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Kr/?/,ta sis del jid\'Xov 5) dycovKrixa els rd Trapa^prjfAa aKoveiv ^vyKCirai^ 


lornierly Principal of the Cornelius Institute, and now Professor of the Latin and Greek 
Languages and Literature in the Free Academy in New-York City 




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Entered, according to Act of Congress, in the year 1848 by 


l[n the Clerk'" '^65ce of the District Court of the Southern Distn \ of New 


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This edition of Thucydides is based on the text of L 
Dindorf's edition, Leipzig, 1824. Indeed, with the single 
exception of punctuation, which has been modified, as will 
be explained in the sequel, there has been no departure 
from Dindorf 's text, the readings which seemed to bo pre- 
ferable being referred to in the notes which accompany 
this edition. In preparing the notes, I have made free 
use of 1, Poppo's edition, xi. vols. Leipzig, 1821-1840. 
2, Goeller's, Leipzig, 1836. 3, Haack's, Leipzig, 1820. 4, 
Kriiger's, Berlin, 1846. 5, Bothers, Leipzig, 1848. 6, Di- 
dot's, Paris, 1833. 7, Bekker's, Oxford, 1821. 8, Arnold's, 
Oxford, 1840. 9, Bloomfield's, London, 1842. I have also 
derived much assistance from Betant's Lex. Thucyd. now 
in a course of publication. 

In the use of the editions beforo rue, I have aimed at 
a conscientious acknowledgment, of aH aid received from 
others. If, however, my own mind arrived independently at 
a given result, I did not deem it to be my duty to attribute 
it to others, even though a coincidence might afterwards 
have been found to exist between my own conclusions and 
those of other editors. Nothing has been received on the 
mere assertion of other scholars, however eminent they 
might be. Every difficulty has been subjected to a thorough 

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examination, and the opinions of others have been weighed 
and compared impartially, and honored as their intrinsic 
worth appeared to demand. 

The same plan has been pursued in the preparation of 
the notes, which I adopted in my previous pubhcations, 
and it is hoped that this volume will betray no marks of less 
care and attention, in the selection of words and passages 
requiring comment, or in the Jdnd and degree of assistance 
furnished to the student, than is manifest in those editions. 
To some it may appear at first sight that too much aid 
has been furnished the student. It will be seen upon exa- 
mination, however, that it has not been indiscriminately 
bestowed, but in a way which always leaves much for the 
student himself to do. It will also appear, that I have not 
proceeded on the plan of selecting a few chapters on which 
to give a full commentary, and of leaving the other portions 
comparatively untouched, but have aimed to bestow upon 
every chapter and every section throughout the whole text^ 
the amount of illustration which its difficulties seemed to 

The general observations on the orations and other 
portions of the history, together with the argument affixed 
to each chapter, I hope will be found of great service to 
the student. They have cost much labor, owing to the 
excessive brevity of style which characterizes Thucydidesj 
and which renders it extremely difficult to reduce his writ- 
ings to a much shorter compass than he has left them, and 
yet retain the leading ideas. 

In respect to the punctuation of the text it may be re-* 
m-arked, that at the instance of several eminent professorj^, 

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a more free use of punctuation-marks has been made than 
IS found to have been done in Dindorf's edition, although 
not to the degree in which they are found in the older edi- 
tions. In revising the punctuation of Dindorf, I have been 
guided mainly by my own sense of the wants of the text, 
although in many instances my views have been modified 
by the usage of other editors. 

The basis of grammatical reference is the grammar of 
E. A. Sophocles (new edition), and Kiihner's School Gram- 
mar published at Andover, 1844. References also have 
been freely made to the grammars of Crosby, Buttmann, 
Matthiae, Rost, Kriiger, and Jelf 's Kiihner (Oxford edition, 

The map prefixed to this edition, although of necessity 
reduced in size, is an exact reprint of Kiepert's Map of 
Greece at the beginning of the Peloponnesian war. It is 
unnecessary to inform scholars of the high estimation in 
which the maps of this geographer are held throughout the 
civihzed world. It would be desirable for each student to 
have in his possession a complete set of Kiepert's maps : 
but as this cannot be expected, the map accompanying this 
edition will be found to meet all his wants as far. as relates 
to Greece in the times of Thucydides, Xenophon, Plato, 
etc. For much that pertains to geographical and topogra- 
phical matters, I must acknowledge my indebtedness to 
Col. Leake's "Travels in Northern Greece and the Morea,*' 
and "Topography of Athens," books which Bloomfield justly 
says are indispensable to the student or reader of Thucy- 
dides, and of so masterly a character as fairly to entitle the 
writer to the appellation o^ the first geographer of our age. 

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X rilEFACtJ. 

1 take occasion again tp return my tnanks to tne classic 
ca] professors and teachers, for the favor with which they 
have received my previous pubhcations, and for the friendly 
interest which they have manifested in the present work. 
As soon as my avocations will permit, I intend, if my life and 
health are spared, to offer them another volume, containing 
the remaining text of Thucydides, brief annotations, and 
copious verbal, historical, and grammatical indices of the 
whole work. Meanwhile I commit to their kind regards 
this volume, with the hope that it will contribute somewhat 
to the cause of classical learning in this country, and serve 
to introduce to more general use the writings of the man, 
to whom by common consent has been given the appella- 

Cornelius Institute^ May 4:th, 1848, 

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S. stands for Sophocles' Greek Grammar. 


' Kiihner's " '■' 


Crosby's " " 


Matthi^'s " « 

Butt. ' 

' Buttmann's " « 


Krtiger's « « 


' Viger's Greek Idioms. 




' compare, consult. 

X. T. X, ' 

}ial Ttt kocTTct = etc.5 &c 

sc, ' 

' scilicet. 

The references to Kuhner are made to his School Grammar, translated 
by Messrs. Edwards and Taylor, Andover. Whenever Jelf 's edition of 
Kuhner is referred to, the name is fully given. The references to Butt" 
mann are made to his Larger Grammar, translated by Dr. Robinson. 

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O Y K Y A I J Y 

S T r r p A (h H I.. 

I. QOTKT/II/IHZ 'A&tjvaTog ^vvsyQuxps top noXsf^ov t^^ 
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aQ^dfiepog evdvg xadtaza^S'i^ov %ai ^Xnlcfag f4,8jav 7S saeGdai -ac/j, 
OL^ioXoyc^rarov toov nQoyeyevrn^iivcov, reKiAaiQOfxsvog on d'Aiidt^oviii 
ts rjaav ^g aviov dfxqjorsQOi TzaQaaasvij tij ndari to dXlo 'EXXrfPi- 
>iOP oQcov ^vpiaidfiBPOP nqog iaarsQCvg, to ^isv evdvg, to 8s xai 8ia- 
voovfASvov. 2. yJ.pTjGig yccQ avTti fieyiGT)] 8i] toig EXXfjatv lytvero 
y,ai IX8Q81 Tin tcov ^aQ^docov, cog 8c eiTzeiv, yuu btii TrXetatov avdqco- 
nmv, Ta ydo ttqo avtmv yai tiz hi ftaXaioisQa aaq)c^g ^8v svqhv 
did )[q6vov nXfjdog dSvt'ara 7]r ' «x 8s TeKfifjQioov wv tni fiaygoTatov 
(SKonovvTi [xoi TiKJTEvaai ^vfi^aiPEi, ov {xeydXa popii^m yepsad^iu oms 
^aTO. Tovg itoXsptovg ovts ig Ta dXXa. 

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oiKOVfjisvi], dXXa fieravaGraasig ts ovaai Ta ixQOTSQa yai QaSicog 
ey.a6T0i TTiP savTWp dnoXeinoPT^g ^la^ofiepoi vno tipoop dsl ttXsio- 
rodp. 2. T'fjg yaQ ifmoQiag ovk ova7]g ov8' InifxiypvPTsg dSeSg d} 
XriXoig ovTE jmrcc yrir ovts 8id daXdaarjg, ps^ofispoi ts Ta avrodp 
ixccGToi haov dTTO^ijp y.(ii nsQiovaiap '^Qfi^dicop ovx exopieg ov88 
yrjp cpvTEvoPTsg, d87]Xop op onots Tig insX&oop aai dTuiiGrmp d^a 
ovTow dXXog drpaiQ^osTaif Tiqg ts xaO" rjfiSQap dvayxaiov TQOcpiqg 
navTajipv dp rjyomspoi STTiKQaTsip, ov ^aXsTTOjg dnapi6rapro, nal 
8i^ avTo OVTS nsyid^si noXscxiP 'layiyop ovzs Ty dXXi] rtagaaxsvy. 
3. fidXicFTa 8s Tijg yijg tj dQiaTt] dsl Tag ixsTa^oXag toop oik?]t6qo}p 
sljep, n TS pvp 0s(76aXia xaXovftspr] aal BoicoTia TlsXoTTOPPijcfov ts 


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2 eoTKTJiJOT ZTrrPAdin^, 

ta TZoXXa ttXtjv '^gy^adiag T7]g ts ciJ.XTjg oaa riv TiQarKyra. 4. 8ia 
'^ciQ agarriv y?jg at ts dwdiuig tiai (.lei^ovg iypyj^ofispai ardasig 
svETTOLOvy, i^ cov £q)dsiQorro a^a vno dXlocpvXojv fxdXXor stzs^ 
^ovXevovTO. 5. Ti]r yovv ^Attva^v, in rov mi nXnorov dia to Xs- 
Tizoysmv aajaaiaorov ovaav, ar&QooTzoi o^kovv ol ainoi del. 6. na] 
TiaqadeiyfJia Tods rov Xoyov ovk iXd^iaroy san dta Tccg ^isroiHiag 
sg rd dXXa fit] biioicog av^rjdrivai. fjc yaQ rrig dXXtjg 'EXXddog ol 
TioXs^cp 7j ardcH syiTziTZtovzsg tzuq ^A&i]vaiovg ol dvvarooTaroL ag 
^^^aiov ov dvEXcoQOvr, xal noXixai yiyvofxsvoi evd^vg dno TtaXaiov 
[Asl^G) hi moiriaav TrXrjd^si dv&QcoTzoov trjv ttoXiv ' oacrzs jtotf ig 
^Jcoviay vGTBQOv cog ov^ IxavJjg omtjg itjg 'Azrr/Sjg dnoiyviag s^s- 
■neixxpccr. III. dtjXoi ds uoi 'Aoi rods tmv naXamv dad'svsiav ovy^ 
ijMora ' 71Q0 yccQ rav Tqohih^v ovdsr cpaivsrai ttqozsqov xoiirj igya- 
Ga^svt] rj ^EXXdg^ do'Au ds fioi, ov8s rovvofxa tovzo ^vfinaad ttos 
Bly^EV, dXXd id fxsv tzqo '^EXXijvog tov /levxaXioovog ndvv ov8& 
ehaiii EnUXriaig avrrj, ^Aard sOptj ds dXXa ts xal to IlsXaayrAOf 
STz] nXeiGtov dq) savrmv tt^v iTicovvfitav TiaQi-jeG&ai. 2. EXX7]t>ag 
ds HOI T^vnaldcov avzov iv rrj fPOtcondi la][VGdvTO0Vj xal STiayofis- 
ycov avTovg in mcpsXsia ig tag dXXag TzoXsig, y.aO^ sxdaiovg f.ih 
i^dfj ty biiiXm fjtdXXof y.aXslcd'at. 'EXX'i]vag, ov ^ivjoi tioXX-ov ys ^qo- 
vov 7]dvva70 }ia\ dnaaiv rAffA7]<yat. 3. reyi^irjQioT ds fidXiaTct ^ Ofii]- 
Qog • noXXm ydq vatSQOv 'in tSv Tqcoixoov ysv6f.isvog ov8a[iov 
rovg ^vfATiavzag cov6{A,aasv, ov^^ dXXovg tj zovg fiST ^AyiiXXsmg, sk 
TTJg fit&fcorid&g, oittsq xa). tzqootoi, EXXrjvsg 7](yaVj Aavaovg ds ir 
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^aQ^dgovg s'tQtjas did rb ^Tjds EXXijvdg Ttm, cog s^io] doxsTy dviinaXov 
slg sv orofim dnoxsxQiG&at. 5. ol d^ ovv cog sxaazoi EXXTjrsg 
xazd Ttoletg re, oGoi dXXrjXosv ^vvisaav xa) ^v^TTavTeg^vatSQov xXri- 
-^irtcg, ovdsv ttqo tiov Tqcoix^v di da&svstav xac ajAi^iav dX7.i]XG)'ff 
dOoooi srrQa^av. dXXd xcu 7avrr]v rqv GtQarsiav d-aXaGGi] rjdyj ttXsioq 
IQmfisvoi ^vvTJXdov. JV. Mipoog ydg naXairatog cof dxori iG^st 
ravtixov ixTyGecro, xai r'fjg vvv 'EXXijnxljg S'aXaGGTjg sm ttXsTgzop 
ixQdzTjGS • xal zoov KvxXddoov frJGoov i]q^s rs xai oixiGZTjg ttqcozoq 
T&v TiXsiGzcov syhszo, Kdgag i^sXaGag xai zovg savzov noudag 
rjytfiovag iyxataGzi^GCig. to zs X'Qazixofy wg sixog, xadiQQH ix ZTJg 
•daXdaarig icp ogov ridv^otzo^ zav tdg nqoGodovg ^dXXov h'vai avzcp 

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LIB. I. CAP. V. VI. S 

V. ol yaq '^EXltjvsg ro ndlai, aai roov ^aQ^UQcov ol re iv rri fjnsiQcp 
TiaQa&aldaaioi aal oaoi r/]aovg elxov, eTzetdr] iJQ^avro ^alXov 
TTSQaiova&ai vavaiv m dllrikovg, irQanovro TtQog hjareiaVf ijyov- 
usvcav dvdgoov ov rcov ddwaToDTdrmVy yJqbovg rov ocpsTBQOv avtwv 
stSKCi Kai xoig dad'evidi TQoq)'t]g ' aal nQoanintovr^g noXeaiv drei" 
XKJTOig 'Aatcc xcofiag oiy.ovixivaig rjQna^ov, yai rov TileTarov lov 
^iGv ivTSvdep irroiovfzo, ovk f/ovTog ttco alayvwiv jovrov rov sgyov^ 
q)8Qorrog ds ri y.a\ do^Tjg ftdXlov. 2. dtjXovai ds r&v rs tjtteiqoj- 
rmv riveg hi nac I'vv, oig yo^^og xaXoog rovzo dgdi'^ xat ol TiaXaioi 
rcov TToiijrwv, rag nvarsig rojv yiazaTzXsovrcov navra'iov byiomg 
SQcormvTBg si Xyarai Biaiv, wg ovts cop nwddvovrai dna'S,iovvron> 
to SQyov, olg t ijiifzeXsg sir] sldivai ovk ovsidi^ovrcov. 3. sXtjiXovto 
ds xai ^tzsiqov dXX)]Xovg. kou f^s^Qi rovds noXXk rrjg 'EXXddog 
r^ TzaXaiQ) rgoTzcp vs^xsrai nsqi rs Ao'AQovg rovg 'O^oXag koi AItco- 
Xovg Kai ^A}iaQtdvag yal rt]v ravrr^ i]7ZSiqov. ro rs OLd7]Qoq)OQSi(yd^ai 
rovroig roTg ijTisiQcoraig dno rtjg naXatdg Xriarsiag sfAfASf.iev7]ns. 

VI. TTGcaa yccQ ij 'EXXag S(jidr]ooq)6QSi did rag dq)Qdy.rovg rs ohri- 
aeig xal ovx daqjaXsig Ttaq dXXriXovg sqjodovg^ xal '^vviq^ri rrjv diai- 
rav fxsd^ ottXoov snoiriaavro, wdTtSQ at ^dq^aQOi, 2. (jrifisTop 5' 
iari ravra riqg 'EXXddog 'in ovtco vsfio^sva tcov nors yai ig navrag 
o^wmv diair7]fjidr(av. 3. iv roTg nqi^roi ds ^A&rjvaioi rov rs 
oidr]Qov :iars&svro ya\ avsifisvy rri diairy sg ro rQvq)SQwrsQov (asts- 
arriaap. Kai oi nQsa^vrsqoi avroig roov sidatf^wvcov dia ro a^Qodi- 
airov ov noXvg XQovog sns'idq yir&vdg rs Xivovg snavaavro cpoQovv- 
rsg^ }iai y^gvacov rsrriycav svsqgsi yQco^vXov dvadovfj^sroi rwv h I'xi 
ysq^aXfi rqiy^^v. dcp ov Ka\ 'Icovcov rovg nQSO^vrsQOvg yarn ro "^vy- 
ytvsg Ini noXv avrrj rj axsvi] xarsay^s. 4. fAsrQia 3 av saOrjTi yai 
L' 70V vvv rqonov TtQcoroi AaysdaiiAOvioi syqiqaavro, yai sg ra aXXa 
TtQog rovg TtoXXovg oi rd tASt^co ysyrTjfASvoi laodiairoi iidXiara yars- 
Grtjaav. 5. syvfAvcod^r^adv rs Trgaroi yai sg ro cpavsQov dnodvvrsg 
Una fisrd rov yvfivd^sa&ai TjXsixpavro. ro ds ndXai yai sv rm 
'OXvfXTTiay^ dyodvt dta^cofAara s^ovneg ttsqi ra aidoTa oi ad7.rirat 
Tiyaivit^ovro, yaV ov TioXXd srrj STZsidrj ndnavTai. sri ds yai sv roTg 
^ao^dpofg sariv olg vvv, yai ^xdhara roig A^mvoig, nvyi^iJig yai 
ndhjg d\>Xa ri&srai, yai d(S^(x)6(iSvoi tovro damaf. 6. noXXa ^ 
S,v ya) dV.a rig dnodelisis ro na7.aiov 'EXXr^vtKov ofioiorgoTta rw 

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4 eOTKT/il/iOT ATrrPA0H^. 

vvv ^ciQ^aqiyi^ diaiTcojuefov. VII. rwvds noXeoov oaai jih vscorata 
maio'd-Tjaap xat ?j8?j Tzloificortgoov oricor, neqiovGiag (JialXov s^ovaat 
^oyfAcircov m avroig toTg atyialoTg teii^chv iyai^ovto xal rovg 
la&ptovg aneXdiA^aforj ifAJzoQcag rs ersna >ial Tfjg nqog rovg TZQoaol- 
:iovg exaaroi ia](vog ' al 8s nakaiou dia Ttjv XriaTEiccv im tzoIv am- 
axovcsav ana '0^ald(j<y?]g fxallov cpxiG&i](rav, al ts iv ratg vtiaoig 'Aa\ 
iv zaig rjTieiQOig ' 'iopeoov yccQ dXkrfkovg te >:a\ tcov dlXcov haoi ovTsg 
ov dalAaaiOi xaToo cokovv ' xai f^^XQ^ lovde hi dvcgxtaiikvoi eiaL 
YIII. y.a) oi'x ipaov Xyaral rjGav ol vriamtai KaQsg rs ofTsg xal 
0oivi>ieg. ovzoi yao dt] rag nXuarag zcov rtjacov (^Kiaav, fiaQzvQwv 
ds ' /Ji]Xov yliQ yiadaiQOixkvrig vno ^Ad^rivamv iv tq)ds tq) TToXefi-q) 
aal rmv dri^mv dvaiqaduamv oaai ijaav zmv rsd^vecozcov iv rri V7]oq-), 
V7ISQ ri^iov KixQsg icpavr/dav, yvooG&evrsg rrj is 6>isvri tcov ottXoov ^vv- 
TS&afxixsri] xal T(p iQQnm o) vvv szi d^dnTOVoi. 2. y.azaatdvtog 
ds Tov Mivoo ravnxov TrXoificoTEga iysvero naQ dXXijXovg' ot yccQ 
SK 7C0V v)]acov naxovQyoi dviozrjaav vtz avrov ore tzsq tag no}.- 
Xag avtcov 'Aarcpxi^s. 3. xai. ol naQa ddXaaaav dvdQ<x*770L imXXor 
^drj triv yaijCiv i&v iQijixdjo^v Tzoiovfisvoi ^e^aiorsgov (^xow 
riveg y,al T^i^ri 7Te()(s[jdXXov70, cog nXovGimreqot savrcov ytypofisroi. 
i(j)ie^svoi yaQ t^v }i£Qd^v oi re i]660vg vnEfxevov ri]v rcov ygsiaoovGiv 
dovXeiav ol re dwaTwregoi nsQiovGiag e^ovrsg nQoaEnoiovvro vny- 
movg rag iXdoaovg noXsig. 4. xat iv rovrcp rw rgoncp fJccXlov 
ffiij ovTsg vartQOv XQovoi ini Tgoiav EarQarevaav. IX. 'j^yafxs- 
uvoov rs fioi doyiSl roov rors bvva^H ttqovxcoVj yar ov roaovrov roTg 
Twddgscx} hgyoig y^arsiXri^jisvovg rovg ^EXevijg fAvtjarriQag dycov, 
rov aioXov dyuQai. 2. XsyovGi 8s KaioiraaacpsararalleXonoV'' 
^TjGicov f^v^f^^l TTaga rmv nqozsQOv 8s8t:yfisvoi TItXond rs tiqcZtop 
nhjdsi XQ^^l^dzcov, a rjXd'SV ix rijg ^Aoiag s^oov ig dvOQconovg ano- 
govgfivvaiiiv nsQinoir^Gaiisvov ri]v ino^vvfiiav r7]g xcogag inriXvtijv 
ovra ofxcog axsTr yal varsQOv roTg ixyoroig hi ^si^co ivvsvsx^rivai, 
EvQVG&scog fxlv iv ry '^rriyri vno 'HQaxXsiSodi^ dnoOavovrog, 
^AtQScog 8s (AijrQog d8sXq)ov orrog avzm, xai inizQSipavrog Evqv- 
Gdswg or iarQaTsys, Mvyyvag rs yai rrjv dQX^]i' yara ro oixstov 
^^rgsL' rvyyjh'siv 8s avrov qisvyovra rov TzazsQa 8ia rov Xqvgltt- 
TTOv ddvarov ' yai cog omiri dvsxcoQ'rjGsv EvgvG&evg^ ^ovXofiivcov 
ycu rcoy MvHijvaiGJv q)6[hp roov ''HgayXsidoov xal dpia 8vvarhf 

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LIB. I. CAP. X. 5 

doKOvvra shai 'Aal to nXrjdog TedsQansvxoTa, rmv MvH')]vai()Ov za 
HCil o<ycov EvQV6devg -^jgy^e zyv ^aailalav ^AiqkoL TzaQala^sTv^ ytal 
7(X)v IlsQoeidoov tGvg Uelonidag (xei^ovg y,aTaarrivai. 3. a pioi 
do'AU 'Aya^efAPCov TtaQala^ojv xal vavjiKi^ rs afA,a Im ttXsov tcZv 
dlXcx)v iGivaag, zijv arqardav ov idQiti to nluov ri cpo^co ^vraya- 
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b eoTKTJijor ATrrPAfhui:. 

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aXXfiQ ' EXXddog Hanv a icoqia' ndvza 8s lavxa vateQOv zav TqhoI" 

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8 OOTKT/Ji/J or ^TrrpA0ii2:. 

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aOai, xazd noXeig rs droXfiorsqa sJrai. 

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■ri yaq Aaxedaiftcovyfisra rqv xziaiv r&y vvv ivoixovrz'-f\ <i'^T^i* 

Hosted by 


LIB. L CAx° XIX— XX. 9 

Jo30i8(x}ry iui nlEiatov mv lafiev iqovov araGidaaaa ofiojg ek nalai- 
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rsg t'avnxot syewvTO. yoivri re dnooadfAsvoi, rov ^dgpaQov vdreqov 
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disvsy^dsvTsg ol Aa^sdaii^iovioi yai ol 'AOi]vcuoi inoXtiAijaav fj-sid 
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nov diaaraisv, TZQog rovrovg ridri sjcqqovv. cogts dno tcop Mridixcor- 
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id TToXefua, yai sfinsiQOTSQOi iytvovro fisrd yivdvpmv rdg [AsXsrag 
noiOv^svoL 'Xl'X..- ya\ ol ^isv Aaysdaifionoi ov^ VTTorsXsig sy^ov- 
7sg cf'OQov zovg ^vf/f^dyovg 7)yovpro, yaz oXiyaQyiav ds acpioiv avroig 
l-iovov ETntTjdsicog o?iG)g 7ioXt7SV6oo(ji S'SQaTisvovtsg' ^d-rjpaioi ds 
vavg ts TWP noXsmp r(p yQ<^v(o naqaXai^lrrrsg, nXr^v Xlcov yai As- 
^l^ioov ya) yQ7]{.iaTa rotg ndai rdiaprsg cp^QSiv. yai. Eynero avroTg 
ig jovds rov noXsfiov rj Idia naqaGysvrj fisiJ^oov ?/ cog ra xQariaia 
7iore (AStd dyqaicpvovg trig ^vfiiiayjag rivdriGav. 

XX. Ta ah ovv naXata roiavza svqop, yaXsnd opra ■Jtavtl 
s^Tjg rsxfJii]QiCp TXiGrsvaai. ol ydq dvO'QcoTTOi rag ayoag rcop nQoya- 
ysprifisfociv^ yai rjv sniycoQia Gcpiaif i/, Ofioicog di^aoariaimg nao 
dXXTJXcov deyorrai.. 2. 'Ad-ijvaK^v yovv to TiXljOvg 'innaQyov oiov^ 
raivcp 'Aqiwdiov yai '^QiaToysizovog rvQavvov ovra dnoOavslv, 
y,al ovy laaaip ori'Jnniag fisp nqsa^vrajog ojv 7]Qys rmv rhiaiGrQa- 

1* . ■ " 

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tov vleosVj Innaq'ioq ds vuu OeoGccXog aSsXfol v^aav avTOv. vno 
T07Z]]6ayTeg ds ii ixeivji 7]] i]fiSQOc xal naqay^Qruxa '^QfAodiog 
^.^QtutoyEtroiv in loov ''Svi'Eidoicop G(pi(jip 'Imtia {ASfirivvadai, tov 
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SAdzEQOVj aXXa dvoTv' acu tov IJiraviirip Xoyov avroig shcu, og 
ovd iysvExo n(xinoT8. ovrcog diaXaiTicooog loTg noXXoXg rj t^rjTqoig 
trig dXtj&eiag, acu irzl ra stoTjAa ^aXXov jQinoviai. XXI. Ia 
ds rmv i-iQijiisvcov zsaiaijqlcov oftcog toiavta civ rig pOf^iXcov ftdXi- 
era a diriXdov ovy dfiaQravoi ' alu ovia ciog noirirai v{Avi^Aa6i 7Z€(h 
av'Zwv Ini rb fisi^ov AOCiAOvvrsg fidXXov TnorevMv, ovie dog Xoyo- 
yqacpoi '^vvsOecfav em ro nQOGaycofor^Qov ry UAQodaEi rj dXrid-iare- 
Qoy, opra arE^tXeyAra aul ra noXXa vno yQovov avr^v dniarcog 
im 70 f^ivOoodsg iAVtPiArjAora' evgljad^ai ds 'ijijadfxarog ea rmv 
IniqMvsardrcov ayfisicoVj cog naXaid ehai, dnoyQmrcog. 2. xal 6 
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naqovra del fAtyiorov aqivovzcov, 7zavaa{j,8fooy ds rd dgyaia fidXXov 
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^ODV yeysrrjfisrog aviwr. XXII. aui oaa fxsv Xoycp sinov sAaaroi 
fj /iisXXovrsg noXeixriasiv y ev avrcxi rjdt] ovreg, yaXsnov rr/v aAQi^eiav 
avt^v TMv Xty^div^cxiv diafAp7jfA,oi^8V(Tai riv, ei^oi rs cov avrog rjAovaa 
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EAaoroi tteqI rcop dtl nagovrcov rd diovza fxdXiara sinsiv, i^ofyit'vq) 
on iyyvrara r?jg ^vftfzd<j?^g yrcofirig raiv dXijdcog Xsx^^srrcor, ovrcog 
EiQfjrai. 2. rd S' SQya rcov TTQax&tPTcop iv rep noXtficp ova ea rov 
no^arvyovrog TZVvd'apofASPog ri^icoaa ygdcpEiv, ovd' cog eia-oI idoAEif 
dXX olg rs avrog naQliv Aai Ttagd rcov dXXcop oaop dvvarov aAQi- 
^Eict nsQi EAdarov Ene^eXd-cov. 3. Eninovcog ds evqIgaeto^ diori oi 
naoopJEg rotg SQyoigsAdarotg ov ravransQirmv avroTg eXsyoVjclXX 
cogsAart'Qcov rig evvoiag i] f,iP)]fArjg syoiA.Kal Eg f-isv (lAQoaaiv locog ro 
HTj uvdcodsg avrcov djSQniareQov cpavEirai. . oaoi ds ^ovXi'iaovrai 
rojv rs yspo^svoop ro aacpsg aAonslv aol raw fieXXovrcov nors aviyig^ 

Hosted by 



ytara to ctr&QojTxeiov, toiovtcov >tal naQanXtialxov sasijd^ai, wq}sXmoi 
KQivsip avza aQ'AOVvicog €^h. Kirifid re ig aai fiaXXov rj aycoviGjxcc 
ii; zo TzaQuyQij^ua aaoveir, ^vyxei.rai. 

XXIil. Toop d€ TTQozeQOv s{)ycop ixiyiozov inQaxOT] to Mi^drAOp ' 
aai Tovto Ofiojg dveiv vav^ailaiv xal nai^ofxaxtcciv Tay^Hav iiiv 
H^iaip sais ' TOVTOv ds 70v 77o)Jfiov fiJjnog re fxtya ttqov^i], na&tjfia- 
rd T8 ^vP7]ptx&/] yevta&ai Iv amcp zy 'EXXddi ola ov^ heqa ep loqi 
XQOvcp. 2. ovTS ydg TzoXsig roaaiSs XTjcp&Eiaai TjQ}]fi(a&i](jap, al fisp 
vno ^aQ^dgoop al 5' vtto aq)WP avTcjp dpziTioXsfAOVPicop, eiai ds at 
KOI oly-riroQag fisrt^aXop dXiffKOfiepai, ovia q)vyai roaaids avdQco- 
Tioop qjopog, 6 }aIp xar aviop top TZoXefiOP 6 ds dia to (jzaoffx,- 
^SLv 3. rd rs ttqoisqop dxorj fisp 7.sy6^spay sgycp ds aTiapicoTegov 
^t^aiovf/,£paf ovK dniGTa naTsaTij, asicfioop re ttsqi, oi em TrXeiarop 
ai-ia i^i^Qog ytjg aal id^^vgorarot ol avroi Ineaipp, r[Xiov re saXeiipeig, 


acip, avy^ixoi re eon TzaQ olg ^eydXoi an avroop aai Xijioi, yai 
'h ^^X ?>f*f^^f^ ^Xdxpaaa xal fxsQog ri q)&€iQa(Ta 7] Xoi^Kodr^g pooog, 
tavra yccQ Tzdvza fierd rovde rov noXi^ov a^a ^vpenedero, 

4. iJQ^apzo ds avrov 'A&rjpaioi Kal IleXoTZTtopp^aiot Xvaapreg rag 
7QHVAOPTovreig anopdag cu avroTg eyepovro fieza Ev^oiag aXcomp. 

5. dioTi S' eXvaap rag airiag TZQOsyQaxpa nq^rov :<at rag diaqjo- 
()dg, rov ^ii] ripa t,)jrriaai nore e% orov roaovrog TzoXef^og roTg 
^EXX)]6L aareati]. 6. rrjp fisp yccQ dXy&eardrt^v nqo^iaGiP dcpape- 
uzdrtjP ds Xoyqt rovg 'Adrivaiovg Tjyoyixai, fieydXovg yiypoiiepovg 
cpo^op naQtyoprag roig ytaaedatfAOPioig, apayyidaai eg ro TtoXefieTv. 
al d' ig ro cpapegop Xeyof^epai alrlai aid^ ijaav. ixaregcop, dcp wp 
Xvaavreg rag anopddg eg rov TZoXefAov Kareanjaav. 

XXIY. ^ETTidafyiPog eari noXig ev de^ia eanXeopii top ^Iopiov 
yoXnop' 7TQoaorAOV6t d^ avrr^p TavXdpriot ^d.g§aQoi^ 'JXXvqixop 
edvof-i 2. ravTTjP aTTcpaiaap fASP KeQxvQaioi, oir.f^rrjg d* iytrsTO 
0dliog 'EQatO'AXeidov, KoQtp&iog yepog, rSp dcp 'HgayJJovg, yaza 
d)] TOP TiaXaiop pofxop ea rJjg ixrirgonoXetxig yunraytXr^d^eig. ^vpaixi- 
Gap ds ya] rap KoQifd^icop ripsg yai rov dXXov /Jcoqixov yipovg. 
3. nQoeXdovTog ds rov ygorov iyspero ?) roov ^ETZidaftPioop noXig 
ueydXi] yal noXvdp&QWTtog. 4. araaidoapreg ds ev dXXriXoig eni 
TToXXdj cog Xepraij drto noXijiov rivog rm> nqoGoUoov ^aQ^dgoot 

Hosted by 


12 eoTKTJiziOT zrrrPA0iiz 

icfddqijGav y.a). tijq dwdiASOog T^ig nollijg tareQridfiaav. 5. ik bt 
islevTcua ttqo lovds tov nol?iiov 6 drjfiog avjc^v s^edioo^s toiV 
iivfaTOvg, oi 8s aTiP.Xdorrsg ^sra i^v BaQ^d^cov iXt]i^ov70 zovg Iv 
rfi TTolsi xard 78 yr^r xac Kata x)d?',a<J(joiv.' 6. ol ds ip tti TzoXti 
ovTBg ^Eni8d[ivioi ineidtj inii^ovro, 7Z8fi7Xovoiv eg z]]v K^QKVQar 
TTQm^eig cog jaijtqotioIiv ovaav, dsofisvoi, fir] acpag neQiOQav q)d£iQO- 
fi^i'ovg^ alia tovg rs qjsvyoviag ^vraD.d^ai Gqiiat Kal top tcqv ^ag- 
^aQmv nolsiAOv 'AazaXvaat. 7. lavra ds Ixsrai.yia&e^ofxsvoL eg 
70 'HQaiov idsovTO. ol ds KsQKVQatoi 1?]^ mstsiav ova ids^ayzo, 
dXX dnQaKTOvg aTzmsixxpav. XXYo yvovreg ds ot "EniddiATioi 
ovdsfiiav aqiioiv ano KsQy.vqag rificoQiav ovaav, iv ccTZOQCp si^^ovzo 
diadai ro naQov y.a\ TTtfiipavTsg ig /IsXqjOvg tov d^ov InriQOVTO 
H TtaQadoitv KoQiv&ioig rriv noXiv mg oiydaraTg, yai TiiicoQiav tiva 
TT'ciQcxiVto an avroov TZOisTaOcu. 6 8^ ahroig dvsiXs naqa8ov'vai xai 
•qyeixovag Tjoisiadai. 2. iXOovzeg 8s ot E7n8dfAviot sg r7]v Koqiv- 
dov yaza to (xavrslov 7zaQi8oaav tijv dnovAiav, tov ts oImgzijv 
dno8emvvvrEg acpoov ey, KoqlvOov ovra yai to '^QijatriQiov d)]XovF- 
Tsg. ideovTO ts fiij aqidg rnqioQuv 8iacpOsiQOii8vovg, aXX snafii'vai. 

3. KoQifdioi 8s Katd ts to dixaiov vnede^avTO tijv TiiACogiav, vo- 
fiiZovTsg ov'i 'rj(Jqov savzav dvai t^v dnoiylav rj KsQKVQaiwv, afAa 
8s yal fAiGSi t^v KaQyvqaloav, oti avTc^v naQruiiXovv ovTsg dnoLKOi' 

4. ovTS yciQ sv TtavriyvQSOi Taig yoivaig 8i8ovTsg yega Ta vofAi^oiASva 
ovTS KoQiv{)iq) dv8()l TTQO'AaraQioiJisyoi t^v isqoov^co67ZSq al aXXai 
dnoixiai, nsQicpQovovvrsg ds avtovg nai ^QT^uazcov 8vva^£i ovzsg 
y,aT ixstvov tov iqovov o^ola zolg 'EXXrivoov TrXovGicozaTOig xai ttj 
Fg fzoXsfiov naqaaysvii 8vvaT(6TSQOi, vavTixcp 8s yai noXv ngof/^siv 
sativ OTS inaiQOfiSfoi, yal yaTu ttjv twv (I^aidxoov nQosvoiyijGiv T7;g 
KsQHVQag yXiog i'/^ovzoov Tansgi Tag vcafg^, ?) xat fidXXov B^i]gTvov- 
70 TO vavTiy.ov yal Ijaav ovk ddmajot ' TQifjgeig yag sixoat yar 

i'vcTov vnTig'^ov avroTg ozs ngy^ovio TJ-nXejusLv: XXVI. TzdvTcov ovf 
^ovTGov syyX'^fAara s]^ovTsg ol KogivOmi msiinov sg ttjv Enidaiivo'p 
a6fievoi TTjv cicpsXeiaVj or/jjrogd rs ToiSovXofiSvoy Uvai ysXsvorzsg 
/•■(^l '^frngayioyicov yal ylsvya8lwv ya\ suvfmv cpgovgovg. 2. srio- 
^'d'Tjaav 8s fze^f/ 4' ^AnoXXmviav^ Kogivdioav ovaav dnoiyiav, 8m 
am Ksgyvgaicov fii] ycoXvoJVTai vri avzojv yazd d:dXaa(jav nsgaiov- 
^svoi.B, Ksgyvgaioi 8s insidrj '^ad^ovzo Tovg tb oixrjTogag yat q)gov' 

Hosted by 



(jovg rjHOvrag eg i^jv 'Enida[xpov, ty^v le anoiyJav KoQivi^ioig deSo- 
[itr-^y/ l)ia7Jn(uvov' 'aoi nlavaavreg ^avdvg TitvTS "Aat uxooi vavai variiQov izt^Qco aToXtp zovg re qjevyovrag entXevov y.(i'i sn-f^Qsiav 
dt^taOai aviovgl ijXdov jaQ £g rriv Ktgy.vQav oi 't(^v Emdafiviaw 
rpvyudt:g, idcpovg te dnoderAi'vvzEg xai. ^vyyhtiav, rfV nqo'ioyJy^Evoi 
EdtovTO acpdg HardyetVjiZovg re qiQOVQOvg ovg KoQivd^ioi s7T8^\pav 
"ncu Tovg oixriTOQag dnoniiiTteiv ' ol 8s ^ETTidd^vwi ovdsv avicof 
VTrr^AOvaa^. 4. dXXd GiQarevovaiv in aviovg ol KeQKVQaTot rsa- 
Gaody.ovza vavai [yie-zd t^v cpvyddcov, cog yafd^ovzeg xal rovg 
^IXXvQiovg TTQOoXa^oPTsg. 5. TZQOoyaOe^OfAe'i^ot, ds Trjv noXiv nqoEi- 
710V 'ETiidafiVicov rs rov ^ovXofiEvov yai lovg ^evovg dnaOeig dnii- 
vat' £1 ds iirf, cog noXsj^aoig y^Q^jasod'ai. cog d ov>i sneldovro, ol 
IU8V KsQXVQaToi, sazi 3' ladfiog to icoqiov, inoXi.6QKOvv Trjv noXiv. 
XXVII/ KoQiv&iOi d\ cjg avTOig ix zr^g^Eniddiivov rjXdov d.yysXoi 
071 no7j.OQ>iOvrr(Ui 77aQS6KEvd'Covro utQaridv, afia dnovAiav Ig 
T)]v ^ETzidafAvov sxrjQvaaov Ini zri lari xal o^ora rov ^ovXoixsvov 
UviW el de rig ro naqavrUa fxsv ^irj idtXoi ^v^ujiXeiv, ^ereyeiv ds 
^ovXerai rijg dnoiyiag^ nevrijyovra dQayiAag xaiaderza KoQivOiag 
fievsiv. rjaav ds xat ol nXsovzeg noXXoi yal ol raQyvQiov xaja^dX- 
Xovzeg. 2. sderidricjav ds xai imp MeyaQscov vavai acpdg ^vfATTQO- 
TztfixfjEip, ei ciQii yooXvoivro vno KEQKVQCCLaiv nXelv. oi ds naQsaxsva- 
^ovTO avToTg oxrco vavoi ^vj-irtXeTv yat IJaXrig KscpaXX)]V03v re^aaQ- 
01, xal ^EnidavQmv idE}]d7]Gav, ol naQsayov nivre, 'Egfiiovrig ds 
f.dav yai TQOi^rp'coi dvo^ ylevxddioi ds dsxa yai ^A^nQaxiKiTai 
hyrco. Orj^aiovg ds j[Qrifiara ririjaav y,ai (PXiaatovg^ ^HXeiovg ds 
vavg re xsvag xat yn}jaara. avz&p ds KoQiv&mv vijsg TtaQsaysvd- 
^ovzo rQtdxovza xal rQiayilioi onlXrai. 

XXVIII. ^Ensid]] ds STZVihypTO ol KeQv.vQaioi rt]v naQaaxevip', 
iXOovreg sg KoqlvOov [Aszd AaxsdcuiJiovloov xai ^ixvcovloov ttqe- 
G^soop, ovg naQsXa^ov, exeXevop KoQivOiovg rovg sv 'EntddfAvco 
q)oovQovg re xai olxr^roQag dndysi.v, cog ov fisrov avroTg ^Eniddiivov. 
3. ei ds ri dvzmoiovvtai^ dixag ijOsXov dovvai iv IleXonovvriacp 
'.zaqa noXsoiv aig Ixv djicporsQOi ^vfi^oocjiv ' onorsQcov d^ dv dixaairy 
Hvai rijv dnoixiciv, rov rovg xQarslv. rid slop ds xai rep iv /^sXqtoTg 
iiavielcp snnQsxpai. 3. ridXsfiov ds ovx si'oov nomv' si ds fn]^ xal 
avrol dvayHaa&i\(je(j&cu kcpaaav, sxeivoov ^laf^ofisvcav, cpiXovg nom- 

Hosted by 


14 eoTKTJijor i^xm- ddiiii', 

{S&ai oyg ov ^ovXoi'iai, irtQOvg rojp vvv oitcop [iaXXov coq.eXEiag 
evE>ia.-f ' 4. 01 ds KoohOwi a/teKoivavio avTotg, ■Jiv Tug ts vavy 
nai Tohg [:iaQ^dQOvg ano ^Enihaiivov aTzaydycoaif ^ovl^voeaOat' 
TiQortQOv ds 01) >ia7,cog 'iy^Biv tovg fxiv noXiOQ'Att6&ai avrovg 8} dr/.d- 
^eadai. 5. Kbq'avqiuol ds dinsXsyov, rjv k(u ixtivoi tovg fV ^Eni- 
Bd^vco anaydymGi^ Troiijdsiv ravra ' siol(jiOi ds hpcu yua mors 
aiAcpOTSQOvg fAsreiv xaios, ^^Qav, anovdag noiijaaod^ai swg iky ?/ diKi] 

XXIX. KoQivOwi ds ovdsp Tovratv vn^KOvov, dXX STZsidri 
FzXriqsig amoig ijaav at vfisg xal oi ^vf^.ua](^oi TiaQqoav, TtQonsiJixpav- 
7Eg miQvaa nqotaQOv TzoXef-wv TZQOSQOvvia KsQHVQaioig, agavrsg 
s^doiATiKovra fOLvai yuu ntvte dKy^tXloig za QTiXiraig knXsov stzi. ztjv 
'ETzidcifAvov KsQxvQaioig IvavTia 7zoXsfii]aovT:sg. 2. iGZQaTijysi ds 
T(^v fisv veoov '^QiGvevg 6 rieXXi^^ov KaXXixQaiyg 6 KaXXtov. 
aal TifidfcoQ 6 Tiixdvd^ovg ' tov ds ne^ov ^ AQisrijiog is 6 EvQvtiixov 
Hal ^loaQyldag o 'loaQyov. 3. iTreidt] ds sysvovto ir ^Amlc^ rJjg 
^^vay.toQiag y7]g, ov to isqov iov ^^noXXmrog iaziv, enl tq) ctto- 
fiati rov ^AiinqayAyiov xoXnov, ol KsQXVQaToi yjjQVxd. 7S TTQOSTrefixpav 
avtotg ir dxazlcp ansQOvvza iirj nXtiv sni ocpdg, xai rag vavg a^xa 
mXriQovv ^sv^avrsg is rag jraXaiag aGis TiXoifxovg thai xai sag 
aXXag sni(jy.svd(jav7sg. 4. mg ds o x}]Qvh tb anijyysiXsv ovdsv 
elQ7]vaTov naqa twv KoqlpO^icov xai ai vrjsg avroig enSTzXrjQmvTO 
ova at 6j'do7]xovTa, jsuaaQaxovra yaq ^Enldafivov snoXioQxovv, dv- 
ravayofisfoi xa) TiaQara^dfisvoi ipavf^dyt^aap ' xat iriKr^aav ol Ksq- 
'AVQaXoi TiaQa ttoXv aal vavg nsviSAaldsKa dUcpOsiQav rmv Koqiv- 
d^LCov. zy ds ain-y ^f^sga avroXg ^vps^t] yai rovg rijv ^Enidafxvov 
noXioQUOvvrag naQaGt^aacf^ai o^oXoyia coars rovg ^.isv sntiXydag 
dnodoodaiy KoQivdlovg ds dijaaprag sysiv mg llv aXXo ri doiri. 
XXX. f^isra ds Tip' vavixaiiav ol KsQKVQawi rQonalo7> Giijaavrsg 
em jy AsvvJfivri trig KsQxvQag dxQarzfjQiq) rovg fjisv aXXovg ovg 
iXa^ov aiypiaX(070vg dnixzsivav, KoQivdiovg ds dqaavzeg slyov. 
2. vazBQOv ds insidrj ol KoQir&ioi xai ol ^v^fiayoi rj66tjfAsroi zalg 
yavolv drsycoQriaav In oiaov, ztjg d^aXacrarjg .anaoTjg EXQdjovv zi/g 
*Aaz SASiva ra xonQiot ol KsQxvQaToi y,ai, nXsvaavzeg sg Asvydda zr^f 
KoQivd-mv aTTOiyiav zTjg yijg hsuov, ^al KyXX^vriv zo ^HXeimv 
smvEiov ksTTQ^aaVi ozi yavg xai iq^^ara naqsGyov Koqivdloig, 

Hosted by 


hlB. I. CAP. XXXI. XXXIL 15 

3. 70V Ts yQovov Tov 7ilu6tov fistoc TTiV TavfiaxiDCP By.Qazovv T/jg 
daXda67]g xal rovg roov KoQivdmv ^vfifJid][ovg InmlJovtag ecpdeiQOv 
uiiQi:>ov KoQiv&ioi 7Z£Qu6vri Tftj dtQU 7Ttii\pav7tg vavg xac GT(ja- 
ridv, Inu oq^wv ol ^v^^a)(^oi movovv, EarQaroTzed&vovto stil !/^xTtqi 
Kcu 72e()l 70 Xsi^sQiov ZTqg OeaTTQCoTidog, cpvlaHr/g evexoc 77Jg 78 ydev- 
Kadog 760V aXlcor tzoIboop ogixi aqjiai cpikiai ijaav. 4. dv7S- 
^TQazonedevovro ds 01 KsQ^vqaiot mi 7^ ^e.vyJfipy yaval 7S yai 
ne^m, 5. InmX&ov re ovbizegoi akXrfKoig, dllk to {y^Qog 7ovzo 
dv7iy.adi:toixEvoL 'j^eifiojvog i]d}] dvey^coQiiaav en oikov sxa78Q0i. 

XXXI. Tov 8' ipiavzhv ndvra 7ov fisra. 7riv ifaviAayiav Kal 
70V voTEQov ol KoQivdioi oQyy (pegovrsg 7ov tiqoq KeQKvgaiovg 
TZoXe^xov k'avTtTiyovvto kgu TtaQSOXEvd^ovto 7a xgdziGia ve^v gco- 
Xov^ & Tfi avTTJg neXoTTOvvriaov dysiQOviEg yai 77Jg dlli]g 'EXXdSog 
E0E7ag, fAiadm ntldovzeg. 2. Tzvvda'vopisvoi ds 01 KeQXVQaToi tviv 
naoaGyEvrfV avzcov icpo^ovvzOf aai, 7]Gav yaQ ovdevbg 'EXXi^mn' 
hanovdoi. ovds E6ByQd\pav70 savzovg ovzs ig 7ag 'y^dt^vaicov anov- 
^dg 01)78 Eg tag ^axEdaifiovicor, ido^ev av70ig iXdovaiv cog 7ovg 
\4d)iraiovg ^vfx^udxovg yevEcd^ai yai (hcpiXeiav Ttva neiQaal^-at dri 
avrSv EVQiaxeadai. ]3. ol ds KoQivdtoi nvdo^iEvoi 7av7a tjX&op 
"^ai av70i. ig 7ag '^dijvag 7TQ8a^8vao{A,8fOi, OTicog fx?] acpiai nqog ro) 
KEQKVQaiojp vav7ixq) 70 ^Azrmov nQoayevofXEVov EfXTzodiov ytv7]7ai 
dio&ai 70'V TToXefwv rj ^ovXovzai. 4. y.aza(J7darig ds syKXipiag 
ig dvriloytav rjXx^ov, yai ol ^sv Keqkvqouqi sXs^av 70id8s. / 7 ? 

>i XXXIL /liy,aiov, CO 'AdrjvaToi, rovg fAyze evsgysatag iieydXqg 
jirizs SvfAfia)(^iccg 7TQOvq)£iXofA,srrig 7]KOV7ag nagd zovg niXag ETtiy-ov- 
Qiag C06778Q Kal tjiisTg vvv SsijaofXEvovg dvadidd^ai ttq^zov, ^dXiaza 
(Asv cog xal ^vfiq)OQa dsovzai, si ds ^//, ozi ye ovy Emt^rnjiia, ETTSiia 
ds wg y'ai zyv %dQiv ^s^cuov s^ovaiV eI ds 70V7G)v fnidsv aacpsg 
y.a7aa77]aov6i, {atj oQyi^ea&ai tjv d7vx6jGi. 2. KsQXVQaToi ds, ixsik 
xrjg ^vf4fA.a^iag 77]g alzYiasoag zavza mazevovzEg syvga vfuv 
naQs^saO'at, dnsazEiXav Tj^dg. 3. zEZvyrjxe ds zo avzb ini77]dsv^a 
TTQog 78 vixdg ig zip' iQsiav TjfiTv dXoyov y,ai sg za TjiiizEQa avzmv iv 
?(^ TzaQOvzi d^vfA.q)0Q0v, 4. ^^iiiay^ol, zs yaQ ovdevog nco ev zdg ttqg 
TOV SKOVGLoi ysvoiASvoi 'VVV dXXoov zovzo ds7]G6[A,svoi 7]xofi£v, xat afia 
ig 70V naqovza noXsixov Koqiv&lojv eq^uoi di avzo yadsazafASv, 
nai 7rEQiE6Z7]y.Er rj doxovoa fjficov ttqozeqov aoocpgoavri] zo fir] ev 

Hosted by 


16 eOTKTJlJOT SirrPAQillS, 

alXoTQia ^viA'^iciiia ly rov nt'lag yi'cofiri ^vyKii'dwevsiv, t'vv a^ovkia 
yAxi dadtreia qjatvoffsr}]. 5. iliv ^aIv ovv ']'m'(}}]v vav^ayjav av- 
zoi 'Actia [Aovag anecoodfisOa KoQivOiovg' ejzeiSi] ds iael^ovi TzaQa 
(ixsvfi dno ns7.07iovri]aov yuu iijg dlXijg ^Ellu8og scp rjfidg rnQfiriv- 
till 't][Atig ddvTazot oQG^fAhv ovisg iij oixEia fjiovov dwdiASi TzeQi- 
'j'svsaOai^ xal dfia j^ityag 6 'Aivdvrog ti ia6f.isO-a vii ocvTOtg, dvaynT] 
^ACii vfAbyv dXlov Ttaviog miy.ovQiag duad-ai, xal ^vyyvwurj el jwr/ 
fisid xaxiag, 86^i]g ds ^dllov dixaqxia tfj ttqoteqov dnQay^Aoavvri 
iravria 7:ol{jLmft8v. XXXIII. ysvi^aBz ai ds v^iv neidoiASvoig xal?] 
rj ^vi'zvyia xard nolld rrjg ijiABt^qag y^QEiag, TiQwtop ^sv oti dSi- 
novfitvoig yal ovy sztQOvg ^Idmovoi rrjv IftVAOVQiav 770i7]G8od'Sf 
87Z£ira TTSQi, rav pisyiGzmv 'Atvdvvevovzag ds^afiEvoi cog dv fA.aXia7a 
IA8Z dsi^uvj^atov fjtaQxvQiov zrjv yaqiv xaradeiaOs, vavziKOvre xs'AtT]- 
atd^a nlriv tov ttczq vfA,Tp tzIelgiov. 2. kdu GyJipaG&s rig evTrga- 
^ia anariooii-Qci // zig loig TzolEfiiOig Xv/z7iQoiSQa, ei tjv vfisTg dv ttqo 
TToXlmv XQi]fid'iCK>v yaQuog STiiirjaaGOs dvva^iv vfiTv TiQoay&i'S- 
a&ai, avTrj ndQeanv avzenayyeXTog avav ydvbvvcov y,ai dandvijg 
didovaa ■iavz/iv, xal nQoasn cpsQovaa ig iih lovg noXXovg aQEiriv^ 
olg ds STrafxyvETtE x^Q^'^'^ '^f^^^ ^ avroig layyv ' a sv rep Tiavtt XQovcp 
oXlyoig drj diia ndvja ^vve^t], y,ai oXiyoi ^vixnayjag dsofiEvoi olg 
EnmaXovvzai darpdXEiav yai mapiov ovy ijaaov didovzEQ // X7]\p6fAEvoi 
naqayiyvovTai, 3. rov ds TioXsfxop, di^ ovtzeq yQiqaiiJiot dv EiijfAEv, 
El Tig vfi(^v [Ai] oiEtai saEff&aiy yv(6{A7]g d^aQzdvEi xai ov'a ala&dvE- 
Tcu Tovg ^aKsdaifA,oviovg (jpo^o) ra5 vfXEzsQCp 7Tols{A,7](JEiovzag yai 
rovg KoQfvOiovg dvvafxsvovg ttuq avzolg xai vfiTv iyd^jovg ovzag 
yai TTQOKazaXafi^drovtag '/jfA-dg vvv Eg zijv vfiEZSQav ErnyEiQijaiv, ivcc 
uri zq} yoivq> ey&Ei xaz avzoop iaez dXXijXaw orooi^iEV, ixrjds dvoTv 
cp&daai dfidQtcoGiVf 7] yiaxa^ai, yi^idg // ocpdg avrovg ^Epaicaaaadai. 
4. TipiEZEQOv d' av EQyov 7TQOZEQi](7ai, 700V fisv didovzoov, vfAoov ds 
ds^afAEvoov Z7]v ^vfAfiayiav, yai ttqoetti^ovXeveiv avzolg ^laXXov rj 
dvzETti^ovXEVEiv, XXXIV. 7/1^ ds XEyooaiv oog ov dixaiov zovg 
ocfETEQOvg d/zorAOvg vfidg dsysadai, ua&EtooGav cog Tidaa dnoiKia 
tv ^Ev naayovaa ziiia rviv fx)]zg67roXiP, adrAOVfisvT] ds aXXozQiovrai' 
ov yaQ Em zco dovXoi dXX sni Z(p ofioiot zoTg XEinoiJiEvoig Eivai EAnsfi- 
novzai. 2. cog ds rfirAOvv aacpsg egzi' 7TQ0>iXr]&EvrEg ydg tieqi 
^ETiiddfJirov ig 'aqicjiv TZoXEfiot f^idXXov tj zm i(ycp E^ovXrjd^ridav zd 

Hosted by 



iy>ili^fAata ^letsldur. 3. yuu vfilv sarco ri TEKfitjQtov a TTQog 7]^ccg 
Tovg '^vyyBvug 8(j6jgiv, aars andrri ts ^ju] Tragayeadai vn ai'taiv, 
deoiAtJOig 7S iy. tov evOiog /i// vnovQyuv' o yaq tla'^iaiag TUg 
(A87(/.fA,i:lsiag EK 70V ^aQL^80&ai 70ig sra'ptioig lafA^drcoi' dacpaXs- 
aiarog dv diartloiij. XXXY. Ivg^jb ds ovds rag ^axtdaffio- 
nmv anovddg dey^oiisvoi ij^dg [.u'ldert'Qoov oviag ^vixixdiovg. 2. ti- 
Qrjiai yaQ iv avraig tojp 'EXXi]indoov ttoXscov rjrig iirfia^ov ^vfifia)[8t 
i^eivai TzaQ oTioztQOvg dv dQtGxrjrai il&uv. 3. y,ai dsivov ei 
roiGds [isv dno rs rcov ivGTZofdcov sarai ttXtjoovv tag vavg yai nqoa- 
hi yial SK 7'ijg aXlr]g 'EXXddog xal ovx ^'^lata dno rmv vfier^Qosv 
vTTijiiocov, Tjiidg ds dno tiyg TTQOxsifxsvTjg rs ^vfAfia'j^iag siQ^ovat xai 
dno TTjg dXXo\^sv nod^ev cocpeXsiag, uza £v ddiKYniati drjOovTac nsc- 
adsvtcov vfioov a deo^sd'a. 4. noXv ds £i> nXelovi aiTia ijiAaTg fnj 
TTSiaavTsg v^Jidg ^^ofiev, ijiidg fisv yaQ ydvdvvevovzag yai ovh 
i^d^QOvg ovrag dncoaead^s' roovde ds ov^ oncog ycoXvzac s^dq^v 
ovzoDV Ka\ inwvTCov ysvrjasa&s, d7.7.d xal dno 77Jg vfASisQag dQ^r/g 
dvvafAiv nQoaXa^sTr nsQioxpsGd^s riv oh dixaiov, dXX ij xdxsivKiv xco- 
Xisiv rovg h irig v[isr8Qag litGOocpoQOvgf rj xal rnxlv Tte^uneiv xaO^ 
0, rt dv ns(()\}^t]TE cocptXetav, fAdXtara ds dno tov ngocpavovg de^af/s- 
vovg ^oti&eTv. 5. noXXd ds, ojansQ iv dq^xi vnsinoiASv, rd ^vfxcpsQovza 
dnodsixwiisv xai ^syiarov on 01 re avzoi noXsfiioi rjfAiv tjaav, onsQ 
aaq)satdT7] niarig, xal ovtoi qvx da&srtTg^ dXX' Ixavoi tovg fiera- 
Grdvrag ^Xdxpat. ' xal vavrixrig xal ovx ijnsiQ(6xidog Trjg t^vjAuayiiag 
didoiisvr}g ov'^ ofioia rj dXXoTQimaig ' dXXd fjidXiara fisv, si dvvaaOs^ 
^rjdsva dXXov sdv xsxTTjGdai 'vavg ' si ds ixiq, hang syi^vQcitazog, 
rovTOV cpiXov sysiv. XXXVI. xat oto) tads '§v^q:JQ0V7:a [fsp 
doxsi Xsysadat, cpo^siTai ds [at] di" avtd nsi\)6fisvog rag cnovdug 
Xvcrjf yvojtca to fisv dsdiog avrov ia](^vv f/^ov tovg svavnovg iidXlov 
cpo^iqaov' to ds d^agaovv iaij ds^a^tvov dodsrsg ov nqog laj^voviag 
70vg s'/^&QOvg ddssatsqov iaofisvov, xai d^ia ov nsQi tlqg KsQxvgag 
vvv to nXiov tj xai. toav \4driv&v ^ovXsvofxsvogf xai ov ta xqanota 
avtaig noovoojVj orav sg lov ^sXXovta xal oaov ov naQovra noXsi^wv 
70 avTixa nsQiaxonaVj svdoia^ri j^aiQtov nQoaXa^SiV fieta ^syiarcov 
haiQoap olxsiovtai ts xai noXsfiovtai. 2. rz/i,' ts ydo 'haXiag xai 
^ixsXiag xaX^g naqanXov xsirai, ojcjts fj,rits sxsldsv vavtixov edaca 
neXonowTjaioig EnsX&etv, to ts si'Ohds nnhg tdxsl naqanin^pai^ 

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18 eoTKTAiJor :irrrPA0H2\ 

nai sg taXka ^vfxqiOQcoTaTor sail* 3. ^qayvtaTm d' av >isq)aXaicp^ 
toig IS ^viXTzaoi nal xad' tKaaiof, Tcpd^ av iiq TTQOso&at ijixag [xd- 
dotz8 tQia lAsv ovTa Xoyov ci^ta roig EXXrjai ravTiKoi, to tzuq v}.iip 
Kal to rifAtTSQov Kal zo KoQivdlmv. zovecov 8' al nsQioxpeade za 
dvo eg zavtov iX&eh xai KoqipOioi ri^dg nQoyiazakrjxpovzai, Ksq- 
KVQaiofg ze Kal Iltlonovvijaioig a^a i^avixa^^r^asis ' de^dfitvoi da 
fjfAcig 8%8Z8 TTQog avzovg ttXeiogl vavoi zatg vi^ezsQaig dyojvi^scs&at, 
"toiavza lilv ol KeQuvQaToi elnov ' ot ds KoQiv&toi fxez avzovg 

XXXVII. ''Avay-iialov KsQKVQaicov zavds ov ^ovov ntQi rov , 
dil^aa&at oqjdg zov loyov noiriaa^hmv, dlX cog Kal ri^mg zs ddi- 
HOi'iur xal avzol oiy. elxozoog TioX^^ovvrai, ^TrjaOhzag ttqootov y^at 
riixdg neqi d^q\oztQ(x)i\ ovzoj yai Ini zov akXov loyov livai, Iva zijv 
dcp rjfAav ze d^ioooiv dacpaltdTHQOv nqoudqzE^ zijv zmds iQtiav 
in] dXoyiazcog aTiojaiiGOt. 2. qjaai ds ^vfx,f4a'j^Lav did zo omcpQOv 
ovdsvog i7Co ds^aaOai * zo d' ln\ y.ay.ovQyia xai ovk aQSzy STZSTrjdsv- 
(sav, ^vixfAa^or zs ovdtva ^ovlo^svoi nqog zadcKri^aza ovds fidQzvQa 
sisiv, oi'ze TiaQay.aXovvzsg aia][i'psa&ai. 3. yai ij Tzohg avz^v 
dixa, avT dQv.rj diaiv KSiii^vrj, nagkjsi avzovg dixaazdg cov [iXdTTzovai 
zivay ^dXXov i] y.aza ^vvd^i^xag ylyvsG&ai, did zo y^iiGza sni zovg 
nsXag SKTzXtovzag lAdliarazovg dXXovg dvdyxij 'AuzaiQOPzag dtjE- 
od^ai. 4. y,dv zovzwzo svnQsneg aanovdoVyOvi ivaixri ^v^'adiy^ijaio- 
aiv iztQOig, nQO^t'pjpzai, dXX OTzcog Kara ixovag adiKKKJt, xai oncog 
iv (p f(sv dv yqaidiGi ^id^oovzai, ov d^ dv Xd&coai nXwv sy^maiv, i]V 
ds 7Z0V zi 77QoaXdl^coaiv, dvaioyrvvzcaai. 5. kuizoi si rjoav dvdQsg, 
ooansQ q)aoir, dyad^oi, oacp dXrjTizozsQOi ■}^Gai^ zoig TzsXag, zooopds 
cpa'PSQCoisqav s^rj'P avzoig zip aQSzjjp didovai yai ds^ofA^sroig za 
dtaaia dsrAvvvai. XXXVIII. d.XX ovzs TZQog zovg dXXovg ovzs sg 
rifidg zoiolds sloiv, dnoixoi ds ovzs^ dcpsozdai zs dia Tiavzog yai 
vvv noXsfiov6t, XsyovTsg dog ovk sm zw yaxoog ndaytiv i^cnsficpdsh]- 
aav, 2. rj^sTg ds ovd' avzoi qia^-isv sn). zq) vno rovicov v^QiX,s60ai 
aazoiKiaaif dXX em z'.p riysf.i6vsg zs sivai xal zd sixora dav^c/Xs- 
cd'ai. 3. al yovv dXXui dnovAiai zificoaiw tjfxdg ftdXiaza vno 
dnoiycov areoyoiAsda. 4. yal dtjXov on, si toi^ nXioaiv aQsaKov- 
tig iafxsVf zoiad' dv ^ovoig ovk OQQ^g dnaqiayoiiASv, ovd' miazqa- 
tsvQifisv tynQ'cTimg inj yal d a jsoovzoog zl ddrAOviiSfOi, 6. }iaXop 

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d^ riv, si yiai TjfxaQTdvofAeVy rolads ^sv tX^cu ry ri^eztQa OQy'rjy pjuii^ 
ds aiG'iqov ^idaad&ai tijv tovicov (^.BTQWTrjTa, 6. v^Qti ds 
i^ovata nloviov TZolXa sV 7)iAcig dlXa zs i]^aQT/]xaGif xal 'Enida- 
ixvov q^HxtQav ovaav xaKOVfxsvtjv fxiiv ov TTQOotTioiovrTO, iXdopzcov 8s 
fj^iodv ETj] rinooQia aXovTBg ^la tjovai. XXXIX. cpcwi dij 
drAfj TTQOTSQOV i&tX7j6ai 'AQLPsad^ai, I'lV ye oh zov nqovyovza £>t 
zov daqjuXovg TzgoxaXovi^efov Xsysi'P zi doKsTv dsc, alloc lov &g ioov 
id TE sQya 6fA,OLCog Kai tovg loyovg TZQirdiayoopi^eGOaiyiadtGrdvia. 

2. 0V70L 5' OV TIQIV TZollOQHElV TO %o^Qiov, dlX BTrtidrj 7]y)]aaVT0 

fjfAcig OV TiSQWipeadai, rojs xal zo tVTiQEnIg zrjg dUijg naQEd'^ovTO. 
y,ai dsvQO tjxovoiv ov rdxti ^ovov avioi diiaQxovteg, dlla v^dg 
vvv d^iovvrsg ov ^vfifAa)(^ETv dlld ^vvadixtLV xat diaqioQOvg ovzag 
7]fiiv ds'/^sa&ai aqjdg ' 3. ovg ^qtiv ots dacpaltGiatoi riaav, tots 
nQoaitvaiy xal (irj iv cp rj^Eig ^Iv 7]8iyJ]fie\ya, ovioi ds nipdvvevovai, 
fxrid" ip cp vfA,sTg itjg re dvvd^soog ai'iojv tots ov fxsrala^ovTsg zJjg 
coq:slsiag vvv fA^STadooasTSj xal toov dfiaQzr^fxdTOJv dnoysrof^svoc liig 
dcp 7]fA.6jv aizlag to [gov s^sts, ndlai ds yoivamavTag rr^v dvvafiiv 
}iOivd yai tol dno^alvovTa s^stv. XL. cog f^sv ovv avTol ts f^iSTa 
nQoorj'AovTOJV iyxhjiAdzcov SQy^o^sda yai aide ^laioi xal nlsovsvaai 
slai d€di]lo3Tat.' 2. cog ds ovk dv SiKcdcog avTovg dt'ioiaOe fiocOetv 
IQi], tl yciQ siQrjTcu iv Toig OTZOvdaig i^sivai nciQ onortQovg Tig 
Tcop dyqacfjCxiv Tiolecov ^ovlezai ilOsiv^ ov zoig srii ^ld^)j sztQcov 
iovaiv tj ^vv^f^'Arjiariv, dlX oazig ^tj dllov avzov aTzoGTSQcov dacpa- 
Islag dsTtai, xai oaiig [Atj loig Ss^af^svotg, si 6cocpQOvovai, ttoIs- 
fiov dvi slqrivrig TTOiiqGSi' o vvv v}isig [At] TtsiO^ofiSvoi ijiuv ndOoizs 
dv, 3. ov yaQ toig8s [aovov ItzUovqoi dv ysvoiad^s, dJ.ld yuu ij^lv 
dvTl ivaTZordcov 7Zolsf.uoi. dvdyxT] ydQ, si izs ^.tsr' avr^v, a(u dixv- 
vsad^ai /*// dvsv vfioov zovzovg. 4. y.aiioi 8lxaioi y sgts /udlioTcc 
fxsv ixTTodcov arrival d{A.cpozsQoi,g' si 8s f^f], zovvavztov im zovzovg 
[isd^ TjfAcov isvai' KoQivd^loig fxsv ys svGnov8ot sazs, KsQxvQaiot^ 
8s ov8s 8i dvaycoyjig nconoz sysvsaOs' yea zov vo^ov /^// yidli- 
ardvat coozezQvg szsQcoi' dq)iozafispovg StjsGOai. 5. ov8s yuQ fiuslg 
Za^imv dnoardvzcov xpJjqjov TtQoasO'c^sda svaviiav i\iuVy tcop 
dllcov Hslonovvijatcov oty^a siptjcpiGfASPcop si y^{nj avrotg d^vvsiVj 
cpavsQcog 8s avrsinoiASv zovg nqoGriyovTag ^vfA,fidj(0vg avzov ziva 
nold(^tiv, 6. slyaQ zovg yaxov zi 8QcovTag dsy^oixcvoi Ti^coQmsis^ 

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20 eOTKTJi/lOT ATrrPAfIiH2. 

cpavettai xal a Tmv v^ettQcov ovk slaGGoo 7]^uv ttqogeigi, tm 
pofiov icp vfuv avToTg fAalXov y icp tjiuv dijaers. XLI. dixcuw- 
iiaTii uh ovv Tiids nQog v^Jiag 'iyo^tv, ly.avk xara rovg 'E)Jj]t'CKfp 
rtf-iovg, TjaQaimoiv ds xal a^ioo(Tiv idqirog roidide, ijv ovk ^X^^QOi 
ovreg 0J6T6 ^Idnruv, ovd' av cplXoi o^az miiQijodcu, dyTLdodrjiai 
JjfAdp £p Tcp TiaoovTL cpafASv y^Qljvo'i. 2. vtc^v yew (ACVAQoov onariaav- 
Ttg noTS TZQog 7:ov Alyivijiav vnsq %k M7]dixd iioXtfiov^ TtaQCi 
KoQivOioQv eiy.OGi vavg ^ld^£T8' rj sisgyeGia avri] t£ yai Tj Fg 
^Uf^iovg, TO dt Tif^dg nsXono'P'p}]movg avtoTg /^// ^0)jd7i6ca, naqt- 
(y/^sv ifiiv AiyivtjTCDV fxiv eniyQdzipiv, 2!a{A,l(xiv ds yolaaiv, 3. y,ai 
h> y.aiQoTg ■zoiouroig iysvero oig iidXiGta dvdQmnoi, m r^d-qovg 
rovg GCf'eit'Qovg tovTsg, tojv ndvrcov auBQiontol elai naqa to fiydv. 
(fiXov T£ yaQ Tiyovvrai 70v vnovQyovvra, ijv Kai, 7tq6teqov 8^6 gog fi^ 
noXmwv le t.ov dvTLGidvra, -ijv yal tvixi cfiXog cov, mei. ycu rn 
oiy.eiu isIqov Tt&e'Piai. cpiXovsixiag tMiux zljg avriya. XL 11. cor 
ivdvju)]0i:V7eg, xcu vemrEQog rig naga tiiquo^vjsqov av'^a fiadwv^ 
dhovrcx) 70ig ofAOtoig 7]fA.dg diAvreaOui^ yal fu] vo^lon dixaia fisv 
idds Xb'y£6&ai., ^vixcpoQci dsj 8i 71oXeixiI(G£i^ dXXa ni'ui. 2. jo rs 
yaQ iviupiqov^ iv co dv rig sXd'/^iara a^xaQidmj, iidXiO'ta tTisrai' 
xai TO pieXXov rov 7roXs\aov, o) cpo^ovvmg v^idg KtQyvQaloi xEXtv 
ovaiv ddixsiv, iv dqjavet in ytlrai, yea ovy a^iov iuaQdevTag avzcp 
(pai'eQap e^Ooav ydt] yal ov ^tXXovaav TTQog KootrOiovg ya/jGaGOai, 
Tijg ds vnaoiovarig ttqotsqov did Wlsyaqeag vTZOipiag GwqjQOv 
vqjsXeiv iiaXXov. 3. ?/ ydq rsXevraia ^dqig yaiQov f^ovGay ydv 
iXdGGOJv y, dvrarai ^sil,ov syxXjjfxa XvGai. 4. fAijd' on Tavnyov 
^vfAiia'/tav f^.sydX7]'P didoaGi, rovrcp iqisXxsGds. ro ydq i^iij ddixsip 
rovg ofioiovg i^yqcorsQa 8vvaf^ig, ?] z^ avrUa Kpa-PEQCp STzaQ^^ivzaQ 
did yivdvrojv ro TiXb'ov s^Eir. XLIII. 7]fj.Hg Ss T^SQiTtSTirooyoreg oig 
iv rij yiayedaipLOvi avzol TZQOslnonsv, rovg Gqisrsqovg '^vfi^d'/^ovg 
avrop riva yoXd^eiv, vvv naQ" vfxojv ro avro d^i^vixsv yofiiXsGd-ai, 
yal {At] ry rjiAszeQa ipt]cpqi (hepsXijdivrag ry {'(Asrlga rnxdg ^Xdxpai. 
2. ro d' iGOP dvranodois^ ypovrsg zovzov iysivov shai rov yaiQov, iv 
cp zs vTTOVQyav cpiXog ^dXiGza yai 6 dvriGrag s^^d^Qor. 8. nac Ksq- 
yvQCUOvg rovGds fxijre ^vfxfid'/^ovg dsxsGd'S ^la ijfimv ifTjre d^i^h'srs 
avrolg ddiyovGi. 4, >ial rdds noiovvreg rd nqOGriyovri .^a xTf u ?-^fi 

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LIB. I. CAP. XLIV— XLVL 21 7 a agtara ^ovXemsads vfup avzoTg. roiavta ds >ial ot KoqIv- 
diQt dnov. 

I XLIY. ^Ad^Tivaioi, d£ a'Aomavreg dfAcpoteQcov, yefOfisi'7]g xal 
dig iy.xhjGiag, ii] jasv nqoi^Qa ov^ fiOGOv zcov KoQivdl(x)V anede^av- 
TO Tovg Xoyovg, iv ds 17] voisQaia f^isrtyiwaav KeQ'AVQawig ^vfifxa- 
^(i(zv f(sv fAj] Tzoifioaadai, ojgjb jovg aviovg s^O^QOvg nai qiiXovg 
vofAiZi:i7>, at yciQ F,m KoQiv&ov syJXsvov ocpiaiv ol Ksqxvqcuoi ^vfi- 
•aim', elvovz' av avroTg al nqog JleXonovvijoiovg anovdai^ srnfAa- 
liav 8s tTioo'jCfavio zy alhjXojv ^oridsiv, edv rig ini KtQnvQCiv uj ?/ 
'Adi]vag ?} zovg rovrcov ^vpi^d)(^ovg. 2. idoxsi yciQ o TZQog IJsXo- 
•a7orp7](j{.ovg noXt'fiog wg saeaOai avroTg, ir^v Kt-QxvQav 
e^ovXovto fuj TTQOtad^ai KoQivd^ioig i'avrtxov t][ov6av toaovrov, 
^vyxQovsiv 8s oTt [.idXtata aviovg dXhjXoig^ Iva dadevEGTSQOig 
ovaip, yv 71 8njf KoQivdioig le xal roig alXotg 'pavriyov s^ovoiv eg 
noXsfjiov yAidiarc^vTiu. 3. aiia ds 'iJj-g 7S ^IraXlag yai ^lysXlag 
iiiil&)g scp.alvsro avioTg y jijCfog Iv naociTiXm ysiaOai, 

XLV^. ToiavTTi fAsv yrco^ri ol ^AOfiVCiioi tovg KeQxvQatovg 
nQoasds'^avTOy xai zmv KoqipO^lcop dnsXdopTcov ov noXv v6tsqov 
dtxa ravg avzoig dniarsiXav ^oyOovg. 2. iaTQaryysi- ds avxav 
AaKsdaiiioviog zs 6 Kifioo)wg xai /lioif^og 6 ^JjQOu^ji'jfov yal 
TJQa-iztag 6 'ETZixXsovg. nnosTrrov ds avzoig fit] vaviAaisiv Koqiv- 
dlotg, i^v fU] inl KsQKVQav nXso^at, yai f.aXXooG(v drro^aiisip^?] sg 
zoQp ixsircop^zi ycoQiojp' 3. ovzca 8s yooXvsiv yata dvpaiup. ttqo- 
siTTOP ds ravTu zov iiij Xvsiv svsxa zag anovddg. al ftsp drj pTjeg 
acfixpovpzai eg ztjp KsQxvQap. 

XLYl. 01 ds KoQtpd^iOf, eneidrj avzoig TraQeaysva^to, enXsov 
em zi]P KbQxvQap ravoi nspziJKOvra yai ixazop. yaap ds 'HXsimv 
lASV dtxa, MsyaQmv ds do^dsxa xcu Asvxadlcov dexa, ^A(^7TQax(cozcop 
ds STTzd xcu eixoGi xal ^AvaxzoQmv fAia,avzmp ds KoQivOtojp Ivsviq- 
aopza. 2, 6TQaz}]yo\ ds rovzoov ijaav fuv xai xazd noXsig sxd- 
azojv, KoQipdi(op ds Ss)'oxXsidt]g o EvdvxXsovg ns^nzog avz6g„ 
3. eneidl] ds nQoasfAi^av rjj xazd KtQxvgav rinsiQCo dno Asvxddog 
nXsovzsg, oQ^uXopzai eg Xsi^isqiop zTjg OsarrQcozidog yrjg. 4, eazi 
ds XijAriv, xou TToXig vttsq avzov xeZzai dno -O^aXdaarig ip r^ ^EXaid- 
tidi trig OsaTTQCozLdog 'EcpvQTi. s^siat ds nag^ avzijv \4j^sQOvoia 
Xlfivi] ig d^dXaaoap. did ds ZTJg GsanQOJZidog ^^^sqcop Tiozafiog 

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22 eoTRTJiJOT srrrPAfiiiis. 

Qvapg TTorafiog, ogiZaov rijv QsarTQCorida xal KscyrQivTjv, cov iviog 
i] aKQa aviyei to Xsifxegiop, 5. ol fxsv ovv KoQivdioi Ti^g tjTZSiQov 
ivravd^a oqui^ovtiu rs xai. (jTQaTonedov moiriaavro. 

XLYIL 01 ds KeQ'AVQaioi cag f/cri^f^TO aviovg nQOdnlrnvrag^ 
filriQ(Xi6Civreg 8exa xac sxazov vavg, cop r/g^s Meixiddr^g xal AhifAi- 
dr^g xal Evov^atog, sarQaTonsdevGavTO sp fifa rSr rj^acor ai xaXovr^ 
rai l^v^ora ' at '^ttixui de-Aa naQTJaav. 2. im ds Tr} Asv- 
'Aijivij avToTg r^ d>iQ(x)ri]Qicp 6 nst,og r^v xai Zaxvy{^L(or iiXtoi onli- 
TOLi [^s^oydY^OTsg. 3. r/oap ds lOig Kogipd^ioig ip ry 7]7Ts(qm 
TTollol 7C0V ^(i.Q^dQ(x3P 7zaQa^s^or]dj]x6Tsg. 01 ydg ravTrj tjnsiQ^rcti. 
dst 7T07B avToTg cptXoi eloir. 

XLYIIL 'ETTSidf] ds TzaQsaxsvaaio rocg KoQipdioig^ la^ovrsg 
TQ(av rjiJ.eQmr (niia dpijyovzo cog Ini pav[ia]^iap dno rov XsifisQiov 
PVKrog, y,ai a^ia scp Tzleovreg yaOoQcoui rag t^v KsQKVQotfmv vc/.vg 
usTSCoQOvg IS yicu sni ocpdg TrXsomag, 2. cog ds xarsidov dVjjlovg, 
dptinaqstdaaovTO, im fisp to ds^cop xsQag Ksoxvoatojp al '^rrixcu 
vlijsg, to ds alio avrot sttsi^op TQta t'clrj noujcyitvieg jcoi pscqp, cop 
WJL^ T()rcoj^ GTQari]yojv sxdaTOv ei,g>4^3. gvrco ^sv Ksq-avqcuoi hd- 
^apTO, l{oQiP\}ioig ds to jusv dshov ysQag al MtyaQidsg pljsg sliop 
y.a\ ai \^fi7TQaAicondsg' xard ds to fisaov oi allot ^vfifjcr/^oi cog 
sxacjtoi' svcovvfiov ds yJqag avtoi ol KogipOioif rcdg aQiara tcov 
psmv Tilsovaaig^ yaTa Tovg 'A&ripaiovg yai to ds^thv tcop KsqhV' 
qalcov slyop. 

XLIX. !E!vp.ixi.^apTsg ds STZsidt] Ta ar^iisia sxaTSQOig 7]Qd'7i 
spavfidyovv, TTollovg ^asp onlirag s^oPTsg d/ncpOTsgoi sm tear yctTct- 
OTQcof^idrcop, TTollovg ds to^ozag ts yai d-nopTWTag, rw nalaui^ 
TQoncp dnsiQOTSQOP hi naQsaxsvacjfxepoL 2. 7jv rs y ravfAcr/^fa yag 
Tsgd TTj [Asv Ts/prj ov'ji ofioioogy TTS^Ofxap'a ds to ttIsov TigoacpsQ^g 
ovaci. 3. irrsidt] ydg ngoa^dlloisv dllijloigy ov gadicog dnslvop to 
vno TS nlqOovg yea o'/lov Tchp psojv, yai (j,dll6p ti niaisvovTsg toi^ 
irrl Tov yataaTgcofiazog OTzliraig ig t7]p piktjv, o7 yaTaaidprsg Sfid- 
^OPTO ridvy^a^ovacop todp pso3p, disynloi d' ovy 7]aap, dlla d^vficp 
yal Qco^rj to tiIsop sravudyovv r] STncJTrjfiri. 4. naptayj] \isp ovv 
Tiolvg d-dgv^og yal TagaycodTjg ijp rj pavfAayiaf ip y al "AzTiyai P7]£g 
naoayiypo^erai ToTg KsgKvgaioig, d nrj TTis^oivto, cpo^op fisp uagsl- 

Hosted by 


LIB. L GAP. L. LI. " 23 

lotp ToTg spavtioig, ^(^yjjg ds ovx iiqiov, Ssdiorsg ol atQatijyoi rriv 
TZQOQQrjaiv tcov '^ \}t]vaicop. 5. fidhara ds to 8s^(ov xsQag tcop 
KoQivdimv inovH ' ot yccQ Ksqkvqcuoi siKoai vavolv avrovg rQeipd- 
(jtvoi xaTadico^avreg anoQcidag eg 7i]v ijneiQOv, l^^XQ^ ^^^ CTQa- 
tontdov nltvaavreg avT&p yau STisy^dvTsg svsnQijadp re rag aKr^vag 
iQ)]fWvg yal ik )[Q7](iK7:a diiqn^aaav. 6. Tavri;} fASV ovv ol Koqlv-' 
x^wi ycu 01 ^vfifxa][Oi rjaG^VTO ze xai ol Kegyvgcuoi InEygdrovv, rj ds 
avTol viGav ol KoQivdioi^ sm T(p svcovv^qi, nolv iviKcov, toTg Ksqkv- 
qaioig roov tixooi 'peojv dno sXdaaovog ^rhjdovg sk r7]g dico^ecag ov 
TzaQovomv. 7. ol 5' ^Adxivaioi OQoovrsg rovg KsQXVQaiovg Tne^ojxs- 
vovg ixdlXov i]d}] dnQoq)aaiaimg snsyovQOvv, lo fisv ttqcotov dns-fo- 
iisvoi &G7S ii)] efAfidXXsiv tivl' Insi ds tj tqottt] iyevsro Xaf^rrQOjg yai 
ivtxsivTo ol KoQiv&ioi, 7076 dt] sQyov nag S{%S70 rjdrj xai disxsxQiro 
ovdsv S7iy dXXd ivvinsasv sg 70V70 dvdyxrjg^ (oaTS sniisigriGCit dXXij- 
Xoi.g 7ovg KoQivdiQvg xai Adrjvaiovg, L. rfjg ds 7Q07ziijg yevofxsvTjg 
ol KoQivdioi 7a a>idq)7] ^sv ovy^ siXxov dvadovfjisvoi 7^v vewv dg 
nai admsiav, nqog ds 70vg dvO^QCDTiovg STQanovzo cpovsvsiv dieynXs- 
ovTsg (idXXov ^ ^mygsiv' rovg re amm cpiXovg, ovx aladofxevoi on 
ijaGrjVTO ol mi rr^ ds^im xsga, dyvoovv7sg syasivov. 2. noXXwv ydq 
vsmv ovaav dfiq)07SQcov yal im tzoXv 77]g x^aXdaarjg ms'^ovGmv^ 
insidi] ^vfSfAi^av dXXTJXorg, ov gadioog 7i]v didyvoiaiv lnoiovv70 
onoioi ixQaTOvv tj exQazovvTO. vav^aiia ydq avrq ''EXXrjdc rroog 
EXXij'vag vs^v nXtjO^si nbyianj d/j 7oyv tzqo savTijg ysytj')]7ai. 
3. snsidtj ds 'Aaisdico^av 70vg KeQKVQaiovg ol KoQivdioi ig tj]v yip>, 
nQog 7 a vavdyia xal 7ovg 'i^sxQOvg 70vg aqsz^Qovg hodnov70, xal 
7(jiv TiXsiaTow 8xoa77jaav (xxrzs TTQoaHOfAiaaf. nghg 7ci ^v^oza^ oi 
avToig ya7a y7jv 67Q€i7og 7&v ^UQ^doarp 77Qoas[:)sl3orj&}jxei. sari 
ds Tu ^v^ora 7rig Oe(J7TQ007idog Xfixr^v sQ7]fwg. 4. tovto ds noii]- 
(5uv7sg avOig dd^goig&tvjsg) mmXsov 7oTg KsQxvQatoig, ol ds 7aTg 
TzXotiioig xai ooai ijaav Xomal {is7a 7&v A'ttixmv ^foor xa] av7ol 
d'vTsnXsov, dsiaav7sg f^rj eg 7)]^ y7]v aqjoyv TteiQODGtv dno^ansiv. 
5. 'ifiij ds ifp oijjs xai msnat(Qvi670 av7oTg cog ig eninXovv, xa) ol 
KooivOioi s^()iriii-?^g 7TQV(Arav sxqovov70, xandorTsg eixogl vavg 
Ad)]vamv TtgoonXsoxxsag* ag varsQov 7(^v dsxa ^oijdovg s^Snsu' 
\pav ol "Adijvaloi, dsi6av7sg^ ottsq eysvs70, ct?] nxr^OoDGiv ol Keoxv 
gaioi aat al aqtitsgai dsxa vijsg oXiyai aiivvsiv caaf.;/ LI. rairag 

Hosted by 



ovv TXQOidovTeg ol KoqipO^ioi, >iai vnotonriGavrBg an 'Ad^ijt^oov uvai, 
ov][ oGug SQOQcov (klXa nleiovg, vnavs^caQOvv, 2. rolg 8s KsQHVQai- 
01 g, STiSTzlsov yaQ [laXlov sx rov acpavovg, ov'i scdqojvzOj xal idav- 
fia^ov lovg KoQvvdlovg nqviivav yiQavofxtvovg, ttqiv iiveg IdovTEg 
dnov OTi I'fjsg iy^Etvai IniTiliovGi' zote ds xcu airoi, dv£)[WQOvv, 
^vv£6K0ta^e yaQ i]8i], Kal ot KoQivdioi anorQanoiieroi 7?]v didlvoiv 
87TO(7]6avto. 3. ovzoo fA€v Tj dTtalXayi] iytreTO d7J^riX(x)v, }{a\ rj rav- 
liay^ia irslevta ig fvxra, 4. 7oTg KsQxvQaioig ds UTQaTonedsvofAS' 
voig im 7y y^EvyufAvrj at sixoai rrisg ai dno lav '^d-i]j'6ov avzaiy wv 
TjQ^s riav'Acov 78 6 ^sdyQOv Kal '^vdoxt8]]g 6 ylscoyoQOV, did twv 
I'syqmv favaylmv TiQOGKOixiad^slaaifj yajmlsov ig to (j^qaTons- 
dov, ov Tzolloj varsQov tj wcpdijoav. 5. ol ds KsQKVQaToif ^v ydq 
vv^, ECpo^ridriaav pj noXs^iai c^aiv, insiza ds syvGiaav na\ ooq- 

LII. Tj] ds varsQaia dvayo^svai alzs '^ztrAal rqidyiovta vrjsg 
iial zodv KeQKVQaicov oaat Trlmfwi //(T«^, snsnXsvaav mi tov iv loTg 
^v^OToig IdiAEva^ Iv m ol KoQivdioi coQfxovr, ^ovXofxsrot sidsvaj, si 
vavixa'/^iqaovGiv. 2. ol ds rag f.iev vavg dQarzsg dno tTJg y'fjg y,ai 
naQata^diASvot iLiSTsmQovg rjav'/^a^ov, favfiapag ov diavoov[xsvoi 
aqy^si'v sxovieg, oqoovisg nqoaysyswuisvag rs vavg ix 7&v ^Adr^v^v 
f/HQaicpvsig xal acpiai noXXd zd dnoqa ^vfi^sptjxoza, alxf^iaJ.atcov ts 
ttsqI qjvXaKTJg^ ovg iv ratg ravai.v sly^ov, xal iniGysvijv ovx ovaav rmv 
fscov iv XooQcq) iQ)]}. 3. tov ds oixads nXov fAaXXov disaxonovv 
onr^ yof.iiad'}]60V7aif dtdioTsg fxj] ol 'Adrivaloi vo^iaavTsg XsXvo'&ai 
tag anovdag, diori ig xsiQag ijXdov, ovk soocFt Gcpdg dnonXsiv. 
Llil. sdo^sv ovv avtoT.g drdqag ig ysX^ziov ifi^i^daavTag dvsv 
XYlQVKSioVy nqoaniiAipat rolg Adijvaloig xai nsTqav TTOirjGacjd^ai. 
Tii^uxpavTsg ts sXsyov roidds. 2. AdiysT.7£, od dvdqEg ^A&rivaiot^ 
TioXsiAov aQiovzeg ya\ anovdag Xvovzsg, fjfxtv ydg noXsfXiovg rovg 
Tj^STSQovg rif^tcoQOv^s'voig ifinoddyv lazaads onXa dvzaiQoiisvoi. si d 
viuv yvrnfir] iarl yooXvstv 76 rjuag ^^n KsQXVQav ij dXXoas si noi ^ov- 
XofAsda ttXsiv yal zdg anovddg Xvszs, ij^dg zovods Xa^ovzsg nqm- 
TOV XQi'l^aa^s cog noXsixioig, 3. ol ^sv dr] toiavza sinov tcov ds 
KsQyvQaicov to ^sv azqazonsdov oaov infixovasv, dvs^otjasv svd^vg 
Xa^SiV 7E avTOvg yai dnoyasXvai. ol ds "Ad^vaioi 70idds dnsxQi- 
vavTO. 4. OvTS aQioiiSv noXifiOv, oo dvdosg HsXonovvriaioi, ovts 

Hosted by 



fag GTiordag Xvoi^sf ' KsQuvQaioig de roiads ^viApid^oig ov(Ji ^or]{}oi 
tlXd-oiJiEv. H liiv ovv aXlo68 not ^ovXt6&e 7t7.hv, ov ^colvoixsv ' tl ds 
ini KtQX.VQav nlevaEt^Oe y Fg rav sxeivcov ri^ooQicoVf ov TieQioipof^sd^u 
Kara ro Svvazov, LIV. rotavia 7wv '^dTjvamv dTzoxQirafibvcov, 
01 118V KoQivd'ioi TOP Tfi Tilovv Tov lu oixov naQsaxevcc^orTO, xa] 
tQOnaiov 8c>r7](Tav ev roig tv ^y rjTreiQq) ^v^oroig' oi ds KsQxvQawi 
rd TS vavd^'ia xai rex^ovg drsilovto id xara GCpdg^ F^H'syOjtvra 
vno T€ TOV Qov xai dvtfiov, og yarofisvog Tijg vvxrog disc^xtdaatv 
avid nafxayj], xac rQonaiQv drrmir^aav iv loig ev ttj vr^aoi ^Jv^o- 
TOig wg vsfiKijKOteg, 2. fvco^n ds sxdrsgoi Totads trjV vUriv nqoa- 
snoiijaavtOo KqqivOioi ^h KQaTrj(jav2eg ri] vavfiay^la ijig^qi vvxtog, 
wars xai vavayia TtXEiaia xar venQOvg 7TQ0(JH0fita€C6&ai, xai avSqag 
exovtsg aiy{AaXG3T0vg ovk elaa^oi'g )[iXiwv, vavg ts xaTadvaavreg 
fTtQi i^doiAi^xopTa, 8Gzi]aav TQonaiov' KsQxvQaioi ds tQiccHOvra 
t>avg iJiahata diuqiOti^jafieg, nai insidt] ^A&rivaioi 7]Xd^0Vy dfsX6[J.6' 
voird xaxd 6q)dg aviohg ravdyia yju rexQavg^ xai on avroig zy re 
nQOzeqala nqvixvav xqovo^bioi vnEy^(OQriaav oi KoqIvQloi IdovTsg 
zixg 'AiTixag vavg^xai Entibq j^lOof ni AdqvaToi, ovx dvTen7.sov ix 
t03v 2Jv^otmv, did ravra TQonalor EoTtjaar. ovtoj jaev sxaiegoi vindv 


i' 1-iV. 01 ds KoQivdioi dnonXtovrtg In oiKov ^AvaxzoQioVy 6 
iariv ini to; crro/^otrt tou AfxnQaKtxov xoItzov, tilov dndtiy ijv dg 
xoivov KsQxvQaicor xai sxeivcop' xai. xataartjaavzeg ev avrcp Koqiv- 
\)iovg QixijrOQag drE^cogycrai^ In <nxov,, xai tSp KsQxvQaiojp oxia- 
xoaiovg (xev^ ol fjaav dovXoi, duEdorro, TZEVT'ijxovTads xal diaxoGiovg 
dr^cTapTsg kpvXaaaov xai ev d^EQansla el^ov noXXy, OTimg avroig rr/v 
KsQxvQa^ dTa^a-iQi]GapT8g nQoanontiaeiav, hvyiavov ds xal dvrdfASi 
avToov ol nXslovg ttqojtol ovrsg ryg TZoXsoog. 2. 7] fisr ovv KtQxvga 
ovro3 nsQiyiyvExai toj noXEfxco r^v KoqivOicov, xai at v7]Eg tcov 
Adrjpaimv dvs^ooQijaav i^ amrjg. ah la ds avrrj ngmrri syhsjo jov 
noXk\iov tolg KoQivOiotg Ig tovg^Ad^rivaiovg, on aq)L6ip ev (JTiovdaTg 
fistd KsQxvQaicor svavfiayovp. 

LVIr Meid rama d' svd^vg xai tads ^vrs^?] ysviaOai ^Adn- 
ruioig xai. risXoTioi'vrjdioig diacpoqa sg to TtoXs^etv. 2. twv ydc 
KoQivdicxiv TTQaaaovTcav oTzcog n^cogtiaovzai avrovg, vnoT07tr>GaV' 
isg tqv tjifgar avtwr oi \^Orivatoi riondaidzag, oi olnomiv i'/n 


Hosted by 



7<p lad^n^ Trig TlaXkriviig, KoQiv&imv aTZoixovg, savrcop ds ^vfifid- 
Xovg qjOQOV vnorsleTg, ineXsvov to ig UalXrivriv teiiog aaO^eleh xceS 
oui^QOvg dovvai,, lovg re iTndrjixtovQyovg iHnef^TTeiv, yuu to loinov firj 
di^^sad^at, ovg >iaTa hog sy^aoTov Ko^iv-dioi ms^nov, SeiaavTsg filj 
aTToaz^atr vno tb UsgdiKxav Tisid^ofzeroi xat KoQivditov, Tovg te 
iilXovg TOvg em QqaTiqg ^vra7706Ti]aco6t ^vfifzdxovg. LVII. Tavra 
ds TTQog TOvg noTtdatdtag o ^^d^r^t^awt 7TQ07iaQeaKevoiL,ovTO svOvg 
i^iera tijv iv Ksquvqcc ravfiaxiccf. 2, oi Te yag KoQivd^ioi cpavsQag 
fidt] didqjOQOi ijaav, riegdixKag le 6 '^Xs^dvdQOV MaKidorosv paat- 
Itvg snenolefxcoto ^vfifia^og 7tqot8qov xai q^lXog cov. 3. InolB^c^drj 
bs on flhliTiTKp TO) mvrov ddtlcpcp >iai /Itgda xoivri nQog avivp 
hiavTtovfievoig oi '^di]vaiot ^viAfxaxiav hnonjGafto. 4. dsdicog ts. 
STTQaaaev, eg ts ttjv ylay^sdai^ova Tts^ncor oncog itoXe^iog yivijrai 
avzoTg Tzgog TltloTiovvi'iGiovg, rovg KoQiv&lovg TtQoaenoiUTo Tyg 
UoTibaiag mxa dnoardaemg. 5. TTQoaeqjtgs ds Xoyovg kcu Toig 
im QQaxr^g XaXxidemi xcu Bomaioig ^vpanoarrivai^ fOfiiXoor^ u 
^v^liayia Tuvra s^ot of^ioga opt a tu ycoQia, Qaop dp top TxoXsfiop 
liBT avzwv TTOiEia&ai. 6. oov ol ^A&rivaiof alcdoix^poi yai ^ovXo- 
usvot 7TQoy.aTaXafjt^dveip toop ttoXscop Tag dnoGTaaetg^jSTvyop ydg 
TQidaovTa ravg anoaTtXXopTsg ytai yiXiovg o ag stti, tijv yriv 
avTov, ^AgyscTQaTOv tov ^vxoj^r/dovg p,eT dXXmr dtxa GTQaT7]yovp- 
Tog^\mi(3TtXXov(Ji Toig aQyovat tSp p£mp UondauiTOJp ts cfiijQOvg 
Xa^HV xat TO Ti-e)[0g Ha&aXsiPj Tmv ts nXri^iov ttoXeoov cpvXaxijv '^%up^ 
OTTCog ^rj dnoGTTidoPTai. IjVIII. UoTidaidTai ds nsfxipavTsg fisp 
aal Tiag ^A\^rivaiovg nQea^eig, si naig TTSiosiav ^^ nqj^tv nsQi 'PsmTe 
Qi^sip fAJjdsp, sXd^opTsg ds xac ig ttjp Aaxsdaif^opa fiSTa Koqip&Iojp, 
[^S77Qa6^(jop^ oncog SToifidaiupTo TifxcoQiap, ?jp dsri, snsidq sx ts 'A&t]- 
paicop S'A noXXov nqdcaoPTsg ovdsp ipgopro smTr^dstop, dXX al pTJsg 
al Ini McvAtdopiap ^cti sni aqidg ofioimg snXsoPy xai tcc tA?^ tmp 
ylaHsdaiiA^opicop vnsaysTO avToTg, 7]p int UoTidaiap icoaiv 'Ad^fjpaloi^ 
sg t)]v ^ATTtm]p SG^aXstp, tots drj yiaTcc top xaiQov tovtop dqjiaTav-, 
Tai ^sTa XaXxidsoup xai BozTiamr yoivy] '^vpOfioaavTsg. 2. ytal 
IIsQdtxxccg nsi&si XaXxidsag, Tag stti daXaaay noXstg SKXinovzag 
K(x« 7iara^aXoPTag, apoiyuaaa-^ai sg OXvv&op, ^m'^' ts tzoXip TavTri'S' 
iayvQar noiqaaGdai * Tolg ts saXmovai Tomoig trig savTOv y7]g T-tjg 
Mvydonag nsqt Ttjf BoX^riv Xqtrtjp sdojxs psfAsadai, scog ar 6 ttqo^^ 

Hosted by 


LIB. I. CAP. LIX — LXII. 27 

Adtivalovg noXeiiog ij. xal ol jasv dvopyj^ovio rs xaOaiQovtTeg tod^ 
TTolsig am eg nolsfxov TraQeaxtvd'CovTO. LIX. al ds TQiaKoina 
i'TJsg rav '^d^r^vaicov aqjotvovprczi Eg tcc sm Qoaxi]g, xal y.aralaix- 
^avovai 771V Tlotidaiav zdlla dcp£az7]x6Ta. 2. foufaavTsg di 
01 6TQatyyoi ddvvaia tlvai TTQog za IJeQdrA'Aav nolh^itTP Ty naQOvai 
dvvd^ei xal red ^vracpsaToora xo^QiUj iQmovtai Im t:]]v MuHtooviar. 
Eqj o-7Z£Q xai TO TiQoreQOV e^an^iAnovzo, xoct 'AaiaaidfTeg inoltfjiovv 
f.i87(jc flHliTiTTOv Kcu jojv /lb()dov ddtXcfwv drcoOtv GTQczTia la^e- 

LX. Kai iv Tovrq-) ol KoQivOioi^ rJ^g IJoTidafag dcptaifiKViag rmv ArrrA^v pswv fiEQi Maxsdoriav ovnm>^ dedioreg 7ie()l toj 
looQicp xai oIaeIov tov yavdvvov tjyovfMvoi, ntiJinov<Jiv savicZv rt- 
iOelovtdg, tav dllcxiv nelonovvijomv uiaOq-) neiaavreg, s^axo- 
oiovg yac ^iliovg Tovg ndvrag onXizag ycu. xpilovg jgzQayooiovg. 
2. SGTQazfjyui ds avroov ^^Qiatevg 6 '^deifxdvroVj yard qilrav re 
avTOv ovj^ ijKiaxa ol Tileiazoi ix Koqlv&ov azQaziojTat idelorzal 
^vrtcnovio ' rjv ydQ zoig riozidaidzaig dsi tzots inizrjdtiog. 3. you 
dcprAvovvtai reaaaQaxoGjri iJi^^QC/. vaxtqov ml Ogdyrjg y riotidiua 
dniarq. LXI. ifkde ds ya] rotg ^Adrivaioig thx^vg rj dyysXta tojv 
TioXecdv 071 acpsazdai' yai TxtfiTiovaiv, mg ria&ovzo yai 7ohg fieza 
^QiGTBcog Ininaqmnag^ 8ta)(^iXiovg ^sav76ov onXiTag ya) 78a6aQdyoV' 
7a vcivg TTQog za dcpBarmza, yai Ka7JJav 7ov KaXXiddov nBiinzov 
avzop 07Qa7riy6v. 2. oV dcpiyofiiifoi eg Maxsdoriav tzqoozov ya7a- 
Xafx^dvovoi 7 0vg TTQOztQOvg ^iliovg QtQ^iiiv aQzi yQ^yorag yai 
Uvdvav 7ToXiO(jyovv7ag, 3. TZQoayaO tKofAE} oi ds yai- avioi r//j^ 
llvdvav £77oXi6oyyaav fAtr, STztfia ds tiVfi^uaiv Txoujaa/Asroi yai 
^v^ifA.a'/^iav dvayyaiav TZQog 7ov Usgdiyyav, cog avzovg yazriTTSiysv ?/ 
IJozidaia yai 6 'Aoio78vg TxaQsX'riJ.vdmg, dnavlozavzai sk zqg 
Mayedoriag, yai dq^iyaiAei'Oi eg BeQOia^- ydytidtv eniajQexpavzeg. 
4. ya\ Tisigdoavzeg tzqcozop 70v '/(oqlov yai ovy^ sXorieg, enOQSvovzo 
yazd y7]v TZQog ttji' Jloridaiaf, rQia/iXioig fisv brrXiraig savzcov^ 
Xosglg ds t^v ^vfAfAd^^oov noXXoTg, Innsvai ds s^axoatoig Blaysdovcot 
70ig fi87d (I^tXirTTZOV yai Uavo-aviov' a^ia de fi/sg naQenXsov s^do- 
^iijxovza. ya7 oXiyov ds TT^oo'iovzeg 7Qi7aioi acpi.yovzo eg Fiymvov 
yai e6TQazonsdsvaav70. LXll. Tloiidaidzai ds yai ol fiezd 
'AQWT^mg nsXonovrtjcnoi, nQOodsyo^itvoi zovg 'y^O^qrafovg, ioTQa- 

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28 eoTKTziiziOT srrrFAfPii^. 

tOTisdevovro ngog "OXvv&q} iv rw la&iucp^ xca ayoQCtv sjoo r^g ttoXsoo^ 
^ntnoup'zo. 2. arqatriyov uav rou ?tt^ov navjog ol ^vfifxa^ot riQtjr^ 
JO 'y^{>iOTtu, 7r^g ds Innov Ihgdl-Axav ' ansffz?] yag ev&vg ndlw 
iG)y '^Oijfaiojv ^vrtiid'/^H lolg TJoTidaimaig, 'loXaov dvd^ 
avTOv xataGTijaag aQiovra. 3. riv d? ?/ yvojfATj rov ^AQiaz^mg, to 
tAsv fAsO' Havjov (J7Qa707ztdor sy^ovTi tv 7co la&fic^ S7nT?]QsTr rovg 
'^Otjpaiovg, Tiv STiiooai, Xalxidea'g ds xai rovg t^o) ladiiov ^vfAfid-' 
y^ovg, y.ui iriv nagcc UsgdixKOv 8iax( oiav Innov Iv '0),vv\^ n (i8vsiv ' 
y.ui oTCiv '^d'ljvaloi Ini acpdg y^mgrnai, -Aaia vcotov ^oridovvrag iv 
f-iir'acp noiHv avToov lovg TToXtf^iiovg. 4. KaXlcag d' av 6 tkiv "AOti- 
vaiojv aiQcijiiyhg Kai ol ^vvaQ'^ovtag lovg ^x^v McvAtdovag Innmg 
iiai Too'i' ^ufAfAay^oir oliyovg 8771 'OIvpOov dnOTTtfiTTOvaiv, oncog hq- 
yoj6i Tovg SKtiOsv imfioTj&H'P, avioi. 5' ccpaGtijaavzeg to OTQaione- 
dov symQOvv inl 7)]V Uoxidaiav. 5. yioi. ineidi] TiQog t^ laOfAqi 
syspoptOj nai sidov 'tovg Ivavzlovg TraQaoKSva^o^Asrovg cog sg fidpp>, 
di^TixadiGTavTo xal ocvtol. yiai. ov noXv vgteqov '^vvi^wyov. 6. xoft 
avro fxsv to tov '^Qfaztwg yisqag, xai oaoi nsQt Ixeivov ijaav Ko- 
Qivdmv 7s xal rm dlXaw Xoyddsg, ijQtxpavro to yiaO' iaviovg 
BTZs^riXdov diGJxovrtg inl tzoXv ' to Ss dXXo atQaroTzedov rav ts 
Tloiidaiaiojv xai. toov JJeXonovvqaiGiv ^(T(T«to vno zmv ^A&iivalo^v 
'Aot ig TO Tei^og xartqwyev. LXIII. i7rapa][coQ6ov ds 6 ^Aqiaxsvg 
dno Trig dico'^eojg cog oqa to dXXo (jTgdtsvfAa TjaGrK^tvov, rjTTOQrjas 
fASv OTiOTeQcoas diaKivdvvavari y^o^Qri^ag, tj ini Ttjg'OXvv&ov i] ig T^rjv 
UoTtSaiaVf sdo^s d' ovv ^vvayayovn TOvg fisd^' savTOv cog ig iXdyi- 
(STOv y^coQioVy dqofACp ^idaactdat ig Tqv Uozidaiav. xcu TzaQrjXde 
nuQCi zi'iv %riX)iv did Trjg daXdcsarig ^aXXofASvog ts xal '/^al^Hncog, 
oXiyovg fAbv zivag dno^aXcov, tovg ds nXsiovg acocag, 2. ol d^ dno 
trig 'OXvvdov toig UoTidaidrfug ^oridoi, dnBy^si ds i^rjxovta ^idXi- 
ata azadiovg kcu sati xaracpcf-vsg^ cog 'ij f^d^fj iyiyvszo y.cii rk dTjiAEia 
•IqQdri, ^Qay^v fAsv ti TTqoqXdov dog ^ot]{)^oovTsg, xal ol Maxsdorsg 
Innliig dvtmaQSTaiavzo cog ncoXvaovtsg * insidq ds did tdyovg rj 
vUri TOOV AOtji'aifjov iyiyvszo xai td CF7]^.sIa 'AcczeandaO/j, ndXiv 
inaveyicoQovv ig jo tsTy^og xat ol Maxsdovsg Tzaqd Tovg Ad^ijvaiovg' 
innlqg S ovdsriQOig naQsysvovro. o. fASza ds itjv fAd)(^r]r TQOnaiov 
mT}]oav ol ^A&rivaloi xai tovg fsxQolg vnoanovdovg dnidoGav ToXg 
TIoTidaidtatg. dnsd'avov ds UoTidcaaTdiv i^iev xou tmv ^v^fidyjo^ 

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oliycp iXdaaovg rQiaxoaioov^ "'Adiivaimv ds avrmv TTsvri^KOVTa am 
ixazop xat Kakllag 6 (yrqaT^yog. LXIY. ro d^ ek rov iadiAOv 
iHlog Ev&vg oV^Adri'valoi anozHylGavx^g ixpQOVQOvv ' to d* eg iriv 
IlallT^vqv atei^KJTOv qv ' ov yaq iy.avoi ho^u'Qov dvai sv -re jcp 
iaOfAm cpQovQeTv xai ig rijv IlalXrJTrjv dia^dvztg rsi^iXtiv, dtdiozsg 
ii)j aqjiatr oi riozidaid,Tai >iai ol ^vf^fAa^^Oi yiyj^oi^&yoig biia Inidodv- 
7iu. 2. nvvd^avofxtvoi ol Iv tJ tzoXh "Adrjvcuoi r^^ IlaXhjvriV 
atHyiGTOv ovaav^ XQovq^ varegov Ttt^novaiv s^axociovg uai iiXiovg 
onXirag savrMv aal 0oQ(xio!}va zov ^Aocxiniov GTQat^yif. bg dq)f 
m^jievog ig ztjp IlaXlrjrrjp aal s^ ^Acfvriog OQiytrnfie^og, ^^-t^i^'^yaYS r?] 
IJoTidaia Tov GtQarov xaia ^Qd^^ 77Qomv %ai xeigoav ccfuz tip yljv. 
cog ds ovdsig en8E,r^u ig [^(ix^v, dnezei^^Kje to sk Tt/g UaXlrivri^ luypg ' 
3. not ovzcog ijdi] xQcHtog -r] TIoTidaia diAcporsQCs^cv znohoQ- 
xsiro, >:al Ik d^ald(J6rjg vavcjiv a(xa i(pOQ[A,ovaaig. LXY.* ^A{)iorevg 
ds dnOTSiy^KsdelGrig avz'ijg am IXnida ovde^iav s^^cov 6C0T7]Qiagj tjv ^q 
zi dno UsXoTTOvvtJGOv 7] dXXo TiaqdXoyov yiyy^zm, ^vvs^ovX^.vs fxsv 
TrXrjv TzevzaaoGiooy avsiAOv zijQqaaai zoTg dXXoig ixTzXevam, ojicog 
ml TzXtov alrog dvTta](^ri, aal avzog ij'&eXs zooy f/^efovzoov thai, dg 
d* ova S77Si&€, ^ovX6(jtsvog zk mi zovzoig naQaaasvat^siv, aai OTzmg 
zk t^cod^av s^si cog aQiGza, eanXovv noislzai Xa{}(ov rriv qivXuKf^v 
zS)v "Adfivaicov, 2. aai naqaiievcov sv XaXaidsvai zd zs aJ-iV. 
moXi^si aai ^SQfxvXicov Xoy^riaag nqog ttJ tioXh /zoXXovg dtEg)d'eiQf¥^ 
sg rs zijv UeXoTTOVfTjaov inQacsGev OTTtj coqieXstd rig yevijaezm 
3. iJLtzd ds zT]g IJozidaiag Z7]v dTzorei^iaiv 0OQfxi(oi> fxsv s^cov zoW 
s^aao6Lovg aai itXiovg ri^p XaXaidiatjv aai Bozxiariv id'^ov, aai sGzi* 
a aai TZoXia/jiaza slXs. 

LXVI. Tort,' 5' 'A'&7]i>aioig aai UaXonovvijaioig alziai fxh 
avrai nQoaysyivrivzo ig dXXyXovg ' zoTg fAsr KogivOioig, hzi zijp 
JJozidaiav iavzcov ovoav dnoiaiav aai dvdqag Koqvvdicov zs aai 
TlsXonovvrialcov iv avzg ovzag STZoXioQaovv ' zoig 8' Adrpaioig ig 
tovg TJsXoTTOvvijaiovgt oxi iavzmv , zs noXiv ^v^Aiiay^ida aai opoQO^ 
vttozsXtJ aTzsazTjaav, aai iX&opzsg aq}iaiv ano zov nQoq)avovg ifAa- 
10VT0 fASzd Tlozidaiazcov. ov {asvzoi o ys noXspiog nco ^vfsoQcoysi^ 
dXX hi dyaacopj ijv idla ydg zavza ol KoQivd-ioi sTTQa^av, 
LXYII. noXiOQaoviAsvTjg ds zlqg Uozidaiag ov^ Tjov^a^oVj dydg^p ts 
(S(pi<siv ivovzcov aai a^a nsqi tq) xcoqlop dsdiozsg ' naqsadXovv t^ 

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30 eoTKT/iiAOT ^TrrPA^iiis, 

svdvg sg rrjv ydaxedaifAora zovg ^vfifid](^ovg >iai. 'Aare^ocov iXdortsg 
Tav ^Adijvamv on anovddg th leXvxorsg tier xai ddixoTev tijv Tle- 
lo7i6vri]6Gi'. 2. AlyirriTcu th cpavsoag [asp ov TTQSoPavofisroi, d^dio- 
Tsg tohg Ad^ipalovg, 'AQvcpa ds, ov-/^ rjHiaza {xsz avrmv mnjyov rov 
noleitov, Xsyovreg ovk eircu amovo^oi xaTcc idg anovbag. 3. oi 
ds ytaaedaifAovioij TrQoanaQaTialsaavzsg roov ^v^ixayo^viTs) 'Am ei 
Tig Ti dXXo ecpt] rjdrArjaOai vno ''Adi]vai(0Vj ^vXloyov Gq)m' avrav 
noifjaavjeg tov tiGydora Xsysiv ixeXsvov. 4. aai aXXoi rs uaqiov- 
zeg syKXyfxaia InoiovvTO cog rAaGioi xal MayaQljg^ dr^Xovvrsg ia8v 
KOI itsoa OVA hXiyci didcpOQa, fidXiara 8s XifAt'pcov te HQy^aOai tojv 
iv TTi ^yddrivaicov aQyjj ^^^^ '^V^' Airr/Sjg dyoQcig naQci rag 67tor8dg> 
5. naQtXdovreg 8s reXsviaioi KoqipOioi, acu zovg dXXovg Id^aavTsg 
nqmrov Trago^wai rovg yJaAsSaijioviovg, snsTnov Toid8s. 

LXYIII. To 711670V vfidg, 00 Acvas8ch^6vioi, Trjg x«0"' vpidg 
avrovg TtoXirsiag xai Ofii.Xlag dmxrrorsQOvg sg rovg dXXovg, fjV ti 
XsyG)fX£v, v.OLd'iaTtjai ' xai dn avTov aoocpQoavvrjP fAsv s^stSj dixadta 
81 nXiovi TTQog rd s^co nqdyiiaTci XQ^j^^'^^ 2. noXXdmg ydq ttqo- 
ayoQSvovTcov rui^v d ifxsXXofiev vtto ' yidrjvaiav ^Xdnrea&ai, ov 
7tBQ\ cov l8i8da>ioiASv sAaaTots tijv lAd&tjcji.v snoisXad^s, dX7.d T&iv 
XsyovToov iidXXov vnavoslie cog evsKa rt^v avroig l8la 8taq)6()cov Xs 
yovai' Aoci 8i avzo ov tiqiv nuGyisiv, dXX snsi8ri sv Tcp sQycp saiisv, 
zovg ^v^fid^ovg T0va8e Tragsyi also ate, iv olg TiQoari'ASi ruidg ov^ 
7]}iiara sltysTv, ocrcp acu fjisyi67a iyAXruiaTu sy^ojASv, vno ^ Adrj- 
pafcov vpQi^o^usvoi.j vno 8s vuSv ci^s7.ov^svoi. 3. aai si yisv dqjavscg 
nov ovrsg rj8rAovv tijv 'EXXd8a, 8[8aGxaXiag dv cog ovk sl86(Jt nQoa- 
s8si. vvv 8s Ti 8si {xaxQijyoQSiv, cov zovg ^xsv 8s8ovXcofi8vovg OQare^ 
toTg 8 mipovXsvovrag avrovg^ xai ovy^ rjxiaia roTg ij^srsQOig ^vfx- 
udy^otg Am sx noXXo'v nqonaqsGASvaaiisvovg^ si ttots TZoXsfAr/aovim, 
4. ov ydq dv KeQxvgav te VTZoXa^ovrsg pla Ijiaoov slyov Aoi TIoti- 
8mav snoXiOQAOvv^ cov to jasv miAmpoTarov yoogiov Tigog tu sni 
Sgd^Tjg dnoyQij^dm, tj Ss vavtiKor dy fAtytarov naqicsis UsXotzov- 
^yjaioig. LXIX. ^ai ro3v8e vfiug aUioi, to ts ngmiov sc/Mavrsg 
avTOvg Tr]v noXiv fAsrd Ta M7]8rAd Aoaivvai aui vojeqov toj fiaAqd 
GTiij6m Tslyriy eg Tods ts dec dnoarsQOvvjsg ov ^lovov rovg vri sasi- 
vcov 8s8ovXco^svovg slsvOsqlag, dXXd nm Tovg vuszsqovg fi8i] ^vfxfxd' 
^(ovg, ov ydq 6 8ovXco6diAsvog, dXX 6 8vvdfi£vog (jlsv TzavGm, rrsqh 

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LIB. I. GAP. LXX. 31 

OQOov ds, ahjdiazBQOv auio dga, sittsq >iai irjv d^icoaiv tijg a()sr7]g 
wg iXev^BQ^v tyiv 'ElXdda qjSQSTcu. 2. fioXig ds vvv t£ ^vv)]l&0fi6v 
ucLi ovds vvv im qjarsQolg. 'iqIjv yaq ovx el adiKOV(XB&a hi cxoTieTv, 
alia Ka&' oti a^vvov^tda. ol yvcQ dQ^ptsg (it^ovlBVfievoi TZQog ov 
disp'ooKOTag ridq xal ov fisllovrsg IntQ'^orjaL. 3. x«i miGTdjLia&a 
ola 6d(p 01 ^ ^d rjvaZoi on y^aj oKyov iCkiQovaiv mi rovg ntlag. 
aai lavd^dvuv fxsv oiofiepoi dia to avaiaif'qtov vf^aip fi<jaov d^aQQCv- 
<ji ' fvovTEg ds tldotag naQiOQciv iaivQwg eyxEidorzai, 4. tj(jv)^d^e7:s 
ya{) fxovoi 'Ell'^voov, oo ^aKsdai^onoi, ov rri dvvdftsi rivd dlld ry 
fiellijGEf dpivvofuroi, xai ftovoi ovk aQ^ofiEvr^y rriv av^VjOiv tmv 
b^&qSp, diTilamov^ivijv ds Kocralvorreg. 5. xairoi elsyead's dacpa- 
leig shatj cov dga 6 loyog rov sQyov EXQdtsi. top re yaQ Mi]8ov 
avzol la^ev h^ TTegdrcav yljg nQoregov em xtjv TlelonovvYiaov lld6.v- 
■za, 7] Ta Ttaf) vftosv d^icog TTQoanavriqaai^ ya\ <pvv 70vg '^{)}]vaiovg 
ov)^ sxdg, (oansQ exEiPOi', dlX syyvg oviag TTEQioQccie, nai dvti rov 
msld^Eiv avzol ditvvEd&ai fovleaOe ^uillov kmovzag^ tg zv'/^ag 
TZQog nollm dwazcoregovg dyoivi^onevoi 'Adzaaz'qvat, STTKjzdfisvoi 
Km 70V ^aq^uQOP uvtov tzeqi avzcp za ttIeico acpalevra, xai TiQog 
avxovg rovg '^d7jt'aiovg Tzolla tjiidg ridtj zoig dfiaQzi^^aoir avzojv 
fidllov 7] zy dcp rjiAojv zificoQta:, neQiyeyeyriiitvovg * enet ai ye v^ezsQai 
slnldeg i]di] zivdg nov anaQaaKSvovg did zb TncrzEmai Ecp&eiQav. 
6, 'Aou ^ride]g vficov sir ex&Qa zo n7Jov // aizia voftiarj tads leyead'ai. 
alzia iiBV ydq cpilo^v dvdQoov iuuv dfiagzavovzcov' y.azi]yoQia ds 
sx^Qav ddiKijadvzoDv. LXX. xai a^xa, eineg zivsg hcu allot, vofii- 
^ofiEv a^ioi Eivai toig Tzslag ipoy.ov EnsvEyy^eiv, dllcog za fisyd- 
l(x)v zmv diacpsQOVzmv xa&Eazmzmr, tieqi cov ov>i alaQdvEodai tj^Tv 
ye doxeize, ovd^ ixloyiaaa&ai nc^nore ngog oiovg viiiv Adrivaioig 
ovzag 'Aou ogov v^^mv nai dog ndv diu<peQovzag 6 dycov eaiai. 2. ol 
lisv ye vemzaQonoiol y.cfA. mivoTqaai o^eig yai enizeleaai EQyq) o dr 
yvc36iv' vfxeTg de zd vnaQiovzd ze (jcoteip xai iniyv^pai fi)]dEP 
egycp ovds zapay-Aaia eirASffdai. 3. av&ig ds oi ^ep xal naqd. dv- 
rapiip roliiijTac y>a} naoa yvcoiAijv yivdvvevzai kui mi zolg deiroTg 
tvilnideg' zo ds vfitzEQOv zJjg ze dvpccfisojg irdEd ngat^ai, zTjg ze 
yrcofujg firjds zotg [^e^aioig niazevaai, zodp ze deivoDP fJiijdmoze oie- 
6\}ai d7rolv0)]6e(70ai. 4. yen '^ap^v xai doxvoi nqog vudg fAelli]zdg 
Hal dnodtjfirjzai rrgo^ erdijuozdzovg. oiovtai yag ot jisv r^ aTTOvaif 

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32 0OTKTJ iJOT srrrFjiaur^, 

y^gatovpttg re tojv i^d^Qojv em ti1h6tov e'^tQ'^ovr at ^ '/ah vrAOjatiin 
In sXd'/^iorop avaninzovaiv. 5. ht bi roig u^v acofxaoiv uHotqico- 
jdroiL; vTitQ tTJg noleoog ^[QoovrcUj 7/] ypcofilJ St ol'AtioidTij fV '?<^ 
TZQCiOGHv Tt vTiBQ avzJjg. 6. xol (i piiv UP 877ifo/joapzi:^ fit] i^tXOco 
oii'f olxeia aztQaaO^at ijyovvtai' a d' av tntX\)6vTtg yiT/jaoovTai, 
oily a nqog ik {AslXorra ivytiv nQd^avitg. ijv d* UQa yau rov ntiQa 
acpal^aiv, dvTtlniaa'vr^g dXla InhjQmaav Jfjv iQtlav. ^lorot ya^ 
'i'^ovoi T8 ofAOLOjg Kui tXnl'Covciiv a av iTzivo/jocoai, Sni to ra'/eTav 
71JV i7tr/£iQ7]arp noma&ai oov av yvc^ai. 7. yAii zavra ixtia novav 
Tzdvra xai yivdv'voov di' olov rov aloopog ^o'/^O^ovai' yat d7io7.avovaiP 
iXd)[i67a zcov vnaq'ipvzm^' Sid zo at} yzda&at, yai ^fjzs soQZi^w 
alio zi ijyEia&ai // zo zd dtovza TZQa^at, ^vptcpogdv zs ov^ r^aaov 
r^av^iav aTTQayfiova // da'^/Ayliav Ininovov. 8. oiais el zig avzovg 
^vvtlmv cpaiq 7T8cpvyJvai mi z(p fA/]Z8 avzovg 'iitiv ijGV/^iav^ fi/jis 
zovg dllovg dvOQconovg idv, oQ&i^g av tlnoi. LXXI. zavjqg 
fitviof zoiavzijg dvziyad'tGzt^yviag noltcogy co ^ayadai^ovioiy dta- 
^illszE' yai olmOe rijv liov^iav oh zovzoig zwv dvd^QCOTiojv im 
tjIhozov aQKBiv, ol av zri ii^v ^a^aaxsff] dixaia nQdaaayoij zri da 
yrcofA-ij, riv ddixcovzat, driloi cod/, ^// iniTQiiipovTsg ' dlX Ini z(^ |ti^ 
IvTiHP zs dllovg yai avzoi df4vv6fJ.svoi ^ju] ^Idnz^ai^ai zo 'laov vt- 
fj.8Z£. 2. fiolig d^ dv Tzolei o^Jtola TzaQOixovvzsg izvy]fdv£zs zovrov 
vvv d\ oTTtQ yai aQZi idijloioa^ev, aQpuozQona vfiojv zd STnzijdav- 
^aza TZQog avzovg iaziv. drayx?] d coGTZtQ zt'^/^PTjg am za S7T(yiyvofA.sva 
yqazHv, 3. yai t]6vy^a^ovC) rj fxsv ttoIei zd dyiV7]za v6f.uf.ia aQiaza, 
77{)og TTolld ds dvayyat,OfA.svoig Uvai Tiollijg yal ztjg ETzize^^v/jaeag 
dtL, diOTteg yai zd zoqv ^Adtivalcxiv duo ZTJg TzolvTisiQiag im nlmv 
vfimv KEyaLvcozai,. 4. i^t)^Qi- fisv ovv zovds coqigOoi Vfjiap ?) ^Qadv- 
z/jg' vvv ds zoig zs dlloig xai Hozidaidzaig, ojgtisq VTzeds^aads, 
^oijd/jaaze xazd zdyog eo^alovzsg sg zqv ^Azziyqv, Iva firj dvdgag 
zs qjilovg yai tvyysvslg tolg sy^OlaTOig nQoqa&s, yai ijfAag zovg 
dllovg ddvfxia nqog szsqav ziva S^vfifAay^iav ZQSipijZS. 5. d()(^fiS'& 
d' dv ddiyov ovdsv ovzs ngog ds&v zojv oqxioov ovzs nqog dvOgco- 
7ZC0V z(ov alaOavofisvoav. Ivovai. yag ariopddg ovy^ ^^ ^^' igrifxlaf 
iillotg TtQOGiovTsg, dlX ol f-uj ^orjOovpzsg oig dv ^vvofnoocoG!, 
0. ^ovlofisvcav 8s vfimv nQO&vficov thai usvovfitv ovts yag oaia df 

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uoioT^ev fA8Ta§aXX6iAevoi. ovre ^vnjOtartQOvg hv Jillovg tvQOifiLv. 
7. TiQog zdds ^ovlsvsoOs tv, y,al ri'.v ntloTTOfVijaov TH-iQaaOe ^ij 
iXaaacx) 8^7]]'HoOai // ol na^tQsg vfAtv naQtdoaav, 

JiXXIl. Toiavza ixsv oi KoQii'dioi tlrtov. 7&v ds ^Adrpamv 
67vx^ )'ccQ 7iQ8(J^8ia TtQor^Qov Iv TTj ^lay.Ldaifiort tz^q). aXlcov naQov- 
(ja, Kui cog ya&O'Pro roor XojtjoVj tdo^ev avToig naQirrizta sg zovg 
Aa-atdaiuoriovg ehai, iodv {.ilv syxhjfidzoyv nbQi ixrfiav aTToXoyrjao- 
fAB'Povg COP al noXeig srexdXovp, d}]X6jcfcu ds ntQi tov navxog, cog oh 
icv^ic^ig avioTg ^ovXbvtsov su], dXX ir TiXeiori Gxsrrrtor. xai a^xa 
ZTiV (JcpsjtQap TtoXiv i^jovXovTO or]fA,7jpai. oaTj eh] bvvaixiv, vno- 
fAvriaiv Ttoiriaciadcu zolg r£ TtQtcj^vTtQoig cov ydeoav xul toig recozs- 
Qoig ih]yf]6fv cov dneiQOi ijauv, voixit^ovteg fxdXXov kv avrovg ek im 
Xoycop TTQog to rjav^d^eiv tQaTrm&ai ?] nqhg to noX^iieiv. 2. ttqog- 
tX&opieg ovp toig AaxtdaifAOvioig tcpacyav ^ovXeadai xal airol 
ig TO TiXijd^og avicov htzeIp, h tl ^rj dnoxcoXvoi. 3. oi d syielsvov 
T8 STTitpai, xal TzaQsXd^opzeg at Adipaioi sXeyov zoiade. 

LXXIIL 'H fitv TTQta^tvoig ijucop ovx ig dvriXoyiav toig vixs- 
ztQOig ^v^ftd^oig iysi'Sio, dXXd neqi oov rj noXfg STJSfiipev' aiaO^o- 
lisvoi ds yaia^ofp ovx oXIyijv ovaav rifj.(Op TiaQriXdofisVj oh roig 
iyKX)] rojv nultcnv dvzEQOvvnc^ oh yaq naqa dixaaraig vfxiv 
ovrs riiioov ours tou7 0jp ol 7jjyoi av yiyvoivzo, dXX o^icog iatj Qadicog 
ttsqI fisydXcov Tzqayfidzcov zoig ^vf^fAa^oig TZSidofxeroi y^tiQOP ^ovXev- 
a7]6d8, 'Aol kfxa ^ovX6^8voi nsql xov navzog Xoyov rov sg ij^iag 
yadtdtcorog dijXooaact, cog ovza aTisixozcog e)[ a xextrjfAS^ay rj te 
noXig TifAoov diia Xoyov sari. 2. y,ai rk ^xsv Tzavv naXaia zi del X^ysip, 
(OP axoai fj-aXXor 7.6ycov ^aQZVQsg rj oiptig rcor axovcjoi^sfcor ; za ds 
Mridixk ya) oaa ahzo] ^vpiaze, 8i xal di o^Xov fxaXXop sgzcu ast 
fTQO^aXXofxsvotg, didyyq Xt'ystp' yia yaQ oz8 idQcofAsr, en cocpsXsia 
8Ki.fdvrsvszo, i]g zov iisv SQyov fibQog [.isThxszE, zov ds Xoyov fxi] 
navzog, si zi cocpsXsT, azsQiaymiAsda. 3. Qtjx^riGszaf, ds ov nciQai- 
Zf]6e(og fAciXXov I'psya rj ixaQTVQiov y.a\ drjXcoascog nQog oiav vfuv 
7i6X(v fU] bl ^ovXsvofASvoig 6 ay cor yazacj (otriai. 4. cfafisv yUo 
Magcidc^Pt ZB fiO'poi Tigornvdvpsvaai zm ^aQ^dQco ycu ors zo vazs- 
Qov riXd^sr, ov^ Ixcivol ovzsg yark yijv dfivPScyOai ea^czvisg eg rag 
vavg Travdijfxsl h> ^vP'Pavfiax'fJGC^iy onso ta^s ^a/. yara nol^g 
{ivzhv minlJovta z'tjv nt7.07t6rvri60v noQdstv, advvdzcor av ovzcof 


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nqhg vavg nolXag aXhjloig ini^orj&eti', 5. tSK^/jQtov ds fx^yKJTot 
amhg inoirjGB' fiK7]ds}g yciQ lalg i^avaiv, cog ovyJii avzo) ofAoia^ 
ov6yi^ Tijg dvvdfAsmg, xaiardxog iqiTiltovt rov azQarov avs^coQijatv. 
LXXIY. toiovzov ixtfTOi ^vfi^idrrog tovzov, xat oag)6jg di]lcoOi:i'- 
tog &'C(. sy 'Tcug vavat tcop 'EXlrft'cop la rtQay^aTa eytisro, tqia ra 
i.<)Cfe?JficoTUia ^g ahih naQsaxofieOa^ aQidfAOv is ieoci'V ttXhGcOV xai. 
aidQti arQa^ijyov ivveimzaiov xai nQoO-vfdav d,OKP07aii]v, vavg ^tv 
ys ig 'lag nTQaaoGiag oliycp sXduaovg dvo fioiQOdp, Qsfii6T:oxXta ds 
aQj(^ovia, og aiiicoraiog ev 7q) Grepcp I'avfiayjjaat synvsTO, ottsq 
aaq)80iai'a sacoas ^d 7TQd/}A,ata, xal avxov did rovio vfiHg dt] [xd- 
hara izifttiGafE dfdQa ^epop zojv cog v^dg il-Oovtoov. 2. ngoOv- 
^uav bi xal ttoXv 7:oXi.irjQOidi}]v idsi^a^sv, oi ye, 87Z8i8/j j^fiiv xata 
yifjv ovSslg 8[3o}]det, ^oov dXXcov ijdri ^ty^Qi rifioop dovXsvopicop, t/^ig)- 
oafAS'p, txXiTTOPieg TrfP noXiv xai rd orASia diacpd-eiQavTeg, ut]d' cog to 
Tcov Tie^iloincov ^vf^^dxcov xoivov nqoXintiP, fAtjds axedaadspisg 
dv()8toi uvzoig yeveaOcu, dXX la^dvreg ig rag vavg yjpdvv8V6at 
u)] OQyiaOtivai ozi i]uip ov 77Q08iiiicoQ)]CFazs. 3. coars cpa^sp ov/^ 
fjacjQv am 01 coq;8XJjaat vudg // zv/eTp zovtov. viitTg fisp yaQ ano te 
olxovfispo.)' rmp ttoXscov yat ini. tco to Xoinov ptfAe^d^cu, STzeidq 
iSefaaie vtieq vfioop ycu ov"/^ ijficov to TiXtop, 8^ori\}ij6aT£' ozs 
yovp 7^fi8'P ill 6CO0L, ov 7iaQ8yt'P8od8 ' jjiAEig 8s dno T£ Tl]g ovK ovcjqg 
hi OQ^cotAtroi, xal vnsQ zijg 8v ^Qay^eta iXnidi ovGijg KLpdvP8vopzsg^ 
'^vpeocoaafiev v^idg zs ro fi8Qog xai rjiidg avrovg. ei 8s uQoasy^coQri- 
aafisp 7i(}6z8()Op Tw Mij8cx),88i6av78g coansQ xac dXXoi nSQizri X^Q^h 
1] fAi] szoXfifjaafASv vdrsQov 86^7ivai eg zdg vavg cog 8L8q)0'aQiA8voi, 
ov8sp dp hi sdsi i'^dg ft)] f/opzag vavg Ixapdg vavfj^axsTr, dXXd 
Ha&' 'i]6vxiav dv avzcp TZQos^ooQfjc^f ra nqdyi^ara y 8^ovXszo. 
LXXY. aQ d^ioi S0IA8P, CO AaK88c/ju6rioi, aai noodv^iiag 8V8>ia 
Trjg icQzs yvco^iijg t,vv8a8cog dQyjjg ye rjg sionev zoTg EXXipi fU] 
ovzcog dyap micpdovcog 8iaK8iad^ai. ; 2. vau yaQ avzrjv 7/]v8s iXci- 
Bofiev ov [-liaGafisroiy dXX vfmv [xev qv-a eQsXiiadvzcop TtaQaMeXrai 
ijQog %d vnoXoina lov ^ciQ^dqav, )]fuv 8s nQoaeXOovzcov rcov ^vii- 
\idyicov Aal avzmv detjO^vzcov i]ys^mvag KaTaaTzivai' 3. 8^ avzov 
8s rov SQyov vuxxrivayxda&ri^ev ro ttqcotov nQOayayeiv avzijv ig 
t68s, iidXiGzu ^tsv vnh 88ovg, ineiza ds xal ri^irig, vazsQOv Kai 
chq}eX8iag, 4. >ia}. ovk dcj^paXeg en idoHSi slvai ToTg noXXolg dm]- 

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l&ij^t'vovg acci tivoop xal i^dr^ aTzoaidvtov KocrearQafiixspcor, f^w^ 
78 Tjfiiv ovKtTi ofioicog qil(xiv al)! vttotttco'p >ial diaqjOQCov ovrmv, 
aviitag xivdvvsveiv >tal yaQ av ai auoaTdaeig ngog vfAag ^yiy- 
^orro, 5. TTUoi ds avsnicpOovov ua ^viAt^^qovra r^v (A.£p(J7C0P 
mQi Kipdvvmp ev rid-ead-ai, LXXTI. vfistg yovv, m Aaaebaijio- 
pioi, rag iv rjj Ilelo^ovvr^Gfp Tzoleig m\ to vfuv (hcpiXiiiov iiaracpit]^ 
GUfietoi s^iijeiods' xal si tots vnoiimvavTeg 8ia navTog anffiO^ri- 
ffOs iv Ty riys[A,ovia ^arrsQ l^fisTg, £v lafxev ^// av ijc^Gov vfiag Ivtz?^- 
Qovg yevo^tvovg Toig ^vftf^axoigj xcu dvayaaod^spTag av tj aQytiv 
iyxQaTcog ij avzovg ydvdvveveiv. 2. ovTcog ov8 i^fieTg davixaGzov 
ovdsv TTSTZOii^xafiev ovS^ ano tov dv&gcoTreiov tqotiov^ h aQ^ti^ ts 
BidofA8V7]v sds^diAsd-af y,a\ Tamriv \i)] dvetfiev vno t^v fxsyiaicov 
iiyjjOtvTeg, Tijitjg dtovg 'Aai cocpeXuag, ov^ av ttq^toi tov 
zoiovTov vnccQ^avTeg, dlX del aa^^aarmTog tov rjaooi vno tov dvp- 
(umibQOv xaTeigyEaO^aij d^toi ts afia rofii^ovTsg €ivai, vfAip 
doyovvzeg ii^XQi ov TCi ^vfiqiSQOVTa Xoyi^oixevoi t<^ diaafco ^-oj'w vvi^ 
IQllodt^ ov ovdelg ttco naqnTvyov loyyi tl KTy(ja6&ai nQodti'g tov ^u^ 
7i}Jov 'iyeiv dnsTQaneTO. 3. Bizmvuadai tb d^wi oiTiveg y^QriaduH- 
roi 77/ dv&QOJTisia qivou cogts stsqcov dgyuvj drAaioTSQOi rj y.ara TtfP 
hndoyovaav dvva^iv yeyev^vTai. 4. dllovg y dv ovv oiofAeOa tIi 
7)fA.8T£Qa la^ovTag dei^ai dv ^dhaTa ei ti fiSTQid^Ofiev ' rjfuv ds yuu 
iy. TOV misiKOvg ddo^ia to nXsov t] maivog ova siKOTcog ttsqisoti], 
liXXVII. Kal iXa66ovfievoi ydg iv Taig ^vfi^oXaiaig nqog Tovg ^vfi- 
udxovg dixaig^ naq rjf^Tv avToig iv ToTg ofAOioig vo^ioig Tioiiiaav- 
Tsg Tag nQiasig, qiilodixsiv doxovi^ev. 2, aai ovdsig GnortsT avTMV, 
TOtg aal dlXo'&i nov dgy^yv sy^ovai Kai yaaov Tjfimv ngog TOvg v/irj' 
Koovg fisTQiOig ov6i diOTi TOVTO ovK ovsidi^STai ' ^idt,sa&ai ydg oig 
dv i^^, diKd^sG&ai ovSsv ngoodiovTai. 3. ol ds si&ia/iivoi nqog 7]fj,dg 
dno 70V 1(3 ov oiAiXeTv, 7]v ti nagd to fxri oisai^ai y^glqvai y yvcofiij ?/ 
di'vdfASi Ty dia ttjv dqyriv xai bncaaovv iXaaacoOwGiVj ov tov uXbo- 
vog 111] OTSQiaaofisvoi y^dgiv 'iiovGiv, dXXd tov ivdsovg '^aXsncoTsgov 
qjsQovaiv y tl dno ng(hxrig dnods^isvoi tov v6f,iov cpavsQ^g inXsovs' 
HTOv^sr, iHsiroig ds ovd dv avzoi dvztXsyov ojg ov )^QS(X)r tov ^(jfjco 
Tf^ y.QazovvTL vno]^coQsTv. 4. ddixovfisvoi ts, cog b'otxsv, ol dvdgto- 
noi fAaXXov bgyll^ovTai f] (^la^Ofxsroi. to i^sv ydg dno tov i'aov 
do){£i TrXsqvsHTsiadai, to d' dno tov -Agsiaoovog y^aTavayad^sGd^ai, 

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5. vno yovv rov M/jdov detroreQu Tovimv TnlcG^^oprtg i]vtiiovto, fj 

BiXQv TOig VTirjKOOig. 6. vixalg y av ovv d€rbl6vTEg ?}/^a<; 
ao^cuTS, rd][a av Trjv svpoiav rjv dta to tj^hsQOv dtog stliiqiaiEj 
fAeza^aloirs, einsQ oia aal jots TTQog 7ov BI/jSov di! ollyov lipjad- 
(.18101 VTiedti^aTB, ofAOia, xai fvv yvojataOs. d^irAta ydo id re yuid- 
vfidg (/.VTOvg vofxtfxa roTg dXloig S][8Z£y yicu nQOahi tig txaotog 
f^foov 0VT8 TOVTOig XQ^jTai, ovxi^ olg // alh] ^Elldg fOfd^ti. 
LXXVIII. ^ovlevead^s ovv ^gad^wg mg ov tisqI ^Qcv/^twr, kcjc} (.i)] 
dXXoTQiaig yv(6fiaig xai iyKlrnxaai neiad-ivieg oIahov novov 77qo6- 
dt]6&e. TOO ds TTole^iov Tov TtaQaXoyoVy oGog iori, tzqiv h aviJ) 
ytvto'dai 77Qohidyv(xiT8' 2. f^rjavpo^tvog yaQ qitXti fg 7vy/ig ra 
noXXa 7i8QnaTU()d^ai, cor i60v t8 aTis^ofJsv xai onorsgoog taiai h 
ddr^Xop Kivdvi'EvtTai. 3. iovtBg ts ol avd^qconoi eg rovg noXb\uovg 
Tcov 8Qycov TZQOTbQor 'i'^ovzai, a y^griv varsQOV d^dr, 'AcvAOnaOovvrtg 
ds r^drj Toof Xoymv anTOvtai. 4. rijAEig ds sv ovdsfna tzoo Toiaviri 
dfiaQTia ovTeg ovt uvtoi ovd^ v^dg ogrnvteg Xtyo(.tev vfiiVy ecog hi 
avOaiQtrog dfAcpoTt-QOig ij sv^ovXia, anovdag (it] Xveiv f-ir^ds rtaqa- 
^aii'8iv rovg oQAOvg, rd ds didcpoQa dUri XvsaOai xnTa T^f '^vvOi]- 
yajv ' ij {)8ovg rovg OQAiovg (ndgrvQag r/oiovfisvoi Titipxaoiisda 
i{Avr8(j\}ai TToXt'ixov aQ'/ovzczg ravrri ij dv vq)riy^o-&8, 
I LXXIX. Toiiivza 8s ol '^i^tjvcuoi slnov. intidf] ds t&v ta 
^vfAfid](^coi> TiKovoav ol ^aHtdaifWPioi zd syyh]iA.uTa Ta sg rovg 
'^{)i]vaiovg, xal tmv 'Adrivaimv d sXs^av, lAeraaTi^adfisvoi nai'iag 
i^ovXevovro y^azd acpdg avtovg nsQi tmv TzaQovTO})'. 2. 'aui toov 
(Asr nXsiovoov STzl to avro at yrwfiai scfSQOv, ddiAsiv ts zovg Adij- 
vaiovg ijdi] aal noXsiJuqTha shai iv Td^si' TzaQsXdmv ds AQiidaiAog 
6 ^aaiXevg avr^v, dv^g xal ^vvstog dox^v slvcu yai. ococpgcMr, i-Xs^t 

LXXX. Ka\ avTog tzoXXoov 'i.^tj 7ioX^imv sjATzstQcg tlfu, 3 
Ja-AsdaijAovioi, 'aoi vjawv rovg iv tI avrfj l]XiMa OQca, o^ars ia}jt§ 
dnsiQia snid^v luja at T IV a tov sgyov, oiitQ dv oi ttoXXoi nadoisv, (lijrs 
dyaOov xai daq)aXsg vofj^iaavia. 2. svqoits 8' av rords, nsQi ov vvv 
BovXsvsa&s, OVA dp sXdiiGiov ysvofisvov, el acoq)Q6v(X)g rig avrov 
iaXoyL^oiTO. 8. Tigog f.isv ydg Tovg IhXoTiovvriaiovg y,a\ daTvysiro- 
mg naqoiioiog rnx^v fj dXxij, na) did. tu^soov oIqv re iq)' maara 

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ilduv nQo^^s av^Qii^, ol yJjv rs ixag tr/^ovai xac nQoatri Oaloui- 
Gijg FixTTEiiJOiciTOi. UGi, y.oCi 101^ alXoig anaoiv aqiGJH e^ijiitwnii, 
nlovjo) 16 IdiO) 'A(u 8i]piO(ji(p -/.at vavoi >:ai Innoig kcu onloig yau 
oxhp oGog ovK fV ullcp h'l ys ;s^oa(nVp 'Ell)]rix(I) l<Jiiv, hi ds am 
h'l-^^dx^vg noXlovg cpoQov vnoitXtig '^lovai, ncog iqij TZQog tovzovg 
Qfcdiojg noXtiiov uoaaOai, xai rin TuoitvaavTag aTTUQaGxtvovg 
i/7ti)(^{}/jrui ; 4. n6zi:{)0v raJg 'pavalv ; aXX )j660vg sa^utp' ti ds 
luXsi/jaoixav dfTiTiaQaaxevaGOfitOaj iQOvog hmrcci. aXXa loig 
y^Qf'ifiadiv ; uXXa tioXXw sti. TzXtov roviov iXXtinouev yah ovt^ bp 
y.OiV(X) t20fA,£v ovze sioificog in r&v Idmv cpbQO^av, LXXXI. T:ai 
liv tig daQGolrj oil roig onXoig avzcop xai rep nXrjdEi V77S()q)8Q0^8v, 
mare Tijv pjv driovp iniqjoizoovzeg' 2. roTg ds aXXfj yrj sgh noXXf] 
Tjg aQ^ovai, y.a\ in OaXdaar^g oov dtorzai inaS,oprai. 3. d d' av 
jovg t,viiii(iiovg aqtaravai TZSiQaaofAeOa^ dt/jGU xai lovToig ravai 
^oijd^eiv, TO nXiov ovai 'prjaicazaig, 4. rig ovv 'laiai Ijfj^oov 6 noXe- 
fiog ; el (jlij yccQ rj vavoi yQaif]ooi.(Sv ij zag TZQoaodovg acpatQijoouav 
aq (OP TO yavTiKOP TQtcpovaiy ^Xaipoixt&a tol nXtoa. 5. yav jovzco 
Qvds yataXysaO^at en ytaXoPy aXXoog te ya] u d6^oii8f ag^ai jiaXXov 
Ttjg dtacpOQcig. 6. ^// ya^) 8>] iyeipri ys r^ iXnidi inaiQ(6iAt&a cog 
Ta^v navdijaenu 6 noX^ixog, ijv tj^p yjjv avtcov zcc/ico^gj^. dsdoiya ds 
uaXXop ui] yai zoig naioiv aviov vnoXinconav ovzcog eiyog ^AO)]- 
vociovg cpQOpri^ari fi/jre rri yfi dovXtmai, fiijis odonEQ aTtniQOvg yara- 
irXayrjvai ra5 TioXt'fiq}. LXXXII. ov fujp ovds ccpaiGdijioog aviovg 
ye^Xevoj rovg rs ^vfj.f^d'/ovg ?]ucov ear (iXccTZzaiv, yai inipovXHvovzag 
li}j yataqjcoQccv, aXXa onXa f.dp fxijTzoo yipeiv, TztfiTzeiP ds yai alrta' 
Gi}ai {A1JT8 TToXsfAOv uyup drjXovpTag ^iqdr cog miTQSijjOfiS'P, ydv 
tovzcp yat. ta 7j.us7S(ja avzcop s^agzyeGd'ai, ^vfA,fAd]^cov ze TTQOGayooyi] 
Kai 'EXX?]Pcop yai ^aQ^docop, ei Tzodiv zipa // vavziyov // ^^Qrjfidzcov 
dvvapiip TTQOGXrixpdiJied^a' dpenicp&ovov ds oGOi coanSQ yai rjfJttTg vn 
^A&ijvaicop sm^ovXsvopisda pii] EXXijpag fAovoVf dXXd yai ^ag^aQovg 
7TQOGXa§6vrag diaGco&'Jjvat' yat zd avzcov afxa iyTTOQi^cofis&a. 
2. yai ijv ^sv SGayovGcoGi zi nQSG^svoiiivcov 7]^m>, zavza aQiGza' 
rjp 8s p(.fj, 8isXdopz(ov srcop ya] 8vo yai zqicop dfisipov p^Sfjy fjr Soyy, 
TiscpQay^spoi i^ep m ahzovg. 3. yai (Gcog, OQOOPZsg ijiiwv rfiri zijp 
rs /^agaGysvtjp yai zohg Xdyovg avzri ofiola vnoGrmaivopzag, fidXXof 
mr siKOisVi yai yljv szi azfirizop f/^orzeg yai tzsqI Tzaqovzcov dyaOm 

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38 eoTKT/iiJor s:TrrFA<h}i2'. 

Koi ovnos icpOaQpttpav ^ovlEv6(AevQL 4. ^itj yaQ aD.o fi fOftior^tb 
Tijv yl'iv avrav ij ofAijQOv tjtiv^ '/mI ovy^ iiaaov ooco afitivov i^eigya 
GTCu ' iig cpaidtcfdcu p/ij cog ini n7.ei(5iov, xal fc\ sg anovoiav 'Aara- 
ar7]6aviag aviovg dh^TzzoT^Qovg iymv. 5. dyciQ aTraQaay.svoi. loTg 
1C3P ^vfifidyoov iyKXrjfjiaGiv innydtviEg reiiov^tv avrriv^ oqcite onoog 
fA^Tj aiaywv xai anoQmjsQov Ty rhXo7rorpJ](ycx) nQCi^Ofxtv. 6. eyxlrj 
lA,ara fAsv yccQ noXecov kcu IdicoTav olov is KaraXvoai' noltfxoF 
ds ^VfiTzaviag a()afispovg bvsy.a r&v Idlcov, or ovy VTiaQ^Ei tlStvaf 
v.a(f on yojQi]osi, ov Qadiov tVTrQenoog d^adm. LXXXIII. kcu 
avavdqia fif]dsvl noXlovg fcia tioIh fir/ zayv inaldtir doxsiicn} hvcu. 
2. Biai yaQ yuu h.uvoig ovv. lldaaovg, ^Qij^iaia cpeQOfieg, ^vfA^ayot^ 
Koi. 'iGTiv 6 TToltfiog ovy 07t1o3V to n7Jov alXic daTidrTjg, di' qv ta 
onXa coq)8XH, dXXcog re vuu TjTTeiQOJzcag nQog -O^aXaaoiovg. 3. noQi 
G())[ie&a ovv TZQootoP aviijv, (.irj toig i^v ^vfifidyoov Xofoig ttqo- 
tEQOV InaiQWixeOay oinaQ ds yai toov dno^aivovimv to nXtov sn 
dixq)6reQa Tijg aiziag s^ofisv, ovzoi yai^ r]ovyjav ti avTWf 
TTQotdcafisp. LXXXIV. xal io [iQadv xcu fAb'XXoVy o i^i^fxcpovrai 
lidXiota ijfiaVf {/,!] aioyvvsG&e. anevdovTsg ts yao oyoXairegov dp 
TzavaaiaOs did ro dnaQaoKSvoi ByysiQsiv klu aim sXsvdsQay xcu 
ipdo^07dT7]v noXiv did nmnog vsiioiAsda. 2. yai dvvazcu fiaXi.6T:u 
acoq)()oavp?j sf/qjQoip xovz sivai. (aovoi yaQ di avTo.svTwayiaig rs ovx 
siv^Qitoixsv xai ^vfxcpoQaig rjooop stsqojp sikojisp ' t:^p%s ^vp irtaipcp 
i^OTQvroptojp 7j{Adg sm rd deipd naqd ro doxovv rjfxiPipvK snatqo- 
fAS&a ydoPTj, 'Aai Tfp rig dqa "^vv ^azrjyoQia naQo^vpi], ov8sp fidXXop 
dyd'sadspTsg dpSTzeiaOrjfxep, 3. TioXspiiKol rs aai sv^ovXot dicc^ip 
svKoafiop yiypofisdaj to iasp on aldag acoq)Q0(yvp7]g ftXstazop fAsrsysi, 
aiayvprjg 8s svipvyia, sv^ovXoi ds dixadsoTsqop tSp vofimv "^^ijg 
vnsQOXpiag naidsvoixsvot, xal ^vp yaXs7i6zr]n (jooqjqopsarsQOP // (oars 
avrmp dp7]xov6TstP, xal firj id dygsta ^vpstoI dyap opzsg, rag twp 
TioXsiAiixiP Tzagaaxsvdg Xoyco xaXcog fisfxqofievoi dpofiofcog sQyco sns- 
^ispaif poni^sip ds Tag ts diapoiag t^v rzsXag 7zaQa7zXrj6L0vg sli'ca, 
aal Tag nQoaniTZTovaag Tvyag oh Xoyo^ diaiQsrdg. 4. dsi ds cng 
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vo^L^eip dpdQiXfTZOP dv&QcoTZOv, yQaziarop 5f scvat ocTig sv roc^ 

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dray-AaiorccToig naidtvezai. LXXXV. xavzag ovv ag ol nart'Qsg 
te tjidv TiaQtdodav fiEltTag y,al avrol dia navrog mipeXovfJtvoi 
tjoiiiev, ixq 7TaQ(5ii8i>, fxrjd' ineix^evTeg iv ^QaxeT [.ioqico ij^xtQag tzsqI 
nollcoi' aodiuizoji' xai iQin^id^cov yuu ttoIecov yma dohjg ^ovlsvaaiur, 
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mqi coi' ol ^viAiia)(^oi qiciGiv ddixeiadai, dlXmg is xal sroiiAmv ovzoov 
avTcor 8rAag dovi^at' Ini ds rhv didovza ov TZQOieQOv i^OfAifiov cog 
£77 a8iKovpra lavai. TxaQaoxtvd^BO&e Ss tov noXeftov dff.a. zavza 
yuQ yQatiara ^ovXsvasaOs yiu roig haviloig cpo^SQOjzara. 
3. yal 6 lisv ^AQ)(^tdafA,og roiavra sItts ' TTaQsXddtr ds ^d^svi^Xatdag 
reXsvraiog, dg rcov iqjOQmv zoze wv, sXs^sv Iv zoig ylaxtdaifiovtoig 

LXXXVI. Tovg IJ.6V Xoyovg tovg noXXovg rmv ^Adrivakav ov 
yz/i^oDcrxoa * maiviaavreg yaQ noXXa savtovgy ovdafiov dvtunov dtg 
ovy ddiKOVdi rovg tifASTtQovg ^vjifxdxovg Kai irjv neXonGrvr]aov' 
y.aiTOi el nQog tovg Mfidovg lyii^ovjo dyadoi rote, riQog d^ ^^id^ 
y.ity.o\ vvv, dinXaaiug tijinag dhoi ti6f'P, on avr ayixdmv xotxo 
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Xf]aoiA8v zifAOJQStv ' 01 d' ovyJjL fxsXXovoi yaxoog ndaisiv. 3. dXXoi\ 
flip yuQ yQ)]fAard saii noXXd yai. vTJsg yai Innoi, r^xTv ds ^vf^ifiayoi 
dya&ot, ovg oh naQCibotta rolg ^y4&}]raioig sotiVj ovds dUc/jg yctt 
Xoyoig diayQiJSDC ^)] Xoyco yal avr ovg ^XaTTTOi^itPOvg, dXXd rificootj 
iHL iv id/si yal navu a&svsi. 4. yat, cog rjudg nQsnsi [SovXsveaOai 
ddiyov^ivovgfirjdtlg didaaKSzcOy dXXd rovg fzsXXoptag ddixsTv (xdXXov 
TJQsnsi noXvv iqovov ^ovXsvsad-ai. 5. xprjcpit^sads ovv, oa Aays8cu~ 
uonoi, d^LCog rijg IJndqTijg rhv noXsfioVf ya] fz]]zs zovg ^Adiivaiovg 
Idjs fisi^ovg yiyvBa&aij fitjie tovg ^vfAfxayovg yatanQodidcoiiev, 
dlXd '^vv toig dsoig mloaiisv iiQog tovg ddiKovvrag. 
^ LXXXVII. Toiavta Xs^ag in sip's] (pil^ev avzog scpoQog mv ig 
fhv lynXrioiav toop Aaysdai^ovtojv. 2. 6 ds, yqivovGi ydg /5oj] yal 
ov ip^cpcp, ovy sop}] diayiypc^aysiv tip' ^0}]v onorsQa fxsiZmv, dXXd 
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nolsiVcl'P ndXXo'P oQfiiqGai sXs^sp' "Otm ^isv vficov, w Aaysdauiopioi, 
doynvoi XsXvadai at 6novdai yai ol ^^dtjvaioi ddiysiv, draarrjTco 

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40 eoTKTjijor AirrPA<Dii2\ 

^g tnHvo TO ^ooQiov dtl^ag n ycoQiov avroig' orai ds fi)] doAOvaiv^ 
sg 7a 8771, -O^dreQa. 3. avaardvitg ds ditGztjaav, >iiu nollw nluovg 
Eytvovro olg idoKOvv ai anovdai, XslvaOai,. 4. TrgoaKaXtaavrtg re 
rovg ^vftiAayovg tinov on aqjcai. lisv doKoTtv ddixHv oi 'A&ijvalot, 
(^ovXea&ai. 8s xai zovg navxag ^viAiidypvg naQaxaliGavteg xpljcpov 
inayayetv, oncog xomj ^ovlevadfisvoi lov nole^ov noimviai^ ?}p 
doxy. 5. Kac ol (a^v dnayr^coQijaav m oi'xov, diaTrgd^afxepoi tavraj 
aai. 01 AdnvaUov nQta^tig vaitQOVy eqj annQ iiXOov yQij^atlaavreg. 
6. ij de diayvaifxi] avr)] rijg SKHlrjGiag^ tov rag anovbag lelva^ai, 
iytvsTO Iv Tcp 78raQTC(i itti xai 5ej<aT0) roa^ TQiaKovrovridcov. anov- 
dwv TTQOxey^coQijxviojv dl eyevovto f(£T« ta Ev^oi'xd. 

LXXXYIIL ^Eip7]cpiGarro ds ol Aaxedai^iovioi rag onovddg 
Xslvadai xai noltiiijrsa eivai, ov zooovzov r^v ^vfj^^dycov naiddev- 
7. eg 7olg loyoig oaov cpo^ovfAtvoi rovg ^Adrivaiovg, fit] m\ {ah^ov 
dvnjd^aaiv, OQOQrrsg avroig ra nolVa r^g 'EXlddog vnoy^aiQia ^^// 
ovra. *' LXXXIX. ol yuQ 'A&/ji>aioi zQoncp roiqjds rp^d^ov ml ra 
n()dyfxaza iv olg 7]v^i]-&ii6av. 2. ensidJj Mqdoi drsycoQTjaav ix rTJg 
SvQmTZtjg fixrjd^svzeg xai vavai xat net^ vno 'Ell'}]vaw, xai ol xa- 
raqjvyopzeg avzwv zcug vavoi'v ig MvxdXf^v 8iscp&do?^Gar, Aecozv- 
ndr^g fisv o ^aoiXavg rav udaxedaifAOPicov, o^neQ riyuzo riov iv 
MvxdXri EXXrivmv^ dTirj^coQT^atv in oixov eycov rovg dno IliXonov- 
'^'t:(jov ^vfA^Adyovg ' ol ds \4d^iircuoi xai ol dno 'Icopiag xal EXXtjg- 
f?6vzov ^vfA.uayoi, tfirj acptazr^xortg ano ^aaiXicog, vnofieivajrEg 
^rjarop snoXiOQKOvv Blrid(x)v Fyovzcov, xai anr/^eijidMavTeg uXov 
avztjv ixXmovrojp zoop ^aQ^aQcov. xat. fieza rovro dninXsv(im> e| 
'EXhiauovrov cog exaazoi xazd noXug. 3. ^Adrivaioov 8s zo xoipot', 
instdJi avroTg ol ^dq^aqoi ix rqg ic^qag dnJ/Xd-op, 8iexofA,t^orro 
il'Ovg odep vnt^iOepro natpag xai yviaJxag xat rqv nEQiovoav xa- 
raoxe.vijVf xat r-rj'p noXiv avoixodofxtip naQEoxtvd^ovzo xai rd reip]- 
TOV 72 ydo neotpcXov ^Qaysa slrfrrfxei xa} olxiai al ixsv noXXal 
jjsnrmxeaapj oXiyai ds neQiriaav, sv aig avroi iGxi]V7]oav ol dvvarol 
rodP TltQa^v. XC. Aaxedar^opioi. ds aiGd^ofisvoi ro ixiXXov ijXdov 
nQEiy^slcij rd fisv xai avrol i^diov dv OQOovzsg fjit'iT^ ixsivovg u/jt 
dlXov fj.ijdiva reiyog lyov7a, ro ds nXsov roov ^vuixdyoov i'SozQwot'- 
Twv xal cpo^ovfiifoov rov ts vavrixov av7m' ro nXIjOog, o nQiv ovy^ 
vnJjQySy xal zi^v ig rov Miidtxav noXsfWv roXitap yeroiiinp: 

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LIB. I. CAP. XCI. 41 

2. 7]^iovv IS avtovg i^ri tti^i^uVf alia xal tatv e^co HeXoTTOPv/jaov 
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Tli-XoTiLivrioov TzaGiv tcpaoav Uavrjv that d'pa^coQijolv le yiai dcpOQ- 
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fiovlovg lOLvi ttnoviag, dnoKQivafASvoi out ni{jL\pov6iv cog aviovg 
7TQ8(j^sig nsQi, (OV XiyovGiv £vdvg anriX}.a%av ' savzov 3* ixtXevev 
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ds TTQog iavzo) iXofitvovg TTQsa^sig fdj sv&vg ixnsixTzeiVj aXX IniGiuv 
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i'A tov dvayaaiozdzov vjpovg ' Tttiit,tiv 8s ndvTag 7iav8i]^u zovg h 
z'Q noXti >iai avzovg ^ai yvvalxag xai. Tiaidag, (ptido^svovg (Atjzs 
Idiov ^i]ze di^fioaiov OLKodofiijixazog' o&ev zig cocptXeia iazai ig zo 
sgyoVf dXXd xu\}aiQ0vvzag ndvza. 4. Kai 6 fASv zavza dtdd^ag 
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zoi 8v zdxti t]^tip y,ai dav^^d^eiv cog ovnco ndQUioiv. XCI. oi ds 
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avz^p aidqag oiziieg XQ^^jzoi, xai. niaxcog anayysXovcJi 6KS\pd:fi8P0i. 

3. arrooz^XloviK}' our, xui Tzeqi avzojv 6 OtfAiozoycXrjg zoig \4lhi- 
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yiuKtdai^onoi 6qidg, onozs aaqjoog dKoSotiav, ovyJzi dcpcooip, 

4. 01 18 ovv 'AdqvaloL zovg 7ZQ80§8ig mansq snsGzdXrj y^aiiX^oVy 
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dnev, OZI // iisv noXig aqtc^v zez£i][iazai qdr^^ coazs [yavq shcci 

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12 OOTKT/Iijor ATrrPAdni^, 

^(6t,eiv rovg ivotxovviag \ el ds ri ^ovlovtai ^axedaiftonoi 7] oi 
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§ovlevsadai, ovdtvog voiegoi yrojiiri cpavr^vai. 6, doxHv olv 
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ofioiov 71 7] laov Eg to xou'ov ^ovXevtcrdaL ^ ndviag ovv cctei- 
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irioiovvTO roTg 'Ad}]vaioig ' ovds ydo em xmlviiri, alia yrcofxtjg 
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aviolg STvyiavov ' Tqg fitTZOi ^ovXijGSojg dixaQidvovrsg ddi^lcog 
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XCIII. Tovzcp 7 a) TQoncp ol AOtjvaiot tt^v noXiv hsiiKsav Iv 
oliy(^ iqofop, 2. xai diilq q olxodo^la hi xai vvv sanv oti xaid 
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imt^cov yuQ o nsQi^oXog navzayji i^ijx^^ '?^^' TioXsmg, xai Sia zovro 
ndvza onouQg xipovvzsg rjTiSLyovzo. 3. snsias ds xai tov IlsfQaicog 
rd Xomd 6 Gsi^nGTOxXJig olxodofxtiv' vtzIJqxto 8 avzov ttqozsqov 
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Qv dispoBiTOo 6. s'^ovlszo ydo T(p fisysdsi xal Tm ndy^si dcpjiazdvai 

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LIB. 1. CAP. XCIV— XCV. 43 

>xi ^^v '.joIeiaicop ETTi^ovldg' dvdQcoTTCov T8 svofu^sv ohycov xat 
rooy i^QHordzcyiv d^yJasiv rijv cpvlccxrii^, lovg d' dXlovg 8g Tag -vavg 
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doxti il-g ^aaiJJcog arQajidg rt])' Kara OdXaaaav 'icpodov avnoQOd- 
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note y.ard yrjv ^laa&aiai, uara^dpTag eg avzov raig vavoi riQog 
dnavzag dvOiarao&ai, 'Ad^rivaioi fxev ovv ovTcog irEi^^iadr^aav xai 
idlla xaTSoxevd^ovzo svdvg jAsrd Tt]v MijScov dva](^c6Qi]0iv. 

XCIV. JJavGaviag ds 6 KX£Ofi^(jgzov sk ^aHeSaifxot'og aiQa- 
rt]yog roo^ 'EXXrivcov i^ens^q)&ij fxsid emoai reap dno neXonorrrjaov* 
^vvbTrXfov 8s >ial ''Ad^rivaToi rqidyovra vavai xai zmv dXXojv ivjA- 
lid'j(^03v nXriy^og. 2. zal iaiQazevaav ig Kvttqov xai avzqg za fioX- 
Xd xateazQ^ijjavzOj yal vazsQOv ig Bvt,dviiov Mffioiv /j^ojtcoi^ yiai 
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avzov, 01 Z8 dXXoi "EXXrfveg riidovzo, ov% riyiaza oi '^Jmiag yai 
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s^t'nsfixpca' ol Aaxs8a(^u6'Pioi^ cpo^ovpievoi (jlij oq.iaiv ol i^icrzsg vf/- 
Qovg yiyvcovzai, otisq xal Iv z^-Tlavaavia hsl8ov' dnaXXa^tiovzsg 
OS xa] zov M}]8ixov noXmov, nal zovg "AOnvalovg fOfuXopzsg Ixa- 

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vovg i^TjyuaOai, xai GCflaiv Iv to) tots naqovTi STnTTjdeiovg 
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it'QOp iyiyvoPTO. XCVII. riyov^tvoi ds avTOvo^cov to ttqojtov lav 
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P.xXlTISg TOVTO TJV TO ^ODQIOP, 7.01 7] TO 7IQ0 TOOV MifilXaV 'EXXl'Vlxd 

'^vvnid^saav rj avid rd Mridtad ' tovtoop ds oantQ rixpnTO iv zi 
^y^TTiy.y ^vyyQacpy 'EXXdnxog, ^oaytwg ts yai roTg ygovoig ovh 
dxQi^ag int'pipr^a-Oi]' d^ci 8s xai Tijg dQyqg dnodti^ip sysi Trig rco? 
'Adij'paiodP ip 0i(p TQonq) xartOTTj. 

XOYIII. IIqcotov fisp ^Hiova t^v ml 2Jtqv{.i6pi^ Mr^dcop iyov- 
T(op TToXioQyJa siXov yuu tpdQanodiGap Kificovog tov MiXriddov 
OTQazriyovvzog. 2. 'iusira ^xvqov Tqv iv tc^ ^lyaico vriaov, ^v 
(^xovv AoXonsg, rivdQanodiaav nal (^yuaav avroL 3. TZQog ds Ka- 
QvaTiovg avToXg dvev ^t6c>v aXXcov Ev^osoav noXs^og eysvero, yai 
yoopoi ^vps^i](yav opioXoyiav. 4. Na^ioig ds dTToazaGt fiSTCt 
rciVTCi inoXsfxiiaav y,a\ noXioQ-Aia naQsazriaavTO. TTQmrrj ts avrq 
TJoXig ^vfifAay]g 7ia()d to xa&s<JT7]Kog idovXrod"^, meiTci ds xai tSv 
dXXcop cog sxdGZTi ^vvt'^t]. XCIX. aliiiu ds dXXai ts r>(Jav tcov 
dnocvrdasmv xai fityiaTai at rojv cpOQCOP xai vsoov sxdsuu, xar Xsi- 
7ioar()diior si' icp sytpsro. ol ydo Ax^ijvcdoi dxQi^ujg sr/Qoca^op xiu 
Xv7ii]()ol ^aar, ovx sio^doaiv ovds ^ovXout'voig TCiXairiconsiv 7i()or>iX- 
yoricg rag drdyxag' 2. i^auv di nmg xai dXXcog oVyidii'valot ovxrsi 
OfAoicog sr Ijuorri aQyorzsg, xa] ovrs tvpsaTQarsvop dno tov igqv 
^ddidv TS nQoadysG&ai r^v avToTg TOvg dq)iaTafiipovg, 3. wp avtQi 

Hosted by 


LIB. I. CAP. C — CII. 46 

aiTiot sy^fovro ol ^v[X[^a)(^oi.' dice yctQ r^jv anoxvrioiv ravtTjv rmv 
atQazsioov ol nlu'ovg avrooVf iva fxr/ an ovaov ootrt, ^Qrniara ird- 
^avTo avTi t^v veow to Ixroi-fiet'ov avdXojfia cp^'qeiv, xcu toiq fih 
'^dijvaioig 7]i>^8ro zo vavirAOV dno ryg 8andvrig ijv ixeivoi ^Vf^qjb- 
Qotsv, avioi ds OTTOTS dnoaratsv, dnaQccaxsvoi xal aneiQOi ig 70v 
noXt^ov xaVriaravTO. /{.< r.^ 

/^ C ^Eftveio 8s fisra ravta y.a), ij In EvQVixsdofTi norafAq) Iv 
TIaiicpv7,ia nt^ofia'/ia xai vavfia^ia ^Adrivamv aai. zoo^ ^vfAfxd^fcov 
nQog M'i]dovg, xai lvU(x)v rrj avTrj 7]fA.SQcc dficporeQa Advivaioi Ki- 
fio3vog rev MiXriddov aTQazi'iyovvTog, tiXov TQiriQSig fJ^oivtKoav 
'A(u d(eq)0£iQ(xv rag nd(Sag sg rag diccKOolag. 2. /(>oVq) ds vgisqov 
^vvF^f] Gaaiovg avTKiv dno6T7]vai, dtsvs^d^svtag negl tm'V iv ttj 
dvnntQag Ofidxy ifxnoQicov xai rov ^srdXXov, d ivtfxovro, xal vaval 
{H6P ini Qdaov nXemavieg ol Adrivaioi vaviiayla ixQatTjaaf aal sg 
rrjv yrjv dnt^tjaav, 3. inl ds ^TQVfxova nsfAXpavTsg ixvQiovg oIki]- 
TOQag avt&r xai r^v ^vjufiaxcov vno Tovg avtovg ^govovg, cog oim- 
ovvTsg rag tots xaXovfAJvag Evvea odovg vvv ds \^fAcpinoXiv, tojv 
fAsv 'Evvm hdmv aviol hQUTijoaVy dg uyov 'Hdcoi^oi, TTQoeXd^ovrsg 
ds Tf/g GQCtxrig sg [Asaoysiav diSQp&dQtjaav iv jQa^qaxco ttj ^HdoanKfj 
vno Tco7> 0Qay.a)v ^vfAndrioov^ olg TtoXsiiwv ijv to ^coqiov al ^Evvsa 
odol yai'Qoiisvov. CI. Gdatot, ds vix7]{}svTsg fidyj)cig xal nolioQXOv- 
aevoi, yfaxtdafftoviovg insxaXovvzo^ xal inafivrai ixsXsvov ia^a- 
Xovrag ig rtiv 'Arrixriv. 2. ol ds VTZScr^ovro (j,sv XQvcpa zmv ^^&r]- 
raiojv xal susXXov, disxcaXvi^fjaav ds vno tov ysvoiAsvov 6sia[A-0Vj iv 
CO xal ol EiXooTsg avTOtg xal tojv TzsQioiKcov QovQidrai re aal 
uAldssig ig ^Id^d^r^v dniaTiiaav. ttXscgtoi ds roov EiXo3to?p iysvovro 
ol rwv naXaiav Mscfo'Tjviayr lors dovXojOs'vtoov dnoyovoi' rj xa, 
Msoariviot ixJ.ijdriaav ol ndvrsg. 3. nqog fisv ovv lovg iv ^Idcofiri 
noXufjiog xad^siGtrixsi AaxsdatfAOvioig ' Gdaioi ds tqitoi hsi noXt- 
ooxovf/svoL c6fioX6y7]6av A-&r]vaL0ig, rsiyog ts xad^sXovrsg xai. vavg 
^agadovrsg, ^Qrifiatd is oaa sdsi dnodovrai avrixa raidutroi 
yia\ 70 Xomov cpSQSir^ tijv re ijnsiQOV xai to fjhaXXov dcpsvrsg. 
CIT. Aaxsdaifiovtoi. ds, cog aviouj ngog 70vg iv ^lOcofiij i(irixvvsro 
h ndXsfiog, dXlovg rs insxaXmrjiyzo ^vufAd')[Ovg xai 'AO^rivaiovg' <n 
d^ riXd^ov Kijxcovog 6TQarriyovvTjg nXfidsi, ovx ollyco. 2. i^idXiar-a 
d^ avtovg insxaXiaavio on r,si fn^aysXv ^doxovr dvraroi scvai, rmq 

Hosted by 



ds TiohoQyJag ^axgag Ka&Edtr^Kvtag iovtov ivdeoi iq)aivsio' ^ia 
yaQ av ellov to xooqiov. 3. diaqiOQct 8k 7:av77]g riqg OTQarsiaQ 
TTQayjop yiayie^aiixovLOig xai ^Adijvaioig qjavega iysvszo. ol yaq 
ylaxi-dai^onoi; inEidT] to y^caqiov [jia ov^ 't]Xi(y>istOy dtiGavTsg joov 
^Ad^Tivalo^v TO JolfXTioov Ttal Tiiv vtoazizQonodav, xal alXoq}vlovg 
ana 7]yi]adfA8voi, iir] ti, rjv TzaQafieivcoaw, vno rcov iv 'IdajfAij tisi- 
oOtvTtg 'p8coz£, ixovovg rojv ^vfXfAcix^p anmeiJixpav Trjv fih 
vnoxplav ov dtjXovvtsg, elnovxsg ds hri ovdsv Tzgoadsovrai avioov sti> 
4. ol 5' 'Adrivaioi syvwaav ovx mi 7q> ^tXtiofi Xoyq) anoTHz^noiJLE- 
vof, alia TLVog vtzotttov ytv^ofxtvov, xal dsivop TToir^cydfiepoi xal ovk 
ah(x)(TaVT6g vno ^aKsdaifiovicov jovto nadelvy evOvg iTzsidt] dpe^co- 
()7](jav, dcptvreg Tqv yevofitvfiv mi to? Miqda) ^viAiAayiav nqog avzovg 
'^Qjttoig TOig sxeipoor TtoXeixioig ^v^iAayoi eyavopTo, xai TiQog Qea- 
aaXovg afxa afxqjoreQoig oi avroi oqxoi xai ^uf'tfiayla xa^rtmij. 
cm. oi 5' 8P ^IdoifATi dexdrcp STti, cog olrAtri idvpavTO dvitytiv, 
^vpe^rjaap TZQog tovg ylaxedaifiopiovg icp cp rs ^iiaaiv Ik Ihlonov- 
vijaov vuoano'pdoi xai f^jdeTzors eni^rjoopzai avztjg' riv 38 Tig dXi- 
oxfjTai, Tov Xa^ovTog ehai dovXov. 2. t^v dt ti xai yQijor/jQiop ToTg 
ylaxedaifiopioig JJvd^ixov ttqo tov, tov Ixtxriv tov /Jihg tov 'J&co- 
^riza dqievai. 3. i^rjXd'ov ds avToi xai naidsg xai yvvaixag, xai 
avrovg ^^Orjvaioi de^dfisvoi ;<oit iyOog rjdf] to ^axEdatfioricov eg 
Navnaxxop xaTcpxiaav, r/v hvyop fiQijxoTsg vtcoaTi Aoxq(xw tcov 
'Oi^oXoQV iyoPTOjp. 4. 7TQ068X00Q7]6ap ds xai Msy.aQjjg ^Ad-qvaiotg 
ig ^ufiiiayiav AaxEdai^ovimv drtoaTdpTeg, oti avrovg Koquvdioi 
7T8QI yljg OQOJV TioXsficp xaTBiyov. xai 8oyov 'A&ijpaioi MsyaQa xai 
^riydg, xai Ta fiaxQa zeiyj] cpxodofxriaap M8yaQ8V6i Ta dno Tr/g 
rtXscog sg Ni(Jaiav xai icpQOVQOVP avzoL xai KoQivdioig /lup ovy 
/jxiaza aTTO zovde to acpoSQOv fAi6og ijq^aTO ttqcjtov ig ^AdriPaiovg 

OIY. 'JpdQcog ds 6 ^^an^T^ziyov Ai^vg ^aaiXsvg Ai^voyv t(x>p 
TTQog AlyvTiTCp, OQf^copiepog ix Maosiag zr/g vnsq fhdqov noXsmg^ 
d7it<JTri68v Aiyvnzov za nXUo dno ^a^iXecog 'Aqza^ig'^oVf xai 
avrog aQycov yspofisvog ^Adijvaiovg imjydysTO. 2. ol ds, hvyov 
ydo 8g KvTTQOP ozQazsvofASPOi vavai diaxoaiaig avzmv ze xai zoov 
^vfAfxdycop, TjXdov dnoXinovzsg t/]p Kvttqop^ xai dvanXsvaavzsg dno 
Oiddaa'i]g 8g top NslXov, tov tb 7Z0za(A0V xqazovvTsg xai Trig Msia- 

Hosted by 


LIB. I. CAP. CV. CVJ. 47 

q)i8og r&v 8vo fiSQCov TZQog lo rghov fASQog, o •aaXuTai Abvaov tH" 
log STTolt^uov)'. hljaav ds ahiodi UsQaoor y,al Mi]d(ov oi xaiaq.v- 
yoTTtg, yau Alyvntlcxiv ol jajj ^vrajieaiavrsg. : 

OV. ^AOtjvaiotg ds rava^v dno^aaiv ig^Ahag nqog Ka{)(j'{^iovg 
yal 'PJmSavQiovg i^cc/^^j syhszo, kuI IvUtKiv KoQivOioi. yal mrtQOi^ 
\40}ii'aioi Ivav^mirjdav enl K£x()vq)al8ia neloTTOVi'iiGiavp vaval, 
YAil hrACxjv Ad'fjvaioi. 2. noXk^ov ds yaraardviog fiQog Alyi- 
f/fTag 'AOijvaioig fj^sia zavra^ vaviAayJ.a ylyvszai sri y^lylvn '^sydLrj 
AOtjvatcov xai ^tyivT^Tojv, yai oi '^vu^ay^oi SKaiSQOig naoriaav^ xai 
ifiKCxiv A&rjvaioi, xai vavg s^doft^xovra la^ovrsg avrcov, sg rriv 
yljv dns^ijaav y.(U STZohoQxovv, AsavAQaiovg rov I^tqoi^ov arQiXxr}- 
yovvzog. 3. 'insira nslonovfijaioi dfivveiv ^ovXofiSioi ^lyivfixaig 
ig fASv T1JV Alyipav TQiaxooiovg OTzllrag, TtQOiSQOv Koqi.pOlg)}' yal 
'ETjidavQiojv miyovQOvg die^i^aaav^ rd ds dxQct trjg Fi'QavsUig 
HaTsla^ov, 4. yai sg rrjv Msyagida yate^rjaav KoQivdioi fistd 
zcov ^vfifAdycov, lo/Ai^orTsg ddvvdrovg saeaQ'ai Ad^ijvaiovg ^oijQsiv 
ToTg MeyaQSvair, tr ts ^lyivri dnovarig 6TQatidg TiolXrjg, yai. sv 
Aiyvnrq^ * riv ds aai ^oii&maiv, an Alymjg dvaazrjfysodai avrovg. 
5. ol ds ^A'&rivaioi ro piev nQog y^lyivri atQaxsvua ovx ixiri]crarj 
twv d' sx jJ/g TioXscog vtzoXolttcov oi re nqso^vTaToi xai ol I'soarazoi 
dcpixwvvzai 8g rd Miyaqa, MvQCovidov Gzqatriyovvzog. 6. xai 
fidyt^g ysvo{,itv7]g Iaioqqotzov noog KoQiv&lovg disy.Qidricjav dn dXXr^- 
Xcoi>, yuf stOfAiaap avzoi sxazsQoi ovk sXaaaov rj^sip sv zm SQycp. 
7, you ol ^h' 'Ad^^ratoi, sygdzTjaav ydq ofxcog ^idXXov, dnsXdovKxw 
zSiv KoQivdmv ZQ07ICU0V SGZ7]6av ' 01 ds KooivOioi yayiL,6iisvoi vno 
Toov iv zy noXsi 77qs6^vtsq(ov, yai naQaaysvaGaixsvoi tjfj.t'()ag vazs- 
Qov dcodsya pidXiaza, sXd^ovzsg dvd-lazaaav zgonaiov yai avzoi cog 
nyijaafzsg. yal ol 'A&rivcuoi sy^or]0-t]6arzsg sx zmv Meydgmv zovg 
76 ro zDonaiQv idzdvzag diacpdsiQOvai xul zoig dlloig "^viifjaXovzeg 
lxQdzi](5Civ, C\^I. ol ds riycofAevoi vnsxojQovi'^ xat 71. avTcoi' [AtQog 
ovx oXiyov TTQoa^iaaOlv xai diaiAaqrov z7jg odov ^ainsGsv sg zov 
ycoQiov Idioizov, Q.) SZV1SV OQvyfAa fAsya TJSQisiQyov xcu ovx -riv s^odog. 
2. Of ds \4-di]vaioi, yvovTsg, xatd TTooaconoi' zs sloyov zoig onXiraig^ 
yai, nsqiarriaavzeg xvxXq) zovg i/;</.o?V, yazsXsvaav ndvzag zov^ 
iasXdovzag, xai nddog fisya zovzo KoQirdioig sysvszo. ro ds nlij- 
■&og dns^mQijaev amoig zTJg azQazidg sri o"y.ov. 

Hosted by 


48 eoTKTJiJOT :ETrrpAfin/js, 

/ CYII. 'HQiavTO ds xara rovg ygovovg rovzovg kou ice fiayga 
Tciyt] eg ddlciaaav .A&rivaioi oixodo/jfe'iv, ro rs ^aXi^QovSs nai 
70 4' UtiQaia. 2. xai fDconrnv GTQaTsvadvTODV ig /JooQiag, triv 
yia'Asdaifiovicov ^rii:o6nohv^ Boiov xal Kvriviov ^Egivsov, aal 
sloPTcov sv tc3p nohaptdrcov rovrcov, ol Aa^iE^aijmovioi N(KOfA,rj8ovg 
70V KlsofA^^QOTOv VTISQ IIlEiarodvaKTog rov Uavaavtov ^aGiltcog, 
viov ovTog en, yyovfisvov, e^ori'd^rinav toTg /JwQisvaiv, eavTOJv if. 
7T8VTcvAO(yioig xal iiXiotg onXtratg hoi tcop ^vftfid^^cov livqioig, 
rovg 0(OKsag o/Aoloyia dvay>idr>av78g dnodovvai t:i]v ttoXiv dnEy^o^- 
Qovv Ttdliv. 3. yai Kara d'dXadaav ii8v avrovg, Sid rov Kgiaaiov 
iioXnov Bi ^ov7.0fvto nsQaiovadai, ^Ad^rivaToi vava) TzeQinXsvaavTsg 
EfisXXov 'AoAmsiv' did 8s iTJg FeQavdag ovk daq)aX€g iq)aive70 
avTOig 'Adqvaiwv iy^ovtcor Miyaqct yai Uriydg 7Z0QBvs6&ai. dvao- 
dog Ts ydg rj PEgdreta yai iq^QovgeTro det vtto 'A&ijvaiooV xai 
To^s ip&dvovTO avTOvg fieXXopzag vau ravTij xcoXvffeiv. 4. sdo^e 8^ 
avTolg iv Bo[0370ig TTSQif^sivaoi, oxtrpaGdat orcp rgonq) aaq)aXsa7a- 
7(t 8ici7iogEvoovTai. zo 8i ta xai ch8gt'g zwv \4&7jvaio[)V myyov 
avTOvg y.QVcpa, iXnlaavTeg 8i](.i6v re xaranavaeiv xal zd 
Z8iv}] oi>^odoiAOV{ji8va.M^6. B^oijilrioav 88 In avzovg at ^Adrivaioi 
7rav8^fA8i, xal ^Aoysicov yiXiotxal zoov dXXcav ^vfAfidywv mg sxaazof.' 
^vfiTTavTsg 8s sysfovro zezgaxiayiXioi yai jAvgfoi. 6. ro^iGavzeg 88 
dnoQ8tv 07X71 8(8Xdw6iPf 87T86zgdz8V6av avzoTg, yai zt yai rov 8rif.wif 
xazaXvasojg vnoxpla. 7. r^Xdov 8s xai 086(ja7,^v tTZTTr^g zoTg 
\4di]va[o(g xazd ro ^vfxfiaxrxov, oi fxsTsazriGav iv 7(p sgyop nagd 
7ovg yi(VAs8aifxoriovg. CYIII. yevopisvtjg 8s iidytjg iv Tavdyga 
zJjg BoiooTiag ivixoov Aay88afii6vioi yat oi ^vfxfxayoi, yai cporog 
i-ytrsTO djiqiozegcov noXvg. 2. yal Aays8atfA,6v{Of. fisr 8g ttjv Msya- 
Qi8a ^IMovzsg xa\ 88'p8QOzo{A,i](7avzEg, ndXiv dnriXdov stt oikov 8ia 
FtgavsLag yal lad^piov' ^A/&^vaioi 8s 88vz8ga xai sitjxoazri tjf^8ga 
uEzd zyv f^dy7]v sazgdrsvaav 8g Botcozovgf Mvgmvidov GzgaTrjyovv- 
rog, xal ^idyrj iv Ohocpvzoig zovg Boicozovg viyrjaafZEg, 3. zrjg ze 
idgag ixgdi^Gav zljg Boicoziag xai fVcoxidog, uai. Tarayomcov zo 
rsTyog TrsgmXov, xal Aoxg^v zoov 'Onovvzmv sxazov dr8gag oin]- 
I'iOvg zovg nXovaioozdzovg s^Xa^ov, zd zs zsiyrj za savzwv za fnxxQa 
^•TTSzeXsaav. cofioXoyriGav 88 xai Alyivlirca fiEza zavra zotg 
'A&i^vaioig, zelyji rs nsQtsXovr^g xai vavg nagadovTBg, (pOQor zs 

Hosted by 


LIB. 1 CAP. C IX— CXI. 49 

^a^d^srot 4' "^or STzeira iqovov. 5. UsloTiovvfjaov neQimlBv- 
<jav ^AdijvaloL ToXfAidov rov ToX^aiov (jZQarijyovvTog' aai to 
d'tojQiov TO ylaxedaii^oviwp tpsTiQipav, v,at XaXvuda KoQivd^icov 
noXiv ellof, ^iHvcavLOvg iv dno^daei tHjg yqg fidpj ixQaTT^aav. 

CIX. Oi de sV t5 Aifvnrcp ^Adr^vaioi kccI oi ^vii^uayot ins- 
fjievov Hal avToTg noXla) ideas Tzoleiicov KartGT'qaav. 2. to fjiev ydq 
nqc^TOv mqdrovv T7jg AiyvuTOV A-diivatoi^ y^ai ^aailsvg ne^nsi eg 
AaKsdalfLOva Meyd^a'Cov avdqa Tltqariv y^QrjfAara 'iiovTa^ onwg ig 
^Tijv 'AzTiKrjV ia^aXnp jrsia&svzmv t^v IhXonQvviiGmv an Alyv- 
nTov aTiaydyoi ^A&rjvalovg. 3. (hg 8s avri^i ov Ttgovy^coQei. Ta 
^QijptaTa dXXmg dvaXomOy 6 fjt€v Msyd^a^og xac tol Xoma Tmv 
^Qr]f^dT&)v ndXiv ig Trjv 'Aoiav SKOfuadt^y Msyd^v^op de top Zcotzv- 
Qov niyinu dvdqa TIbq(5r^v fteid csrQazidg noXXijg ' ^ 4. og dq}VA6fiE- 
'yog xazcc ytjv Tovg is AlyvTiriovg xai Tovg ^v^fxdy^ovg fjid^y SKgdrTj- 
(J6 xal 8K T7jg MsiAcpidog i^tjXaas tovg EXXyvag aai TtXog ig IIqocF' 
<x}7riTida r?jv v7i6ov xaTtKXsKJs, -Aal iTtoXioQKsi iv avzy iviavjov xal 
ftrjvag e^ M-^XQ^ ^^' ^VQ^^'^^' '^k^ 8mqvi(z xai TiaQajQSXpag dXXrj to 
vdmQ Tag re favg ini zov ^tjqov inolTjoe kocI T^g viqaov Ta noXXd 
?]7ZHQ0v, 'Aai d^ia^dg dXe ttiv pTjuop Tie^y. GX,. ovzm fisv to. roar 
'EXXijpcov TtQay^aTa iqj-OdQi], IJ sTt] TioXemjGapta ' xat oXiyoi dnh 
noXXmv noQSvofJiepoi dta jlijg Ai^vrjg ig Kvqi'iv^v iaojOr^aaVy ol §8 
uXeigtoi dncoXovTO. 2. Aiyvnrog ds ndXiv vno ^aotXia iyivszo 
nXriv AfJiVQiaiov tov iv Toig t'Xeai fuatXscog' toviov de dia fiiyeOog 
IS TOV eXovg ovk idvvavzo iXuv, Kat a^a fta^ifiwrazoi eiai tojv 
AiyvTTTicov ol eXaioi. 3. ^IvaQwg ds 6 imv Ai^voiv ^aaiXsvg, og Ta 
ndvTa inQa^s ttsqI Tqg AlyvnTOV^ TZQodoaia Xf]qid'8}g dv86TavQc6&rj' 
4. i'A ds Tap 'Ad^yvav AalTT/g dXXrig ^vfifyiaxtdog TisvTi^xorTa TQiygsig 
diddoxoi TiXiovoai ig AiyvTiTOv sa^ov Kaza zo MsvdijGiov yJqag, 
ova sidoTsg Tap ysysvtjpisvociP ovdsv. ^at avzoig tx ts ylijg sninsGov- 
Tsg Tzs^ot Hal ix d^aXdaatjg ^hoivUcov vavziKov dieqjx^i-iQav zdg tioX- 
Xdg zap vsap, al 3" iXdaaovg disq)vyop ndXiv, 5 Ta fitv y.aza z/jv 
^sydXrjp azgazsiap A&Tjpaioop aal zmv ^vptuidxoop ic, Aiyvnzop 


CXI. '£"% ds QsaaaXiag ^OqidTrig 6 't.;^mQaTidot viog zov 
OsaaaXav ^aaiXtwg cpsvyoov, STTSiosr 'Adrivatovg savzoi ^azdyeiv' 

vdtl naQaXaf^ovzsg Boimxovg nai ^myJag, ovzag '^vi.i(xdxovg^ 


Hosted by 


50 eoTKTAiAOT srirPAdiii^. 

*A&f]faioi iaTQcirsvGai^ rTjg QeaaaXiag inl 0aQ6alof. nai irjg (asi 
yfjg ixQaTovv ooa ^r} nQoiovreg noXv sk icov otzIojv^ oi yocQ innriQ 
TMV Osaaaloiv UQyov, 77]^ ds noliv ovy^ e'llov, ovd' alio 7TQ0V][WQei 
avtoig ovdev cov hsy.a iarqatevGav, alX aneyaQtjGCiv nakiv 'Oqs- 
orriv 820V7Eg anQaxroi. 2. fisra 8s ravra ov ttoXX^ vazegov y^lXiOi 
^u4&rivai(x)v ha rag ravg rag Iv HrjyaTg STZi^oivzeg, at/^ov d' avtot 
rag Ilriydg, naQmlevoar ig ^ixv^va TIsQinltovg tov Savd^innov 
ctQaTriyovvtogy 'Aal ano^dvTeg ^ixvcovioav Tovg nQoa^i^avrag i^d/l 
rAQmtjdar, 3. svd'vg naqala^ovTeg '^'/^aiovg xai duiTiXevdav- 
7sg mqav, 7^g ^Jty^aqvaviag ig Olviddag BargaTtvaav yxu InoXmi}- 
y,ovv, ov fitv70i eiXov ys^ dX)! d7T6j(^osQ7](yav Iri ocaov. CXII. vgt'c- 
Qov ds diaXi7Z0V7mv hm> 7Qi6or OTZovdai ylyioviai UsXanorv^aioig 
y.a\ ^Ad^^vaiotg nevraBTsTg. 2. ya\ 'EXXrjfiKOv ^xsv noX^^ov 'iayop 
ol ^A^i]vaioi, ig ds Kvttqov i^iQaTSvovro ravGi diaxooiatg avTmp 
78 ytal roov ^v^iidiwv, Ki^(x)vog a7Qa7}]yovvrog. 3. xa^ si7]yov7u 
fisv vlqsg ig A\yv7Z70v an av7oov 'inXsvoav, ^A^ivQ7atov ixerantiAnov- 
rog 70V iv rolg sXsai ^aaiXtcog^ al ds dXXai K(77iov snoXwQyovv. 
4. KifioDvog ds dnodavovTog yai Xffj.ov ysvoutvov dns'/^wQrjoav ano 
Ki77iov' mxi nXsvaav7sg vttsq ^aXa^ivog rJjg iv KvTTQCp, 0oh(h 
aal KiXi^iv ivaviA,d')[^7j(jav yat iTTS^oixd'/^rjaav afAct^ xai 'prAri(jav7sg 
d^q)678Qa dnsi(^q^6av iri olxov, xai at i^ Alyvnrov vljsg TraXiv al 
iX-^ovaat ixsx avrmv. 5. JlaysdaifAonoi ds fxsra 7avTa rev Isoor 
yaXov^svov noXsfAOv iaxgdievaav, yai yqairiaavieg 70V ?r /IsXcpoig 
leQOv naQsdoaav /tsX(poTg ° yai, av&ig vottqov A&rivaioi, anoyjaoi]- 
adv7(j()P av7mv, G7Qa7SV(jav7sg xai yQarj^cjavTsg naqidoaav Q^coysvat. 
OXIII. ya] iQovov iyyapOfAsvov fierd ravia 'A&fjvaioi, Boiwrap 
7WV cpevy6v7cov iy6v7(!0V ^Oqio^svov yai Xatooovsiar yai aXX a77a 
IfOQia 77]g Boixx37iag, ia7Qd7svaav sav7^v (asv yjllotg biiXiTaig, 7(x)v ds 
^vfAfid^ycop clog syd670ig^ ini 7a yooQia lavra noXt^ia ovTa, ToXfitdov 
70V ToXixalm) a7Qa7rjyovv7og. ya] XaiQ(6vstav sXorzsg \yal dvdqa- 
nodiaavzsg^ dnsydgovv q)vXayriv yaza67riaavi(:g. 2. noQSvoiitvoig 
ds avxoTg iv KoQoovsia i7zi7i\}ev7ai oi 7S iy xijg 'Oq^oixspov cpvyadsg 
BoixoTO^v, yai Aoyqol usr amoov^ yai Ev^oi(av cpvyddsg, yai oaot trig 
av7^g yrwfAJjg rjoav yai lAdyrj ygaDjaavrtg, tovg fxsv disqjd siQav t09P 
^Adijvaicov 70vg ds ^Svxag sXa^ov. 3. yai 7>]v Boicoziav i^tXinof 
^Ax^tjvaioi ndaav^ anovddg Ttoiijodiievoi icp co tovg avdgag yofuom'- 

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^ai. 4. nal ot (^iSvyovTsg Boicoioov v^aisld^ovrtg, >iCii oi alloi 
uzdrrsg, avrovofxot ndX-iv syhovzo. 

CXIY. Meia ds ravra ov noXl(} vatSQOV Ev^oia dntOTt] dno 
^^drivaiGiv' eg avxrjv dia^ie^yxotog Ijdt] Ilt'QiyJJovg (JTQana 
'y^-Orivaioofy riyyllOri avT(^ oit MtyciQci dcpsotrj'AS, xal IleloTrovpijaioi 
fitlXovffip ia^aleiv eg irjv '^^trcAjjv, xai oi qiQOV(jol '^&t]paicov 
diecpOagiAtvoL slaiv vno MsyaQt'av nlriv ocjol eg AHaaiav dizHpvyov. 
in^ayajofispot ds KoqivQ lovg 'Aa].Zixvojviovg yiut 'EnidavQiovg dnt- 
OTfjoav 01 MeyaQiig.H: o ds UeoiyJSig 7jdhv Kara idiog ixoful^^ lijv 
OTQaziav i'A Tfjg Ev^oiag. 2. y,ai ^erd zovio ol Ihlonovvrioioi 
trig 'A'cti'Arig ig 'EXevrnva yal Qqioj^s ia^aXovzeg, idrjojaav nisiato- 
avayaog rov riav6ariov ^aailtcog yiaAedai^ovmv tiyovi^tvov^ xai 
7 Tiltov ovxtTt nqoel&ovteg dneicoqriauv in ovaov. 3, y,ai '^di]- 
rcuoi naXiv ig Ev^oiar dia^dvieg, UsqiyJ^tovg <JTQar7jyovvT og^ yocis- 
6ZQ&{pavT0 ndaav. yuu iriv fASv dXXijp OfioXoyia KazEatriaavro, 
'EGtiaidg ds e^orAiaavr^g avioi Tijv y7]v sa'/^or. CXY. dia^^mQdj- 
cavTtg 8s dno -Ev^oiag, ov nolXcp vqtsqov anovddg moujGavxQ^^ 
TiQog Aay-ebaijioviovg xai rovg '^vfifAaxovg TQiayovjovrtrg, dnodcv- 
Teg A'laaiav yal nijydg yai Tgoii^fiva aol ^Ay^aiav ' lavra yd'Q 
ti^op ^Adrivcuoi n.tXo7iovn]omv. 2. tAjm ds hsi 2Jafiioig xai 
Mihiaioig TioXs^og eysvezo ttsqI IJQii]P)]g ' yai oi MiX'i]ai0i iXaooov- 
fzspoi r^ noXefiqi naq ^A&riPaiovg eXdovisg Hazs^ooop x&p ^a^-ucov. 
^vrsnsXafA^d'POpzo 8s Kal i^ avzr]g iijg ^dfxov drdgsg Idiojzcu vsm- 
7e(ji(5cu ^ovXofAsroi t7]p noXirsiav. 3. TzXevGCivreg ovv 'AOtjvaioi sg 
ZdjAOv vavol rsaaaQdxopra^ drifiOXQaJiap yaiearfjGap, %ai Of^r/Qovg 
eXa[jop TMP ^afAioov Tisvtrjxopza ^isv naidag, laovg ds avdgag, yai 
yazsOspro ig AJj/apop, acu q^Qovgdv iyyaTaXinoprsg dpsycxiQriaap. 
4.. Tco'i' ds 2Jafiiojp, jj6av ydq riveg dl ovy vni^spop^ dXX ecpvyop ig 
TTiP f/TisiQor, ^vpOifiSPOi 7COV i'P zf/ f/oXsi toig dwaroDzdzoig xat 
UiGoovOprj 7^ 'Tazdanov t^viAfxaiiav, og elis ^dgdeig tois, ini- 
AovQOvg 78 ^vXXe%aPiSg ig STTzaxocFtovg dii^riaav vno vvAia eg tt^v 
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7iXeL(jrcoVf87TSi.7a 7ovg 6fA,i]Q0vg ixyXiil^apzeg sa yirifxpov rovg av7m>j 
dniGTriGa'p^Aai 70vg cpQOVQOvg rok' ^A-O-r^patcop, yen 70vg aQ^ovzag^^ 
(H rjaciv naod oq)i6iP i^sdoaap TIi(j(J0v&fri, ini 78 MiXri70v evdvg 
nageaASvdLorro a7Qa78VEiv. ^vvaniaTiiGav ds avxolg yai Bvt,av7ioi, 

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52 eoTKTJizJor ZTrrPAam^', 

CXYI. \4diivaioi. ds oog riG&ovtOj nlsvaavreg vavoiv 8^i]KQVTa 
mi ^d^iuvy fc/Jg (i^f^ sxxaide'Aa i&v fecov ovk I'/^Qriaavro ' hviov yccQ 
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ds ^rtt'07 xal liaaaqGi, [hQixXsovg dsKcHrov avzov otQa^ijyovvrog,^riaap TJQog Tqayia ttj vijao^ 2^afitaw vavolv s^dofxrixovra, 
mp TjiTar at iri'xodi dTQaiicondsg ' 'hv^ov 8s at Tiaaai ano MilriTov 
Tflsovaai. xal srixcav ^Adijvalo!. 2. vazsQOv ds avioig t^ofid^oav 
£K lojv ^AOrif'cor vljtg zsG6aQdK0vi:a nal Xicov xal Aso^Uov nsvTS 
VAXi si'Aoai, 'ACii dno^avTsg Kai xgaTOvvreg 7:(^ 77.s^cp stzoIaoqaovv tqigl 
TBiisai irjv rioXiv nai in da7.da6i]g a^ia. 3. IleQiyJSjg ds, la[^djv 
8^/]K0V7a vavg dno tmv S(pOQfiovoa)v, w^^firo xarcc idj^og lui Kavvov 
%a\ KciQUig, ioayyeld-tproDV ozi (Doiviaoai vljeg sV avzovg nXeov- 
aiv ' o.^j^£2^o yciQ y^oci ex i-ijg ^afiov nsvzs vavoi ^rtjaayoQag Kai 
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j^aimg sxnlovv noDjoafjeroi, acpQaxTq) rm aiQcctOTisdcp minsoovrtg 
rdg iS TZQOcpvlayj-dag vavg discpOsiQav, xai vavfAa](^ovvieg rag dvia- 
payofievag EvrAt]ai/j', alu iJjg OaldaGtjg rr/g xad^ iaviovg hQairj^av 
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i^ovlovTO. 2. ilOovTog 8s IltQiKlsovg ndliv toug faval 'ACCTtAlti- 
oOrjaav. xou sa ro^v 'Adtjvoov vars^ov nQOGS^ofi&ijaav jeaaaQa- 
y,ovia i-isi ai utid Qovkv8i8.ov 'acu Alyi'mvog xai 0OQ[umvog vqi:g, 
srAoai 8s id fiszu ThjTrolsfAOv xal ^Avxixlsovg^ ex 8s Xcov xcd 
Asa^ov TQiaxovTU. 3. xai vav^Jia'^iav fisv zira ^Qaj^stap Inonj- 
aavTO ol ^JdnLOfj d8vvaioi 8s ovzsg dviiayuv^ s^snoXiOQxijOjjGav 
ivdzoj ^j-fi'L^ xcu TTQoasxcoQriaav ofioXoyia, islyog zs xa\}sl6vrsg xai 
o^^jjoovg 86vztgj xai vavg 7raQa8ovteg, xai jQiqiiara la dvalojdevra 
y^azd yQO'Vovg ^atdiisvoi dnodovvai. ^vvs^tjaav 8s xal Bv^dviwi 
OJGTZSQ xai TZQozsQOv vnrjxoot: slvai, 

CXVIIT. Mtzd zavza 8s yd)] yiyt'szai ov Tjollolg hsGiv vgts- 
gov rd 7iQOSiQ7]fieva, ra ts KsQxvQaixa xai ra ,IIoTi8aiaT:ixdj xal 
oGa TTQOcpaGig zovds rov ri^olsfiov xazsart]. 2. zavza 8s ^vfiTzavza 
OGa ETtQa^av ol ElXip'sg Tzgog zs dXXrjXovg xal zhv ^dg^aqov^ iye- 
veto £v hsGi nsvzrixovza fiaXiGza /ier«Jt' zjjg S'sq^ov dray(OQi]G8cog 
Hat trjg dQylqg zovSs zov noXs^iov ' i-r olg Adrivatoi Ttjv te dgyjiv sy- 
iiQarsGrsQav v,aTSorrioavto nal avrol sm fieya s^ooQijaav dvpdfismg. 

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01 ds udaKsda([A6noi aiad-ofiEfoi ovza ixoiXvov el fiTj em ^^«j(i), 'Ijav^a- 
tov 78 to tjIeov 70V '/Qovov, oviEg f.isv xul 7TQ0 70V fi)] 7aiHg Ikvai Ig 
7ovg nolenovgy ti firj (ivay'Aat,ovv70^ 70 8s 71. noll-iioig oixeioig 
fhiQyofiEi'oi, TiQiv di] 7) durafug 7mv '^i}rpaicov aacpojg yoeto xal 
7ljg ^vunapag av7()ov rinrov70. tot8 ds ovxsii draox^zov sttoiovvto, 
dlX mriEiQYiitcc idoxsi uvai nda\] TTQoOvfAio^y xal xadaiQSTsa rj 
loyvg, r/v dvvcxwrcu, ix^a^evoig lovba top nols^ov. 3. avzoTg ^sp 
ovv 70ig ^aKsdaifiovioig dieypojaro XeXvaOai 76 7ag anovddg Kai 
70vg ^y^d'tp'otiovg ddiy.sTv ' neiAxpavzeg ds ig /ltl(povg iitrjQcoTcop 7ov 
xfeov 81 nolsixovaiv a^eivov sarai. ds dvsiXsv avtoig^ cog Xsyetai, 
Kara nQazog TioXsfxovdi vi^rjv easa&ai., xal avtog scpi] ^vXXijxpsad'ai 
y,ai TzaQivAaXovixsvog xai axXrjtog. (JXIX. av-dig ds 70vg |i;///^cc- 
yovg naQa>iaX8aav7 sg xpijqjov 8^ovXoi>70 hnayaysh si y^o?] noXsixsTv. 
xal hXdo'PTwp 7mv n'QEcJ^sojr dno zTJg ^vfifiayiag, xai ^vpodov ysvo- 
fjiep}jg, 01 78 aX7.oi slnov a e^ovXovzo, yanjyoQovvtsg ol nXsiovg zmv 
'u^OiivaLcoTf 'Acu 70V TioXsfAOv d^iovv7sg ysvsadai, xai ol KoQivdioi, 
d8i]dBV78g fjfsv yai y,a7a noXsig ttqozsqov sxaGTcov idia coc>7s ipyq)/.- 
aaadai rov noX^iov, dtdioisg ttsqi, jy UondoLicc fx}} 7rQodi.acp{faQri, 
naQ6v7sg ds xai tots xai 78l8V7a7oi hnsXdopTsg sXsyov roidds. 

CXX. Tovg iilv AiVAsdaiixoviovg, cj dvdQsg ^vp^ayoi, ovh av 
STi alzia^aifAsdcc, cog oh yat avroi sipijcpifff^spoi 70v noXs/AOv slai^ 
yen jjLidg eg zovto vvv ^vi>t]yayov. yQij yaQ 70vg tjysixovag za idia i^ 
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nQ07in&v7ai. 2. rj^uaiv ds ocjoi. [xsv ^Adijvaioig tjdr] 8VTj7,Xdyri(jav, 
ovy) didayr/g dsovzca coazs cpvXd^aad^cu avzovg ' zovg ds 7ijv fisao- 
ysiciv fidXXov yai. fu] iv tzoqoj yazopxrif^srovg sidsrai ygrj 07i. 7oTg 
ydrco tfi' ^u] dfAVPCOGi; yaXsTrcozsQai' s^ovat 7rjv y(i7ayo^id]i'}> 7(ov 
wQaicov ya) ndXiv dv7iXi]\p!v cor rj -O^dXaaaa zrj ijTisunp didcoai^ yal 
7(ov VVV Xsyofisvcov iiq xaxovg yqizag cog fiq nQoarixovTcov sivai, 
77goadry86&cu ds ttois, si za ydrco nQooivro^ ym.v f^ryQi orpco?^ to 
dsivov TTQOsX'd'sTv, xcu /^so} uvToov ovy rjaaov vvv ^ovXsvsadcu, 
3. dionso ya\ uSj oxvsTv dsc avtovg rov noXsfxov dvr siQrfVijg fisia- 
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id^stv, dyadwv ds ddixovfisvovg sy fisv 8iQ7]V7]g noXsiisTv, sv d§ 
naqaaypv sk TToXsfiov ndXiv ^via^tJ'Pcu, xai fiTJzs trj yaza noXsfiov 
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Gdai. 4. 78 yaq dia rtiv rfiorijv oxvojv rdpot' av aq,atQt,^ci7i 
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Tiojv xv'fovTOL KazcoQdcoOt]^ y,ai szi, Txltco a nalag doKovrra ^ovXsv- 
drjvcu £g TohvafTLOv alay^Qmg TTEQisatrj. ivOvpieTzai yaQ ovdtlg ofAoTa 
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YAU d8i>iOVfxevoi tov noXe^ov iy£tQ0fi8v yiac iKava h'^ovreg 8y>iXrif.iara, 
xal otav dfivvojfieda ^Adrivalovg, y.araOijaoiJieda avzov h y,cuQai. 
2. Maid- noXXa ds rjfidg alxog snixQarr^Gai, ttqcojov fiev nXfiOu 
TiQGVj^oj'rag yai e^nsiQicc noXefAixy, kntixa ofioimg ndvjctg Ig id 
ncQayyeXXofABfa loiTcig. 3. vavrrAov rs, m laxvovoiv dno Trig vtiuq- 
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a6iA,£&ci. yaQ rifiHg syofisj' q)VG8i ayadof, exeivoig ovy dv ysrono 
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dcpaiQsOs'pTsg avToTg Tovroig xaxcog Trdaysiv. CXXI I. vnaQy^ovai 
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xai on, 81 fisv tjaav rjfioov sydaroig nQog avTinaXovg ttsqi yr/g oqoov 
ttacfOQai, olarov dv ijv ' vvv 8s TiQog ^vfi7iaP7dg 78 r^A-dg ^A^rinaXoi 

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Inavol ical >iaza noliv sn duvatojTSQOi ' ojgts, el //?/ vmi adgooi, aai 
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Xi^g EXXadog 7ia(Ji]g ^vvayconovfj,evt]gy zoc [.lev qiO§cpf za ds ojipeXsta. 
2. anovddg ze ov Xvgsts ttqotsqoi, dg ye xal 6 deog yeXeicop 
7to7.t^eTv vo^i'Qei naqGL^e^dad-ai, r^dfx^fievaig ds fidXXov ^07](}}]- 
aszs' XvovGi yaQ ovy^ oi d^vvo^sroi, dlX ol ttqozbqol Inwvzeg. 
CXXIV. G}6zs navzayodsv y.aXoog vrrd^yov viuv rtoXefuTv, yal 
fifiojv zdds KOiv'^^naQaivovi'zojv, eiTrsQ ^e^aiozatov to zavza ^cficpe- 
Qovza yai noXeui xal Idicoraig elvai, fi)/ fieXXszs llozidaidzaig zs noi- 
sictOai ztfimQiar, ovai /JcoQievGi yal vno ^Icovcov TioXiOQXovfAevoigj 
ov TiQozsQOv rjv zovvaviiov, ya\ zojv dXXojv ftezeXdeiv zqv iXevOs- 
Qiav. 2. cog ovyJzi evdeyezai nsQiiAevopzag zovg fier tjdi] ^Xan^is- 
<3dai, zovg d\ el yvcoaOijaofieOa ^vveXOorzsg fiev, dfAVvsaOat ds ov 
ToXfioovieg, fil] noXv varsQov zo avio ndaieiv dXXa vofAioavzeg 
en dvdyyjp' aq)t)[dai, co avd^eg ^vfifiayor, yai a}xa zads aQiaza 
XeysaOai, -ipijcpiaaaOs zov noXe^iov, ^aij cpo^rid^ivzsg zo aviixa dsi'^ 
por, z7jg d^ an avzov did nXsiovog 8iQt]V7]g Inid^v^riaarreg' in ttoIs- 

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fiOv fJLSv yccQ siQtjvt] fiaXlov ^s^aiovTaiy acp ijav^iag ds ^// nolsft'^' 
(Tat 01'^ ofzoioog a'Aivdvvov. 3. y^ai ttip Hads67i]>iviap sv tij Elladi 
noXiv TVQavvov 7]y7j6afxspoi mi naaiv ofioiojg xaOeoTdvai, (hats r&p 
usv fidrj ciQ'^eiv, rojv 8s diavoeiad'ai., TraQacJzijaojfxtxf^a entl^ovziig, 
ytai avTOi axifdvrcog to Xoinov olxcofitv, xat. rovg ^pvv dsdovXcoiA^- 
vovg Ellijvag iXsvd^SQCoaooiASv. joiama ol KoQivd'ioi dnov. 

CXXY. 01 ds ^axedaifAonoi snsidq acp andvrcov 7jxov6ar 
yvwfirjv, iprjqiov iirriyayo'P toig ^vfi^dyoig anaaiv o6oi naQfjaav i'^Jjg fisi^ovi iXdaaon ttoXsi' to TiXr/dog s\pr]q)iaario Tro- 
XsiisTv. 2. dsdoy/Asrov ds avTOig svdvg ^sv ddv'para tfp mr/^tiQHP 
dnaQaaysvoig ovaiv, inTTOQi^eGd^at ds idoKSt sxdaToig a nQOUcpoQa 
7iv yal (XYj shai fA,sXXi]6t'P. of^mg ds y,ad^i6Taiisvoig dv sdsi. inccvrog 
fAsv ov diETQi^ri^ sXaaaov ds^ 71q)v so^aXsiv ig tJ/^ ^Att^ativ ya). top 
noXsfAOv dqaai^ai cpavsQcog, CXXYI. iv TOvrcp ds InQna^svovro 
'T(p XQOTCo TTQog Tovg A&tjvaiovg iyxXi]iAa7a noiov^isfoi^ oncog ocpiow 
on lAsylcTt] TTQoqjaaig sit] rov noXs^slv^ i]v fi?] tl iaayovooac. 2, x«g 
77o(x}zov lisv TiQta^sig niiAxpavTsg ol Aaysdai^ovioi SKtXsvov Tovg 
\40i]vaiovg zo dyog iXavfSfv TTJg d'sov' to ds dyog r^v towvds, 
3. KvXcov ■t]v ^OXvpmioviyrig dvriQ ^Adrivaiog roo^ ndXai svysvi\g 
7S yal dvvatog' lysyaiAijKSi ds dvyaisQa Osaysvovg MsyaQsoyg 
dvdgog, og ya-z ixttvov tov ^qovov szvqdvvsi Msydgcov. 4. yQcofisvco 
ds T^ KvXan Iv /^sXcpoXg dvsiXsv 6 dsog, sV Ty tov Awg tt} ^syiaTij 
soQTJi yazaXa^siv ttiv "Adrjvaioov d'AQonoXiv. 5. o ds naqd ts tov 
Ssayivovg dwaixiv Xa^cov yai rovg q;iXovg dvanelaag^ errtidi] STZtiX- 
xfev ^OXvixnia rd Iv TIsXonovvri6(p, yaTsXa^s Ttj-p d-nQonoXiv cog Im 
TVQavvidi, vo^iiGag soQTtjv ts tov Aiog fisyiGTtjv shea yal savz^ ti 
nQOOt'iysiv ^OXvjJinia i'SvtyTjyon. 6. si ds rr t§ 'Atji-aii, 'Ij dXXoOi 
nov, rj ^syioTi] soqtt] siQi]T0, ovrs sysTvog hi yaztvoijGc, to ts fiav- 
TsTov ovy sdriXov. s6ti yaQ yai ^Adijvaioig /lidnia, a yaXscTai, 
Aiog soQT't] MsiXt^iov fisyLGTrj, s%co Tyjg noXscog, sv ?} nardrifAsl dvov- 
(71, TZoXXol ov^ isQSia dXXd dvjAara snii^Qia' doxcov ds ogdag 
yiypojoysiv ins^sigijas tq) SQy(^. 7. ol d' 'Adqviuoi aio-O-ofisvoi, 
fpoi]d7]adt> TS navdrifisi sy tow dygav in avrovg, ycu nQoayadsXo- 
lisvoi ETToXwQyovp. 8. ][q6vov ds STnytyi'o^iSPOv 01 'Ad-qvaloi tqv 
^o^sfoi Ty TTQoasdQSia dniqX&ov ol noXXoi, mLTQtipavztg TOtg ivpm 
iQyovai Ttjv (pvXay^r, yal to tzolp avioyqdzoqai diaOeivat^ | af 

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aQt07U diayiyvaG-AOJOi' rozs ds 7a 77 olXa 7 k)v TZoXnrA^v oi ivft'a 
aoyovTi',^ STTQaoaor,''' 9, 01 ds ficza 70v Kvlcopo^' 7ioliOQy,ov^evoi 
sjlavQoctg eijov 6itov rs Koti, vdarog dnoQicc. 10. 6 (asi> ovv KvXmv 
K(u 6 ddtXcfog avrov iKdidQaaxovaiv' ol 8' allot cog ma%ovro ruzi 
TAvtg xat dntdvriGKOV vno lov Xijiov^ KaOi^ovoiv snc rov ^ooixov I'/J- 
-nil I or 8v 771 o(,KQono%H. 11. dvaaTTjoafreg ds alnovg ol tcop 
yldiiratcov ETtizsiQa/Afisvoi ryv q^vlaxijv, cog sojqcov dno&PiiaKovzcxg 
fV icp iEQ(p, icp CO fAijdev naxov noirjaovaiv^ dTiayayovreg dritKisivav * 
'AaOttofitpovg ds tivag xal mi roop gs^vc^v x^e&p iv roTg ^cofxolg Iv 
J I] TiaQodcp die^QTiaavjo. xai dnh tovtov ivayttg yud dXirtjQioi 
7j]g d'sov EKEivoi TS sxalovvzo, Kat to ytvog to an sxeivcov, 
12. i^Xaaav fxsv ovv xai ol ^A&rivaloi tovg Ivayug tovtovg, ijXa- 
Gb ds xal KXsofitprig 6 Aaasdaiixonog vcfzsqov fuezd ^^dtjraicov 
otaaia^ovtwv, tovg ts ^ojviag sXavvovisg Kal tar ts&recorcov ta 
ijGtd dpsXofteg i^s^aXov natTJXdov fxsvroi v^tSQov, xal to yevog 
uvrcov 'iativ sri iv tri noXsi. CXXVII. tovto dt] to dyog ol 
Aa^isdcuiAOvioi sXavvsiv iyJXsvov dij&svtoTg d'solg ttqStop tifxcofjovr- 
Tsg, eldoTsg ds UsQixXea top SccvB^ltttzov nQO(J8)[Ofi£vop avzcp yata 
ti'iv fujtSQa, xai poixiXovTsg SKneuovtog avjov Qaop (Jcptoi ttqoicoqhv 
ta ano tap ^^driPaicov. 2. ov ^ivxoi toaovtov riXnitov nadsiv 
av aviop tovTO, ooop dia^oXrfP oiastv avzq^ nqog trjp ttoXip, cog xai 
diatijp ixtipov ^VfiqjOQav to /jie'Qog sat at 6 ^roXepiog. 3. cop yciQ dvpa- 
tcotatog t&p KaO^ savtov >tal aycov tijv noXiteiap rivavtiovxo nap- 
la toTg Aay.sdaiiW'vioig, xal ovx eta vnsiysiv, a/X ig tor rwXefiof 
(OQjAa tovg uddiivaiovg. 

CXXYin. '^ptsyiXsvov ds y.a\ ol 'Adripcdoi tovg Aaxsdai 
fiopiovg to (XTio TaiPCCQOv ayog iXavpstp. ol yaq Aaysdat^iona 
dpaotrjaavisg nots ek tov Isqov tov Iloasidmpog ano Taivaqox. 
tciip ElXcotcov vAstag, dnayayoptsg ditcpd^siQar ' di op di] yuu acpioii 
avtoig po^i^ovai tov ^isyav asiafiov yspta&ai ir ^ncz^rri. 2. sxs 
Xsvop ds :i(u to tijg XcdyiorAOV ayog sXavvsiv aviovg' eytrsio d„^ 
rodvds. 3. msidij Ila.vaariag AaKsdatfAonog to nQaror ^uta 
•rn^icpOtig vno I^naQtiatcop dno t'ijg aQitjg ti^g h> 'Ellr^cynopico^ 
ycu yqidstg vri avtmv dnsXvdt] ^ly ddrASir, drifAOGiCi o vasts 
l-hnbiACfdrj, Idicz ds aviog toirjQij Xa^ojv 'EgfALOPida arev yhmsdai- 
}A'-ivmv dcpmrsiTai ?V 'EXX)]onov70v' t(o f-isv Xoyco hii ihr 'EXXfjn' 


Hosle6 by 


68 eoTKTJi/iOf AfrrpA^H^ 

mv TtoleiAOv, t^ ds 'iqyco ia nqog ^acJiXsa nqdyiiaTa nqdaaup^ 
SoTtSQ >ial to TTQcoTov' in8)(^siQ7jasv, iqji^ix^vog 'EXXjjfrArjg a^XW* 
4. sveqyeoiav ds ano rovds tiqcotov sg ^acilea Kartdsjo y,ai tov 
rtariog nQay^atog aQ][ijv inot/jdaTo' 5. Bvt^dvriov yaq sloov ly 
TtQorsQa naqovoia fisicc jriv Ik Kvttqov ava'/^G)Q7](J(v, eij^ov ds Mi]doi 
avro xal ^a(JiXmg nQOGij'Aovtig ziveg xal ^vyyeveig^ ol sdXcoaav S'p 
avicp, tors tovzovg ovg eXa^ev dnoniiinei ^aotXei KQvq^a tojv dXXosp 
'<§vfA,fid](^cop, to) ds Xoyqt diredQccaav avrov, 6. snQaaae da tavia 
(Aszd Foyyvlov tov 'EqerQi^wg^ cottsq STistQtxpe to te, Bv^dvtiov xai 
tovg aixf^aXcotovg. STZsiAipe ds kuI iTnatoXtjf tov FoyyvXov cptgor- 
ta avtq} ' Ivsysyqanto 8s tdds iv avzfif cog vateqov dvsvQsOri, 
7. Ilavoaviag 6 Tjysiimv tijg ^ndqirig tomds ts aoi ^aQi^eGdai 
^ovXof^sfog aTiOTTspiTTSt doqi iXoov, kul yvcofxtji^ noiovixai, si aoi 
doKEif -dvyatsqa ts t'ljv otjv yrj^cct Kal ooc ^ndqtiiv is koI ti]y 
aXX7]v 'EXXdda vno'^slqiov Tioujaai. dvvatog ds doxoj slvai tavta 
Tjqd^ca f.iszd aov ^ovXsvofxsvog. si ovv ti 6S tovzcov dqhxsif TTSfxns 
dvdqa niazov sni ddXaooav di ov to Xomov tovg Xoyovg noajaoixs- 
■da. CXXIX. toaavta ^Jisv 'ij yqaq}7] idtjXov. SsQ'^}]g ds ^aOi] ts 
tri STttatoXy anoozsXXsi Aqta^a'Qov thv ^Paqvd-Aov ini ddXaa- 
aaVj Hat xsXsvsi avt'ov tr^f ts /JaoxvXitLv oazqansiav naqaXa^siv, 
Msya^dtrjv dnaXXd^avzaj og nqotsqov i/qx^f y^cci naqd Uavaaviav 
ig Bv^dvtiov IniatoXriv dvtSTZstidsi avtco (hg tdiiGza dianiixxpai, 
K(u Tqv 6q)qayida dnobslt^ai, tjv ri avtm Uavaaviag naqayyiX- 
X7j7X£ql tav savtov Tiqay^udzooVy nqdacsiv cog dqiaza kolI matoraza. 
2. 6 ds dqjixof^svog td ts aXXci STZoiijasv cogttsq s'l'qijto y.ui tijv Ini- 
(StoXr^v dLSTzsfAifjsv' dvtsyiyqanto ds tdds. 3. 'S2^s Xsysi ^aoiXsvg 
S,sq^'t]g Uavaapia, aai toov dpdqcov, ovg f.ioL nsqav daXdcyat^g sk 
Bv^avziov sGcoaag, xsirai goi, svsqys6ia iv tcp ?)fistsqcp orAco saasl 
didyqaTtzog, toTg Xoyoig toig dnh aov dqscr>toficu. yai as fxrits 
vVS, fi7]x)^ 7]fAsqa sniGistco coats dvslvai nqdaasiv ti cov s^ol v/uaX'Plh 
fUjds ^qvaov dqyvqov dccTxdvrj ysxcoXva&co, ii7]ds cytqatidg nXvOet^ 
81 not dsl Tzaqayiyi'saihu ' dXXa (isi \4q7a^dt,ov dvdqhg dyaOov^ 
ov aoi snsfA,\paj nqdaas dccqacpv yuu td ifict td ad otiti ydlXi- 
aza yai dqiata s^ei d^cpoziooig. CXXX. tavta Xa^cov o Uccv 
octviag td yqdiiiAara, ^v nqozsqov iv (isyaJxp d'^icofiatt vrm 
tmv 'EXXijvQor did tTjv JlXatcadaiv yysfioriav, noXXcp tots fidlXot 

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LIB. 1. cAf. OXAXl. C'XXXIL 59 

ijQTO Hdi ovHSTi rfivvaTo zv r(p KCid Eoxrinori tQOTrcp^ioreveiv, ilia 
oxevag 78 M^jdrAvcg tv8v6iAtpog sk rov Bv^avriov iiysi, aal dia -tijg 
QQaxTjg TTVQtvofiei'OP aviov Mifioi xat AlyvnTWi idoQvq)6()ovp. 
2. tQane^dv is TltQaimiv naQtti&i-^o 'Aai Kari:')(^eiv irjv didfoiav om 
?^dvrazo, aXX 8(j')'0ig ^Qci^toi TTQOvd/jXov a rfj ^vojiati i^ei^ovcog iomti- 
za sfiaXlf. TZQCc^eiv. dvartgoaooov is avzov naQti'^ay y.a\ rrj oQyri 
ovim lalnnr^ i^QV^^ ^'^' ^dvtng o^oiojg, coajs fA,7j8eva dvvaadai 
nqoodvai' dioneQ y,ai TZQog lovg 'Adipaiovg ovy^ ijxKjra jj ^vjX' 
piay^ia lAeieazr]. CXXXI. ol ds ylaxedaifionoi aiaOofievot, to re 
7TQCJT0P di' avzd tavTa dpeyiuleaav avrov, xal ineidl] zy 'Egfuovidi 
vr^i TO deV'Tegov ixTzXevGag ov yieXevodpTCov avT^v TOiavza iqicuvsro 
nomv, in rov Bvt^avTiov ^ia vtz ^^d^tivalonv i^nohoQxfjdaig 
?g fisp T)]v 2!ndQTt]v ovk STzavs^ooQSi, ig ds Kolmvag Tag TQqyddag 
Idiwdelg^ nQda(S(av te EGriyy^XXexo avzoig nQog rovg ^UQ^dgovg, xal 
oux In dya&^ t7]p fxovtjv noiovfisvog^ ovtko 3?] ovyJti inta^ov, dX- 
Id TTtfiipavTeg Krjgvyia ol icpOQOi aai, ayivrdltiv unov tov yJjQvxog fitj 
iHTieaOaij el ds fA,i], TiolEfiov uvt^ ^TiaQJidzag nqoayoQavtiv. 2. o 
8? ^ovXofiEvog 00^' ijmGTa vnoTizog that Kal Tziazevcov lQ>]i^aoi dia- 
Ivativ Ttjv 8ia^oXi]p, dpe^^mgei to 8evTeQ0v ig ^naqTv^v. >iai ig (xsv 

z\v UQKT7JV mniTlTH TOTTQOJTOV V7Z0 Tav SCpOQCOP ' S^86Tl 8s TOig 

icpoQOtg TOV ^aaiXia Sgdaai tovto ' ineiTa 8ia7iQa^dfxsvog vazaQOv 
i^r/Xd^s, Kal xadi^Ti^oiv savzhv ig xgioiv ToTg ^ovXofxivoig ntQi avtov 
iXiyy^Hv. CXXXII. xai cpavsQov asv d^ov ov8sv ol ^TraQzidzai 
ariiitiov, ovz£ ol i'^dQOi ovze tj ndaa noXig, orcp av niGTSvaavTeg 
^tfaicog, szifiooQOvrzo av8Qa yivovg tb tov ^aoiXnov opt a Kal iv 
T<^ naQOVTi TifA,rjv iiopTa ' nXsiazaQ^ov yaq zov y^HOPi8ov ovza 
^aoiXia xal piov bti dvexpiog ojv intTQonavEV ' 2, vnoxpiag 8s noX- 
Xdg naqsiys^ zy ts fiaQapofzia xal i^tjXdasi twv ^aQ^dgodp, /^^ hog 
SovXea&at elvai zoig naqovaiy r« ts dXXa avzov dptayionovv eizi 
nov i^£8s8ii^Tr^T0 Tmv xad^saTc^zcov vofxifioov xai on stti tov zQL7io8a 
noze TOV iv /IsXqioTg, ov drtdeaav ol EXXqvsg dno twv M^8(or 
dxQodiviov, Tj^icoGsv iniyQaxbaad^ai avzog i8ia zo iXsydov t68€j 
^EXXfiPcov dQXtiyos iTZBi GTQazo9 aXeas Mrficov, 
navaaviag 0oi^(p fAvTiU dvi'Oqxs Tode. 
3. zo lASP ovv iXeysiop ol yJaasSaiixovioi i'^emXaxpav sv&vg tots 
dno TOV TQino8og zovro, y:al insygaipap ovofiaozl Tag noXsig oqat 

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60 oorKT/iiJor STrrPAfpHZ. 

^vyKaVslovdai rov ^dg^aQOv sanjaav to avadr^ia ' tov ^gWoi 
Ila-maviov aoiaTjfAa 7ial zovt idoxei eivai, 'Aai Eneidrj sv rovrqi 
y.aOeiGc7jX£i, nolXc^ ^allov TxaQOfiOiov Trga^drjj'aL 8q)air870 i'^ 
naQOvoxi diaroia. 4. invvd^dvo'rro 8s hoc sg rovg Eilcozag nQaaastp 
•ci avzoi', xal i^v ds ovroog ' ilsvd-sQcoGiv re yaq vnia'/^velto avzoTg 
:<u} nolntlav^ r^v ^vrs7iava(Jzmat xai to Tzav ^vyxareQyaGco'ptaL 
5. ulX ovd' cog ovds toov EiXc^toov fir^i'vialg tiai Tnazsvoavteg 
'}jE,i(x)6av 'paojieQcv ii noiuv tig avtov, ^Qcof^svoi r^ rQono^ 4^71Eq sico- 
iiaaiv ig acpdg avTOvg, fit] taxeig thai tzsqi dvdgog JEnaQzidiov 
aptv drafiqia^T^niimv rey^fajQicov ^ovXsmai ti dv^yieazoVj ttqiv y^ 
dt] avTOig, dog Xtysraij 6 fisXXoar idg TtXsvzaiag ^aaiXu imaxoXag 
TZQog ^^Qrdl^a^ov KOfA,t£Tv dvrjQ ^AqyiXiog, naidi^id tiots ojp avTov 
}{iu niQzotaxog lyMvcg, lAqrvTrig yiyvszai, deiaag ^ard ifdv^tjaip 
7ira on ovdsig nm toov tzqo solvzov dyysXoav ndXiv dcpixetOj xal 
TzaQanoir^odusvog Gcpqaylda, iva 7]v ipevad^y zrjg do^ijg // aal iaeivog 
11 jj^szayQdipai alzi^ari, i^uj sniyv^y Xvh zdg miatoXdg, iv alg vtzopo^ 
Ti^ag rt zotovio TTQoaensaidXdat. avzov avQSv iyyeyQafifA.ho'p 
•azuvtiv. CXXXill. joza Ss oi ecpogoi. dsi^avzog avzov rd y^d^A,- 
nam [xdXXov }asv IniazuvGav, avT}jK00t da ^ovXTjdivzsg hi ytvmdai 
avtov Tlavaariov zi Xeyorzog^ dno naqaay-avrig zov dvQqmnov Ini 
TaivaQov lyJzov oi)(^of4,b'voVy aai 6>i}]V7]Ga{A,8vov SittXtJv dtacpQay^azi 
y.aXv^t]yy 4' ?^ '2"<«^ ^^ icfOQcov ivzog zivag tyQvxps, Hat IlavGaviOV 
(hg avzov iXdofzog aal SQoozoofzog riiv nQOcpaoiv 7rjg IxErsiag 
r^aifovro ndvza aaqjcog^ alzicofxsvov zov dvx^Qc^nov rd ze tthqi avzov 
yQacphza ya\ rdXX dnoq)aivovzog^ anaaiov, d>g ov&v tk^tiozz 
avzov sv zalg nQog ^aGiXs'a diayovlaig naQa^dXoixOy 7rQozifA7]dsit] (5* 
iv iacp zoig noXXolg zmv dtayovojv dnodaveiv, naKsivov avzd ravza 
^vvofioXoyovvzog aa} ttsql zov naQOviog ovk soovtog ogyi^eaOai, 
dXXd nlaziv sk zov Isqov didovrog z7^g dvaardascog, nai d^iovv^ 
log cog zd^iGza noQSveadai yau (-(}] za TzgaGGOfiSva diaxooXveiv. 
CXXXIY. d'AOvaavzsg ds dxQi^mg lozs fisv dnriXdov oi tqoQoi^ 
Be^iaioog ds 7]drj eidoreg sv zy tzoXsl ii^p ^vXXTjiptv snoiovvio. XtyB" 
rai d^ avtov, fisXXovza ^vXXriQpdriasGd'ai sv. zri odm, spog fisv zc^p 
iq)6QCov 70 TiQOoconov nqoGWViog wg side, yvSvai icp cp iy^ojgsi, dl- 
Xov ds v£V(AazL dcpavsi iQijaaiisvov dqXdaavzog svvoia, Tigog ro 
IsQOv zijg XaXmoiKOv ^ojQ7j(jai d()6iA(p Ka] nQOxazacpvytiv ' \v d\ 

Hosted by 



iy^vg 70 rtfu-fog. xai 4' oUvriua ov lii-^'a o ■rp> rov Uqov sa8X\}c6p^ 
iva fif] vnaidQiog laXatTZWQoujf iiaviaL^tv. 2. ol ds to naQaviUa 
lAev vartQijaav rrj dico^aiy fASicc ds tovio tov in oiKfJiAaiog xhv oqO" 
cpov acptiXov, >iai rag dv^ag^ hdov ovia TijQijoavzEg avzov, 
ixnola^ovieg tiaco, a7Tcpxod6f.irioaVf nQoaxaOt^oiAtvoL rs i'^enoXioQ- 
y.riGwv Xiiup. 3. xac ixtXXovTog avrov ano\pvj^Eiv coontQ tl^i^.v iv icp 
oiKijfAari, aladofitvoi is 8^dyova(v hk zov leoov sri sfAnvovv ovia, 
KLU i^a'/d^t}g aniOava Tiaqay^ql]\xa. 4. avrov lixiXXijoav fisv 
Eg rov Kaiddav ovneQ rovg xaxovQyovg SfA^aXXaiv ' siraiza sdo^s 
nXrialov nov yiaroQv^ca. 6 ds -O^eog o i-v /JtXcpoIg rov 7« rdqjop 
vareQOv iiQijae roig ^axedaif^iovioig ^tereveyy^tiv ovrzsQ dns&ave, Tial 
vvv KBirtu Iv roj nqozB^sviGixari, o yQcccpfi aiijXai dqXovai, yuu cog 
dyog civjoig hv to mnQayiitvov dvo ooouara dvd' ivog rfi XaXyjoi- 
Kcp aTTodovvai. ol ds'noiriadiievot, ^aXxovg dvdQidvrag dvo wg dvil 
Uavaavlov dvidtaav. (u^X.^Y. ol ds \4&i]vaioi, cog yal jov 
■&t.ov dyog nQivavtog, dvrsnira^av roig ^aKsdiu^iovtoig iXavvei^ 
avzo. 2. rov ds Mrjdio^iov zov Uavoaviov Aaa^daifAOvwi, nQh,' 
oSsig ntjixpavreg naQa jovg '^Oijvaiovg ^vvenriTi&vro lov 0e- 
liiaroylm^ dog tVQiayov ix t&v nsQi Ilavaaviar iXsyy^cor, rj^iovv rs 
roig avzolg y^oXd^sad^ai avrov. 3. ol ds nsiddsvTsg, szv](^s ydg 
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ri]v dXXrjv UtXonovvriaov^ TztfiTTOvai fxsrd z^v ^antdatfiovicor, 
izoifioov bvrcov ^vvdicoxsiv, drdQag olg siQijzo dystv otzov dv ttsqljv- 
^coaiv. CXXXVI. 6 ds OsfxiazoxXTJg TZQoatudof^evog cpavysi fx 
UsXonovvriGOv eg KsQxvQav, av avrcov svsQyhr]g. dedisvai ds 
qjaaxorzoov KsQxvQaioov sy^siv avzov co6is Aaxtdaijiovioig xat 
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MoXo6o6ov ^aaiXb'a oiza avrq;> ov cpiXov yaraXvaai. 3. aai 6 fisv 
ovK hvy^sv inidriiA&)v, o ds zr^g yvvaixog ixiz7]g ysvofisvog diddaxsrai 
vn avrtjg rov naida acpoov Xa^mv xadi^sodai im rtjv sariav. xal 
iX'&ovzog ov TzoXv vazsgov zov 'Adiiijrov d/]XoTz6og sgzi, xat ot'A 
dhoTj si ri dga avrog dvrsmsv avrq> Adijvaioov dsofisvcp, q)Svyov7a 
zi^cogsiad-ai. yul ydg dv vn ixsivov noXXcp daOsrsazsQOv. iv rq> 
naQOvrt Kaaoog ndaysiv^ ysvvaiov ds slvai zovg ofioiovg dno rov 

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62 euTKi'jjiztor ArrrPAfpJi^. 

iGOv TifKOQEiadciL Kai afia avtog fxsv ^auvc^ l^^ag rtvhg kiu Qm 
ig 70 ac^iui acx^^sadai k'avTKad^TJvai, Exeivov d' av d SKdou] amor, 
sincop vqi (xa^ xai scp cp diooKSzai, acoTT^Qiag av iTJg xpvpjg anoar^- 
QTjaat. ds ay.ovaag anati^ai is avxov fxsia lov savrov vU.og, 
cooneQ %ooj^ aviov SKai^s^sro, Kal iityiGTov Ijv lyJievixa jovto, 
OXXXVIL xai varegov op 7zoXl(^ totg ^a'Atdaifj-ovioig y,al 
Adqvaloig iX-domi nolXk unov6iv ovk h/^idcoaiv, alX ano- 
Gzellti ^ovlouavov cog ^aoilsa TiOQevO^jjvat em r-^jv izsQav ddXaaaav 
ns^Xi eg Ilvdvav i^v ^AXi-'^dvdQOv. 2. ev r) oXnadog tv^iiv ava^o- 
liei'Tig en Iwviag xai eni^ag xaTacptQezai ^eifxoon ig ro '^{^ij'i'aioov 
OTQaronedov stioXwqhu A^d^ov. xaiy yv ydg dyvcag zoTg ev zrj 
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7isido}iS'PCp d' avTcp X^Qiv dnoiivriaead^ai a^iav^u o ds vcivy,hjQog 
noiel TS zavTa, dnoaaXevoag t]fX8Qar xai I'vyaa vnsQ zov ozQa- 
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78 Ad7]t'cov naqk jcov q)iXo3p y.(u fS "AQyovg a VTie^txeiTOj koi 
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enioiza eiiol dvdyxri 7jf.ivv6u')]v, tzoXv d' hi tzXhoo dyadd, eTzeidt] ev 
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q)iXiav. ^ovXofiai d eviavjov euiaymv avzog 60t -nsgi wv ijxm 
drjXc^aai. CXXXYIII. [iaaiXevg de, ojg Xtytraij ^e&avfiaae re 
avzov T7]v didroiav xai extXevs noieiv ovzcog. 6 (5' ev jo) XQOVcp ov 
intake, T^ljg TIsQaidog yXcoaatjg oaa Idvvaro xarevoricje xal tojv em- 
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fat nag avrcp pityag, y,al oaog ovdeig ttco 'EXX/jvcov, did rs irrp 
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uvro) dovXooGsiv, ^mh(yxa ds ano 70v ntiQciv didovg ^vvdrog qiaifs* 
o'ifcu. 3. fjv yao 6 Qtfu^toxXjjg ^spaio^aTa drj qjvGsoog loivv dijloj- 
'jag, dKzcpEQorioog xi eg avro fiaXlov sitQOv ahog davfAUdai, 
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>ial xcop fiellovTcov sm nluatov lov yepijaofispov aQiatog eixaoTijg, 
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dwdftsi,, lAsXhrjg ds ^Qa)^vzriTiy yQciiKiTog 5^ ovTog avjo(Ji8bid'Q8iv 
rd dtovta iy8v8T0. 4. rooijaag ds zsXsvia top ^tov Xsyovac ds 
ziv8g ya) ixovaiop qaQ^dxq) dnodavtT-r avzov, ddvvatov rOfAiaapta 
scpai imzsXioat ^aoiXsT a vnmyzzo. 5. iivriii8lov \i8v ovv avrov iv 
Mayv7]6ia iaz) zy '^6iavfj iv zy dyoQci' zavzrig ydq 7]q^8 zlig 
1(0Qag, do prog ^aailiojg avzq> Mayvijalav fisv aQtov, i] nQoaicpsgs 
TTSvz/ixovza zdXavza zov iviavzov, ^dpixpaKOv ds olvov ' idoxst yag 
TToXvoivozazov z^v z6z8 sivai ' Mvovvza ds oxpov. 6. za ds oozd 
cpaai K0fx(,a&7]vai avzov ol nQOd/jXOPZsg orAuds xsXsvaapzog iysivov 
%ai Tsd-qvai yQvqia '^(frjvaiosp iv ry 'Azzixiy ov ydg i^yv Odnzeiv 
wg im nQodoaia cpsvyorzog. -7. zd f.isv yazd TJavGaviav zov 
Aaxsdaiiioviov yai OsfiiazoxXsa zov ^drjvuToVy Xa^nqozazovg 
ysvoiASvovg zcov yad" savzovg 'EXXiiPoov, ovzcog sisXsvzriO'sv. 
CXXXIX. Aaysdaiiiovioi ds im fup zrjg nqcozijg TYQsa^siag 
zoiavra 87787 a^dp zs xai drrsKsXsvad^Gav tisqi, z&p svayojp zljg 
tXaascog ' vgtsqov ds qjoizoovzsg nag 'u4dqvaiovg Iloiidaiag zs 
dnavLGzaad'ai ixsXsvnv yal yityivav avrovoiiov dqiivai, yuu ^.idXi- 
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(j&ai zolg Xif-iiai zoig sv zr} 'Ad^rivaioav aQixi pir/ds zfj yJiziHTj ayoQa. 
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doQiozoVf yai dvdQUTZodoov^ vnodoy)]v zcov dcpiazapiivoav. 3. ziXog 
ds dqnyoptivcov zoov zsXsvzamp nQia^sav ix Aaxsdalpiovogy 'Pau- 
qiov zs >tal MsXrjatTtnov ya\ \4yrj6dpdQ0u, xia Xsyovzoov dXXo pdv 
ovdsv cov nqozsQOv slcodsaav, avid ds zdds, ozi Aaxsdiupiovioi 
ilovXorzai rrjv 8iQ?jvrjv sJvai, ei'i] d^ dv si zoug 'EXXrjvag avzovoiwig 

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64 OOTKT/il/IOT STrrPA*l>Il2. 

aqjUte, noirjaavrirg SK>i7j](jiav ol ^A&ijvaloi yroj^nzi; ucpldif avroT^ 
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nQivaadai. 4. naqiovreg allot ze ttqIIol slsyov, hi di^cpote^ 
Qoc yiyvofAevoi zaTg yvca^cag, cog XQ7] nolefieiv kcu cog fATj 8i.in6diov6 
eivai to ipriq)ia[Aa Eigrirrigj alia yad&luv, xa) TiaQsl&oov UeQiyJriQ 
6 Sa'P&ifZTXOv, avqq v^ax vauvov iov y^qovov nqmxog ^^dijvamv, 
ItyBiv 78 yat nqaaoHv dvvarojTatog, TraQjivei roiaSe. 
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HTiSiv nelo7ZOvv7]6ioig, y^aiTiBQ alSchg tovg avdqcanovg ov jfi uvTrj 
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8s rag ^vficpOQag yal rag ypwfiag 7QS7T0fA,8P0vg. 6q^ ds yai m 
ofioia yal TraQaTilrjata ^vfi^ovlsvTsa fioi. ovra, yal tovg avaneiOo- 
usvovg vfimv biyam roTg yoivri do^aaiPf riv aqa it acpallmfieda^ 
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l^xai yaQ Tag ^vfA.q)OQag r^v TTQayfidtcov ovi rjaoov dfiadoog X^Q'^I" 
aai Tj Kai tag dtaroiag lOv av\}Qco7T0v' dioTZEQ ^ai zi]v Tvx^^f oaa 
dv Tiaod loyov Svfj^ri em&aiiev alxida&ai. 2. yiaysdatiAonoi 8a 
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EiQijfxivov yaq 8rAag pisr xc^v diacpoQo^v dllriloig 8i8ovai yai, ^fcyf^"* 
(S&at, 'ix^i'V 8s sxaxsQovg k 'ixofisv, ovts avxoi ttoj i^xqaav ovzs, 
fj^ioov 8i86vT(x}v Stjovxai, ^ovlovxaL 88 nolsiico ^xdllov // loyotg xa 
iy>ili]fiaxa dialvsad^at, yial miTaoaovxeg ri8r], xai. ovyixi alxtdiASvoij 
TzaQsiai. 3. noxi8aiag xs ydq dnaviaraadai yslsvovat, Ai- 
yivav avxovof^op dcpitvai Kai. xo MeyaQt'oop \pi]Cpia^ua yad^aiQHP' oi 
8s xelsvxaToi oi8s yxovxeg ya} xovg '^Ell)]rag TiQoayoQSvovaiv avzo- 
po^Aovg dcpiivaf. 4. v^.^v 8s iA)]8s]g vofiiari ttsqI ^Qaxsog dp Tiolsfistp 
u xo Meyaqscop ip/icpi6fia firj yadtlotfASP, 07zsq i^dliaxa r/Qovxopzai., 
si KaOaiQsd 817], fi7] dv yiyvso&ai xov ■nolsfA.ov' fA-}]8' iv vfup avxotg 
ahiav vTtoliTzrjo&s oac 8i.d [aikqop i/iolsfi/jaaxs. 5. xo ydo §Qaxv xi 
zovzo ndaav vfmv f/ji xqv ^sfaicoaip yal nsigav xljg yvcoiirig, olg 8i 
'§vyX'^Q^^^^^j xcfj alio XI fA.ei^0'P svd^vg iTZixaxOrjasad^s, chg cpo^cp yai 
zovzo i TiaxovGapxsg' dTZiax^^qiadfisvot 8s aacpsg dv yaxaaxrjaaixs 
avzoTg dno xov i6ov vfAiv fidllop nQoacpsQSGdai, CXLI. avzoOsr 
8)] 8iapo)]\}rixs f; vnayovsip tzqIp xi ^la^Tivai, t] si. TzolsfArjaofASv, ojg 
i^otys dusivop SoxsL slvai, xal inl lAsydlri yai i/ii ^QCtyEm 6fA.0Lcog 
ngoqiaaei [0] si^ovrsg ix7]08 ^vv cpopq) s^opxsg a ysyxrjiASxfa. X7]'P yaq 

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hlB. 1. CAP. CXLII. 65 

avrtjv dvparat dovlcocjiv i] rs fj,syi6T7] aal llapairi dty.ixioaaig ano 
ti^v o\iomv 77QO diKTjg 7:01c: mlcig ETnraaGOfxsvrj. 2. 7« ds 70v 
TTolt'fxov xal Tcoj' SHar^-QOig v7iaQ^6v7C3v cog ovx aG&evsaTsga e^c- 
fiev, yvcote -AaO' sxaoror axovovreg. 3. avrovgyoi rs ydq U6i Tie- 
lo7Ton'7]Gioij nai, ovrs Idtcc ovrs iv y.oif(p ][Qi]fxaTci ianv avroig^ 
irrsna, iqovicov nole^odv y^ai dianovrmv aTzeigot, dia ro ^Qay^iodg 
avToi In dlli^lovg vno nevlag 87Ticf8QEiv. 4. xal ol loiovzoi. ovrs 
i'uvg nXriQovvreg ovrs Tte^dg arQaiidg noXXdyug butts fA,7Teiv dmavTai, 
dno rav Idicov rs afAa dnovrsg, xai ano rwv avroop dajzavcoprsgj 
xal TTQOGSTi y,(u d^ald607]g siQyofisvoi' 5. at ds nsQiovoiai rovg 
nolmovg ^dXlov tj al ^icuot iarpoQai dvs]^ov<JL (jcoptaai rs STOifwrS' 
Qoi ol aviovQyo) rmp dv&QcoTicov ?/ ^Qi^f^aai TZolsfisTv, ro ^isv TZioror 
sjovrsg fx r(Xiv yivdvpcov xdv nsQiysvmQai, ro 8s ov ^s^aiov firj ov 
nQoavalcoosiVj aXloog rs ydv naQCi do^av, ottsq sixog, TioXsfiog 
avroig fAriyvpt^tat. 6. ^cc;^?] f^sv yag fiia nqog anavrag EXXijvag 
dwarol IJsXonovvriaioi y,ai ol ^v^ixa'/^oi dvriaysiv, TZoXsfisTv ds ^i] 
TTQog of-ioiav dprinaQaaKsviiP ddvvaroi, orav liiqrs ^ovXsvrijQicp svl 
^QMfiSPOi TTUQay^Qri^d ri o^sojg mirsX^aiy ndvrsg rs i66xfjt]q}0i ovrsg 
yai OV'/ 0fA,6cpv7.0i ro icp savrov sxaarog UTZSvdri' i^ cov cpiXsl ^)]8sv 
ImrsXsg ylyvsodai, 7. yuQ ol fxlp oog iidXicyra rijicoQrjGacjdai 
riva ^ovXovrai, ol ds cog r^xiara rd oixsia cpdsTQCu. yqovioirs ^vpc- 
orrsg sr ^Qa^si ^isv fiOQtcp oxottovgl ri rcov "AOIV^p, rc^ ds ttXsovi ra 
oi}isia fiQdaaovcJi. yal sxaarog ov Tiagd rriv savrov d^sXsiav oisrai 
BXaxpSLv, ^sXsiv 8s ripi xat dXXcp vnsQ savrov ri ttqoI'SsTv, cogrs rco 
avrcp vno dndvrcov i8ia 8o^d(yfiari Xavd^apsiv ro yioipov adQoov 
(p&siQOfxspov. CXLII. lAtyiaTOV 8s ry rojv y^Qrifmrcov andvsi yco- 
XvGovraij orav c^X^^I (^^T^d noQs^oy.svoi 8iafAsXXco6i ' rov 8s noXsuov 
ol yaiQol ov fASvsioi. 2. yuu ^i]V 01 d' 7) e7nrsi](^i6ig ov8s ro vavri- 
y.ov avrcop d^iov (po^ijOijvai, 3. rriv ^.sp yaQ yaXsnop xai. sv SiQ}]p7j 
noXiv dvrinaXov naoa^KSvdaaaOai, iinov Srj sv noXsixia rs ycu ovy^ 
riGGOv sxsivoig rjfAKfv dprsnirsrsiyiGfiSPCor. 4. cpQovQiov §' si noiu- 
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l-ioXiatgy ov fibvroi lyavov ys sorai Snirsiyjtsiv rs xcoXveiv 'tjndg 
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TTJg daXdoaj]g iniatrnAOvag ysj'S6&ca ov Qccdlcog avroTg nQoayEvrjaQ^ 
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iiniQyaad-t nco * n&g 8)] avdQsg yscogyoi xal ov d-aXdaaioi nqoa^ 
trt oi'ds ^itltTJjaai Eaaofievoi dia to vcp r^fxoov Tzollaig vavGiv dti 
icf'Og^ueto&ai, d'^iov dv ri dg^ev ; 8. TZQog ^Iv yaq oh'yag icpog- 
(Aovaag xav diaxivdvPEvaetav, ttX^Osl ttjv df^a&iav d^Qaavvovrsg, 
TTollaig 8s i:lQyofievoi rjavxoidovGi, aal Iv t(>3 iiij ^sIht^vxi d^vve- 
TwrsQoi eaoviai 5/' avro xai OKvr^QoreQoi. 9. 70 86 vavri'AOv 
z^'^pijg Iguv GianBQ y.a\ alio ti nai, ovk h8i'^erai, oiav Tvyri^ Iy. 
naQSQyov ixirletda&ai, dlld ^dllov ^rj86V ixelvcp ndqegyov alio 
ylyveadai. CXLIII. u le, yuvijaavreg 7&v ^Olviinidaiv ij 
/JelqjoTg igrnidtav, (Aiad^a) fistZon naiQmvro riii&v vnola^eiv lovg 
i^ivovg t&v vavx(^v, firj ovtaiv fj,h i]fi63V dvimdloov la^dvto^v am^v 
78 rm> ^eioixcov 8€{pov dv ijv vvv 81 i68e te vnaQyUy xat 
OTTSQ ygdriGtov xv^sgrriiag 8j[0}X8v Tzoliiag, nat T7]v dllqv vtttjqs- 
aiav Ttluovg aai diA8ivovg // ndaa ?/ dXli] 'Elldg. 2. Ini r(p 
uiv8vvc^ ovSsig dv 88^ai70 tcov ^svcov rqv T8, avrov q)8vy8iVy yal fiszd 
Tijg riaaovog, a^ia il7zi8og oliyoov TjiiEQmv svexa [i8ydlov fuadov 
doGEcog, SKSivoig ^vvaymvi^SGdai, 3. >tal ra fisv rhlonovvrjGicov 
efioiys TOiavxa xai. 7zaQa7ih]Gia 8oy.8i ahai, id 8l r^fAhsQa lovrcav 
te O0V7T8Q 8K8ivo[,g 8fj8fiipaixtjv a7i7]lla^dai yat, alia ovk dno rov 
iaov fisydla ii8iv. 4. riv r Int rr^v ^coQav rjfxojv Tzs^y maiv, rjiAEtg 
iru iriv ixsi-iwv TilsvGovfAsda, nai ovxsti ex tov oiaoiov Eaiai FIe- 
loTTOVvTiGGv fA,SQog Ti Tf-itjOyvai xai Ttjv '^TTim]v anaGav. ol fisv 
ydg oi'X 8%ovgiv dllijv dvzila^Eiv d\iayi, ri\uv 88 Igzi yl] nolli] y.a\ 
kv rtjaoig xai xax fjTTSiQov. fxsya ydg to z7jg '&aldGGi]g ygdzog. 
5. GyJipaaOs 88' eI. ydg rif^isv vTjGiSiaf, zivEg dv dhjrrzozEQoi yGav ; 
Hal vvv yQq on lyyvzaza zovzov 8iavoqd8vzag Z'tjv ^aev yJjv yal 
otxiag dcp8ivai, zljg 8s dalaGGT^g yal tzoIecoc cpvla7<7]v sy^sir, yal 
ThloTT-ovviiGLOig vTisQ avz^v oQyiGdsvrag tioIIw nlsioGi ^tj 8ia^d- 
isad^ai' yqazriGavzsg rs ydg avOig ovx sldaGoai ^ayovyiEd^a ya\ 7]v 
(sqjalmfiEv^ za zmv ^vfifidymv, oOev layrvoi-iEv, nQoaanollvzai* ov 
yao 7]Gv][aGov6i fn] iKarmv rjfioov ovrcdv hi avzovg GZQazsvEiv 
Tt]v 7E oloqjVQGiv [.IT] oh/d^v xac yijg TioisiGdai, dlld zc^v Goofidzcov' 
oi yaQ Ta8s zovg avSgag, alX ol dv8QEg zavza xzmvzai. yal si 
4m^^ ?7f/fret^ vfxdg, aviovg dv i^eld^ovzag ixslsvov avid Srj^oai 

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Kol dei^ai nelo7Tovvi]aioig on zovtcqv ys evexa ovi vrra>i0VGead8» 
CXLIV. Tzollk ds aai alia syco sg iXnida. tov ntQita^o&cUy ip 
ix)'tl7]zs aQ)^t]j> TS lATj mrATaod^ai a^a noleuovvrp.g, xai xivdvi'ovg 
avd^aiQhovg /.f?/ TZQOGziOsa&aL fiallov yaq 7i£qj6^i]fiai Tag oixelag 
i]fi(»v af^aQTiag y rag rwv ivavzicoi^ diaroidg. 2, alX exsha (aev 
%ai iv aXhp loyop a^xa TOig SQyoig drilcodi]G87(u' vvv 8s tovroig 
anoxQird^Evoi, a7i077S{A\p(x)iA8v, Msyagsag fxsv hci sdcfo^isi^ dyoqa 
v.a\ XifXEOi XQ^](y&ai, ijv aai y^axsdaifwnoi 'S,8vrfkaaiag fiij tzoioooi 
^yz8 7]iAoov fX7]zs iKiV tjuetsQcov ^vfiiAciy^cov ' ovte yaq sxsTvo KCoXvei 
iv ralg anovdaig ovra tods ' rag ds noXeig on avTovo^ovg acprjao- 
fAEv, el xa\ avTovofyiovg siovieg mnsiGaiis&a, xai ozav xaxsivoi ralg 
iavToov (XT^od^ai ttoIegi fj,y oqjiGi roTg ylaxsdaifj.O'pcoig mitijdsmg 
avrovo^jiuad^aiy dXka avroXg sxdaroig cog ^ovlovrai' dixag ds on 
id^elo^Ev dovvai xard rag ^vvd^^Kag, nolsfiov ds ovk aQ^O{A,ev, 
aQioiihovg ds dfivvovfisOa. ravra yaQ dixaia xal fiQinovra a^ia 
rrids ry nolsi dnoM^ivaad^ai. 3. sldivai ds iqij on drdyxij nols- 
lisiv rj'i> ds SK0V6101 {.idllov dsycofxeOa, t/goov syxstaofisvovg rovg 
lyavriovg s^oiasv' sh re r^v i^eytaroov mvdvvi^w on y,a\ noXu kcu. 
Idicojy ixeyiarai rifial TzsQtyiyvovrai. 4. ol yovv narsQsg yfioov 
vnoGrdvteg Mqdovg 'Aai ovx dno roacovds OQfxcofASfOi, dXld xai rd 
vndQiovraiyiXiTiovreg, yvc^i^iri re nlelovi rj rvxrj, 'Aat rolfirj fAei^ofi 
y dvvdf.m, rov re ^dq^aqov aTrecoaavto r,ai ig rdds nQoriyayov avrd. 
5. cov ov XQ>] Xei7Te6&ai, dXld rovg re ix^govg navii rgoTZcp d^AVVE- 
a&ai, roXg STZiyiyvofAsvotg TzeiQoid&ai avrd fi^ iXdaaoj naQa- 

CXLY. ^0 fisv IleQiyikrig roiavra elnev. ol ^' ^A&ijvaioi, vo^l- 
oavreg dqiara acplai naQaiveiv avrov, iipTjcpiaavTO a iyJlsve, yai 
rotg jlaxedaifjiovioig dnEy-Qivavro rr} smivov yycDfii}, yad' syidGid re 
cog 'iqjQaGE jo ^vixnav, ovdsv xeXevo^svoi Ttoirjasiv, dtyrj ds yard 
Tag ^vj'Oyyag szotfioi ehai dialvecsO'ai neo] rcop syxhjiidrcov im 
iaij xal ofioia. yai ol ixsv dney^^aQiiaav m oiyov yai ovKsn vciSQOf 

CXLYL filial, ds aviai yai dtacppQai, eyivovro dfiq)orEQOig tiqo 
zov Troleiiov, dg^d^iEvai ehOvg dno rav if^Eniddiivcp yai KegyvQa" 
Ine^uyvvvTO ds ofA-cog ev avraJg, yai naq aXhjlovg EjOiroov, axi]' 

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68 eoTKT/ii/iOT ^rrrPAaiHS, 

qvKTODg fisi^, afvnonTOjg 8s ov. arrovdoor yccQ ^vyyvaig ra yip'Of^epo. 
'i'lV xai TTQocpaaig rov noliziiuv. 


I. AQiezai 8s 6 TioXsfiog ii>d8v8s ijSi] ^AdijvaicDV xal Thlo- 
^ovvTjdicov yiai t(^v saatSQOig ^VfA^dyoov, iv cp oms Intulyrvvjo hi 
ayii]Qvy.Ti naq alXyXovg KaraaTcUvTsg ts ^vve-j^oog moliiJiovv ' yiyi)ii' 
nrai 8s s^7]g dog sxacfia iyiyvsTo 'Acirk (^SQog y^sifAcora. 

II. TsaaaQiz ^sv yaq 8sKa hi] evt'f^sivap cd 7QivvAovrovitig 
(j7TOf8ai di lyhovTo lAST Ev^oiag aXcoaiV tw Ss nsfinrq) xdi 8exdt(x> 
hsi, Inl XqvGi8og iv ''jl^ysi rois nsvifixovia 8voiv 88ov7a hq 
IsQCfJfihrjg, xai. ^Ivrjaiov ecpoQOv Iv ^TzaQTi] xai, JlvdoSoaQOv hi 8vo 
iiri'vag dgyO'^rog 'A&rjvaioig, fASid rriv Iv TJoridaia fid/^F /^^/^'^ fxroj 
xai, aiia tiqi. aQyoi^hcp Ori^aicov avSgsg oliyqi nlslovg TQiaxoaiciii^ 

' ijyovvjo 8s avrcov ^oiojTaQyovvTeg IJvOdyyeXog re 6 (IJvXsl8ov xar 
/JtJftnoQog 6 ^Ot>7]roQL8ovl\ ^arjXOoi' niQi nQ^tov vtivqv ivv onXoig 
ig nXdraiav trig BoiooTiag ovaav ^Adrjvaiodv ^vfjfia'/^ida. 2. stj}]- 
ydyovTO 8s >ca} drtcphw rag nvXag TIXaraKxiv dvSgsg Navy.Xsi8}]g 
rs YAU 01 fisz avTov, ^ovXojytsvoi idiag srsya SvvdfASOjg a)8Qizg ts 
Toov TtoXirmv rovg acpiaiv VTisvavxI.ovg 8iaq)0siQat ydi ir^v ncXiv 
07]^aiO(g TZQoaTZOfrjaat. 3. snqa^av 8s ravra 8i' Ev()VfA,dxov tov 
Asovt{d8ov di''8Qog Q-q^akov 8vf'aicozdT0v. TZQo'i'dovTsg yaQ ol 
0t]^aToL on saoiro 6 noXsfjiog^ 7]^ovXoi^to rqv nXdrafav, dsi, acpicfi 
8idcpoQor ovaav, hi sv siQtjrrj rs xai rov tioXs/wv ^irjncx) cparsQOv 
xa&SGtojtog TiQOxaraXa^siv. y xai qciov sXadov scjsXOovTsg, qivla- 
yjjg ov TTQOxadsarjjxviag. 4. ds^svoi 8s eg rtjv dyoQav ra ozrXa 
7 org lASV mayoiASvoig ovk Insi^ovro mar svdvg SQyov sysadai xai 
{b'rai ig rag oiytag rcov iydQcov, yvcofiriv 8s snoiovvio yijQvyixaai rs 
yaqdaaOai iTniqSsioig 'Aal sg ivfi^aaiv imXXov yai qjtXiiw r^jv noXiv 
dpiysiVj ya\ dvtins'v 6 yrjov^, si rig ^ovXsrcu xardra ridrqia r^v 
Tidi'Trnv BoiojTCov '^viAfiaytTv, riOsadai nao ctviovg ra onXa, ■voiu- 
"Qoi'Tsg 6q)i(yt Qa8icog rovrm rm rQonop nQoaycooriasiv rijv noXiv, 
III. 01 8s nXaraiqg oSg fiadorro sv8ov rs ovrag Tovg Bq^cdovg xca 

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LIB. 11. CAP. IV. 69 

i'^antvamg KaTeilyfifxsvyv rrjf noliv, HazadsiGavTsg Kai vofjii(jafie§ 
rwlX^ nXuovg sasXi^lv&tpaiy ov yciQ iojQaw iv ry rvyai, TZQog ^vpi- 
^aaiv excoQijaav xal tovg loyovg dt^dfAtroi Tjav^a^ov, alXcog 7:8 ytal 
eTzeidt] ig ovdsfa ovdsi^ tveojztQi^ov. 2. nqdaoovieg ds Ttayg lavra 
KarefOfjcpav ov TZoXXovg Tovg Oij^alovg ovzag^ koi. ho^Kjav Inidt.- 
lisroi Qctdicog v^Qarijaai' icp yccQ nXij&Si t^v TlXataiav ov ^ovXo- 
^iti^cp Tjv Tcov '^dijvaicov dq)iOTaad^ai. 3. idoyyei ovv 8/n^8tQi]Tm 
ahui, xai '^vvsl.syovTO dtoQV(JGovT8g zovg y>oivovg roi^ovg, tiolq 
dXX}]Xovg, OTTOjg ^rj did rcov odojv cpafsgoc coaiv i6vT8g^ dfxd^ag 18 
dv8v 7(^v v7iot,vy[cov eg rdg odovg Ka&lo7aoav, iv dvxi T8ixovg ^, 
yai rdXXa s^ijqivov y 8KaG70V £(paiv870 TtQog za naQovta ^vfAq^oQOv 
868ad(u. 4. ETTSi ds (x>g in 760V dvvarwv stotfia yv, cpvXd^avz8g 
8X1 vvxTa xai. avzo to TZSQtOQdgov i'lOJQovv tx rav orAmr eV avzovg, 
OTTcog fXT] yard q:^cog d-agaaXswjSQOig ovoi nQoacpiQawrcu, kou acptaiv 
8K lov iGov yiyvrnviaij dXX ^ iv vvxrt cpo^SQc6T8QOi opzsg, iqaoovg &gi 
zijg 6cp8t8(jag ipiTZSiQiag zrjg natd^ z^v noXiv. TZQOds'^aXov ts svOvg 
xiu ig y/iQag ysGav xaid zdy(ogf^^^ lY. oi d' chg syvaaav ijn arrive- 
rotf ^vt>8GTQ8q^ov7() z8 iv acpidiv avroig xai rdg TiQoa^oXdg, r/ nQoa- 

7Ti7TZ0l8V, d7Z8(O&OVVZ0. 2. 'Aai dig jJ,8V 7] ZQig dnS'AQOVGaVZO, 87181' 

za, noXX^ doQv^op avzmv zs Tigoo^aXXovzcov, xai zojp yvvaixmy 
Y,ai zwv oix8zav afxa ano zmv oixmv, TiQCivyrj zs xai oXoXvyy XQ^' 
{A8VO0V, Xid^oig rs xal xsgd^Qi ^aXXovzayv, xai vszov dfia did vvxzog 
TToXXov iTZiysvoftsvoVf icpo^ridridav xai ZQaTTOfiSPOt 'icpvyov dia zijg 
TToXscog, ccTTSiQOt fi8r ovrkg ol nXelovg 8v axozcp xai TzqXm z^v dio- 
doDv y xq)] ocodrivai, xal ydg zsXsvzoovzog zov fi7]wg zd yiyv6Li8V(x 
i]Vy ifATTSiQOvg ds sxovz8g zovg dicoxovzag zov fAi] sxqjtvysf.v, wazs 
di8q)d^8iQovzo noXXoL 3. z&iv ds TlXazaioov zig zdg nvXag fj iarjX- 
■&0V xal ainsQ Ijaav dvEcpyfASvai f^ovai, skXskjs azvQaxiqp dxovziov 
avzl ^aXdfOv ^Qijadfisvog ig zov pioyXov, mazs (Afjds zavzrj sn s'^odov 
shai. 4. dicoKOixsvoi 78 xazd zijv noXiv, ot ^sv zivsg avzmv ini zo 
zsiyog dva^dvzsg SQQixpav ig zo s^g) acpdg avzovg, xai dieq}&dQ'i]6av 
01 nXsiOvg^ ot ds, xcizd nvXag iqrjfiovgy yvvcuxog dovG7]g nsXsxvv, 
laOovrsg xai diaxoxpavzsg zov ixoyXov, i^iqXd^ov ov noXXoi, aiad-T]- 
aig yuQ za^s'ia insyivszo, dXXoi ds dXXri zTjg TioXsojg onoQddijv 
d:70jXXvvzo, 5. zo ds nXsiazov xat oaov fidXtaza i]v ^vvsiyiQafAfis- 
v()}\ ianiTizovGiv hg omi]fA,a fxsya^ o yv zov zsliovg xai at TiXri^tor 

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70 eornTjiJOT ZTrrPA^PH^. 

'&VQai avBo^yixivai itv^ov avzovj oiofxsvoi TtvXag rag -Ovgag rot 
oiyj'jfiarog etvat, aat avtixQvg diodov eg ro iioi. 6. 6q(^vzeg d' 
avTOvg 01 IlXajai^g ansih^ufiti'OVi; E^ovXevovTO uie xazaxavacooif 
wantQ tyovoiv, hiinQiqGavrirg rb or/j]{Aa, elis ri alio XQ}]6C0V7:aL 
7. relog ds ovtoi rs xa/ ogol aXXoi lojv Oq^aixtiv TisQiTJaav, >iara 
zqv noXiv nXav^\xEVOi ^v^'S^rjoar loig UXazaitvoi jraQadovvai, ocpag 
avzQvg 'Aai ?i onXa '^qfjaaadai o,ti av ^ovXtavtai. ol fisv d)] hv t?/ 
UXaTala ovtcog eTienQaysGav. 

Y. 01 bi aXXoi Sri^aXoi^ ovg sdei stl trig vvviTog naQaysvmd'ai 
7ravaTQ(iiia, un aga [a?] TTQOj^oqoot')] lolg hatXrjXv{^6oi, ^r/g ayyeXiag 
ccfia 'Aad' odop avroig nridHdijg ttsqi roov ys yerr^fAEvcov int^ofidovv. 

2. ank'j^u d^ 7] nXdraia tmv 0t]^cov axabiovg s^doiA}]7,ovTa, ro 
JO ysi'OfxepO'P Tiqg vvyaog STZolr^Ge ^gadmsQOv aviovg IX^hv' 

6 yaQ ^Aao^nog fzoTafiog hqQvq fxeyag 'aoI oh Qadlcog dia^aiog tjv. 

3. TTOQSVOfiSVOi tS Iv VSTM, 'A(U 70V 7T0rafA,0l' fioXig dta^dvTtgy VGT8- 

Qov naQeyevovro, ijd?] tav at'do^p tojv jasv discpdaQ^uspooi', tojv ds 
^coyzcov s)[0fxtP(x)V. 4. cog d^ (j^dovto ol Qr/^aioi ro ysysrtjfxevor, 
iTze^ovXsvov roig e^oo rjjg groXeojg lojv nXaiaiojv rjaav yccQ xal 
avdQCxynoi xara rovg ayqovg >tai. -Aaraaxtv/j, oioc anQoadoKyrov 
TUVAOV 8v tiQriv\] yevofAtvov 8^ovXovio yuQ (jqjLGiv^ u riva Xd^oisv, 
vnaQiEiv avri rcov srdov, tjv ccqcc rvxoooL rivtg il^coyQijfitvoL 5. }ial 
ol {yisv ravra ditvoovvro ' ol ds riXarcaTJg, sri dia^ovXsvoiAsvoov^ 
avTOJV, vnoTon/iGai'reg roiovrov n '^atodais^xiu deiGavrsg tzsql rotg 
e|oo, xr^QVKU ^^tiref^ipav TTund rovg Qrj^alovg, Xtyovreg on ovrs za 
7t87iot7]f.ttra ooUog dQaatiav^ Iv onovdaig ocpmv Tz^iQad-trrsg Hara- 
Xa^siv t^iv noXiv^ rd re ejoo sXsyov avroig fArj ddiKtiv. el ds fj,}]^ }(al 
avrol 'kpaaav avroov rovg dvdQag dnoyireveiv ovg e)rov6i t,&vrag* 
dvay[^(x3q}]advr(x)v ds ndXiv sk T?jg ytjg dnodcoGSiv avroig rovg dvdgag. 
6. Orj^aloi fASv ravra Xtyov(Ji, mo^Jiocjai qjaaiv avrovg ' TlXa- 
raiTJg d' ovi 6fA,oXoyov6f rovg dvdqag evd-vg vnoay^eG&ai dnodcodeiv, 
xXXa Xoycxjv nQoorop yevo^evoav, rjv ri ^vfi^alvcoai, y^al enofi6(yat ov 
qiafjiv. 7. SK d' ovv r?jg yqg avs'icoQijaav ol Qij^aioi ovdsv ddrAiq- 
(savreg ' ol ds UXaraitjg eneidrj rd ex ryg y^coQag xard rdyog sasxo- 
lAiaavro, dnsKreivav rovg dvdqag evdvg. rjaav ds oydotjyovra 'Aai 
i'Aaxhv ol Xijcp^erreg, xal Evgvfxay^og dg avrwv rjv, ngbg op 'mga^ap 
01 nqodidonsg. YI. tovTO ds nou](JavTeg eg re rag 'AOrjvag dyy^- 


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LIB. II. CAR VIL Vlil. 71 

Xov STxe^TTOP rovg iSKQovg vnoanov^ovg airJdoGciv rolg Qr^^ai- 
oiQ, id T gV 7ri noXei, y.adL6zavT0 TZQog tcc naqovTa rj sdoxst avioig. 
2. TOig d' "Adrivaioig riyyiXdri evOvg 7a ttsqI rmv IlXaraioov ysys- 
vijiih'a, 'Aoi. Boi(y3Twv re naQciiQiJiia ivvtla^ov oaoi Ijaav iv ttj 'udt- 
riKy, 'Alii eg tIip IHdzaiav sntix^pav %riQVAa, xeXevofzeg tlrzHv fojdsv 
f'SojTfoov nOLHv TiSQi, 7001' dvOQciop ovg 8/ovai, 0?]^aicoVj 77qIv iiv 1i 
aai avTOi ^ovltvacoai tisqi avTcjv ' 3. ov yuQ tiyytldri avtoTg on 
zeOvrixozf.g sisv. a^ia yaQ zy saodcp yiypofisvij t^v 0}]^aicoi> 6 ttqS- 
Tog dyyeXog B^rjeiy 6 ds dsvrtQOg dgzi r8vrAi]^srcor 7S xal ^vvulrifx- 
liivodv' toov v(Jtsqop ovdh ydsaav. ovrco d)] ovk eldorsg ol 
^Adqvaioi £77t'6reXXov' o ds yr^QV^ ciqiKOfiB'Pog tvQH ^cf^ avdoag 
dieq)daQfibvovg. 4. xal fie id lavia ol 'AdrivaXoi mQarevaavteg 
eg TlXdxaiav, attov re mriyayov y,ai qjQOVQOvg eyyatAmov, tcov zs 
di^&QcoTTCDv rovg d'lQeioTdiovg '^vv yvvai^i yal namv e^eKOiiiaav. 

YII. Feyevriiiivov ds tov iv TIXaTaioug tQyov, yai XsXvfisvmv 
XaftTTQOjg nmv anovdc^v, ol ^Mrivaioi TzaQsaxevd^ovTO cog noXefAi]- 
(Tovreg, TzaQeaxevd^ofTO ds xai ol Aav.sdaiix6vioi yai ol ^viifxa^^oi 
avT03v, 7tQEa(ieiag re fisXXovieg mixneiv Tzagd §aaiXm 'aoi aXXoos 
ig rovg ^aQ^aQovg, ei tto&sv riva a)CpsX8iav ijXTTitov sydrSQOi nqoa- 
Xrj\psa6ai' noXeig ts ^vfifxay^idag TrotovfAe'vot oaai rjGav hixhg 77jg 
savTwv dvvdfASwg. 2. yal jfaKsdaifxoviofg fxh nQog laXg avrov 
v^TzaQiovdaig i^ 'IraXiag yal ^lyisXiag toig rdyisivcov sXoixsvoig vavg 
iTTardxOrjaav noiuadai yard iiiysdog r^v noXeeov, wg eg rhv ndvra 
aQi&fjLOv TzevTayioaioov rscov eGoiAevrnv, yal doyvQiov Qiirov sroif^id- 
Z,eiv^ rd r dXXa rjavyd^ovrag Kal 'Ad^rivaiovg daxofievovg fAid v?]} 
ecog av ravta naQa^xsvaad-ri. 3. Ad-rivaloi ds rip re vndQiovaav 
^v{J,fA.axiav eirira'Qov, yal sg rd neqi TJsXoTTOvrtjaov fidXXov looqia 
inQsa^evovro, KsQyvQav yal Ksq)aXXf]Viav yai- 'AyaQvdvag yal 
Zdyvvd^oi'f oQcovTsg, si aqiGi cpiXia ravx ei'f] ^s^aioog, ttsqi^ rrjv 
TleXoTTOfvijaov yaTaTtoXsfiriaovrsg. VIII. oXiyov rs snsroovv ovdsp 
diAqiorsQOi, dXX sqqowro eg rov noXsfiov, ovx dnsiyorcog ' aQ^OfiSfoi 
ydg ndvrsg o^vrsQov avriXafi^dvovrai, rors ds yai vsorrjg ttoXXt] 
{Asv oma ev rrj ntlonovvijaqi, noXXr] 5' iv raig 'Adrivaig, om 
dyovdicog vno dnsioiag rjTirsro rov TioXefiov, tj rs dXXij 'EXXdg ndoa 
fxsrtcoQog 7jV '^vriovaoor rcov ttqwtcov tioXscov. 2. yac TzolXd fxh 
Xoym iXsysro, noXXd ds yQ^GixoXoyoi r^dov ev re roig [xeXXovat ttoXb- 

Hosted by 


72 eoTKTJi/i or ATrrPAfi>H:s, 

fiijaaiv Tial iv raig allaig 7i6Xe(Jiv.j\ 3. hi ds /^TJlog Irnvrid'Tj oXi- 
yovTtQO rovrmv, TTQOzeqov ovndo aeta&siaa acp ov ElXrjveg fisfxvfjvTai. 
iXsysTO ds nal ido'ASi Im 70ig piiXXovai ysvfjffscy&ai a7]fi7]vat' e'l 7s 
71 aXXo ToiovTOTQonov ^vvs^q yevead^ai, Tzdvia ave^Tjreizo, 4. tj ds 
tvvoicc naqa noXv enom 7mv avdq^incov f^aXXov ig lovg JfuKsdai- 
fioviovg, aXXcog re iioi nQOBinovrcov on t7]p ^EXXdda iXEvd-egomiv, 
eQqojrd is nag xai idicoTijg xai TioXig, si ti dvvaiTo, Kai Xoycp >ia} 
sqycp ^vrSTTiXafx^dfeiv amoig ' iv lovicp ts asKcoXva^ai idoKSi svA- 
GTCp TCi TigdyfiaTa cp ixij Tig avrog naqs^srai. 5. om^x^g oqyr[ sJyov 
01 nXsiovg tovg '^d-f^vatovg, ol fisv rljg dgyrig dnoXvd-rivai ^ovXofxs- 
roi, ot ds iirj dqi&c^oi qjO^ovixevoi. Traqaaxsvy ^sv ovv Toiaviri xal 
yv(^firi wQiATjfTo. IX. TioXsig 5' ixdiegoi rdad^ s](^0TTeg ^v^jiiJidiovg 
ig Tov TioXsiiov Kadiaravro. 2. Aay,sdaijiovmv ^xh oids ^vfX[iaxoi ' 
IIsXoTZOvfi^Gioi fth 01 ivtog iad^iiov ndvrsg ttX^v '^gysicov 
^Aiamv ' Tovroig 8' sg d^cporaqovg cpiXia tjv ' UsXXTjTtjg ds 'Axamv 
fidvoi ^vvsTtoXe^ovv ro tiqcotov, sireiTcc ds vaisqov y.a\ dnavrsg' 
8^03 ds UeXoTrovvricfov MsyaqTJg^ (pcoxijg, yioKqoi, Boiojtoi, 'AjAnqa- 
ai^iai, Asvxddioif ^Avayiioqioi. 3. rovzo^v vavrixov TTaqsiiovro 
Koqiv&ioiy Meyaqijg, ^lkvc^pioi, IleXXT^v^jg, 'HXsToi, 'AfXTiqaxioDtatf 
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TO arqarev^ia ^vrsiXsyfisvov tyv, 'Aqxida^iog b ^aaiXevg tcov Aans 

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LIB. II. CAP. XT. 73 

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zi'iyovg Tcav ttoXsoov TTaaoov, xai 70vg fialiora sv tsXet xai a^toloyco- 
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Tiowvfisvoif yea ri naQayysXXofisva o^twg dsyoixsvoi ' xaXXiatop 


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74 eOTKTAiAOT srrrpAams. 

^ctQ rods xai a6q)aX867azot>, TZolXovg ovtag spI >:6aucp ][Qcopist>ov4 

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did X^^i^og S][tir, Xeycop zl^p laivv avzoTg dnh zovzmv eivai roop yofj- 

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LIB. 11. CAP. XTV. 75 

ficcTODV rrjg TTQOdodov, ra ds Tiolla tov noXti^iov ypo^i^irj xai ^Q}]iid' 
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78 oo TK TJ ij or A rrrp a h2. 

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LIB. 11. CAP. XVII. XVIII. 77 

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Tsg. xai ol fisv Iv TovTcp naoaaxevrig ijaav, 

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noQSiav rf oioXaimrig dis^aXsv avTov, f^dXiaTa ds rj iv ti] Olro^ 

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78 eoTKTzii/iOT STrrPA0H^, 

inlaicdtg. 4. ol yocQ 'Ad-rivaioi iaeaouiXovro Iv rm XQOvq) 70VT(p 
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XIX. ineidrj {asvtoi TTQoa^alovieg ifj Oi'pori v^ai iraaav idiav Treiga-- 
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Tov otzov (XKfid^oi'Zogy edb'^aXov h Trjv 'ATTixrjv* riyelzo 8s Aqii- 
8afiog 0- Zpvh8diA0Vf AcvAeSaif-ioptoov ^cc6ili-vg/l 2. x(zi xade^ofitfoi 
HTiifAvov TTQcoro'p fASP 'EXsvGirci ACii 10 Ooidaiop ■7it8iov, yen ^QOnrjv 
Tipa roj'p 'ydd')]paicx)v Inn^o^v ttsqi tovg 'PtiTovg yalovfitpovg E7Toj\- 
oavTO. sneiTa ngovycoQOVP 8r 8e^ra f/^ovTsg ro AiyaXbmv oQog 8ia 
Koojnsidg, eoog dcpixovio sg 'AyaQvdg^ ycooiov fi^yiaiop ^Tjg AiriyJig 
r&p 8rfAG}v xaXovfispcov. yai xad^s^ofASPOi sg avro aroatonsSov ts 
E/7ort]oapro iqovov ts noXvv iiJ^ueivkvTsg hmvov. XX. ypojfirj 88 
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naQeaAEvacsutPovg ig ttoXs^iov cog ovttco tiqozbqov, lacog dv STit^sX- 
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avTi] fjsp 8iavoia 6 AQyidafiog ttsoi Tag "Ayaqvag i]v. 

XXL 'AOi]raToi 8s, lA-iyQi [asv ov ttsqI 'EXsvaiva xal to 0Qia- 
aiov TTsdiov 6 dTQazog 't]Pf xai Tiva iXnl8a eiy^ov ig to iyyvrsQco 

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LIB. 11. CAP. XXII. 79 

stvTOvg [Ai] TTQoXivai, fj,siu'tj{A8P0i xai nisiazodvaxTa top Uavaaviov 
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uaQGi x(u dtxa eteaiv, ai^'sy^oogijas naXiv, sg T:on7.8iov ohyJzi nooeX- 
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zov dTQaiov s^ifAoria aiadiovg zTJg Tzo'lscog aTieyorra, ovxen ava- 
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3. yoijaiioloyoi ts ydop yori^fiovg navroiovg, chp dxQodaOai cog 
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rrjp sSodop fiahara. napri rs TQoiTCf) dvijQsdiazo y no}jg xal rot 
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dip, dlX hyjiyj^op on Giocirriyog cov ovx Ens^dyoi, uitiop 78 acficJiP 
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zovg TTQog zo naoop yalsnaivovrag xai oh za aQiaza cpQapovpzag^ 
niazEvcyyp ds o()0a>^' yiypcoaxeiP tzsoi zou nq k^re^dpai, hxxhjGiav te 
ovx InoiEi ahzm^ ovds hvlXoyop ovdipa, zov iatj OQyrj zi fiaXXop tj 
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^QKytiu h> ^liQvyinig rojv le Adrivaicov z^Xai spi. zcop iTiTTt'cop xai 
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soyop 01 'A&ripaioi xal QeadaXoi, f^ii-jQi oi\ TTQOo^oijdijadpTCOP roig 
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avOijiAEQOp aanovdovg. xai oi JJEXonovpijaioi ZQonalov zrj vazeQaici 
saztjaap. 3. ?/ ds ^oijOsia aviTj zar OsoaaXcjp xazd zo naluahv 
^viJiiayixop ^ytrszo zoig Adijvaioig' xai dqUopzo naq avzovg 
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no'f (Vegaioi. vyovvzo ds aizwp sx [isp Aaqicjrig TloXvpirjdr^g xai. 

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80 QOTKT^lAOr SrriPA(PH2\ 

^Aqiarovovg^ ano trig ardasoog ixdrsQog^ Ik ds (PuQadlov Mhm9' 
fiaav ds xat toj'P allmv xaTCc nolsig aQ^ovtsg. 

XXIII. Ot ds IIslonovvrjGioiy ineid)] ovx ine^fisoat avioig oi 
" Adrjvaioi sg fici](^^v, dgarTsg ex rm> " A^iaovaw idfiovv i(^v drjfioji 
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dn-yojQ)j6av did Boioormv, ov^ Xl^^Q sas^alov naQi.ivzsg ds 'S2qoj- 
7ihv j]])' yljv 7}]'V HsfQarAt]}^ xaXovfisrriv, riv fSfj-oviai'^QCOTTioi AO)]- 
raiojv vn:yxoot, sdrjaiaav. dcpixofAsvoi ds sg nslonovvyjaov dislvOt]- 
aai' 'Afiioi noXsig sxaGtoi. 

„ V XXiy. ' ^ra^ojQijadproov ds avrrnv ol ' Ad-qvaioi qjvXandg 
%ais6xri(jav7 y.aTa yip xatd ddXaaaav, chansQ drj sfieXXov did 
navTog rov noXs^iov (fvXd^scF' xat pXta rdXavra dnh rmv iv ?[] 
d.y.qonoXsi ^QfJi^drcop sdo^sv avroTg^ s^aiQSza TtOirjacmsvoig, i(x)Q)g 
{)s6dai, xai (aij araXovv, aXX ano rmv aXXcop ttoXsj^scv ' 7ji> ds rig 
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Qsrovg inoDJactvro xaid rov iviavrov exaarov rag ^sXridTag^ xai 
rQii]QdQyovg avraig^ ojv firj ^Qijadai fA7]d£fiid ig dXXo ri ■// ^i&rd rwp 
yQrjfidcaw tisqI rov avrov yjvdvvov^ 'fj-r dsri- 

XXV. Ol d' iv raig syarov vava), tzsqI IIsXon6yvrj;aov ^Adi]- 
faiof, ya). Ksquvquwi fisr avr^r^ Ttsviriyovza vavo] 77Q00^£§07id)]~ 
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ovrsg yal sg Msd-rnvr^v r^g ylaxojnxrig dno^dvrsg^ ro) rsi'isi jtQoas- 
^aXov ovri dadsvsc^ yal dv&qmnmv ovx srorzwv. 2. srvys ds Tisql 
rovg ^coQOvg rovrovg Bgaaidag 6 TsXXidog dvrjQ ^TiaQridrijg qiqov 
Qav s^mp ' yal ala^ofievog i^oi^d^et rolg iv rqi ^(oa^/m ^sid onXirap 
ixarov. diadqaiAwv ds ro roa^ ^Adip'aicov arqaioTTsdor, iaysda- 
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^ilf Msdcoi'Tjf, yal oXlyovg rivdg iv ry iGdqoftri dnoXiaag rm> us&' 

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LIB. 11. CAP. XXVI— XXVIII. 8.1 

iavtbv, 'v:}]^ 'IS. noXiv TH-.Qisnoli'iQi:^ vAu ano tovtov 2'Ov ^oXiA7]fAaro^ 
ngmcog rap Kara top nolc^iov s.nijvtO'f] iv ^Ttdoiri. 3. ot ds 
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y.oilijg fllidog rQiaxooiovg loyadag, :<ai tc^v avroOev sv. rlig nHQi- 
or/uoog 'Hleicov (^d^ij ixQCCifpav. 4. drtfiov ds xa^^orrog ueydlov, 
^t!fA.u^6^t'V()(. iv ahfitrcp x^Q^^i oi fisv ttoIXoi S7it^)]Gav mi idg 
Tuvg, YAH Tteoimltov top 'IxOvr yAiXov^evov t7]v Itxqav Ig lov Iv rf/ 
067r2 )j(A8va ' 01 ds Blsad/jviot iv tovto), xal dlXot tivsg ol ov dvvd- 
fitvoi iniplpai xatd ytjv xfJ^grjaavrFg tt^v <I>sidv algovoi. 5. xal 
varsQov ai te vqtg neQiTtlavdaGai avalaii^dvovoiv ainovg xai i^avd- 
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XX YL 'Tnh ds thv avzov 'iqovov roviov ol ^Adijvaloi rqia- 
Hovia vuvg i'^ms^.'ipaf ttsqI rrjp yioxQida xai Ev^oiag a{ia 
cpvlaxrjv iaiQaz/iyti ds am&v KlsonoiXTTog o KXsivlov. 2. xat 
dno^d68ig noiriadpi^vog rJjg is TzaoadalaGrjiov ioiiv a iddmos xai 
Sqovi.ov sllsv, 6{.ii]Qovg re sXa^sv avrav^ xal iv'AXonrj zohg ^ot^Of'p 
(xavrag yloxQoov f^d/jj ixQdjrjGtv. 

XXV 11. Aviaxridav ds xal Alyivrjxag zw avicp diqsi rovrco 
e'l Alrivijg 'Adijvaioi aviovg 78 xat naldag xai yvvatxag, inixaXi- 
oavisg ov)[ ijyuoza zov TtoXiuov Gcplaiv aizlovg shai' xai t^ijv Aiyi- 
vav docpaXiGZSQOv iqjaivsio, Ty UsloTioPv/jGCp iTTixsifiirriv^ amoov 
niii^pavzag inolxovg sisiv. xal i^insiixpav vgisqov ov noXX^ ig 
avzi/v zovg olxiqzoQag. 2. ixTisaovGi. ds zoJg Alyivifizaig ol Aaxs- 
daifwnoi. sdoaap QvQ8av olxsTv xat rrfP yJjv vif^isadai, xaid is to 
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xal roov EiXootoop zjjv iTiavaGtaaiv. rj ds OvQsdng yJ] fisOoQia 
tlig 'Apystag xal AaxooviyJjg iartv, in) d'dXa6Gav xad-rixovaa. xal 
ol ixh avrwp ivrav&a ^xijaav^ ol d' ionaQrjGai' xara zr^v dXX^fP 

XXYIII. Tov d' avTOv Oigovg 'povfA,7]i'ia xara GsX/prfi', (x^ansQ 
xal (AOfOv d ox 8 1 eh at ylyveG&ai dwarov, 6 yXtog i^iXtne fisid ^£c^^/,^ 
^Qiav xal ndXiv dfsnlrjQCodij, ysvofisvog (xijvosidqg xal dazsQan 
tivoyp ixcpavivzcQv. 

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82 eorKT/li/iOT ztti PAa^ii2. 

XXIX. Kai h T(p amm diqu AhitcpodooQOi^ top Ilvdsco, av* 
doa ^A^^qQiTTiv, ov el/s t'Ijv ddtXcpiiv ^izdXxijg, dvrd^Evov naq 
avTcp (.dya, oi ^Adiivcuoi, TJQOJizQOv 7ro)Jfitov vofii^ovisg, TZQO^evov 
lnou]a(u>io yaa i^iBxen^iibavTO, ^ovXoiievoi 2iraXyj]v Gq)i6i lov TriQSco, 
0()ax(x^p ^aai)Ja, ^vfAficr/^ov yevtadcu. 2. 6 8s TiiQijg oviog, 6 zov 
XiTalKOV TtaTtiQ, TTQcoiog 'OdQvoaig Ttjv ^syahjv paaikelnv em 
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voov o^/ovTi yvvciixa TiQOdrfASL 6 TrJQi]g ovrog ovdtv, ovds Trjg avTijg 
Qgaxqg iysvovTo, aXX 6 ixev h Aavlia iiig fl^caxidog vvv xalov 
umn'ig yqg o TtjQevg c{mti tote Itto Oqczxc^v olxovfisvTjg, xai to 'iqyov 
TO ntQi 70V ' Ltvv at yvvaixeg iv ry yfj Tavtrj STZQa^ar ' nolloig ds 
Koi 7mv TTOifjToov iv dqdorog ^v/j^iij /Javhag /} ogng lnG}v6^aai:ai» 
tixog ds xal xo xr/dog Uavbiova ^wdxpaodai. Tqg dvyarqog dia 
toaovTOv, In oag:fc'2e/<x zy nqog dXXqXovg, f/aXXov tj dia noXXoov 
rHjeQwv ig ^08Qv6ag 68ov. TtiQijg ds ovrs lo avio ovoua s%cov, 
BaaiXsvg re ngcojog iv xqdcisi '08qv6cov iyivsic; 4. ov dq ovza 
•rov ^ixdXxiiv 01 \-iOi]vaTor ^vuucr/^op moiTJaavTO, ^ovXofASioi, acpiai 
%a Inl Qijaxqg >(«{)/(/- xa) Utodlxxav ^vvsXhv aviov. 5. iXOwv re 
ig rag AOrfiag 6 NviKpodo^Qogyiriv is rov 2^it(xXxou ^v^Afia^^iav 
inoirjas, xai ^aboxov zov vlov avrov AOrfpcuov^ zov js sni O^jaxqg 
TToXsfAOv vnsdsj[STO xaiaXvcJstv ' nslastv yaQ ^^iraXxriv nsfcipsi.v 
OTQaridv OQaxiav Adqvaioig Innsmv rs xai nsXraaTociv. 6. ^vvs- 
Bi^^aas ds xal zov llsQdixxav toig A&qvai.oig xat Oigf^qv avzcp 
bneiasv dnodovvat' ^vvsazQazsvas t av&vg Flsgdixxag sni XaXxi' 
dsag fisi A tpatcov xal (DoQfA,ioovog. 7. ovzoo fisv 2^iTciXxijg ts 6 
TqQSOJ 0()axcQp ^aaiXsvg '^vfifia'/^og sysvsro 'Adqvaioig, xai lleQdiX' 
xag AXs^avdQov Maxsdovcov ^aaiXsvg. 

XXX. 01 d' iv talg sxazov vavaiv Adfivaioi, Sii uvrsg nsgi 
TIsXon6rv)}60v, ZoXiov is KoqivOioqv noXia^ia algnvGi^ xai naoadi- 
h6a6i UaXaiQSvaiv 'AxaQvdrc^v [Aovoig jqv yljv xal noXiP rifiSGd-ai' 
Kai ''Aataxov, qg Evaqyog izvodrvsi, Xa^dvzsg xai a XQarog xai 
t^sXdaavisg aviov ro y^coQiov ig iriv ^vfifiay^iav TZQoasnotqaavzo. 
2. ini 78 K^qaXX'iiviav liiv vijaov nXsvaavisg nQoaviydyovro avsv 
^dy^qg^ xehai ds ij K^opaXXrivia xara Axa^vaviav xal Asvxdda 

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EaxQanohg ovaa^ JJalljg, Kqcivioi, ^uf^aioi, JJqovclIol 3. mtSQOK 
d ov nollo^ ure)[03Qtj6av ai vf/sg eg rag ^Ax)i]vag. 

XXXI. JJtQ] de TO (pOiroTTWQO'i'iov dk()ovg tovtov ^A&rivaloi 
navSqiidj avzo] yu/.l oi fihotxot, ^at'^aXov eg Z'ijv Meyagida UtQix/J- 
ovg too ^avOinnov azQairiyovvjog. xal oi neQi ntloTTorv/iaop 
Ad ijiiuoi iv Jiiig ixazop vavaiv, hviov yag ifiij e.v Alyivri ovtsg 
271 oixov apaxofii^ofitroij cog ria&ovT:o lovg iy. xijg Tzolscog navGiqa^ 
iia iv Msydgotg oviag^ mXevaap nag avzovg Kai ^vveidiOijaav^ 
2. (jTQatOTTEdop re ^leyiGzov dq tovio adQOOP Adq-pamv eyt'rsio^ 
a'Afxa^ovdijg hi jqg noXawg nal ovtiw vevo(jiiy.viag. fiVQicov ya^f 
hnlvT^v oi'K ildaaovg ijaav avtoi Adiivaioi, xooQlg ds avzoig ol Ip 
rioTidala iQioy^ilioi Ijaav, fASZoixoL ds ^vv8Ge(-iaXov ovk eXdoGovg 
tQia'/^iliojv onltx&v, xcoQig ds 6 allog ofxiXog iptXoov ovx oXiyog. 
dijcoaavTsg ds ra TzoXXd Tyg yrjg ccpsyooQyaar. 3. eyivovzo ds yuu 
iiXlai vaTSQOP iv rm 7roXipi(^ xaia srog sKaazov sa^oXai AOqvafcxiP 
ig zqp MsyuQida xai innscov xai TraPGiQazia,, f^i^Qi ov NiGaia sdXoj 
V7Z '^x)}jvaicov, 

XXXIL ^EreixiGi}/] 8s xal ^^zaXdvz^ vn Adqvocmv q^/QOv- 
^iGP 70V dtQOvg zovrov rsXsvzm'zog rj sni AoxQOig zoTg Onovv- 
•zloig vljGog ii)ri(Ari TTQOzeoop ovaa, tov fiq 7jjazag sxiiXsovzag f§ 
'Onovvzog xal tijg aXXr^g AoxQidog xaKOVQystv rriv Ev^oiav. 
2. ravza pisv iv im dsqsi rovrcp fxetd Ttjp zwv UeXoTiopvJjoicop sk 
i7]g ^Azziy^ijg dvai^oQijaiv iyivsro. 

XXXIII. Tov d' STZiyiyvofxevov i^if-i^vog EvaQY^og o Ayiaqvav 
(jovXo^spog ig rr^v '[Aozaxov 'AazsXd^eiv, nsidsi KoQivd^iovg zsaaa- 
(idxovTa vavol Kal irsvra'Aoaloig xat pXloig hnXizaig savzov yiard- 
yeir nXsvaavzag, y,ai avzog invAOVQOvg zivag TtQOGSfUG&coGazo ' 
r^Q'lov ds Tqg Giqazidg EvcpaiAidag ts 6 AQiGzcovvfiov y,ai Tiuo^s- 
■)og 6 TiiioxQarovg koi Evfia^og 6 Xgrnidog. 2, yai TiXevGavzeg 
Kurriyayov ' aiu ilfig dXXijg AyAtQvaviag r/jg nsqi ddXaaoav sgziv 
a XcoQia ^ovXo^evoi TT^oaTTOif^GaaOat, xai nsiQadsvzsg, cog ovy, 
i]dvvavzo, dninXsov in oixov. 3. G^ovzeg d' iv zm TiaQaTrXco sg 
Ktq^aXXrjviap dizo^aGiv nouiGdixsvoi ig zijv Kgaviwr yiqv, 
dTxazrjd'ivzsg vn avzoop sj o^ioXoycag zivhg avd^ag re ano^aXXovoi 
Gqjwp ahz&v sntOsfASPcop dnqoGdoKTizoig zoop KQavicoVf aai ^laiozB' 
{)0v dvayayousvoi ixoixiG-QriG^iv in oiyov. 

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8'4 e o TK2\diJ o T z rrrPA 0H2:, 

XXXIY. ^Ev ds rep avj^ y^si^m'J. 01 ^AdrjvoiOi, tcp TxarQic^ 
pofACx) ygmfAS^'Oi, diji^woLa racpag irroi'iJGafTo roov sv raids rc^ 7io)JfA,cp 
TiQoozO'P anodavoviodv rQoncp ro(.(pds. 2. ra fAev oarcc nQorlQevrai 
imp (InoytfoiAtfODV, TiQOtQira aKrjvrfV noirjaavTBg, xai iniq}iqu ^cp 
avrov t>ia(jrog jjv ri ^ovh]rai. 3. snsidav ds -rj VAcpoqa filaQvaxag 
xv7raQ!<J0ivag ayovav a^ia^ai, cpvXJjg sxaGr/jg ixlav ' sreari ds rk 
oora iig exixarog f^v q^vXJjg. ^la ds yMvfj y.£VTj cpsQsrai iarQoo(Asr}] 
rmv aqjU'Poov, oi av jxlj evQsdcoaiv eg araiQeaiv, f 4. ^vveyiq^BQH ds o 
^ovXofxspog aaroop xal ^spcop, xai yvvaiKsg naQSioiv al nQomj- 
Kovaat mi rov rdq:op olocfVQOi^svaL 5. rid^iaaiv ovv ig ro dr]fA6~ 
aiov oJifAai hrvv Ini rov yaX7u6rov nqoaorsiov rtjg noXeoog, yal 
dsl iv avrai ddrzrovac rovg i^ roov noXsfimv, tiXtJv ys rovg i-p Ma- 
ga&mn ' eKslvoov ds diarzQsnTJ rt]v dgsztji' xqivavrsg avrov xal rov 
rdcpop STToirjaap, 6. snsidav ds yQvipcoai yrjy av7]Q 7jQ7]fiSVog vno rl^g 
n6Xs(xig^ hg dv yvoo^i^rs doy.ri fn] d^vpsrog sipai yai a^toifiari ^QoriX)j, 
Xsysi in avroig snaivop rop nqsnopra ' fisid ds rovro dnsQioftui, 
7. cods (Asv ■ddinrovoi ' xcu did iiavrog rov txoXsiaov, onors ^vfi[^u(ii 
avToTgf hiQ(^v'£o rqi vo^Kp. 8. iril 5' ovv roig nqmroig roTads TJt^ii- 
yXijg 6 lEavdinnov fiQiiO}] Xtytir. ycu msid]] KaiQor iXd^^jari 
TTQOsXdwv aTro rov arifiarog im ^tj^ec vx^rriXop nsnoirnisvop, o/zo.'^ 
aKOvotio cog Ini riJ.siaiop rov bfAiXoVy sXsys roidds. 

XXXV. 01 f(SP noXXoi rcop ipddds siQipiorov iqdri STzairovGi 
rov TTQOo&tvra 7ft5 vofxcp rov Xoyov rovds, cog yaXov im roTg sk imp 
TroXsficov dantoiisvoig ayoQSvsodai avzov ' sfioi d dgyovv h.p Idoyu 
slrcu dvdgcov dyaOcov SQycp ysvojAsvcov sgyco yal d}]Xova&ai rag 
riiidg, oca xal vvv nsQi rov rdcpov rovds drmoala TtaQaaysvaadtvra 
6i)di8, xal ^r] 8v svi dvdQl ttoXXo^v aQsrag yivdwevsad^ai ev rs xal 
yuQOV tlnovri niGrsvdi'ivai. 2. yaXsnov ydq ro fisrQtcog sinsip^ h 
d) ftoXig yai ?/ doycijatg rrjg dXtj^scag pF^aiovrai. o re yaQ ^vvti-doji, 
yal svpovg d'AQoarrjg rdy av ri ivdescrrsQaig, nqog d ^ovXsrai rs ya\ 
Iniararai vqiAiasis dt]XovG&ai, o rs ursiQog sariv d ycu nXsovd^s- 
adcu, did cpdovov, st ri vttsq rr^v suuzov cpvaiv aKOvoi. f^^XQi- ydg 
rovds dvsAzoi ol snaivoi slai tzsqi srsQOor XsyojASVOi, sg oaov dv yal 
avrog sy,aarog oirirai Ixavog sivcu dgdaai ri cop ijKovae' rw d& 
vnsQ§dXXovri avrcov cp&ovovvrsg fjdi] Kal dniarovaiv, 3. sneidl] ds 
^oTg ndXai ovrmg idoMjUf^Gd^i] ravra xaXcog sysiv, XQV ^^^ 4^^'? 

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LIB. 11. CAP. XXXVl — XXXVIII. 85 

inouevov tco fo^q^f nuQa^dai v^m' tiji.] SKadTOv ^ovli](}Ecig re xai 
do^Tig Tvy^tTv mg stii TjXslaroi'. XXXVL uQ^Ofiai ^s ano tooi> 
TTQoyorcov TTQooioV diKaiov yccQ avioTg xat TiQt'nov 8s af^ivc fv 7qi 
roiwds 7riv 7i^a}jv lavir^v rJjg lAvrifirjg didoodai. iriv yag yodQav o-i-i 
01 avTOi oixourtegj dtadoyfj twp eTriyiypoix^vcov f^iryot Tovds tltvxh- 
nuv 8i' aotrr^v TraQtdo^av. 2. i'Attvoi t£ a^ioi tfiaiiov, xut In. 
uallov 01 7iait()8g iji^mv' >i7: r]6cziAefOi yccQ TiQog olg idthuro odir 
r/o^tr aoyjjv ovx ccTZOVcog rjtup zolg fvv nQOGyAiriXinov. 3. Jix Ss 
ttIslco avTijg avtoi IjfAHg olds, ol i>vv hi ovteg fAaXiara ^.v ti] xaOc- 
arfjuvia ijXiy/ia, lmiv'S,riaaix8v, kcu xrjv noXiv 7 olg nmi naqeaxEva- 
aanEv xai ig noXsf^ov xai ig EiQijvrjv avraQxsardTTiv. 4. mv eyoj ra 
fuv xazcc TTolefxovg SQya, oig exaaia ixr/jd-t], ?/ el tt avioi "fj ol 
TtaTt'Qfg Tjfiojv ^oLQ^aqov y EXX'tji^a noXs^ov Iniovxci TZQodvfAcog i^i^iv- 
fdjjLb&a, ^axQrjyoQtTv sp eldoair ov ^ovXofAsrog, idaco ' ano ds oiag 
76 STTirridemsoog fiXOo^sv In avia xai (xed^ olag noXireiag xai 
TQonmr i^ oicov ^AeydXa iyspsro, zavta dtjXcoffag nqmrov Hfxt yuu 
em 70V rSpde snaivov, voixi^oov sni re 7m naQ0V7i ovx av anQsnJj 
Xty^O^riPai aura, xai top ndvia ofAiXor xal daioov xai. ^evoov ^v^q-.o- 
Qov tlvai avtoop Inaxovaai. XXXVII. yQcofxeda ydg noXiiem 
ov ^7jXov(yi] 7ovg 7(op nt'Xag pofiovg, naqddeiyiia ds [^aXXop avrot 
ovTsg 7(pi. fj fiifiovfispoi- STSQOvg. x'tl opofxa fisv did ro //// 4' oXlyovg 
dXX eg nXsLOpag olxtip 8t]{j,oxQaTia xsxhjtai' iAS7sazi ds xa7a [isv 
covg vofAOvg ngog 7k idia didcpoQa nd(j(. to laov, ^cojtos ds zrjv aj/oa- 
air, oog sxaaxog sp zw svdoxifAsTj ovx dno fASQOvg to nXeZop eg tk 
xoipd 7] an dgsr^jg nQOiiixdiai, ovd av xara nspiap, sy^cop ds 71 
dyad OP dqdaai ta//^ noXiP, d^KD/iazog dcpavsia xexcoXvrat. 2. sXsv- 
'Oi--Qcog ds 7d 7S ngog to holpop noXizsvofisP xai ig Ttjp nqog dXXv^- 
Xovg 7ihv xad' i)ii8Qap sniTTjdsvfidzooy vnoxpiap, oh dC OQylqg 70f 
nsXag, si xad' ifiopfiv 71 dga, syoP7sg, ovds di^qiiiovg fASP Xvni]Qkg 
' ds 771 o\psi dy&Tjdopag nQoa7ids^spoi. 3, dpsnayOwg ds rd idia 
nQoaofiiXovprtg 7d druiocjia did dsog ^dXiara ov naqapoiiovixsv, 7m> 
TS dtl ep doyrj ovroop dxQoddsi. xai 700P pojj^cop xai judXiaia avroov 
oGOi 7S in cocpsXsta 7oop ddixovfitpojp xsTpzai, xai cgoi, aygacpoi 
OPtsg, (UGyvi'TiP 6f.ioXoyovfiSp}]y cpeQOvoi. XXXYIII. xai fA^tjp xal 
TOiV nopcDP nXsi67ag dpanavXag 77j yvojfij] snoQiaa^s&ay ayojGi fih 
\H xai •dvQiaig diSTTjaioig poiAi^ovrsg, idtaig ds xataaxsvaig svnQS^ 

Hosted by 



niaiv, cov xa&^ ijii'dQCiv ?/ rtQxpi^ to IvmjQOv hinlrjaau. 2. iriiiiO'- 
eQ'^srai ds dia ixtyEdog Ttjg noleo^g bk Trdffrjg yrjg ra -T^d-PTa, >t(u 
^i\u^aL'rci yfuv lAr^div oiKSLOisQa rrj akokdmsi ra avtov ayada 
yrpwiiEva 'AaQnovadai, rj xai za twv aXkcov (X^i?()oo;7ca^7" XXXIX. 
d(,acpt(>o.u8v ds Kcu raig tav noleiAixmv (JLeliraig t^v Ivavilcxiv 
lotadc. 7t]v le yciQ noliv y.oivriv TzaQS^OfieVf >iac ovk eotiv or a 'Ssrrj- 
lizaicag arxeiQyoptev nva // fia&^fj^aTog i] d^edpiaTog, h (xij y^QvcpQev 
av Tig Tojv TToXsfiimv i8(X)P aq)eh]d^eL}], niGTBvovTeg ov talg naqa- 
oxsvcug TO nlsov y^ai aTraTaig, rj r(^ aq}' 7]fiav avToor eg Ta SQyci 
tvipv'^ai ' xai Bv Taig naidsiaig oi fisr ETzmovcg a6H7]asi, evOvg vboi 
hvTeg, TO ardgtcov (iSTeQ^oPTccif rjfAeig ds avsffispcog diaiTcofievoi 
ovdsv t]o60f mi Tovg laoTralsTg yjrdvvovg )^coqov{asv. 2. Teyfx/iQiop 
8t' 0VT8 yag Aaysdaiiionoi ya-Qr sydaTOvg^ fiSTa ndvTmv d^ eg tijv 
yljv rii^mv GTQaTEVQvai, ti^v ts t(x>v ntlag avToi STtslOovTeg ov %(ik^' 
Tz^g iv Ti] odloTQia Tovg ttsqI rmv olyeimv dfxvvopisvovg (xayojievoi 
Ta TrXaico yoarovfiey. 3. ddQoa Tt Ty 8vpdfA,SL thaoop ov8tig Tim 
fioXtjAiog 8j'8TV)[8f dice Ti]v Tov vavTiyov re a^ia mif^ieXsiav, yea t\]v 
Iv Tfi yii mi TJoXXoc i]fA.oov avTm' minsix\piv ' i^v ds nov uoqIoo titi 
riQoafii^coai, yQCiiriaavTsg ts rivag ijiimv navzag avyovGiv a/rsa- 
adai, yal viyri&sfTsg vcp dnd.vT(x}v rjaarjaOai. 4. xaiToi si QitOvnta 
f.iaXXov 7] Ttofcov nsXsTYi, yai ^lij (ASia lOfioov, to nXsiov ij tqottcov 
drdQSiag IdsXoiASv yivdwEvtir, nsQiyiyvsTai 7]^Tv Toig ts fitXXovGii 
dlysipoig /i// TzgoydiAPSiP, yal ig avid sX&ovai i^t] dzoXfxoTSQOvg toji 
dsl uoydovpTcop cpaipsad^ai. 3&L. yai sp ts TOVTOig t7]p noXiv 
dhiav shai d^avixd^sadai yal stl iv dlXoigf ^^iXoyaXovi.iS'P ydg }asv 
svrs7.siag yal q)iXoaoq)ovfiSV dvsv (xaXayiag ' nXovxf^ rs SQyov (mX 
Xop yaiQq> fj Xoyov yo^mcp 'yQ(^(xsd'a, yal to nsvsadai ovy OfioXoysir 
TiPi ala^Qov, dXXd fxy diacpsvysip sgycp aioyiop. 2. spi ts ToTg 
avToTg olysUov dpia yal TioXiTiycop STiifAsXsia, yai szsQoig ngog sgya 
TSTQafifispoig 705 TToXiTixd iirj i'pdscog yp^pai ' nopoi yag top ts fiy- 
dsp Tm'ds liSTsyovTa ovy dngdyfxopa dXX^ dygsiop vo^iXoiasp^ yai 
avTol rjTOi ygiPOfASP ys rj spdyfiovfAsda ogd^oog ra ngdyfiaTa, ov 
TOvg Xoyovg Toig sgyoig ^A^fjv rjyovfisvoi, dXXa fj,7] ngodidaidrivai 
udXXov Xoycp ngoTsgop ij snl a dsi sgyop sXdsip. 3. dtacpsgoPTO)^ 
ydg dl] yal tods syofisp^ Sats ToXfAav ts oi avrol fidXiGTa, yal ntpj 
coa' miisigriaoiisp syXoyit,sC)Oai' o ToTg dXXoig dfiaOia f^isr dgacjug^ 

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LIB. 11. CAP. XLI. XLII. S? 

loyifjuog ^s okvov qjsgei. -AQaTiaroi d' ar jijv ipvyjjv dtxa^cog 'aqi- 
d-eltv, 01 zd re dsiva >ial ridsa aacpiaTCira yiyvcodxovtEg, y,ai 8ia 
Tccvia [Af] anoTQBTZo^evoi sk tojv yjvdvvcop. 4. xat za sg aQStijv 
rjvariicoiAeOa TOtg noXloig' ov yaQ ndoy^ovxeg av dXld dQavztg 
ttzoj^itda zovg (pilovg. ^s^iuoz^Qog ds 6 dqaaag Z7]v xd^iv, ooars 
ocptiloiAev}]'}' di' avi'Oiag cp dtdcoKS aco^siv 6 8^ dvToq}SLl(x}v diA^Xv- 
^toog, eldwg ovk ig yaQtr, dlX sg bcpeilij^a zrjv dgsirjv dnodaooor. 
5, Tial novoi ov zov ^v^qjsgo'prof ^dlXov XoyixjfAi^^ 7] Tijg iXsvOsQiag 
^(p niGT^ d8e5ig riva CK)q)6XovfA,sr. XLI. ^vpsXcar zt Xtyoo Z7]v Z8 
Tzdcjav noXtv zrjg 'EXXddog naidevaiv shat, aal aad^ sxaazov doxetv 
av fAoi zov avzov dvdga nciQ 7]ficov etti nXsXaz dv 8i8t], ytai fiszd 
"^ciQizcav i^idXiai dv syzQaTzeXcog^ zo oafia avzagxeg TiaQeysa&aL 
2. Hai cog ov loyo^v £v zq) naqovzi yJ^TZog za8s fidXXov ij egycov 
sazh dX)]deia, avrtj y 8vva^ig zfjg nolecog, tjv dno Z(^v8s zc^v zqo- 
7T03V i'AT7]GdfAs''a) arji-iaLVU. 3. ixovrj ydg zojv vvv dv^oyg AQSiGaojv 
ig TisiQav sQ^sraij xai fiovT] ovzs zai TzoXsfiicp etteXOovzl dyavd'Azijaiv 
eysi vcj] oicov xaxoTiadEi, ovzs zqj V7i7]x6qj >cazd{A£fA\pi7' cog ovy vtz 
d^tG?v dqyEZiU. 4. \iEzd fA,8ydXo()P 8s G7]fiEiCDV, xai ov 8iq zoi' 
zvQov ys zqv 8vvafxiv naqaaioiisvoi, zoig zs vvv xai zotg 'insiza 

d'aVfiaGd'7](j6fASda, Xai 0V8SV 7TQ0<j8£6fASr0i ovzs 'Of^iJQOV ETTaiVSTOV, 

ovzs 067 ig STTsai fxtv ZO avirAa zsQxpsi, zoov 8' SQycov zrjv vnovoiav 
Tj dlJjdsia ^Xaxpsi, aXXa ndaav ixsv ddXaoaai^ xai yJjv io^aiov zy 
■rnxszioa zoXptrj yazavayxdaavzeg ysrsaO^ai, Tzarzaxov 8s [ii'TjiiSia 
y.axwv zs xdyaOwv didia ^vyxaroiyJaavzsg, 5. ttsqI zoiavzrjg ovv 
noXsoag oi8s zs yevvaicog 8i'Aaiovi'zsg {a7] dqjaiQS&rjvai avzrfv jtta^o- 
lisfoi izsXsvTTjGar, aat zoov Isinoixsvcxiv ndvza ziva slxog iOiO.siv 
V7Z8Q avn]g ydixvsiv. XLII. 810 8)] yal ifArjxvva zd tisq\ zijg 716- 
Xsojg, 8i8a(JAaXiav zs T^oiovfxsvog fXT] tzsqI igov rjf.tTv shat zov dy&ra 
nai. oig z63j^8s fi7]8sv vndgysi ofiOLmg, xal Z7]v svloyiav aua scp oig 
rvv Xsyco q)avSQav arjfJiSLOig yaOiazdg. 2. yal s'lqijzai avzrig zd 
[ibyiGza' OL yuQ ziqv noXiv vi^iWiaa, al za)v8s yai zmv zoiwvSs aQtrai 
iKoanyjGaVy xai ovx dv noXXoIg zmv 'EXX/^vcov laoqQonog ooansQ 
7^v8s 6 Xoyog zoov sgycov q)av8ii]. 80x81 88 fioi 8qXovv dv8Qog uQEiriv 
TEoooirj zs ft7]vvovaa xai zsXsvzaia '^s^aiovaa rj vvv zoov8s xaza-' 
(^zQOCf/]. 3. xai, ydq zotg rdXXa ysiQoai 8ixaiov Z7]v ig zovg noXs- 
uov^ vnsg zTJg nazQi8og dv8Qaya&iav nQoziQsad^ai' dyaOq) ydg 

Hosted by 


88 eoTKTziiJor ZTrrPAihiis, 

iA(Ky})v acpafiaarreg noivcZg iiallov (xxpeXtjaav // ix t&p idico)^ ip^a^ 
-ipav. 4. TWi'de 8s ouis nlovzov t/^', ?//r in airoXavai r tiqo n fn^oagj 
ilialaxiaOij ovzs nsriug ilnidi, cog xav hi diacpvychv avrijv nlov- 
iiqGEieVi aya^oXrjv tov dtivov s/ioiyaaro' zf]v ds toov mnivrtoov 7/^o> 
^lav TtodtiroitQav avroj}^ la^orzeg, aai vdvdvfmf a^ix Tords yaiHi- 
(jTov 'pof.iuiavreg, £^ovXi]dt]aav ixbt avTOv tovg fisv TijAXxiOHa&ca^ 
i&v 8s hpU^dai, iXni8i ^sv to aqavsg lov xajOQ&(6(jeiv snitQi- 
ipavtsg, soyap 8s ttsqi tov ri8}j oqojiasvov oq}iGiv avrolg ahovvjsg 
nsnoid-ivai, xai Iv avzq) ro a^ivvsadca kdu nadsXv piaXlov ijyjjdd- 
lisvni. 7] 70 ir86vTtg aoj^saOat, to fAsv ai.G'j^QOv tov loyov scpvyov, to 
8' sQyov T(p GMfiart vniiASiviw, xat 8i' slapaxov xaiQOv tvpjg a^xa 
axf^ifi tJ^g 86hjg f^talXov y tov diovg a7r7]XXdyrj(jav. XLIII. K(/.^ 
oi8s lA-h' n^oar^KOVTixig rfi noXsi ^oioiSs iytvovio ' rovg 8s Xoinovg 
1()f] aacpaXsaisQav usv sv'/^aaOat, aioXfiorsQav 8s ^7]8sv a^wvv rhv 
sg tovg TioXefiLOvg 8idvo(av s^siv, aKOnovrrag fAf] X6;^'cp fiorco iijv 
(hi:psXsiav, i]v ai> rig nqog ov8si> x^^Q^'^ avrovg v^dg slSozag (xiyAvvoi, 
Xiy(i)v oaa iv rm '?oug TtoXspiiovg diAvrsaOat dyaOd hsaxiv^ vdlk 
^dXXov Tiiv iTJg TzoXeojg 8vvaiAiv %a\f ijiA^Qav SQyco dsooiihovg xal 
^qaaiag yiyvo^svovg avirjg, 'aoli orav vfiTv i^isydX)] 80^1] slvai, svdv- 
uovixhovg on ToXixavrsg, y,ai yiyvcDaKorreg 7 a 8sovra, y.aL iv roTg 
ifQyoig ai6'ivvo(JLSvoi av8Qeg avra syarjaavro, xai onoxs ttsIqci 
70V 6q)aXsiri6av, ovy.ov7> van tqv noXiv ys zrig aipsrsqag aQSirig d'S^i- 
ovi'Tsg OTSQiaxsWy xdXXiaiov 8s SQavov amy TigotsfASPoi. 2. -AOivri 
ydo rd ooDixaza 8t86pj£g, l8ia 70v dy/^QOJv srzari'ov sXdu^avov, xal 
TOP jdq^op miGijixozcizoVy ovx sv co xshzai fidlXov, dlX iv cp fj 
86^a avzmr naqa 7(X) £V7Viov7i asi xai Xoyov ach SQyov xiziqco dsi- 
uvr](yzog 'AaiaXtlnszca. 3. dv8Qmv yaQ inicpavcov n-dna yJj zdqog 
vAii ov GiriXcov fxovov S'P zfi oixsia oinaipsi sniyQacpri^ dXXk Kai sv 
zfi ia)j 77Q06}]xdvGri dyQCicpog fu-^jf^j naQ sxdorqi 77]g yvcofi}]g fidXXov 
rj 70V SQyov h8iaijdzai. 4. ovg vvv vfisig t,qX(iaav7sg y.a\ lo ev8ai- 

llOV 70 iXsvOSQOV, 70 8s sXsvd-SQOP 70 SVlpV^OV y.QLVaV7Sg, 111] ■TISQIO 

QaGiJs lovg TTolsfAiKovg yjp8vvovg. 5. ov ydg ol yaxoriQayov'Pzsg 
diyaiozsQov aq)Si8GTsv dv zov ^lov, olg zXnig bvx S67 dya&ov, dlX 
olg 7] ivaviia f-isza^oXt] iv 7(p (^Jjv szi ytvSvvsvsiar, ycu iv olg fmli- 
67a ^isyaXa 7 a 8iaq;sQovTa, rpp 71 n7cii(jmGiv. 6. dXysivo7i(JDc ydq 
'hdiji ys cpQovTjiicc r/orri rj tv 7qj fis7a 70v juocXaKiax^JiPai yaKcoaig, 

Hosted by 


LIB. 11. CAP. XLIV — XLVII. 89 

?/| usra QcofiTjg xai KOtvrjg elaiidog afia yijvofupog , avaia&ijrog 
■ddvatog. XLIV. dioTreg Kai. Tolg rcovds vvv roxsag, oaoi TzaQEGts^ 
ovK olocpvQOiica fialXov, r} 7TaQafAvd)]60fA,aL iv TToXviQOTioig ydq 
^v^q)OQaig Iniaiaviai tQcccpiiVTeg ' rb d' sviv^sg, ol av jijg avTZQene- 
aTaTijg },d)[03Gir, ooarzeQ oids fisv vvv tsXsvz7]g, vfAtig ds Ivrirjg, 
olg svsvdaifiovTJaai rs 6 §log b^iomg xai ivTtlevrjjaai ^vvtfAStQfiOii. 
2. ^alBTzov liBv ovv oida rrsidsiv ov, oov >iai TzoXXdxig t%szs vnoixin]- 
fiata sp aXXcov evTVXiccig, alg nore xai avroi yydXXsad's ' xal Xvnq 
0V1 mv dv rig ^tj neiQaadfAevog dya&ooi' aieQiay.riTai, dXX oh dv 
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ini 0Qdxrig xai Iloiidcaav szi noXioqxovfxsvTjv, dcpixoiASvoi ds firj- 
'^ardg zs ry Tlozidala nqoasqjSQOV xai navz] zQoncQ insiqoovzo 

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LIB. II. CAP. LIX. LX. 95 

rlsTi, 2. nQOvy^o^QSi ds avToTg ovzs ij algsaig rljq nol^wg ovts 
zaXla T:7jg ncioaaKevrig a'^loag' STZiysvof.isvri yuQ 'rj I'oaog erravda 
dr] ndvv InUoe rovg ^O^Tj^aiovg, cpdsiqovGa rr/v arQaTiar, marE 
xat Tohg TTQoztQOvg arQancotag i'oarjcrat zoov ^40rjraiO3V ano rJjg 
^vv Ayvcxivi OTQaziag, iv r^ ttqo rov XQo^'Co vyiaivovtag. 0oQfALa3t 
ds 'Accl ol i^a'Aoaioi 'AOiiihoi ovxsri tjaav tteq} X(xhAi8mg. 3. 6 fAst 
ovv Ayvfxiv raig vavatv av82f^Q}](ysv ig jag 'Ad'^vag^ ano TSTQa- 
>i((Jlili(op OTiXiTav )[i)Jovg Kai. neviTj'AOvra tf[ roacx) anolJaag h 
TeGGaqaxovTa fidXtaTa ijfAb'Qaig * ol ds ttqotsqoi atQaTiojtai xaia 
^cDQav fxtfovTEg moXwQ-AOvv TTiv IJoiidaiav. 

LIX. Mera ds t7]v dsvisgap sa^oXriv roov nsXouovvijauov oi 
AOripatoi; cog r/ ts y7j avtf^v Iistix^to to dsvtsQov, ?) voaog 
intxtiTO a^ACi xai o TioXsfAog, rfkXomvro lag yvojfAag, 2. xai top fAsv 
Usor/JJa ip aiila sliop, cog neicjapTa uqjdg TToXefASip, xai. di^ JksTpop 
tcug ^vfACpoqaTg TiSQi7ism:cox6rsg, nqog ds rovg /laxedaifAOPiOvg 
Zquripjo '^vyicoQSiP * xai - TTQsa^eig Ti/pccg TTt-fAxpavrsg cog aviovg 
anQaxToi iyspopTO. napxajpd^^p is ttj ypcofiy anoQOi xadscnwisg 
ivhEivto i(h UsQixXsL 3. ds 6qo3V avTovg nqog %k naqdvia 
IctXanalvopTag xai ndpra noiovvTag ansQ avrog 7jX7Tit,8^ ^vXXoyov 
noiriaag, hi ^ EarQocTijysi, ^^ovXsto daqavpal ts xai ocTrayayojp to 
oqyil^OfASfOV rrjg ypcoi^ifjg nqog to qnico'TSQOP x(u dd6S6T£qop xccrcc- 
oxijoai, naqsXd'chp ds sXsie roioide. 

LX. Kcu TTqoadsxofAiiPCp ixoi %a 7:7]g oqyljg viimv eg e/js ysysv?]- 
7(u^ aiaddvoiACU ydq rag ahiag, xai ixxXr]6iar jovtov h'sxa ^vrij' 
yayoPf oncog vTrofA^pr/aco xai fAEuipofiai, si. rt fAt] oqOcjg ')] EfAOi. ^aXe- 
naiPSTS, 1] laig ^v^cpoqaTg sixszs. 2. iym yaq ijyovuai noXiv ttXsico 
^vfiTiaoap 6qO-ovfi8P}]p coqeXsiP Tovg IdicoTctg y xaif exaaiop 7mv 
noXitcov EVTTqayovGap, ddqoap ds OKfiiiXXoiAbvijp. 3. xaX^g fASP ydq 
q)eq6fAEPog dpr^q lo xad^ savrop diaq)0Eiqo{A8vrjg r7]g narqldog ovdsp 
Tiaaop ^vpaiioXXvrczi, xaxorv^cov ds ep tvrv^ovari ttoXXoj imXXov 
duiaco^tTca. 4. ottots ovp noXig fisp idg idiag ^v^AqiOqdg ola ts 
qjEqsiv, Etg 8s txaarog tag Exsip}]g ddvparog, Tioog ov y^qij ndviag 
d}Avvtiv avTij, xai f-i}} o pTjp vusTg dqdts, taig xaz o%xov xaxonqa- 
yiaig ExncnXriyiAsvoi zov xoirov trig GcoTrjquzg acpisaS's, xai. Ef.i8 r» 
'zop naQcavsaavia ttoXe^eip xai. vfAag avzovg, oS ^vpEypcois, di' akiag 
i^siE, 5. Hanoi 8fio} TQiovrc^ drdqi, oqyiXtadSy og ovdsrog oio^iai 

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96 eoTKTJiJOT ATrrPA0H2\ 

ijaocGV eJvai yvcZvai is ra diovra nai sQixrjvevaai jovra, cpikonoXig 
78 Kai. ][07]fAaTcov 'AQEiaacov. 6. Ts yaQ yvovg Kai. jM/) aacp^g didd- 
^ag iv iaqi xai, el firj eps&v{x?]^7]' o t 8]^mv afAq)6TSQa, ry d's ttoXsi 
dvapovg, ovk av ofiotojg n oly^emg qqa'Qoi ' TiQooovrog ds Tiai lovde, 
^Q?]fiaoi dt 'Pixojfxtvov, za ^vfXTiavTcc tovtov srbg av no^loito^ 
7. G)(JT SI fioi ncu fisaojg 7]yovpievoi fAocllov sztQOjp nQoauvai avxa 
7roX£{j,ttv £7T£i6-d'r]7S, ov>i civ tixoioog vvv 70V ys abixHv ahcav cpSQoi- 
^Tjv. LXI. yaQ olg (aIv aiQ86ig ysyivrixai 7alla tv7vy(^ov6i, 
noXlri avoia TtoleiA,rja(u' si d' dpayxacov 7]v tj si^av7ag svOvg loTg 
TTsXag vnaxovoai ?/ yiidvvsvGav7ag TZSQiysvsad'cu, o q)vyoov tov xiv- 
bvrov 70V V7x067dv70g f.isfi7T767SQog. 2. xai iyco ^sv 6 oLvxog el/^i 
>iai OVK £^[(j7auai ' v^JisTg ds fiSTa^aXXs7S, STzsidr] ^vvs^t] vfiTv nsi- 
cd^ijvai (Asv dyiSQafoig, {AS7afjisXsi4> ds xaxovfA-svoig, na). rov Sfiov Xo- 
yov iv T(p vf.is7eQ0j dadsfsl 77Jg ypcofxrjg iirj OQd^ov q)alvsod^ai^ Siozi 
70 i^sv Xvnovv sisi r/di] rriv aiGdrrjaiv SKd(77C0y rT/b' ds GiCfsXsiag ans- 
071V hi 7] d)]Xo36(g anaai, 'acu fiS7a^oX7]g fjsydXijg, y,ai 7av7t]g i§ 
oXiyoVy sixnsaovarig 7a77Sivr] vfAcov ij didvoia syKaQ7SQSiv a syvoi)76, 
3. dovXoT yccQ cpQOVTjfia ro alcpvidiov d7TQ.06d6y7]70v xal to ttXsi- 
67cp TtaQaXoycp ^vfj^aTvov ' o vptTv TTQog 7oTg dXXoig ov^ ^>f*cr^<?s 
Kol ya7a Trjv voaov ysysftj7ai. 4. o^o:)g ds noXiv fAsydXTjv oIkovv- 
7ag, yal iv fi&soiv dv7i7TdXoig amri 7sdQafAfAsvovg, ^qsojp >ial Jvjm- 
qjogaig 7aig nsyi67iyjg i&sXsiv vcfidtaGOai, yat 7]]v d^icoaiv firj 
dcpavil^siv ' iv i6qi yaQ ol dvOQCortoi diyaiovai 77]g 7£ vnaQiovarjg 
do^Tjg altida-dai o(J7ig [AaXaxia iXXslnsi yai 7r]g fit] 77Q06fjyovar]g 
fiiffsiv 70V &Qaav7?]7(, oQsyofAsvor ' anaXyi]Gav7ag ds 7a idia rov 
aoivov tTJg (jo37r]Qiag dvuXaiA^dvsad-ai. LXII. 7ov ds novov top 
Kara 70V TToXsfiOv^ ^aij ysvijiai 7s noXvg yai ovdsv fidXXor nsQiys- 
vcofisd'a, dQysi7co fAsv vfjiv xal ixsTva iv o'l^ dXXo7S 7ioXXdy,ig ys drj 
dnsdsi^a ovy oQ&aig av70v v7707t7Ev6fisvoVf drjXcoaoi) ds koI 76ds, o 
fioi doxsL78 om am 01 nmnoTS ivx^vfirjd-Jjvai, vTzaQ^ov vjuv, fAsys- 
-d-ovg TTSQi ig 7riv aQ^riv om iyoj iv 70tg 77q]v Xoyoig ' ovd^ av vvv 
sxQi](ydiirjv yo^mo!)dsa7SQav syov7i 7'riv TZQoanoiriiJw, si fA}] ya7a7i6' 
nhjyfisvovg vfidg TiaQa to slxog sGjQaiv. 2. o'/sa&s ^sv yccQ rcor 
^v^ifidyoov ^iovov agysiv^ iyo) ds dnocpaivcxi dvo fxsQ^v 7wv ig XQrjoiv 
cpavsQmv, yjjg yai daXa6a7]g, 70v stSQov vfxdg nav7og KVQioo7d70vg 
QV7ag, icp oaov 7S vvv viftsads ycti )jv im ttXsov ^ovh]dri78 ' ya\ ovk 

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LIB. 11. CAP. LXIII. LXIV. 97 

ii6Tit> oaiig TTj V'/raQ^ovay TtaQadxevrj tov favrmov nXiovxag viiag 
ovTS ^(zatlevg 'acoIvosi, ovts alio ovdep e&rog tcov ev zqy naQovTi. 
3. Giurs oh y.axk xriv tcov oikioop xai rTJg pjg '^qeiav, cop f,isydla)p 
vo^i^s78 mzsQtjffdafy avrij tj dvpafug q)aip8Tat" ovd^ elaog ^alsTzojg 
fb'Qsiv avToofj iiallop rj oh xijTZWP Kai syHallmTncyfia nlovTov nqog 
tavxYiv vo^laapTsg oliycoQTJaai, xat ypoorai elev^BQiav fisp, 7]p apzi- 
lapt^apofispot ahrTJg dia^maojfxsr, qadicog tavra apalTjipofxspfjp, 
&loop d' vnaKomaui k«< ra nQoaeKTrnjiBpa q)il£ip ilaaGovad^ai, 
z^v xs nat^qmp (Arj ^^eigovg xaz a^cpotsQa q)aP7Jpaf, o? fxsra 7t6pg)v 
Kal oh naq allmv da^d^upoi "/.oLtiayop tb koi nQoaiti dtaac^aavzag 
naQsdoaav tjiuv ahza, aiaiiov de tiopzag dq)aiQS&ijpai ?/ ztoafzepovg 
drvpiaai, ihai ds rotg iy^i^QoTg ofxoae fit] cpQOprnia'n fxopov, dlla yiatacpQOvriiAari, 4, av'^r^Aei fxsv yaq dno dfjiad^iag ehtv^ovg 
KocJ deilm ripi iyyiypBtai, xaiacpQovyaig ds og civ KotJ yvoofiri ni6T8vr( 
twv ivaptiojv nqo^iBiPj o -rjiiiv vnaQiu. 5. xocJ rriv jclfxav dno trig 
oixoiag 7V](^7]g rj ^vpeatg ix tov vniqcpqovog i](^VQ03rsQav naqiiBtai, 
ilnidi 78 r^aaov TTiarsvai, ijg iv 7W dnoQCp tj i(y%vg, ypoo^ri ds dno 
t&p vnaQiopioDVi rjg ^s^aioiSQa )) n'Qovoia. LXIII. 7ii}g 7S nolewg 
vfidg eixog tcp Tiftoofispcp dTio tov dg^stv, opnsQ anaprsg dydllsoOa, 
§07]d8iP, xal ixTj q)£vy8ip jovg novovg ij ^rfis ikg iifiag diojKStP ' ^ijds 
P0fAi<jai nsgl ivog ftopov, dovleiag dvi slavxtsqlag^ dymriCeoOaij 
dlld -aai dqylqg Gtaqfjasosg yau xivdvpov oop iv zji dq)(^ri d7ti])[d^8G\}s. 

2. f]g ovd^ ixatijvai hi vpiip iaziv, si zig vuu Tods sv t^ naqopri 
dedmg aTTqayfAoavprj dpdqayadL^siat' (X)g zvqavpida yaq 7]di] syszs 
avti]v, 7iv la^tTv fisv ddiKOP doKSi slvat, dq)8ipai ds smyiivdwop. 

3. rdy^Kst ap rs noltv ol rotovTOi irsqovg te nsiGavrsg anoli68iav, 
yiai 81 nov mi 6(p€ov ahtmv ahrovoixoi orArjaeiaV to yaq anqay^ov 
oh Gcotsrai jatj ^isrd tov dqaoTi^qiov TSTayiiivov, ov8s iv dq)(^ov6rj 
TTolei ^vficpsqsi, dlX iv im)]yi6q>, dGq)alwg Sovlavsiv. LXIY. vfxsTg 
ds iiriTB vno Tcav Tomvds noliTwv naqdysaOs ixr^ra iixs di' oqyijg 
sx^TS, 4 ^^^ avTol 'Evpdiiyv(%T8 riolsusTv, si zai insldovrsg ol ivav- 
Tioi 'idqaaav a . q smog r^v (irj s&slTjadpTcop vf-icov VTzanovsip, miys- 
yepr]7ai ts niqa mp nqoasdE^oiisd-a tj poao^ T^de^ nqdyfta fAOPOv d)] 
zmv ndvTcop ilnldog xqslaGov ysysvTjfzspov. Kca dt' ahrrjp old' on 
%BQog Ti imllov hi uiaovfAat oh diKaicog, si pj }ia\ oiap naqd loyov 
%i to TiqdhjTa f/ioJ draOriosiE. 2. cfsqsiv ts xQ^ ^^ ^^ dccfii6ru< 


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98 eOTKTJi/lOT lEiTirPAfliHS, 

avaynaioog rd 78 ano rcov nolsfiicov avdQstoctg^ ravra yccQ iv sd^&i 
rfids rrj nolei ttqotsqov ts rjv vvv rs /«?/ ^v vfxiv xcoXvdy, 3. '^'vats 
ds ovof^a fzt'yiarov avzrjy e^^ovaav iv Tzaaiv avdqc^noig dice to raig 
'§viicfOQaTg ^ri siKeiv, nXeiuza ds aco^ara koI novovg afaXojyJvai 
noXsfiCii, }<ai dvfviixiv ^eyiajrjv dj] /Ug^^t rovda i^EKZijfAsvTjpy Tjg ig atdwy 
roig intyiyvofAevoig, ^v aai vvv VTzevd^fAev noie, Trtivza yag nsq)VHS 
aai ilaaaovad'ai, fiv^^ut] ^taralelsiipsrat, ^Elh]V(!0v rs oii EXl'tjrsg 
Ttlelaroov dt] ijQ^af^sv, Km Trolt'fioig fAeyiaroig avTSG][o^ev nQog rs 
^v^Tzavrag xoct xotO'' SKaatovgy noliv 18 loig naaiv i-v7i0Q0JTmi]i 
^ai iA,eyiaTi]v Mni^aa^sv. 4. naiTOi ravra 6 ^sv anQciyfA-wv fAt)t' 
xpan ar, 6 ds dgav 7i ^ovXofASvog uai avrog ^ijXooasi ' h ds 7tg {nj 
asyaTjrai, cpOovijaei. 5. ro ds fxiasiad-ai >ial XvTzrjQOvg thai iv Tfj? 
TTagovri naai jasv vnriQ^s dq oooi hsqoi sttQCov rj^icoaav aQy^siv ' 
hang d^ ini ^syiaxoig to STZicpdorov Xa^ji^avsi, ogO^cog ^ovXsvsTai. 
jMGog ixsv yaQ ovk ini noXv kvriysi^ ?/ ds nagavrUa re Xa^nQorrig 
Tta] ig 70 meira d6'S,a asiixvriarog HazaXsinsrai. 6. vfAStg ds sg rs 
70 fisXXov KaXov TZQoyvovrsg, sg 7s ro avzixa f^tj ala^Qov tw ijdri 
nQodvfji(p aijiqfOzsQa yai^GaaOs, Kai Aaxsdai^bvioig fA,i]78 inrAri^D- 
y,^vsGdSi ^ri78 svdfjXoi eare 70ig naQOVGi novoig ^aQwo^ievoi, cog 
oiTiveg TTQog 7ag ^vfAq)OQag yvooixrj f-isv rj'AiGra XvTtovvzai, 'igyco ds 
udXiCFta avTSjovaiv, ovroi aai ttoXscov xai ldioj70JV yigd7i67ol ship, 
LXV. ToiavTa o TIsQiaXrig Xsycov instqazo tovg ^A&rivaiovg 
trig 78 in avzov oQyrjg 7zaQaXv8n\ aai dno rcov naQovrcav dsivav 
dndysiv rrjv yvcofxijv. 2. ol ds d7]fA0<jfa fAsv 70ig Xoyoig dvsnsi- 
&OV70, aa). 0V78 TtQog 70vg Jtaxsdaif^oviovg hi snsfjtnov, sg zs 70p 
/loXsfJiov ficcXXov (X}QfA.7]V70, idicf ds 70ig nad-rj^aaiv iXvnovvro, 6 fASP 
dJjfAog 071 an iXa660voov oQfidfxsvog p(T7tQr]70 xai 7ovzcov, oi da 
dvvazol aald 'A7ri^a7a y.a7a zrjv ^/^cogav ohodo^latg re Ka\ noXvzs- 
Xiai y.azaaxsvatg dnoXoo7^E}iozsg, ro ds lisyiorov^ noXsfiov dvz sigrj- 
fjjg 8j[0vrsg. 3. ov iiivzoi ngozsgov ye ol ^vfAnavzsg inavaavzo iv 
ogyrj 'iiovisg avzov ngiv it,ri(A,maav igrnxaaiv. 4. vategov 5' avdig 
ov no7JM-)y onsg cpiXsi ofuXog noisTv, 6zgaz}]yop slXovzo xal ndvza 
za 7Tgdyfia7a insrgsxfjav, dv fASv nsgi za olxsTa sxaazog IjXysf, 
kiipansgoi fjdtj ovrsg^ mv ds rj ^Vfinafra noX'.g ngoasdsXxo, nXsiazov 
u'S.iov vo}.iiiovzEg tii'm. 5. o6oy re yag ^govov ngovarij zrjg noXsoag 
h T^ slgrivd, fiszgimg i'^riysTto ual docpaXc^g disqvXa^ev ai-r/^V, kos 

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t'^'ST'sro In sxEii'ov fxeyiorri ' Inei re 6 TZoXe/iog xarsW?;, 6 de q->aiP8-< 
Tat aai Iv tovrqi rrQoyvovg Tip' dvvaf.uv. 6. ine^lm ds dvo 'irrj xai 
\u'fvag 8^ ' xal 87isi8rj antdarer, im nliov hi ^yvcoaOt] r] ngovoia 
aviov ■}] 8g TOP Ttole^or. 7. 6 fisp yag r]6v^d^ov7ag re xai to 
vavTixQv deQantvoviag xar ocgy^qv f^.t] smxzcojUBvovg sv tqi TToXsixqi 
^ir^ds rfi ttoIel xirdvvtvorrag kqnj TieQisasaOat' ol ds zavia is navra 
ig TovvavriovinQa^av xai alia Sfo rov 7To)Jfjiov doxovvia eivaiy 
y.ata Tag idiag cpdoTifitag xai idia 'A^Qdtj, yuvAoog eg ts acpag avrovg 
Kai Tovg ^v(ifid](^ovg sjzoJ.iisvaav, a xazogOovfisva fASv Toig (dicoiaig 
rifiij a)q]sl£ia ^dllov 7p>, 6q)a)J-vra ds r^ ttoXsl eg rov TiolsfWP 
^la^ri yadiararo. 8. aiiiov d ijv otl Bxeivog ^sv durarog cov t^* 
TS d^icofAari y.iu ttJ yvcoiifi, iQrujimiXiv ts diacpavag ddcoQOTaTog 
ysvofASvogi Y^.ciTsXys to nlrid^og slsvOsqcog^ xai ovk 7]ysT0 {accIXov vtx 
avTov Tj avTog ijys, dia to [Hj yacxi^svog s^ ov TZQOGtjxovTcov ttjp 
dvvafxip TTQog fidovtjv ti Xsysiv, aXX' s/^div m d^iaasi y.cii nqog 
OQytjv Tt avTStnsiv. 9. onots yovv a((J&oiTo ti. avTOvg naqa xaiQov 
v^QEi d'aQ(50vvTag, Xtycov xaTi'TiXrjaaev Ini to q)0^siaOaij yal dedio- 
Tizg av dX6ycx)g dvTVAad^i<5tiq ndXiv Ini to d^ago'siv. lyiyvsTo ts 
Xoycp fAsv dTjfioyQaTKZ, soycp ds vno tov ttqcotov di^dgog ciCQpj. 
10. 01 ^s varsQOv laoi avTOi ^dXXov nQog aXXriXovg ovTsg, yai oqs- 
yo^sroi- TOV TZQcozog syaoTog yiyvsaOai, sigdnovTO' i]dovag Tcp 
driiJicp yai rd Trgdyfiara ivdidovai. 11. s| aw dXXa ts noXXd, wg iv 
fisydhj noXsL yal dQp]v s^^omij, yjuaQTrjO?] >tcu 6 eg JJiysXiav nXovg, 
og ov TOGo'vTov yvo3fi7]g dfAaQTri^ia ^v TtQog ovg sni^saaVy oaov ol 
ixTitfAxparTsg ov Ta nQoacpoqa ToTg ot)[OfAsvoi.g sniyiyvmayovtsg, dXXa 
yard rdg Idlag dia^oXag nsQi ttjc tov dtjf^ov TrgoaTadiag^ Ta ts sv 


8V dXXriXoig Ir aociy^i} qu av . 12. acpaXsvTsg d^ iv ^lysXia dXXrj ts 
TTaQaoysvYj xai. tov vavrixov Tq) nXsiovi fAOQicp, yai yard t7jv noXiv 
I'ldi] Iv aTaast ovTsg, ofAcog TQia {asv siij avTsT-^ov Tolg ts ttqotsqov 
vnaQiovai TzoXsjuioig, yai Tolg ano ^lysXiag ^isi avtcov yai Tmv 
^vfifAaycDv STL To7g nXtioaiv dq)SCiT7]K6GL, Kvqo-) ts vgtsqov ^aaiXscog 
naidi, TTQoaysrousvcp, og TiaQsTys yQtj^iaTa nsXo7Tovj'7]atoig sg to 
wavTVAOv ' yai ov ttqotsqov svtdoaav, ij avToi 8v acpiai yaTa TaQ 
*diag diacpoQag TtsQinsGovreg EOcpaXtjaav. Toaovrov im TIeqikXeI 

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100 ..eoTKr/ii/iOT ATrrPAdni^. 

msQicfaevae tots, acp cop avrog nQoiyv&) Hai ndvv av Qctbicog negt 
fEvsaOat rmv TlEl.OTiovvriamv avTcov tg5 nolsfACp. 

LXYl. 01 8s yfaxedaifiovioL oi ^vfA/KV/^oi rov avxov digovi 
iGtQaisvaav vavcuv sxaiov fV ZaKVvOov xriv vijaov, ij xeiTat avzi- 
nt'Qag *'H)jdog ' eloi, ds 'Aiamv 7cov Ik Tlelonovvtj6ov anoiy.oi yiai 
/ddiiraioig ^vrsfm/^ovp. 2. ^nmXeov ds y^aysdaif^ioviav pXioi 
hnlhiu xai Ki^ljfA.og ^naQTidrijg vavaQy^og. ano^avisg ds 8g T'rif 
niv 88(((OGav ra nolXd. >ial STisid}] ov '^wsxc^Qovp, dnin).^vGav m 


LXYII. Kal 101) avTov deoovg rslsvrwvTog ^A^iGTSvg Koqiv- 
diog xczl AaxsdaifiO'picor nQsa^eig, ^Avriqwiog kcu Nixolaog xat 
^zQcirodriiiog xai Tsyearrjg Tifiayogag kcu ^AQytTog idia JJolhg^ 
TJOQSvoiASvoi ig TrfP Adiav cog ^aadsa, si Tzcog nsiGstav aviov j^qtj- 
f^azd 7s naqi'isiv xal ^vfiTioXsfAsiv, dq)iKvov'PTai cog SudhArjv ttqco- 
Tov 70V TijQtco eg 0Q(ix7jp, ^ovl6f.isvot nslaai is avrov, si dvvaivro, 
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ueiQaoai, ti dvfaifro, nrsvfiato^' yHvoi^dvov, micp)J'S,(u iip noldv 
ovaav ov fjEyahjv ' Tiaaav yao di] Idiav Bntvoovr, £(- nojg acptatp 
arsv 8(iTrdr7jg vmj TtoXiooKiag TTooaaid^bUj. 3, cpOQOvvieg ds vlj]g 
cpayJllovg jzaQt^allov ano tov ^o3i:.iaTog fV '^o fieia^v tjqoqtov 7 do 
rsiyovg 'acu rrjg 77Qoa)[c6ijecog, la^fv ds nhjQOvg y^vofzevov 8ia tzoIv- 
yjiQiav, STTinaQn'jjoav xai Tijg alhig '^oXeoog oaov idwavro ano 
10V fisrscoQov nlHGTOv STTiay^Hv, 4. EfjpaXovttg 8s ttvq ^vv dsioi 
yux] TTiaoy ri^pav ttjv vhjv. iysvsro cplo^ 7oacivrri oa^v ovSstg 
7103 sg ye sksTvop tov y^Qovov ysiQonoitjTOv tidsv ' 'ifitj yap sv oQsaiv 
vXtj TQicpOsiaa vtt dv/fACov nohg aviyv dno ravTOfjdrov ttvq 
cploya an avzov dffjxs, 5. lovro ds fitya is qv vau rovg Tllarca- 
sag rdXXa diacpvyoviag sXayJazov Edtqae d(aq)dsiQat' svzog yaq 
TToXXov yooQiov TTJg TZoXsoDg ovK rjv nsXdaai, nv^v^d rs si irrsysvero 
avrtj STrifpoQOv, onsQ yuu i^Xtzi^ov ol havtiof, ovk dv discpvyov. 
6. rvp ds xal rods Xsysrat ^Vf([i7]i>ai; vdojQ s^ ovQavov noXv xai 
^Qovtdg ysvofAb'rag a^saai li]}' cploya xal ovrco nav&rivat rov niv- 

LXXVril. Ol ds UaXoTioprrjaiOL STisid}] xal rovrov dn]fj.aQrov, 
^iSQog ii^v Ti y.ciTa7jn6vTsg lov GTQaTonsdov, \t.o ds Xoinov dcpivtsg^ 
nsQisrsiyit,QV rip' noXiv yvxXcp^ disX6fj.Evoi xard noXsig to ycoQiov ' 
zdcpQog ds ivTog ts i]v xai s'^mdsv i^ rjg snXiv&svaavro. 2. ku) snsidq 
ndv i^sigyaarOj nsQi dQKXovQov snitoXdg, y.(xtaXinov%sg cpvXa^ag 
rov fifxiosog rsiyovg, zo ds 7]ui(jv Boiojioi. scpvXaaaov, dvsy^coQrjaav 
Tcp oTQaicp xai. disXv&qaav yaia noXsig. 3. nXaraifjg ds naldag 
fAsv Kal yvvalxag^ xai rovg TTQsa^vjdrovg ts yai nXfjdog to dyQsTov 
tojp dfdQOJTTOor TiQotSQOV sxxsy.ofAi^iisi'Oi rjaav ig Tag ^Adiqvag^ 
avTol d^ inoXtOQKOVPTO eyiiaTaXsXsifXfA.spoi rsTQayoGioi, 'Ad-rfpalcov 
ds oydoiqyovTa, yvvaiysg ds deya yai sxarov aizonoioL 4. Toaouzoi 
rjaav ol '^v^JinavTsg ote ig tijv TioXwQyJap ya&iarai>TO, yal aXXog 
ovdsig rjV sv to^ rsiyei ovts dovXog ovts sXsvdsQog. ToiavT)] fASP i) 
riXaraiojv TzoXioQyua ya7€6y.svdai)7]. 

LXXIX. Tov d' avTov -dsQovg, yai dfxa ttj Tmv IIXaTaicov 
iTTiaTQaTSia, ^Ad^rivaloi diayilioig onXizaig savroov yal Itttzsvoi 
OiaxoGLOig sarqdTSVGav mi XaXyudsag Tovg in] QQaKtjg yal Box- 
tiaiovg duf^d^ovTOQ rov ahov ' saTgaTriysi ds Se'pocpow 6 EvQinidov 

Hosted by 


LIB. 11. CAP. LXXX. 107 

%^heg avrog. iXd^vvieg d^ vtto ^naQtooXov 7riv BotrixTjy rov 
miov di8q)x}8iQav. edoxei ds 'Aal TZQoa'j^ojQijaeiv ?] noXig vno rirwp 
svdodsv ngaiJGOfTcoy. 2. TTQOonefupdpToof ds ^g '^Olvv&ov toov ov 
tavTcz [iovXoiitPOSp onXTzai re tjX&ov xar aTqa^ia sg cpyXaKt'iv" yg 
irif^tXO-ovayg sk lyg ^naQzooXov ig f^d^^ijv xai^iaravTai ol 'Adij" 
raioi ngog avirj zrj noXu. 3. ol fih onXizai roov XaXyddt'cop 

Kiil BTTlKOVQOi TlfEg ptSZ CtVZaV VlKmi'TiU VnO 7&)V u4d^?]VaL(0Vj }iai 

avuywQovaiv eg Tfjv ^TzaQTooXov ' ol ds iTtTTijg twv XaXmdtw y.ocl 
xpiXol JTAooGi tovg Tcor ^A&TjvaiCyiv mnmg ipiXovg. 4. aiyop 
8s nrag ov TioXXovg TH-Xzaaia-g ix rlqg KQovGidog y7]g 'Au)^.ov^t'vrig, 
aQTi ds 7ijg impjg ysyeprjfxtV^g miPoqOovaiv aXXoi nsXzaaxai ix t-tjg 
'OXvvdov. 5. nal oi ix 77Jg ^^naQirnXov xpiXoi wg aidov^ 'OaQarj- 
aavxeg Totg re nqoayiyvoixivoig xai on tzqoteqov ov^ i)66arTG, 
imTiOtvrai avdig (astcc roov XaXxtdeoav Inmwv kui toop nQoa^oi]- 
Or^advToop zoig 'A&?]paioig' xal apaycagovai nghg tag 8vo laS.eig 
ug yariXiTiop Tragu rmg aysvocpoQoig. 6. xai, ottots fxsp ettioisv oi 
\AQ}]vaioi^ ipsdidoaap, dnoyrnqovai ds ipmeipro aai sa7]x6p7i(^oi\ 
iii 76 iTZTZTJg 7WV XaXyddeonv TZQoamTievovTtg, fi doKOi Tzgoat'^aXXov^ 
Km ovy/riyA67a q)0^ri(jav7eg, sTQSXpap 70vg \4{^riPaiovg, aal i?7tdim- 
'Sav in) noXv. 7, xctt ol fxh 'AOiivaloi ig triv TIo7idaiav ycizaqitV' 
'^'■ovGi, xai vGiBQOv Tovg peygevg vnoonop^ovg nofUGafiEPOiy sg 7ag 
Adqpag apayojQOVGL 7q> 71eqi6p7i 7ov GZQarov' ant^apop ds avzcov 
fgidxovza xai 787Qa'ii6aioi xai at GTQaztjyoi navzeg. ot ds XaXxi- 
dr^g xal ol Boz7i(uoi rqonaiop 7S sazrjaap, xai rovg psxgovg tovg 
avzoop dpsXofispoi 8ieXvOt]<yaf xaza noXsig, 

LXXX. Tov 5' av70v d^sQOvg, ov tioXX^ vG7sgov rovzcop, 
A^nqaxi^rai xa] Xdopsg, ^ovX6[xspoi 'Axagpapiap Tidaap xa7a- 
lyrgsipaa-Oai xai 'A&ijpaiwp dnoazriaai, Ttsidovoi Aaxsdaiuopiovg 
ravzixop zs TTagaaxevdaaod^at ix z^g ^vfAfAayidogy xai hnX'nag 
'Uliovg TTtfjixpai ig ^Axagpapiap^ 7Jyov7sg 07t, rip pavai xcu nsi^qy 
dua fisra aqjWP sXd'w6iPf ddvpdzmv opzmp ^vfi^oi]d^sTp toop uno 
daXdaaiig 'AxaQpdpcop, Qa8LCx)g dp 'Axagpapiap ay^opzsg, xai zijg 
Zaxvp^ov xcii KscpaXXijPiag xQa7i]G0V6if xal 6 nsQinXovg ovxiti 
mono A&i]paLoig ofioiog nsql ThXonopprjaov ' ilnida d' shea 
xal Navnax70P Xa^up. 2. ol ds Aaxsdaiixopioi Tzsiad-sptsg Kpij- 
{(OP pivy vavaQyop hi ovza, xai rovg onJJtag ^Tfi vapatf oXiyatg 

Hosted by 


108 eoTKT/iJ/iOT ^rrrPA^PHS. 

£v\}vg nsfiTTOvaij i^ ds vavrr/.o^ TteqtriyyaiXav naqaa'AEvaaa^svcg co-g 
Taitaia nleXv eg ^evxaSa. 3. 7]6ai> ds KoQiv&ioi ^v[mQo{>v^oviA8' 
rot iioOaGza 70ig \4iAnQtrAi(^raig anoUoig oven, y^oii. ro fisv vavri- 
Kop fx 78 KoQivdov 'Acii JEi'/.vavog xal tcov taviri '/coQiOjy iv naQCi- 
axevrj tp', to d' eK y^evaddog 'Aal ^^paxroQiov xai ''A^nQayaag 
nnoTtoov aq)(y,6^erov Iv AevvAbi nnQii^eve, 4. K'PfjfAog ds >iat o$ 
lax avTOv lilmi onliraiinudq mtqaiddriGav Xa^^ovteg 0OQ{Aicofa^ 
hg Tjoye rmv sf/.oai 'pscov rc^v ArirAmv cu tisqc Navna'ATOv sqiQOv- 
Qovvy iivOvg naQEaKevatovro tip aata yijv arQarsiav. 6. xai avrm 
naQiqaav 'Ellrivmv f^ev \4ixnQaAi&ir(u ^a\ Aevaddioi }iai "Avayiro- 
Qioi, y.a] ovg avrog tjcov yX-ifs yiXioi IlsXoTiorpyGlcov, ^dq^aQOi ds 
Xdoreg yiXioi d^aalX^vroi, oov tiyovrro In iiTjaicp nQoaradia ix 
70V doyiKOv yivovg 0oo7vog >uu N^rAavmo. iarQajsvovto fig fisra 
Xao^'cor, OeaTtooorol d^aailevToi. 6. MoXoaaovg ds yys y,ai 
^Arivtdvag Za^vXivOog, sniiQonog c3^ SdQvnog rov ^aatXsmg^ sn 
naidog oprog, xai UaQavaiovg '^OQoidog ^aaiXevg oov. 'Ogt'drai da 
pXioi, cov s^aaiXsvsv Avrioyog, fitra TlaQavamv ^vvsaTQciTsvovto 
'OQOidw Arnoxov inirotxpavTog. 7. sneinpe ds 'Aal UsQdUyag 
'AQVcpa r^v A&r>vamv yiXiovg MuKidopcaVy ot varsqov rfld^ov. 
8. TOVTop Tcp arQCiiq) mooevsro Ki'Ti^iog, oh TiSQifASivag to ano 
KoQivdov TavriAOv' yai, d(d TJjg Atjyeiag lovieg Aiixvaiav aw^xtjp 
krsiyiGTOv iiioQ&riaav. dcprAvovvial ts sttI ^^tgdrov, noXiv f^syi- 
(7rrjp rl^g ^Axaova'Viag, voi^i^opTsg^ sl TavTTjp TtQcoirjp Xd^oieVj Qadicog 
UP acpiai TaXXa nqoaypq}]r)Siv. 

LXXXI. AxaQvavsg ds, ala&o^ievoi Katd ts yijv ttoXX/jp 
(iiQaTidf ^cT^s^X7]xviaVy sy, ts d^aXdaarjg vavaiv dfxa Tohg noXsuLOvg 
TTciQsao^tvovgy ovts ^vps^o)]d'ovp scpvXaaaov ts ra avrav eyaaTOf, 
TiaQa TS fPoQ^iMPa tns^nov ysXsvovTsg dfjtvvsiv ' 6 ds ddvvczTog scpi] 
shai vavTVAOv iy Koqiv&ov iisXXovrog vatiXsIp Navnayiov ^q/jukiv 
drioXiTisiv. 2. 01 ds TIsXonofvi]Gioi ya). ol ^viA^ayof, TQia rsX?] not- 
ijaavTsg acpmv avzmv, sydqovv nqog ri.v tSv 2JToaTi(x)v noliv, OTioog 
iyyvg (JTQaTonsdsvaaf^S'Pot., si [ir] Xoyip ^si&oisf, sgyco ttsiqwvio tov 
zsiyovg. 3. ya\ fisaov ^h syovisg nooa^saav Xdovsg xal ol aXXoi 
BuQ^agoi; SK ds^idg d' avrmv Asvyddioi ycii 'ApaATOQioi yai ol 
usrd Tovrcov, iv dqiaTSQa ds Kvljfiog yal ol UsXonopvqaioi yai 
AuTTQayimTai ' disixov ds ttqXv an dXXv}.cov ncii 'ianv ozs ovds 

Hosted by 



smQoovTO. 4. Hal ol ii§v Elhjvtg rerajixivoi te nQoai^eaav xal dia 
q)vlax'ijg f/^ovitg, soog laiQaiont^evGavro Iv Init'qdHOj ' ol ds Xdorsg, 
6Cf:i(yi IS avToTg nioTsvovTsgj xai a^iovfis'pot v7zo t&v hAuvr, yTretodi' 
'^cov ^layjiimiazoi thai, ovz Inm^ipv 10 aiQaiOTTsdov xaralapbTi', 
yix}o.J6aTT,%' IS QUfiri fisia too)' allaiv ^aQ^aQcor, SfOfiioav oivio^oei 
UP rip-' TTohv sXhv, aviojv to 'nQyov ysviaOai. 5. yvovitg d' 
ahiovg ol ^tQCixioi sri TiQoaioviag xai rjyrjaa^asvoi, usi^orcx)i.itr(x)p 
^■t y. Q ai i]at I av, ovk av hi oqiiai lovg EXhjrag ofxoioag rrQ0(7eX\}m, 
7i(^'olopl^ovai ra ttsqI ttjv tzoIiv iftdgaig, Kal meidq ijyvg rjaar, 8k 
18 Tijg TTolscog o^ioae icoQtiaavzeg xai ex r^v svsdQmv nQOGniniovGi. 
6. xa! 4' cpc^ov xara6tdv7cov diaqjOeigopTai re 770II0I loov Xao- 
v(xiv, xal ol allot ^aQ^agot mg h8ov aviovg sfdorrag, ovxiii vrit- 
li8ivav, alX ig cpvyljv aaisanjaav. 7. loov Ss 'Elhjpoiojv aiQazo- 
7is8o3v ovdszEQOv ^odeto riijg ^dpjg, dta to nolv TTQoeldtJy amovg 
xal GTQaroTtEdov ou]d'rjvai y.araX'i^ipofiBvovg InelyeodaL 8. Inti 
ds ivtyiSivro cpevyovieg ol ^dg^aQoi, dvelAZfj^^awv ze avzovg vau 
^vrayayorieg rd arQaioTisda ijavxa^ov aviov irjv rifiSQav, eg itTgag 
U8V ovx lovTcov G^HGi T^v ^zQCiiiodv dia TO fA,7]7T(o lovg allovg 
^naQrdvag ^vft^s^oijxyrixbyai, dnodsv ds (jq)8fdovcovrG)v yal eg 
dnoQiav xadiUTdprcov ' ov yag rjv av8v ottIcov yiv}jd'irp>ai. doxovai 
§' ol \AyaQrdv8g ygdriaioi elvai zovro nomv. LXXXII. Insi- 
8)] 88 T^v^ hy'cV8io, dvay^cdoijaag b Kv7]^og zy azQazia xazk zdy^og 
ml zov ''^vanov nozafiov, og dnt^si aiadiovg oy8o7]Kovza 2JzQdzoVy 
zovg Z8 'pS'AQOvg ao^i^szai zri vo-zsQaia vnoGnov8ovg, xai Olna8Sp 
^vf^iraQaysfOfthcov xazd cpiliav dva](^coQeT naq avzovg nqiv ztjv 
iviA^o/]d8iav 8l{}8Tv. KaxsTdev Iri olxov dnrildov eyaazoi. ol 8s 
^TQazioi zQonaiov kazrjaav zljg ftccxV9 '^H'^ TiQog zovg ^ag^agovg 

LXXXIIL To 5' 8K Z7jg KoQiv&ov aal zav dllcov ^vf^iAdy^oop 
7C0V 8K zov KQiGalov yoluov TavzrAOv, 88si naQaysviodai zm 
Ki>}]^op, oncog filj ^vfi^orjdooGiv ol drzo ^alda^rjg dvco ^Axaqvavsg^ 
oh naQayiyvezai, alX yrayxdoO^fj^a'P ttsqI zdg avrag rjfASQag zijg sp 
Uzgdicp f^d][}jg vaviiayr^aai ngog 0OQfito.ipa x'^'i zdg eixoai vavg 
i&p Adqvaioyv at scfQovQOVP iv NavTrdxTCp. 2. ydg fPoQfxian 
Traganlsopzag avzovg «|oo zov xolnov izygsi, ^ovlo^spog sv zy ev 
QV](^(OQi(z midsa&ai. 3. ol 8s Koqip-dioi xat ol ^vfii^axoi sttIso^ 
U8V ovx cog Inl vaviiailav^ dlld (jzQaziconKcorsQOp TzaQEGKSvaafis- 

Hosted by 


tlO eOTKTzll/WT ZTrrPA(liH2\ 

fot eg riji^ ^Ayiaqvaviav^ xat ov>i av oiofievoL Tzgog mxa 'Aal rmaa 
Qaxopia -rav^' tag aqieztQag TolfiJjGcu zovg ^Adqvaiovg UKoai taig 
iavTmP favfia/Jap- notqGaa&at ' erzaidq fAtPZOi avTinaQanlJovrdg 
IS 803Q0QV avTQvg, TiaQa yrfp <jq)^p xofAi^ofisrcoVf Kal iy. UatQoov ziig 
'Aiatug rrQog rr/^ avrintqag ij77£iqov dta^allovrmv inl 'AKCiQva- 
pcag, 'AaTHoof rovg ^Ad^rivaiovg ano trig XaX^ildog ual lov Evijrov 
noiaiiov nQoanliovrug (Jcpiai, 'Aai ovk D.uOop rvxtog icpoQuiGaiAb- 
vol, ovrco d)] avayKd'C,ovrai t'cwfAa^/^Eiv Kara ^saov tov noqOiAor. 
^>. GTQaTijyoi ds ijaav (asv Kai vAiia noXug sKaGz-cor oi naQtGy.tvd 
tovTO, KoQtvdmv ds Ma^do3v Hat 'iGoxQanjg yah 'Aya&aoyjdag, 
5. xai ol fAsv risloTTO'Pr^Gioi hd^avzo Kv>iloi> tcov ^'Soov cog [AtyiGiov 
(iioi z ijGuv (x\j didopzag 8l8K7t).ovv, zag TZQOjQag fitv I|a3, tiGG) ds 
lug TTQvpivag, yuu zd re Xenza nXoTa k ^vvetzXh ivzhg noiovvzca yai 
Tfirze fcivg tag agiGza TrXsovGag, oncag rAnlsoisv Std ^Qa^^og na- 
ijuyiyvofjievoi, el nrj nQOGniTzioiEv ol Ivavzioi. LXXXIY. ol 6'' 
Adrjfatoi y.atd fuav vavv zttayfispoi TitQit/ilsov avrovg yivyJ.cp yal 
h)v7iyoif ig oltyor, iv ^gm dti naoanXiovzBg yai doyrjaiv TraQbjorttg 
avzixa ifA^aleiV TiQoeiQijto 8^ ahzoTg vnc Qioq^iion'og ^th^eiqhp 
fXQiv av avzbg GtjiATjvri. 2. 7]lnit8 yao avz&p ov iuvhp z7]v td^tp, 
OJGTZW ir yfi ntQiiv, alia ^vfiTztGeiGOai TZQog dll/jlag tag ravg xal 
7 a TzXoia zaQay^riv Tzagtisiv, si t sxnpBVGai en tov y.olnov to nvsvixa, 
ontQ dpa^ASPcop re tisqihixIu y.a). eicoOsi yiyrsGdai btti trfp eco, ovdha 
YQorov l]Gvy^d,Gi:iP avrovg ' tt]P ?771^8iq)]giv sqj savta) zs evo^iQsv 
8ivatf oTzozav ^ovljjzai, z^v pswv a^sivop nleovacTiv, xai rozs nalli- 
Gzijp yiypsG&ai. 3. cog ds to ts npsvixa yarrjti yal at 'p7]sg st> oliym 
ijd}] ovGat vn dpicpozsQcof, tov ts avs^ov tcov ts nloicov, a^a ttqog- 
asif^spcov staQadGovio, vavg ts vqi nQOGtnints yai toTg Aoptoig 
hcodovpzo, ^orj ts ^gcofisvoi yuu TiQog allrp^ovg dpiicpvlayfj ts yai 
loidoQia, ovdsv yatt]Kovov ovrs tcop naQayysXloi^ih'cop, ovzs tmv 
KslsvGtmv, xai tag xmizag dSvvatoi opzeg 8r yJ^vdcoviqi draq)8Q6tp 
mdQCOTioi linsiQoi, toig Kv^SQp/jtaig dnsiOsGt^Qag tag -pavg Tiagu- 
'^oVy tots d'l] xatd tov y.aiQOv toviov Gr/fialref, yau ol AOtpaioi 
TiQOGnsGOPzsg TTQcotor jusv y,atadvov(Ji tcov GTQatrjyidcov vsmv fAtav^ 
msita ds ^a) naGag y ^cogriGsiap discfOsigop^ xazsG77jGav eg 
ihAijv ixsp piridiva tQ^nsGdai avtcdP vno tr>g zaQayJjg, q:svysiv 5' ig 
Tldtqag xal Avpifjv t^g 'Ay^aiag. 4. ol ds \4d^ijvaioi ^azadicot^av- 

Hosted by 



c£-^ vavg dcodsna la^ovreg tovitJ ts ardQag i§ avrcot tovg Tilet* 
aiovg avtlofAt'voi ig MoIv'aqhov anin7.tov, xal tQOJiatop atiiaavreg 
^7u Tfp 'Pug xal 'Viivv avadmsg tcZ UoasidcZpt ai'E'^MQT^oav 4' 
Navna-Atov. 5. naQtnl.evaav 8s xat ol ThXonovvfiaioi EvOvg Tali 
neoiXoinoig rwv rtoop Ik -i7jg /Iv^i/jg xai Uuiqcov eg KvXXr/pr/v to 
'Hhimv InivHOv ' y.(U ano ^evxddog Kftjfiog al SKtiOsv vri^g^ 
ag i'dti ravTcug ^vufAi^afj acpiKvovvzai iaetcc Tqv iv ^JrQdrcp ftccpjp 
fV 77]v Kvlhjvqv. 

LXXXy. riefA,rTOiGi ds ol ^ayiedatfiovioi tog Kpi]fiGp tvfj.' 
Sovlovg STit rag vavg Tiiio'AQdrr]v }{al BQaaidav xai y^vxocpQova, 
KslEvovTEg aU.rjv favfia^iav (^eXjlco naQaGxevd^Eodca xal [at] im 
oltycav vEcov EiQyEG&ai jrjg d^aXdaoi]g. 2. edoyiti ykq aviotg, dXXcog 
7E xa\ nQ&Tov fav^ay^iag UEiQaaa^Evoig TioXvg o ftaQdXoyog slvai, 
aal oh TOOovTCp (^ovio aqmv to vavTixov XEinEod'ai, yEjEviqadai ds 
lira iiaXayJav, aim dmridsvTEg rrjv ^A&Tjvaiayv sk noXXov ^}X7IEi- 
qlav il'ig aqjEiEQag di,' oXlyov ftEXhtjg. OQyfi ovv dnEGXEXXov. 3. ol 
ds dcpiKOf^iEioi fiEid Kv/jfiov vavg rs TTEQiTJyysXXov xaza noXsig xal 
7-ag 7TQov7TaQ)[OV(jag e'^^qtvovto ojg ettl 'vavfta^iar. 4. TTtfAnsi ds 
yal (DoQfimv eg tag A&riva.g fqv ts naqaaKEvriv avtmv dyyE- 
Xovviag, tteqi. tl]g ravfia^iag i^v Iviyiijaav cpQaaoviag, y.a\ ys- 
Xsvixiv aviw pavg on nXsiGtag dia td^ovg dnoatEiXai, chg xaO' 
I'llibQav sxdatijv iXnidog ovarig dti paviA,a][i]6Etv. 5. ol ds dnonsiX' 
novGiv slxoai vavg amm, toj 8s youl^ovn avrdg nQoaEnsatEiXav sg 
Kqritriv nomiov dcpr/Jadat. Nr/Jag yao KQTjg PoQtvvtog, nQo^svog 
cor, TTEidsi avtovg etzi Kvdcoriav nXsvoai^ qjdaycov nQoanoif.oEiv 
mtJjv, ovaav noXsixtav' STZTJys 8s TJ.oXiy(Vizaig laqit^ouEvog^ oi^oqaig 
^ T(Dv Kv8conatmv. 6. xat. 6 ^isv Xa^cor tag vavg Syjto ig Kq)]77]i', 
Ka] fiETCC tcov UoXr/viimv sdrjov trjv yqv roov Kvdwviatcov, xa} vnh 
dvEfxoov xai vno anXoiag 8p8istQtipEP ovx oXiyov yoorov. 

LXXXYI. Ol 8' iv ti] KvXXip'xi TlEXonowriawi, iv tovzcp h 
01 ol 'Ad^rivaToi ttsqi Kgfitfjv xoLTsiiovto^ naQEGHEvaafAsvoi cog iril 
ravfiaxiaVf TiaQSTtXsvaav eg IldvOQ^ov tov Aya'ixov^ ovtzeq avtocg 
xata yrjv atgatog tmv TlEXo7TOvn]6i(X)v 7TQoa^E^o'i]d-t]yEL 2. na- 
1)E7tIevc)6 8s xal 6 fPoQuiosv em to 'Piov to MoXvxqikov, xal coQui- 
■jato E^&y avtov vavatv £iyo6iv, aUmsQ xai ivavfidy^rice^, 3. -^v dl 
fovto i-isv to ^Pinv cplXiov toTg Adijvaioig, to 8' etSQOv 'Piov L-yni 

Hosted by 


112 eoTKT/iiziOT >^TrrPA(i^ii2\ 

avrimqag to Iv ry JJtlonovvriGC^ ' dif/^STOv ds kii alXr^Xcov ata^ 
diovg fAaXixjTa STrra tijg daXaaarig, rov ds KQiaalov xoXtiov azoiia. 
rovjo lariv. 4. snt ovv %m Ptcp T(p '^f/^cuxw ot JJ^Xonovvriaioi, 
km^iovxi Qv fioXv 70V TJafOQfioVy Iv op aviQig 6 net,hg 'ijVj wqi^ii- 
■javTO xai. (ivioi ravarr snra yau S'^oo^hKOfraf 8ri8(dt] xai rovg 
'AOijfalovg udov. 5. y.ul em [asv IJ rj mi:a tjfAegag av&aQaovv 
dXh'jloig fAbXETwvttg re yuxi TraQaaxeva^oaevoi Tifp vaviiaiiav, yv(i- 
fiTiv s^ovreg ol ^8v* iiij ixTzXeiv g^co tmv 'Pio3v ig ttjv svQvy^ojQtav, 
cpo^ov^ei'Of. JO TtQOTEQOV Tzddog, oi ds /^// lanXslv ig la arsvdy vo^i- 
^ovzsg TTQog ^aslvcov shai ttjv iv oXiyq) vavfiapav. 6. sneiia 6 
KrJjfAog HOI 6 Bgaoidag y.a\ ol aXXoi t^v TIsXonovvriGio^v otqcu)]' 
yoi, ^ovXofASvoi ir ta^isi t:i]v vaviiayiav 7Z0i'i]aai^ ttqip ti xai ant 
im> 'Adrifaicxiv mi^orid^riaai, ^vv6xd7,8Gap rovg arQaridiag tiqqo- 
TOV) xai, oQmvrsg avrmv lovg noXXovg did Trjv TTQOisoav t^aaav 
(fo^lovfAhovg, Kizl ov nQO&v^ovg ovrag, nagsxeXsmavTO y,ai sXs^av 

LXXXVil. 'H fisv ysvoiASVTj ravf.iayja, c6 di'dQsg ThXoTZOVvri' 
aioiy SI Tig aQCi di avrr^v i'fxcov q)0^si7aL rtjv iisXXovaar, ovii dc- 
xaiav sj(si, Tsxptagaiv to ixcpo^r^^ai. 2. ti] ts yaQ naqaa^Evri irdsyg 
syivsTO, mansQ lots, xai, ov](^i eg rav^apav fidXXov ij sni (sxqaisidv 
enXsofisV '^vve^i] ds xat id duo rJ^g 'i^Xf]g ov'a oXlya svavJia&rivai* 
y,ai Ttov ri yai rj dnsiQia tiq^tov vaviiay^ovvrag sacfijXsv, 3. coazs 
ov Kard -rriv ri^srsQav yayJav to IjGGrja&cu 77Q06syivsT0, ovds di- 
yaiov Trjg yvc^^iijg lo fA,)] xara y^qdrog Tixrjder, t^ov ds rira ev avicp 
dvriXoylav, TJ^g ^vftcpogag i^ dno^dvTi di^i^Xmsa-Oai, rofiiaai ds 
Tcug ftsy Tvyjzig evdeysad'cu aqsdXXsod'ai rovg dvdQmnovg^ Tcug ds 
yvcifuug rovg avrovg dst dvdQslovg OQOcog ttrai, yat /i// dnsioiav 
70V dvdQSiov TiaQOVTog TTQO^aXXofiS} vg sixoTcog dv ev titl yayovg 
ysreaOat. 4. v^jl^v ds ovd^ ij dnsiQia tojovtov Xsinsiai oaov ToXftrj 
nQoeisTs' T&i'ds ds fj eTTiatTJfXi], tjv f^idXioza qjo^elads, dvdQSiav 
Hsv ey^ovaa yal fiv/j^rjv e^si ev tm dsivm STnrsXsTv a 'inadsv, dvsv 
ds svipv'/Jag ovdsfiia Tsyvij nqog rovg yivdv-povg layvsi. qjo^og ydq 
fi}'/jf.i}]v eynXriaasi, Tsyvri ds dvev dXxrig ovS^v wcpeXsL 5. 7iQog (isv 
oiv 70 sfiTTSiQorsQOv avzmv to ToXfnjgoTSQOV drmd^ocaOe, nqog da 
to did TTi'p rjaaav dsdiivai to dnaqdaxsvoi tots TvysTf. 6, Trsqi- 
riyfSTai ds ifiiv nXnd^og te vem' xal Trqog ttj yri, oIksloc ovm]^ onli 

Hosted by 




T^v TzaQovTcop ravfA,a'j^th ' Ta ds noXla tav ttIslovoov xai a^urov 
nUQ^ay.bvaafievojv 7 xQcitog io'tlv. 7. ojars ovds Kad^ tv svqlcjkO' 
finv tiKO a cos" civ ijfiag aqjalXofisiovg' >iai. ooa rifidoTOfiev ngoregov^ 
rvv aina ravici 7rQoayEVQ(Jim'a didaoyioklav nciQt^ei, H. daQGOvr- 
Ttg ovv 'AU{ xv^SQi>7jT(u Kai vavxai to nad^ savzor exaajog taeaOs, 
icooav nq nQolalnovieg ij civ rig nQoaray^dri. 9. imv di 7TQ6ii:()ov 
fiybiAorcop ov ibIqov t^v ini'^eiQriOLV Tj^Big TraQaaxsvaGofitv, xal ova 
evdoj(70fiep TTQOcpaaiv oidspl 'AaK(p yevtaOai ' TiV db 2ig aoa yuil ^ov- 
7^1] Orj, yolaadrjaErai rfi TiQETZovar} ^r]^ia, oi ds dyaOol TiiA/jaovTiu 
70ig fTQoafiKovaiv dOloig tJjg aQSirig. 

LXXXVIil. Toiauzai fih zoig IltilonovfqGioig oi d())[orTEg 
TtitQeKsltvoavTO. 6 8s 0oQfAiO3v, dtSioog xal avzog iijv r&v a^oa- 
rimi&v OQ^cadiai', y,ai alod'Oixsfog on to TilrjOog Tap r^oSv, xaza 
acpdg avTOvg ^vviardfisvoi. Bcpo^ovpTO, e^ovlsro ^vyxalhag daQOv- 
fUi TS xai TzciQaivsaiv Iv Tcp naQOpri- noirniaadai. 2. tiqotsqov 
[isv yciQ ati avToig sleys^ xai. 7tQ07raQ86K8va^e Tag yvojfAag, cog ov- 
Ssp avTcng TrXTjOog rsay t06outop, iiv Eninlsij, o,t« ovi VTTOfASvsTSOP 
avToTg ^ati ' xal ol arQazicorai sx noXXov sv acpiaiv avTOtg t^v 
dticoaip Tavxqv tuJjcpsaav ixrfitva oyXop, ^AdrfPcuoi orisg, Uslonov- 
r/]6icx}p vbcop v7io)[0JQH'p. 3. TOTS ds 77QOg T^V TiaQovaciv oiptp bqodp 
avzovg ddvixovviag e^ovXsio vnofir/jcnv Ttoiijcjaadai tov daQCFtir, 
yuu ^vyxaXtaag rovg \40rivaiovg tXs^t Toidds. 

LXXXIX. '0()m> v^idg, 06 dpdgsg aTQCCTiojiai, Tzscpo^r^fASvovg 
■TO TiXliOog Tmv IvctPTics^p ^vpSKaXsaci, ovx a^ioov Ta [ajj dsira ev oq- 
()0j8ia SIS IP . 2. ovroi ydq, tiq^tov iisv 8ia to 7Toops'PLyJ]adai., xac 
fiijds avroi oisaOai ofioloi ij^uiv slvai, to nXTjdog toqv rsojy, yen ova 
djio Tol' '(60V, nciQsaysvcmavTo ' STisira cp fiaXiOTa 7ii6TsvopTsg 
TiQocjsQiopTai^ chg TrQOGriv.OP acpi6iP ccpd^sioig slvai, oh dt' aXXo ti 
duQOOVGiv 7) did TrjP ev to) 7rt^c7j b^ntioiav th nXsico yaToqdovvTsg^ 
vji] ouypTUi acfiOL xa] tp rm rc/.vnxcp no{i]aEiV to avio. 3. to 8' ix 
TOV 8ixaiov ijiur pidXXop rvv nsQisoTai, t'lnso xcu Tovioig sv sksivco, 
¥nH shvpviici ys ov8sv nQOCptQOvaiyTCp 86 ixcirSQOi ti s^insfQOtsoQi 
thai '&QaovTSQOi safASP. .4. Aaxsdaiiiovtoi ts, fiyov^isroi ic^p ^vfi- 
ixd'^ojp, 8id TTjv acpSTSQav doh^-p dxopzag 7TQ06ayovoi Tovg -jioXXovg 
ig TOP xip8vvov, msl ovx dv ttote sjisysiotjaap '^'jariOtvisg na^'t 
noXv avOig vav^aisTv, 5. //// 8)j amm' riiv toXiaccv dslaqit. 770A1/ 

Hosted by 


114 ooTKTJiJOT ZTrrPAams. 

TjQOvtrr/jj'Atvai xai ok ovk av riyovviai, fA?] f^tXlovrdg ti aS,iov tov 
Tiaoa nolv nQaS^mv^ drdiaiaGdai vfi:u,\ 6. dvrinaXoi ^8V ykq ol 
Tjlttovg, ojcyntQ ovro(, rij bvvdiASi to n7Jov nlavvoL tj tT] yvcofirj insQ- 
yj)vz(a' oi d' ^k rrolXq) vnodssartQOoVj xai. afta ovk dvayxaCofisroi, 
fitya 11. iJjg diavotag to ^t^aiov sy^ovTsg dvtizolfAODdtv. a loyi^o- 
jAtvoi oh 1 01 Tix) OVK tiKOti n)Jov 7isq)6^f]VTa(. r^iag rj ry Kara Xoyov 
naqa<3Kiiv\. 7. nolla 8s Kal ajQajoneda i^drj eneaev vrz iXaaao- 
fcov TYj dneiQia. 'iari ds a Kai, ttj drol^ia ' wv ovSstsqov ri^ug vvv 
lASi^yofiEv. 8. 70V ds dyoji'a ovk Iv 703 koXtxco skoj'P eivat 7i0ii](F0fia(j 
ovds eGTiXsvoofAai. sg avrov. oqco ydg on TiQog noXXag ravi" avs- 
niazriiAOvag oXlyaig vavalv Efi7i£iQoig xal afJ,tivov nXtovGaig tj .Trs- 
roy^co{)ta ov ^VfiCptQei.. ovre yaQ av STTijiXevasie Tig cog yq]] Ig SfA^o- 

XljV fl)] SyCOV TTiV nQOGOlpl'V 7C0V 7Z0X8f.il03V BK TToXXov^ 0V78 dv 0.710)^00- 

(jj](jeiev fV di-oPTi 77 isLOfiei'og ' dtrKuXoi 78 ovk uaiv ovds araarQO- 
q)(u, an£Q rsojv dfisirov nXtovac^r ^Qya c67iv, dXX aA'avKij av su] 7rjv 
ravfAaytav TTSi^OfiayJav xadiGvaaOai^ xat ev Tovrcp at riXtiovg vrjeg 
KQSiaaovg yiyvoviai. y. tovtojv fisr ovv sjcd e^co 7tiv TTQOvoiav Kara 
70 dvrarov v{.(8ig ds tvTaK70i Tiaqa 7aig vavdi {Asvovzsg 7a 78 na- 
(iayytXlofitra o^t'ojg drytaOs, alXcog 78 Kai di. oXtynv 7ljg IcpoQiitj- 
atojg ot'f)?/w, >iai h> joj soyco Koafiov Kai ai.yqv 718qi. nXelaiov riynaOSj 
sg 78 7a TioXld 7(X)v TioXefAiKoov ^vfxq)s'Q8i Kai ravfiayi'a ovy 7]yj(jia^ 
dfivvatiOs ds Tovods dh'cog tc^v TTQOsiQyaafisvcov. 10. 6 ds dycfjv 
fityag v^uv, /) KazaXvaai. UsXonovvTiGixov 7yv sXnlda 70v vavriKOv^ 
V syyvTSQCK) xaraai'ijijai 'Adtp'aioig tov qio^ov ttsqi Ttjg OaXd(S(jr]g, 
11. dvafuiii'}]6Kco d av vfidg 07i v8'viK7]Ka78 av7cov xovg TioXXovg. 
i]a6iifisvojv ds drdgcov ovk f&sXovuip ai yvcof.iai TiQog Tovg avxovg 
Kivdvvovg ofioiai, slvau 

XC. Toiavza ds Kal 6 QioQiumv naQSKsJ.svsro. ol ds IJsXo- 
Tiovvi'iGioi^ snsidij avToTg 01 AOiivaloi ovk snsnXsov sg tov koXttov 
Kal 7d OTSvd, [^ovXofJsvoi dy.ovrag fcrco nQoayaysiv ainovg, dvayo- 
(AS'VOi dpta 801 snXsov, sm TsaadQwv Taidiisvoi 7dg vavg, sji.i 7iiv sav- 
"^av yHjv 8003 snl tov KoXnov^ ds^iw ksqk r]yoviASvqi, wansQ Kai coq- 
^ovp' 2e im d' avTOj sikogi haiav 7dg a^ioTa TiXsovoag, onojg si 
S,Qa fOfiwag sttI Ttyv NavnaKTOv aviovg ttXsiv 6 (I-^OQiiicnv Kai avzog 
Im^oTjd&v ravTy naqaTiXioi, 'Aij diacpvyoisv nXsovxa tov sninXovf 

Hosted by 


LIB. 11. CAP. XCI. XCIL 115 

cqjcov 01 '^-OrjraToi Soo tov savicov 'AtQcog, alX avrcu ai rljeg n% 

QrAhJG£iaV. 3. 6' dt, OTTiQ rAtWOl 7TQ068dr/^OVlO CpO^ijdeig TltQl. KX} 

XCOQUff eQ/jftcp ovxi cog ecoga avayonti^ovg oivTovg, cIkcov xai >iaTCC 
anov8}i}' [^f^^i^daag i'yiXsi. naqa TqvyliV xai o nti^og afiarcov Mta- 
(jiivlodv TiaQt^ofidet. 4. idofieg ds ol ThloiJOvvfiGioi xaia fif.av 
£771. >it()03g nuQan)Jovjag r^dti ovrag Eviog jov hoXtiov ts xai 
TiQog jfj yiiy ontQ i:^ovXovTO {xaXiaza, ano atj^uttov 8vog acpjco Itti- 
OTQt^avzsg Tag vavg ^azconqdov sttXsqv cog 8i)(^8 idiovg t'Aaarog Inl 
Tovg ^Ad^rjvalovg, yuu riXnit,ov nciaag rag vavg dTToXi^ipsaO-ai. 
5. Tojv 8s hdsKa iasp iutzeq yyovpro VTisxqievyovai to xbQag tmf 
JJtXonovvtjGicov Tijv ETTicjiQOcprjv eg ttjp EVQvy^ooQiap . -rag ds 
aXXag enixaTaXa^ovreg i^scoGciv ts TiQog t}]v yljv vnocpEvyovaag xal 
biscfj&siQav, di'dgag ts twv ^A&tjvaioov dnsxrsivav ogoi ^tj i^trev- 
oav aviojv. 6. xal tc^v t'soov Tivag dvadovixsvoi siXxov xsvdg, ulviv 
ds avzoig drdgoiaiv siXov ' Tag 8i Tivag ol Msaayvtof, naQa^oijdi]- 
(jat'Tsg, Kai snsG^airopzsg tvv loig OTiXoig sg t7]v daXaaoav xai 
Ini^avTsg^ dno tojv 'Aarao'TQcoiAarcov f-iayof^iSTOL acpsiXovio sXxofxt- 
vag Tid)], XCI. Tavrrj fisv olv ol nsXonovvijoiOi ixQajovv ts xal 
bcpdsiQav Tag ' i-avg ' al ds sixoai rJjsg avimv al dno tov 
dshov xsQCog idiojxop Tag ivdtxa I'avg tc^p 'A{)/]vaicoi', amsQ vns^- 
scpvyov Tfjv snioTQOCp^ijv sg tt^v svQV](^cx)Qiar. xai. qiOurovoiv ahzovg 
nXiiv fudg Tscog^ TiQOxaTacpvyovacu sg Tqv Navnavaov^ xal i/yiovaai 
dvTi.TiQCxjQOi xcad TO 'AttoIXcoplov naQsa-ASvd^ovzo dfivpovusroi, 
rfV sg T7jp y7]v snl oqidg nXswaiP. 2. ol ds TiaQayspofisroi voTSQor, 
inaiojvi^ov ts a^xa nXsovTsg, cog vsvixri'AOTsg, xai tsjv fnav paw tcov 
' A&t]paio3P Tijv vTToXomop sdlcoAS Asvxadia pavg fiia noXv ttqo rcov 
aXXcop. 3. STV]^s ds bXxag oQHOvaa {ASiscoQog, tisqi i]v // Aztiki] 
pavg cpOdaaaa Trj Asvxadia dtcoxovari sfj-^ciXXsi iasgi] xac xaTadvsi. 
4. Toig fASP ovp UsXonopprjGLOtg ysvojASPOv tovzov d^iQoodoxrizov ts 
xa} naQci Xoyop cpo^og SfiniJZTSt ' xai. afxa azaxicog dicoxorzsg dia 
TO xQazsiP, al f,isp Tivsg zcxyv vscov xaOslaai rag xcojtag snsGzriaap 
TOV nXov, divfiCpoQOV dQooi'Zsg nQog tIjp s^ oXiyov dpzs'^OQuqaiPj 
^oyXofiaiOf. zdg nXsiovg nsQiiAsu'ai, al ds xai. sg ^(ja^sa a'/istoia 
ycooicov (SxsiXar. XCIL jovg d' ' -4 n niaiovg Idovzag zavza yt- 
ypofispa ddQGog ts sXa^s, xaicuzo sro^- xsXsvafiazog Sft^oriGciPTsg 
irz avTovg coQuriaav. ol ds, did Ta vizaQy^ovTa diiaqzijuaza xai tyip 

Hosted by 


116 eoTKT/ii/Jor ^rrrPAfTui^, 

naqovaav axa^lav, o).iyov fisv iqovov VTisfieivav, sneiTa 8s izQa- 
Tioi'to fV i^ov ndvOQfiOv, oOsPTtSQ wpTiyayovTO. 2. snidKoxovieg 88 
01 '^Oij'i'aioi, 7C/X TS pyyvg ovaag adXiara favg sXa^ov ft, xal rag 
iavraii' aq}eilov70, ag rAaivoi nQog rri yrj 8iacpdei()arTtg to ttqcZtov 
d'Pe8)]r)avzo' avSgagTS rovg fisv anBKrtivaVj rtvag 86 s(^coyQi]6ai\ 

3. em. 8s iijg Aev>ia8lag ptcog, 7] nsoi Tijv oXxdSa yjxrs8v, Tcfioxgd- 
zr^g 6 A(VAs8aijjL6viog ttIscov, ag rj vavg 8i&cp-&eiQS70^ sccpa^sv savxov iisTTSGsv eg rov A^avnaxricov h^sva. 4. di>aycoQ/]6a'ptsg 8s ol 
^driToioi TQonaiov S6r7](jav oOev avayoiisvoi s^Qajfjaap, vmj rovg 
TSAQOvg xai %GL vavdyia ooa TiQog iri savjav ip> avsiXoviOy yai toig 
ivaviLOig xk sy.sivoav vn6(jnov8a dns8o6av. 5. s6T7j6av 8s ol 
IIsXo7zorr}]6ioi TQonalov (hg vsviAiiKOtsg, iijg TQomjg, ag nQog ry yrj 
ravg 8ii(pdsioav' yuxi ijvttsq tXa^ov j'avv, dvs&saay sni to 'Plop to 
' Aiai'yop Ttaqd to iQonaTop, 6. (Asra 8s ravra, qjo^ovfisvo! 7-riv 
aTTO rm> ^^Orivaioop ^ori&siap, vno vvyaa sasnXsvaap eg top yoXnov 
KQiaaiop y.a\ KoqipOov nd.vjsg nXrfP y:isvxa8ioop. 7 . yac ol sy tJjg 
KQi]77]g ' AdrivaToi TaTg erAoai vavGtr, alg 88si tioo Trjg vavna-^iag 
Tw (pOQi^tlxopt naQaysvtaOaiy oh no7.1(7i vaiSQOv Tljg dpay^03()7j6Scog 
7 OOP i'scop dQpiyvovp7ai eg rlfp Nainayrop. yai. ro d^sQog STsXsvTa. 

XCIII. n(j]v 8s8(aXv6at. zo eg KoqipOov ts yal 70v KQiaalnr 
'AoXnop draycoQijaap ravTiKOv, 6 Kvtj^og yai o Boaai8ag yai at 
ciXXoi aQ^opisg tojv IIsXoTTOPvtjaicxiv, aQyofitvov 70v ysi^mvog^ 
e^ovXovTO 8i8a^dp703P Msyaoewp dnorisiQCcaai 70v JJsiQamg rou 
XifAtPog 7(op ^A[\))/vaicop. r^v 8s dq>vXayrog you ayXfjarog slxoiaig, 
8ia TO sTTiyQarsip tioXv to) vavnyw. 2. i86yEi 8s Xa^ovTa r^v vav 
7mv sxaarop 7i]V yojTTr^v yai to v777]Q86iop yai top iQOTicoTr/Qa TTS^rj 
isvai iy KoqlpOov em 77'fP nqog ^^7jvag d^aXaoaav^ yai acpiyo^s- 
povg yard rdyog eg Msyaga, yadsXymavzag ix Nioaiag tov vsro- 
Qiov ai'T^v 7saaaodyopTa vavg, ai hvyov avTodi ovaai, nXsvaai 
Evdvg em tov UtiQaid ' 3. ovts yaQ vavnyov ifP ^QoqivXdaaop sp 
avTcp oi>8ep, 0V7B nQoa8oyia ovSs^Ja (at] kv ttots ol noXsiuoi i^a- 
nii'aiwg ovTOjg smnXsvasiav^ btjel ov8' ano rov noocpapovg Tolfir/- 
oai dp yad- ]]avyiap, ov8s si 8i8poovpto, fA7] ovy av fiQoaiGdeo-Oat. 

4. d)g 8s e8o^6r aviotg, yal iy^cooovp svOvg' yai drfixofisvoi rvKTog 
yal yaOtXxvaavTeg iy 77]g Niaaiag ?/cc ravg enXeop em itsp top 
TIsiQaid ovylzi, ciansQ 8m>oovPTO, yaTa8siaav7eg 7ov yiv8vpQy, 

Hosted by 



7/,^" Hal aps[4rOg Isyatfu avrovg xoolvaai, sni ds -rUji; ^ala/jirog 70 
rvAQCxiiriQiov TO TZQog MsyaQcc OQOQV ' y,cu cpQOVQiQV In avzov yjv 
Koi. 'vsmv 7Qimv CfvlaKi] tgv pirj ianluv MsyagevGi U7]d' txnluv 
li}]8tv. 7(7? 7S cpQOVQLqi Tzooaspalov hoi zay roi^QSig dcpulhAvaav 
Htrdg, Ti'iv 18 aXhjv 2^alc/.fAiva anQOo8o'A7]roig ^nintaovzeg sttoq- 
i}()vr. XCIV. 4' 8s Tag ^ ^id-rjiag cpQVHZol rs fiQOVTO Tioli-'fuor, 
yja l-'AnXijhg ^ytpsro oi'dsfuag roov xara thv TTolsfiov iXdaooov. 
Oi lih' yuQ 8v Tcp ccGTBi 4' TO'P UsiQaid SovTo Tovg nolsiAiovg lanE- 
7zln)yJvai tjdri, ol d" iv im IJiUQatu Trjv ts 2ala{Aiva riQijaOai 
ItoiAt'C^ov yai naoa uqiag oaov ovk eanlelv avrovg' ottsq av, ti 
p^^ovlfjOtjcfav fu] yaroyvrjaai, Qadicog av syspsto^ xai ovk dv avejiog 
ixwXvae. 2. ^orjd't'iGavrsg ds au tjfi^Qa navdrifAti ol ' ^d ijiaToi 4 
Tov Ui-iQaid vavg ts xa\}aXxov xai ia^di^Tsg v^azd 6n:ovd^]v yal 
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nstq) de cfvXaxdg tov ThiQamg KaOicyravto, 3. ol 8s llslonovvij- 
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Xijtib'vojv 76 yXr^au rri aXhj iTiifAeXsfa. 

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t]]v expo8or enoieTro, xai top ts (IhHttttov vlhv ^^^ivvrap o^g em. 
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Hosted by 


118 eoTKT/iiziOT srrrPAdui^, 

brvy^ov TzaqovTsg tovimv evexa, xai rjytfxova Ayv(ova ' sdsi yag xcci 
zovg 'Adrifaiovgvaval ts (jiQaTia coy nlsiatri mi lovg XaX- 
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novTov -aai tov 'Ellrianovtov^ eTzeira tovg VTieQ^dvzi Aliiop Fstag, 
xal 0(7a dlXa ^eot] i'pzog rov 'larQOv noiaixov nqog ■&aXaaaav 
fidlXov triv 70V Ev^sivov tzoptov xarqrxrjro ' elai 5' ol Fezai aai 
01 lavti], oiJLOQoi 7S roig ^xvd-aig ofioaxsvoiy Tiavrtg Itttzoto^o- 
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TOPOfAoop Kal {Aa)(^aiQoq^^6QG)P, o? Atoi xaXovvTai, lyp 'Podonrip oi 
77X816701 oiKOVPTsg* xai 7ovg IA8P [ziad'qi stzslO'sp, 01 d' i&sXopzai 
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dXXa oaa sd^vij Ilaioviv.a oop yiq^e ' ^ai sa^^atoi Trig dgyjig ov70i 
ij^acip (xky^qi Poaalcop Ilaiopaip aai 70V 27QV}AOPog nozaiiov, og 8k 
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8' ovToi 77Qog ^OQSap rov 2^xo^iov oQovg xat naQrixovainQog ijXiov 
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dXla aai roig TtaQadwaarevovoi ts y.a} yewaioig ^Odgvacor, 4. 
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ovdiv fir] didopza dcoga. 5. ooars sm fAtya rjlOsv ij ^aailtia icy^vog. 
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f7J0{]](JCi70 7FflC0P Jl^V vlqv, OTi" //7 ? TlaloVCig 867()d7£V6£. 2, 7 

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ucozaroi. fxsp rjcjuv ol sk 7rjg 'Podonrjg av70'pofioi y.aia^d.i>zsg, 6 ds 
dllog ofiilog ^vfAfirATog Trl^&st q;o^SQOJza7og rcAolovOti. XCIX. 
ivp7]OQOL^oP70 ovv sv 77] /lo^i^QO) xcii fiaQt(JASvdtop7 , oTiaig xazd 
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120 eOTKTzlI/lOT ATrrPAfl>H2. 

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-daXdaarig SATiiaavro, acu n^oav ^ Ahov fttjQi. ^TQVfwvog 7t]v Mvy- 
dovlav KaXovf.i8vr]v Hdmvag s^elaaarr^g vtnovrai. 5. dv^Gtriaav 
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ol Maxedovsg ovioi, a xui vvv hi s)[ovai, rov rs 'Avds{AOvvta xal 
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avTOJV 7]v 078 ^(zaXAVig snrisi. 

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LIB. 11. CAP. CI. CIl. 121 

zedojQa'AiGfihovg, vno ds Tilrid^ovg TreQiHlyof^spot avtovg TtoXla- 
ulaoicp rq> ofiiXop eg 'Aivbvvov xadiaiaoav ' cogts ztlog ijavilav 
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vavoiv, aniaiovvreg avrov iai) i]^siv, dooQci 78 'auI TTQ^a^ug sn^fi- 
xpav avcw, 4' ^€ tovg XaXy.idmg nal Borriaiovg fitQog ii tov azQcc- 
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^' avrov 77SQI rovg %(^QOvg lomovg^ ol TZQog votov ohiovvrtg 
Qsadaloi, xac Mdp'i]7sg hcu ol allot vnriKooi OsaaaX^v, xal ol 
i^tjQi GsQfiOTTvXc^v EXhjvsg icpo^rid-tjaav firj xal stii oqiag 6 aiQa- 
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yAi) 'OdofiavTO! xcu /Jgrnot xai /lnQdcuoi ' avzovofioi 5' elai ndvreg. 
4. TiaQsaxe ds loyov xai. stii tovg raw ^Ad^rjvaiGiv TTolefAiovg 
Ell')]vag, fit] V7Z avrav dyofxeroi xara to Svfifxaxixov xai mi 
acpag x^Qiiawatv. 5. 6 ds iriv ts XaXx(dtx7]v xai JBottix?]v xai 
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Hosted by 


122 eoTKTjiJor zrrrPA(iiH2\ 

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fitya Ttai tzoXv aai {^^oXeqov, ai re vriaoi Tivxvai, Kai dXh]Xaig rr^g 
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iyxarsXiTTS, rd (xsv tzsqi ^AXufiaicoi/a zoiavza Xsyo^jtsva nageXd- 

cm. 01 ds 'A\}ri'}>atot y<ai o fI>oqf.ucov aQavzeg fx rrig 
^Axaofai'iag am dcpmo^Bvoi ig rrjv Navnavaov dfia ijqi xarsTiXsv- 
6av ig rag Ad^rivag, rovg rs iXevdt'QOvg rcor aijfAuXcozcoi' iy. 
rm> i'avf^aymv ayevregy 01 dvrjQ dvr d^^dqog iXvdr^aav, yai rdg 
vavg dg uXoiu 2. nai, 6 ystjimv irsX.svra ovrog yal rqirov hog rqi 
noXifi<^ ireXsvra 'S^ds ov QovAvdldqg ^vviyQaxpsv. 

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LIB. III. CAP. I — III. 123 

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eyxads^ofAEvot idrjovv rrjv yr^v' 'acu nQoo^oXcu, ^6neQ Hc^deGav, 
iylyvQvzo icZv ^Ad'rj'vaicav InntGiv orrrj naotrAOi, vAt] rhv nltiarov 
OfA(lov t03v Wiloov EiQyov TO ^t] 77Qoe'§i6i'rag i^hv ortXo^p roc iyyvg 
rl]g Tzolecog KaKOVQyuv. 2. ifiixetvavTeg ds ^qovov ov d'/^ov tcc gi- 

IL Mera ds r't^v la^olriv toov nsloTTOvvijffi'cop evOvg yiia^og 
ttXtjv Mi]dv^rrig aniatri an '^dtjvcjctcov, ^ovhjdti'ieg f.isv xal tiqg 
zov nols^oVf alX' ot AaK^baiixivwi ov TJQOoeds^avzo, avaynaadsv- 
zeg ds xai. ravirjv trjv anooiaaiv tzqotsqov ?f ditvoovvio Troujoa- 
cdai. 2. rm> ts yccQ Xiixuodv rrjv %(^giv, 'aoI rsii&v orAodofATjair, 
Kal V6C0V 7T0tJ]atv Ins^svov rsXsaOijrai, x«f. 0(T«w ix rov TIoviov sdsi 
dq:i'AtGda(, TO^orag re kcu airor, xai. a ^stansiinofxsvoi r^aav. 
3. Tfpsdtoi yocQ orzeg avzocg diaqoQOiy xac MijOvfArawi, xal avroop 
MvTiXfj'paicov Idia avd^eg xata (Ttdaiv, ngo'^svoi ^A\)tjvaicov, f-irfw- 
lai yiyvovrai toTg A\}rivaioig otl ivvoiy.i'Qovai is Trjv ydta^ov eg 
Tt'iv MvnXrjvriV ^la, xa] ir/v naQaaxsvijv aTzaoav fASid AaxedaffAo- 
vmv xai. Bofcormv, ^vyysvoov ovro3V, Em an0(si:a6n ^miyovrai' yuu 
d fi)] Tig nQ0xaTaXf]'{p8rai rfirj^ aregijaead'at avTovg yli6^ov. III. 
01 5' "Adrivaioi, Tjaav yccQ xsTaXamodOTj^Hvot vno ts Trig v66ov y.(x] 
rov noXsixov doxi xa&iGTafAtvov xai dxiAa^ovrog, jLib'ya fAsv SQyov 
fjyovvto thai Aia^ov TTQOGTioXs^coaaaOai vavrmov s/ovaav yal 
dvfafuv dyjQaiov^ yal ovx dnsbbiovro ttqootov rag xaTjjyoQiag,- 
fj.£i^ov fASQog i'Sfxofrsg rop fx)] ^ovXsaOai dXr]x^7j shar iTieid)] ixiv- 
roi yal TTSix^Javrsg ngso^sig ovy, sttslOov rovg MvriXyvaiovg rrjv 
TS ivvoiyriaiv aal rr^v naQaaxsvriv diaXveiv^ dsiffavrsg ngoyaraXa- 
Beiv e^QvX^vTO. 2. y,al nsiinovaiv s^anivauog rsoaaqaxovTa vavg^ 
ai ETViov tisqI IlsXonorvriaov TjaQsaKSvaafxsrat nXsXv KXsinnidrjg 
ds Asiviov TQiTog avTog sarQarriysi. 3. iariyysXO^i] yag ai/roig 
cog s'u] An672mvog Ma7.6svTog s^co rljg noXscag soquj, sv rj Ttavdij- 
im MvTArjvaioi iogrd^ovai, xal sXnida sJrai STtei^^d-svrag smnsaeTf 

Hosted by 


610V 01 


124 eoTKTJiJor ZTrrPAdnis. 

aq}Vco, aat rjr i^h ^vff^fj 'ij ntiqa^ si ds fA}j, Mvfd')]i'alo(g unBtv vavg 
78. nagadovvai yju rtiy/i y.adalHV, fit] TiSLdofisvcov ds TZolefisTv 
4. xru ai ^h> t>7]i'g S^ovto' tag ds loov Mvzilrivaicov dixa ^QiijQeig^ 
iu hvyov ^oijdol naqa ocpag y.azk to ^v^ifxa'/^rAOV naqovaai^ xctrs- 
^Ad^ri'vcuoi rovg avd(jag Ih avroov sg q^vXaxrjV etzoit]- 
5. ToTg ds Mvrilrivaioig dp?]Q 8k zm> Adijvmv dia^ag sg 
Ev^oiav, YAU ns'C^ri im rsgaiarov iXxfc^r, olxddog dvayousptjg sni- 
Tviav, Tilqi iQt]adfisrog, yial iQiraTog sx twv Adt^voov sg Mvriliqvriv 
dqjCAOusvogy dyysXksi zov stzitiIovv. 6. ol ds ovre sg xov Malosvra 
8^7]Xdop, 7(1 Ts dlXa roDV ts(](^6dv Xi^svoop tieqi id fif.ii7sXs(j7a 
cpoa^djiASvoi SQpvXaaGov. TV. xa/ oi Ad^qvaXoi ov noXv varsQOV 
>ia7anXsvGav7sg cog scoqcov, dnriyysiXm> {isv ol 07Qa7i]yot rd sns- 
{.iraX^isva, ovk saciKOvoviojv ds roov Mvrihjvaicov sg TToXsfxov y.adi- 
axavto. 2. dnaQaaysvoi ds ol MvTiXr^vcuoi y>(u s^alcpvijg dvayya- 
adsvzsg tjoXs^asTv, sxttXovp [asp Tiva snoiriaav^o rmp pscop cog sm 
rav[xaiia oXiyop itqo rov XifASPog, sttsitci yaTadiw^d^sptsg vno rcop 
'Arnxmp ps^p Xoyovg //(j// nQoascpSQOv rpTg atQCiTr^yoig, ^ovXo^us- 
voi Tag vcivg to naQavrUa, si dvvaivTOj ofioXoyta tipl snisiy^si dno- 
7is(AXpaa\^ai. 3. yai ol aTQarrjyoi tojp 'Adrfvaiav aTTsds^avTO, 
avTol cpo^ovfASPO! i^a] ov^ ly.apo} coa/- Asa^og nda'q TtoXsfiSiP. 4. 
dpayco)[r]p nortjadfASvo!, nspinov^ip sg rdg AdfiPag ol MvuXr^vaioi 
7ay TS dta^aXXovToop spa, cp fusrsfisXsp r^d)]j yal dXXovg, si ncog nsi- 
cfsiap Tag pavg dnsldslp, cog ocpoop ovdsp pscorSQiOVPrcop, 5. s>> 
rovTcp de dnoarsXXovGi sg rrjp Aayedaifxova TZQSG^sig TQirjQSi, 
XadopTsg TO Tmp Adrjpaioop vavTixop, oi odquovp sp rf/ MaXsa 
TiQog ^oQsap r7jg noXscog' ov ydg sniaTsvov ToTg dno tmp ^Ax^ti- 
paicop nQO^coQijiysip. 6. xai ol ptsr sg t^p AaKsdai^^iopa TaXamm- 
QCK)g did Tov TTsXdyovg yofAiaOspisg uvTOig srzQaoGOP oncog rig ^or]- 
{^sia i]^si. Y. ol d' sx twv ^Adjjpmp nQSG^sig cog ovdsp rjXdov 
TTQa^apTsg, sg TzoXsfiop yaO^iaTapTo ol MvrtlTjpaioi xai rj dXXvj 
AsG^og nXijv M't]dvi.ipr]g * ovioi ds roTg ^ A^rivaioig s^s^orj&ijxsaa'i 
itai '^J^^Qioi yai Arjfunoi yai t(^p dXXap oXiyoi iivsg ^v^^idyiosv. 
2. xa\ siodov, lisv Tipa napdv^iiti snoiricjafto ol MvTiXrivaToi stzi 
TO rmp ^A&rivaimp arQaTonsdov^ ya) f^dyt] syspsro, sp 7j om sXaa- 
(TOP s^oPTsg 01 MvTiXfjvacoi. ovts STzr^vXiGapjo ovre eniarsvGav agp/- 
<siv avToTg, dXX avs'^aoQijaap ' 3. snsiTa ol jasp rjav'^a'CoPf Ix TleXo- 

Hosted by 


LIB. Ill, CAP. VI — VIII. 125 

novvflaov aai fisr allrjg TraQaaxevrjg ^ovlotisrof^ el nQoayevono 7:1, 
xtvdvvsvBiv. 4. xai yaq amoig Melsag yddxcor af,iyji:i7ai nal "Eq- 
fUiicovdag Oij^alog, ot TTQoaTTecrdXTjaar uev i:i]g dnoajdahcog^ cpdci- 
kJui. ds ov dvfafzsvot tov tc^v ' ^■O^r^rafo^v snlnlovv y.ovcfa ixeta tI^v 
^Kv/jjv vareQov harzleovai rQifjQsi, >ia] naqr^vovv 77h(Anetv "i^iriQij aX- 
Xr^v xai 7TQ8a[isig fxs&' savzcov' yai exTisf.movGiv. YI. 01 8s ^^&7]- 
raioi TzoXh eniQQCoa&tvTsg d(d Tfjv i&v MvTiX'rjrai.ojv j]ovyiav ^v^- 
ixdiovg rs nQoasxdXovv, o\ noXv OaGaov naQvaav oQ^vxeg ovSev 
iGyvQOv ano imp ^eo^icoVy xai nsQiOQiiiaaiJievoi to nqog vozov riqg 
TToXecog hreiyiaav atQatonsda dvo ixarsQcoi^sv lijg TToXeojg, Kal tovg 
8q}6QfAOvg m dfxq)oreQO(g roTg Xifytmiv enoiovvro, 2, xai trjg fX8v 
daXccGGijg bIqY'OV fA7] yQrjadai rovg MvriXijvaiovg, rrig ds yrjg Tijg 
fisv aXXqg hyQatovv ot MvnXjjvaToi Kai ot dXXoi Ahg^ioi tiqoc^s- 
^oTjd^TjyioTsg f/87], TO ds ttsqI rd dTQaroTTsda ov noXv xareTyov 01 
^ Adr^vaioi, vamra^uov 8s ^idXXov tjv avroTg TzXoicxiv %ai dyoqag tj 
MaXsa. xai id [ tzsqi MvTiX'ipijv ovtoog ifioXefxsTro. 

VII. Kara 8s 7 0v avrov iqovov tov dsQovg tomov ^ Ad-rivaToi 
xal eg UeXonovvyjaov vavg dnsarsiXav tQidxovra xai ^ y46(oniov tov 
fl^oQiAicovog aTQUTrjyov, xeXsvadrTcov ^ AxaQrdv(x>v rmv 0OQfxi(x)vog 
Tiva Gcpiat nsfiipai 'rj vtov ?/ ^vyyevi] uQ^oi'Ta. 2. xai naQCinXsovaat 
at 'vrjsg Trjg AaKOJvr/Sjg rd sni&aXdaaia ycoQia snoQdriGctv. 3. insi-' 
ia rdg ^wsj^ nXsiovg dnon^ixnsi tK^v vs^v ndXiv In oixov AGconi" 
og, avrog 8' syoov 8oi8£Ka dcprAvsixai ig ISI avnaxtov^ 4. xai vcitsqov 
'A'AaQvdvag dvaatriaag nav8i]fAsl, 6TQaTSvsL In Oii'fd8ag, xai taig 
rs vaval xard tov '^ysX^ov snXsvGS xal 6 xard yljv aiQaTog i8i^ov 
Ttjv imqav. 5. mg 8^ ov nooos'j^ooQovv, tov fjsv ns^ov dcpirjatv, av- 
Tog 8s nXsvaag sg AsvKd8a, xa) dno^arjiv sg N/jQixov noi7](jdfiSvog, 
dvaxG)Qoov 8iaqidBiQST ai avrog ts xa] rr^g arQaridg tl fie'gog vnh 
Toov avto-d'sv TS ^vfi^or]dv^advT03V xal q)Q0VQ^v tivcop oXiyoov. 6, vazsQor vnoan6p8ovg rovg vsxQOvg dnonXsvaavTsg ot '^drivcuoi 
naqd tojv jl£vxa8iciov ixofitaavTo. 

Till. Ot 8s Ini rJjg nQc6r7]g vs(hg iunsficp^^evTsg MvtiXrivamv 
TTQsa^etg, cog avroTg ot A(VAs8aiji6vioi sJnov 'OXv^nial^s naQslvai^ 
Snwg aal ot dXXoi "^vfAfAayoi dxovaavTsg ^ovXsvacovTaiy dcfrAiovp^ 
rce^ ig iriv 'OXvfjiniav' r^v 8s 'Olvunmg rj /JojQisvg 'P68tog to 8sv* 

Hosted by 


126 eoTKTji/Jor srrrPA^n:^'. 

tinov TOiads, 

IX. Th fisv xaOearog roTg ''EXlrjai 'POiai^ov, oa apdgsg Aity^E^ 
daifjonof xal ^vfifia^^oi, i'^fiev' lovg yag acpiaraixevovg if roTg 
no)J(xoig ^v(AiAapav Tijv tiqiv anoXtlnovrag oi dsh^cfASvoi yad^ 
odov f^sv cocps7,ovvT:ai, iv ydovy ey^ovoi, i^ofii^ovTsg ds shea nQodo- 
lag Toov 77QO rov cpiXu^v ^siQovg riyovrrcu. 2. aat. oi'x (xdr<og 
fjtvii] 1] a^moig ioiiv, si ivyoi^v nqog kllifkovg oi rs acpiaTUfisvov 
Kcu acp OOP diaxQivoivno looi [asv zy yv(^fxri ovrsg xai evvoia, avTiTra- 
loi ds ry naQaaKsyri y.(U dvrd^si, nqocpaaig te mmy,rig f.irjd8fAia 
vnaQioi Trig anoardcfscog' o rjfilv ^Adrivaioig ovk riv. f,i)]ds 
icp ^siQOvg d6S(i)fisp eipat ei iv rf/ eiQijPij ji^ooiaepoi vri avzojv iv 
toTg dsiPoTg dqitazdfie&a. X. tisq} yccQ tov dixaiov aQetrjg 
TiQcoTov, dXlcog 18 yai iv^^Jtci^iag df.ofxsvoi, rovg loyovg Tioitjao^eOaj 
sidozeg ovze qMav idicoicug ^b^aiov yiyvofASvijv ovts Koipcaviav 
nol&aiv ig ovdtv, el fAt] [ast dgszTJg doxomijg eg dXli^Xovg yl- 
yvotvTO y,ai xctXXa ofioiOTQOTZoi, eisv ' iv yag t^ dialldaaoptt 
irjg yvcofitjg aai, al diacpoQal t&p EQycov yiaOiGzavraf. 2. tnuv 
^8 xa) ^Adqvaioig ^vmiaiia iyivsio ttqcozov dnolinoPToav (asv 
vix&p ix rov M}]8rAOV TTole'fiov^ TtaQit^Eivavroov ds eKStroop TiQog 
rd VTToloina roov sQycov. 3. ^vfif^iaxoi fxspioi iyspofAsda ovx in]. 
KazadovXaast roov 'EXXrjvoov AOijvatoigj aXX sn sXsvdsQooasi 
ano rov Miqdov roig EXXriai. 4. xm fA^^Qi (asv dno rov iaov 
yyovpTO, TTQoOv^ioog SLnoiAS&a' ensid)] 8s sooQmfASV avrovg rtjv fxsv 
rov Mfidov f/^Ogav dviivragr rr^v 8s roov ^vfAfid'/^oov 8ovXoo(7ip 
irrayojisvovg, ovx d8mg hi 7]fA,sv. 5. d8vvaroi Ss opisg xa-O^ sp 
ysvofiavoi did 7zoXv\p)jcpLav dfivvacf&ai ol ^vfAfxa^oi i8ovXoodt]Gav 
nXijv TjiAmv xcu Xioop' 6. rjfAsTg 8s aviovofioi 8t] oprsg xai. iXsv- 
dsQoi r^ ovofAari ^vpsatQar svaaiASv . xcu niarovg ovxsii sij^ofASv 
rjysfAOPag 'Adripaiovg, 7iaQa8siyiiaai roig TTQoyiyvoiAivoig ^qooiisvol' 
ov yaQ sixog ijv avrovg ^ ovg f.isv ixsQr rjfAav srartovdovg inoiriaavTO, 
xaTa(JT()i\pa6d^ai, rovg Ss VTzoioiTiovg, siitots dga i8vvri{)i]6av, m] 
8Q(X6ai rovxo. XL xat si ^xsv avrovofAOi szi rjfisv anavzeg, 
^s^aiorsQoi dv tjiup qaav f.i}]8sv vsoorsomv ' vno^isiQiovg 8s h/ovrsg 
tovg nXsiovg. rj^lv 8s dno rov laov ofiiXovvregj ^^aXsTi cars gov 
^htoroog msXXov ohsiv xai nqog rb nXsiov i]8fj slxov rov ri^isrsqov 

Hosted by 



871 liovov avziaov^iivov, alXo^g rs xal oorcp dvvuTcoTSQOt avtol 
avtwv syiyropTo ?]pt8ig 8q}]u6z€qoi. to ds avriizaXov Shg 
iwvov fH6toi> eg ^viAfiayJav ' 6 yciQ naQa^aivEiv ii ^ovXofiepog t^ 
111] TTQoe^ojp av STieXdtip anQXQmBiai. 2. avTorofioi rs iXucpdri- 
^6v ov 8t- alio Ti 7] CGOP avroig sg rrjv aQj^rjv tvnQSTreiK rs Xoyov, 
'A(u p'OJf/t]g i^aXXop iq)68(p // l(y%vog ra nQayixata Ecpaivsro nara- 
Xtinrd. 3. aiia fisp yaq ^a{)7VQicp e)(^qoovto fit] av lovg ys laoxpi^' 
cpovg ay^ovrag, ei piij ri rjdiKOvv olg STtyeaav, ^vorqareveiv ' iv rm 
avT^ 8s Kai ta yqaTiana Ini rs rovg vTzodssareqovg nqc^rovg 
^vvsTTTJyop, KOI ra rsXsvraia XiTiovreg, rov aXXov nsQiriQi^fisvoVf 
aaOsvtatsqa siisXXov i^en*. si 8s acp 7]fjicov tiQ^apto, i)(^6vT(xiV 'in 
ro3v ndvrcov avrojp rs laivv aai nqhg o,ri '^qij arripai, ovh av 
ofjiOioag i](^S(Q(oGayro. 4. to rs pavT{>iov ^j^mp naqsij^i riva cpo^ov, 
fiij 7T07S KixO- sv yspofjispopy 7] vfjcTp TJ aXXm rc^ nqoad'Sf^spop, yfp8v-' 
POP aqjiai Ttaqda^rrj ' 5. ra 86 aoci dno d^sqansiag rov rs y.oiPOV 
avToop Hal r&p dsl 7Zqos6T(^to}p nsqisyiyvo^sd-a. ov fxivroi ini 
noXv y av i8oiiov{iSv dvvijdrjvaiy si ^i)] o noXsptog o8s xars6r't]y 
naqa8siy^a6i y^qoinsroi roTg sg rovg aXXovg. XII. rig ovp avrij fj 
q)(Xia syiypsro 5 ^XsvOsqia nidzi], sv y TTuqa yvmiA,r^v dXXi^Xovg 
i)7Ts8s^6fxsOa, yal ol fj,sp tjudg Iv r^ TToXsfAq) 8s8i6rsg sd^sqansvop^ 
yfisig 8s msivovg iv ry r^avyja ro avro moiovfjisv ' o rs rolg aXXoig 
fidXiGra svpoia Tii&riv ^s^aioiy tjfiiv rovro 6 qjo^og syvqov naqslys' 
8hi rs ro nXsov // cpiXla y^aisyofASPOi ^vpifiayoi ij^xsp ' oTToriqoig 
&a(Taov rraqdoiQi do^cfuXsta daqaog, ovroi TZQozsqol ri xat, naqa- 
§)]asa&at sfxsXXov. 2, e^ars si rep 8o>iovfxsp d8ixslp nqoanoardv 
rsg 8id rr]v sysivmp fxsXXijaiP rmp sg rjfjidg 8sip^p, avroi oi'x 
dpT avafxslpavrsg aaq)cog si8tpat si ri avrmv karai, ovy. oq&mg 
<^y.07TSi. 3. SI ydq 8vparoi yfisv ey, rov kfov nai avrsni^ovXsvaai yai 
dpTifisXX7]aaif ri 88si rjfj.dg 8k rov ofxoiov sn SHSipoig slvai; In 
VASiPoig 8s ovrog dsl rov STTiysiqsTv Kai scp rjfiip slvai 8si ro nqoa- 

XIII. Toiaviag syovrsg Ttqocpdasig airiag^ w jfaysSaifAo- 
vioi xal ^vfjfiayoif dnsorrjiispj aacpsig fASP roTg axovovoi ypwpai, 
&)g sixorojg iSqdaafisp, ly.avdg 8s rjf/dg syq}0^7]Gai ya- nqog 
dacpdXsidv riva rqiipai, ^ovXo^spovg ixsp yai ndXai, ore sn iv ry 
Hqrivq Inbuxpaiisv co^; vfidg ttsqi aTToaraasfog, v^imv ds ov nqoa^ 

Hosted by 





128 eoTKrJi/iOT ZTrrPA0ii2'. 

^s^a^isvcov ^(oXv'&ivrag ' vvv ds iTiaidt] Boioorot nQov>iallaavro, ev- 
-O^vg vTtrj'AOvaafXEPy nal ivofj^i^ofisp anoariJGsa&ai dmXriv aTToaiaaiVf 
0,770 ts z^v 'EXl/jvcor fir] ^vv Tiaxojg noiuv aviovg {xar 'Adrivalcov^ 
alia ^vvelevdtQOvv, ano re 'Ad^rivamv fii] avioi. diaqjOagrii'm 
vn huvcov iv vartQCo, alXa nQonotJiaai. 2. ?/ fitrioi aTToaTaafg 
fjfA&v \)a6aov ysysvijTai anaQdaKtvog ' fi y,iu fiallov iqi] ^vf^- 
fAa^ovg de^afxivovg Tjfiag dta 7a](^so3v^oi^d8iav anoottlXeiv, iva 
qaiv7]ad^s a^ivvovT^g is oig 8tT 'Aat. ev tco aizfp 70vg nolefiiovg 
pAnTorreg. 3. HaiQog 8s cog ovttco nQotSQOv. vooq) js ya(j 
icpdagaTcu ^Adrjvawi rial )^Qr]fxdToov dandvri, vTJtg re avroTg al fn-r 
Tieol ti]v vfiertgav hgiv, al d' Icp rjfiiv tizTdiaiai, 4. cocjrs ovy, 
tixog ixvzovg nEQiovaiav vemv 'ii^iv, 7]y vfisig iv y(J &8Q8t tcpds 
vavoi 78 n8C&> afia sneo^dXrjTS to 88vt8qov' dXX tj v^iag 
ovK dfivi'OvvTui ininXtovzag /J an dfiqjort'QCOv dnoi(x)Qriaov7 
5. vofxiGd 78 fi7]d8}g aXXorqiag yjjg tteqi oheXov yuvdvvov 8%8iv. 
yaQ dox8i fiaxQar dnsivai ?/ yitu^og, 77]v wqjsXs^av av7m 8yyvd8f 
naQt^8i. ov yag h ry Azrimj hjzai o noXefiog (x)g tig oierat^ 
dXXk 8l' ijv 7] ^AzziKri (hcpeXeitat. 6. 'iati 88 tc^v iQijixdzoDV dno 
rmv ^vfAfidycov r/ 77Q6ao8ag, >iai hi fxEit^cov sarai, 8i rj^ag xara- 
azQs'xpovTat' ovzs yag aTTOdTrjdsrat d-XXog zd re ijiJiizsQa nqoaye- 
vt]687ai, 7zd&o(fi8v 7 dv 88tv6T8Qa y ol TTQiv 8ovX8vov78g. 7. ^orj- 
■Oriadprcxiv ds vfAODV TiQO&vfxayg noXiv 78 TZQoaXriipsa&E vavrixo'^ 
s^cwaap fib'ya, ovttsq vf^itp fxdXiG7a 7iooa88i^ nai ^Ad^'i^aiovg Qaof 
y.adaiQTjGSTS vqjaiQOvvzsg av7m> rovg 'S^vfipidxovg ' dgaavTSQor 
yaq nag 7ig 7TQ06][coQria8zai ' 7}]i' zs ahiav d7T0q)8v^sGd^8 r^v 8i)[878 
uq ^o}]dsiv 7oTg dqnazafxhotg. rfv 8' iX8vdeQovr7sg cpc^ivTjG&Sj to 
y:Qd7og zov noX^fiov ^s^aiozsQQv s^szs. XIV. alGy^m'divtsg ovi 
zdg 78 rojv 'EXXipojv 8g vfA.dg 8Xni8ag xal /lla zov 'OXvfATnor, 8r 
ov 7W iego) laa y.a\ i/Jzai sofAbv, BTrafivrazs Mv7tX'ip>aloig ^vfAjxayi^oi 
ysvoi^isvot, fxr/ ttqoijgOs 7]fidg, i8wv fisf zhv yJp8vvov 7&)V oo^f^a- 
rmv 7TaQa^aX7.o[J8vovg, yioivriv ds zqv fx rov yazoQdwGat cocpEXsiaff 
anaai dcoaovzagj hi 88 xoivozi-'gap zijv ^Xd^ijv, si fit] 7Z8i(y&sv7(X)P 
i'fAOjr acpaXijaofisd'a. 2. ylyvsads 8s di8Qsg olovansQ vfmg oi rs 
EXX7]V8g d^tovaij yal ro rifjiszsQov 8sog ^ouXszai. 

XY. Totavza fuv ol Mv7il'i]vatoi sJnov. ol 8s Aay.88aifiovioi 
xai ol Svfuia^/oi m8i8ri riyovGaVy 77QOo88^dusioi Xoyovg^ '^v^a- 

Hosted by 


LIB. 111". CAP, xvi. xvn. 129 

^d^ovg re rovg yha^iovg inonjaavTo, nal Tfji^ 4' "^"^^ 'y^zrixrjp 
ia^oXti'p zoTg rs ^vfifidy^otg naQOvm y.ata rdyog sq)Qa(^ov livai ig 
ihv iad'fiov ToTg 8vo fii-QSOiv cxjg notrjaofAevoi; xat avroi nQ^toi 
dqiiKOVTO, oknovg naQ^Gv.eva'Qov roov t'scop iv zq) laOfJcm cog 
vnbQOiGovTeg £x rTjg Kogivdov eg t/^?' Trgog '^d/jrag -OdXaaoaf vavai yatt tts^w ixfAa iniovzEg. 2. yat ot (asv TTQO&vfioog ravra 
inQCiooov ' 01 8s dV.oi ^vfAi^iayoi [iQadtmg ts ^vval^yovrOy yai h 
'<aQ7Tov hvyxomdfi rjaar yai aQQKidTia rov axQarsvaiv. 

XVI. ^ladofASvoi ds avjovg ol ^Ad7}vaioi 8ia yardyvmaiv 
daO^sveiag (7q)6jv TTaQanyevat^o^Evovg, djjXcofiai ^ovXofAi-voi on ovk 
OQ&dog syrcoyaaiv, dXX oloi 78 nai ^r^ ynovvzeg to Inl Aia^o;) 
vaviixov ya] to dno n.8Xonovvi]6ov iniov Qadloog d^vveadai^ 
ETiXriQCxiaav vavg sxaror, so^avzeg avioi 78 nXrjv inntoDV yai nevra- 
KoaiOfiedifi'PODV yai oi fiszoiyoi, ycu naqa rov lad^ov avayciyovjeg 
in:tdsi^tp re lnoiovv70 yai dno^datig 7rig UeXonowriaov ij doyot 
av^oig, 2, 01 ds ylayedaifxopi.ot, oQcoi'zeg noXvv rov TiaqaXoyov, 
rd 7S V7T0 rmv ^sa^toov Qijd^ivra 7jyovvro ovy dXr/dij, yai dnoqa 
vouiCovreg, mg avroig yai ol ^vfAiiay^oi ajAa ov naQqaav, you 
TjyytXXovro yai ai nsQi rijv rhXonovvriaov tqidyovza vlrjEg r&p 
*A&rivaiQav rriv neQioiyida avrmv TiOQ&ov^ai, dvsy^coQtjoav in 
oi'yov. 3. varsQOv ds vavriyov TzaQSGysva'Qov o,7i TTSf^ipovan' ig 
rrjv ylia§ov,yal yard jroXEtg inriyyeXXov rsaaaQdyovra vs(^v nXqOog, 
ya] "vavaQyov 7iQ06'6ta'^av AXxidaVj og sfA.sXX8v ininXsvasa&ai. 
4. dv^-yc6Qr]6av 8s yai ol 'AdtjvaToi raig sxarop vavalv^ insidl] 
yai ixeivovg sl,8ov. XVII. yai. yard rov yqovov rovrov ov al 
vljsg STiXeov iv roig nXeTarai 8}] vqsg a^ avroTg irsgyol ydXXsi 
iysiopro, naqanXrioiai 8s yai sri nXsiovg aqyoiisvov rov noXs^ov. 
2. rrjv re yaQ "Arriyhv yai Ev^oiav yai SaXa^Tva syarov iqjvXao- 
6QV yai nsql IIsXotzovvjjcjov srsQai syarov ^aav, x^^h' 8s at nsql 
n.ori8aiav yai iv roTg dXXoig ycoQioigy ooors al Tzdaai di^a iyiyvov- 
70 iv ivl dsQSi 8iaK6aiai yai nevrriyovra. 3. yai rd yqijfiara 
rovro ^idXiara vTtavdXaiae ^erd TIori8aiag. rijv re ydq IIozi.8aiay 
didqay^oi OTzlcTai i<pQ0VQ0vv, avri^ y^^Q ^^' vnf]osrri SQayfirjv 
iXafx^ave rijg r^ptSQag, rqiaxiXioi fxsv ol Tigcoroi, cop ovy iXdaaovg 
8i87ToliGQKri6av, i^ayoGtoi Ss yai yjlioi \ierd 0OQfti(ovogy o'l tzqo- 
anrfiMov ' vrjig re al rdaai rov ainov ixia&ov sq>SQ0P. 4. ra jtuf 


Hosted by 


130 eofiifziiJOT ATri'FA^u^. 

ovv Y^QtiiAaza ovzoog vnavaXcod'tj 7,0 7iqmzov, xai vljeg zoaavzai d^i 

JLYlll. MvuXijvaioi ds Kara tov airov iq6vov ov ol Aay.tdai^ 
mvioi negi, lov IgO\uoi> iioav, mi ■MtjOcf.ivaf^ (og 77Qodi8o[.ii:i'7]i>, 
^.G7()d78vaav yAirk yrfV, uvioi ts 01 suixovooi' nQoa'^aXov- 
tsg ttJ noleij Irteidq ov fiQovy^ojoti ij ngoffiidtjOiTO, UTiJjXdov Iri 
A'V%io6^g Kai. rivQQag xai 'EQsaaov, yai yazaatJjaafttTOL %a sv laig 
^olEai tavraig ^a^aioTeQUj yai Term KQaivravreg dia ra'/^ovg anijl- 
^ov in Oixov. 2. ioTQarevGav ds xai ol MiiO-viivaToi dva'/^o^Qij- 
jdvTG3V avrcov In "Avrcaaav' xuc ex^ojOeiag riiog y£i'0fAeri]g Txhj- 
^evTsg V7i6 TS twv ^AvriGGaiwv yai tc^v si^iixovQcap anedaiov r& 
Tiollol dps'/^coQfjaav ol loinol yard rdiog. 3. ol ds 'A&tjvalok 
nvvO^avofXEVoi lavxa, tov^ rfi Mv%ilr^v ulovg ilig y7jg yqaiovvxaQ 
y.a\ Tovg 6q)87t'Qovg arQarmrag ovy^ Ixavovg ovxag tiQjetv, ns^^i- 
novGi neQi. to qjOnoncogov f^d/j dQ](6iAevov rhv£i]xa rop 'EnixovQOV 
(Jiqarriyov^ yal iillovg hnliiag savTOJi^. 4. ol ds avrsghai nXev- 
aavTsg t(^v vscov dcpiKvovvTai xat nsQirsrj(^i^ov6i 3'IvTihjv7jv sv kv- 
xXqj aTzX^) Tsr/^ei.' (puovqia ds sanr ol snl tojp xaQrsQojp syxarcpyo- 
^o^ijrai. 5. ya\ ?} ^ilv MvTiXyvf] yaid ygdiog r/d}] dfi(f,0T8Q(od'£p 
y.a\ ix yJjg ya). sy daXdaarig tiQysjo^ yat, 6 isijio^v 'r]Q)(^8to yiyvso&ai. 

XIX. TlQoadsoiASvoi ds ol ^Ad-jjvaioi yj^riudrcov ig t^v ttoXioq- 
ylav, yal avrol iGsvsyyovzsg lora tzqoojov ioqioqav diayoaia rdXav- 
7Cd, i^STTSfAxpav yai int Tovg ^vfAfiayovg dqyvQoXoyovg vavg dcodexa, 
ya\ AvaiyXta, n^fjinrov aviov atqaTriyov. 2. 6 ^5 dXXa ts rigyv 
QoXoysi yu) TtSQLsnXsif ya\ Tyg KaQiag ry Mvovvrog dia^dg did 
TOV MaidvdQov Tisdlov f^s/Qi TOV 2Jardiov Xocpov, inidsfA^svcor 703v 
Kagcop yal 'ApauTCov, avrog re diacpOsiQSTai, yal TTJg dXXTjg azQa- 
Tidg noXXoi. 

XX. Tov 0' airov ysifXi^vog ol 1 IXaraujg, hi ycio iTZoXiOQ- 
Hovvro vnh tojv FltXonorprjGmp ya] Boicotcop, ^,:eLd')] t^) ts aircf 
miXmopTi mii^ovto, dno t^v ^AOqpmp ovdsfiia sXnig tjv ti- 
fiooQiagy ovds dXX?] ocortjQia kpaii'STO, STZi^ovXevovaip avtoi rs yal 
'^O^Tjtaiojv 01 ^vfA7ioXiOQy6v{A8i^oi 7tq6d70p fASP Tidvrsg i^sXdsiP yal 
VTZSQ^ljvai rd Tsiyrj r&p ttoXsiaiooPj t^v dvpoovrai §fd(yaG&ai, ia}]yi]' 
actfispov Trjv tzsTqup avroig Qsaivhov rs tov ToXfA.ldov drdgog fidr- 
i^Ecog yai Evio^nidoy tov Aal'fxdyov, ag yal i(JTQaTi]ysi ' 2. 'ineita 

Hosted by 



01 fisp rj^^aetg anoay^fijaav ncog rov nU'dwop, pts^'av 'rj^t^aatispoi, ig 
ds ardgag diaHOGiovg xal Bi'xoat ixdlioja svsfisivav ry e'^odco bOe- 
lovTiu r^omp Toimde. 3. xliftaxag inoiriaavTO laag ro} re/^a tow 
TTohfAicov ' ^vii:fASTQ)]6avzo ds raig impolaig lar nXivdav, fi sivy^s 
77(j6g (jcpag ovk s^ah])uiAfitvop to 7:Hiog avtooVo ?]QidfAOvvTO ds 
Tiolloi ana rag cn.f[joldg, nal tit^lXov ol fih nvi-g <xfxaQTi]6eodai, 
ol ds Ttlsiovg idvha&ai rov dlijdovg lopafiov, aklmg ts Ticu nol- 
?.aK(g dqidixovvTsg^ xai. kfia ov tzoIv aTZbjovisg, ulla Qadiojg nad^o- 
i}Ojfisrov ig o e^ovlovzo rov zsliovg. Ttjv fAsv ovv ^vfx^szQijGip tojp 
y2if^dxo3v ovTcog tla^ov, sh rov Ttd^ovg irjg nlivd^ov ehdaavieg lo 
jAtiQov. XXI. 10 ds TSiiog Ijv t&v IIsXoTiovvijaiOjV TOiovde r^ 
oixodofAriGsi. slis fisp dvo Tovg nsQi^olovg, Tt^og 7S FlXaraiwv xal 
ei Tig s^ojd-ev an \Ad^rivmv snioi, dieliov 8s ol neQi^oXoi iy^xaidexa 
TTodag fiaXiGTa an dXlriXcor, 2. ro ovv fisra^v rovio, ol sxKat- 
dsxa nodeg, roTg cpvla^ip olyirnjiaxa d(aP8PSfir]fji8pa (^Kodo^qto, y,ai 
//»' ^vre^ij &}6TS ir cfaiveadat rsix^g na'^ indX^sig t)[OP dficpoii-'Qco- 
dtr. 3. did dbxa ds indX^soov nvQyoi qaav ^sydXoi aat laonXareTg 
iM 7ti,yst^ di^KOPTsg sg 7€ to S6C0 fj-hconov avTOv aal ol avrol yal ig 
10 b'S(o, ojdTB naqodop fnj shai naga nvQyov, dXXa di avimv (At- 
■smv difisoap. 4. rag ovv vvxzag, onois 'j^etuobv tiq vorsQog, tag 
fASp endX^sig amXhinov, ex ds imp TzvQycov ovrcov dt" oliyov yuu 
(ti'OjOsv 6Tsyavcov, njv q]vXayJ]v snoiovvto. ro (asp ovp tsXiog Q) 
nsQiscf;QovQOvpro 01 nXazaiijg toiovzov Jjp, XXII. ol d\ intidt] 
TJUQSGxtvaaTo avTpig, TtjQ^aaPTeg vvxra ysifiSQiov vdari aai dpsfiqi 
yju ufia daiXrivov i^i^saap' rjyovvro ds olnsQ nai TTJg nsiqag airioi 
hciuv. ya\ TTQ^TOv flip TTiP rdjQOv dis^rjaav tj nsQtsTy^sp avTOvg, 
sneiTU nqoaifxi^av t^ tecisi rav noXEfiicov Xad^ovreg rovg cpvXaxag^ 

did 70 (JKOTEIPOV flS'P ov 7TQOi'd6v7CX)V avrSiV, IpOCpCp ds 7Cp 8K 70V 

nqoait'vai avtovg dvrmarayovvrog tov dps(Aov ov xaiaxovaaprcop ' 
2. dfia ds ical diiiovrsg noXv ^eguv, oncog rd onXa fxrj xgovofxeva 
nuh^' dXXrfka ai6^t]Giv naqiioi. ijaav ds smraXsig re rtj bnXiGsi, 
Y.a) rov dQifyrsQOP noda fiovov vnodsdsfASPOif daqjaXsiag svExa rTJg 
ngog rov nrf^.ov. 3. xard ovv fisranvQyiov nQoasiAiayov TZQog rag 
indX^EiCy eldoreg on sqijiaoI slat, ngmrov ^sv ol rag xXi^aaxag cpi- 
Qopzsg xal TTQOGs&saav ' snEira xpiXol doidsxa ^vv ^i(fi&(cp mi i^w- 
Qaxi dvs^aivov, wv 7]yeTro 'Au^iag q KogOL^oy iim nQ&tog avs^ti. 

Hosted by 



ii8Ta ds avrov oi sno^ievoi t'S, sqi sxdrsQOT to^v TivQyiov av^^atvop 
k'neiTa ^nlo) allot i.iera rovjovg ^vv ooQUTioig i](^coQovr, oig bt^qoi 
yj/aoniv tag aanldag 'icpsgov, oncog ixsipoi Qcfov TZQca^aiPOisv, xix« 
k'utllov ddauiv OTTOTB, noog roXg nols^doig Eiqaav. 4. (hg ds avoy 
Tiltiovg iysvovTOf yad'ovTo ol tx Ta>v nvQycov q)vlaxsg ' xats^als 
ydo Tig 7^v IJlaramv dvzilafi^afOfxsvog dnh t^v iTzdl^sckiv xi()0£- 
(fid a, // TTEaovaa dovTZOv s;70i7]68. 5. yta] avrUa ^oij t^v, to ds 
iyTQUTontdov sni to TU'/^og (ogfjirjasv ' ov yaq rjdei o,ti tjv to duvov 
(jKOTsmjg vvyiTog 'Aai i&tji^vog ovrog, j««J kfia ol iv rri ttoIh Taw 
niaTaiwv VTTolslsifXfAtvoi i^sldovTsg TtQoat^alov Tm tu'^h t(^v 
nsloTTom^Gicov en Tovunaliv rj ol av8Q8,g avTcov virsqi^aivoVy onmg 
iqmaTa Tzgog aviovg tov vovv f/oisv. 6. id^oQV^ovvto fiev ovv natk 
XcoQav fAEvovieg, ^OTj&tTv ds ovdeig sTolfia sk r^g savTojv (pvlaxTJg, 
dlX m> dnoQm rjaav emaaai to ytyvoiAsvov. 7. 'Aa] ol TQia'AOdioi 
avTOQv, olg eistukto TiaQa^oTjOeiv si ti dsoi, s'^o^qovv s^co tov tsi- 
^ovg TTQog T)]v ^oiji'. q)QVK70i re yQOVTO sg Tag Grj^ag nols/jioi' 
naoaviay^ov ds yuu ol sk T^g 77 olscog Tllarauig dno tov Tsi][ovg 
cpQVKTOvg nollovg, ttqotsqov rraQSOKSvaa^svovg sg avTO tovto, 
oTTcog daacfJ] tcc atj^sTa Trjg q)()VKT03Qtag zoTg nolefiiotg ij yiai ii\ 
^or]x}oTsv, alio ti vo^iaavrsg to yiyvofASvov shai i] to ov, ttqIv 6cp6jf 
ol ihdQsg ol iSfovisg diaqwyoisv y,ai tov d(ycpaXovg dvTild^otVTO 
XXIII. ol d' vnsQ^aivovTsg toov niaTaioov iv tovto), cog ol 7TQa>- 
7 01 avTcov dva8s^ri'A£6av xal tov nvQyov shutsqov Tovg q)vhvAag dta- 
qjdsioavTsg exsxgaTipiEGav, tag te diodovg toov nvqy(>ov ivatavTsg 
avTor scpvlaGGOv jir^di-va di avzcov S7TipO)]0sir, aai nlifAaxag TTQOd- 
xfsvTsg dno tov Tsiy^ovg Toig nvqyoig xal snava^t^doavTsg dvdqag 
nlslovg, ol fxsv dno toov nvqyoov Tovg sni^oriB^ovvrag yal y^droo&cv 
na] dvoo&sv sioyov ^dllovTsg^ ol d' sv tovtco, ol nlsiovg, nollag 
nQoad-svTsg xlifiaxag afxa, xal Tag sndl^srg dnaaavrsg, dia tov 
usTanvgyiov vnsQs^aivov. 2. ds diaxofii^ofisvog dsl la^.aro sn\ 
TOV ^silovg Ttjg racpQOv, nai Evrev&sr sto^svov te Kat y/xr/^zrtcr, si 
Tig naQa^otjd'mv naqa to TsT/^og y.mlvrtjg yiyvoiTO rrjg d.a'^dcisoog^ 
3. snsl ds ndvTsg disnsnsQaioovTO, ol dno tcov nvqycov, yrils^/cog 01 
TslsvTaToi, y^aTa^aivovTsg si(6qovv inl ttjv TaqiQOVy yix) h tovtq^ 
ol TQtaKoaioi avTOig snscpsqovTo la^inddag s^ovTsg. 4. dI fisv ovv 
TllaTaiffig SHeivovg sdqoov fidllov sy, rov ayoTovg^ s6t6c ^sg im roi^ 

Hosted by 




isilovg rljg 7dq}Q0v, xal iro^Evov re y^ai, iarinovrit^ov sg ra yviAva^ 
avToi ds iv to3 acpavn ov7:tg i](joov dia rag XafiTiddag KademQ&yro^ 
5. 0J67S cpdavovai T(hv TIXaTcawv y.(u oi vajaioi dia^dvrsg Ti]V 
KUfQOv, xaXsTTCjg d8 ^laioog ' y.QVGiallog 7S yag iTzenrjyei ol 
i:ib[3ai()g iv avr-fj Saz i7ze)MHv, dXX olog {mrjlicoTOv 7^ ^OQiov vda^- 
7c6di]g jAaXloVy y.(U // lij '^oiovicp dvtjicp vnovtiopo^isvri noXv in 
idcoQ Ip avrri ,^7T8noif]yt8if o fAoXig vnizQ^iovr^g snEQatc^Oqaav. lyi- 
rtzo ds yal i] didqjsv^ig avtoTg [xaXXov did rov ^^ijuoopog jo /LityE- 
i)og. XXIY. OQfir^aavTeg ds dno rljg rdq^QOv ot Filar aiqg, f;fco- 
oovv ddgoot rrjv ig 0/j^ag cpsQOvaav odov, sv ds^id s^ovrsg ro rov 
\4vdQoy,Qdrovg jjq^ov, fOfAi^ovrsg ijxiGza 6cpdg ravTT^r avrovg vno- 
Tonriaai zQansa&ai rtjv sg rovg TzoXsiiiovg' y,a} a(ia scogoor rovg 
nsXonovvijaiovg rlfv TtQog Ki&aiqcDva xat AQVog yecpaXdg, rijv Iri 
^A^riVQ^v qjwovaar, (Asta Xa^iTradmr diojxoviag. 2. xai ini fisv s^ 
// mrd 6radiovg ol IlXazadjg rrjv sm icov 0ri^mr s^coQy^aaVj STTHtf 
vnoarQSipavrsg r^saav rriv nqog ro oQog q.sQovaav odor, ?g 'EQudgag 
Kal 'Taidg, yal Xa^ofisvor. rojp oQoov diaqsvyovaiv sg rag 'A&i]pag, 
dfdQsg dcodsxa -Aai diaxoaioi dno nXsiovoov elal yaQ zueg avrar 
o\ (tnsTQanovro sg rqv noXiv ttqiv VTtSQ^aiisiv, slg d' sm rr^ s^oo 
rdcfQq) ro^ortjg sXi'iqdq. 3. ol ftsv ovv IIsXo7topi>i]gioi Kara ^coQav 
iysvovro rr/g ^otjOeiag navadiASvoi' ol d' sy, rtjg noXsGyg TlXarailqg 
r<xtv nsv ysyevi]fxsi'(ov sidoreg ovdsi>, r^v ds dnorqano\iivGiv acfioiP 
dnayystXdvTixiv cog ovdslg 7TSoiS(Sti, yjJQvxa hns^xpavreg, ms) ;),a/- 
Qa iysvsrOy s^nsidovjo avaiQS(Jiv zotg psyQoTg, ^aOovrsg ds ro dXq- 
&sg snaiaavro. ol iisv di] tcZv JlXarai^v dvdqsg ovroog vnsQ^dvrsg 

XXV. ^Ey ds rlqg ydaysdai(.iovog, rov avrov ][sifAm>og rsXsv- 
rooptog^ SKTts^nsTai 2^dXaid-og 6 Aayedafixopiog sg MvriX)]P7]p rQU]- 
QEi. yal nXsvoag sg TIvqQar, ya) s^ ahnjg tts^^ yard y^aQadqav rivd, 
{j vnsQ^arov 7,v ro nsoirsiyiana^ dtaXa&oop sasQytrai sg rrjp Myri- 
Xfiviiv, ya\ sXsys roTg nqosdQoig on. hu^oXt] rs afia eg rrjp 'Arnyyp 
iorai, ya). al rscjaaQayopza vrisg naqsGOprai dg sdsi ^oijd-rioai av 
toig, TTQoaTTonsficpdrjpai rs avrog rovzcov spsya^ yal a(xa roov aX- 
Jloa^ mifisX7]a6fASPog. 2. yal ol (xsp Mvrihjpaloi s&aQaovv rs, yal 
fiQog rovg ^Adtivaiovg r^aaop si^op rrjp ypcofxtjp coare ^vii^aivsiv. a 

Hosted by 


134 eoTKTAi/iQi' ^TrrPAam:^. 

ti ^eifioov irelsvra ovtog xat tizaqzov kzog tm ttoIs^io^ ertlEvra 
tmds ov Oovxidid}]g ivvi'yQaxpev. 

XXYL Tov d' £7Tr/iyvopi8vov d^tQOvg oi neXonovffiaioi, ifteidfi 
7ag ^g iljv MvnXrir'jjVj 8vo Kai xsaaaQaxovza ravg UTzedzsiXaP 
s^orza 'AlKidav^ hg r^r avroTg vavaQ^/^og, nqoazd'^avzeg^ avzoi eg 
ifiv ^Azzv/Jiv VAU Oi '^VfifAcv^Qt ioh'^alov, bucog ol 'Adqvaloij d^icpG- 
Ti^'go^dev doQv^ovfievoij ri^Gov zaig favG}v ig zrj'P MvziXtjvrfV KCiza- 
nleovaaig mi^ori-Oijaovaiv. 2. rjyetzo ds zrjg i(y[ioli]g zavtfjg KXeo- 
^svijg vn8Q Uavaaviov rov TIXeiarodvayaQg vUog, ^aatXscog ovzog 
v,a] veayztQOv szi, nazQog ds dd6Xq)og wv. 3. idrjaiaav ds ziig 'Az- 
z(mjg zd ze tiqozsqov zszutjfASpa [ko:/.] el zi ^^e^Xaaztjxsi, 'acu oaa 
iv tcug TTQiv ia^oXcug naQsXtXsiJtzo ' ?/ ea^oXi] avzi] ^aXsnmzdzi] 
iytvEzo zoig 'Adii'vaioig ptsrci zip devzsQav. 4. inifitvovztg yag det 
dnh zi]g Am^ov zi TTSvasff&ai zcov psoqv SQyov, cog rfiq nsTisqaiod- 
^sroov, sne^iiXdov zk noXXa ze^vovzsg. cog 5' ovdev dne^avvsv av- 
roTg cov TiQocjLdeyovzo, kcu tnsXsXolnsi b aizog, ave^coQtjaar >iai die- 
\vdt](sav xazd noXsig. 

XXYII. 01 ds MvriXrii'aioi Iv zovzo), cog at zs vljsg avzoTg 
0V1 iiy.ov dnh zT/g IJeXonorvfjaov dXXd ht/Qontor, y,a\ 6 aizog me- 
leXoinei, dvayxd^ovzai ^viA^aiveiv nqog zovg ^Adtivaiovg did zdds. 
2. 6 2JdXaidog yea aviog ov nqoadtyop^svog izi zdg vavg onXi'Qu 
zap dijfwv, TiQOTSQov xpiXor ovza, cog sns'E,icov To-ig ^^O^rjvoLiotg' 3. oi 
ds srzsidrj iXa^ov onXa, ovzs rjyQOOOPZo hi zcov cIq^^ovzcoVj yazd ^vX- 
Xoyovg ts yiyvo^usi'Of, // zap gltov sksXsvov zovg dvvazovg cpeQeiv sg 
70 cparsQOP, xaT diavif^stv anaoiv, t] avioi ^vyy^oiQijaavzeg nqog 
^A&rjvalovg sqjaoav naQadcoasiv z]jv noXiv. XXVIII. yvovzsg ds 
m sV zolg TTQayixacjiv ovz anoycxiXvativ dvvazoi bvisg, si z dnoyio- 
pcodriGovzcu zr^g ^vfA^d(jscog, yivdvpsvaopTsg, noiovvzai yoivrj 6f,ioXo- 
yiiw TTQO-g zs Udy^tjza xai zo cTTQazonedov, coazs \4drivaioig ^isv 
sisTvai ^ovXsvaai ttsqi MuziXr^patcop onolov dv zi ^ovXcoprca yal 
zijv azQaziav sg ztjv noXiv deysaO^cu avzovg, TtQsa^slav ds dno- 
ffzsXXsiP sg zag \A&rivag MvTiXr]vaiovg ttsqI savzcov' sp ooqt d^ ar 
TzdXtP sXd^coai, Udyrjza urjzs dr^aai MvziXTjvatcop lirjdha, f-ii]zs dv- 
dQanodiaai, pits dnoyzsirca, ?/ fAsv '^vf^^aaig avTij sysr^io. 2. oi 
dfi ngd^avzeg nqog zovg Aaysdaifiopiovg fxdXKJza zmv MvziXrjvaiosv 
nsQidesTg ovzsg, cog tj ozqana saijX&sVj ova rivsaxovzo, dXX sm rovg 

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§03p wg ouoog y.aOiXovai' Tld^qg d' avaGTi]aag avrovg oocyis ^ij 
adi'/r^oca, 'AoctaiLOeTcu eg Ttvtdov jAspn ov loig \40rivaioig tl doirj. 
3. TTSuipag dfi xai eg rrfP ^vziaoav rQiriQEig TrQ06£KT7jGC4,ro xai 
lulXa 7(1 TieQi TO OTQCiTonsdov y.a&iaiaro y avzm edoHSi. 

XXIX. 01 d' ev Tiug lEGOHQaxovra vavol TIi:7.onovvrioioi^ 
ovg edit ev rdj^tc TxaQay'drtoOai, nliovreg ntQi tb avr/jv t/jv 
IJi-lonoyrqaov evdiezoixpcp', xai Kara tov alXov tiIovp a^roXacoi 
'AO^iad'tvieg, lovg fisv ex TTJg Tsolecog ^A&rjvalovg Xav&dvovo(, 
7r()]v dl] ilj Aqlm sGyov, TiQoafii^avzsg d' an avz^g z\ 'Ikccqc^ 
xal MvAOPqi 7ivv{)dvovzai ttqooiov ozi y MvriXrivrj sdlo3X8. 
2. ^ovlofieroi ds zb aaqisg eidevai xazmXtvaav ig '^Efx^azov zi^g 
^EovOgalag ' qf^ieQai ds fidliGza 'tjaav zy Mvtihprj ialaxvicc 
snzd oz' eg zo 'Efj^azov xaztjiXevaav. frvdo^svoi ds to caqisg 
i^ovlevovzo ex tm' naQovzoav ' xai sieger avzoig TavziaTzJ.og 
dv]jQ 'Hleiog zd8e. XXX. 'AlxiSa xal IhloTiovvviGmv ogoi 
TTaQefffiev aQy^ovzeg zqg azQazidg, efAoi doxet Tiletr Tj^dg em 
Mvnlqrqp TTQiv exTJvozovg yevtodai waneq eioixev. 2. xazd 
yciQ zo eixog dvdgav i^ecjoazi nohv rj^ovzojy nolv zo dcpvlaxzov 
tvQ}po^ev, xazd fuv ddlaaaav xat Trdiv, y exHPOi ze dveXniazoL 
eniyeveaQiu dv ziva Gcplai nolt'fuop^ xai ij^^v // dlxtj zvyidvei 
udhaza ovoa ' eixog ds xal zo ne^ov avzoov xaz olxiag dftslmze- 
Qov d}g xexoaztjxozcov dieanaQOaL 3. el ovv r^qoaneaoiiiev dqjrco 
78 xa\ pvxTog, eXttiXco fxsza zmp spdop, si rig aqa i]fup eaziv 
vnoXoinog Evvovg, xaTaXrjcpd7]Pai dv z^ nQdyfxaza. xai fit] 
dnoxri]0(x)iisv zov xipdvpov, rofxiaavzEg ovx dXXo zi tu-ai to 
xatpov zov noXtfiov i] zo zoiovrov, o st zig cyzQazqyog sp zs avzM 
q^vXdaaoizo xal zoTg noXsiJiioig Ipoqojv STiiisiQolri, nXt'iaz dp 
OQdoiTO. XXXI. liSP toGavza emcov ovx eneids zov ^AXxi- 
dar. dXXoi ds zivsg rojv d^i ^Icoviag qjiyddcop xai. ot yito^iot 
^v^nXsopzsg naQipovv, STTSidrj zovzov zop xivdwov qio^thai, zcop 
iv 'Icopia TToXsmv xazaXa^siv riva ^ Kv^ijv zrjv AioXida, onmg en 
noXsmg oQixd^ispoi zrjv 'loaviav dnoGziqaodaiv. iXnida d' shai' 
ovdspl ydq axovacwg dq)ix&at* xai. zqv nqoGodov zavzqv [isyiazfjv 
ovaar ^Adrivaimv i]v vqjiXo^ai xat a^xa ijp iq)0Q^u^6tp avzotg, 
darzdvrj acfiai yiyrqzai^ nsiasiv ze oisa&ai xai Hiaaovdvrjv c6<szs 
^vfiTZ^Xs^siv, 2. 6 ds ovds ravra ifsdexszo, dXXd zo tiXsiotop 

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136 eoTRTJizJCT zrrrrAri)ii2\ 

TTJg p'oofiijg elxsv, insid)] r'ijg MvTil/jrijg vgt8qi]'A8Ij on rdiiara t^ 
lleloTTorvijacp ndhv ttqo^^i'^cu. XXXII. a^ag ds i'A to?> 
^EfA^drov TraQsnlet' xal ttqoox^v ]\lvovr)]a(p rrj Trjicov rovg 
aly^fialojrovg ovg xard nlovv slhjcpsi, dizsacpa^s tovg Tiollovg. 
2. yuu 8g rijv '^Ecpeaov y.a&0Q^taafA8vov aviov, 2aaimv i:m> f§ 
\4vamv dquxof^svoi nom^tig eXeyov oh KaXcog Ti]v 'EXldda elsvO-s- 
Qovv aviov, u dvdQag discpOeigsp ovts y^uQag dvraiQOfxsi'Ovg ovth> 
Tiols^iovg, ^A&tjvaioav ds vtt drdyxtjg ^vfA^udj(^ovg ' si t8 fjj] nav- 
asrai, oily ovg fisv avtov rav sj&qcov ig cpillav TTgoad^eaOaiy 
TTolv ds nXsLOvg T(hv qjildiv nolsiilovg 8%eiv, 3. xai, 6 /usv bttsl' 
ad)] 75 yial Xicor dvdQag ooovg eI)r£P hi dqiij-AS xai r^v aXlcov 
rivdg ' OQOovTsg ydg Tag vavg ol dv&Qmnoi ovx scpsvyov, aXXa 
7TQ0GS)fmQ0vr i^aXXov cog "^TrtxaTg xai sXnlda ovds rrjr iXayJarjjr 
tlxov, {a/] TtoTEy ^Ad^rivaiodv Trig d^aXdaaijg yiQazovvzcov, vavg HeXo- 
7T0vv}]6L(x)v sig ^Imviav TraQa^aXsiv. XXXIII. dno ds njg 
'Ecptaov 6 'AXyiidag STiXei y.atd jdyog ya] cpvy^tjv sttoisito' oocpdq 
yd-Q V7Z0 77]g JSaXafxiviag xai. TlaqdXov hi tzsqi IxaQOv OQf.to3Pf 
al d' an 'Adrivmv hvyov nXi^ovaai, xal dedicog rtjv dico^tv sttXsi 
did eov TTsXdyovg cog yy 8'Aovoiog ov ayrjacov dXXri // nsXoTZOvviqGa'). 
2. TO) ^6 ndyrin xal roig AOrfvatoig IjXds usv ya\ dno T^g 
'EQvdQCilag dyysXia, dcptm'sho ds nai'Tayodev djEiyiaTOv yag 
oviJTjg Trjg 'fooriag, pisya to dsog iysveio^ jai] naQanXsovTsg ol 
JJsXonovvfiaioi, el y.a] dog inj disvoovvro pitt'Sir, TZogOcoaiv afxa 
nQoanltriTOvrsg tdg ncQ^sig. avrdyysXor d' avzov Idovaai iv rfj 
^iKUQCp ?/ 78 TIaQaXog xat rj 2aXaixivia npQaaav. 3. 6 ds vno 
67iovdl]g 877018170 7i]'P dico^w ' AUf M-^JQ^ 1^^"^' EldifAov 7rig t^gov 
8n8dioo'S,8v, d)g d ovxsti h xa7aX7]\j.)8L 8qaiv8T0, 8nav8ycoQ8i. y.8Q- 
dog ds ivo^uast', ^nsidrj ov fxsTScoQoig Trfofsrvysv, 07i ovdafxov iyya- 
TaXTjCpOsTaai iivayydadijaav 07Qa7on8dov noisTadai, xai cpvXayjp 
acpjai ya\ icpoQfAtjair TiaQaayeTv. XXX IV. TiaoanXscav ds ndXiv 
eays yal pg N67iov to Ko7.ocpo3vioov, ov ya7CpKr]V70 KoXocpcoriof, 
rl'ig uvoo rroXsoog saXooxvlag vno ^Jta^dvovg 7cw ^aQ^idocm' 
Ka7d ordaiv Idiav InayOsvToov' sdXoo ds ndXiara avzf] ors y 
dsvTSQa nsXoTTon'tjGicov iu^oXt] sg 77jv 'A77ixrfp sylyvsTO. 2. h 
ovv 7m N^OTiw Ol xaracpvyovtsg yju yaTorAtjdavTsg avzo&i, av&ig 
'S7aaidaav78g^ ol air, naQa Tliaaov&vov snmovQOvg '^Qxddoor 78 

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x«« TOJi' ^ciQ^dqmv InayofJLEvoi, h dia7ei)[i6fxa7i dxov, nal Tcoi> ea 
77]g ai'03 7r6lscog KoXoq:o3fi(Kiv ol fiT]dt,aavtEg ^vreGeX'&ovTEg eno- 
liztvnr, Oi 5f VTTsieldopTeg rovTovg ovteg cpvyddeg tov 
TJaiqra indyov^at, 3. 6 5s nQoxaXeudiwpog ig Xoyovg ' Inniav 
■rav h TO) diaii-r/JaiAaTi '^Qxddoov dqyjcivxa^ oocjrf, \v [irfiiv doeaxov 
/^tyij, nahv aviov xajaarjjGSiv eg -zo rsTy^og odor xai vyid, 6 ^tsv 
sU(X08 nuQ avzov, 6 8' skhvov ^sv cv q)vXaxri ddi:aficp ii'isr, 
avTog ds ttqoo^uXcov t^ Teiy^iofiatt e'S.anivaiwg xal oh TrQoodtyo ■ 
fitvcov aiQH, rovg 78 ^^^Qxadag >ial tojv ^ocQ^dQcoi' oaoi Irljaav 
diacf'dsiQti ' tov 'inniwv varaQOr laayaydiv ojGTieQ lan^laazo^ 
en£t8ij sfdor tjif iv7J.a^^av8( xai Kazaro^evsi. 4. KoXocpoiPioig 
ds Nqtiov naQadidcoGiy nXv^v tcov (jUjdiadvTcop. 'Aai vortQOv ^Adij- 
vaioi. oi-AKjTocg n^^xpavzeg v.aik jovg savrmv fOfAOvg y.aT(irAi(jap to 
A^oiior, ^vvayayovreg ndviag ex jwv 7i6X8(ov h nov tig ijv KoXo- 

XXXV. '0 8s ndyrjg dcftxoiAtvog eg jtjv MvtiX'rivijv ty^v 78 
TJvqQav xai "Eqeooov 7ia()S6Tr^aaT0, hcu ^dXaidov Xa^aw iv 7y 
fioXsi 70V A(VA88utfi6nov xexQVfAjitvov, dnonefxnei eg 7ag ^^dtp'ag, 
Kcii, 70vg ex 77jg Tevedov BlvuXriraicov av8Qag afACi ovg xa7ei}870^ 
KCii £t 7ig aXXog av7(p airiog edoxti tlpai TJ^g anoaTocaecog ' ano- 
mixTiei 8s x(u 7i]g GTQviridg zo tzXsov. 2. 7oTg 8s XoinoTg vnofjJvcay 
uadlazaio r« tzsq). rrjv MvTilrjvrjv y,ai zr/v dlXijv Asg^ov y amq) 
i86xsi. XXXYI. dq)iKO^b'ioor 8s toji> dr8()cov Kai rov 2JaXaiOov, 
ol ^Adiivatoi 70V fjsv 2JdXaiOov svdvg dneKzeivav, eutiv a naQS- 
')^6fi8vov, 7a r dXXa xa\ dizo UXarai&i', ht yixQ enoXwQxovv70, 
dndisiv rJsXoTtorvtjOiovg ' 2. nsQi. 8s imv dv8()(Dv yvm^-iag enoiovvzo, 
xal V7T0 6()y7ig i:8ot,8V avzoTg ov 70vg naQoviag iiovov dnoy-rshat^ 
dXXd xa\ 70vg dnaviag MvziXrivaiovg (jaoi. rj[lcodi, nai8ag 8s xai 
yvvalxag ur8Quno8iaa!, enixaXovrrsg rf}p is aXX}jV dnoaraaiv 07i 
ovx uQyoiASvoi, mansQ ol uXXoi, enoiiqdavio, xai nooo'^vve^dXsjo ovx 
fXdyiazov zijg OQpjig ni IhXonoi'VT'Omr vljsg eg Icoriav exewoig 
^orjdol toX^i^aaoiu naQaydv8vv8vaai' oh ydo dno ^Quy^uag 8(a- 
roiag e86xovv ztjv dnoGia^iv Tioi/.aaodaL 3. nti^inovaiv ovv tqij]~ 
QYj dig ndy7]7a dyyelov 7d)v 8s8oyiui(K)T, xara rayog xtXtvovrsg 8ia- 
l^jTioaaOai MvnXijvaiovg. 4. xai ztj varsoiiia (xczdvoid 7ig ehOhg 
Iv av7oTSy /.a). dvaXoyioiiog cofior 7o ^ovXgvfia inya eyrojnOui 

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i:^i3 eoTKrJiJOT zrrrPAfiiH:s, 

nohv oh'rv diacfOnQai fialXov ?/ ov rovg airiovg. 5. &}g d^ rjad^op 
10 TOVTO Toj^' Mviihivalrm' ol naqovreg nQta^eig, nal ol avzoig 
icor ^^'Oriramv '^vfinQdaaovzBQ, TraQeaxsvaGav rovg iv jslsi coata 
aldig yi&iiag TiQoduvai' %ai mniaiiv Q^ov, Siozi "aoI hAtivoig 
tv8)]lov }]v '^ovlouavov to nXaov jwv Ttohimi^ avOig rivag oq.'i(Jtv 
anodovi'vu ^ovXsiaaGOai. 6. Kcnaazdorig d' ev&vg ^KKh^otag 
dllai 78 yvojfiai dcp sxaaTcop DJyovto y^ai Klecop 6 Kltatvhov, 
oantQ lifP 7rQ0TtQav utviKi]y.H coctts dnOKztivcu, m> y,a\ h '?<i 
alia ^taioiatog rcov tioAitojp, rep tb diqiJio^ naqa nolv h> tqj tois 
mavojzazog; naQtldoov av&tg sltys toidds. 

XXXV 11. IloXlaxig fisv r^drj eycoys xai. aXlozs tyvcov di/fxo- 
y^Qaiiav on ddvvaiov ^artv ht^icov aQX^'^f [ACcXio'ia 3' sv ttj t'vv 
vuETtQCi TTtQi MvTiXijvalojp fiSTafisXeioc. 2. dia yao ih xad" Ij^bQav 
ddtag xal dvi-ni^ov7.tviov nqog aXXijXovg sg Tovg ^viifid'/^ovg to 
avro h/jiTB^ o,t{ av y Xoycp TtinodtrTug vti aviojv c^id^T )jr a // 
Qiyaco iidwTSy ov2i STnxu'dvicog riytiaOe 8g vixdg yun, ovx 4* "^^P' '2'co/^ 
ivfilAaxociv xdQtv fiaXaxiX£6\)a[, ov Gyonovvreg on Tvoainida i^ers 
j)]v dopiv yai 77Qog STK^ovXtvoi'zag aviovg yat axoizag aQ'^oiitvovg, 
01 ovx f§ c^v dp 'laqltq') (y a ^Xanrofisvoi avioi ayQoSrrai VfAooVf 
dX)! r-§ 00 r di> UT/^vi fidXXov tj rij ixsiicov svvoia ntQiyH-}]0v8. 
3. ndvrmv ds dtipojaiov tl ^^^aiov tijaiv ^iid^v yaOeaj/jt^i cov av 
36'Sri TTtQi, lufis yvcoGopitOa on ^tiQOai vouotg ayn'i]Tosg y^ocofisri] 
noXig yQiHGOoyv ianv ij yaXojg s)[0vgiv dyvQoig, dixaOia js fisra 
aojcpQOO'wrig (hcpEXifmTHQOv rj St^ioTTjg f^ti-td dxoXaaiagj ol is qavXo" 
rtQOL TcZv uvdQOj/toJV TiQog TOvg ^vv8T03ZSQ0vg cog mi TO TiXeiov 
iifAtitov olxovai Tag noXtig. 4. ol fAS'p ydo t^v is rofAOov GOCfcoTs- 
oot [iovXovzai, (paiveaOai tojv ts dtl Xtyofit'vojv eg to koivov 7I£qi- 
yiyreaOai, chg iv dXXoig {Aei^ooiv ovx dv 8rp.ooaavT£g tyiv yv(x)iA,^v, 
yuu 8y Tov TOiovTOv Ta TToXXd oq.dXXovGi idg TZoXsig ' ot 8' dni- 
azovPTtg Ty savToSv ^vvsast dua0taT8QOi. fiip tcZp ^ofxcov dtcovai'p 
Eii^ai, ddvrazMTeQOi §s tov yaXojg tmovTog ^.tfAipaadat Xoyor, xQi- 
^aJ d& opzsg dno tov ioov (AaXXov // dycopiGzai oQOovvrat rd nXeioj^ 
5, ag ovv iq)] yal rjfidg noiovviag f.if], OcivoTtjTi yai 'Svy8a8Cx)§ 
dySpi BTzaiQOiiivovg, izcj^a 86^av Tcp vfi£i8ocp 7zXi]d8i nafjaivalvt 
XXXVIll. lyoi im> ovv 6 avzog 8ij.u rrj yvcofiij xal davfid^co i^h 
r^v 77Qo08Ptoop avdig tzsqi MviLXijvaioDV Xsy8iP, xai ^qovov diai^^ 

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Srir F^T?oir^adw7CiJVf o Ian nqhg zco^ 7]8iyjyKU£co}' {.lalXoV 6 yag 
nadm> rqj d{jd(javii diA^lvreQa t?J 6^]']] ^77tit()y^6Tai, dfxvvaodai 
8s Tw TTOLdtlv on lyyvrdicxi 'Aeifitior, avjinalov ov^ iiahna tyj^ 
rif(coQuzv di'alaij^drei' \)aviAd'Cco ds vau oo'ztg earai o dt'THQmv, 
YAu dh(x)G(x>v dnoQpiuvtiy^ rag (xlv MvTiJjj'vaicov ddixiocg ijiuv 
(xicftlifiovg ovaag, ikg d' ijixaitQag ^vfA^cpogag loig ^vfifidxoig 
[ildf^cxg xadiotafAtpag. 2. Kai. drjlov on rj tw Itytiv TTiaremag jo 
TTiii'v ooxovp avranocprivat cog oux syvojijzai, aycopiaaii ai', tj 
xtQdti i/raiQOfASvog to evTZQSTTsg rov loyov iKJiov/](Sag TzaQdyeiv 
neiQaGniai. 3. tj de noXig in rojv Toimide aycopoov la ixsv adla 
ht'ooig dtdooGfff avrt] 8s jovg ydv8vvovg dfacptQSi. 4. lurioi d 
vfitTg xa'AKtg dycovoOerovpTsg, oinpeg slcod^azs O-sarcu ^lev t&p 
loyoov yiypsodaif axQaarai 8s roop SQycov, la i-isv iiUXoptcl SQya 
dno rwp tv tinoviav (Jnonovvtsg (hg 8vvara yiyvsGdai, la 88 
irSTZQayfjJpa rfitj^ ov to SQaadsr TTiaroTSQOV oxpti la^ovrsg ?] to 
aKOvaOsp, dno z<^p Xoyqi KaXag Imrif^ijadvTcop ' 5. xac fAsrd aat- 
rSzt^tog fASP Xcyov dnardaOai doiaioi, (Asrd 8s8oyjixa6i.ihov 8s fit] 
^vv^ntaOai iOtXetp' 8ol'Xoi ovz^g*im' dti dionoiv, vnsQonTai 88 
rodv eloi)06imv ' 6. fidXtora fisv aviog tinelv r/.aarog [^ov7.6fie- 
vog 8vv(y.()0ai, tl 8s fA,//, drjaycori^of-isroi roig roiavza Xeyovai i^sj 
vazsQOt dy.oXovx}7]()ai 8oytvp nj yrojfnj, oiecog 8l^ ti Xi-yovzog ttoos- 
7raivsaai, yai TUQouiaObadai is TZQa-Ovfioi shut ra Xsyofisva, yai 
TJQOvoTioai [j()a8sig %d f'J avzmp dTxo^tjGoiASpa' 7. ^}]jovp7tg rs 
dXXo 7f, dig alntiv, t] ip oig ^oo^usp, qQOVovpzsg 8s ovSs tisql zoov 
naQOPTow Ixapoog ' aTiXcog is dxotjg 7]8opri r]<j6c6fisvoi >ial Gocfiuzcov 
{Isazcug soixozsg xaOr^fitroig fxaXXov y tts^ji TzoXscog ^ovXsvofispoig. 
XXXIX. 00/' iyoo TZSiQOjfisvog uttotqstzsip i\adg dnocfaivG) Mvzi- 
Xtjvaiovg fidXtaza 8r] fAcar rroXip i]8rAijH')iiig ifn^g. 2. r/co ydn, 
olriveg fisp fifj 8vraro( qsQSip zrjv vfiSTSQuv d()yjjp ]] oinvtg vno 
■tmv 7roXsf,uo3P dpayyaadspreg ansonjaav, ^vyypcofirfP sy^co ' prjoov 
8e o'lTiPsg tyovteg liszk tsiyf^v ycu yazd OdXizaaap fwpop cpo[joi>fis- 
fOb JOvg 7]fiszs()0ig TToXsfuovg, (-p w yai avtoi. t:qi.i](jcov naQctOKSvjj 
ovy dcpQiVATOi rjdaf TiQog aviovg, avrorofxol is olxovpisg Kcd 
ritiOJl-ttfOi sg Tii 77(jooTa vcp f^uoov roialza sioyaaaiTo, ri aXXo 
ovzoi ■}] eTTsfiovXtvofiv 78 yai. ^navtaiijaav fxaXXov T] ansaz7jaav, 
P^'TToaraaig jAbp ys rmv [^)iai6'p ri naayovraiv saziv, ii^rirriadv 78 usta 

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140 eoTKT/i i/iOT sxrrPAdiHS. 

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QCidbiyfia ds avroig ovie al Tdov TTt'lag ^v^q]OQ(u iytvovio oaoi 
anooidvjtg f^8i] 7jfA.oQv e)(^siQoo{)rj6av^ ovis t] naQovaa evdinftovia 
77aQ^G')(^E'V oKvov ;M// slOw sg ra dttva • yEv6iA8voi ds TZQog to lAtXlov 
-xJijciUHg yjxi. ilnLGcivrtg ^laxQozeQa fASv rrfg dwdfiecog, iXdaoco da 
rqg ^ovli]6£(x}g, noX^iiov i]Qocv70, iay^vv d^icoaavieg rov drACuov 
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d8ixovfiEioi. 4. si(K)-&s ds thoov tzoXscop aig av iidXiara x«/ ^/' 
iXaiiarov dnqoado'Aijzog shnqaS^ia eXx^i], sg v^qiv tqstisiv' 7 a ds 
noXXd xard Xoyor toig drOQCoTTOig svrv][Ovrra dacpv/JJursQa ?/ 
Tiaqd doiav ' yai HaxOTiQayiav, ojg slntlVj oaov anmd^ov'vzai }> . 
Bvdaiixoviav diaacoL^ovrai. 5. iqp^v ds MvTihvvaiovg %ai ndXai 
liildsv diaqjSQOvrag tojv aXXcov vcp r]uav TsriiArjaOai^ xai ovk dv Fg 
jode et.v^oiaav nkpvxs ydq xcu dXXcog dvOQCOTiog ro ^sv dsQa- 
71SV0V vnsQCfQovslv, TO ds fu] VTTsrAOf {)aviJidt,siv. yoXaadiirmaav 
ds Kcd vvv d^img lijg ddixwg, nat ja)] roTg f-isr oXiyoig rj aiiia 
TrooazS'&ri, top ds dijfiop dTToXvarfts. 6. ndvteg yaQ ?)p(tv ye ofAomg 
^77 td trio, Dig y" si^v oog tjfAag rQsno^svoig -vvv TidXtv sv zfj noXsi 
thai. dXXd rov fisid rmv oXiycov yJvdvvov ijyijadiis'voi ^s^jaiOTSQOv 
^vvantaTriaav. 7, rav is 'SvfA^d)(^cov, ayJ%paads, ti roTg 78 avay- 
yaaOtiaiv vno r^v TtoXsfAicop yen roig sxovoiv arroaTdai- rag avrag 
tr^iiiug TiQOcidipSTS, 7iv(i oitaOs hvTiva ov ^qay^sin nqocpdasi 
dnooTiqGEad^ca, orav ^ yaTOQdaaavri iXsv&sQcoaig |/ ij (ScpaXivji 
ixijdsv nadstv dvTJxsaTOV ; 8. ^ifxTv ds ngog syaoDjv ttoXiv anoys- 
yivdvvsvGS7ca id 76 yr^orniara yen ai xpvyai. yai 7vi6v7sg fisv 
fioXiv sqi&aQiAsinjv naQaXa^6v7sg T^g sntiia Ttgoaodov, dt r^v layvo- 
fASV, 70 Xoinov 07£Q}]G£a\}£j GqjaXt'yTsg ds noXsiAiovg TtQog foig 
vnaQiovGiv s'^ousv ya] ov iqovov roTg vvv yadsajijyoai dti F-^dqoTg 
dvOiGiaGdai, 70ig olysioig ^vfiixd^oig TToXef-i/jGOfisv, XL. ovyovv 
dn TiQodsivm sXnida ovts Xoycp niaTijv ovre )[Qijfxaoir cdrtii/p', oog 
^vyyrodUi]r d^aQTHV dvOQConivosg X/jipofTaL dyorrsg ^sv yaq ovy 
s^Xaxpai', sldoTsg ds ine^ovXsvGav' ^vyyvcofiov <5' S6zi to dyovawv. 
2. tyd) i-isv ovv ycii tois 7iQm70P yal vvv dra^udy^Ofiai. firj fisrayv&rai 
vfidg 7 a niodtdoyfisva, fiijds tqigI 7oTg d^viAcpOQmrdzoig zl^ d^y^fj. 
oi'yzci) ya] 7]dov7j Xoycov yal intetyeia, diiaQ7dvsiv, 3. slsog zs ya^ 

Hosted by 


LIB. 11. CAP. XLI. XLIl. 141 

^QOi rovg o^oiovg dfyaxiog avrididoadaty kui ^w// TtQog tovg ovx 
avtoivatovvTag e^ avdy}i'f]g te Y^adeaj^rag asi nol^i^iiovg ' oi te 
ri-pnoi'ieg Xoycp QrjiOQtg t^ovai 'Aai ev alXoig tXaaaoaiv a^'co^ct, ncu 
H'rj Iv q) ■}) IJ8V nohg ^Qayja IjaOstaa fiByalu UifAicoaEjaiy avroi. 
de iy. tov ev sintiv to Tiadeiv sv avzilfixpovTar 'aui y STneixtioi 
HQog 7ovg fj,tlXorzag innrfiHovg y.(U to Xoinov sosGd-fu fxaXXov 
di'doTcu }j T/Qog TOvg ofioiovg rs, xai ovdsv ijanov 77 oXsfiiovg vno- 
XsijTOfitrovg. 4. ev ds ^vpsXojv Xtyco, TTSidofitvoi fisr ^uo) rd rs 
dixaia ig MviiXri'paiovg kui. ra ^vfAcpoga afxa Tzoi/jaaiSj aXXcog ds 
yvorreg roig f/sp oh '/^agislaOs, vfidg ds avtovg fidXXov dixaiojasdOs. 
bl yuQ omot OQOcog dTTsaTrjaav, vfAsTg av oh XQSoov dQ^oirs. si ds 
d-f] xat oh TiQoayxov Ofioog d^tovrs rovio d()dv, Traqci to slxog tgi 
>iai. tovads h'fiqjoQOjg dti yoXd^ea&ai, ?] Tiavsadai rrj-g dgy/ig nai. 
SK TOV dxirdvrov drdQayadiL^sa&ai, 5. ztJ 7S avirj trj^uia «|/co- 
aars afivraaO^af, xai ^rj dvaXyqtorsQOi 01 diacpsvyovrsg i:(hv sni- 
(hvXsv(jdpTC07^ (parr-rai, svOviAijdsvzsg^ a sixog yv amovg Tzoitjaai 
KQiZxriaarzag 'i^ficov, dXXcog re xai nqovnuq\avxag ddmiag. 6. iid.- 
Xiara ds ol fir/ tvi' nQocpdasi iivd Kanajg noiovvTsg STTshtQXOVTat. 
yta] dioXXvpzai, rev xcvdvpov vcpOQcofASPOi rov vnoXsinOfASVOV 
e)(^{)^Qov. 6 yciQ lAfj ^up dvdyx\i ri TiaOoov '/aXsnojrsQog diaqwycov 
TOV dno T^g '/(Djg i)[0QOv. 7. fiy ovv riQodoTai ysvijGds vfioof 
avrcop, yspo/.isroi, d' on. ^yyviaici tj} ypcDfirj tov niKsyup yai cog 
7700 navTog av liif,i)](jci6ds avxovg xsifjcoaaadai^ vvv dvranodors 
w?/ liaX'cxiGOtvTsg TZQog to naQOv avrixa fujds tov STzrAgsfxadO^spTog 
nors dsivov df/rr^ixovovvTsg. 8. xoXaoaTS ds a^icog rovTovg ts xai 
ToTg dXXoig ^vfifuv/^org 77aQddsiyf(a aaq:sg KaraaTr^GaTS, og dv 
dcp(GT7]Ta(, dapaTO^ t^rijjucoao^svov. Tods yaQ rfv yvmaiv, fjGGOv 
7(DV TioXsfiicop dfieXijGavTsg ToTg vjueztQoig avToov (ia^si^ds ^vii- 

XLL Toiavia fisv 6 KXecov sJns. fASTa d avrov /liodoiog 6 
Eh'AQdrovg^ hansQ xal ip Ty nQOTSqa ixxXrjGta dvTFXsys fxaXtGTa (itj 
dnoxTsTvai MvriXqvaiovg, naQsXOoov xai tots slsys Tocads. 

XLil. Ovre TOvg TiQodsvTag t^v diayvm^ii]v av&ig nsQi Mvii- 
Im'aiojp (UTtojfiai, 0VT8 TOvg (iSf^icpofisvovg /^r/ TZoXXaxig 77SQ( toop 
usyiormv ^ouXsvsadai lnaiv(^, 'POfii^Cfi ds duo Ta ivavridxaTa ev- 
^ovlia shaiy Ta^og tb aal OQyfiv, cov to (asv i^isid dvoiag cpiXei yiyvs 

Hosted by 


142 eoTKTAiAor ATrrpAcPux 

od^ca, ro ds [iara aTzaidevaiag xal ^qayvTrirog yv(6[xr]g, 2. tov$ ti 
Xoyovg hang diaudyeraL fxrj didaaxdXovg rcov 7tQay^dr(x}V yiyvead^ai^ 
'ij d'Evv^tog l(sriv tj idia ti avTat diaq)e(jei d^vfezog ^sv, el dXXcp rivi 
IjytTrat tteqI 70v (.ikXlovrog dvvarov that y^ai fxf] 8fiq)avovg cpgdcsaf^ 
di(iCfS()6i S' avTw, El ^ovloiAsrog ri ala^Qov nuacu ev ^sv eiTisTv ovx 
(Iv iiyHiai tt^qI tou ft// y.aXov dvvaG\^a(, ev ds dia^aXcov sxTiXri^ai 
av Tovg Ts dvreQovviag kcu 70vg dxovuouerovg, 3. yaXenmiaTOi, 
de ol ini iQi'iixaai TiQoayiaTTjyooovvreg hnidEi^ip riva. ei [asv yaQ 
dfAadiar KajrjTimvTo, 6 fXTj Tzsicsag d^vveTcozeQog dv do^ag eivai 7j 
ddcxo378Qog dTTsycoQsi . ddiKiug 5' micfBQO^evrig neiaag Tt vnonjog 
ylymca^ yuu firj Tvyoov (JiErd d^vveGiag >ial adiKog. 4. ?] 7S noXig 
ovK cocpeXsiTai iv zm Toiqids' q)6^cp yaQ dTToaieQEirai rcjv ^vfiBov- 
Xcor. Kal TrXeTai dv ogdo'cro ddwdrovg Xiysiv syovaa rovg ro' 
ovtovg 7C0V TToXiTcov' iXdytata ydo dv TTSicsO^siyaav dfAanidpstv. 
5. yQrj ds 70V fxsv dyadhv noXlrriv fxr] iycfo^ovvra Tovg dvtEQo'vviag 
dXX dno 70V iGov q:aivs60ai dfiEivov Xtyovra^ rr/v ds GOdcpQova ;io- 

XlV 7m 78 7lXsi<57a 8V [^Ov7.8VOV7i },li] 77 QOdtldtVUl Tl^rjV, dXXd jJlTid^ 

iXaaaovv .7ijg vTiaQyovarjg 70v ixq zi^ovzcc, yvw^rig ovy onodg 
^r^lAiovv dXXd fj,7]d^ dnud^siv. 6. oirco yaQ o 7S yarooOwv tjy.iG7a 
dv sm 7Q) hi ^ei^ovoov dhov(y\)ai naqa yvojfiriv 7i yai nqhg idqiv 
Xsyoiy 78 in] 8ni7vypv OQsyoiro 7(x) avicp yaQi^oiASvog 7i yiai avtog 
TiQoadysodai ro jiXydoc. XLIII. cov ijfM,tig 7dvav7ia dQODfASv, %ai 
TTQaahi, yv 7ig Kai vnonzsvrjrai asQdovg (asv arsxa, r« ^sX7iG7a 8' 
ofAcog XsysiVj cpdovi]aav7eg 77Jg ov ^e^a^iov doxrjcjsayg 7cov y.sqd^v, 
7?]v cpavEQav ^cpsXsiav zr^g noXscog dqjaiQOVf^s&a. 2. yya&sarrjys 
ds zdyad^df dno tov sv&sog Xsyoixsva^ firjdsv avv7T07T7078Qa sivai 
7mv 'Aayimv, oacjTe dscv ouomg zov re rd dsivozara ^ovXofxsvov nsi- 
aai, dTid7ri nQOGaysad^ai 70 nXrid'og^ xac 70v rd df/sivoj Xtyovza, 
xpsvadiisvoVj 7no7ov ysvsa&at. 3. fAovtjv ts noXiv did 7dg mroivolag 
8v Tzoitiaai SK zov TtQOopavovg fii] 8'S,ana7ri6av7a ddvva70V' o ydo 
didovg q)av8Qwg 7i dyad^ov dvd^vnoTzzsvsrai dq)ocv^g ttt] nXsov steiv. 
4. yi^Qrj ds TTQog ra fisyiGTa, Kal iv rd) 7oicpds d^iovvri, rjiAag nsQai- 
7SQ(o fTQOvoovvrag Xsysiv vuwv zdiv di oXiyov axoTTOvrrcov, aXXo^g 
78 y,al vnsvd-vvov r^^ naQaiveaiv syovrag TZQog dvsv&vvov r^y vfis- 
7'^Qav dxQoacnv. 5. d y^'^i) .-> rs nsiaag kou 6 iTzianoixsvog ofioimg 
iHXdntovro, (So^cpQoviarsQOV dv ixQivezs. vvv ds nqog oQy^v ijvztva 

Hosted by 




ovTSf xai oh rag vftstsQag avicoi', el nollai ovoai ^vpt^/jfAagtoi', 
XLIY. iyoD ds naoJil&op ovzs dvzsQOJv ttbqi MvTil7]Taicov ovti- 
'^azriyoQ/^aocfV. ov yuQ neqc trig ly.dv(x3v adixiag rj^uv 6 ayoov, ai (rm 
q>i)0iwvfisv, alia nagl rrjg iiptezeQag ev^ovXiag. 2. fjv rs yaQ ano 
Cjirivco ndrv ddiKOvvrag aviovg, ov did tovzo y,ai dnoy.tuvai xel.ev- 
(jco, el /i// '^v^qeQO'P ' i]v tb xai f/^ovteg ti ^vyyvcofitjg ehv, el ry noXei 
lu'i dyad-Qv (jpaiVorTO. 3. 5'0,u/fco be nsQi lov ^eXXo'^rog rjfAag fidX- 
Xot^ ^ovXevea&af tj rov naQoviog. xai rovro o fiaXiGra KXeojv lc>iv- 
Qi^erai eg to Xoinov ^vfiCfeQov eaeod^ai nQog to ijaoov dcpiaiaodai 
daruTOv ^mxiav TiQodeTai, 'a(u aviog neqi rov eg to fxeXXor ytaXcog 
eyovtog dvtiO'^vQi^oiievog tdvavrla yiyiw^xco. 4. xal ovx d^tco 
v}idg 70} ei'TTQenei tov exeivov Xoyov to y^QijJifAOv tov efiov d.nmGa- 
GOat. dixawteQog yaQ ojv avtov o Xoyog TtQog frjv vvv v^eieQav 
OQyriv eg MvttXijnyJovg tdya dv eniandaaito ' tjfjLelg da ov dixal^n- 
f^ieOa TTQog aviovg^ mare tm> diKumv deiv, dXXd ^ovXevofie&a TzeQi 
avtcoVj OTTdog yQriaiiAOjg e%ov6{v. XIjY. iv ovv taig TioXeai noX- 
X&y davdtov (^tjfua nqoyMtca ovk lacov tqide dXX iXanoovcov 
diiaQTijfiaTwv ' Ofxwg de, ti] eXnlbi anaiQoiievoi, yjpdvrevovai aai 
ol'deiX^ nco, yarayvovg savzov (^tj ne^ieaeaOai tm eTTi^^ovXevfiatt, 
7]Xdtv eg TO deivov. 2. TioXig te drpiOTaiAev)] tig tzco iiaaod trj do- 
•aijaei eyovaa triv naQnaxevip )} olxelav tj dXXmv ^v^ifAcr/^io, lovicp 
i7reyeiQ7]08 ; 3. 7req)vxaGi te dnavteg >iai. idfa, yen. df]fiooia dfia^- 
tdvetv^ yai ovx sGri. rof^og oatig dneiQ^ei tovrov, enei dit^eXrjXv- 
■&aaL ye diu naamv tojv ^iif^mv ot dvOqconoi nQOGziOevteg, etnojg 
7]GG0V ddrAoTvto vno toov aanovgycov. yai eixog to naXai tcov f^e- 
yiGTODv dbiyri^dtwv f^aXaxcoteQag yeToQai avzdg, naQa^atvo^evmv 
de tqt x^^oK^i 4* ^'ov ddvatov at noXXa) dvi'iyovat * yai, lovro ojjojg 
TtaQa^alvetai. 4. tj toivvv deivotegor ti lovzov dtog evQeteov 
iuzlv -rj tode ye ovdev eniGyei, dX7l ij {Aev nevla drdyyrj tijv toX^mv 
7zaQexov(ya, i] d' i^ovoia v§qei tijv nXeoveliav yiu qiQorrniaxi, ai 
8' dXXai ^vfTvyiai ogytj tav dv&QcoTrmv, ag exdatij tig xattjeiai 
V7t dniKtazov tivhg yQeiGGOvog, e^dyovatf eg tovg yndvrovg. 5. j] 
ie eXmg yai b egmg em navtl, 6 fiev 7]yov^evog, rj d' iq)e7TO^sv7], 
y,ai 6 (Aev 7f]v em§oXriv eacpQOvrii^cofj t] 8e tijv evnoQiav trig tv^g 
inon&eiaa nXe'iQta ^Anzovai, xai ovra dq)avri xQeiaam iatl tow 

Hosted by 


bgoofiefCDv deivcov. 6. xai. ^ rv)(^7] m avzoTg ovdtv 'ilaaaov ^vfi^d),- 
lezai £c TO enatQevv ' ddoxrjrafg yag 'iariv ore TzaQiarafitrt^ aai en 
rav vnods£GTt'Qcov xtpdvvsvstv rivcc nqodyei^ xai ov"^ ijoaov tag no- 
?>.tig, offcxi TTSQi, Toov fAsyiiSicoVj eXsv\}eQiag rj aXXcov aQ^^g, yiai fiera 
ndvTOJV 8xa6tog aXoyiaroog int. nXiov ii avTov iSo^aoev. 7. anXmg 
Ts ddvvazov xat noXXTjg nridsiaQ, oazis oierai rrjg dvd^gcoTzeiag 
q.vGEcog oQi^iOJ/iSPijg nQoOvfiGyg zi Trga^cu dnoTQonriv nva iieiv r] 

i'OiiCOV IG'^VI 7] aXXcp 70p deiTOJ. XLYI. OVKOVP ^Qf] OvrS TOV da~ 

vdrov Ti] ^rjiJiLa mg ixeyyicp niazevaavrag^ X^^QOv ^ovXsvaaa&ai, 
0V7S arsX7Zi670v xaraarrjaai toTg anoaraGiv^ wg ovx 'iaiai fisra- 
yvoSvai^ xai on iv [iQa^vTiitcp iqv dptagiiav xaiaXmai. 2. axs- 
ipaad^s yag ozi vvv [n'r, yv zig yau dTjoGzaaa noXig yt'q) fAij negi- 
6G0fi8VTj, sXpoi av eg ^vu^aoiv dvvazi] ova a tzi zip dandvriv dno- 
dovvai xal zo Xoittov vnozaXsiv ' sxeirojg dt ziva ohad^s, 7]vnra 
ovx dfieipor (xev y vvv Tzagaoxevdaaa at, noXiogxia re nagaztvei- 
G&at ig zovayazor, el zo avzo dvvazai 6xoXrj xal za^v ^vfA^'ijvai ; 
3. timTv zs 7t03g ov ^Xd^i] banavdv xadmiivoig did zo dt,v^^azov, 
HCii rjv eXoofiev rzoXiVj sqid'agfA,sv}]v nagaXa^uv xai z'^g Tigooodov 
zo XoiTTov an avzrjg aztgsd&ai ; layvo^^v ds ngog zovg noXefiiOvg 
rwds. 4. ware ov dixaazdg ovzag del ij^iag iidXXov zwv e^aftag- 
ravovzcQv dxgi^eig ^XdnzeaOai^ t] bgdv onojg ig zov eneiza ^govov 
fiezgicog xoXd^ovzeg^ zaig noXeaiv e^Ofxev ig XQVM'dzodv Xoyov iayy- 
ovaaig xgfj(y&c^f, J^«' 7?/^ q)vXaxriv fAtj dno zoov vofiojv zijg deiv6zt]zog 
a^iovv noieiad^ai, aXX dno zwv egywv zijg inifisXsiag. 5. ov vvv 
rdvavzia Sgorvzegf yv ziva iXev&egop xal ^ia dg^ofievop, eixozag 
ngog avzovofiiav dnoazdvza, x^igwamfie&a, x^iXenmg oiofxe&a ^gV' 
vai zifiojgeia&ai. ^Q^ ^^ ^oic iXev&egovg ovx, dcptazafA,evovg, (T(jpo- 
dga xoXd^eiv, dXXd ngiv dnoazTJvai aqiodga qjvXdaaeiv xal ngoxaza- 
Xapi^dveiv, onwg fA7]d^ ig inivoiav zovzov icoai, xgazfjaavzdg zs ozi 
in iXd^KTZov zrjv air lav iniq}bgeiv. XIjYII. v^eig ds axexpaads 
oaov av xai zovzo dfiagzdvoize KXecovt neid^o^evoi. 2. vvv fxev ydg 
vfiTv dJjfiog iv ndaaig zaig noXeaiv evvovg iazi, xal 7] ov ^vvacpi- 
(jzazai zoTg oXiyotg, rj iav ^laadfi vnag^ei zoTg dnoaziqaaai noXs(Aiog 
8v&vg, xai z-ijg dvzixadiaza^ivrig noXeojg zo nXrj&og ^v^Jifxay^ov s^ov- 
zeg ig noXe^iov insgxea&e. 3. ft 8s diacpO-egetze zov br^Jiov zov Mv- 
ziXijvamv, og ovze ixezioie zljg dnoazdaeoog, ineidrj te onXoop ixgd • 

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rag muvovrsgy irtHra ^iaraGnjaete rocg ^vrarotg rmv avd^QContov o 
^ovXovjiu udX(6Ta' acpiatavTbg yag rag noXsig, tov dq^iov tvdvg 
^vuiAayov E^ov6if TTQodet^dvroiv v^m> t^v aviriv ^rijAiav TOig ts adi- 
xovaiv oiioicog ^sla&cu x«J joig firi. 4. dti ds xal tl rfiUriauv ^jj 
nQoanotsiG&ai, oncog o fiovov rj^lv m ^v^iia^ov laii ^7] TToltfuor 
yt'ri]7ai. 5. xai zovzo noXlqt ^v^cpoQODZBQOv f/yov^iai eg trjv y.a- 
de^iv T:7]g oLQjJjg, uxovzag -fjfAdg dd(Kf]dl]vai ij diyaioog ovg fA,tj del 
diaqtOtiQai' 'Aal ro KXtcofog to avro ^Uaiov aai. ^i^cpoQOv rtjg 
TtfAOjQiag ov)[ evQiaKszai iv avrdp dm'arhv hv afAa yiyveadai. 
XLVIII. vfAHg ds yt'ovjsg dfASiPco rdde thai y.a) (Afire orAZCp nXi- 
ov reifAayteg |U/// Inmxua, olg ovds iyob ioo nQo^dyeaOai, an av- 
jav ds roov naQaivov^iiicxiv, ndd^s^ds (xoi Mv7iX?]vai(X)p ovg fxsf 
Tld'^rig d/TBTrefiipsv cog ddrAovvrag AQivai xaO' ijav^lav^ tovg ^' 
aXXovg sdv oly.tiv. 2. rd^de yaQ 'ig re ro fitXXov dyad^a aai, roTg 
TioXiriuoig Tjd)] cpo^eQa' hang yaQ ev ^ovltverai nQog rovg ivavri- 
ovg yQEi.aaoov iarlv rj fiet sgycov hyvog dvoia mmv. 

XLIX. Toiavra ds o /Jiodorog fins. ^7]d8i6cor ds roov yvco- 
fiojv rovtodv fidXiara di>rindX(ov nQog dXXrjlag ol ^A&qvaloi rjX&op 
ixsv sg dyava oiACog r7]g do'^rjg yau sysvorro sv rrj "/^siQorovla dyyim- 
fiaXoij ixgdiyas ds i) rov /jltodorov. 2. rQiriQij shdvg dXXtjv 
dnsarsXXov y.ara anovdtjp, onoog (Ai] (pda(yd(J7]g rTjg dsvrsQag sv- 
QcoGt dfEcp&aQfAst'7]r rtjr noXiV nqosX'fS ds r^ASQa Kal pvkiI fxdXi- 
ara. 3. naQaoy8vaodvr(x)v ds rap MvriXrivaimv nQSG^smv rrj ft]} 
olvov yai dXcptra yai fxsyaXa vnoaioiisvcov, si q)&daai8v, sysvsro 
onovd)] rov nXov toiavr?], co6re fjdOiov rs, aua iXavvovTsg, oivcp 
aal eXaicp aXq^ira nsq)VQaiJisva^ xai ot fAsv vnvov fiQovvzo xarcc 
fjiegog, ol ds yXavvop. 4. Kara rv)[f]v ds npsiff-iazog ovdsvog hav- 
riwOhzog, nat rlqg fxsv ngorsgag t'Sag ov ^novdrj nXeovarjg sni 
nqdy^ia d7X6y.ozov^ ravrrig ds roioviip rgonop insiyofisrrjg, i) fisv 
s(p&aoE rooovzop oaoi Tld-^rira dveyvcoKSvai ro \pr}cpd6iJia, xai fisX 
Xsiv dgdociv za dtdoyiASpa, ?/ 5' vGzsQa avzr/g snrAaraysrai nat 
disxdXvas pii] diaqjOsiQai.. naod roaovzov fisv y MvKXrjvi] 7]X&s 
Hivdvvov, L. rovg d' dXXovg drdQag ovg 6 Ud/jjg dnsnsiixpsv co^ 
xlzicotdzovg ovrag rljg dnodzdasojg KXs-o^vog yvw^r} ditqj&sigav ol 
^Adrjvaioi' fjoav ds oXiyqi nXsiovg y^iXlmv. 'Aai MvnXr^vaioov reix^i 


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146 eoTKTjijOT zrrrPA^H^. 

yiad^^nXov aai vavg Txagtla^or. 2. vateQov d^ q)6(}0P /■<■/ ova hcc" 
^av ^di-G^loig, xl.^Qovg ds Jioujaavzsg zljg y7]g, nlj^v ri.g Mf^O'v- 
fj.vaicovj TQiG/iliovg TQia-AoaiGvg iitv tolg dtoig imovg i'^tiXov, sr/l 
ds 70 vg aXXovg acpoop avrav xXijQOv^/^ovg rovg XayjrvTag d/ztnefi- 
\pav' olg aQyvQiov jlta^ioi la^afxevoi rov kXtJoov ixdarov lov In- 
avTOv dvo [Avag cp^oi^iv, avzoi eiQyd^opio zhfP pjv. 3. na^tXa^ov 
bs 'Aoi 7a iv 71] rjTTtiQm 77oXi6fia7a ol "^drjvaioi 06o:>v MviiXijvuiOi 
ixQaiovr, 'Aai vnri'AOvov var^Qov Adr^vaiodv. toj ^sp xacd yita^op 
ovjcog sytreto. 

LI. 'Ev 8s 7(X) aviqi dbQSi (Atzd rr]p ylta^ov izXaoiv ^AifiivaiQi, 
Niyuov 70V A^rAtjQaiov OTQazr^yovpzog, ^xyTQmsvaav inl Mitojuv 
7i]p v7]60Vj tj xeitai tjqo Mtyd{)03P' ^-^q^vto ds avifi nvQyov fvoi- 
yyo8ofiijGap7sg ol Mtyaorjg cfQOV()iqy. 2. efjovXsJO ds NiAiag 7\v, 
qjvXax^jP avzoOep di^ iXaaaopog 70ig AOtjvaioig, acu fit] dno jov 
BovdoQOv ytiu 77]g JEaXaixlvog shai, 70vg zs ntXonorprjaiovg, oircog 
fit] Tioi&i-pTcu SKTiXovg av7pdsv Xav\}dpov78g 7Qit]ocop 78, oiov xai 
70 ttqIp ysvouspov, nai Xyazap sxTiOfATtaig, roTg 7S MsyaQsvoiv liiia 
fajdev lanXtiv. 3. sAoo/^ ovv dno 7r^g Ni6aiag 7tq6o70p dvo nvQycx) 
7ioo^'fOV7S ixYiiavalg ix {)aXd(76}]g, nal tov sanXovv sg 70 n&iaiv 
77Jg vriiiov iXsvdsgcocfagf dnszsiiit^s to Ik JTJg tjtisiqov^ y xazd 
yscpvQav 8(a zsvdyovg eni^oridsia tfP rjj vi](y(p, ov ttoXv disyoixyri 7fig 
rjnstQOv. 4. (hg ds 70vio s^siQydaupzo sv rnuQcug oXiyaig, vgts- 
Qov dq Aai iv 77j frjGcp zstyog eyAa7aXi7Z(x)v xai cfQOVQav dftyojQrjas 
7(X) a7Qa7^i. 

LIl. 'Tno ds 70vg avzovg yjovovg rov dsQOvg zovrov xa] ol 
TIXa7airjg, ovxsn 'iy^ovztg ahov^ ovds dvvdiASvoi noXiOQAStoOai, '^v- 
pt^fjaav 7(ng UsXonovvrialoig joimds zQorrcp. 2. TZOoat'^aXov ah- 
7(^p Tft5 Tsiysi, 01 ds ova sdvvavzo a[ivvsG&ai. yvovg ds o Aaxs- 
daifAOPiog dqycop 7)]r aaOtvtiav av7(x>p ^la f.isv ova 8^ovXsto sXhp' 
EiQriiitvop yaQ l]v amcp ea, AaAtdal^ovog^ ono^g^ tl anovdai ylyvoiv- 
70 TZOTb 77Qog Adijvaiovg^ xai ^vyycaooiev oaa TioXb'ficp yojQia syov- 
OiP SAUTSQoi aTtodldoaOai, futj dvddorog sir] // TJXdzaia dig avioop 
sa6p7G)p TTQoayoifjriadprcop ' TiQocjntfiTTti ds avzoig ArjQvxa Xsyovza^ 
u ^ovXoP7ai TTCiQadovvai rriv noXiv SAorzsg zoTg AaAsdaifiOPiotg xai 
diKaa7aTg ixshoig y^QijaaaOai, zovg 7S ddUovg AoXd^ti/p^ Traqd dUri^ 
da ovd&va. 3. toaavta jxev 6 aiJQV^ smsv ' ol de, tjaav yciQ ^di] if 

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Tw aG&sveajdTc^j naqkdoaav triv noXiv. nat Tovg nXaraiJag trQe- 
qov 01 IJtlofTOvf'^aiOL ri^tqag tivdg, iv oacii oi sh tijg ^axtdai^oiog 
diyaxazaly ntvie avdQug, dcpUovzo. 4. iXi^ovTOJV ds avr&v xarfiyo- 
Qiii fAsv ovdsf^ia nQoeri:d^i], riQwroov ds avzovg S7n>iaXi-(jdfA,Evoi rooov- 
tov fiovoVy a 11 ylay^tdatuoviovg xai TOvg ^v{iftd](^ovg ir zco Ttolsficp 
TO) xa&i-arojii dyadov ii eigyaafAeiot siatv. 5, ol d^ eleyov, atnj" 
6dfxavoi (xaxQOTSQa tlnalv, >iai nQOtdiavrsg (Jcp&v avz(5v 'Aatvi-ia- 
l6v zs 70V AacoTToXdov nai Ad'Acova lov 'AeifiVfjaroVf ttqo^svov 
ovza Aaxedaiiioricov> xai IneXd^ovieg eXeyov zoidde. 

LIII. Tijv fisv Ttagddoaiv iiijg 7i6X8(og, co ylaKedaifiovi.oi, ni- 
Gzsvaavzeg vfiiP snoitjad^tS^a, ov 'TOidvds dmrjv oiofjievoi vq)t%etv^ 
voin^coz^QCiv de iiva sGead-ai, nai iv drAaazcug ovk iv aXXoig ds- 
^dfievoii do67T8Q Aai iafisv, ysvsad^ai r/ v^ii\ f^yovfievot to laov ^.id- 
Xi6z dv (ftQsadai. 2. vvv 8s q)o^ovfis{}a fiij dfxqioTSQcov aua tjfxaQ- 
z^KaiA,ev' tov is ydg dyoora ^tQl zmv dstvozdzcov thai tiaozoog 
vnoTizsvo^sv aai vfidg iju] ov aoivoi dno^qze, zsA^aiQOfj^svoi ttqO" 
HartjyoQiag rs rjfiojv ov 7iQoysys'P7]fisr7jg y ^q/j dvxsmslv, dXX avzot. 
Xoyov riTi]ad[xe&a, to is infQcozr^fja ^Qci)[v ov, cp id [j,sv dXri\}7] 
aTzoKQivaax^ai ivaviia yiyvsiai, id 8s xpsySlj 'iXsyiov iysi, 3. nav- 
raiod^sv 8s drtoQOi •Aa&saziXizeg dvayxa^OfAe^a dacpaXsazsgov 
8oxEi that slnovrag ri xivSvvsvsiv ' xai yuQ 6 fxr} Qrjdsig Xoyog 
toTg co8^ t][ova(v alziav av Tzagday^oi cog si iXsi^q, acori]Q(og dv r^v, 
4. yaXsncog ds sisi tj^Tv TZQog zoig dXXoig rj ntidd. dyvojztg 
lAsv yuQ ovzsg dXXyXcov STZSixjeveyad^svoi ^aQzvQia cov dnsiQoi r/zs 
coq)sXovfAsd^ dv vvv 8s ngog eidorag ndvta XeXs^srai, 8s8i^sv 
ovil fA.rj TiQoxazayvovzsg 7]^cov zdg dgsrdg i]6Govg sivcu zcov v^xszi- 
ocov syxXT]ua avzp ttoiJjzs, dXXa ^q aXXoig ydgiv cpsQovzsg sni 8is~ 
yrco6fitvf]v ygiaiv iiadiG7c6fA.s&a. LdV. naQsyofASroi 8s ofiojg a 
fyofisv 8ixaia nqog zs zd 0t]^aicov 8idq)0Qa xal sg vfidg yai rovg 
aXXovg EXXrjvag rav sv 8s8Qaa^svcov vnof^vijaiv Tiotrjaof/eOa xac 
nsidsiv TtaiQaaofiS&a, 2. cpafASv ydg rigog zo ^goorrji/a zo ^Qccyv, 
si' Ti Aaxs8atiAOviovg kuI zovg ^umuiyoug sv zqj nolsam zcods dycir 
dhv TTsnodjyociJLSv, Si fisv d}g TtoXefuovg SQcoTazs, ovy, d8iKtl'aOat 
vfAag fxt] sv Tiadovzag, cpiXovg 8s vofuXopzag avzovg dfAaozdvsiV 
\xdXlov zovg Tipdv sni<3ZQa7Svaavrag. 3. zd 8^ sv rfi slgrivri aai 
TTQog TOP MijSov dyad 01 ysysvij^sdaj rrjv (ih ov Xvaavrsg 'vvv 

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148 eoricrJiJOT :E:rrrPA0ii2. 

nQOTSQOi, Tw de '^vveni&^ixevoi tots Ig slev&eQiav ijjg 'ElXddo^ 
liovoi Boi(x)7bSv. 4. Kcu yccQ rjTTaiQooTiu re ovitg sraviia'/^riaafxev 
in ^^QTEixiGLC^y, M-(^XV "^^ '^V ^^ '^fl W^'^^Q^ 711 y^t^OfAtinj vxaatysvo' 
lusOa vfup rs iuu riavGavia' tt Tt ri dXXo xar iHthov xov yQO- 
for iysfsro inixirdvvop Toig '^El)j]6(, Tidvrcov nciQa bvva^iv fiHTt- 
axoi^ev 5. v^lv, oo ydaxtdaifAmwiy iSia, ois ntg dlj jLityiarog 
q)6^og 7rc(jih67i] zr/v ^naQTijv fjieta top atiauov jojp eg ^Idomifv Ei- 
XojTOJV ccTToaT^dv^oov, TO jQiiov fxb'Qog TjfA^oov avtcjv i^STTSiAxpa^uev eg 
mrAOVQiav ' mv ovk eixog dixvijfxoveiv, LV. xal rd fASv naXixia {leywia tmovioi ri^icoaafup shai, nolt^ioi ds eyerouex^a vgzs- 
gov. vfxeig ds al'^^ioi' deofitrcov ydg ^vfAiAa)(^iag ots Qij^aloi rjfAag 
e^idaavto, vjabi^ aTzecoaaads kol TZQog ^Ad'tjvaiovg ixsXsmts tqcl- 
nsad^ai cog iyyvg Ivtag, vf^ojv ds fxaxQccr dnoiKOvvrojv. 2. ev fxef- 
roi T(p TzoXefiqj tvdsv ey,nQsns6xeQ0v vnh r^iiGiv ovxs. enddszs ovra 
BfxsXlfiGars. 3. ai d" dnoGTTJvai. ^Adrivamv ovk ridslri6a^ev v(X03V 
}isXev6dvT(ov^ ovx rfiixovixsv ' kol yccQ ixeivoi i^o/i&ovv tj^ip ipavTia 
Q}]^(uoig Die v}it~,g dTTcoxpeiTSf y,al nQodovpai amovg ovyJzi r^v 
y^aXoPj aXXcog ts yai ovg sv Tiad^cov zig xai avrog dtofAsrog nqoat]- 
ydyezo ^vfi(A,d)(^ovg xai noXiztiag ixszeXa^sv, ievca ds eg za naqay- 
yEXXofiera sixog ?jp TTQoOvf^cog. a ds sydzsQoi iir^ysiaO^a roig ^vfi- 
fia)[oigy ov^ 01 STtOfxsvoi aitioi si ii (at] ytaXmg ioQccts, aXX oi ayovtsg 
inl id fxrj OQOoog s^orza. LVl. Qq^cdoi ds noXXd ^ih }ia\ dXXa 
fllidg TjdiK?]6av, to ds TeXsvraior avroi ^vpigts, di' anso idds 
TidayofxtP. 2. noXiP yaQ avrovg Trjv TjfxsztQav xataXaii^dpoprag 
sp 6nopdaig^ xai TT-Qoaszi iSQ0fit]piay ogOwg eriixodQtjciaiAsd^a, y.aia 
TOP ndai pouov aa&earmra, top sntovTa noXe^top ogiop si pen diiv- 
psodai, vvv ovx dv shoTcog di avtovg p.anTolasda. 3. si ydg 
Tcp avTiKa XQ^aiiio^ v^a^v ts xal ixsipmp TToXefAiq) to dUaiop Xij 
\j.)sa\)Sj Tov fASp OQd^ov q)apSLG&8 OVK dXr]\}sLg xQiiai oPTsg, to ds 
^vftcpSQOP iidXXop d^SQaTTSvovzsg. 4. xahoi si pvp cacptXifioi 
doKOvaip sJpaf, tzoXv koi rifisig koi. oi dXXoi 'EXX-)]psg ^idXXop tots 
0T8 SP lASifypi yipdvpq) tjts, rvp fisr yaQ STSQOig vfxsTg errsQ^sriOs 
dsipOL' sp SKSipq) ds zcp KaiQoi, ozs ndai dovXsiap eneq)SQSt b ^aQ- 
^(iQog, Olds fAST avTOV i](7ap. 5. yat diyaiov }]ia6dp Tijg vvp afAaQ' 
Tiag, si aQii 'i]fidQTi]Tai, dpzidsTpai zyp tots nQoOv^iav^ yal i^sl'C.m 
ZB TiQog eldaaoj svQrjaszs ya) ep yaigoTg oic (jndpwv rjv rmp 'EXXtj' 

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~^dov Ti^ra ugerr^i^ ttj aso^ov dvpdfiEi avriTo^aadaif tmjvovvto is 
uallov oi fuj TO, ^vficpoQa TiQog ryv scpodor ainolg aaqjaleia TZQaa- 
aovTsg, iOtloi'Ztg ds Tolfictp fA&ia 'Airdvfoov ta ^tlriGra. 6. oov 
fifing ys/pofisvoi, icai riiAridt-VTtg ig roc TiQcota, vvv inl zoJg avxoig 
dtdifxsv f.(fi diaq)da()(x>(ASP, ^Ad^ipaiovg ^lo^moi dc/Aimg fiallov rj 
v^iag 'AeQdaXtcog. 7. xaiioi iQq lavra ntQi Tav avr^v ouoimg 
qanHGdiii yiyrcoaxovTag, xai zo '^v{iq)tQOv ^// (iXXo ri I'ouicrai, ?/ 
Tcov ^vfAu(i)(^03i> 70ig aya&oig, orap ati ^t^aiov rqv idqiv rljg dgszijg 
'iiwai zo naQavTixa nov fifxiv mqiBh^wv Kad^iarrirai. LVIL 
'^QOc^ASxpaods TS oTt vvv fxsv 7iaQd8tiy}j,a toTg noXkoig imv 'EXX')]- 
porv dv^QayaOiag voiii^eads * ti 8s ttsqI yfAcov yvcoaaods fit] la 
ti'AO'ja, ov yoLQ d(pav^ XQivtTzs rrjv diarjv zi^vds, Inavvovi-ieroi ds nSQi 
old' fjficop fA^SfiTTTOov, oQazs OTTCog ftr] ovx d7Todt%(x)priu d'vdQcov dyu- 
'OcQv TTbQi avtovg dfxeivovg ovtag dnosnsg 7i STriyvoovai, ov8s TiQ^^g 
isQOtg 7oTg xoivotg (jxvXa dno fjfiojv tcov svsQysrcov trig 'EXXddog 
dvarsdl]vai. 2, dsivov ds do^si thai IJXdzaiav AaKcdat(Aoviovg 
nogOljaafy kcu rovg fisv natSQag dvaygdipai. ig tov TQinoba tov 
sv /leXcpoig 8i^ aQStriv ti^v noXiv, v\idg 8s in navthg tov 'EX- 
XijvrAOv 7zarorA7](yia did Orj^alovg s^aXsTxpai. 3. 4^ tovzo yag drj 
^vfiq)OQdg nQOKE^oiQrJKaiisv, oiziveg Mij8o:iv is ycQar')]6avTcov dnoX- 
XvfAsday 'Aal vvv iv vfA.iv rotg ttqiv qiXrdzotg Oq^aiow 7/(76 cofAsd-aj 
'Aiu duo dymvag rovg fxsylaxovg vnsaTrifisv, tots fisv, irjv noXiv si 
uij nciQidofxsv, Xifiq) diacpdagyvai, vvv ds d^avdzov nQivea&ai. 4. 
'A(u TiSQiswGfisda VA Tidvzcov TlXaTmijg ol TtaQa 8vvafxiv nQO&vfioi 
ig Tovg ^'EXXr/vag SQrjfJioi aoi dzifA(»Q7jzoi' xar ovrs zmv zozs ^vfi- 
ud^mv d)(pEXsi ov8eig, vfxsig zs, co Aa'As8aifi6vioi, 'rj fiovr] ?Xnig, 
8b8ifisv fiTj ov ^s^czioi. 7]7S. LVIII. yiciizot d^iovfiev ye, Kai, -Oe^v 
hsAci zoor ivfXfiairA(^v nozs ysvofAsrcov, >icu zjjg doszTJg zijg sg 
zovg '^EXX'tjvag xafiq)dijvai vfidg xai fiszayvrnvai si zi vno Srj^aicov 
insiaOt/TS, z/jv zs 8aiQedv dvraTTaizijcjai avzovg fi)] atsIvsiv ovg fAtj 
ifiiv irQsnsi^ aoocpQovd zs dvzi alaxQdg xofiiaaadai ynQiv, xai. fiti 
iidovtjv dovrag dXXotg yAVAiav avzovg dvztXa^siv' 2, ^Qotiv yaq zo 
zd fifitzsQa o(6fiiX.Ta diacp&siQaiy ininovov ds zijv dvayXsiav avzov 
dqaviaa^.. oly. iiOgovg ydo rjfidg slxozcog zifxcoQrjasa&s, aXX sv-^ 
povg, 'Aitz dvdyAt]v TJoXspir/aavzag, 3. ojazs xai z^hv ocofAazmv 
%8siav noiovvzsg oGia dv dixd^otz^ i<al nqovoovvrsg^ ozi SHOVzag 

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150 eoTKTJiJOT srrrPAdiHs. 

7fi iXd^STS xal x^tQCiQ TTQOia'^oiA.ivovg^ o ds I'Ofxog roig EXhjai ui] 
Hteiveiv tov-rovg, hi ds kcu avagyhag ytysvri^ivovg dia TiavTog. 

4. aTTopJipars yaQ eg nar^Qo^v 7,mp vfisisoojv drfAag, ovg, ano- 
^^avoviag vno Mr^dcov xal zacptvtag Iv tj} iji^STtQa, kifimfibp 
^ara hog sxaarov dt]pioaicc iaOrjuixat ts xai. xoTg alXoig rofu- 
fioig, oaa ts tj ylq r^fACov avsdidov wQcua^ Tidizoov anaQiag Enh 
cpsQOfrsgy svvoi fxsv ix cpillag icoQug, t,v^iiia'^oi ds ofiaixf^oig nois 
ys-vo\iivoig, cov v^islg rovravtiov av dQctacats, fH] oQdwg yvovzsg. 

5. OKSxpaads ds' Uavaaviag fxsr yccQ s&anrsv avtovg 7>oiiii,cov sv 
y?J re cpilia Ti&srai Tiag avdQaai roiovioig ' v^jisig ds si 
psirs TjfAag xal x^Qav rrjv UXarauSa Of]^aida noiriasrs, ii alio 
TJ iv Ttolsixia rs xal Tzaga toig avdsvtaig Trarsgag rovg vfius- 
Qovg aal ^vyyspsTg, arifxovg ysQav cov vvv laiovoi, yiaralsi^psrs ; 
TTQog ds aal yijv iv fj ijlsvO^SQcod^rjaav ot ""EXltjvsg doulcoasrs, Ugd 
ts 'dsoov oig sv^dfASvoi Mtjdcov ixQazijGciv iQij^ovts, nm dvaiag 
tag natQiovg t^v iaaafASvoov xa] xtiadpzcov dcpaiQi'iOsads. LIX. 
ov TTQog ti'ig v^STSQag do^tjgj co ^axsdaif^ovioif tads, ovrs ig ta 
y^oivd t^v 'EXlri'poov w^tpia xai ig tovg TXQoyovovg dfiaQtdveiv, 
ovrs Tjpidg tovg svegyirag, aXXorgiag svsxa s^Ogag^ ^aj avtovg 
ddixrjd^ivtag, diaqi&sTgai^ cpsiaaGx^ai ds xai inrAXaadljvai ty yrcD- 
firi oiKtqi adcpgovi Xa^ortag, fty cov 7isia6fts&a ^ovov dsivotijta 
Hatavoovvtag, dXX oloi ts av ovteg Tzdd^oi^isv xai cog aGidOfxri' 
top 10 trig ^vfJLqjogdgf cpTivi not av xai dva^lm ^vfiTrt'o'oi. 2. 
tlfAsTg ts, cog ngmov TjfAiv xai cog rj /^fc/ot ngodysi, ahovfieO^a 
v^idg, '&sovg tovg o^o^cofiiovg xai. xoivovg tcov 'EXX)]varp ini^o- 
cofisvoiy TTsTaai tads, ngocpsgofisvoi ogxovg ovg ol natsgsg vfACJi 
Suocjav, fx)] d{AV7]iA0PSip, Ixhai yiypofJis&a v^odv t^p naxgoocov td- 
q}(op, xat snixaXovfAsda tovg xsxixri^iag (jUj ysvsa&ai vno Sij- 
^aioig fAr^ds toTg i^i^tcfTOtg cpiXtatoi ovteg nagadod^Tivai. t'lfxtgag 
ts avafxiiivqaxoiASv sxsivrjg, rj ta AafA-ngotaia fisr avicov ngat,av- 
7 eg, vvv iv tr^s td dsivorata ydvdvvsvoiisv nad^siv. 3. onsg dl 
dvayxGUov ts xa). i^Xsnc^tatov tolg cods sjovai, Xoyov tsXsvzdr, 
dioii xat lov [jiov 6 xivdvvog iyyvg fist avzov, Travofisvoi, Xsyofisv 
ifiq oti oh Grj^aioig TzagidofASv triv noXiv, slXo^sQa ydg dv jigo 
ye. lovzov 70) alayJaTop oXs&gqi Xi^^ tsXsvtJjoat, Vf/tv ds TTiaisvoaV' 
7 eg Tjgnai^lOojir.v va) dixaior, el [xrj tisiOoiisv, ig td avtd xara 

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ar^aavjag top ^vvTv^ovta yJvdvvov iaaai rj^ag avtovg sXsadau 

4. S7r(6y.i]nT0f(8v re afia fi/j, Tllaraiijg ovreg, ol TTQoOviioraTOi 
ti8qI Tovg 'EXh]V{xg yevo^arot, Qri^aloig, loig rifAiv B/Oiatoig, sk 
Tcop vnHztQmv )[6!Qcop niu jrjg vfitri-'Qag TTiaisaig, iKtiai ovisg, oo 
ylaxedai^6r(0(, naoadodJjvaiy yevtadai Ss GcotJiQag Tifxoov vuu [irj 
rovg allovg Elli]vag slevOeQovvrag tjfiag dioXsaai. 

LX. Toivivra ^sv at niazm'ijg htiov. ol ds Qr^^aioi deiaav 
reg nQog xov Xoyov avzwv ^i?] ol ylay.edai^ovioi ri irdcoai, TzaQsX- 
ddvTsg 8Cfa(jap xal aviol ^ovXeadai emm'^ eTTSidl] xai ixatvoig 
naqa yrmfnp rrjp avzmv ftaxQOTSQog Xoyog idoif^t] TTjg nqhg to 
8Q(6z7]fAa aTZOKQLGecog. G}g d ixsXp.vaav, sXeyov totads. 

LXI. Tovg f.i8P Xoyovg ovk av firtj^dfisOa eiTZHP, eI kcu amoi 
Boci'^bmg TO iQcorrjdh aneKqivaviOy aai j^irj im rjfxag rQanouevoi 
VAiTriyoQiav e7T0i}JGavT0, xat tieqi avrixtv e^co tojv TiQO'Aetii8vo3P, yau 
una ovde ijnafihiriv, noXXijv rt]v anoXoyliw, Kai. knaivov ojp ovdtig 
^lAt'fAXparo. vvv ds nQog fASv td avrtmEiv dti, roov ds iXsy^ov nou]- 
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152 eOTKTzil/lOr ZTTTPAfbllS. 

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uai ravta ovre axovreg s)(^ov7eg re Tovg vo^ovg omnsg ^^jQf' '^ov 
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154 eoTKTAiAOT srrrPAmii^, 

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LXYIII. Toiavta ds oi 07]^aioi elnov. ol bs Aa-At^aiiiovioi 
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6g jTjg Aia'^ov ijixaQzrixeaav, nXsov to vavTixov noiriGavrea ^ 

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rovg ixsl xazuTisfsvyotag nsiaopzag firidsp apmirrfiaiop n^daatip^ 

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vnmg fO] Tig miarQaq^q yevr^'zai, IjXXII. sXOopzcop dsy oi 
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iOficov ygaTijaaaa ?} dvdQionda cpvaig, eiooOvia xal naQa Tovg 
fo^Aovg ddtytiP, daidprj id/jXojasy dxQaTi]g fA.sp ogyrjg ov6a, ygeia- 
acop 88 TOV 8rAaf.0Vf noXejAia 8s tov nQovyoprog' ov yaQ dv tov 
TS oalov to Ti(A00QsT(jx)'ai nQOvtiO^eadv tov ts iitj d8iysiv to xsq- 
8ai.psiP^ ev ft) /i// ^XariTOVGav layvv siys to cp-dovsiv. dhovai rs 
TOvg yoivovg tieqI rmp toiovto3P oi ardQConot 'pofiovg, dcp cop ana- 
6iv eXmg vnoysiTai acpaXsiai xdv avtovg Siaaco^saO^ai, ev dXXaw 
TipicoQraig TTQoyaraXvsiv yai fx?] VTToXeinead^ai., ti ttots dqa Tig yjr- 
8vvevaag Tivog 8t:i]G8rai avz&v. 

LXXXl^. 01 ^sp ovv yaTa Trjv noXiv Kegyvoaiot zoiavraig 
OQyaig Talg nQaTaig eg dXXi]Xovg ejQfpavjOy xat 6 EvovfieSojv 'Aal 
01 \4\frircdoi dnenXevaav Taig vavoiv 2. v6reQ0v 8s ot qsvyoPTsg 
^oor KsQyvQaiwv, 8i8O(x)0}](yav yaQ avToov eg Tzsvzayoaiovg, Tsiyq jb 
Xa^opzeg^ d i^v ev Ty 7]7r8iQ(p, iygaTOvv Tqg negav oiyeiag yJjg ya\ 
l| avrrig OQ^^icofisvot eXiji'Qovro TOvg iv Ty vrjacp noXXd s^XaTXTOVg 

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}tai h^og la^voog iytvsro iv rfi TzoXei. 3. mQBG^tvovro Ss 'acu sg 
tfjv ^axtdaifAOva x(u KoQivdov tteqc Kocdodov' yau cog ovdsv 
avTOig InQiiaasio, varsgor yj)6}'cp nloTa xai 87i(xovQOvg ncunt- 
GKtvaadfAtrOL dte^irj^av r.g Tifv 7riaor, s^axoGtot fxaliaia oi ndvzt'g, 
4. 7CC Ttlola liinQi]GarTi:g^ onoog anoyvoia ?/ lov alio ii i/ 
iiqaxdv rr/g y/]g, dva^dvieg eg to oQog z})v loTOJi'rjp Ter/og tvoixo- 
dofir]6dfAeroi eqjOsiQOv 70vg h' rfj rroXei rtjg yqg sy.QaTOvv. 

LXXXVI. Tov d' amov dbQovg zelevio^vtog '^{)i]pcuot 
eixoai vavg- sdreclav ig SixuXlav yuu yicv/mra tov MtlavcoTiov 
GTQarrjyov avtcov xal XaQOiddrjv tov EvcpiXfiZov. 2. ot yaQ ^v 
Qaxoaioi yju yleovnvoi. ig TZoXefiov dllyXoig xadtoraaav. ^Vfx- 
fiayot 8s roTg ^ilv ^vqaxoaioig rjcjav^ TtXijv Kaf^aQivaioov, ai dXXai 
/laiQideg noXetg, ainsQ nQog ttjv zcor y^axsdaifioviojv ro ttqco- 
70V, dQ][0{At70v tov TToXtfiov ^v^ixa'^iOLv £raj(^0i]6av, ov fxtvzoi 
^vve7Toltii7](ydv ye ' toig da Amvtlvoig at XaXxidixat noXeig xai 
Ka^idqiva ' tJjg ds 'JiaXfag yioxQoi fASv 2^vQaxo(7i(x)v tjaar, 
^Pqylvoi ds xatd to ^vyyEvsg jiaovtivcov. 3. ig ovv tag ^Adiivag 
Tii^fAxpavtsg ol tav Abovtivcov ^vfjfiaxoif xard rs naXaiav ^vjiiiia- 
jicLv xai oil '7covsg i](sav, TzeiO^ovai, lovg ^Adrivaiovg nefAipcu 
aqiiai vavg' vno ydq tmv ^^vQaxoGimv trig '^^ 7^^" ^'iQyovto xal zljg 
d^aXdaaijg, 4. xal Inef^xpav ol "AdrivaXoi tJjg fASv oi,x6i6Tr]rog 
TTQOCfidaei, [iovXo^svoi ds [.trite oitov ig triv FleXoTzovvriaov ayeadai 
avjoOev, TigoneiQav ts ttoiov^^svol el ocpiai dvvazd s'/r^ ta iv tri 
^ixeXia nqdy^iata vnoieiQici ysveadai, 5. xataatdvzeg ovv ig 
'Pt'iyiov tljg 'ItaXiag tov noXe^ov inoiovvto [lerd toov ^vfif^dxcov. 
>iai to d^ifjog izelevta. 

LXXXVIL Tov 8^ imyiyvouivov y/i^Axovog 'rj voaog to dev- 
tSQOv inineae toTg 'Adiivaiorg, ixXiTiovaa fisv ov8tva yqovov to 
navtd.naaiv^ iyiveto dt tig ofAwg 8iaxmyri. 2. naQifitive ds to 
Litv v6t8Qov ovx sXa660v sviavtov, to 8c nQotBQov xai 8vo kiq^ 
mate Adtivaiojv ye fiJ] mat. o,ti (.laXXov ixdxodoe t\i> 8vrufi!Vo 
3. tetQaxoaiav ydo oiiXcidiv xar tetQaxiayjXiojp ovx iXdaaovg 
dniOai'Ov ix toov td^eoov xai tQiaxocjicov iTzneGiv, tov 8s uXXov 
oyXov dvsisvQeiog aQiOfiog. 4. iyivovro 8s xai ol ttoXXoI tots 
oeioiiol trig yrig, sv te 'Adiyvaig xai iv Ev^oia xai iv Boiootoig xai 
pidXiata iv 'O^yofievc^ tq^ BoicotLcp. 

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164 eoTKTzii/iOT STrrPA(iiHS. 

LXXXYIII. Kcu 01 lASv iv 2^r/.€)Ja '^{f7]vaioi xal 'Pt]ymA 
Tov avTOv ]^£tficorog TQiaxovTa ravo} aTQaievovaiv hu 7ag ^^loXov 
vtjGovg nalovfisvag' dt'govg yag 8i.^ arvdQiav abmaia I'lV eni- 
aToaTevsiv. 2. v^iAOvrai ds ylinaQCiioi avrdg, Kndicov (17101x01 
ovreg. ovaovgi d' iv aia tojv v/]6cov ov fAtydXri, y.aXtiiai ds 
AiniiQa ' rag ds aXlag ix ravztjg 6QfJco^(ASfO( ysoooyovGi /tidviiriv 
xai 2^TQoyyvlriv xai 'IsQav. 3. voixlt^ovai ds 01 extiprj livOQco- 
noi iv ifi IsQct oog 6 Hqjaiarog lahAsvst, on rrjv vvyaa qjocivs- 
Tiu 7ZVQ avadidovGU tioXv xai T'rjv r/fiegar xaTZVOv. xsLVzai, ds at 
p7j60i avica yniTa Tijv 2J(.xs16jv y,ai Msdarjvicov yqv, ^vfAfia)(^oi d' Jjaav 
2^VQa'AOomv. 4. itixovxsg d^ 01 'AxftjvaToi Jtp yJjv, ojg ov ttqog- 
t^coQOvVf ansTilsvoav ig to Prjyiov. yai ysiiAOjv irsXevicc xai 
niiinzov hog iisXsvia 7^ nolqiw r^de op Oovy.vdi.dt^g ^vriyQaiptv. 

LXXXiX. Tov d' iniytyro^svov dsQovg Hslonovvfiaioi xa\ 
oi ^vfifLiay^oi l^^XQi l^sv tov ladfiov tjX&op, cog eg tijv '^ztixrjv 
io^aXovvTsg, "^yidog tov "^Qiiddixov riyovp^tvov^ ydayedaifiovioov 
^aailtcog, osiapimv ds yerofxivodv ttoIXcop dnstQanopzo ndXiv kiu 
am iytvszo ia^oXr], 2. ttbqI tovtovg rovg y^gnvovg toov asi- 
GfAOov yarsy^ovzcoVy tiqg Eh^oiag ep Ogo^iaig i] daXaaaa snsX- 
'Oovdcc ano tlqg tots ovGijg yHjg yai yvfiatcoOsTaa smjXds tjjg 
TzoXtcog fAtQog tr, xal to jasv yatixXvas, to d' vnevoazrjGe, yal 
ddXaaaa vvp ioti TigotSQov ovaa ylq' xai dvdQconovg diiqiO^siQsv, 
0001 fA.7] idvvavto qidrivca nqog td fJstscoQa dvadQafxovzsg. 3. yat 
TiSQi 'AtaXdvtqv tj]v inl yfoyQolg toXg ^Onovpzloig vJjaov naqa- 
7TX7]oia yiypstai inlyXvaig, yal tov ts cpgovQiov tcov 'A&tjvaicxiv 
nciQSiXs, ya\ dvo vecov dvsiXyvcjfisvcov tr/v stb'gav yazsa^sv. 
4. iysvEto ds yal iv IlsnaQ'ijOq-) yv^xatog STTapaycoor^aig tsg, ov 
lAtvtOi iniyXvas ys' yai osiGfiog tov tsiyovg n yatb^aXs yai to 
/TQvtavsTov yal dXXag oiyiag bXlyag. 5. uiiiov d' t'ycoys toiaiXcx) 
tov toiovzov, Tj layvQOtatog 6 asiOfA^og iyivszo, yaia toizo ano- 
GtiXXsiv ts zTiV ddXaGcav yal ihmiPijg ndXiv iniancoiisvqv [-iiaio- 
tsgov Tijv iniyXvoiv noitiv' dvtv ds osigjaov ovy ar (xoi doyti to 
TOiovto '^vfA^^JfPai yivsaOai. 

XC. Tov d' avtov d}--Q0vg inoXiuovv ixlv yal uXXor, cog syd^ 
(Stoig ^vvi^jaivsv iv ti] ZkysXia, yal avtoi 01 ^lytXiatai iii 
iXXr^Xovg atqat^vovtsg, yal oi 'Adrivaloi Ivv toig Gcp^rH^oig 

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^vfi^d'/^oig ' a ds Xoyov fiaXiata a^ia 7j f.isra roji' ^Ax^rivaimv ol 
'S^vmia'^oi inqa^av ?] TiQog tovg 'yiOrivaiovg ol avTi7To)JfA(.oi, rov- 
icov ^vtjaOqGOuat. 2 Xaoocadov yaq tfiri rov '^\}t]raio3v 
aTQazTjyov Tsdinjxorog imo ZvQay.odiGiv no)Jficp, ylcij^qg linaaav 
s^Giv zojv rsoov rijv i<-Q'//iV, eaTQCiisvGS lisia tcov ^vufidj^cov inl 
Mvlag rag rodp Msaofpioiv. 'ixvf^ov ds 8vo q^vXac iv jaig Mv- 
laig rav Mi-Gatp'iojv qiQOVQOvaai,, iira xai iptdQav nenoir^' 
fA8vai roTg arro rav rizmv. 3. ol ds ^AQijvaloi xa) ol ^v^niiayoi 
Tovg Te fK Trig Evtdgag TQsnovGi xai diacpdeiQOvai noXXovg, xai 
7^ ^Qvi^iciri nQoo^akovTsg rivayxaGtiv ofAoloyia 77]v rs aKQonoliv 
naQadovvca xcd mi Msaaijvriv ^varQaTsv^ai. 4. xat ^isra tovio, 
msldovrmv ol MsaGrivioi tojv is, A&tjvaicov xai iwv ^viAfAoi^cov 
7TQoas)[coQriaav ^al avroiy 6pi}]Qovg rs dorisg xal rcilla niaza 

XCL Tov d' avTov dsgovg ol ^AdiivaToi rQidxovta ^sv 
ravg sarsilav tisq) IhXonovvrioov, cor sarQarrp'st /Jr^iioadsrtjg re 
'AXyuadsvovg xal IlQoxXJjg 6 OeodojQov, sh]y.ovTa 8s sg Mf]Xop 
xcu SiG)[iXiovg oTrXtrag, itngarriysi ds avTwv Ahxiag o NixrjQaTOv. 

2, rohg ydg MrfXiovg ovrag PTjoiooTag xcu ova sdsXoviag vnaxovsiv 
ovds ig TO avtwv ^v/iiicr/^rAoi' itpui s^ovXovxo nQoaayaysGdai. 

3. cat,' ds avzoig dipviAsvijg Trig 1''^!'= ^^ nQoas'^aQovv, aQixvisg iy. 
Tii]g MyXov avjo\ jjisp rnXsvaav sg ^^qcx^ttov Tljg ttsqup ytjg, vtto 
i'vxra ds G^ovTsg, svi}vg Inoosvovro ol onXtrai. ano tcov vsoov 
nst^xi sg TdvayQav Tqg Boiooriag, 4. ol d' sx Trjg noXso^g 
Tzavdripisi 'Adr^vaioi ^Innovixov ts tov KaXXiov OTQaTif/ovpzog 
yai EvQVfAsdoPTog tov OovxXsovg dnb (jrjfisiov sg to avTo Kara 
yr^v d7i/]i'T(x)v. 5. yai. GTQCiTonsdsvaa^svoi ravTijv ttiv JifAsgav iv 
ly TardyQa, sdr^ovv yai irrivXiaavTo. xai Tfi vaTSQCila f^dpj 
KQCiTriaavTsg rovg sns^sXdovxag tc7w TavayQcucov, xal Qij^aioov 
Tivdg TTQOO^s^orid'rfAdrag, xai onXa Xa^ovTsg xat TQonalov oiri- 
oavTsg, diS'/^coQyjO'aVj ol fASV sg Tqv noXiv^ ol ds Int idg ravg. 
6. TraourfXemixg 6 AhyMig Talg shjxoi'Tu iavai\ ryg ^doxQidog 
zk snidaXdaaia siSfAS, xai dvsjojQrjcjsi' s.n oixov. 

XClI. 'Tno ds TOV y^Qovov rovrov ^uxsdaiiiovtoi 'UgdxXsia'k 
riiv sv TQiiiiitaig dnoixiav xadlazavzo dno zoidads yrcofiTjg, 
2. MtiXilg 01 '^vixnavTsg sldi ^^h^ zQia ^isqij, HuQaXioi, '/^'(^/]^N 

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OiTCiiojv OfiOQcov ovTOJv TO TTQotzov fxtXXt]aavTt:g 'Alfipaioig nQoo- 
-dsiriu aqjag aviovg, dtiaavrtg ds }xt] ov acpcai. rtiazoi ouJt, ntixnov" 
aiv 4' yjlcixtdaffiova, slofisroi TiQUO^tvzriv l^iaa/xsvop. 3. ^vvengs- 
a^tvovto de ahrolg /lo^QUjg // injrQonolAg ■icoy Aa'Asdai^uorioji 
7WV ai'zaiv dsofisroi' vno yuQ tcov OhixUop yuii avcoi HpOeiQOvto. 
4. a'AOvaafreg ds oi ydaxtdatfionoi yvcofAr^v tr/^ov iriv anoiyuav 

^'ATIB^lTTSfV, TOig 78 TQa^lPlOig ^OvlofASVOL XUl TOTg AoQOlSVOi TlflCO' 

QsTv. xai ajxa 7 0v TiQog AO v^vaiovg TToXtfAOv -Aulmg avxolg 
ido-ASi 7] nohg xadiazaad^ai ' eni 78 yaq 7(1 Ev^oia t>avziKOV 
naQaaxEvaadJiViu av, coar' ix ^oa'^sog zrjv did^aat.v ylyreadai, xljg 
78 sni 0Qax7]g 7za(Jodov ^fQTjaifKog s^uv. 70 76 iifAriav ojQfujvzo 
to ^coQiov >i7i^eiJ>. 5. 77Q<X)7or (Asv ovv tv AtXqoig zov dtbv 
InfiQOvzo ' yisXevovzog ds ^'^snsiiipav zovg oixijzoQag avz&r zs xal 
7Giv nsQioiXQDV, Kcu zoov aXXcov EXX^vwv 70V ^ovXousrov tyJXsvov 
insadai nXr^v y Icofcav xat Ayuiay xai toziv cov aXXcov iOroov. 
0iKta7al ds 7Q8Tg Aaxtdaiptoiicov r]yi]aarzo jitxov xai 'AXyJdag 
Kiu Acqmyaiv. 6. aa^aaTdvzsg ds izstyioav 7iiv ttoXiv ex xaivfig^ 
ri vvv 'H()dxXtia xaXtlzai, dneyovaa OtQfAO/zvXaiv aiadiovg ^aXi- 
aza 780(ja()dxovza, zJjg ds -OaXdaorjg eixooi. recoQid zs naqtax^v 
d(^ov70 xai ijQ^avzo xaza OtQfxonvXag xaz avzo zo azsvor oTzcog 
Evq;vXaxza avzoig eii]. XCIII. ol ds 'AO qvaioi zr^g TzoXecog 
tavzrjg ^vvotxi^ofxsp/jg zo 7T()od70v tdeiGdv 78 xai Ivo^iaav ini zri 
Eifoia fxaXidza xvidia7aGd^ai, ozi ^qayvg iaziv 6 did/zXovg nqog 
70 Kiqviuov 7ijg Ev^oiag. 'insiia f.i8pzoi naQci d6hi7> avrolg 
dns^irj' ov ydg iyeiszo dn avxrjg duvov ovdtv. 2, ainov ds -riV 
Oi ze Q8G6aXol iv dvt'd^si ovzsg zmv zavzij yojo'ioop xat w/- inc z{i 
yfi gxrtfsro qiO^oviievot fAi] (jq)i6i ^itydlri layvi noLQOixi^ijiv, kpOsi^ 
Qov xal did TTiu'tog snoXtfxovv ap\)()conoig rsoxazaazazoig, tmg 
i'S^HZQwyodaav yhvoixhovg zo nq^zov xai Tidvv noXXovg' nag ydg 
7ig AaycdiUjAOvmv olxitovzo^v dagaaXscxyg fer, [it'^iaiov i^ofuXo^v 
zTfV noXir. 3. ov fisvzoi ifAiaza ol uQyorzsg avzoov z&v Aaxsdai- 
uorioov 01 dquxrovfASvoi za nquyixatd zt i^qjdtiQOV xai ^g oXiyar- 
dqojniav xar^azriaav, 8xq:o[jt]aavz8g 70vg noXXovg, yjiXtn(x>g 78 xui 
hziv d ov xaXcog itr^yov^8voij cooze qaov rfiri avi&v ol nqoGOixoi 

Hosted by 



XCIV. Tov d^ avTOv dtQovg, mrQi ror avzov y^Qovov ov 
BV irj Mjjlcp 01 ^d/]r(uoi xaitiyoino, xai, oi aiio rcov iQiaxovza 
i>e(ov ^A&?jt>aioi, TiEQi Utlonovvriaov ovr^g, nQ(oiov iv 'EllofAt'iciJ 
Trig y^tvxadiag q;QOVQOvg rivag 7.oit]aavT£g ditq.deiQCiVj mtna 
vartQov sm ylsvy^ada ^ei^ovi orohp yXdov^ ^y.aQvaoi tb Tiaaiv, 
in 7iavdt]{AEi 7z7jjv Ontadcov ivfSfynopjo^ yai Zaxvvdioig mu 
Keq-allrjai nai KeoVyVQatcov TiapzsxaLdaxa favaL 2. xai ol iasp 
Atvyddioi, Trig 78 f^oo y?ig driovfxtvjjg aai rijg tvrog tov ladfiov, 
tv 71 Km i] udnvydg iari xat to itqov tov '^TzoD.wvog, nhidu 
^ia^6lA,evoi Tjavya^op' ol ds '^KaQvdvsg tj^iovv /liiiAoodivqv top 
GTQaTijyov Toov ^^4dr]vaicx}v dnOTEiyitHv aviovg^ vofAi^ovTsg Qadiojg 
T av ix7iolioQxri()ai TZoXtosg 78 dti oqiai TTolffAiag an allay rivai. 
3. /Iq^oax^tvtjg d" dvanti&eTai yard top ygorov tovtov vno Mta- 
arrjvlcov cijg yalov avTCo GiQaTfdg ToaavTrig ^vptileyixtvrjg Alrmloig 
ETTiOtGdat, Navndyacp tb nolBixloig ovai riv yQanjarj avim>, 
gadioog yai to alio ^JFI/tbiqojtixop to Taviri ^Adtpaioig tt^jogtzouJ- 
GBiv. 4. TO ydg lOrog ubya ^isv thai to tmv ^tzcolav ya] jxayi' 
(iOVy oIaovv ds yard ycofiag dreiyiGzovg yai zavzag dta nollov 
}ial oxsvri if-nly iqcoixspov^ ov yaltnov dniqaivov^ tzqiv ^vi^^oij- 
'^i^aaif yazaGiQaqijvai. 5. BnryeiQtiv 6' rytlsvov tzqmtov fisv 
^^Tzodojzoig, STTStza ds 'Oqioptvoiy yal f^ETa Tovzovg EvQvrdaiv, 
07XBQ lutyinzov fitgog B6t\ toov Aizo^l^v, dyvcoGTozaToi ds ylmaaav 
aai cofAoqdyoi Biaiv, cog liyovTai' tovzcqv yag hjqdtiTWP gadicog 
KOI tdlla TTQoayoijQfiGBiv. XCV. 6 8s tmv MtGaqvicov ydgizi 
Tzeiadtlg yal fidltaTa voixiaag dvBv Ti^g Tmv 'u4&ijrato3v dvtafA.i-:(x)g 
Toig ^HTZBiQcoTaig ^vfjfxdyoig fiSTa Tap Alrcolav dvpaaOai, av 
yaTa yrjp ilOtiP ira Boiojzovg did Aoygmv t&v OZgI^v sg 
KvTinov TO /JcoQiyov iv ds^id eycov top TLiQvaGOor, acog yaTa- 
^au] eg fl^coymg, ot nQodvfxoag iSoyovv yazd Tfjp 'Adijvamp aei 
noTB qiliav ^voTQaTsvEtv rj xdp §ia 7iQ0(yaydi]vai' yai ^l^o^yavaiv 
rfiri oixoQog 7] Boicozia iaztp' dgag ovv ^vfAJiapzi tw aTQaztv^azi 
dno Tijg Asvyddog dyopzoov ^AyaQvdvodp naQsnltvaBV pg ^olliop. 
2. yoipcoaag ds Trjr snlvoiav Toig 'AyuQvdai^, chg Gv Trgoaadt^^apio 
d(d Trig Asvyddog Tijp ov TzsQizstyKsiv, avzog t)] loi.ny azQaua, 
KsqallJjai yal MsaariPioig yal Zayvrdioig yal 'A&rivamp zQia- 
Koaioig toig mipdzaig zoov aqisrsgoop pem>^ ai ydg rzspTsyaidsy 


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168 eoTKTJijOT :srrrPA(iiH:s, 

icov KeQy.VQamv aTzTjlOov vrjegy iaTQaisvusv in Alttxikovq. 
3. wQfAaTO 8s f'5 Oh'Eoovog Tljg yloxQidog. ol ds 'O^olai ovjoi 
AoxQOi. ^vfAfia^oi ijaav, xai tdsi avrovg navarqaTm aTtavrljaai 
Tolg ^A&rivawig ig ti'iv fisaoyeiav' ovTsg yocQ ojaoqoi loig Alzco- 
Xoig "Aoi ofA-oaxsvoi f/sydXi] acpt'leia sdoKOvv dvai ^vaiQaT8vovT€g 
f^cl](rig 78 i^ntiQia trig ixei/pcop kcu ^wqio^v. XCVl. avhcydfitrog 
ds T(p GrQfiiw 8v 70V /Jiog Tov Nsixsiov rep IsQcp, iv cp 'Hoiodog 6 
TTonjTijg Xsysrai vno t&v Tavirj dnodavsiv, iQriad^sv avt(p iv 
Ns^ita tovio na&slv, a^a ttj ecp dgag snooevsro sg tI]v Ahmllav. 
2. aiQSi r^ tzqcottj ^Ji-i^QCi Uotidaviav xai Tfj dsvzsQa Kqo'av- 
Isiov rrj zQiry Tei^tov, Sfxsps %s avTov xai Tt]v Isiav ig Evnd- 
hov Trig AoxQidog dnsnsixxps ' 7-t]v yocQ ypodftrjv sj^s lalXa Kara- 
OTQSipdfxs'Pog ovTcog Ini "Oq^iovsag, d fAtj ^ovloivio hvy^^QsTv, 
ig N^avnayaov inava'^mQriaag atQarevaai vgtsqov. 3. rovg ds 
AhcoXovg ovK iXdv&avsv avzij tj TTaQaoKSvr] ovts ozs to 7tq(^- 
Tov ins^ovXsvsTO, insidri ts o argaTog ias^s^Xrj-nsi, noXXri ^siqi 
ine^ori&ovv Tzdvrsg, cocjts ol sa^aroi 'Ocpiovioiv ol nqog tov 
MriXi.axov 'aoXttov Ka&rjaovTsg, Bo^injjg van KaXXirjg, i^oridijaav. 
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LIB. III. CAP. cm. CIV. 


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Meaotj'Pioi, ovreg lavTi] fxsza rov /^/jfioG&tPOvg^ to ttoXu tov sqj'ov 
hiiil&ov. 2. ol ds ' AfATTQaxicozai xai ol xara to de^iov x(-:oag 
hixcop to xa&' savtovg xai TiQog to "Aqyog anadmiav' xa) yaQ 
fAayificoiatoi t(X)v neqi exsTva ta yooQia tvyydvovaiv ovisg, 3. 
InavayGiQOvvTeg ds cag scoqcov to Tzltop vsvixri^ivov xai ol allot 
" udxaovdveg acpiai TZQOGtxsivxo^ y^alencog diS6(6t,ovio ig tag "01- 
nag, xai tzoIIoi dnsdavov avtoov, dtdxTOjg xai ovdsn xo^^xcp 
nQoaninTovTsg 7il)]v Mavnvrnv' ovtoi de fidhaza ivvtEtayiAsvoi 
navtog tov azQatov di'6y(6Q)](jay. xa} 7] [xsv f^dyj] hzslsvta scog 

CIX. Msvsdaiog ds tri vatSQaia EvQvloyov tsOvsatog xai 
MaxaQiov avtog naosihjcpojg trjv dqyqv xa\ dnoQOJv fxsydhjg ^cr- 
Gt]g ysyeri]fX8V7]g ozqi tQonop t] ixhcov nohogxiqastai sx ts yljg xai 
ix daldoarig taTg Attixaig vavcrh dnoxexhjfAsrogy rj xai dvaycxi- 
Qcov diaaco&ficfstai, TZQOGCpSQSi loyov ttsqI OTZordrnv xai dvayo^Qiq- 
osoog /lt][j,oa&svsL xai toTg "AxaQvd.vGiv otQatijyolg, xai tteqI i>£xo&v 
afia dvaiQsaecog. 2. ol ds vsxQohg fisv drtsdoaav xai tQonaiov 
avtot s6Z7]aav xai tovg savt^v tQiaxoaiovg ^dliaza dnoQavovzag 
arsilovto ' avayooQT^aiv ds sx fisv tov nqocpavovg ovx laneiaavto 
anaai, XQVcpa ds /Itjfioadhijg [jszd t&v ^vatQatrjojp ''AxaQvdvmv 
cnhdovzai Martivtvai xai Mevsdaiq} xai toTg dlloig doyovai 
toov nslo72ovv7]oicov xai 0601 avzcjv ijoav d^ioloycozatoi aTioyoo- 
QsTv xara tayog, ^ovlousvog ilnlcocyai tovg AiJTZQaxicotag ts xai 
tov fA.i(yOoq}OQO'p oylov tov ^srixov, fxaliata ds AaxsdaiiAOviovg xai 
UsloTzovvjjaiovg dia^a7.siv sg tovg sxsmj ygfi^cov '^Ellrjvag cog xa^ 
taTTQodovTsg TO savToov TZQOvQyiaitSQov STZODjaavto. 3. xai ol ^sp 

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t<ivy 78 vsy.QOvg avdlovxo iiai d(cc T:dj(^ovg sOantoVy mansQ vnriQis, 
uai tijr ano'^mQriGiv XQVcpa ok' edtdoro intfovlsvov. CX. i:co da 
/Ir^lioo&tvEi >ial Totg '^'A(XQra6ii> ayy^lltiiu lovg ^^fiTTQaximrag 
zohg in zijg noJ.tmg navdiinu y.aia rrfP nQ(^rriv iy. tooi' ^OXn^v 
dyyi-liav S77f^07]d-i:Tv Sia roov \^(Acpil6yow, ^ovlo^n^ovg roig 8v '^OX- 
naig ^vfiiAitui, eidotag ovdh rmv ytysrrjfxhcov. 2. xa). miinu svd^vg 
zov GToajov (AtQog 7:1 rag odovg nQoXoyjovvtag koi %k y.aqx^qk 
77QOxa7aX7j\pofi^pot%\ yat Tti ally GT^ana a^d TzaQsa^iBvd^azo 
§orideiv In avtovg. CXI. Iv loino^ 3' 01 MavTivqg yai ojg 
enTzsicTTO TTQocpaGiv i/zi laycaixriiov yal qiQvydvmv ivlloy}jv i^sX- 
do'vteg hnanriEriav yar oliyovg, dfrnc ^vlltyovreg hp a i^JjlOov 
SJjdev n^oxsjrctSQjjKOTSg de ydij dnodev zJjg'^OlTrt^g daacFov a;i8)^03- 
Qovv, 2. ol d' ^^fXTTQayjodiai. yal 01 liXXot, oaoi fih Itvyyavov ov- 
Tcog dd^Qooi ^vfeldovreg^ cog ^yroscyav arnovjag, ojQiirjGap yal avzol 
yal t&tov d^o^fi}, imyaiala^eiv ^ovXoiaspol 3. 01 ds 'Ayafjpavsg 
TO fAH> TTQ^rov yai Ttaviag tvo^itaav dniivai danovdovg oixoiojg^ yai 
70vg TltXoTTovfri^iovg B/rtdicayo'i'' yai nvag avtav r&r 6TQar7]y6dy 
HCoXvofiag yai cpadyoprag eG7i£T<y\)ai fiviotg i^yovnoi rig, pofiiaag 
Ha7a77Qo8idoo&ai ffcpag' 'ijisiia iiivroi rovg usv Mavrivsag yai 
zovg ThloTzovvriGiovg dcfieaar, zovg 8' '^fiTZQayicorag sxreivov. 
4. yai 7jv TtoVJ] e^tg yal dyvoia his ^^lATrgaymTtjg rig Bdiiv sirs 
IJeXoTTOVPtjaiog. yai ig dtayoaiovg ^liv Tivag avi^v dnsyrsivav' 01 
d^ dlXoi ditrpvyop ig iip ' AyQat8a opioQOp ovaavy yal 2JaXvr&iog 
avTovg 6 ^aatXhvg r^v ^ ^ygalcov q}iXog ojp VTZsds^aro. 

CXll. Ol d^ iy TTJg TToXswg ^udpinQaymtai d(^iyvQvvrai Iri 
^lSopihi]v. S6T0V ds dvo XoqjG) ij ^Idopitpi] vxpijXco' rovroiv 7ov (xsp 
^siXo} vvytog sniysvo^ivrig 01 nqoanoGraXivTcg vno tov Ji]f4,oads- 
f/nvg dnh rov atQarontBov tXad^ov ts yal sqj&a^av TrgoyaruXa- 
^ovtsg, Tov d^ iXdG6co hvy^ov ol ^ AfAnQaymrai 77i)oava^dv7sg, yai 
TlvXiaavro. 2. 6 de /lij^oaOspTig demvr^cjag iycoQSi, yal ro dXXo 
atoarsvpia dno samqag svOvg, avrog ^uv to r^fxiav tycDV sni Ttjg 
Hi^oXljg, 70 5' aXXo did rmv ^^(jcpiXoytxc^r ogmv. 3. ya! v(fia oq- 
Oncp ininaizsi roTg A iinimyicoj aig szi fV rarg svraig yai ov TtQO- 
flfidrjfiH'Oig 7a y^y^vtimva, dXXk tioXv fidXXov wofiiaaai rovg savrcZ'p 
elrat* 4. yar yvcQ jovg Mtcjarfi'iovg TYQcoTovg i/ri7q8i'g z/;//io- 
t^'^ivrjg TZQOVTa^s^ yal nQOGayoQSvtiv hJXi:VBi /JcoQida rs yXmaaa^ 

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IspTag xai. zoig nqocpvla^i Tzlariv TtaQtio^tvovg, liua ds xal ob 
naOoQw^tvovg tiq oipei PVXTog sn ova^g. 5. cog ovv inim(s^ rqi 
arQajev^ari avTOJVj tQSTiovaif xai. Tovg ia8v TiolXovg avrov dit- 
CDx^SfQaVf ol 8s loinoL aara ra OQi] sg cpvpjv (aQptrjoar. 6. ngoxa- 
TSihjfA^srcor ds r&v od&iVy xai a{j.a toop ^sv '^fAq^ilo^ojv eimsiQmv 
ovTCOv rijg savroov yrjg y.a\ xpilcot' nQog onliTagy row ds dneiQoa'p 
YAU uvumarijfwrmv oni] jQanbrvrai, WTzinrovtBg kg 7S y^aqabQag 
yuii. Tag 7TQole7.oywfJiiv()(,g svidqag disqydeiQOVTO. 7. xat ig nciaav 
idtav ^oogrjauvrsg rr^g qvyljg STQa/iovTo riisg 4* '?^'' ddlaa- 
aav ov nolv aTitjovdar, Hal oog slbov rag '^TTiKccg vavg naga- 
nlsovaag af^a rov SQfov tfj ^vvrviia, nQoatvsvaav^ riy^ad^svoi h 
70J avtUa cpo^cp xqsi6(Jov thai aqiotv vno j(ov iv laTg vavaiv, si 
8h, diaq)daQl]fai ?/ vtto rcov ^ag'^dgmv xat sj^diarmv ^^figjiloycar, 
8. ol iJLSV OVV \4^7iQaxmrai roiovrcp tqotico zaxco&tvrsg oliyoi 
kno noXlmv sacodrjaav sg rrjv noXiV ^ AxaQvavsg 8s (JxvXsvaav- 
rsg Tovg- rsxQovg aai rQonaia oi'qaavTsg ansypqriGav sg Agyog. 
CXIII. xal avToTg rri varsQaia riXd's x^/^t'J dno rmv ig ^ Ayqal- 
ovg xaraq)vy6vrcov sx rrjg '^OlTzr^g '^fiTTQaxLoorooVf dvaiQsaiv aliij- 
ao3v 700V rsxQoov ovg dnixrsivav vatSQOv rqg TiQcottjg ^dy?jg, ors 
usrd rSv MavTivtoav xai rcov vno6776r8mv ^vvs^risaav kanovdoi. 
2. l8m'V 8^ 6 hiJqv^ ra on7.a r^v dno TTJg TzoXscog y^fXTTQaxicoraf 
s&aviJ,a^s ro nXrid-og * ov ydg fi8si to ndd-og, dXX qwzo rav ixsra 
aqicor thai. 3. xai rig avrov ijQsro 6,ri &avfA,d^oi -aai otthooi 
avjojv rsd^vdau\ olofASvog av 6 sqost^v elvai rov xrjQVKa ano row 
iv ^Ido[isva(g. 4. 6 8' sq)7] 8baxooiovg fxdXiara. vnoXa^m> 8' 6 
SQcoroov slnsv, Ovxovv ra onXa ravzl cpalverai, dXXa nXsov fy yi- 
Xicov. avdig 8s sIttsv ixeirog, Om dga tojv fA,sd^ 7]fA.av fiayoiiivrnv 
iojiv. 6 8' aTTS'dQivavjo, EinsQ ys v^eig sv 'I8o[A.svri y^d^sg sfiaysad^s, 
^AXt ij^sXg ys ov8sv} ifiayofis&a yd^sg^ dlXd nQooriv sv ry aTTOyco- 
Qijasi, Kal ^sv 8q rovroig ys riixsig %\^sg aTTO jjjg TZoXscog ^otj- 
drj6a6t rrjg '^lATTQaxKorodv ifiay6}Ac\}a. 5. 6 8s xi^qv^ c^g rjxovas 
ymI syv&i ort -t] dno rijg noXswg ^oinOsia dii^p^aQiaij dvoifico- 
^ag xal ennXayelg rco fisysdsi tdjp naqoyimv xaxcov dnriX&sv 
sv\}vg aTiQa-Azog xal ovyJii dTzriTSi rovg vsxQOvg- 6. nci&og yaq 
fovro lAia noXsi 'EXX7]Vi8i. sv 'laaig rnxsQaig (isyiatov 8r] rSv xata 
wv TTolsuov 70f8s sysvejo. xai doiO.^ov om syqaxpa rcZv aTToO&c 

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rnvTcor, diOTi amarov to TzXtjOog Uyeicu anolea^ai mg TTQog re 
fitys&og tlig nolecoy'. "^ A^nqayJav ^evjoi oida oxi el ¥^ovXq&ri6av 
'AxaQvareg y.(U " Aucpilo'ioi ^ u4d iiraiot^ xca /l7]^o60evH 7i€i.0(h 
fiEvoi h^sXd-tii', ahto^oH av tllov rvv 8' eSsiaav fitj ol " Ad qvaioi 
v^ovit^ avTrjv ^aXertcoTSQOi acpjai ndooiy.oi gs6i. CXIY. iisra ds 
tavra tqitov fi^Qog reifiapTsg lav axvlGyp roig ^A&i^vaioig ra 
alia >iata tag TtoXeig diEiXovro, vau 7 a fxsv rmv A&rivcilcx)v nXk- 
ovTa €dlo3, za ds vvr draKSi(A8pa Iv zoig ^AztiKolg Uqaig /fri^o- 
<adevsi B^riQedriaav rgiaxoGiai navonliai, Kai aymv avrdg xazi^ 
nleva^' nai bjevera afia avim nsza zijv ztjg Aizmliag ^v^icpoQccv 
dno zavtTjg zrjg TZQa^eosg ddeeaieQa ri y.ddodog. 2, dnijlxfov di 
y.(u oi iv zaig eixoai vavaiv " AO-qvaToi sg NavTraKTOv. ^Ayaqvdveg 
Ss yai 'Af4(p{lo]^oi. dnel-Oovtcov ^Adrivaimv yai ArniOG&tvovg zoig 
&)g ^alvvOiov "AyQalovg y.ataqivyov6iv ^^fxnQaHimraig xal lie- 
lonovvqaioig dvayjcoQriaiv iansiaavro i^ Oiviadmv, oineq xal (Aera- 
rtaiijaav naQa 2alvvdiov. 3. yiai ?.g zhv sTzeira ^qovov anorddg 
yjKi. ^v}xua'^iav InoiiqaavTO sxatop hi] ^AxaQvavEg y.a\ A fAq>ilo)(^ot 
TTQog 'AfiTTQaHtcozag sni zoiaSs coazs fA,7]zs AftTZQaydcotag fiEzd 
' Ayam'Civcov arQareveiv mi TleXoTiovvrialovg fxrizs ^ AxaQvdrag 
iiEja 'AfiTTQaMOJT^v In ^Ad-r]vaiovg, ^or^&siv ds zy ccXXyXafv, yai 
dnodovfui 'AfiTZQaydOizag onoaa tj xoigia 7] oiiriqovg ^ Aiicfilo'^Qov 
I'xovf^i, KOI £711 ^ Avaxzoqiov (jlt] ^OTj&Eiv noXi^iov ov ^ AxaQvdai. 
4. ravza ^vvd^efiEvoi ddXv^av zov noXefiov. fisza ds zavza Koqlv- 
O-io^i cpvXaxriv iavzmv ig zijv ' AfiTtQamav dTzedTSiXav, ig ZQiaKOiSi- 
ovg onXizag, koI BspoxXsidav zov Ev&vKXiovg aQ^ovza' oi aofxi- 
(^^fASvoi ^aXsTZcog dia ZTJg 'Htzsiqov dcplxovzo. zd fisv v.olz ' A^- 
Tioaaiav ovzoag iyspezo. 

CXV. 01 8' iv zri 2msXia 'Ad^T^vatot zov avzov isijimvog sg 
r^ zTjv ^IfiSQaiav dno^aaiv STTOiijaavzo ix zoov re(^v f/szd zoov ^i- 
jrt'Xtooroo^ dvt^&sv ia^s^XTjKozcuv ig ta saxaza ZTJg ^fysQaiag, xai 
em zdg AloXov pi]60vg rnXsvaav. 2. dvay^mQT^Gavzsg ds sg 'P/j^ 
y{Ov JJvd^odmQOP zov 'TaoXo^^oVj 'A&7]vaicov (jzQazijyop, xazaXafx^d- 
vovaip sm zdg vavg dtddoyop cov o Ad][7]g ijq/sp. 3. ol ydg Iv 
2.)xsXia ^vfAfiaxoi nXsmavrsg meiaav zovg 'AdT^valovg ^07]r)eZp 
fsq}i6f 7i7Moat pavai' z7]g fusv ydo yqg avT^v ol ^vQay.oaioi sxgd- 
rovp^ zrig ds daXdacft^g oXiycag ravatv slgyofispoi TzaQsaitsvd^opto 


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178 eoTKrji/ior zrrrFAa^Hz. 

ravziHov i,vvaydQ0VTeg mg ov 7i£Qio\p6^evoi. 4. y^ai sttXijqovp ravg 
TsaaaQciyiOfTa ol '^&}]paiOi cog ccTToartlovvrsg avzoig^ a^xa i^tv 
l.yovjusroi &aoaov tov 8xh noXs^ov xaTaXv&^asaOai, afia 8s ^ov- 
Xoixtfoi iieXerriv tov vavrrAOv noiEia&ai. tov ^isv ovv tia tcov 
nTQiXTTjyojv aTTsaTetXav, IIvx^odooQOv, hXiyaig vavai, 2Joq)0>iXea ds 
TOP 2Joo6TQaTidov >cal EvQv^edopTa tov QovxXkovg zni Tmv nXuo- 
rcor rsav aTionsfi'ipeiv i^^XXov. 5. 6 ds Uv&odcoQog ijdri h^odv t^v 
TOV ^d][j]Tog Tmv veoop oiQj^yv mXsvffe TeXsvT^vzog tov ^siiAospog 
Im TO ^onQOJv (pQovQior, TiQOTtQOP Ad^rig dXe' >ial pinijdsig 
fxdyri vno tcop Ao'aq&)v dve^coQTjaep. 

CXYI, 'Eqqvj] ds 7I6qI avTO TO sag tovto 6 Qva^ tov TTVQog 


KaTapamp^ oi Ini ttj AItvyi T(p oqsi oiHOvaiP, ottbq fisyiaTOP saTiv 
OQog ip TYi JEiKsXta, 2. XeysTUf 88 7TepT7]iiOGTqi hsi Qvlqpai tovto 
fji8T(k to ttqotsqop QStjia, TO 88 ^vfiTtav TQig yeyeprjG^ai to gev^a 
dcp ov ZrAsXia vno 'EXXijvcov oiHStTai. ravTa fisv yiaTO. top x^^f^^' 
pa TovTOP iyspsTO. >c«e ektop hog t(^ croXsfiqi iteXevTa t^8s of 
0ov'Av8i8rig ^vviyQaxpiP 

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The Preface of this history, which is supposed to have been written by 
Thiicydides after the termination of the war (see K on I. 1, § 1), extends to 
chap. 24, and may be divided into three parts : 1, the reason why the 
history was composed (chap. 1); 2, the magnitude of the Peloponnesian 
war, evinced by a comparison of the ancient state and condition of Greece 
(chaps. 2-19); 3, the nature of Grecian history and especially of the work 
now in hand (chaps. 20-23). The second of these portions may be subject 
also to a threefold division : 1, the times which preceded the Trojan war 
(chaps. 2-8) ; 2, the Trojan war (chaps. 9-11) ; 3, the times which succeed 
ed that war (chaps. 12-19). Of. Poppo ad loc. 


Th« historian alleges as the reason why he composed a hlstoiy of the Peloponnesian war, 
that it was greater and more memorable than any war in Greece which had preceded it 
(§ 1) ; it is impossible to arrive at any certain knowledge of the natnre and importance 
of the preceding wars, yet the probability is strong that they were not very great (§ 2). 

1. QovKvbLdrj^\ This is the form of a patronymic without the 
signiiication, as MtXrtciST;?, 'AptoretS?)?, etc. Ofo Mt. § 429, 3. — — 
A^rjvoLos. Some think that the words rod '0\6pov have been left 
out by copyists, inasmuch as they are found in lY. 104. § 4, and 
elsewhere. But, as Poppo remarks, our historian so distinguished 
himself, that there was no danger of his being confounded with 
others of the same name. There is no need with some critics of 

supplying the article with 'ASi^z/alos-, as no emphasis is intended. • 

l^vveypa-^€ tqv ttoK^jxov^ comjoosed a history of the war. The Scholi- 
ast says, that ypdyjrai is used of one thing, ^vyypd\jrat^ of several. 
Hence reference may be had to the documents or narratives upon 

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182 l^rOTES. [BookI 

which the history was founded. Thucydides is called {kut i§oxr)v) 
6 ^vyypa<p€vs. — — w? iTrok^fir}(rav^ CCS they earned it on. Supply 
avTov. Some are disposed to read ov instead of w?, but without 

sufficient authority to justify tlie change.- dp^dfievos €v?ivs xaSt- 

(TTajjiepov (•==« dp^dfjL€Vos rod crvyypdyjrai €v?ivs ore Ka'^iararo 6 TrdXf- 
jLtos), liaving commenced it immediately at tlie 'beginning of the loar^ 
i. e. he commenced the collection and arrangement of the materials 
at the first breaking out of the war. The history was not written 
out until the war had closed. Of. Y. 26. § 1, where he speaks of the 
war as finished, and II. 13. § 7, where the Long "Walls are spoken of 

as a past affair. kqi. Unless this connective suggests the mental 

repetition of ^weypayjre^ I am at a loss to conjecture its use, since 
eXTTio-aff, expecting^ supposing (cf. Lat. sperare), denotes the cause of 
the preceding proposition. Of. K. § 312, b. — d^ioKoycoTarov rS^v 
rrpoyeycprjpevMv^ more Temar'kahle tlian any lohich had preceded. This 
use of the superlative for the comparative, is of frequent occurrence 
in Thucydides. — — - aKpa^ovres — rjcrav (= fjKixa^ov)^ were in the high- 
est state of preparation. — — €s avroj/^ i. e. for the loar. "rkjua^eiz^ 
es TL eodem modo dictum, ut eppcovro ss t6i^ TroXe/xoi', II. 8. § 1, 

qua voce illam explicat Zon. p. 984." Kriig. ■ ro ciXKo 'EXkrjvLKQP 

=^ rovs aXXovs '^EXXrjvas. — — Kal—Spcov = Kol on ewpa, the construc- 
tion having been changed from ort with the verb to the participle. 
KOL here refers to re after a/c/xafoi/res-, and introduces another reason 

for the conjecture expressed in TeKpiaip6p€vo£. ro pev- — ro be^ 

partly — and partly. - — - dtavoovpepov (so. ^wia-rao^ai from the pre- 
ceding clause). '''' Id in animo habens^ id moliens." Bothe. 

2. KLv-qcTLs l3ap[3dpcov^ for this loas the greatest commotion which 

ever tooh place among the Greel:%^ cviid a considerahle p>ortion of the 
oardariahs. KLvrjoris does not take the article, because it is the pre- 
dicate, and the pronoun avr-q the subject. Of. K. § 246, E. 1 ; Kr. 
§ 61. 7. drj strengthens peylarrj.^ hy far the greatest. Some confine 
pcytarrj 8r) to rots' ''EXkr](nv^ but it evidently is to be extended to 
/xepet rivL rS)v (SaplBdpcov^ " <^ large portion of the larlarians.'^ Arnold 
Reference is had to the Persians, Thracians, Sicilians, etc., v/ho par 
ticipated with the Greeks to a greater or less extent in the Pelopon« 
nesian war. ~ cos he elrrelv «= and I had well nigh soAd.^ not, and 
so to spealc^ as this phrase is more commonly to be rendered. koI in 

the next clause is even^ also. ewl TrXela-rov dv^panrov == TrXeTarrots 

dv^pairoLs. - — =- ra yap irpb avrS)v. " The plural pronoun refers to 
3ome such expression as ra rod rroXepov^ or rd UeXoTrovvqa-laKa^ as 
we often find the Persian war called ra MT^St/ca." Arnold. By ra ydp 
n-po avroiv is meant the Persian, and by rd tn naXawrspa^ the Trojan 

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CiiAr. n.] KOTES, Jg^^ 

war. Some, however, i^nderstand by the former of these expressions 
both the Persian and Trojan wars, and by the latter, those still more 
remote, viz. in the heroic ages. - — dia xpo^^ov ttX^So?, on account 
of the length of time which had elapsed since they were carried on 
This use of ttX^Sos', in the sense of /x?j/^off, is quite rare. -- — ddvi^ara 
= dSvparov, K. § 241. 3. cop. Some supply e^ from the preced- 
ing e'/c, but it is better to make it stand for a after o-kottovvtl^ the 
genitive resulting from the attraction of the pronoun with its antece- 
dent reK/jLrjpLcou. Poppo in his Suppl. Adnot. says '' per schema Kara 
Koivov explicanda verba." — — - fiaKporarop o-kottovpti, Poppo after the 
Scholiast explains these words, diutissime spectare. I prefer with 
Goel., Arnold, and Bloomf., to render it, going 'bac'k as far as ^yossihle 
in my inquiry. — — mo-revo-ai^ " intelligendum ooo-re, ita ut ficUm 
habeam testimoniis.'''' Bothe. ii^yaka refers to the ra which pre- 
cedes. is ra aXXa^ as it res]pects other things., i. e. civil affairs. 

For this use of is (old Attic for ds\ cf. K. § 290. 2. c. 


The inhabitants of Greece in its earliest state were for several reasons migratory (§§ 1, 2) \ 
the richest districts were most subj ect to this change of inhabitants (§§ 3, 4) ; while 
Attica from its sterility was more permanently inhabited (§ 5) ; for whicli reason it 
excelled in population the other states of Greece, furnished a refuge for such as were 
driven from their homes, and planted colonies in Ionia (§ 6). 

1. cjiaiverai — oIkovixIvy). With the participle, (fyalvea^ai signifies to 
appear.^ to show one^s self; with the infinitive, to seem., mderi. K.. 
§ 311. 8; S. § 225. 8. — — yap here introduces a confirmation of what 
was said in the preceding chapter, that neither the civil nor military 

affairs of Greece, in its earliest ages, were very considerable. ?; 

pvv 'EXXuff Ka\ovfji€pr]^ tohat is 71010 called Greece. S. § 225. 1. - — - 
^efBaicDs^ " modo flrmo ac stadilV Betant. — fxerapaardcreLs (mi- 

grations) ovo-ai. Supply c/)atVoz/rat from the preceding context. 

Tr)p iavTcov, their own country. -■ (Bia^ofxevoi, . , .irkeiopayp^ '•'' coacti 

ab Us., quicunque majore numero ipsos invaderent.''^ Haack. aet, 
fro77i time to time. When it has this meaning, del is usually placed 
between the article and the adjective or participle. Of. I. 11. §§ 1, 2; 
22. § 1, et saepe al. 

2. pefjiOficpoL., . .dTro^rfp^ each one holding as his own possession as 
much (only) as he could live on '^ just enough for subsistence. On 

Hosted by 


184 NOTES. [Book I 

oa-op, cf. K. § 332. R. 8.; S. §222. 6. diroC^v, ^^mtam tohrare.'" Be- 
tant. — — xp^^ftarcoz/ is well rendered by Bloomf. goods^ moneables^ 

froperty^ not money only. ovhk yrjv (pvrevovrc^^ not planting the 

earthy as with vines, olives, etc., since the enjoyment of the fruit of 
their labor would be so precarious. For the construction of abqKov ov 

(it leing uncertcdn)^ cf. K. § 312. 5 ; S. § 226. b. ottotc. The 

idiom of our language would have required d fir} after adriXop ov. -— 
fcat, also^ too. — — aT£ix^a-r(jiv — ovrow^ sc. avrcov, When the subject 
of the genitive absolute is a pronoun, which can easily be supplied 
from the context, it is often omitted. Reference is had in dreLxtcrrcov 
properly to abodes and dwellings. The construction is varied, for 

dreiXiCTTovs ovrai; d(j:)aLpr}(T€Tai (so. rrjv yrjp TrecfyvTevfievj-jv). afia., 

moreover.^ loitlial. /caS' r^iiepav {daily) is frequently found with 

verbs denoting to live^ to odtain a Ikelihood. dvayKiuov rpocprjs:^ 

necessary subsistence. ov xa^^^^^-) loitJiotit difficulty^ readily, 

Si' avTo^ i.e. on account of the little difficulty they made in emi- 
grating. — — 7rapa(TK€vfj refers to military apparatus. 

3. rrjg yrjs rj dplorrrj (== rfj? y^s- to irK^ldrov. Of. K. § 264. 2. c), 
tli6 ricliest country.^ literally, the lest of tlie land. - — - vvv Qea-aaXia 
Kokovixevrj. Thcssaly was in more ancient times called Emathia, 
Pelasgia, Pyrrha, etc. - — - 'ApKcibUis. The Arcadian country was 
mountainous,, and hence as their lands were uninviting, the an- 
cient settlers were suffered to remain unmolested, and they were, 

therefore, called by Herodotus avrox'^ovcg (cf. I. 6. § 3). aK\r]i 

oaa rjv Kpdricrra^ and loJiatever other parts were most fertile. 

4. dperrjP yrj 9 .^ fertility of soil. ricrl — iyyiyv6p,^vai='yiyv6p.^vaL iv 

TLo-i eap'^eipovTo refers to the persons who stirred up factions. 

- — »- djia. See E". on § 2, supra. — — dXkocj)v\(ov^ strangers^ foreign- 
ers.^ probably, for tlie most part, Greeks belonging to other tribes. 

5. yovp^ for instance. ■—- — eK rov inl TrXelo-rov — ovaav. This is 
explained by the Scholiast and some commentators, by making ovo-ay 
stand for ilvai^ thus blending two modes of expression, €k rod cm 
TrXilarou — ftfat, and ^Attlktjv ini TrkelorTov — ovaav. They then take 
cK Tov with ovaav (= clvai)^ and translate eVl TrXeicrrov.^ for the 
most part. But I prefer with Poppo, Arnold, and Bloomf (in his last 
edition) to regard Ik tov inl TrXeia-Tov as a single expression = e'^ 

dpxrjs^ from the 'beginning. XeTrroyewz^, thinness of soil^ sterility, 

A great part of Attica was bare rock, where nothing could be sown. 
But in the portions capable of cultivation, barley,, and even wheat 
were produced, and every sort of plant and animals throve in spito 
ot the poverty of the soil. Of. Boeckh's Pub. Ecou. Athens, p. 40. 
Agriculture was held in great estimation by the Athenians. Of. Xen. 

Hosted by 


Chap. IL] NOTES. 185 

(Econ. 4; Aristot. Polit. YI. 4. ol avroi (the same. S. § 160. 5) 

a€i Bee ISr. on IT. 36. § 1. 

6. Koi Trapddeiyfxa. . . .av^rj^rjvat^ and this is no small proof of my 
statement (viz.) that on account of the migrations^ Greece^ in its 
other parts (Js ra «XXa), did not increase in like manner (Sfjioicds) 
with Athens. After much examination, I am led to prefer this mode 
of translation, which connects Sm ras ix^roiKias. , . .av^rprivm A\'ith 
01) Xoyov, to the one adopted hy Bloorafield, which unites it with 
apadeiyfia ro5e. The irapadeiyfia (proof) is contained in the clause 
beginning with e/c yap rrjs oKXtjs. Goeh and others wonld erase is, 

and make ra aXka (= ra aXXa rrjs 'EXkddos) the subject of av^rj- 

^rji^ai. This gives the same sense with the subaudition of rrjv 'EXXd8a 
as the subject. The X6yo9 or statement to which Thucydides refers, 
as Arnold observes, is contained in the words ov x^^^^^raJs-. . . .Trapa- 
(TK€VTJ^ § 2, supra. The interpretation of Haack after Poppo, I can- 
not but regard as very wide of the mark : On account of the immi- 
grations into Attica, that country did not increase in other respects 
(i. e. in riches and military resources), in an equal d^egree with the 
number of its inhabitants. Kothing is said in the previous context 
about the comparative increase of the population and resources of 
Attica; therefore to introduce it here would be foreign to the design 
of the author, which seems to have been, to show how their migra- 
tory habits retarded the growth of many of the Grecian states. This 
he does by comparing them with Attica, where the population was 

stable and on the increase. ol TroXejjLw == eKTriTTTovres (being han-* 

ished, expelled) — ol bwaTayraroL = rcbv TroXe/xo) eKTrmToprcov ol 8vua- 
rddraroL, Melanthus and the Heraclidse are supposed to be especially 

referred to in ol bwarcoTaroL. cos ^e^aiov ov is an accusative 

absolute. Of. S. § 226. a; Mt. § 568. 3. ''Male Haack. x<^P^ov intel- 
ligit; debebat saltem rt, tanquam aliquid firmum^ Poppo. In 
abbreviated adjectival sentences, the predicate adjective stands in the 
neuter singular, when the subject to which it refers, expresses not 
any particular individual of a class, but merely the general notion. 

Of. Jelf's Klihn. § 381. TroXTrat yfyi^o/xeyot. In later times, it was 

with extreme difficulty that one, who came from another state into 

Athens, could obtain tliQ jus civitatis. drro jraXatov, of old, long 

ago. jueifcD eVi, yet greater. — — is ^Icovlav. This is a prolejms, 

inasmuch as Ionia received its name from the Ionian colonists, who 
being expelled from Peloponnesus, had taken refuge some sixty years 
before in Athens. A similar prolepsis is found in the use of ^ikcvovp- 

ra, YI. 4. § 2. cos "Attlk^s. Of. S. § 226. a. Bloomf. supplies 

\a)p€lv avTovs with ovx iKavrfs ovarjs^ 

Hosted by 


Igg NOTES. [Boor I 


E^^idence of the weakness of Greece in its more early times, is furnished in the fact, thar, 
before the Trojan war, no enterprise was undertaken by the states in combination, and 
that they had not yet any name in common (§ i); they gradually received the appella- 
tion Hellenes from Hollen and his sons, who had become powerful in Phthiotis, and were 
called in by the other cities to their aid (§ 2) ; of which Homer is a witness, who, though 
living at a far later age, nowhere calls them Hellenes, but restricts that name to those 
who came with Achilles from Phthiotis (§ 8) ; nor in contradistinction from them does 
Homer call any Barltarians^ inasmuch as the Greeks had yet no general name to which 
this appellation could be oppvosed (§ 4) ; the Trojan expedition was undertaken by them, 
only because at that time they began to turn their attention more particularly to naval 
affairs (§ 5). 

1. hi resumes the main subject, which was broken off by the 
parenthesis, /xtiXtcrra &e rrj? yJ]? k. r. X. in § 3, of the preceding 

chapter. ro§e refers forward to the sentence commencing witli 

TTpo yap Tcov TpcoiKQiv. ovx iJKLara^ fiakidra. Thncydides is 

fond of the litotes. rccv TpontKoiP^ the Trojan iom\ Of. Mt. § 445. 

6. d. (palverai — epyau-aixivq. See N. on I. 2. § 1. hoKcl he pLOi 

— elx<ev. By the omission of 6Vt, the dependent chinse here assumes 
the form of a principal chiuse. Great vivacity and strength is im- 
parted in such cases, by the omission of the w^ord denoting tlio 
dependent rehition. Of.*' Jelf 's Kiihn. § T98. 1. a; Kr. § 55. 4. 

N. 8. ■ In TO. pev TTpo ''EXk-qvos (in the times he/ore Ilellen)^ 

the article is joined in the same manner as in the phrases r6 cItto 
rouSe, TO 77 p6 TovTov^ ctc. Souie prcfcr, however, to make to. fieu 

— §^ = ra pev — ra §e, j^:>(:i!'r^i^?i — et partim. kol ttcxw ot/S/, not at 

all. Kal increases the force of irdw., as our word 'dery.^ in the phrases 

'cery mue\ i^ery little^ etc. Of. Kr. § 69. 32. IsT. 18. elvai rj iiTi- 

kXtjctls. l^otice the change of construction from dx^v-, the nomina- 
tive being here used with the infinitive, wdiich construction is raried 
again by the accusative with the infinitive in .KoXe^a'^aL '^EXX-qvas. 
The reason for this last change, seems to be the employment of the 
preceding accusatives with prepositions, Kara e'^vrj^ and koS' eVao-roiJ?, 
which are really subjects of Trapexecr^ai and KoXcla'^aL. Of. Mt. § 427. 

4. Obs. 2; Jelf's Kiihn, 372. Ohs. 2. aXXa re Kal^ and esjjecially. 

a(^' iavTcoi/^ from themselves.^ i. e. they themselves gave tlie name 

to their respective districts. 

2. "EXXt^w?, Hellen w^as the king of Phthia in Thessaly, and was 
the mythical ancestor of the Greeks, in contradistinction from the more 
ancient Pelasgians. Of. Smith's Diet. Gr. and Rom. Mythol. p. 378, 
— Irxv^^avTOiv., ho/oing 'become 'powerful. Of. I. 9. § 2. ~ iirayo* 

Hosted by 


Chap. III.] NOTES. 187 

liivoau (middle), so. dv^pQi7r(ov elicited from is ras liXXas ttoXcls vvhlon 

follows. avTovs refers to Hellen and his sons. irr ax^eXem, 

for aid^ i. e. of the cities which invited them. — — >ca3' eKaarovs^ one 

&?/ one^ singly. Tfj ojutiXia fxaXXov^ more iy intGTcourse than by 

any conventional arrangement. Poppo suggests that iiaKKov may 

signify, magis magisgue.^ in dies scepius. ov belongs to r^hvvaro 

(so. TO KoXdar'^aL '^EWrjvas). airacriv iKVLKrjcrai^ to come into use 

among all ; literally, to prevail^ to get the up^oer hand. Bothe takes 
cirraaL in the sense of jravTcos. 

3. ttoXKm — va-T€pop. Homer is supposed to have lived after the 
Ionian migration, which was 100 years subsequent to the Trojan war. 
No less diversity than 500 years is assigned to the various dates of 
his birth. The most probable supposition is, that he lived about 300 
years after the Trojan war. kol (before tq}v TpocuKwv)^ even. 

4. ovbe fiap^apovs fiprjKe. " Non negat Thucydides, vooem ^dp- 
PapGs Homeri estate et fuisse et peregrini quid indicasse (II. 2. 86T, 
Kapmv ^ap^apo(f)a)V(ov) ; negat, eam omnes exteros, tamquam Helleni- 

bus oppositos, complexam esse. Of. Odyss. 8. 294." Haack. bia 

ro /x?7Se "^Wr]vds tto) — aTroKeKpiV^at, 'because the Greelcs loere not yet 

5. 04 . , . . /cX7/SeVre9, these several (jKacrroi) Hellenistic communities.^ 
having been first called Hellenists by separate cities^ (i. e.) such as 
understood one anotlierh language.^ and afterioards all being called by 
that general appellation. There are other ways of translating this 
passage which for the sake of brevity I must omit. Some verbal ex- 
planations, however, are needful, ol b" is put for ovtoi be. ovv is 
resumptive, and takes up the assertion made at the beginning of the 
chapter, irpo rcav TpcoLKav, , . /EWds. As Arnold well remarks, what 
is there rj 'EXXaj, is now ol o)s eKaaroi ^''EW-qves., and the follow- 
ing words are a sort of explanation of the term, which properly 
speaking is an anachronism, ocrot.^ in the parenthetical clause oaoi 
dWrjkodv ^vvUaav., takes the gender implied in TroXeis-, ^wUarav is the 
ira2')erf. 3 plur. of ^wi-qfiL. For its construction with the genitive, of 

K. § 27b. 5. e. dpLi^iav dWrjkcuv^ want of intercourse with one 

another. errpa^av refers to '^'EWijves for its subject. dWa 

. . . . ^t;i//}XSoi/, 7^tty, it was only because (K. § 812. 3. b.) they icere better 
acquainted loith nautical affairs (literally, the sea) that they united in 
that ex2Jedition. This sentence introduces the remarks, which Thu- 
cydides now proceeds to make, on the origin of maritime affairs and 
the practice of piracy. It is unnecessary with Haack to supply h or 
Kara before (rrpareiav, as it is the cognate accusative after ^wrjX'^ov 
(K. § 278). 

Hosted by 


188 NOTES. [Book I 


Minos was the most ancient possessor or a navy, and having brought the Cyclades andei 
his dominion and expelled the Oarians, began to clear the sea of pirates (§ 1). 

1. yap is here inchoative and explanatory. In such instances it 
may be rendered 7ioio. " The Schol. remarks, tliat by three compari- 
sons Thocydides shows the slender power of the times which preced- 
ed the Peloponnesian war ; (1) by. comparison with the period before 
Minos, (2) with that from his age np to the Trojan war, (3) from 

thence to his own times." Bloomf. TrakaLTaros — vavriKou iiCTi^craro^ 

teas the most ancient 2^ossessor of a navy. Similar to this use of the 
superlative is the Latin primus Jioc facit = primus fuit^ qui faceret. 

— hv = eKelvcxiV lav. vvv '^'EXkr]ViKrjs '^aXda-orjs. '^ Trporepov yap 

'RapLKT] eKaXelToy Schol. It is now called the Archipelago. Ki;- 

Kkddoiv. These islands received this name, because they formed a 

kind of circle around Delos. olKLo-rrjs^ colonizer. Kapas e^e- 

Xda-as. Herodotus (I. 171) says that the Oarians were expelled by 
the Athenians. It is probable, that the Dorian and Ionian colonies 
wholly extirpated those old Oarian inhabitants, many of whom, 
doubtless, had been suffered to remain and enjoy equal privileges with 
the colony of Cretan settlers planted there by Minos. In this way, 
the apparently conflicting accounts of Herodotus and our author may 

be reconciled. ecj)' oaov rjbvvaro^ as far as he toas ahle. — rov 

— Uvai (S. § 222. 2 ; K. § 308. 2. b), in order that greater revenues 
might accrue to him. 


The Greeks and Barbarians anciently were much addicted to piracy, which, so far from 
being deemed unlawful or dishonourable, was regarded as in some measure conferring 
glory upon those who engaged in it (§ 1) ; this is seen in the traces of the custom stilJ 
remaining in certain parts of the continent, and from the testimony of the old.poeti 
(§ 2) ; robbery by land was also practised, which custom still prevails in some of the 
Gf&oi&n states (§ 3). 

1. yap serves here to introduce the origin and cause of the 

piracy, referred to in the close of the preceding chapter. oh 

roiv dbwaTcordrcdv. A litotes for. the most poimrful. See N. on I. 8, 

Hosted by 


Chap, v.] NOTES. 189 

§ 1. Kep^ovs Tpocfiris^ lotli for their own gain and to supply 

food to their poor, rois dcr'^evecn literally signifies, the weaJo^ infirm^ 
but as these persons are generally possessed of slender means of sub- 
sistence, we may render it as above. roU do-3ei/€o-t rpocjbf)? is put for 
cP€Ka Tpo<f)r}s rrjs tcov do-^ievecov. By attending to such passages the 
reader wiU see, in a manner, how Thucydides compressed his style. 
~- — - Kara Koapias oiKovpevais^ 'being inhabited like milages^ i. e. in a 

scattering manner like Sparta, Mantinea, Tegea, etc. rhv likfidrov 

.... iiroiovvTo^ derived thence the greatest poA^t of their livelihood, 
rhv nXela-Tov rod /3'tou=r6 TrXe^a-rov rov ^lov. See IT. on I. 2. § 3. 

— ^ ovK — TTO), not yet. (pepovros. . . ,pa\\ov^ hut rather bringing 

something (r\) of glory even. 

2. ot? . . . . Spaj', to lohom it is an honour to do this cleverly.^ in 
good style. Koapos == an adjective in the predicate. Some take KaXojs 
in the sense of humanely^ but this is a signification wholly unsuitable 
to the i^assage. As Bloomf. remarks, there is no word which better 
expresses the exact idea, than " our English word handsomely^ in the 
acceptation dexterously, ol TraXatoi rcop iroir^rcav = ol TrdXaLol TroirjraL 
Bloomf. I prefer, hoAvever, with Bothe, to refer ol TTakaiol to the 
persons spoken of by the poets, inasmuch as it was not the poets 
themselves who asked the questions here referred to. Thus also it 
may be opposed to rives en vvv. ras Trvareis — epccrayvres^ "i. e. 

interrogari advenas ab hosjntibus facentes^ nam non ipsi poetse per- 
coiitari poterant." Goeller. Trva-reis depends upon ipcorcovres as its 

cognate accusative. Of. K. § 278. 1 ; S. § 182. 2. hv Trw^dvovrai 

*== eK€L\.<idV Sjv (S. § 192. n. 3) Trvv'^dvovrat. Of. II. 57. § 1. ajra- 

^LovvTcov^ disowning^ holding unwoi'thy. oh oveihi^ovrodv. The 

order is : ovre oh (=== eKeivodV ols) impeXis c'lr] elbevai oveibi^ovrayv. 
The particles re — ovk respond to ovre in the first member. The free- 
dom from reproach here referred to is illustrated in Odyss. 3. 71. 

3. /car iJTT€Lpov^ by land, rjirnpos signifies the mainland of Greece 

as opposed to its islands. ro) iraXai^ rpoirco refers to the practice 

of piracy and robbery by land, just spoken of, and not, as Huds. and 
some others think, to the dispersed and defenceless condition of the 

people who inhabited the cities.- KoKpovs, . . .^KKapvdvas. Grote 

well remarks (Hist, of Greece, II. p. 388), that the Ozolian Loorians, 
the ^tolians, and the Acarnanians were the most backward mem- 
bers of the Hellenic aggregate. It was not until near the time of the 
Peloponnesian war, that much information is given respecting them. 
— — ro re (TL8r}po(j)op€lo-'^aL^ the wearing of armor (literally, the being 
clad in iron)^ is the subject of ipp^plvrjKc^ conthiued^ remained, as a 
custom, '■ — — diro rrjs TraKaids Xrjarelas. Anns would be worn ne- 


Hosted by 


190 KOTES. [BooKl. 

cessarily by the pirates and robbers, and also by those who would de- 
fend themselves from their attacks, otto here denotes the cause or 
occasion, 'by reason of. 


in tlie early times, all the Greeks wore ariDS even while pursuing their ordinai^y avocaticns 
(§ 1) ; a custom which is now piievalent in some parts of Greece (§ 2); and which was 
first laid aside by the Athenians, who adopted a more refined mode of life, although it 
was but recently, that the more elderly dispensed with the ornaments of a less civilizecS 
age and adopted the simple apparel now in use (§ 3) ; in this adoption of a more simpltf 
costume the Lacedtemonians took the lead (§ 4) ; and were the fir-st also who practise(?' 
gymnastic exercises naked, girdles having been before worn around the loins after tho 
manner of the barbarians (§ 5); in many other respects, there was a similarity betweei. 
the old Grecian mode of living, and that of the barbarians at the present time (§ 6). 

1. €(rt8r]pocl)6p€i. See JST, on I. 5. § 3. 8ia. . . ,olKr]asLs^ on ac- 
count of tlieir unprotected dic-ellings. Of. TToXeoLv dreLXLcrroLs^ I. 5. § 1. 
Bloomf. would render d(ppdKTovs olKqaeLs^ open milages or scatter ea 

hamlets. — — - ^wq'^rj = ^wrj^co^. dlaLTav refers here to the habits 

and modes of daily life {^^mtm genus et institutio.'''' Betant), and may 
be rendered, ordinary pursuits. /neS' onXoov —^ euonXoL. 

2. ravra ttjs 'EXkddos^ i. e. the Ozolian Locrians, JEtolians, and 

Acarnanians. Of. I. 5. § 3. en ovtco vefio/xeva^ retaining note this 

haMt; literally, living pet in this manner. twv nore (S. § 169. 1) 

—8LaLTr]f.idT(jov depends on crr^ixfLov. — — €s = extending to. 

3. eV rol^ TTpcoTOL.^ first of all (K. § 239. R. 2). Some render the 
phrase, among the first. But cf. Mt. § 290. 3 ; Jelf's Kiihn. §§ 137. 4; 
444. 5. a. See also ISC. on III. 17. § 1. dveipivr] rfj dialTr}^ hy a, re- 
laxation of manners.^ i. e. by adopting customs less severe. g( 

TTpea-IBuTepoi — rcov ev8aifji6voov= the older men of the opulent class. 

avTois (r^ €^ avTcou), of them^ among them. Mt. § 387; Orosby, 616. 

1. Sm TO djSpoS/atroi/, on account of their luxurious hahits^ as 

Arnold well remarks, explains why they wore the linen dress, not 
why they took it off. Hence these words are to be taken with 
(popovvres and not with irravo-avro. The structure of the sentence is 
quite confused. In respect to the wearing of linen garments, Goel. 
thinks* that the luxury consisted, not only in their being of linen ma- 

tei'ial, but oftentimes richly embroidered. xp'"^^^ '^P'-X^^i ^'^'' 

ranging the hair on their head in rolls ly the fastening of golden 
grasshoppers. " The x?'^^^^^ rerr lyes served (like the ornamented 
com'bs of modern times) to keep the top-knot (Kpco^i/Xov) in oi'der.-' 

Hosted by 


Chap. VI.] ^OTES 191 

Bloomf. Their shape bore a resemblance to the form of grasshoppers, 
a device which the Athenians seem to have adopted, to show that 
they w^ere natives of the soil (aurox'^ovep)^ as the grasshopper, wliicli 
was produced from the land itself. Aristoph. Eqnit. 1B81, alludes to 
these grasshopper-combs. The student is referred to Smith's Diet. Gr. 
and Rom. Antiq. p. 268, for an irxteresting sketch of the various way?^ 
in which the Greeks arranged Lheir hair, with appropriate illustra- 
tions, dvabovj. €voL depends on ^Travcravro (S. § 225. Y), and rwv rpi- 
XOiv limits Kp(ol3i)Xov. at/)' oy, f7^07n wJiioh custom of the Athe- 
nians. — — r} o-Kevr] Karicrx^ {the fashion prevailed) is &. hypaliage for 
oi Trpecr^vrepoL rcov ^Icoucov Karecrxov rrjv (TK€vr]v ravrijv, Bauer. 

4. perpia^ simple^ modest. is (before rov vvv)^ conformed to, 

K. § 290. 2. (3) b. — - — h ra aXka, in other respects. Ts-pos tovs 

TToWovs is to be construed after IcrohlairoL.^ which the Schol. ex- 
plains, S/jLoblaLToi. — — ol ra pel^o) KeKTTjpeuoL. This shows that in 
the estimation of Thucydides, equality of property was not a feature 
of the Laced83monian institutions. Grote (Hist. Greece IL pp. 620- 
525) exposes most admirably the dreams of Plutarch, in respect to the 
alleged redivision of landed property by Lycurgus, and his banishment 
of gold and silver from Sparta. 

5. iyvixvco^rja-av. The practice of contending naked in the Olym- 
pic games, which, as we are here informed, arose from the Spartans, 
was adopted in the 14th Olympiad, as it appears from an epigram 
on Orsippus the Megarean. Gottl. says that irpcaroL is not to be 
pressed too far, since the Lacedaemonians derived this custom from 
the Cretans. Of. Plat. Repub. Y. p. 452. A reference, however, to 
this passage in Plato, will show that the ayav^s are not referred to, 

but the games themselves. — is to <paP€p6u. There seems to by 

an ellipsis of TrpoeXSoivre?, exutis vestibus in conspectum progrdssi. 
So Bauer, Goeller, and Poppo. Haack makes is rh (pavcpbu = iv 
Tco cjyavepS or (j)avepcbs. Arnold's and Bloomfi eld's translation, for 
all to see^ making is denote either the designed or natural result of 
the action, is inadmissible, since the former was not true, and to 
iiotice the latter, as though the reader would need to be informed, 
that a combatant who exercised naked would be seen by all, does not 
comport with the brevity of Thucydides, who never turns aside to 
inform his reader of any thing, which he may be supposed to know. 

XiVa is an abridged dative for XtTrm, XiTra, from r6 XiTra. 

K. § 68. 9. rjXeiyj/avTO^ i. e. irpoiroi. rots- ^ap[3a.pots ecmv ols 

'«*ra)V ^ap(3dpo)V eanv ois (= ivtoLs. K. § 331. R. 4). vvv is t(» 

be constructed immediately after en Se Kal. Krijg. remarks with 

reason that a'^'Xa Ti'^erai should properly have been aSXcoz/ n^cfteuiov^ 

Hosted by 


J92 NOTES. [Book! 

and tlie following Kal omitted, since the difference between the 
Greeks and Barbarians, in the time of Thncydides, was not in the 
lustitntion of prizes for wrestling and pugilism, but in the barbarian 

OListom of contending with girdles around the loins. rovro refer^ 

to TO TTvyiiax^lv Kal ivaXaUiv^ elicited from the preceding substan- 
tives T^vyiirjs and TraKrjs. 

6. Krijg. constructs TToXka with o/jLoiorpoTra, but Bloomf. supplies 
Kara with ttoXXc and takes ofiowrpoTra adverbially. 


For the sake of security against the pirates, the more ancient towns were built some dis° 
tance from the sea, while such as were more recently founded were "built on the very 
sea-coast, or on isthmuses for the more convenient pursuits of commerce (§ 1). 

1. fjdrj TrXoLfjicorepcdv ovrmv^ navigation being now more advanced^ 
^'when things began to admit more o/ navigation. ^^ Arnold. nXoHfio)- 
repcov is found in the editions of Goel., Haack, Poppo, and Bloomf. 

The plural is here used for the singular. eV avrols roU ai.yiaXo'is^ 

uijon the mry sea-coast. S. § 160. 4. a. aTT€\a}x^avov^ ocGiqned, 

In other places, as lY. 45. § 2 \ 102. § 4, it is more fully written la'^phv 
aTToka^ovra ret;^/fetv, r€Ly(€<jiv cnvokap^av^iv. The A'^erb therefore may 
be safely rendered, they walled off^ enclosed loith walls. Of. Betant 
sub voce. Bloomf. illustrates the choice of commanding positions as 

the site of these towns, by referring to Corinth and Potideea. eVi 

Tvokv dvTLo-xovo-av^ for CO long time ^j-rey«Z6?i<^, '■^ diu obdiirante^n = din- 

turnam." Bothe. Of. IT. 64. § 5. ano in dno "^aXdaarjs denotes 

distance from a place, the verb of the proposition being one of rest. 
K. § 288. 1. b. Reference is had to such cities as Sparta, Thebes, Del- 
phi, Argos, etc. ecpepov., they (i. e. the pirates) laid waste^ ravaged, 

<p€pco in this sense is usually joined with ayco. tS^v, , , .cokow., as 

mcony of the others as lived on the coast (Kara) aKovu)^ although unac- 
quainted with maritime affairs. Haack supplies cKeipovs before oa-ot.^ 
on account of the preceding dX\r]\ovs. The participle owes is here 
concessive, and may be translated as a verb preceded by although. 
Cf. K. §312. 4. d; S. §225.6; ov '^akdo-(rioi= ovk epireipoL rrjs 3a- 

'kdcrorrjs. Kal p^xpi rovde k. r. X. resumes the narration, which 

was interrupted by the parenthesis €(pepov. . . .Skovv. — dvcoKio-pci^oi 
ela-l (= auco oiKoDcri), <^^'^ built at a distance from the coast. The 
ge-'idcr by constructio ad sensuni is put in the masculine, although the 
verb pn'perly refers to cities. Bee "N". on L § 136. 1. 

Hosted by 


Chap. VIII] NOTES. jgg 


Piracy was also practised by the islanders, whom the purification of Delos showed to have 
been mostly Carlans and Phoenicians (§ 1) ; but when Minos expelled the pirates from 
the islands, the sea became more open to navigation (§ 2); for which reason, the re- 
sources and power of those who dwelt on the sea-coast increased, and their mode of life 
becoming more settled, they sm-rounded their cities with walls, some of which cities 
obtaining the pre-eminence over smaller ones, attained to considerable consetiuence, and 
thus the way was prepared for the Trojan expedition (§§ 3, 4). 

1. Poppo thinks that this section belongs to the preceding chapter, 
inasmuch as it illustrates the subject matter of that chapter, ou;^ 
rjacrov = f^aXkov. — — ovreg^ who loere. The participle may sometimes 
be rendered by the relative and verb. Of. K. § 309. 3. b ; S. § 225. 2. 

• ovToi wKLo-av (colonized). Of. Herodot. I. 171; lY. 147; YL 

44. fiaprvpiov Be, See Trapabeiyfia^ I. 2. § 0. The full form is 

found in Herodot. IT. 58. T€Kfir]piov Be p,oi rovrov roBe {icrri). Of. 
Mt. § 628. 2./; Butt. § 151. 6. Ka'^aipoix6vr)s. After this purifica- 
tion of Delos by the Athenians on the advice of an oracle, they suf- 
fered no person to die on the island, but carried those whose end was 
approaching over into Rhenasa. — — rSde rco iroXeficp. Delos was 
purified at the end of the sixth year of the Peloponnesian w^ar. — — 
vrrep rjpio-v^ above one half. o-k^v^ tcov ottXcoi^ == oTrXots accord- 
ing to the opinion of some, but it is better to render a-Kevrj^ fashion^ 

make. ^virre?ia[xiJL€prj. Goel. edits ^vuT€?ia[Xfi€uov^ which yields the 

same sense. 

2f. The discussion of events seems here to be resumed from chap. 
4, at which place the historian digressed, to speak of the existence of 
piracy and robbery, and their effect upon the condition and habits of 
the various states of Greece, di may therefore be rendered, hoioever. 

Karaa-Tavros.^ having l)een established. TrXolfioiTepa =«» TrXo'tiico- 

repov. Of. N. on I. 7. § 1. ol €K rcov vy}(tcov KaKovpyoi dvecrrijo-au 

»== ol iv Tols vfjcroLs KaKovpyoi {the pirates) av€(jrr]G-av (were expelled) 
i^ avrmv. K. § 300. 4. a. Ttep gives a shade of indefiniteness to ore 
== about the time when. 

3. ol napa ?iaXacra-av au?ipco7roi^ i. e. the men who inhabited the 

«5ea-coasts. jjloXXov. . . .rroiovfjieuoL^ ha/oing now obtained possession 

of greater wealth. ^e^aiorepov has reference to a more permanent 

mode of living. • '^^^XV irepie^aXkovro (sc. rms TroXecrLp) ''^ras tto- 

\€LS r€i)(€(TLv €Kvk\ovv. TrXovcrLoarepoL eavran/ '= richer than they 

were before. yap " causam reddit verborum ^aiorepov Skovu et 

TeixT} Trept^dXXoyTO." Poppo. Kepbcov depends On icj)L€pi€V0L. K. 

§ 273. 2. b "• ■■ ol — ^crcrovS', the poorer. S. § 65. — — irpoa-eiToiovvTo 

Hosted by 


194 NOTES. [BoorL 

. . . .TToXets, tTiey won over and made o'hedient to tTiem the smaller cities. 
Two phrases are liere blended into one. 

4. fiaXXov rj8r] ovrcs^ leing now in a tetter state than formerly, i e. 
naving now become powerful and rich. Bauer interprets this pas- 
sage: magis est^ ut tali conditione jam fuerint, quara ut in ilia prisca." 
— r- vcrrepov XP^^^ ^^ varipco XP^^^^ ^ former reading, but now con- 
sidered a gloss. 


The expedition against Troy was set on foot, not so much by the suitor's oath to Tynds' 
rus, as the superior power and influence which Agamemncm had to any of the princes 
of his time (§ 1); for Pelops, by the wealth which he brought from Asia, became pow- 
firful in Peloponnesus (which took its name from him), which power was increased by 
Atreus. who obtained the sovereignty of MyceniB and some other states on the death 
of Eurystheus (§ 2); all which wealth and power Agamemnon possessing, he drew to- 
getlier the armament against Troy, more through the iiifluence of fear than attach- 
ment (§ o) ; for he fitted out the greatest number of ships for that expedition, accord- 
ing to Homer, who also speaks of his extensive sway (§ 4) ; from this expedition may 
be conjectured the nature and importance of those which preceded it (§ 5). 

1. Tcov Tore BwdfjieL npovx'^^', ^V teing superior in power to tlie 
princes of that time. The genitive depends on irpovxi^v (S- § 198. 2), 
which participle denotes means (K. §312. 4. e; S. §225. 3), and is 
opposed to rols opKois in the next clause. These clauses are inverted, 
the natural order being: So/cel ov too-ovtov — ay(x>v (oaov) rcov rore 
bvvdfjL€L TTpovxcov. — ' — KaT€ik7}iJLfX€vovs (ohstrictos). Thc oaths referred 
to are those which, at the advice of Ul3^sses, were impaled upon the 
suitors of Helen by Tyndarus, to approve of the cho'/.e vvhich she 
might make, and defend her from any violence whioh jjiight subse° 
quently be offered to her. Of. Apollod. III. 10. § 9. 

2. ol TO. aa(p6(rraTa k. r. X. The order is : ol bid^^fj^fvoi (cf. L 20. 
§ 1) ra o-a(j)6(TraTa liiKoTTovvqarioLiv^ those of the IVcoponnesians who 
have received the clearest accoimts. I prefer this to the interpretation 
which makes UeXoTTOvurja-lcov depend on ra a-ai^yea-rara : those who have 
received the clearest accounts of the affairs of Peloponnesus^ inas- 
much as in such a case, we should have expected it to have been writ" 

ten ra UsXoirovvrja-LaKSiv. a....ex«z/, whicJh he drought with him 

from Asia, a depends on exoav. ttju eVcoi/u/x/ai/ — o-xeii^, furnish- 
ed the name ; literally, had the naming.^ i. e. had it named after him- 
self. — — o\ju(iii belongs to iirrjkvT-qv ovra^ although he was a foreign- 
er. ToXs, . . .^vvevex^rivai. Haack, Poppo, and others render : tc 

liis posterity still greater power accrued.^ taking p^d^oa for a neutei 

Hosted by 


Chap. IX.] NOTES. jgg 

plural, or supplying bvvafiiv from the preceding context. Bloomf. 
translates : with posterity attained wpAo still greater estimation. In 
this case the construction would be : kol (Xeyova-iv) varepov en jjlcl^o) 
^vv€ve)(^rivaL (yivea'^aL) tols eKjovois. I prefer this rendering, because 
it seems to harmonize better with the context, it being the design of 
the author to exalt in this place the fame of Pelops, and to give his 
posterity (i. e. Atreus and Agamemnou) their meed of praise in the 

subsequent context. ~ vivo 'HpafcXeiSwz/. Eurystheus was slain by 

Hyllus and lolaus, assisted by Theseus. Kara to oIkcIov^ on ac- 
count of his relationship. r- Tvy^av^Lv depends on Xeyovai at the 

commencement of the section. avrov^ i. e. Atreus. The clause 

Tvyxdveiv avrbv would have followed firjTpos, , . ,avTa far more natu- 
rally as a genitive absolute : Kal (peuyovros top rrarepa K. T. X. The 
structure of the sentence, as Kriiger remarks, would have been im- 
proved, had 0VT09 been a primary verb. Sm top Xpva-tTrrrov S?dm- 

Top. The Schol. says that Pelops killed Ohrysippus, and Atreus fear- 
ing the same treatment fled from home. According to another tradi- 
tion, his step-mother Hippodameia hated him, and prevailed on her 
sons Atreus and Tljyestes to kill him, on which account Atreus fled 

away from the anger of his father. ■ doKovvra etvat, dy appearing 

to le (see K. on Trpovxo^i^-, I. 9. § 1), is connected to (j)6^co by kqI ap.a. 

MvKrjpaicop and ocrcov depend on ttjp ftao-Ckclap. 7rapa\a(3e'LV 

and Karao-TrjpaL have the same construction as Tvyxavap. rooi/ 

UcparcL^aiP depends on /xetfov?. Sthenelus the father of Eurystheus 
was the son of Perseus. 

3. a =- which wealth and poioer. Similar to this is the use of 

Taira^ Xen. Anab. I. 6. § 9. Of. I. 18, § 2. Kal pawiKa re, and 

in naval power also. On Ka\ — re, cf. S. § 236. IsT. 8. eVt nXeov^* 

fiiiXKov. — — la-xvo-ag. See N. on I. 3. § 2. ov <po^cp-, '^ot so 

much l)y affection as hy fear ; literally, not ly affection on ore (to 
TrXeioi/ = jxaXXov) than dy fear. 

4. cjyaiperai — dcfiLKopePos^ See IsT, on I. 2. § 1. et too iKapos 

r€Kpr)pLcci(TaL^ if Ms testimony he regarded valid. It is here meant, not 
that the testimony of Homer is to be distrusted, but that some allow- 
ance is to be made for poetical exaggeration. eV....rg irapa-- 

boa-ei. Of. II. 2. 108. Tov orKrjTTTpov. This sceptre Avas a lance, 

which the Oheroneans venerated as a god. Of. Pausan. 9. 40, p. 795^ 

cited by Gottl. ~ — pIjo-cop depends on eKpaTci. e^co = x^P'-^r 

prceter. rjireLpd^rr]^ w/^, inasmuch as he was an inhabitant of the 

continent. See K. on I. 5. § 3. The participle here denotes the reason 
IV cause. Of. K. % 312. 4. b ; S. § 225. 4. See also N. on I. 20. § 2. 

5. ola rip ra rrpo avTT]S'=^how po'weoftU ioere the armaments before it. 

Hosted by 


196 NOTES. [Book I 


It is no reason why the poetic account of the greatness of the armament against Trey 
should be discredited, because Mycente ^Yas apparently a small city (§ 1) ; this will ap- 
pear evident, if, Lacedcemon having been overturned, any one should attempt to ascer- 
tain its power from its ruins (§ 2) ; the Trojan expedition ought therefore to be re 
garded as greater than any which preceded it, but inftrior to those of the present age 
(§ 3) ; for Homer makes the number of the ships 1200, the largest containing 120, the 
smallest 60 men (§ 4) ; which number cannot be considered great, when regarded as the 
combined force of the whole of Greece (§ 5). 

1. on. , . .rju^ heccmse Mycence was a small city. See IST. on cos /3e- 
^aiov 6V, I. 2. § 5. Haack and Poppo supply irokicrfxa from the fol- 
lowing clause. Mycensa was destroyed by the Argives, in the 78th 
Olympiad, a. o, 468, thirty-seven years before the Peloponnesian 

war. rj €L TL. . ., elmi^ OT if any of the cities of those times^ etc. 

Bloomf. makes this clause parenthetical, and renders : and which of 
the cities of those times does not noio a2)pear inconsideraMe f But I 
think this to be unnecessary, as the commonly received signification 

makes apposite sense, u^id;^pea)i/, worthy of notice. ovk., . , elpr]- 

Kao-L^ no one using this (i. e. on MvKrjvaL yuKpov k. r. X.) as a certain 
proof should disbelieve that this armament toas as great as the poets 
represent, av belongs to xp^^f^^^os and gives the sense no one using 
etc. (if any one should peradDenture use it as a proof), fxrj is added 
to the infinitive because preceded by a-mcrToirj.^ a verb of denial. Of. 
Mt. §534. (9&S. 4; K. § 318. 8; S. §230. 3. Sometimes on ov and 
cos ov are used in this construction with the indicative or optative. 
— — Karex^t-) prevails^ obtains. 

2. Sparta and Athens are now brought forward as illustrative of 
what has just been said, yap (illustrantis) may therefore be rendered, 

for example. rrjs KaTao-K^vrjs ra iddcjyr)^ the foundations of the 

edifices. Karaa-Kevrj signifies fixed or permanent furniture.^ and hence, 
as here, is put for buildings.^ especially public edifices and large man- 
sions. ■ TToXKtjV — ciTna-Tiav rrjs bvvdp,ecos — rrpos ro Kkeos avrcdu^ much 

doubt of their power in comparison with (frpos) their f»me^ i. e. with 

what their fame represented it to be. TrpoeX^ouros ttoWov xpouov^ 

in a long lapse of time. toIs cTreira^ to posterity (S. § 169. 1). 

limits etmt, which has for its subject, dma-rLav. UeXoTrowrjcroi 

,.,.pLOLpas. The five divisions of Peloponnesus were, Laconia, Mes- 
senia (which was subject to Laoedsemon), Argolis, Achaia, and Arca- 
dia (which included Elis). In Argolis were included tiie Epidaurians 
T^'oezenians, Corinthians, and Sycionians. rSov e^o) ^vp.{xdx(ov noX 

Hosted by 


Chap X] NOTES. I97 

\cov. This was true after- the Peloponiiesian war, when Thucydides 
composed the history. Before the war, the Spartans had few if any 

subject states out of Peloponnesus. — ovre ^yuoiKLo-^elcnj^^ '•^not 

compactly luilty Bloomf. TroXeo)?. For the omission of the 

article, cf. K. § 244. R. 3. Kara Kcaixas^ in milages. Miiller (Do- 
rians, II. p. 48-50) says, that the names of these hamlets or villages 
were Pitana, Messoa, Limnaa, and Oynosura, Avhich lay on all sides 
around the city {ttoXls) properly so called, and were divided from one 
another by intervals, until at a later period (in the time of the Mace- 
donian power), they were encl'osed with walls and united and incor- 
porated together, l^iebuhr supposes that such was the early state of 
Rome, to which Arnold adds the Borghi of Florence, and some of the 

Italian towns. (paivoir\ sc. ttoXls from the preceding TroXecos. A 

Schol. supplies dwafxis from the foregoing rrjs dvmfxecos. 'AS77- 

palcov. . , ,7ra'^6uT(ov is put for el be ol 'ASj^mToi TraSoter, and responds 

to the preceding members, el €pT][X(o^eLrj^ Xrjcjy'^eLr} 8e. ft/cafeo-Sat 

depends on otjuat, the words Kairoi vnodeeo-Tepa being parenthetic. 

rj ea-TLv^ instead of a noun in the regimen, is uncommon after 

words implying the idea of comparison, like BtTrXacrtav. 

3. ovKovv (iTTLo-Teli/ ftKos", heiice it is not propei' to doubt = we ought 

not to doubt. Tr]v o-Tpareiav^ i. e. the armament lilted out against 

Troy. Ta)v in tmp irpb avrrjs depends on fxeyi<jTr]v. Xemoixi- 

vr]v he rcov vCv, but falling short of those at the present time. 

KCLvrav'^a (i. e. kol evrav^ia) " has the same sense as if Thucydides had 
written koI rrepl ravrrjs rrjs drpaTelas Xeyovri. Therefore the relative 

riv is in the feminine gender." Arnold. eVl rh ixel^ov — Koa-firjcrai^ 

to exaggerate for the salce of embellishment.^ '-Hn majus celebrareP 
Poppo. Kat ovTixi^.^ i. e. even with all the embellishment of Homer. 

4. ;^tXia)j/. ...z/e«z/. The Schol. says that Homer's number of the 
ships was 1166. Eustathius finds in the catalogue the number of 
1186. Thucydides may be supposed to have used a round number. 
dvdpcdu depends upon rag pev (i. e. vavi)., as the genitive denot- 
ing the contents, or that with which a thing is filled; shi20S of 
(= holding, carrying) 120 men. In the same manner we find TrXola 
(TLTov and apa^ai dirov. Of. Kr. § 47. 8. IST. 4. Kriig. in his note on 
this passage remarks that, as we can say al vries rjcrav (vrjes) eKarov 

dv8pa)P^ so also we may say ireirotrjKe ras vavs {vavs) eKarov dubpcdu, 
• ciXXcDv yovp, . , .napeo-Kevao-peva is generally regarded as paren- 
thetic, the main subject being resumed by ovv in 'jvpos ras p^eyia-Tas 

a^j,. avreperai (sc. veihv., cf. III. 18. § 5), themselves rowers. I 

have put a comma after Travres.^ because iv rals ^iXoKrr]Tov vavo-X is 
by no means to be joined with r^a-av but is to be taken in the sens^ 

Hosted by 


i98 NOTES. [BooKl 

of, in what Tie has said of the ships of Philoctetes. Trepiveccs, s^^ 

pernumeraries^ i. e. those who are merely passengers, and take no part 

in the management of the ship. rav. . . .reAet, those particularly 

in office = the chiefs. Of. ra reXrj^ J. 58. § 1. — — jueXXovras- should 
properly be jdeXAovrcov^ hut as in that case it would have referred to 
3aortXea)v, and not as it does to the whole armament of the Greeks, 
the accusative was adopted, the subject being partly contained in the 
subject of the primary verb, Treplvecos TroWovg ^vixirkelv^ as Arnold 
remarks, having exactly the same meaning, as if Thucydides had 
written Treplvecos ttoWovs ixetcl a-<pa)v ayeiv. The subject of peXXov- 

ras is therefore ''EXkrjvas to be supplied. KarcKppaKTa^ decJcecl^ loith 

decJcs. Their ships were covered only in the prow and stern, which 
covering Homer calls iKpla pr]bs (cf. Odyss. 12. 229). Even in the 
time of the Persian war, the ships were not entirely covered (cf I. 14. 
§3, avrai,. . .Karaa-TprnpaTo), Of. Smith's Diet. Gr. and Rom. Antiq. 

p. 58. \7j(TTLKaiT€pcov, rctthcT ciftcr the piratical fashion. 

5. Trpoff. . . . o-KOTTovvTL^ in reference to the greatest and the smallest 
ships^ if we looJc at the medium = if we looh at the medium 'between 
the greatest and the smallest ships, npos here denotes fitness.^ con- 
formity to. Of K. § 298. III. 3. b. ovv=I say then^ or accordingly. 

o-KOTTovvTL limits (pttLPovTai. ws — TTe/xTTo/xewi, heing regarded as sen t. 

K. § 312, 6. 


The want of moans to support an army, was a reason why the armament against Troy 
was no larger; and so limited were they in their resources, that thev were obliged to 
engage In expeditions into the surrounding regions, in order to obtain subsistence for 
the army, which fact shows why the siege was so long protracted (§ 1) ; for if they had 
pressed the siege vigorously with their whole force, they might easily have taken the 
place (§ 2) ; but want of pecuniary resources made the military operations prior to this 
expedicion feeble, and even this was inferior to its fame as celebrated by the poets (§ 3). 

1. atVioi^, the reason of this paucity. dxprjparLa^ locmt of 

money. • rij? yap rpocfyrjs. The article, as Bloomf. well remarks, 

refers to something to be mentally supplied, as the food.^ sc. necessary 
for their sustenance. — — avro'i^ev.^ from the place itself i. e. from the 

Trojan country. • nokepovvTa denotes the means. See K. on I. 9. 

1 1.. — Tf in iTrecBrj re responds to re in tov re orTparov. brjkop 

Hosted by 


Cbap. XL] NOTES. 199 

, . . . ireixia-avTo is a parenthetic clause, confirmatory of eVeiSj} re ... . 

eKpdrrjcrai/. The proof of dr]\ou di is introduced by yap. ovk av 

iT^ix'icravTo. Supply mentally e/ fir) fj-dxi) iKpdrrjfjau. he in 5' 

ovS' is resumptive. It is often found after particles of time in the 
apodosis. — — ivrav'^a^ i. e. when they had gained the first battle. 

TTpos yeiopylav. Eiistath. (ad. 11. p. 887) says that Diomedes 

ploughed the Thracian fields, and was not present at the theatre of the 

war. \rjaT€iav. Under the conduct of Achilles, the Greeks made 

excursions into the surrounding country and pillaged many cities. 
Xr)(TT€La^ although a word denoting piracy, is here to be taken in a 
modified sense, of j^j-^'Z^a^m^ ex2oeditions^ excursions for '^ as 
Bloomf. remarks, bearing some resemblance to the ^prwateering of 
modern times. — — 37, '-^Iiog igiticr modo sen quam ob causamy Poppo. 

Of. I. 25. § 4; II. 2. § 3 ; III. 13. § 2. avrS^v bie(nTapp.evcov refers 

to the Greeks. ra b^Ka err]. The time of the siege was well 

known, and hence the article is prefixed to Se'm err]. Of. Kr. § 50. 2. 

N. 1. jSia is to be taken with dwclxoi^^ and not with avriiroKoi 

(== avrd^ia) as Bauer supposes, since it has the sense of impetu^ m^ and 
not diribus. It is singular that Ilier. Miiller should connect /3ta with 
avTOdv bieonvapiiivcuv. The idea is that, in consequence of the disper- 
sion of the Greek forces in quest of the means of subsistence, the Tro- 
jans were enabled to make successful resistance in the open field, 
?,gainst those of their enemies who were left to carry on the siege. 
del, for tlie time being. See iST. on I. 2. § 1. 

2. exovTE^^ tcith. K. § 312. R. 10. (bpoot, being collected to- 
gether. — — ^vpLx^s rou TroXefjLGp di^cjyepop^ had carried the vmr 
through (i. e. to a successful termination) toithout any inter ru23tion, 

pLaxjl belongs to Kparovvres and not to elXov. ol ye. K. 

§ 317. 2. del. See N. on the previous section. ttoXlopkIo. S* 

civ TTpocTKa^e^oiJievoL, but had thep ap^^H^d themselves to the siege ; ht- 
erally, sat down to the siege. Poppo con^iects tiu with elAoz^. 

3. TovTcov., i. e. tbe expedition against Troy. — — avrd ye Brj ravra^ 
indeed this itself (K. § 803. 3). Tlie ])lnral is here used also, although 
referring to the Trojan expedition, the idea of events in the expedition 
being prominent in the writer's mind. — — yemiieva is here concessive. 
See N. on I. 7. § 1. — — 8i]\otTaL — oi^ra, isshoion to have been, hrfkovi 
with a participle signifies, to disclose^ reveal., with an infinitive, to say., 

to announce., etc. K. §311. 12. ~ Ka\ rod . . . .KaTeo-xrjKOTo^^ even 

the report lohich., through the medium of tJie foets.^ is now cicrrent re^ 
bpecting it. See N". on I. 10. § 1 (end). 

Hosted by 


200 NOTES. [B«JOK i 


The Greeks still remained in an unsettled condition after the Trojan war, and therefore 
made no great improvement (§ 1); this resulted, among other things, from the factions 
which had arisen during that war, and through which, those who returned were banished 
from their respective countries (§ 2); the Boeotians and Dorians changed their abodes 
(§ 3) ; the country at length becoming tranquil and the population no longer migraiory, 
colonies were sent out to Ionia, Italy, Sicily, and other regions (§ 4). 

1. eVa Kal^ then also^ and even. Cf. I. 69. § 5. en, . . .ixcTa- 

KL^ero, was still moving from place to place and changing abodes. 
Every edition before me, except Dindorf s, has KarcoKtCero^ instead of 
/xerft)/c/fero, which Arnold renders, was settling itself i. e. was not yet 
settled. — ■■ — aiarT€. , , ,av^r]'^rjvaL= co(TT€ firj T]crvxii(Ta(Ta kol fjcrj av^r]- 
SJjrat, inasmuch as the negative belongs to tlie whole clause. Cf. K. 
§ 318. R. 5. Poppo, however, resolves the clause into, coa-re firj ijav- 
xdoracra kol ovt(09 av^r]'^rjvaL which makes no material difference in the 
sense, since omco^ refers to a state of rest, which is denied in ft?) i)(tv- 
xdaaora. ITot much different from this is the translation of Bloom- 
field : so as to enjoy too little quiet to onalce any progress in poiGcr. 
Tjcrvxdcracra is put in the nominative (for rjo-vxo-orao-av) by attraction 
with r] 'eXXo's", the subject of the principal verb. Cf. Jelf 's Kiihn. 
§ 863. Obs. 5 ; Kr. § 55. 2. ISTs. 1, 4. Goeller commences tl^ 
apodosis to enel, . , .av^rj'^rjvat, with fioXis re iv noXkcp k. r. X., §4 
infra. All the intervening words, both he and Bloomf. enclose in a 

2. xpo^^^ yeuofxipTj^ talcing place after so long a time. Of. Odyss. 

17. 112. TToXXa belongs to eVeox/^axre, made many changes. — -— 

(Trdaei^.^ factions. «$• eVl ttoXv, for the most part .^ generally. 

d^ hv., by which (see N. on divo TroKefiov^ I. 24. § 4), sc. o-raa-fcoi/, and 
not TToXecov^ which would either be without the preposition or else 

take cK. €K7TL7rrovT€s — eKTL^ov. Tlic subjcct Is ol TToXiTaL cllcited 

from the preceding noXecri. ras nokeis. The use of the article 

Poppo (Proleg. I. p. 200) thus gives: '•'• claras nrles, quas inde 
novimus extitisse.'''' See IsT. on to. b^Ka ert]^ I. 11. § 1. The chiefs 
who are here spoken of as being expelled from their country, wei-o 
Teucer, Philoctetes, Diomedes, Menestheus, Pyrrhus, Idomeneas, etc. 

3. "Kpvrj£, The Thessalian Arne is here intended. The Boeotian 
Arne which was thus colonized was afterwards called Oheronaia 
'CoToneia., Leake). dvacrrdirres^ being expelled. The aorist active 

Hosted by 


Ohap. Xn.] KOTES. 201 

has here a passive sense. S. § 20T. N". 3. av in a<^* av is plural 

because aTrobacrfio?^ to which it refers, has a collective idea. Miiller 
says, that the writer added tliis through deference to the authority of 
Homer. But in the catalogue of the ships, the Boeotians are repre- 
sented as possessing the whole of what was afterwards called Boeotia, 
and could not therefore have been a portion only of its inhabitants. 
Grote (Hist, of Greece, 11. p. 22) says that Thucydides has not re- 
moved the discrepancy between himself and Homer by this statement, 
but only made it less strikingly obvious. The subject is involved in 
difficulty. Acoptrjs arxov. During their exile from Peloponne- 
sus, the Heraclidse took up their abode in Doris, ^giraius having be- 
queathed to Hyllus his dominions, in gratitude to Hercules for having 
reinstated him in his government which he had lost. It was thus 
that eighty years after the capture of Troy, they planned the recovery 
of their ancient possessions, the traditionary name of which expedi- 
tion is " the return of the descendants of HerciilesP Of. Cramer's 
Greece, Vol. H. p. 101 ; Mailer's Dorians, I. p. 60 seq. The invasion 
WdS successful, and all Peloponnesus, except Arcadia and Achaia, fell 
into their power. Grote (Hist, of Greece, 11. p. 18) thinks that Thu- 
cydides or some previous author, computed this epoch of eighty years 
by the generations in the line of Hercules, the first generation after 
Hercules commencing with the siege of Troy, which, reckoning thirty 
years for a generation, would bring the fourth generation to coincide 
with the ninetieth year after that period, or the eightieth year after 
the city was taken. This would agree with the distance in which 
Tiepolemus, Temenus, Oresphontes, and Aristodemus stand removed 
from Hercules. oySoT^/coo-ro) eVft. Eepeat \xiTa 'iXlov akcocnv. 

4. jt/oXir, scarcely^ not at lengthy as that idea is contained in iv 

TToKkc^ Xpovco. avKTTaixivri^ leing unsettled^ migratory. See tlie 

use of this word in the previous section and in I. 8. § 2. e^eVf/x^l^e. 

I prefer with Haack, Goeller, Poppo, and others, the imperfect 
e^eVe/iTre, because the writer is here speaking of colonization in gen- 
eral and not of any specific colonies. 'iraXias-, i. e. the southern 

part of Italy, in which were many Grecian colonies, and which was 

called by later writers Magna Grsecia. ecrrt^ o x«pf« ("-^Vm 

Xixipia), See K. m I. 65. § 3. 

Hosted by 


202 NOTES. [BooE I 


As Greece increased in power and wealth, tyrannies began to be established, and increasing 
ftttentiDn was given to maritime affairs (§ 1) ; in which Corinth led the way, triremog 
being said to have been built first there (§ 2) ; and at the same time Aminocles the 
Corinthian constructed four for the Samians (§ 3) ; the earliest sea-fight took place be- 
tween the Corinthians and the Oorcyrseans (§ 4) ; Corinth, by its favorable position for 
the land trade between Peloponnesus and the rest of Greece, and also for its maritime 
advantages, after the suppression of piracy, became a double emporium and arose to 
gi-eat opulence (§ 5) ; the lohians also, in the times of Cyrus and Cambyses, possessed a 
considerable navy, as did also Poly crates and the Phocseans (§ 6). 

1. rrjv KTr,cnv — 7roiovixhr]s^ liaving oMained the possession of. — — - 

fiaWov is here employed as an adjective. ra ttoXXo. is to be taken 

adverbially (= eirl to ttoKv)^ for the most part^ ^ery generally (K. 
§ 279. R. 8), i. e. in most of tlie states. — ~ — rvpavpides^ absolute sove- 
reignities. Reference is had in this term to the mode, in which ah 
solute power was obtained, rather than the manner in which it was 
exercised. As opposed to the Jdngshi2y spoken of below, it signified 
power usurped and unlimited, in distinction from that which was 
legitimate, hereditary, and limited by constitutional restrictions. — - — 
eVi pr^Tols yepacri^ loith defined prerogatives^ i. e. such as had been 
long established by usage and common consent. eVl here denotes 
condition^ K. § 296. II. 3. b. — ^ — irarpiKai^ ancestral^ hereditary, 
Goeller thinks that iraTpLKal jSaa-ikeLat does not signify, dominion re- 
ceived from oneh father.^ but rather to -rraTpiKov et to Kara vop^ov elvai 
iraTptov^ and that the word rraTpLKal is used, because it includes the 
signification of paterni etpatrum ex institutis administrati regimi7iis. 
But his reasoning in support of this is by no means satisfactory^ — — 

vavTLKo. T€ €^r)pTV€To^ hegan to fit out for himself no/dies. ■ dpTel- 

XouTo (so. at ''EWr]V€£ from r} 'BXkag in the previous clause), hegan to 
apply themselves. So Betant in hoc loco. 

2. TpoTTOv depends on lyyvTaTa, S. § 195. 1. fisTaxetpLO-ai^ to 

change in the structure. A Schol. says that the alteration consisted 
In converting vessels of fifty oars into triremes. Thucydides uses 
fx^Tax^ipia-ai here in the sense of the middle fxeTax^ipia-aa-^iai. A sim- 
ilar usage may be found in bovXovi^^ I. 16. § 1 ; III. 37. § 4, and KUTa- 

Xixrat^ III. 46. §1. — TO. rrepl Tag i>avs=the structure of ships; 

lite^rally, those things pertaining to ships. K. § 295. III. 3. tyjs 

'EXkd8os is added, says Poppo, because triremes had before this been 
In use among the Phoenicians. 

8. 'SaixioLs^ for the Samiam^ depends on mnrja-a^. For the con- 

Hosted by 


Chap. XIIL] NOTES. 203 

struction of <l)aiv€Tai-—TToiri(Tas^ see I:^. on I. 2. § 1. — — ftaXicrra, aloiit^ 
in Toundj miiribers, Goeller prefers the sense of ferme instead of cir- 

citer. : roil TToXe/xou, i. e. the Peloponnesian war. This shows that 

Thiicydides wrote the preface of his work, at least, after the war had 

4. hv==-iKdv(x)v a?, of which equivalent, the antecedent depends 

on TrdXairdrr)^ and the relative is governed hy to-jxev. Kopti/Stcoy 

TTpos KepKvpalovs. Between the Oorhithians and Gorcyra3ans tiiere 
existed the most inveterate enmity, although tlie latter people were a 
colony of the former. The expedition here referred to was the one 
conducted hy Periander to avenge the death of his son Lycophi-on, 
whom he had driven from his home and banished to Corcyra, but 
afterwards recalled in his old age, and whom through fear of Perian- 
der, who was to take the place of his son, the Oorcyrasans murdered. 
Of. Herodot. III. 50-53. — — ravrrj (so. paxii)-, from the time of that 

hattle. For this use of the dative, cf. Mt. § 888. c. p-^XP^ ^^^ avrov 

Xpovov^ i. e. the close of the Peloponnesian war. 

5. yap, now. See N. on I. 4. § 1. del is strengthened by dr] 

jTore = alioays at all times. — — > ipnopiov., a place of traffic.^ a com.- 
mercial town. This name was generally applied to maritime places, 
wliere articles of merchandise were imported and exported. — — 'EX- 

Xrjvcov is in the genitive absolute with eTripLo-yavrcdV. rb TraXa/, in 

olden time. — rd, TrXetco, more. dta .... inipLcryovrwv.^ having 

intercourse with one another through their territory. rois iraXatols 

iroLrjTOis. Reference is had to Homer, who says (II. 2. 670) : 
Oi de MvKrjvas €l)(ov ivKrlpcvov TroXteSpoi/, 

— /xaXXoy eVXoodfoi/, degan to attend more to navigation ; Hterally, 
'began to sail more. eirkmCov is a poetic word. Ka^Srjpovi/. I con- 
cur with Poppo, Goeller, and others, in referring this verb to the Corin- 
thians, inasmuch as rds vavs evidently means, the shii^s just mentioned 
(i. e. the Corinthian ships), and the following context shows a change 
of subject. Poppo notes a similar variation of the subject in II. R. §4 
III. 16 (init.) ; 52 (init.). Such abrupt changes are not wonderful in 
a writer like Thuoydides, who makes every thing subordinate to 
brevity. — — ■ dpf^iorepa., hoth ways., i. e. Corinth became an emporium 
for traffic by sea as well as by land (K. § 279. R. 10 ; Butt. § 115. 5). 
It is remarked by critics that dfjLfjioTepa may be taken in three senses, 
1, by sea and by land ; 2, to the Greeks both within and without the 
isthmus ; 3, to the two ports of Corinth, viz. Cenchrea and Lechseum. 
The first is the only interpretation which has claims to be considered 
as the true one, -™ XPVP'^'^^^ depends on ttpoo-oSg), 

Hosted by 


204 KOTES. [Book I 

6. ''icacriv limits yiyverai^ of which vavriKov (7iavy) is the subject. 

iirl Kvpovj in the time of Gyrus. K. § 296. II. 2. rrjs — /caSs' iavrovs 

^akdcrarjs^ their own sea ; literally, the sea over against them. Foi the 

construction of ^aXaorarjs in dependence on eKpar-qaav, cf. S. § 189. 

Kvp(p TTokepovvres, Cf. Herodot. I. 1 61 et seq. The participle here de- 
notes time, while they were carrying on war. K. § 312. 4. a ; S. § 225. 

2. UokvKpaT-qs. See Herodot. III. 39, 120. eVt Kapj36aov. 

See N. on eVi Kvpov supra. 'Ffjveuw^ Bhenea^ one of the CycJades 

(see IS", on I. 4. § 1) so near to Delos, that Polycrates is said (III. 104. 

§ 2) to have connected them with a chain. due^rjKe (consecrated) 

.... ArjXico. The way in which this was done is mentioned in III. 

104. § 2, and Herodot. III. 34, 122. MaacraXLav oIkl^ovtcs. Arnold 

remarks that this is not to be understood as referring to the sea-light 
mentioned by Herodot. I. 166. He understands Massalia as being set- 
tled by a colony, sent out fifty-five years earlier than the flight of the 
main body from the arms of Cyrus, and therefore founded long before 
the subjugation of the parent state to the Persians. If this be true, 
the sea-fight here referred to must have been fought with the Cartha- 
ginians, some time previous to the one spoken of by Herodotus. 


Many generations after the Trojan war, the Greeks possessed bijt four triremes, the most- 
common ships being fifty-oared vessels and long barks (§ 1) ; and it was only just before 
the Persian war that the tyrants of Sicily and the Corcyrseans possessed any considerable 
number of triremes (§ 2) ; the ^ginetae and the Athenians had but few ships, and those 
mostly of an inferior class, until Themistocles incited the latter people to the coniitruction 
of better ones, although, even then, not decked throughout (§ 3). 

1. Poppo and Haack disconnect this chapter from the preceding 
one, by placing a period instead of a colon after vavpaxovvres. Bloomf. 

closes the preceding chapter with the words vavriKcdv rjp. yap, 

then., now., an inchoative use of this connective, which is so frequent, 

that, unless in special cases, it requires no further notice. ravra., 

i. e. the navies just mentioned. yeveals is the dative of time vjhen^ 

A generation was reckoned at thirty years (see E". on I. 12. § 3). — — 

y€v6p€i>a^ although lyeing. See N. on I. T. § 1. xP^l^^^^ depends 

on (paLPerai. See IST. on I. 2. § 1. ■ TreprrjKovropoLS. These fifty 

oai*ed ships were of that class called poprjpss., because the rowers sat in 
one rankj twenty-five on each side, These ships were first introduced 

Hosted by 


Chap. XV. J NOTES. 205 

by the Phooasans. Of. Smith's Diet. Gr. and Rom. Antiq. p. 877. 
S' ert, tut still. i^-qpTVfjiha., provided witli^ or perhaps con- 
sisted of would be a signification more appropriate in this passage. 
mairep eKelva (so. roiv TpcoLKccv)., as those in the Trojan war. 

2. oXlyov T€ (so. pouov)., and only a short time. ra>v MrjbLKcov 

refers to the first invasion of Greece by Darius. jx^rd^ after. 

TTfpt T€ StKeXmi/, around Sicily (K. § 295, III. 1. b), i. e. on the Sicil- 
ian Coasts. If however nepl Si/ceXfW = 2i/ceXiKoTfy the order should 

be: rots- TvpdvvoLs irepl ^iKiKiav. h TiXrj'^o^., in a considerable 

number. K. § 290. 2. 1. b. The context demands the subaudition 

of povov after d^ioXoya, in the sense of the only navies iDorthy of note. 

3. €t rives aXXot, SC. vavTLKa eKeKrrjvro. A shade of doubt is coni" 
municated by el to the clause : such others (if there were any) as had 

navies. For this species of brachylogy, cf. K. § 346, 4. jBpaxea 

{=: p,iicpd. Of. 1. 74, § 3 ; 117. § 3 ; 140. § 1), inconsiderable^ small as 
to numbers, although there may be a reference also to magnitude. 
Haack supplies TrXoTa, but vawLxa is to be preferred. — — oyjrs re, sc. 
rju. Krag. whom Poppo follows, supplies eKeKrrjVTo. But this is less 
apposite and natural than the common rendering: and it was not till 

late that Themistocles^ etc. a(^' ov = eVei, which is found in one 

MS. Tov ^aplSdpo'V is put for tmv ^ap^dpcov^ as in Latin EoQuanus 

is put for liomani. Reference is had to the second Persian invasion, 
which had been threatening Greece ever since the battle at Marathon 

and did not therefore come unexpectedly. hia irdarjs (so. yeoos)^ 

throughout the ship. Poppo understands dia Trdarjs to mean, in every 
ship^ i. e. nonduni omnes tectas fuisse. Some reject as harsh the 
ellipsis of z/eo)?, and take dia irdcrrj^ in the adverbial sense omnino^ as 
Slci Kevrjs (Atlien. 442. a), frustra^ and divh ttjs 'tarjs^ I. 15. § 3. But 
see N. on that passage. 


Tlie states which gave their attention to the formation of a navy, greatly increased theiF 
power (§ 1) : for no wars by land, except border hostilities, were yet carried on, nor 
were any distant enterprises undertaken (§ 2) ; combinations of smaller with greater 
cities were not formed for common expeditions, excex->t in the war between the Chalci- 
deans and Eretrians, when the rest of the states separated into parties on the one or the 
other side (§ 3). 

1. Se — ojuoos-, hotoever. ovk iXaxio-rrjv =^ very great. A litotes. 

See IT. on I. 3. § 1. ol Trpoaxovres avrois (sc. rot? vcwtlkoH)^ those 

pa/ying attention to their navies.^ i. e. making it an object to form and 


Hosted by 


206 NOTES. [BooRi, 

establish a navy. Trpocrodcp and dpxu ^^e datives of means, — — • 

KOL fjiaXia-Ta ocroi (= iKeivoi oaroi) firj BiapKrj el^ov ^ajpav^ and espe- 
cially as many as had a territory insufficient for their sustenance. 
Bloomf. refers this especially to the Athenians. Ifc was also true of 
the Corinthians. 

2. o^ev^ whence^ refers to iroXefjios. — kol in ris koI appears to 
us to be pleonastic, but the Attics employ it frequently after rtV, to 
connect the thought more closely. ~— Trapeyei^cro, accrued {=migJit 
accrue). This use of the moods in adverbial sentences of place (K. 
I 336), is the same as in adjective sentences (K. § 333), the indicative 
being used when the attributive qualification is to be represented as 
actual or real, — — - Travrc^ .... eKaaroLs. - The order is : Trdvres 8e (sc. 
ttoXcjjlol) oaoi kol (even) iyivovro rjaav iKaa-rois Trpus ofiopovs (border- 
ers) rovs (T(f)€Tepov9. (rrpareias — e^rjccrav. K. § 2Y8. 1. — ttoKv 

uTTo rr}s eavTav is bracketed by Poppo and Goeller, on the ground 
that the idea contained in eKdr^fiovs is repeated. But, as Bloomf. well 
observes, iKbfjjjLovs merely signifies, abroad^ foreign^ without defining 
the distance, and hence the clause in question is by no means superflu- 
ous. Of. II. 10. § 1. - — — €77 aWcov KaTacFTpo<j)fj^ for the sul)jugation 
of others, 

3. ov yap ^vvco-TrjK€aav-—7T6\€Ls vtttjkooi. The Schol, sa}^^, that 
the lesser cities did not associate in war with the larger cities, as sub- 
ject to them, ou yap v7Tr]KGoi, Hence Poppo makes vtttjkoql = «? 
vTTTjKooL^ and with it supplies ol ''EXXrjves instead of TroXets-. — - — au, on 
the other hand, . Bothe reads ap. — avTol does not refer to vtt-qkooi^ 
but to all the Greeks, especially to those implied in piyta-raL irokeLs. 
— dwo Tr]s XcrT]s (sc. potpas)^ on equal terms, i. e. the expenses 
being justly apportioned. The Schol. supplies dwr^'kelas. But cf. 
III. 40. § 6. — eVotovi/ro, ^'' soWbant susci2Mre.^'' — — cos eKaaroi ol 
do-rvyeiTopEs^ as they severally ha'ppened to border on each other. The 
general idea is, that neighboring states went to war with one another, 
but no general combination was formed against any distant enemy. 

■—— pdXiara buorrr],, especially in the war which anciently occurred^ 

"between the Ghalcideans and Eretrians (it was that), the rest of the 
Greeks ranged th&tnseUes on different sides^ and thus were engaged in 
general hostilities. kclI has here the force of also., liJcetoise. The sen- 
tence is exceedingly compressed, but its general sense cannot well be 

Hosted by 


Chap. XVlI-l NOTES. 20? 


Various obstacles were in the way of the prosperity of the other states, and especially 
were the lonians weakened by the Persian power under Cyrus, as were their islands at 
a subsequent period oy Darius (§ 1). 

1. oXXoSt, from other quarters^ in other ways. — — fxr^ av^rj'^riuaL^ 
i. e. rod fxr) av^r]^rivaL. Of. K. § 308. 2. b. KcoXvfxara contains a nega- 
tive idea and is therefore followed by /x?) with the infinitive. See N". 

on I. 10. § 1 (end). /cat, especially^ serves here to introduce a 

particular instance of the obstacles to their advancement. - — - Bloom- 
field makes ^'iwo-t to depend on eVeyeVero understood, the subject of 
which is Kvpos Kal rj JlepcTLKrj jSao-iXeia (a h^ndiadys), and in order to 
furnish a subject to iirea-rpdrevcnE^ he supplies 77 referring to jSaonXfAa. 
But why not with the Schol. construct '^Icocn after eTreo-rpiiTcvo-e^ and 
make Kvpos and ^acriXeia the subject of the verb? This expedition 
of the Persians, of course would be a KcaXvpa to the lonians, and it is 
unnecessary, therefore, that this idea should be formally repeated by 

supplying i7rcyev€To KcoXvpa. 7rpox<op7]crdvTcov eVi p^ya rcov rrpa- 

ypdrcov is referred by the Schol. to the Persians, but is evidently to be 

taken with "icocn. ^'aXv.os. The river Halys separated Lydia from 

the Persian dominions. The ancient Greeks designated what was 
called subsequently Asia Minor, by r/ TrapaSaXao-o-to?, or rj ivros Tav- 
pov,, or ?} ivTos "AKvo£. — - — TTo'Xeis, i. e. the Ionian cities. — — ibov- 

Xaxre. See N. on I. 13. § 2. — — Aapelos. Repeat idovXaxre. tS 

vavTLKc^ is the instrumental dative. K. § 608. The- reduction of the 
Ionian states took place on their revolt, at which time (a. 0. 498) 
Miletus was destroyed. 


ITie tyrants, with the exception of those in Sicily, looking only to their own mterests and 
security, did nothing memorable (§ 1) ; so that Greece, impeded on every hand, for a 
long time made little advancement (§ 2). 

1. rvpavvoL belongs to ocroi (1. e. oaot rvpavvoi)^ and is therefore 
without the article, the whole proposition forming the subject of 
ttKovv, — TO ... . TTpoopQopevoL^ prcvicUng only for their own interests. 

Hosted by 


208 I^OTES. [BookL 

Kiiliner (Jelf s edit. § 633. 3. e) explains ro ecjf)' iavrSyv^ something de- 
pending on tJiemselves^ i. e. having no reference to any body else. Of. 
TO iavTov jxovov ct/cottcoi^, Y1. 12. § 2. is to crcoiJia = " as it re- 
garded their personal security and gratification P Bloomf. Notice 
this use of ora>/za in the sense of person. The fact here spoken of is 
illustrated by a reference to Periander, who is said to Ijave had a 

body-guard of three hundred men. St' acrc^akcLas oaov i^vvavro^ 

as safely as possible^ i. e. with as much safety to themselves as possi- 
ble, bui with its case is here taken adverbially. fxaXicrTa 

(=: aKpLJScos. Scliol.) belongs to oaou ihvvavTO. Skovp (= Sicokovp)^ 

managed, guided the affairs of. The cautious and timid policy here 
Bpoken of, had reference to foreign wars, as is seen from the context. 

aiT avTcou. '^ There is a mixed meaning in the word cItto, partly 

expressive of derivation and partly of agency : nothing great pro- 
ceeded from them ; nothing great was done dy them." Arnold. Of. 

Mt. § 573 ; K. § 288. 1. 3. c. el /x?) et tl^ excep)t something. We 

are not to understand t\ as referring to any memorable deed, but as 
simply signifying any deed ichatever. " When el /x?) has the meaning 
except.^ another el is sometimes joined, like nisi si^ while the predi- 
cate of el /xt) is omitted. K. § 340. 5. eKaaTois is to be con- 

strocted with iTrpdx'^^r] (mentally supplied from the preceding sen- 
tence), there being a sort of apposition between it and air avTccv. 

— yap in ol yap implies an ellipsis : I refer especially to the 

tyrants of Greece, for those in Sicily^ etc. " Tyrannorum Siculorum 

magna potentia inertise Grsscorum opponitur." Bothe. eni 

TrXeicrroj/ — bvudfiecos^ to a mry great height of power. The scope of 
the argument shows that the power here spoken of, referred to the 
ability of the tyrants of Sicily to carry on distant wars. 

2. Karelx^To^ was held in^ impeded. Koivfj^ in common, ty joint 

undertaMng. KaTepyd^^ea'^ai = ioo-T€ KaTepyd^ea^ai. Poppo makes 

re in TroXets re respond to /xijre going before. The clause Kara,,., 
elvai may be rendered: and ly single cities it was still less adven- 

Hosted by 


Oha? XVIII.] 




Boon after the tyrants had been expelled by the Lacedsemonians, who, enjoying good 
laws from the most ancient times, had not been subject to these usurpers, the Persians 
invaded Greece and engaged with the Athenians at Marathon (§ 1) ; on their second 
invasion the Greeks combined for defence, the Lacedsemonians being at the head, and 
the Athenians doing ail in tlieir power by sea for the common safety; but soon after 
the close of the war the confederation was dissolved, and parties were formed under 
Athens and Lacedcemon as the leading states (§ 2) ; from that time to the present war, 
they were continually engaged in making truces or in carrying on hostilities, and thus 
acquired no small skill in warlike affairs (§ 3). 

1. ot re 'A?irjvaL(ov Tvpavvoi. Reference is had to Ilippias and Hip- 
parchus, who succeeded then* father Pisistratus m the government of 

Athens. ot e/c rrjs ciXXr]^ 'EXXddos is put for €V rrj aXkrj 'EXXclBl^ 

the preposition being attracted by KareKv'^Tiarav^ which denotes the 
direction whence^ cf. K. 300. 4. See N. on I. 112. § 4. — eVi ttoXv 
KCii rrplv Tvpavpev^ela-Tjs, Haack, whom Arnold cites approvingly^ 
interprets this clause: ^^ magnam partem ante, quam Athenienses, 8%ib~ 
act(B a tyrannis''' = a great part of Greece liad heen subject to tyrants 
before Athens loas. I concur, however, with Bloomf., who translates 
it indefinitely: generally and even of aid tmder tyrannical govern- 

ment. ol likela-roi. . . . KareXv^irjcrap, the greater fart had been 'put 

down, the last, except those in Sicily, by the Lacedcemonians. Of. I. 

3 22. § 3. rekevTaloL is to be connected with vtto AaKebaifiovicop. 

T] yap AaKcdalpcDv begins a parenthesis which closes with ttoXccti 
Ka'^lorracrav, the design of which parenthesis being to show, why La- 
ced^mon took so prominent a part in expelling the tyrants from the 
other Grecian states, viz. because it had enjoj^ed so long a well-regu- 
lated government and had been free from- tyrants {arvpawevros). The 
second yap introduces a parenthesis within this parenthesis, the ob- 
ject of which is to expand and illustrate the idea contained in the 
preceding words aei drvpavuevros. By keeping in view these divisions 
of this long and apparently confused sentence, the student will have 
far less difficulty in explaining the words and clauses of which it is 

composed. /xera TYjv KTicriv ru>v — -Acopiicov, after its occupancy by 

the Dorians. The Herachdce did not ft)uod Laced^mon, but took 
possession of it when it had been long founded. Hence KTL(Fii> here 
and KTiCovTcs in V. 16. § 3, are to be taken in a modified sense of 
founding anew, inasmuch as Sparta had comparatively little impor- 
tance before the Doric invasion. Of. Mall. Dor. I. p. 102. In respect 
to the order of the clauses in this connection, enl .... aTaa-tdcraaa is 
to be constructed immediately after rj yap Aa/ceSat/xcoz^, and p.€ra . . - . 

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210 NOTES. [Book I 

Acoptecov may be rendered after ofias. eVl .... aracrido-acra^ hewing 

teen distTacted ty factions the longest of any we Icnoio of cov (= cKtl- 
vcov a). Some refer this relative to TroXeojv, but Poppo would supply 
XpoVoai/, which on the whole I prefer, reference being had to the 
various times during which the other states were harassed. The 
period in the Lacedoeraonian history referred to in this place, is the 

one preceding the return of the Heraclidse. ck rraXaiTaTov^ for a 

mry long time. Lyourgus gave laws to Sparta, according to Aristotle, 
about A. 0. 884, and U23wards of four hundred years before the Pelo- 
ponnesian war. Xenophon (Kep. Lac. X. 8) places the Spartan law- 
giver more than two hundred years earlier, that is, at the time of the 
Ileracleids (Of. Smith's Diet. Gr. and Rom. Biog. and Mythol. Vol. IL 
p. 850). Grote (Hist. Greece, II. p. 454) thinks that Lycurgus intro- 
duced his discipline and constitution about a. o. 830-820. Mr. Clin- 
ton (Fasti Hell en. III. p. 141), with his eye on this passage of Thu- 
cydides, fixes the legislation of Lycurgus at about a. o. 817, and his 
regency at a. o. 852. The clironology is very confused and diverse, 
from the uncertainty which rests over the time when Lycurgus flonr- 

islied. oklyM TrXe/co, somewhat more. rov irokeiiov, i. e. the 

Peloponnesian Avar. Bloomf. says that u(/>' ou is put for d<^' w 

Xpovov and bi ou, etc. noXiTda, i. e. the oligarchy, the council 

of elders established by Lyoi.rgus. — hi avro^ i. e. by continuing 

in the same polity. - — ~ hvvayievoL = bwaroi opt€£. ra Ka^taracrap. 

The Lacedtemonians arranged the affairs of other states after their 
own model, abolisldng both tyrannies and democracies, ra refers to 

political institutions, modes of government, etc. ijera 81 rrjv 

resumes the subject, which had been interrupted by the parenthesis 
beginning at i) yap AaKeSat/xcov, but it will be seen that, in the 
resumption, the words are somewhat changed : eVetS)] 5e at rvpawoi 
KareXC'^rjcrav — p,€ra Be rrjv roov rvpavvccv KardXyatP. When be is found 

in the first clause, it is usually repeated in the resumptive clause (cf. 

Cyrop. II. 3. § 19), which here embraces the apodosis. r) fidxr]— 

iyevero. Of. 'N. on I. 11. § 1. — rrpos, against. K. § 298. III. 1. b. 
2. bsKarcd he era. This refers to the commencement of the expe- 
dition of Xerxes, and not to the battle of Salamis, which is shovvu by 
Scaliger, whose opinion Dulfer supports, to have been fought eleven 
years after the battle of Marathon. Poppo, Goeller, Haack, and 
Bloomfield adopt the same view. Petav. on the other hand (of whom 
Poppo remarks : recentiores tamen magno consensu Petavium sequun- 
turj says: Marathonia pugna commissa est decimo anno ante Sala- 
rainiam auctore Thucydi^?e. But eVl rrjv 'EXXaSa yX^ie harmonizes 
better with the former v>ew, since it refers rather to the going upon 

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Chap. XVin.] NOTES. 211 

an expedition than fighting a battle. dovXcooropiems denotes the 

purpose of ^XSe, S. §225. 5. ^vixirok^iij-iddvTcov. " Aoristi parti cii- 

um offensioni est, quum scriptor non qui communiter dellum gesserant^ 
sed qui — gerebant vel gesiuri ercmt dicere velit." Poppo. Goeller 
thinks that the Aorist was employed, because the Greeks had ah-eady 
united in the first Persian war. avao-Kevaaayievoi^ collecting to- 
gether tJieir wtoveaMes. '^ Golligere uisa.^'' Betant. In Liddell and 
Scott's Lex. this passage is cited under the definition, to dismantle 

one'^s house, city, etc. This meaning is unsuitable to the passage. 

€S ras vavs belongs to efAJBcivres. bL€Kpt'^rj(raj^ irpos = diaKpt'^€vr€9 

ix^povv Trpos. This species of constructio pr£egnans, by which a verb 
of rest is followed by a preposition of motion, is quite common. Of. 

K. § 300. 3. b; S. § 235. ol ^vp^TroKefirjo-avres. It is singular that 

Midler should supply avrco (i. e. rS /Sflo-tX^i), since the use of rcov 
^]a-dvT(ov supra, shows that it is here to be referred to those 
who united against the king. Two classes of Greeks are here spoken 
of, viz. those who had revolted from the king, and those who from 

the beginning had united to oppose him. ravra. See N. on I. 9. 

§ 3. ot /xeV refers to the Lacedaemonians, ol Se to the Athenians. 

3. 77 opatxp-'ia^ the clefeyisi'ce alliance^ confederacy against the Per- 
sians. It was not until the destruction of the Persian fleet on the 
Eurymedon, by Oirnon, that the Persian war was terminated. LTntil 
that time the alliance, to which the invasion of Xerxes had given 

birth, remained unbroken. 'EWt)v(ov limits nvh. et rives irov 

diao-raUu^ whoever any lohere loere at variance = when differences arose 

among any of them. 6s rovbe ael k. t. X. The order is : es rovBe 

Toy TTokejiov del ra /xeV cnT€vd6}i€V0L rd 8e TToXep^ovvres (sometimes mcdiing 

treaties and so7netimes fighting). dWr^ois depends on iriikepiovv- 

T€s. S. § 202. 1. ra TToXe/ito, in whatever 2^e'i'tai7is to tear. 

/Mera . . . , TToioTj^evofc, inasmuch as their practice loas in the midst of 
dangers^ i. e. (as Arnold observes) '^ their field of exercise was not the 
parade, but the field of battle ' /xeXeVay TroLovjievoL = /xeXerw^res'. 

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212 N"OTES. [BookL 


The Lacedaemonians levied no tribute from their allies, but took care by conciliatory 
measures to establish oligarchical forms of government among them ; the Athenians, on 
the contrary, deprived their allies of their ships and made them tributaries, by which 
means they became highly prepared for war (§ 1). 

1. Here begins an account of the respective policy of the two lead- 
ing states of Greece, which is given more at length in the process of 

the history. ovx riyovvro is opposed to XPW^'^^^ ' "4^^P^^^-> 

which is said below of the Athenians. vfroTcXe'is — cj^opov^ siibject 

to pay taxes ; literally, ^^(^i'yers of tridute. rovs ^vixfiaxovs depends 

on €xovT€s (by possessing. See N. on I. 9. § 1), and not on rjyovvTo ay 
the Scholiast directs, which verb in the signification to rule^ govern^ i^ 

followed by the genitive. K. § 275. R. 1. Kar dXiyapxiav k. r.X. 

The order is : '^epaTrevopres (SC. ^vpfxaxovi) fiovov ottcos 7roKLT€v(T(o(TLi 
€7nTr]B€Lco^' (TCJiiaLv avTOLs (i. e. the Lacedsemonians) Kar okiyapxiav. 
Arnold cites I. 76, 144, as illustrative of this passage. Bekker and 
Arnold from a single MS. edit. TTokireva-ovcn. But notwithstanding 
the usage of Thucydides {irpo o/x/iara)z/ Troifiv)^ the MS. authority is 

too feeble to admit this reading as genuine. ^^cpairevovTes has the 

same construction as exovr^^^ to which it is opposed. 'ASi^vaioi, 

sc. rjyoiivTo from the preceding context. The vulgar edition has ^px"^ 
after Trapnka^upres. But although this might express more specifically 
the idea of ruling as opposed to r^yovvro^ which, in reference to the 
Lacedasmonians, does not so much imply the exercise of dominion, as 
the leading or general oversight of states otherwise represented as free, 
yet I find that modern critics with great unanimity have rejected the 
word as spurious. The context will give to riyovvro the shade of sig- 
nification, required by its reference to the Athenians. rw XP^^9i 

'-''sensim pmdlatim?'' Haack. ttXj^v Xtcoz/ koX Aco-^lcop, In pro- 
cess of time the Lesbians became subject to the Athenians. is 

Toi/de Tov'TTok^piov refers to the Peloponnesian war. pel^cov in re- 
spect to revenue. w?, when. So the Latins use tit for 

TCI KpciTLcrra — rju^rjcravy tliey liad l)een most flourishing (K. § 278. 

R. 1). Reference is had to the period a little before the expiration of 
the thirty years' treaty, when the Athenians not only had subjected 
the islands of the Greek colonies of Asia Minor, but had united to 
their confederacy Phocis, Argos, Boeotia, and Achaia. Of. L 102 105 ; 

108, 111, 115. T^s ^vfifiaxtas against foreign invasion. See N. on 

fj ofiaixP'^o.^ I. 18. § 3. 

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Chap. XX.] NOTES. 213 


These chapters contain the third division of the preface, the subject oi 
which is the nature of Grecian history, together with some preliminary 
remariis on the work now in hand. This portion of the preftice should be 
read with great care and attention, as in it the historian unfolds the plan 
of his work, the principles which regulated its compf>«ition, and gives the 
ground of his claim to accuracy and impartiality. The easy and natural 
transition which it forms to the main history, the clear and magnificent 
view which it gives of the subject, and its adaptation to win for the writer 
the sympathy and confidence of his reader, render it one of the most 
finished specimens of the kind to be found in any language. 


Such was the state of affairs in Greece, although, perhaps, it will be hard to be credited, 
from the proneness of men to catch at flying reports of past events without due examina- 
tion (§ 1); thus the Athenians in general believe that Hipparchus was slain by Harmodius 
and Aristogiton, because he was the tyrant, whereas Ilippias, who by right of primogeni- 
ture held the government, was the object of their conspiracy, and Hipparchus was slain 
as the result of a disarrangement in their plan (§2); thus also the opinion of the rest of 
Greece, in respect to the suffrage of the Lacedaemonian kings and the existence of the 
Pitanatan band, is incorrect (§ 3). 

1. TO. /xeV ovv. The corresponding particle to p.ev is be in the be- 
ginning of the next chapter, all between being properly a parenthesis. 
— — XaK^TTcio , , ,Tn(TT€V(raL is difficult of interpretation on account of 
its great brevity. Bloomf. Avith Bauer makes Tno-Tcvcrai = Tnarev'^rjvaL 
and translates : Jioioever liardly it may find credit^ even lolien estdb- 
lislied ty a regular cliain of proofs. Travral rcKfirjpLO)^ every argument 
necessary to proof . " Omni (i. e. omnis temporis) testimonio ex ordine 
confirmatay Bothe. Goeller by a sort of grammatical attraction 
makes the passage = roiavra evpov^ wa-re irav i^rjs reKfxrjpiov avrcov 
j(aX€7r6v elvai Trtcrreucrat, and remarks: '^non solum rravrl r€Kfir)pia 
dixit, sed Tvavri e^rjs reKprjpico^ quia in tanta vetustatis obscuritate non 
simplex argumentura suflicit, sed naodo aliam rem ex alia colligendo et 
.ongiorem demum post conclusioiiem ad sententiam probabilem perve- 
niri potest." Of this explanation Poppo remarks: ''huno sensum no? 


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214 NOTES. [Book I 

e verbis elicimus." These interpretations agree in the main point, viz., 
that iravrl i^qs reKfi-qpicp signifies, established on the most tho7'ough and 
protracted imestigation. I am less pleased with Arnold's interpreta- 
tion: 'being hard for beUemng e'cery argument one after another ; i. e. 
the general statement might not be questioned, but each particular 
argument which he has used, uiight not equally obtain credit. The 
word T€Kfir)pLov^ I apprehend, cannot be made to refer to particular 
facts or arguments^ and the ground which Arnold gives for this render- 
ing, viz., that the parenthesis contains the reason why the specific de- 
tails of the narration may lie open to suspicion, applies equally as well 
to the interpretation of Bloomf., or Goeller. The facts of the history 
may have been based on the most incontrovertible evidence, and yet 
those who remember how readily reports of past actions are caught 
up and circulated, may be disposed aftei- all to doubt whether the true 
picture of affairs in times so remote is given. Such I believe to be the 

sense of this much disputed passage. yap introduces the reason for 

what has just been stated. kcu rjv^ even if. ofioLcos :=:jtist as 

if they loere events in the history of xmother country, opolcos is often 

used elliptically. ajSaG-aplarroos^ loithout question., ^'' sine disquisi- 

tione.^'' Betant. 

2. TO TrXrj'^os — o'lovrai. The verb is put in the i)lural, because 
reference is had to the individuals implied in the subject (K. § 241. 1). 

Tvpavvov ovra.) as being the tyrant. The participle here denotes 

an assumed cause. Of. K. § 312. 6 ; S. § 225. 4. See also N. on 1. 9. 
§ 4. It was in respect to the supposition of his being the tyrant, that 
Thucydides says the Athenians were mistaken. Trpea^vraros Civ 

rjpX€ K. r. X. The order is : rrpea^vraros cov rav JJeicrLo-rpdrov vucov 

Tjpx^ (sc. r<bv 'A^iqvaioov). "iTtfrapxos . . , .avrov is parenthetic and 

does not depend on the preceding on. eKelvrj rrj rip^^pa fixed npnn 

to slay Hippias. kul Trapaxprjpa^ even at the 'very time^ i. e. jnst as 

they were about to perpetrate the deed. «$• -n-poe tSoros^, as from 

one foreioarned and therefore prepared. Bloomf. cites the proverb : 
^'' forewarned.^ forearmed.''' hpaaavres n koI KLvBvveucrai^ to en- 
counter (= meet death) after having done something worthy of note; 
or, to even (Kal) encounter death^ jwovided they could (first) do some- 
thing w^orth dying for. I prefer the former interpretation. The parti- 
ciple denotes time. See ISl on 1. 13. § 6. to AecoKopLou^ the Leoco- 

rium., or monument of the daughters of Leos, stood in the midst of the 
Oerameicus within the walls, and was one of the most renowned of 

the ancient monuments of Athens. Of. Leake's Athens, I. p. 162. 

ri]v Uava'^rji'a'iKrju. Of. Smith's Diet. Greek and Eom. Antiq. p. 704. 
This story of the Pisistratidas, introduced again with much enlarge- 

Hosted by 


Chap. XX] NOTES. 215 

ment and for no very obvious reason in YI. 54-59, as well as the 

declaration of bis personal knowledge of tbe family (YI. 65. § ), bas 

■ induced some (after tbe Sobol. on 1. 20) to think that Tbucydides was 

connected to them by relationship. But this is mere conjecture. 

aneKTeivav^ sc. rovrov. 

8. ov XP''^^^ aixvrjdTov^^va^ not obliterated from tJie memory ty time^ 

the memory of which is not lost ly length of time. ol aWoi "E'kXr]- 

vcs^ i. e. other than the Athenians. Of course the Lacedaemonians are 
also to be excepted, since they would certainly be acquainted with the 

things here mentioned. /x?) jjna ^j/rjcj^co, . . .dvolv. It is thought by 

some that Herodotus is hinted at, who speaks (YI. 57) of the two 
votes of each king. .Miiiler (Dorians, II. p. 105. IST. a) thinks that 
Tbucydides refers to Hellenicus rather than Herodotus, whose Avork 
he could scarcely have read. But although reference may have been 
had to Hellenicus and other early writers, whom Herodotus perhaps 
carelessly followed, yet I can scarcely be persuaded that the history 
of Herodotus was unknown to Tbucydides. The story first related 
by Lucian and repeated by many others, that Herodotus read his work 
to the assembled Greeks at Olyrnpia, and that tbe young Tbucydides 
was present at the recitation and moved to tears, is undoubtedly a 
mere invention, as Dahlmann has most ably and conclusively shown. 
Tet that is no proof that Tbucydides was a stranger to the writings of 
Herodotus, when he composed the history of the Peloponnesian war. 
In respect to the grammatical structure of yj^rjcjycp Trpoarbea^at^ there 
is no difficulty, if we give to the verb the signification, to assent to^ to 

accede to one'^s opinion (}j/rj(j)(f>) loith a 1)0 te ; i. e. to give a vote. 

ZiiravarYiv \6xov. Here again it is thought by some that a blow is 
aimed at Herodotus (IX. 53 ; III. 55). It is said that Oaracalla in 
imitation of antiquity composed a \6xos Utravdrijs of Spartans. So 
the Tarentines, in order to retain the local names of their mother city, 
had a division of their army Avhich was called Pitanates ; also upon a 
coin of Tarentum the TrepiTrokoi JJiravdroL are mentioned. All this 
seems to favor the truth of the statement of Herodotus. Of. Mull. 
Dorians, II. p. 49. iST. t. Schweig. ad Ilerodot. 1. c. conciliates the 
statement of these two great historians, by supposing that there was 
fiucli a band commanded by Amompharetus in the battle at Plat^Ba, 
which not being perpetual, ceased to exist in the time of Tbucydides. 
. ra irolfjia Q'' ea^ qvm in fromptu sunt.'''' Poppo), i. e. those things 
which can be learnt from hearsay without the labor of investigation. 

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216 N^OTES [Book! 


Although it is to be feared that these accounts will be approved by few readers (cf. 1. 20. g 1), 
yet the historian avers, that they will not err who place greater confidence in him than 
in the poets and logographers, who shape their narratives so as to be pleasing to the ear 
rather than agreeable to the truth (§ 1) ; and though men fancy ancient wars to be the 
greatest, yet to those who judge fVom the facts, this war will appear greater than any 
preceding one (§ 2). 

1. iK Be ra>v elprjfjiepcov resumes the subject from ra ji£v ovu at the 
beginning of the previous chapter. This is clearly indicated among 
other things by ofxco^^ which implies el koI to. Trcikata x«^f7i'« ^^"^^ 

TrLCTTevorat. roiavra. , , ,aixaprdvoi^ 710 one loould eTT in the belief 

{vofXL^cov^ in thinMng, See N. on I. 9. § 1), that these things lohich 
I ha'De narrated^ are for the most part such as I have represented 
them to be. ola birjk'^ov may be supplied after roiavra from ti dirjX- 
3ov. The words av—dixaprdvot belong not only to i/o/x/fwi;, but also 
to 7ncrT€vcov and rjyrja-afjievos. It may assist to the right understand- 
ing of the chapter, to regard koI ovre cos TroLrjral, . . .eKveviKrjKora as a 
parenthesis, containing another and subordinate parenthetical clause, 
ovra dvc^eX^yKTa, , . ^eKvcPLKrjKora, In this second parenthesis ovra 
refers to a (rrz cKdva a) in a ^tTJXSoj^, or it may be referred, as Goel. 

suggests, to cos (= Ota) TTOLrjraL vfxvrjKaaL. iirl to jiel^ov Kocxfiovvres. 

See. N. on 1. 10. § 3. Xoyoypdcpoi^ i. e. writers of prose as opposed 

to TTOirjTai^ which seems here to designate those early chroniclers who 
wrote in verse. The name logographers^ which Thucydides here 
applies to his predecessors, is now given by scholars to the historians 
who preceded Herodotus, and whose histories were composed of 
myths and traditionary stories, although doubtless containing much 

that was true. Of. Mlill. Lit. of Greece, p. 265. eV). ..d^rj^e- 

arepov^ with a meto to their deing alluring to (literally, leading to) the 
ear rather than consistent iDith trutJi. "When two adjectives are 
compared with each other, so as to signify that the property or quality 
is found in a higher degree in one than in the other, both of them are 
put in the comparative." Mt. § 456. Of. K. § 323. 4 ; S. § 159. 2. — 
di/f^eXeyxra, impossible to le convicted or refuted, Liddell and Scott. 
" Which can neither be proved nor disproved for want of evidence on 

either side." Arnold. avrooif depends on rd noWd — dnLcrrcos eVt 

TO ixv^cobes eKveuLKijKOTa^ have encroached upon (literally, won their way 
to. Arnold) the fadulous^ so as to be entitled to no credit (dirLa-Tois, 
'■Hta ut nulla fides iis habeatm-y Goeller). — evprja'^m — dnoxpooi^- 
vcoy, to he sufficiently toell made out. The subject of this infinitive ifi 

Hosted by 


CiiAF.XXlL] JS^OTESo 217 

easily elicited from a dLriX^iou supra. w? Trakata ehat^ for things so 

ancient; i. e. considering their great antiquity (Of. K. § 841. K. 3 ; S. 
§223. 2). This clause, which I^oj^po makes = 0)? iraXata eVt iirKpaprj 
ilvai^ quantum testimonia de rebus priscis clara esse possunt^ qualifies 

2. 6 TToX^juos- is the subject of Sr^Xcoo-et {will appear). eV J, 

so. X9^^'^' — — aei. See ]^. on I. 11. §1 (end). — — TTavo-aixev<ov =z 

avToip Travaauevcov 0.776 rod Trokef-ieiv (from TroXejJicoo-L). avrcov (sc. 

Toiv apxp-LCdv) depends on iiel^cov. 


While the exact words of the speeches uttered in this war are not pretended to have been 
given, yet the orations have been made to conform as nearly as possible to the general 
sense of what vfas really spoken (§ 1) ; as to the deeds, such only are narrated as fell 
under the observation of the historian, or were received on good authority from others 
(§ 2) ; this, however, Avas a task of extreme difficulty, from the conflicting accounts often 
given by those who were eye-witnesses of the same affair (§ 3) ; severe adherence to 
truth to the neglect of all mere embellisliment may be less agreeable, but cannot but be 
more useful to the reader, and will render the history worthy of being an everlasting 
possession (§ 4). 

1. Kcu €Ka(TTOL^ aud tts to tlw seDdval (acaoroi. ^See IST. on I. 3. 

§ 5) speeches loMch loere anade. Xoyo) is antitlietic to to. d' epya r&v 

Trpax^^PTccv^ § 2 infra. Botlie edits oo-a \oyccv =z otrovs \6yovs. 

' — 6i> avTcS^ i. e. €V rta TroXeixelp. rrjv aKpl^eiav avrriv rap Xe- 

XpePTcop (<a changed construction for tovtcop rrjp uKpllSeiap) =z ravra ra 

X€)(?iePTa aKpt^as, ifJLol limits )(^aX€Tr6i; — oiP = ekelpcop a, of 

vfhich equivalent, the antecedent (referring to rau Xex^^vroiv) de- 
pends on rrip aKpl^eiav^ to be supplied from the preceding clause. — — 

rotff aXXo'^ip rro'^ep — d7rayyeX7^ovu-iP is opposed to ifjiol .... rJKovora, 

ap belongs to elrr^ip. ra deopra fiaXLo-ra^ those things most espe- 
cially needed ^= most to the purpose. ixofjcepco Xex^eWcoi/, Jceep- 

ing as close as possiMe to the general (^vfjLirdo-rjs) sense of what was 
mt'^ally spolcen. On the construction of ypoyfirj^^ cf. K. § 273. E. 5. 

b; S. §192. 1. ovTcos responds to cos d' ap iSoKovp. "It thus 

appears that the speeches recorded by Thucydides are genuine as to 
their substance, although the style, the arrangement, and many of the 
particular arguments are altogether his -own. They are like the 
speeches written by Johnson tor the parliamentary debates in the 
Oentleman's Magazine; the substance of the debate was reported 
to him, and he then enlarged and embellished it. in order to set it off 
to the best advantage." ArnokL 

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218 liOTES [BookI 

2. rot 5',. ..TToXe/xft), tut as to the deeds icMoh were actnally pe?'- 
formed in the war. In order to avoid a pleonasm^ Goeller, on the 
suggestion of Kriiger, connects rwv Trpax^evrcov with ev rS 7roXe/xoj. 
But this is unnecessary, since the manifest design of the author was 
to give emphasis to the actuality of the deeds spoken of, and hence 
he departed from the usual mode of expression ra epya ra npax^^vra, 
Haack remarks : ad ra iv tcZ ivokepc^ Trpax'^ewa non solum ra epya 

pertinent sed etiam ra Xe^SeWa. ovk, , , ,i7T€^€\'^o)v. Construct 

(as Poppo directs) : ovk ck tov Traparvxovros irvv'^avopevos^ ovb^ (os 
€p,ol eSo/cei, aXX (rj^iaxra ypd(peLv) eVe^eXScbi^ ols re avras Traprjp kqI 
irapa rwv aWcop (TTVv?iav6p,€vos). The words gk rov iraparvxoi'Tos = 

from any one whom it chanced^ from emry chance comer, — cos ijjiol 

iSoKEi =1 according to any mere impressions of my own. alros 

Traprjv. It is supposed that Thucydides served in the first seven years 
of the war, for in the eighth, he was appointed to the command of 
the Athenian fleet off the coast of Thrace. From what he says, h© 
must have been an eye-witness and an ear- witness of many things, 
which were done and said in this war. eVf^eXScbz/ conforms ratlier to 
oh (==. iKelva ols) re avros TTaprji/ than to 7ra/ja ro)P aXkcov^ and henco 
TTvu^avopei^os may be easily supplied from the preceding context, 
ene^eX'^cbj/ implies great thoroughness of investigation, and Iieoce 
with o(Tov bvvarov aKpi^ela {= aKpipeorrara Mt. §461. Ohs.) Is highly 

3. ov. .o /ikeyoPy did not give the same ccccount of tlie sarae actions, 

(tXX' ft)s. . . .exo*? literal!}^, as any one might l)e in respect of good 

will to either party ^ or of his memory = us any one loas inclined to le 
partial to either party ,^ or as his memory served him. To the phrase 
039 ex^i the genitive is added, to show in what respect the sense of 
the verb is to be taken. K. § 274. 8. b. iKarepcov depends on evvolas.^ 
as expressive of the cause whence the feeling of good will or partial- 
ity arose (Iv. §274; Kr. §47. 7. IST. 5). evvoia rwos = evvoia npos riva. 

4. jtteV refers forward to be in oorot Se ^ovXr^aovrai. In this way 

dreprrea-repop is opposed to oxpeXtpa infra. ro jxr] pv'^oides avroiv^ 

their deing free from, myths. The negative pr] is used, because ''the 
clause may be resolved into : guia nullm in iis exstent fahulm instead 
of exstanty which would express actuality without reference to any 
supposition, and would therefore demand rb ov pv^iades. Of. Jelf 's 

Kiihn. § 475. Ods. 3. • rmv re. . , . eVecrSfai. Construct: aKoirelv rb 

(racpes (the truth) r&>v yevopevoav (kolI rb a-acj)es) rav peWovrcou irore 
av^ts K. r. X. On Kara rb dp^pMireLoi/^ according to the course ofhumcm 
affairs^ in all human probability (ai^Spcoyre/cos), cf. K. § 292. 11. 3. b. 
— — Kplveiv (so, rovr&vs referring to qctol),, for them to judge^ is the 

Hosted by 


(^uup. XXIIL] NOTES. 219 

subject of eget (S. § 159. 2). The pronoun to be supplied here refers 
probably to political men, who endeavor to acquire a knowledge of 
the future by the study of the past, and to whom such a history as 

this would be preeminently useful. After apKovvrcos e^ei, Poppo, 

with several other critics, supplies tovtois or aurora referring to oVot. 
But it is far better with Wolf, H^ack, Arnold, and Bloomf., to supply 

€1101^ which is omitted dignitatis vel modestioi gratia. Kr^/xa re — 

^vyiceiraL == ^vyK€LTaL &)s Krrjfxa re cs aei, this (i. e. his history) is com- 

posed as an eveelasting possessioit. eV del = to our old for aye. 

Bloomf, aycouLorfia, 2^"^'^^^ com2yosition^ a trial of literary slcill. 

Keference is liere supposed to be had also to Herodotus, but the doubt, 
which now hangs over the statement of Lucian in respect to the 
recitation at Olympia (see IsT. on 1. 20. § 3), makes such a reference in 
this place to an equal extent uncertain. Besides, those critics, who 
are continually spying out references to Herodotus of the kind here 
and previously referred to, should remember that it does not add to 
the praise of Thucydides, to represent him as indulging in these 
covert and petty allusions, the designed object of which, must have 
been to disparage the credibility, and thus undermine the reputation 

of his great predecessor and rival for coming ages. es to irapa- 

XPW^ denotes the object or purpose of aycoviafxa (K. § 290. 2. 3. a). 

aKomiv^ sc. Tiva. Of. S. 222. 6. The sentiment of this passage 

is noble, and worthy of the man, who by common consent is justly 
styled Prinoeps HiSTOEiooEUM. The subject oi ^vyKeirai is pro- 
perly avTo, to be supplied from w(j)eXifjLa alra. 


The importance of the Peloponnesian war is again insisted on, by a brief comparison of it 
with the Persian war, wliich was shown to have been brought to a termination in two 
sea-fights and as many engagements by land, but this war was lasting (§ 1) ; and in the 
amount of blood shed, the capture of cities, the change of inhabitants by the war and 
the accompanying seditions, was never equalled (§ 2) ; to which things were added what 
before had only been heard of, viz. earthquakes, eclipses of the sun, droughts, famines, 
pestilence, and the like (§ 3) ; the causes of the war are introduced as next claiming at- 
tention, among which the veritable cause was the fear with which the Lacedsemonians 
regarded the growing power of the Athenians, but the ostensible one is detailed in the 
narration which fallows (§ 4, 6). 

1. Tcoi/ be TTporepov. This chapter, although belonging to the pre* 
face, is more immediately introductory to the history which commences 
in the next chapter. — ~- Suetv uavpa^^lai'^ i. e. the sea-fights at Art3- 

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220 NOTES. [BooKl 

misium and Salamis. The land engagements were those at Pylae and 
Flatea. due?u is m the genitive (K. § 99. 5) and depends on Kplo-iv^ 
had its decision of tioo sea-jights z=: found Us decision in tioo seaflglits. 
Poppo, Haack, and Goeller read hvoiv.^ hnt the reading of Dindorf is 
supported by that of Bekker, Arnold, etc. and by the authority also 

of almost all the MSS. rodrov, . , .irpovlBT]. A varied form of 

expression for 6 TroXf^oto? (i. e. the Peloponnesian war) Trpov(3rj is [leya 
fj,T]Kos^ or (with Bloomf.) tovtov be rod Trokefiov (to) firjicos (eV) /xeycs 

7Tpov(3ri. -~ ^vpr]V€x'^rj yeyeVSlat, hcqJlJe^ied to !)& ■=z 'befell. erepa 

refers to Tvd^r]ixara to be mentally supplied from the preceding mem- 
ber. -— — Iv 'io-cp xP^^^y ^' ®* ^^^ twenty-seven years. 

2. GVT€ yap, . o .ripr]ixii'^rj(Tav. The sentiment is as though it had 

been written : irXela-Tai yap irokeLs ip rSde rep 7roXe/,ia) XriCJ^'^e^aai J]p^]~ 
pi6i'^r](rav (loere taJcen cmd made desolate. Bntt. § 144. jST. 7 end), since 
the construction is continued with at ah — al di — elcrl be al^ whereas 
the words as they now stand would require to be followed by ovre 
vTTo (3ap(3dpcov^ ovde mTo acbcop^ etc. The negative form given by ovre 
yap noXeis roaaibe^ adds much to the vivacity and strength of the 
passage. Witli rjprjacor^qo-av we may mentally supply Trporepov iv la-op 

Xpovop. i'no (BapfSdijcoy. Reference is had to Mycalessus. Of. YIL 

80. — viro o'dya^P avro)V avTiTVoXe povvrcdV. PlatOBa (III. 68) and 

Thyrea (IV-. 5^) are supposed here to be meant. Haack includes with 
these Mytilene, but a reference to III. 50, will show that the walls 
only of that city v/ere demolished, the city being saved from destruc- 
tion by the reconsideration and rejection of a vote to destroy it, which 
had been passed by the Athenian assembly on the preceding day (cf. 

III. 49). Kol oiKqropas pere^akov (sc. iv rovrcp rco TroXe^w), 

changed, inhabitants even^ i. e. had their inhabitants driven away to 
make room for others. The cities here referred to are ^gina (II. 27), 
Potid^ea (II. 70), Scio (Y. 32), and Melus (Y. 118). - — qyvyal, banish- 
ments. -— o pev — 6 Se, j^jrw'^Z^/' — -^Ja^'l'Z^. > diet to aracnd^eiv., on 
account of sedition. Haack thinks that reference is had in this place 
most especially to the Oorcyr£eans. Poppo in his notes on the Scholia 
adds the Argives (Y. 82), the Samians (YIII. 21. 73), et ahi. 

8. ciKOTj.^ by repo7% is here opposed to epy«, -in fact. ovk 

airia-ra Kareo-ri]^ became not incredible = ceased to be incredible. — .— 
(T€Lcrpcov re rrepi^ both as it respects QL. § 295. 3. I. 2. a) earthquaJces. 
■ apa — /cat, at once — a7ul. — — y'qs does not here mean the habit- 
able globe, for, as Bloomf. justly remarks, that sense would require 
the article, but it signilies Icmd.^ territory.^ and hit ivXelo-rov p,epos yrjs 
—irrea-xov., occupied a "Dery exteMsive territory = toere xery extensively 
f^^nalent. — — iKkel^lreis^ SC. KarearrjG'av from KaTearn supra. Strict- 

Hosted by 


Chaj. XXIIL] ISTOTES, 221 

ness of constrnotion would have required eKKei'^eodv, but it is varied 

as though creiajxoi re had preceded. irvKVorepm. . . ,jxvY]yiov^v6}i€va^ 

more frequent than loliat Jiad l)een reviemhered from former times. 
rrapa liere denotes in comparison loitli (K. § 298. III. 3. d), and napa 
TCL jxv7]}xov€v6p.eva r=: rSciv jxvr}}xovevojx^p<£>v (in dependence on TTVKVoTepaL) 

only much more intensive. €k — ano. ahxp-oi Repeat ^wi- 

drjo-av. — ecm Trap' oIs=r.7rap' ivtos. K. §331. R. 4. Rarely Is a 

word placed between co-nv in this use and its relative, and then it is 

a preposition. aTr avrcov^ i. e. avxpoyv. The connection between 

drought and famine is very obvious. So on the footsteps of famine 
follows pestilence, and hence the connection of Xi/io? and Xoifibs so 

ciommon as to be almost proverbial. Of. Matt. 24 : T. koI rj. . , , 

voaos^ and tliat loMcli prodiiced the most (ovx rlKLcrra^ a litotes. See 
E". on I. 3. § 1) damage and destroyed a considerahle part (jxepos ri)^ 
the p)estilential disease. ,Some critics refer jiepos to territory and sup- 
ply y^s", i. e. 'Arrtfcfjsr. Others translate : did its share of destruction. 

1 concur in the following note of Arnold, in which he substantially 
fohows Goeller: "The word /xepos- seems to imply more than a part.^ 
for all the other visitations had destroyed a part of the people. It 
appears to signify so large a part as sensibly to affect the whole by its 
absence ; a proportion or su'bstanti'de part of the lohole nation. Thus 
also it is used YIL 30." r] Xot/icoS?;? z/oVo? (stronger than 6 Xoifjios) 
takes the article because it is epexegetical of ^. . . .^Se/pacra, where 
the article could not be dispensed with. - — — fxerd.^ apiq^ and ^vv are 
not pleonastic but highly intensive. 

4. The historian now begins to detail the causes of the war. ijp- 

^avTo — avTov. S. § 189. Xvo-avresy when they had IroTcen. See 

]Sr. on TToX^fjiovvres^ I. 13. § 6. 'Ev^oias okcoorLv by the Athenians 

under Pericles. 

,5. Stort, lohy.^ loherefore. rrposypa-^a rrpcorov is apparently 

pleonastic, but in truth highly emphatic. — — - ras dLatpopas which led 
to the war. - — — tov jjlt] nva (rjTrio-ai TTore, in order that (S. §§ 222. 

2 ; 194. 1) no one may ever inqioire. 

6. Trpoifyao-Lp^ cause^ occasion^ opposed to alriaL^ app)arent causes^ 
ostensiUe reasons. These words might well have changed places, as 
both are employed out of their usual signification. irpocpao-Lv is the 
subject of elvai understood, the predicate of which is rovs 'A'^rjpcdovs 
— dvayKacraL (=to tovs 'A'^-quatovs dvayKacraL. Of. Mt. § 542. Ods. 1. a), 

yuyvopivovs^ lecause they had teeome. See 'E. on wz^, I. 9. § 4. 

es TO (j>apep6p Xeyopepai — eKarepcop., oqjenly alleged l)y each party. 
For the genitive, cf. Jelf 's Klihn. § 483. Ols. 4. — a^' hp^ on acco^mi 
of which 

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222 NOTES. [Book! 


We ave now to ente'* upon the history of the war, which Thucydides 
shows to have avowedh risen out of the contest between the Corinthians 
and Coi'cyrseans (chaps. 24-55), and the aifair at Potidaea (chaps. 66-66). 
This portion may be regarded, therefore, in its relation to the main histoi-y, 
as a detail of the pretended causes of this long and ruinous war. It is well 
worth the perusal of the student, as laying open in a most lucid manner, 
the genius and policy of the states representing the two great forms of gov- 
ernment, aristocratical and deraocratica], which were about to engage in a 
mighty and final struggle for the mastery. It should be regarded as a bea- 
con light of the past, sewing to warn against the most distant approach 
towards civil war, and showing to what extent the passions of men will 
carry them, and how ruinous their measures, when, overlooking the welfare 
of the whole, they seek to aggrandize and make powerful one state upon the 
ruins of others. The reader will find much that is reprehensible in the 
Athenian line of conduct, yet not more than in that of the Lacedaemonians, 
who, with a cold and selfish policy, were aiming at power not less eagerly 
than their more active and excitable rivals. A grasping and overbearing 
spirit had taken possession of both states, under different forms, it is true, 
but equally pernicious to their own best interests and those of Greece in 


Cpidamnus, the situation (§ 1), and founders (§ 2), an'^ growth (§ 3) of which are described, 
had become agitated by internal dissensions (§ 4) , the result of which was, that the 
common people banished those in higher life, who uniting with the Barbarians, carried 
on war by land and by sea against the party which had expelled them (§ 5) ; in conse- 
quence of which, the citizens sent to Corcyra their parent city for aid (§ 6) ; but failed 
iii obtaining it (§ 7). 

1. 'ETTibaiivos. Epidamnus^ afterwards called Dyrracliium and 
now Diirazzo, is said by Enseb. Ohron. to have been founded 188 

years before this. eV be^ia koXttov^ on the right to one sailing 

(K. § 284. 10. a; S. § 201. 4) into the Ionian gulf. By "lovias koXttos 
is not meant the Ionian sea, but the southern part of tliat portion of it, 
which was afterwards called the Adriatic. — — - irpoaoiKovo-i^ dordered 
on^ dwelt near to. The accusative which follows this verb, depends on 
tlie preposition. TavkavrLoi, Miiller places the Taulantii north 

Hosted by 


Chap. XXIY.] 



of Epidamnus, but Bloomf. contends tliat their country lay between 
Epidamnus and Apollonia. 

2. Ttiiv dcj> 'UpaKkeovs^ of the posterity of Rereules, It was usual 
to select the oekists, Avhen new colonies were planted, from the distin- 
guished Heracleid families, Avhich were found in all the Dorian cities. 

Of. Grote's Hist. Greece II. p. 4T9. €k r^? firjrponuXeois^ i. e. from 

Corinth, which was the mother city of Corcyra. KaTaKkrf^els^ 

being called to this office. 

4. oTTacridaravres de eV dXkrjKoLs k. r. X. There are two modes of 
translating this passage, according as i(j)?idprj(rav is taken with o-raa-La • 
o-avT€s Be eV dXXrjXoig (tJiey were wealmned l)y intestine discord)^ or with 
dno TTokefjLov tlvos (by cb certain toar). The former translation, which 
makes dno (= ef) TroXeixov the source or occasio^i of the intestine 
troubles, is defended by Ilaack, Goeller, and Arnold ; the latter, which 
regards d7r6 (= vtto) TroX/jLioi; as the immediate cause of their being 
reduced in numbers, is adopted by Poppo, Bekker, Kriig., Bloomf. etc. 
A comma is placed after ^ap^dpoiv by those who maintain the former 
interpretation. 1 am inclined to adopt the second translation, as ac- 
cording better with the signification of dno^ which stands much more 
commonly for vrrb than for ef^ cifter^ and witli the general sense of the 
passage, since intestine broils would be likely to take place without the 
occasion of a barbarian war, especially as this colony was composed 
of settlers from two states that had long disagreed. But after being 
weakened by these internal feuds, what mor^ natural than that tlie 
Barbarians (i« e. the Taiilantii) should attack them, and that too with 
success ? — — 0)9 Ae'yerat is to be taken with the preceding words. 

5. rd be reXeurala, at last K. § 278. R. 1. Some critics (as Goeller 
In his first edition) interpret, as though it were written rd de reX^vraXa 
rji^j on Tvpo Tovte rod TToXefiov (i. e. the Pfiloponnesia,n) 6 brjfxos avTodV. 

Tovs bwarovs^ " optimates.'''' Betant. " There was here it seems, 

as well as elsewhere, that contest between the ol exoi/res and the' ot 
ovK exovres^ the liavesomethings and the TKi'ce-notMngs^ which lias 
harassed, more or less, every nation that has arrived at any height of 
civilization, and seems particularly to infest old and thickly inhabited 
countries." Bloomf. diTek'^ovres from Epidamnus to the Bar- 
barians. - — - rovs iv TTJ TToXei^ thoss in the city = the citizens of 

6. The events here spoken of took place a. c. 435. Olj^mp. 86. 1. 
— — - 01. . . /dvT€s^ tliose who loere (see N. on opt^s^ I. 8. § 1) i?i the city^ 

in contradistinction to those wlio had been expelled. «? prirpo- 

Tiijkiv oucrav^ inasmuch as it loas (see N. on I. 9. § 4 end) their 2^cw^'^^t 
city, — ~ fiTj (T(pds iTcpiopdv (/)SeA/)o/xeVoDy, not to loolc on and: see them 

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224 NOTES. [BookI 

come to ruin. Of. Liddell and Scott ad verb. nepLopdoif. See also Mt. 
§ 550. — — rovs (fyevyoyras^ the exiles^ or perhaps better the 2^6rsom 

accused^ and who had avoided trial by flight. ravra — edeowo. In 

the sense of to request^ Sflo-Sat takes the accusative of the thing. 

Of. Jelf's Kiihn. § 529. 01)S. 1. Ka^ffo/xej/oi is to 'Upalou (in the 

temjjle of Juno) by constrnctio prsegnans (see IST. on I. 18. § 2) for 
eXSoi/res is to 'Hpaioi^ ko^I^ovto iv uvtS. LKeTeiav ovk ihe^avTO 

probably because the government of Epidamnns was now democrati- 
cal, while that of the Oorcyr^ans was aristocraticah 


The Epidamiiians in their perplexity consult the Delphle oracle, whether they shall delivof 
up their city to the Corinthians, and having received an affirmative response (§ 1), depart 
to Coiinth and entreat aid (§ 2) ; this the Corinthians promise to grant, both on tlie score 
of justice and through hatred to the Corcyrseans (§ 3) ; which hatred arose from the 
insolent treatment they had experienced from them in their colonial relations, the 
Corcyr^eans being pulfed up by their naval superiority, and because their isle bad once 
been inhabited by the Phseacians (§ 4). 

1. yvovTes — ovfiav^ hioioing that he toas, "With the infinitive, yc- 

yvcoa-K€iv signifies to learn^ to judge^ etc. K. § 811. 4. ■ Tip-oyplap 

=:^07p€Lav. iv Tvapov^ ^oere in a state of per^olexity lohat to 

do in the present exigency ; literally, were held in a strait etc. SeVSat, 

i. e. wore SecrSJat, or is to SeVSfat. ■ 7T€fiy\ravTes iv AeX(povs. " The 

nsual resource of desponding states." Mitford. el Tiapaholav. The 

optative (after an Historical tense) is used in indirect interrogative 
sentences, when the question is to be represented as proceeding from 

the mind of another. Of. K. § 344. 6. Tifxcoplav 7Toie7o-?iaL z= rtfioi- 

piav XajSelv. 6 d\ i. e. the oracle. • — — dv€2\€^ responded, 

Tjy^fxovas (i. 6. tovs Kopiv^iovs)^ leaders^ heads of the colony. They 
had been the founders of Epidamnns through the medium of Oorcyra, 
now they were constituted the immediate founders, and received as 
such the allegiance of the Epidamnians. 

2. to p,avTe'LOV = to iiavTevjia. toz^. . . .oVra, shoioing clearly 

that their founder loas from Gorintli. With the infinitive, ^eUvvpiL 
signifies to teach, K. § 811. 11. Kriig. says that the use of a^odv for 
eavTcbv is mostly Ionic and Thucydidean. — — ihiovTo re. Hermann 
on Eurip. Med. (OpRsc. TIL p. 156) defines these words, prcetereague 
oral)unt. He lays down also the rule, that re is not employed to 
connect a main circumstance, but one inferior in importance. But I 
cannot see why the entreating, etc, in this place, is not to be it-gardec^ 

Hosted by 


Chap. XXY. j JN T E S . £26 

as an important circumstance, inasmncli as it was tlio burden of the 
message which had been previously sent to the Oorcyra3ans, and that 
to which the dehvering up of the colony to tlie Corinthians was an 
indispensable step, a sine qua iion. — — dLadp^cipojjJvovs is more inten- 
sive than (j)?j€LpoiJi€Povs (I. 24.-. § 6), utterly (8ia-) 2^(^'^'ishing. 

3. de in lioptv^LOL Se is a general connective. — —re after Kara 
is responded to by de in dfxa Se, serving thus to connect the reasons 
why the Corinthians acceded to the request of the Epidamnians, — 
iavTcbv ehac^ loas theirs. K. § 273. 2. ». — — ovres^ altliougli tliey 
were. See IT. on I. T. § 1. 

4. ovre yap — diooures. The construction may be made regular by 
writing ovte dtdovres^ or ovre yap ebidoaav., or still better, by repeating 
7Tapr]pc\ovv (K. § 313. R. 1). The existence of yap shows, that the 
writer intended to have repeated a verb of similar meaning to Trap?;- 
p^eXovv. This, as Arnold remarks, he either forgot, or supposed that 
irap-qpeXovv itself could serve as the verb, notwithstanding by the in- 
sertion of yap he had rendered it grammatically impossible. — ^ — Tvav-q- 
yvpeai^ festive asseiiiblies. The Schol, refers this to the Olympic and 
l^emean games, but it is better to understand by it the public festivals 
in each city. — - — y^pa ra vo^L^opeva includes probably the Trpoedpla. 

' ouVe. . . ,Upiiiv has atiorded commentators much trouble. Bloomf. 

translates : nor eomiiiitted the leading 2^cLrt of the sacrifccial rites to 
a Gorinthian ; literally, not beginning the saerifieial rites loith a Co- 
rinthian. Goeller, whom Arnold quotes approvingly, makes Koptp'^Lcp 
dvdpl depend on SiSo/^Tes", and 7rpoi<.aTapxop.€uoi =: iv TrpoKarapxjj') and 
then translates ovnE yap, . , .lepcbp: neque in 2^'uMieis solennitatitus 
eons'uetos honores trii}uentes^ neque solita niunia "ciro Gorinthio in 
sacris. By mtcnia^ Goeller (whose interpretation is substantially that 
of Bloomf. and Haack) means the rites with which the sacrifice com- 

' raenced, such as pouring wine upon the head of the victim, sprinkling 
the barley (ovXoxvTas)^ and casting into the fire the hair cut from the 
head of the victim. But, as Poppo remarks, if Koptz^S/o) dpbpl pertains 
to didopres yepa^ and with these words, to both members of the sen- 
tence, it could not have well been placed after the second ovre. I 
prefer, as most natural, the translation whicli is in substance that of 
Poppo: nor serving a GorintJiian loith the first (= best) "portioii of 
the victim.s. It is obvious that Kopip'^lcp dvbpl admits of this interpre- 
tation as readily as though it had the plural form Kopiv'^Lots dt-'dpucn^ 
which Bloomf. thinks in that case would have been required. In 
respect to this signification of rrpoKardpxody cf. Butt. Lexil. JMo. 29 ; 
Liddell and Scott sul) voce. The reader is also referred to some valua- 
ble remarks in Grote's Hist. Greece (lY. p. 73), on this custom of 

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226 NOTES. [Book! 

honoring the citizens of the metropolirf with a privileged seat at fes- 
tivals, and with the first taste of the sacrificial victim. xPVh^'^^^ 

dvvd[Ji€L is opposed to rfj is jroXefiov napaaKevfj (infra), and shows in 
what respect Ojuom is to he taken. The koI hefore ;^;p7//xara)i/ has refer- 
ence to KoX hefore rfj is TroXeixov. o/xohi. . . .TrXovtricorarois-, equal 

to tlie ricliest of the Grecian states. On ouola with the superlative, 
cf. K. § 239. K. 2 ; S. § 159. 5. According to Mt. § 2^J0. 3, the use of 
ojxoia is seen in the equivalent, ovtes ukovo-ioi oixola rdls (.laXio-ra 
(irXovo-LOLs) Todv 'EWrjvcov. Cf. Bioomfield's note. — ~ dvparoirepoL than 

the Corinthians. vavTL!«^ .... eVatpd/xewt, sometimes {eornv ore^ oc- 

casionally. Bloomf.) 'being ■ ijuffed icp on account of their great nwdal 
suferiority . For tlie use of npoix^^^ denoting the ground of inaipo- 
fi^h'oL^ cf. Mt. § 534. 11. &; K. § 285. 1 (1). vuvtikco denotes the respect 

in which irpoixetv is to be taken. Km Kara. . . .vaus^ and decaitse 

the Phceacians^ renotoned in naval affairs^ dioelt formerly in Gorcyra ; 
literally, leing elated {imnpopicvQi repeated) on account of the 2^'i'emous 
diGdling of the Fhceacians in Gorcyra. For the double genitive after 
TTpoevoiKriCriv.^ cf. K. § 275. R. 6; S. § 187. In. 2. Kara rrjv — TTpoevoLKr]- 
aip (a varied construction from Tvpoix^tv iivaipop^voL) is interpreted by 
the SchoL, Spoicos rfj 7rpo€voLKr^aei rcLv ^cadKuiP = 171 a manner befitting 
the preoccupation of Gorcyra by the Phcaacians^ i, e. as became the 
successors of the Phseacians. It must not be supposed from this, that 
Thucydides placed much if any confidence in the fabulous account of 
the Pha3acians. He speaks here of the subject, as it was considered by 
the Corcyrseans. — - r/, for this reason (cf. L 11. § 1), refers to the fact 
just before alluded to, that the Phaeacians formerly had occupied their 
island. ovk ahvyaroi., "cery powerful^ '-^ quite poicerfuiy SchoL. 


For the reasons just given, tlie Corinthians send out colonists and troops to assist the 
Epidamnians (§ 1); these go by land to Apollonia (§ 2); the Corcyrasans hearing this, 
sail %Yith a fleet to Epidamnus, and order the citizens to receive the exiles (cf. I. 24. § 5) 
and to send back the colonists and troops that had come to their assistance (§ 8) ; on 
their refusal to do this, the Corcyrpeans proceed against them witli forty ships, talung 
■with them the exiles and some Illyrian auxiliaries (§ 4), and lay siege to the place, 
having first made proclamation, that any Epidamnian or stranger who wished, might 
depart unmolested (§ 5). 

1. iyiikripara exovres = Karrjyopovvres. Phav. olKr]Topa , . , , 

KcXevopres^ mahing proclamation that any one who chose might go as o 

Hosted by 


Chap. XXYL] KOTES. 227 

colonist. — — 'AfjLTTpaKLcorwv depends on (fypovpovs. Ambracia, in the 
southern part of Epiriis, was founded by a Corinthian colony, as 

was also Leucadia, an island on the western coast of Acarnania. 

(ppovpovs depends on KeX^vofrcs^ Avhicli in this connection signifies 
commanding. Uvai must of course be repeated. 

2. iT^Cj]^ ly land. Although it is not said expressly, that they 
w^ent to Epidamnus, yet it is implied in tiie emphasis which must be 
given to ttcQ = tl^^y went by iGMd to Apollonia, and afterwards 
proceeded to Epidamnus by loater. Apollonia, the ruins of which are 
noAV call Poliina, was situated near the mouth, of the ^as or Aous 
(noAV Voioussa)^ about fifteen miles south of the Apsus, It was at this 
time dependent upon Corinth. Bloomf. suggests that they went by 
water from Apollonia, in order to avoid the danger of passing through 

the territory of the Taulantii. — — - S/f f, through fear . KcoXvcovrai. 

The subjunctive her<i depends on a verb {enop^v^rjaav) denoting time 
past, in order to impart vivacity to the discourse, by narrating past 
events as though they were present. Cf. K. §§ 330. R. 1 ; 345. 5 ; S. 

§ 212. In. 7T€paiuvp.€voi.^ lohile 2^(^^sing^ 07i theii' passage. (See N. 

on iTo\€p.ovvTe£^ I. 13. § 6) ; or, perhaps, it is better (with Mt. § 555. 
Obs. 2) to construe this participle as an infinitive after kcoXvcovtcu.^ 
shonld hinder from passing. 

o. jja^ouTo — rjKouTcis. Witli the participle, aco-Saz/ecrSae signifies 
to percei'Ge.^ to ohserve ; with the infinitive, to think., to imagine. K, 
§ 311. 5; S. 225. T. — — - vavo-X is the dative of accompaniment, 
S. § 206. 5. — eVfpft) (TTokcd consisting of fifteen ships, as we learn 
by a comparison of § 4 infra, where the fleet of the Corey rseans is said 

to consist of forty sail. ■ kut iTrrjpeiau., insultingly^ with iiisolent 

threats. The haughty demand made here by the Corcyrseans, arose 
less from a desire to aid the exiles, than from hatred to the Epidamni- 
ans, increased probably by the intelligence, that they had applied to 
Corinth for assistance. - — - yap in §X^ov yap introduces the reason 
for the demand made by the Corcyrasans in behalf of the exiles. The 
parenthetic clause extends to Karayetv, after which the demand made 
by the Corcyrssans is resumed, the re in rovs re (j)povpovs corre- 
sponding to the re in rovs re cj)evyovTas^ and d7ro7r€fX7T€Lv depending 

on eKeXevov Kar iTrrjpeiav at the beginning of the section. rdtpovs 

....^vyyevciav^ pointing to the sepulchres (of their ancestors) and 
showing their (= claiming) relationship. Eor the dilogia in airobeL- 
KvvvT€9^ cf. K. § 346. 3. — rjv TrpoLcrxop-^evoi^ holding out which., alleging 

which as an argument or ground of request. aTroTre/xTreiv from 

Epidamnus. — — ouSeV, i. e. Kar ovhev., stronger than ovk, Bloomf. 
'^ avrSiv is neuter. Cf. 1. 29. § 1 ; 140. § 4. 

Hosted by 


228 NOTE 6. [BoOiL L 

4. The SohoL interprets dXka by kuI^ but the abruptness of aXXa 
is quite in keeping with the style of Thucydides. An ellipsis may 
be easily supplied^ such as : the Corcyrcecms (made no more verbal 

demands), lut proceeded agamst them^ etc. ws- Kara^ovres (sc. 

avTOLs)^ tinder jpretence of restoring them, ws- is here used de rej^re- 
textu. ' — — - Ka\ {also) connects 7Tpoo-\a^6v7€s with fi^ra rcdv c^uyaScoi/. 
—- TTpocrKa^ovTes as auxiliaries. The participle is to be construed 
v/ith (7T pare V ova LP, 

5. 'jrpo(TKa?ieC6jji€vot^ hlocmding^ not strictly tesieging^ since, as 
Eloomf. and Poppo observe, it was not until after the Epidamnians 
would listen to no proposal, that it is said the Oorcyrssans iTrokiopKow 
Tr}v TTokiv. The accusative is rarely found after TrpocrKa'^€£ecr^ai^ and 
only in the general meaning which it has in this place. — — TTpofnrov 
— Tov (BovXofiepov — aTTiemL. The object of verbs which take the geni- 
tive or dative, is frequently put in the accusative with the following 

infinitive. Gf K. § ml, 1^. 3 ; S. § 222. 3. a, eL , . ^xPW^^^'^^h 

hut otherioise they lootUd treat them as enemies. Poppo and Goeller 
edit xPWcia-^cu^ but the future form is adopted by Bekker (in his last 
edition), Ilaaok, and Arnold, which is undoubtedly correct, since the 
time of the action is essentially future. Of. K. § 257. R. 2 ; Jelf 's 
Ivdhn. § 405. Ols. 2. There is no need with Bloomf. to repeat npod- 
TTov per dilogiam (see E". on § 3 supra), in the sense of order^ declare 
openly^ since such brevity of expression is continually occurring in 

every language. iire'i'^ovro refers to the Epidamnians. •— — ecm 

S' la^fjios TO xo^pi-oi^ is a parenthesis, and is so marked in niost of the 
editions before me. iVS/xos- (== dp<j)L^dKdo-(Tios. Schol.) means here 
a jpeninsula^ or an isthmus on a 2^eninsula. IN'otiGe the position oi 
la'^pLos between the subject and the verb. 


Tlie Corintliians prepare to send out a fleet for the relief of Epidamnns (§ 1) ; ships, 
money, and troops are furnisiied at their request hy their allies (§ 2). 

TToXiopKovvTaL^ sc. oi ' 'Ett M fjLv 10 L. Vaq ludicative is here employed 
because the statement is given in the messenger's own words, on 
in such cases serving as a mark of quotation = (announcing) " the 
Epidamnians are 'besieged.'''^ t)f. K. § 829. R. 8 ; S, § 213. 1. Some 
may prefer, however, in this and similar cases, to regard the indicative 
as supplying the place of the optative (S. f 213. IST. 1), for the sake oi 

Hosted by 


.-^AP. XXVIL] ^' T E S . 22S 

'.A^acity : (announcing) ifiat the Epidamnians^ etc. aTvoidav , . . , 

€Krjpvcr(roi' = proclaimed thai a colony loas cbbout to ~be sent to Epidam- 
71118. (See ]>[. on dicKpbrjcrap TTpos:^ I. 18. § 2). es in its nse here ia 
mucli like our fo7\ in such expressions as, the expedition is for Oregon. 
So here: proclaimed a colony for JE2ndainniLS. — eVl rfj larj koI 
Spola (sc. fjLotpa or TLpfj)^ hewing eqiicd and similar ranlc and p}riTi- 
leges with the old colonists and with one another. ITot, as Goeller 
supposes, equal to the citizens of the parent state, hut equal to one 
another, whatever distinctions may have existed among them at 

Corinth. Haack supplies &(tt€ before Uvat. Of. K. § 306. R. 3 ; 

S. § 223. 1. — — /X77 i'^iXoL—^oukerai. A shade of uncertainty id 
given to the first verb by the optative ■=. should perhaps l)e iinioilling 
— and yet loished (as a matter of fact). For this intermingling of the 
optative. and indicative, cf. Mt. §529. 5; Eost, §122. I. 7; Jeh'^'s 
Kiihn. § 855. Ols. 4. The apodosis is contained in peveiv^ which is 

constructed like the preceding Uvcu. — ■ • ijevrrjKOvra hpaxpas Kara'^tv 

ra Kopti'Siay, ly paying fifty GorintMan drachmcB^ towards defraying 
the expenses of sending out the colony. The Corinthian drachma 
was equal in value to the ^ginetan, v/liich was worth ten oboli. 
Fifty of these would amount, therefore, i^ somethiug more than 
eighty- three Attic drachm?© (see >T. on III. IT. § 3). Some translate 
Koptz^S/as-, at Goi'intli^ but are divided in opinion, whether it is to. be 
taken with icara'^^vra or with pLevetv. Many of the MSS. have Kopiv 

?iLOLs. pip€iv depends on eKrjpvcro-op. 

2. ro)j/ M€yap€(ov. Megara, with the states here named, formed a 
j)art of the ancient Peloponnesian confederacy, and were bound to Cor- 
inth by the ties of consanguinity, amity, and nnity of political views. 
The aid ivhich Megara received from Corinth, when it revolted from 
Athens, is spoken of, I. 114. § 1. ^vpTrpoTrepyj/ecv^ to convoy^ to at- 
tend for the saJce of defence, et cipa^ if p)eTchanGe. • koAvolvto 

—nXelv. K. § 306. 1. a. TLaX^js (Att. for HaXa?. S. §48. IsT. 2. b), 

the inhaMtants of Fale^ one of the four cities of Oephallenia, and as 
some think, a Corinthian colony. But cf. MiilL Dorians, I. p. 130, 

N. m. 'EinbavpLcoj/. The Epidaurus here spoken of, was a city 

of Argolis, on the western coast of the Saronic Gulf, over against 

j5Cgina. 'Eppioprjs^ the inhabitants of Hermione^ which was also a 

city of Argolis, south of Epidaurus and opposite Hydrea. — Tpoi- 
(r]VLoi. Troezen lay about midway between Epidaurus and Hermione, 

Bomewhat east of a direct line betweem the two cities. Qiq^alovh 

. , . . ^Xiao-Lovs. These being vv^ealthy, but not maritime states, furnish- 
'sd money doubtless in the way of a loan. The Eleans, in addition tc 
money, fm-nished empty ships, not having seamen to man them. 


Hosted by 


230 NOTES, [BcokI 


The Corcyraeans hearing of this extensive armament send ambassadors to Corinth, 
charging them to withdraw their garrison and colonists from Epidamniis (§ 1) ; pro- 
fessing their willingness to submit the whole affair to the arbitration, either of othei 
states, or of the oracle at Delphi (§ 2) ; but if war was resolved upon, they should look 
for aid from some powerful quarter (§ 8); to this the Corinthians reply, that they would 
consider their proposals, whenever they should withdraw their fleet and barbarian aux- 
iliaries from Epidamnus (§ 4) ; the Corcyroaans consent to do this, provided the Cor- 
inthians will take upon themselves the same conditions (§ 5). 

1. ovs TTapeXaQop to be witnesses (says the Soliol.), or to ensure to 
the Corcyrajans more respect from the Corinthians. It is probable 
that the Oorcyraaans began to be alarmed at the powerful confedera- 
cy which was formed against them, and had recourse to the media- 
tion of the Lacedaemonians and the Sycionians. ws 'EttlM- 

fj.vov^ as tliey had no concern with Epiclccmnus. For the construction 
of «<? — jicrbv (from [jL^T€LiJiL% cf. K. §312, 6. c; S, § 226. a, avTo7s 
may be referred to S, § 201. 3 ; and '-Entbd'xvov to S. § 191. 2, 

2, d Se n aPTLTTOiovPTUL (so, 'E7rt§a/Ai/oi^), Icii/ any claim to Epi- 

dctmnus. dpTiTiroLelcr'^at^ ^Hnndicare slMy Betant. 5/^.7? — Bovpai, 

^' to siibmit the quarrel to a fcdr discussion^ Arnold. I would rather 
say, submit tlie matter to arhitration^ or to a judicial investigation. 

The expression is a forensic one. Trapa TroXecnu ah^ i. e. jrapa 

TTokecnv Trap als. K. § 300, 5. b. ^vj-ijScocnu^ SC, diKas §iSoz/at. 

oTTorepcov depends on elmi (to belong), S. § 190. Kparelv is 

constructed in the same manner as Uvai and /xeVeii^, I. 27. § 1. It is 
worthy of note, that the Oorcyrseans did not offer to refer the subject 
to a congress of the Peloponnesian states, lest, as Miiller (Dorians, I. p. 
202) justly remarks, by the preponderance of Sparta, their liberty 
might have been endangered, but it was to be referred to arbitrators 
shosen by both states, or to the Delphic oracle. This last offer was 
^ery generous on the part of the Corcyrseans, inasmuch as the Del 
phic oracle had countenanced the proposal of the Epidamnians, to pu 
themselves under the protection of Corinth, and might be inclined 

therefore to favor their interests, TvoXepiov 5e ovk ctcou Trotaz/, hut 

they were unioilling to mcike loar ; literally, tliey would not permit 
etc. ■ Mt. § 608. 1. 

8. d de pLj]^ but otherwise^ i. e, if the Corinthians would not con- 
sent to an amicable adjustment of the difficulties. ahroi^ they 

themselves (as the Corinthians had done). iKcivoov ^la^ofievcoh 

(taken transitively), they compelling^ at their compulsion. TrotcT- 

Hosted by 


Chap. XXVIII.] 



o-Siat, to mctlce for themselves. — — Haack refers (pikovs to the Spar- 
tans or Athenians. The latter doubtless are meant. ^ovKovrai 

refers to the Oorcjrseans and not to the Corinthians. The meaning is, 
that the Oorcyrgeans did not wish to be obliged to pursue the course 
here spoken of. — — irepovs as an expression of difference is followed 
by the genitive (K. § 271. 3 ; S. § 198. 2). It is here qualified by 

jxaWoj/^ far other thaii^ i. e. of a very different nature than. rihv 

vvv oWcoy, i. e. the exiles and the Illyrians (cf. 1. 26. § 4), who were 
at this time aiding the Oorcyrseans, for this state had not yet confed- 
erated itself with any Grecian power (cf. I. 31. § 2). The Schol. ex- 
plains Toiu vvv ovTcdv by Tcov VVV LCTxvovTcov^ aud tlicrefore Mattliia) 
conjectures iKarepovs T03V vvv e^ovrcov fj.aXXov^ taking €)(6lv fjcaXkov in 
the sense of potior em esse. 

4. rcis T€ vavs^ i. e. the forty ships with which they were nov/ 
blockading Epidamnus (I. 26. § 4). tovs ^apf^dpovs^ i. e. the Illy- 
rians. (SovXeucrecr'^ai^ they iDould deliberate mwn the thing. 

nporepov the withdrawal of the ships and Barbarians. — — ov 

TToXtop/ceicrSai, it toottld not de loell for those (i. e. the Epidamnians) to 
he sustaining a siege. The particles /ueV and be are here employed to 
connect two propositions, which are strongly contrasted with each 
other. The ov KaXfos ex^iv^ cf. Bntt. § 150. p. 445, was predicated of 
neither of the actions taken by itself, but of the incongruity of carry- 
ing on hostilities while arbitrating for peace. — - avrovs refers to 
both the OorcyrjBans and Corinthians, Goeller refers it to the Cor- 
inthians alone, but as Poppo remarks, why then was it not Avritten 
o-(pds ? — diKa^ea^ai^ to le litigating^ to be at issue in a suit. 

5. avreXeyov^ replied. rovs ev 'ETnbdfxva>^ i. e. the colonists 

and troops sent to Epidamnus by the Corinthians (I. 26. § 1). ■ 

TTOLTjcreLV Tttura, i. e. ras vavs koX rovs ^ap^dpovs dnd^etv. irdljxoi 

be elvat k. t.\. There is some diversity in the translation of this 
passage. One class of interpreters, among whom are Poppo and 
Haack, make iroLT^a-aar^ai to depend on irotixoL^ and construct coo-tc 
(in the sense of hac conditione ut. Mt. § 479. a ; S. § 223. 1) after 
Kara x<»paz^. The sense then would be : they loere also ready to malce 
a truce on this condition.^ that both parties should remain as they loere 
(literally, in their place\ until the cause should be decided. Arnold 
and Bloomf., on the other hand, construct ixeveiv (defined more spe- 
cifically by (hare) in direct dependence on irolfjiOL^ and retain be after 
cnrovbds (which is omitted or bracketed by all the recent editors), thus 
connecting Troirjo-ao-'^aL with jxeveiv. This would give the sense : " they 
were also ready to agree that both parties should remain lohere they 
were.^ and a truce be made., to continue until the cause should be de- 

Hosted by 


232 NOTES. [Book 1 

cidedy Bloomf. This strikes me as the more natural interpretation, 
and one, which avoids the harsh transposition of words upon which 
the other is based, although the interposition of wcrre between eVoI/xoi 
and iieveiv^ is somewhat troublesome to account for. In respect to the 
mood which eco? -takes, Kiihner lays down the rule (Gram. § 33T. 3, 5), 
that when the point of time expressed by it is past, and the statement 
is to be represented as a fact, the indicative is used ; when present or 
future, the subjunctive. 


The Oorintliians reject the proposals of the Corcyrseans, and sail for Epidamnus with 
se\«nty-five ships under Aristeus and other leaders (§§1, 2); the Corcyrieans send a 
herald to Actium to forbid their further approach, and meanv/hile busy themselves in 
preparing their fleet for action (§ 3); the mission of the herald proving unsuccessful, 
they come to action with the Corinthian fleet and destroy fifteen of their ships (§ 4) ; 
and on the same day get possession of Epidamnus (§ 5). 

1. TTXrjpets^ i. e. full of sailors, well manned. - — — rrporepov^ i. e. in 
advance of the armament. — — irpo^povvra, S. § 325. 5. The Sohol. 
regards this act of the Corinthians as done by the way of insult, but 
it was a ceremony of general usage. clpavre^^ having weighed an- 
chor^ imt to sea. Sio-xtX/ot?. Three thousand hoplites are spoken 

of (I. 27. § 2). There may have been some mistake in the text, or 
perhaps the whole number could not be got in readiness to embark in 
season. The Scliol. thinks that through contempt of the Corcyrssans, 
one thousand were left behind. But tliis is very unlikely. — — Kep- 
Kvpalois. S. § 202. 1. — — ivavrla is used adverbially (cf. III. 65. § 8) 
and strengthens irokeiirja-ovTes^ to fight against. S. § 225. 5. 

2. io-rparrjyet conforms in number to the first subject which fol- 
lows it. Cf. K. § 242. R. 1. peS>p. S. § 189. 

3. ep 'Aktio). o . .y^y, m Actium in tJie country of Anactorium. 
The genitive denotes the whole, the city or town being a part. See 
ISr. on I. 114. § 2. Actium was afterwards celebrated for the naval 

fight between Augustus and Mark Antony. ev aKarico^ in a slciff. 

The Schol. says that this was done to show their peaceful intention. 

- — — cmepovvTa /x?) Tr\e7v. See IST. on I. 10 § 1 (end). -— — eirXrjpow. 
See 'N. on TrXrjpets^ § 1 supra. — ~ Cev^avres. There is much doubt 
in what consisted the repairs, which all commxentators agree that this 
word denotes. The only views which seem capable of justification, (1) that of Passow, Goeller, and Arnold : undergirding with ropes^ 

Hosted by 


Chap. XXIX.] NOTES. 233 

i. e. passing under-girths under the ship and so binding it together. 
Arnold says tliat the Russian ships taken in the Tagus in 1808, were 
kept together in this manner, in consequence of their age and unsound 
condition. He also refers to Acts 29 : 19. But Poppo denies that 
uTTofcowu/xt, which is there found, has the same meaning as ^evywjii^ 
or that the signification of viro^coixaTa in Plato, Repub. X. p. 616. 
(cited by Goeller, and Arnold) is parallel ; (2) the interpretation 
dopted by Portus, Haack, and others : furnishing loitli 'benclies^ oars^ 
etc. ; (3) the interpretation of Bloomf., who refers it to the inner 
Moclcs^ learns^ and stays^ by which the frame of the ship is held togeth- 
er, and which need to be repaired or renewed whenever it is refitted. 
I am inclined to adopt this view, although far from being certain as 
to its correctness. The general definition rcjxaVm^ (of. Betant suJ) 
voce)^ is perhaps all that we can give witli our present knov/lodge of 

the word, and the ancient structure of ships. eTTLo-Kevdo-apr^g 

refers, probably, to such minor repairs and equipments as all vetsels 
occasionally require. 

4. yap in TeaarapaKoPTa yap implies an ellipsis : the number (i. e. 
eighty) was all they could oppose to the Corinthians, for forty ^ etc. 

ivLKTjorau. Leake thinks that the action took place between Paxu 

and Cape Yarhim. mipa ttoXu, ly far, Phav. quotes this in the 

adverbial form TTapanokv. — — ducj^'^eipav, cUsaMed^ 2^'^'^^ '^^^^'^ ^^^ ^^^^^" 

'bat. avTOis refers to the Oorcyraeans. — — tovs — TTokiopKovvras 

refers to those of the Oorcyr^eans who were besieging Epidamnus. 
Haack well observes that this is shown by the change of case, since 
otherwise the construction might have been continued by the dative, 

Tr]v ^'EiTTibapLvov TroXLopKovcn. TrapacrTrjoraa'^aL ofxoXoyia^ forced to fi 

capitulation., 'brought to agree to terms of sicrrender. This use of 
rraplarrjfii is easily derived from its literal signification in the middle : 
to cause a person to stand 'by 07ie''s side^ and hence to co7n])el to be on 

one^s side. — — &(tt€^ on condition that. See IsT. on I. 28. § 4. 

eTrrjXvbas^ neio corners^ the same that were called ^evoi (I. 26. § 5), i. e. 
the Ambraciots and Leucadians (I. 26. § 5). — — cmohocr'^ai " est in 
servitutem vender e.'''' Goeller. - — — 'Kopiv^iovs Se dqaavras ^x^'^? ^^^^ 
having bound the Gorinthians they shouM heep ^/i<3'?2.=::: should retail? 
the Corinthians in custodjo 

Hosted by 


234 KOTES. [Book I 


The Corcyvfeans having erected a trophy, put the rest of the captives to death, hut re- 
tain the Corintliians in custody (§ 1) ; the fleet of the latter retiring homewards, tlie 
Corcyrosans remain masters of the sea in those parts, ravage the territory of Lencas 
and burn Cyllene (§ 2) ; the Corinthians send out a new fleet to sustain the cause of 
their allies, which takes its station at Actium and about Chimerium (§3); the Corcy- 
riean fleet tal^es its station opposite at Leucimne (§ 4) ; but neither party attempt to 
bring on an engagement, and on the approach of winter retire homeward (§ 5). 

1. AevKi/jLvrj, Arnold prefers KevKLixixyjy as the readiug of the best 
MSS. and conlinned by the iianie Leiikimmo, which the place still 
bears. Of. DodwelPs Class, Tour. I, p. 39. Col. Leake (Travels in 
North. Greece, I. p. 94) by the name Alefkemo identifies it with the 
low cape advancing into the channel at Corfu, eight miles to the 

northward of Cape Bianco. rovs aniKreivav. This v/as done 

contrary to the terms of surrender, probably in the excitement occa- 
sioned by trie erection of the trophy, or at the suggestion of the 
democratical leaders, in order to cut oif all hope of accommodation 
with the aristocracy. — - ciXhovs than the Corinthians. They were 
called enfjXvd^s in tlie jjreceding chapter. 

•2. Tjao-rjiievoL^ icorsted. — iir o'Uov^ liomewaQ'd. irrl with the 
genitive marks the aim, object, or direction of the action, as TrXaz^ 
eVl 'Sdjjiov^ to sail toioards Samos^ but eVt 2a/xov, to Samos ; eV o'Ikop^ 

to their liorae. Of. K. §§ 273. K. 8 ; 296. 1. b ; S. § 231. iKpdrovv 

is the apodosis of irreibr} — dj/exooprjcav. — rrjs kqt eKelva ra x^^pta^ 

i. e. the sea adjacent to Corcyra. rrji/ — diroiKLap. This has been 

mentioned before (1. 27. § 2), and hence the article is attached to it. 
— — ■ rrjs yrjs erej^cov^ ravaged a part of the country. For the genitive, 
cf. Mt. § 325. 1 ; K. § 273. 3. a; S. 191. 1. The same expression we 

find in II. 56. § 4. eirlv^Lov^ naval arsenal^ sea-port^ where the 

navy of the state lay. Such was the PirsBus, Nissea, Gytheum, etc. 
" — - rrapiaxov refers to the Eleans. Cf. 1. 28. § 2. 

3. rrcpuovTi tS ?iepec^ tohen the summer teas draioing to a close^ 
cibout the end of summer. Poppo and Ilaack read TT^ptovn rw ^epei 
Ucstatis reliqua parte)^ which reading is found in almost all the 
MSS. and also in Bekker's edition. But Arnold shows pretty conclu- 
sively, that this Avould demand the reading ro) neptoprt rod Se-^ot's-, or 
TO) ^^p€L rS TrepiovTL. Some render it (as did Bloomf. in his earlier 
sdition), until the return of (the next) summer.^ on the ground ihat 
the sea-fight could not have taken place before the last of July, wiiicli 

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Chap. XXXL] 



would have left too little time for the Corinthians to return home, refit 
their fleet, which must have been roughly handled in the engagement, 
and station it at Actium and about Ohimerium, in season to make ap- 
plicable the words which follow (§ 5 infra), uWa rb '^epos tovto avriKu- 
'^e^ojiievoi K. T. X., after o^emaining in oi^ioodie stations tliis wliole sum- 
mer. But may we not assign to the time of the battle, an earlier date 
in the summer than this interpretation assumes? Goeller thinks that 
it took place in the beginning of the summer, and perhaps even in th 
spring. If so, there would remain ample time for the transactions here 
spoken of. Besides, if oKKa to '^epos rovro dvriKa'^e^ofjLevoi K.r. X. refers 
to the next summer after the battle, it has a very harsh connection, to 
say the least, with rod re ^f "^^^ "^op ir^elu-rop^ with which the section 
commences, especially if top §' iviavrov iravra k. t. X. with Avhich the 
next chapter begins, be taken also into consideration. The battle 
took place a. o. 435. The full year after the sea-hght, and the year 
■subsequent to that, would include the winters of a. o. 435-4, and 
434-3. But here a difficulty arises from the fact, that the best chro- 
nologists unanimously fix the date of the second expedition in 432. 
What were the contending parties doing the year that is here omit- 
ted ? Arnold leaps over the difficulty, by assigning the date 433 to 
the time when the speeches (chaps. 32-43) were delivered, and 432 to 
the events which are detailed in I. 44. But perhaps the termimis a 
quo of these two years may be the winter of a. o. 435-4, when both 
parties went into winter quarters ; the year after the sea-iight would 
then be 434-3 and the next year 433-2, so that in the spring of 432 

the second expedition might be made. 'Akt/o).' This station and 

that at Ohimerium were chosen, for the protection of the Leucadians 

and their other allies in that quarter. Xei/xepioi/, Ohimermm^ 

according to Leake the place now called Arintza, Of, N. on I. 46. § 4. 


The Corinthians spend the next two years in active preparations /or war (§1); at which 
being alarmed, the Corcyrieans determine to send ambassadors to implore the aid of tha 
Athenians (§2); the Corinthians hearing this, send an embassy also to Athens (§3); 
an assembly being convened in that city, the debate is opened by the Corcyrseans (§ 4). 

1. opyfi (p^povres top — rroXe/xoi', carrying on the loar vdtli spirit. 
The old commentators (whom Bloomf. here follows) interpret it, leing 
Indignant at the war^ talcing in dudgeon the war (i. e. the events of it). 

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236 5T0TES. [Book I 

But cf. TCI aXXa Su/z« e^epoj/, Y. 80, § 2, upon whicli Poppo remarks : 
nihil aliucl signifioare possunt qnam reliqtca im206tu qiwclam animi 

aclministra'bcmt. ivavn-qyovvro^ Icept 'building slii^ys for tliemselves. 

— TO. KpaTiara =z to tll6 tttmost of tlieiT CiMlity, yua'^oy 'uel'^ov- 

res (so. ai'Tovs)^ inducing tJiem ty '?.iJ«:i^(/6S (to. enter into their service). 
Bloomf. from III. 31. § 1, would supply ^-u/xTroXejiieTy, and refers to 
our expression, talcing them into pay. 

2. r](jav yap commences a parenthesis which extends to AaKebai- 
fxovicov. The verb ebo^ev which follows, is connected by /cat (before 

the parenthesis) to ol KepKvpaioi iipo^ovvro. ov^svos depends 

on eucnrovboL^ in alliance witli no one. ws", ^6>, '^is never thus 

prefixed to a noun denoting an inanimate object." S. § 136. N". — — 
€vpL(TK€a'^ai^ to find for tJiemsehes. Of. Anab. II. 1. § 6. The object 

is oocbeXeiav. 

3. KoX aiJTot, they also. Trpea^evcropcvoL (S. § 225. 5), to nego- 
tiate by am.bassadors. Poppo prefers irpealSevopcvoL. (KJ^Lfft de- 
pends on epTTodiop. TTpos — TTpoay€v6pevov. Sometimes the prepo- 
sition with which a verb is compounded is repeated. '^la'^aL 

(= is TO ^ea'^ai) denotes the respect in which ipTrohiov is to be taken. 
Cf. I. 25. § 1. Bloomf. takes it in the sense of SiaSeVSai, dis]yonere^ 
order .^ i. e. bring to an issue. This verb is nsnally accompanied by 
€v or Kokcos^ which sense is here given by 77 ^ovkovrai. 

4. Karao-rdo-qs is intransitive. Of. Soph. Gr. Verbs, p. 165. 

Toiddf, as follows. The substance of the speech is given. Of. I. 22. § 1, 


This oration of the Corcyr^eans may be divided into, 1, the exordium 
(chap. 32); 2, the argumentative portion (chaps. 83-36. § 2) ; 8, the perora- 
tion (chap. 86. § 8). The second part (i. e. the argumentative) may also be 
subdivided into the rh oocpeXiixov (chap. 38), and rb ^Kawv (chaps. 34, 85). This 
last head may also be subdivided into an argument, 1, upon the claims 
which the Corinthians, as the mother country, might be supposed to have 
upon the Corcyrasans (chap, 34) ; and 2, upon the violation of the Pelopon- 
nesiau treaty with which the Athenians would be chargeable, should they 
succor the Corcyrasans (chap. 35. § 4). The orator then recurs again to the 
advantages of the proposed alhance (chaps 80. § 6, 36. § 2), and closes v/ith 
the pei'oration. 

The orations and speeches in Thucydides are full of exegetical difficulties, 
and require much laborious study, in order to understand them, so as to sep 

Hosted by 



nnd appreciate their beauty and force. Tlie reader should subject every 
sentence to the most searching grammatical analysis both etymological and 
syntactical, and having thus explored the meaning, shoukl treasure it carefully 
m memory, so as to be able to read in connection larger portions, and in the 
end, the -^vhole oration. This, however, should not be deemed all that is 
requisite. Pv^epeated perusals are necessary, to secure that ease of translation 
and freedom from verbal perplexities, which bring the mind into sympathy 
with the great and glowing ideas of the writer, and cause it to be borne along 
upon the stream of argument, which flows with such depth and vehemence 
aud grandeur. The editor of this edition would therefore urge upon every 
readei", the importance of attaining by frequent reviews that fticility of trans- 
lation, which will enable him to read these speeches, without the interruption 
occasioned by consulting lexicons and other books of reference. 


The exordium commences with an acknowletlgment, that those who ask aid, in the cir- 
cuinstancos in which the Corcyrosans present themselves to the Athenians, should shoA"/ 
that an iulvantajce will accrue thereby to those who confer tlic favor, aud that the obli- 
gation ^\i\] be amply repaid by the party assisted (§| 1, 2); a brief reference is made to 
the unwise line of conduct previously pursued by the Corcyrreans in having abstained 
from alliance with any of the states (§§ 3, 4) ; tliey had indeed defeated the Corinthians 
in a former battle, ju^t the extensive forces which their enemies were collecting from 
Peloponnesus, compelled them to ask aid of the Athenians (§ 5). This exordium has 
ever been regarded as a master-piece of its kind, and has been closely imitated by subse- 
quent writers, among whom may be mentioned, Procop. in orat. Gepid., and Sallust Bell. 
Jug. Compare also the oration of the Campanians. Livy, VII. 80. 

1. AUaiov . . . .avabida^m. The order is : dUaiop rovs rJKOvras irapa 
rovs TilXas^ cos koI r]jxels vvv^ beijoofjievovs emKovpias^ ixr]T€ evepyeo-las 
—7rpov(p€i\ofji€i'r]s (sc. vcj)' vpcbi/ " A.'^rjvaicdv) avabiba^ai, Poppo, Goeller, 

Arnold, and Bloomfield edit. jrpoocjieLXopievrjs. irapa rovs neXas^ ad 

alios^ \. those loith loliom intercourse is liad. coaTvep Ka\ Ty/zeTs-, 

sc. deopc'^a. d€i]o-op€vovs marks the purpose of rJKopras, K § 312. 

i. c ; S. § 225. 5. duadidd^aL^ to maJce it clearly (dm-) a23pear. 

— 7rpa)rov—€7V€LTa. Between these correlative particles, we find 
two other corresponding conjunctions, paXiara pev and el de prj. ■— — 
^ipcpopa (sc. de^para. Jelf 's Kiihn. §§ 629. Ods. 1 ; 583,' 45) is con- 
nected by the preceding ml to the antithetic clause on ye (at least) ovk 

iTnCrjpia. on belongs to biovrai repeated from the preceding clause. 

— — Tiiv x«pi^ ^e^aiov e^ovcTLv^ they shall have the favor secure (to be 
returned when needed) z= shall do a favor not to de forgotten. There 


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238 NOTES. [Book! 

is here a change of subject, which, however, is only rhetorical, since 
the expression = they (i. e. the persons benefited) idUI not forget 
the fawr lestowed!' This appears to be the view taken by the Schol., 
who explains ;^a/oti/ by avTixapiv. Of. rrjv x«ptf^ KaraSetcrSe, 1. 33. § 1, 
with the explanation given in the note. Poppo prefers the common 
interpretation: (qui sooietatem petant) etiamfirmam gratiam habitU' 
ros^ will acJcnowledge their lasting oiligations. This interpretation 
involves no change of subject, and therefore by some may be pre- 
ferred to the one above given. ^e(3aLos in Thucydides is an ad- 

iective of two terminations. — — (ra(pes KaTaa-Trjo-ovcri = (racjies (clear) 
7TOir]crovcn. /xt) opyi^eor'^aL depends on dUaiov. 

2. KepKvpalot. , , r][ias. Construct: KepKvpaioi aTreareikav rjfJias 
TTiarevovTes^ /xera rrjs atTrjaeois rrjs ^vp,fiaxicis Trape^sa-^ai ravra i^vpa 
vplv^ the Gorcyrceans have sent us^ trusting that while we aslc the alli- 
ance (literally, with the ashing of the alliance)^ loe shall establish these 
looints to your satisfaction (Uterally, shall malm these points sure to 
you). rjpAv is the dat. commodi. K. § 284. 3. R. 4. 

3. T€TvxrjKe d^vp.(j)opov, hut it has ha2Jpe7ied (==: it is our for^ 

tune) that the same custom^ (when considered) i-n relation to (fV, K. 
§ 290. 2. 3. c) our present request is irrational in your mew (npos L'/xa?, 
K. § 298. III. 3. e), and prejudicial to the p)Tese7it posture of our affairs. 
The (TnrrjdeviJLa here spoken of, was that of making no alUes, and of 
minding their own interests only. This appears from the following 
section, introduced by yap (epexegetical) . ov is often omitted after 
rvyxdp<x). K. §311. R. 5; Mt. § 553. §. Ohs. 1. npos vfxds is to be 
joined with 'aXoyov^ and not with ig rrjv xP^^^^ w'^^^ when viewed 
with reference to our interests as it regards you., as some interpret the 
passage. xP^'-^^ ^^ ^ request resulting from necessity, rjinlv = tJ/zcov, i. e. 
7]p^repav. Some, with Arnold, may prefer to make tJjuTi; depend upon 
rervxrjKe, The sense would not be altered. - — — is rd rjixerepa avTCdv^ 
in reference to our interest. 

4. ^vp,p,axot .... rjxop^eu explains akoyov in the pi eceding section, 
and Koi dfjca .... Ka'^eo-rajjiev is exegetical of d^viJL(popov. Some refer 

both clauses to each of the above mentioiled adjectives. eV r^ 

TTpo Tov^ i. e. iu ra irpo rov XP^^^ (f^^^J written in XL 58. § 2 ; 73. 

§ 3), in the time tefore this = aforetime. iKovcnoi^ voluntarily. 

Tovro^ i. e. ^vpLfxaxoi elvat. eprjjjbOL of helpers. §t* avro^ 

i. e. because they had formed no alliances. The subject of Trepte- 

(nrjKeu is ^. . . = (roi(ppo(Tvvr] (prudent moderation. Poppo), with which 

TO. . . ,^vyKivbvv^v€iv is in tpexegetical apposition (K. § 226. R. 3). 

TjJ rov neXas yvoop^j]^ " aliorum arbitratu." Poppo. d^ovkla 

m thought to refer to dXoyov., and da^emLa to d^vfjL(j)opov. — (pai" 

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Chap. XXXIL] ISTOTES. 289 

vofiivr) depends on Tr^piea-TijKav in the sense of els to (fiaivea-^ai^ has 
turned out to he ^luvivifestly d^ovXla koI acrSeVeta. 

5. ovv is here resumptive of the thought which was partially inter- 
rupted by §§ 3, 4, tlie orator now proceeding to give the reason why 
the Oorcyroaans, although victorious in the former battle, applied to 

the Athenians for aid. In this use, ovv = I say then, vav^ax'tav — 

aTrecoo-ajU-eSa Y.opiv'^LOvs. After the analogy of viKaui (S. § 184. IST. 1), 
aiTM'^eoi is here followed by tAVo accusatives, we defeated the Corin- 
thians in a sea-fight. Of. Mt. §§ 409. 3 ; 421. F. 3 ; Bernh. Synt. p. 
121. It is strange that this should have been overlooked by such 
critics as Haack, Goeller, and Bioomfieid, and that the old method of 
supplying a preposition should have been resorted to in constructing 

vavjxaxlav. Kara ii6va<; streHgthens ciltoi, '' alone l)y oursehesy 

5e in eVetSf) Se responds to /aeV in the preceding proposition. 

7/Ltetff a'bvvaTGi opa^iiev ovres^ tce saiD that we icere unalle. T!ie partici- 
ple after olba^ when it refers to the subject of the verb, may be put 
sither in the nominative, or in the accusative to agree with the reflex- 

ve pronoun. Of. S. § 225. IsT. 2. c ; K. § 310. 4. a. Treptyei/eVSat 

".lie Corinthians. Portus refers 6 Kivhwos to Greece at large, but 

Bloomf. thinks that the danger to Athens is hinted at, which in the 

course of the oration is prominently brought forward. vn avrois^ 

mder tliem,^ i. e. in their power. ^vyyvcoiit] (sc. eo-n rjixlv).^ toe are 

'xeusaMe. d [irj roXficdiicv. Poppo refers fx^Ta KUKias and b6^r)s 

dfxaprla to roXpcofiei^^ and constructs and explains : d (otl) rjj 

rporepov anpayp.o(Tvvr} evavTia^bpcoixev^ (eiTrep rovro TToiovpicij) fir] jicra 
•aKias: (= Kanol oures) 86^r]s de fiaXkov d[xapTia (= dXX' on bo^r]^ rjfjidp- 
■ojxev). On the reference of el and /x?) to different words, cf. Hoog. 
xr. Particles, p. 56. lY. I prefer, however, with some of the most 
,ble of the recent commentators, to refer fierh KaKias . , , . ajxapTia to 
TTpaypoavvrj^ because the main design of this exordium was to remove 
mfavorable impressions in respect to the past conduct of the Oorcy- 
£eans, rather than to apologize for their present temerity in applying 
the Athenians for aid. fiera KaKias (— KaKia)^ with evil intention, 
d^Yis a/xaorta, ^ <*^ ^'^'^<^^ of judgment. 

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240 KOTES. [Book] 


Having finished his exordium, the orator proceeds to show that it will be for the interest o 
the Athenians to furnish aid to the Oorcyrfeans, who being the injured party, will be less 
likely to forget the favor, than those to whom they are opposed, and who besides hav( 
a powerful navy (§ 1); the Athenians are reminded, that they now enjoy the rare fortunt 
of receiving, as voluntary allies, the very power whose accession to their interests thej 
would have valued above much treasure (§ 2) ; and this alliance is rendered timely bj 
the war with the Lacedasmonians which now threatens the Athenians, a sure premoni 
tion of which was the Corinthian invasion, designed as it was to break down the Corey 
rsean power, and thus deprive the Athenians of their aid in the approaching struggh 
(§ 3) 'i wherefore these plans should be anticipated and frustrated (§ 4). 

1. r] ^vT^Tvx'ia — rrjs r]ixeTepas^ tJie occurrenGG {der zufall. Popp< 
after Bredow) of our request. Bauer very strangely connects ^ww 

Xia with Kara jroXka. Trpoyrov. . . .iTOirjaea'^e. The justice of thei. 

cause is here shghtly alhicled to, but is fully argued in chaps. 84, 35 

Its introduction served to show that the orator was by no mean: 

disposed to overlook so important a point, or to place the to crvficpopo 
before the r6 bUaLov^ although it was first discussed in the oration 
erreLra corresponds to irpcorov pev^ and therefore stands for errcira b 
(K. § 322. K. 4), introducing another reason why the request of th 

Oorcyr^ans should be granted. 8e^djxevoi, dv receimng into you 

alliance. The participle here denotes the means. See N, on I. 9. § 1 

cos au p.akL(TTa — Kara'^ela'^e = Kara'^elcr^ie av cos av fiakio-ra Kara 

SacrSe, or /caraSSijo-ea-Se cos av p^akio-ra Kara?i€lo-^e^ if the future indica 
tive be preferred as corresponding better with TroLrjcrecr^iE. Popp 
(Snppl. Adnot. p. 116) gives up the reading Kara^rjcr'^e^ which he pre 
viously had adopted and defended. Goeller well remarks, that th 
metaphor in Kara'^^lcr'^e is taken from depositing money v/ith sora 

one, from whom it may be received afterwards with interest. 

i/avTLKQu T€. A third reasiHi is here introduced why the request c 
the Oorcyrfeans should be granted, and in order to express it wit 
delicacy, it is made by the connective re a part of the precedin 

proposition. K€KTr]p.e^a is here used as a present. tvXt^p tg 

Trap vplv^ except yours. irK^larov. The article is omitted for th 

same reason, probably, that re' was employed as a connective instea 
of eireira. 

2. rls evirpa^ta cnraPuoTepa (iD/iat more rare good fortune) = ovdcfx^ 
evrrpa^ia (nravicorlpa = cwttj t] cvTvpaPla cnravioirdTri. Of. Mt. § 45* 
Ols. 2 (end). — - — Haack would mentally supply f) eK^ivrj after Xynr/p 
TC'pa^ referring forward to el -qv. , . .ahreTrdyycXTos^ which would co] 

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Ghap. xxxiii] notes. 241 

tain the explanation of the pronoun. Both he and Poppo place a 
comma after et, to connect it more plainly with avrt} irdpearLv avre- 

irdyyeXros. rjv — hvvaynv — avrr). The relative clause is frequently 

put before the proposition containing the antecedent, for the sake of 
emphasis (S. § 173). bvvayi.Lv belongs properly to avr-q {this same 
power), but is put after the relative by attraction (S. § 175. 2 ; 0. 
I 525). The design of this attraction, as well as the inversion of the 
clauses, is to give the adjectival sentences a substantival character, 
while the substantive clause deprived of its principal word, becomes 
subordinate to the adjectival sentence. — — av irpo — irifXTjcraa-^e^ would 
ham value leyond. The object of iTifxrjG-a(T^€ is rjv — bvvafxiv vfxiv 

7rpo(ry€V6(T^aL (to he added). < ■ avreirdyyeXTos^ /^^^^y, spontaneously. 

Tovs TToWovs is explained by Poppo, as referring to mankind at 

large (vulgus), but perhaps it is better to refer it to the other states of 
Greece. — — dperrjv^ reputation for virtue (evbo^ia). The sentiment 
is, that if the Athenians accepted the alliance thus voluntarily sought 
by the Corcyrseans, they would secure for themselves a high reputa- 
tion among all the states of Greece. — — ols = €K€lvols ovs^ of which 
equivalent the antecedent limits (pepova-a supplied from the preceding 

clause. a — dfjia irdvra, all wJiicli advantages togetJier (i. e. at the 

same time). — iv rw Travri XP^^^i " ^^^ omni tempore quod novi- 
7nus = ex omnia memoria, quum eV iravri xP^^^ ^^^® articulo esset 

omni tempore^ Goeller. Of. K. § 246. 5. /3. hr] strengthens 

okiyoi^, very few. — — ots = €K€lvol$ ovs, the antecedent limiting 
bcdovres, — — " daCJydXeLav refers back to larxvv, and Koo-pov to dpeTrjv. 
— — ovx rja-o-ov — 7, not less — than = as well as. 

3. Tov be TToXepov, Mit as to the tear, is properly in apposition with 

TovTov the omitted subject of eVeo-Sat. Of. Jelf's Ktihn. §581. 1. 

yva>pr]s dpapTdvcL, he errs in judgment. Bloomf. says that the meta- 
phor is taken from archery. ■ atVSai/erat tov£ A-aKebaipoviovs— 

7ro\€prj(T€LovTas (a desiderative word, S. § 143). See IST. on I. 26. § 3 
(init.). — ■ Trap' avrols, in their (i. e. the Lacedsemonian) estimation 
(K. § 297. II. 2). Of. II. 29. § 1 ; VI. 59. § 3. We find the varied 
expressions /xeS' avrov in II. 101. § 5, and iv rots irpodrois in lY. 105. 
§1. — — h Tr)v vperepav (S. §162) iinx^lp-qo-Lv. "Port, recte vertit 
ad vos invadendos.''^ Poppo. The object of the orator is to show, that 
the plan of the Oorinthians and their allies is, first to break down the 
power of the Oorcyrseans, and then to attack the Athenians, thus pre- 
venting them from an union against the encroachments of the com- 
mon enemy. This will serve to explain ha .... o-rcbpcv which follows. 
— — prjbe bvoh. . . , (BefSaLaa-aa-^iai. Various interpretations have been 
given to this passage, which for brevity's sake I must omit, and con- 

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242 NOTES. [Book I 

tent myself with giving the one which, on the whole, appears to me 
to be encompassed with the fewest difficulties. Hermann de Ellip. et 
Pleon. p. 142 explains it: rj rod (fy'^do-ai ^fxas KaKaxrai^ rj rod (T(pas 
avTovs ^€l3ai(i}(racr?Sai^ and supposes that to avoid this repetition, 
(j)^d(rai was put once in the preceding clause. This, as I conceive, 
unfolds the true sense. The construction would then he : jjLrjde dvolv 
a}.iciprcc>(ri (= that they may certainly attain to one of the two odjects)^ 
^"^da-ai {avra)^ fj KaKcixraL—fi ^^jSaLocxrao-^aL (:= rj (p'^daat KaKcocraL rj 
cj)^d(TaL /3e/3aia)(racrSat), either to 1)6 'beforehand^ in hiinibling us^ or in 
strengthening their own power. (p?idi/€ip is usually constructed with a' 

4. rjfji€T€pov 5' av epyov irporeprjo-aLy it is our httsiness tlien to anti- 
cipate them. Toav \ilv hihovroDv.^ sc. r]p.uiv referring to the Oorcy- 

rseans. TrpoemlBovKeveiv and dvTein^ovkcueiv^ Bloomf. well renders 

foreplot and counterplot. 


The orator now passes from a consideration of the advantages resulting from the pro- 
posed alliance, to a discussion of the justice of their suit, against which it is no argu- 
ment that they were colonists of the Corinthians, since their alienation has resulted 
from the ill-usage which they have received from the parent state (§ 1) ; this is tacitly 
adujitted by the Corinthians, in their declining to submit the difficulties to a judicial 
investigation (§ 2) ; the conduct of the Corinthians towards those connected to them 
by the ties of consanguinity, should admonish the Athenians of what they may expect, 
if they enter into a league with them (§ 3). 

1. Xeycoaiu refers to the Corinthian deputies. pa'^^rcoa-av^ let 

them learn from experience. Trda-xovo-a^ sc. virb rrjs prfrpoTTokecus. 

This appears from npa tyjv p-qvponoXiu which follows. eVi rw — 

ehai^ with a mew to be. eVt here denotes condition. Of. K. § 296. II. 3. 

h. dovXot and Spoloi are in the nominative after ehai^ because its 

subject is the same as the principal subject of the sentence. K. § 305. 
2 ; S. § 224. ■ toIs XetnopepoLs^ i. e. the citizens of tlie parent state. 

2. ojs de ybiKovv^ SC. ol KoptV^tot. The course of reasoning made 
use of by the speaker, may be reduced to a syllogism : The state 
which ill-treats its colonies, can make no objection, on the score of 
justice, to their putting themselves under the protection of another 
state — the Corinthians have ill-treated us — therefore they can make 
no objection, etc. The minor term of this syllogism the orator 
proves, from the virtual confession of ill-doing made by the Corinthi- 
ans, in their refusal to submit the affair to arbitration. irpoKkr]' 

^evTcs yap iT€p\ ^EirMpLvov^ is KpLGrtv. Cf. 1. 28. § 2. ' 'lct^ as op- 

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Chap. XXXV.] 



• /xereXSe 

posed to 7ro\efi<a signifies fair and peaceful measures, 
to prosecute. 

3. vfuv is the dat. commodi. — — reKfjLrjpLov^ sign^ here warning. 

wcrre denotes the result of viiiv. . . ,T€KfjLY}pLov. When the effect 

is to be represented as conceived merely, the infinitive is employed 
after coorre^ otherv^ise the indicative or optative. Of. Mt. §§531. IsT. 2; 

341. 2. 3 ; S. § 217. 3. aTrarT^, fraud^ tricTcery^ here sophistry. 

Opposed to this is ck tov cv^eos, in a straight-forward manner, op)enly. 
These last v^^ords are to be joined to deoixevois, and not to jirj virovp- 
•yeii/, in the sense of immediately, at once, as is done by some interpre- 
ters. A little reflection on the passage must convince any one, that 
the antithesis lies in aTrdrrj and e/c tov ev^ieos, and not in the infini- 
tives, which in such a case would be the mere repetition of the same 

idea varied in words only. 6 yap eXaxLcras ras fierapeXelas — 

\ap^duoav (= jjieTaixeXelrai) , for he who repents the seldomest. The 
Schol. says that this is put for 6 /xt^S' oXws (not at all) XajilBdvcov 

fi€Tayi€\€Lav. d(T(paXi(TTaTO£, sc. cop, which is sometimes omitted 

after diareXelu. K. § 311. R. 5. 


. An alliance with the Corcyrseans would be no infringement, on the part of the Athenians, 
of any treaty with the Lacedsamonians (§ 1); for states, which (like Corcyra) have 
entered into no confederation, may select whomsoever they please as allies (§ 2) ; and 
it would be unjust for the Corcyrpeans not to have the same privilege as the Corinthians, 
who were summoning auxiliaries to their aid from all parts of Greece (§§ 3, 4) ; allusion 
is again made to the advantages of the proposed aUiance, especially to the accession of 
naval power, which the Athenians would thus obtain (§ 5). 

1. \vcr€T€ (TTTovMs. Mullcr (Dorians I. p. 214) says that the de- 
fensive treaty with Oorcyra, engaged in a war with its mother country, 
vas, according to ancient Greek principles, wholly unlawful and unjust. 

2. eV avTOLs, i. e. in the thirty years' truce. Of. I. 115. § 1. 

frtff = et rts (S. § 215. N. 7), and is therefore accompanied by fMrjbapov 

nstead of oibapod. K. § 318. 3. i^elmi, Butt. (§ 150. p. 442) 

emarks that " epearL refers to the physical possibihty, it is possitle ; 
^€(TTtp, to the moral, it is lawful, one may ; ea-n stands indefinite 
letween the two, it may or can le done?^ Sometimes these meanings 

re interchanged for rlietorical purposes. Trap*. . . JX'^elp. Fully 

written it would be : eX'^elp nop' eKelvovs rrap OTVorepovs (eX'^e^p) ap 
pea-Krjrat. In respect to this article in the thirty years' truce, Miiller 
[. p. 214. N.) says that its meaning can only be : states not included 

Hosted by 


244 NOTES. [BooKi. 

in the alliance may join whichever side they please, by which means 
they come within the treaty, and the alliance guarantees their safety. 
But if a state already at war with another state, party to the treaty 
(eVo-TToi/Sos), is assisted, a war of this description is Hke one undertaken 
by the confederacy of the assisting state. 

3. Kol deivbu €1 Toldde /xeV — rjjjLas di. The construction of beivov 
is only suited to the second of these clauses, the other being thrown 
in to heighten by contrast the effect of the second. It was not el 
Tolorde .... VTr-qKocov which was detvov, but rjfjLas §e , . . . ax^eXe/as- (1. e. that 
the privilege just spoken of should not be granted to the Oorcyr^ans). 

Of. Mt. § 622. 4 ; Butt. § 149. p. 426. • drro rwv ipa-nopdcov, from the 

states confederate with them^ from their confederates. eo-rai. See 

K. on i^etmi^ § 1 supra. vTrrjKocoi/. The Schol. says that tlie Pa- 

lians of Oephallenia are meant, as they were subjects of the Atheni- 
ans. Of. I. 27. § 2. 7rpoK€LiJL€vrjs^ p7'oposed^ i. e. the one now under 

consideration. Some render it, present^ in hand. elra. The old 

commentators and editors place a period after ax^eXeias", Poppo and 
Bloomf. a colon. In either case dra • is used in the way ot reproach 
and may be rendered, and yet.^ and nevertheless. See Arnold's Gr 
Prose Oompos. p. 140. ■ ?ir](TovTai has here a transitive signification 

4. TToXu be iv liKciovi is for iv be ttoXv liKeiovL. alrla—e^ofxei 

= atrta)/i,e3a. — ov^ ottcos (==: ov)( ottcos oii) — aWa /cat, not only no 

— l)ut cDen^ is a formula by which antithetic clauses are strongly op 

posed to each other. K. § 321. 3. b ; Kr. § 67. 14. K. 3. ix^p&i 

The Oorinthians had taken it ill, that the Athenians supported the Me 
gareans in a war which arose between these two states subsequent i 

the Persian war. iinovTcdv (sc. /caS' ^/xwi/) is opposed to Kivbwei 

ovTcis in the preceding proposition. — — TrepLoyjrea-'^e. See K. on irepu 

pav^ I. 24. § 6. ■ — rjv ov diKaiov^ SC. npocrXa^elv Kopiv'^lovs. aXX' ? 

Supply StmtoV io-TL from the preceding context. KaKelpcov depenc 

on [XLo-'^ocj^opovs^ and not upon Kcokvetv^ the sense being, to prohit' 
their mercenaries from l)eing raised out of your country.^ and not ; 

prohibit your mercenaries fi^om them. /caS' o,ri {as far as) I 

7T€ia'^rjT€^ " quatenus voMs persuasum fuerit, Poterant enim modic 
poterant clanculum, non aperte, neo magnis viribus Oorcyrasis opituL 

ri." Haack. airo tov irpoipavovs^ openly. This shows that a seer 

mode of assistance was hinted at in the preceding clause, and hen* 
between dnb tov irpocfiavovs and /caS' o^tl., there is a sort of antithes' 

5. TToXXa — ra ^vpi(j)€povTa (sc. ovra. Of. K. § 310. R. 5) diTobelKv 
aev^ we show (= heme to show., can show) that the advantages are man 

See N. on beiKwiii^ I. 26. § 2. iv dpxf] of the oration, especial 

in chap. 33. ■— — - 17/xtz/, i. e. the Oorcyrseans and the Athenians. — 

Hosted by 


Chap. XXXYL] NOTES. 245 

^o-av. The tense conforms to vTreiTrofiev instead of dTrodeUwiJieu. So 
Arnold correctly explains : '•^ We say^ as we said 'before^ tliat we Tia^e 
toth the same enemies. Thucydides has expressed it a little differently ; 
we say what we said 'hefore.^ (viz.) that we had 'both the same enemiesP 
— — • oTrep {^=^id qiwd) refers to the idea contained in ol re. . . .^craz/, 
and oTTep (ra(j)€aTdTrj ttlcttls (pignus fldei) is to be regarded as a sub- 
stantival adjective sentence. Of. Jelf 's Kiihn. § 836. 2. — p,era- 

(jrdvras^ deserters (when considered in relation to the Oorcyr^ans), and 
seceders^ if the Athenians be considered as referred to. That it might 
refer to the latter as v^ell as to the former state is evident, for to with- 
dravsr from one confederacy and to pass over to another, was an avow- 
al of hostility, followed almost necessarily by war. Plaack makes 

iav to depend on ha^pepu {^vii^epei. Arnold), elicited from ovx 6p.oia 
in the preceding proposition. Goeller makes dWa stand in the place 
of /cai, and refers the infinitive back to aXka blKaiov rj in akX ^ (§ 4 
snpra). I prefer with Kiihner (Jelf's edit. § 671. 8) to supply Set or 
Xprj. In such cases, it becomes a general expression of necessity or of 
something to be done. — — el de (jltj^ but if otherwise^ i. e. if what 
has just been said is impossible. ixopayraros in respect to a navy. 


The argument in favor of the utility of the proposed alliance is continued. If the Athe- 
nians fear a rupture with theLacedtemonians, such a fear, accompanied with strength, will 
intimidate the foe more than courage or confidence, unaccompanied by so powerful an 
ally as is now offered to them (§ 1).; the argument is strengthened by a reference to the 
favorable situation of Corcyra, in respect to hindering the approach to Peloponnesus of 
any navy from Italy or Sicily (§ 2) ; in brief, if the Corcyrsean navy is not united to that 
of the Athenians, it will be seized upon by the only other naval force in Greece (viz. 
the Corinthian), and thus in the end be opposed to the Athenians (§ 3). 

1. To—dedios avTov^ his fear ; YiteYSillj^ his being afraid in respect 
;o breaking the treaty, to 8ebi6s = to hehiivai. So ro '^apaovv = 
-o ?iapo-e7v (K. § 263. a. y), and refers to such confidence of the Athe- 
lians in the observance of the treaty, and in their own resources, as 
vould lead them to reject the proffered alliance of the Oorcyrjeans, 
Lud enter single-handed into the contest which was evidently ap- 
)roaching. This would be an object of less dread to their powerful 
'.nemies {IcrxvovTas tovs ex^povj), than a fear on the part of the Athe- 
lians of breaking the treaty, overbalanced by the desire to uilite to 
heir arms so powerful an ally as the Ooroyrgean state. It must be 

Hosted by 


246 NOTES. [Bock 

borne in mind, that tlie fear here spoken of is, lest the treaty should 
be broken, and the confidence^ that it would not be broken and that 
war would not ensue.- From the second member of the antithesis {rh 
Se Sapo-ow. .. .eVdjLtez^oz^), Bloomf. would supply with to dedios avrov 
laxvv ^xov in the first member, the words de^afxevov rjfias. For the 

construction of <poj3rjo-ov with yt/corco, see E". on I. 25. § 1 (init.) ■ 

ftj) Scfa/xeVov, if he does. not receive us. fxrj is used with the participle, 
when it can be resolved into a conditional clause. K. §318. 5; S. 
§§ 225. 6 ; 229. 3. ao-Sez/e?, i. e. comparatively weak in conse- 
quence of the rejection of a powerful ally. aSeeVrepoi/, non for- 

midandum., or as Goeller translates, minus formidandum. ^ovXev- 

ofi^ms. Repeat yi/wro). orav .... iroKe^xov^ lohen in reference to an 

approacliing and almost present war. oaov ov^ all hut. rb avriKa. 

S. §169. 1. TrepcarKOTrayv^ ly surveying. 6 TroXefiovrai^ 

which is made a friend or an enemy at the onost critical time; or 
perhaps, whose friendship or enmity is of the highest moment. 

2. yap introduces the proof of what was asserted in 6 TroXe/zoO- 

rac. 'iraXias and 2iKe\tas depend on irapdnXov. Of. Jelf 's Kiihn. 

§ 502. KaXas Trapdirkov Kelrai^ is well situated in resp)eGt to the coast- 
ing along. For /caXws- constructed with the genitive, cf. K. § 274. 3. 
b; Mt. § 388; S. § 195. 1. TrapdriKov is employed, because the voyage 
to Italy was made by coasting along the shores of Greece as far as the 
promontory of lapygia, at which place they crossed over to Taros. 

•— — eKelSei/, i. e. from Italy and Sicily. t6 t€ iv^evde (sc. vavn- 

Kov) TTpos TUKc^ TTapaTTe p^yl/QL^ and to send on their course (= convoy) 
any navy sailing hence and to those counPtnes. eVSeVSe refers to 
Greece in general, although a special reference to Athens may here be 
easily understood, since that state, probably, was well known to the 
Oorcyrseans, as having an eye on those western regions as a field for 
their ambitious plans. 

3. PpaxvrdTcp S' av /<e(/>aXata), l)iot to sum up cUl in the shortest 
compass, av K€(pa\aLcp is repeated in r«S' aV, in consequence of the 

intervening clause, to2s ^'Kaarov. This dative accompanies p.d'^oLre^ 

denoting that fi^om which the thing spoken of may be learnt. Of K. 
§ 285. 3. b. rots ^vpiiraa-i k. t. X. refers to things, and not to per- 
sons : in respect to all and every particular ; " doth as to generals and 
particular s.'^'' Bloomf. This dative may be referred to K. § 284. 3 
(10) ; S. § 201. 4. opra. Tlie syntax of this participle is encom- 
passed with some difficulty, but I like best the solution of Goeller, 
who supplies (as does Poppo after him) 'la-re from the preceding 
fidSioire av (K. § 311. 2), you Jcnoto that there are. Of the other modes 
of solution, one only is worth repeating, and that is, to consider the 

Hosted by 


Chap. XXXYIL] 



conjunction de after tovtcop to be placed in tlie apodosis of the sen- 
tence, which would then give the sense : as tliere are [but] three 
names in Greece of any account^ if then of these three^ you allow two 

to Ije united together. Kai» . . .TvpoK.arakri^ovrai is epexegetical, i. e. 

it denotes the manner in which the Corcyrsaan and Corinthian fleets 
would he united, viz. by the subjugation of the Corcyrooans to the 

Corinthians. Se^a/xez/ot. See IST. on 1. 83. § 1. : e^fre — dycopl- 

(ea'^ai^ you icill de able to contend. likeiocTi^ sc. rooi/ U^koTcovvr]'' 

(TLCdv. Poppo, Goeller, and Haack edit rms rjnerepai^^ with (= by the 
accession of) our ships.^ making it depend on TrXelocn^ as ttoXXS does 
in the phrase ttoXXo) nXetoves. So Kriig. calls it the dative of differ- 
ence, although he retains with Bekker the old reading vavcrl rats vfj^e- 
TepaLs. But may not this dative be constructed with aycoi^ifeo-^at, as 
the dative of the means ? oi de rotdde^ after them the Corin- 
thians spalce as follows. 


These chapters contain the re23ly of the Corinthians to the foregoing 
speech of the Corcyrseans. After a brief exordium (chap. 37. § 1), in which 
the charges, that the Corinthians had treated the Corcyrseans unjustly, and 
were now oppressing them with an unjust war, are alluded to as topics 
which ought first to be considered, the orator proceeds to a refutation of 
these charges (chap. Z'l. § 2 to chap. 39). He then shows that it would be 
a breach of the treaty with the Peioponnesians, to assist the Corcyrajans in 
this war (chap. 40), and having urged upon the Athenians a remembrance 
of the former services of the Corinthians, in assisting them against the 
^ginetse, admonishes them that they should not be induced by motives of 
interest to commit an act of injustice (chaps. 41, 42). The speech is then 
closed with a brief peroration (chap. 48). 

The argumentative portion of this oration, is founded on considerations 
of justice and equity, rather than what will be for the policy of the party 
addressed. In tliis it differs from the oration of the Corcyrasans, the princi- 
pal object of which Avas to show, that the alliance would conduce to the 
interests of the Athenian state. It will readily be apprehended how appeals 
of this latter sort would influence an assembly like the one here addressed, 
composed of men whose whole thoughts were engrossed with the aggran- 
dizement of the state and the extension of its sway. In strong invective, 
biting sarcasm, bold and striking antitheses, vehement and passionate appeals 
to the moral sense of the audience, the oration of the Corinthians far sur- 
passes the preceding one, which is rather a specimen of calm, earnest reason- 
ing, than of the stormy wrath, which charactei'izes the one which followed. 

Hosted by 


248 NOTES. [Book 1 


After a brief exordium (§ 1), the orator proceeds to show, that it was not from any houw - 
able motive, but from their bad character and ill nature, that the Corcyrseans had formed 
no alliance (§ 2) ; for which neutrality the situation of their city was highly favorable, inas- 
much as they could be their own judges, in cases where they had done injury (§ 3) ; the 
real ground, therefore, of their standing aloof from alliances, was that they might commit 
njustice apart and alone, and escape detection (§ 4) ; had they been what they profess to 
be, in proportion to their being less amenable in consequence of their position, would have 
been their desire to interchange mutual offi(ie3 of justice and kindness with others (§ 5). 

1. Tovbe here expresses contempt, like the Latin iste. Some 

may prefer, however, to take it in the sense of ivrav^a (see IST. on 

I. 63. § 2). ■ rov \6yov == ov eTroLrjcravro Xoyov^ top avrcbv \6yov. 

Poppo. ttXX' ws KOL (= akXa Kol ivepi tovtov ©s), l)ut concerning 

this also^ liow that^ etc. ahro'i^ i. e. the Oorcyrseans. ixvrjcr^iev- 

ras, . . .6iJL(j)oT€pQ}v^ when we also have first considered (see N. on TroXe- 
uovvT€9^ I. 13. § 6) toth these points, kul^ i. e. in like manner with 

■the Oorcyrssans. ovtco koX commences the apodosis. — — uvai (of 

which T}fjLas is the subject) depends on dvayKoiov^ the words KepKypalav 

. , . . TToXcfiovPTaL being parenthetical. t6v ciXXov Xdyoy, the rest of 

our speech^ what we ham yet to say. As the refutation of the charges 
advanced by the Oorcyraaans embraces the remainder of this, together 
with the two following chapters, the ciWos \6yos refers to the subject 

matter of chap. 40. a<^' r)p,a>v^ instead of the simple genitive 

rjficov, conforms to the verbal d^lcoaLu, the words rj d(f) rjfXQiv d^icocns 

= T) rjpcbv d^icoa-LS. As opposed to XP^^'" (s^^ ^- ^^ I- ^2- § ^)^ d^lco- 
(TLs signifies a claim of right. — — da-<pa\€(rT€pov TrpoeidrJTey '''•you may 
te more certainly acquainted 'beforehand.^'' Arnold. To dacjiaXearepov 
employed adverbially, firj aXoyLcrTcog (not rashly = considerately) in 
the next proposition is opposed. 

2. <^aori, i. e. the Oorcyrseans. — Se, noic. hia to o-oo(j)pov. 

Of. K on (joit^pocTvvr], I. 32. § 4. to S' (= tovto be. K. § 247. 

3. a) — iTreTTjbevo-av^ whereas they practised this custom. — — dpcTfj, 
"Prepositio eVl ad dpeTJj ne cogitatione quidem repetatur necesse 
est." Poppo. — — /3ovXo/iei^ot, because they wished. See IST. on I. 9. 

§ 4 (end). ■ ovbk fxdpTvpa. Arnold with Dobree would read ovt€, 

and connect it with what follows, either as a witness (to their evil 
deeds), or to have the shame o/asMng his aid (to do ill). This is sub- 
stantially the interpretation of Bloomfield, Bauer, Haack, and Goeller 
in his last edition. But ovtc responds to re before ovdeva, and hence 
does not require any change in ovde. Poppo refers the shame spokeu 

Hosted by 


Chap. XXXVIL] NOTES. 249 

of, to the refusal with which the overtures of alliance, made by a 
state of such notoriously bad character, would be sui-e to be met 
with by all the other states. I like this interpretation, because a state 
so bad as Oorcyra is here represented to be, would not blush at asking 
others to be their coadjutors in wrong doing, but still might feel a 
reluctance to ask a favor, which they knew well beforehand that no 
state could honorably grant. The sense given by the Schol. is inad- 
missible, because this idea is already contained in olbe fxaprvpa ex^iv. 
Equally to be rejected is the sense given by Gottl. and Kistemm., that 
they were ashamed to ask allies, when they had acted as allies to none. 

3. avrdpKT]. This epithet is applied to a city having in itself 
every thing necessary for the support of its inhabitants. So Betant 

defines it : '^ siM suffioiens^ ])6T se zalidus?^ Of. II. 41. § 1. '^eaiv 

is to be constructed with KeLjievrj as the accusative of the cognate 

notion. • Of Jelf's Kiihn. § 556. d. napex^L ylyv^a-'^aL^ makes 

tliem. (themselves) judges of those acts in lohicli tliey injure any one^ 
rather than that judges should te appointed hy mutual agreement. 
This is in the main the interpretation of Poppo, Arnold, Goel., and 
Bloom f (in his last edition), and one which after repeated exam- 
ination I am inclined to adopt. By ^vv^^Kas^ Goel. remarks, ^'Thu- 
oydides intelligit pacta de litibus inter civitates per arbitros dirimen- 
dis." From the preceding clause, tqvs BiKaaras is to be supplied with 
yiyv€o-'^ai. Ilaack most strangely refers paWov to ttoXis — Keipevq^ 
opportunitate utMs potius^ quam pactis^ tamquam judices sunt 
eoTum^ qiLos Icedunt. But in this interpretation, he leaves out tlvcl 
(used here collectively in the sense of TLvas\ and, as Poppo remarks, 
reliquara structuram non expedit. a>u =: eKelpcdv a, of which the 
relative is constructed with ^XoTirovo-/, which has in this place two 

accusatives. Of Mt. § 415. /3 ; Butt. § 131. 5; K. § 280. 2. dth 

ro . . . . Se;(eo"3m, i. e. dm ro avrovs rJKiarra pev enl rovs TreAa? eWXeti/, 
paXiara 8e rovs ciXkovs dex^cr'^aL^ arc drj dpdyKrj cKelae KaraipovTcis. 
Steph. bia TO — bex^a^at denotes the reason of irapex^i avrovs Blku- 
crras k. t. X. Had the Oorcyrssans visited their neighbors, they would 
have received UJce for like; but remaining in their well-furnished 
and independent city, they could practise with impunity any imposi- 
tion they chose, upon such as were compelled by stress of weather 
(dpdyKT] Karaipovras)^ or for any other cause, to touch there. In this 
picture of the Corcyr^an policy and conduct, there was doubtless 
much exaggeration and false coloring. iKirkeovras^ while they sailed. 
See N. on irokepovvres^ I. 13. § 6. 

4. Kav TovTCD. . , .aornovdov — TTpo^e^X-qvrai = iv tovtco evcomv to 
£V7r/367r€ff, 6 TTpo^e^XrjvTaL (prcetexe7'e sclent. Bothe), in this consists 

Hosted by 


260 NOTES. [BooKl 

tlieir specious practice of forming no alliance^ which they pretend to. 
i. e. this is the reason why they form no alliances, to evTrperth ao-Trov- 
dou — TO lidTTovbov TO evT:p€TT€s^ " this specious^ fair-showing non-alli- 
ancey Bloomf. iv tovtco (= dia tovto) refers to akX ottcos — ddiKcoo-i^ 
Kol 0770)9 — (BLa^covTai^ irkeov excoaiv^ and dvaLo-xwTOio-L, which follow. 
Some take evn penes as sarcastically spoken in the sense of decorous^ 
excellent. — — ov-^ iW — aXX' oircas^ not that (i. e. not with the design 
that) — lut that. Goeller has a long note on the hyperhaton which 
he finds here. But it is very connnon in this formula, to place tlie 
negative clause first in order, and is evidently more emphatic. - — - 
KaTCL fjioms. See ISr. on I. 82. § 5. — — Haack says that eV <w. . . ,dvai- 
crxvvrcoarL explains the preceding clause, ottcos kutci fiovas^ and further 
remarks : eadem respondent superioribus illis : ^vfxfxaxov t€ ovbiva 

. . . .aldxyvea'^aL. ■ iv m, whe7iever. ov has also the same meaning. 

dpaiaxyvTcocn^ may pjractise their impudence either in denying the 

charge of rapine, or in admitting it, and impudently braving it out. 
The first of these is preferable, inasmuch as the whole argument Is, to 
show that the Oorcyr^eans wished their deeds of violence to remain 
concealed. Arnold paraphrases : may 'be spared their blushes.^ as there 
are none to witness them. 

5. Ka'iToi^ and yet certainly. dXrjTrTOTepoi — toIs neXas^ lite- 
rally, hard to l)e talmn by others.^ inaccessible to any attaclc — less 
amenable to others. Cf. I. 82. § 4 ; 143. § 5. For the construction of 

Tols TreXa?, cf. K. § 284. 3. (11) ; S. § 206. 4. Modai S/mm, in 

giving and receiving what is just and equitable., or, if the expression 
be taken in a forensic sense, in doing justice., and in receimng it 
willingly at the hand of others. These participles belong to decKvvvai 
as denoting the means. Of. IST. on I. 9. § 1. 


The C orcyrseans are charged with not having acted towards the Corinthians in a just aud 
becoming manner (§ 1) ; for the Corinthians, as tlieir founders, were entitled to their 
respect and obedience (§ 2) ; and that this was rendered them by their other colonic? 
was a proof both of their own moderation and the injustice of the Corcyrseans (§§3, 4) 
even if the mother country had been in the wrong, it would have been honorable for the 
colony to have submitted, but, so far from this having been the case, the colony was tho 
aggressive party (§§ 5, 6). 

1. tolol8€j i. e. such persons as are willing to reciprocate acts of 
justice. Of. I. 3V. § 5. — — 6Wt?, although they are. See IST. on I. 1. 
§ 1. d(j)€(TTda-t^ stand aloof = hawe stood aloof inasmuch as the 

Hosted by 


Chap. XXXVIU.] NOTES. 25 J 

action belongs to the past, and also extends to the present. Of. K. 

§ 255. R. 1. bia Travros^ continually^ is opposed to the idea that 

this was the first and only instance of hostility on the part of the 
Corcyraaans. - — - g)s—- e^Tre/xc^Sft^a-az^, that tliey were not sent out as 
colonists. Allusion is made to what the Oorcyrseans said in I. 34. § 1, 
the note on which passage will explain the use of eVt in eVt rw Karoos 

2. i^/xets- be ou§' avroi (fiaiiev^ hut we deny (K, § 318. R. 4). avroi 
gives to vixeIs an exclusive sense, we ourselves (S. § 160. 4. a), what- 
ever they may think or say. KaToiKicrai at great expense and 

pains. ra eiKora Sav/iafecr^at, to he looJced up to loitJi dice respect. 

ra elKora is to he taken adverbially, and refers to the honors enume- 
rated in I. 25. §§ 3, 4. Betant defines 3av/xafeti/, cultu et ohservwntia 
prosequi. Of. III. 89. § 5. 

3. yovv. See N. on I. 2. § 5. r]jxas koL /AaXto-ra, and loe espe- 
cially of the Grecian states. Miiller remarks (Dorians, I. p. 132. N. 
b), that her other colonies showed a remarkable obedience to Corinth. 

crrepyojLieSa. This verb is used primarily to denote the mutual 

love of parents and children, and hence by an easy transition, the 
afiection between a king and his people, a country and its colonies. 
Sometimes it designates conjugal affection, and is therefore a stronger 
term than ayairaai or (piXeo). 

4. rot? Tikiocriv of the colonies. av — ovk opSws' aTrapeVfcoi/xey. 

The optative with av follows el with the indicative, when a settled 
conviction is to be politely expressed with a shade of doubt. Here, the 
idea is: if we are acceptoMe to the rest of the colonies^ we cannot with 
reason he disagreeahle to them alone^ but perhaps we are not accept- 
able. Of. K. § 389. 3. a ; S. § 215. 1. ouS' iTTLcrrparevoLfxev eKirpe- 

77 cos-, nor that we would make war unreasonably. Haack very correctly 
makes eTfLcrTparevoifiev depend on oVi, which with av is to be repeated 
from the previous context. In respect to the apparent disagreement 
of €K7TpeTTa)s with firj. . , . dbiKovpevoL^ unless we had heen greatly injured.^ 
I am pleased with the citation by Arnold of the line in Shakspeare's 
Julius Oassar, which before it was altered, as it has been in the recent 
editions (because it was ridiculed by Ben Jonson), ran thus : 

" Csesar doth never wrong but with just cause ;" 

which means, that although Oo3sar does what may ^seem hard or 
wrong to an individual, yet he does it not without just cause, and 

therefore it is not really wrong. ddiKovpevoi. Herm. on Soph. 

Elect. 47, says that here is indicated a present effect of a past action. 
5. KaXov d' TJv^ it had heen hecoming = it would ham heen hecovi- 

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252 NOTES. [BcDKl 

ing^ there being an ellipsis of av (K. § 260. E. 3). — — ^l^m^ to Tiau 
'pielded^ given way to. This infinitive is properly the subject of riv. 
S. § 222. 1. — — r]iuv b€ ala-xpov. Kegiilarity of construction would 
have demanded rjfuj/ Be fir) ^Lacraa^at in dependence upon koXop b" 
fjv^ or that aXka rolo-de jxep koKop rjv should have preceded. The Se 
after rjfxiv corresponds to the previous /zeV, but is constructed as though 
fxh had been in the clause koKov b' rjv. — — • ix^rpwrr^ra^ moderation^ 
" modestiam?'' Bothe. 

6. i^ovoria ttKovtov^ the poioer of wealtJi. Some translate, license of 
wealthy i. e. the insolence of authority which wealth confers upon the 
possessor. But cf. 1. 16. § 1 ; 123. § 1 ; III. 45. § 4; YI. 31. § 4, in 
which passages the idea of power is most relevant to the sense. Both 
i^ovcria and v^pei belong to rjiiaprr^Kaori as the dative of cause. — — 
aWa in reference to the particular injury alluded to in what follows. 

■ KaKOVixevTjV. See K. on jivrjcr'^lvTas., I. 3T. § 1. ov irpoo-eTroL- 

oCiTo, "noTi conciliatant sibi beneficio." Bothe. See K. on I. 57. 

§ 4. i\^6vTcov be rjfic^v^ lut when \De went. See F. just cited. — — 

ekovre^ ^iq exovcri^ they foTcibly seized and still retain; literally, 
hamng forcibly seized it., they Iceep possession of it. 


The orator proceeds to reply to what the Corcyr£eans bad said, respecting their offer to 
submit the affair to arbitration (I, 34. § 2), by saying that this offer was wortljy of no 
attention, inasmucli as it was proffered after they had secured the advantage in negotia- 
tion of having obtained the upper hand (§ 1); the wrong done by them in respect to 
Epidamnus, was aggravated by their application to the Athenians to become in fact 
partieipators in their wrong doing (§ 2) ; which application ought to have been made 
before they had been brought into peril by their acts of injustice (§ 8), 

1. St) is here used ironically in the nense of forsooth^ the particle of 
certainty being employed in respect to that, which in the estimation of 
the Corinthians was doubtful, at least so far as related to the honesty 

of the Corcyrsean proposal referred to. biKr] — Kplvea'^ai^ to be tried 

in a legal manner.^ to submit the cause to trial. Cf. I. 28. § 5 ; 78. § 4 ; 
86. § 3 ; II. 58. § 4 ; III. 67. § 5, in all which places bUr] is used of a 
legal investigation. — — rjv ye. . , .§ei, he ought not to be considered as 
saying any thing to the purpose^ who ma'kes this offer (to submit to ar- 
bitration), at least when he has the ad'oantage and is in safety (as to flie 
result). Such is the interpretation which, on the whole, I would give 
to this most difficult passage. In this translation it will be seen that 
r^v (= dXXa Tavrrjv. Mt. § 477) is made to depend on irpoKoKovaevov 

Hosted by 


Chap. XXXIX.] NOTES 253 

(K. § 278. 4), to which also the article rot belongs. Trpovxovra and €k 
rod dcr(pakovs are to be taken with TrpoKakovfiei/ov^ and denote the 
circumstances in which the offer to ^brait to the proposed arbitra- 
tion was made (S. § 225. 2 ; K. §§ 312. 4. a ; 288. 3. g). Xiyeiv rt, to 

fipeak something of importance^ or to tlie purpose. hoKeiv has for 

its subject eKclvov contained in t6v — irpoKaXovjjL^vov (= eKelvov 6s Trpo- 
KaXeXraL. S. § 225. 1). For the construction of M, cf. S. 222. 1. ™- 
aXka, , . ,Kd!iiL(TrdvTa^ hut he (should be thought to speak to the pur- 
pose), who^ before he contends in law^ makes his actions and his loords 
equally conduce to equity. I have been much perplexed in respect to 
this sentence. If with Goeller and Portus we render es- Icrov..., 
Xoyovs^ facta 'uerMs equal ; or if with Bloomf. we make h 'io-ou de- 
note a similarity between the words and actions, then of what use is 
ofioloos'^ Where also is the antithesis, which we should expect to find 
between tliis sentence and the one which precedes it ? It appears to 
me that to Trpovxovra kcu €k rod da(j)aXovs^ which denotes the unequal 
condition of the parties, es to-ov is antithetic, and denotes an equality 
in position as well as in words, which ought to subsist between them. 
The words of the Oorcyrsaans were fair and equitable, but their 
actions in laying siege to Epidamnus, and in provoking a war with the 
Ooriuthians, made all their professions of desire for amicable settle- 
ment nugatory, inasmuch as the parties were placed in very unequal 
positions. With this view I find that Poppo harmonizes, in his ap- 
probatory citation of Oasa's interpretation : qui factis pariter atque 
oratione cequitatem retinet. So also Haack : facta non minus quam 
mrha ita tamquam in integrum dediicere, tit nil commodi prm altera 
habeas. Poppo renders Tvph Staycovtfeo-Sat (S. § 223. § 3), pjriusquam 
helium gerere incipiat^ in order that it may harmonize with ov irplv 
TToXLopKelv which follows. But these words last quoted, contain the 
application of the general principle, laid down in the foregoing words, 
to the conduct of the Corcyreeans in the present affair. As tbat gen- 
eral proposition has reference to judicial proceedings, and as biayixivi- 
feo-Sat corresponds to irpoKaXovfievov in the previous clause, I prefer 
with the Schol. and Betant, to take this verb in a forensic sense, he- 
fore they come to trial^ or contend in a suit at law. 

2. ro x«pioi/, i. e. Epidamnus. — Trepioxjreo-^ai. See 'N. on I. 35. 

I 4. — — T^ ev7rp€7T€s. See IST. on I. 37. § 4. Trapeaxovro. Goeller 

says: irapex'^cr'^aL est verhis^ irapexeiu re offerre. — ov raKcl povov 
avroL^ i. e. povou avrol raKel. It will readily be seen that avrol and 
vpds are opposed to each other. - — - d^iovpres depends on rJKovcrtv., 

they ha'de come to ash. S. § 225. 5. ^vmSi/celz/, to assist them in 

doing wrong., to he their coadjutors in wickedness. Fotice the allitera- 

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254. NOTES. [Book I 

tion in this word and ^vfjLixaxelv. — — dLa<j)6povs ovras rjfuv^ hecause 
(see IsT. on I. 9. § 4 end) they are our enemies. I see not how Poppo 
can make bia^opovs ovras equivalent to <oorre vfids dLa(j)6povs eluai. 
Reference is evidently had to what was said by the Corcyrseans (I. 33. 
§ 3), that the Corinthians were hostile to the Athenians, and therefore 
the proposed alliance should be accepted, in order that the encroach- 
ments of the common enemy might be the better resisted. The argu- 
ment of the Oorcyrfsans stands thus : the Corinthians are enemies of 
the Athenians ; the Oorcyrseans are hostile to the Corinthians, and 
should therefore be received into alliance by the Athenians, in view 
of the inevitably approaching war with Corinth. 

3. ovs is the subject of irpoauvai. — ore dcr(paXe(TraToi rjcrai/. 

At first sight, the sentiment here seems to conflict with that expressed 

in ^v ye Set (§1 supra). But no disagreement v/hatever exists, 

for here the argument is against the deferment, on the part of the 
Corcyrgeans, to ask aid of the Athenians to the time when they were 
threatened with the perils of war (ovrot de KLvhwevova-i) ; but there, 
against the procrastination of their ofi^er to submit to arbitration, until 
they had secured a vantage ground, which would prejudice the suit in 
their favor. Bothe prefers, instead of d(T(paX€(TTaTot^ the comparative 
d(r<j)a\earepoi with the sense of the positive (Mt. § 457), as correspond- 
ing better with o^rot Kiv^wevovdi to which it is opposed. Trpoo-- 

ilvat to you for aid. iv w, wlien. rr]s re. . . . peraXa^ovres^ 

who did not then (i. e. ore da-cpakeararoi rja-av) share their poioer. For 
the participial construction, see IsT. on oVres-, I. 8. § 1. Reference is 
had here, as the Schol. remarks, to the war with the Samians (cf. I. 
115. 116), and ^ginetee (I. 105), when the Athenians stood greatly in 
need of assistance, and to have shared the Corcyr^ean power would 

have been of eminent advantage to them. ■ peraXa^opres — ^emSco- 

a€Te. See IsT. on ^yppax^lv and ^wabiKelv (§ 2 supra). — — rc^v apap- 
rripdT(x>v diroyevopevoi (= yevopevoi tnvh tcov apaprr]pdTcov), although 
disconnected with (literally, far aicay from, K. § 288. 1. (1) b) their 

faults. In respect to the participle, see IST. on 6Vre?, I. 7. § 1, 

nlTias TO icTOP, an equal degree of Maine. S. § 188. 1. Koivcoaav 

ra^.^ ty having shared. See N. on 1. 9. § 1 (init.). kolvci ^x^^^i 

they should share the consequences = the results should Ite common to 
both parties, ovs XPW is to be repeated before ^x^iv., inasmuch as this 
is a condensed and emphatic repetition of what has just before been 
said. Haack and Bothe refer the whole clause to the Athenians, 
which would give the sense : the results (of their crimes) you should 
share in common with them.^ hy having long ago participated also in 
their power. But this transition is unnecessary, since by referring it 

Hosted by 


Chap. XL.] NOTES. 256 

to the Ooroyrasf^nsk, th^ same idea is readied, viz. that in order to in- 
volve the Ath^w-^ns in the consequences of the prosperity of the Oor- 
cyr^eans, it "w^ prober that they should have also shared in the pros- 
perity itself. Besides I know of no instance, v^here kolvoco in the 
active signifies to particApate in^ this sense being confined to the mid- 
dle which then frequently takes the genitive. 


^^ftving thus disposed jf the arguments of the Corcyroeans, the orator proceeds to show, 
that they cannot be received with justice into the alliance of the Athenians (§ 1); for 
what is said in the treaty, that neutral states may join whichsoever party in the confed- 
eracy they please, has no application to the present case, an alliance with one party be- 
ing here sought to the injury of the other (§§ 2, 3) ; they should, therefore, either stand 
aloof from both the Corcyi'taans and Corinthians, or unite with the latter to Avhom they 
were friends by treaty (§ 4) ; to this course they should be incited by the example of 
non-interference set by the Corinthians, when the Athenians were putting down the 
Samian rebellion (§ 5) ; a contrary example now furnished by the Athenians, would in 
the end prove highly prejudicial to their own interests (§ 6). 

1. fiera 7Tpocrr]K6prcov iyKkr^fjidrcov^ with Jit charges^ i. e. with accn- 
B^itions weighty and well substantiated. — — epxofJ-^'^a^ '^^ have come. 
The present of this verb has the sense of the perfect after the analogy 

of rJKeiv. Of. Mt. § 504. 2. ' otSe, i. e. the Oorcyrseans, hebl]' 

XcoraL is to be constructed with o)?, thus it has teen shoion, 

2. (OS is a conjunction, and serves to introduce the substantival 

sentence, ovk 5/xoio-Se, the object of ftaSeli/ (K. § 329. 1). au 

— Sexoio-Se. With the optative av is used, when the affirmation is to 
be considered as a conjecture, supposition, or undetermined possibility 
(K. § 329. 5 ; S. § 215. 1). The optative here follows a principal tense 
(xph)i because it is conditioned by a protasis to be mentally supplied : 
you could not justly receive them (if you wished to do it). Of. K. 
§ 327. R. 1. — — fi ydp^ for though. - — - Iv tols airoudms^ i. e. in the 
thirty years' truce. — — Trap Sirorepovs follows iX'^elv^ and precedes 
in construction rls- — ^ovXerai. Of. I. 35. § 2. dypdcpcou^ not regis- 
tered or recorded as parties to the treaty. Such cities were also styled 
aa-TTovboi or eKdirov^oi^ by which was meant, that they belonged to the 
confederacy neither of the Athenians nor the Lacedemonians, and 
were therefore neutral. Those who were parties to the confederacy 
were styled eVo-TrovSot, which differed from o-v/x/xaxot in this respect, 
viz. the Corinthians were crvjj,p,axoL or allies of the Lacedasmoniana, 

Hosted by 


256 KOTES. [Book! 

but were evomovbot of the Athenians. These words, however, are 
sometimes interchanged, as in I. 81. § 2, or rather tvcnrov^oL^ being the 
most comprehensive term, is used for the lesser and more special one. 

in\ ISXajSj] irepcov^ to the injury of others^ not in alteriiis 2^(^'f'ti8 

fraudem^ as some interpret it. eVriV, extended^ had reference to, 

ov belongs to this verb. oorns = €t rts", and therefore takes ^ir] 

instead of ov. Of. Jelf's Klihn. § 743. 2. — — - aWov avrbv dTrocrrepfcvy 
withdrawing himself from another^ or perhaps liQYQ^throwing off alle- 
giance to another. So Bauer (cited by Poppo) understands it. avrov 
is here to be considered as the accusative of the thing (K, § 280. R. 3. 

d). The more usual construction would have been aXkop avrov. 

el o-(o(j)pojJova-L. I concur with Bloomf. and Arnold, that this paren- 
thesis can be rendered intelligible, only by supposing an omitted 
clause : (and who will not admit them) if they are loise ; or if refer- 
ence is had to TroXe^iov dvr elp-qvij?^ instead of rot? Se^a/xeyot?, (and 
war will not be thus brought) if they ai^e wise. Goeller opposes el 
(Tco(ppopova-L to jjiT} 7reC^6p.evoL 7]piv {unless you are 'persuaded hy us. 
S. § 225. 6), thus making it izi: el irel'^ovTai r}iMv^ and remarks that it 
ought to have been el di /x?) acocfypomvcn (sive et 8e /x?) Tret^ovraL ri}XLv), 
But it is a general principle which is here laid down, and therefore 
cannot be referred directly to the persons addressed. Poppo vv^ould 
supply ol he^djievoL as the subject: if those loho receive tliem (S. § 225. 
5) act with forhearajnce OAid moderation. This interpretation, which 
is adopted also by Hier. Miiller, is worthy of consideration, inasmuch 
as it makes the rectitude and pacific nature of the transaction, to de- 
pend upon both the parties to the alliance. — — o, i. e. to TroKep.ov 
dvTi elprjPTjs vplv 7roir}?irjvaL^ which is easily suggested to the mind by 
the previous context. 

3. yap conflrmaoitis^ i. e. it serves to introduce a confirmation of 

what has just been said. ^lovov^ i. e. this alliance with the Oorcy- 

raeans will not be the only feature in the transaction. Tliis appears 
from the following oKKa. . . .TroXe'/ztoi. The juxtaposition of ipaTroubcov 
and TToXeixLOL imparts great energy and vivacity to the expression. ~- — 

Supply rjiMV with dudyKT}^ or j^f-a? with diivveor'^ai. el 'ire per 

avTCdv^ i. e. if you side with them. — ~ pr) avev vpcop z=^'with you^ only 
a little softer. tovtovs is the object of dpvveo-'^at. 

4. biKaioi y eorre — arrival :=^biKai6v y lari vp^ds arrjpai. The Greeks 
were fond of changing the impersonal to the personal construction, 
the object being elevated into a subject, and the proposition made 
more compact thereby. Of. K. §§ 307. Pw. 6 ; 810. 4. Pv. 3 ; Mt. § 297 ; 

S. § 225. 7. eK TTodcbp {awa^y from the feet.^ out of the icay) is 

isually followed by the genitive, but here takes dj^LcporepoLs as the 

Hosted by 


Chap. XL.] NOTES. 257 

Dat. incommodi. Of. Jelf s Kiilin. § 601. 2. et 5e jxr) (see IST. on 

I. 35. § 5), i. e. if you determine to side with one of the parties. 

Tovvanov to what the Oorcyrseans ask. — — Uvai. Eepeat here bLKaiol 
y io-re from the preceding context, and also with Ka'^io-ravaL infra,. 

di avaKcdxns^ (^i truce. The genitive with hia is called by Kiih- 

ner (§ 291. 1. 3. b) the possessive genitive, e. g. bia <f>6^uv eluai^ to he 

in fear = to have fear ; St' ex^pas yiyvea'^aL rivi^ to he hostile to some 

ne —- to have hostility, etc. Sm gives intensity, as if one were pass- 

ng tlirougli the idea represented by the substantive. ■ /cat rbv voijlov 

K. T. X. is to be connected with ZeVat, the words Kopiv'^iois iyevea^ie 

being parenthetical, vo/jlov takes the article, because (oo-re dex^- 

a^ai referring to it follows, the rule that you should recewe =: the rule 
of receiving. Bloomf. calls this the anticipative use of the article. 

5. ^afXLcov dTTocrrdvTcov^ lohen the Samians rewlted (S, § 226). See 
N". on I. 39. § 3. An account of this revolt is given in I. 115-117. 
- — ^- rchv. . . .i\j/r}(pLa-fX€vcdv^ when the rest of the Felojponnesians were 
divided in their votes. In respect to this deliberation of the Pelopon- 
nesians, nothing is said elsewhere, except that an allusion is again 
made to it in the following chapter. The Samians doubtless applied 
to the Peloponnesians for assistance, which, as Kriig. (ad Dionys. p. 
828) remarks, the Corinthians were unwilling to grant, from their in- 
veterate enmity to the Samians. Of. Herodot. III. 48. — — el xph-i 
whether it would he proper z= whether they should. S. § 153. a. In 
indirect interrogative sentences, the indicative is generally used, when 
the question has the same verbal form in which it was originally 
stated. — — dvT€L7Toii€v == '"''we said no^ maintaining that^ etc." Bloomf. 
— — - rovs . . . . KoXttfetz/, each one should punish his own allies. "In 
TLva proprie notio nostri man inesse, avrbv autem per se solum videtur 
valere." Poppo. 

6. yap =z de. Schol. A second reason is now introduced for what 
is said in rov vofiov, . . odex^cr'^aL (§ 4 supra). — — - bexop^euoL, hy receiv- 
ing. See N. on I. 9. § 1. cj^avelrm Trpoareio-i^ it will he found 

that equally as many (literally, not less) of yours (i. e. deserters from 
you) will come over to us. Haack refers a to x^P*-^^- Ooeller, how- 
ever, puts it for ot, which seems preferable : wh^at of yours shall cone 
o^)er^ i. e. whatever deserters.^ i<j)' vyXv = /caS' vficov. 

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258 I^OTES. [BookL 


The justice of the proposed alliance of the Corcyrseans having been considered, the orator 
goes on to offer some advice, and to make a claim of favor, which in reversed orde/ 
form the topics of this and the following chapter. lie asks that the Athenians should 
remember the favor, wliich they had received at tlie hands of the Corinthians, and re- 
turn like for like (§ 1) ; for in the Avar with the iEginetse they had assisted the Atheni- 
ans, and had prevailed on the Peloponnesians to render no assistance to the Samians 
(§ 2) ; the critical time in which these favors were granted enhanced their value, for in 
exigencies like those, assistance granted by an enemy even, were sufficient to entitle him 
to be received as a frieiid (§ 3). 

1. StKatco/Aara, legal claims^ grounds of right. rciSe, i. e. such 

as have been descanted upon in the foregoing chapter. — — irapaivecnv 
and d^Lcoo-Lv depend on excoftei^, to be siipphed from the preceding sen- 
tence. ovK iTTLxprjcr'^^h since W6 are not enemiei< to injure you 

(S, § 223. 1), nor on the otlier hand friends to ha'ce much interchange 
of good offices^ q. d. we think that our request should be granted, for 
we are not enemies that you should refuse us, nor yet are we on such 
terms of friendship, as to abuse (entxprja'^^h <^^&^'^^- Betant) the favor, 
by seeking to have such an interchange of kindnesses as shall be bur- 
densome to you. We simply ask, therefore, that, in remembrance ot 
our former kindness in the ^ginetan and Samian war, you shall 
reject the suit of the Oorcyrssans. Goel. thinks that reference is had 
t/O the remark of the Oorcyr^an orator, deoixevois re (Corinthiis) €k 
Tov et'Seoff pr) virovpyelv (I. 34. § 3). Bloomf. makes the last clause 
concessive: although loe are not friends to much (eVt-) l)enefit you, 
— — (papeu^ we thinlc. 

2. v^av — paKpcov^ ships of war ; literally, long ships,^ in distinction 
from the round merchant-ships {p-rpoyyvka TrXola) adapted to carry 

freight rather than to quick sailing. (nravla-avres^ when (see IST. 

on I, 13, § 6) you loere in want of agrees with the omitted subject of 

i\d(36r€. Trpos tov Atyivijrcbv — iroXepov. The immediate cause of 

this war was the refusal of the JEginetse to restore, at the demand of 
the Athenians, two statues of the olive-tree wood, which they had 

stolen from the Epidamnians. Of. Herodot. Y. 85. vnep^ before^ 

earlier than ; literally, beyond. — — y] is 'Saplovs^ and that (service) 

in respect to the Sarrdans. With this, to (Bo-q^rjcraL which follows, 

is in epexegetical a])position (see IST. on I. 32. § 4). di rjpas^ i. e. 

through our influence. avTols refers to the Samians. iiriKpaTricnv.^ 


3. ev Kaipols TOLovTOLs^ in such a critical tune, ol Kaipol is tilmost 
always employed in a bad sense, in times of imminent peril (= gra- 

Hosted by 


Chap. XLII.] I^OTES. 259 

vissima tempore. Cicero). tS)u Trdvrcov, . . .ulkclp^ are rega'tdless of 

e'Dery thing in com^jarison with (wapd. See IST. on I. 23. § 3) mctory^ 
i. e, neglecting every thing else through desire of victory, direpio- 
TTTOL^ not loohing round cihout r=. careless of every thing 'r'oimd about. 

Some render Trapa, on account of (p'Ckou is the second, and top 

VTTOvpyovvTa {■=. eKelvov b virovpyeT) the first accusative after {jyovvrai. 

S. § 185. 7ToX€[.uov. Repeat rjyovvTai. fjv /cm.,..(«z/, even 

though he chance to have teen (S. § 225. 8) a friend. eVet, since^ 

introduces a sentence climacteric to rSdv nduTcov, , . .viKai/^ and con- 
firmatory of the declaration just made, that no former acts of friend- 
ship would outweigh actual opposition, in a crisis like the one here 

referred to. ^a/, eve7i. ra olKela x^'^p^'^ rbevrai^ they suffer 

their own affairs to go to ruin; " they mismanage their own affair sP 

Arnold. The position of Tr]^ avrUa gives great emphasis to the 

sentiment. Indeed the language of the whole chapter is compressed 
to the very highest degree, and the most forcible expressions are 
selected, as the medium of the vehement appeals made against the 
Oorcyrseans. Every word has its proper place, and not a useless 
epithet breaks the force, with which the passions are aroused and the 
judgment hurried on to the contemplated decision. 


This chapter is mainly taken up with the item of advice, which was announced in the 
preceding chapter. No one should think that acts which are. just, conflict with those 
that are useful (§ 1) ; for unjust acts are never promotive of advantage, and the war 
alluded to (I. 83. § 8) is too uncertain, to be made the basis of a not doubtful enmity with 
the Corinthians, and moreover the ill-feeling, to which the Megarean war had given birth, 
ought for prudential reasons to be allayed (§ 2); a favorable opportunity to do this now 
presented itself (§ 8) ; as to the accession of naval strength, which the Oorcyr^ans had 
offered, not to inflict wrong upon equals was a far surer road to power, than any advan- 
tage which ambition mlglit prompt to secure (§ 4). 

1. ^v iv'^vixr]'^lvT€s (cf. Mt. § 349 ; S. § 193). d^iovTO), which 

should properly have been constructed with iv'^vpLrpivrcs^ is taken 
with i/ewrepo? ns {= et, rig ia-rX v€OL>Tepos) included in iv'^vpr]'^€VT€s^ 
it being the last subject before the verb (K. § 242. E. 1. b). Emphasis 

is also imparted to uemrepos ns by this construction. dpvv^cr'^ai^ 

to reqidte^ a sense which is easily derived from the more usual signifi- 
cation of the middle, to loard off.^ to defend one''s self which is often 
done by returning the blows, i. e. giving like for like. Cf. II. 67. § 4 ; 
lY. 63. § 2. bUaia is the subject of Aeyeo-3ai, that these just thinga 

Hosted by 


260 NOTES. [Book! 

are said = that these things which are said are just. — - TroXe/xjJo-ei 
(against the Lacedsemonians) is for TroXefji-qo-eTe^ reference in tlie 
number being still had to vecarepos nr, altliougli all tlie auditors are 
referred to. In respect to the use of tlie indicative with et, it shows 
that the speaker had a strong conviction of the reality of the thing 

spoken of, although he does not express it as an actual fact. 

bUaia .... Xeyeo-Ssat, that these things toJiioh ice ha/oe sipoken are just ; 
literally, that these things are spoTcen just. bUaia is in the predicate. 

See F. on I. 124. § 2. — — aWa is opposed to rabc Xeyecr'^ai^ as ^vfx- 
(popa is to biKaia. 

2. ekdxio-ra afxapravr} by litotes for does that ichich is the most just. 
The idea is that nothing is useful which is not just and honorable.^ a 

noble sentiment, v^hich ought to be engraven on every uiind. to 

jjiiWov rov TToXcfxov^ •■' the eventual occurrence of the war^ i. e. whether 
there will be a war or not." Bloomf. Thucydides abounds in the use 
of the neuter participle for the corresponding abstract noun. Of. S. 
§ 158. 2. Reference is had in to jjieXkop tov irok^iiov^ to the intimation 
of an approaching war, thrown out in the speech of the Oorcyrsoans, 

I. 86. §1. — — « KeXevovaiu^ toith which terrifying you (==: by the 

fear of which) the Gorcyrceans Md you. a<liavel is opposed to 

(pavepav which follows. ovk a^iov (sc. eVr/), is not toorthy^ is not 

of sufficient weight = ought not. inap^ievTas (1 aor. pass. part, of 

irraLpco^ to rouse up^ to excite) belongs to vp,a9^ the omitted subject of 
KTTjo-ao-'^ai. — avTM^ i. e. by the terror of the war which the Oorcy- 
rseans predicted (cf. to fxiXkov tov TroXe/xov supra). — — ov fxeWovaav., 

'-'-non cunctantem.^ i.e. prcBsentem.'^^ Haack. (pavepav p,€Wovaav^ 

Poppo says, responds in a manner to tov p^eWopTa TroXe/xoy (against 

the Lacedeemonians), which was uttered by the orator of the opposite 

side (I. -36. § 1). vTroyj/las — {ic^eXeTv, to talce aioay something of the 

suspicion (S. § 191. 1). vnoyfrias is here employed euphemistically for 
the hatred^ enmity^ which the Corinthians had conceived against the 
Athenians. Of. I. 103. - — — orcocjypov, sc. eVri. 

3. 57 — TeXevTaia X^P^^ ^^ ^^ ^® referred to ^v — dvTLdo^irjvai — iv tS 
irapovTi (pap^eu XPI^^^ 0- ^^' § ^)i ^^^ the suit of the Oorcyrseans 
should be rejected. If the Oorinthians were gratified in this, it would 
do much towards lessening the ill-will, to which the Megarean affair 
had given rise. The idea, however, is couched here under a general 
sentiment, that a present favor will efface the remembrance of a far 
greater ground of complaint. 

4. p7]h^ oTi. . , . e^eX/ceo-Se. Of. I. 35. § 5 ; 86. § 3. e(f)e\KeLv^ " tra- 
here post se. Pass, allici.'''' Betant. — — ixvpcoTepa^ firmer^ Oetter 
eataUished. Cf. I. 32. § 2 ; III. 12. § 1 ; 88. § 2. t« avrUa ^avcp^^ 

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Chap. XLIIL] NOTES. £61 

i. e. TTJ bvvajji€L r5>v KepKvpaiav. The word avrUa (= quod est prce- 
sens) is opposed to to /xeXXov (§ 2 supra), Cf. Steph. Notes on tlie 
Schol. This critic remarks : " tS amiKa (pavepS tacite opponi ttjv e/c 
2jeo)i/ ^oipetav qu8a est kpvtttt) kol d<f>avr)s. Quasi videlicet, dicentes 
bia Kivdvpcov^ iUud innuerent." — — €7rap?ieuTas^ sc. rtz/as-, as the senti- 
ment is general. — — dia Kivbvvwv belongs to ro likeov €X€lv (= ttXcov- 
cKreti/), which is opposed to the preceding ro fir) ddiKelv tovs ofxoiovs 
= TO fxeTpLov Ka\ 'Icrov eluai. 


The peroration now follows, in wliich the orator, alluding to the friendly vote of the 
Corinthians in the Peloponnesian council, again asks that his state shall receive a suitable 
return for that act of friendship (§§ 1, 2); and exhorts them not to grant the Corcyrseans 
their suit (§ 3) ; for thus they would consult both their duty and interest (§ 4). 

1. TrepiTreTTTcoKOTes oh (= iKelvois a), having fallen into these cir- 
momstances. The relative o in the equivalent may be rendered, in 
reference to which^ and is to be taken with Trpo^iirofieu. In respect to 
the transaction alluded to in the words, eV rfj AaKedalfiom avTol rrpoei- 

7rofji€Vj cf. I. 40. § 5. QXpeXrj'^epTas — ^Xdyp-ai. The subject is here 

changed to the Athenians, as Ko/j,/fe(r3at refers to the Corinthians. — — • 
TTJ vfjLETepa. Repeat -^rjcj^cp. 

2. yv6vT€s — eimt. See IST. on I. 25. § 1. Construct iK^lvov with 

Tov Kaipov. — — iv <a . . . . e;)(Spoy. Cf. (ptXou re yap, . . ^cpiXos &v^ I. 
41. § 3. 

3. Sex^o"^^- Thiersch. (§ 295. 10) defends the reading Sex?j(rSe. 
But cf. Poppo's Proleg. I. p. 139. — — /3/a jy/xwi/, against our loill^ in 
defiance of us. — — iir]T€ dpvvere avrois^ nor hring aid to them (of. I. 
40. § 5; 50. § 5; 105. 3, et sa3pe al.). The dative after this verb is 
the dat. commodi. 

4. TToiovvres^ see F. on I. 9. § 1 (init.). •— - vjmv avToXs, for your- 
sehes, Dat. commodi. 


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262 IfOTES. [Book I. 


In these chapters we are informed, how the Athenians became embroiled 
in the war between the Corinthians and Corcyrseans, and the part which 
they took in it. The style is much the same as that of the orations, but 
less compressed and irregular. Although the narrative portions are charac- 
terized by great brevity, yet the prominent events are selected and arranged 
with such judgment, and related with such perspicuity, that a reasonable 
amount of study will lead to a clear understanding of almost every histo- 
rical detail. No author furnishes so fine a model of a clear and vigorous 
style as does Thucydides, and hence his writings should be read with a 
continual reference to this trait of excellence. 


The Athenians at first are incliaed to favor the suit of the Corinthians, but having exiendcd 
their deliberations to a second meeting, resolve to make a defensive league with the 
Coreyroeans (§ 1), in order to prevent the junction of the Corcyrfean and Corinthiau 
navies, and to weaken the power of the latter, before the commencement of the struggle 
with the Peloponnesians, which now seemed inevitable (§ 2) ; another reason for the 
league, was the commanding position of the island of Corcyra (§ 3). 

1. KOL bis. This shows that a previous deliberation had taken 

place (of. TJj ix^v TTporepa). ovx rju-crov (= paWov by litotes), 7lot 

less than they were on the second thought inclined to the side of 

the Corcyrseans. -aTreSegaz/ro, appwced^ not so decidedly, however, 

but that they came together the second time for deliberation. 

fjL^reyvoia-av is here Used in a pregnant sense =::: ^ereypo^crau koI eyvco- 
(lav^ they changed their mind and determined. K. § 346. 3. This 
species of brachylogy is quite common among the Greek writers. 
Of. Plat. Gorg. p. 493. ; Xen. Oyr. I. 1. § 8, et al. — - ^vi.iiiaxlav. 
This term, Bauer observes, denotes properly a defensive alliance^ in 
opposition to e7rt/xa;5(ta, an offensive alliance-. But in use, the former 
came to denote the genus, embracing leagues and treaties of every 
sort both for offence and defence ; the latter, tlie species or form 
{z=z eVi/3o7y3eia), the condition of which w^as that succors should be 
granted against an invading enemy, but not so as to involve the state, 
thus rendering aid, with the invaders. Here then ^vfXfiaxLa is an 

Hosted by 


Chap XLY.] NOTES. 263 

alliance offensive and defensive^ and imfxaxLa (infra) is a defensive 

alliance. axrve .... vojil^eiv explains ^vjxixa^iav jxev jir) TrotT^crao-Sat. 

Tovs avrovs (sc. avrols)^ the same with them^ or the same as they 

have. S. § 202. N". 1. el yap introduces the reason, why the 

Athenians came to this determination. crcjiLo-Lv is made by Mt. 

(§ 382. 1) to depend upon iKeXevov^ and to refer to the Athenians. 
But Poppo and GoeL contend that eKeXevov acjyLo-iv for eKeXevov crcpas 
h not Thucydidean. As a^roTs-, referring to the Athenians, follows 
immediately in the next clause, they make o-^/o-ii/ (= avrols) to de- 
pend on ^vfXTrXeli/ and refer to the Oorcyrseans. This interpretation, 
which seems on the whole to be preferable, and which Kriiger adopts, 
implies an omitted subject of ^vinxXelv referring to the Athenians. 
Of. Jelf 's Kiihn. § 589. 3. Ols. 3. rrj, sc. yr^. Of. Mt. § 282. 2. 

2. Ka\ ft)s, even thllS^ i. e. kcli €av jirj Sef covrat rovs KepKvpaiovs. 

TTpoea'^aL = TrpohovvaL. rocrovrov., i. e. SO great. ^vyicpovecv 

.... dXXrjXoi^., l?ut as much as ^^osslMe to icear them out one against 

the other. KopivSj/ots belongs to is TroXepLov /caSto-rcoFrat, might 

put themselves in a position for war with the Corinthians (dat. 
incommodi). — — aXXois^ i. e. the Peloponnesians. Poppo with Bek- 
ker prefers rots ciXXois ro7s. The article can hardly be dispensed 
with, and I am inclined to the suggestion of Bloomf , that the text 
may be emended by the transposition dXXoLs roU. 

3. dpca Se, and together with this =: and moreover. These particles 
serve to introduce an additional inducement, for the course which the 

Athenians concluded to adopt. iv TrapdnXcp, Of. I. 36. § 2, where 

it is written napdirXov. 


An alliance being thus formed with the Corcyrseans, the Athenians send ten ships to their 
aid (§ 1) ; charging them, however, to assist the Corcyrgeans only when acting on the 
defensive (§ 2) ; they arrive at Corcyra (§ 3). 

1. yvcopiri is the dative denoting circumstance. — — vcrrepop the 

departure of the Oorinthians. d^Ka pads. The ,smallness of this 

force is attributed by Plutarch, to a design to show contempt for the 
Oorinthians, but Bloomf. more naturally attributes it to the fact, that 
Pericles did not enter heartily into the cause. 

2. es. , . ,x(^pi<^v '^'^' (^^"^W of tlie places belonging to tliem. The arti- 

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264 NOTES. [Book L 

cle belongs to x<^p'^<^V' Of. Mt. § 279. Ohs. 4. The Soliol. tMnks that 
Epidamnus is referred to. 

3. ouro), i. e. if the Corinthians invaded Oorcyra or any of its 

dependencies. Kara bvva}xiv^ according to their power = as far as 

their power would admit. rov o-ttovMs^ in order that they 

might mi IreaTc the treats/. K. § 308. 2. b ; S. § 222. 2. The infini- 
tive with the article is often found without evcKa. — — /xez/ St}, so then. 
This took place, a. o. 432. Olymp. 87. 1. 


The Corinthians and their allies sail against Corcyra with 150 ships under Xenoclides and 
others (§§ 1, 2) ; they came to anchor at the Chimerium of Thesprotia (§ 3) ; the geo- 
graphical situation of Ephyra, the Acherusian lake, and the river Thyanais is described 
(§ 4); the Corinthians encamp (§ 5). 

1. be in od be refers to /xeV in the beginning of the preceding chap- 
ter. avTOLs 7rap€(TK€vaorTo. '' The verb which should be referred 

to a subject is changed into the passive, and is used impersonally with 
the dative of the subject." Mt. § 227. OJ)s. 2 ; S. § 208. IST. 2. — - 
^crav be ^HXelcov k. t. X. In this list of auxiliaries it will be seen, that 
the Epidamnians, Herraionians, and Trcezehians, who in a former 
expedition (I. 27. § 2) contributed eight ships, now appear to have 
sent none. Bloomf. thinks that their ships are here included in the 
number of the Corinthian ships. The Megareans, Eleans, and Ambra- 
ciots increased upon their former number. 

2. TrefjLTTTos avTos = he being general withfotcr colleagues; literally, 
himself the fifth. See K. § 303. R. 4 ; Crosby, §511.5. Cf. II. 13. § 1. 

3. TTpoaefxi^av^ ari'ived at. Cf. Liddell and Scott. — — dno Aev- 
Kabos TrXeovres is to be construed before Trpotrefxi^av. — opfxi^ouTai^ 
anchored^ came to anchor. 

4. vrrep avrov^ above it in respect to situation, -— — - utto, removed 
from. — — ^E<j)vpr]. Cf. Odyss. 1. 159.. Geo-Trpcoribos is added, because 
there were other cities of the same name, especially one in Corinth. 
- — — Trap* avTtjv^ along by it (i. e. Ephyra). — — ^Ax^povcrla XlfivT]. Cf. 
JEn. 6. 107. — — - €s avTTjp^ i. e. the lake. ~ — - d(^' ov., from which river. 

ex^i refers to X'ljxvr). — — Keo-Tplvrjv^ Gestrine^ is considered by 

Col. Leake (North. Greece, IV. p. 73) to be the same with the present 

district of Filiates. hv eVroy, between tohich. Reference is had to 

the rivers Acheron and Thyamis, and not to Thesprotia and Cestrine. 

Hosted by 



Haack, therefore, very pro}3erly puts a colon after Kearpivrjv. ■ 

uKpa — TO Xet^epiov, This seems to be distinguished from the port of 
Chimerium, which was probably near it. Leake thinks that the pro- 
montory of Ohimerium is the same as the modern Gape Varlam, 
This whole passage is encumbered with geographical difficulties, 
which, with my present helps, I feel unable to solve. 

5. Tr]s rjireipov depends on ivrav^Sa (S. §187. 8), in this part of the 

continent. arpaToire^ov iTroirjcravro. The construction of the ships 

in ancient times was such, that but a small stock of provisions could 
be carried in them, and their numerous crews, as Mitford observes, 
could hardly eat or sleep conveniently on board. Hence they v/ere 
under the necessity of debarking to encamp, whenever the ships 
reached a suitable or convenient place. 


The Corcyrseans man 110 ships, and accompanied by the Athenian ships (1. 45. § 1) station 
themselves at Sybota (§ 1) ; their land forces with the Zacynthian auxiliaries encamp on 
the promontory of Leucimne (§ 2) ; the Corinthians are assisted by large bodies of the 
Barbarians (§ 3). 

1. jjor'^ovTo — TTpoa-TrkiovTag. See N. on I. 26. § 8. • avTovs^ i. e. 

she Corinthians. ■ icrrparoTredeva-avTo. From wdiat follows it 

vvould appear, that those w^ho encamped in this placo were sailors. 

See N. on I. 46. § 5. — at KaXovprat ^vjSora. Leake says that these 

.slands, which still bear the ancient name, are five or six miles south- 
fvard of the mouth of the Thy amis (ISTorth. Greece, I. p. 108), and 
shat there is a sheltered bay, between the two principal Sybota, and 
Another between the inner island and the main (ib. III. p. 2). They 
received the name SvjSora, from having been formerly used as hog- 

2. AevKLfivrj. On this promontory the Oorcyrgeans had erected a 
trophy, after their first engagement with the Corinthians (I. 80. § 1). 
- — - ZaKvv'^LCdv x^^tot oTrXirat. As the Oorcyraaans were said (I. 31. 
§ 2) to have formed no alliance with any Grecian state, they must 
either have formed a league with the Zacynthians, at the same time 
that they applied to the Athenians, or in this extremity, the Zacynthi- 
ans came to their help without any formal treaty. 

3. rio-av. , , ,7vapa^€^orpi-]K.6T^s. The order is: noWol oe kcu (also) 

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266 KOTES. [Book I 

TCdV (3ap^dpa)j^ iv rfj rincipto irapa^e^orf^rjKOTCS ijcrav rots 'K.opiv^LOLS, 
This seems to have been suggested by the mention of the Zacynthi- 
an auxiliaries, since its appropriate place ivould have been in the pre- 
vious chapter. The Barbarians rendezvoused at Sybota, a desert port 
of Thesprotia (cf. I. 50. § 3), IVom which some think that the islands, 
received their name. ravrrj^ liere^ i. e. in this part of the conti- 
nent. Miiller remarks (Dor. I. p. 132) that the strong and contin- 
uous chain of Corinthian colonies along the coast, forced even the . 
Barbarians of the interior, and especially the Epirots of Thesprotia, 
to maintain a perpetual connexion with Corinth. 


The Corinthians having sailed by night from Chiiiiei-ium and put themselves in readiness 
for battle, at dawn of day descry the Corcyrsean fleet making towards them (§ 1) ; as 
soon as the fleets are seen by eacli other, they form in line of battle (§§ 2j 8). 

1. rpiodv r)fjb€pQ)p (TiTin^ J^:/?"^?;^s^^?^5 jfor three days. Some think that 
a contrast with the Athenians is here intended, who made no such 
provision when on the point of engaging with the enemy. Dr. 
Bloomf. thinks that it was done here on the supposition, that the Cor- 
ey roaans would retreat to Corey ra or Leucimne, in which case their 

provisions would be very serviceable. avrjyopro^ put to Bea. With 

this verb, wktos is to be taken. «$• iirl vavpaxiav^ " with full ijut" 

pose of tattle.'^'' Bloomf. See N". on I. 126. § 5. apia eco belongs 

to Ka^opuidi and not TrXeovres. perEcopovs^ on the high sea., out at 

sea^ is opposed to lying at anchor in the harbor. 

2. TO be^iov Kepas was the post of honor. to de ciXXo^ sc. 

pi€po£. TeX?/, divisions^ squadroiis. — — hv. , . , et?, each of which 

(divisions) one of the commanders led. 

3. erd^avTo^ arranged themselves in order of lyattle. Kopti/Siois. 

The dative is liere employed for the adnominal genitive (S. § 20. 1. 5) 
after K^pas. In /c/pas KepKvpalcop (§ 2 supra) the usual case was em- 
ployed. ^vppaxoi. Supply eTii^avro from the preceding clause. 

cos eKao-Toi. Some supply ervxov^ but it is better Avith Bloomf, 

to understand erd^avro^ as more suitable to the context. — — evcowpov 
— Kepas was in this instance the most honorable post, as being 
opposed to the Athenians. 

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CkAP. XLIX.1 NOTES. 267 


At the given signal the fleets, with crowded decks, coma to a fierce engagement, which 
resembles a land-fight rather than a sea-fight (§§ 1, 2); the chief reliance being placed 
on bravery, since the ships were so close togetlier as to render them motionless (§ 3) ; 
the Athenians at first abstain from battle, but seeing the Corcyrteans hard pressed, come 
to their assistance and keep the enemy in check (§ 4) ; the Corcja-aeans are victorious 
on their left wing (§ 5) ; but on their right, the Corinthians gain a decided advantage 
(§ 0) 5 upon this the Athenians engage warmly in the battle (§ 7). 

1. iTT€t8rj ra o-qixela eKarepois fjp^r]. Arnold compares. I. G3 ; YII. 

34 ; YIII. 95. '^§' • ' ''rrapeo-Kevao-ficvoi^ liaving even yet tJieir sJiijjs 

fitted out 'cery imslcilfully^ according to the ancient manner. Some 
refer tliis to the equipments of the soldiers, but as e;^oi/res refers 
really to the ships, although grammatically to the sailors.^ TrapaaKeva- 
crpevoi must be made to conform to it in sense. 

2. Kaprepd^ fierce.^ oltstinate. This word is to be repeated Avith ovx 

ofjLOicos^ in the sense of well-fouglit or well-maintained. to TrXiov^ 

to a higher degree^ more. 

3. TTpoa-lSaXkoiev. The optative is here employed to express indefi- 
nite frequency : when^ or, as often as they ran foul of one another. 

K. §337. T; S. §217. 2. ov pabicds direXevovTo^ they loere not 

easily separated. vtto is causal, on account of by reason of. • 

TTiarevovres^ hecause (see N. on I. 9. § 4) tJiey trusted^ contains another 
reason why the ships were suffered to remain alongside. It will be 
seen how in irpocr^dWoLev and aTreXevovro^ things are attributed to the 
crews, which properly can be predicated only of the ships ; but in 

TTia-Tevovres is expressed what can only be said of sentient beings. 

ot KaTaaravres efxaxovTo^ ^'' mtAntained a^pugna stataria."*^ Bloomf. 
r]crvxaiov(Taiv., lying still (Of. II. 84. § 2), i. e. performing no nau- 
tical evolutions. So the Schol. interprets : pr} vavixaxovvrcov. ■ 

hieKirkoi. '* The diecplus was a breaking through the enemy's line, in 
order, by a rapid turn of the vessel, to strike the enemy's ship on the 
side or stern, where it was most defenceless, and so to sink it," See II. 
83. 89 ; YII. 36. 70." Arnold. This naval manoeuvre is remarked by 
Bloomf. as having been revived by Kodney, Nelson, and other naval 
commanders of Britain. The same critic, more correctly than 
Arnold, makes the design of this breaking through the enemy's line, 
to separate one part from the other (as well as to attack it in the 

rear), and thus to cut it up in detail. 3v/>tw, with vehemence of 

spirit, poiprj refers to hodily strength. 

4. ovv., i. e. in consequence of the decision of the fight depending 

Hosted by 


258 NOTES. [Book L 

upon "brute force, rather than upon nautical science. — — rapaxoi^rjs^ 

disturled^ disordered. ev ^^ during wliich engagement. roTs 

KepKvpa'ioi^ depends upon TrapayLyvofiepaL. ?PX^^ ^^^^ "^ 'ArrLKoi 

p?jes {:=:^ol 'AST^wuot) for its SubjCCt, de^Lores ol (TTpaT-qyoi^ which is 
contained as a part under the principal subject {al ^Attlkol pijes:)^ 
taking in the same verb (^px^i^) ^^ reality, although the participle is 
apparently put for the verb. Of. K. § 313. R. 1 ; Butt. § 145. E". 6; 
Mt. § 562. N; 0. § 333. 5. Poppo, in his notes on the Schol., refers, 
with l)uk. orrparrjyol immediately to rjpxov. So also does Dindorf, in 
whose edition no punctuation mark is placed after rjpxov. rr]u 

TTpopprjCTLV. Of. I. 45. § 3. 

5. iiTovEL^ toas 2^'f'essed, is here nearly equivalent to eTru^ero. 

o-7Topdha9^ scattered in the fight, agrees with avrovs (i. e. the Corinthi- 
ans), although it properly refers to the ships. H'^XP'' ^^^ crrparoTre- 

bov begins the apodosis, and tlierefore does not require, as some think, 

to be preceded by the connective Kai. iireK^avTcs., disem'barldng . 

ipTjfiovs (see ]jT. on II. 4. § 4.) =e7r€\ eprjfioL rjo-av. K. § 245. 3. b. 

ret xPW^'^^-i '^^'^^ laggage. 

6. ravrrj^ i. e. on the Corinthian right wing. ovv (then) is not 

here illative, but denotes the result of what has just been said. 

ol 'Koplv^ioi — fjcra-auTo re, 1. e. ot re KoptVStoi — r]a-crooi>ro Kai. " Trans- 

positum est re sicut sa^pe."" Poppo. im rw evcovvpco defines the 

preceding 77. toU KepKvpaiois limits Tvapovo-cbv^ or perhaps may 

be put for the adnominal genitive after vecov. tcov c'Ikoo-l vecoi/. 

The f.rticle is employed, because reference is Iiad to the ships spoken 
of in ol yap. . . .Tp€\l/-dii€UOi (§ 5 supra). — — drro ekdaa-ovos likrf^ovs^ 
out of a lesser numher. The Oorcyrasans had only 110 ships (I. 47. 
§ 1) besides the ten Athenian vessels, while the Corinthians had 150 

ships (I. 46. § 1). €K^ TTjs Sto)gea)ff is to be constructed after 


7. (lakXov belongs to dTrpocpao-Lcrrays^ more 02Jenly. coo-re /x?) 

e/xjSixXXeiz/ TLVL^from charging any ships loith the trazen lealc ; literally, 
BO as not to charge.^ etc. Por /.t?) with the infinitive, see IST. on I. 10. 
§ 1. e'/x/5aXX&) is employed of a ship, which falls upon another with 

its €p,(3o\os. See Liddell and Scott, suh voce. Xap-rrpcos^ clear^ 

manifest. epyov nds eix^ro^ every one laid hold of the wor\ i. e. 

engaged heartily in the battle. dieKeKpLro ovbev en., there icas 

no longer any distinction between the Corcyrceans and Athenians, 
i. e. it could not be determined from their zeal in battle, which had 

come to defend, and which to engage in the offensive. is rovro 

dvdyKrjs^ to this degree of necessity. K. § 264. R. 5. b; Mt. § 341. 4; 
S. §187.1. 

Hosted by 


Chap. L.] NOTES. 269 


The CorcyrsBans being routed, the Corinthians slaughter all whom they can reaoh, and, 
without knowing it, kill some even of their own men (§ 1), inasmuch as in so extensive 
an engagement, it was not easy to discriminate between the victors and the vanquished 
(§ 2) ; and after pursuing them to the shore, succeeded in bringing into Sybota the 
greater part of the wrecks of their ships and their slain (§ 3) ; after which they sail out 
to meet the Corcyrseans, who, together with their Athenian allies, were again advancing 
to give them battle (§ 4) ; as the battle was about to be commenced, a reinforcement 
of twenty Athenian ships heave in sight (§ 5). 

1. TO. (TKa(f)r}. . , ,avahoviievoL (cf. 11. 90. § 6), did not take in tow 
the hulls ; literally, haul off^ lashing to them. The two expressions 
may always be translated as one word. ISTotice the nse of ra a-Kcicfir] 
T(£)v veS>p^ literally, the trough or tub of the shi2JS^ i. e. the hulls. This 

shows their disabled condition. as KarabvcrcLav., which they might 

ha'pjpen to have disabled. It is very evident that KaTabva does not 
here mean to sink to the bottom^ for how could a ship in this condition 
be towed off? ISTor is the interpretation, which they might ha')^e sunk 
if they had chosen (Mt. §§ 514. 2; 515. <95s.), apposite, for who would 
think of such an expression as, they did not tow off the mssels which 
they could have sunk if they pleased ? I concur, therefore, with those 
commentators, who take Karabveiv vavv in the sense of to make a ship 
water-logged^ so that it shall appear in part above water. In Herodot. 
YIII. 90, it appears, that the crew of a ship thus partially sunk, were 
able to throw their darts with such effect, as finally to capture the 
ship which had thus disabled them. Goeller refers to the battle of 
Arginusse (Xen. Hellen. I. 6. § 36), where the Athenian commanders, 
after the action, propose Tik^lv iirX ras KaTabebvKvlas vavs kol tovs en 
avroiu dv^payrrovs. We might have expected hv instead of as (S, 
§ 175. 1), but sometimes the Attics neglected this kind of attraction. 
Of. Jelf's Kiihn. § 822. Obs. 5. The optative generally dispenses with 
av in relative sentences, where the antecedent is indefinite. Of. S. 

§ 217. 2; K. § 333. 4. rrpos be tovs k. t. X. Construct : irpciTrovrc 

(reflexive) Trpbs tovs av'^pcdirovs dicKTrXeovTes (jioveveiv /xaXXov rj (oiypelv 
sc. avTovs. The infinitives denote the purpose or object of dieKuXc- 
oPT€s, as though they were preceded by coo-re (S. § 223). Matthis 
(§ 582. c) makes them epexegetical of Tvpos tovs du^poiTrovs irpdnovTo^ 
but in citing the passage, he has strangely omitted buKTrXiovTes^ an 
error which Poppo (Sup pi. Adnot. p. 122) says he has now corrected. 
Groeller cites him approvingly, but the position of BLeKTrXeovres clearly 

Hosted by 


270 NOTES. [Book! 

marks it as the Tvord, wliich the infinitives are designed to follow, 
The sense, however, is not materially changed hy Matthios's interpre* 

tation. (plXovs is the object of eKreivov^ and refers to the Mega- 

reans and Ambraciots on the right wing, who had been worsted by 
the Corcyrseans, and who were now floating about in their disabled 
Bhips, or on fragments of such as had been shattered to pieces. — — 
dyvoovvTe£^ through ignorance. S. § 225, 3. 

2. yap introduces the cause of the ignorance just spoken of. ■ 

fVi TTokv Trjs "^akdorcrrjs e7r€)(0V(ra)V. See IST. on I. 23. § 3. — ov 

pabloos TTju didypoia-Lv eTToiovvTo^ they made it not easy to decido; lit- 
erally, inade the deciding not easy. yap after vavfxaxia is yap con- 

firmantis = and no wonder, for this sea-fight. In such a use yap 

may be rendered, indeed^ truly. ''eXXtjo-l irpos ''EX\r]uas^ for 

GreeJcs against GreeJcs. In the war with the Persians, greater fleets 
had engaged, but never before in the internal wars of Greece. '^eWtjctl 
is to be referred to Mt. § 388. a, where it is said that the dative is 
often put, especially with ws-, in order to show that a proposition is 
affirmed as true, not generally, but in respect to a certain person. Of. 
K, § 284. 3. (10); S. § 201. 4. — - pLeyla-rr] S/J, far the grecotest, con- 
fessedly the most considerable. — rcov irpo iavrrjs. Afterwards 

there were larger sea-tights, especially in the Sicilian expedition. 

3. TMv 7r\€L(Trcoj/. The Schol. supplies crcoiJidTcov^ on the ground, 
that some of the bodies were driven by the wind to Oorcyra (cf. I. 54. 

1). But would not this apply also to pavdyta'^. ra 2v^oTa. See 

]^. on I. 47. § 3. It is worthy of note, that the port of this name 
always takes the article, while the islands mentioned in I. 47. § 1, are 
always found without it. Bloomf. conjectures from this, that the 

islands took their name from the port. • of, whither. eprjfxos^ 

i. e. either it had no town, or if so, it was deserted of its inhabitants. 

4. rovTo refers back to the collection of the ships and the bodies 

of the slain. oaai rjcrav \onrai. Poppo and others rightly refer 

this to the ten ships, which had not been brought into action, as they 
had 120 ships (cf. I. 25. § 4), but sailed out with only IIO of them (cf 

5. rjb-q be rjv 6\jre — Ka\ (= ore) ol KoptVStot, it was noio getting late 
in the day — lohen the Corinthians. i<a\. . , .eKpovovro is made here a 
co-ordinate sentence with the preceding one, although it is properly 

an adverbial sentence of time. Of. K. §§ 319. R. 2 ; 337. 1. eVc- 

TraLoovLCFTo. The Schol. remarks on this passage, that the Greeks sang 
two p93ans. one before the battle to Mars, the other after it, to Apollo. 
Some make the p^an to have been only a shout, and cite 1 Sam. 17 : 
12, "and shouted for the battle." But in the time of Thucydides, this 

Hosted by 


Chap. LI.] NOTES. 271 

war-song was something more than a battle-shout. Of. Xen. Anab. 

I. 8. §§ 17, 18, where the psean was first sung, and then, as they 
rushed to battle, they raised the shout eXeXev. The triumphal pssan 
after victory is said to have arisen from the fact, that Apollo sang it 

after his victory over the Pythian dragon. ms is emrrXow^ in 

order for the onset. koI before ol Koplv^m^ is to be translated 

like the preceding KaL ■ irpyfivav iKpovovro^ r-owed stern foremost^ 

i. e. without turning the prow away from the enemy, they pulled back- 
wards. €7r/, eiV, or TTpbs is to be supplied with Trpvixvau. - oXiyat 
djjLvvetv^ feio to add =:z too few to render efficient assistance. For the 
eonstruction, cf. K. §§ 806. c. ; 341. g. a ; Mt. | M8. 1. b ; S. § 222. 6. 


riie Corinthians at sight of the Athenian reinforcement slowly relrej^t (§ 1) ; the 
ans also retire as it was growing dark (§ 2); the battle being thus terminated, the Athe- 
nian iieet holds on its course to the Corc^rffian station (|§ 3, 4) ; at v^UJcli placo it comes 
to anchor (§ 5). 

1. Trpolbopres^ seeing ftrst^ i. e. before the Oorcyrieans got sight of 
them. v7roT07rr)(rai/T€s. . . .ttXclov^^ siisj^ecting tliat tliey were from 
Athens, and were more in number than they saio. Two clauses are 
here combined in one : susjjecting that not as many as they saiv, hut 
more (i. e. more than they saw) were from Athens. 

2. K€pKvpaLOLs is the dative of the agent with icapSiVTo. S. § 206. 
4. irreTTXeou . . . o d^jiai/ovs, for they sailed (so as to be) more con- 
cealed from the Corcyrasans. The Schol. says that this Heet came up 
behind their backs, but as both fleets had just left their respective 
ports, such an approach of the Athenian ships could not well take- 
place. Mitford says that they were doubling a headland. I like the 
suggestion of Bloomf , that they vv^ere sailing np in flank of the Cor- 
inthians. i^avpa^op. , , ,Kpovop.€uovs-j they ivondered at the Cor- 
inthians fulling lachioards (see IST. on I. 50. § 5) ; not, they wondered 
.that the Gorintliicms fulled laclcwards. Of. Jelf's Kiihn. § 496. OU. 3. 

TT/jiV, until. — — vri€9 iKfivai inLTrXeovori, there are ships yonder 

{iKclvai. K. § 308. 2; S. § 163. IST. 2) sailing towards us. on which 
precedes is not to be trav slated, as the words spoken are quoted with- 
out change. Cf. S. § 213 1. m/, also^ i. e. in the same manner 

with the Corinthians. — — ^vi'saKora^^ yap rj8r]. The main reason 
why the Oorcyrssans retired, was not because they thought that the 

Hosted by 




[Book 1 

approaching fleet was a hostile one, but because it was gi'owing dark 
(^vveo-Kora^e used impersonally). This is represented by yap caused. 

TTjv hakvcFLv to t]ie battle ; not to rowing stern foremost as some 


3. 7] vav^axia ireXevra is vvKra is by pr^gnaos constructio for^ 
the fight ended^ having lasted till night. See K. on I. 18. § 2. 

4. rols KGpKvpaloLs limits crrpaTOTrebov as an adnominal genitive. 

crrpaTOTTedevoixevois^ as they were encamping^ (see N. on I. 46. 

§ 5). The participle denotes time. See N. on I. 13. § 6. — 'Av- 
doKL^rj^. Andocides was one of the ten Attic orators, whose works 
were contained in the Alexandrine canon, xis Schmitz remarks 
(Smith's Diet. Gr. and Rom. Biog. and Mythol. I. p. 168), he has no 
claim to the esteem of posterity, either as a man or as a citizen. - — -- 
rodv veKpcop kol vavaylcov of the Ooroyrgeans. 

6. eypcoo-av that they were Athenian ships. aypiitcravTo {came 

to anchor) refers to the Athenian ships. 


On the day following, the Corcyrseans and Athenians sail to the Corinthian station and in 
turn oifer battle (§ 1) ; but the Corinthians are 'anwilling to hazard another engagement 
(§ 2) ; and are solicitous to return home, thrp-igh fear of being molested by the Atheni 
ans (§ 8). 

1. 7rXcoi/xoi, sea-worthy. Many of the ships were disabled in the 

preceding engagement. eV r-fis '2v^6tols. The Schol. adds rols 

TTjs rj7r€Lpov^ as though there w^ire a port of the same name in the 
islands. This was an unneces'-iary explanation, inasmuch as the fol- 
lowing clause, iv <a ol KopiVSift &pp,ovv^ sufficiently defines it. 

3. /xeV in ras pev vavs does not refer, as some suppose, to be in rov 
he otKttSe (§ 3 infra), but is pu '. as though it had been written ras pev 
vav£ rjpav^ rjavxa^ov Se, or KaiTrep ras pavs apavres aTro rrjs yrjs. 
Bloomf. renders ras pep vavv cipapres aTro rrjs y^s", heaving the ships 
from the land.^ i. e. launchir^g the ships, which were usually drawn 
ashore. It is a matter of doubt, however, whether the ships, at the 
late hour at which they cams to port, were drawn up on the land, 
and I therefore prefer the inf^^rpretation : putting off from land^ get- 
ting the fleet under sail (cf. I. 29. § 1), aTro r^s- yr]s referring rather 
to the fact, that the ships wer^o, near shoie, than iipon the land. — •— 

vavpaxias depends on apxeip. ih6i>ri. ?, of their own accorc^ . 

hpSivres (denoting cause see I^. ' ri \. *^ ;> 4) rrpoayeyepTjpeycs , v§ 

Hosted by 


Chap. LIII.] NOTES, 273 

t=6poiVT€s on Tp vrj^s Trpoo-eyeysvrjvro. The participle after certaii 
verbs is to be rendered frequently by a finite verb preceded by 6Vt. 
Of. K, § 310. 4. a; S. § 225. 2. — — €k rCov 'A'^r^vS^p. Haack adopts 
'A^rjvaicov^ wliich is the reading of the majority of the M8S. Of, 
Mt. § 429. 2. — TToXXd^ in consequence of the position of the 
article (K. § 245. 3. b), is to be taken in the predicative sense with 
arropa^ difficulties in great ctbundance. K. § 246. 8. c. — alxyioXai- 
rcdv limits cj^vXaKrjs^ and is the antecedent of ovs. — iniaK^vr^v ovk 
ovarav should have been eTno-Kevrjs ovk ovar]s^ to correspond to the 
construction of the preceding clause, but by a varied syntax Spavres 
is repeated from the foregoing context. iincrKevriv is reficiendarum 
namiim co^iam^ materials for reimiring tlieir ships, 

3. rov Se o'iKade rrXov depends on dieo-KOTrovv^ as the object about 
which their thoughts were occupied (K. § 2T4. 1. b). This relation is 

often denoted by rrepl with the genitive. Of. Mt. § 589, ottt) (in 

toliat way) Kofiia'^ricrovTai defines more particularly rov olxabe irkov. 
-' — ■ deBiores fir] — ovk. ewa-L^ fearing lest—might not permit, behiores 
takes the time of dteo-KOTrovp^ and hence should have been followed 
properly by the optative. But see j^T. on Kcokva-covrm^ I. 26. § 2. — 
€s x^^P<^h ^^ l)lows^ to a, close engagement. 


The Corinthians send persons to sound the Intention of the Athenians (§ 1) ; the deputies 
accuse tl;e Athenians of injustice in withstanding the Corinthians, and demand to he 
themselves treated as enemies, in case they intend to hinder the Corinthians from pro- 
ceeding Avherever they please (§ 2) ; upon this the Corcyi-seans cry out, that the messen- 
gers shall be put to death ; bit the Athenians reply, that they will hinier the Corinthi- 
ans from proceeding nowhere except against the Corcyrasans (§§ 3, 4). 

1. KeXrjTLop^ a small loat^ a sJciff] is a diminutive of ksXtj^^ literally, 
courser^ a race-horse^ and secondly, a fast-sailing loat.^ a yacht. — — 

av€v K-qpvKeiov^ without the heraWs wand (i. e. the caduceus). This 
was done, either to show that they did not consider themselves ene- 
mies, or the better to learn the intentions of the Athenians, by thus 
depriving themselves of heraldic protection, and relying for safety 
solely upon the good disposition of those to whom they were sent. 

2. dBacelTe—rrokeiJiov npxovres^ you do wrong in leginning (see K 

on I. 3T. § 5) war. (nrovbas^ although referring to the thirty 

years' truce, is often employed without the article. Of I. 67. § 1 ; 71. 

Hosted by 


274 NOTES. [BooKl 

§ 5 ; 78. § 4. — yap (oonjirmantis) introduces a sentence, confirma- 
tory of the charge expressed in (nrovbas \vovt€s. — — rjixiv limits 
€/x7roSft)i/, in OUT toay. — — - rLixcopovfxevoLs denotes time, wh&n we tales 
vengeance wpon (see N. on I. 13. § 6). The whole clause may be 
briefly and idiomatically rendered, for yon stand hi the way of our 
talcing mngeance ui^on. — — • mika avraip6\i^voi^ ly tahing %i%i (see N". 
on I. 9. § 4) arms against ns. — — d — eVr/. The protasis takes the in- 
dicative, when the condition is considered by the speaker a reality or 
fact (K. § 339. I. a ; S. § 215. 1). The apodosis begins at /axl ras 
(TTTovbas \vere. — — - tjiias rovabe^ toe who are liere> Of. Kr. § 50'. 11. 

K. 22; S. § 163. K. 2. ^XalSovres — XPW^^^^-) '^^^^^^ ^^^^'^^ '^^^- P^^''" 

ticiples are to be rendered as verbs, when they are necessarily con- 
nected with, or presupposed by the following verb. Of. Butt. § 144. 
N". T; K. § 312. R. 10 ; Herm. ad Yig. iT. 224, and also p. 843. This 
seemingly pleonastic use of the participle, gives life to the description, 
and is in conformity with our own usage. 

3. Tcov de. . . JirriKova-ev^ l)ut Oil the Gorcyrman side^ as much of the 
fleet as was within hearing, I have followed the suggestion of Arnold, 
in making rix^v KepKvpaicov a general term for all on the Coroyr^an 
side, both Oorcyroaans and Athenians, to jjlsu orrparoTredou (referring 
to the Oorcyrsaan division), and ol Se ^K^r^vaioi (as constituting a part 
of the Oorcyroean fleet), would thus be opposed to each other (to jxh 
— ot Se). This is better than Dindorf's conjecture, that KepKvpmoiv 
should be erased, or Fritzoch's reading, tqjv de^ KepKvpaloiv to fieu 
(jTpaTorrehov, ™ ev'^vs belongs to the following verb. 

4. Tola-be. See N. on Tovab?^ § 2 supra. — — ^vpLjiaxois ovai^ loho 

are (see N. on I. 8. § 1) our auxiliaries. ov Treptoypofie'^a (see K. 

on TrepLopav. I. 24. § 6) =: loill 2^Temnt^ the opposite signification be- 
ing given by oi;. Of. K. § 318. R. 1. Kara to dwaTov^ pro viridus^ 

to the utmost of our power. Of. II. 89. § 2 ; Y. 23. § 1. 


Having received this answer from the Athenians, the Corintliians prepare to return homoj 
but first set up a tropliy on the contineotal Syhota, as do the Corcyrffians also on the insu-- 
lar Sybota (§ 1) ; the grounds are given on wliich the two parties claim the victory (§ 2), 

1. eV oXkov. See K. on I. 30. § 2. iv Tjj r/neipa) as opposed 

to the insular (eV Trj vi]o-ai) Sybota. to, in to. kuto. (T(j}as referg 

m gender to vavdyca^ to wlijch a prominence is thus given. Of. Jelf 's 

Hosted by 


Chap. LIV.] KOTES. 275 

Kiihn. § 391. 05s. -—=--— yepo^^pos trjs vvktos^ rising in the night. «-- — 
CDS u€i/iktjk6t€s, as if they had teen mctorious. The participle her®r 
denotes an assumed cause. Cf. S. § 225. 4. 

2. yi/ti)iJi7] , . . ,7Tpo(T^7roLf)cravTo, noiD each pa7'ty claimed the victory^ 
for the following reasons. ~ ix^xpt wktos^ until night. Altliougli 
the Corinthians had been defeated on their right with the loss of 
thirty ships, yet, as their left wing and centre were so decidedly vic- 
torious as to destroy seventy ships, the battle, as a whole, terminated 
decidedly in their favor.— — (So-re . . , . Trpoo-Ko/xio-acrSat defines more 
fully Kparrjaavres. As it respects the collecting together of the 
wrecks, Bloomf. very justly remarks, that after a sea-fight, this, like 
the removal of the dead for burial in a land engagement, usually de- 
cided who had been victors. ovk eXdcra-ovs x'-^'^^^- ^^ appears 

from I. 56. § 1, that the Oorcyrgean captives amounted to one thou- 
sand and fifty. — — Karadua-apr^s.! because they had disabled (see IST. on 
I. 50. § 1). Bloomf. thinks that all which is meant is, that this num- 
ber of sliips were more or less shattered, since if they had been sunk, 
it could hardly be said, that the Corcyroaans made head with the re- 
maining ships and those which were sea-worthy. But Karabvaavres 
must certainly mean the sinking of a ship to such a degree as to render 
it unfit for immediate use ; and if, in addition to the loss of seventy, 
ten others Were so crippled as to be put hors de comhat^ tliere would 
still be thirty left. To these add ten (the number of their remaining 
ships, cf. I. 50. § 4), and the thirty Athenian ships, and there is a sum 
total of seventy ships, the Athenian division of Avhich (at least the 
recent reinforcement) was fresh for the encounter. On the other 
hand, the Corinthians had suffered a total loss of thirty ships on their 
right wing, which left them on^ hundred and twenty (cf. I. 46. § 1), 
Of these we may suppose some were so disabled, as not to be fit to 
take their station in the line of battle, so that in round numbei*s, their 
fi^et may be estimated at one hundred ships. It is easy to see, that 
the sound condition of the Athenian vessels would make the Ooroyrse- 
an fleet, ^ven with thi-s disparity of numbers, more than a match for 
the Corinthian fleet. — — juaXtora belongs to rpiaKovra in the sense of 

nbout^ in round numbers. Cf. Butt. § 150. p. 437. eWtS)) rjX'^ou 

ol 'A^fjpoiot. The reading here has caused some diflftculty, from thQ 
apparent inappositeness of making ol ^M^-qvaloL the subject of rjk%ov, 
Haack rejects ol ^K^-qpaloi entirely, Poppo and Bloomf. enclose these 
words in brackets. Goeller concurs Avith Steph. that KcpKvpaioff 
should be put in the place of ^K%r]v.axoi. Bloomf. refers rjk'^ov to 
avToh for its nominative, on the ground that this pronoun, in the nat^ 
aral order, is nearest to the ¥^cb, I am of the opinion, however, 

Hosted by 


276 NOTEP, [Ba;k^ 

that Bekker, Dindorf, and Arnold are right iu receiving cl 'A'^tji/a7\ . 
as genuine, since the idea thus advanced, corresponds well with th? 
facts of the case. When the Corinthians first descried the Atheni- 
an ships, they pulled astern (cf. I. 51. § 5) and thus gradually re- 
tired. On the next day, the principal reason why they declined th(} 
fight, was the appearance of the Athenian ships in the Corcyrseai 

line (cf. 6pcovT€s aKpaKpveh^ I. 52. §2). This is referred to ir\ 

eVetS?) rjX^op ot ^A'^rjvaloL k. r. X. dia ravra refers back to the 

causal participles, diacp'^eLpavTes^ dveXofxepoij and to on — VTrexoaprja-ap-— 
ai^reVXeoz/. Of. K. § 304. 3. 


The Corinthians, on their return homeward, take Anactorium and leave in it Corinthian 
colonists. They treat the better part of the Corcyraean captives with kindness, hoping 
thus to hring over Corcyra to the Peloponnesian confedei-acy (§ 1) ; the assistance thuo 
furnished to the Corcyrieans by the Athenians, was the cause of theii* war with the Cor 
inthians (§ 2). 

1. 'AvaKTopiov. Leake (North. Greece, III. p. 498) identifies th<? 
site of this city with ruins, which he found at the south -eastern ex 
tremity of the Gulf of Prevyza. Thucydides elsewhere says tha/ 
Actium is situated at the mouth of the Amhracian gulf. In all th^ 
maps before me except Kiepert's, I find Anactorium placed nearest tc 
the mouth of the gulf. The contrary is asserted by Strabo, ane' 
Bloomf. thinks that the Sinus Ambrac. has a double entrance, on the, 
second of which Anactorium was situated. In this conjecture he if 
supported by Kiepert, on whose map of " Hellas zu Anfang des pelo- 
ponnesischen Krieges," Anactorium is placed in the inner entrance i 

short distance east of Actium. oTrar?;, dy artifice. It is thought 

that^ being received as friends they seized upon the place. — — kolvoi 
KcpKvpaUov KoX iK€LV(idv^ a common possession of the Gorcyrmans and of 
theirs. That their sympathies were with the Oorinthians appears 
from the fact, that they contributed one ship to the Oorinthian fleet. 
(I. 46. § 1). KQivbs is more usually fo]i.>wed by the dative. S. § 187 

8. oLKTjTopas =^ iTTOLKTjTopas^ nonTculIos nodos colonos, Perhap? 

Thucydides wished to show by a brief expression, that the Gorcy- 
rmans Uvirg there were expelled, and their place supplied by nev- 
colonists. — --T 6l Tjcrqu, BqvXql. It appears from this, that the Oorcy- 
??83an fleet was mann,ed in no sm^U degree by slaves. This practice 
Qf employing slayes in their nayieSj "vya^ cpmi^pu to all the Grecian 

Hosted by 


Chap. LTI.] NOTES, 27T 

states. — — ■ oTTeSoz/ro (2 aor. mid. of aTroSidco/xt), they sold. - — h 

^epaTrela clxou =z i'^epimevov. Kriig. oTrcdS—TrpoaTTOLrjaeLav. Kost 

(§ 122. 9. N. 4) cites this passage in illustration of his remark, that the 
optative stands after intentional particles (such as ha^ oncos^ ocl^pa^ w?, 
etc.), when the writer expresses his own view of the intention of the 
agent, otherwise the nse of the subjunctive is frequent and common. 
Of. K. § 330. E. 2. b. — avro'is refers to the Corinthians, and is the 
dat. commodi after Trpdcnroiijo-eiav. The intrigues, tumults, and dread- 
ful excesses, which followed on the return of these captives to Oor- 

cyra, are narrated in III. 70, et seq, irvyxavov, . . .TroXeoos, /br it 

chanced.^ that the most of them were the first of the city in 'povder ; or, 
for the greater 'part (ol TrXetofs-), Iiajjpe^ied to ie among the most p>oto- 
erful of the city. For the construction, cf. S. § 225. 8 ; 201. 4. 

2. TTepiylyverai (see l!T. on II. 65. § 13) rw TroXepicp rau KoptvStooj^, 
got the upper homd of the GorintMans in the war (K. § 275. 1). The 
Corinthians had been foiled in the main object of their expedition 
(viz. the reduction of Corcyra), and therefore I have adopted the 
interpretation, which makes rodv KopLv?iL(ov depend on Trepty/yi/erat, in 
preference to that of MatthijB (§ 402. d)^ who makes the verb to be 
followed by rw irokipicd^ emersit a hello (Arnold : outlived the war). 
So Poppo and Goeller : " Gorinthios dello 8up)eTat.^ non e dello Gorin- 
thiorum emergitP — — e^ avTr\s^ i. e. Corcyra, » rov ttoKIiiov de- 
pends on alrla, eV (nrovbais^ tempore foederis., in time of peace. 

— /.lera, wit\ on the side of 


The liistorian now proceeds, in chaps. 56-66 (compare the general summary of chaps, 
24-66), to narrate the second avowed canse of the war, yiz. the affair of Potidsea (§ 1) ; tho 
Athenians, fearing lest the Corinthians might revenge themselves by inducing the Poti- 
dseans to revolt, order that city to pull down the wall facing Pallene, to give hostages, and 
no longer to receive magistrates from the Corinthians (§ 2). 

1. ravra.^ i. e. the events of the Corcyrsean war, which have just 
Deen related. — - /cai, also^ in addition to the Corcyrsean affair. — — 
h TO TToX^/xeTz/, tending to loar. 

2. TTpacrcrovTcov ottcos (^ or^ rpoTrw) ri/JLcoprjO-oprai avTov£^ contriving 
how they inight tahe vengeance upon them (i. e. the Athenians). The 
future indicative here takes the place of the subjunctive after oVo)?, to 
express more definitely the realization of the proposed end. Of, S, 


Hosted by 


278 NOTES. [BooKl 

§214. l.b; K. § 330, 6. — eVi r« tV^/xw. This istlimus was the 
entrance into the peninsula of Pallene (the ancient Phlegra), and is 
now called the Gate of Kassandhra (r) ILopra ttjs Kaa-o-dudoas), Of, 
Leake's North. Greece, III. p. 152. — — - ^vjjLjjLdxovs (popov vTroreXel^^ 
allies paying tribicU^ tributary allies. Some of the allies paid ao 
equivalent in money, for ihQ troops or ships which they were to fur- 
nish. — — h IiaXki]vr]v. The wall facing Pallene was ordered to be 
demolished, in order that they might not be able to defend themselves 
from the Athenians attacking them by sea. , The other wall {to in rov 
i<r^fxov Tclxos) was erected as a defence against the Barbarians, and 
therefore was suiiered to remain undisturbed. ~ rovs re eTnBrjiiiovp" 
yovs. Miiller (Dorians, XL p. 144. N. h) says that these were up2:}er de- 
miurgic as the imo-rpaTrjyol in Egypt, in the time of the Ptolemies, were 
upper or superior arpaTi^yuL Goeller (to whose opinion Bloomf. in- 
clines) thinks that eVi- here means an additional or extra magistrate, 
sent out by the mother country, to act as a colleague to the demiurgi 
appointed by the colonists tiiemselves. The Schol. says that Asclepia- 
des (an ancient grammarian) thought eVi- to be superfluous. There 
is, however, no doubt as to the genuineness of the vford as here com- 
pounded. These magistrates received this name, because their chief 
duty was to transact business for the people (= Athenian demarclii 
or the Latin trihuni). — — - li^pblKKov^ Perdiccas II. ^ the son and suc- 
cessor of Alexander I., and the eighth from the founder Perdiccas I. 
(cf. II. 100. § 2). In the Peloponnesian war, he acted a very dishon- 
orable part, sometimes siding with the Athenians, and sometimes with 
the Lacedemonians. For the line of the Macedonian kings, cf. Hero- 
dot. YIIL 139. Tovs irn QpaKrjs^ '^ the people Thrace-ioard., or lying 

m the direction of Thrace, a general term applied to the Greek states 
which lined the northern coast of the JEgean from Thessaly to the 
Hellespont." Arnold. For the genitive after eVt, cf. N. on I. 30. § 2. 
'-- — ^vvaTToa-T-qo-axn^ cause to rewlt^ or draw into a revolt with them, 
•=— ^vfji^dxovs of the Athenians. 

Hosted by 


Chap. LYIL] NOTES. 279 


The Athenians take these precautionary measures immediately after the Corcyraean -war^ 
for in addition to the hostility of the Corinthians, Perdiccas had now become their 
enemy, because they had formed an alliance with his brother Philip (§§ 1-3) ; and he was 
managing to set the Peloponnesians at variance with them (§ 4), and taking measures to 
organize against Atliens a confederacy of the states adjacent to him (§ 5) ; and therefore 
lit was that the Atlienians demanded hostages ftom the Potidseans, and commanded tiie 
■*v'all next to the sea to be demolished (§ 6), 

1. TTpbs Tovs UoridaLdras^ against tlw Potidmans. Poppo, Haack, 
ahd Goeller read Trept tovs nortStuaras-, concerning the Potidceans^ as 
Dfeing more consistent with the fact, that the measures spoken of were 
not intended to he adverse to the Potidoaans, hut to the Corinthians. 
The expedition, however^ was to all intents against the Potid^eans^ 
and if not, rrpos could he translated, in res^ject to^ concerning. Of. K. 
§ 298. in. 8. e. 

2. eTreiTokefjLoiTo^ had tecome inimical. ■ - ■- irpoTepov—cov^ who had 
hefore 'been. For the participial construction, see IST. on I. 8. § 1. 

3. hk here serves to introduce a cause, and is nearly equivalent 
to yap. — — ^lKltttvco .... Aep^a. Perdiccas was to have divided his 
kingdom with his brother Philip, and also with Derdas his cousin, hut 
instead of doing this, he attempted to deprive them of their provinces. 

The Athenians seem to have taken part with these princes. » 

Koivf] .... evauTLovfxhois^ '* engccged in common hostilities against him.^'' 

4. eiTpaa-aev (s=: exerted himself^ ijlotted^. See IV. 89. § 2. > 

6rrcos^—y€i^r]TaL. See ]S[. on I. 55. § 1. Trep^ncov^ by sending. Cf. K. 

on I. 9. § 1. — - atroTff refers to the Athenians. As this pronoun 
would be referred more naturally to the Lacedsemonians elicited from 
AaKeSat'/xom, some are very much disposed to substitute 'A^jrjvaiovs for 
U.eXoTrovvrj(TLovs. — — - Ttpod^iroLfLTo^ endeavored to loin over to himself 
(see N". on I. 88. § 6). The imperfect is here used de conatu., i. e. to 
denote an endeavor or purpose. Of. Butt. § 137. K. 10; S. § 211. N". 
12. ISTotice the transition from the construction of the . participle 
(irepiTTcdv) to that of the finite verb. A similar change of construction 
is found in lY. 4. § 2 ; YIII. 45. § 4. ~ evem denotes the end or 
purpose, 071 account of = in order to bring alyout. 

5. 7rpocr€(^fpe— Xdyoi;?, he loas treating with^ mahing ^:>rop^s«Z5, 
— — - XaXKiSf Ocrt. The Ohalcidians are said by Leake (ISTorth. Greece*. 
TIL p, 454) to have occupied, in the meridian period of Greek history^ 

Hosted by 


280 KOTE^. [BooKl 

the whole of the great peninsula lying southward of the ridge of 
Mount Khortiatzi, although the original Ohalcidice was far more 
restricted in its limits. The Bottia3ans, after Oljnthus passed into the 
hands of the Ghalcidmns (through the mstrnmentality of Artabazus, 
who subjected it after Xerxes' retreat from Greece), became the hum- 
ble allies of that people, and are found joined with them on this occa- 
sion, and the one spoken of, 11. 79. § 1. — — Sfiopa to Macedon. — — 
Tou TToXefiop against his brother Philip and the Athenians. 

6. j3ov\6iJi€i'oi, . . .uTToorracrets-, i. e. wishing, by measures taken be- 
forehand, to prevent the revolt of these cities. —— ervxovo o , .o-rpaTr,- 
yovvTos is a parenthesis, and is so marked in all the editions before me, 
except those of Dindorf, Kriig., and Goel. eVv^oz^— aTrooreXXoi/res:, 

they liajp'penedj to he fitting out. •« ahrovs i. e. Perdiccas. Of. I. 59. 

I 2. — ^er ciXXcDv Se/ca. Eleven generals being so unusual and 
large a number to be sent with only 1000 men, the conjecture of 
Krtig. in Seebod. Bibl. Grit. a. 1828. p. 8 (cited by Poppo and Goeh 
ler), is worthy of consideration, viz. that we should read /xer aXXav 
d\ loith four others. It is said by those who adhere to the reading 
fxer aXXcav SeKa, that Pericles departed to the Samian war with nine 
colleagues (I. 116. § 1), but as Poppo remarks, it does not say in that 
place, that Pericles departed to the war with nine colleagues, but that 
lie the tenth general (i. e. one of the ten generals) commanded the 
armament. The idea of Schoemann (Antiq. p. 252) that extraordinary 
officers were created for this occasion is highly improbable. — - eVt- 
areXXovcrt. The Schol. explains this by ipreXXovrai., for the fleet had 
not yet set sail, as in that case it would have been airoa-r^iXavres 
instead of aTroo-reXXoi/rf?. — ttXtjcflov to Potidi^a. ■■■ (pvXaKrjP 
f^^eev, as we say, to Iceep an eye ujpo7i^ to he or. the watch. 


The PotidEeatis send aii embassy to induce the Athenians to change their policy, but meet 
with no success, whereupon being encouraged to liope for assistance from the Lacedeemo- 
nians, in conjunction witli the Chalcidians and the Bottifeans, they seize this opportunity 
to revolt (§ 1) ; at the advice of Perdiccas, the Chalcidians destroy their maritime cities 
and remove to Olynthus, a part of Mygdonia being assigned to them also for their habita- 
tion (§ 2). 

1. ft TTco?. Supply aKOTT^Iv or neipacr'^aL^ (to see) ■ to /let her they 

could persuade. Cf. K. § 344. P. 9 ; Mt. § 526 ; Post, § 12^ :^. 3. ^ 

woiT^pl^eLv]^€i\ to attempt no political change^ i. e, to make no 

Hosted by 


Chap. LYIIIj NOTES. 281 

change in tlie polity of Potidsea. Of. I. 115. § 2. Sttcos^. . ,8er] 

must depend on iX^ovreg is rrjv haKebaiiiova^ jUSt as el ttcos [Jirjdev 

depends on rreiJi'^apTes ivap ^ K'^rjuaiovs irpecr^eLs. The verb eTrpaacrov^ 

therefore, is with good reason bracketed in the best editions. gk 

TToXkov TTpdcrorovres^ after negotiating a long time. The participle here 

denotes time. See N". on I. 13. § 6. rjvpovro. All the editions 

before me, except Bekker's and Dindorf 's, have evpovro. al vr]es 

m inl MaKcdoviap — erikeov = al vijes al irrl MaKeboviap irkeovcrai eVi 

MaKcdovlav cVXcoz/. ofioicos^ i. e. just as though the Potidteans had 

sent no embassy to Athens. to. reXr]^ tJie chief magistracy^ or as 

we sa\'', the government, "ra reX-q sunt Ephori." Goeller. vTre- 

(Tx^ro is found in the plural in some MSS. Kiihner (Jelf's edit. § 385. 
a) says that ra r^X-q with a singular verb signifies the magistrates^ 
with a plural verb the catinet. The use of the plural or singular 
depends on the manner in which it lies in the speaker's mind (cmi7no 
loquentis). So Mt. (§ 300) remarks that the verb is put in the plural, 

when the neuter plural signifies living persons. nWe . , . .rovrov^ 

then indeed at tJiat ^Gery time. In order to avoid a redundancy, Bauer 
renders roVe §/;, his de causis. But rore is used of time (cf. II. 84. § 2), 
and the addition of Kara rbv Kaiphv rovrov is by no means pleonastic, 
but gives emphasis =z without any delay ^ immediately. 

5. ras,. ..EKkiTTovTas. The Athenian supremacy at sea, enabled 
them to ravage the sea-coast of those countries with which tliey-were 

at war. avoidaaa'^ai is here used of a removal from the sea-coast 

up into the interior. See 1. T. § 1 ; YIII. 31. § 2. ''OXw'^ov. This 

city gradually rose in importance, until it subsequently became one 
of the greatest cities in Greece, and carried on a successful war with 
Macedonia. It was, however, taken by Philip II., who gave it up to 
plunder, reduced the inhabitants to slavery, and razed its walls to the 
ground. Of. Oramer's Greece, I. p. 252 ; Leake's North. Greece, III. 
p. 459. ravT-qv is the object, and pLiav re TroXiv lorxvpav the predi- 
cate of iroiqrrao-^aL. S. § 185. IsT. 1. rrjs yrjs depends upon nepl 

rrjv BokjSqv \Lp.vr]v. Krlig. Oousin says that irepl in rrepl. . . .\ipvqv 

<loes not here signify circum^ but iwope. Of. K. § 295. III. 1. a. The 
vv^aters of lake Bolbe, wdiich lay E. of Thessalonica and N". of A.pollonia, 

communicated with the Strymonicus Sinus. i-e/xeo-Sat here denotes 

a temporary possession. ews-, as long as. aV, which usually 

accompanies the subjunctive mood after eco? (cf. S, § 217. 2), increases 
the notion of duration by making it more indefinite (=::: however long 
it may he). 

Hosted by 


282 NOTES. [Book L 


Tho Athenian fleet finding that the Potidseans have revolted (§ 1), turn their course to 
Macedonia to assist Philip and the brothers of Derdas (§ 2). 

1. €s TCI eVl epaK7]s (sc. x^pta)- ^^^ ^- ^n I. 80. § 2. The parts 
of Thrace here spoken of, embraced the three peninsuhas, Pallene, 
Chalcidice, and Acte, and extended noi'th as far as Amphipohs. In 
this region the Greeks had planted colonies and founded flourishing 

cities. KaraKaix^avc.vcn , . . .af^ecrrr^Kora (== on d(p€(rTrjKaaL. See IST. 

on I. 52. § 2), Jind that JPotidcea and tlie other places have already 

2. dStij/ara . . . . ;(copia. The order is: etVat aSui/ara TToXefxelv rjj 

7rapov(T7j BvvciiJieL re Trpo? UepdiKKau kol to. ^vvacfyeorrcdra ^((tipLa. 

€<j)' onep refers to .rpeirovTai iirl Trjv MaKcdoutav^ and therefore is = eVt 
TO Tpe-n-ea^ai^ or eVl To ttKcIp. In respect to the primary design of the 

x\thenian fleet, cf. I. 57. § C. Karncrrai^res-, stationing themselves^ 

talcing thew position in the place referred to, i. e. in upper Macedonia. 
This will show Avh j aVwSez/ is employed in the next member. 


The Corinthians, apprehensive for the safety of Potidsea, send thither a body of 2000 
volunteers and mercenaries (§1); these troops commanded by Aristeus, a warm friend 
of the Potidfcans, reach the city forty days after its revolt (§§ 2, 3). 

1. Iv TovTcp (sc. ;;^poj/a)), m the oneanichile. ttjs UoTiBalas dcfie- 

(TTrjKviasj lohen Fotidcea had revolted from the Athenians. S. § 226. 

Trepl before rw x^p'^^ ^^^ ^ causal signification, 07i account of^=: 

for the safety of. See IST. on ez/e/ca, I. 57. § 4. — ■ — oiKelov tov klvSwop 

rjyoviievoi^ regarding the danger as their own. lavTwv has here its 

exclusive signification, i. e. it denotes that the volunteers were con- 
<ined wholly to their own city, while those of the Peloponnesians, 
who assisted them, were received on pay. — — pucr^cp irelcravTes, 
Wachsmuth (Antiq. Gr. I. 2. p. 310) thinks that these were not mer- 
cenary soldiers, but such as being sent from the confederated states, 
received stipends from the Corinthians, in reference to whicli opinion 

Hosted by 


Chap. LXI.J NOTES. 283 

Poppo says : "oui opinioni verbum Treto-avres aliquantum obstare \i(le- 

atur." ■ Toijs Trdvras^ in all^ i. e. the Corinthians and Peloponne- 

sians. Ql Kr. § 60. 11. K. 13. / 

2. Kara (piklav^ on account of friendsliip. al^v is here era- 
ployed objectively, for liim^ toioards him. ohx rJKLcrTa by litotes 

tor mostly^ chiefly. yap in ^v yap introduces the reason why so 

many volunteered under Aristeus, viz. because he was friendly {imrr]- 
beios) to the Potidseans, which would be a sufficient reason why his 
admirers should feel a similar regard for them, and march for their 

3. em OpaKTjs^ to Thrace. The genitive is frequently found in an- 
swer to the question ' whither' (cf. Mt. § 584. /3; Butt. § 147. p. 412), 
although direction towards is most commonly denoted. See jST. on I. 

30. § 2. ' ^. In consequence of the harsh ellipsis of aTro eKelvrjs 

(so. i-jfxipai) as the antecedent of ^7, Poppo, Goeller, Arnold, and 
Blooralield read va-repov — rj., after that. Bekker is said by Poppo 
(Suppl. Adnot, p. 126) now to have adopted rj. His edition before me 
has rJ. The Schol. defines fj by iv f] rjp^epa^ or d(^' ov. 


The Athenians hearing of the defection of Potidaea, and the assistance sent thither hy the 
Corinthians, despatch Callias Avith 2000 hoplites and forty ships against the revolted 
provinces (§ 1); a junction is formed In Upper Macedonia between these forces and 
those previously sent out, who having taken Therme, were then besieging Pydna (§ 2) ; 
having made a composition with Perdiccas they depart from Macedonia (§ 3) ; on their 
march, they make an unsuccessful attack upon Beroea, after which they proceed on their 
way to Potidaea (§ 4), and on the third day they reach Gigonas (§ 5). 

1. T) dyyeXia rcdp TTokccdu on dcfyearacn^ the report of the defection 
of the cities ; literally, the reijgrt concerning the cities.^ that they had 
rexolted. The subject of the subordinate clause is here attracted to 
the principal clause, and made to depend upon its substantive. This 
usimlly takes place, when the subordinate clause depends on the sub- 
stantive of the principal clause. Of. K. § 347. 3; Mt. § 296. 3. See 

E". on 1. 72. § 1. 7](T'^ovro—iTTnrap6vras. Of. IT. on I. 26. § 3 (init.). 

irepivrov avTQV arparrjyop. See N. on 1. 46. § 2. 

2. rovs TrpoTspovs x^^'^^^^- ^^' ^- ^^' § ^- Oeppr^v apri ■^p-qKOTas^ 
had already captured Therme. The construction will be understood 
by a reference to JST. on Spoovres Trpocryeyevrjpepas^ I. 52. § 2. Therme 

Hosted by 


284 NOTES [Book 1 

was subsequently called Thessalonica^ in honor of Thessalonica the 
wife of Cassandra, and daughter of Philip. It Avas to the church 
here, that Paul wrote his two epistles to the Thessalonians. Its mod- 
ern name is Saloniki. Uubuav^ Pydna. This place was situated 

on the western shore of the Thermaicus Sinus, S. W. of Therme, and 
was famous for the battle gained in its vicinity, by Paulus ^railius 
over the Macedonian army under Perseus, which terminated the em- 

3. 7rpo(TKa^€^6iJL€voL. Of N". on I. 26. § 6. KOL avroi^ tliey also 

i. e. the reinforcement. ^vfx^aa-Lv^ an agreement^ treaty, avay- 

KULov. The position of their affairs was such, as to make a suspension 

of hostihties with Perdiccas highly necessary. KarrjneLyep^ urged 

071^ compelled to hasten. lioTtbata Ka\ 6 ^ApLorrevs TrapeXijXv'^oos 

(= the coining of Aristetis) is a form of expression, somewhat simihir 

to Kvpos KOL rj Tlepa-Licr] ^aaikcla (I. 16. § 1). inravlarravTai^ de- 

jyarted from., evacuated. Of. I. 139. §1. 

4. dcj)iK6jji€voL is Bepoiav k. r. \. This passage has perplexed com- 
mentators not a little, and as is usual in. such cases has received a great 
diversity of interpretations. Bauer would distinguish between Bero^a 
and the district of the same name, and thinks that in passing througli 
the district {a<pLK6}X€voi is Bipotav)^ they turned suddenly upon the 
city (tov x(»^p'^ov) in order to take it by surprise. But it is very un- 
natural to make Berosa stand for the district, and x^^p^ov for the city. 
Reiske, Haack, and others would connect KUKel^^ev with iirop^vovro., 
thus making iTna-Tpiyj/aures. . . .eXourcv parenthetic. In that case, 
nowever, the koI in /ca/ceiSez^ would have to be cancelled, and the sig- 
nification, which Reiske gives to iina-Tpe^avT^s^ turning their atten- 
tion to., is also very doubtful, since it hardly admits of a question that 
rbv vovv would have been added, had this been the idea intended to 
be conveyed. Bloomf in his recent edition, has rejected the view, 
which he formerly entertained of the passage, viz. that the ai-my on 
their way from BeroBa and at a short distance from it, either from a 
sudden thought, or a premeditated design and deep-laid plan, turned 
back upon the city, in order to carry it by a coup de main. This in- 
terpretation he has well abandoned, though for a different reason (the 
absence of Tropev'^evres KOL betvv^een KclKel'^eu and iino-Tpiixl/avTes) than 
I would assign. For it is very singular that tlie Athenian army in 
their way to Potidica by land, the natural route lying along the coast, 
should have turned off and made such a circuit to the west, as they 
must have done to pass through Beroea, I am inclined, therefore, to 
the interpretation of Poppo, Goeller, Arnold, and now Bloomf, which 
makes" KaKcl'^ev imo-rpeyj/avres^ the turning off of the Athenians from 

Hosted by 


Chap. LXIL] NOTES. 285 

Beroea on tlieir return to the sea-coast, which they had left for the 
purpose of attackmg it. The passage might then he rendered : liamng 
proceeded to Berma^ and Jiavmg thence returned (again to the sea), 
/or they had first attempted to talce tlie place 'but icere not dble^ they 
proceeded hy land to Fotidma, This interpretation makes Kai neipd' 
(TLivTes. . . ,iX6vres a parenthesis, interposed to inform us for what pur- 
pose tlie xithenian army had deviated so far from the direct route 
along the sea-shore. It is not to be supposed that the army struck 
the coast at the same point, where they left it to turn off to Beroea, 
but much higher up, and hence enLcrTpeyj/avTeg does not mean, turning 

directly dcocJc^ but turning off towards the sea. ircipdcravres ■= 

(hroTTSLpai/ 7roL7](rdfi€voL. — — Havo-aviov. He was either the son or the 

brother of Derdas. TrapeVXeoz/, sailed along the coast. Kar 

oXlyoj^y leisurely^ lyy sloio marches. Tpiraioi. The first day's 

march probably brought them to Bella, the second to Therme, and the 
third to Gigonus, which Avas about an ordinary day's march, 1:T. W. of 


The Potidffians and their allies encamp on the isthmus (§ 1) ; Aristens is chosen general of 
the infantry, and Perdiccas of the horse (§ 2) ; the plan of the former, to place at Olyn- 
thus the Chalcidians and the allies from beyond the isthmus, and his own army on the 
isthmus to watch the motions of the enemy (§ 3), is disarranged by the forecast of Cal- 
lias, who detaches the Macedonian horse and a party of the allies, to prevent any sally 
from Olynthus, and then marches towards Potidaja (§ 4) ; on arriving at the isthmus 
and finding the Potidroan and Corinthian forces arranging themselves for battle, the 
Athenians form in opposite array and the battle commences (§ 5) ; the wing commanded 
by Aristeus in person is victorious, but the other wing is compelled to retire before the 
Athenians into the city (§ 6). 

1. TTpos 'oXuz/So), near to Olynthus. This, however, appears to be 
so different from the position of the Corinthians, as given in §§ 8- -5 
infra (viz. under the walls of Botid83a on the side that looked towards 
Olynthus), that I am disposed to adopt irpo^ 'OXl>i/Sou {on the side to- 
wards Olynthus)^ the reading of Poppo, Goeller, Kriig., Arnold, and 
Bloomf. I am confirnied in this the more by the epexegetical iv r^ 
la-'^pi^^ which strictly speaking could not have been added, if the 

army of Aristeus had been drawn up near to Olynthus. dyopav 

.... eiT^TTOi-qvTo. This prevented the soldiers from straggling into the 
city, under the pretence of getting provisions, rris noXecos., i. e, 
Potidfsa, not Olynthus. 


Hosted by 


286 NOTES. [BookI 

2. airiorrri^ Tiad revolted^ is the aor. for the pluperf. Of. Mt. § 49T. 

Ols.; K. §256. 3; S. §211. K. 14. aTreo-rrj yap cv'^vs K.r.i. 

This sudden desertion of the Athenians and aUiance with their ene- 
mies, may be referred to the fickleness of Perdiccas, or perhaps to the 
unjustifiable attack on Beroea. dv?i' avrov^ in his stead. Perdic- 
cas was not himself present in the fight. 

8. rj yvcdfirj rod ^Apirrrecos = ro 'ApiCTTcl, eSo^f, and hence exouri 
follows by the constnictio ad sensum. Of K. § 313. 1. a; S. § 287. 2. 

eTTirr^pfLv (cf. III. 37. § 2 ; lY. 42. § 3) imcaa-i, to olserve the 

Atrie7iians if they should advance. For the use of the suhjunctive, 
see N. on I. 26. § 2. e^oa la^fiov. The article is rarely omitted he- 
fore this word, except when it refers to the isthmus of Oorinth. 

The article rrjv belongs to iWoi/ and not to StaKoo-iai^, since no men- 
tion has been made previously of any number. Ilttttov^ cavalry. 

In the same sense we employ the term ho7'se. eVl acjias =. eVi Tr]v 

Hor'ihaiav. Schol. Kara parov^ in the rear. (Sorj^iovvTas Aris- 

teus and his troops. eV fxecrcp Troteli/, to place detween. This 

manoeuvre, had it been successful, would have compelled the Atheni- 
ans to have fought with the Corinthians and Potidaeans in front, 
while their rear was at the same time attacked by the Ohalcidians, 

who were to sally forth from Olynthus. tovs iroX^p.iovs refers to 

the Athenians. 

4. §' au, dut on the oilier hand. MaKebovas has the force of an 

adjective. elpyoxri — iivi^o-q'^elv. The negation after verbs of hin- 
dering, denying, refusing, etc. is more usually strengthened by /X17 

with the infinitive (secN. on I. 80. § 1). rovs eK^i'^ev = rovs iKel 

iKel^eu. Of Butt. § 151. 8. p. 446 ; Mtt. § 596. c (end) ; K. § 300. R. 
8. See also YIII. 107. § 2. The clause may be translated, that they 
might hinder those^ who were there^ from sallying forth to Iring as- 
sistance. avToX d\ i. e. Oallias and his colleagues. dvao-rr)- 

(ravT€s TO crrparoTredov^ having caused the army to decamp = having 

hroJcen up the encampment. eVt rrjv UoridaLav. This shows that 

the Oorinthian army had stationed themselves close to the walls of 
Potidaea. See N. on § 1 supra. 

5. rrpos — iyemvTo^ came to. See 1^. on dicKphijorap tt/jos", I. 18. § 2. 

as is pdxrjv^ i'^ order for dattle. as here denotes purpose. 

Kol avTot^ they themselves also. ov ttoXv va-repov, not long 

after = very soon. This battle was fought a. 0. 432. Olymp. 87. 1, the 
same year (" ineunto quinto mense Attico." Poppo) in which the sea- 
fight at Oorcyra took place. 

6. avTo gives emphasis to Kepas (see IST. on 1. 38. § 2) = the wing 
where lay the chief strength^ or, the strength of the a/rmy (viz.) tlie 

Hosted by 


Chap. LXULJ 



wing commanded 'by ArUtexi^. Opposed to this is ro §' aXKo arparo- 

irebop -infra. kol oo-ol Xoyddes^ hoth he mid as many Corinth' 

ians as were loith him^ and of the rest^ the picJced men. This sentence 

is epexegetical of Kepas. eVe^^XSov bio)KopT€s eVi ttoXv^ advances 

in 2^ursidt a long distance. The participle here contains the leadnig 
idea, advanced pursuing =. pursued. Of. K. § '^10. 4. 1; S. § 225. 8 
— — r€Lxo^ f>f Potidoea. 


Aristeus having returned from the pursuit, forces his way with much difficulty into Poti 
dsea (§ 1) ; at the commencem(;nt of the fight, the Potidaean auxiliaries in Olynthus issue 
forth to aid their friends, but perceiving them to be defeated retire within the walla 
{% 2) ; the Athenians erect a trophy (§ 3). 

1. 63? opa, Uihen he sees. Historical present. S. § 211. iST. 4. 

7]n6pr](T€ ,x'^Pl^^^-) ^^ '^^'^^^ '^'^ doubt in tohich direction (i. e. whether 

towards Potidsea or Olynthus) he should run the hazard of proceeding. 
Between him and Olynthus w^ere the Macedonian cavalry and a de- 
tachment of the Athenian allies (I. 62. § 4), and investing Potidaaa 
"were the 8000 Athenian hoplites and the main body of their allies. 

Both directions were therefore full of danger. eVl r?)? 'OXuVSov. 

See IST. on I. 30. § 2. S' ouv, but hoioever. ovv serves here as a 

particle of reference rn: but as to tha,t matter (i. e. the danger of re- 

treating in either direction). ^vvayayovri. . , .^'^p'-^v.^ lohen (see 

IN", on I. 13. § 6) he had contracted his forces into as small a com- 
pass as possible (ws is iXdxi'O-Tov for is cos iXaxtirrov), in order to 
cut their way in a dense body through the enemy. Some join ws is 
iXaxi-o-rov x^P'^^^ "^'^ Spo'/xo) ^idcraa'^ai and render it tamquam proxi- 
mum locum et minimi intervalli. But the notion of space or distance 
can hardly exist in x^pt'oi/. For as with the superlative, cf. K. § 239. 

R. 2; S. § 159. 5. Spo'/zw ^idcrao-'^aL^ running to force their way 

(r=: to make a rush). S. § 206. 1. frapa ttjv xV^V^i ^^<^'^9 ^^'^ 

brealcwater ; literally, the claw., a name given from the form in which 
it stretched out. The Corinthians could not enter the gate on the 
side towards Olynthus, for then the Athenians would have rushed 
into the town with them ; they, therefore, clambered along the j^ro- 
jecting stone-work, which served to protect the walls next to the sea 
from the force of the weaves, and thus entered by one of the gates on 

Hosted by 


288 IvOTES. [Book! 

the side towards Pellene. In doing this they were exposed to the 
enemy's missiles (cast probably from the blockading ships, of. I. 61. 
§ 5), and thus sustained some loss. See Arnold's note on this passage, 
and cf. Xen. Anab. YII. 1. § 17. Poppo suggests an entrance to the 

town on the side towards the v/ater. dui Trjs ^aXdao-Tjs^ i. e. 

through the water between the pier and the walls, which was doubt- 
less quite shallow. It is strange that any one should connect these 
words with ^aWajxevog (being shot at\ as though the missiles were 
thrown over the interval of water. Yet such is the exposition of 

Bened. cited by Ilaack. okiyovs /xeV rtm?, soine fete, nvas adds 

to the indefiniteness of the number. S. §.165. N. 2. 

2. oi 5' — (Borj^oL^ i. e. the Macedonian horse and the Ohalcidians, 

etc. Of. I. 62. § 3. direxei refers to Olynthus. 8e is causal 

(=zyap).- KaTa(pav€S^ in sigllt^ visihle, '''' v^jrrj\6v yap ro x^^^ptov 6 

"0\vv?ios.^^ Schol. a-qjiela fjp?ir)^ the standard was raised as a 

signal to commence battle. The proper position of these words is, 
therefore, before tJ f^axv iylyvero. ^p^x^ 1^^^ "^h ^ome little dis- 
tance. See E". on § 1 (end). LTnrris of Philip and Pausanias. Of. 

I. 61. § 4. MaKMv€s, See N. on I. 62. § 4. ~ — bia rdxovs = 

Tax^cos. Mt, § 309. G. An adverb in the predicate is frequently to be 
rendered as an adjective. Here it may be translated speedy.^ as though 

in agreement with ^ vlky]. h to reT^o? of Olynthus. ov^e- 

repoLs (dative for the adnominal genitive), i. e. of neither party. ■ 

napeyevovro in the battle. 

3. vTTOG-iTovbovs {= vTTo (TiTovbais)^ uudeT a truce. It was an ac- 
knowledgment of defeat, to demand a truce for burying the dead. 
For the idiom by which an adjective denotes the way or manner, cf. 

K. § 264. 3. c ; S. § 158. 3. dXiyoj iXdacrovs TpiaKocricdv^ a little 

less than three hundred. The comparative is frequently attended by 
words denoting quantity, to show how much more or less of the 
quality expressed by the adjective is intended. Of. K. § 239. K. 1. 

'A?ir]vaLcov de avrcov. In the plain of the Academy near Athens, 

was found the inscription in honor of the Athenians who fell in this 
battle. It was brought to England by Lord Elgin, and is now in the 
British Museum. The first four lines have been lost, with the excep- 
tion of a word or Uvo at the beginning of each line, and the endings 
of the remaining eight are broken off, but have been restored conjec- 
turally by Thiersch and Bockh. This epitaph maybe found in the 
appendix of Sophocles's Greek Yerbs, p. 289. In this battle and in the 
subsequent siege of Potidtea, Socrates greatly distioguighed himself. 

Hosted by 


Chap. LXIV.] K T E S . 289 


The Athenians invest Potid.nea, and circum vallate the side facing the isthnrms (§ 1) ; the 
Athenians at home, on the receipt of this intelligence, send ont fresh troops, who com- 
plete the investment on the side towards Pallene, and thus surround the place on eveiy 
side (§§ 2, 3). 

1. TO d' cK Tov la-'^fjiov rel^os^ the wall on the side of tJie isthmus. 
€K implies that the stand-point of observation was from the side 
towards Olynthus. So below, we have to d' eV tyjv UaXXrjvrju (so. 
r€lxo^)^ and in § 2 (end), r6 ex ttjs ILaWrjvrjg retxos-, the former of 
which refers to a point of observation within the city with the eye 
towards Pallene, the latter, to a position in which the eye was 
directed towards the city from Pallene, or from the side towards 
Pallene. Arnold says that " ck corresponds with our of^ and denotes 
of or belonging to^'^'' of which Poppo says ''male interpretatur Arn, 

exempla diversissima miscens," a7roret;)(;to-ai/re?, walling off^ i. e. 

drawing a line of circum vallation. Of. § 2. infra ; III. 51. § 3 ; 94. § 2, 

et s8Bpe al. h ttjv Ilak'\r]vr]v^ i. e. either a city by this name, or 

the peninsula itself. Probably the latter is meant, as Thucydides 

makes no mention of such a city. drelxicrTov = ovk dTroreixicrrop. 

So in § 2, TeixiC^Lu = a7roT€LxtC^f'V. yiyvo^hoi£ hlxa-, l)&ing dimded, 

Potidaaa occupied this whole isthmus from sea to sea, so that between 
those investing it on the two sides, there could be no communication, 
except through the town or by water. Of. Herodot. YIII. 129 (cited 
by Arnold), where it is said that " the Persians, when besieging the 
place on the side towards Olynthus, endeavored to get across into the 
peninsula of Pallene, by passing over the usual bed of the sea, which 
an extraordinary efflux of the water had left for some time dry." 

2: TTvv'^avoiievoi — ovcrav. Constructed with the participle, ttvi/So- 
j/ecr^ac implies an immediate perception, or if indirect, sure and well 
grounded ; constructed with the infinitive, it implies a perception not 
immediate but derived by hearsay. Of. K. § 811. 6 ; Post, § 129. 4. c. 

€P rfj TToXei., i. e. Athens. • XP^i^w vo-repov^ in time afterwards 

= afterwards. ■ iavrcdv has here its exclusive force, of their own. 

S. § 161. 1 (end). <^opfiia>va. This general, whose name is first 

mentioned here, was one of the most skilful and successful of the 
Athenian commanders, and shone no less by his eminent private vir- 
tues. Pausanias says that he saw the statue of this general, among 
others, in a sanctuary of Diana Brauronia (so called from the town of 

Hosted by 


290 isroTEa (Booti 

Brauron). Of. Leake's Athens, I. p. 146. ■ e^ ^AcfyvrLoi 6piJicofi(:vos. 

i. e. he made Aphytis, a small town below Potideea where he landed, 

the point from which he sallied forth to the seat of the war. Kara 

^paxv-i ^y little and little^ leisurely. Kelpcov^ ravaging. This word 

is usually applied to the cutting down of trees, and hence in general 
to the laying waste of a country. 

3. ovTcosj i. e. in the manner just mentioned. Kara Kpdro^^ loiih 

II their foTce^ or perhaps here, closely,, acerrime as Steph. interprets. 

vavo-Xv is the dative of the agent or instrument. S. § 206. 1. 

. e^op/xovcrats, MocJcading. e^opjaeti/, ''^ stationem adversam tenere^ 



Aristeus advises that all but 500 men should sail away, in order that the provisions in tne 
city may hold out the longer, but this advice being rejected, he himself, the better to 
subserve the Potidaean cause, eludes the vigilance of the besiegers and escapes by se» 
(§ 1) ; he performs several exploits, and with the Ohalcidians lays a successful ambush at 
Sermyla, at the same time sending to Peloponnesus for aid (§ 2) ; meanwhile Phormio, 
having completed the investment of Potidsea, ravages the country of the Chalcidians and 
the Bottiseans (§ 8). 

1. Koi here connects a genitive absolute with the nominative. 

o-Q)Ti;pias' of the Potidseans. aXXo (= aWo'^eu) gives this sense to 

the passage in which it stands : unless some aid should arrive from 
Peloponnesus,^ or something unexj^ected (rrapakoyov^^ teyond calculation) 
from some other quarter. Poppo, Goel., and Blooraf. edit Tvapa \6yov 

as a more primitive form. av^p^ov rTjprja-aon^ having watched for a 

favorable wind. The participle takes the case of roTs- aXXoi?, which 
would have been properly in the accusative, but is put in the dative 

by apposition with avrols, the omitted object of ^we^ovkeve, oncos 

has here its telio (t€\lkS>s) signification, i. e. it denotes the final end or 
purpose ; when the result or upshot is denoted, the sense is said to be 
ecbatic (jK^arLKms). •— — iirX rrXeov (the longer) 6 arlros dvriorxfj' See 

IT. on oTToos — TTpo(nTOir]a€Lav^ I. 55. § 1. rcdv pi€v6vT(ixv elvai,, to he 

of the number of those remaining^ i. e. one of those who remained to 
defend the city. The genitive is employed, because the sense of ehai 

is limited to a part. K. § 273. 3. a; S. § 191. l3ov'\6p€uos ra eVt 

TovTois Trapao-Kevd^eiv.^ wishing to effect that which seemed to be next in 
importance, iiri tovtols denotes a succession of things in time and 
space (K. § 296. II. 1. b). Hence it is used tropically of what is next to 

Hosted by 





te done^ next in importance. oTrcoy to, c^co^ep e^et cos apicrra^ in- 
order fhat the affairs outside (Potidsea) may le in as good a condition 
as possible. This sentence expresses the design of eKTrXovi^. . . .'ASr;- 

i/aicoi/. For the future indicative, see IST. on I. 56. § 2. XaSobi/ r?)^ 

(pvXaKrjj/^ unknown to the guard. 

2. rd T€ aXka eVoXe/xet, he performed other (i. e. other than the 
one here mentioned) warlike exploits. The construction is hke that 

of TToXefiop TToXefxelv. S. § 181. 2. ^epfivXicop Hmits ttj TroXet, and 

TToXkovs refers to its citizens, since it cannot well he referred to the 
Athenians, who have not heen mentioned in the connection. Kriig* 
constructs ^epfivXicop with ttoXXovs. The sense remains unchanged hy 

this construction. — — es re eirpacraev. " A condensed expression 

for is TTjv HeXoTTopvjja-op irefx'^as ETrpacra-ep.'''' Arnold. The construc- 
tion is explained in Ks. on 1. 18. § 2 ; 51. § 8. 

3. ^era dirorcixio-ip^ i. e. after the investment of the city had 

been completed. kol elXe, and some towns he also tooh On 

the phrase eWiv & (some), cf. K. § 331. E. 4 ; Mt. 482 ; S. § 172. I^. 2 ; 
0. §523. 


The Corinthians and Athenians mutually accuse each other in respect to the affair oi 
Potidaea, the dispute not having yet led to open war (§ 1). 

1. ^A'^TjPaloifS and IleXoTTOPPrja-Lois limit Trpoo-yEyeprjvro. atrial 

(see IST. on I. 69. § 7) /xev avrai. The article is omitted, when the pro- 
noun stands as the subject, and the substantive as the predicate of the 
sentence. Of. K. § 246. E. 1. a. — — vols pep Kopcp^toLs. Eepeat men- 
tally TTpoo-yeyiprjPTO alriai is 'ASr^vatois'. iavrcop ovcrav diroiKiap^ 

which was (see N. on opres, I. 8. § 1) their colony. iiroXLopKow 

refers to the Athenians. rols 8" responds to the preceding rots 

jj^^p^ _ TToXti^, i. e. Potideea. dire a-Tr) crap, had caused to revolt. 

in respect to the tense, see IST. on I. 62. § 1. For the verb used causa- 
tively, cf. S. §§ 207. 2; 133 (ia-rr;/iiO, and see I. 81. § 3 ; 104. § 1 ; IT. 

80. § 1 ; III. 31. § 1, et sfepe al. o-^to-ty follows ipdxopro. 

OTTO rod Trpoipapovs = 7Tpo(papa)s. ov ^vpeppayei (from a-vp 

Qrjypvpi), nevertheless the war had not yet IroTcen out, i. e. the Pelo- 
ponnesian war had not actually begun, these acts of hostility being 
only introductory to it. pieproi — ye, nevertheless indeed, is used when 
in reference to what precedes, a thing could not have been expected, 

Hosted by 


292 NOTES. [Boor I 

but yet is so. Of. Jelf's Kiihn. §§ T30. a; 735. 6. Ibla, i. e. in 

their private capacity, and not as members of the Peloponnesian 


These chapters contain the debates in the congress of allies at Sparta, 
iu respect to the complaints made against the Athenians, and are entitled 
^vXXoyos r&v ^vixixdx<^v iv AaKeSal/novi, which Poppo would alter to ^vXKoyos 
Toov AaKedaijjLovooj/ irepl rchv iyKXr}iJLdTcoj/ tS>v ^u^^ax^j^. After an introduction 
(chap. Ql) the Speech of the Corinthians is given (chaps. 61-12); after which 
the historian briefly accounts for the presence of the Athenian embassy at 
Sparta (chap. 78), and reports their speech (chaps. '74-'78); the Lacedaemoni- 
ans then deliberate by themselves (chap. I9)y and are addressed by Archi- 
damns (chaps. 80-85), and by the Ephor Sthenelaidas (chap. 86), after which, 
the vote is taken, and the treaty decided to have been broken (chap. 81). 
This portion contains some of the choicest specimens of a condensed and 
vigorous style, that are to be found in any language. The orations, although 
alike fervid, energetic, and pointed, are yet in perfect keeping with the 
position and design of those who uttered them, the Corinthian speech being 
full of bnrning invective and sarcasm, the Athenian, eminently soothing 
and pacific, while the oration of king Archidamus is replete with maxims of 
profound political sagacity and experience, and that of Sthenelaidas is blunt 
and laconic, almost beyond what might be expected even of a Spartan. 
These characteristics will be more particularly noticed, in the analysis and 
general divisions of the respective orations 


The Coiirithians, enraged at the blockade of Potidaea, exhort the allies to go to Laced^mon, 
whither they also repair and criminate the Athenians as truce-breakers and unjust (§ 1) ; 
the ^ginetse also secretly foment the disturbance (§ 2) ; the Lacedsemonians, therefore, 
summon an assembly of the allies, and all who have any cause of complaint against the 
Athenians (§ 3) ; various accusations are made by the allies, and especially do the Mega- 
reans complain, because they have been excluded from the Athenian ports and market 
(§ 4) ; after which the Corinthians come forward and address the s^sembly (§ 5). 

1. TToXiopKovfjiivrjs be rrjs UoTLbaias^ tut when Potidma- iDCts \ 
C?f. S. § 226. — dvdpcov, . . .SeStoTffy, their own men leiiig m it, and 

Hosted by 


Chap. LXVIL] NOTES. 298 

they also fe(wing for the safety of the place =zfeari7ig for the safety 
of the place and of tlieir countrymen in it. napeKaXovp = ex- 
horted them to go. The verb receives this fulness of signification from 
fV, the preposition of motion which follows. See 1^. on I. 18. § 2. 
— — KaT€(36cov — ' A'^-qpalcoi'^ clamored against the Athenians. Tor the 
genitive after Kara in composition, cf. K. § 292. R. ; S. § 194. IST. 3. 

XeKvKorcs ehv. A participle (or its componnds), and 

ex^^ Kvpeca^ etc. is sometimes used instead of the verb of the participle 
or the sake of emphasis.^ Cf. Yig. p. 117. IX. ; S. § 89. 1. For the 
optative in the oratio ohliqua.^ cf. S. § 218. 2. 

2. SeStdresn decciiise they feared. See I^. on I. 9. § 4. Kpvcpa be. 

Haack and Goel. place a comma after the words, and thus refer them 
to TTpe(j^€v6p.evoL^ sending ambassadors not openly lut secretly. So 
Krlig. also explains it, Hermann ad Soph. El. 1059 thinks that /xeV— 
he in this place are employed, as though it had been written ov fxep 
(jiavepas eTrpea^evovro^ Kpvcpa de Trpea^evopevoi evrjyov. Bauer refers 
evriyov to TrpeajBevofiemt and renders it : suaserunt dellum non [aperte] 
'per legatos sed occulte. But, as Poppo remarks, in that case we should 
have expected the collocation, ov pcev (pave pas irpeo-^evopevoi. I prefer 
to make Kpvcpa qualify evriyov: they did not openly send ambassadors^ 
but secretly did much to urge on tJie loar. fxev and de are used to con- 
nect different sorts of words, as may be seen in the examples cited by 

Mt. § 622. 3. Of. Jelf's Ktihn. § 765. 2. avrovofxoL (having their 

own laws independent). See N. on bovXoL^ I. 84. § 1. ■— — Kara ras anov- 
8(19. There is considerable doubt in the minds of interpreters, to what 
treaty reference is here made, or in what way the independence of the 
^ginetse was guaranteed. The SchoL, whom Bloomf. is inclined to 
follow, thinks that those states whose names were not subscribed to 
the treaty, were regarded as independent, and gives to Kara ras o-ttov- 
das the sense, according to the spirit of the treaty. But it should be 
remembered, that -^gina was conquered by the Athenians six years 
before that treaty (viz. the thirty years' truce), and from this fact, 
together with the secrecy with which, through fear of the Athenians, 
they excited the Laceda3monians to war, it is very evident, that they 
were included in the treaty as evarrovdoL (see IST. on I. 40. § 2) of the 
Athenians, and therefore were not avrovopoi. Od. Milller (^gin. p. 
180) thinks that reference is had to a treaty of alliance, made through 
the influence of the Lacedssmonians, in which the liberty of the Gre« 
cian states was guaranteed by mutual stipulations. Goeller also seems 
to incline to the opinion, that reference is had to that mutual arrange- 
ment of previous jars and discords, which took place at the suggestion 
of Themistocles, before the second Persian invasion, and by which 

Hosted by 


294 IfOTES. [Book 1. 

independence would of course be secured to the ^ginetse. The best 
solution of the difficulty, which I have met with, is that of Krlig. in 
Stud. Hist. p. 192 (cited by Poppo, Suppl. Adnot. p. 127), " quum 
arirovbai^ nisi quid accedat, ubi de belli Pelop. causis agatur, semper 
sint foedera tricennalia, horum lege aliqua LacedaBmonios JEginetarum 
avTovo^ia putat prospexisse." In this thirty years' peace, which I 
cannot doubt is referred to here, some provision, doubtless, had been 
made for the independence of -^gina, although in what manner it 
does not clearly appear. 

3. Trpoo-TTapaKoXeaavres rcov ^vpfxaxcov, having summoned their al- 
lies. S. § 191. 1. The re after ^vfifiaxcov is omitted by almost all 

the recent editors, which makes koX epexegetical (= 7iem^e^ etiam^ 
Poppo), i. e. serving to introduce et ns (tohoe'ce^'), , . .'A^rjvaLcdv^ as 
explanatory of tcov ^vfiiidxcop- If re is retained, then d tls refers to 
other states than those in league with the Lacedsemonians. But 
waving the consideration, that the Lacedgemonians had nothing to do 
with the grievances of other states than those which belonged to the 
confederacy, the suggestion of Haack, that the presence of re would 
lead us to expect et rl ns ciWos^ or et tls ciWos^ makes me prefer its 

omission in the text. — rl oXXo — rj^LKfja'^ai. In the active ddtKeco 

governs two cases, the latter of which is retained in the passive. Of. 
S. § 177. 8. ^vXkoyov — rbv eloi^ora^ the ordinary assemlly. Some- 
times a smaller and more select assembly (J] fxiKpa iKKK-qaia)^ Xen. 
Hellen. III. 8. § 8), consisting probably of the equals {oi oixoloi^ joeers)^ 
was convened, and as Miiller (Dor. II. p. 89) thinks, was chiefly occu- 
pied with the state of the constitution, and to distinguish it from that 
assembly, the one here spoken of has the epithet rov elcc'^oTa. To this 
common or general assembly, all the citizens above thirty years of age 
were admitted. The place of meeting was west of the city of Sparta, 
between the brook Oracion (i. e. Saffron river) and the bridge Ba'byea, 
and the assembly was held in the open air. The Schol. on this passage 
says, that the regular time of meeting was each full moon. Extraor- 
dinary meetings might, however, be called at any time in cases of 
emergency. Of. Mtiller's Dorians, II. p. 90. 

4. wy e/caaroi, set er ally (see N. on I. 8. § 5), each in succession. 

Kal., and especially. See Jelf's Kuhn. (§ 759. 4) on the incressive force 

of Ka/, when preceded by Ka\ aXkoi re, or similar words. ■ • oIk oXlya 

= many. /xaXtcrra Se, and particularly. — — Xifievcdv depends on 

ei/Q-yeo-Sat according to S. § 197. 2. "Why the Megareans were excluded 
from all commercial intercourse with the Athenians, we are not in- 
formed. The words of the decree are found in the Schol. on Aristoph. 
Ban. 273. D, 

Hosted by 


Cn/vp. LXVin.] NOTES. 295 


These chapters comprise the speech of the Corinthians, at the congress of 
the allies in Sparta. The exordium extends to chap. 68. § 2 ; then follows 
the argumentative portion, which extends to chap. 11. § 4, at which place 
the peroration begins. In the argumentative part is, (1) a complaint Ox 
the systematic ambition of the Athenians (chap. 68), and (2) of the supine- 
ness of the Lacedaemonians, which suffered the evil to remain unchecked 
(chap. 69) ; (8) a comparison between the Athenian and Lacedsemonian 
character (chap. 10); (4) an urgent appeal to the Lacedaemonians to bestir 
themselves (chap. 11. % 3). This speech is spirited, pointed, abounding in 
the most bitter sarcasm, mingled with delicate strokes of flattery, and admi- 
I'ably adapted to the purpose for which it was delivered, viz. to exasperate 
the Lacedaemonians asjainst the Athenians. 


The Corintliians begin their oration, by a kind of complimentary complaint of the good 
Mth (r() Tviard}-) of the Lacedaemonians towards one another, which rendered them blind 
to whatever might be said to the prejudice of others, and ignorant also of affairs abroad 
(§ 1) ; on which account, the previous complaints of the Corinthians had been disregarded, 
as though arising from selfish interests ; and no coimcil had been called until they them- 
selves had suffered wrong, whereas none had been so deeply injured as the Corinthians 
(§ 2) ; a long exposition of the unjust acts and ambitious policy of the Athenians is 
unnecessary, since they make no concealment of their deeds, and there are present in the 
assembly those, who are either already enslaved by the Athenians, or threatened with 
the loss of their liberty (§ 3) ; Corcyra and Potidsea are alluded to, as examples in proof 
of the aggressive policy of the Athenians (§ 4). 

1. TO marrov. . . .Ka'^L(rTT]o-i^ the good fait\ which characterizes the 
management of your internal affairs.^ and your pri'cate intercourse^ 
renders you onore incredulous in respect to others (i. e. the other 
Greeks), tohenever any tiling is said (to their prejudice) ; literally, if 
v^e so.y any thing^ but as Bloomf. (cited approvingly by Poppo) re- 
marks, ijv ri Xeyoifiev is nearly equivalent to m whatever is said^ the 
change of person accoiniuodating the dictum generale to the speakers 
themselves, and promoting brevity of expression, ro Tnarov denotes 
an abstract idea, and is employed with the article for the substantive 
(K. § 268. y ; Mt. § 269 ; S. § 158. 2 ; 0. § 449. a. See N. on L 42. § 2). 
Tjjf: Ka"^^ vfias avrovs TroXiremsr is opposed tO ra e^co Trpdyuara at the 

Hosted by 


296 KOTES. [BookI 

close of the section. Poppo, Goeller, and Bloomf., with Kistem., place 
a comma after aina-Torepovs^ and connect is tovs ciWovs with the 
following words : more incredulous in respect to loliat is said against 
others. But the brevity of the construction, as well as the sentiment, 
is marred by such a method of punctuation, and the charge of indefi- 
niteness, which is brought against the common pointing, is removed by 
supplying from the contest Kar avrcov with Xeyco/xei/. — — avTov refers 

to the characteristic of the Lacedgamonians just alluded to. • Gra)c/)po- 

avvrjv^ moderation^ wise caution. Some interpret it here, the demeanor 

of a just and iipright character. clfxa'^La. . . .xpw^^^ ^'^^^ V^'^^ ^^'^'^ 

the more ignorant of affairs a'broad (i. e. out of Laced^mon) = you 
labor tmder greater ignorance in respect to the affairs of other states. 

2. a. , . ,(3\d7TTCG-'^aL^ in what respect we loere a'bout to de injured l)y 
the Athenians = lohat injuries we loere a'bout to receive from the Athe- 
nians. For the construction of a — /SXciTrreo-^at, cf IST. on t\ aXXo— 

T)8iKi]cr?iaL^ I. 67. § 3. Tvepl hv = Trepl iK^ivcDV a. Tr]v ixcC^rjcrLV 

€7TOLela-?i€ = €fxav%iv€T€ (Mt. § 421. Ods. 4) only a little stronger, i/oti 

did not malce the improvement (which you ought). aWa. . . .vtss- 

voelre., but you rather suspected the speahers. Poppo and Goeller make 
roiv \ey6vT(x>v depend on the latter part of the sentence, the formula cos 
XeyovcTL being the same as if it had been written dWa rSiv Xeyoprcop t6 
Xeyeiv €V€K€V r(£>v avrols tfi/a diacfiopcdv VTvevoiire^ you suspected that the 
speaking of the spealmrs arose from private interests^ or, as our idiom 
would demand, you sus2oected the speakers.^ that they sp alee from private 
interest. But there is no difficulty in constructing touv Xeyoz^rooi/ with 

v7T€vo€lT€. Of K. § 278. 5. f ; Mt. §§ 342. 3 ; 296. 3. heKa rS^v 

avrols 181(1 8La(j)6pcc>v^ on account of those things^ which are advantage- 
ous to theTTh apao^tfronn others {z=zfor th^eir private advantage). Ibla is 

used adverbially and may be translated by an adjective. Trdax^i'V^ 

SC. Tjpds. €7r€Lbrj iv t« epyco icrpev =z " ineLbr] fjbr} rw ovtl Trd(r)(op.ep^ 

quo tempore jam injuriam accipimus.''^ Poppo. iv rS epya = in ipso 

articulo perpessionis. Trpoa-r^Ket. , . .exofxev^ toe have the greater 

right (ovx rJKia-Ta z=z pakiara) to spealc^ by as much as loe have the 
greater charges to make. When two superlatives in two different 
propositions, are compared with each other by means of roaovrcp — 
oVo), the former of these words is sometimes omitted, especially Avhen 
the proposition with So-co follows. Of Mt. § 462 ; Jelf 's Klihn. § 870. 
Obs. 1. 

3. d(pave'Ls nov ovres^ being in anywise concealed from vieto = m a 
clandestine manner. — — dv belongs to Trpoo-eSet, there would be need 

of. cos (= utpote) ovK elboa-i (sc. vpiv)^ for you who did not know 

it. Of. S. § 201. K. 4. ■ cov refers to rovrovs or rjfxds the omitted 

Hosted by 


Chap. LXIX.] NOTES. 297 

subject of ^aKp'jyopdp. — Reference appears to be had in SeSovXoa- 
jjievovs to the ^ginetsB, and in rols S' eTn^ovKevovTas avrovs (a varied 
construction for rovs S' hn^ovk^voiievovs)^ to the Potidffians and Mega- 

reans. — — avrovs refers to the Atlienians. ovk ^Kiara. See E". on 

§ 2 supra. — — ^viifxdxotg is in apposition with rols de. e/c ttoXXov 

TTpoTrap€(TK€va(Tjxevovs (so. 6paT€ from the context) • oas o-ypetdoTas ras 
iavTcov apaprtas^ Koi yiyvcdCTKovTas cos ttclvtcos^ ovk dve^op.e'^a^ dWa tto- 

Xe/x7]o-oju-ei/. Schol. ■ et TTore TToXe/XTjo-oi^rat (= future passive. Of. 

Soph. Gr. Verbs, p. 37), if e'cer they should 1)6 loarQ^ed upon. 

4. ov yap . . , . elxop^ for otherioise (i. e. had not their systematic 
design been to enslave Greece), they would not haxe loithdraion Gor- 
cyra (from us) and held it in spite of us. Steph. and Duker think 
that vTTo- here denotes, in a secret^ or underhand manner. For vnoXa- 
Sovres — elxov^ see IST. on 1. 53. § 2 (end). (Bia r]pcdv. Of N. on 1. 43. 

§ 3. hv TO /xez^, tlie one of lohicli.^ i. e. Potidosa. eVre is to be 

supphed in this sentence. irpos ra enl QpaKrjs aTroxprja'^at = Trpos 

TO. inl QpaK.y]s (see IST. on I. 30. § 2) coo-re dnoxprja'^aL rols inl QpaKT]s<f 
tit ^^^enwii fructum 2^^'f''(^il^iatis ex terris 'oestris ad Thraciam sitis, 
GoeUer. Thus also Arnold: so as to give you tlie full Ijenefit of your 

dominion in the neighborhood of Thrace. r] Se, i. e. Oorcyra. — — 

ar TrapeVx^, ■would fumish. 


The Lacedaemonians are "blamed, for having suffered the Athenians to fortify their city and 
build the Long Walls, thus enabling them to enslave even the allies of the Peloponnesian 
confederacy (§ 1) ; their tardiness in convoking an assembly of the allies, and their v.-ant 
of a definite plan are alse reproved (§ 2) ; the crafty and stealthful movements of the 
Athenians will become more open and decided, if they perceive that the Lacedemonians 
know their designs, and yet make no effort to frustrate them (§ 3) ; the Lacedaemonians 
are sarcastically told that they conquer by delay, and seek to fight tlie enemy when their 
strength is doubled (§ 4) ; that the same sluggishness which they manifested in the I'er- 
sian war, charactoiizes their movements in relation to the aggressive policy of the Athe- 
nians, to whose blunders the Corinthians have been indebted more for success, than to 
any assistance from the Lacedaemonians (§ 5) ; an apology is made for the ai)parent 
severity of these charges against the Lacedaemonians (§ 6). 

1. Tcov^c refers to the aggressive movements of the 2\thenians, 

which have been referred to in the preceding obapter. Ka\ vo-repop 

responds to r6 re npccrov in the previous proposition. ra fiaKpa— 

velxr]-, th& long walls. By these v^alls a fortified vs^ay v^as open from 

Hosted by 


298 NOTES. [Book I 

Athens to her three ports, Piraous, Munychia, and Phalerus, of which 
the former was by far the largest and most celebrated, being capable 
of containing 300 ships. The southern wall was built by Themistocles, 
and was 35 stadia long and 40 cubits high. The northern wall was 
built by Pericles, and was 40 stadia long, and of the same height as 
the other. Such was the breadth of these walls, that two Avagons 
could pass each other on the top without coming in contact. Besides 
these two walls, there seems to have been a third or Phaleric wall, 
concerning which, see N. on 11. 13. § 6. — — is T6d€ re aei, ujj to this 

time continually. rovs vfierepovi- — ^vixfiaxovs., i. e. the ^Eginet^, 

Megareans, and Potidssans. ov yap Spa, fo7'' not the one toho 

enslaves (is the principal offender), hut he who^ having the poioer to 
prevent^ loo'ks on (and permits it), is more really the agent of the trans- 
action =: to him^ who does not exert the poioer which he possesses^ in 
preventing one from leing enslaved^ more truly belongs the guilt of the 
transaction^ than to hini^ who actiially perforins the deed. This sen- 
tence confirms the charge made in the preceding rcovbe vfjcels alrLOL^ 
and is therefore introduced by yap confirmantis. See l!!^. on I. 53. § 2. 

avTo., i. e. TO dovXova'^ai. e'lTvep. . ..(peperdi^ if he also {Kai) claims 

for himself the reputation (ttjp d^icoa-Lu) for virtue., as the deliverer of 
Greece. Arnold quotes Hermann ad Viger, N. 310 : " etirep doKd o-ql 
dicimus ei de quo non certo scimus quid ei placeat, aut de quo id 
nescire simularaus. et-ye boKel crot dicimus ei de quo scimus quid ei 
placeat," and remarks that the sense is : if he makes a pretension to 
the merit of being the deliverer of Greece, we cannot sa}^ whether he 
does make it, but if he does, then, etc. eXe^Sepoo), I am a liherato?^ 
as cjievyo) signifies among other things, I com an exile., and z/ihraco, I am 
a conqueror. 

2. judXts-, tcordily. re (for which Poppo would read ye) refers 

to Ka\ ovde vvv^ loth — and also now (that we are met together) not for 
any evident purpose (eVt (pau€po7s). The Schol. explains eVl cjiavepols 
by Km vvv yap a/xc^t/SaXXerai, el aSi/coi;/LieSa, doubtless from the . fol- 
lowing context, Avhich is indeed epexegetical, yet not so as to give the 

sense to eVl (pavepols., assigned it by this Schol. ydp in the next 

clause implies an ellipsis, for (if we had met together for any definite 
purpose) there icould 1)6 no need to inquire., whether we heme leen in- 
jured or not (the proof of it being so clear and abundant), lut in tohat 
manner (Ka?i' on., i. e. /caS' 6^ri) we may avenge ourselves. On the mat- 
ter here complained of by the Corinthians, Poppo remarks: "Etenim 
conventos sociorum non a Lacedsemoniis hoc ipso conciho, ut helium 
decernerent, indictus erat, sed Oorinthiis auctoribus multi legati Spai*- 
bam venerant." Of. I. 67. § 1. ol yao, . . . irrepxai/Tai., for these 

Hosted by 


Chap. LXIX.] NOTES. 299 

(i. e. the Athenians) acting from plans already formed^ are now attacJc* 
ing^ and not alout to attaclc those^ loho lia'Ge come to no decision. After 
examining with care all the interpretations, which this difficnlt passage, 
has received, I have convinced myself, that the above is the true 
translation, although others will perhaps think differently. Bloomf. 
qnotes Goeller's interpretation, by w^iich bpcovres is made to denote 
the cause of l3€^ovX€Vf.ih'oi = " decided because tq:) and doing!'"' But it 
seems to me more natural to make (^el^ovXevfjievoL the cause or ground 
of the action expressed in dpccvres. Such a translation also meets more 
fully the antithesis, which exists between (Se^ovkeviievoL and ov Sieyi/co- 
Koras. I concur with Poppo in regarding oi as put for the demonstra- 
tive pronoun, instead of the article belonging to dpcovre^^ since in tbat 
case we should suppose tbat lidiKa would have been added, or that it 
would have been ol yap dbLKovvres. The reade-r will easily perceive an 
antithesis between rjdr] — iTripxovrai and ov fieXkovras (so. errepx^cr^iai). 

3. /ca/, yes^ indeed. — — Kar okiyov. . . .rreXas = hy little and little 

tliey encToacli upon their neiglibors. Xav'^aveiv. . . . u/xcoz/, when they 

thinlc (see N^. on I. 13. § 6) they escape detection through your inatten- 
tion. Betant explains to dpala-'^rjTov (see N". on to ttlo-tov^ I. QS. § 1), 
stupor^ negligentia. The expression is intended to be somewhat se- 
vere, yet should not be translated stupidity^ a term far too offensive 
to have suited the purpose of the Corinthians, which was to sting, but 
not to provoke to anger their powerful auxiharies, the Lacedaemoni- 
ans. That the word denotes simply uno'bser'Gance^ want of attentidn^ 
is also seen from its antithesis with elhoTas in the next sentence. The 
general sentiment is this : as long as the inactivity of the Lacedcemo- 
n^c„.ib, m respect to the unjust acts here complained of, was found to 
result from inattention or want of knowledge, the Athenians adopted 
a cautious and timid policy; but now, when they know (as they must 
hereafter) that it arises from a disregard and negligence, which the 
most certain intelligence cannot affect, they will press on more vigor- 
ously and courageously in the work of enslaving their neighbors. 

4. yap may refer to tcr;^i;pcoff iyKelo-ovTai, the ellipsis being : (and 
no wonder) for you alone of the Greeks.^ etc. ; or it may introduce the 
proof of the foregoing proposition = your indifference and inattention 
is plainly seen, for you alone^ etc. I prefer the former interpretation, 

as being more simple and natural. Tjj pcXkrjcrei^ " hy threatening 

demonstrations. p^eW-qcn^ implies the holding the stick constantly 
lifted up, but never striking." Arnold. " Proxime sequentia docent, 
-runctatione^n Lacedsemoniorum argui, quippe qui putarent, cunctando 
^^em posse restitui ; quare eos desides potius, quam cantos et providos 
(do-c^aXeis-) perhibent Oorinthii." Haack. fxovoL. Repeat 'EXXy- 

Hosted by 


300 KOTEB, [Boon I 

v(xiv. — —— dpxojjievfjv TTjv av^rjcriv^ " the incipient increased Bloomf, 

dnrXaa-Lovfievriv belongs to ttjv av^iqcnv in the modified sense of 

strength. It is not easy to find a specimen of more bitter sarcasm, 
L-lian is contained in this section. Its effect ">n tlie Lacedoamonians 
must have been highly exasperating. 

5. KalroL. o . .€KpdT€L^ and yet (notwithstanding your remissness) 
youioere spoJcen of as heing sure (i. e. firm and trusty friends), Itct tlien 
the report of this {hv = rov dcr(j)a\e2s clvai) exceeds the thing itself i. e. 
the fact as it really is. ^' apa is used to denote something which has 
come suddenly arid unexpectedly upon the mind, so as to produce sur- 
prise and wonder thereat." Jelf 's Kiihn. § T89. 4. Bauer and Poppo, 
however, take apa in the sense of ut nunc apparet^ and hv (i. e. Trrpl 
hv. Mt. § 342. 1) 6 \6yos^ they render, fama de voois. Goeller also 
refers it to the Lacedeemonians. But cf. Jelf 's Klihn. § 820. 01)s. ; Mt. 
§ 439, where examples are cited to show, that hv is a neuter relative 
referring to a previous sentence, rov epyov iKparei. Kuhner (§ 2T5. 
c) ranks this with the causal genitive, inasmuch as a ruler necessarily 
supposes a subject, and a subject a ruler. But I prefer with Matthiso 
(§ 359. Obs. 1) to take Kpareiv in the sense of Kpelaaco elvat^ and thus 
to refer the genitive to the idea of comparison contained in the verb. 
S. § 198. 2. — yap introduces two examples of the procrastinating 
spirit of the Lacedfemonians. It is therefore yap confirmanitis. Of. 

E". on I. 53. § 2. rov — MrjSov, the Mng of the Persians^ just as 6 

*ApiJL6VLos and 6 'Ao-avpios in Xen. Oyrop. are put for the Armenian 
king., and the Assyrian king. That Xerxes instead of Darius Hystas- 
pis is referred to, is evident from eVi Tr]v UcXgitovvi^o-ov^ which could 
not be applied to the first Persian invasion, as that was directed 
against Athens. — — €k Trepdrcovyrjs^ from the extremities of the earth. 

A similar hyperbole is foimd in Matt. 12 : 42. d^lcds is added, 

because of the inadequacy in numbers of the forces first raised and 

sent out under Leonidas to Thermopyla3. TvpoaTravTrja-at is put 

after Trporepov — rj. S. § 223. 3. - — — eKelvov refers to the Persian king. 
Trepiopdre. See N. on I. 24. § 6. dvrl rod eVeXSeii/ avrot^ in- 
stead of you yoursehes invading. K. § 308. 2. b. For the nominative 

with the infinitive, cf. Mt. § 586. iTnovras depends on dfivvea-^ai. 

— - is Tvxas .... Karao-rrjvai, to expose yoursehes to fortune (=: the 
chances of war) dy contending loith them^ lohen tJiey are much stronger 
(than they were at first). For the construction of ayoj^i^o/ie.vo?, see 

IST. on I. 9. § 4. eirtcrrdiJicvoL (see N". on ovres^ I. 7. § 1) — acpaX^vra. 

When followed by the participle eTrlo-raa'^aL and ddevai signify to 
hnow^ by the infinitive, to Jmoio how to do something^ to he alle. Of. K, 
§ 311. 2. — — neoi avrS^ hy himself i, e, by his own fault. The Schol. 

Hosted by 



refers tins particnlarly to the battle at Salamis. to. nXt !a), for the 

most part. — rrpos avrovs rovs ^A'^rfvatovs = ev tS rrokefia^ rfo irpos 

avrovs tovs ^A.'^rjvaLov^. - — — noXXa =: ttoWcikls. rjfjias^ i. e, the 

Corinthians a,nd their allies. to7.s aiiaprii}iacnv^ ty tlieir errors^ 

Ijlunders. ■ TTepLyeyevTjjjievovg depends on eVitrra/xevoi. — — dcf) rjpa)v. 

Bekker, Poppo, Goeller, and Arnold edit d(f/ vjxoav^ referring it to the 

Lacedaemonians, who were not included in the preceding r^pas. - 

'^Vei. See W. on I. 12. § 1. ai ye vp^repai eXTTiSes", the hopes placed 

in you. On these words Haack remarks : brevius et obsciirius dic- 
tum pro al iXrrides ripopias rtvos dcj) vpcov. The possessive pronoun 
stands here for the objective genitive. Of. Jelf 's Kiihn. § 652. 01)8. 6 ; 

S. § 162. Tipas "fortasse ad Euboeenses, I. 114. spectat, saltern ad 

Potidasatas, 1. 58. Idem postea accidit Mytilenseis, III. 2, et seq." 

Poppo. Bui TO TTidTevcrai is to be taken with aTrapacrKGvovs. 

6. prjbeh vpQ)v = voi^dar)^ let no one of you thinlc. S. § 218. 3. • 

iii ex'^pq-i from enmity. ro nXeov rj alrla — and not rather in the 

wooy of remonstrance. alrla in the sense of reprehension., Mame^ 

is here opposed to Karrj-yopia^ accusation., crimmal charge. ~ (pLkcov 

dvdpcou. The Schol. supplies Kard^ but there is no necessity, as it is 

the objective genitive after alrla. dpapravovrcov^ who have erred 

(see K on I. 8. § 1), is opposed to ddLKrja-dvTcov. 


The orator, after slightly apologizing for the tone of rebuke in which the Corinthians in» 
dulged, on the ground that they had been the greatest sufferers, charges the Lacediemoii- 
ians with being ignorant of what sort of people the Athenians are, and how widely 
different from themselves (§ 1) ; the Athenians are fond of innovations, quick to invent 
and execute, the Lacedaemonians are content with present things, slow to plan, and ac- 
complish only what is absolutely necessary (§ 2) ; those are bold and confident, these 
cautious and distrustful (§ 3) ; those are restless and continually roaming abroad in order 
to gain something more, these are procrastinators and timid in respect to the enlargement 
of their possessions ; they pursue their advantages to the utmost, and maintain their con- 
iidence even in defeat (§ 4) ; their bodies are employed in the service of the state, as if 
they belonged wholly to others, but their minds they use as most peculiarly their own, 
to promote her welfare (§ 5) ; while they regard themselves as deprived of what is their 
own, by failing to secure the object of their aim, their ambition to acquire is never sat- 
isfied with present gain, and every loss is repaired by the confident expectation of some- 
thing else in its place (§ 6) ; of all men, they have the least enjoyment in what they 
possess, and deem it a great evil to be inactive (§ 7); in short, they neither enjoy rest 
themselves, nor suffer others to enjoy it (§ 8). 

1. Kal dpa^ moreover^ iesides. e'lirep nvls Ka\ aXXot, if any 

others :=zif any 'body else. Benedic, in order to rid the Oorinthi- 


Hosted by 


302 NOTES. [Book I. 

ans of the charge of too much arrogance, separates roU TreXas by a 
comma from ^p•6yol' (blame) irrev^yKelv^ and snppHes viuv. But upon 
what then can rots neXas depend? It is evident that under the in- 
definite term to2s TreXa?, the Lacedgeraonians are referred to. - — -• 
aXkcos, . . . KaSeo-roor<Jt)z/, especially lolien such great interests are in'ool'ced. 
Twu dtacpepoPTcoj^. Of. II. 43. § 5; YI. 92. § 5. "Loquitur de ingeni- 
orum moruraque disoriraine, quod inter Athenienses et Lacedsam&nios 
ohtinebat." Haack. But such an anticipation of what is just about 
to be brought forward in so natural and easy a w^ay, is certainly very 
anhke what might be expected from such a writer as Thucydides. 
And besides, we shouhl have expected diacpopoiv instead of biacfyepov- 

Tcov^ and also the explanatory adjunct vpLcbv kcu rav 'A^irjvaloiv. 

r)fuu ye, to US at least (however you may have appeared to others), 

iTotice this restrictive use of ye. ouS' earai^ nor ever to have 

considered what soi^t of persons the Athenians are^ against whom you 
will ha^e to contend.^ and how m%ic\ yes (Kal)^ how entirely they differ 
from you. otovs — ^A^irjvaLovs ovras = olol elo-iv 'A^rjvaioi rrpos ovs., by 
attraction of the relative. K. § 332. 7 ; S. § 175. d. vfuv is to be con- 
structed with 6 dycbv ear at. 

2. ye in ol /xeV ye denotes the reason of what has just been said. 
Of. Jelf 's Kiihn. § 735. 4. The comparison between the Athenians 
and Lacedasmonians, which now follows, has ever been regarded as a 
masterpiece of its kind, and has been often imitated by subsequent 
writers. The antitheses are all pointed and well balanced, the com- 
parisons are bold and striking, and the delineation of these rival states 
is so accurate and v/ell drawn, that it needs only to be once looked at, 

to be forever impressed upon the mind. vecorepoTroLol., ^'■projectors 

of novelty.^'' Bloomf. ; '■'■ revolutionary .'^'^ Liddell and Scott. Of. Midler's 
Dorians, II. p. 4. eTnvorjcrai o^els^ quich to devise^ of quiclc indention. 

See N. on I. 50." § 5 (end). eTTLreXeo-ai epycp.^ to aGcomp)lish indeed 

=z to carry into execution. — ~ 6 = eKelvo 6. viieh de. Supply 

txai/oi, or some such adjectiv^e from the preceding 6^e2s. errLyvSyvaL 

ii7]dev^ to devise nothing new (" excogitare non aliquid novi.^^ Betant) 
literally, nothing in addition to tlie present. This expression is op 
posed to the preceding imvoTJo-at. So also epyco — e^iKea^ai {to accom- 
p)li8h^ execute) is antithetic to the foregoing emreXeo-ai epyco. 

3. KOL irapa bvvajxiv^ even beyond their strength.^ " supra vires.^'^ 

Betant. napa ypSfjirjv^ " beyond the lijiiits of prudence.'^'' Bloomf. ; 

'-'•'prcBter animi voluntatem.'^'^ Poppo. eveXTi-ibes., of good hope^ 

cheerful. to he vpierepov, it is your metliod. "The possessive 

pronoun in the neuter is sometimes put for the personal pronoun.'' 
M^t. § 466. 3. Here it stands with Trpa^ai, for vfiels with the finite 

Hosted by 


Ohap. lxx.] notes. 303 

verb. Of. Jelf's Kiiliii. § 436. Ols. 1. r^? re TrpS^at, ^''not to 

act up to your ^^owers?^ Liddell and Scott. Poppo thinks that the 
idea of comparison hes in eVSea, so that it may be translated, to acliieve 

less than you heme the aMlity to do. rrjs re ypoofxr]£ — rols ^e^alots 

=z TTJ ^e^ala yvcoixj]. Of. Jelf 's Kiihn. § 442. a. rcov re beivcou 

depends on aTroXv'^rja-eo-'^ai (sc. vfxas)^ you will de released from. 
This clause answers to eVt rots- b^ivois eveXinbes supra. 

4. Kol fjirji/ Kal^ and furthermore.^ and indeed also^ is often used 

when some new point in the discourse is taken np. Trpbs vfids 

fieXXijrds^ in cofiiparison loith you lingerers. Of. I. 69. § 4. airo- 

drjfjLaraL^ roa.mers^ peregrinators. To this iv^rniordrovs is opposed. ■ 

TTJ aTrovo-la av n /cracrSat, that 'by their al)sence they may acquire some- 
thing. Absence on military expeditions is here referred to, inasmuch as 

T^ dirovo-ia is opposed to r<a eTreX^ielv^ dy invading (others). vfieh. 

Supply oU(T^€L from the context. ra eroTfia (= ra vTrdpxovra) refers 

to that which is ready at hand (see N", on I. 20. § 3), and hence is 

easily applied to possessions already acquired. rcov ix^pcov depends 

on Kparovvres. i^epxovrai. Abresch supplies to Kparelu^ longissime 

mctoriam perseguuntur^ or avrovs^ hostes ulciscuntur. Bauer, whom 
Poppo follows, more correctly takes i^epxovTai in a neuter sense, lon- 
gissime progrediuntur.^ i. e. they push forward and occup}^ much terri- 
tory, and thus enjoy the fruit of victory, in i\dxicrrov (=: ovbe 

iXdxt(TTop. Schol.) belongs to duaTTLTTTovanv. This verb signifies to de 
dis^nrited^ dejected^ the metaphor being taken from the motion of a 
rower, who inclines backwards as he pulls the oar (Xen. (Econom. 
YIII. § 8), or from a man falling backward from a cliariot (Soph. 
Elect. 729), and hence by an easy transition it is applied to mental de- 
pression. Some, however, take the verb here in the sense of recedunt. 

5. ert §e, and moreover.^ and besides. aKkoTpKurdroi^^ as if be- 
longing wholly to others.^ so insensible to pain do they seem, and so 
regardless of hardship. akKorpiQardrois =z Mare chai aXXorpLcorara^ or 
coa-Trep ovotlp aXXorpLcdTdroLs. The commentators cite Greg. Naz. p. 41, 
where he says, that the martyrs bore with cheerfulness their suffer- 
ings, (ocnrep iv dXXoTpiocs acoiiaaLv ; and Isocrat. ap. Pint, de Glor. 
Athen. tovs iv Mapa^^covL TrpoKLvdvvevoi'Ta^^ cocnrep aXXorplais y\rvxcLis 
cj>T](ras ivayoiVLa-acr'^ai. To which citations Bloomf. adds Joseph. 1253. 
10. KOL rcis '^j/vx^is X'^'^P'-^^^'^^^ ^'^^ '^^^ (rcL)[jidrcL)i^ diKporepoLs ccs dXXo- 

rpiois expMVTo. By the force of the antithesis rjj ypSfir] 8e olKeLordrj] 
has this sense, hut they use their mind as most especiallg their oimi^ 
V, e. they employ their mi^d with the most perfect independence, in 
projecting new plans for the aggrandizement of their state. The gen- 
eral argument is, that although the Athenians yielded up their bodies 

Hosted by 


304 KOTES. [Book i 

to tlie service of their country, as freely as if they did not belong to 
them, yet in the exercise of their judgment, they were free and inde- 
pendent,, and invented each for himself new modes of advancing the 
interests of their city. 

6. a /.tei/ civ^ lolmtemv. av with the relative and subjunctive be- 
longs to the relative, to wliich it gives . indefiniteness. Of. Jelf's 
Xiihn. § 828. 2. For the construction of the relative, cf. Mt. § 4-81. 
Ohs. I. eis- e/ceiya is omitted after egeXSoocriv, and is the antecedent of 
a. oiKfia crrepecr'^aL. Some editions have OLKeloav. But o-Tr]pftV 

often takes two accusatives. Gl K. 280. R. 3; Mt. § 418; S. § 184. 

N. 2. oKlya. . . . wpa^avTes^ tliey tliinlc (rjyovvrai^ to be supplied from 

the preceding context) that lohat tliey have chanced to ^yerform is small^ 
compared loith lohat they are ahout to achieve (irphs ra fieXkovra) . Con- 
struct Tvxelu with 7rpd^avT€s (S. § 225. 8), and consider the omitted 
object of Trpd^avTes as the antecedent of a. Some take irpa^avres as an 
infinitive after rjyovvrm^ and make ra iJieXkovra rvx^'i^v (or eKeTm q)u 
fieXXovcTL Tvx^lv) equivalent to ra pLeWovra yeprjcrecr'^aL or ^vp[3aiV€LU. 
But ijyela^ai is not among the verbs which are followed by a partici- 
ple in place of the infinitive (cf. Mt. § 534. b ; K. § 310) ; and besides, 

neither of these equivalents can be put for rd pLeXXoura rvx^li^- ' 

/ca/, even. rov^ i. e. nms. Tretpa limits acj^aXcocnv. dvTeXnl- 

o-avres aWa^ hy hoping (see N". on I. 9. § 1) other things in its steady 
i. e. as a compensation for their misfortune. • — — iirXrjpoycrav has the 
sense of the present to express customary action. Of. K. § 256. 4. b \ 

S. § 211. IsT. 2. exova-L. . . .iTTLi^orjcrcdori^ they have and hope for •what- 

ever they are planning in Wke manner.^ i. e. they possess as soon as tliey 
wish ; they have and wish at the same time, so rapid are they in the 
execution of what they have determined upon (Sta ro raxelav k. t. X.). 
The Schol. notices, as the order of the states of mind and acts here 
spoken of, p)km^ expectation.^ action^ ptossession. a=z6Kelva a. So o3P (in 
the next clause) = eKelvo^v a, the antecedent depending on eTrtx^Lprjcriv. 

7. KOL . . . . p^ox^ovai^ and through all their lives^ they toil at a>ll 
these things with labor and danger. pcox'^ovaL is here followed by 

raiira as its cognate accusative. See N. on I. 5. § 2. dia ro 

del Kraor^ai furnishes the reason, why the Athenians have little en- 
joyment in their possessions, viz. lyecanse they are contimially Imsy in 
acquiring more. — — KaX. . . .rrpd^aiy and they consider notliing else a 
festive day.^ than to do something necessary ; or more freely, they re- 
gard no day as a festive one^ l)ut that in which tliey are engaged in 
some necessary hitsiness^ i. e. they make it their highest amusement, to 
be occupied in the business which they have on hand. The Schol. 
iays that allusion is had to the opposite conduct of the Spartans, who 

Hosted by 


Chap. LXXL] KOTES, 305 

in the time of their festivals (e. g. at the Hyg^cinthia and Oarnea), ab- 
stained from active war. Of. Mailer's Dorians, II. p. 259. j)(rv- 

xlav. Eepeat mentally r^yao-Sat, which here and in the preceding 
section is followed by two accusatives. Of. K. § 280. 4 ; S. § 185. 
8. et Tis — ^vvikcbv (paiT]^ if one should . sjjealc hriefly --= to sj^eah 

Iriefiy^ to say in a loord. avrovs is the subject of irecj^vKevai. 

The subject of exetv is the avrovs immediately preceding it. idr. 

Repeat exeiv rjcrvxiav. 


The Lacedemonians are charged with hesitation, although opposed by such a state, and 
with the erroneous notion that safety consists not in promptness to avenge an injury, hut 
in doing no harm to others, and in receiving no injury in self-defence (§ 1) ; such a policy 
was unsuited to the present times, and useful only in states enjoying tranquillity under 
the influence of unchanged institutions, whereas the Athenian customs were formed on a 
model entirely new (§§ 2, 3) ; the Lacedtenionians are therefore exhorted to succor the 
PotidjBaus, by an immediate irruption into Attica, unless they wished the Cm-inthians 
and their other confederates to seek some other alliance (§ 4), which in such circum- 
stances they could do without the guilt of perfidy (§ 5); but to which course they 
would by no means resort if they were aided (§6); wherefore they should deliberate 
well, in order that the Peloponnesian confederacy may suffer no diminution from their 
hands (§ 7). 

1. TavTTjs. . . .TToXecos-, yet altJiougTi (see K. on I. 7. § 1) sucli a state 

is arrayed against you. ravTrjs—TOLavT-qs^ this — of such a sort = 

this^ so formidable. koI oteo-'^e rr^v rjavxiav K. T. X. In this pas- 
sage there is some obscurity from the position of ov, and the want of 
conformity to the preceding structure in the closing words, t6 'co-op- 
vefieve^ which, as Haack and Goeller observe, should have been dXXa 
KOL iK6LP0LS — ot av iivL TO) iiT] XvTTelv — TO tdov vefKoai^ as though tlie 
sentence had commenced with ical ovk o'Ua^e rrjv rjo-vx^iv tovtoh; — ■ 
apKclv. The irregularity of construction, however, renders the sen- 
tence more emphatic, by avoiding the construction with the relative 
(€i<€LvoLs — ot av — vefKoa-t). In respect to the words in detail, rovroh 
limits dpKeh (stqypetere^ pennanere. Betant). — — rSiv av'^pcdnoov is the 
genitive denoting the whole after rovrois^ to those of men = to those 

men. ■ eVl TrXelarou is not, as Reisk. translates, qtiam maxime, but 

longissime. So Arnold : they enjoy ^^ the longest peace. t^ irapa 

TKevfi^ as opposed to rfi yvcop^T]^ is to be taken nearly in the sense of 
ro) epyo). So Levesqu. renders it : dans les enterprises. The word 
ased, doubtless, to denote the apparatus of war, sufficiently great to 

Hosted by 


306 J^OTES. [Book! 

repel any aggression of rights, and yet not employed in the prosecutiou 
of unjust enterprises. Bloomf. adheres to the translation given in his 
first edition, in [vitse] institutioiie. Arnold paraphrases the passage, 
and pays no special attention to the word, wliich has received diflfer- 

ent shades of translation from almost every annotator. r]v ddiKcop- 

rai is to be taken with einTpeyj/ovTes^ and not with dr^XoL oxtl as Gotth 
supposes. For the personal instead of the impersonal construction of 
drjXoL, see IST. on I. 93. § 2. In respect to the use of the future parti- 
ciple e7rtrpe\|/oi^Te9, to express the existing fact of something about to 

happen, cf. Jelf's Kiihn. § 681, Ois. eVl vefxere^ you deal justly 

(i. e. practise what is just) on this 'princi'ple (eVt) not to injure others^ 
and to receive no injury yourselves in self-defence. The sense of ju?) — ■ 
re and KOL — /x?7 is here, not only not — hut also not^ which gives em- 
phasis to the second member, in wdiich lies the reproach. Bloomf., 
after Bredow^, Miill. and Goell., gives to eVi rS jjcr) Xvnelv — to tcrop 
vefxere the sense : ye malce justice consist in the not doing injury. But 
this, as Bloomf. himself acknowledges, is not supported by the usus 
loquendi^ and how could the Corinthians blame them for entertaining 
such an idea of justice ? eVi here denotes a principle or condition of 

action. Of. K. § 296. II, 3. b. ajjivrnfievoL belongs to fjLj) (BXaTrre- 

crSat as a participle of means (see N". on I. 9. § 1). The idea is, that 
the Laceda3monians never suifered themselves to. be harmed in self-de- 
fence, and were unwilling to run any hazard in repelling aggressions. 
It is singular that Bloomf. should translate this clause : i7i re2:)elling in- 
jury 80 as not to de harmed^ inasmuch as promptness in repelling in- 
jury was the very thing to which the Corinthians were inciting the 
LacedEemonians, and no fault could surely be found Avith them in doing 
this in such a way as to receive little or no harm. This translation 
also makes the antithesis to lie in jxr] Xvirelv and dfj^vvoixevot //?}, where- 
as it evidently is to be found in fii) XvTrelv and ^r] fSkdnT€a-'^ai. In 
few places is more difficult Greek to be found than in this section. 

2. oixola.^ i. e. of like peaceful institutions and character. A Scho 
liast explains this : 6jjioyvK>iiovL. Poppo and Bloomf. prefer the expla- 
nation of another Scholiast : t« 'iaa ^rjXovcrrj., SC. e7rLTr]bevjJiara. 

iipTL evhri\<x>(Tafi€V. Of. vfiels , . * , }ir]hev., I. 70. §2. - — — dpxaLorooTTa^ 

ohsolete^ antiquated. irpos avrovg (i. e. rvpos ra avrobv), in com- 

2?arison with their institutions. Of. Mt. § 453 ; S. § 202. 2. K 1. 
Stepli. very justly elicits from the preceding proposition and adds to 

this, the clause nous av tovtov rvyxdvoire. — dvajK-q .... Kparelv is a 

brief expression, says Poppo, for dvdyKr] he del {koI ev rois eTnrrjdev- 
aaai) ra iTnyiyv6p,€va Kpareiv^ cocnrcp re^yT^s del rd €Tnyiyv6p.eva {those 
tMngs which are latest) Kparei. The genitive rexvrjs (= iv rfj rexyri) 

Hosted by 


Chap. LXXI.J NOTES. 307 

depends on ra imyLyroiieua to be supplied from the context, and not 
on dta or rrepi^ as Bloomf. supposes. 

8. rjavxa-Coyo'D j^ez^ iroXeL (to a city indeed in a state of rest) limits 

apiara^ the copula ecrrtz/ being omitted. S. § 150. 4. irpos iroWa 

—Uvai^ ^^multis negotiis i7npUGare.''\ Poppo. eVt nXeov vpcbv = 

enl irXeov tS)v v}xoc>v^ or iiv\ rrXeov rj to. VjxodV^ since ra rcov 'A'^rjpmcov 
precedes. Goeller. 

4. /xexpt. . . .jSpaSuTj]?, tJiiis far (and no further) let your sluggish- 
ness go ; " let your sluggishness have reached its full limits?'' Crosby, 
§ 577. Arnold puts p^x?^ f^^^ ^^^ rovde oopla'^o) for pexpL rovde rrpo- 

eX^ovaa ep^avra wp/crSco. The Chalcidians, Bottiseans, etc. are 

referred to in rols re ciXkoLs. Kara rdxos iorjSaXovres^ ly maldng a 

speedy irrup)tion. See N. on I. 9. § 1. Kriig. constructs Kara rdxos 
with ^orpr](Tare. — — Iva has here its telic sense. See N. on I. 65. § 1. 

ivyyevfis. The Potidssans were a colony of Corinthians, and, as 

belonging to the great Doric family, were also kinsmen of the Lace- 

d83mohians. Trphs erepav riva ^vfxpaxiav^ i. e. the alliance of the 

Argives, who were hostile to the Lacedsemonians. 

5. bpcopev 8' av. The optative with av is used per modestiam. So 
m English, we should do (in case we performed the act) is a less offen- 
sive mode of expression, than loe shall do^ assmiiing that the thing is 
to be certainly done (cf. K. § 260. 4. a; S. § 215. 3). The protasis is 
here contained in the adverb ovroos^ which may be mentally supplied 

from the context. Of. K. § 840. 1. ivpos 3ea)z/, in the estimation of 

the gods. Of. Xen. Anab. 11. 5. § 20. rodv opKLwv = who preside 

over oaths. So we find the god of war^ the god of eloquence^ meaning 

the deities who preside over war and eloquence. ala^ampeuccv is 

generally taken in the sense of aX(j?ir]aiv exovrcav =z (ppopliJicov (who are 
cap)al)le of feeling and odse7wing. Arnold), inasmuch as it would be 
very harsh to supply a pronoun referring to oaths, which have only 

been incidentally alluded to in 3ea>i/ roiv opKicov. Xvovcn has its 

subject in ol — Trpoo-iovres = iKeivoi oi Trpoo-iacnv. S. § 225. 1. 8i 

iprjulav, through desertion^ dy reason of their atandoned estate. ol 

fjixi (Sorj'^ovvres. Repeat Xvovai. oh = eKelvoLS ols. 

6. j3ov\6p€Pcov (if you are willing) contains the protasis, as does 
also pera(3aXk6fi€voL in the next clause. The protasis is often thus 

found in the participial clause. Cf. S. § 225. 6. jxevovpev in your 

alliance. orna. " This word, like 8ac&i\ in Latin, has two appa- 
rently opposite significations : ro octlov Kal ro dUcaop^ what is p)^oii3 
toioards heaven and just towards men^ and again, oo-ta Kal Upa^ things 
profane and things sacred. The first is the original sense of the word ; 
and its second signification arises frcm this, that those things which 

Hosted by 


308 NOTES. [Book 

may piously be touched or used, are those which are not sacred ; i. t^ 

which are profane." Arnold. ^wrpeorrepovs^ more congenial (to 

us) in habits. ' 

7. IlekoTrovvqa-ov rrapedocrav^ ^'- stuclete Feloponneso ita prceesse^ 

ut ea non minor sit quam^ etc." Poppo. Keil. thinks that eXao-o-ca 
e^rjyela-^SaL is briefly spoken for iXdo-crco Karao-TTJo'ai ^^rjyovjiivovs. 
Miiller (Dorians, I. p. 198. IST.) translates i ^7]y elcr'^aL^ ad Jlnein (ef-) 
vrcesitis^ i. e. (as Goeller thinks) 7:>6»'?to facite^ ut 2^'i'(^^sitds. To Haack 
the sense appears to be, '' expeclire Peloponnesum ex eo discrimine^ quo 
nunc implicatq est.^ sociis quihusdam propter mettmi ad aMam socie- 
tatem defecere conantilus^ But ifc does not appear that any of the 
confederated states were attempting to revolt at this time, and Thucy- 
dides has nowhere, to my knowledge, employed e^rjyelcr^aL in this 
sense. I prefer, therefore, Poppo's explanation, as best answering 
the verbal demands, as well as those of the context. The general 
guidance and direction was not exercised, as Duk. supposes, over all 
Greece, but only over Peloponnesus. 


An Athenian embassy happening to be at Sparta, and liearing the charges brought against 
their state by the Corinthians, judge it proper to respond a few things concerning the 
power and resources of their city, that tlms the Peloponnesians naight be less inclined to 
war (§ 1) ; presenting themselves, therefore, to the Lacedsemonians for this purpose, and 
leave being granted, they commence their oration (§§ 2, 8). 

1. Tcbv be ^ K'^-qvalcdv €tvx^ yap Trpea-^eia. The construction is some- 
what irregular, there being no governing word of tcou ' A'^rjvaLcop^ which 
stands first for the sake of emphasis. The word, therefore, is thrown 
for dependence on the explanatory clause, or rather, as Kiihn. (Jelf 's 
edit. § T86. Obs, 5) remarks, the two clauses are so compressed toge- 
ther, that the subject of the former is placed in the latter, and even 
follows the government thereof. The regular construction, according 
to Goeller, would be: rots- Se 'AST^m/ots-, ervx^ yap {= as) irpea-^ela 
(avrwv) — napova-a^ Koi a>s — edo^e Trapirrjrea ; or as Arnold constructs and 
explains : rav de ^ A'xirjvataip rols Tvpea^ecri TrapaTvxovcn rare napa to2s 
AaKe8aLpovLOL£ Kol rcov XoyoiV aAO'So/xeVotS', ebo^e Trapirrjrea elvai^ in Eng- 
lish running thus: Met the Athenians happening at that time to ha'dean 
enibassy at Lacedwmon^ and hearing what loas said^ resol'ced to address 
themselves to the Lacedmmonian government. Examples of a similar 
construction may be found in 1. 115. § 3 ; YIII. 30. § 1. The principle, 
according to Goeller, is, that the subject of a proposition is always put 

Hosted by 


Chap. LXXII] NOTES. 309 

b J the Greeks, as near the beginning of the sentence as possible, when 
a transition is made from one subject to another. The new subject 
being thus placed first, the reason of the predicate immediately follows, 
before the predicate itself, and the subject is made to depend gramma- 
tically upon this reason, rather than on the predicate. See Arnold's 
note, from which this rule of Goel. is cited. See also Mt. § 615. The 
confusion of the present passage is increased by the presence of /cat, in 
KOL C09 fjcr'^ero rav Xdyooz/, which connects the principal sentence to the 
explanatory or subordinate one, and thus carries on its construction. 
Of. Mt. § 681. 2. Krijg. makes 'A^rjvcucov depend on Trpeo-f^ela^ and 

compares I. 115, §4; YIII. 30. § 1. ervx^ — napovaa^ chanced to 

1)6 ])re8ent. ciWcov than the business of replying to the Corinthi- 
ans. 7T€pLTr)Tea is followed by aTroXoyijo-ofxevovs in the accusative, 

because it is equivalent to jrapLemi delv (S. § 178. 2), they must go. Of. 
Mt. § 44T. 4; Butt. § 134. 10. N. 4. It will be seen, that the construc- 
tion changes from the future participle into the infinitive, at 8r]\co(jaL 
de (cf Mt. § 532. c). The incorporation of the dependent with the 
participial clause by the infinitive, is less close than by the participle. 

Of. Orosby, § 614. 8. tovs AaKedatpiovLovs refers probably to the 

Ephori, as it is opposed to t6 nX^pos in § 2 infra. cjv follows eVe- 

icaXovv as a genitive of the crime. S. § 194. 4. jrepl tov Travros^ 

in a general loay. «s- — eti;. The indicative in this substantival 

sentence after dt]\6i)o-aL^ would have communicated absolute certainty, 
instead of probabihty, to the thing spoken of. Of. K. § 329. Accord- 
ing to Mt. § 629. 2, the optative is employed because the time of the 
action is future. iv irXelovL. Supply xP^^Vi since irk^'iovi is op- 
posed to rax^ods. Kai ajjia introduces another reason why the Athe- 
nians made no reply to the charges of the Oorinthians, viz. because 
they preferred to employ the occasion in descanting upon the great 
power of their city, in order thus to dampen the ardor of tbose who 

might otherwise be fierce for war. ttoXw is properly the subject 

of et?7, but is transferred for the sake of emphasis into the principal 
clause, and made the object of cnrip,r]vaL. So the Latins say: nosti 
Marcellum quam tardus sit = quam tardus sit Marcellus, See N". on 

I. 61. § 1. bvuapiiv is the accusative synecdochical. hv =: €K€L' 

pcov a, of which equivalent, the antecedent limits viroixv-qdiv. So the 
3iext hv =: eKeivcov a)z/, the relative taking the genitive after aTrecpou 

Mt. § 846. a ; S. § 18T. 2. €k. rav Xoyoiv^ from these representations. 

2. T019 AaKedaifjLovioLs. See K. on § 1 supra. is to ttX^Sos-, to 

the assembly^ i. e. the same which the Oorinthians had addressed. — ^^ 
et Ti jxr) aTTOKcoXvoL^ unless there should he some hinderance. Poppo 
from several MSS. edits aiTOKoo\v€L. 


Hosted by 


310 KOTES. [Book 1 

8. ol b\ i. e. tlie Ephori. TrapeXSoVres-, coming forward as an 

orator to speak. IsTo difference in sense should here be sought be- 
tween iirUvai and Tra/jeXSoi/res. 


In these chapters we have the speech of the Athenians. The exordium 
is brief, being contained in chap. 73. § 1. The argumentative part is com- 
prised in chap. 73. § 2 — chap. 77, and is divided into, 1, an enumeration of 
the great services of the Athenian state, especially in the Persian wars (chap. 
73. § 2 to chap. 74) ; 2, a defence against the charge of ambition and unlaw- 
ful means to increase their power, which was brought against them by the 
Corinthians (chaps. 75-77). The remaining chapter (78) contains the perora- 
tion, in which the Lacedeemonians are urged not to engage precipitately in 
war, but to obtain a redress of grievances by negotiation. This speech is 
admirably adapted to remove the impression made by the grave charges of 
the Corinthians, being a calm vindication of the conduct and policy of the 
Athenians, interspersed with sundry references to their general patriotism, 
and remarks upon their good treatment of the allies. There is, however, 
throughout the whole oration a tone of firmness, indicative of the unaltera- 
ble determination of the Athenians to adhere to the policy, upon which they 
had hitherto acted, and to make no concession, which would abridge their 
authority, or hinder the enlargement of their power and dominion. 


The Athenians commence by stating that they came to Spavta on other business, but feel 
constrained, in vieAV of the outcry raised against their state, to come forward, not to reply 
to the charges of the Corinthians, inasmncli as the tribunal was not cotnpetent to try the 
Athenians, but to show that their power was lawfully possessed, and that their services 
entitled them to praise and honor (§ 1) ; without referring to things more remote, they 
would recnr to the Persian war, a reference -which, however unpleasant to make so fre- 
quently, they deemed necessary, because they, if any, ought to be entitled to whatever 
good might result from a recapitulation of their services in this war (§ 2) ; this they 
-should do, not in the way of deprecation, but to shoAv against what a city war was now in 
contemplation (§ 3) ; at Marathon they engaged singly with the Persians, and in the battle 
of Salamis were present with all their forces, and thus helped to save the Peloponnesian 
cities from being destroyed in detail (§ 4) ; of which the strongest proof was furnished by 
the Persian king, who hastily retreated, after the battle, with the greater part of his army 
(§ 5). 

1. ayriXoy/az^ here takes the dative rots- i-'/xerepot?, because allied in 
eignification to avrCk^yeiv run. Of. Mt. § 390 ; Jelf s Kiihn. § 602. 0U» 

Hosted by 


Chap. LXXm.] NOTES, gH 

2. The reading rjixcTepoLs^ fonnd in some editions, is evidently erro- 
neous, for the Athenians were never the alhes of the Corinthians, 1mt 

were only at peace with them. 7r€p\ Sz^ =z 7rep\ iKelvcdv rrepl o)v^ or 

Trepl €K€Lva)v a, of which the relative is nsed synecdoohically. ala'^o- 

fxepoL — ovcrav. See N. on I. 26. § 3. KarajSorjv is also a verbal noun 

(like avri\oyLav\ and, after the analogy of its verb, takes r]p.aiv in tlie 
genitive. See IST. on I. 67. § 1. TraprjK'^ofxev is followed by the sub- 
junctive ((BovXeva-Tjcr^e)^ because the act, although past in its perform- 
ance, is present in its purpose =: we have come forward and now address 

you in order that, etc. Of Rost, § 122. 9. IST. 4; S. § 214. F. 1. 

OX) — avTepovvT€s {not to answer to. S. § 225. 5) is to be taken with aXK 

oTTcos K. r. X., the intervening words being parenthetical. ovre rjiiap 

. . . .Xdyot is briefly put for ovre ^/xwy rrpos tovtovs^ ovte tovtcov irpos 
rjfxas 04 \6yoL. For illustrations of this sort of brachylogy, cf Jelf s 
Ktlhn. § 8T6. Bloomf. makes tjjxwv and tovtcov depend on BiKaarals^ 

with which he supplies ovolv. av yiyvoivro. The protasis is to be 

supplied from the context. See N. on I. 71. § 5. ottcoj — ^ovXcvar]- 

o-3e is referred to by several grammarians, to show that Dawes's canon 
is erroneous, viz. that onccn is never followed by the subj. aor. 1, act. 
or mid. Of Jelf 's Kiihn. § 812. 1 ; Mt. § 519. 7. p. 885. See N. on I. 

82. § 5. pr] pabioos belongs to -^^Ipov (BovXsvarjo-'^e^ in the sense of 

may not rashly (literally, easily^ readily) adopt tad counsels. Trct- 

?i6jjievoL denotes the means. See IST. on I. 9. § 1. kgI ap,a intro- 
duces another reason why the Athenians came forward to address 
the Lacedsemonians. Hence ^ovkopLevoi may be rendered, Vecause we 

wished. See ]^. on I. 9. § 4 (end). ovrc aTT^iKOTCds., not unreasona- 

My, not without cause., d^la \6yov = d^UTraiPos. Sohol. 

2. Trdvv rraXaia is referred by the Schol. to the Amazons, Thracians, 

and Heraclidse. — — tl Set = there is no necessity. hv (i. e. ra 

Trakata) depends on p^dprvpcs, and a/coat — Xoycov, may be rendered 
hearsay (\6yoi dicova?i€PT€s. Goel.), as Hiei-. Miill. interprets. Duk. 
takes Xoycop in the sense of laropLcop, and makes a/coal Xdycop = €k rrjs 

icrroplas irapabocris. roiP dKovaopepccp =z of our auditors. ei /cat 

. . . .7rpol3aXXop,€POLs, " although it he rather irlcsome to us^ to de forever 
'bringing tliis subject forward?'' Arnold. This is essentially the inter- 
pretation of Haack, Poppo, and Goeller. Some respectable critics^ 
however, place a comma after "iurai.^ which gives the sense, although 
'it is rather irlcsome to you-, (y^t) we must bring these things, etc. But 
besides the objection advanced by Poppo, that perspiciuty in that case 
would have demanded npolSaXXopepovs, we Lave another more decisive 
one, viz. that it would have been a needless utterance of a sentiment 
highly offensive to the Lacedaemonians, whereas if t/juTz/ be supplied 

Hosted by 


312 N^OTES. [Book I. 

after di ox^ov — eVrat, as it must be according to the pointing of 
Dindorf, it becomes a modest disavowal' of any other reason than 
necessity, for the utterance of that which had become stale with the 

Athenians themselves. koI ydp^ and truly. Bloomf. supplies the 

ellipsis : and (reason is there that we should) for lolien., etc. 

iKivbvv€V€ro^ they loere hazarded^ i. e. they were achieved with danger. 

§ff. . . ./xereo-;\;ere, a substantial part of which (rjs referring to 

ftx^eXem) you have shared. This is far preferable to the sense given 
by some annotators, the actual doir. of which you home shared (i. e. 
you have shared in the labors and pei ds, which attended the achieve- 
ment of Grecian liberty), for the object of the speaker was to show 
that Greece was mainly indebted to the Athenians for its liberty. 
The argument then is: if the Lacedsemonians shared in the liberty, 
which tlie devotion and heroism of the Athenians had secured, they 
ought surely to leave to the Athenians their share of the glory of the 
transaction. In this way the antithesis is clear : you share in the 
result, let us share in the glory of the achievement. But I cannot 
understand why it should be brought forward as a reason for the 
meed of glory claimed by the Athenians, and made the basis of their 
demand upon the gratitude of the Peloponnesians, that the Lacedse- 
monians had a principal share in the dangers and labors of the war. 
It was true in itself, yet such a prominence given to the Lacedsemo- 
nian services, would not only have been foreign to the design of the 
speaker, but .'ould have rendered the argument perfectly worthless. 
For the consc. otion of epyov fjcepos (xereaxere., cf. S. § 191. N. 

3. pipiia-erai^ sc. 6 \6yos from the preceding context. irphs olav 

— TToXiv, against lohat sort (in respect to its services and power) of a 

city. pLT] €v ^ovXevofxevoLs^ unless you adopt prudent counsels. See 

K on I. 71. § 6 (init.). 

4. yap in cj)ap.€v yap (for toe affirm) introduces a more expanded 
account of the services of t]:ie Athenians in the Persian war. See IST. 

on yap in L 53. § 2. fxovoi irpoKivhwevo-ai rw (3ap(3dpcp^ that we alone 

ventured to commence the contest loith the Barbarian Some prefer, 
that we alone braved the Barbarian in behalf. Cf. Liddell and Scott, 
sub voce TrpoKtvbvvevco. As it respects the employment of {jlopol, the 
Plataean auxiliaries were so few in comparison with the Athenians, 
that, by a very pardonable hyperbole, the orator entirely overlooked 
them. The adjective is here put in*the nominative to agree with the 
subject, as it has already appeared, the subject of the infinitive being 
omitted. In respect to the dative after TrpoKivdvueva-ai^ it is to be re- 
ferred to the construction Trokejx^lv nvt. ore to varepov rfk^ev refers 

to the invasion of Greece by Xerxes. ohx iKavoi ovres^ inasmuch 

Hosted by 


Chap. LXXIY.] ISTOTE^. 313 

as we were not able. See N". on I. 9. § 4 (end). TravbrjpLeL A few 

were left in Athens, who were slain by Xerxes, when he got posses- 
sion of the city. Of. Herodot. YIII. 51, 52. -oirep eVx^ fxr} — nop- 

Seiz/, wTiieh restrained him from laying waste. For /xj) with the in- 
finitive, see l!^. on I. 10. § 1. Kara ttoXcls^ ly cities^ city hy city. 

' — — dbvudroiv av ovroav (sc. vfxcdv from rr]v Il€\oTr6vur](rov)^ for you 
loouM have been unahle. " The participle with av frequently has the 
sense of the future, and is equivalent to fieXXcdv with the infinitive." 
Jelf's Kiihn. § 429. 3. Of S. J,215. 5. The protasis el eVeVXet is to 
be mentally supplied. See N';.on I. Tl. § 6. 

6. avTos refers to Xerxes. — — cos Bvmixecos^ thinMng that his 

force was no longer eg^ual (to what it had been before), i. e. perceiving 
that his strength was broken. So Goel. and Arnold interpret, but 
Bloomf. renders, inasmuch as the force he had was no longer of equal 
match with the enemy. In respect to the construction, " a participle 
with 0)$- signifies the same thing, as a participle of a verb denoting to 
thin\ or to say.^ followed by an infinitive or an accusative with an in- 
finitive." K. § 312, 6 ; S. § 225. 4. tw irXkovi is a masculine, and 

is the dative of accompaniment. Mt. § 405. N. 2 ; S. § 206. 6. 


The orator proceeds to say, that the Athenians contributed to the naval fight at Salamis 
three things, viz. the largest number of ships, a most skilful commander, and the most 
untiring zeal (§§ 1, 2) ; the Lacedaimonians, when alarmed for their own safety, came 
to their aid from cities Inhabited and designed to be in future inhabited, whereas 
they, sallying forth from a city having no longer an existence, and encountering danger 
in behalf of what they had but faint hopes of saving, preserved both the Lacedaemonians 
and themselves (§ 3) ; had the Athenians gone over to the Persians, or had they feared 
to embark on board their ships, the Lacedsemonians would not have ventured upon a 
ttle, and the issue of the Persian invasion would have been far different (§ 4). 

1. roiovrov — tovtov^ SUch an CDCnt as this. cracpoas BrjXoo^evTOs^ 

it cCearly appearing. The subject is on eyeVero. The participle 

frequently stands alone, when the subject is readily supplied from the 
context, or is indefinite, a pronoun or some general word like Trpdy- 
liara.^ Xprjixara^ au^SpcdTroi^ etc. being understood. Of Mt. § 563 ; K. 

§ 812. E. 4 ; S. § 226. b. eV — iyevero, consisted in^ were suspended 

upon. auBpa o-rpaT-qyov ^vverararov. Themistocles is called by 

Herodot. (VIII. 124), dvr]p ttoXXo^ 'EXXtJi/cdi/ o-oipwTaTos. Our historian 

Hosted by 


^l4 5t^Uli:S. [Book I 

in I. 138, says many tMngs concerning his energy and eminent abili- 
ties. — -- €s ras rerpaKoo-ias^ to the four Tiundred^ depends on 7rape< 
(TxoiJ^^^ci^ and therefore Matthise (§ 578. f ) is wrong in citing this pas- 
sage in proof that is signifies about. In respect to the number of 
ships said to be furnished by the Athenians, if bvo ixoipoiv signifies tioo- 
tMrds^ as is the opinion of most of the commentators, it must have 
been 266. Yet, according to Herodotus, their quota of ships was 180, 
to which, as Bloomf. suggests, may be added the twenty ships furnish- 
ed by Athens, and manned by the Ohalcidians, thus making 200, the 
number set down to them by Demosthenes, Diodorus, Plutarch, and 
Kepos. This then may be considered the true number of ships fur- 
nished on that occasion by the Athenians. But how are we to recon- 
cile with this, the number given here by Thucydides ? As usual there 
have been almost as many conjectures as commentators, but none of 
them in all respects satisfactory. All the MSS, except four (or accord- 
ing to Arnold, three) read TerpaKocrlas. Bloomf. is disposed to follow 
those four MSS., in which is found the reading rpLciKoo-Lovs^ which 
would remove the difficulty as far as the number of Athenian ships is 
concerned. But then another difficulty arises, for Herodotus reckons 
the whole number of ships at 378. Here then, on the supposition that 
rpiaKoa-Lovs is the true reading, is a discrepancy of seventy-eight, or if 
the twelve ^ginetan ships, which were guarding the island of ^gina 
in the time of the action, are subtracted, there is still a difference of 
sixty-six. In order to avoid the difficulty, Bloomf. supposes that only 
300 took part in the engagement. Arnold conjectures that the two- 
thirds of the fleet here claimed by the Athenian orator, was an over- 
estimate, perfectly consistent with oratorical exaggeration, and that 
when Demosthenes gives, as he does," the real number of the ships, 
and calls it two-thirds of the whole, he states the number to be 300. 
Didot takes dvo pLoipoav in the sense of one-half and this opinion 
Goeller adopts in his last edition. The reading of Demosthenes, which 
is rpiaKocTicov ovaoiv rQ)V Traaav rpirjpecov ras dtaKoa-las rj noXt-s irapi- 
(Tx^ro^ they would change from rpiaKooriojp into rerpaKocr/coz/, and thus 
harmonize the conflicting passages. But would it not have been more 
natural for Thucydides to have written ras Tjp^Lo-elas or to tJpktv ? I 
know of nc way to remove the difficulty, except by the change of 
reading proposed by Bloomf. and Poppo, for the statement is too dis- 
proportionate to the truth to be attributed to the exaggeration natural 
to orators, who, before so grave and discriminating an audience as the 
one here addressed, would find it necessary to adhere in some degree 
to the statement of things as they really were. Ool. Leake (Athens, 
II. p. 251) I find comes also to the conclusion, that rpiaKoa-ias is the 

Hosted by 


Chap. LXXIV.] NOTES. 315 

true reading in the passage before us. vavfxaxrjcr^^ depends on 

aLTiodTaros — iyevero^ was the most instrumental in causing the sea-fight 
to take place in the narrows. Cf. K. § 806. 1. c; Mt. § 542. Ols. 1. j8; 

S. § 222. 6. oTrep refers to iv r« crrevw (= eV tyj '2akafuvi) vav 

fxaxqa-ai. Sta. . . .iTifxrjcrare. Of. Plut. In Themist. ch. 17, where 

it is said that the Lacedaemonians presented Themistocles with an 
olive branch and a chariot, the best in the city, besides bestowing 

upon him many other marks of honor. twp — eXSoWwi/ is to be 

constructed after fiaXiara. ojy, to. See IST. on I. 31. § 2. 

2. oi ye — rj^LOio-aiJLei/^ inasmuch as we determined. The relative 
here introduces the ground or reason of what has just been said, re* 
specting the boldness and alacrity of the Athenians. Of. K. § 384. 2. 

rav ciXkcov is referred by the Schol. to the Macedonians, Thessa- 

lians, Locrians, Boeotians, and Phocians. H'^XP^ r^ixiov = i^^expi ttJs 

TTokecos rjfimu. iKXiTTOvres. See IST. on opt€s^ I. 7. §1. ra 

olKela fita^Se/paz/res-. A Schol. says that the Athenians destroyed w^th 
their own hands all the goods which could not be removed, and the 
cattle which could not be driven away. Another Schol. says that 
they destroyed the city, in order that it might not be used by the 

Barbarians as a military station against Greece. /at^S' ays (= ovtcos)^ 

7iot ev67i thus^ i. e. in so distressed a condition, irpoKiTvelv depends 

on rj^Lcacrafiev. • (jKebacr'^evTes into other countries. avrols^ i. e, 

TOis ^vfjifxaxots. aXX' responds to fjbrjdi' &s. 

8. ovx rjcrcrov. Bloomf. is doubtless correct in considering this as 

put by Attic urbanity for fiaXkov. totjtov, i. e. tov ax^eXelorSat or 

rrjs oiCJ^eXetas. yap in vfieU fiev yap introduces the proof of what 

immediately precedes. eVt rw — vijxeo-'^ai is taken by Didot in the 

sense of iir iXirlbi tov vijiea'^ai., in consequence of the antithetic virkp 

ov(T7]s which follows. The common rendering is ut in posterum 

incoleretur. /cat ovx rjfjiaiv ro irkeov. Mfc. (§ 455. Ohs. 3. b) says, 

" a comparison with ' more"^ implies an opposition, and two modes of 
speech are therefore combined." Here we have not for us and rather 
than for us conjoined, so as to read literally, and not rather than for 
us^ a fulness of expression employed evidently for the sake of empha- 
sis, 7-^s- ovK ova-rjs^ ^' sc. rjplv^ quoi nobis jam 7iulla esset^ non, 

qucB esse desiisset.^^ " Hoc potius indicat sequentibus verbis : iv ^pax^ia 
e-XTTiSt ovo-jjs.''^ Haack. But inasmuch as rrjs ovk ova-qs is opposed to 
the preceding otto olKovfxei'cov rcov TroXeoov, I prefer the interpretation 

of Gottl., qum jam nulla est, i. e. icji'^appemjs. Didot refers vnep 

T?js ov(rr]s to TO ^vKivov relxos, i. e. the fleet, the only safeguard 

after the destruction of their city, in which the hopes of the Atheni- 
ans rested, and tL is too being in circumstances of great peril. This 

Hosted by 


316 NOTES. [Book! 

conjecture is worthy of consideration, although I think reference is 
had to the commonwealth, rather than to the ships or personal safety 

of the citizens. ro fiepos, in some measure. Bloomf. " quantum 

in nobis essety Goel. It appears to me, that Arnold has hit upon 
the true exposition : we bore our full share in the deliverance both of 
ourselves and of you. 

4. ei Se 'iTpo(re)((opr)a'aiJL€V — ov^ev av en ebei v^jLas. if we had gone 
over — you would no longer have been under the necessity^ etc. For the 
indicative in the protasis, see I^T. on I. 53. § 2. av in the apodosis 
weakens the assertion, and makes it a little less offensive to the Lacedss- 
monian ears, than a positive assertion would have heen. Of. S. § 215. 1. 
For the translation of eSet hy the pluperfect, cf. Mt. § 508. b ; K. 
§ 260. 2 (2) ; S. § 215. 2. ISTotice that the aorist is employed in the pro- 
tasis, because the act spoken of is regarded as momentarily completed, 
but in the apodosis the imperfect is used, because the necessity spoken 

of is to be represented as having a continued existence. /caS' r^o-v- 

;(iaz/, at his leisure (as far as fighting was concerned) r= without oppo- 
sition. av avra> Trpoexcopija-e^ toould have gone on for him (see IsT. 

on I. 109. § 3). avTw is the dat. commodi. 


Having performed such signal services, the Athenians ought not to be envied on account 
of their dominion (§ 1) ; for this had come to them, because they had been left by the 
Lacedaemonians to finish the Barbarian war (§ 2); the sway which they held had 
been increased, first through the natural influence of fear, and then for the sake of honor 
and interest (| 3) ; being hated by many and suspected by the Lacedaemonians, it seemed 
unsafe to relax their authority, and give opportunity for the disaffected states to revolt 
(4), and for this regard to their own interests no one could justly blame them (§ 5). 

1. ap' a^Loi ia-pev. To these words belongs the pr] before ovrcds^ 
so that the order is : apa py a^io'i ia-pev — ovToi9 ayav iTncp^ovcos Sta- 
KeTo-Sat, is it just then— that we should lie under such a load of envy ? 
ov is joined with apa when an affirmative, and p,r} when a negative 
answer is expected (cf. K. § 344. 5. d; S. § 219. 4). Thus apa ovk a^toi 

ia-pev would signify, do we not deserve f rdre, i. e. in the Persian 

war. yvcopr]s ^vvecrecos^ the wisdom of our counsel; ^'' our cood 

sense in counsel.'*'' Arnold. Keference is had to what is said of The- 

mistocles in I. 74. § 1. ap^ris depends on iiTK^'^ovcos diaKela^iaL = 

(l)?iov€'L(r?iaL., which in the active voice is followed by the dative of the 
person and genitive of the thing. Of. K. § 274. e. ye is here 

Hosted by 


Chap. LXXV.] NOTES. ^Yf 

limitive, at least on account of the rule. fjs is put in the genitive 

by attraction with dpxv^^ ^^^ accusative being properly demanded 
after exofxev, 

2. avTrjv refers to ap^ris. pLao-dfievoi^ dy force. See ]!T. on I. 

9. § 1. TCi vTTokoLTra Tov Pap(3dpov^ i. e. the termination of the 

war with the Barbarians. The supineness of the Lacedsemonians was 
most undoubtedly a principal cause of the ascendency of the Atheni- 
ans in maritime affairs. Their continuance in the war would have 
placed them at the head of the confederacy, as their withdrawal ele- 
vated the Athenians to that station. avroiv Karaa-Trivai^ tJiem- 

sehes entreating us to become their leaders. 

3. €^ avTov de tov epyov^ from the nature of the thing itself So 
the Schol. explains e^ rrjs (pva-ecds avTr]s rod npdyparos. The thing 
referred to, is the dominion enjoyed by the Athenians, and on the 
principle laid down by the SchoL, that the ruler is always hated (6 
cipxcov del peorelrai)^ it would be necessary for them, by strengthening 
their power, to protect themselves against the effect of this hatred. 

h ToSe, i. e. to what it now is ; to its present height of power, 

beovs^ not of the Barbarians, as Haack supposes, but as a SchoL 

remarks, heovs rwv kukohs jra'^ovrcav iv rfj dpxfj vn-qKocDv^ for this seems 
evident from ovk dorclyaXis eTi—KLvbvveveiv which follows. 

4. iboKei has for its subject dvevras KLvbvv€v€Lv with which do-<f>a\es 

agrees. dnrix'^rjpevovs (see In", on I. 76. § 1) belongs to rjpds^ the 

omitted subject of KivbvveveLv. tlvcov . . . , Kareo-rpapiJievcov, some 

even who had already revolted having heen suhdued. Of. I. 98, et seq. 
opoicus as before. dvevras (by 7'elaxing our authority) be- 
longs to KLvbvveveLv as the participle of means. See K. on I. 9. § 1. 

yap iyiyvovTo^ for (if we had let go the reins) the desertions 

loould have been to you = (by constructio pr80gnans. See isT. on I. 18. 
§ 2) the deserters would have gone over and remained with you^ i. e. 
been on your side. 

5. irdo-i depends on dveTrl<j)^ovov (sc. eVrt), as the dat. incommodi. 
Render, it is not a matter of censure to any = none can be censured. 

The subject is ev riSeo-Sat. ■ rav fieyLarcov iripi Kivdvvcov = iva prj 

cpnea-rj els peyto-rovs Kivdvvovs. Schol. nepi is put by anastrophe for 
wepL S. § 231. N. 2 (a). 

Hosted by 


31J NOTES. [BooKi 


T<He spe^ka: ^r^ reto^-ts upon the LacedjBmonians, that they are doing the same things in 
JPeloponnesiis -which they charge upon the Athenians, and the superiority, which would 
flave been theirs had they remaln'ja until the close of the war (see N. on I, 76. § 2), must 
to. like manner have been maintained by a strong and vigorous government (§ 1) ; in ac- 
cepting and maintaining the dominion voluntarily bestowed upon them, they had done 
nothing strange or discordant with established customs, and so the Lacedaemonians 
thought, until sw&yed hy motives of self-interest they began to talk of justice (§2); 
in ruling so just and equitably, the Athenians deemed themselves worthy of commenda- 
tion (§ 3) ; and the mildness of their rule, for which they were now the subject of obloquy, 
would be manifest if theis- power should pass to other hands (§ 4). 

1. TCLs — TTokets depends on KaTao-Trjadfiepoi, and avTcbv is to be sup- 
plied after e J?;yeicr2fe. Haack erroneously makes the accusative to 

depend on this verb. eVt ro vjuv oxpeXifjLov is referred by the 

Schol. to tlie utility resulting from the oligarchical form of govern- 
ment. rore^ i. e. after the battle of Mycale. dia Traz/ro?, i. e. 

through the whole war. dTrrjxprja-^e^ had ])ecome odious. On this 

word, as on i^ avrov de rod epyov^ the Schol. remarks, ol yap apxpv- 

res iXLcrovPTaL • (pikeXev'^epov yap to av'^pcuTrivov, 'ia-p^v av — vpas — 

yepopeuovs^ we Icnow that you would le. av belongs to the participle 
(see IsT. on I. T3. § 4). For the construction of elSevai with the parti- 
ciple, see IT. on I. 69. § 5. fjo-crov than we. 

2. ourcoff, so that^ wherefore. aTro, out of away from. el 

. . . eSe^a/xeSa. Of. I. 76. §2. The vulgar reading for biBopevrju is 

diadidop€vr]p^ per manus traditum^ which is inapplicable here. — 
dvelpev (see "N. on dvevras^ I. T5. § 4) is opposed to ap^eiv iyKparcoSj 
§ 1 supra. Ttprjs dxpeXeia^. Of. I. 76. § 3. ovB" av 

vTrdp^avres introduces another circumstance, viz. established usage, to 
justify the acceptance and vigorous maintenance of power by the 
Athenians, toloutov refers to the supremacy just spoken of, and 

therefore takes the article. Ka'^earcdTos = vopipov ovtos^ vopi^ope- 

vov. Schol. The subject is properly tov, . , . Kareipyea-'^ai. ■ a^ioi re 

dp,a K. r. X. Their acknowledged fitness to rule, is here brought for- 
ward as an additional (a/xa) reason why the Athenians were not deserv- 
ing of censure in receiving and exercising their authority as they had 
done. The participles vopiL^ovres and boKovvres den-ote cause. See N. 
on I. 9. § 4 (end). With a^ioi.^ the words tov apx^iv or rrjs dpxrjs 

may be mentally supplied. vplv doKovvres. Of. I. 96. § 7. 

pexpi* '» 'XPW'^^1 '^^^^^'^ the present time (vvv\ when., thinlcing it con- 
ducive to your interest., you malce use of the argument of justice, ''''to 
biKa'm Xoycp, intellige r« \6y(o rS irepX r^s iXcvJSepias tcov 'EXXtji/ooi'.'* 

Hosted by 


Chap. LXXVIL] NO T E S . 3I9 

Goel. Traparvxovt ^'^ deingf in Ms power = whilst it was in his 

power. Tlie accusative absolute is employed, wlien time parallel to or 
coincident with another action is to be designated. Of. Jelf 's Kiihn. 
§ TOO. 2; S. § 226. b. TrpoSeiy, preferring. The object is 6V, re- 
ferring to the idea of justice or a just policy, implied in rw btKalcp 
Xoycp. jjiYj — €X€Lv. See 'N. on I. 10. § 1 (end). 

3, eVaiveto-Sai re ci^toL oiTLves^ tliey also are worthy to he praised 

loho. Of. S. § 172. 4. rfi dv?ipco7r€La (pvcreL^ human nature = tite 

dictate of nature^ the natural desire of mojn. Arnold translates 

diKatorepoL .... dvvapLv^ less careless of justice than our actual power 
enabled us to he, I prefer Bloomfield's translation : have heen more 
observant of justice than according to their power (to commit injustice). 
Kara here denotes conformity, and may be rendered, in accordance 
with^ and implies that their moderation was greater than might have 
been expected from the extent of their power. 

4. y av — (iv. We frequently find one of these particles joined to 
the principal verb, to denote the conditional nature of the whole sen- 
tence, and also to that part of the sentence which it immediately 
modifies. Sometimes the repetition results from an intervening clause. 

Of. Jelf's Kiihn. § 432. a; Mt. § 600 ; S. § 215. N. 5. bel^ai hv 

fioXicrra by the severity of their government. • rjfMv 8e — Trepuarri 

is nearly equivalent to 17/xTi^ U iyevero {has happened to U8\ the verb 
TrepceaTT]^ has come around to us^ being a more lively form of expres- 
sion. For the dative, cf. Mt. § 402. d. to rrkeov rj^ more than. 


The orator proceeds to prove what he has just alfirmed (I. 76. § 4), by showing that the 
Athenians are called litigious, when instead of compelling their allies to redress any real 
or supposed wrong, they are willing to have the points in dispute fairly tried and de- 
termined by civil tribunals, from which reproach those who exercise arbitrary power in 
respect to these things are exempt (§§1, 2) ; this leniency is made, however, a ground of 
complaint by their allies, whenever they feel aggrieved by a judicial sentence, or by 
any decision of the state, even more so than though they had been stripped by the hand 
of violence of all their possessions (§ 3); for men more highly resent acts of injustice than 
acts of violence, as is seen from a comparison of the patience with which these states bore 
the Median yoke, with their restiveness under the Athenian rule (§§ 4, 5); the same 
feelings of hostility would be entertained towards the Lacedaemonians, if they took the 
dominion, especially as their customs were so different from those of the other states (§ 6). 

1. Km is to be referred to the koI below, yap being here the gen- 
eral connective. i\aa-o-ovp.evoL^ z= although (see N. on I. 7. § 1) we 

Hosted by 


320 I^OTES. [Book I 

lose our suits = are cast in suits. This interpretation seems to accord 
better with the meaning of the word, and with the context, than 
Arnold's interpretation, not standing upon our righ% i. e. condescend- 
ing to let our disputes with them be fairly tried, instead of deciding, 
as we might, by our sovereign power. For the purpose is not here to 
show the condescension of the Athenians in suffering matters of dis- 
pute to be adjusted by civil tribunals, when they might settle them 
by an act of their sovereign will, inasmuch as that was asserted in § 3 
of the preceding chapter. The design now is to illustrate and confirm 
the remark, made at the close of the foregoing chapter, that the mod- 
eration of the Athenians seemed to bring upon them an increase of 
odium. This is shown by the fact here asserted, that even in suits at 
law, in which the Athenians are worsted, and that too before their 
own tribunals, the only return they receive from this impartial ad- 
ministration of justice, is to be called litigious, yap {illustrantis. 

See K. on I. 58. § 2). See the preceding remarks on iXaaaoviievou 

iv rats .... dtKais^ in actions h'ought against our allies for 

dreaches of contract. Of. Smith's Diet. Gr. and Kom. Antiq. p. 918. 
Trap Tjfuv avTols, before ourselves^ is introduced to show their re- 
gard for justice, that even in their own courts at Athens, decisions 
were given in favor of their allies. Boeckh (Pub. Econ. Ath. p. 404) 
denies that all the small suits at law were tried at Athens, as no per- 
son living at Rhodes or Byzantium would come to Athens to bring a 
suit for 50 or 100 drachma. The simple fact was, that the supreme 
jurisdiction belonged to Athens, and cases could be carried there by 

appeal from the inferior courts. eV, in conformity to^ according to. 

— — SfioLOLs in respect to the parties to the suit. (piXodLKe'iv Sokov- 

u€v is the apodosis of iXaaro-ovfiepoL (S. § 225. 6). 

2. avrav refers to the persons, who charged the Athenians with 

oppression and injustice in their treatment of the allies. vols — 

eXovo-L depends on oveidl^eTai. The Schol. says that reference is had 

to the Persians and Scythians. diorL^ why^ for what reason. 

rovTo refers back to rjo-aov . exovo-t, yap in this place has fur- 
nished some difficulty to interpreters. Poppo calls it yap declarativum 
(Lat. scilicet), Haack refers it to tovto ovk. oveidl^eraL quae sine StoVt, 
tamquam peculiaris sententia, cogitatione repetenda sunt : ov yap av- 
rots opeidl^eTaL tovto • jBid^ea'^aL ydp^ etc. Goel. supplies the ellipsis 
OVK oz/eiSt^erat, otl (Bid^ovTaL • /3tafecrSat yap, etc., which I think is the 
correct explanation, inasmuch as it best meets the demands of the 
context. TTpodheovTai., so. ovTOL^ the antecedent of oh in the pre- 
ceding clause. 

3. Poppo correctly disjoins ol §e from etSto-jaei^oi, and interprets, 

Hosted by 


Ohap. lxxvii.] notes. 321 

illi vero (socii nostri) quum sint assueti. The usual interpretation is, 
hut they who are accustomed. But if this were the meaning, w© 
should suppose that aWovs^ or some other general word, would have 

oeen employed instead of rjixas, otto rod 'laov, on equal footing^ 

on terms of equality. jut) accompanies oUcr'^ai^ because napa has 

a negative sense (see IsT. on I. 10. § 1), 'beyond what (=z otherioise than) 
they think is right. "With XPV^^'' ^WV^J fi'om the main clause eXacr- 

srco'^rjuaL. Goel. constructs: irapa rb o'Ucr'^at firj ;j^p^yai. y^^H-U 

refers to a judicial decision, dvvdfiei to power exercised irrespective of 
a legal trial. — — koI Sttcoo-ovv^ even in the least = in ever so slight a 
degree. With this meaning, which is easily derived from the more 
common signification of the word, in a,ny way whatever (cf. Liddell 
and Scott sub voce), oiroicrovv may be connected with ijv n. Its po- 
sition after rj — rj is no serious objection to this, inasmuch as it is 
placed beside the verb whose meaning is limited by ri. Its connec- 
tion with the words immediately preceding would have been ex- 
pressed by ^ oTTcoo-ovv^ or in any other way whatever. But what 
other Avay was there to effect the thing complained of, than the two 

modes spoken of in rj yvm/Jirj rj bwapLeu rrj bici rrjv dpxr]v'^ — iXaor- 

o-ooSJooo-ti^, are worsted. This meaning, which is inevitable here, shows 
that Arnold is mistaken in the sense, which he assigns to iXaao-ovpevoL 

in § 1 supra. ov, . . /exovo-Lv^ they feel no gratitude that they are 

not deprived of the greater part. For the use of the article with 
TrXeow?, cf. K. § 246. 8. 0. aTepia-KajxevoL denotes the cause. See IST. 

on I. 9. § 4. Tov €p8€ovs (= rod iXdo-o-ovos)^ the part lacMng^ in 

opposition to the part which remained. For the article, see the re- 
ference on TOV •nrXeoi'o^ SUpra. ;!^aXf7r&)repoz^ (pepovo-iP^ they are 

more indignant. In this combination, the signification of the adjec- 
tive predominates, and hence takes the genitive. Of. Mt. § 368. 5. a. 

dno^SepevoL rov voixov.^ putting aside the laiG~poAjhig no regard 

to law. — — €K€Lvcos^ ^^illo modo.'''' Betant. - — — Se ■zi^yS.p. - — ~ dvreXe- 
yov implies negation, and hence is followed by cos ov with xp^^^ (sc. 
io-Ti). See N. on I. 10. § 1. Cf. also S. § 230. 8 ; Mt. § 534. Obs. 4 
2; K. § 318. 9. Render the passage, not even they themselves (i. e. the 
persons aggrieved) can deny that the wealcer must yield to the stronger. 
4. ddiKovi-iepoL^ when treated unjustly. See K. on I. 13. § 6. -— 
TO [lev referring to aStKov/uei/ot, and to §' to /3tafo/xewi, are both the 
subjects of the propositions in which they stand, the other words 
composing the predicates. — — - dno rov 'lo-ov Bloomf. regards as a 
neuter, and translates, on a footing of equal justice. Others inter- 
pret it, pro equali conditione. I prefer, as the most natural mode of 
interpretation, to take drro in the sense of vtto (K. § 288. 3. c), and 

Hosted by 


g22 WOTES. [Book I 

tcrov as a masculine, 5y ^^^ ^^^ ^'^ '^^ equal. In this way, it harmo' 
nizes with vtto rod Mrjdov^ which is varied from diro rod. In respecl 
to the sentiment, commentators cite many kindred examples. Among 
others, the one quoted by Goel. from Pint. Yit. TimoL, is very much 
in point : ouroos vno XoyoiV fxoKKov rj Trpd^eoop Troi/ijpcop aviacr'^ai 7r€(f)v- 
Kaaiv 01 TToWoi • ;;^aXe7ra)rcpot' yap vj^pLV r] (BXd^rjv (^epovari. See also 
ovbils yap opyl^erai rols ttoXv VTvep avtbv rfj dvmfjLec^ Aristot. Rhet. I. 
11, cited hy Arnold. 

5. yovp introduces an example confirmatory of the assertion just 

made. Trdcrxovres r]V€ixovro^ they endured suffering. S. § 225. 8. 

eiKOTcos', as might ie expected^ naturally enough. The next clause 

illustrates this, and is therefore introduced by ydp. — — to irapou^ the 
present^ i. e. their present lot. Supply doK€7 from the preceding con- 
text. Bloomf. aptly remarks on the misery of those who live under a 
system of unequal confederation^ cheated as they often are by the 
shadow of liberty, while the substance ever eludes their grasp. 

6. ye in Li/xetff y gives emphasis to the pronoun, as though it were 
spoken in an elevated tone of voice, or written in italics. S. § 68. n. 

3. ovv is here a particle of reference, as to this matter. — — Ka^e- 

\6vT€s. The Schol. adds TrpopavreveTai • Ka'^eTKou yap avrcov rd r€L)(r) 

ol AaKe^aifjiouLoi. • rjperepoi/ S/o?, yoicr fear of US. See ISr. on at ye 

vjieTepaL eXTrides^ I. 69. § 5. ola Ka\ t6t€ — 6p,o7a kol vvv^ such as 

then — noio also. The Ka\ before rore serves to connect more closely, 

but is unsusceptible of translation into English. rjyTjcrdfxepoL^ tohen 

(see IsT. on I. 13. § 6) you had the lead^ defines rore. vTre^ei^are^ 

you gave indications of. This reading, adopted by all the recent com- 
mentators for aTreSei^are, gives a better sense, since, as Arnold re- 
marks, the Lacedaemonians had not fully manifested (dTreSei^au) their 
tyrannical spirit, but had shown symptoms (hirebei^av) of it, during 

the command of Pausanias. opiola — yz/coo-ecrSe = op^oiais yvapats 

Xpw^(r^€' Ku3', amongst. roh liXXois (Greeks) limits ap^iKra^ 

which adjective forcibly expresses the unsocial (or as Bloomf. says, 
the anti-social) spirit of the Laced osmonian institutions, in permitting 
no foreigners to reside among them, and in adopting customs, unique, 
and in many respects quite offensive to the neighboring states. Of. 

Miill. Dor. IL p. 194. e'gtcov, so. is TrdXe/xoy. The more general 

sense of going into foreign parts on business of any sort, is perhaps 

the true one. oh = iKEivois oh^ of which the antecedent depends 

on vojjLL^ei z=z xpw"^^^ vop,i(€i (Kr. §55, 4. i^. 11), is in the hahit of . 

using. Of. Jelf's Kijhn. §591. Ols. ; K. §285. 1. (2). r) ^XXr, 

"EXXas^ the rest of Greece. 

Hosted by 


Ohap lxxviil] notes. 323 


rhe Lacedaemonians are exhorted, finally, not to engage precipitously in war, on tbe charges 
brought by others against the Athenians (§ 1), and are admonished, of the uncertainty 
and. the calamities of war (§ 2), in which men oftentimes engage thoughtlessly, and are 
only brought to reason by some calamity (§ 3); and in conclusion, they are solemnly 
charged not to violate the treaty, but to submit the differences to a judicial investigation, 
and are reminded, that if they resort to arms, the Athenians will repel tlieir attacks with 
the utmost vigor and resolution (§ 4). 

1. ppabecDs — l^pax^cov. There is here a slight paronomasia = <^^" 
liberate long (i. e. come to no hasty decision) since you are not delib- 
erating (sc. ^ovXevofi^voL from ^ovXevecr'^^) about short matters (i. e. 
matters of trifling importance), ov belongs to the omitted participle, 
and hence is placed before TrepL — - aXkorpiais refers to the Corinthi- 
ans. rov Tvapakoyov^ tlie uncertainty. This word literally signi- 
fies that which is beyond calculation^ and is here apphed to the issue 
of the war, which was eminently involved in uncertainty. 

2. p-qKvmpevos, . . ,TTepucrra(T'^ai^ for when protracted^ it usually 
((/^tXei, is wont) brings most things to depend upon chance ; or as 
Arnold interprets, brings in the end to hazard = ends by bringing to 
hazards. Most of the commentators explain rvxas^ as referring to 
uncertain events which are adverse. But it is better to take it in a 
more unlimited sense, as referring to fortune either good or bad, and 
continuing the idea expressed in tov rrapaXoyov. The sentiment is, 
that in a long-continued war, no one is so far-sighted as to be able to 
see how things will take place, or what will be the issue of the con- 
test. This is true of all wars, and a most fearful realization did it 
have in the long and desolating contest, which is the subject of this 
history. ■ mp^ i. e. rvxcoj^- drrexofiei^ refers to both the Athe- 
nians and Lacedaemonians. These states were equally removed from 
the elevation or prostration of power, which hung upon the uncertain 
issue of the war. — iv ddrjXco Kivbvv^verm^ is exposed to great itn- 
certainty ; literally, is periled in the darh. 

3. ro:>v epycov — exovrcu (engage in). S. § 192. 1. Steph. supplies 
rcbv X6y(x)v after irporepov. But perhaps this is unnecessary, as it evi- 
dently stands opposed to vcrrepov^ and may therefore be taken abso- 
lutely. a refers to epycjv, KaKOTra'^ovvres denotes time (see 

N. on I. 13. § 6), and contains the protasis of rav Xoycov dTrrovraL, they 
betaJce themsehes to counsels (literally, to words). For the genitive, of. 
S. § 192. 1. The variety of uses in w/iich the Attics employed anrai^ 

Hosted by 


324 NOTES. [Book! 

especially in tlie middle voice, may be seen in aLaost any good lexi 
con. — — rjdr} belongs to KaK07ra?iovpres. 

4. iv. . . .avTOL^ who (see IST. on I. 8. § 1) are not yet ourselves ii\ 
such an error^ as to engage in war without due deliberation. So the 
Schol. explains djiapria by rfj 7rpoXe;^3eto'?; d^ovXla tov ttoXc/aov. — — - 

SpoopreSj SC. €P TOiavrj] dixaprla ovras. ecos", while. — — av^alperos.) 

in the power of.^ depending on the will^ is in the predicate. — - — \veLv 
depends on Xiyopev vplv. There is a play on \v^iv — Xmo-'^ai., the 
former beiug taken in the sense of to hreah^ molate^ the latter, to te 

terminated^ adjusted. Of. Xen. Anab. III. 1. § 21. Kara tyjp 

^vv?irjKr}Vj according to compact = in conformity with the terms of the 
treaty. "Etenim in foederibus tricennalibus (I. 115. §1) scriptum 
erat, oVXa \x,y] eirKpepeLV^ rjp dUas ?ieXa)(TL dtbovai^ YII. 18. § 2." Poppo. 

^\ or otherwise. '^eovs rovs SpKiovs. See N. on I. 71. § 5. The 

oaths here referred to, were those with which the treaty was ratified. 

ap^oPTas (so. vfjids) follows dpvvea'^aL. ravrrj . . . .vcf^rjyrjcr'^e^ 

the way in which you may lead us = according to the examjjle lohich 
you may set us. " {x^r^y^o-S? idem quod 7rpor]yria-'^e.^^ Goel. " They 
both express the same idea, but not exactly the same part of it : Trpo- 
r}y€l(T^at expresses the precedence, v(j)r)ye1(r?iaL the nearness of the lead- 
er." Arnold. 


Having heard the speeches on both sides, the Lacedsemonians deliberate by themselves on 
the present state of things (§ 1) ; the majiority are for immediate war, when Archidamus 
their king addresses them in opposition to such precipitous measures (§ 2). 

1. Tap 'A'^rjpalcov depends on rJKova-av (S. § 192), and not as some 

think on a eXe^aP (= rovs Xoyovs). peTao-Trjo-afievoi irdvras., haT)- 

ing caused all (i. e. both their allies and the Athenians) to withdraw. 
S. § 209. 2. Of. Xen. Anab. II. 3. § 8. Kara acpas avrovs^ among 

2. eVi i<p€pop^ the opinions inclined to the same point. The 

metaphor is taken from roads meeting in a common centre. »— - 

dhiKclv. , . .Td-)(€L explains to avTo. TToXeiirjTea elpai^ they should gty 

to loar. See IST. on TreptrT^rea, I. 72. § 1. 'Apxi8apo£. Archidamus 

II. succeeded his grandfather (a. o. 469), his father Zeuxidamus having 
died some time previous. A brief but judicious estimate of his 
moral worth, and the eminent services which he rendered to his state, 

Hosted by 


Chap. LXXX.] IS^ T E S . 325 

may be fonnd in Smith's Diet. Gr. and Kom. Biog. and Mythol. I. p, 
267. The Peloponnesian war for the first ten years, is frequently 

called the Arohidamian war. boKcdv ehm does not imply doubt, 

bnt that which was a matter of general repute. 


The speech of king Archidamus, comprised in these chapters, has for ita 
main object, the postponement of hostilities until negotiation has been tried, 
and the Lacedaemonians have increased their resources. He urges the 
wealth, the high state of preparation for war, and the naval supremacy of 
the Athenians, as a reason why, with their present resources, the Lacedsemo- 
nians could not hope to be victorious (chaps. 80, 81). He does not oppose 
the war, if the Athenians refuse to listen to their terms, but advises that 
they should first set forth calmly and with firmness their grounds of com- 
plaint, at the same time making all preparations for war (chap. 82). He 
cautions his auditors against regarding this advice as pusillanimous, or being 
influenced by the charges of tardiness and dilatoriness which may be 
brought against them, for to such a wise and deliberate policy the Lacedae- 
monians had been indebted for their glory and independence (chaps. 82, 83). 
In conclusion, he urges them not to hazard their institutions by a precipitous 
declaration of war, which must cost many lives, much treasure, and much 
honor, but to submit the matter, as the Athenians profess their willingness 
to do, to a judicial investigation (chap. 85). The speech is grave, dignified, 
full of sound wisdom and statesman-like views, and worthy of the man who 
pronounced it, and the occasion which called it forth. 


The speaker commences with a modest reference to his military experience, and that of 
many around him, which rendered them free from the desire of war entertained by the 
inexperienced (§ 1) ; as to the war in respect to which they were consulting, it would be 
very momentous (§ 2), for against the JPeloponnesian^ war could be waged on equal 
terms, and with dispatch, but should not lightly be declared against a people of such 
power, resources, and naval experience as the Athenians (§ S), especially as the Lacedte- 
monians in wealth and maritime resources were so much inferior (§ 4). 

l.'7ro\X(cv rjbr] Trokejxodv. Archidamus must have been at this time 
^nite an old ma.i, as he is supposed to have died in the fifth year of 


Hosted by 


g26 NOTES [BookI 

the war, in the forty-second year of his reign (see '^. on III. 89. § 1). 

Tov<;^ so. €fi77eLpovs from the preceding context. • ix-qre — eViSv- 

firjo-ai — fir)T€ — vofiLoravra. The change to the participial construction 
is somewhat harsh. Of. Mt. § 397. 3. Both clauses denote the end or 
effect of the skill and experience, which the speaker claims for himself 
and many of his auditors. 

2. rovde^ sc. rov irok^fiop. —— — ovk. — iXnxto-rov is a litotes for great- 
est^ most momentous. The Schol. refers iXdxf-crrov to time, hut that, 
as Bloomf. remarks, is judging by the event. Archidamus might 
easily predict the severity of the struggle between two such states as 
Sparta and Athens, and yet be profoundly ignorant of the length of 

time, in which it would be carried on. et ns — efcXoy/foiro = el 

eKkoyl^oLo-'^e. So we frequently use one, some one, etc. for the personal 
pronouns. Of. S. § 165. b ; Mt. § 487. 3 ; K. § 303. E. 6. 

3. yap introduces an explanation of ovk iXdxto-rov, Kal before 

do-TvyeiTovas is epexegetical, especially, even. Poppo refers do-rvysL- 
rovas to the Argives, and some of the Arcadians with whom the 

Lacedaemonians waged frequent and bloody wars. Trapojjioios, of 

the same description, i. e. military rather than naval. So Arnold 
explains with the Schol. Didot takes d\Kr} in the sense of epcorj, or. 
the ground that the common explanation (vires, strength) conflicts 
with the beginning of the next chapter, where superiority in strength 
and numbers over the Athenians is claimed. But if TrapofxoLos refers 
to the Mnd rather than the degree of power, that objection will be of 

no force. ol6v re refers to ASeTz/, and is therefore in the neuter. 

Literally, to proceed against each one is possiMe. When spoken of 

persons, olds re means ctble. ec^' €Kaara. Duk. supplies rd x^^p^^i 

with the Schol. eKas Peloponnesus. Iblco koL drjjjLoo-icp, p)ri- 

vate and public. ISTotice the distinctness and emphasis given to the 
nouns in this sentence by the frequent use of the conjunction. - — - ii/l 
ye x^P^^t ^^ least in any one place. Athens, in the height of her 
prosperity, contained at least 200,000 inhabitants. Of. Leake's ilthens, 

I. p. 440; Appendix XXIIL ^opov virordK^is. See IST. on L 19 

§ 1. Tipos- Tovrovs refers to avhpas, which is repeated by the pro- 
noun, in consequence of the words which intervene between it and 

the verb apaa'^ai. S. § 160. IST. 5. iriarevo-avras agrees with y]p,ds 

the omitted subject oV e'neix%x]vai. Repeat xph from the preceding 

4. vavah depends on TTia-revaavTas to be mentally supplied from 

the preceding context. ^o-o-ovs in ships. xP^^^^ iuia-rai, time 

loill intervene, i. e. before the thing spoken of can be done, time will 
hi required. xPW^^^^'^ ^s joined in convstruction with vava-lv. — — 

Hosted by 


Chap. LXXXIJ K T E S . $21 

TToWS .... iWcLTTOfievy ifb this (i. e. wealth) we are still more deficient. 
The comparative is here strengthened hy ttoWS en. Of. K. § 239. R. 
1; S. § 159. 4. For the construction of tovtov^ cf. S. § 200. 3. The 
singular is employed although referring to a plural noun, '"be cause the 

noun is regarded in tlie abstract as a thing. Of. Mt. § 439. eV 

KOLVM (sc. ra/xi6ift). Of. Bos. Gr. Ellip. p. 127), in the common treasury. 

' €K TMv Idioiv^ from our pri'oate resources. The Lacedsemonians 

were poor, as is remarked by the Schol. on this passage. (pepofiep 

is employed here in the sense to contribute. 


It would be of little avail to invade and plunder the Athenian territory, since from other 
states they could import whatever was wanted (§§ 1, 2); any attempt also to induce 
their allies to revolt would require a fleet, on account of their insular position (§ 3) ; 
unless they overcame the Athenians by sea, or cut off the revenues by which their navy 
was supported, they themselves would sustain the greatest Injury in the war (§ 4) ; and. to 
abandon the contest at such a time, would be dishonorable to them, especially if they 
should be regarded as the authors of the war (§ 5) ; no one should think that the war 
would be brought to a speedy close, by an inroad into the enemy's country, for the Athe- 
nians were not the men to succumb, merely because their territory was invaded (§ 6). 

1, rots- orrXoLs = rols oTrXirais. But Bloomf. thinks that the word 
refers to the use of arms, in which the LacedsBmonians particularly 

excelled. avTcbv depends on vrrepcpepofxev. S. § 189, — — rS TrXr^Set 

is spoken with reference to ox^os- in 1. 80. § 3, and signifies able-bodied 
men, who are fit to be soldiers. Bloomf. understands by it what we 
call po^mlation^ in which the Peloponnesians exceeded the Athenians. 

2. Toh = rovTois. S. § 166. aWr] yrj. Of. 1. 143. § 4, where 

Pericles says the same thing. The following note from Goeller's 
edition, will give the reader some view of tlie extent of the Athenian 
dominion, and the number of their allies. " ciXXiju yrjv Schol. interpre- 
tatur Thraciam et loniam. Adde Euboese magnam partem, Oycladas 
pgene omnes et ceteras insulas inter Peloponnesum, Oretam et Asiam, 
Dores maritimos, Samios, multos ex Hellespontiis, multas urbes G-rsecas 
in oris Thraciea et Macedonia, Oropum in confiniis in Boeoti83. Adde 
Atheniensium oolonias, Scyrum, Lemnum, Imbrum, JEginetas, qui turn 
yEginam tenebant, Hesti^enses in Euboea. Naxios, iVn dries, fortasse 
etiam Tenios et Oeos, partim Amx)hipolitanos, itemque partim Thuri- 
nos. Adde fcederatos cum Atheniensibus Barbaros, Sitalcen, regem 
Odrysarum, Odomantos, populum Thraoias,' Philippum et Derdam, 
orincipes Macedonum, Pelasgos ad Athon habitantes, Edones, in Italia 

Hosted by 


328 KOTES. [Book! 

Messapios, in Sicilia Segestanos, Siculos, etc." - — - €k = hd. — - mv 

= cKelva hu. — cTrd^ovrai. Kriig. conjectures iad^ovTai. 

3. aqnardvaL^ to cause to revolt. — derjcreL vr](TLd)TaLS^ it. will te 

necessary to assist these with a fleet^ /because (see N". on I. 9. § 4) for 
the most part they are islanders. 

4, rts . . . . 6 TTokeiJios^ what sort of a war then loill this le of ours f 
— how disastrous will l)e this war of ours ! rls ovv ecrrau ■=■ Kara irolou 

TpoTTov. Schol. yap Ulustrantis follows in the next sentence. ac^ 

a»z/, from which, dirb here denotes the material (cf. K. § 288. 3. e). 
Perhaps it is better, however, to regard it as designating the mediate 

instrument. ^Xayj/^ofjie'^a has here the passive signification. Of. 

Soph. Gy. Yerbs, p. 106. 

5, rovTcp.^ in this situation. Karakveor'^aL.^ to come to terms.^ to 

treat for peace^ is the subject of the sentence. aXkcos re Ka\ et, 

especially if colso^ introduces a circumstance, which heightens the 
dishonor of treating for peace, at a time when the party making the 
overtures is worsted in the war. 

6. /x?) — eiraLpdifie^a^ let US not le excited (see 'B. on I. 42. § 2). Cf. 

S. § 218. 2. eKeivrj ye rrj eXTiiSi, icith that hope at least., \. e. wdiat- 

ever other hopes we may entertain, let us not expect that so formida- 
ble a power as Athens will be crushed by merely laying waste her 

territories, ye is therefore highly restrictive here. w? (Jioio that) 

raxv 7Tav?ir}crerai k. r. X. is epexegetical of eXnidL. dedoiKa. . . .vtto- 

XiTTcofiev (S. § 214. b). An almost prophetic foreboding, upon which 
the Schol. remarks, that Thucydides seems to have had in mind /x/)S' 
rjiMV reKeecrcTL r 07rio"0"a) rrrjixa XtTTOiro. Horn. II. 3. 160. be is here 
strongly adversative = hut (so far from the war being speedily termi- 
nated) I fear rather^ etc. ovrcos elicds — Mre., so tmlilcely is it. 

The dative (jypovrjfxari (toith their high spirit) may be ranked with 
datives designating the mode or manner, and so Jelf in his Index of 
Authors (Gram. Yol. I. p. 452) regards it. Steph. makes it stand for 

VTTo (j)povr]p.aros. ■ — rfj yjj dovXevcrai^ " i. e. rijs yrjs eveKa dovXevcraL^ 

metu ne ab hostibus vastetur, se snbjicere cuilibet conditioni." Haack. 
This expression is similar to those wdiich we so often use : he is a slave 
to raoney., to amibition^ to pleasure^ etc., by wdiich we mean, an attach- 
ment to these things so inordinate, that every thing else is sacrificed 
iOr their attainment. Thus if the Athenians yielded as soon as they 
saw their country plundered, they would evince a spirit of slavery to 
their soil, by the preference given to that, over the enjoyment of true 

liberty. KarairXayrjmi. In the simple verb it is nX-qyTjuai. Soph. 

Gr. Verbs, p. 223. 

Hosted by 


Chap. LXXXIL] K O T E S . 329 


The Lacedsemonians should not overlook the wi'ongs of their allies, lut make them tho 
ground of expostulation, in the meantime raising auxiliary forces both of Greeks and 
Barbarians, and getting their affairs in a state of readiness for war (§ 1); if the Athenians 
listened to their expostulations, the result would be most happy, but if they did not, 
then after due preparations, it would be advisable to march against them (§ 2) ; perhaps, 
in view of the preparations of the Lacedaemonians, they would prefer coming to terms, 
in order to preserve their territory from devastation (§ 3) ; whicli territory the Lacede- 
monians held as a surety, and it should therefore be spared as long as possible (§ 4) ; as 
things now are, its devastation would bring disgrace and difficulty upon the Peloponne- 
sians, since accusations may be cleared away, but a war undertaken to redress private 
grievances cannot easily be brought with honor to a close (§§ 5, 6). 

1. ov fjLYju ovde — /ceXeuoo, dut yet I do not did you. The two nega- 
tives in this formula serve to strengthen the negation, and are to be 
taken together, and not separately, as Hoog. (Gr. Part. p. 152. XII.) 
supposes, the former denying simply and generally, the other particu- 
larly. Of. S. 230. 1. amio-Si^ro)?, as if without perception =z as 

thougli you were indifferent. Reference is had to the expression, rh 

ava[(T'^y]Tov^ uttered by the Corinthians (I. 69. § 3). /xTJTrco, not yet^ 

i. e. not immediately. kivo^v^ ireixireLv and the other infinitives 

which follow, depend on KiKcvw. ixr^re. . . .imrp^^ofXEv. "The 

sense is, neither to threaten war too plainly, and yet to let them see, 
that we shall not allow them to go on as they are going on." Arnold. 
/x?}^' cds €TnTpey\/o}X€V =■ kol (re in fJ-rjre) jirj drjXovi'Tas.) cc>s €7rtrp€\j/ofi€Vj 
or KOL drjXovvras cos ovk iirLTpeyfroiiev^ where for cjg iiriTpe'^Ofxev SOme 

such word as dfxeXiav should stand. av in kuv (i. e. kol av) belongs 

to e^apTveor'^ai. rovro) (sc. xP^^^^-) ^^ '^^^^ meantime. irpocr- 

ayooyg, 'by a bringing OT)er^ by an accession, et TroSei/, if from any 

quarter^ from lohatever quarter. In respect to the punctuation of 

this passage, I am inclined to follow that which is adopted by Haack, 
and partially by Arnold, i. e. to place a comma after TrpoaXrjyp-o/jie'^a 
and eKTToptfcojueSa, inclosing dv€7rL(f)?iovov. . . .diaa-co^rjvaL in the marks 

of a parenthesis. In this way kol in kol eKTropi^coyie'^a responds to 

re before Trpoo-aywyJ, the two propositions containing the mode of 

effecting the object, expressed in ra rip^erepa avrap i^aprv^cr'^ai. 

dueTTich^ovov (see N". on I. 75. § 5) belongs to haa-co^irjvaL^ which is the 
subject of the sentence. S. § 153. Se = yap. oVot coarrep 

.... €Tn^ovk€v6p€^a = €K€LU0V£ (tliC subjcot of diao-co'^rjvaL) octol eTTl^OV- 

Xevovrat &(T77€p k. t. X. Of. Jelf's Kiihn. §§ 817. 4; 895. 3. See E". on 
III. 67. § 7. — — ra avrcov ~ to. rjiicov avrcop. The reflexive pronouns 
of the third person are often used as general reflexives without refer- 

Hosted by 


330 NOTES. [BooKl 

ence to person. — — iKTropL^a/jie^a to have corresponded with Trpoo-- 
aycoyg, should have been, as Poppo remarks, [e/^] Tropicriif. This clanse 
refers to the second mode of obtaining supplies, viz. from their own 

2. ravra apiara (sc. eir]) = tMs will 1)6 tlie test issue of the affair. 
A truly noble sentiment, worthy of the experience and high station of 

the speaker. bieX'xioprcov rpiap^ when (see E". on I. 13. § 6) Udo 

or three years haw elapsed ; literally, two and three years. Of. rowv- 

rav KOL irapairXrjo-icDv^ I. 22. § 4. apeivov is to be constructed with 

iretppayfiepoL (perf. part. pass, of (j)pd(T(joo), heing tetter prepared for 
defence. rjv boKjj is to be taken with tpev eV avrovs. 

3. avTjj (referring to Trapao-Kevrjv) opola vTroaijpaivopras^ signifying 
the same things as our actions. Bloomf. says that vTroaTjpalvco signifies, 
to give a private o-rjpa or intimation of any thing, sudindico^ to inti- 
mate. paWov belongs to av e'LKoiev. e'xovTes and 6pQ)VT€s (su- 
pra) denote time. See N^. on 1. 13. § 6. ecp'^appevcov by a hostile 

irruption. Arohidamus afterwards acted on the principle which ho 
here recommended. Of. II. 18. 

4. oprjpov, pledge^ surety. Suidas explains it, ivexvpov^ to eh clpr}- 

p-qv bibopevov inl avp^rjKai^. Bauer takes e^eLp in the sense of 

Trap^x^LP^ they furnish to you. Bloomf. makes it stand for Karex^ip. 
Livy, y. 42, is cited in illustration of this passage: "non omnia con> 

cremare tecta ut pignus, ad flectendos hostium animos haberent." 

ovx fjcraop oaco = Toaovrco paXXop oaco. ijs., i. e. their territory. 

For the genitive, cf. S. § 197. 2. is aivopoiav Karaa-TrjoravTas^ by 

hringing them into desperoMon. 

5. iyKkrjpaaip ineLx^epres^ being incited by the accusations. Some 
translate : hastening on account of the accusations (Mt. § 398. 5), but 
this is less suited to the context, for here Archidamus refers not so 
much to haste, as to an excited state of mind which begets hasty and 

ill-concerted measures. ■ avTr]p refers to r7]p yrjp supra. Spare 

oTTcos prj.^ beware lest., or more literally, see to it that — not. alaxtop 

and aTTopcorepoi/ are here used for the positive with paXXop. The other 
member of the comparison may be mentally supplied thus : moo^e of 
disgrace (than of honor), which is better 'than with Gail, to attach the 

notion of 7iimis to the comparative. rrpd^opep. The cauon of 

Dawes, that the subjunctive of the first aorist (except in the passive 
voice) cannot follow onoiis /^i?, is now beginning to be doubted by many 
3f the best scholars and critics. Of. Jelf 's Kiibn. § 821. 1. See. K. on 
1 73. § 1. The reading of Dindorf is that of Bekker, to whose tact in 
respect to the use or rejection of the indicative, Arnold expresses him- 
self disnosed to defer and therefore follows him here in the employ- 

Hosted by 


Chap. LXXXTIL] j^OTES. ggl 

ment of the indicative. Poppo, Goeller, Haack, and Bloomf. edit TTpd^- 
o)/xej/, to whioli reading I am inclined. 

6. olov T€. See N. on I. 80. § 3. rav Idlcov. The Schol. 

refers this to the Corinthians, hut there were others who complained 
of the Athenians, as the Megareans (I. 67. § 4), and in § 5 supra, we 
have Tols rcdv ^vixixdxoov eyKkijixcKTiv iireix'^^VTCS. There is no doubt, 

however, that the Corinthians are more especially referred to. 

ovX vnapx^i-, ^^ "^S not 2^0Ssible. KaS' on x<^PW^h "^'^<^^ 

will ha/D6.^^ Bloomf. 


It should not be deemed the result of cowardice, that so many states did not immediately 
attack a single state (§ 1), for the Athenians have many allies and much tribute, and 
war demands treasures no less than arms (§ 2) ; means therefore for carrying on the war 
should be provided, and as the greatest share of responsibility would fall to the Lacedae- 
monians in the war, they ought to deliberate well as to what would be its most probable 
issue (§ 3), 

1. dvavdpia is the predicate, and ttoWovs eTreXSeTi/ the subject 

of the proposition. 

2. yap introduces a reason why pusillanimity should not be charged 

upon the allies for not declaring war immediately. kg/, also. 

eXdo-crovs refers only to ^vppaxoi ' allies not less in number (than our 
own), and who bring tTiem tribute. The allies of the Lacedaemonians 

were exempt from paying tribute.- ea-riv da7rdvr]s^ literally, 

war is not of arms the more but of treasures == war does not require 
arms so much as treasure. The full construction would be rb liKeov 
(sc. rj ba7rdv7}s\ dXkd 8a7rdvr)s (sc. to ttK^ov rj ottXcov). Cf. Jelf's 
Kiihn. § 774:. Obs. 5. The genitives may he referred to Mt. § 316 ; S. 

§ 190. bi rjv^ by means of which (i. e. of treasure), not on account 

of which. aXkcas. . . .^aXaaa-Lovs^ especially in the case of inland- 
ers at war loith a maritime potoer. This use of the dative is quite 
unusual. Bloomf. finds another example in tqIs TrpcoTots — x^^'P^'^^X^^^^f 
YI. 72. § 2. 

3. TTopLcrSpe'^a. S. § 218. 2. otVep de kol k. t. X. The order 

is : o'lTTep 5e e^opev ro iiXeov rrjs alrtas roov dTTO^aiv6vT(ov eir dpcpoTepa 

(i. e. whether the result be prosperous or the contrary). The words 
TO irkeov TTJs aWlas msij be rendered, the greater share of responsibility. 
Betant classes alTias with I. 39. § 3 ; 11. 18. § 3 ; 60. § 7 ; III. 13. § 7, 
in which places it must be rendered blame. But as r^i/ drrojSaimv' 

Hosted by 


332 KOTES. [Book I 

T(ov err djjLCJioTepa looks to the alternative of a successM as well as a 
disastrous issue, in which case no hlame would accrue to the Lacedce- 
monians, it is better to take alrias in the more general sense of cause 

whether of good or evil. ovroi is the antecedent of otVep. — — 

avrcov^ sc. rSiv airo^aivovTav. Notice the change of person in Trpot- 

Sa)/xei/, by which an application of the general sentiment is made to 
the case in hand. 


It should cause -no shame to be reproached -with delay, since haste would in the end pro- 
crastinate the war (§ 1) ; their moderation was prudence, which neither prosperity nor 
adversity, praise or reproach could disturb (§ 2) ; this rendered them both brave and 
wise, because a sedate and orderly temper inspired them with a keen sense of shame, and 
also a due regard to the laws, and they had been so educated as not to be sagacious in 
useless matters, nor to utter eloquent censures on the measures of the enemy, to which 
their deeds did not correspond ; but to regard the plans of others as very similar to their 
own, and beyond the power of eloquence to unfold (§ 3) ; presuming the measures of the 
enemy to be wisely taken, they should place no dependence upon their blunders, but 
upon their own courage and wisdom, not imagining any great difference to be among 
men, but that he is best, who has been trained up in what is most needful (§ 4). 

1. TO ^pabv Kol fjb^Xkov. See IsT. on to 7tl(tt6v^ I. 68. § 1. Respect- 
ing the charge of tardiness and dilatoriness to which Arohidamus here 
rephes, cf. I. 69. § 4 ; YO. §§ 2-4. Indeed no small portion of the Co- 
rinthian speech consisted in upbraiding the Lacedoamonians for their 
slow and procrastinating temper. 6 . . . . rnxodv^ loliich most espe- 
cially they Mame in us. fiaXia-Ta is to be taken with 6 =z: wMch more 
than any other thing. In respect to j^ftwi/, which Kiihner (§ 273. 5. f ) 
ranks with the genitive of material, I prefer with Crosby (§ 391. jJ) 
to regai'd it as a possessive genitive, in dependence upon the neuter 
pronoun, which in connection with verbs of praise, blame, or wonder. 

takes such a genitive. Cf. Mt. § 317. cnrevdojrr^s^ if you were to 

hasten (to the war). 8. § 225. 6. The apodosis is av iravama'^e, 
Bloomf. regards this as a sort of adage like our 'to make more haste 
than good speed,' and ' the furthest way round is the surest way 
home.' Compare the Latin proverb, festina lente. kol li^a in- 
troduces another reason why the Laced 83raonians should not be 
ashamed of the charge here responded to. There is no need with 
Bloomf. of supplying bia tovto^ since, as Haack observes, the speaker 
employs the argumentum ah effectu. The fact that the Lacedssmoni- 
ans had always enjoyed a free city, is adduced as proof that their 
habits were not deemed worthy of reprehension. 

Hosted by 


Chap. LXXXIV.] JSTOTES. 333 

2. BvvaTai—-TovT eZmt, " in this consists^ Bloomf. Perhaps the 
expression = can he regarded as. rovro refers to ro ^pabv koL fxiXKov 

(§ 1 supra), as does also avro in the next clause. evrrpaylais^ on 

account of success (Mt. § 398. b), or in 'prosioerity (K. § 283. 3). It is 
well remarked by Bloomf., -that Archidamus now proceeds to give a 
sort of sketch of the Lacedaemonian character, in opposition to that 

given of the Athenians yj the Corinthians. r^hv — i^orpwovrcov 

depends on rj^opjj^ in the sense of rj8oi>TJ rju 7Tape-)(ovcnv ol i^orpvvovres. 

ovbev belongs to both the participle and the verb. Of. I. 12. § 1 ; 

85. § 1. Betant interprets a2/e7re/o-3?7fiei/, we would lye persuaded^ 

as though it were the simple eTreia^-q^jLEv. Poppo also (Proleg. I. p. 
203) considers ava- as pleonastic. But Bloomfield more correctly 
makes it stand for /xeTe7reicr^r//xei/, we would le persuaded to change 
(our determination). The aorist here denotes customary action. See 
K on I. 70. § 6. 

8. TO evKoa-jjiov {good order) =:: rrjv a(o(ppocrvur)u^ which for the sake 

of variety is substituted for it in the next sentence. t6 ptev 

€v\j/vxici^ ihe one^ 'because a sense of shame is the main element of an 
orderly temper^ and from a sense of shame arises a manly spirit. The 
reasoning is syllogistical : a sense of shame is always attendant upon 
moderation and discretion; but a sense of shame begets a manly 
spirit; therefore a manly spirit is the result of moderation and discre- 
tion. TO }xh refers to TroXejut/coi, which is repeated in €v\j/vxia as 
alda)s is in alcrxvvrjs. The difficulty in interpreting this passage, has 

resulted from overlooking the synonymous Avords. o-cocfypocrvp-qs 

Trkela-Tov /xere;^et, shares most largely in moderation of temper. S. 

§ 191. E". Ev^ovkoi de responds to ro /xez/ (cf. Vig. p. 2. IV.) and 

refers back to eu/3ouXot — yiyvopLe^ia. dpia^ieo-Tepov .... TratSevo/xei/ot 

(a varied construction for Stl dpLa^eo-Tepov 7raiSeuo/xe3a), because we are 
too unlearned (spoken sarcastically) to despise the laws. dpa^eo-Tcpov 
is taken adverbially with TTatdevopiepoi. The genitive rrjs v7rEpo\jrias 
depends on dpa^ecTTepov (S. § 195. 1) in the sense of 37 axiTe tovs vop-ovs 
vTvepopdv. Of. Mt. § 451 ; S. 223. 1. This passage refei's to the re- 
proaches cast upon the Lacedaemonians in the speech of the Oorinthi- 

ans (I. 68). orcoCJ^popeo-Tepov. Repeat 7raLbev6p,€voL. TO. dxpela 

limits ^vP€Tol as the accusative synecdochical, and refers to the elo- 
quence studied and practised by the Athenians, but deemed by the 
Lacedgemonians of trifling importance and therefore neglected by 

them. The words Xoyco KoXoiis piepLCJyopievoi are opposed to dpopoioos 

€pyco eVe^teVat, and hence pepcjyopepoL may be rendered into English 
by an infinitive, in order to correspond to eVf^iemi, or by the indica- 
tive with an adverb of time, while we Name (see IST. on I. 13. § 6). 


Hosted by 


334 NOTES. [Book I. 

dvofioLnos to our harangues. eVegtemt depends grammatically on 

TraibevofjievoL^ although in a manner epexegetical of the clause immedi- 
ately preceding. — — vofxl^eiv. Supply again TrmBevofievoL — — jrapa- 
ttXtjctlovs^ sc. rals rjixcrepais. So Haack and Poppo. Arnold after 
Goel. gives as the sense of TrapairXrjcriovs . . . ,Tvx_asi H^^ to the chances 
of war^ which cannot be distinctly made out in words beforehand (ou 
\6y(o dLatperds), This may be the true sense of this obscure passage, 
and yet the objection made by Goel. to Haack's interpretation, that 
Tliucydides could not have been ignorant of the almost infinite diver- 
sity of the thoughts of men, is not very weighty, since diavolas refers 
here to purpose or intention in respect to the carrying on of war, 
which a skilful general will oftentimes divine, by considering what he 
hhnself would do, if placed in the situation of his enemy. 

4. aei Se — epyco is opposed to oi) Xoycp biaip€Tas^ the construction 
being changed from the infinitive to the finite verb irapacnc^va^oixc'^a. 

oas , . , ,evavTiovs is put for upos rov^ ivavrlovs ms" Tvphs cv (SovXevo- 

fievovs. The preposition, wlien it should stand twice with two dif- 
ferent nouns, is often put only once, and then not with the principal 
noun, but with the substantive in apposition, if that precedes. Of. 

Mt. § 595. 4. a>s dpapTr)(ToiJiev(Dv^ on the supposition that they will 

commit llunders. K. § 312. 6 ; S. § 226. a. ms r^pwv npovoov- 

fjL€V(ov. The construction is, aXX' (ex'^iu bel ras iXiridas €^) r}{.ia)P avTOiv 

039 dcrcjjaXcbs irpouoovp^evcov. ttoXv re . . . ,dv?ipoc>7rov. The sentiment 

is similar to that contained in vopl^eiv. . . ^elvai (§ 3 supra), as given by 
Haack and Poppo, only more general, av'^pcoirov is the subject of 

diacpepetv upon which du?ip(D7rov depends (S. § 198. 2). ip ro7s 

dvayKaiordroLs^ in things that are necessary^ opposed to rot dxpela in 
§ 3 supra. 


In short, since they had been prosperous under the institutions handed down hy their fore- 
fathers, they should not cast thera aside, and act with precipitation in an affair of such 
moment (§ 1) ; hut should send an embassy to Athens on the affairs complained of^ and 
meanwhile make preparations for war (§ 2). Archidamus having closed his speech, Sthe 
nelaidas, one of the ephors, rises to reply (§ 8). 

1. yufXeras-, institutions^ referring more particularly to the educa 
tion of children and youth, according to the laws of Lycurgus. — - 
mcj^eXovpevoL exofiev^ IDC have used toith advantage. See JS[. on I. 67 
§ 1. fir} Tvapcbpev (S. § 218. 2). The object is /xeXeVas-. ■ tir]B\ 

Hosted by 


Chap. LXXJCVI.] I^OTES. 335 

This negative belongs to the whole proposition with which it is con- 
nected. See 'N. on I. 12. § 1 ; 84. § 2. Trepl iroXKoou a-cdfjidTcou 

K. T. X., mvohing many Iwes^ much wealthy etc. In respect to the re- 
petition of /<a/, see N. on I. 80. § 3. e^eorri, SC. /caS' y](jvy[av (3ov- 

Xeueiv from the preceding context. fiaXXov irepccu =2 fiaXXov fj 

erepois. Mt. § 454. 01)8. 2. The Corinthians are referred to in irepcov. 
Of. I. 69. § 5 ; 71. § 1. — — dia la-xvv^ on account of our poioer^ which 
would deter any one from attacking us rashly. 

2. iT€p\ hv =. 7r€p\ iK€LP(ov ci^ of whlch the relative is constructed 
with aSi/ceitrSat, according to the formula ddLKelp rivd n. In respect 
to ol ^VfxpLaxoL (pacrtv a§t/ceTcr3ai, cf. I. 67. § 4. — — ciWcos re Kal. 

See K. on I. 83. § 2. iTolficov. . . .SoOmi, smce they are ready to 

suhnit to trial. The participle here denotes cause. See N. on I. 9. 

§ 4 (end). On bUas Sovvai^ see N. on I. 28. § 2. Se = ycip. — — 

ddLKovvra^ by its antithesis with rov didovra (sc. StVa?), signifies one 
who is convicted of wrong-doing, or who refuses to submit to a judi- 
cial investigation. The subject of this sentence is Uvai, with which 
the predicate v6p.Lp,ov is put in agreement, and which is qualified by 

ov nporepou. yap. The ellipsis may be supplied, for (by thus 

doing) you will consult^ etc. 

3. ^?i€V€\atdas. Cf. Pausan. III. 7. § 10 (cited by Poppo) : 2'^eve- 
Xatbas^f es re aXka ayv ovk dbvvaros iv AaKeSat/xoi^i, Koi i<pop€V(DV iv t<5 
Tore.^ rov nokepiov pLoKicrTa iyevero alrios. 


Sthenelaidas commences his speech, which is truly Spartan in its brevity and blantness, 
by professing his inability to comprehend the speech of the Athenians, who had said 
many things in their own praise, but had passed over the charges made against them by 
the allies in perfect silence. If they had done well in the Persian war and v/ere now con- 
ducting badly, they ought to receive a double punishment for ceasing to be good and 
for becoming bad (§ 1); as the Lacedaemonians had not changed, they should delay not 
to revenge the injuries done to their allies (§ 2) ; whatever might be the resources of 
the Athenians, yet they had allies, wliose wrongs should not be redressed by words but 
by actions (§ 3); not the avengers but the doers of an injury should consume time in 
deliberation (§ 4) ; the dignity of Sparta, and a regard for their allies, demanded that a 
cheek should be put upon the rising power of the Athenians (§ 5), 

1 . dvre^TTOP 009 ovk ddiKovo-L. See N. on ws ov after dvTeXeyoT/, I. 

77. § 3. KULTOL f I, and yet if— granting that. — biTrKacrias Ct 

mas. Of. Ill 67. § 2. 

Hosted by 


336 N^OTES. [BooRl 

2. 6{jioioL^ the same^ i. e. liberators of Greece (as the Schol. remarks). 

oi d' Trdax^i'i^' There are two modes of interjDreting this 

passage, according as fie Woven Trda-yjt^v is taken in the sense of to he 
about to suffer^ or to delay suffering^ both of which tend to the same 
thing, viz. that the alhes are now actually suffering injuries. The 
latter signification is preferred by Haack, as more consentaneous with 
jueXX}^ o-o/xev which precedes. Thus there would be a play on these 
words, which are here strongly opposed : let us not delay to take 'uen- 
^eance—for our allies do not delay to suffer injuries. ol ^ is em- 
ployed for the demonstrative pronoun. 

3. ciXkoLs. i. e. the Athenians. — — ovs eVrtV, whom we must 

not hetray to the Athenians. The verbal jrapaBoTea is followed by 
the same case as its verb. " The use of the plural for the singular, 
appears to have arisen from the want of a noun or definite object of 
sense, to give strict unity to the conception." Crosby § 451. E. 

' fir) Xoyo) is to be taken with (SXairrofxevovs^ and so I have pointed the 
passage. Traj/rl a'^hu^ with all our might. 

4. ddcKovfievovs^ when we are injured (see N". on I. 13. § 6), is to be 

constructed with ^ovXevccr'^ai. dXKd — fxaXXov TrpeTrei^ hut it is 

rather becoming. The general sentiment is, that men ought to con- 
sult long before they commit an act of injustice, but in punishing evil- 
doers, there was no need of deliberation. ttoKvv Kpovov is spoken in 
reference to the words of Archidamus, I. 85. § 5. 

5. d^Lcos rrjs ^irdpTrjs., i. e. as is suitable to the dignity of Sparta. 
KaraiTpo8ida){jL€P = Trpodidajjiep^ O^ly stlSOnger. — — ^vp to7s SeoTj. 

mth the aid of the gods. 


Bthenelaidas, in virtue of his office as ephor, puts tlio question to vote in the Lacedaemo- 
nian assembly (§ 1) ; pretending that he could not determine, by the shout, on wliich 
side was the majority, he proceeds to take the question by a division of the assembly, 
by which it appeared that by a large majority the treaty was declared to be brokei? 
(§§ % 3) ; the allies having been called in and informed of the vote, it was resolved to ca^ 
a general meeting of the allies, and submit to them the question of war, in order ths 
if it was resolved upon, it might be waged in concert (§ 4) ; after this decision of the as 
sembly, which took place the fourteenth year of the thirty years' truce, the allies anu 
Athenians return home (§§ 5, 6). 

1. e7r€^jrrj(j)i^(V — is rrjv iKKkrja-lav (^: eV rfj eKKkrja-ia)^ put the ques- 
tion to 'vote in the assembly. i7T€\jrr]([)t(€Lv = ■^p'ricj)ov ivpo'^fivaL. Of. Mt. 

Hosted by 


Chap. LXXXYIL] K T E S . 3|j7 

§ 402. Obs. ' €^opos cov. On the powers and duties of the ephors, 

cf. Mlill. Dorians, II. pp. 114-132. 

2. ov yj/'rj^xp. " Sed ne ipsi quidem Athenienses in ecclesia calculis 
utebantur, sed ;\;6ipovoi^m." Haack. This however was not always 

the case. icrrh is to be suppUed with oTrorepa /xeifooi/, and has 

properly for its subject rrjv (So-qp^ which is transferred into the principal 

clause as its object. See IST. on TroXtv, I. 72. § 1. • avrovs depends 

on Spfxrjo-ai. aTTodetKvvfLevovs denotes the means. See N. on I. 9. 

§ 1. This device of Sthenelaidas caused many to vote for the war, 
who dared not openly to go against what seemed to be the popular 
side of the question. — — 6rco refers for its antecedent to the omitted 
subject of dpaa-rrjTO)^ and limits boKova-i. — ~ ol 'A?ir]vaLOL. Repeat 

mentally doKovcn. deltas is to be referred to eXe^ep^ as though 

written eXc^ev deltas ri x^^pi-ov avrols. The sentence, as it now stands, 

is parenthetical. 6tw — jirj doKova-tv. See N". on ocrris^ I. 40. § 2. 

is TO. inl '^drepa. Repeat dvacrTr]r(o, 

3. dva(TTdpT€£. Haack thinks that it may be inferred from this, 
that the Laced semonians, after the custom of the heroic age, sat upon 
the ground while they were deliberating. " Sed cur dvacrTr}vai minus 
recte ad eos, qui de sedibus surrexerint, spectare posse crediderit, nos 
prseterit." Poppo. — — oh == iicfLvoi ols^ the antecedent being the 

subject of iyevovTO. 

4. (7<55to-t iiev doKoUv = they had determined = it was their opinion. 
• Tovs rravras ^vp,p.d)(ovs. Of. I. 119. 

5. ot jueV, i. e. the Corinthians and the other Lacedsemonian allies. 

• e^' direp ^X?iov^ having transacted the hiisiness for which they 

fi^u^d come (see N. on dirla-rr}^ I. 62. § 1). 

6. Toil — XcXva^ioi is the attributive genitive in dependence on dia- 
yvoajxYi^ with which it is properly in apposition. Of. the Homeric 

^iKlov TTToXU'^pov^ and the Latin uros Momm. • iv r« . . . . Se/caro). 

" Mense hujus anni quinto vel medio vel exeunte." Poppo. •— ^^ra 
va EvIBo'iKa^ after the E^iboic war. 

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338 NOTES. [Book I 


Having related the ostensible causes of the war in chaps. 24-87, the his 
torian now recurs to a remark made in chap. 23. § 6, that the real ground of 
the war was the fear, with which the Lacedaemonians regarded the great and 
rapid increase of the Athenian power. In order to make this evident, he 
now proceeds to give in detail a historj of the affairs of Greece, from the 
cJose of the Persian war down to the commencement of the Peloponnesian 
war. In this narrative, he shows in what way the Athenians had augmented 
their power, the policy which governed their treatment of their allies, and 
their steady purpose to promote the aggrandizement of their own state, the 
gradual withdrawal of the Lacedaemonians from the public affairs of Greece, 
and their virtual surrender of the general guidance and control to the Athe- 
nians. It is one of the most valuable summaries of history which has been 
handed down to us, and is justly celebrated for its perspicuity, conciseness, 
and evident truthfulness and impartiality. The reader, who would under- 
stand well the position and relative strength of the two leading states of 
Greece, when the Peloponnesian war broke out, should make himself very 
familiar with the events of these preceding years, which the ancient gram- 
marians distinguished by the common name of the fifty years. Arnold 
remarks, that "to follow the history in chronological order, a reader, after 
finishing Herodotus, should take up Thucydides at the 89th chapter, and 
read to the 117th inclusive: he should then go back to the 24th, and read 
from thence to the 88th inclusive, after which he should proceed directly to 
the 118th." 

This summary of Greek history may be divided into, (1) the manner in 
which the Athenians attained to their power (chaps. 89-96) ; (2) the causes 
and events which led to their subjugation of the allies (chaps. 97-118). I 
would venture here to suggest, that these chapters (i. e. 88-117), in conse- 
quence of their comparative freedom from involved constructions and other 
perplexing difficulties, which embarrass the reader in other portions of our 
author, might advantageously be read first, as a kind of introduction to thf 
Btyle, and a gradual preparation for reading the more difficult pa^'ts. 


This chapter serves to introduce the digression contained in chaps. 89 IIT. 

1. ov TO(Tovrov. . . , SuvT/Scoorti/, Hot SO mucJi decaus6 they delieved (see 
N. on I. 9. § 4) the statements of their allies^ as "because they feared 

Hosted by 


Chap. LXXXIX.] K T E S . 339 

lest the Athenians should "become more and more powerful. The con- 
struction is as though it had been written, cjio^ovijievoi iirj ov *A^?;mTot 

— hvvrj'^aicn. See IST. on ttoXii/, I. 72. § 1. opavres is related to 

cj^o^ovfiemi as denoting the cause why they feared. The extent of 
dominion attributed to the Athenians by the Lacedemonians is doubt- 
less exaggerated, unless, as Bloomf. thinks, the Athenian allies, sub- 
jects, and colonies, both in Greece, Asia, and elsewhere, are included 
in the general expression here made use of. See N". on I. 81. § 2. 


The design of this summary of Grecian history, which extends from the siege of Sestos to 
the beginning of the Peloponnesian war, is to show the origin and progress of the Athe- 
nian po^Yer in Greece (§ 1) ; tlie Persians having "been driven from Europe and conquered 
at Mycale, Leotychides the Spartan king, witli the Peloponnesian allies, returns home, 
but the Athenians and their confederates remaining lay siege to Sestos and succeed in 
taking it, after which they return to their respective homes (§ 2) ; the Athenians then 
bring back their wives and children, and prepare to rebuild the city and its walls (§ 3). 

1. ^X'^ov r]v^rj^r](Tav^ ''' ad res gereudas 'oenerunt^ per quas crem- 

rmitP Portus. 

2. I prefer with Haaok to construct h MvkqXtjv with ol KaTa<pvy6i^- 
T€s^ those of them who had fled away in their ships to Mycale. There 
is, however, no serious objection to constructing it with Sce^Sapj^crai/, 

were defeated at Mycale. AecoTi;;^;/^?;?, Leotychides the grandfather 

of Archidamus II. (see N. on I. T9. § 2), after the battle of Mycale, 
was sent into Thessaly, where, after several successes obtained over 
those who had joined the Barbarians in the Persian war, he yielded 
to the bribes of the Aleuadas, for which he was brought to trial on his 
return home, and went into exile to Tegea, a. o. 469, where he died. 

Of. Smith's Diet. Gr. and Rom. Biog. and Mythol. ^-qarov^ Sestos., 

lay on the Thracian side of the Hellespont. Its possession was deemed 
of importance, because it commanded in a great measure the channel. 

Here Xerxes crossed the Hellespont on bridges of boats. iirix^i- 

jjidcroures., having remaiiied through the icinter. eKXiTrovrcop^ having 

abandoned. — - — o)? eKaa-roi -=. (wy €Ka(Troi erv^ov. 

3. TO /coti^oV, the comrnoi ■irealth^ contains the idea of plurality, and 
hencxj takes a plural verb {hi^KoyiL^ovTo)., and has alrols referring to 
it in tlie plural (cf. Mt. § 302). ' The pronoun avTois follows dirrjX^ov^ 
as showing to whom the action expressed in the verb has reference 

Hosted by 


340 NOTES. [Book I. 

(cf. Jelf s Kiiliii. § 600. 2), or it may depend on x®P«?) i^ ^^^^ sense of 

the adnominal genitive. Of. S. § 201. 5. 6?i€u = ivrev'^ev ov {libi). 

For the attraction of relative adverbs, cf. K. § 882. R. 7; S. § 175. 1. 

-uTre^e'Seyro, lictd removed tliemfor safety. Notice the force of virb 

and €K in this verb, the latter communicating the idea, out of danger^ 

and the former, removal to a secret or retired situation. rr]v 

ttoXlv as distinguished from to. relxq^ is to be taken in the sense of 

houses. at ixev iToWai and oXlyai de are in partitive apposition 

with oi/cmt, which should properly he put in the genitive denoting 
the whole (cf. K. § 206. 3 ; S. § 156. 3). Render : the greater ^oart 
of the houses had fallen., and lut few remained standing. 


The Lacedaemonians, when they hear that the Athenians are about to rebuild their walla, 
partly of their own accord, and partly instigated by their allies, send an embassy to 
Athens (§ 1), and under pretence that the enemy, if they should return, should have no 
fortified place whence to, sally forth, desire the Athenians to desist from their erection 
(§ 2) ; but Themistocles advises his fellow-citizcns to dismiss the Lacedemonian embassy, 
with the promise that they would send envoys to Sparta concerning the matter in hand, 
of wliom he being one would repair immediately to Sparta, while they, remaining at 
Athens his associates in the embassy, should apply themselves to the ^^ ork of fortifying 
the city with all their energies and resources (§ 8); after the giving of which advice, he 
takes his departure (§ 4) ; having arrived at Sparta he defers his attendance on the 
authorities, under the pretence that he is waiting for his colleagues (§ 5). 

1. TO fxeWov (see l^T. on I. 68. § 1), what was adoiU to be done., i. e. 

that the city was about to be fortiiied. rjX'^ov Trpea^sla^ loent by 

embassy. = sent an embassy. ra pcev. . . . opcoi/re?, pai'tly becaAise 

(see IST. on I. 9. § 4) they loould (av) have been more glad to see. — — 
TO Se responds to to. /xeV, the singular being employed for the sake 

of emphasis, i^oTpwovTodv denotes cause. 6 irplv ov^ vrrrip^e,, 

whicJi formerly did not exist, o refers to TrXrjSoy, and therefore it 
is not denied that there was any shipping, but only that the fleet was 
not numerous, which was true, for previous to the Persian war the 
Athenians had comparatively no navy. Of. 1. 14. § 3. 

2. avTovs^ i. e. the Athenians. aXka kul^ but rather. oo-ots 

€l(TTf]K€t (sc. T€ixri cognato to rot's- 7Tcpt(36Xov9^ the enclosures^ loalls)^ 
as many as had walls standing, oa-ots refers to tccv e^oa HeXoTrowrjo-ov 
{of those cities without Peloponnesus)., and limits €lcrTr]K€i. Arnold 
prefers ^vP€i(rTrjK€t^ stood or held together^ i. e. existed unruined. — 

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Chap. XC] isu LihB, 341 

^vyKa'^eXelv depends on tj^lovp. a-^oov^ i. e. the Lacedaemonians. 

TO (SovXoixevop := rrjv ^ovXrjaip^ their wisJi^ desire. See K. on I. 

QQ. § 1. 65" rovs 'A^irjvalovs depends on vttotttov. cas de — ovk 

av €)(^ovTos = (pd(TK0VT€s Se, on (et /jlt) rei;(t^ot6-z/) ovk av €)(ol. For ttlis 
use of o)?, see N. on I. 73. § 5. In respect to the employment of the 
participle instead of the substantive sentence (i. e. cos followed by a 
finite verb), cf. K. § 329. 6. K. 5. The difference between the two 

modes of construction is only in form. dno ixypov iro^ev^ from 

any fortijied place wliate^oer. amp^copT/crti', place of retreat. 

d(popfjir]v^ a scUlying place ; '•''locus unde fit impetus.'''^ Betant. It is 
like our military phrase, hase of operations. The duplicity and mean- 
ness of the Lacedsemonians in this affair, was effectually counteracted 
by the firmness and sagacity of Themistocles, as we shall see in the 

3. ypoopr}^ l)y the admce^ suggestion. rovs AaKedaifiopiovs de- 
pends on dnqWa^au. The natural order of construction would have 

placed dTTOKpLvdpevoi . . . .\eyovcnv immediately after yvcoprj. cos 

avTQvs. See ]Sr. on I. 34. § 2. nepl hv = Tiepl eKelvoiU a. irpos 

eavTM^ besides himself. iKTrep^neLv. Repeat eKeXevej/. P-^XP'' 

. . . .apcocriy^ imtil they should ha'de raised the wall (to a height) suffi- 
cient. In respect to the subjunctive, see 1^. on KcaXvcovTat^ I. 26. § 2. 

Loare dTropdx^o''^ciL explains iKavop. €k. , . .v^ovs^ the height 

which loas barely necessary.^ i. e. to a height, less than which would be 

useless for purposes of defence. 7rav8r)p€l is rendered still more 

emphatic, by koI aiirovs Tralbas which follows. Oor. IsTep. includes 

also the servants in the number of those who engaged in raising the 

walls and repairing the fortifications. tIs co^eXeia, any thing of 

service for the work. 

4:. vneLTTcdj/ TctWa oTL is put by attraction for vTreLTrcov on raXka. 
Haaok places a comma after vTrenvayv. ra^et, i. e. at Sparta. 

5. ras dpxds^ the magistrates. Goel. says that the ephors are 

meant. SiTJye, sc. t6v ;(poz^oi/. 7rpov(pacri^ero^ made excuses. 

Frontinus says that he feigned sickness. rcdv iv reXei ovrcoy^ of 

those who loere 'in office. The same persons are here referred to as in 
raff dpxds. — — on is here put for hi6n. Of. Mt. § 488. 8. Bloomf. 

supplies TL io-nv. TO KOLvov refers to the common assembly, before 

addressing which, as Bloomf. remarks, it was necessary to obtain the 

permission of the dpxai da-xoXlas 8e tlvos ova-rjs^ on account of 

some engagement 

Hosted by 


342 NOTES [Boo^i 


The confidence of the Lacedaemonians in the declarations of Themistocles, is somewhat 
shaken by the counter-statement of others, who report that the walls are building (§ 1) 
they are persuaded by him, however, to send persons to Athens to ascertain the truth of 
his assertions (§ 2) ; while at the same time he gives private instructions to the Atheni- 
ans, to detain the Spartan messengers until he and his colleagues (who had then arrived) 
should return home (§ 8) ; this they do, after which Themistocles announces to the Lace- 
daemonians, that the city is fortified sufficiently for purposes of defence, and that the 
Athenians know what is for then* own and the common good (§ 4) ; that their pruden-ce 
had been manifested, both when through necessity they abandoned their city and 
embarked on board of their ships, and when they were consulted on matters of common 
moment (§ 5) •, that it would be for their own interest, and that of the allies in general, to 
have their city in such a state of defence, that they would not be deterred from ofifering 
free and impartial counsel in the common assembly (§§ 6, 7). 

1. ot de (iKovovres, . . .eTrei^iovTo^ hut when they heard this^ tJiey 

'beliemd Themistocles ; not those who heard^ etc. avrov is the 

objective genitive, for or towards Mm. In respect to tiie high repute 
in which the Lacedjemonians held Themistocles, cf. I. 74. § 1. — — 
Toiv de aXXcDv does not refer to the LacediBmonian ambassadors, as 
they had returned to Sparta before the arrival of Themistocles [cf. I. 
90. § 3), nor to the colleagues of Themistocles, since their arrival is 
particularly mentioned in § 3 infra, but to those w^ho had come from 
Athens in the way of common business. Haack conjectures, that the 
article is employed to denote all who came^ and that the following kol 
may be taken in the sense of 'uel or adeo. In his German translation 
of the passage he seems, however, to have given to /cat the significa- 
tion, which it has before fiaXa and Trdw., which Poppo (Snppl. Adnot. 
p. 136) says is approved by Sintenis in Ephem. Scholast. 1831. p. 1140. 
In the place of aXkcov (which is suspected by Dobree), Poppo conjec- 
tures from the words of Plutarch, that Myivr^Tcav should be substituted. 
In view of all that has been said, I am disposed to retain the article 
and give the passage the translation, the others (as we would say every 
other arrwal^ aXKcov being employed in contradistinction to Themisto- 
cles) who came., declaring mry openly. As it is probable that Themis- 
tocles had denied that the construction of the walls was going forward 
the declaration of these comers from Athens was a contradic-tion of 
his assertions, yet the verb in itself has not the signification given it 

by Bloomfield, contradicting Jds representations. • v-^os \afx(3dj/€i<, 

sc. TO relxos elicited from TeLXiC^rm. ovk elxov (mentally) oirois 

Xpr} diroa-rrja-at^ they did not Jcnow how they were to discredit the thing. 

Hosted by 


Chap. XCL] NOTES. 343 

Xpr) is a gloss, but cf. ovk rjiria-ravTO irpos 6 tl xpl X^PW^h V1I» 44. 

§ 3. See also Xen. Oyr. I. 4. § 24; IV. 5. § 19. 

2. /x?7 'zr//x\/^a£, not to te led moay ty reports^ hut to send ratlier; 

literally, 71(9 ?5 ratlier to he led away — tJian to send. '^Ex nostra di- 
ceiKli ratione pro iir] /naXXop — i) magis /z?) roa-ovrov — oa-ov sen /z^— 

oKka jiaWov exspectes." Poppo. o-c^wi^ avrchv shows that the re 

presentations, adverse to the declarations of Themistocles, had not 

been made by the LacedsBmonians. xPV^'^^h ^^espectaMe^ of good 


8. iiTToa-TeWoycnv ovv. According to Cor. ISTep., they sent three 
men funetos sumniis Tionoribus. Diod. calls them rovs iirKpavea-rdrov^^ 

but does not state their number. ois rJKicrra emcpai^cos = as secretly 

as possible. Tvph (always accompanied by av) is followed by the 

subjunctive or optative when a negative clause precedes, and when 
reference is had to future time, i. e. when its translation is before. 
"When it refers to time past (its translation being untiV).^ it takes the 
indicative. Of. Jelf 's Kiihn. § 848 ; K. § 337. 9. a ; S. § 220. 2. The 
subjunctive, Kofiua'^coa-LP^ is here employed according to the general 
rule, that it depends on a primary tense, KeXevcov taking the time of 
TreixneL. S. § 212. 2. avTol refers to Themistocles and his col- 
leagues. Tjdr] T€7xo£ is a parenthesis, thrown in to explain 

why the plural avrol was used. ^AlBpcovixos^ AbronycTius. It was 

he who commanded the ship stationed at Thermopylae, to communi- 
cate' between Leonidas and the fleet at Artimesium. 'Aptcrre/ST/ff, 

Aristides^ surnamed the Just., the rival of Themistocles. For an inter- 
esting sketch of his life, see Smith's Diet. Gr. and Eom. Biog. and 
Mythol. yap after i(j)o^€lTo introduces the reason why Themisto- 
cles gave the direction contained in cos rJKLcrTa . . . , Koixia^cbo-Lv. It 
resumes the narration which was interrupted by the parenthesis ijbrj 

. . , .rclxos. cr^as-, tliem. Of. Butt. § I2T. 8. oTToVe oracpcbs 

aKov(T€Lav^ lohen tJiey should p)ereliance (cf. Jelf's Kiihn. § 844. a) obtain 
certain intelligence that the walls were erected. 

4. (OS Trpbs. . . .Uvai. The order is: t6 Xolttov Uvai ws Trpbs biayi- 
yvacFKovTas. The infinitive Uvat depends on elirev., to be repeated 
from the preceding member, wiiere it was followed by 6tl with the 

indicative. ra ^vf.L<l)opa and ra kolvo. (sc. ^vfji(j)opa taken as a 

substantive) depend on biayiyvMo-KovTas. These remarks of Themisto- 
cles are very spirited and patriotic. 

5. avev eKeivcov — yvovr^^^ having determined (on this thing) loithoiit 

them (i. e. without asking advice of them). oaa ^ovXevecr'^aL., 

m to any plans lohich were determined on in conjunction with them 
(1. e. in joint council with the Laceda3monians). For the construction 

Hosted by 


344 NOTES. [Book! 

of the accusative with the infinitive in the oratio obliqua, and depend- 
ing on a verb of saying, declaring, etc., expressed or implied (here 
€(j)a(rav)^ cf. Jelf 's Kiihn. § 889. a ; Mt. § 538. — — ov^evos vorrepou 
inferior to no one. S. § 198. 1. 

6. boKelv is constructed the same as Uvai^ § 4 supra. koX vvv^ 

now also. The subject of ehat is the proposition ttjv. . . .€X€lv^ 

which is also the subject of ecrecrSat. — is Tovs navras ^vjjijxaxovs is 

a varied construction for iraorL toIs ^vfifxaxots^ which would regularly 
have followed Tors' ttoX /rats'. 

7. ov yap (3ovX€V€a^aL, for it is impossihle for any one^ without 

(jjLT] aiTo) preparation for defence equal [to that of the otlier members 
of the confederacy], to give similar and equal (i. e. independent and 
impartial) admce in respect to fhe common weal^ to that which is given 
by the more powerful confederates. Arnold paraphrases, for no one 
could enter Tieartily into the counsels of a confederacy^ unless he had as 
much at staJce as the other members of it. But he appears not to have 
caught the idea, which is not equality of interests at stake, but of the 
means of defence, such equalities being necessary to give eabJi mem- 
ber of a confederacy freedom of deliberation in the common council. 
In respect to the general construction, eTvat depends on oTov r 
(S. § 222. 6), and (SovXevea^ai is the subject of the proposition 

(S. § 222. 1). 7] e'x^t^^ ^^ ^^ consider that this thing (i. e, the 

construction of the walls at Athens) was just and proper, rah ==■ 


The Lacedsemonians exhibit no appearance of resentment at the speech of Themist'^ues, 
but nevertheless hold a secret grudge against the Athenians, The ambassadors on both 
sides return home unblamed (§1). 

1. 6pyr]v. . . .inoLovvTo^ manifested no resentment. KcoKvprj =. 

KodXvfjLarL. drj^ev^ forsooth^ indeed.^ expresses irony, and tlierefore 

= they pretended. Of. Jelf 's Kiihn. § 726. 2. a. — — r« koiv(^ is ren- 
dered by Portus, adj eorum (i. e. the Athenians) rernpublicami. So 
Haack takes the dative for is with the accusative. Yalla (cited ap- 
provingly by Goeller) makes r^ kolvco depend on irapcavecr^t^ tlie 
verbal being followed by the case of its verb, for the giving counsel 
to the state. I am inclined, although with some hesitation, to follow 
the explanation of the Schol, t« kolvw = vjrep rod kolvov. Cf. Mt 

Hosted by 



§ 38T. — — afia Be Kol. . , .irvyxavov I take to be a continuation of the 
avowed sentiments of the Laoedasmonians, rrjs fxevTot ^ovk-fjorecos being 
the resumption of the subject from iTroiovvro rols ^A.'^rjvaiots. The 

participle ovrcs is to be constructed with irvyxctvov. S. 225. 8. • 

iv red rore^ at that time. S. § 228. 1. — ~ avTois limits irpoacfiLkfis 
and refers to the Athenians. 


The Athenians thus surround their city with walls, the hasty construction of which was 
manifest even in the times of Thucydides (§§ 1, 2) ; at the advice of Themistocles, they 
fortify the Pirffius, on account of its fine situation for a naval station (§ 3) ; he also excites 
and directs their aim to be masters of the sea (§ 4), and to this end, the Pirasus was en- 
closed with a wall of great tliickness, although its height was much less than Themis- 
tocles intended (§ 5) ; this was done with the view that it might be defended by a few 
persons, and the rest spared to man the fleet (§ 6) ; for the navy occupied his cliief atten» 
tion, as being the most efficient means of defence against the Persian king, and he therefore 
judged the Piraeus to be of more utility than the upper city, and rather to be defended 
(§ 7) ; thus the city was rebuilt and fortified (§ 8). 

1. Poppo thinks that this and the following section should consti- 
tute a chapter by themselves, as with § 3 commences the account of 
the fortification, and the incipient steps of the Athenians to obtain the 
naval ascendency. 

2. brikr] — icTTLv. The impersonal is changed into the personal con- 
struction, and olKoBojj/ia is transferred from the substantive sentence 
into the principal one. The impersonal construction would have been 

KOL dfjXov en kol vvv iariv on tj oiKodofxla Kara cnrovbrjv iyevero. Of. 
K. §529. R. 4; Mt. §297; S. § 225. 7. — ot— Sf^^eXiot (sc. X/Sot), 

the foundation-stones^ foundations. Of. Mt. § 95. navTOLcov. 

There is some difference of opinion whether this refers to stones of all 
sorts^ or of all shapes and sizes. Perhaps, however, both ideas are in- 
cluded. In their haste, they laid stones of all sorts and shapes pro- 
miscuously together. — — kol. . . »§^ a-nd in some places (see IST. on I. 
65. § 2) not loronght and made to fit together. Some may prefer to 
take ov — ea-nv rj in the sense, in no manner whatever (cf K, § 331, 
R. 5). But it is hardl}^ to be supposed that the thing spoken of Avas 
true of the whole foundation, and hence I think it better to take f] in 
the sense of place^ than of manner or way, — — otto arj/jidrcop^ from 
sepulchral monuments. In the northern wall, which was called tlie 
Pelasgian, and which was probably rebuilt about the same time with 

Hosted by 


846 KOTES. [BoorL 

the peribolus of tlie Asty, Leake says (Topog. of Athens, I. p. 312), 
" entire courses of masonry are formed of pieces of Doric columns, 
which were ahiiost as large as those of the Parthenon, and there are 
other courses consisting of tlie composite blocks Of Doric entablature 
of corresponding dimensions. The ruins of former buildings were 
much employed for this purpose, the devastations of the Persians 
having left an abundance of materials of this kind." — — yap intro- 
duces the reason wh}^ monumeutal and other wrought stones were 
worked into the wall, viz. because of its increased extension and the 
consequent deficiency of materials. — — Trdvra both common and 
sacred (/cal Koim koI lepd. SchoL). 

3. rov Ueipaicos. Their former port was Phalerus, which Cor. 
ISTep. (Yit. Themist. YI.) says, was neither a large nor a good one* 

' vTrrjpKTo b' avTov^ for a beginning had heen tnade of it (= tliey 

had tegun it). "If an active or middle, which has no object, is 
changed to a passive, it becomes of course impersonal, and it may be- 
come so with an indirect object." Crosby, § 564. 3. vtttjpkto rjp^e 

is a parenthesis, explanatory of ra Xonra in the preceding context, and 

hence fi' =: ydp. im rrjs; iicelvov (i. e. Themistocles) dp)(r}s. This 

was A. 0. 4:93. Olymp. T4. 4. 5s"i '^'^ tohich. S. § 196. 'AS?;- 

vaiovs is made by some to depend on rjp^e (of. Mt. § 860. a), but Pop- 
po more correctly makes 'A^rjpaloLs apx^i-v simply written for "Kpxovra 

" A^rjj/aiois dvai, avrocfyvels., natural opposed to that which is arti- 

Jicial. For the termination cls instead of as^ cf. Butt. § 53. jST. 4. 
The three ports here spoken of, were named Oantharus, Aphrodisius, 
and Zea. ~ Ka\ .... hvva^uv. There are various ways in wJiich this 
passage is translated, of which I shall specify but two ; (1) tlieir hav- 
ing 'become a naval fecple loould 1)6 a great help towards their acqidr- 
ing poioer ; literally, by having become a naval people they^ etc. This 
is Arnold's interpretation, to wdiich he adds, " the adjective and parti- 
ciple form a more important part of the subject than the pronoun sub- 
stantive; as in those Latin expressions, where the passive participle 
precedes the substantive with which it agrees, to show that it is the 
more important word of the two, as ' captum oppidum multum rebus 
nostris profait,' the tahing of the town was of much use^ The objec- 
tion to this is that it leaves out to ^^ptoz/, which is evidently to bo 
continued as the subject from the preceding clause, and thus makes 
what is compact and harmonious, disjointed and feeble. It is also 
\msafe to reason against the obvious construction of a sentence, by au- 
thorities drawn from the Latin mode of construction. (2) et illuiii 
locum (to x^pi'Ov supplied from the preceding context) se nauticos fac- 
^os valde promoturum esse ad potentiam consequendam {and that tht 

Hosted by 


Chap. XCIII.] NOTES. 347 

place would adiiance them to the attaining of pow67\ when tliey sliould 
lecome a nautical people). This is the interpretation of Osiand. (Ob- 
serv. in Thiicyd. faso. II. p. 9), which Poppo and Goeller adopt. In 
order to make to x^p'^op the subject of irpodpepav^ Poppo supposes a 
transposition of re in the former member, so that it should be t6 x<^- 
Xiou Kokov T€ dual. The only objection which I wonld make to this 
interpretation, which in its main features is correct, is noticed by 
Bloom-field. It supposes that the Athenians had not yet become a 
naval people, whereas the very opposite was the case. If theii the 
participle be translated, inasinuch as they had tecome (see.E". on I. 9. 
§ 4), this objection would be removed, and the true interpretation 
would I think be reached. The transposition of re is not harsh or 
unusual, and that irpocf^epeiu (used without au for the future infinitive, 
of. S. § 222. 4. b) may have the signification here given it, every good 
lexicon will show. 

4, For a long time I was inclined, by the use of yap in this section, 
to adopt Arnold's interpretation of the preceding sentence koL .... Su- 
vapiLP. But much examination and reflection has satisfied me, that 
yap does not serve to confirm the idea that their naval supremacy 
would help to augment their power, but is rather to be taken with 
€Tr€L(r€ ... * 6 e^/xio-ro/cX^ff, as strengthening the idea intended to be 
conveyed, that Themistooles was the sole projector of the plan to 
make Athens a maritime power, yap may therefore be rendered 

indeed. av'^cKTea (from dvrexco) iari. See N. on I. 72. § 1. It is 

followed by the genitive ^iaXda-o-ijs (S. § 192. 1). — cv'^vs after the 
Persian war. Goeller interprets it : statim postquam archon fuit. It 
is probable that at this time, if ever, Themistooles made the proposal 
narrated by Plutarch {to veoiptov €p,7rpT](rat tcop 'WiXrjpcop'). 

5. cK^LPov refers to Themistooles. - — — oTrcp vvp en 8rj\6u icrrt. 
The walls were destroyed by the Lacedssmonians, at the close of the 
Peloponnesian v/ar, yet enough of tbe foundations were left to enable 
some judgment to be formed of their thickness. Arnold argues from 
Xen. Hellen. II. 4. § 11, that the destruction could only have been 

partial, affecting chiefly the fortifications on the side of the sea. • 

bvo yap, . . .inriyop^ i. e. the wall was so broad, that two heavy wagons 
or wains could meet and pass one another, as they were conveying 
stones for its construction. — x^^^^t ^'^'^M stone gravel.^ with which 
the ancients filled up the interior of very thick walls, and which was 
made adhesive and solid by clay (nr]\6s). This whole passage is illus- 
trated by the following extract from Leake's Topog. of Athens, I. p. 
411. "On the side of Munychia, towards the open sea, the remains 
are best preserved. Here three or four courses of masonry, both of 

Hosted by 



walls and square towers, are in many places to be seen ; and there are 
some situations, where we still find the wall built in the manner de- 
scribed by Thuoydides ; that is to say, not filled up in the middle with 
a mixture of broken stones and mortar in the usual manner of the 
Greeks, but constructed throughout the whole thickness, of large 
stones, either quadrangular or irregularly- sided, but fitted together 
without cement, and the exterior stones cramped together with metal. 
This we may suppose to have belonged to the original work of The- 
mistocles, which has thus survived the lapse of twenty-three centu- 
ries." This helps to decide the meaning of iv roixfj iyycovioi^ cut 
square; literally, made square in cutting ; '"''cut into an angular form ^ 
made angular in cutting^ Arnold, iv ro/jifj is interpreted by Goel. 
^'•locis quibus incisi sunt^'''' which Poppo (Suppl. Adnot. p. 136) seems 

to cite approvingly^ ^wcpKodofXTjiJievoL^ huilt up close^ i. e. having 

no interstices between them to be filled up with gravel and clay. 

rjcrav is to be supplied from the preceding rjv. irpos dXkrjXovs 

follows SeSe/xeVot. — — ra e^coSei/, on the OUtside. rjfxtorv — ov dt€- 

voelro^ {ovily') the half of that which he intended (ov = eKelvov ov). 

6. /xeyeSet here signifies height. '■ iTri^ovKds^ hostile plans^ 

" vel a consilio portum oppugnandi." Haack. The reading e7n[3o\ds;^ 
hostile attacJcSj is adopted by Bloomf; and Didot. See IsT. on III. 45. 
§ 5. -~ — Ka\ rav dxpeioTarcov^ and thcot too the most useless^ i. e. those 
who were disabled so as not to perform active service, or were ex- 
cused on account of their age. dpKeaeiv to defend the place. 

The subject is rrjv cpvXaKrjv. 

T. TrpocreKeLro., devoted his attention to. — Ihwv — ecpodov — ovcrav^ 

because he saw (see N". on I. 9. § 4) that cm invasion loas more easy 

{evTropoarepav). ecf)obov is limited by crrpaTids^ and ri]s (sc. €(p6dov) 

follows the comparative. In this appears the sagacity of Themisto- 
cles, for no Persian king, with the lesson of Thermopyhe before him, 

would ever think of attacking Greece by a land expedition. rrjs 

avQ) TToXeo)?, the upper city. "De sola acropoli noli cogitare." Poppo. 

— — - is avTov.^ i. e. into the Piraeus. vavcr\ is the dative of means. 

ovv ovTO)s^ so then^ i. e. in accordance with the advice of Themis- 

tocles. raWa Kareo-Kevd^ovro^ restored the other edifices. Tlie 

theme of Karao-KevdCcc) is KaracrKevr]^ which has among other signitica- 
tions that of a hicilding^ edifice^ and hence it meets the demauvls of tlie 
context, which evidently refers it to the private and public edifices, 
temples, etc., some of which were wholly destroyed, and others more 
or less injured, akka in raWa is employed to distinguish these edi- 
•^ces from the walls and fortifications implied in ireixicr'^rja-av. 

Hosted by 


Chap. XOV.] JSfOTEB. 349 


Pausanias, accompanied by the Athenians and other allied forces, is sent out from Lacedae- 
mon (§ 1) ; he reduces the greater part of Cyprus, and takes Byzantium (§ 2). 

1. Uavcravtas de. There is a resumption here of the historical 
surnniary commenced at I. 87. § 3, and interrupted by the somewhat 
extended account of the fortification of Athens. The events here 
spoken of took place, the year subsequent to the battles of Platsea and 
Mycale, and the same year in which the walls of Athens and the 

Pirceus were built. eUoaL. Gottl. cites Diodorus as giving the 

number at fifty, which diversity Bloomfield would remove by reading 
brj (sGilicet) for §e. 

2. KvTTpov^ Gy2n-us^ was a large island in the Mediterranean, S. of 
Oilicia, and W. of Syria, not far from the coast. The luxurious and 
effeminate character of its inhabitants is well known. — — avTY]s to. 

TToXXa, the greater 2^cirt of it. Mt^Scoi/ ixovrcdv:, the Medes possessing 

it — it 'being in tlie possession of the Medes. iv Tjjde rfj Jiyeixovla 

Is considered by Steph., Plaack, and Goel., as belonging to the follow- 
ing chapter, Se after rjbr] being omitted. But may not its use, in the 
present connexion, have been to show that Byzantium w^as taken 
in the time of Pausanias's command, although near its close? So 
Arnold thinks, and with good reason. It w^as not until the capture of 
that place, and the release of the Persian captives taken in it, that the 
proposal to betray Greece was made by Pausanias. This proposal 
being favorably received, and an answer from the king at Siisa having 
been returned, Pausanias became arrogant to such a degree, as to 
excite the ill-will of the Asiatic Greeks, and cause them to put them- 
selves under the protection of Athens. 


The insolence of Pausanias having become intolerable, the Asiatic Greeks request the 
Athenians to become their leaders, which request is complied with (§§ 1, 2) ; the Laceda3- 
monians, in the meantime, had recalled Pausanias to answer to the charges of a tyrannical 
and ai'lAtraiy command preferred against him (§ 3) ; and at this time the allies through 
hiatred of him passed over to the Athenians (§ 4); Pausanias on his return home is found 
guilty of tlie private charges, but is acquitted of the most serious of the public accusaLions 
(§ 5) ; Dorcis is sent out in his place, to whom the allies refuse obedience (§ 6) ; ujion 
which he and the leaders associated with him withdraw, and the Laceda-^moni-ans, fearing 
that their generals will be corrupted, and thinking that the Athenians are better adapted 
to carry on the war than themselves, send out no more commanders into Asia (§ 7). 

1. /Statoi;, tyrannical in the exercise of his command. aWoi 

thf»n the Peloponnesians, especially the Lacedaemonians. — — ovy 


Hosted by 


350 NOTES. [BookI 

^KLcrra^ most especially. — veoiXTTl^ lately. Reference is had in this 
place to the Greeks, who had been hberated from the Persian yoke by 
the battles of Platsea and Mycale. • — — Kara to ^vyyeves^ l?y virtue of 
Qie relationship letween tJiem. These words are to be constructed 
with ri^iovv {■=: tlioiigJit it jit^ hemming). The lonians, having been 
driven out of Peloponnesus by the Acliaians (who had been dispos- 
sessed of Argolis and Laconia by the Dorians and the Heraclidos), 
came to Athens and there for a time resided, not as citizens, or those 
who could possess land, but enjoying the protection of the laws, and 
supporting themselves by inechaoical arts. After a while, under the 
protection of Athens, they migrated to Asia Minor, from which state a 
number of citizens was sent as leaders {rjyefjiopes) of the colony. These 
carried with them the sacred lire for the new settlement, taken from 
the prytaneum of Athens, and thus were entitled to the appellation 
of firjTpoTrokis {mother-city) to the lonians. See Arnold's note on this 
passage. firj , . . . (SLd^rjrai (^= fj'T} €7nTp€7T€iv /Stafeo-Sat). The sub- 
junctive is employed, because the condition is assumed as something 
probable but not certain. Of. Jelf 's Klihn. § 854. 1 ; S. § 215. 1, 

2. ol de 'A'^ijvatoL ihe^avro k. r. X. If Plutarch is to be believed, the 
Athenians did not grant their request, until after the alhes had offended 

Pausanias by their movements. irpoaelxov rr^v yvoofi-qu^ directed 

their attention =z attended to their request, avrols (i. e. rots- \6yoLs) 
may be mentahy supplied after these words. — — - cos (= with the pur- 
pose) OX) irepioylroiJL^poi. See Notes on «?, I. 73. § 4, and on n^piopav., 

I. 24. § 6. rciXXa. Their affairs had now reached so important 

and delicate a crisis, that many other things, besides a redress of the 
immediate wrongs complained of^ were to be attended to, and hence I 
am inclined to refer avrols in this clause to both the Athenians and 
the Asiatic allies, rather than to either party taken separately. A 
union, like the one here proposed, Avas to be effected with great pru- 
dence and precaution, in order not to draw upon the parties the en- 
mity of the Lacedaemonians and the rest of the Peloponnesians, whose 
acquiescence in such an accession of strength to the Athenians, could 
hardly at that time have been hoped for. Hence it was important to 
look at the subject in all its aspects, and to establish matters on a 
good basis in reference to the alliance about to be formed. 

3. dvaKpLvovvT€9^ in order to examine into. S. § 225. 5. hv irepi 

= iKciva Trept hv. See JST. on I. Y5. § 5 (end). - — - dbiKla. . . .avrov^ 
much injustice was charged upon him = he was accused of much injus- 
tice. In the active voice dhiKla would have been the accusative, after 
the formula Karayopeiv rl tlpos. Of. S. § 194. 4; Mt. § 378. p. 608. 
rcov d(j)iKvovp,€vo)v into Lacedeemon. — rvpawibos — piprjcris^ an 

Hosted by 


Chap. XCV.] KOTES. 351 

imitation of tyranny. — — - rj (Trpar-qyla^ rafher tTian a military com- 
mand (cf. I. 94. § 1, where Pausanias is called a o-rpaTrjyos). Haaok 
and Poppo read tj o-rpar-qyia^ and make it the subject of the verb. 
Haack gives as a reason, ^' quia aloqui sabjectum buic loco aptum de- 
sideratur." But the subject can readily be sujiplied from the context. 

4. KoXela^at fieTard^aG-'^aL^ at the same time in which he to as 

recalled^ the allies through enmity of Mm (objective genitive) went 
omr to the Athenians. Notice how a/xa unites these propositions in 
respect to time. 

5. rodv €v?ivv?i7j.f he was found guilty of the injuries privately 

committed against individuals (jTpos rtva.) For the construction, cf, 
S. § 194. 4. — — €ij?ivi/^r]-~d7foki)eTaL, This interchange of the aorist 
and the historic present, imparts beauty and force to the passage, by 
keeping before us the continued action of the verb of acquittal, and 
suffering the momentary one designating the conviction of Pausanias's 
guilt to pass rapidly by in the aorist. Of. Jelf's Kiihn. § 401. 5 ; Mt. 
§ 504. 1. — ■ ra §e jueytcrra, in respect to the greatest charges (Mt, 
§ 421. Ols. 2), is to be referred to M-qhio-fios^ Medism. See ^. on I. 

135. § 1. — — prj abiKfiv. See iT. on I. 10. § 1. idoKei o-a(f)€(TraTOP 

dvai (sc. TO TTpaypa)^ and the moMer seemed to he most manifest (to 
the other Greeks), i. e. pubhc opinion pronounced him guilty of this 
charge. Had his treason been as manifest to the Lacedasmonians as 
to others, there is no reason to believe that he v^ould have escaped 
immediate punishment, since no leniency was shown him, when sub- 
sequently convicted of the same crime. 

6. eKelvov apxovra shows that the term of his command had 

not expired, when he was recalled by the Lacedsemonians. He re- 
turned afterwards of his OAvn accord to the Hellespont, but not by 
public authority. Of. 1. 128. § 2. — — i^opKiv de koL ciXkovs. These 
persons appear to have constituted a board, the members of which 
were jointly intrusted with the command. See IST. on III. 100. § 2. 
It was not wonderful that the allies refused obedience to them, since 
no authority can be more inefficient or hable to abuse than that which 
is jointly shared by many.. 

7. oi ^e, i. e. Dorcis and his colleagues. -^ — dTrrjX^ov into Lacedse- 

mon. — (iXXovs AaKedaipoviot. Midler (Dorians, I. p. 204) thinks 

that the motive of the Lacedemonians, in determining to send no 
more commanders into Asia, lay deeper than the defection of the loni- 
ans from Pausanias, or their refusal to obey Dorcis and his associates ; 
for without the Greeks of Asia Minor, they could, by the assistance 
of the naval poAvers of Peloponnesus, viz. Corinth, \iEgina, etc., have 
wntinued a war, which promised more of gain and plunder than of 

Hosted by 


852 NOTESo [BooKl 

trouble or danger. They probably deemed it inexpedient to aim at the 
mastery of the sea, or run the hazard of marring and breaking up the 
Spartan institutions by foreign expeditions and foreign conquests. Nor 
was it true, that the supremacy over the Greeks passed wholly into 
the hands of the Athenians, since Sparta still continued to hold the 
pre-eminence in Peloponnesus ; and most of the states of the mother 
country joined themselves to her, while none but the Asiatic Greeks 
and those who inhabited the islands, put themselves under the com- 
mand of Athens. — — o-c^iViz/ is the dat. incommodi after ;^etpot;s' 

yiyuMurat. Of. Jelf 's Kiihn. (§ 602. 2). x^^povs^ hadly affected 

(false and unfaithful. Bloomf.), as we say spoiled^ i. e. rendered unfit 
for pubhc service. The comparative is here used for the positive. 

K. § S23. R. T; Mt. §. 457. p. 576. — airaWa^elovre^ 8e Kal, hut also 

tJiTougli a desire to get rid of. S. § 143 {■^orelco). ■ Trokiixov. S. 

§ 197. 2. — — voixi^ovres LKavovs i^-qyeia'^ai. The Athenians boasted 
(I. 76. § 2) that by the Lacedaemonians themselves, they were deemed 
worthy of the command intrusted to them. - o-c^lcriv limits iTnT-q- 
deiovs (= <PiXovs). 


The Athenians having thus attained the command, proceed to determine what states shall 
furnish ships, and what states money for the prosecution of the war against the Barbari- 
ans (§ 1) ; they appoint hellenotamioe to receive the tribute which is first deposited at 
Belos (§ 2). 

1. TTapaXa^ovres Se ol 'A'^rjvatoL. This took place A. C. 457. Olymp. 

75. 4. Arnold calls it the beginning of the Athenian empire. 8ia 

TO UavaavLov fucros. It is probable that admiration of the character 
of Aristides, had some influence also in inducing the allies to take this 
step. — — as. . . .xpw^'^^^ which of the states should furnish money. 

Trpos^ Ojgainst. — — as vavs. The ellipsis can easily be supplied 

from as xpr]fiaTa. yu. The subject is ajjivvaa'^ai and the pre- 
dicate is Trpofyrjixa^ pretence^ show. - — - a>i> — iKelvcop a^ of which the 
antecedent is put in the genitive after ajivvao-'^ai^ to denote that on 
account of which the feeling of revenge arose. K. § 274. 2; S. § 194. 
1. — — drjovvras^ hy laying waste (see F. on I. 9. § 1), agrees witli 
avrovs^ the omitted subject of d[xvvacr'^ac. Some erroneously regard it 
as an accusative absolnte. 

2. 'EXkijvoraiMaL^ receivers of taxes^ treasurers appointed to receive 
f'-he moneys collected from the allied states, and to take chars:e of thera 

Hosted by 


Chap. XCYIL] J^ T E S . 353 

when deposited in t-he treasnry at Delos, and afterwards at Athens, 
Boeckh cod eludes from certain inscriptions, that their numher was 
ten, and that, hke the treasurers of the gods, they were chosen by lot, 
out of the pentacosiomedimni (i. e. the first class of citizens, who 
possessed land producing 500 medimni yearly), and that they did not 
enter upon their office at the beginning of the year, but after the Pan- 
athenoaa (i. e. the festival in honor of Minerva), and the first prytanea., 
i. e. periods of thirty-five or thirty-six daj^s, in which -the prytanes 
(rrpvrdpcLs) of each (pv\r] in turn presided in the [SovXr] and l<K\r](TLa 
Of. Boeckh's Pub. Econ. Athens, pp. 176-180; Smith's Diet. Gr. and 
Eom. Antiq. p. 469. 'EXkr]POTaixiaL is in apposition with apK-f] ; lite- 
rally, a7id Jielleiiotamim^ the office {z=z the office of hellenotamim) idcis 

then first estctblished. Of. S. § 156. IsT. 2. ot idexovro^ who re- 

cewed. These officers did not collect the tribute. After the funds 
were removed from Delos, they acted only as treasurers, the appdectaa 

(receivers) being a distinct office. Of. Boeckh, 1. c. (f)6pov. On 

account of the odinra which became attached to this word, it was 

exchanged for avvTa^is. rakavra is in apposition with <p6pos. 

A?jXoy was the place chosen for the treasury, because the temple ,of 
Delos was greatly venerated, not only by the Greeks, but also by the 

Barbarians, and the treasures would therefore be unmolested. at 

^vvodoL^ '^ the returns^ contributions.''^ Pickering. I prefer with Poppo 
and Bloomf. (in his latest edition) to affix to it the signification, the 
common councils of the allies. The presence of the article is no objec- 
tion to this rendering, since the councils are referred to as a well 
known fact (S. § 167), and no place would be more likely to be 
selected for holding these councils, than one so secure as Delos, where 
also their treasures were deposited. Of. Boeckh's Pub. Econ. Athens, 
p. 397. 


Hore commences the second division of the summary of Grecian history contained in chapes, 
SO- US (see general remarks, p. 338). In this chapter Thvicydides, after remarking that 
the Athenians increased their dominion thus acquired, by carrying on war and by politi- 
cal management (§ 1), states the reasons why he digresses from the main history, viz. the 
imperfection in which the history of the time between the Persian and Peloponnesian 
wars had been left by his predecessors, and the immediate bearing which the increase of 
A.thenian power had on the declaration of Avar by the Lacedaemonians (§ 2). 

1. avTovofjioiiP. See IN", on I. 67. § 2. to irpodTov. In process of 

time, as the defection of the allies or political considerations gave c»c- 

Hosted by 


354 NOTES. [Book L 

casion, the A thenians became more arbitrary, and exercised authority 
over the allies as over vassal states. — — diro Kocvav ^wodcov^ in com- 
mon assemllies. dno here denotes the mediate instrument. See F. 

on I. 81. § 4. roa-dbe refers to the rising power of the Athenians, 

■which is about to be the subject of the narration. diaxeipiaei 

irpayixdrcov^ dy the administration of things. d refers to Trpaypdrwv 

and not to roadbe as some imagine. It also embraces as a prominent 
idea the notion of war, from Trokiixcd which precedes biaxciplaeL Trpay- 

fjidrcov^ and hence rrpos which follows signifies against. avroTs 

depends on iyej/ero and refers to the Athenians. vecoTcpl^ovras^ 

attempting changes (in government), meditating a 7'evolt. ae/, at 

the time. eKao-ro). The Scholiasts supply TroXepco^ X^P^^i ^^* XP^^V- 

Haack would understand veoitepia-pM elicited from pecorepi^ovras. I 
prefer with Poppo to supply from d iyeuero the words o iyeuero^ in 
each (war or transaction) which tool: p)^^^^^- 

2. eypayjra^ I have toritten. The aorist is here used for the perfect. 

S. § 211. ]S[. 14. avrd refers to the events detailed in the digression 

liere spoken of. —— ry^v eKl3oXr}v rod Xoyov^ digression from the subject. 

rode refers forward to on rols irpo ijxov k. t. X. eKXirres rovro 

r}v TO xcop/oi^, this j^assage (in history) has teen overloolced. So we often 
use ]}^^-^^ ii^ the sense of passage.^ when we say, ' in such a plaee the 

author remarks, etc' • rovrodv does not refer to the historians, but 

is a neuter depending on 7J\j/aTo (S. § 192. 1), or upon ineiivrjcr'^i] to 

widch it also belongs (S. 1. c). Kal is employed because do-nep kgI 

is almost equivalent to el kuI^ even though^ although, — — iv rf) 'Attlktj 
ivyypa(j)^. Reference is had to the 'ArSls- or history of Attica, which 
Ilellanicus composed in four books at least. This writer (EXkdpiKos) 
was born in Mytilene in the island of Lesbos, and was one of the most 
eminent of the Greek logographers (see F. on I, 21. § 1). Respecting 
the date of his birth, among the diverse statements, that of Pamphila 
is now most generally adopted, which makes him a contemporary of 
Herodotus, and to have been sixty-five years old at the beginning of 
the Peloponnesian war (a. o. 431). If he died, as Lucian (Macrob. 
22) states, at the age of eighty-five, his birth would then liave been 
about A. 0. 496, and. his death a. o. 411. He w^as a very prolific 
writer, but all his. productions are lost except some fragments. Cf. 
Smith's Diet. Gr. and Rom. Mythol. and Biog. IL p. 409. — — ro7g 

XpdvoLs^ i. e. Kara rovs XP^^^'^^- ' ~ "^V^ ^PXV^° ' • • f^ctrefrrfj. For the 

attraction of dpxrjs from the subordinate clause (v/here it would have 
been the s"i:bject of Kareo-n-j) into the principal one, see IST. on I. 61. § 1. 

— €x^L. Supply ravra from tovtcop^ or from avrd at the beginning 

Hosted by 


Chap. XCVIII.] NOTES. 355 

of the section, since this sentence contains a second reason for the di- 
gression, and is to be disjoined from the immediately preceding con- 
text (i. e. TovToav €7r6iJLvrj(T^r])^ whioh is parentheticaL 


In this digi-essive statement of the rise and progress of the Athenian power, the historian 
begins by relating how under Cimon the son of Miltiades, they took Eion (§ 1), and Scyrus 
(§ 2), and then compelled the Carystians to yield on conditions (§ 3) ; after which the 
Naxians, who had revolted, were reduced by a siege and forced to submit (§ 4). 

1. 'Hiom TTjv ijrl ^rpvyiovL is SO called to distinguish it from Eion 
in Pieria, and another in Thrace (of lY. 7. § 1). It was situated at 
the mouth of the Strymon, nearly 8. of Amphipolis, and is celebrated 
for the desperate defence made by the Persian governor Boges, who, 
when he found that he could no longer hold out against Cimon, killed 
his wife^ children, and family, and then set fire to tlie place and per- 
ished in the flames. DahL fixes the chronology of this event at a. o. 
476. Cf. Class. Mus. 1. p. 188. elkov refers to the Athenians. 

2. eneLTa is put for eneiTa he after irpSyrov /xeV, tlie omission tak- 
ing place, because eTTcira makes the contrast sufficiently manifest. Cf 

K. § 322. R. 4. ^Kvpov^ Scyrus (now Scyro)^ an island in the 

JEgean sea, N. E. of Euboea. The Schol. calls it one of the Cyclades. 
wKLcrav avTOL^ they themsehes colonized it^ i. e. they sent out col- 
onists who settled it. 

3. 'Kapvcrrlovs^ tlie Garystiams. Carystus was a city of Euboea, on 

the south-eastern extremity of the island, and W. of Gersestus. 

avTois refers to the Athenians. avev ^cbu aWcov 'Ev(3oecov^ i. e. no 

other cities of Euboea were subject to hostilities, the Carystians alone 

refusing to become tributary to the Athenians. ^welBrjaav ko.^' 

SfjLoXoylav^ came to terms of surrender^ evidently refers to the Carys 
tians. - 

4. irroXeprjo-av refers to the Athenians. napecrrrjcravro^ reduced 

them =zforced them to submit. This took place, a. o. 466. Olymp. 
78. 3, or about ten years after the reduction of Eion. It will be seen 
by this, how brief is the summary of events which Thucydides is here 
giving. It vvas while I^axos was besieged, that Themistocles fled to 

Persia in the way spoken of in I. 137. § 2. Trpmrr) re avrq noXis 

— idovXa'^rj =■ avrr) re iyevcro TrpoiTT] ttoXls^ fj idovXa'^r] (was reduced 
to slavery = deprived of freedorri), — — T^apa to /caSecrrT^/cf^s-, contrary 

Hosted by 


356 NOTES. [Book 1, 

to what was established by the terms of the confederation. ■ The 

Schol. defines this by irapa t6 vofitiiov koX TrpeVoz^, for the Greeks were 
then free. — — cos iKdarr] ^vue/Sr/^ SO. idovXoy^rj, SohoL Stepli. ex- 
plains its construction as though written : eneiTa he kol tmv ciXXcov 
eKaa-TT]^ o)s avrfj ^vue^r]. A learned critic in Seebod. Bibl. Orit. a. 
1828, no. 3. p. 18 (cited by Poppo, Adnot. ad SchoL), wonkl omit 
^vvel^T} and take iKda-Trj in the nominative. Of course idouKco^r] would 
have to be supplied from the preceding context. 


.f the causes of the revolt of the allies, the principal one was their fs^ilure to pay the stip- 
ulated tribute, furnish ships, and perform military service, whicii things bore heavily 
upon them, and which the Athenians rigorously exacted (§ 1) ; the government of the 
Athenians was also no longer i)opular, and no expeditions were made on terms of equali- 
ty (§2); which state of things liad been brought upon the allies in part by their own 
fault, inasmnch as to avoid engaging in military expeditions they had compounded their 
personal service by payment in money, which both increased the ability of the Athenians 
to enlarge their naval power, and rendered the allies unable to offer effectual resist- 
ance whenever they dared to revolt (§ 3). 

1. air la e/cSemi, 710W the cause of the revolt among others loas 

especially their leing in arrears ; literally, noio there were other causes 
of the revolts^ and the greatest was their being in arrears (eKheiai). 

XeiTToaTpdriov^ failure in military service^ i. e. neglect to send 

their contingents. uKpi^ois enrpaao-av^ dealt rigorously^ i. e. exact- 
ed the full amount of tribute and service. ovk dmy/cay, l)ecause 

(see E". on I. 9. § 4) they im]^osed necessities xi'pon those^ who were nei- 
ther accusto?ned nor willing to do hard worlc. TaXanrcopelv refers to 
military service, and the labor necessary to provide the quota of ships 
and the stipulated tribute. In respect to the indolence and effeminacy 
of the Asiatic Greeks, of. Herod. YI. 12. ras dvdyKas is a term denot- 
ing, as Arnold remarks, torture iised to extort confession^ and hence is 
very forcible in this place. 

2. be TTcos KOI aXXco?, in some other respects also. — — o/xotcos- as 
when the confederacy was first formed. eV r^dopfj is to be con- 
structed with ^aav^ iDcre no longer (ovk€tl) popular in their command 
{apxovT€s\ i. e. their government was no longer acceptable to the 
allies. Kriig. (ad Dionys. p. 117) says that rjo-av — apxoures is a cir- 
cumlocution for the imperfect, were gomrning. But it is better to 
t,ranslate the participle as a verbal noun denoting manner. See 'N, 

Hosted by 


Chap. C] NOTES. 357 

on I. 87. § 5. — — drro rod 'lo-ov^ on equal terms ; "on a footing of 
equality." Bloonif. This is explained by Jacobs, tVa) z/d/za> /cat IV?; 

dwdfjiei. re responds to ovre^ and is therefore not unsuitable, as 

Bloomf supposes. Trpocrayeo-Sat, to Iring under^ to reduce to otedA- 


3. aTTOKVYja-iu — rcdv cTTpaTeioov^ reluctance to engage in military expe 

ditions. The genitive is here objective. S. § 188. IST. 1. air oikov. 

aioay from home. awt^ in lieu of. ira^avro — (^epeti/, agreed 

to pay ; literally, tooJo upon thenisehes the paijment. Of. III. 60. § 2. 

TO iKi/ovfjiej/ou dj/dXcofia (in apposition with xPW^'^<^-> wliatever 

the expenses might co7ne to =z= tlie pro'portionate expense (i. e. as it 
might be rated to each state). By this commutation of ships and men 
for money, the allies became devoted to trade, agriculture, and the 
peaceful pursuits of life, and were proportion ably unfitted for war. 
The Athenians, on the other hand, employing the money thus furnish- 
ed in fitting out their navy and in providing warlike munitions, in- 
creased their power, and soon became so formidable as to awe the 
allies into any measure which they pleased to propose. This plan of 
allowing the alhes to furnish money in lieu of men and ships, is as- 
cribed by Plutarch to Oimon. r]v — ^v\i(\>epouv. The optative here 

denotes indefinite frequency. See F. on I. 49. § 3. Ik^voi and 

avroX both refer to the allies. 


The Athenians under Cimon gain a great victory over the Persian land and sea-forces at the 
Eurymedon (§ 1) ; the Thasians having revolted are defeated in a sea-fight, and the Athe- 
nians effect a landing on their island (§2); a colony being sent out to the Strymon to 
settle in a place called the Nine-ways, are a,ll cut off at Drabescus by the Thracians (§ 3). 

1. jLiera ravra.^ after these events (viz. those related in I. 98). The 
victory at the Eurymedon was probably achieved the same year that 
IsTaxos was reduced, i. e. a. 0. 466. Olymp. 78. 3. See N. on I. 98. § 4. 
— ™ eV Evpvjji^dovTi TTorafjica. Beaufort (Oaramania, pp. 135-1 3T) 
says that this river, inside of the curved bar which extends across its 
mouth, is four hundred and twenty feet wide, and from twelve to 
fifteen feet deep. The bar is so shallow as to be impassable to boats 
drawing more than one foot of water. Of course, as Arnold remarks, 
the river must have undergone great changes, a bar being now formed 

where the vessels of the ancients proceeded without difiiculty. 

n-e^ofjLaxia Koi vavjxaxia' The sea-tight first took place, after which 


Hosted by 


358 NOTES. [Book I 

Oimon disembarking his men proceeded against the land-forces, and 

thus gained two victories in one day. ras iraaas is ras dLaKoaias^ 

in all to the number of (es) two hundred. The second ras is omitted 
by Goeller and Haack, and bracketed by Poppo. Of. Mt. § 268. 

2. xP"'^? ^^ v(TT€pov. This defection of the Thasians took place 

the next year, i. e. a. o. 465. Olymp. 78. 4. avrcov (S. § 197. 2) 

refers to the Atheoians. ejjLTTopLcov. See N". on 1. 13. § 5. rod 

jieraXXov in Thrace. Keference is probably had to the gold mine in 
Scapte-Hyle, where Thucydides had an interest and resided during his 

banishment. — — a refers to both ifXTropioij/ and fxerdWov. ive- 

fiovTo refers to the Thasians. vavixaxia iKparr^a-av. Plutarch 

(Oimon, ch. 14) says that thirty-three of the Thasian ships were taken. 

3. Tvepu^avres — o)? olKiovvres — avroi eKpar-qcrav — TrpoeXSoVres". Haack 
finds a difficulty in this passage, inasmuch as avTo\ cannot refer to 
7rip>y\ravTes (A^irimloi)^ but to the ten thousand colonists which had 
been sent out. He therefore thinks that TrepLyjrdvTcou is demanded by 
the construction. There is no necessity, however, inasmuch as Mat- 
thise (§ 562. IST.) has shown that the participle is put in the nominative, 
when its subject is contained in part in the principal subject, or this 
latter in the other. Here avrol is the principal subject, and consti- 
tutes a part of the whole contained in the subject of nepyj/^ai^Tcs (i. e. 
ot 'ASrjmlot). See IsT. on I. 49. § 4. Of also Xen. Anab. I. 8. § 27. 

vTTo Tovs avTovg )(^p6vovs^ about the same time. w? oIklovvtgs^ 

in order to eolonize. For the form of the future, cf S. § 109. IST. 2. 

'Epi^ea odovs^ Ifine-ways^ so called, probably, because there were 

nine roads leading to it. 'Udcovoi, The Edoni were a people of 

Thrace occupying the left bank of the Strymon. irpoeX^ovres — 

fxeo-oyeiav. Mitford conjectures that this was done, in order, by one 
bold and vigorous movement, to put an end to the hostilities with 
which they had long been harassed by the Edoni; but advancing incau- 
tiously into the heart of the country, and drawn perhaps into ambush 
by the art of the retreating enemy, they were attacked to disadvan- 
tage and cut off. — — eV Apal3r]crKcp. '^ With the names of places, €v is 

used when proximity only is implied.'' Mt. § 577. 2. ^vpiravrMv^ 

i. e. with all their forces united. Poppo would read ^vfiTrapres, on the 
ground that all the Thracians, so separated and so at enmity among 
themselves, could hardly be expected to have united to make war 
upon the colony. But it was very natural, that all the Thracians of 
those parts should look with an unfavorable eye upon a colony plant- 
ed in so advantageous a place as Amnhipolis, and which once before, 
when attempted by Aristagoras of Miletus, had been defeated by the 
natives. Compare Arnold's note on this passage. 

Hosted by 


Ohap.cli notes, 359 


The Thasians in their extremity call upon the Lacedcemonlans to assist them by invading 
Attica (§ 1) ; this they secretly promise to do, but are hindered by an earthquake, which 
furnishes occasion for the Helots to revolt (§ 2) ; the Thasians therefore in the third year 
of the siege capitulate on conditions (§ 3). 

1. fjidxaf-s. As only one battle has been spoken of (I. 101. § 2), 
Poppo and Goeller after several MSS. are disposed to read /xaxJ. But 
it is highly probable that several inconsiderable battles had been 
fought, which Thuoydides for the sake of brevity has omitted. 
Bloomf. thinks that there was a land engagement, after the Athenians 
disembarked to besiege the city. — — irokiopKovixevoL. The name of 

the capital thus besieged was the same as that of the island. - 

ia-fiaXovras denotes the means. See N. on I. 9. § 1. 

2. Kpvf^a Tcbv 'A^r)vai(Jov^ mide7c?ioto?i to the Athetiians. S. § 187. 4. 

™ e/xfXXov, SC. eTvajivvai OV icrfSaXelv. rod yevofjLevov (reicrixov^ 

the earthqua'ke. The article is added, because the aeio-pos was so 
great and destructive, as to be well known to all .those living in the 
time of Thucydides (S. § 167). It was said that there were only five 
houses in Lacedaemon which were not thrown down, and that twenty 
thousand human being's perished. But this is doubtless an exaggera- 
tion. ' — — eV «, in which time^ on which. — avrols = adnominal 
genitive. — =■ TrepLoUav. When the Dorians invaded Laconia, a part 
of the original inhabitants fled, while others placed themselves under 
the conquerors in a relation very similar, as Arnold observes, to that 
which the Saxons sustained to the For mans in the reign of William 
the Conqueror. But being defeated in an atteu:ipt to regain their free- 
dom, they were deprived of many of the rights first granted to them, 
and reduced to the condition of subjects. In this abject state they 
continued, until at their request Augustus 093sar restored them to the 
full enjoyment of their civil rights. Tlie word Tr^pioiKoi is a term 
given to those old Achoaan inhabitants of tlie soil, who dwelt in towns 
about Sparta, of which in round numbers thv>re were said to be one 
hundred. Cf. Miiller's Dorians, II. p. 17, et seq. — ^~- Qovptarai^ the 
Thurians near Calami, The towns of Thuria and .^Ethea (AtSeet?, 
jEtJieans) were situated inland, in what had formerly been Messenia. 
Col. Leake (Travels in Morea, I. p. 471) conjectures that tliese people 
occupied the valleys, watered by the branches of the Bias to the south- 
westward of the modern Andrussa, which may possibly stand on the 

Hosted by 


360 NOTES. [Book I. 

site of j:E thrum, this district being about the same distance from 

Itliome as Thuria is in the opposite direction, TrXelarroi 8^ rav 

ElXoiToiv K. T. X. After the Messenians had been reduced to servitude, 
forming as they did a considerable portion of the Helots, they gave 
their name to these bondmen, so that they were all called at times 

Messenians. rdre dovXcoSeVrwv, at that time being subjugated. 

t6t€ refers emphatically to the well-known time, when the thing 
spoken of took place. Steph. and Miiller conjecture rrore as the true 
reading, but this is rejected by the best of the recent editors. Didot 
would construct: rwu rore dovXo'^epTcov EIXootcou. But such a trans- 
position is wholly unauthorized and unnecessary. 

3. eV 'iSco/x?;. Of, is "V^cofx-qv aTrecTTTjcrau^ § 2 SUpra. ■ QdcnoL de. 

The story is here resumed from § 1, the intermediate passage being 
parenthetically introduced, to show why the Lacedemonians could 

furnish the Thasians no aid. relxos re Ka^eXovres k. r. X. are the 

conditions on which the Thasians were obliged to surrender. The 

capitulation took place a. o. 463. Olymp. T9. 2. xPW^'^^- • • •'^"" 

^dfx^uoL = xp'^jfj-ard re diTo^ovvaL avriKa ra^dfievoi (agreeing to jpay im- 
mediately) oaa ebei dnobovvai. The Schol, explains oo-a eSei as em- 
bracing the expenses incurred in the war. This is not probable, inas- 
much as the money was paid immediately, which could hardly have 
been done, if any thing besides the arrears had been demanded. 


The siege of Ithome being protracted, the Lacedsemonians call to their aid their allies ana 
the Athenians (§ 1), the latter, on account of their skill in attacking fortified places (§ 2) ; 
but becoming Jealous of them the Lacedaemonians dismiss them (§ 8), at which the 
Athenians are greatly irritated and enter into an alliance with the Argives, who are at 
enmity with the Lacedsemonians (§ 4). 

1. The events in this chapter took place a. c. 461. Olymp. 79. 4. 
aXkovs—^vfxixdxovs^ i. e. the ^ginetas, Plata^enses, Mantinenses, etc. 
— — o\ h\ i. e. the Athemans._— — TiXrJSet ouk oXiyw are datives of 
accompaniment. S. § 206. 6 ; K. § 283. 2. b. 

2. T€ixoiJ^ax€7v — bvvaroi^ sMlled in conducting sieges. S. § 222. 6. 
'• rols Se . . . . icpaluero.! of this they seemed to stand in need on ac- 
count of the long continuance of the siege, rois de is edited rrjs de 
by Haack and Poppo. on the ground that TroKiopKLas needs the article. 
But is not rols de necessary to denote a change of the subject, which 

Hosted by 


Chap, CIL] NOTES. 361 

In the preceding clause was the Athenians? tovtov i. e. rod ret- 

Xoixax^'iv. ——-' Blipjyly Trpdyixara with eVSea. ^ia, , : ^x^p'^^^i /^^ 

(otherv/ise) tliey could ha^e taken the jplace ly force. Haack most 
strangely refers €l\ov to the Athenians, and places ^la in antithesis 
with ciTTopia or A/yuo), denoting the other mode of taking a city. 

3. (j)apepa iyevero^ iecame 0]jen^ undisguised. ^la ovx rjXlcrKern. 

The unsuccessful attempt to take the place by assault, no doubt con- 
tributed to bring to an open rupture two states of such difierent habits 
and tastes, that they could not come in contact without being dis- 
pleased if not disgusted with each other. veoyrepoTrotlav^ fondness 

for innovations^ rewlutionary spirit. See IsT. on I. 70. § 2. Bloomf. 
tliinks that a plan is here alluded to, of taking part with the Helots, 

and restoring Messenia to its independence. a\Xo(j)vXovs (see IST. 

on I. 2. § 4). The Athenians were of the Ionic, the Lacedsomonians 
of the Doric race. '^ The ties of race were, in that unsettled state of 

society in Greece, stronger than those of alliance." Bloomf, 

fiovovs Tcdv ^u/x/xa^wv. It increased the indignation of the Athenians, 

that they alone of the allies were sent away. ovbev — eVt, 7io 

longer. The position of en gives it great emphasis. avrav. S. 

§ 200. 3. The conduct of the Lacedaemonians in this affair, does not 
appear in a very favorable light. They seized the occasion of a failure 
to carry the place by storm, to turn the siege into a blockade, and 
thus gave a color to their dismissal of the Athenians, by announcing 
that they had no further need of them. 

4. eyv(oa-av — aTTOTrefjiTTOfjievoL^ they perceived that they toere sent atoay 
(see IsT. on 1. 25. § 1). The participle takes the nominative form, be- 
cause its subject is the same as that of the principal verb. Of. S. § 225. 

7. ovK. . . .Xoyo), not for any good reason^ as we say, not with the 

'best intention. Arnold, however, takes the expression in a less playful 
sense, and renders it : not upon the more creditable reason that was 
assigned. So Haack and Goeller also interpret, iin here denotes 
counsel or purpose. K. § 296. II. 3. c. For the use of the comparative, 
cf. Mt. §457; S. § 159. 8. — — rtvos vttotttov y^vopLevov denotes the 

cause. S. § 226. deivov 7roir)crdfji€voL^ esteeming it had usage^ tahing 

it as an affront. rovro Tra'^eh^ to receive such treatment. eVi 

m im r« Mrjbco is used in a hostile sense, against. K. § 296. II. 3. d, 

Cf. HI. 63. § 2. TTpbs avTovs depends on ^vpLfiaxiap. iKeivav 

refers to the Lacedemonians. — — ol avroi^ the same (S. § 160. 5) as 
the oaths with which the treaty with the Argives had been ratified. 

Hosted by 


362 NOTES. fBooKl 


In the tenth year of the siege Ithome is surrendered on the condition that its defenders 
shall leave LacedsBinon and never set foot in it again (§ 1); the Lacedtemonians are 
inclined to this leniency from a response, which they had received aforetime from the 
Pythian oracle (§ 2); the vanquished Helots are received by the Athenians, and settled 
at Nixupactus (§3); the Megareans forsake the Lacedoemonian alliance, and come over 
to the Athenians by whom their city is fortified and garrisoned (§ 4). 

1. Se/caro) eret, i. e. A. 0. 455. Olymp. 81. 2. The order of events 
is not strictly pursued in this summary, otherwise this termination of 
the siege would have been related at the beginning of chap. 111. 
This anticipation makes, the narration clearer, by grouping togetlier 
all the events and incidents pertaining to the siege and capture of 
Ithome. The length of the siege shows, that either the Lacediemoni- 
ans were very unskilful in conducting it (see I. 102. § 2), or that tlie 
place was by nature quite impregnable. e(j) J re (generally fol- 
lowed by the infinitive. Of. Jelf's Kiihn. § 8G5. 2; Mt. § 479. a% on 
condition that. The antecedent is eVl rovrc^ implied in the preceding 

clause. Of. K. § 341. R. 5, i^laaiv has the future signification 

(S. § 211. 1^. 4). The Sehol. calls this use of the future after e'^' J, 
an idiom of Thucydides. But cf. Jelf ^s Kiihn. 1. c, where examples 
of the same usage are cited from Herodotus. — — 6Tn(3r](TovTai avrrjs. 
This genitive may be referred to S. § 192. 1. 

2. KOi, also^ implies that there were other reasons, to which that 
derived from the Pythian oracle was added, why the Helots were 

suffered to depart on these terms. irpo rod. See K. on I. 32. § 4. 

Tov Alos tov 'T^cofi-qra. The mountain-fortress in which tlie 

Messenians made their last stand for freedom, is said to have derived 
its name from Ithome, one of the nymphs who nourished Jupiter. On 
the summit of the mountain was a temple dedicated to Jupiter Itho- 
matas. — - a<^teVat, to dismiss., to let go. I cannot find any instance 
where this w^ord is used in the sense of to manwnit^ which Bloomf, 
afiixGs to it. 

3. tear ex^os r)br) ro AaKebaifMovicov^ through hatred now to the 
Laced(Bono7iian$. The genitive is here objective, as in bia to liava-a- 
viov [XLfTos (1. 96. § 1), and dia ro ex'^os 'A^T/i/aio)!/ (II. 11. § 2). Of. 

III. 101. 1 2 ; lY. 1. § 2 ; VII, 5T. § T. -NavnaKrov, JSfaupactus^ now 

Lepanto., was situated on the Sinus Oorinthiacus, north-east of Antir- 
rhium. Its commanding position showed with what sagacity the 
Athenians selected places for their colonies and those of their allies. 

Hosted by 


Ohap.ciy.] notes. 363 

In the Peloponnesian war, this Messenian colony repaid witli interest 
the wrongs which they had suffered at the hands of the Lacedssraoni- 

ans. Of. II. 90. §§ 4-6. AoKpcou rcov 'O^oXcov^ the Ozelian Locri- 

ans^ one of the divisions of the Locrians in Greece, or perhaps a 
colony of the eastern Locrians, since Homer makes no mention of the 
OzolfB. In the Peloponnesian war they sided with the Athenians, 
partly through hatred of the ^tolians, and partly because the Athe- 
nians had possession of their principal town and harbor. 

4. irpoaexoyprjcrau Se kol MeyapPjs. Thucydides now returns to the 
narrative of events in their proper series (see N. on § 1 supra). Me- 
gara united with the Athenian confederacy, according to Mtiller 
(Ohron. Tab. Dorians, II. p. 464), a. c. 461, or six years before the 
reduction of Ithome. Another chronologlst fixes the date at a. o. 464, 

wliich is undoubtedly too early. rrepl. . . .Kare^xov. The Megare- 

ans and Corinthians were engaged almost continually in border hos- 
tilities. TO. fxaKpa TELx^] — diro rrjs TroXecos is 'Nlo-atav. These walls 

connected Megara with the port of Nis^a on the Sinus Saronicus, and 
were eight stadia in length (cf. lY. QQ. § 4), or eighteen stadia accord- 
ing to Strabo (391). Meyapevcn^ for the Megareans^ is the dat. 

commodi. ovX' " • TJp^aro^ from which in no small degree that 

violent hatred legan. The Corinthians -avowed their displeasure at 
this transaction, in their speech to the Athenians (I. 42. § 2), and the 
war spoken of in I. 105, owed its origin to the same cause. 


Inarus having revolted from the king of Persia calls to his aid the Athenians, who happa 
at that time to be laying siege to Cyprus ; these sailing up the Nile to Memphis, posset 
themselves of two parts of the town and besiege the third (§§ 1, 2). 

1. T(cv irpos AtyuTTTo), those lordering on Egy^jt. These Libyai. 
tribes occupied the district of country west of Egypt, probably what 
was afterwards called Libya Marmorica. — — Spfxcofxeuos iK Mapelas. 
See ISr. on I. 64. § 2. Marea was situated on the western part of the 
narrow strip of land, separating Lake Mareotis from the sea. I find 
that it is placed by Kiepert on the inland shore of the sonth-western 
part of that lake. Thus commencing hostilities at the western ex- 
tremity of the Delta, Inarus extended them eastward until all Egypt 
was engaged in the revolt. According to Diodorus (XL Tl), tliis 

Hosted by 


364 NOTES. [Book! 

defection of Inarus took place a. o. 461, and it was one year after- 
wards that he called in the Athenians. vjrep ^dpov^ omv against 

Fliaros. This was a small island in front of Alexandria, on which 
stood the celebrated lighthouse. — — ^Apra^ep^ov^ i. e. Artaxerxes 

Longiraanns. Bekker reads ''Kpro^ep^ov. apx(ov of the Egyptians. 

eV/yyayero, called in as allies. 

2. ervxov ^vppdxcov is a parenthesis (and so marked in some 

editions), thrown in to show the proximity of the Athenian ships to 

the scene of operations in Egypt. ^X^ou to Egypt. diroktrrov' 

T€s TTju KvTTpov. Ralcigli censures them for leaving Cyprus, while 

Mitford justifies them for the act. dvciTrXevo-avres — is rov NelXoi^, 

sailing up the Nile. rov re Trorajiov^ i. e. the parts bordering on 

the river, viz. the Delta. kol rrjs jiepcov. This was probably 

preceded by tlie great battle recorded by Ctesias and Diodorus, in 
which the Persians were defeated, and Achsemenes the brother of 

king Artaxerxes fell by the hand of Inarus. A€vk6u relx^s^ i^^ 

White Fortress. The Schol. says that it was so called, to distinguish 
it from the other two fortified places which were built of brick. It 
was probably the head-quarters of the Persian army in Egypt, which 

amounted in the time of Herodotus to 120,000 men. Uepaa^v koI 

MrjBcov. This distinction is rather singular, as these people had long 
before become one. By the Greek writers, as Poppo observes, they 
are very frequently called Medes alone, as in MrjbiKos TrdXe/xoy, prjbl- 
C^iv^ pr)bio'p6s^ etc. 


In a sea-fight with the Corinthians and Epidamnians, the Athenians are defeated, but in 
a subsequent one fought near Cecryphaleia are victorious (§ 1) ; they also conquer the 
^ginetao in a great naval engagement, and having landed upon the island lay siege to the 
city (§ 2) ; in order to make a diversion in favor of the city, the Corintliians take posses- 
sion of the heights of Geranea and invade the Megarean territory, supposing that no 
assistance could be furnished by the Athenians, unless they raised the siege of ^gina, 
since all their forces were employed in that place and in Egypt (§§ 8, 4) ; the Athenians, 
hoAvever, send from Athens a force composed of the old and young, who come to an 
indecisive engagement with the Corinthians (§§ 5, 6) ; being reproached by those at home, 
the Corinthians return to erect a trophy, and in a second engagement are completely 
routed by the Athenians (§ 7V 

1. 'AXidg. This is the reading of Bekker; but Poppo, Goellei, 
ilaack, Bloomf., and Arnold edit *AXtas, contracted for 'AXteZy, a 
people who lived on the coast of Argolis, and who were, as Arnold 

Hosted by 


Chap. OV.l NOTES. 365 

supposes, the TreptoiKoi of the Dorian Argives, the remnant of the old 
inhabitants who occupied the extreme point of Argohs, and hved by 
fishing (whence tlieir name arose) and perhaps by piracy. The read- 
ing of Dindorf is preferable, which refers it to the territory or chief 

town of this people. npos Koplv'^Lot. Neither Thucydides nor 

Diodorus gives the origin of this war, but it most likely arose from 
the ill-will, which the Corinthians bore to the Megareans for their 
defection to the Athenians. The battles here spoken of took place 

A. 0. 457. K€Kpv(j)a\€La. According to the Schol. this was an 

island, lying off the western coast of Peloponnesus. Pape says that it 
was a small island in the Laconic gulf, and Ool. Leake (Travels in the 
Morea, 11. p. 455) identifies it with Kyra, one of the small islands 
which lie between Epidaurus and ^gina. This is its true situation, 

and the one. assigned it by Kiepert. UcXoTrovvrjcrLoiv. "Qui ii 

Peloponnesii ? Oorinthii puto, Epidaurii, Spartani, ^^ginetse." Od. 
Mull. ^gin. p. 176. 

2. TToXepov be Karaaravros. This war doubtless resulted from the 
preceding one, as the ^ginetse were allies of the Peloponnesians. 

'A'^-qvaloLS depends on KaTaa-rdvTOS. fxera raOra, 1. e. after the 

transactions just mentioned. Poppo and Haack place a comma after 
'A'^rjvaiois^ and thus connect /xera ravra with the following words. 

avTwv^ i. e. TOiV AlyLvrjTOiV. eiTokiopKovv^ SC. TrjV Klyivav. Aeco- 

Kpdrovs. This general was a colleague of Aristides in the battle at 
Platsea, as was also Myronides, who gained the victory spoken of in 
§ 7 infra. 

3. TrpoTcpov must not be taken with hi^^l^acrav^ but with imKov- 

povs, formerly the auxiliaries. ra de aKpa rrjs repave/as, tJie Jieights 

of Geranea. This mountain stretched across the isthmus between 
Corinth and Megara, belonging probably to the territory of the latter. 

4. d7Tovar]s arpaTLas ttoXX^s, as a large portion of their arr)iy loas 

ahsent. dn^ Alylvrjs dpao-Trjaea'^ai avrovs. It was the object of 

this inroad into the Megarean territory, to create a diversion in favor 
of the ^^gineta?, who were at this time besieged by the Athenian 
army under Leocrates. 

5. TMv , , , ,v€coraToi., those left in the city (viz.) tlie oldest and the 
youngest. "The genitive tu>v vTroXoLrrcov is put for the nominative, 
ol being understood. Cf Mt. § 297. 3." Bloomf. But this, as Poppo 
remarks, is contrary to the laws of the language, and does not remove 
the difficulty which it was intended to do. The construction, which 
makes the genitive depend on ol it pea-^vraroi and ol v^cararoi^ is in 
accordance with the obvious sense: of those remaining in the city 
[z=. of the citizens) the aged and the young.^ who had been on that 

Hosted by 


366 NOTES. [Book I 

account left behind (vTroXoiTrcov)^ when the more able-bodied set out 
on the expeditions previously referred to. 

6. lo-oppoTTovj equcdly halanced^ ifideciswe, ivofiicrav, , , /epyco^ 

each tliougJit tlmt tliey had got the tetter (ovk eXaaaav^ not inferior^ 
by litotes =: superior) in the action (epyco = p^axu). 

7. €KpdTr](rav yap oficos pakXop^ for [although neither party came 
off decidedly victorious] yet they (i. e. the Athenians) had rather the 
advantage. The evidence of this is furnished in dneX^opTcov ran/ Kopiv- 
Sto)!/, inasmuch as the Corinthians retired after the battle was over. It 

was on this account that the Athenians erected a trophy. KaKi^o- 

fXevoL^ ibeing reproached because they had suffered themselves to be 
driven from the field by old men and boys (see N. on § 5 supra). 

Aristid. narrates that they were upbraided vtto rccv oiKeloiv. rfpi- 

pas — bcdbcKa p^aXiara (see N. on I. 54, § 2), for ahoiit tioehe days. 

eX'^ovres to the place of the engagement. av'^Laradav rpoiralov., 

'began to erect a tropjhy in opposition {avri-). The imperfect tense is 
used of an action not brought to a successful conclusion. See IST. on I. 

57. § 4. U^orpr](javres^ sallying fortli. jois aXXoLs who had 

come to the aid of those who were erecting the trophy. Diod. says: 
ttoXlv yevop,€Pr]s Icrxypd-S p,d)(Y]s iv r?] Xeyop^evrj Kt/xcoXta, ttoXiv ivLKYjaav 
^A'^rjj/aloL.f Ka\ ttoXXovs dvelXop rcci/ TfoXep-Loov. 


On the retreat of the Corinthians, a part lose their way, and are driven into a place from 
■which escape is impossible (§ 1) ; the Athenians surround them and stone them to 
death (§ 2). 

1. Poppo thinks that this chapter should be included in the 
preceding one, or if two chapters are to be formed, that the second 

should begin at I. 105. § 4. rl. . . .oXlyov^ some considerable p)or- 

tion of them. The student will notice the litotes in ovk dXlyov. 

biapaprbv rrjs odod, missed entirely (Sta-) the toay. S. § 197. 2. es 

Tov (== TLVoi) x^p'^ov iSicoroi;, i. e. €s rov IbcdyTov p^copto?/. Of. Mt. § 279. 
Ohs. 4. x^P'-^^ ^^^'^ signifies a spot., enclosure., to which, as Avas often 
the practice in ancient times, a local name was given. Perhaps the 
battle, to which Diod. refers as fought iv rfj X^yop.ivrj KejucoXia (see 

]Sr. on I. 105. § 7), was the one here spoken of. J depends on 

ervx'^v = ervx^v ov. Jelf constructs it as a local dative, and refers it 

to § 605 of his edition of Ktihner. 7T€pL€7pyov (sc. avro referring to 

j^iopLov., enclosed it all around. 

Hosted by 


Chap. OVII.] NOTES. 867 

2. Kara Trpoo-^wTToj/, in fron% i. e. at the entrance of the field. The 
hoplites were stationed here, because it was the only place where 
those hemmed in could escape. — ~ Karekeva-av^ stoned to death. This 
was done by the slingers, who constituted a considerable portion of 
the liglit-armed. Bloomf. remarks that the Athenians aitewards 
tasted the bitter fruits of this unsparing cruelty. -~ avroXs stands for 
the adnominal genitive. Kiihner (Jelf s edit. § 597) ranks this with 
the dat. coramodi, the thing possessed being conceived of as being for 
the owner's benefit 


The Atbenlans begin to build tlie Long Walls (§ 1) ; the Laeedjemonlans and their allies 
having gone to assist the Dorians against the Thocians, their return home is impeded by 
the Athenians (§§2,8); whereupon they resolve to remain in BoBOtia and watch their 
opportunity to return home, being priviitely importuned also hy certain Athenians, to 
assist in abolishing democracy in their city, and to put a stop to the erection of the 
Long Walls (§ 4) ; the Athenians and their allies sallj' forth against them, partly on the 
supposition that they would be embarrassed in effecting a return home, and partly 
through apprehension of their intrigues to put down democracy (§§ 5, 6) ; some Thessa- 
lian horse join the Athenians, who, however, desert them in the time of action (§ 7), 

1. rjp^avTo — oLKoboiJL€iif. The infinitive follows apx^o-'^ai. when the 
notion of the dependent verb is only in intention not in act; but the 
participle, when it is actually begun. Of. Jelf s Kiihn. § 688. Obs. 

• Kara rovs ^p^^o^^ roiirovs^ in these times^ i. e. in the time of 

these occurrences which have just been related. t6 re ^akrjpopde. 

See K on II. 13. § 7. 

2. ixrjrpoTToXtu is in apposition with Acopias (= Aaypida. Mt. § 429. 
2), as are also BotoV, Kvriuoi/^ and 'Epti/eoV, showing its parts or divi- 
sions (Mt. § 432. 3). ^LKoprjdovs is to be constructed with rjyovpe- 

vov. Nicomedes is supposed to have been the uncle of Pleistoanax 
and brother of Pausanias, for Oieombrotus is often mentioned as the 
father of Pausanlas. Dakas makes Leonidas to have been a brother 
to Nicomedes and Pausanias. But he was a son of Anaxandrides and 

brother (some say twin-brother) to Oieombrotus. vTvep UX^ia-rodva- 

KTos^ in the stead of Pleistoanax. J^icomedes was tutor of tlie young 
king, and acted as regent. — ^acriXeois is referred by most commen- 
tators to Pleistoanax^ since Pausanias was only regent, although called 
king (as he virtually was) by Demosthenes, Aristotle, Plutarch, etc. 
It is written in I. 114. § 2 with equal ambiguity, nXeicrrodvaKros rod 

U.avcrauLOV (daacXecos AaKedaifjLovicou rjyovpepov. veov ovros eri^ !)€- 

ing yet j youth. i^ov^vaav roU Acopievo-iv, MiiHei* fi^es thQ date 

Hosted by 


368 NOTES. [Book! 

of this expedition at a. o. 467. Olymp. 80. 4, and very correctly sup- 
poses that they returned the following year. — — eavrcbv^ of their own, 

oTrKirats is the dative of accompaniment (S. § 206. 5). 

ofioXoyiq^ mi terms of surrender. 

3. /caret '^aXaa-o-av^ l)y sea. el (BovXotuTo — efieXkov. There is an 

cliipsis of au in the apodosis, that particle heing seldom added to the 

verb fjLeWco. Kpio-aiov koXttov^ the Oriscean gitlf This bay was 

soiitli of Phocis, and belonged to tlie Sinus Oorinthiacus to which it 

sometimes gave its name. irepaiova'^ai • on their way home-. 

ireprnXevcravTes^ having sailed around Peloponnesus. This they would 
be under the necessity of doing, in order to enter the Corinthian gulf. 

— — Meyapa kol Ur]yds> Of. 1. 103. § 4. dvcrodos, transitu difficilis, 

yap introduces as the reason why it would be unsafe to go by 

Geranea, that the Athenians had possession of Megara and Pegos, 

TOTs^ i. e. at the time when they were wishing to return. 

7](T?iduovTo — p^eWovras. See N. on 1. 26. § 3. ravrji, there^ i. e. in 

the defiles of Geranea, through which lay the road to Lacedsemon by 
the way of the Isthmus. 

4. tdo^e — oro) rponco — diaTTOpevcrovTaL. IsTotice the change from the 
oblique to the direct discourse, the action belonging to the past being 

transferred to the present time of the speaker. Of. K. § 345. 5. 

BoLcoTOLs. Boeotia lay west of Phocis, and in this state the Laced£Q- 

monians took up their quarters and spent the winter. to be n 

Ka'i., ''^partim etiaonP Bauer. iXTrla-avTes . . . . olKodopovp,epa, ho2nng 

to put doion democracy and put a stop to tuilding tlie Long Walls, 
The student will notice the dilogia in Karanavxreiv, See 'E. on I. 26. 
§ 3. The popular leaders, who were aiming to secure for Athens the 
sovereignty of the sea, urged the erection of the Long Walls as a 
measure most beneficial to the state. As a project, therefore, of the 
democratical party, and as rendering Athens independent of the Lace- 
dsamonians, the building of these walls was opposed by the aristocracy. 

5. iravhr^peL " Hand dubie qui militari erant letate ; hos enim 
paulo post tredecim millia Athenis effecisse'II. 13. cognoscemus." 

Poppo. — -— ^Kpyeicixv )(i\loi. Of, I. 102. § 4. ■ cas eKao-rot (so 

^XSoi^), '•''singuli pro rata parted Poppo. See IST. on I. 3. § 5. 

^vpiravTcs^ i. e. the Athenians and their allies. Mitfgrd says that with 
the cavalry and the attending slaves, the whole number could be 
scarcely less than 30,000 men. 

6. popL(raPT€s^ because they thought. See K. on I. 9, § 4. ■ — — dteX» 
^icocrtv in their return home. — — Kal n Kai^ and partly. Didot reads 

KaiVoi Kai. rov drjpov KaraXva-€o)s, of the subxersion of the demo- 

yvacy (cf. § 4 supra). Notice the change of construction from w^/^ 

Hosted by 


Chap. CYIII] NOTES. 869 

cravres^ "witll which Poppo compares &crre fxrjrL aTreipla — voixicravra^ 
T. 80. §1. 

7. iTTTrrjs. Attic for mTrfis. — — ■ Kara to ^Vjjtfxaxi-Kov^ according tO 
the t'l^eaty of alliance. Of. I. 102. §4. — — fieri a-rrja-av =z jjLereTd^aproj 
changed sides (see N. on II. 67. § 1). Bloomf. — iv rS epycp (at 
Taimgra). See N". on I. 105. § 6. ' - ' 


The Athenians and Lacedaemonians come to an engagement at Tanagra, in which the latter 
come off victorious (§ 1), after wliich they return home hy the way of Geranca and tho 
Isthmus. The Athenians afterwards invade and conquer Boeotia, and throw down the 
walls of Tanagra (§§ 2, 3) ; the iEginetss surrender to the Athenians on conditions (§ 4), 
after which the Athenians cruise around the Peloponnesian coast, burn the dock of the 
LacedfemonianSj take Chalcis, and defeat the Sicyonians (§ 5). 

1. fjidxv^' According to Diod. this battle lasted two days, no de- 
cided advantage being gained by either party. It is evident, however, 
that the fruit of victory was enjoyed by the Lacedasmonians, inasmuch 

as they returned unimpeded to their home. iv=:in the mcinity 

of. The city of Tanagra was situated on a lofty and rugged eminence, 
on the north bank of the Asopus near the junction of the Thermodon 
(cf. Kiepert's Map of Bceotia), and was remarkable for the thrift and 
orderly character of its inhabitants. Of. Cramer's Greece, II. pp. 

2. devBpotoprja-avres. This Was a common method of inflicting 
injury upon a hostile territory. Of. Xen. Anab. I. 4. § 10. The trees 
selected to be cut down or girdled, were doubtless such as bore fruit, 
or served for shade or ornament. -— — irakiv (xtt^X^ov eV olkov (see N. 
on I. 30. § 2). Diod. says that a truce of four months was entered 
upon after the battle, which is highly probable, as in no other way 
can we account for the unimpeded passage of the Lacedeemoniaiis 
over Geraneae 

3. OtVo(/)uro£ff, (Snophyta^ '' was not a town but a plot of ground 
forming one farm, planted with olive-trees." Bloomf The reason 
why the Boeotians were thus invaded, was the assistance which they 
had rendered the Lacedemonians in the battle at Tanagra (cf. koI ol 
^upfiaxoi^ § 1 supra). — rrjs Botoarms' except Thebes. Of. III. 62. 
- — - TreptelXov, demolished all around^ or rather, demolished the wall 
lohich was around the city. Of. Liddell and Scott sub voce. Bloomf. 
renders the word, dismantled^ viz. by removing the battlements of the 
wall, and lowering it to a height practicable to be scaled by an invad- 

Hosted by 


370 Is^OTES. [Book I 

ing force. AoKp^u — eXajSov. Afterwards Myronides, according to 

Diodoriis, penetrated into Thessal}' to punish that people for their de- 
sertion in the battle of Tanagra, but failing in his attempt upon the 
town of Pharsalia. he returned to Athens. But compare I. 111. § 1 
(on which see ISTote), where it appears that the Thessalian expedition 

was later, probably a. o. 454. rd re eTr^reXecrav, "When two 

or more attributives are joined to a substantive, each of which" has a 
peculiar force, the article is used with each. This is more rare when 
the attributives follow the substantive." Jelf 's Kiihn. § 459. 5. As 
the foundations of these walls were laid by Oimon, when the spoils of 
the victory of the Eurymedon were applied by the Athenians to the im- 
provement of the city, and as Cimon, after a banishment of five years, 
was recahed (a. o. 456) the same year in which the two walls were 
finished, Ool. Leake (Athens, I. p. 425) thinks that the year 462 is the 
latest to which the commencement of the walls can be ascribed. If 
so, the words Kara rovs xpo^ovs tovtovs (L 107. § 1) must be received 
with some latitude. 

4. ti>jiok6yr]a-av Se Ka\ AlyLv?]Tai after -they had stood a siege of 
nine months. Miiller fixes the date of this event, a. o. 457, but I pre- 
fer with other chronologists to assign to it the date of a. o. 456. 

TrepieXoures (see IST. on rrepielXop^ § 3 supra), 7rapu86vT€s^ and ra^dpe- 

voL denote the conditions on which the capitulation was made. 

5. nepteTrXeva-ap. This cruise took place the next year after the 

surrender of ^gina, i. e. a. o. 455. Olymp. 81. 2. to veapiov 

refers to the naval arsenal or docks at Gytheura. XaX/ci§a, Chalcis 

in ^tolia which was a Corinthian colon}^ aTro^da-cL rrjs yrjs = 

cLTTo^do-ei iirl Trj£ yr)£. the genitive being objective and supplying the 
place of the preposition and its case. 


U'tie Persians having been vanqmshed in Egypt by the Athenians and their allies, Arta- 
xerxes sends Megabazus to Lacedffimon inviting tliat people to create a diversion by in- 
vading Attica (§§ 1, 2) ; but being unsuccessful in bis mission he returns to Asia, where- 
upon the liing despatches a largo force to Memphis, by which the Egyptians and their 
allies are defeated, and the Greeks shut up in the island of Prosopis, where after hold- 
ing out for one and a half years, they are finally overcome by the Persians (§§ 3, 4), 

1. The nar.'ation of the Egyptian war is here resumed fi-oni I. 104. 
— avroLs. .'. .KaT€(TTr](Tavz=:i carried Oil the war loitli various incidents^ 
i. e. various and diverse fortunes befell them in the prosecution of the 
war. These are narrated by Diod. Sic. XL 77. 

Hosted by 


Chap. CIX.] NOTES. 371 

2. TO jxev yap Trpwrov^ for in the first place, yap is epesegefical^ 
i. e. it serves to explain rroWal Ibeai Trokeficov in the preceding section. 

eKpdrovv refers to the victory spoken of in I. 104. § 2. jSao-t- 

Xeu?, i. e. Artaxerxes Longiraanus. Meyd^a^ou. Smitli thinks 

that this may be the same person v^ith the one of that name, who 

held a command in the fleet of Xerxes. Of. Herod. VII. 97. 

civdpa Uepcrrju. This is not to be considered as an appellation of rank 
or dignity, but rather as serving to distinguish the person here spoken 
of, from Megabyzus the son of Zopyrus, a Persian, who was sent as 
commander of the army in Eg^^pt (cf. § 3 infra). This is rendered 
probable by the fact that Meydf^a^os and MeyajSv^os are so interming- 
led in Herodotus, Otesias, and other writers, that it is quite certain 
they are only different forms of the same name. The use of this ap- 
pellation may be seen in a form of expression like the following : a 
Persian l^y the name of Megdbazus — another Persian also of the name 
of Megabyzus (the same name as the preceding although slightly 

varied in form) the son of Zopyrus (cf. § 3). ottcos is used here in 

its telle sense. See N, on I. 65. § 1. • 7reto-3ez/rcoz/ rcbv HeXoTrowr]- 

(Ticov denotes the means. 

3. 03S. TTpovxcopei^ hut when he met loith no success; literally, 

lohen things (rrpdyfjiara supplied from the context. K. § 238. R. 3. c) 
did not tur7i out well for him. aXXoos-, otherwise (than to advan- 
tage) := in 'Dain. dvaXovro. For the omission of the augment, see 

K. § 122. 1. Meya/3ufoz/. As this general was one of the com- 
manders of the land forces of Xerxes, when he invaded Greece, and 
also commanded the army which was defeated by Oimon on the Eu- 
rymedon, he must have been at this time somewhat advanced in years 
and have had much military experience. — — Zcanvpov^ Zopyrus, He 
was the one through whose self-devotion Babylon was taken by Darius. 
Cf. Herod. III. 160. arpanas TroXkrjs. Diodorus says that the num- 
ber was 300,000 ,- Otesias, 200,000. The latter author, however, adds 
the troops which remained in Egypt, thus making a total of 500,000 
men. According to Diodorus, a fleet of 300 ships accompanied them. 

4. Tovs ^vjjipdxovs., i. e. the Athenians. — — XIpoo-coTriVtSa. The 
island Prosopis v^as formed probably by two branches of the Nile, or 
perhaps as Blooraf. thinks, by the Nile and a wide and deep canal. 

The Schol. says that it is the same as that called Nicion. fi?]pas 

e^, i. e. e^ fjirjpas. • H'^XP^ ^^i '^^^^*^- rrju diapvxa in which lay 

the Athenian triremes. aXX?7, another way^ in another direction, 

rd^ re ... , inoLrja-e^ he caused the ships to ground. TrefJ ^^ ^0 

t>e constructed with hiaBds, 

Hosted by 


872 NOTES [BooKi 


A. smill remnajit only of the Greeks escape from Egypt, which country again passes undet 
the dominioM of the Persians (§§ 1, 2) ; Inarus is treacherously taken and crucified (§ 3) ; 
fifty Athenian triremes having come to the relief of the fleet in Egypt, are attacked by 
the Persians and most of them destroyed (§ 4), and thus terminates the Egyptian expe- 
dition (§ 5). 

1. TToXefxrjcravTa belongs in sense to 'EWrjvcov, but in grammatical 
form to Trpayjuara, which is the principal word in the periphrasis ra 

TCdv 'EXkrjvcov Trpdyiiara. oXiyoL, . . ^icra^rjcrav. Diod. says that 

the Persians, through admiration of the valor of the Athenians, al- 
lowed them to evacuate Egypt and return home unmolested. But 
this is hardly reconcilable with the closing words of the preceding 
chapter (elXe Trjv vrjaov)^ and then, as Bloomf. inquires, why did they 
not leave Egypt by the way of the Nile, if they were suffered to de- 
part in peace? Kvprjvrjv^ Gyrene, This was a flourishing city of 

Libya Oyrenaica, situated a few miles from the Mediterranean coast, 
directly opposite Greece. In making this retreat (which was a kind 
of archetype of the Anabasis), the Greeks unquestionably took the 
route by Paraetonium, and so along the sea-coast, where were numer- 
ous Greek settlements. 

2. 'AfjLvpTaiov. This AmyrtsDus must not be confounded with the 
Saite of the same name, who revolted from the Persians in the reign 
of Darius Nothus, as that event took place a. o. 414, or upwards of 
forty years after the termination of the revolt here spoken of. This 
Amyrt86us, according to Herodotus, was reduced to submission by the 
Persians, and his son Pausiris suffered to reign over the fen district of 
the Delta, by their favor ; whereas the Amyrt£eus who revolted from 
Darius iSTothus, was succeeded by four successive kings, nor did the 
Persians recover their ascendency over the country, until the reign of 
Ochus, nearly sixty years afterwards. Of. Arnold's note on this pas- 
sage, to which I am indebted for the substance of these remarks. In 
Smith's Diet. Gr. and Rom. Biog. and MythoL, there is mention made 
of only one Amyrtosus who revolted, and he is said to have reigned in 
the marshy districts from the time of his revolt from Artaxerxes, until 
about A. 0. 414, when the Egyptians expelled the Persians, and Amyr- 
t«3us reigned over Egypt six years, he-i.-tx the only king of the twenty- 
eighth dynasty. eXccn^ low grounds^ marshes^ lyii^g between the 

Oanopio and the Tanitio mouths of the Nile, and comprising the most 
of what was called the Delta, -^-.r^^ koX q-jxa. . . /eXeioi is a varied con- 
struction for Ka\ cifia dta to fj.axiixiordrovs <clva{ '^5)y Alyvnrtcov tovs 
iXeiovs demanded by the preceding niember. 

Hosted by 


Chap. CXI.] KOTES. 378 

3. TrpoBooia Xrj(j)?i€Ls. According to Otesias (c. 84), lie made an 
agreement with Megabyzus to surrender ecpi" d ixrideu kukou Traph ^aat^ 
Aeco? XajSeij/. But after five years' residence at the court, whither he 
was carried a prisoner, at the instigation of Araytis, the mother of the 
king and of Achieraenes, he was put to death by Artax