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J. H. BEERS & CO. 







soldier, banker, and for many years president 
of various corporate institutions of York, was 
born at Flushing, Long Island, Nov. 26, 1843. 
He is the son of Henry and Angeline (Miller) 
Lanius. His father's ancestors were prominent 
in the history of the Moravian Church and 
were among the earliest German settlers west 
of the Susquehanna. For several generations 
they were active and influential in the affairs 
of the city and county of York, of which Cap- 
tain Lanius has been one of the foremost citi- 
zens for nearly a third of a century. During 
the rapid growth and development of York in 
recent years he has lent his varied accomplish- 
ments and best energies to advancing every 
cause and enterprise intended to promote the 
public good, and develop the resources and the 
possibilities of the city of York. His mother's 
ancestors were of English and French Hugue- 
not descent, and first settled in the State of 
New York, residing on Long Island. 

Captain Lanius grew to manhood in the 
borough of York. He obtained his early edu- 
cation in the private schools of York and then 
entered the York County Academy, where 
he excelled as a student, acquiring a compre- 
hensive knowledge of the English branches 
of an education, and also pursued the study of 
the classics. He spent several years in this 
institution, during which time he took an active 
part in debating societies then existing in the 
academy and the town of York. At the age 
of seventeen he entered the ofifice of his father, 
a prominent lumber merchant at York and 

He was seventeen years old when the Civil 
war opened. The enlistment of soldiers and 
the movement of troops to the front during the 
early months of the war aroused his military 
ardor, and he then resolved to offer his services 
to his country, to aid in defending it when it 

was threatened with disunion. Different com" 
panics were being recruited in the town and 
throughout the county. Drums were beating 
in the streets, recruiting offices were opened at 
various places in the town, and on Aug. 25,, 
1 86 1, William H. Lanius became a private in: 
Company A (commanded by Capt. James A. 
Stable), of the 87th Regiment, Pennsylvania 
Volunteers, organized at York under command! 
of Col. George Hay, with John W. Schall as- 
lieutenant-colonel. Soon after his enlistment 
Private Lanius was promoted to orderly ser- 
geant of Company I, which had been largely • 
recruited at New Oxford and vicinity, im 
Adams county. Sergeant Lanius served with; 
his company and regiment on the marches over 
the mountains and through the valleys of West: 
Virginia with the purpose of driving the Con- 
federates from that region. After the close 
of the winter encampment at Winchester, Va., 
he was promoted to second lieutenant of his 
company, being then the youngest commis- 
sioned officer of the regirhent. Up to this 
period the 87th had had a romantic career, but 
had not taken part in any engagements. Their 
real experience as soldiers began on June 12^ 
1863, in a lively affair at Newtown^ near Win- 
chester, where the regiment distinguished itself 
for courage in a sharp conflict with the enemy. 
The 87th at this time was in Milroy's com- 
mand. The defeat of the Union army at 
Chancellorsville induced General Lee to march 
northward on the eventful Gettysburg cam- 
paign. In the attack upon Milroy's forces at 
Carter's Woods, a few miles east of Win- 
chester, Lieutenant Lanius led his men in line 
of battle almost to the enemy's guns. Being 
overpowered by the large number of the oppos- 
ing forces, Milroy's Division was driven back,. 
and Lieutenant Lanius marched with that part 
of the regiment under Colonel Schall that 
reached Harper's Ferry. While stationed at 


this post, he acted as adjutant of the regiment, 
-which aftei- the battle of Gettysburg was 
placed in the 3d Brigade, 3d Division, 3d Army 
Corps. During the summer and fall of 1863, 
Lieutenant Lanius participated with his com- 
mand in the engagements at Manassas Gap, 
July 23d; Bealton Station, Oct. 26th; Kelly's 
Ford, Nov. 7th; and Brandy Station, Nov. 
■8th. During the absence of Captain Pfeiffer 
on division staff. Lieutenant Lanius com- 
manded Company I in the engagement at 
Locust Grove, on Nov. 27th. He was also in 
command of his company when the 3d Divi- 
sion was to lead the assault on the Confederate 
works at Mine Run, Nov. 30th, but owing to 
the impregnable position of the enemy the as- 
sault was not made. On Dec. 7th, while in 
\winter quarters at Brandy Station, Va., he was 
promoted to first lieutenant, succeeding An- 
thony M. Martin, who had been made adjutant. 
When General Morris was wounded, on May 
9, 1864, at Spottsylvania, and Colonel Schall 
succeeded to the command of the ist Brigade, 
3d Division, 6th Army Corps, in which the 
87th was then serving. Lieutenant Lanius was 
placed on the brigade staff as an aide. When 
Colonel Truex, the senior officer, assumed 
•command of the ist Brigade, he was continued 
on the latter's staff, and was with the regiment 
and brigade in all the engagements of Grant's 
campaign of 1864, in the movement of the 
army from the Rapidan to Petersburg, includ- 
ing the battles of the Wilderness, Spottsyl- 
vania, Laurel Hill, Po River, North Anna, 
Tolopotomy, Cold Harbor and Weldon Rail- 
road. He carried the orders along the line for 
the movement of the ist Brigade, at the open- 
ing charge on the enemy's works at Cold Har- 
"bor, June ist. When Captain Pfeiffer was 
killed at Cold Harbor he was commissioned 
captain of Company I, on June 25th, still re- 
taining his position as an aide on brigade staff. 
During the summer of 1864, when Grant 
was laying siege to Petersburg and was threat- 
ening Richmond, the capital of the Con- 
federacy, Ricketts's Division of the 6th Army 
Corps, in which the ist Brigade served, was de- 
tached from the main army under Grant and 
sent to Frederick, Md., to meet a Confederate 
army of nearly twenty-three thousand men, 
under General Early, who was then threaten- 
ing Washington City. While leading the 
charge at Cold Harbor Colonel Schall had been 
wounded. The regiment was then placed in 

command of Lieut.-Col. James A. Stable. At 
the battle of Monocacy, near Frederick, on Jvily 
9th, this regiment fought with heroic valor. 
Captain Lanius, in this battle, was serving on 
the staff of Colonel Truex, commanding the 
1st Brigade, and was entrusted with the duty 
of carrying dispatches for the movement of 
the troops into the fight. It was a hard-fought 
battle, in which Captain Lanius displayed both 
courage and daring. 

"In the afternoon of that day," says 
Colonel Stable in a description of the battle, 
"when the Confederates were reforming their 
line in a woods in our front, with the intention 
of turning our left. Captain Lanius came rid- 
ing gallantly along our lines, bringing an order 
from Gen. Lew Wallace for the 87th Pennsyl- 
vania and the 14th New Jersey to charge across 
a field, and take position by the Thomas 
House."' This charge was successfully exe- 
cuted, but soon afterward Captain Lanius, 
while passing through a shower of balls, was 
wounded in the arm, which disabled him for 
about two months, when he returned to the 
regiment, then under Sheridan in the Shenan- 
doah Valley, and took command of Company 
I, participating with it in the battles of 
Opequon and Fishers Hill. 

The three years' term of service for which 
he enlisted had now expired. He then re- 
turned wntli the regiment and was mustered 
out of service, at York, Oct. 13, 1864. After 
Captain Lanius had received his discharge 
from the army he was appointed an agent for 
a special bureau of the United States Treasury 
Department to receive and dispose of captured, 
abandoned and confiscated property. On Nov. 
1st he began the performance of his duties by 
collecting rents on abandoned properties at 
Harper's Ferry, W. Va. After remaining 
there a short time he opened an office at Win- 
chester, where all persons living within the 
Union lines who desired to purchase supplies 
at government trade stores were required to 
get permits. After the permits had been 
granted individuals receiving them procured 
the supplies at the trade stores and obtained 
duplicate bills on which, when approved by the 
post provost marshal, the purchaser paid three 
per cent, of the face of the bill at the govei"n- 
ment office of Captain Lanius. He performed 
these responsible duties at Winchester until 
March, 1865, when he was appointed to a posi- 
tion in the Baltimore custom house, where he 


remained about one month, when he resigned 
and returned to his home in York. 

Captain Lanius now entered upon his pros- 
perous business career, engaging in the lumber 
trade at York, which he continued for a period 
of seven years. From 1871 to 1878 he carried 
on the same business at Wrightsvihe, and from 
1880 to 1886 he conducted a large wholesale 
lumber business at Williamsport. In 1884 he 
organized the West End Improvement Com- 
pany, a land company that opened up and de- 
veloped the western part of York. In Decem- 
ber, 1888, he was chosen president of the 
Baltimore and Harrisburg Railway (Eastern 
Extension), a line built from York to Porters 
and later controlled by the Western Maryland. 
This railroad when opened for traffic in 1893 
gave an important impetus to the growth and 
development of York. It was a competing line 
to Baltimore. The time of its completion dates 
a new era in the business and manufacturing 
interests of the city. A large number of in- 
dustrial plants were at once established in 
York, and the financial institutions and the 
business interests began to grow rapidly. Cap- 
tain Lanius remained as the president of the 
railroad from 1888 until 1906. Feeling the 
necessity for rapid transit in York about the 
time it was to be incorporated into a city. Cap- 
tain Lanius organized the York Street Rail- 
way Compan3^ of which he served as president 
and the active head until the various lines were 
constructed through the leading streets of the 
city. This project met with so much encour- 
agement that in 1900 the York County Trac- 
tion Compan}' was organized, which extended 
trolley lines to various centers of population in 
York county. He remained as the active pro- 
moter and head of this enterprising company 
until 1906, when its interests were disposed 
of to other parties. 

Captain Lanius has been president of the 
'York Trust Company since it was organized 
through his efiforts in 1890. This institution 
has done a large and prosperous business. He 
Avas the first president of the York Board of 
Trade, in 1886, and is a trustee of the York 
County Academy. He was one of the charter 
members of the York County Historical So- 
ciety and has always lent his best efforts in 
promoting the welfare of that institution, of 
which he is vice-president, a trustee and a life 
member. In 1867 he was one of the charter 
members, and became the first commander, of 

Sedgwick Post, No. 37, G. A. R., at York, and 
was its representative a number of times at 
State and National encampments. He is a 
member of the Loyal Legion and of the 
Masonic Fraternity. In 1866, when he was 
twenty-twO' years old. Captain Lanius organ- 
ized the Boys in Blue at York. He represented 
this organization at the State Convention held 
in Pittsburg the same year. In that year 
also Gen. John W. Geary was nominated by 
the Republican party for governor of Pennsyl- 
vania. The State campaign opened at York 
by a parade of the Boys in Blue from Harris- 
burg, Carlisle, Lancaster, Reading and York. 
After the parade a public meeting was held in 
Baumgardner's woods, a short distance south- 
east of the city. This meeting was presided 
over by Captain Lanius and addressed by Gen- 
eral Geary, Governor Curtin and other dis- 
tinguished men. Four thousand persons were 
fed at a table in the form of a hollow square. 
It was the largest political meeting ever held 
in York county. For eight years Captain 
Lanius served in the borough and city councils 
of York. In 1884 he was a delegate to the Re- 
publican National Convention which nominated 
James G. Blaine for President of the United 

Captain Lanius is a descendant of a sturdy 
and honorable German stock. His first Amer- 
ican ancestor came to this country and settled 
in eastern Pennsylvania about the 3^ear 1731. 
This ancestor was Jacob Lanius, who was born 
at Meckenheim, in the Palatinate, Germany, 
May 12, 1708. He married June 13, 1730, 
Julianna Kreamer, who was born in Eisen- 
heim Jan. 2, 1712, and in 1731 came to Phila- 
delphia by way of Rotterdam, in the ship 
"Pennsylvania Merchant." Afterward he re- 
moved to Kreutz Creek, where his name is 
found among the taxables of Hellam township 
as possessed of 150 acres of land. In 1763 he 
removed to York, although, together with his 
wife, he had been, from 1752, connected with 
the Moravian Church, and his name appears 
in the lengthy document in Latin deposited in 
the cornerstone of the first church built in 
York in 1755. He died in York, March i, 
1778. Henry, his fifth child, continued to 
live in Hellam township, where he died Sept. 
It, 1808. He also was connected with the 
Moi-avian Church in York. His brother. Will- 
iam, came to York with his father and formed 
part of the guard that escorted the Continental 


Congress on its return to Philadelphia, June 
27, 1778. Christian, the first child of Henry 
by his second wife, Elizabeth Kuenzly, of Mt. 
Jo}^, was born at Kreutz Creek Sept. 16, 1773, 
and baptized in the Moravian Church. He was 
a wagonmaker by trade and resided in York, 
where by industi-y and thrift, combined with 
good business judgment, he accumulated con- 
siderable property and was highly respected 
as a public-spirited citizen. He was prominent 
in the movement in 18 15 to introduce water 
into the borough and was one of the first board 
of nine managers that met March 18, 181 6, 
for that purpose. In 1837 he was one of the 
organizers of the movement for the founding 
of the York County Savings Institution, now 
the York County National Bank, and was 
elected its first president, but declined to serve 
in that position. He was married Sept. 17, 
1797, to Anna, daughter of Jacob and Barbara 
Von Updegraff, born in York March 16, 1774. 
They had eight children who reached mature 
age : Elizabeth, wife of Michael Smyser ; Susan 
A.,' wife of Jacob Weiser; Benjamin; Amelia, 
wife of John Fahnestock; Sarah, wife of 
Henry Kauffelt; Henry; Magdalen, wife of 
William D. Himes; and Eleanora, wife of E. 
C. Parkhurst. 

Henry Lanius, father of Captain Lanius, 
was born Sept. 20, 1809, at York, and died 
June 26, 1879. Fc>r many years he was a 
prominent lumber merchant at York and 
Wrightsville, which business he continued 
until 1 87 1, when he retired. Early in life he 
belonged to the Whig party and in 1856 be- 
came one of the original Republicans in York 
county. He took an active part in the public 
affairs of the borough and served as chief 
burgess of York in i860 and 1861, during the 
stirring times at the beginning of the Civil 
war. When the Columbia bridge was burned, 
June 28, 1863, by the Union forces, to pre- 
vent the Confederates from crossing the river, 
the entire lumberyard of Henry Lanius at 
Wrightsville was destroyed. It was a heavy 
loss, from which he never recovered anything 
from the United States government. Mr. 
Lanius served several years as a member of the 
school board of York. He was a consistent 
member of the Moravian Church and possessed 
many excellent qualities of mind and heart. 
He married Angeline Miller, by whom he had 
ten children, eight of whom grew to maturity : 
Marcus C, deceased; Anna L., deceased. 

widow of Thomas Myers; Captain William 
Henry; Ellen A.; Rev. Charles C, deceased, 
late principal of the Moravian school at Naza- 
reth, Pa. ; Sarah F. ; Paul, a resident of Den- 
ver, Colo. ; and Susan H., deceased. 

president of the A. B. Farquhar Company, of 
York, is not only prominent as the head of an 
important manufacturing concern, but also as 
a writer of distinctive ability on economic 
questions. He is a citizen of whom Pennsyl- 
vania has every reason to be proud. It is un- 
usual for the characteristics found in Mr. Far- 
quhar to be combined in one personality. The 
man of mechanical taste and practical experi- 
ence often rises to a position of eminence in the 
manufacturing world. The man of theories, 
not blinded by the fear of risking the success 
of his own enterprises, may conceive fair- 
minded plans for the wise administration of 
business affairs; but the man who has the me- 
chanical and business ability to make a success 
in a commercial way, and the habits of study 
which lead him into the questions of public 
economy involved, is rare indeed. As in Mr. 
Farquhar' s case, his opinions are not listened 
to indulgently, or accepted grudgingly. They 
are looked wpon as authoritative, and as such 
are influential in guiding the actions of those 
into whose hands the reins of public adminis- 
tration have fallen. Mr. Farquhar has been 
characterized in a recent interview of his 
career as "a man of distinctive and forceful in- 
dividuality; of broad mentality and most ma- 
ture judgment, who has left and is leaving his 
impress upon the industrial world, while his 
study of economic questions and matters of 
public polity has been so close, practical, and 
comprehensive that his judgment is relied 
upon, and his utterances have weight in those 
circles where the material progress of the 
Union is centered, as well as among those who 
guide the destinies of the nation." 

The following- sketch of Mr. Farquhar has 
been for the most part compiled from an 
article in "Illustrated American Biography" : 

Arthur B. Farquhar is of Scotch, English 
and German ancestry, whose history has been 
long and prominently identified with the his- 
tory of the section of America in which its 
members are found. On the paternal side his 
first American ancestor was William F. Far- 
quhar, his great-great-great-grandfather, who 



emigrated hither from Scotland about the year 
1700, being accompanied by a number of re- 
ligious refugees who sought in the New World 
freedom of thought and an opportunity to bet- 
ter their condition in life. The little band of 
■emigrants settled in Frederick county, Md. 
The Farquhar family had been prominent in 
Scotland, song and story telling of the deeds 
of the noble chiefs of the Clan Farquhar. 

In the maternal line Mr. Farquhar traces 
his ancestry back to Robert Brook, of the 
liouse of Warwick, who was born in the year 
1602, and married Mary Baker, daughter of 
Roger Mainwaring, Dean of Worcester. In 
1650 Robert Brook emigrated to America, 
accompanied by his wife and their ten children 
and by a retinue of twenty-eight servants. He 
took up his abode in Charles county, Md., and 
that he was a man of prominence and influence 
in the Colony is manifest from the fact that 
he was made commandant of Maryland, and 
eventually president of the Council of Mary- 
land. His children and grandchildren settled 
in what is now known as Montgomery county, 
that State, whence their descendants have be- 
come scattered throughout the various States 
■of the Union. 

Amos Farquhar, grandfather of Arthur 
B., -removed in 1812 to York county. Pa., 
where he erected a cotton factory, conducting 
the enterprise with a due measure of success 
until after the close of the war with England, 
when its prosperity abruptly declined, and he 
thereafter turned his attention to farming and 
school teaching. 

William Henry Farquhar, father of Arthur 
B., was bom at York, Pa., June 14, 1813. He 
was a learned man, a student from childhood, 
teing a thorough and well advanced Latin and 
Greek scholar at the age of thirteen years. 
Though he was a man of fine literary attain- 
ments, his intellectuality did not confine itself 
to the classics and allied lines, for he became 
a mathematician of high reputation. At an 
early age he accompanied his father to Mont- 
gomery county, Md., where they established 
a seminary for young women, the institution 
gaining marked prestige in the educational 
field of the State. 

Arthur B. Farquhar was born in Mont- 
gomery county, Md., Sept. 28, 1838, and his 
early educational training was received in 
Benjamin Hallowell's select school for boys, 
at Alexandria, Va. His father had become 

connected with agricultural pursuits, and after 
leaving school Arthur B. acted as manager of 
the paternal farmstead for the period of one 
year. However, he had early manifested a 
predilection for mechanics, in. which his father 
wisely encouraged him, affording him every 
possible advantage for improving his practical 
mechanical education. The young man was 
alert and self-reliant, and he has consistently 
maintained the highest respect and regard for 
the dignity of honest toil and for those who 
devote themselves to it. His practical mind 
showed him that success depends upon the 
thorough mastering of even the simplest de- 
tails of any business or mechanical art, and 
that "here is the master key : skilled hands and 
industry." Thus he was content to begin at 
the bottom round, and in 1856 he came to 
York, Pa., to learn the machinist's trade. Here 
he has remained ever since, and the record of 
his brilliant achievements makes a worthy page 
in the history of the city of his adoption. 

At the expiration of two years he secured 
a partnership interest in the establishment in 
which he had labored so effectively and with 
such marked enthusiasm. The concern pros- 
pered until the dark cloud of civil war ob- 
scured the national horizon, depressing all 
lines of commercial activity, at which critical 
period the business of the firm flagged apprecia- 
bly, and a further loss, by a disastrous fire, 
practically completed the overthrow of the en- 
terprise. The assets were barely sufficient to 
render possible the payment of twenty-five 
cents on the dollar in liquidating the indebted- 
ness, and to one of Mr. Farquhar's principles 
such a settlement was more a matter of per- 
sonal grief than the loss of his own accumula- 
tions. His first ambition was to seek some 
means of retrieving his stranded fortunes and 
re-establishing his capital. To this end he con- 
ferred with his creditors and persuaded them 
to effect a radically different settlement, by 
which he could resume his business operations, 
and by careful management and well-directed 
efforts he was enabled, at the expiration of 
three years, to liquidate his obligations in 

From this period the record of the growth 
and expansion of the business, until it de- 
veloped into the present magnificent industry 
of the A. B. Farquhar Company, is one of 
progress. The successful management of an 
enterprise of such magnitude is indubitable 


evidence of Air. Farquhar's capacity for af- 
fairs of breadth, and his own standing testifies 
to his uns\verving lionor as a man among men. 
The enterprise had its inception in a modest 
estabHshment, a .small frame shop, in whicli 
emplo}-ment was afforded to a few workmen. 
In 1889 the A. B. Farquhar Company, Lim- 
ited, was organized and dul)' incorporated, 
with a capital stock of $500,000, all of which 
stock is owned by the Farquhar family. Of 
this company, whose constantly increasing 
business has now reached an annual aggregate 
of more than one million dollars, Arthur B. 
Farc[uhar is president, and to him is due in a 
large measure the wonderful success of the 
business. The products of the establishment 
not only find sale in the most diverse sections 
of the Union, but are also exported to the 
Argentine Confederation, Brazil, Chili and 
South Africa, and to Mexico and Russia, 
where the concern has a large trade — prac- 
tically to all parts of the civilized world. 

Mr. Farquhar has shown the value of 
actual familiarity with every detail of manu- 
facturing and has displayed especial wisdom 
in furthering the success of the enterprise by 
his careful discrimination in the selection of 
foremen for the various departments of the 
establishment, all being men who are masters 
of the various mechanical operations con- 
ducted under their superintendency. The 
characteristic motto of the concern is : "Per- 
fection attained, success assured." This has 
been adhered to in the smallest details, and its 
promises of cause and effect fully realized. 

From the time of Mr. Farquhar's removal 
to York his name has always been synonymous 
with progress, and the present conspicuous 
position the place holds as a manufacturing 
center is in no small degree owing to his efforts 
in the line of general progress, to which he 
may be said to have devoted as much time as 
he has to the furthering of his personal inter- 
ests. For though a thorough business man, 
Mr. Farquhar is best known throughout the 
nation and among the statesmen of foreign 
lands as a student of and authority upon ques- 
tions of political economy, with special refer- 
ence to finance and tariff legislation. Perhaps 
this has been the result of intimate association 
with business affairs upon a man of his tenden- 
cies. At any rate, with a mind thoroughly 
practical and well disciplined, and evidencing 
highest intellectuality, he has brought his 

forces to bear upon the great economic ques- 
tions of the day, and as a cogent and forceful 
writer upon such topics has gained the atten- 
tion of thinking minds throughout the world. 
He has established his points by well-taken 
tenets, enforced by wide and discriminating 
observations, careful study of minute details 
and cognizance of statistical values. His essays 
along these lines have been published in the 
New York and Philadelphia papers, Boston 
papers and magazines, and have commanded 
pronounced recognition for their wisdom and 
freedom from partisan bias, while his pamph- 
lets on finance — notably the silver question — - 
have been circulated by the thousands. On 
Feb. 14, 1890, in response to a request from the 
Reform Club of New York City, Mr. Far- 
quhar delivered an address upon the great 
economic question of the day, and subsequently 
this was embodied in a publication of nearly 
five hundred pages, bearing the title of "Eco- 
nomic and Industrial Delusions," the same be- 
ing a discussion of the case for protection. 
The titles of the several chapters give an idea 
of the scope of the work : The Case for Pro- 
tection Examined, Abuse of Party Allegiance, 
Balance of Trade and Currency Supply, Pa- 
ternal Governments and Industrial Progress, 
Foreign Countries as Commercial Rivals, 
Prices versus Wages, the Home Market, the 
Ideal Revenue with Incidental Protection, Pro- 
tection and Agriculture, Special Discussions, 
the Silver Question. In the compilation of 
this most meritorious work, Mr. Farquhar 
had as an able collaborator his brother, Henry 
Farquhar, and the book is considered in the 
light of an authority upon the various topics 
touched, bearing the unmistakable mark of 
patient study, careful research and wide 
knowledge, and showing the spirit of utmost 
fairness, while voicing honest convictions 
ably guarded against attack. In this publica- 
tion Mr. Farquhar clearly elucidates the ills 
that would arise from the free coinage of sil- 
ver and from a high protective tariff, demon- 
strating that the first would unsettle the finan- 
cial stability of the country, and that the latter 
stands as a barrier to the exchange of the 
manufactured goods of our workshops. 

Mr. Farquhar's distinctive individuality is 
nowhere more apparent than in the matter of 
his political proclivities, since he exercises his 
franchise not according to the regulation party 
lines, but as his judgment dictates. He was 

s H 

S ^ 

2: z 


a strong supporter of President Cleveland, 
whose administration he considered an honest 
one, tending to conserve the best interests of 
the nation. At previous elections he had sup- 
ported Lincoln, Blaine and Garfield. 

In 1892 Mr. Farquhar was nominated, by 
Hon. Robert E. Pattison, then governor of 
the State of Pennsylvania, as one of the State 
commissioners to represent the old Keystone 
Commonwealth at the World's Columbian Ex- 
position held in Chicago in 1893. At the meet- 
ing of the State commissioners he was elected 
executive commissioner, and later was still 
further honored in being chosen president of 
the National Association of Executive Com- 
missioners, representing all the States. He 
visited Europe about this time, acting under 
a commission from the government, and there 
rendered valuable service in the interests of 
the World's Fair. 

In January, 1897, Mr. Farquhar was ap- 
pointed by Gov. Hastings as delegate from 
Pennsylvania to the Coast Defence Convention 
called by the governor of Florida to meet at 
Tampa, that State, and over which Gen. J. M. 
Schofield presided. On that occasion Mr. 
Farquhar delivered a very able address, whose 
lofty sentiment and broad humanitarian princi- 
ples impressed his audience deeply. Mr. Far- 
quhar is a member of the American Peace 
Congress and of the World's Peace Congress, 
and in this connection has made addresses 
which have attracted world-wide attention, 
notably at the great Peace gatherings held at 
Washington, D. C, Boston and Mohonk Lake. 
He belongs to almost every Reform Society 
in America, being an active member of at least 
twenty such bodies. He is also a member of 
the world-famous Cobden Club of England. 
No man in York county is more widely known 
or more highly esteemed at home and abroad. 

From the foregoing it will be seen that 
Mr. Farquhar is not limited by his business 
interests — they, if anything, widened his out- 
look and strengthened his position on other 
subjects. He ranks deservedly among the 
distinguished and successful men of the 
nation, yet he never loses sight of matters per- 
taining to the welfare of the city of his resi- 
dence, and has done much to further its prog- 
ress and material prosperity. He is a mem- 
ber of the Board of Trade; a director in the 
York Trust, Real Estate & Deposit Company ; 
and was until recently proprietor of the York 

Gazette. He is a director of the Philadelphia 
Museum and president of the York Hospital ; 
vice-president and member of the Executive 
Committee of the National Association of 
Manufacturers ; and a member of the Cosmos 
Club of Washington, D. C. He is also presi- 
dent of the Park Commission, and it was 
through his efforts that York secured her at- 
tractive park system. At the time of the war 
of the Rebellion, when York was invaded by 
Confederate forces, Mr. Farciuhar arranged 
with the commanding officer of the enemy for 
the protection of the town, by payment of a 
comparatively small sum, and not a dollar's 
worth of property was taken. For this timely 
service he received the personal thanks of 
President Lincoln and the Secretary of War, 
Mr. Stanton. 

In person Mr. Farquhar has a physique that 
is typical of strength and vitality, and he de- 
votes the major portion of his time and atten- 
tion to the great industrial concern at whose 
head he stands. In speech he is quick and de- 
cisive, impressing his hearers with the evi- 
dence of his sound judgment and his power of 
instantly comprehending and summing up the 
true values of things, there being no vacillation 
or hesitation in his manner of address. He is 
easily approachable, cordial, and signally free 
from ostentation. Generous and quick in his 
sympathies, he is honored by and holds the af- 
fectionate regard of his employees, while he 
wins friends wherever he goes. Those in his 
employ realize that he has cognizance of true 
manhood and that he feels a deep interest 
in their welfare, ever standing ready to reward 
their faithful service. 

Mr. Farquhar was married, in i860, to Miss 
Elizabeth Jessop, daughter of Edward Jessop, 
who was a leading hardware merchant of Balti- 
more, and president of the Short Mountain and 
the Tunnelton Coal Companies, his country 
seat having been in Spring Garden township, 
York county. To Mr. and Mrs. Farquhar 
three sons have been born, William E., Percival 
and Francis. 

JERE CARL, president of the York Wa- 
ter Company, and a prominent capitalist of 
York, has been variously identified with this 
city for considerably over a quarter of a cen- 
tury, and has done much for its material de- 
velopment and prosperity. Mr. Carl is the only 
surviving child of Martin and Mary (Dear- 



doff) Carl, and his birth occurred in Frankhn 
township, York county, July 21, 1829. 

Martin Carl was born Oct. 17, 1782, and 
was reared and educated in York county, where 
for a number of years he was engaged in mer- 
cantile pursuits. He was a Democrat in poli- 
tics, and usually took an active part in the man- 
.agement of local affairs, holding at different 
times nearly all of the offices in Franklin 
township. He served one term as director 
of the poor for York county. His death oc- 
curred June 29, 1855, his remains being inter- 
red in Prospect Hill cemetery. He had been 
the father of eleven children, all of whom are 
deceased except Jere : Henry ; Martin D'. ; 
Lewis; Jere; Sarah, who married Christian 
Eender, of York; Mary A., who married Pe- 
ter Wolford; Lydia, who married Joshua 
■Green; Elizabeth; Andrew; and two who died 
in infancy. 

Jere Carl was educated in the common 
schools, and was reared to habits of economy 
and thrift. At an early age he became an ap- 
prentice in the office of the York Democratic 
Press, where he learned the trade of printer, 
which, however, he never followed. At the 
close of his apprenticeship Mr. Carl was made 
a. clerk in the store of his brother Lewis, at 
York, and remained with him for seven years. 
On Jan. i, 1853, he secured a clerkship in the 
old York Bank, which he held up to Jan. i, 
1867. In the latter year he formed a partner- 
ship with Charles Weiser and Charles S. 
Weiser, under the firm name of Weiser, Son 
•& Carl, bankers. This firm continued to do a 
private banking business until Jan. i, 1889, 
when their bank was consolidated with the 
York County National Bank, with which insti- 
tution Mr. Carl has remained as an officer and 

Mr. Carl has also turned his attention to 
other business concerns and projects. He has 
been a leading spirit in the advocacy of good 
Toads, and to his efforts is largely due the pres- 
ent meritorious condition of a number of the 
Dest roads in York county. He is president of 
..le York and Gettysburg Turnpike Company, 
treasurer of the York and Chanceford Turn- 
pike Company, and has for some years been 
secretary of the Wrightsville Turnpike Com- 
pany. He is also president of the York Wa- 
ter Company, which erected the splendid new 
system of water works, which is unexcelled by 

anything in the State in utility, effectiveness 
and completeness, and which has a capital 
stock of nearly a million dollars. The water 
works were built with an immense capacity, 
not only providing for present needs, but fu- 
ture contingencies and increased population. 

Mr. Carl was married Jan. 10, 1861, to 
Miss Adeline Weiser, daughter of Charles Wei- 
ser, of York, and to this union three children 
were born : a son, who died in infancy ; Charles, 
who died Feb. 27, 1882 ; and Bella, who mar- 
ried, Nov. 5, 1896, William A. Key worth, 
treasurer of the Martin Carriage Works. Mrs. 
Carl died Feb. 23, 1897. 

Jere Carl has been uniformly active in re- 
ligious matters, and in various philanthropic 
and charitable movements. He is a member 
of St. Paul's Lutheran Church, has been the 
lay representative to the General Synod to that 
church on several occasions, is a member of the 
board of Church Extension and of the church 
council. Mr. Carl is a member of the various 
Masonic bodies, and in his earlier years was 
one of the chief spirits in the organization of 
the various branches. In politics he is a Dem- 
ocrat, and was elected chief burgess of the 
borough of York in 1874, 1876 and 1878, but 
has carefully eschewed partisan politics as an 
office seeker or promoter. 

Mr. Carl is, perhaps, prouder of no con- 
nection in his busy and successful career than 
the part he has taken as a member of the Vol- 
unteer Fire Department of York. He joined 
the Vigilant Fire Co., Oct. 8, 1848, and retired 
as an officer Jan. i, 1904, having been an of- 
ficer of that noted organization for a con- 
tinuous period of fifty years. Mr. Carl is a 
traveled and cultivated gentleman, having vis- 
ited all of the prominent countries of Europe, 
and his intelligent observations while abroad 
form the theme of most interesting conversa- 
tion, Mr. Carl's conversational powers being 
far above the ordinary. 

HON. W. F. BAY STEWART, for ten 
years Judge of the Courts of York county, and 
prominently connected with several mammoth 
enterprises whose scope and influence are as 
far-reaching as the confines of the country, 
has been the architect of his own fortune. Pro- 
fessionally he has attained a high position 
through his sterling integrity and sound judg- 
ment, as well as his erudition; while in the in- 


dustrial and financial world his projects have, 
by their uniform success, shown the master 
mind that conceived and executed them. 

Judge Stewart is of Scotch-Irish extrac- 
tion in both paternal and maternal lines. He 
was born in Chanceford township, York coun- 
ty, Feb. 25, 1849, son of Thomas Roland Stew- 
art. His mother was a daughter of Thomas 
Bay, of Coopstown, Harford Co., Md., who 
for many years was Judge of the Orphans' 
Court of Harford county, and who commanded 
an artillery company at the battle of North 

Judge Stewart secured a good English 
■education, both classical and scientific, and has 
always been a close student, particularly in 
the realm of abstruse thought and speculative 
philosophy. He attended the public schools 
until seventeen years of age, and later was a 
student of Pleasant Grove Academy, in Lower 
Chanceford, and afterward in the historic 
York County Academy, at York. He received 
the honorary degree of A. M. from Ursinus 
College. After leaving school he taught in the 
public schools two years and then in the York 
County Academy — the same institution in 
which Thaddeus Stevens once taught. Early 
in his career he determined upon a professional 
life, and when he gave up teaching it was to 
-enter upon the study of law with Col. Levi 
Maish, who \vas afterward a member of Con- 
.gress from the York-Adams and Cumberland 
district. He was admitted to the Bar Nov. 3, 
1873, ^nd two years later he formed a partner- 
ship with John Blackford, then district at- 
torney of the county, and a leading lawyer of 
the York Bar. This partnership continued un- 
interruptedly until Mr. Blackford's death, in 
1884. On Oct. I, 1884, Judge Stewart entered 
into a partnership with Henry C. Niles and 
George E. Neff, and this was terminated only 
with the elevation of Judge Stewart to the 
Bench in 1895. It was but a short time after 
lie began practice that he found himself in the 
front rank of the legal practitioners. Lawyers 
grown old in experience looked with favor on 
this young man, whom learning and natural 
.ability had made "a foeman worthy of their 
«teel." Quick to grasp details, prompt in exe- 
cution, gifted with keen insight into legal prin- 
ciples, he was bound to win prominent place in 
whatever career he chose. In 1895 came to 
him, unsolicited, the nomination of the party 
for the judgeship, and although he declined to 
anake a personal canvass to secure the election 

he won by a large majority over his competitor, 
who was just completing a ten years' term on 
the Bench. 

Judge Stewart has always been a busy 
man. While giving much care and study to 
the profession he adorns, he has shown great 
activity in other lines. He has always taken 
a deep interest in economics and finance and 
at the time he was elected Judge he was presi- 
dent of the Security Title & Trust Company, 
which he assisted in organizing, and which is 
now one of the leading financial institutions- 
of the city. At the same time he was interested 
in many corporations, in nearly all of which 
he was a chief promoter, and all of which have 
been exceptionally prosperous. From 1883 to 
April I, 1894, Judge Stewart had been en- 
gaged in the foundry, machine and tanning 
business as a partner of the firm of Baugher, 
Kurtz & Stewart, composed of William H. 
Kurtz, a local capitalist and himself. Mr. 
Kurtz had no practical knowledge of the busi- 
ness, and. at the time the enterprise was started 
Judge Stewart had still less, but the latter 
applied himself closely to learn the details, 
and by his business sagacity soon made it one 
of the largest and most successful industries 
of the city, employing large numbers of men. 
At a time when there was a disagreement 
among the ofiicers of the York Card & Paper 
Company, manufacturers of wall paper, he 
took hold of the business, became its presi- 
dent, and has made it one of the largest plants 
of its kind in the world. 

In addition to the industrial concerns al- 
ready referred to above, Judge Stewart was 
instrumental in the establishing, in 1889, of 
the York Knitting Mills Company, of which 
he is president. In 1900 he also established 
and organized the Norway Iron & Steel Com- 
pany, and is its president. Judge Stewart was 
one of the two organizers of the York Haven 
Water & Power Company, being vice-presi- 
dent of the same, with Henry L. Carter as 
president — these two being the principal own- 
ers. The placing of all the bonds of this great 
project by Judge Stewart at a time when work 
had not been begun was regarded in the finan- 
cial world as evidence of unusual ability in this 
line, and established his reputation as a 
financier of high order. Among other interests 
of the Judge may be mentioned the York 
Haven Paper Company; and the York County 
Traction Company — he and Grier Hersh, to- 
gether with Cap't. W. H. Lanius, having 


brought about the consoHdation of the two elec- 
tric Hght companies, the steam heating com- 
pany and a dozen or more electric railway 
companies, in all of which Judge Stewart was 
a director. His interest in the Security Title 
& Trust Company did not begin and end with 
his official position, but he was the president 
of the company at the time of building the 
elegant structure which that company owns 
and occupies. 

The enterprises named have all been con- 
fined to York county, but beyond the borders 
of his home Judge Stewart has set on foot 
several companies that will play a prominent 
part in the development of Alaska. He was 
one of the chief organizers and is president 
of the Valdez-Yukon Railway Company, now 
building a railroad from Valdez, in Alaska, 
through the Capper river country to the Yukon 
river, a distance of 412 miles. It certainly 
would require a large volume to tell intelli- 
gently of all the industrial and financial con- 
cerns in which he is interested. The mind that 
can conceive and execute so many great and 
varied enterprises is beyond the conception of 
the average man, however much may be appre- 
ciated the upright character that has accom- 
plished so much, and even in the fierce lime- 
light beating on the holder of exalted station he 
can show an unblemished honor and untar- 
nished reputation. 

Judge Stewart was married to Laura E. 
Danner, daughter of the late Edward Banner, 
one of York's wealthiest and best known citi- 
zens. She died Oct. 10, 1900, and her only 
daughter has since presided over the comfort- 
able home on West Market street, York. 

Judge Stewart retired voluntarily from the 
Bench on Jan. i, 1906, after a service of ten 
years thereon. Asserting that it was beneath 
the dignity of his judicial office to enter into 
an active canvass to secure a renomination 
or election, he refused to be an active candi- 
date to succeed himself. He left unspotted the 
judicial ermine which he assumed ten years 
ago, and his declination was received by the 
people generally with sincere and manifest 

MICHAEL B. SPAHR, a retired mer- 
chant and business man of York, Pa., has had 
connection with the commercial interests of 
the city for half a century. During that period 
his operations at times have been extensive, es- 
pecially during the time of the Civil war, and 

he has been at all times a prominent factor in 
business circles. In 1901 he retired from ac- 
tive work, but still retains an interest in some 
of the financial concerns of the city, and takes 
a lively interest in its growing prosperity. 

Born in 1830, in East Berlin, Adams Co., 
Pa., as a boy his first business experience was 
in a country store, where he was employed for 
three or four years. In 1848 he changed his 
residence to York, Pa., to become a student in 
the York County Academy for a short time, 
and there he again accepted a situation as clerk 
in a store where he was employed until 1855. 
At this time he engaged in the wholesale and 
retail notion business, for himself, in a small 
way at first, but as trade increased he kept add- 
ing a greater variety of stock, from time to 
time, in 1858 adding a line of boots and shoes. 
This had never before been attempted in York 
■ — the carrying of a large stock of boots and 
shoes to supply retail stores, and Mr. Spahr 
may justly claim to have been the pioneer 
wholesale boot and shoe merchant of York. 
This line eventually grew to become his prin- 
cipal business. In 1877 he discontinued the 
retail business entirely. From 1884 the busi- 
ness was confined to a single line, the jobbing 
of boots and shoes. In that year the firm of 
M. B. Spahr & Sons was founded — Mr. Spahr 
admitting into the firm his three sons, George 
Walter, Philip B. and Franklin — which was 
continued until 1901. During the forty years 
there were many traveling salesmen employed, 
soliciting orders from samples, the larger part 
of sales being made in this way. The business- 
was located on Centre Square, York. In 1870 
Mr. Spahr purchased the northeast corner of 
Center Square, which was considered the most 
valuable business location in the town, and after 
demolishing the old building he erected the 
most attractive business house in the town at 
that time, known as the Spahr building. It is- 
three stories high, with a handsome mansard 
roof, and for architectural beauty it has not 
been surpassed in the city to this day, although 
it was built thirty-five years ago. It stands as 
a monument to the ability, courage and intelli- 
gent foresight of the builder, anticipating his 
wants for the future, and he still owns the 
property, which is not likely to change hands 
during his lifetime. He now occupies an office 
in the Rupp building, on Center Square, where 
he attends to his private business. 

The following items serve to show how 



long and important has been Mr. Spahr's con- 
nection with the interests of the city : He was a 
charter member of the Farmers National Bank 
of York, and served as director of same con- 
tinuously for thirty years; is one of the two 
oldest living members of the board of trustees 
of the York County Academy (the oldest edu- 
cational institution in York), having served 
thirty-seven years in that capacity ; an ex-presi- 
dent of the York County Historical Society; 
and the oldest living member of the Board of 
Church Extension of the General Synod of the 
Evangelical Lutheran Church in the United 
States, on which he has served twenty-five 
years, being its present vice-president. 

JACOB HAY, M. D., was for over forty 
years engaged in medical practice in the 
borough of York and sur^-ounding country. 
He had an extensive patronage, practically 
succeeding his father in the confidence and 
popular esteem of the community. For the 
long period of over three-quarters of a centui-y 
father and son attended faithfully to the ardu- 
ous duties of the most exacting of professions, 
and with such success that they counted several 
generations of many families among their 
friends and patrons. Both represented that 
class in the profession generally known as 
"family physicians," the doctors on whom pa- 
tients rely so implicitly that their mere pres- 
ence is a comfort in times of sickness or dis- 

The family of Hay is of Scottish origin, 
being descended from Thomas Hay, a hus- 
bandman of Scotland who, with his two sons, 
was working in a field near the battlefield of 
Loncartie, during an invasion of Scotland by 
the Danes in the year 980. Seeing the enemy's 
steady advance he and his two sons rushed to 
the head of the Scottish troops, and with no 
weapons but their ox-yokes succeeded in rally- 
ing the frightened soldiers and at length drove 
the Danes to their ships. As a reward for his 
bravery he was called before the King, Ken- 
neth II, who knighted him, and loosing a fal- 
con, said he would give Hay all the land over 
which the bird should fly, "from sunrise till 
sunset," which comprised a considerable estate 
in the County of Perth. Since that time many 
of the descendants of Thomas Hay have held 
high office in Scotland, notably Gilbert, who 
was a partisan of Robert Bruce, and was con- 

stituted by him Lord High Constable of the 
Kingdom in 1315, for life, "with remainder of 
his heirs forever.'' The present head of the 
house is Charles Gore Hay, LL. D., Earl of 
Errol, Baron Kilmarnock, of Slains Castle, 
Cruxden, Aberdeenshire, Scotland. 

The family has been long represented in 
York county, the first member to settle here 
having been Jacob Hay, who emigrated from 
Scotland in Colonial days and made his home 
in what was then the Province of Pennsyl- 
vania, at York. He became a prominent mer- 
chant, and served as a justice of the peace. 

Dr. Jacob Hay, Sr., son of the emigrant, 
was born in York, and received his early edu- 
cation there. He completed his literary train- 
ing with a course at Princeton College, gradu- 
ating from that institution, and then became a 
student of medicine with the famous Dr. John 
Spangler, in his day so well known all over 
York county. He graduated in medicine at 
the University of Maryland, and afterward lo- 
cated in the city of York for general practice, 
in which he continued actively for fifty five 
years. His standing in his profession was un- 
surpassed by any physician of his day in the city 
or county, and he was equally prominent as an 
enlightened and public-spirited citizen of the 
municipality, ever ready to give of his time 
and means to the furtherance of any good pro- 
ject. Perhaps his intimate association with the 
lives of the people, and his extensive riding 
into different localities in the pursuit of his 
professional work, gave him an insight into the 
needs of the community that few had the op- 
portunity to gain, and the affectionate esteem 
which so many had for him made his influence 
a power to be reckoned with. He took an in- 
terest in everything that pertained to the local 
welfare, served as a trustee of the York 
County Academy and was for a number of 
years president of the York Bank. 

Dr. Hay married Sarah Beard, whose fam- 
ily also settled early in York county, her father, 
George Beard, being one of the first emigrants 
to make a settlement in what is now Spring 
Garden township. The Indians were still on 
his land when he took up his home there, and 
he gave them a pick and sho\-el to gain their 
friendship and strengthen his title to the prop- 
erty. He followed farming and also kept hotel. 
Dr. Hay and his wife both passed away in the 
year 1875, he in April and she in July. They 


were members of the Lutheran Church. Eight 
children were born to them, namely: (i) 
John, who became a successful physician, died 
at the age of forty-two. (2) Mary E., now de- 
ceased, was the widow of Dr. J. A. Brown, 
president of the Lutheran Theological Semi- 
nary, at Gettysburg. (3) Caroline is deceased. 
(4) Lucy, now deceased, was the widow of 
W. H. Davis. (5) Jacob is mentioned below. 
(6) William graduated from Pennsylvania 
College, and was a highly successful lawyer 
and a prominent member of the York Bar un- 
til his death, which occurred at the compara- 
tively early age of forty-seven. He was a man 
of brilliant intellectual gifts and equally high 
character, and had an honored place in tne 
community. He was a Republican Presiden- 
tial elector from his district in 1876. (7) Henry 
and (8) Sarah are deceased. 

Dr. Jacob Hay, Jr., was born in York in 
1833. He received his early education in the 
York County Academy and began reading 
medicine in his father's office, subsequently en- 
tering the Medical Department of the Uni- 
versity of Maryland. He graduated in the 
spring of 1854, and from that time until his 
death, in 1897, was in continuous practice in 
his native place. Dr. Hay will live in the 
memories of many who looked upon him as a 
friend in the truest sense of the word. His 
skill as a physician enabled him to sustain suc- 
cessfully the reputation established by his hon- 
ored father, but his worth as a man counted 
for just as much in his relations with his fel- 
low citizens. He took a deep interest in the 
question of public education, and served a num- 
ber of years as a member of the board of school 
control in York, for several years acting as 
president of that body. He was a prominent 
member of the York County Medical Society, 
of which he served as president, and also held 
membership in the State Medical Society and 
the National Medical Association. Fraternally 
he was a Knight Templar Mason, belonging 
to the York Commandery. His death, which 
occurred Oct. 18, 1897, was widely mourned 
in many circles, and he was laid to rest in 
Prospect Hill cemetery with many marks of 
loving regard. 

In 1865 Dr. Hay was united in marriage 
with Miss Catherine L. E. Smyser, daughter of 
Joseph Smyser, of York. Five children came 
to this union: Sarah (Nellie), who is the wife 

of Francis A. Stevens and lives at Overbrook, 
near Philadelphia; Lucy Kate, wife of Charles 
A. Weeks, residing in Philadelphia; Dr. Jo- 
seph S., a graduate of Harvard, now practicing 
in Boston, Mass.; Katie S., who is at home; 
and Jacob, who has not yet completed his edu- 
cation. Mrs. Hay still resides at the family 
home. No. 141 West Market street, York. 
She and her family belong to the Lutheran 
Church, of which the Doctor v,ras also a mem- 

SMYSER. The Smyser family, to which 
Mrs. Hay belongs, is one of the oldest and most 
prominent in York county. The name was or- 
iginally Schmeisser, which translated means 
"one who throws," and the laurel branch was 
the emblem of the family. The first of whom 
we have record is Martin Schmeisser, a farm- 
er, who became second commanding officer un- 
der Frederick V, and was mortally wounded 
at the battle near Wurtemberg. His last words 
were, "Though all the world is lost, I stand 
firm in my faith." IMenzel's "History of Ger- 
man Warriors."] He was a member of the 
Lutheran Church in the parish of Lustenan. 
Later his wife, Anna Barbara, aged fifty years, 
emigrated to America in the vessel "Brittania," 
Michael Franklin, master, being accompanied 
by her daughter, Margaret, aged twenty years, 
and her two sons, Mathias, aged sixteen, and 
George, aged nine. They sailed from Rotter- 
dam Sept. I, 1 73 1. 

Mathias Schmeisser (i), son of Martin and 
Anna Barbara, was born Feb. 17, 171 5, in the 
\'illage of Rugelbach, belonging to the parish 
of Lustenan, about six miles west of Dinkels- 
buhl, Germany. Dinkelsbuhl is a considerable 
town within a few miles of the boundary of the 
Kingdom of Bavaria. Rugelbach is situated 
within a few miles of the boundary which di- 
vides that Kingdom from that of Bavaria. 
Dinkelsbuhl is nearly in a straight line between 
Stuttgart and Nuremberg, about seventy-five 
miles from the former and sixty miles west- 
southwest from the latter. Mathias Schmeis- 
ser made his first settlement in the neighbor- 
hood of Kreutz Creek, York county, where he 
follower the weaving business, soon afterward 
taking up a large body of land in the vicinity 
of what is now called Spring Forge, in the same 
county. It is said that, anxious to get neigh- 
bors, Mathias made presents of several farms 



from his own tract to such as agreed to im- 
prove and live on them. Whether his brother 
George v^as one of those who received a plan- 
tation from him on the same terms mentioned 
is not certainly known, but it is known that the 
two brothers were neighbors at the above 
named place, and it is said that Mathias, after 
some years' residence there, finding that he had 
parted with the best portion of his land, sold 
out and purchased a tract of about 400 or 500 
acres from a Mr. Henthorn, about three miles 
west of York, to which he removed May 3, 
1745. On this farm he continued to reside un- 
til his death, in 1778. 

George Schmeisser, Mathias' brother, pur- 
chased a farm somewhere between York and 
York Haven, where he resided several years, 
and then, not being pleased with the quality of 
his land, he sold it and removed to the back- 
woods, as the west and southwest country was 
then called, probably to some part of Virginia, 
and nothing from the time of his removal is 
definitely known of him. There are, however, 
Smysers residing in the neighborhood of Louis- 
ville, Ky., and it is thought that they are de- 
scendants of George Smyser, the brother of 

Mathias Schmeisser (i) married Anna 
Wolfgang Copenheaver, who was born June 
5, 1 71 7, and who died Feb. 13, 1763. Her 
funeral was very large, and the following 
hymns were sung: "Lo now I wish you good- 
night," and "Oh, Jesus Christ, The Light of 
my Life." The text of the funeral sermon 
was from Luke X, 41-42. Rev. L. Rous was 
the minister in charge. Mrs. Schmeisser left to 
survive her a husband, three sons and six 
daughters, out of a family of eleven children : 
Col. John Michael; Mathias Jacob; Mathias; 
Maria Dorotha; Sabina; Rosanna; Elizabeth; 
Anna Maria ; and Susan. Those deceased were 
John George; and Daniel, who died young. 
Mathias Schmeisser (i) died April 12, 1778. 

( I ) Col. John Michael Schmeisser, the eld- 
est, was born in 1740, and died in 1810. He 
was long and widely known as a respectable 
farmer and tavern-keeper, the owner of a well- 
cultivated farm of about 200 acres, which was 
cut from a portion of his father's farm, and, 
although not favored with a liberal education, 
was known as a man of discriminating mind 
and sound judgment. He was early associated 
with the leading Revolutionary patriots of the 
country, and marched to the battlefield as cap- 

tain of a company in Col. M. Swope's regi- 
ment, and was one of those who were taken 
prisoner at Fort Washington, on the Hudson, 
near New York, on Nov. 16, 1776. He be- 
came colonel of his regiment, and the sword 
carried by him in the War of Independence 
may now be seen in the York County Histori- 
cal Society's rooms. In 1778 he was elected 
one of the members of the House of Repre- 
sentatives in the State Legislature for York 
county, and from that time until 1790 he was 
seven times chosen to serve in that capacity. 
In 1790 and 1794 he was elected to the State 
Senate, serving until 1798. He left three sons 
and four daughters : Peter, Elizabeth, Sarah, 
Jacob, Mary, Michael and Susan. 

(2) Mathias Jacob Schmeisser, son of Ma- 
thias,. was born in 1742, and died in 1794. He 
was also a respectable farmer . and for some 
years a justice of the peace. In 1789 he was 
elected to the House of Representatives, and 
a few years afterward died at the age of fifty- 
one years. He left children: Henry, Jacobs 
Martin, John, Catherine, Daniel, Peter and 

(3) Mathias Schmeisser (2} (or Smyser), 
the youngest of the three surviving sons, born 
Feb. I, 1744, resided at the mansion home of 
his father, where he quietly pursued the use- 
ful occupation of an agriculturist, laboring 
with his own hands for many years, and main- 
taining in the course of a long life the well 
earned reputation of an honest man of the strict- 
est integrity. In the Revolutionary war he was 
also in the service for some time, not as a sol- 
dier, but as a teamster, conducting a baggage 
wagon, and was throughout a zealous advo- 
cate of the Whig cause. He lived to be over 
eighty-four years old, a greater age, by several 
years, than any of his brothers or sisters at- 

(4) Maria Dorotha, the eldest daughter, 
who married Peter Hoke, left eight children : 
Michael, Clorrissa, Catherine, Peter, Jacob, 
Sarah, Polly and George. 

(5) Sabina married Jacob Swope, and re- 
sided in Lancaster county, where she left five 
sons, Jacob, George, Matthias, Imanuel, Fred- 
erick and two daughters. 

(6) Rosanna married George ]\Ioul and re- 
sided for some years in the town of York, and 
afterward removed to Virginia, with her hus- 
band, locating between Noland's Ferry on the 
Potomac and Leesburg in Loudoun county. 



\vhere she died about 1796 or 1797, leaving 
four daughters and one son, Susan, Catherine, 
PoHy, Peggy and Phihp, Ehzabeth, George 
and Daniel, each having lived to the age of 
twenty years, and Peggy and Philip having 
died since 1806. 

(7) Elizabeth married Leonard Eichel- 
berger, and at the time of her death was re- 
siding near Dillsburg, York county. She left 
four sons, Jacob, Frederick, George and John, 
and four daughters whose names are not 

(8) Anna Maria, born in 1757, died in 
1833. She married Martin Ebert, and left 
George, Martin, Daniel, Adam, Michael, 
Susan, Helena and Anna Mary. 

(9) Susan, the youngest daughter, born in 
1760, died in 1840. She married Philip Ebert, 
and left one son and four daughters to survive 
her : Henry, Elizabeth, Catherine, Lydia, and 
Sarah; her youngest son, Michael, died about 
a year before his mother. He had resided in 
St. Louis, Mo., where he had engaged as a 
merchant. Her second daughter, the wife of 
Henry Small, also died about two years pre- 
vious to her mother's death. 

Thus we have sixty-four grandsons and 
daughters of Mathias Schmeisser the elder, 
nearly all of whom are now living and have 
or have had families. 

In April, 1839, Mathias Smyser (3), grand- 
son of Mathias (i), set out to make a tour 
through a part of Europe. He was then fifty- 
six years old and had spent his past life as a 
farmer in York count}^ The main object of 
his trip to Europe was to visit the birthplace 
of his grandfather. There was nothing in this 
country by which the place of his nativity could 
be traced except the inscription on his tomb- 
stone in the burj'ing ground of the Lutheran 
Church, in the borough of York. Mr. Smyser 
sailed from New York for Havre, France, 
where he arrived in safety. From Havre he 
traveled through the interior of France to 
Geneva ; from Geneva his main route was to 
Lausanne, Berne, Basel, Freiburg, Strassburg, 
Baden, Karlsruhe, Stuttgart, Krailsheim and 
then to Dinkelsbuhl, where he inquired for 
Rugelbach, and found that he was within six 
miles of his destination. This is a small vil- 
lage inhabited by farmers, and in itself is noth- 
ing interesting to a stranger, but to him who 
sought it as being the birthplace of his ances- 
tor, it was a spot of intense interest. When the 

house was pointed out to him, in which his 
grandfather had been born 124 years previous, 
still known by the name of Schmeisser' s house, 
though its present occupants were of another 
name, when he beheld this time-worn, humble 
mansion, when he entered it and felt a con- 
sciousness of being within the same walls, 
probably treading upon the same floor which 
more than a century ago had been trodden by 
his grandfather, his gratification can hardly be 
imagined by us who have not experienced it. 
Mr. Smyser called upon the then pastor of 
the parish, the Reverend Sieskind, and made 
known to him his desire to see his grandfather's 
name on the baptismal register. The reverend 
gentleman opened the ancient book, but 
through age and accident it had become much 
mutilated, and it took hours of patient search 
before the following interesting entry was 
found: "Mathias Schmeisser, born 17th day 
ot February, 171 5, son of Martin Schmeisser 
and his wife. Anna Barbara, was baptized.'' etc. 
This record agrees precisely vvith that on his 
combstone in America. The minister next led 
Mr. Smyser to the church of the parish and 
pointed out to him the taufsteine, assuring him 
that, according to the unvarying custom, be- 
fore that stone, and on that spot, his grand- 
father had been baptized. In the register men- 
tioned above and also in that of a village called 
Dreiber, some miles distant, the name of 
Schmeisser was very often found. Mathias 
Smyser met with a man named Andrew 
Schmeisser at or near Mosbach, who was sixty- 
seven years of age, with whom he was greatly 
pleased, seeing in him a strong resemblance to 
his own father, especially when the latter was 
about the same age. They may have been sec- 
ond cousins, although Andrew Schmeisser had 
no recollection of hearing that a Mathias 
Schmeisser had emigrated to America. 

Mathias Schmeisser (i), and his brother 
George, were among the original members of 
Christ Lutheran Church, of York, the first Lu- 
theran congregation organized in Y^ork and its 
vicinity, soon after his arrival in America. 
Their names are found on the record of the 
members of that congregation, which com- 
menced the erection of a church, a wooden 
structure, in 1752. In the graveyard connected 
with this church, in 1778, his body was inter- 
red, the evidence of which is found on his 

The Smyser family were all warm and ac- 



tive supporters of the American cause during 
the Revolutionary struggle, Col. Michael Smy- 
ser being a useful man in the councils of that 
time, as well as in the field. When the war 
commenced in 1775, and the port of Boston 
was closed, for the purpose of starving the 
people of that important point into submission, 
a committee of twelve persons of York county 
was formed for the purpose of affording re- 
lief to their distressed brethren of Boston. 
A sum of nearly 250 pounds specie, a large 
sum at that time, was raised and remitted to 
John Hancock, afterward president of Con- 
gress, with a spirited letter of encouragement 
and promises of further assistance. These 
facts are recorded for the honor of our country 
in the American Archives at Washington with 
the names of the committee. Michael Smyser 
was an active and leading member of that com- 
mittee and remitted as a part of the above sum, 
from Manchester township, six pounds, twelve 
shillings and one pence. If the American 
cause had failed, every member of that commit- 
tee, as well as their illustrious correspondent, 
on whose head a price was set, would have for- 
feited their lives on the scaffold. 

To return to the record of the earlier gen- 
erations in direct line to Mrs. Hay : 

Mathias Schmeisser (2), born Feb. i, 
1744, died Feb. 21, 1827. On March 5, 1771, 
he married Louisa Slagle, who was born May 
3, 1744, and died Aug. 26, 1820. They had 
children as follows : Maria Catharine, who 
married S. Eichelberger ; George, who mar- 
ried Catharine Gardner; Jacob, who married 
Elizabeth Emig; Anna Maria, who married 
John Emig; Mathias (3), who married Eliza- 
beth Eyster; Philip, who married Susan Hoy- 
er; Elizabeth, who died young; and Henry, 
who married Catharine Spangler. 

Mathias Schmeisser (3), born Dec. 29, 
1782, died April 7, 1843. ^^ 1804 he married 
Elizabeth Eyster, who was born in 1776, and 
who died in 1 849. They had two sons and two 
daughters : Joseph married Sarah Weaver ; 
Samuel married Rebecca Lewis ; Sarah married 
Jacob King ; Elizabeth married George Laucks. 

Mathias (i), Mathias (2), and Mathias 
(3) and their wives were all buried in the 
churchyard of Christ Lutheran Church, in 
York, but later they were removed to the lot of 
Joseph and Samuel Smyser, in Prospect Hill 
cemetery, at York. 

Joseph Smyser, son of Mathias (3), was 

born Feb. i, 181 1, on the old homestead in 
West Manchester township. He was engaged 
in farming throughout his active years, but 
during his closing years lived retired in York, 
where he died, Jan. 31, 1903. In 1835 he was 
married to Sarah Weaver, of Adams county. 
Pa., and they had children as follows: Cath- 
erine L. E., the widow of Dr. Jacob Hay, and 
the historian of the family; Ellen Sarah, 
widow of Clay Lewis; and Alice M., widow 
of Dr. J. G. Cannon, residing in York. Mr. 
Smyser was a charter member of the Union 
Evangelical Lutheran Church, and always took 
an active part in its work. He was a Repub- 
lican in political faith. A man of high char- 
acter, he stood well among his associates in 
every walk of life. 

HENRY NFS, M. D., president of the 
York National Bank, director of the York Gas 
Company, is of the fourth generation in York 
county of a family noted for the versatility 
and solid attainments of its representatives. 
jMoreover, his grandfather, his father and him- 
self, native sons of York count}^, have all iden- 
tified themselves with professional, industrial, 
financial and legislative history there, and they 
have woven themselves not only into sectional 
but national affairs. 

In the York Recorder of July 22, 1828. ap- 
peared the following obituary notice : 

"Died on Saturday evening, the 19th in- 
stant, William Nes, Esq., of an extremely pain- 
ful and lingering disease, aged about sixty- 
eight years. Mr. Nes was treasurer of York 
county the usual time the office is held by one 
individual, and was afterward a representative 
in the House of Representatives of the General 
Assembly. For many years he was one of the 
most enterprising and successful merchants of 
York, and in all his vocations, whether public 
or private, he sustained the character of an 
honest man. He was of an obliging and friend- 
Iv disposition. To his friends he was devoted, 
and in his friendships he was ardent and sin- 

This ^^'llliam Nes was the great-grandfather 
of Dr. Henry Nes. He was born July 13, 
1 761, was one of York's leading merchants, 
and took an active part in the affairs of the 
town. He began business with a general store 
located at the southwest corner of Market and 
Water streets, afterward purchasing the prop- 
erty in Center Square now known as Jordan's 



Corner, which he occupied as a residence and 
place of business until his death, in ii828. 
From 1 817 to 1820 he held the office of treas- 
urer of York county, and was a member of the 
Pennsylvania Assembly during the years of 
1820 and 1 82 1. William Nes was one of a 
number of leading citizens of York who or- 
ganized the York Bank, now the York Na- 
tional Bank, becoming one of its first board of 
directors. He was married to Elizabeth, a 
daughter of Rudolph Spengler, the latter one 
of York's early settlers and a captain in the 
Revolutionary war. Both William Nes and 
his wife are buried in Christ Lutheran church- 

Hon. Henry Nes, M. D.(son of William 
Nes), the grandfather of the living representa- 
tive of that name, colleague of Hon. Thaddeus 
Stevens in Congress, and a distinguished phy- 
sician and surgeon, was born in York, May 20, 
1802, and died Sept. 10, 1850. On Aug. 25, 
1825, he married Elizabeth, daughter of Benja- 
min Weiser, and five children were born to 
them: Dr. Charles M. ; Arabella, Mrs. E. A. 
King; Frederick F., who was for many years 
connected with the United States Coast Sur- 
vey; Margaret, Mrs. G. W. Doty, of Clinton- 
ville. Wis.; and Ada E., wife of Dr. B. F. 
Spangler, of York. Dr. Henry Nes and his 
son. Dr. Charles M. Nes, are more fully men- 
tioned in the first volume of this work. 

Charles M. Nes, M. D., was born in York, 
June 26, 1827, and died June 11, 1896. In 
1846 he married Caroline, daughter of Jacob 
King, and the surviving children of this union 
are: Dr. Henry Nes, Charles M. Nes, E. 
Gulick Nes, and Elizabeth (Mrs. Eli Forney). 

Henry Nes, M. D., the eldest of the four 
children of the late Dr. Charles M. Nes and 
Caroline (King) Nes, is descended on his 
mother's side from the Smysers, who were 
among the opulent landowners of this section 
of Pennsylvania. He was born in York, in 
1854, and received his education at the York 
County Academy and the Eastman Business 
College, Poughkeepsie, N. Y. Like his father 
and grandfather his attraction to the medical 
profession was too strong to be overcome, and 
he abandoned a position in a York bank to as- 
sume professional studies. After graduating 
from Jefferson Medical College. Philadelphia, 
and assisting his father for a time, he returned 
to a business career by establishing the York 
Tack and Nail Works. As active head of that 
concern for twenty years, he developed it into 

one of the most prosperous manufactories of 
the city, retiring from his responsibilities in 
October, 1905. 

Ten years ago Dr. Nes became a director of 
the York National Bank, and from the first 
has actively participated in its management. 
He served for six years as its vice-president, 
and in January, 1906, was elevated to the pres- 
idency, succeeding- Grier Hersh, who resigned 
to become the head of the Maryland Trust 
Company, of Baltimore. Dr. Nes thus takes 
rank as one of the leading financiers of this 
section of the State, and as he brings long and 
successful experience, the sound physique of 
middle age, and broad and vigorous mental 
qualities to bear upon his new duties, both the 
institution and its president are destined for ai 
future career of even greater usefulness and 
importance than their past. 

GRIER HERSH, the recently elected 
president of the Maryland Trust Company, of 
Baltimore, is now taking the position in relation 
to the leading financial interests of the country 
that he formerly bore to those of the State of 
Pennsylvania. His conspicuous ability in the 
handling of large interests, particularly as re- 
gards the management of their finances, 'has 
made him one of the prominent figures in bank- 
ing circles in the East, and made him available 
for his present position when the Trust Com- 
pany, on resuming its normal place in the busi- 
ness world, was looking for a capable head. 
Mr. Hersh severed many associations of long 
standing in York, his home from birth, in ac- 
cepting his new responsibilties. No man in the 
city was more energetic in the promotion of its 
public utilities or more devoted to its general 
welfare in the most practical way. 

Mr. Hersh was born in York, Jan. 29, 
1863, and until the past few months had all 
his interests centered there. He graduated 
from the Pennsylvania Military College, at 
Chester, Pa., in 1880, and in 1884 graduated 
from Princeton. His ancestors have been 
identified with professional and business inter- 
ests in York for several generations, and cer- 
tain social and public duties were his by inherit- 
ance. A disposition to discharge these con- 
scientiously has characterized him throughout 
his career, and thus he has been prominent in 
business and public life from early manhood. 
That he has taken an important part in the up- 
building of the city along the most approved 



modern lines is indicated from his interest in 
various large concerns. He is president of the 
York Gas Company, the York & Maryland 
Line Turnpike Company, the York & Liverpool 
Turnpike Company, a director of the York 
Water Company and the York County Trac- 
tion Company. In 1895 he was elected presi- 
dent of the York National Bank, one of the 
largest financial institutions in southern Penn- 
sylvania, and continued in that incumbency un- 
til he retired, at the close of the year 1905, to 
turn his attention to the affairs of the Mary- 
land Trust Company, of Baltimore. Mr. Hersh 
formally assumed the duties of tlife incumbency 
Jan. 2, 1906. The Maryland Trust Company 
has been one of the most prominent trust com- 
panies in the city of Baltimore, but through un- 
fortunate investments was placed in the hands 
of a receiver about three years ago. However, 
by careful management, the depositors were all 
paid in full, and on Dec. 14, 1905, the receiver- 
ship was removed so that the company could 
resume regular business. This was accom- 
plished mainly through the efforts of Speyer 
& Co., of New York, who have a large interest 
in the Maryland Trust Company, and upon 
whose recommendation Mr. Hersh was solic- 
ited to become the head of the reorganized con- 
cern. It bids fair to gain prestige among the 
most influential banking houses of the country, 
being financed by some of the strongest con- 
cerns in the East, its board of directors includ- 
ing representatives of sucfi firms as Speyer & 
Co., the Guaranty Trust Company, the North 
American Trust Company, Lazard Freres, and 
the Chase National Bank, all of New York; 
the Girard Trust Company, of Philadelphia; 
and the Baltimore & Ohio Railway Company, 
o-f Baltimore. It was a high compliment to Mr. 
Hersh and an unlooked-for expression of con- 
fidence from men familiar with the best talent 
in banking circles that the offer of such an im- 
portant connection came to him entirely un- 

As vice-president and later president of the 
Pennsylvania Bankers Association, Mr. Hersh 
has long been one of the best known bankers 
of the State, and he is at the present time a 
member of the executive council of the Ameri- 
can Bankers Association, in which relation, as 
well as in his present incumbency, he^ has the 
privilege of association and co-operation with 
the leading financiers of America. It is typi- 
cal of the spirit of the day that so young a man 

should have been selected for so high an office. 
In addition to the extensive interests already 
mentioned, it is likely that the Maryland Trust 
Company will have charge of the Pennsylvania 
Railroad interests in and around Baltimore. 

Some account of Mr. Hersh's family and 
social connections will be of interest. He is of 
typical Pennsylvania ancestry, among his fore- 
bears being representatives of three races 
which have had distinctive bearing on the civil- 
ization and prosperity of the State — the Ger- 
man, the Scotch-Irish and the Friends. In the 
direct maternal line he is the great-grandson 
of a Revolutionary soldier. Col. David Grier, 
after whom Mr. Hersh was named, and 
who was colonel of the 7th Pennsyl- 
vania Regiment in the Revolution, and 
was "mortally wounded at the Massacre of 
Paoli." Ensign Barnitz, who lost a leg at the 
battle of Long Island, was also one of his an- 
cestors. Through his mother, Margaret Lewis,. 
Mr. Hersh is also a great-grandson of Major 
Lewis, who also bore arms in the Revolution,. 
for which he was dismissed from meeting. In 
this line his earliest ancestor was Nathaniell 
Newlin, who was a member of the council in-. 
1685, when Penn was governor. The Lewis; 
family were related to Roland Ellis, who estab- 
lished the Merion tract near Philadelphia. Mr. 
Hersh's Scotch-Irish connections are found 
among the Griers, McPhersons, McClellans, 
McLains, and other families whose names are 
inseparably associated with the history of 
Pennsylvania. Col. McPherson was in the 
Revolution and long before was captain of a- 
company which marched with Forbes against 
Fort Duquesne in 1756; he was also a member 
of the Provincial Assembly which met in Car- 
penter's Hall. Of the McLains, Archibald Mc- 
Lain was the chief assistant of Mason and Dix- 
on when they ran the famous line. 

Thus Mr. Hersh's Revolutionary ancestry- 
is well authenticated, and by virtue of same he 
has membership in a number of Revolutionary 
and Colonial societies. He has likewise been 
prominent in other social organizations, having 
been the principal factor in the formation of 
the Lafayette Club, of which he was the first 
president, and which includes in its member- 
ship the leading business and professional men 
of York. He was so zealous in the organiza- 
tion and success of the York Country Club, of 
which he became president, that he built the 
clubhouse and leased it, with the grounds, to the 


club. He introduced golf into York, and is 
himself an enthusiastic player, having golf 
links on his home grounds, which are admira- 
bly adapted for the purpose, comprising three 
hundred acres. The homestead, built by 
his great-grandfather nearly a century ago, is 
in the southern part of the city of York, and 
has long- been the pride of the locality as well 
as of the family, being in fact one of the finest 
old places in the State. Indeed, one of the chief 
regrets Mr. Hersh's fellow-citizens feel in his 
acceptance of the presidency of the Maryland 
Trust Company is his separation from their 
social life, in which he has had such an active 
and agreeable part. Mr. Hersh will retain his 
property and personal interests in York, though 
Ills residence be in Baltimore. He -was mar- 
ried in 1887 to Miss Julia L. Mayer, daughter 
•of the late John L. Mayer, of York, who in his 
idav was one of the eminent and most eloquent 
attornej's at the York county Bar. 

Mr. Hersh has a well rounded character, 
particularly well balanced, perhaps, because of 
the different elements which have .entered into 
■its composition. He is a business man of the 
highest standing without being a slave to 
money-making; a man of the highest social at- 
tainments, finding refreshment and recreation 
in his social duties and pleasures; a scholar 
without being a pedant, owning the finest pri- 
vate library in York. He is known as a man of 
deep information, is popular as a public speak- 
er, and as a writer is well known as the author 
of valuable articles on finance, as well as of 
a histor)' of the Scotch-Irish in Pennsylvania. 
Mr. Hersh gave cordial assistance in raising 
funds for the families of soldiers of the Span- 
ish-American war, having the spirit of his an- 
cestors in regard to supporting his country in 
time of need. 

"born in 1801 near Littlestown, Pa. His 
ancestors, Philip Eichelberger and Valen- 
tine Shearer, emigrated to Pennsylvania 
from Germany previous to _ 1750 and his 
ancestry on both sides includes Revolu- 
tionary soldiers. He attended school in 
Dillsburg, Pa., 181 1, and was graduated in 
medicine from the University of Maryland in 
1825. He began the practice of medicine the 
■same year in Dillsburg and continued it in the 
same locality from 1825 to 1878. He en- 
joyed a ver}^ large practice, covering an area 

of 140 square miles. He was a member of the 
York County Medical and Pennsylvania Medi- 
cal Societies and the American Medical Asso- 
ciation. To his efforts were due, in a great 
measure, the maintenance of good roads, the 
incorporation of Dillsburg into a borough, the 
building of the Dillsburg and Mechanicsburg 
railroad, of which he was a director, and the 
acceptance by York county of the free school 
system. [See report of Pennsylvania Superin- 
tendent of Public Instruction, 1887.] He was 
an earnest supporter of schools and education, 
as is shown by the fact that his five sons and two 
daughters were graduated from reputable col- 
leges and universities, and those living are 
occupying honorable positions in the commu- 
nities in which they reside. 

On March 8, 1827, Dr. Shearer married 
Eliza Eichelberger, daughter of Jacob Eichel- 
berger, of York, Pa. She was a granddaughter 
of Peter Dinkle, who was a son of Johan 
Daniel and Maria Ursula Dinkle, who were dis- 
tinguished residents of Strasburg, Germany. 
Many of the leading families of York are their 
lineal descendants. The copper plate of Johan - 
Daniel Dinkel executed by a noted artist in 
Germany, 1723, and the prayer book of Maria 
Ursula, printed in Strasburg, Germany, 
1733, are in the possession of the Shearer fam- 
ily. Mrs. Shearer was a highly cultured and 
intellectual woman and contributed in no small 
degree to make their home the hospitable abode 
of teachers and ministers of every denomina- 
tion. Dr. Shearer was a member of the Re- 
formed and Mrs. Shearer of the Lutheiran 
Church, but they were liberal sttpporters of the 
Presbyterian and Methodist Churches, which 
Avere the only denominations having buildings 
in Dillsburg. On March 8, 1877, Dr. and Mrs. 
Shearer celebrated their golden wedding an- 
niversary. Among the many guests present 
were two who were present at their marriage 
in 1827. 

The death of Dr. Shearer occurred June 4, 
1878. His funeral was largely attended, and 
he was widely mourned as "The Beloved Phy- 
sician", as he was often called. Four years 
after his death Mrs. Shearer removed to York, 
the place of her nativity, where she resided until 
her death, in 1895. 

James Mitchell Shearer, their eldest 
son, who grew to manhood, was born Dec. 25, 
1833. He received the degrees of A. B. 1853 



and A. M. 1856 from Dickinson College, and 
M. D. irom the University of Pennsylvania, 
1857. He began the practice of medicine the 
same year in Dillsburg. At the breaking out of 
the Civil war he was appointed examining sur- 
geon for York county, which position he re- 
linquished to enter the service as acting as- 
sistant surgeon at the U. S. A. General Hos- 
pital, York, Pa. Later he was appointed sur- 
geon to one of the regiments of Pennsylvania 
Reserves. He was afterward made surgeon in 
charge of the Soldiers Rest, Washington, D. 

C, which position he held until the close of the 
war, when he resumed the practice of medicine 
in Dillsburg. He was a member of the York 
County and Pennsylvania State Medical So- 
cieties, tW American Medical Association and 
the American Academy of Medicine, of which 
he was a charter member. In 1857 he was 
married to Miss Georgia Cowen, of Elmira, 
N. Y., who died in 1902. Dr. J. M. Shearer 
died in Dillsburg in 1881, in the forty-eighth 
year of his age. 

George Lewis Shearer was born Oct. 16, 
1835. He received from Lafayette College the 
degree of A. B. 1857, A. M. i860, and D. D. 
1883 ; was graduated from Princeton Theologi- 
cal Seminary in 1864; was licensed to preach 
in April, 1864, and ordained in October, 1865, 
by the Second Philadelphia Presbytery. He 
was connected with the United States Chris- 
tian Commission and rendered service on many 
battlefields in Virginia. He organized schools 
for the contrabands in Washington, D. C. ; en- 
tered the service of the American Tract Society 
in 1862, occupying in it many offices of trust 
until in 1872 he was made general secretary 
of the Society in New York City, which posi- 
tion he is filling at present. He was one of 
the founders of the Presbyterian Union of New 
York, a trustee of Laf&yette College and vice- 
president of the Evangelical Alliance. On Dec. 
27, 1865, he was married to Miss Mary L. W. 
ICetcham, of Clyde, New York. 

Frederick Eichelberger Shearer was 
bora March 27, 1838. He was graduated from 
Princeton University in 1864, received the de- 
grees of A. B. and A. M. from that institution, 
and was graduated from Princeton Theological 
Seminary in 1866. He received the degree of 

D. D. from Highland University, Kansas, in 
1886; was licensed by the Presbytery of Hun- 

tingdon at Clearfield, Pa., 1865, and ordained 
by the Presbytery of Long Island, 1866. He 
was pastor of the Presbyterian Church at 
Southampton, N. Y., 1867 to 1870. During 
the Civil war he was superintendent of the 
operations of the United States Christian Com- 
mission, with headquarters at Washington, D. 
C, and special agencies on battlefields, includ- 
ing that of Gettysburg. At present he is stated 
clerk of the New York Presbytery, with offices 
at No. 156 Fifth Avenue, New York. He was 
married in 1866 to Katharine Baker Russel, 
of Lancaster, Pennsylvania. 

Maria Henrietta Shearer was born 
April 5, 1840. She was graduated from Cot- 
tage Hill College Avith high honors in 1858. 
In 1865 she was married to Ensign Logan Dy- 
son, U. S. Navy, who died in 1866. Later she 
married E. S. Wagoner, of Mechanicsburg, 
Pa., and died in 1882. 

NiLES Harrison Shearer was bora March 
29, 1842. He received the degrees of A. B. 
and M. D. from the University of Maryland, 
1864, and A. M. 1867 from Dickinson College 
1866. He was connected with the Medical 
Department of the United States /\rmy from 
1864 to 1866. In 1866 he took charge of one 
of the oldest drug stores in York, Pa., in which 
position he continues at the present, being as- 
sociated in the business with his brother, E. 
Y. Shearer. He is a member of the York 
County and Pennsylvania Medical Societies 
and the American Academy of Medicine. He 
is the secretary of the York County Bible So- 
ciety, of which his grandfather, Jacob Eichel- 
berger, was the first secretary. He has been 
a director and secretary of the First National 
Bank of York, Pa., for over thirty years. 

Juliet Gambrill Shearer was born Jan. 
7, 1844. She was graduated from Cottage Hill 
College, York, Pa., in i860, and received the 
degree of M. D. from Howard University, 
Washington, D. C, 1881. She holds a respon- 
sible position in the United States Treasun,^ 

Edgar Young Shearer was born ]\Iay 19, 
1848, and was graduated from Dickinson Col- 
lege, 1870. He received the degree of A. M. 
1873, from the same institution and Ph. G. 
from the New College of Pharmacy. 1873. He 
was in the drug business in New York City 
from 1870 to 1896. since which time he has 
been associated with his brother N. H. Shearer 


in business in York, Pa. He has traveled ex- 

The family of Dr. G. L. Shearer had more 
to do with the history of Dillsburg in the cen- 
tury past than any other family in that locality. 

yer, son of Chauncey F. and Mary (Dawson) 
Black, was born Oct. 20, 1869, at the home of 
his maternal grandfather, John L. Dawson, 
Friendship Hill, Fayette Co., Pa. He spent 
his boyhood at Willow Bridges, the home of 
his parents in Spring Garden township, a short 
distance southwest of York. He obtained his 
preliminary education at the York Collegiate 
Institute and at St. Paul's School, at Concord, 
N. H. In 1887 he entered Princeton LTniver- 
sity and was graduated from that institution 
as one of the leaders of his class in 1891. Soon 
after leaving the University he decided to en- 
ter the legal profession, in which his ancestors 
had won fame and distinction. He pursued 
his studies in the office of A. N. Green, mem- 
ber of the York county Bar, and was admitted 
to the practice of law at York in 1894. 

Having inherited strong intellectual en- 
dowments, and possessing a mind capable of 
grasping the intricacies of the law, Mr. Black 
soon rose to prominence in his chosen pro- 
fession. His ability and attainments became 
recognized after a few years of practice before 
the local courts and brought him a large cli- 
entage. Early in his professional career his 
counsel and his services were employed in some 
of the most important causes tried before the 
York county courts, as well as the Supreme 
courts of Pennsylvania and the Federal courts. 
Mr. Black has been a close and diligent student 
of the law ever since he entered the Bar. His 
analysis of legal questions and his earnest and 
forceful manner of presenting points of law 
to court or jury have marked him as a natural 
leader in his profession. During the past few 
years he has won distinction for his legal 
acumen, his thorough comprehension of the 
law and his success at the Bar. In 1906, while 
representing York couiity as a delegate to the 
Democratic State Convention at Harrisburg, 
he received the unanimous vote of the conven- 
tion for the office of lieutenant-governor of 
Pennsylvania. He at first declined the prof- 
fered honor, but was persuaded to allow his 
name to be placed on the ticket. He was one 
of the ablest speakers of that eventful cam- 

paign. Although he was not elected, his ability 
was universally recognized throughout the 
State, in nearly every city and town of which 
he spoke to large audiences. 

Mr. Black was married in 1891 to Isabel, 
daughter of Frederick Edwin Church, of New 
York. They have four children: Mary, Isa- 
bel, Louise and Jeremiah S. Mrs. Black's 
father was a noted artist. At an early age he 
painted the Falls of Niagara on the Canada 
Side. This painting formerly belonged to the 
John Taylor Johnston collection, and was later 
sold to the Corcoran Art Gallery at Washing- 
ton for $12,500. Among the other famous 
paintings executed by Mr. Church are Andes 
of Ecuador, Icebergs, Chimborazo, Damascus, 
The Parthenon, and Evening on the Sea. Soon 
after their marriage Mr. and Mrs. Black took 
up their residence at Willow Bridges, the for- 
mer home of his parents. In 1903 they erected 
a handsome residence near the summit of 
Webb's Hill, and called it Rural Felicity, at 
which delightful home they have since resided.. 

The first American ancestor of Mr. Black 
came to 'the Marsh creek region near Gettys- 
burg with the early Scotch-Irish emigration, to 
what was then part of York county. Shortly 
after the Revolution they migrated' to Somer- 
set county. Pa., where his great-grandfather, 
Henry Black, was a prominent lawyer and was 
elected a member of Congress as a Whig in 
1841. His grandfather, Jeremiah S. Black, 
became chief justice of the Supreme court of 
Pennsylvania, and was an associate in the same 
court with his lifelong friend, the distinguished 
jurist, John Bannister Gibson. Judge Black 
served as attorney general and later as Secre- 
tary of State in the cabinet of President Bu- 
chanan. After retiring from this position he 
took up his residence at York, and for a period 
of twenty-five years was one of the leaders of 
the American Bar, en'gaging entirely in the 
practice of law before the State Supreme 
courts and the Supreme court of the United 
States, until his death, in 1884. Chauncey F. 
Black, father of the subject of this biography, 
was a distinguished journalist and served as 
lieutenant-governor of Pennsylvania from 
1882 to 1886. He was well known through- 
out the country as an ardent supporter of the 
political policies and principles promulgated 
by Thomas Jefferson, and for a period of ten 
years was president of an association of Demo- 
cratic clubs in the United States. Air. Black's 

--^ .t^JUM^ 


maternal grandfather, John L. Dawson, was a 
representative in Congress from Fayette and 
other western counties in Pennsylvania for a 
period of eight years. He was United States 
attorney for the Western District of Pennsyl- 
vania, and was governor of the Territory of 
Kansas under Pierce's administration. 

GEORGE R. PROWELL, author, educa- 
tor and joui^nalist, was bom in Fairview town- 
ship, York Co., Pa., Dec. 12, 1849. He ob- 
tained his education in the public schools, in the 
State Normal School at Millersville, Pa., and 
the University of Wooster, Ohio. After teach- 
ing a private academy, for a short time, at 
Goldsboro, he was elected assistant principal 
of the York High School, and later served as 
principal of the High School at Wooster, Ohio, 
instructor at the York County Academy and 
superinteadent of public schools at Hanover. 
These positions gave him a varied experience 
in educational work. While residing at Woos- 
ter, Ohio, he studied law with Hon. Martin 
Welker, who during that time was appointed 
United States Judge for the Northern District 
of Ohio. He acted as private secretary for 
Judge Welker, at Cleveland, and during his 
residence there was engaged as a newspaper 
correspondent. His attention then was di- 
verted from the law to literary pursuits, which 
he continued while filling positions as a teacher 
and a superintendent of schools. His interest 
in newspaper work secured for him a position 
on the staff of the Philadelphia Press and other 
journals. He spent six years at Washington, 
D. C, and four years at Philadelphia, engaged 
in the preparation of a cyclopedia and as a cor- 
respondent for different metropolitan journals. 

In 1884-85 Mr. Prowell was associated 
with Hon. John Gibson in the preparation of 
a comprehensive "History of York County." 
After the completion of this work he was the 
literary editor of several local histories in 
Pennsylvania, published by L. H. Everts & 
Company, of Philadelphia. In 1887 he wrote 
and published the "History of Camden County, 
New Jersey," a large octavo volume which in- 
cluded the history of what was originally 
known as the Province of West Jersey. Many 
of the chapters of this volume contain original 
research relating to the early history of the 
State of New Jersey. In 1888 he wrote the 
"History of Wilmington," and the chapters re- 
lating to the early settlements found in the 
"History of Delaware," published by L. H. 

Everts in 1889. During the years 1890-94 he 
was an associate editor, engaged in the prepa- 
ration of the "National Cyclopedia of Ameri- 
can Biography," published in twelve volumes, 
and now found in all the large public libraries. 
It fell to his duty to prepare, for this work, the 
biographies of several of the presidents and 
their cabinet officers, all the justices of the 
Supreme Court of the United States, and the 
members of the United States Senate, from the 
foundation of the Republic to 1894. He also 
wrote the lives of all the governors of half a 
dozen of the leading States of the Union, in- 
cluding Pennsylvania, and the history of the 
University of Pennsylvania in the lives of its 
presidents and faculty. He then returned the 
second time to educational work and served 
three years as superintendent of public schools 
at Hanover. In 1898-99, while engaged as a 
contributor to "Lamb's Dictionary of Ameri- 
can Biography," he spent eight months in New 
England and the Southern States in pre- 
paring the history, growth and develop- 
ment of the cotton manufacturing industry 
in the United States. During the next two 
years he prepared and published the "His- 
tory of the 87th Pennsylvania Volunteers," a 
regiment largely composed of York county 
troops which served for a period of three years 
in the Civil war, and the "71st Pennsylvania," 
known in the annals of the Civil war as the 
"California Regiment." In 1902, at the solici- 
tation of the Historical Society of York Coun- 
ty, he began to collect and build up a museum, 
library and various collections of historic views 
and portraits for that organization, which oc- 
cupies a large room on the third floor of the 
new court house at York. His literary studies 
have covered the whole range of American his- 
tory and biography, but he has devoted special 
attention to local history, which led to the prep- 
aration of the first volume of this work, en- 
titled "History of York County." He has been 
a contributor to literary magazines and has 
prepared numerous historical papers and vari- 
ous publications. He is curator and librarian 
of the Historical Society of York Count)^ 
member of the National Geographic Society 
and the American Historical Association. 
Since 1904 he has been principal and owner of 
the York School of Business. 

Mr. Prowell was married, at Stamford, 
Conn., in October, 187S, to Virginia, daughter 
of Col. John and Sarah (Tillman) Dean. They 
have three children, Nellie B., Edna D. and 


Dean Prowell. Col. Samuel Dean, grandfather 
of ]\Irs. Prowell, commanded a regiment of 
militia, from the State of Connecticut, in the 
Revolution, and participated in the battles of 
Long Island, White Plains, Trenton, Prince- 
ton and Monmouth. 

Mr. Prowell is of Welsh descent. His first 
American ancestor, James Prowell, came to 
Pennsylvania with the early Welsh immigrants 
and settled in Chester county, near Philadel- 
phia. Thomas Prowell, his youngest son, was 
married in October, 1752, to Rachel Griffith, 
in Old Swede's Church, Philadelphia, soon af- 
ter that church was transferred to the Episco- 
palians. He died in 1765, leaving two sons, 
Joseph and William, both of whom were offi- 
cers in the American Revolution. Their biog- 
raphies appear in the first volume of this work. 
William Prowell, who served as a captain in 
the Revolution, settled in Warrington town- 
ship soon after the war had ended and later 
moved to Fairview township, where he died in 
181 1. By his first marriage, with Mary Nel- 
son, he had three children, Joseph, Samuel and 
Jane. Joseph Prowell married Mary Nichols, 
daughter of John Nichols, and granddaughter 
of William Nichols, who served as an ensign 
in Colonel Irvine's Regiment, Captain Grier's 
Company, in the first Canadian expedition, in 
1775. In 1777-78 he was a captain in Colonel 
Hartley's Regiment. He died in Fairview 
township in 181 2. Joseph Prowell died in 1838, 
leaving five children : Samuel N., James, Hi- 
ram, Ehzabeth and Mary. Samuel N. Prowell, 
the eldest son and father of George R. Prowell, 
married Sarah, daughter of William Reeser, 
founder of the borough of Manchester. 

HORACE BONHAM (deceased), whose 
contributions to the world of art brought him 
well-deserved fame, was descended from an 
ancestry that has left an indelible impress on 
the history of the country. Among the passen- 
gers of the "Mayflower" was Edward Fuller, 
and his granddaughter, Hannah Fuller, was 
married in Barnstable, Mass., to Nicholas Bon- 

Nicholas Bonham with his wife and several 
children moved to New Brunswick, N. J., 
where he built a home and had a farm. Other 
settlers located near him, and the town of Bon- 
hamton was formed and named. 

Hezekiah Bonham,- only surviving son of 
Nicholas, was one of the founders of the Bap- 
tist Church in New Jersey. He was a very 

religious man, and in Hunterdon county, N. J., 
founded the large Seventh Day Baptist Con- 
gregation. The Bonhams owned the greater 
part of the land between Bonhamton and Eliza- 
bethtown. Hezekiah Bonham was twice mar- 
ried. His first wife was Mary Dunn. Chil- 
dren were born of both marriages, and one son. 
Rev. Malachi Bonham, died in New Jersey. 

Maj. Absalom Bonham, grandfather' of the 
late Horace Bonham, moved from New Jersey 
to Maryland, locating near Frederick. He was 
accompanied b}^ his wife, and probably by chil- 
dren. When the storm cloud of the Revolu- 
tion lowered in 1776, he went back to New Jer- 
sey and enlisted, as did also his sons, Malachi 
and James. Malachi enlisted with an uncle 
Malachi in a Maryland regiment, while James 
(whose mother had died, and who resented his 
father's subsequent marriage to Miss Rebecca 
Morris, of New Jersey) ran away from home, 
and enlisted under General Greene, serving un- 
til the close of the war. When peace had again 
settled over the land Maj. Absalom Bonham 
moved to Lincolnton, N. C, where he died in 
about 1794. He was buried in full regimentals. 
His second wife survived him many years and 
died at an advanced age. By his first wife Maj. 
Bonham had three children, Malachi, James 
and a daughter; by his second wife: Samuel 
Cox; and Sarah, who married a Mr. Ross, of 

Samuel Cox Bonham was born in Lincoln- 
ton, N. C, and was but three years of age 
when his father died. Prior to 1820 he came to 
Pennsylvania, first settling in Washington, 
Lancaster county. He afterward removed to 
York county, and settled on the homestead in 
West Manchester township, where he carried 
on farming until his death, in May, 1856. He 
was a public-spirited citizen, a Democrat in 
politics, and an intimate friend of President 
Buchanan. In 1820 he became a member of 
the I. O. O. F. in Washington, Lancaster coun- 
ty. Samuel C. Bonham was married twice. 
His first wife was Mary, daughter of Gen. Ja- 
cob Drift, an officer in the Revolutionary army. 
It is supposed she died in Lancaster county. 
To this marriage were born two sons : De Witt 
Clinton, who went to Mississippi to live, and 
when the Civil war broke out, entered the Con- 
federate service, and died at Camp Beauregard 
after three months' illness with fever ; and Ja- 
cob, who went West and died in young man- 
hood. For his second wife Samuel C. Bon- 



ham married Mrs. Elizabeth (Stayman) 
Strickler, who died in November, 1867, in the 
faith of the Methodist Episcopal church. Five 
children were born to this union: Rebecca, 
who married T. Addison Denny, of Maryland, 
and who, about 1874, went to Rome, Ga., 
seeking, in the mountain air, relief for asthma, 
and there died ten years later ; Sarah, who died 
unmarried in June, 1891 ; Horace and John 
Milton, twins, of whom the latter married 
Elizabeth Nimick of Pittsburg, who died in 
April, 1886, and he died at Atlantic City, June 
17, 1897; and Emily, who died in August, 
1868, at the age of twenty-five. 

Horace Bonham was born in West Man- 
chester township, York county, on his father's 
farm, Nov. 26, 1835, twin, as above stated, to 
John Milton. He began his education in a 
private school, conducted by a Quakeress, Ann 
Love, and under her guidance he remained 
until he entered York County Academy, where 
he studied until he was fourteen. Horace was 
sent to Williamsport, Pa., where his brother- 
in-law, a Methodist Episcopal minister, was 
stationed, when fourteen, and there entered 
Dickinson Seminary. He remained there a 
short time, and then he and his twin brother 
entered Wesleyan Institute, Middletown, N. 
Y., to prepare for Yale. After a few months 
at Yale, Mr. Bonham suffered an attack of 
typhoid fever, followed by erysipelas, and after 
a long illness entered Lafayette College, grad- 
uating with the class of 1856. His father died 
just prior to the son's graduation, and the lat- 
ter returned home. As it had been the father's 
wish he should study law, the young man, 
much against his own inclination, read law in 
York, under Thomas Cochran, and was ad- 
mitted to the Bar. All his life he had given 
evidence of artistic talent, and he desired to 
give his whole time and attention to painting. 
He gave up law, but did not immediately take 
up art. He purchased the York Republican, 
and edited it for a few years as a weekly. In 
1 86 1 he started a small daily, called the York 
Recorder, but after about three months dis- 
continued it because of lack of support. Dur- 
ing the first administration of President Lin- 
coln he tried for the United States assessor- 
ship of this Congressional District, and se- 
cured it. and was reappointed for a second 
term, but when Lincoln was assassinated, and 
President Johnson succeeded to the office, 
another assessor was appointed in the face of 

a strong petition gotten up by the citizens of 
the district for the retention of Mr. Bonham. 
In February, 1869, he went abroad to study 
painting, finally locating in Munich. In the 
fall of 1869 he returned to York, and for the 
remainder of his life devoted himself to his 
chosen calling. His pictures were exhibited 
chiefly in Boston and Philadelphia, invariably 
winning high commendation from connois- 
seurs from all parts of the world. His picture 
"Nearing the Issue," showing a group of men 
witnessing a cockfight, in the expression on 
the eager faces, shows marvelous ability in the 
portrayal of emotions. This famous painting 
hangs in the Cochran Art Gallery, at Wash- 
ington, D. C. 

Mr. Bonham was a singularly modest man, 
and found his greatest happiness in his home. 
He was a man of fine literary distinction and 
was very fond of reading. Many fugitive 
gems of poetry came from his pen. In his 
youth he was confirmed in the Episcopal 
Church, under the Rev. Mr. Thompson, and 
for many years was a regular attendant upon 
church services, but in his later years he be- 
came very liberal in religious views. While 
a member of the York Club, he could not in 
any way be regarded as a club man. 

On Jan. 27, 1870, Mr. Bonham was mar- 
ried to Miss Rebekah Lewis, who was born in 
Baltimore, daughter of Eli and Rebecca (For- 
ney) Lewis, of Hanover, York county, and 
granddaughter of Eli Lewis, who, although a 
Quaker, was major of a battalion in the Revo- 
lution, and fought at Germantown and Brandy- 
wine. The progenitor of the Lewises was in 
the service of the State from Chester. Pa. Four 
children were born to Mr. and Mrs. Bonham. 
namely: Mary L.. who died in infancy in 
Mav. 1872; and Elizabeth S.. Amy L. and 
Eleanor M.. at home. Mr. Bonham entered 
into rest March 7, 1802. sincerely mourned by 
a wide circle of friends. 

RICHARD E. COCHRAN, senior mem- 
ber of the law firm of Cochran & Williams, 
was born Jan. 6. 1857. son of Thomas E. and 
Anna M. "(Barnitz) Cochran, of York, Penn- 

Richard E. Cochran was liberally educated, 
completing the course at the York high school, 
the York County Academy, and the York Col- 
legiate Institute, graduating from the latter 
institution in June, 1876. He read law with 



his father, and was admitted to the Bar Sept. 
15, 1879, since when he has taken a leading 
position in the courts of York county. He was 
subsequently appointed deputy secretary of 
the Commonweath by Governor Hastings, and 
assumed the duties of office Oct. 20, 1897, re- 
signing the same March i, 1899. His father 
was long known as a man of eminence in his 
profession, and his mantle has, in great meas- 
ure, fallen on his son. 

On Nov. 10, 1886, Mr. Cochran was mar- 
>ried to Miss Mary E. Kckey, of Lancaster, 
Pa., who died Aug. 30, 1887. Mr. Cochran 
was married (second) Dec. 14, 1898. to Miss 
Agnes M. Wainwright, of Middlebury, Ver- 

On Oct. 20, 1897, Governor Hastings ap- 
pointed Mr. Cochran Deputy Secretary of the 
Commonwealth, which official position he filled 
until March 2, 1899. Mr. Cochran is a mem- 
ber of the Lafayette Club, of York. He also 
belongs to York Lodge, A. F. & A. M., How- 
ell Chapter, and York Commandery, Knights 
Templar, and is a past master, at present 
'holding the office of district deputy grand 
master of District No. 42, in which York is 
located. He is a member and one of the ves- 
trymen of St. John's Episcopal Church. 

tory of a county, as well as that of a 'State, 
is chiefly the chronicle of the lives and deeds 
of those who have conferred honor and dig- 
nity on society. The public generally judges 
the character of a community by that of its 
representative citizens, and yields its tribute 
of respect and esteem for the genius, learning 
or virtues of those whose deeds constitute the 
record of the county's prosperity and pride. 
York county's records contain the names of 
many citizens who, through long service, the 
gift of genius, or by their faithful performance 
of duty, have reflected credit upon their coun- 
ty, but none are written in better form than 
that of the gentleman whose name appears at 
the head of this review. 

Hon. Nevin M. Wanner, now one of the 
judges of the courts of York county. Pa., was, 
"before his elevation to the Bench, one of the 
most prominent lawyers of southern Pennsyl- 
vania, and had acquired a legal reputation that 
■extended beyond the boundaries of his State. 
He is the son of Rev. A. Wanner, D. D., a 
former well-known minister of the Reformed 
Church, whose death occurred at York, Pa., 

at the age of seventy-five years, in 1894. His 
mother, whose maiden name was Rebecca Mil- 
ler, died at York, Pa., Nov. 8, 1905. She was 
a daughter of Solomon Miller, Esq., who was 
the head of one of the oldest and best-known 
families of Franklin county. Pa. Of the family 
of Judge Wanner's father there are now sur- 
viving three sons and two daughters, viz. : 
Nevin M. Wanner, the Judge; Atreus Wan- 
ner, city superintendent of public schools of 
York, Pa. ; W. S. Wanner, wholesale dealer in 
leaf tobacco, of York, Pa. ; Alice, widow of 
William H. Leighty, deceased, of German- 
town, Ohio ; and Myra, wife of Samuel Bar- 
nitz, merchant, of Mifflinburg, Pennsylvania. 

Nevin M. Wanner, the subject of this 
sketch, was born May 14, 1850, at Washing- 
tonville, Columbiana Co., Ohio, where his edu- 
cation began in a typical log schoolhouse of the 
olden time. He finished his public school life 
by graduating from the high school at German- 
town, Ohio, in 1866, and in the same year en- 
tered Heidelberg College, at Tiffin, Ohio, at 
the early age of sixteen years, where he re- 
mained for two years. He then entered Frank- 
lin and Marshall College, Lancaster, Pa., where 
he graduated in 1870, carrying off one of the 
leading honors of his class, viz. : the "Franklin 
Oration." After graduating there he took a 
two years' course of law lectures, in the Law 
Department of the University of Pennsyl- 
vania, during the sessions of 187Q-71 and 
1871-72. His legal preceptor in Philadelphia 
was Gen. B. F. Fisher, with whom he acquired 
the office experience so necessary to success- 
ful practice. His preceptor at York, Pa., was 
Erastus H. Weiser, Esq. On Aug. 28, 1872, 
Mr. Wanner was admitted to the Bar of York 
county, and later on was admitted to practice 
in the Supreme and Superior courts of his 
State, and to various county courts in the 

In the last twenty-five years of his prac- 
tice, Mr. Wanner is said to have attended, for 
the argument of his cases, at every meeting of 
the Supreme court of Pennsylvania, held for 
York county cases. Before going on the 
Bench Mr. Wanner had acquired such an ex- 
ceptional reputation as a trial lawyer that but 
few important cases were tried in the local 
courts in which he was not retained. During his 
practice of thirty-three years he probably tried 
more cases than any other member of the local 
Bar had ever done. As a lawyer he held 
numerous positions of trust and honor, not 




the least of these being that of solicitor for 
the Pennsylvania Railroad Company, the 
Northern Central Railway Company, and the 
lines c6ntrolled by them in York, Adams, 
-Cumberland and Perry counties. 

In politics Mr. Wanner is a Democrat and 
has always supported the principles of con- 
•servative Democracy. In 1887 he was elected 
District Attorney of York county. Pa., and 
•on Nov. 7, 1905, he was elevated to the Bench. 
His election to this honored position was not 
merely the usual result of a party nomination. 
His party in the county of York had suffered 
a disastrous defeat at the polls at the preced- 
ing general election. But Mr. Wanner^s long 
■experience at the Bar, his acknowledged abil- 
ity, and intimate personal acquaintance with 
all classes of the people, gave him such a gen- 
■eral support, independent of party lines, that 
he was triumphantly elected. 

Beginning his career with a complete 
classical education Mr. Wanner continued to 
be a close student of the law, and has devoted 
himself to his practice alone, to the practical 
exclusion of all other business enterprises. In 
religion he is a member of the Reformed 
Church, though in latter years he has attended 
the Episcopal Church. 

On Nov. I, 1882, Mr. Wanner was united 
in marriage to Miss Amelia Doudel Croll, a 
daughter of the late well-known and prominent 
merchant, John S. Croll, of York, Pa. Mrs. 
Wanner comes from one of the oldest families 
in the city. Her ancestors since Revolution- 
ary days have been prominent in society and 
local history. 

The Wanner family is of German extrac- 
tion on both sides. Peter Miller, the maternal 
great-grandfather of Judge Wanner, was born 
in Frankfort, Germany, March 7, 1743, and 
-died in Franklin county. Pa., April 10, 1829. 
His paternal great-grandfather came to Amer- 
ica late in the eighteenth century. His grand- 
father, Jacob Wanner, settled near The 
Trappe, Montgomery Co., Pa., where the 
Judge's father was bom, and where he lived 
until he went into the ministry. 

ATREUS WANNER, City Superin- 
tendent of the York Public Schools, son of 
Rev. Aaron and Rebecca (Miller) Wanner, 
was born in Washingtonville, Ohio, Sept. 26, 
1852. Both parents and grandparents were 
natives of Pennsylvania. He was graduated 
at Franklin and Marshall College, of Lancas- 

ter, Pa., in 1873. After filling positions in 
different schools in Pennsylvania he accepted 
the assistant principalship of the York High 
School, in the spring of 1876. Mr. Wanner 
served the public schools of York as assistant 
principal of the High School from 1876 to 
1880, and as principal from 1880 to 1890, 
when he accepted the duties of the superin- 
tendency. During his administration as city 
superintendent York has nearly doubled in 
population. This required the erection of a 
large number of school buildings and the es- 
tablishment of many schools. The educational 
interests of York have been rapidly advanced 
under his care and direction. 

Mr. Wanner is a vestryman of St. John's 
Protestant Episcopal Church, treasurer of the 
York County Historical Society and president 
of the York Public Library Board. He has 
devoted his leisure to scientific pursuits and 
is a contributor on local archaeology and 
geology to the government reports and to sci- 
entific papers. He discovered fossil reptile 
tracks in the red sandstone of York county. 
A descriptive paper first presented to the 
American Association for the Advancement 
of Science was subsequently published with 
illustrations in the Pennsylvania State Geo- 
logical Reports. He has also discovered a 
number of new species in the York county 
geological formations, thus adding to both the 
flora of the Trias and the fauna of the Cam- 
brian. The following estimate of Mr. "Wan- 
ner's work in the Trias, by Lester F. Ward, 
is from a recent government report ("Older 
Mesozoic Floras of LTnited States," page 430) : 
"Mr. Wanner's excellent work in Pennsyl- 
vania has tended to bring the deposits of York 
County, Pennsylvania, into substantial har- 
mony with those farther south." An excel- 
lent paper read by Mr. Wanner before the 
Historical Society of York County relating 
to local Indian tribes appears in the first vol- 
ume of this work. He is a Fellow of the 
American Association for the Advancement 
of Science and member of the American An- 
thropological Association. 

Mr. Wanner was married, June 21. 1882, 
to Miss Clara J. Eckert, daughter of Henry 
and Elizabeth C. Eckert, of Gordonville, Lan- 
caster county. An only child, H. Eckert Wan- 
ner, is a member of the class of 1907 of the 
University of Pennsylvania. Mr. Wanner's 
brother, Hon. N. M. Wanner, is one of the 
judges of the courts of York county. 



dent Judge of York county, is a descendant of 
old Pennsylvania ancestry, and; was born at 
York Springs, Adams county, Nov. lO, 1834, 
son of Henry and Julia A. (Sheffer) Bit- 

Capt. Nicholas Bittenger, great-grand- 
father of the Hon. John W., was a native and 
resident of Adams county, then a part of 
York county, of which he was a worthy pio- 
neer. He was one of the patriot soldiers in 
the war of the Revolution. His son, Joseph, 
was the paternal grandfather of Judge Bit- 

Henry Sheffer, maternal great-grandfather 
of the Hon. John W. Bittenger, was also a 
Revolutionary patriot. Daniel Sheffer, son of 
Henry, was a native of York county, and early 
in life practiced medicine, becoming subse- 
quently Associate Judge of Adams county, and 
in 1836 he was elected to represent Adams and 
Franklin counties in the United States Con- 
gress. He attained great distinction as a po- 
litical leader and lay jurist, and was one of 
the prominent figures in the political and pub- 
lic circles of his day. 

Henry Bittenger, son of Joseph, was united 
in marriage with Julia A. Sheffer, daughter 
of Daniel Sheffer, and they became the par- 
ents of three children, viz. : Mrs. George C. 
Barnitz, of Middletown, Ohio; Mrs. Reuben 
Young, of Hanover; and John W., President 
Judge of York county. 

John W. Bittenger acquired his elementary 
education in the public schools, at the academy 
at Strasburg, Pa., and in Rockville, Md., which 
was supplemented by a partial course at Penn- 
sylvania College, Gettysburg. While studying 
at Pennsylvania College, he registered with 
the Hon. Moses McLean, of Gettysburg, as a 
student-at-law. He subsequently went to 
Rockville, Md., where he finished his legal 
studies in the office of W. Viers Bouic, subse- 
quently Judge of the Circuit Court of that 
county, and was admitted to the Bar of Mont- 
gomery county, Md., in 1856. In the same 
year Mr. Bittenger entered Harvard Law 
School, at Cambridge, Mass., and was gradu- 
ated in the year 1857, with the degree of LL. 
B. He then went to Lexington, Ky., and en- 
tered upon the practice of his profession, re- 
maining in that State three years. 

In i860 Mr. Bittenger removed to York, 
Pa., with whose Bar and judiciary he has 
since been identified. In politics Judge Bit- 

tenger has always been a Democrat, and has 
taken a prominent and influential part in the 
party councils, having been a leader and cam- 
paign orator in the Democratic contests m 
York county. In 1862 he began his official 
career with the nomination for and election to 
the district attorneyship of the county. Through 
re-election he served for six years. Upon re- 
tiring from that office he entered upon his 
practice at the Bar, and at the time of accept- 
ing the judgeship had worked up a large and 
lucrative practice, and become a leading mem- 
ber of the Bar. In 1888 Judge Bittenger rep- 
resented his party in the National Convention 
at St. Louis. In November, 1890, he was ap- 
pointed by Governor Beaver to fill the vacancy 
occasioned on the Bench of the Nineteenth 
Judicial District, York county, by the death 
of the Hon. John Gibson. The same year the 
Judge became the nominee of his party for the 
judgeship, and was elected at the November 
election, and in 1900 he was re-elected by a 
handsome majority, the Republican party hav- 
ing endorsed him in convention, and made no 
nomination against him. Since 1895 he has 
served as President Judge of the York County 
Courts, and his rulings have attracted atten- 
tion all over the State on account of their clear- 
ness and fairness. 

Judge Bittenger married Miss Anna Bren- 
neman, of York county, and they have the fol- 
lowing children, all at home : Ida, Julia, Dan- 
iel S., Charles E. and Louisa Augusta. All 
are attendants and members of Trinity Re- 
formed Church of York. 

D. D., is a son of Jacob Enders, who came ta 
America in 1854. 

Dr. Enders was born in Germany Oct. 26, 
.1841, and commenced his education in the 
schools of Germany, which he attended until 
his thirteenth year. He was born in the same 
old stone house in Germany in which his fath- 
er, grandfather and great-grandfather had 
been born, this house having been built before 
the Reformation. On his wedding tour, in. 
1870, Dr. Enders revisited this old home, and 
preached in the church in which he had been 
confirmed. This historic old home was in Nor- 
heim, near Bingen-on-the-Rhine. The Doc- 
tor's father, grandfather and great-grandfath- 
er conducted freighting and passenger traffic 
in the old country, and managed large landed 



estates. The mother of our subject was EHza- 
beth Beyer, daughter of Jacob Beyer, of Nied- 
erhausen, Germany, who was the possessor of 
vineyards and landed estates. The Doctor has 
one sister, Anna Maria, now the widow of Rev. 
John W. Lake, D. D., who was pastor of the 
Lutheran Church of Montgomery, Pa., and 
who died Feb. 9, 1904, in his sixty-eighth year. 

Dr. Enders, when a lad of thirteen, landed 
in New York City, and then went to Peapack, 
N. J., where he gained his first knowledge of 
the English language. After attending the 
district school for some time young Enders 
was appointed assistant to the teacher of the 
school he attended, and took private lessons 
from his pastor. He next attended the Hart- 
wick Seminary, New York, and after four 
years of classical studies and three years of 
theological studies was graduated in the class 
of 1868, and was licensed to preach that same 
)'ear, being ordained to the ministry in 1869. 
During his last two years as a theological stu- 
dent Dr. Enders preached at Maryland, Otsego 
Co., N. Y., where he organized a congrega- 
tion and built a church. 

Dr. Enders's first charge was at Bridg'eton, 
N. J., where he was pastor of St. John's Luth- 
eran Church for four years and while there he 
took a post-graduate course in the Mt. Airy 
Lutheran Seminary, in Philadelphia, and also 
a course of lectures in Pennsylvania Univer- 
sity. On May i, 1873, he became pastor of 
St. James Lutheran Church, at Gettysburg, re- 
maining there two years. His health break- 
ing down at this time, Dr. Enders tendered his 
resignation and traveled for two years, when, 
having recovered his health, he accepted a call 
on June i, 1876, to St. Paul's Lutheran Church 
at Richmond, Ind., remaining there six yeai«, 
at the end of which time he was called to the 
pastorate of Christ Lutheran Church, York. 
This mother church of Lutheranism in York 
was founded Sept. 23, 1733, and the large con- 
gregation of Christ Church is now worship- 
ping in the third edifice that has been erected. 
Dr. Enders located in York July i, 1882, and 
from the beginning of his labors here to the 
present his efiforts have been marked with suc- 
cess. He has paid the church debt, erected a 
$30,000 building, built a parsonage which is 
paid for, and spent $8,000 additional in other- 
wise improving the church property. Among 
other notable things that the church possesses 
is a $2,500 organ, presented to the church by 

Frederick Greinman, in memory of an eight- 
year-old grandchild, who was the daughter of 
J. A. Dempwolf, the architect. The child's 
name was Margaret Wilhelmina Dempwolf. 
Mr. Dempwolf has been for many years sup- 
erintendent of Christ Sunday-school. 

Over a century ago one Barbara Schmidt 
left a small property to Christ Lutheran 
Church. This property was converted into 
money, and a pipe organ was purchased and in- 
stalled in the old stone church, where it re- 
mained until 1 814, when it was stored away 
until the church was completed. It was in 
constant use until July, 1905, when it was 
transferred to the chapel. After it was re- 
built in the chapel this organ was re-dedicated 
in November, 1905, and is known as the Bar- 
baira Schmidt Memorial Organ. 

Dr. Enders married Phoebe A. Miller, 
daughter of David T. Miller, a farmer of Deer- 
field, Cumberland Co., N. J., his bride having 
been organist and choir leader of Emmanuel 
Lutheran Church, at Friesburg, N. J., of which 
church Dr. Lake, brother-in-law of Dr. End- 
ers, was pastor. Six children were born of 
this union, of whom one died in infancy, and 
John Lake, another child, died Aug. 6, 1885, 
in Deerfield, N. J., while visiting his grand- 
father. The survivors are : Rev. George W., 
Jr., born at Bridgeton, N. J., Aug. 10, 1871, is 
now the pastor of the Lutheran Church at 
Clearfield, Pa. ; he has a son, George W. (HI). 
Caroline R. married July 7, 1903, Rev. 
George Bayard Young, B. D., who after tour- 
ing Europe, became pastor of St. Matthew's 
Lutheran Church, at Brooklyn, N. Y. Rev. 
Martin Luther Enders, B. D., born Feb. 11, 
1868, at Richmond, Ind., is now pastor of Sa- 
lem Lutheran Church, Catonsville, a suburb of 
Baltimore, Md., where, in a pastorate of one 
and a half years, he built a $35,000 church; he 
was married Oct. 7, 1902, to Grace Hubner, 
daughter of John Hubner, president of the 
State Senate of Maryland for three terms. 
Paul Melanchton, born April 15, 1887, after 
attending York Collegiate Institute became a 
student in the Susquehanna University at Sel- 
insgrove, and later entered Hartwick Semi- 
nary in Otsego county, N. Y., where he is a 
member of the class of 1909. 

Dr. Enders is vice-president of the Home 
Mission board of the General Synod of the 
Lutheran Church, of which he has been for 
seventeen years a member. He was a director 



of the Theological Seminary of Gettysburg for 
fifteen years; a number of years director of 
Wittenberg College, at Springfield, Ohio, and 
was president of the Susquehanna University, 
Selinsgrove, Pa., for three years. Dr. Enders 
takes an active interest in the Luther League, 
being a great friend of the young people. His 
church work is of the broadest and most lib- 
eral type, and he has raised hundreds of thou- 
sands of dollars for church work at home and 
abroad. In 1877 the degree of A. M. was con- 
ferred upon him by Wittenberg College, and in 
1889 the same college conferred upon him the 
■degree of D. D. 

The old stone home in which Dr. Enders 
and many of his ancestors were born, in Ger- 
many, was a place of refuge for Lutherans in 
the days of the Reformation. Distinguished 
men from all over Europe visited his ances- 
tors in this historic place, and the castle of 
Ebernburg (sign of the "Boar"), "belonged 
to his ancestors. The latter contained secret 
chambers, and it, too, was a place of refuge. 
Indeed the incidents associated with this cas- 
tle and the old stone house in which Dr. En- 
ders was born would, in themselves, if fully 
and faithfully narrated, fill this volume. 

scendant in the eighth generation from Capt. 
John Niles, the progenitor of this branch of 
the Niles family in America, who crossed the 
ocean from Wales with the early Pilgrims in 
1630, and settled in Braintree, Mass. The 
different members of the family continued to 
reside in New England for many generations, 
taking a leading part in the "building of the 

William Niles, grandfather of Henry C.' 
Niles, was for many years a merchant and citi- 
zen of Spencertown, N. Y. His son, Henry E. 
Niles, father of Henry C, was an eminent 
divine of the Presbyterian Church, for thirty- 
five years serving the First Church of York. 
His death. May 14, 1900, caused profound 
sorrow and regret. His career will be more 
fully noted elsewhere. 

On the maternal side Henry C. Niles also 
comes from Pilgrim stock. His grandfather, 
Sumner Marsh, was a manufacturer of Lowell, 
Mass. He held office in the Boston Custom 
House by appointment of President Lincoln, 
and returned to his birthplace at Southbridge, 
Mass., where he lived in retirement until his 

death at the age of eighty-seven. His wife 
was a direct descendant of Capt. John Mason, 
the celebrated Indian fighter, who achieved 
distinction in the Pequot war. Capt. Mason 
was of English birth and came to America 
in 1630. 

Henry Carpenter Niles was born in An- 
gelica, Allegany Co., N. Y., June 17, 1858. 
His education was received in the schools of 
York, Pa. After finishing the courses in the 
York County Academy and the York Col- 
legiate Institute, he engaged as a clerk in the 
First National Bank of York. He attended 
the Columbia University Law School, where 
he graduated in 1880, also read law under the 
Hon. Robert J. Fisher, at York, and became 
familiar with legal practice in New York City 
in the offices of James Brooks Dill and Miller 
& Peckham. Admitted to practice the same 
year he graduated, and later, in 1882, to the 
Supreme Court, he soon became recognized as 
a leader in trial practice. Mr. Niles is much 
esteemed among his fellow practitioners, and 
his colleagues in the Pennsylvania Bar Asso- 
ciation honored him in 1904 by election to the 
presidency of that body. He has been promi- 
nently urged for the Common Pleas and Su- 
preme Court Judgeship, being more than or- 
dinarily qualified for a seat on the Bench, the 
acceptance of which, however, would involve 
no little pecuniary sacrifice for one enjoying 
the practice he has won. He has achieved a 
reputation State-wide in its extent as an astute 
and successful practitioner of the law, the 
business of his firm, Niles & Neff, carrying 
him into all the prominent courts of the State. 
His foremost position at the Bar of York 
county is universally recognized. Mr. Niles 
has also made a reputation for himself as a 
legal and literary writer and speaker. As presi- 
dent of the Pennsylvania Bar Association he 
won merited distinction, and his address made 
before that body at Bedford Springs, Pa., June 
27, 1905, in which he boldly denounced the 
State Legislature for violating its oaths and 
the Constitution, brought forth high com- 
mendation from the thinking members of his 
profession, and from good citizens every- 

Mr. Niles was married in 1886 to Miss 
Lillie Schall, a daughter of Michael Schall, of 
York. To this marriage was born one son, 
Michael Schall Niles. 

Mr. Niles has never aspired to a political 



career. He is a man of varied interests, and 
holds many positions of trust. Though he is 
still in middle life, he has achieved distinction 
in his profession, being senior member of the 
law firm of Niles & Neff, counsel and director 
of the Maryland & Pennsylvania Railroad 
Company, and president of the Keystone Farm 
Machine Company. 

Mr. Niles is a life member of the York 
County Historical Society, his influence always 
being used to promote its best interests. Fra- 
ternally he is a member of the Freemasons, 
and has attained the Knight Templar degree. 
Politically he is a Republican of the independ- 
ent type. In religious faith a Presbyterian, he 
has for many years been a supporter of the 
First Presbyterian Church and a member of 
the Board of Trustees. 

GEOFFREY P. YOST, of the well known 
firm of William Smith ii Co., extensive drug- 
gists of York, was born in Dover, York Co., 
Pa., on March 6, 1837. He is the grandson 
of John Yost, one of the pioneer settlers of 
Dover, and the son of Henry Yost, a native 
of the same place. Henry Yost married Miss 
Sarah Lenhart, a daughter of Peter Lenhart, a 
farmer of Dover township, York county. To 
this marriage only two children were born : 
Oliver J. (a former merchant of Dover, now 
deceased) and Geoffrey P. 

, Geoffrey P. Yost received his education in 
the schools of Dover and at the York County 
Academy. After teaching a short time he en- 
tered the book and drug store kept by Rev. 
Solomon Oswald, mastering the business there. 
In March, 1859, he entered the service of C. A. 
Morris & Co., druggists, which merged into- 
the firm of William Smith & Co., the 
business having been founded in 1823. By 
close attention to business Mr. Yost made his 
services so valuable that in 1872 he was taken 
into the firm as a member. On the death of Mr. 
Smith the firm name remained unchanged. 
The company now consists of the William 
Smith Estate, Geoffrey P. Yost, and Horace 
Smith, a son of the deceased. 

Mr. Yost married Miss Virginia E. Frey, 
daughter of Dr. Levi Frey, who at the time 
of his death was a practicing physician of 
York. To this marriage were born five chil- 
dren, four sons and one daughter : ( i ) Ed- 
mund Geoffrey, died at two and one-half years 
of age. (2) Donald Henry, attorney-at-law. 

was born Sept. 16, 1879, attended the York Col- 
legiate Institute, graduating in 1898, and in the 
fall of the same year entered the University 
of Pennsylvania. After taking one year in the 
collegiate department he entered the law de- 
partment of the university, graduating in the 
year 1902 with the degree of LL. B. In De- 
cember, 1902, he was admitted to practice in 
the courts of York county and later to the 
Supreme court of the State. (3) Frederick 
Randolph, pursued a course of tvi^o years at 
the University of Pennsylvania, and later 
studied at the Philadelphia College of Phar- 
macy, class of 1906. (4) Richard Frey is at- 
tending the York County Academy. (5) Ma- 
rion Louise is a graduate of the York Collegiate 
Institute, and afterward became a student at 
Wells College, New York. 

Besides his interest in the drug store Mr. 
Yost has been identified with many other mat- 
ters which have added to the progress of the 
city. He is one of the organizers of the Edi- 
son Electric Light Company, of York, and was 
its president for fifteen years (1884-99), un- 
til it passed into the hands of a syndicate. He 
is vice-president of the City Bank. Except 
that he is identified with the fraternal organi- 
zation known as the Artisans, he is not a mem- 
ber of any lodge. Mr. Yost belongs to St. 
Paul's Evangelical Lutheran Church of York^ 
Pa., and is active in all the interests with which 
he is identified, being an untiring as well as- 
successful worker. 

HORACE SMITH, member of the firm of 
William Smith & Co., one of the oldest and 
most prominent drug concerns of York, was- 
born in that city Oct. 3, 1857, son of Williami 
and Mary Elizabeth (Boyer) Smith. 

William Smith was born in Strasburg, Lan- 
caster Co., Pa., and removed to York when 
only twelve years of age, finding employment 
with C. A. Morris, druggist, and afterward be- 
coming the owner of the business. In this he 
continued until his death, April 27, 1888, be- 
ing then in his sixty-fifth year and having 
spent half a century in the drug business. He 
was a devout member of St. Paul's Lutheran 
Church, having been a member of the church 
council for many years, and no man in the- 
city was more highly esteemed or more widely 
beloved. He married Mary Elizabeth Boyer, 
a member of a prominent Baltimore family, and" 



she became the mother of eight children, as 
follows : Annie S., who married Dr. J . D. 
Heiges, dentist, of York, whose full sketch will 
be found elsewhere; Ida S., the wife of Pro- 
fessor Bauger (deceased), of Gettysburg, 
Pennsylvania; Mary E., who married W. H. 
McClellan, merchant, of York; Cassandra, at 
home; Horace; two children who died in in- 
fancy; and Charles M., who died in 1879, aged 
twenty-seven years. 

Horace Smith received his education in the 
York high school, the York County Academy 
and the York Collegiate Institute. He entered 
his father's drug store at the age of fifteen years 
and became a member of the firm in 1879. Mr. 
Smith is a partner in the business and repre- 
sents his father's estate as well, his partner 
being Geoffrey P. Yost. 

Horace Smith was married to Margaret M. 
Schall, . daughter of the late Jacob D. Schall, 
president of the First National Bank of York, 
and connected with one of the most prominent 
families in the city. Two children have come 
to this union: Jacob S., Nov. 10, 1882, a grad- 
uate of the Philadelphia College of Pharmacy, 
class of 1903, and Catherine Dorothy, born 
June 17, 1887, who graduated from the York 
Collegiate Institute in 1903. Mr. Smith is a 
member of St. Paul's Lutheran Church of 
York, where he was deacon for many years, 
and is as popular in church affairs as he is in 
business and social circles. 

in 1894, was the son of Lewis and Elizabeth 
(Eichelberger) Rosenmiller. He was married 
May 31, 1855, to Amanda C. Brillinger, and 
the young couple moved to York where Mr. 
Rosenmiller engaged in the hardware business, 
which was his occupation up to the last five 
years of his life. His death occurred in 1894, 
and he was interred in Prospect Hill cemetery. 
Nine children were born to the union of Joseph 
E. Rosenmiller and Amanda C. Brillinger, 
namely: Mary, who died young; John, who 
hved only three years and six months ; Henri- 
etta, Laura E., A. Jane and Florence, all at 
home; Anna, who died in 1896, aged twenty- 
eight; William Frederick, who married Anna 
Smyser, and is employed in the York County 
Bank, and Joseph F.', who died young. The 
family are members of St. John's Episcopal 
Church of York. In political belief Mr. Rosen- 

miller was a stanch Democrat, but never as- 
pired to office. 

Mrs. Amanda C. Rosenmiller, who has 
been a resident of York for many years, was 
born in York county in 1835, daughter of John 
and Leah (Smyser) Brillinger. Her father, 
born in Manchester township, was the son of 
John, a native of Germany, who emigrated to 
the United States. The other children in the 
grandfather's family, all of whom were born 
in Manchester township and died there, were: 
Jacob, who married Miss Elizabeth Ebert, and 
died in 1895; Polly; Elizabeth; Susan; and 

John Brillinger was sent first to the com- 
mon school of the township, and then to the 
York Academy, for several years, but at the 
age of eighteen he inherited his father's farm, 
upon which was also a sawmill, and this prop- 
erty was under his active management until 
1875. From that time until his death, in 1880, 
he lived retired. He was buried, as were his 
brother and sisters, in Prospect Hill cemetery. 
John Brillinger's wife, whose maiden name was 
Leah Smyser, was born in Manchester town- 
ship, the daughter of Peter and Barbara 
(Wolf) Smyser. She died in 1875, and her 
remains were laid in the same cemetery where 
her husband is buried. 

LER, A. M., lawyer and merchant, son of 
Lewis and Elizabeth (Eichelberger) Rosen- 
miller, is a native of York, and a descendant 
of a family prominent in the affairs of York 
and Adams counties. Lewis Rosenmiller, his 
grandfather, came to this country from Ger- 
many with the early settlers and purchased 
land in the present area of Adams county, Pa., 
where he married a Miss Bittinger, daughter 
of Capt. Nicholas Bittinger, a soldier of the 
Revolution. Lewis Rosenmiller, the father of 
Josiah, was born in Adams county in 1805, 
grew to manhood there, and in 1825 moved to 
York, where he engaged in the hardware 

Josiah Frederick Rosenmiller obtained his 
preliminary education in the public schools of 
York and was prepared for college at the York 
County Academy. As a student he excelled in 
the study of mathematics and the foreign lan- 
guages. Entering the College of New Jersey, 
now Princeton University, one of the largest 
and most influential educational institutions in 



America, he completed a thorough classical 
course there, and was graduated with honors 
in the class of 1848. Immediately after re- 
ceiving his degree he returned to York and 
began the study of law under Hon. Robert J. 
Fisher, who later served for a period of thirty 
years as president judge of the courts of York 
county. He was admitted to the Bar at York 
in 1850 and practiced law for several years. 
Soon after the death of his father Mr. Rosen- 
miller retired from the practice of his pro- 
fession and engaged in the hardware business 
on the north side of West Market street, near 
Centre Square. At thjs place he formed a co- 
partnership with his brother, Joseph E. Rosen- 
miller, under the firm name of Rosenmiller 
& Co. This firm conducted a very large and 
prosperous business for a period of forty years, 
until the death of his brother, in 1894. Since 
that time Mr. Rosenmiller has partially re- 
tired from the hardware trade, but has kept 
his store open for the accommodation of his 
friends and former customers, and still de- 
votes his time to his mercantile business in the 
room where he achieved so much success as 
a merchant in former years, for the Rosen- 
miller store has been one of the best known 
establishments in York for half a century. 
Early in life Mr. Rosenmiller joined the Ma- 
sonic fraternity, becoming a member of Zere- 
datha Lodge, No. 451, F. & A. M. ; he is also 
a member of Howell Chapter, No. 199, Royal 
Arch Masons, a position of honor iri the Ma- 
sonic fraternity, and is one of two living char- 
ter members of the York Club, a social organi- 
zation which has held prominence in York for 
many years. He is a member of St. John's 
Protestant Episcopal Church of York. During 
his professional and business career Mr. Rosen- 
miller has devoted his leisui-e time to the study 
of well selected books. He is a gentleman of 
intellectual cultui'e, possessing a vast fund of 
interesting and useful information. 

of Hon. John Gibson, president judge of the 
York county courts, was born at York April 
.7, 1866. He obtained his preparatory educa- 
tion in the York County Academy, York Col- 
legiate Institute and Shortlidge's Academy, at 
Media, Pa., and then entered Sheffield Scien- 
tific School, one of the departments of Yale 
University, from which institution he was 
graduated in 1887. He attended Columbia 
Law School, New York, read law in the of- 

fice of Vincent K. Keesey, and was admitted 
to the York county Bar in 1890. He was 
elected city solicitor in 1892, and was re-elected 
in 1894, serving in all four years. Mr. Gibson 
then devoted his attention to journalism and 
for a number of years was editor of the York 
Gazette and one year on the Evening World, 
New York, in various capacities. In May^ 
1900, he was elected mayor of York by the 
city councils, to succeed Capt. Frank Geise, 
who died while in office. In February of the 
next year he was chosen mayor at the general 
election, to complete the unexpired term of 
his predecessor. 

Mr. Gibson began his theological studies 
with Rev. Charles J. Wood, rector of St. 
John's Episcopal Church, at York, attended 
Virginia Theological Seminary, and was or- 
dained deacon June 11, 1903, in St. John's 
Church at York. He was ordained priest 
Nov. 25, 1903, in St. Luke's Church, Altoona, 
Pa., and shortly afterward accepted the rector- 
ship of Trinity Parish, Williamsport. Since 
'1905 he has been editor of the Harrisburg 
Churchman, the organ of the Diocese of Har- 
risburg. He was married Oct. 3, 1900, to Miss 
Harriet McKenney, daughter of the late Gen. 
William McKenney, of Center\'ille, Maryland. 

ceased). The city of York lost, by the death 
of Alexander Hamilton Nes, which occurred 
in 1879, one of its most energetic and honored 
citizens. He was for many years closely 
identified with the business interests of that 
city, and it was his great prudence, judgment 
and foresight that made his career so suc- 

Mr. Nes was born in York, in January, 
1827, son of William and Catherine Eva 
(Eichelberger) Nes, and was reared in this 
city, where he spent his life. He was educated 
in the schools of this city, and. when a young 
man, in icompany with W. H. Kurtz, took 
charge of his uncle's brewery, which he con- 
ducted a few years. He then engaged in the 
malt business, which occupation he followed 
luitil his death. Mr. Nes started in life a poor 
boy, and through his own efforts won his way 
to wealth and influence. His friends were all 
who knew him. He took considerable interest 
in the workings of the Democratic party, but 
although often urged, would never accept po- 
litical office. He was a director in various 
institutions, viz. — banks, turnpike companies. 



etc., and was a man of great influence in finan- 
cial circles. 

Mr. Nes was married in 1856 to Miss Eliza 
Brillinger, daughter of John and Leah 
(Smyser) Brillinger. Mrs. Nes was born in 
Manchester township, where her father owned 
and operated farms and mills, and where he 
spent his life, as his father, John Brillinger, 
likewise a farmer and miller, had also done. 
Mrs. Nes was the eldest of eight children: 
Amanda C, the wife of Joseph Rosenmiller, 
of West York; John, a resident of California; 
Horace, deceased; Jacob, a resident of York; 
Edwin, deceased ; Henry, deceased ; George, 
an insurance man of York; and Eliza, Mrs. 

Mr. and Mrs. Nes were the parents of two 
children: William, born in 1857, educated in 
York and at Princeton College, read law with 
Mr. Chapin, an attorney, and after his admit- 
tance to the bar, give his entire attention to the 
legal profession; he died in 1902, leaving- a 
widow and one son, — William ; Leah Kate, 
who married W. C. Warner, of Titusville, Pa." 
has a family of five children, Mary, Alex- 
ander, William, Frederick and Edith. Mrs. 
Nes resides at the old homestead, No. 119 
West Market street, where she is honored and 

HON. DANIEL F. LAFEAN, member of 
Congress, manufacturer and banker, was born 
in York, Feb. 7, 1861. His father, Charles F. 
Lafean, a prominent coal merchant, was of 
French descent, and his mother, Charlotte, 
daughter of Fredrick Kottcamp, of York, was 
of German descent. Both of his parents repre- 
sented families actively interested in the growth 
and development of the borough of York dur- 
ing the last century. They were well and 
favorably known for their industry, integrity 
and such other qualities as develop sturdy man- 
hood and womanhood. 

Mr. Lafean obtained his education in the 
public schools of his native city and early in 
life began his successful business career as a 
clerk in a store. Being attentive to duty, active 
and alert, he soon displayed qualities which 
marked him for promotion. After spending a 
short time in a notion store he was chosen a 
clerk in a large confectionery, owned and con- 
ducted by Peter C. Wiest, of York. In his 
early manhood he took advantage of all oppor- 
tunities afforded, and his employer soon found 
that his capabilities fitted him for a higher 

position of responsibility and trust. He care- 
fully studied the business in which he was en- 
gaged and was ever ready to suggest im- 
provements. He suggested many improve- 
ments and by hard study mastered the details 
of the candy business, and in 1878 accepted an 
offer from his employer to become a partner 
in the business. In 1883 he obtained a third 
interest therein. The products of the P. C. 
Wiest Company found ready sale and it soon 
developed to be one of the largest establish- 
ments of its kind in the country. In 1892 Mr. 
Wiest retired from the business and in 1895 
a stock company was formed and incorporated 
under the name of the P. C. Wiest Company, 
Mr. Lafean being elected its first president and 
treasurer. This responsible position gave him 
opportunity to display his remarkable business 
qualities and as a result thereof new buildings 
were erected and improved machinery added 
to enlarge the facilities for manufacturing 

Owing to the rapid increase of the business, 
and the inability of the company to secure suf- 
ficient help in the city of York to meet the de- 
mands for their product, it became necessary 
for them to locate at some other point. 
Various locations throughout Pennsylvania 
were carefully gone over, and on March i, 
1898, the business and property of the Breisch- 
Hine Company of Philadelphia was purchased 
and a corporation under the name of the Amer- 
ican Caramel Company was incorporated, with 
Mr. Lafean as its first president. The newly 
acquired property not only gave them the busi- 
ness of the old firm, but still largely increased 
the facilities for taking on new trade. The 
York and Philadelphia plants, however, in a 
few years also became too small to supply the 
increasing sales, and in 1900 the company ac- 
quired the business and property of the Lan- 
caster Caramel Company. This last acquisi- 
tion not only increased the volume of business, 
but gave to the company a very large foreign 
trade, which is being increased every year. Mr. 
Lafean is still the president of the American 
Caramel Company, whose plants are located at 
York, Lancaster and Philadelphia. Mr. Lafean 
is one of the pioneers in the confectionery 
trade, having been connected with the various 
plants for a period of twenty-eight years. He 
enjoys the confidence of his competitors, in so 
far that his advice is very often asked on points 
in which he is not a direct competitor. 

Mr. Lafean is connected with various other 




manufacturing concerns of his home town, 
among which is the York Silk Manufacturing 
Company, of which company he is also the 
president. This company has two plants at 
York and one each at Carlisle, Fleetwood and 
Kutztown, Pa. This company a few years ago 
started with one hundred looms and to-day 
has upward of one thousand looms, with an 
output of nearly two and a half million yards 
of black silk fabric per annum. This com- 
pany, as well as the one above referred to, has 
been forging ahead in leaps and bounds until 
to-day it is absolutely necessary to locate in 
other sections to secure a sufficient amount of 
skilled labor to properly fill the demands made 
upon the company for its product. 

Notwithstanding his extreme business 
activity, Mr. Lafean finds sufficient time to be 
devoted to the welfare of the residents of the 
20th Congressional district of Pennsylvania, 
which he represents in Congress. In August, 
1902, he was offered the Republican nomination 
for Congress from this district, and notwith- 
standing his declination was unanimously 
nominated upon the Republican ticket to repre- 
sent the counties of York and Adams in the 
national halls of Congress. He defeated Judge 
William McClean of Gettysburg by a major- 
ity of 591. Owing to Mr. Lafean being a 
very busy man, and engaged in numerous 
manufacturing enterprises, it was thought that 
he was only seeking the honor of the office 
and that he would not shoulder its responsibil- 
ities. In this, however, he agreeably surprised 
all, even his political opponents, by taking 
hold of the duties of the office and adopting 
business methods therein. It was not long until 
he gained the confidence of his constituents, 
and in 1904 was again unanimously nominated, 
and re-elected by a handsome majority of 
4,306 over his opponent, William McSherry, 
Esq., of Gettysburg, leading President Roose- 
velt's vote by 2,117. The promptness with 
which he attended to all matters pertaining to 
the office was a surprise to all, especially when 
it is known that his daily mail figures up into 
the hundreds. No constituent of his is turned 
away when asking a question or seeking in- 
formation. No letters remain unanswered, 
but on the contrary are promptly attended to. 
In his political office, as in his business career, 
Mr. Lafean has made a decided success. 

During his three years of service in Con- 
gress he has been of great benefit to the old 
soldier, his widow and orphans, having in that 

brief period assisted in having granted them 
over six hundred pensions. In the first session 
of the LIXth Congress Mr. Lafean was very 
successful in obtaining appropriations for his 
constituents in both Adams and York counties, 
among them being an appropriation of $15,000 
for the construction of good roads in Cumber- 
land township, Adams county, and $6,000 for 
the erection of a new lodge for the superintend- 
ent of the National Cemetery at Gettysburg. 
The appropriation of $75,000 for a site for a 
new Federal Building in the city of York al- 
most crowns his laurels. This building, the 
plans and drawings for which have been com- 
pleted by the Supervising Architect of the Uni- 
ted States Treasury Depaitment, will give his 
home town one of the finest and most expen- 
sive Federal Buildings in the State of Pennsyl- 
vania, with the possible exception of Pittsburg 
and Philadelphia. While his attention has 
been given in this direction he has not over- 
looked his rural constituency. During his term, 
he has secured complete county Rural Free De- 
livery service for the counties of York and! 
Adams, every public road in both these coun- 
ties being practically traversed by a Rural Free 
Delivery carrier. He has not only been of 
service to his rural constituency in the matter 
of increased mail facilities, but also to his city 
constituency, always being ready to co-operate 
with the postmaster in the city of York and 
various boroughs throughout the district for 
the purpose of obtaining the best possible serv- 
ice for them. 

The earnest and effective work accom- 
plished by Mr. Lafean during his short Con- 
gressional career endeared him in the hearts 
of his constituents to such an extent that he 
was renominated for Congress for a third time 
by the Republican party. Notwithstanding 
the fact that Mr. Lafean's party was torn 
asunder by factional feeling on State issues, 
he. after the hardest fight known in the history 
of this Congressional district, defeated Horace 
Keesey, Esq., one of the most prominent Demo- 
crats and member of the York county Bar, by 
a plurality of 449. 

In 1882 Mr. Lafean was married to Miss 
Emma Krone, of the city of York, and has 
three children : Stuart B., treasurer of the 
American Caramel Company and manager of 
the plant of this company at York; LeRoy, 
student at the LTniversity of Pennsylvania; and 
Robert, in attendance at the public schools of 



was born at York, Pa., April 4, 1859, son of 
Charles F. Lafean, a prominent citizen of York. 
He obtained his education in the public schools 
of his native city, and in 1878 entered the Phila- 
delphia College of Pharmacy. After spending 
three years at that institution he was graduated, 
in the year 1881. In September, 1881, Mr. 
Lafean opened a drug store on the south side 
of West Market street, in a building formerly 
owned by Gen. Jacob Spangler, three doors 
west of his present store. By diligence and 
'Careful attention to business he soon built up 
a large trade. In 1885 he moved his store to 
-No. II West Market street. Here he con- 
tinued to prosper in his business. In April, 
1886, he took in, as a partner, his brother, Ed- 
ward Charles Lafean, who had recently grad- 
xiated from the Philadelphia College of 
Pharmacy. It was at this time that the firm of 
A. H. Lafean & Brother was established. In 
■order to have increased facilities to enlarge 
their business the firm purchased in November, 
1886, the building at Nos. 6 and 8 West Market 
street, formerly the private residence of Hon. 
Henry Welsh, a leading citizen of York. After 
this valuable property was remodeled and 
changed from a private residence to a business 
house, the firm of A. H. Lafean & Brother, 
with improved opportunities, fitted up a drug 
store, and continued to do an extensive busi- 
ness. In 1904 they extended their room to a 
depth of no feet, and when completed and re- 
furnished it became one of the most commod- 
ious and best equipped drug stores in southern 
Pennsylvania. They have a large trade with 
the physicians of the city and county of York, 
as well as a successful general business. They 
also manufacture a number of specialties which 
bave had a large sale. 

Albert Henry Lafean was married to Ella 
A. Neiman, who died in 1890. She was the 
daughter of John Neiman, of York. Mr. 
Lafean's second wife was Elsie E. Berg, 
daughter of Rev. Andrew Berg, a Lutheran 
clergyman, who died at Leacock, Lancaster 
county. One son was born to Mr. Lafean by 
bis first wife, Wilbur Leroy, a graduate of 
the York high school in 1901, of the Philadel- 
phia College of Pharmacy in 1904, and now 
the representative of the American Silk Com- 
pany at Chicago. 

Mr. Lafean is prominent in Masonic circles. 
He is a past master in Zeredatha Lodge, No. 
451, served as high priest in Howell Chapter, 

No. 199, and also held the responsible position 
of eminent commander of York Commandery, 
No. 21. He belongs to the Royal Arcanum, 
the Artisans and the Bachelors Club. He is a 
member of St. Paul's Lutheran Church. In 
politics Mr. Lafean is an ardent Republican. 
He was elected to the common council for a 
term of two years from the Fourth ward of 
York, and he enjoys the distinction of having 
been elected on the Repubhcan ticket in a 
Democratic ward — the first occurrence of the 
kind in the history of that ward. 

ELLIS SMYSER LEWIS, treasurer of 
the York Trust Company, is descended from 
two of the oldest families in York county, 
Pa. He was born in York, Pa., Feb. 11, 1870, 
eldest son of Clay Eli and Ellen Sarah (Smy- 
ser) Lewis. 

The Lewis family is of ancient lineage, 
and of Welsh origin. The founder of that 
branch of the Lewis family from whom the 
subject of this sketch traces his descent was 
Ellis ap Lewis, or Ellis Lewis [the fifth in de- 
scent from John ap Griffith, the second son of 
Griffith ap Howell (living 1542), Lord of Nan- 
nau in Wales], who was born in Merioneth- 
shire, Wales, about 1680, his father dying while 
he was quite young. He embraced the Quaker 
faith, which invited persecution, and about 
1698 the family prepared to emigrate to Amer- 
ica but were prevented by illness, their house- 
hold goods, however, going on. Later they 
went to Ireland, and thence to Pennsylvania, 
Ellis Lewis' certificate of removal being dated 
at Mt. Mellick, Ireland, the 25th day of the 
5th month, 1708. 

Upon his arrival in Pennsylvania, Ellis 
Lewis went first to Haverford, subsequently 
settling in Kennett township, Chester county, 
where he was highly esteemed, being a "man 
of good understanding," and long- an Elder 
of Friends. He was twice married, (first) at 
Concord Meeting, Chester county. Pa., on the 
13th day of the second month, 171 3, to 
Elizabeth Newlin; (second) at Falls Meeting, 
Bucks county, Pa., on the nth day of the first 
month, 1723, to Mary Baldwin, a widow, who 
survived him. He died at Wilmington, Del., 
on the 31st day of the sixth month, 1750, and 
was buried at Kennett, Pennsylvania. 

The first wife of Ellis Lewis, Elizabeth, 
was tern on the 3d day of the first month, 
1687 or 1688, daughter of Nathaniel Newlin, 



the owner and settler of Newlin township in 
Chester county. Mr. Newlin was a member 
of the Provincial Assembly in 1698, et seq. ; 
in 1700 one of the Committee on the Revision 
of the Laws and Government of Pennsylvania, 
subsequently a Justice of the County Courts 
(1703 et seq.), and one of the Proprietary's 
Commissioners of Property; from 1722 until 
his death in 1729, one of the Trustees of the 
General Loan Office of the Province. Mr. 
Newlin's first wife, mother of Elizabeth, was 
Mary Mendenhall, or Mildenhall, of Milden- 
hall, County Wilts, England, whom he mar- 
ried April 17, 1685. His father, Nicholas 
Newlin, an Englishman by birth, came from 
Mt. Mellick, Queen's county, Ireland, to 
Pennsylvania, in 1683, settling in Concord 
township, Chester county. In 1684 he was 
commissioned, by Governor Penn, one of the 
Justices of the Courts of the county, while in 
the following year he was called to the Council 
of the Governor and Proprietary, William 
Penn, the founder of Pennsylvania. Nicholas 
Newlin died in May, 1699. 

Ellis Lewis had by his wife, Elizabeth 
Newlin, four children, namely : Robert, born 
1 714; Mary, born 1716; Nathaniel, born 171 7; 
and Ellis, born the 22d day of the third month, 

1719- . . 

Ellis Lewis, son of Ellis the emigrant, was 
married on the 25th day of the second month, 
1744, at Birmingham Meeting, Chester Co., 
Pa., to Ruth, daughter of John, an emigrant 
from Scotland to Chester county, and Ruth 
(Hind) Wilson, and died near Lewisberry, 
York county. Pa., in January, 1795, his wife 
surviving him. He, with John Rankin and 
Joseph Bennett, was among the first settlers 
in the northern part of York county, in what 
was known as Red Land Valley, near Lewis- 
berry. He had two children: Ellis; and Eli, 
born Jan. 31, 1750. 

Eli Lewis, son of Ellis Lewis, the founder 
of Lewisberry, was commissioned Major of 
the First Battalion, York County Militia, Oct. 
I, 1777. He took part in the battles of the 
Brandywine and Germantown, being captured 
either during the latter battle or shortly after- 
ward, and imprisoned in the Old Sugar House 
in New York, which was used by the British 
during their occupancy of Philadelphia as a 
prison pen. He was a man of very fair liter- 
aiy ability, and in 1792 wrote a poem of con- 
siderable merit, entitled "St. Clair's Defeat," 

"Inspired by grief, to tender friendship due, 
The trembling hand unfolds the tale to view. — 
A tale which strongly claims the pitying tear, 
And ev'ry feeling heart must bleed to hear." 

In August, 1790, he started the Harris- 
burg Monitor and Weekly Advertiser, the first 
newspaper published in the Capital City. In 
1798 he laid out the town of Lewisberry. He 
was connected with many public enterprises. 
Eli Lewis was married at Londongrove 
Monthly Meeting, Chester county. Pa., Nov. 
10, 1779, to Pamela Webster, who was born 
Nov. 19, 1759, daughter of John and Jane 
(Brinton) Webster. Mrs. Lewis died Feb. 
20, 1803, and her husband died Feb. i, 1807. 
They had children as follows : Webster, born 
Oct. 18, 1780; Eliza, born 1782; Phoebe, born 
1784; Pamela, born 1787;. EH, born 1789, 
president of the First National Bank, York, 
Pa.; Juliet, born 1792; Juliet, born 1794; 
James, born 1796, attorney-at-law, York, Pa., 
and president of York Bank; and Ellis, born 
1798, Chief Justice of Pennsylvania T854- 

Webster Lewis, eldest son of Eli, was born 
near what is now the town of Lewisberry, Pa., 
and died at New Cumberland, Cumberland 
Co., Pa., May 28, 1832. He was a physician, 
and practiced his profession in the country 
surrounding Lewisberry. He led in the inno- 
\-ation of growing the poppy and making the 
opium used in his practice. He was also skilled 
in the knowledge and practice of law in the 
courts of York county, to which he was ad- 
mitted in 1820. He married July 25, 1798, 
Mary Nebinger, born March 10, 1779, died 
Nov. 16, 1830, daughter of Dr. George and 
Ann (Rankin) Nebinger. Ann Rankin was 
a descendant of John Rankin and Joseph Ben- 
nett, referred to earlier in this sketch. They 
had children as follows : Robert Nebinger, 
born July 30, 1799; Ann, born 1801 ; George 
W., born 1803; Rankin, born 1804; Rebecca 
M., born 1808; Eli, born 181 1 ; Andrew, born 
1813; and James W., born 1815. 

Robert Nebinger Lewis, eldest son of 
Webster and Mary (Nebinger) Lewis, was 
born at or near Lewisberry, Pa., and died near 
Weigelstown, York county, March 16, 1846. 
He was a physician of great ability and prac- 
ticed for a time with his father at Lewisbern,-, 
but later located at Dover, York county, at 
which place he lived at the time of his death. 
He, with his father, was an active agent of the 



so-called "Underground Railroad," by which 
method numerous slaves were aided on their 
way to Canada from Maryland and the South. 
Several attempts were made on his life by the 
slave hunters when they found themselves 
balked in their efforts to recover their escap- 
ing slaves. On March 28, 1822, Robert Neb- 
inger Lewis married Mary Moore, born Feb. 
28, 1801, died Dec. 17, 1867, daughter of John 
and Sarah (Pugh) Moore. Mary Moore was 
a descendant of Andrew Moore, who settled 
in Red Land Valley, York county, about 1745 
or earlier. They had children as follows : 
Josephine S., born 1823, married Dr. Samuel 
Meisenhelder; Rebecca M., born 1825, married 
Samuel Smyser; Rush Webster, born 1827; 
Orfila I., born 1830; Mary A. H., born 1833, 
married D. F. W.ilt; Melchinger R., born 
1838; and Clay Eli, born April 5, 1844. 

Clay Eli Lewis, youngest son of Robert 
Nebinger and Mary (Moore) Lewis, was born 
in Dover, Pa., and at the time of his death in 
York, Dec. 10, 1897, was cashier of the West- 
ern National Bank of York, and connected in 
an official capacity with several other local 
corporations. He married April 26, 1869, in 
York, Ellen Sarah Smyser, second daughter 
of Joseph and Sarah (Weaver) Smyser, and 
had the following children : Ellis Smyser, 
born Feb. 11, 1870; Joseph Smyser, druggist; 
Mabel R., who was married to Morton C. 
Wilt; Sadie M., married to Ralph D. 
Smyser; Clay E., attorney-at-law ; Ellen K. ; 
Margaret Violet; and Mathias Smyser, at- 
tending school at Bordentown, N. J., Military 
Institute. Joseph Smyser, born Feb. i, 181 1, 
died Jan. 31, 1903, father of Mrs. Lewis, was 
the fourth in descent from Matthias Smyser, 
who was born Feb. 17, 171 5, at Reigelbach, 
Parish Lustenau, Germany, from which place he 
emigrated in 1731, first settling in York county 
near Kreutz Creek, subsequently settling about 
three miles west of York on the farm now be- 
longing to the Orphans' Home of York. This 
property was bequeathed to that institution by 
the late Samuel Smyser, a brother of the 
Joseph referred to above. 

Ellis Smyser Lewis was born in York, 
Pa., and was educated in the public schools 
of his native city, and the York County 
Academy. In 1885 he entered the Western 
National Bank of York as clerk, and in a few 
years became its teller. In 1891 he resigned 

to accept the position of cashier of the private 
bank of Smyser, Bott & Co., and upon its con- 
solidation with the York Trust Company in No- 
vember, 1894, became teller of the latter institu- 
tion. In October, 1899, he was elected treas- 
urer of the York Trust Company, which posi- 
tion he now holds. He is also connected with 
a number of local corporations, being treasurer 
of the following concerns : The York & Dover 
Electric Railway Co.; York & Dallastown 
Electric Railway Co.; Wrightsville & York 
Street Railway Co.; Red Lion & Windsor 
Street Railway Co. ; York Haven Street Rail- 
way Co.; York & Hanover Street Railway 
Co.; Wellsville Street Railway Co.; York & 
Maryland Line Street Railway Co.; York 
Steam Heating Co. ; Edison Electric Light Co. ; 
Westinghouse Electric Light, Heat & Power 
Co.; York Light, Heat & Power Co.; York 
Improvement Co.; York Suburban Land Co.; 
Hanover & McSherrystown Street Railway 
Co.; and Hanover Light, Heat & Power Co. 
He is a director, vice-president and treasurer 
of the York Engineering Co. ; a director and 
treasurer of the Pennsylvania Securities Co.; 
treasurer of the York County Street Railways 
Beneficial Association ; and he is treasurer and 
secretary of the West End Sewer Co.; York 
Hotel Co.; Gettysburg (Pa.) Gas Co.; and 
Susquehanna & York Borough Turnpike Co. ; 
a director and secretary of the Star Building 
& Loan Association ; and a director of the York 
Transit Co. (Buffalo, New York). 

He is a member of the following societies : 
York Lodge, No. 266, F. & A. M. (of which 
lodge he is a past master) ; Howell Chapter, 
No. 199, Royal Arch Masons; York Comman- 
dery, No. 21, Knights Templar; Harrisburg 
Consistory, 32d degree, A. A. S. R. ; Pennsyl- 
vania Society of Sons of the Revolution; The 
Colonial Society of Pennsylvania; Vigilant 
Steam Fire & Chemical Engine Co., No. i, 
of York, Pa. ; Royal Fire Company, No. 6, 
of York, Pa. ; and York County Historical So- 
ciety. Mr. Lewis is a Lutheran, a member of 
St. Paul's English Evangelical Lutheran 
Church, and was a member of its church coun- 
cil from 1894 to 1899, during which time he 
was its secretary. 

In politics Mr. Lewis is a Republican, but 
until recently has taken no active part in politi- 
cal affairs. In 1904 he was elected a member 



of the Select Council from the Eleventh ward 
of York, for a period of four years, and in 
April, 1905, he was elected president of the 
Select Council for the ensuing year. In April, 
1906, he was again elected to the same position. 

On June 14, 1894, Mr. Lewis married, in 
Greencastle, Pa., Emma Wilson, daughter of 
Captain and Rev. Frederick and Anna E. 
(Wilson) Klinefelter, and their children are : 
Anna Wilson and Ellis. Mrs. Lewis is a mem- 
^r of the Yorktown Chapter of the Society of 
the Daughters of the American Revolution, 
her father's grandfather having served as a 
soldier of that war. 

Frederick Klinefelter, father of Mrs. 
Lewis, was a descendant of Melchoir Kline- 
felter, who emigrated from Germany to Penn- 
sylvania in 1750, and settled near Shrewsbury. 
He was born in York, Sept. 26, 1836, young- 
■est son of Adam and Sarah (Doudel) Kline- 
felter, and died in that city July 28, 1903. 
He enlisted twice in the Union army during the 
Civil war. He left Gettysburg College, where 
he was a student, on Lincoln's call for three 
months' men, and enlisted April 25, 1861, in 
Company H, i6th Pa. V. L, served under Gen. 
Patterson in Maryland and Virginia, and was 
discharged at the expiration of his term of en- 
listment, July 31, 1 86 1. On June 17, 1863, he 
was commissioned by Governor A. G. Curtin 
Captain of Company A, 26th Pennsylvania 
Militia, a company composed of students of 
the Theological Seminary and College at 
Gettysburg, and mustered out in August, 1863. 
On Aug. 7, 1863, he was drafted for United 
States service, but was relieved Aug. 25th of 
the same year by paying $300 commutation. 

Frederick Klinefelter graduated from 
Pennsylvania College in 1 862 ; he was a mem- 
ber of the Phi Gamma Delta. He graduated 
from the Theological Seminary at Gettysburg 
Pa., in 1864, and was ordained to the ministry 
at Hanover, Pa., Sept. 5th, of that year. He 
married (first) Sept. 4, 1866, Anna Elizabeth, 
who was born July 16, 1832, and died June 14, 
1884, daughter of David G. and Emma 
(Moore) Wilson, of Philadelphia. David G. 
Wilson was a son of John and Ann (Wood) 
Wilson; his wife, Emma, was a daughter of 
Enoch and Elizabeth (Alderman) Moore. 
Mr. Klinefelter married (second) April 2, 
1891, Clara A. Wunderlich, of Chambersburg, 
who died suddenly Aug. 3, 1904, at Moore's, 
Delaware Co., Pennsylvania. 

Adam Klinefelter, father of Frederick, was 
born near Shrewsbury, Pa., April 9, 1796, and 
died in York, May i, 1871. He was a son of 
Michael Klinefelter. Sarah (Doudel) Kline- 
felter, mother of Frederick, was born in York, 
Oct. 18, 1794, and died in that city Nov. 30, 
1867. Her parents were Jacob and Catherine 
(Dinkel) Doudel. 

Jacob Doudel, who was born June 28, 1 760, 
and died Sept. 21, 1837, enHsted in 1776, as 
a drummer boy in Capt. Michael Doudel's 
Company, of York, under Col. Swope. He en- 
listed again in November, 1782, under Capt. 
Ford, Major Bailey commanding. 

GEORGE E. NEFF, member of the law 
firm of Niles & Neff, of York, was born Aug. 
12, i860, at Wenona, Marshall Co., 111., son 
of George W. and Mary Ann (Lehr) Neff. 
Mr. Neff attended the public schools of York, 
Pa., graduating from the high school in the 
class of 1877, after which he took up the read- 
ing of law. He received his preparation for 
the profession under William H. Kain, Esq., 
now deceased, and was admitted to the Bar 
July IS, 1882. In October, 1884, Mr. Neff 
formed a partnership with W. F. Bay Stewart 
and Henry C. Niles, the firm taking the name 
of Stewart, Niles & Neff, and continuing as 
such until Mr. Stewart was elected Judge. 
Since January i, 1896, it has been Niles & 
Neff. Mr. Neff was in the public service as 
member of the common council of York in 
1885. He is a member of St. Paul's Evangel- 
ical Lutheran Church of York. 

GEORGE W. HEIGES (deceased). Sel- 
dom has any man in public life won for him- 
self so warm a place in the esteem and af- 
fection of all who were brought in contact 
with him as did George W. Heiges during 
the thirty odd years he spent in York. The 
city of York lost a favored son in his death, 
but she did not sorrow alone. The county of 
York mourned a distinguished public ser- 
vant, and the State of Pennsylvania was de- 
prived of the services of an eminent practi- 
tioner of law. His death occurred Dec. 3, 

George W. Heiges was born in Dillsburg, 
York county. May 18, 1842, son of Jacob and 
Elizabeth (Mumper) Heiges, and he was 
reared at Dillsburg, where he attended the pub- 
lic schools, also going to the Normal school and 



Newville Academy. At the age of seventeen 
years Mr. Heiges began teaching in the vicin- 
ity of his home, and in 1861 located in York, 
to accept a position under his brother, Samuel 
B. Heiges, superintendent of the York schools. 
In the fall of 1862 Mr. Heiges took charge of 
the Cottage Hill college, which he conducted 
until 1865, when it was closed, and he took up 
the study of law under D. J. Williams. After 
being admitted to the Bar he located in York, 
opening an office alone, and from that time 
until his death practiced law extensively. Mr. 
Heiges served in the State Legislature in 1873 
and 1874, and filled the office of burgess of 
York borough, being the last to fill that office. 
Mr. Heiges was ever ready to aid his city or 
county in any way, and his influence in the 
Democratic ranks, of which he was a stanch 
member, was such that he was many times ap- 
pointed to stump the State, when the occasion 
warranted. When his services were in de- 
mand, Mr. Heiges was ever ready, and the 
effect of his work was felt throughout the 

Mr. Heiges was a member of the F. & A. 
M., charter member of Zeredatha Lodge of 
York, No. 451, P. M.; Howell Chapter No. 
199, past high priest; York Commandery, No. 
21, P. C. ; member of the I. O. O. F. ; was a 
member of the State Bar Association and of 
the Pennsylvania German Society. He was a 
communicant of St. John's Episcopal Church, 
and was a member of the choir for many years, 
being the first leader of the boy choir, and was 
also active in Sabbath school work. 

George W. Heiges married in York, Mary 
E. Gallager, daughter of John and Frances A. 
(Days) Gallager; she died Dec. 7, 1905. Mr. 
and Mrs. Heiges had two children : Helen D., 
who died in 1 896, at the age of twenty years ; 
and Stuart S., at home. The latter is organist 
at the First M. E. Church, and leader of the 
City Band of York, of which he has been con- 
ductor since he was nineteen years of age, be- 
ing one of the youngest band leaders in the 
State, and he is also an instructor on the clar- 
inet, and gives private lessons on the piano. 

The parents of Mrs. Heiges are both de- 
ceased. The father came from County Done- 
gal, town of Ramelton, Ireland, with his par- 
ents at the age of twelve years, locating in 
Westmoreland county. His father was Thomas 
Gallager, whose father was a cousin of Eliz- 

abeth Patterson, who became the wife of Bona- 
parte. Thomas Gallager married a Miss Mc- 
Elhinny, a native of London, and after locat- 
ing in Westmoreland county, settled upon a 
large farm upon which he lived until his death. 
He was one of the prosperous citizens of that 
section of Pennsylvania, and was vestryman 
of the Episcopal Church at Greensburg. He 
reared a large family, whom he gave the ad- 
vantages of a good education. 

John Gallager, Mrs. Heiges' father, was 
born in 1802, and died in 1865, in York, in 
the home where Mrs. Heiges resided. He 
was educated at Dickinson College, Carlisle, 
and when a young man went to Baltimore, Md., 
and associated himself with Thomas and James 
Harwood, commission merchants, in 1830 com- 
ing to York where he engaged in a mercantile 
business, which he followed until his death. 
He was vestryman of St. John's Episcopal 
Church, and V. P. of St. Patrick's Beneficial 
Society. He married Miss Frances A. Day, 
of Frederick, Md., who was of German ances- 
try. She died in 1847, ^^ the age of thirty- 
three years, the mother of two children : Isa- 
bella, the widow of I. A. Coombs, a soldier of 
the Civil war; and Mary G., who married 
George W. Heiges. 

For a long period of years, commencing as 
early as 1683, and continuing, practically with 
a steadily increasing flow, to the very dawn of 
the American Revolution, a great tide of Ger- 
man immigrants, mostly from the Palatinate, 
swept across the Atlantic to the shores of this 
Western world. The wanton destruction of 
towns and cities; the unnecessary and wide- 
spread devastation of landed estates; the in- 
dustrial depression which affected all the walks 
of life; the political and religious ostracism 
and oppression everywhere prevalent, as at- 
tendant and dependent upon the great conti- 
nental wars, left an aftermath of poverty and 
want, of distress and of suffering, so bitter, and 
of conditions, political and religious, so chaotic 
and so trying, as to impel thousands of all 
classes and conditions to look elsewhere for 
some ray of hope to pierce the almost im- 
penetrable gloom of a situation no longer en- 

To these anxious seekers for a brighter day, 
for a land of promise, wherein there should be 
absolute freedom of conscience, and where 

: .<:4iB.i,x«_>«a- , 





each, without onerous restrictions, could reap 
the fruit of his labors, none appealed with such 
force and favor as the land of Penn. Doubt- 
less the glamour of this far-distant country, 
picture of fact and fancy, so different from 
their own miserable surroundings, added en- 
chantment to the view, and in these sylvan 
shades they sought that release from care and 
anxiety elsewhere denied. To this great Com- 
monwealth, rich in material resources, with 
boundless treasure hidden in the bowels of the 
earth, with its wooded hills and valleys, and 
soil of unsurpassed fertility, that great in- 
fusion of German blood, inspired by an ardent 
love for liberty, tempered by a safe con- 
servatism, and by profound religious convic- 
tions, was a Godsend — a blessing of untold 
magnitude — reaching through all the years that 
now lie buried in the past, yet finding un- 
diminished force in the living present. Of the 
history of this great State they have illumined 
every page; theirs is no ignoble place; not less 
than others they have blazed their way to name 
and fame. Never, on field or forum, have they 
played a minor part ; in battle their blood has 
flowed as freely, and in the council chamber 
their wisdom has shone as brilliantly, as that 
of those born under other skies. 

At the port of Philadelphia, from the ship 
''Neptune," John Mason, captain, Sept. 24, 
1 75 1, landed a German immigrant, by name 
David Meisenhelder — erroneously given as 
David Maisheller. As to his birth and ante- 
cedents the lapse of time has left no trace. He 
wended his way westward to Lancaster county. 
Pa., and undoubtedly settled in that locality. 
The records of Trinity Lutheran Church, Lan- 
caster city, show that to him and his wife Mar- 
garetha, nee Fischer, was born a son, Aug. 14, 
1752; a second son was born Nov. 3, 1753, 
and a third, April 8, 1756. The second son, 
baptized Johann David Meisenhelder, was the 
great-grandfather of the subject of this sketch. 
During the war of the Revolution he lived in 
Mount Joy township, Lancaster county, and, in 
the year 1776 was enrolled therein as a free- 
man, and taxed fifteen shillings. In the latter 
part of the eighteenth century he moved to 
York county, and settled in Dover township, 
building a log dwelling-house, one and one-half 
stories high, and a stone barn, on the north side 
of Fox run, and about one-fourth of a mile 
west of the Bull road. Here he lived and pros- 
pered, and his increasing landed possessions 
required the erection of additional buildings. 

A stone dwelling-house, a large stone barn, and 
a stone chopping-mill were built in 18 18, on 
the low ground nearer the creek. He died in 
1819, and the ancestral acres, at one time said 
to have been four hundred, passed into the 
hands of his sons John and Samuel. He left 
a large family — not an unusual thing in those 
early days. One son, Jacob, was the paternal 
grandfather, and Anna Maria Neumann, 
daughter of George Neumann, was the paternal 
grandmother, of Dr. Edmund W. Meisen- 

Edmund Washington Meisenhelder was 
born Feb. 22, 1843, i" the village of Dover, 
York Co., Pa., in a log dwelling of the earlier 
days, which he can still distinctly recall. His 
father was Dr. Samuel Meisenhelder, a son of 
Jacob Meisenhelder, a lineal descendant of the 
immigrant of 1751. For many years Dr. Sam- 
uel Meisenhelder was a practitioner of medi- 
cine in East Berlin, Adams Co., Pa. He died 
in 1883, respected and honored by all who 
knew him. 

The mother of the subject of this sketch 
was Josephine Sarah Meisenhelder, nee Lewis, 
the daughter and oldest child of Dr. Robert 
Lewis and Mary (Moore) Lewis. Dr. Robert 
Lewis was a lineal descendant of that Ellis- 
Lewis who came over to America in 1708, 
from the North of Ireland. The stock was of 
Quaker faith, primarily Welsh, but the family- 
migrated to Ireland at the close of the Seven- 
teenth century. Dr. Robert Lewis was an emi- 
nent and successful physician ; a man of pro- 
found convictions ; an unswerving advocate of 
human rights, and an active agent in the man- 
agement of that "Underground Railroad," 
which, in the days of intense slavery agitation, 
long before the Civil war — through the dark- 
ness of the night and through agencies un- 
known — speeded the fleeing slave from bond- 
age to freedom. Because of his activity, and 
practical sympathy for the slave, a reward was 
offered for his apprehension and conviction. 

From the earliest days Edmund W. Meisen- 
helder manifested an intense love of learning. 
He distinctly recalls how, as a mere child, 
prone upon the floor, in front of the fire upon 
the hearth, by its flickering glare, he pored over 
his juvenile books. As the years rolled on his 
devotion to books increased, and the longing- 
for the acquisition of knowledge was intensi- 
fied. Through the common schools of the 
State, from grade to grade, he passed, until in 
the summer of 1859 he entered the preparatory 



department of Pennsylvania College, at Gettys- 
burg; was admitted to the Freshman class, in 
the fall of i860, and divided the Freshman 
prize, for highest scholarship, with two of his 
classmates. In the Junior year he took the 
Hassler gold medal for proficiency in Latin 
language, literature, and composition, and in 
the ensuing (Senior) year was graduated at 
the head of his class. 

In the summer of 1863, during that invasion 
of Pennsylvania which culminated in the battle 
of Gettysburg, he enlisted in Company A, 26th 
Pennsylvania Volunteer Militia. This com- 
pany was largely made up of students from the 
college and seminary, and was the first to re- 
spond to Governor Curtin's "Emergency call." 
In the summer of 1864, after his graduation, 
"he enlisted in Company D, 210th Regiment 
Pennsylvania Volunteers, and was sent to the 
front with his regiment. As regimental 
•quartermaster sergeant, and later on as second 
lieutenant of Company D, he took part in 
Grant's final campaign in front of Petersburg, 
and was present at the surrender of Lee's worn 
and wasted battalions. With the close of the 
war he was honorably discharged, and, once 
more a simple citizen, took up the study of that 
profession the practice of which has been his 
life-work. After a full course, supplemented 
by two summer courses, he was graduated from 
Jefferson Medical College in the spring of 1868. 
Since that time he has been actively engaged in 
the practice of his profession, until the spring 
of 1 87 1 with his father, and since, in York, 
Pa. In all the years which have elapsed since 
he entered upon his professional career he has 
been active, energetic, and unselfish in the dis- 
charge of its varied duties. This conscientious 
devotion to his work has characterized his en- 
tire life, and has brought to him large responsi- 
"bilities, leaving little time indeed for rest, and 
the cultivation of other fields of effort which he 
loves, and for which he has a natural aptitude. 
Into his life-work he has steadily endeavored 
to infuse all the good that can come from the 
close association of the thoughtful mind, the 
feeling heart, and the helping hand. In the 
broadest, noblest sense, in the medical profes- 
sion, what men do for others, for humanity, 
not for self, erects a monument more beautiful 
than chiseled marble, more enduring than 
b)rass or granite shaft — a monument wreathed 
with the sweetest flowers of love and gratitude. 

On Dec. 22, 1870, Dr. Edmund W. Meis- 
<enhelder was united in marriage to Miss Maria 

Elizabeth Baughman, daughter of Jacob B. 
Baughman and Lydia (Swartz) Baughman, 
of Baughmansville, York Co., Pa. To this 
marriage have been born four children : Rob- 
ert L., a Lutheran minister in charge of a 
mission church at Harrisburg, Pa. ; Edmund 
W., a graduate of Johns Hopkins Medical 
School, now associated with him in practice; 
Samuel B., a law student at Harvard, and 
Mary E., a student at Smith College, North- 
ampton, Massachusetts. 

In faith, like his paternal ancestry, Dr. 
Meisenhekler is a Lutheran, but absolutely de- 
void of sectarian bias, and inclined to the widest 
liberality of thought consistent with the car- 
dinal principles of the Christian religion. In 
politics he is a Republican of the most inde- 
pendent type, believing that the good citizen — 
law-abiding, public-spirited, patriotic, and con- 
scientious — is, far and away, the superior of 
the servile partisan. As becomes a soldier of 
the war for the preservation of the Union, as 
befits one who has coursing through his veins 
the blood of a Revolu'tionary ancestry, he 
scorns to own a boss, or to be a boss in turn — 
to thus besmirch and belittle the glorious herit- 
age "bequeathed from bleeding sire to son." 
Mellowed by the observation and experience of 
years, he has gathered wisdom from their les- 
sons, and recognizes, in all its cogency, the 
broad fact that the country is far above party, 
and that no one party enjoys a monopoly of pa- 
triotism, or political righteousness or of politi- 
cal corruption. With the courage of his convic- 
tions, and fearless in the advocacy of the 
Right, he is a firm and unflinching friend of 
every progressive agency, and of every reform 
which is intended for the betterment of the 
race. It is a far greater honor — a far nobler am- 
bition — to serve under the spotless banner of 
the Right, than to lead the forces of ex- 
pediency, or Wrong. 

For Right is Right, as God is God, 

And Right the day must win; 
To doubt would be disloyalty. 

To falter would be sin. 

HOWARD E. YOUNG, president of the 
J. S. Young Company, Baltimore, Md., and 
of T- S. Young & Co., Limited, Hanover and 
Shrewsbury, Pa., is one of the leading manu- 
facturers of the day in York county and the 
city of Baltimore. He was born at Hanover, 
York Co., Pa., April 20, 1856, and is a son of 
the late John S. Young, who during a pros- 

/ f 



perous business career was successful also in 
building up the interests of Hanover, and 
became prominent and influential both in his 
native town and in Baltimore. 

Mr. Young obtained his preparatory edu- 
cation in a private school at Hanover and a 
private school at Ithaca, N. Y. Jn order to 
fit himself thoroughly for the active duties of 
life, he then took a business course in the city 
of Philadelphia, and upon leaving school en- 
tered into business with his father, in 1873 
becoming a member of the firm of J. S. Young 
&. Co. In 1876, upon the incorporation of the 
J. S. Young Company, he was made secre- 
tary of the company. At this time the J. S. 
Young Company owned a large establishment 
for the manufacture of bark extracts and 
flavine at Hanover, and a similar establish- 
ment at Shrewsbury Station, York Co., Pa. 
In 1883 they founded an extensive business at 
Boston and Elliott streets, Baltimore, in the 
manufacture of licorice and sumac extracts, 
■erecting a mill, which is one of the largest in 
the country. The product of the various mills 
IS distributed all over the United States, Eng- 
land and Germany. They are manufacturers 
of Greek and Spanish licorice paste. The 
licorice root used in the mills of the company 
is obtained in Russia and Turkey in Europe, 
and brought to Baltimore in ship loads. The 
■business is conducted on an extensive scale, a 
branch office being maintained at Nos. 130- 
132 Pearl street. New York. 

From the very beginning of his association 
with the J. S. Young Company Mr. Howard 
E. Young was active and influential in the 
transaction of all their affairs. At his father's 
-death, in 1899, he became president of the J. 
'S. Young Company, of Baltimore, and of J. S. 
Young & Co., of Hanover, and has since di- 
rected their steadily increasing business. 

Like his father, Mr. Young has always 
been deeply solicitous for the material growth 
and development of his native town of Han- 
over apart from his merely personal interest 
in projects affecting his business. He was one 
of the prime movers in the organization of the 
Hanover Cordage Company, in 1890, and the 
president of that concern until it was sold to 
the National Cordage Company. He was 
president of the Hanover Telephone Company, 
which he and others organized in 1894, and 
which developed into a growing and prosper- 
ous corporation. When the Consumers' 
Water Company of Hanover was organized in 

1895, for the purpose of increasing the water 
supply of the town, he became treasurer; this 
company later bought out the original com- 
pany, acquiring its charter, franchises and 
plant, which were consolidated with their own. 
Mr. Young was a director of the Baltimore & 
Harrisburg branch of the Western Maryland 
railroad from 1891 to 1906, was its president 
from 1 901 to 1906, and is now a director of 
the Maryland & Pennsylvania railroad. He is 
also a director of the Mercantile Trust & De- 
posit Company, of Baltimore, Maryland. 

In political faith Mr. Young is a Repub- 
lican, but he takes no very active part in such 
matters, and has never held office with the ex- 
ception of that of member of the school board, 
to which position he was elected in 1885; he 
served two terms as president of that board. 
Mr. Young was married in 1878 to Martha, 
daughter of Edward H. Etzler, a prominent 
grain merchant of Hanover and Baltimore. To 
them have been born three children, Edward 
E., John S. and Mary C. 

Edward E. Young, the eldest son of How- 
ard E. Young, was educated at a private school 
at Ithaca, N. Y., and at the age of nineteen 
became associated with the business of the J. 
S. Young Company at Hanover and Balti- 
more, succeeding his father as secretary and 
treasurer. His interest in and remarkable 
capacity for business became evident at once, 
and he was untiring in his efforts in everything 
he attempted, to do, displaying traits which 
qualified him for high responsibilities. He 
was personally popular with all his associates, 
and was highly esteemed by everyone who 
knew him. After a prosperous career of only 
four years, he died at Baltimore, Md., Feb. 17, 
1902. John S. Young, the second son of How- 
ard E. Young, obtained his education in the 
public schools of Hanover, and a private school 
at Ithaca, N. Y. At the death of his brother, 
Edward, he took his position in the business 
of the J. S. Young Company, of which he has 
been both secretary and treasurer since 1902. 
Mary C. Young, the only daughter, was edu- 
cated in the public schools and at The Castle, 
an educational institution for young ladies at 
Tarrytown, New York. 

The family residence, one of the hand- 
somest houses in Hanover, is on Carlisle 
street, being located on the same piece of 
ground bought by Mr. Young's great-grand- 
father, William Young, March 30, 1795, and 
which was his place of residence until his 



death, in 1850. This property has continued 
in the family until the present time. 

JOHN M. YOUNG, attorney-at-law and 
director and treasurer of the Williamsport 
Iron & Nail Company, was born at Middle- 
town, Ohio, Aug. 30, 1845, son of William 
and Eliza (Mumma) Young. His father, 
William Young, a grandson of Charles Young, 
who settled in the vicinity of Hanover in 1746, 
was born at Hanover Jan. 11, 1803. 

Early in life William Young moved to Mid- 
dletown, Ohio, where he carried on an ex- 
tensive business, which he continued for a 
period of forty years. He was one of the rep- 
resentative men of the town and county with 
which he was so long identified. His wife 
died at Middletown Feb. 4, 1848. In 1863 
William Young retired from business and re- 
turned to his native town of Hanover, where 
he died Aug. 30, 1889, at the advanced age of 
eighty-six years. He had a vivid recollection 
of many events and incidents relating to the 
early history of Hanover, and recalled them 
with eager interest and greatest accuracy. Will- 
iam and Eliza (Mumma) Young had five chil- 
dren, three of whom died in infancy. Mary R., 
their daughter, married William A. Schreyer, 
of Milton, Pa., Dec. 12, 1861. She died June 
22, 1876, and her husband died Dec. 15, 1903. 
They had six children, of whom two died in 
infancy; Maria E. married W. R. Kramer, 
now living in Williamsport, Pa. ; Rebecca Y. 
is living in Milton; John Y. married Carrie 
H. Smith, of Washington, D. C, has two chil- 
dren, and lives in Milton; Harry H. married 
Bertha Datesman, of West Milton, has two 
children, and lives in Milton. 

John M. Young obtained his preparatory 
education in the schools of his native town 
and at Hanover. He then entered Pennsyl- 
vania College, at Gettysburg, and was gradu- 
ated from that institution in 1865. He read 
law in the office of Judge David Wills, of 
Gettysburg, and completed his legal studies 
at Harvard Law School. He was admitted 
to the Bar at Gettysburg in 1868, and began 
the practice of law in Kansas, and continued 
to follow that profession at Middletown, Ohio, 
and in York, Pa., until 1883. Becoming in- 
terested in the manufacturing business, he 
moved to Williamsport, Pa., where he resides. 
Since 1884 he has been treasurer and director 
of the Williamsport Iron & Nail Company, 
and is prominently identified with the public 

affairs of that enterprising city. He is a mem- 
ber of the Board of Trade, Brandon Park 
Commission, and director of the First National 
Bank of Williamsport. Mr. Young showed 
his patriotism during the Civil war by enlist- 
ing three times in the Union army, in 1862, 
1863 and 1864. He received an honorable 
discharge each time, and is a member of Reno 
Post, Grand Army of the Republic, of Will- 

Mr. Young was married at Gettysburg in 
1868 to Carrie Van Patten, who was born in 
Washington in 1848. She is a descendant on 
her father's side from Charles Frecieric Van 
Patten, one of the founders of Schenectady, 
N. Y., and of Charles Hansen Toll, a member 
from New York to the Continental Congress, 
in which he served for thirteen years. On her 
mother's side she is a direct descendant of 
John Harper, who in 1681 came from England 
with William Penn (in the ship "Welcome"), 
and settled in Frankfort, now a part of Phila- 
delphia. John M. and Carrie (Van Patten) 
Young have eight children : William, born in 
Topeka, Kans., now practicing law in New 
York City, and a member of the New York 
Legislature; Edwin P., bom in Middletown, 
Ohio, now a practicing lawyer in Pittsburg; 
John Paul, born in Middletown, Ohio, now 
general manager of the Youngstown (Ohio) 
Car Works, and married to Margaret K. 
Oliver, of Pittsburg; Charles Van Patten, 
bom in Middletown, now professor at Cornell 
University, Ithaca, N. Y., and married to 
Eleanor Mahaffey, of Williamsport, Pa. ; 
George H., bom in York, now superintendent 
and assistant treasurer of the Williamsport 
Iron & Nail Company, married to Alice D. 
Holland, of New York City; Mary, born in 
Middletown, and Carrie Van Patten and Ruth 
Van Patten, born in York. All the sons and 
the daughter Carrie graduated at Comell Uni- 
versity. Mary was graduated at Wellesley, 
Mass., and in Germany. Ruth graduated at 
the Williamsport high school, finished at 
Wellesley, and is married to Carl G. Allen, of 
Williamsport, Pennsylvania. 

HENRY C. SMYSER. The successful 
commercial career of Henry C. Smyser illus- 
trates the advantages that are afforded in the 
aggressive State of Pennsylvania for men. of 
integrity and courage, who have a capacity for 
business and are willing to strike hard blows. 



Mr. Smyser was born July 12, 1844, in York, 
where he has made his home ever since. 

In looking over the records of the Smyser 
family we find that Mathias Smyser was born 
in the village of Rugelbach, belonging to the 
Parish Lustenan, about six miles west of 
Dunkelsbuhl, in Germany, Feb. 17, 171 5. 
Dunkelsbuhl is a considerable town within a 
few miles of the boundary of the kingdom of 
Bavaria. Rugelbach is situated within a few 
miles of the boundary which divides that king- 
dom from that of Bavaria. Dunkelsbuhl is 
nearly in a straight line between Stuttgart and 
Nuremberg, about seventy-five miles from the 
former and about sixty miles W. S. W. from 
the latter. 

The parents of Mathias Smyser were Mar- 
tin and Anna Barbara Smyser. Of the early 
history of Mathias or his father, Martin, little 
is known at this day, further than that Martin 
was a respectable farmer and member of the 
Lutheran Church, within the above named par- 
ish, and that his son Mathias, with his brother, 
George, and sister, Margaretta, emigrated to 
America about 1732, or probably at an earlier 
period. Mathias, it seems, first settled in the 
neighborhood of Kreutz Creek, York county, 
where he followed the weaving business, soon 
afterward taking up a large body of land in 
the neighborhood of what is now called Spring 
Forge, in the same county. It is said that, an- 
xious to get neighbors, Mathias made presents 
of several farms from his own tract to such as 
agreed to improve and live on them. Whether 
his brother, George, was one of those who re- 
ceived a plantation from him on the same terms 
mentioned is not certainly known, but it is 
known that the two brothers were neighbors at 
the above named place, and it is said that Ma- 
thias, after some years' residence there, find- 
ing that he had parted with the best portion of 
his land, sold out and purchased a tract of about 
four hundred or five hundred acres from a Mr. 
Henthorn, about three miles west of York, to 
which he removed May 3, 1745. On this farm 
he continued to reside until his death, in 1778. 

George Smyser, brother of Mathias, pur- 
chased a farm somewhere between York and 
York Haven, where he resided several years, 
and then, not being pleased with the quality of 
his land, he sold it and removed to the back- 
woods, as the west and southwest country was 
then called, probably to some part of Virginia, 

and nothing from the time of his removal is 
definitely known of him. There are, however, 
Smysers residing in the neighborhood of Louis- 
ville, Ky., and it is thought that they are de- 
scendants of George Smyser, the brother of 

Mathias Smyser left to survive him three 
sons and six daughters : Michael, Jacob and 
Mathias; Dorothy, Sabina, Rosanna, Eliza- 
beth, Anna Maria and Susanna. Michael Smy- 
ger, the eldest, was born in 1740 and died in 
1 810; Jacob was born in 1742 and died in 
1794; Mathias, born in 1744, died in 1829; 
Anna Maria, the next to the youngest daughter, 
was born in 1757 and died in 1833; Susanna, 
the youngest, born in 1760, died in 1840; and 
the ages of the other daughters are not at pres- 
ent known. 

Michael Smyser, eldest son of Mathias, was 
long and extensively known as a respectable 
farmer and tavern-keeper, the owner of a well- 
cultivated farm of about two hundred acres, 
which was cut from a portion of his father's 
farm, and, although not favored with a liberal 
education, was known as a man of discrimi- 
nating mind and sound judgment. He was 
early associated with the leading Revolutionary 
patriots of the country, and marched to the 
battlefield as captain of a company in Col. M. 
Swope's regiment, and was one of those who 
were taken prisoner at Fort Washington, on 
the Hudson, near New York, on Nov. 16, 1776. 
He became colonel of his regiment, and the 
sword carried by him in the War of Independ- 
ence may now be seen in the York County His- 
torical Society rooms. In 1778 he was elected 
one of the members of the House of Repre- 
sentatives in the State Legislature for York 
County, and from that time until 1790 he was 
seven times chosen to serve in that capacity. In 
1 790 and 1 794 he was elected to the State Sen- 
ate, serv'ing until 1798. 

Jacob Smyser, the second son of Mathias, 
was also a respectable farmer and for some 
years a justice of the peace. In 1789 he was 
elected to the House of Representatives, and 
a few years afterward died at the age of fifty- 
one years. 

Mathias Smyser, the youngest of the three 
sons, resided at the mansion home of his fath- 
er, where he quietly pursued the useful occu- 
pation of an agriculturist, laboring with his 
own hands for many years, and maintaining- 



in the course of a long life the well-earned rep- 
utation of an honest man, of the strictest in- 
tegrity. In the Revolutionary war he was also 
in the service for some time, not as a soldier, 
but as a teamster, conducting a baggage wag- 
on, and was throughout a zealous advocate of 
the Whig cause. He lived to be over eighty- 
four years old, a greater age, by several years, 
tiian any of his brothers or sisters attained. 

The descendants of Mathias Smyser, the 
eldest, have become very numerous. His old- 
est son, Michael, left three sons and four 
■daughters : Peter, Elizabeth, Sarah, Jacob, 
Mar}^, Michael and Susan. Jacob, his second 
son, left children : Henry, Jacob, Martin, John, 
Catherine, Daniel, Peter and Adam. Mathias, 
the third son, had seven children, viz. : Cath- 
erine, Polly, George, Jacob, Mathias, Philip 
and Henry. His eldest daughter, Dorothy, 
who married Peter Hoke, left eight children: 
Michael, Clorrissa, Catherine, Peter, Jacob, 
Sarah, Polly and George. Sabina mar- 
ried Jacob Swope and resided in Lan- 
caster county, where she left five sons, 
Jacob, George, Mathias, Emanuel and Frede- 
rick, and two daughters. Rosanna mar- 
ried George Maul and resided for some 
years in the town of York, and afterward 
removed to Virginia, with her husband, locat- 
ing between Noland's Ferry on the Potomac 
and Leesburg in Loudoun county, where she 
died about 1796 or 1797, leaving four daugh- 
ters and one son : Susan, Catherine, Polly, Peg- 
gy and Philip, Elizabeth, George and Daniel 
«acli having lived to the age of twenty years, 
and Peggy and Philip having died since 1806. 
Elizabetii married Leonard Eichelberger, and 
at the time of her death was residing near 
Dillsburg, York county. She left four sons, 
Jacob, Frederick, George and John, and foLir 
daughters whose names are not known. Anm 
Maria, married Martin Ebers, and left: 
George, Martin, Daniel, Adam, Michael, Su- 
san, Helena and Anna Mary. Susan, the 
youngest daughter, married Philip Ebert, and 
left one son and four daughters to surv've ii -^ 
Henr-'-, Elizabeth, Catherine, Lydia and Sarah. 
Her youngest son, Michael, who died about 
a year before his mother, had resided in St. 
Louis, Mo., where he had engaged as a mer- 
chant. Her second daughter, the wife of lieni-y 
Small, also died about two years previous to 
her death. Thus we have sixty-four grandsons 
and daughters of Mathias Smyser the elder, 

nearly all of whom are now living and have or 
have had families. 

In April, 1839, Mathias Smyser, the grand- 
son of Mathias, set out to make a tour through 
a part of Europe. He was then fifty-six years 
old and had spent his past life as a farmer in 
York county. The main object of his trip to 
Europe was to visit the birthplace of his grand- 
father. There was nothing in this country by 
which the place of his nativity could be traced 
except the inscription on his tombstone in the 
burying-ground of the Lutheran Church in the 
borough of York. Mr. Smyser sailed from 
New York for Havre, France, where he ar- 
rived in safety. From Havre he traveled 
through the interior of France to Geneva ; from 
Geneva his main route was to Lausanne, Berne, 
Basel, Freybergin, the Dukedom of Baden, 
Strasburg, Baden, Karlsruhe, Stuttgart, Kreil- 
sheim and then to Dunkelsbuhl, where he in- 
quired for Rugelbach, and found that he was 
within six miles of his destination. This is a 
small village inhabited by farmers, and in it- 
self is not interesting to a stranger, but to him 
who sought it as being the birthplace of his an- 
cestor it was a spot of intense interest. When 
the house was pointed out to him in which his 
grandfather had been born 124 years previous, 
still known by the name of Schmeisser's house, 
though its present occupants were of another 
name, when he beheld this time-worn, humble 
mansion, when he entered it and felt a con- 
sciousness of being within the same walls, prob- 
ably treading upon the same floor which, more 
than a century before, had been trodden by his 
grandfather, his gratification can hardly be im- 
agined by us, who have not experienced it. 
Mr. Smyser called upon the pastor of 
the parish, the Reverend Sieskind, and made 
known to him his desire to see his grandfath- 
er's name on the baptismal register. The rev- 
erend gentleman opened the ancient book, but 
through age and accident it had become much 
mutilated, and it took hours of patient search 
before the following interesting entry was 
found: "Mathias Schmeisser, born 17th day 
of February, 171 5, son of Martin Schmeisser 
and his wife, Anna Barbara, was baptized," &c. 
This record agrees precisely with that on his 
tombstone in America. The minister next led 
Mr. Smyser to the church of the parish and 
pointed out to him the tanfstein, assuring him 
that, according to the unvarying custom, be- 
fore that stone, and on that spot, his grand- 



father had been baptized. In the register men- 
tioned above and also in that of a village called 
Dreiber, some miles distant, the name of 
Schmeisser was very often found. Mathias 
Smyser met with a man named Andrew 
Schmeisser, at or near Mossbach, who was 
sixty-seven years of age, with whom he was 
greatly pleased, seeing in him a strong resemb- 
lance to his own father, especially when the lat- 
ter was about the same age. They may have 
been second cousins, although Andrew 
Schmeisser had no recollection of hearing that 
a Mathias Schmeisser had emigrated to Amer- 

Mathias Smyser the elder must have joined 
the first Lutheran congregation organized in 
York and its vicinity soon after his arrival in 
America, for his name, together with that of 
George Smyser, is found among the names of 
the members of that congregation, which com- 
menced the erection of a church, a wooden 
structure, in 1752. In the graveyard connected 
with this church, in 1778, his body was inter- 
red, the evidence of which is found on his 
tombstone. The Smyser family were all warm 
and active supporters of the American cause 
during the Revolutionary struggle. Col. 
Michael Smyser being a useful man in the 
councils of that time, as well as in the field. 
When the war commenced in 1775, and the 
port of Boston was closed, for the purpose of 
starving the people of that important point in- 
to submission, a committee of twelve persons 
of York county was formed for the purpose of 
affording relief to their distressed brethren of 
Boston. A sum of nearly two hundred and 
fifty pounds specie, a large sum at that time, 
was raised and remitted to John Hancock, af- 
terward president of Congress, with a spirited 
letter of encouragement and promises of fur- 
ther assistance. These facts are recorded for 
the honor of our country in the American 
Archives at Washington with the names of 
the committee. Michael Smyser was an active 
and leading member of that committee and re- 
mitted, as a part of the above sum, from Man- 
chester township, six pounds, twelve shillings, 
one pence. If the American cause had failed 
all the members of that committee, as well as 
their illustrious correspondent, on -whose head 
a price was set, would have forfeited their lives 
on the scaffold. 

Col. Michael Smyser' s son, Jacob Smyser, 

was the grandfather of our subject, and was 
born in West Manchester township, where he 
was reared on a farm. He then came to York 
and engaged in the tanning business, which he 
carried on extensively and made his life occu- 
pation. He was active in Christ Lutheran 
Church of York and lived to an advanced age. 
He married Margaretta Tessler, who bore him 
the following children: Israel, Michael and 
Henry. Henry went to Pittsburg, Pa., from 
where he traveled to Ohio, some of his descend- 
ants still residing there. Michael was asso- 
ciated with his brother, Israel, in his business, 
that of tanning, and each owned a lumber yard 
in connection, operating extensively, the lum- 
ber business, however, being secondary to their 
tanning industry. 

Israel Smyser, the father of our subject,, 
was bom in 1800, in York, where he died in 
1848, being buried in the Prospect Hill ceme- 
tery. He married Miss Matilda Ebert, daugh- 
ter of Daniel and Susan (Ernst) Ebert. Dan- 
iel Ebert was one of the well-to-do farmers of 
York and his death, or supposed death, has al- 
ways remained a mystery, as he disappeared af- 
ter going to Baltimore, where he drew a large 
sum of money. Mrs. Smyser, our subject's 
mother, died Dec. 18, 1873, ^^ the age of sixty- 
six years. She had the following children: 
Margaretta, who was the wife of David Gart- 
man, and both are deceased ; Celinda, the wife 
if John F. Stein, of Philadelphia; Charles E., 
a farmer of Dover township ; Rebecca E., whcv 
died single; Daniel E., deceased; George M., 
deceased; and Henry C, the subject of this 

Henry C. Smyser was the youngest child 
of his parents. He received his education in 
the public schools of his native town, and when 
not at school assisted his brother at the lumber 
yard. At the age of nineteen years he entered 
the book store of Hiram Young, as a clerk, re- 
maining with him for fifteen years, and in 
1878, with John M. Brown, under the firm 
name of Brown & Smyser, engaged in the lum- 
ber business, which he carried on continuously 
for twenty-six years. In 1904 Mr. Smyser re- 
tired from active life, giving up all business 
cares, and since that time has lived a quiet, 
peaceful life in his fine residence at No. 214 
South George street, York. 

Henry C. Smyser was married Jan. i, 
1865, to Miss Isabella C. Vandersloot, daughter 



of Rev. F. W. and Mary (Whitman) Vander- 
sloot, and they are the parents of one child, 
Mary M., who is at home. The family are 
members of St. Paul's Evangelical Lutheran 
Church, in which Mr. Smyser has been one of 
the board of officers for fifteen years. 

ADAM F. GEESEY. One hundred and 
sixty-two years of intimate connection with the 
afifairs of York county should entitle the 
Geesey family to respectful and full considera- 
tion in a work devoted to biographical records 
of the most prominent families of the county. 
The facts herein presented were furnished by 
the gentleman whose name heads this review, 
and who, himself, at the age of sixty-four years, 
looks back on a most active and honorable 
"business career passed within the bounds of the 
county. Many of the material improvements 
-completed in York owe their initiation to Adam 
F. Geesey, the most marked of these being 
possibly the attractive residence suburb of the 
city known as "Cottage Place," of which he 
was the originator. 

The first authentic record of this family 
places the|n in Canton Berne, Switzerland, 
from which country they were driven by re- 
ligious persecution over into Holland, where 
they continued to reside until 1738, in which 
year they landed at Philadelphia from the long 
ocean voyage in the good ship "Molley," from 
Rotterdam. In the records of the old St. John's 
Union Reformed and Lutheran Church it ap- 
pears that Martin Geesey settled in York 
county, seven miles from what is now the city 
of York, in the year 1742. He was a farmer 
and wood worker. Martin Geesey became the 
father of John Jacob Geesey, born in 1748, 
and he in turn became the parent of Jacob 
Geesey, born March 28, 1770. This gentleman, 
who was the grandfather of Adam F. Geesey, 
was a man of influence in the county, having 
held commissions as captain of militia from 
Governors Mifflin and McLean. 

Jonathan Geesey, the father of Adam F., 
was born near the old homestead April 7, 181 1. 
He followed the occupation of his father and 
in turn became a man of position and influence, 
acquiring a reputation throughout the county 
as a counselor in matters of business. He mar- 
ried into a family which was also an old and 
honorable one, his wife's maiden name having 
been Sarah Flinchbaugh. She was the daugh- 
ter of Adam, whose father, also named 
Adam, was the original emigrant of that 

family, coming to York county from Germany 
in 1752. Jonathan Geesey was the father of 
seven sons, one of whom died in infancy, and 
another at the age of sixty-three. Five still 
survive, the eldest being now seventy-three 
years of age. The father of this family lived 
to the age of sixty-six, dying in April, 1877; 
the mother, surviving him some twenty years, 
died in March, 1897, at the age of eighty-eight 

The birth of Adam F. Geesey occurred on 
the old homestead Nov. 21, 1841. He was 
reared to farm life and secured his education 
in the schools of his home district, applying 
himself to such purpose as to fit himself to be- 
come a teacher. This occupation he followed 
for several years, until the time arrived when 
he felt it his duty to give his support in the 
fight then waging for the maintenance of the 
Union. He enlisted in Company K, 200th P. 
V. I., but his service with that command was 
not of long duration, owing to sickness. After 
recuperating he again enlisted, in 1865, this 
time as a member of Company G, 103d P. V. 
I., in which organization he served until the 
close of the war. 

Upon returning" from the field Mr. Geesey 
launched a mercantile enterprise at Dallas- 
town, York county, which he continued with 
success through a period of seventeen years. 
He then removed to York, where he again en- 
gaged in the mercantile business. This was 
terminated by his election, in 1878, on the 
Democratic ticket, as treasurer of York county, 
his popularity in that county being evidenced 
by the handsome majority of 2,900 which he 
received over his opponent. He served his 
own term of three years, and was then given 
power of attorney to conduct the office by his 
successor, John L. Landis, who was unable to 
attend to the duties of the position. In the six 
years which he gave to the management of 
the county's finances Mr. Geesey made a record 
which will continue for all time to furnish in- 
centive to his successors. Upon assuming con- 
trol he found a debt of $365,000 hanging over 
the county. His efforts were given to the re- 
duction of same, and with it came a conse- 
quent reduction of the tax rate. Upon turning- 
the office over to his successor, the debt had 
been entirely wiped out, and he was able to 
hand over a surplus of some $28,000. The tax 
rate had sunk to three mills. 

The success of Mr. Geesey in the treas- 
urer's office soon caused his selection (in July, 

,=^J^4i^— «^^ 



1885) by Collector of Internal Revenue John 
T. MacGonigal, of Lancaster, to take charge of 
the collector's office in York county. Here he 
served acceptably the following five years. 
This ended the public service of Mr. Geesey, 
which was entirely honorable and marked with 
efficiency and integrity to the close. 

Mr. Geesey, now deciding to try the jour- 
nalistic field, had, in 1887, purchased the York 
Gazette, and until 1893 devoted the greater 
part of his time to the upbuilding of that news- 
paper property. This he disposed of in 1893, 
and again took up the business of his younger 
manhood, merchandising, in which he engaged 
until 1899, when he sold out. He has not since 
been identified with the commercial life of the 

Mr. Geesey's later activities have been in 
the development of trolley line systems, he hav- 
ing since 1900 been instrumental in the build- 
ing of the Manchester, York & Dallastown and 
the York & Wrightsville lines. He is also a 
director in the Security Title & Trust Company 
of York, and has large real estate interests in 
the city. 

The story of the development of "Cottage 
Place," York's aristocratic suburb, has been 
closely connected with the life of Mr. Geesey 
during the past two decades. After his elec- 
tion to the office of county treasurer Mr. 
Geesey, in selecting a place to build a home, 
purchased two blocks of ground and put up 
the handsome residence which, he has since 
occupied. Being unable to secure gas except 
at an exorbitant cost, he interested himself 
in the organization of the Edison Electric 
Light Company of York, and after establish- 
ing the service began systematically to develop 
his scheme for a suburb which would attract 
builders of a high class, and it has resulted in 
the finest residence portion of the city. The 
Edison Electric Light Company was organized 
in 1883, and two years later was in operation. 
The lots which Mr. Geesey parted with off the 
original purchase were sold with the proviso 
that each building should be set back fifty 
■feet ofT the street. Mr. Geesey retained his 
interest in the electric light company until 1900, 
when he sold to the company now in charge. 
It is a matter of record — and fairly a part of 
the history of the city — that the Edison Light 
Company of York owed its birth and present 
success to Mr. Geesey, who clung to it through 
all the years of its early struggles, never for a 
moment doubting the ultimate success which 

came to it. It is proper also to state in this 
connection that the York Steam Heating Com- 
pany was founded by our subject in 1898, and 
he is still a director and superintendent ; it was 
an adjunct of the electric light company. 

The domestic life of Mr. Geesey has been 
most felicitous. It began in 1866 with his mar- 
riage to Miss B. Helen Hovis, daughter of 
Jacob, a farmer of York county, and of a very 
old family in the county. To this marriage 
came seven children, three of the sons dying 
in infancy, and two daughters in early child- 
hood. The two survivors are Arthur H., born 
Dec. 8, 1888, and now at school; and Clarence 
A., the latter being the eldest. 

Clarence A. Geesey was born at Dallas- 
town, Oct. I. 1870, and has for a number of 
years been an important factor in the business 
interests of York. After finishing the course 
at York Collegiate Institute he matriculated at 
Pennsylvania College, Gettysburg, and finished 
his education there. In 1893 he became asso- 
ciated with his father in the mercantile busi- 
ness in York, continuing until the disposal of 
the business as stated. During his association 
with the mercantile interests of the city Mr. 
Geesey became influential in the merchants' 
organization known as the Merchants' Associa- 
tion of York, and of which he became secre- 
tary in 1898. In the same year he became a di- 
rector and member of the Executive Committee 
of the Retail Merchants' Association of Penn- 
sylvania, and in 1903 a director and second 
vice-president of the Retailers' Mutual Fire 
Insurance Company, of Pennsylvania. 

Among other activities in which Mr. Clar- 
ence A. Geesey is interested is the York Steam 
Heating- Company, his connection with this 
important enterprise commencing in 1899, and 
he has for some time been District steam engi- 
neer ; he is also president of the Manoline Com- 
pany, who are compounders of pharmaceutical 
preparations, this firm doing a national and in- 
ternational business. The Geesey Motor Car 
Company, of which he is the head "nd which 
has offices in the Geesey Building, is located 
at No. 2G South George street, the lot being 
the site where the Confederate cavalry leader. 
Gen. Jubal Early, met the burgess of York 
for negotiations concerning the sum to be paid 
for his saving the city. 

Clarence A. Geesey resides in an elegant 
home at "Cottage Place," with his wife and 
one child, Adam F., Jr. Their other child, 
Charlotte Louise, died July 26, 1905, aged 



about one year. His wife comes of one of the 
prominent families, her maiden name having 
been Hattie Lafean, and she is a daughter of 
Charles Lafean, deceased, and sister of Con- 
gressman Lafean. She is a lady of much refine- 
ment of character and presides over her home 
with dignity and grace, which make her and 
husband most popular in York society. Mr. 
Geesey is a worthy member of York Masonic 
Lodge, No. 266, having been a Mason since 
1867, is also prominent in the councils of the 
Royal Arcanum, and still retains his member- 
ship in his college fraternity, the Phi Kappa 

The foregoing will serve imperfectly to 
note the salient facts concerning one of York's 
most prominent families. It is a record preg- 
nant with suggestions of integrity and indus- 
try. The head of the family, Mr. Adam F. 
Geesey, is a broad-gauge man of intense activ- 
ity and energy. He carries his enthusiasm into 
social and religious fields, as well as business, 
and is a tower of strength in the moral life of 
the community by reason thereof. In matters 
of philanthropic effort he is active, though he 
cleaves to the Bible injunction, for the most 
part, so that the recipients of his beneficence 
are unaware of the source of their relief. Taken 
all in all, he is a man whom to know is an in- 
spiration and whose career ought to be a beni- 
son to the hundreds of youth who have come 
under its influence. 

GEORGE P. SMYSER. York is particu- 
larly noted for having among her citizens 
prominent factors of the business world, men 
whose names are as familiar in the great cen- 
ters of industry as many who are rated as 
kings of commerce and finance. The biogra- 
pher is privileged to present here one of these 
gentlemen, a man whose operations extend into 
some thirty or more different corporations, 
many of them of high capitalization and ex- 
tensive business. He is more familiarly known 
as the president of the E. G. Smyser Sons' 
Company, one of the most important iron con- 
cerns in the State. 

Generations ago the name of Smyser was a 
familiar one in York county, as references to 
the first volume of this work will disclose. 
This generation of the family comprises the 
three sons who compose the E. G. Smyser 
Sons' Company: George P., born in York 
May 20, 1843, Henry M., born Nov. 10, 1844, 

and James A., born Feb. 4, 1849. George P. 
and Henry, who is unmarried, reside in York, 
while James, who married Mary, daughter of 
Lemuel Townsend, has resided in Baltimore 
since 1877, ^'^d is prominent in the business 
world there, being president of the Builders' 
Exchange Company, a director of the First 
National Bank, and having business connec- 
tions with many prominent corporations. 

George P. Smyser's resident life has been 
passed in York. After securing a good educa- 
tion in the York County Academy he entered 
the iron works of his father, who required all 
his sons to acquire an actual knowledge of the 
business by actual service. Here he spent 
four years in the machine department and 
three in the foundry. He then continued in 
various higher positions in the business part 
of the concern, and in 1875, ^^i company with 
his brother Henry M., was made a member of 
the firm of which he is now president, pre- 
ceding the entrance of James by three years. 
The growth of the business has been phenome- 
nal, the structural and ornamental iron which 
is manufactured being sold in every State in 
the Union and in many foreign countries. It 
is worthy of note as a testimonial to the high 
character of the firm and the product that 
they constructed the New York end of the 
Brooklyn bridge, a piece of mechanical engi- 
neering unsurpassed in any country. 

To record the different activities of Mr. 
Smyser would take pages of this volume. Sev- 
eral of the more important are the York Trac- 
tion Company and its lines, the Central Mar- 
ket Company, of which he is president, and 
the York Trust Company, of which he is a 

In the religious, educational and social 
world our subject takes a prominent part, being 
connected, officially and otherwise, with many 
different institutions which have for their ob- 
ject the uplifting of humanity. In fact, there 
is not a man in York to whom the word 
"brother" has a broader significance. As a 
lifelong member of the Lutheran Church he has 
been a powerful factor in the spread of its 
beneficent doctrines. He has been an elder in 
the old Zion Church in York for the past sev- 
enteen years, and has for many years been a 
member of the Board of Lutheran Church Ex- 
tension of the United States. In the educa- 
tional field he is equally active, serving one 
term on the board of school control, until he 

, /. K/^^^U^^l^ 



removed from that district, as trustee of the 
York County Academy since 1887, and as 
trustee of the York Orphans' Home. 

Socially Mr. Smyser is a Knight Templar 
and a Mystic Shriner, while in politics he is 
active in the councils of the Democratic party. 
Mr. Smyser has always been uncompromising 
in his opposition to the financial vagaries of 
the western wing of the party and in 1896 was 
delegate to the National Convention of the 
Gold Democrats in Indianapolis. He is now 
proud to know that the efforts of himself and 
his compeers have at last borne fruit in the 
return of the party to its old-time position on 
the money question. 

The home which Mr. Smyser maintains in 
York is a model one, both in point of archi- 
tectural excellence and comfort and in its 
happy domesticity. Our subject and his wife 
were married in York Nov. 22, 1865, her 
maiden name having been Jane V. Fulton. Mrs. 
Smyser was the daughter of Thomas H. Ful- 
ton, a cotton manufacturer, and her death oc- 
curred Dec. 26, 1895, at the age of fifty-eight 
years. Of the children born to this union, 
Mary S., the eldest daughter, is the wife of 
William Kinzer, of Lancaster; S. Jane D. mar- 
ried George H. Jeffers, son of Dr. Jeffers, 
president of the York Collegiate Institute ; and 
Annie G. is now Mrs. W. F. O. Rosenmiller, 
her husband being connected with the York 
County Bank. 

Life with our subject has never been a 
burden, but rather a joyous possibility. He 
drives his business, never giving it the reins, 
thus avoiding the mistake that wears out men 
prematurely. He takes care to relax the mind 
with change of thought and scene, and, though 
busv at all times, thus secures the rest which 
comes from the change of occupation. In pur- 
suance of this idea he has traveled extensively, 
first becoming thoroughly acquainted with our 
own glorious heritage, and then crossing the 
ocean to the continent of Europe. In the five 
trips he has made to the Old World and the 
Holy Land Mr. Smyser has become thoroughly 
familiar with the Orient, its people and cus- 
toms, and is thus a most entertaining and in- 
structive companion. 

In closing this review of the career of one 
of York's most esteemed citizens, the author 
feels that he voices the sentiment of all her 
people in giving him the highest meed of 
praise for the manly, helpful character which 

he has developed among them. His life has 
been an inspiration to many struggling youths, 
and an example of patient thrift and industry 
to all. 

JOHN C. SCHMIDT, president of the 
Standard Chain Company, York, was born on 
March 16, 1859, at Carlisle, Pa., and received 
his education in the schools of St. Paul, Minn., 
the York Collegiate Institute and at Stuttgart, 
Germany. In 1876, after completing his edu- 
cation, ;\Ir. Schmidt became connected with 
P. A. & S. Small's store, with which he re- 
mained until the fall of 1881, when he engaged 
in the manufacture of chains in York. He was 
alone in the business, which expanded with 
great rapidity, and he next bought the Key- 
stone Chain Works, operating both plants for 
several years. These manufactories were sub- 
secjuently consolidated, and a factory was built 
in a new location, the business culminating in 
the birth of the Standard Chain Company. 
This concern controls fifteen chain factories, 
and Mr. Schmidt has been president of the 
firm since March 14, 1900. The main office 
is located in Pittsburg, while branches are to 
be found at York and Carlisle, Pa., Columbus, 
and St. Marys, Ohio, and Marion, Ind. Mr. 
Schmidt has other large business interests, be- 
ing a director of the York National Bank, an 
office he has held for over twenty years ; a di- 
rector of the York Gas Company and a director 
in the York Water Company, and prominently 
connected with the Western Maryland Rail- 
road and other corporations. 

John C. Schmidt was married April 17, 
1890. to Miss Anna M. Small, daughter of the 
late W. Latimer Small, and three children have 
been born to this union, namely : Katherine 
Riley, who is attending a private school which 
is maintained by a few families of York, of 
which Mrs. Schmidt was an organizer and pro- 
moter; Henry Duncan, \\^ho attends the York 
County Academy; and Mary Dalrymple, a pu- 
pil at a private school. 

Mr. Schmidt belongs to the Lafayette and 
Countr}' Clubs, in which he is very popular. 
In religioxis views he is an Episcopalian, at- 
tending St. John's Episcopal Church, in which 
he has been secretary of the vestry for more 
than twenty years. Politically he is a Repub- 
lican: but in politics, as in all the afifairs of 
life, he is broad-minded and liberal. Mr. 



Schmidt is also president of the Schmidt & 
Ault Paper Company, operating the Codorus 
Paper Mills, with an output of 5,000 tons per 
annum. Their specialties are rosin-sized 
sheathing, carpet linings and butcher's wrap- 
ping paper, which find a market from New 
England to California. The business was 
started in 1897 with an annual output of 1,000 
tons, its growth, like that of the Standard 
Chain Company, having been phenomenal un- 
der Mr. Schmidt's personal direction. 

CAPT. JOHN FAHS, president of the 
Western National Bank of York, has long oc- 
cupied a position of prominence in that city 
and county, as a leader in successful business 
enterprises and progressive public undertak- 
ings. In the intelligent direction of his own 
affairs he has had the opportunity to observe 
the needs of the community, and has given his 
time and attention to promoting the general 
welfare as unreservedly as he does to his per- 
sonal interests. The Captain comes of a 
family which is among the oldest in York, and 
his record as a citizen and soldier does credit 
to the sturdy stock from which he springs. 

John Fahs, his grandfather, was born at 
Emaus, Lehigh Co., Pa., and in his youth 
learned the blacksmith's trade, which he fol- 
lowed until long past middle life. This was 
in the days prior to railroads, and all his work 
was from his own forgings. The work was 
hard and confining, but he was industrious and 
prospered, investing his savings in land, own- 
ing many acres in and around Bottstown (now 
part of the city of York), Y^ork county, the 
greater part of which is now owned by his 
grandson, Capt. John Fahs. He died Sept. 5, 
1834, aged sixty-nine years. He was known 
as a very kind-hearted and liberal man, and it 
was known that there were those in life whose 
start was due to the kin-d assistance, without 
other reward than gratitude, given by John 
Fahs. In after life, when he became possessed 
of much means, he could often be found in the 
old shop, chatting familiarly with his success- 
ors, and in many ways indicating his love for 
his' old calUng and old friends. _ In politics 
he was a Democrat, as were and ai-e all of his 
progeny. He married Eva Feiser, a native of 
Dover township, York county, and their chil- 
dren were : John, mentioned below ; Daniel, 
who married Miss Markey ; Samuel, who mar- 
ried Airs. Alterdise (born Wier) ; Elizabeth, 

who married Daniel Dinkle. All are deceased. 
John Fahs, Sr., son of John, learned the 
blacksmith's trade with his father at Bottstown, 
which he followed with profit until his removal 
to a farm one mile northwest of Bottstown, 
locating on a tract at that time owned by his 
father. To this he added, in time having 166 
acres, all but forty acres of which is now owned 
by Capt. John Fahs. His home was in West 
Manchester township, York county, until his 
retirement in the spring of 1853, when he re- 
turned to Bottstown, where he temporarily 
resided until the fall of 1854, when he pur- 
chased and moved to the Judge Bonham prop- 
erty at York borough, now No. 437 West Mar- 
ket street, where he spent the remainder of his 

John Fahs, Sr., married Susan Ilgenfritz, 
daughter of Samuel Ilgenfritz, a wagoner, of 
York, and she died in 1871, in her seventy- 
seventh year, at the home in York. Mr. Fahs 
lived to an advanced age, passing away in 1880, 
in his eighty-ninth year. Mr. and Mrs. Fahs 
had a family of seven children, three of whom 
are deceased : William Henry, who died at 
the age of forty-seven; Dr. Charles F., of the 
United States Navy; and Mary M., who was 
the wife of Martin L. Weigel, of York. The 
survivors are: Sarah A., who is unmarried 
and lives with her brother John, at the old 
home in York previously mentioned; Susan 
E., widow of Gibson Smith, a coal and grain 
merchant of York ; Emma R., widow of Rev. 
S. Morgan Smith, founder of the S. Morgan 
Smith Company ; and John, whose name in- 
troduces this article. In his religion John 
Fahs, Sr., was an ardent believer in the Mora- 
vian faith. He was highly respected but al- 
ways avoided conspicuous position, although 
he did serve as a director of the poor. He was 
also a director of the York County National 

Capt. John Fahs was born Aug. 5, 1835, 
on the old homestead in West Manchester 
township, and was reared to farming pursuits, 
which he followed at home until his enlistment 
for service in the Union army. His education 
was procured in the district schools of the 
locality, known as Louck's schoolhouse, and 
at the York County Academy under Prof. G. 
W. Ruby, an instructor widely and favorably 
known, and at the time of his death a director 
of the bank of which Capt. Fahs is now 



Prior to the declaration of war with the 
feehng of patriotism running high, a company- 
was created known as "Ellsworth's Zouaves," 
(all York county volunteers), under the lead- 
ership of James A. Stahle, who was made cap- 
tain, and after enlistment for service in the 
war this company became Company A, of the 
87th P. V. I. Capt. Fahs was one of the or- 
ganizers and members of this company, and 
• was second corporal of the organization, from 
which position his promotion was rapid. On 
Dec. 7, 1861, he was made first lieutenant of 
his company, and captain on Jan. i, 1863, 
holding the latter rank to the close of his serv- 
ices. He was captured June 23, 1864, and 
kept a prisoner for eight months, with which 
exception he was in active participation in all 
the engagements of his command. The 87th 
bore the reputation of being one of the best 
drilled and most faithful in the service, and 
Capt. Fahs did his full share in winning praise 
and glory for the regiment. He deserves the 
highest praise for his military record, for he 
was one of those who did their duty unques- 
tioningly, considering no sacrifice too great 
that would insure the stability of the Union. 
His experience as a prisoner included all the 
suffering and horror characteristic of Rebel 
prison life in those dark days, and their record 
would fill a volume. Capt. Fahs was honorably 
discharged March 12, 1865. 

After the war Capt. Fahs entered into 
partnership with his brother-in-law, Gibson 
Smith, in the coal business, which was ex- 
panded in time to include dealing in grain, 
flour and feed, and the firm did a prosperous 
business from its inception in 1867, until they 
closed out in 1895, selling their property to 
the Western Maryland Railroad Company. 
Since then, Capt. Fahs, who is the owner of 
valuable real estate adjoining the city limits, 
has given much attention to real estate, in 
which he deals extensively. One of his prop- 
erties, the Hill farm, located opposite the York 
County Fair Grounds, has been laid out in 
building lots, which are being sold to prospec- 
tive builders of suburban homes. Some of the 
most important business enterprises in York 
have had the Captain's support and coopera- 
tion. He helped to organize the Western Na- 
tional Bank, was one of its first directors, and 
was elected to the office of president of that 
well-known institution in January, 1903, having 
been continued in that incumbency to the 

present time, by successive re-elections annu- 
ally, at present serving his fourth term. He 
is also president of the Farmers' Market Com- 
pany, was for many years a director of the 
York Street Railway Company, and is a di- 
rector of the York Trust Company. His re- 
sponsible connection with such organizations 
speaks more than words for his business 
ability and standing, and the confidence which 
his fellow citizens repose in his judgment and 
correct business methods. 

Capt. Fahs is a Democrat in political faith, 
and has proved a popular candidate of that 
party. He served a number of terms as a 
member of the council from the Fifth ward, 
when York had but five wards, and then a 
borough, and as the ward was normally a Re- 
publican one, one of his contests was very 
close, his victory being won by a majority of 
but one or two votes. The Captain is no office 
seeker, but with the true instinct of the soldier 
he enjoyed the contests and excitement of 
election as much as his ultimate success. For 
seven or eight years he was a member of the 
board of school control, his election to which, 
on the Democratic ticket, changed the majority 
in the board from Republican to Democratic. 
This same condition applies to the council. 
Capt. Fahs has always aimed, in every position 
in which he has been placed, to serve the best 
interests of his constituents and fellowmen gen- 
erally, whether as a business man, as the de- 
fender of his country's flag, as a public official, 
or as a promoter of educational interests, and 
that he has succeeded to the satisfaction of all 
who know him is very evident by the high po- 
sition he holds in the esteem of those who have 
been associated with him. His religious con- 
nection is with the Moravian Church. The 
Captain is unmarried, and. with his sister Sarah 
A. and niece Ella E. Fahs, resides in the old 
home on Market street to which his parents 
removed from the farm. 

the prominent citizens and well-known profes- 
sional men of York, Pa., a leading member of 
the York County Bar, was born Feb. 5, 1861, 
son of Henry Dannerman and Mary Louise 
(Carson) Schmidt. 

John Schmidt, the paternal grandfather, 
came from Hamburg, Germany, to York, in 
181 5. Later he became associated with the 
York Bank, which he served as cashier and later 



as president, a position he held at the time of 
his death in 1835. On the maternal side, the 
ancestors were of Scotch-Irish ancestry, and 
they came to America in the early part of the 
1 8th century. They occupied positions of trust 
under the Government, lought in the Indian 
wars and took part in the American Revolu- 
tion. The maternal grandfather of our sub- 
ject, Charles Carson, of Harrisburg, Pa., was 
a veteran of the war of 1812. 

George S. Schmidt attended the public 
schools at St. Paul, Minn., the York Collegiate 
Institute and the Institute Ranscher in Stutt- 
gart, Germany, and at Princeton. He gradu- 
ated at the York Collegiate Institute in the class 
of 1879 as valedictorian of the class, after 
which he entered the junior class at Princeton, 
where he graduated with the degree of A. B., 
in 1 88 1, and later received the degree of A. M. 
from the same institution. Mr. Schmidt pre- 
pared for the Bar in the office of United States 
Attorney Benjamin Harris Brewster, subse- 
quently taking a course of two years at the 
University of Pemisylvania, and was graduated 
in 1884 with the degree of LL. B. He was ad- 
mitted to practice in the Orphans' Court and 
the Court of Common Pleas, in Philadelphia, 
after which he returned to York, was admitted 
to the local Bar and soon thereafter to the Bar 
of the Supreme Court. His activity has been 
constant ever since in his profession. On Jan. 
I, 1896, he was associated with the late Hon. 
James W. Latimer, formerly presiding judge 
of the courts of York County, the partnership 
being conducted under the firm name of Lati- 
mer & Schmidt. He has been connected with 
the greater part of the important litigation 
which has come before these courts in the past 
few years and his position is one of unusual 
prominence before the Bar. 

Mr. Schmidt has been prominently identi- 
fied also with many successful business enter- 
prises and public-spirited interests. In 1887 
he was one of the incorporators of the York 
City Street Railway Company, and has been an 
ofificial of that corporation ever since. He is a 
member of the board of trustees of the York 
Collegiate Institute and was for many years one 
of the directors of the York County Bank, and 
is counsel for the same. He has also been prom- 
inent in political life. From 1885 to 1890 he 
was chairman of the Republican county com- 
mittee, and frequently has served as a delegate 

to important conventions. In 1888 he repre- 
sented the 19th Congressional District in the 
National Republican convention, which nomi- 
nated Benjamin Harrison. While at college he 
was a member ot the American Whig society, 
a college organization. He is a member of the 
York and Lafayette clubs of this city. 

On June 16, 1891, Mr. Schmidt was mar- 
ried to Mary Richardson Small, and they have 
three children, Mary Richardson, George Small' 
and Samuel Small. ' 

ISRAEL LAUCKS. In the city of York 
are to be found a number of industrial enter- 
prises of wide scope and importance, and 
among the most noteworthy of these is that 
represented by the York Safe & Lock Com- 
pany, of which Israel Laucks is president. Mr. 
Laucks is one of the most prominent figures in 
the commercial circles of the city and county, 
and is a scion of one of the old and honored 
families of the county, where he is a representa- 
tive of the fourth generation. 

Caspar Laucks, grandfather of Israel, was 
a native of York county, and passed a great 
portion of his life in West Manchester town- 
ship, where he followed the vocation of 

George Laucks, son of Caspar, was a citi- 
zen of prominence and influence, and ever com- 
manded unqualified esteem in the county which 
was his home during the entire course of his 
long and useful life. His occupation was that 
of a farmer. He died at the home of his son 
Israel, No. 413 West Market street, York, in 
1878, at the venerable age of eighty years. His 
wife, whose maiden name was Flizabeth Smy- 
ser, was a daughter of Matthias Smyser, a 
prominent farmer of York county, and a mem- 
ber of another sterling pioneer family. Though 
Matthias Smyser died at an early age the fam- 
ily was on the whole notable for longevity, his 
son Joseph attaining the patriarchal age of 
ninety-two years. Mrs. Elizabeth (Smyser) 
Laucks died in 1830, at the age of twenty-four 
years. Of her three children, Sarah died at 
the age of twenty years ; Samuel at the age 
of twenty-one ; and Israel is the only survivor. 

Israel Laucks was born on the old home- 
stead farm, in West Manchester township, 
York county, Sept. 6, 1827, and in the com- 
mon schools of the locality and period he laid 
the foundation for that extensive fund of in- 
formation which he has since gained through 

ch^aiy^ ^^Ci^^^^^ 



years of active and intimate association with 
business and civic affairs. He then, in 1850, 
located in the city of York, where he attended 
for a time a private school conducted by Rev. 
William A. Good. After leaving school Mr. 
Laucks initiated his independent career by en- 
gaging in the general merchandise business, 
opening a store on Market street, east of the 
Square, and continued to be identified with 
the enterprise for a period of twelve years. 
Before the expiration of that time he became 
a stockholder in the York Safe & Lock Com- 
pany, of which he was one of the organizers 
in 1882. The original capital stock represented 
was but twenty-five thousand dollars, but this 
was soon increased to fifty thousand, while 
later the capitalistic investment was placed at 
one hundred thousand dollars. The growth 
of the enterprise was phenomenally rapid and 
substantial, and the administrative control was 
from the start largely in the hands of Mr. 
Laucks, who was made president of the com- 
pany, with his son, S. Forry Laucks, as gen- 
eral manager, and another son, George W., as 
sales agent. The executive corps of the com- 
pany remains today as above noted, and the 
well-equipped plant represents an investment 
of about six hundred thousand dollars. 

Aside from his association with the im- 
portant industry mentioned, Mr. Laucks also 
has other interests of noteworthy order. He 
is a member of the board of directors of the 
Western National Bank of York, and the 
Farmers' Market Company, of the same city, 
while he is a member of the board of trustees 
of the famous old York County Academy, and 
of that of the Reformed Theological Seminary 
at Lancaster. He has long been a zealous and 
valued member of the First Reformed Church 
of York, in which he long served as deacon, 
and later as elder for many years, and at the 
time of this writing is the honored president 
of the board of trustees of the church, having 
previously been treasurer of the board. He 
has been found a stanch supporter of Demo- 
cratic principles, but he has never identified 
himself with political affairs in an active sense, 
though he is public-spirited and progressive 
in his attitude, and has ever held deeply at 
heart the interests of his home city and county, 
and to him has been accorded the confidence 
and esteem ever begotten of integrity, probity 
and honesty of purpose. Mr. Laucks is char- 
itable and tolerant in judgment, genial and 
kindly in his intercourse with his fellow men, 

and he shows himself to be animated by a 
broad humanitarian principle and a high sense 
of his stewardship. No citizen of York is 
better known, nor more worthy of considera- 
tion as one of the representative men of the 

On May 4. 1854, Mr. Laucks married Miss 
Imilda A. Wilt, who was born and reared in 
York, being a daughter of W. A. Wilt and a 
sister of Philetus F. Wilt, whose term as city 
treasurer of York expired in April, 1905 — a 
term that won praise from men of both parties 
for its excellence. The children born to Mr. 
and Mrs. Laucks are as follows: Irene E. is 
at home; Amanda L. is the wife of Rev. Will- 
iam H. Xanders, a clergyman of the Protestant 
Episcopal Church, and located at Brokenbow, 
Neb. ; Grace Virginia is the wife of W. A. 
Buckingham, a wholesale tobacconist of Balti- 
more. Md. ; Sadie N. is the wife of Robert L. 
Motter, a well-known manufacturer of York; 
and S. Forry and George W. are associated 
in the management of the York Safe & Lock 
Company, as has already been noted, both of 
them being recognized everywhere as able 
assistants to their father in conducting this 
successful and notable industry. 

S. FORRY LAUCKS, son of Israel 
Laucks, president of the York Safe & Lock 
Company, is vice-president, treasurer and gen- 
eral manager of that organization. He was 
born in York, Aug. 12, 1870, and was edu- 
cated in the private schools of that city and 
in the Collegiate Institute. His first connec- 
tion with the York Safe & Lock Company was 
in 1887, when he became a clerk, and, so in- 
telligent and faithful were his services, in 1891 
he was made general manager of the concern, 
later being honored with the important ofhces 
of vice-president and treasurer, in addition to 
that of general manager. 

Mr. Laucks spends much of his time in 
New York City and other large business cen- 
ters, looking after the vast interests of the 
works, in the success of which he has been so 
important a factor. The plant now covers 
seven acres of ground, and the company em- 
ploys four hundred skilled laborers — a remark- 
able increase since 1891. when Mr. Laucks 
became general manager, the works then cov- 
ering only two acres and the company em- 
ploying forty men. The products of the mills 
find a ma.ket not only in almost every section 



of the United States, but enjoy a large export 
trade, many of their safes being sent annually 
to various sections of Europe. The output 
of the York Safe & Lock Company for 1904 
wa.^ largely in excess of any previous year, 
with prospects for 1905 still more flattering. 
Much of this success unquestionably has been 
due to the excellent management of S. Forry 
Laucks, who is justly regarded as one of the 
prominent figures in the manufacturing world 
of York. 

On Oct. 20, ,1896, Mr. Laucks was married 
to Miss Blanche S. Elliott, daughter of the 
late Isaac A. Elliott, who was cashier of the 
York County National Bank, and was vei"y 
prominent in the financial circles of York. One 
son was born of this union, Elliott Forry. 

Notwithstanding his active and responsible 
duties in connection with the York Safe & 
Lock Company Mr. Laucks finds time for other 
business associations, as well as for attention 
to the demands of the social side of life. He 
is president of the York Foundry & Machine 
Company, and a director in the York County 
National Bank. Socially he belongs to the 
Lafayette, Country and Out Door Clubs, while 
in religion he is a member of Trinity Reformed 
Church. He is also deeply interested in his- 
torical matters, being a member of the York 
County Historical Society, and chairman for 
York County of the Pennsylvania Society — 
an organization devoted to social intercourse 
and the collection of historical matter. 

GEORGE W. LAUCKS, general sales 
agent of the York Safe and Lock Company, 
is a son of Israel Laucks, the president of that 
successful industrial concern. 

George W. Laucks was born in York, June 
25, 1856, and was graduated from school in 
1877. From 1879 to 1889 Mr. Laucks was 
book keeper for his father, who was then en- 
gaged at store keeping, and two years later, 
in 1 891, he became general sales agent for 
the York Safe and Lock Co., a position for 
which he has developed great proficiency. 

Mr. Laucks was married May 2, 1900, to 
Emma Jane Strack, daughter of Charles A. 
Strack, one of the most prominent furniture 
dealers and undertakers of York, whose sketch 
will be found elsewhere. One child has 
blessed this union, Charles Israel. Mr. Laucks 
is a Mason, of the Knights Templar degree, 
and also belongs to the Odd Fellows, and the 
B. P. O. Elks. He is a consistent member of 

Trinity Reformed Church, of which he has 
been a member for a number of years. In 
politics Mr. Laucks is a Democrat, and was 
honored with an election to the office of city 
treasurer of York, which he held for three 
years, and to which he was chosen by an ex- 
ceedingly complimentary vote, for he is popu- 
lar alike with Republicans and Democrats. 

Among the men who have made a success at 
at Bar of York county in the line of criminal 
and commercial law, and one who has earned 
an enviable record as district attorney of Yo-fk 
county, is Joseph R. Strawbridge. Mr. Straw- 
bridge is "in the house of his friends," so to 
speak, as he was reared in the county and 
comes of York county stock back to the third 
generation. His paternal ancestors came from 
Yorkshire, England, and it was perfectly na- 
tural that he should locate in the county of the 
same name in the new country. He commenced 
farming on his settlement here, as did also his 
descendants, among whom was John Straw- 
bridge, father of Joseph R., both passing their 
lives as thrifty and industrious farmers in 
Fawn township, the father's death occurring in 
1878, at the age of seventy-two years. He was 
an influential figure in his home community, 
and an uncompromising Jacksonian Democrat. 
During the administration of Martin Van Bu- 
ren he was appointed postmaster, and in com- 
pliment to him the office was named Straw- 
bridge. His incumbency covered a period of 
thirty-nine years to President Grant's admin- 
istration. He married Grizella, daughter of 
Acquilla McDonald, a farmer of Hopewell 
township, York county, and of an old and hon- 
orable Virginia family. Her grandmother, 
Mary Ross, came to York county after the Rev- 
olutionary war, in the approved style of travel 
at that time, carrying Joseph R. Strawbridge's 
maternal grandfather, as a baby, before her on 
horseback. For four generations the land on 
which the McDonalds settled has been culti- 
vated by members of the family, and it is still 
in their possession. Mr. Strawbridge's mother 
died in 1877, aged sixty-six years. She was 
the mother of nine children, five sons and four 
daughters. Of these the eldest is John C, a 
farmer in Hopewell township, owning a part 
of the old McDonald homestead ; Acquilla M., 
living on the Strawbridge farm ; Richard A., 
who went West, and is now a farmer in Nod- 



away county, Mo.; Mary E., of Baltimore; 
Rachel A., wife of Richard McDonald, of Har- 
ford county, Md. ; Sallie J., who died June 6, 
1905 ; Franklin P., living on the old homestead 
with Acquilla M. ; Louisa M., wife of John C. 
Wiley, a farmer of Fawn township; and Jo- 
seph R., the lawyer. 

Joseph Ross Strawbridge was bom in Fawn 
township, July 25, 1858. He lived the life of 
a country schoolboy on the farm, laying the 
foundation of both mental and physical health, 
the one in the district school, the other in active 
work on the farm. As he passed into young 
manhood he attended Fawn Grove Academy, 
Stewartstown English and Classical Institute, 
and later the York Collegiate Institute. At the 
latter school he graduated in 1880, having been 
honored as valedictorian of his class. He then 
took a higher course at Lafayette College, 
Easton, Pa., finishing in 1882. 

Mr. Strawbridge was then twenty-four 
years of age, and splendidly equipped for the 
battle of life. His first venture was as a school 
teacher, that stepping-stone used by so many 
of our best men as they started on their upward 
career. His first experience as a teacher was 
in the State of Illinois, and lasted one school 
year, 1877-78. Mr. Strawbridge then returned 
to York county and completed his studies at 
the York Collegiate Institute and at Lafayette 
College. He did not give up active work in 
the schoolroom, however, having been prin- 
cipal of Fawn Grove Academy during 1882-83. 
He studied law with the late Frank Geise, Esq., 
and was admitted to the Bar Sept. i, 1884, and 
immediately located in York for the practice 
of his profession. During his practice he has 
twice served in public office, for five years as 
solicitor to the county commissioners, and as 
district attorney of York county, having been 
elected in 1895 for a term of three years. In 
later years he has made a specialty of commer- 
cial law, and is counsel for a large number of 
corporations. His services are also often 
sought in important criminal trials. A just 
estimate of the regard for and confidence in 
Mr. Strawbridge by the people of the commun- 
ity in which he lives is found in the fact that 
he has been prominently named for a seat on 
the bench of the York county courts. 

Mr. Strawbridge began his domestic life 
Nov. 9, 1887, when he married Miss Lizzie 
Smyser, daughter of Lewis E. Smyser, a coal 
and lumber merchant, and great-great-grand- 

daughter of Michael Smyser, the first State 
senator from York county, and a colonel in the 
Revolutionary war, for whose capture, dead or 
alive, tradition says, the British offered a re- 
ward. To this union have been bom three 
children: Mary S., Elizabeth McDonald and 
Edwin S., all at school. Mary S. is in the 
class of 1907, in the York Collegiate Institute, 
and when graduated will have the distinction 
of being the first graduate whose parents were 
also graduates of this justly popular institution. 
Mr. Strawbridge has entered actively into 
the social and civic life of York, and is a man 
of engaging personality. In politics he is a 
stanch Democrat, and in religious faith a Pres- 
byterian. Both he and his family are socially 
prominent, and move in the best circles of the 
community where they have so long resided. 

JOHN JACOB FRICK, cashier of the 
York National Bank, by virtue of that connec- 
tion alone is widely known in commercial and 
financial circles in York, and, indeed, through- 
out that section of Pennsylvania. But the high 
personal regard in which he is held everywhere, 
the universal good-will which meets him on all 
sides, is an expression of feeling apart from 
the recognition of unusual business ability and 
unassailable integrity. It is because neither the 
exactions nor the exigencies of business have 
ever been able to affect his kindly disposition, 
which has remained congenial and sympathetic 
through many years of active participation in 
important affairs. 

Mr. Frick was born Feb. 24, 1843, at 
Menges Mills, York Co., Pa., son of John P. 
and Hannah (Hershey) Frick, whose names 
indicate that he comes of good Pennsylvania 
stock. He received his education in the public 
schools and in York County Academy, York, 
the latter a well known institution. The par- 
ticular line of business in which he has made 
noteworthy success he began in December, 
1867, when he became a clerk in the First Na- 
tional Bank of York. He rose to various po- 
sitions of responsibility in that institution and 
in 1889 Avas made cashier of same, continuing 
to fill that incumbency until December, 1896, 
when he resigned it to accept the cashiership 
of the York National Bank, also located in the 
city of York. To say that he has been the lead- 
ing spirit in the prosperity of the latter concern 
throughout the period of his connection there-- 
with is but justice to him and the efforts he 



has put forth in its interests. Mr. Frick's ad- 
ministration of the duties of cashier has been 
characterized by a pohcy at once progressive 
and conservative. He is enterprising and ever 
alive to the best interests of the estabhshment 
in which he holds so important a place, but he 
is honorable and honest to the last degree. 
Moreover, he believes in consideration and 
courtesy to all with whom he comes in contact, 
a fact which has won him a personal popularity 
which is an appreciable factor in many trans- 
actions. Mr. Frick is not only a thorough busi- 
ness man ; he goes deeper into the causes and 
effects of the interests he has espoused than 
most men would deem necessary, and as a re- 
sult he is an authority on all matters relating 
to banking, either theoretical or practical. He 
has never been active in public life and has 
never held public office, biit he is interested in 
the general welfare and public utilities, and is 
serving as treasurer of both the York Gas Com- 
pany and the York Water Company. 

During the Civil war Mr. Frick gave two 
terms of service to the Union cause, first be- 
coming a member of Company A, i6th regi- 
ment, Pennsylvania Volunteers, a three 
months' regiment. He entered the army the 
second time as lieutenant of Company K, 130th 
Regiment, Pennsylvania Volunteers, with 
which he participated in the battles of Antie- 
tam, Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville. He 
is an honored member of the Grand Army of 
the Republic and the Military Order of the 
Loyal Legion, and is connected with the La- 
fayette Club and the Country Club of York. 
Mr. Frick is fond of out-door sports, and is 
frequently seen at the golf links. 

Mr. Frick was married" Sept. 7, 1869, to 
Mary L. Myers, daughter of Rev. Thomas and 
Sarah Ann (Norris) Myers, and three chil- 
dren have been bom to them, namely : Norris 
Hershey, Alice Myers and John Arthur. 

D. D., LL. D., President of the Faculty of the 
York Collegiate Institute, is descended from 
Thomas Tupper, of Sandwich, England, who 
came to America in 1628 and settled in Sand- 
wich, Mass. There on extensive allowances of 
land he engaged in agricultural pursuits, and 
was deputy from Sandwich to the Plymouth 
Council during most of his life. 

The father of Dr. Jeffers, James Dickey 
Jefifers, was a farmer in Nova Scotia, but 

moved to Massachusetts in 1850, and in 1858 
came to Pennsylvania. He died in San Jose, 
Ca!., in 1892, aged eighty-two years. Dr. 
Jeffers' mother was Mary Tupper, daughter 
of Eliakim Tupper, a jeweler and farmer, and 
she died in 1856, aged fifty years. Seven sons 
and one daughter were born to the parents of 
our subject, of whom John was killed July 14, 
1862, while serving in Company D, loth Penn- 
sylvania Reserves, in the Battle of the Wilder- 
ness ; William A. lives in Leavenworth, Kans,, 
where he is engaged in the stove manufactur- 
ing business ; and Charles A. is an expert ac- 
countant in Los Angeles, California. 

Eliakim Tupper Jefifers was born in Nova 
Scotia April 6, 1841, and was educated in 
Jefiferson College, Canonsburg, Pa., graduating 
in 1862. He was graduated from Princeton 
Theological Seminary in 1865. Dr. Jefifers be- 
came pastor of the United Presbyterian Church 
of Oxford, Pa., July i, 1865, and served there 
until 1872, when he became president of West- 
minster College, New Wilmington Pa., remain- 
ing there until 1883. He was then made Pro- 
fessor of Theology at Lincoln University, and 
there remained until 1890. He next became 
pastor of the First Presbyterian Church at Oil 
City., Pa., remaining vmtil 1893, at which time 
he was called to the Presidency of the Faculty 
of York Collegiate Intsitute, a position he has 
since filled with marked efficiency. 

On May 14, 1867, Dr. Jefifers married 
Esther Graham Hodgens, daughter of Thomas 
and Mary (Graham) Hodgens. Mr. Hodgens 
was a farmer and tanner of Canonsburg, build- 
ing the first large tannery west of the moun- 
tains. He died in 1857, his wife surviving 
until 1902, when she passed away at the re- 
markable age of nearly one hundred years. 
To the union of Dr. Jefifers and Esther G.' 
Hodgens came five children : Mary ; Harriet, 
the wife of Rev. E. E. Curtis, of Chestnut 
Level, Lancaster county; George H., in the 
hardware business: Roland H., head chemist 
of the Worth Steel Plant, Coatesville; and 
Evetta Tupper, at home. Mary and Evetta are 
graduates of the college at Bryn Mawr, Miss 
Mary being engaged in teaching Latin and 
Greek in a preparatory school at the same place. 
Mrs. Jefifers died March 30, 1905. 

Dr. Jefifers received the degree of A. B. at 
Jefiferson College, in 1862, and those of D. D. 
(in 1872) and LL. D. (in 1902) from Wash- 
ington and Jefiferson College. 

It is not flattery to say that no man has 






left his impress for good upon the minds of 
more young people of Pennsylvania than lias 
Dr. Jeffers, for many people whose lives are 
portrayed in this volume have received not 
only their scholastic training, but also their 
moral and religious education, from him. 

CHARLES A. HAWKINS, attorney-at- 
law and member of the York County Bar, was 
born at Fawn Grove, York county, Jan. 7, 
1859. He obtained his preparatory educa- 
tion at the public schools of his native town- 
ship, the York County Academy, and Bethel 
Academy, in Harford county, Md. He then 
entered Swarthmore College, near Philadel- 
phia, and was graduated from that institu- 

. tion in 1878. During the succeeding five 
years Mr. Hawkins was connected with the 
National Publishing Company, Philadelphia, 
of which his uncle, Joshua R. Jones, a native 
of Fawn township, is the proprietor, and later 
with Jones Brothers & Company, publishers, 
of Cincinnati. While with the latter firm he 
established branch houses for them at Kansas 
City and St. Louis, being located personally 
at the two places about a year. He had pre- 
viously started for them a general agency at 
Melbourne, Australia. In 1883-84 he was 
principal of the Fawn Grove Academy. While 
teaching he read Blackstone, and subsequently 
pursued the study of law successively in the 
ofifices of Judge Robert J. Fisher and Hon. 
Levi Maish, at York. He was admitted to the 
Bar in 1885. In 1887, when York was incor- 
porated into a city, he was appointed the first 
city solicitor, and served in that office until 
1892, a period of five years. In 1895 he was 
elected a member of the Lower House of the 
State Legislature, and while filling that posi- 
tion served on the Judiciary, Local and other 

Since his retirement from the Legislature 
he has devoted his entire attention to the prac- 
tice of law. In 1902 he became associated in 

■ the practice of his profession with Jere S. 
Black, one of the leaders of the York County 
Bar, when the firm of Black & Hawkins 
was formed. This firm has been engaged as 
counsel in the trial of many of the most im- 
portant causes before the courts of York coun- 
ty in recent years. Mr. Hawkins served as 
secretary of the Historical Society of York 
County, and was one of the foremost of its 
members to make that society an active and 
useful organization. It was largely through 

his personal efiforts that the society started the 
plan to build up a museum and library, which 
is found in a large room on the third floor of 
the court house. His efforts in endeavoring 
to advance the interests of the institution have 
met the entire approbation of the board of 
trustees and members. 

Mr. Hawkins was married Oct. 4, 1887, 
to Lizzie V. Birmingham, of California. They 
have one son, Eldred B., a graduate of the 
York Collegiate Institute, and now a ..student 
at Swarthmore College. 

The ancestors of Mr. Hawkins on his 
father's side were English and included the 
Chalk and Thompson families of Maryland, 
the Chalk family locating in the early Colonial 
times on Winter's Run, about sixteen miles 
from the Pennsylvania line, and exercising con- 
siderable local influence in their day. Nicholas 
Hawkins, the great-grandfather of the subject 
of this sketch, settled at Elk Ridge Landing, 
Md., shortly before the Revolution. His son 
John became a prominent citizen of Harford 
county, which he represented in the Legislature 
of Maryland. Dr. John A. Hawkins, son of 
John and father of Charles A. Hawkins, was 
born in Harford county, June 30, 183 1, and 
after graduating from the medical department 
of the University of Maryland, in 1852, spent 
one year as a physician in Baltimore, county. 
In 1854 he moved to Fawn Grove, where he 
was successfully engaged in the practice of 
his profession until he retired, about twelve 
years ago. Dr. Hawkins is one of the repre- 
sentative men in the lower end of York county, 
and has been prominently identified with the 
material growth and development of Fawn 
township. He was married in 1855 to Han- 
nah A. Jones, daughter of Asa Jones, of Fawn 
township, and granddaughter of Isaac Jones, 
one of the earliest settlers in the vicinity of 
Fawn Grove, and a member of the Society of 
Friends. Dr. Vallie Hawkins, of Fawn Grove, 
a graduate of Baltimore Medical College, is an 
only brother of Charles A., and enjoys an ex- 
tended practice in his chosen profession, be- 
sides being much interested in farming ac- 
cording to the more modern methods. 

HON. ROBERT J. LEWIS, ex-member 
of Congress and a leading attorney and busi- 
ness man of York, is maintaining the traditions 
of his family in a successful public and piofes- 
sional career. The Lewises have ranked among 
the old and influential residents of this section 



of the State for many years, and many of the 
family have become eminent as jurists, and 
made their mark in the business world. 

Melchinger Robert Lewis, father of Rob- 
ert J., was perhaps best known as a manufac- 
turer of agricultural implements, although he 
was also interested in a shoe factory and had 
other business interests. He was born at 
Dover, York county, and lived there until 1871, 
in that year removing to York, where he died 
April 29, 1888, before he was fifty years old. 
He was active in the affairs of his day, and 
while York was still a borough he was nomi- 
nated for the position of chief burgess. Being 
a strong Republican he was defeated, but only 
by a small vote, though the town was over- 
whelmingly Democratic. Mr. Lewis was the 
last sealer of weights and measures for York 
county under the old law. 

Melchinger R. Lewis married Justina Maul, 
daughter of Jacob Maul, a farmer of Jackson 
township, York county, whose ancestors came 
from the Palatinate. Mrs. Lewis, who sur- 
vives her husband, was born Jan. 19, 1842. 
Eight children were born to them, five of 
whom survive, the deceased being Elmer Clay 
and Rebecca Mary, who died in infancy, and 
Rush Webster, who died Dec. 24, 1893, in his 
seventeenth year. Of the living: Samuel S. 
is an attorney at law and postmaster of the 
city of York; Melchinger O., is assistant super- 
intendent of the York Manufacturing Com- 
pany ; Laura J. is at home ; Anna J. is a grad- 
uate of the York high school and of the State 
Normal School at Millersville, and is now en- 
gaged in teaching; and Robert J. is the subject 
of this sketch. 

Robert J. Lewis was born Dec. 30, 1864, 
in Dover, and received his early education in 
the public schools there and in the York high 
school. His legal training was gained in the 
Yale Law School, from which he was gradu- 
ated in 1 89 1, being first admitted to practice 
in the courts of Connecticut. He was admitted 
to practice in the York county courts Au,^. 3, 
1 89 1, and later to the Supreme court, and un- 
til December, 1900, he maintained an office 
with the late A. N. Green. He has always been 
interested in local affairs, as well as in the 
broader matters affecting the general wel- 
fare, and in 1893 was elected a member of the 
board of school control from the Ninth ward 
of York; he was re-elected in 1897 and again 

in 1903, and at present is serving as chair- 
man of the teachers' committee. From 1895 
to 1897 he served as city solicitor of York. In 
1896 he was the Republican candidate for 
mayor of the City of York, and was finally de- 
clared defeated by a vote of 17, although un- 
prejudiced people were free to assert that he 
had been elected. Two and a half years later, 
in the fall of 1898, he was partially vindicated, 
the city (although then Democratic) giving 
him a majority of 896 against Hon. E. D. 
Ziegler, by whom, however, he was defeated 
in the district, for Congress, Mr. Lewis hav- 
ing been put on the Republican ticket only six 
weeks before the election. In 1900, with H. 
N. Gift as an opponent, Mr. Lewis was elected 
representative in Congress of what was then 
the Nineteenth Congressional District, com- 
posed of Adams, Cumberland and York coun- 
ties, by a majority of 986, though President 
McKinley lost the district by 1,495 votes. In 
this campaign the city of York, which be- 
tween 1898 and 1900 had added to it the 
Twelfth and Thirteenth wards having Demo- 
cratic majorities aggregating about 250, gave 
Mr. Lewis a majority of 1,257, and a full 

In addition to meeting the demands of a 
large legal practice, Mr. Lewis is interested 
in a number of business enterprises. He is 
prominent in the fraternal orders, belonging 
to York Lodge, No. 266, F. & A. M. ; he also 
belongs to Codorus Council, Jr. O. U. A. M. ; 
the B. P. O. E. ; Knights of Malta ; Knights 
of the Mystic Circle; Knights of Pythias; 
Heptasophs; M. W. A.; P. O. S. of A.; and 
other organizations. 

Mr. Lewis was married May 17, 1893, to 
Miss Anna C. Beeler, daughter of George D. 
Beeler, a farmer of West Manchester town- 
ship, who now lives retired in York. Mr. 
Beeler married Elizabeth Sultzbach, daughter 
of Frederick Sultzbach, an ex-member of the 
Legislature. Three children have been bom 
to Mr. and Mrs. Lewis: Elizabeth, Aug. 29, 
1897; George Robert, Aug. 31, 1900; Marian 
Justina, March 5, 1902. Mrs. Lewis is an ac- 
tive member of St. Paul's Lutheran Church. 

MELCHINGER O. LEWIS, consulting 
Sanitary Engineer, is also engaged in the 
plumbing, steam heating and tinning business 
at No. 255 West York street, York, Pa. He 



is a native of this county, born in Dover, July 
14, 1868, son O'f Melchinger R. and Justina 
(Maul) Lewis. 

Mr. Lewis received his education in tl'e 
public schools of York city, and upon leaving 
scb.oo] he apprenticed himself to Hantz & Jes- 
sop to learn the trade of plumbing, steam fitting 
etc. He completed his apprenticeship and re- 
mained with that firm until 1890, when he en- 
gaged in business in the same line for himself 
in ptirtnership with H. H. Haker, the firm do- 
ing business under the name of Haker & Lewis. 
This partnership lasted for two years when Mr. 
Haker withdrew, and Mr. Lewis continued 
alone until 1898, when he closed out to accept 
a position as foreman of the sheet metal de- 
partment of the York Manufacturing Company 
— a position he held but one year when he was 
promoted to the position of assistant superin- 
tendent, thus continuing until April 28, 1906, 
when he resigned. He had determined to en- 
gage once more in business for himself, and 
his many years of valuable experience have 
thoroughly equipped him for first class work in 
his chosen line. He employs seven experienced 
workmen, and his place of business is a model 
up-to-date plant, where all work entrusted to 
him receives careful attention. He is energetic 
and progressive, and a most successful future 
is a safe prediction for him. 

On Jan. i, 1891, Mr. Lewis was united in 
marriage with Sarah J. Ammon, daughter of 
William and Mary (Hawkins) Ammon. Two 
children have blessed this union : Melchinger 
J., born June 2, 1892, and Mary R., born Dec. 
8, 1893. Mr. Lewis was made a Mason in 
1891, and is past master of Zeredatha Lodge, 
No. 451, F. & A. M.; is a member of Howell 
Chapter, No. 199, R. A. M. ; a charter member 
of Gethsemane Commandery, No. 75, K. T. ; 
member of Harrisburg Consistory; and of 
Zembo Temple, A. A. O. N. M. S. On Dec. 
18, 1890, he was made a member of Humane 
Lodge, I. O. O. F. ; and he is a charter member 
of Linden Camp No. 5375, M. W. A. He has 
been active as a member of Vigilant Fire Com- 
pany No. I, York, and is in every movement 
■for the good and well-being of his city. Mrs. 
Lewis is an active worker in Union Lutheran 
Church, and is one of the popular teachers in 
the Sunday-school. 


SAMUEL S. LEWIS, attorney at law and 
postmaster of the city of York, was bom in 

York, Feb. 17, 1874, son of Melchinger R. and 
Justina (Maul) Lewis. He received his edu- 
cation in the public schools of his native city, 
graduating from the York high school in the 
class of 1893. Immediately upon his gradu- 
ation he secured a civil service position in the 
York (Pa.) postoffice, which position he held 
until Oct. I, 1898, serving under Hiram Young 
and D. A. Minnich. He was then transferred 
to the Money Order division of the Washing- 
ton (D. C.) postoffice, and within a short time 
was promoted to one of the most responsible 
positions in the division. Meantime he entered 
the Law Department of the Columbian Univer- 
sity, in 1898, and graduated from that school- 
after a three years' course in June, 1901, on 
September 4th of the same year being admitted 
as a member of the Supreme Court of the Dis- 
trict of Columbia; in the following January 
(1902) he was admitted to practice before the 
several courts of York county. 

Mr. Lewis acted in the capacity of private 
secretary to his brother, Hon. R. J. Lewis, 
when he represented the 19th Pennsylvania 
District in the LVIIth Congress and in a like 
capacity to Hon. D. F. Lafean, who repre- 
sented the 20th Pennsylvania District in the 
LVIIIth and LVIXth Congresses. 

If Mr. Lafean has a hobby it is the im- 
provement of the postal service in his district, 
and as his secretary Mr. Lewis acquired such 
intimate knowledge of the conditions at the 
York postoffice, that his selection for the post- 
mastership was almost inevitable when the time 
for a change came. He was not a candidate 
for the position, but his practical experience in 
the work, together with his thorough under- 
standing of the needs of the office gained in 
his several years' association with Mr. Lafean 
in Washington, made his appointment, on Feb. 
7, 1906, particularly appropriate. The York 
Dispatch of Feb. 7th had the following to say, 
regarding his appointment : "It was Mr. 
Lewis who aided Congressman Lafean in giv- 
ing the people of York and Adams counties 
such excellent mail facilities in the rural dis- 
tricts as they enjoy to-day, and next to Con- 
gressman Lafean Mr. Lewis is resfarded by the 
rural mail carriers and the patrons of each 
route as having done more for them than any 
other one man in the Twentieth Congressional 

Mr. Lewis is the youngest postmaster York 
has ever had, he havin? been onlv thirtv-one 



years old when he was appointed, and the 
young RepubUcans of the county and district 
were much gratified over the choice. More- 
over his many friends among the old soldiers 
were also -well pleased, for in his capacity of 
private secretary he met many of Mr. Lafean's 
constituents, whose universal good-will he ob- 
tained by his unfailing courtesy and sincere 
work in their behalf. He entered upon the 
duties of the office feeling that he had the re- 
spect and good wishes of a large following. 

EDWARD W. SPANGLER, a leading 
lawyer and journalist of York, was born in 
Paradise (now Jackson) township, York coun- 
ty, Pa., Feb. 23, 1846. While a lad in the 
country he performed boy's work on his wid- 
owed mother's farm, and during four months 
in the winter attended the free school of the dis- 
trict. Never relishing agricultural labors, he 
abandoned them at the first opportunity, and at 
the age of thirteen became a student in the 
York County Academy, of which the Great 
Commoner, Thaddeus Stevens, was once the 
principal. After a year's study he entered as a 
clerk one of the leading dry-goods houses of 
York. In August, 1862, at the age of sixteen, 
lie responded with others to the call of Presi- 
dent Lincoln for nine months' volunteers, and 
enlisted, becoming a private in Co. K, 130th P. 
V. I. After six weeks service in the Army of 
the Potomac, he received his first baptism of 
fire at the battle of Antietam, in which his com- 
pany lost in killed and wounded one-third of 
the number engaged. Mr. Spangler fired the 
eighty rounds with which he was equipped, and 
finding use for more, took ten rounds from the 
cartridge box of a dead comrade, eight of 
which he discharged before his regiment was 
relieved. During the engagement the stock of 
Iiis rifle was shattered by a Confederate bullet. 

At the battle of Fredericksburg his division, 
the Third of the Second Corps, made the initial 
and sanguinary charge on Marye's Heights, 
■where his colonel was killed at the first fire. At 
Chancellorsville his Division was thrown into 
the breach to arrest the victorious Confederates 
in their headlong pursuit of the routed Elev- 
enth Corps. During that terrible Saturday 
night, May 2, 1863. his company was fighting 
in the front line on the plank road on which 
Stonewall Jackson, the same night, was mor- 
tally wounded. The following morning Gen- 
eral Berry, of Maine, who commanded a Divis- 
ion of the 3d Corps, was killed in his Company, 

and General Hays, the commander of Mr. 
Spangler's brigade, was taken prisoner. Al- 
though in the forefront of every battle, Mr. 
Spangler was unharmed in each. The term of 
enlistment having expired, the regiment re- 
turned home and was disbanded. 

Upon his return -to civil life he was ap- 
pointed Deputy United States Marshal of York 
county. He held this office but a few weeks, 
when his leg was broken by the kick of an 
abandoned Confederate horse, and being inca- 
pacitated for active duty he resigned. Upon 
convalescence he resumed his studies at the 
York County Academy, and also registered as 
a student of law. After attending a course of 
lectures in the law department of the Univer- 
sity of Pennsylvania at Philadelphia, he was 
admitted to the York Bar, March 4, 1867. He 
soon acquired a very lucrative practice, which 
he has since retained. He has practiced in the 
neighboring county courts, in the United States 
District Court, and in the United States Circuit 
Court of Appeals, and is an active practitioner 
in the State Supreme Court during the week 
appointed for the argument of York County 
cases. He has studiously eschewed politics, 
save his filling the office of president of the 
York Republican Club in 1881, to which he 
was elected without his knowledge, and which 
position he subsequently resigned, having 
joined the independent wing of his party. In 
1 88 1 he was one of the principal promoters in 
the building of York's beautiful Opera House, 
and superintended its first year's management. 
He has been active in furthering local progress 
and developing home industries. He has also 
taken an acti\'e part in the suburban devel'op- 
ment of York, and laid out his real estate with 
streets extending from North George street 
to Cottage Hill, which section is known as 
Fairmount. and is now made accessible by two 
handsome iron bridges spanning Codonis 

In January, 1882. Mr. Spangler purchased 
the York Dailv and York JVcekly and the ex- 
tensive job-printing establishment connected 
therewith. With the assistance of his two able 
publishing partners, he at once introduced new 
features and methods into the conduct of the ' 
business and infused new life into the publica- 
tions, resulting in a very large increase in their 
circulation, carrying them to the front of suc- 
cessful inland journals. He is president of the 
publishing company and owns a controlling in- 

cdu^iiA. //, 



In January, 1886, he organized the Span- 
gler Manufacturing Company, of which he is 
president, a corporation organized under the 
laws of this State. The company manufact- 
ures a general line of agricultural implements, 
which on account of their superior excellence 
are sold generally throughout the United 

In September, 1873, he married Mary 
Frances Miller, and the union has been blessed 
with two sons and two daughters. He pos- 
sesses great energy and executive ability, is a 
sound and able counsellor, and a witty, pun- 
gent and forcible writer. [The above from the 
Biographical Album of prominent Pennsyl- 
vanians, 188Q.I 

Mr. Spangler was principally instrumental 
in procuring, after a bitter contest with a trio 
of graft conspirators, the adoption of the beau- 
tiful and classic design of the stately shaft 
erected in Penn Park to the memory of the 
Soldiers and Sailors of York County engaged 
in the great Civil war. He is attorney for the 
First National Bank, York, ex-director of the 
Farmers' National Bank, York, a member of 
the Grand Army of the Republic, of the York 
County Historical Society, of the York Society 
of the Alumni of the Pennsylvania University, 
of the Pennsylvania German Societ3^ of the 
Pennsylvania Society of the Sons of the Revo- 
lution, vice-president of the York Athletic As- 
sociation and president of the York Automo- 
bile Club. His children are : Louise M., wife of 
Charles C. Frick, vice-president of the Security 
Title & Trust Company, York ; Juliet S. Span- 
gler ; Edward W. Spangler, Jr., dealer in build- 
ers' supjplies and materials ; and Robert S. 
Spangler, attorney at law. 

In addition to the above sketch, it is fitting 
to pay a deserved tribute to Edward W. Span- 
gler as a lawyer, journalist, author, soldier and 
private citizen. 

Besides the "Spangler Annals," with local 
historical sketches (pp. 700), of which he is 
the author and publisher, and which is every- 
where acknowledged to have been the most 
valuable local historical publication ever issued 
in York county, Mr. Spangler is the author of 
a well-printed, profusely illustrated and ex- 
ceedingly interesting book entitled "My Little 
War Experience, with Historical Sketches 
and Memorabilia." The book not only' gives 
a modest recital of the experiences of Mr. 

Spangler, who enlisted when only sixteen years 
of age and weighing ninety-two pounds, as a 
private in Company K, 130th P. V". I., but gives 
glimpses of Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chan- 
cellorsville, and analyzes the causes of the 
Civil war, and gives the genesis of the war. All 
that appears in the 270 pages of this very in- 
teresting volume appeared in serial stories 
which were published in the York Daily, and 
so generous was the reception of these articles 
that Mr. Spangler felt impelled to publish them 
in book form. It is a book that ought to find a 
place in every home in York county. 

After a journalistic career of twenty-two 
years, during all of which, however, he was 
primarily devoted to the practice of his honored 
legal profession — he is a hale, hardy man, en- 
dowed with a fine physique and strong men- 
tality, devoting himself to his profession and 
to his business affairs, of which he has many. 
While he will be long remembered as lawyer 
and jovirnalist, the tokens by which he will be 
known for the longest time will be his two 
books — "The Spangler Annals," and "My 
Little War Experience," both of which have 
elicited highly complimentary notices and re- 
views from the press of the Eastern States. 

["W. K."] 

JOHN S. HIESTAND, a prominent 
farmer and fruit grower, and leading citizen 
of Springetsbury township, was born at the 
Hiestand homestead^ three miles east of York, 
May 8, 1837. He obtained his education in 
the private schools near his home and at the 
York County Academy. He spent the early 
years of his life on his father's farm and at the 
"Hiestand Hotel," one of the most popular 
hostelries in southern Pennsylvania. In 1870 
Mr. Hiestand moved to the large brick man- 
sion built by his grandfather, Abraham Hie- 
stand, in the year 1828. He has since devoted 
most of his time to the cultivation of his fertile 
and productive farm. This valuable land has 
been owned by himself and ancestors for nearly 
a century. It is situated in the heart of the 
great York valley, known far and wide for its 
rich alluvial soil and the growth of abundant 
crops. About twenty years ago Mr. Hiestand 
began to devote his attention to fruit culture. 
On his farm he has one of the finest and most 
productive orchards in the county of York. He 
owns a large apple orchard containing several 
hundred) trees, which yearly bear abundant 



crops of the famous York Imperial and other 
varieties of apples. He has raised as many as 
.3,CXX3 bushels of apples in one year, growing 
the largest crop — of 3,200 bushels — in the year 

^^9- . . ,, 

Soon after he attamed his majority Mr. 
Hiestand became active in Democratic politics. 
From 1857 to 1900 he was a prominent figure 
in the county Democratic conventions, which 
-on numerous occasions he served as the presid- 
ing officer. He has several times been a dele- 
gate for his party to the State conventions. 
In the fall of 1877 he was the nominee on the 
Democratic ticket for the office of register of 
wills, and owing to his personal popularity he 
received the highest vote on the ticket. He 
•served in this office with ability and credit from 
January, 1878, to January, 1881. Mr. Hie- 
stand held a position in the United States 
Revenue service at York for a period of five 
years. Since his retirement from this posi- 
tion he has devoted his entire attention to 
agricultural pursuits, enjoying the compan- 
ionship of a large circle of friends in his de- 
lightful rural retreat. He has always been in- 
terested in public education and served for 
nineteen years as a school director in the town- 
ship where he resides. 

On Nov. 17, 1857, Mr. Hiestand was mar- 
ried to Annie M. Oldweiler, daughter of Philip 
and Mary (Gish) Oldweiler. They have two 
•children : T. B. G. Hiestand, a prominent citi- 
zen of York, and Katie, married to Elmer E. 
JFrey, coal merchant of York. T. B. G. Hie- 
stand and his wife have two children, namely : 
John Fallon and Frances Mary. Elmer E. 
Frey and wife have also two children, namely : 
S. Hiestand Frey and Helen L. 

Jacob Hiestand, the first American ances- 
tor of John S. Hiestand, came to this country 
with his brother, Johannes Hiestand, in Octo- 
ber, 1727. They originally lived in Switzer- 
land, belonging to the Swiss Mennonites. 
William Penn had made a visit to this region 
and invited the Mennonites to settle in his 
province. This invitation brought to Penn- 
sylvania Jacob and Johannes Hiestand, the 
ancestors of the Hiestand family in America. 
Jacob Hiestand took up a large tract of land 
near the present site of Salunga, between Lan- 
caster and Mount Joy. One of his sons, Abra- 
ham, married Barbara Landing, April 10, 
1764. Their children were: Johannes, born 
Nov. 27, 1766; Annie, Nov. 29, 1768, and 
Abraham, Nov. 16, 1771. Abraham Hie- 

stand was a farmer by occupation and died at 
the age of thirty-three, one year after his son 
Abraham was born. 

Abraham Hiestand, grandfather of John 
S. Hiestand, grew to manhood at the Hiestand 
homestead near Salunga, and in 1792, at the 
age of twenty-one, moved to York county, and 
settled in Heidelberg township, near Menges 
Mills. In 1793 he was married to Ann Fitz, 
of Hellam township, near the site of Wrights- 
ville. He followed the occupation of distill- 
ing and farming from the time he was mar- 
ried until 1813, when he purchased the Beard 
property in Spring Garden township, along 
the Wrightsville turnpike, afterward known 
as the "Hiestand Hotel." In 1816 he en- 
larged the building to its present dimensions, 
50x80 feet, then the largest stone house in 
York county. He continued the business of 
farming and distilling and also owned and 
conducted the "Hiestand Hotel," which was a 
prominent stopping place for wagoners before 
railroads were built. He owned teams and 
conveyed his whiskey to Baltimore, and return- 
ed with merchandise. Mr. Hiestand traveled 
extensively, and on one occasion went on 
horseback from his home to visit Niagara Falls. 
He was a man of spirit and enterprise, honest 
and industrious, a thrifty agriculturist, and by 
adding commercial enterprise and industry to 
the cultivation of his large farms he in a few 
years accumulated what at that day was con- 
sidered a handsome fortune. By his first mar- 
riage with Ann Fitz, he had the following chil- 
dren : John, Abraham F., William F., Baltzer, 
Elizabeth, Nancy, Susan and Sarah. Abra- 
ham F. was a farmer in Spring-etsbury town- 
ship and married Leah Longenecker ; their chil- 
dren were : John, Catherine, Sarah, Christian, 
Susan, Amanda, Alice, Abraham, Jacob and 
William. William F. married Rebecca Doll, 
and had the following children: Herbert, 
Annie, Mary, Frank, Maggie and Burd. 
Baltzer died unmarried, at the age of twenty. 
Elizabeth married Dr. Francis Koch; she died 
young, leaving one child, who became the wife 
of Vincent K. Keesey. Nancy became the sec- 
ond wife of Dr. Francis Koch, and had the fol- 
lowing children : Dr. Francis A. H., late of 
Hanover; William, jeweler; Edward, jeweler, 
and major of the 5th Maryland Regiment in 
the Civil war; Catherine, married to William 
Schley, of Baltimore ; Mary, married to 
Thomas H. Belt, of York; and Henrietta, who 
died unmarried. Susan married Dr. Jacob 



Glatz, of Marietta, and had four children: 
Keesey, who died in CaHfornia; Margaret, 
wife of D. Wagner Barnitz, and later wife of 
Colonel Matthews, of Baltimore; A. Hiestand, 
member of State Senate and adjutant-general 
of the Pennsylvania militia ; and Thomas Burd, 
who died young. Sarah married John Wilson, 
of Hellam township. 

Abraham Hiestand's first wife died in the 
year 1824. In 1826 he married Mrs. Susan 
Myers, of Hanover, who after the death of her 
husband resided at the Hiestand home, in 
Springetsbury township, until her death, June 
23, 1865, at the age of eighty-five years. 

John Hiestand, the oldest son of Abraham 
Hiestand and his wife Ann Fitz, was born in 
April, 1797, in Heidelberg township, and grew 
to manhood on his father's farm. In 1822 he 
married Elizabeth Sultzbach, daughter of 
Henry and Elizabeth (Bowers) Sultzbach, of 
Hellam township. After his father moved to 
Spring Garden township John Hiestand con- 
tinued the business of farming and distilling at 
the home owned by his father in Heidelberg 
township, until the year 1830. He then moved 
to Spring Garden and took charge of the "Hie- 
stand Hotel," which he conducted for nearly 
forty years. Besides conducting the hotel bus- 
iness with success, John Hiestand was a 
prominent farmer and distiller at his home in 
Spring Garden township. He was active in 
Democratic politics and in 1836, when Van 
Buren was candidate for President of the 
United States, he purchased a large silk ban- 
ner, which he carried at the head of the Spring 
Garden delegation in political parades in Lan- 
caster and elsewhere, during the campaign. 
In 1906 this historic banner was presented by 
his son, John S. Hiestand, to the Historical So- 
ciety of York County. 

Mrs. Hiestand was born Aug. 2, 1805, and 
died Feb. 15, 1897, aged ninety-one years. 
For a period of seventy-five years she was a 
member of the Reformed Congregation at 
Kreutz Creek. The children of John and 
Elizabeth Hiestand were: Abraham S., Henry 
A., Annie and John S. Abraham S. was born 
Dec. I, 1824, married Annie Detweiler, of 
Wrightsville, and died Oct. 10. 1882; they had 
four children : Sarah, Lillie, Mary and Joseph 
D. Henry A. was bom May 29, 1826, mar- 
ried Susan Loucks, of Spring Garden, and had 
four children : Elizabeth, Harry B., Emma and 
Alfred. Annie was born Dec. 11, 1828, and 
died July 17, 1882; she was married to Alfred 

C. N. Matthews, of Baltimore, and they had 
nine children, six of whom are living: John 
W., Annie E., Francine, Tillie, Frank and 

the firm of Lafean Brothers, manufacturers of 
candy and confectionery, was bom at York, 
Jan. 25, 1869, son of Charles F. and Charlotte 
(Kottcamp) Lafean. He obtained his educa- 
tion in the public schools and then entered the 
office of his father, a prominent coal dealer and 
active in the business affairs of York. After 
remaining in this position one year he was as- 
signed to duty as a clerk in the wholesale con- 
fectionery store of Peter C. Wiest. Here Mr. 
Lafean at once made himself useful because he 
was attentive and alert, and after serving two 
years as an employee he purchased, in company 
with his brother, Charles F. Lafean, the entire 
wholesale interests of P. C. Wiest, then con- 
ducting business at No. 25 North George 
street. John R. Lafean became a part of the 
firm of Lafean Brothers in 1889, when they 
enlarged their business and began the manufac- 
ture of candies on College avenue, along the 
Northern Central railroad. Later they moved 
their factory to a building in Clark alley, to 
the rear of their wholesale establishment. Dur- 
ing the past sixteen years the Lafean Brothers 
have done an extensive manufacturing and 
wholesale business throughout Pennsylvania 
and adjoining States. The members of the 
firm being energetic and intelligent young men, 
the business has grown ' and developed until 
the Lafean Brothers are widely known to the 
trade throughout the country. Within recent 
years the candy business has been continually 
on the increase and the Lafean Brothers have 
taken advantage of every opportunity afforded 
to the trade in this country. They are enter- 
prising and progressive in all their methods, 
and thus have become prominent and influential 
in the manufacturing interests of York. 

In 1 901 G. Jacob Lafean, with his brother, 
Charles F. Lafean, established the Lafean Pa- 
per Company. In 1903 this company was in- 
corporated, with Charles F. Lafean, president, 
George Jacob Lafean, secretary and treasurer, 
and John R. Lafean, director. The capital 
stock was $50,000. They engag-ed in the man- 
ufacture of roofing and building paper, and the 
annual product has been increased to 2.50Q 
tons, sold throughout the United States, Can- 
ada and South America. In 1906 G. Jacob 


Lafeaii disposed of his interests in the Lafean 
Paper Company for the purpose of devoting 
his entire time and attention to the wholesale 
department of the extensive business of Lafean 
Brothers, manufacturers and wholesale dealers 
in candies and confectioner}-. 

Mr. Lafean is an ardent supporter of the 
policy and principles of the Republican party, 
has been active in politics, and has frequently 
represented the Fourth ward in city and county 
conventions. He is a member of Christ Lu- 
theran Church, and of the beneficial organiza- 
tion of the Knights of Malta. He resides in 
the Fourth ward with his mother and sister, on 
South Beaver street. 

M. D. MARTIN, president of the Martin 
Carriage Works, and also president of the 
Guardian Trust Company, of York, is a con- 
spicuous figure in the manufacturing and finan- 
cial life of that place, and his life is a happy ill- 
ustration of what energy, industry, courage 
and honorable business methods may accom- 

Mr. Martin's ancestors came from Ger- 
many in the latter part of the seventeenth cen- 
tury. His grandfather, Jacob Martin, lived 
in Lower Windsor township. York county, and 
his father, Hiram Martin, a retired farmer, is 
living- in York township. 

M. D. Martin was born in York county, 
Nov. 23, 1859, was educated in the public 
schools, and worked on his father's farm until 
he was twenty-one years old. Soon afterward, 
in 1882, he established himself in the carriage 
business, originally as a member of the firm of 
H. Martin & Son. In 1888 the Martin Car- 
riage Works was established, and in 1896 was 
begun the erection of the present commodious 
works, which are among the finest in the 
United States. In 1900 a stock company was 
organized, capitalized at $300,000, and to-day 
this concern employs from 350 to 375 skilled 
workmen, and does a business of from $500,- 
000 to $600,000 annually. Mr. Martin, the 
originator and promoter of the business, served 
as president of the company. 

We have already traced the steps of Mr. 
Martin's progress from the time he began car- 
riage building, in 1882, as a member of the 
firm of H. Martin & Son ; through the organ- 
ization of the Martin Carriage Works in 1888; 
and the organization of the present company 
June I, 1900. The record of nearly unbroken 

success may be credited almost entirely to Mr. 
Martin's superior management and judgment, 
and he deserves the many tributes of confidence 
and complimentary evidences of respect which 
he receives from his business associates and 
fellow citizens generally. The present im- 
mense establishment, completed in 1897, was 
built by him single-handed and alone. 
The works cover six acres, and the output in- 
cludes pleasure carriages, buggies, spring and 
delivery wagons, in fact all manner of vehicles 
known to modern carriage builders. Ship- 
ments are made not only to all parts of the 
United States, but to almost all civilized parts 
of the globe, the company having patrons in 
England, Germany, South Africa, Mexico, Au- 
stralia and the South American States. The 
capacity of the works is 20,000 vehicles per 
annum. The History of York County would 
indeed be incomplete without due mention of 
this great enterprise and the view (See Volume 
I) of the works whose products have carried 
the name of York to so many distant climes, 
and which have been the means of distributing 
many thousands of dollars annually through 
the avenues of trade in the thriving city of 

Mr. Martin was one of the promoters of 
the Guardian Trust Company, of York, which 
was organized June i, 1903, with a capital of 
$250,000, M. D. Martin president. This com- 
pany is recognized as one of the foremost finan- 
cial institutions of York, and already has de- 
posits amounting to almost $200,000. 

Although the president of two such import- 
ant corporations, Mr. Martin finds time for 
much quiet enjoyment in his elegant home on 
East Market street. He is a most affable and 
kindly gentleman, remembering his own early 
struggles in attaining the enviable position he 
now occupies, and is ever ready to lend a 
helping hand to others. 

The factory of The Martin Carriage 
Works is the largest carriage factory in the 
East. It is four stories high and has a floor 
space of fully six acres. It is complete in 
every detail and equipped with the best and la- 
test improved machinery. As to protection 
against fire the equipment is second to none. 
It is completely installed with automatic 
sprinklers and the buildings and lumber 
yards are encircled with water lines and 
hose houses. Two large steel tanks with a 


lf\\ Cr,>v^a^. 

.It- _ 



capacity of thirty thousand gallons of water 
connected with an Underwriter's pump with a 
capacity of seven hundred and fifty gallons of 
water a minute are installed on the premises 
with automatic adjustments for immediate ser- 
vice in case of fire. The factory is located on 
the W. M. R. R. and P. R. R. lines, has ample 
shipping facilities, and because of this advan- 
tageous location with a thirty-foot wide alley 
on the opposite side is afforded the very best 
possible light and ventilation. The absence of 
either one of these advantages would be detri- 
mental to good workmanship and injurious to 
the health of the employees. 

The capacity of this plant is twenty thous- 
and vehicles annually, and its product is 
shipped to all parts of the world. The main 
part of this factory was erected in 1897. The 
total amount of the annual output is from five 
hundred to six hundred thousand dollars, and 
as an evidence of the popularity of the product 
of this factory at home the dealers and con- 
sumers in Pennsylvania alone buy annually 
one-fourth of the entire output. 

In 1900 a stock company was organized, 
capitalized at three hundred thousand dollars. 
This concern now employs from three hundred 
"nd fifty to three hundred and seventy five 
workmen. The location of this factory is a 
natural output to the centers of trade and 
commerce, and is very well located for ship- 
ments abroad. 

N. SARGENT ROSS, senior member of 
*' legal firm of Ross & Brenneman, and one 
of the most prominent members of the York 
county Bar, is a son of Rev. Joseph Alexander 
and Mary Jamison (Harvey) Ross, and was 
born in Northumberland, Northumberland 
county. May 3, 1858. 

Mr. Ross's paternal ancestors came from 
Sco 'and to the United States, some time prior 
tt e Revolution ; one of them, James H. Ross, 
Sv. ed as an officer in that war. After the close 
of the war for Independence, Mr. Ross, who 
had rendered that patriotic service, settled 
down as a civilian in Mifflin Co., Pa., where he 
became a man of influence and means. Law- 
yer Ross's progenitors on the maternal side 
were among the oldest and most notable settlers 
of Luzerne county. Pa. The Harveys are of 
English stock, Mr. Ross's grandfather, Ben- 

jamin Harvey, of Harveyville, Luzerne coun- 
ty, having founded the place which bears his 
name, and having been prominent as a pros- 
perous farmer, mill owner and merchant. De- 
scendants of this family have occupied con- 
spicuous positions in the professional and busi- 
ness life of Luzerne county, and have been 
identified with many of its industrial enter- 
prises and material improvements and develop- 
ments. In religion the Rosses were Scotch 
Presbyterians, while the Harveys were affili- 
ated with the Methodist Episcopal Church. 

One of the descendants of James H. Ross 
was the Rev. Joseph Alexander Ross, father of 
N. Sargent Ross. The former was born in 
McVeytown, Mifflin county, July 4, 1816, and 
spent his early years and received his elemen- 
tary education at that place. He subsequently 
studied theology and entered the ministry of 
the Methodist Episcopal Church, in which he 
labored faithfully and with signal success for 
many years. Shortly after his installation he 
was assigned to several churches successively 
in Pennsylvania and Maryland, and in i860 
and 1 86 1, was pastor of the Beaver Street 
Methodist Church of York. A short time af- 
terward he removed to Carlisle, Cumberland 
county, and while pastor of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church there he was appointed chap- 
lain in the Regular Army of the United States 
and remained in the federal service during the 
Civil war. After his retirement from the 
army in 1866, he again entered the itinerancv, 
filling Various appointments in the Central 
Pennsylvania Conference of the M. E. Church. 
He continued active in the labors of the min- 
istry until about two years before his death, 
which occurred on his farm near East Water- 
ford, Juniata county, Feb. 14, 1888, after fifty 
years of active, consecrated service in the cause 
of Christianity. He was followed to his grave 
by a large concourse of people. 

N. Sargent Ross was born in Northumber- 
land county, but removed from that place soon 
after, the father's place of residence changing 
from time to time, by the various assignments 
of the M. E. Church. He received an academic 
and collegiate education and subsequently read 
law in the office of Judge Jeremiah Lyons of 
Mifflintown, and was admitted to the Bar of 
Juniata county in 1882, and later, on October 
4th, of the same year, was admitted to prac- 



tice in the courts of York county. He moved 
from Mittimtown in March, 18S3, to become a 
resident of York. Subsequent to his removal 
to York he went into the office of Edward W. 
Spangler, and has occupied offices with Mr. 
Spangler ever since. His present alhance with 
H. C. Brenneman was formed under the firm 
name of Ross & Brenneman in 1896. 

On April 12, 1890, Mr. Ross was united in 
marriage with Miss Sue W. Sanks, daughter 
of Rev. James Sanks, of York. To this union 
was born one child: Ruth C, who died July 
12, 1892. 

In the political fiekl, Mr. Ross has always 
been an active Republican. In 1885 he was 
•elected a delegate to the Republican State con- 
vention, and in 1892 he was made the nominee 
of his party for its representative in Congress 
from the Nineteenth Congressional district. 
The traditional Democratic majority was large 
and immobile, and he was conseciuently de- 
feated by the Hon. F. E. Beltzhoover, late 
Democratic representative from Carlisle, Cum- 
berland county. While devoting his best time 
to his professional business, Mr. Ross has been 
interested in a number of business enterprises. 
He is a director of the City Bank of York ; has 
various minor business interests, and has al- 
ways manifested a commendable degree of ac- 
tivity in the public welfare, material progress 
and moral improvement of his adopted city. 
He is a member of Harmonia Lodge, I. O. O. 
F. ; a charter member of Crystal Lodge, 
Knights of Pythias, and of York Lodge, B. P. 
O. Elks; and also belongs to Codorus Council, 
Jr. O. U. A. M., York Conclave, I. O. H., and 
the K. O. T. M. He is also a prominent 
Mason, being past master of York Lodge, No. 
266, Free and Accepted Masons ; past high 
priest of Howell Chapter, No. 199, Royal Arch 
Masons ; past eminent commander of Geth- 
semane Commandery, No. 75, Knights Tem- 
plar; and a member of Lulu Temple, Ancient 
Aral>ic Order Nobles of the Mystic Shrine, 
Philadelphia, cf which he is at present one 
■of the directors. 

SMYSER WILLIAMS, a son of David 
F. Williams and Anna Margaret (Smyser) 
Williams, was born in the city of York, Pa. 
His father, a newspaper publisher and editor, 
was L^nited States collector of internal revenue 

for the York district during sex'eral terms, and 
was presment of York County National izianK 
oi \ ork tor a number of years prior to his 
death in 1881. His motner was a daughter 
of Michael bmj'ser and a descendant of Micnael 
bmyser, a colonel in the American army dur- 
ing the war of the Revolution. 

Mr. Williams began his education at the 
York County Academy and graduated from 
the York high school in the class of 1873. He 
subsec[uently entered Amherst College, but did 
not remain until the end of the course. He 
studied law with Hon. Thomas E. Cochran and 
William Hay, Esq., and was admitted to the 
Bar of York county, Pa., on Sept. 15, 1879. 
In 1883 he formed a partnership with Richard 
E. Cochran, Esq., under the name of Cochran 
& Williams, in existence at the present time 
(1906). He was a referee in bankruptcy from 
1898 to 1901. 

Mr. Williams has been vice-president of 
the York Trust Company since its incorpora- 
tion in 1890, and has been a director in the 
York National Bank of York and Secretary 
of the York Water Company for many years. 

Mr. Williams married Henrietta C. Hersh, 
a daughter of the late G. Edward Hersh, who 
during a long and successful career was prom- 
inently identified with the business life of York. 
Their two children are Henry Cuthbert Will- 
iams and Eleanor Hamilton \\^illiams. 

EDWARD SMALL RUPP (deceased), 
who for many years carried on a very profi- 
table business in York, was born there Jan. 
22, 1829, son of Daniel Rupp and grandson of 
Gotlieb Rupp, who died in York City. 

Daniel Rupp, the father of our subject, was 
a native of York, and a well-known butcher, 
and died here at the age of eighty-six years. 
He was one of the first members of Trinity 
Reformed Church. He married Lydia Small, 
a cousin of Philip and Samuel Small (both of 
whom are deceased), and she died also at a 
ripe old age. They had the following named 
children : David ; Catherine, Mrs. Cornelius 
Garrison ; Daniel ; Margaret, Mrs. Granville 
Hartman, who is the only surviving member of 
this family and, now resides in York ; Edward 
S. ; Mary, who died young; and Rebecca, who 
married Dr. Roush and died in York. 

Edward S. Rupp was educated in the pub- 



lie schools of York and learned the butcher 
business with his lather, and when the latter 
died he took up the business and continued it. 
Alter marriage he lived in and bought the old 
homestead, and later the home in which Dr. 
Yeagley now lives. Here Mr. Rupp died, 
June 4, 1892. He was at one time very active 
in church work, having been one of the 
deacons in Trinity Reformed Church in years 
gone by. In politics he was a Republican. 

Mr. Rupp was married in 1861 to Miss 
Elizabeth Spangler, who was born in York, 
'daughter of Charles Spangler, who died in that 
city; he was a hatter by trade. Mrs. Rupp's 
mother, Sarah (Shultz), also died here. To 
Mr. and Mrs. Rupp children as follows were 
born : Mary and Margaret, at home ; Sarah, 
Mrs. Franklin Myers; who resides near Pitts- 
burg; Henrietta, a school teacher in the York 
high school; Frances, a clerk in P. Wiest's 
Sons' store in York ; and Daniel, at home. 

I. C. GABLE, M. D., one of the leading 
and successful medical practitioners of York, 
who stands deservedly high in citizenship as 
well as professional life, is the son of Valentine 
and Mary (Miller) Gable, and was born June 
26, 1849, ill Windsor township, York county. 
He comes of Colonial ancestry on both sides 
of his family, his great-grandfather, Valentine 
Gable, having been a commissioned officer m 
the Revolutionary war under Gen. Anthony 
Wayne. Dr. Gable's father was for many years 
a teacher in the schools of York county, and 
also engaged in agricultural pursuits. 

Dr. Gable, after receiving his preliminary 
education in the public schools of his native 
township, took a literary course at the Penn- 
sylvania State Normal School at Millersville. 
In 1867 he became a school teacher, devoting 
himself to this honorable vocation until 1874, 
during which time he taught school in Penn- 
sylvania. Ohio and Indiana. He began the 
study of medicine under the preceptorship of 
Dr. James W. Kerr, and, after a preliminary 
course of reading, in 1875 entered the Medical 
Department of the University of Pennsylvania, 
from which he was graduated with honors 
March 12, 1877. While attending the univer- 
sity he pursued a special course of reading un- 
der Dr. Charles T. Hunter, who held the chair 

of Clinical Surgery, and subsequent to gradua- 
tion took a post-graduate course at his alma 
mater, devoting most of his time to the special 
study of general surgery in that institution and 
in the Pennsylvania Hospital. 

In 1878 Dr. Gable opened an office in York, 
where he speedily advanced in his profession 
to a commanding position, being a thorough 
student of medical literature, thoroughly ag- 
gressive, progressive and up-to-date in his 
ideas, and with the harmonious development 
that results from practical skill united with 
high intellectual attainments. He is a member 
of the York County Medical Society ; has been 
twice vice-president of the Pennsylvania Med- 
ical Society, and served for many years as 
a member of the State Medical Legislative 
Committee, and for seven years was its chair- 
man. During the period of his service on the 
committee the present statutory enactment 
known as the State Medical Act of Pennsylva- 
nia was passed. 

In 1894, at a meeting of the State Medical 
Society in Philadelphia, Dr. Gable was ap- 
pointed to deliver the annual address on "Med- 
icine," in Chambersburg, the following year. 
He has contributed other valuable articles to 
the Society, which have been widely circulated 
in the published proceedings of that body. For 
twelve years Dr. Gable was a member of the 
lx)ard of trustees and judicial council of the 
State Medical Society, during five years of that 
time being its president. He has been promi- 
nent in national as well as State medical coun- 
cils. In 1880, in a meeting held at New York 
City, he became a member of the American 
Medical Association, and was made chairman 
of the Pennsylvania delegation at the meeting 
of that organization held in Milwaukee, Wis., 
in 1 89 1. Dr. Gable is a member of the Pan- 
American Medical Congress, and was a member 
of the auxiliary committee appointed for the or- 
ganization of that body. He is one of the censors 
of the Medico-Chirurgical College of Phila- 
delphia. He is County Medical Inspector to 
the State Department of Health, and is an ac- 
tive member of the American Public Health 
Association. Aside from these more strictly 
official relations. Dr. Gable is medical exam- 
iner for many leading life insurance companies 
represented in this city, and has a professional 



practice in the various departments of medi- 
cine and surgery enjoyed by but few in this 

Dr. Gable was married Dec. 15, 1888, to 
Miss Eva A. Fon Dersmith, of Lancaster, Pa., 
who is descended from one of the oldest and 
most highly honored families of that county. 
One son has been born to this union, Ray- 
mond F. 


lican State Senator from York county, is of 
Scotch-Irish lineage. His ancestors came from 
the northern part of Ireland, the original emi- 
grant leaving there in 1756, and on arrival in 
America settled in Lancaster county. Early in 
the history of York county, members of the 
family purchased land in what is known as 
Peach Bottom, and here the name has been 
handed down from generation to generation. 
His great-grandfather, Hugh McConkey, 
served in the Revolution from York county, 
and grandfather James McConkey passed 
his life here, a merchant by occupation, 
he having been in the mercantile trade at Peach 
Bottom for a period of over fifty years. He 
was a veteran of the war of 1812, responding 
to the call of the Government for troops at 
the time Baltimore was threatened. He was a 
man of large influence and very active in the 
public life of the county, serving as a Whig in 
the State Senate from York county from 1836 
to 1840. 

William McConkey, son of James and 
father of Senator McConkey, broke the as- 
sociations at Peach Bottom, removing to 
Wrightsville, where he became associated with 
David E. Small and Michael Schall, of York, 
in the ownership of the Aurora Furnace. He 
was also interested in other business enter- 
prises, and was for many years prior to his 
death, which occurred in 1880, president of 
the First National Bank of Wrightsville. He 
took an active part in politics, and in 1855 was 
elected by the Whig party to represent York 
county in the Legislature. He married Susan 
Silver, of Silver Mount, Maryland. 

Edwin K. McConkey was born at \\'rights- 
ville in 1864. Reared in a refined and culti- 
vated home atmosphere, he passed his boyhood 
in the pursuit of an education in the public 
schools, graduating from the Wrightsville high 
school, and later finishing at the York Collegi- 

ate Institute. His first business venture was 
in the mercantile line, as a member of the firm 
of McConkey Brothers. A stronger attraction, 
however, was that of the service of the Pullman 
Car Company, and for a number of years he 
was one of their most faithful employees, re- 
ceiving promotion until he had become assis- 
tant superintendent at Philadelphia. 

Senator McConkey's marriage in 1891 to 
Annie, daughter of David Strickler, of York, 
changed the course of his business life and 
made him a resident of York. Mr. Strickler 
was secretary' and treasurer of the Farmers' 
Fire Insurance Company of York, and Mr. 
McConkey, becoming interested in the com- 
pany, succeeded to Mr. Strickler's office at his 
death, in 1900. He is also interested in the 
York National Bank, being a director of that 
strong financial institution, and is also on the 
directorate of the York Water Company, the 
York Gas Company and the Guardian Trust 

The Senator's grandfather was one of the 
leaders of the Whig party in York county. His 
father, originally a Whig, in 1856 became one 
of the founders of the Republican party in 
York county and was always actively inter- 
ested in public affairs. From his honored 
father and grandfather Senator McConkey in- 
herited strong" intellectual endowments and 
learned by training and association to advocate 
and support the same political policy and prin- 
ciples as his ancestors. He always voted the 
Republican ticket, but not until 1902 did he 
take an active part in politics. It was during 
that year that the Republican party of York 
county invited him to accept the nomination for 
.State Senator. Although the county had pre- 
viously sent a Democratic representative to 
the State Senate since the organization of the 
Republican party, Mr. McConkey accepted the 
nomination. An active and vigorous campaign 
followed, in which he was one of the chief par- 
ticipants. It resulted in his election by a hand- 
some majority. He served with credit in the 
State Senate, taking a prominent part in all 
the deliberations of that body. His active ex- 
perience in the business and financial aft'airs of 
York had eminently fitted him for this position 
and he performed his duties with entire satis- 
faction to his constituents, serving on the com- 
mittees on Banks and Building and Loan As- 
sociations, Judiciary, Education, Appropria- 





lions. Street Railway, and others equally prom- 
inent. He also performed important duties at 
tlie extra sessions of the Legislature held in 
1906, and at the close of the session received 
a personal letter of congratulations for his in- 
teilir;-ent efforts from Gov. Pennypacker. 

Mr. and Mrs. McConkey, together with their 
two daughters, Mary Elizabeth and Hannah 
H., reside in a delightful home on East Marker 
street, York. They are prominent in the social 
life of York, and he is a member of Riverside 
Lodge of Masons, the Country Club, the Order 
of Elks, and the Bachelors Club He is also 
a member and has served as president of the 
Laf.'ivette Club, one of the leading social organ- 
izations of York. 

During the Revolution William McCon- 
key, a brother of Senator McConkey's great- 
grandfather, resided in Pennsylvania above 
Trenton, near the Delaware river. On the 
night of Dec. 25, 1776, before he crossed the 
Delaware and won the decisive battle of Tren- 
ton, Gen. Washington stopped at the McCon- 
key mansion with his intimate friend, William 
McConkey. According to the newspapers, last 
winter the Washington Society of Trenton, N. 
J., crossed the Delaware river at the same spot 
as Washirfgton. 

JOHN H. YEAGLEY, M. D. This is a 
familiar and honored name, dating far back in 
the history of Pennsylvania. The bearer of 
the name, John H. Yeagley, has for many 
years gone in and out before the people of 
York in the busy life of a practicing physician, 
and has ever evidenced a disposition to sacri- 
fice his own comfort in order to ameliorate the 
sufferings of others. He comes of a family of 
practitioners and is well and favorably known 
as a physician. He was born in Johnstown, 
Pa., in 1852. His grandfather, Henry Yeag- 
ley, was a well known farmer of Fayette coun- 
ty, this state, and his father was Dr. Henry 
Yeagley, for many years a prominent practi- 
tioner of Lancaster, Pa. He formerly practiced 
medicine in Johnstown, Pa., and in Berlin and 
Waterloo, Canada. Referring to Dr. Henry 
Yeagley, who was a very eminent practitioner, 
a well known medical journal says : 

"Among the honored names of early and 
successful eclectic medical men of recent times, 
that of Dr. Henry Yeagley is worthy of a con- 

spicuous place. The popularity of eclecticism 
now, in the section of country where he labored 
in its interests, is an evidence of the successful 
manner in which he discharged the duties of 
a reformer. Thus, it will be seen, he was one 
of the pioneers in disseminating the principles 
of liberal ideas in the medical world. It must 
be remembered that when he began to practice, 
in 1848, the dominant school was using calo- 
mel, and blood letting ad libitum — until re- 
cently familiar to all with memories dating 
back that far. This irrational treatment has 
long since been abolished and the credit of 
this and many other reforms is largely due to 
the commanding influence of the homeopathic 
and eclectic schools of medicine." Dr. Henry 
Yeagley died in Lancaster, May 2, 1902. He 
married Miss Sarah Dibert, a daughter of John 
Dibert, a merchant and tanner of Johnstown, 
Pa. Their family numbered five children, as 
follows: John H., now of Y'ork; Lizzie, wife 
of John Shaub, a shoe merchant of Lancaster; 
Dibert Lincoln, a farmer and stock-raiser of 
Kansas ; Rella. wife of Finley H. Torrence, 
city clerk of the department of public works in 
Pittsburg; and Dr. James M., of Lancaster. 

Dr. John H. Yeagley, of York, was edu- 
cated at University College, in Cobourg, Can- 
ada, and at Hahnemann Medical College, Phil- 
adelphia. He graduated at the latter insti- 
tution in 1878 and at once took up the practice 
of medicine in York, where he has since con- 
ducted a large practice. On April 20, 1892, 
the Doctor was united in marriage to Rebecca 
Elizabeth Buckingham, a daughter of John 
W. Buckingham, a retired merchant of York. 
Three children were born of this union: Re- 
becca Buckingham, Henry and John Dibert 

Dr. Yeagley is ex-president of the Goodno 
Homeopathic Society and holds high rank 
among the members of his profession. He has 
been the pioneer in York in the use of the 
X-Rays and electricity, being equipped with the 
latest and best in the scientific world, and it is 
not strange, therefore, that his practice is a 
ven.' large one, for, like his lamented father, 
he has always occupied advanced ground in the 
pursuit of his learned and honored profession. 

As a member of the First M. E. Church he 
is a well known worker, and brings into his 



every-day life the precepts set forth by his 
church. For many years as a member of the 
board of trustees he has worked for its best 
welfare and upbuilding. He has given to this 
cause not only of his time and labors, but most 
liberally of his means. 

HENRY A. EBERT belongs on both sides 
of the family to stock that dates farther back 
than the Revolution, and is identified with 
Pennsylvania's early history, while his wife's 
lineage is equally ancient. 

The Ebert family was originally German, 
and the first American ancestor, Michael, came 
from Wurtemberg about 1742, and settled in 
York county, where he took up 600 ot 700 
acres of land along the Codorus. The popular 
Highland Park was a part of this tract. Alar- 
tin Ebert, son of Michael, secured the best 
portion of his father's possessions, by purchase, 
and in the next generation the old homestead 
descended to Adam, who spent most of his life 
there, but finally retired to York and there 

Henry Ebert, son of Adam and father of 
Henry A., was the next in line. He lived in 
the old home in Manchester township where he 
was born, for the greater part of his life, but 
after giving active participation in agricultural 
pursuits, he lived in York for a time. He soon 
tired, however, of the new surroundings and 
went back to his old home for the remaining 
seventeen or eighteen years of his life, and 
there passed away in 1884, aged seventy-five 
years. Henry Ebert married Sarah Smyser, 
daughter of Jacob Smyser, of West Manches- 
ter. She traced her descent from the original 
Smyser, who settled in York county, in 1735. 
Henry and Sarah Ebert had five children : ( i ) 
The eldest, Charles A., died Jan. 16, 1904, in 
Kansas City, Kansas, where he had moved 
thirty years before, and become a successful 
real estate dealer. (2) Anna Maria and (3) 
Martin Luther make their home together on 
West Market street. (4) Sarah Jane married 
the late Rev. Charles C. Lanius, of the Mora- 
vian Church. (5) Henry A. 

Henry A. Ebert was born on the family 
home.stead, Dec. 10, 1841. He received his 
education in the public schools of York, in the 
York City Academy and in Peiffer's College, 
Oxford, Adams county. On entering busi- 

ness life he chose a mercantile career, and for 
fifteen years followed that line, but at the end 
of that time retired from it to undertake the 
management of his own property and that left 
by his father, of which latter he and his broth- 
er, Martin Luther, were trustees. On looking 
into affairs, the brothers conceived the idea of 
developing a portion of the tract into a suburb 
of York, and at once proceeded to carry it into 
execution. Beginning with but two houses, 
the old Ebert mansion and a tenant's house, the 
settlement grew rapidly until it numbered fully 
200 dwellings and included a prominent man- 
ufacturing plant. It was known as Eberton, 
and became so important that a trolley line was 
built to the suburb, which in turn increased its 
growth until the region was formed into "West 
York Boro." By the residents, however, and in 
fact by people generally, it continues to be 
called Eberton. 

Mr. Ebert is very unostentatious and avoids 
publicity as much as possible, but he, neverthe- 
less, is known better to the York public as a 
whole than most of the citizens. He is a Re- 
publican in his political belief. Although he 
has never been induced to seek or accept office, 
he is a loyal supporter of his party ai^d always 
ready to promote the real welfare of the com- 
munity. He has belonged for many years to 
the Union Lutheran Church, of York, and does 
his utmost to further its efforts for the moral 
uplifting of the city. He has been a faithful 
worker in it, in various departments, serving 
as elder for twenty-two years, treasurer of the 
Sunday-school for thirty-five, and as a teacher 
in the latter for forty years. He was also one 
of the organizers of the Y. M. C. A. and was 
for years on its board of managers. 

On June 7, 1870, Mr. Ebert was united in 
marriage to Miss Mary Sheller, daughter of 
the late Dr. Adam Sheller, a prominent phy- 
sician of Mt. Joy. Lancaster county. Three 
children have been born to this union : Anna 
Laura, at home, having completed her studies 
in the Young Ladies' Seminary, of York, and 
the Lutherville Seminary; Ella V., wife of J. 
Wilbur Yeats, in Philadelphia; and Harry S. 
The son is a prominent real estate agent, with 
his office on Market street, is a' member of the 
board of managers of the Y. M. C. A., a trustee 
of the First Presbvterian Church and very ac- 
tive in whatever field he is interested. 



Mrs. Mai'y (Slieller) Ebert traces her an- 
cestry to Major Abraham Scott, through his 
grandson, Hugh Peden. Capt. (afterward 
i^ieut. Col.) Hugh Peden fought at Brandy- 
wine and Gerniantown, serving first as captain 
of a company under Col. Lowrey, and later as 
major in Col. Jacob Cook's battalion. He was 
one of the "flying corps" of both Col. Gal- 
braith's and Col. Lowrey's battalions. He 
formed in 1775 the first company in Rapho 
township, Lancaster county. Mrs. Ebert pos- 
sesses quite a wealth of historical matter of 
Revolutionary date, and among her interesting 
relics is a bill rendered by Dr. Hand for pro- 
fessional services. Dr. Hand afterward be- 
came General Hand, and his old home in the 
suburbs of Lancaster is a historical spot of 
much interest. Mrs. Ebert is a member of the 
D. A. R.. and might justly claim admission 
to the Colonial Dames, as her ancestors, the 
Scotts, came to America in 1730, and held 
various offices under the Colonial government. 

Both Mr. and Mrs. Ebert are zealous 
church workers, though the latter is a member 
of the First Presbyterian Church, instead of 
the Lutheran, and does her share through its 
agencies. She is a woman of beautiful Chris- 
tian character, and is thoroughly in accord 
with her husband's charitable and philan- 
thropic enterprises. 

WILLIAM S. BOND, treasurer of the 
Weaver Organ & Piano Co., which conducts 
one of the extensive and important industrial 
enterprises of the county, is a native of York, 
born in that city May 9, 1863, son of William 
H. and Elizabeth (Slegel) Bond. 

William H. Bond was born in Maryland, 
of Scotch-Irish lineage, and came to York in 
1861. Here he engaged in the grocery busi- 
ness, with which he continued to be success- 
fully identified for many years, being one of 
the county's honored citizens. He was sum- 
moned to his reward in 1893, at the age of 
sixty-five years. His wife, whose father was a 
prominent farmer of North Codorus township, 
still resides in York. Their seven children 
were : The first-born died in infancy ; Allen 
died in 1890, at the age of thirty years; Will- 
iam S. was the third ; Emma J. is the wife of 
Dr. Chnrlps Lenhart, a successful veterinary 
surgeon of Dover, this county ; Frank is en- 

gaged in the general merchandise business in 
the west end division of the city of York; Lu- 
ther is constructing engineer for the York 
Manuiacturing Co. ; and .Bertha E. is the wife 
of John Rosenfeld, a traveling salesman of 

In the public schools of his native city 
William S. Bond secured his early education, 
and he later took a course of study in the Na- 
tional Normal University, at Lebanon, Ohio, 
after which he was for three terms a successful 
teacher in the public schools of his native coun- 
ty. Not desirmg to follow pedagogy as a vo- 
cation, he became bookkeeper in the office of 
the York Daily, retaining this position three 
years, at the expiration of which he opened a 
retail music store in York and built up a most 
satisfactory business, in which he continued for 
six years. He then sold out and in 1891 ac- 
cepted the position of treasurer of the Weaver 
Organ & Piano Co. Three .years later he was 
also made secretary of the company, and he has 
since given his entire time and attention to the 
exacting duties of his dual office. The industry 
is one of the most important in the city, the 
output of the works being four hundred or- 
gans and fifty pianos per -month, which repre- 
sents a large increase in capacity, while the 
capital stock has been increased from the origi- 
nal thirty thousand dollars to the notable 
amount of four hundred thousand. Of the im- 
mense output of the Weaver establishment it 
is pleasing to note that fully one thousand or- 
gans are annually exported to Europe, South 
Africa, New Zealand, and other foreign coun- 
tries. Mr. Bond has been an important factor 
in the building up of the great enterprise, which 
has marked bearing on the general prestige 
and material welfare of the city and county. 
In addition to his association with this con- 
cern Mr. Bond is also a member of the direc- 
torate of the York Silk Manufacturing Co.. 
and he is known as a progressive and public- 
spirited business man and loyal citizen. In 
politics he gives his support to the Republican 
party, and in 1901. for a term of four years, 
was elected a member of the board of school 
control of York, as representative of the 
Ninth ward. He was elected for a second 
term of four years by an increased majority 
in 1905. In this office he has brought to bear 
the same discrimination and executive power 
which have conser\-ed the success of the busi- 



ness entei'prises with which he is or has been 
identified. After serving on other committees 
for two years he was appointed chairman of 
the Finance committee, which position he now 
holds. Both he and his wife are zealous and 
prominent members of the Union Lutheran 
Church, and since 1 900 he has served most ac- 
ceptably as superintendent of its Sunday- 
school. Mr. Bond was one of the principal 
supporters of the pastor, Rev. A. G. Fastnacht, 
D. D., in the raising of $23,000 for the new 
Sunday-school building which was dedicated in 
June, 1900, and under his superintendency the 
Union Lutheran has become one of the largest 
and most successful Sunday-schools in the city 
of York, as well as in the General Synod of the 
Lutheran Church of the United States. The 
membership has already almost doubled since 
the beginning of his superintendency, now 
numbering ovc 1000. 

Mr. Bond ser\«ed six. years, from 1886 to 
1892, as director of the Y. M. C. A., being 
treasurer the last three years mentioned. He 
is now a member of the board of trustees of 
the same institution, having- served in that ca- 
pacity since 1899. 

On May 16, 1888, Mr. Bond was united 
in marriage to Miss Sallie S. Loucks, who was 
born and reared in this county, daughter of 
the late Franklin Loucks, an honored and in- 
fluential citizen of York, where he was long 
engaged in the grain, flour and feed business, 
while he was also a member of one of the 
county's old and influential families. Of the 
children of Mr. and Mrs. Bond, AValter was 
a member of the class of 1905 in the York 
high school, and is now taking a four years' 
course in the Wharton School of Finance and 
Commerce, of the University of Pennsylvania : 
Urban is a member of the class of 1907: and 
Mary and Anna are likewise attending the 
public schools. The family home is a center 
of gracious hospitality, and Mr. and Mrs. Bond 
are Drominent in the social life of the com- 

DANIEL K. TRIMMER, attornev-at-law, 
and prominently engaged in the real estate busi- 
ness at York and elsewhere, was born in Dover 
township, York county, Sept. 10, 1846. His 
parents were Daniel B. and Elizabeth (Kaufif- 
man) Trimmer, and his ancestors on the pa- 
ternal side were formerly residents of New 

Jersey, but for the past five generations have 
been identified with the life and interests of 
York county, Pennsylvania. 

The first of the family to settle in York 
county was George Trimmer, who purchased a 
large tract of land in Dover township. Wil- 
liam Trimmer, great-grandson of the settler, 
was an influential citizen in his day, and a lead- 
ing Bishop of the German Baptist Church in 
York county. His son, Daniel B. Trimmer, the 
father of Daniel K. Trimmer, was born on the 
homestead farm in Dover township, in 1809, 
and died in 1873. Early in life he married 
Elizabeth Kauffman, a representative of an 
early Pennsjdvania family, prominent in York 
and Lancaster counties, who died in 1 900. They 
had eleven children, of whom are surviving: 
William, of York ; Reuben, of Goshen, Ind. ; 
Nancy, wife of George B. Stauffer, of Dills- 
burg, York county; Elizabeth, wife of John R. 
Altland, residing on the Trimmer homestead in 
Dover township, which has been in the Trim- 
mer name for five generations ; Alice, of York ; 
and Daniel K. Both the parents were earnest 
and devout members of the German Baptist 
Church, to which their ancestors had belonged 
for several generations. In politics the fathei 
was a Whig and later a Republican. 

At the age of ten years Daniel K. Trimmer 
left the paternal home, growing to manhood 
in the family of an aunt, who resided in West 
M^anchester township, near the city of York. 
He obtained his preliminary education in the 
country schools, and at York County Academy 
(of which he is now a trustee) , in each of which 
he excelled as a student. At the age of eigh- 
teen years he began the profession of teaching 
in the township schools, and later taught a 
grammar school at Middletown, Pa., and in 
the city of York. During the last years of his 
teaching he registered as a law student with 
Hon. George W. Heiges, and was admitted to 
the Bar of York county Oct. 23, 1874, and later 
to the Superior and Supreme courts of Penn- 
sylvania and the LTnited States District courts. 
For two years he practiced his chosen pro- 
fession at Hanover, and then removed to York, 
where he has since resided, and where he has 
been actively engaged as a lawyer and a, deal- 
er in real estate, prospering in both lines. His 
professional labors have been almost exclu- 
sively devoted to the settlement of land titles 
and trust estates, and to corporation work. He 

J^ ,^^^y^^>n^4M^ 



has served as vice-president and solicitor for 
the York Street Railway Company; was coun- 
sel for the eastern extension of the Baltimore 
& Harrisburg Railroad Company from the 
time of its organization until 1900, when this 
road became a part of the Wabash system ; has 
been secretary and counsel for the York Hotel 
Company, and has been 'dentitied with various 
other corporations. He was the pioneer real 
estate dealer of York, but his efforts in that 
line are now confined to the management of his 
own estate and looking after extensive land 
deals in association with others. Besides his 
real estate interests in York he has interests in 
the city of Washington and at Fort Meyer 
Heights, Va., on the v/est bank of the Potomac, 
opposite the city of Washington. Within re- 
cent years a large portion of his time has been 
devoted to Orphans' court practice. During 
the summer and fall of 1905 he joined with a 
number of capitalists of Philadelphia in the 
organization and incorporation of the Phila- 
delphia Life Insurance Company, of which he 
is the vice-president. 

Being interested in the material progress 
of the city of York, Mr. Trimmer became asso- 
ciated with Capt. William H. Lanius in organ- 
izing and advancing the interests of the West 
End Improvement Company, which has de- 
veloped in a remarkable degree the northwest- 
ern section of the city. He has been a con- 
spicuous figure in the material upbuilding of 
the city of York, and is justly esteemed as such 
in his community. 

In politics Mr. Trimmer has advocated the 
policy and supported the principles of the Re- 
publican party. In 1878, owing to his activity 
in electing the first Republican burgess of York, 
he was chosen solicitor for the borough. He 
served as chairman of the Republican County 
Committee during the years 1879 ^"d 1884. 
Throughout his life he has been an active 
member of various social, benevolent and fra- 
ternal orders. For many years he was devoted 
to the interests of the Knights of Pythias; he 
is a past grand of the I. O. O. F., and a past 
Chief Patriarch of the Encampment : is a past 
officer in the Order of Elks: and has taken a 
high rank in the Masonic fraternity, being a 
past master, past high priest and past command- 
er. In the city of York he is a member of the 
Lafayette Club and the Outdoor Club, and has 
been active in promoting the interests of the 

Historical Society of York County, of which 
he is a charter member. He has also served 
as vestryman in St. John's Protestant Epis- 
copal Church, of which he is a member. 

Mr. Trimmer was married in July, 1900, to 
Miss Louise F. Dezendorf, daughter of Hon. 
John F. Dezendorf, ex-member of Congress 
from the State of Virginia. They have three 
children, Daniel, Mary and Louise. 

Jx\COB L. KUEHN is not only one of the 
more prominent plumbers and house furnish- 
ers of York, but is widely known in other con- 
nections. His ancestors on one side, the 
Laumasters, settled in America before the 
Revolutionary War, some of them being 
soldiers in that historic conflict. On the other 
side Mr. Kuehn's forefathers, the Becks, had 
a similar Revolutionary record. 

Jacob Laumaster was a wagonmaker, and 
later became well known as a bridge-builder, 
the latter business being continued by his sons. 
John Xuehn, the paternal grandfather of Jacob 
L. Kuehn, came from Leipsic in 181 6, and 
settled in York county. John Lewis Kuehn, 
the father of Jacob L., was born in Cassel, 
Germany, and accompanied his father to York. 
He learned the trade of millwright with a 
noted millwright, Peter Zorger, following that 
occupation for several years, became a con- 
tractor and carpenter and later engaged in mer- 
cantile pursuits. He died in 1886, aged seven- 
ty-two years. He married Catherine Lau- 
master, daughter of Jacob Laumaster, and she 
became the mother of four children : John H., 
a carriage-builder, who died in 1890, aged 
forty-eight years : Maria L. ; Catherine Agnes, 
wife of Luke R. Rouse, retired; and Jacob L. 

Jacob L. Kuehn was born March 28, 1836. 
in the city of York, and was educated in its 
public schools. His first occupation was with 
his father, as a carpenter. He then worked as 
a machinist, and became superintendent of the 
York Gas Works, which position he filled for 
forty-two years, for twenty-five years of that 
time acting as superintendent of the York 
Water Company. Retiring from these offices, 
Mr. Kuehn established the plumbing, gas-fit- 
ting and house-furnishing business which has 
since become so prosperous. He is located on 
George street, and one of his specialties is the 
erection of all varieties of heating apparatus 
and svstems. 



Mr. Kuehn was married Nov. i, 1857, to 
Anna Catherine Vogel, daughter of Sebastian 
Vogel, a well known gardener and ilorist of 
Lancaster, and of the four children born to 
them, we have record of two, Anna Elizabeth 
and Harriet Augusta. The former married 
Dr. Gyula UUmann, who has been awarded a 
medal by the Paris University for his small- 
pox remedies, and who lives and has practiced 
his profession for several years in Chester, Pa. 
Mr. Kuehn's first wife died in 1890, and in 
June, 1 89 1, he was married (second) to Susan 
Hyde, daughter of Adam Ruhl, a carpenter of 
York; one daughter was born to this union, 
Louise Margaret, who is attending the York 
high school, being a member of the class of 
1907. Mr. Kuehn's second wife died in 1893, 
and in March, 1899, he married Caroline 
Keiser, daughter of Francis Keiser (deceased), 
who was born in Hanover, Germany, but died 
in York. 

Mr. Kuehn belongs to the Artisans. In 
politics he is a Republican. He is a man who 
possesses fine conversational powers and a 
wonderful fund of reminiscences of the early 
and later days of York. 

family is one of the oldest families of York 
county, having settled along the Yellow 
Breeches Creek prior to the time the county 
was organized. The original settlers were 
cousins of James Logan, the secretaiy of Wil- 
liam Penn, and who is said to have been second 
only to Penn in the founding and developing 
of Pennsylvania. The family settled among 
the mountains surrounding Dillsburg and gave 
the name Monaghan township to that section 
of the country, taking the name from their 
original home in Ireland. At this time the 
Blair, Campbell, O'Hail and McCurdy fam- 
ilies — families also of Irish origin — settled in 
that neighborhood. The township of Mon- 
aghan was afterwards divided, and Carroll 
township formed from part of Monaghan 

The Logan family is of Scotch origin. Its 
history can be found among the records of the 
early history of Scotland under the title 
"Logan of Restalrig." From the time of Wil- 
liam the Lion (12th century) and through 
subsequent ages the family was connected with 

most of the important events in Scotch history. 
[See Tyler's History of Scotland — Buchan- 
non's History of Scotland]. 

One of the family married a daughter of 
Robert II of Scotland, and inherited a tract of 
land known as "Lands of Grugar." Two 
members of the family — Sir Robert and Sir 
Walter Logan — were associates of Robert the 
Bruce, and together with Sir James Douglass, 
were charged with the crusade to convey the 
heart of Bruce to the Holy Sepulchre. While 
en route to Palestine the Crusaders stopped in 
Spain and engaged in battle with the Moors 
near Granada (13 13). The heart of Bruce, 
enclosed in a casket of gold, was flung by the 
Scots in advance of their line into the heart 
of the enemy. In the desperate rush to re- 
cover the heart, the Logans, together with 
Lord Douglass and the greater part of the 
Crusaders, fell. [Gross' Antiquities of Scot- 
land — Buchannon's History of Scotland]. 

Later the Laird of Logan became possessed 
of a large estate near Edinburgh. Within the 
domains of this estate was located Restalrig 
Church, where Mary, Queen of Scots, was 
married. During the time of James VI of 
Scotland and I of England [Robertson's His- 
tory of Scotland and Bucker's History of 
Scotland] the Crown of Scotland coveted the 
estate of the Logan clan, and falsely caused 
charges of treason to be brought against a 
dead Baron of the house, who had died un- 
suspected of treason some years previous 
thereto. The bones of this Baron were dis- 
interred, brought into court and by false tes- 
timony condemned, the descendants attainted 
and corruption of blood decreed. The lands of 
the Logan family were forfeited to the great 
profit and lasting disgrace of the Scottish 
Crown, and the family driven in exile to Ire- 

The Logan coat of arms will be found 
among the books of heraldry, and, referring 
to the heart of Bruce, has this motto — "Hoc 
Majorum Virtus." The Logan clan Tartan 
is also of record as is the Logan plaid. 

The first settlement of the family in Ire- 
land was at Luigam. John Logan, the immedi- 
ate progenitor of the Logan family of Dills- 
burg, was born at Cout Hill (Koot Hill), 
County Monaghan, Ireland, in 1712. He was 
married in Ireland to Ann, otherwise Agnes, 



who was born 1700 and died 1799. About the 
year 1746 John Logan, with Ann, his wife, 
and five others — making seven in all — sailed 
for America. After a voyage of fourteen 
weeks, during which time one of the number 
died and was buried at sea, the survivors 
landed in this country. They came at once to 
the Cumberland Valley, and prior to 1750 
settled in Carroll township, York Co., Pa. 
Here they secured lands which, with others 
afterward secured, were patented under the 
name of Logania, and which have continued 
in the possession of the Logan family to the 
present date. 

At the time the Logans settled near Dills- 
burg, the country was practically a wilderness. 
A few of the well-to-do families kept negro 
slaves. Indians roamed at will, and deer were 
in abundance. The nearest market was Bal- 
timore. Practically the only thing that the set- 
tlers were able to take to market was corn- 
whiskey. This made necessary the erection of 
a "still" house by nearly every farmer. The 
settlers were nearly all Irish and mostly Pres- 
byterians. Monaghan Presbyterian Church 
was built at Dillsburg, and was said to have 
been the centre of forty "still" houses within 
a radius of three miles. 

While the settlers considered themselves 
well-to-do, they lived very simply. For ex- 
ample, the house built by John Logan was a 
small log affair with a dirt floor. The first 
floor was divided into two rooms. A ladder 
led to the second floor. A partition of logs 
about four feet high divided the second floor 
into two rooms. No door was ever sawed be- 
tween these two rooms. Entrance was had in- 
to the back room by climbing ove:.- the parti- 
tion. In this house two generat'ons of the 
Logan family lived. 

Tv.'o of the women belonging to the fam- 
ily were carried into captivity by the Tuscarora 
Indians during the French and Indian War. 
Both the women returned, one after a captivity 
of eighteen months. Another member of the 
family was lost with Braddock's Expedition. 
The members of the family lie buried in the 
old Dillsburg grave-yard. 

Henry Logan, son of John Logan, was 
born in Ireland in 1738, and died Aug. 3, 
1825. He was married to Su.sanna Blair (B. 
1743 — D. 1817), who was a daughter of Bryce 

Blair. The Blair family at that time were prom- 
inent owners of land in York county, and gave 
their name to several hills in Carroll township. 
One of the descendants (James Blair) was a 
Deputy United States Consul to Brazil under 
President Cleveland. 

Henry Logan left to survive him the fol- 
lowing children, all of whom were more or less 
prominent in their day and generation, namely : 
Eleanor, wife of Robert Lynch; Sarah, wife 
of Matthew Lynch and grandmother of the 
Abraham Dehufif family of York, and also 
grandmother of Lyman D. Gilbert, now of Har- 
risburg, an ex-Attorney General of the Com- 
monwealth; James; Henry; and William. 

Colonel Henry Logan, M. C, son of Henry 
Logan above referred to was born April 14, 
1784, died Dec. 26, 1866. He served in a regi- 
ment commanded by General Thomas C. Mil- 
ler, of Gettysburg, during the War of 181 2, 
and was present at the battle of North Point 
during the defense of Baltimore at the time 
the British General Ross was killed. He was 
made Captain of the loth Company, 19th Regi- 
ment, 2nd Brigade, 5th Division of the Penn- 
sylvania Militia, and afterward (Aug. I, 1814) 
Lieutenant Colonel of the same regiment. In 
1 81 8 and 1819 he represented York county in 
the Pennsylvania Assembly, and in 1 828-1 831 
in the Pennsylvania Senate. In 1841 he was 
elected commissioner of York county. From 
1831-1835 he represented York county in Con- 
gress at Washington. He was a hard Demo- 
crat, and .1 strong politician. He was accus- 
tomed to say toward the end of his life that he 
had gone lO Congress when it was an honor to 
go, and that he had never solicited an ofiice or 
asked a single person to vote for him. He was 
a membei' of the American Colonization So- 
ciety, whose object was to transport the ne- 
groes to Liberia. He was a member of the 
original Masonic lodge organized in York City, 
Pa., and which was suppressed in the days of 
anti-Ma^onry. He was a successful farmer, 
and at the time of Jiis death owned more than 
seven hundred acres of land in Carroll township 
and vicinity. He married. Feb. 22. 1825. Mar- 
tha O'Hail, daughter of Edward O'Hail. a 
Revolutionary soldier and an elder of the ?iIon- 
aghan Presbyterian Church. Her mother was 
Jane Richey. The children of Henry Logan 
were: Susan, wife of \\'illiani Beetam, of 



Carlisle, Pa. ; James Jackson (born 1830 — died 
1902), of Carroll township; Mary Ann, wife 
of Abraham Williams, owner of the Granger 
Picnic grounds near Dillsburg, Pa. ; Martha ; 
Josephine, wife of Dr. William D. Bailey, of 
Dillsburg (Dr. Bailey was a son of Colonel S. 
N. Bailey, 12th Pennsylvania Reserves, and 
was himself Major of the 87th P. V. I., during 
the Civil war, while his brother, Hon. John 
;M. Bailey, deceased, was President Judge of 
Huntingdon county, and another brother, D. 
B. Bailey, was a member of the York Count)^ 
Bar) : Rev. William H., now of Wilmington, 
Del. ; and John N. 

John N. Logan, senior member of the law 
firm of Logan & Logan of York and Dillsburg 
and son of Col. Henry 'Logan, was born April 
17, 1846. He was reared on his father's farm 
and attended the local schools. He afterward 
attended Tuscarora Academy, entered Prince- 
ton College and received the degree of A. B. 
in 1869. In 1 87 1 he commenced the study of 
law. About that time he accepted the position 
of cashier of the Dillsburg National Bank, 
which position he held for more than twelve 
years. In 1889 he was admitted to practice at 
law at York, Pa. From 1870 to 1880 he served 
as justice of the peace in Carroll township. He 
served as elder of the Monaghan Presbyterian 
Church from 1871 to 1898, and was superin- 
tendent of the Sunday-school for more than 
twenty years. It was largely through his ef- 
forts that the Dillsburg branch of the Cumber- 
land Valley railroad was built in 1870-1872. 
He is the owner of certain magnetic iron ore 
lands in Dillsburg, and has devoted many years 
to the study of minerals. 

In 1874 Mr. Logan married Ella M. 
Coover, who was descended on her father's 
side from Dietrich Kover (Coover) of the 
Palatinate on the Rhine, who sailed on the Ship 
"Thistle" of Glasgow from Rotterdam, and ar- 
rived in Philadelphia Aug. 29, 1730. Her 
father was Jacob Coover, born 181 6 — died 
■1899; and her mother was Lydia A. Welty, 
daughter of Frederick Welty, and Sarah Eich- 
elberger, and grand-daughter of John Welty 
of Emmitsburg, a Revolutionary soldier, born 
at Eppigen in 1722 — died at Emmitsburg in 
1817. [Maryland Archives, Vol. 18, pp. 258- 
395.] Through the Eichelbergers, she is de- 
scended from Matthias Smyser, the elder, of 

York. To John N. and Ella M. (Coover) 
Lugan were born children as follows : James 
J., Frederick W., Helen M., Caroline E., Henry 
and Eleanor. 

James J. Logan, son of John N. Logan, 
and junior member of the law firm of Logan 
& Logan, was born in Carroll township Jan. 
24, 1876. After attending the country schools 
of the neighborhood, he received an appoint- 
ment to West Point in 1893, but failed to enter. 
In 1894 he entered the York Collegiate In- 
stitute, and in 1896 Lafayette College, receiv- 
ing the degree of Ph. B. with the class of 1900, 
and the degree of M. S. in 1903. He was ad- 
mitted to practice law at the York County Bar, 
Sept. 9, 1901, and to the Supreme Court of 
■ Pennsylvania in 1904. He is also a member of 
the United States District Court. During the 
Spanish-American War he served as sergeant 
of Company I, 4th Pennsylvania Volunteers, 
and was in Porto Rico. 

continuous practice for forty years before the 
courts of York County and southeastern Penn- 
sylvania, a period unsurpassed but by two 
members of the York County Bar, made the 
late James B. Ziegler a familiar figure. He 
was the grandson of John Ziegler, a native of 
Union county. Pa., and the son of Samuel 
Ziegler, the latter a former well known busi- 
ness man of York. Two brothers of Samuel, 
Jacob and Daniel, were well-known clergymen 
of the Reformed Church. 

The father's life was spent in York, where 
he was engaged in the saddle and harness busi- 
ness. He married Miss Charlotte Danner, 
whose father was identified with the tobacco 
trade of York. The father died Jan. 27, 1867, 
at the age of fifty-one, the mother's death oc- 
curring several years later. The Ziegler fam- 
ily consisted of eleven children ; five of this 
family are deceased, those living being: 
Sarah, who is the wife of Adam Wis- 
man, of Marietta, Lancaster county; Laura, 
wife of William Llewellyn, of the same place 
and county; Emma, wife of James E. Mun- 
dorf, postmaster of Mt. Holly, Cumberland 
County, Pennsylvania ; Catherine, wife of Ja- 
cob Krug of Hanover, York County; Daniel, 
also of York County, who lives in Hanover; 
and Edward, who is traveling. 



James Buchanan Ziegler was born in York 
Dec. 2, 1838, in tlie old home that stood on 
the site of the present opera house on South 
Beaver street. His education was received at 
the York County Academy and at the Frank- 
hn and Marshall College at Lancaster, Penn- 
sylvania. Later he became a law student in the 
office of J. W. Bittenger, now President Judge 
of the Courts of York County. Mr. Ziegler 
was admitted to the Bar Aug. 24, 1864, and 
later to the Supreme and Superior Courts. 
From that time until his death he sustained 
a splendid reputation, not only as a successful 
practitioner, but as a broad minded, public- 
spirited citizen, seeking to encourage the phe- 
nomenal progress of the race as it works out 
the problem of civilization. 

Mr. Ziegler's marriage to Miss Catharine 
Getz, occurred Oct. 4, 1864. She was a daugh- 
ter of George Getz, of Lancaster county, now 
deceased. He was well known throughout the 
county by that peculiar»phrase which expresses 
so much, "a genius." and was related to Charles 
Getz, a noted scenic painter of Baltimore. To 
Mr. and Mrs. Ziegler three children were 
born: Arthur G., of York, is the Supervis- 
ing Principal of the King Street School ; Her- 
bert S., a printer, and George P., a florist, re- 
side in York. 

The citizenship of Mr. Ziegler was marked 
by many acts evidencing loyalty to duty 
and his sincere desire to ameliorate the ills of 
mankind. As a member of the common coun- 
cil for some three years, he was always alert 
to the interests of his constituents of the Thir- 
teenth ward, and he aided in carrying out sev- 
eral important reforms in the city government. 
As a member of the fraternal organization 
known as the Heptasophs, he evinced his 
interest in his fellowman socially; and as a 
worker in the Trinity Reformed Church and 
for long years an efficient and faithful Sun- 
day-school teacher, his ^influence among the 
young people was a benison to the community. 
He passed away in 1906. 

EDWARD A. RICE, cashier of the West- 
ern National Bank, is a native son of York 
county, and comes of a family well known in 
the county for generations. 

William Rice, grandfather of Edward A. 
Rice, was born in Codorus township, where 
he lived and died. 

William H. Rice, father of Edward A., is 
court crier for the courts of York county. He 
married Sarah, daughter of Peter Julms, a 
farmer of Dover township. The great-grand- 
father of Sarah Qulius) Rice came to York 
county from Germany, and the land which he 
bought, and on which he made his home, is 
now the property of his great-grandson, 
George D. Julius. 

William H. and Sarah (Julius) Rice be- 
came the parents of the following children: 
Anna M., wife of Jacob Joseph, a farmer of 
West Manchester tow:nship; Charles P., D. D. 
S., a dentist of York; and Edward A. 

On June 14, 1863, Edward A. Rice was 
born in Dover township, and he attended the 
public schools of York county, and the State 
Normal School at Millersville. He was for 
thirteen years a teacher in the schools in the 
town and county of York, and for six years 
he attended the summer terms of the East Ber- 
lin Academy in Adams county. Mr. Rice be- 
gan his banking career as teller in the Farm- 
ers' National Bank of York, where he was 
employed from 1891 to 1898. He was then 
made cashier of the Western National Bank, 
and he still retains that position. 

In 1903, Mr. Rice married Mary G. Wiest, 
daughter of Peter C. Wiest, a prominent man- 
ufacturer of York. Mr. Wiest is president of 
the York Corrugating Company, manufactur- 
ers of corrugated iron cornices, spouting, etc., 
and his son-in-law, Mr. Rice, is secretary and 
treasurer of the company. 

Fraternally Mr. Rice is connected with the 
Odd Fellows. He is a member of Grace Re- 
formed Church, where he has been an elder for 
a dozen years or more. He is also superintend- 
ent of the Sunday-school, and carries into that 
field of endea\-or the same earnest energy and 
vital interest that characterize his secular af- 
fairs, and which have advanced him in his 
banking business. Mr. Rice has made a suc- 
cess of all his undertakings from the time he 
began teaching school ; his career, already a 
credit to his county and town, opens toward 
even a brighter future. No life is without its 
influence for good or evil, and the community 
is fortunate which possesses citizens of the 
stamp of Edward A. Rice — clean, strong, 
kindly and helpful, an inspiration to the 
vounger generation, reaching out for guid- 
ance to the highest things of life. 



ISAAC RUNK (deceased); who for 
many years was engaged in a mercantile busi- 
ness in what is now East York, Hved retired 
from 1886 until his death, which occurred 
April 5, 1906, at his home in York. He was 
born in York township, York county, Dec. 3, 
1829, son of John Runk. 

The father was born in York county, and 
being left an orphan at an early age was reared 
to manhood by a Mr. Bollinger who resided in 
York county, near Spring Grove. He learned 
the shoemaicing trade, which, however, he did 
not follow long. He engaged in farming un- 
til 1836, in that year purchasing the "Spring 
Garden Hotel," in Spring Garden township, 
which since his death has been converted from 
an old dilapidated building into a fine hotel 
structure, with all modern improvements. This 
he conducted until his death, in 1845. The 
hotel is now owned by the widow of Edward 
Witmer. John Runk was a Democrat, and 
in religion a member of the Reformed Church. 
Mr. Runk married Lydia Sowers, who was 
born in York county, daughter of Caspar 
Sowers, a representative of one of the pioneer 
families of York county. Mrs. Runk died in 
1886 at the age of eighty-three years, and was 
buried at Prospect Hill cemetery. She and 
her husband had children as follows : Isaac, 
our subject; Louisa, who married Heiman 
Adams, both now deceased ; Levi, who died 
young; and Mary Ann, the wife of Edward 
Blosser, the well known contractor and builder 
of York. 

Isaac Runk received his education in the 
■common schools of York and learned the 
cigarmaking trade. In 1854 he engaged in a 
mercantile business at Freystown, now in the 
city of York, or East York, his store being 
located on East Market street near his home, 
and he successfully continued in that line until 
1886. From that time on he held the office 
of treasurer of the Eastern Market of York, 
also being a stockholder in that enterprise. 
Mr. Runk purchased the fine home in which he 
resided, at No. 743 I;ast Market street, from 
John Bender in 1880 and he was one of the 
oldest residents of tl: j East end. He passed 
away April 5, 1906, ifter a decline of about 
two months' duration and was buried in Pros- 
pect Hill cemetery. 

In 1855 Mr. Runk married Eliza Frey, 
daughter of George and Mary (Spangler) 
Frey. She died in 1901, and was buried at 
Prospect Hill cemetery. To Mr. and Mrs. 
Runk were born: -Ada L., who lived with her 
father; Mary A., the wife of William Miller, 
a skilled patternmaker of York; Irene A., the 
wife of Charles Lichtenberger, a tinsmith of 
East Market street, York; and Cora A., the 
wife of A. A. Myers, a druggist of Norris- 

Politically Mr. Runk was a Democrat, and 
he served as township auditor and clerk. He 
was one of the leading members of Emanuel 
Reformed Church, and was a man well liked 
and respected by all with whom he came in 
contact. A resident of this section for many 
years, he could readily recall the tearing down 
and hauling away of the old court house which 
formerly stood in Centre Square, in which 
work iVIr. Runk took part. Mr. Runk had in 
his possession a pair of infant's shoes (turns) 
made by his father in 1830, and worn by the 
subject of this sketch. 

CHARLES P. RICE, D. D. S., a brother 
of Edward A. Rice., was born in Dover 
township. York county, Feb. 19, 1868. He is, 
in education, a product of the public schools of 
his home district, his professional education 
having been secured at the Baltimore College 
of Dental Surgery. Prior to taking this course 
in dentistry. Dr. Rice spent some nine years in 
the shoe business. The date of his graduation 
was 1 89 1, he at once opened offices in York, 
and has since continued in successful practice 
at this point. 

Miss Elizabeth Gallatin became the wife 
of Dr. Rice, May 28, 1896. She is the daugh- 
ter of D. Y. Gallatin, now deceased, who was 
for many years a prominent merchant of Han- 
over, York county. To the marriage of Dr. 
and Mrs. Rice was born a son, named Edward 
Julius Rice. 

Dr. Rice is a prominent member of the 
Masonic fraternity, having membership in the 
Blue Lodge, Chapter and Commandery, and 
also in the Mystic Shrine. He is also a mem- 
I)er of the Junior Order of the LTnited Amer- 
ican Mechanics. He is an active worker in 
ihe Sunday school of Grace Reformed church, 
Ijeing at the present time secretary. Dr. Rice 



is a young man much esteemed m the busi- 
ness and social circles of York, where he and 
his wife move in the most exclusive circles. _ 

THOMAS B. BAIRD, assistant cashier 
of the City Bank of York, represents one of 
the honored pioneer families of York county, 
where he has passed his entire life and has not 
failed to maintain the prestige of the honored 
name which he bears. -i ■ ^r , 

The founder of the Baird family in iork 
county was Samuel Baird. who came hither 
from Marvland and settled in Hopewell town- 
ship where he established a distillery and be- 
came a citizen of prominence and influence, 
continuing his residence here until his death. 
His son, Thomas, father of Thomas B. Baird, 
died in 1878. at the age of sixty-five years. He 
devoted most of his life to contracting, and 
wielded much influence in business and civic 
affairs, while his name stood as a synonym of 
integrity and honor in all the relations of life. 
He married Sarah Hartman, who \yas born and 
reared in York county, where she continued to 
reside during the entire course of her life, her 
death occurring in 1903, when she was seventy- 
six years old. 

Thomas B. Baird was born June 20, 1866, 
on the old homestead farm in Hopewell town- 
ship. After completing the work of the public 
schools he continued his studies in the 
Stewartstown Academy and then entered 
a business college in the city of Balti- 
more, Md., where he completed a course 
of study and was graduated in 1889. 
For the ensuing eight years he was a suc- 
cessful and popular teacher in the public 
schools of his native county, and at the expira- 
tion of this period, in 1897, became bookkeeper 
in the City Bank of York. In 1900 he was ap- 
pointed assistant cashier, a just recognition 
of fidelity and efificient executive service on his 
part. He enjoys marked popularity in the 
business and social circles of his home city, 
and is a member of the Lafayette Club and the 
Country Club. He is a communicant of St. 
John's Protestant Episcopal Church, for the 
past several years has been a member of its 
vestry, and since 1900 has been treasurer of 
the parish, being known as a thorough church- 
man and taking great interest in all branches 
of the parish work. Mrs. Baird likewise is a 

communicant of and zealous worker in thi 
church. Mr. Baird gives his allegiance to th( 
Republican party, and though he is a loyal and 
public-spirited citizen he has never been an 
aspirant for political ofifice of any description. 

On Sept. 12, 1900, was solemnized the 
marriage of Mr. Baird to Miss Isabelle Mc- 
Lean, daughter of James McLean, a promi- 
nent dry-goods merchant of York, and to this 
union have come three children, Elizabeth, 
Helen and Isabelle. 

WILLIAM FROELICH. With a record 
of half a century's connection with the busi- 
ness interests of York, and that in the same 
business, and practically in the same firm, Will- 
iam Froelich, of the firm of William Froelich & 
Son, merchant tailors, becomes at once an in- 
teresting subject for the biographer. In this 
connection will also be mentioned the "Son" 
of the firm, William A. Froelich, one of the 
choice business spirits of the city, and re- 
cently the honored president of the Merchants 
Association of York. William Froelich & 
Son have their place of business in Odd Fel- 
lows Hall, at Nos. 100-107 South George 

Froelich is a German name, this branch 
of the family having been brought to the 
United States by William Froelich, who ar- 
rived here May 15, 1850. He started the 
present business in 1862, in 1868 forming a 
co-partnership with F. A. Stieg^ and they were 
together under the name of Stieg & Froelich 
until 1869 when the co-partnership was dis- 
solved, Mr. Froelich continuing alone until 
1888, when the change to the present name 
was made. 

Mr. Froelich was united in marriage -to 
Miss Pauline Stieg, a daughter of Frederick 
A. Stieg, and their family consisted of eight 
children, two of whom died in early childhood. 
Those living are: William A., partner with 
his father in the business of mercliant tailor; 
Walter -S., a druggist in Philadelphia : Philip 
H., a clerk in his father's store; Minnie S.. the 
wife of Henry P. Palmer, an insurance agent 
of York's social circles, being prominent in the 
the latter a graduate of the York Collegiate 
Institute, and of the State Xormal School at 
Millersville, class of 1905. 

William August Froelich. the son and 


partner, was born in York Dec. 22, 1864. 
With the advantages of the public schools he 
secured a good business education, and then 
entered his father's store as a clerk, continu- 
ing in this relation until 1888, when he was 
made a partner, and the firm name changed to 
that of William Froelich &. Son. The son has 
developed a splendid aptitude for business, and 
has put much life and energy into the firm. 
The combination of his youthful energy and 
the father's long experience has resulted in 
building up a business of large and profitable 

William A. Froelich took unto himself a 
wife, in 1895, in the person of Annie S., 
daughter of Frederick A. Beck, warehouse 
manager for P. A. & S. Small. They have 
had two children, Mary and Virginia. 

William A. Froelich is a popular member 
of York's social circles being prominent in the 
Elks and other fraternal organizations in the 
city. He has interested himself, however, to 
a greater degree in the line of business develop- 
ment of the city. He was one of the organ- 
izers of the Merchants Association in 1897, 
and evinced such an intelligent interest in its 
growth and welfare as to cause his election in 
the spring of 1904, as its president, he being 
the third to hold this honorable position. Dur- 
ing the Sesqui-centennial of the city, one of 
the greatest successes in the line of business 
displays ever given in York, Mr. Froelich had 
the honor of being a member of the executive 
board of the General Committee which planned 
and carried the program to its successful frui- 

Of the father it may be said that while his 
life has not been a spectacular one he has met 
his opportunities fairly and squarely and has 
made the most of them, in that open, honest, 
persistent way that always wins success. No 
man stands higher in business circles today in 
York, and he and his family are held in high, 

able and efficient cashier of the First National 
Bank of York, whose thorough understanding 
of finance has won him enviable standing in the 
banking world, is the eldest son of Jacob G. 
and Abigail (Hathaway) Shindel, and was 

born at Selinsgrove, Snyder Co., Pa., Sept. 29, 

Hon. Jacob G. Shindel was born in 1818, in 
Northumberland county, of German descent. 
He was educated in his native county, and there 
spent the earlier years of his life. Subsequently 
he removed to Selinsgrove, and for a time 
engaged in general merchandising, but later 
pursued the drug business in which he con- 
tinued for many years. He was an old-time 
Democrat, but being a man of unusual popu- 
larity, was elected associate judge on the Dem- 
ocratic ticket in a county strongly Republican. 
He was one of the stalwart men of his county, 
useful in both public and private life. He mar- 
ried Abigail Hathaway, whose father, Reuben 
Hatha-way, was of English descent, and re- 
sided in Snyder county. Three children were 
born to Mr. and Mrs. Shindel : R. Hathaway ; 
James C, a Lutheran, clergyman of Newark, 
Ohio; and Susan M., wife of Simon L. Kamp, 
a resident of Millmont, Delaware Co., Penn- 

R. Hathaway Shindel grew to manhood in 
his native village, receiving his education in the 
public schools and the missionary institute now 
known as the Susquehanna L^niversity. When 
he laid aside his text books, he became a clerk 
in his father's drug store, where he remained 
for six years. Leaving the drug store he was 
appointed station agent at Selinsgrove for the 
Sunbury & Lewiston Railway Company, 
whose, service he left some years later to be- 
come teller in the Snyder County Bank. He 
was subsequently promoted to the position of 
cashier, and served the bank in that capacity un- 
til 1876, when he removed to York and became 
bookkeeper in the First National Baitk, of that 
city, a position he held until 1887. In that 
year the City Bank of York was organized, and 
he was elected to the position of cashier in that 
institution. In further recognition of his abil- 
ity as a banker, Mr. Shindel was June 4, 1900, 
elected cashier of the First National Bank of 
York, of which his father-in-law, the late Ja- 
cob D. Schall, was president. On Feb. 14, 
1905, he was elected a director to fill the va- 
cancy caused by the death of John H. Smill, 
and at the organization of the board was ap- 
pointed vice-president and cashier. During his 
many years of banking, Mr. Shindel has been 
a careful student of banking institutions and 



systems, and has pro\'ed himself a conscientious 
and capable otiicial. He is recognized as a con- 
servative financier, of undoubted integrit}- and 
fine intellect. After coming to York, Mr. 
Shindel interested himself in a number of its 
business enterprises outside of the bank with 
which he is connected, preferring to aid the 
progress of home industry and home enter- 
prise, even when it seemed more advantageous 
to indulge in foreign investments. 

Mr. Shindel is a member of the Masonic 
fraternity in high standing, and also of several 
secret and beneficial organizations, among 
which may be mentioned the Benevolent & 
Protective Order of Elks. In matters of re- 
ligion Mr. Shindel is affiliated with the Episco- 
pal Church, of which organization in York he is 
a vestryman and warden. In politics he is an 
earnest advocate and supporter of Republican 
policies, and under the first charter of York 
was elected a member of the common council, 
and in 1889 was made city treasurer. After 
serving one year in the latter capacity, the law 
then regulating the election of city officials in 
the State of Pennsylvania was declared uncon- 
stitutional, and after the requisite legal change 
was made, he was re-nominated and elected for 
a term of three years under the declared con- 
stitutional requirements. Mr. Shindel is pres- 
ident of the Sixth Ward Republican Club, and 
was made vice president of the Republican 
State League when it met at York, in 1895, and 
again in 1896 when that body convened at Erie, 
Pa. He was elected a delegate to the Repub- 
lican National Convention which met at St. 
Louis, Mo., in June, 1896, was an ardent sup- 
porter of McKinley, the successful candidate 
for President, and in that year a Presidential 
elector for this district. In 1900 he was dele- 
gate to the National Republican convention 
which met in Philadelphia to nominate Mc- 
Kinley and Roosevelt. 

In December, 1872, Mr. Shindel was united 
in marriage with Mary B. Hummel, a daughter 
of L. R. Hummel, of Selinsgrove, Snyder 
county. Mr. Shindel's first wife died in Au- 
g'ust, 1880. In 1882. he married Lizzie M. 
Schall, the estimable daughter of the late Ta- 
crb D. Schall, who was president of the First 
National Bank. 

REV. DAVID S. CURRY, pastor of the 
First Presbyterian Church, of York, Pa., is 

of Scotch-Irish ancestry, that race which our 
historians declare has played such an import- 
ant part in our country's progress. 

The mother of David is Mary Elizabeth 
Stewart Curry. The father is William Curry. 
Both are Presbyterian Church members and 
are descended from Presbyterians. William 
has been for fifty years owner and a successful 
manager of one of the largest farms in the 
vicinity of Belfast, Ireland. From boyhood it 
had been the purpose of William Curry to give 
himself to the Gospel ministry, but being the 
only son of his parents no way was opened up 
whereby he could attain the cherished ideal of 
his life. That purpose Providence effected in 
ways other than he had originally planned, for 
two sons, Samuel and David S., felt called of 
God to enter upon that life-work which had al- 
ways been so near to the heart of their father. 
The former is now a leading Presbyterian 
pastor in Clones, Ireland, where he has labored 
successfully for eight years. The latter is 
pastor in York. 

David Stewart Curry received his educa- 
tion in the schools of his native country, at- 
tending for two years the Model School at 
Coleraine, also the Coleraine Academy for five 
years, and the Queen's College, Galway, for 
three years. 

It was in 1898 that he graduated from the 
Royal Univei''sity of Ireland, in Dublin, with 
the classical degree of A. B. Among the hon- 
ors won by him in connection with the 
Queen's College and the Royal University 
were the following: prizes in the College Ath- 
letics, especially in football and tennis; a first 
class honor in English in the entrance exami- 
nation for the University, being fifth among- 
about two thousand competitors; the money 
prize each year, for three successive years, in 
open competition in three annual examina- 
tions; the Senior Scholarship money prize in 
History and Political Economy; the "Sir 
Thomas Moffett Medal for oratory and com- 
position," 'founded that same year and pre- 
sented to Mr. Curry as its first recipient by the 
president. Sir Thomas, in connection with the 
Queen's College Debating Society. 

But Scotland and America were destined, 
in some respects, to play parts of still greater 
moment in his history. In order to pursue hi.s 
studies for the ministry he crossed to Scotland, 


the historic fountain head of Presbyter ianism, well as the gifts for the current expenses of the 
and there in Edinburgh, the seat cf Scottish church itself. 

lore, "Scotia's Darling Seat," he studied in the It was on March 12, 1900, that a most im- 

New Colleo'e of the Free Church, coming under portant event occurred in the life of the pastor 
the influence of such men as Professor Marcus — ^his marriage to Aliss Catherine Barclay 
Dods, Professor A. B. Davidson, Reverends Eraser, the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Thomas 
Alexander Whvte, Hugh Black, and George Fraser, of Edinburgh, Scotland. In virtue of 
Matheson. ' ^^^i' beautiful and lovable personality, her win- 

Turnino- his attention in his middle year ning manner, and her capacity to form and re- 
toward Princeton, where his brother had tain friendship, she has been from the begin- 
studied a few years previous, he spent his sec- ning a great help and inspiration to her hus- 
ond and his third theological years at its band, not in the Manse alone but also in the 
Seminar}', coming under the influence of men church and its work, both among young and 
such as' Professors Green, Paxton, Purves, old. The people of the church have shown 
Warfield and Davis, graduating in 1900. their devotion to the Rev. ]\Ir. Curry and his 

Immediately after graduation, which oc- gifted wile in many ways and on many oc- 
curred on May 8th. Mr. Curry came to York casions. To them two sons have been born : 
as assistant to the late lamented Rev. Henry George Fraser in 1902; and David \\'illiam 
E. Niles, D. D., in the First Presbyterian in 1905. 

Church, having been elected in February, four Rev. Mr. and Mrs. Curry paid a xisk to 

months before graduation, and having been England, Scotland and Ireland in 1903. On 
ordained (by the Presbytery of New Bruns- Jan. 2, 1905, Mr. Curry renounced for ever his 
Avick) a minister of the gospel before leaving allegiance to King Edward. VII. and became 
Princeton. No sooner had Mr. Curry became a citizen of the United States of America, 
located in York than he entered on his work as Mr. Curry has been an officer several times in 
assistant. Owing, however, to the fact that the ^Ministerial Association, was a Commis- 
Dr. Niles died a few days after 'Sh: Curry's sioner to Pennsylvania Synod in 1904. is a 
arrival, the latter labored as "Acting Pastor" trustee of the Collegiate Institute and Presi- 
for six months. It was on Oct. 18. 1900, at a dent of the York County Sabbath Association, 
congregational meeting, that Mr. Curry was and was a Commissioner to the General Assem- 
called to assume the duties of the full pastorate bly in Des Moines, Iowa, in 1906. 
of the First Church, founded in 1790, by Rev. 

Robert Cathcart, D. D., also of Coleraine, Ire- GEORGE FREDERICK IMOTTER, 

land, rebuilt in its present beautiful style in whose sudden demise is still fresh in the mem- 
1860 under Rev. Dr. Street, a stronghold of ory of his fellow-citizens of York, was torn 
Presbyterianism for over a century, second to Oct. 23, 1838, in York county, at the Motter 
none of all York churches in influence for homestead on the Wrightsville Pike. For the 
good, advanced to its present prominence by last few years of his life he had lived retired, 
the blessing of the Almig-hty on successive but he had been for many years prominent in 
generations of pastors capable and faithful, business circles and in the development of var- 
and cf people loyal, generous, and devoted to ious interests in the city, and he accomplished 
the church and its progress. much that is destined to be of enduring value 

Rich Divine blessing has attended the Rev. to the community. 
Mr. Curry's efforts and these of his people, as Mr. Motter came of a family whose mem- 

seen in the manifest growth in membership, bers have been identified with the history of 
attendance on public worship, interest in this section of Pennsylvania from the early 
church work, and gifts during his pastorate, days of York and Adams counties. The first 
the church membership having increased from of the name to come to this country were Fred- 
450 in 1900. to 620 in IQ05, and the already erick, Henry, George and Louis iSIotter. who 
generous annual gifts for benevolences of over emigrated from Germany. They settled in 
$3000 ha\'ing been increased considerably, as Pennsylvania, near the :\Iaryland Ime, and 



their descendants have since maintained high 
standing among the substantial residents of 
that section. Henry Motter was the grand- 
fatiier of George F. Motter, whose name intro- 
duces tliis sketch. He Hved in Adams count}-, 
and reared a large family, namely : Samuel 
Henry, Joseph (who served in the ^Mexican 
war), Daniel, Jacob, Jesse, Lewis, Frederick, 
Catherine, Martha and iMargaret. 

Col. Daniel Motter. father of George F. 
Motter, was born March 21, 18 14, and mar- 
ried Catherine Klinepeter, who was born April 
6, 1814, daughter of .Frederick and Christina 
Klinepeter. They had a family of nine chil- 
dren, all now deceased but two, namely: 
Martha, who was the wife of William Stah- 
ley: Lewis; George F. ; IMirah J., wife of \A'il- 
liam Smyser; ]Mary C, who is the wife of Ed- 
win I. Kraber, who is in the plumbing business 
in York; Catherine A., widow of George Ross, 
of Homer, N. Y. ; Louisa A., deceased; Daniel 
Joseph, who died young; and Alice ]M. The 
mother of this family died in York at the age 
of seventy-three years. 

When a young man Daniel ]\Iotter learned 
the tanner"s trade, but he did not follow it 
long. He was best suited to affairs that 
brought him into constant contact with his fel- 
lowmen, and so he made a success at auction- 
eering, at which he continued for some time, 
becoming well known in that line. In the late 
forties he moved into the citv of York, and 
there owned and conducted the "Motter 
House," becoming very popular- in that con- 
nection. Indeed, there were few men in York 
in his day who were better known or had more 
friends. The nature of his business gave him 
social opportunities which were entirely con- 
genial to his disposition. He was a man who 
bore the utmost goodwill toward all his fellow 
creatures, and his desire to help others, no less 
than his native energy, made him active in 
many lines outside of his actual personal in- 
terests. He took considerable interest in pub- 
lic afifairs, and was captain of the York 
Washington Artillerists and president of the 
Vigilant Fire Company, both of which organ- 
izations mourned in his death the loss of a 
most able officer, and one whose efforts had 
done much to promote their efficiency and high 
standing. Col. Motter served in many official 
positions, and in everv case discharged his 

duties in the most conscientious and satisfac- 
tory manner. On June 10, 1854, shortlv be- 
fore his death,, at a meeting held in the court- 
house by the friends of the York, Dillsburg, 
Shippensburg & Greencastle railroad, he was 
appointed one of a committee composed of in- 
fluential citizens who were to wait upon the 
people of York county to solicit subscriptions 
for the road. Though he died at the early 
age of forty, Aug. 2, 1854, after a protracted 
illness, he filled a place in the communitv not 
often attained by men whose years covered 
much more than the allotted span. \\'ith all 
of his many interests of a purely personal or 
social nature, and to all of which he attended 
faithfully, he was a man of marked business 
capacity, and by his own efforts he won success 
and attained an independent position, which, 
unfortunately, he was not long permitted to 
enjoy. Naturally robust, and possessing a 
hardy constitution, the long illness which pre- 
ceded his death was very trying, and he con- 
tinued at his work and bore his increasing 
afflictions with a fortitude which was wonder- 
ful. His funeral, which was conducted by Hu- 
mane Lodge, I. O. O. F., the York \\'ashing- 
ton Artillerists and the Vigilant Fire Company, 
was one of the largest ever known in York. 

George F. Motter, son of Col. Daniel JNIot- 
ter, was a worthy successor to his father in the 
business life of York. He was about ten years 
old when his parents moved to this city, his 
father at that time taking charge of the "Mot- 
ter House," and he attended the public schools 
of the city and the York County Academy. He 
commenced work as a clerk in the dry goods 
store of John A. \\'eiser, at the southeast cor- 
ner of Center Scpiare, and followed that occu- 
pation for several years. But merchandising 
did not appeal to him, and he went to learn the 
trade of machinist at the establishment of 
Baugher, Frey & Kurtz, now Eyster. \\'eiser 
& Co. This proved to be the principal work 
of his life, for he made his greatest success as 
a manufacturer of machinery. In time he be- 
came a member of the firm of Frey, ]\Iotter & 
Co., who had a branch of the \A'est End ■Manu- 
factory, this concern doing business for about 
ten years, when it was reorganized as Frey & 
INIotter, manufacturers of boilers and engines. 
The senior member, Enos Frey, died in 1892, 
and the business was then assumed by Mr. 



Hotter and his sons, under the style of George 
F. Hotter & Sons, continuing so until four 
years before Mr. Motter's death, when he sold 
his interest to his sons, thereafter living re- 
tired. Mr. Hotter was always looked upon as 
one of the ablest promoters of up-to-date in- 
dustrial conditions in York, for though not an 
idle theorist or reckless speculator, he was 
progressive to the core, and his energy and 
thorough executive ability made him recog- 
nized as a friend of progress from the time of 
his early manhood. He encouraged and sup- 
ported many enterprises outside of his own 
line, being a far-sighted manager and a shrewd 
financier, and at the time of his death was still 
serving as a director in the York Safe & Lock 
Company, the Farmers Market Company and 
the York County National Bank, and was 
treasurer of the York Clay Company. He was 
one of the originators of the Westinghouse 
Light, Heat & Power Company of York. Out- 
side of these numerous interests he found time 
for the various projects which tend to improve 
a city both morally and materially, making a 
community self-respecting, safe, convenient 
and agreeable as a place of residence. Like 
his father he was particularly interested in the 
Vigilant Fire Company, of which he was a 
member for many years, and at one time en- 
gineer, and although he was not in the active 
service for several years before his death 
he personally attended fires and looked after 
the steamers. For a number of years he was 
one of the trustees of the Prospect Hill Ceme- 
tery Company. 

Fraternally Mr. Hotter united with the 
Artisans and the Freemasons, and his relig- 
ious connection was with Trinity Reformed 
Church, of which he had been a member of the 
Consistory for many years prior to his death. 
He passed away at his home quietly and sud- 
denly, at a quarter to seven in the morning of 
March 15, 1906, while reading his newspaper, 
without any warning that death was so near, 
for he arose that day apparently in his usual 
good health. Though he had lived retired for 
the four years preceding his demise his sudden 
taking away affected many interests, and he 
was widely missed and as widely mourned, 
and there were many expressions of sincere 
regret from his associates in the different re- 

lations of life. In "Pulpit and Pew," for 
April, 1906, appeared the following: 

At a meeting of the Consistory of Trinity Re- 
formed Church, held March 15, 1906, the following 
resolutions were •adopted in memory of Mr. Geo. F. 

With sorrow the Consistory of Trinity Re- 
formed Church has learned of the very sudden 
death of Mr. Geo. F. Motter, and would hereby 
record its high appreciation of the personal worth 
and valuable services of the departed. 

Mr. Motter was all his life a member of Trinity 
Reformed Church and for thirty-seven years a mem- 
ber of the Consistory, serving first as Deacon, and 
later as Elder and Trustee. In all these offices he 
acted for the betterment of his fellowmen and tht: 
welfare of Trinity Reformed Church. 

By courtesy and kindness, as well as by purity 
of life and character, our departed friend has se- 
cured the love, esteem and confidence of his co- 
workers in this church and elsewhere. We express 
our deep sympathy to the family of our deceased 
brother in their great loss and bereavement. 
J. Fr.^nk Gable, 
A. Lee Shulenberger, 

E. H. PoLACK, 


George Frederick Motter, Elder and Trustee of 
Trinity Reformed Church, died suddenly at his 
home in this city March 15. 1906, at nearly si.xty- 
eight years of age. An impressive funeral service 
was conducted by his pastor, assisted by the pastor 
of Grace Reformed Church, on March 17. The very 
large attendance of friends and representative citi- 
zens was a just tribute of respect and honor in 
which he was universally held. At the close of a 
beautiful afternoon his body was laid to rest on 
a sunny slope of Prospect Hill Cemetery in the 
simplicity and faith in which he lived his life. Not 
only is his loss keenly felt by a loving family but 
very deeply do his friends miss his bright and 
cheerful countenance and sympathetic heart, his 
business associates feel the absence of his helpful 
and sound thought and judgment, and his church 
realizes the removal of a trustful and confident 
Christian and a conscientious and faithful Elder. 

Mr. Motter loved his home. To him his family 
was a sacred circle, in which his great heart beat 
with devoted throbs. The relation of flesh and 
blood was to him a hallowed one. Nothing was too 
much to sacrifice for the blessing of the household 
of which he was the loving head and center. He 
had a very wide circle of friendship and was himself 
always a true and faithful friend. There was noth- 
ing half hearted as there was nothing deceptive 
about him. When he gave his friendship it was not 
to be taken back nor at times withheld but grew 
stronger as the years went by. 

Mr. Motter was a successful business man. He 
began at the bottom of the ladder and climbed by 
his Dwn effort and perseverance, rung by rung, until 
he stood among those who represented the manu- 
facturing and financial interests of the city. He 
made a record of which he could be proud, and 
which deservingly placed him in honor and position 


among his business associates. He was a self made 
man and an example of the rich reward of honest 
and faithful toil. He had sound and keen business 
judgment and was sought frequently by others for 
advice and counsel, and was of value in the many 
business concerns in which he was called to the 
directorship. He was devoted to the welfare of 
York and was one of her best citizens. 

Mr. jNIotter loved his Church. His Christian 
faith and his devotion to his church were conspicu- 
ous in his life. Here he lived truly in the modesty 
and simplicity of a childlike faith. He was regular 
in his attendance upon the means of grace. He 
never grew too old to be a scholar in the Sunday- 
school. He took upon himself faithfully all the 
duties and obligations and privileges of church 
membership. He delighted in the service and min- 
istry he could render. He was exceptionally effi- 
cient as an officer of the church in which capacity 
he served for thirty-seven years. M^any things of 
the activity and development of Trinity Reformed 
congregation stand to-day as a memorial of his love 
and devotion and service to her work and welfare. 
The last acts of his life were given in the care and 
oversight of the renovation of God's house. He did 
not live to see the beauty of this earthly temple in 
which he wrought a great part of his life, but we 
believe that he now looks upon the beauty of the 
Heavenly temple. The earthly house of his taber- 
nacle was dissolved but he has a building of God, 
a house not made with hands, eternal in the Heav- 
ens. Death had no fear as it had no pain for him. 
He died as he lived, in the Lord, in the confidence 
and faith and assurance of the greater fulness of 
eternal life. 

Mr. Motter married Sarah J. Barnhart, 
who still resides at the family home at No. 48 
South Beaver street, in York. Eight children 
of this union also survive, all residents of York, 
namely: Mrs. W. H. Ruby, Robert L. Mot- 
ter, H. L. Motter, Frank G. Motter, Mrs. H. 
L. Link, Mrs. John Noss, George F. Motter, 
.Jr., and Charles E. Motter. 

in York, Pa., April 4, 1848, son of Henry and 
Sarah (Smyser) Ebert. 

Adam Ebert was the father of Henry Eb- 
ert, and was born in 1747, being a pioneer in 
Manchester township and whose ancestors emi- 
grated from Holland. He married Miss Eliz- 
abeth Eyster. 

Henry Ebert was born in Manchester town- 
ship, Feb. 9, 1809, and was one of the well-to- 
do farmers of his township, besides being for 
a number of years a director in the York Coun- 
ty Bank, one of the old banking institutions of 
the city of York. He married Sarah Smyser, 
bora in 18 16, daughter of Jacob and Mary 
Smyser. Henry Ebert passed away March 28, 
1884, his wife surviving until 1893.- 

Martin Luther Ebert was reared from 1855 
on the farm in West Manchester, and attended 
the public schools, later on attending York 
County Academy. Alter finishing his studies 
he returned home and assisted his father, at 
which he continued until he formed a partner- 
ship with his brother and embarked in the mer- 
cantile business, which he disposed of several 
years later. He then engaged in the real es- 
tate and insurance business, continuing in this 
line until 1884, when he retired from the in- 
surance business, but kept his real estate in- 

Mr. Ebert has been connected with the 
Western National Bank for a number of years, 
and is a director and large stock holder. He 
is also interested in the Central Market House 
of York, of which he is one of the directors. 
Politically he is a Republican, for one j'ear be- 
ing a member of the city council from the 
Fifth ward, now the Eleventh. Fraternally 
Mr. Eberts is affiliated with the Mt. Zion 
Lodge No. 74, L O. O. F., also with the 
Grand Lodge of the State of Pentnsylvania. 

The responsibilities of Mr. Ebert's posi- 
tions have been great and onerous, but he has 
discharged his duties in a most able manner. 
He also has other business interests in York, 
being an active promoter of a number of pro- 
jects and a director of several companies. Mr. 
Ebert has many warm friends who enjoy his 
business success and his social and political 

CHARLES KURTZ. In connection with 
the department of this compilation touching 
upon the life histories of those who have fig- 
ured conspicuously in industrial, commercial 
and civic affairs in York county, there is defi- 
nite interest attaching to the career of Mr. 
Kurtz, who stands as a representative of one 
of the sterling old families of the county, and 
who is personally one of the prominent busi- 
ness men and influential citizens of York, the 
attractive capital city of the county. His hon- 
ored father long held precedence as one of the 
leading business men and most progressive and 
public-spirited citizens of York, where his 
name ever stood as a synonym of honor and in- 
tegrity in all the relations of life, while he at- 
tained to distinctive success in temporal affairs 
through his own well-directed efforts along 
legitimate lines of enterprise, having estab- 



lished the malting business still conducted un- 
der iiis name over a half century ago, in part- 
nership with J. Hamilton Ness. The business 
is now conducted under the firm name of W. 
H. Kurtz & Son, and in control is the subject 
of this review, who has given his personal 
supervision and control since the death of his 
father. The business dates its inception back 
to the year 1845, ^vhen William H. Kurtz be- 
came associated with J. Hamilton Ness in es- 
tablishing the enterprise, whose scope and im- 
portance were limited at the start, but through 
reliable methods and indefatigable industry 
the progress of the concern was certain, direct 
and rapid, and resulted in the building up of 
the present magnificent malting business, which 
is one of the largest and most important of the 
sort in the southern part of Pennsylvania, 
while its ramifications extend throughout this 
State and the name of the firm stands for ab- 
solute reliability and honorable business meth- 
ods wherever it is known. The original firm 
of Kurtz & Ness continued operations about 
twenty years, and Mr. Kurtz then secured sole 
control of the business, while the present title 
of W. H. Kurtz & Son was adopted in 1885, 
when the subject of this sketch became actively 
identified with the enterprise. His. father con- 
tinued to be active in connection with the sup- 
ervision of the business until the ,time of his 
death, in 1894, and his name merits a high 
place upon the scroll of the loyal, honorable 
and able citizens who have contributed in 
marked measure to the industrial and civic ad- 
vancement and prestige of the city of York, 
where his circle of friends was circumscribed 
onlv bv that of his acquaintances. Since the 
death of his father Charles Kurtz has con- 
tinued to carry along the business on the same 
conservative lines which have ever defined its 
course, and he has fully upheld the distinction 
of the honored name which he bears and the 
reputation of the concern which absorbed so 
much of the thought, energy and pragmatic 
ability of his father. 

Charles Kurtz was born in the city of 
York, June 3, 1857, and secured his early 
educational discipline in the public schools, 
and after completing the curriculum of the 
same he continued his studies in the York 
County Academy, where he rounded out his 
education and properly fitted himself for as- 

suming the business responsibilities which soon 
devolved upon him. He is a progressive busi- 
ness man and a thoroughlj^ public-spirited citi- 
zen, while he enjoys unreserved popularity in 
the city which has been his home throughout 
the course of his life. He is identified wijih a 
number of important local enterprises aside 
from that of which mention has been made, 
being a member of the directorates of the York 
County National Bank, the York Opera House 
Company, the York Gas Company, the York 
County ^Mutual Fire Insurance Company, one 
of the most prosperous and solid institutions 
of the sort in the state, the York \\'ater Com- 
pany, and several turnpike companies. He 
has various other capitalistic interests of im- 
portance and is ever ready to lend his aid and 
co-operation to the support of enterprises or 
measures for the furtherance of the general 
welfare and the material and civic advance- 
ment of his home city, which holds a distinct 
and certain place in his affections and in which 
he takes just pride, as do all loyal citizens of 
the attractive and favored little city. In po- 
litics Mr. Kurtz accords a stanch allegiance 
to the Republican party. 

Mr. Kurtz has been twice married. By his 
first union was born one son, William H., who 
is now a student in the famous old Phillips 
Academy at Exeter, N. H., where he is being 
prepared for Harvard College. By the sec- 
ond imion a daughter, Julia B., blesses the 
home circle. 

D. A practicing physician for over half a cen- 
tury and for thirty-two years in the city of 
York is a record which makes Dr. IMcKinnon a 
well known figure. And still he passes in and 
out among the people, healing their physical ills 
and counseling with them in their various and 
manifold activities, carrying gladness and sun- 
shine wherever he goes. Dr. JNIcKinnon is a 
most popular member of York society, and is 
j.^assing his declining years amid hosts of the 
friends he made in his earlier career. 

Dr. McKinnon is a descendant of the Mc- 
Kinnon Clan of Scotland, the first of the 
name to come to America being Thomas ]\Ic- 
Kinnon. whose coming antedated the Revo- 
lutionarv war. He settled in Harford Coun- 
tv, ^Id.. and here Grandfather ^IcKinnon mar- 



ried into the Whiteford family and later re- 
moved to Lower Chanceford township in 
York county. The Doctor's father, Michael 
Whiteford McKinnon, was then a baby in 
arms. When he grew to manhood he married 
Ann Logue McCall, of the historic family 
whose name is so familiar in the county, and 
which -will be more fully mentioned in another 
part of this work. 

Dr. Matthew J. McKinnon was born in 
Chanceford township and passed his boyhood 
on his father's farm, receiving a good common 
school education in the country schools and at 
private Academies and College at New Ath- 
ens, Ohio. His professional course was taken 
at the University of Mai-yland, from which he 
graduated in 1853. His first practice was in 
Huntingdon Co., Pa., where he continued suc- 
cessfully until the breaking out of the war. He 
at once volunteered for the service, and became 
surgeon of the 53d Regiment. He followed 
the fortunes of this regiment for some sixteen 
months, and then was compelled to resign on 
account of ill-health, brought on by exposure in 
the Peninsular campaign. 

The Doctor resumed the practice of his 
profession at Hagerstown, I\Id., and was en- 
gaged at that point until his coming to Chance- 
ford township in 1870. Three years later he 
came up to York, and since that date has been 
actively engaged to the present time. It is un- 
necessary to add any word of encomium on 
Dr. ]\IcKinnon's professional work in York, 
his extensive practice being evidence sufficient 
to proclaim him one of the city's best phy- 
sicians and surgeons. He has had official con- 
nection with the York City Hospital as sur- 
geon since its organization thirteen years ago, 
and for eight years has been surgeon to the 
York County Almshouse. He has also been 
for thirty-two years surgeon at York for the 
Pennsylvania and Northern Central railroads. 

Dr. ]McKinnon has reared a family of six 
cfiildren in York, his marriage taking place in 
Hagerstown, Md., in 18-7. His wife's maiden 
name was Amelia J. Schemdel, and her chil- 
dren are as follows : Annie, who married WW- 
liam F. Ramsey of York, and died in 1889: 
Carrie, wife of I. Newton Faust, a citizen of 
Huntingdon county; ^Margaret, wife of W'il- 
liam T. Fllis, one of the directors of the Phila- 
delnhia Press: Robert Bruce. City Fng-ineer nf 
York; Walter Scott, engineer, assistant to his 

brother; Dr. John Whiteford McKinnon, a 
dentist at York. The last named was born at 
Hagerstown June 28, 1868, and was educated 
at York Collegiate Institute and the Univer- 
sity of [Maryland, graduating at the latter in 
1S89, taking a course in dentistry. He has 
since conducted an office successfully in York, 
where he is a popular member of society, be- 
ing a member of the Masonic lodge, the Bache- 
lors' Club, and of the Presbyterian. Church. 

Dr. [Nlathew J. McKinnon has always taken 
an active interest in affairs at York, and is al- 
ways found in the forefront of every move- 
ment looking to the betterment of her society. 
He was made a Mason long years ago at Hag- 
erstown ( 1868) and affiliates with the Arti- 
sans. In religious belief he is a Presbyterian, 
having been a member and an elder in that 
church since before the war. His voice has 
always been for advancement, and though well 
up in years he is .yet in the full possession of 
his powers. Both he and his family are among 
York's most popular citizens. 

engineer of York, comes of stanch Scottish 
lineage, as his name indicates, and he is a na- 
tive of the State of Maryland, having been 
born in the city of Hagerstown, Washington 
county, Dec. 3, 1864, son of the now vener- 
able Dr. Matthew J. McKinnon, of York, a 
sketch of whoge honorable and useful career 
immediately precedes. When Robert B. 
]\IcKinnon was about fi\-e years of age his 
parents removed from Maryland to York, and 
in the public schools of the city and under the 
instruction of private tutors he had well- 
ordered educational discipline in his youth. 
He had given special attention to technical 
study along the line of his present profession, 
and wdien twenty years of age found employ- 
ment as a member of the engineering ccirps of 
the Southern Pennsvlvania Railroad Com- 
pany. His next position was of a similar na- 
ture, with the Kansas & Nebraska Railroad, 
and later he was identified with ens'ineering 
work on the line of the Kansas City. Pittsburg 
& Gulf Railroad Company. He was concerned 
with railroading work of this order in the West 
for a period of about tweh-e years, during 
which time he operated in Kansas. Arkansas, 
^lissouri and the Indian Territory. One of 
the most eventful periods in his career, how- 



ever, was that during which he was engaged in 
the himber business in the famous Cherokee 
Nation, Indian Territory, where he remained 
about one year, meeting with excellent success 
■in his operations. In i8g8 Mr. McKinnon re- 
turned to York, Pa., and in the same year was 
elected to his present office, that of city engi- 
neer. He had previously served in that capa- 
city for three months, during the illness of the 
regular incumbent. So faithful and satisfac- 
tory have been his services in this office that 
he has been retained in the same consecutively, 
having been honored with two elections, for 
terms of three years each. His preferment is 
well merited, since he has won precedence by 
reason of his marked ability as a civil engineer, 
while he is held in confidence and esteem as an 
executive and as a citizen. 

Regarding his professional work in the 
West, it may be said that the record of Mr. 
McKinnon's experiences in railroad operations 
in that section would fill a volume, while the 
details could not fail to prove most interesting. 
He was the chief engineer in a continuous sur- 
ve}^ of one hundred and eighty miles, and had 
charge of the surveying of eighty miles of the 
Kansas City, Pittsburg & Gulf railroad, run- 
ning all the wav to the Gulf of Mexico, 
The fact that he lived in tents for a period of 
five 3'ears indicates in a measure the untram- 
meled life which was his, while he also en- 
dured many hardships and encountered dan- 
ger from various sources while operating in 
wild and unsettled sections of the far West. 
That his physical powers did not suffer 
through his experiences is evident to all who 
meet the sturdy and vital city engineer of 

In politics Mr. McKinnon is a stalwart 
Democrat, taking a lively interest in the ques- 
tions and issues of the hour. He and his wife 
are memljers of the First Presbyterian Church 
of York. He is a member of the Masonic fra- 
ternity, in which he has attained the Knights 
Templar degree and belongs to the Shrine, and 
also belongs to the Benevolent and Protec- 
tive Order of Elks, the Bachelors' Club, the 
Country Club and the Artisans, enjoying dis- 
tinctive popularity in both business and social 

On Oct. T4, 1902, Mr. McKinnon was 
united in marriage to Miss Marion Grace 

Downey, daughter of James B. Downey, a 
prominent and influential citizen of Lancaster, 
Pa., and of this union has been born one son, 
James Downey McKinnon. 

one of the leading spirits in the commercial life 
of the city of York, being a large wholesale 
dealer in tobacco and cigars, president of the 
City Bank, and identified with manufacturing 
interests of various kinds. Lieut. Stallman is 
a native of Prussia, born Oct. 20, 1840, and he 
came to York with his parents when a six- 
year-old boy. His father died here the sixth 
year after his arrival, at the age of fifty-two 
years, and the mother in 1861, when fifty-six 
years of age. 

Lieut. Stallman managed to secure a good 
common-school education, and began his busi- 
n.ess career at the early age of fourteen years in 
the hardware store of Rosenmiller & Co., then 
the leading hardware merchants of the city. He 
remained with this firm until the breaking out 
of the Civil war, when he enlisted, and did not 
again engage in business life until after his dis- 
charge, March 12, 1865. He then became con- 
nected as a clerk with P. A. & S. Small, then a 
large firm in York, with whom he remained un- 
til 1874, this marking the date of his entry into 
the wholesale tobacco business in York with 
R. L. Shetter, under the firm name of Stallman 
& Shetter. In 1900 he purchased the interests 
of his partner and in 1902 formed the present 
firm of C. H. Stallman & Son, by the admission 
of his son George L. Lieut. Stallman has ac- 
cjuired other interests during this period, being 
a director in the hosiery manufacturing firm of 
Joseph Black Sons Company, director in the 
York Wall Paper •Company, and president of 
the City Bank of York. He is a member of the 
school board of thirteen years' standing, and 
served as president of the board for two years, 
his service in this regard being marked by high- 
ly increased efficiency in the public schools. 

In social life Lieut. Stallman is a familiar 
and popular figure. He is a leading member of 
the Knights of Malta, and in all the organiza- 
tions incident to his military career — Sedg- 
wick Post, No. 37, of the G. A. R., the Union 
Veteran Legion and the Loyal Legion. Lieut. 
Stallman also takes a lively interest in the af- 
fairs of the ]\Iethodist Episcopal Church, hav- 



ing" been a steward for thirty years, a trustee 
for twenty years, and superintendent of the 
Sunday-school for the past ten years. 

In June, 1867, Lieut. Stahman married 
^liss Elizabeth Bennett, daughter of Thomas 
Bennett, now deceased, and to them have been 
born the following children : Jeanette, at home ; 
Lulu, wife of Charles Beck, cigar manufacturer 
of York; Margie, now the wife of John Storm- 
ieltz, coffee roaster of York ; and George L., 
who is a partner with his father. 

Lieut. Stallman is one of the surviving of- 
ficers of the Civil w'ar whose record in that gal- 
lant struggle to preserve the integrity of "Old 
Glory" is worthy the highest commendation. 
He entered the service as a private soldier in 
April, 1 86 1, and was promoted through the 
sergeantcy to second, and then to first, lieuten- 
ant of his company. His first enlistment was 
for the three months' service in what was called 
the Worth Infantry, this company becoming 
part of the i6th P. V. I. For "three years or 
the war," at the end of this first service, he en- 
listed in Company C, 87th P. V. I. This regi- 
ment went to the front as a part of the Army of 
the Potomac, and spent the first winter in camp 
at stations, doing guard duty, on the North 
Central railroad. Our subject was at this 
time promoted to be sergeant major, and 
commanded Company C as second lieu- 
tenant at the battle of Locust Grove, Nov. 
27, 1863. As the regiment moved on 
to ]\Iine Run he commanded a detail 
of men to assist in building corduroy roads 
for the rapid movement of the troops. On 
Christmas Day, 1862, he received his commis- 
sion as second lieutenant, and participated in 
the engagements around Winchester. After 
the battle of Carter's Woods he accompanied 
the regiment in its retreat to Bedford. Pa. 
Lieut. Stallman was commissioned first lieuten- 
ant of his company Jan. 31, 1864, and for three 
months thereafter was on special duty at Car- 
lisle, Pa., as a recruiting officer. He returned 
to his company at North Anna in May, and on 
June 1st, when the battle of Cold Harbor 
opened, was in command of a detail of men on 
the skirmish line. As his men moved through 
a clearing a Confederate battery opened on 
them. The Lieutenant and his men dropped to 
the ground, and moving on hands and feet 
across the brow of the hill, did some effective 
work as skirmishers during the battle. Our 

subject was now to experience the hospitality 
of the enemy in their famous, or infamous, hos- 
telries, beginning with Libby. Before Peters- 
burg, while doing duty on the skirmish line, he 
was captured, together with others, June 22, 
1864. He was first sent to Libby, thence by 
rail to Lynchburg, Va. From that point they 
were marched across to Danville, arriving in 
time to celebrate the nation's birthday, though 
that had to be in thought only. There they 
were incarcerated in a tobacco warehouse, and 
fed on corn bread and pork. Down to the very 
heart of the Confederacy they next journeyed, 
feeling that fate was indeed against them. 
However, they were soon transferred across 
to Savannah, where they received kind treat- 
ment and plenty to eat. But "Uncle Billy" 
Sherman was abroad in the land, and they were 
moved on up the coast to Charleston. Their 
stay here in the hot and dirty jailyard proved 
the undoing of a number, their death casting a 
gloom over the remainder. At Columbia where 
they were next taken their quarters were good, 
but' the rations were poor. As Sherman ad- 
vanced two thousand officers were sent to 
Raleigh, N. C, and from this place they were 
moved to the point of exchange about eight 
miles from Wilmington, on the Cape Fear 
river. There they saw the old flag for the first 
time since their capture, and a glad sight it was. 
A guard of honor was waiting to receive them. 
On the march to the steamboat landing colored 
troops formed in line on both sides of the way. 
They had erected an arch over the road with 
the words "Welcome Home" in the center. The 
circumstances and the surroundings touched the 
hearts of the sternest men, and brought forth 
such feelings of emotion as were seldom wit- 
nessed. The same day, March i, 1865. Lieut. 
Stallman and some of his comrades took^ the 
boat at Wilmington for Annapolis, ^Md., where 
they arrived on Uie 5th, without shoes, and with 
very little clothing. He was mustered out of 
service bv special order of the Secretary of 
War, March 12, 1865, and thus ended an ex- 
perience which comes to but few men, and 
which he himself cares not to repeat. 

A faithful soldier, a loyal and patriotic cit- 
izen, a successful business man and a tried and 
true friend in all circumstances. Lieut. Stall- 
man combines qualities which ha\-e endeared 
him to all his townsmen and a host of friends 
throughout the State and nation. 



REV. R. R. RODES belongs to a branch 
of the Rodes family which is of German an- 
cestry and is descended from a progenitor who 
left nis native land for the New World in 
1730. Landing at Philadelphia, he became one 
of the early settlers of York county," Man- 
chester township. 

(II) John Rodes (or Roth), the next in 
line, was born in 1756, and died in 1835. He 
bought a large tract of land lying between 
W'hat IS now Manchester township and the 
Susquehanna river, and moved thither with 
his parents who died there and were buried 
on the farm. In 1813 John Rodes built on his 
place the large gristmill now operated by 
Kochenour Brothers, situated a half-mile north 
of Mount Wolf. Besides engaging in farming 
he served as a minister of the Mennonite 
Church, and w-as the founder of the old church 
of that persuasion which is situated three quar- 
ters of a mile north of Manchester. Rev. John 
Rodes had eight sons and two daughters. 

(III) Christian Rodes was born in 1780, 
and died in 1838. After his marriage, in 
1805, to Miss Susanna Bowers, he settled at a 
home lying along the same stream on which 
his father's mill stood. Five years later he 
built a stone structure, the upper story of which 
was used for his residence while he distilled 
whiskey in the basement. In 1820 he built a 
fulling-mill, and operated it for thirteen years, 
but in the meantime ,store goods had been 
brought into competition and the fulling busi- 
ness was ruined. Christian Rodes was a man 
of considerable reputation as a mechanic and 
builder; the barn on Whistler's Island, east of 
York Haven, which was demolished by the ice 
flood in the spring of 1904, was built by him in 
1805, and stood there for nearly a century. In 
1806 he erected the substantial barn which is 
still standing on the George Lichtenberger farm 
in East Manchester. The family of Christian 
Rodes was composed of five daughters and six 

(IV) Daniel Rodes. born in 1806, died in 
1890. On April 14, 1831, he married Miss 
Susannah Palmer, and they had a family of 
six sons and six daughters, of whom four sons 
and one daughter died in infancy. Another 
son, Joel, died in 1863, in the army hospital 
at Louisville, Ky., and one daughter passed 
away after reaching maturity. Daniel Rodes 

spent his entire life on his father's homestead. 
In 1840 he was one of the strongest Harrison 
Whigs, and not only attended political meetings 
and pole raisings, but also made many speeches 
during the campaign. He was made captain 
of the Manchester militia, and for year after 
year, until he resigned, Capt. Rodes drilled the 
"Broomstick Brigade" regularly on George 
Wogan's Commons, and on each battalion da}' 
led out his gallant men in their uniforms of 
homespun. Among the well-known military 
and political friends whom he made at this 
time may be mentioned Sheriff Daniel Ginter, 
Col. Daniel Stillinger, George and Michael 
Hay, and that honest, level-headed citizen and 
editor and lawyer, Thomas E. Cochran. Daniel 
Rodes became a member of the United Breth- 
ren Church in 1843, ^1"*^ later developed into 
a local preacher of good repute, being not only 
a man of true Christian piety but also very well 
informed for his time. He officiated at many 
funerals, particularly for the poor. During 
the Civil war he served as school director, and 
was the man chosen to go to Harrisburg with 
a sum of money to buy substitutes to fill the 
quota for Manchester township. 

(V) Zebulon P. Rodes, at present a resi- 
dent of Mount Wolf, was born, in 1834. In 
1856 he married Miss Sarah Zorger, who died 
in 1892, aged fifty-seven years. Of the five 
sons born to them four are now living, namely : 
John M. and Jesse J., of Mount Wolf, Chris- 
tian, of Starview; and R. R. 

(VI) Rev. R. R. Rodes has filled import- 
ant charges in New Cumberland and Dallas- 
town, and is now pastor of the Allison Me- 
morial United Brethren Church, on West Prin- 
cess street, York. 

now living in leisurely retirement, at York, has 
been connected with the city's banking interests 
for many years. 

Mr. Griffith comes of Welsh ancestry. He 
was born Aug. 19, 1836, on West Market 
street, York, and is the only survivor of three 
children born to his parents, William and Sarah 
(Gotwalt) Griffith. The father w-as born in 
1803, near Dillsburg, York county, and he 
came to York when a boy. Here he learned the 
shoemaking trade, one which he followed until 
his death. His business was a large one for 



his day, he having many workmen, as, in his 
time, all work was done by hand, and he 
amassed what was then considered a comfort- 
able fortune. He was noted for his quiet, dig- 
mtied manner, and he was held in just esteem 
as an upright and honorable man. For many 
years he was a trustee "of the First M. ' K. 

William Hamilton Grilifith first attended 
the York schools, pursuing classical studies in 
the York Academy, and ni 1854 he entered 
Dickinson College. There he was graduated 
-m 1858, with the degree of A. B., and the col- 
lege subsequently conferred the degree of A. 
IVi. After nis graduation he taught school for 
a season, spending several years in this pro- 
fession, at the Cumberland Valley Institute, 
in. Dauphin county, and also in Maryland. In 
i86i, in association with Prof. S..B. Heiges, 
he started a Normal School at York, and was 
connected with this enterprise until 1865. 

On Dec. i, 1866, Mr. Griffith accepted the 
position of bookkeeper in the York National 
Bank at York, and continued his connection 
with this financial institution until Dec. i, 
1896, filling the successive positions of book- 
keeper, teller, discount clerk and cashier, oc- 
cupying the latter position for seven years. In 
1896 he retired from business activity. In 
various ways he has been a prominent citizen 
here, always interested in public movements 
and. fully acquiescing in plans for the public 
welfare. He served as a member of the school 
board for the Third ward, and for a number of 
years was a member of the town council. For 
some time he was president of one building and 
loan association, and treasurer of another. 

In 1865 Mr. Griffith was married to Annie 
M. Lehman, who died in January, 1889, leav- 
ing three children: Louisa M., a resident of 
New York City; John H., connected with the 
street railway company of York; and Isabel 
B., wife of Harold Stieg, of Washington, D. 
C. In September, 1898, Mr. Griffith married 
Rose C. O'Neill, formerly of Baltimore, ]\Id. 
The comfortable family home is at No. 5 West 
Philadelphia street. 

merchant in York, was born in that count}-, 
Dover township, March 2^, 1845, s^" "*' Jacob 

Jacob Brillhart was born in Seven Valley, 
Aug. 17, 1822, and was left fatherless when 
only seven years old. He was at once taken 
from school and bound out to Henry Leib, 
owner of the Codorus mill, learning the mil- 
ler's trade under him. When he was eighteen 
the youth went to farming and made his own 
way sufficiently to marry four years later, and 
rent a large farm of 200 acres, to be his home. 
There he remained twenty years before buying 
a farm of his own. At the end of that time he 
invested in 100 acres. For ten years he tilled 
this, then sold it, and bought a smaller tract 
where the rest of his life was passed. He was 
married in 1844, to Miss Sarah Ann Homer, 
daughter of Jacob and Catherine ( Brenner j 
Homer, who was born in West Manchester 
township, July 11, 1824, and died Feb. i, 
1904. She became the mother of the follow- 
ing children : Martin V., was born March 
23, 1845. Emma, born in December, 1847, 
married Andrew Gross, of Dover township, 
died Jan. 27, 1905, and is buried at Salem's 
Church. Catherine, born in March, 1849, who 
married William Spangler, of Dover, lives near 
Hazleton. Albert, born in October, 185 1, 
married Miss Lydia Licht}', and lives in \\'est 
York. Jane, born Dec. 25, 1853, married 
Samuel Yeager, and is residing in York. 
George W., born in 1855, married Miss Ellen 
Polly, and lives near Austin, Texas. Amanda, 
who died young, is buried at Salem's Church. 
Alice, born about i860, is the wife of Howard 
Stambaugh, and lives in York. J. Clayton, 
born in November, 1863, married ]Miss Phoebe 
Christ, and lives in Dover township. 

Jacob Brillhart passed from this world 
April 12. 1889, and is buried in the family lot 
at Salem's Church, near Dover, where his wife 
was afterward interred beside him. Mr. Brill- 
hart's death left only one of his father's family 
surviving. The brothers and sisters were as 
follows: Joseph, deceased about 1866, in 
Illinois; David, who died aged seventy-five, 
and is buried in Washington township: Peter, 
who died young and is buried in York county; 
Daniel, who died about 1874. aged sixty- 
seven years, and is buried at Salem Church, 
near Dover: Jesse, who died in Virginia; 
John, deceased in ^^'est Virginia; Adam, who 
is still living as a retired farmer at Porter, 
Heidelberg township, and who married ^Nliss 



Emma Stambaugh; Elizabeth, who is buried 
in ^lanchester township ; Esther, who is buried 
in York count)-; Catherine, buried in Manches- 
ter township; Lena, who died young in York 
county; and Polly, who is buried in York 

Martin V. Brillhart attended the public 
schools near Dover borough until he was 
seventeen, and worked after school hours on 
his father's farm. In 1862 he went to the Mil- 
lersville State Normal School for a term, and 
with this preparation entered the teaching 
field the next year. From 1863 until 1876 he 
followed that profession, but at the end of that 
time decided upon a radical change and going 
west to Abilene, Kans., embarked there in a 
mercantile enterprise which absorbed his at- 
tention for fourteen years. In 1890 Mr. Brill- 
hart returned to Pennsylvania, settled in York, 
and went into business as the proprietor of a 
gentlemen's clothing and furnishings store. His 
place of business was located on the northwest 
corner of Market and Penn streets, and con- 
tinued there until he retired from active busi- 
ness in 1895. 

]\Ir. Brillhart's marriage occurred during 
the period of his teaching. His wife was a 
Miss Ellen Lauer, daughter of John and Cas- 
sandra (Becker) Lauer, of Dover borough, 
and their union was solemnized Oct. i, 1871. 
The children born to them were ; Nettie B., 
born in York city, Nov. 2, 1872, Avife of W. 
P. Swartz, now residing in York; Mace J., 
born in Dover township, April i, 1876, who 
became the wife of George L. Stallman, a 
wdiolesale cigar and tobacco dealer; William 
^L, bom in Abilene, Aug. 4, 1878, a promi- 
nent electrical contractor in York; and Charles 
E., born in Abilene, July 25, 1882, who was 
graduated from the Naval Academy at An- 
napolis Feb. 2, 1903, and is now an ensign on 
the U. S. S. "Stewart." Mr. and Mrs. Brill- 
hart have many friends in York, -and are held 
in high esteem. 

JOHN W. STEACY, a prominent iron 
man of southeastern Pennsylvania, and a resi- 
dent of York, is a native of Lancaster county, 
having been born in Strasburg June 9, 1833, 
son of John and Elizabeth (Graham) Steacy. 

Mr. Steacy is of Irish ancestry, both his 
father and grandfather having been natives of 

County Derry, Ireland. The grandfather lived 
and died there, but the father, born in 1786, 
came to America when about umeteen years of 
age, and located near Strasburg, Lancaster Co., 
Pa., where he died in 1844. He was a farmer 
and contractor and also engkged in freighting 
between Pittsburg and Philadelphia, having in 
that service a number of teams. For eight or 
ten years he served as a magistrate. Politically 
he was of the old Jackson school of Democracy, 
and took an active part in such matters. He 
married Elizabeth Graham, and they had two 
children, one of whom died. 

John W. Steacy received his education in 
the public schools and at Strasburg Academy, 
but he left his studies at the age of thirteen and 
went to work on the farm, leaving that occupa- 
tion to go into the foundry at Eden, where he 
accjuii'ed a knowledge of the trade. Soon after 
serving his apprenticeship he entered a country 
store at New Providence, Lancaster county, 
where he continued for some time, and then 
went to Columbia. For five years he clerked in 
a dry goods store, and then embarked in mer- 
cantile pursuits for himself, in the towns of 
Columbia and Marietta. After twelve years 
spent in merchandising he engaged in the oil 
business, as part owner in the Columbia Oil 
Works, and as buyer and seller for the firm, 
which was known as Trescott & Co. They 
went out of the oil business in 1876, and Mr. 
Steacy then for a time conducted the flouring- 
mill near Columbia, under the firm name of 
Steacy & Co. In 1878 Trescott & Co. pur- 
chased the York Rolling Mill at York, and the 
business was conducted as a partnership con- 
cern under the name of Schall, Steacy & Denny 
with Mr. Steacy in the position of manager. 
In 1886 a joint stock company under the name 
of Steacy & Denny was organized and the 
plant, which at that time was employing 250 
hands, was worked. In 1886 the firm bought 
the Columbia Rolling Mill, and Mr. Steacy be- 
came treasurer and manager of that interest. 
Two years previously the firm had purchased 
the Aurora Furnace at Wrightsville, and added 
the Vesta Furnace, at Watt's Station, to their 

In 1899 Mr. Steacy was one of the pro 
moters of the consolidation of the Columbia 
Rolling Mill, Vesta Furnace, Aurora Furnace 
and York Rolling Mill into the Susquehanna 



Iron and Steel Company, of which he was a 
director for several years, and then became 
general manager. It was capitalized at $1,500,- 
000. Mr. Steacy withdrew from this concern 
Dec. I, 1903, and de\-oted himself to the build- 
ing of suburban trolley lines around York, he 
being one of the seven gentlemen controlling 
the entire system. In addition to these inter- 
ests Mr. Steacy has been president of the Edi- 
son Electric Light and Power Company for 
several years ; has been a director of the York 
Trust Company since its organization, and was 
a charter member of the York County Traction 
Company, of which he is now a director. He 
is a director and vice-president of the Norway 
Iron & Steel Company ; was a director of the 
Baltimore & Harrisburg (eastern extension) 
railroad, commonly known as the Western 
Maryland, of which it is a division ; ij at the 
head of the firm of Steac}" & Co., in the lime 
business at Wrightsville, an industry that has 
been in successful existence for fifteen years, 
and of which Mr. S. S. Wilton is manager; a 
director in the Broomell, Schmidt & Steacy 
Company; has been a director of the Columbia 
Trust Company since its organization, and is 
closely affiliated with other interests bearing 
upon the material welfare of the community. 
While a resident of Columbia he served as a 
director of the First National Bank. 

Having moved to York upon his assuming 
the management of the rolling mill in 1880, 
Mr. Steacy became very prominently identi- 
fied with the civic, business and charitable in- 
terests of the cit)^ While in Columbia he 
served on the school board, and in the councils 
of that town. Locating in Y^ork,' he was hon- 
ored by the people of his district by being elect- 
ed to councils here. He served in the first 
select branch upon the inauguration of the city 
government, and for several succeeding terms. 
Despite his pronounced Republicanism he was 
elected president of the branch, though at that 
time it was controlled by the Democrats, and 
he filled the position with strict impartiality, 
retiring with a record beyond criticism. He 
has served as director of the Y''ork Hospital and 
of the Children's Home, and as trustee of the 
Y'ork County Historical Society. 

John W. Steacy married Mary Harmley, of 
Columbia, by whom he had two sons : Frank 
H., deceased; and Edwin G., a resident of 
Y'ork. Mr. Steacy's first wife died in 1866. 

He married (second) Anna Gyger, of Bryn 
Mawr, Pa., in 1877. 

ANDREW G. HIRT, who passed away 
Aug. 22, 1905, was a resident of Y'ork for 
many years, was well known in business circles, 
and while engaged in contracting and build- 
ing erected some of the best buildings of the 
city. Mr. Hirt was born in Overham, Kretz- 
heim, Germany, April 20, 1820. 

George Hirt, the father of Andrew G. Hirt, 
was a tailor in Germany, where he died in 
1838, his wife surviving until about 1848. 
Their children were: Margaret, who died in 
Germany; Michael, who died in Germanv ; 
Lenhart, who also died in Germany; Andrew 
G. ; Mary, who came to the United States and 
married Lenhart Himmelreich, deceased; 
George, who died in Germany: and Martin. 

At the age of fourteen years Andrew G. 
Hirt left the parochial school and went to 
learn the mason's trade, at which he served 
three years. In 1846 he came to the United 
States, sailing from Bremen to Baltimore on 
the sailing vessel "Sophia", the trip taking two 
months. Mr. Hirt could speak no English, 
but he found employment at the ore banks near 
Baltimore, receiving eighty cents per day, and 
this he continued two years. In 1846 he was 
first married, and he then engaged in a saloon 
business on the ^Vashington road, between 
A^'ashington and Baltimore, near the ore banks. 
In 1850 he removed to Harrisburg and engaged 
in working on the bridge being built across the 
Susquehanna river, but becoming sick the first 
day he was obliged to give up this work. He 
then located in Y'ork and went to work at his 
trade. For six years he worked for others and 
then engaged in the contracting business on his 
own account, erecting the old opera house, the 
Lutheran church on West Market street, and 
also building the Kreutz Creek church, in Hel- 
1am township. While working in York he 
helped to build the Zion Reformed church. Mr. 
Hirt carried on business until about 1900, when 
he retired from active life. 

Mr. Hirt's first wife died in York, and he 
married (second) Mary Pfeffer. who was born 
in 1842 in Nieder Hessen, Germany, and diefl 
April 2, 1897: she was buried in Prospect Hill 
cemetery. Her parents died when she was six 
vears old, and she and her five sisters came to 



the United States. To Mr. and Mrs. Hirt 
children as follows were born: x-\nnie, who 
died at the age of thirty years; Margaret, Mrs. 
Louis Watson, of York ; Andrew George, liv- 
ing in Readnig, Pa.: Otto, of York; Albert, 
who died in infancy ; Franklin,deceased ; Oscar, 
at home; Mayme, Mrs. Jacob Pyle, at home; 
and Walter, also at home. The Hn-t family are 
members of Bethlehem Evangelical Church. 
In -politics yh. Hirt was a Democrat. 

HENRY WEITSEL is now living retired 
in York, after many years of business life. 
His birth occurred Sept. 15, 1826, in Fishing 
Creek Valley, Fairview township, York coun- 
ty, and he is' a son of John Weitsel. 

The grandfather of our subject was a 
prominent farmer of Fairview township, 
Avhere he died, leaving two children, one of 
whom died in Middletown, Dauphin county. 

John Weitsel, father of Henry, was a black- 
smith by trade, having learned that occupa- 
tion at Harrisburg. He followed that all of 
his life in Fishing Creek Valley, and died 
there at the age of forty-seven years, being 
buried at the Salem Church in his native 
township. He was one of the first to be buried 
in that yard. He married Nancy Fisher, 
daughter of John Fisher, and she passed away 
in York, aged eighty-seven years, being buried 
beside her husband. They had these children : 
David; Henry; Mary, who married Henry 
Strickler; Samuel; Harriet, who died young; 
Ellen, wife of William Brubaker, of Ohio; 
Nancy, wife of Eli Fetrow, of Ohio; Rebecca, 
wife of Dr. I. H. Betz, of York City, whose 
sketch appears elsewhere. 

Henry Weitsel spent his schooldays in Fish- 
ing Creek Valley, leaving school at the age of 
sixteen years. When twenty years old he 
came to York and learned the plastering trade, 
at which he worked for ten years, being then 
employed as boss on the 13th Division of the 
Northeril Central Railroad, and remained 
with that company until 1880. Then he 
was employed by P. A. & S. Small as night- 
watchman, and after twelve years of this work, 
in 1892, resigned his position. Since that 
time he has lived retired at his home, which he 
built in 1895 ^-t ^o. 685 East Philadelphia 
street, York. 

Mr. Weitsel married Catherine A. ^vliller, 
daughter of Adam and Elizabeth (Decker) 
Miller, of York. Mrs. Weitsel w^as born Feb. 
12, 1826, and married Mr. Weitsel March 28, 
1850, in York, Rev. Jacob C. Smith, a United 
Brethren minister, performing the cere- 
mony. The following children were born to 
the union : John W., a machinist emploj'ed 
at Brillinger & Small's, who married Mary A. 
Lay ; Mary E., the widow of Daniel Spangler, 
of York, Pa.; Henry C, who died j^oung; Fil- 
bert, employed with the Northern Central 
Railroad, and residing at home ; Annie, 
wife of Walter Blauser, a printer of York, 
Pa. ; George, a painter and grainer, employed 
at Strack Bros., York, and married to Carrie 
Baker; Edmund S., a printer by trade, resid- 
ing at home ; Lillie M. R., wife of D. Wilson 
Kuehn, superintendent of the bill-posters of 
York; Clara A., deceased; and one child that 
died in infancy. 

Politically Mr. Weitsel is a Republican, 
and served three years as councilman. He is 
a member of the United Brethren Church. 
Mrs. Weitsel is well known in York city and 
county. She is a charter member of the Evan- 
gelical Church, for nearly sixty years taking 
a great and active interest in all church work, 
and has been a teacher in the Sunday-school 
for fifty years in both English and German, 
having taught a class of young men in the 
Sunday-school since they wore knee-trousers. 
She is a member of Aid, the Home and the 
C. E. Societies. For forty years she has be- 
longed to the Rebekahs. She is superintendent 
of the Alms House, and has been connected 
with the W. C. T. U. for the last twenty-two 
years. Few women are better known in York 
city, and her great and good work in all lines 
has been felt and appreciated by all. Kind and 
gentle, she is a good Christian woman, and is 
loved and honored by all who know her. 

Fraternally for fiftv years Mr. Weitsel has 
been connected with Humane Lodge, No. 342, 
I. O. O. F., and Mt. Vernon Encampment, 
No. 14, I. O. O. F., of York, and in this order 
he is extremely popular. Like his venerable 
wife he is highly respected by all. Especially 
well is Mr. Weitsel known for his strict hon- 
esty and integrity and for the businesslike 
manner in which anv business is carried out by 
him. He and his wife have reared a family of 



children which would be a credit to any com- 
munity, and they may be truly called a repre- 
sentative couple of the city of York. 

ELI K. WILLI A:\IS died in York Dec. 
3, 1895. He W'-as born in Springlield town- 
ship, York county. Sept. 30, 1838, son of John 
B. and Catherine (Koller) Williams. 

Frederick W'illiams, grandfather of our 
subject, was born in 1765, and died July 30, 
1832. He married Elizabeth Raymond, 
daughter of Henry Raymond, who died in 
1 81 6, aged twenty-three years. 

John B. Williams the father of our sub- 
ject died Jan. 12. 1881, and his wife, Cath- 
erine Koller, April 10, 1887. 

Eli K. Williams grew to manhood on his 
father's farm, being reared to the life of a 
farmer, and educated in the common schools. 
He was married Feb. 28, i860, to Miss Aman- 
da E. Gottwalt. Prior to his marriage he had 
worked for a time in the Farquhar shop in 
York, and after marriage he built a home on 
Chestnut street, and moved to York. He later 
went to work in the car shops, and from there 
to Lafean's candy factory, where he continued 
until his death. Mr. Williams Avas buried at 
Prospect Hill cemetery. He was a member 
of the Zion Lutheran Church. Politically a 
Republican, he took a great degree of interest 
in public affairs. His fraternal connections 
were with the Red Men. To him and his 
wife were born: Harry L., born Dec. 24, 
i860, married Esther Steese, and is a proof 
reader in the Brooklyn Times office: and 
Charles H., born Nov. 30, 1865, married Mary 
Shaffer, and they reside on East King street. 

Mrs. Williams was born April 24, 1839, 
on Beaver street, York, and in her youth at- 
tended the town schools. Mrs. Williams 
joined Christ Lutheran Church in early girl- 
hood, and was a teacher in the Sabbath schools 
for many years. After marriage she attended 
Zion Lutheran Church, but since her hus- 
band's death has returned to Christ Church. 
Her father, George Gottwalt. was horn near 
York, where he attended school. He was a 
hatter by trade, havingf learned that business 
with Peter Ahl. He later carried on brick 
making, and at this he continued until his 
death in 1870, aged sixty-one years. He was 
a member of Christ Lutheran Church. Po- 

litically he was a Republican. iNIrs. Williams' 
mother Mary Ann Huchman, was born m 
York, Nov. 30, 181 1, and died Dec. 25, 1893. 
She was connrmed in Christ Lutheran Churcn. 
She was the youngest chdd of Frederick Huch- 
man, a teacher of the parochial school and or- 
ganist in Christ Evangelical Lutheran Church. 
tie was born ni Hanover Germany, I^eij. 13, 
1766, and confirmed in the church in 1782, 
coming to the United States in 1791. He was 
married Sept. 28, 1794, to Mary jMagdalene 
Gerst, of Winchester, \'a., ana he and his 
wife moved to Hagerstown, Md. When the 
Rev. Dr. Schmucker in 1809, removed from 
Hagerstown to York to become pastor of 
Christ Lutheran Church, he persuaded ^Ir. 
Huchman to accompany him and take charge 
of the parochial school, and to be organist ui 
the church. Mr. Huchman has a memorial 
window in the new Christ Lutheran Church. 

ANDREW MILLER, a retired citizen of 
York, for a number of years carried on agri- 
cultural operations and milling in Windsor 
township, in wdiich township he was born Dec. 
18, 1825, son of Michael Miller. 

Michael Miller, Sr., the grandfather of 
Andrew% was born in W^indsor township and 
was a large landowner and prosperous farmer. 
He married Miss Susan Lantz. who was also 
born in Windsor township, and both died in 
that township, being buried at Freysville Union 
Reformed Church. The children born to ]Mr. 
and Mrs. Michael Miller, Sr., were as follows : 
Frederick, who married Aliss Susana Panics, 
and had a family of twelve children, went to 
Ohio, and spent his life in farming: Catherine, 
who married Mr. Kemmerly, died at Shrews- 
bury, York county; Michael was the father of 
our subject; Mrs. Kehler accompanied her 
husband ^Vest, where they both died leaving 
a family. 

Michael ^filler, son of Michael, Sr., was 
born in Windsor township, wdiere he followed 
farming. He purchased a mill, which he 
operated in the township for many years, and 
he died at the age of eighty-one years and eight 
months. His wife in her majdenhr.od was 
Elizabeth Zeller. They are both interred at 
FreysA'ille Emanuel Reformed Church in 
Windsor township. Their children were : 
Jacob, a retired farmer, married Miss ]Mary P. 
Anstine, and died in Red Lion : ^[arv. the 



wife of Valentine Gable, lived in Windsor 
township ; Susan, who died in Shrewsbury 
township, was the wife of Jacob Striewig; 
Catherine, who died in Lower Windsor town- 
ship, was the wife of Samuel Leberknecht; 
Elizabeth, who died in Shrewsbury township, 
was the wife of Frederick Austine; Charles, a 
retired miller and merchant, living at Dillsburg. 
Pa. .married Catherine Kauffman (he still owns 
the mill which is operated by his son) ; Michael, 
wdio died in York, married Catherine Stine, 
who is living on Prospect street, York, Pa ; 
Andrew is the subject of this sketch; 
David, who died in Windsor township, the first 
of eleven children to die, left a widow, Rebecca 
(Gohn), who is still living; and Misses Sarah 
A. and Rebecca kept house for their father until 
his death, after wdiich they moved to York, 
Pa., and bought the home on College avenue, 
where they now reside, provided with ample 

Andrew Miller spent his school days in 
the common schools of his district and learned 
the milling business with his father. In De- 
cember, 1857, he married Elizabeth M. Lutz, 
daughter of George W. and Maria (Mann) 
Lutz, of Manor township, Lancaster county. 

After his marriage Mr. Miller purchased 
the mill and mill property, and operated there 
until 1893, when he located in York, and has 
since lived retired. He is the owner of three 
farms in Windsor township, and all are up-to- 
date in every respect, consisting in all of 250 
acres. The mill property he sold to 
Michael 'M.. his son, who is still operating- 
it. To Mr. and Mrs. Miller were born these 
children: Andrew L., who married Annie 
Anstine, is postmaster and merchant at Freys- 
ville. York county ; Michael, who married 
Catherine Kauffman, is running the old family 
mill ; Charles E., who married Miss Sallie 
Kauffman, is a well-known and successful 
brick manufacturer and stone quarryman of 
York : George, who married Ida Seitz, is en- 
gaged in the mercantile business at the corner 
of Queen and Princess streets, York; J. W., 
whose sketch will be found elsewhere, married 
Emma Stoner; and Sallie A. is the wife of 
Thomas Wilson, of York. Mrs. Elizabeth M. 
(Lutz) Miller died Dec. 27, 1874, aged forty- 
three years and eleven months, and Mr. Miller 
married (second) on March 7, 1878, Catherine 

Meyers, daughter of Henry Meyers, of 
Shrewsbury township, York county. 

In politics Mr. Miller is a Republican, but 
has never sought public office. He has been 
connected with the Drovers and Mechanics 
National Bank of York, since its organization, 
and had been repeatedly urged to serve as a 
director, but always refused until 1902, when 
he finally accepted the honor and has served 
as such ever since. He is connected with the 
Reformed Church of Freysville, York Co., Pa., 
to which his wife also belongs, and he has 
held the offices of deacon and elder for many 
years. Mr. Miller's years of active labor are 
over, and he is now surrounded by all that 
makes life dear, affectionate friends^ devoted 
descendants, . ample means, and a wide circle 
of estimable fellow citizens who hold him in 
the highest regard. 

MATTHEW H. McCALL, president of 
the Fn-st National Bank of York, is descended 
from the family that gave the historic McCall's 
Ferry its name, and he is the third in direct line 
to bear the name of Matthew. His grand- 
father, Matthew McCall, was an industrious 
and upright citizen, much esteemed in his sec- 

Matthew McCall, father of Matthew H., 
was a noted educator in his day. He was a 
graduate of Washington and Jefferson College. 
Canonsburg, and for one year was a professor 
in that institution, later filling a professorship 
in Blairsville Academy. His death occurred 
m 1848. He married Amanda Manifold (an 
aunt of Sheriff Manifold), of Hopewell town- 
ship, York county, and three children were 
born of this union : Amanda, who died in early 
childhood; Sallie A., wife of James W. \\'ai- 
lace, a farmer and merchant of Hopewell Cen- 
ter, York county ; and Matthew H. 

Matthew H. McCall was born in Blairsville 
Indiana Co., Pa., Sept. 24, 1843. He received" 
his early education in an academy taught by 
Prof. James A. Murphy, and in i86o-6i was 
a student in the Millersville State Normal 
School, in Lancaster county. When he left 
school as a student he entered the teacher's pro- 
fession, and taught in Hopewell, Fawn and 
Lower Chanceford townships. The outbreak 
of the Civil war changed his plans, as it did 
those of many young men. When less than 




nineteen years of age he enlisted Aug. 7, 1862, 
becoming a private in Company I, i3ath P. V. 
I. He participated in the battles of Antietam, 
Fredericksburg" and Chancellorsville, and was 
honorably discharged at the expiration of his 
term of enlistment, nine months. On June 17, 
1863, he re-entered the service, becoming first 
lieutenant of Company B, 1st Battalion, P. V. 
I., and was discharged Oct. 3, 1863. Still filled 
with patriotic ardor, Mr. McCall enlisted a 
third time, Jan. 27, 1864, in the 187th P. V. 
I., and on March i8th following was made 
quartermaster of the regiment, being but twen- 
ty years of age at this time. Although fre- 
quently under fire he escaped without injury, 
and was mustered out with his regiment Aug. 
8, 1865. He had been offered the captaincy 
of his company, but declined, as he preferred 
the quartermastership. 

After the close of the war Mr. McCall en- 
gaged in merchandising at Gatchellville, York 
count)^, remaining continuously in business for 
thirty-nine years, and only giving it up when 
he was made president of the First National 
Bank of York, an honor that came to him Feb. 
14, 1905, after the death of President Schall. 
Mr. McCall had been a director of the bank for 
eighteen years, and had made a careful study 
of finance, so that the mantle of President 
Schall could hardly ha\'e fallen on more capa- 
ble or worthy shoulders. 

On Jan. 27, 1869, Mr. McCall was married 
to Mary Amanda Livingston, daughter of Dr. 
Livingston, a prominent practicing- physician of 
Chanceford township. One child was bom to 
this union, Hugh Livingston, who grew to 
manhood and became his father's valuable as- 
sistant in the mercantile business, but who died 
at the age of twenty-eight, in the prime of 
young manhood, leaving a widow but no chil- 

Fraternally Mr. McCall is a member of 
York Masonic Lodge, No. 266, having joined 
the order in 1874; and for seventeen years he 
was commander of Lieut. Frank Torbet Post, 
No. 506, G. A. R., of Gatchellville, a post he 
took an active part in organizing. He also' 
belongs to the Military Order of the Loyal 
Legion, an order to which but seven men in the 
county belong. Religiously Mr. McCall is a 
Presbyterian, being a member of the Presby- 
terian Church at Chanceford, where for nine 
or ten years he was secretary of the congrega- 

tion. In politics he is a Republican, and has 
been a delegate at various times to the State 
conventions, and has also been a member of the 
Republican State Committee. Unostentatious 
in manner, genial at all times, but possessed of 
a forceful nature that stamps all his acts with 
the mark df quiet determination, Mr. McCall 
shows himself at all times a capable man in 
responsible position. 

DAVID F. STAUFFER. The annals of 
York county give evidence that the Stauffer 
family has long been identified with its his- 
tory, and David F. Stauffer is'one of the 
county's influential and prominent citizens and 
representative business men.. He is concerned 
in industrial enterprises of wide scope and im- 
portance and the owner of most valuable realty, 
and stands high in the regard of the people of 
his native county, where he has risen to suc- 
cess and prestige on the ladder of his own- 
building. In the city of York Mr. Stauffer is 
the owner of a large and profitable industrial 
enterprise, that is concerned in the manufactur- 
ing of crackers and cakes. This business dates- 
from 1858, when it was founded by the late 
Jacob Weiser, who later sold it to Barney 
Sauppy. He continued the undertaking until 
1866, when he was succeeded by Casper Loucks. 
the latter remaining at the helm until Mr. Stauf- 
fer purchased the plant and business, in 1871. 
He has rebuilt and remodeled the plant, and it 
is now one of the best in equipment and in the 
superiority of its products in the State of 
Pennsylvania, while a large business is con- 
trolled throughout the territory normally trib- 
utary to York as a wholesaling and jobbing 
center. Mr. Stauffer is also engaged in the 
manufacture of brick, under the title of the 
York Shale Pressed Brick Company. The 
concern has a well appointed, plant and its out- 
put is of the most substantial and attractive 
order, the brick being of a beautiful cherry red 
and made from dry shale, compressed under 
very high hydraulic pressure. This establish- 
ment also controls a large and profitable busi- 
ness, and in its management has felt the vi- 
talizing- and progressive impetus given by Mr. 
Stauffer, who has shown marked initiative and 
executive ability in every enterprise, private or 
public, with which he has consented to identify 
himself. He is the owner of three large and 



rinely improved farms in York county, his 
landed estate comprising 456 acres. The farms 
are well stocked and are operated largely un- 
der his personal supervision. He is a director 
of the York County Agricultural Society, a 
member of the directorate of the City Bank 
and a valued member of the municipal board 
of public works. He is ever ready to lend his 
influence and co-operation in the promotion 
of all worthy enterprises tending to conserve 
the general welfare and the advancement of 
the best interests of his home city and county, 
and he commands the high regard of those 
with whom he has come in contact in either a 
business or social relation. He ser^^ed ten 
years in the city fire department ; as a member 
of the city council for two terms, representing 
the Fourth ward; and has been for two years 
chairman of the highway department of the 
municipal government. In the position last 
named he has practical supervision of the im- 
portant work of the department, through the 
operations of which employment is afforded to 
a corps of about two hundred men. Mr. Stauf- 
fer and his family are valued members of Trni- 
ity Reformed Church. 

Reverting to the earlier points in the career 
of this worthy and popular citizen, it should 
be noted that Mr. Staufi'er is a native of York 
county, having been born on a farm in Wind- ' 
sor township, where he passed his boyhood 
days and received the rudiments of his educa- 
tion in the district schools, while through per- 
sonal' application and well directed reading, to- 
gether with his discipline as an active man of 
affairs, he has rounded out what may well be 
termed a liberal education. Mr. Stauffer is 
a son of the late Rev. Frederick and Mary 
(Forry) Stauffer, both of whom Avere born 
and reared in York county. The father was 
a man of noble character, for forty years a min- 
ister of the Alennonite Church, in which he at- 
tained distinction and high honors, serAang as 
a bishop of that denomination for eighteen 
years. Both he and his wife died in the year 

Mr. Stauffer remained on the home farm 
until 1867, when he located in York township 
and identified himself with the milling business, 
which received his attention until 1870, when 
he purchased the bakery which he has since 
so successfully conducted. 

On July 30, 1870, was solemnized the mar- 
riage of Mr. Stauffer to Miss Lucinda Wayne, 
who was born and reared in York county, 
daughter of the late Samuel and Susan Wayne. 
To Mr. and Mrs. Stauffer ha\e been born ten 
children, namely : Calvin, Harry, Nettie, 
]\Iazie, Ann, ^^'dliam H., David Preston, Al- 
bert E., Frederick and Elsey. Those deceased 
are Albert, Elsey and Frederick. Nettie Stauf- 
fer is the wife of Curtis ]\Iehring, wholesale 
hardware and groceryman; Mazie, wife of 
Colvin Craft, cashier of the City Bank ; Calvin, 
associated with his father, who married Ab- 
ba ^I. Eaton, of York; Harry, superintend- 
ent of his father's factory, married to Estella 
Dafller, of York; William H., in' his father's 
office; David Preston Stauffer, attending 
Pierce's Business College in Philadelphia. 

J. FRANK S^^IALL, U. D., a prominent 
physician of York, won particular renown as 
the health officer of that city, a position he held 
for more than eight years with distinguished 
ability. He was born July 6, 1865, in York, 
son of David Etter and ]\Iary Ann (Fulton) 
Small, and is a descendant of oneiof the oldest 
and most distinguished families in Pennsyl- 

In boyhood Dr. Small received a thorough 
literary training in the public schools of York 
and the York Collegiate Institute. In 1886 
he entered the jNIedical Department of the Uni- 
versity of Pennsylvania, at Philadelphia, from 
which he was graduated in the class of 1889. 
Immediately after graduation he was engaged 
for two years in the wholesale drug business 
at York, associated with his twin brother, J. 
Hamilton Small, who afterward became a 
physician and teacher in the Medico Chirurgi- 
cal Hospital. Philadelphia. Upon the dissolution 
of this partnership Dr. Small made an exten- 
sive tour of Europe, during which time he 
took a post-graduate course in the London 
hospitals, and was interested in other profes- 
sional observations on the continent and else- 

Returning from his continental trip in 
1893, Dr. Small opened an office in York, 
where he has risen rapidly in his profession, 
enjoying a very, lucrative practice. In 1898 
he became a close student along the line of 
anti-toxin, which he introduced in York. At 



present, and for some time past, lie has been 
studying preventive medicine, making a special 
study ot typhoid fever. He has written several 
important papers along this line, which have 
been published in the medical journals and 
republished in the York and Lancaster papers. 
Dr. Small served the city as president of 
the board of health in 1894, and was elected 
health physician in 1895, being re-elected in 
1896, and serving, as previously stated, over 
eight years. His skill in general medicine and 
surgery is supplemented by a quickness in 
reaching conclusions and promptness of action 
which ha\-e saved the day on more than one oc- 
casion. One instance is particularly note- 
worthy. A case of smallpox being discovered 
late one evening in the servants' quarters of 
one of the leading hotels of York, the top 
floor was immediately quarantined, and by two 
o'clock in the morning every guest in the 
big hotel had been vaccinated. The result was 
that not another person in the hotel took the 
disease and though there were sporadic cases 
through the city the epidemic stage was never 
approached. Thousands of dollars were thus 
saved the municipality, and the citizens gener- 
ally were spared the loss of trade which al- 
ways attends such a calamity, to say nothing 
of the life and happiness of many. Dr. Small's 
heroic action in the emergency, with the board 
of health back of him, certainly deserved the 
warm commendation it received. 

The Doctor is a member of the York Coun- 
ty and Pennsylvania State Medical Societies, 
and has taken an active interest as a member 
in the American ^Medical Association and the 
Pan-American Medical Congress. For one 
term he presided over the York County Medi- 
cal Society, and he has served at various times 
on different important committees in the State 
and national medical organizations. 

Dr. Small has always been a stanch Repub- 
lican, and is a charter member and ex-presi- 
dent, of the Young Republicans of York. He 
has frequently represented the party in cau- 
cus, local and State conventions. For a num- 
ber of years the Doctor has been prominent in 
fraternal circles. He is officially connected 
with the Alpha Mu Pi Omega medical fra- 
ternity of the University of Pennsylvania, In- 
dependent Order of Odd Fellows. Junior Or- 
der of American Mechanics, Patriotic Order 

Sons of America, Artisans Order of ^Mutual 
Protection, and the Royal Arcanum, for which 
latter he is medical examiner. He is also one 
of the- highest degree Masons in the United 
States, having passed through the lodge, chap- 
ter, commandery and consistory. 

and treasurer of the Guardian Trust Company 
of York, is well known in the business, frater- 
nal and social circles of that city. 

Mr. Kilgore comes of a Scotch-Irish fam- 
ily long settled in the north of Ireland, whence 
the American ancestor came to York county, 
Pa., early in the eighteenth century. This pio- 
neer was Matthew Kilgore, who located at 
first in Delaware, but after a brief stay came to 
York county, where he settled. The grand- 
father of James W. Kilgore, John, was a farm- 
er in Lower Chanceford township, and his son, 
Robert N., who was also a farmer, died at 
Brogueville, York county, in 1877, aged sixty- 
six years. Robert N. Kilgore, father of James 
W., married Mary E. Wilson, daughter of 
James Wilson, of Harford county, Md., and 
three children were born to them as follows: 
Maggie M. and Jennie, unmarried ; and James 
Wilson, whose name introduces this sketch. 

James Wilson Kilgore was born Feb. 22, 
1 85 1, at the old homestead near McCall's Ferry 
in Lower Chanceford township. His early edu- 
cation, received in the public schools, was sup- 
plemented by some terms in the Union Acad- 
emy, Pleasant Grove Academy and York 
County Academy. He began his public life as 
a storekeeper in Brogueville, and was a mer- 
chant in that place at three different times, 
aggregating fourteen years. He then came 
to York, where he engaged in the flour and 
grain business from 1S99 to 1903. On June 
I, 1903, he was elected to his present respon- 
sible position as secretary and treasurer of the 
Guardian Trust Company, which began busi- 
ness at that time, with a capital of $250,000. 

On Nov. 23, 1898, Mr. Kilgore married 
Susan C. McConkey, daughter of W^illiam INIc- 
Conkey. a leading banker of W'rightsville, and 
sister of Senator E. K. McConkey. No chil- 
dren have been born to this union. 

Mr. Kilgore is one of the directors of the 
company of which he is secretary and treas- 
urer, and he is also a director in the Drovers' 


& Mechanics" Bank of York, the Mount Rose 
surance Company of York, the Mount Rose 
Cemetery Association, and the Hollywood 
Brick Company, and is vice-president of the 
Boren Gulch Mining Company. Fraternally 
he is identified with the Masonic Order. He 
is a member of the Lafayette Club of York. In 
politics, like his brother-in-law. Senator Mc- 
Conkey, he is a stanch Republican. 

C. H. DEMPWOLF, who is connected 
with a number of industrial and financial con- 
cerns of the city of York, came to this coun- 
try from Germany when a youth. His earliest 
years were spent in his native country, where 
he was born April 2^, 1850. At the age of 
seventeen Mr. Dempwolf accompanied his par- 
ents to America and the family settled in York. 
The young man began at once to support him- 
self and assisted in establishing a new home. 
He was so engaged until 1869, when he went to 
New York, attended- a business college and then 
accepted a position as bookkeeper. For three 
years Mr. Dempwolf remained there, employ- 
ing his spare time in the study of chemistry 
and attending several courses of le»ctures at 
Cooper Institute. He returned to York in 
1874, went into business and formed the firm 
of C. H. Dempwolf & Co. for the manufac- 
ture of fertilizers. Their dealings grew to 
such proportions that in 1895 the York Chem- 
ical Works was incorporated with a capital of 
$100,000, C. H. Dempwolf becoming presi- 
dent. The company manufactures twenty 
brands of high grade fertilizers, the works 
having a capacity of 20,000 tons a year. Demp- 
wolf's fertilizers find a ready market through- 
out Southern Pennsylvania. The York Chemi- 
cal Works is undoubtedly the concern in which 
Mr. Dempwolf takes his most vital interest, for 
it is practically his own creation, but he is 
identified with other important interests 
in York, and holds not a few positions of re- 
sponsibility. He is president of the Hoover 
Wagon Company and the City Building and 
Loan Association ; secretary of the York Silk 
Manufacturing Company ; treasurer of the 
York City Landi Company, as well as of 
the Fertilizer Manufacturers' Association 
of the United States ; treasurer and direc- 
tor of the York County Agricultural Society; 
and director of the Security, Title and Tru .t 

Company, and of the York Hotel Company. 
There are also a number of minor enterprises 
with which he is connected. The business 
capacity has in Mr. Dempwolf been developed 
to an extent that entitles him to be considereil 
one of the powers in York's financial circles. 

On Oct. 9, 1878, Mr. Denjpwolf was united 
in marriage to Miss Emma Jane Smith, daugh- 
ter of Charles H. Smith (deceased), a well- 
known lime manufacturer of York. To this 
union four children were born, as follows: 
C. H., Jr., a chemist; Nellie C, who attended 
Wellesley College, in Massachusetts; Clara 
Agnes and Marion Louise, who are both in 
school. Mr. Dempwolf is a member of Christ 
Lutheran Church, while in the political field 
he affiliates with the Democratic party. He 
also belongs to the Lafayette and Country 
Clubs. The family residence on South George 
street is one of the most attractive and hospi- 
table in the city. 

the efficient general manager and treasurer of 
the York Silk Manufacturing Company, whose 
business has developed to its present propor- 
tions under his skillful care. He is one of the 
younger business men of York, and is a con- 
spicuous example of the success that waits on 
fidelity, intelligent enterprise and good judg- 

The Collins family in America was founded 
by five or six brothers who came to this coun- 
try from Scotland. One of these brothers set- 
tled near Pittsburgh, and became the great- 
grandfather of Matthew Garrett. 

George M. Collins, grandfather of Matthew 
Garrett, was a contracting painter, a business 
which his son, Oliver C, also followed. The 
latter met his death prematurely, by a fall from 
a ladder, in his thirty-eighth year. 

Oliver C. Collins married Elizabeth Rode- 
baugh, daughter of Samuel Rodebaugh, of 
West Newton, Pa. Of the seven children born 
to this marriage, three died in infancy. The 
other members of the familv are ; Samuel R., 
a merchant of Charleroi, Pa. ; George McL., 
also of Charleroi; Oliver C, of Pittsburgh: 
and Matthew Garrett, of this sketch. 

Matthew Garrett Collins was born Feb. 25, 
1874, in McKeesport, Pa., and was educated 
in the public schools. He took up his father's 



business of painting, making a specialty of 
signs. But that work was not to his taste, and 
he gave it up and went to New York City, 
where he found employment as a messenger 
with a firm of bankers and brokers. After a 
year in this position he had so gained the con- 
fidence of his employers that they sent him to 
Pennsylvania, and in 1898 he built a silk mill 
at Fleetwood. The superintendent left soon 
after the mill was put in operation, and Mr. 
Collins took the management into his own 
hands. He soon put up another mill at Car- 
lisle, and in 1899 came to York, that "city of 
industries," where he built two more mills. 
These four mills, at Fleetwood, Carlisle and 
York, are now consolidated under the manage- 
ment of the York Silk Manufacturing Com- 
pany, with Mr. Collins as its general mana- 
ger. The concern makes a specialty of Money- 
bak black silk, which finds a ready market all 
over the United States. The enterprise was 
successful from the start, and paid the stock- 
holders a seven per cent dividend each year 
from the beginning of operations. The capa- 
city is ten thousand yards a day, and in 1904 
the business amounted to two million dollars. 

Mr. Collins married, Dec. 22, 1898, Effie 
L. Craig, daughter of Hugh Craig, superin- 
tendent of the mines of the Pittsburg Coal 
Company, at Charleroi. A daughter, Louise, 
was born in 1900 and died in 1901, aged fifteen 
months. One son, Craig, was also born to this 

Mr. Collins is' a Mason, a member of the 
Blue Lodge, and also a member of the Artis- 
ans. In politics he is a Republican, but has 
never been blindly partisan. He is an active 
member of the Methodist Church of York, of 
which he is a trustee; and in all of his affairs, 
social, business, political and religious, he is 
known and honored for his liberal and broad- 
minded views. The two magnificent silk mills 
in York of which he was the inceptor and 
founder will prove enduring monuments to his 
memory, employing, as they do, hundreds of 
skilled laborers whose comfortable homes are 
made more easily possible through their lu- 
crative wages, sending thousands of dollars 
through the avenues of trade ; and no man in 
the community has done a better work in this 
direction than has Matthew Garrett Collins. 

JOHN HAY WOGAN has been for more 
than twenty years past president of the York 
County Agricultural. Society, and has been 
largely instrumental in making a national 
reputation tor that association. 

An early iVmerican' ancestor of the Wogan 
family was John Wogan, who, on June 18, 
1737, secured from John, Thomas and Will- 
iam Penn a grant of 318 acres of land in 
Lancaster county, Pa. A portion of this es- 
tate remains in the possession of the family 
to-day. By the will of this John Wogan, dated 
Dec. 20, 1747, a tract of 100 acres was be- 
queathed to the Protestant Church of the 
neighborhood "never to be sold, but always to 
be used for church purposes." The Wogan 
family is of Scotch-Irish descent, and the first 
emigrants to this country settled in Maryland, 
but moved to Pennsylvania early in the eigh- 
teenth century. The name was originally 
spelled Hogens, which was modified to Vogen's 
and many generations ago became Wogan, 
as at present. 

George Wogan, father of John Hay, was 
born on the ancestral farm, and died at York 
in 1879, at the age of seventy-nine. He mar- 
ried Margaret Hay, daughter of Col. John 
Hay, a veteran of the war of 181 2 (a sketch 
of whom appears elsewhere), who died at the 
age of eighty. She was the mother of three 
children, of whom Anna H. died at the age of 
fifty-eight, and Rebecca at the age of seven. 
The third child was John Hay Wogan. 

John Hay Wogan was born Dec. 15, 1837, 
in [Manchester township, York county, was sent 
to boarding schools in Cumberland, York and 
Chester counties, and completed his studies in 
the York County Academy. After his mar- 
riage Mr. Wogan occupied himself for thirty 
years with farming. He then retired to 
Mount Wolf, and in 1902 removed to York, 
where he has since made his home. For more 
than twenty years he has been prominently be- 
fore the public as president of the York Coun- 
ty Agricultural Society, and is wideh' known 
in business circles as president of the West 
York Furniture Manufacturing Company. 

In 1859 Mr. Woean married Sarah Wolf, 
daughter of Adam Wolf, a merchant of what 
is now East Manchester, York county, and to 
this union six children have been born, as 



follows: Caleb, general dealer in stocks; An- 
na H., wife of Charles Sayres, a merchant of 
York; George, a farmer, living on the home- 
stead farm; William W., D. D. S., a graduate 
of the University of Baltimore, class of 1887, 
now practicing dentistry in York; C. Edward, 
D. D. S., a graduate of the University of Bal- 
timore, class of 1889, now practicing dentistry 
in Carlisle, Pa. ; and I. Park, superintendent of 
a furniture factory at Mt. Hope, and also of 
the factory of the West York Furniture Com- 

John Hay AVogan is one of the most sub- 
stantial and progressive residents of York, a 
keen business man and public-spirited citizen. 
He is a Republican in politics. While living 
in Manchester township he was for six years 
one of the board of school directors. His 
father was one of the organizers of the York 
County Agricultural Society, of which Mr. 
Wogan has bieen for many years the efficient 

JOHN McCOY is vice-president and man- 
ager of the York Card & Paper Company, of 
which he was one of the principal organizers 
and stockholders. 

Mr. McCoy bears the full patronymic of 
his paternal grandfather, John McCoy, who 
was of Scotch-Irish descent and wdio was a 
successful gardener in the city of Philadelphia, 
where his death occurred. There was born his 
son Robert, father of our subject, and he be- 
came a leading contracting plumber in that 
city, where he died in 1899, at the ag"e of 
sixty-two years. His wife, whose maiden 
name was Elizabeth Wentz, was likewise born 
and reared in Philadelphia, and there she still 
maintains her home. Of the ten children of 
this union it is recorded that Elizabeth, Mar- 
tha, Catherine and Adam died in early child- 
hood, and, besides Mr. McCoy himself, the 
survivors are as follows : Hugh and Robert, 
whp' are employees of the York Card & Paper 
Co. : and Margaret, Mary and Anna, who re- 
main with their mother in Philadelphia. ■ 

John McCoy, son of Robert, was born in 
Philadelphia, Sept. 5, 1856, and in the public 
schools of his native city he secured his edu- 
cation, though he early began to assume the 
practical responsibilities of life, having se- 
cured work in a local wallpaper manufactory 

when but ten years of age. His first position 
of importance was that of foreman in the paper 
factory of the Janeway Company, at Bruns- 
wick, N. J., where he remained five years. At 
the expiration of that period he was similarly 
employed in the works of the A. A. Yerkes 
Paper Company, of Philadelphia. Still in the 
employ of the same company, he came to 
York in 1887, the factory of the concern be- 
ing there established in wdiat is now known as 
the Codorus Paper Mill, while about three 
years after its locating there the business w^as 
sold to the national wallpaper trust. Shortly 
afterward, in 1892, Mr. McCoy associated him- 
self with Judge W. F. Bay Stewart, of York, 
in the organization of the York Card & Pa- 
per Co., of which the Judge became president 
and Mr. McCoy vice-president and general 
manager. The first building utilized by the 
new concern, which valiantly placed itself in 
opposition to the trust, was that now occupied 
by the York Wall Paper Company, while to- 
day the plant occupies a large and substantial 
modern structure, which was specially erected 
for the purpose, under the personal supei-vis- 
ion of Mr. McCoy. In the works employment 
is given to nearly 300 persons at the time of 
this writing, and the products of the vast con- 
cern, particularly in the line of wall paper, are 
sold in all sections of the Union, and an ex- 
port trade of important scope has been estab- 
lished and is constantly expanding. In addi- 
tion to his identification with this magnificent 
enterprise Mr. McCoy has signalized his pro- 
gressive spirit by associating himself with 
other important concerns. He is president of 
the Cecil Paper Company, and a member of 
the directorates of the Norway Steel & Iron 
Company and the' Gypsum Product Company, 
of BuiTalo. N. Y. 'Sir. ]\IcCoy was formerly a 
director of the Security Trust Company of 
York, resigning this office, in 1902, to become 
a candidate for the city treasurership. for 
which he was nominated on the Republican 
ticket. Though York was at that time normal- 
ly Democratic by a large majority he was de- 
feated only by the narrow margin of about 
fifty votes. He is a stockholder in the Safety 
Storage Company, of York, and also in the 
York Knitting Mills. He is a valued member 
of the Royal Fire Company, of York, was 
chairman of the building committee which sup- 



erintended the erection of the present fine en- 
gine house, and is now a trustee and one of the 
vice-presidents of the company. As promoter 
of the York Card & Paper Co., Mr. McCoy may 
be said to have inaugurated the industrial 
boom, which has not only made West York a 
center of industrial activity but given the en- 
tire city an impetus of pronounced order. Few 
citizens in recent years have done more for the 
advancement of the city along industrial lines. 

Mr. McCoy has ever accorded allegiance 
to the Republican party. Fraternally he is af- 
filiated with the Masonic order, being a mem- 
ber of Zeredatha Lodge, No. 451, also with the 
B. P. O. E. while socially he is a member of 
the Lafayette, the Country and the Bachelor 
Clubs, of York. He is held in the highest con- 
fidence and esteem in both business and social 
circles. Both he and his wife hold member- 
ship in the First Presbyterian Church. 

On Feb. 9, 1878, was solemnized the 
marriage of Mr. McCoy to Miss Catherine 
Wallace Smith, of Stirling, Scotland, where 
she was born and reared, daughter of John 
Smith, a prominent shoe manufacturer and an 
influential citizen of Glasgow. Mr. and Mrs. 
McCoy have three children, namely : John S., 
who is treasurer of the York Card & Paper 
Co.; Elizabeth Wallace, the wife of C. H. 
Emig, of Y^ork; and Robert Douglas, who 
is preparing himself to succeed his father as 
manager of the York Card & Paper Company. 

JOHN S. AIcCOY. Ours is an age of pre- 
eminence for the young man in business. One 
of the most important of the industries of the 
city of York is that represented by the York 
Card & Paper Company, of which John S. ]\Ic- 
Coy, although still on the sunny side of thirty, 
is secretary and treasurer. He is a son of John 
McCoy, the able vice-president and manager 
of the company above mentioned, and a mem- 
ber of an old and honored family. 

John Smith IMcCoy was born in New 
Brunswick, N. J., Jan. 30, 1878, and was about 
eight years of age at the time of his parents" 
removal to York, in whose public schools he 
secured his preliminary education completing 
a course in the high school, and thereafter con- 
tinuing his studies in Mercersburg College. 
From the latter institution he was graduated 
as a n.ember of the class of 1897, while in 1901 

he completed the course in the college depart- 
ment of the University of Pennsylvania, re- 
ceiving the degree of B. S, Soon afterward he 
became identified with the executive manage- 
ment of the York Card & Paper Company, his 
father being one of the stockholders of the con- 
cern, and in 1901 he was made secretary and 
treasurer of the company. An idea of the re- 
sponsible and exacting duties devolving upon 
him in this connection may be g-ained when is 
noted the fact that the annual output of wall 
paper is greater than that of any other factory 
in the world, having reached the stupendous 
aggregate of twenty-five millions of rolls a 
year. Farther than this, however, Mr. Mc- 
Coy finds demands on his tiine and attention 
as an executive officer, since he is treasurer of 
the York Safety Storage Company, director 
and secretary of the York Market Company, 
and secretary of the Royal Fire Company and 
general manager of the Cecil Paper Co. His 
capacity for detail work is large; he is a reli- 
able, progressive and energetic young busi- 
ness man and one who has won much prestige 
in a minimum period. He is a master Mason, 
being affiliated with Zeredatha Lodge, No. 451, 
A,"F. & A. M., and the B. P. O.^E., and, in 
a social way, is a popular member of the Bach- 
elor and the Country Clubs, of York. Both he 
and his wife are members of the First Presby- 
terian Church. 

On May 22, 1902, Mr. McCoy was united 
in marriage to Miss Rose Elma Manifold, 
daughter of Sheriff S. M. Manifold, former 
general manager of the York Traction Com- 
pany and the Edison Electric Light Company, 
who resigned those positions to become the 
sberiff^ of the countv, having been elected to 
that office in November, 190a. ^Tr. and Mrs. 
McCoy have one son, Samuel J., who was born 
Aug. 13, 1903. 

promising and active member of the York coun- 
ty Bar, was born at Glen Rock. York county, 
Feb. 17, 1869, son of Dr. Frederick \A". and 
Sarah G. G. (Fife) Vandersloot. The fam- 
ily is of German lineage, the first progenitor in 
Pennsylvania having been the Rev, Frederick 
W. Vandersloot, who was born in Zerbst, a 
town in Anhalt-Dessau, a principality in Up- 
per Saxony, Germany, in T743. He was the 



only sun of Rew Frederick \Villielm Von-der- 
slout, and emigrated to Pennsylvania in 1782, 
his wile and family remaining in Europe. ±lis 
first field of labor lay in Allen township, 
i\' orthampton Co., Pa., and became known later 
as the "Dry Land Charge.'" From 1784 to 
1786 he served as the German Reformed pas- 
tor of the Goshenhappen Church, in Upper Sal- 
lord township, Montgomery county. Jriis first 
wife having died, he married, Jan. 29, 1784, 
JMiss Anna Alargaretta Reid, oldest daughter 
of Jacob Reid, of Hatfield township. Mr. V'an- 
dersloot returned to Northampton county, 
where he died in 1803. 

Rev. Frederick W. Vandersloot (HI) was 
an eloquent and forceful preacher. He was 
born Nov. 11, 1775, in Dessau, Germany. Af- 
ter finishing his education at Heidelberg Uni- 
versity he followed his father to Pennsylvania, 
where he married Catherine D. Pauli, daugh- 
ter of Rev. P. R. Pauli, of Reading. Pa. From 
1812 to 1818 Mr. Vandersloot was the Ger- 
man Reformed pastor at Goshenhappen Church 
and also preached in Philadelphia, Pa., in West 
Virginia, and at other places, finally settling in 
York county, where he died Dec. 14, 1831. Fie 
was buried with his wife at Holz Schwamm 
Church, his last charge. 

Frederick W. Vandersloot (IV) was born 
in Philadelphia, Jan. 8, 1804, and, following in 
the footsteps of his honored ancestors, became 
a minister. He upheld the high reputation 
gained in the pulpit by his predecessors, and 
proved himself worthy of their mantle. His 
labors were confined almost exclusively to 
York county, where he was widely kno\vn and 
greatly esteemed and beloved. His charges in 
York were numerous, among them being Sad- 
ler's Church, Ziegler's, near Seven Vallev, Bli- 
myer's Church, Zion's Church, Springetsbury 
and Stahley's Church, Lower End. At the last 
named charge his ministry extended over a 
period of forty-four years. ' He married Mary 
A. Witman, and died Sept. 11, 1878. Both are 
interred in Prospect Hill cemetery, York, Pa. 

Dr. Frederick \\'. Vandersloot, the fifth of 
that name and the eldest son of his father, was 
the first in five generations to seek a orofes- 
sional career outside of the ministrv of the Ger- 
man Reformed Church. Dr. A^^ndersloot was 
born in Windsor townsliio, "^'ork countv. Tan. 
30, 1834, and lived to be one of the oldest phy- 

sicians in York county, ha\'ing been in active 
practice from 1855, "^ ^vhich year he graduated 
from the University of Maryland, until his 
death, in 1904. He married Sarah G. G. Fife, 
a daughter of Robert Fife, of Shrewsbury. 
Mrs. Vandersloot was born in Shrewsbury, 
Feb. 21, 1838, and was of Irish descent. She 
died Feb. 13, 1898, aged fifty-nine years. They 
reared a family of five children : Frederick W., 
Jr., Anna (who married John F. Kissinger), 
Robert F., John Edward and Lewis. Dr. Van- 
dersloot died Jan. 13, 1904. 

John Edward Vandersloot was educated in 
the public schools. He became a clerk in the 
Pennsylvania Agricultural Works, and later ac- 
cepted a position with the York Dispatch as 
news reporter, continuing thus for several 
years. He acquired a knowledge of stenog- 
raphy and typewriting and, after leaving the 
Dispatch, became stenographer and clerk in the 
chain manufacturing establishment of J. C. 
Schmidt & Co., with whom he remained for a 
period of three years. At the expiration of that 
time he registered with George S. Schmidt as 
a law student, and was admitted to the York 
county Bar in October, 1893. J^Ii"- Vander- 
sloot's clerical experience and his proficiency in 
typewriting and shorthand, as well as his legal 
knowledge, constitute an unusual and practical 
equipment for his legal duties, and have en- 
abled him to rapidly rise in his profession. 

Mr. Vandersloot has for a number of years 
been a member of the Duke Street ^lethodist 
Episcopal Church, in which he holds official po- 
sition, and to whose extension and moral work 
he has given largely of his time, efforts and 
means. He is an earnest Republican in poli- 
tics, and gives liberal support to the principles 
and policies of his party. He was chairman 
of the York County Republican organization 
for several years. In December, 1903, he was 
appointed referee in bankruptcy for York and 
Adams counties, succeeding John B. iMcPher- 
son. who removed to Boston. 

On June 5, 1895, Mr. Vandersloot was 
married to Miss Carolyn S. Helker, daughter 
of D. A. and Emily ( Sayres) Helker, of York. 
They have two children : Charles Edwin and 
Sarah Emily. 

the leading lawyers of York, who holds the of- 
fice of district attornev. was born at Lewis- 


berry, York county, Nov. 9, 1865, son of Henry 
and Anna (Graham) Glessner. 

Henry Glessner and his wife were both 
natives of York county. He was of Swiss de- 
scent, while his wife's ancestors were of Scotch 
Irish origin. Henry Glessner was a painter 
and cabinetmaker by trade, lived a quiet and 
unassuming life at Lewisberry, and died Feb. 
21, 1884, at the age of fifty-four years. Both 
Mr. and Airs. Glessner afirliated with the 
Methodist Church. They became the parents 
of seven children. 

James G. Glessner was reared in his native 
\illage and attended the common schools until 
he was sixteen years of age. He then taught 
school and afterward attended school at Lock 
Haven, Pa., and subsecpently attended the 
Cumberland Valley State Normal School, 
Shippensburg, Pa., from which he was gradu- 
ated in the class of 1885. In the ensuing year 
he commenced the study of law with the firm 
of Kell & Kell, of York, and after teaching a 
term of school in 1887, was admitted to the 
Bar of York county in the following year. Im- 
mediately after his admission to the Bar he 
opened an office with Silas H. Forry, and took 
up his residence in York, where he has since 
made his home. Mr. Glessner's success was 
immediate and emphatic and he at once became 
prominent in both professional and public life. 
He is an ardent and energetic Republican and 
has been actively interested in the policies of 
his party since early manhood. In 1890 he 
was elected secretary of the Republican County 
Committee, and held that position through two 
active campaigns. Upon the death of the 
county chairman, in 1892, Mr. Glessner at once 
announced himself as a candidate for the va- 
cant position, and after a spirited contest was 
elected chairman. In this position he had to 
deal with new faces and factors in State and 
national politics, but acquitted himself with so 
much satisfaction and such undoubted ability 
for leadership that, during the four succeeding" 
years, he was honor.ed by unanimous re-elec- 
tion. During all these years, and especially in 
1896, he fully sustained the well-earned dis- 
tinction of 1892. A vigorous and untiring 
worker, he has shown himself amply able to 
meet the exigencies of political campaigning, 
and has, by ability and sagacity, won a high 
reputation as a successful Republican leader. 

In 1890 Mr. Glessner's party made him its 

candidate for district attorney, but notwith- 
standing his advanced vote he was unable to 
u\ercome the large adverse majority in the 
county. Mr. Glessner was agam nominated 
by the Republican party of \ork county for 
the ofiice of district attorney, in 1904, and was 
triumphantly elected in the memorable cam- 
paign of November of that year, which wrested 
York county from Democratic control ; and no 
voice or influence had more to do with effecting 
that radical change than had the voice and in- 
fluence of James G. Glessner. He is a tren- 
chant and eloquent speaker, , of fine intellectual 
endowments, and with the marked forensic abil- 
ity he has shown has reached an eminent and 
secure position in the legal fraternity of his 

Mr. Glessner is a stockholder, director and 
vice-president of the Drovers' & Mechanics' 
National Bank, and is also interested as a 
stockholder or director in a number of other 
concerns. Fraternally he is a member of the 
Masonic order, the Knights of the Golden 
Eagle and the Benevolent and Protective Order 
of Elks, and is a past exalted ruler of the last 
named order. 

On June 18, 1891, Mr. Glessner was united 
in marriage with Joanna Bowen, daughter of 
Mrs. Mary M. Bowen, of Shippensburg, Pa., 
and two children, a son and a daughter, iiave 
been born to this union, namely: Hazel M. 
and Silas Forry. 

H. C. BRENNEMAN-, the well-known 
and successful la\vyer of the York county Bar, 
is the eldest son of Jacob and Elizabeth (Berk- 
heimer) Brenneman, and was born in ^^'ash- 
ington township, York county, Jan. 14, 1858. 

Mr. Brenneman's parents were of German 
extraction, and belonged to the sturdy class that 
have done much toward the industrial and ma- 
terial progress of Southern Pennsylvania. His 
father, Jacob Brenneman, was bom in 1833, 
and was in early life a manufacturer of woolen 
goods, and afterward turned his attention to 
farming. He died in 1886, his wife surviving 
him until 1893. There were four children born 
to them, one of whom, the only daughter, Mary, 
died in infancy. The survi\-crs are : Henry 
C, Martin L., and Andrew J. 

Henry C. Brenneman left the public schools 
when sixteen years of age, and after attending 
Central Pennsvlvania College at New Berlin, 



Union county, one -term, entered the State Nor- 
mal school at Millersville, from which he was 
graduated in the class of 1880. He then took 
a post-graduate course at Alillersville, and be- 
came principal of the Adamstown public school, 
Lancaster county, which position he acceptably 
filled for one year. At the expiration of that 
time he was elected vice-principal of the York 
High school, in which he taught mathematics 
and history for a period of six years. In 1887 
hte became a candidate for, and was elected to, 
the superintendency of schools in York county, 
and his conduct of educational affairs during 
his first incumbency was such that he was 
unanimously re-elected in 1890. 

Toward the close of his second term as 
county superintendent, Mr. Brenneman con- 
cluded to leave the educational field in which 
he had been so conspicuously successful as 
teacher and superintendent, to take up the pro- 
fession of law. He registered as a law student 
in the office of N. Sargent Ross, Esq., and was 
duly admitted to practice in August, 1895. 
Shortly after his admission, a partnership was 
formed with his former preceptor, Mr. Ross, 
w^hich resulted in the present legal firm of Ross 
& Brenneman, one of the leading law firms of 
York county. A few months after entering 
into, practice Mr. Brenneman was appointed 
county solicitor, a position which he held for 
five years. On Jan. i, 1906, he was again elect- 
ed county solicitor. Politically he is a Demo- 
crat, and has been identified with the active 
work of his party. He is a member of the La- 
fayette Social Club, Royal Fire Co. No. 6, the 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows, the Im- 
proved Order of Heptasophs, Benevolent & 
Protective Order of Elks, Knights of Pythias, 
and is a high degree Masoii. He is a past of- 
ficer of York Lodge No. 266, Free and Ac- 
cepted Masons iHowell Chapter, No. i99,Royal 
Arch Masons; York Commandery No. 21, 
Knights Templar ; Harrisburg Consistory ; and 
Lulu Temple, Ancient Arabic Order of the 
Nobles of the Mystic Shrine of Philadelphia. 
He is past master, past high priest, and past 
eminent commander in the Masonic fraternity. 

On May 21, 1891. Mr. Brenneman was 
united in marriage with Ida Lee Sanks, daugh- 
ter of Rev. James Sanks, deceased. 

AUGUSTUS LOUCKS, for many years 
an active factor in the development of York, 
and for over four ytRvs from Nov. i, 1901, 
postmaster of the city, is one of the few to 
whom were presented by the State of Pennsyl- 
vania "Medals of Honor" in recognition of 
their prompt enlistment as defenders of the flag 
in the dark days when treason and rebellion 
were rampant throughout the land. Mr. 
Loucks was on the roll the second day after 
the call, and on the 19th of April was doing 
guard duty on the Northern Central railroad 
in Maryland. The patriotism, which was his 
moving spring of action then, still burns with 
unabated fervor, as he regards with a pardon- 
able pride the glorious country which he was 
privileged to aid in keeping intact. 

Germany was the ancestral home of the 
Loucks, the original emigrant, Peter Loucks, 
leaving the Palatinate, in the Fatherland, and 
at Rotterdam embarking on board the ship 
"Nancy and Friendship,"' in June, 1738, for 
the great unknown western land. He arrived 
in New York, according to record on Sept. 20, 
1738, later locating in Tulpehocken township, 
Berks Co., Pa., where he became an extensive 
land owner. The maternal great-great-grand- 
father of Mr. Loucks, Philip Frederick Eichel- 
berger, came from Ittlingen, near Sinsheim, 
Grand Duchy of Baden, now in the empire of 
Germany. He set sail on June 22, 1728, in the 
ship "Albany" from Rotterdam, Holland, and 
landed at Philadelphia Sept. 4th of the same 
year, afterward locating in York county. 

Caspar Loucks, the grandfather of Augus- 
tus, came to York county in 1800 and settled 
on a landed estate in Manchester (now West 
Manchester) township, where he passed the re- 
mainder of his life. Here on the old homestead 
was reared Peter Loucks, the father of Augais- 
tus, and to the same place he brought his bride, 
whose maiden name was ]\Iaria Eichelberger, 
and whose father, William Eichelberger, owned 
and lived on the farm nojv known as the York 
county fair grounds. To the marriage of Pe- 
ter Loucks and his wife Alaria five children 
were born, two of whom are now living : Cas- 
par and Augustus, the former a retired farmer 
whose residence is North Newberrv street, 



Augustus Loucks was born on the old 
homestead in West Manchester township, York 
county, April 7, 1840. His education was re- 
ceived in the schools of his home district, and 
he eagerly grasped every opportunity that of- 
fered for the increase of his knowledge. After 
a few years spent in farming on the old home 
place, he left the homestead and engaged in 
business for himself. Locating in York, on 
the corner of Market and Penn streets, he 
started in the business of general merchandis- 
ing, in which he continued for fifteen years. 
Leaving that business in 1879, in 1880 Mr. 
Loucks became the superintendent of the 
"York Chariot Line," as the street conveyances 
at that time were called. He engaged in this 
work about three years, resigning when the 
present street railway system Avas established, 
when he retired from business. In 1888 he 
was elected assessor in the Fifth (now Elev- 
enth) ward and served one term; in 1895 he 
was honored by being chosen commissioner of 
highways for the city of York, resigning in 
the spring of 1896, and afterward being elected 
alderman of the Eleventh ward. His incum- 
bency of this position lasted five years, during 
which period he served his ward most faith- 
fully. In 1901 President Roosevelt appointed 
Mr. Loucks postmaster of the city of York, in 
which office he served Uncle Sam most faith- 
fully, and to the general satisfaction, until Feb- 
ruary, 1906. 

Mr. Loucks was married to Miss Emma L. 
Zeigler, a daughter of the late Rev. Daniel 
Zeigler, of the Reformed Church. To this mar- 
riage six children were born, all of whom, with 
the devoted mother, have passed into the "Bet- 
ter Land." The children were: Daniel Henry, 
Charles A., Eva, Nettie H., Grace and Mary. 
All of them died when very young except Net- 
tie, who entered into rest in 1892. at the most 
interesting age of sixteen years. The mother's 
death occurred some ten years previous to that 
of her little daughter, on Jan. 12, 1882. 

If there is any one thing more than another 
of which Mr. Loucks has reason to be proud 
it is the fact that he voluntarily became one 
of the defenders of his countrv at the opening 
of the Civil war. On April 16, 1861, one day 
after Lincoln's call to arms, he enlisted in Com- 
pany K, 2d Pa. Vol. Infy.. and was notified bv 
Gov. Andrew G. Curtin to report for duty on 

April 17th. So, at the age of twenty-one, he 
found himself placed on guard duty along the 
line of the Northern Central railroad in Mary- 
land. He enlisted for three months and at the 
end of that period received an honorable dis- 
charge at Harrisburg, on July 25, 1861. While 
in the service he contracted a serious illness, and 
as a result for many months was entirely in- 
capacitated; in fact, he has never fully recov- 
ered from his disability^ Mr. Loucks, as has 
been intimated, is the proud possessor of a 
medal of honor given him by the State of Penn- 
sylvania, for having been one of the "First 
Defenders." He is a member of Sedgwick 
Post, No. 37, G. A. R. In politics he is an 
earnest worker in the ranks of the Republican 
party, and in religion, belongs to the Reformed 
Church. Augustus Loucks was not permitted 
to serve the entire four years of the Civil war, 
but showed the true ring of patriotism and did 
his duty well. His life has been that of a loyal 
American citizen, and as such he is greatly es- 
teemed in the city of York. 

other of the strong men of Pennsylvania who 
have risen into prominence through the sheer 
force of their own industry and ambitions. He 
was born Jan. 4, 1841, and comes from one of 
the very old families of this part of the State. 
His great-grandfather was Casper Hildebrand, 
a resident of this part of the State during the 
war of the Revolution, and a man of wealth. 
During the war of 1812 his son Casper was a 
resident of Springfield township, where he 
owned a farm. He had the following children : 
One daughter who married Daniel Walter; 
Frederick ; John ; Daniel and Henry, soldiers 
in the war of 1812; Peter; Casper, and Joseph. 

Daniel Hildebrand, the grandfather of 
Jeremiah Z., was born in Springfield township, 
where he was reared, and lived there until his 
death. He was a prosperous man of his day 
and married Margaret Pflieger. who was born 
in North Codorus township. They had these 
children: William; Joseph, a shoemaker and 
fanner: Manasses, a wheelwright; Daniel, a 
shoemaker; Caroline, who married John Ehr- 
hart ; and Rebecca, who married Jacob Hamm. 

A\'illiam Hildebrand was born in 1816 and 
his death occurred in April. 1882. He was a 
shoemaker bv trade, but most of his life was 



spent in farming, first in Washington township, 
and later in Springfield township, where he 
owned and operated a farm of lOO acres. He 
was a member of the German Reformed Church ' 
of which his parents were also members. He 
married Miss Catherine Zellers, who was born 
in North Codorus township, in 1818, daughter 
of Daniel Zellers, and her death occurred in 
1901. She became the mother of the following 
children: Jeremiah Z., our subject; Catherine, 
who died in childhood; William, who died in 
January, 1881, in Kansas, where he had fol- 
lowed farming; and Ida, who married E. R. 
Krout, of Loganville. 

Jeremiah Z. Hildebrand was born in 1841, 
in Springfield township, from where his par- 
ents moved to Washington township, York 
county, where he remained fourteen years, at 
the end of that time returning to Springfield 
township. He received his education in the 
York county schools, the York County Apa- 
demy, and at Cottage Hill College, and mean- 
time, when in his seventeenth year, began 
teaching school. By teaching, which he fol- 
lowed ten terms, he earned the money which 
carried him through the academy and college. 
In 1869 Mr. Hildebrand embarked in the mer- 
cantile business at Glatfelter Station, and from 
there removed to Wellsville. where he spent two 
years in a general store. He then located in 
Goldsboro, wdiere he was for five years engaged 
in a mercantile line. He then spent five 
months in York, returning to Wellsville for 
two years, after which he returned to Golds- 
boro and purchased property upon which he 
built a residence and storeroom. Here he con- 
ducted a general merchandise establishment un- 
til 1885, in that year retiring from active busi- 
ness to live in York. For three years he lived 
in the Fifth ward, after which he located in the 
Ninth ward, where he has since made his home. 
Mr. Hildebrand owns a fine farm in AVest Man- 
chester township, which he operated for many 
years, the management of which he has lately 
given up. He takes a considerable interest in 
fruit culture. 

Since 1856 Mr. Hildebrand has been in- 
terested in politics. He has been verv active 
in the work of the Democratic partv, and in 
April, 1902. was appointed to fill a vacancy in 
the office of county commissioner, being elect- 
ed the same fall for the term of three vears. He 

has made his presence felt on the board, and 
believes in honest dealing in both public and 
private life, attributing his success to honesty 
in all matters. 

Mr. Hildebrand was married Sept. 17, 
1865, to Miss Lovina Holtzapple, daughter of 
Adam Holtzapple. Mrs. Hildebrand was born 
in West Manchester township, and became the 
mother of two children : ^Martha died in child- 
hood ; Ida Victoria became the wife of Daily 
Buser, a clerk in Wiest's mercantile establish- 
ment, and they had four children, Jeremiah W.. 
Philip (deceased), Richard F., and Norman 
(deceased). Mr. Hildebrand has been active in 
church work in this section, being a charter 
member of Grace Reformed Church of York, 
and serving on the official board for a number 
of years. .He and his wife reside at No. 540 
West Market street, York, and are highly re- 
spected in that city. 

M. D., was born in York Dec. 2-j. 1866, and 
received his early education in the public 
schools. As a youth he obtained employment 
in a drug store, and after two years there en- 
tered the Philadelphia College of Pharmacy, 
where he spent a year in study. He then began 
the study of medicine with Dr. Jacob Hay, and 
entered the medical department of the Univer- 
sity of Maryland, in Baltimore, from which he 
was graduated April 20, 1889. He soon es- 
tablished himself in practice in York, making 
a specialty of diseases of the eye, ear. nose and 
throat. Great success has attended his work, 
and he has established a large practice. On 
April 20, 1898, Dr. Klinedinst married Chris- 
tine Gminder, whose father, Jacob, a manufac- 
turer of military goods, died in 1900. Three 
children have been born to this union, as fol- 
lows : Herman W., Margaret E. and Helen. 

Dr. Klinedinst is not only a skillful and 
popular physician, but an active citizen and 
earnest church member. He is a member and 
treasurer of the York Coimty ]\Iedical Society, 
and a member of the State and the Americin 
Medical Associations. He is an ex-member of 
the board of pension examiners, on which he 
served five years ; and is eye, ear and throat 
surgeon for the York hospital. He has served 
several years as a member of the Ixiard nf 
school control of York. He is a member of St. 



Paul's Lutheran Church, in the work of wwicii 
ne IS actively interested. 

CHARLES A. MAY, attorney-at-law, is a 
native of YorK county, and has been practicing 
law in York for the past two yeirs. He is of 
Scotch-Irish ancestry, a strain to which York 
county owes much 01 its best citizenship nuw 
as in earlier times. 

Charles A. May was born in Hanover, York 
county, Oct. 5, 1878, son of Noah C. and Rosa 
(Gallatin) May. His mother's mother was 
Anna May Spangler, a member of the larg'e and 
influential family whose history is recorded in 
the interesting and voluminous publication, 
"Spangler's Annals." To Noah C. and Rosa 
(Gallatin) May, were born three children, as 
follows : Charles A. ; John Luther, a student 
in the State College; and Edna Blanche, a 
member of the class of 1905, York high school. 

Charles A. May went through the grammar 
and high schools of York, grailuating from the 
latter in the class of 1896, after which he at- 
tended the York County Academy. He began 
the study of law in the oi^ce of Niles & NefT in 
1899, and was admitted to the York county 
Bar, as practicing attorney, Dec. 22, 1902. He 
has since been admitted to the Supreme Court 
practice. Mr. May is prominent in fraternal 
and social circles, being a member of the 
Knights of Pythias, the Royal Arcanum; and 
York Lodge No. 213, B. P. O. E. He also 
belongs to the Riverside Outing Club, the Cal- 
umet Club, and the York County Historical 
Society. He belongs to the Union Lutheran 
Church. In politics, he, like his father, is a 
stanch Republican. His father has for some- 
time been alderman of the Fifth ward of York. 

JOHN EDGAR SMALL, who is a well 
known attorney of York, and active in the so- 
cial and professional life of that city, comes of 
a family that has long been influential in York 
county. His father was John H. Small, who 
died July 11. 1902. president of the Billmeyer 
& Small Company, a firm of car builders of ex- 
tensive reputation. John H. Small was a son 
of Henry Small, a lumber merchant who trad- 
ed as H. Small & Sons. He was a member of 
the First Presbyterian Church, and was pres- 
ident of the board of trustees for many years ; 
was vice-president of the First NationalBank 

for many years ; was a director of the Alexican 
National Railway Company, and of the Key- 
stone i^oal Company tor many years, and was 
identified with many other prominent enter- 
prises. Mr. Small was thrice married, his third 
\vife being Margaret A. McKinnon, a daughter 
of Michael McKinnon, a farmer and tanner of 
Lhanceford township, York county. The only 
child born of Mr. Small's first marriage was 
Henry J., and Maggie H. was born of tiie sec- 
ond union. The former studied with Liszt and 
became a professor in the Leipzig Conserva- 
tory of Music. He married in Germany, where 
he died at the early age of thirty-four, after a 
ten years' residence, leaving a widow and one 
child. Maggie H. Small first married Walter 
Spahr, and her son, H. S. Spahr, is a student 
in the Belmont School in California. She con- 
tracted a second marriage in November, 1904, 
with J. C. Bannister, of California. The chil- 
dren of John H. and Margaret A. (McKin- 
non) Small were as follows: Mabel, wife of 
Walter F. Myers, member of the firm of T. A. 
Myers & Co., of York, and president of the 
York Valley Lime Company; Fred M., treas- 
urer and general manager of the York Candy 
Manufacturing Company; Catherine E. (a 
graduate of York Collegiate Institute) and 
Lucy Logue, both living at home; and John 

John Edgar Small was horn in York Dec. 
3, 1874, and received his early education in 
York Collegiate Institute. He attended the 
Hill school at Pottstown, and then entered the 
law department of Yale University, from which 
he graduated in 1897. He was at once admitted 
to legal practice in both the lower and Supreme 
courts of Connecticut, and in 1808 was admit- 
ted to the Bar of York county, and the Supreme 
court of Pennsvlvania. ]Mr. Small is secretarv 
of the York Valley Lime Company, is a mem- 
ber of the Country Club, and a member and sec- 
retary of the Outdoor Club. In politics he is 
.1 Republican. He is connected with the First 
Presbyterian Church of York, and actively in- 
terested in the Sunday-school, in which he is 
a teacher. 

KELL. The Kell family of York was es- 
tablished in that city in 18^6. by James Kell, 
a native of Youngstown, ^^^estmoreland Co., 
Pa. ]\Ir. Kell was born Dec. 14, 1828, his par- 


ents, Samuel and Alargaret (jNIears) Kell, be- 
ing of Scotch-Irish descent. His mother was a 
native of Frankhn county, Pa., where much of 
his youth was passed. After coming to York 
Mr. Kell taught school for several years, then 
read law with Henry L. Fisher, Esq., and was 
admitted to the Bar Jan. lo, 1862. From that 
time until within a few months before his death 
Jvuie 4, 1899, he was engaged in the successful 
practice of his profession. 

James Kell married, March 19, 1862, Jane 
Elizabeth Fischer, daughter of Dr. John Frey 
Fischer, of York. Mrs. Kell is still living in 
the home at No. 134 North George street, where 
she was born March 19, 1837. She is one of 
the few persons in York, of her age, who have 
lived a w'hole lifetime in the same house, and 
she has seen the neighborhood change from a 
residence district to one given almost entirely 
to business houses. The children of Mr. and 
Mrs. Kell are as follows : John Fischer ; James 
Alexander; Helen M., a teacher in the Chil- 
dren's Home; Mary C, of Washington, D. C. ; 
William S., of Philadelphia; Alfred M., en- 
gaged in the law office of his brother (John 
Fischer) ; Jane F., a teacher in the York pub- 
lic schools ; and Eliza K. 

Mr. Kell had two sisters : Rachel K., wife 
of Hugh W. McCall, Esq., mother of James St. 
Clair McCall, the present mayor of York, and 
Mary E., who taught in the York high school 
from^ the time of its organization" in September, 
1870, until the spring of 1904; for some years 
prior to her retirement. Miss Kell was the in- 
structor in German. 

For forty years prior to 1899 James Kell 
was a prominent figure in the public affairs of 
York. He was for many years the Republican 
leader in the county, and at different times oc- 
cupied various public offices. During the late 
sixties he w-as president of the Union Fire En- 
gine Company on North George street. He was 
at one time school director of the old North 
ward school district ; and was one of the origi- 
nal trustees of the Children's Home (founded 
in 1865) and of the York Collegiate Institute 
(established in 1873), organizations which he 
continued to serve until his death. He was the 
Republican nominee for additional law judge 
in 1875, at the first election held for that of- 
fice, when the successful candidate was Hon. 
Pere L. Wickes. In 1877, ^^ '^^''^^ appointed 

Register of Wills of York county by Gov. 
Hartranft; and he was postmaster at York 
from 1884 to 1888. Fraternally he was con- 
nected with York Lodge, No. 266, Free and 
Accepted Masons, of which he was past mas- 
ter. He and all his family were members of 
the First Presbyterian Church of York. 

John Fischer Kell, eldest son of James 
Kell, was born at the family home in York, Jan. 
30, 1863. He attended the public schools, and 
took supplementary studies at York Collegiate 
Institute, after which he read law with his fath- 
er. He was admitted to the Bar in York coun- 
ty July 14, 1884, and later admitted to prac- 
tice in the Supreme, Superior and United 
States Courts. 

On April 19, 1888, Mr. Kell married Ella 
Louisa Brown, daughter of John M. Brown, of 
the firm of Brown & Smyser, retail coal and 
lumber dealers. The one child of this union 
is John Fischer, Jr., who is at school. Mr. 
Kell is a successful lawyer, and enjoys a large 
and lucrative practice. He is a man of kindly 
and affable disposition, always ready to en- 
courage and assist those less fortunate than 

James Alexander Kell, second son of 
James Kell, w^ born June 22, 1866, and re- 
ceived his early education in the York public 
schools. He was graduated from York Col- 
legiate Institute in 1885, studied law in his 
father's office, and was admitted to the York 
county Bar Nov: 11, 1890. In 1892 he entered 
the employ of the Bradstreet Mercantile 
Agency, with whom he remained nine years. 
He was chiefly engag-ed in the business of this 
company in Philadelphia, but from 1895 to 
1897 was superintendent of the Augusta, Ga., 
office. He is now a resident of Germantown, 
Philadelphia, where he is connected with the 
Title and Trust Department of the German- 
town Trust Company. 

Mr. Kell married June 11, 1903, Anne Em- 
len Garrett, daughter of Isaac P. and Sarah E. 
Garrett, of Lansdowne, Delaware Co., Pa., 
members of the Society of Friends. Mr. Kell 
is a member of Social Lodge No. i. Masons, 
of Augaista, Ga. He belongs to the Pennsylva- 
nia Society of Sons of the Revolution, and is 
a member of the Historical Society of York 
County. , 


ALFRED MEARS KELL, a rising young- 
business man of York, who fills the position 
of manager of the collection department, for 
his brother, John Fischer Kell, mention of 
whom precedes, was born July i8, 1876, in 
York, son of James Kell, Esq. 

After finishing his education Alfred i\L Kell 
spent one year in the office of his father, after 
which he engaged in patternmaking with 
Broomell, Schmidt & Steac)^, with whom he 
remained three and one-half years, at the end 
of which time he became connected \^■ith the 
York Safe Works, resigning his position there 
to go to Harrisburg. Returning to York, Mr. 
Kell entered upon his duties as collector in the 
law offices of his brothers, where in addition 
to his collection work he pursues the study of 
the law. 

Fraternally Mr. Kell is affiliated with Zere- 
datha Lodge, No. 451, F. & A. M. ; with Willis 
Council, No. 508, Royal Arcanum ; and with 
York Lodge, No. 213, B. P. O. Elks.' He is a 
consistent member of the Presbyterian Church. 
In politics he favors the Republican party. 

Mr. Kell married, Oct. 14, 1903, Miss Edna 
Agnue Geesey, daughter of Charles Geesey, a 
prominent member of the Blair county Bar. 
Mr. Kell is well known throughout York and 
is highly regarded for his many estimable traits 
of character. 

JOHN FISCHER. Among the substan- 
tial citizens of "Yorktown" during the Revo- 
lutionary period was John Fischer, who was 
born in Pfeffing, Swabia, Germany, June 4, 
1736, emigrated to America about 1749, and 
removed to York, Pa., about 1756. He resid- 
ed at No. 7 (now Nos. i5-»7) North George 
street where he died Dec. 8, 1808. He was mar- 
ried in Baltimore, Md., July 19, 1766, to Bar- 
bara Lightner (daughter of Adam Lightner 
and Anna Barbara Beard), who was born at 
No. 13 North George street, York, Pa., Dec. 
7, 1749, and died Dec. 24, 1832. The remains 
of John Fischer and his wife are buried in Zion 
Lutheran Churchyard, directly in the rear of 
the York county court house. 

Mr. Fischer was of an inventive turn of 
mind, possessed considerable mechanical abil- 
ity, was a carver in wood and a painter of mer- 
it ; but his business was that of manufacturing 
clocks, and there are still to be found in many 

homes of York specimens of his handicraft, 
familiarly known as "grandfather" clocks. As 
he lived within a few yards of the old court 
house in Center Square, where the Continental 
Congress met in 1777, during the British oc- 
cupancy of Philadelphia, he became acquainted 
with prominent men who \-isited the town at 
that period, among others General Gibson and 
Count Pulaski, who presented him with sub- 
stantial tokens of their regard, which are still 
in the possession of the family. He was a 
strong-minded man, of many attainments. He 
had three children, viz. : George, John and 
Charles F. 

( 1 ) George Fischer married ]\Iary M. 
Frey, of Lancaster, Pa., and had ten children, 
whose descendants are living in different parts 
of the country. 

(2) John Fischer, born May 10, 1771, 
married Catharine Frey, of Lancaster, Pa. He 
was a successful physician, and lived at No. 21 
North George street, where he died Feb. 14, 
1832. His wife was born Feb. 22, 1776, and 
died Aug. 6, 1855. Their children were: Ja- 
cob A. Fischer, a lawyer by profession, ad- 
mitted to the York County Bar, ]\Iarch 28, 
1822, never married. E. Eliza Fischer mar- 
ried George P. Kurtz, and was the mother of 
Miss Catharine Fischer Kurtz and Miss Amelia 
Margaret Kurtz, who still live at the old home- 
stead on North George street. Dr. John Frey 
Fischer, born April 24, 1808, a graduate of 
Jefferson Medical College, was a physician 
of local prominence, a well-read man generally, 
and active in local affairs. He married Mary 
Ann Cobean, who was born in Gettysburg, Pa., 
Nov. 13, 18 10. He died Jan. 21, 1862, as a 
result of injuries received by the fall of a large 
derrick which was used in raising the large 
flag-pole in Center Square, York, April 29, 
1861. His wife died Feb. 11, 1847. Dr. John 
F. Fischer was the father of Mrs. Maria Dritt 
Lochman, widow of Dr. Luther M. Lochman; 
Mrs. Jane F. Kell, widow of James Kell, Esq., 
of York; and William C. Fischer, deceased. 

(3) Charles F. Fischer, born Aug. 3. 
1783, was in the copper-smithing business, 
which was quite an extensive trade in York in 
those days. He died Aug. 26, 1842. His wife 
was Hellenah Dorothy Spangler, who was born 
June 24, 1789, and died May 15, 1842. They 
had three children, but all their descendants are 


dead except their grandson, Charles F. De- 
muth, of Des Moines, Iowa. 

Ihere are now no descendants of John 
Fischer, clockmaker, hving in York, Pa., bear- 
ing the surname of Fischer, but his great-grand- 
daughters, the Misses Kurtz, Mrs. Lochman 
and Mrs. Kell, above named, are residents here. 

native of Glen Rock, Pa., and was born Oct. 
6, 1877. His paternal grandparents, George 
Wareheim and Abie (Armacost) Wareheim, 
lived on a farm in Carroll county, Md., where 
his father, Edward A. Wareheim, was born. 
His great-grandfather, Edward Armacost, 
was a veteran of the War of 181 2, being 
engaged in the defense of Baltimore. His fath- 
er, after graduating at the New York Hom- 
eopathic Medical College and Hospital, re- 
moved to Glen Rock, Pa., where he practiced 
his profession until his death, on July 13, 1898. 

His maternal grandparents, Jonathan Faust 
and Elizabeth (Deveney) Faust, were resi- 
dents of Pennsylvania, having first lived in 
Shrewsbury township, York county, and later 
at Glen Rock. 

To the marriage of Edward A. and Achsah 
(Faust) Wareheim five children were born; 
two of these, Carroll and Abie, died in infancy ; 
those living are: Spencer D., the subject of 
this sketch ; Guernsey G., a graduate from the 
Dental Department of the University of Mary- 
land, and now a practitioner of dentistry in Bal- 
timore City ; and Grover Faust, a student at 
Franklin and Marshall College, at Lancaster, 
Pa., class of 1906. 

Spencer Doyle Wareheim received his pre- 
liminary education in the public schools of 
Glen Rock and the York Collegiate Institute at 
York, Pa., later attending Franklin and Mar- 
shall College, at Lancaster, Pa. He graduated 
from the latter institution as one of the ten 
honor men, in the class of 1899. He then at- 
tended the Harvard Law School, and later read 
with Joseph R. Strawbridge, at York, Pa. He 
was admitted to practice on Jan. 18, 1904. 

In politics our subject is a Democrat. Of 
fraternal orders he affiliates with the Masons. 
His religious persuasion is Lutheran. 

DAVID S. COOK, of Wrightsville, York 
countv, is a well-to-do iron manufacturer 

with large business interests in different places, 
and he is a prominent man in social, fraternal 
and church circles. 

James Cook, father of David S., was born 
in Chester county, Pa., Sept. 24, 181 1. He 
had few opportunities, and began his life like 
hundreds of other poor boys. He learned the 
blacksmith's trade in Wilmington, Del., where 
Messrs. Harlan and Hollingsworth, of the af- 
terward noted firm of Harlan & Hollingsworth, 
of Wilmington, were apprentices with him. 
Mr. Cook married, in Chester county, Martha 
Stackhouse, of an old family of Morristown, 
N. J., where her girlhood was spent. Mrs. 
Cook's father was David Stackhouse, a farmer, 
who spent his later life in Chester county. Pa. 
He lived and died a Quaker, and is buried in 
the New Garden cemetery in Chester county, 
belonging to one of the largest Quaker congre- 
gations in Pennsylvania. 

In 1856 James Cook moved his family to 
Wrightsville, where he bought the Baker in- 
terests in the firm of Baker, Hillis & Co., lime 
burners. Later Mr. Cook bought still larger 
interests in the concern, which did business for 
many years under the firm name of Cook & 
Hillis. In those days the only means of trans- 
portation for merchandise of any sort was by 
canal boat. Mr. Cook continued to be actively 
engaged in business until 1873, and his death 
occurred in 1876, when he was sixty-four years 
of age. His wife lived to be ninety-two years 
old, and her twin sister, Mary, who made a 
home with her, lived to the age of ninety-three. 
Mr. and Mrs. Cook were brought up in the 
Quaker faith, and adhered to it through life. 
Mr. Cook was an old time Whig, and later a 
Democrat ; he served as school director for sev- 
eral years. He \\-«s one of the organizers of 
the Wrightsville Bank, of which he was a di- 
rector many vears. His children were : Mary, 
who died at the age of nine; and David S., of 
this sketch. 

David S. Cook was born in Chester county, 
near Wilmington, Del, in October, 1838, 
and when he was eighteen his parents 
moved to Wrightsville. He attended 
school in Chester county and Millers- 
ville, and was graduated from the Mil- 
lersville Normal School with the class of 
i860. His preceptor was Prof. J. P. Wick- 
ersham, a cousin of his father's, who for many 
years was state superintendent of schools. On 

\ \^ f 



leaving school Mr. Cook entered the employ 
of his father in Wrightsville, but soon branched 
out for himself as a coal merchant. He handled 
Wyoming Valley coal, which was all trans- 
ported by canal boat. Later he bought out his 
father's partner, Jesse Hillis, of Havre de 
Grace, Md., and after his father's death con- 
tinued to carry on the business alone for some 
time. He then formed a partnership with the 
Kerr brothers and Mr. Weitzel, which con- 
tinued a number of years. The Wrightsville 
Iron Company, William McConkey, president, 
and David S. Cook, secretary and general man- 
ager, was organized in 1866. Mr. Cook sup- 
erintended the building of the plant, and re- 
mained in the business until 1872. He then 
went to Botetourt county, Va., and built a 
smelting furnace; this he soon sold, and built 
another, and the town of Glen Wilton, Va., 
named in honor of Mr. Cook's son of that 
name, has grown up around the industry thus 
established, and in which ]\Ir. Cook is still 
actively interested. The Glen Wilton plant 
was incorporated in 1900, under the laws of 
New Jersey, Mr. Cook being president, and his 
son, Wilton, secretary and treasurer. Mr. 
Cook has large interests also in the Susque- 
hanna Casting Co., which he and his nephew, 
Ralph Wilton, established in the fall of 1899. 

Mr. Cook married (first) in Wrightsville, 
Caroline, daughter of Henry Wilton, and they 
had two children : Mary, who died when four 
years old ; and Wilton. Wilton Cook was born 
in Wrightsville in 1868, attended the public 
schools, and Prof. Meig's school at Pottstown, 
Pa., became clerk in his father's employ, and 
then a partner. He married Ora Heppenstall, 
and their one living child is Marion. 

Mr. Cook married (second) Margaret Mc- 
Conkey, of Wrightsville, daughter of William 
and sister of Senator E. K. McConkey, of York 
(a sketch of whom appears elsewhere). No 
children have been born to this union. Mr. 
Cook has been for ten years president of the 
Wrightsville Bank, of which he is an original 
stockholder : he and his father were among the 
organizers of this bank, and both were direc- 
tors. Mr. Cook is connected with Riverside 
Lodge, No. 503, F. & A. M., Wrightsville ; the 
Chapter and the Commandery, Columbia. He 
joined the chapter in 1872, and the command- 
ery the following year. He is a member of 
the Presbyterian Church, and is chairman of 
the board of trustees. 

well and favorably known throughout eastern 
Pennsylvania and Alaryland is that of Demp- 
woli Brothers, architects, of York. .\iauy 
monuments to their genius exist throughout 
the territory contiguous to York, and their 
work has also received recognition in other 
States. Both gentlemen are natives of Ger- 
many, but were reared in York, where their 
parents settled m 1867. Their father, Charles 
Dempwolf, was a millwright by occupation. He 
married iXiiss Wilhelmina Beaker, ot Germany, 
and they came from Germany to America in 
1867, settling in York, where the father died 
in 1882, at the age of sixty-seven; the mother's 
death occurred some time before. 

Reinhardt Dempwolf was born in Germany 
in 1861. His education was received in the 
York County Academy and the York Colle- 
giate Institute. Later he went to Philadelphia, 
where he studied sculpture for three years, and 
after returning to York, where he spent a year 
or so, Mr. Dempwolf decided to complete his 
education in Europe. So in Paris, the mecca 
of American students of art, he took up the 
study of architecture, remaining in that city 
four years. After finishing his work there he 
returned to York, where he became an assist- 
ant to his brother, a well-known architect, in 
whose business he is now established. 

In 1896 Mr. Dempwolf was united in mar- 
riage with Miss Nellie Scharzberger, the elder 
daughter of a well-known retired farmer, Ed- 
ward Scharzberger, of York county. 

Reinhardt Dempwolf is a gentleman of 
pleasant and engaging personality and is a 
member of society much thought of in York. 
He is very popular among the young people and 
has taken a decided interest in their welfare 
during the years past. In his position as vice- 
president of the Y. j\I. C. A. for the last ten 
years he has wielded a powerful influence for 
good among the young men, and as a teacher 
in the Sunday-school of Christ Lutheran 
Church he has also done much to foster and 
strengthen the high moral tone of the com- 
munity. He takes but little interest in politics, 
but supports the Democratic party with his 
vote and is pleased to aid in its success. 

. JONATHAN JESSOP. There are few 
men in Yofk better or more favorably known 
than Jonathan Jessop. A descendant of one of 



her uldest and most honorable families, a vet- 
eran of the Civil war, postmaster of the city for 
eighteen years immediately following that 
great event, and for the past twenty years one 
of the leadmg insurance men of the city, he 
combines pomts which make him a character 
almost inseparable from the city itself. 

Mr. Jessop is not able to give names when 
speaking of the earlier members of the family, 
but he has knowledge of their having been in 
America from the earliest Colonial times, and 
having resided just prior to the Revolutionary 
war in the vicinity of Guilford Court House, 
N. C. Here his great-grandfather owned a 
farm, on which was fought the battle known in 
history as the battle of Guilford Court House, 
which event was witnessed by his grandfather, 
Jonathan, then a lad in his teens. Soon after 
this battle it appears that Jonathan left home 
and came to York county, Pa., where he was 
apprenticed to a famous clockmaker by the 
name of Samuel Kirk, some of whose "grand- 
father's clocks" are yet to be found in the coun- 
try. Jonathan Jessop became famous as a 
clockmaker, also, and passed the remainder of 
his days in the county engaged in that occupa- 
tion. He lived to the extreme old age of ninety 
years, dying in 1856. 

Edward Jessop, son of Jonathan, was a 
prosperous farmer of the county, and also had 
extensive business interests in Baltimore, Md., 
being interested in a hardware store there, and 
making weekly visits to that point. He mar- 
ried Mary H. Newbold, daughter of Samuel 
Newbold, a farmer of Philadelphia county. To 
this marriage ten children were born, one of 
whom, William, died at the age of t\venty-one 
vears, and Frank (married), died in 1878. 
Those living are as follows: Elizabeth, wife 
of A. B. Farquhar, the widely known manu- 
facturer of York; Charles, who has charge of 
an ice plant at Birmingham, Ala.; Jonathan, 
subject of this sketch; Samuel, retired; Han- 
nah, wife of Isaac Cover, of Boston, Mass.; 
Caroline, widow of Samuel I. Adams, formerly 
of the firm of Myers, Adams & Co. of York; 
Alfred, superintendent of the plow department 
of the' Columbus (Ga.) Iron Company; and 
Jeanette, wife of Judson Kuney, of Hornbrook, 
Cal., division superintendent of the railroad 
running from San Francisco to Portland, Ore- 

Jonathan Jessop was born in Baltimore, 

May 12, 1842, but was reared in York county. 
He was given a good education, completing 
courses at the York Academy, after which he 
went to Baltimore and for a time was em- 
ployed in his father's store. Returning to 
iork county he worked on the home farm until 
he entered the army. This was in 1863, just 
as he had reached his majority. He joined the 
187th P. V. 1., as second Lieutenant of Com- 
pany B., and was serving in this position be- 
lore Petersburg when the loss of a leg, on June 
18, 1864, necessitated his discharge from the 
army. Having thus sealed his loyalty to the 
flag by the giving of his life's blood, i\lr. Jes- 
sop returned home, and, after recuperating his 
strength, took up the burden of life as an em- 
ployee in the Pennsylvania ' Agricultural 
Works. Howe\-er, he was not long connected 
with this company, as in 1865 he received from 
President Johnson the appointment of post- 
master of York. For eighteen years he per- 
formed the duties of this office faithfully and 
well. In 1884 Mr. Jessop, on leaving the post- 
office, engaged, in the real estate and insurance 
business, having purchased that business from 
Kirk White. 

Mr. Jessop was married in October, 1870, 
to Anna M. Lochman, daughter of the late 
Rev. A. H. Lochman, D. D., who for fifty years 
was pastor of Christ Lutheran Church of 
York. To this union were born five children ; 
John L., with the Carnegie Steel Company, at 
Homestead, Pa. ; Mary Emily and Susan H., 
both at home; Edward, with the Pennsjdvania 
Railway" Company, in Altoona, Pa. ; and George 
A., with the S. Morgan Smith's Sons Company 
waterwheel manufacturers. Fraternally Mr. 
Jessop affiliates with the Heptasophs and the 
Royal Arcanum. His religious views are those 
embodied in the Quaker faith. He is. of course, 
a dyed-in-the-wool Republican, and as such 
was elected to the common council of York 
from the Second ward, serving one term. The 
life which he has lived in York has been filled 
with earnest devotion to duty, his charity, his 
kindliness of heart and his sympathetic helpful- 
ness having become proverbial. 

CHARLES F. KEECH. Realty is the 
basis of all security, and the basis of security 
in real estate transactions is found in the knowl- 
edge and probitv of those through whom they 
are conducted. Holding, by reason of pru- 


dence, integrity and signal ability, a ■ position 
of prominence among the real estate dealers and 
conveyancers of York county, Mr. Keech may 
be considered one of the representative busi- 
ness men of the city of York. He is a native of 
York county, a member of one of its old and 
honored families, and a popular alderman. 

Charles F. Keech was born on the home 
farm, in York township, York Co., Pa., Jan. 
27, 1848, and is a son of John S. and Mary 
(Weitkamp) Keech, the former of whom was 
born in Chester county, this State, March 25, 
1824, while the latter was a native of York 
county, her birthyear being 183 1. Her fa- 
ther, Henry Weitkamp, was one of the sterling 
pioneers of the county. The father of Charles 
F. Keech came to York county in his youth 
and eventually became one of the substantial 
farmers and influential citizens of York town- 
ship, where he served for fifty years as justice 
of the peace. In politics he was a stalwart 
Democrat, while both he and his wife were 
members of the Moravian Church. Her death 
occurred in 1900. Of the nine children born 
to them all are living. 

Charles F. Keech was reared on the home 
farm, and after completing the curriculum of 
the township schools entered the York County 
Academy, at the county seat, where he contin- 
ued his studies for two years, after which he was 
for one year a student in the Cottage Hill Nor- 
mal School, where he duly prepared himself 
for successful pedagogic work. After leaving 
the Normal he taught in the public schools and 
followed this vocation for ten successive terms, 
five of which were passed in the schools of his 
native county. He made an excellent record 
in the educational field and continued to teach 
until 1884. In the year named he established 
his present business in the city of York, where 
he has built up a flourishing enterprise in the 
handling of real estate of all kinds, having at 
all times many desirable investments represent- 
ed on his books. He also makes a specialty of 
conveyancing, the collection of rentals, etc. In 
politics Mr. Keech is an uncompromising ad- 
vocate of Democracy and has taken a zealous 
interest and an influential part in the further- 
ance of its cause. In 1884 he was chosen to the 
ofTfice of justice of the peace, since which year 
he has been continuously elected to that posi- 
tion. He has been selected four times to rep- 
resent the 8th ward as alderman, securing a 

large and gratifying majority on each occasion, 
his last term expu'uig m May, 1906. 

On May 10, 1S68, was solemnized the mar- 
riage of Mr. Iveecn to Miss Amelia E. Immel, 
who was born and reared in York county, 
daughter of John and Mary Immel, residents of 
Spring Garden township, where Mr. Immel is 
a substantial and influential farmer. Mr. and 
Mrs. Keech ha\'e se\'en children, namely : John 
I., farming on the old homestead at Spry, 
York township ; Robert R., with Morgan E. 
Gipe; Morgan S., with the Rapid Transit Com- 
pany in Philadelphia; Leonard H., with Mc- 
Clellan & Gotwalt; Nevin H., who served in 
the Spanish- American war, at Porto Rico, and 
now a stone-cutter in York ; Ralph Ward, with 
McLean Bros., and Mary Edith, at home. 

prominently engaged in the leaf tobacco trade 
in York, Pa. He was born in Ohio, Nov., 5, 
1856, and is a brother of Nevin M. Wanner, 
Esq., whose sketch will be found elsewhere in 
this volume. 

William S. Wanner received his education 
in the public schools of York, to which city 
his people had removed. His first occupation 
was clerking for P. A. & S. Small, and 
his next position was that of mailing 
clerk in the postoffice, under James B. 
Small. After filling that office with great ef- 
ficiency for four years he engaged in the leaf 
tobacco trade. This was in August, 1903, and 
the business has since grown to fine propor- 
tions. Mr. Wanner has his sample room and 
office in the Small building, on East Market 
street, and his store room, with a capacity of 
three hundred cases, is on Mason alley. He is 
also interested in a packing house in Ohio, 
dealing, as he does, almost exclusively in West- 
ern tobaccos. 

Mr. Wanner was married Nov. 20, 1884, 
to Carrie Stair, daughter of Philip Stair, de- 
ceased, who was a well-known lumber mer- 
chant of York. Three children were born to 
this union: Ethel, a graduate of the York 
high school ; Myra. at the York high school, 
class of 1907; and William S., Jr., also at 
school. Mr. Wanner, who is a most genial gen- 
tleman, is connected fraternally with the Ar- 
tisans aird the Royal Arcanum. His religious 
affiliations are with the Episcopal Church. In 
politics he is a Democrat. 



CHARLES S. WHITE, a well-known and 
efficient detective in Pennsylvania, is a son oi 
T. Kirk White, who was born in Maryland. 

Mr. White's father located in York, where 
he became state agent of the Phoenix Assur- 
ance Company, of London, for the District of 
Columbia, Maryland, Virginia, West Virginia 
and Pennsylvania. He established the firm of 
White & Jessop, insurance agents. Mr. White 
died Jan. 2, 1901, aged over seventy-six years, 
and his partner, Jonathan Jessop, continued 
the business, particular reference to whom will 
be found elsewhere. Charles S. White's mother 
was Susan Jane Smith, of Strasburg, Lancaster 
county, who died in 1896, aged seventy-two 
years. The children born to Mr. and Mrs. T. 
Kirk White were: Mary A., who was the wife 
of Thomas F. Owen, of York, and is deceased ; 
Walter B., an insurance agent; George C, a 
traveling man, of Baltimore, Md. ; Harry C, 
of Harrisburg, a detective; and Charles S., of 
York, Pennsylvania. 

Charles Smith White was born April 12. 
1862, in York, was educated in the Collegiate 
Institute and the York County Academy, and 
after leaving school learned upholstering, pur- 
suing that business for ten years. His next 
venture was in the theatrical business, and 
after five years on the stage as a song and dance 
man, and Irish comedian, Mr. White became a 
commercial traveler for four years. In April, 
1898, he established his detective agency, which 
is now known all over the country. 

The ability of Mr. White as an officer was 
fully recognized when, after a service of five 
years, he -was licensed by the court to do de- 
tective work, and was at once made chief of 
the detective service of York city. It was De- 
tective White who arrested A. J. Glasgow, the 
sanctimonious horse thief of Millersville, Lan- 
caster county, the New York World having 
thought the arrest of so much importance as to 
illustrate an extended article on the subject, 
with pictures of Glasgow, the church he was 
attending at the time of his arrest, and Detec- 
tive White, who made the arrest. Mr. White 
has been specially successful in the detection of 
horse thieves, and Capt. Linden, the Pinkertons 
and other thief takers regard him as one of the 
best horse thief detectives in the business. He 
■has brought more prisoners from other States 
than all the other officers of the city and county 
of York combined, having brought important 

criminals from New York, Virginia, West Vir- 
ginia, Maryland, District of Columbia, New 
Jersey and Delaware; he brought seven pris- 
oners from Maryland in one month. One of 
his most notable exploits was the arrest of 
five safe blowers in a bunch. Mr. White is in 
exchange with the detective bureaus in the 
country, .and is as conscientious and reliable as 
he is shrewd and speedy in his work. He was 
one of the detectives selected to serve at the in- 
auguration of President Roosevelt, and while 
acting in this capacity had the pleasure of form- 
ing the acquaintance of prominent detectives 
from all the larger cities of the United States, 
who' were detailed to act in a similar manner, 
and in the distribution of officers at this time 
Mr. White was always among those detailed 
to serve in the most important locations. 

Mr. White was married Oct. i, 1884, to 
Ella M. Keech, daughter of William L. Keech, 
a justice of the peace of York, and uncle of the 
well-known alderman Keech. One child was 
born of this union, Pauline Marian, a gradu- 
ate of the Woman's College, Maryland. 

JOHN K. ZIEGLER, a retired farmer of 
North Codorus township, was born in that 
township, Oct. 9, 1834, son of John E. and Bar- 
bara (Roller) Ziegler. His grandfather, John 
Ziegler, born Dec. 18, 1767, was married Nov. 
23, 1790, to Katherine Epley, and died July 
9, 1845. John Ziegler was the donator of 
the land upon which the well-known Ziegler 
church — one of the old landmarks of the 
county — stands, in North Codorus township, 
and with his son John E. helped to build that 
edifice. He now rests at the entrance of the 

John E. Ziegler was born April 14, 1806, 
in North Codorus township, and his wife was 
born in Shrewsbury township Jan. 20, 1804. 
He was very prominent in farming and busi- 
ness circles, and in his death, Nov. 19, 1875, 
the community lost a good citizen. His wife 
survived until March 20, 1883, and both were 
interred at Ziegler's church. They had chil- 
dren as follows: Sarah A., born July 24, 
1825, married Henry 'Bott; Julianne M., was 
born Sept. 11, 1829; Matilda Jane, born Oct. 
8, 1832, married Dr. H. K. Weiser, of York, 
and they are both deceased; John K., is our 
subject; Israel K., born Oct. 22, 1840, married 
Ann Maria Stick, and resides in York. 




John K. Zieglei- received a common school 
education, and assisted his lather in farming. 
He now owns considerable property — the old 
homestead of 223 acres; an adjoining farm of 
123 acres, where he now lives in a home which 
his father erected for him ; a seventy-nine acre 
tract in Codorus township; and seventeen 
acres of woodland. 

John K. Ziegler married Elizabeth Shaf- 
fer, daughter of Jesse and Elizabeth Shaffer, 
of Codorus township, and they had children as 
follows : Emma Jane, who is now the wife 
of William Stauffer, of Spring Grove; John 
C, who married a Miss Hoke, and resides in 
North Codorus township; William, deceased; 
Paul, unmarried, residing at home; and Allen 
W., who married Almenta Kessler, and is oper- 
ating the home farm. 

Mr. Ziegler is one of the oldest directors 
of the York National Bank, having been ap- 
pointed a director April 3, 1884. For the past 
several years he has lived retired from active 
pursuits. In his religious belief he is a Luth- 

the popular principal of York high school, is 
descended from a Dutch family that settled in 
Pennsylvania in 1688. Through his own family, 
and that of his wife, Mr. Pennypacker is re- 
lated to half the families in Lancaster county, a 
connection reaching up into the thousands. 

The American ancestor of the Pennypackers 
was Heinrich Pannebecker, who left his home 
in Holland, and settled in what is now Mont- 
gomery county, Pa. Grandfather James Pen- 
nypacker was born in Chester county, and from 
there went to Lancaster county, where he 
taught school. He married Philena Yentzer, 
of Conestoga Center. 

John Pennypacker, father of Charles Brady, 
is a leaf tobacco dealer of Mountville, Lancaster 
county, who married Martha Getz Brady, 
daughter of Charles Brady, a miller of Manor 
township, in that county. Four children were 
born to this union, one of whom, Philena, died 
in infancy. The others are: John, at home; 
Ella, wife of Joseph Hoover, a confectioner of 
Mountville: and Charles Brady. 

On Nov. 16, i86q, Charles Brarlv Penny- 
packer was born in Manor tov-nship. Lancaster 
county, and as a bov attended tlie nublic schools. 
He then entered Franklin and Marshall Col- 

lege, and graduated with the class of 1897, 
immediately after that coming to York as as- 
sistant teacher in the high school. In the 
spring of 1902 he was principal of the high 
school, and continues to fill that position with 
success. Five hundred pupils are enrolled in 
the school, and there are fourteen assistant 
teachers, of whom five are ladies. This is a 
small community in itself, and recjuires no little 
executive ability in the governing head to make 
it run smoothly and effectively. Mr. Penny- 
packer had four years' experience in teaching 
laefore coming to York, having taught in West 
Hempfield township, Lancaster county, in the 
intervals of his studies, before graduating. 

Mr. Pennypacker married Elvira Doner 
Stehman, daughter of Jonas Garber Stehman, 
a retired farmer of Mountville, and one daugh- 
ter, Mary Anita, has been born to this union. 
The family connection is of enormous propor- 
tions, including the Doners, the Stehmans, and 
the Herrs of Lancaster county. In politics Mr. 
Pennypacker is a Republican. Fraternally he 
is connected with the Masons, Odd Fellows, 
Knights of Malta and Modern Woodmen. He 
is an earnest member of the First United Breth- 
ren Church, where h» is superintendent of the 
Sunday-school, and ex-officio member of the 
board of control, 

VINCENT R. WEAVER is. a native of 
York, where his grandfather was among the 
pioneer settlers. The German Fatherland was 
the ancestral home of the Weaver family, 
where they were a race of sturdy farmers. 
Francis William Weaver, grandfather of Vin- 
cent R., came to York (then a borough) from 
Germany, and became the owner of the land 
now known as "the reservoir district." This 
property is now all within the city limits, but 
in the day of Grandfather Weaver it was a 
farm in a sparsely settled region. The ma- 
ternal grandparents of Mr. Weaver were also 
of German birth, and settled in York county on 
their arrival in this countn,'. 

Anthony Weaver, father of A'incent R., 
died Oct. 28, 1905, aged seventy-nine. He 
was a carpenter and joiner, and was employed 
in the car shops of the Pennsylvania Railway 
Co., until the removal of the shops from York. 
He married Christiana Riehl. Of the eight 
children born to them, two died in infancy. 
The living are as follows : Marv C, wife of 


C. F. Gibson, a carpenter and contractor of 
Philadelphia; Clara C., wife of C. D. Smith, 
of McSherrystown, Adams county, where he 
owns farm lands and quarries ; F. W. employed 
in the postal service in Baltimore, Md. ; Lizzie 
R., wife of C. F. Smith of York, conductor on 
the Pennsylvania railroad; A. Amelia, unmar- 
ried ; and Vincent R. 

Vincent R. Weaver was born Feb. 5, 1867, 
in York, and received his education in the pub- 
lic schools of that place. As a young man he en- 
tered the Variety Iron Works as an apprentice 
to the molder's trade, and after mastering it he 
remained with the establishment for twenty 
years. During that time he was elected to the 
office of county assessor in the Fourth ward for 
four terms of three years each. At the end of 
ten years, before the expiration of his fourth 
term, he resigned the office of county assessor 
to accept that of clerk of the courts of York 
county. He was elected to the latter position 
in November, 1902, for a term of three years, 
and assumed' his duties the first Monday in Jan- 
uary, 1903, 

Mr. Weaver married Cora M. Bond, daugh- 
ter of John A. Bond, of Williamsport. In pol- 
itics Mr. Weaver is a stanch Democrat. He is 
a member of St. Patrick's Catholic Church, be- 
mg also well known among the fraternal or- 
ders, as he is a member of the Knights of St. 
Paul, the Knights of Columbus, the Eagles and 
the Foresters of America. 

JOHN THOMAS McFALL is the senior 
member of the firm of McFall & Son, of York, 
hatters and dealers in men's furnishing goods 
— a business established by Mr. McFall in the 
autumn of 1869. The McFall family is of 
Scotch-Irish ancestry, and in days past the 
name was spelled MacFall. Many of the fam- 
ily are still living in Edinburgh, Scotland, 
whence the emigrant ancestor came to America 
before the War of the Revolution. 

Thomas McFall. father of John Thomas, 
was for many years a farmer, but in later life 
engaged in the burning and shipping of lime. 
He died in 1847, at the early age of thirtv-four. 
His wife was Eliza Mensch, daughter of Nich- 
olas Mensch, a German Lutheran clergyman, 
of Lewisburg, Pa., where he died in 1854' aged 
seventy-four years. Of the five children born 
to Thomas McFall and his wife, James died in 
1894, in his sixtieth year; and Mary A., wife 

of Thompson Donachy, a boat builder of Lew- 
isburg, Pa., in 1903, at the age of seventy. The 
living children are Emma, wife of Eli B. Plum- 
mer, of Altoona ; Charles A., a farmer in Union 
county; and John Thomas. 

On Aug. 25, 1842, John Thomas McFall 
was born in Union county, Pa., and educated 
in the Lewisburg public schools. After finish- 
ing this elementary education he was employed 
for ten years as a house painter, and then, in 
October, 1869, established his outfitting store 
at No. -122 \Vest Market street in York. This 
business he still carries on with great success 
moving into his present quarters in 1877, and 
receiving his son into partnership in 1892. 

On June 26, 1866, Mr. McFall married 
Mary E. Johns, daughter of Jonas Johns, a 
wagon builder of Gettysburg, Pa. Mrs. Mc- 
Fall died in July, 1899, aged fifty-nine years. 
Three children were born to this union, one of 
whom, Mina, died in 1881, at the age of nine 
years. Edith M. (Mrs. E. C. Tillman), a 
twin sister of Mina, is a resident of Philadel- 
phia, Pa. AVayne G. McFall, in business with 
his father, was born in York, March 21, 1870, 
and is a graduate of the York High School 
and York County Academy. Before going 
into partnership with his father, in 1892, he 
had been employed as stenographer by P. A. 
& S. Small. 

Mr. McFall has a military, as well as a mer- 
cantile record, having enlisted twice in the 
Union army during the Civil war. He first 
joined the company of Capt. William R. 
Thatcher, enlisting from Chester, Delaware 
county, about the time of the battle of Antie- 
tam, as an emergency man. He afterward en- 
listed in Company A, 37th P. V. I., under 
Capt. William Frick, serving as second cor- 

Mr. McFall is past master in the Masonic 
Order, past high priest of the Chapter, and past 
commander of the Commandery, Knights Tem- 
plar ; and a member of Zembo Temple, Ancient 
Arabic Order of the Mystic Shrine, Harris- 
burg. He also belongs to the Royal Arcanum 
and the Fraternal Mystic Circle, while his so- 
cial connection is with Lafayette Club. York. 
In religious faith he is a Lutheran. Politically 
he affih'ates with the Democratic party. 

shoe firm of W. H. & H. M. Miller of York, 



comes of a family long settled in that region. 
He and his partner, who is also a member of an 
old York county family, although of the same 
name, are not even remotely related. 

Samuel Miller, the grandfather of William 
Henry, was born and reared in Conewago 
township, York county, and died in A'lanches- 
ter township, same county. 

LcAvis R. Miller, son of Samuel and father 
of William Henry, was also a native of Cone- 
wago township. He married Maria Bull, 
daughter of Dr. Ross Bull, a physician of wide 
reputation. Mr. Miller died in 1866, and a six- 
year-old son, John Ross, died the same year. 
The surviving children of the family are Anna 
E., widow of H. C. Ziegler, of York City, Pa. ; 
and William Henry. 

The birth of William Henry Miller occur- 
red Sept. 18, 1857, in Conewago township, and 
he was educated in the public schools of York. 
He began his business career as clerk in the 
store of Rosenmiller Brothers, where he re- 
mained from 1 87 1 to 1877. He then entered 
the employ of E. J. Miller, father of his present 
partner, a shoe dealer, whose business was es- 
tablished in 1866. He was a clerk in this store 
until 1888, and then he and H. M. Miller 
bought each a third interest in the business. Af- 
ter two years of this triple partnership, the sen- 
ior member of the firm, E. J. Miller, retired, 
and the firm became W. H. & H. M. Miller, 
as it remains today. The establishment is lo- 
cated in West Market street, and does a thriv- 
ing trade. 

On June 30, 1881, William Henry Miller 
married Sarah J. Yost, daughter of Abraham 
and Mary Yost, of Manchester township, 
where Mr. Yost was a prominent farmer. The 
children of this marriage are Clara E., a gradu- 
ate of the York high school, class of 1901, and 
a member of the class of 1905 in the Ladies 
Seminary, at Norton, Mass. ; and George L., in 
the class of 1907, University of Pennsylvania. 
In politics Mr. Miller is a Republican, but he 
reserves the right to vote independently. He 
is a member of St. Paul's Lutheran Church, 
where he was a deacon for four years, and 
where for twenty years he has been a teacher in 
the Sunday-school. He is a member of the 
Royal Arcanum and' of the Artisans. 

H. M. Miller, partner of William Henry 
Miller, comes of an old York county family. His 
grandfather was one of the earlv surve\-ors and 

school teachers in the county, and his father, E. 
J. Miller, established the prosperous shoe house 
now owned and carried on by these younger 

Mr. Miller was born Dec. 21, 1861, in 
Strinestown, York county, and attended the 
public schools, and the Eastman Business Col- 
lege in Pouglxkeepsie. Pie was a clerk in his 
father's store for four years before he became 
a partner in the business. Like his partner, he 
is an independent Republican in politics. Fra- 
ternally he is connected with the Eagles. He 
is a member of the Beaver Street [Methodist 

JOSEPH R. MARTIN, M. D., formerly 
one of the eminent medical men of York coun- 
ty, and a prominent citizen of Stewartstown, 
now living retired in Christiana, Lancaster 
county, was born Sept. 14, 1838, in Lancaster 
county, Pa., son of James and Eliza (Morri- 
son) Martin, ,both of v\diom were natives of 
the same county. 

Samuel Martin. Dr. Martin's paternal 
grandfather, was a farmer in Lancaster county 
for many years. He was born in the north of 
Ireland and was of Scotch-Irish parentage. 
His children were as follows : James ; Samuel ; 
Sarah, wife of William Mackey ; and John, 
who died young. Dr. Martin's maternal grand- 
father was Samuel Morrison, who was born 
in Scotland. After emigrating to America 
and settling in Lancaster county. Pa., he fol- 
lowed milling and farming. Both grandfathers 
were men of sterling character in their com- 
munity, and strong adherents of the Presb}'- 
terian faith. The children of Samuel Mor- 
rison were : John ; Robert : Gabriel ; Samuel : 
Rev. Alexander; and Anna Eliza, who became 
the mother of Dr. Joseph R. Martin. 

James Martin, father of our subject, was 
a fartner and miller in Colerain township. Lan- 
caster county. He w,as much more, a man of 
settled principles, with the courage to live up 
to his convictions. A strong Whig all his life, 
he died in the year of the formation of the Re- 
publican party, with which he would undoubt- 
edly been identified as he held advanced views 
on the slavery question. He was a great ad- 
mirer, as he was also a personal friend, of that 
noble statesman, Hon. Thaddeus Stevens, and 
was so firm in his views that he was one of a 
half dozen men of his loc^litv to build the Free 
Presbvterian Church, located in Colerain town- 


ship, near Andrew's Bridge, and to employ a 
minister who had the daring that was then nec- 
essary to promulgate Abolition sentiments. A 
man of noble character and broad-minded phil- 
anthropy, the influences of his life extended far 
beyond the years of his earthly career. James 
]\Iartin married Eliza Morrison, and they had 
these children: John, M. D., Josiah, D. D. S., 
Silas, Martha, Sarah, Isabella, Samuel (died 
at twelve), Harriet (died at twenty-one), Al- 
exander, Harriet, Joseph R., M. D., Annie. 
JMartha, and Sarah, of whom Alexander and 
Joseph R. are still living. 

Dr. Joseph R. Martin completed the com- 
mon school course in Colerain township, af- 
terward spending three years at the Christiana 
Boarding School, and then entered upon the 
studv of medicine, under the direction of his 
brother. Dr. John Martin. By him he was pre- 
pared for entrance to Jefferson Medical Col- 
lege, at Philadelphia, where he enjoyed three 
courses of study and a special course under the 
eSninent surgeon. Dr. D. Hayes Agnew, of 
Philadelphia, completing his studies in 1862. 
After a short practice at Marticville, Lancaster 
county, he was accepted as assistant surgeon 
in the United States army, and in the same 
year was sent to Harrisburg to be medical ex- 
aminer of both the volunteer and drafted men. 
Two months later he accompanied Dr. Abra- 
ham Harshburger in the 124th P. V. I., and 
Avorked seven months with this regiment as 
surgeon. He then returned to his home, re- 
maining until 1863, when he again entered the 
service as surgeon, and was assigned to the 
Officers' Hospital, at Alexandria, Va. He con- 
tinued there until late in 1864, when he re- 
signed and returned to Lancaster county to take 
np his private practice. 

Dr. Martin located first at Atglen, Chester 
county, where he practiced four years, coming 
to York county in i860. He settled at Stew- 
artstown where he continued in the active prac- 
tice of his profession until 1905, when he re- 
tired and with his wife moved to Christiana. 
Lancaster countv, where also dwell his sons. 
Dr. John R., Jo-Newell and Robert. Dr. Mar- 
tin is widely known all through this section of 
the State. His medical knowledge and sur- 
gical skill have brought health and happiness 
to hundreds, while the esteem and confidence 
he has inspired in this way is only second to 
that aroused by his personal characteristics. 

In 1866 Dr. Martin married Abbie Smith, 

daughter of Rev. Samuel H. Smith, a Pres- 
byterian minister in York county. A family of 
eleven children was born to this union, namely : 
Janet, wife of J. Mitchel Jordan; Annie L., 
wife of W. L. Fredeking; Harriet B., wife of 
Rev. Paul S. Lainbach, a clergyman of the 
First Reformed Church, Easton, Pa. ; D. C, 
a practicing physician; Jo-Newell; John R., 
a practicing physician at Christiana; Robert 
C, a machinist; Kenneth H., who died at the 
age of thirteen years ; and three children that 
died in infancy. 

Of the above family, Dr. D. C. Martin, 
who has taken his father's practice in Stewarts- 
town, read medicine with the latter and grad- 
uated in 1903 at the Philadelphia Medico- 
Chirurgical College. His professional success 
points to a bright future. The experience of 
the father combined with the modern, scien- 
tific training of the son made a firm of great 
strength. Both physicians belong to the lead- 
ing medical societies of county and State, and 
keep fully abreast of the times in their profes- 

Our esteemed subject has a number of val- 
uable business connections in the county, and 
is one of the directors of the Stewartstown 
First National Bank and a director of the 
Stewartstown Furniture Company. Fratern- 
ally he is a Mason, belonging to that body for 
a long period. He is one of the leading mem- 
bers of the Presbyterian Church at Ste\yarts- 
town, ha\-ing united with the same some forty 
years ago. He has always been active in church 
work when professional duties permitted, and 
for twenty years has been an elder in this 
body. Dr. IMartin has also been a member of 
the Stewartstown board of health for a num- 
ber of years. 

In his own person and as a representative 
of his late father. Dr. Martin exemplifies all 
that is meant by good citizen. This citizen- 
ship has not taken the form of seeking for pub- 
lic office, although never shirking public duty, 
but has been shown in a deep interest in public- 
spirited movements, a just appreciation of 
what development and progress means for a 
communitv, and the faithful upholding of those 
principles which have seemed to him to be 
rip-ht. In the beginning of his career he put 
aside personal preference and loyally offered 
his services to his country, and through a long 
and useful life he has shown the same devotion 
to dutv. This slight tribute is but due to one 


of York county's justly honored and repre- 
sentative men. 

SOLOMON BOYER has been a resident 
of the borough of Dover, in York county, since 
1886, and has long lived retired from active 
work, but though past eighty he is as energetic 
as a man twenty years his junior, and is in full 
possession of all his faculties. 

Mr. Boyer is a native of York county, hav- 
ing been born Oct. 28, 1819, in Manchester 
township. He is of German descent and Rev- 
olutionary ancestry. His grandfather, Fred- 
erick Boyer, was born June 20, 1756, in Leip- 
sic, Saxony,' Germany, came\o America when 
eighteen years old, and took part in the Rev- 
olutionary war. It is thought that his name 
was originall}' Byers, the present spelling hav- 
ing been adopted after he went to the war. In 
1 81 8 he was pensioned for life in recognition 
of his services. Frederick Boyer married a 
Miss Shull, who was born June 2, 1765, and 
also came from a good German family. She 
died in April, 1845, aged seventy-nine years, 
ten months, one day, and his death occurred 
Dec. 4, 1840, at the age of eighty- four years, 
five months, fourteen days. Both died in New- 
berry township, York county, near Ball Hill, 
where they had settled, and they are buried 
there. Their children were as follows : Peter 
became the father of Solomon; John died in 
Carlisle, Cumberland Co., Pa. ; Joseph died 
at the old home at Ball Hill; Jay also died 
there ; Jacob and Charles died in Ohio ; Augus- 
tus died in the West; two daughters died in 
York county. 

Peter Boyer was born in 1789 in York 
county, and there learned the trade of mill- 
wright with his uncle, following that calling 
and farming throughout his active years. He 
lived retired for about twenty years before his 
death, which occurred in 1881, when he was 
ninetv-two years old. He married Sarah 
Hidelbaugh. daughter of George Hidelbaugh, 
of York county, and she died in Dover town- 
ship at the age of seventy-five years. They 
are buried in Straver's Churchyard, in Do\'er 
township. Five children were born to this 
ivorthy couple, namely : Elizabeth married John 
IMeckley, and is now living in Dover township 
with her daughters. Solomon is mentioned 
below. Sarah married Michael Zeigler, died 
in Dover township, and is buried in Straver's 

Churchyard. Israel married Savilla Bower- 
sox, and died in 1904; his widow lives at 
Weigelstown, in Dover township. John mar- 
ried Annie Lauer, who died in York county, 
and he subsequently married Mary Deisinger; 
both are deceased, and are buried in Straver's 
Church yard. 

Solomon Boyer was reared in his native 
township, and began his education there in the 
pa}' schools of the neighborhood, later attend- 
ing at Abbottstown, in Adams count}-, and 
lastly at Dover borough, where he took a 
course in surveying, although he never follow- 
ed that calling. Under his father he learned 
the trade of millwright, which he followed for 
about five years, and he also worked with his 
father at farming, the latter calling being really 
his life work. After his marriage he located 
on the old homestead, remaining there for over 
twenty years, or until 1869, in which year he 
bought a small farm of thirty acres in Dover 
township, to which he removed. There he had 
his home until 1886, when he built the place 
in the borough of Dover where he has since 
resided. Mr. Boyer was successful as a farm- 
er, and is now enjoying the competence ac- 
quired in years of hard labor. Though he gave 
proper attention to his own affairs he was deep- 
ly interested in the affairs of the community 
and was active in promoting good govern- 
ment, in his younger days taking a lively in- 
terest in public matters as well as in business 
pursuits, and he has always been regarded as 
a man of excellent judgment and intelligence. 
He served as director of the poor, school di- 
rector three years, tax collector, assessor, 
township auditor and clerk, and was faithful 
in the discharge of every duty. Though often 
solicited to take office since his removal to the 
borough, he has declined all public honors. 
His political support has always been given 
to the Democratic party. 

In 1843 ^r. Boyer married Louisa Len- 
hart, who was born Dec. 17, 1820, daughter 
of Henry and Christiana ( Stouch) Lenhart, 
of Dover township, the former born ]\Iarch 11, 
1793, the latter in November, 1792. Henry 
Lenhart was a soldier in the war of 1812. He 
died in 1867. Mr. and Mrs. Boyer had chil- 
dren as follows : Edwin, who married Annie 
Y. Essler, died in Dover township, and is 
buried at Strayer's Church. Aaron, a pros- 
perous farmer of Dover township, married 





Susan Smith. Amanda L., born in 1853, is 
the widow of Jacob R. Zinn, who was in the 
milling business at Oxford Mills, Iowa, where 
she still resides ; they had eight children, Harry 
A., George S. (deceased), Katie C, Nettie E., 
Frank E., Charles A., Jacob William (de- 
ceased) and Marion. 

In 1886 Air. and Mrs. Boyer made a visit 
to their daughter, Mrs. Zinn, in Iowa. Mrs. 
Boyer passed away Oct. 29, 1889, at the age 
of sixty-eight years, ten months, and is buried 
at Strayer's Church. She was a member of 
the Reformed Church, and Mr. Boyer is a 
Lutheran in religious faith. 

the First National Bank of Delta, York coun- 
ty, was born Oct. 27, 1867, son of Harry and 
Isabel (Ross) Keyser, the former a native of 
Philadelphia, and the latter of Lower Chance- 
ford township, York county. 

The great-grandfather of E. W. Keyser 
was Peter Keyser, a noted German Baptist 
preacher, who ministered to a large congrega- 
tion of that religion for a number of years 
in Germantown, Pa. He married Catherine 
Clemments, who was also a native of Phila- 

E. W. Keyser, grandfather of our subject, 
was also born in Philadelphia, where his early 
educational training was secured. Early in 
life he engaged in the lumber business, and 
was one of Philadelphia's leading merchants 
in that line for many years. He amassed a 
handsome competency, including valuable 
holdings in real estate, and was well-known 
in the financial world, being president of the 
National Bank of Northern Liberties, of Phil- 
adelphia, for many years. When a young man 
he married Maria Fox, also born in Philadel- 
phia, a descendant of one of the good old Ger- 
man families of that name. The children born 
to this union were : George F., deceased, who 
lived in Philadelphia ; Airs. Catherine Wallace ; 
Francis; Mrs. Sarah Savage; Harry; and Ben- 
jamin W., of Washington, D. C. 

Harry Keyser, the father of our subject, 
was educated in the schools of Philadelphia, 
and when yet a young man came to York 
county, and purchased a tract of land in Lower 
Chanceford township, near Airville. He at 
once set out to improve his land, and added to 
it from time to time until at the time of his 

demise he owned some of the best land in that 
township. His aim was to improve the con- 
ditions of the county, and he was broad-minded 
and public-spirited. Mr. Keyser was one of 
the prime factors in the establishment of the 
Peach Bottom Railroad, being greatly instru- 
mental in the building of that road, of which he 
was one of the stockholders. He was one of 
the board of directors from 1884 until 1889, 
when the road was sold to Baltimore capital- 
ists. Mr. Keyser was a director of the First 
National Bank of Delta from its organization 
until his death in 1896. 

Harry Keysei; was married in 1863 to Isa- 
bel Ross, daughter of Hugh Ross, of Lowei 
Chanceford township, York county. [An ex- 
tended review of the Ross family will be found 
elsewhere.] To this union were born: R. 
Glenn, who became the wife of Rev. Craig B. 
Cross, a Presbyterian minister of Carlisle, Pa. ; 
E. Winchester; and Katharine, the wife of C. 
Collins Smith, a merchant of Airville, Pa. 
Mr. Keyser was a stanch Republican. In his 
religious affiliations he was a devoted member 
of the Presbyterian Church. Mrs. Keys'^r 
died in 1903, aged sixty-eight years. 

E. Winchester Keyser attended the com- 
mon schools of Lower Chanceford township 
and the York Collegiate Institute, after which 
he returned home, and assisted his father with 
the labors of the farm until 1888, when he ac- 
cepted a position with the Peninsula Lumber 
Company, of Wilmington, Del., remaining 
with this company until 1890. In that year 
he returned to Lower Chanceford township, 
and managed the home farm until 1902, when 
he accepted his present position with the First 
National Bank of Delta. Besides being cashier, 
Mr. Keyser is a director of this institution, 
having held this office since 1896. 

In 1903 Mr. Keyser married Miss Eliza 
C. Fulton, daughter of James C. and Sarah 
(Mitchell) Fulton, of Lower Chanceford 
township. Mr. Keyser, like his honored fath- 
er, is a member of the Presbyterian Church, 
and is ruling elder of that religious body. Po- 
litically a stanch Republican, he is not, how- 
ever, an office seeker, preferring to devote his 
entire time and attention to his numerous busi- 
ness interests. He has always taken a public- 
spirited interest in the town, however, and sup- 
ports every movement which his judgment has 
led him to regard as beneficial. He is univer- 



sally esteemed, and occupies a high social po- 

FRICK FAMILY of Lancaster county, Penn- 
sylvania, first compiled by B. F. Frick, of 
York, Pa., in October, 1886, and copied by H. 
A. Frick, of Hall, Pa., in October, 1901. 

The within record is from data furnished 
by Benjamin Summy, of Washington, D. C, 
and Tobias Witmer, of Williamsville, N. Y., 
both of whom married into the Frick family 
in the early part of the preceding century, also 
by Anna Frantz, daughter of Jacob Frick, 
born March 17, 1801 (who was a son of 
Abraham Frick, born June 20, 1759), and died 
Jan. 31, 1897, at his home near Neffsville, 
Manheim township, Lancaster Co., Pa., on the 
same farm where Jacob Frick (born Nov. 12, 
1684) took up, in company with Bachman and 
Rassler, a large tract of land deeded to them 
by the Penns, their nearest gristmill being at 
Downingtown, Pennsylvania. To begin with 

(I) Henry Frick, who was at one time 
an officer in one of the Cantons of Switzer- 
land : His date of birth is unknown, but sup- 
posed to be about the years 1621-1650, and 
from him the following named three children 
descended : Barbara Frick, born May 8, 1683 ; 
Jacob Frick, born Nov. 12, 1684; John Frick, 
born March 20, 1688. 

(II) To Jacob Frick, born Nov. 12, 1684, 
were born the following seven children : 
Maria, born April 26, 1725; Barbara, born 
May 10, 1726; Anna, born July 17, 1727; 
Jacob, born Sept. 4, 1728; Elizabeth, born 
Jan. 8, 1730; Catharine, born Oct. 17, 1731 ; 
and John, born June 6, 1733. 

(III) Jacob Frick, born Sept. 4, 1728, 
son and fourth child of the above and last 
named Jacob Frick, near Neffsville, Lan- 
caster Co., Pa., was married to Magdalena 
Herr, born Jan. 11, 1739. Jacob Frick died 
Oct. 26, 1781, at 7 A. M., and she died Oct. 
17, 1793- To them were born eleven children, 
as follows: (i) Christian was born Sept. 2, 
1754. (2) Maria died young. (3) Abraham 
was born June 20, 1759. (4) John, born 
July 19, 1 76 1, in Manheim township, Lancas- 
ter Co., Pa., married Anna Hershey, of Lan- 
caster county, and about the year 1808 they 
moved from Manheim township to near Wil- 

liamsville, N. Y.,, where they settled. They 
had six children, to-wit : Martha married 
Samuel Tackles; Barbara married Benjamin 
Bowman, of Bowmansville, N. Y. ; Jacob mar- 
ried his cousin Elizabeth, daughter of his 
father's brother, Christian; Anna married 
David Spayth, of Williamsville, N. Y. ; Eliza- 
beth married Henry Lehn, of Williamsville, 
N. Y. ; Abraham moved West. (5) Anna, 
born Feb. 29, 1764, married Jonathan Royer. 
(6) Jacob was born March 13, 1766, at 3:47 
P. M. (7) Martin, born June 10, 1768, at 
3:05 P. M., married a Miss Erisman. (8) 
David was born March 24, 1774, at 2:40 P. 
M. (9) Magdalena, born Jan. 13, 1776, at 
6:35 A. M., married a Blocher, in Clarence, 
N. Y. (10) Daniel, born Jan. 27, 1778, at 
12 :oo M., never married. He was afflicted 
with rheumatism. (11) Maria, born June 14, 
1781, at 8 :i5 P. M., married a Brown, of Lan- 
caster county. Pa., and had three children, 
Jacob, Peter and Maria, the last named mar- 
rying Amos Weidler, of Lancaster county. 

(IV) Abraham Frick, born June 20, 
1759, the second son and third named child 
of Jacob and Magdalena (Herr) Frick, mar- 
ried Christianna Royer, born June 2, 1764. He 
died Feb. 5, 1842, at 4:00 A. M., and she died 
Dec. 15, 1851, at 3:00 P. M. To them were 
born seven children, as follows : 

(i) Anna Frick, born Oct. 12. 1787, was 
married Nov. 21, 1808, to Christian Frantz, 
of Lancaster county. Pa., and moved to near 
Waynesboro, Franklin Co., Pa. She died 
April 8, 1836. They had eight children, 
namely: (a) Isaac Frantz, married Anna New- 
comer, of near Shippensburg, Pa., and had 
five children — Mary, who married an Elliott 
and moved to Kansas ; David, who married a 
Miss Stouffer, of Chambersburg, Pa. ; Salinda, 
who married William Spear, of Chambers- 
burg, Pa., and died there (William Spear 
moved to Bellefonte and married a Miss Lash- 
mar) : Anna, who married Rev. Mr. Menden- 
hall. and resided at Meadville, where she died; 
and Martha, who married Joseph Bomberger 
and is living near Chambersburg, Pa. (b) 
John Frantz married Anna Weaver, daughter 
of Rev. Joseph Weaver, of Lancaster county. 
Pa. She died, and he married Catharine 
Ryder, of Fort Loudon, Lancaster Co., Pa., 
and had four children, David, who died in 



infancy; Amos, who married Ida Herr, daugh- 
ter of Amos Herr, of Strasburg township, 
Lancaster Co., Pa., and had two children, 
Grace and Anna; John, who married Anna 
Funk, daugliter of Aaron Funk (her mother 
Lizzie Frick, was the daughter of John Frick's 
son, of near Waynesboro, Franklin Co., Pa.) ; 
and Lizzie, who married Jacob Shoemaker, of 
Waynesboro, Franklin Co., Pa. (c) Abra- 
ham Frantz married Martha Groff, of Stras- 
burg township, Lancaster Co., Pa., and had 
seven children — Anna, married John M. 
Boonebrake; Elam married Martha Funk; 
Alice is single; Benjamin is single; Ida mar- 
ried Willis W. Frantz; Ella married John Den- 
linger, of Lancaster county. Pa. ; Christian 
married Georgianna Moyer. (d) Jacob Frantz 
married Frances Hoffman, of Washington 
county, Md., and had seven children — Henry 
married Salinda Miller ; John married Malinda 
Funk, and for his second wife Emma Welty ; 
Lizzie is unmarried; Susan married Isaiah 
Sprenkle and is living near Waynesboro, 
Franklin Co., Pa.; Anna died at the age of 
eighteen ; Barbara is married and living in 
Chicago; Jacob is unmarried, (e) Christian 
Frantz married Leah Stouffer, of Falling 
Springs, Franklin Co., Pa., and had seven 
children, Albert, Lizzie (who married Simon 
Hobecker and moved to Chicago, 111.), Chris- 
tian (who married Sarah Noble and is living 
near Waynesboro, Franklin Co., Pa.), Ben- 
jamin, Anna, Edith and Elmer (who married 
Edith Herr, daughter of Amos Herr, of 
Strasburg, Lancaster Co., Pa.), (f) Samuel 
Frantz married Barbara Stouffer, and their 
children are, Edward. Emma, Ira, Henry and 
Alfred, living, and Charles and two infants, 
deceased. Of these, Emma married Jacob 
Newman and they are living in Milton, Pa. 
The others are unmarried and out West, (g) 
Benjamin Frantz married Mary Ryder, of 
Fort Loudon, Pa., and they had children — 
Samuel, who married Mary Benson ; Char- 
lotte, married to G. W. D. Bell and living near 
Monticello, Ind. ; Mary, deceased ; Joseph, who 
married Gertrude Smith and is living in 
Waynesboro, Franklin Co., Pa. ; Isaac ; Abra- 
ham ; Anna, and Herman, (h) Anna Frantz 
married Martin Hoover and had two children. 
Christian and Emma. ' Mrs. Anna Hoover 
died in 185S, and her husband subsequently 

married Elizabeth (Frick) Hershey, of Dau- 
phin county. Pa., on Jan. 29, 1866. They also 
had two children — Anna Hoover, born Feb. 6, 
1867, and Leah Hoover, born Sept. 8, 1871. 

(2) Maria Frick, born July 22, 1789, 
second child of Abraham and Christianna 
(Royer) Frick, died in January, 1792, at the 
age of two and a half years, near Neffsville, 
Manheim township, Lancaster Co., Pennsyl- 

(3) Magdalena Frick, born in Lancaster 
county. Pa., Feb. 19, 1791, at 3 P. M., third 
daughter of Abraham and Christianna (Royer) 
Frick, married Peter Baker, Avho was born 
March 11, 1789, in Lancaster county. They 
moved to near Waynesboro, Franklin Co., Pa., 
and from there to Clark county, Ohio, where 
both died, Mr. Baker on Oct. 20, 1874, and 
Mrs. Baker in September, 1875. They had a 
family of nine children, as follows : Abraham, 
born March 2."], 181 1; Benjamin, born Aug. 
26, 18 1 3 (died Nov. 16, 1871); Eliza, born 
Nov. 18, 1815 (died May 7, 1857) ; Anna, 
born Feb. 22, 181 8 (died July 5, 1886) ; Mag- 
dalena, born May 20, 1821 (died May 28, 
1890); Mary, bom Dec. 22, 1823; Barbara, 
born May 4, 1828; Susan, born Nov. 20, 1830; 
and Catharine, born Nov. 24, 1833. 

(4) Abraham Frick, born May 8, 1793, 
at 5 :oo A. M., first son of Abraham and Chris- 
tianna (Royer) Frick, was married in 18 19 
to Catharine Defifenbach, of Pequea township, 
Lancaster Co., Pa., who was born May 20, 
1793, and died Sept. 7, 1872. They moved to 
Washington county, Md., and then to Waynes- 
boro, Franklin Co., Pa., where most of the 
family now reside. There Abraham Frick 
died Feb. 4, 1879. They had seven children: 
(a) John, born July 20, 1820, married Louisa 
Stoner, and had children, Luther, Silas (who 
died young), Elizabeth, Samuel (who married 
a lady in Philadelphia, where he lives and 
practices dentistry), Emma (who married a 
Mr. Adams and lives in Waynesboro, Frank- 
lin Co.. Pa), Cora and Annie, (b) Mary mar- 
ried Samuel Hershman, and they had one son, 
Abraham, who married a Miss Shank and lives 
near Waynesboro. . Mr. and Mrs. Hershman 
are both deceased, Mrs. Hershman (who was 
born Sept. 26. 1823) dying May 27, 1848, and 
Mr. Hershman about i860, (c) Annie, born 
Jan. 20, 1825, married Jacob Beaver, of 


Waynesboro, Pa., who was born March 19, 
1819. They had two sons — David married a 
Miss Wittcome, of Cumberland county, Pa., 
and Hves in Waynesboro; Abraham, who hves 
and practices medicine in Fairfield, Adams 
Co., Pa., married a Miss Musselman and has 
one child. Gross, (d) George, born Nov. 7, 
1826, married Fredrica Ozenlender, of Wash- 
ington county, Md., and they had seven chil- 
dren — Franklin, who died when about twenty- 
one years old; Abraham, who married Louisa 
Hatter, of Baltimore, Md., and, after her 
death, a Miss Mehafify, of Chambersburg, Pa. ; 
Ezra, who married a Miss Mehaffy, sister of 
Abraham's wife; Annie, who died when about 
seven years old; Elizabeth, who died when one 
year old; Frederick, who married a Miss 
Sprankle, of Waynesboro; and Amos, who 
married a Miss Stover, of Franklin county. 
Pa. (e) Abraham died young, (f) Jacob, 
born April 2^, 1830, married x\nnie Gantz, of 
Washington county, Md., and had the follow- 
ing children — David, Kate, Harvey, Annie, 
Alice, Benjamin, Ella, Charles and William, 
(g) Christian died young. 

Most of Abraham Frick's family live in 
Waynesboro, Franklin Co., Pa., and are en- 
gaged in mechanical work, on steam engines, 

(5) Maria Frick (2) was born Dec. 18, 

(6) John Frick, born April 7, 1799, mar- 
ried Catharine Miller. (12) Susanna, born 
who was born June 11, 1800. They moved to 
Washington county, Maryland. 

(7) Jacob Frick, born March 17, 1801, 
married Maria Pfantz, who was born Jan. 8, 
1801, near Lititz, Lancaster Co., Pennsyl- 

The York branch of the Fricks are the de- 
scendants of 

(IV) Christian Frick. born Sept. 2, 1754, 
son of Jacob and Magdalena (Herr) Frick 
(the former born Sept. 4, 1728), and grand- 
son of the first named Jacob Frick, born Nov. 
12, 1684, in Europe, who came to America and 
took up a large tract of land in company with 
Bachman and Rassler, in Lancaster county, 
Pa., deeded to them by the Penns. Christian 
Frick, the son and first named child of Jacob 
and Magdalena (Herr) Frick, was married to 
Anna Witmer Nov. 19, 1780. To them were 
born the following named four children: (i) 

Catharine, date of Ijirth and death unknown, 
married a Mr. Sheetz, of Lancaster, Pa.; (_2) 
Jacob W., born Nov. 26, 1782, died April 12, 
1835; (3) John, born Sept. 16, 1784, died 
when four years old; (4) Anna, born March 
18, 1789, died when three years old. The 
mother of these four children died in 1790, and 
on Jan. 25, 1791, the father married Miss 
Elizabeth Herr, of Lancaster county, Pa., by 
whom he had twelve children, as follows : ( i ) 
Fanny, born Oct. 29, 1791, married David 
Martin and moved to Illinois. (2) Alagda- 
lena, born Jan. 26, 1793, married Joseph 
Hershey, of Lancaster county, Pa. (3) Chris- 
tian, born April 12, 1794, married Elizabeth 
Long and moved to New York. They had one 
child, Anna, who married Tobias Witmer and 
had fourteen children. (4) Elizabeth, born 
Dec. 26, 1795, married her cousin, Jacob, son 
of John Frick. who married Anna Hershey, arid 
lived near Williamsville, N. Y. (5) Maria, 
born Aug. 20, 1797, married Henry Roades. 
(6) Anna, born Jan. i, 1799, married John 
Reist, a bishop of the Reformed Mennonite 
Church in Williamsville, N. Y. (7) Barbara, 
born March 28, 1801, died when seven months 
old. (8) Abraham, born Dec. 4, 1802, mai- 
ried Rachel Stever, and died in Lancaster 
county, Pa. (date unknown). (9) John, born 
Jan. 6, 1805, married Susanna Schenck, and 
lived in Williamsville, N. Y. (10) Barbara 
(2), born Aug. 13, 1806, married Benjamin 
Brubaker and moved to Stephenson county, 
111. (11) Martin, born Nov. 23, 1808, mar- 
ried Catharine Miller. (12) Sussanna, born 
Feb. 26, 1812, married Benjamin Summy, 
and moved to Washington, D. C. 

About the year 1808 Christian Frick, 
father of the above named sixteen children, 
moved with the larger part of his numerous 
family from Manheim, Lancaster Co., Pa., 
where he lived, to Amherst, Erie Co., X. Y., 
near Williamsville, where he died (date un- 
known) at the old homestead now occupied 
by his sons Abraham and Martin Frick. 

(V) Jacob W. Frick, the eldest son and 
second child of the aforenamed Christian 
Frick, born Nov. 26. 1782, was married to 
Magdalena Peifer, Dec. 3, 181 1. She was 
born Nov. 12, 1793. They had the following 
named three children : ( i ) John P., born Dec. 
6, 1812, was married Nov. 26. 1839, to Hannah 
Hershey, of York county. Pa., who was born 



Feb. 3, 1815, and died May 23, 1879. He died 
May 2T^, 1889, in York, Pa. They had seven 
children, WiUiam Henry, Benjamin, John, 
Abraham, Mary, David and Joseph. (^2) 
Maria, born April 21, 1815, married Levi 
Winterode, of Manchester, Md., and died Jan. 
26, 1887. (3) Christian, born Dec. 17, 181 7, 
died Aug. 15, 1863. Mrs. Magdalena Frick, 
wife of Jacob W. Frick, died Oct. 8, 1822, in 
York county, Pa., and he married in 1825 
Elizabeth Arnold, of York county, by whom 
he also had three children, namely : ( i ) An- 
nie E., born Dec. 13, 1825, married Daniel 
Bond, of Baltimore, Md. (2) Jacob, born 
Aug. 27, 1827, was killed by the running away 
of his team between Baltimore city and Hamp- 
stead, Md. (3) Englehart, born Jan. 4, 1830, 
married Cecilia Showers, of Manchester, Md. 
The father of this family, Jacob W. Frick, 
died April 12, 1835, at Manchester, Maryland. 

(VI) Christian Frick, third named child 
of Jacob W. and Magdalena (Peifer) Frick, 
born Dec. 17, 181 7, was married Feb. 2, 1851, 
to Matilda Joannah Speck, who was born Dec. 
7, 1 82 1. They became the parents of five 
children: (i) John Henry, born Oct. 30, 
1852, died Dec. 30, 1890. (2) Laura, born Oct. 
30, 1852, married Frederick Bentz. (3) Eliz- 
abeth, born May 19, 1854, married Joseph 
Deardorff, and is living in Mills county, Iowa. 

(4) Jacob Martin was born Nov. 22, 1855. 

(5) Charlotte, born Sept. 4, 1858, died when 
three years old. The father of this family died 
Aug. 15, 1863, and about the year 1867 the 
mother moved with her four remaining chil- 
dren from Manchester, Md., to York county. 
Pa., where she spent the most of her days with 
her children and had her home with her daugh- 
ter, Mrs. Laura Bentz, near Wellsville, York 
county, where she died Nov. 5, 1894. 

(VII) John Frick, son of Christian and 
Matilda Joannah (Speck) Frick, was married 
Nov. 8, 1877, to Lydia Kraut, of York county, 
Pa., and they were engaged in farming for a 
number of years near Hall, Pa., and afterward 
moved to near Abbottstown, Adams Co., Pa., 
where they lived until his death, Dec. 30, 1890. 
Mrs. Frick, the widow, is still living, residing 
with her children near Abbottstown. Three 
children were born to John and Lydia (Kraut) 
Frick. Daisy May, born Feb. 18, 1879, who 
was married May 21, 1901, to John McMaster; 
Preston Eugene, born Jan. 12, 1881 ; and Hat- 
tie Belle, born Jan. 4, 1884. 

(VII) Jacob Martin Frick, born Nov. 
22, 1855, in Carroll county, Md., son of 
Christian Frick, is now living retired in Wash- 
ington township, York Co., Pa. He was 
actively engaged in farming there until the 
spring of 1905, and is one of the prominent 
citizens and large landowners of that town- 
ship. Mr. Frick spent his early life in his na- 
tive county, coming to York county with his 
widowed mother in 1867. From that time un- 
til he was twenty-four he lived with his uncle, 
Joseph Speck, and during that period attended 
school in Warrington township, receiving an 
excellent common-school training. On leav- 
ing his uncle he commenced agricultural work 
on his own account, and in spite of his youth 
had the ambition to buy 103 acres in Washing- 
ton township, of Adam Kinter. He lived on 
that tract for many years, making all the 
changes and improvements which give the 
place its high value at the present day. He 
has always been progressive, and by first-class 
methods and the exercise of excellent judg- 
ment in his work he succeeded so well that he 
was able to purchase more property from time 
to time. His holdings now comprise 253 acres 
of valuable improved farming land, all ad- 
joining in Washington township. The place 
on which he has lived since he retired, in the 
spring of 1905, is a nice farm of fifty-two 
acres, and he bought the adjoining farm of 
eighty-seven acres from Solomon Border's 
estate. Few farms are better situated any- 
where in York county ; a fine view of this beau- 
tiful agricultural region is to be had from the 
site of Mr. Prick's home, and his own attrac- 
tive acres form a pleasing part of the pros- 
pect. Mr. Frick is still in the prime of life, 
and with the comfortable competence he has 
accumulated by good management and judi- 
cious investments he can look forward to many 
enjoyable years. He is an estimable citizen, 
living his own life for the good of others as 
well as for his own benefit, and is willing to 
heljj others do the same. As a deacon in the 
Lutheran Church at Barrentz he is actively in- 
terested in Christian work generally as well 
as in the welfare of his own church, and ex- 
ercises a strong influence for good in his com- 
munity. He is not identified in any particular 
way with public affairs, but gives his sympathy 
and support to the Republican party. 

Mr. Frick was married, Oct. 30, 1879, to 
Hattie B. Speck, from Virginia, daughter 



of Frederick and Susannah (Berkheimer) 
Speck, and a member of a well-known York 
county family. Three children have blessed this 
union, Oscar E., Harry Arthur, and Ora, who 
is at home. Oscar E. (now aged twenty-live 
years) married Grace Harbold, and they are 
living on the large farm of his father in Wash- 
ington township, which Oscar cultivates. 

Harry A. Erick entered Goldey Business 
College at Wilmington, Del., in January, 1901, 
and followed the course until May 30th, of the 
same year, on which day he met with a serious 
accident in a trolley wreck, which disabled and 
pre\'ented him from entering school again un- 
til February, 1902. After finishing the com- 
plete course he accepted a position in Phila- 
delphia, Pa., in May, 1903, and is now holding 
a responsible position with the same firm, The 
International Harvester Company of America. 

EXOS S. MANN, M. D. The medical 
profession has in York county an able and pop- 
ular representative in Dr. Mann, who main- 
tains his home in the attractive borough of 
Dallastown, York township, and who con- 
trols a large practice throughout that section 
of the county, where he is held in high esteem 
as a physician and a citizen. The Doctor has 
been in a significant sense the architect of his 
own fortunes, having gained through his own 
efforts the funds which enabled him to com- 
plete his academic and technical education, and 
thus his success is the more gratifying to con- 

Enos Seitz Mann is a native of the old 
Keystone State, having been born in Manor 
township, Lancaster county, Oct. 17, 1865, 
son of Henry W. and Anna C. (Seitz) Mann, 
both representatives of old and honored pioneer 
families of that section of the State, where his 
father devoted his life to agricultural pursuits. 

Bernhart Mann, the great-great-grandfath- 
er of Dr. E. S. Mann, was born May 9, 1740, 
and when eight years of age emigrated from 
Heififenhart, Germany, to America. He was. 
in accordance with the method of that period 
among emigrants, sold for his passage money 
to a Mr. Stehman, of Lancaster county, with 
whom he remained until his majority was at- 
tained, after which he settled upon a purchase 
of eighty acres of land in Manor township. He 
married Marv Staumb, also of German an- 
cestry, and their children were John, Bernhart, 

George, and Elizabeth, who became ]\Irs. 
\\'ormley. Mr. Mann's death occurred June 
6, 1 81 7, in his seventy-eighth )-ear, and that of 
his wife April 21, 1821, also in her seventy- 
eighth year. 

John Mann, their son, was born 3>Iarch 7, 
1774, on the paternal land, where his life was 
devoted to farming. He married Elizabeth, 
daughter of George Snyder, of East Donegal', 
Lancaster county, who was born Oct. 8, 1780, 
and died March 25, 1870. Their children 
were : Bernhart S., Jacob, Margaretta, Marie, 
Elizabeth, Sophia, Catharine, Barbara Sarah, 
John S. and George. Mr. Mann during his 
lifetime espoused the tenets of the Lutheran 
belief. He died Dec. 3, 1843. 

Their son, Bernhart S. Alann, was born 
Aug. 20, 1803. On March 8, 1827, he married 
A'liss Anna Wertz, who was born Dec. 23, 
1805. To them the following children were 
born: John W., Henry W., Elizabeth B., 
Mary Ann, Margaret S., Anna M.. Simon B., 
and Caroline C. Mr. Mann's death occurred 
April 15, 1880, and that of his wife Jan. 12, 

Their son, Henry W. Mann, the father of 
the subject of this sketch, was born June 14, 
1829, on a farm adjoining the old homestead. 
He married Anna Charles Seitz, Nov. 19, 
1856. Their lives were devoted to farming. 
To them were born eight sons. Amos. Jacob, 
Eli, George, Henry, Enos S., Simon and Hi- 

On the maternal side the Doctor is the 
great-great-grandson of Jacob Seitz, who came 
to America from the Palatinate (Rhenish Ba- 
varia), Germany, in 1764, and who settled in 
Manor township, Lancaster county. JNIr. Seitz 
married Elizabeth Witmer, daughter of 
Michael Witmer, who came from Germany in 
1732 and settled in Manor township. To them 
were born eleven children, John, Henry, 
jMichael, Jacob, Abraham, Veronica, Barbara, 
Catharine, Magdalena, Anna and Elizabeth. 
"Veronica lived to within a few weeks of 104 
years. John married Annie Garber. His death 
occurred in 1847 ^"d his wife's in 1862, in 
her ninetieth year. Their son, Jacob G. Seitz, 
was born in Manor township Jan. 25, 1813- He 
married Babara Charles April 11, 1832. and 
to this union were born nine children : Anna 
C. (the Doctor's mother, born ^lav 27. i833'>. 
John C, Jacob C, Charles C. Barbara C. 



Elizabeth C, Amos C, and Christian and 
Henry, who died young. Mr. Seitz aiea June 
17, 1S92. riis wiie died in 1848. 

' The Doctor early became inured to the 
strenuous labor involved in the work of the 
home farm, located near Washington borough, 
and in the local public school he secured nis 
preliminary educational training, his ambition 
to secure a liberal discipline in tnat line having 
been quickened while he was still a boy, so that 
he made good use of such opportunities as were 
afforded him. After leaving the public schools 
he continued his studies for two years in the 
First State Normal School at Millersville, 
where he fortified himself for successful peda- 
gogic work, having been thereafter engaged in 
teaching in the public schools of his native 
county until 1887. In that year he secured a 
clerical position in the Columbia National Bank 
at Columbia, that county, where he was em- 
ployed until 1890, when he accepted a similar 
position in the Lancaster County National 
Bank, in the city of Lancaster, retaining this 
incumbency two years. In the meanwhile he 
had determined to prepare himself for the 
medical profession, and with this end in view 
he took up the study of medicine under the pre- 
ceptorship of the late Dr. M. L. Herr, of Lan- 
caster, and at the same time was enabled to se- 
cure private instruction of a technical order 
in Franklin and Marshall College, in that city. 
In the autumn of 1892, he was matriculated in 
the medical department of the University of 
Pennsylvania, at Philadelphia, where he com- 
pleted the prescribed course and was graduated 
as a member of the class of 1895, receiving his 
well-earned degree of Doctor of Medicine. To 
further fortify himself for the active labors and 
responsibilities of his chosen profession the 
Doctor passed a few months in the city dis- 
pensary and maternity department of the city 
of Philadelphia, under Dr. Joseph Price. 

Dr. Mann initiated the active practice of 
his profession by locating in Columbia, Lan- 
caster county, where he remained until April, 
1896, when he came to York county, and took 
up his residence in Dallastown, where he has 
since been established in practice, having gained 
a representative support and secured recogni- 
tion as one of the thoroughly skilled physi- 
cians and surgeons of the county, while he 
holds the high regard of his professional con- 
freres and of the people of the communitv in 
which he has so earnestly and effectively la- 

bored in the alleviation of pain and suffering, 
in 1896 the Doctor became a member of tne 
Lancaster County Medical Society. He trans- 
ferred his membership to the York County 
Medical Society soon after his removal to 
Dallastown, and was its president during 1906, 
while he is also identified with the Pennsylva- 
nia State Medical Society and the American 
Medical Association. He is also a member of 
the College of Physicians and Surgeons, Co- 
lumbia, Pa. He is a close and appreciative 
student of his profession, and through the care- 
ful utilization of the best standard and peri- 
odical literature pertaining to medical and sur- 
gical science he keeps in touch with the ad- 
vances made in each branch, while he is speci- 
ally fortunate in his ability of properly apply- 
ing his knowledge in the active work of his 
practice. In his political proclivities the Doc- 
tor is a Democrat, and in a fraternal way he 
is affiliated with the Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows and Order of Independent Americans 
at Dallastown, and with the organization of the 
Knights of the Mystic Chain at Yoe, this coun- 
ty. Both he and his wife are members of the 
Evangelical Lutheran Church at Dallastown. 

On June 19, 1901, Dr. Mann was united in 
marriage to Miss Mary Ann Fulton, of Muddy 
Creek Forks. They have had three sons, Enos 
Harold and Horace Fulton, born Sept. 10, 
1902, and Bernard Fulton, born March 31, 
1905. Horace Fulton died March 22, 1903. 
Mrs. Mann was the youngest daughter of 
James and Mary Ann (Webb) Fulton. She 
was born at Winterstown, York county, where 
she lived until the death of her father, Aug. 
30, 1872. She then moved with her mother, 
who in 1876 became the wife of Judge Valen- 
tine Trout, to Muddy Creek Forks. Mary 
Ann (Fulton) Mann's great-grandfather was 
David Fulton, and he married a Miss Griffith : 
they were both of Ireland. Their son David 
was born in 1791 and died in 1859. His wife 
was Miss Margaret Patterson, native of 
Scotland, born April 22, 1791, died June 9, 
1871. To them were born seven children. JoHn, 
David, Andrew, James, Mary, Sarah and Mar- 
tha. James Fulton (Mrs. Mann's father) was 
twice married, his first wife being Miss Meads, ., 
his second Marv Ann Webb, who he married 
Aug. 7, I8S5. 

Mrs. Mann's maternal great-great-grand- 
parents, Richard and Elizabeth Webb, were 
Quakers of English descent, who settled at 



Fawn Grove, York Co., Pa. Four sons and one 
daughter were born to them, the sons being 
James, Joseph, Jesse and Richard. 

James Webb was born Dec. 8, 1778, and 
died May 16, 1865. On April 15, 1800, he 
married Mary Ann Miller, who was born Oct. 
9, 1779, and died Feb. 7, 1837. Their chil- 
dren were : Elizabeth, Jesse, Catharine, Jo- 
seph, James, John, Lydia Ann, Mary Ann and 
Henry Webb. 

Henry Webb was born Aug. 20, 1803, and 
died Jan. 16, 1868. He married Mary Ann 
Yost, of New Market, Md., who was born Oct. 
18, 1806, and died Feb. 21, 1865. Their chil- 
dren were : Euphemia, Sarah, Mary Ann, So- 
phrona Helen, Arabella, Josephene, Henry Y. 
and Cornelius. 

On Aug. 7, 1855, Mary z^nn Webb became 
the wife of James Fulton. Their children were: 
Euphemia Helen, William T., Cornelius McC, 
John and Ida (both of whom died in infancy), 
and Mary Ann, who became Mrs. Mann. 

EDWARD HELB. This well-known bus- 
iness man and manufacturer, who is also com- 
ing into notice as an inventor, is a son of the 
late Frederick Helb, so long and favorably 
known as a tanner and farmer of Railroad 
borough, York county, and a brother of Theo- 
dore R. Helb, one of the leading brewers of 

Edward Helb was born in the borough 
named April 29, 1854, his parents being Fred- 
erick and Rebecca (Henry) Helb. His father, 
a native of Wurtemberg, Germany, emigrated 
to the United States when he was nineteen 
years of age, finding employment in Baltimore 
at his trade of tanner. Afterward he removed 
to Railroad borough, then Shrewsbury town- 
ship, where he met and married Rebecca 
Henry, daughter of George Henry, an honest 
farmer and miller of that locality. Of this 
union were born ten children, of whom Ed- 
ward was the fourth. At Railroad borough 
the elder Mr. Helb was both tanner and farm- 
er, being' proprietor of a considerable manu- 
factory, and was actively engaged in these oc- 
cupations up to the date of his death, in April, 
1905, at the age of eighty years and one 

Edward Helb received his early education 
in the district schools of his native place and 
the Shrewsbury Academy, these foundation 

courses being supplemented by a training in 
F. Knapp's Institute, at Baltimore, from which 
he graduated in June, 1871. Later he was em- 
ployed in his father's tannery, being thus en- 
gaged in the spring of 1886, when he took 
charge of the store and postof^ice at Railroad 
borough. With all his other interests, he has 
continuously held that position, but expects 
to retire at the conclusion of twenty years of 
service, in the fall of 1906. 

For a number of years Mr. Helb has been 
engaged in the manufacture of creamery but- 
ter, being the proprietor of two milk separator 
stations — one at Newmarket, Md., and the 
other at Rhuls, Md. He also manufactures 
the America Combine Level and Grade Finder, 
which he patented in the United States July 
12, 1904, and in Canada, in December, of that 
year. The invention is pronounced most in- 
genious and useful, and promises to be so gen- 
erally introduced among mechanics that he 
will give his entire attention to its manufac- 
ture. Mr. Helb has been largely interested in 
the F. Helb & Son furniture factory, having 
been its manager, but upon the death of Fred- 
erick Helb, the father and senior member of 
the firm, he bought the plant at public sale, 
and resold it to the Sieling Furniture Com- 
pany, the latter now operating the establish- 
ment. He is one of the executors of his fath- 
er's estate, amounting to several hundred 
thousand dollars, the position demanding care- 
ful supervision and much executive ability. 
For the past ten years he has also served as 
secretary of the board of directors of the 
Shrewsbury Savings Institution. 

In many respects Mr. Helb has evinced his 
practical public spirit. His work in connec- 
tion with the water works of Railroad borough 
is an illustration in point. In the fall of 1905 
he installed a system at his own expense, 
which reached about $6,000. A dozen fire plugs 
were placed in different portions of the 
borough, and water was carried not only to 
his tenants' houses, but to all other residences. 
The origin of the supply consists of a large 
reservoir of spring water, connected by a six-- 
inch main with another large bod}' of water, 
the fall to the square at the station being at 
least 130 feet. The fall furnishes sufficient 
force to send a stream over the highest build- 
ings on the water line, giving ample protection 
to all the dwellings and factories of the town,- 



and being- the means of a material reduction 
of iire insurance rates. Besides being the 
founder of the Raih'oad borough water works 
Mr. Helb has demonstrated his abihty as a 
pubhc otficial, being now in his fiifth term of 
service as justice of the peace. He has also 
laid out and opened up a new street in the 
borough at his own expense — there being a 
scarcity of good building lots — and he will 
erect a number of good brick and frame houses 
for tenants. 

Mr. Helb is unusually happy in his do- 
mestic relations, his wife, to whom he was mar- 
ried July 8, 1879, being known in maidenhood 
as Jennie I. Rishel, daughter of Squire Daniel 
and Sarah Rishel, respected residents of 
Troutville, Clearfield county. Pa. They are 
both active members of the Lutheran Church 
at Shrewsbury and Railroad. Mr. Helb him- 
self has been prominently connected, in var- 
ious official capacities, with both the local or- 
ganization and the broader affairs of the 
Synod. For a number of years he has 
served as deacon, lately as an elder, and 
he has been superintendent of the Sunday- 
schools at Shrewsbury and Railroad. He 
has been a member of the Home Mission 
Board of the General Synod of the Lutheran 
Church in the United States for the past eight 
years (six years as treasurer), and has been 
elected a number of times as delegate to the 
West Pennsylvania Synod, and by them at dif- 
ferent times elected as a delegate to the Gen- 
eral Synod. For several terms he has been 
a director of the Loysville Orphans Home, 
Perry county, Pa., and for twelve years past 
president of the York County Lutheran Sun- 
day-school conventions. 

Fraternally Mr. Helb is connected with 
Mt. Vernon Lodge, No. 143, of Shrewsbury, 
and Mt. Vernon Encampment, No. 14, of 
York, I. O. O. F. ; also with Friendly Lodge, 
No. 287, K. of P., of Glen Rock. 

JOHN H. GROSS, extensively engaged in 
the harness making business at Davidsburg, 
was born there Jvily 25, 1861, son of Samuel 
M. and Matilda (Leib) Gross. 

John Gross, grandfather of John H., was 
born in Dover township, where he learned the 
blacksmith's trade, following it until his death, 
which occurred in his eighty-seventh year. He 
married Polly Myers, who was born in Dover 

township and died at Davidsburg, and they are 
both buried at Strayer's Church in Dover town- 
ship. The children born to this worthy couple 
were : Samuel M. ; Elizabeth, living at Davids- 
burg; Catherine, married to Daniel Jacobs, de- 
ceased, and living in Davidsburg. 

Samuel M. Gross was born in 1833, at Dav- 
idsburg, attended the township schools, receiv- 
ing a good education, and then learned the 
blacksmith's trade with his father, with whom 
he worked for a time. He later went into busi- 
ness with his father, and they were together 
until his father's death, after which he con- 
tinued in that line by himself. Mr. Gross mar- 
ried Matilda Leib, daughter of Henry and 
Elizabeth Leib, of Dover township, and she 
died in Dover township. Both Mr. and Mrs. 
Gross were interred at Strayer's Church. 

John H. Gross was the only child of his 
parents. He received a good education in the 
schools at Davidsburg, which he attended until 
about nineteen years of age. In 1880 he 
started to learn the harness making trade, and 
in 1882 started in business in the place of his 
nativity. Mr. Gross has been actively engaged 
there ever since, and makes only the finest 
goods, shipping his products to the West. He 
employs from three to six hands, and is him- 
self a very skilled mechanic. 

In 1884 Mr. Gross married Mary Altland, 
daughter of George and Elizabeth (Overly) 
Altland, of Paradise township. After their 
marriage they located in the present home in 
Davidsburg. The children born to this union 
were : Daisy E., Samuel, Harvey, George, 
Melvin, John, Margaret and Wilmer, all re- 
siding at home. Politically Mr. Gross is a 
Democrat, and in 1902 was elected prothono- 
tary of York county, which office he has filled 
very satisfactorily ever since. Fraternally he 
is affiliated with the P. O. S. of A. of Davids- 
burg, in which he is very popular. 

Mr. Gross is a business man of high rank, 
public spirited and up-to-date, and is looked 
upon by his friends and neighbors as an able 
and honest citizen. 

MATTHEW GROVE, in his lifetime one 
of the substantial and representative farmers of 
York county, resided on his well-cultivated 
estate of 100 acres in Chanceford township. 
Mr. Grove was born Sept. 24. 1821, on the old 
home farm in Hopewell township, son of 



Thomas and Mary (Williamson) Grove, and 
grandson of Jacob Grove. 

Jacob Grove was born in York county, 
whither his father had emigrated from Ger- 
many with a brother in young manhood. He 
married a lady of English descent, and took up 
300 acres of land, on which he built a log house- 
He was a faithful member of the U. P. Church, 
having belonged formerly to the Seceders. 
Jacob Grove died about 1828, in his eightieth 
year, the father of the follow.inig children : 
Francis died in Fawn township ; James and 
William both died in the West; John; Matthew 
is mentioned elsewhere; Martin died in the 
West ; Peggy married John Stewart, and died 
in Chanceford township ; Betsy, married F. 
Graham, and died in- Fawn township ; Thomas ; 
and Jennie, who died in York county, married 
George Anderson. 

Thomas Grove was born on the homestead 
in Chanceford township, in 1785, and grew up 
on the farm, helping his father to clear it up 
from the wilderness. He married Mary Wil- 
liamson, and they removed to Hopewell town- 
ship, where he bought land, and resided for 
several years. He then returned to Chanceford 
township, and took up his father's home farm, 
caring for the latter in his declining years. 
After his father's death, Thomas Grove bought 
the farm, and resided upon it until his death 
in 1852. Religiously he was a member of the 
Guinston U. P. Church. In his political sym- 
pathies he was an old-line Whig. The children 
born to Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Grove were as 
follows: Jacob; Peggy, who married Robert 
Brooks, died with our subject; James, who 
married Ellen Allison, died in Hopewell town- 
ship; William, father of James W., a sketch of 
whom will be found elsewhere; Matthew; 
Eliza Jane died young; Mary married A. P. 
Thompson, of Dallastown; and Martin, who 
.died on his grandfather's home farm, married 
Sarah Lutz, who survives. 

Matthew Grove remained on the home in 
Hopewell township, and when a small boy his 
father bought 300 acres of land, part of which 
our subject lived on at the time of his death. 
This land is part of what Jacob Grove took 
up, and part of the old house which he built 
still stands, being used for a wash house, and 
the land upon which it stands being the prop- 
erty of William Runkle. Matthew Grove went 
to the subscription schools, and later to the pub- 

lic schools, his educational advantages, how- 
ever, being limited to a day now and then. 
His days were filled with much hardship, the 
reaping being done in harvest time with a 
sickle, by the men, while the women stayed at 
home and made the children's clothes from 
homespun. Mr. Grove's mother had died in 
Hopewell township, and he was cared for by 
his step-mother. He took up his present prop- 
erty in 1850, now owning 100 acres of land 
and carrying on general farming. In 1852 
Mr. Grove was married to Miss Margaret E. 
Stewart, whom he brought to his new home, 
and here he resided until his death Feb. 17, 
1905. Mrs. Grove died Dec. 9, 1867. To. Mr. 
and Mrs. Grove were born the following chil- 
dren: J. Thomas, of Chanceford township, 
married Aggie J. Wilson; Agnes Margaret; 
Annie M. is the wife of W. A. Liggit, of York; 
William McBurney married Mary E. Maugh- 
lin; and Charles H. married Miss Mae Wise, 
and will move to Collinsville, the old home 
having been Sold to Mr. John Craley. 

Mr. Grove had always been a devout mem- 
ber of the Guinston U. P. Church, joining 
when a young man, and had taught in the Sun- 
day-school for many years. In politics he had 
been a Republican all his life, and he cast his 
last presidential vote for President Roosevelt. 
He was one of the substantial men, as well as 
one of the most highly respected citizens of 
Chanceford township. 

treasurer of York county, was born in Shrews- 
bury township, April 6, 1851, son of George 
S. Brodbeck. 

John Brodbeck, Sr., the great-grandfather 
of William H. was a farmer and blacksmith 
of Manheim township, where he died. 

John Brodbeck, son of John, Sr., also fol- 
lowed blacksmithing and farming. He mar- 
ried a Miss Shanck, by whom he had children : 
Jeremiah; George S. ; Nimrod; John; Mrs. 
Buckingham, of Ohio ; and Mrs. Shue. 

George S. Brodbeck, son of John, and fath- 
er of William H., was engaged in the mercan- 
tile business, and carried a full line of general 
store goods, also handling lumber and coal, 
at» Seitzland, York county. From 1868 until 
1892, he was in business in Jefferson borough, 
passing away in the latter year. George S. 
Brodbeck married Christiana Cramer, who died 



in 1S95, and \vas buried, as was her husband, 
at Jerterson borough. They had these chil- 
dren : Jabez, who married Anna Burke, and 
died at Council Bluffs, Iowa ; J. C, postmaster 
at Jefferson borough ; William H. ; Dr. J. R., 
of Jefferson borough, who married Sarah 
Brinkman; Hester A., wife of John S. Rohr- 
baugh, the railroad agent at Shrewsbury; El- 
len J., wife of Fred Brumhouse, an attorney of 
Philadelphia; Laura B., wife of J. T. Thoman, 
a horse dealer at Jefferson borough; and Mol- 
lie, wife of Calvin Hinkle, a clerk in Leroy, 
New York. 

William H. Brodbeck attended the public 
schools of Seitzland, and three months at 
Glen Rock, in 1868-69. He began teaching in 
Jefferson borough in 1871 as an assistant, and 
continued until 1893, all but four terms of 
which were taught in the same borough. He 
is now secretary of the Codorus & Manheim 
M. P. Insurance Co., of which he was at first 
agent. In 1876 he was elected a justice of the 
peace, a position he still holds. Mr. Brodbeck 
is a Democrat, and was elected Nov. 7, 1905, to 
the office of treasurer of York county. He 
served as clerk to the council for fifteen years. 
He is a director of the Codorus Canning Com- 
pany, of Jefferson borough. 

Mr. Brodbeck married (first) Susan My- 
ers, by whom he had two children : George 
D., in the horse dealing business at Jefferson: 
and Cora M. After the death of his first wife 
Mr. Brodbeck married Emma Bupp, daughter 
of John F. Bupp, of Springfield township, 
Y^ork county, mentioned elsewhere. To this 
marriage were born two children, Ellen A. and 
Morris F. Mr. Brodbeck is a member of the 
Reformed Church, in which he is now serving 
as elder. Mr. Brodbeck's fine home was erect- 
ed by him in 1893, and is one of the town's 
beautiful residences. Since 1876 he has been 
a member of Mount Zion Lodge, No. 908, I. 
O. O. F., and he has been secretary of the lodge 
since its organization, and he also belongs to 
Hanover Encampment, Hanover, and to York 
Lodge of Heptasophs (I. O. H.) No. 124. He 
is very public spirited, and is a liberal supporter 
of every movement which promises to be of 
benefit to the community in which he has so 
long been a resident. 

have ministered to the spiritual needs of one 
congregation for as long a period as thirty- 

one 3'ears certainly indicates a large measure 
of personal influence and ability as a pastor, 
and an equal amount of satisfaction in a con- 
gregation. Such is the state of affairs found 
ni the Lower Chanceford United Presbyter- 
ian Church, where the Rev. Alexander S. 
Aiken has so long been the honored and be- 
loved minister. 

The Aiken ancestors came to America 
from the North of Ireland after the close of 
the war of the Revolution. Alexander Aiken, 
grandfather of the Rev. Alexander S., was a 
son of William Aiken, and with three brothers 
— James, John and William — and one sister — 
Sarah — came to America with their mother. 
They settled for a time in Cecil county, Md., 
thence moved to Harford county, in the same 
State, and later came to Pennsylvania, settling 
first in Westmoreland county, and afterward 
locating in Beaver county, where they were 
early pioneers. They purchased land close to- 
gether, all following farming, and they were 
prominently identified with the agricultural 
interests of that time. Alexander Aiken was 
a soldier in the war of 1812, and it is thought 
that one of his brothers was also a participant 
in that struggle. Alexander Aiken married 
Miss Mary Henry, a native of that section, of 
Scotch-Irish descent, whose brother was a 
member of Congress for a time. 

William F. Aiken, son of Alexander and 
father of Alexander S., was born in that part 
of Beaver county which is now Lawrence 
county. He followed farming all of his life 
and died in that section aged seventy-five 
years. ' He married Margaret Van Emon, of 
Scotch-Irish descent, who died when our sub- 
ject was still very small. 

Alexander S. Aiken was born on a farm 
near Princeton, Lawrence county. Feb. 3, 
1846, and grew to manhood in that neigh- 
borhood. He was educated primarily in. 
the public schools, and began teaching 
at the age of seventeen years, continu- 
ing this vocation four or five vears. He 
then entered the Westminster College at 
New Wilmington, Pa., graduating in the class 
of 1870. He spent the summer months in 
teaching select schools at different points and 
in the fall of 1870 he prepared to enter the 
ministrv, enrolling himself as a student in the 
theological seminary at Alleghenv City, grad- 
uating in the class of 1873. The Rev. Mr. 
Aiken was a classmate of the Rev. Samuel G. 




Fitzgerald, of Philadelphia. Mr. Aiken's 
first appointment was to his present charge, 
where he remained three months, spending the 
next six months in Iowa, and he answered a 
call to return to the parish where he is found 
today. There is, perhaps, no other clergyman 
who is held in higher esteem or in closer per- 
sonal affection than is Mr. Aiken by the peo- 
ple of Lower Chanceford township. 

Mr. Aiken enlisted in February, 1865, for 
one year, at New Brighton, from Lawrence 
county, as a private of Company I, i6th Pa. 
Vol. Cav., and was promoted to sergeant at 
Lynchburg. He was under fire just before the 
evacuatiori of Petersburg, being at this time 
with the dismounted men, but was later 
mounted. He was honorably discharged at 
Richmond, in August, 1865. In political mat- 
ters Mr. Aiken was reared a Republican, but 
for a number of years, he has been a Prohi- 
bitionist. He is now serving his third term 
as school director in Lower Chanceford town- 
ship, and since 1891 has been a member of 
the board of directors of Westminster College 
— his alma mater. He was married in Hunt- 
ingdon county, April' 5, 1882, to Miss Mary 
J. Porter, daughter of George and Sarah 

over thirty years a successful medical prac- 
titioner in Codorus township, is a member of 
a family which has been settled in that part of 
York county since the time of the Revolution. 

John Casper Stick (who spelled his name 
Stiick in Germany), the Doctor's grandfather, 
was born Oct. 4, 1752, in Reichen Saxen, 
Hesse-Cassel, Germany, son of John and Anna 
Martha Stiick. His godfather was Casper 
Stiick, whose wife was Anna Margaretta. 
John Casper Stick was one of the Hessian 
mercenaries brought to this country in 1775, 
but he deserted the army in Baltimore, secret- 
ing himself in a huckster's wagon, which was 
bound for Manheim township, York Co., Pa., 
about forty miles north of Baltimore, and six 
miles south of Hanover. Pa. He made a per- 
manent settlement there, and prospered, be- 
coming the owner of about three hundred acres 
of land two miles east of Sherman's church. 
On Sept. 17, 1776, he married Margaretta 
Schallin, and they had a family of ele\-en chil- 
dren, born as follows: Johanas, June 7, 1788; 

George, June 14, 1789; Elisabeth, Sept, 24, 
1 791; Anna Maria, March 20, 1794; Jacob, 
Sept. 7, 1796; Margaretta, Nov. 5, 1797; 
Catliarme, bept. 19, 1799; a son whose name 
is not given, 1801 ; Anna Madalena, Feb. 5, 
1803; John Casper, Jan. 4, 1805; Henry, June 
28, 1808. The father of this family died 
about 1814, the mother shortly afterward; they 
are buried in Sherman's Church cemetery. Of 
the children Johanas and John Casper settled 
in Randolph county, Ind., where their descend- 
ants are now living. Jacob lived in Carroll 
and Baltimore counties, Md. ; he had two 
daughters, Susan (Mrs. Richards) and Mary 
(Mrs. Brown). Anna Maria married Henry 
Cramer, of Codorus township, York Co., Pa., 
and had one daughter, Priscilla, who never 
married. Margaretta married a Stansbury, 
and passed most of her life in Baltimore; her 
children were William, Jacob, Lottie, Rebecca, 
and Joanna, Another of the daughters mar- 
ried a Mr. Gruber, who lived in Maryland, and 
one married a Mr. Fuhrman, who resided in 
Wooster, Ohio. 

Henry Stick, the youngest of his parents' 
family, was a weaver by trade and located in 
Codorus township about 1826. He was the 
founder of Stick's Tavern, an old landmark 
for many years in York county, and had many 
interests, conducting a farm, hotel, general 
store and butchering business, and looking after 
the post office. On Oct. 25, 1836, he married 
Mary Ann Thoman, who long survived him, 
Mr. Stick dying May 12, 1882, and Mrs. Stick 
March 31, 1903. They are buried in the Stone 
Church cemetery in Codorus township. They 
had children as follows : Henrietta, born July 
17, 1837, died unmarried; Ohver, born Oct. 
23, 1839, died in childhood; Miranda was born 
March 6, 1841 ; Anna Maria, born Aug. 22, 
1842, married Israel K. Ziegler, lives in York, 
and is the mother of three children, John Clay- 
ton, Edwin and Jennie (wife of Jacob K, 
Klinefelter) ; Emmaline, born Feb. 8, 1846, 
died in childhood; Henry Silas, born Jan. 28, 
1848, married Rebecca Koller, Feb. 25, 1869, 
and lives at the old homestead (their surviving 
children are Lewis, M. D., assistant physician 
at the Worcester x\sylum ; Charles Franklin, 
a merchant at Lineboro, Carroll Co., Md. ; 
Rev. Jacob Monroe, business manager of the 
Reformed Church at Sendai, Japan: John, a 
student in dentistrv: Anna, wife of Dr. Lewis 



Wetzel, of Baltimore, Md. ; Miranda and Jen- 
nie, at home) ; William Chester, born Oct. 26, 
1850, married Lamanda Rohrbaugh, and re- 
sides at Hampstead, Md. (they have one son, 
John W. C. Stick, who is now professor of 
Latin in the preparatory department of 
Swarthmore College) ; Ed\Vin Chapes, born 
July 15, 1853, died in childhood; Wesley Cal- 
vin was born May 6, 1855; Kynes Ambrose, 
born July 26, 1857, died in childhood; Joanna 
Alice, born Sept. 30, 1859, married Dr. Jacob 
L. Barthold, has one child, Miriam, and resides 
in Perham, Ottertail Co., Minn. Of this fam- 
ily Henrietta, Oliver, Emmaline, Edwin Chapes 
and Kynes Ambrose (all of whom died in 
childhood but Henrietta) are buried in the 
Stone Church cemetery. 

Wesley Calvin Stick was born May 6, 
1855, ™ Codorus township, York Co., Pa., and 
there passed his boyhood on his father's farm, 
attending the public schools and assisting with 
the work at home, the different duties per- 
taining to his father's interests giving him a 
varied experience, to which he added himself 
by teaching in the public schools of Codorus 
township, when he was but fifteen years old. 
His further literary training was received at 
the York County Academy, Washington Uni- 
versity, and the University of New York, he 
receiving his degree of M. D. in 1874, becom- 
ing a registered physician in Pennsylvania and 
Maryland. He took a post graduate course in 
medicine during the winter of 1876-77, Im- 
mediately after graduating in medicine Mr. 
Stick located at his father's home in Codorus 
township, and there he has since resided and 
practiced, having met with gratifying success 
in his chosen profession from the beginning. 
However, he planned to remove in April or 
May of the present year (1906), with his fam- 
ily to Hanover, York Co., Pa., where he will 
continue to practice. Dr. Stick is a member of 
the York County Medical Society (which he 
joined in 1877), the Pennsylvania State Medi- 
cal Society (189s) and the American Medical 
Association (1884). He also \yas a member 
of the Ninth International Medical Congress in 

Dr. Stick's standing in the profession and 
his personal influence in the community are 
sufficient evidence of his value as a man. He 
has taken an active interest in the general wel- 
fare, and particularly in the subject of public 

education. He was virtually the originator of 
the Glenville Academy, in Codorus township, 
and has been president of its board of directors 
throughout the existence of that school, which 
he founded in 1892, and has been very active 
in its success and management. He^ has been 
the life and center of the school all this time, 
collecting the money necessary for its support,^ 
obtaining teachers, etc., and has developed the 
academy into one of the first schools of its ciass 
in the State. Dr. Stick has been a director of 
the First National Bank of New Freedom since 
its organization. He is a member of the Re- 
formed Church, and is a Democrat in politics. 
On Jan. 27, 1881, Dr. Stick was married 
to Mary Agnes Wentz, who was born Oct. i, 
i860, a daughter of Edward R. Wentz, of 
Manheim township, York county, whose an- 
cestors came from the Palatinate, Germany; 
her mother, whose maiden name was IMargaret 
Couldron, was from New Oxford, Adams Co., 
Pa., and of English descent. Mr. Stick has one 
brother. Dr. A. C. Wentz, of Hanover, Pa., and 
three deceased sisters : Lamanda Elisabeth, 
Margaret and Amelia. From this union three 
children have been born : Henry Wentz Stick, 
Nov. 20, 1881 ; Edward Wentz Stick, Oct. 24, 
1884; and Margaret Stick, April 25, 1886. 
Henry W. is a graduate of the Glenville Aca- 
demy, 1897, and he graduated at Franklin and 
Marshall College in June, 1901, receiving the 
A. B. degree; later he entered the Johns Hop- 
kins University. Edward W. graduated from 
the Glenville Academy in 1900, and the same 
'year entered Franklin and Marshall College, 
in Lancaster, Pa., where he graduated in June,i 
1904, receiving the A. B. degree. In the fall 
of the same year he was elected principal of the 
high school of Yeagertown, Mifflin Co., Pa., 
where he remained one year, entering the Med- 
ical Department of the Johns Hopkins Uni- 
versity in the fall of 1905. Margaret gradu- 
ated from the Glenville Academy, now Codo- 
rus township high school, in June, 1903, and 
is now specializing in music. She prepared 
herself (under private tutors) for the musical 
department of Peabody Institute, Baltimore, 
Md., where she has been studying for the last 
two years. 

ARRAM FLEMMING. of Franklin town- 
ship. York countv. is descended from Scotch- 
Irish ancestrv. He was born in Carroll town- 



ship, York county, July 21, 1836, son of 
Abram, Sr., and Susannah (Cochhn) Flem- 
ming, and grandson of Timothy Flemming. 

Timothy Flemming came to this country 
from Ireland and settled in Perry county, Pa., 
where he engaged in agricultural pursuits un- 
til his death, the date of which is not known. 
He had these children : Timothy ; John ; 
Frederick; Elizabeth (Beelman) ; Abram; 
Sarah (Gear) ; and Mary (Strine). 

Abram Flemming, Sr., father of Abram, 
was born in Cumberland Co., Pa., where he ob- 
tained a common school education. When a 
young man he eng^^ged in driving teams to 
Philadelphia and Baltmiore, and after several 
years accumulated enough money to purchase 
a farm in Carroll township, which he operated 
until his death in 1873, he being then sixty- 
nine years old. His wife passed away in 1862, 
in her fifty-fifth year. They were the parents 
of five children, as follows : Mary Ann, John, 
Abram,, Samuel and Susan. Our subject's 
mother was a member of the United Brethren 
Church, and was a very devout Christian wo- 

Abram Flemming, son of Abram, was edu- 
cated in the common schools in Carroll town- 
ship, and at Dillsburg, Prof. Heiges being his 
teacher for a time. When a young man he 
taught school for five terms, but he later turned 
his attention to farming, and is now the posses- 
sor of two fine farms in Franklin township, de- 
voting his time to general farming and stock- 

Mr] Flemming was married, in 1864, to 
Miss Catherine Diller, daughter of Samuel Dil- 
ler, and four children have been born to this 
union : Catherine, John, Irvin and Martha. 
Mr. Flemming is a member of the Church of 
God, in which he has been elder and superin- 
tendent of the Sunday-school, the house where 
he worships having been built principally by 
him. A Democrat politically he held the of- 
fice of school director for six years, was au- 
■ ditor, and at one time supervisor. He is very 
highly esteemed, and has many friends. 

ELMER E. WENTZ. Receiving under 
the supervision of his father, one of the suc- 
cessful merchants of Hanover, a valuable and 
extensive training in mercantile pursuits, El- 
mer E. Wentz has in comparatively recent 
years commenced for himself a career among 
the prominent business men of that citv that 

has in it the promise of marked success. He is. 
a dealer in dry goods, carpets and notions, with 
a store that is centrally located, and with a 
stock of goods that is modern in every respect. 
He was born in Hanover, i\pril 22, 1861, son 
of Valentine R. and Adeline (Orr) Wentz. 

Valentine R. Wentz, who is still livings 
was born in Manheim township, June 30, 
1834. His wife, Adeline Orr, was born in 
York county in 1840, daughter of James and 
Elizabeth (Waltman) Orr; she died in 1902. 
Three children were born to Valentine R. and 
Adeline Wentz : Allen H., a jeweler in Balti- 
more, Md. ; Bertha E., wife of L. H. HofT- 
acker, of Hanover; and Elmer E. 

Elmer E. Wentz was educated in the pub- 
lic schools of Hanover. His first employment, 
at the end of his school days, was in the office 
of the Hanover Herald, where he learned the 
printer's trade, continuing in that employment 
for three years. He then entered his father's 
store, and continued with him until 1899, in 
which year he started in business for himself, 
purchasing and establishing a new stock of 
dry goods, carpets and notions at the corner of 
the Square and Baltimore street, which is not 
only a central location, but had been known 
for many years as the site of a thriving busi- 
ness house. Mr. Wentz's stock of goods has 
been carefully selected, and since the inaug- 
uration of his venture he has enjoyed a most 
gratifying trade. 

In 1885 Mr. Wentz married Miss Lillian 
K. Stine, of Flanover, daughter of John R. 
and Leah (Smyser) Stine. Six children have 
been born to Mr. and Mrs. Wentz, namely : 
Leah A. ; Irene ; John V. ; Lillian : Bertha ■ 
and William E. Mr. and Mrs. Wentz an 
members of St. Mathew's Lutheran Church. 
Among the fraternal orders, Mr. Wentz is a 
Mason, being affiliated with Patmos Lodge. 
No. 348, F. & A. M. ; Good Samaritan Chap- 
ter, No. 79, R. A. M., Gettysburg: and Gettys- 
burg Commandery, No. 19, K. T. 

SAMUEL B. HOKE, postmaster and 
merchant at Summit Station, Manheim town- 
ship, York Co., Pa., was born in Oxford town- 
ship, Adams Co., Pa., in 1839. son of David 
and Barbara Bechtel and grandson of George 

George Hoke was born in Jackson town- 
ship, York Co., Pa., where he carried on farm- 
ing all of his life. He died from an accident 



while working among his stock. He married 
Catherine Stambaugh, and both are buried in 
the old burying ground west of Spring Grove. 
Their children were : Solomon, who was a 
farmer in Cumberland county, along the Yel- 
low Breeches Creek, for some forty years, and 
then removed to West Virginia, where he died ; 
David; Casper, who died leaving a widow and 
children: Mrs. William Menges (at Mc- 
Sherrystown, Adams Co.), Mrs. Reaver 
(2\Ienges Mills, York Co.), George and 
Emanuel (Abbottstown, Adams Co.) ; Sam- 
uel, who died at Frederick, Md. ; George, 
who inherited the old farm in Jack- 
son township, and died there, his son 
George — the third of the name, now own- 
ing the farm; Magdalena, who married 
Andrew Hershey, and died at Spring Grove; 
Rebecca, who married Jonas Rebbert (who 
died about twelve years ago), and now lives at 
the Penn Grove camp grounds in Heidelberg 
township ; and Katie, widow of Edward Re- 
bert and residing in York. 

David Hoke, son of George and father of 
Samuel B., was born Dec. 24, 1805, and he 
died Aug. 17, 1873. He married Barbara 
Bechtel, who was born May 24, 1807, and 
lived to be ninety-two years old, dying March 
20, 1900. They had these children: Susan, 
born Jan. 5, 1832, died when sixteen years old; 
Rebecca, born July 16, 1833, of Hanover; 
Isaac, born April 26, 1835, died aged thirteen 
3'ears; David Jr., born Nov. 13, 1836, married 
(first) Louisa Carl, and (second) Annie 
Slagel, and resides at Hanover; Samuel B., 
born Jan. 28, 1839; George, born March 12, 
1 841, died aged seven years; Abraham, born 
Jan. 31, 1843, married Josephine King, now 
deceased, and lives retired in York street, Han- 
over; Barbara, born June 5, 1845, died aged 
seven years; Michael, born Feb. 11, 1847/ 
died aged five years ; Solomon, born March 
27, 1849, married Amelia King, has two chil- 
dren, Emma, wife of Howard Bair, of Han- 
over, and Ruhel, and is in the cigar box manu- 
facturing business with his son Ruhel and son- 
in-law, Howard Bair, at Hanover. 

David Hoke went to Adams county in 
young manhood, and the greater part of his 
life was passed there carrying on large farm- 
ing interests. Later he retired to Hanover 
where the closing years of his life were spent 
and where he died aged seventy years. 

Samuel B. Hoke was educated in the 

schools of Oxford township and remained with 
his father, assisting in the management of the 
farm, until he was twenty-six years of age, 
when he married and for the next seven years 
farmed on shares. In 1870 he came to Alan- 
heim township, and bought the farm he now 
crwns, a tract of 120 acres of well improved 
land, situated at Summit Station, bordering 
the Western Maryland railroad. Here he 
erected a substantial building which he stocked 
with general merchandise, and he has con- 
tinued successfully to carry on this enterprise 
until the present. In 1880 the postoffice of 
Hokes was established, and he was made the 
tirst postmaster, still holding the office. In 
addition to his other interests he handles 
grain, phosphates, and almost any commodity 
needed by the farmers, or their families, in 
this section. Since 1900 he has given up 
active farming, his other business requiring 
all his attention. He has built a fine residence 
at Summit Station, and is one of the popular 
and much esteemed citizens of this part of the 

Mr. Hoke was united in marriage with 
Barbara Hershey, daughter of John and Nancy 
(Sprenkle) Hershey, an old family here. She 
died in 1885, and was buried at Hanover. 
They had these children: Franklin H., who 
married Ellen Luckenbaugh, and is farming 
in West Manheim township; Samuel H., who 
married Annie Grote, and lives at Glen Rock; 
Edward J., who married Mary Roades, and 
fives near Millersville, Lancaster county; 
Georgiana, her father's devoted housekeeper, 
a most estimable lady; Vertir K., who married 
S. P. Bange, and is assistant postmaster at 
Hokes, and is telegraph operator at Summit 
(B. & H. Div. of W. Md. R. R.), a position 
he has occupied since boyhood ; Albert, who 
married Maggie Albright, and is a steno- 
grapher at Tacoma, Wash. ; and Martin J., of 
Baltimore. Politically Mr. Hoke is neutral, 
voting independently. He has served as 
school director for some years. He Avas a . 
leading member of the Reformed Church at 
Hanover and now belongs at Lazarus, Md. 
Among the representative citizens of Manheim 
township, he occupies a prominent place. 

BETZ. The written history of the Betz 
fnmilv begins with the year 1688, when John 
George Betz was born in JMannheim, Ger- 
manv. Records of earlier dates were de- 

'/////<<'■' '^ pV! 



stroyecl during the troublous times of the per- 
iod. Earher generations of the family were en- 
gaged in the stone business, which was a large 
factor in the building trade from remote per- 
iods. Owing to financial reverses John George 
Betz, although advancing in years, set his face 
toward the New World to make a fresh start 
in life, more especially for the benefit of his 
family. His marriage had taken place com- 
paratively late in life. He was a man of strong 
resolution and self-reliance. Leaving the tra- 
ditions of the Fatherland behind him at the ex- 
pense of many pecuniary and social sacrifices, 
he descended the Rhine to Rotterdam, and set 
sail for America, landing at Philadelphia in 
1746. He moved to what is now known as 
Schoeneck, but then called the wilderness of 
Northern Lancaster County, in Pennsylvania. 
This region was then in the township of Co- 
calico, which has since been subdivided into 
several smaller ones. This portion of Lan- 
caster county was embraced in the New Red 
Sandstone formation, which passes somewhat 
diagonally through the State, and its course 
all through its extent is marked by sandstone 
houses and barns. The first headstones erected 
in the earlier graveyards were of sandstone. 
Many of the earlier graves remained un- 
marked, owing to pressing necessities among 
the living. Through lapse of time the duty to 
the dead in many cases remained unfulfilled. 
After a period of well on to two hundred 
years, in many cases much sooner, the inscrip- 
tions on these stones have become almost 
wholly effaced. John George Betz and the 
male members of his family followed their 
hereditary calling, adapting themselves to the 
exigencies of a new country. Much of their 
handiwork in its various form and lines is 
pointed out to this day. The patriarch Betz 
had six stalwart sons, all of whom rendered 
him implicit obedience. They made many 
sacrifices, accounts of which have come down, 
and are in the hands of their descendants. 

One of the sons, Peter Betz, who was torn 
in 1749, enlisted as a drummer in the Revolu- 
tion. He accompanied Washington's army 
across the Delaware, and was in the attack 
upon Trenton, where he met with a narrow 
escape, his drum being shot to pieces. He re- 
enlisted after the expiration of his time, and 
was with the army at Brandywine and Ger- 
mantown, and was in the encampment during 

the trying winter at \'alley Forge. Owing to 
the scarcity of provisions and clothing the 
soldiers would torage for supplies whenever 
opportunity offered. On one occasion Peter 
and a comrade visited the turkey yard of a 
noted Tory and appropriated a choice turkey 
for themselves. The Tory traced the perpe- 
trators, and came to the encampment to state 
his grievance to Washington in person. The 
General promised to look into the matter, and 
the accused were called to headquarters, where 
the Commander-in-chief dilated upon the 
enormity of the offense and wound up with 
the following admonition : "My children, 
you can steal turkeys if you feel that you need 
them, but please keep the fact away from me, 
for if I am made aware of it I will be forced to 
punish you." Peter used to say that he trembled 
with apprehension while in the presence of 
Washington, but after the latter had finished 
his lecture he quietly asked them to send him 
some of the turkey, when they felt relieved. 
They sent the General a choice portion, which, 
it was reported, the great man ate with relish. 
Since the offense was in being found out, they 
took g'ood care, in future depredations on Tory 
supplies, that no fault should be found in this 
direction to get them into trouble. 

John George Betz, the emigrant head of 
the house, died in 1793, reaching the great age 
of one hundred and five years. He and hi^ 
family were members of the Muddy Creek 
Lutheran congregation, which was organized 
in 1730. His remains were interred in the 
large burying ground of the Congregation. 
His son Peter died in 1848. aged ninety-nine 
years. Another son and namesake, John 
George Betz, of the second generation in 
America, was born in 1750, and died in 1826, 
aged seventy-six years. He was buried at 
\Miite Oak cemetery, about ten miles north- 
west of Muddy Creek church, where he re- 
moved during the Revolution. He and his 
wife Magdalena are buried in the center of 
this burying-ground, in which at least three 
thousand interments have been made. The 
White Oak Lutheran Reformed Church was 
erected in 1735, and was replaced by a second 
building in 1832. Franklin Chest tombs of 
sandstone were erected over their graves by 
their grandson, George Betz. son of ^Michael 
Betz. the latter being of the third generation. 
L'ntil 1847 "ot a sing'le marble headstone nor 



monument was to be seen in this cemetery. 
The first marble stone was erected over the re- 
mains of the widow of Michael Betz in 1847, 
by her son, George Betz. The marble head- 
stones have now become so numerous that the 
sandstones are hardly noticeable. The re- 
maining brothers removed to distant regions, 
and the name with its peculiar orthography has 
become widespread. 

Michael Betz, of the third generation, was 
a son of John George Betz (2) and was born 
in 1776 at White Oak, where he died in 1824, 
aged forty-seven years. 

George Betz, son of Michael and a repre- 
sentative of the fourth generation in America, 
was born in 1812. He did a large business in 
the sandstone and marble industry, and was 
also proprietor of the well-known "Union 
Square Hotel" in Lancaster county from 1844 
to 1848. This was before the era of railroads, 
especially before long lines were extended over 
the country. Stock was then brought from the 
West, chiefly from Ohio, in droves. Hotels 
dotted the highways, averaging one to every 
mile. From three to five droves stopped at a 
hotel nightly during the season, the farmers in 
the vicinity making a business of furnishing 
pasture to drovers. The hotel prices for en- 
tertainment, which were regulated by custom, 
were very moderate in those days. 

In 1849 George Betz and his family re- 
moved to Ohio, locating in the Western Re- 
serve. The journey was made by canal, a dis- 
tance of thirty miles being covered in a day 
and a night. The start was made from Colum- 
bia, Pa., at sundown, and sometime during 
the next morning the travelers passed through 
Harrisburg, which was then a town of less 
than six thousand inhabitants.' At Hollisdays- 
burg, which is now six miles from Altoona 
f which did not then exist, nor was the Penn- 
sylvania railroad built across the mountains), 
the boats were floated on trucks, and drawn by 
stationary engines up five inclined planes, as- 
cending, and lowered down five inclined planes, 
descending. This railroad across the Alle- 
ghanies was thirty-six miles in length, and 
terminated at Johnstown, where the journey 
by canal was resumed by the same boat, to 
Pittsburg. The boat was then towed down 
the Ohi-o river by steamboat to Beaver, where 
the canal was again taken, the journey being 
pursued by way of Canton, Akron and Massil- 

lon, where it terminated. Thence — some fifty 
miles further — the trip was continued by 
wagons. The whole trip required from May 
2 to May 18, 1848, a period of sixteen days, 
the distance being 400 miles. The return trip 
was made ten years later by railroad in eigh- 
teen hours. Before the days of the canal 
many travelers made the journey on foot. 
"Movings," as they were termed, were made 
by wagon. In fact, during the forties and fif- 
ties the roads from May till September were 
lined from morning till night by what were 
later termed " prairie schooners." Thus the 
Great West was peopled in earlier days. Later 
the railroads went ahead of the settlers. In 
the thirties and forties Northern Ohio was a 
comparatively new country and was known as 
"the West." Even now our extreme Western 
States and Territories hardly present as many 
indications of newness as Northern Ohio did 
in those days. The country was heavily tim- 
bered, and had only been opened to settlement 
after the second war with Great Britain, some 
twenty or thirty years previously. In 1848 
the traces of primitive settlement were still 
strongly in evidence. All buildings, such as 
they were, were constructed of oak timber. No 
sawmills existed. Iron was heavy, and not 
easily transported, and besides the means of 
the settlers did not permit it. Hardware, in- 
cluding nails, was used sparingly, and it was 
curious to observe how necessity became the 
mother of invention. The heavy growth of 
timber and great abundance of nuts caused 
game to be plentiful. The younger men be- 
came adepts in the uses of the' axe and the rifle. 
Log-rollings and quiltings afforded an outlet 
to the social instincts of life. The countn,- was 
largely peopled by New Englanders, and was 
often called "New Connecticut." In fact, it 
was often said that a streak of Yankeedom ran 
all the 'way from Connecticut to Nebraska in 
this latitude., and after due consideration it 
would seem that there was a large element of 
truth in the assertion. The New Englanders 
made their impress upon the community. 
They founded and encouraged good schools, 
which were very effective. In those days all 
school visitors were "loaded'up" with speeches, 
and no visit was complete unless the visitor 
was heard from. A stock assertion was that 
if the "scholars" were faithful and industrious 
thev might some dav become Presidents of the 



United States ! It would seem the orators 
builded better than they knew, since the Re- 
serve furnished three Presidents, two out of 
the same regiment, the 23d Ohio, through 
Hayes and McKinley, while Garfield com- 
manded the 42d Ohio. Probably more might 
have been supplied, but the truth remains there 
was not "enough to go around." The West- 
ern Reserve contained many men who later 
became conspicuous in public life, among 
whom may be named Senator William B. Alli- 
son, of Iowa; Mayor Strong, of New York 
City; Judge Peter S. Grosscup, of Chicago; 
the Studebaker Brothers, of South Bend, Ind. ; 
George Kennan, the Siberian writer and trav- 
eler; Wilson Shannon, the earlier Territorial 
Governor of Kansas; John Brown, who later 
became noted on the plains of Kansas and in 
the mountains of Virginia; and many others. 

The southern part of Ohio produced the 
cattle which supplied the eastern markets. 
The northern part supplied the sheep, the rais- 
ing and shearing of which, with droving to the 
East, became a noted business. It required 
from thirty-five to forty days and more, at 
times, to take a drove of sheep from there to 
eastern Pennsylvania. They traveled very 
slowly, on the average not more than eight to 
ten miles daily. To deliver a drove in the 
East in good condition required good judg- 
ment and care. Cattle traveled much faster, 
and were not so easily overdriven. Turkey 
droving required care and short days, since 
if driven too late in the day the turkeys would 

George Betz dealt largely in stock, es- 
pecially horses and sheep. The exercising of 
the former afforded great pleasure to his sons, 
while the droving of sheep to the East left 
vivid recollections. During one of their trips 
the father bought the brownstone quarry and 
farm at Goldsboro, York Co., Pa., of Mr. 
Symington, of Baltimore, and removed there 
with his family during 1857. He worked the 
business properly until the commencement of 
the Civil war, when everything in the building 
line had to yield to the preservation of the 
Union. He also had an interest in the Hum- 
melstown sandstone quarry in its early days. 
His practical knowledge of the stone business, 
as applied, to the arts, was large and varied, 
and his judgment seldom went amiss in rela- 
tion thereto, ^^'hile still in Ohio, during the 

decade of the fifties, the sons became interested 
in the Anti-slavery movement and the Under- 
ground Railroad. Reform ideas were con- 
stantly at work on the Reserve. They be- 
came readers of the Columbus Ohio State 
Journal, which teemed with the accounts and 
fomentation aroused by the Christiana tragedy, 
which occurred in Lancaster county. Pa. They 
also were introduced to Greeley's New York 
Tribune, Garrison's Liberator, and the Anti- 
Slavery Bugle, of Salem, Columbiana Co., 
Ohio, which sounded in no uncertain tones. 

George Betz married Rebecca Hummer, 
daughter of Jacob and Rebecca (Freimeier) 
Hummer, and they became the parents of four 
sons and two daughters, who were all given 
good educational advantages. George Betz 
died in Mechanicsburg, Cumberland Co., Pa., 
iin 1885, aged seventy-three years, and his 
wife passed away in Lewisberry, York Co., 
Pa., in 1871, aged sixty years. 

Jacob Hummer was a son of John George 
Hummer, was born at New Holland, Lancaster 
Co., Pa., in 1758, and died at White Oak, Pa., 
in 1854, aged ninety-six years. His wife, Re- 
becca Freimeier, passed away in 18 15, aged 
thirty-eight years. One of their daughters, 
Catherine Hummer, married a nephew of Dr. 
Benjamin Rush, of Philadelphia. The Frei- 
meiers were people of note, and lived at New 
Holland, Lancaster county, where they settled 
at the time of their emigration from Germany. 
Several members of the family had attained 
important positions in official life before re- 
moving from the Fatherland. 

Dr. Israel H. Betz, son of George, 
was born in Penn township, Lancaster Co., 
Pa., Dec. 16, 1 84 1. When he was six years 
old his parents removed to Ashland, Ohio, 
where he was reared. He was given good edu- 
cational advantages and did not neglect them, 
later becoming a teacher in the public schools 
of York and Lancaster counties. He also at- 
tended the Cumberland Valley Institute, con- 
ducted by I. D. Rupp, the local historian, and 
A. F. Mullin, and later for several years at- 
tended the Normal School at Millersville. In 
1865 he commenced the study of medicine 
with Dr. William E. Swiler, in Yocumtown, 
York county, and later attended the Jefferson 
^iledical College, at Philadelphia, graduating 
in 1868. He located in Cumberland county 
and practiced there continuously a quarter of 



a century, and now lives in York, whither he 
removed from the Cumljerland Valley, antl 
where he is still engaged in the practice of 
medicine. He is a member of the York County 
Medical Society and of the State Medical So- 
ciety of Pennsylvania. He is a member of the 
York County Historical Society and of the 
Kansas State Historical Society. All his life 
he has been a student and a lover of literature, 
and has written much for publication. He has 
accumulated a large library, rich in works on 
medicine, science, philosophy and general lit- 
erature, to which notwithstanding a busy life 
he has given much attention. His pen has 
given to the world a number of volumes on 
Genealogy, which required great labor and re- 
search. Local history has interested him in 
every locality in which he resided. 

In 1869 Dr. Betz was married to Miss Re- 
becca F. Weitzel, daughter of John and Nancy 
(Fisher) Weitzel, the former of whom lived 
in Fairview township, York county, and died 
during Mrs. Betz's infancy. Her mother died 
some years ago in Springetsbury township, 
York county, reaching almost ninety years of 

John Weitzel, her parental grandfather, 
was of Dauphin county, and he was survived 
by his widow, Christina (Marsh) Weitzel, 
who was born in 1777 and died in 1850. She 
was buried in the Weitzel plot at Salem 
United Brethren Church, in Fishing Creek 

John Weitzel, father of Mrs. Dr. Betz, 
was one of the original members of Salem 
Church, and was also the first person to be 
buried in its cemetery on the completion of 
the church, in 1844, i" the erection of which 
he had taken a very active part. 

Gottlieb Fisher, the maternal great-grand- 
father of Mrs. Dr. Betz, was an early settler 
of Fishing Creek Valley in York county. From 
Gottlieb Fisher and his wife, Ursula Fisher, 
sprang a large number of descendants in the 
upper end of the county, many of whom have 
removed to distant localities. His son David 
Fisher was the grandfather of Mrs. Betz. 
Seven generations of the Fisher family have 
been residents of York county. 

Another of the sons of George Betz was 
Reuben Betz, a resident of Newberry town- 
ship, the deed to whose farm is, perhaps, thus 
far the oldest in the York County Historical 

Society, bearing the date of 1735. His house, 
built of sandstone as early as 1780, was the 
scene of a thrilling occurrence about 1830. It 
was a station on the "Underground Railroad," 
and a fugitive slave being secreted under its 
hospitable roof the house was searched from 
cellar to garret, by the slave catchers, after 
they had traced their "property." The fugitive, 
Ijeing driven to the garret, jumped out of the 
east window, a height of twenty-two feet. He 
ran, but was brought to the ground by heavy 
fowling-pieces, sixteen buckshot striking him. 
They were extracted, and the fugitive was 
taken back to Virginia as a warning to curb 
the aspirations of freedom in the breasts of 
others. But he died of his wounds later. 

George Betz, of the fifth generation, son 
of George Betz, lives in Solomon Valley, 
Kans., and is a prosperous farmer and stock 
grower. Earlier in life he was a teacher. His 
son, Getorge Betz, Jr., represents the sixth 

Milton Betz, son of George Betz, resides 
near Dover, and is a successful fruit grower. 
One of his sons has become a resident of Nome 
City, Alaska. 

Mrs. Eliza Garretson, daughter of George 
Betz, died in Newberry township some years 
ago, after a long affliction, in which she was 
tenderly cared for and nursed by her husband, 
Jacob Garretson. 

The remaining sister, Hattie, was for a 
number of years a teacher in Newberry town- 
ship, but for a long time has been an invalid. 

Six generations of the Betz family have 
descended from the original settler, John 
George Betz, and each generation save one has 
had a namesake of the original progenitor, al- 
though the name, John George, has given way 
to George. 

Much can be said about the origin of sur- 
names, and it has been remarked that the man 
who could, give the origin of geographical and 
biographical names would know more about a 
country and its people than any other who has 
ever lived. That is probably true, were it pos- 
sible, still the pursuit and study of the subject 
is a matter of rare interest and fascination. As 
regards general biographical history, the time 
must come when all researches in this direction 
will be treasured as rare and valuable acquisi- 
tions by those who will live in the future. 
Ever}" scrap of family history will be eagerly 



scanned by the descendants of past generations, 
and such biographical collections as are em- 
braced in volumes like the present, though 
necessarily brief, will have an important value. 
The present generation would do a noble work 
in making scrap books relating to personal and 
genealogical traits, and transmitting them to 
posterity. Newspapers bound in volumes 
would be a valuable acquisition if such volumes 
were preserved and handed down to the future. 
Owing to necessary and unavoidable changes 
which occur in the personnel of communities 
such collections too often become lost and 
scattered. • Historical Societies established 
and supported would overcome the difficulty in 
part, as everything of rare historic or per- 
sonal interest should be preserved for future 

America is destined to have a glorious his- 
tory, and it is precisely in the direction to 
which we have alluded that the greatest inter- 
est will focus. It is so in the careers of indi- 
viduals who rise to celebrity. We turn to their 
earlier years, and the most trite and common- 
place incidents become invaluable. Lincoln, 
Garfield and McKinley are cases in point of 
illustration. In a country so widely extended 
as the United States, where constant removals 
are occurring, unless some such means are put 
in requisition it will be extremely difficult to 
trace relationships after a great lapse of time. 
European countries have possessed certain ad- 
vantages which are not possible under our in- 
stitutions. Removals there from one country 
to another are comparatively rare and there- 
fore produce no perceptible changes. The 
preservation of parish records, in which much 
of the population figures, often throws much 
light upon genealogical descent. But while 
such countries afford great facilities for re- 
search it must be frankly admitted that their 
subjects do not afford striking instances of 
favorable changes in worldly conditions to the 
extent they do in the United States. We stand 
upon the threshold of a mighty future, in 
whicb great possibilities are involved. This 
pertains not only to the aggregate, but to the 
individual unit, as is becoming more and more 
evident. Formerly the aggregate counted for 
much, the .unit very little. All has been 
changed by the growing intelligence of the 
age and its marvelous achievements, in which 
the individual has taken a leading part. This 

is the outcome of free institutions, based on 
intelligence, and fostered and awakened by 
popular education. Unless the dial of progress 
is turned backward by some great moral con- 
vulsion, we believe that the coming Republic 
of Republics will crystallize, and become a fac- 
tor in the economy of the world. 

ADAM S. SEITZ (deceased) was born 
in Shrewsbury township, Feb. 5, 1826, son of 
Rev. John Seitz, a local minister in the Evan- 
gelical Church, born March 22, 177S. 

Rev. John Seitz died July 4, 1856, aged 
seventy-eight years, three months and twelve 
days. His wife, Eva Stabler (now Stabley), 
tO' whom he was married March 10, 1801, was 
born March 18, 1785,, and died Oct. 3, 1856, 
aged seventy-one years, six months and six- 
teen days. They followed farming in Shrews- 
bury township, and were interred at Mt. Zion 
cemetery in Springfield township, near the 
Shrewsbury township line. They had chil- 
dren: Samuel, born Jan. 30, 1802; Daniel, 
born April 26, 1803, a sketch of whom will be 
found elsewhere; Jacob, born Feb. 21, 1805, 
died Jan. 2, 1894, aged eighty-eight years, ten 
months and eleven days ; Catherine, born July 
4, 1806; Elizabeth, born Sept, 14, 1808: 
George, born Oct. 20, 1810; Samuel, born Dec. 
28, 181 1, died May 23, 1893, aged eighty-one 
years, one month and twenty-one days ; Chris- 
tine, born July 4, 1813; John, born Sept. 24, 
1814; Joseph, born March 16, 1816: Noah, 
born May 22, 1817; Magdalena, born June 16, 
1819; Catherine, born Aug. 24, 182 1 ; Adam; 
and Benjamin, born May 15. 1827. 

Adam S. Seitz spent his early life in 
Shrewsbury township, where he engaged in 
farming, later locating in Springfield township. 
He married Marian Miller, born Feb. 17, 1830, 
daughter of Michael Miller. They purchased 
the old Daniel Ludwig farm of 115 acres, in 
Shrewsbury township, near the line of Spring- 
field township, and there Mr. Seitz died Feb. 
12, 1905. aged seventy-nine years, seven days, 
and was buried at Mt. Zion's Church in Spring- 
field township. His children were : Malinda, 
who died young; Sarah, who also died 
young; Sophia, wife of Frank Good- 
ling, deceased ; Celesta ; Cathnrine F. ; Mel- 
vina; Ida, wife of George Miller of York; J. 
Edwin, a clerk in the York postoffice; Seth G., 
who attended the York Countv Academv, the 



\\'estchester Normal School, and taught eleven 
years in Shrewsbury township; one that died 
in infancy; and Irene, who taught school in 
Shrewsbury township. 

Politically Mr. Seitz was a Republican. On 
Oct. lo, 1862, he enlisted in Company B, unat- 
tached regiment, under Capt. Edwin J. 
Luthers, and was in the service until July 12, 
1863. In his religious belief he was a member 
of the Evangelical Church, in which he always 
took an active part. 

family long settled in York county. He is a 
grandson of Jacob Gable, who is mentioned 

Jacob Gable, father of John Wesley, was 
a native of Chanceford township, York coun- 
ty, where he was born early in the nineteenth 
century. He had little schooling, and began 
his life work of tarming in his boyhood. His 
marriage to Anna Maria Jackson took place in 
Upper vVindsor, York county, and they set- 
tlea on the farm where they passed the re- 
mainder of their lives. They were Evangelical 
in their religious faith, and lived to a good old 
age. Mrs. Gable died in 1892, at the age 01 
seventy-nine, and her husband in 1893, at the 
age of eighty-two. Their children were as 
follows : Elizabeth, who married Henry 
Kreidler, of Jacobus, York county; Priscilla, 
who married John Snyder, and died in York 
township; Samuel, who married Amanda 
Overmiller, and lived at Loganville, York 
■county; Mary, who married William Lehman, 
of York county; Jacob, who married Barbara 
Dehoff; John Wesley, who is mentioned be- 
low; Sarah, who married William Shearer, of 
York; Amanda, who married J. S. Billet, of 
York; and George F., who married Melinda 
Hively, and lives in Hellam, a sketch of whom 
appears elsewhere. Jacob Gable, father of this 
family, was all his life a stanch adherent of 
the Republican party. 

Anna Maria (Jackson) Gable, wife of 
Jacob, was a daughter of Abraham and Pris- 
-cilla (Clayton) Jackson, both natives of Mary- 
land, and the latter of English descent. Abra- 
ham Jackson was born Nov. 20, 1783, was a 
soldier in the Mexican war, and at its close 
moved from Maryland to Upper Windsor, 
York county, where he spent the rest of his 

life. He was a famous wood chopper in his 
day, and could cut and split more wood in a 
given time than any other man in the region. 
He lived to be ninety-two years of age, and his 
wife reached the age of ninety, both dying at 
the home of their son-in-law, Jacob Gable, 
where they had lived for nearly a quarter of 
a century. They had the following children: 
Abraham, who died young; Anna Maria, born 
April 18, 1813, who married Jacob Gable; 
Henrietta, born May 2, 181 5,. who died in 
childhood ; Joseph Addison, born April 22, 
181 7, who died in Millersburg, Pa.; Granville, 
born May 22, 1819, who was a minister of the 
Gospel, and died in Springfield township, York 
county; Mary, who married Levi Knaub, and 
died in Upper Windsor township; Priscilla, 
born Sept. 25, 1823, who married John Wal- 
ker, and died in York ; Hannah, bom Dec. 6, 
1825, who married John Fried, and lives in 
Spring Garden, York county; William, de- 
ceased, who was born Oct. 16, 1826; and John, 
born Dec. 9, 1830, who died in Allegheny City, 

John Wesley Gable was born on the home 
farm in Upper Windsor, June 4, 1844, and as 
a child attended school in that township. When 
a mere boy he could do a man's work at crad- 
ling and binding wheat and oats, holding his 
own with the best. At the age of fourteen he 
left home and went to work as a clerk in the 
store of Alexander Blessing, at Hellam, where 
he remained a year, and during the following 
three years held a position as clerk with M. W. 
Bahn, in his store and freight room connected 
with the postoffice at New Freedom. With 
the money earned in that way he was enabled 
to spend six months in study with Messrs. 
Heiges & Boyd, of York, then went to 
Poughkeepsie, N. Y., and took a course in the 
Eastman Business College. Returning to the 
employ of Mr. Bahn for another two years, he 
next came back to Hellam, and went into busi- 
ness with J. A. Blessing in the same store 
where he had begun life as a clerk. The part- 
nership continued a year, after which Mr. 
Gable took entire charge of the business for 
four years. He then leased the store for five 
years, but there being only a verbal agreement 
Mr. Blessing, at the end of the second year, 
refused to allow him the further use of the 
building. Mr. Gable, who had just com- 



pleted a fine residence, was not anxious to 
build a new store, and also feared there was 
not enough trade to support two stores in the 
place. In his difficulty he took the advice of a 
iriend, David Stoner, a Dunkard preacher, who 
said to him : "Johnnie, you could always make 
money; go in and win, and build." Mis suc- 
cess has proved the wisdom of this advice. 
For over thirty years Mr. Gable carried on a 
cigar manufacturing business, as well as his 
store, but has now withdrawn from both. 

John Wesley Gable married in Hellam, 
Sept. 25, 1875, Elizabeth M. Hiestand, daugh- 
ter of Henry and Susan (Loucks) Hiestand. 
They have had two children : Susan H., who 
married Harry E. Frank, of York, and is the 
mother of two boys, John Gable and Henry 
Hiestand ; and Chauncey, who died in in- 

Mr. Gable served as postmaster at Hellam 
from 1875 until Cleveland's first administra- 
tion ; he was re-appointed under Harrison ; out 
again during Cleveland's second term; again 
re-appointed by McKinley, and holds the po- 
sition today. When he first became postmaster 
there were two mails a week at his office; he 
soon succeeded in having a daily mail, and in 
less than two years there were two mails each 
day. At present five daily mails are received, 
and six sent out. 

Mr. Gable owns considerable property, in- 
cluding two fine farms, one of 120 acres in 
Hellam township, and one of 114 acres in 
Springetsbury township. He also owns a ten 
acre lot near Hellam, and fifteen acres of 
woodland in Hellam, on which is the historic 
Chimney Rock. He still owns the store which 
he built on the advice of his preacher friend, 
and the house and lot adjoining; he has prop- 
erty in York, on College avenue, and at the cor- 
ner of Girard street and the plank road. In 
Hellam he owns eight fine building lots, and 
his beautiful home is surrounded by four acres 
of ground. 

For three years Mr. Gable served as a 
school director. He is one of the directors of 
the York County Bank, of York, Pa. In 
politics he has always been a Republican. He 
and his wife are earnest workers in the Lu- 
theran Church, of which Mr. Gable is an elder, 
and president and treasurer of the church coun- 
cil. He has been superintendent of the Sun- 
day-school for twenty-five years. 

great competitive struggle of life, where each 
must enter the field and fight his way to the 
front or else be overtaken by disaster of time 
or place, there is ever particular interest at- 
taching to the life of one who has turned the 
tide of success, has proceeded onward in a 
confident and positive way, overcoming dif- 
ficulties and grappling with adverse circum- 
stance, until he has gained the end sought and 
shown his ability to cope with others in their 
rush for the coveted goal. Dr. Minnich has 
been in a significant sense the architect of his 
own fortunes, having been dependent to a large 
extent upon his own resources from his boy- 
hood days, while he has pressed steadily for- 
ward to the mark of the high calling to which 
he set himself, while through his fidelity to 
trust, his deep humanitarian spirit and his defi- 
nite accomplishment in one of the most exact- 
ing of professions, he stands forth as a type 
of that sterling American manhood which our 
nation delights to honor, from the fact that 
honor is due. Dr. Minnich is a scion of stanch 
pioneer stock in York county, with whose an- 
nals the name has been linked for more than a 
century, and in this county he has passed essen- 
tially his entire life thus far, while his stand- 
ing in the community is such as to set at 
naught the application of the Biblical aphorism 
that "a prophet is not without honor save in 
his own country." The genealogical histor}- is 
given elsewhere. 

William Henry Minnich was born in Dal- 
lastown, York township, this county, Sept. 30, 
1864, son of Granville and Mary (Spatz) Min- 
nich, both of whom are deceased, the former 
having died when the Doctor was a child of 
about two years, in 1866, while the devoted 
mother was summoned to the land of the leal 
in 1874, both having passed their entire lives in 
York county, where the father followed the vo- 
cation of laborer until the time of his demise. 

Granville Minnich was born in the year 
1 8 18 and was a son of John and Mary ( Alit- 
chell) Minnich, who also passed their entire 
lives in York county, while of their children 
the following, besides Granville, attained to 
years of maturity : Jonathan and Isaac, who 
died in this county ; Michael, who resides in 
Yorkana, this county ; Susan, wife of Frederick 
Menkedick. of Baden Baden, Germany: and 
Caroline, widow of Harrison Keesey, and re- 
siding in Dallastown, Pa. Regarding the 



brothers and sisters of Mary (Spatz) Min- 
nich, mother of the Doctor, the fohowing data 
are available: Jacob F., William Joshua and 
Benjamin are deceised; Julia is the widow of 
Frederick Fix, and resides in Dallastown; Ly- 
dia is the wife of Tobias Eberley, of Arbor; 
and Elizabeth, who became the wife of 
ariah Taylor, is deceased. To Granville and 
Alary Minnich were born only the two children, 
of whom the elder is John W., the well known 
banker and manufacturer of Dallastown. 

Dr. Minnich was deprived of a father's care 
when he was but two years old, and he was 
but ten years of age when his devoted mother 
was likewise called to the life eternal, so that 
in a large measure he had to shift for himself 
when a mere boy, as did also his brother, who 
has likewise attained to noteworthy success 
and honor. Our subject's early educational 
advantages were meager in scope, being limited 
to a somewhat desultory attendance in the pub- 
lic schools of his native township, but through 
personal application and determinate efforts he 
has not only gained a liberal academic educa- 
tion, but also a high standing in one of the 
learned professions, showing how effectually 
he has overcome the early handicap. In his 
youthful years he attended the public school at 
Adamsville during the winter terms, while in 
the meanwhile he worked at the cigarmaker's 
trade in order to provide for his maintenance. 
Determined to prepare himself for a wider 
plane of endeavor, he bent all his energies to 
the accomplishing of his purpose. In 1885 he 
began reading medicine under the able pre- 
ceptorship of the late Dr. A. P. T. Grove, of 
Dallastown, with whom he remained one year, 
while during 1886 he continued his studies at 
home. In the autumn of 1887 he was matri- 
culated in the Baltimore Medical College, Bal- 
timore, Md., where he completed the prescribed 
technical course. Soon afterward he entered 
the College of Physicians & Surgeons, in the 
same city, where he took two courses, being 
graduated in 1890. and receiving honorable 
mention, together with the supplemental de- 
gree of Doctor of Medicine. Having thus 
fortified himself most effectively for the active 
work of his chosen profession. Dr. Minnich lo- 
cated in Windsorville. York county, in iSoi. 
while in the following year he removed to Ja- 
cobus, where he built up a representative prac- 
tice, continuing his residence there until 1895, 

when he came to Dallastown, where he has 
since maintained his home and professional 
headquarters, and where he has been retained 
as physician to many of the representative fam- 
ilies of that section. He has met with gratify- 
ing success in his labors here, is recognized as 
one of the representative physicians and sur- 
geons of his native county, and is held in high 
esteem in professional, business and social cir- 
cles. The Doctor is a member of the American 
Medical Association and the York County 
Medical Society, while in a social way he is 
affiliated with the Improved Order of Hepta- 
sophs, the Modern Woodmen of America and 
the Fraternal Order of Eagles. In politics he 
is found aligned as a stanch supporter of the 
principles of the Democratic party, and he has 
ever - shown a loyal interest in all that has 
touched the civic and material welfare of his 
home city. He has been active and zealous as 
a member of the Dallastown board of education 
since 1900. 

Dr. Minnich, on May i, 1894. was joined 
in marriage to Miss Elizabeth E. Crist, daugh- 
ter of Michael and Susan (Rohrbaugh) Crist, 
of York New Salem. Two children have 
blessed this union : Janet and Mary. Mrs. 
Minnich is a member of the Reformed Church, 
and the Doctor of the United Brethren. 

GEMMILL. The Gemmills are of a very 
old Scottish line which has been known in the 
western part of Scotland since the year 1200 
A. D. They seem to have been a family of 
strong and courageous nature. History re- 
cords the burning of a Ralph Gemmill at the 
stake during the persecutions of the Christians 
in the old country. A now fallen monument 
erected in Scotland to the memory of Chris- 
tian martyrs who fell July 20, 1680, bears the 
name amongst others of a John Gemmill. The 
first John Gemmill of whom we have any 
record was martyred by Claverhouse at Kil- 
marnock in the latter pa'rt of the 17th century. 

A John Gemmill of the sixth generation 
from this martyred John Gemmill came from 
Kilmarnock, Scotland, about 1750, and settled 
near Carlisle. Pa., where he married Elizabeth 
Porter in 1758. He was a clock and watch- 
maker, having learned his trade in Glasgow, 
Scotland. While living near Carlisle he made a 
beautiful grandfather's clock for William Gem- 
mil, of York county, which still remains at what 



was the old homestead of the latter. On the face 
of this clock is a large raised silver plate, on 
which is handsomely engraved, "John Gem- 
mill, Carlisle, Fecit." Having been burned out 
about 1765, he moved to the Juniata valley, 
and was buried at Lewiston, Pa. His son, the 
seventh: John Gemmill, was born Nov. 12, 
1759. The eldest son was always named John 
to perpetuate the name. 

Capt. Hugh Gemmill, son of Zachariah 
and Janet (McBride) Gemmill, born in Irvine, 
Scotland, in 1766, came to this county when 
quite young. In 1793 he commanded the ship 
"McGilvary," an American vessel, sailing 
from Baltimore. This being at the time of the 
French revolution, and during The Reign of 
Terror, his ship was seized and carried into 
the port at Brest. The owners made claim for 
damages and recently were granted some 
money, under what are known as the French 
Spoliation Claims. Capt. Gemmill afterward 
settled in Somerset county, Md. He married 
(first) Ann Handy, and after her death Jane 
Wilson. Later he moved to Newcastle county, 
Del. He was a stanch Presbyterian elder, and 
was buried in the old churchyard at Christiana, 
Delaware. He had a large family. 

William Gemmill, according to a faint tra- 
dition a brother of the John Gemmill referred 
to previously, was born in Scotland in 1722. 
He came to this country and settled in what is 
now East Hopewell township, York Co., Pa., 
about 1745. We first find him located about 
one mile east of Cross Roads borough. He 
was the progenitor of all the York county 
Gemmills, a family which multiplied rapidly 
and is now scattered throughout the United 
States. In some lines it now reaches to the 
eighth generation. He took out warrants for 
and sold land to a great extent in this county. 
By occupation he was a farmer, and also a 
storekeeper from 1760 to 1780. In 1767 he 
was one of six commissioners appointed to 
erect Hopewell township from Shrewsbury 
township. In 1768 he was a member of the 
board of county commissioners who erected 
the first jail in York county. He was an' officer 
in the French and Indian war, and on Nov. 4, 
1756, was commissioned a lieutenant and 
served under Capt. Andrew Findley, who at 
that time commanded a company of 106 men 
in His Majesty's army. His wife, whose name 
was Jennette, was born in 1725. They both 
died in March. 1789, and were buried in Old 

Guinston gra\-eyard. They had a family of 
seven children, namely: John, Margaret. 
David, Ann, William, James and Robert. Of 
William and Margaret we have no account. 
They did not live to become heirs to their 
father's estate. 

Major Robert Gemmill, the youngest child, 
was born in 1762, and died in 1846. He mar- 
ried Sarah Smith, daughter of William and 
Catherine (Campbell) Smith, both of whom 
came from Scotland and settled about a mile 
north of Cross Roads, about 1760. Major 
Gemmill was the father of ten children. Will- 
iam, the oldest child, was a pupil of Thaddeus 
Stevens in the York County Academy, was 
admitted to the York bar in 181 8, and died 
in 1820. Catherine married Capt. James Wal- 
lace, and had four sons, Robert Gemmill, 
William, John T. and James W., M. D. Ann 
married David Wallace ; their children were 
Robert Gemmill, D. D., Mary, Joseph Gem- 
mill, James David, Margaret and Andrew. 
David married Martha Gemmill and had a 
family of five. Sarah married Moses Rankin 
and had five children. Margaret married 
Andrew Wallace ; they had no children. 
Thomas married Mary Ann Caldwell ; they 
had seven children. John married Jane Ann 
Collins and they had one child. 

James Gemmill, son of William, married 
Sarah Wiley; their children were Mary, Jen- 
nette, William, Joseph, Margaret, James and 
Ann. Joseph was a soldier in the war of 1812 
in Capt. William Allison's company. 

Ann Gemmill, daughter of William, mar- 
ried David Wiley, a major in the war of the- 
Revolution. He was born in 1747. He lived 
on Mason and Dixon's line, between Stewarts- 
town and Center Presbyterian Church, where 
he and his wife are buried. After the war of 
the Revolution he made several trips to Ire- 
land, bringing back Irish linen in exchange 
for some commodity of this country. His 
daughter Jennette married James Edie. Mar- 
garet married David Gemmill, of John. His 
son, David Wiley, inherited the home place, 
and was in the war of 1812, a lieutenant of 
the 1st Brigade, 5th Battalion, Pennsvlvania 
Militia. [In War of 1812, p. 468]. 

David Gemmill, son of William, born in 
1750, married Jane Hepburn. Their children 
were : William, Jennette, George, John, Mar- 
garet, Mary, Thomas and Ann. 

John Gemmill, the oldest of the family of 



William and Jennette, born abont 1745, died 
in 1798. He was twice married and the father 
of twelve children. His first wife was Agnes 
Wallace, daughter of James and Agnes Wal- 
lace, and their children were Margaret, Will- 
iam, James, Jennette, John, David, Agnes and 
Ann. By his second wife, Elizabeth, were 
born . Elizabeth, Mary, Jean, Robert and 
Sarah. Of this family, Margaret, born in 
1770, married Major John Collins, and had 
ten children. William married Martha Edie, 
and they had ten children; their oldest son, 
John, was a soldier in the war of 18 12, from 
Sept. 3, 1814, to March 5, 1815, a private in 
the company of Capt. James McCullough, 5th 
Battalion, ist Brigade, under command of 
Major McFarland. [War of 1812, p. 287]. 
Jennette married William Allison, and twelve 
children were born to them< William Allison 
was captain of a company, in the war of 18 12, 
which was stationecl for a time in York. 
James married Betsy McPherson ; their family 
numbered eleven. David married his cousin, 
Margaret Wiley, and they had nine children. 
Ann married Benjamin Manifold, of Joseph, 
and seven children were born to them in York 
county; they later moved to Washington 
county, Pa. John, grandfather of the writer, 
was born in 1778 and died in 1861 ; he married 
Mary Smith, a daughter of Robert and Mary 
(Leiper) Smith, and a granddaughter of 
James and Mary Leiper; John Gemmill was 
universally respected and beloved ajad was a 
ruling elder in the Hopewell Presbyterian 
Church for more than forty years ; he was the 
father of ten children, namely : Mary, Robert, 
John, Agnes, Martha EHza, William, Mar- 
garet, James Leiper, Sarah and Jennette. 

( I ) Mary married Matthew Grove. They 
had nine children. Their first born, Hepburn 
Grove, was a member of the 87th Pennsyl- 
vania Volunteers in the Civil war and died in 
Anderson\lille prison. (2) Robert married 
Jane Duncan. They had five sons and four 
daughters. The four older sons, William, John, 
Andrew and Smith, were soldiers in the Union 
army during the Civil war from as many dif- 
ferent States. (3) John married Mary Ann 
Earic, of Ohio. They had three sons and two 
daughters. (4) Agnes married Robert Gem- 
mill Wallace. They had no children. (6) 
William married Agnes Proudfit McCalister, 
daughter of John and Jane (Proudfit) Mc- 

Calister. Two sons were born to them, John 
McCalister Ge'jnmill, author of this sketch, 
and William James. The latter married Sue 
M. Jamison, daughter of Rev. Dr. Samuel 
Jamison. Their family consists of four sons 
and one daughter. (8) James Leiper married 
Sarah Jane Freeland. They had five daugh- 
ters and two sons. He and his wife and two 
daughters reside at Freeland, Baltimore Co., 
Md., where he 'started in the merchant busi- 
ness sixty years ago. He was born April 15, 
1817, and married March i, 1849. He has 
always been a stanch Whig and Republican. 
On Jan. 21, 1851, during the administration 
of Zachary Taylor and Nathan K. Hall, P. 
M. G., he was appointed postmaster at Free- 
land. Md., and has held the same continuously 
ever since. This makes Mr. Gemmill the old- 
est postmaster at this time in the United 
States in point of service and probably in years 
also. (9) Sarah married William Kirkwood 
Thompson. They had three sons and one 
daughter. (10) Jennette married William 
Wallace, son of James and Catharine (Gem- 
mill) Wallace. Two sons and two daughters 
were born to this union. 

The homestead of William Gemmill, Sr., 
located two miles south of Cross Roads, and 
purchased by him in 1756, has been in the Gem- 
mill name ever since. William Gemmill, Sr., 
and all his family, except his daughter Ann, 
were buried in the Downing or Old Guinston 

East Hopewell township, York county, is in- 
fluential in its political, business, rehgious and 
social circles. He was born on the farm he 
now operates Jan. 16, 1848. 

Mr. Gemmill received his preliminary 
education in the public schools of his township, 
and supplemented it with a course at Pleasant 
Grove Academy, under Prof. Taggert and 
Robert H. Smith, the latter afterward becom- 
ing a distinguished member of the Baltimore 
( Md. ) Bar. When twenty years of age Mr. 
Gemmill left school and began teaching. He 
became well and fa\'orably known as an edu- 
cator, teaching in the public schools and at 
Murphy's Academy. Mr. Gemmill was also 
a salaried singer in some of Philadelphia's 
leading churches. He had been reared to the 
life of a farmer, but in 1868 migrated to Rock 

/1v. -^e^t^yy^^hi^t^^A 



Island, 111., and secured a clerkship in a hard- 
ware stcre. It had been his intention to make 
that citj^diis home and "grow up with the coun- 
try," but in 1873, his father having" died, he 
was called home. In 1875 he married Eliza- 
beth T. Hamilton, who was born and reared 
in Philadelphia, Pa., and was a lineal- descend- 
ant of Sir William Hamilton, of Scotland. 
Mrs. Gemmill's ancestors came direct from 
Lanarkshire, Scotland, to America. 

Mr. Gemmill spent the years 1875-76 in 
Philadelphia, and a portion of this period was 
engaged in the produce commission business ; 
he then removed to the homestead, upon which 
he has since resided. The farm consists of 125 
acres, one of the most hig-hly cultivated tracts 
in his section of the county. He has also 
greatly interested himself in public afifairs, and 
took a leading part in establishing the first 
rural free delivery route in York county. 

Mr. Gemmill has been very active in Ma- 
sonic circles in York county, his initiation in 
1893 taking place in York Lodge, No. 266, 
F. & A. M. Later he joined Howell Chapter, 
No. 199, York; in 1895 Gethsemane Com- 
mandery , No. 75, York (of which he was 
elected eminent commander in 1906) ; and in 
1902 was admitted and constituted a Noble of 
the Mystic' Shrine in Rajah Temple, A. A. O. 
N. M. S., at Reading, later transferring his 
membership to Zembo Temple, Harrisburg. He 
joined the Round Hill Presbyterian Church in 
East Hopewell township about 1897, and has 
■continuously been one of its most active mem- 
bers. He has served as trustee since that year, 
is a teacher and assistant superintendent of 
the Simday-school, and has been chorister for 
the past thirty years. He is a stanch Repub- 
lican, and for two years he served his township 
as a careful, interested school director. 

To Mr. and Mrs. Gemmill have been born 
the following named children: Anna E., wife 
of Rev. C. G. H. Ettlich, pastor of the Hope- 
well Presbyterian Church, has two children, 
Olga and Alma; William H., of East Hope- 
well township, married ]\Iae ^Manifold, and has 
two children, Wilma and Robert: Albert V., 
who for the past several years has been a pro- 
fessor in the Goldie College, \\ilmington, mar- 
ried Anna F. Smith and they have one child, 
Elizabeth Evelyn; John M.. Jr., is of Phila- 
delphia, Pa. ; Florence attends normal school 
at West Chester, Pa. ; and Roscoe, Chauncey 
and Norman are at home. 

HENRY LUCKING, Sr., a retired brick 
and hme burner of York, Pa., comes from good 
old German stock, and is himself a native of 
Germany, born Sept. 2, 1835. His parents, 
Caspar and Latheruie ( Steinschamp) Lucking, 
both died in Germany, as did our subject's only 
brother. Christian. 

Henry Lucking, Sr., came to America in 
1854, landing at Baltimore, Md., on May i8th 
of that year. He arrived in the morning, and 
in the evening of the same day left for York, 
where he has since resided. His education was 
rather limited, owing to the fact that he was 
obhged to support himself, and his first occu- 
pation was burning limestone, which he fol- 
lowed for one year in York. In 1861 he en- 
gaged in burning lime, a business in which he 
\yas very successful until he retired from active 
life, in 1904, since when he has led a quiet 
life in his handsome residence at No. 115 South 
Water street, York. Mr. Lucking, in connec- 
tion with lime burning, also engaged in burning 
brick for eleven years, and in this business, as 
in the other, he prospered greatly. 

In 1858 Henry Lucking, Sr., was united in 
marriage with Miss :Mary Kottcamp, daughter 
of Frederick Kottcamp, and to this union the 
following children were born: Emma, de- 
ceased, who was the wife of Wesley Hilde- 
brand; Jennie M., at home; Henry, Jr., who is 
in the coal and wool business ; Rose, deceased, 
who married Jacob Keener; Daniel F., a ma- 
chinist residing at No. 1 1 1 South Water street, 
York ; Ellen, the wife of Rev. John Kleffman, 
a U. B. minister now located at Carlisle, Pa.: 
Lillie M. and Mollie F., at home; and Ida, wife 
of John L. Rouse, an attorney of York, who is 
now serving as city solicitor. The mother of 
this family died in 1877. Mr. Lucking was 
married July 28, 1879, to Mrs. Annie Kott- 
camp, widow of Frederick Kottcamp. Mr. and 
Mrs. Lucking are members of the First United 
Brethren Church in York. In politics he is a 

HENRY LUCKING, Jr., a prosperous 
coal and wood dealer of York, whose place of 
business is conveniently situated on ^^'est Prin- 
cess street and the Bridge, was born in York 
in i860, son of Henn' and Mary (Kottcamp) 
Lucking. He attended the schools of that city, 
and learned the blacksmith's trade with Spang- 
ler Bros., which occupation he followed for 



eight and one half years. In 1884 he engaged 
in the coal and wood business on College 
nue, where he continued tor eight years, at the 
end of which period he came to his present 
place of business, where he has since been lo- 
cated. His business is constantly increasing, 
and Mr. Lucking's straightforward ways ot 
dealing together with his reputation for hon- 
esty and mtegrity, have won the confidence of 
the people of Vork, thereby securing for him a 
constant trade. 

Mr. Lucking was married first to Alice 
Greiman, a daughter of Charles F. Greiman, 
and she died in 1894, and was buried at Pros- 
pect Hill cemetery. She bore her husband the 
following children; Evel3'n K., Charles H., 
]\Iary C, Mabel E., George D., Annie and 
Paul E. Mr. Lucking, after the death of his 
first wife, married Irene M. Butler, and they 
reside in their pleasant home at No. 514 South 
Duke street. In his political belief Mr. Luck- 
ing is a Republican. He and his family are 
valued members of Christ Lutheran Church of 

MILTON B. GIBSON, ex-mayor of 
York, York county, is the great-grandnephew 
of Chief Justice John Bannister Gibson. The 
Gibson family is of Scotch-Irish descent and 
one of the oldest and best known in Penns}^- 
vania, and has left its impress upon the social, 
political and military history of the State. 

Col. George Gibson, Mayor Gibson's 
great-great-grandfather, was a son of George 
Gibson, Esq., of Lancaster, Pa., a notable 
figure in the early military life of the country, 
who emigrated to America from County 
Derry, Ireland, early in the eighteenth cen- 
tury. In his younger manhood Col. Gibson 
had been engaged in the trade to the West 
Indies, and afterward was a trader with the 
Indians at Fort Pitt. Returning to the East, 
he bought a farm and settled at Gibson's Rock, 
Perry county (then a part of Cumberland), 
and married Anna West, a descendant of the 
Wests of Ireland. During the Revolutionary 
war he enlisted at Fort Pitt a company of 100 
brave men, sharpshooters known "as "Gibson's 
Lambs." He was commissioned colonel of 
the 1st Virginia Regiment, joined Washing- 
ton before the evacuation of New York, and 
took part in many of the leading battles of the 
Revolution. In 1791 he took command of a reg- 

iment under Gen. St. Clair, in his campaign 
in Ohio against the Indians of the Northwest 
Territory, and lost his life at the battle of 
Miami Village, dying at Fort Jefferson, Ohio, 
Dec. 14, 1 79 1. He left three sons, of whom 
John Bannister Gibson became Chief Justice 
of the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania, occu- 
pying the bench from 18 16 to 1851, and was 
one of the most distinguished jurists of the 
State. Another son, Brig.-Gen. George Gib- 
son, was chief of the commissary department 
for a period of forty years. The third son was 
Francis F., great-grandfather of Milton B. 
Gibson, who was also in the army, and filled 
several civil positions with honor and fidelity. 
A relative of these gentlemen, whose name was 
also George Gibson, was a Presidential elector 
in 1789, voting for the first President of the 
United States. Other relatives of the grand- 
father of our subject held eminent and re- 
sporisible positions under the State govern- 

Robert Gibson, the grandfather of ]\Iilton 
B. Gibson, was a native and resident of Perry 
county. Pa., and was familiarly known as 
"Squire Gibson. He was appointed justice-of- 
the-peace by Gov. Pollock, and served continu- 
ously in that ofifice for a period of thirty-seven 
years. He marrieid Hannah KreameT, and 
they were blessed with three children : Francis 
F., George A. and Mary. 

Francis F. Gibson was a surveyor by pro- 
fession, but during the latter part of his life 
pursued a general merchandise business near 
Landisburg, Perrj^ county, where he died in 
1867, when only thirty-seven years old. He 
was married to Mary Ann Sheibley, daughter 
of Judge Jacob Sheibley, of Perry county, who 
died, leaving a son. Francis S. Several years 
later Mr. Gibson married again, espousing 
Catherine E. Baker, granddaughter of the late 
Conrad Holman, of Periy county. This union 
was blessed \vith two children : Milton Bucher 
and Walter Spotts, the latter dying in infancy. 

Milton B. Gibson's father died when he 
was but seven years old and he grew to man- 
hood deprived of paternal care. He received 
his elementary education in the common 
schools, completed his academic studies at 
Bloomfield Academy, in his native county, and 
taught successfully for three years. In 1881 
he purchased his father's property near Lan- 
disburg, and engaged in mercantile pursuits 





for several years, during which time he became 
•interested in the Weaver Organ & Piano Com- 
pany, which was at that time building the 
factory which it now occupies in York. Mr. 
Gibson became a stockholder, and, making a 
success as a retail salesman of their instru- 
ments, was soon appointed State representa- 
tive for the company in Pennsylvania. In 
1885 he removed to York, where he has since 
resided. In 1886 he was elected secretary of 
the company, and in September, 1890, at the 
death of Mr. J. O. Weaver, the founder of 
the company, he was elected treasurer and 
general manager in addition to the secretary- 
ship. In 1896 he was elected to his present 
position, that of president of the company. 
The Weaver Organ & Piano Company has 
now a capacity that enables it to supply far 
more than a mere local market, and the details 
of its present output will be found elsewhere. 

Milton B. Gibson was married, April 18, 
1882, to Miss Elizabeth S. Shumaker, daugh- 
ter of Samuel Shumaker, of Harrisburg, Pa., 
who was prominent in public and business af- 
fairs of Perry county. To this union were 
born five children: Holman S., who died July 
10, 1897; Amy Ruth, who died in infancy in 
1889; Edith Belle, wife of W. T. Sibbett, 
manager of the Keystone carpet mills; Cath- 
erine Blanche and Marion Elisabeth, both 
graduates of the York high school, class of 

In politics Mr. Gibson is a Republican, 
and in 1898 he was elected to the select coun- 
cil of the city of York for a period of four 
years, from the Second ward. In 1902 he was 
elected mayor of York for a period of three 
years. He is a member and one of the organ- 
izers of Heidelberg Chapter, No. 38, Brother- 
hood of Andrew and Philip, a religious organ- 
ization, and is a member and past chancellor 
of Crystal Lodge, No. 248, Knights of Pyth- 
ias. In religion he is affiliated with the Re- 
formed Church, being a member of the con- 
gregation at Heidelberg, in which he is an 
elder and has been acting superintendent of 
the Sunday-school for the past twelve years. 
Mr. Gibson is a director of the Young Men's 
Christian Association of York, and a member 
of its important committees. He is also vice- 
president of the Pennsylvania State Sunday- 
School Association, of which ]\Ir. John Wana- 
maker is president. 

Mr. Gibson was one of the organizers of 
the York Card & Paper Company, and was a 
director and vice-president of the company for 
several years. He is a member of the Inter- 
national Advisory Board of the Philadelphia 
Commercial Museum, and was a delegate to 
the congress of delegates for North and South 
America which met in Philadelphia, June ist 
to 5th, 1897, to dedicate the museum and trans- 
act business of international import. Mr. Gib- 
son is a sagacious business man, and his abili- 
ties have pushed to the fore the important com- 
pany which he represents. 

Mr. Milton B. Gibson has for years been a 
conspicuous figure in the ranks of the Repub- 
lican party in York, and in addition to hav- 
ing been- a member of the select council, and 
mayor of the city, was one of the committee 
on the eminently successful sesqui-centennial 
celebration of the organization of York county, 
•observed in York, the first week in September, 
1899. The committee was chosen by the city 
council, the board of trade and the Merchants' 
Association. Mr. Gibson became president of 
the joint committee, and was one of the chief 
promoters of the grand jubilee, and took an 
active part in the preparation of the memorial 
volume published at that time. 

As mayor of York, Mr. Gibson honored 
the city as much as the city honored him. his 
clean and dignified administration of the city's 
affairs having had much to do with maintain- 
ing the Republican supremacy which was so 
emphatically expressed in the election of Feb- 
ruary, 1905. In brief, Mr. Gibson is honored 
abroad as much as at home, and it was a fit- 
ting compliment to him and to the city that he 
was made a member and served on the staff 
of the late Gen. Joseph Wheeler in the great 
inaugural parade March 4, 1905 — a parade 
that was the prelude to the most notable inaug- 
uration in the historj^ of the country. 

THEODORE R. HELB occupies a lore- 
most place among the prominent business men 
of York which would justify his being pointed 
out as one of the notable examples of the self- 
made man in that city today. The average man 
is well contented to achieve success in the com- 
mercial affairs to which his best talents must 
be devoted'. But Mr. Helb has broader ideas 
of life, believing that mere money getting 
cannot fill the full measure cf human satisfac- 



tion, and, as he was obliged to give his early 
)ears entirely to work, so he has made time 
snice opportunity permitted for travel and the 
social amenities m which he takes such pleasure. 
He is still in his prime, and able to enjoy to the 
full the ample fortune he has accumulated. The 
fact that it has been acquired by his own ef- 
forts undoubtedly gives his appreciation a 
keener point. 

Mr. Helb is one of York county's native 
sons, having been born Oct. 17, 185 1, in 
Shrewsbury township (now Railroad bor- 
ough). He attended the public schools there 
and in the city of Baltimore, and began work 
early, learning the trade of brewer. When he 
began the business for himself at York, in 1873, 
there was nothing to suggest the magnificent es- 
tablishment which he now owns and conducts. 
So modest, indeed, was his start that for the 
first ten years he himself did the most import- 
ant part of the manual labor necessary, having 
one assistant during the winter ' months, and 
none the rest of the year. But Mr. Helb knew 
his business thoroughly, and realized its possi- 
bilities. He was also apt at recognizing real 
improvements and has always had a progres- 
sive spirit which not only enabled him to keep 
up with new methods and ideas, but also to in- 
augurate a number himself. By strict attention 
to the wants of his patrons he increased his 
custom until he found' it had reached Avhat to 
him would have been at one time undreamed-of 
proportions. He was conservative and not 
over-sanguine, and only added to or remodeled 
his brewery as the actual demand's of business 
necessitated. But he was never slow to take ad- 
vantage of a good opening or indifferent to his 
opportunities, and he has at the present day an 
establishment which for up-to-date equipment 
in second' to none in the country. It is finely 
planned architecturally, presenting an artistic 
appearance, and no establishment in York is 
kept up better. That Mr. Helb is one of the 
most substantial citizens of York, the most 
prominent man in his line in that city, 
and one of the best known throughout 
the United States, is but the natural 
climax to his career, though to the mere 
observer, with nothing to judge the race 
by but the start and the finish, it seems ex- 
traordinary. He commenced with absolutely 
no financial assistance, a fact which kept him 
in rpoderate circumstances for a number of 

years, during which he was obliged to make the 
best use of his inherent traits of thrift and 
economy. Thus he fixed many excellent habits, 
\\hich have won him good-will and friendship 
wherever he has gone. His chief character- 
istics are the sterling ones that form the basis 
of success and happiness of the lasting sort — • 
industry, honesty, application and reasonable 

Among the secret fraternities Mr. Helb is 
well known, being a member of the Odd Fel- 
lows, Elks, Foresters, Knights of Pythias, 
Knights of the Mystic Chain, Knights of '^Malta, 
Red Men and Heptasophs. He has taken par- 
ticular interest in the last named order, which 
he helped to organize, and of which he was the 
first supreme treasurer, holding that office for 
four years. 

Mr. Helb was married to Emma Louise 
Rausch, daughter of John Rausch, a shoe mer- 
chant of Baltimore, Md., and two children have 
been born of this union, Louis and Herbert, 
both of whom have been well-educated, Louis 
being a graduate of Nazareth Hall, and of the 
Polytechnic Institute, class of 1894; Herbert 
graduated from the Mar\-land Institute, in Bal- 
timore, in 1903. Both sons are engaged with 
their father in official capacities. The family 
home is a magnificent brownstone and marble 
structure, probably the costliest residence in the 
city, and is charming in all its appointments. 

Mr. Helb has probably found fiis greatest 
pleasure in travel. He has made five voyages 
to Eurooe, having visited every European 
country except Servia and Bulgaria, and there 
are only two States in the Union which Mr. 
Helb has not visited, those being Arkansas and 
South Dakota. He has visited Egypt and Pal- 
estine, Turkey, Asia Minor and Greece and was 
accompanied on one of the latter trips by his 
son Herbert, in company with whom he also 
w'ent to Alaska, and British Columbia. On 
another occasion he made an extended' visit to 
Mexico, and twice he went to California. 

JL^LIUS C. HELB, who has carried on 
a bottling business at York for a number of 
years, has had an interesting and successful 
career. In his present enterprise he has de- 
veloped an extensive patronage by straight 
business methods and up-to-date service to his 
customers, and' he is ranked among the reliable 
business men of the citv. He was born T"ly 


28, 1862, in Railroad bcrough. York county, 
and is one of the sons of the late Frederick 
Helb, a full account of whose life and work will 
be found elsewhere in this work. 

Mr. Helb was educated in the German 
schools of Baltimore. When he commenced 
work he learned the trade of tanner, with his 
father, and was engaged at same during the 
greater part of his early manhood, though be- 
fore he had reached his majority he followed 
the sea for two years, and also put in one year 
at railroad work. He was only nineteen when 
be entered the service of the Pennsylvania Rail- 
way Company, being engaged as signalman and 
trainmaster's assistant. His experiences as a 
mariner were varied and interesting. He even- 
tually became his lather's successor in the tan- 
nery business at Railroad borough. After 
remaining there two years he bought and oper- 
ated the Union tannery at Manchester, Md., at 
which place he was located for six years. He 
then sold the plant and turned his attention to 
another line, buying the wholesale bottling 
works of Schmidt & Wagner, of Hanover, 
where he did business for live years. He next 
located in Railroad borough, where he erected 
and operated the F. Helb & Sons furniture fac- 
tory for two }'ears. Then he came to York and 
established his present bottling plant, on East 
Market street, where he has been continuously 
engaged up to the present time. He bottles im- 
ported and leading western beers, and is the au- 
thorized bottler of Helb's Brewery. His facil- 
ities insure the utmost satisfaction from his pa- 
trons, as his establishment is one of the best 
ecjuipped in the entire countrj^ Mr. Helb has 
left nothing undone which would add to the 
completeness or efficiency of his plant, and he 
employs up-to-date methods, being a leader in 
this respect. His standing as a business man 
is irreproachable. 

Mr. Helb was united in marriage, Sept. 3, 
1886, to Sophia Schenk, daughter of Jacob and 
Sophia Schenk, of Pfahlbach, Oehringen, Wur- 
temberg, Germany, and four children were 
born of this union, one dying in infancy. The 
survivors are: Theodore Edward, who is a 
graduate of Patrick's Business College, and 
George Curtis and Charles Julius, who still at- 
tend school. 

Fraternally Mr. Helb belongs to the 
Knights of Pythias and the Improved Order of 

Red Men, and is an earnest worker in the Fra- 
ternal Order of Eagles, Eyrie No. 183, of 
which he has been a member since he resided in 
York. Politically he supports the Republican 
party. In religion he inclines to the doctrines 
of the Lutheran Church. 

JAMES AXDERSOX, ex-county poor 
director, and an influential citizen of East 
Hopewell township, York county, was born in 
the old log house on his father's farm, June 
4, 1843, son of James and ^lary E. (Miller) 

James Anderson, the great-grandfather of 
our subject, was born in Ireland, and came to 
America with his wife. He took up 339 acres 
of land in what is now East Hopewell town- 
ship, the tract being known on the old patent 
as "Unlikely Harbour." It was patented in 
two tracts, the first bearing the date qf Feb. 18, 
1773, and the other Dec. 21, 1786. 

James Anderson, son of James, was born 
on this farm, and followed farming through- 
out life. He acquired the home farm, upon 
which he remained until his death, which oc- 
curred in 1832 ; he was buried in the old Round 
Hill cemetery, where his wife, who had been 
Esther Thom, of Dauphin county, was also 
interred. They were Presbyterians in faith, 
being what was known as Blue Stocking Pres- 
byterians. The children born to this worthy 
couple were : James, the father of our sub- 
ject; John, who died in Hopewell township, 
married Susan Brown; \\'illiam went to Han- 
cock Co., Ohio, where he married Jane 

and died ; Esther, Mrs. Joseph Edgar, died in 
East Hopewell township ; Sarah. Mrs. Thomas 
Grove, died in Chanceford township ; Marga- 
ret, Mrs. William Wilson, died in Hopewell 
township ; Rachel died unmarried as did 
Agnes ; and Polly, became the wife of War- 
rick Anderson, who accompanied her brother 
to Ohio, and she died in that State. 

James Anderson, the father of our subject, 
and the third of that name, was born in the 
old log house where three generations of the 
family have been born, Alarch 6, 1799, and re- 
ceived the education common to the youths of 
his day. He followed farming all of his life, 
taking the home place at the death of his 
father. He sold loi acres to his brother John, 
from whom he later repurchased it. He erect- 



ed a stone house on another part of the farm 
about 1850, and there died in May, 1876. He 
was a member of the Round Hill Presbyterian 
Church in his earlier years. , Reared a Whig 
when the Know Nothing' party came into ex- 
istence he joined the Democrats. James An- 
derson married Mary E. Miller, born in Hope- 
well township, daughter of John and Eliza- 
beth (Trout) Miller, and she survived her 
husband until about 1885, when she passed 
away. She had these children : Esther, 
died in infancy; Esther, married William Zel- 
lers and died in Hopewell township; Eliza- 
beth, twin to Esther, married Benjamin An- 
derson, and lives in Fawn township ; John, of 
Red Lion, married Alice Flinchbaugh ; James, 
our subject; Sarah Agnes, died at the age of 
twenty-two years ; Priscilla E., died at the age 
of twenty-three years; Susan A. M., deceased 
single ; and Geary F., of Hopewell township, 
married Annie McFatridge. 

James Anderson, ovu' subject, attended the 
old-fashioned schools, his first teacher being 
Lucretia Prall, and the last, a Mr. Ebaugh. He 
remained with his father until his twenty-fifth 
year, when he started out in life for himself. 
He purchased the tract which he now owns, 
formerly owned by his father, and erected all 
of the buildings on the place. Mr. Anderson 
has successfully followed the calling of his 
ancestors. His property is well located, his 
buildings commodious, and his home surround- 
ings indicative of thrift and good manage- 
ment. He has been an ardent Democrat all 
of his life, and cast his first vote for McClel- 
lan. Since that time he has missed voting 
but two elections, one being when Greeley was 
candidate, when Mr. Anderson would not sup- 
port him. He has served in many township 
offices. Li a strong Republican township he 
was elected justice of the peace for one term 
and prior to this he served one term as school 
director. He was elected poor director in the 
fall of 1899 and served as such one term. Li 
1904 he served as supervisor of his township. 
He is a member of the Stewartstown Presby- 
terian Church., 

Mr. Anderson was married, in 1877, to 
Miss Mary McFatridge, born in Hopewell 
township, daughter of Georp'e and Susan 
(Grove) ]\IcFatridge, the former of whom, 
who was a shoemaker by trade although he 

followed farming, is now deceased, while the 
latter is still living, aged about sixty-nine 
years. Mrs. Anderson is a member of the 
Stewartstown Presbyterian Church and of the 
Home Missionary Society. The children 
born to Mr. and Mrs. Anderson are as follows : 
William L., in the feed business in York; 
James Thom, ex-teacher, in the feed business 
with his brother, William; Alda E., educated 
in the public schools, the York County Aca- 
demy and the Shippensburg Normal; George 
E., Robert R., Mary Susan and Georgie A., 
all at home; and Esther J., who died in infancy. 

Hesse-Cassel of the Fatherland contributed 
the name of Holtzapple to the records of 
American patriots who braved the dangers and 
privations of a pioneer life in order to obtain 
the precious boon of liberty. The emigrant 
ancestor settled in Lancaster county, the next 
generation moving to a point some three miles 
northwest of the present site of York — then a 
wild and unbroken wilderness. There and 
thereabouts succeeding generations of the 
family have tilled the soil and maintained an 
honored name to the present day. A worthy 
member of the last generation is Dr. George 
E. Holtzapple, a prominent and successful 
physician of York. 

Erasmus Holtzapple, the original emigrant, 
crossed the Atlantic in 1731. Christian names 
then grow dim with the years until Grand- 
father George Holtzapple appears on the 
scene, a prosperous, stirring farmer of "ye old 
time" when the tiller of the soil stood first in 
the ranks of society. Li his generation the 
father also, Israel E. Holtzapple, was a man 
of influence and position in the communit3^ 
his farm consisting of a part of the original 
Holtzapple holdings. Israel E. Holtzapple 
married Christiana Lecrone, daughter of John 
Lccrone, of an old and worthy agricultural 
family of the county, and . they became the 
parents of eight children, three sons and five 
daughters. Of these children, Noah P. died 
in July, 1903; John H. is a machinist in York; 
Mary is the wife of Adam Stover, of York; 
Ella J. is the widow of J. D. Folkemer, of 
Baltimore ; Clara A. married Charles Myers, 
a farmer at Hanover Junction ; Louisa A. mar- 
ried Edward Gladfelter, a merchant at Seven 
Valley ; Annie I. is Mrs. \A'iley Shepperd, of 





Seven Valley ; and Dr. George E. is mentioned 
below. Israel E. Holtzapple, the father, lived 
the Psalmist's allotted span, and died Oct. 13, 
1900, but his widow is still living, being now 
sixty-nine years of age. 

On the old homestead which had witnessed 
the joys and sorrows of many of his ancestors. 
Dr. Holtzapple first opened his eyes on the 
scene of action. May 22; 1862. The period of 
childhood and adolescence was spent in the 
manner of children of the well-to-do farmers 
of that section of the county, his earlier 
scholastic training being that of the country 
school. Before taking up his professional 
course the Doctor attended York Collegiate 
Institute, several sessions of the York County 
Normal School, and taught four years in the 
public schools of York county. He then en- 
tered Bellevue Hospital Medical College of 
New York, and after a thorough course there 
was graduated in the class of 1884. Dr. Holtz- 
apple has always been a deep student of his 
profession, and besides his private reading has 
taken two post-graduate courses in medicine 
and one in philosophy, in 1894 at the Post- 
graduate Medical School and Hospital in New 
York, and in 1899 ^^ Johns Hopkins Medical 
School in Baltimore. His course in philosophy 
was what is known as a non-resident course, 
covering a period of three years, the school be- 
ing Lebanon Valley College. 

Upon taking his degree in 1884, Dr. Holtz- 
apple practiced for a short period at Logan- 
ville. York county, and then at Seven Valley, 
W'here he established the excellent reputation 
which made it a comparatively easy mat- 
ter to secure the splendid practice which 
he now enj oys in York. As referred to 
before, the Doctor is a student, a lover 
of his profession, and is enthusiastic in 
everything that pertains to it. He has made 
quite a reputation as a writer on medical topics, 
these forming important and valuable contribu- 
tions to medical literature. He was one of the 
first to make use of oxygen-gas in the treat- 
ment of pneumonia, and in other acute affec- 
tions attended by carbonic acid-gas poisoning. 
He also made a most valuable contribution on 
that rare and unique disease known as "family 
periodic paralysis" and its treatment. He re- 
ported seventeen cases, with six deaths, a 
larger number than had hitherto been reported 
by any American observer, and the first deaths 

in this disease reported in medical literature. 
By invitation the Doctor read an extensive 
paper on this subject at the annual meeting of 
the American Medical Association, held in 
Portland, Oregon, in July, 1905. 

Dr. Holtzapple keeps in close touch with 
his profession through the different organiza- 
tions, being a member of the county. State and 
national societies, and he is attending physi- 
cian to York hospital. He has for a number of 
years been the reporter of the local county so- 
ciety for the Pennsylvania "Medical Journal," 
the official journal of the State Society. As a 
member of the committee of Arrangements for 
the Fifty-third annual meeting of the State so- 
ciety, and chairman of the committee on Halls 
and Exhibits, he contributed largely to the 
splendid success of that meeting. The Doctor 
has served as president of the local societ)^ 
and while at Seven Valley was surgeon to the 
Northern Central Railroad. 

In 1902, in order to get some relief from 
the extensive practice he was required to serve. 
Dr. Holtzapple traveled extensively in Eng- 
land, France, Spain, Belgium, Germany, 
Austria and the valley of the Rhine, returning 
to his work with increased enthusiasm. Three 
years later ( 1905) with his family he made a 
ten-thousand mile tour of the home land, visit- 
ing Yellowstone National Park and the Great 
West, including the exposition at Portland, 
Ore., where, as stated before, he attended the 
meeting of the American Medical Association. 

On Dec. 9, 1886, Dr. George E. Holtzapple 
was united in marriage to Miss Mahala Glad- 
felter, daughter of Philip and Catherine Glad- 
felter, substantial farming people of the 
county, now both deceased. To this union has 
been born one child, Gertrude Sabilla, now an 
interesting and attractive student at York Col- 
legiate Institute. 

Dr. Holtzapple is an active and prominent 
worker in Christ Lutheran Church, taking 
great interest in the young people and 
their welfare, being at the present time assist- 
ant superintendent of the Sunday-school. He 
is an active worker in the Y. M. C. A., and is 
also a member of the York County Historical 
Society. Both he and his family have made a 
large place in the hearts of York people since 
coming among them, and are the recipients of 
much attention in the most exclusive social 



come a truism that the man with a specialty, 
one who thoroughly understands a business 
from the ground up, is he who is the most 
likely to succeed in life. In these days, when 
industries and enterprises of all kinds are be- 
ing developed, it is the practical man who is 
wanted. There is an abundance of capital in 
the land ever ready to be enlisted in undertak- 
ings that promise success. And at junctures 
like that the man of the hour is he who can con- 
duct the various departments of the enterprise 
through the intricacies of actual operation. 
Fredei-ick W. Weber is a practical man. He 
knows how to do things in the_ special line of 
work to which he has devoted himself. He is 
the treasurer of the Hanover Cordage Com- 
pany, one of the active industries of that city, 
and it is a field of industry in which he is most 
thoroughly at home. The present works were 
established Jan. 29, 1900, by Mr. "John Green- 
away, Frederick W. Weber and George H. 
Bonte, who were known as the Bonte Cordage 
Company, Limited. This company successfully 
operated until April, 1903, wh£n Mr. Bonte 
sold his interests to H. N. Gift and C. J. De- 
lone, of Hanover, and the Hanover Cordage 
Company was then incorporated by the follow- 
ing gentlemen : President, H. N. Gitt ; vice- 
president and superintendent, John Green- 
away; secretary, C. J. Delone; treasurer, Fred- 
erick W. Weber. They took the entire inter- 
ests of the Bonte Cordage Company, Limited. 
New machinery was added and the equipment 
of the plant, once improved and increased, has 
since been preserved and operated in excellent 
condition. The business of the company has 
rapidly increased since the new management 
has thus come into possession. The capital 
stock is $100,000, and 150 men and boys are 
employed. The products of the company are 
sold through the United States. Mr. Weber 
has had many years' experience in this branch 
of manufacture and understands all the details 
of the cordage business, having started in when 
a boy fifteen years of age, entering the em- 
ploy of the Elizabethport Steam Cordage 
Works of Elizabeth, N. J., in 1878. He has 
worked in all the branches, such as preparing 
the various fibres, spinning, etc., and even sell- 
ing the finished product in many of the States 
of the Union. It may be mentioned that his 
maternal grandfather, Frederick Rutchow, 
came from Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Germany, 

where he was engaged in the manufacture of 
twine and cordage, when the business was all 
done by hand. Lie was a very successful man 
in that line and an expert workman. In 1854 
Mr. Rutchow came to America with the inten- 
tion of locating a plant in Cincinnati, Ohio, 
but finding conditions at the time not favorable 
decided not to do so and went instead to Eliza- 
bethport, N. J. So Mr. Weber has inherited to 
a great extent thac equality which he possesses, 
and which must be possessed to make any busi- 
ness a success. His father, Anton Weber, who 
came to America in 1856 from Prussia, Ger- 
many, is also a prominent man in the cordage 
business, in i860 engaging in the manufac- 
ture of (hard fibre) cordage, and having 
worked in many of the leading manufactories 
in the United States, to-day having charge of 
the preparation and spinning for the \Miitlock 
Cordage Company, at Jersey City, New Jersey. 

Mr. Frederick W. Weber is a native of 
Elizabeth, N. J., born Jan. 29, 1864. His par- 
ents, Anton and Freda Weber, were both born 
in Gei'many, and in 1856 settled in New Jer- 
sey, and in that State the youth of Frederick 
W. was passed. In 1890 he came to Hanover 
and took charge of the Hanover Cordage Com- 
pany, Limited, in the capacity of superintendent. 
He remained with the company until and 
after the sale of the works to the National 
Cordage Company of New York, and in 1898 
accepted a position with the Lawrence Cordage 
Company of Brooklyn, N. Y. Returning to 
Hanover Mr. Weber, in 1900, interested a 
number of business men in the plant with which 
he is now connected, since which time he has 
filled the position of treasurer for the company, 
as well as having general charge of the buying 
and selling of its products. 

Mr. Weber was married, in October, 1890, 
to Gussie E. Grube, of Rahway, N. J., daugh- 
ter of Charles and Caroline Grube. To this 
union two children have been born : Freda C. 
and Charles A. Mr. and Mrs. W^eber are 
prominent members of St. Mark's Lutheran 
Church, of which he has served for a number 
of years as deacon. In politics he is a Republi- 
can. He is prominent in the fraternal orders, 
belonging to Patmos Lodge, No. 348, F. & A. 
M. ; Good Samaritan Chapter, No. 266, Royal 
Arch Masons; and Gettysburg Commandery, 
No. 79, K. T. He is also a member of Han- 
over Lodge, No. 763, B. P. O. Elks. 



J. WESLEY MYERS was born in Carroll 
county, Md., March 19, 1850, the son of Philip 
H. and Elizabeth (Baughman) Myers, and the 
grandson of Jacob and Anna (^Lawyer) Myers, 
the latter living to the age of eighty-six years. 
Philip H. Myers, the father of J. Wesley, is 
a man of more than ordinary force of 
character. He was born in Carroll 
county, Md., in 1822, and in his early 
manhood married Elizabeth Baughman, who 
was born in Maryland in 1825, the daughter 
of Frederick Baughman, a native of Maryland, 
an enterprising business man, and the owner of 
mills and large landed estates, who was widely 
known for his many estimable qualities. For 
a number of years Philip H. Myers was en- 
gaged in mercantile pursuits, and later turned 
his attention largely to agriculture. He was 
for thirteen years the president of the Dug 
Hill Fire Insurance Company of Carroll coun- 
ty. His wife died in 1894. He is still living, 
now in his eighty-fourth year. Three children 
were born to Philip H. and Elizabeth Myers, 
namely : J. Wesley ; Maranda, wife of Samuel 
Wine, of Hanover; and Elizabeth, who died 
in infancy. 

J. Wesley Myers received his education in 
a private school in his native State. He early 
applied himself to the vocation of a farmer, but 
when he attained the age of twenty-three years 
he began to deal in cattle on his own account, 
on the farm in Carroll county, Md., conducting 
the same successfully for a number of years. 
The cattle were purchased by Mr. Myers at 
Chicago for feeding for the Eastern markets, 
and he continued the business successfully for 
a number of years. In 1893 he removed from 
his farm to the borough of Hanover, where he 
has since resided. Since then he has purchased 
a number of large properties at Hanover,- which 
he has improved and repaired, besides remodel- 
ing buildings already erected. 

In every populous and thriving region that 
owes its wealth and superior advantages to the 
development of material resources, there are 
necessarily men who lead in this forward 
march, men whose perceptions are keen, whose 
faith in themselves is undaunted and who pos- 
sess the courage to put into execution the plans, 
which to the dimmer-visaged may seem un- 
certain of success. Mr. Myers is comparatively 
young in years, but he was devoted in his 

younger years to active business enterprises, 
and he has acquired a competence to which he 
constantly adds by the tramed business facul- 
ties he has developed. He is sometimes called 
by his friends a capitalist, a term which in this 
instance is one of unblemished honor, typify- 
ing as it does the achievement of a well-spent 
life, and crowned with the means and willing- 
ness to further various business enterprises 
which exhibit to the experienced financier the 
promise of permanent growth and public bene- 
fit. Among other business relations he is a 
director of the Hanover Savings Fund Society. 
He is also a director of the Hanover Shoe 
Manufacturing Company, one of the city's lead- 
ing industries, the output of whose factory is 
sold through twenty-three stores, which are 
located in different States, most of them in 
Pennsylvania and Virginia. The factory 
makes a specialty of a superior shoe, which is 
uniformly sold at all these retail stores for 
$2.50 per pair. It is a new departure in the 
shoe business, and one which has proved pop- 
ular and very successful. Mr. Myers is the 
owner of a valuable farm in Carroll county, 
Md. He is also the owner of business property 
on Baltimore street, Hanover, the three-story 
structure on which — 28x100 feet — is occupied 
by the drj^-goods firm of Wentz & Bro. Mr. 
Myers is not only a business man of superior 
merits, but he possesses that affability of man- 
ner and courtesy of deportment in his relation- 
ship with his fellowmen that has won him a 
wide popularity. 

In 1 87 1 Mj-. Myers married Mary Agnes 
Schaeffer, daughter of Noah and Elizabeth 
(Kessler) Schaeffer, of Carroll county, Md. 
Three children have been born to them : Milton 
P., an active business man of Baughman's 
Valley, Md. ; Clinton N., secretary and treas- 
urer of the Hanover Shoe Company, of Han- 
over; and Bessie E., who died Sept. i, 19CX), 
aged twenty-two years and six months. Mr. 
and Mrs. Myers are prominent members of 
Emanuel Reformed Church. 

JAMES C. MAY, M. D., was born in 
Washington township, York county, Jan. 14. 
1858. His parents were John B. and Caro- 
line (Leathery) May, of York county, and of 
German descent. They reared a family of four 
sons and three daughters, of whom James C. 



is the second. He remained on the farm until 
his fifteenth year, and attended. the common 
schools and the York County Academy. At 
the age of seventeen he began teaching in the 
public schools. After teaching lour terms he 
entered the office of Dr. Kain, at Manchester, 
and at the end of two years went to Jefferson 
Medical College, at Philadelphia, where he 
graduated in March, 1881. Returning to Man- 
chester he formed a partnership with his pre- 
ceptor, and began practicing at once. In the 
spring of 1884 he bought the interest of his 
partner, and has since been practicing for him- 
self. All his time is devoted to his profession. 
In October, 1881, Dr. May was married in 
Columbia, Pa., to Ellen M. Yinger, a native 
of Manchester. They have two children, a 
son and a daughter. The son, Charles H. 
May, is a student in the medical department of 
the Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Md. 
The daughter, Mary, is at home. Dr. May 
is an ex-president of the York County Medi- 
cal Society, a member of the Pennsylvania 
State Medical Society, and of the American 
Medical Association. He has also served as 
school director for Manchester borough a 
number of terms. 

CHARLES E. ZIGNER, a prominent 
citizen and public ofliicial of Newberry town- 
ship, who is post master at Etters and a justice 
of the peace, has been actively engaged in the 
livery business and the sale of fertilizers since 
1887. Mr. Zigner was born in 1838, in Sax- 
ony, Germany. His parents difd while he was 
quite young, and he was sent to America by 
the will of his guardian. Mr. Zigner located 
at Mechanicsburg, Cumberland county, where 
he learned the wheelwright's trade, and in 
1858 he located in Shiremanstown, that coun- 
ty, but stayed there only a short time, remov- 
ing to Goldsboro, where he made horse rakes, 
being among the founders of that industry. 
In 1862 Mr. Zigner married Miss Mary Bur- 
ger, and returned to Shiremanstown, where he 
followed coach making until 1869. At this 
time he was burnt out, and after this loss, 
spent one year in Harrisburg, after which he 
went to Mt. Wolf, York county, remaining 
there three years. In 1872 Mr. Zigner re- 
turned to Goldsboro, where he followed his 
trade for fifteen years, and in 1887 he en- 
gaged in the fertilizer business, in conjunction 

with a livery business, which he has continued 
up to the present time. 

During President Harrison's administra- 
tion Mr. Zigner was appointed post master 
at Etters, and in March, 1903, was re-ap- 
pointed, and holds that office at the present 
time. Mr. Zigner was appointed a justice of 
the peace in May, 1903, and has made a very 
efficient official. Politically he is a stanch Re- 
publican, and has held the office of councilman, 
and has been a school director for a number of 
years. He has also held office in Cumberland 

The children born to Charles E. Zigner and 
his wife were: (i) John B., who was ap- 
pointed assessor of Goldsboro in 1900, and 
again in 1904, and is now assistant postmaster, 
married Emma Riesser, and lives at Golds- 
boro ; he is a county committeeman and is very 
active in politics. (2) Robert married Sarah 
Pfisterer, and lives at Cly, York county. (3) 
Harry B. is a clerk at Harrisburg. (4) 
Charles B. married Becky Blessing, and lives 
in Philadelphia. (5) Lydia M. married Prof. 
Harry Smith, and resides at York, York coun- 
ty. Mr. Zigner is a representative citizen of 
Newberry township, one of the solid, substan- 
tial, enterprising men whose good judgment 
and public spirit continually contribute to the 
advancement of the town. 

DAVID S. WITMER, one of the promi- 
nent and successful farmers in Windsor town- 
ship, was born June 29, 1845, on the Witnier 
farm in what was then Spring Garden (now 
Springetsbury) township. 

The Witnier family is from Swiss ances- 
try who settled in Lancaster county. Pa. 
David' Witnier, grandfather of David S., moved 
to York county when a young man and made 
his home near Stone Ridge, where he owned 
about ninety acres. He was a Mennonite 
preacher, and built the first church of that per- 
suasion in his section, still known as the Wit- 
nier meeting house. He continued his preach- 
ing all through that region until he was pros- 
trated by illness, passing away at his home in 
1843, aged seventy years, eleven months, and 
eighteen days. His wife, Magdalena (Kauff- 
nian), whom he married in Lancaster county, 
survived him until 1857. They were the par- 
ents of seven children, namely : John, who 
married Miss Lefevre, located first at Dills- 



burg, and then in Manchester township, and 
tneie died on the same day as his father, their 
funerals bemg held together; Latherme, Mrs. 
David f-'orry, aied at her home in Hanover in 
1869; Lyciia, Mrs. David Sprenkle, lived and 
died on the old Sprenkle homestead near 
Nashville, York county ; Annie, Mrs. Samuel 
Roth, died at her home near Nashville ; David, 
a Mennonite preacher, married Miss Nancy 
Kauffman and died at Bloomingdale, York 
county; Elias is mentioned below; Susan, Mrs. 
Christian Hursh, died in Windsor township. 

Elias Witmer was born on the old home- 
stead Feb. 8, 1 8 14, and was all his life a farm- 
er by occupation. He remained on the Witmer 
farm until 1858, and then bought the place 
where his son now lives, a tract of sixty-four 
acres on the road from Locust Grove to Stony 
Brook. This farm was originally owned by 
George Holtzinger, from whom it passed suc- 
cessively to Harry Strickler, Zachariah Kendig, 
and Mr. Witmer. The house was built of log 
and stone in the first place, but David S. Wit- 
mer has added another story of frame. The 
barn still in use was erected in 1843 ^Y Harry 
Strickler. Elias Witmer was a lifelong Demo- 
crat, and served on the school board and as 
supervisor. He married in 1840 Miss Annie 
Strickler, daughter of Ulrich and Mary ( Shel- 
lenberger) Strickler, and granddaughter of 
John Strickler, who came to America from 
Switzerland. Both husband and wife died on 
the farm, he in 1873, aged fifty-nine years, 
eight months, and six days ; she on Oct. 27, 
1891, aged sixty-eight years, one month, and 
twelve days. Their children were as follows : 
Sarah ched unmarried, Aug. 8, 1901, aged six- 
ty; David Strickler is our subject; John, a 
soldier in the regular army for three years, and 
a millwright and bridge builder by trade, mar- 
ried Miss Ellen Amshbaucher, and died in 
Lancaster, where he kept a hotel, Aug. 31, 
1894, aged forty-six; Edward, deceased, pro- 
prietor of the "Spring Garden Hotel" in East 
York, married Miss Ellen Winemiller; Ulrich 
died at the age of twenty-three : Henry died in 
boyhood; Mary is Mrs. Jacob Landis, of 
Springetsbury township ; Clara is Mrs. William 
Markley, of Spring Grove, York county; Ag- 
nes died in childhood ; Allen is a resident of 
York; Amanda, Mrs. Ellsworth Kauffman, 
died at Longstown, Aug. 8, 1888, aged twenty- 
three ; Elias died in infancy ; Joseph lives with 
his brother David. 

David S. Witmer was thirteen years old 
when his lather moved to the present home- 
stead. Previously he had gone to school from 
the age of five in the old Vv^itmer schoolhouse, 
to John Throne, who taught there for a term 
of four months each year. From the age of 
thirteen Mr. Witmer' went to the Locust Crove 
school, finishing under D. P. Brown, who is 
now m Baltimore, still teaching. From the lo- 
cal schools he went to the York Normal, study- 
ing under S. B. Heiges and S. G. Boyd. At 
the age of twenty, after leaving the Normal, he 
began teaching, and his first position was m the 
Tyson school, in Windsor township, atter 
which he was successively engaged at the home 
schools lor two terms, the Tyson for one, the 
Windsorville for one, the Tyson for one, and 
the Spring Garden township school for two. 
During his vacations he usually worked on his 
father's farm, and was at times a traveling 
salesman for the Stauffer Cracker Company, of 
York, spending, altogether, about a year and a 
half in that business. For three years he trav- 
eled for the Osborn Reaper Company. In 
1883 Mr. Witmer took charge of the home 
farm, and ten years later, after his mother had 
died, he bought the place and has since then 
given his entire attention to it. He does gen- 
eral . farming, attends market, and is in every 
way a progressive and wide-awake farmer. 

The marriage of Mr. Witmer to Miss Eliz- 
abeth Bull occurred in York, and the cere- 
mony was performed by Rev. A. H. Lochman. 
the same clergyman who united Mr. Witmer's 
parents. Miss Bull was the daughter of Isaac 
Bull, and granddaughter of Thomas Bull, who 
came to this country from England. The fol- 
lowing children were born to this union : Al- 
bert Vincent, who married Miss Florence E. 
Keimard, and who is in a railroad freight of- 
fice in York: Edward H- of Wrightsville, who 
married Miss Katie V. Poff ; Eli W., of ^Vind- 
sor township, married to Miss Ida J. \Yan- 
baugh ; and Annie C, unmarried. 

Mr. Witmer and his wife are members of 
the Mennonite Church. A lifelong Democrat, 
he has always been active in politics, and has 
filled several offices with unquestioned abilitv. 
From 1893 to 1895, inclusive, he was regis- 
ter of wills, and for nine years in succession 
served on the school board, the last time poll- 
ing the entire vote of his' own party and three 
Republican votes in addition. In 1900 he was 
appointed census enumerator for Windsor 



township, being tlie only Democratic appointee 
to that position in York county. Mr. Witmer 
is a man of considerable influence, able and 
well trained, and is held in the highest esteem 
in his community. 

agricultural implements, is a well-known citi- 
zen of Hellam township, where he, like his 
father before him, has passed his entire life. 
His grandfather, Benjamin Strickler, is men- 
tioned elsewhere. 

Benjamin Strickler, father of Edward M., 
Avas born in Hellam township, near Wrights- 
viUe, in December, 182 1. The farm on which 
he was born and where his boyhood was spent 
is now the property of Henry L. Stoner. He 
received what, in those days, was a good edu- 
cation in the subscription and public schools, 
and was brought up to farming, in which call- 
ing he was engaged throughout life. After 
his marriage he settled on the farm of his 
father-in-law, a half mile north of the Pike, 
near Hellam. This farm he afterward bought, 
and there he died in 1893, after a long and 
useful life. He was widely known for his kind- 
hriess and helpfulness to others, and lived an 
upright, honest and honored life. He was al- 
ways a Republican in political faith, and filled 
the office of school director and judge of elec- 
tions. In religious matters he followed Dun- 
kard teachings. He married Eleanora Bahn, 
daughter of David and Rachel (Witman) 
Bahn, who was born in 1831, and still lives on 
the home farm. David Bahn was a well- 
known farmer of Hellam township, where he 
hved and died. He was an active citizen and 
held several township offices. He was a mem- 
ber of the German Reformed Church of Kreutz 
Creek, of which he was one of the founders. 
His daughter, Mrs. Strickler, is also a mem- 
ber of that church. The children of Benjamin 
and Eleanora (Bahn) Strickler were as fol- 
lows: Byron B., a farmer of Hellam town- 
ship, who married Annie, daughter of Fred- 
erick Sultzbach, of that township; Edward M., 
who is mentioned below; Albert W., who died 
at the age of twenty-four, unmarried ; Elmer 
D., who married Katy Myers, and lives on the 
home farm; Mary E., who lives at home, un- 
married; and Flora R., who is Mrs. Edward 
B. Stoner, of Hellam township. 

Edward M, Strickler, was born on his fath- 
er's farm iii Hellam township, Jan, 17, 1856, 
and attended the public schools of the neigh- 
borhood until he was twenty years old. He also 
attended York Academy for a few terms, his 
vacations being spent in farm work. After 
leaving school he taught for four years ; his 
first school was in Lower Windsor township, 
the other three years he taught in Hellam town- 
ship. He married in 1881, and went to farm- 
ing in his native township, but after five years 
moved into Hellam, and was there engaged in 
the meat business for fifteen years. At the 
same time he served as justice of the peace, 
his first election to that office being in 1889, 
with two re-elections since. In 1901 he estab- 
lished himself in the agricultural implement 
business in Hellam, while he continues to carry 
on with success. 

Mr, Strickler married, Sept. 29, 1881, Clara 
V, Stoner, daughter of Christian S. and Rebec- 
ca (Landis) Stoner, of whom the former, now 
deceased, was a farmer and lime dealer in Hel- 
lam township, while the latter is now living in 

Mr. and Mrs. Strickler have had the follow- 
ing children : (T ) Ralph S., born Jan. i, 1883, 
attended the public schools in Hellam township, 
and York Academy, and graduated from Pat- 
rick's Business College in York; he was book- 
keeper for the firm of McClelland & Gotwalt, 
and died May 14, 1905, aged twenty-two years. 

(2) Claude E., born Dec. 2, 1887, attended the 
public schools and graduated from Patrick's 
Business College at York in September, 1904. 

(3) Carrie V, died in infancy, (4) Walter B. 
was born June 24, 1892. The family are mem- 
bers of the German Reformed Church. Mr. 
Strickler has always voted the Republi- 
can ticket, has acted as election inspector, and 
has served six years on the township school 

G. MILTON BAIR, investment securities, 
Hanover, has been active in the financial and in 
the political affairs of York county, and for ten 
years, as a Republican, he was elected a mem- 
ber of the city council from a Democratic 
ward. He has for a period of thirty-four 
years, or ever since he attained his majority, 
been a strong advocate of Republican princi- 
ples. For fifteen years he served on the County 



Executi\-e Committee of his party, and for 
fifteen years as a ward committeeman. To his 
ripe experience as a financier and business man 
he adds a geniahty, which has made for him a 
host of hfe-long friends. Mr. Bair is a native 
of Hanover. He was born in that borough Dec. 
30, 1850, sen of Edward and Deha (Gitt) Bair. 

Edward Bair was born Jan. 14, 1810, and 
was by trade a saddler, a vocation which he fol- 
lowed through life, surviving to the age of 
seventy-one years, his. death occurring Sept. 
14, 1882. His father, John Bair, was also a 
saddler by trade, and was twice married, first 
to a Miss Bittinger. Delia (Gitt) Bair, the 
mother of our subject, was born in Hanover in 
1813. and was a sister of Josiah W. Gitt. She 
died in August, 1903. To Edward and Delia 
(Gitt) Bair were born five children, two of 
whom died in infancy. The survivors are : 
J. Emory Bair, cashier of the Gettysburg Na- 
tional Bank, one of the oldest national banking 
institutions in that city ; G. Milton ; and Alice 
O., wife of Jacob N. Slagle, for many years 
treasurer of the Hanover Savings Fund So- 

G. Milton Bair was educated in the schools 
of Hanover, completing his education in the 
High School and Dickinson Business College, 
Carlisle, Pa. He began his business career as 
a merchant, continuing the same for twelve 
years, during which time, he was associated 
with G. W. Welsh. At the expiration of that 
period Mr. Bair engaged in his present busi- 
ness, consisting of real estate, insurance, 
stocks, bonds and investment securities. Be- 
sides the political career to which reference is 
made above, Mr. Bair was for three years a 
member of the school board, representing the 
Fourth ward of Hanover. He is a member 
of the Knights of the Mystic Chain ; of the 
Royal Arcanum, which was organized in 1886; 
and of the Benevolent and Protective Order 
of Elks. 

I\Ir. Bair was married Nov. 26, 1869, to 
Miss Emma C, daughter of George W. and 
Maria (McSherry) Welsh. To Mr. and Mrs 
Bair two sons have been born, Edward W.. a 
successful insurance broker of Philadelphia; 
and Ray W., a student at State College. Mr. 
and Mrs. Bair are members of St. Mathew's 
Lutheran Church. 

HARRIS LENTZ, director of the County 
Poor of York county, Pa., is a native of 

Springfield township, born there Oct. 4, 1835, 
son of Daniel Lentz. 

The grandfather of our subject was a na- 
tive of Springfield township, where he fol- 
lowed farming, and had these children : John, 
Frederick, George, Joseph and Daniel. The 
last named was a farmer in Springfield town- 
ship. He and his brother, John, purchased the 
old homestead and there Daniel remained until 
his death, June 9, 1864, at the age of seventy- 
five years. His widow, Lydia Falkemer, died 
Sept. 29, 1893, aged ninety-two years, and 
both are buried at Bupp's Union Church in 
Springfi.eld township. Their children were : 
Daniel, is deceased ; Harris ; Leah, widow of 
Eli Ehrhart, lives in North Codorus township ; 
John, who married Susan Leader, lives in York 
township, where he follows farming; Cath- 
erine, the widow of William, Burns, is living 
in Paradise; Anna Mary, who died in 1874, 
was the wife of H. Glessner. 

Harris Lentz attended the schools of 
Springfield township, and at the age of eigh- 
teen years engaged in the carpenter's trade, 
which he followed thirty-three years. He was 
for two years employed with the Northern 
Central Railroad, from Baltimore to Marys- 
ville, and from York to Wrightsville, for a 
time having charge of a gang of men. Mr. 
Lentz built some of the finest buildings now 
standing in York county, especially in Spring- 
field township, having employed from ten to 
sixteen skilled mechanics. He followed con- 
tracting until 1866, in which year he, in com- 
pany with Fred Scott, purchased the old 
Falkemer homestead of 234 acres. He also 
owned the old homestead of 100 acres. Mr. 
Lentz now resides on a small place of six 

Harris Lentz married Malinda Beck, 
daughter of Adam Beck, of North Codorus 
township, and they had these children : Noah, 
born Oct. 15, 1859, married Sarah Stiles, and 
lives in York; Sarah A., born May 21,. 1861, 
married Frederick Tyson, a carpenter of 
York; Lydia A., born Oct. 13, 1862, died Aug. 
13, 1866; Ameline, born Nov. 2, 1864, died 
Aug. 2, 1865 ; Cornelius, born July 3, 1867. 
married Ida Illus, and at present is township 
supervisor of Springfield township; Anna 
Mary, born Oct. 23, 1869, married John 
Mecklev. of Springfield township; Mageie.- 
born Feb. 22, 1872, married xA.ugustus Doll. 



of York; William H., born May 13, 1874, 
married Katie Stough, and is farmmg in 
Spring-field township; Arabella, born Oct. 24, 
1876, married William Roser, and also lives 
in that township; Harvey, born April 6, 1879, 
married Carrie Burns, of Spring-field town- 
ship; Harry, bom Feb. 20, 1881, married Ly- 
dia Krout, and they also live in Springfield 
township; Emanuel, born May 14, 1883, mar- 
ried Daisy Kerchner, of Shrewsbury town- 
ship, and is living at home; and Charles E. 
C, born May 26, 1886, is living with his 
brother, Harry. 

Politically Mr. Lentz is a Democrat, and 
was elected director of the poor in 1902, a 
position he has held up to the present date.^ He 
is a member of Paradise Lutheran Church, in 
which he has held the office of elder for a 
number of years. He is considered one of 
Springfield township's representative men, 
and is highly esteemed in the township for his 
many sterling traits of character. 

JOSEPH DISE. In a publication which 
purports to touch upon the history of the men 
and forces whose contribution to the develop- 
ment and material and civil prosperity of York 
county has been of distinctive scope and im- 
portance, it is imperative that definite mention 
be made of Joseph Dise, who is one of the 
most honored citizens and most prominent 
business men of the attractive and thriving 
little city of Glen Rock, where he has main- 
tained his home for many years. He is a na- 
tive of York county, and in both paternal and 
maternal lines comes of old and honored fam- 
ilies of this section of Pennsylvania. Aside 
from his particularly successful career as a 
business man and his precedence as a worthy 
and public-spirited citizen, to him also belongs 
the distinction of being a veteran of the Civil 
war, in which he rendered loyal service. 

The Dise family was founded in York 
county in the early pioneer epoch, the first rep- 
resentatives of the name having located here 
in the latter years of the eighteenth century, 
as is manifest from the fact that Henry M. 
Dise, grandfather of our subject, came from 
the upper part of the State, or from along the 
Susquehanna river, and settled in Springfield 
township, York county, there passing the rest 
of his life. He was a blacksmith by trade and 
vocation, and also became the owner of val- 

uable real estate, being one of the influential 
citizens of his township. His wife, whose, 
maiden name was Falkenstine, died there also. 
They were the parents of five children, all of 
whom except John F. and William are now de- 
ceased, namely: David, Henry, John F., Will- 
iam F. and Mandilla, the last named having 
become the wife of Ephraim Trout. 

Henry Dise, father of our subject, was 
born in Springfield township, York county, 
Feb. 22, 1820, and there passed the greater 
portion of his life, having been a carpenter by 
trade and vocation. His death, the result of 
an accident, occurred May 13, 1853, when he 
was aged thirty-three years, two months and 
twenty-one days. He was a young man of 
sterling character, and was taken from the 
scene of life's endeavors in the very flower of 
his vigorous young manhood. He married 
Miss Eve Seitz, who was born May 29, 1823, 
and was reared in York county, daughter of 
Rev. John Seitz, who was for many years 
here prominent as a local preacher of the Evan- 
gelical Church, and who was a member of one 
of the prominent pioneer families of the 
county, as was also his wife, whose maiden 
name was Elizabeth Stabley. Rev. John and 
Elizabeth Steiz became the parents of seven- 
teen children, and many descendants still re- 
main in the county, the names of the children 
who attained maturity having been as follows : 
Daniel, Jacob, Benjamin, Samuel, John. 
George, Noah, Adam S.. Joseph, Elizabeth 
(Mrs. Henry Meyers), Lena (Mrs. Joseph 
Sykes),' Christina (Mrs. William Ludwig). 
Catherine (Mrs. Francis Grove), and Eve 
(mother of our subject). Mrs. Eve (Seitz) 
Dise survived her husband many years, and 
was summoned to the life eternal Nov. 4. 1882. 
aged fifty-nine years, five months and seven 
days. Henry Dise and wife became the par- 
ents of five children, as follows: Benjamin is 
a resident of Avis, Pa., and is a minister of 
the Lutheran Church; Uriah S. is engaged in 
manufacturing at Glen Rock, Pa. ; Anna Mary 
is the wife of Lyman B. Moody, of Glen Rock: 
Leah E. is the' wife of Jacob W. Herbst. of 
Seitzland ; and Joseph is mentioned below. 

Joseph Dise was born in Springfield town- 
ship, York Co., Pa., Oct. 8, 1849, and was but 
four years of age at the time of his father's 
death. At the age of six he was placed in the 
liome of his uncle, Adam S. Seitz. of Spring- 




field township, with whom he remained one 
year, after which he was reared to the age of 
fourteen years in the home of his paternal 
uncle, John F. Dise, a well-known farmer of 
Shrewsbury township. In the public schools 
of his native township he secured his early 
educational discipline, which he later as a 
young man supplemented by appreciative study 
in nig'ht school at Glen Rock. He continued to 
devote the major portion of his time to farm 
work during his youth, and was thus engaged 
at the time of the outbreak of the war of the 
Rebellion. In 1864, though not yet sixteen 
years of age, he manifested his patriotic ardor 
by tendering his services in defense of the 
Union, enlisted in Company H, 79th P. V. I., 
and was mustered in at Harrisburg. His com- 
mand was assigned to the Army of the Cum- 
berland, 3d Brigade, ist Division, 14th Army 
Corps, and from September, 1864, until the 
latter part of the following December, he was 
detailed on special duty in the quartermaster's 
department in front of Petersburg. On making 
delivery of ammunition on the line of the Wel- 
don railroad, his tent mate was killed by the ex- 
plosion of a shell, he himself having- a narrow 
escape. Mr. Dise participated in the battle 
of Bentonville and several spirited skirmishes, 
and at the time of the surrender of Gen. 
Johnston his regiment was encamped on Cape 
Fear river. North Carolina, from which point 
the command forthwith started for the Fed- 
eral capital, marching altogether a distance of 
1,100 miles in the pursuit of Johnston and 
afterwards to the Federal capital, requiring 
about two months' time, and arriving in Wash- 
ington May 22, 1865. With Sherman's forces 
he participated in the historic Grand Review, 
on the 24th of that month, and on the 12th of 
the following July he was mustered out, near 
Fairfax Seminary, while he received his pay 
and honorable discharge on the 17th of the 
latter month, at Camp Cadwalader, in the city 
of Philadelphia. In Lancaster, the following 
day, the regiment was tendered an enthusiastic 
reception by the people of the city and sur- 
rounding country, the occasion being a notable 

After thus closing his military career Mr. 
Dise returned to York county, where he was 
variously employed until April, 1867, when 
he located in the village of Glen Rock, where 
he served an apprenticeship at the carpenter's 

trade, becoming a skilled workman and gain- 
ing the status of a journeyman after serving 
two and one-half years. Thereafter he en- 
gaged in contracting and building, employing 
several men, and continued operations along 
this line about one year. In 1871 he entered 
into partnership with Edward Anderson, in 
the same field of enterprise, and shortly after- 
ward he erected a store at the corner of Main 
and Baltimore streets, in Glen Rock, and 
there established himself in the furniture busi- 
ness, in partnership with Mr. Anderson, this 
being the first furniture store in the town. The 
enterprise proved a very successful one, and 
Mr. Dise continued to be actively identified 
with the same until April, 1875, '^^'lien he sold 
out and turned his attention to the retail lum- 
ber business, in connection with the manufact- 
uring of sash, doors, etc., in which undertak- 
ing he was associated with other residents of 
Glen Rock. He had charge of the factory in 
the capacity of manager until March i. 1877, 
when he purchased a third interest in the busi- 
ness, which at that time was at a low ebb. He 
infused such energy and discrimination into 
the management of the concern that the busi- 
ness soon began to advance in scope and im- 
portance, and he has ever since continued to be 
identified with the same, which represents at 
the present time one of the leading industrial 
enterprises of Glen Rock, the general manage- 
ment being retained by Mr. Dise. Soon after 
becoming associated with this business he also 
took up the study of architecture, for which he 
manifested a distinct predilection and talent, 
becoming very proficient, and soon assuming 
the work of executing the drawings and plans 
for the major portion of the contracts entered 
into by the firm of which he was a member, 
the business having been originally conducted 
under the title of Hoshour, Dise & Co., while 
in March, 1894, it was incorporated as the Glen 
Manufacturing Co. Mr. Dise was made treas- 
urer and general manager of the company, of 
which he is one of the largest stockholders, and 
this dual office he still retains. The company 
has a fine modern plant and gives employment 
to a corps of about seventy men the year round. 
Work of the best grade is turned out and the 
concern has a high reputation on this score as 
well as on that of reliability and fair dealing, * 

all work being turned out on order or on con- 
tract. It is a recognized fact that the upbuild- 



ing- i"f this important industiy has been prin- 
cipally accomplished through the efforts and 
able administration of Mr. Dise. In his pro- 
fessional work he has to his credit many fine 
residences, principally in Middletown, Harris- 
burg and other parts of Pennsylvania, and at 
Roland Park and other leading and exclusive 
suburbs of Baltimore, Md. ; while in addition 
may be mentioned upwards of twenty-five 
church buildings scattered over a large portion 
of Pennsylvania and parts of Maryland. 

In 1886, owing to rumors of oflicial mal- 
feasance and mismanagement, the depositors 
of the First National Bank became alarmed and 
instituted a heavy run on the institution, the 
withdrawal of deposits being such as to 
threaten the ruin of the concern. The result 
was that all but one of its officials were prose- 
cuted and finally sentenced to the penitentiary, 
and at this critical period of the bank's history 
Mr. Dise assumed charge of its administrative 
affairs, taking a block of its stock and becom- 
ing a member of its directorate. Through his 
advice and efforts a reorganization of the bank 
was accomplished, and its affairs were placed 
upon a solid basis, while public confidence was 
soon regained, our subject having been chosen 
president of the bank and having turned his 
splendid energies to administering its affairs. 
The deposit ledger soon gave most flattering 
assurance, and the list of patrons includes not 
only the original supporters but also many new 
ones, while the institution is regarded as one 
of the solid and ably conducted banking houses 
of this county. Mr. Dise has otherwise shown 
his versatility and enterprising spirit. In 1895 
he was one of those prominently concerned in 
the organization of the Glen Rock Wire Cloth 
Co., of Glen Rock,, of which he was a large 
stockholder, president and director for a num- 
ber of years, and in 1890 he organized the In- 
dustrial Sewing Co., of Glen Rock, being one 
of the principal stockholders of the concern, 
which now affords emplo}'ment to alDout one 
hundred and sixty operatives. In public affairs 
of a local nature Mr. Dise has shown a 
hvely and helpful interest at all times, especially 
in all that pertains to his home town. In 1900 
he was elected a member of the village council, 
and while incumbent of that position it was 
largely due to his progressive attitude and de- 
termined advocacy that the securing of an ordi- 
nance providing for the establishing and main- 

taining of the waterworks system was made 
certain. He met with vigorous opposition on 
the part of many taxpayers, but they all admit 
the wisdom of his course and fully appreciate 
the value of the fine water system which Glen 
Rock enjoys to-day. For six years our sub- 
ject served as secretary of the local board of 
education, and it may well be said that he has 
identified himself most intimately with the so- 
cial, civic, public and business affairs of the 
thriving little city which is the center of so 
much of his interest. In politics Mr. Dise 
gives his allegiance to the Republican party, 
while his religious faith is indicated in his 
prominent identification with the Lutheran 
Church. He was for several years leader of 
the church choir, has been for a number of 
years pnst a member of the official board, while 
since 1883 he has been treasurer of the church. 
For the past thirty-five years he has been a 
valued teacher in the Simday-school, while it 
may be also noted that Mrs. Dise likewise is 
prominent in the various departments of the 
church work, as she is also in the best social 
life of the town. In 1872 Mr. Dise associated 
himself with an equally enthusiastic coadjutor, 
Mr. Nathaniel Z. Seitz, and effected the organ- 
ization of what is known as the Glen Rock 
Musical Association, which has grown to be 
an important adjunct to the social and artistic 
life of the community. For eight years Mr. 
Dise was leader and conductor of the said asso- 
ciation, which has attained a national reputa- 
tion, having given concerts in various sections 
of the United States and Canada, by special 
invitation, and having- met with most gratify- 
ing- receptions. Mr. Dise has made a thorough 
study of music, and aside from his interpreta- 
tive skill he has also composed and published a 
number of attractive band scores which have 
gained marked popularity throughout the 
Union. He wrote a prize composition for the 
State Musical Association which met in Evans- 
ville, Ind., and his selection not only gained 
the prize, but also the hearty approval of musi- 
cal critics of high reputation. 

On Nov. 7, 1872, was solemnized the mar- 
riage of Mr. Dise to Miss Amanda Frey, of 
Freystown. this county, where she was born 
and reared, the place, which was founded by 
her grandfather, being now a part of the city 
of York. To this union came children as fol- 
lows : Charlotte N., wife of Rev. Elmer E. 



Schantz, a clergyman of the Lutheran Church, 
residing in Gordon, Pa. ; Robert E., who 
died at the age of four years; Homer A., a 
student, class of 1906, of the University of 
Pennsyh-ania ; Mary E., who died at the age of 
fourteen years; Joseph I., a student in the Uni- 
versity of Pennsylvania, class of 1909; Alvin 
P., attending the York Collegiate Institute, of 
York; and Orin K., attending the public 

ANDREW KEENER, living in Windsor 
township, was born July 6, 1836, in that town- 
ship, son of Henry and Catherine (Wise) 

Henry Keener wa$ a tailor by trade, and 
he and his wife were the parents of these chil- 
dren : Henry, deceased ; Jake, deceased ; Wil- 
liam, deceased; Joseph; Andrew, our sub- 
ject; Alexander, deceased; and Susan, Lydia, 
Ann, Caroline and Jane, all deceased. 

Andrew Keener attended the township 
school near Felton, during the winter terms, 
but the bad condition of the roads kept him at 
home very often. During the summer, Mr. 
Keener worked at farming, which has been 
his chief occupation all his life. On Oct. 31, 
1857, Mr. Keener married Miss Elizabeth 
Shoff, born in Chanceford township, July 20, 
1835, daughter of Christian and Catherine 
( Markle) Shoff. Mr. Shoff was a day laborer 
and the children born to him and his wife 
were : Eve, deceased ; Zacharias, who lives 
near McCall's Ferry; Elizabeth, wife of Mr. 
Keener; Henry; Annie, deceased; Ruby, de- 
ce:ised ; and Fanny. 

After his marriage Mr. Keener located on 
his father's farm for a while, and afterward 
lived at various places, finally settling on his 
present home, then a piece of five acres, in the 
spring of 1870. He later added land to his 
original purchase, and sold a part for building 
lots. Mr. Keener has been ver}^ successful, 
and is counted one of the substantial men of 
the community. The family are valued and 
consistent members of the United Brethren 
Church, to which Mr. Keener is a liberal con- 
tributor. Politically he is a Democrat. 

Mr. and Mrs. Keener are the parents of the 
following children: Cathrine E., born Sept. 
.^. 1858, died at the age of four 3'ears; Susan, 
born Sept. 18, 1859. married (first) Leander 
Hess, and (second) Daniel Smith, and she re- 

sides in North York; Mary M., born in No- 
\ember, 1861, died young; Caroline E., born 
Nov. 30, 1862; Christian Henry, twin to Car- 
oline E., born Nov. 30, 1862, married Mary 
Ellen Shrane, and they reside in Red Lion ; 
John I., born Aug. 6, 1865, married Catherine 
Sheaffer, and they reside in Red Lion; Jacob 
A., born Feb. 28, 1S68, married Ida Runkle, 
and they reside in Red Lion; Alice M., twin to 
Jacob, died in young womanhood ; Pious A., 
born July 10, 1870, married Tillie Smeltzer, 
and they live at home ; and Laura J., born June 
15, 1873, married a Mr. Isensmith, of Dallas- 

WILLIS W. STAUFFER, a well known 
educator of York county and principal of the 
Red Lion schools, comes of an ancestry origin- 
ally German, and the name in that language im- 
plied a "staffbearer." The great-grandfather 
of ^Villis Stauffer was one of three brothers 
who came to this country before the Revolu- 
tion and settled in Cumberland, Lancaster and 
York counties, respectively. 

The paternal grandfather was born in York 
county and passed his life on a farm near 
Frej'sville now "Bollinger's farm." He was 
also a preacher in the Mennonite Church and 
officiated in the Stony Brook Church, where his 
son Moses is now installed as minister. Both 
he and his w'ife died on their farm home. The 
children were as follows : David, a cracker 
manufacturer of York; Jacob, who died in 
Riverton, Cumberland county ; Moses ; Joseph ; 
Ryal, Mrs. Cormony, of York; Mrs. Ziegler, 
who died in Freys-\'ille ; and Lydia, Mrs. Fred- 
erick Vineka, of Wagner's ore bank. 

Joseph Stauffer was born on the Freys- 
ville homestead, and alike as boy and man fol- 
lowed farming. He remained on the old place 
until 1884, and then removed to his present 
property in West Manchester township. He 
married Miss Lizzie Winter, and they had the 
following children : Willis W. ; Harry, a 
blacksmith living at home and married to Miss 
Lizzie Moul : Charles, of West Manchester 
township, who married Miss Carrie Zarfoss; 
and an adopted daughter, Mary Myers. Mr. 
Stauffer. who has held several township of- 
fices, is a Democrat in politics and a member 
of the Lutheran Church, while his wife belongs 
to the Reformed Church. 

Willis W. Stauffer was born on his grand- 

1 64 


father's farm, Oct. 28, 1876. His education 
■was begun in the FreysviUe school, where he 
went for one term to old Prof. Kauffman, but 
after his father moved to West Manchester 
township, he went to the public schools there, 
conthiuing till he was eighteen years old. Be- 
ing of a true student's nature, he determined to 
follow the profession of a teacher, and as a 
step toward preparing himself he spent one 
full year and two spring terms in the County 
Normal School at York, studying under Profs. 
Grass and Crowell. He took his first teacher's 
examination when he was twenty years old, and 
began his work in 1897, at Loucks school in 
West Manchester. The spring of 1898, and 
that of the following year, he spent in the West 
Chester Normal School, and then taught two 
terms in the home school. During the second 
he was successful in starting a fine school li- 
brary. After two terms more at the \Vest 
Chester Normal, Mr. Stauffer was appointed 
principal of the public schools of Hallton, Elk 
county, and two years later, in the fall of 1904, 
he received his appointment, as principal of the 
Red Lion schools, where he has remained. 
Since locating at Red Lion, he has started a 
Normal school there, which opens in April 
sometime, and continues eight weeks each year. 
He also inaugurated a successful course of lec- 
tures this last winter, which is to be repeated 
again next season. 

In Mr. Stauffer's early days even while in 
York Academy, he displayed a marked literary 
taste, and belonged to the school literary so- 
ciety. As a teacher he has always been active 
in starting township institutes and did much to 
promote the West Manchester literary society, 
as well as the one in Red Lion, later. He has 
also instituted debates on questions of the day, 
with the New Salem Literary Society, and in 
fact throughout the county the cause of educa- 
tion has received much impetus form Mr. 
Stauffer's ability and enthusiasm. Politically 
Mr. Stauffer is a Democrat, and cast hi« first 
vote for Parker. He united originally with the 
Lutheran Church at his old home, but since re- 
siding in Red Lion has transferred his member- 
ship to the Church there. He has always been 
active in the church, particularly along musical 
lines, organized a church choir at the Hallton 
Methodist Church, and was a member of the 
choir during his school days. He has secured 
his education almost entirely by his own efforts, 
earning the money to pay for his tuition. 

Mr. Stauffer was married in Hallton, Elk 
county, Aug. 26, 1903, to Miss Grace B. l\Ioh- 
ney, aaughter of Silas and Maggie Mohney, 
the former deceased. To this union has come 
one child, a daughter named Ethel. 

sentative business man of the younger genera- 
tion in the lower end of York count}-, where he 
has resided from the time of his birth, is a 
leading manufacturer of the county, his plant 
and headcjuarters being in the town of Yoe. He 
was born in York county, in the immediate 
vicinity of the present borough of Shrewsbury, 
Oct. I, 1865, youngest of the six children of 
Henry F. and Anna Y. (Keeney) Taylor. 

Henry F. Taylor now makes his home in 
Dallastown; his wife, Anna Y. Keene}', daugh- 
ter of the late John Keeney, died in April, 1899. 
Only four of their six children are still living. 

James K. Taylor passed his boyhood in the 
vicinity of his birth place, and was practically 
reared to the discipline of the farm, while in 
the district schools common to the rural local- 
ities he secured his preliminary educational 
training. His public-school work was supple- 
mented by three terms in the Normal Depart- 
ment of York County Academy, at York, where 
he fitted himself for teaching, and became the 
instructor in one of the district schools in 
York township when eighteen j^ears of age. He 
has pronounced talent, however, in another di- 
rection. As a penman he displayed much ar- 
tistic ability and facility, and this talent se- 
cured him no little recognition in an incidental 
way. After three seasons of successful work as 
a teacher, under the county superintendency 
of D. G. Williams and H. C. Brenneman, he 
decided to turn his attention to the "eirt pre- 
servative of all arts," for which he manifested 
no slight predilection. Readily and with due 
appreciation he mastered the intricacies of the 
printing business, and several years were de- 
voted to woYking for different persons engaged 
in business along this line. Mr. Taylor was 
not satisfied, however, and his ambition soon 
led him to formulate plans to engage in busi- 
ness for himself, and he forthwith began can- 
vassing the situation and devising ways and 
means. Realizing that considerable capital 
would be demanded to inaugurate an enterprise 
of very considerable scope, he w.isely decided to 
begin operations upon a modest scale, and ac- 
cordingly, Feb. II, 1892, he purchased six 



small fonts of tj'pe and a small Dorman hand 
press, capable of printing a form five by seven 
and one-half inches, and with this little equip- 
ment initiated the business which has now 
grown to be one of considerable scope, as the 
result of his energy and able management. 
To-day Mr. Taylor owns the finely appointed 
plant and businesses conducted under the titles 
of the Yoe Printing Co., and the Taylor Cal- 
endar Co., and his concerns have gained repu- 
tations which transcend the limits of the State 
of Pennsylvania. With his six fonts of type 
and small press Mr. Taylor began the printing 
of cards, note-heads, envelopes, etc., at his res- 
idence, then in Jacobus, this county. He was 
his own solicitor by day, journeyman printer 
bv night and bookkeeper at intervals. Trials 
and tribulations were encountered on every, 
hand, and at times the outlook was far from 
alluring, Mr. Taylor's greatest worriment be- 
ing his inability to have an office of adequate 
equipment to enable him to turn out a great 
amount of work which was tendered him, and 
which he was compelled to refuse for lack of 
proper facilities. Many a time, in the coldest 
days. of winter and the hottest of summer, he 
was his own pack-mule, never having been 
troubled with false pride. With finished work 
that would weigh i6o pounds he would trudge 
from one town to another to deliver the same, 
which he carried on his back. His persever- 
ence and unremitting application brought the 
business to a prosperous standpoint. The 
enterprise at that time was conducted un- 
der the title of the Jacobus Printing Co. New 
type, larger presses and other mechanical ac- 
cessories became necessary, and Mr. Taylor 
made additions to his equipment as rapidly as 
he felt justified, and finally, almost before he 
realized the condition, he found himself in con- 
trol of a plant from which could be turned out 
almost anything desired in the printing or 
paper line. His specialty from the inception 
of the business was mercantile work, and his 
motto is at the present time. "If it's made of 
paper, we have it." Novelties of every descrip- 
tion are now to be had from this admirable es- 
tablishment, and special features are cartons, 
cigar-cases, cigar pouches, telescope pouches, 
calendars and fans for advertising purposes, 
besides book, job, half-tone and lithogravure 
printing of the highest class. The goods of 
this company go into all parts of the Union, 

and while the establishment is one of the most 
prosperous and well equipped under ]Mr. Tay- 
lor's management, the enterprise can hardly 
be said to be more than an "infant industry," 
for with the application of his originality, push 
and marked power of initiative, a prediction 
as to the ultimate magnitude of the business is 
difficult to make. A year ago the Taylor Cal- 
endar Company was organized to take care of 
the wholesale part of the calendar business, and 
it has already assumed great proportions. The 
two concerns are rated in both Bradstreet's and 
Dun's mercantile books. Mr. Taylor has made 
his field of business brighter by a number of 
years of patient toil and hard, indomitable ap- 
plication. Among his most valvied possessions 
to-day is the little Dorman press, which stands 
silent in the midst of the fine modern machinery 
of a thoroughly first-class printing establish- 
ment, and the estimate which he places on the 
primitive little press is based on his full ap- 
preciation of the fact that it was the nucleus of 
the present large business enterprise. 

On July 13, 1888, was solemnized the mar- 
riage of Mr. Taylor to Miss Emma Jane 
Hengst, who was born and reared in this coun- 
ty, a daughter of John and Fienna (Knaub) 
Hengst, old and honored residents of York 
county. In his home are centered our sub- 
ject's highest hopes, affections and interests, 
and the conditions are ideal in their nature. 
About the pleasant hearthstone of the 
home are the following named children : 
Ada Idella, Austin James, Edna Grace, 
Florence Estella, Mabel Minerva. • Emma 
Leona, Herold DeWitt, Dwight Clement 
and Kenneth Hengst. Both Mr. and Mrs. 
Taylor are zealous and de\'Oted members 
of the United Evangelical Church, in which he 
has been a most active and valued worker. 
Several years ago, as a mark of appreciation of 
his zeal and his ability as a Bible student and 
expounder, the church ordained him as a 
preacher, and he frequently occupies the pul- 
pit. Notwithstanding the exactions of his busi- 
ness and the manifold claims upon his time and 
attention. Mr. Taylor takes a deep interest in 
everything connected with the material and 
civic welfare of his home town, freely giving 
his time and energies, as well as his financial 
support, to those movements which tend to con- 
serve the general good. He is identified with a 
number of fraternal and other organizations. 

1 66 


STEPHEN S. SECHRIST, a well-known 
business man of the borough of Red Lion, in 
York county, comes of a family which has long 
been located in this region. His grandfather 
was a farmer and distiller in Chanceford town- 
ship, where he owned a large farm, and was 
widely known in his section. He hauled his 
whiskey to Baltimore for sale. He was twice 
married, and had children by both unions. 

John Sechrist, father of Stephen S., was 
born in Chanceford township in 1813, and was 
a farmer all his life, during his early manhood 
also driving team for his father, taking the 
product of his distillery to Baltimore. He was 
given the advantages of a common-school edu- 
cation, and made such good use of his oppor- 
tunities that he became a prosperous and re- 
spected man. After his marriage he settled on 
the farm of 149 acres in Chanceford township, 
which was his home for fifty-six years, during 
which period he was successfully engaged in 
general farming. At the end of that time he 
sold the place and removed to Red Lion, where 
he passed the rest of his days in retirement, 
dying in 1901, at the advanced age of eighty- 
eight years. Mr. Sechrist was a lifelong Demo- 
crat, and an ardent supporter of the principles 
of his party, but he could never be induced to 
accept public office. He was a devout Christian, 
was a member of Trinity Evangelical Church 
of Chanceford, of which he served many years 
as trustee, being quite active in church work. 
He endeavored to live up to the teachings of 
the faith he professed, and practiced fair deal- 
ing in all his transactions. 

John Sechrist married Susan Fry, daugh- 
ter of Jacob Fry, and she still sur\nves, at the 
age of eighty-three years ; she has been a mem- 
ber of the Evangelical Church, and active in 
its work. To Mr. and Mrs. Sechrist were born 
nine children, as follows: Henry F., a farmer 
of Chanceford township, who married Sarah 
Richard ; Jacob, formerly a farmer, now super- 
visor in Dallastown, who married Mary 
Schaull ; Amos, who was also reared to farm- 
ing, but is now engaged in cigar manufactur- 
ing in Red Lion (he married Sarah Craley) ; 
Leah. Mrs. Emanuel Stabley. who died in the 
summer of 1904; Lizzie, unmarried; James, of 
Berwick, Pa., a United Evangelical minister, 
who married Delia Reichard ; Stephen S.. men- 
tioned below ; William, who died when eight 
years old; and John F., a cigar manufacturer 
of Freysville, York county. 

Stephen S. Sechrist was born March 24, 
1857, in Chanceford township, York county, 
on the old home farm previously mentioned, 
and received his early education in the local 
public schools, which he attended from the age 
of six years until he was sixteen. For a short 
time he was a pupil at the Union Seminary, at 
New Berlin. Pa., and at the early age of eight- 
een he began teaching, in the home school in 
Chanceford township. He continued to follow 
that profession for sixteen consecutive school 
terms, being engaged at Dallastown. Red Lion 
and Windsor, all in York county. He first 
commenced his present business at Red Lion 
on a small scale, in 1884, and continued to con- 
duct the factory until 1899, when he formed 
his present partnership with T. E. Brooks and 
D. A. Horn, the firm being known as the Porto 
Rico Cigar Co., of which he has always been 
treasurer. The business increased rapidly 
from the start, and the firm now has the larg- 
est factory in the borough, occupying- a build- 
ing 35 X 85 feet in dimensions, with room for 
100 employees ; it is a substantial brick struct- 
ure and was erected in 1900. The Porto Rico 
Cigar Co. manufactures all grades of cigars 
from those that sell for two for five cents up 
to the ten-cent varieties, and also deals larg'ely 
in leaf tobacco, doing a prosperous business in 
both lines. There is no doubt that the ex- 
cellent financial condition of the company's af- 
fairs is due principally to the sound judgment 
and good management of the founders of the 
business, for Mr. Sechrist has alwaj-s ranked 
among the most reliable men in the borough 
since he took up his residence there. Begin- 
ning with a small shop, he has worked his way 
to a place among the leaders in his line in this 
section, without aid from anyone, and he is 
accordingly regarded with the utmost respect 
by his business associates and fellow townsmen 
generally. For the past three years he has been 
one of the directors of the First National Bank 
of Red Lion, and in all his business relations' 
enjoys the merited confidence of those with 
whom he has dealings. He has been identified 
with the local civil administration as member 
of the borough council and school director, in 
which offices he discharged his duties with the 
fidelity and efficiency which might have been 
expected of an enterprising business man. who 
understands the necessity for promptness and 
straightforwardness in municipal affairs as 
well as in private undertakings. He is a stanch 



Democrat in political faith, and takes part in 
the religious life of the community as a mem- 
ber of the United Evangelical Church. Socially 
he is an Odd Fellow, holding membership in 
Katahdin Lodge, at Red Lion. 

Mr. Sechrist was married in Windsor 
township, York county, Sept. 11, 1883, to Miss 
Susan G. Stine, daughter of Daniel and Susan 
(Grove) Stine, and they have had four chil- 
dren. Bertha (wife of Charles F. Zarfos), 
James and Elsie, living, and Stella, deceased. 
The home occupied by the family is conceded 
to be one of the finest in the borough. 

DAVID A. MILLER, merchant in Red 
Lion, comes of a family long known in Penn- 
sylvania, for the old Miller homestead was 
originally purchased from William Penn him- 
self, by the great-grandfather of David A. 
Miller, and it remained among the descendants 
for over 100 years, but is at present occupied 
by W. Blouse. 

Michael Miller, son of the original pur- 
chaser, lived on the homestead first, but later 
bought another farm to which he moved for 
a while, afterward selling this property to his 
son Jacob. Michael Miller lived to the age of 
eighty-eight years. His wife's maiden name 
was Sellers. 

Jacob Miller, son of Michael, was born 
on the homestead in Windsor township, and 
was a lifelong farmer. He bought the old 
home from his father and lived there till he 
was sixty-five, when he retired to Red Lion, 
and gave up all active part in affairs for the 
ten years intervening before his death in 1895. 
A member of the Reformed Church, he was al- 
ways prominent in its work and filled various 
church offices. A Republican in politics, he 
was elected to several township positions. 
Mr. Miller married Miss Mary Ann Anstine, 
who was born and brought up in Lower Wind- 
sor township. Her father was George An- 
stine, a Revolutionary soldier, and her moth- 
er's maiden name was Smith. Mrs. Miller 
bore her husband ten children, of whom three 
died in infancv. The others were : Catherine, 
Mrs. Jacob Flinchbaugh. of Red Lion; Will- 
iam H., deceased; Malinda, Mrs. Pius Kersey, 
of Dallastown ; Eliza Jane ; Ellen, wife of Rev. 
G. Grover, of Stark county, Ohio; Jacob A., 
of Red Lion ; and David A. 

David A. Miller was born on his father's 

farm in 1849, and lived there till he was eight- 
een years old, attending the Miller school. His 
first teacher was Mr. Hollinger, while he fin- 
ished under Miss Annie Dietz. Jacob Miller 
was an almost daily visitor at school during 
the sessions of four and five months, and kept 
careful watch to insure his children's studying, 
hard, and improving every moment. The 
teachers boarded in the family, and additional 
help was given to the youthful students in the 

At the age of eighteen Da\'id A. Miller 
left home to go into the tanning and currying 
establishment of J. Klump, of Marietta, Pa., 
and then, after two years there, went west to 
Canton, Ohio, where he worked as a journey- 
man. The next year was spent in the lumber 
camps of Michigan, whence he made his way 
to Lincoln, Nebraska, and there secured em- 
ployment from the Chicago, Burlington & 
Ouincy Railroad, in laying the track to Den- 
ver. This occupied him for six months, the 
next three were spent in grading the road 
from Georgetown, Colo., to Deadwood, and 
then for two years and a half he traveled about 
taking any employment he could get, and mak- 
ing his way finally down along the Pacific 
Coast to Mexico. He never had any difficult3r 
in securing work for he was a good mechanic 
and could turn his hand to anything. In 1882 
Mr. Miller returned home and became a part- 
ner with his brother, J. A. Miller, who was 
running a general store, grain elevator and 
lumber yard. After three years' experience 
with him David A. Miller went into business 
for himself, opening the first bakery in Red 
Lion, and conducted it for four years. His 
next enterprise was in a cigar and leaf tobacco 
business in the same city, and there, three years 
later, in 1897, he opened the general store 
which has ever since absorbed most of his at- 
tention. He is wide awake and progressive, 
and his store is the largest of its kind in town. 

Mr. Miller was united to his wife, wdiose 
maiden name was Agnes S. Dietz, in Ma3^ 
1886. Mrs. Miller was a dausfhter of the late 
Jacob Dietz, of Hellam township, and his wife 
Sarah (Louck) Dietz. One son, Luther, was 
born to Mr. and Mrs. Miller, but he died in in- 
fancy. Mr. Miller is a member of the Re- 
formed Church. Politically he is a Republi- 
can. He was one of the organizers of the 
Farmers and Merchants Bank, and has been a 
director in it ever since. 

1 68 


to an old York county family, being the grand- 
son of Joseph Graybill, who was a distiller 
and the owner of several farms in West Man- 
chester township, and who, in his earlier man- 
hood, carried ireight by wagon to Baltimore. 
Captain Graybill's father, Samuel Graybill. 
who died in' i'882, aged seventy-three years, 
%vas a farmer for many years and for the last 
fifteen years of his life, a horticulturist, hn.v- 
ing been an extensive fruit grower near Yark. 

Captain Graybill has had a very remark- 
able military career. He is the possessor of 
six military commissions, one of them, his 
captain's commission, having been signed by 
the late Matthew Stanley Quay, when Secre- 
tary of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, 
and his first cortimission during the war was 
signed by the late Charles A. Dana the as- 
sistant secretary of war. Captain Graybill 
enlisted in the Union army, in the War of the 
Rebellion, when only sixteen years old and 
was a commissioned officer before he was 
twenty, serving gallantly in Gen. John F. 
Hartranft's Third Division. He was commis- 
sioned first lieutenant of the York Zouaves, 
on Dec. 2. 1873, the commission being signed 
by John F. Hartranft and M. S. Quay. These 
Zoua\es afterward became Company A, 8th 
P. N. G., Captain Graybill commanding, and 
of this regiment he became quartermaster, serv- 
ing seven years in the National Guard; earlier 
he had been inspector general of the Fourth Di- 
vision. During the war Capt. Graybill partici- 
pated in many battles, and no soldier bears a 
better record. 

Next to his military career, Capt. Gray- 
bill has reason to be proud of his record as a 
volunteer fireman of York. He was one of the 
organizers of the Rescue Fire Company, of 
York, of which he was president for some 
years, and he also organized the Firemens 
Union, of York, of which he was also president 
for a time. The forming of this union gave the 
volunteer fire department of York its present 
solidity, and with all the diplomacy of which 
Capt. Graybill is possessed, it kept him busy 
for six months in getting the several fire com- 
panies of York together. Capt. Graybill was 
also honored with the presidency of the State 
Firemen's Association in 1885-86, and has in 
his office the complimentary resolution passed 
by that body at the close of his term of office. 

But it is not only in the fields of war, 
fire matters and insurance that Capt. Graybill 
is known, but also in the field of invention, he 
being the inventor of the Graybill Electro-AIed- 
ico, a device for administering medicines by 
means of the electric current (Patented, 1901), 
and also of the Rheostat, a device for control- 
ling electric currents (Patented Feb. 9, 1904). 

Capt. Graybill was married, Dec. 10, 1874, 
to Anna M. Detwiler, daughter of David Det- 
wiler, a farmer and capitalist of Wrightsville, 
who died Dec. 14, 1898. in his eighty-first 
year. One daughter was born of this union, 
Sarah, who died in August, 1876, aged ten 

Capt. Graybill controls one of the most ex- 
tensive insurance agencies in the interior of 
the State. He represents six fire insurance 
companies ; two life insurance companies — the 
New England Mutual and the Travelers ; and 
one plate glass company. The stability of his 
companies and his own reputation for integrity 
have brought him a very extensive business. 

ADAM KOHLER, who for nearly forty 
years has been identified with the business life 
of Dallastown, is a native of Pennsylvania, 
born in York county Jan. i, 1842, son of Ja- 
cob and Mary (Sechrist) Kohler. He was one 
of a large family, having five brothers and 
three sisters, as follows: George and Eli. de- 
ceased ; Jacob, of Nashville, York county ; 
John, a farmer in Chanceford township ; 
Charles, a cigar box manufacturer in Dallas- 
town; Mary, Mrs. Reuben E. Beard, of Phila- 
delphia; Leah, deceased, who married (first) 
Henry Neff and (second) William Snyder; 
and Cassandra, deceased wife of Henry flyers, 
of Red Lion. 

Adam Kohler was sent first to the public 
schools of York township, and when he had 
completed that preparatory course attended 
Cottage Hill College, York, where he was 
under the preceptorship of Prof. S. B. Heiges. 
After leaving the college he taught in his own 
township for seven terms and another in Dal- 
lastown, but he never adopted teaching as a 
permanent employment, and about 1866 en- 
gaged in business in Dallastown as a general 
merchant. For the next twenty years he was 
thus occupied, and during part of the time also 
conducted a cigar factory and carriage busi- 
ness, but in 1886 he disposed of his other in- 



terests, and has ever since devoted his atten- 
tion exclusively to manufacturing cigars. 

On May 28, 1870, Mr. Kohler was united 
in matrimony to Miss Alice Geesey, daughter 
of Samuel and Sallie (Reachard) Geesey, of 
York township. To this union six children 
have been born, namely : Claudia Estella, Mrs. 
Halbert Bayler, of York City ; Lillie May ; Al- 
verta Bell ; Mabel Garland ; Leona R. ; and 
Howard Lee, who is in business with his father. 

Mr. Kohler is a man of varied interests. 
He is a member of the school board, belongs to 
the I. O. O. F., Dallas Lodge, No. 1017, and 
his church associations are with Christ Evan- 
gelical Lutheran Church, of which he is a 
trustee. He is also an old army man, having 
enlisted in 1865 in Company G, 103d P. V. I., 
and served until the close of the war. For 
forty-two years Mr. Kohler has been well- 
known in connection with the Dallastown Band, 
one of the oldest musical organizations in the 
State, which he formed in 1862. This band 
has furnished music on many notable occa- 
sions, one of which was the funeral of Presi- 
dent Lincoln, in 1865, when Mr. Kohler was 
chosen to act as bugler. In all the relations of 
life he is highly esteemed and possesses the 
respect of his fellow citizens. 

a Lutheran minister of Codorus township, hold- 
ing the Jefferson charge, comes from one of 
York county's early families. 

William Ehrhart, his father, was born in 
Shrewsbury township, York Co., Pa., Oct. 18, 
1830, son of William and Ablena (Runk) Ehr- 
hart and grandson of William and Susanna 
Ehrhart. William and Ablena (Runk) Ehr- 
hart had three sons and four daughters, name- 
ly: William, father of our subject, who was 
the last survivor of the family ; Emanuel ; 
Henry ; Mary ; Maria, who married Peter Ful- 
ccmer ; Eliza, who married Harry Zeck, and 
Lucinda, who married Harry Gladfelter. 

In February, 1854, William Ehrhart mar- 
ried Eliza Stump, daughter of John and Mar- 
garet (Hall) Stump, and the following chil- 
dren were born to them : William Henry : 
Benjamin; Adam A., a farmer of York town- 
ship; Jesse; John, Lucy and Elizabeth, all three 
deceased ; and Catherine, who is unmarried and 
resided with her father in Dalhstown. The 
mother passed away April 22, 1902, and the 

father Feb. 6, 1906. During his boyhood Will- 
iam Ehrhart attended the pay school in his na- 
tive township, and after leaving school he went 
to work at farming, which was his occupation 
throughout his active years. He li\-ed in 
York township until April i, 1903, when he re- 
tired and moved to Dallastown. 

William H. Ehrhart was born in York 
township Oct. 26, 1861. He first attended the 
township schools, then the York County Aca- 
demy, and in 1884 was studying at Millers- 
ville, Lancaster county. After teaching in Dal- 
lastown and York township six terms he spent 
a year and a half at the drug business in Phila- 
delphia, and then resumed his studies. He 
graduated from Pennsylvania College, in 
Gettysburg, in 1893, ^"^1 from the Lutheran 
Theological Seminary with the class of 1896. 
His first charge was at Silver Run, Carroll Co., 
Md., where he remained seven years, and in the 
fall of 1903 he came to his present charge, 
known as the Jefferson ; it includes four 
churches, the St. Jacob's (or Stone) Church, 
Trinity, Zion and Bethlehem. Rev. Mr. Ehr- 
hart is an earnest and conscientious worker, 
and is doing goodi service in the congregations 
under his care, whei'e he has made many 
friends and gained much influence. 

Rev. Mr. Ehrhart married Emma A. Strine, 
daughter of Hon. E. Z. Strine, and they have 
two children, Janet Elizabeth and Kenneth 

Hon. E. Z. Strine, an ex-member of the 
House of Representatives of Pennsylvania, and 
a prominent lawyer, was born in Strinestown, 
Conewago township, June 11, 1842, a son of 
Peter S. and Margaret (Zeigler) Strine. Peter 
S. Strine was born in Conewago township in 
181 5, and his wife in Codorus township in 
181 7. He died in 1854, and is buried in L'nion 
cemetery, Manchester borough, but the mother 
survived some time and resided on the old 
homestead at Strinestown, until her death, at- 
taining an advanced age. Both were Dunk- 
ards, and gave their son a religious training 
from childhood. The great-grandfather, Peter 
Strine, a native of Germany, settled in Amer- 
ica during the middle of the eighteenth century 
and served under Gen. Washington in the Rev- 
olution. Margaret (Zeigler) Strine's parents 
were of German descent, her father, Daniel 
Zeigler, serving as a soldier in the defense of 
Baltimore in the war of 181 2-14. 



Hon. E. Z. Strine was employed on a farm 
during his youth. He was educated in the com- 
mon schools and ranked high as a scholar. He 
came to York in March, 1862, and was in the 
mercantile business until 1872, when he started 
as a law student in E. D. Zeigler's office. On 
Feb. 24, 1873, he was admitted to the Bar in 
York county, and since that time has been en- 
gaged in successful practice. He has been 
prominent in politics as a Democrat for thirty 
years, and in 1886 was elected a member of the 

Mr. Strine has always taken great interest 
in military affairs, and has the rank of cap- 
tain. He left York for Gettysburg July i, 
1863, to march with the 5th Corps, Union 
army, and the Pennsylvania Reserve Corps, 
from Hanover to Gettysburg during the night 
of the 1st of July, arriving on the Gettysburg- 
field on the morning of July 2d. He was pres- 
ent with the troops and saw the second day's 
battle. On July 3d, he was taken prisoner by 
the Federal forces as a Confederate spy, but 
after the military authorities heard the evidence 
offered and had proof of identification he was 
released. On July 12, 1866, he was commis- 
sioned second: lieutenant of the Zeigler Guards 
of York; May 12, 1868, first lieutenant of the 
Worth Infantry of York, and July 12, 1869, 
was made its captain ; he became captain of 
York Continental Rifles, late Company C, 8th 
■Regiment, N. G. P., on the loth day of Octo- 
ber, 1870, he organized the York Grays July 
4, 1875, and was commissioned captain of 
York Grays, Company A, 8th Regiment, N. 
G. P. He was recommissioned a number of 
times, and served until July 12, 1893, when he 
resigned, his name being placed on the roll of 
honor by order of Gov. Robert E. Pattison. He 
was present with his company and assisted in 
suppressing the Homestead riot. 

Mr. Strine was married in 1865 to Adaline 
Elizabeth Dehoff, a daughter of Amos M. and 
Emaline (Stambaugh) Dehoff. Mrs. Strine 
w-as born in West Manchester township Jan. 
4, 1846. Her great-grandfather was George 
Philip Dehoff, who was a Frenchman and set- 
tled in America during the eighteenth centurv. 
He served in the Revolutionary war under Gen. 
Washington, participating in a number of bat- 
tles, among them those of the Brandywine and 
Trenton, and also was at Valley Forge during 
the winter of 1777-78. Mr. and Mrs. Strine 

have two children, Emma A. and Ulysses S. 
Grant. The parents are members of Trinity 
Reformed Church of York. 

Ulysses S. G. Strine, who married Amanda 
Waring, daughter of George W. and Maria 
(Grim) Waring, was previously a student at 
York County Academy and was graduated 
from the York Collegiate Institute with the 
class of 1887. He was first sergeant of Com- 
pany A, 8th Regiment, N. G. P., from May, 
1884, to 1894, and was present with his com- 
pany at the Homestead Riot of 1902. He is 
now engaged in mercantile business. The fath- 
er of Mrs. Strine was born in Franklinville, 
Cattaraugus Co., N. Y., and her mother in Dal- 
lastown, York Co., Pa. Two children have 
been born to Mr. and Mrs. U. S. G. Strine, 
Janet Waring and Frances Lois. 

JOHN S. TRONE, former county re- 
corder of York county, and at the present time 
serving Heidelberg township as justice of the 
peace, comes from one of the pioneer families 
of the county. He was born in Heidelberg 
township, in 1856, son of John B. Trone, 
grandson of George, great-grandson of Abra- 
ham, and great-great-grandson of John 
Trone, who came from Germany and settled 
in Heidelberg township. 

In Heidelberg township John Trone re- 
ceived a grant of 250 acres of land, from 
Thomas Penn, March 31, 1762, recorded at 
Philadelphia, Pat. A. A., Vol. 3, page 155, 
with full claim and title, as follows : "Thomas 
Penn to George Trone; George Trone's heirs 
to John Trone; John Trone to Abraham 
Trone; Abraham Trone to George Trone; 
Sarah Trone's Heirs to George Trone; George 
Trone to Samuel and John B. Trone; Samuel 
and John B. Trone and wife to Adam Smith; 
Adam Smith to Reuben Sheffer ; Reuben Shef- 
fer to John B. Trone. Second part of tract : 
Daniel Forry to Andrew E. Rudisill ; Andrew 
E. Rudisill to John B. Trone ; Anna B. and 
John S. Trone, executors, to Alexander 
Beeker; Alexander Beeker to John S. Trone, 
March 31, 1892." The land is situated in 
Manheim township, now the central part of 
Heidelberg township, near Smith's Station, 
along the Western Maryland Railroad. 

Abraham Trone, son of John, carried on 
agricultural pursuits on this farm, and also 
served in the Re\-olutionarv war. He was 



twice married and had a family of seven chil- 

George Trone, son of Abraham, was the 
grandfather of our subject. He followed 
farming, and was a Mennonite minister. He 
married, and both he and his wife died on the 
old home. Their children were: Abraham, 
Samuel, Joseph, John B., George, Mary, Re- 
becca, Elizabeth, Kate and Sarah. 

John B. Trone was born Aug. 27, 1827, 
on the old homestead. He received a com- 
mon school education, and at the age of eight- 
een years began the blacksmithing business, 
which he followed at Trone's Stand, Smith's 
Station, for twenty-two years. He married 
first Eliza Shutt, daughter of Joseph Shutt, by 
whom he had five children, Valentine, Frank- 
lin, John S., Lizzie and Mary. Mr. Trone 
married (second) May 20, 1866, Annie Rohr- 
baugh, daughter of George and Sarah Rohr- 
baugh, and to this union six children were 
born : Charles, Joseph, George, one that died 
in infancy, Sarah and Alia Mary. The. greater 
part of Mr. Trone's life was spent in farming 
on his tract in Heidelberg township, where he 
died aged fifty-eight years. He was a member 
of the German Reformed Church, in which he 
took an active. part. Politically he was a Dem- 
ocrat, and held a number of township offices. 
John S. Trone attended the township 
schools, the graded school at Hanover and the 
academy at Glen Rock, and at the age of seven- 
teen years began teaching, in which he con- 
tinued for nine years. He then engaged in 
the mercantile business, at Sm'ith's Station, 
where he remained eight years. In 1884 he 
was elected justice of the peace and has held 
that office to the present time. In 1890 he 
was elected recorder of York county on the 
Democratic ticket, his majority being 4403, 
one of the largest ever received in the county. 
He filled that office to the satisfaction of all 
for three years, and was then appointed deputy 
recorder and deputy registrar of York coun- 
ey, serving for three years and eight months. 
He is one of York county's best known men, 
and is very popular with all. He is now en- 
gaged in the machine and fertilizer business 
at Smith's Station, and owns the old home of 
sixty-three acres of land, which is one of the 
oldest farms in the county. Politically Mr. 
Trone is a Democrat. He is a member of the 
German Reformed Church, and takes a great 

interest therein. He is connected as director 
with the Hartley Fire Insurance Company, 
which company's main office is in York. 

Mr. Trone married Lena Hamm. daugh- 
ter of Jacob L. and Susan Hamm, and to this 
union these children have been born : Minerva ; 
Curtis H.; Amy, the wife of Charles Trone, 
of Hanover, Pa.; Daisy, wife of Curtis 
Strawsbaugh, residing in York; Stanley and 

ADAM E. KOHR, of Hanover, former 
worthy justice of the peace, and present mem- 
ber of the Legislature, was born in Man- 
chester township Feb. 20, 1865, son of Lewis 
and Lena (Witrecht) Kohr, and paternal 
grandson of L. and Rebecca (Westheffer) 
Kohr, and maternal grandson of John and 
Christina (Weigle) Witrecht. 

The Kohrs are among the oldest and best 
known families of the county, the original an- 
cestor having migrated from Switzerland. The 
paternal grandfather of Adam E., was a na- 
tive of Manchester township, and one of its 
most prosperous farmers. His son Lewis, the 
father of Adam E., was born in York county 
Oct. 16, 1840. He was a farmer by occupa- 
tion but became a minister of the United 
Brethren Church, devoting to his religious 
calling over thirty years. He is still living 
and still engaged in the consecrated work of 
the ministry. His wife Lena was also a na- 
tive of York county, where she was born Jan. 
I, 1844. 

Adam E. Kohr received his education in 
the district schools, where he prepared him- 
self for admission to Lebanon Valley College 
at Annville, Pa. Entering this institution he 
pursued his studies for some time, after which, . 
in the autumn of 1882, he began a career as a 
school teacher, which he continued for nine 
years in various countrv and village schools 
of York county. Mr. Kohr moved to Han- 
o\'er in 1894 and has since continued one of 
the public-spirited and enterprising profes- 
sional men of the city. In 1896 he was chos- 
en city engineer, which position he has since 
held. He was elected in i8q8 a justice of the 
peace on the Democratic ticket for a term of 
five ye^rs, and re-elected in 1903, resigning 
the office in 1906, after having been 
elected to the State Legislature. He has been 
actively affiliated with the Democratic party 



since he became a voter, and has always taken 
a deep interest in local and county politics. 
He is a prominent member of the P. O. S. of 
A., and of the Modern Woodmen of America. 
In 1886 Mr. Kohr married Laura I. 
Smith, daughter of Michael and Maria Smith, 
both her parents being now deceased. To Mr. 
and Mrs. Kohr have been born five children, 
namely : Olive Joyce, E. Lane, Miriam 
Sapporah, John and Mary. 

FRANKLIN P. DIETZ, one of the rep- 
resentative citizens of York county, which has 
been his home from the time of his birth, and 
with whose industrial and civic afifairs he has 
for many years been prominently identified, has 
long operated a well-equipped flouring-mill in 
York township, and though at the present time 
he is practically retired from active labor he is 
giving his supervision to his various industrial 
and capitalistic interests, including which may 
be mentioned the York Water Company and 
the York National Bank of York, Pennsyl- 

Mr. Dietz was born in Hellam township, 
this county, Jan. 18, 1847, a"c^ is a scion of one 
of the honored pioneer families of this section 
of the old Keystone State. His grandfather, 
Jacob Dietz, who was of stanch German lin- 
eage, settled near the present village of Stony- 
brook, in Spring Garden township, this county, 
where he took up a large tract of wild land, a 
portion of which he placed under cultivation 
in course of time. He also operated a distil- 
lery for a number of years, thus following a 
line of industry which was one of prominence 
here in the pioneer era. He continued to re- 
side here until his death, and his remains lie 
at rest in the family cemetery in Hellam town- 
ship. Of his children, George died at the home- 
stead ; Joseph died in Windsor township ; Sam- 
uel and Jacob died in Spring Garden township ; 
John was the father of Franklin P. ; Sarah be- 
came the wife of Harry Neiman, and died in 
^Manchester township ; ]\Irs. Michael Blessing 
died in Manchester, this county ; Magdalena, 
wife of Frederick Schatzberger, died in East 
York ; Polly, wife of Jacob Lehman, died in 
Hellam township, as did also Catherine, who 
Avas unmarried. 

John Dietz, father of Franklin P., was torn 
in Spring Garden township. He availed him- 
self of the advantages of the common schools 

of the locality and period, and assisted in the 
work of reclaiming and cultivating the home- 
stead farm, and also in the operation of the 
distillery. He finally became the owner of a 
valuable farm in Hellam township, where he 
continued to be actively identified with agri- 
cultural pursuits for about two score years. He 
finally purchased a residence and distilling 
property in Wrightsville, where he maintained 
his home for about three years, after which he 
returned to the farm, and there remained for 
the ensuing fifteen years. Then he returned to 
Wrightsville, where he passed the closing years 
of his life, attaining the age of sixty-five years, 
and his remains were interred in the family 
cemetery in Hellam township. John Dietz 
married Miss Susan Luttman, who was born 
and reared in this county, and she died, in Hel- 
lam township, at the age of sixty-eight years, 
being laid to rest beside her husband. Of their 
two children, Franklin P. is the younger; his 
sister, Rachel, who was the wife of David \\\ 
Graybill, a farmer of Hellam township, died 
there in 1894. 

The mill owned by Franklin P. Dietz is 
located in the southern section of York town- 
ship, and has been in operation for the greater 
portion of the time since 1832, when the pres- 
ent substantial building of stone and brick was 
erected. It is still in an excellent state of pres- 
ervation, while it is conspicuous as one of the 
landmarks of the county. During his residence 
there Mr. Dietz built a commodious modern 
home, now occupied by one of his sons, who 
has charge of the mill and the surrounding 
farm, which comprises eighty-four acres of fine 
land, under a high state of cultivation. Air. 
Dietz has maintained his home at Dietz's since 
1875, owning there a most attractive mod- 
ern residence. In politics he has ever accorded 
a stanch allegiance to the Democratic party, 
and has been prominent in local affairs. At the 
time of this writing he is incumbent of the 
office of auditor of York township. He and his 
wife are valued members of the Reformed 
Church at Jacobus, in which he has served as 
deacon, and he was a member of the building 
committee which had in charge the erection 
of the present church edifice. He is a stock- 
holder in the York National Bank, and has 
been a member of its directorate since Febru- 
arv, 1903, and he is a stockholder in the York 
\\'ater Company. 




In December, 1870, Mr. Dietz was united 
in marriage to Miss Clayanna Jane Dosch, of 
Windsor township. They have had children as 
follows : Mary M., wife of Henry C. Leader, a 
painter at Paradise, this county; John C, who 
married Leah Sheaffer, of Glen Rock, and is 
associated with his father in the milling busi- 
ness; Harry S., who married Jennie Falken- 
stine, and is engaged in farming and general 
teaming in York township for his father ; Dora 
Susan, who died at the age of thirteen years, 
and is buried in the beautiful Prospect Hill 
cemetery in York, as are also Edward, who 
died when one year old, and Charles, who died 
at the age of eight months; and Morris A., 
Ameda F. and Allen F., who are the younger 
children and still brighten the home circle. 

HARRY I. GLADFELTER, postmaster 
at Hanover Junction, York Co., Pa., is en- 
gaged in the cigar manufacturing business. 
Mr. Gladfelter was born in North Codorus 
township Oct. 18, 1850, son of Benjamin 

Daniel Gladfelter, the grandfather of our 
subject, married a Miss Emig, and both died 
in York county. 

Benjamin Gladfelter, son of Daniel, was 
born in 1812, in North Codorus township, 
where he received a common school education. 
He married Sarah Gibbons, and they located 
in North Codorus township, near Seven Val- 
ley, where he followed farming on his small 
farm, and died at the age of seventy-two years, 
his wife passing away at the age of seventy- 
one. Both are buried at the Ziegler Church 
in their native township. Their children were : 
Cornelius, deceased ; Jesse, deceased ; Nathan, 
a cigar manufacturer of Seven Valley; Dallas, 
deceased ; Dr. Jacob Allen, deceased ; Aman- 
da, the wife of Samuel Gayman, of Sunbury, 
Pa. ; Lucy A., wife of H. C. Kuntz. a large 
cigar manufacturer of Seven Valley; and 
Harry I. 

Harry I. Gladfelter spent his school days at 
Ziegler's school, and after finishing his edu- 
cation taught school for two terms. He then 
became weighmaster at Seven Valley for the 
Thomas Iron Company, later coming to Han- 
over Junction as clerk for the railroad agent 
of the Northern Central railroad. He served 
3s freight and passenger agent at Hanover 
Junction for the Hanover Junction, Hanover 

& Gettysburg Railroad Company fifteen years, 
also acted as postmaster, and had charge of 
the Western Onion Telegraph from 1872 to 
L904, when the Western Lnion wires were 
removed. He was also employed as superin- 
tendent by the Codorus Ore Company a few 
years, and in 1884 began the manufacture of 
cigars, in which he has since continued. He 
employs about thirty skilled workmen, selling 
most of his cigars in New York City and the 
West. He manufactures cigars from $14 to 
$60 per thousand, his special brand, which is 
ni great demand, and is always as represented, 
being the "Belle of York." He has a two- 
story building which is conveniently located 
near the Northern Central railroad station. 

Mr. Gladfelter married Miss Mary Estelle 
Wheeler, daughter of Darius Wheeler, of 
Baltimore, Md, Mr. Gladfelter is a Democrat 
politically, and served as township auditor 
SIX years. He is a member of the Seven Val- 
ley Lutheran Church, where he has served of- 
ficially as leader of the choir. 

throughout York county for the great and good 
work he has accomplished as a minister of the 
Gospel, comes from one of the early and hon- 
ored families of the county. 

John Jacob Nes, as the name was then 
spelled, the great-grandfather of our subject, 
came from Germany and settled in Shrewsbury 
township, York Co., Pa., following farming as 
an occupation. 

Michael Nes, son of John Jacob, was also 
a farmer, following that vocation in Spring- 
field township. He married (first) a Miss 
Swartz, and after her death, a ]\Iiss Frey. He 
was a large land owner, and died at the'age of 
eighty-six years in York township, being buried 
at Blimyer's church. Michael Nes was a 
Lutheran, and was very active in church work. 
His children were: Michael. Jacob, John, 
Henry, George, Samuel, Emanuel, Pollv and 

Of the above family, George Ness was the 
father of our subject. He was born in 1802 
in Springfield township, and received a com- 
mon school education. On reaching maturitv 
he^ took the old homestead in Springfield town- 
ship. George Ness married ]Marv iNIvers, and 
after her death he married (second) Elizabetli 
Bankert. Mr. Ness was a faithful member of 



the Dunkard Church, and died in that faith at 
the age of seventy-six years, being buried in 
the home burying ground on the farm. The 
children born to him and his first wife were*: 
Rev. Christian, SaUie and Mary. To his second 
wife were born : George, in Springfield town- 
ship, married Sarah Feigley; Leah is the wife 
of Reuben Sprenkle of York township; and 
Elizabeth is the wife of Mr. Meyers. 

Christian Ness was born Oct. 8, 1830, and 
received his preliminary education in the pub- 
lic schools of his native township, assisting his 
father at farming. In 1854 he married Cath- 
erine Stiles, daughter of Jacob Stiles, and she 
died in 1890, and was buried at the Dunkard 
Church, of -which she was a faithful member. 
The children born to this union were as fol- 
lows : Jacob, of Harrisburg ; George, of York 
township; Albert, of Springfield township; 
Thomas, also of Springfield township ; Edward, 
of York; Mary, wife of Albert Reigart; Sarah, 
the wife of Levi Krout, of Springfield town- 
ship; Leah, the wife of S. B. Myers, a fanner 
of Springfield township, who was ordained a 
minister in the Dunkard Church, May 26, 
1896 ; and Catherine, the wife of Milton Myers, 
of Hopewell township. After the death of his 
first wife Mr. Ness married Catherine Myers, 
widow of Joseph Myers, who was a farmer of 
Springfield township, and died in 1864, aged 
forty-five years in the faith of the Dunkard 
Church, leaving these children : Salome, wife 
of Samuel K. Hartman, of Springfield town- 
ship; Leah, wife of F. M. Baugher, living in 
Jefferson borough ; Mary, wife of Milton Leh- 
man, of Springfield township; Samuel B., who 
married Leah Ness ; and Andrew, who died at 
the age of four years. 

Samuel Bowser, father of Mrs. Catherine 
Ness, Avas a farmer of Shrewsbury township, 
and her mother was Mary Hershey. Mr. Bow- 
ser died at the age of eighty-two years, leav- 
ing children : Mrs. Ness, the wife of our sub- 
ject; Elizabeth; Margaret; Samuel; Lydia and 
Christian ; Mary, the wife of Charles B. King, 
of New Freedom, York county; Benjamin H., 
living on the old homestead in Shrewsbury 
township, and Julia, the wife of Lewis Kraber, 
of .York. 

Mr. and Mrs. Ness reside on her farm of 
240 acres, Mr. Ness owning another farm of 
160 acres near Loganville. They have had no 
children. Rev. Mr. Ness united with the church 

in 1858, and was ordained a minister June 4, 
1866, at the home of Samuel Bowser, in 
Shrewsbury township, since which time he has 
been an active worker, preaching all over the 
county. Snice 1892 he has lived retired from 
active life. He is the oldest minister in the 
Church, and is loved and honored by all who 
know him. 

and operator of the Kohler flouring mill in 
North Hopewell township, one of the oldest 
mills in the county, is a representative of one 
of the pioneer families of this section of the 
old Keystone state, and has here passed his 
entire life thus far, while he has gained through 
worthy and well-directed effort a position of 
prominence as a business man and a success 
.which is of no indefinite order. In the early 
epoch when York county was yet to a large 
extent a wilderness, the Barshinger family 
came thither, and in each generation have been 
found men of sturdy integrity and sterling cit- 
izenship. The lineage traces back to German 
origin, and the original American progenitors 
came from the Fatherland in the Colonial era 
of our national history. Simon A. Barshinger, 
was born on his father's farm, in Windsor 
township, this county, Aug. 7, 1863, son of 
Emanuel and Catherine (Anstine) Barshinger. 

John Barshinger, grandfather of Simon A., 
married Susan Stabley, and they became the 
parents of nine children : George, Jacob, An- 
drew, John, Benj amin, Henry, Susan and Cath- 
erine (wife of John Streavig), all deceased; 
and Emanuel. 

Emanuel Barshinger was born and reared 
in York county. He married Catherine Anstine, 
daughter of Simon B. and Mary Ann Anstine, 
sterling pioneers of this county, whose other 
children were : Amos ; Daniel ; Susan, wife of 
Philip Laucks, of Windsor township ; and Ma- 
ria, wife of Jacob Landis, of Windsor town- 
ship. Of the children of Emanuel and Cath- 
erine Barshinger, all except Simon A. are 
deceased, the others being: Franklin Porter, 
Adam Emanuel and Mary Catherine. The 
parents make their home in Red Lion, and both 
are active in the Reformed Church. Mr. Bar- 
shinger is a Democrat. 

Simon A. Barshinger passed his boyhood 
days on the home farm, early beginning- to as- 
sist in its work, while his educational advant- 



ages were those afforded by the pubhc schools 
of his nati\-e township. He attended the Koons 
school during a portion of each year until he 
had attained the age of sixteen years. In his 
3'outh he was employed for a time in the An- 
stine mill, in Windsor township, and later be- 
came again associated with his father in the 
work and management of the home farm, re- 
maining" thus engaged until 1885, when he 
embarked in the same line of enterprise upon 
his own responsibility, becoming the owner 
of a fine farm property in North Hopewell 
township, and there continuing his residence 
until 1891, when he identified himself with his 
present industrial undertaking, having success- 
fully operated the Kohler mill since that date. 
As before stated, this is one of the oldest mills 
in the county, having been erected about 1853, 
by Jacob Kohler. The mill is now equipped 
with the best modern machinery and accessories 
having a capacity for the output of about 
thirty barrels of flour per day and controlling 
a large custom trade, besides a considerable 
outside business. Mr. Barshinger gives his 
personal supervision to the mill, and is known 
as a reliable and progressive business man and 
public-spirited citizen. In politics he is an un- 
compromising advocate of the principles and 
policies of the Democratic party, in whose ranks 
he has been an active and influential worker in 
a local way, having been for many years a 
member of the election board of North Hope- 
well township, and having served .in various 
local ofBces of trust, while in the Democratic 
county convention in August, 1904, he was 
nominated for representative in the State Leg- 
islature, but suffered defeat at the polls in the 
following November. Both he and his wife 
are members of the Reformed church, and fra- 
ternally he is affiliated with Dallas Lodge, No 
1017, I. O. O. F., in Dallastown. 

On Sept. 22, 1885, Mr. Barshinger was 
united in marriage to Miss Ellen Grove, daugh- 
ter of Charles and Leah (Seachrist)' Grove, 
well known and honored residents of Wind- 
sor township, and of this union have been born 
three children: Clarence Franklin, Charles 
Emanuel and Edith May, all at home. 

GIBSON SMITH (deceased), son of 
Abraham and Salome (Smith) Smith, in 1852 
married Susan E. Fahs. For the first four 
years after his marriage he engaged in the 

management of a rented flour-mill, after which 
he bought from William Wilt a coal-yard lo- 
cated on North Water street, York, giving his 
entire attention to this business until his death, 
in 1888. He was buried at Prospect Hill. 
Two sons were born to Mr. and Mrs. Smith, 
namely: Edgar Fahs, born in Manchester 
township, May 23, 1853, '^^'lio married Miss 
Margaret A. Gruel, and resides in Philadel- 
phia ; and Allen John, born in York, on Dec. 
8, 1863, who married Pearl Pierce and lives 
in Philadelphia. 

Mrs. Smith was born in West Manchester 
township June 10, 1829, daughter of John and 
Susan (Ilgenfritz) Fahs. Mrs. Smith's pa- 
ternal grandparents were John and Eva 
(Feiser) Fahs, the former a native of Dauphin 
county, Pa., and in later life a blacksmith of 
York. He followed that trade for about fifty 
years, and then lived retired until his death, 
in 1835, when he was laid to rest in Prospect 
Hill cemetery. 

John Fahs (2), born in York in 1792, 
attended the public schools until he was four- 
teen years of age, and then worked in his 
father's smithy until he was twenty. In 1822 
he married Miss Susan Ilgenfritz, daughter of 
Samuel and Mary (Crone) Ilgenfritz, of York 
county, and began farming in West Man- 
chester township. After his father's death he 
inherited a farm which he conducted for fifteen 
years, and then, retiring in 1850, removed to 
York, and spent the balance of his life there. 
He passed away Sept. 6, 1880, and was interred 
at Prospect Hill. Mrs. Smith received a com- 
mon school education, and in 1852, when 
twenty-three years of age, was united in mar- 
riage to Gibson Smith. 

JOHN F. PATTON, proprietor of the 
City Drug Store, so well known to the citizens 
of York, Pa., was born in Lower Windsor 
township, York county, on Dec. 15, 1839, son 
of Ebenezer and Rebecca (Smith) Patton. 
Mr. Patton's grandfather, John Patton, was 
born in County Antrim. North of Ireland, 
while his grandmotlxer, who had been ]\Iargaret 
]\IcGowan, was born in County Tyrone. In 
1780, soon after their marriage, this worthy 
couple emigrated to America and located in 
Chester county. Pa. Thev had fifteen chil- 
dren — twelve boys and three girls. Both 
grandparents died at the age of eighty years 
or upward. 



Ebenezer Patton \vas the eighth son of this 
couple and early in life learned the shoemaker's 
trade. He moved to Chanceford township. In 
1820 he was married to Rebecca Smith, of Lan- 
caster county. The other brothers and sisters 
located in Chester, Lancaster and Berks coun- 
ties, and the family became very numerous. 
Ebenezer Patton died at the age of forty-nine 
years, and the mother with her eight children 
moved to Wrightsville, York county, where 
she died in the year 1852. 

John F. Patton, the fourth son of the fam- 
ilv, received his educatiqn in the common 
schools. In 1853 he located at York and en- 
gaged as a clerk in a dry-goods store. In the 
spring of 1856 he entered the drug store of 
Dr. Jacob Hay, Sr., to learn the business for 
which he has since proved himself so admir- 
ably fitted. He entered the wholesale drug 
establishment of Thomsen & Block, of Balti- 
more, in 1859. remaining there until 1866. 
During the latter year he went to St. Louis, 
but on account of sickness remained there but 
a few months. In the year 1869 he began the 
drug business for himself in a small room on 
the north side of West Market street, York, 
on the site of his present handsome and com- 
modious establishment. 

In 1873 ^^- Patton moved his store to the 
large business room of Martin Bender, nearly 
opposite the "Motter House." There he pros- 
pered greatly, enjoying a constantly growing 
trade. The familiar name of "City Drug 
Store" was found in the newspapers of the 
county, and on all of the conspicuous adver- 
tising places that could be utilized. His in- 
dustry, progressive business methods and close 
application were rewarded with unusual pros- 
perity, but the disastrous flood of June, 1884, 
played sad havoc with his stores, which were 
almost totally wrecked, and Mr. Patton barely 
escaped with his life. He had already begun the 
erection of the new City Drug Store, a three- 
story brick building, with a large and elegant 
store room, which he stocked and fitted up on 
a more extensive scale than ever, in September, 
1884. In this place he continued to meet with 
a well deserved patronage^ enjoying a wide 
and lucrative trade. 

Mr. Patton is a member of St. Paul's 
Lutheran Church of York. He was president 
of the Pennsylvania State Pharmaceutical As- 
sociation in 1891, was made president of the 

American Pharmaceutical Association in 1900, 
and presided over the national meeting at St. 
Louis in 1901. In addition to these honors, 
Mr. Patton was a member of the council of 
the National Association, having served on the 
administrative committee for a period of three 
years, beginning in 1902, this committee con- 
sisting of fifteen members, elective from the 
entire body of druggists of the United States. 

SAMUEL M. MANIFOLD, who enjoys 
the distinction of being the first sheriff of York 
county ever elected by the Republican party, 
is of Scotch-Irish descent, his ancestors having 
settled in York county about 1730. 

Henry Manifold, his paternal grandfather, 
was a son of Joseph Manifold, who was a pri- 
vate in Capt. John Moffit's Company in the 
Revolutionary war — a company that also in- 
cluded among its members David McKinley, 
great-grandfather of President William Mc- 
Kinley. Henry Manifold was an elder in the 
Hopewell Presbyterian Church. 

Joseph Manifold, son of Henry and father 
of Samuel M., was a farmer in Lower Chance- 
ford township, and he died in 1889, aged sev- 
enty-four years. He married Rebecca P. ]\Iar- 
tin, daughter of Rev. Samuel Martin, D. D., a 
distinguished Presbyterian divine, who had 
preached at Slate Ridge and Chanceford 
churches for a period of forty-two years, and 
who died in York county. Six children were 
born to Joseph Manifold and his wife, as fol- 
lows: Rosanna E., who married Zenas H. 
Dougherty, of Lower Chanceford: William F., 
a farmer of Lower Chanceford : Margaret J. : 
Keziah, who married C. C. Smith ; Henry, and 
Samuel M. 

Samuel M. Manifold was born in Hopewell 
township. May 8. 1842, and was educated in 
the schools of that district. His first occupa- 
tion was farming, which he followed, off and 
on, until he was thirty years old. During the 
war of the Rebellion he enlisted in the 21st 
Pennsylvania Cavalry, being promoted from 
time to time, and when mustered out of service 
was a second lieutenant. He spent the first 
year of his enlistment in the Shenandoah Val- 
ley, where the cavalry regiment, of which he 
was a member was dismounted and brigaded 
with the infantry, taking part in the battles of 
Spottsylvania, Cold Harbor, Petersburg and 
others. In 1864 his regiment was remounted 


' r 



and attached to Gregg's Cavalry Division, 
Army of the Potomac, with which he served, 
until the end of the war. After the close of 
hostilities he served in the pi"ovost marshal's 
office at Lynchburg, Va., and Campbell Court 
House, Avhere the oath of amnesty was admin- 
istered to Gen. Longstreet and many other 
prominent Confederates. Mr. Manifold's war 
record is one of which any man might well be 
proud, and it is a notable fact that he was never 
sick or absent from duty a single day of his 
term of enlistment. 

When peace had again settled over the land 
Lieut. Manifold returned to farming, continu- 
ing at that until 1872, when he went to rail- 
roading, and was attached to the engineer 
corps who were surveying the Peach Bottom 
railroad. In 1874 he became chief engineer in 
charge of construction, and built the last twen- 
ty miles of that road. In 1878 he became the 
superintendent of the York & Peach Bottom 
railroad. His next position was that of road- 
master of the Baltimore & Lehigh railroad, in 
which capacity he continued for several years, 
or until 1891. In the latter year he surveyed 
the extension of the Stewartstown railroad into 
Delta, York county, after which he accepted 
a position in the transportation department of 
the Pennsylvania Railroad Company at Wash- 
ington, D. C. His next position was that of 
master of transportation of the Baltimore & 
Lehigh railroad, from which he was promoted 
to the office of general manager, and later be- 
came superintendent of the Baltimore & Har- 
risburg division of the Western Maryland rail- 
road, being promoted to general superintend- 
ent. On Jan. i, 1904, Mr. Manifold was called 
to the position of general manager of the York 
Street Railway Company, being in charge of 
the constructing and superintending from 
three hundred to four hundred men. He was 
also manager of the Edison Electric Light 
Company of York. At present, besides acting 
as sheriff, he is chief engineer of the New Park 
and Fawn Grove Reservoir. 

Mr. Manifold was married Jan. i, 1875, 
to Sarah E. Gregg, daughter of George and 
Sophia Gregg, farming people of York county, 
and eight children have been born to this union, 
as follows : Granger R. died at the age of 
two years ; Rebecca P. died at the age of four 
years ; J. Howard is an attorney-at-law, whose 
sketch will be found following; Rose Elma, a 

graduate of Wilson College, married John S. 
McCoy, secretary of the York Card & Paper 
Company; Myra Ross, who is a graduate of 
the Women's College, Baltimore, class of 1905^ 
is teaching in Porto Rico ; Emily Martin is a 
graduate of the York high school, class of 
1905; Keziah W. is at the Women's College, 
class of 1909 ; Margaret Brinton is a student 
in the York Collegiate Institute, class of 1909. 
Sheriff Manifold belongs to the Ancient 
Order of United Workmen, the Heptasophs, 
and York Post, No. n, G. A. R. He is a ' 
member of and a deacon in the First Presby- 
terian Church. He has always been an active 
worker in the ranks of the Republican party, 
and was twice elected to the city council of 
York, having- been returned from the Fifth and 
Sixth wards. His triumphant election to the 
office of sheriff on the Republican ticket during 
the memorable campaign of 1904 gave abund- 
ant evidence of Mr. Manifold's popularity 
throughout York county. 

son of S. M. Manifold, general manager of the 
York Traction Company, and sheriff of the 
county, and is a native of the city of York, 
born April 26, 1875. There his boyhood days 
were passed, and his early educational train- 
ing was secured in the excellent public schools 
of the city, and he then entered the York Col- 
legiate Institute, from which he was graduated 
as a member of the class of 1892. In the au- 
tumn of 1894 he matriculated in the law depart- 
ment at Yale, where he completed the pre- 
scribed course, and was graduated in 1896, 
with the degree of Bachelor of Laws, while in 
the following year the degree of Master of 
Laws was conferred upon him by his alma 
mater. In the same year he was admitted to 
the Bar of the State of Connecticut, and in 
December, 1898, he was admitted to practice 
in the courts of his native county, where he 
gained his first practical experience. He is 
meeting with excellent success both as an at- 
torney and counselor, and enjoys marked pop- 
ularity in the professional, business and social 
circles of his native city. He is one of the rep- 
resentative younger members of the Bar of 
York county, is a gentleman of high scholar- 
ship and technical learning, and has won no 
uncertain prestige in his chosen vocation, 
though but a few years have elapsed since he 



o-ained admission to the Bar. In politics he ac- 
cords an unswerving aUegiance to the Republi- 
can party, taking much interest in its cause, be- 
ing one of the active young working members 
in the local ranks of the party. He is a mem- 
ber of the Presbyterian Church. Socially he 
belongs to the Bachelors Club of York. 

native of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, born 
..March i, 1874, graduated from Girard College 
in 1892. He is now representing R. G. Dun 
& Company, in York and Adams counties, of 
which he has had charge since 1898. Mr. Wal- 
lazz is careful and painstaking, and his reports 
can always be relied upon. His wife was Mary 
Edith Dodson, daughter of William M. Dod- 

HENRY B. KING, M. D., is a member of 
one of the old and distinguished families of this 
section of the Keystone State, with whose an- 
nals the name which he bears has been indis- 
solubly linked ever since the early pioneer era. 
He was born in the city of York in i860, son 
of E. A. and Arabella F. (Nes) King, both of 
whom were likewise natives of York county, 
where their entire lives were passed. The for- 
mer passed to his eternal rest in 1877, and the 
latter in 1882. E. A. King was an influential 
and successful business man, having been a 
skihed sculptor and marble cutter and having 
for a number of years been engaged in business 
along this line in York, while he was also iden- 
tified with the phosphate trade and with the 
milling industry and general farming. Being 
a man of alert mentality, inflexible integrity of 
character and marked ability, he attained to a 
high degree of success in temporal affairs and 
commanded the most unqualified confidence and 
esteem in the community which was his home 
for the major portion of his earnest and useful 
life. He was a stanch Republican in his polit- 
ical proclivities. 

Dr. Henry Nes, the Doctor's maternal 
grandfather, was one of the most honored and 
able of the pioneer physicians and surgeons of 
York county, where he continued to reside until 
his death. No man in the county was held in 
higher regard, and this fact was emphasized 
by his having been chosen to represent his dis- 
trict in Congress, of which he was a member for 
several terms. 

Henry B. King completed the curriculum of 
.the public schools of York and continued his 
studies in the York County Academy. He 
early determined to prepare himself for the 
noble profession in which he has met with such 
signal success and gained such noteworthy pres- 
tige. He began reading medicine under the pre- 
ceptorship of Dr. Benjamin F. Spangler, one 
of York's leading practitioners, and matricu- 
lated at famous old Jefferson Aledical College, 
in Philadelphia, where he was graduated 
in the class of 1883, receiving his well earned 
degree of Doctor of ^Medicine. In addition to 
his three years' course in Jefferson ]vledical Col- 
lege he also took a post-graduate course in the 
institution. His ample fortification for the ac- 
tive work of his profession has been best shown 
in his record as a practitioner. He is a close 
student, and has recourse to the best standard 
and periodical literature pertaining to the med- 
ical and surgical sciences, while his devotion to 
the work of his profession has been constant. 
He has been successfully established in York 
since he began practice, and he is one of the 
valued members of the York County Medical 
Society and the Pennsylvania State ^Medical 

WILLIA]\I GA:MBLE, who passed his 
closing years in York, left a name which will 
not soon be forgotten in China and Japan, in 
which countries he contributed so largely to the 
diffusion of western ideas. By "his two main 
inventions — the making of matrices of Chinese 
type by the electrotype process, and the Chinese 
type case, as now generally in use, * * * 
he did a work that has hardly been equalled in 
the annals of missions or in the history of the 
development of the art of printing." * 

Mr. Gamble inherited the strength, persever- 
ance, ingenuity and practical business instincts 
of a race of Scotch-Irish ancestors. Through 
both parents he was descended from families 
which numbered many men of ability. His 
grandfather, the Rev. ^^'illiam Gamble, of 
Greenhill, Letterkenny, County Donegal, was 
one of the first covenanting ministers in the 
North of Ireland. He is described by the late 
J. B. Marcus, of Ballymoney. in his Synopsis 
of Church History, as "A dignified Christian 
gentleman, and eminent theologian." The Rev. 

*"Rex Christus, an Outline Study of China," by 
Arthur Smith. 



Samuel Ferguson, in a recent sketch of his life, 
says the following: "The family from which 
William Gamble sprang was one of the many 
families that fled from Scotland during the 
period of the persecution. Consequently they 
were of far different fiber from most of those 
'planted' by James I, in Ulster. Originally 
their home was Saltcoats, Scotland, and as 
some of their ancestors bore arms in the siege 
of Derry, they must have been settled prior to 

The Rev. William Gamble, of Greenhill, 
was married to a lady of noble birth by the 
name of Errol. Their son, William, father of 
the William of whom we write, married Anne 
Dill, a daughter of John Dill, of Oak Bank, 
Ramelton, and his wife Anne (Scott) Dill. 
They had five children : William, whose work 
was in China; John Scott, who died at sea; 
Reverend Robert, of Woodbine, York county. 
Pa.; Alexander, of Sydney, Australia; and 
Anne Martha, late of Ramelton, County Done- 
gal, Ireland, a former missionary to Japan. 

On the maternal side, Mr. Gamble was a 
scion of the Dill family, celebrated in Ulster for 
the many eminent Presbyterian divines of that 
name." Mr. Gamble was a descendant of David 
Dill,^ who before the siege of Derry resided in 
Fannet, near Magheradrummen Lake, where 
the wallstead of his house was recently to be 
seen. He married Catherine Sheridan, of a 

1. "Brief Biographical Sketches of Some Irish Cove- 
nanting Ministers," by the Rev. Samuel Ferguson. 

Mr. Thomas Gamble, Jr., of Savannah, Ga., in a 
recent book of genealogy says the following: "The 
family name of Gamble had its origin in the old Dan- 
ish-Saxon name of Gamel or Gamyl, of Northern Eng- 
land. The Gamels held considerable land in North- 
umbria, Yorkshire and Lincolnshire, in the eleventh 
■century, and are found opposing the conquest of Will- 
iam the Conqueror, being dispossessed by him of their 

2. The Rev. W. T. Latimer, in his "Twelve Dills," 
says the following: "Almost every member of this 
family was celebrated for his reasoning powers. * * * 
The Dills were logicians, metaphysicians and theolog- 
ians. No doubt some of them, like the Rev. Edward 
Marcus Dill, were exceedingly eloquent, but it was by 
their quick perceptions and acute logical powers, more 
than by their eloquence, that they excelled most of the 
other ministers of the Synod of Ulster." 

3- According to Mr. Latimer a John Dill was set- 
tled in Fannet between Lough Swilly and Lough Foyle, 
as_ early as 1665. The family, however, is of Dutch 
origin. Mr. Latimer in his "Twelve Dills" gives his 
reasons for believing the Dills to be descendants of one 
John Van Dale, of Brabant, who received a grant of 
denization in Fannet in 1605. 

Roman Catholic family of Drogheda. She was 
a woman of very high spirit, and is said to have 
killed the last wolf seen in that part of Ireland, 
by thrusting her hand wrapped in an apron 
down its throat. She also rescued her hus- 
band's cattle from a foraging party of King 
James, during the siege of Derry. Their son 
Francis married Rebecca Anderson, also a lady 
of much strength of character. 

Their sons, Marcus and John Dill, of 
Springfield, married sisters, Mary and Susan 
McClure, of a family "who lived near Convoy, 
and who have been distinguished in the per- 
sons of Sir Robert McClure, the Arctic ex- 
plorer, and of Admiral McClure, of the United 
States Navy."^ These two couples lived to- 
gether in the old manor house of Springfield, 
the walls of which were six feet thick and "so 
grouted that it was next to impossible to pen- 
etrate them."^ All of the twelve Presbyterian 
divines so well known in Ireland were either 
the sons or the grandsons of these two "patri- 
archs of Springfield," as they were called.^ The 
most distinguished of these clergymen were 
three of the grandsons of John Dill of Spring- 
field, and were as follows : Rev. Richard Dill, 
of Dublin, who helped to found Magee Col- 
lege, Londonderry; Rev. Edward Marcus Dill, 
M. D., of Clonkilty, the author of able con- 
troversial works against the Church of Rome; 
and the Rev. Samuel Marcus Dill, D. D., pro- 
fessor of Theology at Magee College.* 

John Dill, of Oak Bank, the grandfather 

1. "The Twelve Dills," by Rev. W. T. Latimer. 

2. "Autobiography of a Country Parson," by James 
Reid Dill, M. A. 

3. Many of the sons and grandsons of the brothers 
of Springfield entered the medical profession. Dr. 
John Dill of Brighton, formerly surgeon of the East 
India Company, was a son of Marcus Dill of Spring- 
field. Marcus Dill had also a grandson, Richard, who 
settled at Brighton as a medical practitioner, and mar- 
ried Miss Wale, daughter of Gen. Wale and niece of 
Archbishop Whately. Dr. Marcus Dill, of Ballykelly, 
and formerly surgeon in the Royal Navy, was a son of 
John Dill, of Springfield; and Dr. Francis Dill, the 
first Colonial Surgeon at Hong Kong, China, was a 
grandson pf John Dill, of Springfield. This is signi- 
ficant in yiew^ of the fact that for a long time Mr. Gam- 
ble's inclinations wavered between medicine and the 
ministry. He finally took up the study of medicine, but 
not until his work in China was finished. 

4. Samuel Marcus Dill, while on a mission to Amer- 
ica in 1859, received the degree of Doctor of Divinity 
from Princeton College. The following year he was 
made moderator of the General Assembly of Ireland. 



■of William Gamble, was also a son of John Dill, 
of Spring-field, and his wife, Susan McCIure. 
He has been described as "one of the cleverest 
of the name, full of wit and humor."^ He was 
married to Anne Scott, daughter of Alexander 
'Scott, of Rosreagh (later called Oak Bank), 
and Anne (Park) Scott." Their daughter, 
Anne Dill, became the wife of William Gamble 
(secundus), and the mother of William Gam- 
iDle, of York. 

William Gamble, the eldest of five chil- 
dren, was born in Ramelton, County Donegal, 
in 1830. His mother dying when he was nine 
years old, he and his brothers and sisters were 
taken to the Oak Bank, the home of his grand- 
parents, Mr. and Mrs. John Dill. This little 
old stone house was built by Alexander Scott 
from some of the stones still remaining from 
the ancient castle of Ramelton, long since dis- 
appeared. The Rev. James Reid Dill thus de- 
scribes the place in his "Autobiography of a 
Country Parson" : "We were invited to spend a 
summer in Uncle John's Oak Bank, Ramelton. 
The Oak Bank was one of the most delightful 
spots, commanding a view of Lough Swilly on 
tthe east, with a forest of grand old oaks on the 
west, and the beautiful River Lanyan flowing 
in front." The house is still standing on the 
lough, though much changed. But half a doz- 
.(Cn of the oaks are still left. 

It was in this beautiful spot that Mr. Gam- 
"ble spent his boyhood. He was carefully edu- 
cated in the Classical School of Ramelton, 
where he developed a particular proficiency in 
mathematics. Financial reverses, however, 
coming at the age of nineteen, he and his broth- 
ers were forced to emigrate to America. He 
first attempted to settle in New York, but not 
finding congenial employment there he went to 
Philadelphia, where he was taken into the large 
bookbinding firm of Altemus & Co., to learn the 
■business of gilding and stamping book covers. 
Having thoroughly mastered this business, he 
returned to New York, to accept a position in 

1. "The Autobiography of a Country Parson," by 
James Reid Dill, M. A. 

2. Anne Park (wife of Alexander Scott, of Ros- 
reagh) was the daughter of Nathan Park and Anne 
Wood, a niece and ward of the Earl of Belmont. This 
family intermarried with the Shaftsbury and Enniskil- 
len families. The Parks were an important county 
family in the North of Ireland at that time, holding 
large possessions in County Donegal. 

the Bible House, with which he was connected 
until called to the work to which he practically 
devoted his life. Most of his leisure he spent 
in study, his ambition at this time being to ob- 
tain a college training. He even contemplated 
entering the ministry ; and being unable for the 
lack of money to buy the books he needed, he 
copied out the whole of "Hodge's Systematic 
Theology" by hand. 

When the position in which he afterward so 
distinguished himself was offered him, he was 
extremely reluctant to accept. It was so en- 
tirely different from the plans he had made for 
himself, and he was so modest in regard to his 
own powers, that it took much persuasion on 
the part of his friends to make him see his fit- 
ness for so responsible a task. Of this work we 
can g-ive no better idea than that contained in 
the memorial sketch by his friend and co- 
worker, the Rev. John Wherry, which was read 
at Mr. Gamble's funeral, and printed in the 
York Daily of May 22, 1886. We quote all 
but the opening lines, the substance of which is 
given above : 

"At this time a competent layman was 
wanted to take charge of the infant press that 
the Presbyterian mission had established at 
Ningpo. Mr. Gamble's intelligence, education, 
energy, practical business capacity, robust 
health, all crowned with strong Christian prin- 
ciples, marked him as the man for the place, 
and he was unanimously chosen by the board, 
and after some months' study of electrotyping, 
at that time a new art, was sent out about the 
year 1858. On his arrival at Ningpo, it became 
his ambition to make the small and compara- 
tively inefficient establishment he found there 
the most potent factor possible in the enlight- 
enment and evangelization of China. To do this 
it soon became necessary to remove it to Shang- 
hai, which, after its opening as a port, began 
to absorb the trade of Ningpo and other ports, 
and to become, as it now is, the great commer- 
cial metropolis of Eastern Asia. Here it re- 
mains, and here it flourishes to-day. With com- 
modious buildings and ample appliances it soon 
became the leading publishing house of the 
East; and, were this all he had accomplished, 
his career would have been called a success. 
But this was only the preliminary condition of 
his real work. To explain clearly in the brief 
space allotted to me to an audience unfamiliar 
with the Chinese language what this was is 


difficult; but I hope at least to give an in- 
telligible idea of it. It must be remembered 
that Chinese writing is not alphabetic but ideo- 
graphic, that words cannot be compounded of 
letters, and that, in printing, each word must 
have its own individual, solid, metallic type. 
Thus instead of twenty-six capitals, twenty-six 
Roman letters, ten numerals and the few punc- 
tuation marks and other signs which make up 
an English font, and which will suffice to print 
all the words in the dictionary, the ten thou- 
sand words in common use in Chinese require, 
except for a modification of the system, which 
eases the matter somewhat, ten thousand dis- 
tinct individual kind's of type, requiring ten 
thousand matrices to cast. To maks them was 
'the problem Mr. Gamble set himself to solve. 
By the old method the character was cut out 
of a solid block O'f steel, and this as a punch, 
when hardened, was driven into a piece of cop- 
per, which, properly adjusted to the typecast- 
ing machine, became the matrix for that char- 
acter. But the cutting out of steel of ten thou- 
sand different punches, some of them most com- 
plicated, involved such prodigious labor, pa- 
tience and expense, as to become practically an 
impossibility. Mr. Gamble, studying the prob- 
lem, conceived the idea of cutting the characters 
on ends of oblong blocks of boxwood, taking 
from these, when set up, like pages of type, wax 
impressions on presses made for this purpose, 
transferring these impressions, properly cov- 
ered with plumbago, to an electro-typing bat- 
tery, backing up the copper plates thus produced 
with type metal, sawing the plates into squares, 
each containing a character, and fastening these 
into blocks made most ingeniously out of 
grooved bars, thus producing, except the cut- 
ting on boxwood of each character, a simple 
Chinese art, matrices by the hundreds instead 
of singly. These matrices, thus made, not 
only cost but a fraction of the expense and time 
of those made by the old method, but were 
much superior in form and accuracy. This in- 
vention, for so it must be called, though not 
patented, revolutionized the making of Chinese 
type. The next difficulty Mr. Gamble had to 
meet was to arrange these cheaplv produced 
ten thousand kinds of types in cases so as to 
be readily accessible by the hand of the com- 
positor. As a preliminary he employed compe- 
tent native Chinese scholars to index riot only 
all the different characters in the thirteen 

Chinese classics and the Bible, as translated by 
Dr. Culbertson, his colleague, but to count the 
number of times each occurred. Bookkeepers 
who know what it is to post accounts can judge 
of the labor of making so many entries in a 
ledger as there are words in the Bible (I do 
not mean kinds of words), and thirteen books 
besides. It took three industrious men a whole 
year to accomplish this preliminary work. On 
the relative frequency of characters thus as- 
certained, besides regulating the number of 
each kind of type to a font, he arranged the 
size and position of the boxes in the type-cases, 
which were in the shape of a hopper, with the 
compositor in the vortex, relegating to draw- 
ers or cases on the walls characters that were 
only called for perhaps a few time in a whole 
book. The labor and loss of time thus spared 
to the compositor can only be appreciated by 
one who has personally seen the old style and 
the new. I may add that Mr. Gamble pub- 
lished a list of these characters, thus indexed 
and counted, with the number of times found, 
which is one of the curiosities of literature; 
and also that on the basis of the relative fre- 
quency of characters thus laboriously obtained 
Dr. Martin, now of the University of Pekin, 
prepared a text-book for beginners in Chinese, 
both native and foreign. These great projects 
having been successfully accomplished, Mr. 
Gamble's next work was to construct by his 
new processes a font of Chinese types, which, 
while perfectly legible, were to be but of the 
size known to printers as small pica — smaller 
than hitherto had been practical. His object 
was two-fold — first to be able to print the Bible 
in a conveniently small and inexpensive form 
for general circulation ; and second, to be able 
to align Chinese and Roman types in the 
dictionaries, grammars, and scientific books he 
was constantly called on to publish. This, after 
several years" labor, was successfully accom- 
plished, and admirably answered both purposes. 
I cannot show you Dr. Williams' large Chinese- 
English dictionary, which, though not printed 
by Mr. Gamble, was printed soon after his de- 
parture from China on the type he had made, 
but I hold in my hand a copy of the Bible 
printed by himself from this font, which, from 
cover to cover, binding and all, is in the most 
important sense his workmanship. This done, 
to make practical reference Bibles in Chinese, 
he produced a small font of legible types but 

1 82 


the fourth part of the size of small pica. Con- 
jointly with these great works he undertook to 
perfect all existing fonts of Chinese types, and 
made new sets of matrices by his own pro- 
cesses, which are now caretully preserved in 
fire-proof safes in our press at Shanghai. This 
also was a work of years, but done once was 
done forever. I might also mention Manchu, 
and especially Japanese fonts, the latter of 
which cost him much thought, many experi- 
ments and no small correspondence with mis- 
sionaries in Japan, the beautiful result of which 
is seen in Dr. Hepburn's Japanese-English 
dictionary, also printed at our press simulta- 
neously with Dr. Williams'. He also undertook 
to make electro-type plates of the chief standard 
Christian books published by the Press, to les- 
sen expenses and facilitate rapidity of produc- 
tion. He had the satisfaction, and it was a 
very great one to him, of producing, before he 
left Shanghai, from such plates a beautiful 
edition of the New Testament, which he could 
afford to sell, bound in the Chinese manner, 
in paper stitched with silk, for five cents a copy. 
In like manner he produced a cheap popular 
edition cf the celebrated ]\Ir. Burns' transla- 
tion into Chinese of the Pilgrim's Progress. 
If it be remembered that while he was exe- 
cuting these laborious projects with the as- 
sistance of other hands, which had only be- 
come skilled out of the crudest material by 
his own years of patient teaching, he was at 
the same time directing and looking after, to 
the minutest particulars, a printing establish- 
ment that poured out annually nearly 30,000,- 
000 pages of Christian and other literature, the 
indomitable courage and energy of the man 
can begin to be appreciated. This involved the 
selection and oversight of forty or fifty work- 
people, inspection of their work and pay rolls, 
purchase of materials in other ports and Eu- 
rope and America, innumerable accounts, an 
extensive banking and shipping business, and a 
correspondence that extended to every port and 
mission station almost in China, as well as to 
Elngland, America, Australia, the; Sandwich 
Islands and Japan. Only perfect system, per- 
fect control of his forces, and untiring in- 
dustry, could have enabled him to accomplish 
so many, so varied and so difficult tasks. And 
in the meantime was growing without his wish 
a type foundry rivalling the Press in the extent 
of its operations, supplying, as it did.the \\'orld 

with Chinese types. There are fonts made by 
himself, or from his matrices, in various parts 
of China, Japan, England, France, and the 
United States. From the 'Mei Hua Shu Kuan,' 
as it is known over China, at the east gate of 
Shanghai, have sprung many Chinese printing 
establishments, some Governmental, some mis- 
sionary, some newspaper, some private, 
through which our friend, though dead, is still 
effectually assisting in the intellectual and re- 
ligious awakening of that Empire. This was 
his life work, so far as it was peculiar. In 
it he had found his sphere, and was peerless. 
It is safe to predict that for a century to come 
not a Bible, a Christian or scientific book 
printed from movable Chinese types in that 
Empire or in Japan, but will bear the impress ■ 
of Mr. Gamble's hand. And yet, such was his 
modesty, that I doubt if even his most intimate 
friends had any adequate conception of what 
he had done. It was as a rule only incidentally 
that he spoke of his work. This sketch would 
not be complete without a few words about his 
religious life as I saw it in Shanghai. His 
workmai were native Chinese, and most of 
them were at fir.^'t heathen. For their instruc- 
tion in the doctrines and duties of Christianity 
he was always anxious, and made constant pro- 
vision. In this he was assisted by his col- 
leagues, a native preacher who is now the 
pastor of the separate church that embraces 
the workmen at the Press, and by his native 
foreman, a devout Christian man, and most 
trusted friend. He attached himself to the 
Union Church at Shanghai, and was seldom 
absent from its services or from the weekly 
prayer meetings and other meetings of the mis- 
sion. But he took special interest in a class 
of young men, English, Germans and Swedes, 
whom he gathered together at Shanghai, and 
met each Sabbath at his own house for the 
study of some Scripture lesson and prayer. 
Every branch of the work of his own mission 
received his careful thought, and, burdened as 
he was by his own tasks, he still found time 
to advise, help and encourage his colleagues 
in all their work. He took special interest in 
the founding of the China Inland Mission, 
under J. Hudson Taylor, the special object of 
which was to place missionaries in the interior 
and in every province, and when the ship 'Lam- 
mermuir' brought the first dozen missionaries 
of that societv to China he received them into 



liis own home, and entertained them until they 
were able to make arrangements for their abode 
in the interior. His hospitality to the members 
of the mission, and indeed to all men, was un- 
bounded. He lived to see this society the 
largest by all odds in China, able to send out 
seventy new missionaries, I believe, in one year. 
When his work in Shanghai was done he 
made a tour of the mission ports and stations 
in China, and after several years' labor in 
Japan, where he went at the request of a 
Japanese prince, to teach type founding and 
printing, he returned to this country. \A'ith 
the desire for knowledge, especially of a 
scientific kind, which always characterized him, 
he entered the Sheffield Institute at New 
Haven, where, in recognition of his services to 
China and Japan, Yale College conferred on 
him the honorary title of [Master of Arts. He 
then entered the [Medical Department of the 
University of Pennsylvania, at Philadelphia, 
and continued his medical studies at Paris, re- 
siding afterward successively at Geneva, Lon- 
don and Edinburgh, whence he returned to this 
country, and settled in York. His life here, as 
you know, was quiet and uneventful. His true 
work had been done in China. There his name 
will be gratefullv remembered. There his in- 
fluence through the mighty engine of the press 
will be felt for all generations. Of our per- 
sonal relations I cannot now speak. Suffice it 
to say, that thrown together for five years in a 
heathen land, intimately associated in bur work, 
for mine in a sense supplemented his, we 
formed mutual attachments which death has 
not power to dissolve."' 

Mr. Gamble was nianied Sept. i, 1874, in 
Philadelphia, to Miss Phinie Aliller, daughter 
of the Rev. Samuel [Miller. Irnmediately upon 
their marriage Mr. and Mrs. Gamble went to 
Europe, where they remained seven years. 
Wishing, however, to have their children 
brought up in America, they returned to this 
country in the spring of 1881 and came to 
York in the summer of that year. Mr. Gamble 
built a home on the corner of Duke street and 
Cottage Place, but did not live many years to 
enjoy it. He caught a violent cold in May, 
1886, and died on the i8th of that month. He 
is buried at Prospect Hill cemetery. His chil- 
dren are as follows: Rev. William [Miller 
Gamble, Anna Dill Gamble and Samuel 

has since 1901 been the efficient assistant post- 
master of York, and for twenty years prior to 
that time was connected with the York Dis- 
patch. Mr. Hugentugler is a descendant, on 
both sides, of old and honorable families, the 
Smysers receiving fuller consideration else- 

The history of the family bearing the name 
of Hugentugler can be traced back to the year 
1710, at which date the original emigrant came 
to America from Hesse-Darmstadt. Frorii 
1 710 no trace can be found of the name until 
in 1750, when the birth of Abraham Hugen- 
tugler, the great-great-grandfather of Ephraim 
S., occurred. Four daughters and two sons 
were born to him. In 1794 one of the sons, the 
great-grandfather of Ephraim, married MisS' 
Christina Ortman. Ten children, seven sons- 
and three daughters, were born to this union. 
One of the sons, Samuel Hugentugler, the 
grandfather of Ephraim S., was born in 181 3. 
He was united in marriage to Miss Rebecca 
[Madden, and of this union were born four 
children, three sons and one daughter. Of this 
family Ephraim JM. Hugentugler, born in 1838, 
married Mary A. Smyser, and their family 
numbered eight children, seven of whom are 
living, Rebecca having died when only six 
years of age. The living are: Ephraim S., 
assistant postmaster of York ; Luther S., 
wholesale cigar dealer of Columbus, Ohio; 
Harry S., a chairmaker of York; and Estella, 
Abbie S., Grace and Mary, living at home. 
The father, Ephraim M. Hugentugler, an 
honored resident of York, is a retired mer- 
chant. For many years he was one of the able 
business men of that place and through honest 
dealing and thorough business methods ac- 
quired a competency, by which he was able to 
retire in his advancing age. 

Ephraim Smyser Hugentugler was born in 
Columbia, Lancaster county. [May 31, 1869. 
When he was ten years of age his parents took 
up their residence in York. Here, at the York 
high school, he received his education. Soon 
after leaving school he became a carrier for 
the York Dispatch. Afterward entering the 
office of that paper as an apprentice, he was ad- 
vanced until he became one of the most ef- 
ficient printers in the office. On Xov. i, 1901, 
he was appointed assistant postmaster of York. 
On June 26, 1892, [M*-. Hugentugler was 


joined in matrimony to Miss Laura Dander, of 
Lancaster, Pa., a daughter of a partner in the 
well-known Hollinger tannery of Lancaster, 
Pa. Mr. and Mrs. Hugentugler have one child, 
Charles R., a student at school. 

The career of Mr. Hugentugler in York 
has been entirely creditable and is an evidence 
of the fact that earnest and conscientious en- 
deavor counts in this work-a-day world. In 
politics Mr. Hugentugler is a stanch Republi- 
can; an active worker for his party, he was 
for nine years secretary of the Republican 
county committee. Socially he is a member of 
the York Club, the Heptasophs, the Elks, the 
Royal Arcanum, and the Jr. O. U. A. M. In 
religion he is a worthy member of the Union 
Lutheran Church. His obliging disposition 
and painstaking efforts to please the public 
have won him a very large place in the hearts 
of the people, and gained him their hearty ap- 

former firm of Hench & Dromgold, and now 
vice-president and general manager of the 
Hench & Dromgold Company, manufacturers 
of agricultural implements and machinery, is 
a son of John and Bandina (Hench) Drom- 
gold. He was born near Ickesburg, Perry 
Co., Pa., March 4, 1850, being of Scotch- 
Irish ancestry. 

Thomas Dromgold, grandfather of Walker 
A., was born in County Louth, near Dublin, 
Ireland, where his father was a merchant, mill 
owner and farmer. The former came to the 
United States in young manhood, emigrating 
from Warren Point, in the North of Ireland, 
about the nth day of May, 1801, and arriving 
at Newcastle, Del., July 226. of the same year. 
He traveled from there, mostly on foot, to the 
Chesapeake Bay, continuing his journey from 
the mouth of the Susquehanna river, follow- 
ing the river until he reached Millerstown, Pa. 
Removing from Millerstown to Donally's 
Mills, in the same county, Mr. Dromgold, the 
pioneer of that name in this country, pur- 
chased a farm near Ickesburg, Perry Co., Pa., 
and married Elizabeth Donally, of Donally's 
Mills. Four children were born of this union, 
three sons and one daughter. He resided 
on this farm until the time of his death, his 
widow subsequently remaining there, where 
she was tenderly cared for by the father of 

Walker A. Dromgold. In the Common Pleas 
court in Bloomfield, Perry county, Jan. 5, 
1830, Thomas Dromgold, then fifty-five years 
old, became a naturalized citizen of the United 
States. He died in Perry county, of which he 
had been one of the early settlers, March 8, 
1 841; and his wife, Elizabeth (Donally) 
Dromgold, died Sept. 28, i860, in her seventy- 
fourth year. 

John Dromgold, one of the three sons of 
Thomas Dromgold (the other two having 
been Edward and Manassas, and the daughter 
having been Susanna, who married Jacob 
Miller), was bom on the old homestead farm 
near Ickesburg, March 20, 181 1, and died on 
his farm near Ickesburg Jan. 13, 1887. On 
Aug. 18, 1834, he married Bandina Hench, 
daughter of Samuel and Elizabeth (Yohn) 
Hench, who had two sons and three daugh- 
ters, our subject's mother having been 
the eldest. Samuel Hench, the maternal 
grandfather of W. A. Dromgold, who was 
of German descent, had three brothers and 
five sisters : John, Jacob, Peter, Elizabeth, 
Susan, Catharine, Mary and Lena. Samuel 
Hench's farm adjoined that of the elder Drom- 
gold. Bandina (Hench) Dromgold was born 
Jan. 17, 1 81 5, and died Dec. i, 1876. During 
the first five years of their married life Mr. and 
Mrs. Dromgold lived on a farm near Dever's 
Run, then removed to Turbett township, near 
Port Royal, Juniata count3% a few years later 
removing to Spruce Hill township and finally 
returning to their native county, where they 
spent the remainder of their lives. He became 
the owner of his father's great farm of 600 
acres, 300 of which he improved, erecting a 
number of tenement houses, employing many 
laborers, and being justly regarded as a very 
prominent man. Honored with various of- 
fices in his township, he was active in political 
and busiiness affairs. He was a Democrat 
politically, and a devout member of the Lu- 
theran Church. Five sons and four daughters 
were born to him : Eliza J., deceased, who 
married Solomon Bower, deceased, late of 
Blain, Pa. ; J. Ellen, wife of Nicholas Ickes, of 
Nebraska; Maggie A., deceased, who was the 
wife of George Kochenderfer ; Sarah P., de- 
ceased, wife of Philip Kell, of Ickesburg, Pa.; 
Samuel M., of Blain, Perry county; William 
S., Hving on the old homestead; Dr. Thomas 
M., a practicing physician at Seneca. 111.; 




Walker A., our subject; and Dr. Stewart T., 
a practicing physician of Elmore, Ohio. 

Walker A. Dromgold was reared on the 
farm upon which he was born and was edu- 
cated in the public schools at Spring Grove 
and Mt. Pleasant. After leaving school be 
went to farming with his father, remaining at 
thiii until twenty-one years old. Then he con- 
ducted a farm for three years on his own ac- 
count, and next removed to Patterson, Juniata 
Co., Pa., continuing agricultural and other 
pursuits on the estate of Hon. James North, a 
very prominent citizen, of that section. 

His next move was to Turbett township, 
same county, where he continued to reside until 
1877, when he disposed of his interests and 
associated himself with S. Nevin Hench, of 
Ickesburg, in the manufacture and sale of agri- 
cultural implements, near Port Royal. At the 
end of two years Mr. Dromgold removed to 
Perry county, to take charge of his father's 
farm, remaining there three years, and, in 
addition to managing his father's farm, selling 
and manufacturing agricultural implements 
during that period. In 1882 Mr. Dromgold 
left Perry county and located in York, where 
the business he then established has grown to 
great proportions. In the formation of the 
National Harrow Company of New York 
Mr. Dromgold was elected a director in the in- 
terests of Hench & Dromgold, .serving and 
continuing as such to the present time. A few 
years later, on the formation of the Standard 
Harrow Company, of Jersey City, N. J., cap- 
italized at $2,000,000, Mr. Dromgold was 
elected a director, as a recognition of his large 
practical knowledge and sterling business 

On Sept. 23, 1871, Mr. Dromgold was 
married to Martha E. Shull, daughter of 
William Shull, of Ickesburg, Perry Co., Pa., 
and five children were born of this union : 
Delia Alice, Corinne, Thomas Edward, Bradie 
Lawrence and William Shull. Corinne and 
William Shull died in infancy. Mrs. Drom- 
.gold died Nov. 24, 1881. On Feb. 19, 1891, 
Mr. Dromgold again married, his present wife 
being Ella F. Wilt, of York, and six children 
have been born to this union : Florence Aileen, 
Davis Elkins, Kathryn Isabelle, Stewart A., 
Justina Marie Davenport, and Margaret. 

Mr. Dromgold is president of the Hench- 
Dromgold - Hartman - Rice - Ickes Reunion, 
which was attended by over one thousand 

people, and which was originally organized 
as the Hench-Dromgold Reunion. Not only 
does Mr. Dromgold take an active part in the 
affairs of the Hench & Dromgold works, em- 
ploying 225 people and sending their goods 
to all parts of the world, but he is also a mem- 
ber of the firm of Hench, Dromgold & Shull, 
manufacturers of lumber, having purchased, 
and now owning about twenty thousand acres 
of timber land at Mill Creek, W. Va., where 
they have a large sawmill plant in operation, 
shaving about fifteen miles of railroad for 
hauling logs, bark and pulp-wood. They also 
have a large wholesale and retail dry goods, 
grocery and furniture store at that point, giv- 
ing constant employment to from 150 to 200 
men. He is also a member of the firm of 
Hench, Dromgold & Co., Coffee Exchange 
Building, New York City, doing a large ex- 
port business. 

Mr. Dromgold finds time, in addition, for 
much social enjoyment as well. His favorite 
recreation is in visiting his farms, of which he 
owns four, and the two largest of the four are 
noted for the splendid crops produced, for 
Mr. Dromgold is as successful at farming as 
he is .at manufacturing. 

The Hench & Dromgold Company, as it 
now exists, was incorporated in 1902, with a 
capital of $350,000, and Mr.- Dromgold was 
made vice-president and general manager. He 
is a Mason of the thirty-second degree, belong- 
ing to the Reading Shrine and Harrisburg 
Consistory. In politics Mr. Dromgold is a 
stanch Republican, and was, for four years, a 
member of the select council from the Eleventh 
ward. Here, as in all other matters intrusted 
to him, he gave intelligent and earnest thought, 
doing much for the city's good. In fact Mr. 
Dromgold does all things thoroughly and 
well, whether it be manufacturing, farming, or 
whatever else he may undertake. 

The genealogy of Bandina (Hench) 
Dromgold is as follows : 

(I) Johannis Hange (John Hench) emi- 
grated from Germany more than two centuries 
ago. Through the Palatinate, along the Rhine, 
the border provinces had been repeatedly rav- 
aged by cruel and merciless war. Their cities, 
towns and villages were burned, their property 
confiscated or destroyed, their crops and vine- 
yards trodden down, and their churches and 
schools ruined. Finding no rest, peace nor 

1 86 


security in their own land, many thousands of 
them fled down the Rhine, finding refuge in 
Holland, and other thousands in England for 
a time. In England many found a sympathetic 
friend in William Penn, and he invited many 
of them to come to America. Queen Anne of 
England also invited them, and even bore the 
expenses of transportation for many of them 
to come to the Colonies. 

Among those Gtermans who came to 
America to select their homes was Johannis 
Hange (John Hench), a blacksmith by trade, 
from Wurtemberg, who landed at Philadelphia 
on the ship "Lydia," Sept. 20, 1743. After 
a time he returned to Wurtemberg and was 
married. He returned to America, landing 
at Philadelphia, Sept. 2, i'749, on the ship 
"Chesterfield." He settled in Vincent town- 
ship, Chester Co., Pa., removed to Pikeland 
township in 1753, and purchased land. His 
name appears on the list of Chester county 
taxables from 1756 to 1778. 

To John Hench and his wife were born 
eight children, five sons and three daughters. 
The sons were Peter, Henry, John, Jacob and 
George ; the daughters, Maria Elizabeth, 
Christina and Betsy or Elizabeth. Two o-f the 
sons, Peter ( a fifer and drummer) and Henry, 
enlisted on a war vessel, in the war of the 
Revolution, in 1774. They were afterward 
captured and died of neglect and starvation 
on a prison ship at New York, and were buried 
under a mound in Trinity churchyard. New 
York. Their names are found ■ in the Penn- 
sylvania Archives. 

The third son, John, enlisted in 1777 and 
was made second lieutenant, 4th Battalion, 
Pennsylvania Continental Line, under Major 
Peter Hartman, a kinsman. Not only in the 
field but at home they rendered valuable serv- 
ices to the cause of freedom, by furnishing cat- 
tle to the army and rendering services and care 
and food to the sick and wounded soldiers in 
the hospital at Yellow Springs, which was not 
far from their home. After the battle of 
Brandywine a portion of Gen. Wayne's di- 
vision retreated across the valley hill and en- 
camped in the evening in the meadows on John 
Hench's farm. Mr. Hench, told the soldiers 
they were welcome to take whatever they 
wanted. As soon as they pitched their tents 
and lighted their camp fires from the fences, 
forty head of fat cattle were driven into the 
yard, and the slaughtering continued until all 

their wants were supplied. Many of the sol- 
diers were shoeless, and used the skins from 
the bullocks, strapping them in the form to 
use them as shoes, to protect their feet, which 
were sore and bleeding. 

John Hench's will was dated June 28, 1801. 
Before his death he removed to Mifflin county, 
now Juniata county, in Milford township, 
with his sons and daughter, Mrs. Zachary Rice. 
He was buried at Academia, Pennsylvania. 

(II) John Hench married Margaret Rice, 
daughter of Zach. Rice. Children of (II) John 
Hench : Sons — Peter, Jacob, John, Samuel 
and Conrad, who was killed when young; 
daughters — Elizabeth married John Bryner; 
Jane Christina married Joseph Bryner; 
Susanna married Daniel Motzer; Sallie mar- 
ried Jacob Strauch ; Rebecca married John 
Ritter; Judith married Jacob Evinger; Catha- 
rine married George Rausch; Pauline re- 
mained unmarried. 

Children of Jacob Hench (i) (son of emi- 
grant John Hench) and his wife, Susanna 
Rice : Sons — John, Zachariah, Major Peter ; 
daughters — Abigail, Mary and Nancy. 

Ch'ildren of George Hench ( i ) , son of 
emigrant John Hench : Son — John ; daughter 
— Maria. 

Children of Peter Hench (2), brother of 
grandfather Samuel Hench : Sons — Parkin- 
son H. and Samuel H. ; daug'hters — Jane and 

Children of Jacob Hench (2), brother of 
grandfather Samuel : Sons — George Hench 
and John Hench ; daughters — Elizabeth Mary, 
Susanna and Rebecca. 

Children of John Hench (3), brother of 
grandfather Samuel : Sons — John, Jacob, 
Conrad and Samuel ; daughters — Elizabeth 
and Margaret. 

Children of Samuel Hench, grandfather 
of Walker A. Dromgold : Sons — Jeremiah 
Hench, George W^ashington Hench ; daugh- 
ters — Bandina married John Dromgold ; Sarah 
Ann married John B. Ritter; Margaret mar- 
ried Joseph Kell. 

HOWARD P. GOODLING, manager of 
the office of the A. B. Farquhar plant in York, 
is one of the rising young men of that city. He 
was born Dec. 6, 1872, at Loganville, in 
Springfield township, York county, son of Rev, 
Charles H. and Eliza (Miller) Goodling. 

Rev. Charles H. Goodling was also born 



at Loganville, in 1850, and spent his early 
life there. He educated himself for the min- 
istry and was ordained in 1881, now filling a 
charge at West Berwick, Pa. He married 
Elizabeth Miller, daughter of Samuel and 
Mary (Fishel) Miller. 

Howard P. Goodling spent his school days 
in Williamsport, Baltimore and York, attended 
two years at Central Pennsylvania College, and 
three months at the Rochester Business Uni- 
versity, Rochester, N.Y. He then taught school 
for one year in Union county, and in 1895 
entered the employ of the A. B. Farquhar Com- 
pany as clerk in the office, where by hard and 
conscientious work he has advanced himself 
to his present position, having charge of the 
office and the advertising and sales business. 
In 1893 ^f- Goodling was united in marriage 
with Maggie Spangler, daughter of John and 
Jane (Schoch) Spangler, of Union county, and 
to this union have been born two children, 
Donald E. and Margaret E. He and his fam- 
ily reside at No. 47 North Queen street, York. 
In his political affiliations Mr. Goodling is a 


one of York's prominent retired citizens, was 
born in Prussia, Germany, Feb. 9, 1822, son 
of Charles Lewis and Wilhelmina (Kromer) 
Schnable, the former of whom was a stone 
mason by trade, a vocation he followed in his 
native country, where he died at the age of 
seventy-one years. Mrs. Schnable died when 
sixty-five years of age. 

Charles Frederick Schnable is the only 
child of his parents yet living, and he received 
his education in his native country. He came 
to America in June, 1839, landing in Philadel- 
phia, where he remained, however, but one 
day. He made his way to York by way of 
Lancaster and Columbia, in a wagon, there be- 
ing no railway service at that time, and on ar- 
riving in York he found employment as clerk 
in a hardware store for Mr. Rosenmiller, with 
whom he remained eighteen years. Mr. 
Schnable then went to Tyler's hardware store, 
being employed at that place twenty-seven 
years, as manager, and at the end of that time 
he retired from active life. Mr. Schnable spent 
twelve years in the city of Chicago, but now 
makes his home with his daughter, Mrs. J. D. 
Harnish, of No. 625 East Market street, York. 
Mr. Schnable is the owner of a fine home in 

Irving Park, one of the fine residence suburbs 
of the city of Chicago, 111., and he also owns 
the building occupied by the Bixler Candy 
Company, of York, situated at No. 207-209 
West Market street. 

In 1849 Mr. Schnable and Sophia Holt- 
stine were united in marriage. Mrs. Schnable 
was born Oct. 2, 1828, in Germany, daughter 
of Adam Holtstine, and she died in 1895, be- 
ing- buried at Prospect Hill cemetery. The 
children born to Mr. and Mrs. Schnable were 
as follows: John Henry, who died March 17, 
1874; Edwin, who died June 30, 1854; Mary, 
who died Oct. 10, 1870; Annie, wife of J. D. 
Harnish, of East Market street, where our sub- 
ject resides; Charles L., who married Eva 
Shirey, and is in the job printing business in 
Chicago, 111. ; William, who married Pearl 
Dudgeon, and is a partner with his brother, 
Charles L., in the printing business; George 
M., who died Sept. 14, 1888; and Harry, de- 
ceased. All of the deceased children were in- 
terred in the family burying lot in Prospect 
Hill cemetery. 

In politics Mr. Schnable is a Democrat, but 
takes no interest in political matters, and for 
the last twelve years has not even attended the 
elections. He is a faithful member of St. 
Paul's Lutheran Church of York, in the work 
of which he has been active, and has served as 
a member of the church council. Mr. Schna- 
ble's eighty-four years show that time has 
touched him lightly, leaving him in the enjoy- 
ment of physical vigor and mental strength. 
Through his years of successful business ex- 
perience he has retained the confidence and es- 
teem of his fellow citizens which he gained in 
his earlier years. 

HENRY CARLS was for some years en- 
gaged in agricultural pursuits, but has lived 
retired for some time. He was born May 2, 
1829, in Hanover, Germany, son of Frederick 
W. and Annie E. (Myers) Carls. The father 
was a day laborer in Germany, emigrating in 
1854 to America, where he followed farming 
until his death, in his eight}'-sixth year, at the 
home of his son in Michigan. His wife had 
died aged fifty-two years, leaving these chil- 
dren : Charles F., who is now living at the 
advanced age of eighty years, at Columbia, 
Pa.; Francis H., residing in South America; 
Henry; Herman H., who died in 1905, in 
Michigan ; Margaretta, who lives in Indiana ; 


Henrietta, who resides in Cincinnati ; and 
Annie Catherine, who passed away in York, 
aged twent3'-two years. 

Henr)- Carls received a common-school 
education and learned the tanner's trade in 
Germany. On June 25, 1856, Mr. Carls landed 
at Baltimore, whence he removed to York, 
where his father and. brother (Herman H.) 
were located. Mr. Carls' first employment was 
with a mason, no work at his own trade being 
obtainable. On Oct. 5, 1856, he engaged with 
Kurtz & Baugher at his trade and was em- 
ployed by that firm when he enlisted, on Aug. 
21,' 1864, in Co. H, 200th Pa. Vol. Inf. 
He was an active participant at Fort Stead- 
man, Petersburg, and in a number of other en- 
gagements, and was discharged 'at Alexandria, 
Va. After the war he returned to York, where 
he worked at his trade for a few years with Mr. 
Smyser, the tanner. He then purchased a farm 
in Hopewell township, but as his wife did not 
care for country life he returned to York after 
a three months' experience as an agriculturist. 
He was employed by Mr. Baugher until 1895, 
since which time he has been living in retire- 
ment at his home. No. 348 North Philadelphia 

In 1856 Mr. Carls married Anna Mary 
Catherine Brinkmyer, who was born in Ger- 
many, daughter of Henry Brinkmyer. She 
died July 22, 1904, and was buried at Prospect 
Hill cemetery. Mr. and Mrs. Carls had these 
children : Louisa Catherine, the wife of Caspar 
H. Oberdick, a carpet weaver of York; 
Amelia, the wife of Henry F. Fisher, foreman 
of the A. B. Farquhar foundry in York, where 
they reside; and Annie, Charles, Frederick, 
Henry and Samuel, all deceased. In politics 
Mr. Carls is a Republican. He is an active 
member of the First U. B. Church, in which 
he has been class-leader and Sunday-school 
treasurer for twenty-six years. 

HENRY WASBERS, president of H. 
Washers' York City Laundry Company, is one 
of the most familiar figures in the business, po- 
litical and social life of York. It is safe to say 
that there is no name with which the people qf 
York are more famiilar than that of Henry 
Washers. As a laundryman he is widely 
known, his wagons being constantly "on the 
go'' through the streets of York, and his signs 
visible on almost every street in the city. 

The building which Mr. Washers occupies 
for laundry, residence and apartment flats is 
one of the finest on East King street. The orig- 
inal building, which was 24x110 feet in dimen- 
sions, was erected by Mr. Washers in 1895, 
and more recently, in 1903, an addition was 
built, which made the dimensions 48x110. 
This building, which is of buff brick and terra 
cotta, is four stories in height, the first and sec- 
ond floors being devoted to laundry purposes. 
Besides having his residence there, Mr. Was- 
hers rents four flats of six rooms each, each 
flat having an individual bath. He has twenty 
out-of-town offices to his laundry, and the busi- 
ness has doubled in the last seven years, the 
output of work now amounting to $1,000 per 
week. Mr. Washers was the pioneer in his 
line, establishing and for a long time conduct- 
ing alone the business that in April, 1905, be- 
came the H. Washers York City Laundry 
Company, with a capital stock of $100,000. 
The officers are: H. Washers, president and 
treasurer; Jacob Washers, vice-president; and 
H. C. Ulmer, secretary. 

The laundry is not the only business in 
which Mr. Washers is interested, he being the 
president of the Rockdale Powder Company. 
He is manager of the York County Agricult- 
ural Society, treasurer of the Merchants' Elec- 
tric Light, Heat & Power Company, and finan- 
cially interested in many other directions. He 
is also president of the York City Gun Club, 
and president of the York County Game Pro- 
tective Association, having- been one of the or- 
ganizers of the latter club. Fraternally he be- 
longs to the B. P. O. E. and the Lafayette Club. 

In politics Mr. Washers is a Democrat, and 
he was elected to the select council from the 
First ward for a four-years term, this election 
having taken place in February, 1904. He is 
one of the most intelligent and progressive 
members of the Highway committee, and is 
ever ready to contribute of his time, influence 
and means to the material growth of the city of 
York. It is not a matter of wonder, therefore, 
that he was urged by his Democratic friends, 
as well as by many Republican friends, to ac- 
cept the nomination for mayor of York in the 
spring of 1905. 

HENRY F. FISHER, foreman in the 
foundry of the A. B. Farquhar Co., of York, 
Pa., and a public spirited and representative 
citizen, was born June 12, 1857, in Manne- 


giifen, Hafort, Westfalen, Prussia, son of 
William J. Fisher. 

The grandfather of our subject was a 
farmer of Prussia, Germany, who had a fam- 
ily of twelve children : -William ; Henry ; 
Louisa ; Mary ; Elizabeth ; Maria ; Elizabeth 
(2) ; Frederick, who came to America at the 
age of thirty-two years, and was never heard 
of again by his family; Catherine; Ida; 
Frances ; and William J. Of the above family 
Frederick, Catherine and Ida were triplets. 

William J. Fisher was born in Prussia May 
8, 1824, and there followed farming. He en- 
listed in the war of the Rebellion as a private, 
1847 to 1851. On Oct. I, 1857, he landed in 
Baltimore with his family, remaining there one 
night, after which he located in York, where 
he found employment in a stone quarry, re- 
maining for forty-five years, for thirty- 
seven years of which he was with H. Y. Kott- 
camp. He married Marj^ Stottmyer, born 
April 25, 1828, in Germany, daughter of An- 
thony Stottmyer. They are both still living 
and in good health, making their home at No. 
141 North Penn street, York. For twenty- 
eight years Mr. Fisher has been a class leader 
in the First United Brethren Church. His chil- 
dren were : Mary Ann, who married George A. 
Shettley, died in 1891, and is buried at Pros- 
pect Hill cemetery; William J., who died in 
Germany at the age of one year ; Henry F. ; 
J. William, who died in York in 1885, and is 
buried at Prospect Hill cemetery ; and Louisa 
Jane, wife of John Myers, of York. 

Henry F. Fisher attended the district 
schools of the township until eleven years of 
age, when he found his first employment in 
York at stripping tobacco, and he also worked 
at the old brick yard. In 1869 he engaged with 
Mr. Baugher at the molding trade, and re- 
mained there until 1880, when he went to the 
A. B. Farquhar Company. In 1896-7-8-9 he 
was janitor of the Garfield school, but after 
that returned to the Farquhar Co., taking 
charge of the foundry July i, 1900. He is a 
very skilled mechanic, and has eighty-five men 
working under his order. Mr. Fisher makes 
his residence at No. 39 North Penn street, 

In 1879 Mr. Fisher and Miss Amelia Jane 
Carls were united in marriage. She was born 
Aug. 21, 1859, daughter of Henry and Anna 
Mary (Brinkmyer) Carls. The following chil- 

dren have been born to this marriage : Charles 
H., born April 25, 1880, attended the Col- 
legiate Institute of York for three years, grad- 
uated from the Lebanon Valley College in 
1904, and is now attending the Union Theo- 
logical Seminary at New York City, studying 
for the ministry; Nettie K., born Sept. 16, 
1881, a graduate of the York High School, is 
teaching in the Garfield school ; Lottie M., born 
July 6, 1884, is a graduate (1905) in music, 
from the Lebanon Valley College; \\'illiam J., 
born Feb. 7, 1886, is a draughtsman at the A. 
B. Farquhar Co.; Rosa J., born Sept. 8, 1887, 
is at home; Clarence E., born May 8, 1892, 
is at school; and Ralph F. was born Nov. 3, 
1 90 1. Politically Mr. Fisher is a Republican, 
and is now serving on the city school board 
from the Fifth ward. In 1887 he was a mem- 
ber of the common council. 

H. KISTER FREE, of the firm of H. Free 
& Co., dealers in wines and liquors at York and 
also county commissioner, is one of the leading 
young business men of that city. He was born 
Aug. 9, 1869, at York, and comes of one of the 
old York county families. 

Adam Free, the grandfather, was a farmer 
and distiller in Manchester township, York 
county, where he died aged fifty-eight years, 
and lies buried in the Prospect Hill cem'eterv. 
He married Mary Ann Hake, daughter of 
Jacob Hake and she died aged sixty-two years, 
and was laid to rest by the side of her husband. 
Their children were: Eli H. Free married 
(first) Mary Kraft, who died in 1865, a"d 
(second) Catherine Cassel, and thev reside in 
Newberry township near Falls Station ; Jacob, 
deceased, married Adeline Fink ; Andrew mar- 
ried Eliza Stare, and lives near Emigsville, 
Pa. : Henry married Leah Rutter, and died in 
York; Augustus is mentioned below; Louise, 
widow of Alexander W. Shetter, resides at No. 
119 Beaver street, York; Mary is the wife of 
John Schall of York; Amanda is the wife of 
H. Gipe of York; John W., deceased, married 
Katie Ingelfritz; and Catherine Jane is the 
widow of John Loucks of York. 

Augustus Free, father of our subject, with 
his brother Henry, established the business 
which is now operated by H. Kister Free. He 
died in York in 1898.' He married Jennie 
Kister of Etters, Pa., who survives. 

H. Kister Free was educated in the public 



schools of York, and at York Academy, and 
began business life as clerk for his father and 
uncle Henry in the very store of which he is 
now one of the proprietors. Here he continued 
to clerk for ten years. In February, 1900, he 
and his brother Ralph A. bought the business 
and have conducted it very successfully ever 
since, having a very large trade in this and sur- 
rounding counties. The location continues the 
same as formerly, No. 44 North George street. 

Mr. Free is one of the city's active Re- 
publican politicians, having been elected to the 
council first to fill out the unexpired term of 
Peter Keller, in 1895, and subsequently was 
elected to the office for three terms from the 
Second ward. Under the administration of 
Mayor Gibson he was elected county commis- 
sioner in January, 1901, and still most ef- 
ficiently fills the duties of the office. He has 
great influence with all elements, and is looked 
upon as one of the rising young business men 
and politicians. 

Mr. Free married Annie M. Stallman, 
daughter of William H. Stallman, of York,and 
they have two children, Raymond K. and Will- 
iam A., both at school. Mr. Free has a wide 
circle of friends both in and out of the various 
fraternal organizations, he having membership 
in a number of these, being president of the 
Rex Hook and Ladder Co. of York; of 
Codorus Council, No. 115, Jr. O. U. A. M., 
of York; Odd Fellows Lodge No. 853; 
Heptasophs No. 12, and has passed all the 
chairs in York Lodge No. 213, B. P. O. E., of 
which he is one of the past Exalted Rulers. 

Pa., proprietor of the establishment of Albany 
Dentists, is a native of the State of Kansas, 
born in Marysville, that State, Sept. 28, 1872, 
son of Rev. C. S. Bolton. 

Jacob H.Bolton, grandfather of the Doctor, 
was born in Harrisburg, Pa. In early man- 
hood he went to Ohio, and there died, as did 
also his wife, Rachael (Ross) Bolton, who had 
been born in Lancaster, Pa. A brother of 
Jacob H. Bolton founded the well known Bol- 
ton Hotel, in Harrisburg, which still bears that 

Rev. C. S. Bolton, father of Dr. Bolton, 
was educated at Oberlin, Ohio, for the min- 
istry, and followed that calling in the Baptist 
faith for a number of years. He retired in 

1900, and since that j^ear has lived in Cameron, 
Mo., with his wife. The Rev. Mr. Bolton mar- 
ried Lydia A. Shelly, and they had six chil- 
dren : Dr. J. C, a dentist of Lancaster, Pa.; 
J. H., a merchant of Cameron, Mo.; Minnie; 
Alice; Luella; and Dr. Wilson W. 

Dr. Wilson W. Bolton spent his early 
school days in his native place, and graduated 
from the high school at Cameron, Mo. He 
then entered the Kansas City Dental College, 
from which he graduated in 1892, and in 1893 
he came to Pennsylvania and located at Lan- 
caster, where he remained three years, engaged 
in the practice of his profession. After this he 
attended a Pennsylvania dental college, and 
when he had graduated he settled in York, 
opening an office in 1899 at No. 24 West I\Iar- 
ket street, where he has since been engaged. 
He has one of the best ecjuipped offices in the 
city and has built up a large practice. 

The Doctor was united in marriage in 1899 
to Miss Adele Eichler, daughter of H. P. Eich- 
ler, a manufacturer of Lancaster, Pa., and two 
children have been born to this union : Helen 
Adele and Richard Wilson. The Doctor is 
a member of the Elks and is past regent of the 
Royal Arcanum. He is a member of the Bap- 
tist Church, while Mrs. Bolton is a Moravian. 

JACOB E. WEAVER. The law is an ex- 
acting' employer, and yet a sure and liberal pay- 
master. Served faithfully, the profession 
yields its devotees good financial returns and 
what is immeasurably better a mental quicken- 
ing which makes it increasingly more profitable 
in both lines. The gentleman whose honored 
name heads this review is one of the youngest 
attorneys, in point of service, of the York 
County Bar, though he is by no means a 
stranger in legal circles, having been for some 
ten 3^ears prior to his admission in January, 
1904, a stenographer to Joseph R. Straw- 
bridge, one of the leading attorneys of York 

A native of the county, Mr. Weaver comes 
of one of its oldest families, his grandfather, 
Daniel Weaver, liaving emigrated from Ger- 
many and settled in this section in an early 
day. A farmer, by nature, he became possessed 
of considerable land, of the cultivation and care 
of which no one has a better knowledge than 
the German. Samuel Weaver, the father of 
our subject, was a merchant of York. He was 



born in 1820, and died July 17, 1883, at the 
age of sixty-three. The mother, whose maiden 
name was Anna Mary Zeigler, was a daughter 
of Rev. Jacob Zeigler, a minister of the Re- 
formed Church, and a sister of ex-Congress- 
man Zeigler, a prominent member of the York 
County Bar. To the marriage of Samuel and 
Anna Mary (Zeigler) Weaver were born four 
children : Jacob E. ; Samuel G., in the service 
of the Pullman Car Company; Daniel A., 
United States Mail carrier; and William H., 
employed by the York Manufacturing Com- 

Jacob E. Weaver was born in York, Sept. 
24, 1868. His earlier education was received 
in the public schools of his native place, but 
later he attended the Walworth Stenographic 
Institute, in New York, where he graduated. 
For some time after graduation he worked in 
New York City, afterward returning to York, 
where he became stenographer in the law office 
of Gise, Ziegler & Strawbridge. For ten years 
he gave his best efforts to this work, and in 
return received the experience and knowledge 
of law and business generally, acquired only 
in the office of such men as Mr. Gise, Mr. 
Ziegler and Mr. Strawbridge. His evenings 
were spent in reading law, and after passing 
a most creditable examination he was on Jan. 
18, 1904, admitted to the practice of law in his 
home county. He is at present notary public 
for the York County National Bank, and to the 
J. H. Baer & Sons Bank, and the Western 
National Bank. 

On Jan. 30, 1893, Mr. Weaver was united 
in marriage to Miss Catherine I. Lauer, daugh- 
ter of Edmund E. Lauer, a former resident of 
York, now deceased. Four children were born 
to this union : Charles E. ; Katherine M. ; Jacob 
L. ; and George, deceased. 

As intimated in the opening paragraph of 
this review, Mr. \\^eaver found in his new field 
of endeavor many friends. In addition to hav- 
ing been associated with one of the leading at- 
torneys he had served as court detective dur- 
ing Mr. Strawbridge's incumbency in the office 
of district attorney, an experience which gave 
him a fine insight into the workings of the 
courts. Success seems assured for one so well 
equipped for the practice of the law. Along 
social lines Mr. Weaver is prominent in Odd 
Fellowship, having in 1904 been district deputy 
grand master of the Subordinate Lodge of 

York county, and is at present a Representative 
to the Grand Lodge, I. O. O. F., of Pennsyl- 
vania. He is also a worthy member of the 
IMasonic Order and a member of the Vigilant 
Steam & Chemical Fire Engine Company No. 
I of York, Pa. In political action he favors the 
Democratic party, and in religious faith is a 
consistent member of the Reformed Church. 

SWORDS are the well-known Swords Broth- 
ers, prominent photographers of York. The 
present firm, established in 1889, is a recog- 
nized factor in the business life of the town, 
the brothers doing an excellent business in all 
the standard lines of their work, to which they 
have recently added a line which makes even 
greater demands on the artistic capabilities — 
oil portraiture. Their success in this departure 
is the best evidence of their ability. 

William Swords, grandfather of the broth- 
ers, lived and died in Lancaster county. Pa. 
His son, David Swords, came to York county 
some thirty years ago from Alaytown, Lancas- 
ter count}'. He married Adaline Drebenstadt, 
also of Lancaster count}*, and they had six chil- 
dren, of whom three are living. Of the others, 
Cassandra died in early childhood ; Anna, who 
married Benjamin Leber, died in 1885 ; and 
Flora, who married William Rudy, died in 
1888. The survivors are: Frances, wife of 
Fred Recker, formerly of York and now of 
Philadelphia; and William H. and George A., 
the photographers. 

William H. Swords wa's born in Maytown, 
Lancaster county, Jan. 30, 1865, and received 
his education in the public schools of his native 
place. He learned the art of photography in 
Columbia, Lancaster county, and when ready 
to go into business settled in York, where he 
has lived much of his life. He was for a time 
junior partner in the firm of Pentz & Swords, 
and in 1889 his brother George A. became his 

Mr. Swords married (first) Adalaide Dofif- 
ler, who died, leaving him a daughter. Ger- 
trude, now Mrs. William JNIiller, of York. The 
second wife of Mr. Swords was Jennie Fassett, 
daughter of James Fassett, of York. No chil- 
dren were born to this union. 

George A. Swords was born in Maytown, 
Jan. 31, i860, and attended school in that place 
and in York. For several vears he was asso- 



ciated with a Mr. Jefferies, and then bought out 
the interest of Air. Pentz, his brother's partner, 
and the firm of Swords Brothers was estab- 

Mr. Swords married, in 1885, Jennie 
Wampler, daughter of Lewis B. Wampler, de- 
ceased, of York. One child has been born of 
this marriage, Earl W., a student. 

C. F. WIEST, one of York's successful 
business men, is a native of that city, where he 
has spent his entire hfe. He was born June 
21, 1853, son of Michael and Sarah (Berk- 
heimer) Weist. 

Michael Wiest was born in 1821, at what 
is now Nashville, York county, and there he 
learned the blacksmith's trade. Coming to 
York, he followed his trade until 1855, when 
he engaged in the machine business at the rear 
of his residence, No. 234 West Market street. 
Having made a success of this enterprise, in 
1892 he turned the business over to his sons, 
Clayton F. and Jacob L. Michael Wiest mar- 
ried Sarah Berkheimer. daughter of Henry 
Berkheimer, who died in 1900, being buried at 
Prospect Hill cemetery. In politics Mr. Wiest 
is a Republican. He is a charter member of 
the Heidelberg Church, in which he is a deacon, 
elder and trustee. The children born to him- 
self and wife are as follows : William H., who 
resides at No. 232 West Market street, York, 
married Miss Mary Fisher, and is clerking at 
the Bon Ton store; Clayton F. ; Jacob L., who 
married Emma K. Greiman, is in business with 
his brother, our subject. 

Clayton F. Wiest attended school until fif- 
teen years of age, when he learned the machin- 
ist's trade with Baugher & Bi'other of York, 
with whom he remained until 1875. He was 
then employed by A. B. Farquhar until 1878, 
and is now engaged in a very successful ma- 
chine business. Most of the work is job work, 
and the firm has a match-box machine (their 
own invention) on the market which is known 
all over the United States. 

Mr. Wiest was married, in 1875, to Miss 
Annie Shetrone, who died in May, 1903, and 
is buried at Prospect Hill cemetery. Their 
union was blessed with children as follows : 
John M., deceased; Sarah M. ; Walter C, de- 
ceased; Ethel M., deceased; one that died in 
infancy unnamed; and A. Louise, deceased. 
Politically Mr. Wiest is a Republican. He 

lives at his home No. 465 \\"est King street, 

JACOB L. WTEST, who, with his brother 
Clayton F. Wiest, is conducting a large and 
successful machine business in York, Pa., is 
one of the successful business men of that city. 
He was born in York, April 16, 1856, son of 
Michael and Sarah (Berkheimer) Wiest. 

Jacob L. Wiest attended the common 
schools of York, and afterward the York Coun- 
ty Academy, finishing his education at the age 
of sixteen years. His first employment was in 
a cigar box factory, but he later learned the 
machinist's trade, in which business he has 
made a success. In 1892 he and his brother 
took control of their father's business, which 
the latter had retired from, and have been very 
successful, the product of their shop being 
known all over the United States. 

In 1874 Mr. Wiest was united in marriage 
with Miss Emma K. Greiman, and they are 
living at No. 422 South George street, York. 
They have these children : Edwin Michael, de- 
ceased; Fannie E., Maude E. and Jacob Fred- 
erick. Politically Mr. Wiest is a Republican. 


The lady whose name opens this sketch is one 
whose advancement in her profession has given 
her a prominent place in the medical fraternity 
not only of York, but all over the State of 
Pennsylvania. She has a remarkably interest- 
ing family history, its records reaching far 
back to the early settlers of New England and 
the days of the great revolutionary stmggle 
which separated the Colonies from the Mother 
Country. Histor}' has few more distinguished 
names in the records of that day than Elder 
Brewster and Jonathan Edwards, the Conants 
and De Beirces, Puritan and Hug'uenot com- 

Marquis De Beirce, one of these ancestors, 
suffered on the guillotine, a victim on the eve 
of St. Bartholomew, but his brother escaped and 
later reached American shores, laying aside his 
title of nobility. Hezekiah Beirce, his descend- 
ant, was, with at least a dozen other ancestors, 
a member of the Patriot army, and a seasoned 
military man, having served also in the French 
and Indian war. He had property interests in 
four counties. 

Another ancestor. Dr. Ebenezer Alarvin, 

/IfloeAeutJ- 9l^:6e^-tr- 



went to the assistance of Ethan Ahen and 
Benedict Arnold at Ticonderoga and served 
until after the capture of Gen. Burgoyne. His 
skill and courage in caring for the terribly 
wounded soldiers was only on an equality with 
the fortitude of his wife, who, while preparing 
lint in the cellar, gave birth to a son. 

Naturally Dr. Crawford values her mem- 
bership in the Society of Colonial Dames of 
New York, the Beirce. Conant, Marvin and 
Townsend families each having given her that 
privilege by service to the Crown. 

The Townsends descended from Sir Roger 
Townsend, of Rainham Hall. Norwich, Eng- 
land, the present seat of the Marcpiis of Town- 
send. While in England in 1902 Dr. Craw- 
ford visited this historic spot, also the British 
Museum, and in Westminster Abbey saw the 
monument erected by the Viscountess Town- 
send to the memory of her son, Lieut. Col. 
Roger Townsend, who fell in the battle of 
Ticonderoga. The coat of arms of the Town- 
sends has three shells on the shield, and the 
Latin inscription is Haec gcncri incrcniciita 
fides. The great-grandfather Townsend was a 
graduate of Princeton and a prominent man in 
the State of Vermont, being the first Secretary 
of State. He owned several grants of land in 

Dr. Crawford was born at Dayton, Ohio, 
Dec. 2, i860, daughter of Micajah Townsend 
Hill and Flora Eldred (Beirce) Hill, the 
former of Highgate, Vt., and the latter a 
daughter of Horatio Nelson and Chloe Bridge- 
man (Conant) Beirce. The mother of l3r. 
Crawford died when she was about twelve 
years of age; a brother, Alfred Marvin, died 
also at the age of twelve ; » sister, Helen, wife 
of Walter Grant Taylor, died Feb. 26, 1896. 
The surviving members of the family are : 
Mary Beirce, Agnes Gale, and Dr. Crawford, 
of York. Both sisters are prominently identi- 
fied with the Y. W. C. A. work, Agnes being 
the general secretary for India, Ceylon, and 
Burmah, and Mary, for Madras. Dr. Craw- 
ford has a half-brother, Alfred Reed Hill, 
graduated at Yale, in 1902, in the theological 
class of Cambridge, in 1905, and ordained 
a priest on June ist, of that year, and he is 
now curate to Dean Slaterly at the Cathedral, 
Faribault, Minnesota. 

Dr. Crawford was educated at Oberlin Col- 
lege, later entered upon the study of medicine 

and was graduated at Hahnemann Aledical 
College at Chicago, in 1884, and from the Wo- 
man's Medical College at Baltimore, in 1886. 
She then took an extended tour through Eu- 
rope, visiting the hospitals of London, Edin- 
burgh and Paris, bearing letters of introduc- 
tion to eminent physicians and surgeons in 
those cities. She entered upon the practice of 
her profession at Chambersburg, Pa., and asso- 
ciated with the late Dr. Katherine Crawford, 
built up a lucrative practice, continuing for 
seventeen 3'ears. 

On April 30, 1892, Dr. Crawford married 
Frederick Markley Crawford, who lived until 
coming to York on the old Crawford estate 
that has been held by the family from the time 
of the Penns. The Crawfords were with the 
original colony that settled Franklin county, 
Mr. Crawford having the original deed convey- 
ing Penn's Manor, consisting of 600 acres, to 
the Crawfords. In digging up the soil of the 
old Manor garden it is not an infrecpient occur- 
rence to find a George III. silver piece there. 
A number of the Crawfords served with dis- 
tinction in the Revolutionary War. 

Dr. Crawford belongs to the Daughters of 
the Revolution, the Colonial Dames, the May- 
flower Society and the New England Society. 
In religious observance she is an Episcopalian. 
Socially she is a charming, cultured woman, 
and professionally she is skilled and successful. 

ROBERT E. GEPHART, who held the 
responsible position of agent for the Adams 
Express Company, handling the large amount 
of business here transacted with the company 
with marked discrimination and ability, and 
enjoying unqualified popularity with the local 
public, is a member of a family whose name has 
been identified with American annals since the 
Colonial era, the early progenitors having lo- 
cated in Maryland and West Virginia, whither 
they came from Germany. 

John Gephart, grandfather of our subject, 
was an extensive dealer in cattle and main- 
tained his home in Cumberland, JMd., where 
his death occurred. 

John H. Gephart, father of Robert E., re- 
sides in the city of York, and is route agent for 
the Adams Express Company, with whose 
service he has been identified for a number of 
years past. The maiden name of his wife was 
Sallie O. W^alters, and she was born in West 



Virginia, a daughter of George ^^■alters. Of 
this union our subject is the only child. 

Robert E. Gephart was born in the city of 
Cumberland, Md., on the 7th of Dec, 1872, 
and his boyhood days were passed in Lancas- 
ter, Pa., where he secured his early education 
in the public schools, having attended the high 
school and also the Yeates Institute, in that 
city, and having been graduated in Weidler's 
Business College, at Lancaster, Pa., as a mem- 
ber of the class of 1889. His first practical 
business experience was in connection with a 
clerkship in the wholesale coffee house of Paul 
Gerhart, of Lancaster, and in 1889 he came to 
York, as assistant in the local office of the 
Adams Express Company. He was later pro- 
moted to a clerkship in the office of the superin- 
tendent, and still later was made depot agent 
for the company, while in 1899 he became 
clerk in the city office, and on Dec. 9, 1901, he 
received gratifying official endorsement in be- 
ing promoted to the position of agent of the 
company for the city of York, an appointment 
which was justly conferred, as the incumbent 
has amply proved. Alert, genial, systematic 
and reliable, he handled the local service with 
marked ability arid is held in high regard by all 
who know him in either a business or social 
way. In March, 1906, he resigned his office as 
agent of Adams Express Company to accept an 
unsought position as secretary and treasurer of 
the ^Manufacturers" Associations of York, with 
offices at No. 15 West Market street. In his 
political proclivities Mr. Gephart is a stalwart 
Republican, and both he and his wife hold 
membership in St. Paul's Lutheran Church, 
while he is affiliated with the local council of 
the Royal Arcanum, of whach he has been 
treasurer from the time of its organization, in 

On Nov. 29. 1894, Mr. Gephart led to the 
hymeneal altar Miss Georgia Frey, daughter 
of the late George S. Frey, a well known and 
honored business man of York, where he was 
a contracting painter, and of this union has 
been born one son, John Richard. 

WILLIAM H. BOLL. While it is as the 
teller of the City Bank of York that William 
H. Boll is best known, he is also one of the 
strong financial and real estate men of the 

]\Ir. Boll was born in York, Jan. 5, 1875, 

son of Heni-y and jMary A. (Kahler) Boll, 
and spent his boyhood days in the city schools, 
also assisting his father in his shoe business. 
After his preliminary education in the public 
schools, ]\Ir. Boll took a course at Sadlers, 
Bryant & Stratton"s Business College at Balti- 
more, and at the age of fifteen years entered the 
employ of the City Bank of York, as a messen- 
ger, from which position he was promoted to 
general ledger bookkeeper, a position attained 
when he was sixteen years of age. In 1900 
he was promoted to the position of teller, and 
he has served in this capacity ever since. For 
a young man, Mr. Boll has made rapid strides 
in the direction of success, and all indications 
point to a bright and prosperous future for him. 

In 1900 Mr. Boll erected a handsome resi- 
dence at No. 152 Beaver street, where he made 
his home until April, 1904, when he erected 
a row of three flats, and made his home at No. 
307 South Cherry street. These properties 
are a credit, not only to the young man him- 
self, but to the city of York. In these 
transactions Mr. Boll was associated with his 
father-in-law. He has given considerable at- 
tention to his real estate transactions, when a 
boy investing his first money saved, $200, in a 
piece of property, and since that time has been 
more or less engaged in this line. 

Mr. Boll is a member of the B. P. O. Elks, 
York Lodge No. 213, a member of the Knights 
of Columbus, and a member of the Knights of 
St. Paul, of which he has served as secretary. 
He and his wife are members of St. ]\Iiary"s 
Catholic Church. 

On Oct. 25, 1900, i\Ir. Boll married ]\Iiss 
Magxialene M. Steckler, daughter of Anthony 
Steckler, a retired milk dealer of York. 

CHARLES E. SMITH, cashier of the 
Farmers and Merchants National Bank of 
Red Lion, has won his way through superior 
natural cjualifications and high attainments. 
Calm, clear judgment, the training of his 
mental endowments along congenial lines, and. 
withal, correct principles of living, have gained 
in a few years what may fail to be won in a 
lifetime of less systematic effort. 

Thje Smith family came orig-inally from 
Scotland. Jacob Smith, the first of whom there 
is record in this country, was probably born 
in Chester county, whence he removed to York 
countv. Farming and hamemaking consumed 



his active years. He married Catharine Hos- 
tetter, and became the father of four children : 
WiHiam, Christopher, Jacob and Mary (who 
married George Gable). 

William Smith, son of Jacob, Avas born in 
Chester county in 1812. His early life was 
spent in his native county, and after accom- 
panying his father to York county he became 
engaged in the various occupations of farm- 
ing, hame-making and weaving, chiefly in 
Windsor township. He married Rebecca 
Lebenight, and they had nine children, namely : 
Eliza ; Mary A. ; David, father of Charles E. ; 
Katherine, unmarried : William, who married 
Louise Haines, daughter of Charles Haines; 
Zacharias, who married IMary Meckes ; Ma- 
linda, the wife of Isaac Slenker, of Windsor- 
ville, and who died at the age of thirty years ; 
Moses, who married ]\Iary Goodling; and 
Amanda, wife of David Jacobs, of Windsor- 
ville. William Smith, the father, lived to the 
advanced age of eighty-eight years, when he 
passed away greatly respected b}' all who knew 

David Smith, son of William, was born in 
Windsor township, Dec. 1,3, 1842. He re- 
ceived the benefit of a common school educa- 
tion, and was early trained to farm work, con- 
tinuing at that occupation until he was seven- 
teen years of age, when he was apprenticed 
to learn the shoemaker's trade. After master- 
ing that vocation he located on a farm in Wind- 
sor township, but now makes his home in Red 
Lion, retired from active work. In February, 
1867, he was united in marriage with Miss 
Rebecca Neff, daughter of Levi and Mary 
(Flinchbaugh) Neff, farming people of York 
County. This union was blessed with the fol- 
lowing children: (i) Mary Jane, born Aug. 
18, 1868, married Harvej^ Ziegler, a cigar 
manufacturer of Red Lion, and they have had 
eigiit children: Efifie (deceased), Arthur, Lily 
(deceased), Pauline, Pansy. ^Martha. Reba and 
Susan. (2) Benjamin F., born Sept. 12, 1870, 
died at the age of twenty-three. (3) Charles 
E. is mentioned in full below. (4) Howard N. 
was born Oct. 13, 1875. (5) David C, born 
April 16, 1881, is living in New Jersey, where 
he is employed as a bookkeeper and steno- 
grapher. The wife and mother entered into 
rest March 30, 1885. 

Charles E. Smith was born in AA'indsor 
township, York county, Oct. -3. 1873. His 

preliminary education was received in the 
Freysville public schools, which he attended 
until he was seventeen years of age. After 
being a student at the York County Academy 
for a time he was engaged to teach the Cedar 
Hill school in Windsor township. After one 
term there he was installed as teacher of the 
Fairview school. He met with no little suc- 
cess as a teacher, and, being thorough himself 
and naturally in love with his work, he be- 
came a source of inspiration to those under 
him, and he was able to accomplish much of 
permanent good. He entered the Millersville 
State Normal School, and was graduated 
therefrom in the class of 1895. Following his 
graduation he became principal of the schools 
of Washington borough, Lancaster county, 
and then later was a teacher in the York Coun- 
ty Academ)-. The last named position he re- 
signed to become principal of the Red Lion 
schools, where he was retained for a period of 
seven years, during which time he had occasion 
to refuse the principalship of the Johnstown 
schools, which he was' earnestly urged to ac- 
cept. Not alone did he win a high reputation 
as a successful instructor and disciplinarian, 
but he gained the honest respect of all who 
came to know him. His profession as teacher 
was relinquished only when he was elected 
cashier of the Farmers and ^Merchants Na- 
tional Bank, at Red Lion — a position he has 
filled with signal ability ever since. 

On Aug. 16, 1902, Mr. Smith was married 
to Miss J. Irene Smith, daughter of R. T. and 
Elizabeth (Hermann) Smith, the former a 
cigar manufacturer of Red Lion. Mrs. Smith 
was born in Windsorville Jan. 27, 1881, and 
received a substantial education in the schools 
of Windsorville and Red Lion and at Lebanon 
Valley College. She is an accomplished mu- 
sician, and prior to her marriage was engaged 
as a music teacher. Both Mr. Smith and his 
wife are active in the work of the United 
Brethren Church, of which they are both mem- 
bers. In his political belief Mr. Smith is a 
Democrat, as was his father before him. 

tired business man of York, was born in Dills- 
burg, York county, JNIarch 16, 1828, son of 
Abraham Dehufl:". The father was born in 
York, Nov. 15, 179S. and received his educa- 
tion in the common schools of the town. By 



occupation he was a maker of watches and 
fobs, and continued to work in that specialty 
until his death in 1895, at the age of ninety-six. 
He married Miss Maria Lynch, who was born 
in Botetourt county, Va., and five children were 
born of this union : Henry K. was the eldest. 
Francis Marion, born March 24, 1830, died in 
1887, and is buried in Prospect Hill cemetery. 
Sarah Ann became Mrs. Conrad C. Leiben, 
and lives in Minneapolis. Annie E., living in 
York, is the w-idow of Dr. Frank Koch. 
George W. died in York in 1872, and is buried 
in the Prospect Hill cemetery. 

Henry K. Dehuff was given an ordinary 
public school education, and when eighteen 
years old made his first essay in business, be- 
ginning as a dry-goods merchant and continu- 
ing in that line until 1852. The following year 
he went to California, when he spent four years 
employed in government surveying and in min- 
ing. Returning to York in 1857, he entered 
into a lifelong partnership with his brother. 
For the first ten years they were engaged in 
the manufacture of agricultural implements, 
but in 1872 they turned their attention to the 
jewelry business. After the death of Francis 
M, Dehuff, in 1887, Henry K. continued to 
conduct the business until 1894, in that year 
retiring from active life. He has since lived 
quietly in York, respected and esteemed by all 
who know him. In his political sentiments Mr, 
Dehuff is a Democrat, 

JOHN HENRY BROUGH was born in 
Reading township, Adams Co,, Pa., Jan, 21, 
1855, As a boy he attended the common 
schools in said township and East Berlin, Pa,, 
and assisted in doing farm work; at the age 
of sixteen he taught school in the building 
where he began his school-boy days, and dur- 
ing the following three winters taught the; 
same school, continuing teaching for seven 
consecutive winters. In 1876 he entered the 
store of T, W, Belt, corner George and King 
streets, York, but a year later took a course 
of study in the Iron City Commercial College, 
of Pittsburg, Pa,, and in addition to his di- 
ploma was given a very flattering letter from 
Prof, J, C, Smith, principal and owner of 
said college. One extract from this letter 
reads : "He has shown himself while here to 
be unusually quick, accurate and reliable. Of 
the nearly twenty thousand students who have 

attended this institution I know of none pos- 
sessed of superior ability, or more deserving 
than him. 1 regard him in short as a young 
man of superior worth and rare capacity as a 
thorough practical accountant." 

In 1878 he located in Hanover, Pa., be- 
coming bookkeeper and clerk in the store of 
Grove & Carver, later Carver & Little. He 
continued in this position for twenty years. In 
1898 he relinquished the mercantile business, 
and established an Insurance, Brokerage and 
Real Estate Agency, which he still continues 
very successfully. During the same year he 
became the general manager of the Hanover 
Telephone Company, and continued as such 
for about three years, when largely through his 
influence, the stock of said company was sold 
at over one and three-fourth times its par 
value. In 1902 he was elected president and 
general manager of the Consumers' Water 
Company, of Hanover, Pa., also, in the same 
^•ear, president and general manager of the 
McSherrystown Water Company, To both 
these positions he has been re-elected each 
year since then. He is a director in the First 
National Bank of Hanover, Pa., and has been 
a member of its Finance committee for over 
six years. In politics he is a Republican, but 
always declined any political office. He also 
owns and manages three good farms near 
East Berlin, Pa., and is financially interested 
in several of the leading industries of the 
borough of Hanover. 

On Nov. 8, 1880, Mr. Brough married Ida 
M, Young, a most estimable lady, to whose de- 
votion to her husband and family may be at- 
tributed much of their success in life. She 
•is the oldest daughter of William Jacob 
Young, and Louisa Catharine (Eichelberger) 
Young, To this union were born three chil- 
dren : Charles Young Brough, who is a grad- 
uate of Cornell University, Ithaca, N, Y,, 
Class of 1904, Mechanical Engineering, and 
at present employed by J, S, Young & Co, ; 
Katie May Brough, a graduate of the \\'omans 
College of Baltimore, Md,, Class of 1905, and 
wdio in her Senior year was awarded a scholar- 
ship to the Marine Biological Laboratory, in 
Woods Holl, Mass.: and Myra Elizabeth 
Brough, a member of the Class of 1907, Wil- 
son College, Chamber sburg. Pa., at present at 
home. The family are members of St. Mark's 
Lutheran Church of Hanover, Pennsvlvania. 

, p^^ , /\L-r—6^--c. 



Paternal Ancestry. 
Hermanus Bruch, great-great-grandfather 
of our subject, landed in Philadelphia, Pa., 
Sept. 20, 1743, from the ship "Lydia," whose 
master was James Abercrombie, shipped from 
Rotterdam, last from Cowes, England, and 
was the first Bruch who landed in the Colonies. 
[This information is from I. D. Rupp's 20,000 
names of the first settlers]. From Prof. M. 
G. Brumbaugh's History of the German Bap- 
tist Church we learn that in 1770 Hermanus 
Bruch was a member of Upper Conewago Ger- 
man Baptist Congregation (Mummerts), 
which was established in 1741. On Jan. 6, 
1786, Hermanus Bruch bought from David 
Myers a farm near East Berlin, Pa., which 
is one of the three farms now owned by John 
Henry Brough, and for which he has a continu- 
ous chain of title from then until he became the 
owner. Hermanus Bruch died in 1796, leav- 
ing issue. One of his children was Jacob, 
who was the great-grandfather of John Henry 
Brough. Letters of Administration were 
granted May 24, 1796, to Peter Brough, eld- 
est son of Hermanus Bruch, and John Stauf- 
fer. The father spelled his name Bruch, 
the sou Brough. Peter Brough died Jan. 23, 
1823 ; the administrators of his estate were 
Michael Haines and John Miley. Jacob, the 
great-grandfather of John Henry Brough, 
spelled his name Brugh. 

Jacob Brugh was born July 5, 1752, and 
died Sept. 25, 1828, aged seventy-six years, 
two months and twenty days. He was mar- 
ried to Sophia Trimmer, who was born Feb. 
3, 1752, a daughter of Andrew Trimmer, who 
was a soldier in the Revolutionary war. She 
died May 8. 1835, aged eighty-three years, 
three months and five days, j'acob and his 
wife are buried in a graveyard located on the 
north bank of the Conewago, below Diehl's 
Mill, about three miles from East Berlin, Pa. 
About fifty people, mostly Trimmers and Dier- 
dorffs, are buried there. Jacob Brugh had six 
children: John, who was the grandfather of 
our subject; Catherine, who married Abra- 
ham Trostle; Lizzie, who married Isaac Bow- 
ers; Sallie. who married Jacob First; Andrew; 
and Polly, who married Christian Picking. 

John Brough, grandfather of John H., was 
born Feb. i^, 1784, and died April 21, 1848, 
aged sixty-four years, two months, • and six 
days. He married Hannah Bowers, who was 

born June 24, 1788, and died Oct. 20, 1854, 
aged sixty-six years, three months and twenty- 
six days. Both are buried at Mummerts Ger- 
man Baptist Meeting House near East Berlin, 
Pa. He was a farmer and besides for many 
years before railroads were built he drove a 
team from Philadelphia and Baltimore to 
Pittsburg and Wheeling, W. Va., hauling mer- 
chandise; he took great pride in having one 
of the best teams on the road. They had six 
children : ( i ) Abraham married Susanna Al- 
bert, a daughter of Rev. Mr. Albert, of the 
Lutheran Church. They had three children. 
Abraham is buried at Ground Oak Church, 
near Trostle's Mill. His widow survived him, 
but is now also deceased. (2) Sarah, the only 
daughter, was born Nov. 13, 1812, and died 
March 16, 1884, aged seventy-one years, four 
months, and three days. She is buried at Mum- 
mert's Meeting House, She married Peter 
Studebaker, ■ who was of the family that now 
manufacture the "Studebaker Wagons," after 
his death marrying Philip Brechbill, of Boil- 
ing Springs, Cumberland Co., Pa. She never 
had any children. (3) Emanuel, born Jan. 
27, 1814, married Caroline Shultz, who bore 
him ten children, six of whom died young. 
The other four still live and are : Andrew, of 
near Bendersville ; Edward, of Biglerville; 
Mary, who married Abraham Deitrich, of 
York Springs ; and Hannah, who married 
James Leer, of near Clear Spring, York Co., 
Pa. ; each of these four children has children. 
After the death of Emanuel's first wife he mar- 
ried Mrs. Catherine Mumper, who was a widow 
and a sister of his first wife. She still lives 
in Gettysburg, Pa. Emanuel died Feb. 23, 
1879, and is buried at the Latimore Meeting 
House. He was a farmer, but for a number 
of years before his death lived retired in York 
Springs. (4) Jacob was born Sept. 10, 18 15. 
He married Leah Eliker, and they had eight 
children, one of whom died young, the others 
growing up and marrying ; Peter, William and 
Levi are farmers and live near Latimore P. 
O.. Adams Co., Pa. Jacob and Susan are de- 
ceased. Kate and Sarah are widows, each 
having children living. Jacob was a farmer 
and died Oct. 7, 1873. while actively engaged 
in farming. He is buried at Latimore ^Meeting 

(s) Andrew Brough. father of John Henrv 
was born near East Berlin, Pa., Dec. 18, 1817, 


and was reared on his father's farm. On Jan. 
1 6, 1845, he married Eve Harbold, who died 
June 20, 1846, and is buried at Latimore Meet- 
ing House. To this union one daughter, Sarah 
was born Oct. 11, 1845. She married Jacob 
Leas, and died Oct. 26, 1900, leaving one 
daughter, Kate, who is married to S. Ambrose 
Trostle, and has four children. On Jan. 17, 
1850, Andrew Brough married Catharine 
Agnes Arnold- (mother of John Henry 
Brough), who was born Feb. i, 1826, and is 
now living on the corner of Baer avenue and 
INIiddle street, Hanover, Pa.,, enjoying good 
health, and retaining in a wonderful measure 
her mental faculties. She reads very much 
and retains well what she has read, rememb- 
ering things that happened during any part of 
her long and useful life. She is a consistent 
member of the German Baptist Church and 
loves to attend preaching services. She is, 
and for many years has been, a Bible student, 
and can c[uote from memory passage after pas- 
sage from the Scriptures, and endeavors to 
live an exemplary Christian life. To this union 
were born two children : John Henry, born 
Jan. 21, 1 85 5, and Catherine Alice, born Oct. 
23, 1857. The latter died June 26, 1890, 
aged thirty-two years, eight months and three 
days. She was a noble girl, beloved and ad- 
mired by a very large circle of acquaintances. 
She was a member of the jNIethodist Episcopal 
Church, of Hanover, Pa., and is buried at Mum- 
merts Meeting House. 

Andrew Brough died Oct. 26, 1898, aged 
eighty years, ten months and eight days. He 
retained his mental faculties until the last mo- 
ment of his life, was conscious until the last 
breath, and died very peacefully. He was a 
member of the German Baptist Church and is 
buried at Mummerts Meeting House. He 
was a man of noble qualities, was as honest as 
steel, and his word was as good as a bond. By 
carefully managing his farms he acquired con- 
siderable of an estate, for many years being 
actively engaged in farming, but during the 
last twenty years of his life he lived retired in 
the borough of East Berlin, Pennsylvania. 

(6) John Brough, the youngest of the fam- 
ily of John and Hannah (Bowers) Brough, 
was born Oct. 5, 1830, near East Berlin, Pa. 
After the death of his father he became the 
owner of the farm where he was born, about 
1865 erecting buildings on one part of the 

farm, and remained there until his death, which 
occurred Oct. 26, 1902, he dying very sud- 
dently. He retired in his usual health, but 
about midnight his wife discovered he was 
dead. He is buried at Mummerts Meeting 
House, having been a member of the German 
Baptist Church, and for many years a min- 
ister in said church. He was married to Sus- 
anna Gochnauer, who was living at the home 
where he died at the time of her death, in 
1905, when she was laid to rest beside her 
husband. They had five children : Emma 
died young. Sarah married Franklin Eisen- 
hart, a miller and they had nine children : 
Sarah died Jan. 26, 1892, and is buried at 
Holtz-Schwamm Church, about three miles 
from East Berlin; she was a member of the 
German Reformed Church. Mary married 
Benjamin Malaun Miller, who has for many 
years been a justice of the peace and is success- 
fully engaged in farming and lime burning; 
they have three children. Lizzie married 
Michael Burgard, an extensive and successful 
farmer, and they have five children. William 
E. married Kate Baugher, and they have two 
children ; he lives where his father died and is 
engaged in farming. 

Maternal Ancestry. 

Abraham Arnold, great-grandfather of 
John Henry Brough, was born Oct. 5, 1761, 
and died Oct. 25, 1827, aged sixty-six years, 
twenty days. He was married to Catherine 
Close, who when she died was aged sixty- 
eight years, five months and nineteen days, 
both being buried at Mummerts INIeeting 
House. (John W. Garret, former president 
of the Baltimore & Ohio Railway Company, 
was a brother-in-law.) They had four chil- 
drden, Jacob, Abraham, Catharine and Eliza- 

Jacob Arnold, grandfather of John Henry 
Brough, was born June 16, 1791. He mar- 
ried Nancy Kauffman, a daughter of Henry 
Kauffman, and a twin sister of Rev. Andrew 
Dierdorff (who was the father of Rev. Daniel 
Dierdorf¥, of Franklin Grove, 111.), also a sis- 
ter of the wife of Rev. Daniel Trimmer, father 
of D. K. Trimmer, Esq., of York, Pa. She 
was born Jan. 12, 1802, and died Feb. 21, 
1848, aged forty-six years, one month and 
nine days. She was one of the most useful 
women of her time, was a devout Christian, 
and beloved bv e^■erv one who knew her. She 



is buried at Mummerts Meeting House. They 
had two children, Nancy, born March 17, 
1823, and Catharine Agnes (mother of J. H. 
Brough), born Feb. i, 1826. Nancy married 
Jacob LeFevre, and they had two . children, 
Jacob and Henrietta, both of whom are living 
in Ohio. Nancy died Sept. 24, 1853, and is 
buried at Mummerts Meeting House. Jacob 
Arnold (grandfather of J. H. Brough) died 
Sept. 18, 1864, aged seventy-three years, 
three months and two days, from the effects 
of a paralytic stroke received the day before. 
He was a noble Christian man, unusually well 
versed in the Scriptures, a member of the Ger- 
man Baptist Church, and he was highly es- 
teemed by all who knew him. During most 
of his life he was engaged in farming, mer- 
cantile pursuits, and manufacturing blankets 
and woolens. He is buried at ^Mummerts 
Meeting House. 

Abraham Arnold was born March 29, 
1797. He was married to Anna Baker, and 
they had three children. He died in Hanover, 
Pa., July II, 1878, aged eighty-one years, 
three months, and twelve days. He was a car- 
penter, a good mechanic, and a very jovial 
man. He is buried at Mummerts ^Meeting 
House; his wife Anna died March 22, 1882, 
aged sixty-seven years, eleven months and 
seventeen days, and is biu"ied at Mummerts 
Meeting House. 

Catharine, sister of Jacob Arnold, married 
Joseph Grove. They had four children, one 
of whom died young. The others were : 
Nancy married John Nicholas Kimmel and for 
many years lived near Wadesville, Va. They 
had two children, Andrew Jackson and Abra- 
ham, both married and living in Virginia. 
John Nicholas Kimmel and his wife Nancy are 
deceased. Barbara, who married Peter Shaf- 
fer, of Dillsburg. had several children, one of 
her daughters being married to INIichael Ben- 
der, a prominent business man of Dillsburg. 
Abraham, of York Springs, married Mrs. 
Mollie Leatshaw, a widow, who was the 
daughter of Jacob Shaffer, of York Springs, 
and has one son. 

Elizabeth, sister of Jacob Arnold, married 
John Grove, and had seven children : Frances, 
Adam, Abraham, Samuel, John, Catharine and 

Ancestry of Ida M. Young Brough. 

Ida M. Young, wife of John H. Brough, 
was born May 6, 1861, and is a descendant pa- 

ternally and maternally of Philip h'rederick 
Eichelberger, the emigrant and head of the 
Eichell^erger family in America, he being her 
great-great-great-grandfather and born in 
Germany April 17, 1693. On Nov. 11, 1714, 
he married Anna Barbara Dorness, and they 
had five children, John Martin, Anna Mar- 
garetta, John Frederick, Margaret Barbara, 
Anna Barbara or Elizabeth. By his second 
marriage, in March, 1736, to Mary [Magda- 
lene , he had four children, Adam, born 

May 12, 1739 (who is the maternal great-great- 
grandfather), Jacob, born Sept. 26, 1746 
(who is the paternal great-great-grandfather), 
Leonard, born Aug. 12, 1750, and Lewis, 
born in 1752. Philip Frederick died Sept. 19, 

Adam Eichelberger, commonly called 
"Capt. Adam," married Magdalene ISechtel in 
1 76 1, and died Dec. 9, 1787. "He was a 
stout, lusty man, over six feet in height, 
weighed over two hundred pounds, had light 
hair and eyes, and was noted for his great 
'dndness of heart and genial temperament." 
Soon after his marriage his father gave over 
to him the "Home Place" (later known as the 
Charles Eichelberger farm along the York 
road). [Magdalene, his wife, died Dec. 30, 
1821. They had eight children: Frederick, 
born Aug. 10, 1763; Alichael (maternal great- 
grandfather), May 17, 1765; Samuel, Jan. 5, 
1769; Elizabeth, Dec. 11, 1770: Adam, Jr., 
Nov. 26, 1771 : Susannah, Aug. 14. 1778 
(died Sept. 21, 1804) ; Joseph, Jan. 15, 1781; 
and Salome. Aug. 11, 1783. 

Michael Eichelberger. the second son of 
Capt. Adam, was a rather delicate child and 
man. To him his father left the 'home farm. 
While quite young he married Catharine Smy- 
ser. and they had five children; Adam, born 
Oct. 24, 1791; Polly, January, 1793: Eliza- 
beth, April 10, 1795; Michael, Oct. "2, 1797; 
and George, Feb. 22, 1800 (who was the ma- 
ternal grandfather). George was a babe in 
arms when his father died. The widow man- 
aged well until Adam grew to manhood, at 
the age of twenty-one applying to court and 
obtaining an order to buy the place for Si 1,934. 
This Adam, known as Sheriff Adam, was a 
tall, strong man, almost physical perfection, 
so finely proportioned that unless one stood 
beside him he did not seem to be so large a 

George Eichelberger. who as a]read\- stated 


was a babe in arms when his father died, grew 
up on the home place, which had belonged to 
■ his great-grandfather, and when he became of 
age he bought it. On Jan. i8, 1822, he mar- 
ried Sarah Diehl, who was born Aug. 23, 
1804. They had eight children : Martin, born 
March 25, 1823; Anna Maria, born May 5, 
1825, died Aug. 29, 1842; Michael D., born 
March 20, 1827, died May 14, 1863; George 
W., born Nov. 17, 1829, died Feb. 28, 1838; 
Franklin, born March 10, 1832; Charles F., 
born July 2, 1834, died April 6, 1900; Sarah, 
born April 12, 1838, died in 1842; and Louisa 
Catharine, born July 4, 1842, who married 
William J. Young, and is the mother of Ida 
M. Young Brough. When George's son Mich- 
ael became of an age to take the farm George 
moved to Hanover, where he resided for some 
years prior to the death of his esteemed wife, 
wdiich occurred Jan. 11, 1865. George was a 
prominent Democrat, for many years county 
commissioner. Four of his children died be- 
fore him. He died March 10, 1869. 

Jacob Eichelberger (the paternal great- 
great-grandfather of Ida M. Young), the 
second son of Philip Frederick and his second 
wife, was born on the "Farm" Sept. 26, 1746, 
but chose Hanover as his home. He was much 
interested in the cause of the Revolutionary 
war, gave largely of his means, and wrote and 
attended to business matters ccnnected with 
his town and surroundings. He married Anna 
Maria, oldest daughter of Capt. Casper Rein- 
acker, who served in the Revolutionary war 
with honor and credit. She was born March 
26, 1752, and died May 19, 1837. He died 
Aug. 14, 181 1. They had only one child, a 
son, Jacob, who was the great-grandfather of 
Ida M. Young. He acquired fine business 
qualities early in life. The father' and son set- 
tled up estates and carried on a great deal of 
business together. When the father died the 
son was fully equipped to take his place. Jacob 
Sr., was first buried in St. Matthew's Lutheran 
Church graveyard, of which he was a consist- 
ent member and part founder; afterward his 
remains were removed to Mt. Olivet cemetery, 
Hanover, Pa. He had carried on a farm and 
tavern as well, both of which the son took up- 
on the death of his father. Jacob, the son, 
was born April 24, 1775. He became quite 
prominent in the borough of Hanover for a 
great many years. When the village was in- 
corporated as a borough in 181 s the meetings 

necessary to the same were held in the house 
of Jacob Eichelberger. The tavern which he 
kept is now the "Central Hotel." He also be- 
came a merchant and in connection with all 
his other duties settled up many estates. He 
was the first president of the Maryland Line 
Turnpike Company, and was active in organ- 
izing che Hanover Saving Fund Society, of 
which he became president in 1835, and served 
as such with great acceptance for many years. 
He died Aug. 18, 1843. He was twice mar- 
ried, first to Elizabeth Nace, in 1796. They 
had four children : Louisa, born in December, 
1797, married George Trone, and died March 
4, 1872; Maria, born March 20, 1799, mar- 
ried Jacob Young, of Hanover (she was the 
grandmother of Ida M. Young) ; Eliza, born 
Aug. 20, 1800, married Michael Barnitz, and 
they had two children, a son Covington, and a 
daughter Elizabeth, who married Rev. Joseph 
A. Seiss, D. D., LL. D., of Philadelphia, a 
very noted divine, who died in June, 1904 
(Eliza died June 10, 1841) ; Susannah, the 
other daughter of Jacob, died young. Upon 
the death of his wife Elizabeth, Jacob married 
Maria, daughter of Christian Wirt, of Han- 
over, Pa. They had eight children : Matthew, 
Jacob, Henry, Catherine M., Abdiel W., Ru- 
fus A., Amanda and Amelia H. (these were 
half-sisters and brothers of Maria Eichelber- 
ger, who married Jacob Young, the grand- 
father of Ida M. Young Brough). [Informa- 
tion regarding Eichelbergers from Capt. A. 
W. Eichelberger's history.] 

Maria Eichelberger, second daughter of 
Jacob Eichelberger, and grand mother of Ida 
M. Brough, was born March 20, 1799, and 
died March 26, 1872. On Dec. 19, 1820, 
she married Jacob Young, of Hanover, Pa., 
who was a grandson of Charles and Elizabeth 
Young, who emigrated from Germany about 
the year 1750, and located on a small farm 
three miles southeast of Hanover, a short dis- 
tance from the Jefferson road. Here they spent 
the remainder of their lives and died in the 
year 1800. Their son, William Young, who 
was the father of Jacob, married Catharine 
Etzler, a daughter of George and Francina 
Etzler. They had three children : Jacob, 
George and William. Jacob was born Dec. 
4, 1795, and died June 8, 1875. He was a 
saddle-tree maker, and for a number of years 
after his marriage lived in Carlisle : later he 
bought a farm near Hanover, and moved 


thereon and continued fanning until 1856 
when he moved to Hanover and Hved retired 
for the balance of his life. For years he was 
a director in the Gettysburg National Bank 
and in the Hanover Saving Fund Society. 
When he retired from the directorate of the 
Hanover Saving Fund Society his son Henry 
A. was elected in his stead. Jacob and Maria 
Young had seven children: (i) Alexander, 
born March 27, 1824, married Rebecca Felty, 
June 20, 1848, and had four children; Rose 
Elizabeth, who married Levi Eckert, and they 
have one son, Paul; George W., who married 
Ella Weikert, and they have one daughter, 
Ada; Rebecca Jane, and Jacob H. Alexander 
died Nov. 16, 1873. (2) Anna Eliza, born 
Dec. 12, 1825, never married. (3) Edward 
Eichelberger Young, who was born Nov. 28, 
1827, married Elizabeth Alexander, on April 
18, 1854, and they had one son, Hugh, who is 
married and has children. (4) Maria Louisa, 
born Sept. 22, 1829, married Henry L.. 
Sprenkle, May 19, 1853, and they had two 
children, Hamilton Young Sprenkle, who mar- 
ried Anna George, and has four children, Ar- 
thur, Walter, Emma and Louise, and Mary J. 
Sprenkle, who married John Luther Long, a 
lawyer, and writer of several Japanese story 
books. (5) Henry A. Young was born May 
26, 1832, and died March 27, 1899. On Dec. 
17, 1857, he married Catharine Reiff, and .they 
had no children. She died April 13, 1889. 
After this he married Mrs. Elizabeth Mickley, 
a widow, and sister of his first wife. She still 
lives. (6) Cornelius Young was born May 
9, 1835, and Oct. 25, 1870, was married to 
Nancy Bechtel. They have one daughter, Al- 
verta, who is single. (7) William Jacob 
Young, the youngest child, was born June 14, 
1838, and he married Louisa Catharine Eich- 
elberger. Immediately after their marriage 
he commenced farming on his father's farm 
near Hanover. After several years he moved 
to Hanover and engaged in the horse and liv- 
ery business, in which he continued until 1872, 
when he engaged in the grain and feed busi- 
ness, which he is still continuing very success- 
fully. They have ten children : Ida M. mar- 
ried John Henry Brough. Sarah B. married 
George A. Klinefelter, a native of Hanover, 
now resides in Baltimore, and is engaged very 
extensively in the laundry business in Balti- 
more, Washington and Philadelphia; they 

have one daughter, Katie, and son George 
Young. Robert E., a resident of Omaha, ex- 
tensively engaged in the fruit commission busi- 
ness, is married to Nellie Morris, and they have 
one son William. Cora B., who is married to 
Dr. Horace M. Alleman, a prominent physi- 
cian, of Hanover, Pa., has one son, Winne- 
more. Gi'ace M. married Harry C. Naill, an 
active young business man, manager of the 
Naill Chair factory, and they have four chil- 
dren, Richard Young, Catherine Elizabeth, 
William and Mary. Anna Catharine married 
Frank H. Jenkins, a druggist and member of 
the firm of Emlet & Jenkins, and they have one 
son, Mitchell. Edward B. lives in Philadel- 
phia; he is connected with his brother-in-law, 
Mr. Klinefelter, in the laundry business, at 
present managing the Philadelphia plant. Car- 
rie A., Helen E. and Henry William live at 

REUBEN A. PAULES holds the position 
of secretary and treasurer of the York Wagon 
Gear Company. He was born Dec. 12, 1848, 
in Lower Windsor township, at a place now 
called Yorkana, son of Jacob and Julia (Kel- 
ler) Paules. 

John Michael Paules, the great-great- 
grandfather of Reuben A., was born in Ger- 
many in 1699, and his wife, Catherine, in 1705. 
They were married in 1723, and their first 
daughter, Christina, born in 1725, was received 
as a member of the Reformed Church in 1 739 ; 
AppaJona was born in 1731 : Magdalena, in 
1734; Maria, in 1736; Lawrence, born in 1743, 
settled in the State of Virginia, but all trace 
of his descendants is lost ; Henry located in the 
eastern part of Pennsylvania ; John Adam is- 
mentioned below. 

John Adam Paules was born in Germany in 
1740 and came to this country with his parents 
in 1742, settling in Lower Windsor township, 
at a place now called Margaretta Furnace, 
where his son, Adam, was born. 

Adam Paules was a farmer and justice of 
the peace: in 1859 became a York county com- 
missioner, serving as such until 1862, and then 
lived retired until his death, in 1867. He was 
buried at Canadochley church. He married 
Elizabeth Hartzler, born in Lower \\'indsor 
township, who died in 1858 and was buried at 
the same place as her husband. 

Jacob Paules, the father of Reuben A. 


Panics, was born in I\Iay, 1823, in Lower 
Windsor township, and there received a com- 
mon school education. After leaving school 
he learned the tanner's trade, and later farmed 
his father's property. His death occurred in 
1849, ^"d '^s ^'^"'^s buried at Canadochley 
church, Lower Windsor township. His wife 
w^as born May 6, 1827, in Lower Windsor 
township, the daughter of Peter and Salome 
(Will) Keller. 

Reuben A. Paules received a common-school 
education in Lower ^^^indsor township, where 
he remained until he was twenty years of age. 
He then attended the York County Academy 
for one term, after which he taught school for 
one year in Lower Windsor and North Codorus 
townships. ]\Ir. Paules then served a two 
years' apprenticeship to the carpenter's trade 
under his uncle, Peter W. Keller. Later he 
removed to Freeport, 111., where he remained 
but a short period, returning home to start a 
general store near ]\Iargaretta Furnace. This 
he operated for sixteen years also engaging 
in the manufacture of cigars. In 1895 Mr. 
Paules located in York, and purchased the in- 
terest of Peter AV. Keller in the York Wagon 
Gear Company, with which firm he now holds 
the position of secretary and treasurer. 

In 1873 ^^^'- Paules married Eliza J. Gil- 
bert, daughter of Joseph and Leah Gilbert, of 
Lower Windsor township, the former a farmer 
of that township. To this union have been 
born the following children: Jacob ]\Iark; 
Annie M. ; Robert N. ; Carrie M. ; Charles C. ; 
and Rufus, who died in infancy. 

Mr. Paules is a member of Heidelberg Re- 
formed Church of York, with which Mrs. 
Paules is also connected and which represents 
the family faith for many generations. Mr. 
Paules himself has been an elder and teacher 
in the SundaA^-school for many years. He has 
in his possession the family Bible of his ances- 
tors, which was brought to this country in 
1742, and which bears the date of 1670. The 
Bible is in perfect condition and is prized verv 

CLEMENT G. TRIMMER was born Oct. 
17, 1846, in Paradise township, York county, 
son of Jonas and Sarah (Grove) Trimmer, 
and grandson of Barnet Trimmer. 

Jonas Trimmer was born in Paradise town- 
ship, where he married Sarah Grove, daughter 

of Samuel Grove. Mr. Trimmer followed 
farming in his native township until the age 
of fifty-six, afterward living a retired life, until 
his death at the age of sixty-eight years. His 
wife died at the age of thirty-seven years, and 
they were both buried in Paradise township. 
The children born to this couple were as fol- 
lows : Maria, who died in infancy ; Clement 
G. ; George W., deceased; Joseph M., who died 
at the age of fourteen years; Alice, wife of 
Isaac Mummert, living in Paradise township; 
and Sarah Ellen, who died in infancy. 

Clement G. Trimmer attended the town- 
ship schools until the age of thirteen years, and 
assisted his father at farming until twenty-one 
years of age, when he went to clerking at Big 
Mount with John E. Zinn, with whom he re- 
mained two years. He then returned to farm- 
ing in Paradise township for five years, after 
which he spent three }-ears in West Alanchester 
township at farming". He then located in York, 
and engaged in the mercantile business, which 
he followed four years. In 1892 he embarked 
in the manufacturing business, making overalls 
and shirts, and built a fine up-to-date factory, 
two stories high, 22x60 feet, in which he em- 
ploys twenty hands. Mr. Trimmer sells his 
goods in York and Baltimore, where he always 
finds a ready market, his trade having in- 
creased greatly since its inception. 

In 1869 Mr. Trimmer was united in mar- 
riage with Emma Elizabeth Zinn, daughter of 
Jacob R. and Elizabeth (Emig) Zinn, and 
these children have been born to this union : 
William H., residing at home; Sarah Eliza- 
beth, wife of George K. Pfaltzgraff, of York: 
Flora M's.j, who was the wife of Charles 
R. Holinger, and died in 1902; Jonas R., an 
electrician, a member of the firm of John E. 
Graybill & Co., of York'; Martha Emma, at 
home; Alice Katie^, who died in infancy; and 
Clarence E., at home. PoliticaUy Mr. Trim- 
mer is a Republican. He is a member of the 
German Baptist Church, in which he has al- 
ways taken an active interest. 

During the Rebel invasion during the Civil 
war Mr. Trimmer, with eighteen of his neigh- 
bors, left home with forty-five horses, for Lan- 
caster county, but they could not cross the Sus- 
quehanna River, so turned into the River 
mountains, remaining- one week. Thinking the 
danger over they started for home, but when 
within five miles from their destination thev 



were captured by Stuart's Cavalry, with all 
their horses, taken along fifteen miles farther 
and set at liberty, being obliged, however, to 
leave the horses. 

most remarkable record, as soldier and 
prisoner of war, of any man in York county. 
He belongs to an old York family, his grand- 
father, John, having owned an extensive tan- 
nery in York ; and his father, Jacob Welsh, 
who died at the age of seventy-three years, 
having been a well known tobacconist. ]Mr. 
\\'elsh"s mother was Eliza Schall, and she was 
the mother of children as follows : John R., 
who died at the age of thirty-eight years ; 
Elizabeth, wife of Artemus Wilhelm, of 
Shrewsbury, York county; Margaret, wife of 
John Mitzel, of York; Annie, wife of William 
Kauffman, of York; Vinton R., a tobacconist, 
of York ; Martha, wife of Henry Steininger,of 
York ; Jacob, a clerk of York ; C. Spangler, of 
York; Franklin B., a member of the city police 
force of York; Samuel and Penrose, cigar- 
makers of York ; Oscar, a druggist of Newark, 
N. J. ; and William H. H., whose name heads 
this article. 

William H. H. Welsh was born in York, 
Nov. 21, 1841, was educated in its public 
schools, and learned cigarmaking in his 
father's shop. At fifteen years of age he com- 
menced work as a carpenter, remaining thus 
employed one year, and then (in 1857) enlist- 
ing in the 2nd Dragoons, U. S. A. .serving thus 
one year. Mr. Welsh was only sixteen years 
old when he enlisted and was sent with his 
company to L'tah to fight Brigham Young, but 
the Mormon leader yielded to the forces that 
confronted him, and the trouble passed with- 
out bloodshed. At the end of his term of 
service Mr. Welsh returned to York, but, at 
the first call for troops in the war of the Re- 
bellion, enlisted, and became orderly sergeant 
in the Shawnee Guards, under Captain Welsh. 
He was discharged at the expiration of his 
three-months' term, and on Sept. 11, 1861, en- 
listed as third sergeant in Company D, 87th 
P. V. I. His first promotion was in the spring 
of 1863, when he was made 2nd lieutenant. He 
was captured by the Rebels at the battle of 
Winchester, June 15, 1863, and was promoted 
to the position of ist lieutenant while a prisoner 
of war, having been a prisoner from 1863 to 

1865. He was placed in the Libby dungeon 
for six weeks for attempting to escape. When 
liberated he was so weak he could scarcely 
walk, crawling upstairs on his hands and knees. 
He could take handfuls of mold from his 
beard, and had had no meat for seventeen days. 
There was 1,800 prisoners in Libby at the time 
Colonel Welsh was there, and, after he had 
gained some strength, he and ten other pris- 
oners gave an entertainment. JNIany of them 
had instiiiments and knew how to play them, 
and, after fitting up a stage, spent $1,500 in 
Confederate money for the printing of the 
programs, one of which Colonel \\^elsh has in 
his possession at the present time. After 
spending eleven months in Libby prison. 
Colonel Welsh was sent to Danville, then to 
^lacon, Ga., and next to Charleston, S. C, 
where 500 Union prisoners were placed under 
the fire of the Federal guns. After some other 
changes in his imprisonment. Colonel \\'elsh 
was sent, with others, to Columbia, S. C, 
where the Union prisoners were compelled to 
live on corn-meal and molasses. On Nov. 9, 
1864, Colonel Welsh escaped, with eight 
others, and were followed by bloodhounds. 
They divided into two parties, five in one and 
four in the other. Colonel Welsh had in his 
party, Captain Skelton, Captain Wilson, of 
Ohio, and Captain Dusenberry. of Newark. N. 
J. They succeeded in getting to Transylvania 
county, N. C, surrounded by Rebels at almost 
every point of the route, but they managed to 
e^-ade their enemies, and built a little log cabin, 
in which they lived for four weeks, during 
which time they became acquainted with seven- 
teen deserters from the Confederate army. 
This made a party of twenty-one men, and. 
all of them being armed, they started on their 
perilous march from Ducktown, Tenn. After 
marching for three days and three nights, they 
Mere attacked by 100 Rebel cavalrymen, but 
Colonel Welsh, Captain Dusenberry and one of 
the Confederate deserters escaped. They trav- 
eled three days without food, then, encounter- 
ing the Notley river, crossed a bridge and were 
compelled by hunger to approach a house for 
food. There they found a man named Brown, 
and after considerable talk, disclosed their 
identity. Brown gave them a good supper, 
kept them all night, and directed them on an 
underground railroad to a man named Bussey, 
who had sons in the Union arm}'. It was foggy 



at eight o'clock in the morning, but toward 
noon the mist cleared, and they came to a road, 
fohowing which they reached a house, where 
they received directions, traveling until four 
o'clock in the afternoon, when they were sur- 
prised by a squad of Rebel cavalry and re- 
captured. They were taken back eleven miles 
and recrossed the river, but the next morning 
they again escaped and succeeded in again 
reaching their friend Brown's, where they re- 
ceived new directions, and for a second time 
found their way to Bussey's, the latter' s son 
being now at home. Through the friendly of- 
fices of the Busseys, the escaped prisoners were 
guided to Tennessee. During his imprison- 
ment, as well as during his weary marches by 
dav and night. Colonel Welsh and his comrade 
lived largely on raw pumpkins and raw corn, 
being two months and nineteen days in es- 

Colonel Welsh was honorably discharged 
at Washington, D. C, and his first employment 
after the war was in the building of Chambers- 
burg, Pa. This work having been finished. 
Colonel Welsh returned to York, where he be- 
came a letter carrier under the penny-delivery 
system, and then a carrier in the service now 
in vogue, remaining in that capacity until 
President Cleveland's administration. In 1888 
Colonel Welsh started the bottling business in 
Y^ork, and on March 18, 1904, added to that 
hue the wine and liquor trade, at No. 129 
North George street. 

William H. H. Welsh was married in 
October, 1865, to Emma A. Swartz, of Han- 
over, Y'ork county, daughter of Augustus 
Swartz. who had served in the Union army, 
and was the editor of the Hanover Citizen. 
Mr. and Mrs. Welsh have had one daughter 
born to them — Ida E., the wife of Charles F. 
Welsh, who is a partner with Colonel Welsh 
in the wine and liquor business. To the latter 
couple has been born one child — Eugene S. 

Colonel Welsh belongs to the B. P. O. 
Elks. In politics he is a Republican. He has 
little time, however, for politics or lodge af- 
fairs, and when not devoting himself to busi- 
ness, may be found in his commodious and ele- 
gant home on West Market street. One of the 
apartments in his dwelling, which he calls his 
"den," is an ideal place for contented retire- 
ment. Here his male friends may smoke and 
chat to their heart's content, and there is no 

cosier retreat in all Y^ork. Among the pictures 
in this apartment is a reproduction of the pen- 
drawing that Colonel Welsh made of the log 
cabin he built, which was occupied by himself 
and companions while escaping from the Rebel 
prison. A pleasant recollection of Colonel 
Welsh is that concerning Sam Tinsley, one of 
the Rebel deserters who joined his party when 
they were escaping. This man was with them 
when they were recaptured, and was ordered to 
be shot, but Colonel Welsh interceded for him, 
saved his life and brought him to Y'ork. This, 
however, was only one of many intensely in- 
teresting experiences in the capture and escape 
of Colonel Welsh, to give a full recital of 
which would in itself require a good sized vol- 

JOSEPH D. BROWN, for many years a 
coachmaker in York county, whose death Dec. 
31, 1903, caused deep regret among his many 
friends, was a native of East Berlin, Adams 
county, where he was born March 3, 1840. 

Jacob Brown, father of Joseph D., was a 
Dunkard preacher of considerable local re- 
nown. His week-day occupation was that of 
a saddler, and he worked faithfully at the 
duties laid upon him in both fields. His death 
was an untimely one, for he reached only the 
age of forty years, dying in 1852. He was 
buried in Mummei"t's Meeting House in 
Adams county. His wife's maiden name was ■ 
Leah King. 

Joseph D. Brown attended the school in 
East Berlin, and after finishing his education 
learned the coachmaking trade with his 
brother-in-law, at Dillsburg, York county. In 
1 87 1, shortly after his marriage, he settled in 
Dover borough, and established himself in the 
coachmaking business there, and for four years 
continued to make his home there. In 1885 
he moved to York, and resuming his former 
occupation successfully continued it for six 
years, finally retiring in 1891. Mr. Brown 
was prominent in other than business circles, 
as he was well known in politics, an active 
worker for the Democratic party, and had also 
been for thirty years a member of the Odd Fel- 
lows Lodge at York. At the time of his death 
Mr. Brown had reached the age of sixty-three 
years, nine months and twenty-eight days. He 
was married Dec. 4, 1870, to Miss Amanda 
Strayer, and they became the parents of five 



children, namel\' : Catherine, who died in in- 
fancy; Mary Louise, born in Dover, who mar- 
ried Augustus Bufilap, and lives in York; 
Edith who died in infancy; Sally, born in 
Dover, now Mrs. Charles Rittenhouse, of 
York; and Anna, born in Dover, now Mrs. 
Nevin Wagner, of York. 

Mrs. Amanda Brown was a daughter of 
Jacob and Sarah (Hamme) Strayer, the 
former of whom was a farmer in Dover town- 
ship, where he owned a tract of 160 acres. He 
was the founder of Strayer' s Church, and 
donated the ground where it is now situated. 
Late in life he moved into Dover borough, 
and there lived in retirement until he passed 
from this world Sept. 17, 1885. He was buried 
at Strayer's Church. His wife, whose maiden 
name was Sarah Hamme, was a native of York 
county, daughter of John and Mary Hamme. 
She died more than a year before her husband, 
April 10, 1884, and was buried in the family 
lot near Strayer's Church. Their children 
were: Amanda, Mrs. Brown; Theophilus, who 
died in 1898, and was buried at Strayer's 
Church ; Peter, a resident of Davidsburg, 
Dover township ; Mary Ann, Mrs. Jacob Stauf- 
fer, of Clear Spring, York county : Eliza, who 
died in 1883, ^"fl is buried near the other de- 
ceased members of the family ; Israel, of York 
county ; Sarah, living in Clear Spring ; George, 
of Dover; and Calvin, residing at Lewisburg. 

JOSEPH ELSESSER. who ior many 
years was prominently identified with the busi- 
ness interests of York, retired from active life 
in 1900, and on April 2, 1905, entered into rest 
in the seventy-third year of his age. 

Michael Elsesser, grandfather of Joseph, 
was a farmer in Germany, where he died at 
the age of eighty years, leaving these children : 
Conrad, Michael, Henry, John, Elizabeth, and 

Michael Elsesser, father of Joseph, was a 
shoemaker by trade, learning his occupation in 
Bavaria, Germany. He came to America in 
1841, landing at Baltimore, where he remained 
but a short time. He came to York county, 
where he followed his trade, and later came to 
York City, where he died at the age of eighty- 
three years and was buried in St. Mary's ceme- 
tery. He was twice married, first to Mary 
Flickenstine, who died leaving two children, 
Lawrence and Joseph. Mr. Elsesser's second 

marriage was to Margaret Elsesser, by whom 
he had these children : John, Adam, George, 
Rebecca, Mai7 Jane, and James. 

Joseph Elsesser was born in Bavaria, Ger- 
many, March 12, 1833, and first attended 
school in his native country, finishing his edu- 
cation in York county. He followed farming 
in Dover township, York county, until twenty- 
seven years of age, when he located in York 
and learned shoemaking, which he continued 
to follow until 1900, when he retired. In 1859 
he started in the shoe business near Center 
Square, in 1876 removing to No. 205 South 
George street,where he engaged in the harness- 
making business, which he carried on in con- 
junction with his shoemaking. His place of 
business at that location in York was well 
known. In 1887 he built the home he occupied 
at No. 636 East Prospect street, and also built 
the residence next to it. He was interested in 
real estate and put up a number of residences 
in the Twelfth ward, or East York. 

'Mr. Elsesser was united in marriage with 
Eva Kemmerer, who died Dec. 17, 1894, and 
was interred in St. Mary's cemetery. To Mr. 
and Mrs. Elsesser the following children were 
born: Mary, Michael, Louis, Kate, Erank, 
Lena (wife of Edward Beck), George. Mag- 
gie, Vincent, Joseph and Harry. Besides his 
children Mr. Elesser leaves to mourn his loss 
five brothers and two sisters : Lawrence, John 
and Adam, of York; James, of Philadelphia; 
George, of Baltimore; Mrs. Charles King, of 
York; and Sister Helena, in a Catholic con- 
vent in Tacoma, Washington. 

Politically Mr. Elsesser was a Democrat. 
In his religious connection he was a member of 
St. Mary's Catholic Church, of which he was 
one of the founders. He was one of the 
directors of the Keystone Building & Loan As- 
sociation. Throughout Mr. Elsesser's long and 
active career his affairs were conducted with 
the strictest honesty and fairness, and there 
was none who enjoyed the confidence and re- 
spect of his fellow citizens to a greater extent. 

owns and operates one of the finest drug stores 
in York, is a native of that city and was born 
March i, 1866, son of Frederick and Mary 
(Rabe) Westerhold. The father was born in 
1820, in Germany, and received his education 
in his native country, where he was reared to 



manhood. When twenty-one years of age he 
came to the United States, and, settHng in 
York. Pa., spent ten years in the milhng busi- 
ness in Spring- Garden township, with P. A. 
& S. Small He then engaged with the same 
firm to take charge of the iron department of 
their business, for twenty-three years, retiring 
a decade prior to his death, which occurred in 
his seventy-third year. He married Mary 
Rabe, both in Germany, who died in 1885 and 
was mterred, as was her husband, in Prospect 
Hill cemetery. They had children as follows: 
Sarah, born in York in 1864 and married to 
Frank Bierman; John Henry; and ten chil- 
dren who are deceased. 

John Henry Westerhold attended a private 
school in York for nine years and at the age 
of fourteen commenced to clerk for Dale & 
Hart, druggists (now Dale & Co.). In their 
employ Mr. Westerhold spent nineteen years, 
and, after receiving his certificate from the 
State Board of Examiners at Harrisburg, on 
Sept. 13, 1887, engaged in the drug business 
with George W. Sample, whose interest he 
purchased two years later. Since that time 
Mr. Westerhold has conducted the business 
alone, and has one of the finest establishments 
in his line in the city. His place of business 
is located at the corner of Beaver and Market 

In 1895 Mr. Westerhold was united in mar- 
riage with Ida Jane Patrick, daughter of John 
and Sarah (Mann) Patrick, of Lisbon, 
Howard Co., Md., farming people of that sec- 
tion. To this union have come two children: 
Olive Joy, born in York Oct. 9, 1900, and 
Frederick Henry, born in the same city Aug. 
29, 1902. Mr. Westerhold is a member of the 
Fraternal Order of Eagles at York. His re- 
ligious connection is with the Methodist Epis- 
copal Church, while in his political belief he 
is a Republican and has been a delegate to 
several county conventions. 

HENRY W. MILLER, a well-to-do re- 
tired citizen of York, was born Dec. 31, 1824, 
in Hanover, Germany, and is the son of Fred- 
erick and Elizabeth (Miller) Miller. The 
father was a native of Prussia, where he was 
a miller and shoemaker, locating in America 
in 1848, where he lived retired with his son, 
Henry W., until his death at the age of seventy- 
foui years. The mother was a native of Ger- 

many, and is interred with her husband in 
Prospect Hill cemetery. 

Mr. Miller attended school until fourteen 
years of age. In 1845 ^'^^ came to America' 
and located in York, being engaged by P. A. 
& S. Small, in whose employ he remained for 
forty-one years. In 1890 he left Mr. Small's 
employ and since that year has been living re- 
tired in York. In 1850 he married Mary Stall- 
man, daughter of Henry and Charlotte Stall- 
man, farming people of Spring Garden and to 
this union these children were born : Elizabeth, 
the wife of John Getz ; Amanda ; Frederick ; 
Mary, who was the wife of Herman Daehnke; 
and Lillie — all deceased and buried at Prospect 
Hill. The following' are residents of York : 
Henry, who married Annie Webel; Martha, 
the wife of George Herman ; and Annie, now 
Mrs. Charles Kunkel. 

Henrjr W. Miller is a member of St. John's 
Lutheran Church, in which work he has al- 
ways been active, and is highly respected in 
York for his many fine traits of character. 

ROBERT BOYD, alderman of the Twelfth 
ward, was born Dec. 4, 1846, in Wrightsville. 

John Boyd, grandfather of Robert, came 
from Ireland to America and settled in Oxford, 
Chester county, where his son, our subject's 
father, was born. In early* manhood Robert 
Boyd's father was a farmer, and removed to 
Wrightsville, York county, in 1836, where, 
with his brother Robert, he engaged in the 
lumber business until 1855, at the end of which 
time he purchased a large farm in Lower 
Chanceford township. He died in 1882, aged 
eighty-two years. His wife was Anna Cath- 
erine Shrader, who was born in Germany, 
daughter of Michael Shrader, who came to 
America and became a farmer in Pine Swamp, 
whence he removed to Ohio, where he met his 
death in a railroad accident. These children 
were born to the parents of Robert Boyd : John 
Calvin, who died in 1870, in his twenty-first 
year, meeting a tragic death by the caving in 
of a bank; Martin Luther, who died in 1881, 
in his twenty-eighth year; Dr. I. M., a practic- 
ing physician of York; James M., who is in 
the patent medicine business in York; and 

Robert Boyd received his education in the 
public schools of Lower Chanceford town- 
ship, and at Airville, under Prof. James Mur- 



ph)'. He first occupied himself at farming, 
then learned milling, and next conducted a pas- 
senger stage and mail route from New Hol- 
land to York, remaining at the latter for three 
years, at the end of which time, he was appoint- 
ed steward of the York County Almshouse, 
filling that position with great credit to himself 
for three years and three months, and was then 
elected alderman of the Twelfth ward of York 
for a period of five years, this election having 
taken place in 1903. 

Alderman Boyd was married Sept. 28, 
1865, to Martha Jane Robinson, daughter of 
Daniel Robinson, a farmer who formerly lived 
in Lancaster county. Twelve children were 
born to this union, one of whom died in in- 
fancy, and another, Nora May, died June 5, 
1892, aged five years. The survivors are : James 
F., a wealthy merchant of Maryland ; Isaac N., 
a storekeeper of York; John C, train inspector 
of the Northern Central Railroad, of York; 
Robert D., a baker of York; Jesse W., a sten- 
ographer at the Pennsylvania Railroad of- 
fice, in York; Annie C, wife of Dr. John B. 
Kain, of York; Maggie Jane, who married 
Israel Able, of the Merchants' Oil Company, 
of York; Elizabeth, the wife of Charles Koh- 
ler, in the Northern Central Railroad service. 
New York; and Bertha B. and Ida May, at 

Alderman Boyd belongs to the Odd Fel- 
lows; Good Will Fire Company, No. 5; the 
Firemen's Relief Association; and Camp , No. 
439, P. O. S. of A. He is an active member 
of the Duke Street Church, where he has been 
steward and trustee at various times. He is 
very prominent and influential in the Demo- 
cratic politics of the city and county of York, 
but is popular with the men of both parties. 

urer of the York Manufacturing Company, is 
a son of Mr. P. H. Glatfelter (mentioned else- 
where), president of the concern, and was 
born in Spring Grove, York county, April 27, 

William L. Glatfelter received his educa- 
tion in York County Academy, Pennsylvania 
College at Gettysburg and Eastman's Business 
College at Poughkeepsie, N. Y. After leav- 
ing the latter institution Mr. Glatfelter entered 
the office of the Spring Grove Paper Mills, of 
which his father was the founder, and in which 

the son, soon after leaving school, became a 
partner. The York Manufacturing Company, 
of which Mr. Glatfelter is treasurer, was or- 
ganized as it at present exists, Maixh 5, 1875. 
in 1887 Mr. Glatfelter became associated with 
this concern, his father having" become inter- 
ested in the business at the same time, the lat- 
ter having been the assignee of the old con- 
cern, which he purchased. After this pur- 
chase the business was conducted under the 
firm title of P. H. Glatfelter & Co., the son, 
our subject, being a partner, and the next move 
was to organize the York Manufacturing 
Company, Limited, and later incorporated 
with a capital of $400,000, which was after- 
ward increased to $1,500,000. The company 
employs one thousand skilled workmen, and 
they have the largest clerical force of any in- 
dustrial concern in York. Their products, of 
which ice and refrigerating plants are the lead- 
ing features, are shipped all over the world, 
and such is the demand for them that the 
works, although covering acres of ground and 
, equipped with the latest machinery of the cen- 
tury, are constantly taxed to their utmost 

William L. Glatfelter is secretary and 
treasurer of the P. H. Glatfelter Company of 
Spring Grove, Pa., manufacturers of book and 
lithograph papers. Mr. Glatfelter is also 
treasurer of the Carroll Manufacturing Com- 
pany of Baltimore, manufacturers of artificial 
ice; president of the Hanover Wire Cloth 
Company; president of the First National 
Bank of Spring Grove ; president of the board 
of school trustees of Spring Grove, to which 
office he was first elected in 1895, and was 
chief burgess of Spring Grove for a period of 
three years. In his religious views Mr. Glat- 
felter belongs to St. Paul's Lutheran Church 
of Spring Grove, in which he was a deacon for 
several years. Politically he is a stanch Re- 

William L. Glatfelter was married Sept. 
15, 1887, to Kathryn Rebecca Hollinger, 
daughter of George Hollinger, a prominent 
farmer living near Abbottstown. One son has 
been born to this union, Philip Hollinger. 
Mr. Glatfelter, although unostentatious in 
manner, has accomplished much for a man of 
his years, and has evidently inherited from 
his father that force of character which has 
made the latter one of the prominent men of 
the State. 



SYDNEY H. SOUTER is one of the able 
and popular representatives of the younger 
generation of leading business men in the city 
of Y'ork, where he is concerned in a line of 
industry with which the family name has long 
been identified, as president and general man- 
ager of the Monarch Silk Mill Co., one of the 
important industrial enterprises of Y'ork 

William Souter, grandfather of Sydney H., 
was born near the Scottish border in England, 
where he was reared and educated, and where 
he learned the silk manufacturing business. 
He came to America about 1865, and settled 
in Paterson, N. J., becoming one of the pioneer 
silk manufacturers of that State, and at the 
time of this writing, in January, 1906, he was 
residing in Paterson, well preserved in mind 
and body, though he had attained the patriar- 
chal age of ninety-two. 

William Souter, Jr., father of our subject, 
was born and reared in England, and his en- 
tire business career was one of prominent 
identification with the silk manufacturing in- 
dustry. At the time of his death he was vice- 
president and manager of an extensive silk 
manufacturing concern in Whitehall, N. Y. 
He was an authority in his line of business, 
having traveled extensively, making a special 
study of the methods of silk making in both 
China and Japan. He met his death in Oc- 
tober, 1900, as the result of an accident, being 
killed by a trolley car in Newark, N. J. He 
was only fifty-three years of age at the time of 
his demise. His widow, whose maiden name 
was Martha Anna Chanelley, and who died in 
1880, was born and reared in England, a 
daughter of Robert Chanelley, who was a 
prominent contractor. Of the ten children 
of \\'illiam Souter, Jr., and his wife, Annie 
died in infancy; Sydney H. is mentioned be- 
low; Robert William is superintendent of the 
Littlestown silk mill in Littlestown, Pa. ; 
Charles Harold is in the railroad service at 
Schenectady, N. Y". ; Clyde Douglass is a mem- 
ber of the class of 1907, Dartmouth College; 
Ada is the wife of Edward Sargent, a con- 
tractor of Newark, N. J.; Jessie, Elizabeth 
and Margie are all trained nurses, graduates 
of the training school of the Newark (N. J.) 
General Hospital; and Edna is attending 

Sydney H. Souter was born in Presbury, 

England, April i, 1869, but his eldest sister 
was born in America, the parents having emi- 
grated to this country in 1865, and having re- 
turned to England two years later, not be- 
coming permanent residents of the United 
States until 1879. Our subject secured his 
early education in the common schools of his 
native land, and after the coming of the fam- 
ily to America he became a student in Lati- 
mer's Business College, in Paterson, N. J., 
and later completed a course in the celebrated 
Bryant & Stratton Business College, Buffalo, 
N. Y. He began his active business career by 
securing a position in a silk mill in Paterson. 
N. J., where he was employed in 1881-82, af- 
ter which he attended school for one year at 
Northampton, Mass. He then secured a posi- 
tion in the silk mill in that city, where he re- 
mained employed for the ensuing nine years, 
at the expiration of which he returned to 
Paterson, where he continued to be identified 
with the same line of industry for one and one 
half years. He next passed a year in a silk 
mill at Pompton, N. J., and for the following 
three years was employed in the mill of which 
his father was manager and vice-president at 
Whitehall, N. Y. During the following two 
years he was again employed at Paterson, and 
he then removed to Catasauqua, Pa., where 
he had charge of the establishing, equipping 
and placing in operation of a silk mill, ably 
completing his work, after which he came to 
Y^ork, arriving in this city Sept. 6, 1900. ITere 
he became associated with Henrv :\Iusser, r.nt'' 
recently the president of the '^^lonarch Silk 
Co., which they forthwith organized, equip- 
ping a modern mill and instituting active oper- 
ations on Sept. 1 8th of the same vear, the date 
the company received its charter from the 
State. Employment is afforded to a corps of 
about six hundred persons, and the annual busi- 
ness has already reached an aggregate of a mil- 
lion and a quarter dollars, while there is a con- 
stantly increasing demand for the conipanv's 
goods in the markets of New Y'ork City. Phil- 
adelphia, Chicago, San Francisco and other 
commercial centers. As vice-president and 
general manager of the company jNIr. Souter 
showed great administrative and executive 
ability, while his intimate knowledge of the 
details of the business has largelv conserved 
the phenomenal but substantial growth of the 
enterprise. So well was this appreciated that 



on the resignation of President !Musser Mr. 
Souter was tiie unanimous choice of the direc- 
tors for president, while he will continue to act 
as manager. 

In his political proclivities Mr. Souter is 
a consistent and unswerving advocate of the 
principles of the Republican party, and his re- 
ligious faith is that of the Presbyterian 
Church, in which he has been a zealous worker 
for many years. Within the time of his resi- 
dence in Paterson, N. J., he was secretary of 
the board of trustees of the Madison Avenue 
Presbyterian Church, and both he and his wife 
are- now members of the First Presbyterian 
Church of York. Fraternally ]\Ir. Souter has 
attained degrees of high distinction in Free- 
masonry, in which he has passed the thirty- 
second degree of the Ancient Accepted Scot- 
tish Rite. His affiliations are as follows : 
Zeredatha Lodge, No. 451, F. & A. M. ; 
Howell Chapter, No. 199, R. A. M. ; Geth- 
semane Commandery, No. 75, Knights Tem- 
plar, all of York; while he is identified with 
the Consistory of the Scottish Rite and also 
the Temple of the Mystic Shrine, in Harris- 
burg. He is also identified with the I. O. O. 
F., the B. P. O. E. and the Lafayette Club, of 
York; and the WoU Club of New York City. 

On June 25, 1890, Mr. Souter w-as united 
in marriage to Miss Margaret Morton Mc- 
Leod, daughter of Alexander McLeod, a rep- 
resentative business man of Paterson, N. J. 
Of this union have been born two children, 
Sydney Herbert, Jr., and Martha Catherine. 

But the Monarch Silk Co. is not the only 
vast concern in which Mr. Souter is actively 
and prominently interested. He and Mr. 
Henry Musser successfully organized thfi Lit- 
tlestown Silk Co., which was organized at Lit- 
tlestown, Adams Co., Pa., on July 2, 1903. It 
was capitalized at $50,000, and, like the Mon- 
arch, it is running to its full capacity, the de- 
mands for its products keeping the mill in op- 
eration until midnight. Mr. Souter is vice- 
president and general manager of the Littles- 
town Company, paying the place a weekly 
visit; and, between this mill, the Monarch and 
the main office, at No. 27 Spring street, New 
York, which Mr. Souter also visits weekly, 
there is certainly no busier man in York, and 
yet so systematically does he work that he is 
ever ready to give courteous attention to those 
who call upon him. 

JONAS R. TRnniER, vice-president 
and secretary of the tirm of John E. Graybill 
& Co., of York, was born July 16, 1879, at 
Big ]\Iount, son of C. G. Trimmer, at that time 
a merchant, now a shirt manufacturer of York. 
Jonas Trimmer, the grandfather of Jonas R., 
was a prominent farmer of Big Mount, York 

C. G. Trimmer married Emma Elizabeth 
Zinn, whose father was also a prominent 
farmer of York county, and seven children 
were born to this union, namely : Flora died 
at the age of twenty-six years; Alice died in 
infancy; W. H. is employed with John E. 
Graybill & Co. ; Clarence is employed at the 
same place; Sallie married George Pfaltz- 
grafT, a cigar manufacturer of York; Martha 
resides at home; Jonas R. is the subject of this 

During the Rebel invasion of York county 
Mr. C. G. Trimmer had quite an experience, 
as he had left home with his father's horses 
for Lancaster county. After getting close to the 
Susquehanna river, however, it was reported 
that it was impossible to cross, so turning aside 
into the mountains they remained there for one 
week, and then set out for home. ^Vhc^ 
they had arrived within five miles from there 
Stuart's Confederate Cavalry pounced upon 
them and made Mr. Trimmer prisoner, to- 
gether with twenty-four others and forty-five 
head of horses. After traveling- a distance of 
twelve miles they were discharged, but were 
compelled to abandon their horses and walk 
home, arriving there the following morning, 
sadly the worse for the experience and minus 
a number of valuable horses. 

Jonas R. Trimmer received his education 
at the York high school and graduated from 
the commercial department in 1896. At that 
time he became a clerk in a store, at which 
work he continued for a period of one and one- 
half years, and then entered the firm of John 
E. Graybill & Co., electrical contractors and 
supply dealers, which firm was incorporated 
as a company in 1900, wath branch stores in 
Carlisle and Hanover. The company does an 
extensive business, installing electrical work all 
over the country, and their exhibit at the York 
County Fair of 1904 was the most notable 
electrical display ever seen at York. Mr. 
Trimmer, besides being vice-president of this 
firm, has other interests, being secretarv and 


tre-suier of the York Electrical and T^Iachine 
Company, of which his partner, Mr. Graybill, 
is president. 

]\Ir. Trimmer is a member of York Lodge, 
No. 213, B. P. O. Elks, and an officer of the 
Royal Fire Company. In religion he is a Ger- 
man Baptist. Mr. Trimmer votes the Republi- 
can ticket, but he has never aspired to public 
■office. Jonas R. Trimmer is one of the prom- 
ising young men of his section, and is quickly 
working his way to success. He has many 
warm friends in the community, and is justly 
regarded as a representative citizen of York. 

popular proprietor of the "Hotel Colonial," in 
York, is not a colonel "by courtesy." but won 
his title and his spurs in fighting Indians on the 
Pacific coast. 

Col. Campbell's ancestors, as the name 
indicates, came from Scotland. His grand- 
father, William Campbell, was a druggist, and 
his father, George Campbell, was a hotel- 
keeper on the Pacific coast. The latter mar- 
ried Hannah A. Clendening, a daughter of one 
of the famous "forty-niners," her father having 
been one of the earliest in the gold fields of 
California, where he became a mine owner. 

George C. Campbell was born Jan. i, 1857, 
at Oshkosh, Wis., and received his education 
in the Maine public schools, and the Maine 
College. His early manhood was spent in the 
far West, where he was frequently located 
three hundred miles from any railroad. There 
he fought the Coyotes and Shawnee Indians, 
and many and varied were his experiences. It 
was for gallantry in fighting the Indians that 
he was made a colonel. After his services were 
no longer needed in the Indian warfare Col. 
Campbell kept a hotel for two years on the 
Pacific Coast, and returning to the East lo- 
cated in Corry, Pa., where he owned and con- 
ducted the "Phoenix Hotel" for three years. 
He next became proprietor of the "Albemarle 
Hotel," at Pittsburg, managing it for two 
years, when the establishment was blown up by 
natural gas. After settling with the gas com- 
pany Col. Campbell left that section and lo- 
cated in Parkersburg, ^V. Va., where he drilled 
an oil well and became very successful. After 
spending seven years in that locality he sold 
his interests and removed to Charlotte, N. C, 
■Cvhere he kept the "Central Hotel," which was 

the leading hostelry of that section. He also 
built the "Seashore Hotel," on Frying Pan 
Shoals, the railroad company deeding the land 
to him for building the hotel. Selling his in- 
terests there. Col. Campbell removed to Wash- 
ington, D. C, where he still owns considerable 
property, and in the fall of 1898 located in 
York, becoming the proprietor of the "Colonial 
Hotel." Col. Campbell also owned and man- 
aged the beautiful "Cadillac Hotel," in New 
York City, which he sold in 1903. 

The Colonel belongs to the Masonic fra- 
ternity, having become a Knight Templar and 
Shriner in Charlotte, N. C, and he is also a 
prominent and popular member of the B. P. O. 

Henry S. and Mary (Geesey) Barshinger, was 
born in Dallastown, March 16, 1867. He came 
of reputable and sturdy stock of Swiss ances- 
try. The first of the family to come to America 
was Andreas Bersinger, a native of Switzer- 
land, who emigrated some time between 1727 
and 1735. Since then the name has under- 
gone a modification to its present form. The 
Doctor's grandfather, Henry Barshinger, was 
born near York, and was a farmer all his life. 
He was a Republican in politics and a Lutheran 
in religion. The grandmother was Susan 

Henry S. Barshinger was born near York, 
Oct. 31, 1840, and was educated in the com- 
mon schools. He engaged in the general mer- 
cantile business at Dallastown and afterward 
came to York, and opened a fire insurance and 
fertilizer agency. On November 8, 1862, he 
enrolled in the i66th P. V. I., and served until 
July 28, 1863, retiring with the rank of ser- 
geant. He was a Democrat in politics, and of 
the Lutheran faith in religion. Through the 
insurance business he became secretary of the 
Southern Mutual Fire Insurance Company. 
He died May 19, 1885, survived by a widow, 
his son and a daughter, Sallie A. On the ma- 
ternal side the Doctor is descended from an- 
other old and prominent York county family. 
His grandfather, Jonathan Geesey. was born 
near York, son of Jacob Geesey, a Revolution- 
ary soldier. He farmed all his active life, in 
later years retiring and living in Dallastown. 
He was a Democrat in politics, and a member 
and elder of the Lutheran Church. He died in 


1877, aged sixtj'-six. His wife. Sarah 
(Flinchbaugh) Geesey, survived him twenty 
years, dying in 1897, at the advanced age of 
eighty-seven years, three months and twenty- 
fi\-e days. 

Dr. Barshinger secured his early education 
in the public schools and his professional train- 
ing at the University of Pennsylvania. In 
preparation for his calling he attended Phillips 
Exeter Academy at Exeter, N. H., and Penn- 
sylvania College at Gettj'sburg. He was one 
of the most active students, becoming Presi- 
dent of his class, a member of the Phi Kappi 
Psi fraternity, a member of the baseball team 
and the leading athlete of the college. On 
field day he won the first prize, a gold medal, 
taking the following events : The hundred-yard 
dash, standing broad, running broad, standing 
high and running high jumps, the hop, step and 
jump, and putting the shot. In 1890 he en- 
tered the University of Pennsylvania, where he 
made a notable record as one of the oars of the 
'Varsity crew of '91. He graduated in 1893, 
and the same year began active practice at his 
home. The Doctor is a pleasant and agree- 
able gentleman to meet, takes more than the 
ordinary interest in his profession, and is alive 
to the topics and movements of the times. 
From 1896 to 1902 he served as physician to 
the York county jail and also to the county 
almshouse. He was appointed a member of 
the York Board of Health for the year 1897, 
and was chosen Health Officer of the city for 
the 3^ears 1898 and 1899. -^^ ^^ ^ member of 
the American Medical Association, American 
Electro-Therapeutic Association, Pennsylvania 
State and York County Medical Societies. 
The Doctor, like his people before him, is a 
member of the Lutheran Church and has served 
as deacon in Christ's Congregation. He was 
married Sept. 11, 1894, to Emmelyn Greacen, 
daughter of Stephen Bailey and Hesse (La 
Monde) Greacen, of Perth Amboy, N. J. Mr. 
Greacen is a naval engineer. 

Dr. and Mrs. Barshinger have one child, 
Henry Stephen, born April 10, 1897. They 
reside at No. 308 East Market street, and one 
of the most agreeable family circles in the city 
is that which gathers about the Barshinger 

WILLIAM F. SMITH has spent his whole 
life in York city, where he was born Dec. 29, 

1857, son oi Charles H. and Charlotte Smith, 
the former of whom was engaged in the lime 
business and died in May, 1902. 

Mr. Smith received a common school edu- 
cation in West ]\Ianchester township, where 
he remained until fifteen years of age, when 
he entered Professor Clark's school in York, 
where he continued for two terms. After 
leaving that institution he learned the wood 
turner's trade with Nathaniel Weigle, remain- 
ing with the latter four years. Mr. Smith then 
went to Baltimore, Md., working at his trade 
there two years, when he returned to York, 
entering the employ of Bilmyer & Small. In 
1 88 1 he married Annie M. Rabe, daughter of 
Henry and Sophia Rabe, both of whom were 
born in Germany. Mrs. Smith's father was 
engaged in the lime burning business in York 
until his death in 1867, and he was buried in 
Prospect Hill cemetery. Mrs. Rabe died in 
August, 1905. 

Mr. Smith has been a member of the Fire- 
men's Relief Association for nine years. From 
1884 to 1887 he w-as county assessor in West 
Manchester township, and from 1900 to 1904 
represented the Thirteenth ward in the select 
council of York. He has been a lifelong Dem- 
ocrat, and takes a great interest in the success 
of his party in this section. In his religious 
views he is connected with St. John's Evange- 
lical Lutheran Church of York. 

To Mr. and Mrs. Smith the following chil- 
dren have been born: Charles H., born July 
17, 1882; William E., born Dec. 17, 1883; 
Edward J., born Nov. 9, 1885, died Feb. 28, 
1892, and was buried at Prospect Hill ceme- 
tery; Walter T., born Nov. 13, 1S87; Bertha 
C, born Nov. 25, 1889; Norah M.. born March 
25, 1892; Mabel M., born July 27, 1894; Ar- 
thur F., born Nov. 9, 1896; Frank M., born 
June II, 1899: Horace J., born June 19, 1901, 
and Julia M., born Oct. 20, 1903. 

FITZ JAMES EVANS (deceased), for 
many years purchasing agent for the A. B. 
Farquhar Company, of York, and considered, 
in his time, one of the best buyers in York, 
died at his home May 27, 1898. ]\Ir. Evans 
was torn in York Oct. 31, 1859, son of Fitz 
James Evans. 

Fitz James Evans, Sr., came from Scot- 
land to America w-hen sixteen years of age. 
and located in Philadelphia, where he followed 


photography for a number of years. Coming 
to York, he engaged in business at the Square, 
as a member of the firm of Prince & Evans, 
and was later employed by *a mining syndicate 
in Mexico, where he died, being buried there. 
He married Anne Maria Boyer, of Parkers- 
burg, Md., and she died at the age of sixty-three 
years. Their children were: Fitz James, Jr., 
Claude, Arthur, Eugene (deceased), Jessie 
(deceased), and Vian. Fitz James Evans, 
Sr., was a vestryman in the Episcopal Church, 
taking an active interest in the work of that 

Fitz James Evans, Jr., attended the public 
schools of York, and then entered the employ 
of A. B. Farquhar, as office boy. By his 
energy and strict attention he won the approval 
of his employers, and he was steadily advanced 
to the position of general purchasing agent, 
Avith full charge of the office. In his death the 
firm lost an employee hard to replace, he be- 
ing one of the best and closest buyers in York. 
Mr. Evans was buried in Prospect Hill ceme- 
tery. He married Miss Lucy A. Palmer, a 
daughter of Phineas and Susan) (Lenhai't) 
Palmer, and a member of an old English fam- 
ily. Mrs. Evans survives, residing in one of 
the oldest and most historic houses in York, 
situated at No. 31 North Beaver street, and 
she holds a deed for the same dated 1763, 
from the Penns. Children as follows were 
born to Mr. and Mrs. Evans : Louisa P.. a 
graduate of the York high school ; Florence, 
who is attending school ; and Fitz James. 

In politics Mr. Evans was a Republican, 
and served as president of the school board of 
York, among the lasting- monuments to his 
name being the new high school building now 
erected on Potter's Field, for it was mainly 
through his efforts that the plat was secured to 
the city for that purpose. He was connected 
with the Episcopal Church, of which he was a 
valued and consistent member. He was high- 
ly respected for his many sterling qualities, 
and in his death the city of York lost an honor- 
able and upright citizen. 

horrors and devastation of war that swept Al- 
sace, the German Palatinate and the Rhenish 
Alps before and after 1689, as well as religious 
persecution by the militant Calvinists, caused 
the pietistic, non-combatant Mennonite ances- 
tors of Robert C. Bair to depart from Switzer- 

land and go into neutral Holland. How long 
they remained there before emigrating to 
America is not known, but a well preserved 
family tradition has it that they also lived a 
number of years in one of the colonies north 
of Pennsylvania, in all about thirty years, 
prior to their arrival with other German fam- 
ilies in the Province of Pennsylvania. 

The Swiss German families separated and 
scattered thus by a series of cruel circumstances 
had been carried during the period mentioned 
to Ireland and the West Indies, and deposited 
all along the American coast from Georgia, 
East and West Jersey to Acadia. By grace 
of the English Queen Anne thousands had also 
been brought to the country in and around 
London (1703), and after suffering three 
years unutterable hardships at that place were 
conveyed thence to territory along the Hud- 
son and Mohawk rivers. 

It is difficult to find the lost trails by which 
the early Bairs (they wrote the name Bar) 
came into Pennsylvania during the period be- 
tween 1703 and 1727. The names of the or- 
iginal heads of this Bair freundschaft migrat- 
ing 1 707- 1 709 into what, after 1729, became 
Lancaster county. Pa., were Henry, Jacob, 
John, Michael, Martin and Abraham. Of 
these either Henry or Jacob was the ancestor 
of the family branch here traced. The name 
Jacob runs through every generation of this 
branch. He most probably was the father of 
certain five sons and one daughter, who were 
born in Europe and came with their parents 
across the Atlantic, viz. : Samuel Bair of Co- 
calico township, Michael of Upper Leacock 
township, Henry of Earl township, Jacob of 
Earl township, John of Leacock township, and 
Barbara of Cocalico, who married a Bowman 
— all being- of Lancaster county, PennsylvaT 

Jacob Bair of Earl was Robert C. Bair's 
great-great-grandfather.. He early occupied 
lands in the rich Lancaster county valley 'twixt 
the Conestoga and Pequea creeks, near Mill 
Creek, in Leacock and Earl townships. The 
land on which his people first dwelt (six hun- 
dred acres where Mechanicsburg now stands) 
was not patented until June 9, 1741, and his 
homestead tract upon which he died was noti 
patented until July 2, 1765, although warrants! 
and surveys were had, respectively, in 1729 
and Feb. 28, 1734. 

The homestead tract, 1 52 acres, is situated 



o,. : -■, I;;,, :SYLVANIA 

,;,, itral Holland. How ii 

ai Uu; Squiac, '.e before emigrating 

' im-e ^ F.v=>n« : vn, but a well preser 

it that they also live 
one of the colonies n 

all about thirty ycc 
: with other German fa 
i:)!,'.' (.if Pennsylvania, 
ierman families separated am 
, a .series of cmel circumstanr- 
1 during the period mentio 
• \ Indies, and depo;: 
rican coast from Geoi': 
,asey,to Acadia. By g- 
)ueen Anne thousands had ;■. 
•v.> the country in and arr.-i 
u, and after suffering ti 
lie hardships at that place wt 
■■; to territory along the Huii 
vvk rivers. 

■ to find the lost trails by wl-. 
• ( they wrote the name E 
isylvania during the period 1 
1 1727. The names of the 
this Bair freundschaft mig: 
into what, after 1729, bee:,