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Frontispiece No i — Fourth Annual Reunion of Comrades and Fami- 
lies at Eldridge Park 

Frontispiece No. 2 — Second Annual Reunion at Watkins Glen 

Frontispiece No 3 — Fourth Annual Reunion at Eldridge Park 

Preface 3 

History of Regiment? 6 

History of Company „ 8 

Record of Company 9 

Recruits „ 14 

Company I ordered to Washington 17 

Recruiting OfiScer's Experience 45 

Night Atiack on Hatteras _ 48 

A Picket Captured 56 

Reception in New York 57 

Company I Veteran Association 58 

Cut of Baron Von Eggloffstein 8 

Drum Corps „ 35 

George J Simpson 18 


Colonel Benjamin Ringold 66 

Capt. W. M. Crosby 67 

First Lieutenant George T. Dudley „ 70 

Second Lieutenant W. L. Dudley 74 

Captain G. A. Hussey 75 

Simeon E. L. Wilbur 80 

DeWitt C. Wilbur Si 

O S. Kimball 82 

H. O. Wilbur _ 85 

I. T. German „ _ „ 86 

D. J La Due „ 91 

H H. Bolt g2 

J. S. Buchanan 94 

Rev A Carey 94 

C M Carey „ _ 95 

D. W Carey 97 

E. B. Cooper _ log 

T. Cuddeback „ no 

Iv M. DickersoD _ in 

G, A. Loagv.ell 112 

L. L. Flower „ 113 

E Harpending 133 

G. Hibbard „ _ „_ _.... 134 

R. Hill „ _ .- ~~.. ... ^ 138 

H. P. Kimball 139 

H. Lamoreaux ". 140 

J. C. Lormore _ 142 

C. T. Ostrander 142 

E. Orvis 143 

G. Ostrander _ 145 

Wm. K. Smith _ 146 

I V. Seely „ 147 

Thomas S.Smith '. 147 

H. L. Stilwell I48 

J. H. Stoughton 149 

W. J. Sutherland !. I49 

M. T Tyrrell „ 150 

J. Wade 154 

F. Wescott '... 155 

O. R. Whitney 157 

•N. Wood _ : 161 

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The history of Company "I" lOSrd regiment X. Y. S. 
Volunteer Infantrv was undertaken in accordance with 
a resolution passed unanimously at the eighth annual re- 
uiion ofCompany "I" Veteran Association held at Grove 
Park in Elmira, X. Y.. on the 30th day of August, 1895. 
I'.v this resolution the author and compiler of this work 
was instructed "to prepare a pamphlet each year" iit a 
cost not to exceed twenty-tive dollars. 

At the ninth annual reunion, very little having been 
done on the work, he was again instructed to proceed 
with the work of preparing for publication a history ot 
Cu:npany "I" and was limited to a cost not to exceed 
tifrv dollars. At first it was contemplated only to gather 
ni-vtorical facts in relaiion to the service of the company, 
iuii it assumed larger proportions until the present little 
vohime is the result. In its preparation the author is in- 
debted verv much to Mrs. Crosby, who gave all the pa- 
pers, records and documents left br her late husband, 
Captain William M. Crosby, relating to the company, its 
t')rmation, authoriiv for organization, etc., also the loan 
of the private diarie-^ of Ca])tain Crosby, for the years ot 
1^'J2, 1SG3 and 1664^. These were invaluable in con- 
cl'isivelv settling records and dates of events and in no 
oiher wav could have been obtained a knowledge of 
^n.'inv of the faci.s gathered in this compilation. 

ile is also indebted to Lieut. Geo. T. Dudley of the In- 
terior Department, Washington, D. Cfnrhis willingness 
'■'.\ contributing a chapter to the history, as well as other 
valuable work, and to Captain Geo. A. Hussey for 
■''i-"*-ch of C )1. Bjnj. Rlm^old with photos, also a mono- 
"^'a;-:r oil recruits. Couiraiio II ussey shown a most 
'•' 'nuucndablc .^cal an<l abiliiv in assisting in the work in 

isiv way called upon. He is as well under a debt ot 

gratitude to the comrades of Company "I" for their for- 
bearance and for answers to letters of inquiry. 

In some instances it has been impossible to secure the 
data for personal sketches, and as a consequence they do 
not appear. In such cases a note under the name in the 
roll on the same page will give all that is known. He 
has also endeavored to obtain the whereabouts of those 
surviving comrades whose addresses were unknown and 
in this has been ably seconded by other members of the 
Association, but notwithstanding all efforts, there are 
eleven of the original company that left Elmira, sup- 
posed to be still living, whose place of residence is un- . 

He has endeavored to make herein no statement with- 
out authority for the same, nor has he trusted to mem- 
ory, but has taken the facts gathered, from records, from 
Captain Crosby's diary, statements of comrades who 
were knowing to the same, his own record of events 
written at the time of the occurrence, or any other 
sources where records were made at the time. Captain 
Crosby's record of events is very complete and it has 
been relied on to quite an extent as the best obtainable. 
Many times the ditTerent records have been compared to 
get facts. 

The age given at enlistment is not in all instances cor- 
rect, for the reason that in some crises a greater age was 
given than the true one. Thi.s was probablv true in a 
large number of cases where the person enrolled was 
under eighteen years of age in order to be sure of accept- 
ance. The date of birth given in personal sketches should 
correct these errors, where sketches are given. 

In making up the personalsketches of comrades it has 
been deemed best not to repeat tiie movements of the 
com[KUiy and regiment in cacli individualcase unless that 
movement, or action, particularly concerned that com- 

radc. Though this rule has been followed there are a few 
instances when it wasdevicited from, the compiler having 
in mind the illustration* of some phase of arm^-life or the 
narative of events in some specined action. For these 
reasons the military service of comrades in their sketches 
mav sometimes seem dehcient. In some cases and in 
fact manv comrades have almost altogether failed to 
mention their part in the war, expecting the author to 
supply it from the records apparently forgetting that no 
records of service are at hand. He has failed in many 
cases to get from comrades in their data for sketches 
much of details such as promotions, detached service, 
volunteering for hazardous undertakings, etc. Much of 
this could have been remedied b}' personal conversation 
had it been possible. 

That there may be many inaccuracies and omissions 
there is no doubt, but that these have been reduced to a 
minimum the author is satisfied. With all its faults, 
hov/ever, he trusts that the History of Company "I" wall 
be a welcome guest in the homes of the former members 
and their families in coming years. 

?»i I- -■ 1 ;(■■•: ,0"\' 


The 103d Regiment, New York State Volunteers, ( Sew- 
ard Infantry) was formed at New York City, under the 
direction and supervision of Baron Fred W. Von Egloft- 
stein, who was commissioned Colonel of the same by the 
Governor of the State of New York. It was enlisted be- 
tween November, 1861, and March. 1862, for three years. 
The organization was completed March 1st, 1862, bv the 
consolidation of the od Regiment, German Rifles, Colonel 
Caspar Schneider, with the Seward Infantry, Colonel von 
Egloffstein. The companies (except Compjiny ''I," 
which was raised in Elmira. N. Y., ) were enlisted in and 
around thecity of Xew York. Thesecompanies werealmost 
exclusively Germans, including officers, and in their inter- 
course with each other talked the German language, man v 
of them, in fact, being unable to speak or understand 
English to any great extent. Company "C" was what 
the Colonel chose to call the " Elite Company," and was 
made the color company in the regimental line. It was 
composed of commissioned officers, Eurojjeans, who had 
seen service in the Prussian Jirmy. Thev were jjasscd bv 
board ot examiners in Xew York Citv, the purpose beino- 
to use them as officers in volunteer Xew York State regi- 
ments as vacancies occurred. Alth.mgh thev shouldered 
the musicet, they enlisted on the condition above stated, 
and, as this condition could not be fullilled. thev were 
mustered out of the United States' service and sent Ijack 
to Xew York May 8, 18('»2. after tlie regiment had reached 
the front and were in camp near Xewberne. X. C. For 
this reason there were but nine coni])aniesin this regiment 
during the war. 

Tile regiment left the Stale .March ."th, 18(V2, and pro- 
ceeded to Washington, D. C, gtnng into camj) at Meri- 
dian Hill, where they com[ileted their equi])ment and 


A : .U-A . 

where they were joined on the 23d by Captain William 
M. Crosby with Company I. 

On the 25th of March the full regiment proceeded by 
rail to Annapolis, Md., and on the 27th went on board 
the steamer Erricson ; April 1st came to Xewberne, N. C, 
being in General Reno's brigade, 2d Division, Department 
of N. C; from July. 1862, was in the 1st Brigade. 3d 
Division 9th Army Corps; from April, 1S63, was at Suf- 
folk, Va., in the 7th Corps, Department of Va.; June and 
July, 1863, was on the Peninsula in 1st Brigade. 2d Di- 
vision, 7th Corps; from August, 1863, in the Depart- 
ment of the South, Alvord's Brigade, 2d Division, ISth 
Corps, also in same Brigade Gen. Yogdes Division, 10th 
Corps; from August, 1864-. in 2d Brigade, DeRussey's 
Division, 22d Corps; from September 22d, 1864. in 1st 
Brisrade, Provisional Division. Armv of Shenandoah, in 
Shenandoah Valley, Va.; January 1st, 1865, in 1st Brig- 
ade, Ferrera's Division, Army of the James, at Bermuda 
Front, Va. After the surrender of the Army of Northern 
Virginia bv Gen. Lee at Appomattox, Va.. the regiment, 
reduced bv the muster out of those whose term of en- 
listment had expired, was formed into a battalion ot 
three companies, A, B and C, under the command oi Cap- 
tain William Radlick, and was in the Department of 
Nottoway, Va. The service was Provost Duty in the 
counties around Petersburg, Va. The battalion was 
mustered out of the service of the United States finally on 
account of services being no longer required at City 
Point, Va., Dec. 7th, 1S65, and was sent to Hart's 
Island, New York Harbor, for final pav, which was re- 
ceived December l-ith, 1865. 



1 03rd New York Volunteers. 

Late in the \"ear 1S61 William M. Crosby of Bingham- 
ton, N. y., then connected with Cauld well's Commercial 
College of Elmira, X. Y., became very much interested in 
raising a company of volunteers for the war, and after 
correspondence on the subject with the State authorities, 
both the executive and the militarv.he received authority 
from Col. Baron Von Egloffstein of the Seward Infantr}", 
then forming at Xew York City, to raise a compan\' for 
that regiment. This paper is dated December 2Sth, 1861, 
and bears the approval of the Governor, signed b\' Thos. 
Hillhouse, Adjutant General. 

A few days later he received a commission from Head- 
quarters Militarv Depot at Xew Y'ork City, dated Janu- 
ary 2d, 1862, signed bv Brigadier General commandinof. 
and countersigned by Colonel Von Eglofi'stein, command- 
ing Seward Intantry. This commission gave Captain 
Crosby authority to raise a company designated as Com- 
pany"!," Seward Infantry, which regiment was being 
raised by special order from the Governor of the State of 
Xew York. Thereupon Elliot P. Sheppard, commanding 
the military dejiot at Elmira. provided quarters for the 
new company in the brick V)nild!ng then knon-n as "C(-)ld 
Sj^ring Brewery" on West Water Street, Elmira, and 
contracted for subsistence for the men as tliev shoukl be 
enlisted at the h<^tel, northeast corner of Water and Alain 
Streets, known as "Franklin Hotel." 

The cnrollmciit began on January 3d, 1862. and pro- 
gressed with fairly good success. The medical examina 
tions were by Dr. W. C. Wcy. a i)hysician oi repute living 
in k^kuira, and each recruit, after passing examination, 
was mustered into the service by Capinin Willi.-un Hud- 
son Lawrence. U. S. A., or Major A. L. Lee. I'. S. A. 
Boinities were not thfvvi-ht of at that time, though tlie 

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.'03d N. Y. Vols,, date of rank February 20, 1S62, honorably discharged 
Nov 12 1S63 

National goverument promised S 100 bounty to be paid 
at dischar2:e after three vears' service. 




• 3 


gharaton, N 




Elmira, N 




Elrnira. N. 




Elmira, N. 




Elmira, N. 




Caton, N 


We give the names, age, and residence in the order of 
(late of enrollment : 

Age. Enrolled Residence when 






Corporal— He served the liine of his enlistment, was a good 
soldier, ever ready to do his duty. Was mustered out at New 
York City, March 17 1S65 Died at his home. Carthage. Mo , 
June g, iSog 

7 S.\MUEL A PAYNE, 15 •' 10 Havana, N Y. 

Priv.ate — Discharged at Elmira N Y , January 23, 1S63. 
Resides in Binghamton. N. Y. 
^ HENRY MAGEE 24 "14- Watkins. N Y 

Sergeant— Discharged November 22d. 1862 When last heard 
from resided at Marinette. Wisconsin 
M HERM\N E, MILLIMAN. 19 ■' 17 Hector, N Y. 

Sergeant— He was sick and delirious on boat from Hatteras 
Island. N C . in September. 1S62. .\t Norfolk Va , he fell doun 
b):it hatchway, was taken up unc ■nscious, taken to a hospital near 
P'lrtsmouth, and died same day He was at that time Sergeant 
iif the company 
1-' JAMES POST, 35 •■17 Hec:or. N. Y 

Pri\ate — Di-charged at Washington, D C. October 13, 1S62 

u FERNANDO WESCOTT 19 • 17 Hector, N. Y. 

; ]KS5K S BL'CHANAN 21 ■• 22 Caton, 

■\ WILLIAM W DULLARD. 37 ■■ 22 Hector. 

1 Rr> .\T£ — D;>c!i irjjeci at Siuiolk Va., March },-j. I.^'>3. by order 

of General Dix It is reported he is dead. Have had no auiher tic 

?.ccourit cf him. 

Age Enrolled. 

Residence when 

14 HOMER S CASE. 34 ■• 22 Hector. N Y 

He was one of the reliable men of Company I, and appointed 4th 
Sergeant at its organization He was sick and dropped out on the 
march near Gaskins Mills, Va , November 7, 1862, and was never 
heard frem afterward. Supposed to have died by the wayside 

15 MILTON T. TYRRELL. 12 ■22 Caton. N. Y. 

16 NATHAN WOOD. 24 " 22 Cat»n, ' 

17 CHARLES L. PERRY. i3 -23 Hector. '■ 

Private — Died at Elmira N. Y . March 2^. 1S62. of erysipelas. 

18 WILLIAM VAN HOUTON, 22 • 23 Hector • 

Private — Died of typhoid fever at Hatteras Island. N C. hos- 
pital, July 30th, 1862, and was buried there. 



Private — Discharged at Washington, D. 
. 1862. Residence unknown 









Private — Died at Hatteras Island N.C.June 25. 1862 of typhoid 
fe\er and was buned there 

30 JOHN ATHAN N. FLETCHER 20 -zq Hector N 

Discharged at Philadelphia. Pa Feb 23. 1863. fur disability, 
Bresvster. Kansas 



Hector, " 



Hector, ' 


D. D . 

October -25th. 





25 ' 




Elmira. ' 



Wellsburg, •' 



Welisburg. '• 

iS Jan 


Wellsburg N. Y 








N Y 


C . Dec 5 1862 

Hector, N. Y 

31 HARRY L STILWELL 21 •• '• 

32 WILLIAM S SWICK 19 •• ■• 

Private. — Was di'-cl;.'irt;ed at Washington. D. 

33 GEORGE L WHEELi:k i3 •• • 

Prtiv.vTE. — Tran, furred to Invalid Corps — no date given in re- 
cords at hand He has for many years been identitied with the 
, py.i:e fjrce I't Wa-^biij-iop.. D C Hi.. he;ilth has faiit;d and he 
is cow retire', and pen-iuned .i:, a Uttcciise of same He resides 
at Hiniun, M^l 

34 RICHARD W CHKISTLKR 21 •• 3, Hector. N Y 

Residence when 
Age. Enrolled. Enrolled. 

Private. — Killed in battle on James Island S. C, July 2, IS64. 

35 FRANK SMITH. iS " ■ Watkins, N.Y. 

Sergeant. — Reenlisted at Folly Island, S. C at the expiration 
of two years service. Served till the battalion was mustered out at 
City Point. Dec. 7. 1S65 He has since died. 

36 GEORGE W. JACKSON, iS Feb. i Hector. NY. 

Private — Discharged at Washington, D. C, Oct. 31, 1862. 
Residence unknown. 
j7 AARON C. BRYANT, 20 Feb. Romulus. N. Y. 

Priv.\te — Served 3 years and "as mustered out with the re- 
Eiment, March 17. 1S65. Letters addressed to him at Farmerville, 
N. Y , have evidently reached him 'til later years Have heard he 
was dead but have never been able to receive any communication 
from him. 
j5D\.NIELC DEAN, 24 Feb 3 Romulus, N Y 

Private. — Discharged at Washington, D. C, Oct 31, 1862. 
Residence unknown. 

39 MOSES L DEAN, 24 Feb 3 Hector, N. Y. 

Corporal — Discharged at Washington. D. C. May, 5, 1862. 
Was sent to the hospital at Annapolis, Md Has lived at Rom- 
ulus. N. Y., out last letters have been returned unclaimed. 

40 JOHN ELLIS, ,21 Feb 3 Hector. N. Y. 

Private. — Discharged with regiment in March 1865. Re- 
sides at Reynoldsville, N Y. 
4t LORENZO S. PERRY 20 Feb. 3 Hector. N Y. 

Private — Died at Washington, D. C Oct. 28. 1S62 

43 N.\THAN W YODER 23 Feb 3 Romulus. N Y. 

Private — Discharged at Washington D C , Dec 4, 1862. He 

resides at Hoyt's Corners, Seneca Co., N Y . and writes that he 
is aimostblind 

4J HARLAN P. KIMBALL, 17 Feb 6 Osceola, Pa. 

44 ANDREW J. LEONARD, 27 " 8 Hector, N. Y. 

Private — ^Dischayged at Washington D. C April, 22, 1S63. 
Lives at Reynoldsville. N Y 

45 lOHN WILSON CURTIS. 21 Feb, 8 Croton Corners. N.Y 

Private— Supposed to ha\e died in rebel prison at Saulsbury, 
N C He was captured by Mosby's men in the Shenandoah Val- 
ley Va. in the autumn of 1S54 while out with his team, 
40 THADDEL'S C MILLER, 32 Feb 8 Hector, " 

Private — I have no record of the date of his discharge for disa- 
bility He was probably left at .\rmory Square Hospital, Wash- 
'nj^tn. D C, September, I^02 He died a tew years after the 
close of the war 
♦ 7 HENRY D. VANGORDER. 18 Feb S Croton Corners, ' 

■' ' M>)r.r ;f!/ ;; 

" 'J 

i8 Feb lo 


N. C , of typh( 

Did fc 

k-er. May 14, 

iS Feb lo 


iS Feb lo 


42 Feb 10 


berne, N C , 


26, iS52, as 

Residence when 
Age. Enrolled. Enrolled. 

Priv.^te — Discharged at Washington, D C, December 22, 1862. 
Residence unknown. 


Private — Died at Newberne. 
1862, and was buried there. 




Private —Discharged at Newberne, N 
being too old to perform the duties of a soldier. He gave his age 
at enlistment as forty-tuo, but afterward acknowledged it to be 
sixty- two. 

52 JAMES S VALENTINE, 18 Feb lo Wellsburg, 

Private — Died at Washington, D C , February 10. 1863 

53 JOHN A CAREY, 32 Feb 11 Chemung. 

Sergeant — Discharged at Washington. D. C , May 19. 1S62. 
Was sent back fron Annapolis, Md. Residence noi known. 

54 DELAND HALL. ib Feb 11 Hector. ■ 

Private —Was prostrated by a bolt of lightning at Evans' Mills, 
N. C. May 15, 1S62, and was an invalid thereaf er. He was 
transferred to the Veteran Reserve Corps. September nth. 1S63. 
.■ Dead. 




Private — Discharged at Convalescent Camp, Va , December 
27th, 1S62. Resides at Bi^ Pond. Bradford Count\, Pa 
59 GEORGE F DUDLEY. 21 Feb 14. Elmira, N. Y. 

6j CLARK H. STAGE, ig •• •■ Wellsburg, N Y 

Private — Re enlisted at the expiration of two vears service at 
Foil) Island S C , Jan. 15. 1664. Returned home with battalion 
in L'ec. 1865 Deceased 
6r EDG.\R F TYRRELL. 20 Feb 15. Chemung, N. Y. 

Private — Discharge i at E'.mlra. N Y . Jan 13 1S64 De- 
hz HEivMAN H. WAGER. 19 Feb. 17, Hector, N. Y 

pRiv, IE— Vv'as p. i.v,one.i at Annapolis, Md.. and was sect back 
from St-.-aiiit-r Errtcson when tf.e regiment was embarking, but 
di-'l !>•(..'!•« reichiti-.: s--.r,re tlse ?3.p.i d.iv March .-7. 1S62 
6.< J(..i;N i;i:AI> :i v.,;,, ,s, Hector. N Y. 

!>Riv.^rE — Ki:;.:.l .-1 i.-;:-,;, a; \.x-u^, l ■ i-id. S C . July 2nJ.:SD4. 
?.hoi thr.)i;'.:ii the head by c.nntster from masked b.-tttery. 
>U WH•^!•1.F:: M. IlDDY, i^ ivb. 19, Watktns. N Y. 


Feb II 

Hector. ' 


F"eb II 

Osceola, Pa 


Feb 12 

- Hector, N Y 


Feo 12 

Wellsburg. " 

Age. Date. when enrolled. 

Private — Died at Hatteras Island, N. C August 15th, 1S62, of 
t) phoid fever. 

05 ISAAC T. GERMAN, 22 Feb. 19. Hector. N Y. 

66 JACOB STAGE, 24 ■* •* Wellsburg. N.Y 

Private— Discharged at Washington, D. COct. gth. 1S62. 
His residence has been Elmira. X. Y., but he has moved and has 
not given his address. 

67 GEORGE W. BENNETT, 21 Feb 24, Hector, N. Y. 

Private — Served two years then re-enlisted as veteran at Foily 
Island, S C , for three years more Died in Owego, N. Y , about 
tK^ HENRY C. DUNHAM, 18 Feb. 24, Hector. N. Y. 

Private — Served three years. His residence is Catherine, 
N Y 
t^ GEORGE J. SAMPSON, 19 Feb. 24. Hector, N. Y. 

Private— Discharged at Washington, D C. Dec. 9, 1S62. He 
lives at Binghamton, N. Y. 

70 J.»lMES WARD 22 Feb. 24, Elmira, N. Y. 

Private — Discharged at Washington. D C, Oct. 31, 1S62. 
Resides at Big Poad. Bradford County, Pennsylvania. 

71 JAMES W BURNHAM, 24 Feb. 26, Elmira, N.Y. 

Private — Discharged Jan 15, 1S64 and re enlisted the san:ie 
day as a veteran Finally mustered out with battalion at City 
Point Va. Dec 7, 1.^65. Resides at Elmira, N. Y. 
:; THOMAS S SMITH. 20 Mar. 3, Elmira N. Y. 

:.! BENJAMIN DENNISON. 19 " 4. Dundee, N. Y. 

Private — Discharged .March 11, 1S63. Resides at Geneva, 
N Y 

74 EMANUEL HARPENDING, 21 Mar. 4 Dundee, N. Y. 

75 JOHN E. AMES. 25 " 5, 

Private— Died at Hatteras Island. N. C , August 30, 1^62 of 
consesiive fe\er and was buried there 
-•^ CHARLES CONKLIN, iS Mar. 6, Dundee. N. Y. 

Private — Is marked on company roll as a deserter .\ugust i8th 
:SC2. Nothing further is known of him 
-7 EDWARD A DENNISON, 23 Mar. 6, Dundee. NY. 

Private — Discharged December 9. iS62,at Convalescent Camp, 
Va . Residence, Geneva, N, Y. 
7-' JAMES L MILLARD. 32 Mar 6, Elrair* N. Y. 

Co!-i'OR AL- Disch.irged at Washington, D C Oct. y, 1862 
I\'?-ii V.nce unkiio\\n. 
" f i'.WllJ N P.ADDulK 21 Mar. 6, Dundee, N Y. 

Pi;iVAT«i — Is marked on the company roll as a deserter Jan. i. 
i86j. Nothing further is known of him, 


Age. Date. when enrolled. 

80 IS.\.\C N STORM, 22 Mar. 7. Elraira. N. Y 

Private— Discharged at Newberne N. C. May 26, 1S62. Res- 
idence not known 

81 ALBERT S. HOVEY. 18 Mar 8. Watkins, N.Y. 

. Private— Discharged at Washington, DC, Oct, 25th, 1S62. 
Residence unknown. 

82 REUBEN D. W. SMTH, 21 Mar 8, Caroline Depot, N Y 

Private— Discharged at Washington. D. C, Oct. i6th, 1862. 
Lived at Elmira, N Y. Deceased. 

83 GARDNER C. HIBB.\RD, iS Mar. 10, Watkins, N.Y. 

84 \VILLL\M KRESS, 41 ■• •• 

Corporal— Discharged at Newberne, N. C . May 26, 1S62 De- 

85 JOHN P JOHNSON, 25 Mar. 12, Hector, N Y, 

Wagoner— Died at Newberne, N. C, June 4. 1862, of typhoid 


86 JAMES MrLLIM,\N, 23 Mar. 12, Watkins N\ 

Private— Discharged at Washington. D C , March 17. 1863 

87 JOSEPH WADE 27 March 12, Elmira, N Y 

88 WILLI.\M L DUDLEY. 23 " 14. 

89 DANIEL \V C.\REY, 22 " 15 Chemung, 

90 ORRIN R WHITNEY, iS - 16 Watkins 

91 JAMES C LORMER. 21 '• 17. Elmira, 

92 GEORGE L OSTR.\NDER. 22 •' 21, 


Recruits were added to the company as follows: 

1 PETER GENSEN, 21 Dec 8, iS62" New York. 

2 HENRY H. FRITZ, 38 " i5. 1S62 

Died at Beaufort. S C , October 6, 1S63. of diarrhoea. 

3 MICHAEL POWER, 2S ■• 17. 1S62 

Committed suicide October 28. 1S63, at Folly Island, S C , by 
shootio;^ himself with his musket 

4 PAT RICK McC.XNN, 27 Nov 10 1861 

Transferred from Company H, January ist, 1S63 Have no 
record of his dischartje 

5 JOSEPH MARS, ^S Sep i3, 1863 

Discharged at Fredericksburg. Va. Jn.nuary 27. 1S63. 
u LINEU3 BOLSICN, 21 Nov 20. i.soi 

Transferred from Company G January i. ii)uj Served till ihrce 
ve^r men went home March 12 1865. 



* Residence when 

Age. Enrolled. Enrolled. 

7 NARCISSE FOIL, 19 Dec. 11. 1S61 New York. 

Transferred from Company A January i, 1863. Killed in battle 
on James Island, S C , July 2. 1863, by a shot through right 
breast after his re enlistment. 

Transferred from Company A January i, 1863 Have no record 
of discbarge 
9 WILLIAM JOHN 43 Aug 20 1862 " 

Transferred from Company — . Discharged June 19. 1864. on 
account of being commissioned 2d Lieutenant, but was not mus- 
10 RUDOLPH BRUEMEL. ^5 Dec 24, 1862 

Discharged March 30, 1S64. at Folly Island, S. C. 
n JOHN STAUB Nov 5, 1862 

Discharged January 27, 1863. 

12 ABRAH\M RICS, 25 Dec 31. 1S62 

Have no record of discharge 

13 H.\NS NIELSEN 40 Dec 23 1S62 

Committed suicide July 23 1664 at Folly Island, S. C, by shoot- 
ing himself with his musket in a little copse near camp. 

14 NIELS J S KOPSTRUP, 42 Dec 16, 1862 

Have no record of discharge 

15 CHARLES SCHNEITZER. Jan 3. 1863, 

Have no record of Hs discharge. 

Died at Folly Island S C . Ocober zS. 1863. 

Have no record of his discharge. 
15 HENRY EILS Dec 22 1862 

Promoted to Corporal. Served till muser out of the regiment 
December 7. 1S65 at City Point. Va 
19 WILLIAM HOFFMAN. 26 Dec 30. 1S62 

Served till muster out of regiment at City Point. December 7, 
-10 FRANZ THORN, Dec 7, 1S62 

DRt,.MMER— Served till the regiment was mustered out at City 
Point, December 7, 1S65 
->i JOHN CARCORAN. Dec 7. 1862 

i^Hiv.\TK — No record of his discharge. 
-2 CAfa. SCHREVER, Jan 2S 1S63 " 

No farther record. 
23 CHARLES M.CAREY 14 Feb 4. 1964 



Company I Holds an Election. 

In obedience to Special Order Xo. 542, Depot of Volun- 
teers, State of New York, dated New York, March 12, 
1862, Captain Crosby held an election in his company on 
Friday, March 14-, 1862, which resulted in the unanimous 
choice of William M. Crosbv for captain : of George T. 
Dudley for 1st Lieutenant; and of William L. Dudley for 
2d Lieutenant. The enlisted men of the company at that 
time numbered 83. To conijjlete the organization of the 
compan\' the following were appointed bv the Captain as 
non-commissioned officers: 

Simeon E. L. Wilbur, 1st Sergeant. 
DeWitt C. Wilbur, 2d Sergeant. 
Henry Magee, 3d Sergeant. 
Homer S. Case, ^th Sergeant. 
John A. Carey, 3th Sergeant. 
Oryille S. Kimball, 1st Corj)oral. 
Horace H. Bolt, 2d Corporal. 
Henry O. Wili)ur, 3d Corporal. 
William Kress, 4-th Corporal. 
James H. Stoughton, 3th Corporal. 
Moses L. L.*ean, 6th Corjioral. 
Isaac T. German. 7th C<.>r[)oral. 
Daniel J. LaDue. 8th Corporal. 
Milton T. Tyrrell. 1st Musician. 
Daniel W. Carey, 2d Musician. 
John P.Johnson, Wagoner. 

Lieut. Dudley Presented With a Sword. 

Gn March 13 the Ik^vs ot the C()nn)any ]jresenLed 1st Dudley with a sword. Sergeant John A. 

Carey MirMie li.i- ]'rt---ci;i.i u< mi -pccrii on I ehalf of the coni- 
[)an;/, to which the LicKcnant seciingiv iind eloquently 

?. f ■ n wr^rno'j 

Company I Ordered to Washington. 

On March 21, 1S62, in obedience to orders from Regi- 
mental Headquarters and also Special Order from 
Thomas Hillhouse, Adjutant General, State of New York, 
Captain Crosby with Company I, numbering (officers and 
men) 93, took the 6.30 afternoon train of the Pennsylva- 
nia Central Railway for Washington, D. C, via Harris- 
burg, Pa., arriving at Baltimore, Md., about 9 o'clock, 
a. ra,, next dav. After visiting Fort McHenry as a com- 
jjany again boarded the cars, arriving at the Nation's 
capital at 6 o'clock. The next da}- (Sunday ) was spent 
in the citv, and on Monday the nine other companies of 
the 103d Reiiiment marched to the cit\ to receive Com- 
pany I and escorted it to their camp at Aleridian Hill. 
One day onlv was spent in this cam]"), supplying the men 
with camp and garrison equipjDage, arms, accoutrements, 
etc., and on Tuesday, Alarch 25th, miirched to the rail- 
'vvay station. On the way we were halted at the resi- 
dence of Secretary of State, William H. Seward, whose 
name the regiment bore, who addressed us, presenting 
tlie regiment with a beautiful battle fl^ig; also a State 
tlag. At dark we left Washington for Annapolis, Md., 
arriving there on the morning of March 26th, and were 
assigned quarters in the mess hall of the United States 
navy sciiool, awaiting transportation. On the 27th we 
^v<rro taken on board a small vessel and transferred to 
•he large ocean steamer Cricson, Iving three miles down 
f-'if bav. Our course was out into the Atlantic ocean and 
""uih, dropping anchor off Hatteras Inlet, X.C. A small 
^rt'.'imtT, Ocean Wave, transferred us to the sands of the 
■^hore. This ocean trip was a new ex])erience to our com- 
;• my boys, and we had a verv un[iloasant introduction 
'<» ^e.a-sickness, which most of us undoubtedly still re- 
'nt!niber. The same day we went on board another river 
steamer. Ocean Queen, a very pleasant boat with com- 


j^ b^>;«>t^i(> ! vr 

,!.,-... ( / 

■ ' ; ,; 

fortable quarters, and on April 1st steamed up the Ncuse 
river to Newberne, Xorth Carolina. This place having 
been taken from the enemv only a short time previous 
was really on the outposts of the army, ami here we were 
introduced to a soldier's life, a soldier's fare, and soldier's 
duty in every sense of that term, and this without 
scarcely any drill or training. Our camp was pitched in 
a field opposite Xewberne, between the railroad and the 
Trent river. In addition to the camp guard and drill, 
outpost picket duty, and scouting parties of 100 to 150 
men were ordered. Colonel Egloffstein was very ire- 
quently on some of these exj^editions with varied success. 
During these raids from April 7th to Mav 27th, 1862, it 
is recorded that there were killed four men, wounded 
three officers and six men. On Mav 27th Colonel Egloff- 
stein was severely wounded by a shot in the leg, which 
resulted in amputation. He went to the hospital at New- 
berne for treatment, but was some time after sent North 
and never again returned to the regiment. 

On the 13th day of May, 1S62, Companv "1" was or- 
dered on outpost picket duty. Captain Crosbv being sick 
in camp tlie command devolved on 1st Lieut. George T. 
Dudley, whose record here follows: 

On Thursday, May 13th, 1S62. I vvas del ailed as officer 
of the guard, but atter guard mount an order was 
received from General Na-jjle, commanding our brigade. 
for company 'T" to relieve Capt. Bender of our regiment, 
who was on picket duty at Evans Mills, about six or 
cigiit TniK.< fr<^ui Nowi)crnc I hnd an entrv in mv diarv 
May loth, "Capt. Crosby is still sick." I had been in 
command of the company several davs on account of his 
sickness, and as he was still under care of the regimental 
snrgr. >i) he was to remain iji eriinp. I rc] orttd toGcn.Naelc 
ffjr ordci--. ;ni(l after (iiiii^er. with sixiy-niTic men, took uj) 
the line of marcli across the railroad bridge for our desti- 
nation, .-ind atier a hot and du<iy inarch reached there 



about six o'clock p. m. Second Lieut. William L. Dudley 
had returned to New York to be mustered into the ser- 
vice, as Maj. A. T. Lee, mustering officer at Elmira, had 
refused to muster him before leaving there. This will ex- 
plain why I was the only commissioned officer on duty 
with our company at the time, With Orderly Sergeant 
Wilbur, I took up my quarters in a shed near the bridge 
crossing the race, on the banks of a large sycamore 
^wamp, the water of which was black, brackish and full 
of malaria. Manv of us learned this to our sorrow, as 
the hospital records of Hatteras Island show. The boys 
found shelter in an unfinished frame building which was 
evidentlv meant for a storehouse. The mill was a one 
story shed building with two or three run of stone for 
grinding corn, and. I think, wheat. In our front was a 
ditch about four to six feet deep and ten or twelve feet 
wide running from the swamp on our left to the swamp 
and race on our right. The swamp on our left extended 
nearly to the river some miles away and that on our 
right some miles to our right through dense woods com- 
pletely protecting our right and left flanks. Our front 
was protected by the deep ditch crossed by a narrow 
bridge. The approach in front was down a long lane 
about one-fourth of a mile, separated from a large cotton 
field by a high rail fence. At the end of the lane were 
located the slaves' quarters, now unoccupied. Here the 
road turned sharp to the right, running into Onslow 
county. Down this road about half a mile a small bridge 
crossed a narrow stream running from the swamps on 
either side cf the road. This bridge was an outpost. 
Capt. Bender's men had taken up the planks of the bridge 
and built a barricade so that a few men could keep a 
l.'trgc force at ba\' long enough for the main force at 
the mill to prepare for an attack. Leaving a sergeant I 
t-Hink with three or six men at this post, I posted another 
^>t three men at the turn ia the road, giving instructions 


. . ■->: :ii, - ■ I, 

that if th-jy heard the report of two guns on the outposts 
to tire two shots, \v£iit for the outpost pickets to come 
up and witii them fall back to the mill. Across the bridge 
at the mill we placed, crosswise, a large logging wagon 
with itiun.tise wheels, and then built breastworks breast 
higir by placing hewn logs or timbers on top of each 
other, i :;ow felt able to repulse any force of cavalry 
that wouLl be likelv to attack us — viz: the two regiments 
of X. C. ca\-.-ilry, the only force known to be in our front. 
I had Just returned from our outposts, when Capt. Ben- 
der dro\ .' jp to my c[uarters and reported that theguard 
at the house situated in our rear, about three-fourths of 
:i mile, failed to halt him. 1 at once visited the j^uard 
who stated ihat he cried "halt" three times before the 
Captain would stop and then not until he hwd cocked 
his piece a!id was about to tire, and that he called so loud 
he awakened the relief who were sleejjing in the house. 
The Caj>tain was intoxicated and I ordered him hack to 
Xewbenie. telling him I w(nild arrest him if he came there 
again ill tiie night-time. The next day (the 14th) the 
2n(l Marylaiifl regiment came out from Xewberne on a 
scouting ex[)edition. The rain had fallen all dav and 
they looked like drowned rats. About midnight we 
heard a ^hot trom the picket at the negro Cjuarters, and 
within f;\e minutes compan_\ "I" was in line prepared to 
defend iIk- camj) to the bitter end. Some of the bovs 
were baieiooted, stunc without coats, some withoutcaps, 
and one or two, I think, were so anxious to win crlorv 
a!id undying iauie tliat in their haste thev f()r<>ot their 
cartrid':<' 1)On. But to their credit be it said thev were all 
there, every man of tlu ui. ready to do their lull dutv and 
if necessary lay d(.wntiicir !i.ves in defense ot' "old giorv." 
Ilearin- no farther alarm, with Orderly Scrgt. '\Vilbur. I 
visiteci the [.ucket and learned th;it Private Ivddv thought 
he saw someone coniing out (jf the woods, called "halt," 
and then lired at him. Tlie "somebodv" proved to be a 

' ,'- :.» L; ■ , i ».> 

pig. which was seen the next dav rui.ning wild in the 
woods. The night was verv dark, and wiihthe rain fall- 
ing incessantly the tramp to the picket post was most 
iiii{)Ieasant. Sergeant Teneyck. who was in charge at the 
mill, gave the boys corn meal and many of them tried 
iheir skill in making hoecake. Some of these, under the 
circumstances, were prettv good. 

.\bojt noon some of our cavalry went to the front to 
1 jok after the 2nd Maryland Regiment which had got in 
.1 bad fix by the rebels getting in their rear, and about 7 
o'clock, p. ra. one of Gen. Reno's staff with an escort re- 
turned to Xewberne for reinforcements. During the 
night we had one of the most terrible thunder and rain 
storms I have ever witnessed. The night was intensely 
• lark and at intervals the rain feil in torrents. The 
lliunder was louder thanheavy artillery, with now and 
then a sharp report as though the skv had fallen, while 
the lightning seemed an almost continuous flash. Pri- 
vate Deland Hall was on guard on the bridge over the and flume bv the dam, and about midnio^ht, follow- 
liigan unusually sharp peal of thunder, and bright flash 
«'i lightning we heard the report of his gun. Rushing to 
tile door of my shanty I heard him shriek, and calling to 
''rtlcrly Sergeant Wilbur, who had quarters with me, I 
fushcd to the bridge to find Hall on his back, his hands 
tightly clasped and insensible. We carried him to mv 
'iU'irters and laid him on the floor. An examination 
-Uowed that he still breathed, and moreover, we could 
-nd no signs of injury. Xot knowing what else to do, I 
■' >d his shoes and stockiniis removed and we beijan rub- 
'^-i:.: uis teet and pouring water on his head, chest, 
'■•:'l wrists. In al^out half an hour we had the pleasure 
: -'.'ving nun oik'u his eves, fie could onlv rcmetnber 
^■•''t he his gun at "secure arms," covered with his 
"''')b_'r I)kinket when a flash of lightning blinded him.dis- 
viiflrged his o;un and knockc'l him down. He seemed to 

be uninjured at the time but his SA'stem was injured, as 
he was pale and rather delicate ever afterward. The 
next day the water was so high that the wheels of the 
mill were flooded. About 5 o'clock, a. m., the 21st 
Mass. regiment and the rest of the 3rd X. Y. cavalry 
under command of Gen. Reno, came out to help the 2nd 
Md., but returned a few hours later, having met them 
coming in. The stragglers kept coming in all day. and 
as they reported that the 2nd Reg't. North Carolina cav- 
alry had followed them to within a short distance of my 
outpost pickets, I feared an attack that night, so I kept 
about thirty-five of them with me. However the night 
passed quietly. Knowing that daylio^ht would be time 
for an attack, I sent Sergeant Homer S. Case with two 
men out as a patrol. They went out about five miles 
through the pines and returned without seeing any 
rebels. During the forenoon Gen. Ferro of the 51st N. Y. 
Vols, came out to see how things were going and told 
me that there should be a large force there and that he 
would send out two companies the next day and relieve 
me. Quartermaster Hall from headquarters came out 
and wanted me to build a bridge across the creek below 
the mill so that troops could be crossed without fording 
and that he would send me a team to draw the timbers 
also axes for the men. The next morning we commenced 
work on the bridge and about nine o'clock two compan- 
ies of the 11th Reg't. Conn. Vols, came out and relieved 
us. I took our hoys to the house for quarters and con- 
tinued our work on the l>ridge whicli we finished the next 
day about nine o'elc^ck aided by a demijohn of good com- 
missary which n. M. Hall sent out as extra pav. Soon 
after finishing it Lieut. P.lake of Companv D, who had 
been .'i;)[)oii5'LC(l ai(l-iiccani[) u\\ tlic ^laif of Gen. Xagle 
came out \\ iih a oiMpaiiy oi cavah-v and t\\cnt\ ba'^- 
gage wagons for a foraging expedition. He and the 
other ofiicers com[)li:nented the bridge and the bovs for 


v.. . i::i ■.. : ■" iV. : r' 


their work. We returned to Xewberne in the afternoon 
in time to receive our pay. The same day we received 
orders to go to Hatteras Island and the next day, May 
22nd companies I. E and K of the 10th regiment board- 
ed the steamer "Massa-;oit" and about seven o'clock p. 
ni., landed on the sands of Hatteras Island. After a 
night spent at the inlet, Company I marched to Camp 
Winfield and relieved the -iSth Reg't. Pa. Vols. Here we 
were to occupy the forts, guard the government prop- 
erty on the island and prevent the rebels from sending a 
force from the mainland opposite the upper end of the 
island to seize the forts and prevent our vessels from 
crossing the bar into the sound and river. This port was 
of great value to the Union cause, for bv using Xewberne 
as a base, an inv^idins: armv could flank Wilmington, 
and by opening that seaport the way would be open for 
an invading army to strike Charleston, S. C. in the rear. 
Looking on the field at this day it seems to me that 
when Gen. Burnside took Xewberne in April 1862,^ our 
government to concentrate a large force at that point 
might thereby force the Confederates to weaken Gen. 
Lje's army in front of Richmond. To some extent this 
was the case. We found quarters in the hospital build- 
ings, then nearly deserted as the four companies of the 
i-Sth Regiment which we relieved had become acclimated 
and had but few sick men. Companies E and K were as- 
signed to duty in the forts at the Inlet, Capt. Rommel 
ot Company K being in command of the Post. Com- 
pany I was assigned to outpost duty at Camp Winfield, 
about three miles up the island. At eight o'clock next 
morning we took up the line of march through the hot 
sand, and as the sun was very hot, the sand deep and 
ihe boys loaded with kna['sacks filled to repletion, a 
musket and forty rtninds of ammunition, our proj^ress 
was slow. The head of the column reached Camp Win- 
held about ten o'clock while the rear end came in about 

-iii. :■ .;/ :^o'v ^,o;^ 

noon. I doubt if company I was ever a longer company 
than on that march, beins: over two miles lonsf. Imme- 
diately Orderly Sergeant Wilbur with a detail of two cor- 
porals and seventeen men was sent to the Cape Hatteras 
Light House, 'some ten miles farther up the island to relieve 
the members of the 4-Sch Pa.Regton duty there. The next 
day I rode up to the light house in a government wagon 
and found matters in good shape. Men were ensfJ^ored 
putting in a new lantern, the old one having been stolen 
by the rebels after Gen. Burnside had captured the post 
at the inlet. The tower stands 160 feet high, an octagon 
in shape, each side eight (8) feet at its base. 
The assent is made by about 132 steps or stairs inside. 
It was built about the year 1800. The stolen lanterns 
were worth fifteen thousand dollars and the new ones 
twelve thousand dollars. The guard took quarters in 
the keeper's house, which was then unoccupied, and with 
the soft side of the floor for a bed were prettv well situ- 
ated. The guard duty at the light house was merelv 
nominal, not at all fatiguing with good quarters and 
fairly good rations the men enjoyed this station. But 
notwithstanding this the sands of Hatteras Island, the 
want of good water, the intense hot weather were not 
conducive to the goovl health of the bovs of Companv I. 
Seven of the company died viz: 

Private Oliver H. P. Babcock, June 25, 1862. 
William Van Houton, July 30, 1862. 

2ud Lieut. William L. Dudley, .Vugust 5, 1862. 

Private Isaac \. Secly. .\ugnst 11. 1862. 

1st Sergeant Simeon Iv L. Will)ur, .\ugust 11, 1862. 

Private Wheeler M. Eiidy. .August 15, 1862. 
John L. Ames, August 30, 1862. 

?vlanv others were sick, among them 1st Lieut. Geo. T. 
I-hulley, who weiit lu the hosj)ita] June Gth iind never re- 
joined the company again for dutv. 

24 a 

September 5th, 1862, the three companies of the 103d 
Ke:^iment on Hatteras Island were relieved and ordered 
la join the retrinient, then near Washington, D. C. Cotn- 
j^any "I" was relieved by company M, 3rd Regiment N.Y. 

Artillery, Capt. James White commanding, and next day 
we went on boat on Albermarle sound and steamed 
northward. Our route was up Pamlico sound, touching 
at Roanoke Island for two hours, on through the Ship 
Canal to Norfolk, Va.. and Fortress Monroe, where we 
arrived September 9th. There was a heavy storm at sea, 
the water being very rough, and here we lay till Thurs- 
tlay. the 11th, then started out, but had gone only about 
ci:,'ht miles when the Captain of the small steamer put 
aiH)ut and went back into the harbor. The next dav, 
however, we started again, steamed up the Potomac, 
arriving at Alexandria, Va.. on the 13th. where we land- 
<u; but on learning that the 103rd Regt. had gone on 
liirough Washington, we steamed to the capitol citv 
■^hat night, only to find our regiment was two days 
inarch up the Potomac river. On the 14th we landed and 
lo'.nid quarters close by in an empty barn (at 6th Street, 
'■-ast.) while waiting for our stores and further orders. 
'■>n September 16th Capt. Crosby placed (21) twenty-one 
'•ick men in Armory Square Hospital on 7th Street and 
^!ie next day three more in the same hospital. Here we 
^'J.'uic requision and received some clothing; also camp 
•^!ui garrison etpiippage, &c. Here only nineteen men of 
^"!!)j)any I could be mustered for blank cartridge drill— 

' i-»t. 19th— only six months since leaving Elmira. Here 
J -I've three companies lay awaiting orders till Sept. 28th. 
•■■' tnc meantime all surjjlus baggage, arms. &c., were 
*'-Jri:e<l in and the men made ready for marching. On the 
•'Uu ot September we joined the regiment in camp at 
'^5itictam Creek, Md.. near the battle field of the 17th 

■'•J::rcliing orders came soon, and Oct. 7th. 1862, we 


broke camp and marched to Pleasant Valley, about five 
miles north of Harpers Ferry. This march was a hard one, 
and when the regiment came to a halt and went into camp 
there were only eight muskets to stack in company I's 
line, the other companies being no better. The only non- 
commissioned officer was a corporal. It was a beautiful 
country and a ])leasant camp. On October 28 began our 
long march from Pleasant Valley, Md., to Fredericks- 
burg, Va. That day we came to the Potomac river near 
Knoxville; thence down the river to Berlin, where we 
crossed on a pontoon bridge, on through Lovettsville. 
Va., camping in a hickory grove. After one day in camp 
we marched about eight miles to Katoctin Creek, where 
we were mustered for pay. We were brigaded with the 
89th Regt. N.Y.A'ols., the 9th Regt. X. Y. Vols. ( Hawkins 
Zouaves,) and the 10th Regt. X. H. Vols., with Col. Rush 
Hawkins of the 9th Regt. as brigade commander, 1st 
Brigade, 3rd Division, 9th Army Corps. Marched again 
Xo\ ember 2nd. hearing cannonadiiig in the distance 
ahead. After an all day hard march we encamped on the 
field of the tight, the artillery having driven the eneniv 
from their position. The next day we crossed Goose 
Creek and took the pike leading through Ashly's Gap of 
the Blue Ridge mountains. All along this march the ad- 
vance guard were almost constantlv engaged with the 
enemy. On Thursday, Xovember 4th, while campini: 
near Upperville. Va., Lieut. Col. Kreichmar of our regi 
ment, hoving been absent sick some time came to the 
regiment to say good bye, having resigned. On Xovem- 
ber 5th in our march we crossed the Alexandria. Orange- 
and Manassas (rap Railroad near the villnee of Rector- 
town, Va. and encamped for the night in a tjrove near 
Salem. \'a. 

On the tith our Tuarch was disputed })v thceneinv am: 
the lO.'id Regiment was on the skirmish line. The sever- 
ity of the conliinious marching caused blistered feet, ar.d 

Captain Crosbv and some of the menm arched with their 
feet sewed up in rags instead of shoes. The next iia\' the 
snow on the ground made it even worse, and we camped 
that night one nnle east of Gaskins' Mills, where we 
rested a few days. This camp went by the name of 
"Camp Starvation," foi the reason we did not get ra- 
tions of anv amount tor about five days, the capture ot a 
supply train being given as the reason. While at this 
camp, Captain Crosby w-as detailed by General Gett\' 
(division commander,) as Provost Marshal of 3d Divis- 
ion, 9th Army Cor{)s, and on November 14th took with 
him Company I (22 duty men) leaving live sick men with 
Company E of our regiment. We took quarters on the 
right of the Brigade with the provost guard. Marching 
again on the loth we encountered the rebels at Lawson's 
Ford or Sulphur Springs, near Fayetteville, Va. After a 
sharp skirmish and some artillery firing they left our way 
undisputed and we went into camp near the place, only to 
start out again the tiext morning at daybreak, passed by 
Bealton Station and encamped about two and a half 
miles south of Warrenton Junction. The march from 
here was to Hart wood, to Falmouth and Fredericksburg, 
Va., cam])ing near the river opposite the city. 

The march from Antietam Creek, Md., was a hard one, 
and all the more so to Company I, as we had not been 
used to continuous marching. Many of our boys were 
footsore and almost tired out, others had given out and 
were sent away to hospitals. Our shelter tents that we 
received for the first time at Pleasant \'allev, Md., we 
iound almost indispensable, as we could not keep the 
larger ones with us. These were carried in our knapsacks, 
each man supposed to have but one piece, four pieces 
niaking a closed tcni. Two pieces v>-cre used for the two 
eruu. all buttoned together. Imiut soldiers occupied one 
U'ut. the space inclosed being fully covered by the tour 
men lying down. Here our provost guard was reorgau- 


t . I , 

ized and reduced in number, from 200 to 50 men, 25 men 
from each brigade. We encamped in a grove in rear o^ 
General Getty's headquarters. Here these two great 
armies lie on opposite sides of the Rapyjahannock river, 
the pickets within talking distance of each other, both 
armies being: larjfelv reinforced and made readv for the 
srreat strusfffle which must soon come. Burnside's armv 
during the long march had become much in need of clo- 
thing and shoes. These were supplied and everything 
place on a footing for active campaining. 

On December 11, 18t)2, the movemetit to cross the river 
was begun with an attenipt on the part of the engineer 
regiments to put down a pontoon bridge, followed by 
a most incessant cannonading of the city from the Union 
batteries, which were ordered to the liver front. 

On the 12th the provost guard, including Company 1, 
marched down to the river, and joining our regiment 
crossed the pontoon bridge into the city. The next day, 
Saturday, about sundown, we marched out in line of bat- 
tle toward the rebel iine near Marves Heights, under a 
heavy fire from the rebel batteries to the railroad, and 
after dark charged the works in our front. It was hot 
work, but our regiment lost in killed, wounded, and miss- 
ing only 25 men. We lay on the held all night and the 
next day till after dark, when we were relieved and 
marched biick to the citv. 

On the 15th, after dark, we recrossed the river on the 
same ])ontoon bridge, iind returned to our camp at Gen- 
eral Getty's heatkpiarters. E'ecember 17 we were re- 
lieved from provost guard duty by a companv of the 21st 
Regiment. Coanecticut Volunteers, and went back to our 

I'iokct duty along tiic Ka]jj)ahann(j(.k river nov.' occu- 
pied our attcniion, and the dutv was exactin"". Inter- 
change of conii)limcnts with the rebel pickets, who were 
stationed on ihe (jj)pohitc bank, occasionallv took place. 

;T(>l! . I ■' i-iV- ::f • •♦^ -!:r. 

' '-c 

the rebels sending over tobacco on a rudely constructed 
float, also Richmond papers, asking us to send in return 
colVce and papers. This was soon after stopped by a 
General Order. 

"Burnside stuck in the mud" was the next campaign 
I Jan. IS, 19. 20, LSG3), but the 103d did not move from 
camp. We lay in camp ready to fall in line at a moment's 
notice, but the impassable condition of the roads ren- 
dered it out of the question and it was abandoned. Feb- 
ruary 5, 1863, the 9th army corps was ordered to pro- 
ceed to Acquia Creek, and from there by boat to Fortress 
Monroe. We started on the 6th by rail, and arriving at 
Fortress Monroe were ordered to proceed to Newport 
News, Va. Here we were assigned barracks fairly com- 
fortable, and the warm Southern sun was such a contrast 
to the bleak hills of Stafford County, Va. February 15th 
Lieutenant George A. Hussy was introduced to the corn- 
puny as our 1st Lieutenant. 

On February 27, 1S63, there were of Company I, pres- 
ent for dutv, 40 men; present sick, 8; absent sick in hos- 
pitals, 10; on detached service. 1. Total, 59; besides 3 
commissioned officers. Of those present there were 23 of 
the original number who left Elmira. Newport News was 
a place of rendezvous, a military post. There was noth- 
ing in particular to do, but guards were maintained and 
the regiment perfected in drill. On Tuesday, March 10. 
- 1 Lieutenant DeWitt C. Wilbur resigned and went home. 
On .\L-irch 12 Major Kingold came to the regiment with 
his commission as Colonel and took command. On 
March 14-th, in obedience to orders, the 103d Regiment 
buardcd thesteamer Charles Rice, cameto Norfolk. Va., and 
from thencebvrail to Suffolk, Va.. on the Nansemond river. 
":Uy die ;U1 l)ivisit)n o{ the 0th army corps nuide this 
'!■■'» vc Suffolk was menaced by a large force of Conleder- 
aie tr(»ops. and our duty there was somewhat arduous — 
i.ving in ritle pits, on picket duty, marching here and 

there, back and forth, standing under arms fearing an at 
tack, and keeping a constant watch on the entire line. 
Skirmishes with the enemy were of almost daily occur- 
rence during the latter part of April. On Sunday, May 
3d, 18G3, the SOth Regiment, New York Volunteers, and 
the 103d Regiment went out on the Providence Church 
road, the 103d deploying as skirmishers on the right ol 
the road to the river, our support being the 25th Regi- 
ment, New Jersey Volunteers. 

We soon drove in the rebel picket line, which fell back 
to their reserves at the edge of the wood to our left, and 
there opened tire on our line. We ran forward to a deep 
ravine, just in our front, and climbing through the tan- 
gled wood and l)rush, gained the opposite bank. Then 
comnienced as warm a skirmish or sharpshooting fight 
as is often the lot of men. In the field in our front were 
many small stumps, and now and then a larger one. Be- 
hind these stumps both sides were partiallv concealed, 
each one picking his tnan and dclil)eratelv firing with as 
much precision as possible. Minie balls whistled uncom- 
tortably close, and any exposure of j)erson v.-as sure to 
draw the fire. The lOod continued to advance, running 
from stuni)) to stump, while the enemv fell back in the 
same way. The fight was thus carried on from morning 
'til afternoon, when a charge was made and the rebels 
driven liack through the woods till we came to a reserve 
line of rifle pits and fortifications and were ordered back. 
Here we were fired into hv a Connecticut re<^nment who 
were sent to relieve us, l)nt who mistook us for rebels. 
We, however, finally made them uiiderstand the situa- 
ti<.^n, were relieved, ami marcherl out ot the immediate 
scene oi' the coruliet. as we were entirely out of ammuni- 
tion. .\tter n-^^iin-j nbonr two iionrs we started in ac^am 
V. 1th sixtv rouiwis ot cartridues nnd was moving alouLi n 
branch road to tlie ri^ht, when a shary) voUcv from the 
breastworks ol ihe enemy compelled us to cover alont: 


.n-?-!.'' • '-.■■. :- :^j:,' ■■■\ini r 

.t!>: ibjJ 

the fence by the road. Colonel Ringold at the time was 
riding at the rear of this regiment, and putting spurs to 
his horse he attempted to reach a brick house still further 
to our right, but fell from his horse, pierced with rebel 
bullets. He was immediately placed on a blanket and 
carried from the field. He died that night. 

Here we lay till after dark, shelled by the rebel batteries 
in our front and as well by the United States Gunboat 
Smith Briggs in the river behind us, whose shells, not 
having proper range, exploded in our midst. After dark 
we were ordered back, and came to our old camp. Not, 
however, till the rebel battery in our front was blown up 
by a shot from our artillery. This battle closed the siege 
ot Suffolk, the whole force of the enemy retreating across 
the Blackwater. In thii day's conflict the 103d sus- 
tained a loss of 20 officers and men. 

On May 10 the regiment marched about 5 miles easter- 
ly towards Portsmouth, Va., and encamped in a grove. 
This we called "Woodtick Camp" on account of the 
abundance of these troublesome pests. They annoved us 
exceedingly. On the loth company I was detached and 
stationed at a battery on the lianks of the Nansemond 
river still farther towards Portsmouth. This we dubbed 
■"Port Crosby" in honor to our captain. Here companv 
I enjoyed being by themselves. While we were in this 
camp Col. William Heine came to the regiment and as- 
^^umed command. On May 27 Company I joined the 
fCLjiment, marched about two miles to the railroad, 
iKoanoke \: Seal)oard). boarded the train, and after 
liding 12 miles marched about 5 miles to a point on the 
ivlizabeth river, near the mouth of the Dismal Swamp 
•-''Uial, three miles from Portsmouth, Va. This was 
•"^'•i'-wii ;is Cam;) (tcuv's Point in honor of Gen. Gettv, 
"ur Division commander. Here we began to build an 
^-'-'irthwork, named Fort honor of the late Col 
'^nigold. The men did light guard duty, (camp guard), 


and heavy fatigue duty on the fort. It was understood 
that this was a part of an inner line of defense around 
Norfolk, Fortress Monroe, &c. After fairlv o-ettin? set- 

, - . .too 

tied in camp and the work on foot well started, we re- 
ceived light marching orders and on Mondav, June 22d, 
marched to Portsmouth, Va., took the steamer "Hero" 
at 7 o'clock A, M. and passing Fortress Monroe, arrived 
at Yorktown about 2 o'clock p. m. Landing, we march- 
ed through the little town and stuck up our shelter tents 
near the tree under which Lord Cornwallis surrendered 
his army to Gen. Washington; also the scene of Gen. Mc- 
Clellan's siege On the 2Gth we a^ain "struck tents." 
boarded the steam transport "Thomas A. Morgan," 
steamed up York river past West Point, and up the 
crooked, sluggish Pamunky river to White House Land- 
ing, where arrived in the afternoon and encamped near 
th^e landing. Capt.Crosbv says in his difiry en this date. 
'•Company I has thirty men in the field, one-fourth of 
them left in camp at Getty's Point." July 1st we broke 
camp and marched up the Pamunky river, touched at 
Lanesville and Jerusalem Church and encamped for the 
night one mile from King William Court House. Again 
up at daylight and on to camp near Brandy wine mIiIs. 
and the next da\ by a hard march through Mechanics- 
ville and Enfieh] to a place called Taylor's farm to en. 
caniT), a very fine plantation. The next morning. Julv 4- 
( 1863 I; the command marched again, leaving the bag- 
gage train, a battery and those unable to march r.t thTs 
place. Of company Ilcft were Sergeant Kimball, Musi- 
cian Carey. Stage. Lils. Biumed and Ko]jstrup. The regi- 
ment and the line marched at 10 o'clock a. m.. encounter- 
ing small bands of rebels on the wav, reached Hanover 
Court House at T. o'cl(;ck p. m. I- roni there ti^e l()3d was 
sent to Hanover Siation .-,nd on the railroad nine (9) 
miles from the Junction as j)Kket guard in thedestruction 
of the niilroad and stores, and returned the next day to 


,1 : 

b u R 

Hanover Court House. The same day the column 
marched back to Taylor's Farm and after a short rest 
started the same evening for White House Landing, 
inarching till nearly morning. After two hours' rest the 
march was resumed till we reached camp six miles from 
White House Landing, and on the 7th again camped in 
•Jie ^ame place we had lefr on the 1st The men were all 
f(.)ot-sore; many were almost tired out. Shoes had been 
worn from the feet and some had march with pieces of 
blanket tied on their feet. 

On the 8th of July in a drenching rain we started on 
our march down the Pamunky river, the whole surface 
of the ground covered with water, the streams over- 
llowing and a forty mile march before us. At night we 
iiivouacked in the rain, using our shelter tents to cover 
us as best we could, wet to the skin with the continued 
<l'-)vvnpour, we pass Kent Countv Court House, Slaters- 
viile, Williamsburg, reaching Yorktown on the 9th at 3 
o'clock p. M. Here we lay the next day while we were 
;.:ecting some shoes, (received nine pairs on a requisition 
for seyentecn pairs ), marched on to Big Bethel, and on 
Sunday the 12th marched to Hampton, Va., before 8 
o'clock A. M. On the 13th we back to our old camp 
• It Getty's Point. 

While at Yorktown on the 11th we received a new 
•^tand of colors, presented bv the Common Council of the 
city of New York. Work was resumed on the earthwork 
;it Getty's Point, also the routine of camp duties. On 
Monday. July 27th, 1SG3, Captain Crosby-, having been 
"p.iered on detached service, started for New York. 
^'boii': this time some changes were made in Company I. 
1 -^t r.ieutenant Jones was j)romoted Captain and assigned 
-" Coni[>anv B. Ordcrlv Sergeant Julius Johns was pro- 
moted to 2d Lieutenant of Company I, Sergeant Kimball 
liking his place as Orrlcrly Sergeant. Lieutenant Geor- 


.« ^d f .-StUi^K trtj.:...' '.**Y..>.)jf*i ! 

:. ■ t 

gie was assigned to Company H, and Lieutenant Gust 
Fambach was assigned to Company B. 

We were again under heavy marching orders, and on 
the 29th marched to Portsmouth, Va. At night went on 
board the Steamer United States, and steamed south the 
next morning. August 2d we sighted Fort Sumpter. 
square and symmetrical, rising out of the water at the 
mouth of Charleston Harbor. We had never looked on 
its walls before, and it is no wonder every one was inter- 
ested. How we strained our eves? How closelv we 
scanned its flag. At first, in the distance, it locked like a 
white flag. 

It seems but yesterday since we first sighted Sumpter. 
We passed the monitors and the other warships in turn, 
vigilantly watching on the outposts of this hot-bed of 
secession and rebellion. In the afternoon of the same 
day we were piloted into Light House Inlet and landed 
on Folly Island, a long, narrow strip of sandv land, ly- 
ing just south of Morris -Island. We marched u]3 the 
beach and stuck up our shelter tents on the sand banks 
among the palmettos. The island was quite narrow 
here, the ocean washing one shore, while on the other lav 
the sluggish, swampv Folly river. The weather was 
very warm, and we missed, sadly missed, good water. 
In fact water of any kind, except the brine of the Atlantic 
ocean, was hard to find. What water we had was pro- 
cured by sinking a barrel in the sand, and into the bot- 
tom of this would settle water as dark in color as coflee 
There were no sjirings here. The next day a detail ot 
one hundred men wr-s ordered for <.iuard and fatio-uedutv 
This was the commencement of our heaw dutv as a regi- 
ment in the way of constant service. It was three davs 
in the intrcnchiTicut^ or, M<'rris Islaii<l in front of Fort 
Wagner, one tii-h' in caiii]», then picket dtttv on Foll\- 
Island, or tatigue tlutv, making gabins for use at the 


ic : 

y^fim^^'-' t 1) ^ vh f 



f.''»- ^^■s**^' 


t - 

i I i P^ 


% \\ M\;\ -, 

^ ^ 


a^. ^ o , 

> "y' -T— V- / ■■/■ 


.1) , 


1/^ i. 


At Folley Island, S. C. (Sketch by Foil,) 

.'f;-- ■*"! 


This was about the routine of our duty without much 
variation for some time. Rations were cooked in camp 
and carried to the detail, no fires being allowed there. 
These details were made from the duty men, and gener- 
ally included all of them, musicians, orderly sergeants, 
cooks, and sick men being left in camp. These gabins 
were made on Folly Island, where an undergrowth of 
brush and saplings could be found and were perhaps four 
feet high. These, when filled with sand, were rolled on an 
angle towards the fort. Behind each one being two men 
with shovels, digging a trench, and one or two with rifles 
as sharpshooters. The fortifications were approached in 
this manner until the gunners on the parapet were not 
onlv unable to work their pieces but were driven to their 
[ bomb-proofs. Battery Wagner, which had so obstinately 
resisted all attempts at capture, was taken by assault on 
Sej)tember 7th, 1863. 
On the morning of September 20, 1868, a large detail 
; irom the 103d Regiment was ordered to do picket duty 
)!i Long Island ( or Little Folly Island. ) , The detail from 
i Company I consisted of Orderly Sergeant Kimball, four 
I corporals, and eighteen privates. The same day the regi- 
I nicnt moved cam]\ a short distance oidy. The duty on 
Long Island (which lies between Folly Island and James 
b>land) was a regular picket duty. Rations of whisky 
were issued to the men every morning; no fires or lights 
; '!: tents were allowed after dark, as we were at all times 
in sight of the enemy on James Island, only being hidden 
'•'.' a medium growth of trees and brush. Being sur- 
!-''.iiided bv s^vamps and stagnant water on all sides, 
Hiosnuitoes and gnats were well nigh unbearable. We 
'<'maincd here on ])icket till Friday. Otoher 23d. 
•vJu-n v.e were relieved ])\ C()!n[)any A of tlie 103d Kegi- 
■■•I'^'nt. together with a detail from the 3(1 Regiment. New 
^ >!■'< Volnnteers. We rejoined the regiment in camp on 
i <'iiy Island, leaving Corporal Lormore detailed on the 


' I 

pass boat, Private Hoffman on the Dispatch Boat, and 
Private Curtis on the water boat. The duty in camp was 
somewhat different, though it was arduous. The regiment 
was often called out in the evening, and was under arms 
until daylight. When this was not done a large detail 
was on reserve picket all night at stations along Folly 
river, tearing an attack from the direction of James Is- 
land, against which every precaution was taken 

On Monday, October 26,1863, Private Michael Powers 
was absent from the companv all day without leave, 
giving as an excuse the next morning that he met 
some old comrades at the sutler's up the Island and took 
too much drink. The next day it was repeated, but with 
a reprimand from the Orderly Sergeant he promised n'^>t 
to be al^sent again and was excused this time also The 
third day he was again missing all dav long, not answer- 
ing to roll call, nor had he put in an appearance at 
'*taps." But this time there was no chance for repri- 
mand or punishment, as our comrade, just as our boys 
were returning from picket dutv in the grav dawn of the 
morning, after adjusting a string to his toe, tied it to the 
trigger (jf his loaded musket, laid himself on his bunk. 
put the muzzle in his mouth and discharged his piece. 
Dc-ath was instantiineous. Corporal Lucius L. Flower, in 
whose tent Mike was, very soon came in from picket and 
discovered the suicide, .\fter a proper investigation, poor 
Mike was carried out and burieu. There was some mys- 
torv connected with the affair that was not known in the 
Company, some trouble that no doul)t antedated his en- 
li^iuK-ni in the l():'.d Regiment. He left no letters or any- b\ which we could trace a relative or friend to 
nolitv them of his sad death. He was a good Soldier, 
-ttid. .-IS as wc know, served his country faithfully, lie 
w.i> csili^ted in .\ew \ork December ITlh, 1862. by Lieu- 
tenant ^'corge A. Ilussey ; was born in Ireland, was a 
•^--Kic-cuuer by trade, and gave his age as 28. 


:.: .-.-■•! 

Capt. Crosby returned to the regiment October 31, 
only for two or three davs, (leaving November 2nd) he 
having been sent to Hilton Head, S. E. from New York 
with a detachment of recruits. 

The routine dutv of the re^riment continued with slight 
variations but was exacting. Guard dutv, picket, re- 
serve picket, inspection and 'drill by squads, companv, 
re^im^ntal, brigade and division drill, all added to make 
the lives of our boys busy ones. Some furloughs were 
granted about this time, to a very limited extent, how- 

Sunday, November 29th Col. Heine ordered all the men 
of the regiment on fatigue duty to clear off the brush in 
the rear of the cook houses. After they were in line the 
men refused to do so. Threats being of no avail the 
Colonel said he would order out the batterv of ligfht 
artillery lying next to our camp and compel them. This 

• dso proved useless and the men were ordered to their 

♦ piarters. That afternoon Quarter Master Fox was or- 
dered to issue a ration of whisk v to each man. Decem- 
ber 8, 1863, there was an examination of the men of the 
re^riment by the regimental surgeon to ascertain whether 
'>r not they were able to double quick a mile or more, 
lie gave to the bovs of company I the recommend of be- 
ing a good company physicallv. 

In January and February 1864-, the enlisted men who 
h ul served two years, began to discuss the matter of rc- 
ctilisting under General Orders. War L>epartment for 
iiirce years more. There was no urging on the part of 
ilie (jovernment, the offer was made and the men were 
l'-!t to do as thev thought best. Those choosins: to do 
"'I were to receive rdl back ]).'iy and ;illow:inces, bountv 
due, etc., the same as at final discharge, and were again 
'nusLcred into the service. In atldition each re-enlisted 
!5i'ui was to have a furlough of thirty days. The follow- 


iiTi .)•' : .'u^O V. 1 . (It. J 

f 1 I '- ' >f 

ing named members of Company 1, re-enlisted during the 

winter, viz: 
Fernando Wescott, Nathan Wood, Emerson F. Orvis. 

William J. Sutherland, Frank Smith, Orville S. Kimball, 

Clark H. Stage, George W. Bennett, James \Y. Burnham, 
Joseph Wade, Narcisse Pail, Geo. L. Ostrander and J. 

Wilbur Curtis. 

On April 10th 1864 the re-enlisted men (about one hun- 
dred from the 103rd regiment) were provided w^ith fur- 
loughs, went from Long Island, took the steamer Dic- 
tator at Stono Inlet, steamed to Hilton Head, S. C, and 
on the 13th, went on board the steamer Louisa Moore 
and steamed for New York where we arrived on the ISth. 
On Wednesday the 20th we were tendered a reception as 
a veteran regiment by the City of New York, the 6th 
Regiment National Guard acting as escort. A grand 
banquet was given, (three hundred covers were laid, ) 
with speeches and a general good time all around. The 
boys were back again from their homes on May 19th, 
and on the 22nd took the steamer Fulton for Hilton 
Head, S. C, where we arrived on the 26th. The same 
day we took the steamer Neptune and came to Stono 
Inlet and our oldcamp where weagain resumed ourduties. 
Outpost picket on Long Island was maintained with 
force and also what was termed as grand guard on Follv 
Island. The regiments in camp were often "turned out" 
before daylight to stand under arms till sunrise. Capt. 
Crosby returned from detached service at New York Har- 
bor on Sunday. June 12tl), 1.^64. and again resumed 
command of company I. He made this entrv in his 
diary that day: "I inspected tlie company and hnil 
everything in as good order as could possiblv be ex- 

Un the 30Lh day of June, hsiil-, the 103d was under 
orders to march with three days' cooked rations in hav- 
ersack, rubber blankets <udy, eighty rounds of cartridges 

each man. We crossed Folly river to Long Island, lav 
iro.iud thi stockade till night of July 1st; after dark we 
cross from the south end of the island in pontoon boats 
lo Tiger Island, land in the mud knee deep and flounder 
to land; some got fast in the mud and had to be pulled 
out. Before daylight we cross a morass knee deep, en- 
countered the rebel jnckets on James Island and moved 
i«ri. Capt. Crosby was ordered to skirmish to the right 
with ten men from the right of company I and if possible 
c.ij»ture some cavalry pickets that were heading in around 
a point ot water. As there was no other commissioned of- 
ficer [)resent with the company, Orderly Sergt. Kimball was 
'uaicred to deplov the remainderof thecomp^mv as skirm- 
i^l'.crs and move in advance. Theskirmish line moved for- 
ward through a swampv field. A short distance in front 
w.isahedge of brush with a ditch. Behind this hedge was 
concealed a batterv of two brass twelve-pounder cannon 
and as the line came within short range they opened with 
canister double-shotted Several charges were tired in 
r ij)id succession, making havoc in the skirmish line and 
■ a the regiment. They soon rallied from the temporary 
confusion, and with the ooth Regt. Mass. Vols, (colored ) 
'Ki (jur left charged across the Held, in the face of a terri- 
'^•ic fire, captured the i)attery and turned the guns on the 
living cnemv. Capt. Crosbv with his ten men returned 
il'er the commencement ot the fight, double-quick, and 
'.'>ok their places in the line of battle. Two prisoners 
^vcrt- captured with the battery and the colored troo]:s 
'•arc determined to bayc^net them on the spot. They 
V. ere restrained oidv by the efforts of Caj)t. Crosby and 
■'thers who step[)ed between them with drawn sword 
^"'»nunandingthein to desist. Their cry was "Captain re- 

• ■:.tii)er Fort Pillow; l>k)c»d for bli)od." While this short 
;•' ricy was going on the prisoners were liustled away out 
"t their reach. kVom this poiiit the regiment reformed 

• a. 1 harried acros.s the ne.\t field Lowar<ls P'ort Lamar, 


f..: ! .. . ■• 

forming in line at'the second brush hedge. Here the regl- ] 
mentlay all day, covering themselves as besttheycouid i 
behind banks of earth which was hastily thrown up as a 
protection against a blank fire from a rebel batterv on 
our left. 

When Fort Lamar opened on us with solid shot and 
shell we hugged the ditches and lay quiet. At night we 
were ordered to fall back without speaking a word, and 
reached a line of rifle pits near the south end of James 
Island. Here we lay on our arms till the 10th, skirmish- 
ing and picketing, the rebel line in plain view. Heavv 
firmg between our gunboats and the batteries on Johns 
Island was kept up all the time. 

. In the engagement of July 2d our regiment lost 25 men. 
Two men of company I were killed in front of the bat- 
tery, viz: Narcisse Pail, well known in the companv as 
"Frenchy." and John Read. "Frenchy" was shot through 
the right breast, a ball of canister passing through him. 
He was laid on a stretcher and carried to the lower end 
of James Island, where he died in the afternoon. Orderly 
Sergeant Kimball, while in command of the skirmish 
hne, had the entire sole of his boot torn off bv a can- 
ister shot striking the toe just low enough to'missthe 
foot. He was stunned by the force of the shot and was 
reported killed until became to the line half an hour later. 
On the loth of Julv, preparations having been pre- 
viouslv made to evacuate the Island by moving the 
heavy ordnance. etc.. the order to march can:e after'dark. 
the troops crossed to Battery Island, the next dav to 
John's Island, the camp of the 74-th Regiment. Pennsyl- 
vania Volunteers, on to Stono Inlet, and crossed to oV.r 
old canip on I-olly lsl:nid. It scemc.i like gettin- iuuiu: 
again. August 'Jth. ISC,:;. Sprnigficld ritles. model <.l 
1803. were given to the men in the lU^d Regiment in ex- 
change for the Austrian rifles we tiad nsed-a very mucii 




nicer looking rifle and much easier to keep in order for in- 
spection, which was an item with the soldier. 

On August 12th Captain Crosby having resigned, bid 
adieu to the company and regiment, and went home. On 
August 17th the 103d went to Hilton Head. S. C, and 
next day took the steamer transport Arago (same vessel 
on which Captain Crosby went home) and came north, 
was transferred at Fortress Monroe to the Steamer C. 
X. Thomas, and the next day landed at Washington, 
D.C.. marched up Pennsylvania Avenue, through George- 
town, across Long Bridge to Fort Richardson, Arlington 
Ileitjhts. PIcre we lav for a little time, scattered among 
the small fortifications in the vicinity of Fort Reynolds, 
Fort Wood, etc. On September 23d we again marched 
to Washington and took the cars for Harper's Ferry, and 
on the 27th marched out with a long train of provisions 
an 1 stores for General Sheridan's arm v up the Shenandoah 
Valley. All trains had to be guarded up the valley, as 
the rebel General Mosbv was operating in that section 
with a band of guerillas, not to fight pitched battles, but 
to prowl around, pick up stragglers, capture provision 
wagons, or do anv damage at anv time or anywhere he 
could to the Union cause. His men were hardly ever in 
sight, but on the alert — regular bushwhackers. They 
seemed almost to come out of the ground anywhere there 
was an opportunity to make a capture. 

Our brigade was called the Provisional Brigade. We 
marched as far as Harrisonburg, Va., where we tound 
ticneral Sheridan's army. After a few days' picket guard 
and skirmish duty we marched back down the valley, 
and October l-tth camped near Middleton, Va., and on 
5iK-17Lh was (jrdcred to [irocecd to Alartinsburg, Va., 
\\h\\ a train of wagons and- rebel prisoners. On the 20th 
\\ e left Martinsburg for the front and went into camp a 
iiitic south of Winchester. Va , where we stayed till the 


2oth; then marched again to our former camp south of 

During the time we had been away the battle oi Cedar 
Creek had been fought, lost, and won, of which we saw 
evidences all around us. On the 2Sth we again camped 
just south of Winchester, and lay there until November 
10th. Here it was rumored we would go into winter 
quarters, but we were soon undeceived. Our march was 
toward Flarper's Ferry along the line of railroad, camp- 
ing this time near Charlestown, Va. Our dutv was to 
guard the railroad from any disturbance. For this pur- 
pose picket posts were established at intervals along the 
track, near enough to communicate with each other by 
patrols during the night time. These posts were made upot 
a non-commissioned officer Jind generallv three men, who 
pitched their tents and were n(jt relieved. Thev, hov*-- 
ever, kept a vidette out at night, which thev relieved 
every two Injurs. These details were made from the duty 
men, while the orderly serii^eants, musicians, sick, etc., 
were left in the regimental camp. Some of our men were 
sent out as safeguards to the residences in the vicinity. 
Mosby's band was very active, and embraced every op- 
portunity to gobble up our men or destrov anv pro])ertv 
of the United States. This n)ade the dutv all the more 
exacting, and required close vigilance on the ])art of the 

This picket duty continued until December 20th. Again 
marching orders came and we ])acked ujj evervthing. 
pickets and safeguards called i!i, next dav marched to 
Summit Point, Pa., where we took the cars and came to 
Washington. D. C. The orders were to proceed to Ber- 
muda Hundred by boat hut on account of the ice in the 
river and the reil Lapo necessary to bring anvthing about 
we were on (.he In^at two diticrent limes and attain land- 
ed. We finally got off on our way down the Potomac 
River on the 28th, ami on the 3 1st came to Jones land- 


!.. rl 

n.-' :v. '?' 


inj^ on the north side of the James River. The next day 
we crossed the James on a pontoon bridge and marched 
up past Gen. Ferrero's headquarters to the breastwork 
and encamped. That same night, (and it was a cold 
one) we went on the out[josts on picket duty in the 
bomb proofs near the rebel line, so near we could hear 
them talk. Another military execution at which the 
103rd regiment was paraded, two men of the 58th Regt. 
Pa. Vols., Sergeant Foster and Private Johnson were 
shot for desertion. The duty here was very much the 
sani2 from day to day. Every alternate night on picket 
in the bomb proofs, and the next in camp. The night in 
camp was not rest however, we had to get out toward 
morning and stand under arms until daylight in the 
breastworks to be ready for an attack. Almost every 
night rebel deserters would come to our lines frum three 
to thirty together and sometimes much more. This de- 
serting came to be regular and we expected it. During 
January and February 1S65, the period of enlistment of 
many of the men of Company I expired. The first of 
those that were present with the companv was corporal 
Altred H Cummins who enlisted January 10. 1S<j2. Then 
came Milton T. Tyrrell, and Lucius L. Flower, Jamts H. 
Sioughton, Daniel M. Dickerson, Charles T. Ostrander, 

These men ver^ naturally wanted to go home, having 
faithfully performed the contract on their part, and so 
final statements were made by the Orderly Sergeant for 
these nieti as the dates ciime. On January 25th the pa- 
p^^rs tirst sent came back u-ith the statement that none 
e;>uld be discharged until M;irch 19tii (three vears from 
the date of the last enlistment at Elmira. X. Y.) This 
">t course was uol satistactory to those dircctlv concern- 
t\i ;ind they soon refused to do duty; were {)ut under ar- 
rest and shortly after were sent to the guard house. At 
'> le time some of them wowUl agree to do camp duty and 


were released, then all would bolt again and go back to 
the guard house. This continued with little variation 
until March 13th, when the three years men in the regi- 
ment who had not re-enlisted whose time had expired 
were ordered to New York and mustered out of the ser- 

April 3rd, 18G5, the 103rd Regiment with others was 
ordered to advance to the rebel works in our front and 
on the railroad between Petersburs^ and Richmond which 
was destroyed, £ind returned to camp the next afternoon. 
On April 5th we marched around inside the Union line to 
Petersburg and came into the city next day, camping on 
the opposite side. The few succeeding davs witnessed 
the surrender of the rebel Army of Northern Virginia un- 
der Gen. Lee to Gen. Grant at Appomattox, and the con- 
sequent collapse of the so-called Southern Confederacv. 
One after another the (jenerals of other commands sur- 
rendered, until the last rebel laid down his arms and the 
great Civil War of four years sanguinarv strife was 
ended. Here we lay in camp, and as the general con- 
dition assumed a peaceful attitude, saw the troops on 
the march for Washington to join the grand review and 
final muster out. 

The 103rd Regiment was consolidated into a battalion 
of three comjjanies— .v. B, and C, Captain William Rad- 
lisch commanding, company 1 boys being in companv B. 
On May ir)th, we marched from Petersburg and on the 
17th went into camp among the live oaks at Surrv 
Court House, Va.. four miles south of James river, oppo- 
site Jamestown landing. The duly here was ])rovost 
duty acting under the rLconstructio n orders of the Pres- 
ident Lieut. C(»l. B v. Winger of the 2nd Pa. Heavv 
Artillery w;!s provo-', M;!r-hd atilils point. Oaths of 
Allegiance to the I niied State.> (''overnnien t were admin- 

Every vcsier in order to ha ve full right to citizensliip 


' . ? r.t 

. ,! i, 

;na-;t take this obligation of fealty to the flag of the 
rnion. June l-ith the battalion was ordered to Peters-' 
htirg again, being relieved b_v Company C 2nd Pa. H. A. 
A detachment commanded bv Lieut. Taylor was sent to 
Chcstertield Court House. Late in autumn the battalion 
was sent to Amelia Court House where they remained 
until they were ordered to City Point, Va., for final 
itiuster out. This was accomplished Dec, 7th and final 
pay was secured at Harts Island, New York Harbor, on 
I he 1-tth. 


In Obtaining Recruits for the I03d N. Y. Volunteers in the 
Fall of 1862, and How They Fared Afterwards. 

In most all organizations it is considered to be a special 
'>rivilege to be an original or charter member. The mili- 
tary bodies which composed the volunteer army in the 
'■irly Rebellion days were no exception to this sentimental 
rnle. Thus recruiting officers of that period of the war 
■vcre compelled to urge the applicants for Uncle Sam's 
"^I'niy, as a salesman of to-day would solicit orders, giv- 
'fjg many true, some questionable, reasons why the pro- 
>iicctive soldier-boy should join a regiment then at the 
''•"!!l. and let him find out !jv experience, how much truth 
■"■'•■i'^ in its advance agent. 

Patriotism was near to the high-water mark, moneyed 
' jdncement was not yet needed to cause the youth to 


J i" '}! hi 

enlist; to get him to join your regiment was the rub, ot" 
which the recruit knew no more than of the moon, and 
as in civil life, the recruiting officer had competitors add- 
ing to his difficulties of success. Stories, too, had reached 
home of what field-service— as in 1S9S— reallv was; the 
Copperhead (man) was also ever present, trying to 
counteract the desire to uphold the Union, in some cases 
asking men to even join the Southern army; especially 
was this so in parts of New York and Indiana, and did 
at least succeed in keeping some few from donning the 
blue uniform. 

A three months' tour, in Xew York Citv, solicitino- ad-. 
ditions to the ranks of the lU3d regiment, bv the writer. 
gave him the foundation for the statements just made. 
The question of pay, pension or other emoluments was 
seldom asked by the recruit, a speedy sending-off to join 
the regiment being about the only desire expressed, and 
when that time came all were as joyous as in earlier life, 
when school vacation had been announced. 

When once in uniform all Vv-ere happy in the knowledge 
that tliey would soon be where the enemies of the coun- 
try w.-re, inwardly li()[)Ing to give a good account of their 
actions, and wishing to make tiiemselves the equals of 
their tellow-soldicrs whom they were about to join; to 
share in the trirds of the march, bivouac, picket andcamp 
life, commencing, ol course, with fretpient drills in the 
recruit-s((uad; who the instructor was had much to do 
vvith early impressions of a soldier life, also the ha])- 
hazard selection of lent-nu'ites. 

Generally when ii iKxame known a squad of recruits 
was ap[)roaehing iheeainp. about rdl not ondutv would 
line u[) tv)war(!s the entrance "to ^ive them a reception," 
which M'-iiic olien looic l.>rrn in .-in out-cri. of "fresh hsh " 
"where did yoM -ri. tiia I kiia ; s-iek,'" i.eeansc of its si;ce; 
"take olf" "butdc with me, if vou got an v 
ski," and in iaet any e.\]>ressions were used; mean- 


.Mf-j: f/ ■- V n ^. 

fV. o^ ;.t?''(n^ 

while the future comrades were "sized up" and nick-names 
i:iven to some of them which occasionally were retained 
throughout their service. These doings might be st3'led 
the military hazing of the recruit class, though seldom 
carried to extremes. Later in the war, when the large 
bounties were given, man\^ additions to the recruits' 
"initiation" were added, such as "have you a thousand 
to loan," "take off that diamond ring," and the like. 

To sum up, the difterence in time of enlistment was soon 
forgotten, especially if the soldier-boy was found out to 
be of the true metal needed for active service. At the time 
of their enlistment they were generalh- told "you will re- 
turn with the regiment, if spared from disease and the 
bullet," "the oath to serve three years is merely a form." 
Such the recruiting officers believed to be the truth when 
iheir promises were thus made. The highest authority 
iviiew enlistments were so agreed to, but how sadly were 
all disappointed in the matter when the muster-out time 
c.une. A transfer to some other regiment to serve bal- 
ance of time the only way to receive an honorable dis- 
v-harge; quite a few deserting the service in consequence, 
and suffering to this day for their action, in the belief 
li'icy were right, and certainly there was some warrant 
m their so thinking. 

Long life and prosperity to the survivors of Co. I, lU3d 
i^egt. X. Y. Vols., are the sincere wishes of one who came 
^'> you as a stranger and parted company in the tented 
• icl(], reiiretfullv. 


f^X'X; ;:.:j-) t: /l^-rf-) ^li-'-y/ 


Night Attack on Hatteras. 

At midnight two boys on guard duty stood communing 
together on a little bridge across a narrow stream, a 
ribbon of silver in a bed of sand, that lost itself at the 
base of an old fort, all seamed by gaping sods, in the 
wide waters of Pamlico Sound. They, kindred in soul 
and thought, but not of blood, were looking northward 
over a vast stretch of sea beach and sand dunes, watch- 
ing the intermittent flashes, one visible from their view 
point every three minutes, that Cape Hatteras Light sent 
with warning glare to the mariners of the deep. 

As the period of sentry-go is 120 minutes, fortv of the.^e 
flashes were accounted a trick of duty, when out of the 
deep night a vigorous voice, eager for relief from dutv, 
would call, "Corporal of the guard, turn out the relief." 
To the sentinels on the bridge the allotted number of 
flashes not yet having appeared, chey, as in duty bound, 
were peering with eager eyes into the shadows of the 
night in search of a ])ossiblc foe, that they might warn 
their sleeping comrades of the approach of an enemv. 
whom they are taught to believe "Never rests and never 

Out to the front, eastward, not many rods the 
deep, unresting sea, its swells, slow moving, roll up the 
mo )n-lit beach, unwinding the feathery scrolls bearing 
the rythmic records of old ocean's lighter moods. 

To the right, southward, miles adown a beach, fringed 
with the wreckage of many a craft, stand Forts Clark 
and Hatteras, mute sentinels, guarding the inlet con- 
necting the Atlantic and Pandico. 

To the left and northward are beach and sand hills, 
clustering clunq^s of hribitritions. fisher huts, and the 
world-famous Cape ilal'eras Liglu llou-eand its beacon 
sending into tlic night their jxaietratirig a warn- 
ing voice, to warn the sailor of a current flowing alon<4 


r > n 

•/r ! :; .■i;.:/.r,i ,/. 


' . •■ ' I 

*.>hore. that carries to certain death all who get within its 
territic swirl. 

Rearward and westward lies the camp, with its half 
iimulred sleepers, barracks in long lines with capacity tor 
thousands, for here encamped Burnside's victorious bat- 
talions after the capture of the island and its forts. Be- 
vond, like a sheet of silver, is Pamlico Sound, along 
•A hose indented shore stand with set arms, like dragons, 
^lic wind mills, where the primitive denizens of this nar- 
row strip of land 'twixt Ocean and Sound grind the sta- 
\:lc that makes their pone and hoe cake. 

On this night the clouds, in columns across the heavens, 
moved like embattled battalions, to be torn and shredded 
hy the swift assaults of the hurtling winds. Be}ond was 
ihiT moon. "Pale Empress of the night, whose beams il- 
I'.innne our earth, how many varied fantasies to thee 
h;vve owed their birth." Oft the scattering clouds would 
^..urry across the face of the moon, shutting out the light 
and throwing ragged shadows on the earth. In these 
tnoaients the mind, strained bv expectancy and losing 
the guidance of the eve. would give to stump and log, 
"M timbers and stunted brush, the shape and actions of 
::icn. Thus, objects, in a moment, would be carried far- 
'lier along the evolutionary line than even Darwin ere 
'i reamed of. 

I'uring the interval of light, the sentinels on the bridge 
'-'^ntered their gaze upon a moving mass, coming towards 
• 'ie:ii in orderlv numbers down the island in its narrow- 
^■""i. part, with its line close tlankcd by sea and sound. 
■^■Ufly. now, what the eye has sought, the brain exjjected 

■'"d the sentinel awaited in fear and doubt, has come at 
■ i>t — the enemv. 

V -oldier, when on duLv, must as guard ov picket see 

aid thLcrmine before clmllcnLiing and hring. True to 
'-'■<t"ir education as soldiers they scrutinized and scanned, 
t'^timated. and then guessed the number and jirm of the 


,,i dw>'- nJi:n-v> o- >'•,; "x-.'i ♦/ .■{ 

I ()-, r;. -f^'^j. 


advancing foe. One said, "'Tis infantry"; the other, 
"Xo, its cavalry." Both in chorus, " With artillery!" 
Xo arm of the enemy's service, by those thoughtful senti- 
nels, was left out of their quick conception. "Cavalry 
with flying artillery," their united judgment. 

Before the formidable array they became silent. On a 
mere breath of time how much may hang; the lives ot 
the camp, its stores and barracks, the safety of the Light 
House and our comrades there doing duty, and these, 
miles awav, and a valiant foe between us. The forts tar 
on our other tiank, not expecting a land attack from the 
north, perhaps, are not vigilant, and too long in unvexed 
repose have lessened the tension of discipline. How 
with themselves, lone sentinels, 'mid this dreary waste ot 
sand? Would they be killed in the defense of comrades. 
camp and flag, or captured and carried away to some 
noisome den of Rebeldom ? These thoughts, hurled by 
solicitude across the mind, took but a pinch of time, and 
did not deter the eve from holding its attention, firm 
fixed, upon the uncertain and ominous mass. As cer- 
taintv seemed to grow into c<:)nviction, and doubt was 
being fast s\vc])L awciy. the moon, saucv mistress ot the 
skv, would ilasii her ^.ilvtry robes behind the flying cloud 
banks and leave again the world in darkness and in 

Thus held in restless suspeiise the unguided mind would 
give ''To rerial nothings, a local habitation and a name, " 
and "Reason on a frenzied sea would toss." Another 
rush of the wind among the fickle chnuls and thev would 
dissolve, and the moon, brighter than before, would 
burst in resplendent brilHancy, and the eve, stronger 
frotTi its rest can'jht .ill the h'lnd^cnpe. The sentinels 
(juickly tiiscovcrt-d tiiv- t.iu-in \- nif>ving steadilv across tlic 
beach toward tiie 'ori^it^c, lone barrier Ijctween them and 
the sleepiiu: canip. .\'t>\v linger,- in those sentinels' minds 

.\\j . '?'"• ■■ 't ' .Ti". yf): 

:;ot a tatter of a doubt, for they see them, scan theni, 
.iiitl know them as the advancing foe. 

Thev challenge! The voice rings out, its echo lost amid 
the resounding breakers, " Halt ! Halt! Halt!" Then 
the oft fatal query, "Who comes there?" Silent and 
sullen, onward they come, "In the pride of their numbers 
liiev staked on the game." Sternly two sharp rifle cracks 
'4o out into the solemn night, arousing the alert and ter- 
fit'ving the timid. 'Tis the company's first call to arms 
>iiice leaving their homes in the North. 

The guns firing in quick and distinct succession, told to 
the commander no careless guard had suffered his prema- 
u:relv to discharge. It had the ominous ring of danger. 
The Captain, not full clad, with uncovered head, bearing 
in iiand a sword, with neitlier scabbard nor belt, came 
•{uicklv to the bridge. Inquiring the cause of the fdarm 
.iii'l sighting the enemy's movements, for now among 
Lhem there seemed a halt, as though counting the cost of 
llie sentinels' fire, sterrdy ordered the younger of the two 
■^cntinels, the older being retained to aid in repelling the 
'•upending charge, to iiroceed forthwith to the barracks 
and insist that every man, even cook and teamster, 
^liould fall in, rally to the bridge, and help the guards 
to drive back the assaulting troops. 

On this errand he sped to Barrack No. 1, wildly plung- 
mg into the midst of the snoring humanity, his voice high 
••itched by excitement, yelled, " Fall in ! Fall in ! Quick I 
I he I\cbs are coming! Come quickly, for even now they 
• iTc fornuug on the beach, quick! Don't wait; lest all the 
gu.-ird be killed." So stern a summons, carrying with it. 
"^ many of the slow-moving sleepers thought, was, per- 
i*a[)s. a knell that wt»uld. ere the morrow, summon them 
'<■"> licavcn or to hell. 

Ser'_;cant Chase came pronqitv to the call. Then 
- -oiigliLcn the poet corporal, with a .strain of some love- 
i^'i"n ballad oft sung amid the hills of Schuyler, still trcm- 


'.* M.l 

:'. ' I. 

bling on his lips awoke, and putting away the gentle, 
sprang like AIiner%'a, 'Full armed for the conflict." The 
clatter of Stoughten's armor awoke the sage of Schuvlcr 
—famed McFlipp, who with deep deliberation, unclad 
and unarmed, strode the barrack with fine histrionic- 
grace. Pligh resolution firm marking his soldier face. 
when with the frowning mien of a Von Egglofstein, act- 
ing-corporal Pcune aided in forming the line. 

Alanv and anxious were the queries as to the number, 
character, size and identity of the enemy, as some quick- 
ly and others slowly came down, up and out of their re- 
spective bunks. There was putting on of pants, clamor 
tor caps and blouses, feeling for shoes, not alwavs with 
the greatest alacrity, a cry for a gun, a demand for a 
cartridge box, a chorused yell for a canteen around which 
yet lingered the fumes not always found at the com- 
panies' spring, and an insistence for a bavonet detached 
the day previous to do duty as a stabber of crabs from 
the planks of the very bridge soon, perhaps, to become 
ruddy and sodden with the blood of these same startled 

The troops in this barrack moved out on to the drill 
ground, led by Sergeant Chase well to the fore, and on 
either flank came those oft times tried sons of Alars. 
Corporal Stoughten and Acting-Corporal Paine. As Xo 
1 was fullv conscious of and j)repared for the attack, on 
rushed the sentinel-courier to the cook's barrack, where 
slept in unfeigned sleep, the flowers of the hills of Hec- 
tor. Here were Bullard. Sherman, Jackson and Sta^e. 
immortal on ihcir country's ])age. when with a loudei 
voice they were called to "Fall in!" as the enem v was 
about attacking the camp and the orders from the Cap- 
tain were, "none sliould lalur. none remain Ixhind ior 
all such as (lifl Nvould on the morrow l)e taken out uii 
the beach and l-e shot for cowardice." There was no di 
plomacy in the delivery, it was direct, and to its response 

; ><•'.■ ?rH ; gCTfId 

the soldiers of the cook's barrack arose as one man to 
protest a^c^alnst bein<^- awakened from slumbers never be- 
fore disturbed in such ungentle tones. Doubt found ex- 
pression in defiance. Hesitancy faltered in performance, 
lest the attack was the concoction of the youthful alarm- 
ist. Cowardice, with blouse in hand striving to have it 
serve as trousers, vehemently excoriating the air with 
the wildest profanity and in its paroxysm, calling down 
1 1." direst ;niledietioaonhira whocarried theorder.should 
it not have originated with the Captain, but only found 
coinage beneath the cluipeau of the youthful guard. 

Soon these with fear and trembling, in wild confusion 
struggling, growling and cursing, with laggard steps, 
came straggling along to the bridge. Some armed others 
less ssnguinary, unarmed, falling into line which Lieu- 
tenant Dudley was endeavoring to form. Thrustino- 
aside that useless appendage of war. the sword, and 
armed with an empty "pepper-box" revolver, the Lieu- 
tenant succeeded in aligning the reserve, while Captain 
Crosby with the assaulting column moved across the 
bridge to anticipate an enemy that had now seen the 
torce and fury that clearly shone on the unwrinkled front 
ot the youngest compariV of the war. 

While hurrying to jr)in the command, turning as he 
passed the guard house, the courier saw: 

Adown the shelly sand wav, 
Out in the starrv night, 

A solitary horsemen sj)eeding 

On the UTL'^cnt wings of fliolit. 

Out from the bai rack's shadows deep, 

Till the curling waves met the horse's feet; 

Turning on his unsaddled steed. 

Looking back over brush and weed. 

At ourgallaiiL Ijuid acrossing the bridge 

To drive llie stubborn troopers off the ridge— 

And the moon sailing on in statelv <rrace, 


'•<e •). 


Shone full on rhe teamster's pallid face, 
His eyes so wikllv i^deamin*:^, 

Hair disordered streaming, 
Haunted by the uncanny night, 

Lashed by fear to furious flight, 
Held in grasp of terror's might. 

Flying from the impending fight, 
Madly he rode, ever from our sight. 
As the command moved across the broad sweep of 
sand, the Captain in advance, on whose still uncovered 
head shone the silver fringe of time, turned and facing the 
company, gave the commcind. "Scatterl mv men! scat- 
ter, lest the fire of the enemy, you being huddled together, 
lay man\- of you low." With promptness, the men de- 
ployed to a proper distance, and guiding right, they 
moved to meet a silent and unvielding foe. 

The young covirier, having joined theassaidting column, 
taking a position next to the other sentinel, there was 
soon imparted to their tread that steadiness with which 
the veteran alone can inspire the recruit. The moon to 
show her appreciation of the courage of the men, bespoke 
the winds to open wide the gates of light and send her 
grandest sheen strong down upon the silvered sands, 
unfolding totheArgouseye of this vouthful command. the 
j.'nemy tn full and certain view. 

There they stoodi a serried troop of riderless steeds! 
Natives of the Isle, witli heads thrown over the others 
necks, giving to their number in the night, the resembl- 
ance of massed trooj^ers. It was these ponies wont. . ml 
night, to wander in a body over the Ishmd during ilic 
months when the moscjuiioes were most numerou.s. 
Shor^t, sturdy, string, shaggy, silent little fellows, muv- 
ii5g iii s(iuaus :ti)oiu ihe l-hiini. hiving upon ilie brushaiul 
sea weeds iouii'! .ilong the eo.-ist. Ott in the dav, tiK-ir 
mottled coais <hiiilnu^ in ihe sun, could thev be seen 
standing higli niujn some towering- sand dune, eating- the 

r-i. . ■»;y .-.M 

scant herbage and looking out their soft e\-es, inquiring 
I'ur the strolling band tarther up the beach, with the 
wind and spray from the ocean, swinging and tossing 
i:i wild abandon, their abundant manes and tails. 

Tiie shots tired by the tWvO sentinels from the bridge, 
!ias caused them to halt, undoubtedly, and evince re- 
i.i:L:i!i.:2 a^iliist caiitinued movement on the same line. 
.\s the command swung intrepidlv up to the front line of 
•Jic astonished ponies, one ot the men gave a shout and a 
ilirust of his bavonet towards them, when the nimble 
c'-caturcs wheeled swiftly aljout, kicking their tiny feet 
high in the air and throwing their sharp noses well for- 
ward, gadoped quickly down to the beach and when last 
>cen the moon was casting shadow pictures of their clus- 
tering grou[)s on the high sand ridges that line the shore 
at that [joint. 

If those little fellows had :i sense of the humorous and 
'■<) i!(I laugh — and who can say tliev hadn't? — they must. 
W!i-,*n safe from armed intrusion, have indulged tliem- 
"'.•ives in a good heartv horse laugh, as, in memory, they 
^aw the half clad arrav. in long stretched line, more in 
I'agged step, armed with the deiully weapons ot war and 
'» ivonets fixed, coming sternly towards them with our 
■•■ ive and venerable Captain leading the van. 

A'lMt'i^ lis:3v^'rel thc' cause of the inght attack 
^■'■iil a bloodless victory was ours, a shout of triumph 
■■"«c!it out that rolled over the sands to the bridge where 
• :ernb]ingly stood the anxious reserve, and was by them 
'-'•I'^L^ht u]) and when last heard its reverberations were 
^■•I'tnderinif throutih the cook's barrack to ])e lost amid 
-;k' pails, p.-ins, and unused muskets of those fearless 
" 'MS of Hector. 

<'>ii.n in aitcr vcars, retumnig from the great contlict 
■- • "'.ir noriliorn homes, amid .-dl the scenes, uiculenLs iind 
'•'vt-nls of that tnighty epoch; its trophies of triumphs, its 

•i-^-^ of strile. its dreadiul wreckage f)f life and limb, its 


■^^ -i': ^-ir. -y.^ •.•7'?l Ittr.-.'. 

score of battles, none of these so stirred our hearts as 
when we looked up to our shot torn banner and : 
saw, in its moving folds, in golden grandeur, this legend, ; 
"The Night Attack on Hatteras." 

Thus on Hatteras came, famed Island of the Sea. 

Our company's first night attack through genial 
White and me. 


A Picket Capiured. 


Near Charleston, Va., while on guard along the rail- 
road, I was on the last Infantry post next to to'wu 
(Charlestown, Va.,) and next the 12th Regt. Pa. Cavalry 
picket. Alosbv's men came on their post near town: caj)- 
tured their horses and killed part of their men. They 
tried it again and again; the cavalry boys always ran 

One night Comrade Whitney, who was on the same post 
with me, went down to the cavalry ])OSt, stole along the 
railroad and when opposite the guard raised up and as 
the guard challenged him answered "1 am a rebel, get olt 
that horse and lay down your arms." Whitney came 
back to outpost with his prisoner in his shirt sleeves, 
shivering and begging for life, supposing he was in AIos- 
bv's hands. "Oh," he said, "let me go; I never hurt ar.y 
of you, and I wouldn't have come dt)wn here only I ha<! 
t(^." After we had laughed and had what fun we wanted. 
Whitnev told him \\-hat a coward he was and sent him 
bnck to his post VN-ith this charge: "Xcxt time v<iu see an 
encmv coming do yon fire." The giiaiul was thanktul 
and promised he would do his duty next time it it cost 
him his life. 


Reception at New York. 


About March 10th or 12th (1S65) we took a steamboat 
(from Bermuda Hundred), our service ended, ourcontracl 
with the government fulhlled. We had served faithfully 
through these three long years of suffering, of pleasure, 
battles, hardship and wonderful experiences, and now it 
was all over and we were returning to our loved ones at 
home. I must confess I was not over anxious to leave 
our associates who had re-enlisted behind and after I 
had reached home I regretted 1 had not remained with 
the regiment till the war was ended as we all knew when 
we left the army that the "Johnnies" could not hold out 
much longer. 

On our arrival at Xew York we landed at the foot of 
Canal Street and went down to the Battery nearthefoot 
of Broadway, where we were received b}- the 9th X. Y. 
Yols.,(IiawkinsZouaves), who escorted us up Broadwav 
through a multitude of peo])le. This was a proud day 
tor us. The several bands played, the people shouted all 
sorts of greetings to our gallant sixty-five men who bure 
the old battered flag along through thc'.t immense crowd 
ot loval Americans. How the crowd did cheer that old 
tlag and the few grim veteraris as we marched along. 
One could hear such expressions as these: "Glory, glory, 
to such men." "Ain'tthey dandies ?" "Just look at those 
Ijoys." "See that flag all torn in pieces." "See the bullet 

liolcs." "Ain't you glad to get back to your mama?" 
■ ind manv more kind expressions which I ciinnot remen)- 

We marched up Broad wa_\ to 0th Street, then East to 
I'owery, down Bowery to Xo. 14-U, where a griind dinner 

I'v.iiied us. S}'ccclits were made and we drank cham- 
pagne, Ijeer ami other stull. After dinner we were march- 
ed over on Howard street, where the State kej^t a hotel 
i^T {|iiartering returned soldiers from the frO!U. 

:|-»"V '2^ T/1 

On the 20th day of March we were mustered out of the 
service of our country and from the grandest volunteer 
army the world ever saw. After I had received mv dis- 
charge paper and the last pay 1 was real sorry, for I 
liked the life of a soldier; really I knew nothing about 
battling civil life and did not know where to commence. 

On the 21st our little band of twelve or fifteen men who 
lived in the vicinity of Elmira, N. Y., took the Erie rail- 
road train for that city, which we had left just three 
years ago to a dav almost one hundred strong. 


Its Organization and Meetings. 

The Veteran Association of Company I, 103d Regi- 
ment, X. Y. State Vols., was formed in 1888, and held its 
first reunion at Elmira, X. Y.. on September 19th of that 
year. It was the result of talks between comrades resid- 
ing in Elmira, notably Comrades Orvis and Hibbard. who 
often met and discussed the subject between them. On 
July -4th, ISSO). a few of the boys v/ere received bv Com- 
rade Gardner C. Hibbard at his home in Elmira, at which 
time steps were taken to hold a j)ermanent reunion 
There were present Mr. Hibbard, Charles T. Ostrander, 
Joseph Wade, William Smith, and Sam A. Pavne. but no 
time of meeting was arranued. 

During the summer of 18N8 Orvis and Hib])ard ar 
ranged to call a meeting by writing to ris nianv of tJic 
boys as they were al)le to obtain postofiice addresses, to 
which twelve fornicf ir.cmbers of the companv responded, 
viz.: Captain Croby of LJinghani ton, Isi 
(k-orgc A. Hu.^<cv or Xcw York, i:. P.. Jcflers of Puffalo. 
X. Y., Horace H. Polt of Cannonsville. X. Y., fames P. 
Lormore of Drydcn. X Y., Lucius L. Mowt-r of Mans- 


ciOTP.-.v to vi^' I '.y-: •;;t: nO 

ii'jKl. Pa., Orin R. \Yhitne\- of Brooklyn, X. Y., William 
baiith of Elinira, James H. Stoughton of Keynoldsville, 
X. Y., Emerson F. Orvis and Gardner C. Hibbard of El- 
nnra, and Orville S. Kimball of Osceola, Pa. 

The meeting was held in a large hall on Water Street, 
and dinner was served at the Alain Street bridge restau- 
rant, conducted by George P. Webb, (Mrs. Webb was a 
"lister of 1st Sergeant Wilbur of Compau}- I) (deceased.) 
.\l this meeting rides of organization were adopted, ofH- 
cors for the year elected, and sufficient arrangements made 
lor the continuance ot these annual reunions. Captain 
Crosby was unanimously elected president, but declined 
the honor. Comrade Hibbard was then chosen president 
and Comrcide Orvis secretary and treasurer 

At this meeting steps were taken to gather data for a 
i!i>:.ory or historical record of the company, iind Com- 
raile-Whitnev was chosen to continue at the next meetin<r 
tile work begun by Comrade Hibbard in his address of 
welcome. Letters of regret were read from 1st Lieutenant 
Gcorure T. Dudley and Corporal Henry O. Wilbur. This 
lavvtir.g was adjourned to meet at W^itkins, X. Y., on 
September 17, 18S9, the anniversary of the b^'ttle of An- 
li.tam, Md. 

I iic second annual reunion was lield atWatklns <it time 
'•: '.aicd. and was attended ]jy fourteen mcm1.)crs, viz.: 
I'adley, Hibbard, Lormore, Flovv-er. Swick, Stoughton, 
Satherland, Wade. Charles Ostrander, Burnham, Har- 
;'--i!!iing, Orvis. E. A. and r.enjnmin Dennison. The ofh- 
v:-Ts ul the previous vear were re-elected, and in addition 
^•■vuLenant Dudley was elected Vice-President. Comrades 
i-"r;nore. Flower, Sntlicrkand, Boll, and Eils were elected 
• Council of .Admirii.stianon. A^'nual dues were fixed :it 
'ikv cents per memboiv .Vt tliis meeting a connniLtee. 
^^':;>;^t.iug of Co;;i;-a(ies 1 1 iijlri; (1. Orvis, Whitne}'. EiU. 
' -'i l>^idl..-y were elected Lo attend the ricxL rcginierital 
= " lai )ii of the lOMd Kc<'iment iw Xew York. 


ux3. . f 

In the way of literary exercises Comrade Stoughton 
read an original poem. A committee on history was ap- 
pointed, consisting of Comrades Dudle\', \Yhltney, and 
Stoughton. A vote of thanks was given to Lieutenant 
Dudley for badges furnished by him, and to Comrade 
Swick for the bountiful repast enjoyed bv all. The next 
meeting was b\- vote directed to be held at Elmira, N. Y., 
August 5th, 1S90, the memorial of the death of 2d Lieu- 
tenant W. L. Dudley at Hatteras Island, N. C. A photo- 
graph was made of those present in a group. Letters 
were received and read from Comrades Georoe A. Hussev 
and Henry Eils; also a letter from the Commander of 
Benjamin Ringold Post, Xo. 283, New York Citv. 

• The third annual reunion of the Association was held 
at the Armory Building, Elmira, being attended bv Com- 
rades Crosby, Dudley, Kimljall, Lormore, Flower, 
Stoughton, \Yescott, Sutherland, Milton T. Tvrrell, Burn- 
ham, Jacob Stage, Payne, Wood, Longwell; William 
Smith, Charles Ostrander, Wade, A. H. Carev, Hibbard 
and Orvis, the largest attendance of comrades of ;inv of 
our reunions. Comrade Stoughton askc d to be excused 
from turther service on the Committee on Historv, and 
Comrade Kimball was flesignated to hll tlie vacancy. 
Comrade Crosby was also added to the CDnimittee as if^ 
cliairman. The officers ot last year were re-elected, find 
Comrade Kimball was added to the list ns Corresponding 
Secretary. Mrs. Crosby was at this meeting introduced 
to those ])resent. and was received l)y a rising vote ^is an 
honorary member of tlie Association. It was also votc(i 
that the fcimilics of the "boys" be urgcnth- invited to be 
present at tlie next reunion, and the sccretnrv w iis in- 
>tructed to |iroeure s"_',ita}ile badges iw tlie men. hers f .' 
tiu- Ass^K-iaLioii. 'I'Ik- ti:nc :i:Ki phu'c Um' hol:ii:ig -lie next 
reunion was by vote ii.\.ed on Sci)tc;nbcr Utli at Ehuiia, 
and C<»:iiradcs Hibbaril, ()r\is and Pavne were nan.e<.l as 


1. 1 .1 lo V •• ^^ V'- J r. 

;i committee of" arrangements. The treasurer reported : 

Cash on hand from last meeting $5 00 

Received dues 8 50 

Paid for dinners $4 00 

Paid SO Evening Star papers 40 

Package paper wrappers 28 

Badges 11 06 15 74 

The fourth annual reunion was held at the same place 
(»n September 30, 1891. Comrades present: Crosb\-, 
ilibbard, Orvis, Kimball, Tyrrell, Stoughton, Flower, 
Longwell, Dickerson, Wcjod, Lormore, Sutherland, Wes- 
cott, Lamoreaux, Jacob Stage and Payne. A number of 
wives and families of the "boys" were present, and by 
vote were made honorary members of the Association, 
viz.: Mrs. Longwell, Mrs. Stage, "Mrs. Wood, Mrs. O. S. 
ivimbail, son Crnest H. Kiml3all and wife, Mrs. Tyrrell, 
Mrs. Crosbv, Mrs. Lamoreaux. Airs. Flower, Mrs. Wcs- 
cott, Mrs. Dickerson and boy. Miss Stoughton, and Seba, 
-on of Comrade Orvis. 

The afternoon session was adjourned to Eldridge Park, 
iho officers of the ])revious year were unanimously re- 
<-"icrcted. Capt. Crosbv read achapter of liistory of Company 
I from organization until May, 1S(>2. Letters were read 
i.'orn Comrades Dudlev and Dunbiam. Comrade Stough- 
i":i read a ])ocm. The time o^" the next reunion was left 
'•) the cn.ll of the president and secretar\- at Elmira. 
rrc:isnrer reported $8 75 received for dues, expended for 
b idges $2.85, leaving a balance on hand of $3.76. At 
iSiis meeting two negatives were made, one of the com- 
!"-i'los ])rescnt (group), another of comrades and their 
• •i!uilies. 

rile fifth annual reunion was held at Elnura in Lldridge 
5''rlc August ')lst. L'^IVJ, ,^in interesting scs'^ion, ijut tb.e 
■'Ui.'n;iancc was not given bv name in the minutes ot the 
•'^'^^ociation. Cai)i. Cr(,isbv continued the historical 
''•oi'k, reading a ])apcr j^ircparcd by 1st Lieut. Dudley. 


.1 I .<». • '-'J ir, . V) 

subject, the outpost picket duty at Evans Mill, N. C. 
and trip to Ihittcras Island. A vote of thanks was given 
Comrade Dudley for the same. A letter from 1st Lieut. 
Husseygave au account of the raid on James Island, S.C. 
July, 18(34. Letters of regret from Comrades D. W. Ca- 
rey, and E, B. Jcfiers were also read . The present officers 
were re-elected, and it was voted to meet at Elmira in 
1S93, at the call of the President and Secretary. 

The sixth and seventh reunions, 1S93 and 1894-, were, 
by invitation of Comrade Orvis and lamilv, held at his 
pleasant home, 602 Ferine street. Elmira' At each of 
these gatheri],-s an elaborate dinner was given by the 
host and hostess and most pleasant occasions enjoved. 
Almost everything that could add to the pleasure of their 
many gr:ests was furnished. 

At the sixth reunion, .Master Ray Hodson, the bov ora- 
tor of wide reputation, gave some recitations, and was 
most heartily ap])lauded. 

Comrades D. W. Carey and A.J. Leonard were present 
tor the first time. The former with his violin gave fine 
selections in c-ddition to the excellent music icrdcrcd by 
Comrade Orvis' family and friends present. 

Lieut. Dudley nnd Comrade Kimball were aT^i^ointed a 
committee and reporterl resolutions expressiro- the sen.-e 
of the Assoei.Mion fur the manner in which wc\ave been 
entertained by Comrade Orvis and famdv. Letters of 
regret were re:;d fromComrades llessev. Hill Ma-ee Bolt 
Tyrrell and Stin-vclj. Comrades;ent-CroJ]3v' Dud- 
ley, Dunliam. Cu-ey, Leonard. Wolcott, Sutherland Lam- 
oreaux. Lon^-..dl. liibhnrd. Ki,ni)all. Wood, Flower 
Stoughion. Orvi.. Many ■ of the tamiHes were 
Mso pre<eni.addn>g very n.neh to the enjoymert of the 


At i:u->even'h rcimioa CM:ura<Ie SnlKvell wa^ present 

1'.- the ;.rsin..c, having con:cfroK: Iowa to meet with 
I he bovs. 

(.? ■.■>'f: .1- 

A committee was appointed consisting of Comrades 
Kimball, Wcscott and Stilhvell, to report resolutions on 
the death otCapt. Crosby, which occurred February 9th, 
189 Jr,. Comrade Hibbard read a paper entitled, "The 
Night Attack at Camp Wiufield." Airs. Crosby was 
present and gave the Captain's last message to his 
"bo3's." Addresses were made by Comrades Hibbard 
andStoughton. The treasurer's report showed a balance 
on hand of $13.14-. 

The eighth annual reunion was held at Grove Park, El- 
mira, Aug. 30, 1S95, and was in the nature of a basket 
picnic. Comrades present — Lamoreaux, Ward. Wade, 
Geo. Ostrander, Kimball, Wcscott, Eils, Whitney. Lor- 
more. Flower, Payne, Hibbard, Wood, Sutherland, Har- 
pending. Dunham, Cooper. Longwell and Orvis. Com- 
rades Eils, Dunham and Ward were present for the hrst 
time- Letters were read from Airs. Crosby, Thomas 
Cuddeback, A. H. Cummins. D. AI. 'Jickerson, H. H. Bolt 
and Lieut. Dudlcw. 

Resolutions on the death of Capt. Crosby were read, 
approved and a copy ordered to be sent to Airs. Crosby. 

The officers were re-elected, viz: President, G. C. Hib- 
bard; vice-president. Geo. T. Dudlev; corresponding secre- 
tary, 0. S. Kimball; recording secretary and treasurer. 
E. Orvis. 

At this meeting Comrade Kimball was instructed to 
prepare and have printed annuallv a ]iamphlct (histori- 
cal I at a cost not to exceed S2v).00 Remarks were nuide 
by Comrades Eils. Whitney, Wade, Payr.e, Orvis. Kimlall 
and Wcscott. 

The i^laceof the next reunion was fixed l^y vote at (Trove 
i'arl:, Elmira. at the call of the President and Secretary. 

The treasurer rcTiorted: Or liar.d last meeting. S13.14; 
received ibr dues, .ST. 50: paid for 2~) badges and ribbon. 
S.s. ,')."): balanceon iu.nd. 811.79 

The riitith annual .\ssociation ir.cetii^g was held at ib^c 


!. ;j{ii. 

, \ 

place appointed Sept. 20th, 1896. Comrades present- 
Kimball, Dongwell. Dunham and wife, Sutherland and 
wile, Wood, wife and daughter.Wescott, wife and daughter, 
Happening and wife, Geo. Ostrander, Wade. Flower and 
wife, Cooper and wife, Lamoreaux, wife and three chdd- 
ren: Orvis, wife, son and daughter, Mrs. Jesse S. Buchan- 
an and two children, Eils and wife, Mrs. Hibbard and 

The president and vice-president both he'mg absent, 
Secretary Orvis eddied the meeting to order and Comrade 
Lamoreaux was elected chairman for the day. 

Letters of regret were read from Mrs. Crosby, Comrades 
JetTers. Hussey, Whitney and Hibbard. 

The officers elected were: President, E. Orvis; secretary 
and treasurer, F. Westcott; corres])ondirg secretarv. 0. 

S. Kimball. 

The ninth unnurd reunion was held in Grove Park Sept. 
G, 1S96. Comrades pre.-^cnt were Kimball, Longwell; 
Dunham and wife, Sutherland and wife. Wood and witc 
and daughter, Wescott and wife and two daughters. 
Harpendiiig and .vifc. (Jstrander, Wa<le, Flower and v;ife. 
Cooper and wife. Lamoreaux. wife and tlirec children. 
Orvis, wiie and two chihlrcn, Ellis arid wife, Mrs. Hibbard 
and daugiitcr. 

Letters were read from Mrs. Crosby and Comrades 
Tellers, llusscv. Whiiney and Hibbard. 

Officers were elected as follows: President, E. Orvis; 
vice-presiden.t; v ■ Wescott; secretary ar.d treasurer. F. 
Wescoit. eone^! ondlng s'. erelary, O S. Kimball. 

Comr.ide Ki;nl..d! \va^ iusinicled to mai<ethe historical 
pamijhlet as comj/lcte as j'ossiblc at a cost not to exceed 
fifty dollars. 

T;ic tr'.-risurer r-.-nnrti.'d: e.-fsli on hand at la«t meeting. 
^"11.7'J; re-'.i\ 1 1! div luu-v, >r, ."'>: iiillol e.\]!enscs Irom 
Ct>atradc Kunoall .>9.(/h jKiid. leaving a i.ialar.ce of S'J.l-'J 
o n hand. 

.o('r' ! ,■ , C .!a--ri ' •** ' f 

'j':: '/ 

The tenth annual reunion \\'as held in Grove Park Au- 
gust 27, 1897. Comrades present were Lon<^\Yell, Tyrrell, 
Ostrander, Wade, Cooper, Bolt, Lormer, Orvis and son, 
Kimball, wife, and two daughters, Wood and wife,\Yilber 
and sister, Stoughton, wife and daughter, Wescott and 
wife, Sutherland and wife, Flower and wife. 

The same officers were elected for another year. The 
history was discussed by the comrades. 

Treasurer reported cash on hand, S9.29; received for 
dues, $7.50. Paid to Comrade Kimball for expenses, 
$8.00. Balance, $8.79. 

Eleventh annual reunion was held at Grove Park Aug. 
28, 1898. Those present were Wescott and wife, Orvis, 
son and two daughters. Flower, son and daughter, Mrs. 
Crosb}', Mrs. J. Mack, Mrs. O. S. Spellman and son, H. 
C. Dunham, Airs. Jesse Buchanan and two daughters, 
Stoughton and wife, Longwell, Wood and wife. Wade 
and daughter. Ida Grace Kiml)all, Lamoreaux and wife, 
Mrs. Benjamin, Air. Aliller. Minnie Wood. MarthaWood. 
llattie Burris. Etta Burris. Airs. H. Orvis, Air. VanTuyle. 

Communications were read iVoni Lieut. Dudley and 
Comrade Hibbard. 

Officers were re-elected for another year. History ques- 
tion was again discusseil at length. 

Treasurer reported amount on hand, $8.79; amotmt 
received for dues, S-1.75; bill paid to corresponding secre- 
Larv for jjostage and stationery to the amount of SI. 70; 
amount in treasury 81 1.78. 

The twelfth annual reunion was lield at the home ot 
Comrade Orvis, on Ferine Street, Elmira, X. Y. The com- 
rades were welcomed by waving flags, and 
Or\-is and familv made everv one feel at home. Tliose 
prosetit were Mrs. Ilibbard .-ind daughter. Ellis and wife. 
Wood and familv, Or\-ls and familv, IIar])ending and 
wile, Suthji'huid ein<l vv'lfc, Longwoil, Stougliion ami 
wile, Lamoreaux and wile, Flower, wife and son, Kim- 


■ I 


ball, wife and two daughters, Wescott iind wife, Mr- 
Buchanan and family. Communications were read froi:: 
Mrs. Crosby, D. \Y. Carey, C. M. Carej-, Isaac T. Germaii. 
Lieutenant Hussey. Comrades Hill and Simpson, Cor- 
poral Eils and Mrs. Cummings. 

The officers were re-elected for another year. It _\vn^ 
ordered that Comrade Kim.ball collect all thesketclit- 
that he could before April 1st, 1900, and that after thr<i 
no sketches be accepted. That the cost of the books he 
ascertained without the cost of the individual engravings 
and the money be paid to the treasurer before the con- 
tract forthe books to be printed be given. 

Treasurer's report as follows: Amount on hand, 
^11.78. received for dues, $6; received of Comrade 
Stoughton for plate for the history, $1.50; paid to Cor- 
responding Secretary, $3. Total in treasury, $16.28. 



Colonel Ringold. lOod Regiment, Xew York St£ite Vol- 
■ unteers. (Seward Infantry,) was born in Duoslinuer. 
% Kingdom of Wurtcniberg, Germany, June tUh. 1S2S. Af- 
ter a brief period c>f residence in the Usiited States he 
^ joined the regular army, in \\-hich he served until ahcr.: 
.. the breaking out of the rebellion in 1861 In the fall t' 
C that 3'ear and the spring ot 1.^02 he was cngiigcd in rc- 
P cniiting a com]);iny tor the lOod Regiment, and commi- 
■ilf sionetl captain January -I, lsi;2. With his rci:in}ent he 
-■ s^oon afier cmi).-ir!:od witlt ihc lUii'iisidc c.\]^0(]ition i' ' 
V X'>rLh C^irolina. reiurning Norih in ihc fill. ;ii.(i, with I i -• 
• 9th Army Corp.<. took in the hloodv hatiles of Soutl. 
Monntaiii am! .\ntictam. Md.. and Fredcricksbur'^, \';' 

jf^i; 1) ->•/, 


^,in».jmvt»^*: i'^i^^*mm 

%t Mniftr-^i-'"- ■'--'-^-■'a^ -^iii- ^" ■< 


N. T. Vols., died May 3rd. 2863, mortally wounded in the 
battle o£ Suffolk, Va 


Meanwhile he had on June 13, 1862, been promoted Alajor 
oi his regiment. Was again promoted Alarch 5th, 1S63, 
to Colonel. He was mortally wounded MaySd, 1S63, 
while gallantly leading his regiment in an assault at Suf- 
folk, Va., in an endeavor to capture a battery. His re- 
mains, with due military escort, were taken to Fortress 
Monroe, Va., thence to New York City, and buried in the 
old National cemetery, Cypress Hill, Brooklyn, X. Y. 
Over his remains rests a handsome testimonial, erected 
"as a loving tribute" by the officers and enlisted men he 
had so gallantly led in dread battle's storm, and he will 
ever be most tenderly remembered by the survivors ot the 
command. Company I has reason to know his worth as 
only soldiers can understand what high value to put 
upon an officer who is able and tearless. 


Captain Crosbv was born at Phelps, Ontario County, 
X. \'., in 1S17. He completed his education, graduating 
at Geneva (now Hobart) College, and took the profession 
of teaching. In 1S50— '51 he in charge of the public 
schools at Painted Post. X. Y., but soon after went to 
Binghamton, X. Y., taking charge of Carroll Street 
School, which he re-organized on the union or graded 
l)L'in, the tirst in that city, and conducted it m.ost suc- 
cessfully f(jr a number of A-ears. 

He was twice married. I'irst to Mary, daughter ot 
Imlev Prescott of Geneva, X. Y., bv whoni he had one 
• laughter, Anna Maria, who died April 2d. 1S88. He 
was married a second time, Xovember 21st. 184-9. to 
Phebe Anna, daughter of Henry J. Lambert. One sou 
was the fruit of this marriage, William IM., born Sc[)t.em- 
!jcr 2d, 185'); grew to nKi:;hf)od; v.-as an attorney at 
h';\v, practicing in his nati\e cii\ ol i'inglianiton, X. Y. He 
was a very successful pension attorney. He died Oct(jber 
21st. 1892. his \\itc surviving without children. 


.•;| MO 


The subject of this sketch was one of the professors in 
Caldwell's Coninicrcial College, Elmira, X. Y., when the 
rebellion broke out in ISGl. During the latter part of 
that year he received authority from the Governor of 
New York State, and as well from Colonel Egloffstein, 
commanding the 103d Regiment, New York Volunteers, 
then being formed at New York City, to enlist a company 
of volunteers, and opened an office in Elmira for that 
purpose. This conipan\' was to be designated Company 
1, 103d Regiment, New York Volunteers. 

liis success was assured from the first, his plan being 
to call to his standard strone voungmenofasoodde":reeof 
intelligence, who were able to stand the hard dutv of 
campaigning, flence the medical examination was very 
exacting. These were busy days for Captain Crosbv, 
providing for all the necessities, drill, etc., of his rapidlv 
growing comj^any, unaided, till its organization". 

On March 12th he was invited to the rooms of Prof. 
Cauldwell at Elmira. where his friends surprised him In- 
presenting him with a fine sword. Nine davs later he was 
ordered v.ith his company to join the regiment at Wash- 
ington, I). C. and on the afternoon of March 21st pro- 
ceeded by rail, reacliing there ori the 22d,and on the 24-th 
was received by the regiment and encamped at Meridian 
Hill, near the city, where arms and equipments were fur- 
nished. From this time the history of Comj)anv I Vv as 
Ca[)tain Cr(>sl)y"s recor*!. lie shared the fatin^ues and 
privations ol a soldier's liie, in camp, in Ijivouac, or ac- 

July 2<Hti, IS;',:;, Cap'ain Crosl)y, with Lieutenants 
Wasscr riiui Staid and si.\ men, was detailed to proceed to 
Rickcr's Island, Nev.- Xo'.k Harbor, the rendezvous of tlie 
drafted or con^orir.tcd nicn. for the purpose of brinuinL;' 
baek ci!(;:i-li me:! to lill tlu; depleted ranks of the compa- 
nies ofthe ln,;d k.giment. i Ls«;. i U^^ started the next 
day and was on duty till June 3rd. 1<S04-, when ilie 

>. -'"d".' '. ) 1 >::> , ". odT 

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, < ''tiliinl<^i"WdiiliiirM<« iii I iir 


detail received orders to rejoin the regiment at Folly Is- 
land, S. C. During this time Captain Crosby was on 
duty at the draft rendezvous. He was sent out on two 
occasions with conscripts, once to Hilton Head, S. C, at 
which time he took occasion to visit his old companv for 
a da}' and another trip to Alexandria, Va., and Washing- 
ton, D. C. 

Capt. Crosby arrived at the camp of the 103d Regi- 
ment on Sundav, June 12, 1S64, and again assumed com- 
mand of his old compaiiV. 

The short but hot campaign on James Island June 30 
to July 12 followed. 

On August 6th the resignation of Capt. Crosbv (sent 
in July 19th) was accepted, and on the 12th he bid ''good 
bye" to the boys and started north, where he again eu- 
ji>yed the comforts of his home and familv to which he 
was so mujh attached, and which were all the more en- 
dearing after his long absence. His business again needed 
and received his attention. 

The first part of the following year, however, he was 
appointed by President Lincoln as captain of companv A, 
~>i\\ regiment U. S. Reserve Corps and again went into 
ilie service till mustered out at the close of the war. 

•Vker returning home he orgariixed and commanded the 
>i:\ih Battery. X. G. S. X. Y.. at Binghamton. for several 
years. In ISTO he was elected Justice of the Peace in his 
ii'ime city, serving the full term. During President Cleve- 
i.'ud's administration he was a])pointed Deputv United 
^^f ttes Marsh.'d. He was a [>ron:incnt member of the 
Masonic fraternity, cHmbing the ladder to the hiiihest 
•i-"-;rce. He received the 33d degree about two vears be- 
ti'Tc iiis death 

-Vt the close f.'f the war lie was breveiterl major. He 
'vas ;;lso op.c ol' the orgam;:ers of ihe societv "Union 
'•eicran Union" Department of Xew York, and was not 
only Colonel oi Dickinson Command Xo. 10 <.)f his citv, 


) ft o- .■; 

!;1; u L. 

lyi i; 

J r • ! ; 


but was Deputy Commander and also Chaplain of the 
Department of New York and a National Officer ot the 

He died February 9th, 1S94-, at his home in Bingham- 
ton, N. Y.. the result of a complication of chronic bowel 
trouble, from which he had long suffered. Mrs. Crosby 


Was bom in the city of Elmira, N. Y., Dec. 18th, 1840, 
the Youngest son of Ward and Sally Dudley. He was 
educated in the district schools, with the exception of six 
months schooling at the Waverly Institute at AVaverly, 
N. Y., in 1858, where he was then living. At the close of 
the winter term he carried oft' the prize for excelling in 
declamation, the compeditors numbering about 30. He 
taught school for six months and May 1st, 1860, entered 
the emplov of Preswick & Dudley, booksellers, in Elmira, 
N. Y. In response to the President's call for 75,000 men 
at the outbreak of the rebellion, at a war meeting held in 
Concert Hall .April 23d, il 861, Lieut. Dudley volunteered 
for three months and his name was No. 5 on the list ot 
those who went to the trout troin Elmira. The Southern 
Tier Ritles, the crack military company of western New 
York, volunteered, about twentv (20) of them, and Lieut. 
Dudley cast his fortunes with them. Captain Hotinian 
(Barney ) at once orgaTu;^cd a regiment, tlie 23d N. Y.\'ols., 
and was commissicuicd colonel of it. His old ccnqany 
became Company K in the same. This regiment was 
mustered into t!:0 service o\ the I'riitcd Sta.tts Mav 20th, 
lor two years, llie call tor tlirce months men luiving been 
filled before the oigani7aii(ti ol tl.e icii.'nci.t \\asc<:u> 

Tins t(.-giii:eiU reached \\ aslnngtc-u. D.C., }idv Ttli, 
crossed into X'trL-^inia July 21st. Lieut . 1 Uidlev purehascd 

-i, ,:.> 

■'.'J .to 


(At enlistment.) 

a copy of the -"tactics," and by hard study and a close 
attention to drilling, soon became one of the best drilled 
members of the regiment, and fitted to occupy a more ex- 
alted position than "high private in the rear rank." 

February, 22nd, 1862, Lieut. Dudley was discharged 
to accept the position of First Lieutenant in company 
I. 103rd Regiment, N. Y. Vols., then being organized by 
Captain \Vm. AL Crosb_v, in Elmira, and joined the com- 
pany on the 27th. 

He at once took charge of the drillinjj, and when the 
compan}' left tor Washington, 2vlarch 21st, it was highly 
complimented for its appearance and marching. 

The regiment sailed for Newberne, X. C , Alarch 2Sth, 
on the steamer Ericson, and arrived there April 1st. 
.\L-iy 21st, after a week's picket duty at Evans' Mills, 
company I, with companies E and K, of our regiment, 
was sent to Hatteras Island. N. C, and went into camp 
:i!)out three nnles up the island, at Camp Winfield. June 
1st Lieut. Dudley was taken with typhoid fever, and was 
^cllt to the hospital June 6th, where he remained until 
July 6th. 

August 8th, he left for the North on the steamer Al- 
f'Hny, with the remains of his brother. 2nd Lieut. William 
L. Dudley, who dietl Aug. 5th, of typhoid fever, and ac- 
"-'Hnpanicd them to Elmira, N. Y., whcrethey were laid at 
r-'st in Woodlawn Cemetery. 

Sickness from chills and fever prevented the subject of 
-'lis sketch from returning to Hatteras until September, 
^uid when he arrivetl there, on the 9th, the company had 
''-■It for Washii>gton. Dudlev followed at once, through 
■'lO ship canal to Norfolk, thence to Baltimore, and think- 
'•'i; that the com[)any had joined the regiment in ALarv- 
•'*'d. started nt once for .\ntietam, via Frederick. Md., 
■'■'''i readied the regiment September 21st. Major Ring- 
•%•!-!, commanding the regiment, at once promoted Dud- 
'<^y to Captain, and the company not having yet arrived, 


1 ' r 

^I '>d 

oj yjti^'- 

detailed him as Adjutant. Taken with malarial fever, by 
advice he resigned his commission and returned home. 

He ao-ain entered the store of Preswick & Dudley, ai 
Elmira, and remained with them until Nov., 1863, when he 
assisted in organizing company M, 50th N. Y. Vol. Engi- 
neers, and February -tth, 1S64-, was commissioned First 
Lieutenant of the company. This regiment had been 
in the service since August, lSr)2. The Colonel of the- 
regiment having received authority to increase it to 
twelve companies, with a maximum strength ot 150 men 
each, companies L and M were formed The last of Feb- 
ruary Lieut. Dudley, with his company, joined the regi- 
ment at \Vashingt(m, took an active ])art in the cam- 
paigns of the Army of the Potomac, commencing May 
4, 1864. and ending with the surrender of the rebel Gen- 
eral Lee, at A[)pomatox C. H., helping to build the pon- 
toon bridge at Germania Ford, May 5th. crossing the 
armv into the Wilderness, and also assisting in buikliiig 
at Cole's Ferry the pontoon bridge, about 2,100 feet in 
lenoth, the longest one ever built with boats. 

June 21st, is<)i, b.e assumed command of his company, 
and until fanuarv 9th, ]8()5, was engaged in construct- 
ino- the line of forts from the Appomatox river to the lelt 
of the line in front of Petersburg, Va, among them Forts 
McGilvery, Hell, risher and others. 

January 9th, 1S65. he was appointed ambulance offi- 
cer, Engineer I'rigadc, on the start of General H. W. 
Benham, with lieadrpiarturs at City Point. About noon, 
April orel, P^Ik"), 'n.arnini^' tlia*. Richmond was ours, Lieiu. 
Dudlev rode up to that city registering at the S]jotts- 
wood tPucl, his name appearing on the op])osite page ol 
the Confederate oilieers wiio registered on the previous 
dav. I*rice oi board, ^7,0 no in Conferlcrnte money, SC5.'**' 
in greenb,-(elv>. !;e;n:t'.num over ni::!>t.tlie next (ia\-, with 
other oftlecrs. \\c ro*ie to ilie K'l-ekctis to meet President 
Lincoln, and .u-oonipanied him to the Jeff Davis mansion. 

■> -I 

If I i. . ;-fi jv, 

■!i. ••>', 





and was there introduced to him. Lieut. Dudley will 
never forget the hearty grasp of the President's great, 
l.)road hand, and his cordial "I am very glad to meet 
von." After partaking of a glass of wine from Jeff Da- 
vis' cellar, he accom^ianied the President around the city 
to the Rocketts, where Air. Lincoln boarded the steamer 
^L'dveru to return to Cit3- Point. He returned to Cit\' 
Point with the kev of the clock, a pair of handcufis from 
Llbby prison and a pair of anklets from Castle Thunder. 

Lieut. Dudle\- was mustered out of service of the United 
States with his regiment at Elmira, N. Y., June 13th. 

His choicest })ossessions are two swords, one jjresented 
lo him by his "boys." of companv I, 103rd Regiment, N. 
V. Vols., before leaving" Elmira for the front; the other a 
gitt from his "boys," of companv \1, 50th Regiment. N. 
V. Vols., Engineers, at a cost of $125.00, soon after 
their arrival in Washington. 

It is a great pleasure to Lieut. Dudley that each and 
cverv member of both company I and company M, with 
iJiit one exception, remem.ber him with affectionate re- 
gard, forthe reason that he never abused them and would 
T'Ot permit others to do so. Ten months' service as a 
])rivate, under a Captain who soon lost the respect of the 
lest men in his company, who were his superiors in 
everything except raidc, led Dudley to resolve that if he 
^"ver did wear shoulder straps he would treat his men 
hkc men. This resolve he carried out. and, adopting the 
''-ying of the Kentuckian in "Uncle Tom's Cabin," 
"Treat them like dogs and you'll have dc^gs' actions, but 
'feat them like men and you'll have men's actions, "he 
ircatcd his men "wliite," and at their annuid reunions no 
•'•le meets with a more cordial greeting than Lieut. Dud- 


Atier muster out ot service, he engaged in the merean- 
-ilc business at .\(itlis(^n, X. V. In November, 1SG5, he 


f • .i;i o; 

,'.•/; ):i»l 

u\ \. 

was married to Miss Elizabeth L. Lawrence, a member 
of the Society oi Friends, at Trenton, N. T-, a daufrli- 
ter of James and Rebecca C. Lawrence, a descendant of 
that celebrated Quaker, or Friend, John Woolman. In 
1867, his health having broken down, he gave up business 
and spent a year at the home of his wife's parents, near 
Trenton, N. J. In June, 1S6S, he engaged in the book 
business in Trenton, and in 1876 joined his brother 
James in the same business at St. Paul, Minn. 

In 1878 he recarneJ to New Jersey, residing in Trenton 
and Atlantic City until April, 1881, when he accepted an 
appointment as examiner in the Pension Bureau at Wash- 
ington, D. C, and still occupies that position. 

Lieut. Dudley has four children, viz.: W. L., editor and 
publisher of "Golfing," a monthly magazine devoted to 
the game of golf, in New York City; James L., Superin- 
tendent of a Bovs' Club at Holvoke. Mass.: Georc^e L 
assistmghis brother on his magazine, and Florence E. 
residing at home. 

Lieut. Dudley is a member of the G. A. R.. U. V. U., and 
a Knight Templar. Columbia Commanderv Xo. 2, of 
Washington, D. C. 


Was born in Elmira. X. Y.,Sept. 5,1838, a twin brother 
of Jas. Todd, junior member of the firm of Preswick & 
Dudley, of Elmira. X. Y., and a brother of Lieut. Geo. T. 
Dudley, ot Co. I. 103d Regt.. X. Y. Yols. He was a son 
of Ward Dudlev. who was a jjromineni mcrchrait in El- 
mira from 1830 to 1813. 

Lieut. Dudley was educated in the public schools of 
Horseheads and Waverly.X. Y. In the year 1^55 betook 
a course in bookkeeping at Eastman's Commercial Col- 
lege. Syracuse. X. v., ;md afLcrward snciu a winter in 
Florida te,-!ching bnoldvccping. I'l'r.n his rciui ii be was 
employed as a clerk in the dry goods store of \Y. E. Hnrt 



■ \\/. o. by. 



*'*'**^:l-* > 





m 1. b..i.-- .'.v?.^.-^..:i^.l»....^i-..2..;-i ^. ■--?'"-< ' I ^1j ii "" 


In the fall of 1861 he helped oro^anize a companv ifi 
Bradford Co.. Pcnn.. and was to be one of its Lieuten- 
ants but upon reaching Harrisburg was taken sick and 
returned home. He then learned photography. 

He was chosen by Co. I as their 2d Lieutenant in March 
upon the muster of Capt. Crosby as captain completing 
the organization of the company. 

Maj. A. T. Lee, mustering officer of the regular army, 
thoroughly disloyal and not to be trusted at the front, 
refused to muster him and he was compelled to return 
!rom Xewbern, X. C, for that purpose after the company 
nrrived there in 1862. He rejoined Co. I at Camp Win- 
ficld, Hatteras Island, in June, and in the absence of 1st 
Lieutenant, G.. T. Dudley, who was sick in the hospital 
nc the inlet, took charge of the drilling of the company. 

He was taken sick with chronic diarrhoea and typhoid 
fever about Julv 1st and died August 5th, '62. His re- 
mains were taken to Elmira, X. Y., by his brother Lieut. 
'"'CO. T. Dudlev. and interred in the family burial lot in 
ifreenwood cemetery. 

Lieut. Dudlev was a general favorite in society and his 
tieath was regretted bv a large circle of friends as well as 
by everv member of Co. L who remember him with affec- 
tionate reofard. 


Sketch of his services during the War of the Rebellion 
■•vith Company I, 103d Xew York Volunteers (Seward 
bifantry. ) 

His father was George Tuttle Hussey, and his mother 
"•"•as Marv Jane Alexander. Each resided in Xew York, 
X. V 

Gcor;:e Alexandcc Husscv wns born December 2;""), 18-4-3, 
i"i Xew York, X. Y.. and the cc>m|jlelion of his education 
'Vas stopped by the outbreak of the war in 1861, pre- 


,'h.' 1 I ')Hi !o \i- 'til n! 


viously having studied in public and private schools in 
and about Brooklyn, N. Y., and latterly in France and 
Germany. Was married at Brooklyn, N. Y., November 
25, 1875, to Carrie Elizabeth St. John, (her father being 
Reuben A. St. [ohn, mother Sarah Jane Renonde, resi- 
dence Brooklyn, N. Y.) There were no children born to 

First enlisted at New York as private in Company I, 
9th Regiment, N. Y. S. M., (83d New York Volunteers) 
Julv 17,1801, serving with the organization in Maryland 
and Virginia under Generals Banks, McDowell and Pope; 
taking part in engagements to wit: Harper's Ferr\-, 
Winchester, Front Royal, Rappahannock, Cedar Moun- 
tain, Thoroughfare Gap, and Second Bull Run, and at the 
latter battle, August 30, 1862, he received a wound in 
left breast. While at home, not quite convalescent, Pri- 
vate Hussey was introduced to Colonel Frederick V/. von 
Egloffstein, 103d New York \'olunteers, who asked him, 
"Can 3'ou recruit a company, as my regiment now has 
only nine?" To which reply was made, "Am willing to 
try," and by Special Order 2850, Adjutant General's Of- 
fice, Albany. X. Y., on October 23, 18G2, the authority 
was given; and at once he began at No. 110 William 
Street to enlist men for Company C ( 103d New York Vol- 
unteers. ) By Spcci.'d Order 34-9, Adjutant General's Of- 
fice, Washington, D. C, he was discharged November 17, 
1862, to receive a commission in the volunteer service. 

Recruiting at this time was not what it had been in the 
earlier stages ot the war, so that it was a slow matter to 
enroll the needed number of men, but bv December 31st 
the comjiany was sulheiently formed to allow of his mus- 
ter-in as Fir^t Lieutenant by Major J. T. Sprague at Al- 
bany, N. Y. In this interval sfpiads of recruits had been 
forwarded to tl'.e regiment, then encamped op])usiic Fred- 
ericksburg, Va., and what a disappointed, sorrv-looking 
army it was a part of when visited on December 25th, bv 


hn:, "'i.i' uri in ■ oo; 

>:!-. ,l'J' 








^ « •<-^'% ^ for 7 



reason o£ the recent disaster, December 13th— 15th, when 
it had met with Lee's veterans and been badlv defeated. 
Bv order of the government, all volunteer officers were 
relieved from recruiting dnt\' in early spring, 1863, be- 
cause of which Lieutenant Hussey was forced to give up 
further application in forming the company. The enlisted 
men, some fifty-five, were transferred to the several other 
companies, and he to CompanA' I, and during February 
reported himself for duty to the regiment, etill stationed 
near Fredericksburg, Va. 

For six months time on, Lieutenant Hussey was with 
Company I, on the march, the bivouac, in camp and bat- 
tlefield, and the regiment's history for a year he had a 
part in making; the pleasant, almost peaceful weeks 
s,)eat at Newport News, Va., are still a reminiscence with 
him of Rebellion days; more so, though, the sterner 
"battle duty" performed in and about Suffolk. Va. 
where, on May 3, 1863, the l()3d was under fire of a gal- 
lant foe for the whole day ; losing, deployed as skirmish- 
ers, as many comrades as is usual to the average regimert 
in a pitched battle, and upon this occasion he had every 
reason to be proud of his membership in Company I. 
1 he "boys" stood the unusual test as became veterans 
"t Xewberne, Antietam, and Fredericksburg. The death 
'>} Colonel Benjamin Ringold, at that time, alone pre- 
vented the capture of the section of artillery that had so 
•umoyed the regiment with its iron compliments, so Ireely 
distributed to all without favor. 

The forces of General Longstreet; having disappeartd 
'^'itn in front of the troops of General Peck, the 103d, 
•'>on after, went under command of General Getty upon a 
^-'counoissance in force towards Richmond. AtVorklown 
'•leutenant Husscv li:iving. upon recommendation ot Col- 
• --i-i William Heine, Ijcen ])roin()ted Ciiptain of Company 
•-.he there parted immediate companv irom his comrades 
•■•i Companv I, and what follows will tell briefly of the 

b '■■yi.yi ">'' ■ 


•.y.-irtj •■' . i' 

) ' ;■ 

record of the regiment until the Captain's final leave- 
taking : 

Who of the whole command present then can forget the 
fatigues, coupled with good times, from a soldier's stand- 
point, had upon the sail up the Pamunkey to White 
House Landing, the hastened march to near Hanover 
Court House, escape from battle trial there, and the fun 
had in taking the backtrack down the Peninsula, overthe 
roads used b\- McClellan in 1862 during his march tow- 
ards the Capital City of the Confederacy. Rations were 
that short, to forage, like Sherman's bummers, was the 
order of each day, notwithstanding "official" orders to 
the contrarv'. The officers were " blind " to the sense of 
what a pig, chicken, or other edible looked like, and the 
men-of-the-musket were not slow to see and act upon the 

A brief relief from the excitement and dangers of the 
"battle front " was had on the Elizabeth River near Nor- 
folk, soon rudely to be broken by orders to pack uj). 
Where to? What for. etc., were the questions of the 
hour. Arriving at Norfolk all was explained bv direc- 
tions to cross the gang plank and seek quarters upon a 
steamship, but in aj)pearance the craft was more like a 
canal boat. Soon the vessel moved seaward, and manv 
were the quakes and fears that it would not land its liv- 
ing freight in safety. Good weather prevailed. Cape 
Hatteras was rounded without delay, ( where Companv 
I had once served, ) and in due course of time all arrived 
oft" Charleston, S. C, and were promptlv transferred to 
enjoy (?) the barren hospitaHty of Folly Island, which 
lies south of the renowned Morris Islard. both in sight of 
Fort Sumter, Sullivan's Isl md. and the Citv of Secession 
— CharlestcMi. The first meal was taken from Palmetto 
trees, the tops ol which sli^litly resemble eelerv, and with 
salt: appeased the gnawing apjiente. so perpetual with 
all soldiers out cinipaigning. 



>t1 ' 

■ ' ' '[i>-j He, 











r " 
1 } 




Hereabouts war alarms were almost of hourly oc- 
currence. The big guns of the Navy joined with the 
smaller ones of the Arm}- in the abortive attempts to en- 
force the capture of the several Rebel forts, notabh' Sum- 
ter. Moultrie, Johnson, and Wagner. Parts of Morris, 
James and Long Islands were occupied by United States 
forces, skirmishes took place almost daih-, varied by bat- 
tles, in which little was gained of permanent good. What 
with these duties, combined with the building of entrench- 
ments, etc., the soldiers were fully employed. No spot 
was to be found twenty feet above the sea level. Thus 
the water, without boiling, was sure death to drink, 
causing much suftering to the thirsty. Besides the heat 
was intense in that Southern latitude, mosquitoes by the 
million, and taken all in all a very disagreeable place to 
Munmer at. The 103d bore its share of these trials. Pa- 
triotism alone kept the men true to the flag, and for the 
first time here were ^-een the defenders of Uncle Sam who 
were of African origin, but ever true blue, and not one 
luit had a firm belief in the final triumph of the Union 
V luse. 

In November, 1S63, Captain Hussey, because of "pecu- 
iiirities" of the commander of the regiment, asked to be 
•■uncharged, which \\ as done by order of General Gillmore 
"M the 17th of the month. The parting from the regi- 
fr.cnt was with regret, and ever afterward he held the 
•T-janizatiou in high regard, especially the memibers of 
^"'>in[)anies I and E, who at all times responded to duties, 
'••'il with a true soldierly spirit. 

Xcglccted business matters were attended to upon ar- 
• 'val at Xew York, so that bv the following May, on the 
''■-n,18(M-,cx-Captain Ilussey again entered upon asoldier's 
'^■■\ this time in Comjn'mv A, IG.ltli Now York \'oluntcers, 
' 'i*n in the field, first goini; to Xew Orleans, where the 
' -Ziinent was expected soon to arrive from the upper 
'.''trt <if Louisiana, and returned with it North at first, 

•n rm^ii. e.yi 

I I ■■ ■• I J 

■)l, 1 •.••!' 

-y \> 


stopping at the James River; thence on to the Shennr- 
doali Valley, where the whole of Sheridan's campaign 
was gone through, in which the 103d also participated: 
and at Winchester, Va., the Army received the glad new s 
of Lee's surrender in April, 1865. 

The time had come to return the troops to their homes. 
Notso with the 165th New York Volunteers, which was 
sent to Savannah, Ga. Later it had the pleasure of occu- 
pying: Charleston, S. C, and finally was mustered out of 
service at Fort Sumter on September 1, 1865. 

Again returning to New York ex-Captain Hussev could 
not yet settle down to the hum-drum of civil life, and 
going out West to Kansas, gradually drilled himself to 
the changed circumstances, and for the most part of the 
past thirty years has been engaged in the banking busi- 
ness, bat now in the employ of the United States Treas- 
ury Department. 

It has been a source of sincere regret to him not to 
have been able to see more of his comrades of old Com- 
pany L who uill always have a warm spot in his heart, 
and wishing them a full and generous part of this life's 
good things, sends his kindest remembrance; ho])ini: 
their loyal aud brave deeds, in behalf of their countrvs 
cause, shall not become a dead past, with their passing 
from earth, but have some permanent form of record, crc 
too late, and to that end the above is contributed in fra- 
ternal love. 


Simeon E. L. Wilbur was born Xoveniber 1st, lS-10, 
near Mason villc, Pchiware countv, X. Y. His father'.-^ 
name was Siiaoon and ills moihcr Maria ( Liilbert ) Wii- 
bur. iu ISI-.S iIk' iamily nu)\c-d irom Masonville to ;' 
farm near Mt. Zt)ar. in Chtuiunq- county, and not distant 


;•• f. 

T . ,f- 

I ,r n', ri- 


■11 f. 

from Elraira, X. Y. Ten years later they moved to Ridge- 
bury, Bradford countv, Pa. 

The subject of this sketch was educated at the common 
schools and at the Elmira Commercial College, gradu- 
ating therefrom Jan. 15, 1862. He enlisted January 4-th, 
1S62, at Elmira, in Capt. \V. M. Crosby's company I, 
then being raised for the 103d Reg. X. Y. Vols. He was 
one of four names enlisted on that date, the first enlisted 
in the company, and immediately entered enthusiastically 
into the work of recruiting men for that command. 

At the organization of the company he was appointed 
First Sergeant, a place for which he was eminenth fitted 
and which he filled with credit to himself and the com 
pany. He was with the compan_v .performing everv 
duty vvith the patriotic ardor of his whole soul, but 
was taken sick on Hatteras Island, X. C, while in com- 
mand of a detachment of 20 men as guard at Cape Hat- 
teras Light House and died of meningitis at the Hospital 
August 11, 1SG2, less than 5 months after leaving El- 


DeWitt C. Wilbur was born at Veteran. X. Y., Sept. 14-, 
1837. He was the voungest son of eiijht children 
of Stephen and Polly Wilbur, who resided at Veteran, 
X. Y. The father was a carpenter and the son early 
learned that trade. He was foreman in the shop of Bar- 
tholomew for a number of years. He worlvcd mostly at 
stair-buildiiig, being a most efiicient workman. 

He was n^iarried to Airs. Anna Simpson, adopted 
daughter of Mr. McKce of Elmira, X. Y., by whom he had 
two children, viz: Eva of Xel)raska and Svbil of Wash- 
i-i;.^r()n, E). C. 

He enlisted Jan. 4. isr,2. at Elmira. X. Y., in Capt \Vm. 
M. Crosby's Co I, 103d X. V. Vols., and was elected 2d 


•i.) . V »^Ta-5' i . i .> . ,} 

Sergeant at its organization. He served with his com- 
pany and was commissioned 2d Lieutenant. He resigned 
his commission and returned to his home in Elmira, but 
again went to the front with another regiment. He was 
taken prisoner and suffered the torture of prison life at 
Andersonville, N. C, for six months, and was for nine 
months confined at Libby prison, Richmond, Va. 
He died about 1873 at his home in Elmira, N. Y. 


Orville Samuel Kimball, son of Clark and Hannah 
(Whittemore ) Kimball, was born at Osceola, Tioga Co., 
Pa., August 4th, 184-2. Pie is the ninth generation di- 
rect, paternal descent from Richard Kimball, who came 
from Ipswich, England in 1734, and settled at Wenham, 
\Iass. His father ar»d mother were born in New Hamp- 
shire and lived there till married. The father was bv 
trade a harness and saddle manufacturer and follcwttl 
that occupation the earlier part of his life. He was one 
of the earlier settlers at Osceola, Pa., then included in 
Elkland townshi]). — c'lnd wiis about the first to cpc-n a 
store at that place. In 1847 he purchased, erected a 
residence iinrl movefl to a farm three-fourths of a mile 
south of Osceola, at the same time carr\ing on the busi- 
ness of both store and farm for many years — in fact until 
it became necessary to i^ive up both on account of his 
age. He died Pebruary 9th. 1883, aged almost 84 vears. 
His mother died July 31, 1897, aged almost SO vears. 

The sul^ject of this sketcli attended the common schools 
of his home ])la«"e. also Union Academv near Kno.wiile. 
Pa., and later the Osceola Hi^h School, which he was at- 
tending when the civil broke f>".t. During the winter 
of 18r)9-'r)0. also [he fc»ll(n\ iugwinicr, he taught common 
schools in the vicinity oi his home, working on the farm 
during the cropping season. 


: .. \-iU-: ( 


He enlisted at Elmira, N. Y., February 11th, 1862, in 
Captain William M. Crosbj^'s company I, 103d regiment 
N. Y. Volunteer Infantry, his next younger brother also 
enlisting in same company. He served with his company 
in all its marches, changes, campaigns and actions, never 
being absent except one week— from August 29th till 
September 6th, 1S62— sick with fever in the hospital at 
Hatteras Island, X. C. 

On the organization of the company he was appointed 
First Corporal, was promoted Sergeant March 1st, 1863, 
and was made Orderly Sergeant of hiscompanv June 19th 
following, although he had been acting in both capacities 
sometime previous to regular appointment bv warrant. 

He re-enlisted in same company and regiment while in 
camp at Folley Island, S. C, after two years' service un- 
(ier General Orders War Department for three vears more 
and with other re-enlisted men of his companv and regi- 
ment went home on veteran furlough of thirtv davs. He 
also was given a twenty dav furlough in March, 1865, 
returning April 2d. In May, lS6v5, he was detailed as a 
clerk in the United States Subsistence Deoartment, beinsr 
stationed in charge of a branch station at Surrv Court 
House, Va., reporting to the Post Commissarv at Peters- 
burg, Va Within a few days from that time he was also 
detailed by Lieut. Col. E. F. Winger, 2d Pa. Heavy Artil- 
lery—and Provost Marshal at that point— as 
clerk in the office of Provost Marshal; and 
attended to the duties of both details, havins: 
all the help he chose to call for. The Provost 
Marshal's office was discontinued at that point in earh 
autumn and the commissary was withdrawn to Peters- 
^nirg on October 2d, where Comrade Kimball was still 
'ift ailed as clerk. From this ])oint he was sent out once 
in ten days to each of the counties. Prince George and 
Surry, in charge of a wagon train of commissarv stores, 
which he issued to the troops stationed there, also to 


I :r, ;: ' ) 

: > r 1 ! 

•i;t'.' •A\ 

'!.- •\ -M •■■•,';fj 

indlpfent whites and blacks on order of the Provost Mar. 
shal. On Dec. 2d, 1865, he was sent by Captain Cooper- 
post commissary at Petersburg, to Cit}' Point with ottiers 
to open a branch office to feed the troops ordered there 
for muster out, among them being the lU3d Battalion. 
Hewas employed here till muster out December 7th; ISGT) 

On December 8th, he took the steamer with the mem- 
bers of his compan_v for New York city, received final pay 
at Hart's Island, New York harbor, and on December 
16th arrived at his home 

In the spring of 1866 he engaged in farming, the home- 
stead farm, but a few years later carried on the wagon 
making business and conducted a repair shop. In 1880 
he was commissioned Justice of the Peace and was again 
elected for five vears in 1885 in his native to\vn. From 
1892 for several years he was editorially coiinected with 
the "Free Press" at\Yestfield, a local weekly newspaper. 
and in May, 1894-, moved with his family to that place, 
where he has since resided. 

He was married October 24-. 1S66, to Mary L., daugh- 
ter of Charles D. rind Lucretia ( Weekes) Cameron, of Os- 
ceola, Tioga county. Pa. There have been born to Com- 
rade and Mrs. Kimball three children, viz.: Ernest Har- 
lan, born ]\Iarcli 22nd. lSt)8; Ida Grace, born December 
21:th, 1873, and Bessie May. bom January 22nd, 1883. 
The first born is married and has one son; resides at 
West field. Pa. 

Comrade Kimball was a charter member of Post 49, G 
A. R.. of Osceola. ])vit lias changed his membership to Post 
258, Wcfltheld. Served Post Ti> ;is .Vdjutant eight rears. 
as Quartermaster one year, and as Commander four 
years. Served ihc Dcp'irtuicnt as Assistant Inspector 
and a^ lu'^pector-at-LrirLie several years each; also as 
Aid-dc-Camp on ihc staiT oi" I)c])artment Commander 
tor several vears. He has been an energetic member oi 
the order since his membership therein. He is a member 

J r?'' ^jiji 







of the order of Patrons of Husbandry, having taken the 
seven degrees of the order. He is connected with Sub- 
ordinate Grange Xo. lOSS, of Westfield. Himself, wife 
and two daughters are members of the Methodist Epis- 
copal Church at Westfield. 


Henry O. Wilbur, younger brother of Simeon E. L. 
Wilbur, was born at his home near Alasonville, N.Y., Feb. 
15. 1843. He enlisted in the same company and regiment 
on January 25th, 1862. Was appointed Corporal at or- 
ganization of company, doing in a soldier-like manner 
every duty that was required of him. 

He was taken sick in September, 1862, and sent to the 
general hospital. He was furloughed from Convalescent 
Camp at Alexandria, Ya., and was discharged for disa- 
l)ilit_v from typhoid fever December 16, 1862, returning to 
his father's .home at Ridgeburv, Pa. 

.Vtter discharge he attended school at Elmira about six 
months. In the spring of 1S67 his parents moved to a 
farm near Rockford, Illinois. Was married November 28, 
same year, to Xancv Mertilla, daughter of John F. and 
Silly Ann (Thompson) Seely of Ridgeburv, Pa., at the 
nome of the bride. After visiting friends in that vicinity 
they returned to Rockford, Illinois, making their home 
with his parents. 

In March, 1869, the family moved to Burlingame, Kan- 
^'ts, where thev have since resided. Mr. Wilbur, tor 
*. venty vears from that time, carried on the business ot 
■>vagon-making, but since that time he has been engaged 
m hardware trade. 

Mr. and Mrs. Wilbur are the parents of three children, 
^'iz.: .\nna I\ose,l)orn at Rockford, Illinois, September 9. 
^^'•S; Lena Blanche and Bertie, twins, born May 2d. 
I'^SO, at Burlingame, Kansas. The boy, Bertie, died six 

7: ^' . ■ 

weeks later. The eldest dauo^hter, Anna Rose, was mar- 
ried July 15, 1891, to Frank E. Ross of Burlin.eanie. Oik- 
child has been born to this union, Wilbur, born in ISO.'-.. 
Mr. Ross is a member of the household, and a partner in 
the hardware business. 

Thej' were the youngest of eleven children, three of the 
boys entering the army. Alexander and two sons were 
in the 12th Regiment, Michio^an Volunteers. All three 
died in the service. John AI. went in 12th Michigan, and 
Belden H. G. sent a substitute. John lives at Alamosa. 
Colorado; Belden H. G. at Adm.ire, Lyon County, Kan- 
sas. Five sisters still live, viz.: Mrs. Clarissa Sweet ard 
Mrs. George F. Webb, Elmira, N. Y.; Mrs. John F. Webb 
of Willawana, Bradford County, Pa.; iMrs. H. Glcnny o! 
Rockford, 111.; and Mrs. W. N. Hemingway of Wheat- 
land, Hickory County, Mo. 

The father died at the home of his daughter, Mrs 
George F. Webb, at Elmira, N. Y. 

The mother died at the home of her son, Henry 0. Wil- 
bur, at Osage City, Kansas, August 1-1, 1872. 


Isaac T. German was born in Hector township, Schuy- 
ler County, X. Y, July ISth, 181r0. His father, Stephen 
T. German, was born in the town of Beekman, Dutchess 
County, N Y., and died in the autumn months of 1880. 
His mother, Sally Southworth. was born at Chestnut 
Ridge, Dutchess Cour.ty, and died in April, 1877. 

At the breaking out of the great Rebellion voung Ger- 
man was attending scliool at Peach Orchard, but' wrnt 
to Elmira, X. Y.. in December of that year to enHst in the 
10th Xew Y(M-k Cavalry, luit fnubng the regiment ranlv--^ 
entirely hllcd. returned home, intending to continue Iii^ 
studies during the winter term. He was, liowevcr. taken 
sick with diphtheria, and after recovering went to El- 


mira February 19, 1862, and enlisted m Company I, 
I03d Regiment. New York Volunteer Infantry. Here 
began tbe life of a soldier at Cold Spring Brewery on 
Water Street. At the time of the organization of the 
company Comrade German was appointed Corporal. At 
Elmira the duties were drilling, reading, and study, hard- 
Iv as yet the routine of a soldier in camp. On March 21st 
the move to the front commenced by rail to Washington, 
joining the regiment, receiving muskets, camp and garri- 
son equipage, the balance of a soldier's outfit, then on to 
Annapolis, :Md.. and thence by ocean steamer to New- 
l.erne. N. C. Before leaving Washington we were pre- 
sented with a stand of colors by William H. Seward, then 
Secretary of State, who made a speech giving us his 
Messing. From Xewberne to Evans' Mill on outpost 
picket dutv for week or more, and later with Companies 
1, E and K were detached to Hatteras Island, N. C, for a 
three months' service. 

Companv I was stationed at Camp Winfield, except 
twentv men, who were sent to Cape Hatteras Light 
House as guard. We found Hatteras a very unhealthy 
j.>lace. Most of the company were sick at some time 
th-re, and a number died and vvere buried there. 

Comrade German thus narrates an incident: We were 
.ittacked one night at Camp Winfield. I had charge of 
the camp guard. I think Comrade liibbard was on post. 
When the enemy appronched he halted them three times, 
and as they refused to halt he fired. Comrade Whitney 
!av on the bridge aslce]). When Hibbard fired he sprang 
up, picked u]> his rifie and fired, then lay down again. I 
5!ever saw anvthincr more absurd and ridiculous than 
Whitney's firing at nothing, but like the good soldier he 
^vas, he must have a sl'.ot if there was a ghost ol a 
'^■hance. The Captain called the men all out, and there 
■•vas a big time over a-mule. 
Corporal Germnn was promoted to Sergeant and Or- 


:■., ' >■ -ril; 

derly Sergeant during the latter part of 1862. From 
Hatteras Island in September to Washington, to Antic- 
tarn, Md.; thence on the long march to Fredericksburr:. 
Va., have been given in the history of the company. \AV 
give German's account of the battle of Fredericksburg. 
Va.: On the 11th of December, 1862, the fight beean. 
and ended on the 13th, when one division, the 3d of^thc 
Ninth Corps, made the last assault upon the Confederau- 
stronghold, and were, of course, repulsed, as all others 
had been. Sergeant Kimball. Comrades Whitnev. Flow- 
er and Bryant were thrown in the air by the explosion ol 
• a shell, which plowed up the ground near them. We sup- 
posed they were killed, but were more than pleased when 
they showed up all right. Burnside withdrew the armv 
andwewent back to our old camp, and the disastrous 
battle of Fredericksburg was over. Over 12,000 men 
kdled, wounded, and missing-perhaps some of them ran 
away— and nothing at all gained. 

From Fredericksburg to Acquia Creek, to Newport 
News, Va., the siege of Suffolk, Va., we pass with the 
mention, as thev were of interest in a general wa^ oij]y 
and not pertinent to this individual sketch. During the 
march up the Pamunkey River, and on to the Hanover 

Junction and back again. Comrade German wasalwuAs 
on duty. 

Of the engagement on James I.sland, S. C. July 2d. 
1864-, he writes: We left Folly Island the last da v'ut" 
June, after being .nustcred out for pav; went to Lon- 
Island, from there to John's Island, and on the second 
ot July struck James Island just after davlight. .V 
part of Company I was sent out ahead .'is skirmishers in 
charge of Captain Crosby. The regiment was marchinc: 
by the flank on a road leading up the island. Major 
Morrison sent Sergca.nt Kim])all with the balance ci th.e 
company ahead a. skirnnshers. AlLcr they had advance.) 
a short distance a masked battery opened on us with 


iU ,/lii" 


canister. The regiment was thrown into confusion. 
They fired two discharges into the regiment, then turned 
one piece on the skirmish Hne. Narcisse Pail (better 
known as "Frenchy ") and John Read were killed. There 
were several killed in other companies and a lot wounded. 
Comrade Whitney captured a horse, and the first I saw 
of him he rode up to Major Alorrison w'ith some message 
just before the battery opened on us. He climbed off the 
horse and stood on the o[)posite side from the battery, 
the first time I ever saw him try to protect himself at all, 
but no sane man would or could have done differently. 
We fell back behind a small fortification, formed in line of 
battle, put a regiment of colored troops in front, charged 
and captured the battery (one section. ) One man stood 
at his gun with a lanyard in his hand; said he enlisted to 
go with that gun, and d — d if he was going to leave it. 
He was a plucky chap, and we had to fight to save his 
life, as the darkies were bound to kill him. Of course he 
was sent to the rear, and so disappeared from view. 
Major Morrison savs in his report he "sent Sergeant 
Kimball with ten men forward as skirmishers, but as 
they knew nothing about skirmishing they were no use."' 
With all due regard to Major Morrison's position in the 
service, I think he does Sergeant Kimball and the coiri- 
'pany an injustice. While none of us claim Company I 
anything very extraordinary in skirmishing, they were as 
efficient as most companies in the service, and perhap's 
would have been no better on the skirmish line if they had 
been under Major Morrison's immediate command. 

While at Bermuda Front, \'a., during the winter of 
TbGo, the period of enlistment of manv of the members 
of Companv I (three \ears ) expired, and as their dis- 
charges were refused them they refused tc) do duty, Ser- 
•-jeant German being among them, were sent to the guard 
Uouse un'ler arrest. Some time in February all those, 
A'hose time had thus c-vpircd, were sent to do guard duty 


n-,v i' '..'.■ ^d'T 

'■* 'ji; no ■.' 

at General Ferrera's headquarters. About March 12 
thev turned in their arms, ammunition, and camp and 
garrison equipage, and left the front, and at 6 o'clock, 
p. m., same day, left Citv Point, arrived at Jersey City at 
10 o'clock, p. m., on the l-tth, lay there till the next 
morning, then went to Xevv York City, were mustered out 
on the 17th at the headquarters of the Department of the 
East, and reached home March 22, 1S65. 

Comrade German resumed work on the farm in Hector 
township, N. Y., where he lived till the spring of 1S67. 
when he purchased a farm near Lodi, Seneca County. 
N. Y., and moved thereon. This farm he sold during the 
winter of 1870 and moved nearer Lodi for one year, 
while disposing of stock farming tools and implements. 
From here he moved to Geneva, working one year driving 
a team ; then moved to a farm three miles west of that 
place to oversee, plant, and grow nursery stock. He af- 
terward engaged as a traveling salesman for nursery 
stock, at which he has ^ince been engaged, residing in 

He was married December 20th. 1865. to Lina C. 
daughter of lolin R. cand Jemima T. ( Miller ) Spencer ot 
Seneca Countv. N. Y. Mr. S])encer died in 1860 and Mrs. 
Spencer in the spring of 1872, near Lodi, X. Y. 

There have been born to Mr. and Mrs. German two 
sons, viz.; I*"rank, l)<>rn at Lodi, Seneca County, X.\.. 
NoYeml>er 21-, I8r>7, and Mont. Ijorn near Geneva, X. \.. 
February 13. 1S72. Thev were fully educated, 
trradualing at Uohnrt College, Geneva, with honor to 
thcmselve.-. I'oLh have bel-n through the Berkeley Divin- 
itv Sciinol of MlddleKtwn, Connecticut, and Frank is rec- 
tor of Si. Ti!!):iia> Clnn\h at .Maiaa.roneek. X. Y. about 
twcnt\- mile-^ ^jorili <>l .\ev \'orl<, <in the X. Y. C. cX H. K. 
R. R. Mont is at hotnc waiting ordination, expecting to 
make a life work of t'nc ininistry. 

■ ... . : J., ui '..J 



Daniel J. La Due, second son of Jeremiah H. and Elira 
Jane (James) La Due was born in New York City Jan. 9, 
184-0, and was educated at Matte wan, Dutchess county, 
N. Y. [anuarv 4-, 1862, he entered the United States army 
as a volunteer soldier. 

In Camp Xewburn, X. C, the company was obliged to 
parade each day with sixt_v rounds of cartridges, and on 
account of the box not being fitted properly, it pressed a 
nerve so as to paralyze it and render one limb useless. 

When the comi)anv went to Cape Hatteras, he was sent 
to Xewburn Hospital. After much difficulty, he reached 
the hospital, and after being ill in bed for three weeks, was 
carried to Beaufort Citv in an ambulance. Here he was 
unconscious of his surroundings, knovring only that he 
was for a lotig time in a darkened room. When he re- 
gained consciousness, it was thought best to send him 
home, but he refused to be discharged, and started on a 
journev to his regiment at Fredericksburg, \a. 

He was stricken with fever on r)oard a vessel off Hat- 
teras Inlet, and after failing to get admittance for him at 
the hospital, they finally left him on the steps, where he 
was found and taken in charge. 

After six weeks of suffering, he was able to be about 
again, but had a relapse and was ill again for six weeks. 

He was then discharged with his foot still disabled, and 
sent home to Elmira, N. Y , in IMarch, 1863. By July he 
was able to walk again. He went to Brooklyn, X. Y.. 
and was married to Eliza Jane Walraven. daughter of 
Jacob and Catherine Walraven. 

Here he follov.-od the carpenter and builder trade until 
LSG9, and then went to Carroll City, Carroll county, 
bnvn. and lived there until 1S76, removing in the sprhig 
"t" that vcar to Poug1dccop>ic, X Y.. and lived there until 
Xovcmberof the same year, when he removed to Philadel- 
phia, where he still resides. 




The followinor children were born to him: Sarah Eliza- 
beth, born June 23rd, 1SG6, at Brooklyn, and died Sep- 
tember 19. 1S6G, at Brooklyn, X. Y. ' • • 

Charles Aldert, born April 4-th; 1868, at Brooklyn, and 
died Sept. 3rd, IJSGS, at Brooklyn, X. Y. 

Cornelia Jessie, born May 9th, 1 869, at Brooklyn, X. 
Y., and died at Carroll City, Iowa, Aug. 18, 1869. 

John Harrison, born June 5, 1870, at Carroll Citv. 
Iowa, and died Sept. 24, 1873, at Carroll City, Iowa. 

Gertrude:- Alay. born June 9, 1872, at Carroll Citv. 

Daniel James, born March 7th, 1875, at Carroll Citv, 

Jessie Arline, born Dec. 23rd, 1876, at Philadelphia, 
Pa., died July 13th, 1877. ac Philadelphia. 

Grace EUa, born Jan. 14th. 1878, at Philadelphia, Pa. 

Hattiejune, born Jan. 26th, 1881, at Philadelphia, Pa.; 
died March 4th. 1886. at Philadelphia, Pa. 

Herbert Andrew, born June 3. 1884. at Philadelphia. 

Of the four children living the oldest. Gertrude, married 
Johnathan Paxon Vandef^ritt. and is livino- at Bridge- 
water, Pa., where the youngest son Herbert is with her. 

Danieljames. Jr . married .Myrtle jane Fitchcnell and 
lives at 6234 Gi!)son avc., Philadelj^hia, Pa. 

Grace married Waitnuin Wilbur Fitchenell and lives 
with her brother Daniel. 

Mrs. LaDue .bed in Jan., 1895, and Comrade LaDuc 
makes his home with his (dde.-t son. He is onlv able to 
do light work at his trade. 


Horace H. Bolt was l)()rn at Mason ville, Delaware 
county, X. Y., May 7Lii. 1^37. His iVither. who w.-is oi' 
Anglo-Saxon orign, born at Saratoga Sj.rinus. X. V. 
in 1818. His mother wa^ of English extraction, was 


1 ,■^■^.: ,. 

f. , * 

■)Oi . ji: 

born at Masonville, X. Y. Her maiden name was Olive 
G.Gris\vold,the daughter of a Baptist clergyman. 

The elder Mr. Bolt was a practical and successful farm- 
er, a hard working man. and his sons were brought up in 
ihe same line. 

He was the father of three sons and three daughters, 
viz: William G., Horace H., Alpheus E., (deceased), Sarah 
L., Betse\' A. and Lena F. 

The subject of this sketch early showed a decided prefer- 
ence for music and made the teaching of vocal music a 
!)usiness till he enlisted January 4-th, 1S62, at Elmira, X. 
v., in eompan\' I, which was then being formed by Capt. 
William M. Crosbv for the 103d Regiment X. Y. Volun- 
teer Infantr\'. 

On the organization of the conijjany Comrade Bolt was 
appointed a corporal and wenttothc Iront with the com- 
pany. Soon after reaching Xewberne. X.C., his talent as 
a musician came under requisition and he was de- 
(.ailcd as a member of the regimental cornet band, an or- 
ganization which obtained soir.e notoriety for its tineh' 
rendered selections. Later, when company 1 with com- 
panies E and K of the same regiment were ordered to 
ilatteras Island for garrison duty, Comrade Bolt ac- 
•-onipauied them and was one of the twenty ( 20 ) men 
>eut to Cape Hatteras Lighthouse as guard. 

Here he was taken sick with malarial fever atid after a 
long and severe illness he was in October, 1S64-, dls- 
c'.i?.rged from United States General Hospital at Wash- 
ington, D. C. and returned home, where he iinaJly re- 
gained his strength. Again he took up his profession ol 
teaching music until the rear 1.S75 he went to Xew York 
'-'*^'v and learned the busiiioss of tuning pianos. 

>i!'icc that time he lias followed this work. s|^cnding 
•■very wiiiter since 1872 in Georgia or Florida. His place 
*^f residence is Cannonsvillc. X. Y. 


i ■ ' ' ' '' ■' : '2''. ' 


Jesse S. Buchanan was the son of Nathan and Eleanor 
(Strock) Buchanan. He was born in the town of Jack- 
son, Tioga count}', Pa. He enlisted at the age of 10 
years— January 22d, 1862 — at Elmira, in Capt. Crosbv"s 
company I, 103d Regt. X. Y. Vols., and went to the front 
in North Carolina, served with his companv at Newberne 
and Evans Mills. At Hatteras Island he was one of the 
detachment sent to Cape Hatteras Lighthouse as guard. 
He was sent to Armory Square Hospital, Washington, 
D. C, in Sept., 18G2, and was given furlough Oct. 16 for 
30 days but on account of health shattered he was dis- 
charged from the service on surgeon's certificate of dis- 
ability before ex])iration of furlough. (Malarial poison- 

He was a mason bv trade but followed farmino- the 
most of his life. 

January' 31, 1S69, he married Jane, daughter of Luther 
and Margaret Andrews, of Jackson township, Tioga 
county. Pa., and commenced housekeeping on the farm 
he had purchased in Steuben Co., N. Y., where thev re- 
sided until his denth, which occurred April 2d. 1SS6, after 
a painful illness of four moTiths. resulting from a compli- 
cation of diseases, gastritis being the predcminnnt one. 

Mrs. Buchanan and children, a short time after his 
death, moved to a farm about five miles distant that the 
husband had purchased only a short time before his death, 
where they still reside. The oldest son resides on the old 
farm where the father died. 


Rev. Absolam Crney \Nas the son ol Absolam Carev, a 
soldier o( the Rc\oluiionary War. When twelve \cc\v^ 
old he enlisted as a (h'uniiucr Ijov. lie lived for stMue tin.c 
near l:lmira, N. V., on the Chemung River, and here were 
born Daniel W. and Charles M. Carey. Soon alter the 


/. , f : . -^ J - • i 1 









... - .v;, ~ 



5 1 




birth of Charles the family removed to Waverly; N. Y., 
where thev remained until after the close of the War of 
lS61-'65, in which he served with four sons. On Folly 
Island in 1SG4- he joined the 103d Regiment, New York 
Volunteers, and in helping the wounded from the battle 
Held on Long Island did a service which will not be for- 
gotten. After the war the family removed to Delaware, 
near Dover, to engage in fruit-raising, Jind here he lived 
uritil his death in 1S94-. 

He was Chaplain of General Dan Woodall G. A.R. Post, 
N'o. 11, of Wvoming, Del., and at the time of his death 
was the oldest Chaplain in the United States. He wrote 
several poems, one of which was written for Memorial 
Dav, 1SS4-. His son, Daniel \V., wHtes: "In December, 
1S91, I was summoned to the death-bed of my father 
near Dover. Del. While I was at his side he* said, 'Soon 
will come Pickett's charge.' As he had always used com- 
inirisons in his general con\ersation I understood it to 
mean that soon would come the struggle between life and 
fleath. That, mv dear comrades, will bear thiid-cing 
about. Can we meet that terrible charge of death equal 
with him? Mav we be prepared." 


Charles M. Carev, son of Rev. Absalom Ca:rey, was 
I'orn in Chemung county. X. Y., June 22nd, 1S49. Not 
long afterwards his parents moved to Waverly, X. \ .. 
Vx-hcre he lived till enlistment. He came of good fighting, 
:):itriotic stock. His grandfather Absalom Carey, was a 
revolutionarv soldier, and two of the Carey family were 
at the Wvoming massacre in 1778, 

His father. Rev. Ab'^aloni Carey, enlisted when twelve 
ye.irs old as (Irumnier. His uncle, Cenjaniin Carey, 
served in the Mexican war. His father, with four sous, 
served in the war of 18t)l-(K'i. 


'ly--: v); .i' r' ' . ^f-: 

The subject of this skcich enlisted Feb. -t, 1864, in Com- 
panv I, 103rd Regiment X. Y. Vols., as a drummer, johi- 
incr the resfiment on Follv Island, S. C, cind served con- 
tinuonsly with same until finally mustered out at City 
Point, Va., December Ttli, lS(3vl, with the exception of a 
furlough of Htteen days in the spring of 18G5. 

After receiving his discharge and final pay, at Hart's 
Island, Xew York Harbor, he went to the State of Dela- 
ware, where his parents had moved, remaining two 
vears. He spent one winter in New York city at schtjol, 
six months on the AI. & E. R. R. of New Jersey, returning 
to Delaware. In 1869 he went to Chicago and spent 
three \'ears in IJliriois and Iowa. In 1871 he returned to 
Delaware and studied the drug business, and engaged in 
the same for twelve vears, at Wvoming, Delaware. He 
organized Comjjany E, V)th Regiment, X. G. of Delaware, 
and became its Captain, and served seven years. He was 
re-elected and served two years more, and was then pro- 
moted to be Major of the regiment, serving five years. 

In 1882 he became charter mem'oer of General A. T. A. 
Tarbut post. Xo. o, G. A. R., of Dover, Delaware, and 
was its Chaplain In 1883 he organized General Dan. 
Woodall post, Xo. 11, G. A. R., and became its command- 
er. In 1884- he was elected I-epartmcnt Commander oi 
the Department of L)elaware, being at that time only 33 
years of age. 

His father. Rev. Absalom Carey, was elected Depart- 
ment Chaplain at the same time. 

His brother, P. V. Carev, was Ccjmmander ot the L»e- 
partment of Iowa G. A. R.; also organized and was 
leader of Carev's MiJilarv IJanii, and was delegate to 
the con\'entions that nominated electors for both Gar- 
field and Harrison. 

Miij or Charles M. Carev gindualed trom Pliiladel])l"Lia 
Optical College and was au optician tor two years m 

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He was twice married, and has a son by his first wife 
living in Philadcl|)liia, who is a druggist. Four sons and 
one daughter by his second wife are still living, viz.: Lou- 
ise T., Charles M., Robert A., Willis T.. Rebu M. 

He is a composer of music and writes poetry. Some 
pieces have become celebrated. 

He moved to Hampton, Va., in 1S1>5, in which place he 
is still engaged in optical business. 


Daniel \V. Carey was born July 16, 1839, on the banks 
of Chemung river, east of Elmira, N. Y., near the scene of 
the battle fields of Gen. Sullivan's army, Aug. 29th, 1779. 
He was the son of Rev. .\bsalom Carey and grandson of 
Absalom Carev, a soldier of the Revolutionatw Wnv. 

In the fall of 1S59 he determined to gratify his desire to 
s^e other places, and together with his brother, who was 
suffering from bronchial trouble, started for a trip South. 
Passincf throusfh Pennsvlvania and Baltimore, Aid., thev 
crime to Washington, D. C. After visiting the places of 
interest in and around the Capital City of the Nation, 
thev went bv steamer to .\cquia Creek, Va., thence by 
r.-iil to Fredericksburg, \'a. Here they formed many ac- 
quaintances among the best families in that section, aiul 
b^ing musicans, thev became quite favorites, among the 
young people espcciallv, and were often invited t" even- 
ing parties, thus extending their scope of acquaintance. 

T[\2 tiin2>2d pleisauth' till during the winter ot 
1S(jO-G1, when the dark clouds which preceded the out- 
break of the great civil war began to hover over the 
c )untrv. Thev became acquainted and sjicnt part oi the 
•■viutcr with the f-uuilv of Charles Hepburn, formerly 
''•'om \ViliiamsjK)rt, I 'a., who lived near Salem Chureii, 
-■'bout fotir miles from Fredericksburg. Later thev made 
•ifadquarters farther north, at a i)lace called Laurel Hill, 




with a family by the name of Couse, who had lived there 
some twenty years. Tlie. father and mother were dc- 
deceased, leaving one son. Peter by name, and three 
daughters, who occupied the fine homestead. Thev were 
well educated, were pleasant and agreeable in manners, 
and many pleasant hours were spent here. The war fever 
became so high during the spring of 1861 that to remain 
here was at the risk c>f life and property, manv threats 
being made. At Fredericksburg young Carey saw the 
marching and drilling of cavalry and infantr\-. and heard 
them talk about Davis' troops coming to take Washing- 
ton. These troops had very recently gathered there, and 
the excitement was intense. The talk of pressiniz every 
able-bodied man into the Southern service did not suit 
the taste of these two brothers, .-\llcomraunication with 
Washington had been closed, and everything assumed a 
warlike attitude. The only way out ot Virginia now to 
them was via Brandy Station, on the Orange and Alex- 
andria railway. After consultation with the Couse fam- 
ily, it was decided that the brother, who was not vei 
sufhcienth' recovered to warrant him in attemptinq- to 
travel the liistance required, should take Daniel W. to the 
station, twenty miles distant, th.e next morning, and re- 
turn to the Couse home. Before leaving, one of the sis 
ters had written a letter to her brother in Jersev City, X. 
J., which he put with others he had to niailin aside 

Before leaving Fredericksburg he had gonetoMav'- 
Montgomery Slauglucr to obtain a passport to Wash- 
ington, Irat was informed by that oHicinl that Governcr 
Fletcher had given orders that no more should be given 
to persons going Xorth. So the prospect on the morriiu;^ 
of this 22nd of Ab-iv. 1^)1. wa-; not assuring At ihc 
station, on applying for a ticket, he was asked tor a pa^^- 
Thcn followed explanations, and as a result he \v:;s 
placed m charge of an odieer who was to accompauv ilu- 


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train to be taken to Manassas Junction for examination. 
Arriving here at 4:o0 o'clock p. m. everything presented 
a war-like appearance. Companies of cavalrv, artillcrv 
and infantry were being drilled and disciplined, and 
ever3-thing was under martial la\v. Young Carev was 
quite politely escorted to the office of the commandant 
of the post at the principal hotel, who propounded Cjues- 
tions as to who he was, where from, who he knew there, 
the color of his hair, etc.; in fact, pinned him down to 
plain facts in all lines, and he was at last asked for letters. 
These he was compelled to hand over with misgiving, 
however, as he was wholly ignorant of what thev might 
contain, and for this reason he expressed the hope that 
he should not be held responsible for them, as thev were 
simply handed him to post. He hastily tore one open, 
saying: "I can'*: hel[) that; you have no business carrv- 
ing other people's letters." 

.\ sentence in the letter written by Miss Couse to her 
brother, speaking of President Lincoln as a "rail splitter 
and babboon," pleased him much, and undoubtedly 
helped my case. \ sergeant came in while he was there 
who had known him and called him b\' name, and to 
whom he explained how he came there. After a close 
examination the commandant took his pen and wrote 

Maxass.\s Junction, V.v., May 22 — 6. 

I have examined Daniel \V. Care}* and have permitted 
him to pass. 

Cornelius Boyle, 
Major Virginia Forces. 

Comrade Carey silll kee])s this pass as a relic of those 
'-'■nies. The ofliccr of the «.lav took him in cliargc. and as 
'•hL;y jjassed out of the iintcl, said: "We have tried every 
">vay to settle this war t[uesiion with you j)C()])ic buL can't 
'io it, and we are ^oing to tight it out." .\s it was now 


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too late for the train, and as no more would go that 
night, matters still looked dark, there being much drink- 
ing among tiie soldiers, and it had already been passed 
around that they had got a Yankee spy. Just at this 
time a coal train hove in sight, he got on a flat car, and 
at sunset reached Alexandria. He then went to the Mar- 
shall House, where the next morning" that brave voun<? 
officer, Col. Ellsworth, was killed by the proprietor, 

From here Comrade Carey went on foot up and across 
Long Bridge, where his pass did him good service, and 
passed on into Washington. 

Before retiringthat night he saw Col. Ellsworth march- 
ing at the head of his regiment on the wav to the boat 
landmg, from which they crossed the Potomac, landing at 
Alexandria at daylight the next morning. 

He took the morning train for Harrisburg, Pa., having 
only money enough to pay his fare that far towards 
home. By the kindness of friends he reached Elmira and 
his old home two days later, onlv regretting that his 
brother had been left among the enemies of his country 
without any means of communicating with him. 

On March 17. 1862, he enlisted as a drummer in Com- 
pany I, 103rd Regiment. X. Y. Volunteer Infantrv, at 
Elmira, and four days later started for the front. 

Comrade Carey being an educated musician was soon 
attached to the regiment;l band, and after that was dis- 
continued, was chief musician in the regiment, having 
charge of the fife and diiim corps and buglers, occupvinu 
this position during his term of service of three venrs. 
His violin, which >vas always an indis[icnsable part oi 
the camj) and garrls.^u equippage of Conipanv I, was the 
source ot a great deal ol cnjoyinctit to everv member, not 
only of thj conipanv. hut the ro'.jimcnt, and when wearieil 
with the march and battk- tiie beautiful, soothing sirains 
of the violin rested the tired mu.><c]e and wearied brain oi 


1 1 N 7/ 

all in hearing distance. These strains of sweet ransic in 
camp life were like oases ia the desert of sand to the 
weary traveler well-nigh overcome with the dry, parched, 
A'aterless track of the weary da\', and they will ever be 
remembered by the boys of Company I. 

When the company came to Washington in September, 
1S62, Comrade Carey was placed in Judiciary Square 
Hospital, being sick with chills and fever, where he was 
treated for two weeks. 

In speaking of the camp near Warrenton, Va., better 
known as "Camp Starvation," Comrade Carey says: 
"On the fourth da}- of November, 1862, at sunset, on 
reaching Warrenton. we camped with but little in our 
h iversacks, and as but little had been gathered on our 
way, our best meal was a scanty one. We v^-ere expect- 
ing to receive supplies there, but as the enemy had cap- 
tured our supply train, we were forced to do v\-ithGut for 
four days until su])plies could be sent on. I never had 
known to the full extent what the word hunger meant 
until that time. I went to where the wagon train was 
•Standing, and in the comers of the troughs where the 
mules had been fed I found corn and oats, the mules being 
unal'le to get what was in the corner. I obtained quite a 
quantity, took it to the cook tent and roasted it. This I 
ate with much relish. That night our hearts were made 
glad at the sight of hardtack boxes. I will never forget 
It. Soon were issued rations of pork, cofiee, beans and 
heel, and we were again ha])py. 

.\nother dav's march brought us to the banks of the his- 
t'>rlc Rappahannock River, opposite Fredericksburg, and 
f again looked on the scenes that were familiar a\car ago 
'iiidcr ver}- dilTerenl circimistances; where I enjoyed ik.e 
'iospitality of Southern people. What a change in so 
^•I'M-t a space of time. Our camp was pitclied between 
'" le Day House and the Phi]lij)s Mansion, where only a 
'ear before I had seen many gay and hap[)y faces, both 


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old and young, and where our music added to the gavcty 
of the throng; now the raarshalitig of troop and the rum- 
ble of artillery tells of the fast approaching terrible con- 
flict. Yes, what a change! 

The battle of Fredericksburg followed on the 11th. 
12th, and 13th of December, 1SG2. • Our position on a 
prominence afforded a good view of the city, the ranqc 
of heights bevond on which the eneniv had fortified, and 
all their batteries and rifle pits were in plain view. Gen- 
eral Burnside, wishing to get a better view than was al- 
forded from the ground, made a balloon ascension, the 
balloon making a very pretty target for the rebel artil- 
lervmen. They blazed awav. The shot came near enough 
to the balloon to make it sway to and fro to such an ex- 
tent as to make the general think it might be dangerous 
up there and came hastily down. As our camp was in 
line with the balloon from the rebel guns the shot landed 
in one corner of the cam]). The force being much spent. 
however, and the men mostly being at the front, no dani- 
asre was done. It was, however a novel sight. 

The second day of the liattle was severe. We could see- 
the lines of soldiers march up in splendid order, as none 
but brave and tried men can do. Then there would conic 
forth from all along the line a blaze of fire, mowing great 
gaps in the ranks, showing how terrilile must be the los^ 
of life. 

At last, with no ho])2 oi' success; it was deemed prudent. 
to withdraw, and at night of the third day, undercover 
of darkness, the i)ridges were covered with earth, which 
muffled the sound of wagons and artillery, and before 
davll'^ht came all had safelv recrossed the river and were 
back in their cam])s again." 

He thus speaks of his brother's escr.jjc from rebeldoni: 
While sitting in mv tent one sunny afternoon in Marcli. 
1863, mv bri)ther. who tank mc to IJrandy Station th:i'^ 
morning in Mav, 1S(U . came in. I had heard nothin.i: 

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from him, and did not know whether he had gone from 
Virginia or not. Of course I was vervmiich surprised and 
overjoyed. It was with some trouble that he returned to 
the Couse farm, being stopped on the wa\' several times. 
While he remained there he was much annoved, being ob- 
liged to obey the orders of the Confederate soldiers who 
came to the house, many times at night, when the whole 
family would be obliged to get up and let them search the 
house. At one of these times thev took Peter Couse, the 
hrother, away, and he was confined in a prison at Rich- 
mond, where he died from neglect. 

The three sisters remained on their farm, my brother 
also, improving in health. The excitement grew higher 
until at the battle of Bull Run, July 21st, the booming of 
cannon could be distinctly heard. The summer davs 
l)assed with much exciting news. The ladies suffered 
much on account of their sympathy and pent-up feelings, 
as not a word could be uttered expressing their feelings. 
Much of their property was confiscated, flespite their 
pleading. Winter came and went, and spring came and 
with it General Sedgwick with the gallant old sixth 
corps who occupied Fredericksburg. As my brother was 
very desirous to get into the Union lines the ladies took 
him into their carriage verv early one morning, and, mak- 
ing a rapid detour, evaded the rclx^l pickets undiscovered 
iiiuil near the Union line. A squad of cavalry started 
•liter them, however, but the carriage and its occupants 
■vere so near the Union lines the Confederates halted and 
»o further pursuit was attempted. The regiment on duty 
•'t that point and time was one from New York State, 
'U'l in its ranks were two cousins and many acquain- 
'inccs who recogTiized mv brother when he stepped from 
^•'ie carriage. Of course a most enthusiastic rece])ti()n 
' 'Howe J, and ca[)s were Hung high in iiir, while shoi;ts ol 
.''»y rang out, none more so than my brother at his suc- 



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cessfiil escape from rcbeldom. The ladies returned to 
their home unmolested. 

Speaking of the battle of Suffolk, May 3d, 1863, Com- 
rade Carev says: We were ordered across the Xansemoiid 
River. I having command of the drum corps, and ahead, 
marched side by side with Colonel Ringold across the 
bridge and up the slope across a large field. Skirmishers 
were thrown out who soon engaged the rebel pickets an<I 
a warm engagement was kept up all day. resulting in 
many being killed and wounded, among them being Cap- 
tain Schmidt of Company A. It was well tovv-ard niohi 
when a charge was made on a rebel battery, which had 
annoyed us much during the day. Colonel Ringold re- 
ceived three bullets in his body, from which wounds he 
died during the night. 

The duty of the drum corps during a battle was to aid 
the wounded, and hearing that Captain Schmidt was in a 
serious condition on the right of the line I took a few 
drummers and a stretcher and started to find him As 
the regiment was extended a long distance and mucii 
popping going on. there was much danger, the rebel line 
being close to ours. I determined, however, to rescue the 
captain. As we were crossing an old cornheld a vollev 
was fired from a distance, and it was amusing amidst all 
the danger to see how cpiick we found the verv lowest 
part in the corn rows and how very Hat we could '.ic 
though it afforded very little protection. Soon we 
sprang to our feet and ran to reach the right of the line 
where the Caj)tain was supposed to lie wounded, when 
another volley came and we were again with our faces in 
the dirt. Some laughing was indulged in there. There 
were some "cloth wounds," one bullet passing tiirorgb 
the fi-ont })iecc of a cap .is the v/eare;- droi.ped to the 
grtiund. a close call we thought. Aga.iii we were up an<. 
at it, making the distance into a ravine under cover, the 
third volley tearing through the brush civcrhead like hail. 


.>'}.' j':- .u:f:c-<'j 

The troundec] Captain was fonnd, placed on a stretcher, 
and u-e made our way into Suffolk to the hospital where 
he received proper care Returning to the field of battle 
we met the ambulance brhiging Colonel Ringold, mor- 
tally wounded, the last time I ever saw him." 

Again speaking of an engagement on James Island, 
S. C, he says; "We soon made an attack of James Is- 
land, going over in the night to Tiger Island, and at da}'- 
hglit drove in the rebel ]:)ickets from their hiding. After 
much corn popping we succeeded in gaining and crossing 
a deep ditch, beyond which was a fine large plat of grass, 
the regiment marching in double file as we entered it. I 
was ordered to march my drum corps to the right to let 
the regiment pass, and after fifteen yards had been gained 
file right was ordered, which brought us in the rear of the 
regiment, our place in battle line. 

The regiment had marched its length when "left flank 
march" was ordered. The men "dressed" in splendid line 
abreast. At this instant, from across the field about one 
hundred yards, opened a two-brass gun battery, with 
shot and shell. The earth fairly trembled, so did the 
earth and sand which tlie grape and canister tore up. 
Much excitement prevailed for part of a minute, but the 
men rallied nobly. While they were so doing we (the 
drum corps) felt that we were in the way and plunged 
into the big ditch just in our rear, of course to keep from 
being stepjjcd upon. In one minute's time the regiment 
vvGs on a charge for the batter}-, taking it with one gun- 
ner. Though the fighting was of short duration, many 
"A ere killed and wounded. I followed close with my 
drummers, having stretchers to take care of the wour.d- 
v-'d. A battery from up the Island now opened with heavy 
■■■■hell, and as it wa-^ c)]x-n grf:^und iliey got good range oi 
'iK' field and made it a hoi ])lace to stay. We manaued. 
iiowever, in a few hours to pick up many and get them 
•mt of ranije of tiie deadlv missiles." 

Coming to the ti'ne of muster-out he says; Our time 
expired in March, 1865, and on the 12th took a boat 
down the river to Old Point Comfort, where we shipped 
on board a transport for Xew York. 

Before taking the boat down the river and while wait- 
ing for our belongings to be put on board Comrade T. M. 
Tyrrell and myself took a little stroll arovmd City Point. 
The boat was loaded and pulled out from shore leaving 
us and had made well out into the river when we reached 
the landing. It so happened that Col. Heine w as stand- 
ing: on deck and seein 2: us as I signaled to him, ordered 
the boat stopped. As we were fortunate enough to find 
a small boat and two good good oarsmen, we put out in 
hot pursuit. The river being high and quite rapid atthat 
point made it necessary to keep the wheels (.)f the big boat 
in backward motion, which made it difficult to get near 
the gangway. Good strong men came to our assistance 
and T\Trell was safely landed on board. When it came 
my turn, the boat was drawn by the motion of the wheels 
from under me and only bv a strong hand grasping me 
by the collar saved nic for my feet alreadv touched the 
water. When well out to sea, on way to New York, 
many congratulations were indidged in that so manv ot 
us had lived throusfh the danjiers of war, soon to reach 
our homes, friends and firesides. 

The second day landed us at CastleGarden and we were 
soon marching up Broadwav. escorted bv the Seventh 
Regiment and its famous band. As our arrival had been 
announced in the city news])apers the people filled tl'.c 
windows i'mm the first to the toj) stories of the buildings 
along the cit\''s greatest thoroughtare ar;d the hand- 
clapjiingwas deal'ening. Flags and handkerchiefs seemed 
to cover the front ot every blork. I am snre scene 
will nover he effaced from inv nienioi-v. Mv eves tillet! 
with tears and 1 saw manv ot mv comrades gi\ing veni 
to their feeliniis in the same wav. It was a dav to be re- 

■i.--i'j!--'i![: '■ -r :) 'jH' 


mcmbcred, a reception of welcome and appreciation by 
thepeople of our efforts to save the nation. 

After reaching my home at Waverly, N. Y., and after 
getting the needful rest we were joyfully surprised at the 
return of a brother, A. H. Carey, who had been in Aus- 
tralia since 1852, having gone there in search of gold. 
His efforts being rewarded and the war in America ended, 
he retured to spend his days in his native land. 

Ths whole f:unily of us joined hands and moved to the 
state of Delaware, purchased a farm near Dover and went 
into small fruit-raising for the northern markets. There 
were in the family as follows: Father Absalom Carev, 
A. H. and wife, B. F.: D. \V.; Elizabeth Laura; C. M. and 
our mother Rebecca. The climate was all we could desire 
lor the latitude. I remained in the combination for three 
years but finding the toil too severe for me concluded to 
finish a trade of which I had some knowledge alreadv. 
that of watch-waker and jeweler. I got a i)osition with 
Ileadley & Bush, 229 Market St., Wilmington, Del. 

Having some acquaintcince with Mr. C. I. Bush while 
he was keeping tiie .\merican Hotel near the depot. Elmi- 
ra, X. Y., we had a very pleasant business acquaintance. 

When I had finished my trade in '69 I opened business 
HI Wyoming, Del., near Dover. The town was not large 
enough to suit me and having a desire to see the western 
country I turned my business over into the hands of my 
brothcrC. M. and joined X. W. Leaitts Swiss Bell Ringers 
troupe No. 3. H. W. Holbrook, manager. As thcv were 
to make a tour west and as I was quite handy with many 
instruments which the}' were ])laying I was taken in as a 
iiaiidy man. I was soon able '.o man.ipulate the bells and 
filled my part in the band aiid orchestra. Our advance 
■ fgent led us through Dtle^^•are, IMaryland, iicrc^s tl:e 
• vik'ghauies. through I*eT.n>vIvaniii, Ohio, iiuo ilic r.orih 
juirt of Indiiina, iriio Alichigan. I !-p'cnt the win- 
ter of '72 and '73 where one day the mercury ran down 



• to thirty degrees below zero. In May we left Michigan 
and followed the lake shore from St. Josephs Citv out into 
Indiana and across into Illinois and on to Jancsville.Wis.. 
where mv engagement ended, I having an engagement o- 
a different nature, that of matrimony, which was to be 
filled on September 30, at East Orwell, Bradford Co., Pa. 

The bride elect being AlissFannieAI. Cook of chat place. 
The wedding bells rang in time and I was in mv place ac- 
cording to promise. After the ceremories we started on 
our wedding tour to Watkms Glen, X. V.; thence to Xev.- 
York city and to my home in Deleware, where I resumed 

On the morning of May 5th, 1875. there was bom to 
us a plumb girl baby with brown hair and dark eyes. It 
being the birthday of Gen. U, S. Grant's daughter Nellie 
we named her Xellie Grant Carey. 

I continued business in Wyoming until June, '76. when 
I sold much of my accumulated stock, packed the remain- 
ing part and tools and .started for a trip with mv wife 
and child to my wife's home in Pennsylvania, stopping at 
Philadelphia to see the great Centennial Exposition then 
opened. After a three days' stop here we proceeded to 
East Orwell, Pa., where we spent the summer and part of 
autumn, visiting meantime my old home in Waverly, X.Y.. 
and the surrounding countrv. 

We returned to the state of Deleware. where, at Seaford. 
I opened a jewelry store and carried on business success- 

On Oct. 31, '7S, Halloween, was born to us, a blue-eyed. 
Ihixen-haired girl baby, which was soon named Annelle 
Christine, after its mother's sister. 

I contmued Inisiness until December, '80, u hen I moved 
to Dover. Del., where a good ojiening av.airtv'i me. 1 did 
a mce!)usincvs there until J;ni.. 'sG, ju uiiich time I sohi 
out hxtures and some stoek and moved to I'liiladelphia 
onGermantown .\ve., where business wnsgood, and after 

V/ ('>■ , YJ^r. 7 j .(fl 


I the expiration of mv lease, Sept., '90, I moved to Frank- 

f iovt Ave., 4-430, where I increased my business. I con- 

I tinued in business there until '96. Having a desire to 

I move to a milder climate I chose Hampton, Va., where I 

i am still in the watcli and icwelrv business in 1900. There 

I are many things to enjoy here as we arc near Hampton 

I Roads, where the finest fish and 03'stcrs are in great 

I quantities. Sailing and fishing is an enjo\-able pastinse. 

i ■ — — 

I ■ ■ 


I HHj ah B. Cooper, son ot Lciben and Sarah (Woodin) 

I Cooper, was born in Springfield township, Brad- 

I lord couutv. Pa., fanuarv 22, 1S47. He was brought 

a, . . . , 

I up on the farm an<l received his education at the 

* '■ 

I common school wiiere he resided. At the aije of 15 

I , . , . , ^ " . 

I h'j enlisted at Elniira, X. Y., F"cbriiar\- 10th, lS62,in Cap- 

I tain \Vm. M. Crosbv's Compa.nv I, 103rd Regiment X. 

I V. Volunteers. 

i He was with his company in its marches, campaigns, 

';^ -'vie. at Xewberne. X. C, and Hatteras Island. X. C, but 

I Nvas taken sick with malaria in September of same year, 

|, i'.id left at Armory Scpiare Hospital. Washington, D. C, 

I uvo months. In Xovember he received a furlough from 

I there, and after thirtv days returned to convalescent 

I ■' imj) at -Vlexandria, Va.,soon afterrejoininghiscomjiany 

I 'I'd regiment on the march from Antietam, ^Id.. to 

I '•■"rcclericksljurg, \'a. Me participated in the engagements 

f -t Pollocksvillc. X. C. Mav 62; Charleston. S. C; sic2:e 

^. ■ , - , . . . 

f "i SutTolk, Va.; the Shcnandoali \'allev campaii^^n in the 

f'. . . 
■ itumn of lS61r; skirmishes and actions in which tlie 

^ -. 

i 'inpanv was engaged, and was finally discharged, after 

^ -'".rc-o vears' scr\"Ice, <at Xcv\- York citv, Marcli 17th, lS6v5. 

'§, '^-oniracle Co;)per wa.s the voungest of five brothers, :ill 

il ■' whom served in tlie civil war, viz.: Wallace, killed, 

§ ' •I'.l James, Companv F., (uh Regiment Pa. Reserves; 


.■>fj:y •' • 1 ^o ■. /;Jf 

Alva,, of Company C, 132nd Regiment Pa. Vols., and 
Laben, teamster, who retui-ned to their homes. 

These five brothers were from fighting stock, their pa- 
ternal grandfather serving in the \\ar for Independercc. 
and barelv esca])ing from the Wyoming massacre. 

Their father, at the age of 22, at the commencemerii 
of the war of 1812, was one of the first to enlist, and 
served in the 23rd U. S. Infantrv; he was wounded four 
different times. One ball passed through his shoulder, two 
shots in the arm, and a fourth ball cutting ofi a finger 
He died at the age of 84 years, in 1874. 

The subject of this sketch was married in Smithfield 
township, Bradford county. Pa., to Jane Leonard, who 
was bom June, 1849, and died April 22, 1873. 

He was again married Xov. 20, 1878, at Athens, Pa., to 
Elizabeth, daughter of Thaddeus and Rachael (Thomp- 
son) Hills. By this marriage were born six children, viz : 
Hubert, born Sept. 13th, 1879, died April 11, 1881; 
Frank L., born April 26th, 18S1, died Alay 30, 1881; 
Willie W., bom August 17th, 1882: Mary B., born Sept 
26, 1886; Jennie L., born June 16, 1891; Joe W., born 
April 7th, 1893. 

After following the ^rocerv trade, also being engaged 
in lumbering operation's, Comrade Cooper now own^- 
and conducts "F'airview" fruit farm, ne:ir ]\lilan,Pa. IK- 
is a member of Phelps Post, Xo. 124, G. A. R.. East 
Smithfield, Pa. 


Thomas Cuddcback was born in Orange county, N. \ • 
May 30th. 1845. He enlisted at Plmira. X. Y., Februa'y 
10, 1862. in Company I, 103rd X. V. Volnnteer Tnfai!- 
try. nnd went t(^ tlie front with the comi^ianv; wa^ 
wonndcd :i!i(l c.ikoii pri-oncr at tiic Ijattle of AnLictin:'- 
Md., Sept. 17th, ls62, anil was recaptured at Sheppcrd>- 
town, Va., Sjpt. 29th, same vear. He was dischar^^'--' 



at Frederick City, Md., February IStli, 1863, bnt re-en- 
listcd December 22nd, same year, in Company D, First 
Regiment New York Mounted Rifles, and served till the 
close of the war. 

In 1866 he went West, since which time he has been en- 
gaged in farming and stock raising in Illinois, Missouri 
and Kansas. He is at present residing at Spring Hill, 


Daniel M. Dickerson. son of Daniel and Lvdia (Wheeler) 
Dickerson, of Ridgebury. Bradford county, Pa., was bom 
at the above named place July 10, 184-6. His parents 
came from the State of Xcw Jersey, and both father and 
mother died when Daniel M. was less than two vears of 
age. He found a home with different relatives, obtaining 
his education in the common schools, which he left on 
January 25, 1862. to enlist at Elmira, X. Y., in Capt. 
Crosby's Company "I," then being formed for the l()3rd 
Regiment, X. Y. Yolunteer Infantry. He was at first re- 
jcjicd on account of his age, but the recruiting officer 
ol)taincd a certificate from the boy's guardian that he 
was IS years old and lie was enrolled, examined and 
auistered into the service. Comrade Dickerson claims 
'hat he is the youngest and smallest man enlisted at 
f'hnira in Companv "I." 

While passing tiirough Washington, D. C, on the wav 
' '> the front in March, 1S62, he u-as ])oisoncd. it is sup- 
p'>>ed, by eating some pastry sold on the street, and was 
•^•it at the hospital at .Vnnapolis. Md. Upon recoverv he 
^vas sent to Fortress Monroe, Ya., but on ascertaining 
''"■al. his co'.np.any and rc_rimc!it was in Xorth Carolina. 
'■ ' '>'."as taken in charge by Col. Howard and ])iacc(l in 
Co:ur)any H. 85th Reginient, Pa. \'ols., where he served 
'^'I'-ough che siege of Yorktown umler Gen. McClellan. 

.u\iL 1 ..Ml .-/:!?■) 

•! u. 


then Vv'cnt to Williamsburg, Va., White House Landing, 
etc. After this he was taken with typhoid fever near the 
Chickahomony Swamps and sent back to the U. S. Gen- 
eral Hospital at Washington. During his sickness he was 
not expected to recover. Ever\-thing seemed like a dream 
for about three months. After he was able to go out he- 
only weighed ninety pounds. 

After some time spent in convalescent camp, lie joined 
his own company and regiment at Falmouth, Va., during 
the winter of 18^2-3. He writes that at this time Ik- 
found present in the company only tifteen of those win* 
left Elmira less than one \ear before. 

From this time he remained with the companv, sharing 
its privations, partici])ating in all engagements or actions 
till he was mustered out about two months after the 
expiration of his term of three years enlistment. Com- 
rade Dlckerson was a biavc, trustworthy soldier, never 
flinching from duty or danger. He was hon(n-ablv dis- 
charged at New York City, March 17, 1S(35, and re- 
tvirned to his home. 

He worked on lann and engaged in teaching school 
several, went to Dakota and engaged in fruit 


Gardner A. Longwell, son of John and Margaret (Gard- 
ner) Longwell, of Kr.iland towtiship, Tioga county. Pa . 
was born in v-^ussex eountv. .\. ]., Se])t. 15, 1825. A few 
years later his father moved to Bellvillc, Canada, \\hcie 
he lived till about ls:i7. The family then moved tc 
Bradford county. I'a., vvhere he purchased a farm and 
worked it lt>r a nuiniur ot ycars--|-.r()1)ablv less than ter 
Selling out his l.-irm Lhc fat her moved to Rutland, Ticj • 
county, Pa., v,'hero he again purchased a farm. The 
father died aliout a year after this, and the subject of this 

I \2 

■. .i : . 1 ■::,AJ. /Jj'i 

sketch took up the burden of responsibih'ty and cnre of 
his mother, clearing up the farm and adding improve- 
ments year after year. He early showed a disposition to 
buy and sell farm stock, which has been a characteristic 
of his lite to the present time. 

He has always been a farmer, and has followed that 
vocation, owning different farms in Rutland and Rich- 
mond townships, more on the line of raising, buying and 
selling stock than other lines of husbandry. 

March 27, 1878. he married Mrs. Sarah A. Marley, 
daughter of Thomas and Matilda (Wilson) Jeradd, of 
Mansfield, Pa., by whom he had two children, viz.: 
Thomas Herbert, who died at less than three vears of 
age, and Harrv Willis, who Hves with his father. 

About the time of maiTlage Comrade Longwell moved 
to a farm about two miles east of Mansfield, where he 
still resides. Mrs. Longwell died January 12, 1892. 

He enlisted at Elmira, X. Y., January 25, 1862, in Capt. 
Crosby's Company "I," 103rd X. Y. Vols. March 21st 
he went from Elmira with the companv. At Washing- 
ton, D. C, it joined the regiment, and April 1st was at 
Xewbeme, X. C. just captured from the enemv bv the 
expedition under Gen. Burnside. Comrade Longwell 
served with the company till September, 1S62. 


Lucius L. Flower was born in Xcwark, Tioga Countv. 
His father, of English ancestry, was born at Feeding 
Hills, Mass. His mother, whose maiden nam.e was Clara 
Hoagland, was of Dutch descent, and was born at Berk- 
shire, Tioga County, X. Y. In 184-8 his parents moved 
to Mecklenburg. X. Y.. but the next year settled at Rey- 
uoldsvillc, same county, where he attcn.ded the public 
■school as circumstances would permit until at the age of 
nineteen years, he enlisted January 24-, 1862, at Elmira. 




X. Y., in Compa-iy I, 103d Regiment, New York Volun- 

Tiiis sketch is intended to describe something of the ex- 
per'sii^e of the writer, as well as other members of the 
sa-iie company, as may be deemed necessarv: 

The company was cp,iartcred on West Water Street, El- 
mira. in a brick building that was then known as "Cold 
Sprin^■ Brewei-y," and ate at the hotel diagonally across 
the street to the right, now called the West End. Thev 
had old mattresses placed on the floor to sleep on, which 
caused mnch grumbling at the time. The company left 
Elmira on Alarch 21st, and joined the regiment at Meri- . 
dian Hill, Washington, D. C. This regiment was com- 
posed mostly of Germans, wlio although good soldier^ 
were not as congenial companions to those as of the same 
naLionality. They here received their guns and full equip- 
]'agc oi a soldier, rind drew from the commissary th.eir 
first genuine soldier's ration of coffee and "hard tack." 
W iien they left their camp on March 25th Secretary ot 
Slate Seward (lelivered a short address and presented a 
United States baitleflag, also a State flag, to the regi- 

Tlic trip to Aimapolis, Aid., was made in cattle cars. 
wiiC'-c they arrived on the morning of the. 26th of March. 
Here the subject of this sketch performed his first dutv as 
a, and to illustr tte his idea of militarv duty it 
may be said that his orders were not to allow anyone i<> 
[■ass on board the boat or scow without a pass, and it 
tojic the sergeant of the guard, the officer of the dav, the 
Mt-rirtermaster sergeant, and several swearing German 
c.viks to convince him that tlie Ijoys wanted tlieir break- 
last. Here, while the regiment was being transferred t'> 
i!i- large Steamer Hricson, Priyate Ilcrnuin Wager f!'.*-'.' 
irom Poisoning, die first death in Compan\ I. Atte:- . 
srormy yoyage and ;i general casting up of accotmis a":I, the regiment was landed at Xewberne, N. C od 


^ '■' fvt:.f I rno'..' .:. , '■'' /^ 

April 1st, joining General Burnside's old Ninth ArmT 
Coi-ps,aud engaged in doing picket dntj and getting used 
to arm\' life. Here Colonel EglotYstein organized about 
14-0 men as a mounted gue-illa squad and made a raid on 
PoUocksville, situated a few miles southwest of New- 
berne, where they lost several in killed and wounded, the 
Colonel himself being severe! v shot in the lesr resultinsf in 
amputation. His horse was killed under him. Their re- 
turned to cam{) with a long line of negroes, cattle, and 
mules hauling wagons, containing the wounded in their 
blood V clothes and dirt-bcijrimmed faces, wearing that 
])eculiar expression of suffering characteristic of the 
wounded, gave an impression of dread and foreboding 
that was only dissipated by a larger experience with 
scenes of a like nature. 

-Vfter a week doing outp'ost picket duty at Evans Mills, 
some seven miles from Xewberne, Companv I, with Com- 
]»anies E and K of the 103d Regiment, were ordered to 
IlatLeras Island for garrison «luty. This proved to be a 
very unhealthy location for the bovs of the companv, 
many of them being sick and a number of them succumbed 
to the malaria and typhoid from the contaminated a.t- 
inosphere, among them !)eing 2d Lieutenant W. L. Dud- 
ley and First Sergeant Simeon E. L. Wilbur. Here the 
thermometer registered 1 10° to 130*^ in the shade for sev- 
eral da\'s. On September 7th the three companies of the 
10;;d Regiment left Hattcras Island to join the regiment 
already in the Army of the Potomac, going via Roanoke 
Island auJ Ship Canal to Norfolk and Fortress Monroe; 
th-juce up the Potomac River to Wasliington. On the 
'-'-^th tlic}' left the Cai-'ital Citv. and joined the regiment 
iicar the mouth of Antietam Creek, Md., two davs later. 
Tins was tlij fii'sL real marching ilid. and li'.cv beinG: 
'•■'luiscd to it made ti.c knajisack much heavier. hr.d 
no tents, so slept in the open air untd October !ilst. suf- 
■'Tiiig from cold, chillv nights and heavv rains. On the 

,3-1 fi 



7th of October they marched over the mountains and en- 
camped at Pleasant Vallc}-, Md., onh- tire or six of Com- 
pany I keeping in the ranks. The^' remained at this camp 
till the 28th of the month, when they marched forward, 
crossing the Potomac near Knoxville, and encamped 
about one and one half miles south of Lovettsville, Va. 
From there the route was to\vards Leesburg. through 
Unionville and Uptonville, encam]:)iDg on the other side oi 
the railroad beyond Rectortown; thence through Orleans, 
where the\' skirmished for Johnnies, and encamped about 
one mile south. On the 7th of November thev moved 
camp about tour miles during a snow storm, and en- 
camped near Parker's Mills. Homer Case fell out of the 
ranks just alter leaving camp, and was never heard from 
again. It was supposed he perished in the storm. The 
chief characteristic of this campaign at this time seems 
to have been a lack of food, extreme chilly rains, snows 
and mud, and a general played out condition of all hands, 
including the mules, and to keep the men from getting 
homesick ,:hey were marched out about a mile from cam]* 
to lie on the ground over night and marched back to then- 
old camp next da v. 

On the 1-ith of Xovembjr Comrade Flower was detaileci 
to do guard duty at General Gettv's headquarters, and 
the next day when the regiment marched toward Freder- 
icksburg, he was left as safeguard at a residence, but fol- 
lowed on through mud and rain, rejoining the comipanv 
on the 2Gth. For his Thanksgiving dinner he had oi'.e 
"hanl tack" nx-islcd, iollowed by a few davs of poof 
health, not so much on account of the stomach being 
overloaded as on account of the general run down condi- 
tion, caused by the hardship of aetive mditarv campaiiiii 
;.t tl.i^ season of the vear 

1 he ])OTn<)(*!i boats having arrived on the night of the 
lOth and morain- of the 11th of December. Genera! 
Hooker's comm.and crossed the river about 10 o'clock oi" 

■:- '-^ni -v^O-.OV; .f'-' 

that day and occupied Frcdericksburj?, and for the next 
three days were entertained by Lon^^street's forces on 
Mayres Hill, creating liistory for future generations. The 
ground was like a plowed field, as it was raked bv shot 
and shell, one of which caused him to turn a somersault 
by tearing through the ground under his feet, but on re- 
gaining the use of his legs and having a dread of being 
shot in the back, he forged ahead and found the regiment 
lying on the ground for the purpose of shielding them- 
selves from the terrible fire of musketry. 

The next advance they gained cover under a bank, and 
waited for other troops to come up on their left. A New 
Hampshire regiment could not stand the ordeal and took 
to their heels. The line being broken, the regiment re- 
mained in the same position until dark, when they re- 
turned to town. Repeated efforts were made to connect 
with their line, but the effort proved futile, as the firing 
would be so intense at such times that the air was filled 
with dirt as well as lead, and he remarks that he never 
hugged old mother earth so close before. He realized 
they were whipped and that badly, as thcv fell back 
among the heaps of dead with the ground slipperv with 
blood and the sickening smell attending it. but was con- 
soled by the thought that they had done as well as they 
could and thanked God they were left to trv again. On 
the night of the 15th of December the regiment recrossed 
the pontoon bridge, and returned to the old camp to re- 
sume the routine of camp and guard duty. With rain, 
'nud, and snow, and cold, freezing weather, he notes that 
'"1 the 19th six men froze to death on the picket line 
'ilong the river. 

'hi the Gth of February the regiment broke camp nnd 
'«v»-nt by rail to .Vcquia Cieek, there took the Steamer 
Hero to Fortress Monroe, and the next dav landed at 
-^-wport News. They were assigned barracks, with 

" -W-O' 

r-- r 

v-6>. .^.-r. 1 

nothing to do but drill, go on fatigue, inspections, have 
the ague, the itch, and kill lice. 

So far very little has been said about the rations re- 
ceived or the manner of cooking. The principal rations 
were "hardtack," coffee and sugar, salt pork, beef ami 
beans; also at times rice, which, though generally good. 
was often spoiled in cooking. Split peas were generallv 
ripe and full of Kttle black bugs, though the process of 
splitting was supposed to prevent the larva from hatch- 
ing. Occasionally a dried mixture called "dessicated veg- 
etables" was issued, packed in boxes like plug tobacco. 
It was made up, as near as could be conjectured, of cab- 
bage leaves, turnips, carrots and numerous other unrec- 
ognizable substances. These, when boiled in a sheet-iron 
kettle and well scorched, looked like goot], rich hoi,^- 
feed. and. together with the tlies it usually contained i-i 
solution, was a big load for the stomach of a soldier. 
They also drew molasses, occasionally bacon and ham. 
When in caiup for winter or in i)ermanent quarters, the 
Commissary could issue rations of soft bread and fresh 
beef, which was usually very good, as the bread was 
baked in ovens built by the troops for the purpose, aiui 
the beef was killed near by as wanted for use. At times, 
but very seldom, rations of codfish, onions or potatoo 
were issued, but of these the rank and file got but little 
The officers' mess .seem to be well supplied. The sanie 
about whisky, and if there is any luxury left out in thi-^ 
enumeration, any old soldier knows it can l^e found in tlic 
ofticers' mess. 

The company cook was an individual unicpie in manv 
respects. In the stirring limes of which we are writin;.: 
the Examining Boards aece!)ted men that were not quite 
up to the stnndnrd in all cases. Sometimes his le-s wc.v 
crooked, ami he spoiled the looks o{ the line when -.• 
dress parade. Possi})ly he was near-sighted, or perhn]- 
lacked just a UilIj in calibre.^ Then a^'-ain he 

i\\ lO ( 

! ■ ,1' 

mi^ht be one of those whole-souled, big-hearted individ- 
uals, one of those whose heart occupied so much room 
that there was no place left for "sand." Such men were 
sometimes detailed for company cook, and never were 
men more careful to follow the old ada.j^e, to keep on the 
right side of the cook. His "kit" consisted of an axe, and 
irom none to half a dozen sheet-iron kettles, which were 
carried in the regimental baggage wagon, together with 
his personal effects. This applied to such time> as when 
the troops were in heavy marching order. On pitchint^ 
camp at night his first work was to make sure of his ket''- 
tles. If he did not. they would invariably be lost or bor- 
rowed by some other cook, in which case he must do as 
others had, borrow, beg or steal. Two stakes driven in 
the ground, with a pole across from one to the other, 
completes the outfit for the kettles, in which are cooked 
the meat, the bean soup and the indispensable coffee, 
usmg water from the nearest swamp, creek or spring. 
Sometimes the ketties were washed, but oftener not. As 
to sanitary conditions, he neither knew nor cared. He 
could tell a snake if he saw it in his kettle and would erap. 
ty it out, but when it came to microbes or fever ^erms 
he had yet to hear of them. 

On March 14th the regiment left Newport News by 
steamer for Norfolk, thence by railroad to Suffolk, Va. 
On arrival, Comrade Flower was detailed ior guard dur- 
ing the niglit, being now once more in the Eastern Depart- 
ment under the coinn;and of General Peck. Here the 
brigade com])rise(] the H)3rd Regiment, the 9tli X. Y. 
Volunteers, better known as "Hawkins' Zouaves," and 
the S9th X. Y. Vols. The three regiments could probably 
turn out ten or twelve hundred men. It was here that 
Lieut. Col. Kimball, of the Zouaves, was st;ot flcad bv 
Ceneral Corcoran, a cowardly and unwarranted act. 

From this time, during the time the rebels beseigcd Suf- 
folk, the regiments moved out to the breastworks and 


11 ■•>:-'- 7!C :j 

J .;''^^' 

lay under arms constantly, or stacked them in line, 
ready at a moment's notice. On the 24th of April a re- 
connolssance was ordered, in which the 103rd was in- 
cluded. After a sharp skirmish the enemy was driven 
back. On Sunday, Ma\' 3rd, Comrade Flower, with his 
compam- and regiment, with several others, crossed the 
Nansemond river and attacked theenemy in their entrench- 
ments, west of the town, but were held in check bv a bat- 
tery in a neck of woods on the right flankl In the effort 
to dislodge it, they lost their Colonel and several otlier 
officers and men. For several hours thereafter there 
seemed to be no one in command, but inscitictivelv, or 
from a habit acquired by constant training, the}^ would 
not move without orders, but covered themselves behind 
any object that would afford any protection, keeping 
up the firing whenever an opportunity presented itseli. 
each man being commander of his own force, as it were. 
During this afternoon a United States gunboat in the 
river, firing at the rebel battery over the heads of our 
troops, dropped its shells short of the mark, thev burst- 
ing within our own lines. Flower might have been seen. 
when this gunboat fired, to flop to the rebel side of the 
stump behind which he was sheltered, then back again 
after the. Yonkee shell had exploded. The next dav the 
rebels had evacuated our front and were reported on 
their way to Chancellorsville. 

During the past month the regiment had been quartered 
in shelter tents, but on Tuesday, Mav 6th, thev again oc- 
cupied their old crim]) with "A" tents, sometimes called 
wedge tents. These were made to accommodate four to 
six men, and when elevated on posts four feet above the 
ground, and enclosed at the bottom with pieces of shelter 
tent, made a very go(Hl \v;dl tent. In the^e bunks were 
built, antl s')!ncLiines a small fireplace constructed <'l' 
sticks and mud. 

It is not to be e.Kpeeted that these jn-ivations and ex- 


^i:. 7" -ii^. •: .- :?""'oo (fdiriB -''i^nfr 

J ■ l\ 

posurea were passed through without more or less sick- 
ness, aud, to ilhistrate this point, Comrade Flower gives 
a few extracts from his diar\' about this time: 

Tuesday, Ma\^ 5th, 1863. — It is wet weather, with 
plenty of mud. Have an awful headache. 

May 6th — Occupied our old camp aud big tents, which 
we appreciate. Plad an ague chill. 

May 7 — Had an ague chill. 

Ma\ Sth— It is cold and foggv. Colonel Ringold's re- 
mains were sent to New York to-day. Had an ague 

May 9th — Weather fair. Had no chill, but am tired 
and cannot take my rations. Ordered to be ready to 
move camp to-morrow. 

May 10th — Struck tents and marched four miles down 
and one mile back from the river (Xansemond). Wood- 
ticks are plenty, and I am sick. 

May 11th — Raised our tents four feet from the ground 
and built bunks to sleep on. The air is sultry. Can 
scarcely sit up. Had a chill. 

May 12th — It is hot. Am sick with the ague. "Went 
on picket at 9 o'clock p. m., to relieve the 4-th Rhode Is- 
land regiment. 

May ISth — Came in from picket about sunset. It 
rained nearly all day. 

May 14th — Moved camp near the river, in rear of Fort 
Connecticut. One company is detailed to guard Fort 
Excelsior. I am sick and weak with the ague. 

Ma\' lothr— ^lade our tents a little more comfortable. 
Xo chili but mighty tired. 

May IGth — Hotter than Hades and everything smells 
bad. ' 

May 1 7th — Went to sick call this forenoon. The doctor 
gave nic an 0])ium pill. 

The above shows the grade of doctor in the regiment. 
The men, as a general rule, had to tough it out. Occa- 


■ nr.tii .: y.i 

) jP i 


sionally he got excused from duty, but not often. The 
duty here was drilling, artillery- practice, working on tiio 
fortifications, doing picket duty, fighting liies and fleets 
and keeping the darkies all at work. He helped to mouni 
three thirty-two pounders and the same number of twen- 
ty pounder rifled guns and two ten-inch mortars. Alon- 
gnns came down from Suffolk the next day, and it began 
to look quite like fortifications again. 

On June 22 the regiment left the camp near Ports- 
mouth, Va., in light marching order, that is each soldier 
carried his gun anc cartridge box with its tortv rounds, 
of ammunition, with sixty rounds more in the haversack. 
and when you coTisider that in this case thev were 61- 
calibre it is quite eas}- to underc:^tand that with canteeri. 
haversack with rations, blanket, etc., it would become ;i 
heavy load before night in a long day's march. "Everv 
one carried just about what he chose in the wav of cov- 
ering. If too much he was sure to throw it awav on the 
march. For rations on such marches thev generallv 
drew "hardtack" and ground coffee. Xearlv everv sol- 
dier had an ordinary tin fruit can. with a bit of wire for 
a bail, in which they cooked their coffee bv suspendiiii: 
the cup over a small fire by a stick or possiblv his musket. 
and bayonet held in his hand. While carrving it wa;^ 
suspended to the outside fastening of the haversack. 

In one ot the last named camps there took ()lace what 
might be termed hunger versus authoritv. The cook c: 
Company "K" was very bow-lcgj^ed, so much so that tix- 
boys called him •buiUrog." The Colonel ( Heme), beini: 
quite fat and eorpnjjnt, they called him bv the same 
name, just for fun. Sd on the morning in question, as ihc 
men sat around their little fires cooking their coffee, tlic 
order w as uivcn lo i ill into line ar.d march awav. The 
could il:i\e litJ!) hrai'ti ihe enr.->iiio nt' ii\;\u\ liunfjrv nic;:. 
and but few were inclined to obev. Thev were told bv 
their ofiiccrs that the "'rebs" were comiiii,'' and wouk": 

rh -irp-ft 

ill ;.i Jl< .-'. ■ 

<^obble them np, but thej onlj grabbed their guns, sav- 
ing: "Let them come; we are going to have our cotiec," 
and have their coffee they did. Then as thev got in Ure 
and marched avv-ay they called out "Bullfrog I Bullfrog I" 
in the varioiis accents in which frogs are Vv'ant to croak. 
The Colonel asked one of the officei^s near who thev 
meant, and was informed it was him, whereupon he 
turned around in his saddle and called out : "You niav 
call me bullfrog as much as you like, but when I hddle 
you have got to dance." This called out a terrific storm 
of yells and croaks. However, the incident passed off 
Vv'ithout further demonstration, and thev bivouaced for 
the night at "White House, ' after passing through 
Lanesville. From White House the regiment marched to 
Williamsl)urg, Yorktown. Big Bethel, Hampton, and 
from thence went b:ick to their old camp near Ports- 
mouth, Va. 

On the steamer, while going from Portsmouth to I'ol- 
by Island, S. C, Comrade Flower thus narrates a cir- 
cumstance: "The sutler had smuggled some tive barrels 
of beer on board, with a lot of other stuff, which the men 
found, and by representing to the Colonel that it was 
spoiling on account of the roll of the ship; that officer 
ordered it dealt out to the men. Of course the men 
drank with a gusto, at the same time appropriating all 
the rest of his goods to their own use. Your humble ser- 
vant, rather than see it wasted, sccuied a piece of cheese, 
a plug or two of tobacco and some other little things not 
nccessarv to mcntioPi." 

Alter reaching Folley Island, S. C he savs his experi- 
ence with heavy artillery was limited, but he was soon 
to be initiated into its mysteries, or rather its effects, for 
•V; iiie evening of .-Vngust Tlrd thev wcr.t over tf Morris 
U!.uid and into the famous parallels in frnnt of I'ort 
■Vaguer to relieve other troops who h:ul been su]")j)orting 
tlie batteries. About the first thing he saw v^as u luit he 


I ". -t'l - f I J ^iuf'cv 



thou'^ht was a skv rocket rise from a rebel fort. Some 
one called out, "Cover, Jolmsoti 1" At the sarce time he 
heard the report of the mortar gun and the horrid screach 
of the ten-inch shell, which seemed to go slower and howl 
louder. He doubled up for a dive into the httle bomb- 
proof, but did so without effort, as the shell burst close 
to the oi-ound l^ehind him, landed him head foremost into 
it among three or four others. The force ot tne ex[jiosioi! 
lifted the top of the bomb-proof, letting the sand in o;i 
top of them. 

These parallels or breastworks were built in a zigznj.: 
manner across the island, each time running a little 
nearer Fort Wagner, the objective point. The Union 
sie<^e <mns were planted in these wherever it was thought 
best, and the trooj)s lay in front of them to protect tiiem 
in case of attack by rebel infantry. 

On the night of August 14- Flower was hit on the loot 
bv one of these Union shells exploding prematurely- No 
one took any groat pleasure in la_\ ing in tiiose trenches 
from morning till night without shelter, the sun shining 
so hot that a fairly goodquality of coftee could be steeped 
in the sand in a short time. Xo one dared to show so 
much as a hand above the breastwork. To illustrate: 
There v.-as what was called the '"Water Battery" on tl'A- 
right, the cfuns being on a floor raised three or tour teet 
above the beach. While the tide was out he crawled 
under to have a good look at the fort. etc.. but the bul- 
lets came i)lo\ving through, teariiig up the sand on 
^i le of him. Th.e bov^ soon became accuston.ed to tli'.- 
eontlnnal dron;iing, and could lay down and slee]t quiu' 
well. This familharity with danger would often prcducc 
exam))lesof bravery and foolhardincss that was astonish- 
iv j: M; ha- ia :uiad sc;aa .r a man in a m.igazinc fillu-- 
>r..\!.s ijv ih.-^ liLiht Oi" :i candie stUck en a craeUer box '•■ 
fia^iu * 1 iiiiu. dipi'inu liie powder irom a'.i Oj.en keg w;:.' 
a tin CUT*, and at tlu s time smoking a j^ipe. lie sa^'' 
alihi-rarc'l Lo see in a sliort, time and wiiiidrev,- to ti".<- 


'd • "J 

• rf:ij;rui 

opsn air, whsre h2 bre.ithed easier, although there v.-as 
now and then a rebel shell in the immedl:-.te vicinity. On 
September 2(Jth he went with the men of his company 
who wei-e reported able to do dnty to Little Folley o'r 
Long Island, lying between Folley and James Island." It 
was surrounded bv marsh and covered with all kinds ot 
vegetation, thousands of gnats and musquitoes that had 
a wonderuil fondness for Yankee blood, and many a time 
he might have been heard saying over and over his little 
piece to them while he mashed hundreds of them in his 
vain efforts to maintain supremacy. He was on picket 
about every other day and night, with fatigue duty dur- 
ing the rest of the time, of course having a few chills of 
ague to relieve the monotonr. 

On the 24th of October the detail returned to the regi- 
mental camp on Folley Island, where it was picket and 
guard, fatigue and drill, laying at the breastworks the 
odd nights just to till in the ume. Sometimes there was 
a httle variation as on October 28 his tent mate. Michael 
Powers, unable to stand ihe strain any longer, put the 
muzzle of his gun to his mouih and blew his brains out 

On Thanksgiving day the colonel read a chapter in tl:e 
Bible and made a prayer, then marched the bovs to the 
O.iai-teraiast-n-s and gave each one a drink of whisky. 
On the ISth of December he was promoted to corporal, 
which threw him into a fever and ague, so he was not. 
able to do duty for three davs. 

The ne.x-t day he managed to be in company drill twice, 
besides inspection of arms rtt sundown, tiie next day on 
guard, and so it went from day to day till Christmas, 
when the quartermaster dealt out whisky twice. The 
year 1803 went out with a thunder storm and the next 
"ight ice n.carly a.n i;;ch thick. 

On May 21 M, 1 "^b f, ( wiiilc i]:c rc-cnlistcd men were at 
li'JUic on veteran furlough). Corporal Flower, with the 
duty men of company and regiment, crossed from Lon- 

■(■ 'I- •. .-A f 

Island to Tiger Island and the next morning- to James 
Island, and had a scrap with the Confederates. He 
thought he had a close call to go to happy huntine 
oTOunds at that time as he became detached from his com- 
rades and was the center of attraction for a lot ot rebel 
o-uns for some little time. He was too busv to be verv 
much frightened, bat why he left his watch wicli 
Sergeant Johns to be sent home if he should happen to 
make a protracted stay who can tell? They fell back to 
Cole's Island, from there to Folley Island, and from there 
to their old camp on Long Island. 

On June ISth the 103d Regiment, with others, was 
paraded to witness a military execution, the shooting ot 
a colored soldier of the 55th Mass. Volunteers for strikine 
his Lieutenant. This scene is vividly remcm.bered; the 
victim sitting on his rough box of a coffin, his eyes bar.- 
daiied and his hands bound behind him, the open grave, 
the firing squad drawn up in line, the signal of the officer 
incharge, the simultaneous volley, and all v.-as over. Four 
bullets passed through his head and one through his body. 
Then came the quiet coniniand "right face," "forward 
march." given to the diffcrentcommands, and we returr.ed 
to our camp, there to speculate on the difference between 
justice and mercy and the 'penalty inflicted for the disre- 
gard ior inibtarv authontv. 

On Juno 30 a n.-connoisance was orflered and the 103d 
regiment left l*av,-nee landing in small bo^its and crossed 
to Lonu' Island. Corporal Flower was relieved Iron! 
picket and we:jL wuli his companv, IlrLlting at the sorith 
end rill darl: ihcy crossed to Tiper Island and from thence 
during ihe night j.duuglied through the mud to Jame< 
Island. At daybreak th.ey "double qnicked" across tl'.c 
:i^'lrs!l and dro\c in the r'J:oi "ickcts. lie r'J:her enioyed 
:he /dp .a-id '~'i>lash<n the i>-.dlcts us Liie\- slruek in th.e nin' 
He was in the skirndsh line and of course in advance "t 
the regiment, which kept alt(jgetlicr too close for its <:>v. n 


; f-»r'n',>r 

'T'V: i 

safety, as if its commanding officer \\'as ignorant or in 
some way incapacitated to command. However they 
kept up the advance, passing through patclies of bushes, 
over old breastworks, and across bare fields of sand, one 
of which was bordered on the farther side by a narrow 
bodv of water which was impassable for the skirmishers, 
the regiment still in close proximity and it yet being too 
dark to see objects very plain tliey received the discharge of 
a masked battery of two 24:-pounder howitzers, double- 
shotted with canister, and the air seemed filled with the 
little iron missiles. A few inore rounds and the regiment 
fell back to an old breastwork. The colored troops that 
were in reserve passed around to the left and charged the 
battery followed by the 103d. 

One jjrisoner, the howitzers and a lot of killed and 
wounded were the fruits of this encounter. 

The regiment advanced up the island and la\- behind 
some old breastworks under a heavy fire from rel el bat- 
teries, solid shot jjlowing through with aj'parent ease. 
The monitors came up Stono river and threw some ot 
their big shells, which bounded along the ground; throw- 
ing up great clouds of dust. That same evening the 
troops were withdrawn to the south end of tlic islnnd 
and on the lOth and 11th went to Folley Island via Bat- 
terv Island, Cole's Island and Stono Inlet. 

On July 26, same vear. Corporal Flower was detailed 
as Orderlv at Headcpiarrers to carry dispatches, 6zc . 
among the islands, where he remained till August IGth, 
the regiment received marching orders and he was ordered 
to report to his comi)anv commander. 

A run to Hilton Head and a trij) on the steamer ''Ara- 
go"' to I'ortress Alonroe, then to Washington city, were 
••■'Ic'isani as a change. 

The Slav at Forts Rich'irdson and Rcvnolds, opposite 
tile Capital citv, was short, and on the 23d the regi- 
ment took two box cars for Harr^rs Ferrv. Va., and a 

gr .7 ".t' 


short service with Gen. Sheridan in the Shenandoah Val- 
ley will never be forgotten. While passing through Wood- 
stock a rebel of the "Home Guard" was caught trying to 
shoot a cavalryman from ambush. It was said when the 
cavalry encamped that night this prisoner was ordered 
to dig his own grave or rot on top of the ground, and 
that when he had dug the grave deep enough he was shot 
and covered up. 

After reaching Harrisburg the army moved back down 
the Valley towards Winchester. Corporal Flower was 
with the detail to guard the cattle and notes that they 
had plenty ofniilk, after using niuch "'persuasiveness" by 
wa}' of tents, ropes, clubs, &c., to induce these rebel cows 
to "give down" for the Yankees. 

About November 14-th one of the safeguards, havingbeen 
killed by therebel "Home Guard," all the safeguards were 
withdrawn from the planters' residences, consequentlv 
the boys' used potatoes, mutton, etc., also fence rails to 
build fires as the weather grew colder. Mosbv's 2:uerrillas 
seemed bent on tearing up the railroad up the vallev, and 
it required a constant guard its entire length. In this 
work the 103d Regiment was engaged, and Corporal 
Flower had charge of one post with four men till the reg- 
iment was ordered away a month later. Here he made 
things comfortable tor his squad by building a fireplace in 
the tent out of sods, and as the cars ran slow thev were 
enabled to "draw" several bales of hav for a nest, wnth 
plenty of coflee, "hard Lack," pork, beans, etc., and verv 
little guard duty to do, they made themselves quite coni- 
lortablc, con.«?idering their surroundings. But good times 
could not always last. A soldier must earn his depre- 
ciated currency, so when they left that place they turned 
<->ver to Lwo cavalryuK'u a stove ihev liad hired of a Con- 
tedcrate widow lor lii'ty cents a month, on the ])rom!Sc 
that they should return it to its owner, thus fuliilling 
their contract with the widow. It is supposed thev re- 


:<:i . o-t r'Tf, • 

*);= ' 



deemed their promise as he has heard no complaint since. 

The trip to Washington was without particular incident 
but dela^'ed there for three days on account of ice being 
frozen in the river, preventing navigation. At Alexandria 
.-mother day's delay, after which they steamed to For- 
tress Monroe to City Point and Bermuda Hundred Land- 
ing, where the}- arrived at 10 o'clock, p. m., of December 
;'lst: in a blinding snowstorm. It turned freezing cold, 
and as there was not a bit of wood to make a fire he lay 
ilown on his rubber blanket, with his woolen onewrapi^ed 
around him. It was too cold to sleep, and the blanket 
froze fast in the mud. He then made a break for the boat, 
which still lay at the dock, and stayed there until morn- 
ing. On January 1st they marched to the front. He was 
lietailed for picket duty, where they la}' till S o'clock, 
J), ra , of the 2d. It had been twelve days that he had 
not removed his shoes or his clothes, a not unusual oc- 
currence for £1 soldier in those times, but in this case it 
had been alternately wet and cold to an uncommon de- 
gree, and on taking oft what shoes and stockings he had 
iett he found that he h^id shed both great-toe-nails. 

The camp they occupied was built by the lOlh Virginia, 
' nited States Volunteers, and was a veritable little city 
"t miniature log houses. Each one had a little fireplace 
in one end, and :dl the boys had to do was to spread their 
•shelter tents over the ridge poles and go to housekee])ing. 
Jt was nice for them, but how about the 10th? Here he 
•^'as on picket duty about everv other night ( and dav. ) 
1 Here was the usual routine of wading around in the 
'Hud (sometimes snow), turning out in the night to ward 
"fl an expected attack, etc. Deserters came into the 
-nion lines .almost every night, sometimes as many as 
'-"ecn or twenty ai a time. The picl:et lines were very 
^..)sc to each otiier along that front, sometimes but a few 
* «ces, and most of tlie way within speaking distance. 
^^>!netmies a joke would follDW a bullet, and sometimes a 


1 I . « -. 

■. ;ic o :'yv. 


1 . 

rn I 

■ run- 

bullet followed a joke, but not always, p.s in a case he has 
in mind. 

Every twenty-five or thirt\' yards along the line a cor- 
poral and three men were stationed in a kind of stcill 
built at right angles to the main line of breastworks, and 
one morning all hands in one of these pics la\ down for a 
nap. Some Johnnies opposite called out to them, bin 
getting no re[)ly asked of the adjoining pickets to be al- 
lowed to cross over and return. This being granted two 
"rebs" walked over, looked at the sleeping "'Yanks," 
climbed over and took possession of all four haversacks 
and returned to their own line. When the "Yanks" 
awoke, being hungry, they looked for but couldn't find 
their "grub." Upon inquiry they were told that none hut 
"rebs" would steal. .Ynd sure enough thev beheld tlicir 
four haversacks held to view, and were invited to come 
and get them. Thev did not remain Ions: in sisiht, how- 
ever, as there was no law against a fight with guns. Ii 
is supposed they enjoyed the "Yankee coflce," and were 
ready tor war at the word of command. 

Nothing unusual occurred to relieve the monotony until 
tlic 23d ot Jamiaiy, when three Confederate gunboats 
and some stcan;crs as tenders came down the James 
Rivcr and shelled some of the camps and batteries, with 
the evident intention of making a raid on somebodv or 
something. One of them got fast in the nuid. and as tf.e 
nvcr brink too high for the gunljoats tO fire over. U'l' 
liic same reason our batteries could not depress tlicir 
guns en(n:Ldi to hit them. Then began a series of Yarkce 
exT.eriments with a heavy mortar battcrv on the point 
al.rvve the ])end in ih.e river. In the mennlime the lo:;-; 
ha.] sioovl under arms since 8 o'clock, ]>. ni., and at f 
" f-loek ill ilie ninrninLr were inrsrched ahvr.g ihc Hre to 'A'-'-' 
Tiver fi;tnk. ah>M- ilic ecii^e of whieh was abreastwo:i- 
ncrirly hdl of w ater, along whieh tlie regiment was Hneii 
up The mortar l)atiery succeeded in piercing the deck « i 

the ganboat, when could be seen a rush of flame from the 
deck near the smokestack and of a white heat at the 
point of exit, gradually s])reading and blenching into red 
and white smoke at'a height of perhaps one hundred feet. 
At the same instant the interior could be seen through 
the poit-holes of the same white heat. Then great rents 
showed along the sides, and it was done. The air was 
lull of bursting shells and falling debris. Xearlv all the 
i)o_vs suddenly became amphibious, diving into the water 
in the ditch like frogs. By this time it was getting quite 
light, and the rest of the boats had moved up the river, 
out of sight around the bend. The regiment returned to 
camp about S o'clock. 

Corporal Flower l:ad now given three rears of good, 
honest service, and he asked for his discharge, wnich was 
refused, and he was ordered to serve until the 20th of 
.Mai-ch. This he refused to do and was fcn-thwith placed 
under arrest. There wuvc others of Companv "I" in the 
same condition, who honestly believed thev were in the 
right. However, he did duty some of the timic; at others 
lie refused and would be [)ut under arrest for a dav or 
two, tjien relieved. So the time passed until ilie fourth 
day of -March, when they were ordered to Jamestown 
Island to do duty until the regiment's time was up. 
Thev landed on the island without tents, expecting to 
lind some there, but the camp had been burned, and thev 
were obliged to [n'ocure some old ones of a companv do- 
ing duty tliere. Thev put in their time here until the 
loth, when the tiirce years' men of the regiment came 
nlong on a steamer and the}' sttirted for Xew York. On 
arriving tliey were met by a delegation of the 9th Xew 
\ork \oIs., IIav\kins Zouaves, one of the regiments of 
their old brig-idc. nnd were escorted to Xo. 27 Bowcrv, 
■\hvrc they had a tine tin.c. He received his \yA\, and the 
iu'st thing he did was to get a good square meal, price 
^2 30. without any fancy (bshes, either 


'.i\:u: , . sr'. 

fi:ii' , ;^? 

ir.: I ." •" 

He was mustered out the 18th day of March, 1865, and 
arrived home on the 22nd, walked in at the back door, 
saying: "Hello, mother !" who stood at the table with 
her back to him. She turned and met him with a glad 
crv, and actually kissed her great big bo_v, while tears of 
joy ran down her cheeks. He noticed she had grown old 
faster than she should. Was it on account of the abserice 
ofherbov, who had never before been ab.>ent from her 
home a week at a time during his whole life? She did 
not seem to weep when he went away three years before, 
neither did she give him a parting kiss. \Vh_v ? Yet with 
a side glance as he drove away he saw her apron rise to 
her face as she disapjieared from the window. Did she 
fear she had looked on her boy for the last time in liie 1 
Did she suffer or make any sacrifice? She never said it, 
onl\- showed it by her looks. His father, too, was glad 
to see him safe at hotric, as fathers always are, but he 
was a man, and men are not like mothers. After he had 
been home a day or two he grew wonderfullv lonesome 
and uneasy. War seemed the only remedv, and that un.- 
grateful "kid" iiegan to look about for a cavalry regi- 
ment he could join and again take the held. After a few 
liays one was found in Albriny, X. Y., and he quietlv made 
preparations to leave, and so informed his parents, but 
the very next day came the news of the "round up" at 
Appomattox, and he remained at home. In the spring of 
186G he went to Lambs Creek, Tioga countv. Pa., and 
with Stephen Warters' erected a small steam saw-mill. 
During the -iuccccling year his parents moved to that 
place, and were als > joined l)y his uncle. Francis Flower. 
The ne.\t ycir they innxhased tlie interest of Mr.Wartcrs, 
and thereafter carried on a mercantile business in con- 
nection wlih their lumbering iiiterest. 

In 18(>y his hither died, rifter which he and his uncle 
carried on the business until ISTI. when thev were ioineil 


'!-.,(,■ .' 

St-.'/' »H 

'<: '.'M ^j n,:i 

L^ ' J.iJJ.."t ' J «l il-JM- . ■J-'^'^--!"^^^V!J ? H' -J;.-m.V.«!- 

' J*^.4«flp^"/«^.-Hl..^^aWJiJ!UL. LJJ^i'yjiii 




•\^''^"^- ■>■>"■" 



»■ ■ • — 

■ ; Vi „:/•:• liiL-. 

. - :V;^:^'> 

1;- ,.Wj^ 1 


hv D. P. Shaw, and moved tlic mill farther up the creek, 
huilding larger. 

Ill 1S75 Comrade Flower purchased his urxle's inter- 
c.^L, and after the death of Mr. Shaw, which occurred in 
1SS3, he also obtained the Shaw interest and continued 
tlic manufacture of lumber until 1SS5. He tlien formed a 
[yirtnership with Fralic Bros, and purclia.scd a tract of 
!:uicl on XIann's Creek, near ^ilansfield, Pa., moving the 
mill to that place. Here they continued tlie manufactuie 
<>{ lumber under the firm name of Flower & Co. until 
1S'J4-, when, having [)urchased considerable timber in 
Potter county, Pa., on the line of the Fall Brook Rail- 
way; also at Blossburg, in Tioga county. Pa. They 
erected a large saw-mill at Corning, N. Y., doing business 
under the firm name of Fralic & Flower, where they are 
-ilil o]3erating. Comrade Flower resides at Coming, and 
i> one of the Board of Alderman of that city. 

lie was married in May, 1S<39, to Stella S. Coles, of 
^Ihnira, N. Y., who died in 187(3, leaving one child, Edith, 
-!x years of age. Miss Edith, after graduating at the 
>"aLe Xormal School at Mansfield, Pa., took a complete 
-■ )urse of medicine at PhiladeljDhia, Pa., graduating with 
-i'uiors. She is resident physician at Marklcton Sanita- 
rium, Marldjton, Somerset county, Pa. 

Comrade Flower was maiTled a second time, in 1S77, 
f'> Mis-> Wilhelmitia \'cscelius, of Watkins, X. Y., by whom 
'■'■^ has one sou, Bert, born in 1SS2. 

Mr. Flower's mother died in 1SS2. 


Iviiianuel Harpcnrling, son of Miner and Harriet (Ad- 

■ lis) Harpending, of Altay, Schuyler county, X. Y., was 
"u at the above named plai.'c March LT), ISM. He re- 

■ • ■ed his education iri the connnon schools ol his native 
• i.'e. His parents arc both dead. He enlisted March 

i '33 



■■■x:. h-u .rr^:{P 

•ith, 1862, at Elmira, in Company I, 103rd Regiment X 
Y. Vols. He served with the same until in camp at Hat- 
teras Island, X. C, he was taken sick with malarial poi- 
soning and sent to the hospital in August, 1862. After a 
severe sickness he rejoined the company and reginiem. 
participated in all marches and campaigns in which tlu- 
companv was engaged, but while on duty in the Shcnaij 
doah Valley, in the fall of 1864-, was again taken sick aiui 
sent to the hospital in Philadelphia, Pa., where he re- 
mained about two months and was removed to Chestnut 
Hill Hospital. When able to do duty he again joined the 
regiment, taking up all the duties of camp and campai.nti. 
He was rtnally mustered out at New A'ork cit}' ^larcl; 
17th, 1SG5. with the three vears men of his regiment 
(not re-enlisted) by reason of expiration of term ot en- 

He returned to his home at Altay, and the next year 
removed to Waterloo, X. Y., where he has since resided. 
He -was married Xov. 14, 1S67, to Rosalia, daughter oi 
Xathaniel and Laura (Spanks) Seelv, of Waterloo, X. \ 

Mr. and Mrs. Ilarpending have but one child, John. 
born March 11, IS 79. In 1877. his disabilities, resulting 
from his army service, had so far progessed tluit, sufferirg 
loss of memory and defective speech, requiring the con- 
stant care of another j)erson. He is now a life-long cri]i- 
ple from his dis ibilitics. His son lives at his father"^ 


Gardiner Hlbbard wa-^ born August 2S.184-8j the first 
born of George F. and Elizabeth Crum Hibbard, win* 
were married in New York city. 

Mv fitlKT wa>^ iKirn li; s:\it] city janu.'irv 7. 1822. the 
oldest s Ml o\ Oli\cr and ['(.i^y I'owler Hibbard. Tiie 
Hil)bards are an eld Xew York family, and many ot tlie 
descend.'ints still reside tl.ere. They forn.erly came Irom 

' ? 4 

■,'■.T"^ • --M ".Hffnl 

■-; - ,1 . 


■< )l 







England in the 17th century and settled in Connecticut. 
Just previous to the Revolution they left Connecticut and 
came to New York city, and from there several enlisted 
in the line regiments and served through the war for In- 
dependence. The older stock spell the name Hebberd, 
but the 3-ounger ones write it as I do. 

This family has always possessed strong patriotism, 
evincing it on all occasions when advocacy or defense of 
popular government became necessary. In politics Dem- 
ocrats, and in religion Methodists. 

My mother, Elizabeth Crum Hibbard, was born Alarch 
22, 1826, at Reynoldsville, Schuyler county, N. Y., and 
was the fourth child of Rev. Gardiner and Margaret 
White Crum. 

The Crums came from Holland to New Jersey in the 
1 7th century, and many of the family still reside there. 
They were farmers and settled in Monmouth county. 

Rev. Gardiner Crum left Xew Jersey and came to Tomp- 
kins county, X. Y., and from there went to Schuvlercoun- 
ty when his ftimily grew to maturity, and remained until 
his death, in July, ISGl. 

Margaret White was a descendant of the Huguenots, 
her family settling in Philadelphia in an earlv day. She 
was a Quaker and remained such all her life. 

The Gardiners came from Alassachusetts to Xew Jer- 
sev, and one of them became the mother of mv errand- 
lather, Gardner Crum. 

He, like myself, was the possessor of family names. 

The Crums, like the Hibbards, were verv patriotic and 
oi strong coiivictions, politically and religiously. In 
politics Whig, Al^olitionists and Republican. 

In nil the wars of the Rjptiblic thcv have ])orne their 
p'lrt with mai'kcd lidelity to tiic Government. 

M}' parents died in Watkins, N. Y. — the mother in Jtdy. 
^•'^H7, and the father in SejHember, 1S97. They were the 


^t iri\ 

i-r:-' '.'. ''» I 9.'I. 

' ,■■■:../ I . I ■ c II I 

■ I • _ . - ^- 'i- ;; <.i 
■: ■ '' '/ i ■ ,u' '■■■.'.'. 


parents of five children — three surviving. Like their an- 
cestors they were ^Methodists. 

I was bom in Beaver Dams, Schuyler county, X. Y., 
and when about one year old mv parents returned to 
New York Citv, where they remained till November, liSGl. 
when they moved to Yl'atkins, N. Y., and there remained 
until their death. 

Mv first enlistment was in the Fifth Cavalrv, Ira Har- 
ris' Brigade of Cavalry, in Augast, 1S61, stationed at 
Camp Scott, Staten Island. 

Mv sojourn with this regiment was brief, for after 
three weeks I was unceremonioush- taken from guard 
duty b\' the strong hand of my unexpected mother and 
marched to the Captain's tent, of whom she made the 
request that I be immediateh' released and permitted to 
return home with her. 

When she stated my age — thirteen — the Captain smil- 
ingly granted her request, and I was soon back again 
'mid the scenes and charms of the old Ninth \Yard o: New 
Y'ork Citv. 

On March 10, 18G2, three months after our arrival in 
Watkins, and while attending the academv, I again en- 
listed, this time joining Comjjany I, lOod New Y'ork. The 
headquarters of the company was at Elmira, N. Y., and 
I joined it there on the same dav of mv enlistment and 
went with it to the seat of war March 21, 1 SG2, and 
shared in its experience until I was taken sick and sent to 
Fort Clark Tlospital. at Ilatteras Island, X. C. While 
the company was en route to join the armv of the Poto- 
mac I was taken with a relapse and sent to Armory 
Square Hospital. Washington, D. C. and from there dis- 
charged. .\ttcr convak'sccnee I t<n)k up mv studies again 
in the .icadeniy. and v.lieii hdly recovered from the fevers 
of Ilatteras I again entered the scrvic-. this time joining 
a Western i-egiuiesit. in which I had nianv friends, and 


■> > (I 

.!h ! 

.^crred, sharing its many perils and hardships, until after 
tlie war, when I returned to Watkins. 

After a couple of weeks at home I went to Eastman's 
Business College at Poughkeepsie and took a course in 
book-keeping, and in the winter returned to Watkins and 
went to the academy. P'or some years succeeding this I 
was again in the West, and with Yankee facility- I was 
turning my hand to several kinds of occupation out of 
which I could gain a livlihood. At one time taught 
school in the Ozark Mountains of Missouri. 

In the spring of 1S72 I returned to Watkins, where I 
engaged in business with my father. November 7, 1S74-, 
1 married Lvdia J. Higley, the daughter of Elijah and 
Electra Baldwin Higley. of Penn Van. N. Y. The result 
of this union is a daughter, Adua Lucile, born in Elmira. 
Januarv 1, 1SS2, to which plr.ce I moved in March, 1S79, 
and now reside. 

I am at present a Special State Excise Agent, and have 
been for three years. 

In politics a Republican and in sympathy with my 
partv's interpretation of all the great questions of the 
liour. Have been a member of the (jrand Army of the 
Republic, Post 1G5, Dei^artment New York, and com- 
mander of same; also Junior Vice-Department Com- 
mander in the vear lSi:)0. Aly life has been characterized 
bv no distinguishing feature. I have been one of the sim- 
j>le atoms constituting this gi'eat land of ours. 

Through mv union with the Higleys my daughter bo- 
came possessed of some vcrv strong strains of genuine 
Yankee blood — a blood that has been freely offered and 
^hed in defence of the Ainerican people from the earliest 
voloninl davs to the present, for even now one ot her 
'•■<'U>ii:s, Criiv Iliglev. is wiih llie First Tennessee in the 

The lii^levs were an old English family, coming from 
I'rinilev. Surrev. England, and by marriage connected 


. . . I > 1 1 

with the Brewster?, an ancient family of England, and to 
which belonged "Elder" William Brewster of the Mav- 
iiower fame. 

Capt. John Higley, founder of the American Higlews. 
came to America in 1666, settling at Windsor, Connecti- 
cut. In his second marriage he was united to Sarah 
Strong, who was a decendant on both sides from the 
most prominent and distinguished families of !Massachu- 
selts colonial historv. Out of Capt. Higley's family came 
Governors Joseph and Jonathan Trumball, of Connecti- 
cut. The latter was the friend of Washington, and the 
typical Brother Jonathan of .\merican history; Dr. Sam- 
uel Iligley, the maker of the first copper coin in America, 
and the ever-glorious and world-famous John Brown, of 
Harper's Ferry. 


Richard Hill was born of jioor but respectable parents 
in England, January IS, 184-2. Flis mother died in 1S50. 
The father remarried in ISol. There were '-six children in 
the family. In 185:' Kichard, his oldest sister, with their 
step-mother, came to the United States, leaving the father 
with the remaining children to come later, but the father 
was taken sick and died in 1855. 

The subject oi this sketch and sister found situations 
with farmers in the to\\ n of Hector, Schuvler Countv. 
N. Y. Richard was wtnkiiig at North Hector, on Seneca 
ly-'dce, when the war hroke out, and became imbued with 
a desire to enlist, which desire was granted the next win- 
ter. He was eriroUcd I-\-bruary 11, 1S62. in Captain 
William M. CrosJjy's Company I, 103(1 Regimen.t, New 
York Volunteers, .-it l-'lniir.a. .\'. Y. From this time Coin- 
r.'idc Hill's lite was very much like that of the oth^r mem- 
bers of the comp.Mi\ — the drill, the organization, the "on 
to Washington" March LM , the endjarkation at Annajio- 
lis. Md., a iew d.ays later, and the landing at Xewberne. 

.'mi 4' "■ '-oh 

' , :if''. 

-.-^??s - V 

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..-^ ' 





X. C, April 1st, 1S62. Comrade Hill was with the com- 
pauy during the three years of his enlistment, ever ready 
for dut}', except, perhaps, during temporary sickness in 
camp under care of regimental surgeon. 

During the winter of 1SG5, while in camp at Bermuda 
Front, Ya., he was taken sick with malaria, and did not 
recover till some time after the muster-out of the three 
years men — not re-enlisted — of which he was one. This 
occurred ^larch 17th at Xew York City. In the fall of 
1S65 Comrade Hill went to South Haven, Michigan, 
where has since resided and where he has been eng^aged in 
farming, boating on the river, clerking in a grocery store 
and meat market, and one season in a nursery. At the 
jireseut time he owns and conducts a fruit farm in that 

He was married at South Haven, November 16th. 1S73, 
to Louise Webster of the same place. She was born in 
Canada. The fruits of this mai*riage have been eight 
sons and three daugliters, viz.: Charles S., born October 
4, 1874-; John, bor'i October 9, 1877; Richie, born May 
27, 1879, died October 24-. 1881; Mamie, born June 14-, 
1881, died October 18. 1881; Bertha L., born February 
12. 1883, died November 17, 1886; Homer, born July 2, 
1885, died Xovember 15,1886; Leroy, born Februarv 27, 
18S7; Ray. born June 25, 1889, died June 28, 1889; 
Floyd K., bom August 28, 1891, died Xovember 16, 
1893; Eva, born May 6, 1893, died August 8, 1893; 
Frederick L., born .\pril 25, 1895. His son Charles S. 
married Mav Leslie oi' South Haven. 

Comrade Hill is a member of Zack Chandler Post, Xo. 
35, G. A. R.. of South Haven. He is a believer in the 
Bible, and liopes for Fternal Life through Jesus Christ. 
In politics he is a Republican. 


Harlan Page Kimball was born at Osceola, Tioga 



■ .; f(":.u; 



; ■:! tM If 

County, Pa., August 13th, 184-4. He was the son of 
Clark and Hannah (Whitmore) Kimball, who were earlv 
settlers at the above named place. His education was 
obtained at the common school at Osceola, at the Union 
Academy, five miles west of his home, and later at the 
Osceola High School. He enlisted February 6th, 1862, at 
Elmira, N. Y., in Captain William M. Crosby's Companv 
I, 103d Regiment, New York Volunteer Infantry. Served 
with his company and regiment with enthusiastic patri- 
otism, doing every duty with unselfish devotion. He was 
a good soldier, but his rather slight constitution could 
not stand the inroads of disease, chronic diarrhoea and 
malarial poisoning. In the early part of 1S63 he was 
sent to the hospital, first to the regimental hospital at 
Newport News, Va., and from there to the United State.< 
General Hospital at Hampton, Va. Failing to recover 
from his diseases he was discharged June 3d, 1863, wiih 
the one hope that home treatment and atmosphere would 
do for him what skill in medicine was unable to effect. 
This, too, proved of no avail, and death ended his suffer- 
ings September 8th of the same vear. 


Henry Lamoreaux was born September 10, 1839, at 
North Hector. X. Y. His father, Lemuel, and his mother. 
Millicent (German) Lamoreaux, lived in the town of 
Hector, N. V., and were engaged in agricultine. 

The subject of this sketch was educated at the common 
schools of that section. He enlisted at Elmira, N. V . 
February 12, 1862. in Company I. 103d New York Vol- 
unteers, entering into the spirit of the occasion with tl'o 
enthusiasm of his young manhood. He was in everv ac- 
tion, skirmish, battle, march, or bivouac of his cotn])any 
during his three years' service, and was never awav from 
the coin|)any in hospital or on detached service. On Ilai- 
teras Island. N. C, he was one of the 20 men with First 


.-., . (■■if; ^ii J , fil5>lj.J-;?' 

' ,.- . '^ '• -r.-'ii;. . 



SiTgeant Wilbur detached to guard the Cape Hatteras 
Light House during the summer of 1SG2, and every one 
ot that detachment will ever remember with gratitude 
Lamoreatrx's warm bread and "mutton pot-pies," at the 
same time wondering where the mutton came from. He 
was never wounded, though at Suffolk, Va., ]MaY 3d, 
ISG3, kis mustache was clipped b^' a minie ball from the 
eucmr, and the hair on the side of his head curled more 
than once during that engagement. 

*^- At Morris Island, S C, during the siege of Battery 
Wagner in 1863, while lying in the trench during the 
night time, a comrade was nearly cut in two by a piece of 
shell wiiich tore Lamoreaux's woolen and rubber blankets 
as he lav against him. He brought both of the blood- 

[; stained Wankets home with him. 

He was promoted to Corporal and Sergeant in his com- 
panv,and held the latter rank at the time of his discharge. 
He was mustered out with his regiment (except those re- 
enlisted and recruits I, in March, 1SC5, and returned to 
his home- 
He was married March 13th, 1866, to Mary Ann, 
daughter of Robert F. and Aseneth (Bramble) Van 
Vlcrt, of Lodr, X. Y. His three children were Lena May. 
L-Vancis Lemuel and Vira Bernice, all born at North Hec- 
tor, X. Y. 

In IS6J he worked on his father's farm. Hi 1SG6 he 
jnrrchased a farm in same township, raising grain and 
stock. Seven \-ears later he removed three-fourths of a 
iiiilc, built a residence and barn, and later put up sheds, 
com house and evaporator house, two large poultry- 
houses and another barn. In 1879 his health failed and 
J he has been an invalid ever since. He has devoted a part 
^-•i his farm to frail ; four acres to ap{)le orchard, set ten 
■res lo grrLpes, three to i)iuu!s, three to raspberries; also 
^ r^-ache&, strawberries, currants, ^c. He has succeeded 

■: '.■) .-^ ■::>.; 

J 01 

well, and takes especial pridein poultry-, using incubators 
and brooders. 

He is a charter member of D. B. Smith Post, No. 423, 
G. A. R.; also a member of the order of Patrons of Hus- 
bandry for the past twenty years. 


James C. Lorraore, sou of Thomas and Nanc\' ( Burch ) 
Lormore, of Dryden, Tomkins county, N. Y., was born 
at Newark Valley, Tioga county, X. Y., April 22nd. 1842. 
where his parents resided till about 1857, when they 
purchased a farm near Dryden and moved thereon. 

The subject of this sketch was educated in the common 
schools where he resided. He enlisted March 17th, 18G2. 
at Elmira, N. Y., in Company I, 103rd N. Y. Vols., and a 
few davs later went to the front with his company and 
reoriment. While his company was on dutv at Hatteras 
Island, X. C, during the summer of 1862, he was detailed 
and served as postmaster at Hatteras Inlet. He was 
promoted to Corporal, and later to the rank of Sergeant 
in his company, served his country faithfully for the three 
vears of his enlistment and was mustered out in March, 
1865, returning to his home at Dryden. 

Married in 1866, to Ella, daughter of Darwin and Ju- 
lia (Burthong) Tanner, of Dryden, X. Y. Mrs. Lor- • 
more's father was born at Dryden, and her mother at 
Cazenovia, X. Y. 

Mr. and Mrs. Lormore are the parents of one son, Eu- 
gene J., born Marc^i 16,1877. They are still living at 
Drvdeu, carrying on a clothing and furnishing store. 


Charles T. Ostrander was the son of .\aron Ostrandor. 
of Ridgebtirv, Pa. His mother's maiden name \yas Eu- 
nice E. Ball. 

Charles was born at Ridgebur}-, Pa., in 1S44. enlisted 
Jan. 25th, 1862, at Elmira. X. Y., in Captain Crosby'> 


I.I ..." .1 ' 

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pi jjiMpi^iiu ip as, uiMi^^^i , J ^!!e*fimir 






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2iiit.^.«a.afa,iti^,, >„- 1.....^^., tit^.ai. - ^ .. ^^..uai^-ut^Awt^^ .^ 11 ^, , l il l lit&ti t > rifl 


..tic . "■- .■.,>**.■!'. :-.'..«!ll 

Company I, 103rd Regiment X. Y. Vols. He served ^Yitll 
the company at Xewbeme, X. C, and at Hatteras Island 
in 1862; was left at Armor}- Scfaare Hospital in Septem- 
ber, 1862; was sent to hospital at Little York, Pa., and 
was there when the place was raided by the Confederates. 

In 1866 he was married to Elizabeth Strohman, of Lit- 
tle York, Pa., by whom he has had three children, viz.; 
William, Charles and Elizabeth. 

Since about 1869, he has been engaged on the X. Y ., L. 
E. &. W. Railroad as trainman, running between Eliiiira, 
X. Y , and Port Jervis. 

His residence is in Wellsburg, X. Y. 


Emerson P. Orvis, son of Hiram and Emily (Smith) 
Or vis, of Elmira, X. Y., was born Api'il -1, IS-t-i, at 
Skeneateles, Onondaga county, X. Y. His father was a 
blacksmith by trade, and followed that occupation in 
different places in the State of Xew York and Pennsyl- 

When the subject of this sketch was about six years of 
age his father ]3urchased a farm in Howard township, 
Steuben count v, X. Y., where he worked at his trade, be- 
sides carrying on the farm, for about three years. 

He then moved to Howard Flats, where he still fol- 
lowed his trade, .\bout 1857 the family moved to El- 
mira, X. Y., two years still later to Ridgebury, Bradford 
countv. Pa., and three years from that time to Wells- 
inirg, X. Y., this in the spring of 1861. Young Orvis was 
educated in *thc common schools, which he attended at 
the dilTerent places in which his father resided. For five 
>^easons previous to his enlistmcni. (January 25, 1S62) he 
iv'id worked on farms, three of thetn for one man, by 
"■■vhoui he was regarded as a most Lrustworthy boy. 

Daring the winter of . 1861-2 he was attending school 
at Ridgewav, F'a., and lived with a farmer In tlie neigh- 


/. r.'jmi^^-yy '.i^;.): \ 1 

' ' f , . I 

iM> i:. 

borhood. January 25, 1862. he ciiHsted in Capt. William 
M. Crosby's Company I, 103rd Regt. X. Y. Vols., whic'n 
was then being raised at Elmira, N. Y. He was with tl:C 
company in all its service and campaigns, the history oi 
which is given in history of the companv and not re- 
peated with each individual sketch. In the latter pan 
of 1863 Col. Heine, commanding the regim:ent, notion l: 
the aptitude of Comrade Orvis, who was "tooting" on 
the bugle, said to him : "Let me hear yon toot," and be- 
ing so well satisfied with his success he detailed him as 
bugler. From that time till tlie final muster out Com- 
rade Orvis was one of the musicians of the regiment, and 
from the time the regiment was formed into a battalion 
of three companies in March. 1865, he was chief nuiM- 
cian, in charge of the drum corps. He w:.s a rugged sol- 
dier, never -vas in the hospital, and was always ready to 
do anv duty that he was called on to perform. He rc- 
enlisted January 25, 1864-, at Folley Island, S. C, as a 
veteran for three years unless sooner discharged by cl<->v 
of the war; participated in all the battles in which lIic 
company engaged, and was nna.ily mustered oiit oi tlic 
service with the battalion at City Point, Va., Dec. 7. 
1865; received final ])ay at Hart's Island. Xew York Har- 
bor, Dec. 1^, 1865. 

He returned to his father's home, who was then living 
in Tuscarora townslii]3, Steuben county, X. Y., his on.!\' 
furlough during the service being his veteran furlough ai 
re-enlistment. IIi.-> Grandfather Orvis served in the war 
of 1812, and received a warrant. His wife's grand- 
father and* great-grandfather were revolutionary sol- 
diers, Ijoth holding commissions under Gen. Washing! (ui. 
Three of his uncles and his brother, Sevmour F. Orvis, 
were in the uar of 1 s'll -1 "^r.5 

Comrade Orvis is a u;c'.;d)cr of Daldwin Post Xo. o, 
G. A. R., Dept. ot Xew York, at Llmira. 

About X(jvembcr. ISCf',, he was enga2:ed to C. C Cratu' 

i . 

& Co., manufacturers of doors, sash and blinds, at Addi- 
son, N. Y., where he was emplo\-ed three \-ears. 

Earl_v in 1S70 he moved to Ehuira, N. Y., and engaged 
in market gardening, which he has since followed success- 
fully, making a specialty, of celer\' and strawberries. He 
also has quite extensive green houses, growing considera- 
ble under glass. 

He was married December 26, 1867, to Fidelia A., 
daughter of Silas B. and Lucy (Howe) Lyon, of Elmira. 
X. Y. To this union have been born three children, viz.: 
Charles, died in infancy; Seba Howe and Josephine. 

In politics he has, since about 1875, been identified with 
the reform parties, having been a candidate for County 
Treasurer, Assembly and Congressman in iiis district. 
He and the members of his family are memljers of Park 
Church, Elmira, Rev. Thomas K. Beecher pastor, Mr. 
Orvis serving two terms as deacon. He has always been 
noted for his charitv in all lines. 


George L. Ostrander was the son of Aaron and Eunice 
li. (Ball) Ostrander, of Ridgeburv, Pa. He was born ni 
Tompkins countv, X. Y., March 29, 1837. His parents 
moved to Ridgeburv when he was four years ol age, 
where he attended the public schools. His father was u 
farmer, but George early showed an adajjtation to music. 
For tv.'o \-ears he traveled with a show, [^laving his fav- 
orite instrument, the violin. He enlisted at Elmira. X. 
Y., March 21, 1862, and went to the front. He was de- 
tailed as*cook at the tTcneral Hospital for two weeks, at 
Folly Island, S. C, till his regiment was ordered Xorih 
two weeks later. 

While ac Xcwbjinj, X. C, he vv-as detailed in the <]u ir- 
termaster's l)jn;u'tmcnt :ind rejtjined his company at 
U'ashington. [>. C, Sept., Us62. He re-enlisted as a vet- 


«-')■ "'■rt-MX'. 

'•' ' .',<'_ 

'' .HUH 



eran in 1864, and was mustered out with the battalion 
at Cit\' Point. Ya., Dec. 7, 1S65. 

Arriving at home, he went on the farm at Ridgebiirv. 
Pa. In 1869 he purchased a lot at Wellsburg. N. Y.. and 
built a house thereon, living there for twenty years. 

Here he was engaged in running a circle saw and had 
charge of the mill yard. In 18SS he moved to Elmirji. 
N. Y., and engaged with Bandy, Tompkins & Fassett for 
sometime. For a number of years he has been broken 
down in health, unable to do only light work. June <>. 
1864', he married Anna C, daughter of Lawrence L. and 
Eliza Ameigh, of Ridgebury, Pa., by whom he had cViil- 
children, viz.: Gertrude, died, aged two years; Frank L., 
Ed^ar E., both living at home. 


William K. Smith, son of John S. and Susan (Davis) 
Smith, was born Tiear Hammond's Corners, town of Erin. 
N. Y., March Sth. 1S4-4-. 

He enlisted at Ehnira r*vlarch 21st, 1862, in Captain 
Crosby's Com[)any I, lOord Regiment X. Y. Yols., and 
the same day started for the front with the companv. 

He was mustered as wagoner on the companv roll on 
the death of wagoner Jolm P. Johnson, and was there- 
after connected with teaming. 

He was wounded in the left arm at the battle on James 
Island, S. C, July 2nd, 1864; also later in the service. 
He served three years, and was mustered out March 
17th, 1865. 

Soon after his arrival at his father's home, at South 
Creek, he married Mary E., daughter of William Yan 
Wort, of South Creek', and went to farming there. There 
was one boy born to lliis marric-i'jo; viz.: Georijc, nou' 
living in Elnnia. 

He wiis married a SfOciid iimc, to llattic Alcrcv Cor- 
nell, also of Si.)uth Creek. To tb. is union were born four 

. .46 

; I .;: 


children, viz.: Andrew, died, aged two years; HarryJ., 
I)Ci:tha M. and Hattic J. The mother died about ISSG. 

Comrade Smith was married a third time, three years 
later, to Mrs. Mollie Buckbee, of Ehiiira. Xo children 
were born to this marriage. 

He came to Elmira from South Creek about 1SS5, and 
cn'i^aged in teaming till the spring of 1S91, when he 
moved back to the same again. He died there May -i, 
1801, and was buried in Woodlawn Cemetery. 


Isaac V. Seely, son of John F. and Sally Ann (Thomp- 
son) Seely, of Ridgebury, Pa., was born at Ridgebury, 
July 3rd, 1S43. 

He enlisted January 25th, 18G2, at Elmira, X. Y., in 
Company I, 103i-d X. Y.VmIs. He entered the service of 
his country with all the vigor of his young manhood, was 
;dwavs ready for whatever duty devolved upon him. 

He was taken with congestive fever at Hatteras Island, 
.\'. C, and was in the hospital at Hatteras Inlet, after 
a short sickness, August 5th, 1S62, less than five months 
after leaving Elmira, X. Y. He was buried with the hon- 
^ ors of war, near Cam]) Winheld, Hatteras Island. 
■M His father died February 22nd. 1SG5, and his mother 
J >ii'jd Julv 2nd, ISSS. both at Ridgebury, Pa., their home. 


fi Tiiomas S. Smith, son of Daniel and Rose Smith, was 
r| iiorn in Albany, X. Y. In 1SG6 he was married to 
§ ivosanah Muligan, of Albany, and for several vears lived 
i :i Elmira and was engaged in baking. 
I Afterward he became an undertaker, and after some 
i -Kuc removed to Albany, where he had charge ot the re- 
f. '"::ir^ of the ruvr.isliinu.s (if the Slate Cainlal. end was a 

!■■■ i-^ted eniplovcc liicrc. 
Of his familv of nine children but three are now living: 
'• "oinas Smith, tif Albanv, and a vounirer sister, \\1)0 :s 

; 0' 

i-''.y:., . !^;1. / 


his houGekcepcr, and Daniel Smith, now serving in the 
United States Xavy. 

Comrade Smith's health failed, and for several vears 
he has had no permanent employment, and has since the 
death of his wife made his home with his brother Charles 
in Elmira, N. Y. 


Harry L. StiKveli vras the son of Jacob and Marv A. 
(Spaulding) Stihvell. He was born at TrnmansbnrLr. 
N. Y., where his parents then resided, May 19, 184-1. 
Before he had attained his majority he enlisted in Capt. 
Crosby's Company I, 103rd Regiment N. Y. Vols., ai 
Elmira, January 29,1862. On March 21st he startcl 
from Elmira with his company, went directlv to \Vasl> 
ington, where the regiment was equipped, arid was seri 
to Newberne. X. C, embarking at Annapolis, Md. Froui 
camp at Newberne he was one of a detail accomjjanving 
Colonel Egloffstein to Pallocksville, N. C, and was 
in the engagcaient there; was at Hatteras Islaii-: 
during the summer of sasne year; was promoted to 
Sergeant soon after, but being S2nt to Geiieral Hosj)ii:d 
for treatment, he was discharged at Philadelphia, fanu:'^^ 
26, 1863, on Surgeon's certificate of disability, and wcni 
home to recover his shattered constiLution. 

About a year later he enlisted in the Fourth Corstiuc- 
tion Division of rhe Construction Corps of tliC Armv ' : 
Cumberland, v, ith headcpira-ters at Chattariooga, Tein; . 
where he remaineil lill ilic close c">f tlie war. 

In the spring of ISuC) he went irom his home in Sclu:' 
ler county, X. \., tn Io\v:i and engaiicd in \^■ork on ■■ 
farm by the month, but soon became interested in si< *■ 
trade, bu\-ing .nul M.'!llr,g r,iuU's. cte. In thi^ he has bv -:; 
very s'!cces-i|id. I^-oni l(r\a lic\\ciicto Wichiia \-v-'- 
Texas, about 189"). soon rdter nialung a ti-ip to Alask;i 

Later he made trips to Furojje, and in the S[)rin;: '''■ 



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bi:-■^^^%^|gf** ' gfy■^^^'*j- ^ .'j^JH ^ Ad ! »!g»^ 




1S98 vras \u Cuba. He has since made headquarters at 
Washington, D. C. 
Comrade StiUvell never married. 


James H. Stougliton, son of Capt. Andrew Stoughton, 
was born at Reynolds ville, X. Y., Sept. 30, 1830. His 
lather was a carpenter by trade, and also owned a farm 
of seventy acres. Capt. Stoughton and wife were former 
residents of Haekettstown, X. J., and prior to their mar- 
riage came to Schuyler coxinty, X. Y. He was a school 
teacher and later School Commissioner, also town clerk, 
Justice Oi the Peace, a captain ot militia, and was a man 
of good standing in tlie commiinity in which he resided. 
He raised a family of seven children, of which James H. 
was the oldest. Ail of this large familv, ulth the excep- 
tion of the last born, who died in infancv, lived till their 
"teens." The pcirents were both niembers of the M. E. 

The subject of this sketch was educated in the con^mon 
schools. He was studious, having a decided preference 
for poetry. 

He enlisted January 24, 1S62, at Elmira, X. Y.. in 
Cai)t. \Yin. M. Crosby's Companv I, 103rd Regim.cnt 
X. Y. Vols., was {)romoted corporal in his companv, \^•as 
tlctailed as nurse in the hosjutal at Hattc-ras Inlet, X. C, 
in Jidy, 1S62. He was severel\ wounded in the left thigh 
in action on fames Island, S. C, Alav 22, IS'H. 

Married March 5, 1870, to Lucy Jane. dn.ughter of Mil- 
ton and Martha ( Henry I Smith, of Hector. X. Y., and 
grand-daughter of Judge Caleb Smith, of Geneva, X. Y. 

wii.r.r.vM I. sr-TiiKKL.\xi). 

William J . Sutherland was horii in Revn<ddsvillc. Sohuv- 
ler countv, X. Y., .\ugust 20, IS^-v"). He was the son of 


< ) 

Jacob F. and Diana (Crippin ) Sutherland. While yet in 
his school days he enlisted January 25, 1SG2, at Elnnra. 
■ N. Y., in Company I. 103rd Regiment X. Y. Vols., and 
commenced the life of a soldier at the barracks of tiu- 
company, "Cold Spring Brewery," on West Water strict . 

Elmira, N. Y. 

Comrade Sutherland served his country faithfully aiui 
well during its entire service, re-enlisting after two year^ 
service in the same company at Folly Island, S. C, dur- 
incr the winter of 1S64-. He was mustered out of the >cr- 
vice with his company at City Point, Va.. Dec. t, l^^<o. 
and went to Hart's Island. New York harbor, where !u- 
received his discharge and final pay and allowances a tew 
days later. Returning to Elmira he worked at the trade 
of a mason for a time, then returned to his old home. 

He was married at Bennettsburg. X. Y.. to Eliza Smiih. 
In 18S2 he moved to Hornellsville, X. Y , and inls^t- 
came to Corning. X. Y., and engaged in work ior tlie l-ai: 
Brook Railway Company, where he has since been em- 

Comrade and Mrs. Sutherland are the parents ot rive 
children. Thurlow J., born October, 1877, was a mem- 
ber of Compjny E., 202nd Regiment X. Y. Vols., durinu' 
the war with Spain, serving nin.ety-nine days in Cuba 
He was mustered out at Savannah, Georgia. Aprd l->. 

Byron J. was born Fob. 4, 1881 ; Ray, born Feb. 1 !■• 
18S5: Frank. Oct. 21. 1S90, and Ethel, Aug. 14-, isiu" 


Milton T. Tyrrell was born at Colesville, Broon.e 
1 county, X. V.', Fel>ruary 19th, lSr.9. He was the voiu:-- 

1 c-t sou of Chark"^ Tyncll a.nd Betsy, his •■■'^^'^■ 

• Hi> childhood and vouth was spent on Cok''s H'.lb D:-- 

I trict Xo. 12, he attended the common school- i:^ 

1 worked on the f;:rm till October, 1859. when he weuL i" 

.•n ' / M <vJa ■ '*ii 




Steuben county, N. Y., and engaged to work in the gang 

saw mills ot" Weston & Bronson, one mile west of Painted 

I'ost, where he was employed till December, ISGl. He 

J then changed his em])lovment and commenced work in 

I ... 

i the shoe shop of his brother-in-law, X. Taggart, at Caton, 

[ same county. 

I On January 22nd, 1SG2, he went to Elmira, X. Y., and 

I enlisted in Captain Crosby's Company 1, 103rd Regiment 

I X. Y. Vol. Infantr\- for three years, es a musician, playing 

i the hfe. Here m the barrcks, Cold Spring Brewerv, he en- 

> _ ...'".'. 

•• tered into the spirit of the soldier, drilling in squad drill 

u with the boys, manual of arms, &c., as well as practic- 

i: insr the armv calls with life and drum. From this time he 

I sliared tlic fortunes of his company and comrades for the 

I full three years of his enlistment in camp, bivouac, 

I march ftnd battle. When his company was detached 

;| from the regiment for garrison duty at Hatteras Island, 

-| X. C, in May. 1SG2, Comrade Tyrrell was kept with the 

■•' regiment, and again greeted his company when' the\' re- 

% joined the reginient in September following. 

I .\fter this time he was with the corajjanv and regiment 

I ia all its service in Virginia, in South Carolina, back 

A again to Washinuton; in the Shenandoah Vallev in the 

I tall of ISlH; then in frrmt of Petersburg in the winter oi 

I 1^G3. in the .\rmv of the James till liiialh- niustered out. 

;■ Comrade Tvrrell thus writes of an episode of armv life 

; '.hat occtirred during the last winter of his service while 

I m camp at Bermuda Front : 

I "On Fcbruarv' Stli, 1S;)5, AFajor Morrison sent an order 

|, ^T the 103rd Regiment Drmn Corps ro report to hishead- 

I 'iuartors, some two miles back from the front. On arriv- 


^^ i:ig there, we found that he had ])lanned a pleasure excur- 

;:' -■!->:i for us. which w .as t'> drun.i out of the lines, v,'ith 

".. ''•■'.:ul-'s AFirch.a ciiixen toaaisier who had :)y court uiar- 

.k '' d bjon convicted oi" stealing bread vhile Iiauiii^u itlrom 

'"1 the co-nmissarv to th.e dliTcreiu reij:imentsand selling it to ' 


->. ■•T3j:;, 

■ J ■)'' 

an army sutler. We drummed him up to the left of o-:r 
line near the Appomattox river, and along the line of -u 
ner breastworks, nearly to the James river, back to wIktc 
\ve started. It was very ainusing to the soldiers to -( c 
the poor fellow march in the nuid, bare-headed, one-l:.-!''" 
of his head shaved to the skin, a big log of wood on h'\^ 
back, and a board lal-;eled: 'I Stole the Soldiers' BrccUt ' 
When we got back to headquarters his load was taken 
off, his hat was given back to him, and Major Alonisi'!! 
gave him the tindiugs of the court rnartial for a pass.tcii 
ing him they would get liim through ourlincs. I j)re>u!r.L 
he thought of sometiiing, but he said not a word while 
in hearingof us. Our Dnnn Mjijor thought we. too, h:ii 
some punishment marching in that Virginia mud eight t :' 
nine miles." 

He thus continues : '"On March 4-th orders were re- 
ceived at regimental heridquarters to send all the nie:! 
whose time expired in Januarv to the rear. There b.a-i 
been a good deal of dissatisfaction at being kept at the 
front after serving the time of enlistment, and some <'< 
the boys had rclused lo do dutv, ar.d in consequence were 
put in tlie guard house, with a diet of bread and water, 
some being tied up to trees, for v.'hat \^•as termed niu'.n:;- 
in refusing to go out to the |)icket line of rifle ])its eve: v 
other night, to be sliot at anv longer. Consec[uenil\'. ^- 
T. Ostrander. Corporal A. 11. Cummins, Corporal Jame- i : 
Stoughton. L. L. Flower, D. M. Dickerson ar.d mvsei!. >. 
Company I, with l-t others of the regiment. ]).'tcke(l ■.^;- 
our iK'longings. and, escorted bv a guard to the landn:-.;. 
went on bv)ard a boat and ^teamed down the fames rr. »i 
some forty miles, landing ai tliat old hist(n-ic;d ;.i. '(-«•. 
Jamestown Island. Here we were turned over to ^' ' 
care of a Lijnienaat of [he lOOdi Rcuinuait X. V. \':'l-- 
who, witli a sijiKid I)! sc)' liji's. was tliero ;LM!'ir<." i: g • '- ^ 
end of a telegrar'n line ;!oross the pcniiisuia. I '.'e' ■■ ■ 
knew whether onr ^-nard down the ri\er wa^ a ^'i o' 

honor, or were we S2nt as prisoiici-s, but it was the last 
time we marclicd under nuirtial orders. We had a fine 
time there, looking over the island and the ruins of Cap- 
tain Joiin Smith's old bloek house, cemetery, &c. We saw 
the big stone that Smith's head was laid on to be beaten 
with war clubs when Pocahontas saved his life by her de- 
termined interposition. 

"One week passed away quickh-, and we received a dis- 
patch to be ready to take the boat that evening. The 
boat came with the rest of the regiment to be mustered 
our. and we scrambled aboard. In two minutes were 
making good speed towards New York, where we arrived 
the next night at ten o'clock, March 14-th. After some 
delay, caused bv the inuster rolls not being proj^erly made 
out, we tinallv received our discharged and pay on March 
ISth, 1SG5." 

Comrade Tvrrcll arrived at his old home April 1st. He 
resumed farming again at East Windsor, Broome county. 
X. Y., remaining there four years. April, 1870, he moved 
to Colesville, sauie county, where he still resides, conduct- 
ing his farm. 

Married in March, 1867, Julia E., daughter ot Isaac R. 
and Emelinc J. (Thurber) Livingston, of Colesville. To 
this union were born children, viz.: Delphinc N., born at 
East Windsor, April, 1SG8 (now Mrs. Scudder), Lena 
M., born at Colesville. X. Y., Sept. 1S69 (now Mrs. Stev- 
ens), and Lou J., born at Colesville, X. Y., December, 
1S72, has been successfully engaged in teaching school 
since about ISSO. 

Mrs. Tyrrell, never of strong constitution physically, 
died Sei)tember, ISSM. 

Again nrirrled S:pt-Nnbjr, 1SS3, to Ylrs. Joanna 11. 
'Carroll) Livingston, who lias three children, viz.: Verge 
i). Livingston, ijorn janu.'u-y, 187"); Tnj:d Living.-ton, 
burn August, 1872, ar.d 1. R. Livingston, born Aprd. 


'' -1 ,■:■::■< a 


Joseph Wade was born in Lancaster connty, Pa , Aui:. 
12, 1832. He was the son of John S. and Alary i Jones i 
Wade, who moved from Lancaster connty in 1S?>7 lo 
Ehnira, X. Y. The father was a carpenter by trade, b\!t 
the son worked mostly on farm-,. He was also engai^e.I 
on the canal and railroad to some extent. 

He enlisted at Ehnira, March 12, 1S62, in Company I. 
103rd Regimeni. X. Y. Vols., and went to the front wiih 
that regiment, arriving at Xcwberne, N. C, April 1, th-.- 
same year. 

Comrade Wade was detailed to cook for a time in his 
companv, and was also teamster at Hattcras Islanil, 
N. C, dnring the summer of 1SG2. He was detailed ns 
cook for Brigade Quartermaster's train at Petersburg. 
Va., for some time after the surrender of Appomattox 
C. H. 

He re-enlisted as A'cteran at Folly Island. S. C, alter 
two vears service, anrl went home on veteran furloiigh 
about twentv davs after the balance of the re-enlistcd 
men from the company, returning abo'it the last ol Jui'.c. 
1864. He was mustered out with the battalion at City 
Point, "^.'a., Dec. 7, ISO.'. 

In the spring of lb(36 he accepted a position on t'.ic 
Northern Central Railroad, wliieh he held for about thne 
vears, tlien vv-as employed on the canal for about t!:<.- 
same length of time. 

He learned the slater's trade, working in Ehnira: ^\■a'i 
also engaged bv the Water Works Ccmipany ; rdso u>^ 
Barker. Dounce. Rose & Co. in their tinning and roonr- 
departinent for .'i ninnber of years, then for Losey Bros . 
slaters, for alH,>ut six years. 

lie w;!s married in tiic spririg of ISoo t.> Re'>cec.:. 
daugliter of i.acob \Vc:i'"e, <if Cashtou p., ooar::- v 
Pa. Bv thi< anion vrere born children, viz.: Samuel !» 
deceased; Ida, deceased.; Benjamin I-Van.ldin. born 1>'^- 



. •yy ." ' ?? 




{ Kate Belle (Mrs. Jean Arnold, of Elmira); Jessie, of Syra- 
I cuse, N. Y.; Mary E., at home. Comrade Wade is living 
^ lu Elmira, X. Y. 


*• Fernando Wescott was born in the township of Hector, 

I countv of Tompkms (now Schuyler), State of New York, 
I July 17, 1 842. His father, Amos Wescott, was born May 
I 20,' 1806, and came to Tompkins county from Xew Jersey 
I in'l818. He died May 8, 1888. His mother. Sophie 
I Ann, was a daughter of Alexander Lyon, who in 1825 
'^ settled on the Hector farm, now owned by Fernando 

J The snbi'ect of this sketch enlisted January 15, 1862, at 

"' Elmira in Captain William M. Crosby's Company 1, 
" 103rd N. Y. Yolunteer Infantry, and went to the front 
' with the company, passing through the National Capi- 
tal, thence to Annapolis. Md., and by ocean transport to 
Xewberne, X. C , April 1st, same year. He was with the 
i oxpedliion to Ev:ins Mills in M'ay, and later in that 
month went with, his company to Hattcras Island, X. C. 
He was with the detail of which Orderly Sergeant Wilber 
s took command at Cape Hattcras Light House as guard 
(hiring the sun.imcr, but was taken with typhoid fever, 
' and was left at the hospital at Hatteras Inlet when the 
companv left there September 7th to join the regiment. 
•Vs soon, however, as he had sufHciently recovered he 
was sent north, arriving in Xew York City October 26. 
Here, through the inlluence of the matron of the "Sol- 
i diers' Home," k.c was given a furlough and went Lo his 
J home, where he remained till January 4. 1863. He then 
* roiurned to Xew York, was sent to Fort Hamilton, Xew 
' York harbor, and from there to the convalescent camp at 
•A";i<hin^-ton. D. C. Ho joined ln.> con.ipany ;iad regnncnt 
^ the last week in March at Newport Xcws, Va. He wcr.t 
f"! lo SuiTolk with the companv, but was again taken sick 

A . f . I .»- 

iTA. '.-, 

./ .'A ,y 

' oh ■< ■ ,'i 


and was sent to the United States General Hospital at 
Hampton, Va., in April, 1SG3. 

In July he again joined the company and rcginieni ra 
camp near Porlsnionth, Va., in time to go with liis con:- 
mancl to South Carolina. kuKling at Folh' Island earlv i:; 
August. While at this place he re-enlisted, with others 
of his company and regiment after two full vears service. 
for three years' more, and was granted a veteran furloug'r. 
of tliirty days. Returning from furlough lie was with the 
expedition on James Island June 30 to Julv 10. IbGl 
From this time he was with the eompunv in its servict 
till mustered out from South Carolina to Arlingtoi; 
Heights opposite Washington, thence in the Shenandoah 
Valley, and about January 1st to Bermuda I-'rout in i\vj 
Army of the James, till the nrst week in April, 1S65. 

The camp was then moved to Petersburg, Va., and ir.f 
battalion of three companies was doing provost duty in 
the counties of Surry, Chesterfield and at Petersburg, Va., 
till the last part of Xovembcr, 18G5, when it was or- 
dered to City Point, Va., for final muster out, which vvas 
done Dec. 7. 

Comrade served four years, lacking one month aiiii 
three days, and returned to his home. 

He was married August 20, 1 SSS, to Mary A. Owen 
They have no children. 

Comriide Wescott is a farmer, l)ut with thau occupatif u 
has added the manufactorv of grape baskets at Hccto;. 
X. Y. He thus ends his sketch : "I am now 57 vcars <•.<• 
and my time here vjcrhap'S is short, but am expccii; -' 
when the time shall come for to lav mv work a>i -^ 
andjoin the silent majoritv, th.a.t tliere is a mansion jtc- 
parod for me in the rv-alms of eternal sjirinu time, f^'i' ^ 
know whotn I have believed, and He has said, "I g<> i^'* 
prcjjarc a pL'ieo H>r von, and v.iil cr)me auain that w h-. - 
I :'-n yo'.i may !.)..■ alsf)." thi-on^h all cternitv. -and hoi".' -' 
that I may have the j)leasurc of meeting in the Celcsn : 
Cicy all the URanbers of Company- I, X. V. Vet. Vols." 


n'i' D * O' ' JiTTt?, 

■\ :.. 1 

I j; 


Orin R. WnitncY was born in Sonthport township, 
Clicmimg county, X. Y., Aug. 10, IS-iJ.. His father, Lem- 
uel Whitney, was liorn in Xew Hampshire July 12. 1810, 
and died Sept. 20, 1SS3. His motherwas born April Gth, 
1825, at Burlington A't., and is still(lS97)living at Mcriden, 
La Salle county, Illinois. There were three sons of these 
parents. The eldest served in Company B, 161st Regi- 
uieiit X. Y. Yols., and was killed at the battle of Ceme- 
tery Hill. Louisiana. The subject of this sketch enlisted 
at Elmira, X. Y., February 15th. 1862, in Company I, 
103rd Regim.ent X. Y. Yols., for three years, and was 
mustered into the serTice of the United States the next 
day by Major A. L. Lee, U. S. A. 

He went to the front with his company on March 21st, 
joining the 103rd Regiment at Washington, D. C; and, 
after complete equipment, emlDarked at Annai:)olis, Md., 
on ocean steamer Erricson and landed at Xewberne, X. 
C. April 1st. He was ever ready for any duty he was 
called on to perform, in the camp at Hatteras Island, on 
the march or transport: on the long march from the bat- 
tle field of Antietam, Md.. to Fredericksburg, Ya., in the 
autumn of 18G2, he was ever at his place in the ranks, 
though rnanv fell bv tlie wayside and were sent to hos- 
\ntii\ or brought in bv wagon. Comrade \Yhitnev v;rites 
a.s follows: 

"Laving before Fredericksburg, on the hills, doing camp 
dutv and drilling until December 11, 1S62. when the 
great battle commericcd. I was doing duty at headquar- 
ters (division), and was on ])Ost when, at -t o'clock in the 
uiorning. I heard the signal guns fired on one ot the gun- 
Ijoa.ts down the Rappahannock river. I kr.ew that a 
,\?reat strufrglc was nou- on hand, and in a few minutes 
ncarlv two liuu'Ir*,' i ;,icce- i-'i arLillLry opened liio nn tlie 
'.•id. fated town of I- re.lericksburg. All day lung tf.e bat- 
tle raLad in all its turv. Then the armv commenced to 


cross the river on pontoons; the three bridges were 
quickly placed, and the fierce battle was raging with all 
• branches of the service engaged. Al\' company was or- 
dered to join the regiment, as they lay down on the l^ank 
of the river. 

On the morning of the 12th of December our turn came 
to cross over and take a hand with the others. We did 
not do much the balance oi that day but picket duty, but 
oh! how the poor soldiers were Ijeing slaughtered to tliC 
ri£:ht, to the left and in the center. Men were being 
brought to the rear minus legs, arms, severelv wounded 
through the body. At night we slept in the basements of 
houses, and what a fearful nigiit it was. The cannon 
kept booming at close intervals, and the long roll of raus- 
ketr}-^ and the picket shots made the most drearv fore- 
bodings. On the morning of the 13th of December the 
outlook was an\'thing but encouraging for the Union 
forces. The sky was cloudy and threatening, and most 
of us felt blue enough. Close in our front lay Gen. Lee's 
great armv intrenched behind this impregnable breast- 
works, keeping a sharp lookout for the Union forces. 
Down on tlie left Gen. Franklin's grand division was 
fighting furiously, and ha.d advanced about two n.iiles 
from the river, driving the enemy slowlv but surely. 
Then came a halt; the rebels had been re-enforced at that 
point, and Franklin met a most stubborn defi:ii';cc, Vidiich 
lasted all day long. On our right was Gen. Hooker with 
his army, crossincx the Rappahannock near Falmouth. 
They ma 1c but little i)rogrcss, as tlie rebel line wris so 
strongly defended and their position im])regnable. 

Our brigade was round on the brink cf the river near 
the gasliouse, near and below where we crossed the river 
on the pontoon brid<i(,' .\bout three o'clock p. m. : en tlie 
ll^thi tlic bugle soandc(i ihc "kdl in erili'' ar.d uo Uik'av 
our turn liad come for action. \Vc iiled along slowlv up 
through the narrow ami muddv streets in close eoluir.n. 

:i ''I 

•j '1 r?c:-;0 

until we got opposite a long vacant lot, then the shot 
and shell from the enemy began to drop around among 
us at a lively rate. Major Ringold, commanding the regi- 
ment, gave the order to "charge bayonet through tlie 
open field to a low depression in the land formation near 
the railroad track. We hurried down there as fast aslesfs 
would carry us to get under cover. 

About this time our division was formed for a grand 
charge on the rebel lines. We were foi'med three lines 
deep and when the bugle sounded "forward" awav we 
went for rebel breastworks and oh, my! what havoc the 
enemy's shell made with our men at close range. The 
Johnnies gave us shot, shell, canister and bullets. It did 
not seem as though any human being could survive such 
a rain of iron and lead. Our brigade consisted of the S9th 
X. Y. Vols., 9th X. Y Vols. (Hawkins Zouaves), 103d X. 
Y. Vols., 25th X.J. Vols, 10th X. H. Vols, and 16th Conn. 
Vols., commanded by Col. H. S. Fairchikls of the S9th X. 
v.. Itv.'as arranged that the old regiments of the brigade 
should lead the advcince in tlie charge, going to the rail- 
road embankment and tlien cover the three new regiments 
—the 10th X. H. Vols., the 25th X. J. Vols, and the 16th 
Conn. Vols., to go over the rebel breastworks, but thcv 
met with such a terrible fnsilade of musketrv, shot and 
shell, that they broke and ran in cverv direction. Tlic 
ground was strewn v.-itln he dead, and dying and wound- 
ed men were calling for help in every direction. 

Such a horrible sight I ho]:!e never to see again. Dark- 
ness closed the dreadfid carnage and we withdrew, under 
cover, near the city laying on our arms all night in the 
rain and mud. 

All day the 1-lth j)reparations were made for recrossing 
the army to the south side of the Rappahanock and just 
as soon as darkncs> m'L in ihc troops commenced to re- 
'-•ross an.dt.'ike up posiLiou intl'.e ohl camps. This was sd 
skillfully done that the enemy knew notiiing of it and few 

•f ' 'ryws w, > , 

»i^».«iiw4»wuj^ ^9 !S ^\-. •*" ' '»■ '' 4 w<i ; .i»'MiJj.j-v^' 'q '»-^ '' ^ •' ;' »:' ' !«yfp i ^i>j^ ^ j i. ^v' 



^ ^ 

f . 

K" ' 




A-* J '^'; ■'■■■ ■ ■*' '^ 


:s4^> ■ 

5. -i?' 



of our men actually knew it till we had reached the pon- 
toon bridge." 

Comrade Whitney speaks as follows of a later trans- 
actiou -TC-hile at Bermuda Front : "One night I was sciu 
on diit>- dovcn near the river (James) under the Ilalkit 
House batterv-. when the rebel fleet, consisting of the rcnv. 
•■'OlJDoraimon," "State of Virginia" and "Drurys Bluff 
camedown the river having in view the breaking of ib.c- 
blockade and attacking our fleet which was laying in th^- 
river belowi 

As the Old Dominion was trying to get througli tl;(r 
blockade she got foul on the bar and the Drurys Blut! 
came to her assistance. She had no more than got a H;:r 
oaboaxdtbeformer than a gunner from a Rhode Island 
battery threw a shell which exploded in her magazi,:,-. 
literatlr blowing her to atoms, not a soul being saved 
tronr the wreck. It was the most beautiful sight lever 
saw. Tilers was unl^oundcd grandeur amidst death. Ov. 
onrpkketline we had frequent skirmishes with the rche!> 
from day to day up to the time we left the arniv for 

He participated in all the skirmishes or actions in wl:i.h 
his company was engaged and was finally m.ustered cui 
at New York city March 18, 18!),"), After his dischr.r-c- 
he began ILTe's battle in earnest, at iirst by working in a 
nnrsery at Watkins, X. Y. He now hangs his shingle at 
Xew York city as Mechanical Engineer. 

W^ehciregiveacircamsla;ice related by him: '-Aficr -t 
tew days \nsiting I resolved to go to work and was ^r;:- 
ployed in Col. Frost's nursery at Watkins with several 
otlier returned soldiers. When President Lincoln w.- - 
killed forenjan remarked that he was glad of it. 'Ac 
hehl a council together and it wa.s decided to luing ]- h-i 
Whcatnu at 12 o'clock liiat day i April 1 ~,th i. \Vc -d •' 
rope aart had the knot tied and hid it in a pile oi' nc-.^- 
WTierr the bell sounded the noon hour, we all asseniM^'^l 

.-5:^ i ^ :>v/ iir:' •>'^ 

;'>!'» V 



: <7<{{^. SblcS