oct. 15, 
tcr, his wile, died Nov. 9, IS; 

George Snider, died Aug. 29, 1871, aged 74 years, 7 uion: 
14 days. 

Levi Snider, died May 24, 1874, aged 39 years, 6 mouths, 

Sarah, wife of J. Angel!, died Feb. 23, 1871, aged 62 yea 
1 month, 25 days. 

Elizabeth Norris, bom Aug. 20, 1820, died July 1, 1870. 

Jacob ClutL-, died Sept. 4, 1870, age 1 60 years, 7 months, 
days; Kosanna, his wife, died Dec. 2), 1370, nged 05 years 
months, 13 days. 

Wm. Reaver, died March 31. 1871, aged 58 years, 11 montl 
12 days. 



v A., wife of Daniel Null, died Feb. 1, ] 

'.( months, 25 day?. 

id Kcphart, died Jan. 22, 1874, aged 77 yc 

77, aged 43 

Susan, 'lis wife, died April IS, 1872, aged 70 .years, 8 months. 

Samuel, d-cd May 31, iS71, aged CI years, 3 moulds, 
! days. 

George Rcifsnider, born April 22, ISO:;, died May M, 1869f 
Kharine, his wife, born Sept. 21, 1S07, died Deo. 1, 1S76. 

Panicl H. Rudolph, bora Oct. 5, 1821, dud Jan. 0, 1871. 

Amelia Jean, wife of Elijah Caucus, died April 20, 1SS0, 
ued 71 yea if, 9 months, 7 days. 

Parallel R. Hess, born March 17, 1823, died Sept. 12, 1S71. 

John Ucss.born Dec. 21, 1802, died March 22,1875; Bar- 
ani, consort of John Hess, born Aug. 30, 1S03, died April 3, 

John Baumgardner, bom Dee. 6, 1797, died Feb. 15, IS74. 
Dr. John Swope, died Sept. 3, 1S71, aged 74 years, 1 month. 
Daniel II. Swope, died April 19, 1S73, aged 64 years, 7 


r'mc, tvi 

e of John 

Keunor, died Jan. 

14, 1879, 



rears, 1 


, 21 days 


w Han 

er, born 

Tan. 2, 1 

SS, died 

March 1 

2, 18 

73 j 

Sarah, 1 

is wife, 

bom May 

, 1801, die 

lOct. 1, 


Jacob Sheets, 

died Jan. 

27. 1826, 

ged 65 y 

ears, 5 niu 




A soldier of the 

var of 17 

6. Enli 

led undo 

■ W 


ington o 

s ho pa- 

scd through Taneyt 


1 1 days 

ih Shoe 

-, died M 

ay 5, 1855 

, aged S 

years, 4 




died Nov 

. 11, 1806 

aged 76 

years, 4 


6 days. 

Elizabeth, wife of Wm. 

Koons, d 

ed June 

5, 1807, 



years, 3 


15 days. 


Null, d 

id Jan. 7 

IS] 2, age 

1 71. 


a Noel, 

<oi:. 174.0 

died Dec 

5, 1812. 


tine. Xu 

1, died N 

v. 21, 181 

3, aged 79. 


el Null, 

died Feb 

15, 1817, 

aged 70 

Anna M 



»ife, di 

J May 

0, ISIS, I 

ged SO. 


e! Null, 

born Nov 

. 5, 1770, 

lied Dec 

11, 1S50. 


dh Nil 

, boi n M 

ly 7, 177S 

died Oc 

. 19, 1S56 

lorn Jan. 12, 1799, died Af 
April 6, 1S49, aged 49. 
■d 79. 

16, 179S, aged 72 years, 11 

.Margaret Wolf, horn Aug. 4, 1799, died Dec. 5, 1821. 

Elizabeth Kcphart, died Juno 21), 1814, aged SO years, 4 
mouths, 12 days. 
. David Kephart, bom Nov. 17, 1729, died June 5, 1792. 

Margaret Kupliart, died Oct.. 15, 1852, aged 73. 

David Kephart, died Nov. 24, 1836, aged 74. - 

Joseph Davidson, died Aug. 15, 1801, aged 30 years, 6 

I'hinehas Davidson, died 
months, 20 days. 

Susan Davidson, died June 12, 1845, aged 64 years, 3 months. 

James Matthews, died Jan. 4, 1872, aged 74. 

Adam Black, died Dec. IS, ISIS, aged 74 years, 6 months. 

Margaret Black, born in 1752, died in 1773. 

John, sou of Lawrence and Hannah Dowers, died Oct. 29, 
'*>«. aged 11 days. 

Frederick Black, died Nov. 3, 1826, aged 85. 

Rebecca Black, daughtei of Frederick Black, "who came 
'_ < this world in the year of our Lord 17S5, the 29th day of 
J »nuary, at 9 o'clock in the morning," and wife of George 
H«uk, died Aug. 12, 1834, aged 49 years, 6 months, 12 days. 

Kluabelh lie, ..hart, 1791. 

■'"ilp Revcr, died Nov. 22, 1S43, aged 78. 

Gritzcna Rcvcr, died August, 1811, aged SI. 

Elizabeth, wife of John D. Grobp, died April 1 ."., 1 335, aged 69. 

Jacob Buffiugton, born Aug. 10, 1756, died Aug. 7, 1S3! ; 
Mary Magdalena, his wife, died Dec. 15. 1S40, aged 81 years, 
16. lays. 

Peter Sohener, died Dec. 13, 1790, aged 52. 

Joshua Dclnplane, died Oct. 14, 1S30, aged 42. 

Hannah Delaplano, .lied Aug. 4, 1.879, aged 93 years, 6 
months, 12 days. 

Wm. Cover, born July 1, 1814, died Oct. 4, 1S24. 

Win. Jones, bmn Aug. 20, 1790, died Jan. 12, 1.818. 

Wm. Jones, died Sept. 25, 1824, aged 70. 

James le.Iccs, died March 4, 1852, aged 57 years, 2 months, 
24 days. 

M. M. Hess, died April 26, 1841. 

II. A. Hess, di.d April, 1833. 

.Mary Hess, born May 1, 1797, died March 5, 1S50. 

Samuel Hess, born Nov. 11, 1 TOO, died Dec. 24, 1873. 

George Ott, died July 23, 1S34, aged 77. 

John Baumgardner, born Nov. In, 1781, died Sept. 6, 1S2S. 

Margaret Ott, consort of George, born Sept. 8, I', 04, died 
Sept. 5, 1S2S. Her maiden name was Margaret Sluthur. 

Nicholas Ott, died Dec. lfi, 1833, aged 25 years, 4 months, 
21 days. 

Abraham Horner, bom ISO:'., died 1825. 

Susan Nehei, born 1S02, died . 

Amanda E. Ott, died April 7, 1851, aged IS. 

Mary E., wife of Mm. T,. Crapster, died April 17, 1818, aged 
45 years, 11 mouths, 7 days; and live of her children, from one 

Catharine Swoj.e, daughter of II. and E., died Nov. 16, 1805, 
aged 1 year, 5 days. 

Jesse Swopc, son of the same, died Sept. 21, 1805, aged 4 
years, 6 months, 21 .lays. 

Henry Swope, bom Apiil 5, 1767, •lied Feb. 13, 18-12; Eliz- 
abeth, bis comort, died June 13, 1.843, aged 68 years, 8 months, 
IS days. 

Jacob Sheet/., died Oct. 27, 1806, aged SI. 

Catharine Sheetz, died May 5, lS03,aged 75 years, 4 months, 
11 days. 

nenry Clutz, died Sept. 10, 1831, aged 67 years, 14 days. 

Elizabeth Clutz,, bom March 12, 1762. died Oct. 6, 1821. 

John D. Miller, .-on of George and Eliza Miller, " who fell 
iu the defense of bis country near Petersburg, Ya., June 22, 
1864," aged 24 years, 2 months, 16 days. 

Susanna Cover, born Nov. 26, 1775, died Feb. 7, 1824. 

Jacob Cover, died Sept. 29, 1873, aged 64 years, 9 months. 

Philip Kudiscl, born March 20, 17S5, died Nov. 21, 1810. 

Elizabeth Kobcrgcr, born 1703, July 23d, died Aug. 21, 1801. 

Lewis Rudisil, bom Feb. 27, I7S3, dud Aug. 11, 1805. 

G. Rudisil, born March 15, 1770, died March 13, 1795. 

Maria Rudisil, born Feb. 15, 1765, died April 23, 1784. 

Tobias Rudisil, born April 4, 1720, died March 26, 1S1C. 

T. Louis Rudisil, born April 7, 1742., died December, 1821. 

Magdalena Weiweli, died Aug. 25, 1796, aged 25 years, 5 
months, and 26 days. 

Michael Sawyer, died Nov. 25, 1S25, aged 63. 

Ann Mary, his wife, died Aug. 8, 1829, aged 65 years, 1 month, 
and 16 days. 

John Foire, died Dec. 13, 1.827, aged 42 years, 11 months, and 
13 days. 

Anna B., Ilis wife, died May 25, IS67, aged 75 years, 7 months, 
and 27 days. 

Peter Slyder, born July 25, 1759, died May 25, 1S40. On 
his left are his two wives, Mary, born Sept. 8, 1763, and died 
Jan. 11, 1796; Elizabeth, bom April 3, 1780, died Sept. 22, 1S30. 


Jacob Cornell, died July 9, 1863, aged 00 years, 11 
and 10 days. 

Mary Cornell, died Nov. 27, 1815, aged 59 years, S 
and 6 days. 

Conrad Bhorb, died Oct. 10, 1863, aged 77. 

John Harman, born-Sept. 8, 1792, died Aug. 7, 1870. 

Hezckiah Harman, born Feb. 1, 1881, died Aug. 15, 1800. 

Elizabeth, wife of John Good, died Sept. 2! 
years, 1 month, and days. 

John Good, born Feb. 28, 1802, died May 11, 1870. 

Samuel Naill, died Oct. 19, 1S09. aged 83. 

Elizabeth Naill, died Jan. 27, 1878, aged 7G. 

Elizabeth Naill, wife of Samuel, died Aug. 28, 1820, aged 34 


Isaac McGec, born Dec. 24, 1793, died Jan. 9, 1SS1. 

Dorothy McGec, died Jan. 2, 18.16, aged 34 years, 2 montl 


and 6 days. 

John Kregelo, Sr., died Nov. .30, 1S71, aged 87 years, 

months, and 27 days. 

John Kregelo, died May 29, 1837, aged 65 years, 8 montl 

I and 5 days. 
ged 56 ! John Kregelo, died Sept. 13, 188(1, 
j and 1 day. 

Margaret, wife of Isaac McGoe, died Aug. 20, 1SC0, aged 52 
ears, 3 months, and 13 days. 
Dorothy Harner, died May 27, 1851, aged 93. 
Christian Harner, died June 21, 18-10, aged 91. 
Catharine, wife of Frederick- Harner, died June 7, 1S59, aged 

Anna Naill, wife of Jacob Mcring, born Feb. 8, 1805, died I 73 years, months, and 9 days. 
February, 1824. Frederick Harner, died Sept. 18, 1S62, aged 79 years, 9 

Mary Naill, born Feb. 28, 1778, died Nov. 17, 1815. I months, and 12 days. 

Dr. Wm. li. Hibbcrd, died March 14, 1 S39, aged 01 : Ann, ' Samuel Harner, died May 13, 1807, aged 60 years, 2 months, ■ 

his first wife, died Feb. 18, 1835, aged 44. { and 8 days. 

. Christian Naill, born Jan. 5, 1747, died June 15, 1816. ! Susannah Null, born March 11, 1797, died Feb. 11, 1S08. 

- William Naill, died April 0, 1846, aged 07 years. 9 months, J Samuel Null, born Feb. 15, 1793, died Feb. 4, 1853. 

ami 25 days. Elizabeth, his wife, died Feb. 26, 1853, aged 73. i Abraham Null, died Feb. 27, 1850, aged 7S years, 1 1 months, 

-William Naill, died June 28, 1868, aged 54 years, 9 months, j and 19 days. 

and 16 days. Mary Ann, his wife, died July 11, 1809, aged 54 i Catharine Null, died April 3, 1800, aged 88 years, 4 months, 
years, 3 months, and 20 days. and 19 days. 

John Raitt, died Feb. 14, 1833, aged 31. Tobias Rudiscl, died Dec. 24, 1863, aged .'.0 years- 3 months, 

Basil Raitt, died July 10, 1839, aged 32 years and 7 mouths. and 11 days. Mary J., his wife, died Jan. 21, 1S73, aged 54 

John Rudiscl, born Aug. 25, 1772, died March 25, 1840. years, 4 months, and 17 days. 

liarbnry Shunk, bom 1737, died 1826. Nancy Rudiscl, born Sept. 7, 17S7, died Sept. 9, 1 

aged 87 years, 10 moi 

Peter Shnnk, died Jane 19, 
and 14 days. 

Joseph Shunk, died May 28, 1S40, aged 0C years, 3 mo 
and 5 days; Aberrilla Shunk, his wife, died June 0, 1S52, 

Ludwiek Rudisel, born Feb. 25, 177S, died June 28, 1842. 
Susanna, wife of Samuel Babylon, died D c. 6, 1801, aged 
52 years, 9 months, and 21 days. 

Elizabcthj consort of David Rcifsnider, born July 2a, 1783, 

67. j died Oct. 19. 1844. 

Elizabeth S. Sawyer, died Sept. 29, 183), aged 45 years, 7 i David Rcifsnider, Sr., died Feb. 20, 1811, aged 06. 

months, and 29 days. | Joseph Reever, died Aug. 11, 1S53, aged 03 years, 1 1 months, 

AbramBuffington, died Aug. 5, 1872, aged 85 years, 7 months, ! and 11 days; Margaret, his second wife, died January, 1832, 

and 28 days; Anna, his wife, died April 19, 1S34, aged 61 I aged 48; Mary, his first wife, died April 2a, 1845, aged 49 

years, 6 months, and 21 days. j years, 2 months, and 13 days. 

Hammond Raitt, died Feb. 1, 1838, aged 82. ; Hanna Revcn, died Feb. 14, 1848, aged 41 years, 2 months, 

Harriet Raitt, died Jan. 22, 1852, aged 52. j and 25 days. 

Eleanor, consort of Hammond Raitt, died June 9, 1847, aged I Amelia, wife of Henry Picking, died Oct. 23, 1805, aged 51 

69. | years, 1 month, and 3 days. 

Jacob Zumbrurn, died Sept. 13, 1868, aged 74 years and 2 j Eliza I,., consort of Rev. Solomon Sentnia i, born Sept. 2s, 

months; Margaret, his wife, died Jan. 10, 1S52, aged 57 years I 1811, died Dec. 4, 1S55. 

and 8 months. I George Lambert, died Oct. 26. 1875, aged 89 ; Elizabeth, ids 

David Harper, died Feb. 28, 1844, aged 43 years, 5 months, | wife, died Oct. 4, 1839, aged 04 years, 4 months, and 10 days. 

and 15 days. i Anna M., wife of Jacob Lambert, died March 27, 1S52, aged 

Rachel, wife of Tobias Haines, died Feb. 1, 1852, aged 40 | 49 years, 2 months, and 4 days. 

years, 1 month, and 17 days. Elizabeth N. Clabaugh, died May 25, 1852, aged 75 years, 

John K. Hilterbrick, born Sept. 27, 1796, died Nov. 18, 1869. | 10 months, and 25 days. 

Anna M. Slyder, born Dec. 21, 1800, died April 29, 1S77. j Margaret, wife of Henry Black, born .May 24, 1799, died Dec. 

Sarah Reaver, died March 29, 1S67, aged 66 years, 11 months, ! 14,1868. 

and 29 days. \- Elizabeth, wife of Henry Hess, died Oct. 13, 1860, aged 07 

Maria Apolonia Hoc-finer, born May S, 1776, died May 2, 1841. | years, 1 month, and 19 days. 

Magdalcua Moek, died Feb. 24, 1852, aged 66 years, 2 months, '■ Henry Hess, born Feb. 20, 1794, died Aug. 20, 1874. 

and 8 days. | Thomas Ohler, died Dee. 8, 1S43, agod 03 years. 

Daniel Harman. Sr., died Aug. 10, 1864, aged 04 years, 5 I Margaret Fair, wife of George H., died April 8, 1S00, aged 

months, and 15 days. I 52 years, 11 month:', and 5 days. 

Thomas Mathiai Greaves, born Aug. 22, 1S23, died Feb. 7, | Eliza, wife of John Cownover, born Jan. 20, 1812, died Dee. 

1853. ; 16, 1871. 

Sophia Kregelo. died Aug. SO, 1372,aged81 years, 11 mouths, ' John Cownover, died March 24, 1S51, aged 42. 

and 15 days. | Christian Naill, .lied July 13, 1809. aged 0: years, 8 mouths, 

Jacob Kregelo, born Oct. 2S, 1805, aged 80 years, 6 months, I and 3 days; Lydia Naill, his wife, dad \ug. 14, 1S68, aged 56 

acd 20 days. years, 8 months, and 3 days. 

Rev. J. M. Kregelo. died Nov. 11, 1854, aged 27. I Margaret Hawk, born Oct. 12, 1802, died May 0, 1879. 


Hawk, born Oct. 17, 1776. died Deo. 29, 1S55. 
, wife of Nicholas Heck, burn April 27, 1818, died May 

A. Bower, died Dec. 14, 1880, aged 70 year 

emaker, born Aug. 19, 1803, died June IS, 1864. 
i Bower, died Not. 30, 1 S 12, aged 69 years, 9 tuont 

:,h Bower, died April 11, If 
oa Stoncr, died March 24, 1 

5, aged 57 

s, 7 months 

V'n.. Mering, died March 10, 1S56, aged 50. 
Kcbecoa, wife of Jacob Snider, born Feb. 4, 1S12, died Jai 
i I860. 
Jacob.Snider, died Jan. 30, 1S50, aged 81 years, months, 

1 nomas Rudisel, died Jan. IS, 1SS0, age 

Anua Rudisel, died March 22, 1S7I, aged 50 years, 9 days. 
Anna M., wife of Thomas Rudisel, died June 7, 1S57, aged 44. 
William Rudisel, died Oct. 16, 1S0G, aged 56 years, S months, 
IV Jays. 
John Moring, born Dec. 4, 1795, died March 24, 1S57. 
Henry Baumgardner, born Dec. 11, 1810, died Nov. 10, 18S0. 
Jacob Null, died March 20, 1S73, aged 6S years, 6 mouths, 

Wm. Shoemaker, burn Dec. 24, 1S17, died Jan. 11, 1864. 

Mary A., wife of James McKellip, born Oct. 11, 1811, died 
Jan. 25, 1854. 

Mary A., consort of Samuel Shriner, died Nov. 13, 1S00, aged 
III years, 6 months, 10 days. 

Michael MentKsr, born Sept. 11, 1775, died Dec. 23, ISIS; 
Magdalena, his wife, and daughter of John and Ann Oilier, 
born Sept. 28, 1787, died Oct. 29, 1S40. 

Elizabeth, wife of John D. Woods, born Nov. 1, 1781, died 
Dec. IS. 1800. 

John D. Woods, born Dec. 23, 17S0, died Jan. 29, 1 S09. 

Daniel Shunk, born Jan. 15, 17SS, died April 5, IsOO. 

Eupheinia Shook, died Nov. 31, 1861, aged 70 years, 6 
Months, 21 days. 

Benjamin Shunk, died Oct. 30, 1876, aged 70 years, 8 months, 
15 days; Rebecca, his wife, died Dec. 20, 1803, aged 61 years, 
7 days. 

John White, born Aug. IS, 1796, lied March 31, 1S63 ; Mary 
"• hitc, his wife, died Aug. 4, 1850, aged 57 years, 6 months, 26 

John Ott, died Dec. 14, 1857, aged 52 years, 2 months, 21 
cays; Mary, tug wife, died May 10, 1856, aged 47 years, 9 
months, 2S days. 

Catharine Ott, died July 26, 1851, aged 64 years, 6 months, 
11 days. 

Elizabeth Baumgardner, died June 10, 1851, aged 06 years, 
1 month, 10 days. 

George Reed, born July 12, 17S2, died Nov. 3, 1S57. Mary, 
bis wife, died Sept. 29, 1856, aged 73 years, 3 months, 12 days. 

James Aring, born' Dec. 29, 1866, aged 07 years, 9 months, 
-■! days. 

Jacob Valentine, born May IS, 1790, died Aug. 15, 1803. 

David Reifsnider, died July 20, 1858, aged 50 years. months, 

Anna M. Mering, died April 29, 1S67, aged 85 years. 5 
months, IS days. 

Jacob Heltibrid'e, died March 21, 1S06, aged 79 years, 6 
: .>' : Barbara, his wife, died July 21, 1863, aged 74 years. 
Jacob Slagenhaupt, died 1S63, aged 73. 

Elizabeth Slagenhaupt, died 1844, aged 52. 
Philip M. Smith, died Dec. 4, 1800, aged 43 years, 6 months, 
9 days; Rebecca Smith, died Dec. 14, 1865, aged 46 years, 7 

Jacob Bushey, died Aug. 31, 1861, aged 75 years, S months, 
12 days. 

Mary Bushey, died Feb. S, 1SC2, aged 72 years, 21 days. 

Susanna, cousort of David Buffington, born in 1S02, died in 
1859, aged 57 years, married in 1S22. 

Magdalena Wolf, died March 10, 1SG9, aged 58 years, 3 
months, 10 days. , 

The founder of Taneytown was a Catholic, and it 
is reasonable to suppose there were others of the same 
faith living in the vicinity of the town at an early 
period. As far back as 1790 there are records of 
mass having been said at private dwellings by Fathers 
Frambaugh, Pellentz, Brosuis, and Cefremont. In 
1804, Prince Geliven visited the village, and built 
St. Joseph's church. Father Zocchi, an Italian priest 
of great learning and remarkable executive ability, was 
the first pastor of St. Joseph's, aud remained in 
charge of the parish during the extraordinary period 
of forty-one years. He died in 1845, regretted by- 
all who knew him, and there was no priest regularly 
assigned to the charge until 1851. From the latter 
date until 1862 the parish was under the control of 
Father Thomas O'Neill, who was succeeded by Father 
J. Gloyd, who remained in charge until Jan. 1, 1S79. 
Father Gloyd's first assistant was Rev. Richard llase- 
man, from May, 1871, to January, 1873 ; his second, 
Rev. Casper Schmidt, from 1S73 to 1874; and his 
third, Rev. John T. Dulaney, from 1874 to Jan. 1, 
1S79. At this date the mission was divided, Father 
Dulaney retaining charge of St. Joseph's, and- St. 
Thomas', at New Windsor, while Father Gloyd took 
charge of St. John's, Westminster, and St. Bartholo- 
mew's, Manchester. Father Dulaney is a native of 
Baltimore, and was educated in that city. Though 
comparatively a young man he is a thorough classical 
scholar, aud while scrupulously discharging the oner- 
ous duties of his pastorate is also a laborious student. 
His many engaging qualities and his unflagging zeal 
in the cause of religion and charity have not only 
endeared him to the people of his parish, but have 
won for him the confidence and respect of the entire 
community without reference to denominational lines. 
Tane^ytown was the headquarters of the mission 
until 1SG9, when the residence of Father Gloyd was 
changed to Westminster by Archbishop Spalding. 

The following persons are buried in the Catholic 
cemetery : 


Rev. Nicholas Zocchi, lato pastor or Tn 
Church, died Dec. 17, 1S45, age 1 72 years. 

Mary J., daughter of Dr. John Swopc, dil 
aged 43 years, 10 months. 

July 30, 1S46, 


Kobert McGinnis, born .Tan. 17, 1S17, died Oct. 12, 1S71 ; Cathorino Wilson, died Dec. 20, 1SI5, infant. 

Catharine, his wife, horn Jan. S, 1S15, died June 21, 1874. j Joseph C. Clements, died .March, 1807. 

Samuel 1*. Chase, horn March 30, 183X, died Nov. 10, 1872. Francis Elder, .lied Oct. 1, ISO'.), aged 54 ; Catherine, his 

Susan McAllister, daughter of Lewis Eliot, born Nov. 2."!, j wife, died April 12, 1834, aged 67. 

1853, died Feb. 4, 1S79. \ Mary Mourie, born 1743, died Jar.. 30, 1810. 

Lucinda, daughter of J. and M. Orndoff, died April 22, 1877, j James Clabaugh, died March 10, 1867, aged 80 years, 4 
aged 23 years, 8 months. months, 10 days; Monica, his Kile, bom July 22, 1787, died 

Anna, wife of Anthony Wivell, died June 12, 1S76, aged 68 Nov. 30, 1851. 

Ann M., wife of John Classon, born Pec. 3, 1802, died Sept. 
4, 1SG4. 

Rebecca, wife, of' Levi Murren, died July 22, 1844, aged 23 
years, 5 months. 8 days. 

Caroline, wife of David S. Smith, died Jan. 3, 1857, aged 30 

years, 10 months, 14 days. 

Margaret, wife of Samuel J. Wivell, born Aug. 20, 1819, died 
May 22, 1872. 

Joseph Hawk, born Jan. 31, 1811, died May 2K, 1871. 

Margaret Hawk, horn Oct. 20, 1809, died September, 1875. 

HoDora Donnelly, died Oct. 29, IS74, aged ',9. 

Wilhemina, wife of Joseph Kies, born May 14, ISM, died 
Feb. 25, 1S7S. 

Catherine Sebald, horn in Berks County, Pa., July 11, 17SG, 
died Dec. 27, 1827. 

Joseph Wivel, born Dec. 12, 1790, died Jan. 10, 1853. 

Christena Wive',, his wife, died March 23, 1S4S, aged 55. 

George Spalding, born Oct. 4, 1792, died Aug. 9, 1S54 ; Mary, 
his wife, born Aug. 10, 1797, died Feb. 22, 1S75; Edward F., 
their son, died Feb. 10, 1878, aged 53 years, 4 months, 8 days. I John Bulk, died Dec. 0, 1S39, aged 40 years; Catharine, his 

Mary Diffendall, born Sept. 11, 1SOS, died Sept. 26, 1878. ' wife, died Sept. 7, 1819, aged 22 years. 

John Diffendall, horn Aug. 14, 17S8, died May 4, 1870. Joseph Welty, horn Aug. 8, 1810, died Jan. 24, 1S64. 

Andrew Kuhns. died July S, J874, aged SI ; Rachel, his wife, , Peter A. S. Noveel, died Jan. 23, 1.837, aged 21. 
died July 18, 1801, aged 64 years. i Elizabeth, wife of Basil lirooke, died Aug. 27, 1S27, aged 34 

Paul Kuhns, died March 15. 1815, aged 55 years, 18 days. I years. 

Mary A. Kuhns, born March 2), 1758, died June 23, 1844. | John Spalding, died Dec. 23, 1807, aged 28 years. 

Elizabeth Baumgardner, died June 23, 1819, aged 27 years, | Henry Spalding, died Feb. 19, 1810, aged 69 years; Ann, 

Barbara, wife of Joseph Gartner, died June 5, 1852, aged 27. 

Mary Gardner, died March 23, 1810, aged 25 yea,,, 15 days. 

Joseph Gardner, died March 4, 1879, aged 69 years, 9 months, 
24 days. 

Jacob Eckenrodc, died July 22. 1805, aged 81 years, 9 mouths; 
Mary, his wife, died Feb. 10, 1S.V.I, aged 71 years. 

Mary Ann, cohort of Christopher Storm, died Jan. 3, 1S03, 
aged SS vc.'tts, 11 ui. .nth.-, 13 days. 

11 months, 29 days. 

Peter Diffendal, died March 19, 1849, aged 54 years, 19 
days; Mary, his wife, died April 20, 1863, aged 67 years, 
months, 9 days. 

Samuel Diffendall, horn March 14, 1781, died July 11, 1S55. 

Christiana Diffendall, died June 12, 1859, aged 88. 

John Kline, died Jan. 30. 1846, aged 83 : Catharine, his wile, 
died Sept. 14, 1844, aged 50 ye^rs, 5 months, 4 .lays. 

Juliana, daughter of John Adlesperger, died Oct. 8, 1854, 
age) 40 years, JO months, 13 days. 

John Adlesperger, born Jan. 17, 17S5, died June 22, 1859; 
Margaret Adlesperger, born April 30, 17S4, died Aug. 10, 
ISO, ; Mary, their daughter, born March 15, 1812, died Aug. 
12, 1SG7. 

Magdalcna, wife of Jacob Tingling, died September, 1S55, 
aged 42. 

John AHhoff, died Jan. 13, 1873, aged 85 years, months, 

28 days; .Mary C, his wife, died July 20, IS67, aged 86. 
Daniel Kosc, died Nov. 9, 1S15, aged 13 years. 

Peter Hamburg; died Jan. 24, 1S69, aged 73 years, 2 months, 

29 days; Mary, his wife, died July 2fi, 1S70, aged 71 years, 
11 months, 21 days. 

his wife, died Jan. 17, 1800, aged 54 years. 

Ceeila, daughter of Geo. and Mary Spalding, born Sept. 30, 
1S3G, died Feb. 25, 1856. 

Margaret Adams, died Sept. S, 1805. 

Henry O'llara, died June 14, 1S15, aged 86 years. 

Elizabeth Stigors, died Feb. 17, 1828, aged 31 years, 11 
months, 14 days. 

Thomas A'lanis, lied Jan. IS, 1820, aged 64 years. 

Magdalcna .\-U,a>, wife of Thomas, who died at the age of 
101, "loaded with years and virtuous deeds," Jan. 21, IS20. 

Margaret, wife of John Dougherty, died Oct. 17, 1860, aged 
79 years. 

Margaret A., daughter of James and Rebecca Adlesperger, 
born Aug. 10, 1802, died May 12, 1880. 

"This stone laid by Capt. John Gwinn, U.S.N., and Dr. Win. 
Gwinn," for their mother, Mary, who died April 8, In37, aged 

P. Hinds, died Sept. 23, IS28, aged 79 years. 

Easter Hinds, died May 28, 1836, aged 65 years. 

John Eckenrode, horn April 2, 17S0, died Nov. 25, 1S4P; 
Elizabeth, his wife, born July 6, 1788, died Sept. 20, 1850. 
. Lydia E., their daughter, and wife of Samuel B. Horner, 


Boyle, died At 

Mary Hamburg, died Oct. 6, 1S63, aged 31 years, 11 months, died May 13, 1871, aged 5S years, 10 months, 11 days. 
15 days. [ Ann Louisa, wife of Jos. A. OrcndoriT, died Aug. 15, 1872, 

James Taney, died Oct. 2, 1817, aged 19. I aged 38 years, 2 mouths, 27 days. 

Dorothy Taney, wife of Joseph, died Apiil 17, 1817, aged 61. j Elizabeth Eline, died July 14, 1873, aged 68 years, 10 months, 

25 days; Wm. Eline, her husband, .lied Dee. 1 I, 1879. aged 79 
years, 4 months, 29 days. 

Louisa ('., wife of John M. MeCarty, born Oct. 9, 1813, died 
April 3, 1SS0. 
John Gonker, died Dec. 4, 1811, aged 71 years. 
Barbara Gonki r, died Dee. 27, 1827, aged 77 yoars. 
Eliza Gonker, died Oct. 10, 1858, aged 76 years. 
Hannah Gonker, died April 21, 187s, aged 81 years. 
Mary Gonker, died Oct. 20, 1801, aged SO years. 
J. Burk, died ISM, at an old age. 

12, 1S14, aged 97 years. 
Ann Boyle, died Sept. 10, 1811, aged 22 months. 
Roger Joseph Boyle, lied Jan. 14, 1841, aged 25. 
Henry Boyle, died Feb. 14, 1S55, aged 37 years. 
Mary II. Boyle, died May 2, 1821, aged 41 years. 
Daniel Boyle, died Dee. 6, 1830, aged GO years. 
Jane, wife of Raphael Brooke, died Nov. 19, ISIS, aged 

lael Brook. 

wife of Ft 

1816, aged 09 years. 

, died Dec. 11, 1792, aged 36 



: years, 

Jjcob Wellj, died March 7, IMG, aged 2G years. 

J„hn. son of John and Eliza Welty, did March 25, 1S16, 
^.,.i 12 years. 

J ,bn Welty,died Sept. IS, 181C, aged 54 years. 

Mary Welty, died Dee. 20, 1S16, aged 24 years. 

Kliinbeth, consort of John Welty, died Nov. 22, 1S43, aged 
nths, IS days. 

,..._imder Frazier, died Oct. 9, 1 S72, aged 59 years, 5 mouths, 
•8 days: Polly, his wife, died June 30, 1854, aged 39 years. ' 

Ann C, wife of Henry AlthofT, died Oct. II, 1845, aged 92 j 

Frederick Shoemaker, died March 31, 1SG4, aged 4S years, i 
1 1 months, 28 days. 
Wm. Clahaugh, died Nov. 7, 1855, aged 34. 
Sylvester N. Orndorfl", died August, 1854, aged 10 years, 5 
i ,nths, 20 days. 
Joseph Kck, died Jan. 15, 1856, aged 62. 

Margaret Eck, horn July 7, 1816, died July 15, 1S53. 

Paul Eck, died s e pt. 12. 1S00, aged 03 years. 

Win. Slaubb, died Oct. 2?., 1S42. aged 43 years, 22 days. 

Peter Mathias, died Fch. i. 1S27, aged 37 years. 

Klara, wife of Francis J. Albrocht, born Dee. 2, 1S19, died i 
May 4, 1S5S. 

Catherine Snuvell, died Oct. 17, 1761, aged 79. 

Elisabeth, wife of Daniel Snovell, died Feb. 11, 1852, aged 
37 years, 5 months. Elizabeth, his second wife, died Sept. 21, j 
1S53, aged 27 years, 2 months. 

Isaac T. Stonesifer, died Aug. 21, 1867, aged 2G years, 3 ' 
months, 17 days. 

Elizabeth F. Watson, died Aug. 19, 1S54, aged 21 years, 1 j 
mouth, 24 days. 

Wm. Watson, born November, 1798. died Feb. 16, 1S61. 

Mary A. Sewell, died March 10, 1871, aged 39 years. 

John Hopkins, died June 29, 1S33, aged 58. 

Wm. Cash, bom Dee. 21, 1800, died April 3, 1S72. 

Ann E. Cash, died Feb. 12, 185S, aged 22 years. 

Anthony Arnold, died April 3, 1S54, aged 78 years, 7 months, 

1 days. 
Ann, wife of Augustine Ar 


,,■■1 02 

Taneytown Presbyterian Church. — Prior to 
1820 German preaching was the rule in Taneytown, 
English the exception. Iudecd, a strong prejudice 
existed against preaching in the English language. It 
is related that when the corner-stoue of what is the 
original part of the present Lutheran church was laid, 
in 1812, the Rev. John Grope, pastor at that time, 
remarked to the bjstauders, " This corner-stone is laid 
on a German foundation, and there is to be no English 
preaching here only when there must be." 

But the world moves, and men must move with it. 
Some of the persons who heard the remark to which 
rcfereuce has been made lived to hear the same min- 
ister preach in the English language. About, the 
>"< ii 1820 the younger portion of the German-speak- 
ing part of the community began to manifest a desire 
'■' have preaching in the English language. This de- 
~ :i was strenuously opposed by the older persons. 

Die house in which the German Reformed congre- 
gation worshiped at this time, known as the " Yellow 

Church,'' was in a very dilapidated condition. This, 
together with the desire of many members of the 
German Reformed congregation to have service in the 
English language, opened the way for the formation 
of certain "articles of association" between the mem- 
bers of the latter church at Taneytown and the mem- 
bers of the Presbyterian Church of the same place, to 
unite for the purpose of building a Union church. 

In virtue of the seventh of these "articles of as- 
sociation," the parties concerned, in March, 1821, 
elected five persons as a building committee, aud vested 
in them full power to purchase a lot or lots in such 
locality as they might think would best suit the dif- 
ferent congregations, and to build thereon said chinch. 
This committee, the members of which were Nich- 
olas Snider, William B. Hilberd, George Shriner, 
Abraham Linn, and Samuel S. Forney, bought of 
Elizabeth Hughs, the widow of John Hughs, lots 
Nos. 78 and SO, situated in Taneytown, for the sum of 
eighty-nine dollars sixty-eight and a half cents 
(889.68J). These lots were conveyed to the persons 
composing said committee, to he held by them in trust 
for the German Reformed and Presbyterian congre- 
gations until such time when said congregations may 
become corporate bodies, and thus by law be author- 
ized to have aud to hold the same by their trustees. 

The corner-stone was laid on the 5th or 6th of Sep- 
tember, 1821. Rev. John Winebrenner preached ou 
the occasion from Zachariah iv. 7. Rev. Mr. Reilly 
also preached at the same time from Isaiah Ixvi. 1. 

The erection of the building progressed slowly. In 
the autumn of 1822 the church was dedicated. The 
Presbyterian clement, during the interval between 
1822 and 1828, worshiped with the German Reformed 
congregation, which was during that, time served by 
the followiug-named pastors: Rev. Jacob Helfenstein, 
i Rev. Mr. Aurand, a short time, and Rev. Deatriek 
! Graves. 

In the year 1823 the "Presbyterian Church of 
Taneytown" was organized. 
; The Presbytery of Baltimore met in Taneytown on 
the 21th of February, 1828, and ordained Rev. Austin 
©. Hubbard, who had been licensed in 1826. On the 
30th of March, 1828, Rev. Mr. Hubbard ordained 
Philip Hann aud William Cormack ruling elders, and 
administered the communion. On Sabbath, June 22, 
i 1828, the church was regularly organized by the ad- 
mission of the following-named persons as members : 
Mrs. Elizabeth Hann, Mrs. Alah Clahaugh (pi..!.ihk 
j Alice), Miss Mary Aim McCollough, Miss Mary Mus- 
i grove on coufession of their faith, and Miss Margaret 
Biruic, Miss Hester Birnie, Miss Margaret Ried, Misa 
I Mary Ried by certificate. 


Mr. Hubbard's pastorate extended from his ordina- j 
tion, Feb. 24, 1828, until the 18th of November, | 
1829, during which three persons were received into 
the church, two on confession of their faith aud one j 
by certificate. From the close of Mr. Hubbard's pas- | 
torate to Jan. 13, 1S38, a period of eight years, the 
church was ministered to by Rev. George W. Ken- I 
nedy, Rev. Nathan Hamad, Rev. Mr. Ammcrman, i 
and Rev. Jaleel Woolbridge. 

Rev. George W. Kennedy was licensed, received, | 
and ordained by the Presbytery of Baltimore in 1831, ' 
and dismissed in 1833. From Sessional records he 
appeals to have been in Taneytown Church during 
the year 1831, and may have been pastor. Of the 
others, they served here a short time as supplies. 
During these eight years twelve persons were received 
as members of the church. On Sunday, May 13, \ 
1838, Rev. John P. Carter, appointed by the " Gen- 
eral Assembly's Board of Missions," commenced | 
preaching in Taneytown church. Mr. Carter was ! 
installed pastor Oct. 29, 1838. His pastorate ex- 
tended five years, to Dec. 17,1 843. After bis resigna- 
tion the church was vacant until the 1st of September, 

1844, when Rev. Jacob Belville, a licentiate, was 
unanimously elected pastor, and soon afterwards or- 
dained and installed a pastor of the church by the 
Presbytery of Baltimore. He was pastor four years. 
His pastorate closed about the 1st of September, 1848. 
The pulpit was then supplied between September, 

1845. and June 2, 1849, by Rev. Mr. Council. 

In a Sessional record Rev. James Williamson, pastor 
elect, is spoken of as being present. He was soon 
alter installed as pastor, and served the church as such 
until some time during the year 1854. He was dis- 
missed from the Presbytery of Baltimore in 1854. 
It appears that the church was vacant from the close 
of Mr. Williams' pastorate to April 13, 1857, during | 
which time the pulpit was supplied for a i'e.w months 
by Rev. Mr. Dodder, a licentiate. April, 1857, Rev. 
William 13. Scarborough was ordained and installed j 
pastor. Mr. Scarborough was pastor until the latter i 
part of December, 1S68, making a pastorate of eleven I 
years and seven mouths. He handed bis resignation | 
to the Session 22d of November, 1868, to take effect j 
in December. The Presbytery having granted the ; 
congregation the privilege of supplying their own 
pulpit, Rev. Isaac M. Patterson was unanimously 
elected stated supply, and entered upon his duties on ■ 
the first Sabbath of January, 1S69. In October, ' 
1871, Mr. Patterson was installed pastor by a com- 
mittee of the Presbytery of Baltimore. He resigned 
July, 1873, and preached bis last sermon on the 27th j 
of the tame month. 

After the union between the Old and the New School 
branches of the church, changes in the bounds of 
Synods and Presbyteries threw Emmittsburg and I'iney 
Creek into the Presbytery of Baltimore, thus opening 
the way for Mr. Patterson to become pastor ol Taney- 
town, in connection with Emmittsburg and Piney 
Creek. Since Mr. Patterson's installation, October, 

1871, Emmittsburg, Piney Creek, and Taneytown 
have constituted, and at this time constitute, a pas- 
toral charge. When the church became vacant by 
Mr. Patterson's resignation il united with the other 
churches of the charge in unanimously calling Rev. 
William Simonlon, of Williamsport, Pa. Mr. Simon- 
ton accepted and soon entered upon his duties. His 
pastorate dates from Oct. 1, 1S73. and still continues. 

Philip Harm and William Cormack were ordained 
ruling elders at the organization of the church. Mr- 
Hann died Dec. 31, 18G3, having served as an elder 
for a period of thirty-five years. Of Mr. Cormack it 
is recorded, "Did not apply for a certificate — joined 
the Methodists." Clotworthy Birnie, Sr., united with 
the church by certificate Sept. 8, 1832, and was 
ordained a ruling elder Aug. 8, 1838. He died 
June 2, 1845. He was a member of this church 
almost thirteen years, aud a ruling elder seven years, 
four of which lie was clerk of the Session. The 
members of the Session at present are Rogers Birnie, 
ordained Aug. 4, 18-11; Andrew McKinney and Clot- 
worthy Birnie, M.D., ordained Nov. 27, 1SC4 ; John 
W. Davidson and Andrew Arthur, ordained May 5, 

1872. Rogers Birnie, the senior member, was clerk 
twenty-three years. Andrew McKinney has been 
clerk since 22d of November, 18GS. Clotworthy 
Biruie, M.D., is a grandson of Clotworthy Birnie, Sr., 
who was a member of the Session during the earlier 
history of the church. 

Taneytown Church was organized with ten members. 
In ,1840 it had increased to twenty-six; in 1850 to 
thirty-five; aud at present has a membership in full 
communion of forty-two. The whole number of per- 
sons who have been members of the church is about 
two hundred; and while the number in communion 
at any given time has always been small, the fact may 
be noted that it was never less at any period than it 
had been at an earlier date in the church's history. 
Two of the original members still survive. 

In 1853, during Mr. Williamson's pastorate, the 
congregation bought a hou^e and lot in Taneytown 
for the sum of nine hundred dollars; this was 
conveyed by deed, executed by John K. Lmigweli 
and Sarah Longwell to Rogers Birnie and Philip 
Hann, elders, and their successors, in trust, to be held 
for the benefit of their congregation. The properly 



was used most of the time as a parsonage, except the 
latter part of Mr. Scarborough's pastorate, during 
which he resided in New Windsor. After the con- 
gregation became part of the pastoral charge of Em- 
niittsburg and Piney Creek it was deemed best to 
dispose of the parsonage, which was accordingly done 
on the 29th of October, 1870, and on the 1st of 
April, 1871, it was conveyed to Thomas Rudisel by 
Rogers Birnie, Clotworthy Birnie, and Andrew 
McKinney, elders, for the sum of 8312(5. The con- 
gregation was incorporated by the laws of the State 
of Maryland, January, 1871; previous to that time 
the members of the Session attended to the secular 
interests of the church, and since then it has been 
governed by a board of trustees. 

The pastors and stated supplies have been : 

1S2S-29, Rev. Austin 0. Hubbard; 1829-3S, vacant, with sup- 
plies; 1S3S-I3, Rev. John P. Carter; 1843-44, vacant, 
with ocoasiona] appointments; 1844-48, Rev. Jacob Bell- 
ville, D.D.; 1848-49, vacant, with supplies; 1849-54, Rev. 
James William-. m : 1854-57, vacant, with occasional sup- 
plies; 1857-68, Rev. William B. Scarborough. ; 186S-73, 
Rev. Isaac M. Patterson, S. S. and V. , 1873, Rev. William 

Taneytown. Academy. — This institution was in- 
corporated Jan. 25, 1844, with the following trustees : 
Solomon Seutmau, Israel Hiteshue, Thomas lludisel, 
John B. Boyle, John Thompson. 

The Church of the United Brethren in Christ was 
incorporated March 10, 1S5S, with the following 
trustees: Henry Shriner, Daniel Frock, Joseph 
Witherow, John Ridinger, and Peter Mark. 

A lodge of Knights of Pythias was organized in 
Taneytown Sept. 17, 1877. Their charter and para- 
phernalia were purchased from the Frederick City 
Lodge, and were issued to them in 1871. The first 
officers of the lodge were as follows : 

C C, C. C. Steiner; Master at Arm?, G. T. Crouse ; Dr. C. 
Birnie, Prelate; David Fogle, V. C. ; L. D. Reed, K. of 
R. and S. ; J. E. Davidson, M. of E.; Ezekiah Hawk, 0. 
6.; EJwood Burns, I. G. ; E. K. Weaver, M. of F. The 
present officers are S. E. Reindollar, V. C. ; D. R. Fogle, 
C. C.; J. E. Davidson, M. of E. ; E. K. Weaver, M. of F. ; 
C. C. Sluller, I*. of R. and S. ; W. T. Hawk, P.; L. D. 
Reed, 0. G.; J. Hahn, I. G. ; B. B. Miller, P. C. 

They have twenty-one members in good standing, 
and hold their meetings in Keindollar's Hall. The 
lodge is in a very prosperous condition, and is steadily 
increasing in numbers. 

The Regulator and Taneytown Herald was puh- 
lished by Samuel P. Davidson, who was also the editor, 
"in Church Street, adjoining Mr. Sebastian Sultzer's 
tavern, Taneytown, Md." The eighteenth issue, 
dated Sept. 7, 1830, contains among its news the 

names of Isaac Shriner, John Kinzer, Madison Nel- 
son, and Daniel Kemp, of Henry, who are published 

• as candidates on the Jackson Republican ticket for 
members of the Assembly from Frederick County, 
and the candidates on the National Republican ticket 

j were David Kemp, Jno. H. Melford, Evan McKinstry, 
and David Richardson. 

From the market reports, copied from the Baltimore 

; American, we learn that wheat was worth 98 cents to 
SI. 00 per bushel; rye, 47 and 50 cents; corn, 45 

■ and -17 cents; whisky, 22 and 24 cents per gallon; 

; plaster, S3. 80 per ton. 

But two marriages are published, one of which is 
that of Mr. Adam Bowers and Miss Mary Ann Cur- 

! rans. 

A. Reek, secretary, gives notici 

Evan vl- 

ii.», .-cwt.mj, gma uOtice that the 
I ical Lutheran Synod of Maryland and Virginia will 
! assemble at Taneytown on the third Sunday of Octo- 
ber (1830). 

Michael Wagner advertises a stray heifer. Nathan 
Hendricks announces a barbecue at Bruccville on the 
' 23d of September. Samuel Thompson, Sterling Gait, 
and David Martin, trustees, advertised for ' : a man of 
I good moral character, who is well qualified to teach 
| reading, writing, arithmetic, and mathematics in a 
j school-house lately erected within one mile of Taney- 
j town." The teacher secured was J. M. Newson, the 
I present superintendent of public schools. Mathias 
| E. Bartgis, Wm. II. Cannon, Abner Campbell, and 
Peter Brengle published cards announcing themselves 
as candidates for sheriff of Frederick County. John 
N. Hoffman, agent, gives notice to the subscribers to 
' the theological seminary at Gettysburg that three. 
! installments are due. David II. Fries, seven miles 
I from Taneytown, near Smith's tavern, advertises public 
j sale of personal property. James Raymond, trustee, 
advertises sale of land of Abraham Derr, near Taney- 
town. Nathan Hendricks, " desirous of leaving Fred- 
erick County," advertises Bruccville Mills at public 
sale. Louisa Rinedollar and Abraham Lichtenwalter, 
executors, give notice to the creditors of Peter Mick- 
sell. James Heird advertises the Fairview races to 
come off on the 6th, 7th, and 8th of September, and 
offers three purses,— 825, $15, S20. John Hughes 
nominates himself for the Assembly as the Working- 
I men's independent candidate, " who is a friend to 
railroads, canals, and turnpikes," etc. " A valuable 
family of negroes" is offered for sale, " but not to 
: traders," and another negro is also advertised for sale ; 
those desiring to buy are requested to inquire at the 
office of the Regulator. 0. Birnie offers Merino rams 
i for sale. Israel Hiteshew and James Kridler announce 
1 a dissolution of partnership " in tavern and tailoring." 



The American Sentinel, published in Westminster, is I 
a combination of The Regulator. The paper was 
bought from Mr. Davidson by Col. John K. Longwell, 
who moved the office to Westminster in May, 1833, | 
and changed its name to The Carrolllouian. The j 
paper was moved there solely to advocate the forma- 
tion of Carrol] County. In 1838 a Democratic jour- 
nal called Tlic Democrat was established here by Win. . 
Shipley, Jr., when The Carrol/ton ian was announced 
as a Whig journal. Col. Longwell continued the 
publication of the paper until 1S44, when Francis T. 
Kerr, a brother-in-law to the late John J. Baumgart- j 
ner, Esq., succeeded to its proprietorship. Upon the 
death of Mr. Kerr in 18-46 or 1847, George D. Mil- 
ler, of Frederick, took charge of the paper, and was 
shortly after succeeded by W. II. Grammer, in 1850. 
In 1854; upon the rise of Know-Nothingisin, the name I 
of the paper was changed to the American Sentinel, j 
its present title. 

Among the early physicians were Dr. Joseph Sim 
Smith, a patriot in the Revolution and a brave sol- ; 
dier. He died Sept. 0, 1822. William Hubbert 
aud Dr. Boyle were also among the first physicians in 
Taneytown. The latter and Henry Swope were 
among the earliest, merchants. John White and Jo- 
seph Lawubert were the blacksmiths of the village in 
the oideu time. A tavern was kept by Mary Crouse 
in the house now occupied by Mr. Stoncsifcr as a j 
hotel, and the dabsters kept the inn just opposite 
and across the street. The following advertisement [ 
appeared in n newspaper of Doc. lb', 18U1 : 

"For sale, the tuvern 'American Coat of Arms,' in Taney- j 
town. Apply to James McSherry, Liuleslown, Pennsylvania, 
or Kiehard Coale, Libertytown, Maryland." 

Harney is a small hamlet about four and a half 
miles from Taneytown and near the Mouocaey River, , 
which is at this point a small stream. It was named 
in honor of the late Geo. Harney, of the United ; 
States army. The Uuitcd Brethren, a religious de- I 
nomination, have built a church in the village re- 
cently, of which Rev. J. Whitlock is pastor. D. L. 
Shoemaker is the village postmaster. A number of 
mills are located here, under the charge of William 
Starner, John Unger, aud Peter 'Selt. There is a 
hotel in the village, kept by W. F. Eckenrode, and 
John Eckenrode keeps an assortment of general mer- 
chandise. There are also two excellent physicians, 
John C. Bush and E. B. Simpsou. The population 
of the Taneytown District, according to the census of 
1S80, is 259G. 

For many years the old free-school system, which 
obtained so extensively in the rural districts of Mary- 
land, was in vogue in Carroll County. At the public . 

schools the children were taught the three R's, — 
" reading, 'riting, and 'rithmetic,"- — and if they de- 
sired further education, they cither had to teach 
themselves or attend one of the many excellent pri- 
vate schools within reach. During the civil war 
there was an awakening of the public mind to the 
advantages of general education, and a cumbersome 
system, expensive in character, resulted from inex- 
perienced legislation. This was superseded by the 
present system, now general throughout all the coun- 
ties of the State, which gives all necessary advantages, 
and has the additional recommendation of simplicity. 
The following is a list of public school trustees for 
1881 and 1882 in the Taneytown District: 

1. Pine Hill.— William Clulz, Michael Humbert, Charles M. 


2. Piney Creek.— Franklin Keppcrt, Daniel Hesson, Richard 


3. Walnut Grove.— Samuel Brown, Upton Harney, David W. 


4. Washington. — No appointments. 

5. Oak Grove.— Samuel P. Baumgartner, Henry Eok, Hezckiah 

C, 7, and S. Taneytown, Xos. 1,2, ami .1.— William S. Rudi-ell, 
Jesse Haugh, Ezra K. Beaver. 

9. Oregon.— Gal. riel Stover, William W. Koontz, Ezra StulJer. 

10. Martin's.— Valentine Harman, Jacob Shriner, Martin L. 

11. Shaw's— Daniel Harman, Edward Shorb, William Smith. 

The teachers for the term ending April 15, 1881, 

were : 

1, H. C. Wilt, 53 pupils; 2, S. F. Hess, -IS pupils; 3, J. H. 
Lambert, 51 pupils; I, J. Boss Gait, 44 pupils; 5, Calvin 
T. Fringer, 51 pupils; C, Levi D. Beid, 55 pupils : 7. Mrs. 
Emma L. Forrest, 51 pupils; S, James F. Fringer, 17 pu- 
pils; 9, John T. Keck, OS pupils; 10, George W. Hess, 5) 
pupil,; 11, C. A. Waesoho, 29 pupils; 1 (colored school), 
C. II. Slullcr, 20 pupils. 

The following is the vote for local officers from 
1851 t.. 1861, inclusive: 

1851.— Vote for Primary School Commissioners : Israel Hitcshue 
190, Benjamin Shunk 15:., Israel Hiteshue 159, John II. 
Clabaugh So, Benjamin Zumbrum 41. 

1853.— For Justices: William Haugh 227, George Miller 172, 
Benjamin Shunk 210, James McKellip 232; Constables: 
Thomas Jones, Jr., 250, James Burke 04, John Rcindollar 
23S, David Kephart 87; Road Supervisor; Patrick Burke 
10.';, James Thompson 243. 

1855.— For Justices: George Miller 240, William Haugh 248, 
Jacob Shriner 249, George Crabbs 132, James Crouse 132, 
L. Budington 137; Constables: Thomas Jones, Jr., 250, 
Henry llinaman 212, Michael Fogle 127, James Rodgers 
135; Iload Supervisor: James Thompson 220, T. 5fow- 

1857.— For Justices: B. Shunk 210, Williai: 
Miller 245; Constables: II. llinaman 
23S, W. Slates 240; Head Superyisi 

1859.— For Justices : William Fisher 157, . 
Benjamin Shunk 207, Jacob Shrine 

tgh 250, Ge 
A. Shocmi 



James Burke 152, Wendell Slates 27U, J. E. Delaplane 
°. r ,9 ; Road Supervisor: William Hess 272. 
, M1 "_For Justices: William Uangh 377, William Fisher 101, 
j. Zuinbnnn 2U7, George Miller 356; Constables: W. Slates 
■<\1, Joel Bowers 284, David Kepbart 206 ; Road Supcr- 
vi-or: Gabriel Stover 266, John Koindollar 105, W. Shoc- 
mftk er S2, William Hess 2. 


The metes aucl bounds of TJnlo 

"Beginning at Grove's Ford, on Big Pipe Creek; thence 
,[:„[ Big Pipe Creek to .-rick's Ford; thence with a straight 
line to Eckart'e Ford on Little Pipe Creek ; thence up Little 
Pipe Creek to Sara's Creek to Landis' mill ; thence with a road , 
leading between the farms of Jacob Sneadcr and the late Henry j 
Xicodemus to a stone on the Buffalo road; thence near Levi 
Devilbiss' bouse, now occupied by Jacob Nusbaum, leaving 
said house-in District No. 9 (thence near John Myers' house, 
learing the same in District No. 9); thence to Philip Nico- 
demus' mill; thence down Turkeyfoot Branch to where it inter- j 
sects Little Pipe Creek; thence up said creek to Haines' mill, 
running through Widow Haines' farm, leaving her house in 
District No. 2 ; thence through Joseph llaiues' farm, leaving | 
his house in No. 7 ; thence through Mn-tiae] Morelock, Sr.'s 
farm, leaving his house in No. 2; thence to Morelock 's tavern, 
on the Uniontown turnpike, having his house in No. 7; thence 
through Shaffer's farm, leaving his house and factory in Dis- 
trict No. 7 ; thence with a straight line to Smith's old tavern on 
the Taneytown t .nj-ike, having said hour in District No. 7 ; 
thence to Hass.n's house, leaving his bouse in No. 2; thence to 
Mcssing's mill, leaving his dwelling in No. 7 ; thcuco to the j 
stone road near Stoncseifer's house: thence with the st.onc road 
to place of beginning." 

This district is bounded ou the north by Myers', I 
northwest and west by Taneytown, cast by Westmin- 
ster, south by Now Windsor, and west by Union [ 
Biid-c and Middleburg. Big Pipe Creek divides it 
from Taneytown District, and Little Pipe Creek skirts 
its southwestern corner, forming for a slrort distance '• 
the boundary liue with New Windsor. Bear and 
Meadow Branches flow westerly through its centre 
and empty into Big Pipe Creek. Wolf-Pit Branch 
flows southwest, and Log Cabin Branch northwest, 
emptying respectively iDto Little and Big Pipe Creeks. ' 
The population of the district, according to the census 
of 1880, is two thousand six hundred and three. 

The district was settled before 1745, and about 1760 
the population increased rapidly. Amoug the pio- 
neera were the Herbaughs, Norrises, Eckerds, Nico- 
tletuuses, Harrises, Babylons, Itoops, Shepherds, Zol- 
lickoffers, Senseneys, Hibbcrds, Farmwalts, Bruba- ' 
Iters, Hiteshews, Roberts, McFaddciis, Stoneseifers, ' 
Erbs, Markers, Zepps, and Myerlys. The early settlers | 
Were largely Germans, with a sprinkling of English \ 
and Scotch-Irish. The Barnharts were the original j 
owners of the laud on which A. Zollicofler now lives, I 
"n<! the land now owned by Capt. Brubaker was form- I 

erly in the possession of the Cover family. Mrs. 
Mehring owns the laud upon which the Grammers 
lived. The Stouffers also took up a large tract south 
of Uniontown. 

Uniontown is situated in an undulating and healthy 
country, two and a half miles from Linwood, seven 
from Westminster, and forty-three from Baltimore. 
Before there was any town here, more than a hundred 
years ago, Peter Moser kept a tavern, which is marked 
ou the old Maryland maps, on the road from Balti- 
more through Westminster and Moravian Town 
(Gracehanf) to H tigers town. 

The iirst house built in the village was situated at 
the forks of the Hagerstown and Taneytown road, a 
log building one and a half stories high, containing 
three rooms. It was used as a hotel and store, and 
was kept first by Peter Moser, before the Revolution, 
and afterwards by Mr. MeKenzie, and then by Mr. 
Hiteshew, who conducted it until ISOTI. It was built 
on the lot now occupied by Nathan Heck, and was 
torn down in 1831. The second house, a low struc- 
ture, was built by Stephen Ford, and is now occupied 
by Mr. Segafoose. Mrs. Green's hotel was built in 
1802 by Conrad Stem, and was first kept by John 
Myers. The next house w. s built in 1804, and is 
now occupied by Charles Devilbiss. It was first occu- 
pied by a family named Myers. That in which Reu- 
ben Matthias lives was erected in 1805. Its first oc- 
cupant was John Kurtz, who kept a store. The town 
was theu called " The Forks," and its name was changed 
in 1S13 to Uniontown, when the people were trying 
to secure a new county, which it was proposed to call 
" Union County," with this town as the county-seat. 
The project failed, but the village retained the name 
of Uniontown. The first physician was Dr. Hobbs, 
and he was succeeded by Dr. Boyer, who lived outside 
of the town. His successor was Dr. Hibberd. The first 
blacksmith was Nicholas Hiteshew, whose shop was at 
the foot of the hill leading to the Stoufler residence. 
His shop was there in 1800. Win. Richinacker and 
George Attick were the pioneer carpenters of the ham- 
let. The first schoolmaster was Thomas Harris, who 
taught in 1807 in the bouse now occupied by Mr. 
Segafoose. Moses Shaw came here in 181G and kept 
a tavern on the property now owned by Charles Devil- 
biss. In 1817, Jacob Appier was a wealthy citizen 
living near town. Charles Devilbiss, David Stouffer, 
Isaac Hiteshew, Upton Norris, Capt. Henry Anders, 
Mr. Harris, Samuel Shriner, Thomas Metcalf, and 
many others from Uniontown and its vicinity volun- 
teered for the defense of Baltimore during the war of 
1812. The first school-house was erected in 1S10, in 
the lower part of the town. It has been removed 



several times and is still standing. Cardinal McClos- 
key, of New York City, was born in Uniontown, in a 
log house opposite the cemetery. In 1S18 St. Lucas' 
church was built, under the pastorate of Rev. Wine- 
brenner. Subsequent pastors were Revs. Helfenstein 
and Graves. It is now occupied by the Church of 
God. In those days it was customary to raise funds 
for the erection of churches and other public enter- 
prises by means of lotteries. Below is given the 
scheme by which the money was obtained to build St. 
Lucas' church : 

Uniontown Dis 
Stationary Pn 

1 prize of SI 20 

2200 tickets at $6 is $11,000 

" 1st drawn 300 tickets, each $7. 
"1st drawn ticket alter 1000, $500 
" 1st drawn ticket after 2000, $1200. 

"Part of the above prizes will be paid in part as follows: 
prize of $1201' jy 100 tickets in 2d class, Nos. 1 and 100 inclu- 
sive; prize jf $500 by 50 tickets in 2d class, Nos. 101 and 160 
inclusive; prize of $200 by 15 tickets in 2d class, Nos. 161 and 
166 inclusive ; prizes of $10, $8, and $7 by 1 ticket in 2d class, 
commencing with first drawn often dollar prizes with No. 107, 

and so upwards in regular sue 
$S,and$7. Ticket in 2d class 

ession with said ] 
-alued at $6 each. 

I of $10, 

"Skcond Class. 

of $1000 is $1000 

400 is -100 

200 is 200 

100 is 200 

60 is 300 

20 is 400 

10 is 1220 

7 is 6040 

sat $5 is $10,000 

r< ;.,•>. 

" 1st drawn 200 tickets, each $7. 

"1st drawn ticket after 1500, $1000. 

"Part of the. above prizes will bo paid in part as follows: 
prize of $1000 by SO tickets in 3d chiss, Nos. 1 and 80 inclusive ; 
prize of $400 by 40 tickets, Nos. SI and 121 inclusive ; prize of 
$200 by 15 tickets, No. 122 and 137 inclusive; prizes of $10, 
$S, and $7 by 1 ticket each, commencing with No. 13S to the 
first drawn ten dollar prizo, and continuing regularly up with 
said prizes. Tickets valued in 3d class at $5 each. 

"Third Class. 

1 prizo of $1500 is $1500 

1 " 600 i-- 600 

1 " 300 is 300 

2 " 100 is 200 

20 " 50 is 1000 

2fi " 15 is 300 

201 " 10 is 2010 

400 " 8 is 3200 

000 '• 7 is 4200 

1312 prizes. 
14 88 blanks. 

2S0O tickets at $5 each is $14,01)0 

"1st drawn 25(1 tickets, each $7. 
"1st drawn ticket after 1000, *300. 
" 1st drawn ticket after 2300, $1500. 

" Prizes subject to a deduction of 20 per cent, in each class, 
and payable ninety days after the completion thereof. The 
managers in offering the above scheme to the public, for the 
purpose of appropriating the proceeds to a church, feel confi- 
dent that they will meet with a general support. Perhaps no 
scheme has been offered heretofore that affords so great a 
chance to adventurers, there being more prizes than blanks, 
and only few tickets in each class. 

" Those persons who purchased ticket- in the original scheme 
will please to exchange them for tickets in the first class a-- soon 
as possible, as the managers are very reluctantly obliged to 
abandon it, as a duty they owe to the church and the public, in 
consequence of the magnitude of the original scheme. As a 
number of tickets are already held in the first class, the mana- 
gers pledge themselves to commence the drawing as soon as 

"Jacob Appier, Sr. 1 Thomas Boycr. 

Nicholas Snider. John Dager.. 

Moses Shaw. Jacob Shriver. 

John Crabb. John $hates. 

William B. Hubbard. 
"Uniontown, Mi.., April, 1817." 

In 1807, Mr. Cover established a tan-yard. The 
tan-yard now operated by Mr. Hoffman was opened 
iu 1842 by Charles Devilbiss. The Methodist church 
was built in 1822. In 1813 the Masonic Temple was 
erected where the house of the Misses Yingling now 
stands. It was torn down between 1S25 and 1830, 
and its brick used in building a house on Mr. Zol- 
likoffer's farm. The town has been several time? in- 
corporated, but its charters expired for want of elec- 
tions or failure to conform to them. In 1807 the 
house now used as a dry-house in the tannery was 
removed from Westminster by Frederick Stem. It 
had been a Catholic church, and its briek was brought 
from England. The post-office was established here 
about 1S13, and the first postmaster was John Hyder, 
who laid out the town after a few houses had been 

On Thursday, Aug. 2S, 1817, Jacob Christ was married to 
ss Elizabeth Appier, daughter of Jacob Appier, by Rev. 



built. In 1817. Jonas Crumbacker advertised tlie 
•' Boorhaveau Lotion" for sale at his store as a grand 
anti-rheumatic tincture. In 1817 the Frederick 
County Court, at its October term, ordered a public to be laid out from Liberty Town through Union 
Town to Andrew Shriver's mill. ])r. Clement Hubbs 
ir: 1817 lived on his farm called " Valley Farm." 

Moses Shaw and John Gibbony advertised that 
races would be run over a handsome course near 
Uniontown, Wednesday, Sept. 10, 1817, and a purse 
of ninety dollars was free for any horse, mare, or 
gelding running four miles and repeat, carrying 
weight agreeable to the rules of racing. And on the 
Thursday following a purse of forty dollars was offered, 
free as the above, the winning horse of the preceding 
day excepted, two miles and repeat, carrying a feather ; 
and on Friday a purse of seventy dollars, free as 
above, the winning horses the preceding days excepted, 
running three miles and repeat, carrying a feather. 
Four horses entered each day or no race, to be 
entered the day previous to running or pay double 
entrance, entrance to pay one shilling in the pound. 
No jostling or foul riding to be countenanced. 

Uniontown is one of the most enterprising villages 
in Carroll County. According to the last census it 
contained three hundred and eighteen inhabitants. 
It is the commercial cer're of the district, the polling- 
place for the voters, ■ .id a popular resort, for the en- 
ergetic and intelligent population by which it is sur- 
rounded. A number of charitable, social, and busi- 
ness organizations have been formed in the town, or 
have moved thither from other portions of the county, 
and ate all in a flourishing condition. 

Door to Virtue Lodg'e, No. 46, of Ancient Free 
and Accepted Masons, moved Nov. 7, 181.°., to 
Uniontown from Pipe Creek, where the members met 
uninterruptedly until 1824. 

At the communication of November 21st, "Brothers 
William P. Farquhar, J. Cloud, and Jacob R. Thomas 
"ere appointed a committee to prepare a petition to 
the Legislature for a lottery to defray the expense of 
building the Uniontown Masonic Lodge Hall," but 
the committee never Teported, the lottery was never 
Framed, and the hall was never built. 

The officers from December, 1813, to June, 1814, 
*erc William P. Farquhar, W. M. ; J. R. Thomas, 
S - W.; C. Ogborn, J. W. ; and Jesse Cloud, See.; 
J- Wright, Treas. From June to December, 1814, 
William P. Farquhar, W. M. ; J. II. Thomas, S. W. ; 
Joseph Wright, J. W. ; Henry Gassaway, Sec. ; and 
to'och Taylor, Treas. From December, 1814, to 
June, 181.'., Jesse Cloud, W. M. ; J. R, Thomas, 
S W. ; J. Wright, J. W. ; William Bontz, Sec. ; and 

John llichnicker, Treas. From June to December, 
1815, Jacob R. Thomas, W. M. ; William P. Far- 
! quhar, S. W. ; Henry Gassaway, J. W. ; William 
i Bontz, Sec. ; and Isaac Lyon, Treas. From Decem- 
ber, 1815, to June, 181b, Joseph Wright, W. M. ; 
Isaac P. Thomas, S. W. ; John C. Cockey, J. W. ; 
William P. Farquhar, Sec; and Charles Devilbiss, 

During this term, at a meeting held Feb. 25, 1816, 
I the lodge manifested its appreciation of the import- 
' ance of " proficiency" by passing the following reso- 
lution : " That every member shall make himself well 
acquainted with such degrees of Masonry as have 
been conferred upon him before he can be permitted 
to advance further into Masonry," thus anticipating 
by forty-four years the standing resolution of the 
Grand Lodge of Slay, I860. The officers from June 
to December, 1816, were Wm. P. Farquhar, W. M, ; 
J. R. Thomas, 8. W.; Isaac Lyon, J. W. ; John C. 
Cockey, Sec. From June, 1817, to June, 1S18, 
Wm. P. Farquhar, W. M. ; Isaac Lyon, S. W. ; Jo- 
seph Wright, J. W. ; J. C. Cockey, Sec, ; and John 
Richneeker, Treas. 

The lodge, from the beginning, had always held its 
stated meetings on Sunday, but on the 2Sth of De- 
cember, 1817, it was resolved, '• That the meetings 
shall for the winter season be on the Saturday evening 
preceding the fourth Sunday, at 6 o'clock P.M." In 
the following spring we find the brethren again as- 
sembling as usual on the first day of the week. The 
officers from Juue to December, 1818, were Wm. 
| P. Farquhar, W. M. ; Joseph Wright, S. W. ; Israel 
Lyon, J. W.; J. C. Cockey, Sec; and George W. 
Gist, Treas. On the 18th June, this same year, the 
lodge had its first funeral procession. It was at 
Libertytown, and in honor of Enoch Taylor, who was 
one of the original or charter members, the first senior 
deacon, and afterwards junior warden, senior warden, 
and treasurer. 

The first junior warden, William Slaymaker, it ap- 
pears, also died during this term, as the lodge, on the 
13th of September, appointed a committee " to take 
in subscriptions to be applied to the erection of a 
tombstoue over his remains, and to wait on the widow 
and trustees of the church on this subject to obtain 
their consent," etc. 

The officers from December, 1818, to June, 1819, 
were Wm. P. Farquhar, W. M. ; Alexander Mcll- 
henny, S. W. ; Charles Devilbiss, J. W. ; J. C. Cockey, 
Sec. ; and George W. Gist, Treas. At the meeting 
of Feb. 22, 1819, 'a memorial was presented from 
Wm. II. McCannon, Thomas Gist, and others, Master 

Masons, eight in number, for a recommendation to the 



Grand Lodge for a charter for new lodge, to be estab- 
lished in Westminster. On motion, the further con- 
sideration thereof was postponed until the fourth Sun- 
day in March," and the postponement seems to have i 
been indefinite, as nothing more is heard of the me- 
inorial. " The craft then moved in procession down to 
the lodge-hall, where an oration was delivered in honor 
of the day by Upton Scott Reid, in the presence of the 
lodge and the public, after which the craft returned j 
to the lodge-room, and the honors of the lodge were | 
conferred on Bro. lleid for his oration." On the 25th . 
of April it was 

" Jletolved, That hereafter the stated meetings of this lodge 
shall be on the evening of the .lay of every full moon at two 
o'clock p.m., except from the first of November until the first i 
day of April, during which time the lodge shall meet at ten 
o'clock a.m., unless the moun shall be full on Sunday, in which 
case the meeting shall he held al the same hour on the Friday 

The officers from June to December, 1819, were 
Alexander Mcllhenny, W. M. ; George W. Gist, 
S- W. ; Benjamin Tingling, J. \Y. ; Upton S. Reid, | 
Sec. ; and Dr. William B. Hebbard, Treas. The I 
festival of St. John the Baptist (June 24th) was kept 
this year in true Masonic style. The number of ] 
brethren present, including visitors, was over one hun- 
dred, and after conferring the third degree "a pro- 
cession was formed and the craft proceeded to St. 
Lucas' church, where diviue service was performed 
and a discourse delivered by the Rev. Bro. John 
Armstrong." By a resolution passed July 7th the 
fee for each of the three degrees was fixed at ten dol- j 
lars, and it was also " Resolved, That if a candidate 
for initiation be elected, and does not atteud at the 
first or second meetiugs after such an election, having 
been duly notified thereof, his petition shall be re- 
turned, and his deposit retained for the benefit of the 
institution." The officers from December, 1S19, to 
June, 1820, were Alexander Mcllhenny, W. M. ; 
Upton S. Reid, S. W. ; Benjamin Jingling, J. W. ; 
John Hyder, Sec. ; and Dr. William B. Hebbard, 
Treas.; from June to December, 1820, Upton S. ; 
Reid, W. M.; Benjamin Yingling, S. W. ; John W. 
Dorsey, J. W. ; John Hyder, Sec. ; and W. B. Heb- 
bard, Treas. On St. John's day (June 24th) "a 
discourse was delivered by tbe W. M., highly gratify- 
ing to all the brethren present." Soon after, on the 
25th of July, the lodge, for the first time, was com- 
pelled to visit upon an unworthy member the severest 
penalty known to their laws. The offender was an 
unaffiliated Master Mason, formerly a member of 
Mechanics' Lodge, No. lo'->, New York, whose appli- 
cation, for membership in this lodge had been twice 

rejected. He was tried on the charge of " uuma- 
sonic conduct. Specification 1st. Using profane lan- 
guage at Uniontown, or or about the 1st of May, 
1820." To which the accused pleaded "guilty." 
"Specification 2d. Being intoxicated on the evening 
of the said day at Uniontown." Pleaded " guilty." 

"Specification 3d. Giving the G and S , 

etc., to persons, or in the presence of persons, who 
were not Masons, at New Windsor, some time in the 
spring of 1819." Pleaded " not guilty." " The tes- 
timony being closed," says the record, "the accused 
made his defense and then retired." The lodge then 
proceeded to consider the case, and after mature con- 
sideration did find the accused guilty of the charge-, 
and sentenced him to be expelled from all the rights 
and benefits of Masonry." The officers from Decem- 
ber, 1820, to June, 1821, were U. S. Reid, W. M.; 
W. H. McCaunon, S. W.; Joshua W. Owings, J. W.; 
John Hyder, Sec. ; and W. B. Hebbard, Treas. ; from 
June to December, 1821, Alexander Mcllhenny, 
W. M. ; Benjamin Yingling, S. W. ; James Blanch- 
ford, J. W. ; William Curry, Sec. ; and W. B. Heb- 
bard, Treas. 

On the 24th of June, "it was unanimously resolved, 
in conformity with the recommendation of the Grand 
Lodge at its last Grand Annual Communication, that 
this lodge in future abandon and desist from the prac- 
tice of using spirituous liquors at their refreshments 
in and about the lodge." 

On the 11th of October there was a solemn pro- 
cession and commemorative services in honor of the 
Grand Master of the State, Charles Wirgman. who 
had recently died. The sermon was preached in St. 
Lucas' Reformed Church, by the Rev. R. Elliott, 
T. M. of Columbia Lodge. No. 58, Frederick, who 
generously returned the fee of ten dollars oifered him 
"into the charity fund, with his hearty and roost 
sincere thanks ami prayers for their welfare in this 
world and eternal happiness hereafter." The officers 
from December, 1821, to June, 1822, were A. Mc- 
llhenny, W. M. ; B. Yingling, S. W. ; James Blanch- 
ford, J. W.; William Curry, See.; and W. B. Heb- 
bard, Treas. 

On the 7th of January, 1S22, it was unanimously 
resolved, " that hereafter our stated meetings shall be 
held on the fourth Sunday in the month, as originally 
printed in the by-laws of 1813." Soon after, on the 
28th of the same month, at Taneytown, the lodga 
buried with Masonic houors its late Past Master, 
Upton Scott Reid. The chaplain on this mournful 
occasion was the Rev. Daniel Zollikoffer. 
! The officers from June to December, J 822, were 
William P. Farquhar.W. M.; William 11. McCan- 



pud, S. W. ; Nicholas Snider, J. W. ; Alexander 
Mcllhenuy, Sec; and W. B. Hebbard, Treas. From 
December, 1822, to June, 1823, Benjamin Yiug- 
lirur, W. M. ; John Giboney, S. W. ; James Blanch- ( 
ford', S. W. ; William Curry, J. W. ; A. Mollhenny, 
Sec. ; and W. B. Hebbard, Treas. From June, 1823, i 
w December, 1823, W. P. Farquhar, W. M. ; N. 
Snider, S. W.; William Curry, .). W. ; A. Moll- | 
henoy, Sec; and W. B. Hebbard, Treas. On the j 
L'lih of February, 1S23, the fee for the three de- j 
prces W:IS reduced to twenty dollars, viz., seven for 
the first, five for the second, and eight for the third. [ 
From December, 1823, to June, 1824, W. P. Far- 
quhar, W. M.; N. Snider, S. W. ; Jacob Glazer, J. 
W. ; A. Mollhenny, Sec. ; and Israel Bentley, Treas. j 

From June 4, 1S15, there had been connected i 
with this lodge a " Mark Lodge," for the purpose of 
conferring the degree of Mark Master, which is now 
given only in Royal A rch Chapters, but at, the meet- 
ing held Feb. 22, 182,1, "Door to Virtue Mark 
Lodge" was declared to be defunct and its books ; 


On the 13th of April, 1824, there was a special , 
meeting at "Shriver's Inn," Westminster, the object i 
of which was to pay proper Masonic respect to the j 
memory of- a deceased brother, John Holmes, of No. , 

I, Ohio. 

On the 13th of June the lodge went into mourning 
for sixty days fur the death of the Grand Master, 
Gen. \V. H. Winder. The officers from June to 
December, 1S24, were AY. P. Farquhar, \Y. M. ; John 
C. (Jockey, S. W.; Joshua W. Owings, J. W. ; W. 

II. McCannon, See.; and Michael Boruetz, Treas. 
Wyoming- Tribe, No. 37, 1. 0. R. M., was insti- ' 

luted March 18, 18G0, and the charter was granted 
April 23, 1S60, to the following members, who then j 
oomposed the lodge ; Frank E. Roberts, John S. j 
Deviibiss, Jr., George H. Routson, B. Mills, C. S. i 
Deviibiss, and C. A. Gosnell, all residing within 
L'uioutown. The first officers of the lodge were, 
viz.: Prophet, F. K. Roberts; Sachem, Dr. B. Mills; 
Senior Sagamore, John S. Deviibiss; Junior Saga- 
more, George H. Routson; Chief of Records, Charles 
Gosnell j Keeper of \Yampum, C. S. Deviibiss. 

The tribe numbers sixty-eight members in good 
'''"ling, and the present officers are as follows: ; 
I'rophct John A. Drown; Sachem, B. L. Walt/.; 
lenior Sagamore. .1. Hamilton Singer; Junior Saga- 
"•■"'. William Strimme; Chief of Records, H. P. 
hnglar; Keeper of Wampum, Jesse T. II. Davis; 
'" ■ rd of Wigwam, G. A. Davis ; Guard of the Forest, ! 
Milium II. Baker. 

Brothers' Relief Division, No. 136, Sons of ' 

Temperance, was incorporated by the General As- 
sembly, Feb. 24, 1SC0. The incorporators were Al- 
fred Zollickoffer, S. Hope, E. Bankerd, J. Bankerd, 
E. Adams, Samuel Anders, D. Stultz, J. li. Christ, 
T. H. Adams, M. Jenkins, J. Beau, J. 11. Gordon, 
J. Zepp, J. McHenry, T. Welling, A. Bitesell, R. 
Sharplcy, A. Hurley, W. S. Lantz, J. E. Starr, Wil- 
liam Eckard, D. Seller, Charles Myers, Lewis Byers, 
N. N. Meredith, T. II. Routson, F. A. Deviibiss, 
J. A. Eckard, J. N. Galwith, G. II. Drown, William 
H. Bankerd. G. Kugle, G. Winter, T. A. Eckard, 
John W. Kinney, J. Little, P. Smith, T. Eckard, G. 
Hamburg, G. W. Gilbert, A. Eckard, A. Little, P. 

The Ilniontown Academy was incorporated by the 
General Assembly by an act. passed March 26, 1839, 
making Samuel Cox, Dr. James L. Billingslea, John 
Smith, Henry Harbaugh, and William Roberts trus- 
tees, and making them and their successors a body- 

The CarroU County Savings Institution was 
organized in Union town Feb. 27, 1871, by an act of 
the General Assembly, with the following gentlemen 
as incorporators : Robert B.- Vardeu, William H. 
Starr, Levi Caylor, David Foutz, Dennis Cookson, 
John Gore, Daniel S. Height, Emanuel Formwalt, 
J. Hamilton Singer, and Levi Engler, all citizens of 
Carroll County. The amount of capital of the cor- 
poration was twenty thousand dollars, and the above 
gentlemen were appointed a board of directors. 

The present officers of the institution arc D. Stoner, 
president; W. H. Starr, treasurer; Levi Caylor, sec- 
retary ; and T. H. Davis, assistant secretary. Board 
of trustees, D. N. Stoner, D. Foutz, Levi Caylor, 
Edwin J. Gilbert, Daniel S. Diehl, T. 11. Davis, W. 
II. Stoner, Dr. J. J. Weaver. 

The institution is in a very prosperous condition, 
and has been successful since its formation. 

The Maryland Mutual Benefit Association of 
Carroll County for Unmarried Persons was incor- 
porated under the laws of Maryland with its home- 
office in Uniontown. The officers are : President, 
Thomas H. Routson ; Vice-President, Philip H. 
Babylon ; Secretary, Jesse T. II. Davis ; Treasurer, 
Edwin G. Gilbert; Agent, John A. Brown; Attor- 
ney, Charles T. Reifsnider. The board of trustees 
are Thomas II. Routson, jEdwin G. Gilbert, Jacob 
J. Weaver, Jr., Ml), P. II. Babylon, John A. 
Brown, Thomas F. Shepherd, Jesse T. II. Davis. 

A copy of the Engine, of Liberty am? Unionlovm 
Advertiser, No. 22 of Volume I., dated Feb. 3, 1814, 
a newspaper published by Charles Shower, at two dol- 
lars per annum, contaius among other matters the 



proceedings of the Legislature of Maryland, Louis ; 
Gassaway, clerk, and a short extract of the proceed- ' 
iogs of the Massachusetts Legislature. 

The editor advertises for subscriptions to a novel 
entitled :: The Storm," in two volumes, juice seventy- 
five cents; also that, the office of the Engine of 
Liberty is removed " to the new brick building of 
Mr. Henry Meyers, nearly opposite to where it was 
formerly kept." Some news is given from New York, 
January 29th, and Richmond, January 27th, with an 
account of the camp at New Point Comfort, and do- 
scribing the enemy's fleet. An account of an earth- 
quake at Showanoetown, Illinois Territory, Dec. 13, 
1813. is published; also a resolution passed by the 
New York Legislature, January 29th, appropriating 
fifty thousand dollars for the relief of the sufferers 
of the Niagara frontier. 

Among the advertisements Morris Meredith adver- 
tises for sale a lot of twenty-five acres of valuable 
laud adjoining Uniontown, on the road lending from 
Baltimore to Hagerstown. 

Joshua Gist offers for sale his dwelling-house and 
plantation, containing six hundred acres, within two 
miles of Westminster. The said Westminster is ex- 
pected to be the county town of a new county that is 
to be made out of Baltimore and Frederick Counties. 
Also two hundred and eighty acres about three or 
four miles from Westminster. 

Israel Rinehart and Ulrich Switzer, executors of 
David Rinehart, deceased, and Hannah Urner and 
John Rinehart, administrators of Jonas Uruer, give 
notice to creditors. 

On the fourth page is given a column of foreign 
news, embracing England, France, and Germany. 
Jacob Appier, Sr., advertises three lots of land in 
Libertytown, also seven and a half acres of woodland 
adjoining the lands of Abraham Albaugh. 

Ann Willis offers her farm of two hundred and 

eighty-two and a half acres, ou Sam's Creek, on the 

road leading from Libertytown to Baltimore, for sale. 

Beal Dorsey, near Freedom Town, advertises one 

hundred and fifteen acres of land, near McMurray's 

John Shriver offers for sale a dwelling-house, 
wheelwright-shop, and two lots in Uniontown. 

Samuel Lookingpeale, at Capt. John Williams', de- 
sires to sell sixty-five acres of laud within half a mile 
of Philip (Vomer's tavern. 

Edward Stevenson, within four or five miles of the 
Sulphur Springs, Frederick County, advertises his 
farm of two hundred and ten acres. 

Henry C. Dorsey otters his mill-seat and farm, on 
the v,:.icrs of Sam's Creek, three-quarters of a mile 

below Mr. Londes' mill, also two hundred and twenty- 
three acres in Hampshire County, Va., for sale. 

John Williams, desiring to move to the Western 
country, wishes to sell his farm of two hundred and 
thirty-eight acres, situate on the waters of Sam's 

This copy was about one-fourth the size of the 
Democratic Advocate, is well printed, and seems to 
have been well sustained, judging from its advertising 

A copy of the Engine of Liberty, bearing date 
Nov. 25, 1813, which was published at Uniontown, 
contains nine columns and a half of Judge Luther 
Martin's charge to the grand jury of Baltimore County 
and the grand jury's reply. 

The marriages of Philip Bishop, of Adams County, 
Pa., and Miss Mary Senseney. of Frederick County, 
ou the 23d of November, 1813, and Daniel Stoner 
aud Miss Ann Roop, both of Frederick County, on the 
25th of the same month, are published ; also the death, 
on the 12th of November, of Philoman Barnes, aged 
about ninety years. 

A meeting of the citizens of Uniontown and vicinity 
is called to meet on December 7th, at the house of 
! George Herbach, to petition Congress for a post-route 
I from Westminster to Fredericktown ; also to petition 
i the next Legislature to grant them a lottery to raise 
money to purchase a fire-engine. 

Some war news is reported, including an account of 
I his victory over the Creek Indians on November 4th 
| by Gen. Jackson. One or two articles published 
i showed that the editor, like most Federalists, was 
I opposed to the war of 1812-14. 

Among the advertisements are the sale of farming 
utensils and household goods by Francis Hollingsworth, 
Little Pipe Creek ; auction sale of dry goods, etc., by 
John Kurtz, at Uniontown ; the sale of one hundred 
aud twenty acres of land on Meadow Branch, one 
mile from Uniontown, by Christian Stoufiler ; also 
notices of two petitions to the General Assembly of 
Maryland, one of which, signed by citizens of Balti- 
more and Frederick Counties, is a prayer for a new 
county. The metes and bounds asked for are substan- 
tially the same as those granted twenty-four years 
later, when the bill was passed creating the county of 

The other petition was for a law " to open a road 
from New Windsor to intersect, the old Liberty road, 
on the line between Eli Dorsey and James Pearre, 
about a quarter of a mile below Conrad Dudderar's 

The Star of Federalism, a small newspaper of four 
pages, each with five columns, was established March, 



I gl 6, by Charles Sower, with the motto, "Nothing 
extenuate, uor aught set down in malice." Its terms 
nerc two dollars per annum, and it was printed in the 
building now occupied by 11. J. Matthias. Its agents 

! bertyTown, Nathan England; Sam's Creek, Jacob Enndis; 
Nov Windsor, William Brawnor, Cbr. Ecker; Baltimore 
County, Tuouias Polo; Westminster, Thomas Gist, Nicholas 
Lemon; New Market, William Hodgkissj Taneytown, 
Kicholus Snider; Middleburg, J. C. and C. W. Gist; Pipe 
Creek, W. P. Farquhar; Union Bridge, Moses B. Farquhar; 
Emmittsbuig, P. P.eid, or Alexander; Baltimore, Edward 
J. Coale; Cumberland, Francis Rci.t ; Mount Pleasant, 
David Stem : Norristowu, Christopher Sower, Nathan 
Potts; Trudelphia, Andrew Graff; Darnes Town, Robert 
Grooracs, John Candler; Hyatt's Town, William Hyatt; 
Pickneyville, D. Holhday. 

It was in size thirteen by twenty inches, and after 
its publication ir. Uoioutown for a year was removed 
to Frederick Town, and there published by Mr. Sower 
is late as December, 1819. 

77m Enterprise was established in 18oG by William 
Sedwick and Dr. Mills. It was a small sheet, and 
was published until the close of the year, when it was 
merged into a larger paper called The Weekly Press. 
The latter was first issued in January, 1S57, with 
J. II. Christ as editor, its publishers being those of 
its predecessor, Dr. Mills and William Sedwick. It 
was published as late as July 26, 1861. 

Church of God. — Religion appears to have taken 
firm hold of the people of Uniontown and its vicinity 
.: an early date. Allusion lias already been made to 
the building of St. Lucas' church by a lottery, under 
llic auspices of the Presbyterian denomination. The 
congregation of the Church of God was organized in 
1 633, numbering at that time about fifty members, and 
'he Presbyterian faith not having proved as popular in 
'.!»:• community as was expected, St. Lucas' was trans- 
1' tred to the new organization. Abraham Appier was 
the elder of the church, and Isaac Appier, deacon. 
. Edward West was the first regular pastor, and was suc- 
oecded by Rev. Maxwell, Rev. Jacob Linningcr, Rev. 
Joseph Adams, Rev. William McFadden, Joseph 
Bombarger, R. C. Price, Rev. I. L. Richmond, Rev. 
oalctymer, and several others. The congregation 
now numbers about fifty members, and is under the 
eare of Rev. Mr. Lugenbeel. This church is the 
■"other of the churches at Middletown, Mayberry, 
1 nzzelburg, and Greenwoods, which are all now in 
l, '*« charge. The Warfield, Winfield, and Carlton 
( lurches at one time belonged to the same charge, 
»ud were under the supervision of this church. Their 
• "»ual camp-meeting is held a few miles from Union- 

The Church of God Cemetery is situated imme- 
I diately in rear of the church. The remains of the 
I following persons are buried within its limits: 

I M. M. Currey, died July 5, 1830, aged 35. 

| Martha Currey, died May 16, 1852, aged 56. 

' Eleanor Banks, died llee. 31, 1859, aged 81. 

• John M. Ferguson, bum Sept. S, 17S0, died Oct. 20, 1861, 

i Rebecca, his wife, died Sept. 1G, IS 13, aged 60. 

James Currie, died Aug. 26, 1S27, aged 64. 

Rebecca Eckard, died Feb. 6, 1S42, aged 39 years, 3 months, 
9 days. 

John W. Davis, horn March 22, 1813, died Aug. 0, 1577. 

Mary Davis, horn March 5, 1792, died Jan. 8, 1S65. 

Jonathan G. Davis, born March 2S, 1779, died Jan. 4, IS42. 

Edward Davis, died Aug. 2, 1S25, aged S. 
| John S. Shriver, born Aug. 26, 1794, died Dec. 0, 1SI4. 

Elizabeth Ann Mary Martha Grammar, died April 20, 1833. 
I Andrew Werble, died April 29, 1S49, aged 65 years, 6 months, 
I 4 days. 

Rachael Metoulf, died April 12, 1826, aged 54 years. 

Solomon Beam, bom July 11, 1798, died June 20, 1819. 
| Isaac Hiteshew, died March 19, 1829, aged 34 years, 2 months, 
I 15 months. 

Sivilla Reck, died March 15, 1S26, aged 27 years, 1 month, 
13 days. 

Ezra Metcalfe, died Jan. 4, 1811, aged 29 years, 2 months, 

Conrad Stuller, horn June 8, 1823, died July 3, 1S7G. 

Henry Iliner, born March 9, 1770, died Sept. 12, 1847. 

Hannah Hincr, died Dec. 11, 1847, aged 02 years, 3 months. 

Samuel Hiner, horn April 5, 1817, died Nov. 8, 1S76. 

Esther Hiteshew, d.eJ Got. 31, 1844, aged 72 years, 14 days. 

David Tingling, burn Oct. 20, IS01, died April 23, 1874. 

William II. Christ, hem April 25, 1831, died Nov. 9, 1802. 

Morgan A. Christ, died Jan. 2, 1870, aged 34 years, 3 months, 
25 days. 

Jacob Appier, died April 23, 1S23, aged 31 years, 4 months 
] day. 

Abraham Appier, horn Dec. 10, 1790, died Feb. 1, 187S. 

Rebecca, his wife, and daughter of Jacob Hoffmnu, of Bain- 
bridge, Lancaster Co., Pa.,' died Aug. 28, I860, aged 70, and 
who was a member of the church for 50 years. 

Mary J., wife of D. R. Carlylo, died Feb. 19, 1875, aged 50 
years, 5 months. 

Jacob Christ, born Sept. 22, 1789, died Nov. 30, 1 S72. 

Elizabeth, his wife, died .May 10, 1867, aged 6S years, 10 
j months, 12 days. 

Abraham Garner, died Aug. 2, 1789, aged 63 years, 10 months, 
25 days. 

Mary Cover, horn Dee. 20, 1754, died March 17, 1S28. 

Sarah, wife of Dan. Smith, died July 4, 1844, aged CO years, 
3 months, 14 days. 

Barbara, relict of Barton Bean, died May 12, IS5S a"cd 74 
years, 1 month, 5 days. 

Sophia Yingling, aged 70. 

William Wilson, died Nov. 12, lS49,aged 73 years, 9 months 
28 days. 

Elizabeth, his wife, died Dec. 28, 1809, aged 81 yeais, 4 
! months, 7 days. 
| Margaret, wife of Ephraim Garner, died Aug. 12, 1855, aged 

34 years, 2 months, 6 days. 
j Oliver, son of William and Elizabeth Hiteshew. Enlisted in 
1 Co. E, 203d Regiment P. V., Aug. 31, 1864, and was killed 
u tlio act of planting the Hag on Foit 

I Jan. 15, IS65, whilst in 
I Fisher, aged 18 years, 3 


James Hiteshew, died Nov. 21, 1874, aged 24 .years. 

Anna, wife of John Gore, died March 10, 1S74, aged 63 years, | 
6 months, 16 days. 

Rebecca Grammar, horn Sept. 10, 1793, died Juno 8, 1804. 

Sarah C. Grammar, horn June 22, 1824, died April, 1864. 

Mary 1). C, wife of John Grammar, died Aug. 23, 1850, aged 
67 years, S months. 

Elizabeth, wife of A. Koons, died Aug. 2, 1874, aged 82. 

Angeline, wife of John T. Wilson, died Feb. 5, 1878, aged 02 
years, 3 months, 20 days. 

Annie Clay, died Feb. 19, 1877, aged 69 years, 10 months. 

Mary Ann llollenberger, died Jan. 4, 1S55, aged 37 years, 5 
months, 10 days. 

Peter llollenberger, died March 22, 1800, aged 70 years, 4 
months, 22 days. 

Magdalena, his wife, died Feb. 23, 1S62, aged 70. 

Rachel Yingling, horn Jan. 28, 1801, died July 30, 1865'. 

Jacob Bloom, born July 20, 1794, died Sept. 19, 1802. 

Mary, his wife, born Jan. 20, 1S00, died March 24, 1877. 

Samuel Anders, died April 26, lS65,aged 01 years, 10 months, 
5 days. 

Lydia, his wife, died Dee. 12, 1870, nged 74 years, S months, | 

28 days. 

John Garner, died Sept. 13, 1800, aged 57 years. 

Hannah llelshue, died March 1, 1876, aged 74. 

Ary, wife of James Few, died April 30, 1861, aged 09 years, i 
3 months, 19 days. 

Thomas Metealf, born Dec. 5, 17S3, died March 17, 1SG2. 

George Warner, died June 18, 1862, aged 79. 

Blender A. Warner, bom Dec. 22, 1780, died Feb. 20, 1867. j 

Catharine llollenberger, born July 4, 1825, died April 7, 

John P. Glass, a member of Co. G. 6th Md. Potomac Home ; 
Brigade, who died at Frederick Hospital, Sept. 12, 1S03, aged I 

29 years, 4 months, 3 days. 

Lieut. Peter Wolfe, Co. G, Md. P. H. B., died Aug. 1, 1862, j 
aged 34 years, 4 months, 3 days. 

Mary Smith, died Jan. 11, 1863, aged 54. 

Sarah Burgoon, died Nov. 20, 1878, aged 71 years, 11 months, ! 
20 days. 

John Eckard, born Jan. 24, 1795, died Sept. S, 1S72. 

Elizabeth Eckard, born Jan. 12, 1799, died Dee. 30, 1805. 

John A. Eckard, born Aug. 29, 1831, died Aug. 31, 1870. 

Anna Fuss, died Dec. 1, 1S63, aged SS. 
^Elizabeth Bare, born Oct. 15, 1777, died Feb. 12, 1S65. 

Lydia Senseney, died Oct. 20, I860, age.l 04 years, months, 
19 days. 
. Washington Senseney, born May 28, 1S15, died Dec. IS, 1868. ' 

Mary A., his wife, bom July 27, 1S15, died June 20, 1875. 

Joanna Gilbert, died March S, 1873, aged 37 years, 5 months, 

Sarah Herbach, born Oct. 16, 1801, died April 12, 1S72. 

Mary Bentley, died Sept. 27, 1821, aged 21 years, 6 months, 
18 days. 

Rebecca Steele, died April 6, 1879, aged 65 years, 6 months, 

William Hollenberry, horn Nov. 13, lS17,died Feb. 23, 1870. i 
Peter Christ, bom July 19, 1786, died March 2, 1S70. 
Elizabeth, his wife, died Oct. 17. 1868, aged si. 
James Gilbert, died July 15, 1877, aged 73 years. 5 months, 

St. Paul's Evangelical Lutheran congregation was 
formed Dec. 20. 1869. It was then under the charge 
of Rev. J. F. Deiner, and numbered eijjht meuihers. 
The elders were Dr. J. J. Weaver and Jacob F.cker; 
the deacons, O. M. Ilitshew, W. H. Hoffman, and J. 
Routson. Mr. Deiner held the position as pastor of 
the charge until 187-!, when lie was succeeded by 
Rev. G. W. Anderson ; the membership at this time 
was steadily increasing. They held their services in 
a hall uDtil the erection of their present, edifice. The 
church, which was built by a general contribution, cost 
about two thousand dollars. The comer-slone was 
laid Oct. 24, 1871. and the building was dedicated in. 
December of the same year, under the supervision of 
Rev. D. Morris, of Baltimore. After three years of 
untiring services Mr. Anderson resigned his charge, in 
May, 187G, when the Rev. David B. Floyd was called 
to occupy the pulpit. The estimated cost of their 
handsome parsonage, which is now under erection, is 
two thousand dollars. The present officers of the 
church are: Elders, Dr. Weaver and Jacob Ecker: 
Deacons, O. M. Hitshew and J. Routser, who have 
occupied those respective positions since the organiza- 
tion of the church. The congregation now number; 
forty members, and the ftnount of contributions for 
1881 was about four hundred dollars. This church 
has iu its charge three other congregations, viz., 
" Winter's Church," " Baust Church," and "Mount 
Union ;" it lias also a Sunday-school attached to it. 
which is in a very flourishing condition. Bev. Mr. 
Floyd has been the pastor for five years and gives 
entire satisfaction, and is untiring in his efforts to 
promote the interests of his church. 

The Pipe Creek Circuit of the Methodist Protestant 
Church was organized in 1829, and has steadily in- 
creased in power and influence. Below is given the 
names of the pastors who have successively ministered 
to the various congregations under their charge iu 
Uuiontown and its vicinity : 


Alamanda Eckard, died July 
lonths, 12 days. 

Henry Eckard, died April 21, 1870, aged 15. 
Edward Arntz, died Oct. 10, 1867, aged 26 years, 1 

S79, aged 43 years, 8 
tli, 3 

9, D. E. Reese; 1830, F. Stier, J. Hanson; 1831, F. Sti 
I. Ibbertson; 1S32, Isaac Webster, C. W. Jacobs: Is, 
Isaac Webster, W. Sexsmithj 183 1, Josiab Varden, 
Doyle; 1S35, II. Doyle, J. W. Everest, A. A. LipscoU) 
1836-37, J. S. Reese, J. W. Porter; 1S3S, Eli Henklo, 
W. Porter; 1839, G. D. Hamilton, E. Henklo; 1810, G. 
Hamilton, B. Appleby; 1S41, .1. S. Reese, J. T. Wat 
1842, L. 11. Beese, P. L. Wilson, J. Elderdicej 1843, J. 
Reese, S. L. Rawleigh, W. T. Eva: 1841, W. Collier, X. 
.McLean, J. 1). Brooks; 1845, W. Collier, P. 1,. Wilson, 
K. Nichols; 1S46, W. Collier, J. K. Nicholas; 1847. 
Morgan, T. D. Valiant; 1818, J. Morgan, W. liob.i ; 1^ 
D. E. Beese, T. L. McLean; 1851, II. P. Jordan, J. R. 
erts; 1S52, II. P. Jordan, 11. J. I i.,v ; IS53, X. M. M il 
H.J.Day; 1854, J. A. McFadden ; ls.,i, J. A. M.I a 
den, F. Swcnlzell; I85G, K. S. Grccmiway, F. S\ entz' 
1857-60, .1. T. Ward, J. T. -Morrax ; 1800. I). 13. Bees.-. 



-65, r. L. Wi 

B. Jones; 1861,D.E.Rci 
fiS, It. S. Karris; 1S6S-71, D. Wilson; 1871, J. K. Nichol 
1S72-74, 11. C. Cusliing; 1874-77, J. W. Charter; 187 
-H, C. II. Littleton. 

The following are the names of some of th 
persons buried iu Unioutown cemetery: 

Washington, son of Moses and S. ]!. Brown, died March 1: 
!•-(, aged 30 .years, 3 months, 2 days. He was a member c 
I t, 4th Regiment Md. Vols. 

Anna Carlyle, died Aug. 1, I8S0, age 


Meredith, died Pent. 12, 1S00, aged 90 years, 10 months, 
S67, aged 70 years, 1 1 months, 
867, aficd 75 years, 9 


Rachel O'Brien, died Dec. 25, 1S70, aged 70. 

«arab Boham, died July 7, 1S57, aged 71. 

Jacob Zimmerman, born Dee. 30, 1787, died Teh. 5, 1859. 

Mary, wife of John Babylon, died March 2, 1859, aged 45 

r», 8 

nn Robi 
R., Ma 

I SCO, aged 61 

1 wife, 

Philip Babylon, born Oct. 6, 1776. died Jan. 10, 1S42. 
Elizabeth Babylon, borr, Oct. 12, 17S2, died July 19, 1857. 
liiiehel Hammond, died July 23, 1846, aged S2 years, 5 
mi nths, 6 days. 

Kleanor Roberts, died Feb. 28, ISlfi, aged 7 7. 

Rachel Brooks, born Dee. 18, ISIS, died Jan. 31, 1851. 

Caroline Zollickoffer, died Dee. 20, 1S50, aged S4. 

John M. A. Zollickoffer, died May 20, 1836, aged 51 years, 3 

1 01 tllS, 1(1 days. 

William Wright, died Jan. 25, 1838, aged 3jV- 

Rcv. Daniel Zollickoffer, died Nov. 1, 1862, aged 72; and 
Elizabeth, his wife, died July 5, 1851, aged 67. 

Rev. Dr. William Zollickoffer, died April 6, 1853, 59 years, 
S months; aud Sarah, his wife, died May 24, 1843, aged 44 
years, 10 months, 20 days. 

Richard Brown, born Dec. 23, 1703. died March 14, 1850; and 
5u an, his wife, born June 10, 1787, died Sept. 24, 1S72. 

Samuel Roberts, died June 16, 1838, aged 32 years, 5 mouths, 


at. 10, 


Charles Stephj 
roths, 26 days. 

John D. Nurris, died Feb. 4, 1829, aged 23. 
Elizabeth Norris, died April 11, 1841, aged 57. 
Nicholas Stevenson, born May IS, 1780, died Aug. S, 1838 
N 10 y Stevenson, died May 21, ISIS, aged 70. 
S irah Stevenson, died April 10, 184 1, aged 00. 
\. illiam Devilbiss, born April 30, 1700, died Sept. 1, 1834. 
Jemima Stevenson, died May 7, LS52, aged 70. 
lVter Senscney, born Feb. 3, 1789, died March 21, 1865. 
Kcturah Senscney, died June 11, 1S5S, aged 70. 
Richard Parrfeh, born May 10, 1822, died Dec. 2, 1851. 
Rachel Rebecca Senscney, died March 19, 1SC2, aged 30. 
Michael Spousler, died Oct. 25, 1832. 

George Hcrbnch, died April 28, 1S36, aged 09 years, 4 month 
»d F.lizabeth, his wife, born Dee. 21, 1771, died July 2S, 18c 
Zachariah Weeling, died Sept. 16, 1870, aged Go. 
Abraham Shrivcr, died Aug. 24, 1S55, aged SO years, 

" Shrivcr, died April 25, 1869, aged 51. 

Jngan, l.o, 


Dungan, b..rn Jan. 16, 1811, died April 28, 1S63. 
•-•lb Wright, died July 14, 1867, aged 85 years, 7 moi 

(of M. 1». Church), died Feb. 23, 

15 days. 
Lydia Meredith, died , 

10 days. 

Catharine Meredith, died Feb. 2 

William N. Meredith, died Jan. 14, 1868, aged 53 years, 9 
months, 2o days. 

Mary G. Meredith, died .Tan. aged 10, 1S6S, aged 61 years, 2 
months, 29 days. 

Elizabeth B. Meredith, born Feb. 22, 1802, died Nov. 20, 

Nathaniel X. Meredith, born April 5, 179S, died Dec. 25, 

Nathan Roup, born May 3, IS35, died April 10, 1874. 

Michael Nusbnum, died March 8, 1877, aged D6 years, 2 
months, S days; and Catharine, his wife, Jan. 19, 1873, aged 
77 years, 7 months, 3 days. 

William Shaw, died April IS, 1SG9, aged 68 years, 3 months. 

Anna Maria, wife of Rev. David Wilson, died May 29, 1870, 
aged 41 years. 4 months, 11 days. 

Dennis Cooksou, died July 22, 1879. ngod 44 years, 4 months, 
10 days. 

Joseph Cookson, horn Aug. 21. 1793. died June 1, 1S46. 

Rachel Cool. --on, born Feb. 1, 1800, died Jan. 24, 1S75. 

Samuel Cookson, born Sept. 17. 1762, died Dec. 22, 1836 ; 
and Rachel, his wife, born 1779, died 1S63, aged 74. 

John W. Babylon, died Nov. 19, 1S66, aged 21 years, S 
months,' is day-. 

John N. Starr, born March 21, 1808, died May 26, 1SSU; and . 
Mary, his wife, born March 10, 1810, died Aug. 27, 187S. 

Hannah M.. wife of Milton S. Starr, died Jan. 13, 1874, aged 
29 years, 5 months, 27 days. 

Mordecai Haines, died Jan. 19, 1861, aged 40. 

Louisa Babylon, died Dec. 6, 1854, aged 38 years, 9 months, 
17 days. 

Deborah, wife of David Font?., died Sept. 25, 1842, aged 41. 

Charles Devilbiss, born Aug. 13, 1786, died Sept. 29, 1862; 
and Elizabeth, his wife, died Feb. 27, 1S64, aged 76 years, 1 
month, 21 days. 

Ann Eliza, consorl of John S. Devilbiss. died April 4, 1S69, 
aged 34 years, 6 days. 

Martha Devilbiss, died Jan. 19, lSOS, aged 37 years. 15 days. 

Mary E. Devilbiss, died Oct. 17, 1870, aged 40 years, 1 
month, 4 days. 

Win. II. Devilbiss, born Jan. 13, 1821, died April 3, 18S0. 

Edward Devilbiss. born Oct. 5, 1822. died Jan. 1, 1880 ; and 
Louisa C, bis wife, born Sept. 11, 1S25, died Feb. 2, 1879. 

John B. William--, died July 23. 1861, aged 66 ; and Temper- 
once, his wife, died Nov. 19, 1872, aged 69 years, 7 days. 

John Smith, died Aug. 7, 1868. aged 70 years, 4 months, 9 
days; and Mary, his wife, died Nov. 6, 1878, aged 77 year-, 7 
months, 16 days. 

William Goswell, died July 20, 1839, aged 56. 

Matilda Morelock, died April 15, 1851, aged 53 years, 6 

Nancy Wilson, wife of George Harris, died March 1, 1858, 
aged 65. 

Mary Brisco, died Aug. 17, 1SG9, aged 75. 

John Hyder, born Aug. 22, 17-<7, died March 20, 1878; and 
Catharine, his wife, b..rn April 16, 1788, died March 13, 1863; 
Englid Hyder, their son, born Aug. 31, 181 I, die 1 Fob. 12, 1863. 

"Sydney Hyder Johnson, aged 23." 

Below are given the votes polled for district officers 
since June 4, 1851 : 



1851. — Vote for Primary School Commissioners : Isaac Slingluff 
253, Wm. Hughes 117, Henry II. Herbaugh 157, 'William 
Ecker 44. 

1853.— For Justices : Richard Dell 280, Hclpber Crawmer 55< 
Join, Smelzer 33, II. W. Dell IT, 11. 11. Herbaugh 354, 
Samuel Shunk 259, W. K. Currcy 292, Joshua Switeer 
321; Constables: Wm. Segafouso 3SJ, Win. Brown 225, 
Win. Wilson 311, Win. Dolphy 197 ; Road Supervisor: 
Frederick Tawney 240, Thos. F. Shepherd, 302. 

1S55— For Justices: Henry Fleagle 4TG, II. 11. Herbaugh 4S0, 
E. A. Adee 4S1, John X.Lowe 480, John Smelzer 14T; 
Constables: Win. Delphy 463, Win. Wilson -166, W. Sega- 
foose, 232; Road Supervisor : Hiram Englar, 4SS. 

1S57.— For Justices: 11. H. Herbaugh 378, D. B. Fleagle 353, 
J. B. Christ 301. S. Anders 340; Constables: Win. Brown 
Kin, J. T. Myers 32S, Isaac B. Wright 33S ; Road Super- 
visor: J. B. Williams 342. 

1859.— For Justices: W. H. Haines 153, Caleb Baring 13S, W. 
H. Herbaugh 311, R. B. Fleagle 331, Joshua Swilzer 315, 
John Hesson355; Constables: Frederick Tawney 137. J. 
R. Haines 361, Levi Hartley 351; Road Supervisor : Sam- 
uel Beck 330. 

1861.— For Justices : H. H. Herbaugh 451, John Wesson -117, 
Levi Fleagle 445, Joshua Swilzer 449 ; Constables : A. S. 
Warner 346, Win. Singer 412, J. W. Segafooso 202 ; Road 
Supervisor: Win. Beck 364, W. S. LanU 91, Noah Plow- 

The public school trustees for 1881 andlSS2 have 
been : 

1 and 2. Uniontown.— J. 0. Brubaker, Jesse J. H. Davis, Win. 
11. McCollum. 

3. Tunker Meeting-house.— George 11. Brown, Levi Caylor, 

John H. Jordan. 

4. Moredock's.— David Roop, John Royer, Henry Brunner. 

5 and 6. Fiizellsburg. — Dr. Jacob Rinebart, Alfred Warner, 
Leonard Zile. 

7. Pleasant Valley.— Wm. Bowers, Noah Powell, Uriah Feaser. 

8. Baust Church.— Jesse Unger, Wm. Ncusbaum, Win. Farm- 

9..Fairview.— Davis Myers, Daniel Diehl, David Stoner. 
10. Bear Mount.-^Samuel Wantz, David E. Morelock, George 

W. Hull. 
1. Middletown African School. — John Thompson, Summcrfield 

Roberts, Lloyd Coats (colored). 

The teachers and number of pupi 
iding April 15, 1881, were: 



1, H. P. Engler, 49; 2, Ella Beam, 42; 3, T. H. Adams, 30 ; 4, 
S. P. Weaver, 54; 5, Thomas Tipton, 41; 6, J. J. Rein- 
dollar, 48; 7, J. P. Earnest, 42; S, Francis L. Delaplane, 
51 ; 9, A. II. Diffenbaugh, 47 ; lo, Sue L. Langly, 31 ; 1 
(colored school), T. F. McCann, 20. 

Frizzellburg. — The village of Frizzellburg is five 
miles from Westminster, and pleasantly situated near 
Meadow Branch. It was named in honor of the 
Frizzell family, early identified with I he settlement. 

Among the first families located in the immediate 
vicinity of the town were the Smiths, Haifleys, Har- 
mans. Blacks, Hoops, and Warners. 

The house now owned by Jeremiah Rinebart was 
the first erected in the village, and was occupied by 

Daniel Smith, one of the first residents of the town, 
in 1814, and was built probably prior to the year 
1800. In the year 1811, Nimrod Frizzell, accom- 
panied by his family, settled in the neighborhood aud 
worked at his trade, that of a blacksmith. At that 
time there were but few houses within the village- 
limits. The Haifleys lived in the house now occupied 
by Larry Freeman. George Harman built and re- 
sided in the present residence of Edward Sis. Jacob 
Black lived in the house which is now the home of 
Mrs. Vance. In 1818, Nimrod Frizzell built the 
house which is now owned aud occupied by Judge 
Frizzell. lie lived there and kept a hotel, together 
with a small store, which was conducted in his name 
after his death until 1860. Frank Lytic was the 
first school-teacher in the village, aud was followed by 
Samuel Moffat and Francis Matthias. Dr. Cook was 
the first regular physician, and located here about the 
year 1847. lie remained but a short time, and was 
'followed by Dr. Baker, Dr. Shipley, Dr. Roberts, Dr. 
Kennedy, and Dr. Price respectively. In 1864, Dr. 
J. E. Rinebart located here, lie was a native of 
Carroll County, and was born in Hampstead District. 
He came to the vicinity of Frizzellburg in 1S36, at- 
tended the public schools at this point, and in 1 84 
entered the Gettysburg Academy, Pa., where he 
graduated in 1855. He attended lectures in Phila- 
delphia, and graduated at the Medical College in 185^. 
After locating and remaining in Pennsylvania during 
the war, he permanently located in Frizzellburg. 
He was married to Maggie, a daughter of Peter 
Greeble, of Emtnittsburg, Frederick Co., Md. Mr. 
Rinebart represented his county in the Maryland Leg- 
islature in 1S7C. Richard Brown was (he earliest 
merchant, and was succeeded by Darius Brown, who 
opened his place of business in the front room of the 
house now occupied by Ephraim Cover. In 1849 ho 
built himself a store-room and removed his goods to 
that building. Campbell & Everheart succeeded to 
his business in 1851. ' Mr. Brown having died the 
previous year, they built themselves a larger store- 
house to accommodate the rapidly-increasing trade of 
the village. A gentleman by the name of Richard 
Dell, and also a Mr. Holliberry, were the successors of 
Messrs. Campbell & Everheart, and were themselves 
succeeded, in 1881, by Mr. Kerster. 

In 1842, Tsaac Appier built, the dwelling and store- 
house now owned aud occupied by Mr. Warner. Mr. 
Appier sold it, to Mr. Gilbert, who kept a grocery- 
store, and who subsequently sold it to Valentine 
Vance. A dry-goods and grocery-store has since been 
established here, Mr. Warner having purchased the 
properly from Mrs. Vance in 18G0. 



>fr. Frizzell, the son of Nimrod Frizzell, from whom 
the village received its title, was born in the year 1818, 
, •• | has always been a resident of the place. For 
three years he held the position of leather inspector 
of the city of Baltimore. He married, in 1844, Miss 
Barbara N., daughter of John and Mary Swigart. Mr. 
Frizzell is at present one of the judges of the Orphans' 

Church of God. — This congregation was formed 
under the auspices of Rev. William McFadden. The 
church was erected and dedicated in the year 1 842, 
at a cost of seven hundred and fifty dollars. Rev. 
Joseph Bornbarger delivered the dedicatory sermon. 
The following gentlemen composed the buildiug com- 
mittee, and were authorized to collect all the subscrip- 
tions : Benjamin Fleagle, Levi Fleagle, James Gilbert, 
Caleb Boring, and Henry Fleagle. The congregation 
at that time numbered forty members. 

Rev. Mr. Lugenbeel is the present pastor, and Levi 
Fleagle the elder. The latter has held that position 
Btnce the organization of the church. The trustees 
fur the year 1881 are Levi Fleagle, Win. L. Fleagle, 
Benjamin Fleagle, and John T. Baust, and the num- 
ber of members fifteen. In the rear of the church 
is the Church of God cemetery, in which are buried 
several children, and (here are also many unmarked 
jiraves. Among the names recorded are Eliza Jabes, 
died Jau. 22, 1802, aged sixty-five years, four mouths, 
roar days, and Thomas Jones, died Aug. 11, 1873, 
aged fifty-two years. 

The building in which are held the sessions of the 
Frizzellburg Academy is commodious and amply pro- 
vided with all the necessary paraphernalia for propel 
training and education. The school is graded to suit 
the ages and development of scholars, and is supplied 
with an excellent corps of teachers. 

Within four miles of the village, on the banks of 
the Big Pipe Creek, there stood until recently an old 
■tone mill and dwelling, erected in 1770' by two 
Tories named Graffs. They were driven from Phila- 
delphia because of the intemperate expression of their 
unpopular opinions and sympathies, and fled to Car- 
roll County (at that time Frederick) for refuge. They 
Bellied upon this stream and prospered, their calami- 
nes having taught them the wisdom id' moderation 
and taciturnity. 

Tyrone.— The village of Tyrone is situated thirty- 
■>•■-■ miles west of Baltimore and six miles west of 

csitminster, on what is generally known as "the 

• !, 1> road" leading from Westminster to Taueytown. 
; ' "''tains a handsome church, a mill, a store for gen- 

'■ merchandise, and a number of dwelling-houses. 
''"■ lamiwalt family, early settlers in the neighbor- 

hood, founded the town. William L. Fleagle is the 
postmaster and principal merchant, and W. II. Rider 
superintends the mill. 

Emmanuel Church., or Baust's church, in which 
the Lutheran and Beformed congregations jointly wor- 
ship, was built many years a^o, but was thoroughly 
repaired and almost completely remodeled, Oct. IS, 
1868. The congregations were originally organized 
prior to the year 1794, and worshiped in an old log 
school-house which stood upon the site of the present 
church, the land having been deeded Jan. 10, 1704, 
by Valentine and Maria Baust, to build a church 

I and school-house, and it was from the donors that the 

j church derived its former name. 

The two congregations were incorporated by an 
act of the General Assembly of Maryland passed Jau. 

1 12, 1835. The incorporators were John Fleagle, Sr., 

; John Derr, Michael Morelock, and Peter Haifley. 
At a meeting of the two congregations in 1838 there, 
were present John Derr, Peter Dayhofl", Peter Golle, 
George Maxwell, John Fleagle, Jr.," Valentine Wentz, 
and Jacob Valentine. 

The officers of the church at this time were as 
follows : 

German Reformed Congregation : Elders, John Fleagle, Peter 
Golle; Deacons, Peter DayboiT, John Fleagle; Trustees, 
George Maxwell, John Derr. Lutheran Congregation: 
Elders, M. Morelock, Andrew Babylon; Deacons, Henry 
Hahn, Jacob Valentine; Trustees, Valentine Wentz, Peter 

The ministers who have served the Lutheran con- 

I gregation, as far as can be ascertained, are as follows : 

John Grupp was the first, and was at the time also 

the pastor of Taneytown, Krider's, Winter's, and 

■ Silver Run Lutheran Churches. He was followed in 

I 1819 by Henry Graver; Rev. John N. Hoffman, 

I 1833; Samuel Fiockle, 1834; Ezra Keller, 1835; 

' Solomon Sentman, 1840 ; Rev. Philip Willard, 1S45 ; 

Cornelius Reimensnider, John Winters, 1850; Sam- 

: uel Henry, 1855 to 1868; Mr. Deiner, 1872 ; Rev. 

G. W. ADderson,and the present pastor, Rev. David 

B. Floyd. 

This church was in the Emmittsburg and Taney- 
town charge until 1840, when it was transferred to 
the Westminster Circuit. Again, about the year 1S70, 
i it was transferred to the Uniontown Circuit, to which 
it now belongs. The present officers of the two con- 
gregations arc : 

Lutheran: Elders, William Nusbaum and Jacob Myers ; Dea- 
cons, Dr. J. E. Kiuehart, Lewis Myers ; Trnstei s, Ji remiah 
Rinebart, Ephraira Winter. This congregation numbers 
ninety members. German Reformed : Elders, Jesse linger, 
Joshua Crawford ; Deacon, Josiah Erl. ; Trustees, Jacob Si II, 
' Win. Farmvalt. Joint Board: President, William >;,i-- 


Damn; Secretary, Dr. J. E. Rinehart. Jacob Myers, joint 
treasurer; Jacob Myers, treasurer Lutheran Congregation; 
Jc»se TJnger, treasurer Reformed Congregation. 

As was said above, in 18C8 the clmrcli was thor- 
oughly remodeled and rededicated, tlie services being 
interesting and impressive. The preparatory exer- 
cises were conducted by Rev. Griffith Owen, of Bal- 
timore, and the sermon was preached by Rev. P. A. 
Strobel, of Westminster. The dedicatory services 
were performed by Rev. J. Stciner. The debt of the 
church was liquidated by subscriptions raised during 
the services. The name of the church was also 
changed at that time, and it has since been known as 
Emmanuel. The following persons are buried in Baust 
Church Cemetery : 

Abraham llann, died Oct. 5, 1862, aged SO years, 11 months, 
25 days. 

Josiah Hafley, died Not. 29, 1855, aged 36 years, 5 months, 
13 days. 

Margaret Fluegal, born Jan. 3, 1770, died Dec. 4, 1812. 

John Fluegal, bom Nov. 17, 1702, died .Sept. 3, 1845. 

Uriah Eaust, born Nov. 23, 1S22, died Nov. 1C, 1849. 

Abraham Hann, horn May 4, 1817, died March 16, 1841. 

Jacob Kccfer, died July 13, 1837,aged34 years, C months,21 

Lydia Hesson, wife of John Hesson, and daughter of John 
Taney, died Aug. 27, 1842, aged 17. 

Peter Haifflc, born April 11, 17SG, died Jan. 11, 1863. 

Levi Haifley, died July 3, 1*30, aged 17. 

Margaret, wife of Peter Jlalley, died Dee. 23, 1S3-, aged 43 
years, 1 month, 23 days. 

Sophia Wagner, died Aug. 13, 1S36, aged 02 years, 7 months. 

Mary Want?., died March 23, 1S42, aged 24 years, 9 months, 
28 days. 

Catharine Shoemaker, died 1834. 

Peter Shoemaker, died Dec. 24, 1 838, aged 81 years, 8 months, 
21 days. 

Mary E. Wentz, died 1833, aged 40. 

G eorge Warner, died April 30, 1S36, aged 77 years, 10 months, 
10 days. 

Johannes Bischoff, born 1740, died July 9, 1813, aged 73 
years, 4 months. 

Maria Bischolt', died Pec. 21, 1821, aged 80. 

Jacob Bishop, died Aug. 31, 1S32, aged 59 years, 9 months, 
7 days; and Elizabeth, his wife, died Dec. 4, 1824, aged 35 
years, 9 months, 18 days. 

Margaret Mock, died Jan. 2, 1S15, aged 64. 

Peter Mock, died April 3, 1812, aged 85. 

Jacob Doner, died 1798. 

Frederick Wentz, Jr., died Sept. 27, 1S24, aged 63. 

Geo. Frederick Wentz, died Feb. 3, 1833, aged 78 years, 1 
month, 15 days. 

Frederick Kcefer, born Dec. 2, 1795, died Aug. 4, 1855. 

Elizabeth Shreiuer, born in 1771, died in 1773. 

Sarah Swigart, died March 28, 1813, aged 25 years, 10 
months, 2 days. 

" Wagner, bom 1755, died 1801." 

Michael Wagner, born Nov. 6, 1752, died Feb. 21, 1839. 

Barbara Var, born Dec. 4, 1781, died Dec. 2, 1806. 

Ulrica Stollern, horn April 15, 1737, died September, 1816. 

John Marker, died Aug. 10, 1824, aged 65; and 8 
his wife, born Feb. 12, 1774, died March 3, 1839. 

"" h 'l 

Elizabeth Molor, born Nor. 14, 1776 . Feb. 18, 1813. 

Magdalena Derr, died July 19, 1822, ..-25. 

Abraham Derr, died May 11, 1S29, aged 62, 

Elizabeth Derr, die I Nov. 13, 1822, aged 55. 

Jacob Derr, born Nov. 12, 1788, died Dec. 23, 1819. 

Valentine Wentz, died Feb. 19, 1S43, aged 56 years, 11 
months, 20 days. 

Catherine Bishop, born Oct. 13, 17S3, died June 13, 1845. 

John F. Haifley, died Sept. 14,lS45,aged 55 years, 5 month., 
13 days. 

George Eckard, died Nov. 9, 1822, aged 65 years, 11 months, 

26 days. 

Aaron P. Ervicsse, died Aug. 24, 1829, aged 6. 

Mary Seel, died A eg. 27, 1813, aged SO 

Sarah Worley, born March 6, 1799, died Sept. 13, 1 S57. 

Lydia Worley, born June IS, 1803, died Feb. 17, 1858. 

Lydia, wife of Daniel Myers, died July 16, 1856, aged (0 
years, 11 months. 

Elizabeth llann, died March 20, 1855, aged 69 years, 2 
months, 1 day. 

Peter Hesson, born July 21, 1783, died Dec. 16, 1SG5; and 
Susannah, his wife, horn Dec. 15, 1797, died Jan. 25, 1857. 

Catherine, wife of John Fleet, died Dee. 11, 1856, aged <2. 

Peter Zepp, died Aug. 2], 1879, aged 71 years,! month, 14 
clays; and Catherine, his wife, born April 28, 1S10, died Jan. 
23, 1855. 

Abraham Hesson, died Feb. 19, 1855, aged 81 years, li 
months, 21 days. 

Louisa Hesson, died Jan. 14, 1S59, aged 70 years, 11 month,, 

27 days. 

Eli Hesson, died Sept. 9, 1859, aged 47 years, 6 months. 1: 

John L. Powell, born June 23, 1779, died April 15, 1855 ; and 
Elizabeth, his wife, bom April 12, 17S2. died May, 1864. 

Peter Gatlc, died July 7, 1S65, aged 76 years, !0 month:, 16 
days; and Catherine, his wi f e, Feb. 25, 1862, aged 68 year=, S 
months, 3 days. 

Josiah Bankard, born Oct. 25, 1830.. died July 17, 1S73. 

Abraham Bankard, died Oct. 30, 1879, aged 80 years, 22 

Ezra Haifley, "Co. A, 6th Md. Regt. Vols.," born Sept. 27, 
1840, died Oct. 14, 1864. 
_ Wm. Gregg, born April, 1818, died April, I860. 

Lydia, wife of Josiah Babylon, died Aug. 10, 1S67, aged 17 
years, 10 months, 9 days. 

Joseph Cox, born Aug. 10, 1801, died Oct. 29, 1879; and 
Rachel, his wife, bom Nov. 8, 1811, died May 24, 1872. 

"John" Mathc-w, honest and faithful servant to Abraham 
Hesson, died Sept. 9, 1855, aged 61." 

Valentine Want/, died June 25, 1876, aged 65 years, ' 
months, 23 days ; and Susannah, his wife, bom July 8, 1 >' 
died March 5, 1870. 

Mathias Copenhover, died Jan. 8, 1877, aged 68 yeair. : 
months, 22 days; and Mary, his wile, died May 4, 1875, ag< ' 
72 years, S months, 8 days. 

Sarah, their daughter, born Dec. 5, 1830, died March I ; . 
1S64; and Elizabeth, another daughter, horn Dec. 3, l c 
died August, 1863. 

John Flcagle, a soldier of 1812, born June 25, 1793, die-! 
March 15, 1879 ; and Rachel, his wife, bo, n Jan. 22, 1795, di 
May 8, 1S65. 

Uriah Fleagle, of " Co. G, 1st Regt. VI. Vols." (P. II. B. 
born Feb. 21, 1S43, fell at the battle of Gettysburg, July • 
1863, aged 20 years, 4 months, 9 day s. 

Amos Flcagle was killed at the buttle of Murfi eesboro', 1' 
cember, 1862. 


jeorge Fleaglo, died Feb. 27, 

nged SI years, 7 uionlh> 

i„„i Louisa, wife of Amos Hull, (lied Deo. 22, 1S76, aged 

Margaret Kinebart, died June^, 1SG3, aged 49. 

Samuel Fitzc, died Nov. 30, 1871, aged 49 years, 2 months, 
;; days. 

\ slentine Wantz, horn Jan. 27, 1820, died March 11, 1SG0. 

Anna Maria Meyers, horn Dec. 21, 1777, died Oct. 3, 1803. 

-, san, wife of Jacob Eokard, died Jan. 9, 1881, aged 51. 

John Lampert, died June 20, 1S74, aged 76 ; and Louisa, bis 
., . , , ! b. 17, 1S77, aged 78 years, 11 days. 

Hczckiah Lambert, born Oct. 24, 1825, died April 7, 1860. 

,: rge Warner, born July 15, 1811, died Feb. 6, 1S72. 

Sarah Warner, born May 24, 1795, died May 16, 1872. 

Elizabeth Warner, bum May 26, 1776, died Oct. 1, 1857. 

William Warner, died Dec. 30, 1853, aged 36 years, 7 months, 

Michael Dotzour, died .March 19, 1S5S, aged 35 years, 5 
months, 10 days. 

Margaret Dotzour, died May 6, 1S72, aged 68. 

John Babylon, born May 10, 1S03, died March 1, 18C2. 

John Dell, born Dec. 17, 1773, died Oct. 23, 1871. 
' Mary Dell, bom July 26, 1777, died Sept. 28, 1851. 

Michael Babylon, died Dee. 12, 1870, aged 70 years, 8 months, 
23 days. 

Andrew Babylon, born Aug. 20, 1779, died Oct. 21, 1851. 

Susanna Babylon, died Feb. 8, 1870, aged 91 years, 9 months, 
17 days. 

David Babylon, bom Dec. 21, 1820, died July 15, 1857 ; and 
Mary, his wife, horn Feb. 13, 1821, died Feb. 4, 1S57. 

George Rodkey, born Dee. 8, 1790, died Nov. 25, 1S51. 

Mary Eckard, born Dec. 13, 1765, died Jan. 31, 1856. 

Solomon Farmwall, born Sept. 4, 1793, died Feb. 22, 18S1 ; 
and Elizabeth, his wife, horn April 28, 1800, died March 22, 

Ellenoore Fromfelter, died Feb. 15, 1870, aged 76 years, 3 
mouths, 4 days. 

John Nusbaum, born March 25, 1793, died June 1,1866; 
on i Elizabeth, his wife, born July 28, 1799, died Dee. 6, 1864. 

Henry Beard, died Aug. 4, 1861, aged 41 years, 6 months, 5 

Cornelius Baust, born Feb. 10,1785, died April 26, 1868; and;abeth, his wife, horn Sept. 6, 1791, died March 1, 1865. 

Charles Crawford, died Dee. 11, 1871, born May 23, 1805. 

Fred. Wantz, born March 3, 1778, died Jan. 21, 1857; and 


ifc, died Feb. 8, 1852, aged 64 y< 

Hi,-, 8 

George Wantz, died May 6, 1S66, aged 36 years, 1 month, 1 1 

Kliza Hunger, died May 2, 1S77, aged 63 years, 25 days. 
Catharine, wife of Jesse Babylon, died April 5, 1878, aged 

Elizabeth, wife of Joshua Stansbury, born Aug. 13, 1813, 
died Feb. 1, 1874. 

Win. Lamport, born Sept. 1,1826, died April 7, 1878. 

I>r. David B. Fleagle, died Feb. 26, 187S, aged 35 years, 9 
mouths, 6 days. 

■'■• '•!• Foglesong, born Jan. 12, 1807, died Nov. 27, 1SS0. 

truibaum', Cemetery. 

•'•'"■ Babylon, born Nov. 14, 1781, died Jan. 28, 1S50. 
11 I oah Foutz, born Nov. 2fi, 1770, died Aug. 28, 1815. 
1 ''"tli Foutz, died Si pt. 27, 1830, aged 43. 

">on Foutz, died Feb. 14, 1839, aged 78 years, 10 months, 

.1; b Youn, died January, 1.830, aged 60. 

Mary Youn, died March 15, 1S24, aged 37 
3 days. 

s, 2 


Mary, infant daughter of Win. Youn, died May 4, 1825. 

John Yon, born April 1. 1829, died Jan. 1, 1831. 

Catherine Yon, born 1785, died 1797. 

Elizabeth Babylon, born Dec. 22, 1790, died April 26, 1S13. 

Samuel Farnhord, born Oct. 9, 1S17, died June, 1818. 

Leonard Kitzmiller, bum April 27, 1732, died March 1, 1.820. 

David Stouffer, died Dec. 15, 1S67, aged 76 years, 11 months, 
14 days; and Mary, his wife, died March 20, 1841, aged 48 
years, 4 months, and 12 days. 

Emma Kate, daughter of N. and C. Heck, died Aug. 30, 
1809, aged 7 months, 2! days. 

Susannah Holloway, daughter or Samuel and Elizabeth Hol- 
loway, died 1809. 

" 1'. W., died 1785." 

Alexander Mollheny, died Jan. 25, 1835, aged 56 years, 10 
months, 20 days ; and Elizabeth, his wife, born Aug. 1,1779, 
died May 2, 1853. 

Mayberry is a small village five miles from Taney- 
town, near Bear Branch. N. H. Fleagle is the post- 
master and merchant of the place, and William Stone- 
sifer and Henry Eck are the millers. 

Pleasant Valley, another small village, is live miles 
from Westminster. Samuel Lawyer is the postmaster ; 
H. B. Albaugh, merchant ; and P. L. Singling &Son, 
mill-owners. St. Matthew's Reformed church was 
built at a cost of 82400, and dedicated Nov. 30, 1879. 

Myers District, or the Third District of Carroll 
County, is bounded on the north by Pennsylvania, on 
the east by Manchester District, on the south by 
the districts of Uniontown and Westminster, and on 
the west by Taneytown District. Big Pipe Creek, 
Silver Piun, and their tributaries flow through the 
district in many directions, and Piney Creek forms 
the boundary line on the northwestern border ; these 
fine streams furnishing excellent power for mills, 
which has been utilized to a considerable extent by 
the inhabitants. Union Mills, Myersville, Silver Bun, 
and Piney Creek Station, on the Frederick and Penn- 
sylvania Line Railroad, are flourishing villages. The 
metes and bounds of the district, as laid out by com- 
mission appointed in 1837, are as follows: 

" Beginning at the end of ltoyer's and Guyman's lane, on 
Baughman's county road; thence with said road to Lawyer's 
Branch ; thence down said branch to Big Pipe Creek ; theucc 
with a straight line through Peter Bixler's farm, leaving said 
Bixler in District No. 6; thence with a straight line to a 
branch known by the name of Ohio, where said, branch crosses 
Trump's county road ; thenee up said branch through to Wine's 
farm, up said branch to ils head ; thence with a straight line to 
the nearest point on Rinehart's county toad ; thence ou said 
rood to the Pennsylvania line; thenee with Pennsylvania line 
to Littlcslown and Westminster turnpike; thence down said 
turnpike to the stone road; thence with said stone road lo 
Grove's Ford ou Big Pipe Creek ; thence with said road to the 



id turopike at the. 33d 

pike It 

Kinehart's county roa 


mill; thence up tlio i 

with 8£ 

id road, between Frede 


's, to Andrew Angel's 

No. 7 ; 

thence to Bixler's tan 

trict N 

o. 7 ; thenco with a sti 

mile stone ; thence with said turn- 
d ; thence with said road to Rine- 
oad by Kinehart's dam ; thence 
rick Baughman's farm and Jacob 
, leaving said Angel in District 
yard, leaving said Bixler in Dis- 
aight line to the beginning." 

By au act of the General Assembly of Maryland, 
passed April 2, 1841, the division line between the 
Third (Myers) and Seventh (Westminster) Districts 
was altered and made as follows: " Beginning at the 
natural boundary at the intersection of Big Pipe 
Creek, in Peter Bixler's meadow, and running thence 
by a direct line to Jacob Frock's dwelling-house, 
leaving the same in the Seventh Election District ; 
thence by a direct hue to Adam and William Bishe's 
dwelling-house, leaving the same in the Seventh Elec- 
tion District, and thence to the Westminster and Lit- 
tlestown turnpike road, at the intersection of the 
stone road, which was then the boundary line between 
the Third and Seventh Election Districts." The dis- 
trict in 1880 had a population of 1959. 

Union Mills was made the place for holding the 
polls. The district, was named in honor of the Myers 
family, one of the first to settle in this portion of 
Carroll County, one of whose descendants, Samuel 
W. Myers, assisted in laying out the nine districts 
into which Carrol! was originally divided in 1S37. 

A tract of land known as "Ohio," containing nine 
thousand seven hundred and fifty acres, was patented 
to Samuel Owings in 1703. 

The early settlers were almost entirely Germans 
'from York and Lancaster Counties, in Pennsylvania, 
or directly from the Palatinate, and to this day there 
are in its limits but few families not of German 

For the first half-century of its history and settle- 
ment the German was the only tongue spoken, and 
after that, for a generation, the German and English 
languages were spoken indiscriminately, but since 
1835 the English only has been used. These settlers 
were a hardy and thrifty race, of strong religious sen- 
timents, and rapidly increased in numbers and wealth. 
Among the pioneers were Joseph Leaman, Nicholas 
Deal, George Michael Derr, Charles Angel, the Erhs, 
Myerses, Bankerds, Naills, Krouses, Yinglings, Farm- 
waits, Hessons, Flick-lingers, Koontz', Frocks, Bix- 
lers, Baclimans, Groffs, Hahns, Wivels, Kesselrings, 
Leppoes, and afterwards there came the Burgeons, 
Joneses, Morelocks, Gearharts, Fishers, and others.. 

Over a century ago " Bankeid's mill" was in opera- i 
tion on the site of the present Union Mills, and 
" Groffs mill" was located where now James H. Dod- I 
rer has a saw and grist-mill, both on Big Pipe Creek. ' 

rrew up and married respect- 
children to perpetuate their 

The Shriver Family and Union Mills—Andrew 
Shriver, *on of David and Rebecca (Fcrrec) Shriver 
was burn on Little Pipe Creek (Westminster District), 
Nov. 7, 1702, and was the eldest of nine children. 
His parents were among the first settlers in this sec- 
tion of country. He. was married Dee. 31, 178G, to 
Miss Elizabeth Shultz, daughter of John Shultz, at 
his house in Baltimore, by Rev. William Otterbein, a 
distinguished clergyman of that day. His wife was 
bom Aug. 15, 1707, and died Sept. 27, 1S39. Their 
children were John Shultz, horn March 1, 1788; 
Thomas, born Sept, 2, 1 789 ; Rebecca, born Dee. 29, 
1790; Matilda, born Oct. 3, 1792; James, born at 
Littlestown, Pa., April 4, 1794; William, born at 
same place, Dec. 23, 1790, and died June 11, 1S79 ; 
Elizabeth, born at Union Mills, March 14, 1799 ; and 
Andrew Keyser, born at the same place, March 25, 
18(12; Ann Maria, bom March 13, 1804; Joseph, 
bom Jan. 11, 1806; and Catharine, born May 27, 

All of these childrei 
ably, and left survival 
name and lineage. 

Alter the death of his wife, Elizabeth, in 1839, 
Andrew Shriver continued to live at the old home- 
stead at Union Mills until his death, Sept. 20, 1847, 
aged nearly eighty-five years. In the fall of 1784, 
when twenty years of age, with a capita! of four 
hundred and sixty pounds, having been assisted to 
this extent, perhaps, by his father, who had accumu- 
lated considerable means, Andrew Shriver engaged in 
the mercantile business on Little Pipe Creek, and 
subsequently in Baltimore. After his marriage in 
1780 he continued to make his home with his wife 
on Little Pipe Creek until 1791, when he removed 
to Littlestown, Pa., where he kept a store and tavern 
until 1797. On June 20th of that year he removed 
with his family, then comprising six children, to the 
Union Mills property, which he bought, in partner- 
ship with his brother David, of the heirs of Jacob 
Bankerd, deceased. This property is located on tin: 
northern branch of Pipe Creek, in what was then 
Frederick, now Carroll, County, five miles southeast of 
the Pennsylvania State line. Andrew and David 
Shriver experienced great difficulty in gaining pos- 
session of their property. David Shriver, Sr., was 
then, and for some thirty years afterwards, employed 
by them to get a chancery decree for the sale of the 
land of the Bankerd estate. He was at length suc- 
cessful, and was appoiuted trustee for the sale of the 
property. Andrew Shriver became the purchaser of 
a large part of the land, together \ ' lie mill, i!,> a 
almost on the same site as that occu by the pres- 



CD I structure. They got possession oT tlic property 
w jth difficult}', even after its sale, some of the heirs 
o . being willing to yield. By arrangement of the 
shove partners with John Slung, a millwright, work 
on the mill was completed satisfactorily for the sum 
of four huudred and thirty dollars. This agreemc.t : 
was witnessed by James McSherry, Dr. S. Duncan, i 
and Susannah Showers ("sister of Andrew and David | 
Shriver), and dated Jan. 26, 1797. An agreement 
of the game parties, of the same dale, with Henry , 
Kohlstoefc, carpenter, — 

•' Witnessed that For and in consideration of one hundred 
pounds to be paid by the said Andrew and David Shriver to 
the said Henry Kohlatock, he, the said Kohlstock, agrees to 
finish two small houses, fourteen by feet each, to be 
connected by a porch and pa-sage about ten feet wide, — that is 
<■ say, he is to do all the joiner work so as to complete said 
bouses, passage, porch, and stairways, agreeably to a plan 
thereof now produced ; also to do all the carpenter work of a 
mill house forty by titty fee!, and to complete the whole thereof 
in ft sufficient and neat, workmanlike manner, as expeditiously 
as possible; and further, finally to complete the whole, lie i- to 
paint the work, huth dwelling and mill house, in a, proper and 
Inflicient manner; they, Andrew and David Shriver, to find all j 



•■it. Mi 

IV, .loll 


H ,•■•., 

This house was completed according to the agree- 
ment and occupied, nud one of the rooms on the 
ground-floor was used for a store. The partnership 
between the brothers suggested the name of the 
•' Union .Mills" to their homes, which was subse- 
quently extended to embrace the whole village. The 
date of the dissolution of the firm is not exactly 
known. -David was afterwards employed in locating 
a':d constructing the. National road from Baltimore j 
through Fredericktown, Hagerstown, and Cumber- f 
land to Wheeling, on the Ohio River. He displayed 
grrat skill in working iron, having made some of the i 
most difficult parts of the mill-machinery (the appli- j 
ances at hand being embraced in an ordinary black- ' 
craith-shop at this place), some of which are still about 
the premises, and will compare favorably with the pro- 
ductions of the best workmen of the present day. A 
couple of pair of steelyards, with his name stamped , 
upon them, are now in use, and are perfectly reliable, 
'he State inspector of weights and measures having ' 
ojrtified to their accuracy some twenty years since. | 
The Shriver family developed great skill in working 
l!, "|- At a very early date they had a shop at Little 
"'PC Creek, in which they all worked at times for j 
different purposes, and Isaac Shriver took a contract j 
I" in the government to furnish a large quantity of j 
ftMi-barrels, to be delivered at a stated time. Al- 
though the designated time was short for that day, he j 
"'tinned the contract according to the terms and to I 

the satisfaction of the authorities. Andrew Shriver. 
after the removal of his brother David from the mills, 
continued to keep a store for the sale of general mer- 
chandise, and secured for the village a post-office, of 
which he took charge. He also held the office of 
magistrate for a long time, and it was chiefly owing 
to his influence that the public road was opened from 
Union Mills to Hanover, Pa. He was afterwards 
instrumental in getting the turnpike from Baltimore 
to Chambersburg through the village. With a grow- 
ing family and continued prosperity in business, Mr. 
Shriver required more house-room, and wings were 
added at different periods to the original building. 
Architectural beauty was not much studied, but the 
mansion is quaint and picturesque. It still stands 
with but little alteration, and is now occupied b} 
Andrew K. Shriver, one of the sons, born under its 
ancient roof. Andrew Shriver, although an active 
politician, as was also his father, never held any public 
office other than magistral e, which position he filled 
during the greater part of his life, having been re- 
tained through all the political changes which oc- 
curred in the State. His magisterial services were 
highly appreciated, and were characterized by modera- 
tion and dignity. Very few appeals from his decisions 
to the higher court were made, thus saving expense 
to the county, as well as to individuals. In his judi- 
cial business, which extended over a wide region, he 
exerted a large personal influence, often acted as peace- 
maker between litigants, and brought about amicable 
settlements where a continued appeal to law tended 
only to make matters worse. Elizabeth Shriver, wife 
of Andrew Shriver. as mistress of a large household 
and mother iu the family, was an admirable Christian 
woman, and her influence had much to do iu mould- 
ing the character and shaping the future of her chil- 
dren. The children of Andrew and Elizabeth Shriver 
were married thus: John Shultz to Henrietta Myers, 
of Baltimore; Thomas, three times, — first, to Ann 
Sharp, of York, Pa., and the third time to Miss Sher- 
rard ; Rebecca Ferree to James Renshaw, of York, 
Pa. ; Matilda to Michael H. Spangler, of York, Pa. ; 
James to Elizabeth B. Miller, of Uuioutown, Pa. ; 
William to Mary Owiugs, of Littlcstown, Pa. ; Eliz- 
abeth (Eliza) to Lawrence J. Brengle, of Frederick 
(after the decease of Catharine Shriver, his first wife) ; 
Andrew Keyset', on Feb. 16, 1837, to Catharine Wirt, 
of Hanover, Pa. (who died Aug. 21, 1S73) ; Ann 
Maria to William Tell Steiger, of Washington, B.C. ; 
Joseph to Henrietta Coston, of Washington, D. C. ; 
Catharine to Lawrence J. Brengle, of Frederick. 
The children of these several family unions form a 
large connection, and arc scattered over a wide ex- 



tent of country, though the majority of them are 
living in the vicinity of the old homestead. Andrew 
K. and William, two of the sons, with parts of their 
families, retain the mill property in their possession 
at this date, 1881. This place is on the Baltimore 
and Reisterstown turnpike. — (he old road to Pitts- 
burgh, — over which noted thoroughfare in the days 
of stage-coaches there was an immense deal of travel. 
Among the many eminent men who tarried over- 
night or stopped for meals at the old Shriver man- 
sion was Washington Irving, who spent the Sabbath 
there, and a chapter of the recollections of his stay 
is found in his writings, but the scene is laid in 
England. The first postmaster was Andrew Shriver, 
the present efficient officer Andrew K. Shriver, and 
William Shriver once held the office. For nearly four- 
score years, save a brief space of time, -this office has 
always been in the Shriver family. B. F. Shriver & 
Co. now operate the fiouring-mill, and run a large 
canning-factory, while the tannery is run by A. K. 
Shriver & Sons on the same site where the first enter- 
prise of that character was located in 1795. 

William Shriver was born at Littlestown, Pa., Dec. 
23, 1796, and at the time of his death, which oc- 
curred in 1879, was one of the proprietors of the 
flour-mills, and of the old estate there, which had 
been in the family many years. Fie was a brother to 
the late John S. Shriver, so well known as the presi- 
dent of the Ericsson line of steamboats between Bal- 
timore and Philadelphia. He had several brothers, 
one of them, Thomas Shriver, living in New York 
City, ninety years old. Mr. Shriver's father was a 
very old man when he died, and the family is geuer. 
ally long-lived. He left an aged wife and a large 
number of children and great-grandchildren. He 
celebrated the fiftieth anniversary of his wedding 
several years ago. Few persons had a larger personal 
acquaintance or more friends than the deceased. 

The following is a list of persons living within a 
radius of four or five miles of Union Mills, and all, 
with a few exceptions, in Myers District, who were 
seventy years old and upwards in 1879: 

Christian Yin-ling... 

William Shriver 

Mrs. Mary Shriver.... 
Andrew K. Shriver... 

Peter Yinsling 

Mrs. Tingling 

Mrs. Willct 

Jacob Slviler 

John Ivoontz 

Philip Artc-r 

John Prock, of J 

Isaac Bankert 

John Flickinger 

Jacob Leister 

Mre. Elizabeth Kuum, 

Mrs. Margaret Duce.... 

.... 71 

Henry Dnttaror 

.... 73 

.Mrs. Mary Kelly 

... 79 

John Study 

.... 74 

Dnniel Leppo 

... 73 

Mrs. Sarah Shull 7!' George FlciRle, St 82 

George Bowman 7? Mrs. Lv.lia I-'leajrlc 7« 

Andrew Stonesifer 77 Mrs. Judith Ci-uinrme 81 

Mrs. Mary Stonesifer 71 

Directly across Big Pipe Creek is a village laid out 
by Peter E. Myers and called Myersville; bur, as toe 
post-office is called Union Mills, the latter is the name 
by which the mills and the village arc generally known. 
The Methodist Episcopal church was erected in 1880, 
and has a flourishing Sunday-school attached to it, 
of which William Yingling is superintendent. 

Carroll Academy was organized in 1S3S, and a 
stone building was erected by stock subscriptions. 
The first trustees were William Shriver, William N. 
Burgoon, John Erb, Peter E. Myers, and Isaac Bank- 
erd ; secretary of the board, A. K. Shriver. The first 
principal was James Burns, an Irishman, the second, 
James Small, and among their successors were. Bush- 
rod Poole, Christian Erb. Samuel S. Shriver, John G. 
Wolf, John A. Reushaw, Bernard McManus, and 
Mr. Bardwcll. Upon the creation of the public 
school system, the academy passed under the control 
of the school authorities. Mr. Burns, the first teacher 
of the academy, organized the first Sunday-school in 
the district, — a union school and not denominational. 
Dr. William R. Cushing is the physician of the town. 
F. M. Hall is a prominent merchant in Union Mills. 
William Bankerd, Joseph Erb, Samuel Stonesifer are 
coopers; John Beemiller, Jesse Kooutz, shoemakers; 
W. G. Byers, undertaker; J. William Everhart, sur- 
veyor; Jesse Legale is a justice of the peace; Jere- 
miah Myers carries on a saw-mill ; Jesse Myers and 
P. Wolf are millers; John Myers is a manufacturer 
of brick. The blacksmiths are Samuel Stansbury, 
Samuel Orem, William Tagg & Sons; William Ren- 

[ naker is a carpenter; Ephraim and Ezra J. Yingling 
are tinners ; and Martin Yingling, a cabinet-maker. 

Silver Run is on the turnpike from Westminster to 
Littlestown, Pa., nine miles from the former and five 
from the latter. Its postmaster is John N. Mark, 

I and assistant, Augusta J. Mark. The village i.^ near 
the stream, Silver Run, from which it takes its name. 

I The village store is kept by Albaugh & Haines, and 

! the hotel by Andrew Wisner. J. Henry Knipple is 

: justice of the peace, and Dr. James M. Marshall, the 
physician. The various industries are represented by 

j Elias Bankerd, wheelwright; Joseph Beemiller, J. W. 
Little, shoemakers ; Mrs. T. Kesselring, millinery and 
confectionery ; Henry and Jacob Koontz, blacksmiths; 

' George L. Little, cabinet-maker ; and Rufus Strousc, 

I St. Mary's Church is on " Silver Run," and is the 



ilaoe of worship of the German Reformed and 
an congregations. The present church edifice 


is <>f. -tone, and was erected in 1S22. It is on a tract 
of land called " Dyer's Mill Forest," adjoining a sur- 
vey called " Lewis' Luck." It occupies the site of 
the first church, a rude log structure, built in 1708. 
The deed for the fifteen acres on which it is located 
was made by Joseph Dyer in 17(i8 to John Leaman, 
Nicholas Deal, George Michael Dcrr, Charles Angel, 
of the "Dutch Congregation of Silver Run," a com- 
mittee of the Lutheran and Reformed Calvinists. 
The consideration uamed in the conveyance is £4 3s. 
9'1. The witnesses to its execution were William 
Rlair and Abraham Hayton. It was duly acknowl- 
edged March 21, 1769, before "His Lordship's Jus- 
tices of the Peace," William Rlair and Thomas Price. 
On the hack of this instrument is a receipt from 
Christopher Edelin acknowledging to have received 
"7 pence half-penny Stirling," as alienation fee on 
the said fifteen acres, from Daniel, of St. Thomas 
Jenifer, his lordship's agent. This was ground-rent 
money due the Lord Proprietor, and payable semi- 
annually at the two annual feasts at St. Mary's, but 
which had to be paid before a good conveyance could 
be obtained. This deed was recorded March 27, 
17 69. Rev. J. G. Noss is the present Reformed pastor, 
and Rev. J. M. Alleman the Lutheran, and H. W. 
Shriver the superintendent of the Reformed Sunday- 

Immediately above the junction of Silver Ruu with 
Rig Pipe Creek, on the latter, John Wiest has large 
flouring- mills, and David B. Earhart has a fulling- 

West of Union Mills, on Big Pipe Creek, James 
E. Dodrer has flouring-mills, once called " Old Graves' 
mills," but put down on the old maps, made a century 
ago, as " Graffs mill." 

PLney Creek Station is on the Frederick 
sylvania Line Railroad, in the northweste 
the district. C. Shere is the postmaster and mer- 
chant, and P. M. Wiest has charge of a mill on the 
Westminster turnpike. At the bouudary line divid- 
ing Myers from Westminster District .is " Mount 
Pleasant Academy," built in 1854, and a store kept 
by John Crouse. There is a saw- and grist-mill on 
the estate of the late Dr. Study, on Big Pipe Creek. 
Near the Hanover road, in the north of the district, 
»rc large heds of iron ore. In the eastern part, ou 
**'g Pipe Greek, A. Fusir has a store and flour-mill. 

Jhe first physicians who practiced in the district 
were Dr. Wampler, of Hanover, Dr. Shorb, of Littles- 
faneytown doctors. There were no 

tlemcnt. Dr. Study, long ago deceased, was the pio- 
neer in his profession, and he was succeeded by his 
son, Dr. John Study, who still practices in the neigh- 

The following is a list of public school trustees and 
teachers for Myers District for 1831 and 1SS2 : 


part of 

Frank Burgoon, Jobu 
II. W. Shri 

and tl 

'dent physicians for many years after the fi 

rsl S"t- 

1. Mount Plea; 

2 and 3. Carroll Academy.— Jacob : 
John Bemiller. 

4. Wisner's.— Jacob Feever, Larkin licit, John II. Baum. 

5. Bishe's.— Emanuel Yeizer, Samuel Getting, Josiah Stei- 

6. Humbert's— Ezra M. Lawyer, Lewis Morelock, George 

I. Mauss'.— John Maus, Cyrus Feever, Absalom Kooutz. 

8. Green Mount.— Jacob P. Hull, Joliu Stan, John Boose. 

9. Erb's. — Jesse Lemon, S. Kcefcr, Jacob Marker. 

10. Good Hope— George Bowers, William Tingling, John 
! Leister. 

II. Cover's.— Samuel Cover, Solomon Boose, Joseph Ma- 

12. Cherry Grove.— Peter Kurnp, David Shull, William A. 

i The teachers for the term ending April 13, 1881, 
were : 

1, C. II. Bixler,43 pupils: 2, John Burgoon, 20 pupils; 3, Isaac 
Wright, 44 pupils; 4, G. W. Yeizor, 50 pupils; 5, J. H. 
Stoncsifer, 40 pupils; 6, G. F. Morelock, 30 pupils; 7, 
John X. Mark, 40 pupil-; S, A. ]■'. Gait, 43 pupils: 9, 
George Fleaglc, 63 pupils; 10, N. II. Kcster, 45 pupils; 
11, Richard Dell, 41 pupils; 12, A. S. Morelock, 35 pupils. 

Below are given the votes cast for local officers in 
' Myers District from 1851 to 18G1 inclusive: 

! 1851. — Vote for Primary School Commissioners: William Ear- 
hart 89, A. K. Shriver 59, Samuel Bowers 37, J. William 
Earhart 134, P. B. Mike-ell 19. 

1853.— For Justices : William Tagg 135, John Koont?. 196, D. 
B. Earhart 157. Daniel Stonesifer 153; Constables: Perry 
Rumler 125, Peter vVolf 204, Samuel Bowers 92, Peter Lin- 
genfelter 8S, John Hornberger 50 ; It. .ad Supervisor : David 
Circle 77, James E. Holier 146, Peter E. Myers 17. 

1855.— For Justices: Samuel Bowers 42, J. W. Earhart 99, D. 
B. Earhart 72, Eli Erb 28, Henry Shuler 122, Peter Kuinp 
117, D. Stonesifer 68 : Constables : D. E. Leister 79, W. H. 
Lippy 56; Peter Rumler 102; Daniel Shull 167, J. II. Wi- 
mert 122: Road Supervisor: Peter E. Myers 98, Abraham 
Kooutz 190. 

1S57.— For Justices: D. Stonesifer 177, P. B. Mikesell 223, 
William Tagg 10S, D. B. Earhart 71 ; Constables: J. II. 
Knipple 203, J. L. Farmwalt 185, P. Rumler 130, B. J. 
Matthias 51 ; Road Supervisor: Daniel Lippo 232. 

1859.— For Justices: Johu Maus 257, P. B. Mikesell 262; Con- 
stable: J. II. Knipple 219, fiershom Hull 235, W. N. 
Burgoon 134 ; Road Supervisor: Daniel Lippo 183, Eman- 
uel Yeiscr 132. 

.—For Justice.-: J. W. Earhart 1S3, D. 11. Rudolph 150, 
D. B. Earhart 55, John Maus 194, Eli Erb 129 ; Constables : 
D. L. Feeser 170, Levi Dish 127, Joshua Wisner 53, G. 
Huff 192, B. J. Matthias 154; Road Supervisor: Mosos 
Troxell 1S2, Michael Shull 185. 



Woolery District, or District No. 4, of Carroll 
County, is bounded on the north by Hampstead, on 
the west by Baltimore County, on the south by Free- 
dom District, and on the west by the district of West- 

Deep Run, Middle Run, Beaver Run, and the 
Patapsco River, with their tributaries, furnish abun- 
dant water-power for manufacturing and milling pur- 
poses. Iu addition to ihe numerous excellent public I 
roads t lie Chairibersburg turnpike, the Western | 
Maryland Railroad passes through the northeastern j 
portion of the district, and furnishes admirable facili- j 
ties for travel and transportation. The metes and 
bounds of the district, as originally laid dov.n by the ; 
commission of 1837, were as follows: 

"Beginning at the Iwcnty-sixth milestone on tlie Boisicrs- j 
town turnpike road ; thence wit. a straight line to the late Rich- 
ard Gorsuoh's house, leaving said heiisc in Xo. 4 ; thence to the 
Patapsco Tails; thence down said Falls to Stansbury's house, 
leaving said liou-e in District No. 4; thence with the county 
road to Brown's niecting-housv ; thrice to Brown's mill ; thence 
to Williams' seho'il-hoase. hindiiiL or. the road leading past John 
Kelly's; thence to Edward Bond's; thence with the county line 
to the bridge over the Pat a p -o Falls, near John Ely's mill; 

th thi 

deimis's mil) to the Calico House; thence with said road to 
Pool's school-house: thence to Morgan's Run, near Thomas 
Beasman's barn ; thence up Morgan's Kun to Hawkins' Bunch; 
thence up Hawkins' Branch to the county road leading past I 
Benjamin Gorsuoh's; thence w th said road until it intersects a I 
county road leading from the 'Sic ie Chapel' to the Washing- 
ton road; thence with said road to the Washington road; thence I 
with a straight line to the place of beginning." 

Daniel Weaver's was made the place for holding the , 

By an act of the General Assembly of Maryland, 
passed May 23, 1853, it was provided that, "so much ( 
of the Fourth Election District lying north and west 
of the Washington road should thereafter be deemed : 
and taken as part of the Seventh Election District; 
and that the division line between Election Districts 
Five and Nine should be so far altered and changed | 
as to commence at a point where the then division 
line crossed the new Liberty road, and running thence 
with a straight line to the dwelling-house then occu- 
pied by James McQuay, leaving said MeQuay's in 
district number nine ; thence with a straight, line to 
the dwelling-house then occupied by John Hess, leav- 
ing said Hess in district number nine; thence to the 
Washington road; thence with said road to Morgan's 
Bun, and up said run to the original division line." 
Woolery District had 2743 inhabitants in 1880. 

The German element predominated to a hove ex- 

tent in the first settlement of this district, which was 
part of Baltimore County until the creation of Car- 
roll in 1836. Among the early settlers were the 
Woolerys (from whom the district received its name), 
Stookdales, Gamers, Jacobs, Gorsuches, Shipleys, 
Barneses, Cockeys, Finks, Leisters, Zepps, Arma- 
costs, Prugbs, Conaways, and Flaters. 

Finksburg, the most, prominent town in the dis 
triet, is twenty miles from Baltimore and about 
one mile from the Western Maryland Railroad. It 
was laid out in 1813 by a Mr. Quigly, a contractor on 
the Chambersburg turnpike, then being built through 
it. It is situated on a survey called " Hooker's 
Meadow," and was named Finksburg in honor of 
Adam Fink, who built the first house. Mr. Fink 
lived' and kept tavern on the land now owned by 
Daniel Frazier, and was succeeded by William 
Horner, Sr., who kept the inn for twenty years. Mr. 
Fink had fifteen acres of land, eleven of which Dan- 
iel Frazier now owns, but the house (tavern) built 
by the former was long ago taken down. Mr. Quigly 
laid out the town for Mr. Fink on the hitter's land. 
The oldest house is that of Thomas Demoss. Thomas 
Ward kept the first store, Samuel Hughes was the 
first blacksmith, and his shop was thai now occupied 
and carried on by Thomas Demoss. The first pbysi 
cian was Dr. Forrest, and the first teacher Charles W. 
Webster, an attorney-at-law of Westminster, son of 
Rev. Isaac Webster, who taught the school in Finks- 
burg in 1831. in a log school-house on the site of the 
present school building. The oldest man iu the vil- 
lage is John Nelson Whittle, aged seventy-three 
years, who married, June 11, 1830, Miss Cynthia 
Ann, daughter of Thomas Ward, an old settler and 
the first merchant of the place. The merchants are 
George. W. Horner and II. S. Thompson— the latter 
being the postmaster. Dr. S. L. Morris i. : . the resi- 
dent physician, and the venerable Samuel Stansbury 
keeps the toll-gate at the east end of the village. 

Zion Methodist Protestant church was erected in 
185G, under the auspices of Bev. Scott Nonis. Flank 
Ilering is superintendent of the Sunday-school. 

The pastors of Ziou Methodist Protestant Church, 
have been : 

1856, R. S. Norris, A. Anderson; 1857, R. S. Nonis, 0. H. Lit- 
tlcton; ISoS, J. A. McFaddcn, N. S. Grcenawayj 1869, J. 
A. McFaddcn, C. M. Whiteside; 1800, J. l.'Mcrdicc. C. H. 
Littleton; 1861, C. II. Littleton, G. W. Weills; 1862, J. 1'. 
Whiteside, G. W. Weills; ISC.'l, .1. F. Whiteside, J. W. 
Gray; ISGl.T. M. Bryan, (I. D. Edmoud ton; 1865, T. M. 
Bryan, C. T. Cochel ; 1866, C. T. Cochcl, F. M. Hawkins ; 
1867, C. T. Cochel; 1863-70, W. T. Lean ; 1870-72, J. H. 
Ellegood: 1R72, A. 1>. Hick, J. G. Sullivan; 1S7.0, A. 1). 
Dick; 1S7-I, A. I). Hick, S. B. Tredwav ; 1 S7i>, G. D. Ed- 
mondston ; 1876, S. ,-. T. Ferguson, .1. B. Butler; iS77, P..?. 


T. Ferguson, G. F. Fairing ; 1S78, S. S. T. Ferguson, J. M. 
Brown; 1879-31, J. W. Charlton ; 1881, W. 1). Litsinger. 

The church building of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church South wa.s erected in 1856 by the Methodist 
Episcopal Church, but shortly after the. late war the 
church organization became so feeble and so reduced in 
numbers that the building was sold to the Methodist 
Episcopal Church South. Its first pastor under the 
Church South was Rev. William Etchison, and the 
present incumbent is Rev. Mr. Brown, of Reisterst^wn. 

In the rear of the church is a graveyard, with only 
., few interments, among which are William L. Craw- 
ford, born December, 1834, died January, 1879. 

The two most prominent burials are those of Judge 
Mordecai G. Cockey, who died July 29, 1872, aged 
70; and his wife Eurith, who died Dee. 27, 1843, 
■gel 42. 

In a field adjoining are the graves of the following- 
named persons: Ann 13. Corbin, wife of William Cor- 
bin, born Sept. 12, 1800, died April 30, 1829; and 
Kcturah Wheeler, died June 15, 1829, aged 2 years 
mid 20 days. 

The Independent Order of Mechanics was instituted 
in 1872, in which year it built its hall, which was 
mid recently to George W. Horner. De has enlarged 
and beautified it, aud the order continues to hold its 
meetings there. Its officers are: 

iimmons; J. M., Con- 
. S.. .Tnlin W. Barrett; 

. M., Frank Stocksdale; S. M., . 
rad Mann; Sec., Alfred Willin 
Trcas., L. A. J. Lamott. 

The Excelsior Literary Society, an association for 
itertainment and instruction, is in a flourishing con- 
ition. Its officers for 1881 were : 

v;. I, p.. 



A hen I i 

Lamott; Vice-Pres., F. L. Hering. 
Samuel Shoemaker, the wealthy and disti 


Baltimore railroad and express man, was raised in this 
village, and Lewis H. Cole lives near the town, on his 
elegant farm known as " Clover Hill." Abraham 
Leister owns part of the old Leister estate, among the 
fit>'t located in the district. That portion of this farm 
near the railroad is owned by William Zepp. Thomas 
Gorsuch came to this section of country at an early 
day from Baltimore County, and settled where Elias 
Gorsuch now lives, before whose time George W., son 
■'! Thomas Gorsuch_ owned it. 

The Garner Graveyard is on the road from Finks- 
Ottr}! to the railroad station, and is a private burial-lot. 
"i which only three of the tombstones have inscrip- 
l: "ii^, as follows : 

" In memory of Flinn Garner, who departed this life Feb. 
- I ''', aged 93 } ears. He was a member of the.Mcthodist 

"In memory of Cmy Garner, wil'o of Flinn Garnor, the 
mother of 13 children." 
"Sarah Fresh, died Sept. 19, 1822, aged 23." 

Carrollloil is a romantic and pretty village on the 
Western Maryland Railroad, seven miles from West- 
minster and twenty-six from Baltimore. The North 
Branch of the Patapsco R.iver passes by the hamlet, 
and furnishes an abundance of water for manufactur- 
ing and other purposes. Thomas Chapel, Pleasant 
Grove, and Bethel churches are near. Edward H. 
Bash is a merchant, railroad agent, and postmaster. 
J. A. Bush, a surveyor; lives here, as does also W. J. 
Houck, the undertaker. 

Patapsco. — This village lies on the Western Mary- 
land Railroad, twenty-seven miles from Baltimore and 
six from Westminster. Ezra Chew is postmaster. 
J. II. Chew & Co., J. W. Sanders, and John S. Mar- 
tin are merchants in the village. P. Liugenfelter 
keeps the hotel, and E. E. Koons, a miller and lum- 
berman, resides there. 

Bird Hill is on the "Nicodemus road," six miles 
from Westminster, aud near Morgan's Run. John 
\V. Nelson is the postmaster of the village and keeps 
a store. 

Louisville is also on the "Nicodemus road," six 
miles from Finksburg, ten from Westminster, and 
twenty from Baltimore. There are copper-mines sit- 
uated ou Morgan's Run, within a half-mile of the 
town, containing large deposits of copper, and operated 
by John Vial. S. II. Patterson is postmaster, aud 
John Reed and Nicholas Benson, merchants. The 
village has two chinches. — Mount Pleasant Methodist 
Episcopal and Providence Methodist Protestant. The 
millers are G. W. McComas and George P. Planning. 
The town is partly in Woolery's and partly in Free- 
dom District, — the "Mineral Hill Copper-Mine" 
being in the latter. 

Mechanicsville.— This pleasant village, rapidly 
growing in business and population, lies on the Nico- 
demus road, midway between Bird Hill and Louisville. 
It has a Methodist church and cemetery, two stores, 
several shops, and is the home of an industrious 

Shanibergcr's Station, on the Western Maryland 
Railroad, is an important shipping-point, aud has large 
aud excellent flouriug-mills. 

The following is a list of persons seventy years old 
and over living in the district in 1879 : 

Mrs. Margaret Wickcrt, aired 95 years; her son, Jacob YVickcrt, 
77; her daughter, Mrs. Margaret Crapster, 75: Mrs. Rachel 
Roachc, 79; her sister, Mrs. Mary Criswel!, 71: Samuel 
Salisbury, 75; his wife, Rachel, 75; John Whittle, il; 
Mrs. Lavina Grumbino, 7:1; her sister, Mrs. Eliza Stocks- 
dale, 71; Mrs. Catharine Stooksdale, 71; her brother, 



Benjamin Haines, 82; Cornelius Cole, 82; bis wife, Marin, 
73; Cornelius Buckley, 60 : his wife, Annie Buckley, 74; 
Mrs. Henrietta Williams, 71; John Uhler, SI ; Cyrus Shil- 
ling. 79; his wife, Annie. 71 ; Mrs. Elizabeth Shilling, SO; 
Lloyd Shipley, 85; Joehua Murray, 71; his -v it".-. Mary, 
76; Abraham Prugh, 80; his wife, 7?; Rich. Manning, 
80; his wife, 79; Mrs. Lydia Crawford, 74; Stephen Ours- 
ler, S3'; his wife, 75; her brother, Edward Gardner, 78; 
Elias Brothers, 70; Mrs. Mary Haines, — ; George Ward, 
74; his wife, 7U: Mrs. Catherine Hedges, 79; Miss Mary 
Caplo, 83; -Mrs. Augustus Galloway, 75; Lewis Ilobh, So; 
Daniel Bush, 73; Mrs. Mary Gorsuch, 82; .Mrs. Mary Ogg, 
73; Lovelace Gorsueh, 7C; his wife, 71 : Nathan Gorsuch, 
70; M.ij. Gorsuch, 72; Philip Smith, colored, 79; his wife, 
76. The list comprises 26 females, whose combined ages 
are 2040 years, averaging 7 of years; 22 males, whose united 
ages are 1703 years, averagiug 77*W years. Total average, 
76 J years. 

Some of the finest estates and most beautiful resi- 
dences in tlie State are situated in this district, among 
which may be noted "Wilton," the present country- 
place of Thomas C. Brown. Mr. Brown was born at 
Elkridge Landing, Md., where his father, an emigrant 
from England, had settled prior to 17f>0. He married 
Nancy Cockey, of the well-known Baltimore County 
family of thai name, and removed to the neighborhood 
of Sykesville, in Freedom District, towards the last 
decade of the eighteenth century. His son William 
served with distinction in the war of 3 S1U, and was 
adjutant of Col. Beall Randall's battalion when only 
eighteen years of age. He participated in the battle 
of North Point, where he acquitted himself with credit. 
William Brown married Miss Ann Waters Perry, by 
whom he had twelve children. He was a brother of 
Hon. Elias Brown, a former Congressman of the Bal- 
timore District, and, like his brother, an -Active and 
prominent politician ; he was a Presidential elector for 
Gen. Jackson in the campaign of 1824. He was born 
in 1796, and died in 183G, aged sixty years. His 
mother, Nancy (Cockey) Brown, was an aunt of the 
late Judge Mordecai Gist Cockey, who died in 1872. 
Thomas Cockey Brown was the third child of his 
parents, and was born in Freedom District, April 5, 
1822. He was raised on his father's large estate and 
educated in the neighboring schools. He was early 
inured to farm-work, which he thoroughly understood 
and at which he continued until his twenty-sixth year. 

Iu 1848 he went to the State of Louisiana, where 
he remained until 1S69, as agent and general mana- 
ger of a large sugar plantation. He worked three 
hundred and sixty negroes and eighty other hands, 
averaging an annual yield of eighteen hundred hogs- 
heads of sugar. He returned to Maryland in 18C9, 
and bought his present splendid farm, " Wilton," of 
Dutell and Humphreys. It consisted of lS5s acres, 
and was originally owned by the Gaither family. He 

erected an elegant mansion on the place, and since 
then has greatly improved his farm, which is now one 
of the best in the county and in the highest state of 
cultivation. It lies near Finksburg, and is a mile from 
the Western Maryland Railroad. He received the 
three symbolical degrees in Masonry in 1851, in Lodge 
A. F. and A. M. "True Friends," at Grand Island, 
in the Gulf of Mexico. He was elected a member of 
the Maryland House of Delegates in 1874 from Car- 
roll County, and served two years in the Legislature, 
in which he was a zealous advocate of reform and 
economy iu all public expenditures of the people's 
funds. Mr. Brown has ever been an active public man, 
and a warm adherent of the Democratic party. He 
has never married. By his own industry, integrity, 
and prudent management he has arisen to be one of 
the leading fanners and most public-spirited citizens 
and business meu of the county, and large!', ''joys 
the esteem and confidence of his fellow-ciu.- ,,.->. 

The following are the public school trustees and 
teachers, with the number of pupils under each, for 
this district iu 1S51 : 

-William Arbaugh, C. "W. Bro\ 
:cling- House.— S. A. Martin, 

1. Car 

2. Brown's Meeting- House.— S. A. Martin, George Taylor, 
Noah Bucher. 

3. Patapsco.— John H. Taylor, Edmond Koontz, David Ab- 

4. Sandy Mount.— Peter Woods, II. II. Caplo, William A. 

5 and C. Finksburg.— William H. Stoeksdale, G. W. Ilorncr, 
Stephen I!. Stoeksdale. 

7. Fainnount— Nicholas Benson, Hanson Davis, D. B. HofF. 

8. Deer Park.— II. T. Smith, E. N. Davis, Henry Vardenfelt. 
. 9. Morgan's Run.— George Freeman, John Owings, George 


10. Louisville. — Toshua Baesman, Eli T. Bennett, William 

The teachers for the term ending April 15, 1881, 

1, Laura. S. Poole, 58 pupils; 2, John W. Abbott, 57 pupils: 3, 
Joel Ebaugh, 53 pupils; 4, Ida F. Fox, 40 pupils; 5, D. I. 
Farrar, 2» pupils; 6, Mary E. Johnson, 29 pupil- ; 7. ."■ 
G. Harden, 53 pupils; S, Aijuilla MoGec, 40 pupil,; 9, G. 
J. Shipley, 42 pupils; 10, M. F. Ebaugh, 43 pupils; 11, 
J. C. Nutting, 4S pupils; 1 (colored school), E. 11. Trusty, 
23 pupils. 

The justices are William Stoeksdale, Nathan Gor- 
such, Azariah Oursler. 

The following is the vote of the district for local 
officers from 1851 to 1801 inclusive: 

1851. — Vote for Primary School Commissioners: John W. Go 
such 13C, E. D. Paine 105, John W. Gorsuch 99. 

i 1853.— For Justices : Mordecai 0. Cockey 187, Jacob Wieki 
130, Abraham Lamott 149, Tho.nns S. Brow 120, Jam 

| Baker 12, Jesse Frizzell 23, George Ogg 130, Samuel ffi 

derson 67; Constables: J. F. Gardner 154, J. M. Fin' 

1 120, Samuel Flater 73, William Stoeksdale 14S: Roi 


(flVYl, — ^ 


John D. 


76, Elijah W< 

:;, A. 


i.jj.— For Justices: M. G. Cockey 228, N. Gorsucb 190, K. 
Woolery 184, .1. D. Powder 121, S. Wilderson :)S; Consta- 
bles: s'. Tlatcr 165, Jesse Magec I4fi, D. D. Ryers 198; 
Road Supervisor: Lewis Taylor 200, Amon Allgirc 12?.. 

I ar .—For Justices: S. A. Lauvcr IBS, Daniel Stull IS!, L. 
Lamott 186, M. G. Cockey 20S, Gorsuch 206, Elijah 
Woolery 191 ; Constables: J. Shilling US, J. II. Uhler 172, 
Samuel Flater 204, I). D. Byers 204; Road Supervisor: G. 
Mummaugb 193, II. T. Bartholow 19S. 

..-.o,_For Justices : Joseph Poole 1S7, Jauics Lockard 20S, S. 
A. Lauver 19S, M. G. Cockey 203, Azariah Oursler 188, Na- 
than Gorsucli ISO; Constables: William Cruscy 192, Lewis 
Taylor 170, Jesse Magee 203, William Gorsnch 212; Road 
Supervisors: Henry Taylor 203, Joseph Bromwell 214. 

lf.61.— For Justices: William Lockard 240, M. G. Cockey 232, 
N. Gorsuch 213, N. Burgett4S, Azariah Oursler 166, J. W. 
Steele 1S2, L. A. .1. Lamott Is? ; Constables: P. Gorsuch 
271, Jesse Magee 2(2, Jer. Taylor 161, D. D. Byers 1C3; 
Road Supervisor: l'eter Flater 268, John Uhler ISO. 

Oue of the best-known fanners in this district is Col. 
James Fenner Lee, who was born in Providence, R. I., 
July 9, 1 S-13. He is the eldest living son of Stephen 
S. and Sarah F. (Mallett) Lee, who removed to Bal- 
timore the year of his birth. In that city lie was 
placed under the instruction of the best masters, and 
ii) 1855 sent to Europe, where he was for several 
\ears in one of the first schools of Switzerland. He 
completed his collegiate studies in Paris, at the Lycee 
Si. Louis, and after having traveled over the conti- 
nent returned to Baltimore. There he entered as a 
law student the office of Brown & Brune, and before 
applying for admission to the bar spent a term at the 
Law School of Harvard University. In 186G he mar- 
ried Mrs. Albert Carroll, daughter of Hon. William 
George Bead, ami granddaughter of Col. John Eager 
Howard. On this occasion his paretits presented him 
with a farm in this district, and he decided to devote 
himself to agricultural pursuits as soon as he could 
dispose of his law business and complete the third 
volume of the " Maryland Digest," which he had, in 
conjunction with his friend, Jacob I. Cohen, undcr- 
laken to publish. Having in time accomplished this 
»nd settled upon his farm, he soon became identified 
v »'ith, and earnest in the promotion of, every material 
interest of the county. In a short time, such was his 
popularity, he was constantly chosen to represent the 
interests of his district in the Democratic County 
• "mentions, and frequently in the State councils of 
! 'iat party. In 1S74 he was appointed by Governor 
'•ruutne one of his aide-de-camps, with the rank of 
colonel. He was nominated in 1875 for State senator 
1 J 'hi- Democratic party, and elected after a most 
k <*ive and exciting campaign. In the Senate he was 
chairman of the joint Committee on Printing, and did 
k'ood service to the Stale by reducing the expendi- 

tures of the same twenty thousand dollars. This 
position he retained in the second session of the Leg- 
islature, in which he was equally successful in bis 
efforts to secure economy in that department. At the 
assembling of the Senate he was unanimously chosen 
president of the temporary organization, and was very 
often called to the chair during the absence of Col. 
Lloyd, the permanent president. It was mainly 
through the efforts of Col. Lee that the endowment 
of twenty-six free scholarships was obtained from the 
Stale for (be Western Maryland College at West- 
minster. His children are Arthur P., Sarah J. Fen- 
ner, and Stephen Howard Lee. 

Freedom District, or District No. 5, of Carroll 
County, is bounded on the north by Woolery District , 
on the east by Baltimore County, on the south by 
Howard County, and on the west by Franklin Dis- 
trict. It is intersected by Piney Bun, Big and 
Little Morgan's Buns, Owings' Run, and their tributa- 
ries, and the North and West Branches of the Pa- 
tapsco form the eastern and southern boundary lines 
of the district respectively. In addition to a number 
of turnpikes and excellent public roads, the Baltimore 
and Ohio Railroad skirts the southern portion of the 
district, affording the most ample facilities for traffic 
with points of commercial importance. Freedom 
District in 1S80 had a population of 3154. The 
following are the metes and bounds of the district as 
originally laid outby the commission appointcdin 1837: 

"Beginning at the month of Gillis' Falls where it enters in 
the Western Falls; thence running with said falls to its junc- 
tion with the Northern Branch; thence with the Northern. 
Branch to Beasman's urhlge; thence with the Deer Park road 
to the road loading from Philip Nieodemus's mill lo the Calico 
House; thence with said road at Pool's school-house; thence to 
Morgan's Run, near Thomas Beasmau's barn ; thence up Mor- 
gan's Run to District No. 9; thence with District No. 9 to the 
place of beginning." 

Freedom was made the place for holding the polls. 
The above lines were somewhat changed by an act 
passed May 3, 1853, readjusting the bounds of the 
Fifth, Ninth, and Fourth Districts. This is the largest 
district in the county in area, and was the first settled. 
Its pioneers were mostly of English descent, with 
some of Welsh and Scotch-Irish extraction. Among 
the first to make their homes in the district were John 
Welch, Abel Brown, Robert Twis, Edward Doisey, 
John Elder, Joshua Glover, Samuel Sewcll, Grove 
Shipley, the Littles, Mr. O'Douald, the Steeles, Dor- 
seys, Wadlows, Scriveners, Gores, Lees, Binghams, 
Bitters, Parishes, Bennetts, Gardners. Buckinghams, 
Enoch Baker, Joseph Willis, John Beard, Lindsays, 
and Hoods. The Shipley family, embracing several 



branches, was the most numerous, and is to the present , 

The founder of the Ritter family in Maryland was ' 
Elias Ritter, who settled on the Western Shore of the 
province in 1C50 

He was a native of Bcdingen, Ilesse-Darmstadt, ; 
Germany, where, it is said, lie possessed an estate 
covering twenty-four square miles of land, embracing ' 
three towns within its bounds. Bedingeu, the main ; 
town, was fortified, and contained the " Ritter Castle," [ 
the walls of which were still standing in 1 R4S. The ! 
family furnished men and munitions to the Protestant i 
cause during the " Thirty Years' War," and at the 
close of that struggle was sent into exile and their 
property confiscated. Elias Ritter went to England 
during the protectorate of Oliver Cromwell, there 
joined one of the expeditions sent by Lord Baltimore 
to Maryland, am] settled, in the western part of Anne 
Arundel County. 

At the time of the formation of Frederick County 
the family was located on the banks of the Mooocacy 
River. The names of the principal members of the 
family at that time were Elias, John, William, Tobias, 
Michael, and Ludwig, or Lewis. 

•John, a son of the founder of the family, assisted 
William Peun in surveying the province of Pennsyl- 
vania in 1082, for which service he received five thou- 
sand acres of land in Berks County, Pa. A descendant 
of this Ritter occupied a seat in the Twenty-eighth 
and Twenty-ninth Congresses. William and Elias 
Ritter were members of Oapt. William Keeport's 
company, Strieker's battalion, Maryland line of 1770. 

Tobias Ritter, another brother, was a member of 
the third company of Col. Armand's Pennsylvania 

Lewis Ritter, born Oct. 20, 1778, in Frederick 
County, Md, married Margaret Stall in 1803. This 
lady was the daughter of John Stall, of Franklin 
County, Pa., whose wife had been made a prisoner of 
war by the French and Indians after Braddock's defeat, 
and taken to France, where she remained until 1770, 
when she was restored to her family. The husband 
had been with Braddock's army. 

Jacob Ritter, born Nov. 20, 1804, near Fayette- 
ville, Franklin Co., Pa., married, December, 1829, 
Elizabeth, eldest daughter of Philip J. Ncff, a soldier 
in the war of 1812, and eldest son of Col. Michael 
Neff, a drill-officer under Washington during the 
American Revolution. Col. Neff served under Fred- 
erick the Great during his " Seven Years' War" as 
one of the " Light Horse" aud the king's body-guard. 
At the commencement of the Revolutionary war Col. 
Neff resided in Tyrone township, Adams Co., Pa., 

where Philip J. Neff, his eldest son, was born. A: 
the time of the marriage of Jacob Ritter and Eliza, 
beth Ncff, Philip J. Neff resided near Fayette, ill,, 
Franklin Co., Pa. 

In 1886, Jacob Ritter was commissioned as first 
lieutenant of Company A, One Hundred and Fifty, 
fifth Regiment of State Militia, by Governor Joseph 
Ritner, of Pennsylvania, and served in that, capacity 
six years. 

In August, 1847, he removed to Finksburg, Car- 
roll Co., Md., and in 1850 to Etdersburg, Freedom 
District, same county, where he died in 1870. 

William L. Ritter, the son of Jacob Ritter, was 
born near Fayetteville, Franklin Co., Pa., on the lltli 
of August, 1835. He began his career with only a 
common-school education, which by diligence and 
perseverance he supplemented in after-years with ;;11 
that was needed for the part he was called upon to 
play in life. 

At the age of twenty-two he was appointed uriil 
agent under the Buchanan administration, and held 
this position until the breaking out of the war. When 
hostilities began bis convictions led him to embrace 
the cause of the South, and without a moment's de- 
lay he resolved to cast his lot with the Confederate 
army. Accordingly, on the 24th of October, 1861 
in connection with Capt. Henry 15. Latrobe aud 
Licuts. F. O. Claiborne, John B. Rowan, and Wil- 
liam T. Patton, he recruited and organized the Third 
Battery Maryland Artillery. When the conrpanj 
was mustered into service he was appointed orderly 

Soon afterwards, the battery was ordered to East 
Tennessee, where it remained until Gen. E. Kirbv 
Smith marched into Kentucky, in August, 180:'. 
when it accompanied his army to Covington, oji;>" -it 
Cincinnati, Ohio. After the army returned to Ten- 
nessee the battery was ordered to Vicksburg, Mk' 
Capt. Latrobe there retired from service, and Lira' 
Claiborne was placed in command. On the 17th > ,: 
March, 1S03, Sergt. Ritter was elected second lieu 
tenant to (ill the. vacancy caused by the promotion o! 
his superior officer. Not long after his promotion ' 
was sent to Gen. Ferguson's command, on Deer ('ink. 
Miss., above Vicksburg, to take charge of a section i ' 
! light artill<*Vy of the Third Maryland Battery, tin 
I operating on the river in connection with a section* 
! Capt. Bledsoe's Missouri Artillery. Lieut. Kin 
distinguished himself during this service for braven 
and skill, and when during the long siege of Vic-- 
burg Capt. Claiborne was killed, he was promo'"' 
i to the rank of first lieutenant. In the seven days' !• 
I around Jackson, Miss., Lieut. Moore was wound' I 



w „i Jiitter took command. In the October following 
i,,. rejoined his old battery at Decatur, Ga. At (tie 
battle of Resaca, in May, 1864, he was wounded, but 
ri fused to retire from the field. He dressed his own 
Bound, and although urged by the battalion surgeon 
in no lo the hospital, kept his post, and in the absence 
,,f ('apt. Rowan, withdrew the guns from one of the 
in i-t exposed positions on the line. At the siege of 
Atlanta, Lieut. Hitter took command of the battery, 
('apt. Rowan having been called to the command of 
0»< battalion. At the death of Capt. Rowan, who 
was killed at the battle of Nashville, in , December, 
1 -64, he assumed command of the battery, and worked 

with a flour-mill, sawmill, and a comfortable country- 
house, with room enough fur the uses of home and 
the claims of a generous hospitality, with lawns, or- 
chards, and outhouses of every description and vari- 
ety. It is high, healthy, rich, well watered and 

More than forty years of Mr. Patterson's life were 
spent in changing this excellent homestead from " :. 
naked surface, incapable almost of cultivation," to a 
rich, highly-cultivated farm. " Time and grass were 
at the bottom of all" his achievements in this respect. 
Every field has had two hundred bushels of lime to 
the acre, and each " passed six years of nine in grass." 
the U'uns until the enemy drove his men from the j The great pasture, in full view from the front door of 
nieces at the point of the bayonet. At Columbus, ! the dwelling, has not been broken for many years, and 
Miss., Lieut. Ritter was promoted to captain to fill being constantly pastured by the beautiful Devons, 
the vacancy caused by the death of Cant. Rowan, his lias grown richer and richer, and grasses native and 
commission dating from the 16th of December, 1804. | exotic strive there for the mastery. 

He remained in active service until the troops were i His system of farming was first corn, manured on 
surrendered and paroled at Meridian, Miss., never : sod broken deeply, and yielding an average of twelve 
having taken a furlough nor spent a day in the hospi- ■ barrels to the acre. This was followed by a crop of 
tal during the entire term of his service. I oats, and then two years of clover. Next a crop of 

In February, 1806, he returned to Maryland, and wheat, on which ammoniated phosphate was used 
on the 26th of November, 1S67, married Mrs. Sarah : for the purpose of ripening the crop. At the time 
Howard Rowan, widow of Capt. John B. Rowan, his : the wheat was sown the field was set to grass for 
late companion in arms, aud daughter of Col. Thomas | hay, and for three years after the wheat crop was 
Howard, of Elktou, Md. I taken off mown, and the next year grazed. Manure 

Thy Springfield Estate, — George Patterson was j was applied during the last year and the sod again 
the youngest son of William Patterson, well known broken for corn, beginning the regular nine years' 
in Baltimore, who was possessed of a large amount , course. 

of real estate in that city. He was also the brother j Mr. Patterson raised Berkshire hogs instead of 
of Mrs. Elizabeth Patterson, the first wife of the late ! Chester, Southdown, and Shropshire sheep, and game 
Jerome Honaparte. He took possession of his estate ' chickens instead of fancy fowls. His stock of horses 
iii Carrol! County, containing about three thousand was unsurpassed. Many Marylande'rs will long re- 
tcres of land, in 1824, and made it his home until the j member Mr. Patterson's stout, well-proportioned, 

tune of his death, which occurred Nov. 19, 1869, in 
hs seventy-fourth year. He was possessed of consid- 
erable wealth, and was largely engaged in importing 
m;<! raising improved stock. He was an extensive ex- 
hibitor at the agricultural fairs held in the State before 
loe beginning of the late war, but never competed 
•or premiums, taking pride, only in adding to the in- 
terest of the show by the presence of his tine ani- 
Hi:il>. His immense farm was called " Springfield," and 
«•>- Mtuatcd near Sykesville. He was an esteemed 
1 '""-n, and his death was lamented by a large circle 
friends and acquaintances. 

'"' rtngfield is one of the most admirable and com-' 

: "- farming establishments in Maryland. It is sit- 

'•"' a short distance from the Sykesville Station, on 

Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, and contains about. 

: - ■ thousand acres of land, fifteen hundred of which 

''" l8 "° were under cultivation. It is furnished 

powerful, and active horses at the State fairs. 

Under the cultivation of Mr. Patterson, Springfield 
became the most celebrated, and was truly what he 
designed it should be, the model farm of Maryland. 
He erected his mansion on an eminence overlook- 
ing the farm aud surrounding country. It is one 
hundred and seventy-five feet front by fifty feet deep. 
The front has a two-story porch supported by pillars. 
The house, which is somewhat classical iu style, is 
unique iu its arrangements and a perfect country 
home. The iron and copper-mines upon this prop- 
erty, discovered in 1850, were profitably worked until 
1861, aud more recently leased to Graff, Bennett <fc 
Co.. of Pittsburg, and Read, Stickney & Co., of Bal- 
timore, who have, begun operations with indications of 
valuable results. "Springfield Farm" is distinctively 
noted for its Devon cattle, Mr. Patterson having made, 
in 1817, the first importation of thoroughbred Devons 



into the United States, through his brother Robert, 
and as a present from Mr. Coke, afterwards Earl of 
Leicester. 1 The following were his importations iu 
order, as recorded in the " Devon Herd-Book" : Bulls, 
Anchises, No. 140; Eclipse, No. 191; Herod, No. 
214; Norfolk, No. 2CG ; Ohatsworth, No. 182; Dick 
Taylor, No. 4SG; the President, Nos. 639 and 901. 
From these most of the Devon herds of this country 
are descended. 

George Patterson married Prudence A. Brown, the 
daughter of Thomas C. and sister of Stephen T. C. 
Brow u, who survives him and lives iu Baltimore. 
Their only child, Florence, married James Carroll, of 
Charles. She died in 1S78, much lamented. After 
Mrs. Carroll's death, Mrs. Patterson and Mr. Carroll 
decided to sell " Springfield" to Frank Brown, which 
was done in 1880. Mr. Brown inherited the estate 
known as " Brown's Inheritance" from his father, 
Stephen T. C. Brown. The laud had been brought 
to the highest state of cultivation by Mr. Brown's 
father and his grandfather, Thomas C. Brown, and is 
one of the best farms in the State. He combined the 
two farms, and has since been actively engaged in 
cultivating and improving the whole estate. As con- 
solidated, his farm now contains two thousand five 
hundred acres, and is not surpassed in point of culti- 
vation by any in the State. Mr. Brown has not only 
maintained the reputation of Devon cattle, but has 
even improved it. 

It will be seen that these two farms have been 
blended together from their origin in the close alli- 
ance of the iamilies of their respective owners. 

Frank Brown, proprietor of the one farm by in- 
heritance aud of the other by purchase, is the only 
son and heir of the late Stephen T. C. and Susan 
Bennett Brown. He was born Aug. 8, 1846, on 
" Brown's Inheritance." The ancestor of the family in 
this country was Abel Brown, who emigrated from 
Dumfries, Scotland, to near Annapolis, Md., iu 1730 ; 
he removed later to this part of Carroll (then Balti- 
more CouDty), and purchased a large tract of laud 
adjoining Springfield. This he brought to a high 
state of cultivation ; it caiue iuto the possession of 
Elias Brown, Sr., who erected a stone saw and flour- 
mill, the corner-stone of which bears the date of 1798. 
He was a prominent citizen, and actively participated 
in civil affaire. He had four sons, — Thomas Cockey, 
Elias, Jr., William, and Stephen, — all of whom served 
in the war of 1812. Elias Brown, Jr., became promi- 
nent iu the State, was u member of the United Slates 

)io\..u Hcnl-JJook ,' 

Congress, and a Democratic Presidential elector a 
number of times. Thomas C. Brown inherited the 
estate, a division of which having been made, William 
Patterson, of Baltimore (the distinguished merchant 
and citizen, one of the organizers of the Baltimore and 
Ohio Railroad, the father of Robert, George, Joseph. 
Edward, Henry, and Elizabeth Patterson, — Madam- 
Bonaparte), purchased a portion which contribute! 
largely to make up his " Springfield" estate. Thomas 
C. Brown married Susan Snowden, a descendant of 
Baptiste Snowden, of St. Mary's County, Md., who had 
removed to the vicinity on a farm which he called 
Brautou, on which he built a house of cut straw and 
clay, still standing in a good state of preservation. 
Col. Francis Snowden, the ,son of Baptiste, married 
Miss Miles, of St. Mary's, aud these are (he maternal 
great-grandparents of the subject of this sketch. The 
children of Thomas C. Brown were Lewis, Prudence 
A., the widow of George Patterson, and Stephen T. 
C, the father of Frank Brown. 

Stephen T. C. was born in 1820, reared on (lie 
"Inheritance," and in 1S42 married Susan Bennett; 
was a member of the State Legislature, one of the 
original subscribers to the Maryland Agricultural 
College, a most, useful citizen, a representative man 
and agriculturist of the country. He was an official 
and leading member of the Springfield Presbyterian 
Church, which was established and supported by him 
and George Patterson, and whose edifice and parson 
age were erected by their combined efforts. Mr. 
Brown was a matt of decided character, strong con- 
victions, benevolent spit it and works, Christian con- 
sistency and activity, and universally esteemed. Be 
died in December, 1S7G. 

Frank Brown is the only son of the last mentioned. 
At the age of eighteen his father gave him a farm, 
well stocked and furnished, adjoining the homestead, 
which he successfully managed for several years. lie 
entered the agricultural implement and seed-house of 
R. Sinclair & Co., of Baltimore, where he received 
valuable training, of practical use in his after-year.-. 
He was later placed in charge of the Patterson estates 
in Baltimore, which he managed to the satisfaction ot 
the heirs. He was subsequently appointed by Gov- 
ernor Bowie to a responsible place in one of the State 
tobacco warehouses, which position he held for eh 
years. In 1875 he was elected to the House of 
Delegates, Maryland Assembly, aud in 187S re- 
elected. His success was a gratifying proof vi' the 
public confidence in him. At the close of his second 
term he withdrew from political affairs, the care of 
"Springfield" and the Patterson interests having de- 
volved upon hill) after his father's death, who for fix 





vrars subsequent to George. Patterson's demise had 
|| .. management of them. This was a task requiring 
the exercise of financial wisdom and good executive 
ability, but Mr. Frank Brown has been equal to these 
great responsibilities. Naturally endowed with busi- 
ness capacity, his early experience fitted him for the 
management of his trusts. .Like his father, he, too, 
lakes a lively interest in the affairs of the county and 
his vicinity, and in many respects supplies his place. 
He was elected a trustee of Springfield Presbyterian 
Churcll, to fill the vacancy caused by his father's 
death. He was also made trustee under Mrs. James 
Carroll's (n&e Florence Patterson) will, for her legacy 
to the church of five thousand dollars. He is one of 
the executive committee of the Maryland State Agri- 
i ultural Association, and a director of the Maryland 
Live-Stock Breeders' Association. At the late tenth 
annual meeting of the Maryland Agricultural and 
Mechanical Association, held Oct. 27, 1SS1, he was 
elected its p esident. 

Mr. F. Blown married (December, 1S79) Mary 
R. Preston, nee Miss Ridgely, daughter of David 
Ridgely, of Baltimore. They reside on the farm 
during summer and in Baltimore during the winter. 

Below is given a list of persons in Freedom Dis- 
trict in 1879 who had reached the age of eighty 
\iars. The names of twenty-two persons are given, 
whose ages amount to 1881 years, or an average of 
eighty five and a half years: 

Mrs. Jane C. Smith, 83 ; Joshua Hipsloy, 81; Mrs. Rebecca 
B Ii , 84 ; Daniel Gassaway (colored), S5 ; Mrs. P. Wilson, 

•I: Samuel Jordan, S4; Mrs. E. Ware, 83 j Nathaniel Rieh- 
»rdson, 86; Jacob Beem, SO: Rev. Dr. Piggot, 84; J. Linton, 
S3; Mrs. Matilda Phillips, S4; George Haywrath, 82; Nathan 
''■ rter, S3 , Mrs. Susanna Warfield, S3; Sebastian Bowers, St., 
-'•; Ruth Shipley, 99; James Morgan, S3; Ruth Frizzle, 94; 
I' Dicns (colored), 90; Rati Philips, 85 ; Susan Dixon (colored), 

De-fiance, a small village, is situated on the western 
edge of the district. Horace L. Shipley here has a 
Wore, formerly kept by his father, Larkin Shipley, a 
•Oil of John Shipley, one of the oldest settlers. 

St. Stephen's Lodge, No. 95, I. 0. 0. F., located 
»! Defiance, was instituted in May, 1857. Its charter 
tn. rubers were Jesse Leatherwood, Larkin Shipley, 
Dr. Francis J. Crawford, Abraham Greenwood, llan- 
»n Leatherwood. Its first officers were: 

«•<■-, Jesse Leatherwood; V. G., Larkin Shipley; Sec, Dr. 

1 . J. Crawford; Troas., Han-un Leatherwood. 
It> present officers (second term, 18S1) are: 
' ''-> John W. Pickett; V. (J., F. L. Oriswell; Sec., Augustus 

' ■■«" ; Per. Sec, Thomas L. Shipley ; Treas., C. It. Pickett ; 

c «n.,T. N.Shipley; Chapl., Dr. D. F. Shipley; Marshal, 

'>■ »n «■!,; Warden, David II. Haines; Dist. Den., Horace 

L. Shitilcv. 

Its neat frame hall, forty-tour by twenty-two feet, 
was built iu 1880. The trustees are Johu H. Conc- 
way, William II. Pickett, F. L. Oriswell. Number 
of members, seventy. 

Bethesda Methodist Episcopal church is situated 
north of the hamlet of " Pleasant Gap." It is a sub- 
stantial brick structure, erected iu 1S80. Immedi- 
ately iu its rear is the old log church, in which ser- 
vices were held from 1810, the date of its erection, 
until the completion of the new church in 18S0. 
The graveyard adjoining contains the following inter- 

Rutli, wife of James Parish, died July 24, 1875, aged CO. 

Vachel Buckingham, died Sept. I, 1866, aged 70; and his 
wife, Eleanor, Feb. 8, 1S71, aged 71. 

Prudence A. Lindsay, died Jan. 3, 1S79, aged 63; John A. 
Lindsay, died Jan. 10, 1S77, aged 64. 

Eliza J., wife of Andrew Wheeler, died Jan. 5, 1S7S, aged 19. 
I Henry S. Buckingham, died March 26, 1S72, aged 13. 
1 Ellen Nora Elizabeth, wife of Richard M. Chenoweth, died 
| Nov. 13, 1863, aged 22. 

Ann, wife of Joseph Willis, died Sent. 7, 1865, aged SS. 

Elizabeth, wife of Grove Shipley, born Sept. 11, 1776, and 
died July 8, 1854; and her husband, born April i, 1770, died 
Oct. 20, 1849. 

Louisa, wife of Grove Shipley, Jr., died June 21, 1846, aged 

James Parish, born April 15, 177:;, died March 20, 1853. 

Kiturah Parish, died June 1, 1848, aged 76. 

Thomas Barnes, died Feb. 20, 1860, aged 43. 

Array Parish, wife of Moses Parish, and daughter of Richard 
and Array Condon, died Nov. 20, 1861, aged 62. Moses Parish, 
born Sept, 6, 1795, died April 27, 1SG2; and his wife, Micha, 
daughter of Grove and Elizabeth Shipley, died Sept. 21, 1S39, 

Nicholas Shipley, born Jan. 2.-, ISO.'., died Jan. 15, 1S37. 

Sarah Shipley, born Nov. 20, 1707, died Jan. 22, 1S73. 

Sarah, wife of William A. Gibson, died March 12, 1S73, aged 

William Baker, born April 27, 1806, died July 20, 1876. 

Enoch Baker, died June 27, 1864, aged 97; and Mary, his 
wife, July S, 1863, aged 87.. 

Elizabeth, wife of Samuel Hughes, died May 1,1854, aged 31. 

Hannah, wile of Reese Brown, born Sept. 10, 17S9, died Sept. 
29, 1861. 

John Heard, boru Aug. 24, 17S0, died Aug. 2S, 1859. 

James W. Parish, died June 13, 1871, aged 50. 

Elizabeth, wile of John W. Parish, born March 25, 1830, 
died April 24, 1S7S. 

The Methodist Protestant church, built about 1S40, 
is just south of " Pleasant Gap." It is a frame struc- 
ture, originally built of logs, and then weather-boarded. 
It has one gallery, aud is two stories high. In the 
graveyard adjoining are only a few graves, among 
which is that of Abraham, son of Nicholas and Mary 
J. Wilson, boru April 12, 1867, died Jan. 2, 1S72. 
Most of them have no tombstones. 

Nathan Manro was horn in the State of Rhode 
Island, Sept. 29, 1730, aud was married, Nov. 21, 


1750, to Miss Hannah Allen, of that State. She was 
horn April 14, 1733. Their children were Hannah, 
Sarah, Elizabeth, Squire, Lydia, Nathan, Mary, Jona- 
than, David, Allen, and Thomas. Of these, Jona- 
than, the eighth child, -was horn Nov. 28, 1700, and 
came to Maryland from near Providence, R. L, with 
his brother Nathan, who died in 1827. Jonathan 
settled in Baltimore, and became a rich aud prosper- 
ous merchant. He owned several ships that were en- 

gaged in the Loudon and West India trade. He was 
married, Jan. 15, 1795, lo Sarah Conner, daughter of 
James Conner, and died Jan. 22, 1848. They had 
thirteen children, of whom two survive, Mrs. Dr. 
Turnball, of Baltimore, and Judge George W. Manro. 
The latter was born in Baltimore, March 22, 1810, 
and was liberally educated in the schools of that city. 
He followed the high seas for ten years on merchant 
vessels owned by his father, aud served as second mate 
under Capt. James Beard. Before he quit the seas 
he had command of the ship " Ocean," owned by the 
Osgoods. In 1837 he removed to the farm on which 
he now resides, and which was a part of the lauds 

purchased at an early date by his mother's father 
Jaincs Conner. Mr. Conner owned six hundred and 
three acres, made up of tracts surveyed aud patented 
to Samuel Sewell aud Joshua Glover. Oue of the.* 
" Buck's Park," was surveyed for Samuel Sew; 
April 1C, 1759, for fifty acres. Another, " Sewcl! ', 
Park,'' of twenty acres, was surveyed March 17, 17-1,', 
and another, of one hundred and twenty-one acre-. 
" Buck's Park," at another date. " 'William's Neg. 
leet," of thirteen and three-fourths acres, was surrey) : 
for Joshua Glover, Dec. 9, 1795. Judge Manro was 
married, Oct. 26, 1837, to Elizabeth Kelly, daughter 
of William and Martha (Loveall) Kelly, by Rev. 
Samuel Gore. Her brother, Nicholas Kelly, was the 
first sheriff of Carroll County. Judge Manro was 
one of the first magistrates appointed in the new 
county of Carroll, aud held this office for a long term 
of years. He was appointed one of the judges of 
the Orphans' Court in 1848, and served three years, 
and was elected in 1S51 for the term of four year- 
according to the provisions of the new constitutidu 
adopted that year. He was elected in 1807 one':' 
the six members from this county to the Constitu- 
tional Convention, and aided in framing (lie organic 
law uuder which Maryland is now governed. In 
1808 he was appointed by Governor Oden Bovrii 
inspector of tobacco, which position he held seven;] 
years. At present he is collector of taxes. Belli ( 
the bench and in all other public positions held 1; 
Judge Manro, his administration of affairs has ben. 
characterized by the ability, purity, and suavity i 
manner that has ever distinguished his life, and 1 ;t= 
made him a popular and valued public servant. If 
is a Eealous member of the Masonic order, in whirl 
i over thirty years ago, he received its first three e 
grees. He has been a lifelong Democrat, devoted l 
| the interests of his party, to which, under all vicissi 
I tudes, ho has strongly adhered, and to whose coun. ; ■ 

he ever gave his voice, and for the success of whii 

| his vote was always freely given. He is connect* : 

| with the Methodist Episcopal Church South at Y:> 

dom, in the erection of whose church edifice in l v: ' 

; he liberally contributed, and was chairman of ''■ 

] building committee. The judge resides on I 

splendid farm of three hundred and one acre?. 1' 

! cated a mile north of Eldersburg, where he and 1 

accomplished lady dispeuse old-fashioned Maryl i< 

hospitality. The name of his estate is " Bie - 

Park," called after two of the original surveys ne 

of the grant. 

Freedom. — The village of Freedom is four nu 
from Sykesville, and adjacent to Morgan's II 
Pincy Falls. It is situated on land belon in; 



O'Donald, a very largo landed proprietor in this dis 
..; -t at an early date. O'Donald, in laying out the 
village, gave the alternate lots to those, who purchased 
jots, and his liberality and freedom in his transactions 
t»ave the name to the village, and when the district 
was organized, in 1837, it took its name from the vil- 
lage, which was founded shortly after the Revolution. 
The residence of Dr. Joseph W. Steele, a log structure 
weather-boarded, was built about 1TC9, and during 
the Revolution and until a few years ago was occupied 
as a tavern. John Little kept it for many years. 
The village is on the old Liberty road, built in olden 
times by convicts, but before its construction there 
was an older road, which ran back of Dr. Steele's resi- 
dence (the old tavern). The Berret family is an old 
one in this region, and its first head here was a Hayti 
refugee, who married a daughter of O'Donald, the 
great land-owner. Mary E. Wadlow is postmistress, 
and J. Wadlow & Sons, merchants. J. Oliver Wad- 
low, the popular and efficient register of wills of Car- 
roll County, resides here. 

The physician of the town is Dr. Joseph W. Steele, 
who has been engaged in the practice of bis profession 
at this point since 1856. He was born near the vil- 
lage, March 6, 1831 (also the day of the birth of J. 
Oliver Wadlow), and is, on bis father's side, of Irish 
extraction. His grandfather was John Steele, who 
taught school and kept store at an early date a few 
miles distant (now iu Franklin District). John 
Steele met for the first time his future wile, Mary 
Hays, during the Revolution, at the tavern in Free- 
dom at a social party. The doctor's grandmother on 
his maternal side was a Gore, one of the oldest sec- 
llers, and his "wife was Margaret. J. Smith, a descend- 
ant of the earliest settlers of Baltimore Town. Where 
the village stands the only house for many years was 
the old tavern, whose high mantels and unique hand- 
carving betoken its great age. Dr. Nathan Browne, 
who lived near here and died in 1873, was a cele- 
brated physician. He was bom on the Eastern Shore 
of Maryland, and was distinguished for his philan- 
thropy. He never married, and lived with his be- 
loved nieces. He was a State senator from 18G7 to 
1871, and held other positions of great trust. He 
practiced here forty-five years. 

Br. W. M. Hines resides just west of the village. 
I'r. Hines has steadily practiced medicine in Car- 
foil County since 1840, save for a period of three 
years, and it may therefore be easily understood 
"■at he is pretty well known all over the county 
" well as in adjacent sections. He was born July 
- ; - 1 625, in the town of Liberty, Frederick County. 
Tl 'ere also his father, David," was born. David 

Dines was educated at Georgetown, D. O, and passed 
a busy life as farmer and merchant. He owi.ed and 
farmed iu early life the valuable tract known as 
"Glarle Garden." As a merchant he was prominent 
in Liberty, Frederick, and Baltimore, in which latter 
city ho ended his days. His wife was Jane . C, 





; daughter of Samuel Marshall. His father, Philip 

j Hines, served with considerable distinction in the war 
of the Revolution. The living sons and daughters of 

j David Hines are Mrs. Augustus Webster and Mrs. 

I Ignatius Gore, of Baltimore, and Dr. Hines. of Car- 
roll County. Dr. Hines passed his early youth at 

j Glade Garden farm, and at the age of fifteen was sent 
to Dickinson College, at Carlisle. At the end of four 

j years of study he occupied a place in the junior class, 
from which he was forced to retire by reason of ill 
health. A brief rest recuperated his energies, and in 
1844 he began the study of medicine under Dr. Na- 
than R. Smith, one of Baltimore's most distinguished 

| surgeons. Young Hines attended lectures at the 
University of Maryland, and graduated at that insti- 
tution in March, IS46. Very soon thereafter he lo- 
cated in Carroll County, near his present home, and 

. gave himself with such energy and vigorous determi- 
nation to the practice' of his profession that he found 
himself in due time in active demand in all the coun- 
try roundabout. His field was a large one, and his 
calls so numerous that for a time in his early experi- 


hihioky or wkstlt.v Maryland. 

euce he almost literally lived in the saddle. For a 
period of three years he was connected with the United 
States custoirj-hoiise at Baltimore, and for three 
months during the war of 1861-65 was a surgeon 
in the Federal army, with his station at Convent Hos- 
pital, Baltimore. Excepting these absences Dr. Hines 
has been regularly, in season and out of season, ouc of 
Carrol! County's leading physicians, and now, after a 
practice of thirty sis years, is hale, hearty, and vigor- 
ous, and still rides a large circuit and attends upon 
his numerous patients with wellnigh as much brisk- 
ness and ambitious spirit as marked the younger por- 
tions of his career. Like his father before him, he 
was an Old-Line Whig. Later he became and remains 
a Republican. Although alive to the progress of 
political events and deeply interested therein, he has 
steadily from the outset of his manhood's experience 
held consistently aloof from the business of office- 
seeking or office-holding. In 1S55 he married Fran- 
ces 1L, daughter of Rev. Augustus Webster, of Bal- 
timore. Mrs. Ilines died Oct. 3, 1S77. There are 
three living children, two of them being sons, Augus- 
tus W. and William M. 

Freedom Lodge, A. F. and A. M., No. 112, was 
chartered in 1SG2, with the following charter mem- 
bers : 
W. M., Warren N. Little; S. W., Dr. Joseph W. Steele; J. W., 

Nicholas L. Rogers; Sec, J. Oliver Wadlow : Trcas., John 


The lodge built its hall before obtaining its charter. 
It is a two-story frame building, twenty-four by forty- 
five feet, the lower part being used for a public school. 
Of the fourteen charter members the following are 
living; John Deckabaugh, Thomas Payuter, Lewis 
Ohler, J. Oliver Wadlow, Dr. J. W. Steele, John L. 
Nicholas, and Robert Clark. Its Worshipful Masters 
have been John Deckabaugh, J. Oliver Wadlow, Dr. 
J. W. Steele, Lewis Older, and Warren N. Little. 

Officers for 18S1 : 

W. M., John Deckabaugh; S. W., Thomas Paynter; J. W., 
Samuel W. Uarnet: See., Dr. J. W. Steele; Trens., J. 
Oliver Wadlow. 

It numbers forty-seven Master Masons, two Fellow 
Crafts, and one Entered Apprentice. Dr. J. W. 
Steele has served as Grand Standard Bearer in the 
Grand Lodge. At a single festival this lodge took in 
fourteeu hundred dollars, which cleared it of all debts, 
and left a surplus for charitable purposes. 

The Methodist Episcopal church, built in 1822, is 
between Freedom and Eldersburg. It is a handsome 
edifice, displaying considerable architectural taste. 

In its cemetery are the graves of the following per- 
sons : I 

Nicholas Dorsey, died Sept. 9, 1878, aged 60. 
Elizabeth Dorsey, died March 2, 18S1, aged 70. 
Samuel Bingham, died Aug. 17, 187(5, aged 66. 
Itnth Bingham, died Aug. 27. 1880, aged 72. 
Caroline Brown, born April 15, 1815, diod July 17, 1878. 
Jesse W. Bran ienhurg, born Dee. 19, 1838, died Jan. 9, li; ; .. 
Caroline, wife of William Cooley, died March 3, 1877, agi t 
j 40. 

Sarah, wife of David Slack, died Feb. 20, 1S7S, aged 91. 
Rebecca, wife of William D. Frizzell, born .March 17. Is.';., 
died Feb. 26, 1860 ; and her husband, horn March 7, 1829, died 
March 21, 1870. 

John Frizzell, died March 31, 1870, aged 69. 
John Wadlow, died Sept. 10, ISM, need 50 ; end Jemima, hia 
wife, April s, 1872, aged 67. 

Anna Maria Shipley, born Feb. 27. 1775, died Jan. 15, 1S57. 
1 Frances Hollis, wife of Dr. William M. Hines, died Oct. 3, 

Achsa, wife of William Scrivenor, died April 8, 1872, aged 

Israel Frizzell, born March 23, 1807, died Aug. 6, 1870. 
Stephen It. Gore, born April 1, ISIS, died Feb. 25, 1S72. 
Jabez Gore, died Jan. 7, 1851, aged 39. 

Fee. Samuel Gore, died Sept. 4, 1 80S, aged 75 (a local 
preacher of Methodi I Episcopal Church for 50 years); and 
Tlnresa, his wife, iron Nov. 20, 17S9, died Feb. 29, 1864. 
1 Nathan Clark, died Sept. 22, 1852, age 6S. 

Joseph Steele, die 1 Aug. 25, 1855, aged 01 ; and his wife Char- 
1 lotte, April 22, 1857, aged 58. 

John T. Steele (a Freemason), died Aug. 9, 1S63, aged 42. 
Cecilia, wife of William Beam.and third daughter of Matthew 
, and Catharine Chambers, born Jan. 24, 1806, died Dec. IS, 
| 1S70. 

Matthew Chambers, died Aug. 15, 1825, aged 52. 
Col. Peter Little, died Feb. 5, 1830, aged 54; and his wife, 
; Catharine, July IS, 1S67, aged 79. 

Sophia Levely, died Sept. 17, IS46, aged 53. 
Warren Little (a Freemason), born Feb. 29, 1811, died Feb. 
21, 1863. 
, John Little, died Sept. 5, 1S53, aged SO. 

Mis. Catharine Sieelc, eldest da".ghl"r of John and Aiinn 
Little, died April 11. 1865, aged aa. 

David Little, died Aug. 2.'., 1S57, aged 02. 
George Clift, died Fob. 9, 1S52, aged 75. 
Elizabeth Clift, died Dec. 30, 1S58, aged 94. 
Elizabeth Hines, died May 3, 1867, ag< I 63. 
Hannah Lindscy, died Aug. 31, 1S02, aged 74. 
Joshua Lee, died March 4, 1871, aged 88; and his wife, Su- 
sannah, Nov. 21, 1SC9, aged S3. 

Jesse Lee, died March 23, 1866, aged OS. 
Thomas Lucy, died July 16, 1S5S, aged 92. 
Margaret, wife of John Elder, bom Jan. 10, 1774, died May 
8, 1S49. 

Thomas Bingham, died May 5, 1854, aged SO. 
Mary, wife of John Twemmy, born Aug. 9, 1812, died Jan 
21, 1855. 

Julia, wife of William C. Lindsay, died Aug. 0, 1874, age I 

Honor Lee, wife of Thomas Lee, died June 30, 185"., aged 
04; and her husband, Nov. 5, 1851, aged 75. 

The corner-stone of the Methodist Episcopal Church 
South, a handsome brick structure, lying between Free- 
dom and Eldersburg, was laid April 13, 1868, when 
Rev. Wm. Etchison was pastor. Judge George W. 


Matiro was chairman of the building committee. Its 
present pastors are Revs. Walters and Martin. 

In the churchyard are buried the following persons: 

John W. Brown, born Oct. 9, 1811, and died March 7, 1877. 

Jemima B., wife of John 0. Pearco, born Sept. U, 1827, died 
Jan. 12, 1875. 

Their Bon, Elias J., boru Feb. 2, 1850, died Aug. 2:'., 1S76. 

Jacob Ritter, born Not 20, 1804, died Dec. 2G, 1870,— de- 
tcendaut of the earliest Hitter of 1630,— and Elizabeth, his 
wife, b irn Feb. 17, 1806, died March 23, 1S79. 

Juliet Welsh, wife of Luther Welsh, died Juno 1,1869, aged 63* 

Rath, wife of Freeborn Gardner, died March 29, 1870, aged 62. 

Elizabeth, wife of Samuel W. Barnett, died July 7,1871, aged 

J. Wyatt; 1869, Rev. .). Worrall La 
Rev. Robert Pigott, D.D., present rcc 

Dec. D, IS69, 


Lied Feb. 3, 1862, aged 61 

Eldersburg. — The town of Eldersburg, three and a 
half miles from Sykesville and thirty-two from Balti- 
more, was named in honor of John Elder, who laid it 
out before 1800. and who was an early settler, owning 
large tracts of land in the vicinity. It has a lodge of 
I. 0. Good Templars, and Grange No. 139 of Patrons 
of Husbandry, of which N. D. Norris is Master, and 
George M. Prugh, secretary. Among the busiuess 
men of the town are T. A. Barnes, postmaster and 
merchant; Dr. II. C. Shipley, physician; L. II. W. 
Selby, undertaker; J. & L. II. Selby, millers; and 
,!. Collins, shoemaker. 

Holy Trinity Parish, Protestant Episcopal 
Church, originated on March 8, 1771, when John 
Welch entered into a bond in the penal sum of two 
hundred pounds, English sterling, to convey to Abel 
Urown, Robert Twis, Edward Dorsey, and John Elder 
two acres of land, provided the said persons would build 
a " Chappell of Ease" for the benefit of " Delaware 
Hundred," the name of their election district. The 
church was built (a stone structure), and became a 
part of St. Thomas' Parish, Baltimore County. In the 
lapse of time the congregation thinned out, Episco- 
pal services were no longer held, and the Baptists for 
some years occupied the edifice. After a time the 
liaplists were unable to maintain their congregation, 
and the building was not used for religious services, 
but became the abode of cattle aud horses. 

On June 1, 1843, Holy Trinity Parish was formed 
Oat of St. Thomas', and this ancient building repaired, 
rebuilt, and refurnished, and on Oct. 31, 1843, con- 
secrated anew. The vestrymen then chosen were 
Crcorge P. Warfield, Wm. H. Warficld, James Sykes, 
•'' -e Hollingsworth, George W. Manro, John Col- 
'• ■■ -», Nicholas Dorsey, and Warocr W. Warficld, and 
il "- Register, Washington L. Bromley. Its pastors 

■ : rectors have been : 

liov-.D. HillhouseBu 
-51, Rev. S. Chalmor 

11; 1S-17, llcv.Wrn. B.Siiowd- 
Davis; 1831-69, Kev. Thorn 

The officers for 1881 were: Vestrymen. L. W. W. 
Selby, Dr. C. C. Moorehead, Thomas B. Jones, Capt. 
J. W. Bennett, John Grimes, W. B. Shipley, A. Voor- 
hees, John Barnes, Sr., Wm. P. Grimes, and George 
W. Holmes; Wardens, George W. Holmes, John 
Grimes; Register. Charles B. Favour, Esq. 

In the churchyard the following persons are buried: 

| Kate, wife of Z. Hollingsworth, died Sept. 21, 1S5S. 
i Their son, Zebulon, died April ?,, 1861, aged 31. 

Elizabeth, wile of Edward Ireland, Jr., died Jan. 19, 1862, 
aged 32. 

Emma E. Lucy, died Nov. 14, 1861, aged 41. 
Barbara, daughter of Andrew and Martha Fite, born July 
16, 1831, died April 7, 1865. 
I Jesse Hollingsworth, born March 19, 180(1, died April 8. 1S72. 
Anna Baker, daughter of J. sso and Sophia Hollingsworth, 
born April 21, 1829, died April 16, 1870. 

George Frascr Warficld, born March 20, 1769. died Dec. 11, 
1S4P; and his wife Rebecca (daughter of Abel Drown), born 
i Ike. 24, 1771. died March 4, 1352. 

j William Warficld, born Aug. 3, 1867, died March 26, 1S37. 
j Augustus Edward Dorsey, died Dec. 9, 1S69, aged 60. 
I James Soper, died Oct. 10, 1811, aged 43. 

I Springfield Presbyterian church, a fine three- 
story structure, was creeled in 183G by George Pat- 
I tersou and Stephen T. C. Brown. A lew years later 
I the parsonage, adjoining, was built. The building has 
been used both as a church and school. The school 
was incorporated as " Springfield Academy" by an act 
of the Legislature passed Jan. 6, 1838. The first 
trustees designated in this act were Dr. Ilawes Golds- 
borough, Dr. B. D. Hewitt, Dr. Nathan Browne, Eli 
Hewitt, Nathan Gorsuch, Joseph Steele, and Cornelius 
Shipley. The last pastor of the church was Rev. 
Charles Beach, who had charge of the academy now 
conducted by his daughters. The present trustees of 
the academy are Prank Brown, Wm. C. Polk, Lewis 
Shultz, Richard J. Baker, Joliner Wadlow, J. O. 
Devries, Joshua I). Warfield, P. W. Webb, and 
Robert. C. McKinney. Miss Florence Patterson, who 
died in 187S, left to the church and academy a be- 
quest of five thousand dollars, which is held by Frank 
Brown in trust for the interests of the church. 

In the graveyard in the tear of the church and 
academy the following persons are buried : 

I George Devries, over whom there is erected an elegant Scotch 

j Sarah L., his wife, died Aug. 26, 1877. 

Stephen T. C. Drown, born Nov. 12, 1S20, di, d Dec. 6, 1S76. 

Mary, daughter of Stephen T. C. aud Susan A. Drown, boru 
Aug. 29, 1843, died May 30, 1863. 

Susan, wife of Thomas C. Drown, born Feb. 1, 1791, died 
Sept. 19, 1861. 

Florence, wife of Carroll, and daughter of George and 


Prudence A. Patterson, born June 13, 1847, died Oct. 15, 1S7S 
(resting on her brca-l was the body of her infant son). 

George Patterson, born Aug. 20, 1790, died Nov. 20, 1889. 

George, son of George and Prudence A. Patterson, born Sent. 
9, 1844, died Dec. 21,1810. 

Eli Hewitt, died April 10, 1 SOS, aged 02; and Ann B., his 
wife, Jan. IS, 1859, aged 52. 

Susanna, wife of John L. Nicholas, died July 14, 1862, 
aged 38. 

Nicholas Harry, born in parish Tywardrcath, County Corn- 
wall, England, May, 1809, died Fob. 5, 1802. 

Catharine Buckingham, died Nov. 1, 1875, aged 71. 

Augustus Smith, died June 15, 1802, aged 42. 

Jane, wife of Henrj Nicholas, died Ang. 25, 1858, aged 37. 

Sykesville is on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, 
thirty-two miJes from Baltimore, and by turnpike 
twenty-two, and seventeen from Westminster. It is 
pleasantly located on the West Branch of the Patapsco 
River, which supplies abundance of water for milling 
and other purposes. It is a flourishing town, and a 
large business is done here in lumber, lime, coal, fer- 
tilizers, and geneial merchandise. It has become a 
favorite resort for the families of Baltimoreans, man} 
of whom board at the farm-houses in the neighbor- 
hood during the summer. The town was named after 
James Sykes, son of John Sykes, a famous Baltimore 
merchant. He came here in 1S25, and bought a 
thousand acres of land in different tracts, including 
the site of the town, on which at that time the only 
building was a saw- and grist-mill. He replaced the 
obi mill by a new and substantial structure in 1830- 
31, and erected a five-story stone hotel to meet the 
requirements of the railroad then built to this place, 
and for a summer resort. It was fifty by seventy- 
four feet in dimensions, and the fiuest hotel in Mary- 
land o"utside of Baltimore at that date. In 1837, 
when John Grimes (the present hotel-keeper) came 
here, there were but four or five houses, and John 
Garrett kept the big hotel. In 1845, Mr. Sykes en- 
larged his stone mill aud converted it into the 
" Howard Cotton-Factory," and also built, large houses 
for his operatives. He carried it on until 1857, em- 
ploying over two hundred hands, wdicn the monetary 
crisis caused his suspension. This factory lias not 
been in operation since, except for a short time, when 
run by L. A. Purenuet and Miller for a year or so, 
and for a brief period during the war by James A. 
Gary on certain lines of manufactured goods. Mr. 
Sykes died in the spring of 1881, universally esteemed 
and respected. The oldest house standing is a log 
hut occupied by George Collins. The first house 
built on the site of the town was carried off by the 
flood of 180S, which did immense damage, sweeping 
away many buildings, including the large hotel then 
kept by John Grimes, and the store of Zimmerman 

& Shultz. This firm lost all their goods, and also 

I their iron safe with its contents of money, books, etc. 

I The safe was never found. The first physician to 
settle here was Dr. Array Owings it! 184G. J. M. 
Zimmerman is postmaster, railroad and express agent, 
and Dr. C. C. Moorhead, the physician of the neigh- 

[ borhood. Messrs. Zimmerman & Shultz, merchants. 
came here from Frederick in 1858, and have built 
up an immense trade, having been very success- 
ful in business. After being washed out by the great 

I freshet iu 1868 they built another fine stone house 
across the street and opposite their old place of 
business. John McDonald & Co. erected their ele- 

| gant stone store in 1S65, and have an' extensive 
trade. Samuel R. Duvall has just completed a large 
building, where he carries on a big business iu agri- 
cultural implements, hardware, etc. Messrs. Zimmer- 
man & Shultz own the mill property and factory 
formerly belonging to Mr. Sykes. All these houses, 

I together with the Methodist Episcopal and Episcopal 
churches, are on the Howard County side of the 
river. E. M. Mellor is also engaged in the merchan- 
dise business. When Mr. Sykes came to this spot 

i in 1825 there were only three houses or buildings, 

: including the mill, but to-day the population is over 
four hundred. 

The Methodist Episcopal church, a handsome stone 

| edifice, was erected in 1878 on a very high eminence 
overlooking the town. It has stained windows and 
a well-toned bell. It was built under the pastorate of 

1 Rev. C. W. Baldwin, who was in charge from 1878 
to 1879. His successor, Rev. T. M. West, remained 

: from 1879 to 1SS1, when the present incumbent, 
Rev. A. J. Gill, entered upon the discharge of his 
duties as pastor. The Sunday-school superintendent 
is J. E. Gaither. 

Previous to the erection of the church building in 
1878 the congregation held its services in a large 

! frame building opposite the cotton-factory. 

St. Joseph's Catholic church, a handsome structure, 
is near the depot, and on a beautiful site. It was 
begun before the war, aud completed in 1867. Its 

I pastor is Father League, of Woodstock College, and 
the congregation is large and zealous. 

The Protestant Episcopal church in Holy Triuih 
Parish was built in 1850, on June 11th of which 
year the corner-stone was laid. Its rector then was 
Rev. S. Chalmers Davis, who, in 1651, was succeeded 
by Rev. Thomas J. Wyatl, who continued to 1869, 
during which year Rev. J. Worrall Larmour officiated 
a few months. The present rector, the learned and 

. venerable Robert Pigot, D.D.. came to the parish 

i Dec. 6, 1869. The church edifice is a substantia'- 



■tone structure of imposing architecture, and located 
P u the Howard County side, with a fine view of the 
whole town. The list of its officers is given above, . 
being the same as those in charge of the Eidersburg 
Church, which with this forms Holy Trinity Parish, i 
made out of St. Thomas' in 1813. Its rector, Rev. 
Dr. Pigot, was born May 20, 1795, iu New York 
City. His father was a native of Chester, England, 
came to America a soldier in the king's army, and j 
was present, Sept. 13, 1750, at the battle of Quebec, [ 
under Gen. Wolfe, where he witnessed that famous 
commander's victory and death. He located after 
the close of the French and Indian war in New York 
City, where before and after the Revolution he was a 
successful school-teacher. During the French and 
Indian war he was one of the secretaries of Lord j 
Amherst, the commander of all the king's forces in 

The doctor's family was founded in England by 
Pigot, Baron of Boorne, it. Normandy, one of the 
forty knights who accompanied William the Con- 
queror. An elder branch settled at Chetwynd Park 
and Bdgemont, in Shropshire, where it yet continues, 
nuother possessed Doddeshall Park, in Bucks, and the 
third removed to Ireland. lis arms were — sanguine — 
three pickaxes — argent crest — a greyhound, passant, 
sable; mottoes, labore et virtule, and conauti debi- 
lum; seats, Archer Lodge, Sheffield upon Lodden ( 
Hants, and Banbury, Oxfordshire. On the maternal 
line, Dr. Pigot is descended from Cerdic, a Saxon , 
prince, who invaded England -195 and 510 B.C. He 
Was brought up iu the church, and ordained Nov. 23, ] 
1823, by Bishop White. He came to Maryland from ■ 
Pennsylvania in 1837, and was made rector of North 
Sassafras, Cecil Co. In 1840 he became rector of j 
Grace Church, Elkridge Lauding, and Ellicott Chapel, I 
Anne Arundel County. In 18-12 he was chosen ! 
principal of Darlington Academy, and in 1844, mis- 
sionary and rector of Redemption Church, in Balti- 
more, to which, in 1845, was added Cranmcr Chapel. 
In 1847 he was made professor in Newton Univer- | 
sity of Baltimore, in 1850 was city missionary. Iu 
18,)5 he was an assistant in the University of Mary- 
land, and chancellor of the Protestant University. 
His first rectorship was St. Mark's, Lewistown, Pa., 
from 1.825 to 1828. Iu 1869 he came to Holy Trin- 
ity' Parish, and on March 30, 1870, his house burned 
down, and he lost by the fire the church register, all 
his literary labors for fifty- three years, and all his ser- I 
"'"'i for forty-seven. This venerable divine is one of 
«'o oldest Freemasons in America, having received | 
L 'ie three first degrees iu Masonry iu 1824. Since 
as taken all the degrees to and including the 


thirty-second. He belongs to the Maryland Com- 
mandery, No. 1, of Baltimore, from which he was 
the recipient of a splendid sword, presented to him as 
a Sir Knight. A handsome Masonic medal, bearing 
date of bis initiation into the order (1824), was also 
presented to him, with the Latin inscription, " Talk 
cruccm et coronam." lie has repeatedly, and for 
many years, served as chaplain in various Masonic 
organizations and bodies, both in Pennsylvania and 

Another noted family connected with Holy Trinity 
Parish since its establishment in 1S43 is that of the 
Warfields. Richard Warfield, a native of Wales, 
came to this country in 1638, and pitched his tent 
nine miles from Annapolis, Md., at a place now known 
as the ''■ Black Horse Tavern." His second sou was 
Alexander, whose third son was Hazel Warfield. 
The latter was twice married. By his first wife were 
born Henry Warfield, a member of Congress, Dr. 
Charles Alexander Warfield, Dr. Peregrine Warfield, 
Dr. Gustavus Warfield ; and by his second wife, 
George Frazer Warfield and Sally Waters, of Ten- 
nessee, whose daughter married Dr. Robinson, who 
was the father of the wife of Judge Henning, of 
New Orleans, whose daughter married Gen. Hood, of 
the Confederate army. Dr. Charles A. Warfield 
was a stanch patriot (as were all the Warfields) in 
the Revolution, and was a lieutenant in the Conti- 
nental army. He was with the party which boarded 
the British vessel " Peggy Stewart" and burned her 
with her cargo of tea at Annapolis. George Frazer 
Warfield was born March 20, 1769, in Baltimore, 
and became a noted merchant of that city. In 
1S34 he removed to his country-seat, " Groveland," 
in the vicinity of Sykesville, where be died Dec. 11, 
1869. His wife was Rebecca Brown, daughter of 
Abel Brown, and a sister of ex-Congressman Elias 
Brown. She was born near Sykesville, Dee. 24, 
1774, and died March 4, 1852. The Warfield family 
was largely instrumental in creating the parish of 
Holy Trinity, rebuilding the church edifice at Elders- 
burg, and building the one at Sykesville, and three of 
its members, William H., George F., and Warner W., 
were members of the first vestry in 1843. George 
Frazer Warfield's children were Lewis, George F., 
Warner W., William H. (of United States armyj, 
Susanna, Rebecca, married to Richard Holmes, and 
Elizabeth, married to Mr. Wade, a lawyer of Massa- 
chusetts. Miss Susanna Warfield lives at " Grove- 
land" with her nephew, George W. Holmes. She was 
born in 1794, and is a well-preserved lady of the old 
school, — dignified and courtly, paying great attention 
to current events, and specially interested in the 


church. George Frazer Warfield was one of the de- 
fenders of Baltimore, and named his country-seat 
" Grovcland" at the suggestion of Miss Bentley, a j 
sister of his son George's wife. " Aunt Harvey," a j 
sister of Abel Brown, and aunt to Mrs. George Frazer 
Warfield, was murdered by the Indians near Harper's 
Ferry, while on her way to the AY est, about 1 7 7 ."> , 
and one of Abel Brown's brothers was killed under | 
Braddoek at this unfortunate general's defeat. 

In the Protestant Episcopal graveyard there area 
few interments, among which are the following: 

Juuies Kerry, died Sept. 13, 1805, aged 78. 

M.nnic E., daughter of John K. and Rachel A. Mellor, born 
Oct. 17. 1S69, died Feb. 26, 1872. 

Ido Holena, daughter of William L. »nd Ann E, Long, born 
Oct. 20, 1SG7. die, 1 . Jan. 31, 1869. 

Margaret, wife of William Dean, died Feb. U, 185S, aged 


of Wi 

II. Hooper, died Feb. 3, 185 


a«ed 81. 

Mary Gill, died March 26, 1S63, aged 57. 

Funny Isabel, born July 27, 1814, died Oct. 

Marccllus Warfield, died June ?,, IS;,,., aged 35. 

Warner W. Warfield, born March 20, 17SS, died July 28, 

Elba furnace lies just below Sykesville, but has not 
been worked since the flood of 1868. It was opened 
and operated years ago by the Tysons. 

Elias Brown, a son of Abel Brown, one of the first 
settlers and largest landed proprietors of the district, 
died July 3, 1857. He was a Presidential elector for 
Monroe in 1820, and for Gen. Jackson in 1828, and 
in 1824 his brother, William Brown, was also a 
Presidential elector for Jackson in the great quadruple 
contest. Elias Brown was for several years a member 
of Congress. He was a delegate to the State Con- 
stitutional Convention of 1851, and a member of the 
House of Delegates fro.n Carrol] County in 1849. 
He had frequently represented Baltimore County in 
the Legislature before the creation of Carroll County 
in 1837. 

Col. Peter Little was born in 1776, and died Feb. 
5, 1830. He- was of a family that settled in the dis- 
trict before 1765. lie was at one time a member of 
Congress from the Baltimore district, and an active 
and zealous officer in the militia. He served with 
honor in the war of 1812. 

Porter's is a small village on the Liberty road, six 
miles from Sykesville, and near Piney Bun, and de- 
rives its name from an old family which settled in the 
vicinity many years ago. Branehburg's Methodist 
Protestant church is near the hamlet. Mrs. M. E. 
Trenwilh is postmistress, and keeps the only store in 
the place. 

Hood's Mills is on the Baltimore and Ohio Bail- 

road, thirty-four miles from Baltimore, and fifteen from 
Westminster. It, was named after the Hood family, as 
one of them, James Hood, and John Grimes eic-eted the 
famous mills in 1845. Winfield S. Bobb is postmas- 
ter, railroad and express agent, and keeps the only 
store. Watson Methodist Episcopal chapel is near 
here. Gen. J. M. Hood, the estimable president of 
the Western Maryland Railroad, was born and raised 
here, and Charles W. Hood, a successful land surveyor 
in his early life, died in the vicinity, Jan. 19, 1S77, 
aged sixty years. 

Morgan is on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, 
thirty-four miles from Baltimore, and near the Pa- 
tapsco River. John A. Dushane, of Baltimore, has 
an extensive paper-mill here, giving employment to a 
number of persons, and manufacturing all grades of 
paper. George F. Jones is the superintendent of the 
paper-mill, postmaster, and railroad agent. 

Woodbine. — This station is on the Baltimore and 
Ohio Railroad, thirty-seven miles from Baltimore, and 
near the Patapsco River. Morgan chapel (Methodist 
Episcopal) is near the village. A. Owings is post- 
master and railroad agent. E. A. Owings and Mrs. 
H. A. Ways are the store-keepers. J. A. Albaugh 
keeps the hotel, and J. M. Baker has charge of the 
mill. The Warfield family in America is of Welsh 
descent. The first representative was Richard War- 
field, an emigrant from Wales, who came to this coun- 
try in 1637 and settled nine miles from Annapolis, at 
a place now called "Black Horse Tavern." A de- 
scendant of this emigrant was Charles A. Warfield, 
of Howard County, whose son, Charles A., married 
Julianna Owings and resided near Lisbon, in that 
county. Of their six children, — five sons and one 
daughter, — the next to the youngest was Charles A., 
born Oct. 16, 1836, in Howard County, near Sykes- 
ville. He was raised on his father's farm, a mile and 
a half from the Carroll County line, and was early 
inured to labur by tilling the soil and taking care ot' 
the stock on the farm. He received a good education 
in the English branches at the public schools of the 
neighborhood. In December, 1862, he removed t" 
Freedom District, and purchased one hundred and 
sixty-two acres of land of George Wethered. This 
is the splendid farm he now owns, and to which the 
previous owner, Mr. Wethered, a soldier in the MeX 
iean war, gave the romantic name of " Chihuahua, a 
name it still retains. Mr. Warfield was married, Nov. 
16, 1864, to Caroline A. Devries, daughter of Chris- 
tian and Jemima Devries. near Marriottsville. Their 
son, Wade Hampton Devries Warfield, was born Oct. 
7,1865. Mr. Warfield's farm is three-fourths of a 
mile north of Sykesville, in a fertile country, sur- 


rounded by picturesque scenery. His mansion is an 
elegant three-story frame building, delightfully located 
,-..] an eminence, with pleasant surroundings of lofty 
dees aud beautiful shrubbery. In the heated term 
during the summer mouths he entertains summer 
boarders from the cities, who find his jilace a delight- 
ful resort. lie is specially engaged iu dairying, aud 
sends a daily average of forty- five gallons of inilk to 
'■Olive Dairy," Pennsylvania Avenue, Baltimore. 
He was one of the first iu this section to embark in 
this business, and his dairy is the largest in this 
region, save that on the Frank Brown estate. His 
family and himself are attendants on the Springfield 
Presbyterian Church. He is a Democrat, in polities, 
but has never held or sought office. His farm is in an 
excellent state of cultivation, and its buildings, fences, 
and general improvements indicate the best qualities 
of a thorough aud successful farmer, while the tidi- 
ness and order of the house betoken rare domestic 
graces in bis estimable wife. 

Below is given the vote for local officers in the dis- 
trict from 1S5I to 1861, inclusive: 

1851.— Vote for Primary School Commissioner: John Warden 
182, L. Gardner 91, John W. Wadlow HO. 

1S53.— For Justices: Jesse Holiingswoith 201, Alex. Gillis 
2d0, William Tensfield 216; Constables: L. II. Boring 
200, Aaron Gosncl] 199; Rood Supervisor, Reuben Cono- 

1S55. — For Justices: R. Conoway 310, ft. D. Norris 312, 
X. H. Jenkins 312; Constables: TV. C. Lindsay J 1 0, 
J. H. Conoway 310; Road Supervisor, J. Hollingsworth 

!s07.— For Justices: J. Morgan 73, J. Doraey 13, 11. Cono- 
way 289, W. O. Shipley 203, N. D. Norris 303: Con- 
stables: P. "Welsh 12, A. Gosnell 303, W. C. Lindsay 
294; Road Supervisor: A. Kvans 12, Joshua Lee 207. 

1S59. — For Justices: C. W. Hood 75, James Morgan 61, N. 
D. Norris 285, Larliin Shipley 202, W. G. Shiple; 251 ; 
Constables: J. H. Hood 121, W. C. Lindsay 255, Aaron 
Gosnell243; Road Supervisor : W. II. Harden lfiO, Brioe 
Shipley 210. 

1S61.— For Justices: Eli Hewitt, Sr., 307, John T. Ways 300. 
William Tensfield 378, E. Thompson 07, James Morgan 
98, Abel Sorivnor 07; Constables: Aaron Gosnell 307, 
W.C.Lindsay 389; Road Supervisor: Wesley Day 373, 
O. Buckingham 112. 

The public school trustees for 1881 and 1882 were : 

1. Oakland.— Joseph Gist, John Melvin, William Baesman. 

2. Stony Ridge.— John O. Devries, John Pearce, Austin Ar- 

3. Mech'aniosville. — Xo trustees. 

4. Sykesville.— Lewis H. Shultz, S. T. Duvall, Charlc., II. 


• C. MoKinney. 

r -. Brandenburg's. — J. M. Doraey, Henry 

*y, Briee Shipley, Cornelius | 



'■ Pleasant Gap.— James H. Shipley 

taker, Zachariah Wolfe, 
Cool,, Joseph 

S. Farver's.— Thomas L. W. Condcn, Joseph Wilson, David 

9. Jenkins.— No appointments. 

10. Woodbine.— George E. Buckingham, Elish.% Young, li. 
H. Harrison. 

11. Freedom.— Joseph W. lionet, J. Deckabangb, Thomas 

1. White Hock (African). — Isaac Dorsey, Wesley Costly, 
Aaron Austin (all colored). 

The teachers for the, term ending April 15, 1881, 
were : 

1, Cclic E. Gorsucb. 41 pupils; 2, Lizzie A. Ileum! t, 30 pupils: 
3, C. L. Hoghes, 22 pupils: 4, Isabel N. Hale, 01 pupils: 
5, S. Spalding, 20 pupils; G, Sue M. Matthews. 41 pupils: 
7, Libbio Shipley, 27 pupils; 8, L. A. Koontz, 50 pupils; 
10, M. L. Hoffman, 40 pupils: 11, Minta Shipley, 33 pu- 
pils; 1 (colored school), Emma Y. Randolph, 70 pupils. 

Manchester District, the Sixth District of Carroll 
County, is bounded on the north by Pennsylvania, on 
the east by Baltimore County and Hampstead Dis- 
trict, on the south by the districts of Hampstead aud 
Westminster, and on the west by Westminster and 
Myers Districts. The principal stream in the district 
is the Gunpowder Falls Creek, which passes through 
the northeastern portion and flows into Baltimore 
County, and which has several small tributaries. Big 
Grave Run has its source in the centre, and flows 
southeast into Baltimore County, and the headwaters 
of Big Pipe Creek and the North Branch of the Pa- 
tapsco take their rise in the district. The population 
of Manchester District was in 1 S80 three thousand 
five hundred and one. The metes and bounds of 
Manchester District, as laid out by the commission of 
18S7, are as follows : 

"Beginning at the forks of the county road leading from 
Westminster to the town of Hampstead and George Richards' 
mill; thence to the falls of Aspin Run and Long Glade Branch; 
thence up said branch to the spring near the house of Joseph 
Bowser, deceased; thence to the spring near the house of Johu 
Orendorff; thence to tho forks of the most northern branch 
of Patapsco Falls and Bosley'-s Spring Branch, where they 
unite in Wui. Albaugh's meadow; thence through the farms of 
John Reed and Joshua Foley, Sr., leaving said Reed aud 
Bosley in District Xo. 0; thence to Michael Baker's tavern on 
the Hanover and Baltimore turnpike road, leaving said Baker 
in District No. ; thence across said turnpike east of Shriver's 
tan-yard ; thence through the lands of Daniel Caltuder, leaving 
said Caltuder in District Xo. ; thence through the lands of 
(Gist's ; thence through the land of ) George Caltuder, deceased, 
and Johu Wareham, leaving said Caltuder and Wareham in Dis- 
trict No. 8; thence to Michael Miller's well on the middle road; 
thence to Joshua Stansbury's spring, near the house on the Falls 
road; thence through the lands of Hair, leaving f aid Hair in 
District .No. S; thence to Henry Zimmerman's county road, 
where said road crosses Carroll and Baltimore county line, at a 
bhi/oil hi.tor y-ti ce : thence on said county line to the Pennsyl- 
vania line; thence with said line to Kim-hart's county road; 


Ohio lira 

ich ; t 



aid 1. 

Trump's , 


road ; 



Bis P'] ,c 



c Lawe 

\- Br 

Crcok, leu 

ving t 

id 11 

xler in 


where it crosses i and contains a population of about 

Bixler's farm to ! L„v,;,,„,, r ■-Ill, ., „„, ,-,!.,... „f »1, ,,,-..), r 

nine hundred 

gh Peter Bixier's farm to j habitants, with a number of churches, a Masonic Hal], 

inch unites with Big Pipe I „..„...„„ 

6 ; thence up said 

an Odd-Fellows' Hall, an academy, and a number of 
ghman's county road; thence with said r'oad to I stores and manufactories. The people, as a rule, are 
the mouth of a bne between Roycr and German; thence through \ educated and enterprising. A uuiubcr of railroads 
the farm of Abraham Shaffer, leaving said Shaffer in liistrict 
No. 7; thence to the forks of Manchester and Hampstead roadj 
thence to the place of beginning." 

have been projected, which if completed will make 
the town a centre for business second to uoue in 
Maryland outside of Baltimore. Of late years an 

Manchester was made the place of holding the j aesthetic taste has been manifested by the inhabitants, 
polls. which has given rise to associations for the culture of 

Among (he earliest surveys were " Rattlesnake ! literature and music, and the town now possesses all 
Ridge," of 50 acres, surveyed July 18, 1738, for i the elements for enlightened existence in the country 
Edward Richards, and patented in 1739; " Three i remote from the temptations and embarrassments of a 
Brothers," of 300 acres, surveyed Aug. 2, 1746; , large city. 

"Easenburg," Aug. 26, 1761; "Shilling's Lot," of 40 j From 1760 to 1790 a few bouses stood where the 
acres, Oct. 3, 1751 ; " Heidelburgh," Aug. 10, 1752, site of the present thriving village is situated. In 
and resurveyed Feb. 22, 1762, for Elias Harange; ' 1790, Capt. Richard Richard-;, an Englishman, living 
"Frankford," surveyed Jan. 27, 1761, fur Conrad I iu the Hampstead settlement, laid out the town and 
Barst; " Motter's Choice" resurveyed December, j called it " Manchester," after that city in England, 
1751, for 102 acres; "Potter's Lot," of 40 acres, for j from which he had emigrated many years before. It 
John Prlack, Oct. 30, 1760; "Richard's Chance," ] was part of a survey of fifty acres, called " New Mar- 
of'50 acix-s, Jan. 1, 1749, for Richard Richards; j ket," patented to him in 1754, but which was surveyed 
"Pomerauia," near Whistler's Mill, now Bixler's, | for him March 5, 17G5, and thirty-three of which he 
for 50 acres, to William Winchester, Jan. 8,1755; laid out in lots. These lots were sold subject to an an- 
" Johnsburg," of 130 acres, resurveyed for John nual ground-rent, and to this day on one and one-fourth 
Shrempling, May 20, 1701 ; " Mount. Hendrick," of acres of land George Everhart pays a yearly rent of 
4S acres, to James Hendrick, March 3, 1708 ; " Mc- five dollars to Judge John E. Smith, of Westminster, 
Gill's Choice," of 50 acres, to Andrew McGill, June i the representative of or successor to the Richard 
12, 1744; "Winchester's Lot," Oct. 23, 1751; rights. The ground-rents on all the other lots have 
" Everything Needful," to Richard Richards, May 16, expired. " The German Church Lands," of twenty- 
1763, and for 1646 acres ; sauie afterwards resurveyed, five acres, adjoining the above and a part of the town, 
Nov. 1-S, 1786, as " Everything Needful Corrected," were surveyed Dec. 20, 1758, to Jacob Shilling, 
to Samuel O wings, in three parts, one of 1573 acres Philip Edlem an, Jacob Utz, and Michael Burns, as 
and one of 58J, Ulrieh Freeland getting the latter; trustees. The church at the present time receives 
" Warms ;" " Bridgeland," Feb. 28, 1 751 ; " Cali- j from its ground-rents on these lauds or lots an annual 
fornia," of 490 acres, March 20, 1765 ; and " Dey's sum of more than one hundred and fifty dollars. The 
Chance," June 10, 1755. j town is designated on the old maps as " on the original 

The earliest actual settlers were Germans, mostly ! road leading to Baltimore and near Dug Hill." The 
from Pennsylvania, and some from the Fatherland. ; oldest man in the town is George Everhart, aged 
Among these may be mentioned the Showers, Ritters, | eighty-two, who came here from the country in 1820, 
Jacob Shilling, Philip Edlcinan, Jacob Utz, Michael ; and was nearly half a century in the mercantile busi- 
Burn, Kerliugers, Faess, GethicrSj Motters, Wer- . ness. The oldest, house in the village is an old log 
heims, Weavers, Steffers, Everharts, Bowers, Warners, i building now owned by Edward Oursler. It was 
Bachmans, Ebaughs. Paul Everhart, an emigrant j formerly kept as a tavern by Christian Heibly. On 
from Germany, settled first at Germantown, Pa., and ! the lot now owned by Mr. Briukman, the jeweler, a 
in 1701 removed to this district. His son George, ! tavern once stood before any other house had been 
then seven years old, died in 1851. Pan! settled built in the town. The first physician was Dr. Uru- 
where are now the iron-ore works. His great-grand- baugh, who was followed by Dr. Turner and Dr. 
son, George Everhart, boru iu 1 BOO, is still living. Jacob Shower. The last began practice in 1825. 

Manchester, the commercial centre of the district, Among the first schoolmasters was a Mr. Keller, who 
is the second town in size and importance in Carroll taught part of his pupils in the German, aud the 
County, containing in 1880 six bundled and forty in- others in the English language. About the first store- 
habitants. It is situated on the Hanover turnpike, J keener was George Motter, and in 1820, George 



I ri rhart bouglit out Mark Spencer (au Eastern man 
.•-,:•) the State of New York), and continued in busi- 
t ., >•. until 1877. George. Linawcaver was the earliest 
blacksmith. George Gettier, born here in 1791, was 
,]diei i" the war of 1S12, and died in Cincinnati, 
i fhio. 

X lie town was -incorporated in 1S33, and a supple- 
mentary act of 1S3G revived the incorporation, con- 
fining the limits of the town to the lots on the sev- 
, ,1 tracts of land known as " New Market" and 
German Town." The corporation was reorganized 
b\ an act of 1870, before which the records are mis- 
bid or lost. Since that time the officers have been : 

|«.71.l— Mayor, E. A. Gnntcr; C'cur.cilnicii, George EverJiart, 

Adam .Shower, John Weaver, James Kelly, Henry Reagle; 

Secretary, L. C. Myerly; Treasurer, John Weaver; Bailiff, 

.hunt? Green hultz. 
1-72.— Mayor, John C. Danuer; Counoilmen, Win. Walter, 

Geo. Everhart, John Weaver, James Kelly, Henry Reagle. 
i :.-.— Mayor, John Cm'.; Counoilmen, James Kelly, Henry 

Reagle, Simon J. Grainiuer, Henry E. Mascnhoimer, D. 

I '!.- Mayor, John Carl; Councilmen, John Eultz, W. L. 

Tracy, S. J. Grammer, H. Masouheimor, D. Hoffaeker. 
1*75.— Mayor, John Carl;, Henry lteagle, U.K. 

Mascnheinier, D. Siraltz, Edward Ourslor, S. J. Grammer. 
i -To.— .Mayor, Jacob Campbell ; Counoilmen, Emanuel Shaffer 


L -,,!.- 


Li]ipy; Secretary, Ferdinand A. Dieffenbaoh. 

".7. — Mayor, Jaco'o '. 'aini/'M-ll ; Councilmen, John J. Lyncrd, 
Henry Reagle, Luthci Trainp, John Bentz, Edward Ours- 
hr; Secretary, G. W. J. Everhart. 

?78.— Mayor, H. W. Thomas, who resigned, and George M. 
Sticn look hi? plaev*; Counoilmen, Cornelius Miller, E. A. 
Gamer, E. Shaffer, Geo. M. Stein, Dr. J. P. B. Weaver; 
Secretary, G. W.J. Everhart. 

579.— Mayor, John H.Lamott; Councilmen, E. A. Ganter, N. 
W. Sellers, P. Gober, Emanuel Shaffer, Cornelius Miller; 
Secretary, G. W. J. Everhart. 

"". — Mayor,. John H. Lainott; Councilmen, Edward A. 
Ganter, N. W. Sellers, P. (i. Ober, Emanuel Shaffer, Cor- 
nelius Miller. 

■M.— Mayor, Henry H. Keller; Counoilmen, E. A. Ganter, 
E. Shaffer, Olive; Lippy, John J. Lynerd, Edward J. Sel- 
lers; Secretary, G. W. J. Everhart; Treasurer, E. A. 
Uanter; Bailiff, Wm. J. Eiscnbrown. 

In 1S78 the first crossings were laid to the streets ; 
; ' 1379 the town was supplied with street-lamps, and 
' 1881 the streets were all graded. 

^ion Church, with two exceptions, was the oldest 
"'^legation in Baltimore County (in which Man- 
''1 was located until 1836). It was organized 
■' 12, 1760, by a union of the Lutheran and Ger- 
" Reformed congregations, liming that year was 
ted the first meeting-house, a log structure, which 
i until 1798, when a brick edifice was built. It 

was repaired in 183G, and a steeple built from the 
ground up in November of that year. During 
these repairs Rev. Jacob Albert was chief manager, 
j aud Philip Grove and Charles Miller, assistants. 
Jacob Ilouek was the contractor for making the re- 
pairs, John Matthias was the contractor for building 
the steeple, Michael Gettier did the masonry, John 
M. Miller was the gilder and painter, and Jarret Gar- 
ner furnished the materials ; Jacob Weyant, Peter 
Shultz, Joshua P. Copp, Jesse Shultz, II. and W. 
Brink-man, Jacob Garrett, and Philip Crumrine were 
the under-workmen ; Rev. Jacob Albert (Lutheran) 
and Rev. Jacob Geiger (German Reformed) were the 
pastors. In June, 1SG2, this church was taken down, 
and each of the two congregations creeled a separate 
church building, that of the Lutherans being on part 
of the old church tract. Tbe first church (log) of 
1760 and the second (brick) of 1790 stood in the 
graveyard lot. This church was popularly known as 
the " Union Church," from the fact that two congre- 
gations worshiped peacefully therein. The Lutheran 
pastors who preached in it were: 

17C0-S3, Rev. Newhurg ; 17S3-90, Johan Daniel Schroeder; 
1701-90, Rev. Meltzhciiner (the elder); 1,97-1825, John 
Herbst; 1826 (six months), Emanuel Keller; 1827-37, 
Jacob Albert; 1837-3S, Jeremiah Harpel; 1S3S 12, Philip 
Williard; 18-13-41, Frank Ruthrauff; 1844-48, Elias 
Swart?.; 1848-53, Jacob Kaempfer; 1853-62, Daniel J. 
Hauer, D.D. 

The German Reformed pastors to 1S62 were : from 
1823 to 1848, Rev. Jacob Geiger, C P. Colliflower, 
and Henry Wissler. The names of subsequent pas- 
tors are not accessible. 

Emanuel Lutheran Church, after the old " Zion 
Church" was torn down in 1862, erected in that and 
the following year its present edifice. Its pastors 
have been : 


1862-C5, Peter River; 1806-09, R. Weiser 
1881 (April 1), E. Manges. 

-81, G.Sill; 

D. H. 

The superintendent of Sunday-school 

After the taking down of the "Zion church" in 
18G2, the Trinity Reformed Church congregation 
erected its present building, which was completed in 
18G3. The German Reformed pastors of Zion and 
Trinity Churches from 1760 to 1881, as far as ascer- 
tainable, were : 1823 to 1848, Jacob Geiger, C. F. 
Colliflower, Henry Wisler, J. W. Hoffraeirer, P. W. 
Kelley, and William Rupp, the latter the present 
pastor, who came July 2, 1877. The superintendent 
of the Sunday-school is J. P. Baltozer; elders, J. P. 
Baltozer, George Bixlcr ; deacons, Emanuel Shaffer, 
Charles Brillhart. 


The corner-stone of tlio Methodist Episcopal church 
edilicc was laid in 1831), before which there was a 
mission here with occasional preaching. At the erec- 
tion of the building Rev. E. G. Ege was the pastor, 
and the present incumbent is D. Benton Winstead. 

The erectiou of the Manchester Bethel church 
(United Brethren in Christ) was begun in 1870, and 
was completed iu the same year. The building is a 
handsome brick structure. It was dedicated on Suu- 
day, Jan. 1, 1871. At its dedication Bishop J. 
Weaver, of Baltimore, was present, and preached 
morning and nijjht. to a large congregation. Rev. 
Join: Shaeffer, of Baltimore, preached in the afternoon 
in the German language. The spire is forty feet 
above the roof, and presents a fine appearance. The 
first pastor, under whose auspices the building was 
erected, was Rev. Mr. Hutchinson ; the next one, Rev. 
J. 13. Jones; and the present incumbent, Rev. Mr. 
Quigly, who took charge in 1881. In the rear of the 
church is a neat graveyard, in which are buried 

Mary M. Baring, burr, July 25, 1752, died .Inn. 20, 1S30; and 
her husband, Kzekiel. who .lied March Ha, 183S, aged P7. 

Rev. L'/.l.iel Baring, bom Jan. IP, 17S0, died Feb. 14, 1861. 

John I:, ring, died Ike. 17, 1869, aged So. 

Vilkf Baring, wife of Jacob Swartsibangh, born Jan. 17, 
1790, died March 2, 1557. 

Margaret A. StiiUz, bora April 1, 17S0, died April 23, 1861. 

Elisabeth, wife of John Young, died Nov. IS, 1S73, aged 76. 

Catherine Lynerd, died Nov. 5, 1S73, aged 73. 

Martha Burkett, died July 17, 1S0G, aged S3. 

Levi Buecher, dii 1 Oct. II, 1S66, aged 52; and his wife, Eve, 
Nov. 22. 1805, aged 53. 

This church organization bad a log church prior to 
1870, on the same lot where the brick building now 
stands. Its trustees in 1857 were Samuel Dehoff, 
Joseph 11. Little, Jacob W. Baring, Amos Williams, 
and Henry W. Steffy. 

St. Bartholomew's Catholic church was built by 
the Redemptorist Fathers of Baltimore, who had 
charge of it until 187b, when it was placed under 
the pastorate of Father John Gloyd, pastor of St. 
John's Church, Westminster. It was erected under 
the supervision of Mr. Frederick, an eminent archi- 
tect and builder of Baltimore. 

The Manchester United Academy was incor- 
porated March 3, 1829. The first trustees were Rev. 
Joseph Geiger, Rev. Jacob Albert, Dr. Jacob Shower, 
Solomon Myerly, George Motter, John Weaver, 
George Everhart, Peter Sable, Martin Kroh, George 
Shower, and Frederick Bitter. The building was 
erected in 1831, and its first teacher was Hon. Joseph 
M. Parke. 

I; ving College was incorporated by the Legislature 
Feb. ), 1858, with the following trustees: Ferdinand 

Dieficuhach, John H. Falconer, John W. Horn, and 
Henry B. Rnenier. Mr. Dieffenbach was a refugee 
of the Revolution of 1848, and a fine scholar am] 
educator. This institution opened with, two pupils, 
and soon became flourishing and noted. Its able 
head died in March, 1861, when it was for some time 
carried on under the auspices of his widow. Subse- 
quently Lewis C. Myerly was at its head, and in 1880 
Prof. D. Deulinger took charge, under whose man- 
agement it yet remains. He changed its name to 
Irving Institute, and has made it a boarding-school 
for students of both sexes. Its aims are to prepare 
students for business, for teaching advanced classes 
in college, or the study of a profession. The course 
of study embraces Latin, Greek, French. German, 
mathematics, the sciences, music, painting, and (haw- 
ing. Since the abandonment of the old " academy" 
this institution receives all the advanced scholars of 
the town and neighborhood. 

The Thespian Society was incorporated in 1835, 
and the Manchester Band in 1S3G. The latter was 
reorganized in 1855. Its first leader for a few months 
was Dr. Charles Geiger, and since then if has been 
under the direction of Edward A. Ganter. The fol- 
lowing are its present members: Edward A. Ganter 
(leader), C. J. 11. Ganter, C. Frankforter, D. Frank- 
fortcr, Jesse Leese, Nelson Warhcim, Jeremiah Ting- 
ling, John Stump, Ephraim Freyman, Aaron Huff- 
man, J. D. Lotz, N. W. Sellers, Jacob Hoffman, 
William Hoffman, R. L. Simpers, S. F. Frankforter. 
The first Sunday-school was organized in 1828. 
The first newspaper was issued Nov. 14, 1870, by 
\V. R. Watson as editor, and J. A. Bartley, assistant. 
It was called the Manchester Gazette, an independent 
journal, and was published up to March, 1872, when 
it was sold to Messrs. Smith et Sites, who removed the 
paper and presses to Glen Rock, Pa , where they es- 
tablished a new journal. The next paper was tin 
Manchester Enterprise, established in November, 
1880. It is a sprightly four-page sheet of twenty- 
eight columns, devoted to general and local news, ''in- 
dependent in all things, neutral in nothing." Jose]-: 
S. Cartman, late of Carlisle, Pa., is its editor, a jou; 
nalist of ability and experience. 

The Lutheran and Reformed cemetery was set apart 
for burial purposes in 1700, and interments began ' 
be made in that year. Among the persons buried there 
arc the following : 

Frederick Kilter, died Feb. 9, 1864, aged 70. 
George Motter, born Nov. 27, 1751. died Oet. 1, 1800. 
Erwar Conrad Kei linger, bora 1731, died October, 17'J'. 

j Henry N. Brinkman, died Oct. 22, 1867, aged 70. 

! Join, Ki .linger, died Nov. 27, 1823, aged 51. 

1 Elizabeth Kopp, died March IS, 1861, aged 75. 




died Sept. 11, 1837. 


-gel SO. 

, 1S2 

J. died 1S26. 



died March 23, 1819, 

Anthony Hincs, died Nov. 
l! nni s Motter, hot n Apri 
i,,.,;, Motter, died 1(98. 

j ,hn Pctci Getticr, died Dec. 2, 1837, aged 80; and Elizabeth, 
I wife, Aug. 22, 17iU ; and his second, Mary K., Oct. 14, 

. ..,..,■ Kerlinger, born Nov. IS, 1795, .lied Oct. 6, 1757. 

Catharine Motter, born 1782, died 1790. 

Daniel Bowman, born Feb. 27, 17S3, died May 21, IS54. 

■ iisnncs SwarUbaugh, .lied Feb. 7, 1S25, aged SO. 

Heinrich Werheiw, born 175S, died 1S28. 

| liwbetl) Kantz, died Oct. 28, 1854, aged SO. 

J.xcph Kopp, died Jan. 26, 1S52, aged 75; was in all the 
«, ,p„lconie wars. 

J..bu Rittcr, died March 17, 1S31, aged 73. 

John Purl;, St., died July 19, 1854, aged 82. 

Henry Glasc, died Feb. 24, 1879. 

lieorge Warner, Lorn Jan. 17, 1791, died Aug. 24, 1874. 

George Yingling, died May 1J, 1S79, aged So. 

Michael Ritter, died Oct. 1, 1878, aged 81. 

Henry Belt*, born Juno 27, 17S3, died March 19, 1S5S. 

J nannes Scliaurer (now Shower), born 1730, dicdlSlO; mar- 
l . i in 1704, Anna Maria Eine, who was born in 1740, and 
: .. i Aug. 10, 1833'. 

John Adam Shower, died Aug. 27, 1S33, aged 50 ; and his wife, 
. E., Feb. 13, 1854, aged 81. 

:-. Weaver, born Jan. 27, 1770. died Jan. 15, 1852; and 
irife, Mary Magdalene, March 23, 1S50, aged 00. 

Klizabctb Uu, horn 1742, married 1706, to Peter Uts, and 

: 1797. 

fe of Peter Ft-/, died Jan. 3, 1S20, aged 

!' ier Ft/, born 1710, died 1S20. 

M trtin Kroh, died May 23, lsf,0, aged S3. 

K iiabcth, wife of John Sellers, born Feb. 5, 1768, died Sept. 
■ 0, 

firorgo Ut/, born Oct. 7, 1774, died 1S42. 

Henry Lamott, died Feb. 15, 1845, aged 75. 

I'aniel Hoover, born Sept. 9, 1702, died Aug. 10, 1S04. 

I uisa, wife of Jacob Bear, born Aug. 30, 1761, died March 

I ■ ,6. 

Jacob Sherman, born Jan. 19, 1779, died April 8, 1861. 

Michael Miller, died Jan. 10. 1845, aged SO. 

'"'■„■[: Lineweaver, died April 12, 1S41, aged 75. 

M icbael Steffee, burn Doc. 10, 1700, died May IS, 1S50; and 
: • »ife, Christina, born April S, 1700, died June 10, 1S54. y 

'•eorgc Everhart, died July 4, 1857, aged S6 ; and his wife, 
1 ubetb, March 7, 1SGS, aged 90. 

Kev. Jacob Gciger (31 years and 6 months pastor), died Oct. 
: ■'■ 1*48, aged 55 years and 2 days; and his first wife, daughter 
■' -lieob and Mary Seltzer, bora June 1, 1801, died March 12, 

' '" : Union Fire Company was incorporated by act 

' : ' •- General Assembly, March 2G, 1839. The in- 

■' iraiors weir Solomon Myerly, Jacob Sellers, Lewis 

'i' . George Messamore, David Lippy, Elias Buck- 

■ ■'»■: Jacob Houck, George B. Weaver, George 

niart, George Trump, William Grumrine, Jacob 

weaver, Henry Kraut-/, Henry Brinkman, John 

' '■-. Jesse Shultz, Andrew Pleifer, Ezekiel Baring, 

James Davis, Jacob Frankforter, David Pvankforter, 

: Joseph Gouter, George Baker, Joseph Gardner, Jacob 
Wentz, Frederick Hamburg, Jacob Kerlinger, Jacob 
Miller, diaries Miller, S. B. Fuhrman, George Mat- 
ter, David Ilouck, Amos Gauinan, Jacob Campbell, 
Adam Shower, J. F. Kopp, John Kulm, Michael 
Gettier, George Lineweaver, Levi Maxfield, Michael 

! Matter, Garret Garner, Richard Jones, James Stans- 
bury, Henry E. Bcltz, Joseph M. Parke, Philip 
Crumrine, Frederick Smith, John N, Steffy, Levi 

j Mansfield, Henry Lippy, John Krantz, John Ever- 

' hart, David Whiteleather. 

j The Carroll Literary Society was organized Feb. 12, 

| 1881, with J. P. Baltover, president; Dr. J. W. 
Bechtel, vice-president ; Joseph S. Carnman, secre- 
tary; P. G. Ober, treasurer. The object of the 
association is general improvement and the develop- 
ment of a taste for belles-lettres. 

I The school-house for the pupils of the public schools 
is a fine brick building, seventy -five by forty-five feet, 
erected in 1S78. 

The dispensation of the Knights of Pythias, Man- 

1 Chester Lodge, No. 78, was dated Sept. 14, 1872, and 

\ (lie lodge was instituted on the 17ih of that month. 

| The first officers were: 

I C. C, J. \V. Dehoff; Piel., Aaron Miller; V. C, J. S. Kerlin- 
ger ; M. of E., Cornelius Miller ; M. of F., E. A. (lamer. 

The charter was dated January, 1873, and the 
I charter members were John W. Dehoff, Aaron Mil- 
ler, J. S. Kerlinger, E. A. Ganter, H. Falkenstine, 
Jr., C. J. H. Ganter, James Cross, M.D., G. W. J. 
Everhart, Daniel Dubbs, C. Miller, George Pfeiffer, 
Luther Trump. The oflicers for the second term, 
1881, were: 

P. C, Emanuel Sherrieh ; C. C, John W. Finn- Vice C, 
Charles F. Bergman; Prel., D. M. Ilrillhart ; M. of E., 
.Taeob Wink; M. of F., Cornelius Miller; K. of R. and S., 
J. P. Baltover; M. at A., Aaron Hoffman ; I. G., D. F. 
Boose; 0. G., J. C. Hoffman ; Rep. to Grand Lodge, J. E. 
Mensenheimer; Dist. l)cp., R. Lee Simpers; Trustees, 
Christian Buchanan, A. Appold, Charles Ilrillhart. 

Number of members, 40. 

Lebanon Lodge, A. F. and A. M., No. 175, was in- 
stituted Oct. 9, 1850, as No. 104, and its first, officers 

W. M., William L. Kace; S. W., Ferdinand Dieffenbaeh ; J.W., 
John H. Lamott; See., Dr. Jacob Shower; Xreas., George 
Shower; S. J., Amos L. Wolfang; Tyler, John Bentz. 

It lost its charter, but on May 14, 1870, it was re- 
chartered as No. 175. Its officers then were Dr. Theo- 
, dore A. Shower, W. M. ; E. G. Sellers, S. W. ; John 
I M. Bush, J. W. Its officers for 1881 were : 


W. M., Lewis C. Mycrly ; S. W., Win. C. Murray; J. W., E. 
T. Sellers; Sec. Adam Shower; Treas., Samuel Miller; 
S. D., John Fultz; J. D., Jacob Fink; Tyler, John II. 

Number of members, 25. 

The present secretary, Adam Shower, was initiated 
in 1859, and became secretary in 1861. 

Daniel and Jacob Lodge, I. 0. 0. F., No. 23. A 
petition was sent to the Maryland Grand Lodge of 
I. 0. 0. F. in 1834 for a lodge to be located here, the 
two first petitioners on the list being Daniel Hoover 
and Jacob Shower. The petitioners designating no 
name, for the proposed lodge, the Grand Lodge named 
Daniel and Jacob, in honor of Daniel Hoover and 
Jacob Shower. The charter was dated Oct. 17, 1 834, 
and signed by James L. Ridgely, G. M., and Robert 
Neilsou, G. S. Its first officers were: N. G., Dr. Ja- 
cob Shower; V. G., Daniel Hoover; See. and Treas., 
Jacob Kerlinger. 

At the first meeting the following were the initi- 
ates : Samuel Lamott, Wm, Crumrine, Henry Brink- 
man, John Lamott. The second set of officers were : 
N. G., Daniel Hoover; V. G., William Crumrine; 
Sec. and Treas., Jacob Kerlinger. The officers for 
1881 were: 

S. 1'. G.. John Fultz; N. G., Henry Iioose ; V. G., Nimrod 
Armstrong; Itec. Sec, G. W. J. Everbart . ; Per. Pec., E. 
A. Ganter; Treas., Edward Oursler; Marshal, Wm. A. 
Wolf; E. S. N. G., N. W. Sellers; L. S. X. G., Henry 
Reagle; II. S. V. G., John Wink; L. S. V. G., George L. 
Bchzer; I. G., Jolm Eminel; 0. G., A. Pfcifier. 

The lodge owns a fine hall, and has 74 members. 
Its accumulated funds are SI 500. The district deputy 
is William A. Wolf. 

The charter of Carroll Encampment, No. 17, 
I. 0. 0. F., dated Oct. 2(5, 1SGC, was granted by J. 
L. Baugher, G. P., and John M. Jones, G. S. The 
charter members were Wm. Crumrine, Henry Falk- 
enstiue, Henry Zimmerman, Samuel Wilhelm, C. 
Frankforter, Adam Barns. The first officers were: 
W. C. P., Conrad Frankforter; H. P., Henry E. 
Bellz; J. W., Samuel Wilhelm; Scribe, Henry 

The. following were the initiates at the first, meet- 
ing, Oct. 20, I860 : Theo. J. Kopp, J. Alfred Kopp, 
E. A. Ganter, G. W. J. Everhart, E. II. Croutcb. 
The officers for 18S1 were: 

W. C. P., John C. Denner; H. P., Wm. ,T. Eiscnbrown ; S. W., 
ll. H. Hoffacker ; J. W., Samuel Miller : Reo. See., G. w! 
J. Everhait; Per. Sec., A. X. Ganter: Trer.;.. X. W. Sel- 
lers; Dist. Dep., Samuel Miller. 

Number of members, 39.' 

Bachman's Mills is a small village on the road 
leading to Hanover turnpike, seven miles from West- 

minster, five from Manchester, and at the bead < 
Big Pipe Creek. This v>as formerly Bower's ml', 
erected about 17S0. William and A. 0. Baehn; 
own the mills, and the latter is postmaster. The v. 
lage lies in a beautiful and productive valley, wlii 
was settled early in the eighteenth century. 

Jerusalem Church was organized in 1799 by tl,- 
Lutherau and Reformed congregations, who 1 
jointly used the same building in their worship. I 
first edifice was a log structure, but the present is ; 
substantial brick building, and was erected but 
few years ago. Since 1 825 its pastors have bc-i 
the Lutheran and Reformed preachers living i. 

Lazarus Church is also a union church of ; 
Lutheran and Reformed congregations. It was erect; i 
in 1853. The building committee were V. B. Wenti 
John Kroh,aud George Weaver. The Lutheran eoa 
gregation organized Sept. 5, 1853, and held its firs; 
communion June 4, 1S54. Since 1SG3 the Lutheran 
and Reformed pastors have been the Manchoi! • 
preachers. Its flourishing Sunday-school is undc: 
the charge of Francis Warner as superintendent. 

On Feb. 27,1770, Jonathan Plowman conveyed! 
John Davis (pastor), John Whitaker, and Sarnu 
Lane fifteen acres of land " fur the sole use of 
meeting-house for the worship of God forever," 
1828, the Particular Baptist Gunpowder Church • 
incorporated by the General Assembly, and Thona- 
Layman, John Perigoy, and Benjamin Buckingham 
were designated in the act as its trustees. Of ill ■ 
two died, and one removed from the neighbor!] 
The meeting-house fell into decay, and the eongi- •'• 
tion was broken up. The Particular Baptist Chu: 
of Black Rock, Baltimore County, being the nean. 
church of the same faith and order, appointed .1 
B. Ensar, Joshua- Plowman, and James Blizzard 
trustees, who began erecting thereon a suitable h u- 
of worship. To cure all existing and supposed lej 
disabilities of the trustees, and to ratify their | 
ceedings, the Legislature incorporated this chnr 
again, March 4, 1858, retaining the trustees ab 

St. John's church is used jointly by the Reform • 
and Lutheran congregations, and v. as built in l" 1 
It is a log structure weather-boarded. It is five rai 
from Westminster, which supplies it with pastors. 

The Baltimore and Hanofer Railroad Covnp .-:■ 
was organized under the general railroad act pas.-.. ■ 
the General Assembly of Maryland in 187G. 
southern terminus is at Emory Grove, nineteen m : 
from Baltimore City, on the Western Maryland K' ; 
road. Thence it parses north through Baltimon 



Carroll Counties to Black Rock Station, where it con- i 
r cts with tlie Bach roan Valley Road, the latter form- ' 
inn a connecting link with the Hanover Junction, 
Hanover and Gettysburg Railroad. The Baltimore 
and Hanover road forms a most valuable and impor- ' 
t.rot connection of the Western Maryland company, j 
hv which it is enabled to drain the rich and fertile 
territory of Southern Pennsylvania. The officers of 
llic company are A. W. Eichelberger, president ; Wil- 
liam II. Vickery, vice-president ; L. T. Mclshcimer, 
secretary; R. M. Wirt, treasurer; Directors, Stephen 
Keefer, Hanover, Fa.; William 11. Hoffman, Balti- | 
more County, Md. ; Charles W. Single, William H. 
Vickery, Baltimore; C. C. Wooden, Carroll County, 
Md. ; L. F. Melsheimer, Hanover, Pa. 

Bachman's Valley Railroad runs from the iron-ore 
links and intersects the Hanover Railroad. Its 
present officers are: President, Capt. A. W. Eichel- 
berger; Directors, Stephen Kiefer, II. C. Shriver 
Joseph Dellone, Joseph Althoff, C. L. Johnson, J 
W. Gilt, Levi Dubbs, Perry Wine, Edwin Thomas 
Samuel Thomas, E. W. Heindel, and Adam New- 

Parr Ridge Gold and Silver Mining Company. I 
— Many years ago gold was discovered in various 
places on a ridge extending through Manchester town 
from Cranberry Valley. In 1879, Messrs. Keeport 
and Lafeber, of Littlestown, made a thorough exami- 
nation of the gold region, and found by assays that it 
was in sufficient quantities to pay for digging. In 
the summer of 1881 this company was organized with 
1'aniel Reckley as president, and C. J. II. Ganter as 
secretary. On Aug. 13, 1881, the stockholders at a 
(-died meeting voted to purchase the necessary ma- 
chinery to proceed to work, and the work is being 
pushed to an apparently successful conclusion. The 
largest quantities of gold have been found right in the 
town, or on farms close to the corporation limits. The 
company has leased several farms, and is actively en- 
pged now in searching for the treasure. 

The Dug Hill Mutual Fire Insurance Company has 
occu in operation several years, insuring buildings and 
general farm property against loss by fire. Its presi- 

il is F. H. L. Myers, and secretary, John Strevig. 
main and home office is in Manchester. Its for- 

r secretary was Francis Warner. 

"lie Shower Foundry, a large manufactory, was 

'blished in 1S51 by Jacob Shower, who used to 

ploy some thirty hands in the manufacture of dif- 
111 kinds of machinery, of which the larger part 

■ agricultural implements. It is now operated by 
-"'', William 11. Shower, and employs some fifteen 

""is in its various departments. This foundry- 


cast a cannon which was successfully used on the 
Fourth of July, 1881. 

The following are the district officers serving at this 
date (1881): Justices oi' the Peace, Henry Motter, 
J. P. Boltoser, Samuel Hoffackcr; Constables, George 
P. Burns, Geo. Reagle. 

Ebbvale is a village on the Bachman's Valley 
Railroad, nine miles. from Westminster, and near to 
Big Pipe Creek. C. Wentz is postmaster. Of the 
iron-ore mines located here C. L. Johnson is super- 
intendent, Martin Hugenborn and F. Schenck, engi- 
neers, and F. Tragesser, mine boss. 

Melrose is on the same railroad, and thirty miles 
from Baltimore. C. B. Wentz is postmaster. Dr. J. 
S. Ziegler, physician, C. B. Went/. & Sons, merchants, 
and Levi Hoif, hotel-keeper. 

Springfield Grange, No. 158, is located near Balm's 
Mill, and has seventy members. Officers for 18S1 : 
Master, Francis Warner; Sec., J. D. Sharer; Treas., Joseph 
Miller; Lecturer, John Hinkloj Door-keeper, D. Kesli; 

Steward, J. II. Hoffman; l'o 1:1, Mr.-. J. A. Bahn ; Flora, 

Mrs. Francis Warner; Ceres, Mrs. E. Sharer; Lady Assist- 
ant Steward, Mrs. Lydia Sharer. 

This is the best-conducted grange in the county, and 
is well officered. 

The names of the following persons, residents of 
the district, aged seventy years and upwards in 1879, 
are given as a matter of local interest : 

Josiah Dchoff, 7S ; Mrs. Nancy Dehoff, SS; George Tingling, 
So ; Mrs. Tingling, S2; Mrs. Catherine Ganter, 7S ; Mrs. Mary 
Frankforter, 76; Henry Steffy, 84; George Eec.-c, 70; Mrs. Su- 
sannah Loose, SO; John Sellers, 84; Mrs. Sellers, 71: Mrs. 
Elizabeth Martin, S3; Mrs. Sarah Bixler, S3; Mrs. Mary Get- 
tier, S9; Henry Glaze, 79; David Lippy, 73; Geo. Everheart, 
70: Dr. Jacob Shower, 7C; Mrs. Mary Shower, 71; George 
Shower, 71; Mrs. Rachel Shower, 70; .Airs. Barbara Warner, 
78; Mrs. Elizabeth Shaffer, 85; Mrs. Lydia Black, 76: Mrs. 
Catherine Zepp, 75; Henry Luoabaugh, Sj ; Mrs. Mary Ting- 
ling, So; .Mrs. M. Wolfgang, 77; Ephraim Tracy, 70; 
John Redding, 70; John Everheart, 70; George Train]., 71; 
George Wtnchirae, S9 ; Stephen Reys, 7S ; Christian Kexel, 78; 
Adam Merkel, S3; Mrs. Martha Stansbury, 76 ; John i'.enb., 72; 
Mrs. Mai hi Uentz, 7 J ; Mrs. Mary Stansbury, 70: Sarah Duller 
(colored), SI; Nicholas Warner, SI; John II. Hordlemao, 70 ; 
Benjamin Dippy, 71; Elizabeth Gettier, 73. Females, 22; ag- 
gregate ages, 1741; average, 70. Males, 23; aggregate ages, 
1803; average, 78. 

Mr. John Sellers, one of the soldiers of the war of 
1812, and a member of Capt. Adam Shower's com- 
pany, died at his residence, in Manchester District, on 
Feb. 27, 1S79, aged 84 years, 4 months, and 11 days. 

Dr. Jacob Shower, a prominent citizen of this 
county, and well known in former years throughout 
the State as a Democratic leader, died at his residence 
in Manchester on Sunday, May 25, 1879, aged 
seventy-seven years. He was the son of Col. Adara 
Shower, who represented Baltimore County in the 



House of Delegates for many years during the early 
part of tins century. Dr. Shower entered politics 
when quite young, and served in the House of Dele- 
gates from Baltimore County several years prior to 
the organization of Carroll County in 1837, ami was 
in the Legislature when the hill for its formation was 
passed. He was upon the first ticket nominated in 
this county for the House of Delegates, and was 
elected. He was elected for a second, and declined 
a nomination for the third term. In 1841 he was 
appointed to the position of clerk of the court, made 
vacant by the death of Dr. Willis, and served about 
seven years. In 1851 he was elected a member of 
the Constitutional Convention, but declined the posi- 
tion. Since his term in Congress, from 1854 to 
1856, he had not been in public life, but had ever 
evinced a great interest in State and national politics. 
He was a member of the first Andrew Jackson Club 
in this State, which was formed at the Washington 
Hotel, on Gay Street, Baltimore, in the year 1824, 
and which adopted the die for the figure-head, " Jack- 
son and Liberty." Dr. Shower was possessed of 
a strong mind. His genial disposition and general 
fund of information endeared him to all who knew 
him, and his society was much sought by the politi- 
cians of the State. As a politician he was a link 
between the past and the present. He saw the rise 
of the Democratic party, was a participator in all its 
contests, saw its overthrow, and again witnessed its 
triumph. He left a large circle of relatives and friends 
to mourn his death. His was one of the most familiar 
faces in all the State Democratic conventions from the 
time of his first connection with politics until his 
death. He was arrested by the United States pro- 
vost-marshal in 18C3 upon some trivial charges, and 
imprisoned for some months. 

The following is a list of school trustees and teach- 
ers for this district for 1881 and 1882, with number 
of pupils : 

l and 2. Grammar School and Primary No. 1.— J. II. La Motte, 
D. II. Hoffaeker, John M. Gettier. 

3 and 4. Primary Nos. 2 aud 3.— G. W. Everhart, Jaeob 
Wink, H. K. Grove. 

5. Miller's.— George K. Frank, George P. Miller, John P. 

6. Zimmerman's.— Benjamin Bowser, J. David Shearer, John 

7. Kroh's or Lippy's.— Joseph Price, Francis Warner, C. It. 

8. Tracey's.^Tonas Warner, Will. Zejjp, A. J. P. Rlioads. 

9. Wcntz's.— Peter Gettier, rhaniel Wentz, G. Bixler. 

10. Krideler'e.— Edward KriJeler, Philip Yoatz, Samuel 

11. Baohmou'a Mill.— 1). S. Palmer, Jaeoh Shaeffer, Samuel 

! 12. Roycr*E. — Daniel Reese, Christian Royer, Jeremiah 
1 Mathias. 

13. Union.— J. J. Abbott, II. P. Houck, Nathaniel Leister. 

It. Old Port (Naee's).— Charles Grove, Jaeob Poring, L. 

15. Bosley's,— H. M. Menshcy, D. Burns, I>. Garrett. 

16. Ebbvale.— Oliver Hoover, C. Wentz, Edward Garrett. 

The teachers for the term ending April 15, 1881, 
were : 

P. Baltzer, 11 l.upils; .1, 
Trump, 39 pupils; 5, E. S. 

1, Nellie Ft. Lilley, 10 pup 
Willie Cox, 45 pupils; ■ 
Miller, 55 pupils; 0, Emm:. Wronger, 38 pupils: 7, V. 11. 
Went-., 53 pupils; S. Noah Petcrman, 42 pupils; 9, J. R. 
Strevig, OS pupils; 10, J. F. Pcterrnan, 47 pupil--; 11, G. 
T. Palmer, 42 pupils; 12, Mary 0. Bixler, 47 pupils; 1:;, 
J. A. Abbott, f.j pupils; 1 1. G. W. J. Everhart, ::4 pupils; 
15, Lama M. llu.nee, 27 pupil?; 10, T. R. Slrevig, 33 

The following were the votes cast from 1S51 to 
1861, inclusive, for local officers: 

1S51.— Vote for Primary School Commissioner: George Crousc 
229, Philip II. L. Myers 70, David Baehman 50, John C. 
Price 30. 

1S53.— For Justices: George Everhart 231. Jacob' Kerlingcr 
3S0, John C. Pi ice 324, Wtu. Walter 35S ; Constables : John 
Shultz 455, Anthony Dines 35S ; Road Supervisor: Fred- 
erick Hitler 4SS. 

1855.— For Justices: J. Kerlingcr 415, W. Walter 145, Henry 
Mottcr423, Geo. Bixler 104; Constables : J. A. Mines 435, 
Henry Kranlz 425, Emanuel Trine 6."., John Shultz 113; 
Road Supervisor : Frederick Hitter 437, Samuel Witter 102. 

1857.— For Justices: John C. Price 179, Win. Walter 471, Henry 
Hotter 134, Henry Glaze 401 ; Constables: J. A. Mines 
501, Henry Kranlz 501 ; Road Supervisor, Michael Hitter 

1S59.— For Justice?: Henry Mottcr 170, John C. Price 4S0, 
Win. Walter 190, .Michael Sullivan 134 ; Constables : Henry 
Kranlz 491, Eli Myer.- 474, John Shultz 151 ; Road Super- 
visor: Michael Hitter 491. 

1SG1.— For J. .(ices: Henry Motor 320, John C. Price 318, D. 
T. ShacOVr 311, Henry Glaze 299, Geo. Hartley 309, John 
Fultz3I8; Constables: Henry Kmnlz 330, John Loekard 
2S1, Henry Keagle 30S, Henry Cramer 204; Hood Super- 
visor: D. II. Hoffaeker 329, Henry Fair 307. 

Among the thrifty and industrious German emi- 
grants to Pennsylvania in 1720 was Jacob Warner, 
a young man from the kingdom of Bavaria, who set- 
tled in York County of that State. His son, Mel- 
chior Warner, removed, about 1780, to thai part of 
Baltimore County now forming a part of Manchester 
District, in Carroll County. His son, Jaeob II. Warner, 
was the father of Francis Warner, who was born July 
28, 1S2G, three miles east of Manchester. lie lived 
on a farm until the twenty-first year of his age. He 
was liberally educated at the noted " White Hall 
Academy," near Harrisburg, Pa. He was elected 
magistrate by the voters of his district during the 
late civil war (1863), and was subsequently repeatedly 
appointed to this office, which he held witli complete 



j i, faction to the public for eight successive years. 
[le was twice elected surveyor of Carroll County, and l 
;, ]-,7!l was chosen county commissioner, which posi- 
(i.n lie now most acceptably fills, having for his col- 
| j<nies Col. John K. Longwell, of Westminster, and 
William C. Polk, of Freedom District. He was for 
nine consecutive years a director of the " Farmers' 
Mutual Insurance. Company of Dug Hill," and its 
lecretary and treasurer for five years. He resides on 
■ Dug Hill," an historical part of the district, situated 
. a the Pennsylvania State line, and settled about the 
middle of the past century. He takes great interest 
in educational matters, having been engaged in teach- 
ing fourteen years, and is one of the trustees of School 
No. 7. He is superintendent of the Sunday-school 
.if Lazarus Church, jointly erected and occupied by 
do' Reform and Lutheran congregations. A practical 
firmer, and thoroughly conversant with agriculture in ; 
ail its minutiae, he has ever zealously labored for the 
material interests of the tillers of the soil. He is 
Master of Springfield Grange, No. 158, located near 
Balm's Mill,- — the most flourishing organization of I 
the kind in the county, — formed and chiefly built up 
iiudcr his management. He was married, Nov. 8, 
1859, to Adaliue C. "Wolfgang, daughter of Jacob 
Wolfgang, by whom he has three children, — two 
daughters and a son. Besides having served two 
terms as county surveyor, he has for many years been 
engaged in private surveying, in which profession he j 
stands deservedly high because of his proficiency ami 
skill. He has filled all public positions intrusted to I 
him with credit, and the board of county commis- 
sioners has rarely had a member who paid closer at- 
tention to the wants and interests of the public than | 
Mr. Warner. 

g( Carroll County, is bounded on the north by Man- 
chester District, on the east by Baltimore County, on 
the south by Woolery's, and on the west by the dis- 
tricts of Westminster and Manchester. The cast 
branch of the Patapsco Falls flows south through the J 
centre of the district, and Aspen and White Oak 
Runs intersect the western portion, and empty into the i 
"•tapsco. In addition to the turnpikes and private I 
"wda the Hanover Railroad furnishes an outlet for the j 
1 f< Jtn-ts of the district in a northern direction, and 
'■ ' Western Maryland Railroad passes along its SOU th- 
■' tern edge. In 1880 it had a population of 1983. 
•''"■ metes and bounds of the district as determined 
! .'' ll "' commission of 1837 are as follows: 

^ ' I- ginning. n t the forks of tho county road* lending from 
' : lei to Uainpstead and George Richards' mill; thence I 

to the forks of Aspen 1'om and Long Glade Branch; thence up 
suid branch to the spring ucnr tho house, of Joseph Bowser, de- 
ceased; thence to tho spring neui the house of John Orcndorff; 
thence to the forks of the most northern branch of Patapsco 
Falls anl Bosley's spring branch, where they unite in William 
Albaugb's meadow : thence through the farms of John Reed 
and Joshua Bosley, Sr., leaving ^aid Reed and Boslcy in Dis- 
trict Xo. 6; thence to Michael Becker's tavern, on the Hanover 
and Baltimore turnpike road, leaving said Becker ii. District 
No. 6; thence across said turnpike oast of Shrivor's tan-yard ; 
thence through the lands of Daniel Caltudcr, leaving said Cal- 

tuder in District No. 0; thence through tho lands of ■ 

Gist; thence through the lands of George Caltudcr, deceased, 
and John Wareham, leaving said Wareham and Caltuder in 
District No. S ; thence to Michael Miller's mill, on the middle 
road; thence to Joshua Stansbury's spring, near the houso 
on the Falls road; thence through the lands of Hair, leaving 
said Hair in District Xo. S ; thence to Henry Zimmerman's 
county road where said road ero-se- the Carroll and Baltimore 
County line at a blazed hickory tree ; thence ^n Baltimore 
County line to Edward Bond's ; thence with the lines of District 
Xo. J to Richard Gorsuch's farm on Patapsco Falls; thence 
with a straight line to the place of beginning." 

Hampstead was made the place for holding the polls. 
The tract of land known as " Transylvania'' was ori- 
ginally surveyed for Thomas White, Aug. 8 ; 174G, 
but resurveyed and patented to Capt. Richard 
Richards, June 10, 1751. 

The district took its name from Hampstead in Eng- 
land, a town from which Capt. Richard Richards emi- 
grated about 17o5. The early settlers were Capt, 
Richard Richards and his brother-in-law, Christopher 
Vaughn, the Coxes, Stansburys, Henry Lamott, the 
Fowbles, Houeks, Snyders, Ebaughs, Murrays, Browns, 
Leisters, Rubys, Lovealls, Cullisons, Gardners, Ham- 
monds, and Armacosts. The first settlers were gen- 
erally English, but afterwards the Germans came into 
the district in large numbers. 

Hampstead, a village containing upwards of three 
hundred inhabitants, is located on surveys called 
" Spring Garden," pateuted to Dustanc Dane in 1748, 
and " Landorff." It was called " Coxville" for over 
fifty years in honor of John Cox, its first settler, but 
finally look the name of Hampstead from the district. 
About a century ago, Col. Johns, of Baltimore County 
(in which this district was then situated), built a ware- 
house of logs to receive and store wheat for his mills, 
near Dover. That house was afterwards weather- 
boarded and sold by Col. Johns to John Cox, the 
first actual settler, who kept a tavern in it, Cox sub- 
sequently sold it to Henry Lamott, It is the oldest 
house in the town, and is now owned by Micajah 
Stansbury. The town was laid out about 178G by 
Christopher Vaughan, a brother-in-law of Capt. 
Richard Richards. They were both Englishmen, and 
during the Revolution Richards sympathized with the 
British, but Yaughan was an active Whig. Ileury 



Lamott came to the village in 179S from Havre do 
Grace, when there were only a few houses in it. He 
was the son of John Laiuott, a French nobleman, who 
settled in Maryland about 1760, and was the first of 
this, family in America. The first physician of the 
town was Dr. Urnbaugh, who had been a Hessian sol- 
dier, and lived a short time in nearly all the villages 
of the county. The first schoolmaster was a Mr. 
Parks. After Dr. Urabaugh, Dr. Hall, who lived 
several miles distant, attended patients here, and the 
next resident physician was Dr. Richard C. Wells, 
with whom Di>. Huberts Barthulow and Hanson M. 
Drach studied in 1850-51 and '52. The last two 
married daughters of John Lamott. John Fowble 
kept the fiist store. Deter Frank kept the first tavern, 
and was succeeded by John Cox. Capt. Richard 
Richards owned fifteen hundred acres of land near the 

The village is on the Hanover pike, and is one 
of the best stations on the Hanover Railroad. Its 
oldest citizens are Col. John Lamott and William Tall 
Hammond, who both served in the war of 1S12, the 
latter being now (1881) eighty-seven years old. Col. 
Lamott was born in 1795, and was three years old 
when las father. Henry Lamott, moved to Ilamp- 
stead. In the war of 1812 he was in Capt. Adam 
Shower's company of Col. Shultz' regiment, of which j 
Conrad Kcrlinger was major. He was in the battle 
of North Point, and draws a pension for his services. 
His father, Henry Lamott, kept a tavern here forty- 
five years, and died iu 1851. Since the completion I 
of the railroad in 1S79 the town has rapidly increased 
in population, and the value of real estate has doubled. ; 
The. physicians are Drs. Richard C. Wells and his sons, ! 
Edward and Constant Wells, Hanson M. Drach, 
John W. Stansbury, and W. W. Wareheim. C. M. \ 
Murray is postmaster, and Lewis C. Myerly, attorney- 
at law. The latter was admitted to the bar during his 
residence in Indiana. He was born Jan. 24, 1829, I 
in Westminster District, and was a son of Jacob, and 
grandson of George, Myerly. The latter was one of 
two brothers who came from Germany before 1775. . 
The Myerly family is of German and French extrac- 
tion. Jacob Myerly married Eve Bishop, by whom 
he had the following children : Rachel, Benjamin, 
Beuben C. (wounded in the Mexican war, and died iu 
Lima, La.), Jacob, Mary J., Lewis Cass, and Su- 
sanna. It was owing largely to the efforts of Lewis 
C. Myerly that the Hanover Railroad was located and 
built on its present road-bed. John Armacost, aged 
ninety-two years, lives near town with his wife, to 
whom he has been married seventy years, and during 
all of that time he has been a member of the M. I.'!. 

Church. Shane Cullison, living near, died ia 1877 
aged ninety-six years. 

The first edifice of the Methodist Episcopal Chute 
was a log structure, built about 1800, which is noi 
occupied by Charles Boat. It was used also as 
school-house, The presenl stone church was erode 
in 1845 by Richard Richards as contractor. Ti, 
parsonage was built in 1878. Rev. D. Benton Win 
stead is the pastor. The graveyard ground in its rea 
was a donation from John Lamott. Interred ther 

of J a 

Elizabeth, wife of John Cox, died Aug. 20, 1S72, agod 77. 
Nicholas Gardner, died Xov. 3, 1874, aged C5. 
Jeremiah Male-horn, died Feb. 28, 1S71, agod 47. 
Anna, wife of Christian Wiener, died March 2S, I860. 
Leonard Belt, died Nov. ;. 1S71, aged 59. 
Mary, wile of Caleb Blizzard, died July 7, 1866, aged 56. 
Sushi, wife of Elisha Gorsuch, died July 1, 1863, aged 62. 
Ke>.iah Caltrider, died Oct. 3, IS7G, aged 71; and her lm, 
band, John Call rider, horn March 5, 1795, died Feb. 28, 1863. 
Elizabeth, wife of Richard D. Armacost, died July 1C, 185! 


it'.-. Jan- 

Moses Myers, died Nov. IS, ISol, aged 5S ; 
March IS, I86S, aged 07. 

Klei.-l. r. wife of Dr. Henson L. Uracil (IT. S. Army), died Oct. 
3, 1864, aged 32; and Susan, wife of Dr. Roberts Ba.rtb.oloH 
(U. S. Army), died July C, 1862, aged 28, both daughters of 
John and Rachel Lamott. The latter (Rachel) died Jon. II 
1850, aged -10. 

George Ports, died April 18, 1S72, aged 70. 

Joshua Tipton, horn Aug. 14, JROO, died Sept. 20, 1S53. 

Dr. J. Ebaugh, died Oat. IS, ISIS, aged 24. 

Absalom Null, died Feb. 24, 1862, aged 10. 

Rev. Anion Richards was the first preacher of this 
church, and died but a few years ago neatly one hun- 
dred years old. 

The United Brethren church is situated one mill 
from town, at Greeuuiount, on the Hanover pike. 
Its pastor is Rev. J. R. Snake. 

The Lutheran congregation has no church edifice, 
but holds its services iu the hall of the Independent 
Order of Bed Men. Rev. II. Burk is pastor. 

Dehoff's church, not now standing, was near Green- 
mount, and was built over seventy years ago by John 
Dehoff. who preached himself, although a plain farmer 
with limited education. 

Bed Jacket Tribe, No. 24, of the Independent 
Order of Bed Men, was instituted about 1845. It 
owns a fine hall aud is in a flourishing condition- 
William A. Murray is its Chief of Records and 
Keeper of Seal. 

Snyd.-r-Lurg is on the east branch of the Patapsro 
three and a half miles from Manchester, seven and .- 
half miles fiom Westminster, and tvrcnty-uine mill • 
from Baltimore. The merchants are E.'.SriyJrr ami 
J. H. Lippy, ihe. latter being the postmaster. 



St. Mark's church was erected in 1S78 by the 
|,uihi ran and Reformed congregations, who jointly use 
,i in worship. The building committee were Michael 
Brillhart (Reformed), Jacob Yingling, and Mr. Ruby 
. Lutheran). The. liouse was consecrated Sept. 29, 
ls78. The Lutheran organization was perfected 
March 9, 1879, when Jacob Yingling and Elisha 
Snyder were elected elders, Edmund Reed and Daniel 
• ; . Hariri, deacons. 

HoucksvUle is three miles from Palapsco, near the 
I'ntapsco River, thirty-four miles from Baltimore, and 
fifteen from Westminster. The merchants are S. A. 
Lauver & Son, G. W. Keller, and A. J. Houck. The 
latter is postmaster, and it is from his family that the 
place takes its name. Geo. W. Keller has an exten- 
m\c paper manufactory here. Dr. C. S. Davis is the 
physician of the town, and Dr. George Rupp the den- 
tist, Mr. Keller's paper-factory gives employment to 
many mechanics and laborers. The water-power of 
the Patapsco at this point is magnificent, and numer- 
ous mills and factories are successfully operated. 

The Bartholow family is one of the oldest in this 
district, and has given to the country a man distin- 
guished at home and in Europe for his great medical 
learning and attainments. Dr. Roberts Bartholow 
w:i* born and raised near Hampstead, and educated 
at Calvert College, after which he graduated at the 
University of Maryland. During the war of 1861-65 
he was brigade surgeon on the staff of Gen. MeClellan. 
After his resignation he took a professorship in the 
University of Maryland, and from there he removed 
to Cincinnati, Ohio, at which place he was chosen 
Professor of Materia Medica of the Ohio Medical Col- 
lege. He is the author of several meritorious medical 
works. In March, 1S79, this most skillful and sci- 
entific physician was appointed Professor of Materia 
Medica and Therapeutics in the Jefferson Medical 
College of Philadelphia. Dr. Bartholow, within (be 
past ten years, has attracted the attention of his pro- 
fusion, both in Europe and America, by the fresh- 
Dess and vigor of his writings and the variety of his 
>"iiributions to science. In the literature of his pro- 
f<— u.n he is now an acknowledged authority, and the 
fat that Jefferson Medical College chose him for the 
Sponsible position named is an evidence that this 
•Uhdard institution is determined to keep abreast of 
-••• age. He studied medicine with Dr. Thomas W. 

" ■ graduated on March 9, 1S52, and practiced 
'■' profession at New Windsor until his removal to 
' ' '"nati, Ohio. He married Susan, daughter of 
J ' • « and Rachel Lamott. 
_ Hie following is a list of public school trustees in 

■'• district for 1S81 and 1882, together with the 

names of teachers and number of pupils in each 
school : 

I. Jesse Brown's.— Leven Wright, John E. Houck, Adam 

2 and 3. Snydersburg (Nos. 1 and 2).— J. Switser, Wm. IJ. 
Ruby, John T. Heed. 

4. Eberg.— John Strickland, George Gross, George Shaffer. 

5 and 6.— Hampstead (Nos. 1 and 2).— James Sugars, William 
Houck, Jacob Cnltridcr. 

7. Houcksville.— Michael Biichuian, Joseph Brummel, A. J. 

5. Emory Chapel. — Appointments deferred. 

9. Lowe's.— Miles Long, D. Leister, Lewis Green. 

10. Salem.— J. M. Bash, John P. .Murray, John A. Armacost. 

II. Mount Union Mills.— Thomas J. Gorsuch, Casper Miilan- 
der, William Kagle. 

The teachers for the term ending April 15, 1881, 
were : 

1, E. S. Martin, 39 pupils; 2, A. Eugenia Follz, 36 pupils; 3, 
J. H. L. Boycr, 30 pupils; 4, G. A. Leister, 46 pupils; 5, 
Mettie Miller, -11 pupils; 0, W. A. Abbott, 42 pupils; 7, 
Joel Sykes. 5S pupils; S, Anna M. Buckingham, 27 pupils; 

9, J. X 


I'. .My 


lm W. Itilb, IS pupils. 

The justices are Dr. Hanson T. Drach, John W. 
Abbott; Constable. Benjamin Croft. 

Below are given the votes cast for local officers in 
this district from 1851 to 1861, inclusive: 

1851.— Vote for Primary School Commissioner; F. J. Smith 

101, Daniel Hoover 89, F. J. Smith 12G, Daniel Horner SS. 
1853.— For Justices: D. W. Houck 1S1, Richard Harris 100, 

H. Jordan 68; Constables: John Marsh 07, Jctson L. 

Gill 170; Iload SupcrYisor : Joseph Armacost 174, Jacob 

Lippo 72. 
1855.— For Justices: Richard Harris 122, Jesse Brown 103, 

John Fowble Ul, George Richards 150; Constables: J. L. 

Gill 137, J. Campbell 121; Road Supervisor: E. Ebaugh 

110, Leonard licit 154. 
1857.— For Justices: Dr. II. M. Drach 183, Gcorgo Ilk-bards 

180, J. L. Gil! 120, Daniel Richards 110; Constables: II. 

W. Ports 177, Jeroui; Ebaugh 121; Road SupcrYisor: L. 

Belt 172, C. 1>. Frick 121, William Corbin 8. 
I860.— For Justices: 11. M. Drach 102, Jesse Brown 149, John 

Lamottc 02, R. Harris 137; Constables: J. G. Gittinger 

175, Jerome Ebaugh 134; lload Supervisor: Leonard Belt 

179, Henry Stansbury 130. 
1861.— For Justices: W. S. Wooden 209, Jacob Miller 194, 

Jesse Brown 116, Richard Harris 131 ; Constables: Elisha 

Bromwell 210, Alfred Ruby 108; Road Supervisor: Wil- 
liam Houck 100, Leonard Belt 132. 

The reputation of Hampstead District for good 
order has been uniformly excellent, and there has 
seldom happened anything of an exciting character to 
arouse the feelings of the inhabitants. On the night 
of Feb. 12, 1870, however, at a place known as Houck 
& Hoffman's fulling-mill, and about one mile from 
the store of D. W. Houck, Edward Woolman, a Ger- 
man, stabbed Samuel P. Linkinhofer to the heart 
with a shoemaker's knife, killing him instantly. At 



tlic subsequent investigation Woolinan was discharged 
from custody, it having been shown that the homicide 
was committed in self-defense. 


The Ninth District of Carroll Count)-, known as : 
Franklin, is bounded on the north by the districts of 
New Windsor aud Westminster, on the west by Free- 
dom, on the south by Howard County, and on the 
west by Frederick County. Morgan's Run waters the 
northern portion of the district, Gillis' Falls the centre 
and =oulh, and a number of small streams pass through 
the western part of Franklin. The southern extrem- 
ity of Franklin District is traversed by the Baltimore j 
and Ohio Railroad, which offers unlimited facilities for ! 
the disposal of produce, and the Western Maryland : 
passes through New Windsor, not very far from the 
northern boundary. The following are the metes and 
bounds prescribed by the commission of lS'JT, which 
were afterwards slightly altered by an act of Assembly 
passed May 23, 1853, and already given : 

'■Beginning nt Parr's Spring; thence with the Western 
r.mnch of Patapsoo Falls to the junction of Gillis's Fall? ; thence 
will, Gillis's Falls to James Steel's, leaving him in District No. 5 ; 
thenee with n straight line to a branch crossing the new Liberty 
road near Conway's; thence with a straight line to Crawford's road 
nt the old Liberty j thenee up the old Liberty road to Farfer's 
old fields; thenee with the road running near Gideon Mitchel's, 
leaving him in District No. it; thenee with said road to Mor- 
gan's Hun; thence up Morgan's Hun to Hawkins' Branch, to a leading from Benjamin Gorsuoh to George Warfield's store; 
thenee with the road leading to the 'Stone Chapel;' thence 
with Howard's road to Turkey Fool Branch ; thence down said 
branch to Philip Nicodcumscs mill; thenee with (he lines of 
District No. 2 to Sandis' Mill; thence with the county line to 
the place of beginning." 

Franklinvillo was made the place for holding the 
polls. The district contained 2225 inhabitants in 

This district was settled by the English and emi- 
grants from the southern counties of the province of 
Maryland. Among the first settlers were the Frank- 
lins, from whom the district took its name, Charles 
and Alexander Warfield, John and David Evans, 
Rawlingses, Beaches, Samuel Kttzmiller, the Waterses, 
Brashearses, Spurriers, Gosnells, Barneses, Ingelses, 
Buckinghams, Lindsays, Dorseys, Bennetts (Samuel, 
Benjamin, and Lloyd), Selbys, Hoods, and Elgins. 

Kbnnezer church (Jl. E.), a frame building, is situ- 
><•' 1 in the e'yMcrn part, of the district, on the road 
'' Ui WitiBeld to Defiance, and was built in 1854. For 
the i nsi mx years if has been a part of the New Wind- ! 
M ' limit, and before that was connected with West- j 
"•"•slur. lis pastors for 1881 were Revs. James Cad- ! 

ii riiu Howard Downs. In the graveyard adjoining 
•»«f i-lurch arc buried 

Perry C. Harp, died April 26, 1S79, aged SO. 
Eliza Ann, wife of R. L. Fa-rver, died Oct. 17. 1ST:!, ngerl 10, 
Nicholas II. Jenkins, died Jan. 31, 1S77, aged 61. 
Arrey, wife of Warner Pickett, born Juno 29, IS21, died .Ian. 
2S, 1871. 

Mareilia, wire of J. T. Jenkins, born Oct. 16, ISIS, died Aug. 

Joseph Atkins, of First Massachusetts Cavalry, died July 8, 



Catharine Harp, died Nov. If,, 1874, aged 73. 

John Day, died March 5, 1S7I, aged 60 ; and his wife, Emily, 
horn Jan. 29, ISIS, died April 30, 1S7G. 

Joshua Crimes, died April 12, 1S67, agod 61. 

David A. Ililtabidol, born Aug. 23, ISIS, died Nov. 21, 1S02; 
and Temperance, his wife, died Dec. 31, 1866, aged 51. 

Samuel Choate, born Jan. 28, 1822, died Nov. 1, IS62. 

Hamilton P. Skidmore, died March 17, 1S7S, aged 51. 

Ruth Ann, wife of Basil Shipley, died Feb. 2-l,lS59, aged 27 

Cordelia., wife of Perry G. Buvdett, died April 28, 1S57, 

Hi, 1ST 

Catharine, wife of Joseph Fii/./.ell, die 
aged 63. 

John W. Criswell, died Nov. IS, 18.58, aged 12; and Ruth, 
his wife, Dec. 28, 1S79, aged C.ii. 

Sarah A. Rawlings, born Nov. 3, 1809, died May 29, 1878. 

Catharine, wife of Dr. J. Rinchart, died Dec. 19, 1S79, 

Corrilla, wife of John A. Snider, died Jan. 23, 1872, aged 39. 

Taylorsville was named in honor of Gen. Zach- 
ary Taylor, and the first house was built in ii in May, 
1S4G, by Henry D. Franklin. Mr. Franklin still re- 
sides therein, and has adjoining a wagon-making shop, 
which he carries on. The second settler in the place 
was David Buckingham, who keeps a store, and is the 

The Methodist Episcopal church is a neat frame 
edifice erected in 1S78, before which services were held 
in a building constructed in 1850, and now used as a 
band hall. The present pastor is Bev. Mr. Shrincr, 
and the Sunday-school superintendent is Thomas 
Shipley. In the cemetery attached to the church arc 
buried' James Beach, born Aug. 19, 184G, died Oct, 
29, 1SS0; Charles G. Franklin, died Dec. 24, 1878. 
aged seventy; N. Harvey Shipley, died Feb. 1, 1881. 
aged eighteen ; Louisa, wife of David Buckingham, 
died July 22, 1849, aged forty-two. 

Franklinville is seven and a half miles from Mould 
Airy aud near Parr's Falls, a small stream which 
drains the neighborhood. It was settled in the be 
ginning of the century, and named for the Franklin 
family, mie of the first to settle in the district, about 
1745. R. Horsey is merchant and postmaster, and 
Dr. R. O. D. Warfield, the physician of the village. 
William Long, John Elgin, and John T. Derr have 
shoe-shops, and George Pickett and Jesse Wilson ai< 
the millers. It is the voting-place of the district, au'i 
is pleasantly situated on the old Liberty road. 

The Methodist Episcopal Chinch South (Bethany 



».is organized in 1S71, under the auspices of Rev. 
A. Q- Flaherty, and its neat frame edifice was built 
in t lie fame year. Its pastors have been: 
is; 1-73, Rev. A. Q. rh.he.-t;>'; 1873-70, Rev. David Bush; 

1876-79, Rev. W.R. Stringer; 1S79-S2, Rev. M. G. Bal- 


Tn the graveyard in its rear are, among otliers, the 
following interments : 

Levin Gosnell, died Dec. 21, 1879, aged 86. 

Bennett Spurrier, died Nov. 9, 1879, aged 75; and his wife, 
Rachel, died Dec. 2:., 1879, aged 77. 

Lizzie M., wife of Samuel Elgin, died March l,lS75,aged 6S. 

Lewis Lindsay, died Nov. 21, 1S7S, aged .07. 

Cnsadora Lindsay, died June IS, 1S76, aged 2S. 

Charles W. Franklin, died March 1, 1S74, aged 53. 

Samuel Kitzmillcr, died Sept. IS, 1854, and born May 10, 
1790; and his wife, Catharine, born June 8, 1799, died June 
22, 1885. 

Thomas B. Franklin, died Oct. 30, IS7S, aged 65. 

Winfield is six miles from the Baltimore and Ohio 
Hailroad at Woodbine, and was named in honor of 
Gen. Winficld Scott. The Bethel Church of God, 
Rev, Mr. Palmer, is located here. The village was 
established about 1851 and 1852. Fraukliu Grange, 
No, 117, of Patrons of Husbandry, of which Dr. F. 
J. Crawford was for a long time Master, holds 
it-, meetings in Winfield. II. M. Zile is a merchant 
in the village, and James Easton postmaster. Dr. F. 
.J. Crawford is the physician. Its schools, Pine 
Orchard and Jenkins', are among the best in the 
c mnty. 

Irlonnl Airy, so named 'from its elevated and 
healthy location, is on the Baltimore and Ohio Rail- 
road. J. C. Duvall is postmaster and track foreman. 
The store-keepers are J. B. Runkles, S. E. Grove, A. 
Anderson, and Cochran & Harrington. The hotels 
•re kepi by It. A. Nelson and C. A. Smith. Bis. B. 
II. Todd and J. E. Bromwell are the physicians, and 
'• 1'. Mullirrix, railroad and express agent. The 
Mount Airy Coal and Iron Company was incorporated 
March 9, 1851, with F. A. Schley, J. M. Schley, 
J liouias Hammond, George Schley, and John G. Lynn 
•>- incorporators. 

Newport, a small hamlet, lies near the Frederick 
r ' "lily line. 

Parrsville and RidgeviUe, small villages, lie 
■-ml, of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. In the 
: 'finer is a Methodist Episcopal church, and between 
■' ■' '' Mount Airy is the Presbyterian church. 

Hooper's Delight, a neat brick school-house, a mile 

■■' Sam's Creek, was built in 1875. 

••• !iel Methodist Episcopal church, a brick build- 
"I two stories and a basement, was erected in 

'■'' on tin- sic where the old log structure stood 
■' ] -! ; >- It belongs to the New Windsor Circuit, 

and it-< pastors for 1881 were Bev. Howard Downs and 
J. A. Fadden. The beautiful cemetery adjoining the 
church contains the graves of the following persons: 

Thomas Devilbiss, died July 12, 1878, aged 77. 

Benjamin Bennett, bom Aug. 21, ISU9, died Dec. 23, 1S63. 

Robert Bennett, died March 20, I S5G, aged 78; and Eliza- 
beth Bennett, died Jan. 4, 1846, aged 78. 

Nathan B. Stoclisdnle, bom Feb. 2, 180C, died Jan. 20, 1865. 

Jesse M. Zile, born July 26, 1831, died June 11, 1S75. 

born July 31, 1803, died Sept. 7, 

died July 26, 1S73. aged 03. 

' Casper and A. E. Devilbiss, died No 


. 8, 1878, 

Lewis J\ 
Rachel, hi: 

aged 44. 

Casper Devilbiss, died March J, 186S, aged 73. 

Mary Hiteshow, died Dec. 10, 1S71, aged 88. 

Sarah T. Sebicr, died Nov. 21, 1871, age,] 55. 

Mary Nusbau.u, died Jan. 1, 1S64, aged 44. 

David Nusbaum, died Sep!. 21, 1861, aged 00. 

Benjamin Sharrets, bom Feb. 19, 1S08, died Aug. 24, 1S73. 

Mary M. Sharrets, bom April 3, 1812, died March 20, 1S74. 

John L. Reiglcr, born July 5, 1S05, died April 12, 1879; and 
Annie, bis wife, died March 24, 1862, aged 58. 

Ursala Barbara Reiglcr, born Dec. 14, 1811, died March 5, 

John Greenwood, born Feb. 25, 1817, died Feb. 12, 1S78. 

Ellen Chase, died Juno 10. 1874, aged G2. 

Mary E„ wife of R. Dorsey, born Oct. 20, 1820, died April 
17, 1873. 

Urland Greenwood, died Dee. 3, 1875, aged 67. 

Stephen Gorsuch, died June 5, 18S0, aged 8ft. 

Jane Gorsuch, born June 10, 1785, died Sept. 3, 1856. 

Nathan, son of Stephen and Jane Gorsuch, born Jan. 26, 
1820, died April 0, 1849. 

Thomas Poole, died Aug. 31, 1821, aged 37. 

Dr. Lewis Kelly, died April 13, 1872, aged 30. 

Alexander Warfield, died Jan. 6, 1835, aged 70; and his vrifo, 
Jemima, died Nov. 20, 1817, aged 72. 

Elizabeth Worthingtoii, born Oct. 22, 1820, died July C, 1851. Jones, died Sept. 19, 1S30. aged 70; and his 
wife, Annie, March 12, 1S11, aged 33. 

Horatio J. Warfield,- died Aug. 5, 1S77, aged 53. 

Rev. Geo. W. Johnson, bom Oct. 10, 1841, died May 28, 

Francis A. Davis, died Dec. 7, 1850, aged 50; and his wife, 
Cecilia, died Aug. 28, IS 19, aged 40. 

Rev. John Davis, died April 28, 1817, aged 85. 

Joshua Warfield, died April 1, 1880, aged 79. 
_ Evelina C. Warfield, died May 21, 1877, aged 47. 

David Warfield, died March I, 1S71, aged 43. 

Virginia S., wife of J. 1\ Naill, died July 22, 1874, aged 2S. 

Near this church — but a few yards away — -is the 
old Alexander Warfield homestead It is now occu- 
pied by Bev. Charles A. Beid, a native of Virginia, 
who began preaching in the Methodist Episcopal 
Church in 1842. He married Elizabeth, daughter 
of Joshua Warfield, and granddaughter of Alexander 
Warfield. The kilter's father was one of the earliest 
settlers in the. district, and (.wind all the laud around 
the Bethel church. Alexander Warfield was first 
married to Elizabeth Woodward, Dee. 30, 1788, 
by whom he had four children. He was again mar- 
ried March 11, 1797, to Jemima Dorsey. His house, 



built over a hundred years ago aud now occupied by 
Rev. Dr. Reid, was the early stopping place of Bishop 
Asbury and all the circuit riders and preachers. Bishop 
Asbury visited it. hist in 1S1G. Mr. Warfield was 
church steward in 1801, and active in the church ser- 
vices until his death, Jan. G, 1S35. At John Evan's 
old house, now owned by Jesse Stern, was likewise a 
home, for preachers, and preaching held there as late 
as 1809, when services were transferred to the house 
of Benjamin Bennett. The Evan's house was a log 
structure one aud a half stories high. Samuel and 
Lloyd Beunett weie early converted to Methodism, 
and became noted in the church. 

Creameries. — Pinkney J. Bennett owns two cream- 
eries, both of which are iu successful operation, one 
of which is located in the Franklin District and the 
other in New Windsor. He is the largest butter pro- 
ducer in Maryland. His establishments are fitted up 
with the best of machinery, and together have a ca- 
pacity of ten thousand pounds of butter daily. His 
varied appliances include five horse engines. At 
present he is making about five thousand pounds 
daily, while the average daily yield throughout the 
year is six thousand pounds. The lands in the vicin- 
ity are finely adapted to the business, producing the 
best of blue grass and clover, and are free from nox- 
ious weeds. Mr. Bennett gets his milk from thirty- 
five farmers, and the amount used is the product of a 
herd of four hundred cows, all healthy and vigorous 
animals. The butter is made by machinery, and is 
never touched by the employes during its manufac- 
ture. He also makes ice-cream and ships milk, but 
makes no cheese. He does not think that the in- 
creased value of the product is equivalent to the extra 
labor, and believes his butter will keep longer. The 
yield per hundred pounds of milk he also thinks to 
be greater than cheese-makers realize, and by return- 
ing the sour milk to the farmers for their pigs, he can 
buy for less than if it were retained for cheese-making. 
The price the fanners get for the milk is equiva- 
lent, if they made it into butter, to about twenty-five 
ceuts per pound of butter. 

The creameries are two stories high, thirty-five by 
forty feet, with engine-houses ten by twelve feet, and 
are erected over streams of running water. 

The farmers of the county are awakening to the 
importance of creameries, and at their solicitation Mr. 
Bennett is considering the establishment of two more. 
He has been in the business since 187G, and since 
the first difficulties were overcome, of the educating 
of the farmers of his vicinity to keeping pastures and 
the necessity of cleanliness, he has been quite suc- 
cessful in his enterprises. He is a progressive and 

euergetic gentleman, and has ample means to back 

Harrisville, a small hamlet, is in the western part 
the Frederick County 

of Franklin District 

Hood & Clary have a store here, and the place has 
a mill and several shops. 

"Watersville is a village situated in the Franklin 
District, on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, about 
I forty miles from Baltimore. The Methodist Episcopal 
j aud Baptist congregations have a place of worship. 
I England & Kenly are the merchants of the town, 
j and the former is postmaster. Dr. S. R. Waters 
j is the practicing physician for the village and the sur- 
: rounding country, and it is from his family, one of 
j the oldest in the district, that the town derives its 
I name. Joshua Hall is the railroad foreman stationed 
! at this point, and D. L. Kenly is the railroad and 
j express agent. The country iu the vicinity of the 
j village is noted as a tobacco-growing region. 
I David Crawford, one of the first settlers in New 
j Windsor District, where in early days he was a lead- 
; ing man in public affairs, was a native of Pcnnsyl- 
j vania. He married Miss Lloyd, from which union 
I were born seven sons and two daughters. Of these, 
! Evan Lloyd Crawford married Isabella Smith, a 
! daughter of Duncan Smith. She was born at Inver- 
ness, Scotland, near the city of Edinburgh, and came 
to America with her parents when a little girl. Evan 
Lloyd Crawford was the father of one son and four 
girls, who grew up to maturity, and of the latter three 
yet survive. The. son, Francis Jesse Crawford, was 
born on the farm on which he now resides, then in 
Baltimore County, Nov. 1, 1819. Until twenty-one 
years of age he worked on the farm, aud attended the 
neighborhood schools during the winter months. He 
then attended for three years the academy at Johns- 
ville, Frederick Co., of which that eminent in- 
structor, Prof. John S. Sandbatch, was principal 
Among his classmates was Judge William N. Hay- 
den, of Westminster. He taught school for several 
winters near home, in both Baltimore aud Frederick 
Counties, to acquire fuuds sufficient to enable him to 
prosecute his studies for the medical profession. IJe 
then read medicine with Dr. James H. Claggett, of 
Washington County, one of the most distinguished 
physicians of his day, after which he' attended the lec- 
tures of Washington University, in Baltimore, where 
he graduated in the class of 1843 and '1 1. In that in 
stitution he was under the tutelage of such eminent 
and learned men as Drs. Baxley, Vnughan, Jennings, 
Moucur, and Webster, great lights in the medical 
world. After his graduation he returned to hi* 





^^a^ ^^ ^> t^^Vc^iu, /?v3- 



home iu Franklin District and began the practice 
of his profession, in which he has been success- 
fully engaged for thirty-eight years. In that period 
cf time he has not been excelled as a practitioner, and 
before the war his practice extended over a field now 
filled by some eight, physicians. In one year he paid 
two thousand two hundred medical visits, of which 
sixty-five were in obstetrical cases. The doctor is a 
strong Democrat 1 ?!] politics and active in the counsels of 
his party, and, although often solicited by his friends, 
hiiscver firmly refused to be an aspirant for office. Some 
thirty years ago he became a member of Salem Lodge, 
No. 60, 1. 0. 0. F.,at Westminster, and subsequently 
of Columbia Encampment, No. 14, of the .same place. 
On the institution of St. Stephen's Lodge, No. 95, 
1. 0. 0. F., at Defiance, in May, 1857, he was one 
of its charter members, and since then has passed all 
the chairs, and has been a representative to the Grand 
Lodge. He is Master of Franklin Grange, Patrons of 
Husbandry, No. 117, aud was largely instrumental iu 
its organization. Although connected with no de- 
nomination, he is a liberal giver to all the churches in 
his neighborhood. He was married in May, 1853, 
to lluth Elizabeth Bennett, daughter of Benjamin 
Bennett, of Franklin District, by which union he has 
live children: Fannie Belle, married to Dr. R. O. D. 
Warfield ; Kate Emma, married to Henry S. Davis; 
Francis Albert, William Lloyd, and Charles Clement, 
besides two daughters who died young. Dr. Craw- 
ford's line farm of three hundred and seventy acres, 
known as Waterloo, is within some sixty yards of the 
Frederick County line. He is a self-made man, who, 
with no resources with which to begin life but a firm 
will and energy, has by his ability and industry 
leached an eminent place iu his profession, aud has 
been otherwise very successful in life. He is the 
most noted fox-hunter in the county, aud has a pack 
<jf eighteen hounds unsurpassed in this part of Mary- 
land. He is also a fine horseman, and in breeding 
horses has made the Morgan stock a specialty, having 
Jears ago purchased from Col. Carroll a pure-blooded 
Morgan mare. His horses are among the first in 
Carroll County. In cattle he prefers Alderueys or 
Jerseys, and his herds take rank with the best and 
purest in the State. 

lielow are given the votes cast for local officers in 
lliis district from 1S51 to 1861, inclusive: 

• «1 — Vote for Primary School Commissioner: Charles Dun- 
Xing 87,' Stephen Gorsuch 86, Charles Denning 150, Evan 
1.. Crawford 14. 
'-—Fur Justices: Thos. B. Owings 145, Charles Denning 
l''i, E. L. Crawford 52, John Hood 171, David Bucking- 
ham 117, Aquila Pickett 139; Constables : Joshua Shuster 
175, Levi? Lindscy 116, 11. B.Skidmorc -A Nimrod Buck- 

ingham 118; Road Supervisor: F.J. Crawford MS, A. P. 
Harries 100. 

1855.— For Justices: Milton Bussard 209, Aquila Picket 50?,, 
A. Albaugh 215, T. B. Owings 135, C. Denning 127, 6. W. 
Chase 87; Constables: Join. Hood 222, J. Criswell 233, 
Henry 117; Road Supervisor: Win. Gosnell 223, J. 
Nausbaum 127. 

1S57.— For Justices: T. B. Owings 105. A. 106, Abra- 
ham Albaugh 172, F. A. Switzcr 183, John Hood S3; Con- 
stables: Vacbcl Hammond 199, J. V. Crisweli 212; Road 
Supervisor: G. H. Davis 121, W. Gosnell 177. 

1859.— For Justices: T. B. Owings 116, John Hood 174, F. A. 
Suit/or 103, Aquila Pickett 104, J. Thomas Young 1S5; 
Constables: W. \V. Picketl 184, J.]!. Ruuklosl73; Road 
Supervisor: Jesse Jan ell, 98, Kanan Sprinkle 67. 

1861.— For Justices: J. W. Cochran 25C, John T. Young 255, 
Aquila Pickett 247; Constables: \Y. XT. Pickett 24S. \Y. P. 
Davis 2G1; Road Supervisor: W". II. Barnes 201. 

The following is a list of public school trustees for 
1881 and 18S2, together with the names of teachers 
and number of scholars : 

1. Parr's Ridge.— No appointments. 

2. Chestnut Grove.— James H. Steele, AVeslcy P. Gomel. Dr. 
S. R. Waters. 

3. Cabbage Spring.— J. N. Selby, S. Hood, N. Davis. 

4. Franklinville.— Ambrose G. Franklin, W. H. Barnes, G. 
W. Baker. 

5. Pine Orchard.— Augustus Brown, David Zile, David 

6. Salem.— Wm. Y. Frizzoll, John B. T. Sellman, Vincent 

7. Hooper's Delight. — No appointments. 

S. Ridge.— Richard J. Brashcars, Wesley Harrison, James 

1. Fairvicw (African).— No appointments. 

The teachers for the term ending April 15, 1881, 
were : 

1, Ettie Shipley, 11 pupils; 2, Sallic N. Watcis, 25 pupils; 
3, Clara S el by, 40 pupils; I, Jacob Farver, I! pupils; 
5, A. XT. Buckingham, 44 pupils; C, Louisa A. Hoffman, 
41 pupils; 7, C. W. Reagan, 32 pupils; S, Geo. A. Davis, 
41 pupils; 1 (colored school), John 11. Henderson, 3S pupils. 

The Tenth District of Carroll County, generally 
known as Middlcburg, is bounded on the north by 
the Taneytown District, on the west by the districts 
of Uniontown and Union Lridge and by Frederick 
County, on the south by Frederick County. The 
Mouocacy River, Double Pipe Creek, and Little Pipe 
Creek separate the district from Frederick County, 
while Big Pipe Creek flows through the centre of the 
district. These streams and their tributaries supply 
an abundance of water for all purposes. The West- 
ern Maryland Bai'road passes through the southern 
portion of the district, aud the Frederick and Penn- 
sylvania Line Railroad divides it very nearly into 
ecpual portions, these roads furnishing ample facilities 



for outside communication, trade, and traffic. The dis- 
trict iu 1880 had a population of 1221. 

Middleburg District was created by an act of the 
General Assembly of Maryland, passed March 24, 
1852, in which William Shepperd, William Shaw, 
and John Clabaugh were named as commissioners to 
ascertain and fix the boundaries. The town of Mid- 
dleburg was chosen as the place for holding the polls. 
The first settlers in the district were Scotch-Irish. 
They entered upon and cleared up a large amount of 
land between 1750 and 1770. 

Among the pioneers in this portion of the State 
were Normand Bruce, Philip and Francis Key, Upton 
Scott, the Delaplanes, Denises, and Landises. " Terra 
Rubra,'' a trad of eighteen hundred and sixty-five 
acres, was patented in 1752 to Philip Key, and 
" Runnymeade," of three thousand six hundred and 
seventy-seven acres, to Francis Key and Upton Scott 
in 17G7. 

I Normand Rruce was sheriff of Frederick County 
| before the Revolution under the proprietary govern- 
I ment, and the most important personage in this part 
i of the county. "New Bedford," of five thousand 
I three hundred and one acres, was patented iu 1762 to 
Daniel McKenzie and John Logsden. 

John Ross Key, son of Philip Key, the owner of 
"Terra Rubra," was born in 1754. He was a lieu- 
.tenant in the First. Artillery, which went from Mary- 
land at the outbreak of the Revolutionary war, and 
owned a larjre estate iu Middleburg District, then a 
part of Taneytown, in Frederick County. His wife, 
Anne Phebe Key, was born iu 1775. Their mansion 
was of brick, with centre and wings and long porches. 
It was situated in the centre of a large lawn, shaded 
by trees, and had attached to it an extensive terraced 
garden adorned with shrubbery and flowers. Near 
by flowed Pipe Creek through a dense woods. A 
copious spring of the purest, water was at the foot 
of the hill. A meadow of waving grass spread out 
towards the Catoctin Mountain, which could ofteu be 
seen at sunset curtained in clouds of crimson and gold. 
When the labors of the farm were over, in the evening, 
the negroes were summoned to prayers with the. family, 
which were usually conducted by Francis Scott Key 
when he was there, and by bis mother when he was away. 
After prayers, almost every night, as was common on 
plantations in Maryland, music and dancing might be 
heard at the quarters of the negroes until a late hour. 
It was at this happy home that Roger Brooke Taney, 
then a young attorney, and subsequently chief justice 
of the. United States, married, Jan. 7, 1800, Anne 
Phebe Charlton Key, daughter of the proprietor of 
the estate. John Ross Key died Oct. 9, 1821, and 

his wife, Anne Phebe, July 8, 1850. Both are bur- 
ied in Frederick City, in Mount Olivet Cemetery. 
Their daughter, the wife of Judge Taney, died of 
yellow fever at Point. Comfort, Va., Sept. 29. 1S55, 
and is buried near her parents in the same lot, by the 
side of her daughters, Ellen M. and Alice Carroll. 

No man in Frederick County took a more active 
part in the Revolutionary struggle than John Ross 
Key, who fought on the field, and was of great service 
to the patriot cause in committees and as a counselor. 
As early as 1770, when a mere boy, he attended tin; 
preliminary meetings (<(' the pioneers held at Taney- 
town to consult as to the odious stamp measures then 
oppressing the colonies. He was the father of the 
wife of Chief Justice Taney and of the author of 
"The Star-Spangled Banner," — one a woman of rare 
virtues and graces, and the other the favorite national 

Francis Scott Key, the author of the " Star-Span- 
gled Banner," was a native of Middleburg District, 
where he was born Aug. 1, 1779. A graduate of St. 
John's College, Annapolis, he adopted the law as his 
profession, began his practice at Frederick, and thence 
removed to Georgetown, D. C. He was for many 
years district attorney for the District of Columbia. 
His only sister was the wife of Roger B. Taney, 
chief justice of the United States: Hon. George H. 
Pendleton, of Ohio, is one of his sons-in-law. 1 

In personal appearance Mr. Key was tall and thin, 
cleanly shaven, with a head of heavy brown hair, dis- 
posed to curl slightly. He had a face of marked 
beauty, of peculiar o\al form, and a notable sweetness 
of expression. He had large, dreamy, poetic eyes, 
and a genuinely sympathetic and mobile countenance. 
A portrait in possession of his daughter, Mrs. Turner, 
I who with some of her descendants lives in California, 
j has been copied for the statue to adorn the monument 
which is to be erected to him iu accordance with the 
§150,000 bequest for that purpose of James Rick, 
the millionaire. 

Mr. Key died in Baltimore, Jan. 11, 1843, while 

I on a visit to his son-in-law, Charles Howard, and was 

I buried in the Monumental City. At the death of his 

! wife, in 1857, his remains were removed and placed 

by the side of her remains iu Mount Olivet Cemetery, 

I Frederick City, under the direction of bis son-in-law. 

! Hon. George Hunt Pendleton, United Stales senator 

from Ohio, wdio married his daughter Alice, the fa- 

1 vorite niece of Chief Justice Roger Brooke Taney. 

Daniel Turner, who graduated at the lead of the 

1 A full sketch of Mia will bo fuinid in the history of Fred- 



first class which went out from Wesl Point lilitary 
Academy, was a nephew of Jacob Turner, one of 
three commissioned officers who, with six soldiers, 
were killed in the battle of Germantown. 

After the war of 1S1 2, Turner retired from the 
army and became a member of Congress from North 
Carolina. John Randolph, then in Congress, an in- [ 
timate friend of John Ross Key, and a frequent visi- 
tor at his hospitable home, took Mr. Turner there | 
and introduced him into the Key family, one of whose 
daughters be married. 

The Scott family was an old one in the district, and 
one of its most noted members, Hon. Upton Scott, ! 
was born in Annapolis in 1810, when his mother was 
on a visit to her relatives. He was a delegate to the 
General Assembly in 1840, and in 1800 removed to i 
Baltimore County, and later to Baltimore City. Gov- 
ernor AY byte appointed him a justice of the peace for 
the city, and he was reappointed by Governor Carroll. 
Mr. Scott died in Baltimore, Aug. o, 1881. He was 
the father of Mrs. Judge William N. Hayden, and 
brother-in-law of Hon. John B. Boyle, both of West- 
minster. His father, John Scott, married a daughter | 
of Normand Bruce. 

Middlebltrg', the largest village in the district, is 
situated on the Frederick road. The land on the 
south side of that, road was originally owned by .the j 
Brooks family, and it was a dense woods in 1800. 
The town in 1817 comprised the following houses: 
The old stone house now occupied by William Dukart 
was then kept as a tavern by William Neal. An old 
stone house also stood upon the site of J. H. Wine- 
brenner's dwelling, a part of which was, in 1817, 
u.-cd by Mr. Clapsaddle as a blacksmith-shop. Mr. 
Fulwiler, a tailor, lived in the house now occupied by 
Dr. Thompson, which was built, about the year 1800 
by John Dust, and is the oldest house in the village- 
The stone house now owned by Arnold was built in 
1*15, or thereabouts, and was then owned by Dickey 
Brooks. The taveru now owned by Lewis Lynn was 
also built about the year 1815. The building now 
occupied by Mr. Williams, and which belongs to 
Mary Koontz, was built in 181G, and was intended to 
be used as a bank, as at that time there was talk of 
organizing a county, and Middlebuig was to be the 
county-seat. Dr. William Zollicoll'er was the physi- 
cian, and moved here in 1S17, and lived in a shed- 
house which was attached to the Williams property. 
Mr. Steiner kept a store in the bouse where Mr. 
riiouipson now lives, there being then an additional 
building attached to it, which has since been removed. 
"r. Zultzer kept a store in the Williams property. 
the old well which is situated on the pike south of 

Mr. Arnold's residence was dug by an Irishman, 
named Elick Fulton, in ISO!!. It is supposed that 
the town received its name from the fact that it is 
situated about middle way between Westminster and 
Frederick. It did not improve much until after the 
war of 1S12-14, when, under the lead of Mr. Wine- 
miller, several fine houses were erected. The house 
now occupied by Susanna Dehoff was standing in 
1817, and .was owned by her mother. 

At a meeting of the " Columbian Independent 
Company," commanded by Capt, Nicholas Snider, of 
Taneytowu, and the " Independent Pipe Creek Com- 
pany," under the command of Capt. Thomas Hook, . 
held at Middlebuig, Oct. 13, 1821, information of the 
death of Gen. John Ross Key was first received. 
Middleburg is on the Western Maryland Railroad, 
forty-eight miles from Baltimore and fifteen from 
Westminster, in a fertile and thriving section of 
country. The merchants are Ferdinand Warner and 
H. D. Fuss; the physician, Dr. Charles Thompson; 
and the hotel-keeper, Lewis F. Lynn. A large pottery 
establishment is conducted by U. T. Winemiller. 

The congregation of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church, which is quite old, held its services in the 
old log school-house until 1850, when the church 
was built. Rev. William Keith was the pastor in 
1806, and was succeeded by Rev. Mr. Haslet, who was 
followed by Rev. J. J). Moore, Rev. William Ferguson, 
Rev. George Madewell, Rev. Charles West, Rev. Mr. 
Smith, and others. E. (). Elridge is the present 
pastor. The officers of the church are C. Brooks, 
Mr. Buffington, J. A. Miller, E. C. Utter. Attached 
to this church is a neat cemetery, and the following 
persons are buried there : 

Isaac Dern,dicd Marcb 9, ISGI.aged 75. 

Mary, wife of Joshua Delaplano, died Aug. 11, 1S02, aged S7 
years, 4 months, 20 day?. 

John Delaplane, born Aug. 10, 17'.!::, died Feb. Ill, 1S0S. 

Abraham L. Lynn, bora Aug. 13, 1S14. died April 5, 1S72. 

Anna. E., wife of I). II. Lynn, died Aug. 17, 1873, aged 20 
years, 7 months, 7 days. 

Anna It., wife of C. W. Winemiller, died April 7, 1870, aged 
32 years, 5 months, 19 days. 

Michael Magkley, bom April 1G, 1799, died Dee. 19, 1878. 

Joshua Parrish, died March 27, 18G2, aged 59 years, 7 months, 
21 days. 

John Wesley Wilson, born April 7, 1818, died Oct. 11, 1856. 

Mary Dayhoof, died Jan. 1, 1858, aged 47 years, 1 month, 13 

Joseph Dayhoof, died Feb. 1G, 1SG2, aged 57 years, IS days. 
William Koons, born July 2, 179 1, died Dec. IS, 1S52. 
John Nipple, born Jan. 27, 1815, died Dec. 31, 1S77. 
Margaret Souder, wife of Joshua S., died June IS, 1S50, aged 
9 years, 7 months, 14 days. 
Henrietta, wife of Evan C. Otts, died March 24, 185C, aged 


lie of 

• ■,1 Ja 

ag-1 SP. 


May 20, 186" aged 35 y 
31,lS6l,aged36 years, 4 

Frederick Dern, Jr., die 
months, 23 days. 

Mary J., his wife, died Mi 
IS days. 

Frederick, Sophia, John W., their thrco children. 

Ann P., daughter of J. and M. Winomiller, d.i< 
1859, aged lfi years, 2 l iths, 25 days. 

John II. Winemiller, died March 14, 1S79, aged 

jonths, 12 days. 
Susan Alice, the 

JohnN. F. Wine 

Sai ah llmt, died Ma 

)9, aged S years, 1 da 
d 77 years, 23 days. 
83 years, 4 months, I 


Elizabeth C. Hook, died June 13, 1858, aged S3 years, 14 

Kegina E., daughter of J. M. and Agnes McAllister, died 
Jan. 4, 1SG3, aged 16 years, 10 months, 1 day. 

Lavinn Margaret, wife of Abendago Flick, died Nov. 8, 
1S55, aged 27 years, 23 days. 

John W. McAllister, died Nov. 10, 1SS0, aged S2 years, S 
months, 12 days. 

Agnes McAllister, died Oct. 23, 1SS0, aged 75 years, 9 months, 
13 days. 

David Hope, died Nov. 1, 1S59, aged 57 years, 4 mouths, 22 

Keysville, a small village, received its title from 
the fact that the land upon which the old school- 
house and church were built was presented to the in- 
habitants by Francis Scott Key. 

Though the house in which Mr. Key was born has 
disappeared, a large barn and spring-house, which he 
built not long before he died, are still standing on the 
farm now owned by John Winemiller, and occupied 
by Jacob Went/.. 

Double Pipe Creek is on the Western Maryland I 
Railroad, fifty-one miles from Baltimore. Double j 
Pipe Creek, from which it takes its name, is near, I 
and furnishes water sufficient for milling and other 
purposes. The improvements receutly made indicate ! 
the zeal and energy of the people. Of the Dunker ' 
Church, here located, Revs. 1). Panel and Daniel R. 
Sayler are the preachers. The merchants are John j 
T. Ott, J. W. Weaut, and J. IT. Angell; the latter is 
also postmaster. The physician is Dr. Charles H. 
Diller. William T. Miller has a cooper's factory, and j 
C. B. Anders runs the flouring-niill. There are sev- j 
eral shops and local industries that give considerable j 
business to the place. 

The old stone mill at Double Pipe Creek, now j 
owned and operated by C. B. Anders, has stood since | 
1794, in which year it was founded by Joshua Dela- 
plaine, although it was not completed until 1800, as 
an inscription upon a stone in the " fire arch'' bears 
witness. Joshua Delaplaine was a manufacturer of j 
some note in hi Jay, and earned on not only the 
grist-mill, but a woolen -mill on the opposite side of ' 

the creek. The last-named structure still stands, but 
no looms have made music within its walls for these 
many years. In 183G, Henry Waspe built an addi- 
tion to the grist-mill, making it what it. now is. In 
1878, C. B. Antlers bought the mill and "other prop- 
erty of Thomas Cover. Mr. Anders was born at 
Double Pipe Creek in 1850, and in the old Delaplaine 
mill bis father, Aaron, was a miller many years ago. 
Aaron Anders removed to Linganore, and in the mill 
at that place followed his calling upwards of twenty- 
five years. C. B. Anders was placed in the Ling- 
anore mill when sixteen years of age, and has ever 
since followed the occupation of a miller. His mill, 
three stories in height, is furnished with four pairs of 
burrs, has a capacity of one hundred barrels of flour 
daily, and is devoted almost exclusively to merchant- 
work. The motive power is supplied by two turbine- 
wheels measuring, respectively, fifty-four and thirty- 
six inches in diameter, with a head of nine feet. The 
manufacturing apparatus includes all the latest devised 
mill improvements. All the barrels used arc manu- 
factured in the mill. The total number of employes is 
seven. Choice Red Longberry wheat is chiefly used 
in the production of flour for shipment, and in Balti- 
more the "Double Pipe Creek" brand ranks high. 
Mr. Anders owns also the old Delaplaine woolen-mill 
property, a brick residence on the Frederick County 
side of the creek, and two residences on the Carroll 
County side, besides the railroad warehouse. -His 
home, near the railway depot, is a handsome two- 
story structure of imposing appearance. He built it 
in 1878, and spared no expense to make it a model of 
its kind. It is a striking object in the architecture 
of the village, and is conceded to be one of the most 
completely appointed homes in Carroll County. 

Bruceville is a small village about the centre of 
the district. Long before the Revolutionary war. 
Normand Bruce, a Scotchman, emigrated to this 
country and settled in the Middleburg District, in 
the locality now known as Keysville. At that time 
the land in and about Bruccville was owned by John 
Ross Key. Bruce desiring the Key property for the 
purpose of building a mill on Big Pipe Creek, entered 
into negotiations with Key, which resulted in an ex- 
change of their estates. Bruce erected a large stone 
mill, which stood until February, 1881, when it was 
partially destroyed by fire. He also built a dwelling- 
house, the same which is now occupied by Frederick 
Mehring. The town was laid out by Bruce and 
named about the close of the eighteenth century. 
Bruce had three children, — Betsey, who married John 
Scott, the parents of the late 1 pton Scott, Mrs. Daniel 
Swope, and Mrs. John Brook Boyle. Charles Bruce, 

:\ .. ■ 

1 ; 

i ' 




; ' ; • 






of his sons, was born in Middleburg District, but ' 

rly life left this country and resided in the West 

[ndies. While on a visit to his birthplace he first i 
63 w his sister, she then being a wife with a large j 
family. Bruce was the third son. The Landis family 
Mine from Scotland in 1812, and located on a part of i 
the Key estate. John Landis, one cf the sons, who j 
is still living, was in Washington in the year 1814, | 
learning his trade, and was among the first who saw I 
the British fleet sailing up the Potomac. 

Nicholas Kuhen was the earliest blacksmith in the I 
town, and Jesse Cloud kept the hotel. Dr. Leggett. j 
was the physician, and Mr. Trego the merchant. 
Hudson and Brooks were prominent farmers who re- 
sided near the mill at. the time of its erection. 

What was at one time quite an extensive cemetery 
is at present a thick growth of underbrush, and con- 
tains only five graves the inscriptions upon which cau 
be deciphered:" 

Basil Brooks; eldest son of Raphael and Jane, died Jan. 24, 


bcrt T. 

Dodds, died April 17, 1S06, age 

1 71, "a nativ, 


County, Scotland, of Haddingt 

jn, of Aberlad 

,k Dod 

Is, his wife, "a native of Edii 

burgh, Seotlan 

April 2 

,1825, aged 73. 

, dii-l Oct. 17, is II'. 

Scott, died Feb. 28, 1814, aged 71. 

i stated that the body of Norm 

1 Bruce lies i 
true, it is unmarke 

this yard, but should the same 
by even a grave. 

Double Pipe Creek Division, No. 3C, of Sons of 
Temperance, was incorporated by an act of the Legis- 
lature, passed March 3, 1817. The incorporators 
were John E. fl. Ligget, George II. Warsche, Isaac 
Dern, Eli Otto, Noah Pennington, Benjamin Poole, 
Martin Grimes, -Nicholas Stansbury, Hiram Fogle, 
George Landers, James Thomas, William Carmack, j 
Abednego Slick, Francis Carmack, Joseph Fogle, ; 
Jesse Anders, William Miller, Edward Carmack, 
Samuel Birely. 

York Road is the station and post-ofBce for Bruce- , 
ville. It is a small village, at the junction of the j 
Western Maryland Railroad with the Frederick Di- J 
vision of the Pennsylvania Line Railroad, and is six- 
teen miles from Westminster by rail. David Hilta- 
bidle is the railroad and express agent and post- 
faster. Dr. M. A. Lauver is the physician. 

The following is the vote for local officers in this 
district from 1S53 to 1861, inclusive: 

1863. — Vote for Justices: Isaac Dern 113, David Otto 7."., David 
Hope G7, J. W. McAllister 57; Constable: John Six 105; 
Road Supervisor: J. W. Wilson 43, Thomas Hook 90, 

71, J. V. McAl 

me 123, Da \ 
■74: Consta 

Otto 128, Thou 

A. Slick 91 ; Road Supervisor: John Angcll 10!), II. Cla- 
baugb OS. 

1857.— For Justices: David Otto 174, John Del. .plane 144 j 
Constables : John Six 100, J. S. Shriner 149 ; Road Super- 
visor: Jacob Sayler 177. 

1859.— For Justices: Thomas Hook 93, John Delaplane 130, A. 
S. Zentz 140; Constables : John Six 15S, John A. Maokley 
148; Road Supervisor: Epbraim Hiteshue 163. 

1S61.— For Justices : Samuel ingell IS:', John Delaplane 181 ; 
Constables: John Six IS?. Samuel T. Linn 17S; Road Su- 
pervisor: Nicholas Koons 149, A. S. ZenU 81. 

The following are the public school trustees for 
1881 and 1882, together with the names of teachers 
and number of pupils : 

1. Mount Union.— John Shunk, J. Thaddeus Starr, Henry 

2. Middleburg.— Dr. C. Thomson, Lewis Lynn, Moses Sea- 

3. Brueoville. — lacob Buffington, John Biehl, M. F ringer. 

4. Franklin.— Samuel Waybright, Joshua Dutterer, Sylvester 

5. Keysville. — Aaron Wcant, Peter Writicr, Benjamin Poole. 
0. Doublo Pipe Creek.— .1. W. Wcant, A. N. Forney, Lewis 


The teachers fur the term ending April 15, 1881, 
were : 

1, W. J. Crabbs, 50 pupils ; 2, S. Jannelta Dutterer, 39 pupils ; 3, 
C. F. Rcindollar, 46 pupils; 4, S. Lina Norris, 41 pupils; 
5, Jauies B. Gait, 46 pupils ; 6. Luther Kemp, 27 pupils. 

The justices of the peace are Calvin Warner, Joseph 
Arnold ; Constable, Moses Seabrook. 


The Eleventh District of Carroll County, generally 
known as New Windsor, is bounded on the north by 
Uniontown District, on the east by Westminster, on 
the south by Franklin, and on the west by Frederick 
County and Union Bridge. Sam's Creek separates 
the district from Frederick County, and Little Pipe 
Creek flows east from Westminster through the north- 
ern portion. The Western Maryland Railroad passes 
directly through the district, and furnishes excellent 
facilities for trade and travel. In 1880 it contained 
2199 inhabitants. 

This district was created by an act of the General 
Assembly of Maryland, passed March 10, 1S5G, out 
of parts of the Second, Seventh, and Ninth Districts. 
Its boundaries were defined as follows : 

"Beginning at the interseclion of the coauty line with the 
Buffalo road at Sam's Creek, and running up a branch of said 
cre.k to a spring near the dwelling of Abraham Albaugh, Esq.; 
thence by a straight line to a point on the road hading from 
Mount Airy to Westminster, directly opposite the dwelling of 
Maj. Benjamin Gorsuch; theuce with said road to the Nicode- 
ini B»road; thence with said Nieodomus load westwardly to tbo 
house of A. Brown (colored) ; thence by a straight lino to Cas- 
sell's mill, on Liltle Pipe Creek ; thence down said creek to tho 
Melville mills; thence by n straight line to Upton Roop's saw- 







I C l-j l ■:. 



1), nod dc 

wii the branch; thcnco t 

i sail! Pipe 


ml with 


t" the br 

l s c on the 

ond leading 

from McK 


mills to 



thence by 

a straight Hue to the hi 

dge ov 

r Sam's 


cek, near 



ies; .thenc 

c up said creek, 

the county 

ine, to the ] 

laee of begi 


The same act established the Following pnuiary 
school districts: Priestland, No. 1 ; Greenwood, No. 
2; Snader's, No. 3; Bailes', No. 4; Carroll, No. 5; 
Wakefield, No. 6; Spriogdale, No. 7; and New 
Windsor, No. 8. 

Early Settlers.— " Park Hall," a tract of 2680 
acres, was surveyed for James Carroll in 1727. It 
lies between New Windsor and Sam's Creek, and was 
the first survey recorded in this portion of Maryland. 
Among the early settlers were Rev. Robert Straw- 
bridge, John Maynard, Henry Willis, David Evans, 
Hezekiah Bonham, John and Paul Hagarty, the 

Poulsons, Baxters, Durbins, Wakefields, Joshua Smith, I him speak in public, and 
Richard Stevenson, the Devilbisses, Naills,Nausbaums, j as a speaker he gave hi 

house of John Maynard, who was a Methodist, where 
he baptized his brother, Henry Maynard, aged six 
years, at a spring in the same year, — the first Meth- 
odist baptism in America. Henry Maynard died in 
1837, aged eighty-one years. The society formed by 
Mr. Strawbridge consisted of about fifteen persons, 
among whom were David Evans, bis wife ami si:-.ter, 
and Mrs. Bennett. The latter, who was living in 
1S56, aged eighty-nine years, described Mr. Straw- 
bridge as of medium size, dark complexion, black 
hair, and possessing a very sweet voice. When Mr. 
Asbury first visited the society, in 1772, he found 
there such names as Hagarty, Bonham, Walker, and 
Warfield. Hezekiah Bonham had been a Baptist 
until influenced by Mr. Strawbridge's preaching, when 
he became a Methodist, and was much persecuted 
by his former sect. At this time Mr. Asbury heard 
seeing that he had gifts 
license to exhort. He 

afterwards became a preacher, and in 1785 his name 
is in the minutes of the. Conference among the itin- 
erants. His son, Robert Bonham, was also a travel- 

Pearres, Nicodemuses, Buckinghams, Englars, Lam- 
berts, Roops, Michael Bartbolow. The tract of land 
known as " Cornwall," for 666 acres, patented in 17411, 

lies on Little Pipe Creek, and was purchased by Jo- j ing preacher. Paul Hagarty was a membi 
seph Haines and his brother. " Windsor Forrest," j Pipe Creek Society, as was also his brother, John 
of 2886 acres, was patented to John Horsey in 1772. j Hagarty, who became a traveling preacher, and could 

Rev. David Englar, a preacher in the Society of ' hold service in both German and English. Robert 
Dunkers, died August, 1830, aged sixty-seven years, j Walker had been converted by Mr. Whitcfield at 

The Strawbridge Pipe Creek, or Sam's Creek, j Fagg's Manor, Chester Co., Pa. He afterwards re- 


Methodist Episcopal Church was established in 1760, 
in Frederick County (now Carroll), the birthplace of 
American Methodism. At that time Frederick em- 
braced the counties of Montgomery, Washington, Alle- 
gany, Carroll, and Garrett, and in 1774 appeared the 
first record of the Frederick Circuit, which was in less 

moved to this county and joined the Pipe Creek So- 
ciety. He subsequently removed to Sandy River 

S. C, where he entertained Bishops Asbury and 
Whatcoat in 1800. Dr. Alexander .Warfield was 'a 
kind and useful friend to the organization. Mr. 
Asbury dined with him on his first visit to Pipe 

than a hundred years to expand until it encircled ; Creek, and Dr. Warfield's wife was a meml :r of Mr. 

with its Briarean arms every State and Territory | Strawbridge's first society. Rev. Lott Warfield, for- 

within the limits of the United States. For years it 
was a frontier circuit, extending as far as Fairfax 
County, Va., and the pioneer preachers who traveled 
it came, prepared to endure hardships and encounter 
dangers from which the advance of civilization has 
happily freed them. Its first appointments were Pipe 
Creek, Frederick-Town, Westminster, Durbin's, Sax- 




merly of the 1 

Not far from Pipe Creek lived William Du 
who with his wife joined the Methodists in 1 
Their house was an early stand for preaching, 
their son, John Durbin, was a traveling preacln 
the beginning of this century. In the same r< 

Seneca, Sugar-Loaf, Rocky Creek, Georgetown I lived George Sexton, whose house was .a preaching 

(District of Columbia), and Adams. 

Rev. Robert Strawbridge, the first Methodist 
preacher in America, was a native of Drummer's 
Nave, near Carrick-on-Shannon, County Leitrim, Ire- 
land. Upon his arrival in this country with his wile 
and children he settled on Sam's (.'reek. As soon 
as he had arranged his house he began to preach In 
it, as early as 1700, and besides his appointment 
in his own house he had another, in 1762, at the 

place at. that early date. Mr. Strawbridge al-o ex- 
tended his labors to Baltimore and Harford Counties, 
Samuel Merryman visited Pipe Creek, am! was con 
verted by the remarkable preacher who could pra) 
without a book and preach without a manuscript ser 
mon, which was regarded by many in that age am: 
place as an impossibility. From that day the old a" 1 
noted Merryman family of Baltimore County wen 

Methodists. Methodist pi 





dueed into Frederick Town by Mr. Strawbridge, on 
,,n invitation from Edward Drumgole, who, when he 
ciimo from Ireland in 1770, bore a letter to Mr. 
Btrawbridge, and beard him preach at Pipe Creek. 
Mr. Strawbridge was the first of Mr. Wesley's follow- 
ers to preach on tbe Eastern Shore, in 1709, at the 
house of John Handle, in Weston, Kent Co. He 
built up the first society of Methodists, and built the 
first Methodist chapel in America, which was on Pipe 
Creek. In 1764 a log 
meeting- house was 
-=-.-_ erected, about a mile 
from Mr. Straw- 
bridge's bouse. It 
■ was twenty-two feet 
square ; on one side. 
the logs were sawed 
out for a door, on 
tbe other three sides 
tliere were boles for windows, but it does not appear 
that it ever was finished. It stood without windows. 
door, or floor until 1844. when it was demolished, and 
hundreds of canes manufactured out of its logs. 
William Fort sent one to each of the bishops, then 
in New York, and one to Dr. Pond. 

Mr. Strawbridge continued to reside at Sam's Creek 
about sixteen years, and then removed to tbe upper 
part of Long Green, Baltimore Co., to a farm given 
him for life by the wealthy Cnpt. Charles Ridgely, by 
whom be was greatly esteemed, and who often attended 
Lis preaching. It was while living here, under tbe 
shadow of " Hampton" (Capt. Ridgely's beautiful seat), 
that in one of bis visiting rounds be was taken sick 
at the house of Joseph Wheeler and died, in the 
summer of 1781. His funeral sermon was preached 
by Rev. Richard Owings, to i vast concourse of peo- 
ple, under a large walnut-tree. His grave and that of 
Mrs. Strawbridge (who died in Baltimore) were in tbe 
small burying-ground, about eight miles from Balti- 
more, in tbe orchard south of tbe bouse, and a large 
poplar-tree has grown up between them as a living 

Mr. Strawbridge bad six children, — Robert, George, 
Theophilus, Jesse. Betsey, and Jane. Two of bis 
wns, George and Jesse, grew up and became carpen- 
ters. Bishop Asbury, on .Sunday, Nov. 22, 1772, 
preached in the log meeting-house on Pipe Creek, 
• ! in 1801, at the residence of Henry Willis, held 
• i- Conference. Daring the session of that Confer- 
'■'•"-■ be made the significant entry in bis journal, 
Here Mr. Strawbridge founded tbe (irst society in 
"aryland or America" underscoring tbe latter word. 
•Tii home of Mr. Strawbridsre was on the farm now 

owned by Charles Dcvilbiss, and the log chapel was 
on that now owned by Peter Cover, but when torn 
down was owned by Peter Engle. The site of this first 
American chapel is a few yards from Mr. Cover's 
barn, and is now a part of a corn-field, and is un- 
marked. David Engle is tbe only living man who 
has a personal knowledge of tbe exact site, and be 
assisted in removing the logs of tbe. rude fabric to 
another place;. During 18(50, the centennial year of 
American Methodism, denominational relic-hunters 
removed these logs, and thus every vestige of the 
building disappeared. Tbe last, log was presented by 
the Rev. Charles A. Reid to the Rev. Prank S. De- 
Hass, D.D., to be placed in the Metropolitan Method- 
ist Episcopal church at Washington, D. C, where it 
was converted into an ornament. Before they were 
taken away they were measured, and from their length 
it was inferred that this primitive structure was about 
twenty-four feet in length and breadth. A part of 
one of the logs was sawed out by Charles Devilbiss, 
who presented it to Rev. S. V. Leech, D.D., of Fred- 
erick Methodist Episcopal Church. He bad tbe 
remnant made into canes and mallets, which were 
presented to various parties as mementos. 

About twelve years ago the remains of Mr. Straw- 
bridge were removed to tbe " Preachers' Lot" in 
Mount Olivet Cemetery, Baltimore, and tbe beautiful 
monument that marks his grave was presented to the 
National Local Preachers' Association, through its 
president, Rev. Isaac P. Cook, by tbe late Rev. Geo. 
C. M. Roberts, M.D. 

Mr. Strawbridge did not own any land until March 
8, 1773, when, according to the county records, be 
purchased the fifty acres on which he bad resided 
for thirteen years from John England. The prop- 
erty was known as " Brothers' Inheritance" and 
" England's Chance," nor did he ever sell it. Neatly 
six years after bis decease bis only heir, Robert Straw- 
bridge, conveyed it to Richard Stevenson. This deed 
is dated Jan. 23, 1787. The log church of Straw- 
bridge, on Sam's, or Pipe Creek, was built two years 
before tbe chapel erected by Philip Embury in New 
York City in 1700, and was the first church building 
erected by the Methodists on tbe American continent. 
When Rev. Thomas S. Rankin, Mr. Wesley's envoy, 
met the preachers in Philadelphia in 1773, that first 
Conference in America ordered that no local preacher 
should administer baptism or the Lord's Supper, 
Robert Strawbridge only excepted and by name, and 
permission was given him to administer these rites 
under direction of tbe regular Weslcyan missionaries. 
Mr. Strawbridge was a brave, self-denying, and suc- 
cessful evangelist, and the site of bis rude log chape! 



is the Mecca to which annually hundreds of Moth- 
odtsts repair to view the cradle of their faith in this ' 
country. Four miles north of the site of the old Pipe, 
or Sam's Creek church of Robert Strawbridge stands 
the building known as "Stone Chapel." When Mr. 
Strawbridge's log structure was abandoned a small 
log chapel known as " PoulsonV'Tvas erected, which | 
was torn down in 17S3, and " Stone Chapel" built on j 
the site. It was the Pharos of Western Maryland 
Methodism during several decades. Memorable re- 
vivals have marked its history, and distinguished men 
of early Methodism have preached from its pulpit. 

Stone Chapel antedates the organization of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church in America. It is a 
two-story edifice, with small windows and galleries on 
three sides. There is on the front, high up, next to 
the apes, a tablet, ou which are Crst three stars, then 
the initials " J. D." (Jesse Durbio) ; below there is 
an eagle with the initials " C. B." (Benjamin Ben- 
nett) to its left, and beneath the inscription : 

••Bt. 17S3 
Rett. 1800." 

Jesse Durbin and Benjamin Bennett were very 
active in their efforts for its erection. 

This church is only a few feet from the Westmin- 
ster District line. Right opposite to it, on the other 
side of the road, is a small graveyard, in which are 

Abraham Koontz, died .Tan. IS, 1ST?., aged 83. 

John N. Koontz, died No*. 21, 1S73, aged 32. 

Eliza, wife of James Robertson, and daughter of Thomas and 
Mary Stevenson, died Feb. II, 1ST?, aged 39. 

Joseph Cushing, died Jan. 20, 1S73, aged S3; and his wife, 
Susan, died Ieb. J 4, 1871, aged 78. 

Mary, wife of Mahlon Bowers, died April 13, 1S74, aged 42. 

Jeremiah H. Smith, born Oct. 23, 1S35, died Dec. S, 1S74. 

Ann Poulsoo, diet! Dec. 21, 1ST;'., aged 78; 

Elizabeth Nieodcmus, died July 10, IS70, aged 71. 

Miiranda, wife of Joshua Selluian, died July 7, 1871, aged 6S. 

William Wagner, bun Aug. 9, 1S33, died April IS, 1875. 

Sarah Hooper, bom Jan. 10, 1793, died Feb. 8.1S75 (daughter 
of Michael and Ann Bartholow). 

Washington Barnes, son of Elisha and Amelia Barnes, born 
July 10, 1S04, died Oa. 25, 1S73. 

The neighborhood of the old Strawbridge farm is 
dotted with, venerable houses rich in early associa- 
tions. Near it is the old mansion of Alexander 
Warlield, Asbury's friend and host. The room 
where the great bishop slept is there, as is the table 
upon which he wrote his. journals. For twenty years 
that mansion was a circuit-preaching appointment, 
and Bishop Asbury visited it for the last time in 
1810. two year.- before his death. It is now occupied 
by Rev. C. A. Reid, whoso wife is Alexander War- 
Beld's granddaughter. 

1839. Henry 

glufl' was born in 
ndsor), Frederick 
1831; the eldest 

Near to it is the Willis house, where the Rev. 
Henry Willis died. Here Bishop Asbury held a Con- 
ference in 1801, attended by forty preachers. Willis 
preached as far north as New York and as far south 
as Charleston, S. C. Within a circuit of six miles 
are the residences of William, Jesse, and John bur 
bin, Joshua Smith, Adam Poulson, William Poulson, 
the Wakefield-. Baxters, Joseph, Jacob, and Leonard 
Cassell. Mrs. Henry Willis was the daughter of 
Jesse Hollings worth, and was born Feb. 9, 1769. 
Her six children were William, Jesse, Mary Yellott, 
Jeremiah, and Francis Asbury. Henry Maynard 
was born Aug. 17, 1759, and died i 
Willis died in 1800. 

Among the old settlers in this district 
Louis Philip Slingluff. Judge Slit 
Uniontown District (now New W: 
County (now Carroll), March 1J 
child of Isaac and Julianua (Euglar) Slingluff. The 
family is of German origin. His grandfather, Jesse 
Slingluff, was burn in Springfield township, Phila- 
delphia Co., Pa., Jan. 1, 1775. When a boy he re- 
moved to Baltimore, and eventually, under the. firm- 
name of Bohn & Slingluff, carried on an extensive 
grocery trade for many years in that city. He 
married Elizabeth Deardoff, of Adams County, Pa., 
by whom he had ten children, viz.: Charles D, 
Sarah Ann, Isaac, George W., Joseph, Esther Ann, 
Catharine, Elizabeth, Jesse, and Upton. Except 

Catharine and Elizabeth, who died when ; ng, all 

were married and raised families. Charles ]"). was a 
prominent merchant in Baltimore, and left a large 
family. George W. was a merchant and farmer in 
Canal Dover, Ohio. He left one son, now living 
there. Joseph was a prominent physician iu Canal 
! Dover. Two sons survive him and are still living 
I there. Esther Ann was wife of Joseph Poole; eight 
| children survive her. Upton was a merchant in Bal- 
I timorc. He left five children. Sarah Ann is tin- 
widow of Thomas E. Hambleton, residing in Balti- 

more. She has seven children. 


I' 1 ' 


of the Commercial and Farmers' Bank, of Baltimore, 
and has eight children. Isaac, father of Judge L. P-, 
was born in Baltimore, Aug. 5, 1*07. At the lino- 
Baltimore was threatened by the British in the war of 
1812-14, Jesse Slingluff moved his family from the 
city and settled on what was known as the " Avalon 
farm, in New Windsor. Having secured the safety 
of his family, be returned to give his services in the 
defense of the city. He became the owner of a large 
tract of land in New Windsor, and the latl 
his life were spent upon hisestate. He died June 30. 
1836. Both himself and wile are buried in Green- 


mount Cemetery, Baltimore. Upon the death of his 
father Isaac conic into possession of the " Avalon" 
frn:. He married Julianna, daughter of Philip 
Ko«lar, of New Windsor. Their children were Louis 


Philip, subject of this sketch; Marj Elizabeth, bom 

3«n. 27, 183a, widow of Jesse Weaver; four chil- 
dren ; Jesse, born April 14, 1835, died Oct. 9, 183ti ; 
Frances Hannah, born April 7, 1838, widow of Ezra 
Stouffer, living in Nov, Windsor; six children. Isaac 
Slingluff died April 30, 1852; his wife, Dec. 14, 

Upon the death of his father Louis Philip became 
the possessor of the " Avalou" farm, by purchase from 
the heirs. He was educated in Calvert College, New 
Windsor, under President A. H. Baker. Though 
thoroughly devoted to his occupation as a farmer, 
Judge Slinglufl has always taken a lively interest in 
the political questions of the day. He ha< been 
identified actively with the Democratic party since he 
became a voter. In 1S72 he was appointed by Gov- 
ernor William P. Whyte to fill the unexpired term of 
Judge Upton Hoop as judge of the Orphans' Court, 
and upon the expiration of that term was elected foi 
another term of four years. For the last six or seven 
years he has been one of the board of directors and 
the hoard of trustees of " New Windsor," formerly 
"Calvert," College. 

Though not a member of any church, the judge is 
a liberal contributor to the support of all churches 
and benevolent institutions of his neighborhood. He 
married, Oct. IS, 1855, Ellen, daughter of George 
W. Slinglufl', of Canal Dover, Ohio. Mrs. Slingluff 
died Sept. 8, 1S5G. He married for his second wife 
Margaret Alverda, daughter of Thomas and Catharine 
(Stouffer) Cromwell, March 19, 1.861. The latter 
was born Aug. 24, 1839, in Walkersville, Frederick 
Co., Md. Her grandfather, Philemon Cromwell, 
who was a descendant of Oliver Cromwell, came from 
Baltimore County, and settled in Frederick County, 
Md. Her father, after the death of his first wife, 
married again, moved to Tiffin, Ohio, and died there. 
Judge and Mrs. Slingluff have five children, viz.: 
Isaac Jackson, born Dec. 17, 1861 ; Thomas Crom- 
well, born Dec. 21, 18G2; Nellie, born June 24, 
1866; Catharine Cromwell, born Dee. 22, 1867; 
Robert Lee, born Jan. 14, 1S77; all living at home. 
Many Germans from the old country and Pennsyl- 
vania settled in this part of New Windsor District as 
early as the year 1750. They worshiped at their homes 
until the increase in their numbers necessitated the 
building of a church. George F. Winter, one of the 
prominent men at that time, generously donated an 
acre of ground, upon which, in the year 17G6, under 
the direction of the building committee, — Jacob 
Haines, Adam Swigart, John Engleman, and Mr. 
Prugh, — the church was erected. It is one and a 
half miles from New Windsor, on the road to Union- 
town. It was built by the Lutheran congregation, 
assisted slightly by the German Reformed congrega- 
tion, who were allowed to use the church for their 

The first pastor of whom there is any record was the 
Rev. Mr. Gruhb, who occupied this position in 1S00. 
He was followed by the Reverends Mr. Waebter, 
Reuben Weiser, and Mr. Kiler. After Mr. Kiler the 
congregation had no regular minister for some years, 
but was supplied with occasional preaching by ministers 
from Baltimore. Rev. Solomon Sentman, fearing the 
congregation would lose many of its members by this 
mode of ministering, organized a church council, and 
Rev. Philip Willard was appointed to the charge. 
The church at. this time was in the Taneytown 
charge, but was subsequently joined to the Westmin- 
ster charge. Rev. Mr. Reinsnider was the next, pastor, 
| and was followed by Rev. John Winter, who began 
his duties about the year 1848. He was succeeded 
in the year 1853 by Rev. Samuel Henry. Rev. Dr. 
Martin, Rev. If. C. Ilolloway, Rev. J. F. Deiner, 
Rev. A. Strobcl, R.ev. G. W. Anderson, and Rev. 
David B. Floyd, respectively. 



About the year 1S70 the church was again j Cat 
changed, and put in the Uniontowu Circuit, where it 
now stands. About eighty members worship at this 
church, and it. is in a very prosperous condition. The 
present trustees are Elmer Hyde, Ephraim Haines, 
Levi Winter, Win. Winter, Samuel Gilbert, Jonas 
Effert; Elders, Elmer Hyde, Levi Bankart; Deacons, 
Robert Davidson, John Wilhelrn. 

In the Winters Cemetery, which is attached to the 
church, the following persons are buried : 

,ged 81) years, 1 month, 

Jolm Lambert, .lied March 
23 days ; Ellen, his wife, died April -1, 1S29, aged 6S yei 

Jacob Haynes, died July 2, 1820, aged 73 years, 4 m 
10 days. 

Ester llt-ns, horn March 6, 1756, died March 0. 1804. 

Mary M. Greenwood, died Dec. 2, 1812, aged 63. 

Jacob Morman, born 1786, died ISO!. 

Rosnmia Shucy, died April 10, 1839, aged 83. 

Anna M. Greenholtz, died June 19, 1815, aged 63. 

Jacob Green! Itz, died aged 85. 

Catharine Greenholtz, die! aged 45. 

Rachel Grc--nhoits., died aged 75. 

John Greenholtz, died Wee. 20, 1870, aged 84. 

Uaac li. Nonis, died March 19, 1849, aged 04. 

Jacob Smelser, died May 19, 1819, aged 31 years, 9 m 

it lis 

12 days 

it days. 

Henry Haines, died Feb. 25, 1873, aged 8: 
Magdalena, his wife, died Sept. 2, 1808, a 
months, 25 days. 

Sarah, rolict of John Lantz, died Deo. 2, 1S74, aged 77 years, 
lu months, 22 days. 

Andrew Myers, died July 12, 1823, aged 3U years, 5 months. 

Mary Myers, died Aug. 27, 1817, aged 21 years, 7 months, 3 

j'eter Myers, died Feb. 22, ISM, aged 51 years, 21 days. 

Magdalena Myers, d.ed Jan. 14, 182'J, aged US years, a 
months, 10 days. 

Noah Woroian, died Oct. 9, 1868, aged S3 years, 5 months, 4 
days ; Catharine, his wife, born July 20, 1787, died Aug. 2, 

Rebecca Myers, died Jan. 1J, TSG7, aged 60 years, 1 1 months, 
11 days. 

John Engleraan, died April IS, 1841, aged 52 years, 7 months, 
4 days. 

Julia A. Sellman, died Juh 

Mary Fugleman, died JJ 

John Fngleman, Sr., died Dee. 2 

, 1SS0, aged 82. 

15, 1822, aged 67 y 


, 6 
years, 9 

Henry Shriner, died Sept. 25. 1823, aged 7 months. 

Mary Myers, born April 16, 1820, died Oct. 9, 1858. 

Jacob Myers, born July 29, 1787, died May 13, 1833 ; Mary, 
his wife, died Jan. 4, 1822, age 1 3 1 years, 4 months, 18 days. 

Martin Winter, died July 7, 187C, aged 72 years, months, 
C days. 

Catharine Winter, died Aug. 2(1, 1851, aged 77 years, 10 days. 

Jacob Winter, died Doe. 1, 1815, aged 58 years, 1 month, 18 

Elizabeth, wife of Ceo. Winter, died Jan. 10, 1SG0, aged 73 
years, 1 mouth, 20 days. 

Geo. Winter, Sr., died Aug. C, 1831, aged 45 years, 11 months, 
7 days. 


months, 19 days 
(.'. urge Game 

died Aug. 22, 1831, aged 47 year; 
Aug. 5, 1810, aged OR years, 8 mor.t 
id Feb. 2, 1839, aged 77 year--, 3 mont 
1828, aged 00 years, 
.Lambert, died March 

James Crawford, died Feb. 2, 
14 days. 

Catharine, his wife, died M 
months, 13 days. 

Charlotte. Boblets, daughter ot 
1830, aged 33 years, 5 days. 

Wm. Brawncr, died Aug. 1, 1828, aged 76; Catharine, 
wife, died Oct. 25, 1824, aged 69. 

Elizabeth Crawford, died Hoc. 2!, 1872, aged SO year 
months, 5 days. 

Elizabeth Randel, died Oct. 0, 1849, aged 67 years, S moi 
27 days. 

Mary, horn Sept. 21, 1S22, died March 30, 187' 

Abraham Lambert, died Sept. 3, 1802, aged 50 year 

Joshua Metcalf, born June 30,1787, died April 10, I 
Eleanor, his wife, born Feb. 21, 1799, died June S, 1804. 

Hand Shucy, died June 5, 1845, aged 45. 

Catharine Shucy, burn Aug. 2,J77s, died May 10, 1855. 

Margaret Kiler, died April 23, 1863, aged 51 years, 7 moi 
12 days. 

Rachel Blizzard, born Sept. 12, 1807, died May 31, 1874 

Mary TraxeH, died April 10, 1870, aged 95. 

Jacob Kiler, died Nov. 15, 1S44, aged 82 years, 9 month 

Simon Kiler, died Oct. 1, 1839, aged 73 years, 9 months. 

Elizabeth, wife of Jacob Kiler, died April 2. 1836, aged 

Fred. Buser, died June 21, 1821, aged 16. 

Josiah Prugh, died Aug. 7, 1813, aged 10. 

Lucia M. Prugh, died July 19, 1816, aged 67 years, 5 men 
3 days. 

Geo. Dagen, died Dec. 17, 1810, aged 72. 

Elizabeth Dagen, died .March 19, 1821, aged 32 ycal 
months, 9 days. 

Henry Cook, died Jan. 11, 1820, aged 71. 

Mary Swigart, died. March 5, 1835, age I SI. 

Michael Smolsor, die.l Nov. 10, 1831, aged 74 year 

Adam Swigart, bom 1724, died 1790. 

Adam Swigart, born Oct. 25. ITS i, died .March 17, 1S25. 

Adam Swigart, dbd Jan. 9, 1882, aged S2 year.-, 8 mon 

s, 4( 

.d 87 

Elizabeth Suigard, died Jan. 15 

Elizabeth Hanes, died March 
months, 9 days. 

Geo. Smolscr, bom Nov. 1, 1811, died April 2", 1872. 

Mary, wife of Michael Smelser, died July 25, 1830, age 
years, 7 months, 1 1 days. 

David Smelser, died Feb. 22, 1804, aged 03 years, 7 moi 
11 days. 

Mary Magdalei 

Barbara Long, 
25 days. 

Michael S. Noi 

Isaac N. Smcls 

John Lambert, died Ma 
1 day. 
Esther, his wife, died Ci- 


a, died Jan 
il IS, 1841, 

:., died Feb. 
, aged 5Sye;i 

3, IS 

,gcd 74 > cm- 

, 11 

died Dee. 9, 


Mary A., wife of Sa 


unbcrd, died Jan. 24, 185B, aged 

Pctei Geigor, bum May 19, ITS I, died Aug. 7 
He, his wife, born April 26, 1793, died Sept. C, 1S63. 
Magdalen Cool;, died June 4, 1s49, aged 9fi years, 4 day 


Thomas King, died July 26, 1879, aged 05. 
George Gislcinan, died June 19,1878, aged S4jcars,l, 
8 days; Regina, his wife, died Dee. 5, 1876, aged 80 years, 

2« .1:1 



Catharine Bayar, died Oct. 1. 1811, aged 48 ye 

.1. Faslcr, born 1781. 

Tobias Gearner, born 1754, died 1793. 

Margaret Gearner, born 1750, died 1807. 

[,rael Cook and Ephraiin, infants, died 1S20. 

David Brewer, died Jan. 7, 1S23, aged 19. 

Hcbecen Eck n, died 1820, aged 11 months. 

Michael, wife of John Brower, died June 22, 
rars , 7 months, 15 days. 

Richard Adains, died April 2, 1867, aged 6S. 

Hannah Adams, died Jan. 29,lS52,aged 52. 

Uwifi Boublets, born 1802, died 20, 1867. 

Elizabeth Frownfelter, died Nov. 26, 1879, aged 39 years, 6 
nonths, 7 days. 

Jacob '/,. Buchan, died May 24, 1813, died July ID, 1877. 

Michael Bagner, born 1723, died 1795. 

M. Bagner, horn 1725, died 17S9. 

J. Winter, died Oet. 13,1731, aged 61. 

John Winter, died June'3* 1827, aged 4.3 years, 5 months, 26 

u Wi:.i. 

died Ma 

1810, age 


Fml. Milins, born in Et/.dmT, kingdom of Saxony, Germany, 
Sept. 15, 1767, died Oct. 28, 1S52 ; Mary E., his wife, born 
Dee. 10, 1785, died Not. 21, 1874. 

John Shannon, died March 28, 1853, aged 65 j Sarah, his 
wife, died April 21, 1S59, aged 75. 

Samuel Townsend, died June 11. 1825, aged 21 years, 10 


end, died May 16, 1835, aged 30 ye 


Thomas Xownsend, died Nov. 10, 1851, aged 73 years, 3 
months; Elizabeth, his wife, born Aug. 28, 1770, died April 
27, 1S50. 

Joseph Winter, born Feb. 9, 1797. died Dec. 2, 1863. 

Elizabeth Engleman, died Dec. 16, 1879. aged 89 years, 8 
tuu&ths, 1 1 days. 

M irj Engleman, died April 20, 1S79, aged 85 years, 6 months, 

Engleman, died Nov 

8 days, 
l'curce, died Dee. 5, 

icth Pearee, died Oct 
22 .lays. 

1S70, aged 7S years, 11 
aged 53 years, 3 months, 
1852, aged 72 years, 10 
born March 6, 1829, died 

Sjrub A., wife of Elmer Hyi 
April 1, 1875. 

l-a..e Hyde, born Jan. 9, 1798, died March 3, 1872; Mary, 
fail Wife, died May 14, 1S70, aged 74 years, 1 month, 29 days. 
Jonathan Hyde, died July 31, 1802, aged 75. 
Ann Hyde, born June 16, 172S, died July 8, 1812. 
Elizabeth Hyde, born Juno 3, 1765, died Dec. 14, 1814. 
Ann Hy,l c , died March 22, 1 ?5S, aged 87 years, 3 months, 23 

>">■»■ Engleman, died Ms 
Ve Mering, died Oct. 21, 1S6S 
'■■"< Frownfelter, born Auj 
5l«lene Herman, born Dec. 27, 

,1. 27, 1S77, aged 39 ye 

Francis Wagner, died Oct. 7, 1809, aged 34 years, 4 months, 

4 days. 

l'etcr Naee, died June 15, 1866, age,] 53. 
George Wilhelin, died Feb. 17. 1872, aged 3 1 years, 10 months, 
16 days. 

Sophia ],. WilUelm, born April 27, 1895, died Feb. 7, 1875. 

Helper Grammer, born April 14, 1790, died April 17, 1809; 

j Margaret Grammer, his wife, died Oct. 5, 1S0S, aged 83 years, 

5 mouths. 

Adam Fuss, died Aug. 28, 1S79, aged 00 years, 2 months, 17 

Louisa Muller, died Jan. 21, 1880, aged 61 years, 9 months, 

New Windsor. — This town is twenty-eight miles _ 
from Baltimore, ami is the commercial centre of the 
district. It is in an exceedingly fertile section of 
the county, and a branch of Little Pipe Creek passes 
along its outer edge. It is one of the important sta- 
tions on the Western Maryland Railroad, has a bank, 
two institutions of learning, a number of churches, a 
warehouse, some well stocked stores, and contains a 
population of more than 400 inhabitants. In the 
immediate vicinity there are a number of lime and 
stone-quarries, and some valuable mills. The town 
was incorporated by an act of the General Assembly 
of Maryland, passed Jan. 25, 1814. 

On March 15, 1817, Joshua Metcalfe took charge 
of the Merino factory, a valuable property, formerly 
carried on by Silas Hibberd, near New Windsor. Mr. 
Metcalfe had been foremau in the factory for many 
years. Aug. 22, 1317, Charles W. Pcarre, who had 
been in business for a number of years, notified all 
those in debt to him to call and settle at. Lemuel 
Pearre's store their accounts by September 20th. 

The following advertisement, appeared in the Star 
of Federalism of Nov. 19, 1810: 

"Gehmas Redemptioxehs. — About one hundred and sixty 
German Redemptioncrs, who are principally young people, 
and among whom are farmers and tradesmen of every kind, 
have just arrived in the Dutch ship ' Batavia,' Capt. B. Ehlers. 
Apply to the captain on board at the Cove, Spring Garden, or 
to Chas. W. Karthaus A Co., 50 South Gay Street, Baltimore." 

Of these redemptioncrs, several -who were bought 
came to this region and settled in the rear of the town 
of New Windsor. ' 

The first physician in New Windsor was Dr. 
Kobert Dodds, a native of Scotland, who died July 

New Windsor was formerly called " Sulphur 
Springs," in consequence of an excellent mineral 
spring on the farm of Isaac Alice, now owned by 
Dennis II. Mayuard. The first officers of the town, 
who were elected to serve from 1844 to 1S45, were: 



Ecker, Jes.-e Lambert, Isaao 
uwel Hoffman, collector, 
jauiuel Hoffman, Jesse Lam- 

Hoi], Je 

t, Andre 
,v, Andre 

-7;.— Peter Bails, burgess. 
lant, James Dcvilbiss. 
-73.— The same re-elected. 

Lewi- D'h 

—Peter Bo 
r, James 1) 
—P. Baile, 

a, burgess ; I,e 


cob Fr 

\V. A. N.j 

Henry W. litll, burgess : Sn 

Bliszard, commissioners 

1845-46.— H. W. Dell, burgi 

belt, Samuel Eeke 1 ', commissioners 
1810-17.-Samuel Ecker, burgess : H. ' 

1847-4S.— Jonas Ecker, burgess; Jesse Laml 

Baker, Samuel Ecker, commissioners. 
1848-40.— Jonas Eckcv, burgess; Thomas. Bar! 

linker, Lewis Fowler, commissioners. 
1849-50.— II. W. Dell, burgess; Jesse Lambert, Jonas Ecker, 

Lewis Fowler, commissioners. Dell resigned, and Samuel 

Hoffman was appointed in bis place. 
1850-51— Jonas Ecker, burgess; II. W. Dell, Nathan Ilaanti, 

Jesse. Lambert, commissioners. 
1851-02.— Jonas Ecker, burgess; Henry Gcaty, N. Hanna, 

Jes.-e Lambert, commissioners. 
1852-53.— Jonas Ecker, burgess; Jesse Lambert, William E. 

Curry, William Delphcy, commissioners. 
1853-5J.— The same re-elected. 
1854-55.— Jonas Ecker, burgess; Jesse Lambert, Elijah En- I -r, • . ,o„ r .1 

W D 11 si Prior to 1871 one of the commissioners served as a 

1801-02.— Henry Geaty, bnrgess; Ezra Stouffer, Levi N. Sna- j clerk to that body, but since that date Lewis Dielman 

der, Jesse Lambert, commissi) 
1S62-GX— Jacob Rood, bur; 

uel II. 

1876-77.— P. Baile, burgess; William 

Dr. J. F. B«ffington, commissioners. 
1877-78.— Charles P. Baile, burgess; W. A. Norri 

Yansant, Jeremiah Bailey, commissioners. 
1878-78.— Peter Baile, burgess; Lewis DielmaD, Sa 

man, Jacob Frownfelter, commissioners. 
1S79.— Peter Baile, burgess; Jacob Frownfelter, George S. Gitt, 

C. P. Baile, commissi :rs. 

1SS0-81.— Peter Baile, burgess; George A. Gilt, F.J. Devilbiss, 

James Lambert, commissioners. 
1 SSI.— Pct-r Baile, burgess ; Jacob Frownfelter, Charles E. Nor- 

ris, C. C. Eugcl, commissioners. 

Levi N. Snader, Ezra Stouffer, 
ss ; Dr. Buffington, Joseph A. 
<e Lambert, Lewis 

N. Hanna, commissioners. 
1863-64.— James Earhart, burgess 

Stouffer, Jesse Lambert, comn 
1864-65.— Levi N. Snroler, buig. 

Shully, Daniel Stouffer, commissioners. 

By an aet of the March session of the General As- 
sembly of Maryland, the charter of the corporation 
was revived, and the limits extended as follows: 

"Beginning at a sycamore-tree on Dickinson's branch, op- 
posite the foot of Main Strict, southeast of said branch to the 
mouth of Kay's branch; thence with the northeast side of the 
mill dam to Chew's bridge, leaving the dam and bridge out- 
side of the corporation; thence northeast on the west side of 
the road to the division line between Jesse Lambert and E. W. 
Englar, leaving said road outside of said corporation ; thence 
with said line to a point directly opposite the line between An- 
drew H. Baker and Josiab Hibbert, 011 the east side of Calvert 
College; thence from this point northerly through the lands of 
A. H. Baker, and the division hue between the said Baker and 
Hibbert, to the northeast corner of the lands of said Baker, to 
a ten-pin alley, and westwaully with the lines between said 
Baker and Hibbert, Frownfelter, and othors to the lands of D. 
H. Maynard ; then with straight line parallel with said May- 
nard's garden fence, and with it to said Maynard's outer gate; 
thence with a straight line 


in 'Gomery Cou: 

sycamore-tree, the place of : the English closed I 
Then 1 was sixteen y 

has occupied that position. 

A correct list is given of thirty-one persons, living 
within a radius of live miles of New Windsor in 1879, 
who had lived to the age of seventy years and up- 
wards : 

Males.— William Engleman, 82; Jacob Bauble, SS ; Israel 
Switzer, 74; Abner Baile, 71; Israel Norris, SO; Samuel 
McKinst.ry, 71 ; Samuel Winter. 79; Jacob Snader, 7i: 
Joseph Stouffer, 73; Daniel Lambert, 72; Esau Randall, 
90; D. Woodegaul (colored). SS; David Crumbaeker, 77; 
David W. Naill, SI ; Joshua Warfield, S2 : Josiab Hibbcrd, 
70; Thomas King, 70; David Engel, 77. Females.— Mrs. 
Sallio Wolfe, 92 ; Eliza oeth Eckiuan, SS ; Elizabeth Shrincr, 
S3; Elizabeth Crumbaeker, St; Elizabcjk Engleman, S9; 
Mary Diehl.'.Mi; Julia Earhard, 70 ; Polly Engleman, SO; 
Nelly Engleman, 71 ; Honor Williams, S2 ; Nancy Sanders 3 
(colored), 110; Rebecca Crow], SO; Sally Baile, 70. 

The First. National Bank of New Windsor was 
chartered in 1S60. lis officers have been : President, 
Thomas F. Shopped ; Cashiers, Joseph A. Stouffer, 
Nathan H. Baile; Directors, Job Hibberd, Solomon 

1S67.— Joseph A. Stouffer, burgess ; A. 11. Baker, Dr. J. F. Buf- 

Ongton, E. S. Stouffer, commissioners. 
1868-69 A. H. Baker, burgess; Dr. J. F. Buffington, E. S 

Stouffer, Joseph Stouffer, commissioners. 
1869.— Jesse Lambert, burgess; Jacob Frownfelter, Jesse 

Haines, Charles P. Baile, commissioners. 
1S70-71. — Fesse Lambert, bnrgess; Charles P. Baile, Jacob 

Frownfelter, Jesse Haines, commissioners. 

•During the year 1S55 the corporation died out, but in 1SC0 
Jacob It 00 fi was elected mayor or burgess; Dr. John Buffing- 
ton, Daniel Stouffer, aud Winson Brown, commissioners. 

woman residing at Landis' Mill, in 
inged to Mr. George Robeson, way 
d about the time the first wa' with 
Carroll County, on Sam's Creek. 
s sixteen years old. In n few years there was mi. 
other war with the English, and just as Mr. Peter Naill, Lud. 
Greenwood, and Massa Ctemson Skyles were about to start to 
jine the army, the English captain was killed down near Balti- 
more, and then the war stopped." Judging from her account, 
she was born in 1707, was sixteen years of ace when the Revo- 
lutionary war ended (in 17S3). and is consequently one hun- 
dred and fourteen years old now. She says if she was not in 
such a bad state of health she could do more work than any 
woman in the comity. She claims that her ago dues not huit 
her, for she can thread a needle, and laughs at her youngest 
son, George, who is sixty, because be wears spectacles. Iter 
mind seems clear on all subjects, except she thinks some one 
has put a "spell" on hor. 



S. Eeker, Samuel Hoffman, Upton Hoot, Peter Engle, 
and Joseph H. Hibberd. 

New Windsor was thrown into a state of intense 
excitement Saturday morning, Jan. 23, 1S6S, by the 
discovery that the bank had been robbed. For some j 
days previous two strangers had been in the neigh- 
borhood, who represented themselves as drummers for 
Baltimore houses. About two o'clock on Saturday j 
morning a physician who was called up to see a patient 
saw a man standing near the bank building, and al- j 
though it was unusual to see any person on the street j 
ai that hour, he suspected nothing wrong. Saturday j 
morning the officers of the bank went as usual to j 
their place of business, but discovered that the safe | 
could not be opened. One of them immediately j 
.-.tarted for the city of Baltimore, and called on the j 
independent police firm of Smith, Pierson & West. [ 
The detectives went immediately to New Windsor, 
and found that the lock had been successfully picked, 
and that important portions of it had been removed. 
Upon opening the safe it was apparent that the whole 
contents had been removed. 

Ninety-nine thousand dollars in all had been taken, j 
Of this amount ninety thousand dollars were in the I 
following securities, which were the property of pri- 
vate parties, and had been deposited with the bank for 
^.i ft -keeping : 

United States five-twenties of 1S62, Nos. 3260, 
7650, of five bundled dollars each ; United States 
five-twenties of 1804, Nos. 39,663, 20,152, 20,1 53, 
20,154, one thousand dollars each ; United States five- i 
twenty bonds of 1S0.5. January and July, Nos. B, j 
64,031; A, 2881; E, 177,342; B, 70,191; B, j 
57,982, of five hundred dollars each ; United States 
len-forties, No. 19,747, of five bundled dollars; 
Central Pacific Railroad bonds, first mortgage, Nos. i 
P, 7648; F, 4561; F, 4562; G, 8978; G, S9S1 ; > 
'• B9S2; G, 8971; G, 8972; F, 4571; F, 4572; 
''■ 4509; F, 7048; UnioYi Pacific Railroad, Nos. 
-:^2, 9417, 9419, 9416, 8487, 8491, 725S, 7259, 
**86, amounting to §13,931.56; Western Maryland j 
Kailroad first mortgage, bonds, Nos. 93, 125, 107, of 

■ ■•■• thousand dollars each ; Nos. 447, 44-1, 449, 555, ' 
*43, 564, 525, 559, 526, 566, 441, of five hundred 
dollars each ; Western .Maryland Railroad second 
mortgage bonds, indorsed by Washington County, 
N ' 11, 13, 78, 81, 1, 47, 43, 44, of one thousand ' 

lar =J each ; 7, 07, 68, 670, of five hundred dollars 
" ''• ; 761, 090, of one huudred dollars each ; VVash- 

■ -"■'" County bonds, Nos. 65, 66, 91, 39, 7, 55, of 

""ousand dollars each ; 33, 30, 04, 05, 00, 07,31, ' 
- ; 30, 37, 53, of five hundred dollars each ; 53, 51, 
*''■ "f one hundred dollars each : New Orleans and i 

Opelousas Railroad first mortgage, Nos. 902, 903, 
967, 90S, 1803, 999, 428, 210, 427, 998, 1806, 
1592, 1610, 1593, 1599, 1479, 188, 1807, 900, 
1804, 972, 1805, 474, 209, 997, 900, 475, of one 
thousand dollars each ; and others. 
. The remaining nine thousand dollars were in green- 
backs, of the denominations of one thousand dollars 
and five hundred dollars, and were the property of 
the bank. 

An examination of the premises disclosed that the 
burglars had but little difficulty in gaining access to 
the bank. The upper part of the house was not oc- 
cupied, and the entrance was effected through a 
second-story window, after which, with the aid of 
burglar's tools, the doors were easily opened.' One of 
the tools, a jimmy, made with a screw-thread on one 
end, by which it could be converted into a brace, was 
found on the premises, where it had been left. The 
robbery was done by expert burglars, and it is sup- 
posed the arrangements for its consummation had been 
perfected for some time, so easily and thoroughly was 
it accomplished. Messrs. Smith, Pierson & West 
took charge of the matter at once. 

A new and elegant light j agger- wagon, b:idly 
mashed, was found beyond the limekiln, close to Law- 
rence Zepp's entrance, near Westminster. William 
S. Brown found tied to his garden fence a very fine 
horse with a set of silver-mounted harness on him. 
The harness and blankets were new and of costly 
make. The impression was at the time that the 
robbers had intended to meet an accomplice here. 
The burglars left New Windsor in a hand-car, and 
ran down to within a mile of Westminster, at Hollow 
Rock limestone-quarries. Here they threw the car 
off the track, and walked to Westminster, where they 
took the early train For Baltimore. A reward of ten 
thousand dollars was offered for the apprehension of 
the robbers. The detective learned that several per- 
sons, whose description he had with him, had regis- 
tered at the hotels in Baltimore at different times pre- 
vious to the robbery, and no doubt remained on his 
mind that these were the robbers. The police in pros- 
ecuting the search visited Philadelphia, and gave the 
detective force there a description of a man whose 
identity could be established more readily that that of 
the others, and asked the co-operation of the Philadel- 
phia officers. The latter recognized in him Jlark 
Schinbourn, a notorious New York burglar, who was 
then in New York, and for whose apprehension the 
New Hampshire authorities were offering ■„ reward of 
one thousand dollars, he being an craped convict from 
that State. An additional reward was also offered 
for bis arrest by the Lehigh Coal and Navigation 



Company, from whose office at White Plains lie had 
stolen fifty-six thousand dollars' worth of bonds. The 
Baltimore detective officers, in continuation of their 
investigation, went to New York, and applied for as- 
sistance to the chief of police, relating the circum- 
stances and their suspicion of Schinbourn. Nothing 
further was heard of the robbers or their booty for 
about two weeks, at which time a man appeared at 
the New Windsor Bank with ninety thousand dollars 
of the missing securities, which he paid over, with 
a deduction of twenty per cent, (nineteen thousand 
dollars) for his trouble and expense. It then leaked 
out that Schinbourn and an associate named McQuade 
had been arrested, and were confined in the New York 
Police Central Office for about a week, and it is said 
when they turned over the securities they were allowed 
to depart in peace. 

New Windsor College, situated in the heart of 
one of the healthiest and most picturesque sections J 
of Maryland, was chartered in 1843 by the Presby- j 
terians. In 1852 it was reorganized by Andrew J. 
Baker and others, and though still under the auspices ' 
of the Presbyterian Church is not a sectarian iustitu- j 
tion, the pupils being allowed to worship in accordance 
with their religious convictions. The buildings are 
commodious, and fitted with all the modern appliances j 
for health and comfort. The institution has prepara- | 
tory and cjllegiate departments, to which both sexes , 
are admitted, with such restrictions only as the nature j 
of the case demands. Rev. J. P. Carter was the first 
president. He was succeeded in 1852 by Andrew J. 
Baker, who presided until 1877, when Rev. A. M. 
Jelly, D.D., the present excellent principal, took 

The college suffered greatly during the war, and 
for some years afterwards from financial embar- 
rassments, but through the able management of Br. 
Jelly it weathered the storm and entered upon a 
career of prosperity and usefulness. The college is j 
essentially two separate institutions with two boards j 
of instructors, located on the same ground and under | 
the same general management, and thus parents are i 
enabled to educate both their sous and daughters 
without separating them. The students enjoy the ] 
advantage's of a large and well-selected library and 
the " William Andrews" cabinet of geology, contain- 
ing twenty thousand specimens. 

There are three literary societies,— the Alexandrian, j 
in the academical department; the Minnehaha, in the 
Ladies' Seminary ; and the Uniou Society, composed j 
of the other two, which meets once a week for mental ' 
culture. The faculty is composed of graduates from 
laic, Princeton, Wooster University, University of I 

Maryland, and Washington and Jefferson College, as 
well as from the best female schools. 

During the college year Joseph T. Smith, M.D., o! 
the University of Maryland, delivers twice a we i: 
lectures upon anatomy, physiology, and hygiene, ai; .] 
there is a course of lectures during the session on 
general topics. The institution has also a printing 
department, under the management of W. 1(. A, 
Kohl, of Baltimore, where the college printing \. 

The curators are 

Rev. John C. Backus, D.t)., LL.D., Baltimore j Rev. Joseph 
T. Smith, P.D.. Baltimore; Rev. John Leyburn, B.D. 
Baltimore; Rev. J. A. Lefevrc, D.D., Baltimore ; Rev. 
H. Fulton; Rev. J. P. Carter, Baltimore; Rev. J. I. 
Leftwitoh, Ro\. J. S. Jones, D.T)., Rev. W. T. Brantly, 
D.D., Rev. ]». ,1. Bcalo, Rev. W. II. Gill, Rev. George 
E. Jones, Rev. Joseph F. Jennison, W. W. Spenee, Esq., 
W. S. Carroll, Esq., W. B. Canfield, Esq., E. M. Cole, 
Esq., C. Dodd McFarland, Esq., John L. Reed, Esq., E. II. 
Perkins, M.D., all of Baltimore; Rev. Byron Sunderland, 
D.D., Washington, D. C; Rev. John R. Paxron, H.k, 
Washington, D. C. ; Rev. Win. Simonton, Emmittsbu; 
Md.; Robert L. Annon, M.D., Emuiittsburg, Md.; E. Hall 
Richardson, M.D., Belair, Ml.; Rev. II. II. William?. Ar 
liugton, Md.; Hon. Alexander 11. Stephens, Georgia ; Rev, 
J. A. Rondthaler, Hagerstown, Md. ; Rev. George Morn- 
son, Aberdeen, Md.; Rev. Joseph Nesbitt, Lock Haven, 
Pa.; Rev. John Ewing, Clinton, N. J.; S..D. Bull, Esq., 
Loek Haven, Pa.; J. B.Skilling, M.D., Lonaconing, 51 I 
T. W. Simpson, M.D., Liberty, Md.; lion. Thos. C. Action, 
Now York City; Rev. Wm. H. Cooke, Havre de Grace, 
Md.; Rev. Tin's. Nelson, Madonna, Md. ; Rev. Win. T. I 
Kieffer, Churchville, Md.; Rev, W. H. HorUell, Gicn- 
ville, Md. 

Trvttea.— Hon. L. P.JSIingluff, president; Rev. A. M. Jelly, 
D.D., vice-president, New Windsor; D.P.Smelser, Jame 
Erhard, Joseph A. Stouffer, Job Hibberd, Jeremiah Baik, 
Levi N. Snader, Solomon S. Ecker, Rev. Wm. Louis Wo i 
ruff, secretary, all of New Windsor. 

Faculty and Instructors.— Rev. A. M. Jelly, D.D., president, 
Professor of Menial and Moral Philosophy; Rev. W 
Louis WoodruR", A.M., vice-president, Professor of Physi 
cal Science and Greek; James B, Green, A.B., Pr..i. - 
of Latin an ! Mathematics.; J. I. B. Woodruff, lustra,- : 
Mathematics; Joseph T. Smith, M.D., Professor of Ai • 
omy, Physiology, Hygiene, and Chemistry; W. L. Wood- 
ruff, Instructor in Book-keeping, Bunking, Com'.m 
. Forms, Type-writing; Charles Gola, Professor of Musi: 
J. B. Greene, Instructor in German Language. The |o\ 
dent and vice-president, Instructors in Rhetoric and 1 : ' 
tion. The vice-president, Custodian of the Library. •'• '• 
C. Bond, Attorney-ftt-Law, Resident Counselor; J. '■ 
Burlington, M.D., Resident Physician. 

Boardqf Instructors.— Ladies' Seminary.— Rev. A. M. .'■■'■ 

D.D., president; Rev. Wm. I is Woodruff,' A.M. . ' 

president; Mrs. A. M. Jelly, principal of the seuiiu . 
Mrs. J.I.B. Woodruff, Eindeigitrtner, assoi late pi 
James B. Greene, A.B., Professoi of Mathematics nud ' 
man; Miss Nannie W. McVeigh, Teacher of Cn.u'h: 
Branches, French, and Music; Joseph T. Smith, 51 ' 
Professor of Anatomy, Physiology, Hygiene, and l""' 
istry; Rev. Win. Louis Woodruff, A.M., Instructor : 


.' '' / 




Physical Development, Calisthenics, and Gymnastics; 
Charles Gola, Professor of Music. Special instructors in nor- 
mal and Kindergarten training, type-writing, telegraphy, 
phonography, book-keeping, and penmanship. Special 
artists in drawing, painting, wax flowers, and fancy work. 
Miss Kate L. Miller, matron; J. F. Baffinglon, resident 

Calvert College, in the town of New Windsor, 
for many years one of the finest classical schools in 
tlie State, was under the auspices of the Catholic I 
Church, and was noted for the thoroughness of its 
academic departments. Many of the leading men 
nf the State and county were here educated, among 
whom were Hon. Charles B. Roberts, of Westminster, 
Dr. Roberts Bartholow, of Jefferson Medical College, 
Philadelphia, and Dr. Hanson M. Drach. 

Sulphur Spring Lodge, No. 130, I. 0. 0. F., was 
instituted in August, 1878, by the following charter 
members: Gustavus Barnes, Clias. P. Myers, Johu 
W. Myers, P. J. Bennett, Samuel Harris, Lewis H. 
Greenwood, David Nusbaum. The first, officers were : 
X. G., Gustavus Barnes; V. G., C. F. Myers; See., 
J. W. Myers. The lodge then numbered nine mem- 
bcrs. The officers from January to July, 187SJ, were: 

Chas. F. Myers. N. G. ; J. Myers, V. G. ; C. C. Ingle, See. ; Lewis 
II. Greenwood, Treas. July, 1879, to January, ISSO, N. G., 
J. II. Myers; V. G., L. II. Greenwood; Sec, C. C. Ingle; 
Treas., L. Greenwood. January to July, 188(1, N. G., 
Lewis H. Greenwood; V. G., 0. C. Ingle; Sec., 1>. C. 
Ingle; Treas., Jesse Crawner. July, 1880, to January, 
1SSI, N. «., C. 0. Ingle; V. G., W. B. Bowovsox; See... 
C. C. Repp; Treas., Eph Haines. January to July, 1881, 
N. G., W. C. Boweisox ; V. G., Jesse Crawner ; Sec., J. W. 
Myers; Treas., IT. Geatty. 

The lodge now numbers thirty members in good 
Handing, which is a showing of an increase of twenty- 
one members in three years. They hold their meet- 
ings in the Town Hall, on Bath Street. The preseut 
officers are: N. G., Jesse Crawner; V. G., Chas. T. 
Repp; Sec., C. 0. Ingle; Treas., D. 0. Bankard. 

The Methodist Episcopal Church was incorporated 
Feb. 17, 1844, by the General Assembly of Mary- 
land. The first trustees were Andrew Nicodcmus, 
I>avid Cassell, Jeremiah Bartholomew, Dr. J.L. War- 
field, H. W. Dell, Thomas Devilbiss, Cooper Devil- 
w«, Daniel Danner, and H. A. Davis. The pastors 
'•-■> 1881 were Revs. J. A. Faddeti, Howard Downs. 
St. Thomas' Catholic church was built by Rev. 
Thomas O'Neill about 1861. He was the priest then 
' e "arge of the Carroll County mission. From No- 
rt, ""Cr, 1S62, to 1879, Father John Gloyd had 
'-'• of this church, and since then Father John T. 
! ' »«y, of Taneytown, under whose ministrations the 
'• c, lurches have formed one mission since 1879. 
no 1 resbyterian cemetery surrounds the Presby- 

terian church, and the following, among others, are 
buried there : 

Joshua C. Gist, born Sept. 15, 1792, died March 27, 1*78. 
Samuel J. Atlee, died Aug. 10, 1861, aged 69 years, 1 month, 
15 days. 

Augusta A. Atlee, bora March 22, 1840, died Dee. 11, 1802. 

Isaac Richardson Atlee, son of Col. Samuel John Atlee, of 

the Revolutionary war of 177.% born 17C7, died IS 12, aged 82. 

Mary Clemson, wife of Isaac II. Alice, born 1769, died 1834, 
aged 01. 

Win. Richardson Atlee, attomcy-at-law, brother of Isaac R. 
Atlee, and son-in-law of Maj.-Gcn. Anthony Wayne, of the 
Revolution! ry war, born 1764, died 1844, aged SO. 

James C. Atlee, born Aug. 1 !, 170S. died May :!, 1855; Sarah 
S., hi- wile, born May.S, 1809, die.l Kov. 1, 1870. 
Elhanan Stouller, died Dee. 27, 1877, aged 34. 
John Lambert, born Sept. 19, 1S3G, died Juno i, 1S09. 
Jacob Hull, bom June 12, 1782, died May 1, 1S53. 
AnnaM., wife of Jacob Wikcrt, died March 20, 1S71, aged S3 
years, 10 months, 7 days. 

William Hull, born Dee. 13..1S24, died Sept. 20, 1S53. 
Mary A.H., wife of Win. Mitien, died Dee. 14, 1874, aged 04. 
B. F. Bartholow, died at Henderson, N. C., May IS, 1873, 
aged 39. 

Jeremiah Ibirtholow, died in Baltimore, July 19, 1854, aged 
1 07 ; Pleasant, his wife, died Jan. 2S, 1870, aged SO. 
j Wesley Bartholow, M.D., died in New Windsor, July 31, 1848, 
I aged 29. 
1 Win. H. Clay, died April 1, 1870, aged 33. 

Sarah E. Smith, died May 4, 1879, aged IS years, 4 months, 
| 12 days. 

Thomas Bond, born April 20, 1708, died Sept. 27, 1827. 
j Jnme> B. Lend, bom Oct. s, 17S2, died Oct. 20, 1827. 

Elijah Bond, died Sept. lo, 1853. aged 01 years. 3 months. 
Mary A., born Jan. 21, 1801, died Feb. 25, 1843. 
George Li haul, died July 28, 1808, aged So; Julia A., his 
fe, died April 10. 18S0, aged S3 years, 5 days. 
Robert Dods, M.D.. "born al Prova, county of Haddington, 
otlund." died at New Windsor, July 27, 18.13, aged 48. 
: Margaret Dods. died June 11. 1862, aged 82. 
j Sarah Dods, died Juno 1, 1849, aged 02. 

Anna, wife of II. W. Geatty. horn Sept. 28, 1828, died Sept. 
! 15. 1879. 

j Jonas Eeker, died Aug. 22, 1870, aged 57.'. / 
I Francis Eeker, died May 19, 18S0, aged 64. V 
| Jeremiah Currey, born April 1, 1801, died June 11,1835; 
| Sarah S., hi.-, wife, born June IS, 1S05, died Oet. IS, 1874. 

Jacob Repp, died Feb. 21, 1871, aged 84 years. 6 months, 13 
i days. 

Ann Mumf.ud. bom Dec. 13, 1798, died Dec. 25, 1807. 
; Jacob Wilt, died Oct. 27. IS73, aged 82; Elizabeth, his wife, 
1 died Oet. 2. IS56, aged 01 years, 1 month. 2 days'. 

Ferdinand Matthes, a native of Germany, died Jan. 10, 1870, 
aged 711 years. 1 months, 8 days. 

Jacob Nusbaum, died Dee. 11. 1870, aged 69 years, 11 

months. 10 days: Mary, bis wile, died April 2, ISO:,, aged 51 

years, 7 months. 25 days. 

J Jacob Stem, born April 30, 1793, died Nov. 23, 1S55; Mary 

A., bis wile, died Jan. 29, 1S64, aged 42 years, 3 months, 25 


John W. Durbin, horn Nov. 5, 1821, died Nov. 30, 
Nancy Durbin, born 1789, died Feb. 20, 1865. 
Abraham Albaugh, born Aug. 29, 1780, died Feb. 

Mary C, his wife, died Oct. 17, 1851, aged 57 years 

19 days. 



jab, 1 

aged 42 
lj Mary, 


Jolin Haines, died July 6, )S59, aged 76; Susn 
died May 2, 1857, aged 03. 

Jo.?. Bigham, born Feb. 22, ISIS, died April 5 
years, ] rnonth, II days. 

Jolin Haines, bom Sept.-!. 1306, died Maroh 2 
hi? wife, born Dec. 23, 1800, died July 23, 1858. 
Honor Williams, born Nov. 29, 1803, died Ocl. 
Francis Smith, died April 4, 1S61, aged 32. 
Henry Townsend, of Co. C, First U. S. Sharpshooters, killed 
in battle at Kelly's Ford. Va., Nov. 7, 1863, aged 23. 
Levi Picking, died Jan. 14, 1862, aged 50. 
Anna M. Condon, died Aug. 11, 1 870, aged 3S years, C months, 
8 days. 

Elizabeth Barnes, died Nov. 10, 1858, aged 39. 
Thos. Win. Bnines, died May 5, 1858, aged 19 years, 7 days. 
Kichard Smith, born Dec. 13. 176S, died Deo. 22, 1783. 
Mary Leppo, died May 21, 1880, aged SO years, 4 mouths, 11 
daj s. 

Ludvrick Bailie, born Sept. 28, 1853, aged 69. 
Catharine, wife of Peter Baile, born May 5, 1820, died June 
27, 1S59. 

Christiana A. Diehl. died Jan. 5, 1866, aged 40 years, 3 
months, 4 days. 

Kimrod T. Bennett, died Sept. 17. 1870, aged 27 years, 8 
months, 19 days. 

Levi T. Bennett, died Dec. 9, 1S65, aged 56 years, 1 month, 
14 days. 

Edwin (!. Shipley, died Nov. 5, 1865, aged 40 years, S months, 
10 days. 

Ann Shipley, died Sept. 3, 1867, aged 85 years. 9 months, 5 

Dr. Joseph Shuey, an alumnus of Calvert College, and a grad- 
uate of the University of Maryland, died Jan. 10, 1S66, aged 25 
years, 10 months, 16 days. 

Mary E.. wile of J. L. Shuey, died Jan. 22, 1S03, aged 32 
years, 4 months, Is days. 

Hester Brawncr, died April 8, 1 S 1-1. aged 55. 
Win. Thoburn. bom Oct. 11, ISO."., died Dee. 28, 1870; Eliza 
McKea, his wile, died Jan. 11, 1S7D. aged 00 years, 7 months. 

Joseph Poole, bom Oct. 4. 1802, died Jan. 23. 1850; Esther, 
his wife, died April 2, 1864, aged 01. 

Washington M. Naill, born Feb. 20, 1S26, died Feb. 24, 1876. 

The New Windsor Herald was established in 1881, 
and is issued semi-monthly. P. J. Devilbiss is asso- 
ciated with Mr. Koehl in its publication. 

My Maryland was established in August, 1881, 
and is the fifth newspaper now published in the ! 

The New Windsor Library Company was incor- 
porated by the Legislature Jan. 13, 1841. The in- I 
corporators were Rev. John 1'. Carter, Dr. J. L. War- 1 
field, Isaac Slingluff, Samuel Eiker, Michael Smith, ! 
J. II. Hibberd, William A. Norris, William Pole, Jr.^ I 
Ephraim Bowersox, Jesse Lambert, Jonas Eiker, Wil- ! 
liam Kelley, Theodore Hibberd, James C. Atlee, G. 
W. Willson, Nathan Haines, of Joseph, William 
Eiker, Josiab Hibberd, Isaac Blizzard, Silas Hibberd, 
Jacob Nasbaum, Catherine M. Brawnor, Lewis Shull. 

Mount Vernon is a pretty little village situated a 1 
mile northeast of Sam's Creek, and is on the road to 
Stone Chapel. It has a store and several small shops. I 

Dennis's is lour and a half miles from New Wind- 
sor, near Sam's Creek. It. has a Bunker Church. 
Joseph T. Stern is the merchant and postmaster, an,] 
Dr. L. A. Aldridge is the physician of the village and 
the surrounding country. 

St. James' Chapel (M. E. Church South), a sub- 
stantial and commodious structure, was erected in 
1879, under the auspices of Rev. W. II. Stringer, who 
was its pastor that year. Since then it has been under 
the pastorate of Rev. M. G. Balthis. 

Wakefield is on the Western Maryland Railroad, 
forty miles from Baltimore, and near Little Pipe 
Creek. It is in the midst of a fertile portion of tin 
county known as " Wakefield Valley.'' "The Wake- 
field Valley Creamery," a stock company composed ol 
farmers of that vicinity, is an important business en 
terprise, consuming six hundred gallons of milk dui!\ 
in the manufacture of butter and cheese. Joseph 
Hoover is postmaster, If. S. Roberts, merchant, and 
Joseph A. Waesche, florist. 

McKinstry's Mills is two miles from Lin wood 
twelve from Westminster, and is situated near Sam's 
Creek. 'The postmaster, Samuel McKinslry, from 
whom the post-office derives its name, is the oldesl 
officer in official servitude in the State. He received 
his appointment from Amos Kendall, postmaster- 
general under Andrew Jackson, and has held il coi 
tinuously from that time to the present. M. ('. M 
Kinstry and Jacob Zumbrum & Sons operate the 
mills. John MeKiustry keeps the store, and Benj - 
min Jones the blacksmith -shop. 

Sam's Creek Post-Office is three and a half mill • 
from New Windsor, near Sam's Creek, a small bu! 
historical stream, from which it derives its name. l!--i 
Charles A. R.eid is pastor or local preacher of ih- 
M. E. Church. D. E. Stem is merchant and | <- - 
master; John W. and William Yingling and -Iks,- T. 
Wilson are blacksmiths. 

Linwood is on the Western Maryland llailroaJ 
ten miles from Westminster, and forty-three from Bal 
timore. John Q. Senseney was the original proprii t< 1 
of the land, and Reuben Haines laid olT the tuwn. 
The merchants tire Josiah Englar and sons. Josef-ii 
Englar is railroad and express agent and postmaster 
J. & J. Englar operates the mills, and Dr. L. Rem' 
is the resident physician. 

Pipe Creek Beneficial Society was incorporate'! L 
the Legislature on Fob. 28, 1844. The trustees w. ' 

Abraham Jones, Fn is Jones, Dr. Thomas Sin 

Jesse Wright, Israel Norris, Robert Nelson, and K- 
S. Reese. 

" Door to Virtue" Lodge. No. 46, of Ancient Fr- 
aud Accepted Masons, held its first, meeting (under 



dispensation from the Most Worshipful the Grand 
Master of Masons in Maryland) on Sunday, June 23, 
1811, at Pipe Creek, Frederick (now Carroll) County. 
The members present on this memorable occasion were 
Jesse Cloud, Worshipful Master ; William P. Far- 
(juhar, Senior Warden ; William Slaymaker, Junior 
Warden ; Enoch Taylor, Senior Deacon ; Daniel 
Slaymaker, Junior Deacon ; Moses Wright, Secretary 
mid Treasurer ; William McCollum, Tyler; and Moses 
B. Farquhar, an Entered Apprentice. The visiting 
brethren were William Knox, John Crapster, Israel 
Wright, aud Isaac Lightner, of Philadelphos Lodge, 
No. 39, Taneytowu, and John Cook, of Ireland. 
" An Entered Apprentice's Lodge was formed, a 
charge was read, and a prayer made to the Divinity 
for a blessing." Petitions were presented from Caleb 
Ogborn,Joel Pusey, and Thomas B. Franklin, " pray- 
ing to be initiated into the mysteries of Masonry," 
which were referred to a committee appointed " to in- 
quire into their characters, and to report the result of 
their inquiries." These, the first applicants for initia- 
tion iu this lodge, received the degrees at subsequent 
meetings, and became, as the old record shows, active 
craftsmen. " A Fellow Craft's Lodge was then 
opened in due form, and Moses B. Farquhar was per- 
mitted to take the second degree of Masonry, aud re- 
turned thanks accordingly." Where and when this 
brother was initiated there arc no means of knowing, 
but his advancement to the degree of Fellow Craft 
was the first " work" performed in Door to Virtue 
Lodge. While working under a dispensation there 
were held eleven meetings, the last being on the 31st 
of October, when Jesse Cloud aud Moses Wright were 
appointed the first representatives of this lodge to the 
Grand Lodge of Maryland, and during this period 
.-■vcu brethren were "raised" to the degree of Master 
Mason, among whom was the late venerable Thomas 
Shepherd, of Union Bridge. 

<>n Sun 



10th, at a special 

Cation, "the representatives appointed to the Grand 
Lxige, with the proceedings of this lodge, report that 
'"••y have performed that service and obtained a war- 
r "'it. ' The warrant was presented to the lodge, and, 
by virtue of the authority therein conferred, the offi- 
cers already mentioned as acting during the period of 
'- pensation were duly installed, and Door to Virtue 
'- * the rank aud number (46) which it still holds 
"wig the Maryland lodges. 

' he charter or warrant referred to in the procecd- 
'JM of Nov. 10, 1811, is the one under which the 
••''• is now working, and as a matter of interest 
' l; -'' membership an exact aud literal copy of it is 

D. and G. M. [L.S.] 

"John Craw 

" To all whom it may concern : 

" We the grand Lodge of the Stute of Maryland of the most 
ancient and honorable Fraternity of Free and Accepted Masons, 
according to the Old Institution, duly established, constituted 
aud organized for the paid Stale by resolutions and authority of 
a Grand Convention held at Talbot Court House on the seven- 
teenth day of April in the year of Masonry Five thousand 
Seven Hundred and eighty .-even, Do hereby constitute and 
appoint our trusty and well beloved brethren, Jesse Cloud, 
Master, William P. Farquhar, Senior Warden and William 
Slaymaker Junior Warden of a new Lodge to beheld in the 
neighborhood of Little Pipe Creek in Frederick County by the 
name of Poor to Virtue Lodge, No. 10, and we do hereby au- 
thorize anil empower our said trusty and well beloved Brethren 
to hold their Lodge at the place hereby appointed and directed 
at such times as they shall think necessary and convenient, and 
according to the constitution of Masonry, and to admit and to 
make Free Masons according to fbc most Honorable Custom of 
the Royal Craft in all ages and nations through out the known 
world and not to contrariwise. And we do further authorize 
and empower said Brethren and thoir successors to hear and 
determine all and singular matters and things relating to the 
Craft within the jurisdiction of the said Lodge No. 46. And 
lastly we do hereby authorize and empower our said trusty and 
well-beloved Brethren Jesse Cloud, William li. Farquhar and 
William Slaymaker to nominate, choose and install their suc- 
cessors to whom they shall deliver this Warrant, and invest 
them with all their powers and dignities as Free. Masons and 
.such successors shall in like manner install their successors, 
etc, such installations to be upon or near St John's the Evan- 
gelist day. Provided always, that the Master, Wardens and 
Brethren and their successors pay due respect to the Bight 
Worshipful Grand Master, otherwise this Warrant to be or no 
force or Virtue. Given under our hands, and the seal of the 
Grand Lodge, this 1th day of November, A.D. IS] I, A.L. 5811, 
at the Citv of Baltimore. 

"Geobge Ketseb, G.J. W. 
"John- Walks, 67. S." 

The lodge continued to hold its meetings at Pipe 
Creek until the autumn of 1813, the last recorded 
communication at that place being on the 25th of 
September of that year. The officers to whom was 
intrusted the management of the lodge during this 
period of its history were as follows : From Decem- 
ber, 1811, to June, 1812, Jesse Cloud, W. M. ; Wil- 
liam P. Farquhar, S. W. ; William Slaymaker, J. W. ; 
'Moses Wright, Sec; and Moses B. Farquhar, Treas. 
From June, 1812, to December, 1812, Jesse Cloud,. 
W. M.; William P. Farquhar, S. W. ; Moses P. 
Farquhar, J. W. ; Jacob It,. Thomas, See. ; and Jo- 
seph Wright, Treas. From December, 1812, to 
June, 1813, William P. Farquhar, W. M. ; Enoch 
Taylor, S. W. ; Daniel Slaymaker, J. W. ; Jacob 11. 
Thomas, Sec. ; and Joseph Wright. Treas. 
j This lodge was located in the loft of a spring-house 
| on Beaver Dam stream, a mile or two from Sam's 
i Creek, on the property then owned by Alexander 
! Slaymaker, but now owned by Nathan Euglar. 

The following is a list of persons aged seventy years' 
' and upwards in 1879 iu New Windsor District: 


Nancy Sanders (colored), 110; Katie Moore, 94: Daniel Coke, 
85; D.W. Naill, 81; Moses Hayes (colored), 92 ; Mrs. I). 
W. Naill, SI ; Jacob Shuster, SO ; Boss Hammond (colored), 
83; Moses Hammond (colored), 81 : Joshua VVarfield, 79; 
Stephen Gorsnch,79; Miss II. Williams, 7S; Thomas Hor- 
ton, 73; David Engle, of P., 7-1 ; William Lewis (colored), 
SO; Jacob Lookingbill, 72; Mrs. Peter Naill, 90; John 
Rigglcr, 75; Abraham Nusbauin, 70; Lewis Kiefler, 79i 
Jacob Xu=baum, 73; Michael Zepp,74; Mis. Mary Devil- 
biss, 70; Mrs. Casper Devilbiss, 75; Daniel Wagner, 75 ; 
Peter Long, 82 ; T. Beal Porter, SO ; Daniel and Lila Bow- 
ycr (colored), 72 and 70 ; Masheck Baker, 7a ; Peggy Por- 
ter, 79 : Mrs. Emerata Franklin, 75 ; Mrs. Philip Snader, 
71; Philip Nausbaum,72; Daniel Nausbauin, 70 ; Michael 
Biggler, 75; Mis. Nancy Chippey, 70; Nathan Franklin, 
75; Lewis Green, 95; Perry Green, 70; Caleb Pike (col- 
ored), 70 j Mrs. Mary Zopp, 78; Mrs. Sellman, S5 ; Mrs. j 
Elizabeth Gillis, 90 ; Mrs. Elizabeth Doety, 88 ; Mrs.Mary 
Naillc, 87; Singleton W. Harn, 77 ; Mrs. Maria Ham, 77; | 
Mrs. Elizabeth StueksJnlc, 75; Mrs. Susannah Barnes, 73; 
Rev. James Pearre, 70; Mrs. Sarah Lindsay, 70: Mrs. 
Rachel Buckingham, 70; Mrs. Annie Devilbiss, 75 ; -Mrs. 
Sarah Miller, 78; Abraham Cole (colored), 79; Samuel j 
.Brown (colored), SO; Moses Haines (colored), 80. Total, '■ 
40:;::. average, SO. There are numerous others between i 
60 and 70. 

The following is the vote for local officers from 1857 I 
to 1861, inclusive: 

1857.— Vole for Justices: Charles Denning 115, J. Suieker 

23, B. W. Bennett 225, P. H. Crabbs 221; Constables: F. ! 

M. Baile47, Wm. Delphy 22S ; Road Supervisor: Moses 

Haines 237. ' 

1859.— For Justices: Edwin A.Atlee 264, Israel Korris 228 ; 

Constable: Wm. Delphy 241; Road Supervisor: Wm. 

Eckei 209. 
1861.— For Justices : Edwin A. Alice 200, George P. Alb'augh | 

257; Constable: Simon Range 258 ; Road Supervisor: Wm. , 

Ecker 249. 

Below are given the public school trustees for 1881 ] 
and 1882. together with the teachers and number of 
pupils in each school : 

1 and 2. New Windsor (Nos. 1 and 2).— Elkanan Engler, J. j 
W. Engler, Jacob Frownfeltcr. 

3. Park Hall.— Solomon Eckcr, John W. Myers, Abraham 

4. Baile's.— W. W. Naillc, Henry Demmitt, Abram AI- 

5. Spring Dale.— Theodore Hibberd, John Geiger, Gustavus 

6. WakeBeld.— David Ba 

7. Mount Vernon.— Jes< 

The teachers for tin 

A. 11. Zimmerman, 
pupils; 3,G.T.Yi 

'" ! 

Eekard, Isaac C. Forrest. 
Jesse Baile, Dr. B. C. 

jnding April 13, 1881, i Mich; 

Annie It. Tingling, 40 
lils; 4, A. P. Albaugh,57 
upils; 0, M. R. Lord, 43 

pupil* ; 5. Laura I. Hookei 
pupils; 7, E. E. Lovell, 44 pupils. 

The justices are Lewis Dielmao, Wm. T. Smith, 
Elisv irtli Loveall; Constable, Simon Bange ; Notary ' 
Public, Dr. J. F. Buffington. 


The Seventh District of Carroll County, generally 
known as Westminster, is bounded on the north h-. 
Myers District, on the east by the districts of Man- 
chester, Hampstead, and Woolery, on the south by 
Woolery and Franklin, and on the west by New 
Windsor and Uniontowu Districts. Westminster is 
geographically the central district, of Carroll County, 
and it is also the wealthiest, most prominent, and 
contains the largest number of inhabitants, the census 
of 1880 giving it a population of 5573. It is inter- 
sected by numerous streams, which furnish water- 
power for milling purposes, and the pure limpid ele- 
ment for farming and grazing lands, among whirl, 
are the Patapsco Falls, Dear Branch, Morgan's Hun, 
Pipe Creek, Cranberry Run, and Copp's Branch. It 
is bountifully supplied with turnpikes and excellent 
public roads, and the Western Maryland Railroad 
passes almost, directly through the centre, furnishing 
admirable facilities for communication with Baltimore 
City and other commercial points. The people are 
intelligent, industrious, and enterprising, and it wa- 
in this district that the movement for the creation of 
a new county crystallized, and was moulded into such 
a shape as made its accomplishment a possibility. The 
commission appointed by the act of Assembly passed 
iu 1837 to divide the county into election districts 
prescribed the following metes and bounds for the 
district of Westminster : 

" Beginning at the 26th mile-stone, ou the Reisterstown turn- 
pike; thence to Richard Gorsueh's house; thence to the Pa- 
tapsco Falls; thence to the forks of Hampstead and Richards' 
roads; thence with said road to the forks of Manchester and 
Hampstead; thence to the farm of Abraham Schaffcr, leaving 
him in District No. 7; thence with the lane between Rover an I 
Guyman's faun, on Baughman's county road, to Bixlcr's lai 
yard, leaving said P.ixler in District No. 7; Ihenee with the 
road to Andrew Angel's, leaving him in District No. 7 ; thence 
with the aforesaid road ; thence on said road between the farir, 
of Baughman's and Jacob Snyder; thence to Rinohart's mill- 
dam; thence to Rinehart'8 county road; thence to Riiiehart'a 
mill; thence on said road to Littlestown turnpike to the ". :'. 1 
mile-stone; thence with the stone ioa-1 to Jacob Sloncseifer'- : 
thence to Mcssing's mill; thence to Hcsson's house, leaving 
said Hesson in District No. 2 ; thence with a straight line I 
Smith's old tavern, on tho Taneytown and Westminster turn- 
pike, leaving said bouse in District No. 7 ; thence to More! od 's 
tavern, leaving his house in District No. 7 ; thence throug 
el Morclock's, Sen., farm, leaving him in No. 7 : them 
through Widow Haines' farm, leaving her house in Distri :l ■ 
2 ; thence to Haines' mill ; thence down Pipe Creek to Turkey- 
foot Branch ; thence up said branch to where the Howard p = • 
crosses said branch ; thence with said road to the stone chapel: 
thence with the county road leading lo the Washington r 
to its point of intersection ; thence with a straight line to t' 

Westminster was made the place for holding tli 
polls. By auactofthe General Assembly of Maryland 



, .- ed April 2, 1841, the substance of which is given 
in (lie history of Myers District, the boundary lines 
wore altered to sodjc extent. 

The first settlers in the district were principally I 
Germans from Pennsylvania or the Palatinate. As 
early as 1763 the following heads of families, all laud- I 
owners, are recorded among the numerous settlers : 
Daniel Kober, John Greyder (Kreider), Peter Kraul, 
Valentine Fleigel, F. T. Dreyer, Valentine Bast, Henry j 
Warniau. The Everljs, Fliekingers, Sullivans, Wine- j 
harts, Rcirsnyders, Jacob Heldeubridd, Henry Neff, | 
Jacob Gassell, Peter Pender, David Sh river (then spelt j 
Dcvaul Schreiber), Daniel Zacharias, Benedict Schwob i 
(now Swope), Valentine Maurrer, Jost Runkel, An- j 
drew Ruse, the Gists, Roops, Jacob Schaeffer, the ! 
Frizzells, Hoppes, Wentzs, Myerlys. There were also I 
the Winchesters, Van Bibbers. Leigh Master, and : 

The old Winchester mansion was on the land now | 
owned bj Judge John E. Smith, and the line residence 
sn.i seat of Col. William A. McKillip is a part of the 
original Winchester tracts. This mansion was built 
about ] 800, and is still one of the finest in the county. 
In 1846, David Fisher bought it, with ten acres, of 
the Winchester heirs, and soon after it became the 
property of Jacob Fisher, and subsequently of John i 
C. Frizzell. Col. McKillip purchased it in 1880. 

The tract of laud known as " Brown's Delight," 
situated on Cobb's Branch, was patented for 350 acres | 
in 1743 to George Brown. 

" On Aug. 16,1698, John Young, of Frankelbach, 
and single state, was, after bciug regularly proclaimed, j 
joined in wedlock with Anna Margarethe, the legiti- i 
mate daughter of Hans Theobald Hess, of Alteusborn, 
in the Electorate Palatine, Oberant Lantern. The 
above-named Margaretha was baptized in the church ! 
"I Alteusborn, Oct. 22, 1674, her father being Theobald j 
Hess, and mother Margaretha, citizens and wedded j 
persons of that place, and during her marriage with 
bi r before-mentioned husband (John Young) she [ 
had the following two children : Hans Theobald 
i'oung, baptized Feb. 21, 1699 ; sponsors, HansTheo- | 
b»ld Hess and Anna, the legitimate daughter of the 
late Sebastian Hess, citizens and inhabitants of said 
place; and Anna Magdalena, baptized Oct. 25, 1702; j 
•ponsore, Nicholas Speck and his wife Catharine." 

After the death of the father (John Young) of 
these two children., the mother, Anna Margaretha, 
"Wred into wedlock as follows: "August, 1706, 
i - Irew Schreiber, legitimate son of Jost Schreiber, \ 
ntiJvits of Altensborn, was, after being regularly pro- 

'""ed, joined in wedlock with Anna Margaretha, ! 

' I'-gititnate widow of the late John Youmjr, who 

was a citizen of that place of the aforementioned 
Schreiber's birth." A protocol obtained from the said 
church certifies that. Audrew Schreiber was born and 
baptized Sept. 7, 1673, the sponsors at the baptism 
being Andrew Fisher and his wife. 

The protocol further shows that this Andrew 
Schreiber begat during his marriage with. Anna Mar- 
garetha the following children : 

1. Ludwig, born and baptized Oct. 14, 1709 ; spon- 
sors, Ludwig Vollweiler and his wife, Anna Chris- 

2. Andrew (2), born and baptized Sept. 6, 1712; 
sponsors, Audrew Schram and Auna Barbara, legiti- 
mate wife of Nicholas Speck, citizens of that place. 

3. Anna Margaretha, born and baptized July 25, 
1715; sponsors, Jacob Gruger, legitimate son of 
Jacob Gruger, and Anna Margaretha, in the single 
state, citizens of the place. The following certificate 
shows the standing and character at home of Audrew 
Schreiber and his wife, Anna. Margaretha: 

" Altensborn, May 13th, 1721, being in the Electorate Pal- 
tine Oberant Lantern. 

fsKAL 1 John Mucl!er > preacher of the word af God in the 
Reformed Congregation, Altensborn Circle. 
That the bearer of (or person shewing) this, And"' Shriver, citi- 
zen and inhabitant of this place, and his wife Anna Margaretha, 
whom he has with him, confess themselves to be conformable 
to the pure word of God, of the Reform Church, and have until 
now assiduously observed the outward duties of Christianity in 
attending our public Worship, receiving the Holy Sacrament, 
and otherwise, ns far as is known, have been irreproaehublo in 
their conduct, I attest. And whereas the said man and wife 
and their children, after having borne adversities, and about to 
turn their backs upon their country (God knows where), I would 
therefore recommend them to a willing reception by the preach, 
crs and ciders of the said Reformed Church, wherever they any 
show this. Altensborn, oberant lantern, in the Electorate pal- 
atine, 13th May, 1721. [snji..] 

"Jons Muellek, Paitor." 

Andrew Schreiber (2), — now Shriver, — son of An- 
drew Schreiber and his wife, Anna Margaretha, who 
had been the widow of John Young (i.e. Jung), came 
to America in the fall of 1721 with his parents, and 
landed at Philadelphia, after which they moved into 
the country, to the neighborhood of Goshchappen, 
near " The Trap," on the Schuylkill, where his father 
soon died, having supported himself and family by 
labor. After his death his widow married John Her- 
ger, who lived in the same place. Andrew Shriver 
there learned the trade of tanner and shoemaker. He 
freed himself from his apprenticeship about 1732, and 
worked for one year, in which be received £18 ($78) 
in hand. In the spring of 1733 lie married Ann 
Maria Keyser, and the following spring moved to 
Conewago, where, after paying for sundry articles 
with which to begin the world, he had left ten sbil- 



lings. Ann Maria Keyser was a daughter of Ulrick 
Keyser and Fornica, his wife, who were both natives 
of Pfaltz, Germany. Fomica's father was a tanner, 
who lived five hours from Heidelberg (long. 48° E., 
lat. 49° 20' N.), in a email village named Renche. 
Her eldest brother lived in a village called Schulugh- 
teu, three hours from her father, and two from Hol- 
bron. Her father and mother came with her to 
America about the fall of 1721. They arrived at 
Philadelphia and moved into the country where An- 
drew Shriver lived, and her father soon dying she 
married Andrew Shriver. Andrew Sliriver's step- 
brother, David Young, journeyed with him to Cone- 
wago and helped to clear three acres of ground, which 
they planted iu corn, after which Young then re- 
turned home. During this clearing they lived under 
Young's wagon-cover, alter which Andrew Shriver 
peeled elm-bark and made a temporary hut to keep 
off the weather, and by fall prepared a cabin. The 
wagon that brought him to this place passed through 
what is now known as " Wills' Rottom," and in the 
grass, which was as high as the wagon, left marks of 
its passage which were visible for several years-. There 
was no opportunity of obtaining supplies for the first 
year short of " Steamer Mill," adjoining Lancaster. 
Shriver settled one hundred acres of land where he 
lived, but whether lie squatted upon it or shortly after 
purchased is not known. It, however, cost him one 
hundred pair of negro shoes, this being the price 
agreed upon with Mr. Diggs, the owner, of whom he 
soon after purchased more land, which was paid for in 
money. At the time of his settlement in Conewago 
the nearest neighbor Andrew Shriver had was a family 
of the name of Forney, living where the town of 
Hanover now is. For a long time the public road 
from the south came by Andrew Shriver's house, and 
at the time of his settlement Indians surrounded him 
in eveiy direction. About this period and for several 
years after, the Delaware and Catawba nations were 
at war ; and each spring many warriors passed b}' 
after stopping at Andrew Sliriver's water spring, a 
large flush limestone drinking-plaee, when they would 
display in triumph the scalps, hooped, painted, aud 
suspended from a pole, which they had been able to 
obtain from the enemy. They demanded free quar- 
ters, but were very sociable, aud smoked the pipe of 
friendship freely without any attempt at wanton in- 
jury. His brother Ludwig Shriver, David Young, 
Middlekunf, the Wills, and others followed in a few 
years aud established a settlement. Ludwig Shriver's 
settlement must have been early, as he burned coal 
out of hickory-bark, and made the knife with which 
Andrew Shriver curried his leather, which was tanned 

in troughs cut out of large logs. Andrew Shriver's 
wife, occasionally helped Iter husband in the tan-yard, 
and dressed deer-skins by night. Their son, David 
Shriver, wore deer-skin dressed as clothing, shirts 
excepted, until fifteen years old. Having but little 
cleared ground at this time, the stock was left to inn 
at large in the woods; such as were wanted David, 
being the oldest, child, had to collect every morning 
regularly, much to his discomfort ; as the pea-vines 
aud grass were nearly as high as himself, and covered 
with dew, they soon made his deer-skin dress so wot 
as to render it like unto his skin, adherent to his 
body. Deer and other game were at this time su 
abundant and destructive to grain-fields that hunting 
was necessary for self protection. 

About 1(385, John Force (or Vcrree) resided in the 
town of Liudau, not far from the Rhine, in the Ling 
doin of France. His family consisted of himself, his 
wife, and six children, — three sons and three, daugh- 
ters. The names of the sons were Daniel, Philip, 
and Johu, and of the daughters, Catharine, Mary, 
and Jane. John Fence, the father, was a silk weaver 
by trade, his religion Calvinistic, consequently he be- 
came one of the sufferers under the edict of Nantes. 
The Fences had no other resource left, but flight 
leaving behind them all their property except some 
trifling articles and some cash. They fled into Ger- 
many, not far from Slrasburg, where they resided 
two years. On leaving France they were accompanied 
by a young mau named Isaac Lefever, wdio stated to 
them that his family were nearly all or all put to 
death by the soldiers, but that he had escape.' unhurt. 
He continued as one of the family until they arrived 
in America, and then married Catharine Feme, one 
of the daughters, and from whom, as far as is known, 
all of the name of Lefever in this country have sprung. 
During their residence in Germany. John Ferrce, the 
father, died, aud it is singular that Mary Fence, the 
widow, after she came to America, was not pleased to 
be called by any other name than that of Mary War- 
rinbuer, her maiden name. Whilst residing at Stras- 
burg, hearing of a fine province called Pennsylvania. 
in North America, and that the proprietor, William 
Penn, lived in Loudon, she set out for that city, de- 
termined, if she should receive sufficient encourage- 
ment from Penn, she would try to get to America. 
On her arrival in London she employed i; person to 
conduct, her to l'enn's residence, and on their way her 
conductor pointed out to her Penn'.- carriage, which 
was just meeting them, and she being of a determined 
and persevering disposition, called to Penn, svl>' 
stopped his carriage, and, being well acquainted with 
the French language, conversed with her freely. 



Penn having learned the nature and object of lier 
, r ;|. invited her int.. his carriage, as he was theu on 
big way home. Penn told her he had an agent in 
Pennsylvania; that he would give her a recommenda- 
tion to him, so that her business, he hoped, might be 
dune to her satisfaction. They remained in London 
ibouf six months, when a vessel sailed for North | 
River (New York was then a small town), in which 
tbey took passage. On their arrival they moved up 
the river to a place called Esopus, where they re- 
mained about two years, and then moved to Philadel- 
phia, and from thence to Piquea settlement, previous 
I,, which they had taken up three thousand acres of 
hud. Before they sailed from .London a variety of 
implements of husbandry were presented to them by 
Queen Anne, which they found to be of great use to' 
[hem in cultivating and improving their lands. , Philip, 
tluir oldest son, was now about twenty-one years of 
ipe, and evinced a desire to earn something for him- 
vif. Having formed acquaintance with several fam- 
ilies of Esopus, he poshed for that place, where he 
\'.\\il for one year with a respectable farmer of the 
Dame of Abraham DuBois, and while in his service 
formed an attachment for Leah, the daughter of Mr. 
DuBois, whom at the expiration of the year he mar- 
ried and brought to his people in t lie Piquea settle- 
ment. There Philip and his wife commenced im- 
proving land on the north side of Piquea Creek, that 
I i been previously taken up by his mother and 
fcmily. Abraham DuBois, on May 17, 1717, took 
nut a patent for one thousand acres in Lancaster 
County, Pa., which he subsequently gave to his 

■•filler Leah. Their first labor wa« cutting grass 
in the woods for the purpose of making hay, no land 

ivitig been cleared on that part allotted to them. 

• ; ey placed timbers in the ground, forked at the top, 

1 poles across them, and built their hay upon the 

""S which served as a roof to their house, under 

•inch they lived for several months. During their 

♦'-*)' in this rude shelter their son Abraham was born. 

• J lived to raise eight children, — five sons and three 
• '^'liters, — the names of the sons being Abraham, 

«**c, Jacob, Philip, and Joel, and of the daughters, 
'"<:«. married to William Buflington ; Leah, to Peter 
"«er; and Elizabeth, to Isaac Ferree. Abraham 
M married about 1735 or 173G to a woman by the 
"' Elizabeth El tinge, from Esopus, whose pa- 
' were Low Dutch, lie lived on a part of the I 
; laken up by his grandmother (Mary Ferree, or j 
JUer) and her children. Their children were 
■•■ Uraul, Rebecca, Rachel, Elizabeth, and 
Israel married a Miss Dickey, Cornelius 
; >•> Virginia, and Rebecca married David I 

Shriver. Abraham Ferree died at an advanced age, 
and was buried in a place now called Carpenter's 
graveyard, about one mile north of where he was 
born. This burial-place, near Paradise, was vested in 
trustees for the use of the settlement by Mary Ferree 
(Warrinbucr), who died in 171 6, and was with sev- 
eral of her family interred in this graveyard. After 
Abraham's death his widow married one Curgus, and 
moved up the Susquehanna. 

Sarah, daughter of Abraham Dubois, married Roc- 
loff Ellsting, or Eltirjge, who was therefore a brother- 
in-law In Philip Ferree. 

It appears from a certain deed of partition (on 
record in Frederick County. Md.) made by sundry 
persons as devisees of Isaac Eltinge, dated April 18, 
1771, that Isaac Eltinge was a resident of Frederick 
(now Montgomery) County anterior to March 13, 
1756, the date of his last will and testament, and that 
he died without leaving issue, in which case he dis- 
posed of his estate in fee-simple to his sister Eliza- 
beth (Eltinge) Ferree and the children of his sister 
Zachamintye Thompson. The will ordered it to be 
divided with three several parts, one of them to de- 
scend to his fust-named sister, and the other two- 
thirds to the children of the last-named sister, namely, 
to William Thompson, Cornelius Thompson, John T. 
Thompson, and Ann McDonald. These appear to be 
the exclusive objects of the testator's bounty, but it 
is nevertheless known that he had one other sister, 
who married Isaac Hite, of Virginia. Of these sisters 
there are many descendants residing in Virginia. 

Elizabeth Ferree had two sons and four daughters, 
viz. : Israel, Cornelius, Rebecca, Rachel, Elizabeth, 
and Mary. Israel married a Miss Dickey, by whom 
he had one son, who died without descendants. Cor- 
nelius married twice, and had a numerous family, 
who with himself emigrated to the Western country. 
Rachel resided near Bath, in Virginia, and was mar- 
ried to David Muskimmins. Elizabeth married Wil- 
liam Miller. Mary first married a Mr. Graff, and 
on his decease Griffith Willett ; and Rebecca married 
David Shriver. The latter couple continued to reside 
on their estate on Little Pipe Creek, in Carroll County, 
until their decease. They had nine children : 

1. Andrew, born Nov. 7, 1762, married Dee. 31, 178C, to 
Elizabeth Shall/., of Baltimore, and died Sept. 20. 1S47. 

2. Elizabeth, born Nov. 23, 170!, died Feb. IS, 1706. 

3. Rachel, burn Jan. 7, 1707. married Adam Forney, of Han- 
over, Pa., and died Dec. 6, is It. 

i. David* born April 14, 176!', married Feb. 28, 1803. 
b. Abraham, born May 5, 1771, married Feb. 18, 1803, and 
was for many years a judge of Frederick County Circuit Ccart. 

6. Mary (Anna Maria?), born Nov. 2a, 1773, and married 
John Sohley, of Frederick City. 

7. Isaac, born March 6, 1777, married April 22, 1802, and 


His wife, Polly, boi 

SI, Hied March 1, 

died Dec. 2 

8. Jacob, born l>e,;. 13, 1 770, died Oct. 15, 1841. 

9. Susan (Susanna?), born Jan. 0, 1782, and married Samuel 
Ire.v, of Baltimore, Aug. 22, 1S09. 

In regard to Jacob Eltinge, it is not known whether 
ho was father, brother, or son of the Eltinge family at 
the time cf its settlement in Frederick County, or 
who the persons of the family were, further than is 
given iu the deed above referred to. But it is evident 
that the settlement was at a very early date, and it is 
known to have adjoined the Potomac River at a time 
when much land along its banks was vacant, of which 
they secured considerable bodies by grants from the 
proprietary government. And from the manner in 
which the surveys were made, it would seem to have 
been anticipated that the navigation of that river 
would become highly improved, and that it would be 
controlled by running the line-", of the tracts across 
the river, many of the tracts beiug thus located. It 
is known that the Eltinges migrated from New York, 
and that a number of the males fell victims to the 
bilious disease that prevailed with great malignity 
upon the banks of the Potomac. There were two 
branches of the Eltinge family in New York, one 
located with the New Paltz patentees in Ulster County, 
about sixteen miles from Kingston, the other at Kings- 
ton County. Of the latter, or Esopus family, some 
removed to New York City, some to Red Hook, in 
Dutchess County, and the others continued at 

The following is the history of the New Paltz 
branch : Two brothers, Josiah the elder and Noah 
the younger, were the patentees in the New Paltz 
patent, and had one sister, Zacamintye, who married 
in the Bivier family. Noah had no sou. but, one 
daughter, who married Dcneh Wynkoop and had two 
daughters. The eldest, Gurtyou Gitty, was married 
in the Golden family and left heirs. The youngest, 
Cornelia, was married to Isaac Eltinge, of the Kings- 
ton family, and left heirs. Zacamintye bore several 
sons and daughters. Josiah was married to Magda- 
lena Dubois, and had four sons — Abraham, Ralp, 
Solomon, and Cornelius — and one daughter, — Car- 
trientye (Catharine). The latter married Jacobus 
Hardenbaugb, at Hurley, two miles from Kingston, 
and had one son — Jacobus — and three daughters,- 
Magdalena, Cartrientye, and Ann, — all of whom mar- 
ried and had heirs. Abraham was married in the 
Dubois family, and had five sons, viz. : Josiah, Noah, 
Philip, Henry, and Jacobus (who all had heirs), and 
two daughters, Jane and Magdalena, who left numer- 
ous progeny. Ralph married into the Lowe family, 

and had five sons, viz. : Josiah, Solomon, Bzekid 
! John, and Ralph, and four daughters, viz.: MagJ- ; 
lena, Sarah, Catherine, and Mary, who all lefi d 
i seendants. The descendants of Ralph and Abralnn 
i lived about the New Paltz. Solomon married ii, t! 
Vanderson family at Hurley, and had no heirs. Cor- 
nelius married in the Elmender family at Hurley, at 1 
had three sons, viz.: Wilhelms, Solomon, and Cor- 
nelius, and five daughters, viz.: Magdalena, Ja 
: Maria, Blandina, and Catharine, all of whom but 
Blandina married and left numerous offspring. T 
descendants of Cornelius and Cartrientye are sett! 
at Hurley and Marbletown, near Kingston, excepting 
Cornelius and Wilhelms (descended from Cornelia- . 
who were ministers and lived in New Jersey, — Corne- 
lius in Sussex County, and Wilhelms at a point foai 
miles from New York City, called Patterson Landing, 
whose Indian name was Unchquachinwick. Wil- 
' helms had three children, — Cornelius Housman, Ms '. . 
Blandina, and Jane Van Winkle. The eldest v.- 
1 married to Cornelius Van Winkle, am! had a - 
i Wilhelms Eltinge. The New Paltz branch v 

probably more nearly related to the branch that settl i 
I on the Potomac, in Frederick County, Md., and ; 
Virginia. Abraham, the eldest son of Josiah Eltine 
had laud in an unsustained claim upon some of ;' 
, tracts upon the Potomac as legal heir, and hence the 
| inference is that Josiah, Noah, and Zae imintye v 
! brothers and sister, either to Isaac Eltinge, resid • i 

of Frederick County (now Mi ntgomery), ton! . 
! sisters, Elizabeth Ferris, Zacamintye Thompson i 
| Mrs. John Uite, of Virginia, or they, Noah, cu 
| were brothers and sister to Abraham Eltinge, tl 
! father of Isaac and his sister. 

Andrew Shriver, who came to America in 17-1, 
when a boy nine years of age, with his parents. At 
drew and Anna Margaretha Shriver, died Aug. ' 
1797, and was the grandson of Jost Shriver. 

David Shriver, son of Andrew and Ann M ria 
(Keyser) Shriver, was born in York County, Pa . 
i Concwago, south of Hanover.' His parents had b 
; but a few years from Germany, and were reiva: ' 
married when they settled at that place in the v.' 
surrounded by Indians. On account of his fath " 
settlement on the frontier, remote from the centre- • ' 
civilization, David Shriver, the first-born, grew 
with scarcely any education, the opportunity > 
means being' both wanting. The time of his mil ' 
was employed in aiding his father in his busines.- 
tanning and cultivating the soil. When 1)0 
twenty-one years of age he attracted the atlcuti ■:. 
Andrew Steigcr, an enterprising business man ■ ■' 
citizen of Baltimore. Mr. Steiger employed biu 



Btore-keeper in a country store, located not far from 
David's father. Here the want of education was im- 
mediately felt, and he so applied himself that in a 
jhort time he acquired a pretty pood knowledge of 
figures. He also learned to write a fair hand, 
and otherwise improved himself in knowledge and 
address. At this time Lancaster, Pa., had become 
considerable of a town, and it was a custom there 
(continued to this day) to hold semi-annual fairs, 
which drew together vast numbers of people. At 
one of these fairs David Shriver first saw Rebecca 
Ferree, who had been sent to Lancaster to acquire a 
knowledge of ornamental needlework. He undertook 
to accompany her home, and was received with be- 
coming respect, by her father, but with much dis- 
pleasure and indignity by her mother, who had im- 
bibed high notions in consequence of the opulence aud 
distinction enjoyed by her family in New York. 
Standing well, however, with the daughter and father, 
In- persevered and succeeded in his suit. About 1759 
or 171*0, and previous to his marriage, which was in 
IT lH, he had settled upon a tract of land provided 
for htm at Little Pipe Creek, in Frederick County, 
Md. (now in Westminster District, Carroll County). 
The place of his location is the old " Shriver Home- 
stead," some two miles southwest of Westminster, 
on Little Pipe Creek, where Copp's Branch joins it, 
now occupied by Mrs. Augustus Shrive)-, widow of a 
grandson of David. Here David had erected build- 
ings and cleared land, and to this place he brought 
his wife, He then built a mill, which was of great 
importance to himself and neighbors at that early 
period when the settlement was in its infancy. Hav- 
ing experienced the want of education, he early sought 
to have his children taught, and for this purpose sent 
I; is eldest son abroad for some time, there being no 
school within reach of his home. TT is efforts were 
unceasing to promote education in the neighborhood, 
»''d lie so far succeeded as to obtain for all his chil- 
dren a good English education. The community was 
fcuch indebted to him for his exertions in this re- 
'!-et, and many persons afterwards enjoyed the. receipt 
' ■' useful knowledge which but for him they would 
1 '•'. have acquired. Possessing an inquiring and dis- 
criminating mind, he added rapidly to his- slock of in- 
' rmat'ion. As a self-taught mathematician, he made 
" f-lderable advances, and was instructor to all Ids 
' ' ' in the art of surveying, the compass and other 
•'ruinents used being of his own manufacture. His 
1 uiical talents were no less remarkable. He was 
'•r. joiner, cooper, blacksmith, silversmith, 
'•maker, wheelwright ; in short, he made every- 
■ •' that was wanting on the place, as well as the 

ools which occasion called for. 
he umpire of the neighborhood 

He was, moreover, 
the settlement of 
controversies. Having a great aversion to lawsuits 
and litigation, he did much to preserve peace and 
harmony. His house was the resort of much com- 
pany and the place where travelers regularly sought 
shelter and repose, and they were always received with 
kindness and hospitality. 

The disputes between the colonies and the mother- 
country early attracted bis attention, aud he became 
an active and devoted Whig. So warm was he in the 
support of the rights of his country that his friends 
were alarmed for his safety, and his pastor emphatic- 
ally warned him to beware, as the powers placed over 
him were of God, and that he would be hung for 
treason to Great Britain aud his family made beggars. 
He treated the admonition with marked contempt, and 
persevered in taking au active part on the Committees 
of Vigilance and Public Safely and rousing his 
countrymen to vindicate their rights. He was in 
consequence elected a member of the Convention of 
1770 to frame a constitution for the State of Mary- 
laud, and was afterwards continued, with the exception 
of a year or two, a member of one or the other 
branches of the Legislature for about thirty years, 
until the infirmities of age admonished him of the 
propriety of retirement. At the time of his death 
he had an estate valued at seventy thousand dollars. 
When he was married his wife's parents gave her a 
negro 'girl, from whom sprang a numerous progeny, 
more than forty in number, of whom about thirty re- 
mained in his possession at the time of his death, and 
whom he liberated by will. In the same instrument 
he divided his estate equitably among his children aud 
provided for the iuclosure of a family, burial-ground, 
where his remains, those of his wife, aud some of his 
children repose, lie had two brothers and four sis- 
ters, — the former were Andrew and Jacob, of whom 
Andrew continued to reside on the borne plantation 
and raised a large family. Jacob removed to Littles- 
town, Pa., and had one son, who died young, and his 
father passed away shortly afterwards. The four 
sisters married Henry and George Koontz, John Kitz- 
miller, aud Jacob Will. They all lived to an old age 
within a lew miles of their father and reared large 
families, except the wife of George Koontz, who had 
hut three or four children and died in early life. 
David Shriver died Jan. 29 (or 30), 182G, aged 
ninety years and nine months. He was the oldest of 
his brothers and sisters, aud survived them all. 

His wife, Rebecca (Ferree) Shriver, was a noble 
Christian woman, of rare domestic qualities, and withal 
finely educated for the early pioneer days in which 



she grew up to womanhood. She was the oldest of 
her Family. The home plantation being large enough 
for two places was divided between her brothers, Cor- 
nelius and Israel. The latter with Ids family having 
died, the former afterwards sold the places and went 
West. Rebecca Shriver died Nov. 24, 1S12, aged 
seventy years, ten months, and three days. 

Mordecai Gist, so distinguished in the Revolution- 
ary struggle, was a son of Capt. Thomas Gist and 
Susan Cockey, and was born in Baltimore Town, Feb. 
22, 1742. He was edu- 
cated at St. Paul's Parish 
School, Baltimore City, 
and at the breaking out 
of the Revolution was a 
merchant doing business 
on Gay Street. The Gists 
/ were early emigrants to 
i' Maryland, and took an 

active part in the affairs 
of the province. Chris- 
topher Gist was of Eng- 
lish descent, and died in 
Baltimore County in 1691. His wife was Edith 
Cromwell, who died in 1694. They had one child, 
Richard, who was surveyor of the Western Shore, and 
was one of the commissioners in 1729 for laying off 
Baltimore Town, and was presiding magistrate in 
1736. In 1705 he married Zipporah Murray. Chris- 
topher Gist, one of his sons, because of his knowledge 
of the country on the Ohio and his skill in dealing 
with the Indians, was chosen to accompany Washing- 
ton on Ids mission in 1758, and it was from his jour- 
nal that all subsequent historians derive their account, 
of that expedition. Christopher Gist, the son of 
Richard, married Sarah Howard, the second daughter 
of Joshua and Joanna O'Carroll Howard, and had 
four children, — Nancy, who died unmarried, and 
Thomas, Nathaniel, and Richard. Christopher, with 
his sons Nathaniel and Richard, was with Braddock 
on the fatal field of Monongahela, and for his services 
received a grant of twelve thousand acres of land 
from the King of England. It is said that Thomas 
Gist, was taken prisoner at Braddock's defeat, and 
lived sixteen years with the- Indians in Canada. 
Richard married and settled in South Carolina, and 
was killed at the battle of King's Mountain. He has 
descendants yet living in that State. Thomas, after 
his release from captivity, lived with his father on the 
grants in Kentucky, and became a man of note, pre- 
siding in the courts till his death, about 17S6. Gen. 
Nathaniel Gist married Judith Carey Bell, of Buck- 
ingham Coun'y, Va., a grandniece of Archibald 

Carey, the mover of the Bill of Rights in the \ | r . 
giuia House of Burgesses. Nathaniel was a colonel 
in the Virginia Line during the Revolutionary war, 
and died early in the present century at an old age. 
He left two sons, — Henry Carey and Thomas Cecil 
Gi-t. His eldest daughter, Sarah Howard, married 
the Hon. Jesse Bledsoe, a United States senator from 
Kentucky, and a distinguished jurist, whose grandson, 
B. Gvatz Brown, was the Democratic candidate for 
Vice-President in 1872. The second daughter of 
Gen. Nathaniel Gi-t, Aune (Nancy), married Col. 
Nathaniel Hart, a brother of Mrs. Henry Clay. The 
third daughter married Br. Boswell, of Lexington, 
Ky. The fourth daughter, Eliza Violetta Howard 
Gist, married Hon. Francis P. Blair, and they were 
the parents of Hon. Montgomery Blair, ex-Postm aster- 
General, and Gen. Francis P. Blair, Jr. The fifth 
daughter married Benjamin Gratz, of Lexington. Ky. 
Mordecai Gist was a member of the Baltimore Town 
non-importation committee in 1774, and in Decemlxr 
of the same year was captain of the first company 
raised in Maryland. He was three limes married 
His first wife was a Miss Carman, of Baltimore 
County, who died shortly after marriage. His second 
was Miss Sterrett, of Baltimore, who died in giving 
birth to a son. His third was Mrs. Cattell, of Smith 

j Carolina. She also bore him a son. One of the boys 
was named " Independent," the other " States." Gen. 

| Mordecai Gist died at Charleston, S. O, Aug. 2, 17 9-'. 
On Jan. 1, 177*1, the Maryland Convention ap- 

! pointed Mordecai Gist secoud major of Col. Small- 
wood's First Maryland Battalion. In the battle on 
Long Island, in August, 1770, the Maryland regi- 
ment, not numbering more than four hundred anil 

[ fifty, was commanded by Maj. Gist, as Col. Small- 

! wood and Lieut.-Col. Ware were in New York at- 
tending the court-martial of Lieut.-Col. Zedwilz. On 
Washington's retreat through New Jersey. Maj. Gist's 
Marylanders were reduced to one hundred and ninety 

! effective men, who with Lord Stirling's and Gen. 

I Adam Stephen's brigades covered the retreat. Maj. 

, Gist's (formerly Smallwood's) regiment, on Dee. 1, 

; 1770, re-enlisted for three years. In February, 1777, 
Gen. Smallwood sent Col. Mordecai Gist with a de 

I taehment against the Somerset and Worcester County 
Tories and insurgents, who were put to flight, many 

\ captured, and the others forced into obedience by his 
stern measures, and the disaffection quieted by over- 
awing and quelling the insurgents. The battle of 

' Brandywinc was fought Sept. 11. 1777, when Col. 
Gist was at home attending his sick wife, but on 

| learning of its disastrous termination, by a special 

1 express lie instantly rejoined the army with reinforce- 


ments collected at home. In May, 1779, when | 
Maryland was threatened with British invasion, on | 
the application of its Governor, Col. Gist was ordered 
to that Stale, and assumed command of its defenses. 
Gen. DeKalb, who died on the third day after lie was 
wouuded, near Camden, S. 0. (Aug. 1G, 1780), in ' 
»,;.. last moments dictated letters to Gens. Gist and 
Smallwood expressive of his affection for them and 
t toir men, who had so nobly stood by him in that 
deadly battle. In tiiis battle DeKalb led a bayonet 
charge with Co!. Gist's Second Maryland Brigade, 
drove the division under Rawdon, took fifty prison- 
ers, hut fell exhausted after receiving eleven wounds. 
Congress voted thanks to Gens. Gist and Smallwood 
and their men. In June, 1781, Gen. Gist joined 
Lafayette's army on the march to Yorktown with the 
Maryland levies. On Nov. 21, 1783, at a meeting 
,if the officers of the Maryland Line to form a State 
Society of the Cincinnati, Gnu. Otho II. Williams 
presided, and Lieut. -Col. Eceleston was secretary. 
Maj.-Gen. Win. Smallwood was made permanent 
president; Brig.-Gen. Mordecai Gist, vice-president ; 
Col. Nathaniel Ramsey, treasurer; and Brig.-Gen. 
Otho If Williams, secretary. 

Joshua Gist, one of the early settlers in Carroll 
County, was a brother of Gen. Mordecai Gist, and i 
was born in Baltimore Town, Oct. 1G, 1743. His j 
| irenb were Capt. Thomas and Susan (Cockey) 
Gist. His grandfather was Richard Gist, son of 
Christopher, the emigrant. During the administra- 
ti in of John Adams, near the close of the last century | 
' 1 7 W 4 i, an excise duty was laid on stills. This 
created what was theu known as the " Whisky In- j 
• irrcction" by those opposed to the tax. The rebel- | 
lion became so formidable, particularly in Western 
Pennsylvania, that Washington, at the request ofPresi- 
•'•iit Adams, took the field in person as commander of 
ih forces raised to suppress it. The excitement ex- 
'■ •'■led to what is now Carroll County, and the 
' V> hisky Boys" marched in a band into Westminster 
*'id set up a liberty -pole. The people of the town 
became alarmed and sent out for Col. Joshua Gist, 
•no thin commanded a regiment of the militia. 
» no colonel, who was known to be a brave man, 
turned his horse, rode into town, drew his sword, 
" r ' 1, 'i-d the pole to be cut down, and placing his foot 

■ «'. >' was cut to pieces, when the Boys left, lie 
''- ,! N'ov. 17,1839, aged ninety-one years, one month, 
Hi day. 
' '■■ Gist family graveyard in Carroll County contains 
1 • -' v, - of the following members of the family: 

■'u-hiin Gist, died Nov. 17, 1839, aged 91 year?, 1 month, 

Harriet Dorsey, wife of Nicholas Dorsey, and daughter of 
Col. Joshua Gist, died Juue 2j, 1804, aged 74 years and !S 

Sarah (Harvey) Gift, wife of Col. Joshna Gist, died June C, 
1S27, aged 72 years, 7 months, and I days. 

Sarah (Gist), wife of Lewis A. Bcatty, died March 30th, in 
her 27th year. 

Rachel, wife of Independent Gist, died May 2. 1S30. aged 
JO years, 1 month, and 15 day-'. 


of (leu. Mordecai Gist, died Sept. 16, 1821 

Richard Gist, died Aug. 6, 1SI4. aged 23 years. 

Mary (J., wife of Slates Linjrnn Gist, and daughter of States 
Gist, of Charleston, S. C, died Feb. S. IS 17. aged 30 years. 

Bradford PorcherGist, bom Ma} 28, 1842, died Jan 2, IS65. 
IJe was a soldier of the Union, and died from disease contracted 
while a prisoner. 

Richard Milton, infant son of Mordecai and Elizabeth (Orn- 
dorff) Gist, died Sept. 1?,, 1S71. 

Maggie, only child of George W. and Mary Owiogs. died 
Sept. 21, 1S63, aged 3 years, 1 month, and S days. 

Elizabeth (Gist), wife of Joseph Woods, born June S, 1-41. 
died Hoc. 3, 1873; and her daughter. Mary, died (jet. 15, 1-77. 
aged 3 years. -1 months, and 2fi days. 

Rachel, infant daughter of Mordecai and Elizabeth (Orn- 
dorlT) Gist, died 1S73. 

The Gists were of English descent, and took au 
active part in the affairs of the province. Christo- 
pher Gist married Edith Cromwell, sister of Richard 
Cromwell, a son or brother of Oliver Cromwell. 
Christopher Gist died in Baltimore County in 1691, 
and his wife, Edith, in 1G94. Their only child, 
Richard Gist, married Zipporah Murray, by whom he 
had three, sons — Christopher, Nathaniel, and Thomas — 
and four daughters, — Edith, Bulb, Sarah, and Jemima. 
Christopher married Sarah Howard. Edith was mar- 
ried to Abraham Vaughan, Both to William Lewis, 
Sarah to John Kennedy, and Jemima to Mr. Sea- 
brook. Thomas Gist married, July 2, 1735, Miss 
Susannah Cockey, daughter of John and Elizabeth 
Cockey, by whom the following children were born : 
1, Elizabeth, bom Dec. 24, 1736; 2, John. Nov. 22, 1738; ?., 
Thomas, March 30, 1741 ; 4, Gen. Mordecai Gist, Feb. 22, 
1742; 5, Richard, Nov. 1, 1740; 6, Joshua. Oct. Hi, 1746; 
7, Rachel, Sept. 17, 1750; and, S, David, April 29, 17;"'::. 

Thomas Gist died May 24, 1787, aged seventy- 
four years and uiue months, and his children died as 
follows: Elizabeth, March 6, 1826; John, July 1G, 
1800; Thomas, Nov. 22, 1813; Gen. Mordecai Gist, 
Sept. 12, 1792; Richard, Nov. 1746 (an infant); 
Rachel, Sept. 8, 1825; Joshua, Nov. 17, 1839; and 
David, Aug. 3, 1820. Of these, as we have stated, 
Gen. Mordecai Gist first married a Mrs. Carman, of 
Baltimore County, who died shortly after marriage; 
his second wife was Miss Sterrett, of Baltimore, who 
died Jan. 8, 177!), in giving birth to a son ("Inde- 
pendent); and bis third wife was Mrs Cattell, of 
South Carolina, who bore him a son named States. 
These were bis only children. 


Col. Josluui Gist, son of Thomas and Susannah 
(Cockey) Gist, and brother of Gen. Mordecai Gist, 
married, March 21, 1772, Sarah Harvey, who was 
born Nov. 2, ]7. r j5, and died June 2, 1S27. Their 
children were : 

father, Col. Joslma Cockey. Col. Cockey before tli 
Revolution, about 1705, bad removed from Baltiin r , 
Town and entered or purchased two tracts of lain 
containing about four hundred acres. He built a lo 

(1 Deo. 7, 1823. 
ricd Joshua Jones, 

A.Beatty, an,] 

1. Anna, born Feb. 24, 1774, died Aug. 26. 

2. Jnmos Harvey, born Pec. 29, 

3. Susannah, born March 21, 1 
and died Oct. 8, 1817. 

•1. Rachel, born March 17, 1780, died May 2, 1830. 

5. Mordecai. born June 20, 1782. 

6. Polly Julia, born June 3, 17S4. 

7. Thomas, born April 1, 17S6. 
S. Sarah, born June 17. 17SS, u 

died March?.], 1815. 

9. Harriet, bom June 7, 1790, married Nicholas Darsey, 
died June 25. 1S64. 

10. Joshua Cockey, born Sept. lo. 1792, died March 27, 

11. George Washington, born Dec. 18, 1795, died Nov. 20, j 
] 85-1. 

12. Federal Ann Bonaparte, born Aug- 1*, 1791. and is the 
only one surviving of Ibe, above twelve children. 

Independent Gist, eldest son of Gen. Mordecai Gist, 
married, Jan. 8, 1807, Rachel Gist, daughter of Col. 
Joshua Gist, bis own cousin. He died Sept. 16, 
1821, and his wife May 2, 1830. Their children 
were : 

1. Mary Sterrett, born Sept. 1, 1S0S, and living. 

2. Joshua Thomas, born Sept. 15, 1S10, and living. 

3. Slates Lingan, born July SI, 1812, died Nov. 9, 1879. 

4. Mordecai, born Oct. 16, IS14. and living. 

5. Independent, born Aug. 15, 1S16, died Juno 29, 1859. 

6. George Washington, born July 10, 1S19, fought in the 
Union army under Gen. Sheridan in late war, and still living. 

7. Richard, born Sept. 1, 1.821, died Aug. 6, 1844. 

lands belonged to I 
patented to Edwi 

Of the above children, States Lingan married Mary 
G. Gist, June 13, 1836, who died Feb. 8, 1817. 
Their children were : 

1. Mary, born April 7, 1S37. 

2. Mordecai Joseph, born May 29. 1838. 

3. Independent, born June 10, 1840. 

4. Bradford Porcher, born May 28, 1842, died Jan 2, 1800. 

5. Elizabeth Surah, born June 8, 1814, married Joseph 
Woods, and died Dec. 3, 1S73. 

6. Richard Joshua, born Sept. 14, 1845, died July 21, 1864. 

States Gist, second and youngest son of Gen. Mor- 
decai Gist, married Sarah Branford Porcher and lived 
in Charleston, S. C. 

The subject of this sketch, Mordecai Gist, son of 
Independent Gist, and grandson of Gen. Mordecai 
Gist, was born Oct. 16, 1814, in Frederick County, 
four miles from Taneytown. After his father's death, 
when but two years of age, his mother removed to 
Western Run, in Carroll County, and when be was 
about sixteen years old his mother moved to the farm 
on which he now resides, then the property of her 


house which burned down in 1795, when be erected 
j part of the present mansion. He subsequently made 
; an addition to it, as did afterwards Mordecai Gi-t, the 
i present owner. Fart of these 
tract known as " Fell's Dale,' 
Fell in 1712. Mordecai Gist was educated in the old 
briek school-house still standing in Westminster in 
the cemetery near the "Old Union Meeting-House.' 
Among his teachers were Mr. White and Charles \V. 
Webster. His place now consists of one hundred and 
eighty acres of land, lying a mile and a half south 
of Westminster, on which he has resided for the pasl 
sixteen years. 

He was married Nov. 7, 1 S48, to Elizabeth, daugh- 
ter of Joseph and Mary (Byeis) Orndorff, by whom 
he has bad the following children : 

Joseph Independent, born Nov. 18, 1850, and married, Mm ''• 
5, 1878, to Debbie ];'. Nolson. 

Rachel, born Dec. 28, 1852, died Jan. 2. 185:-:. 

Harriet Ann, born April 27, 1854, and married to Sila>: ,! 
Gaitskill, Oct. 4, 1870. 

Joshua, born Nov. 22, 1850, and married to Susie 13. Noi". 

:«. 7, 1S7S. 
William Mordecai, born Aug. 
Mary Alverda. born .March. \i 
George Washington, born Sept 
Robert, born July 24, 1808. 
Richard Milton, born Nov. 24. 



Mr. Gist is oue of tlie best practical farmers in the 
county, and pays special attention to dairying, selling 
his milk, save in the winter, when it is made into bul- 
;, r. He belongs to the Methodist. Episcopal Church, 
and for thirty-five years has been a member of Car- 
roll Division, No. 42, Sons of Temperance. During 
the late civil war he was a strong supporter of the 
Union, In his spacious parlor hang elegant oil-por- 
traits of his paternal and maternal grandfathers, Gen. 
Mordccai Gist and Col. Joshua Gist, with their wives. 
While Gen. Gist,...-!' the Maryland line, was fighting 
die British in many battles, his brother, Col. Joshua 
Gist, was effectively sustaining the Continental cause 
at home, holding the Tories in check by his bold 
measures, which made him the terror of the disaf- 
fected and the idol of the Revolutionary Whigs. 

The Van Bibbeis were an ancient Holland family, 
its progenitor in this country being a ('apt. Isaac 
Van Bibber, a native of Am-ter.lnui, who came to 
America in command of a vessel belonging to Lord 
Baltimore's fleet, and settled in Cecil County, Md. 
From him descended Isaac Van riibber, a native of 
Bohemia Manor in that county, who verj early lo- 
cated in what is now Baltimore County, and was a 
famous sea-captain and voyageur, owning the ship 
he commanded. He married a Chew, of Philadelphia. 
His son, Washington Van Bibber, born in Baltimore, 
was one of the defenders of that city in 1814. lie 
became an extensive farmer in Westminster District, 
and owned pan of the old Leigh Master estate, Avon- 
dale, where the Master furnace was established in 
17CL' to 1765. The Van Bibbeis were members of 
ihc Protestant Episcopal Church, and " Ascension 
church" in Westminster was largely built by their 
contributions and active support. His son, Dr. 
Washington Chew Van Bibber, was born near Avon- 
dale, July 24, 1824, and married, in 1848, Josephine, 
youngest daughter of Dr. Peter Chatard, an eminent 
physician of Baltimore. His success and ability in 
'he medical profession of Baltimore, where over a 
'bird of a century he has been in practice, places him 
alongside of the most honored of its members. 

St. Benjamia's (Kreiger's) Union Lutheran and 
Reformed Church, the joint place of worship of the 
Lutheran and Reformed congregations, was organized 
1,1 1763. On April 1-1, 1763, the members of each 
congregation entered into articles of agreement to 
toiM a church. Those signing it on the part of the 
Reformed denomination were .lost Runkel, Valentine. 
laurrer, Benedict Schwob, Daniel Zacharias (the 
four elders), David Shrivcr (there signed as Devaith 
Climber), Peter Bender, Jacob Cassel, Henry NefT, 
Jacob Ileldenbeidel, Henry Warman, Valentine Bast, 

F. T. Drcyer, Valentine Fleigel, Peter Kraul, John 
Greyder (afterwards corrupted into Kreider), Daniel 

In 1763 was erected the. first church, a story and 
! a half log structure, which stood until 1807, when the 
i present building, a two-story brick structure of an- 
cient architecture, was elected on the same site. It 
was built on a tract of land called " Brown's Delight." 
i The first four baptisms were in 1763, by Rev. William 
i Otterbein, a German Reformed missionary of Balti- 
; more, who for six years previous had been traveling 
' through Frederick County (of which this section 
I was then a part) preaching and holding religious ser- 
1 vices. The lour children baptized were those of John 
I Greyder (Kreider), viz. : John Peter (born May 25, 
' 1754), John, Jacob, and Elizabeth. On May S, 
1766, this pioneer church had thirty-six eotnmuui- 
j cants, nearly all heads of families. It is located on 
| the Gettysburg turn], ike, on the left side going from 
Westminster, and a mile and a half from that town. 
Its first Reformed preacher was the Rev. Jacob Lichey, 
1 and Rev. Jacob Wiestling was pastor before 1813. 
I .Since 1810 its pastors have been: 

1819-41, Jacob Gciger ; 1842-44, William Philips; 1844 , 

John G. Wolf; William F. Collitlower, W. Wissler, John W. 
Iloffmeier; 186S-76, William C. Cremer; IS76-S2, J. G. 

Adjoining the church is perhaps the oldest burying- 

J ground in the county, which is still in an excellent state 

i of preservation. It was laid out in 1763, in which 

: year the first interments were made in its grounds. 

i The inscriptions on the earliest stones are in German, 

and for about the first thirty years are illegible, owing 

to the corrosion of time. The dates of the births and 

deaths of many here buried are given : 

John Sehweigart, born in Berks County, Pa,, Dec. 2. 1TS5, 
died Jiin. 30, 1S53. 

Christian Seb wcigarl, born in March, 1 702, died June, 1S46; 
and his wife, Dorothy, born Dec. 6, 17G3, died Dec. 10, 1S3S. 
Jacob Marker, born March 11, 1786, died Dec. S, 1S79; and 
I his wife, Catharine, born Dec. 26, 1797, died Feb. 6, 1859. 
Mary Myerly, born June 1, Kill', died Jan. S, 1S17. 
Jacob Graniuicr, died March 13, lsli, aged 66. 
Johannes Scbna-uffer, bom Nov. 13, 1752, died Scot. :., 1776; 
and his wife, Christina, bun. in 1756, died Oct. Id, ISIS. 

John Diffcnbougb, born Nov. 24, 1766, died April 16, 1814; 
I and his wife, Evo Catharine, born Sept. 22, 1766, died April 26, 

Catharine Klein, born Dec. 1, 17110, died May 19, ] 
I.amicc Farmwalt, born March '.I, 171.;, died July 

if- "f < 


.1 da 

of Co 

Sherman, born .April 2, 17SG, died Feb. o, 1852. 

William II. Editor (editor of .1 ,<(/,'< o.'-.S'e.f./acr" many ; 
died Jan. 11, 1S62, aged 39. 

Jacob Schacffor, died Feb. 2, ISM, aged 70; and Sus; 
wife, bom March 24. 1781, died March 2c, ls.,2. 

John Sehaelici, born June 11, IT:.:,, died March 11, \^2: 
his wife, Mary, born Sept. 5, ITCo, died May 12, ISM. 

n, his 


Mary Magdaleno, wife of Abraham Kurt/., born Nov. 5, 1783, 
died Dec. S, 1827. 

Jacob Utz, Sr., died Nov. 5, 1826, aged 61, 

Jacob Utz, Jr.. died Aug. 1, 1826, agcl 27. 

Jacob Ilonry, born March 15, 1791, died May 22, 1861. 

George Henry, born Feb. 25, 1781, died Sent. 30, I860; an J 
bis wife, Margaret, born Jan. 20, 1781, died Feb. 5, 1858. 

George Crowl, bom Oct. 26, 1795, .lied Feb. 4, 1865 ; and hia 
wife, lleheecc., born Jan. 1, 1793, died July 29, IM',2. 

Hunnah, wifo of Michael Sullivan, born July 23, 17911, died 
Nov. 5. 1840. 

Peter I c ant7., died Nov. 22, 1840, aged 70. 

Anna Marin Keller, wife of Jacob Keller, died Aug. 1, 1841, 
aged 79. 

Elizabeth Krisc, born July 20, 1781, died Get. 24, 1^50. 

Micajah Stansbury, die.! July 14, 1858, aged >b ■ and bis wife, 
Mary M., Nov. 18, IS61, aged 78. 

James Beggs, born in County Antrim, sud Parish Cnrulla, 
Ireland, 1752, died Feb. 12, 1829. 

Jobn Beggs (native of panic place), died Feb. 1*8, 1375, aged 

Andrew Reese, .lied April 11, 1794, nge.l 81; and bis wife, 
Barbara, Sept. 15. 1791, aged 71. 

Frederick Boyers, born Oct. ID, 1781, died Feb. 2fi, 1S15. 

Barbara Angel, daughter of John Schaeffer, born March 10, 
17S6 {married to Frederick Buyers, 1S07, by whom she had 
three sons and two daughters; married to Andrew Angel, 1S1G, 
by whom she bad siN children}, died Jan. 18, ]S:i2. 

Jacob Fiickinger, born July 25, 1712, died June 17, 1807 j 
and his wife, Barbara, bore July 25, 1745, died aged 73 years. 

John Reese, born Jan. 20, 1793, died March 5, 185S; and his 
wife. Susan, died Nov. 30, 1875. aged 67. 

Cornelius Sullivan, died 1816, aged 67; and bis wife, Cath- 
erine, born 1753, died 1824. 

David Sullivan, burn June 1, 17*8, died aged 25. 

Mavgarct liver!;., bom 174."., died March 3, ISM. 

Daniel Zaeharias, born April ('., 1777, died April 24, 1813. 

George Pet©] Rinehart, born Oct. 13, 1787, died .May 1, 1815. 

Mary Kuhn, died July IS. 1811. 

George Daniel Zaeharias, died Aug. 24, )807, aged CI. 

Jacob Schaoffer, born Feb. 6, 1723, died February, 1800. 

Wesleyan Methodist Episcopal Church (colored) 
is one aud a half miles from Westminster, due west, 
and its pastor in ISSi was ltev. R. J. Williams. 

In the cemetery adjoining are buried 

Jesse Cromwell, died Feb. 2.--, 1S74, aged 74. 

Ann Hays, died July 2, 1880, aged 78. 

D. Woodward, aged 85. 

Rebecca Cross, horn Sept. 5, 1818, died Feb. 15, 1S5S. 

Maria Buchanan, died Dec. 31, 1S69, aged 75. 

Dinah Smith, aged 78. 

Tlie following graves, among others, are found in 
the German Baptist cemetery, situated in Westmin- 
ster District, between Westminster and Frizzelberg: 


I John Hoop, died Sept. I, 1808, nged 58 years, 2 months, : , 

Lydia, his wife, died Feb. 4, 1S79, aged 01 years, (5 months 
21 days. 

Rebecca Reese, died Oct. 10, 1872, aged CS years, 11 mom] 
18 days. 

Chas. li. Stoner. died Oct. 26, 1878, aged 22 years, 8 mom;,., 
11 days. 

Lovina, his wife. died, aged 17 years, 11 months, 9 days. 

David Roop, bom Dec. 21, 1795. died Nov. 19. 1878. 

Mary, wife of Abraham Cassell, born April 5, 1822, died Jh|j 
28, 1879. 

Abraham Cassell, died Aug. 30, 1S77, aged 60 years, 1 month 

6 Clays. 

David Petry, bun Feb. 25, 1821, died Aug. 10, 1878. 

Peter Benedict, born May 1. 1797. .lie! Feb. 12, 1859. 

John Hoffman, dud April 25, 182.',. aged SO years. 

Dolly, his wife, born May 23. 1755, died Sept. 4, ISIS. 

Isaac Kurtz, born Sept. 27. 1811. .lied March 22, 1831. 

Richard Belt, .lied Ma, eh 28, 1S05, aged 57 years. 2 morn' 
21 days. 

Anna C. Miller, died Sept. 2. 1S02, aged 32 years, S rem!] 
15 days. 

John P. Kanffman, born May 31, 1818, died Jan. 10. 1S72, 

Margaret, wife of (icorge Kauffman, born March 13, !7i 
died Sept. 3, 1858. 

Louisa, wife of Peter Myers, born April 5, 1709, died An 
20, 185S. 

Anna A. Miller, died Jan. 3, 1857. nged 22. 

J. (I. Miller, die) Feb. 28, IS63, aged 29 years, 1 month, 

Mary, wife of John N. Harman, died April 18, 1805. ug 
50 years, 3 day,. 

Elizabeth Diffcnbougb, died April 18, 1S0S. aged 60 yea 
11 months, 14 days. 

George Decker, born Jan. 11, 1791, died Doc. 31), 1872. 

Eli (,'. Butlcr.dicd April 4, 1880, aged 03 ;,. ira. 

Sarah Routson, died March 19,lS7S,agcd 88 years, 7 1 ill 

19 days. 

Frederick Tawney, died Dec. 29. 1871, aged 53 yen-. 
month-', 23 days. 

Catherine, wife of R. Bcggs, died Nov. 5, 1877, aged 56 y. • 
2 months. 24 days. 

Rebecca, wife of Samuel Myers, born June 12, 1793, m 
March 19, 1S53. 

Elmira F. Tawnoy, born May 5, 181.., died Oct. 9, 1861. 

George IIarm:,n, bom May 28. 1783, .lid March 1 I. 1S5S. 

Eliza Harman, born April 8, 1814. died Nov. II. I860 

Lucinda Royer, born May 5, 1820, died May 28. IS40. 

Peter Royer. born Aug. 17. 1775. died July 22. !-sl2. 

Anna, bis wife, .lied Jan. 7, 1S5S, aged So years, months, 

AnnaWcy bright, died Dec. 17, 1855. aged 52 years. I muni 

Mary, daughter of Peter and Ann Royer, wife and v.;' 
respectively of Jacob Mering and John Burgord, died Jan. . 
1879, aged 73 years. 

.I.d.n Buyer, died Oct. 22. 1865, aged 52 years. 9 nthf 

Sarah, .rife 

nged : 

, Sr., died He-. 17, 1.V37, aged 

Catharine, wife of John 
1 years, I month-, 10 day*. 
J, | )n II ... born Nov. 12, 1770, died June 21, 1852. 
Ann It., v ift of Jacob Petry, bom Nov. 4, 1829, died Feb. 5, 

1 2I **!*■ 

Christian Royer, died March 11,1.-; 0, agi 1 70 ye 
Louisa, wife of David Englar, died Sept. 29. l c 

1 years, 9 no, nth,. 2 days. 

| Polly Suhacflcr. born Sept. 27, 1792, died Jan. 2. 

| Elizabeth Sella < tier, horn Feb. 0, 1795, died Mar 


.Ihirinc Schncflor, died December, 1S7S, aged 81 y< 
th», 10 days. 

, lV i,l. son of Jehu and Margaret Roycr, " who was wo 
,c buttle of the Wilderness, Virginia, May 5, 1864, an 
, morning of the following day," aged 20 years, 7 m 

mrine, wife of John Went!, born Sept. 23, ISIS, died 
9, 1SS0. 
„■ Myers, born Aug. 20, 1797, died Jan. 2, 1SS0. 
id Myers, born Dec. 27, 1S02, died Jan. 23, 1S70. 
is Myers, died Aug. 2, 1876, aged 66 years, 3 months, 2S 


cd53 years, 1 1 inon 
S57, aged 69 year 

wife of C. Albert 


. IS 





n J.i 



died M 


s M: 



A ug. 1 

,,y Piper, died Dec. 31, 1S6C, aged III. 

rkin McGoumf, died .May 10, 1S4S, aged 40. 

nisa Gearing, died March 6, 1S7S, aged 55 years, 9 months, 

y Willi! 

L. Jon 

wrn Dec. 20, 1S2 
el Way 30, 1S7-I 

Tnat portion of Western Maryland now known as 
'airoll County is filled with legends and romances, 
.'. none is remembered so well by the oldest inhab- 
mt, or believed in so firmly by the superstitious, as 
The Ghost of Furnace Hills." Le j^h M aster came 

this country from New Hall, Lancashire, England, 
. ;he early part of the eighteenth century. He was 
hen quite a young man, full of enterprise and energy, 
• •! had come to " the new country" for the purpose 

ui earthing the hidden treasures and making a ('or- 
otic llicrefroui. No place presented more promising 

lucemeuts than that portion of Maryland situated 

lew miles west of Westminster. When Leigh 

- Her took possession of the Furnace Hill property, 

- known as •• Avondale," and owned by Thomas E. 
Bibber, he set to work to build furnaces and dig 

'■ llic ore which he found in such profusion. Hence 
'■■■ i.amc of" furnace Hills." He not only owned a 

' ■' • hut also large tracts of laud, some five or 

1 thousand acres, about Avondale, New Windsor, 

: - «"„d, and Pipe Creek. He owned at one time 

' following tracts of laud : 


ut of '; , 

ivid's Choice 

■li Company's Defense 

n-t ol Bi 

dd K«-c..i 

-c ' ' ' 

ug mi Si 


be 1'ao'ib 
rawl cny 


e Angled Triangle 

,.nev 11 

He was a man of means and an enterprising citi- 
zen, and also aspired at one time, in 17SG, to repre- 
sent Frederick County in the Slate Legislature, but 
he was not successful as a politician. He was rather 
"inclinable," to use the expressive word of that day, 
to the British side of public affairs, which was not the 
popular side at that time, lie owned considerable 
mountain land, and old Ben Biggs used to tell a queer 
story about his wrapping himself up in a white sheet 
and going through the woods at night, crying, "Stick, 
stuck," which seared a great many timid people, and 
secured for him an unsavory reputation. He was a 
great wag. One poor fellow, a little superstitious, 
in going through a woods from a neighbor's house, 
with a long pole balanced over his shoulders and 
hung full of shad and herring, ran against Master's 
ghost, and hearing his voice shouting " Stick, stuck," 
was so frightened at the strange apparition that he 
took to his heels, and dropped all his fish on the 
ground in his rapid flight, hallooing to his old woman, 
as he came in sight of the house, for God's sale to 
open the door, as Leigh Master's ghost was after him. 
Much of his land was surveyed and recorded in 
the old books of Frederick County Court in the days 
before the Revolution, and during the reign of George 
Darnall was clerk and George Scott 


III., win 


He employed 
to work the fur 
time the mines w 

number of hands, bought negroes 
aces and plantation, and in a short 
re in a promising condition, and the 
name of Leigh Master was known throughout the 
country. Among the slaves who worked the furnaces 
at "Furnace Hills" was one "Sam," an object of 

From what cause Ids violent dislike sprang tradition 
does not tell, but Sam disappeared very mysteriously 
one dark night, when the furnaces were in I'uil blast, 
and from that time Leigh Master was never known to 
mention his name. Years rolled by, and after a long 
life he died, on the morning of the 22d day of March, 

92 fj 


179G, in the eightieth year of his age. In all proba- 
bility liis name would have perished also but for the 
vague rumors concerning the sudden and mysterious 
disappearance of the ill-fated negro, and the strange 
scenes and extraordinary sounds which followed so 
closely upon his death, accounts of which have been 
handed down from father to sou through all these 
years, and have probably gathered strength in their 
travels. Suspicions of a desperate deed committed 
by Leigh Master during his lifetime began to be 
whispered about, and old men remembered, or thought 
they did, a seared and haunted look in his eyes, which 
they attributed to the constant dread of the discovery 
of his miserable secret. And thus the rumor spread, 
gathering as it went, until it was told that Leigh 
Master had taken the life of his despised slave, and 
had cast him into the furnace, that he might hide all 
traces of his crime. 

To show that people were at least as superstitious in 
those days as at the present time the following uuique 
fable is given : One dark night as a workman was re- 
turning home from a neighbor's house, he heard a 
rustling, hurried sound at the edge of the woods 
skirting the Furnace Hill, and in an instant Leigh 
Master rode past him, crying aud begging for mercy 
upon his miserable soul. The terror-stricken man 
was rooted to the spot, aud stood trembling like a leaf, 
when suddenly the vision appeared the second time, 
urging his horse to its utmost speed, while the rattling 
of chains and horrible groans were heard in the dis- 
tance. A third time the spirit of Leigh Master ap- 
peared with agony on its face, and a third time the 
noises were heard. Thus night after night strange 
sounds and scenes wore witnessed in the furnace 
woods. Sometimes the spirit was followed by three 
little imps carrying lanterns, and creeping stealthily 
along as if in search of some object. Sometimes 
Leigh Master would appear at one portion of the hill, 
as if he was seeking to hide something, but always on 
a gray horse, emitting flames and smoke from his 

And thus the story passed from mouth to mouth, 
till at length the sound of human footsteps in the 
haunted woods was a thing unknown alter nightfall, 
and the ghosts held undisputed possession. 

Whether Leigh Master got tired of roaming around, 
or whether the three little imps found what they were 
seeking, is not known ; but the ghosts of Furnace Hill 
disappeared with the furnaces aud the superstition of 
the people, and nothing is left now but an old gray- 
stone, marking the resting-place of the once famous 
owner of Furnace Hill, and bearing the following in- 
scription : 

"Leigh Master, Esquire, 

Into of 

New Hull, Lancashire, 


Died the 22d day of March, 

1 796. 

Aged 7'J years." 

In 1S7G, Lev. Isaac L. Nicholson, Jr., of the V. }.. 
Church (Ascension), had the remains of Mr. Master 
removed to the parish cemetery at Westminster. He 
was a member of a notable English family, but a 
roving disposition forced him to leave his native home 
in early life and migrate to America. The ruin- . . 
the furnace arc still standing. To Master is attribul 
the unfortunate introduction of the white blossom, . i 
! daisy, into this country, the bane of farmers to this 
day. It is related that he sent to the old country 
for English clover-seed, and that, this daisy-seed was 
sent him by mistake, and that he sowed the seed f.r 
and wide before the irretrievable error was discovered. 
They are known as "Caroline pinks," or "Leigh 
Master's clover," in the neighborhood where he lived. 
j Some of the descendants of the Master family are still 
j living in England, among them Rev. Charles Shreyus- 
hani, Vicar of Wiltshire, Salisbury. 

The tradition as to Leigh Master's slave and hi 
i imagined untimely taking off only obtained credenc 
I with the ignorant, and superstitious, for careful in: 
I tigation shows that while Leigh Master was a rougli 
man in manners, — no uncommon thing in early day.-, 
— he was an honest, charitable, and public-spiritt I 
i citizen, and the very soul of honor and manliness. 
j He left, by will all his Carroll County real estate ; 
I his sou Charles, living in England (where his motli r 
I had died before her husband, Leigh Master, came i 
America), with this condition precedent, that ! 
' became a naturalized citizen of the United Stan-. 
Charles came to Maryland, sold this realty, and re 
turned to England without, ever becoming a natur.i- 
I ized citizen of this country. Though often thn ■'- 
ened, the will of Leigh Master has never as yet bc<" 
disturbed by litigation. 

The death of August Shriver, which oecurn i 
July 2S, 1872, was quite sudden, and a severe sb ■ 
to his numerous relatives aud friends. Mr. Sbrivrf 
occupied the position of president of the Wes 
Maryland Railroad in the early stages of its hist. . 
aud contributed much to the building of the road 
his efficient management. At the time of his deal 
he was president of the First National Dank of \V< 
minster, which office he had tilled with great en ■ 
since its establishment. lie dispensed u 
hospitality at his mansion in Carroll County, an 1 ' 
heartfelt courtesy aud suavity made him many friei 


:. ., v ..r, well known in Baltimore by reason of his 
■ .: kinp connections. He was president of the Car- 
; County Agricultural Society, and a successful 
-.,,., r on a large scale. The news of his death 
•I much regret, not only in the community in 
, hid) he lived, but also in other portions of the State, 
»here he was well known. His public spirit and 
....■fulness were exhibited in many undertakings in 
•.. liicli he was concerned, and his death caused a loss 

; this respect which was widely frit. In all his acts 

i elicited the confidence and esteem of those who 

■•;•• brought into association with him, and he en- 

,,,1 the reputation of a worthy gentleman and a 

ithful and efficient officer. At various periods of 

:- life he filled a number of positions of importance, 
■!■ ::!l of which he gave entire satisfaction to those 
»hose interests were in his charge, Faithfulness in 
ihc discharge of duty and an unswerving adherence 
to correct principles were the leading characteristics 
of a more than ordinarily successful life. 

'I lie 11 on. Jacob Ponder died Sunday, Feb. 13, 
1870. at his residence near Westminster, in the 

• venty-eighth year of his age. Mr. Ponder had 
tilted many prominent positions in his native county, 

ud was much respected for his gentlemanly demeanor 
•::1 courtesy towards all with whom lie had business 
transactions. At the time of his death he was the 
chief judge of tin' Orphans' Court of Carroll County, 

• position which he filled with great satisfaction to 
!!"• people. He was on several occasions a member 
"1 the State Legislature. 

The Spring Mills Lead-Mine is on the property of 
Fohn T. Hill, one mile south of Westminster, on the 
Western Maryland Railroad. Mr. Hill discovered the 
le] -its in March, 1878. The ore is said to be very 
'edi, assaying about eighty-five to ninety per cent. 
1 pon the same properly has also been discovered a 

- 1 quality of iron ore, the vein being from twenty 

: " thirty feet in width. Gilberg & Lilly, of Phila- 
lelphia, in 1879, leased the mineral right to this 
property, and explored it to learn its real value in 
««d and iron. An engine from the Taylor Manu- 
facturing Company was taken to the scene of Opera- 
IKJDS, and is used in hoisting out ore and draining the 

' William E. Aiken, of the University of Maryland, 
| Baltimore, who sent him the following analysis: 

'•University of JIabvum., 

"July 7, 1S70. 
"John C. Fiuzell: 

" My diar Sir, — I have just completed the qualitative anal- 
ysis of the sample of mineral water you sent me. and herewith 
send results: a gallon of water contains 15. 7G grains of saline 
matter. This quantity, taken in connection with the character 
of salts present, will fully entitle the water Id the name of a 
mineral water. The coulciit- ■>! the water are 

Sulphuric a. 

• acid. 



if the last a tr: 


John C. Fmell, of West 
"»{?s on his estate which 1 

iter, had several 

pposed contained 

erties, as a number of his friends had 

fable benefit from the use of the water, 

ggestion he had it analyzed. The water 

• i-u highly recommended by physicians as 

•tic. During (he first part of duly, 1870 

'd some of 

die hands of Prof. 

Alumina, a trace. 

Organic vegetable matter. 
" The above substances, arranged in their order of the well- 
known combinations, may be considered as representing the 
following compounds, which give the mineral character and 
medicinal value of the water: 

•■ Bicarbonate of lime. 
Bicarbonate of magnesia. 
Bicarbonate of iron. 
Sulphate of lime. 
Sulphate of soda. 
Sulphate of magnesia. 
Chloride of sodium. 
Alumina, , 

Silicic acid, Uf each a trace. 

Organic vegetable matter, J 

" Respectfully, etc., 

"William E. Aiken. 
" P.S.— The copious deposit that falls when the matter stands 
for a time consists almost, wholly of oxide of iron." 

Westminster, the commercial centre of the district, 
is the county-seat of Carroll County, and contained in 
1880 a population of 2507 inhabitants. Though not 
the oldest it is the largest and most important town 
in the county. It is situated on Parr's Ridge, at the 
head-waters of the Patapsco, about thirty-three miles 
from Baltimore. The town was laid out in 1701 by 
William Winchester, and the principal street was 
called King Street, showing that at the lime it was 
I founded its proprietor was loyal to the mother-country. 
[ William Winchester was born in London, England, 
' Dec. 22, 171". He came to America and settled in 
Maryland, March G, 1729, and married Lydia Rich- 
ards, duly 22, 1747. He died Sept, 2, 1790. The 
; town was first named Winchester, in honor of its 
; founder, but the name was subsequently changed by 
i an act of the General Assembly to Westminster be- 
■ cause of the number of towns bearing the same name, 
i notably Winchester in Virginia, which was a source 
I of endless confusion. As if now stands Westminster 



is built on six different tracts of land. The cast end, 
or original Winchester, is on the tract known as 
" While's Level," granted to John White in 1733, 
for 1694 acres. The west end is on the tract called 
" Fanny's Meadow," granted to James Walls in 1741. 
A portion of the town is on. "Bond's Meadow," 
granted to John Ridgley in 17."»o, for 1915 aires. 
"Timber Ridge" and " Bedford," the latter Winter's 
addition, form the site of a part of Westminster; 
" Kclley's Range" takes in the Western Maryland 
College grounds, and " Bond's Meadow Enlarged" 
covers the ground upon which the court house stands. 
Its situation on the main turnpike from Baltimore to 
the West gave the town great advantages in early 
days. Long trains of wagons were constantly passing 
back and forth, all of which selected Westminster as 
a favorite halting-place for rest and refreshment, and 
the town, what there was of it, probably presented a 
more animated and business-like appearance then than 
now. Business methods have undergone such a com- 
plete transformation since then that no just comparison 
can be instituted. 

The Westminster of to-day is very interesting. It 
is perhaps the longest city for its width in America, 
which is mainly due to its early location along the 
pike, the great highway of travel, and the anxiety of 
those who had business interests to place themselves 
in direct communication with the unceasing trade 
and travel encountered at that point. The surround- 
ings of the city are exceedingly picturesque. The 
view from College Hill is very line. A beautiful, un- 
dulating country spreads out for many miles, and on 
very clear days the eye can take in an expanse of 
territory stretching from the Potomac to the Susque- 
hanna. The population of the town is now 2507, 
with a number of handsome church edifices, at least 
foi ty stores, three banks, a college, and several large 
manufactories and warehouses. Some of the older 
residences in Westminster, handsome in themselves, 
possess that mellow tint so attractive to persons of 
taste, and which time alone can give, while those re- 
cently built are embodiments of the culture, and re- 
finement of their owners. The country in the vicinity 
is well watered by the Patapsco and other streams, 
which furnish abundant power for manufacturing 
purposes. It is a very healthy, rich, and productive 
agricultural region. The Western Maryland Railroad 
passes directly through the centre of the town, and 
the numerous trains passing over the road leave 
nothing to be desired in the way of communication 
with distant points. 

lion and copper ore abound in large deposits, and 
are ,-o,c, -fully oiiucd and shipped to Pennsylvania 

and New Yo:&. Quarries containing the fines! varie- 
ties of marbJ'. have been opened, and are worked in 
the vicinity,. The town contains the usual number of 
! county bui!:;ngs, commodious, and well adapted to 
! the purposes far which they were erected. 

The Western Maryland College, a fine four-story 
brick building, is located upon the highest sit i around 
the town, auf is admirably arranged for educational 
purposes. Tie Democratic Adrhcatc builditig, corner 
of Main and Centre Streets, forty by eighty feet, is a 
fair exhibit df the enterprise and energy of the con- 
ductor of this sterling journal. 

The I. 0. 0. F. Hall is an imposing structure, and 
on its first fcor is the large and elegantly-arranged 
office of Tkt American Sentinel, the Republican 
organ of the county. 

Among the earliest settlers up to the year 1800 
were the Winchesters (William and his sons), the 
Fishers (Joilaia and David), Mcliaffies, Wamplers, 
Ilarners, Stam&bury's (Caleb, Sr. and Jr., and Joshua"), 
John Mille;-, Andrew Reese, Sr., Ulerick Ecklcr, 
Mordecai lY:_-c, Jacob Feterling, Jacob Ponder, John 
McComb, Jacob Sherman, Isaac Shriver, Nimrod 
Frizzell, Jaoifo Crousc, Jacob Righter, Thomas Ward, 
Joseph Sbreev, Jacob Fringer, the Yinglings, the 
Nells, Adel-pergers, Lockards, Smiths, Dells. The 
oldest house standing in town is that occupied by 
Peggy Adi ' -iierger. It is a log structure on Main 
Street, ncaVij opposite the " City Hotel," and was 
erected bet'WEen 1777 and 1780. It is yet n substan- 
tial dwelling;', comfortable and neat. Her sister Eliza- 
beth died a few years ago. Their parents, Thomas 
and Betsey, went to this old house, to live after their 
marriage, afeeut a century ago. 

The oldest living person in town is William Crouse, 
who was b'ju in Myers District in 1702, but came to 
Westminster in 1701 with his parents, and has re- 
sided here ever since. He and his wife (Catharine 
Shaeffcr,aged eighty-three years) have lived in happy 
wedlock sij.ty-tl.rce years, since Feb. 15, 1818. His 
father, Jach Crouse, was one of the firs! blacksmiths 
here, succeeding a Mr. Myers, whom he bought out 
in 1791. He was born Oct, 30, 1700, and died Jan. 
1, 184G, and his wife, Elizabeth, born in 1773, died 
Sept. 12, 1820. About the first storekeeper was 
David Fi-ker, and after him Mr. Yingling, and then 
a Mr. Dtz. The earliest schoolmaster remembered 
was Mr. Gynn, who held forth with an iron rule on 
the. plat where Charles T. Reifsnider now resides. 
Jacob Sherman, who was born in Lancaster County, 
Fa., March 7, 175b', and married Elizabeth Wagner, 
Feb. 23, 1770, kept the fust hotel or tavern, where 
the City Hotel is now, until 1807, when he was sue- 


cceded by Isaac St.viver. He died July 7, 1822, but 
his widow survived till Juno 28, 1842. Afterwards, 
taverns were kept by Mr. Winterow and Mr. Wauip- 
lcr. Jacob Wolf at an early period manufactured 
clocks, many of which are still in use over the coun- 
try. When Westminster was made the county-seat 
of the new (Carroll) county in 1837, the town had 
about five hundred inhabitants, but immediately 
thereafter it began to increase in population aud busi- 
ness. It received its greatest impetus, however, upon 
the completion of the Western Maryland Railroad to 
its limits. New additions were made and new streets 
laid out to accommodate the increasing population 
and the wants of trade and awakened enterprise. 

The following legend of early days in Westminster 
is well authenticated : " Many years ago, in the north- 
western part of Maryland, there stood a little village 
bearing the proud English name of Winchester, now 
the beautiful city of Westminster. For a long time 
peace and plenty had smiled upon its inhabitants, and 
they dreamed not of coming evil. It was in the 
midst of summer when God saw fit to send a mighty 
drought upon the laud. Fur many days the scorching 
rays of the sun looked down upon the earth, burning 
and blighting the vegetation, and threatening to bring 
famine upon its truck. Flowers drooped and died, aud 
water — one of God's best and most necessary gifts to 
man — began to fail. In vain the people prayed and 
cried for rain. The citizens of Winchester became 
alarmed, and many of them locked their pumps, and 
refused even a cooling drink to the thirsty traveler or 
the famished beast, lest they should not have enough 
for themselves. Near the eastern end of the village 
dwelt two maiden ladies, aged and respected, who be- 
lieved God would not forsake them in their time of 
need. Unlike their neighbors they did not refuse 
water to any, but unlocking their gate, placed a 
placard near the well bearing the following words, 
' Free admittance to all,- — water belongs to God !' In 
those ancient days railroads were unknown, aud all 
traveling was done by stages or wagons. Emigrants 
were seen passing daily on their road to the great 
West, and the demand for water was constant. The 
doubting citizens advised these two Christian ladies 
to tear down their notice aud close the entrance to 
prevent the water being carried away, or they would 
be left without, but their answer was always the same, 
'The Lord is our Shepherd, we shall not want. We. 
bavc no right to refuse, for water belongs to God.' 
Soon all the wells and springs in the village began to 
fail, and only two remained to supply the demands of 
• be famishing citizens. One of these was the weli 
which had been free to all. The other belonged to an 

old gentleman, who, as soon as ho saw how great was 
the demand for water, guarded it and refused even a 
drop. All flocked to 'God's Well,' as it was now 
called, and its old-fashioned moss-covered bucket was 
never idle. And still the sky was cloudless, and the 
i unrelenting rays of a July sun scorched and burned 
; the earth. A few more days passed, and he who had 
so cruelly refused to give a cup of cold water from 
his plenteous store was obliged to go and beg for 
himself from the unfailing fountain of 'God's Well.' 
The demand on this well became greater day by day, 
but still its sparkling waters refreshed the thirsty 
traveler and the famishing beast. At length a small 
dark cloud was seeu in the sky, and how eagerly it 
was watched ! Larger and larger it grew, till at last 
the whole sky was overcast. The thunder pealed, the 
lightning flashed through the heavens, and the flood- 
gates were opened. The clouds rolled away, and once 
more the whole face of nature smiled, and the grateful 
[ citizens of Winchester thanked God for the glorious 
rain, which had come just in time to save, them from 
perishing. Time has passed rapidly, leaving many 
traces of its flight. Little Winchester is now a prom- 
i ising and thriving city, bearing the name of Wcst- 
i minster. The two noble-hearted Christian ladies, who 
' in the time of need trusted in the Lord and shared 
with their suffering neighbors, have long since found 
their reward in heaven. Their old home has been 
torn dowu, but the ' well' still remains on the old hit 
i of Mrs. Col. James M. Shellman, and though now 
covered over and out of repair, has never been known 
to fail, but to this day is filled with excellent, pure 
, water." 

I The elegant mansion of Mrs. James M. Shellman 
' on Main Street, opposite the City Hotel, was built 
in 1807 by Col. Jacob Sherman. He gave it to his 
| daughter, the wife of David IT. Shriver, who 
j quently removed to Wheeling, W. Ya. Col. Sherman 
was a native of Lancaster County, Pa. He was born 
March 7, 1756, aud married Elizabeth Wagner, Feb. 
23, 1779. He died July 7, 1822, and his wife, June 
j 28, 18-12. His son-in-law, David II. Shriver, who 
j occupied the house in Westminster, was born April 
: 14, 1769, and married Miss Sherman, Feb. 28, 18(13. 
Mrs. Shellman, the owner of this mansion and the 
' old well to which reference is made, is a great grand- 
daughter of Philip Jones, Jr., who surveyed and, with 
three commissioners, laid out Baltimore Town in 1730. 
He was born in Wales, Oct. 25, 1701, and came to this 
! country about 1720. Oct. 2, 1727, be married Annie 
1 Ratteenbury, whose ancestors came from the Isle of 
: Wight in 102-1 and settled in Virginia. They had 
1 uine children, all of whom died young except Thomas 



and Hannah. Hannah married William Worthing- 
ton, of Maryland. Philip Jones, Jr., died Dec. 22, 
1761, aged sixty years, three months, and six days. 
His widow became tbe second wife of John Eager, 
aud died shortly after her marriage. Thomas, the 
only surviving son of Philip Jones, Jr., was the first ! 
register of wills of Baltimore, and afterwards became 
judge of the Court of Appeals. He married Elizabeth 
McClure, widow of David McOlure, of Carlisle, Pa. : 
He had three sons and three daughters. The oldest 
daughter married Maj. Beall, of the United States 
army ; the second married Mr. Dallam, of Harford j 
County, and the third Mr. Schley, of Baltimore. 
While on a visit to his daughter, Mrs. Beall, at Fort 
McHenry, Judge Jones was taken ill and died, Sept. 
27, 1812, aged seventy-seven years. Of his three 
sons, Harry, the youngest, remained a bachelor. 
Thomas married and lived in Patapsco Neck. He. 
had ten children, one daughter being Mrs, William 
Fenby, living near Westminster. 

Philip also married, and lived for some time ou his j 
farm, " Gallipot," Baltimore County. He was one of l 
the Old Defenders of Baltimore in the war of 1S12. 
He came to Westminster in 181 S, where he lived 
until within a few days of his death, and where he 
was one of the first merchants. He had ten children, 
one of whom is Mrs. James M. Shellman. The old 
Jones homestead in Patapsco Neck is still standing in 
a state of good preservation ; has broad balls, large 
rooms, and very high ceilings. It is surrounded by : 
magnificent walnut-trees, which gives the name of 
" Walnut Grove" to the place, aud has a lawn run- 
uing to the bank of the Patapsco River. It has 
always been in the possession of the Jones family, 
having been granted by royal patent through Lord 
Baltimore. This patent is still held by the family at 
"Walnut Grove," which is at present occupied by 
John T. Jones, two sisters and a brother, children of 
Thomas, and great-grandchildren of Philip Jones, Jr., 
surveyor of Baltimore Town. 

When the Confederates under Maj. Harry Gilmor 
and Gen. Bradley T. Johnson made a raid into West- 
minster in 1864, they occupied Mrs. Shellman's man- j 
sion as their headquarters, and when Gen. J. ID. B. '< 
Stuart was here with his command he caught up and ; 
carried in his front through town, on the saddle. Miss 
Mary M. Shellman, then a little lass, but the bravest 
Union girl of the place. 

About the first year of this century Dr. Umbaugh 
practiced his profession in Westminster. He was a I 
German physician of note, and rode over a vast terri- 
tory to sec his patients. After bis location here Dr. 
Beringheit came, and remained several years. Dr. i 

George Colgate died May 1, 1822. in the prime of 
life and a martyr to the noble profession he adorned. 
Dr. William Willis was, on the organization of thv 
county, made the first clerk of the court in April. 
1S37, and was succeeded by Dr. William A. Matthias. 
The oldest physician here (if not in tbe county) i 
Dr. James L. Billingslea. He was born in Abingdon, 
Harford Co., in 1804. lie was first educated in the 
common schools, then attended the Belair Academy, 
and afterwards St. Mary's College, Baltimore, where 
ho completed his classical studies, lie graduati I 
iu medicine at the University of Maryland in 1S27, 
and located the same year in the practice of his pro- 
fession at Uniontown, in Carroll County. He re- 
mained there twenty years, and then removed to Bal- 
timore. He subsequently settled at Long Green, in 
Baltimore County, where he practiced for teu years, 
and in PSGO he came to Westminster and continued 
tbe practice of his profession for many years, but haa 
now retired. He was in the State Senate from 1864 
to 18G7. He married Susan Harris, of Frederick- 
County, in 1832, of the Society of Friends, for his 
first wife, and in 18G7, Elizabeth Cove for bis second 
wife. When he came to Westminster, in 1860, the 
physicians here were Drs. J. L. Warfield (now of 
Baltimore), Matthias, and J. W. Hering. The lat- 
ter is still in practice, aud is also cashier of Union 
National Bank. Dr. Frank T. Shaw has been clerk 
of the court siuce 1873. 

The Corporation and Officers. — The General As- 
senibly incorporated the town of Westminster by an 
act passed April 6, 1830, supplementary to the first 
act. of Feb. 14, 1830, enacting that the adjoining 
towns, then called and known by the names of West- 
minster, New London, Winter's Addition, and New 
Elenbtirgh, together with Pigman's Addition, and all 
thai space lying between Winter's Addition and Pig- 
man's Addition, should forever thereafter be called 
and known by the name of Westminster. This at! 
provided for the election on the first Monday in May 
of a burgess and five commissioners, and for annual 
elections of said officers thereafter. The act desig- 
nated Andrew Pouder, Jacob Yingling, and Michael 
Barnitz as the judges to hold the first election. 

By the act of Feb. 28, 1850, the town was erected 
iuto a city, and Michael Barnitz, Horatio Price, and 
Otho Shipley appointed judges to hold tbe first elec- 
tion under the city charter. The city limits were 
thus established: 

"Beginning on the southeast at a stone planted near thi> 
Baltimore and lleistcrstown turnpike, formerly a boundary 
stone between Baltimore ami Frederick (.'.unto-.?, ami running 
northeasterly at a right angle with Baid turnpiko lour hundred 


yards; thence westerly and northerly, and running parallel 
with the course of said turnpike, and four hundred yard* there- 
from, to the line of Adam Gilbert's land, located at or near ti 
public road leading from said turnpike to Abraham Wampler's 
mill; thence westerly and southerly with the of said 
Gilbert's lands to a point four hundred yards southwest of the 
turnpike leading from Westminster to Uniontown ; thence east- 
erly and southerly and parallel with the last turnpiko and the 
uforesnid Baltimore and Reislerstown turnpike, and four hun- 
dred yards from each, to the line formerly dividing Ejltitnorc 
uid Frederick Counties; and thence with the last line to the 
place of beginning." 

The following persons liavc been elected to (lie 
office of burgess and- mayor: 
Burgees.— 1839, James M. Shelliuan; 1S40, William Shipley, 

Jr.; 1841-44, George Trumlo; 1814, David Keiffer. 
Mayor,— 1850, Dr. Elisha D. Payne-: 1851, Abner Ncal : 1852, 
Jacob Grow; 1853-58, 11. K. Booth; 1S59, John M. Ting- 
ling; 1860, Samuel L. Swanstead; 1861-64, Michael 
Baughman: 1864, Jacob Grove; 1S65, Emanuel Gcrnand; 
I860, Hashabiah Haines; 1S67, A. Reese Durbin; 186S, 
David Fowble; 1869-71, Jacob Knipple; 1ST1, David 11. 
Leister; 1.872, Henry 11. Herbaugh; 1S73, E. K.Gernand : 
1874-70, David Fowble'; 1S76-82, P. H. Irwin. 

The other officers are given as far as the corpora- 
tion records show "them : 

I860.— Jacob Shaffer, Levi Evans, Michael Baughman (presi- 
dent), Reuben Cassell, Joshua W. Bering; Clerk, Otbo 

1861.— Joshua Yingling, Henry Warner, William Reese, Samuel 
.Myers, Wm. II. Grammcr; Clerk, Otho Shipley. 

IS62.— George F. Webster, Joshua Yingling, Henry Warner. 
Samuel Myers. Denton Gehr; Clerk. Thomas J. Lockard. 

1863.— Samuel L. Myers, Henry Warner, Edwin K. Gernand- 
Asbtiry F. Sharer, Joshua Yingling: Clerk, Thomas J. 

1864.— K. K. Gcrnand, S. L. Myers, J. Yingling, Jeremiah 
Yingling, Ira E. Crouse ; Clerk, Thomas J. ] kard. 

1865. — George Webster, Wm. II. Harman, 1". li. Buell, John 
W. Gorsuch, David Fowble; Clerk, Thomas .1. Lockard. 

]NGG\— F. A. Shearer, E. K. Gernand, A. II. Durbin, W. A. 
Cunningham; Clerk, Albert Billingslea. 

lsf>7.— J„lm II. Yingling, Vf. A. Cunningham, E. K. Gernand, 
J. H. Dowers, F. A. Shearer; Clerk, C. J. Yingling; Bail- 
iff and Collector, G. W. Sullivan;' Counselor, J. E. Pear- 

68.— J. W. Perk 

F. Cr, 

ns, M. li. Mikesoll, G. W. .Matthews, George 
S. r. Everhart; Clerks, J. A. Dillar, P. D. 
Treasurer, Dr. George S. Fouke; Counselor, E- 

I S 6'.J._ George E. Wampler. David Wcntz. John Bernstinci 
Elins Yingling, W. II. Harinans; Clerk. W. L. W. Sea- 
brook; Collectors, William liaker, George Stouck. 

1870.— John Bernstine, G. W. Matthews, J. W. Perkins, D. 
H..Leistcr, Joseph Woods; Clerks, W. L. W. Seabrook, W. 
». Bidcnhover. 

Wl._ J. W. Perkins, Samuel Everhart. Jeremiah Yingling, 
William Yingling, Dr. 1 rancis Butler. 

'-"-.— 11. E. Morelock, Rouhen Cassell, A. Shearer, Jesse Ying- 
ling, W. H. llaruian; Clerk, L. F. Cj.-,-. 

1373. — Henry Vandcrford, Joshua Yingling, Edward Lynch, 
Elias Yingling. J. \y. Boring; Clerk, George M. Parke. 

«S74.— E. O. Grimes, George M. Parke, William Lawyer, H. E. 
Morelock, James Rippard; Clerk. W. il. Kipjmrd. 

1S7S.— Henry E. Morelock, E. O. Grimes, William Lawyer. 

James Rippard, Georgo M. Parke; Clerk, W. II. Rippard ; 

Treasurer, E. O. Grimes; Counsel, J. M. Parke: Bailiff, 

Israel Zieber. 
1876. — N. J. Gorsuch, William B. Thomas, Jesse Yingling, G. 

W. Sullivan, J. W. Perkins; Clerk. John Matthews. 
1S77.— N. J. Gorsuch, J. W. Perkins. W. B. Thomas. G. W. 

Sullivan, Jesse Yingling; Clerk, John Matthews. 
187S. — Same board as for two previous years; Clerk, John 

1879.— W. P.. Thomas, E. J. Lawyer, G. V. Sullivan. Orlando 

Keese, N. J. Gorsuch; Clerk, John Matthews. 
1880. — Same board and clerk. 
1881.— Same board ; Clerk, C. II. Baughman; Bailiff, Street 

Commissioner, and Collector. Israel Zieber; Counsel, Jo- 
seph M. Parke; Council Committees: Streets, W. B. 

Thomas, 0. Keese; Gas, G. W. Sullivan. N.J. Gorsuch; 

Finance, W. li. Thomas. N. J. Gorsuch. 

Western Maryland College is located in the city 
of Westminster, on the line of the Western Mary- 
land Railroad, about midway between the cities of 
Baltimore and Hagerstowu. 

The buildings stand on a commanding eminence at 
i the " West End," overlooking the city and many miles 
; of the surrounding country. The main building is 
I five stories high, and affords ample accommodations 
i for chapel, recitation-rooms, halls for the societies, 
I professors' apartments, and dormitories. The grounds 
belonging to the college contain eight acres, allow- 
ing sufficient range for the exercise of students dur- 
ing the time not allotted to study. The institu- 
tion is conducted on a modern basis. Young men 
and women are entered under the same corps of pro- 
< fessors and instructors, enjoying all the advantages 
I extended by the college. The course of study, how- 
■ ever, is not precisely the same for both sexes, the 
I young ladies completing theirs in three years, and the 
i gentlemen graduating in four, although both sexes 
have the same instructors ; the two departments are 
kept entirely separate, the sexes meeting only at 
I chapel service aud in the dining-room with members 
: of the faculty. 

The Western Maryland College was established 
under the auspices of the Maryland Annual Confer- 
ence of the Methodist Protestant Church. A charter 
was obtained for the institution from the Legislature 
| of Maryland in 1S64, which contemplated its estab- 
I lisbment in the city of Baltimore, but subsequent 
events led to the selection of Westminster as the site 
! of the new college, and a more favorable location 
j could scarcely have been chosen. In 18GG, Rev. 
! James Thomas Ward purchased a homestead in 
Westminster, which being- made known to Rev. 
Rhesa Scott Norris, negotiations were entered into 
| which resulted in a meeting between Fayette R. 
Buell, the original projector, aud J. T. Ward. The 





Conference of that year gave in its adhesion to the 
plan for making Westminster the place for the estab- 
lishment of the enterprise, and an appeal was made 

to friends for money to erect suitable buildings 
responses were neither numerous nor large, and 
was obtained from John Smith and Isaac C. 
which enabled F. J!. Until to commence building on 
the site lie had purchased. The first stone of the 
building was laid Aug. 27, 1866, and the corner- 
stone was laid Sept. 6, 18C6, by Door to Virtue 
Lodge, No. 46, A. F. A. M., in the presence of a 
large number of citizens of Westminster and friends 
from other places. At the session of the Maryland 
Annual Conference in March, 1867, an advisory 
board of directors was appointed, as billows: Revs. 
J. T. Ward, J. J. Murray, I). Bowers, P. L. Wilson. 
and R. Scott Nonas, and on the part of the laity, J. 
W. Herring, John Smith, M. Baughnran, A. Zollic- 
koffer, John S. Repp, and Samuel MeKinstry. This 
board in July announced P. R. Buell as proprietor 
of the college", and J. T. Ward principal of the fac- j 
ulty. College exercises were begun Sept. 4, 1807, 
and continued regularly thereafter. Some difficulty 
of a financial character was experienced in 1868, but 
the friends of the institution came forward and re- 
lieved the embarrassment, and a second charter was 
obtained from the Legislature, placing the college 
under the direction of a board of trustees. John 
Smith was elected president of the board, J. T. Ward, 
secretary, and J. W. Herring, treasurer. Ii was de- 
termined at their first meeting to purchase the prop- 
erty from F. R. Buell for twenty thousand dollars. 
The Conference in March, 1869, at the suggestion of 
J. T. Ward, appointed Rev. P. Light Wilson agent 
of the association on behalf of the college. During 
this year the. female students formed the " Browning- 
Literary Society," whose first anniversary was cele- 
brated doling commencement week, June 14, l!S(li). 
The career of the college since then has been pros- 
perous and useful. In June, 1S71, the first college. 
degrees were conferred upon a class of four young 
men and three young girls. On the 19th of July, 
1871, the. first stone of the foundation of an addi- 
tional building was laid, rendered necessary by the 
increased patronage of the college. In January, 
1870, the State Legislature granted an appropriation 
out of the academic fund fur Carroll County for the 
free tuition of one student from each election district 
in the county, and in 1S7S an appropriation was 
made by the General Assembly of Maryland, enabling 
the college to furnish board, fuel, lights, washing, tu- 
ition, and the use of books free to oue student, nude 
or female, from each senatorial district of the Stale. 

This appropriation was continued by the Legisiaturi 
of 1880. Luring the twelve years of its exi- i 
the college has had an average attendance of 116 ; - 
pils, l'i of whom were, males and 43 females. 'J 
have been altogether under its care and training ' 5 - 
pupils, of whom 950 were males and 559 females. The) 
have pursued the various branches of an English a:j.i 
classical education. Of this number 94 bavi u 

graduated with the degree of A.B., and 45 have 
studied with a view to the Christian mini-try. The 
faculty of the male department is as follows: 
licv. J. T. Waul, Ii. D., President, Professor of Menu) and 
Moral Science i Rev. H. C. Cushiug, A.M.. Vice-Presi- 
dent, Professor of Belles-Lettres ; It. L. Brocket!, A.M., 
Professor of Physical Science and tbo French La ._ *c; 
Rev. James W. Reese, A.M., Ph.D., Professor .f A; ■ : 
Languages and Literature; G. W. Devilbiss, A.M., 
so.- or Belles-Lettres ; D. W. Honing, C.E., Pro). : ! 
Mathematics; Charles T. Wright, Principal of Prep; . >rj 
Department, and Professor of German Lnngua - lev. 
Augustus Webster, D.D., Professor of Theology; 
Herring, M.D., Lecturer on Anatomy, Physiology, a< 1 
Hygiene; R. B. Normcnt, Esq., Lecturer on Civil I . ... I 
Political Economy; DeWitt C. Ingle, A.B., Tutor in 
Latin, Greek, and Mathematics. 
Female Faculty.— Rev. J. T. Ward, D.D., President, IV :.-,..; 
of Mora! and Mental Science; Kcv. 11. C. Cusl in; M 
Vice-President, Professor or Belles-Lettres frcsi- ' ; 
Miss Lottie A. Owings, Preceptress of Female Delia I : t. 
and Teacher of Ornamental Uranchcs; R. 1.1 
A.M., Professor of Physical Science and the French Lan- 
guage; Kcv. James W. Reese, A.M., Ph.D., Prof : of 
Ancient Languages and Literature; G. V,'. Devilbiss, A M., 
Professor or Belles-Lettres; D. W. Herring, C.E., Profei 
sor of Mathematics ; J. W. Herring, M.D.. Lectin . 
Anatomy, Physiology, and nygicne; Charles T. Wright, 
Professor of the German Language; Mrs. S. I'. .1 .,-.. 
Teacher of Vocal and Instrumental Music. 

Class of 1S71: Mr 
man, Mrs. M 

List of Graduates 
.IniogcncL. Miner En 
ry M.Ward Lewis, 1 

, Charles JI. Ea ig! 
Thomn 3. 1 i= 
rouse, A.M., Hem 

A.M., Anna It. Yingling, William 
E. Norris, A.M., M.D. 

Class of IS72 : Lizzie II. Adams, Maiy E. Johnson, Mrs. Annie 
Price Hoe, Annie G. Ridgely, II. Horsey Newson, V. i iam 
P. Wright. 

Class of 1ST3: Alice A. Fenby, Mary N. Nichols, Mrs I 
Smith Billingslea, Ida T.Williams, E. Franklin Crouse, 
A.M., Joseph B. Galloway, A.M.. M.D.. Frank W.Shmer, 
Truman C. Smith, LL.B., Thomas li. Ward. 

Class or 1S74: Annie W. Bircklicnd, Janio M. Bratt, A.M., 
May Brockctt, A.M., Mrs. Louisa D. Hooper James, ":-■ 
M. Emma Jones Willis, Mollic E. Jones, Mr-. Juli: A, 
Leas Fowler, Sarah L. Whiteside, Kcv. Charles S. .' 
A.M., James A. Diffcnbaugh, A.M., Rev. Philip T. Hall, 
A.M., George B. Harris, Samuel li. Harris Philc B 

Hopper, A.M., William Hogg, Rev. Walter W. White, A.M. 

Class of 1S75 : Ida Armstrong, George W. Devilbiss, A.M., P.ev. 
Thomas If. Lewis. 

Class of 18T6: Drucilhi Ballard, Mrs. Laura A. Edie Devi ■ 
Laura K. Matthews, Mrs. Man A. Miller Heriug, J! --'■< 
E. Rinehart, Martha Smith, Louis L. Billingslea, '. M 
LL.l'.., Richard D. Norment, .'.- . A.M., Ml). 

7. 97^-r «/ 



Class of 1877: Florence M. Devilbiss, Alice E. Earnest, M. Ada 
Starr, M. Virginia Starr, Maggie K. Woods, Lilian X. 
Young, Winficld S. Ainoss, A.M.,, C. Berry dishing, 
A.M., LL.B., Wilson It. Cusbing, Thomas J. Wilson. 

I, sof 1S7S: Lulu E. Fleming, Muinio V. Svrornstcdt, Alice j 
V. Wilson, De Witt Clinton Ingle, J. Wcldon Miles, Frank 
H. Peterson. 

C ss of ism : Mollie -J. Lankford, Mamie M. MeKinstry, Mary \ 
Rinebart, Clara L. Smith, LizzieTrump, Lou 1). Wampler. 

Claspof 1SSD: Lizzie L. Hodges, Linuia C. Kilmer, M. Emma ■ 
Sclby, E. Wilson, Edward S. Bailo, William II. 
DcFord, Lewis A. Jarman, Rev. Frederick C. Klein, Wil- 
liam R. McDanicl, Joseph W. Smith. 

I . of 1 ssl : Hattio Ballingcr, Beltic Braly, Loulic Cunning- 
ham, M. Kate Soodliand, Hattie V. llolliday, Bessie 1 
Miller, II. .flay Xicodemus, Katie M. Smith, Lama F. 
Stalmaker, George Y. Everhart, .1. Fletcher Somcrs, George 
W. Todd. 

James Thomas Ward, the president of the West- ; 
i in Maryland College, was born in^ Georgetown, 
D. C, Aug. 21, 1820. His father, Ulysses Ward, 
born near Rockville, Montgomery Co., Md., April 3, 
1792, being the youngesl of eight children of John 
Ward (born in London, England, Aug. 1, (). S., 
1747 ) and Mary Ann Eustatia (maiden name Forbes), 
born in London, Jan. I, 1752, who came to America 
in 1770, and settled first in Prince George's Co., Md., j 
whence they removed to Montgomery County in 
1776. The ancestors of John Ward had resided 
during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries in 
Yorkshire, England, being fanners by occupation. 
About the beginning of the eighteenth century the 
branch of the family froai which he more immediately ! 
di tended removed to London. Oo the mother's side j 
the ancestors ol Mr. Ward were of Scottish origin. 
Ulysses Ward, his father, was married .Sept. 26, 1816, 
to Susan Valiitda Beall, daughter of James Bcall, 

died 1S21 ), son of James Beall, of the same family 
with George Beall, one of the first settlers of George- 

•'■", 1). C, and son of Ninian Beall, who emigrated 
: ' ire Scotland towards the close of the eighteenth 
century, and died in Maryland at the great age of 
one hundred and seven years. Of the seven chil- 
dren of Ulysses and Susan Valinda Ward, James 
Hi imas was the second. At the time of his birth 
nu mother was a member of the Protestant Epis- 
■' 'pal, and bis father of the Methodist Episcopal, 
1 hurch, which latter his mother also subsequently 
j "od.and by a minister of which (the Rev. John 
bm* i he was baptized. His parents then resided in 

i tyetown, as before intimated, and continued there 

: '" the spring of 1822, when they removed to Prince 

-:> s County, and thence, alter a brief stay in 

'--••.own, to Washington City, April, 1826, which 

"ue their permanent place of residence until the 

father, March 30, 1868, in the seventy- 

•I, f 

sixth year of his age. Ulysses Ward was a most in- 
dustrious, enterprising, and useful man. As a local 
preacher in the Methodist Church he became quite 
popular because of his earnest labors, lie was exten- 
sively known as a business man: first as a master- 
workman in his trade, and afterwards as a merchant, 
and, when he had acquired wealth, as a benefactor in 
church and city by the judicious and liberal bestow- 
lnent of his means. In the schools of Washington 
Mr. "Ward received his first lessons in the common 
branches of an English education, his principal in- 
structors being the well-known John McLeod and 
Joseph II. Wheat. The advantages thus afforded 
during the week-days were supplemented by excellent 
home training, and on the Sabbath by the teachings 
imparted in the Sabbath-school. Thomas from his 
infancy had been feeble physically, lie gained knowl- 
edge rapidly, and was scarcely beyond the period of 
childhood when he made a public profession of his 
faith in Christ, and developed a fondness for learning 
and Usefulness. At the age of sixteen he entered the 
Classical Academy of Brookville, in Montgomery 
County, Md., at that time under the superintendence 
of Elisha J. Hall, where, he had fine opportunities, 
which were so well improved that when he left for 
home, in 188S, he bore with him the classical prize. 
He returned to Washington, and for a lime was em- 
ployed in business with bis father, in the mean time 
devoting much of his time to study, and taking a deep 
interest in the Sabbath : sehool work. Still, he had no 
definite purpose of a professional career. 

In the summer of 1810 he decided to consecrate 
his life to the work of the gospel ministry. In his 
preparations for this work he studied under the advice 
and counsel of Rev. A. A. Lipscomb and Bev. A. 
Webster. His parents were now, and had been since 
1832, connected with the then recently organized 
church known as the Methodist Protestant. In this 
church he began his career as a preacher of the gos- 
pel, being licensed Aug 30, 18-10, by the Ninth Street 
Methodist Protestant Church, of Washington City. 
After preaching in various places for many mouths, 
he was called to serve a church in the eastern part of 
the city until the meeting of the Maryland Annual 
Conference in the spring of 1841. The session of 
that Conference was held in the city of Philadelphia, 
in the Methodist Protestant church there which had 
been organized by the Rev. Thomas 11. Stockton, and 
of which Mr. Ward became years after the pastor, 
succeeding that distinguished anil eloquent divine. 

Mr. Ward's first regular appointment was to Pipe 
Creek Circuit, embracing part of Frederick County, 
Md. He was then in his twenty-first year. He was 

<JM 1 


associated with an elder minister, the Rev. Dr. John 
S. Reese, ;i man of great wisdom, learning, eloquence, I 
and piety. Mr. Ward became very popular in all the 
churches of the circuit, embracing parts of Wash- ! 
ington County, Md., and Berkeley County, Ya. He 
had signal success in his work there, and during his 
term built a new house of worship and organized' the . 
church at Little Georgetown, Va., besides being 
instrumental in adding largely to the membership of 
the churches which had been established. During i 
these years he also traveled very extensively in other 
portions of the Conference territory, preaching to j 
large congregations, especially at various camp-meet- I 
ings on the Eastern as well as the Western Shore of 
Maryland. His next appointment was the city of j 
Cumberland, 1S54, iu the spring of which year he 
married Miss Catharine A. Light, of Bcddington, 
Va., a lady of great piety and Christian devotion, 
who was held in the highest respect and esteem by i 
her husband's parishioners. This year Mr. Ward's i 
health, always feeble, gave way, and, by advice of 
his friends, be asked the Conference to leave him j 
without: an appointment. His request was complied 
with, and be spent three months in suitable recrea- 
tion, a portion of the time in leisurely travel north- ; 

He returned to his father's house in Washington so ] 
much renewed in health as to warrant him in applying 
to the president of the Conference for an appointment 
for the remainder of the year, and being informed by 
the president that there was then no suitable field for 
him until the next meeting of the Conference, he 
accepted a position offered him by his father, who was 
then engaged in publishing a temperance journal called 
the Columbian Fountain, to assist in editing the same. 
Thus he became linked with an enterprise from which 
he found no opportunity to disconnect himself until 
the close of the year 1847, at which time also the 
regular close of the volume of the journal expired. 
He then received a unanimous invitation to take 
charge of the church in Philadelphia which Rev. 
Thomas EI. Stockton had served nine years, but which 
he had recently left to take charge of a church in 
Cincinnati, Ohio. He accordingly obtained a transfer 
from the president of the Maryland Annual Confer- 
ence, which was accepted by the president of the 
Philadelphia Conference, who appointed him to the 
pastorate of the church referred to. A condition of 
affairs arose by which the subsequent sessions of the 
Philadelphia Conference were broken up and the 
church lie served caused to assume a position of 
independence, and he, not having any reasons for 
abandoning his charge, compelled, as he viewed the 

case, to remain and serve it so long as pleasant rela- 
tions existed between it and himself. 

This was the case until the close of 1856, wl i .. 
feeling it his duty to sever his conuection with thai 
charge, he returned to the Conference in Maryland, 
was received by his brethren and associates of lorn;. 
years, and was again appointed to Pipe Creek Circuit, 
which he had served sixteen years before, embracing 
however, not so large, a field as when he was first ap 
pointed to it. His colleague was the Rev. J. Thomas 
Murray, and they were both continued on the circuit 
for three successive years. During these years nearly 
four hundred members were added to these churches 
Mr. Ward's next appointment was Alexandria, Va., in 
the spring of I860. During this year he visited 
Fredericksburg, Ya., by request, and organized a 
Methodist Puotestant Church in that city, where la 
continued for two years. The Conference of lSii'I 
sent him to the Liberty Circuit, where he labored with 
success. From Liberty he was sent by his Conf r- 
ence to the church in Washington City from which 
he had first received his license to preach, and of 
which his parents, grown old by this time, were still 
members. His pastorate there continued for twi 
years, when, on account of failing health, he asked tin 
Conference to relieve him from pastoral charge, and 
retired in the spring of 1866 to a little suburban 
home which had been provided for him by his parc-n! 
at Westminster, which had been one of his regulai 
preaching-places in the years when he traveled Pik. 
Creek Circuit the second time. His health being r« 
stored he became a teacher in the Westminster Acad- 
emy, and afterwards president of Western Man!:.-". 
College, to which position he has been re-elected 
from year to year since by the. board of trustees, tin 
appointment being confirmed by the Maryland Annu 
Conference, under whose auspices the college v, 
founded, and under whose patronage it has been fro! 
the time of its incorporation by the General Asseml 
of Maryland in 1868. Western Maryland Colic: 
was organized in September, 1867, and incorporate ! 
by an act of the General Assembly of Maryland, uj 
proved March, 1868. There have been about 15" 
students, of which one tenth of the number ha> 
graduated, besides a score of young men educated will 
the view to entering the sacred office, of the mini-", 
and others who are now in positions of proniinem 
and usefulness. About the time of his entrance u] 
the duties of the presidency of the college Mr. Y . 
i u 1 1 1 rited from his father some considerable mean-. - 
the available portion of which he devoted to the coll 
enterprise, fulfilling the duties of his office at a sal 
far below his actual and necessary expenses in su ■■ 



r ..-itiou. Mr. Ward lias great reason to rejoice at the ! 

iucccss that has crowned his pastoral services, and de- ' 

.. rve- the heartfelt sympathies and aid of his church 

in his efforts to promote the success and prosperity of 

lite college over which he presides. 
Westminster Academy was incorporated by an act 

of the General Assembly of Maryland, passed Feb. G, i 

1 - 39. The incorporators were 

Jacob Reisc, Isaac Shriver, Jesse Rcifsnidcr, Nicholas Kelly, 
John MeColiiun, Joshua Smith, Jr., lle/ekiah Crout, Fran- 
cis Shriver, Jolin Baumgartner, Basil Haydcn, John S. 
Murray, Otbo Shipley, John Fisher, Charles W. Webster, 
Wm. P. Maulsby, A. H. Busby, George Shriver, Conrad 
Moul, James Kecfer, Samuel Orcndorff, Michael Barnits, 
Emanuel Sevnand, S. D, Lecompte, Win. Shrcev, Joshua 
Yingling, Wm. Tingling, Benjamin Yingling, Klias Ting- 
ling, Levi Evans, David Kecfer, John Fcrmwalt, John 
Swigart, Win. Shipley, Jr., Wm. Zepp, Jaoob Hartzhell, 
John M. Tingling, Jacob Grove, Samuel I. Dell, Law- 
rence Zepp. David Bums, George Sheets, George Ramby, 
Win. Grumbino, John Baurgelt. Nelson Manning, Jesse 
Manning, John A. Kelly. Mrarod Beck, Jacob Jeasc, 
Henry Gealty, X. H. Thayer, B. F. Fowler, Mordeeai 
Price, David Iledidebridler. Amos Lightner, Ephraiin 
Crnmbacker, Joseph Shafer, John F. Reese, John K. 
Longwell, James M. Shellman. 

The " Old Union Meeting-bouse" was erected in j 
1818, Rev. Charles G. McLean preached the dedi- 
catory sermon. It is a two-story brick structure, and j 
i.- now fast falliug into decay. Its windows are sbat- ' 
tered, its steeple tumbling to pieces, and its interior | 
crumbling away. Here the Rev. Lorenzo Dow, the j 
famous and eccentric revivalist and exhorter, preached 
eleven different times, once beginning his services at 
fuur o'clock in the morning. This edifice stands on 
■n elevated site in the centre of the Westminster 
Cemetery. The pulpit, with a high stairway leading 
to it, and the. old-fashioned galleries are all that is 
loft of its interior. For the last third of a century 
it has not been used for religious services. It was 
built as a union church by contributions from various 
Protestant denominations, and was open for all Prot- 
estant sects. For nearly a quarter of a century it 
*»s the only Protestant meeting-house in the town, 
•id in that period many of the ablest clergymen 
01 the State or country have preached from its old- 
fashioned pulpit. Before its erection a log structure, 
built about 1790, was used, and at. the entrance to 
,: ' cemetery, on the right, is the old brick school- 

'he first burial-ground in Westminster was on 
the land now owned by George E. Grouse, where 
'"'••inieuu were made from about 17G1 to 1790, 
ID Which year the ground adjoining that on which 
!li " "Old Union Meetting-house" was built was used 
118 a graveyard, and the former cemetery abandoned. 

It was occupied as an ordinary burying-place until 
18G4, when the Westminster Cemetery was orgauized 
and incorporated. This corporation lias added to the 
grounds, making about thirteen acres, and has greatly 
beautified (hem by walks, terraces, and other valuable 
improvements. The officers of this corporation for 
18S1 are Joseph M. Parke, president, and John K. 
Longwell, John E. Smith, II. L. Norris (treasurer), 
Ira E. Grouse, and Edward K. Gernand (secretary), 
directors. In this cemetery the graves of soldiers in 
the late war are numerous, and it is also the last 
resting-place of many prominent citizens of West- 
minster. There is one old stone, about a foot high, 
on which the only inscription is 1707, but whether it 
.refers to some person who died that year or to some, 
one born at that date cannot, be determined. The 
oldest interment is that of Christian Yingling, born 
Oct. 13, 1788, and who died Jan. 24, 1790, the year 
the meeting-bouse was built and the graveyard first 
laid out. The most prominent grave is that of the 
colonial proprietor of the town, who laid it out in 
1764 and called it Winchester, which name it bore 
until superseded by the no less English name of West- 
minster. By bis remains lie those of bis wife and 

The epitaphs on the tombstones are as follows: 

"In Memory of William Winchester, 

who was horn in London 

on the 22d December, 171 a. 

Arrived in Maryland 

on the 6th March, 1729. 

Intermarried with Ljdia Richards 

on tho22d July, I 7 17, 

And departed this life on the 

2d September, 1790, 
In the 80th year of his age." 

"In Memory of Lydia Winchester 

(widow of William Winchester), 

Who was horn in Maryland on the 

4th of Angus!, 1727, 

And departed this life on the 

19th of February, 1809, 
In the S2d year of her age." 

There is still standing against the old church the 
first tombstone erected to Mr. Winchester, but which 
was taken down from the head of his grave after his 
wife's death, when the two above, mentioned were put 
up. The old tombstone is somewhat different in 
phraseology, and makes a variance of two days iu 
the time of his birth. It is as follows: 

- In Memory of William Winchester, Born in Ihc City of 
London on the. 2-lth of December, Anno Domini 1710 (O. S.). 
Intermarried with Lydia Richards the 22d July, 1747, and De- 
parted this Life 2d of September, 1790, aged 7 'J years, 8 months, 
and 2 days." 

The Winchester descendants' graves ore those of Lydia 


Moore, eldest daughter of William Winchester the second and 
Wary, 1, is wife, I. urn Feb. 2 I. 1 77 I, died Deo. 4,1821; David 
Winchester, born April IS, 1769, and died dan. 13, 1835: Eliz- 
abeth Winchester, born April 19, 1T63, and died Juno 17, 1817; 
and Lydia Winchester, bora Hue. 27, 1766, died April 19, 1849. 

Among other graves of old or distinguished people 
are the following: 

Catharine Fisher, born June 9, 1750, married David Fisher, 
June 3, 1770, and died Nov. 15, 1793 ; and her husband, David 
Fisher, died Oct. 15, 1815, aged 61. His second wife, Elisabeth, 
died April 16, 1849, aged SO. 

John Fisher, born, in Westminster, Jan. 7, 1780, died April 
11, 1863. 

John C. Coekey, born Feb. 1, 1791, died Dee. 16, 1S2C; and 
his wife, Ellen, born Oct. 23, 1797, died July 21, IS5S. 

James McIIaffie, born March 31, 1779, died Jan. 3, ISIS; and 
his wife, Eleanor, born Jan. 7, 1777, died April 6, 1815. 

Jacob Sherman, horn in Lancaster County, Pa., March 7, 
1750. married Elizabeth Wagner, Feb. 23, 1779, and died July 
7, 1822; and his wife, Elizabeth, died June 28, 1842, aged 85. 

Isaac Shriver, bom March 6, 1777. died Dee. 22, 1S56; and 
Polly, his wife, born April II, 1781, died March 6, 1859. 

Frederick Wagoner, bom Feb. 7, 1794, died Dec. 22, IS,,;,. 

Rev. Isaac Webster, died Feb. 4, 1S5I, aged 63. 

On "ne -tone are Sarah E. Dennett, born April 12, IS11, died 
Oct. 23, 1S70 ; and Josephine I. Dennett, born July 1, I S4o, died 
Feb. 12, I Sol. 

"Sacred to the memory of R. 11. Clarke, Co. B, Seventh Md. 
Vohmti ers, who was sunstruck on the march from Virginia to 
victory at Gettysburg. Drought in an ambulance to Westminster, 
and unable to proceed farther, he here died June 3d, 1863, aged 
24 years. 

Toil-worn and faithful to his country 
And her service t<. the last." 
■ William Frazier, Co. F, 7th M I. Vols., died 1864. 

William Homer, born Feb. 1, 177S, died Aug. 6, 1847 ; and 
Elizabeth, his wife, bom March IS, 1793, died Jan. 12, 1849. 

Sally Key, died Sept. 14, 1855, aged 84. 

William Kung, born Dec. 27, 1790, died Aug. 6, 1S51. 

Caleb Stans'bury. Sr., died Nov. 17, 1845, aged 90. 

Caleb Stansbury, Jr., died Aug. 21, 1800, aged CO. 

Joshua Stansbury, died July 2S, 1807, aged 75. 
- John Powder, horn April 6, 1791, died Nov. 10, lsll. 

Andrew Powder, of Jacob, born Dec. 23, 1798, married Eliza- 
beth John, Jan. 3. 1S22, and died Jan. 28, 1830. 

Jacob Powder, died March 2. 1842, aged 80. 

Jacob Powder, bora Oct. 20. 1794, died Feb. 13, 1870: and 
his wife, Elizabeth, died Aug. 0. 1873, aged 7-J. 

Andrew Powder, born Julj 25, 1793. died Oct. 2S, 1850. 

John Mitten, died March 21, 1S0S, aged 72. 

Susanna Mitten, born Feb. 29, 17S9, died Aug, 0. 1S6S. 

Henry Mourer, born Oct. 17. 1790. died Oct. 20, 1S02. 

Hannah Nefl'. died Jan. is, IS26, a g e J 90. 

Andrew Reese, Sr., horn Dec. 12, 1709. .lied March 14, 1822. 

Andrew Reese, born May is, 1791, died Sept. 20, 1820. 

John Wanipler, horn Nov. 19, 1773, died July 27, 1831 ; and 
his will. Elizabeth, born Jan. 20. 17811. died N..\. 12, 1859. 

Abram Wan. pier, born Sept. 22, 1791, died duly 0. 1S53. 

Dr. S. L. Swarmstedt, hom in Calvert County. April 4, 1S01, 
died Mar,!, 1, ls72; and his v if.-, Margaret, died Nov. 8, 1818, 
aged 43. 

"Sacred to the memory of J. Thomas Manning, who served 
in the Unit- : states army ajain-t Mexico. At peace he returned 
in ill he iltb, and after much suffering as a Christian be died. 




his ) 



to hi 

n tlii 



cat in 




.d hi 

nd hi 

,ut' ! 

On the reverse side the monument reads: "Died Feb 
28, 18 19, aged 23 years, 13 days," -pom Fcbruarj I 

Jacob Righter, bom July 27., 1782, died .March 21, 1S52; ■■ 
hi wire, Rachel, born dune 1, 1788, died March 12, 1S4C. 

Dr. George Colgate, died May 1. 1822, aged 39. 

Elizabeth, wife of John Winters, died Oct. 15, 1858, age,', ; 

Thomas Ward, died Feb. 1», 1S52, aged 79. 

Maill.a. wife of Thomas Weirel, died Aug. 12, 1800, aged 

Dr. Jesse J. Ftz, died July -I, 1849. aged 2s. 

Joseph Shrcev, died Sept. Ill, IS5S, aged 84; and his wi 
Comfort, died Nov. 20, 1S62, aged 82. 

Wm. Shrecv, born Aug. 10, ISO."., died Feb. 27, 1861; a 
bis wife, Margaret, born May 10, 1S02, died dan. 24, 1S63. 

Levi Shrecv, bom March 0, 1807, died March 13, 1875. 

•■Sacred to the memory of Charles W. Oursler, a member 
C. B, First Maryland Potomac Brigade, who fell in the . 

fene ! his conntn on Maryland Heights Sept. 13, IS62, aj 

21 years and 11 Hhs." 

Rachel Oursler, died Dec. 5, 1811, aged 20. 

Catharine Reefer, born March 5, 1770, married to Ds 
Reefer, May 18, 1795, died Sept. II, 1S09. 

Polly Reefer, born Dec. 26, 1790, died Oct. 1. 1802. 

1 hoick Ecklcr, died Aug. 27. 1832, aged 07; ami his v 
Elizabeth Ecklcr, died Sept, 6, 1805, aged 100. 

Catharine, wife of Mordocai Price, died Feb. 24, 1S75, a{ 

"John W. Grogg. He was O. S. in Co. A, 0th Md. Vol. 
fan try. Died in Washington Hospital, July 11, 1 SGI, from 
effects of a, wound received in the battle of the Wilderness, V 

aged 24 years, 9 months, 9 days." 

Jacob Fctcrling. born Nov. 2, 1745, died Jan. 2. 1S30. 

John Grout, hom April 7, 1788, died April II, 1820. 

John MeConib, a native or Scotland, died Oct. 25, 18311. a 

Joshua Smith, born March 18, 1803, died July 24, 18CS; 
Julia A., bis wife, died April 24, 1880. 

David II. Shriver, Icon dan. 8, 1807, died Sept. 10. Is' 
and hi- wife. Mary, born March 17, 181 I,. bed Aug 25. ISi 

Nimrod Friz/ell, died Oct. 13, 1S42; and his wife, Anna, i 
31, 18 05, aged 72. 

Jacob Crouse, bom Oct. 30, 1700, died Jan. 1, 1810; n 
Elizabeth, his wife, died Sept. 12, IS20, aged 17. 

Jacob Fringer, Sr., died June 22, 1S::I, aged 71; and M 
gnret, his wife, 12, IfMl.aged 71. 

Catherine Yingling, born Nov. 20. 1790, died Dee. 29, 18. 

Mary Dell, died Aug. 17, 1821, aged 55. 

Thomas Loekard, horn Jan. 21, 1791, died April 29, 18 
and his wile, Sarah, Feb. 12, 1874, aged SO. 

Lewis Trumbo, bum Oct. 15, 18(12, died Feb. 14, 1S09; ■ ■ 
his wife. Sarah, Feb. 18, 1870, aged OS. 

Jac.h D. Hoppc, died Feb. 24, 1S68, aged 31. 

"Rev. Jonathan Monroe. 1801-1869; a Gospel Derail 

"Matilda Monroe, 18U3-1S72; the Itinerant's Bride fo: 

Jacob Fisher, born Aug. 28, 1783, died July 1, 1S05. 
E. 1\ Cr'out, bun P. pt. 5. 181-'. died Nov. 20, 1S75. 
Ann Morthhuid, die I Sept. 10, 1868, aged S3. 
Michael Bimghinan, bun Sept. 23. 1820, died Jan. 2, 1ST 
George Webster, born May 12, 1812, died Aug. 22, ISO'- 
Andrew W. Durbiii, died March 13, 1873, aged 50; and 
wife, Mary J., March 22, 1ST,'., aged 52. 


\V. S In- 

born Aug. 7, IS 

[icd Feb. 5, 

Margaret Shriver, wife of Joshua Yingling, born July 2, 

. died Juno S, 1SS0. 
M ria L. Wamplcr, bom Jan. 20, IS] I. died Sept. 11, 1S75. 
James L. Wamplcr, born March 20, IS15, died Deo. 1, 1S7G. 
Miles Mitten, died Aug. 1, 1S54, aged 07; and his wife, 

:,!, Feb. 11, 1859, aged 65. 
s u phia Shockey, born Jan. 10, 1S0S, died May S, 1S69. 
Kebcccn Catharine Sporlilin, with her two little daughters, 
....:,,„! Lottie, instantly killed, Oct. 10.1S79, on the Michigan 
, : , ; , ,! itailroad by n collision. She was born April 2S, IS62. 
[ s: i; ic Stantbury, died Jan. 23, IS73, aged SI. 
Daniel P. Goodwin, died April 21, 1S76, aged 61! 
Juhn Kuhn, died Aug. 13, IS7U, aged 07. 
Muhala Shuo, wife of Daniel Shoe, died Aug. 27, 1S2B, aged 

Dr. George Shriver. died Lice. 10, 1S59, aged 31. 

John Thomas Barns, born March 2, 1S39, died from o kink 
, , horse, April 20, 1S57. 

Deborah D. Norris, died May 1. 1S5S, aged -14. 

John M. Yingling, died July IS, 1S73, aged 43. 

Mary J., wife of II. L. Norris, died Oct. 21, 1852, aged 2S. 

Will i McUgcr, born April 25, 1793, in Hanover, Pa., died 

ov. 29, 1S72. 

William Yingling, born March 13, 1810, died March 13, 1S76. 
;.,,., L., daughter of Joshua and Julia A. Smith, and wife 
■ Col. William A. McKellip, died May I, ISS0, aged 39. 

Sarah J„ wife of Win. Reese, died Jan. 21, 1873, aged 17. 

Gabriel llanneiuann, died March 1, 1854, aged 05. 

Abraham Shafcr, .lied Dec. 13, 1S72, aged 70 ; and his wife, 
[ary, Nov. 29, 1S64, aged 05. 

.Mary Adrian, wife of John T. Difl'eiibaugh, bom Jan. 22, 
•-S died Feb. li, Is; 7. 

Miranda, wife of Richard Manning, died May 28, 1S65, aged 

Jacob J. Leister, died Feb. 11, 1S7R, aged 67. 
-Mired Troxcl, born Nov. 25, 1S10, died Feb. 27, 1S07; and 
is wife, Louisa, Jan. 23, 1850, aged 30. 
Absalom Rial], born Jan. 1, 1795, died Marcli 15, 1839. 
Snllio II.. wife of Dr. Charles M. Martin, died Jan. 20, 1S72, 

Abraham II. Busby, born Sept. 4, 1S05, died Aug. 5, 1S07. 
Itebecoa M., wile of Solomon Zcpp, died March is, 1875, 

David Fisher, died April 10, 1827, aged 32. 

Thomas Smith, born June 14, 1797, died Feb. 15, 1S77 ; and 

• wife, Mary, bom Oct. 25, 1S07, died June 2, 1S62. 
•'• Smith, died Dec. 13, 1S41, aged SO; and bis wife, 

•-■.una, May 3, 1832, aged 63. 
Joseph Smith, bom March 10, 1S0J, died Nov-. 6, I860; and 

• wife, Elizabeth, bom March 7, lsuo, died Feb. 17, ISS1. 
1-aae E. Pearson, born November, 1811, died March IS, 1877; 

nd l,i £ wile, Maria, born May 12, 1S21, died Fib. 19, 1S73. 

Emanuel Herr, born Dec I.e., 1799, died July, IS00. 

George R. Rhodes, born in Nottingham, England, Nov. 5, 

;d Ma 


II. C. Cushing, I 

.11 ]•; 

1 his cemetery corporation was organized June 17 
! ' ,; K under tx charter passed by the Legislature of 
i ' * ious winter. The first officers were : 

! '">"!cnt, George "E. Wamplcr; Secretary, E. K. Gernan'd; ; 
Treasurer, H. L. Norris; Directors, William Reese, Dr. J. I 

L. Warfield, Joseph M. Parke, John K. Longwel), .1. Henry 
Hoppe, AHred Troxcl]. 

After the Revolutionary war, John Logston gave 
four acres of ground in Westminster to the Catholic 
Church, and on it was erected the first church about 
17S5. It. was a frame structure, which in 1805 
made way for a neat brick edifice called " Christ 
Church." This stood until 1872, when it was taken 
down and part of the materials used in building that 
year St. John's Parochial School. The third, St. 
John's church, was dedicated on Wednesday, Nov. 22, 
lSb'6, according to the impressive and solemn rites 
of the Catholic Church. There were fifteen priests 
in attendance, among them Rev. John McCaffery, 
D.D., president of Mount St. Mary's College; Rev. 
John McClusky, D.D., Vice-president of the same; 
and Rev. Thomas Foley, D.D., secretary to the arch- 
bishop. The dedicatory sermon, which was able and 
interesting, was delivered by the latter in a very 
chaste style. Solemn high mass was celebrated, Rev. 
John Dougherty king the celebrant, Rev. Henry 
McMurdle, deacon, Rev. Father Kronenberg, sub- 
deacon. The music was grand, there being present 
thirteen members of the Cathedral choir of Baltimore, 
under Prof. Leinhardt, who presided at the organ. 
It is estimated that eleven hundred people were 
present in the church. Rev. John Gloyd was then 
and is now the pastor in charge. 

The first pastor was Father Nicholas Zacehi, who 
came to Taneytown in 1804. Through his efforts 
the second church edifice was erected in 1805. He- 
had charge of the church until his death in 1845. 
His successor was Father Thomas O'Neill, from 1851 
to 1S62, there having been an interregnum of si:; 
years. The next pastor was Father John Gloyd, who 
came in November, 1SC2, and is the present, able and 
beloved pastor. He removed here from Taneytown 
in 1869, and this then became the headquarters of 
the mission until its division in 1879. Father Gloyd 
has charge of this church, St. Bartholomew's, at Man- 
chester, and attends St. Mary's chapel, at Unionlown, 
at the residence of Mrs. William Shriver. St. John's 
school since its establishment, in 1872, has been 
under the charge of F. A. McGirr. 

Many years ago Rajenia Grand Adams left thirty 
acres of land adjoining the town to the Catholic 
Church, which was leased, and its rents are a]. plied, 
one-fourth to the church and the remainder to the 
priest in charge. John Orendorff, father of Francis 
H. and Josephus Ollendorff, was mainly instrumental 
in rearing the present handsome church, having given 
five hundred thousand bricks, the quantity necessary 
for its construction. Father Glowd's assistants on the 


mission until its division, in 1879, were Richard IJ.-ise- ! Mary Logsdon 
man, from 1871 lo 1873: from 1873 to 1874, Cos- [ L;li ' ;!!l ' '' A - ' 

n , • , , n , ,,~ , ,^»„ t , n, t. I 74. 

died April 17, 1829, aged — .. 
jnsort of W. Loyd, died June 2: 


874 to 1879, John T. Dc- 
juried in the Catholic 

per Schmidt; 

The following persons 
cemetery : 

Francis Anderson, died Oct. 28, 1S42, aged 44. 

Thomas Adelsparyer, died Nov. 28, 1822, aged 71; Eleanor, 
his wife, died Aug. 1, 1846, aged ST. 

Mary A., wife of John H. Logue, died June 2. 1865, aged 38. 

G. \V. Fowler, died Dec. 21, 1S5S, aged 75 ; Rachel, hiswife, 
died Jan. 8. 1 SG4, aged 81. 

Mary Fowler, died Jan. 30. 1 51, aged 77. 

Richard Fowler, died Dec. 4. 1850, aged S7 ; Mary M., his 
wife, died June 10, I860, aged 6S. 

John A. Ilirsch, died Sept. 1, 1S72, aged 83 years, i months, 
22 days; Anna M., his wife, born Sept. 10, 1790, died May 15, 

Lydia C, wife or John Coker, died June 7. 1851, 

iged 34. 

Elias Weaver, born Feb. 27, 1805, died Oct. 3, 182 

John Beancr, died Jan. 2, 1815, aged 56. 

Frances Conly, died Nov. Hi. 1S41, aged 79. 

Robina M. Anderson, died Jan. 2, 1869, aged 7 

i years, 3 

onlhs. 12 days. 

Ellen Weave . born 1778, died April 28, 1851. 

Christian On ndorff, died Jan. 24, 1816, aged 55. 

Polly, wife ol John W. Gokcr, d cd Ipril 20. 1861 

aged 70. 

Kate OrendorDT, died Aug. 13. 1869, aged 31. 

Elizabeth Wells, died Sept. 3, 1829, aged 58. 

Wro. Orendorfl', horn July 6, 182 i, died Aug. 9, 1847. 

John Orendorff, died Feb. 18, 181 9, aged 74. 

Joseph Orendorff, died April 6, 1821, aged 10 years. ! months, 
24 days. 

Hannah Williams, died Oct. 21, 1831, aged 62. 
•Hannah Fowler, died 1824. 

John Fowler, died 1825. 

Catharine E., wife of Jeremiah t.ookard, born May 8, 1824, 
died Dec. 25, 1SG9. 

John Fell/., died April 11, 1802, aged 1 year, 4 months. 

Joseph Arnold, died April 10, 1815, aged 70. 

Mary Arnold, died March 20, 1835, aged 71. 

Joseph Arnold, died Feb. 8, 1858, aged 76. 

Win. Hayden, died June 4. 1S02, aged 48. 

Honor Fowler, died May 7, 1S02, aged 59 years, 1 mouth, 14 

Rebecca Fowler, died Nov. 8, 1863, aged 75 years, 10 days. 

Comfort Durbin, died June. 4, 18-55, aged 83. 

Benjamin Durbin, died Aug. G, 1S11, aged 30 years, 1 

Benjamin Durbin, born March 30, 1748, died Nov. 20, 1815. 

Susannah Durbin, died Dee. 24, 1836, aged 84. 

Catherine Durbin, died Dec. '.'. 1849, aged 58. 

Dr. Win. Matthias, bom March S, 1-21, died April 17, 1864; 
Adelaide E„ his wife, born May In. 1832, died Nov. 10, 1S6S. 

Rebecca Orendorff, born Oct. 211. 1818, died Dee. 24, 1S6S. 
, - Eleanor Hayden, died April 19, 1844, aged 37. 

Catharine Hayden, died Oct. 10, 1857, aged So. 

Anna, wife of Patrick Hanrat, died .May 3, 1S17, aged 50. 

Wm. Hayden, Jr., died March 12, 1817, aged 35 years. C 

ninths. 24 day;. 
Thomas Durbin, died April 
Daniel Alter, born Aug. 4, 

Philip Clcary, bom Oct. IS. 1797, died Oct. 20, I860. 

Dr. W. S. Shipley, died June 21, 1870, aged 27. 

John Matthias, died Aug. 6, 1817, aged 07. 

Catharine, hi? wife, died Nov. 7, 1818, aged 59. 

Regina Gronadain, died .May 25, 1817. aged 80. 

Francis Grenadam, horn Feb. 15, 172--, married to Regina 
Brechbeal, 1754, died Feb. 18, 1S00. 

Cathi rine Matthias, born Nov. 22, 1783, died Sept. 4, 1x07. 

Margaret Matthias, horn June 20, 1790, died Sep!. 7, 1807. 

Anthony Arnold, died Aug. 19, 1824, aged 17 years, 4 months, 
5 days. 

John Lockard, died May \ [S74, aged SO years, 5 mouths, £ 
days; Elizabeth, his wife, died May 5, 1843, aged 55. 

Edward Fowler, died Nov. 21, 18G3, aged 81! years, 1 mouth--. 
21 days. 

Catharine Corban, died Sept. 6, 1811, aged 17. 

Basil Hayden, died Feb. 2, 1863, aged 79; and Apprillah, 
his wife, Feb. C, 186-1. aged 79. 

John Matthias, wife of Jacob, born Nov. la, 1791, died June 
8, 1872. 

Michael Lynch, died Nov. 20, 1800, aged 67. 

Mary Lynch, died Oct. 5, 1868, aged 65. 

Mary Ann Snider, died Sept. 20, 1802, aged 32. 

Chryostom Burke, born Feb. 29, 182 7, died Dec. IS, 1863. 

Mary E., wife of Win. II. Grumbine, horn Feb. 10, 1825, 
died Sept. 14, 1863. 

Anna Doyle, died Nov. 2s, 1859, aged 50. 

John A. Matthias, horn June 18, 1821, died Dec. 22, 1860. 

Cornelius Buckley, died May 12, 1877, aged 39 years, 2 
months, 2 days. 

Eliza J. Bu 

Joseph Ecke 

y, died Nov. 3, 1876, aged -11 years, 10 month 
ode, died Sept. 18, 18G8, aged 54 years, 

Regina Frankhouser, died August, 1853, aged 74. 

Christina Obold, died Feb. 6, 1S51, aged 89. 

John Wise, died July 27, 1SG0, aged 08 years, 7 montl 

Susan, his wife, died April 19, 1861, aged 68. 

Benjamin Fowler, died Jan. 7. ISG2, aged 5S years, U inoi 

Charlotte, wife of Bernard Kean, horn Oct. 21, ISO I, 
July 17. 1845. N. Awald. died Jan. 31, 1855, aged 39. 

Geo. StiavhcalTcr, died April 2, 1855, aged 43. 

Catharine Ricele, died Feb. 1C, 1S5S, aged 02. 

Eve Awald. died April -I, 1856, aged 70. 

Henry Ilil/kamp, died Jan. .".. 1853, aged 54. 

John Ore, died June 17, I860, aged 63. 

Anthony MeConwel], a native of County Armagh, Ir.l 
died July 11. 1805. aged 50. 

Adam Bowers, died Nov. 2, 180-1, aged 72 years. 1 1 11101 
23 days ; Catharine, his wife, died Jan. 3, 1874, agod S 1 y. 
11 months, S days. 

Ana.-taee A., wife of John Ore, died March -I, IS76, age. 

Catharine, wife of Aquilla Bowers, died June 20, 1869, . 
70 years, II months 11 .lays. 

John Yingliug, died Jan. 15, lSSO, aged 95. 

Eliza Lovcll, died Jan. 10, 1S70, aged 57 years, 6 month: 



•sa. wife of J. W. Zentj 
1707. died in Wcsliiiiiii 
Powers, di,.! Aug.:, IS 
Lynch, died March 2, 

if, '• horn in LarbocU, (it 
f, Dec. 6. 1818. 
1, aged 40. 



Patrick O'Brien, "a. native of ibo parish of Castletown- 
Count; Cork, Ireland," died Oct. 7, 3873, aged SO. 

Margaret, his wife, born in Ireland, died Oct. 1, lsos, aged 72. 

Helen M., wife of William J. Case, died Feb. 22, 1S7S, aged 
rears, 10 months, 15 day?. 

Sarah Haasc, died June 27. Is70, aged 7C. 

John Roberts, burn Aug. 12. 1m)), died Oct. 2ft, 1870. 

Ann. wife of William Roberts, died June 27, 1SG0, aged Sft. 

Daniel 11. Roberts, born Sept. is. 1340, died .Inly 10, 1873. 

Catharine 6. Roberts, died April 26, 1855, aged 52. 

Catharine Hook, died Oet. 27, 1*7", aged 74. 

John Sinnott, died .May 12. 1SS0. aged 7ft. 

Andrew J. Beaver, died May *. 1S79, aged 53 years, 5 
: lonths, 1ft days. 

1' ml Case, bom May S, 1806, died Sept. ft, lS7ft; Helen, bis 
■ife, born Sept. 5, IS] 0. died Nov. 1, lS7ft. 

i: ise E. Neal. born July S, 1S07, died March 4, 1s7ft. 

Elizabeth .Manydier, wife r.r John Brook Boyle died Feb. 0, 
,->, aged C. 1 years, 6 months. 

Marj A., vile ot Joshua Coil an, died April C. ISS0, aged 70. 

!Mi ibacl O'Brien, a native of Cork County, Treland, died Dec. 
12, 1-02, aged 40 ; Rebecca, his wife, died March 9, 1881, aged 
. u . 
John Evorheart, died Uee. 7, 1876, aged SI years, 11 months, 
24 day,, 
Anne Smith, born March, 1820, died February, 1S77. 
Mary Myers, died Nov. S, IS7S, aged 70 years. 
Philip Keller, died July 1 ft, 1867, aged 70 years, months, 

John Koontz, died Sept. 27, 1S72, aged 70 years, 6 months, 

Thomas Hurley, died April 22, JS69, aged 07 years. 

Morris Hurley, died Oct. 21, 1878, aged 32 years, 9 months, 

Christopher Rooney, died Oct. 23. ISOft, aged 40. "Served in 
the U.S. N T avj for fifteen years. When the Rebellion broke 
out enlisted as a private in Company C, Sixth Regiment Md. 
Vol.. U. P. Army, and sewed as chief musician of tin regiment 
until the close of the war. receiving an honorable discharge 
Oct. 3, ISOft." 

Elizabeth Buehinan, a native of France, born March 10, 
1776, died Mareh 24. 1855. 

Elizabeth Koons. died March 20. 1851, aged 76. 

Matthew Denning, died Feb. 4, 1S0.5, aged 93; and Hannah, 
I i( "ife, March 14, lb..?, aged 7S. 

" Jim," "as a. recognition of his services and fidelity to the 
(amily," J. T. Matthias. 

Martin Whucleather. dud Nov. 29, 1S7G, aged 03 years, 1 

Joseph Hawn, died Feb. 16, 1S7S, aged SI y 
-'7 days: Catharine, his wife, died March 23, 
Jfears, 5 months, 2 days. 

Nicholas Zentgraf, born in Laibaeh, Germany, Jan. In, 1810, 
'' '■' Oct. 12, 1S72. 

Joseph Shanaborough, died June 2. 1S72, aged 7ft \car.-, ft 
■ouths; Patience, his wife, born Oct. 20, 1797, died July 20, 

William Coghlan, born Dec. 31, 1774, died Mareh 27. lSft4. 

•Lace Church was organized in 18-1 0, 
''"' on August 5th of that year the corner-stone of' 
; '~ church edifice was laid with imposing ceremonies. 
'"tore that time the members of this new congrega- 
'■'"» had worshiped at St: Benjamin's church (ICrei- 
-' ' 8 1, about a mile and a half from town. Occasion- 

ed 66 

ally Lutheran services were held in the " Old Union 
Meeting-house." The first preaching in this section of 
the country was by Lutheran and German Reformed 
preachers and missionaries, as far bad; as 1747 and 
1748. Its pastors have been : 

1842-53, Rev. Philip Williard (preaching before the building 
of the church at. Kreiger's); 1853-60, Rev. Samuel Henry; 
1860-63, Rev. J, Martin; 1803-67., Rev. H. C. Hallmvay; 
1S67-09, Rev. I'. A. Strobel; 1S70-78, Rev. John A. 
Earnest; Aug. 28, 1S7S. to the present time, Rev. Henry 
W. Rutins. 

It has a flourishing Sunday-school, of which Henry 
15. Grammer is superintendent, and William Seabrook, 
assistant. This church, an outgrowth of St. Benja- 
min's, forms with it and St.. John's (Leister's), near 
Mexico, a charge under Lev. Mr. Kuhns. From 1846 
to about 1S57 Borst aud Winters' churches were 
united with these three in one charge. 

Adjoining the line church is a neat parsonage owned 
by the congregation. 
I St. Paul's Reformed Church is a child of the old 
I mother-church, St. Benjamin's (or Kreiger's), a mile 
ami a half distant in the country. Its separate church 
organization was formed in 18G8, when was laid the 
corner-stone of its elegant edifice, which was completed 
in 1809. Before that time its members worshiped 
at Kreiger's, though occasional Reformed preach- 
ing was heard in the " Old Union Meeting-house" 
from 1790 to 184(1. The church was organized and 
its building erected under the auspices of Rev. W. C. 
Creraer, who continued as pastor until 187G. His 
successor was Lev. J. G. Noss, who is the present in- 
cumbent, and was installed in December, 187G. The 
Consistory is composed of Peter B. Mikesell, John 
EL Bowers, John L. Reifsnider, Andrew N. Stephan, 
elders; and J. Brinkerhoff, J. T. Orndorff, Theodore 
A. Evans, William II. II. Zepp, deacons. The super- 
intendent of the Sunday-school is 'William B. Tin. mas. 
j The elegant parsonage adjoining the church was built 
after the hitter's erection. The site of this church, on 
I the corner of Green and Broad .Streets, is one of the 
! most beautiful and desirable in the city. The main 
! building is forty-six by seventy feet on the flank wall, 
j with a pulpit recess of six by eighteen feet, making 
the entire length of the building, from the outside 
wall of the tower to that, of the pulpit-recess, eighty- 
; three feet. The building has a basement ten feet 
high, and an audience-chamber eighteen feet deep on 
the (lank wall and thirty-one and a half in the centre. 
: The style of architecture is modern Gothic, with 
i traces of a composite nature. The front and tower 
arc supported by pilasters, capped with the Gettys- 
burg granite. The brick-work is adorned with pin- 



naclcs, and a spire sixty feet in height, making the 
entire height of tower ami spire one hundred and 
twenty-six feet. The windows are Gothic, with stained 
and frosted glass. The audience-chamber has a chan- 
cel, with a beautifully-designed pulpit, reading-desk, 
and baptismal font. The pews are scroll, front and 
back, and the ceiling is ornamented with panel, stucco, 
and fresco-work. The building committee were David 
H. Shviver, Augustus Sluiver, S. L. Myers, A. Long, 
Jesse Growl, Josiah Crowl, and Rev. W. C. Creamer. 
The architects were Sharb it Leister; master-car- 
penter, George Lease; master-mason and bricklayer, 
Christian Await. 

The Westminster Society of the Methodist Prot- 
estant Church was organized iu 1829. It was origi- 
nally included in the association of churches consti- 
tuting Pipe Creek Circuit. In 18u7 it was made a 
separate charge, and so continued until 1840, when 
it became a part of Baltimore Circuit. In 184-1 it 
was again united with Pipe Creek Circuit, and con- 
tinued to hold that relation until "J S 7 1 , at which time 
it became again a district church under the title of 
Westminster Station. 

Its pastors have been : 

1829, I>. E. Reese, Sr.; 1S30, F. Stier, J. Hanson; 1831, F. 
Flier, J. Ibbcrston; 1S32, rsaac Webster, C.Jncobs; 1S33, 
Isaac Webster, W. Scxsinitb; 1S34, Josiah Varden, II. 
Doyle; 1S35, J. W. Everest, II. Doyle, A. A. Lipscomb; 
■ 1S36, Jolin S. Reese, J. W. Porter; 1837, T. G. Clayton; 
1S3S, Josiah Varden; 1839, J. W. Porter; IS40, Eli Ilcn- 
klc, James Eldcrdice; 1841, J. Keller, J. Hisore; 1S42, J, 
Whitworth.J.Hisorc; 1S43, EliHenklc; 1S44, W. Collier, 
T. L. MeLcan, J.D.Brooks; 1S45-46, W. Collior, P. L. 
Brooks, .1. K. Nichols; Is 17, J. Morgan, T. D. Valiant; 
1S4S, J. Morgan, W. Roby : 1S49, D. E. Reese, W. Itoby ; 
1S50, 1>. E. Reese, T. L. MeL6an; IS51, II. P. Jordan, J. 
Roberta; 1S52, 11. P. Jordan, 11. J. Day; 1S53, T. M. Wil- 
son, II. J. Dny; 1S54, T. M.Wilson, J. A. McFaddcn; 
1S55, F. Swentzcll, J. A. MeFadden ; 1SS6, F. Swcntzc I, 
N. S. Grecnawnj ; 1S57-69, J. T. Ward, J. T. Murray; 
1S00, D. 1-:. Reese, J. li. Jones; 1S01, 1>. E. Reese; 1S02- 
fit, P. L.Wilson; 1S65-CS, R.S.Norris; 1S6S-71, 1). Wil- 
son; 1S71-74, W. S. Hammond; 1S74-77; It. C. Cushing; 
1S7T-SI, S. B. Southerland; 1881, March, J. T. Murray, 
present incumbent. 

The present church edifice was built upon the site | 
of the former, and was dedicated August, 1SGS, llev. 
Daniel Wilson being the pastor, when the dedicatory 
sermon was [.reached by Rev. J. J. Murray, D.D. 

The superintendent of the Sunday-school is Dr. 
Charles Billingsloa. The church trustees are E. 0. 
Grimes, Joshua Yingling, Dr. J. W. llering; and the 
stewards, Dr. C. Billingslea, R. S. Narment, Isaac 
Bailc, Jesse Shreeve, Elias Yingling, Dr. W. II. Rip- 
paid, and M. J.. Lantz. 

The church edifice owned and occupied by the 

German Baptists, or Brethren (Dunkers), is situat d 
on Bond Street, fronting Belle Park. It was creed i 
by the Baptists, assisted by friends of its pastor, Hi v. 

Dr. Cole 

at ion was small, and 


i of the building became advisable. It was purchased 
by the Brethren, they paying therefor the sum of two 
j thousand two hundred dollars. They were matertallv 
assisted therein by the citizens of Westminster not 
connected with their denomination. The building i; 
a handsome brick structure. The congregation is a 
part of that very considerable body known as the 
" Pipe, Creek Congregation." Its bishop or elder is 
Solomon Stoner, who resides at Uniontown. The 
associate ministers are William 11. Franklin, Ephraim 
W. Stoner, Joel Hoop, Amos Caylor, and Uriah 

The original trustees were Henry Warner, John 
Englar, D.D. Bonsack, Uriah Bixler, and Dr. Lewis 
Woodward. To these, in trust for the use of the 
Brethren, were conveyed the buildings by Rev. Isaac 
Cole, Julia J. Cole. George W. Matthews, Charles L. 
Morgan, Isabella M. Matthews, tiustees of the West- 
minster Baptist Church, by deed dated May !). 1879, 
In November, 18S0, a Sunday-school was organized, 
numbering at present about one hundred and fifty 
scholars. Its superintendent is Dr. Lewis Wood- 

The Protestant Episcopal Church (Ascension) 
was organized iu 1S42 by Kevs. David 
Buell and C. C. Austin, but Episcopal services had 
been held at various times previously. The corner- 
stone of the church edifice was laid Aug. 27, 1844, 
with appropriate ceremonies, by the Bt. llev. Bishop 
Whittingham, assisted by other 'clergymen. It was 
erected on one of the court-house lots. It was built 
of stone, under the superintendence of R. Carey Long, 
an eminent architect of Baltimore. It was conse- 
crated by Bishop Whittingham, May 19, 1846. The 
first record of baptism is that of Fannie C. Shellman, 
now the wife of Isaac E. Pearson, Oct. lfi, 1842, by 
Rev. Charles C. Austin. Its rectors have been : 



Samuel Chalmers l'avis; 1851-53, Thomas James Wyatt; 
Feb. 20, 1854, to 1S57, Oliver Sherman Prescott; IS57 Iu 
Sep:. 27, ISGI, Edward It. C. Goodwin; April 20, IS,.-. lo 
Jan. 20. IS64. James Cbrysinl ; Jan. I'd, 1864, to .Mae!. S, 

1570. .Tame, W. Reese, A.M.; April 10, 1870, to Jul; 10, 

1571, John H. Converse, A.M.; Aug.], 1S71, to April I, 
1S75, Julian E. Ingle; Oct. 1, 1S75, t.. Bee. I, 1S70. Isaac 
Leo Nicholson, Jr., A.M.; Jan. 7, 1SS0, James Stuart 
Smith,. l;.l>. 

The church officers in 18S1 weie: Wardens, Henry 
Vanderford, Charles T. Reifsnider ; Vestrymen, Dr. 
George Fouke, Hugo E. Fiddis, George Sharer, 


Chapman Johnson, Dr. Columbus M. Brown. Rev. 

Mr. Smith, the rector, is superintendent of the Sun- 
Jav-school, and lias also a colored congregation in 
connection with his parish. " The Guild of the Holy 
Child" lias been in successful operation for several years. 
The new chapel was begun June, 1STG, and com- 
pleted in September of thai year, and was opened 
September 29th, on the festival of St. Michael's. The 
new communion plate was procured at Easter, 1S7G. 
and consecrated in August succeeding. The commo- 
dious parsonage was commenced in October. 1S79, 
and completed the ensuing year, and occupied on St. 
Barnabas' day, June 11th. An English ivy covers 
the entire facade of the church, which is a pure 
model of Gothic architecture. In the rear is the 
parish burying-ground, where lie at rest many who 
were prominently connected with the church. An 
interesting tomb in this cemetery is that of Leigh 
Master, the inscription on which is as follows: 

"Legh Master, Esqnirc, 

Late of New Hall, in 

Lancashire, England. 

Died the 22d .lay of March, 1796, 

Aged 79 years." 

In the corner of the yard lies the body of Capt. 
William Murray, who fell in a skirmish at West- 
minster, Juue 29, 1803, during the civil war, between 
a company of Delaware Federal cavalry aud the ad- 
vance-guard of Gen. J. E. I?. Stuart's Confederate 
command, where six or seven others were killed. 
The names of all other persons in this cemetery to 
whom stones are erected are here given : 

Betty G. Van Bibber, born May IS, 1S1C, died Oet. 24, 1853. 

Sally F. Van Bibber, .lied Sept. 21, IS62, aged 10. 

Isaac Van Libber, born Jan. 27, 1810, died Sept. 2S, 1847. 

Washington Van Libber, born Feb. 15, 1778, died April 8, 
IMS; and Lucrctia Van Libber, died May 10, 1867, aged SO. 

Abraham Van Libber, died Feb. 12, 1601, aged 39. George 
1.. Van Libber. 

Isaac Van Bibber, Ann Neilson (bothononestono). Marcher, 
•on of (1. L. and II. C. Van Libber. Mary Emory, died June 
•• 1-74. aged 82. 

Elizabeth S. Perry, born March 31, 1817, died Oet. 7, ISO]. 

James M. Shellraan, born in Louisville, Ga., Sept. 8, 1801, 

died Jan. 14, 1,851. 

J.ojub Reese, born Jan. 21, 1 70S. died April 19, 1872; and 
bis wile, Eleanor, born Oct. 5. 1798, died Nov. 20, 1871. 

John F. Reese, horn Feb. 17, 1808, died April 15, 1859. 

F., wife of Edwin. P. Reese, born Jan. 23, 1834, 




t'r. Hlisho 1). Payne, bom Nov. 11. 1796, died Jan. 19, 1 155. 

'"""lie. daughter of Joseph M. and Margaret Newson, died 
Ju, .v 21, 1872, aged 10. 

Anna Mary, daughter of U. W. and Mary A. Hunter, died 
'Mi- 3, 1870, aged 8 months. Samuel Lai tz. 
/•",,„tl Butler, of Company C, Thirty-second Regiment, 

■ •'• C. '!'., died Ajoil 28, 186S, aged 45-' 

George Ann Layer, aged 13. 

Dr. Bernard Mills, died May 19, 1869, aged 38. 

Eliza, wife of Francis Horsey, horn April 10. I S01, died 
March 14. 1805. V., daughter ofGeorgoS. and Mary J. Fouke, died May 
20, 1863,'nearly 3 years of age. 

Fannie, daughter of William and Maty A. Moore, aged 1 

R. T. D. Rosan, died Feb. 25, 1852, aged 1 year. 

The Centenary Methodist Episcopal church was 
built in 1869. Methodist preaching was held at pri- 
vate dwellings in Westminster as early as ] 769, and 
among the local or traveling preachers who held ser- 
vices were Hezekiah Bonham and his son Robert, 
Robert Straw-bridge. Paul Hagarty, John Hagarty, 
Robert Walker, and Freeborn Garrettson, who came 
at irregular intervals and preached in this new settle- 
ment. After the building of the '■ Old Union Meet- 
ing-house" service was occasionally held until 1839, 
when the regular church organization took place. Tn 
this year was erected the first Methodist Episcopal 
church, a brick structure, on the site of the present 
edifice. In 1865 the parsonage, was built. Tin' pres- 
ent church building was begun in April, 18GS. Its 
corner-stone was laid in August following, and the. 
edifice was completed and occupied in March, 1S69. 
It is a Gothic structure, twenty -nine feet high in the 

! clear on the inside, and is thirty by eighty feet in 
size. It has an audience-room and basement, the 
latter one of the finest in the Slate outside of Balti- 
more. The building, with its furnishings, cost nearly 
sixteen thousand dollars. It has three organs. Its 

I site was formerly owned by John Fisher. When 
erected its pastor was Rev. J. Edwin Amos, who was 
admitted to the Conference in 1S59. Since it was 
made a station, in 1SG9, its pastors, with dates of 
their admission into the Conference, have been : 

1809, John W. Hedges, adui. 1845; 1870-72, C. P. Baldwin, 
adni. 1S0G; 1872-71, C. 11. Richardson, adin. IS00; ls74- 
70, George V. Leech, adm. 1850; 1S70-7S, E. E. Shipley, 
adm. 1802; 1878-81. J. D. Still, adm. 1859; 1881, John 
Edwards, adm. 1871. 

Its Sunday-school superintendent is II. L. Norris, 
and the assistant is Miss Sue Castle. The number of 
scholars is 100. 

The Union. National Bank of 'Westminster (usually 
styled the "Old Dank") was removed in April, 1S68, 
from the building it bad occupied as a banking insti- 
tution for more than half .a century to the fine build- 
ing erected by Dr. Hering in the central part of the 

! town, which was fitted up in handsome style with all 
the necessary appurtenances for banking. This is one 
of the oldest institutions in the Slate. 

I The Commercial aud Farmers' Bank of Baltimore 



established a branch in Westminster in IS] 4. At 
that time the cities on the Chesapeake were threatened 
by the British army. It was located in the building 
then owned by Jacob Krouse, where the vaults wove 
prepared and the specie and the other funds of the 
Commercial and Farmers' Bank were removed for 
greater security. The branch was under the manage- 
ment of Mr. Thomal, one of the clerks of the parent 

As this was intended merely as a temporary ar- 
rangement, after the war was over the branch was 

An act of incorporation was obtained for the Bank 
of Westminster in 1816, with a capital of three hun- 
dred thousand dollars. The books of subscription for 
stock were opened in Westminster and Middleburg by 
commissioners, one of whom was Joshua C. Gist. 
The first, election for directors was held in March, 
181G, when the following-named gentlemen were 
elected, viz.: James McHaffie, John Fisher, Jesse 
Slingluff, Isaac Shriver, Joshua Delaplane, Jacob 
Shriver, John Wampler, Dr. George Colegate, Joshua j 
Cockey, and Francis Hollingsworth. Mr. Hollings- 
worth declined serving, when Wm. Durbin, Sr., was 

At the first meeting of the board, in April, 181(i. 
James McHaffie was elected president, and at a sub- 
sequent meeting John Walsh (a clerk in the Union 
Bank of Baltimore) was elected cashier, aud John 
Wampler appointed clerk. 

A considerable amount of the stock of the bank 
having been subscribed at " Frederick Town," the ! 
stockholders then asked for a branch, styled the 
"Office of Pay and Receipt," which was granted in 
1817, under control of a board of managers, with the 
venerable Dr. William Tyler at its head. 

This was the origin of what afterwards became 
and is now known as the Farmers' and Mechanics' j 
Bank of Frederick County. 

In 1818, Jesse Slingluff was elected president in 
place of James McHaffie, deceased. 

In 1819 the directors elected were as follows: j 
Jesse Slingluff, president; William Durbin, Ludwick 
Wampler, Henry Kuhn, George Colegate, Benjamin 
Rutherford, John C. Cockey, Gideon Bantz, Thomas 
Boyer, John Fisher, Joseph Swcaringen. 

In l.S^O, John Wampler was chosen cashier in 
place of Mr. Walsh. 

In 1821, Mr. Slingluff resigned the presidency and ' 
was succeeded by John C. Cockey; Mr. Slingluff 
continued as directoi until his death. 

lii 1828, Mr. Cockey died; Joshua Jones acted I 
as president pro tern, until April, 1827, when Isaac ' 

Shriver was elected president, and at the same tin,,. 
John Fisher was elected cashier in place of Mr. 

In 1S27 the stockholders at Frederick demanded ... 
change, ami the Legislature granted their request 1 j 
changing the title from the ''Bank of Westminster' 
to that of the "Farmers' and Mechanics' Bank of 
Frederick County," with the parent bank at Frederic!; 
and the branch at Westminster. Dr. William Tyler 
as president, and William M. Beale as cashier, were 
the officers at Frederick; and Isaac Shriver as presi- 
dent, and John Fisher as cashier, were continued at 
the branch. 

In 1820 the Frederick stockholders attempted to 
abolish the branch, which was resisted, and final!-, 
resulted in a separation in 1830 of the two institu- 
tions, the bank here resuming its original title of 
" Bank of Westminster," with a capital of $100,000. 
one-third of the original stock remaining here and 
two-thirds in the Farmers' and Mechanics' Bank of 
Frederick County. 

In 1857, John K. Longwell was' elected president 
in place of Isaac Shriver, deceased, who bad served 
in that capacity for thirty years. 

In 1SG3, John Fisher died, after having been 
cashier of the bank for thirty-six years, ami having 
served as director or cashier from the creation of the 
bank iu 1816 to the period of his death, and was suc- 
ceeded by the election of John C. Frizzell as cashier. 

On April 27, 1S65, the bank was robbed, as the 
following account of the same will show: 
clock on T1iu^J;iy evenh: 

'About twe 

sed in (he town. John Fri 

re both in the hank at the tin 

'. cashier, ami the 
Frizzel locked the 

door of the building, having the vault open, and ]•> .!•■■ 1 !..ti. 

scene of the conflagration, which proved to be the barn of .Mr. 
Frizzel, which had been set on tire, and which the citizens suc- 
ceeded in extinguishing. On returning to the hank it was dis- 
covered that the frontdoor had been forced, and the in tituti 
robbed of eleven thousand dollars in greenbacks and ten thou- 
sand dollars in the issues of the hank, consisting of twentj un I 
fifty-dollar notes. A large package of ten-dollar notes ho 
dropped on the floor of the vault in the hurry of the thieve- t 
get away. The whole affair was executed in a few minute;, aud 
was remarkably null planned." 

In 1866 the institution was changed from the State 
Bank of Westminster to that of the Union National 
Bank of Westminster, when John J. Baumgartnu 
was elected cashier in place of Mr. Frizzell, resigned. 

Iu 1867, Mr. Baumgartuer reigned, and Dr. J. W. 
Hering was elected cashier. 

Iu 1869 the officers of the bank were as follows: 

ietors, John K. Longwell, pr 

esidentj Jacob 1 

J.Gcimun, Abraham Shaf. r 

, William Reese, 

J. Henry lloppe, Lawronc 

e Zcpp, David 

German; Cashier, J. \Y. He 

ring; Teller, Jl 


In 1831 trie directors were: 

b„ H. Longwcll, president: Daniel J. Gii 
Keese, David Gieinan, Lawrence Zepp, Cha 
Francis II. Orendorff, William 1'. Maulsbj 
Shaw. Dr. J. Howard Billingslea; Cash 

Biliingslea; Cashier, Hi'. J. W. 

The committee of directors of the Farmers' and 
Mechanics' Bank appointed to secure an eligible loea- i 
lion for tlie erection of a reported, Oct. . 
25, 1S50, that they had purchased the house and lot ; 
. !' "round then in the occupancy of Cant. John Mc- 
Collum. This property was situated in tlie central 
j irt of the town, and was bought for §2300. The 
stockholders connected a banking-house with the main | 
building, eighteen feet front, and running back thirty : 
feet, on the side next to A. W. Dorsey's drug-store, i 
This building was erected by Wampler & Evans, 
and completed in January, 1851. In November, 
1S50, the president, Jacob Matthias, selected the 
plates for printing notes of the denominations ul' l's, 
o's, 10's, 20's, and no's. The third installment of 

five dollars on each share of subscribed stock was 
Called for to be paid in by Jan. 4, 1851. 

This bank has from the beginning done a large 
amount of business, and is under judicious man- 
agement. The office of president has been filled i 
bj Jacob Matthias, John Smith, Dr. J. L. War- 
field, Joseph Shaeffer, and that of cashier by Jacob 
Reese and A. D. Schaeffer. In 1876 the directors ' 
were William Bachtnan, Andrew K. Shriver, John 
BabyloD, Benjamin W. Bennett, George Schaeffer, 
William A. McKellip. In 1881 they were Joseph 
SchaefTer, Benjamin W. Bennett, George Schaeffer, 
William Bachman, William A. McKellip. 

The First National Bank of Westminster was 
established in I860, under the new national system 
"t hanking, and the result of its operations is con- i 
ridered a decided success by its stockholders and 
customers. Up to 1831 its officers have been: 
"residents, Alfred Troxel, Augustus Shriver, Gran- 
ule S. Haines; Cashiers, William A. Cunning- 
ham, George B. Gehr; Directors, Joshua Yingling, 
David Koglar, William Lawyer, David Cassell.'Sam- 
»«' McKiustry, Philip 11. L. Myers, David J. Roop, 
H«nry liailo. ' 

The Mutual Fire Insurance Company of Carroll 
' '■■"><}■ was chartered and began business in 1SG9. 
I'- lirsl directors were Augustus Shriver (president), 
1,1 hard Manning (secretary and treasurer), John 
i: rls, Alfred Zollickoffer, Dr. Henry E. Beltz, Ed- 
' 'd Lynch, Dr. J. W. Heriug, Dr. Samuel Swope, 
Granville S. Haines, David Prugh. The directors 

'■ I 1»M u-,„„ . 

Dr. J. W. Hering (president). Ricliard Manning (secret 

iry and 

treasurer), Granville S. Haines, Edward Lynch 


Fowble, Dr. Samuel Swope. Charles B. Roberts 


Prugh, Granville T. Hering, Alfred Zollickoffer. 

The above comprises all who have been di 


from its organization save Daniel 11. Bobei 

ts, de- 


The Westminster Savings Institution was or- 
ganized in 18(39. To ISTti its officers were: 
President, Jesse Reifsnidcr; Treasurer. B. \V. Jienneit: Secre- 
tary, J. X. Diflenbaugh ; Directors, Dr. Charles Billings- 
lea, Luther H. Norris. Nathan 1. Gorsuch, James W. 
Beacbani, Ezra S. Stouffer, Charles T. Reifsnidcr. 
Its officers in 18S1 were: 
President, P. W. Bennett; Secretary, John X. Diffenbaugh; 
Treasurer, Jesse Rcifsnider; Directors, If. L. Norris, Dr. 
Charles Billingslea, E. L. Lawyer. E. 0. Grimes, Mordecai 
McKiustry, Charles T. Reifsnider. 
It was incorporated Oct. 4, 1SG9. Its incorporators 
and first officers were : 

President, Jesse Heifsnider; Secretary, Jo.!m T. Diffenbaugh; 
Treasurer, Nntbqn I. Gorsuch; Directors, Benjamin \V. 
Bennett. John Englar, Josephus II. Iloppe, H. I.. Norris, 
James V,'. Beaeham, Chas. T. Reifsnidcr, Win. L. Beggs. 

A mass-meeting of the citizens of Westminster 
was held April 27, 1870, to consider the advisability 
of an additional water supply for the municipality. 
An act of Assembly had been passed authorizing the 
levy of a tax for this purpose, coupled with a proviso 
that it should not be levied unless approved by a vote 
of the next city council of the town. The meeting 
was enthusiastically in favor of the improvement. 
Mayor David Fowble presided, and Dr. William 11. 
Rippard and W. II. Vanderford acted as secretaries. 
A ticket ignoring politics and in favor of the water- 
works was chosen, as follows: for mayor, P. II. 
Irwin ; for councilmen, Jesse Yingling, Nathan Y. 
Gorsuch, and M. B. G rammer. The ticket was elected 
at the subsequent election, to carry out the necessary 
measures to furnish the city with a supply ol pure 

There was a meeting March 24, 1870, of the 
stockholders of the Westminster Gaslight Company, 
and the following officers were chosen to direct the 
affairs of the company: President, John L. Keif- 
snider; Directors, 0. Oliver O'Donnell, C. Hart 
Smith, George C. Hicks, Joshua Yingling, Charles 
B. Roberts, and Edward Lynch. Dr. James L. Bil- 
lingslea was chairman of the meeting, and W. A. 
Cunningham, secretary. The progress of the com- 
pany from this time was rapid. The necessary build- 
ing.- were begun and hurried to completion, and in 
September the city was lighted with gas. The work 
of construction was superintended by 1!. A. Holmes, 



of Baltimore. The officers of the company in 1S76 
were: President, John L. Reifsnider; Directors, 

Charles B. Roberts, Edward Lynch, Joshua Ying- 
ling, C. Hart Smith, George C. Hicks, Charles E. 
Savage; Secretary and Treasurer, William A. Cuti- 

Joseph M. Parke, one of the most estimable citizens 
of Westminster, and the subject of this sketch, was 
born Feb. 6, 1810, in Sadsbury township, Chester 
Co., Pa., about one mile north of Parkesburg, His 

fa *^Xs^df-fr 

L ^^~) 

father, George W. Parke, was born Oct. 18, 1780, 
and died Feb. 25, 1860. His mother was Mary, 
daughter of John Fleming, of the neighborhood of 
Coatesville. She died in February, 1817. His ma- 
ternal grandmother was a Slaymaker, of Pequea, 
Lancaster Co., Pa., and his paternal grandfather was 
Joseph Parke, who was born in Chester County, Pa., 
Dec. 21, 1737, and died near Parkesburg, July 2, 
1823. His paternal grandmother was Ann Maxwell, 
of Lancaster County, Pa. His great-grandfather was 
John Parke, who died July 28, 1787, and his great- 
great -grand lather was Arthur Parke, who came to 
this country with his family from Donegal County, 
Ireland, some time prior to 1724, and settled in West 
Fallowfield township, Chester Co., Pa., and died there 
iu February, 1740, as stated in Everts' " History of 
Chester County, Pa.," published in July, 1881. The 

Parke family is of the Scotch-Irish Presbyterian 
stock, and went to North Ireland at an early period 
from Scotland or England. Joseph .Maxwell Parke 
has several brothers and a sister still surviving, viz. ; 
Samuel S., George W., Jr., and Dr. Charts R. 
Parke, all of Rloomington, III— the latter a half- 
brother by his father's second marriage, — and Caro- 
line, wife of Evan Jones, now residing near Win- 
chester, Va. In 1823, at the age of thirteen years, 
he left home to attend a classical school started by his 
uncle, Rev. Samuel Parke, a Presbyterian clergyman, 
af Slate Ridge, now the town of Delta. York Co., 
Pa., near the Maryland line. After a few years spent 
in studying the Latin and Greek languages and other 
studies, preparatory to entering college, he was em- 
ployed by his uncle as a teacher in the same academy. 
He had a number of pupils of about bis own age, some 
from Harford County, Md., and among them was Dr. 
F. Butler, now of Westminster. Iu 1829 he left Slate 
Ridge to attend college at Cauonsburg, Washington 
Co., Pa., then in considerable repute, under (be man- 
agement of Rev. Matthew Brown, and graduated in 
1831, at the age of twenty-one, in a class of thirty- 
one students. Having his mind fixed on the profes- 
sion of the law, and with a view of assisting himself 
thereto, as well as improving bis education, he deter- 
mined to engage for a time in teaching. Seeing an 
advertisement in the Philadelphia Saturday Evening 
Post that a classical teacher was wanted at Man- 
chester (then Baltimore), Carroll Co., he visited that 
place, and became the first principal of Manchester 
Academy, about Dec. 1, 1831. He continued as such 
until 1S39, with an intermission of a year. In April, 
1835, he was married to Amanda, second daughter of 
George Motter, of Manchester. They have had a 
large family of children, of whom five survive, viz. : 
Frances H., wife of Edwin K. Gernand, merchant ; 
George Motter Parke, the present deputy register of 
wills : Mary Letitia, widow of the late Prof. J. Mort- 
imer Hurley; Josephine Amanda, wife of J. Edwin 
Taylor, of the Taylor Manufacturing Company; and 
John Fleming, iu the employ of said company, — all 
now of Westminster, Md. 

As we have stated, in 1837 the new county of Car- 
roll was established, and embraced Manchester within 
its limits. Dr. Jacob Shower, of that town, was one of 
the representatives of the new county for the first two 
sessions of 18:)7 and 18^S, and having declined a re- 
election. Mr. Parke was nominated on the Di mocratic 
ticket, and elected in 1839 to the House of Delegates 
of Maryland. For some years he had devoted bis 
spare time to the study of law under the direction of 
the late Charles I' - . Mayer, of Baltimore, and after the 



adjournment of the Legislature in the spring of 1840 
),c was admitted to the bar in Baltimore City by the 
Baltimore County Court. In April, IS JO, he removed 
to Westminster, Md., the new county-seat, where he j 
has ever since resided. About the same time he pur- ■ 
chased the Democrat and Cm-roll County Repub- I 
licmi, which had been started at Westminster by Wil- 
liam Shipley in February, 1838, and had been con- | 
ducted by him for about six weeks more than two 
years. The editing of that paper, with some practice 
of the law, occupied his attention for about eight 
years, until 184S, when he disposed of his interest in ! 
it to J. T. II. Bringman, who had purchased a half- 
interest in it two years before. 

During the eight years of his editorial control there ' 
wore three memorable Presidential campaigns: in 
1840, between Harrison and Van Buret] ; in IS 44. ! 
between Clay and Polk; and in 1848, between Tay- 
lor and Cass. Though an ardent politician and de- 
voted to his party, his course was always fair and 
honorable, and commanded the respect of his political 
opponents. With him patriotism was superior to party, ! 
and there were occasions on which he did not hesitate 
to rise above mere party influences when he conceived I 
its objects did not correspond with the public good. 
For many years he strenuously supported the cause of 
reform in Maryland. The present generation has but i 
little idea of the difficulties encountered by Reformers 
in breaking the hold of the minority upon the legis- 
lative power of the State. The constitution was the 
mere creature of the Legislature, and as each county 
had four delegates and the citio.-. of Annapolis and 
Baltimore two each, without regard to size or popula- 
tion, the smaller couutjes had entire control of the 
government, and- the minority was naturally inclined 
to hold to power with a firm grip. After the fright 
caused by the refusal of the " glorious nineteen'' 
senatorial electors to enter the college and elect State 
Senators, thus leaving the other twenty-one without a 
constitutional quorum, it was perceived that the State ! 
Was on the verge of a revolution, and the Legislature 
undertook to make the changes of 1836 in the con- 
stitution, conceding the right of the people to elect 
their Governor and State senators by a direct vote, 
"'id a moderate increase to Baltimore City and the 
lar«er counties in legislative influence. Still it was ' 
wr from satisfactory, and the Reformers continued to 
press the call of a convention. In the western coun- 
ts, especially in Carroll and Frederick, very' many 
Reformers, both of the Democratic and Whig parties, 
piceiving that party feeling tended to defeat reform 
'' '-in ,.-, agreed to combine without distinction of 
P*rty, and accordingly, when the call for the conven- 

tion of 1851 was obtained from the Legislature, a 
ticket was made up for the convention and triumph- 
antly elected in Carroll County composed of three 
Democrats — Dr. Jacob Shower, lion. Elias Brown, and 
Joseph M. Parke — and two Whigs, — Mordecai G. 
Cockcy and Andrew G. Ege. In Frederick Couuty 
three of each party were elected. In the convention 
Mr. Parke supported the most advanced measures of 
reform, including representation strictly according to 
population and the election of nearly all officers by 
the people. 

John Baumgartner, the first register of wills of 
Carroll County, and the first elected under the consti- 
tution of 1851, died early in 1 853, and Mr. Parke was 
appointed by the Orphans' Court to fill that vacancy. 
He held the. office from Jan. 31, 1853, until the next 
election in the fall, when he was nominated by his party 
and elected for six years. In 1859 he was re-elected 
and served another term of six years. In 18G5 he de- 
clined to be a candidate for that office, because, as he 
conceived, the. Union party, with which he had acted 
during the civil war, had become merged into the 
Republican party, and he had supported Gen. Mc- 
Clellan, the Democratic nominee for President in 
1804. In 1866 he purchased the Democratic Advo- 
cate, a newspaper started in November, 1SG5, by 
William H.Davis in the place of the old Carroll 
County Democrat, destroyed by a mob in April, 18G5, 
and by its aid contributed to the success of the Dem- 
ocratic and Conservative party in the county and 
Stale. Under the constitution adopted by the con- 
vention of 1867, a new election of register of wills 
became necessary, and he was again nominated and 
elected to that office for another term of six years. 
On his election he sold the Democratic Advocate to 
W. H. Davis, who soon afterwards sold it. to Henry 
Vanderford and hi-; son, William II. Vanderford. He 
held the office of register of wills for nearly nine- 
teen years, retiring therefrom in December, 1S73, 
since which time he has not aspired to political sta- 
tion, but has quietly devoted himself to the practice 
of his profession. In 1SG0 he was a strenuous sup- 
porter of the late Stephen A. Douglas for the Presi- 
dency, and of the compromises introduced int.) Con- 
gress to heal the breach between the North and South. 
When the war broke out he adhered to the Northern 
Democracy, and warmly supported the cause of the 
Union, carefully discriminating between the govern- 
ment and the part}' conducting it; believing, in fact, 
that the South, by its factious rejection of Senator 
Douglas, one of its truest friends, and its secession 
from the Northern Democrats, had caused Mr. Lin- 
coln's election. 



When the -war was over, Mr. Parke favored the 
policy of President Andrew Johnson, to restore the 
era of good feeling between the sections, and to' ad- 
mit the Southern Stales at once to their rights in the 
Union. He believed that there were mutual errors, 
and that the North was not so clear of blame as to 
entitle her to demand humiliating terms of the South. 
He has always maintained and expressed an exalted 
idea of the future of our great republic, and of its 
providential mission, and predicts that as soon as the 
sore places caused by the late war shall have been 
healed our entire people will combine to make the 
country what Providence designed it to be, — an illus- 
tration of the ability of the people to govern them- 
selves, allowing the maximum amount of freedom, 
and securing the greatest prosperity to all. 

The Farmers' and Planters' Live-Stock Mutual Aid 
Association of Carroll County was incorporated May 
9, 1881, with the home-office in Westminster, for the 
sole insurance of live-stock. Its officers are Samuel 
Roop, presideut; Theodore F. Englar, vice-president ; 
Charles H. Baughman, secretary ; Charles Schaeffer, 
treasurer; B. F. Crouse, attorney. Board of Trustees, 
Samuel Poop, Theodore F. Englar, Milton Schaeffer, 
Charles H. Baughman, Dr. George S. Yiugling, 
Charles Schaeffer, B. F. Crouse. 

The State Mutual Benefit Association of Carroll 
County was incorporated in 1879. Ps officers are: 
President, Jesse Reifsnider ; Vice-President, Granville 
S. Haines; Secretary, Dr. George S. Yin-ling; Treas- 
urer, George P. Gehr ; Counselor, Charles T. Reif- 
snider; Medical Director, J. G. Keller, M.D. The 
board of trustees are Jesse Reifsnider, Granville S. 
Haines, Joshua Yiugling, Philip H. L. Myers, Au- 
drew N. Stephan, George R. Gehr, Charles T. Reif- 
snider, Josiah G. Keller, George S. Yiugling, M.D. 

The corner-stone of the engine house of the West- 
minster Fire Department was laid Monday, April 14, 
1879, in the presence of a large number of people. 
Members of Door to Virtue Lodge and George Wash- 
ington Masonic Lodge met at the Odd- Fellows' Hall, 
and preceded by the Silver Run Rand marched to the 
lot opposite the Catholic church, formed a square, 
and at once performed the ceremonies. Dr. William 
H. Rippard, W. M., called the brethren to order. 
Prayer was offered by Rev. J. D. Still, pastor of 
Centenary Methodist Episcopal Church. The Master 
of the lodge, assisted by F H. Miller, S. W., and Ed- 
ward Zieglcr, J. W., then laid the corner-stone, the 
members making the necessary responses. Hon. John 
E. Smith, the orator of the occasion, was absent, 
owing to indisposition. Dr. Rippard, president of the 
tire company, made a statement giving in brief a his- 

tory of the Cre department, what, they had accom- 
plished, and what they had every reason to expect 
from the citizens. The customary box was placed in 
the stone. It contains two copies each of the Demo- 
cratic Advocate and American Sentinel, fractional 
currency, constitution, by-laws, and names of the mem- 
bers of the fire compauy, letters from Charles T. Hoi- 
loway, fire inspector, and from the fire commissioners 
of Baltimore, and an autograph album containing the 
names of the business men of Westminster and others 
to the number of about one hundred and fifty, and 
an account of the " Walking Match." The stone 
was made by A. J. Beaver, marble-cutter, of West- 
minster, and is seven by twelve inches. It has in- 
scribed on it, a.d. 1879. The officers for 1S81 were: 

President. I>r. William II. Rippard ; First Vice-President, Ctaas. 
V. Mantz; ?ccoml Vice-President, E. J. Lawyer; Secre- 
tary and Treasurer, Denton S. Gehr; Assistant Secretary 
nnd Treasurer, Frank W. Shriver; Chief Foreman, Frank 
K. Herr; Assistant Chief Foreman, J. C. Mobley ; Foreman 
of Truck, Win. H. Shaeffor; Assistant Foreman of Truck, 
A. M. Warner; Foreman of Engine, J. Frank Brinker- 
uoff; Assistant Foreman of Engine, Edward L. Smith ; 
Marshal, Join, II. Mitten ; Librarian, W. I.. Seabrook; 
Janitor, Cluyles Hill. 

At a very early date in the history of Carrol! 
County a decided interest was manifested in (he or- 
ganization and development of branches of the noted 
secret societies for the encouragement of brotherhood 
and beuevolence among the people, and especially was 
this noticeable among the Masons, and doubtless much 
of the vigorous growth of sound principles and reci- 
procity of feelings and sentiments which characterize 
the people of that county in a marked degree are due 
to the benign influences of these orders. 

Door to Virtue Lodge, No. 40, of Ancient Free 
and Accepted Masons, was chartered Nov. 1, 1811, 
to hold its meetings at Pipe Creek, where it had held 
its first meeting on Sunday, June 23, 1811, under a 
dispensation from the Most Worshipful the Grand 
Master of Maryland. Its last meeting at Pipe Creek 
was held Sept. 25, 1813, when it was removed to 
Uniontown, where, Nov. 7, 1813, the first meeting at. 
that place was held. The question of the removal of 
the lodge from Uniontown to Westminster had occu- 
pied the attention of the brethren for several months, 
and it was finally resolved, on the 11th of July, 
1824, "that Door to Virtue Lodge, No. 46, be re- 
moved, so that the lodge may be opened and held at 
Westminster on the fourth Sunday in this mouth (the 
25th in.^t.), at ten o'clock a.m., and there; 1 Iter for- 
ever." A committee, previously appointed (June 20th) 
for that purpose, had entered into an agreement with 
Jacob Ponder, whereby the use of suitable rooms in 



his house was obtained for the meetings of the lodge 
;1 t the rent of thirty dollars per annum. The first 
^niuiuuication of the lodge at Westminster was ac- , 
oordingly held on the 25th of July, 1824, and the 
record shows it to have been a very busy oue indeed. ; 
J.'irst the honorary degree of Past Master was con- j 
ferred upon Jacob Pouder and John C. Cockey, the 
latter of whom was then duly installed senior warden, ! 
after which John Gilbert and Joseph Arthur were j 
raised to the degree of Master Mason. Petitions 
for initiation also were received from George War- ' 
ner and Henry Geatty. The officers from Decern- j 
ber, 1824, to December, 1S25, were John C. Cockey, | 
\V. M. ; Benjamin Yiugling, S. W. ; Jacob Pouder, 
J. W.; W. II. McCannon, Fee.; and M. Barnitz, i 
Treas. On the 19th June. 1825, a resolution was 
adopted, changing the time of meeting to the third j 
Saturday of each month "at early candlelight." 
The officers for December, 1825, to June, 1820, 
were J. C. Cockey, W. M. ; B. Yingling, S. W. ; j 
Joshua Sundergill, J. W. ; A. Mcllheuny, Sec; 
and Jacob Pouder, Treas. For the term ending De- 
cember, 1826, no election appears to have been held, 
but on the 19th of November the following officers j 
were selected to serve from St. John the Evangelist's J 
day until June, 182V, viz. : J. C. Cockey, W. M. ; j 
Dr. William Zolliekoffer, S. W. ; J. Sundergill, J. W. ; j 
A. McIIhenny, Sec; and J. Ponder, Treas. Mr. 
Cockey died, however, before the new term began, 
and his funeral, Dec 12, 1826, was long remembered, 
impi only for the unusually imposing Masonic solem- 
nities with which it was all' tided, but also for the : 
expressions of respectful sorrow which it elicited from 
the entire community. At the election held June IV, 
1827, the officers chosen were Dr. William Zollic 
koffer, VV. M. ; J. Sundergill, S. W. ; John S. Mur- j 
ray. J. W. ; Dr. James Fisher, Sec. ; and Joseph j 
Arthur, Treas. The lodge, however, seems at this 
time to have lost much of its original vigor, and to 
have succumbed to adverse influences, many of which 
are to-day merely conjectural. 

Prominent among them was doubtless the anti- 
Masonic excitement growing out of the alleged abduc- 
lion of William Morgan, of Batavia, N. Y., in the an 
'mini of 182(i, fur his alleged exposure of the secrets 
°f the craft, and the organization in the following year 
ol a political party avowedly hostile to Freemasonry. 
At all events, at the meeting held Oct. 21, 182V, it was 
resolved, " that Brothers Pouder and Murray settle 
*nd dose the account of rent for the lodge," and the 
rw»rd of that date closes as follows: "No further 

I ashless appearing to claim the attention of this lodge, 

II was, in accordance with a previous resolution, in 

harmony and love, closed forever. Signed, James 
Fisher, Sec." 

Door to Virtue Lodge, it will be remembered, 
started with nine original or charter members, and 
held its first meeting on the 23d of Juue, 1811. In 
the course of the sixteen years and four months from 
that date till the surrender of its charter on the 21st 
of October, 182V, the number initiated was ninety- 
ibur, passed eighty, raised seventy-two, affiliated ten, 
while the honorary degree of Past Master was con- 
ferred upon forty-three members. 

For more than thirty-eight years Door to Virtue's 
surrendered charter reposed in the archives of the 
Grand Lodge, and it seemed as if the old entry in 
the record was true, and that the lodge was in reality 
closed forever. But it was not so. As the result of 
a petition presented to the Grand Lodge at the No- 
vember communication, 1865, and signed by twenty- 
five Master Masons, among whom were a due num- 
ber of the old members of the lodge, the original 
charter was restored by Grand Master John Coates, 
Jan. 29, 1866, to lion. John E.Smith as W. M., 
Rev. James W. Reese, S. W., and William II. H. 
Geatty as J. W., on behalf of the petitioners. The 
first meeting under the restored charter was held in 
Odd-Fellows' Mall, in the city of Westminster, on 
Tuesday evening, Feb. G, 1866, when the officers 
just named, as well as A. D. Schaeffer and William A. 
McKellip, who had been elected respectively secre- 
tary and treasurer, were duly installed by Daniel 
A.' Piper, P. M., Concordia, No. 13, Grand Tyler, 
proxy for the iM. W. Grand Master; Bro. E. T. 
Shultz, W. M., Concordia, No. lo,and Grand Inspec- 
tor for Baltimore City, as Senior Grand Warden; 
Bro. William D. Jones, P. M., Warren, No. 51, as 
Junior Grand Warden; John Van Tromp, W. M., 
Mystic Circle, No. 109, and Grand Inspector for Bal- 
timore City, as Senior Grand Deacon ; and David 
Martin, of Concordia, No. 13, as Junior Grand Bea- 
con. On this occasion five petitions for initiation 
were received, and the first degree was conferred on 
William Hainmett, Jr. Thus happily resuscitated, 
Door to Virtue Lodge became at once the centre of a 
vigorous and healthy Masonic activity, and applica- 
tions from the best citizens were so numerous that 
for several years weekly communications were neces- 
sary in order to keep abreast of the " work" which 
came crowding in on the busy craft. On the 7th of 
April the lodge accompanied to the grave the re- 
mains of their veteran brothel, Henry Geatty, who 
was "entered" Aug. 8, 1824, "passed" September 
26th, and raised Jan. 9, 1825, and who died April 5, 
1800, aged seventy-three years. 



The officers from June to December, 1SG0, were 
Rev. James W. Reese, W. M. ; William H. 11. 
Geatty, S. W. ; William A. MeKellip, J. W. ; A. 
D. Schacffer, Sec.; and William A. Cunningham, 

On the afternoon of September 6th the Master, 
assisted by bis wardens, and surrounded by seventy- 
five of the brethren, laid the corner-stone of " West- 
ern Maryland College." 

On Tuesday, November 20th, the lodge formed part 
of the immense procession which celebrated the lay- 
ing of the corner-stone of the new Masonic Tem- 
ple in the city of Baltimore. From December, 1866, 
to June, 18G7. the officers were James W. Reese, 
W. ML; Win. A. MeKellip, S. W. ; A. D. Schaeffer, 
J. W. ; E. K. Gernand, Sec. ; and W. A. Cunning- 
ham, Treas. The festival of St. John the Evange- 
list, Dec. 27, 1SGG, was appropriately observed by a 
banquet, a reunion of all the Masons of the county, 
and an oration by the Worshipful Master. On the 6th 
of June, 1SG7, the " Committee of Southern Relief 
reported that they bad collected and forwarded to the 
Masonic authorities of Georgia the sum of one hundred 
dollars, " to relieve the distress of our suffering breth- 
ren in that State." The officers from June to Decem- 
ber, 1S67, were J. W. Reese, W. M.; A. D. Schaeffer, 
S.W.; J. E. Pierson, Jr., J. W. ; Joseph A. MeKellip, 
Sec. ; and W. A. Cunningham, Treas. The lodge, Au- 
gust 22d, participated in a most enjoyable picnic, given 
by Freedom Lodge, No. 112, during which, at the 
request of the latter, the Master of Door to Virtue 
delivered an oration on the " characteristics of Free- 
masonry." From December, 1867, to June, 186S, 
tiie officers were J. W. Reese, W. M. ; J. E. Pier- 
son, Jr., S. W. ; Michael W. Sullivan, J. W. ; Henry 
B. Grammer, Sec. ; and W. A. Cunningham, Treas. 
On Wednesday, Feb. 2G, 18GS, the remains of Jacob 
D. Hoppe, an esteemed brother, ex-sheriff of the 
county, were consigned to the earth with Masonic 
ceremonies. On the occasion of the marriage of 
Worshipful Master Reese to Miss Mary Paulino 
Perry, of Westminster, on the. 12th of February, 
the members of the lodge had prepared a beautiful 
present for him, consisting of an ice-pitcher, a pair 
of goblets, and a waiter, all of silver and suitably in- 
scribed. On the evening of the 27th, says the record, 
" the Tyler was sent to summon the Master, who was 
unavoidably absent. The Worshipful Master, on his 

cordial thanks." On the 0th of May a special com- 
munication was held at Union Bridge for the purpose 
of laying the corner-stone of the Methodist Episcopal 
church at that place. The officers from June to De- 
cember, 1868, were J. W. Reese, W. M. ; C. N. Kuhn, 
S. W. ; David II. Zepp, J. W. ; H. B. Grammer, Sec. ; 
and Michael Baughman, Treas. From December, 
1S6S, to June, 1869, J. W. Reese, W. M., J. W. ; S. A. 
Leister, See. ; and W. A. Cuniiiugham, Treas. The 
festival of the nativity of St. John the Baptist, June 
2-1, 1870, was observed in the afternoon by a proces- 
sion and the solemn consecration of the burial let be- 
i longing to the lodge in the Westminster Cemetery, 
and, at night, by the public installation of officers and 
an eloquent address by P. M. John E. Smith on the 
principles and tenets of Freemasonry. From June 
to December, 1871, the officers were J. W. Reese, 
W. M.; Wm. Coon, S. W. ; S. A. Leister, J. W. ; 
Wm. Moore, Sec. ; and W. A. Cunningham, Treas., 
who were publicly installed June 22d, in the presence 
of a large assembly, including many ladies. The music, 
which was of a high order, was furnished by a volun- 
teer choir and by the " Amphions," and the address, 
owing to the absence of Grand Master John 11. B. 
Latrobe, who had been invited and expected to per- 

form that duty, was delivered by 


entrance into the lod'.rc, was received with the 

honors, and was at once presented by P. M. John E. 
Smith, in the name of the lodge, with the gift above- 
named. The Worshipful Master, as well as his sur- 
prise would permit, responded with much feeling and 

i Master of the lodge. 

At a special meeting held October 14th the sum 
of eighty-five dollars was contributed by the members 
present for the relief of sufferers by the great fire at 

! The officers from December, 1871, to June, 1872, 
were J. W. Reese, W. M. ; S. A. Leister, S. W. ; 

! A. D. Schaeffer, J. W. ; Wm. Moore, Sec. ; and W. 
A. Cunningham, Treas.; C. N. Kuhn, S. W. ; 
George Leas, J. W. ; Wm. A. MeKellip, Sec; and 
M. Baughman, Treas. The festival of St. John the 
Evangelist, December 27th, falling on Sunday in 

| 1808, the lodge observed the day by proceeding in a 

j body to Ascension (Protestant Episcopal) church, of 

I which the W. M. was a rector, where they partici- 
pated in divine service and listened to a sermon on 
the life and character of " that beloved Disciple." 
On the 18th of February, 18G9, by a unanimous 

] vote, the lodge gave its recommendation to a petition 
of a number of Baltimore County brethren to the 
Grand Master for a dispensation to open the lodge 
at Reisterstown, now so well and favorably known as 

' Ionic, No. 145. June 8th was devoted by the lodge 
to the laying of the corner-stone of the Centenary 

i (M. E.) church in Westminster. From June to 

j December, 1869, the officers were J. W. Reese, W. 

1 M. ; George Leas, S. W. ; William Coon, J. W. ; 



Francis R. Sariford, Sec. ; and W. A. Cunningham, 
Treas. On September 27th the funeral of Michael W. 
Sullivan, a faithful and zealous brother, took place. 

The officers from December, 1SG9, to June, 1870, 
.rere J. W. Reese, W. M.; George Leas, S. W. ; 
William Coon, J. \V. ; S. A. Leister, Sec. ; and W. A. 
Cunningham, Treas. From June, 1870, to June, 
1871, J. W. Reese, W. M. ; William Moore, S. W. ; 
William Coon. 

On Sunday, April 14, 1872, Dr. Lewis Kelley was 
buried with the honors usually paid by the fraternity 
lo the memory of a deceased brother. 

The officers from June to December, 1S72, were 
J. W. Reese, W. M. ; S. A. Leister, S. W. ; L. F. 
Beyers, J. W. ; William Moore. Sec. ; W. A. Cun- 
ningham, Treas. 

On the yd of October the lodge received and ac- 
cepted an invitation from Friendship Lodge, No. 84, 
Hagcrstowu, to participate in (he laying of the corner- 
stone of the uew court-house in that city. 

From December, 1872, to June, 1873, the officers 
were J. W. Reese, W. M. ; S. A. Lister, S. W. ; 
F. D. Sanford, J. W. ; William Moure, Sec; and 
W. A. Cunningham, Treas. 

At a special communication, June 18th, on the eve 
of the departure of the Master for Europe, the mem- 
bers of the lodge presented to him, through Brother 
John B. Smith, an envelope containing one hundred 
dollars, ''as a tribute of love and respect." An 
elegant repast then followed, attended by toasts and 
speeches, and many expressions of good wishes for a 
happy termination to the European tour on which the 
Worthy Master and Brother William A. McKellip 
«ere to sail on the 21st. 

The officers from June to December, 1S73, were 
J. W. Reese, W. M. ; W. A. Cunningham, S. W. ; 
George R. Gehr, J. W. ; William Moore, Sec. ; and 
■James Rippard, Treas. From December, 1873, to 
December, 1874, J. W. Reese, W. M. ; George R. 
Uehr, S. W. ; Win. 0. Liggett, J. W. ; William Moore, 
Sec.; and James Rippard, Treas. On St. John's (the 
jkptist) day, June 24, 1874, the officers-elect were 
'•mailed by Jacob H. Medairy, R. W. G. S. of the 
brand Lodge of Maryland, after which a banquet was 
" fved in the Town-Hall, all the lodges of the county 
king present as guests. On September 2d the Mas- 
ter, assisted by the wardens and brethren, laid the 
corner- stone of the Baptist church in Westminster. 

From December, 1874, to December, 1876, the 
fficers were J. W. Reese, W. M.; G. R. Gehr, 
S V- ; R. J. Lawyer, J. W. ; William Moore, Sec. ; 
<"'•' James Rippard, Treas. On Jan. 4, 1876, the 
•■-'• consigned to the tomb with Masonic honors 

the body of Brother Michael Baughman, ex-treasurer, 
and on the 26th of the following month a special 
communication was held at New Windsor for the pur- 
pose of performing the same sad service for Brother 
Washington W. Naill. 

At the meeting of Dec. 21, 1876. J. W. Reese, 
after expressing his high appreciation of the honor 
so repeatedly conferred upon him, respectfully but 
positively declined to be a candidate for re-election to 
the office of Worshipful Master. From that date to 
December. 1*77, the officers were George 1!. Gehr, 
W. M. ; E. J. Lawyer, S. W. ; Dr. W. II. Rippard, 
J. W. ; William Moore, Sec. ; and James Rippard, 
Treas. At a special communication, Jan. 11, 1S77, 
Past Master Rev. James W. Beese was presented 
by his successor, Worshipful Master George R. Gehr, 
on behalf of the members of the lodge, with a beau- 
tiful Past Master's jewel as a slight token of their ap- 
preciation of his continuous and valuable services as 
Master from June 21, lSbT., to Dec. 21, 1S7G. 

On Nov. 2u\ 1877, Brother James Lippard, the 
treasurer of the lodge, was buried with the customary 
Masonic solemnities, The officers from December, 
1877, to June, 187S, were George B. Gehr, W. M. ; 
E. J. Lawyer. S. W. ; W. 11. Rippard, J. W. ;. Wil- 
liam Moore. Sec. ; and J. W. Beese, Treas. From 
June to December, 1S7S, George R. Gehr, W. M. ; 
W. II. Rippard, S. W. ; 1. A. Miller, J. W. ; Wil- 
liam Moore, See.; and J. W. Beese, Treas. 

Aug. 23, 1 878, a venerable brother, Joseph Hesson, 
was buried by the lodge. From December, 187S, to 
June, 1880, the officers were Dr. William II. Bip- 
pard, W. M. ; I. Amos Miller, S. W. ; II. E. Zicgler, 
J. W. ; William Moore, See. ; and J. W. Reese, Treas. 

On April 17, 1879, Worshipful Master Dr. William 
II. Rippard officiated at the laying of the corner- 
stone of the new engine-house belonging to the West- 
minster Fire Department ; and on December 26th 
following he read the solemn Masonic burial service 
for the burial of the dead at the grave of Brother 
Jeremiah Robertson. 

Door to Virtue Lodge held its first meeting under 
the restored charter Feb. 6, I860, with twenty-four 
members on its roll. From that date to June 1, 
1880, fourteen were admitted to membership by affil- 
iation, eighty-two candidates were initiated, seventy- 
two "passed" to the degree of Fellow Craft, and 
seventy-one " raised" to the degree of Master Mason; 
the number of deaths were eighteen, and of appli- 
cants rejected, eighteen. The lodge now (July, 
1881) has on its register: Master Masons, sixty. 
From June to December, 1880, its officers were Dr. 
W. II. Rippard, W. M. ; J. A. Miller, S. W. ; George 



Lease, J. W. ; William Moore, Sec. ; E. J. Lawyer, 
S. D. ; C. V. Want/, J. D. From January to July, 
1881, the officers were Dr. SV. H. Rippard, W. M. ; 

J. A. Miller, S. W. ; George Lease, J. W. ; William 
Moore, Sec. ; J. W. Reese, Trens. ; E. J. Lawyer, 
S. D. ; 0. V. Wantz, J. D. From July to January, 
1832, the officers were J. Amos Miller, W. M. ; 
George Lease, S. W. ; E J. Lawyer, J. W. ; William 
Moore, Sec. ; J. W. Reese, Treas. Of those members 
of the lodge when its charter was surrendered in 1827, 
Dr. James Fisher was the last survivor, aud he died 
at Springfield, Mo., in the spring of 1881. 

George Washington Lodge, No. 9-1, A. F. and 
A. M., was instituted some thirty years ago, but is 
not now in working order. From 1SGG to 1S81, 
Dr. Winfield K. Fringer was Worshipful Master, and 
J. \V. Perkins was the last secretary. 

The Independent Order of Odd- Fellows, a much 
younger association, has in many instances made up 
in zeal and works for the lack of antiquity. The 
attention of the order was directed to Carroll County 
soon after its formation, and some of its most active 
and flourishing blanches are to be found there. 

Salem Lodge, No. 60, I. 0. 0. F., was instituted 
in May, 1848, by a charter bearing date of May 12th 
of that year, and signed by E. P. Ilolden, M. W. 
Grand Master; N. T. Durbin, R. W. Deputy Master; 
G. D. Tewsbury, R. W. G. Sec; Win. Bayley, 
■ R. W. G. Treas.; and W. Fitzsimmons, Grand 
Warden. The charter members were C. W. Web- 
ster, Richard Manning, C. A. Smell zer, Charles A. 
Poole, John W. Durbin, J. Q. Baugher, Joshua 
Yiugling, D. Mitten. Its first officers were: N. G., 
J. L. Baugher ; V. G., Joshua Yingling ; Sec, J. W. 
Durbin ; Treas., Richard Manning. In the first term 
of 1849, C. W. Webster was N. G. ; William Wolf, 
V. G.; and George E. W ampler, Sec. The officers 
for the second term of 1849 were: N. G., William 
Wolf; V. G., John Matthias; Sec, George E. 
Wampler; Treas., Richard ■ Manning ; Per. Sec, 
Joseph Shadier. Its fine hall was dedicated on the 
second Thursday of November, 1S58, the interesting 
ceremonies being performed by Hon. Joshua Van- 
saut, Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Maryland. 
Williuiu H. Young, Esq., Deputy Grand Master, 
delivered the address on the occasion. 

The officers for the second term of 1881 were: 

N. «., Samuel Hughes; V. G., W. L. Drown; Reo. Sec. II. 
h. Xurri.= (for 14 years) ; Per. Sec, E. K. Gomand ; Treas., 
• P. -A. Sharer; Marshal, John Bernstine; It. S. to S. G., 
F. C.Sharer; L. S.toN. G., JoIid J.Reese; Warden. John 
Bernstine; Conductor, W. II. Rippard; R. S. to V. 6., S. 
P. Everhart ; I,. S. to V. G., S. IS. Fowler ; It. S. S., W. J. 

Beaver; L. S. S-, A. F. Fowler; 0. G ., E. L. Zatm ; I. 
Geo. A. Zahn. 

ibers, 1 

of real estate 

Number of 

The charter of Columbia Encampment, No. 11 
was granted Dec G, 1850, and signed by James P 
Merritt, Grand Patriarch. The charter members 
were D. Evans Reese. J. L. Baugher, James Brews- 
ter, William Sbreev, Joshua Yingling, John Matthias 
Joseph Shaeft'er, Levi Shreev. 

The officers for 1S81 were : 

C. P., Georgo P. Albaugh ; II. P.. II. L. Norris ; S. W., Leu is A 
Koontz ; J. W., Charles II. Henncman ; Sec, Joshua Ting- 
ling: Treas., H. IS. Grammer; Trustees, II. L. Norr.-. 
John Bernstein, G. P. Albaugli. 

The Independent. Order of Red Men appears to 
have been a favorite association with the inhabitants 
of Carroll, as some of its lodges were instituted in 
I (he county at an early period, and have steadih 
1 grown in strength and influence. 
J Conowaga Tribe, No. 71, I. O. R. M., was insti- 
! tuted in Westminster, Jan. 11, 1881, with twenty- 
! four members. 

The officers are : 

• P., Milton Schaeffer ; S„ Charles H. Biiughman; S. S., B. b' 
Crouse ; J . S., James Humphrey s ; C. of R., F. W. Bhrivei 
Ass't to C George Batson; K. of W., J. Frank Brinkcr 
hoff; Sannaps, F. S. Wi ight, John Keeno; Warriors, .la 
Thomson. John A. Little, John Warner, Henry Hnruian 
}!raves. 0. D. Gilbert, Milton Scnpt, John Mitten, Johi 
Cassell; G. of W., J. B. Barnes; 0. of P., James Sheet*; 
Rep. to Grand Council, .Milton Schaeffer. 

The tribe meets every Tuesday night in I. 0. 0. 1 ■ 

: Hall. 

Thedispensation for organizing Charity Lodge, No. 
58, Knights of Pythias, was granted June 14, 1870. b\ 
Samuel Read, Supreme Chancellor, and J. M. Barti •- 
Supreme Secretary and Corresponding Scribe. Tli> 

i charter members were John W. Yingling, J. Weslc; 

! Perkins, William Moore, Jacob Leister, J. M. Weill ' 
John T. Oursler, Chides J. Yingling, Edward 1 
Baeliman, Francis K. Herr, Michael Baughman, 1' 
regular charter was dated Nov. 11, 1871, and sign '■ 
byM. A. Steiner, V. G. P.; XI. Schmidt, G. B. 
G. N. Dickinson, G. C. ; John P. Hudson, G. G 
J. F.Lewis, V. G. O ; Robert Sullapsey, G. I. > 

! 0. ILYaughan, G. 0. S ; Thomas S. Upperci, G. K. .- : 
The lodge officers for 1881 were: 

C. C, John II. Keene; V. C, Milton Schaeffer; Prcl., 1! ' 
MiurUews; K. of R., Clinton S. Spurrier; M. of ]■.. J« : 
G Shank; M. of E., Edwin J. Lawyer; M. at A.. •'' 
MBffiBn; Trustees, E. J. Lawyer. Join, II. Hilton, Join I 
■Shale. J. Wesley Pool. John M. Black; Representative - 
Gtuu'I Lodge. J. 11. Mitten. Number of members, ( > '• 



officers of the lodge of Independent Order of 
lies were in 1SS1 : 


V . M.. Milton Shaeffcr : J. M., James Humphreys ; F. S., George 
BatsoD; R. S.. C. H. Baughman ; Chaplain, Benj. Frank- j 
lio: Treas.. Joseph Hunter; Conductor, Win. J. Sheets; 
0. B., Fletcher A. Baile; I. S., Jesse Mitten; R. C. to 
W. M., F. A. Knight: L. G. to W. M., Harry Harnian ; 
K. 8. to J. M„ Philip Hunter: L. 6. to J. M., Curtis A. 
Brown; Representative to Grand Lodge. Abraham Long. I 
J. Henry Hoppe was burn near Bowers' cliurch, 
d i.T called Bachmau's, in Bachman's Valle}', Feb. 17, j 
JSOI. His father was Ferdinand Frederick Hoppe, j 
..i.l was born in Stuttgart, Germany. His mother j 
was Catharine Snouffer, of Frederick County. Mr. ! 
!i ippe received a common-school education, after 
which he taught school for five years, studying sur- , 
veyitig in the meanwhile, in which he became very 
proficient. On attaining his majority he united with j 
liit! Democratic party, and always remained a stanch . 
follower of " Old Hickory." 

In 1825 he was appointed a magistrate, and, with 
i ■■ exception of a few years, he held the position 
until twelve months before his death. He became so 
thoroughly versed in testamentary law that he was , 
frequently appointed to settle the estates of deceased 
I :-ons, several of which were very large. In 1S42 
hi- was elected sheriff of this county, at which time 
there were fifteen candidates in the field. He re- 
ceived one bundled and forty-six votes more than ! 
l.-wis Tru'mbo, Whig, who was the next highest. 
'I lie incidents of that campaign he was fond of re- j 

Mr. Hoppe was a charter member of the Western 
Maryland Railroad, was elected secretary and treas- 
urer, and waj also a director in the road. He was 
: r o number of years director of the Union National 
J ' < iik. of Westminster, and was also a charter member 
■ George Washington Lodge, A. F. A. M., of that 
itj. He was elected county surveyor for four con- ,' 
• i l'.ive terms. Mr. Hoppe always resided in Carroll j 
' »unty, though the place of his birth was then in \ 
li'i'iuiore County. Iu 1829 he was united in mar- 
: '"e to Rachel Myerly, daughter of Jacob Myerly 
«>d Eve Bishop. They had only one child, Jose- 
I ' : - J - H., who died Dec. 27, 1S77. Squire Hoppe , 
' - a member of the Lutheran Church for over sixty 
' '"^ No man in Carroll County was more generally 
" ■■••-• favorably known. He died Jan. ~>, 1 881, after 
active and busy career of nearly eighty years. 
' 'arrcll Division, No. t2, of the Sons of Temperance, 
instituted Feb. 12, 13-17, and has been iu con- 
:-u ~ and successful operation to the present time 
' 1' 'iter was signed by the State grand officers, Wil- ; 
' u ' 5rToung, Grand Worthy Patriarch, aud W. II. I 

Gohright, Grand Scribe. Its charter members were 
Isaac Shriver, Thomas W. Durbin, Rev. Theodore 
Gallandet, Joshua Suudergill, Horatio Price, John 
Malchoro, Francis Shriver, William Zepp, Alfred 
Troxel, John Miller, James Keefer, Emanuel L. 
Kuus, Henry II. Wampler. It first met at Isaac 
Shriver's residence, and afterwards held its meetings 
over the Sentinel office, and later over Joshua Ying- 
ling's East End store. Since 18r>2 the society has 
met in its own elegant hall, completed in that year. 
Its officers for 18S1 were: 

R. S., H. L. Norris 
rs) ; A. R. S., C. II. 

P., F. K. Hcrr; W. A.. George 
(held this office for twenty-si 
Baughman; F. S., Dr. Charles Billingslea; Treas., Jesse 
F. Sbreev; C, J.W. Pool; A. C, Thomas Bankcit; I. S., 
George Arbangh : 0. S., George 


Its motto is " Love, Purity, and Fidelity," which 
are the respective names of its three degrees, subse- 
quently founded on this motto, adopted iti 1817. It 
is a beneficiary association, and pays sixty dollars to 
the family of each deceased member. It also pays 
sick benefits of three and a half or four dollars per 
week. Its membership is forty-live. The corner- 
stone of the hall was laid July -1, 1850, and it was 
built by L. Evans and H. 11. Wampler, at a cost, of 
two thousand dollars. 

The Taylor Manufacturing Company, of West- 
minster. — The property of a city is aptly illustrated 
by the number of its public buildings and its man- 
ufacturing establishments. " The Union Agricul- 
tural Works" of Westminster were opened in tin- 
summer of 1852, and were carried on under the 
management of William II. Harman & Co. The 
buildings, which had been from time to time enlarged 
and improved, consisted of a large two-story machine- 
shop, moulding-shop, blacksmith's shop, saw-mill, aud 
sheds. They occupied nearly an acre and a half of 
ground. Their new mould-shop, which was finished 
in 1868, was one hundred feet long by fifty wide, and 
gave employment to fourteen hands. The machine 
shop employed five iron and ten wood workers, and 
the blacksmith's shop and saw-mill four ; a total force 
of thirty-three. These works (urn out every season 
about three hundred plows, three hundred spring- 
tooth rakes, and sixty horse-powers, besides numerous 
other agricultural machines in less numbers. In 187 2, 
in its plaee, was formed " The Taylor Manufacturing 
Company of Westminster," by J. A. Taylor, who was 
then president of the company. It was an incorpor- 
ated company, composed of J. A. Taylor, G. A. Tay- 
lor, Edward Lynch, David Fowble, and O. B. Baile. 
It was a repair foundry, aud manufactured agricul- 
tural implements. 



In January, 1879, it was reorganized under the 
name of " The Taylor Manufacturing Company of 
Westminster, Md." It is still a stock company, dis- 
tributed among a few stockholders, with a capital stock 
paid in of twenty-five thousand dollars. Its members 

J. A. Taylor, president: G. A.Taylor, secretary and treasurer; 
K. K. Beck, superintendent: Directors, Michael Shaw, 
York, Pa.; Thomas F. Sncnhard, Union Bridge; and W. 
N. Wise, Baltimore. 

It is largely engaged in the manufacture of engines 
and other machinery, and employs one hundred and i 
fifty hands. 

The people of Westminster have from the creation 
of the county manifested an enterprising disposition 
and a desire to keep abreast of the great practical dis- | 
coveries of the century. The question of railroad 
transportation engaged the attention of the inhabi- 
tants at au early date, and the extraordinary advan- ; 
tages to accrue to the county by rail and steam com- | 
munication were thoroughly appreciated. 

The citizens of Carroll County convened at the 
court-house, April 7, 1847, to take into consideration 
the propriety of extending the Westminster Branch 
Railroad through Carroll County. Mr. Evan Mc- | 
Kinstry was called to the chair, assisted by Mr. Isaac I 
Slingluff, and John Switzer and William Reese as 
secretaries. Col. James M. Shellman stated the ob- 
ject of the meeting, and introduced G. Gordon Belt, 
Esq., of Baltimore, who addressed the meeting in 
favor of the contemplated road. Cols. Shellman and 
James C. Atlec offered resolutions which were adopted, 
that a committee of ten be appointed to correspond 
with the president and directors of the Baltimore and 
Susquehanna Railroad, and urge upon them the neces- 
sity of early action under the act of 1845, so that 
the speedy building of the proposed road would follow. 
The committee selected were James C. Atlec, Wil- 
liam C. Roberts, Samuel McKinstry, John Clemson, 
Isaac Slingluff, William N. Hayden, David W. Naille, 
Augustus Shriver, John K. Longwell, John B. Boyle, 
and John McCollum. 

A town-meeting was held at Westminster on the 
10th of November, 1S50, for the purpose of devising 
ways and means for connecting the Baltimore and 
Susquehanna Railroad with some point in the interior 
of Carroll County. The meeting was addressed at 
some length by II. M. Magraw, Esq., president of 
that road, upon the advantages that might be expected 
to be derived from the road. He was followed by 
Mr. Taggart aud Dr. Cole. A series of resolutions 
were adopted, one of which appointed an executive 
committee of nine persons, whose duty it was to collect 

information in regard to the best probable route ; 
cost of construction of said road, together with i 
amount of revenue likely to accrue therefrom, v.], 
information was to be submitted to an adjourn 
meeting to be held in Westminster on Deecnib, i .' ■ 
| There were two projects entertained, — one to comiiu 
j the road from Owings' Mills, and extend it into tl 
county, instead of stopping at Westminster, ami u. 
other was to branch oft at Cockeysvillc by waj 
Reisterstown to Westminster. 

On December 2d a large and enthusiastic niectii . 

was held to further consider the project of buildii 

the proposed railroad. Mr. Magraw was again pre: ■ 

and furnished abundant facts to prove the important 

of the'road, which he estimated would not cost in. r 

than two hundred and ten thousand dollars, pledgin 

himself as one of two hundred to furnish the meai 

i to build it. Four routes were proposed, — one frm 

I Cockeysvillc to Ely's Mill, one from Rove's Switi 

i to Black Rock, one from Cockeysvillc to Hamp»tc:i 

\ and another from Owings' Mills, Reisterstown, et< 

Committees to examine and report as to right of w 

of each of these routes were appointed. A committi 

I was also appointed to secure a survey of the i 

| routes. 

A convention was held for the same purpose i 
Westminster, Feb. 20, 1851, and was composed • 
citizens front Frederick, Carroll, Washington, an 
Baltimore Counties. The meeting was largely a 
tended, but the surveys of the various routes n 
being complete but little was done. Resolutions w : 
adopted to appoint committees and take up subscri] 
tious to make the road from some point on the Su 
i quehanna Railroad through Westminster to Hager 
town, which route was to be in the meanwhile su 

veyed. The subscriptions and surveys completed, 
they were to be forwarded to the executive committei 
who would then call a general meeting and consid r 
the same. 

The engineers of the Baltimore and Susquehanna 
Railroad Company deputed to survey the route of ll 
contemplated railroad arrived at Westminster Feb. 22. 
1851 . Their course was ria Owings' Mills, Reistcrs 
town, Ely's Mills, and up to the falls of Westminster. 

A large meeting of those interested in the a n- 
struction of the Baltimore, Carroll aud Prederii-n 
Railroad was held in the court-house in Westminsn i 
on Sept. 1, 1S52. Delegates were in attendance from 
the whole line of the proposed road, as also from 
Washington and Frederick Counties, through which 
it was calculated to extend the road to Hagerstowu. 
where it would connect with tbe Franklin Road lead 
ing to Chambersburg. The meeting was organized 

, , . _ .■ 


.}# ^14 

-■■■ '■->'■ "■•■I 





bj tlic appointment of Col. Jacob Matthias, of Car- 
r ,,]l, as president, Col. \Y. Fell JoliDson,of Baltimore, 
rice-president, with Mr. Rradenbaugh, of Washington 
County, and Joseph M. Parker, as secretary. A 
resolution was offered by Jervis Spencer, looking to 
additional legislation in regard to the charter of the 
company. Among those in attendance at the meet- 
ing, and who participated in the discussion of the 
propositions submitted, were Jervis Spencer, Alex- 
inder Neill, aud others, of Washington ; Wm. P. 
Maulsby, A. G. Ege, V,'. Hayden, J. K. Longwell, 
u:id Jos. Raymond, of Carroll County. The citizens 
cf Westminster seem to have been greatly elated on 
hearing that the mayor of Baltimore City had signed 
ilie ordinance passed by the City Council indorsing 
five hundred thousand dollars' worth of eight per cent. 
Western Maryland Railway bonds. On July 28th 
the event was celebrated by the tiring of cannon, and 
;it night a large meeting was held and speeches were 
made by John E. Smith, C. W. Webster, and Joseph 
M. Parker, attended with music by tiie Westminster 
Band. Another meeting of general rejoicing was held 
;.t New Windsor on July 31st. 

Carroll County Lyceum was incorporated by an act 
of the Legislature, March 30, 1839. The incorpora- 
tors were Jacob Matbias, John McCollum, A. H. 
Busby, John F. Reese, John K. Longwell, Dr. George 
Shriver, John Baumgartner, H. Crout, James M. 
Shcllman, Nicholas Kelly, Dr. Wm. Willis, A. F. 
Shriver, Isaac Van Bibber, Thos. E. Van Bibber, N. 
II. Thayer, Thomas Hook, C. W. Webster, James 
Raymond, Jacob Grove, Horatio Price, James Keefer, 
Samuel Orendorff, Jacob Reese, S. D. Lecoinpte, 
George Webster, John S. Baurgelt. 

Maj. A. G. Euge, formerly of this cuunty, died at 
bis residence in Kansas in December, 187G. He 
represented Carroll in the House of Delegates in 
!-•'>!, and in (ho Constitutional Convention of 1851. 
during his residence here in Carroll County he was 
frequently and prominently spoken of as a Whig can- 
didate for Governor of the State. He was a brother- 
in-law of Col. John K. Longwell, and emigrated to 
Kansas about twenty years prior to his death. 

•'.lines Raymond, who was a well-known member 

''"' Carroll County bar, and who was admitted to 

'"-"•lice at the first term of the court in April, 1S37, 

■ ' >t hi s home in Westminster in January, 1858, in 

•" i> -second year of Lis age. lie was a native of 

' ' ""ecticut, a graduate of Yale College, and for 

"'■"'y-one years a citizen of Westminster. Several 

! " prior to his decease be represented Carroll 

" v m tlie Legislature, and was the author of a work 

■wii a .s "Raymond's Digest of Chancery Cases." ' 

In the past half-century no man has been more 
closely identified with the financial, political, and ma- 
terial history of Carroll County than Col. John K. 
Longwell. He was born in the historic town of Get- 
tysburg, Pa., in October, 1810, and was the son of 
Matthew and Jane (Klinehoff) Longwell. His 
father, a reputable merchant in that town, was of 
Scotch-Irish descent, whose ancestors at a very early 
period emigrated from the north of Ireland anil set- 
tled in Pennsylvania. His mother was of Hollandish 
extraction, aud from a race noted for their thrift and 
rare domestic qualities. Col. Longwell was educated 
in the academy of his native town, and learned the 
printing business in the office of the Adams Sentinel, 
now the Star and Set find, of Gettysburg. In 1832 
he removed to Tancytown, of this county, and estab- 
lished The Recorder, which paper was the successor 
of Tin Regulator and Taneylovm Herald, a journal 
published for a year or two. He printed this paper 
about a year, and in the spring of 1833 came to 
Westminster and established The Carrolltoman. 
This journal was chiefly devoted to the interests ot 
the formation of a new county with the county-seat 
at Westminster. Its first issue appeared June 25, 
1833, and even the opponents of the measure acknowl- 
edged the zeal, ability, aud fidelity with which it was 
conducted, until in four years afterwards the' efforts 
of its editor and friends were crowned with success. 
He edited, published, and was connected with this 
paper for about eighteen years, and it was finally 
merged into the American Sentinel. He was married 
in 1840 to the youngest daughter of Maj. John Mc- 
Caleb, of Tancytown, who came when only nine years 
of age with his father, Joseph McCaleb, from tin north 
of Ireland. The McCalebs were early settlers around 
Tancytown and large landed proprietors. By this 
union Col. Longwell has one surviving daughter. 
Originally a Whig in politics, he has acted with the 
Democratic party for over twenty years, lie was 
elected a State senator in 1850, and served four years 
in the Senate. In 1867 he was elected one of the. 
delegates to the Constitutional Convention, and as- 
sisted in the framing of the present organic law of 
Maryland. In 1871 he was again chosen State sena- 
tor for a term of four years. In 187!* he was pre- 
vailed upon to accept a nomination for the office of 
county commissioner, — the most important office in 
the State to the farmers, business men, and tax -pavers, 
— and was triumphantly elected and made president 
of the board. He was the author of the charter of 
the Western Maryland Railroad, and secured its pass- 
age by the Legislature, and when this railroad was put 

uder contract 

tie of its board of direct 



and is now a member of the board. He became a 
director in the Westminster Rank (now Union Na- 
tional), and has been its president for twenty-five 
years. Since 1858 he has been president of the Bal- 
timore and Reisterstown turnpike, a road built in 
1805, and for many years the great national thorough- 
fare from Baltimore to Pittsburgh for travel and freight. 
At the centennial celebration of July 4, 1870, in 
Westminster, he prepared and read a history of the 
county, with which no person in its limits is more 
familiar. lie is a member of the Piney Creek Pres- 
byterian Church, organized in 1763. His Rome, 
"Emerald Hill." at Westminster, is one of the must 
elegant private residences in the county. Col. Long- | 
■well contributed more than any single individual to ; 
the organization of Carroll County, and since its erec- 
tion has been constantly associated with its progress, 
and the many public and fiduciary positions conferred j 
upon him show the esteem in which he. is held by j 
the community. 

The Carroll Rifle Association, for recreation and | 
improvement in marksmanship, was organized June 
28, 1879, by the election of the following officers: 
President,, Dr. W. 11. Rippard ; Secretary and Treas- 
urer, J. S. Weavers; Captain of Team, John T. \ 
Beard; Committee on Grounds, J. A. Miller, Joseph 
Pulis, and C. W. Knight. The following is a list of 
members: Col. McKellip, William B. Thomas, Dr. : 
Swarmstedt, Frank Shriver, Ed. \V. Shriver, Ed. II. 
Shriver, Denton Gehr, Henry Troutfelter, Michael '■ 
Shuey, James Humphreys, Milton Wagoner, E. J. 
Lawyer, Samuel Roop, Willis It, Zumbrum, John C. 
Weaver, A. H. Wentz, B. F. Crouse, William Myerly, 
Jesse Smith, J. E. Crouse, J. Shunk, P. Callaghan, 
J. Winfield Snoder, J. J. Baumgartner, Peter Woods, 
John T. Anders. 

At. the celebration of Easter Monday in 1879 the 
most prominent event of the day was the eight-hour 
go-as-you-please pedestrian contest on the grounds of 
the Carroll County Agricultural Society, which was 
nearly an all-day affair. Large representations from 
every section of the county were present. 

The contest was for a purse of $50 : 825 to the 
first, SI 5 to the second, and 810 to the third. Half 
of the gate-money was also to be added in the same 
proportion. The entrance fee was two dollars, and 
the following entered, drawing positions in the order 
named: William Copenhover, John Groff, ti. H. 
Waller, William 11. Bell, Benjamin Gist, It. Palmer. 
Jacob Reinaman, Samuel Groff, Henry Hinder, S. H. 
Rlakesly, — all residents of this city and vicinity, ex- 
cept Copenhover, who was from Silver Run, and 
Blakeslv. from Mexico. 

Below we give the distance 
each of the eight hours : 

lade by each contesUni 7J 6] G 55 C 4i 5 !; 

Cf.pcnhover D G if, b off 231 

Walter- 5 4i 4t off 15" 

Hell G fit fi ;U S! H 5 5 i. 

Gist fi 7 A fi J 5 6 4J 4 4 i 

Palmer :>'■ 5} 5 5L U 4J 5 4 :;;.: 

Samuel Sroff. fit 6 4 31 off 20 

Himler fi 5J fi 5A 6 5} off ... 35 

Blakesly n ti 4t 4 off I'll 

Reinaman 5J fi 5 5 4J off 2c" 

Joho Groff, the winner, was a native of Westmiu. 
ster, arid for nine years previous was engaged in a 
brickyard. He was seventeen years of age, five feet 
feiur inches high, of slender build, and weighed one 
hundred and ten pounds. 

W. H. Bell was also a native of the city of West- 
minster, twenty-one years old, and weighed about one 
hundred and thirty pounds. He was a blacksmith bj 

Benjamin Gist was a son of Samuel Gist, residing 
near this city, nineteen years old, and accustomed to 

The Fourth of July, 1870, the centenary of Amer- 
ican independence, was universally ami enthusiastically 
celebrated in the United States, and Westminster was 
no exception in this respect. There were doubtless 
more, imposing demonstrations at, other point- 1 lit 
few that were more sensible and useful, or that cxhib- 
ited a prolounder appreciation of the. benefits derive! 
from a hundred years of self-government, or a more 
grateful sense of the value of the inheritance be- 
queathed to their successors by the founders of the 
republic. At an early hour the streets were, throngi J 
by an immense concourse of people, who were speedily 
formed into line by the chief marshal of the day, 
Hon. Win. F. Maulsby, and his aides. 

The order of the procession was as follows : 
Chief Marshal and Aide?. 
Hanover Dunn Cups. 

Capt. A. D. Kohler, George Crumbine, li. IC. Metier. Kervii, 
Smith, I ■ risl. Reliant, Jacob Honge, John A. Cremer, M. II. 
Nad!, R. b it Stahl, Zachary Taylor Bongo, Franklin Kahic. 

Surviving soldiers of the war of lsl- ; among them wen C '1 
Joshua C. Gist, -Michael liyers, Sterling Gait, and Ji-M 
Vbler. These were followed by the survivor- of the first officer? 
of the county, invited guests, therevcrend clergy, the histoiiai 
of the day, the leaders of the Declaration, Washington's 
Farewell Address, and of the poem,— -all in carriages. 

Thirteen youngladics, in appropriate costumes, on borsch ■'■■ 
each bearing a banneret, representing one of the original '-' 

.jacket and flowing pantal -. with red cap of Nubian pattern. 

each lady with an attendant guard of h The names ol I 

young ladies on horseback were llattie Gist, Maryland! !■■ ■ 
Eringer, Pennsylvania j Alice Miller, New Jersey ; AlretaZ' | | 
North Carolina; Mary Spcllman, Georgia; Katie Miller. Ma.- 
saehusetts: Viraiuia Reese, Virginia; Ella Beaehman, Del*- 



,,. c ; Mollic Wheeler, South Carolina; Jennie AVilson. New I 
Hampshire; Ella Shrievc, Connecticut; Jennie Golden, Rhode 
. ,,„!; Cordelia Miller. New York. The place of honor was 
..,,!, to Miss Hattie Gist, the young lady who represented j 
Maryland, who is n great-granddaughter of Col. Mordeeai Gist, 
> the old Maryland Line. 

Mount Pleasant Band. 
Platoon of four Mounted Guards. 
Thirty- seven young ladies, representing the differentStates of j 
i -., Union, all dressed in white, with crimson caps, with the 
,.,Mic of the State in gilt letters on the sash in a corner, appro- j 
■ -.atelv festooned w ith llags and banners, and decorated w ith a 
•' of Washington in front. The ear was drawn by six 
black horses: each horse was led by u colored groom in Nubian 
co-tume. The car was driven by Mr. John Tracy. The names 
I the young ladies were Hattie Bollinger, Louisa Zahn, Fan- 
:.:■ Bloom, Flora Buell, Sallie Gernand, Jennie Malehoru, 
i ma Fowble, Carrie MeEIray, Eslello Marsh, Ida Fringer, 
M„llie Shawer, Ella Miller. Katie Bauiugurtncr, Nannie Mil- 
iar. Fannie Ebaugh. Mntlio Ebaugb, Maggie Horner. Jennie 
i.i-t. Mary C. Wheeler. Lizzie Buckingham. Estellc White, 
I. aura .Smith, Ada Zepp, Ida Koontz, Ida Tracy. Amanda Poole, 
Kcna Wagoner. Mattie Hull, Nicy Hull, Grace Bowers, Hannah 

I ■ wrers, Annie Earnest, Jennie Fowler. .Mollic Hoppe. Emma 
lleagy, Anna Haines, Emma Wright. 

There was a Guard of Honor, composed of one hundred young 
nieu in rich and appropriate costumes, mounted upon fine horses, 
and commanded by F. I. Wheeler. Some of these flanked the 
representatives of the States, and the remainder rode in solid 
• ilumn in the rear of the ear. Each guard had an eight-loot 
fpcar, with streamer on Ihe point. 

National Grays' Band. 

Representatives of Chili and Cuba, Arturu Leke and P. M. 
Lamothe, mounted and bearing their national ensigns. The 
r'r't named was dressed in a rich Chilian uniform, prepared cx- 
| rcssly for the occasion. 

Friazelsburg Band. 

Salem Lodge, No. 60, 1. 0. 0. F.. of Westminster. Sons of 

I I inperance Encampment. Charity Lodge, No. 58, Knight- uf 

l'ythins,orWestminster,iufull unift ,— a very handsome dis- 

I'lay. United Order of American .Mechanics. Trades, Granges. 
and Industries. 

Fairview Brass Band 'Colored). 

Sentinel Job Printing Press, on a wagon, driven by steam. 

Handsome Portable Engine from the Taylor Manufacturing 

I'niiipany, Westminster. Reaping Machines in motion, from 

of Mr 

jah Wag.. 
rs and ei 


r. Then followed 
■cs and on horse- 

Tile- procession moved from the West End through 
-Main Struct ti, the Carroll County Agricultural So- 
ciety's Fair Grounds, where a vast assemblage had 
"■■'"' idy gathered. The number present was variously 
estimated from three to five thousand. The multitude 
*<ie called to order by Col. William A. MeKellip, 
chairman of the committee on exercises, win. an- 
>";uuced the following officers: President, Col. Wil- 
: ■•■■ !'• Maulsby; Honorary Presidents, Hon. William 
■V Hayden, Nimrod Gardner. J. II. Hoppe, [Ion. C. 
' ; Koberts, Col. Joshua C. Get Col. John Lamott, 
Hon. John E, Smith, and Stirling Gall; Vice-Prcsi- 
■ : "is, John Thoiop.-,on, Rogers Birnic, A.K. Shriver, 

Daniel Stull, David Prugh, n n. J. Shower, David 
Englar, Talbot Hammond, Henry Bussard, J. U. 
Winemillcr, Thomas Smith, Granville S. Haines; 
Secretaries, William II. Vanderford and William II. 
Rippard; The order of exercises at the stand was as 
follows : 

Singing of the "Star-Spangled Banner" by the chniis of 
Westminster, led by Mr. Buell; Miss Fanny Buell, organist. 

Player by Rev. J. T. Ward, president of Western Maryland 

Music by the Mount Pleasant Band. 

Beading of the Declaration of Independence, by Dr. F. T. 

Music by Fairview Band. 

Beading of Washington's " Farewell Address," by Dr. Charles 

Singing. " Hail Columbia," Choir. 

History of the County, prepared and read by Col. John K. 

Music by the Natioml Grays' Band. 

Ode, by Emma Alice Browne (Mis. ('apt. J. L. Beaver), read 
by A. II. Huber, Esq. 

Singing, ••America," by choir. 

Pi aver, by Lev. William C. Cremer. 

Doxology, by choir and audience: and benediction, by Rev. 
Dr. Ward. 

The procession reformed and marched into the city, 
and was dismissed by the marshal. 

At the intersection of Main and Centre Streets, 
Messrs. John Faber and J. W. Perkins erected an 
arch over Main Street, which was decorated with the 
national colors, Chinese 1. interns, and a number of 
small flags. The bells of the churches rang a t terry 
peal in the morning, and again in the evening. The 
i: Centennial Bell,'' erected by Messrs. Schenthall and 
Frank King, was rung almost incessantly through the 
night of the 3d, and also on the -Ith. 

Salutes were fired at morning, noon, and night by a 
detachment of artillery from Fort McHenry, under 
the charge of a sergeant and seven men. As the 
evening salute was being fired a thunder-storm pre- 
vailed, and the booming of artillery upon terra Snna 

3d b V 

electric ba 

es of the skies 

with peal on peal, which seemed to mock the impo- 
tence of man. At night there was a grand illumina- 
tion throughout the city, which closed the observances 
of Centennial Day. 

Judge William .Nicholas Hayden, one of the presi- 
dents on thi.- memorable occasion, is a lineal descend- 
ant of the Hayden family that came over with Lord 
Baltimore and settled in St. .Mary's County. The 
Family faithfully represented the Irish Catholic gen- 
try, and took an active part in the first settlement of. 
the province. On March 17, IVCS, John Ileydec 
removed from Si. Man'.- County to within a mile of 
Westminster, where he purchased a tract of land of 



one hundred itnd sixty-four acres, called " Friendship 
Completed," from Isaac Dehaven for one hundred 
pounds. The laud was all in woods, but Mr. Hayden 
cleared it up, together with other tracts he subse- 



quently bought. He had eight daughters and one 
son. The latter, William, married Catherine Ensey. 
He died in 1802, and his wife in 1838. They had 
three daughters and seven sons, most of whom emi- 
grated West and South and settled in the new coun- 
tries. Of the sons. Basil married Apparilla Buck- 
ingham, daughter of Obadiah Buckingham, of a well- 
known Baltimore County family, by whom he had 
seven daughters and one son. He removed from his 
father's farm to Westminster in 1SU7, about the year 
of his marriage. He had learned the trade of hat- 
making with Mr. Kulin, and carried on this business 
many years. He was a public-spirited citizen, and 
held several positions of honor and trust, from con- 
stable up to the judgeship of the Orphans' Court, 
having occupied the latter from 1848 to 1851. lie 
died in 1803, and his wife two years later, both aged 
seventy-nine years. 

Judge William N. Hayden was horn Sept. 23, 
1S1T, in Westminster, in the house his father had 
purchased ten years previously, on his removal to this 
city, and in part of which his father had his hat 
manufactory. His early education was obtained in 
the subscription schools of the city. In 1835 his 

j father removed to Frederick County and engaged m 
farming for several years. While there William X 
attended for a few months the school near Johnsville, 
after which he went to the Rcisterstown (Baltimore 
I County) Academy, then under the charge of hia 
i brother-in-law, Prof. N. H. Thayer, at present (1881) 
! librarian of Baltimore City College. H-ere he pur- 
sued for a while his academic studies, and imbibed a 
great passion for historical literature, the reading of 
which induced him to turn his attention to the Lav. 
As a preparatory measure to the study of the legal 
profession, and to obtain means for the prosecution of 
his studies, he taught school. His first school was 
near Mclvinstry's Mills for three successive winters 
of six months each. He then attended Prof. Lau- 
ver's academy for four months at Uniontown, after 
which he taught school another winter. 

In 18-12 he came to Westminster and began read- 
ing law with Hon. James Raymond, then an eminent 
practitioner at the Carroll County bar. He was ad- 
mitted to practice as an attorney-at-law Sept. 2, 1844, 
and on Bee. S, 1S46, was appointed by r Hon. George 
K. Richardson, attorney-general of Maryland, dep- 
uty attorney-general for the county, to conduct the 
criminal prosecutions. He held this position for two 
years, until his increasing practice forced him to re- 
sign, to give his sole attention to other parts of bis 
profession more congenial to his tastes. He then 
formed a law partnership with John J. Baumgarduer, 
which continued until 1865, when the latter became 
connected with the old Westminster Bank (Union 

In the spring of 1SG7, Judge Hayden was elected 
one of the members from Carroll County to (be Con- 
stitutional Convention, in which he served on the 
judiciary and legislative committees, the most import- 
ant in that body. In the fall of the same year he 
was elected for the term of fifteen years as an asso- 
ciate judge of the Circuit Court for the Fifth Judicial 
District, composed of Carroll, Howard, and Anne 
Arundel Counties. His term on the bench will ex- 
pire Jan. 1, 1S83. 

He was married, May 31, 1S50, to Eugenia Eliza- 
beth Scott, daughter of Hon. Upton Scott. Her 
grandfather, John Scott, came from the north of lie 
land at an early day and married a daughter of Nor- 
mand Bruce, one of the first settlers near Bruceville, 
and sheriff of Frederick County before the Revolu- 
tion Dpton Scott was born in 1810, in Annapolis, 
lie represented Carroll County in the House of Del- 
egates in 1810, and died in 18S1 in Baltimore. 

Judge Hayden has one sou and two daughters. 
On his father's side be is of Irish extraction, and on 


bis mother's of English, while his wife is of Scotch- 
Irish descent. The Hayden homestead, where his 
peat-grandfather, John Hay Jen, settled in 17G8, re- 
mained in the family until 1S3S, when it was sold 
and subsequently divided. 

Judge Hayden is a member of the Catholic Church, 
villi which his ancestors were connected from time im- 
memorial. Originally a Whig in politics, on the disso- 
lution of that party in 1853 he attached himself to 
the Democratic organization, with which lie has ever 
-aae affiliated. When engaged in a large and lucra- 
tive practice at the bar, he was noted for the ability 
and fidelity with which he conducted his causes, in 
which he won distinction and enjoyed the esteem of 
the court and community. On the bench he has 
made an able and upright judge, enjoying the respect 
of the bar and court officers and the. confidence of the 
people, he being fearless in the discharge of his duties, 
but genial and affable iu social life. 

Jacob Marker, another prominent citizen of West- 
minster District, died Dec. 8,1879, in the ninety-fourth 
year of his age. His father was a Hessian, and came 
over to this country during the Revolutionary w ar. 
is believed to have been one of the fifteen hundred 
stationed at Trenton, N. J., under the British 
Rawle, when Washington crossed the Delaware amid 
fixating ice to attack them, on the night of Dec. 25, 
1776, nine hundred of whom were captured by him 
next day. Some of these Hessians, at the close of the 
war, returned to Europe with the British army, while 
Others remained and settled in this country. The 
father of Mr. Marker was of the latter number. He 
settled at Littlestown, Pa., and married a Miss Reigcl, 
of Myers District. Jacob Marker was born in Union- 
town District, and was married when he was twenty- 
fight years of age. He was confirmed in the Lu- 
theran Church when about, fourteen years of age, and 
'iwd a consistent member of it foi nearly eighty 
years. When a boy he helped to haul the stone to 
build the foundation of Krcider's church. His house 
"as always open to ministers, and he was well known 
S kindly disposition and charitable deeds. 




Tlie Republican Citizen, now published in Fred- 
erick City by the Baughman Brothers, was established 
'" Westminster in March, 1821, under the auspices 
of the late Judge Abraham Shriver. A few years 
►ubsequently it was removed to Frederick. George 
^ ■ Sharp was its first editor. 

The American Trumpet, devoted to the promulga- 
' ; " of sentiments and news in the iuterest of the 
<' : '» called "Know-Nothing," or American, party, 
■m established Nov. 16, 1854, by Hon. John K. 
S »'i'b. After the May election in Virginia iu 1S55 

it was sold to the Democrats. When sold its outside 
had been put to press, and the paper appeared with 
the outside zealous, as before, in its advocacy and sup- 
I port of the Know-Nothings, while the inside was a 
j vigorous and uncompromising champion of the Demo- 

The Carrolllonian, a paper established and edited 
I by Col. John K. Lougwell, made its first appearance 
June 28, 1833. It was mainly devoted to the elec- 
tion and organization of the new county, which fol- 
lowed in four years, and was largely due to ils potent 
; voice, and influence. Before this paper was started 
| three others had been published here by George 
! Keating, a Mr. Burke, and George W. Sharp The 
j Car, -oil! onion was published^ up to Jan. 1, 1850, its 
■ last editor and publisher being George D. Miller. It 
: was then merged into the American Sentinel, with 
William II. Grammer as editor, publisher, and pro- 
! prietor. He conducted it several years and sold it to 
! F. II. Kerr. The latter afterwards sold it to George 
II. .Miller, who in turn sold it to William H. Grammer. 
' After the hitter's death, Jan. 11, 18G2, it was edited 
by Harry J. Shcllman, and published by Thomas J. 
Lockwood, for Mr. Grammer's estate. It was then, 
from Sept. 10, 1868, to 1871, owned, edited, and 
published by W. L. W. Seabrook k Co., who sold out 
| the office to E. J. Rippard A Co., the present pub- 
i Ushers and proprietors, under whom Dr. William H. 
Rippard is editor. Both the editorial and business 
management of this paper have been characterized by 
: great ability and energy. It has a very large circula- 
| tion, and enjoys a lucrative advertising business. 

It is the organ of the Republican party of the 
county, and has great influence in the counsels of that 
j party in the State, of which it is a fearless exponent. 
William L. W. Seabrook., who edited this paper 
| from 1868 to 1S74, during the two important Presi- 
dential campaigns of 16G8 and 1S72, was born near 
Fairfield, Adams Co., Pa., Oct. 9, 1833. The death 
I of bis father when he was four years of ago left his 
I mother in rather straitened circumstances with three 
j children, of whom the eldest was nine years of age. 
Six years afterwards she returned with her children 
to her native place, in Frederick County, Md., at 
which time Mr. Seabrook was ten years of age. 
\ During the succeeding ten years he resided with a 
maternal uncle, and was employed alternately in tilling 
the soil and selling miscellaneous merchandise in his 
uncle's store, varied by attendance at the village 1 pri- 
mal) school during the winter months, where he 
obtained a fair education iu the English branches, 
American history, geography, and the rudiments of 
I mathematics. At the age of seventeen he entered 



the office of the Adams Sentinel, at Gettysburg, Pa., 
where he continued about eighteen months and lie- 
came a practical printer. On account of failing i 
health he then abandoned the case for a period of six ; 
months, but al the age of nineteen resumed the occu- 
pation and became assistant foreman of the Frederick 
Herald, a newspaper published in Frederick City. 
At the age of twenty-one years he became one of 
the proprietors and leading editor of the paper re- 
ferred to, a connection which continued about three ' 

During this time, and subsequently, he has taken 
an active part in political movements, and has fre- 
quently discussed political issues on the public ros- 
trum. In 1S57, at the age of twenty-four, he was 
elected commissioner of the Land Office of the State 
of Maryland for the term of six years, having been a i 
candidate on the American State ticket with Thomas 
Holliday Hicks, who was elected Governor at the 
same election. At the expiration of his term of 
office he was re-elected without opposition, having 
received the unanimous nomination of both radical 
and Conservative Union State conventions of that 
year, 1863. The adoption of the State constitution 
of 1867 cut short the tenure and vacated all the 
offices in the State except that of Governor. At the 
election of that year Mr. Seabrook was the Repub- 
lican candidate for clerk of the Court of Appeals, 
but, with the other candidates on the ticket for State 
offices, was defeated. lie was a delegate to the 
National Republican convention of 1861, at which j 
Mr. Lincoln was renominated for the Presidency, and 
was a member of the committee which conveyed the 
action of the convention to the nominees. He was 
also elected a delegate to the National Convention of 
this party which renominated President Grant in 
1872, but was unable to attend its sessions. Upon 
retiring from the Laud Office in 1S6S he became con- 
nected with the American Sentinel newspaper at 
Westminster, Md., as one of its proprietors, and as 
sole editor and manager, and so continued until Jan. 
1, 1S74. . 

In 187M he was appointed superintendent of public 
stores in the Baltimore custom-house, and filled that 
position until Dec. 1, 1S76, when he became chief 
United States weigher at that port. He has been 
prominently connected with the order of Ancient 
Free and Accepted Masons, having been Senior 
Grand Warden from 1S61 to 1862, and Deputy 
Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of the State of 
Maryland from 1862 to 1864. He was married I 
Sept. -1. 1855, in Frederick, Md., to Miss Harriet 
P. Thomas, a native of that city. He has been a 

member of the Evangelical Lutheran Church sine- 
1851, and later has been actively identified with the 
work of the Young Men's Christian Association. 

The Democrat and Carroll County Republican 
was published by Joseph M. Parke, Jan. 1, 1844, at 
the rate of two dollars per annum. The first page 
was devoted to political and miscellaneous matter, and 
the fourth page had twelve insolvent debtors' notices, 
while Fiance's patent medicines occupied nearly the 
remainder of the page. Michael Sullivan, Benjamin 
Yingling, Lewis Trumbo, Jesse Manning, and Samuel 
Mofl'et. announced themselves as candidates for the 
sheriffalty. The inside pages were filled with edito- 
rial, foreign news, and advertisements. The paper 
contained the following information : 

The semi-annual meetiug of the Carroll County 
Temperance Convention was held on the 26th of De- 
cember. Lev. Daniel Zollickhofl'er was president, and 
Jacob H. Christ, secretary; Rev. Hezekiah Crout 
opened the convention with prayer. Reports were 
read from the societies of Uniontown, Warfieldsburg, 
Westminster, Franklin, Bethesda, and Salem. Reso- 
lutions were offered by C. Birnie, Jr., asking that a 
committee of three be appointed to wait upon the 
commissioners of tax and solicit their aid in forward- 
ing the temperance cause. Messrs. Birnie, Willard, 
and McCollum were appointed. Capt. MeCollum 
offered a resolution asking that petitions be sent to 
the Legislature asking that each election district be 
allowed to say, by ballot, whether or not it would 
have a license issued to taverns or grog-shops. At 
the afternoon session the resolution was adopted 
Rev. W. Harden offered a resolution inquiring into 
the absence of the Freedom societies and why they 
were not present. He was appointed to inquire into 
the causes. On motion of Lev. E. Henkle, the fol- 
lowing persons were appointed to address the several 
societies, viz.: Revs. W. Harden, T. Gallaudet, P. 
Willard, J. P. Carter, E. Henkle, and Jacob Holme., 
and J. McCollum, Isaac Cox, J. II. Christ, C. Birnie, 
Jr., J. J. Baumgardner, 0. Cox, J. Lindsay, A. Gor- 
such, C. W. Webster, E. T. Curry, E. F. Crout, Jere 
Malehorn, S. Murray, W. II. Grammer, F. H. Zol- 
lickhoffer, W. Zolliekhoffer, I. N. Storr, and W. 
Holmes. The convention adjourned to meet at West- 
minister on Whit-Monday, May 12th. The members 
of the Westminster choir attended and "gave con- 
clusive demonstration of their proficiency in sacred 

Mrs. Susanna Morelock, wife of Jacob Morelock, 
died on the 19th ultimo, in Uniontown District; Eliz- 
abeth, wile of Jacob Beam, died in Baltimore on the 
25th ultimo. 


/.,•.,„/ Utter, Remaining in the Po,t-offiee at Watmintter, 
If,/., ./,,«. I, ISd4.— Thomas Ashton, John Abbot, Jotm Buck; 
-.•i.aui, George Cox, J. 6. Capito, J. B. Chcnowitb, Daniel 
piinaen, James Davis, Maria Frieling, John G. Friek, Huncr 
On in, John Gross, Samuel Harding, Ilicliard Harris, Franeis 
Kii-er, Licrousc. Mi. Michael Ludwig, John Mile, Adams. 
David Pugh, Mrs. Ilachel Poulson, Mr. Stanisfer, Michael 
«baffer, Noah Stansbury, Miss Mar)' Stevenson, Diana Smith, 
William Stonebraker, Elmira Sherfy, Samuel Shade. John or 
Jacob Seel, Peter Wood*, Mr. Winpiper, Ximrod Woolery, 
Peter Zcutz, Henry Zimmerman, Christiana Zimmerman — 
Joshua Yiiigiingi Postmaster. 

Basil Rook was clerk to the county commissioners. 

Dr. William A. Mathias gave notice that he had 
located himself in Westminster, opposite the store of 
Samuel Orendorff. 

Charles Rix advertised stoves and tinware. 

Samuel Bennett, trustee of the late William Beam, 
advertised two farms for sale, situated near Marriotts- 

Elijah Wagner advertised cabinet-making and ma- 

Henry Saltzgiver advertised a price-list of hats, 
which he said were the lest and cheapest in the State. 

Joshua Smith, trustee, advertised a lot of ground 
and a brick brewery, occupied by Solomon Zepp, situ- 
ated on the alley running from Court Street to Stone 

Basil Boot offered at private sale a farm on the 
Washington road, adjoining lauds of Jacob Groves 
and others; also two unimproved lots situated at the 
Forks, in Westminster, fronting on the Littlestown 

Joseph Stout advertised lime at nine cents pei 
bushel. His kilu was on the Joseph Orendorff farm, 
now occupied by S. Meyerly, one and one-fourth mile 
from Westminster. 

Jesse Manning offered for sile or rent his tavern- 
stand, situated on the turnpike six miles below West- 
minster; also forty acres of land. 

The Carroll County Democrat of Oct. 2, 1851, 
contained the valedictory of Josiah 'J'. II. Bringmau, 
who retired from the editorship, and also the saluta- 
tory of Augustus C. Appier, who assumed control of 
>he paper. 

At that time a warm political contest was going on, 
'he Democratic ticket being: 

of the Court of Appeals. 

Hlicc, James Murray; for Lottery Commissioner, The 
wart. Democratic Comity Tickeli For [louse of J 
I'! nicl Stall, John 1.. II. Liggett, Elijah 1'. Crout; 
• of Orphans' Court. Michael Sullivan, George W. Mo 
Huffingloji; for Clerk of Circuit Court, John B. Bo 

for Register of Wills, Joseph M. Parke; for State's Attorney, 
Daniel L. Hoover; for County Surveyor, J. Henry Hoppe; for 
Commissioners of Tax, James Crouse, Thomas Smith, George 
L. Little, Jacob Wiokert, Julius B. Berrett, George Crouse, 
Jacob Grove, George Richards, Jr., Bennett Spurrier. 

On the Thursday night previous a largo meeting of 
voters of Hampstead was held at Searff's tavern, and 

I was addressed by Dr. Liggett and Maj. Ege. Mr. 

! Crouse was absent, owing io iil health. In behalf of 

I the Whigs, Drs. Booth and Cox spoke. 

I On Saturday there was a large meeting at Union 

| Bridge, which was addressed principally by Daniel L. 
Hoover and Charles W. Webster, candidates for pros- 
ecuting attorney ; also by Messrs. Hook, Crout, Booth, 
Liggett, Cox, and Ege. The Union Bridge Brass 
Band, under Prof. Burke, enlivened the occasion. 

On the 1st of October an election for Congressmen 
and school commissioner was held. The returns from 
only Westminster and Myers Districts were given: 
For Congress, Edward Hammond received GO major- 
ity in Westminster District over Dr. A. A. Lynch. 
Tn Myers District he received 131 over the doctor. 
For school commissioner, John B. Summers received 
IJT majority over William ISaughman in Westminster 

^ District, and in Myers District, J. William Earhart 

j received 85 majority over Deter B. Mikesell. 

The marriage of James W. Lantz arid Eleanor 
Hyde, of Unionlowii District, by Rev. J. Winter, 

| was announced. 

A political meeting was advertised to "be held in 
Middleburg, October 11th, at which time all the 

j candidates tor the various offices were requested to 

' attend. 

Robinson ct Eldred's circus was advertised to ex- 
hibit on October 6th. 

Kettlewell & Cox advertised the Clover Hill faun, 
in Finksburg District, at public sale, October 25th. 
William ]'. Maulsby and W. C. Van Bibber ad- 

, vertised the farm of George L. Van Bibber, part of 
the Avondale estate, two and one-half miles from 

j Westminster, for sale on the 10th of November. 

A statement of the expenditures of the county lor 

' the fiscal year ending July 6, 1851, is given, viz.: 

! Outdoor pensioners, $3202. CO ; public loads. Sol 1 1 - 
2."> ; bridges and repairs to bridges, $553.10; judges 

| and clerks ol election for September and October 
1850, and June. 1851, §320; county commissioners, 
SG25.50 ; colonization fund. §439.52 ; tax collector 
§340; printing, §101.75; public buildings, $1000; 
clerk to commissioners, §2(10; preparing book for 
collector of State taxes, §50; counsel to commission- 
ers, 850; judges of the Orphans' Court, §379.50- 



egistei of 


Stationery and postage, S18.50; wood for jail and 
commissioners' room, 850.50 ; grand and petit jurors 
for September, 1851, and April, 1852, S867.62; 
bailiffs and talesmen for same terms, $103.50; prose- 
cuting attorney, 8140.60 ; crier of the court, S59.95 ; 
clerk of the court, 83115.50 ; sheriff, for fees and board, 
8431 ; State witnesses, S300 ; costs in removed cases, 
856 ; constables, SG5.55 ; miscellaneous, 8255.34. 
Total amount of expenditures, 813,555.27. The as- 
sessment was 80,777,636, on which there was a levy 
of 20 cents on the 81 Oil. 

Candidates were plentiful, as will be seen by the 
announcements : 

For Judge of tlie Circuit Court, Madison Nelson, William M. 
Merrick, Richard II. Marshall, and Joseph M. Palmer; House 
of Delegates, Richard II. Booth, E. G. Cox, Abraham Laraott, 
and Thomas Hook; John McColluin as a candidate for clerk of 
the court; Register of Wills, John Bauragartner and John M. 
Tingling; State's Attorney, Charles W. Webster; Judges of 
the Orphans' Court, Jacob Mathias, Horatio Price, David B. 
Earhart, and Basil Haydcn; County Commissioners, William 
Reese and James Smith; County Surveyor, J. Henry Hoppe 
and Janus Kecly ; Sheriff, Win. S. Brown, Samuel J. Jordan, 
and Otho Shipley. 

The issue of Oct. 16, 1851, is lively and exciting. 
The editorials are full of personal allusions, and the 
communications spicy. It also contains a long article 
from Col. William P. Maulsby. Political meetings 
are called for Uniontown District, at Cruinrine's 
Hotel, four miles above Manchester, Finksburg, 
Frankliuvil'e, and at Little's Tavern, Freedom Dis- 

The issue dated Nov. 6, 1S51, was put in circula- 
tion on the itb, two days before the election. Some 
of the articles are more forcible than polite. 

The marriages of William Cornell and Elizabeth 
Kregelo, Emanuel Sell and Elizabeth Dotzour, George 
Gerhart and Lydia Black, William 11. Angel and 
Geronda C. E. Everhart, and Samuel Messinger and 
Miss Frownfeller are published. 

The issue of Jan. 1, 1852, contains very little of 
interest. It announces itself in favor of Stephen A. 
Douglas for President. By the census of 1850, Car- 
roll takes rank as the fifth county in the State for the 
production of wheat. 

The Democratic Advocate, now owned and pub- 
lished by William 11. and Charles II. Vanderford, 
under the firm-name of Vanderford Bros., is the 
regular successor or continuation of The Democrat 
and Carroll County Republican, which was estab- 
lished by William Shipley, in February, 1838. Mr. 
Shipley continued its publication until April, 1840, 
when he sold out to Joseph M. Parke. Josiall T. 
II. Bringman bought a half-interest in it on March 12, 

1S46. The name was then changed to The Carroll 
County Democrat, and in 1848 Mr. Briugman pur- 
chased the remaining half-interest from Mr. Parke. 
Mr. Bringman published the paper until Oct. 2, 1851, 
when Augustus C. Appier became its owner, and he 
sold it to George H. Randall, on May 15, 1855. In 
July, 1S50, Joseph Shaw became its publisher and 
editor. It was merged into a new paper called the 
Western Maryland Democrat, in May, 1801, of 
which W. Scott Roberts was editor. Joseph Shaw 
shortly afterwards again owned and controlled the 
paper. On April 15, 1805, on the reception of the 
1 news of the assassination of President Lincoln, the 
most intense excitement prevailed in Westminster. 
A large mass-meeting of its Republican citizens was 
held at the court-house in the evening, at which reso- 
lutions were adopted to notify Mr. Shaw, of the Demo- 
crat, " that the publication of his paper would no 
longer be permitted," on account (as alleged) of its 
containing articles abusive of the late President and 
Andrew Johnson, the Vice-President. At midnight, 
long after the meeting adjourned, the office of the 
Democrat was visited, and the type, cases, printing 
paper, and in fact all the material, were taken into the 
street and- burned, and the presses, etc., in the build- 
ing broken with axes, crowbars, and other means. 
On Nov. 22, 1805, The Democratic Advocate was 
established by W. II. Davis, who sold it to Joseph 
M. Parke in 1800, and on Nov. 28, 1807, Mr. 
Parke sold it to Mr. Davis again. In March, 1808, 
W. 11. Vanderford. one of its present proprietors, pur- 
chased the establishment, lie assumed control on 
March 12th following, and in connection with his 
father, II. Vanderford, published it until November, 
187S, when he disposed of a half-interest, to his 
brother, Charles II. Vanderford, II. Vanderford then 
retiring almost entirely from editorial duties. 

In November, 1803, at (he beginning of the fourth 
volume, W. H. Vanderford enlarged and otherwise 
improved the paper, and increased its subscription 
price from 81-50 to 82.00 per year. Under the 
management of himself and father the Advocate 
began to prosper rapidly. Its circulation increased, 
its advertising and job patronage expanded, and new 
material was added from time to time as necessity re- 

At the beginning of the eighth volume, in Novem- 
ber, 1872, when Charles II. Vauderford, who re- 
mained with the paper six months, became half 
owner, the paper was enlarged l" its present size, a 
Cottrell <Y Babcock power-press and an entire outfit 
of new typo was put in t lie office, including a large 
amount of job type. 



The Advocate continued to prosper, and its patron- 
R .je necessitated constant additions to its stock of 
material. The need of additional room became ap- 
parent, and its energetic proprietor purchased the lot 
en the corner of Main and Centre Streets, and erected 
the present Advocate building. It was finished in 
October, 1877, and the part occupied by the printing 
establishment is twenty by eighty feet, two stories 
high. The other part, twenty by forty feet, is occu- 
pied by James M. Shellman as a stationery store and 
news depot. 

The building is of a very substantial character, 
well lighted and admirably adapted for the printing 
business. The first floor front is occupied as a busi- 
ness office, and the back room, fifty-six by eighteen 
feet, as a press and job room. In the second story is 
the editorial room, nicely carpeted and furnished and 
containing a library. It is connected with the office 
below by a dumb-waiter and speaking-tube. Back of 
the editorial room is the composing room, the same 
size as the press and job room. Under the latter 
room is a large cistern, from which, by means of a 
pump running up into the printing-office, water is 
obtained for the uses of the establishment. 

The four presses — two new Universals, a Wash- 
ington, and a Cottrell & Babcock — are run by steam, 
and the four rooms of the office are heated by steam. 

The A dvueate office iu its appointments and equip- 
ments, and all the appurtenances necessary to a first- 
class establishment, is uucqualcd in Maryland outside 
of Baltimore, and the labors and enterprise of its 
proprietors have been generously appreciated by the 
people of Westminster and the county. 

Henry Vanderford, editor and journalist, the father 
of the present editors and proprietors of the Advocate, 
was born at Hillsborough, Caroline Co, Md., Dec. 23, 
1811. He is of Welsh descent, and was educated at 
Hillsborough Academy. He acquired a knowledge 
of the printing business in the office of the Easton Star, 
which he continued to publish after the death of Mr. 
•Smith, the proprietor. He was subsequently em- 
ployed on the Easton Whiff. From 1835 to 1837 he 
published the Caroline Advocate, Denton, Md. The 
press and type he transferred in 1S37 to Ccntreville. 
Queen Anne's Co, Md, and founded the Sentinel, 
which', though independent in polities, took a very 
decided part in the reform movement of 183G and 
37. He removed to Baltimore in 1842, and pub- 
lished The Ray, a weekly paper, and also the Daily 
-V- tcs and the Weekly Statesman. In February, 
1848, he bought the Cecil Democrat, enlarged the 
(•'per, quadrupled its circulation, and refitted it with 
new material. In 18GS he founded the Middletown 

Transcript, which was transferred in 1873 to his 
youngest son, Charles H. Vanderford. From 1870 
to 1878 he was associated with his eldest sou, Wil- 
liam H. Vanderford, in the publication of the Demo- 
cralic Advocate of Westminster. In 1 S70 he was elec- 
ted to the House of Delegates from Carroll County, 
and re-elected in 1S75, and in 1879 was elected a 
member of the State Senate, which office he still holds. 
Mr Vanderford married, June "6, 1839, Angeline 
; Vanderford, a distant relative of his father. She is 
! still living, being the mother of twelve children, — 
' eight sons and four daughters. Only three of the 
1 sons are living, the eldest and youngest of whom are 
| journalists, the former being William II. and the lat- 
I ter Charles H.. late publisher of the Old Common- 
wealth, at Harrisonburg, Va. They arc now the pub- 
; Ushers of the Advocate. The second son, Dr. Julian 
J. Vanderford, is a dentist, and at present pursuing 
j the practice of his profession in Stuttgart, Germany. 
J Henry Vanderford and his wife a 
j the Piotestant Episcopal Church 
| of the Masonic order, and was fo 
[ the I. 0. 0. F. 

The following is a list of per 

communicants of 
He is a member 
erly a member of 

living in West- 

minster iu 1879, and within a radius of five miles 
thereof, who had attained to the age of seventy years 
and upwards. The list comprises one hundred and 
twenty-one persons, ranging from seventy to ninety- 
five years of age. There are omitted from the list the 
names of twenty-six persons above seventy years of 
age whose exact ages could not be obtained. The 
oldest, inhabitant died at the almshouse, aged one 
hundred and twelve years. 1 

Jacob Stone, 95; Ruth FrUsell, 95; John Tingling, 01 ; Ja- 
cob Marker, 93; Joanna Biggs, 92 j Henry Stonesifcr, 9(1 ; Mrs. 
John Biggs, 89; James C. Graham, 89 j William Crouse, 87 ; 
Miss Snider, SO; Mrs. D. Baunigartncr, 85; Mary Heaver, 85; 
John Abbott, S4 ; James Williams, 81; Mrs. Jacob Snidei, S-l ; 
John Crouse, St; Mary Burke, S3 ; Mary (i rammer, 83; Betsey 
Adolspcrger, S3; James Hook, 82; Mrs. Wm. B. Crouse, SI; 

' Becky MoCormick, colored, familiarly known as " 0I<1 
Becky," died on Sunday, March 9, 1879. It is impossible to 
give her exact ago, but as far as can be ascertained, she was 
about one hundred and twelve years old. She had been an in- 
mate of the almshouse for twelve or fourteen years prior to her 
death, and was a religious monomaniac. The most of her time 
was spent in singing and praying, intermingled with pleadings 
that her Good Muster would take her borne. She bad been 
anxious to die for some years, saying that she wanted to go 
home to her people, and would sometimes get in paroxysms of 

l)t dio 

would tell be 


ho "Beck" McCormiek who was hanged in 1859, and v. bo 
the first to suffer death upon the scaffold in this county, 

a granddaughter of this old wo n. She was hanged for 

murder of a colored boy belonging to William Orndorff, 

ding about one mile and a half from Westminster. 




house,— I lie one uow occupied by Samuel Roop, who 
has by material improvements and tastefully-contrived 
embellishments made it a bright, cheerful-looking 
abode. Of the large land tract owned by his grand- 
father John, Mr. Roop is now the possessor of two 
hundred and fifty acres of as fine farming land as can 
be found in the county. The barns, outbuildings, 
; and general equipments arc well constructed, and are 
kept with an eye to their appearance. Since 1878, 
Mr. Roop has devoted considerable attention to the 
i breeding of short-horned cattle, with highly encour- 
| aging results. The Westminster and Meadow Branch 
1 pike, which passes his place, was built largely through 
: his efforts. Mr. Roop's farm is one of the best uian- 
j aged and most inviting estates in this section of the 
! county, and he is justly regarded as one of Carroll's 
J most useful and citizens. He is an ener- 
i getic and progressive agriculturist, and takes a keen 
interest in everything pertaining to his occupation. 

Stonersville is three, and a half miles from West- 
minster, thirty-two from Baltimore, and m ai the 
Patapseo Falls. It takes its name from the Stoner 
family. George W. Stoner is postmaster. The store- 
keepers are Noah Stansbury and D. II. Grouse. 
Cranberry is on the Sullivan road, five miles from 
f Dr. J. L. Bil- ' Manchester, and six from Westminster. Samuel 
dest daughter of Snyder is postmaster, and Snyder & Gumnuli, store- 

Avondale is on the Western Maryland Railroad, 
three miles from Westminster, and thirty-lour from 
Baltimore. James W. Beacham is postmaster. 

Tannery is on the Western Maryland Railroad, 
one mile (rem Westminster, and lakes its name from 
the leather manufactory of A. P. Baer & Co., of 
Baltimore, which is here located. James S. Baer is 
postmaster. The Methodist Episcopal Church has a 
neat chapel. 

Warfieldsburg is three miles from Avondale, 
< and four from Westminster, and near .Morgan's Run. 
1 The merchants are J. W.Sellman and J. B. Allison; 
the lattei is postmaster. The resident physician is 
' Dr. J. P. Somers. Of the Church of God located 
; here, Rev. Lewis Selby is pastor. David Baile and 
I Washington Nicodemus are millers. The village takes 
[ its name from the Warfield family, one of the first to 

M. Baumgartner, bfl; Samuel Young, SO: .1 
Joseph Keller. 70 ; Daniel Stultz, 79 s Andrew Rceso, 70; Wlu, 
Stansbury, 70; Julia Gallandcttc, 70; Rev. T. Gallandettc, 7S; 
J. Henry Hoppo, 7S ; Isaac Meters, 78; Mrs. Mary Beaver, 77 ; 
George Barbonr, 77 ; Thomas Monahan, 77 ; Mrs. Andrew Reese, 
77; Samuel Snider, 70; James Blizzard, 70 ; Sarah Kuhns,76; 
Rebecca Roop, 76; Nancy Blizzard, 70; Henry Dell, 76; II. 
H. Harbaugh, 70: Jacob Babylon. 76: David Wentz, 75; Dr. J. 
L. Billingslon, 75; Thomas Williams, 75; Mr. Brown, 75; Eliza- 
beth Sbaofler, 75 ; Mrs. Isaac Meyers, 70 ; Susan Gist, 75 ; John 
Babylon, 74; Sarah Leckins, 74; Henry Sbreeve, 74; Geur ; ;e 
Blizzard, 74; John Smith, -,:>, ; Catharine Stonesifer, 73; Mary 
Williams, 7.!; Mrs. Sarah Fringer, 73 ; Peggy Adelsperger, 73 ; 
David Want/. 7-': David Zepp, 72 j Samuel Unger, 72; Mary 
Roycr, 72; Catharine Meyers, 72; Daniel J. Geiman, 72; Polly 
Shaeffcr, 72; Margaret E. Gerke, 72; Charles Meyers, 72; Jo- 
seph Newson, 72; Thomas Goodwin, 72; David It. Shriver, 72; 
Mrs. Horatio Price, 71; Daniel Shaeffer, 71; J. W. Swartx- 
baugh, 71 ; Homy Weitnan, 71 ; Dr. Francis Butler, 70; B. W. 
Bennett, 70; Mrs. Mary Shriver, 70 ; Harry Bailie, 70; Jesse. 
Tingling, ',0; Elizabeth Price, 70. Culored People— Samuel 
Robinson, 90; Philip Briscoe, SS ; Philip Leman, 87; Hubert 
Bell, 83; Henry Anthony, 82 ; Serena Parker, 82; Samuel 
Thompson, 79; Wm. Parker, 70; Rev. J. B. Snowdcn, 77; 
Grace faraway, 70; Elizabeth Harden, 72 ; Charlotte Troupe, 
71 ; Ellen Robinson, 70. 

John L. Reifsnider, a prominent merchant in West- 
minster, Carroll Co., Md., was born in Tuneytowu, 
Oct. 19, 183G. He has been twice married,— Pec, 
10, 1861, to the eldest dang 
lingslea, and Jan. 12, 1871, to 

Augustus Shriver. Mr. Reifsnider began business at 
a very early age, and at the age of eighteen was a 
member of the well-known firm of Reifsnider A: Son, 
of Westminster. He is the president of the West- 
minster Gas Company, the success of which is clue 
more to him than any other man. He has accumu- 
lated large wealth by his own industry, intelligence, 
and business judgment, and has retired from business, 
and lives iu an elegant mansion in Westminster. 

The traveler along the Westminster and Meadow 
Branch turnpike will find his attention pleasantly in- 
vited, at a point about two miles from Westminster, 
to " Meadow Brook," the comfortable-looking and at- 
tractive home of Samuel Roop. The house (a semi- 
Gothic structure) stands upon a gently-sloping emi- 
nence close to the highway, and is approached by a 
sweeping drive from either side. A prettily kept lawn 
makes a charming foreground to the picture. Mr. 
Roop's great-grandfather, Christian Roop, came from • settle in the county. 
Switzerland to Lancaster County, Pa., during the \ The following is the vote for lo 
eighteenth century. Four of his sons (Joseph, Chris- j 1851 to 18G1 inclusive: 
lian, David, and John) removed to Carroll County at 
different periods soon after the Revolution to Dud new 
homes. John located upon the present Samuel Roop 
. place, on which stood a small frame house when he 
purchased the property. About 1 805 he built a brick 



1S51.— Vut. 


Primary Schi ol Ci 




ub Matthias 

225, Fi 


is Shriver 


37, V. , 

bam 1 


22, John B. 

1853.— For 


ticos: Jess 


ing 3 

7, J. 


Iloppa 2S7, 



sfer 217, F. 

0. Fr.i 

blin 5 

10, (It 


Shipley 217, 

Win. S 


an 24 1, Wi 


, Diin 

es 169 


\. Warn- 





pier 3211 ; Constables : Win. OurBler 240, J. T. Diffenbaugh 
294, Bmmrael Gernand 355, Wra. H. Mourer 151; Road 
Supervisor: Michael Lynch 266, Geo. Shade 199, William 
Koonts 17* 

jSS5._For Justices: H. B. Qrammei 209, B. Gernand 2S9, 
Jesse Manning 278, W. A. Wampler 295, Win. Cronse336, 
J. 11. Hoppe 312. Joseph Matthias 318, F. 0. Franklin 
291; Constables: J. Diffenbaugh 302, Geo Webster 2S7, 
Thos. B. Gist 299, John Blizzard 303 ; Roarl Supervisor: 
Wm. Miller 312, Win. Koontz 299. 

1S57.— For Justices: W. A. Crouse 3S2, Joseph Matthias 371, 
F. 0. Franklin 350.J. 11. HoppE 317, W. A. Wampler 289; 
Constables : S. M. Gist 2s: 1 ., John Blizzard 330, J. T. Diffen- 
baugh 280, G. Sheets IH5; Road Supervisor: M. Lynch 
311, Noah Mitten 249. 

lS.VJ._Fov Justices: Joseph Matthias 42S, Wm.. Crouse 309, 
Chas. Denning 2S6, Jesse Manning 193, W. A. Wampler 
350, James Reefer 17*, Emanuel Tuni 187, J. Henry 
Hoppe 400; Constables: J. M. Tingling 335, Levi Evans 
278, R. W. Stem 360, David Kuhn 351 : Road Supervisor: 
Jacob Heaver 350, J. Shancbruch, Jr., 30s. 

1861.— Foi J. stices : J. Matthias 407, J. II. Hoppe 415. E. Ger- 
nand 421. W. A. Wampler 455, W. J. Mitten 53, William 
Crouse 251'.. Daniel Byor= 259, Jesse Manning 224, J. li. 
Summers 243; Constables: G. W. Plowman 410, K. W. 
Stem 459. Ira E. Crouse 200, J. M. Tingling 219, David 
Kuan 70; Road Supervisor: J. L. Wampler 150. Philip 
Turfle 204. 

The public school trustees for 1SS1 and 1.S82 are 
given, together with the uarues of teachers and num- 
ber of pupils : 

1. Grammar School.— Elias Yingling, F. A. Sharer, Geo. W. 

II. Sii 

41 T" 

-David Fowble, Wm. B. Thomas, A. H. 
A. Sharer. George W. 

2. Primary 

3. Primary, No. 2.— Elias Yingli 

4. Primary, No. 3.— Same as Primary, No. 2. 

5. Primary, No. 4.— David Fowble, Wm. B. Thomas, A. II. 

6. West End, No. 1.— B. F. Crouse, E. J. Lawyer, Milton 

7. West End. No. 2.— Same a- No. 1. 

8. West End, No. 3.— Same as No. 1. 

9. WarBeldsburg, No. 1.— Joshua Sellman, David Owings, 
Albinu^ Poole. 

10. Warfieldsburg. No. 2.— Same as No. 1. 

11. Shades. — lesse Sullivan, A. Gieman, Charles Schaeffer. 

12. Mexico. — No trustees. 

13. Mountain View.— David Warehine, Uriah Bixler, John 

14. Meadow Branch.— John D. Roop, David Reese, Ezra 

15. Cranberry.— Noah Schaeffer, William H. Reese, Lewis 

10. Friendship.— William Fenby, Frederick N. Hook, Joshua 

17. Wm. Baohman's.— B. Bixler, Win. Leas, William J. 

4. West End (African).— Alfred Bruce, J.M.Snowden, Reu- 
ben Woodyard (all colored). 

The teachers for the term ending April 15, 1SS1, 

3. H. Baughman, 32 pupil,; 
3, Belle M. Matthews. 29 pupils; 4. F. W. Shrivel, 30 pu- 
pils; 5, Maria Pearson, 3.7 pupils; II, George Balson, 51 
pupils; 7, Mattie W. Beaver, 34 pupils; S, Laura K . Mat- 
thews, 37 pupils : 9, Stanley R. Still, SO pupils : 10, C. Belle 
Poole, 30 pupils; 11, Henry L. Shriver, 29 pupils; 12. 
Geo. II. Gist, 19 pupils; 13, G. W.Sullivan, 45 pupils; 14, 
D. L. McSwincy. 52 pupils ; 15, Laura A. Everharl, 24 pu- 
pils : 16, F. A., 55 pupils: 17. II. B. Burgoon, 
42 pupils ; 4 (African school), Fannie E. Balls, 5s pupils. 

The Twelfth District of Carroll County, generally 

] known as Union Bridge, is bounded on the north by 

' Middleburg District, on the east by the districts of 
Uniontown and New Windsor, on 'the south by the 
latter and Frederick County, and on the west by 

! Frederick County. It is the youngest district in the 
county, having been created by an act of the General 
Assembly of Maryland, passed March 14, 1872, out 
of portions of the territory embraced by the districts 
of Middleburg, New Windsor, and Uniontown. In 
area it is also smaller than the other districts, but it 
is by no means the least important. It is maguifi- 

I cently watered by Sam's Creek, which forms the west- 
ern boundary line between the district and Frederick 

[ County, and by Little Pipe Creek, which flows directly 
through the centre of the district from east to west, 

i and by a number of smaller streams which are tribu- 
tary to those just mentioned. The soil is exceedingly 
fertile, and the Western Maryland Railroad, within 
easy reach from all parts of the district, furnishes 
ample facilities for the disposal of produce and com- 
munication with trade centres. The population in 
1880 was 1235. It contains within iis limits one of 
the largest and most prosperous towns in the county, 
and a large share of the manufacturing establishments 
of this portion of Maryland. The metes and bounds 
of the district, as prescribed by the act of Assembly 

< which created it, are as follows : 

-Beginning at Sam's Creek, the boundary line between Carroll 
and Frederick Counties, and at the point in said Sam's Creek the tail-race from McKinstry's mills empties therein, and 
running thence by a straight line to intersect the mid. lie of the 
public road from McKinstry's mills to Linwood, and at a point 
in said public road opposite the stone house now occupied by 
D. E. Albaugh and brother; thence by and with the centre of 
said public road to the bridge over Little Pipe Creek, near Liu- 
wood, being a corner of Election District No. 2 ; thence through 

j said district by a straight line to Reuben Haines' dwelling- 
house, excluding said premises; thence by a straight line to in- 

j tersect the public road from Union Bridge to Union Town, at a 
point in said load opposite the cenlre of a lane hading off 

! therefrom towards the public school-house, being between the 
house and premises of Abraham Harris and the pinnies of 
Abraham St.mer ; thence by a straight line t.. the spring at the 
head of Log Cabin Branch, being at a comer of Election Dis- 

I trict No. 10; thence down Log Cabin Branch to the centre of 

1 the road leading from Union Town to Middloburg ; thcnci along 


lid towards Middli 

the middle of ?nki 
alane known as Haiu 
Abraham Shirk and .T( 
south end thereof; the 
H;iir.e=' divoiling-bous, 
Creek, the boundary li 
ties; thence up said ere 

The first survey was that of " Kilfadda," for a large 
tract of land patented in 1729 to John Tredane, and 
afterwards to Allen Farquhar, being then in Prince 
George's County. This land embraces a part of 
"Union Bridge" and the farm of E. J. Penrose. 

E. G. Penrose was horn in the township of Wash- 
ington, York Co., Pa., the ]()th of the 9th month, 
1817, the second in a family of four children of Jo- 
siah and Rachel (Garretson) Penrose. The family 
in this country spring from two brothers, \%lio emi- 
grated from England with Win. Penn at his second 
voyage. They settled in Pennsylvania, and have scat- 
tered to different States, mainly Ohio, Illinois, Iowa, 
and Kansas. The only one who settled in Maryland 
is the subject of this sketch. 

Thomas Penrose, his grandfather, born 4th day of 
the 1st month (old style). 1749, married Abigail Cad- 
walader; the latter was burn (he 18th of the 1st mouth, 
1752. To this worthy couple were born seven chil- 
dren,— five sons and two daughters, — viz. : Amos, 
Thomas, William, Hannah, Ann, Josiah, and Cyrus. 
Thomas moved to Illinois, and died there ; William 
lived and died in Bedford County at the homestead; 
he raised a large family ; Hannah married Jesse Ken- 
worthy, a farmer near Brownsville, Washington Co.. 
Pa.; she died there, leaving two daughters; Ann and 
Cyrus did not marry; lived and died at the homestead ; 
Amos married and raised a family of eight children, he 
resided at the homestead and died there ; Josiah, father 
of E. G., was born in York County, Pa., 28th of 3d j 
month, 1790; married Rachel, daughter of John and 
Mary Garretson, 18th of 5th mouth, IS) 5. Her father j 
was born 5th of 4th month, 1741 ; his wife, Mary, I 
10th of Kith month, 1745. They were married 9th of j 
6th month, 1703, at a public meeting of Friends at \ 
Huntington. He died 15th of 12th month, 1810; 
his wife,. 3d of 7th month, 1827. 

Rachel G. Penrose was born 8th of 12th month, j 
1788. When E. G. Penrose was seventeen years of 
age his father moved with his family to Meuallen 
township, Adams Co., Pa., and settled on a farm; 
both himself and wife died in Adams County, the 
latter 25th of 12th month, 1824, the former 7th of 
1st mouth, 1S60. 

Eliakim Garretson Penrose lived at home until he 
was nineteen years of age. His education was limited 

to an attendance at a private school. Tn 183G he went 
to Baltimore, where he was employed as clerk in the 
grocery-store of Isaiah B. Price, with whom be re- 
mained four years. He then engaged on his own ac- 
count in the meat business on Hilleu Street, near the 
Belair Market, and continued in it four years, making 
it a success. 

For the next three years he was engaged in the. 
coal trade, in company with James Johnson; firm, 
Johnson & Penrose. In 1847, in company with Jona- 
than Shoemaker, — firm, Penrose & Co., — he carried 
on a grocery on Pennsylvania Avenue, corner of St. 
Mary Street, At the end of three years the firm was 
dissolved. He then engaged in his own name in the 
grocery and produce business corner of Franklin and 
Eutaw Streets, first renting and subsequently pur- 
chasing the store; remained therefrom 1850 to 1855. 
In the latter year he entered into partnership with 
Thomas Russell, and for three years, under the firm- 
name of Penrose & Russell, carried on a store at 153 
North Howard Street. At the end of that time he 
purchased Russell's interest, and took into partnership 
Wo. A. Simpson, under the firm of E. G. Penrose 
& Co., which partnership continued for twelve years. 
Upon its dissolution he took as partner John ltussell, 
brother of former partuer, the firm-name continuing 
as before. In 187^, Russell withdrew, and a partner- 
ship, under the firm-name of Penrose, Nelker & Co., 
was formed ; his associates in this partnership are J. 
F. Nelker and A. H. Nelker, which partnership still 
exists, the business being carried on in the old place. 
From all his business transactions intoxicating liquors 
have been excluded. 

In politics he has been identified with the Whig 
and Republican patties. He is a member of the So- 
ciety of Friends, and although living in a slave State, 
has always been opposed to slavery. During the late 
war he was a stanch friend of the Union cause. lie 
married, 24th of 2d month, 1853, Susan, daughter of 
Abel and Elizabeth (Roberts') Russell. Mrs. Penrosi 
was born in Frederick County, Md., 7th of 1st month, 
1828. They have had three children, viz. : Lizzie, 
born 5th of 10th month, 1860, died 25th of 3d month. 
1S66; William, born 16th of 0th month, 1S02 ; now 
engaged with the firm at Baltimore; Mary, born 22.1 
of 1st month, 1809. 

In 1808, Mr. Penrose purchased the well-known 
Shepherd farm, one hundred and eighty-one acres, 
near Union Bridge, Carroll Co , Md., and moved 
there in 1809. Up to 1879 few men enjoyed better 
health or possessed a more vigorous constitution, and 
none who gave closer application to business. At that. 
time he withdrew from active participation in the 

cai;i:<>ll COUNTY, 

business of his house in Baltimore, retaining, however, 
:1 . ; i funeral pariiier. his interest in the same. 

During the time lie lias been engaged in business in 
Baltimore his house has passed successfully through 
three severe panics, which sufficiently attests his pru- 
dence and excellent judgment as a business man. 

Many members of the Society of Friends settled | 
i:i Union Bridge District prior to the war of the Rev- 
olution, and formed a " particular meeting," but the 
society never gained a strong foothold. Some of the j 
descendants of the first Friends who settled here are 
vet living iu this region. 

Among the early settlers were, the Farquhars, , 
Wrights, Rineharts, Wolfes, Shepherds, Thomases, j 
Husseys, and Benedums. These pioneers were men ! 
of unusual energy and intelligence, and they gave au 
impetus to this section which it has ever since main- i 
tained. Their experiences, some of which will be j 
found in the introductory chapter of the history of \ 
this county, were very interesting. They evidently 
appreciated the natural advantages which the country 
offered, and availed themselves of them without loss 
of time. Mills, factories, and other necessary im- 
provements were speedily erected, and many older 
settlements in Maryland might have profitably imi- 
tated their example. The first nai 
State, probably, was established in t 
the first reaping-machine was invent 
Thomas, in Union Bridge, the ruachin 
u-ed as his model, and from which all others gener- ! 
ally in use on this side of the Rocky Mountains 
derived their origin. 

The first Farmers' Club in Carroll County of which j 
there is any knowledge was formed in 1 SIT, in the 
vicinity of Union Bridge, at that time a portion of 
Frederick County, by Thomas Shepherd, Daniel 
Haines, Ulrich Switzer, Samuel Haines, David Eng- 
lar, Philip Englar, Henry Rial, and Israel Rinehart 
(whose son, Israel C, is still a member of the organ- 
ization). It was a society of producers for their mu- 
tual benefit and protection against the middlemen, and 
Was the germ of the organization now known as the 
Patrons of Husbandry, which has recently reached 
out with its Briarean arms and embraced the whole ' 
United States. The plan of the club, or, as it was 
more generally styled, " the company," was to produce 
a first-rate article and deliver it directly to the con- 
sumer. They made "gilt-edged" butter, and got fancy 
i nces for it. A person who did not make a good 
article could not be a member of the club, and they 
established a first-class reputation. 

The club ran a wagon, which conveyed the produce 
'" the Baltimore market every week." The members 

story iu the 
district, and 
by John B. 

Inch Hussey 

took turns in going : the one accompanying the wagon 
furnished a horse his week, and acted as agent for 
the association in selling their produce and buying 
goods for them. At their annual meetings they set- 
tled their financial business, and had no commissions 
to pay to agents at a distance. 

The club is still in existence, and is sending produce 
to Baltimore every week. The excellent character 
established for its members enables them to command 
the highest prices for their produce. 

A second, or Junior Club, was established in or 
about 18o3, similar to the older company of 1817. 
It has been in successful operation ever since. 

In 1SG4 there was an association organized at 
Union Bridge, under the name and title of " The 
Union Bridge Agricultural and Scientific Club." The 
first permanent officers were elected Feb. 20, 1 SGI, as 
follows: President, Granville S. Haines; Recording 
Secretary, Joshua Switzer; Treasurer, Daniel Wolf; 
Librarian, Thomas W. Russell ; Executive Commit- 
tee, Warrington Gillingham, Solomon Shepherd, and 
Pemberton Wood. The meetings were held on the 
fust and third Saturday of every month, at 'seven 
o'clock- P.M. In 1868 there were other features in- 
troduced which materially enhanced the usefulness of 
the society. The club now meets at a member's 
house every month, and half the membership are 
ladies. The farmer's wife is as much a member of 
the club as he himself, with the same rights and priv- 

The first duty after organization is usually to ex- 
amine the farm, buildings, fencing, work, etc., criti- 
cising and answering questions, after which they re- 
turn to the house, where essays are read and questions 
discussed, after which they repair to the table bounti- 
fully supplied with the products of the farm, nicely 
prepared to suit the palate. The. company having 
partaken of the feast, select the subject for their next 
meeting, and adjourn to meet again next mouth at 
the house of some other member. The plan of hold- 
ing circular meetings has been adopted by all the 
wide-awake neighborhoods in the country. 

The town of Union Bridge has a population of 
57G, and in both a commercial and social sense is the 
focal poiut of the district. It was to this spot that 
the early settlers flocked, a hardy, energetic, and re- 
markably intelligent race of people, who have given a 
distinct character to the community. The country in 
the vicinity of the town was very fertile, but in many 
places it was swampy, the woods and undergrowth 
were almost impenetrable, and ravenous wolves, made 
dangerous by hunger, were constantly prowling about 
the clearings to pick up the unguarded produce or the 


stock, and even to attack the unwary passer-by. The 
remarkable fertility of the soil had evidently attracted 
the notice of man long before the settlement of the 
whites. Upon the site of the present town large 
quantities of stone arrows, hatchets, and other im- 
plements referable to the stone age have been picked 
up, as well as numerous skulls and other human bones, 
indicating that sanguinary conflicts had taken place 
for the possession of this favored spot. William 
Farquhar and his wife Ann, with their children, an 
interesting account of whose settlement in the district 
has already been given, were probably the pioneers of 
Union Bridge. They settled upon a tract of land 
given them by Allen Farquhar, upon which much of 
the town now stands. On Aug. 7, 17-17, a tract of 
laud called " Forest iu Need," containing one hun- 
dred and twenty acres, was granted to William Far- 
quhar, in which is included all that part of the town 
south of Elgar Street. That portion of the town 
west of Main Street and north of a line struck from 
the intersection of Elgar Street with Main Street to 
the intersection of Broadway and Canary Streets was 
Moses Farquhar's. All that part south of the above 
line, belonged to Samuel Farquhar. The portion cist 
of Main Street and north of Elgar Street was Allen 
Farquhar's. The dividing line between the property 
of Samuel and William Farquhar became a road, 
which was subsequently placed on the county, and 
eventually became. " Main" Street in the town of 
Uuion Bridge. During the Revolution and for some 
time afterwards the neighborhood was known as the 
" Pipe Creek Settlement," the word Pipe Creek being 
a translation into English of the Indian name 
"Apoocbken." The inhabitants at that time were 
mainly Quakers, whose tenets were opposed to war ; 
but their enthusiasm in many cases prevailed over 
their peaceful principles, and they contributed largely 
of their means in aid of the patriot cause, and not a 
few officers and soldiers were recruited from their 

Benjamin Farquhar, a grandson of William, at the 
close of the last century, was the first to make use 
of the abundant water-power of the town by building 
a saw-mill and an oil-mill to utilize the seed of the 
flax which was grown in the neighborhood. This 
was on the site of what is now the Uniou Bridge 
iid is the same wattr-power used by the 


Western Maryland Railroad Company in operating 
its machine-shops. Peter Benedam, an enterprising 
German from Lancaster County, Pa., came to Union 
Bridge at the beginning of the present century and 
purchased live hundred acres of land, which included 
all of the town site north of Elgar Street and west 

of Main Street, a large portion of which he cleared 
drained, and brought under cultivation. Heap] 
to have been, from all accounts, a thoroughly us ;. 
man in the community, and gave a healthy impetus -.. 
farming and other industries. He constructed tl I 
own cost, an elaborate, costly, and durable footwni 
across the creek, which remained as a mouumetit : 
his judgment and skill and proof against tin- i ,. ; . 
of time and Hoods for more than half a ccutur; 
His residence was the premises now owned by Gi 
ville S. Haines. Joseph Elgar was the (list mere!, 
and manufacturer by machinery on the site i ;' 
town. He also built the first brick house iu the i,-„ 
in which Joseph Wilson now lives. The pioi 
not pass away without leaving their " footprints ■ n ■ 
sands of time." A well-paved wagon-road was n 
across the swampy ground northward from the town 
and a substantial bridge was built across the er ■ '. 
done by the united labor of those who lived on • '.;'. 
side of the stream. After its completion, \, ! ' 
builders were still assembled, it was proposed that >'■ 
bridge be called by some name to distinguish it I': . 
other similar structures. " Union Bridge" was - . : 
gested, and its peculiar appropriateness secun ! 
unanimous adoption. The bridge gave the name i 
both the town and (he district. Peter Benedaiu •■■ 
out in 1814 and removed to the Valley of Virginia 
and Jacob Switzer, the father of Joshua Switzer C Is 
very able centennial historian (if the district, tow!', 
the author of this work is indebted for valuable •■■■■ 
terial), purchased one hundred and thirty-eight 
of his land, embracing that part of Union Bi i 
west of Main Street and north of Eigar Street. 'I 
war with Great Britain created a demand for agri 
tural products, and Union Bridge and it? \iciti ty •: 
joyed a season of great prosperity. All that part 
the town west of Main Street was a elover-ficld, win 
plowed up and put in a crop of wheat aud foil' 
with a crop of rye, would produce enough l" p ; 
the first cost of the land. At this period tin- viil 
contained but four houses, — one upon tin •• 
Ilartsock's Hotel, which was taken down t» r. . 
room for the hotel in 1S70; one near the site 
Capt. Isaiah Lightncr's dwelling-house, which » 
removed in 1814, aud is now the central paiiol 
dwelling-bouse of William Stultz ; one on tin | 
site of William Wilson's store, afterwards for .. 
time used as a shop, and takon away about '< '■ 
years ago; and the brick house built b\ ■' 
Elgar. All saw the last were built of oak lo ; • 
though not strictly ornamental, were comfortab! 
durable. The brick cabinet-maker's shop, in wl 


jos. jiooki:. 



was subsequently converted into a dwelling-house. 
George Cox succeeded Elgar as a merchant, and took 
| utter, eggs, and other produce in exchange for goods. 
]h- started a huckster-wagon and created a local mar- 
ket, and from the quality or quantity of butter sold 
here the town was called " Buttersburg," a name which 
has clung to it and by which it is sometimes known to- | 
day- There was no post-office nearer than Taneytown. 
The growing coudition of the "settlement" required 
better postal facilities, and in or about the year 1820 a 
jHist-oflice, with a weekly mail, was established between 
this point and Frederick City. In the selection of a 
name that might also designate its locality, the name 
of Union Bridge was chosen, after which time the vil- 
lage began to be called " Union Bridge Post-office," and 
then only " Union Bridge," and the name of Butters- J 
burg was disused. In 1821, Jacob Switzer removed 
the old oil-mill, and built upon its site a brick four-story 
grist and merchant-mill, forty by forty-two feet, the 
Btone basement of which is now the basement of the 
" Union Bridge Hotel." A part of the brick dwel- 
ling-house now the residence of Joseph Wolfe had . 
also been built. But very little progress was then 
made in buildings for the two succeeding decades, j 
In 1840, Joseph Moore, having become the owner by 
purchase of all that part of the town site west of 
Main Street, laid out a series of lots along the whole 
length of said street, fronting thereon and running 
about fourteen and a quarter perches, which he after- 
wards sold from time to time, and building then first 
began on the west side of Main Street, the first dwel- 
ling-house being that now owned and inhabited by 
Reuben Sayler. 

Joseph Moore was born in Taneytown District (now 
-\'ew Windsor), Frederick Co. (now Carroll), Md., 
Sept. 26, 1802. His grandfather, John Moore, was 
a native of West Cain township, Chester Co., Fa. He 
married Hannah Holliugsworth, of Birmingham town- 
ship, same county, April 13, 1749. Their children 
were David, Joanna, Enoch, John, Jehu, Mary, and 
Abigail. David married and settled and died in Pe- 
tersburg, Va. Enoch and John were neither married ; 
both were soldiers in the war of the Revolution. 
fcuoch died at Ids father's resideuce, at Union Bridge. 
John died at his father's residence, near Westminster. 
Mary married a Mr. Stephenson, moved to Illinois, ' 
6: ' i died there. Soon after his marriage Johu .Moore 
moved to Baltimore, where he carried on milling. 
About the time of the Revolution he moved to West- 
minster, and subsequently purchased a farm about two 
miles from that place; he died there. Jehu Moore, 
">urth son of Johu, and father of Joseph, was born in 

Joseph and Jane Hibbard, of Pipe Creek, March 23, 
17%. Mrs. Moore was born in Willots township, 
Chester Co., Pa., March 3, 17(JS. Their children 
were Ann, born Feb. 3, 1801; Joseph; and Mary, 
burn Aug. n. 1S04. Ann died June 22, 1822. Mary, 
widow of Isaac Dixon, is a resident of Baltimore. 

Jehu Moore settled in Uuion Bridge District (theu 
Taneytown) in 1794, and engaged for several years in 
merchandising in company with Solomon Shepherd. 
Selling out his interest in the store about 1808, he 
purchased a farm east of the village, which he carried 
on to the time of his death, which occurred Dee. 11, 
1S41. His wife lived to the advanced age. of ninety- 
six years, and died May 3, 1SG3. Both are buried in 
the Friends' burying-ground at Pipe Creek. 

Joseph Moore lived on the home-farm from his 
birth to 18G5. His education was limited to an at- 
tendance in summers at the common school of his 
neighborhood. In 1837 he purchased of David Swit- 
zer the tract of land known as the " Rich Indian Gar- 
den," consisting of forty-one acres, a portion of which 
he allotted, and upon which all that portion of the 
village of Union Bridge lying west of Main Street 
has been built up. The home-farm, which came into 
his possession by will, he sold in 1805, taking up his 
residence in the village of Uuion Bridge, where, with 
the exception of two years spent in Baltimore, he has 
since resided. He built his present residence, a fine 
brick mansion, on a site commanding a fine view of 
the village and surrounding; country, in 1S79 and 
1S80. In religion Mr. Moore belongs to the Society 
of Friends ; in politics, first a Whig, then a Repub- 
lican, and took an active interest in securing the con- 
struction of the Western Maryland Railroad, which 
has been the means mainly of building up the village 
of Union Bridge. He married, June S, 1871, at 
Troy. N. ST., Hannah P., daughter of Elias and Mary 
(Bryant) Lord. Mrs. Moore was born Oct. 3, 1837, 
in Colchester, Chittenden Co., Vt. She received her 
education at Burlington Female Seminary and Mrs. 
Wooster's Ladies' School, Burlington, Yt. They 
have had two children,- — Mary Hannah, born July 3, 
1873, and Archer Joseph, born July 20, 1876, died 
May 23, 1877. 

About this time the railroad which is now called 
the Western Maryland Railroad first, began to be 
talked of (previous to which a connection with the 
Baltimore and Ohio Railroad had been supposed to be 
the most feasible after the unsuccessful attempt to 
secure the passage of its main stem through the place), 
but it was not until ten years afterwards, or in 1855— 
50, that work was. actually begun on it, and in the 
mouth of May, 1802, the first passenger-trains cauie 


to Union Bridge. During this period but little addi- 
tional building bad been done in tbe town, other tban 
the brick depot and warehouse built by Moses Shaw 
and David Hiltabidle, and some buildings by tbe rail- 
road company preparatory to the opening of the road. 
On the completion of the railroad to this point, which 
remained its western terminus for six years, and the 
erection of tbe company's machine-shops here, an 
active demand sprang up for dwelling-houses for its 
employes and their families. That part of the town 
nearest and most convenient to tbe depot and machine- 
shops, being east of Main Street and bounding on 
Elgar Street, could not be obtained cither by pur- 
chase or lease for tbe purpose of building thereon by 
reason of the occupants having a life estate therein. 
On Tuesday, June 30, and Wednesday, July 1, 1803, 
the Second and Fifth Army Corps, forming the central 
column of tbe Army of the Potomac, passed through 
tbe town on their march towards Gettysburg, being 
about the only local incident to recall the memories of 
tbe great civil war, and in this tbe town did not suffer, 
but rather prospered. In ] 8114 a telegraph company 
located an office here, which has since been maintained. 
In the same year Moses Shaw and Joseph Moore 
opeued that part of the street since known as Broad- 
way Street from Main Street westward, and ibis gave 
access to the remaining portion of Joseph Moore's 
premises, a great part of which he has since sold by 
the acre or fractions of an acre, in such quantities as 
were desired by the purchaser. About tbe same time 
the first public primary school-house was built. In 
1865 all that part of the town south of Elgar Street 
and east of Main Street which could not heretofore 
be procured was brought into market, and it was laid 
out into lots and sold by the executor at public sale, 
Feb. 3, 1S6C, and purchased by Jesse Anders, Jasper 
C. Shriner, and Thomas T. Morris, who have from 
time to time sold the lots upon which the dwelling- 
houses are built. The town now made a more decided 
progress in improvement. In 13G8 the Methodist 
Episcopal church was built, and also Anders & 
Lightner's store and public ball. On the 3d day of 
December, 18GS, at eight o'clock p.m., the machine- 
shop, carpenter-shop, blacksmith-shop, and all the 
other buildings and local improvements (except the 
engine-house) of the Western Maryland Railroad 
Company took fire and were burned. The fire 
originated in the oil-house, and so rapid was the con- 
flagration that the tools of the workmen, the books 
of the railroad company, and all the finished and un- 
finished work, including a new locomotive engine iu 
process of construction, therein were destroyed and 
lost, but by extraordinary labor and vigilance all 

other contiguous buildings in the town were m\ i 

This was the first experience of a loss by lire in t' 

town, and was severely felt by the railroad company, 

; then in its infancy, and was also felt as a public local 

j calamity by tbe inhabitants of the town -and vicinit) 

: the mutual character of which being manifested by 

| the local and substantial pecuniary aid contributed 

I and the energy and enterprise of tbe railroad cow- 

I pany, which being combined, all of the said shops and 

! other buildings were forthwith rebuilt in a better and 

more substantia] manner. In the same year the rail- 

road began to run its trains westward from Onion 

Bridge, and about that time much of the building 

1 on Benedam and Farquhar Streets was done. A 

| <; Building Association" was formed, by tbe aid of 

; which twelve of the dwelling-houses in the town were 


An act ofthe General Assembly of Maryland passed 

in 1872, to incorporate the town of Union Bridge, in 

Carroll County. An election was held on the first 

Monday in April ensuing for a mayor and Common 

Council, and Reuben Saylor was elected tbe first 11113 or 

of tbe town, and John Hartsock, Philip B. Meyers, 

Joseph Wolf, and J. Calvin Went/, were the first 

elected councilmeu, and John B. Eppley was its first 

bailiff, and Joshua Switzer its first clerk, and also 

treasurer; and what had been prior to that time a 

! " settlement," a " burg," and a " village," at once rose 

I to the dignity of a town, clothed with a municipal 

i government. 

At a session of the mayor and Common Council, 

! held March 31, 187-1, the same mayor and Council 

■ mentioned above, except that John M. Fnrney had 

beeu chosen in place of Joseph Wolf (who declined 

to serve), the following preamble and resolution were 

I passed : 

" Whereas, The streets iu the town of Union Bridge have 
heretofore had no legal name, and some of the said streets ha* 
been ealied by different names, causing much ambiguity and 
misunderstanding in their location nnd description. 

" Therefore lletuhcd, That the principal thoroughfare 
through the said town, being the Libortj and Pipe Creek turn- 
pike road, be called Main Street; and that the street next 
westward thereof ami running parallel therewith from He 
county road No. SO. at the southwest corner ofthe school-house 
grounds, past the premise- of William II. Rinehart (Ihc Amcri- 
can sculptor) and Thomas Russell, Philip J!. Meyers, and others, 
be called Whyte Strert ; and that the street next eastward fruiii 
Main Street, and running nearly parallel therewith from the 
ground for the track of the Western Maryland Railroad, past 
the premises of G. T. O.rumbinc. Margaret Spurrier, Joshua 
Switzer, and others, to intersect the said county road No. SO 
(the southern boundary of the town), be called Benedam Street : 
and that the ,-treet near the eastern boundary "f the said town, 
and running parallel with the said eastern boundary from the 
ground for the track of the Western Maryland Railroad, along 
past the premises of Copt. Isaiah I.'ightner, J. Calvin Went/. 


i Iward Kelly, and others, to intersect the sn.i<] county road 

s , -n, bo called Farquhar Street : and that tl.e street running 
.. :.. Main Street eastward at the corners of the premises of 

• .,„ V. Diehl and Howard D. Hartsock, crossing Benedam 
...,r! at the corner ofG. T. Grumbinc and others, and crossing 
1 quhar Street at the eurnei of J. Calvin Went/., Isaiah 
l.i-litncr, and others, to the eastern boundary of the tow.n. be 
.-_, led Klgar Street; and that the wide street crossing Main 
-• : ..,t at the residence and stores of Jesse Anders. Anders & 
I. .-Iitner, William Wilson, and John i\. Weaver, and running 
lUrough the town from east to west, be called Broadway; and 

,1 -he street next southward from Broadway Street, and run- 
D in g parallel therewith from Main Street at the corner of the 
, remises of Je.-.-c Anders and U. 0. Mannakee (now M. G. Kin- 
,;r\ i, and crossing Bcncdam Street to Farrcuhar Street, be 
t died Thomas Street ; and that the short street next westward 
, -n Whytc,and running parallel therewith and connecting the 
m, ■■[ end or Broadway Street with the aforesaid county road 
So, SO, a* the same is marked and laid down on the plat, hut 
I ,i iet opened, be called Canary Street. And that the clerk 

• ■ nnd he is hereby directed and authorized to write, mark, and 
.!. .ignatc the names of the .-aid streets on the plat of the said 
town, and also cause the same to be written on the records of 
i'„. said plat in the office of the clerk of the Circuit Court for 
fnrroll County, in Liber ,1. IS. B., No. 42, folio 211 ; and the 
aforesaid names shall be the established names by which the 
aforesaid streets shall be respectively known, called, and dc- 
-tumiI ; and the clerk is hereby directed and ordered to enter 
upon the recoids of the proceedings of the mayor and Council a 
brief synopsis of the meaning of the said names, or the reasons 
why the said local names were given or cho.-en and applied to 
the streets of the said town." 

All of which has beeu duly done, and the general 
answer is, because they are historic and intended to 
perpetuate the local history of the town. " Main" 
Street, because it is the oldest, and is the principal 
traveled thoroughfare through the town ; <; Broad- 
way," fifty feet wide, although not wider than Bene- 
dam and Whyte Streets, because it was the first wide 
street opened through the town ; " Farquhar," " Bene- 
dam," '• Elgar," aud " Thomas," for the obvious j 
reasons given in the preceding pages; " Whyte," so 
called I'm the Hon. William Pinkncy Whyte, who was 
Governor of the State, and who approved of and 
■i-'ticd the charter at the time of the incorporation of 
'lie' town, whilst His Excellency vetoed all other town 
charters except one passed by the General Assembly 
"I Maryland at the same session ; " Canary," so called 
lor the first railroad locomotive that came into the 
•own of Union Bridge. It was a small engine with 
"lily two driving-wheels, but did all the work in the 
Construction of the railroad to this place. It was 

''led the " Canary" because of its. diminutive size 
a «u its restless and constant activity, and while the 
'"tt'ti f Union Bridge is largely indebted to the rail- 
! ' ■•' 'I for her growth and prosperity, the railroad is also 
'" ' ''''''' to the town and country immediately sur- 

'Uiiumg it for the very large and liberal stock sub- 

tile construction of the road at that time a possi- 

In 1S75 a separate passenger-house and depot was 
built by the railroad company, the town contributing 
§100 as a corporation, and private individuals 85(>0 
additional, lu the same year another produce and 
freight depot was built by William Zimmerman and 
H. D. Hartsock, on the west side of Main Street. 

In September, 1875, Messrs. Nock & Snyder in- 
troduced a printing-press aud materials, and began 
the publication of the first newspaper in the town, 
called the People's Tone, which supplied a very im- 
portant link in the chain connecting the town with 
the more advanced civilization of the age. On the 
4th of July, 1S7G, the centennial year of independ- 
ence was celebrated with imposing ceremonies in the 
town of Union Bridge, lion. Joshua Switzer de- 
livered an address which embodied the history of the 
town. It was admirably prepared, replete with valu- 
hle information, much of which has been utilized by 
the author of this history, and exceedingly inter- 

In April, 1875, John Hartsock was elected mayor, 
and John W. Furney, J. C. Wentz, P. B, Meyers, 
and Jesse Anders, members of the Council ; J. Switzer. 
secretary aud treasurer. In 1876,1). Rinehart was 
elected mayor, and M. C. McKinstry, Jesse Anders, 
P. B. Meyers, and Peter Ilollenberger were chosen 
members of the Common Council ; J. Switzer, secre- 
tary ; John Hartsock, treasurer. In 1877, John. 
Hartsock was elected mayor, and Moses Shaw, Jos. 
Wilson, D. R. Bogle, and William Kelley, couucilmen ; 
and John B. Eppley, secretary aud treasurer. In 
187S, John Hartsock was elected mayor, and Moses 
Shaw, Joseph Wilson, William Kelley, aud D. K 
Fogle, common councilmen ; John B. Eppley, secretary 
aud treasurer. In 1879, John Hartsock was elected 
mayor, and Moses Shaw, Jesse Anders, William 
Kelley and John N. Weaver, Common Council ; J'ohu 
B. Eppley, secretary and treasurer. In 18S0, John 
Hartsock was elected mayor, and Moses Shaw, Jesse 
Anders, D. Rinehart, aud J. C. Wentz to the Com- 
mon Couticil ; John B. Eppley, secretary and treasurer. 
In April, 1 S80, a new act of incorporation was granted 
by the Legislature, to take effect June 1, 1SS0, when 
under its provisions John N. Weaver was elected a 
member of the Common Council, making live in that 
body. In 1881, D. Rinehart was elected mayor, and 
Jesse Anders, P. B. Meyers, J. C. Wentz, and E. 0. 
Mannakee were chosen as the Common Council ; John 
B. Eppley, secretary and treasurer. Jesse- Anders and 
P. B. Meyers refused to qualify, and a new election 
was called, resulting in tl.e selection of C. F. Beck, 



Thomas Grumbine, and E. W. Leeds, who compose 
the present Council. 

Strawbridge Methodin Episcopal Church was formed 
under the supervision of Rev. Thomas Sheer. A few 
years prior to 1SCS they held their services in the 
public school-house until the erection of their church, 
which occurred in 1SGS. The church was named in 
honor of Robert Strawbridge, one of the pioneer 
Methodists of the county, and is a very neat frame 
structure, capable of holding about four or five hun- 
dred people. Rev. Thomas Sheer was succeeded by 
Rev. Montgomery, who was followed by Rev. William 
Ferguson in the year 1870. Mr. Ferguson occupied 
the pulpit only for one year, when the Rev. C. D. 
Smith was chosen as pastor. He remained in charge 
cf the congregation until 1872, when he was suc- 
ceeded by Rev. Reuben Kolb, whose pastorate expired 
in 1874. Rev. Edwin Koontz was the next pastor, 
and served in that position for three years, and was 
succeeded by Rev. J. J. Sargent until 1881, when 
their present pastor, the Rev. Wright, took charge. 

The present trustees of the church are Edward 
Kelly, A. L. Beard, Joseph F. Snavely, E.Ingleman, 
Jesse T. Cleary, David Ogle, Dr. J. McK. Norris. 

Steward, Edin Ingleman ; Leader of Class and 
Exhorter. Jos. F. Suavely. 

The church numbers about thirty-eight members, 
and it formerly belonged to the New Windsor charge, 
but is .now in the Liuganore Circuit. A very pros- 
perous Sunday-school, numbering about one hundred 
and sixty members, is under the control of the church. 

Through the united efforts of Capt. Isaiah Light- 
ner and James M. Hollenberger, "a dispensation was 
granted to Plymouth Lodge, No. 143, A. F. A. M., 
on Jan. 12, 1809. On that date an organization was 
effected, the lodge working uudcr the charge of A. T. 
Geatty, W. M. ; Isaiah Lightner, S. W. ; John J. 
Dorr, J. W. ; and D. E. Lucky, S. D. pro tern.; 
A. L. Beard, J. D. pro tern.; J. M. Hollenberger, 
Sec. pro (cm. ; J. T. Hedriek, Treas. pro lem. ; John 
M. Forney, Tyler. 

At a meeting held Feb. 12, 1SG9, the first applica- 
tion for membership was received, the applicant being 
Ephraim B. Repp. 

February 10th, E. B. Repp was received in the 
lodge and initiated at this meeting. 

March 23d. E. B. Repp was raised to the degree 
of Master Mason. 

On May 10th the charter was granted, empowering 
Isaiah Lightner, W. M. ; J. M. Hollenberger, S. W. ; 
John J. Derr, J. W. D. E. Buckey was elected sec- 
retary, and J. T, Hedriek, treasurer. These officers 
were publicly installed June 30, 18G9, by Brother 

Washington Lod'j 

William II. Moore, of 

: Westminster. 

The officers from De tcmbcr, 1869, to July, 1870, were Isaiah 
| Lightner, W. M. : John J. Derr. S. W. ; A. L. Beard, J. VS.. 
D. E. Buckey, See. ; Abraham Sinner. Treas. During this term 
Mr. Buckey removed from the town, and A. T. Geatty was ap- 
pointed to fill the vacancy. I'roiii July to December, 1870. the 
officers were Isaiah Lightner. W. M.j John J. Derr, S. \V. ; 
John M. Furney, J. W.j A. .- toner. Treas. ; A. Geatty. Pee. 
From December, IS7I), to July, 1-71, Isaac Lightner, \V. M. ; 
K. O. Mannakee, S. W.j J. M. Furney, J. W.j A.Stoner, Sec.j 
John D. Myers. Treas. From July to December, 1-71. the nfli- 

Isaiah Ligh 

M.; E. O. Mannakee, S. \V. 

C. Kimball, J. W. : A. Ston