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Old Settlers' Union 
of Princeville 
and Vicinity 






a. yix.- 

First President of Old Settlers' Union of Princeville and Vicinity 
Born August 30, 1834 









Material comprised in 

Reports of Committees on History and Reminiscences 

for years 1911, 1912, 1913, 1914, 1915 

Published under the auspices of 

Old Settlers' Union of Princeville and Vicinity 

August, 1915 




Publishing Committee 

' We build more splendid habitations, fill our rooms with 
paifitin^s and with sculptures, but cannot buy with 
gold the old associations. ' ' 

— //enry IV. Longfelloiv. 



Organized August 22, 1906, and first picnic held 
September 19 of same year. 

Object, "To perpetuate the memories of pioneer 
days, foster a reverence for our forefathers, and en- 
courage the spirit of fellowship and hospitality." 

Annual picnic and reunion last Thursday in Au- 
gust, unless changed by Executive Committee, 

Eligible to membership : Any person 21 years of 
age, having resided w^ithin the State of Illinois one 
year; dues $1.00 per year. 

Townships included: Princeville, Akron, Mill- 
brook, Jubilee, Hallock and Radnor in Peoria County; 
Essex, Valley and West Jersey in Stark County ; Truro 
in Knox County ; and LaPrairie in Marshall County. 

Committees on History and Reminiscences : 

1911 : S. S. Slane, Chas. E. Stowell. 

1912 : S. S. Slane, Chas. E. Stowell, Peter Auten. 

1913 : Peter Auten, Odillon B. Slane, Geo. I. McGinnis. 

1914 : Same. 

1915 : Same. 


This book, a eompanion to Vol. I issued in 1912, 
is a reproduction with a few corrections and additions, 
of the various sketches as transmitted by the respective 
committees to the Union in years 1911 to 1915 inclusive, 
and the year of writing is indicated on each sketch. 
Articles on general subjects are given first, then family 
histories in alphabetical order, and then lists of the 
burials in the difi'erent cemeteries. 

Especial attention is called to the "Map of Prince- 
ville in 1840 and 1841", to the Diary of John K. Wil- 
son, enroute overland to Oregon in 1850, at close of the 
history of Aaron Wilson family; and to the lists of 
soldiers and of soldier dead. 

Each of the Reminiscence Committees has realized 
that the families named in its sketches are but a few 
taken from among the many worthy the pen of a his- 
torian. The Publishing Committee therefore hopes that 
this volume will be an incentive to the writing of addi- 
tional family sketches, and also of additional sketches 
on memorable events or on subjects of a general nature, 
which may in due time be published in another volume 
similar to this one. 

The families whose history is herein printed are 
urged to preserve enough copies of this volume for each 
of their children. Several have indicated their inten- 
tion of purchasing Vol. I, also, in order to have a com- 
plete set of the books from the start; and some are 
planning to have Vols. I and II permanently bound 

Price of this Volume, postpaid: Single copies 50 
cents ; one dozen copies $5.00 ; half dozen at dozen rate. 

A limited number of copies of Vol. I may be had 
while they last at same price as Vol. II. Send orders 
for either volume to Peter Auten, Princeville, 111. 


•■ ^ 

I J If 

PRINCEVILLE IN (840 & 1841 


From Recollections of Henry W. McFadden and S. S. 

Slane, 1912. 

From letter of Henry W. McFadden to Publishing 
Committee of Vol. I: "On the 4th day of July, 1851, 
I was one of a party of ladies and gentlemen that took 
a horseback ride into the country about 3yo miles west 
and north of Princeville and spent the afternoon parad- 
ing on the prairie. The names of the party as near as 
I remember were as follows: Ladies, Misses Harriet 
and Josephine Munson, Miss Slane, Miss S. Henry, Miss 
Mariah Stevens, Miss Julia Moody and Miss Sloan. 
Gentlemen were John and Hugh Henry, Milton Wilson 
and Mr. Burnham (the gentleman that married Miss 
Sloan). That was a good while ago, 61 years nearly. 
Question : Who is alive today of that party? 

Of the ladies I know of but one Miss Josephine M. 

Munson, now Mrs. Reynolds of Kansas. Miss 

Julia Moody and Miss S. Henry and Miss Slane, may 
be living as I have never been advised of their deaths. 
Of the men, Milton Wilson is the only man besides my- 
self. My age is 86 years January 26, 1912." 

Comments by Mr. Slane: "I remember well the 
Fourth of July Mr. McFadden mentions in 1851, and 
remember that on the same day I, together with Milton 
Henry, went to Chillicothe where the Princeville band 
was engaged. It was the young people a little older 
than myself that took the horse-back ride as mentioned 
by Mr. McFadden. Of that party, Milton Wilson, Mrs. 
Julia Moody Henry (widow of John Henry) and Mrs. 
Sarah Slane (widow of B. F. Slane) are now the only 
ones living besides Mrs. Josephine Reynolds and Mr. 

Comments by Mr. Slane on reading account of 1844 
celebration, as given in Vol. I, History and Reminis- 
cences, p. 61 : 

"There are some inaccuracies in that. The Blan- 
chard's lived west of town and the Auten's lived in 


Radnor at this time, and as a matter of fact the celebra- 
tion was not in Peoria. It was at Gifford's on Orange 
Prairie," said Mr. Slane. 

"You certainly have a long memory, Mr. Slane." 
"Well, those things made more of an impression in 
those days than they do now." 

"How can you remember one celebration from an- 
other, though?" 

"Well, I can; we came in the year '41 and there was 
no celebration that year. In 1842 there was as nice 
a celebration as I ever saw ; people came all the w^ ay 
from Chillieothe, Wyoming and Brimfield. There were 
three Revolutionary soldiers seated there and the men 
and boys listened to them talk. One was John McGin- 
nis's grandfather, John Montgomery; one was De 
Lorm Bronson's grandfather Phineas Bronson; and the 
other was Eugene Lake, who lived up at Wetherstield, 
where Kewanee now is. One of them had a fiddle and 
he would play a while, then they would talk. The 
three old soldiers had three good eyes between them: 
Montgomery had two good eyes. Lake had one eye and 
Phineas Bronson was totally blind. Then there was 
Hilliard, B. L., the school teacher, had us boys march- 
ing. We went 'round and 'round as there were no 
streets in those days. I remember he told us, 'Now% 
boys, when the big drum strikes, lift your left foot high 
and march in time.' 

Another Fourth I remember old man Cameron made 
the speech and old man Klinck read the Declaration of 
Independence. Mrs. Hew^itt's father, Jonathan Nixon, 
as bright a man as ever lived in the town said, 'The 
day was pretty well spent, but we are pretty hard up 
when we have to send to Canada for a man to read the 
Declaration of Independence and to Scotland for a man 
to make a speech on the Fourth of July.' " 




By Edwin C. Silliman, 1-913. 

Reprinted from Chillicothe Bulletin. 

I have been repeatedly asked to write a historical 
sketch of Northern Peoria Coimty, as remembered by 
myself, and supplemented by documents in my posses- 
sion. What I shall write is not a critical history, but 
merely an off hand sketch of many old time happenings. 

The first settlement was at Old Fort Clark, now 
Peoria, by a few people in 1819 and 1820. In 1825-6 
there was a settlement started in the vicinity of 
"Union" and Northampton, along the hills between 
these points, as the settlers came from a timbered coun- 
try, and chose the shelter of the woods and hills. It 
was known as the "Upper Settlement"; the first settler 
was Lewis Hallock, who came to Peoria about 1820, and 
soon after settled at the mouth of "Hallock Hollow" 
west of Union. Hallock was a Quaker and did not be- 
lieve in war. He was known by the "Red Man" as 
"The man of Peace," as he would take no part in any 
disputes between the Indian and the White man, but 
was always the staunch friend of the Indian. 

He married the daughter of an early settler, Hiram 
Cleveland, her name Mrs. Wright. She had a daughter 
Harriet, and they one, named Clarissa, that married 
Henry Robinson, a son of Lyman Robinson, one of the 
first settlers of Blue Ridge. The township of Hallock 
was named for him. He died in 1857 in the house that 
is the Marion Reed homestead. 

In 1825 Simon, Aaron and Samuel Reed settled in 
their respective homes, Samuel going on to Buffalo 
Grove northwest of Dixon. In 1826 came Francis 
Thomas, father of Major Joseph F. Thomas of the 86th 
111. Regt. and grandfather of Dr. Ora Thomas of Chilli- 

In 1828 came the Sillimans, Roots and others, and 
in 1830 Joel Hicks and others. Most of these people 


were originally from Connecticut, moving to New York 
and after the war of '12-14 to Ohio. 

In 1828 Simon Reed went back to Ohio after his 
parents, and piloted through ten teams, known as "The 
big Train." The mother of the Reeds, Mary Benedict 
Reed, died in 1832 and is buried in La Salle cemetery. 
The father, Samuel Reed Sr., made a visit on horseback 
to his son Samuel at Buffalo Grove in 1833, where he 
was taken sick and died suddenly on August 17th, 1833. 
He was the first person buried in the Reed cemetery at 
Buffalo Grove, now Polo, 111. 

Samuel Reed Jr. was the first settler in Ogle county 
with the avowed purpose of farming and not keeping 
a hotel. His daughter Sarah was the wife of our 
esteemed "Old Settler" Lucas C. Hicks. All the chil- 
dren of Samuel Reed are dead. 

Aaron Reed's son-in-law Reuben Hamlin laid out 
the town of Northampton in 1835, and he built the first 
Tavern in 1835-6. It was a noted stopping place in 
earlv days and is mentioned by several early writers 
of ''Western Sketches." 

Cyrus Reed and Erastus (Major) Reed were sons of 
Aaron Reed and his wife Sally Goff, who was a noted 
cook and housekeeper in early days. Cyrus Reed mar- 
ried a daughter of Nathaniel Chapin, who was noted as 
one of the finest penmen in the country. Cyrus Reed 
was one of the '49ers, in the California race for gold, 
and others who went were Samuel Hicks and James 

Simon Reed married Currenee Sanford, and his 
brother Samuel married her sister Phebe. Simon raised 
a family of 14 children, of whom only three are living. 
His son Amos Avas the first white child born in Hallock 
township, and James Root, the son of his sister, was 
the first child born in Chillicothe. Amos Reed moved 
to Iowa in an early day and died there. Sanford, the 
oldest son, lived and died on the farm adjoining the old 
Reed homestead on the East. 

From Union to Northampton, the early settlers were 
William Crispin, Levi Sprague, Walter S. Evans, 


Francis Thomas, Enoch Thomas, Wm. Bryden and 
Jacob Moats. 

Samuel Merrill and wife Nancy came to Peoria in 
1821, moved to Medina township and then to a farm 
two miles north of Chillicothe. In a Peoria paper dated 
Dec. 17, 1841, I find the administratrix notice of the 
estate of Samuel Merrill signed by Nancy Merrill. They 
were the parents of the late Mrs, John G. Kendall, and 
grandfather of Alva Merrill. 

Joseph Meridith was another old settler and kept 
a tavern north of Northampton, which was the Stage 
Station. He was the father of Mrs. Lyman Reed. I 
remember him as a great hunter in my boyhood days, 
and always dressed in Buckskin suit. A nephew of his 
was William H. Meridith, Superintendent of Printing 
and Engraving, in the Treasury Department at Wash- 
ington under Roosevelt. 

Samuel T. McKean was an old resident, who came in 
1832, and was a County Commissioner. He was among 
the followers of Whitman to Oregon in 1846, who after 
a terrible "voyage" across the plains, arrived at the 
Dalles on the Willamette River. As the Indians were 
warlike and it was late in the season they left their 
goods and went down the river to Vancouver to winter. 
The Indians captured the Fort, stole and burned all the 
goods, and in the Spring the party were dependent 
upon the charity of the settlers for a start in that new 
country. McKean finally settled at Portland. In 1851 
his son having gone to California in the Gold excite- 
ment, was attacked with consumption, and McKean 
went to him. Having to go forty miles from San Jose 
for medicine for him, he was caught in a terrible storm 
when half way back, was taken sick at. a hotel near 
Palo Alto and died in five days, his son outliving him. 

His brother J. Harvey McKean came with his 
brother-in-law Jacob Booth in 1835. Booth was the 
father of the late Levi Booth and Mrs. Perry Root. 
Harvey McKean settled at Blue Ridge where he was a 
shoemaker for years. He was a very intelligent man 
in many ways ; was a good writer and his letters were 


pointed and bright. He was a rabid Democrat, and 
during the war was a leader of the anti-war sentiment 
in his community. He died October 5, 1912, at Wyo- 
ming, 111., aged 94 years. I visited him to get a few 
items of olden times, only a few weeks before his death. 
Thomas B. Reed came in October, 1829, and lived for 
a time in a cabin of iiis brother Simon, then for a 
year on the Hyde farm. He then entered the home 
farm on which he lived his lifetime. It is now owned 
by his daughter Mrs. James Preston. Joseph Silliman 
married his oldest daughter. Amy, and moved upon 
the old Silliman farm, building a brick house on it in 
1846. On this place is located La Salle cemetery, the 
land for which was given by Gershom Silliman, who 
reserved the lot upon which are buried quite a num- 
ber of the family. 

Gershom Silliman and Joel Hicks were both soldiers 
in the war of 1812, the former a Lieutenant in Captain 
Denio's Company of Colonel Fitzwilliams Regiment 
of the 1st New York Militia. 

Joel Hicks was a sergeant in Captain Frederick P. 
Foote's Company, also was in Captain Homer R. 
Phelps' Company 13th (Farringtons) Regiment New 
York Militia, enlisted August 24th, 1812, discharged 
Feb. 10th, 1813, and allowed 13 days pay to go home. 
These records I have from the War Department. Joel 
Hicks was a son of Levi Hicks and Mary Waters, who 
were bom in Rhode Island and moved to Nova Scotia, 
where Joel was born. When he was three years old 
they came to N. Y., and to Richmond, Ohio in 1817. 
His father was accidentally drowned, in Salt Creek, 
Ohio. His mother then married Judge Samuel Reed, 
who was a Judge thirty years and died at Piketon. 
Ohio, aged 77 years. All of Joel Hicks' children were 
born in Ohio but the youngest ]\Irs. Louisa Patterson, 
who died in 1878 at the age of 81 years. Of 14 chil- 
dren only two are living, Lucas C. Hicks and Mrs. Ai:n 

Joel Hicks was a natural mechanic. He and my 
father made the first Sash Plane in Peoria County, and 


it went from Mossville to Toulon. He built a dam 
across the creek, with a mill race, and located his card- 
ing machine about twenty rods North of his brick resi- 
dence. The wool was washed by the settlers, tied up in 
a blanket and brought to the mill. It was carded and 
fed on to a draper, which carried it under a fluted 
roller that pressed it into rolls. These dropped into a 
pile and were put into the blanket and securely pinned 
up with Sweet Locust thorns, which I as a boy de- 
lighted to gather for the purpose. 

Joel Hicks was Post Master in name, but my father 
was in fact ; being only 19 years old he could not hold 
the office and his uncle did. I find by his old book that 
his returns to the Government March 31, 1834, were 
$5.00 ior two quarters. The Office was on the Galena 
Road in the double log house on the Silliman farm. 
Every two weeks Harris Miner came from the Essex 
settlement, Stark County, and carried back the mail on 
foot in a meal sack. It took two weeks to get mail from 
Springfield, and longer in proportion from the East. 

Linus Scoville, son of Linus Scoville and Elizabeth 
Seelye, of Conn., settled in Medina Township in the 
early thirties. He had a sister, Mrs. Geo. Hoyt. His 
father died in 1840, his mother in 1862 and he died in 
Chillicothe in 1902. The Seelye 's came about the same 
time. William Seelye was a cabinet maker and lived 
in Chillicothe in 1837, when he made a spinning wheel 
for my parents, which is now in my possession. He and 
Samuel Seelye, father of Israel Seelye and Mrs. Jack 
Bennett, both settled on the "High Prairie" as then 
called, near the old Southampton Post Office. About 
1840 another brother Henry, went to Seelye 's Point, 
Stark County, where he lived and died. 0. L. Nelson 
and Benjamin Hulburt were the only near neighbors 
they had. 

At the time of the Black Hawk War Samuel Reed 
came in, and he and others built the Block House near 
Simon Reed's. He went back home as soon as the 
trouble was over. The soldiers in 1832 from that neigh- 


borhood were, Edwin S. Jones, William Wright, John 
Stringer, John E. Bristol, John Clifton, Hiram Cleve- 
land, Elias Love, Jacob Moats, Lucas Root, David 
Ridgeway, Thomas B. and Simon Reed, Jefferson Talli- 
fero, Linus Scoville, Minott Silliman ; and others were 
in other commands. 

Senachwine, the chief of the tribe of Pottawattamie 
Indians, near Chillicothe, died about 1830. My father, 
Joel Hicks, and a couple of other men were in a boat 
going to a mill about the mouth of Crow creek, and 
met two Indians in a canoe with something under a 
blanket. Our men hailed them and asked if it was ven- 
ison. They pointed to the blanket and said, "Senach- 
wine dead!" When they returned home the Indians 
were dilligently searching for "Firewater" for a grand 
"Powwow." This they had after depositing all of 
their guns and hatchets, with one Indian who kept 
sober and stood guard over the tepee that they were 
in. There were no Indians here after 1832. They 
went to Iowa, near Des Moines, and located. These In- 
dians were a peaceful, inoffensive people only when at 
war. They had many strange delusions. One was that 
the rattlesnake was controlled by "The Great Spirit" 
and they protected instead of killing it. My father and 
his brother, Minott, were building fence one day and an 
Indian was standing near when they discovered a rat- 
tlesnake, coiled ready for business, and one of them 
went to get a stick to kill it. The Indian made a quick, 
circular motion with his hand around the snake and 
caught it by the back of the neck and the body, and 
thrusting it through the fence, exclaimed "Puck-a- 
chee," Get away. Sam Allen and Marshall Silliman 
were alone for two months during the war in 1832, in 
a double log house on the old Merrit Reed place, which 
they had stockaded. The only white men they saw 
were messengers going from Fort Clark to the front, 
near Dixon. The women and children had been moved 
across the river to Meacham's Mill, or "Ten Mile" as 
it has since been called. 


The first school in Hallock Township was taught in 
a house on the present site of the Harrison Reed house, 
by Lucia Root, daughter of Rev. Jeriel Root, in the 
winter of 1829. The first schoolhouse was the Hicks 
schoolhouse, built in 1836, late District No. 4, Hallock. 
The Easton schoolhouse was built in 1848, with Belle 
Jones Easton- Wood as the first teacher and seven 
scholars, Mary Nelson, Cyrenus Russell, Savannah Hul- 
burt, Stephen and William Easton, my brother Norman 
and myself. The last two are all of that class now liv- 

During this term of school, Raymond and Warren's 
circus exhibited at Northampton, and every scholar 
but my brother and I went to the circus. That was 
the longest day in school I ever experienced, but one 
week from that day Van Amburg's menagerie exhib- 
ited at the same place, and I was "in it" and saw 
"Herr Dresback," the lion tamer, enter the cage of 
lions. He was the first man to enter a cage of lions 
in a public show in the United States and made a 
great advertisement. 

Northampton was then the trading point for a large 
circle around it. Richard Scholes moved there from a 
farm south of Princeville and opened a good store. 
He was a man of fine character and well liked. When 
Chillieothe got started and had the advantage of the 
river transportation, he and others moved there and 
Northampton's only excitement was election day, 
Scholes ' first wife was a sister of James Dalrymple, and 
George Scholes, of Marshall County was their son. The 
son went to the Mexican war and on his return mar- 
ried Lola, daughter of Stephen Wilmot. She was work- 
ing at my father's when married to him. 

Scholes' second wife was the widow of Jared Still- 
man from near Mt. Hawley. Her daughter married Dr. 
William H. Wilmot. The rest of the family are well 
known to Chillieothe citizens, as they were a prominent 
family in its past history. 

The village store was a large factor in the life of 
the early settler. Many people ran accounts and settled 


every six months, when the merchant went to St. Louis 
to buy goods and settle his accounts. He paid also 
every six months, that being the regular length of com- 
mercial credit. In those days a man's commercial hon- 
or was two-thirds of his capital, and his customers had 
to have a good name to secure accommodation. Hones- 
ty was more universal among the masses, in general 
dealing, than today. 

The doctors of early days used to ride thirty and 
forty miles a day. In a sickly season, bilious fever and 
ague were the main complaints, and quinine, calomel 
and castor oil were the doctor's mainstay. If he went 
on horseback the old time leather saddlebags were car- 
ried behind the saddle. If he drove a "Gig" they were 
deposited under the seat. 

Dr. Hook was one of the first, and settled at Rome 
in the early thirties, remaining until about 1845. 

Dr. Asahel Wilmot came from Broome County, 
N. Y., and settled on Blue Ridge in 1843 ; moved to 
Northampton in 1847 and to Chillicothe in 1852, where 
he died aged 83 years. He was probably the best 
known of any of the early physicians of that vicinity, 
and rode the largest circuit. He with Nathaniel Smith 
and Ebenezer Stowell and their wives, were the Char- 
ter members of a Congregational Church, organized by 
Owen Lovejoy at Blue Ridge in 1845. 

Dr. Castle was here for a time, but moved to "Wyom- 
ing, 111., where he lived and died. Dr. Joshua 0. Tom- 
linson came to Chillicothe in 1840 and lived and died 
there. Dr. Jos. F. Thomas who came in 1852 had one 
of the largest practices of any physician in that section, 
for ten years before he enlisted in the Army. 

These were among the earliest practitioners, and 
their books would probably show a large list of "char- 
ity" patients, as they went in those days and gave their 
service regardless of ability of the patient to pay his 
bill. Dr. J. F. Thomas when he went into the Army, 
had a "Free List," or account uncollectable of nearly 
$4,000; the other doctors probably in the same propor- 
tion. The old time Doctor did his duty as he saw it, 


and deserves a monument to his memory for kindness 
and charity in the alleviation of the ills of suffering 

A sturdy and eccentric character was found in Cap- 
tain Thomas Baldwin, who owned a farm North of 
Northampton. He came from Pennsylvania to Illinois 
in 1844. He was a Kiver man from early life. He was 
a '49er, and was chosen by Commodore Vanderbilt to 
superintend a line of boats to Greytown, Central Ameri- 
ca, with a salary of $10,000 a year in gold. The Cali- 
fornia excitement made that trade very valuable. 
Baldwin's vessel was once tied up at Greytown. The 
inhabitants of that country were "niggers," and Bald- 
win did not appreciate them or their Government, and 
when a native insulted one of his crew, he immediately 
"caressed him with a club" or a stick of cordwood, 
sending him into "the drink," and close to "Kingdom 

He was seized by the officials and thrown into pris- 
on, where he would have suffered severely, if an old 
Pennsylvania neighbor named Holland had not heard 
of it. Holland was commander of a U. S. man of 
war, and going to the officials, told them to "release 
Baldwin or he would blow their old town into smither- 
eens in thirty minutes." Baldwin was released and 
boarded his vessel, losing no time in getting under way 
for New York, where he reported that his health was 
not very good in the Latitude of Central America, and 
resigned. He had only served ten months, but Vander- 
bilt paid him his full year's salary. Captain Holland, 
the friend, who saved him, was afterwards commander 
of a Confederate vessel during the Civil War. 

William J. Baldwin, who married Jennie Scholes 
and was a member of Co. C, 86th Illinois, was his 
son. The Captain during the war commanded the gun- 
boat Romeo, of the Mississippi fleet. He died in Peoria 
in 1879. 

Another prominent early settler was Thomas Moon- 
ey, who came in 1835, and settled on the old Mooney 
homestead, on which the Catholic church and Cemetery 


is located, in Medina Township. The La Salle Post 
Office was discontinued in 1835-6, and Helena Post 
Office was kept by Alooney until Mossville and Chilli- 
cothe caused it to be off the regular route. His wife was 
Helena Stagg, and he had the office named for her. He 
raised a large family who were prominent citizens in the 
last generation, leaving many descendants. He was 
blind the last years of his life, but tenderly cared for by 
his daughter, Mrs. Henry Mallen. He never complained 
but said to a neighbor, "My lines are cast in very 
pleasant places." He lived to a grand old age and 
the respect in which he was held was shown by an at- 
tendance of over five hundred people at his funeral. 
Such men live many years after they leave this earthly 

John Moffat and eight brothers came in 1834; Jos- 
iah Moffat settled in Stark County and was a prominent 
citizen in an early day. John Moffat and his family 
history is too well known around Chillicothe to need 

John Hammet came in 1830 and settled on section 
nine. North of Chillicothe. One of the first weddings 
in this community was celebrated at his home. Hirom 
Curry was to have performed the ceremony, but did not 
arrive until late. Rev. Gershom Silliman was passing 
by and was called in to officiate, and when Curry ar- 
rived from near Mossville, the wedding was over and 
the cake cut. 

William Easton and his brother-in-law, William 
Lake, came to Wyoming in 1836 and to Hallock Town- 
ship in 1837. His wife died and he then married Sarah 
Hicks, his third wife being Belle Jones. He has one 
son living in Creston, Iowa, J. I. Easton. Two sons 
died, one in the army and the other from the effects 
of army life. Easton was a carpenter and farmer. 
In the early days he worked many a night making 
coffins, keeping a supply of w^alnut lumber on 
hand for that purpose. He and Ebenezer Stowell 
made all the coffins for a long distance around them. 
Easton also attended all the funerals and led the sing- 


ing, in which all the assembly joined, no quartette as 
nowadays. He was a Justice of the Peace for many 
years ; spent the last years of his life in Chillicothe. He 
gave $3,000 to the endowment fund of Lombard College 
at Galesburg, where his sons attended school. He was 
one of the best citizens I ever knew. 

James Love and his brothers came from Parke 
County, Indiana, in 1824. Daniel Prince, of Princeville, 
had come from the same place about seven months be- 
fore, and was one of the Love's nearest neighbors 
for the first few years here. James Love married a Wil- 
kinson. He was the sexton of La Salle Cemetery almost 
up to the time of his death. All of his family are gone 
from this vicinity, or are dead. His brother George 
died in 1831 and was among the first buried in La Salle 
Cemetery. Elias Love, another brother, was a soldier 
in the Black Hawk War, and a few years after that 
moved to low^a. They were a prominent family among 
the first settlers. 

Another noted citizen buried in La Salle Cemetery 
is John J. Patterson, bom at Lenox, Mass., May 5, 
1787, died August, 1842. He was a son of Gen. John 
Patterson, Aide of Gen. Washington. He was a mem- 
ber of the New York Legislature, and also sheriff of 
Monroe County, N. Y. He was the father of Mrs. G. 
M, Woodbury whose husband was a partner of Peter 
Sweat in a general store in Peoria. He was also owner 
of a Mill in Kickapoo Township. Later he moved to 
Marshalltown, Iowa, and died there several years ago; 
his wife was related to the Hyde family through the 

John Eno is also buried there, died in 1839. He was 
grandfather of the Bristol's of Medina Township. His 
ancestors were from Connecticut and several of the 
Eno's I find upon the Revolutionary Records of Con- 
necticut and records of his family from the town of 

One of the oldest stores in Chillicothe was kept 
by David W. Heath. I find where my father gave an 


order for goods on that store iu 1844. Phillip Mat- 
thews and Jolin Batchelder bought him out. 

The first warehouses were built along the river 
bank. The farmers hauled their grain in sacks and car- 
ried it into the warehouse, where it was weighed on a 
scale that had a capacity of about 1500 pounds. It had 
a board platform on it and the sacks were weighed and 
emptied in a pile, from which the grain Avas sacked 
and carried on to the boat, the gunnysacks being sewed 
up. The first grain ever sold for cash and shipped was 
bought and shipped by Isaac Underhill from Kome. 

The early buyers at Chillicothe were 0. W. Young, 
Robinson, Root and Reed, a firm composed of Erastus 
C. Root, Henry Robinson and Cyrus Reed; and later 
Truitt, Hosmer and others. Trade came from Wyom- 
ing and South of Princeville until the Rock Island 
railroad was built through Wyoming and Princeville, 
which narrowed their territory and hurt the formerly 
large trade of Chillicothe. Often 150 teams were wait- 
ing to unload at the various warehouses, and today 
instead of hauling twenty-five miles a farmer growls 
if he has to haul five miles to a station. 

In 1845 the Hakes families came to Hallock Town- 
ship. There were seven or eight brothers when they all 
arrived, all of whom are now dead but one brother iu 
Kansas and a sister, Mrs. Maxon Austin, of Chenoa, III. 
Their paternal grandfather served in the war of 1812 
and was frozen to death on his post as sentinel. 

Daniel Hakes was probably the best known of any 
of the family, as he was a prominent Sunday School 
worker. "Uncle Daniel's" annual Sunday School Pic- 
nics for thirty years were attended by citizens from far 
and near, provision being made for all who came, and 
none going away hungry. They ceased only when the 
weight of years made it impossible for him to superin- 
tend them. 

In 1836 Roswell and Isaiah Nurse and Ebenezer 
Stowell came from near Binghamton, N. Y., to Peoria 
County, most of the distance on foot. Isaiah Nurse 
brought his rifle with him, and they took turns in 


carrying it. When near Danville, 111., in crossing a 
slough, they saw something moving in the tall grass, 
and soon several large wolves appeared in an open 
space, headed by a monster black one. Stowell slipped 
along until within range and dropped the black one. 
The rest halted, but he did not have the ammunition, 
and before he could get it the rest of the pack disap- 
peared. Stopping that night at the cabin of a settler 
they related the incident. The landlord was so elated 
over it that he kept them for nothing, as this pack 
of wolves had done much damage to young stock all 
over the country and they had been unable to trap 

I own that rifle now, my father having bought it of 
Mr. Lamoree, the father of Ezra Lamoree, who was a 
gunsmith and had traded a larger one for it. This man 
Lamoree lived about eighty rods north of the Ferguson 
school house in the fifties with his son Ezra. At an 
election I think in 1856, at the Ferguson school house, 
some one asked Ezra if his father was coming to vote. 
He said, "father can not ride, only sit in a chair, but 
he said this morning he would like to cast one more 
vote for a President before he died." Some one sug- 
gested that we young fellows go up and carry him to 
the polls in his chair. About a dozen of us, among whom 
were the Shane, Weidman, Ramey and Ferguson boys 
and myself, went after him, and brought him in his 
chair and set him down by the polls. Joseph Gallup 
said, "Let all uncover while the old Patriarch casts his 
last vote," and every man and boy raised his hat. It 
was the most pathetic scene that I ever witnessed on 
a public occasion. He sat until tired of visiting, and 
we carried him home after his saying, "My friends, 
goodbye, this is my last vote." Although all of us 
were not voters, we felt that we had done our duty and 
served our country well. 

Another prominent man was Robert Will, who came 
with his parents from Pennsylvania in 1837. He mar- 
ried a daughter of Lyman Robinson. He taught school 
in the Hyde district in 1847. He was a Justice of the 


Peace for twenty years, was also County Surveyor. He 
was a fine penman and in tliose days liis services were 
often sought. He was a farmer but did a large busi- 
ness for years as a stone mason. 

John Ferguson came on horseback from Binghamp- 
ton, N. Y. in 1836 and moved here in 1837. On his 
trip on horseback he carried a pair of brass candle- 
sticks in his saddle bags for a wedding present to my 
mother, who was a sister of his wife. They are still 
in the family. 

He, Isaac Weidman and David Shane were among 
the first settlers on the prairie South of Edelstein, 
They were the leaders in the organization and build- 
ing of Mount Hedding church. The name was sug- 
gested by Ferguson who was a relative of Bishop Hed- 
ding, and wanted it named for him. 

William Robinson of Mossville came to Illinois in 
1826, went back to Pennsylvania and returned 1833. 
He married Catherine Weidman. The Neals were also 
here in an early day. 

Charles Stone came from Pfttsfield, Mass. in 1845, 
and settled on the old Stone homestead north of LaAvn 
Ridge Corners. He named it "Long Ridge" and it was 
known by that name until they applied for a Post Oflfice 
at the corners. When the appointment came it was 
spelled "Lawn Ridge" much to the disgust of the citi- 
zens, but it had to remain so named. 

Stone brought on a large flock of sheep, which he 
kept at his farm in the summer, and at Elijah Hyde's 
place several winters as the timber was a fine shelter, 
and the bare prairies of that day were subject to gen- 
uine western blizzards, now and then. He sent his wool 
and that of many of his neighbors East for a time and 
then to Ottawa. 111., where a mill was started. He 
brought back cloth and sold to those who Avanted, most- 
ly satinet and jeans. 

In 1850 that whole country began to settle up, and 
in a few years every road was at right angles, instead 
of a straight line across the prairie. The "Under 
ground Railroad" was running in this country long 


before the iron rails were laid. For a few years before 
the war it did a rushing business, notwithstanding it 
was a criminal offense to harbor or help a runaway 

There were many people who considered the break- 
ing of this law more righteous than obeying it. A line 
ran from Peoria to Chicago, with depots at the homes 
of Jonathan Rice, Samuel Seelye, Deacon Nathaniel 
Smith and on to Boyds Grove, Princeton and Chicago. 
There was also a line up the Galena road through 
Northampton, and connected at the Grove, but it did 
not do much business. Many a colored person was 
carried up this line, in the daytime under straw or 
cornfodder, and at night in a closed carriage. And 
some of the men are alive today that drove over that 

Hospitality was universal among the early resi- 
dents. The log cabin sheltered all who applied for 
food or lodging. 

I have listened to many of the adventures of those 
days around the old fire place in the log cabin where I 
spent my early days. They have a fascination for me 
still, and to a certain extent it is inherited by the de- 
scendants of the old settlers. I have written these 
rambling lines hoping to interest a few of those who 
bear the names not unfamiliar to them in this article. 
The dates are historically correct, and can be used in 
future history as absolutely correct. If I have given an 
hour of pleasure, or an item of much desired informa- 
tion to any one, I am well repaid for the hours spent in 
preparing this paper. 


"They do me wrong who say I come no more 
When once I knock and fail to find you in ; 
For every day I stand outside your door, 
And bid you wake, and rise to fight and win." 

—Walter Malone. 


By Elijah H. Ferguson. 

(From a letter published in Peoria Star, 1908). 

Times were very bad when we arrived in Illinois. 
No money in the state ; no sale for grain except to trav- 
elers or emigrants. Groceries, boots and shoes had to 
be paid for with cash. Pork was all the farmers had 
that would sell for money. Fisher & Chapin bought 
hogs at Lacon, always paying for them with North 
Bank of Boston bills. The money was new, stamped 
F. & C. — Fisher & Chapin. It paid taxes in Peoria, 
Marshall and AVoodford Counties. It Avas currently 
reported that Fisher paid 60 cents on the dollar for the 
money in gold, and had to redeem every dollar in gold 
that came back to the bank in Boston. That was good 
financiering for both parties, and a fair sample of early 
day business. Fisher always had a New Orleans boat 
come up every spring during the high water to take his 
pork to New Orleans. 

One spring about IS'IS, or possibly a year or two 
later, David Heath, a merchant of Chillicothe sent 100 
sacks of corn to St. Louis, and sold it for money, get- 
ting about 15 cents per bushel. Immediately on getting 
returns from the shipments, he sent word all around 
that he would take grain in payment for boots, shoes, 
groceries and debts. That was the first shipment of 
grain that I ever heard of. 

A little later that same year Isaac Underbill of Peo- 
ria had Captain Moss of Peoria come up and take a 
load of his rent corn to St. Louis, and he got cash for 
it. After harvest he sent up word to the farmers of 
La Salle Prairie that he would have a boat at Rome at 
a certain date if they wished to sell their corn. They 
all got busy quick, as that was the first chance they 
had to sell it for cash. There were two boats loaded 
with corn that fall at Rome. Always after that there 
was a market for grain at some price for money. 


My father made three trips to Chicago with wheat. 
On one of these trips the load brought 40 cents per 
bushel. He brought back shoes, tea and a dollar's 
worth of coffee and sugar, which mother made to last 
until the middle of the summer. I think this was in 
1841. The dry year, the year of the big prairie fire, 
the mill at Senachwine dried up and no flour could 
be obtained. My mother grated corn on a tin pan 
punched full of holes for a grater, to make corn bread 
and cakes for about two weeks, until we could get a 
grist ground at Crow Creek mill, east of Chillicothe, 
about where the Santa Fe railroad is now. 

Two of my mother's brothers, Elijah and Norman 
Hyde, came to Peoria about 1823 or 1824. Norman was 
county surveyor, postmaster and county judge when 
Chicago was in Peoria County. I have his text book 
and surveying instruments in my possession now. 


Too true! Life's shores are shifting 

Every year, 
And we are sea-ward drifting 

Every year. 
Old places changing fret us ; 
The living more forget us ; 
There are fewer to regret us, 

Every year. 

But the truer life draws nigher 

Every year, 
And its morning star climbs higher 

Every year. 
Earth's hold on us grows slighter, 
And the heavy burdens lighter, 
And the dawn immortal brighter, 

Every year, 

—Albert Pike. 



Setting Forth An Account of Their Early Organization, 

Their Subsequent Growth and Progress and 

Their Interesting Adventures. 

By AVm. H. Wisenburg. S. S. Slane and Addison A. 
Dart. Reprinted from "Princeville Tele- 
phone" of January 30, 1902. 

Far back in the history of Princeville there was 
organized a society which has proven to be one of the 
most useful organizations that has ever blessed a town 
or community. That society is the Thief Detective 
and Mutual Aid Association. It has been and is, to its 
members and the community at large, an invaluable 
means of protection from theft, and it has proven a 
thorn in the flesh and a menace to all miscreants 
who dare to despoil the property of others. As its name 
implies it has for its purpose the recovery of stolen 
property and the detection and capture of the thief. 
A brief review of the history of the organization shows 
how well it has served its purpose and how truly it 
merits its name. 

Necessity is not only the mother of invention ; she 
has other children, and the T. D. and M. A. A. is one 
of them. It was to meet a keenly felt want that the 
organization was called into existence. In 1S61. the 
year that the civil war broke aut, there came to be a 
great demand for horses and mules for government 
service. Throughout the country they were bought up 
by the hundreds to supply this demand, and a ready 
market was found at various points where government 
buyers paid a good price and asked no questions. This 
condition of things made it easily possible to market 
horses taken clandestinely, and soon the country became 
infested with gangs of horse thieves who worked 
cooperatively and systematically until their illicit 
practice had grown into a lucrative business. Every- 


where horses were stolen and made away with, and the 
confusion attending the numerous sales and shipments 
at that time, together with the assistance of parties 
interested in the theft, made it easy for the culprit 
to market his ill-gotten possessions and escape without 

The vicinity of Princeville was unmolested until 
along in 1863. During the summer of '62 a well dressed 
and apparently well behaved stranger made his appear- 
ance in the town and established a shipping point here 
for horses with headquarters at what is now A. C. 
Washburn's barn. The enterprise was remarkably suc- 
cessful from the start. Horses came in from all direc- 
tions, and very frequently strange men came from a 
great distance with horses to be sent from here to 
points in the South. This unusual activity of the horse 
market at this place and a knowledge of the preva- 
lence of horse stealing at other places, finally caused 
some of the leading citizens of the tovm to regard 
with suspicion the strange horse buyer and his busi- 
ness. Their suspicion once aroused, further evidence 
served to strengthen their belief that the stranger 
and his confederates were nothing less than a gang of 
horse thieves. Strange men would come to town in 
the night time, stay a few days and disappear as 
mysteriously as they had come ; trunks passing through 
Princeville on the old stage line running between Gal- 
va and Peoria would mysteriously disappear; horses 
were brought in and sent out at night ; and finally news 
of an occasional stolen horse near here confirmed the 
opinion that they had surmised the truth. It was 
high time that something be done by the citizens in the 
way of protection to their property. 

Moved by the spirit of mutual dependence and be- 
lieving that in united action was the only efficient safe- 
guard against such an emergency, five of the prominent 
men of the town of that day quietly met together in 
August, '63, to consider some feasible way of band- 
ing themselves into an organization for mutual aid and 
protection. These men were William P. Smith, Solo- 


mon Bliss, Charles Beach, Vaughn AYilliams and S. S. 
Slane. From an account which they found in a Knox- 
ville paper, of an organization similar to what they 
wished to perfect, they got some desired information 
and drew up a constitution and by-laws. They then set 
to work to secure secretly more members, as they 
had not enough to fill all the offices called for by the 
constitution. These were soon secured, and a board of 
officers was immediately chosen. And thus the mutual 
aid and detective association, which we now know as 
the T. D. & M. A. A., had its beginning. 

The first man to serve as captain of the association 
was William P. Smith. He was one of the earliest 
settlers here and was acquainted with every topogra- 
phical feature of the country, having long made it his 
business to look for stray cattle and horses. He was 
a man of shrewdness, and of action, with a keen in- 
sight into human nature, and had been from the first 
an enthusiastic promoter of the organization, all of 
which well fitted him to direct the company's first 
movements. He was succeeded in office by Solomon 
Bliss, who served a number of years. Then followed 
in succession H. F. Irwin, John G. Corbett, Solomon 
Bliss, J. D. Hammer, and S. S. Slane, who is the present 

The company's attention was directed at first, of 
course, to the horse buyer and the movements of his 
men, and although they had worked quietly and secret- 
ly, it was soon evident that the horse buyer and his 
men were in turn directing their attention to the newly 
organized society, having apparently divined its pur- 
pose. The meetings at first were held weekly in the 
old stone school house, but later the company found 
out they were being watched and changed their place 
of meeting to the third floor of the building then 
standing on the present site of the town hall. Here 
the meetings had continued but a short time when one 
night during one of their regular sessions a stranger, 
who was recognized as an assistant of the horse buyer, 
entered the room and asked permission to join the 


society. Feigning absolute ignorance of the fact that 
the association regarded him or his friends suspicious- 
ly, he told the society that a certain party* had offered 
him a certain sum of money to steal a fine matched 
team of dun mares belonging to Miss Libby Beach, and 
that if they would admit him to membership he would 
divulge the name of the party and also furnish other 
information which would be of value to them. The 
members at once designed his purpose, yet neither 
party wished the other to know of their suspicion, and 
to reject the application and not disclose to the man 
the fact that he and his party were suspected by the 
company was a task of some delicacy. Captain Smith 
was equal to the occasion, however, and with charac- 
teristic shrewdness he informed the applicant that they 
were newly organized and must move with some trepid- 
ity in the matter of accepting new members, and that 
as he was to them a comparative stranger, they could 
not act upon his application without due time for 
consideration. He was baffled in the attempt to gain 
admittance to the society that he might familiarize him- 
self with their projects and their plans and thus keep 
his comrades informed as to their movements. 

Not long after this the horse traders suddenly pulled 
up stakes and betook themselves to fairer fields, taking 
their nefarious business with them. Obviously they 
were convinced by the society's action upon the appli- 
cation for membership that they were under suspicion, 
and, regarding the company as a serious obstacle in 
their way and one that must be reckoned with, they 
withdrew from this vicinity. For very fear of the com- 
pany they had left the country, and many dollars worth 
of property, no doubt was thereby saved to the owners. 
It was the company's first and signal victory. They 
had accomplished the purpose for which they were or- 
ganized, and with much less trouble than was antici- 

The organization was maintained. Its usefulness 
had been manifested. Similar contingencies in the fu- 
ture might necessitate the company's service, so steps 


were taken to further perfect the society. In 1867 they 
obtained a charter from the state. They altered their 
constitution and by-laws to conform to the new charter 
and found themselves a strong society, well officered 
and equipped with powers, and established upon a well 
organized basis. From that time the company grew 
in numerical strength until they now number over 
seventy members, who represent the best blood and 
sinew among the men engaged in the farming and 
business interests of the community. They at first 
insured all property against theft, but found after ex- 
perience that it was not good policy to insure more 
than horses and mules, and so restricted insurance to 
these, binding themselves, however, to search for any- 
thing of value which the members might lose. In case 
a stolen horse or mule cannot be recovered the company 
indemnifies the owner with a reasonable valuation of 
the animal. The company have never yet, however, 
be it said to their credit, had a case of stolen property 
of any considerable value that they have not been 
able to recover. 

The society has been called out for service on 
numerous occasions, sometimes for minor thefts 
and sometimes for graver oflPenses, and in several 
instances not a little excitement has attended their 
escapades. The first time they were called out to 
look for a stolen horse Avas in 1866. The horse was 
stolen from Albert Hoag, who, as a member of the 
organization notified the company. They acted with 
promptness and the thief soon discovered that the 
swift wings of justice had overtaken him before he 
had got far on his way. Capt. Bliss and Wm. P. Smith 
located the man at Wyanette and within a few hours 
the horse was restored to its owner and the thief 
turned over to the officers of the law. The thief proved 
to be a young man by the name of Tom Evans, who 
had come here supposedly as a "bounty jumper" from 
the army and had been Avorking some time in this com- 
munity. He served three years in the penitentiary 
for the theft. 


Soon after they had recovered Mr. Hoag's property 
the society was again called out to search for another 
stolen horse. Vaughn Williams was this time the vic- 
tim of the theft. A certain party, well known to the 
members, was suspected and by the next morning Capt. 
Bliss and some of the members had found a clew and 
were in pursuit. They traced their man as far north 
as Wyoming and when they had proceeded a little far- 
ther on they found the horse in the road. Evidently 
they had gotten too close to the fugitive for his com^ 
fort and he had taken to the woods, leaving the prey 
to his pursuers. They had secured the horse, but they 
never got any further trace of the thief. 

The "McCoy Raid," which occurred in February 
of '67, furnished the company with an excellent op- 
portunity to exercise their ingenuity and show their 
mettle. Revival services were being held that winter 
at the old M. E. Church which stood on the present 
site of Mrs. Martha Adams' home. One night during 
a meeting three horses were stolen from the hitching 
rack back of the church, and great was the excite- 
ment when the fact was discovered. Two of the horses 
belonged to members of the T. D. and M. A. A. and the 
society lost no time in making preparations to restore 
the property and bring the thief to .justice. Suspicion 
at once fell upon a man by the name of McCoy, who 
was well known in the community. He was a shrewd 
man and desperate character, and it was agreed by all 
that his capture and retention would necessarily entail 
some trouble and perhaps some danger. The first clew 
obtained was a pistol, which was found in the public 
square and which was supposed to have fallen from 
his pocket in his haste to escape. Tracks were also 
found which indicated that he had gone north. He was 
tracked to Wyoming and from there west; but soon 
every trace was lost, and, after a vain search for some 
time, the chase was abandoned temporarily. Corre- 
spondence was kept up, meanwhile, with the authori- 
ties at different points, and the vigilant eyes of the offi- 
cers of the society were ever on guard for a clew that 


might lead to the discovery of the fugitive. Knowledge 
of his whereabouts came at last through an acquaint- 
ance of McCoy, the man with whom he had stayed 
while in this vicinity. It was learned from him that 
McCoy had lately stopped at his house as he was 
making his way through the timber west of Princeville 
to the southern part of the county, and that he was 
engaged in cutting railroad ties at Kingston. It was 
also learned that after crossing the Spoon River he had 
made his way to Andover, where he had disposed of 
one of the horses and then gone on to New Boston, 
where he placed the other two in a livery stable. All 
of the horses were eventually recovered and restored to 
their owmers. 

The task of making McCoy's arrest devolved upon 
John L. Blanchard and Hugh Roney, and they set out 
at once to perform that duty. Having arrived at Kings- 
ton, they bided their time until they had assured 
themselves that the man they wanted was there and 
were certain where he might be found. This done, they 
secured the service of a constable, and, at a late hour 
of the night, made their way to his lodging place and 
knocked at the door. They were admitted after some 
hesitancy, and, after they had made known their mis- 
sion, McCoy was called. That gentleman soon appeared 
at the foot of the stairway in stocking feet with boots 
in hand. He took in the situation at a glance, and 
with the agility of a cat, sprang at the nearest man and 
knocked him down. This precipitated a free-for-all 
fight, which, though short, demonstrated that I\IcCoy 
was a bad man and a hard one to handle. He was 
taken into custody and brought to Princeville for a 
preliminary hearing, and was held to appear- before 
the grand jury, which duly indicted him for grand 
larceny. He was placed in the old .jail at Peoria to 
await his final hearing. Not long after his committal 
to the jail, and while the company were still jubilant 
over his capture, word came that he had escaped. It 
was true. He had availed himself of the first favorable 
opportunity and knocked the turn-key down at an un- 


guarded moment, made good his escape and fled to 
California, and has never been heard of since. After 
his capture McCoy stated, in telling of his adventure 
with the horses subsequent to the theft, that astride 
one of the horses and leading the other two he swam 
Spoon river when it was bank full of water and floating 
ice. The incident shows something of the determina- 
tion of the man the company was dealing with and ex- 
plains the difficulty of this capture. The news of his 
escape was not relished by the company, but the fault 
was in nowise theirs, and as much credit is due them 
for their excellent work as if he had not escaped. 

The history of the company from the time of the 
McCoy raid till within a few years of the present time is 
marked by only minor affairs not worthy of mention. 
In the fall of 1889, however, the company was again 
called out and again evinced its usefulness and its 
summary way of doing things. About sixty dollars 
worth of clover seed was stolen from John Little and 
William Elliott, the former a member of the organiza- 
tion, and the society in a very short time had rightly 
placed the blame and were in hot pursuit of the guilty 
parties. A detachment of the members cautiously sur- 
rounded the house at night in which the accused men 
were supposed to be, and quietly waited for the moon 
to rise. When the light was sufficient to enable them 
to follow in case an attempt was made to escape, 
three of their number, Fred DeBord, John JMiller and 
A. M. Wilson approached the house, entered with some 
difficulty and went up stairs. There they found an 
empty bed which was yet warm, indicating that its 
occupants were in hiding. They descended to the cel- 
lar and there attired in short pajamas and crouching 
behind barrels they discovered the two suspects. The 
criminals were duly apprehended, tried and convicted 
and served their term in the penitentiary. The clover 
seed was found and restored to the owners, and the 
T. D. and M. A. A. were again justly proud of their 
good work. 


The last episode in the company's history occurred 
a little more than six years ago. The occasion fur- 
nished perhaps one of the hardest problems the society 
has ever been called up to solve. On the night of 
Tuesday, July 9, 1895, Edward Auten had four horses 
stolen from his pasture in the north part of town. Mr. 
Auten was not a member of the detective association 
and so carried on a search for four days without their 
aid. But it proved a fruitless search ; not a trace of the 
missing horses could be found. On the following Satur- 
day Mr. Auten laid the case before Captain, Slane and 
after some deliberation the company decided to make 
an effort to recover the property. It was then Satur- 
day evening and little could be done before Monday, 
which would make five days that the thieves had had 
to make off with their booty. They knew nothing of the 
direction or the distance the thieves had gone and had 
not the slightest clew that could help them to find out. 
The prospect was discouraging, to say the least. 
They began Monday morning, however, with their char- 
acteristic thoroughness and zeal. Descriptive cards were 
mailed to every city and railroad town between the 
Illinois and the Mississippi rivers, and a reward of .$50 
Avas offered for the capture and return of the horses. 
Tuesday morning word came that four horses answer- 
ing the description on the card had been stopped at 
Cuba, 111., about sixty miles west of here in Fulton 
County. Captain Slane, W. H. AYisenburg, then First 
Lieutenant, and Russell Chaplin, who was then em- 
ployed by Mr. Auten and could indentify the horses, 
were driven to that place at once by Albert Morrow. 
They reached Canton at dusk that evening, changed 
teams and drove on witliout delay toward Cuba, which 
was several miles farther west. When they were out 
of Canton a few miles, they met a number of men 
from Farming! on who had been to Cuba endeavoring 
to get the hoi*ses and claim the reward. They told 
Captain Slane and his party that they might as well 
turn around and go home for they would never be 
able to get the horses from the parties holding them. 


They stated that they had tried every argument and 
every means they could bring to bear on the case, but 
with no avail, and said that when they left, the Canton 
fellows, who were there on the same mission, were 
meeting with about the same success as they had had. 
But the four men going west were not to be thus 
easily thwarted in their purpose. They had come to 
get the horses, and it was their determination to re- 
turn with them at all hazards. They drove on and 
arrived at Cuba about ten o'clock that night. There 
they found the little town agog with excited citizens 
and miners lustily discussing the justice of the various 
claims to the reward. The citizens of the town and 
surrounding country were much perturbed over the 
demands of the parties from Canton and Farmington 
and they made it so unpleasant for them that both 
had left in disgust. This cleared the field for Captain 
Slane and his party and they presented their claims. 
They found that an elderly man named Irwin, who 
lived on a farm near Cuba, had been walking through 
his pasture in company with one or two of his family 
on the Sunday before and had seen the horses standing 
near a fence in a hollow behind a clump of trees. They 
approached them, and when they were near the horses, 
two men sprang up and ran oflE into the timber near by. 
They found the horses tied, and this and other evidence 
aroused their suspicion. That night they watched, but 
no one came near. They were convinced that the horses 
were stolen and sent one of their number to inform 
the marshall of Cuba, who came and took the horses 
and held them on suspicion. On Monday they had 
received one of the descriptive cards, and had sent 
word that the four horses found by Mr. Irwin answered 
the description. They had regarded everyone doubt- 
fully, who had come since that time and laid any claim 
to the horses, and had refused to give them up, think- 
ing the parties were after the reward which was right- 
fully their own. Therefore when the men from here 
pressed their claim to the horses, they were required to 
arswer a great many questions and to give a much ful- 


ler description of the animals. They were told that 
Mr. Chaplin had broken the colts to drive and that 
he could give them as full a description as they liked, 
which he proceeded to do. Captain Slane then asked 
if they might see the horses. They refused at first, 
but finally consented. They were taken through the 
stable back to the last stall, when they found the 
four horses tied in a tight box stall, securely held with 
heavy timbers and firmly spiked. AA^hen finally the way 
was cleared, Mr. Chaplin went in among the horses and 
spoke to them. He was at once greeted with a whinney 
of recognition. That was enough. No further evidence 
was needed to convince them that these men were the 
rightful owners. But this was not the end of the 
trouble. The reward was to be paid to someone. Mr. 
Irwin, the man who really found the horses, claimed 

the reward, and the marshall, "Jeff" T , who 

took charge of them, stoutly maintained that the re- 
ward should be his. To make matters worse the mar- 
shall had been imbibing pretty freely of "rock and 
rye," and was rather garrulously inclined and unrea- 
sonable in his demands. The rabble of miners, who 
had also tarried at the cup, had espoused "Jeff's" cause 
and began to vociferously demand the reward for him. 
The party from here had been warned before starting 
to act carefully, for they would be apt to find a tough 
crowd waiting for them. They began to feel that the 
warning was timely, that the crowd was indeed a tough 
one. It was apparent to those interested that no satis- 
factory argument would be made under such unfav- 
orable circumstances. They therefore repaired to the 
office of the livery barn, bolted the door against those 
disinterested and proceeded to settle the question of 
reward. The men outside crowded around the office 
window and made as much of a demonstration as was 
possible in the hope that their influence might favor the 
marshall. Cries of "Stay with 'em, Jeff, d — n 'em, 
stay with 'em," could be plainly heard. The marshall 
still complained that they had not enough evidence, 
that these men had a right to take the horses. He 


asked Capt. Slane to show his authority for taking 
them. The captain drew from his pocket an order 
for the horses signed by Mr. Auten, which he had 
thoughtfully taken along, and showed to him. This 
seemed to have a good effect on the marshall, as he 
was more considerate from that time. The Captain then 
asked him if he considered Mr. Irwin an honest man, a 
responsible man, a man that would do the fair thing. 
Tillman said he did. The Captain then turned to Mr. 
Irwin and asked him if he would deliver the horses to 
him in the road in front of the barn for the rcM^ard 
less the expense of returning the horses. He said he 
would. And he did, and received the reward and gave 
Capt. Slane a receipt for the same. And the party from 
Princeville started out about midnight on their home- 
ward journey of sixty miles, leaving Irwin, " Jetf " and 
the miners to settle their own disputes in their own 

The next day about 4 o'clock they arrived in Prince- 
ville after driving all that night and the next day 
through a heavy rain. That evening the horses were 
returned to Mr. Auten, who promptly paid all the com- 
pany's expenses and further expressed his apprecia- 
tion of their work by substantially remunerating them. 
The thieves were not found, but the recovery of the 
horses under such circumstances was regarded by the 
society as one of their most successful ventures. 

The recital of this event virtually brings the his- 
tory of the company up to the present time, as nothing 
worthy of special notice has occurred since then. At 
present the organization is in a most prosperous condi- 
tion. Financially and numerically it is strong, and it 
stands ready, as ever it has, to protect the interests of 
its members by bringing criminals to justice and re- 
straining, by the very fact of its existence, the hand 
of those who would enrich themselves at the expense of 
others. S. S. Slane is the only surviving one of the five 
men who organized the society. The five surviving 
charter members are S. S. Slane, J. T. Slane, Frank 
Beall, Tal Moody and E. Keller. The present officers of 


the society are : Captain, S. S. Slane ; First Lieutenant, 
John Miller; Second Lieutenant, A. B. DeBord; Third 
Lieutenant, Chas. Taylor; Fourth Lieutenant, M. V. 
Conklin; Secretary, Dr. T. E. Alyea; Banker, Joseph 
Friedman. Mr. Slane has filled the office of captain 
for the last fifteen years, a longer time than any other 
man has ever served. At their meeting in December 
he was re-elected for another year and was presented 
by the association with a gold headed cane as a token 
of their regard for him and their appreciation of 
his long and efficient service. Dr. Alyea has served 
for the past twelve years as secretary. He is also 
chief caterer for the Association, the delicious savor 
and the wholesomeness of his oyster stews having 
undoubtedly conduced materially to the harmony and 
good health that prevails among the members. The 
society has the distinction of being the only chartered 
organization of the kind in the state, and Princeville 
has the distinction and the good fortune to be the home 
of that society. 


"In Township Histories," a volume pertaining to local history 
and printed before the days of the O. S. U. P. V., a list of the 
Postmasters of Princeville inadvertently omitted the name of 
William H. Alter, who was commissioned on April 6, 1866 and 
served, as near as can be remembered now, one or two years. 

Also, a list of the early physicians inadvertently omitted the 
name of Dr. J. C. Charles, who was practicing in Princeville 
in Civil War times, and for several years thereafter. 



Introductory paragraph taken largely from History of 

Princeville Township, written by Edward 

Auten and Peter Auten 2nd, in 1902. 

When the war broke out, the ''Lucky Thirteen," 
who all came back, went from Princeville, and they 
with others joined the "Peoria Battery," Battery A. of 
the Second Illinois Artillery. In the fall of 1861 several 
more Princeville men joined the 47th Regiment of Illi- 
nois Volunteer Infantry, and a considerable number of 
others joined Col. Ingersoll's Regiment, the 11th Caval- 
ry. When the group of thirteen w^ere about to start 
to Peoria to enlist in the Peoria Battery, Rev. Ahab 
Keller of the Princeville Methodist Church made a very 
devout and fervent prayer that the entire thirteen 
might be spared to safely return, and sure enough all 
of them did, after three and four years of service. 

The distinctively Princeville company was started 
in August, 1862. On that date Congressman Ebon 
Clark Ingersoll (brother to Bob) came out from Peoria 
to hold a "war meeting." Julius S. Starr accompanied 
him in the hope of getting recruits for a Peoria com- 
pany, and recruit hunters were present also from Chilli- 
cothe and other places. The meeting was held in 
the old Methodist Episcopal Church, then on the corner 
southwest of the public square. The crowd was so 
large that the windows were taken out to enable men 
to hear on the outside. After the speaking the crowd 
gathered on the public square, when Clark Ingersoll 
got on a wagon and proposed a Princeville Company. 
John McGinnis began fifing, indicating that he was go- 
ing, and led a march around the "liberty pole." Others 
fell in, a few at a time, until there were fifty men 
marching around and around the "liberty pole." Then 
they paraded to Dr. Charles's office, got out a table in 
the center of the room, and signed the muster roll. 


Within forty-eight hours the roll was increased to 96 

This was Company K. of the Eighty-Sixth Regiment, 
Illinois Infantry. John F. French was elected Captain, 
James B. Peet, First Lieutenant and H. F. Irwin, Sec- 
ond Lieutenant. The company was soon ordered into 
camp at the Peoria Fair Grounds and saw, in all, twen- 
ty-one engagements, Chickamauga, Missionary Ridge 
and Kenesaw Mountain being among the number. The 
company was in "Sherman's March to the Sea." 
Somewhere near one-half the company still survive 
(1902), and those residing at Princeville are organized, 
with their comrades, in J. F. French Post, No. 153, G. 
A. R. On Decoration Day, 1900, John McGinnis dedi- 
cated in Princeville Cemetery, a monument "In Mem- 
ory of all Soldiers and Sailors who, on Land or Sea, 
periled Life for Liberty and Law — 1861-65." Prince- 
ville always honors her soldiers and Decoration Day 
sees the gathering of several townships in memory of 
the dead and in honor of the living. 

Below are lists of part of the young men from the 
territory of this Old Settlers' Union who enlisted 
in the first three groups named, the Peoria Battery, the 
47th Illinois Infantry and the 11th Cavalry. These 
lists are incomplete and it is true that numbers of 
other Princeville men enlisted in various other com- 
panies. There is also added the enrollment of Company 
K. of the 86th Illinois Infantry, believed to be com- 
plete but subject to correction ; and a list of the soldier 
dead in the Princeville cemeteries and Campbell ceme- 

The mossy marbles rest 
On the lips that he has prest 

In their bloom, 
And the names he loved to hear 
Have been carved for many a year 

On the tomb. 

— Oliver W. Holmes. 


J > 


Postmarked in a war envelope bearing the design of a 

smoking cannon, alongside the stars and stripes, 

labeled "Our Compromise." 

Louisville, Ky., Sept. 29th, 1862. 
Washington Mott — Dear Sir: — 

Having a few moments leisure time I thought I 
would write you a short letter. We are encamped in 
the upper part of this place, but do not expect to re- 
main here long. The soldiers here are as thick as the 
pigeons were around Princeville last spring, there being 
over two hundred thousand here. General Nelson, Com- 
mander of the army here, was killed this morning by 
Jeff C. Davis a prominent officer. I did not learn the 
particulars of the case further than this : Davis went 
to Nelson's room (it being at one of the principal hotels 
of this place) on business. Nelson ordered him out of 
his presence at the same time slapping him in the face, 
whereupon Davis instantly shot him, he dying in fif- 
teen minutes. This killing of men is no strange occur- 
rence here. I saw a dead soldier yesterday morning 
lying on the sidewalk. No one could tell who killed 
him and I think but few cared. He was stabbed in 
the breast. Several have been shot by the guards ; they 
get drunk and kick up a fuss whereupon they are 
dealt with accordingly. 

Buell's army, sixty or seventy thousand in number 
arrived here last Friday. They are hard looking cases, 
having been in the service about fourteen months. 
Some of our boys complain of the fare here. It is 
somewhat hard, we having nothing to eat excepting 
cast iron crackers, bacon and coffee, only what is given 
us and what w^e jayhawk. The people here are tne most 
charitable I ever saw. We eat with them frequently 
and they will not have pay for it. Then Wash when 
you hear abolitionists talking about the people of the 


SoiTth being poor, uncharitable and ignorant just refer 
them to Company K. of the eighty-sixth regiment for 
information worth knowing on this point. 

Some of the boys saw here yes- 
terday. He denied his name saying he was a brother 

of 's. They invited him to pull off his hat, 

telling him it was no use talking, whereupon 

caved. I saw George Earl and Oliver Bagley here. 
They are both soldiers. 

I hope you will excuse my poor writing, this being 
a hard place to write on account of noise and confusion 
and having to sit on the ground and write on our 
knees, and naturally a very poor scribe. I want you 
to write to me as soon as you receive this. Give me 
the news generally. I want to know how the corn is 
coming out and how making molasses goes. Direct 
your letter to J. Z. Slane, Company K., 86th Regiment 
Illinois Volunteers, Louisville, Ky. 

Your old friend, etc., 

(Signed) J. Z. SLANE. 

(Initialed by "N. N.," presumably a censor). 


John P. Aldrich Enos Frost 

John W. Auten Edwin Hoag 

Stephen E. Baldwin Letz Lair 

John W. Barnaby Noah Lair 

Wm. Best Wm. Lair 

Onias BHss James McGinnis 

Jos. G. Bloomer Hugh McVicker 

Wm. Bobier Calvin Morrow 

Henry Burgess Wm. Morrow 

J. F. Carman Roswell J. Nurse 

Haller Charles Oscar Osborn 

Sam Coburn Lewis G. Parker 

Wm. Coburn David T. Schriver 

James Dimon Albert H. Smith 

John Dimon Morris Smith 

Benj. Ellis Wm. F. Speers 

John W. French Henry Stowell 




Levi Adkinson 
Jos. Armentrout 
James Brassfield 
Jacob Dimon 
Jasper Dollison 
Patrick Drum 
James Drummond 
2ohn Drummond 
N. Sweat Ennis 
Samuel Gordon 
Thompson Gordon 
Wm. Gordon 
Absalom Gray 
Thos. Gray 
John Grove 
Gilbert Hall 
Geo. Hall 
John Harlan 
Joseph Harlan 
James P. Hervey 
Thomas Y. Hervev 

Robt. Houston 
Thos. Keady 
James Kingdon 
John Kingdon 
David Martin 
David Men dell 
Aaron C. Moffit 
Doling Moore 
Frank Rathburn 
Isaac P. Reed 
Elisha Rice 
Eli B. Rogers 
John Smith 
Chas. Stevens 
Jacob Sutherland 
George Wilkins 
Phineas R. Wilkinson 
Chas. Williams 
J. M. Yates 
Wm. W. Yates 


Elmer Alford 
Isaac W. Alford 
Wm. H. Alford 
Stephen A. Andrews 
Henry Bronson 
Wm. Coburn 
Wm. Hughes Cornwell 
Cornelius Dukes 
Wm. Dukes 
Geo. H. Horsley 
Victor Lambert 
James Calvin McMillen 
John H. Miller 

Thos. Montgomery 

Leonard Oertley 

Wm. N. Peet 

David Potts 

Thos. Purcell 

Conrad Emery Russell 

Elmer Russell 

Ebenezer E. Russell 

George Washington Russell 

John Sheelor 

Cyrus S. Smith 

Wm. Warhurst 



(Copied from Acljt.'s Report). 

John F. French 
Levi A. Ross 

First Lieutenants 

James B. Peet 
John Morrow 

Second Lieutenants 

Henry F. Irwin 
John McGinnis 

First Sergeant 
Peter H. Snyder 

John Morrow — Promoted 
John McGinnis — Promoted 
Alexander Buchanan 
Elijah Coburn 
John Carter 
John Z. Slane 
John J. Anderson 

John Carter — Promoted 
Edwin L. Smith 
Levi A. Ross — Promoted 
John Z. Slane — Promoted 
Ebenezer M. Armstrong 
Samuel Bohrer 
John J. Anderson — Promoted 
William H. Auten 

David Smith 
John E. White 

John Dukes 

Charles E. Alter 
Warren F. Anderson 
Henry A. Andrews 
Charles S. Aten 
George Auten 
Frank Beach 

Andrew J. Beckner 
Wm. H. Blanchard 
Charles A. Broch 
Green Burgess 
Henry Butler 
Sylvester Butler 
Patrick Byrnes 
Samuel C. Coburn 
George Cook 
John J. Cowley 
William Deal 
Henry Debord 
Jefferson Debord 
John Debord 
Nelson Debord 
Peter Dinsmore 
Hezekiah Foley 
Joseph Francis 
Albert Gladfelter 
Casper Gladfelter 
David Gladfelter 
Frederick Gladfelter 
George W. Hamilton 
George A. Hare 
Henry H. Hare 
Jefferson Hare 
Marmaduke Hare 
Joseph D. Harris 
Henry Hajrward 
William Hughes 
Andrew Keller 
Edmund Keller 
Emanuel Keller 
William H. Keller 
Andrew J. Lair 
Henry Little 
Benjamin Litts 
James A. Lynch 
Charles McGuire 
John McMillen 
James Miller 
Erastus Morrow 
Joseph J. Nace 
George B. Nail 
William T. Nail 
George W. Newman 



Joseph Parents 
William Pembleton 
William P. Pigg 
John T. Potts 
William Potts 
William W. Potts 
Philander C. Reed 
Simeon W. Rilea 
Hugh Roney 
Peter Roney 
William Rook 
James A. Russell 
James M. Russell 
John M. Sabin 
Madison E. Sanger 
Moses M. Sayles 

Thomas Sayles 
Andrew J. Scott 
Archibald Smith 
Isaac L. Smith 
John W. Smith 
Elijah B. Snedaker 
Noah Springer 
Erancis Timmons 
James S. Watson 
William R. White 
James E. White 
Charles Wiley 
William H. Wisenburg 
Harrison Young 
Jeremiah C. Ziler 


(Corrections and additions invited: also lists from 
other near-by cemeteries). 

Princeville Township Cemetery. 

Revolutionary War 
John Montgomery 
Phineas Bronson 

"Phineas Bronson was a native of Connecticut, born at Enfield, 
November 9, 1764; died in Peoria County, Illinois, October 24, 
1845, and is buried in Princeville Cemetery, where a tombstone 
inscribed, 'A Soldier of the American Revolution,' tells the story 
of service. 

John Montgomery was a private in the Virginia troops ; was 
born in 1764 and died in Peoria County, Illinois, January 26, 1845. 
and is buried in the Princeville Cemetery. 'A Soldier of the Rev- 
olution' is inscribed upon his tombstone." — Prepared by Mrs. 
Clara K. Wolf, Historian of Peoria Chapter D. A. R. : From 
Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society, Oct., 1913, p. 447.) 



War of 1812 
Abner Adams 
Asa Beall 
Zenas Bliss 
Samuel Coburn 
James Henry 
Joseph Nickeson 
Matthew Reed 
John Williams 

War of 1812 and Black Hawk 

Margoram Belford (Brelsford) 
(re-interred from Camp- 
bell Cemetery) 

Mexican War 
John A Heberling 
Wm. Peppard 

Civil War 

Chas. Alter 

Stephen A. Andrews 

G. W. Bay 

Christian Betts 

William Biederbeck (re- 
interred from Campbell 

Wm. Blanchard 

Thos. Blakewell 

Ezra Bliss 

William E. Bliss 

Wm. Blue 

John Bush 

Jos. J. Camp 

Wm. Coburn (buried else- 
where: cenotaph here) 

Samuel Coburn 

Hughes Cornwell 

Wm. Deal 

Nelson Debord 

Jasper Dollison 

Nathaniel Sweat Ennis 

J. H. Flaherty 

Hezekiah Foley 

S. H. Freeman 

John F. French 

Milo C. -Gillen 

Jonathan Goodman 

Wm. Gue 

John D. Hammer 

Henry Hammer 

John Heberling 

Henry F. Irwin 

A. J. Lair 

Wm. Lair 

P. K. McCready 

D. D. McDougal 

John McGinnis 

Erastus Morrow 

Henry Mushbaugh 

Henry Oertley 

Jos. Parents 

D. M. Potts 

J. A. Pratt 

O. S. Pratt 

Chas. Reese 

Samuel Reese 

J. M. Rogers 

Wm. Rowcliflf 

Ebenezer E. Russell 

James Russell 

John Sheelor 

Joseph Shull 

J. Z. Slane 

Albert H. Smith (buried else- 
where : cenotaph here) 

Cyrus Smith 

Isaac Smith 

John Smith 

Elijah B. Snedaker 

Chas. Stevens 

Edwin Stevens (buried else- 
where: cenotaph here) 

James T. Stevens (buried else- 
where: cenotaph here) 

Wm. Stewart 

Geo. Tarbox 

John Thacker 

John Wheeler 

Wm. H. Williams 

Wm. H. Wisenburg 
Harrison Young 

Spanish War 
Walter Ayers 


St. Mary's Cemetery. 

Civil War 
Frank Rotterman 

Campbell Cemetery. 

Civil War Thomas McConn 

David Campbell Martz 

Samuel Campbell Hugh Roney 
David Hart 



By Edward Auten, 1894 and Peter Aiiten, 1915. 
The First Academy. 

The idea of an Academy originated in the demand 
for such an institution about the year 1856, during 
which year, if I remember rightly, many of the Prince- 
ville young people, desiring better educational oppor- 
tunities than were afforded by the common school un- 
der charge of one instructor for all grades, went to 
Farmington to attend a school where the higher mathe- 
matics and classics were taught by a graduate of Knox 
College, IMilton S. Kimball, assisted by a New England 
lady, Miss Booth. (Extract of a letter from Mrs. Han- 
nah G. Hutchins, of Chicago, a daughter of the late Wm. 
C. Stevens, of Princeville, a gentleman of education, 
culture and public spirit, who was prominent in the 
inception and progress of the Academy). 

In the winter of '55 and '56 I taught at Farmington 
and numbered among my scholars there quite a number 
from Princeville whom I remember with much interest 
as among the brightest and most studious of my pupils. 
In the fall of 1856, owing I suppose to their kind 
partiality, as I had never been at Princeville up to 
that time, I was invited to take the school there for a 
session of twenty weeks, which I did. The school was 


in the Presbyterian church. I do not remember the at- 
tendance exactly, but the number was large and there 
was so much interest in it that some of the leading 
citizens of the town urged me to remain, and promised 
to have a building erected for the Princeville Academy. 
I was not able to do so, but heard afterwards with 
pleasure that the academy was built, teachers procured, 
and that it was quite prosperous. (Extract of a letter 
from Mr. Milton S. Kimball, now of Springfield, 111., 
the first principal of the Academy). 

The inception of the Princeville Academy arose 
from the felt need of such an institution at home. A 
number of the people in Princeville had been educated, 
and others who had not, saw the advantages of the 
added power and privileges that knowledge gave ; they - 
wished their children to gain what they themselves 
never had the opportunity to get. In addition the 
Stevens', the Morrow's, the Colburn's, the Cutter's, 
the Clussman's, the Bronson's, the Auten's and others 
had been sent hither and yon to get advantages that by 
combined effort they might have had at home. Also an 
idea got lodged in the minds of some that such an insti- 
tution would help the community and the place, and 
give advantages to many which they could never other- 
wise enjoy. Hon. Judge Onslow Peters, of Peoria, 
helped the general public opinion some in a speech as 
he told the people of the difference between "those who 
could not tell B from a bull's ear and those Avho had an 
education." Miss Selina Booth, now Mrs. S. B. Newell 
of Farmington, 111., a cultured christian woman of abil- 
ity and one of the chief women of the State, was an im- 
portant factor in the establishment of the first Prince- 
ville Academy, and after a conversation with some of 
those most interested, telling them she thought they 
might secure the services of Mr. Milton Kimball, a 
graduate of Knox College, steps were at once taken 
that engaged ^Ir. Kimball as principal and the Pres- 
byterian church for a school room. As time went on 
circumstances showed that the school should have a 
house of its own. (Extract of a letter from Lemuel 
Auten, of Monica, 111.) 


The question of a suitable building was soon agi- 
tated, meetings were called, parents were interested, 
and it was proposed to raise money by inducing the 
residents of the village and surrounding country to 
pledge taking shares of twenty-five dollars each. This 
was done — but the amount was raised but slowly. 
Those were days of small things and money was not 
plenty. Messrs. Wm. C. Stevens, Solomon S. Cornwell, 
Carlisle Aldrich and IMisses Martha and Laura Aldrich, 
and IMrs. Eleanor Morrow were among the foremost to 
work in the cause. Finally sufficient was secured to 
warrant erecting a modest two-story frame building 
on the south side of Main Street, a little east of the 
present public school square. The building was put 
up, as was the custom in that time and previously, as 
much as could be by individual donations of time, work 
and material. The rock for the foundation was quar- 
ried in White Oak grove. By the fall of 1857 the build- 
ing was ready for use. Mr. Leonard Andrews presided 
over the institution in its new home and taught for one 
year. Then followed with Rev. Jared M. Stone and 
wife as teachers, a period of great prosperity for the 
Academy. Assistants under Mr. Stone at different 
times were Nathan A. Means, Miss White, Miss Wright 
and Miss Burnham. The attendance grew to sixty or 
seventy and the people showed a great deal of en- 
thusiasm over their school. Each year an exhibition 
was given, in which the larger part of the pupils took 
part in songs, orations, essays, personifications, tab- 
leaux, colloquies or discussions. A program of the 
"Second Annual Exhibition" held on March seventh, 
1860, appended at the close of this article, shows that 
there was more real literary and musical and scholastic 
meat in one of these Exhibitions than in half a dozen of 
some school commencements in the twentieth century. 
All of those who attended the Academy were called 
"codfishes" by the young people who did not attend, 
and the Academy literary society was called "The Cod- 
fish Club." 


Gradually, however, the many young men who had 
gathered from the east and west, from Dunlap (then 
Prospect), Orange Prairie, Jubilee, Akron, Hallock and 
all the country west of Princeville, went into the army ; 
the village boys enlisted, and many girls were obliged 
to remain at home. The number of pupils was greatly 
lessened, and when Mr. Stone removed (about 1863) 
the prospects of the school were waning. Rev. William 
Cunningham was the next teacher, and he for a time 
revived interest in the Academy and awakened the 
ambition of some who were but lads when the older 
boys went to the war. ]\Ir. Cunningham ceased teach- 
ing in '66, and as an academic institution the building 
was never reopened. It was rented for a time before 
the erection of the present public school building for 
the use of the district school, and was finally sold. It 
nov/, 1894, forms the front part of the building on Can- 
ton Street occupied by Mr. M. V. Conklin as a general 
store. (Later sold and moved, and in 1915 constitutes 
part of a barn at home of L. S. Hofer). 

The war, no doubt, was the most potent influence 
in the decline of school prosperity. The older children 
were in the army or in business, married and scattered. 
The next generation of fathers and mothers did not 
seem to appreciate the advantages afforded by the 
home school, and did not support it with enthusiasm. 
However, the Academy did not exist in vain. In look- 
ing over an old programme of one of the annual exhibi- 
tions, we see the names of many who are now among 
the most useful of our citizens, and the fame of other 
pupils comes to us from afar. A few went from the 
Academy to college, and none, it can safely be said, who 
spent part of their school days in Princeville Academy, 
have counted those days lost. The following is part 
of a letter received from Mr. Thomas Keady, of Dunlap, 
111.: "I entered as a pupil soon after Prof. Stone took 
charge, went off to the war in 1861, and do not remem- 
ber to have entered the classic old building since, only 
one night to a Union League meeting presided over by 
Dr. Henry, when I was home on furlough after the 


fall of Vicksburg. * * * I am glad to know that 
you are about to revive 'Auld Lang Syne' through a 
historical sketch. I wonder what sort of a grizzled 
squad would rally to roll call if we had a reunion 
some autumn day." 

The Second Academy. 

Mrs. Hutehins, who was one of the pupils of the first 
Academy, writes as follows (1894) regarding the new 
Academy: "I have rejoiced greatly in the rehabilitat- 
ing of Princeville Academy and its recent prosperous 
career on an enlarged plan, and wished that my be- 
loved father might have foreseen this later success." 

As time went on several of Princeville 's citizens 
realized that their village was lacking in higher educa- 
tion, and believed that a school of the right kind would 
be the greatest blessing which could be provided for 
the large number of boys and girls in the community. 
In the summer of 1887, matters began to take definite 
form ; a number of those interested met together, talked 
over plans and the result was the signing of a paper 
pledging, in various sums, $1,000 for the maintenance 
of an academy one year. The signers of this paper con- 
stituted the board of management, and each subscriber 
was entitled to receive the amount of his subscription 
in tuition during the year. The paper cannot be found 
and the following list may be incomplete : 

Mrs. V. E. Aldrich, Peter Auten, J. H. Benjamin, 
Rev. C. M. Taylor, James Rice, Josiah Morrow, R. C. 
Henry, Lemuel Auten, Dr. R. F. Henry, Daniel Klinck, 
Ezra Adams, John Z. Slane, Mrs. Margaretta Henry 
and Edward Auten. 

Four-page folders were printed and the surrounding 
country was canvassed for students. Mr. James Stev- 
ens and Miss Emma L. Jenness were secured as teachers 
at the recommendation of Rev. Taylor, who knew 
them both to be instructors of ability. The old Seventh 
Day Adventist church, situated on the present site of 
Mrs. Adams' house, southwest of the park, was secured 
for a school house. This was repaired and improved. 


and one day early in September, 1887, about twenty- 
five young people assembled and enrolled as students in 
Princeville Academy. School progressed this year as 
well as could be expected. During the winter a small 
fire occurred, which necessitated the holding of school 
for a few days in the old village hall. The total en- 
rollment of students this year was thirty-one. 

In the second year numerous changes took place. 
The board of management was composed of but five : 
Josiah Morrow, Dr. R. F. Henry, Rev. C. M. Taylor, Ed- 
ward Auten and Lemuel Auten. Mr. C. F. Brusie suc- 
ceeded Mr. Stevens as principal, and the recently built 
addition to the Presbyterian church was secured for 
school rooms. This year the total enrollment was 

In 1889-90 the board of management consisted of 
the same five and Mesdames Margaretta Henry and 
Virginia E. Aldrich, and Misses Martha Aldrich, Elmira 
Jones and Augusta Yates in addition. There was no 
change in the faculty nor in the school rooms this 
year. For several months a Literary and Debating So- 
ciety was conducted with many good results. Twenty- 
three students were enrolled. 

Before the opening of the next year a new home 
had been prepared for the academy. The church build- 
ing then recently vacated by the Methodist Episcopal 
congregation had been purchased by one of the mem- 
bers of the board and been put in good order from foim- 
dation walls to spire, partitioned with a fine partition, 
furnished with the most approved modern school desks, 
real slate-stone blackboards, a good regulator clock and 
other requisite furniture, and supplied with a bell of 
the best material weighing over six hundred pounds, 
cast expressly for this place. The ringing of this bell 
occasioned the presenting of a petition to the village 
council in the following words: "Princeville, Illinois, 
February 16, 1891. — To the officers of the village council 
of the village of Princeville : We, the undersigned citi- 
zens of the village of Princeville, do hereby protest 
against the tolling of the academy bell, placed in the 


building owned by Edward Auten, and would request 
the stopping of the same. ' ' This petition was signed by 
one hundred and twenty-six of Princeville's citizens. 

The principal for this year was Mr. B. M. Southgate, 
and the board of management consisted of Miss Martha 
Aldrich, Mrs. V. E. Aldrich, Josiah Morrow, Lemuel 
Auten and Edward Auten. The attendance was more 
than double that of the preceding year, and in June 
the second academy graduted its first class : Lewis R. 
Aldrich, Andrew Auten, Anna R. Auten, Lydia C. Aut- 
en, Leroy Jones, Fred Moffit, Lewis Morrow and Winn 
Morrow. These were all students of the classical course 
and all received Academy diplomas. Five of them were 
admitted to Williams College, two to Oberlin College 
and one to Wellesley College, all on certificates from 
the academy. All finished college except Winn Mor- 
row, who died in August after graduation. Of those 
who had been in attendance, but had not graduated, 
some had gone away to school, some were teaching 
school, and some had begun business careers. The 
academy had already proven itself to be a valuable 
addition to the community. 

Beginning with the year 1891-92, the Board of Man- 
agement consisted only of Peter Auten, Lemuel Auten 
and Edward Auten, remaining the same through the 
remaining years of the Academy, up to June, 1900, — 
one of the privileges of the members of the Board of 
Management continuing to be the footing of the annual 

In the fall of 1891, Mr. E. B. Cushing began a two 
years' principalship. In the summer of '91 the board 
published a pamphlet with a complete catalogue of the 
school from the start, and with announcements for the 
coming year. A new feature was the addition of the 
Musical Department, which remained until June, 1899, 
under the direction of Miss Alice Peters. Thorough 
daily instruction in singing was free to all students, 
and individual lessons in voice culture, piano and organ 
were furnished. In the winter an advanced singing 
class, the Chorus, was held each Wednesday evening, 


partly for drill, but more especially for the practice 
of church and other music, and a class of small chil- 
dren, the Junior Chorus, was held each Saturday for 
elementary drill and practice. It is due largely to Miss 
Peters' work and influence in the school that many 
of Princeville's young people at the time took so much 
interest in singing. This year was the first in w^hicli 
scolarships and rhetorical prizes were offered. The en- 
rollment was ninety-three. Miss Jenness, the one in- 
structor who had been with the academy during its 
first five years now retired from service. 

Early in the summer of 1892, Miss Luella Gray 
was secured as art teacher, and lessons were given in 
the store building north of the Auten bank building. 
Enough patronage was not secured, however, to justify 
continuing this department after one year. The facul- 
ty for 1892-93 consisted of Mr. Gushing, Miss Peters, 
Miss Gray, Miss Mary Francis and Miss Georgie L. Kin- 
ney. The course this year was lengthened to four 
years and improved by the addition of modern lan- 
guages and many other studies. In June, '93, there was 
one graduate, Laura Auten, who entered Oberlin Col- 

For the year 1893-94 Mr. Gushing was succeeded as 
principal by Mr. H. W. Eckley. Although the year did 
not show so large an attendance as some before had 
done, it was not lacking in results. A monthly paper, 
the "Sol," was published by the students, and- this, to- 
gether wath the regular rhetorical work, helped materi- 
ally in developing literary ability. Physical culture 
also was conducted enthusiastically and made a very 
noticeable improvement in the carriage of the students' 
bodies. In June, '94, a class of nine w^as graduated: 
Lennie Yates, Lois Blanchard, Nellie Auten, Albert 
Moffit, Harry Houston, Lena Ferguson, IMartha Gordon, 
Deane Hopkins and Peter Auten. Of these nine, near- 
ly all went to college. 

During the year 1894-95, Mr. Thaddeus H. Rhodes 
was principal, with Miss Emma L. Rigdon as assistant, 
and Miss Peters in charge of the musical department 


as stated. An announcement of the Academy written 
that fall well outlined the policy of the school and pur- 
pose of the Board of Management in the following 
terms : 

"In the new catalogue a number of new features 
will be noticed : The classical course has been light- 
ened in the senior year, the scientific course has been 
changed so as to include book-keepng and commercial 
arithmetic, and with a view to preparing for teacher's 
first-grade certificate ; there will be systematic instruc- 
tion and drill in spelling, penmanship, class singing and 
physical culture; the Sol will be continued; a literary 
society will be organized in connection w^th the regular 
rhetorieals ; occasional high-class entertainments and 
one or more full courses of lectures will be provided 
during the year; the musical department will give three 
concerts, and there wull be two public rhetorical con- 
tests. The coming year bids fair to be a prosperous 
one for the academy. The Board of Management are 
more than ever determined that this school shall be one 
of the highest merit, ever worthy of its present reputa- 
tion for thorough and efficient work. Their aim shall 
be to continue intact the present strict discipline, with a 
faculty individually strong in governing power, of high 
scholarship and culture, and of unquestioned character, 
who shall be models to lead our youth to high aims, 
high attainments and most worthy character. Their 
desire is that this school shall be only for the good of 
this community and of all whom its influence may 
reach, and that it may harmonize in its work with all 
other institutions, organizations and efforts for the ad- 
vancement of knowledge and the building up of char- 
acter with which it may have to do by reason of its 
location or its influence. 

Cambridge and New Haven are proud of their Har- 
vard and Yale, Galesburg of her Knox College, Toulon 
of her Academy, and the people of Princeville ought 
to be proud of Princeville Academy; they ought to 
show their appreciation by keeping the school filled 
with pupils. It brings the first few years of a higher 


education to our doors, and is also designed to fit 
students for teaching and, in general, to aid them in 
their preparation for active, useful lives. It will bring 
to our village as residents families of culture and noble 
aspirations. It has brought and wall yet bring into our 
midst teachers whose refining and elevating influence 
is felt out of and far beyond the academy walls. ' ' 

The graduates in June, 1895 were two in number: 
Linus E. Aldrich and Carrie B. Chase. 

The faculty remained the same during 1895-96 with 
the addition of Miss Lydia C. Auten, teacher in the aca- 
demic department. The graduates in June, 1896 Avere 
six in number : Julia C. Auten, Stewart R. Campbell, 
Mary Dickinson, William J. Ferguson, Besse L. Her- 
riott, Mary C. Short. 

For the year 1896-97 Mr. Ernest "W. Cushing vras 
principal with Miss Lydia Auten and Miss Peters as 
before, and Miss Anna R. Auten on the faculty. There 
was one graduate in 1897, Miss S. E. Violet Stewart. 

The faculty remained the same during the year 
1897-98 with the substitution of Mr. Royal B. Cushing 
for his brother as principal. Graduates in June, 1898 
were eleven in number : Sarah R. Auten, George E. 
Dunlevy, Irma G. Evans, Harry D. Fast, Mervin A. 
Hoag, Earnest E. Lincoln, Walter J. Marsh, Grant 
Morrow, Duane J. Newell, Mary M. Stewart, Helen B. 

Mr. Royal B. Cushing continued as principal during 
the year 1898-99, wath Misses Lydia and Anna Auten 
and Miss Grace Chapin as assistants, and in June, 1899, 
Edward Auten, Jr., Esther H. Auten, Roy E. Jackson 
and James A. Shafer were graduated. 

In the year 1899-1900 Mr. James E. Armstrong was 
principal with Mrs. Lydia Auten Armstrong and Miss 
Grace Chapin continuing as assistants. The graduating 
class in 1900 consisted of Mignonne Phillips, Delia 
Lucas, Irene Keach and Clauson M. Wilmot. 

With the rise of the modern high school, the neces- 
sity for an academy did not seem so great to some of 
the parents and citizens, and the encouragement and 


appreciation was not sufficient for continuing the ses- 
sions of the academy any longer. It was hoped at 
first that the omission of school sessions might be only 
temporary, but they have not been resumed up to the 
present writing, 1915. The academy building in the 
meantime, has been used for primary school, and for 
high school temporarily while the present large new 
public school was building in 1907, and is at present 
used as warehouse. 

The progress made by the former students of the 
academy as they have entered into the world of life, 
has fully justified the maintenance of the academy dur- 
ing the years that it was kept up, and there are some 
even yet who believe that a private school of such 
a character has students who as a body, have more 
strength of purpose in their work than the average 
body of public high school scholars. In closing this 
history, we wish to pay a tribute to the mothers and 
wives who, jointly with their husbands on the Board 
of Management took a deep interest in the welfare of 
the academy. 

And if I should live to be 
The last leaf upon the tree 

In the Spring, 
Let them smile as I do now 
At the old forsaken bough 
Where I cling. 

— Oliver W. Holmes. 





MUSIC — "For the Right." 

Salutatory, Charles A. Cornwell. 

"Man'3 Destiny," John Auten. 

"New Kngland and the Union," Lemuel K. Andrews 

"The Seminole's Reply," Franklin C. Hitehcock. 

"Address to the Young," Leonard Riel. 

"Warren's Address," Oscar M. Osborn 

MUSIC — "Sword o£ Bunker Hill." 


Life of a Sailor Louisa E. Keady 

Friendship, Sarah C. Riel. 

Charity .' Augusta Yates. 

Decision of Character Amanda Yates. 

.Tohn Brown, of Harper's Ferry Judith Smith. 

Make Home Pleasant Mary Goodwin. 

Good Manners, Mary Jane Irwin. 

A Reverie Mary Calhoun. 

MUSIC — "Lords of Creation." 

"Our Country," Wm. W. Yates. 

"Washingtonii Vita," Augustus T. Stone. 

"Mt. Tabor," John H. McCurdy. 

"Adams and Jefferson," Wm. Yates. 

Oration, Moral Progress during last Centur.y, 

David Mendel. 

MUSIC — "Gipsy Countess." 

Oration — Progress of America Charles N. Hull. 


The Dress is not the Man Mary E. Baldwin. 

Where is thy Home? Caroline Wilson. 

When I was Young Martlia A. Keady. 

The Law of Nature, Eugenie Hull. 

A Poem, Mary Myers. 

Mexico Sarah Livingston. 

A Romance Matilda McCutchea. 

The Dead of '59 Mary H. B. Morrow. 


MUSIC — "Shiniiig Shore." 


„„^„_„ f Remembrances of N. Eag. Scenes. Elizaboth Sabin 
ii-ssays ^ Life's Golden Age Sarah Chase. 

''Incidents of Travel," Martin B. Robinson 

"Defense of England," Wm. H. Cornwell. 

"Ward's Oration" Henr,y A. Stowell. 

"Rollo's Address to the Peruvians," Onias W. Cummins. 

I Deserted Bride — Lilian Gray, 1 Matilda McCutchen. 

1 Bride's Maid — Flora Clinton, j Olivia Cutter. 

MUSIC. — "Never Court but One." 

Oration — Peace, Andrew Auten. 

Personification ^ '^^"'^'^ Margaret Campbell. 

feisonincation, ^ Melancholy, Mary E. Baldwin. 



"Dangers of the Siiirit of Conquest," Edwin Stevens. 

ii-ssays J Diamond in t: 

Philena Blanchard. 

the Dark Hannah G. Stevens. 


MUSIC — "Heather Bells." 

f Modesty Martha J. Hervey. 

Personification, Friendship W^^^^'^t Blanchard. 

I Patience, Hannah G. Stevens. 

L Truth Olivia Cutter. 

Oration — Acces.9ions to our National Territory, 

Levi A. Lapham. 



Essays ^ '"^ School Girl's Soliloquy Martha J. Hervey. 

■ " ' I Rural Happiness Olivia Cutter. 

MUSIC — "Fanner's Boys and Girls." 


I Teacher's Conven- | Solomon Bighead, Pres. — A. Auten. 
1 tion in Egypt, J Nehemiah Thumpkins, Sec'y — C. Alter. 
Valedictory, Lemuel Auten. 

MUSIC (Closings Song) — Farewell. 




By Rev. M. J. McKeon, 1915. 

Catholicity came to Princeville with the advent of 
the early Irish and German settlers. At that time there 
was no Catholic Church nearer than Kickapoo or 
Peoria. Realizing the difficulty of being compelled to 
go so far to be present at Mass on Sundays and Holy 
days of obligation, the parishioners concluded to pro- 
vide a church for themselves, and in the year 1866 
purchased the old Presbyterian Church which they 
removed to the site of the present handsome editice. 
In the following year, 1867, on September the seventh, 
the Rev. James Murphy was appointed first Rector of 
the Princevile parish. 

He was succeeded in 1868 by Rev. Max Albrecht, 
who remained until 1876. In 1869 owing to the in- 
crease in membership, it was found necessary to en- 
large the old frame building; and it was during the 
pastorate of Father Albrecht that the Cemetery was 
purchased in 1875, and laid out in lots. In the fol- 
lowing year, 1876, the old Parsonage was erected. 
Father Charles AYensierski succeeded Father Albrecht 
and in 1878 he in turn was succeeded by Very Rev, 
J. Canon Moynihan, who after a successful pastorate of 
three years was succeeded by Rev. F. Schreiber in 
1881. Father Schreiber watched over the welfare of 
the parish until the arrival of Father P. A. McGair, 
in the spring of 1884. 

During the pastorate of Father ]\IcGair, the parish 
again having outgrown the limits of the old frame 
church, the building of a new church was agitated. 
In 1889 both pastor and people, working together in 
harmony and with much zeal, soon obtained sufficient 
funds to enable them to lay the foundation, and in the 
summer of 1890 the new church was completed and 
dedicated. The stained glass windows were donated 

"St. Mary of the Woods,' 

Photo hii W 


by: Mr. and Mrs, John Kneipp, Mr. and Mrs. Michael 
Noonen, Mr. and Mrs. Charles German, Mr. and Mrs. 
Val. Weber, Mr. and Mrs. John McCarty, Mr. and 
Mrs. Redm'ond McDonna, Mr. and Mrs. Peter 'Con- 
ner, Rev. P. A. McGair, Altar Society, Mr. and Mrs. 
Mathew McDonnell, Mr. and Mrs. James Harmon. Mrs. 
Burns in memory of Samuel Bums, Mr. and Mrs. 
Basilius German, Mr. and Mrs. James McDermott, Mr. 
and Mrs. Joseph German, Edmund Purcell and family. 
As the cut in this issue shows, "St. ]\Iary of the Woods" 
is a beautiful and substantial brick building of the 
Gothic style of architecture, a monument to the zeal, 
faith and generosity of its members and an ornament 
to the village of Princeville. 

In July, 1881, Father McGair was succeeded by Rev. 
C. A. Hausser, who remained pastor of the parish until 
1901. During the term of this pastorate almost all 
the debt on the church was paid and the bell erected 
in the tower. 

The Rev. C. P. O'Neill succeeded Father Hausser 
in 1901, and during his administration the present 
Rectory was built in 1902. The interior of the Church 
was further improved and ornamented by the addi- 
tion of new seats, stations of the cross and the main 
altar. The main altar was erected principally through 
the generosity of Basilius German and John McCarty. 
The statue of St. Patrick was donated by Mrs. Michael 
McDonna; the statue of St. Boniface by "A Friend"; 
the Last Supper by Philip Henseler; and that of the 
Sacred Heart by the Duffy family. 

In 1910 the new Chapel was added on and dedi- 
cated. The altar is the gift of Adam Rotterman, and 
the stained glass windows were donated in memory 
of Rose Helen McCarty, James Aylward, Ella McDer- 
mott Hammer, Elizabeth Aylward and John Morrissey. 
With the addition of a new slate roof in 1914 the 
Church stands as it is today. 

The Rev. C. P. O'Neill was succeeded in November, 
1913, by the present pastor. Rev. M. J. McKeon. 


Attached to the Princeville parish are the out- 
missions of Dimlap and Edelstein. The mission at 
Dimlap was organized in 1879 by Very Rev. Canon 
Moynihan is St. Roses 's, and the name later changed 
to St. Clement's. In 1910 the Church was 
struck by lightning and totally destroyed. But in 
1911, owing to the zeal and generosity of its members 
the present commodious brick edifice of English Gothic 
style was erected, and dedicated by the Right Rev. 
E. M. Dunne, Bishop of Peoria. The stained glass 
windows were donated by: Rev. F. J, O'Reilly, Rev, 
John P. Quinn, Rev. C. P. O'Neill, John Shehan, the 
children in memory of Archbishop Spalding; the Pat- 
rick Byrnes children in memory of their parents ; Mrs. 
Thomas Murphy, in memory of her husband ; Wm. 
Powers and Mrs. Johnston in memory of their parents ; 
Jos. Nelson in memory of Dennis Nelson ; Wm. Nelson 
in memory of Julia H. Nelson; Wm. Cashin in memory 
of Wm. Lawless. The stations of the cross were donated 
in memory of: John Brennan, Mrs. Julia Riley, Hugh 
Gallagher, Joseph Christian, Thomas Madden, Bridget 
Madden, Rev. John Doran, Very Rev. Canon IMoynihan, 
Thomas Murphy, Peter Fisher, Margaretta Fischer, 
Gift of Mrs. P. McGonigle, Gift of Dr. J. P. Luthringer, 
Gift of Dr. A. J. Kanne. 

St. Matthew's Church at Edelstein, built in 1901, 
owes its existence to the generosity of the late Mat- 
thew McDonnell who bequeathed part of the amount 
expended in erecting it. Both missions are attended 
from Princeville every alternate Sunday, and are in a 
very satisfactory and flourishing condition. 

"When life was like a story, holding neither sob nor sigh; 
In the golden olden glory of the days gone by." 

— ^James Whitcomb Riley. 

prince;ville;'s public square 61 

By George I. McGinnis, 1915. 

The public square, now covered with growing trees, 
improved with cement walks, a concrete band-stand, 
electric lights and a drinking fountain, and familiarly 
called the Park, was given to the Village by its founder, 
Wm. C. Stevens, at the time of the platting in 1837. In 
1874 an attempt was made by the officials to mar the 
square by locating on it the village hall and a calaboose. 
Injunction proceedings were started by Peter Auten, in 
company with Mr. Stevens and other citizens to block 
the intended purpose, and, on the testimony of the donor 
that he had given the square 'Ho be an open space, park 
or square forever, for beauty, for view, for ventilation 
and for health," a perpetual injunction was granted. 

Mr. Justice Scott delivered the opinion of the court, 
in part as follows : Village of Princeville vs. Auten et 
al.. Vol. 77, 111. Reports, p. 326 : "This bill was to enjoin 
the village board of trustees from moving the town hall 
from its present site and placing it on what is called the 
'square,' or 'public square.' The original town of 
Princeville was laid out in 1837. No division was made 
of the center block. It does not appear to have been 
divided into lots as other blocks were. * * * * n 
is proven the proprietors of the town recognized the 
blank square as public grounds. * * * * Neither 
the plat nor any of the certificates accompanying it ex- 
presses any limitation or condition as to the future use 
of the block designated as a public square, nor indicates 
in what manner the public may enjoy it. One of the 
proprietors, in his testimony taken at the hearing, says 
the land comprised in the block originally belonged to 
him ; that it was the intention it should remain forever 
an open square, as a 'beauty, convenience, and charm to 
a country village,' and it was with that view lots front- 
ing on it were sold for an enhanced price. * * * * 
Considering the evidence offered on this subject, it clear- 


ly appears it was the intention of the proprietors of 
the town, in making the dedication of this block of 
ground, it should forever remain an 'open square' for 
the convenience and common benefit of the inhabitants 
of the village. Acquiesence on the part of the corpor- 
ate authorities for so great a period, as shown by the 
testimony, strengthens this conclusion. The decree 
does not forbid the village trustees as suggested by 
counsel from enclosing the square, from making walks 
and planting it with ornamental trees, or doing any- 
thing else to make it a pleasure ground for the use 
of the inhabitants of the village, whenever they may 
think proper to do so. The decree of the circuit court 
must be affirmed. Decree affirmed." 

During the Civil War a secret organization known 
as the "Union League" of Princeville, with outer guard 
and pass words, and with a membership of 50 or more, 
would assemble on the "square" and drill in military 
tactics, with John Seery as Captain and drill-master. 
The purpose of the "Union League" was to demon- 
strate loyalty to the Union cause, and promote a feel- 
ing in favor of a vigorous prosecution of the war. The 
writer remembers one time when the usual crowd of 
onlookers had assembled, two women made remarks : 
One of them saying that the League men were ' ' a home 
spun looking lot of alligators," and the other subjoin- 
ing that they were "only the ragamulRns of the coun- 
try." These remarks gave rise to a colloquy of hot 
words between the two critics and other women who ad- 
mired the patriotism of the league. However, nothing 
but a war with tongues resulted. 

In 1866, the Lucifer Baseball Club was organized 
with the following members: L. G. Parker, Captain, 
H. E. Burgess, A. S. Wilson, L. B. Day, H. E, Charles, 
Ed Edwards, Lem Andrews, L, A. Blanchard, Marion 
Klinck. The first league game was plaved by the Luci- 
fers vs. the "Mollie Stark Club" of Toulon, with the 
late Judge Wright as captain, the result being in favor 
of the Lucifers. In the second game at Toulon Mollie 
Stark won, by a score almost scandalizing to the Luci- 


fers. The third test was made on the Princeville dia- 
mond, where the Lucifers, strange to say, again scored 
a triumph, deciding the series in their favor. 

The square, besides being a place for ball games, 
fights and occasional run-a-ways, was the regular place 
for pitching circus tents, and many an Uncle Tom's 
Cabin Show has been given there, some good and some 
poor. The anvils and cannon were often shot otf there 
before daylight on Independence Day; and on July 4, 
1885, occurred in the premature discharge of cannon 
which resulted in the death seven days later, of J. F. 

One "liberty pole" after another was erected, as 
they wore out from time to time, on which the stars 
and stripes were floated on all patriotic occasions. The 
liberty pole was used, also, at times to demonstrate 
the indignation of citizens when they considered the 
community was being outraged in some manner by 
hanging the offenders in effigy. For instance the mar- 
riage, separation, divorce and remarriage of a certain 
aged couple gave cause for considerable comment as 
well as serenading with the music of tin pan, tin horn, 
and cow bell orchestra of many pieces. When the 
music failed to bring forth a treat, the musicians pro- 
ceeded to display their feelings by swinging the couple 
to the flag pole in effigy. This occurred during the 
early eighties and in 1884 another occasion of hanging 

The Hon. N. E. AVorthington, member of Congress, 
incurred the enmity of a number of his constituents 
by recommending the appointment of Jos. S. Barnum 
as postmaster of Princeville. Many petitions of remon- 
strance were laid before Mr. Worthington, insisting 
that he reconsider the matter, but to no purpose. Mr. 
Barnum owned and controlled the Princeville Tele- 
phone at that time and as his paper had supported 
Mr. Worthington 's candidacy during the preceding 
campaign, the Congressman absolutely refused to lis- 
ten to the protests of those who opposed Barnum. 
Chief among the opposition were Charles Fast, John 


Bowman, Morg Rowe, Cornelius Dukes, John Little, 
Tom Garrison and others, with Frank Hitchcock as 
"chairman of the entire delegation." Once when both 
Chas. Fast and Nate McCready had returned from 
Peoria, where they both thought they had learned of 
Worthington's intentions, "Charlie" boasted to 
"Nate" that a change would be made. Nate, having 
received his information first hand, quietly asked him 
how much money he would like to wager. Fast said, 
"Fifty dollars at any rate," whereupon McCready of- 
fered to cover the bet and as much more as he could 
lay down. Fast asked to be excused for a few mo- 
ments, and after skirmishing for the money in smaller 
amounts among the members of the delegation, he re- 
turned with the total, with the result that Nate 
swept in the stakes. This aroused the ire of Fast's 
friends to such a degree that another hanging in effigy 
took place, and the image hung to the flag pole was 
labeled "Hon. N. E. Worthington" with a large sheet 
of paper projecting from the coat pocket, marked 
"Barnum's Commission." 

On one occasion at the front of the post office kept 
by William C. Stevens in a frame building opposite 
the northern boundary of the square, Mr. James Mil- 
ler, now of Des Moines, Iowa, who resided here at the 
time, drove up in front of the office with a farm wagon 
Avhich was provided with part of a broken fence board 
for a seat. Mr. Stevens on noticing the board re- 
marked that it looked very much like it had just come 
off of somebody 's fence. Miller simply made a rejoinder 
by asking what if it had. Mr. Stevens having been 
previously provoked by having his fences torn dowai, 
informed Miller that he believed him to be one of the 
characters guilty of the destruction. Miller became 
somewhat angered and pushed Stevens to one side. At 
this Stevens remarked that if he must tight a bullock 
he would prepare to defend himself, and straightway 
walked into his office and returned with a claw ham- 
mer. Miller suggested there was no use quarreling 
about a small piece of board and Stevens, being 

princeville's public square 65 

as quick to relent as he was to become hasty, offered 
an apology and invited Miller in to partake of some 
fine eating apples. 

From the founding of the Village to 1881, two wag- 
on roads ran diagonally across the square, intersect- 
ing with Canton Street on the south, and Main Street 
on the north. These roads were abandoned in 1881, 
when the block was planted to trees and a board fence 
enclosed it for a few years until the trees were grown. 
Then the fence, with stiles at the corners, was removed, 
and the lawn mower applied for the first time. 

The present concrete band stand and cement walks 
were built in 1909, through the generosity of the 
Prineeville Business Men's Association, aided by the 
Santa Fe Railroad's donating all gravel, and by a "dol- 
lar donation" on the part of something over 300 citi- 

Beautified as it is, with the trend of modern amuse- 
ments and refreshments "up town" and with the ad- 
vent of automobiles, which do not need a grove for 
tying in, the square, now called the Park, has become 
the logical place for picnics and celebrations, instead 
of the groves farther removed from town. Memorial 
Day programs, Band Concerts and Sunday Evening 
Church in summer complete the usefulness and "pleas- 
ureableness" for M^hich the square was originally don- 
ated by Mr. Stevens. 

"When thou art feeble, old and gray, 
My healhty arm shall be thy stay 
And I will soothe thy pains away, 

My Mother." 


By Geo. I. McGinnis, 1915. 

"I'm Captain Jinks of the Horse Marines, 
I feed my horse good corn and beans ; 

I sport young ladies in their teens, 
To cut a swell in the army." 

— From Captain Jinks. 

I. I'm President H of great Princeville 

A medical man of wonderful skill; 
I'm often called to treat folks that are ill, 
Though I never did serve in the army. 

II. I'm running this town on a temperance plan 

On a temperance plan, on a temperance plan, 
I'm running this town on a temperance plan 
Got Hitchcock into the army. 

III. (About erecting of the Pound, lost from memory.) 

IV. Everything went on first rate, 

Till one night the Pound met with a very sad fate. 
And Joe with his pistol was a little too late 
To keep the hogs in the army. 

V. And now we are in another great splutter, 
Our calaboose tumbled into the gutter, 
It puts my heart in a very great flutter 
To keep the bums in the army. 

—Parody by R. R. Taylor. 

When Princeville Village was incorporated first 
as the "Town of Princeville" under a special charter 
April 15, 1869, the citizens had to become used to re- 
straints on a number of their former liberties. One, 
of course, was the control of the liquor traffic which 
caused a considerable division of sentiment. The tem- 
perance people arrayed themselves as an anti-license 
party and thereby received a storm of criticism and rid- 
icule. The agitation was continued vigorously by the 
two opposing elements. The writer remembers well 
while the anti-license people were conducting a series of 


temperance meetings in the Hitchcock Hall, many mem- 
bers of the opposing faction were present also, to insist 
that they should be allowed to present and defend their 
views as to the best way of governing by license the 
sale of intoxicants. 

The main spokesman of this side was Ed Bobier, 
who was quite persistent in being heard. On one occa- 
sion the late Peter Auten was chosen to preside, and in- 
formed Mr. Bobier that the meeting was not called as 
a debating society; and that if he, Bobier, insisted fur- 
ther there would likely be forcible means resorted to 
in order to compel him to desist. At this point, Mr. 
Bobier moved that every license man present take his 
hat and leave the hall. The motion was seconded by 
the late Thomas Alwood who gave his words quite a 
little of the English accent, "Ah sicond that mootion," 
and gathering up his tin lantern, lit the tallow dip 
within and started in pursuit of Bobier, followed by 
quite a number of others of the same sentiment. 

The meeting then proceeded and Benjamin Piper of 
Peoria was introduced as speaker of the evening. Mr. 
Piper proved quite entertaining and stated in the open- 
ing of his address that he was himself a reformed 
drunkard and hoped by the help of God to remain so. 
After eulogizing the efforts of the temperance workers 
he proved quite humorous by comparing those whom 
he termed "weak in the knees" while claiming to be 
in sympathy with the temperance cause, to the visitor 
in the fable of The Woodchuck and The Skunk. Mr. 
Skunk called without being invited at the den of a 
mother woodchuck where she was rearing a family of 
young ones, and rendered himself quite familiar on en- 
tering by saying, "Good Morning, Sister Woodchuck. 
What a beautiful family of little ones you have here." 
He also introduced himself to the little ones as Uncle 
Woodchuck, and speaking again to the mother said, 
"How much better we woodchucks are than other ani- 
mals." All this was received with unresponsive tolera- 
tion on the part of the mother woodchuck who finally 
said, "Look here, my friend, you are making yourself 


quite familiar on short acquaintance. I don't believe 
you are a woodchuck. You don't look like a wood- 
chuck, and you don't act like a woodchuck, you don't 
talk like a woodchuck and by the eternal you don't 
smell like a woodchuck." 

About the same time as this meeting, blacksmith Jos, 
Mock was appointed to fill the new municipal office of 
poundmaster, and a strong enclosure was erected where 
Mr. Mock resided at that time, on the premises now oc- 
cupied by the home of Dr. C. H. Wilcox. This 
served to increase the fury of the storm of indignation, 
as people were so accustomed to allowing their live 
stock to run at large. Having formerly gotten the ben- 
efit of pasture on wide open range, they felt they were 
being deprived of a lawful privilege. Rail fence enclo- 
sures were quite numerous throughout the Village 
where milch cows and other stock would be corralled 
during the night, but liberated the following morning 
to promenade the streets before going off to the range 
and perhaps returning in the evening. The writer and 
a companion Stiles Mitchell at one time were each 
given ten cents to drive hogs, cattle and sheep from 
the public square while a game of baseball was being 

Finally a number of head of live stock were gath- 
ered in by the authorities and placed in the pound, and 
in charge of poundmaster Mock. Some of the citizens 
noticed the same evenings that their hogs did not re- 
turn home as usual for their rations of swill. This 
aroused suspicion that matters were being dealt with 
by the newly elected board of trustees, and accordingly 
a good sized delegation was organized to execute other 

A line of march to the enclosure verified the sus- 
picion, and the men in line gathering a good supply of 
axes and crowbars along with various other instru- 
ments of destruction, proceeded to reduce the enclosure 
to a mass of kindling wood, and liberate their animals. 
The poundmaster was aroused from his slumbers by the 
different sounds which emanated, and making haste to 


the scene of desolation, opened fire witli a single bar- 
reled pistol. This failed to terrify the intruders and 
Mr. Mock was left alone to view the wreckage, and 
without any livestock as evidence of violation of ordin- 

Another expression of the municipal restraint was 
the village calaboose first erected on the edge of the 
water course running through the middle of Block 18 
(near blacksmith shop of Robert Taylor, Jr., 1915). 
The open ditch soon caused the structure to fall into a 
dilapidated condition and the building was moved 
alongside the old Christian Church, (on Block 14, east 
of the present school house), which had been purchased 
for a town hall. This calaboose, by the way, was battered 
open on one occasion by two young men confined for 
drunkenness, who, inspired with the patriotic thought 
of Patrick Henry ''Give me liberty or give me death," 
took the cannon stove to pieces and used the parts for 
the battering. The old church used as town hall and 
the calaboose in close proximity remained there for sev- 
eral years, and then, after failure of the attempt to 
place them on the public square, were removed to the 
present village lot, site of the water works plant. 

Chafing at all of these restrictions to their former 
habits, and a short time after the meeting above re- 
ferred to where the woodchuck and skunk comparison 
was made, the license men called an indignation meet- 
ing where singing and speaking were the order of the 
evening. Among other numbers on the program, Rudol- 
phus R. Taylor, the tinner, appeared wearing a derby 
hat and large gray shawl, the same style as occasionally 
worn by Dr. Henry, and introduced himself by singing 
his parody on the then-worn-threadbare song of "Cap- 
tain Jinks." One verse of the Captain Jinks song and 
four out of the five verses of the parody which the 
writer can recollect, are printed at head of this article. 

"President H " was of course Dr. R. F. Henry who 

had been chosen from their number by the village trus- 
tees as president, (It was a few years later that the 
Village President was elected by direct vote of the peo- 


pie, 0. F. Herriek being the first elective Village Pres- 
dent). Hitchcock, mentioned in the second stanza, was 
George W. Hitchcock who had formerly conducted a 
saloon in the basement of his large brick building, but 
had temporarily professed temperance convictions and 
closed his saloon business. Stanzas three, four and five 
referred to the pound escape and to the calaboose es- 
cape above related. 


By Edward Auten and Peter Auten 2nd, written in 
1902; revised in 1915. 

Peter Auten was born of Holland Dutch descent 
at Chili, near Rochester, N. Y., Oct. 1, 1811; attended 
select schools in Rochester and Geneva, and began life 
as a clerk in a general store at Penfield, N. Y. He also 
taught school. On Oct. 13, 1836, he was married to 
Lydia Chapman of Westport, Conn., who was then 
teaching school at Chili. Sent by the "American 
Board" of the Congregational Church as missionary 
teachers to the Choctaw Indians, they started soon after 
they were married, by sailing vessel from New York 
City to Cuba, and thence to New Orleans, and then up 
the Mississippi River by boat to the mouth of the Ar- 
kansas. From Arkansas City they traveled as far as 
they could by coach and after that on horseback to the 
Choctaw Indian Mission. The trip overland was made 
with great difficulty and danger. They were often 
stuck in the mud and had to leave their baggage and 
send back for it. The settlers implored them not to 
go farther, fearing the dangers of the wilderness and 
of the Indians, and it was only at fabulous prices that 
horses and men could be obtained for the journey. 

Finally reaching the Choctaw Mission, Mr. Auten 
taught among the Indians for two years. There were 
three divisions of the Choctaw nation, one of which 
had never consented to allow Government schools in 


its territory. Mr. Auten was employed by the United 
States Government to negotiate a treaty with the chief 
of this division, looking to the establishment of schools. 
In this others had failed, but Mr. Auten Avas successful 
partly, perhaps wholly, on account of the high personal 
regard in which he was held by the chief. The chief 
was very grateful for medical aid given his wife. He 
took up with the idea of the schools, honored Mr. Auten 
at the Indian "Pole Pullings" and other public occa- 
sions, often protected him, and the Indians made a pet 
of baby Lemuel. They would borrow the baby, take 
him away and bring him back dressed in Indian baby 
clothes, and decorated with beads. The government 
sent Mr. Auten $500 in special appreciation of his ser- 

Unable to endure the climate after a serious illness, 
Mr. Auten left, with his wife, and came to Radnor 
Township, Peoria County, in 1838 or early in 1839. He 
moved to Princeville, teaching school the winter of 
1840-41. He lived in a log cabin just southwest of the 
corner of the original village plat (West of the Misses 
Edwards' present residence, the cabin later moved di- 
rectly East of the Misses Edwards') ; the school house 
was the old log one so famous in early Princeville his- 
tory. Moving back to Radnor Tow^nship he farmed 
there until 1849, when he again took up his residence 
in Princeville, to continue until his death Feb. 7, 1904. 
He bought the Samuel Alexander house, one of the old- 
est frame dwellings in the village (northeast corner of 
Block 13, facing west side of the public square), which 
he occupied until 1887, then moving across the street, 
cornering, to his last residence on the southwest corner 
of Block 8, fronting the north side of the square. 

In Radnor he was school treasurer 1842-50, he hav- 
ing made the first set of treasurer's books. In Prince- 
ville Township he was Commissioner of Highways 1851- 
53, Moderator Town meetings 1852, '53 and '56, Justice 
of the Peace 1854-58, Overseer of Road District 1857-58 
and 1859-61, Town Clerk 1859-63. He was of a commit- 
tee of five appointed at town meeting 1867 to circulate 


a petition to raise money to refund to soldiers their 
taxes paid toward the bounty fund. 

For a number of years after moving to Princeville 
Mr. Auten was actively engaged in farming on land 
one or two miles out from town. He always did a great 
deal of writing for other people, especially during and 
after war times. 

In 1872, at an age when many men consider them- 
selves old, he started in the banking business to remain 
in it actively for twenty-five years, and still able to 
walk to and from the bank after a period of thirty 
years had elapsed. His first partner, George AY. Alter, 
was fast failing in health before the close of the year 
1872, and the firm name of Auten & Alter was changed 
to be Auten & Auten. Mr. Auten 's son Edward was the 
new partner, in place of Mr. Alter, and the partnership 
and firm name remained the same until the senior part- 
ner's death in 1904. The business has grown, and a 
branch bank was established at Monica in 1893, the firm 
now (1915) consisting of three of Mr. Peter Auten 's 

Beginning with his first school in New York state, 
continuing through his years with the Indians, and all 
through his later life, Mr. Auten was of a decided mis- 
sionary and philanthropic character. When teaching 
his first school he got nearly the entire district to sign 
the temperance pledge, something difficult in those 
days, and was instrumental in having seventy of his 
pupils and young people join the church. It was as a 
missionary teacher that he went to the Indians, and 
until his eightieth year he enjoyed singing hymns in 
the Choctaw langauge. He had always been active in 
temperance and in church and Sunday School work, 
both in the village and going out into the country. 
Mrs. Auten was always his equal helper, and they both 
assisted their neighbors in spiritual, intellectual and 
material ways. Mrs. Auten at times taught school in 
her own home, and she is remembered by many even 
yet for her kind deeds. Her life span extended from 
March 4, 1807, to April 11, 1891. 


Mr. Auteu was in many ways the mainstay of his 
family, that is of all his uncles and cousins who came 
west, and his mother and sister. He was liberal to 
them, as also he was to his own children and grand- 
children. He not only favored the right and the just, 
but stood positively for right and justice at all times. 
He was a part of the building up of Princeville and 
many strong men of the community often spoke of him 
as one to whom they owed their success ; he was a help- 
er and adviser of many people. He died Feb. 7, 1904, 
at the age of 92 years. 

Of Mr. and Mrs. Peter Auten's seven children only 
three grew to maturity, Lemuel, Edward and Andrew. 
Hanford, born Dec. 2, 1842, crippled by an accident, 
died Sept. 30, 1845. Emily Ann, born Nov. 12, 1844, 
lived to about the same age. Two later children, a boy 
and a girl, died in infancy without being named. These 
four all rest in a cemetery used by all the neighbors, 
but still remaining in Mr. Auten's private ownership 
at the time of his death, near the southwest corner of 
the southeast quarter of Section 19, Radnor Township. 

Andrew, born March 9, 1841, attended the public 
schools and Princeville Academy, and also the State 
Agricultural College of Pennsylvania, Center County, 
Penn. When southern invasion was threatened at the 
breaking out of the war, he was a member of the Home 
Guards of Pennsylvania. Returning to Princeville he 
engaged in the nursery business, furnishing many of 
the evergreens and other fine shade trees that now 
adorn the village and surrounding country. He was 
married in 1863 to Alice Smith; died of typhoid fever, 
Oct. 4, 1864, leaving a daughter about one month old, 
Tula Rose. She is now Mrs. Russell E. Chaplin, and re- 
sides at Pomona, California. 

Lemuel, born on the border line between Texas and 
Indian Territory, near Fort Towson, Dec. 5, 1837, was 
educated in the public schools, private schools at Elm- 
wood, Henry and Farmington, Illinois, and at Union 
College, Schenectady, N. Y. He was married April 8, 
1863 to Esther R. Cutter, a native of New Hampshire, 


and to them seven children were born : Edith Corney, 
Maria Fry, Julia Campbell, Anna and Esther of Prince- 
ville, Andrew of Oberlin, Ohio, and Laura Tambling 
of Zion City, 111. Mr. Lemuel Auten for years helped 
to support the second Princeville Academy, and in- 
vested still more money in the education of his children 
in college. He lived on a farm in Akron Township un- 
til 1893, then in Monica where he had charge of Auten 
& Auten 's branch bank for some years, and is now re- 
tired in Princeville. He held the office of Justice of the 
Peace in Akron Township for one term, and frequently 
declined that and other offices. He held office of ruling 
elder in Princeville Presbyterian Church for more than 
20 years, beginning in 1870; and has held other offices 
in that church, as well as in the Methodist Church 
which he joined soon after moving to Monica in 1893, 
His wife has been active with him in Church and tem- 
perance work and has also been an active member and 
state officer of the ^Y. C. T. U. 

Edward was born May 27, 1839, in Radnor Town- 
ship on Section 30 ; the cabin was close to the spring 
near the Northwest corner of that section. He at- 
tended public schools, the Pendleton Seminary at Hen- 
ry, 111., the Academy at Farmington, 111., the old 
Princeville Academy, Union College at Schenectady, 
N. Y., where he received degrees of A. B. in 1862 and 
A. M. in 1865 ; also Harvard Law School at Cambridge, 
Mass., where he received the degree of LL. B. in 1865. 
He was admitted to the bar in Massachusetts in 1865, 
and continued study at Harvard Law School two years 
longer; was librarian of the Law School during his 
last three years there. 

Returning to Princeville, he began the practice of 
law, and was married in Akron Township, May 6, 1869, 
to Maria Louisa Cutter. Miss Cutter was a sister of his 
brother Lemuel's Avife, both of the ladies having come 
West as "Yankee School JNIa'ams," and being nieces of 
Dr. Cutter and of Mrs. Hannah Breese. Mr. and Mrs. 
Edward Auten 's children have been nine in number, 
Benjamin C, of Carthage, Mo. ; Lydia C, wife of J. E. 


Armstrong, Claremont, 111. ; Nellie M., Peter, Sarah R., 
Edward Jr. and Charles H., all of Princeville, Hanford 
Louis of Kennett, Mo., and Lemuel, twin of Charles H., 
who died in infancy. 

Entering the banking partnership with his father in 
1872, Mr. Auten gave up the regular practice of law, 
but has always continued to be an adviser and a holder 
of many trusts. He also engaged in cattle raising quite 
extensively at one time. He was the first Village Clerk, 
and has been at different times Trustee and President of 
the Village of Princeville. The township office of 
school treasurer he held continuously from 1880 until 
resigning in 1915 in favor of one of his sons. 

Mr. and Mrs. Auten have long been members of the 
Presbyterian Church, Mr. Auten holding the office of 
Secretary and Treasurer at one time for several years. 
They have been active in temperance, missionary and 
educational work. The second Princeville Academy 
was maintained largely by their efforts, jointly with 
the help of his father and brother, for as many yea'*"s 
as the people seemed to appreciate it and desire its 

Mr. and Mrs. Auten have sought for their children 
the best to be had in education. Mr. Auten has 
been a "war-horse" especially in the temperance 
fight in Princeville ; he helped materially in the 
wind-up of the licensed saloon (and of the un-licensed) 
by first leasing and later purchasing the Frank Hitch- 
cock or Henebery property, and also the "Cappie 
Washburn" Hotel property, thus making it possible for 
the former saloon keepers to retire gracefully from bus- 
iness. Mr. Auten has also helped to build and improve 
the town in many other ways, one of his recent activi- 
ties being the erecting of the building now used as Post 
Office. In general, Mr. Auten and his wife have tried to 
do their share in making Princeville a wholesome and 
progressive town to live in. 


By Ellen G. Bailey, 1915. 

Louis Bailey was born in 1786 in Jefferson County, 
New Hampshire. His father Alexander C. Bailey was 
a blacksmith and Louis assisted his father. The 
father was a soldier of the Revolution, and was present 
only a few feet away when Gen. Burgoyne handed his 
sword in surrender to Gen. Gates. 

Louis was drafted in the war of 1812 at the age of 
twenty-six. He had five hours in which to get ready to 
serve his country, a part of which time he put in mend- 
ing his shoes. At one time, when on a three days forced 
march, pursued closely by the English soldiers, when 
crossing a swamp, he saw his captain fall with fatigue. 
He broke a branch from a tree to over hang the path 
and mark where the captain fell, then marched into 
camp. Laying his drum upon a stump, as he was a 
drummer boy, he returned to help the captain into 

The captain said, "Let me lie and die," and as the 
captain was a strong and heavy man and Louis Bailey 
was a small man, the drummer boy was not able to 
carry him. He begged of his captain to come and go 
with him, but to no avail. Finally he gave his captain 
a few little kicks and called him a ''lazy lubber." The 
captain plucked up courage and by Bailey's assistance 
reached the camp, Bailey worked all night bringing in 
twenty-five stragglers that had dropped by the way- 
side ; then ate only a slice of hard corn bread for his 
breakfast, picked up his drum, and started on his 
march with the rest of the soldiers. He came in contact 
with many hardships at that time. 

After the war there were glowing accounts of Illi- 
nois' great prairies. So Mr. Bailey started for his 
future home on foot. He was robbed on the way, — even 
his hat, coat, shoes, and money were taken. But this 
did not daunt him; he started on his journey bare- 

the; bailey family of Essex township 77 

footed and bare headed. An inn-keeper gave him a 
hat and coat and shoes, which he afterwards paid for. 

He came to LaSalle County, Illinois and took up a 
claim. Afterwards he returned as far as Ohio and mar- 
ried Miss Betsy Butler, a girl who had laughed at his 
predicament on the way out when he was coat-less, hat- 
less, shoe-less and money-less after being robbed. With 
this bride he returned to his claim in LaSalle County. 
He was the first settler in Vermilion Township in that 
County, two miles from Tonica. Here he was engaged 
in saw-milling and his sons Augustus and Timothy were 
born, — Augustus being the first white male child born 
in LaSalle County. 

In 1832 the Black Hawk War broke out. Mr. Bailey 
put his family aboard a boat and sent them down to 
Fort Clark (which is Peoria today), and he stayed at 
his claim alone. He could hear the shooting of Black 
Hawk's braves and knew well some of the people that 
were killed on the west side of the Illinois River. Mr. 
Bailey was personally acquainted with Black Hawk and 
Shabbona — the latter being an Indian character well 
known to the Peoria settlers. And later on, after Mr. 
Bailey had moved to Stark County, he had a number 
of visits from Shabbona. The old Indian would never 
accept accommodations in a bed, but insisted on rolling 
up in his blanket on the floor. 

In later years Mr. Bailey told traditions from the 
Indians as to how Starved Rock and Deer Park re- 
ceived their names. One tribe of Indians drove a 
weaker tribe upon the rock and stood guard till they 
starved them. There were some deer that went into 
Deer Park, in which there is a large canyon. A severe 
snoM^storm filled the mouth of the canyon so the deer 
could not escape and they were an easy prey for the 

During this time there was a man keeping grocery 
store who sold out all his goods but a cask of liquor. 
He asked Mr. Bailey if he might put this in his cabin 
for a short time, and the Indians found out the whiskey 


was there. Three Indians came and asked Mr. Bailey if 
he had any whiskey. He replied, "No." They pointed 
down to the floor and said, "Down there." Then Mr. 
Bailey replied, "It isn't mine." One Indian drew a 
long knife and ruffled up his hair. Mr. Bailey knew 
this meant fight. There were two white men beside Mr. 
Bailey in the house and six little children and his wife. 
Mrs. Bailey took a child by each hand and led them 
outside ; then came after the other children, making 
two more trips. Mr. Bailey said to Mr. Eliot, who 
was one of the men at the cabin, "KJQOck him down." 
Eliot knocked his Indian down, and the other white 
man, his name unknown, grabbed a rolling pin and 
beat one of the Indians over the head which sounded 
like beating an empty barrel. Mr. Bailey took a chair 
and struck the other Indian, breaking his chair to 
pieces. Then he grabbed a fire shovel and struck the 
Indian over the head ; the next lick he struck him cut 
a horrible gash in the Indian's head. Mr. Bailey says 
to Mr. Eliot, "Don't kill him, make him beg." Mr. 
Eliot, being a powerful man, would have killed his 
Indian in a few minutes. 

The next morning Mr. Bailey rose before day-light 
and rode horse back to the Indian camp. The Indians 
were all up. His excuse to them was that he had a 
cow strayed away and was hunting for her. The thr^e 
Indians who received the beating the day before were 
sitting upon the ground. The chief asked him about 
the trouble of the night before, and said, "I will have 
them put to death if you say so." Mr. Bailey said, 
"No, I do not want them killed." 

On this same morning he was surprised to meet with 
a half-breed girl he had known years before. Mr. Bai- 
ley knowing the character of the Indians, knew that 
something must be done to show that the whites were 
not afraid of them. He thought that on that morning 
their intention was to massacre the settlers, but his 
courage and bravery changed their intentions. 


In 1849, Mr. Bailey sold his farm and moved to 
Stark County, Illinois, with his two sons, Augustus 
and Timothy. He bought a piece of land which is now 
owned by his grand-son, Orpheus Bailey (in Sec. 11, 
Essex TowTiship). In 1877 he died in Oregon. 

His son Augustus was born in 1828, and lived on 
the Stark County farm and raised his two sons Orpheus 
and Alexander C. Bailey. Timothy Bailey moved to 
Oregon in 1878 and now lives at Menlo, Pacific County, 
Washington. He was a member of the 112th Illinois 
Regiment in the Civil War. 

Orpheus Bailey, a bachelor is now living on his farm 
near Wyoming. Alexander C. Bailey lives in Wyom- 
ing, Illinois, with his family of eight daughters and one 
son. Three of the daughters are teaching in public 
schools at the present time and one daughter married 
is living in Indiana, 

By Amine Reeves and Emma Ferbrache, 1913. 

Lester Beach was born in Rochester, New York in 
1804. He served an apprenticeship and learned the car- 
penter trade in the city of Rochester, After the death 
of his parents he and his brother Charles went ai 
young men to the vicinity of Clyde, Ohio. Here Mr, 
Lester Beach engaged in farming for a short time 
and was married to Miss Lydia Chase, who was an aunt 
of General McPherson of the Civil War. 

About the year 1837 he came to Farmington, Illi- 
nois, from which place he sent back for Mrs. Beach, 
She came, with her baby Amine, and accompanied 
by Charles Beach, Mrs. Beach used on this trip an 
iron tea-kettle that is still in possession of the family, 
just at present loaned to Cutter's log cabin. Interest- 
ing stories are told of a faithful mastiff dog "Old 
Tige," that Mrs, Beach brought on this trip, remem- 


bered by many of the early settlers; at one time he 
stayed faithfully by a runaway team; and at another 
time took the pants leg off a thief who would other- 
wise have gotten Mr, Beach's horses. 

Arriving at Farmington the family could get no 
dwelling except the old "council house," a bark cov- 
ered structure where the white men and Indians had 
been in the habit of meeting for their parleys. Mrs. 
Beach often told her children how the roof leaked 
and how the shadows in the large recesses suggested 
Indians to her even when there were none around. 

The next year the family moved to Princeville where 
Mr. Beach built the first house East of town for the 
Sloan's. For himself he rented land from Wm. C. 
Stevens, the house being a double log one-half mile 
North of the Cutter house. Here the children re- 
member their father often driving a steady old nag 
right into the house to drag in a log for the large 
fire place. There were no floors in some of the cabins, 
nor in any of the stores and blacksmith shops of that 
day. In the stores, men could sit on a box or barrel 
and spit tobacco juice w^herever convenient. 

Children were born, including the one in Ohio, in 
the following order: Amine, Elvira, Frank, Cornelia, 
Lydia, Emma, Willie and Orville. The oldest child 
Amine was sent first to school in the log school house 
near Mr. Slane's southeast of town. Mrs. Cutter and 
Solomon Cornwell were her first teachers and at this 
late date the pupil now recollects that one of these 
teachers, perhaps Mrs. Cutter, wished to punish little 
Elvira for pulling a tame flower in some forbidden spot ; 
but as Elvira was too little, the teacher punished 
Amine instead. This enraged the father, who went and 
informed the teacher that any whipping to be done 
might be taken out on him. Mr. Cornwell who was 
developing his land as well as teaching school, had 
a habit of announcing to the scholars that if it were 
rainy or stormy on the following day they might 
come back to school, but if fair weather they need not 
come as he would be working on his place. 


Later on Mr. Beach moved northeast of town to his 
own farm in the neighborhood of McGinnis, Peet and 
Clussman. This was on the Southeast quarter of Sec- 
tion 6, Akron, now known as the Blue farm. Here he 
helped to build a new school house. Selling this farm 
Mr. Beach bought one mile East of Prineeville where 
he lived until he died in 1859, and his widow continued 
to live continuously until her death in 1906. This is 
the place remembered by the children as the old home 
and where they remember their mother carding wool 
and many other scenes that have long since gone 
out of date in the Illinois home. The daughter Emma 
still has in her possession a coverlet made of home 
spun wool raised on their own sheep, with the year 
"1840" and Grandmother Slocum's name woven in it. 
Mother Beach often remarked that her husband did 
not like farming as well as carpentering and after be- 
coming a farmer he did not whistle at his work as he 
had formerly. 

An interesting reminiscence of Grandfather Slo- 
cum is as follows : At the time of the massacre of 
Wyoming, Pennsylvania, a seven year old sister of his 
was captured by the Indians and never heard from, 
until many years later a traveller came upon an Indian 
camp and an old woman, the widow of the chief, was 
very sick. She told him that she was of white blood 
and had been stolen by the Indians when a little girl. 
The story told by this man reached the ears of Grand- 
father Slocum who immediately set out to see if she 
was not his sister. She had recovered from her illness 
and denied the story ; but when her brother said to 
her, "Now, if you are my sister there will be a scar on 
your foot where I once hit you with an ax when we 
were making our wood," the woman broke into tears 
and showed the scar. Her brother then visited her 
every two years. She said she did not remember much 
about her mother and her mother's housekeeping, ex- 
cept she had always swept with a broom and set the 
broom in the corner when she got through, as she re- 
membered her mother had done. 


Of the children, Amine Reeves of Abilene, Kansas 
and Emma Ferbraehe of Sutherland, Nebraska, are the 
writers of this article. Elvira Frost died in 1893 and 
is survived by her husband Enos Frost, her children, 
Mrs. Cora Nixon of Princeville, 111., Miss Lydia who 
lives with her father in Wymore, Nebraska, Lester 
Enos of Canada, and Mrs. Flora James of Denver, Colo- 
rado. Frank is still living at Dumont, Iowa. Lydia 
died at the age of five years, and Cornelia at the age 
of twenty-three. Willie and Orville went West as 
young men and have never been heard from. 

In the Charles Beach family the children were Har- 
low of Peoria, 111., Fred who has been dead several 
years, Elizabeth whom everybody knows as Miss Libbie, 
of Princeville, Mrs. Caroline McMains who died about 
1910, at Phoenix, Neb., and Birdseye now of Glasford, 


of Peoria County, Illinois, 

By John F. Bliss, 1911. 

The history of one family of the early settlers of 
Illinois is largely the history of all. They had many 
things in common. They were largely descendants from 
the original colonists. They brought with them those 
sterling qualities which made them able to meet with 
an unyielding will, the new problems, and to success- 
fully solve them with a courage which knew no defeat. 

We of the present generation have a very limited 
conception of the sufi^ering and deprivations our illus- 
trious predecessors endured in settling a new country. 
We, their children and grandchildren, who sat at their 
knee on many a wintry night in the old farm home, 
heard from their lips the stories, which to us never lost 
interest, and which we rehearse to our children. And 
it may be there shall arise a historian who will give 
these heroes and heroines of the common people a place 


which they deserve in the making of the history of Illi- 

The Bliss family, of whom I write more especially, 
were not pioneer settlers or frontiersmen. Daniel Boone 
and Davy Crockett and Prince, after whom Princeville 
was named, were frontiersmen. Mr. Prince's log cabin 
stood on the ground now owned by our esteemed citi- 
zen, S. S. Slane. The cabin was a little north and 
west of the house of Mr. Slane. Forty years ago or 
more, when as a boy I roamed the woods, this cabin 
stood. At that time it was unoccupied. Mr. Prince 
had lived with the Indians for many years. He de- 
pended more on his unerring rifle for sustenance than 
upon tilling the soil. He must have had friendly rela- 
tions with the Indians at that time for my mother told 
me that he was bitten by a rattlesnake. At that time 
he was the only white man in this part of the state. 
He used what remedies he had, but he grew much 
worse. Thinking he must die, he painfully drew him- 
self up to the top of the roof of his cabin so that after 
death his body would not be eaten by wild beasts. 
In his extremity some friendly Indians passed that way. 
They found him in this dying condition. They hurriedly 
held a consultation. Then they got busy. One hurried 
away out on the prairie. Soon he returned with an 
armful of herbs known later as rattlesnake master. 
A kettle had been placed upon the fire, a poultice was 
soon made and applied to the bite, and the life of Prince 
was saved. It seemed difficult for these frontiersmen 
to take up with the civilization which the first settlers 
brought with them from their eastern homes. That 
you may understand this better, I remember of my 
mother telling of a religious meeting which was held 
in Prince's cabin. A large number of the settlers were 
present. While they were in the very interesting part 
of the service Prince came from his work, looked over 
the people and then made a rush for the bed, rolled 
himself up in the bed clothes and remained there dur- 
ing the rest of the meeting. 


My mother's people came to Princeville in 1836. 
At that time she was what they now call sweet six- 
teen. I have been told by those who laiew her that 
she was not only beautiful in looks but beautiful in all 
the lovely graces which make up an attractive young 
woman. She was the daughter of "William Blanchard, 
whose family history is written in Vol I of these 
reminiscences. Only four of my mother's family are 
living : Aunt Delilah, a maiden aunt, who had the dis- 
tinction of knowing the names and ages of four or five 
generations of her relatives. For more than ninety 
years she has lived. We can almost say of her as was 
said of Moses of old; "His eyes were not dim nor his 
natural force abated"; Henry Blanchard of Joplin, 
Mo. ; Mrs. J. E. Merritt, and F. B. Blanchard, of Prince- 
ville. These are all that are left of a large family. 

The Bliss genealogy traces our family history back 
to the time of William the Conqueror, One of our an- 
cestors was dragged through the streets of London tied 
to the tail of a mule, because of his religious belief. 
In the year of 1638 three brothers and a nephew emi- 
grated to the Plymouth colony, and from these came 
the Bliss family in America. My father informed me 
that his great grandfather. Rev. John Bliss, was a min- 
ister of more than ordinary ability. Old Salem, Mass., 
was the home of many of the Bliss tribe. My grand- 
father, Henry Bliss, was born in East Town, Washing- 
ton County, New York, Oct. 15, 1790. When he became 
a man he went West (The West at that time was wes- 
tern New York), to Chautauqua County, where he 
taught school during the winter and farmed during 
the rest of the year. At a social gathering one 
evening he met for the first time his future wife, 
Rebecca Smith, of Adams, Conn., who was visiting 
some of her relation in that part of New York. 
The social function turned into a dance in which 
all took part except my grandparents, who had 
religious scruples along that line. Thej^ were naturally 
thrown into each other's society for the evening, which 
proved to be very enjoyable to them. This was the 


beginning of a courtship which ended in marriage on 
March 14, 1815. About this time he was ordained as 
a minister in the Baptist church and held this relation 
to that church until he came to Illinois, when he united 
with the Christian church some time after. His family 
were all born in New York, consisting of Hiram, Solo- 
mon, Esther, Nancy, Betsy, Reuben. There were a 
few tribes of Indians in western New York then. My 
father said they would often come to their house when 
he was a boy. They usually wanted salt. They al- 
ways wanted to see the little white papoose. He was 
the white papoose. If they did not see him they would 
look for him, and many a time the Indians have pulled 
him out from under the bed. He would kick and fight 
and they would laugh. The early settlers were brave 
women, as well as brave men, and my grandmother was 
one of them, as the following little incident will show : 
Their home was in a clearing along the Chautauqua 
lake. One day a deer took refuge from a pack of 
hounds, behind a large log near her home. A neighbor 
woman was sent to tell the men, who were chopping 
in the woods some distance away. After she had gone 
she heard the dogs coming. She was afraid they would 
frighten the deer away before the men came, so she 
took the butcher knife, quietly crawled up to the log, 
reached over and cut the throat of the deer. When the 
men arrived she had it partly dressed. Like all of the 
women of that time, she did the work of the house, 
made the clothing for the family, including the tailor- 
ing for the men. The song of the spinning wheel, as 
my grandmother turned the wheel, with one hand hold- 
ing the thread, I can hear yet, for fifty years ago the 
spinning wheel was in common use in our rural homes. 
Economy was one of the virtues practiced in my grand- 
mother's home. Pins were a valuable and scarce article 
in her home. I have heard her say that a dozen pins 
were expected to last that many years and if one should 
be lost, diligent search was made for its recovery. 

Zenas Bliss, a brother of my grandfather, moved 
from New York to Illinois in 1837. He had a family 


of eleven children. He settled near Northhampton in 
Peoria County. He was a man of means and of mechan- 
ical ability. Among his many accomplishments he was 
a millwright. He built a grist mill near Northhamp- 
ton, if I am rightly informed, on the Senachwine creek. 
This investment did not prove a financial success. "With 
his family he afterward settled out on the rich prairie 
lands not far from Blue Ridge. His wife. Aunt Mabel, 
a bright and intellectual woman, lived many years after 
her husband's death, in the little house which was 
remodeled and made over, now occupied by W. M. 
Keck. Uncle Zenas was a soldier in the Mexican war. 
I can not give the date of his death, but likely it was 
in the early sixties. One of his sons, Cyrus, settled 
between Farmington and Yates City. He was a man 
much respected in that community. He accumulated a 
good deal of property. He died full of years with his 
children around him to call him blessed. His widow 
lives in a beautiful home in Yates City. Two of her 
sons, Cyrus and Luther, and two daughters, Mrs. Mat- 
thews and Mrs. Bird, all live on farms of their own 
near Yates City. Amanda Bliss, a daughter of Uncle 
Zenas, married M. M. Blanchard, who came to this 
state with his father, William Blanchard, in 1836. 
Their first home was on the farm now owned by Mr. 
George Adams. At that time the Blanchards all owned 
homes along the road going west from his place, known 
then as "Mud Row," He sold his farm and became one 
of the first merchants of Princeville, forming a partner- 
ship with a Mr. Taylor. The part of the Mrs. Selby 
hotel which extends to the west, if I remember correct- 
ly, is the building once known as the Blanchard & Tay- 
lor general merchandise store. He also built the build- 
ing now owned by Mrs. Shane. It was considered one 
of the best buildings in Princeville. He built it for a 
hotel and post office. Later they moved to the east 
part of town. He was justice of the peace for many 
years. Three of their family are living : Emily Ellis 
of Brimfield, 111. ; Lettie Mitchell of Iowa ; Alonzo, of 


Evanston, 111. The dead are Lillie, Edward and Clara, 
who was Mrs. Wm. Collins of California. 

Abner Bliss, a son of Uncle Zenas, was also one of 
Princeville's early settlers. He married Lydia Miller, 
whose family came to Princeville at an early date. He 
first lived in the northwest part of the township, where 
their children, Fiducia, Albert, Alvin, Emily, Lucy 
and Jane, were born. In the early seventies he pur- 
chased the place two miles northeast of Princeville, now 
owned by John Oertley, He and his wife have been 
dead a number of years. 

One of the daughters of Zenas Bliss married a Mr. 
Fox, who owned the farm now o^wTied by our well 
known citizen, Kichard Dunn. One of Zenas Bliss' 
daughters also married a Mr. Reed, who was one of the 
first settlers on the prairie north of Speer. He after- 
ward moved with his family to southern Missouri, 
where this branch of the family are among its best and 
most successful citizens. Of the eleven children con- 
stituting the family of Zenas Bliss only three are living 
— Amos, Edward and Phineas. Amos and Phineas are 
living in Medford, Oregon. I am not acquainted enough 
with their children to give their names. I only know 
they have families and are scattered in many places. 
Zenas Bliss' family of eleven children all lived to ma- 
ture years. They were well born and well eared for in 
their child life. They were able to take their place 
among the early settlers and do their share in making 
the history of our great country. 

After a residence in Illinois of one year, Zenas Bliss 
wrote to his brother, Henry Bliss, giving him glowing 
accounts of the beauty of its forests and beaches, fertil- 
ity of the soil, of the many people who were coming 
from every part of the East. And so my grandfather, 
the wood chopper, teacher and preacher, with his wife 
and family of six children, Hiram, aged 19, Solomon, 
aged 17, Esther, aged 14, Nancy, aged 12, Betsy, aged 5, 
and Rheuben, aged 3, loaded their few household goods 
on a raft, said good bye to their many relatives and 
friends of western New York, and set their faces 


toward the country of the setting sun. The voyage had 
its dangers, for there were rapids which they must run 
and many a raft had gone to pieces. 

This was not the first time Hiram and Solomon had 
made this dangerous trip. They were possessed of great 
strength and physical endurance. They had spent their 
lives as woodsmen. They were expert swimmers and 
they felt at home in or on the water as well as on dry 
land. They passed down the river into the Ohio, and 
landed their raft safely at Cincinnati, where they dis- 
posed of it. There they took passage on a boat for St. 
Louis, and from there to Peoria, the father and boys 
working for the support of the family. The next year 
they moved to near Southhampton, a town at that time 
three or four miles west of Chillicothe. A man by the 
name of Hammond did the business of the place. My 
father, Solomon Bliss, then a boy of 18, became his clerk. 
The contents of this store would make the present gen- 
eration smile. There was a barrel of New Orleans molas- 
ses, a barrel of New Orleans sugar, a sack of green cof- 
fee, a cask of tea, a barrel of salt, a little pepper, one or 
two sizes of rope, two or three kinds of nails, shot and 
powder, a few pairs of boots, and shoes. Dry goods con- 
sisted of a few calicoes worth at that time 40c per yard. 
I forgot a barrel of whiskey with a tin cup attached, 
a caddy of U. S. Dogleg Navy tobacco. This was the 
place where my father got his first experience in sell- 
ing merchandise. He remained with Hammond about 
one year. His father's family had moved to Blue 
Ridge. His brother Hiram was married in 1840 to 
Jennette Hodges. They had one child, a girl. I remem- 
ber her as a very beautiful young woman, when she and 
her mother visited my father's home when I was a 
child. Since that time we have lost all trace of them. 
Uncle Hiram died in 1857. I know little about him 
except that he was a hard working man and lost his life 
by unnecessary exposure. 

About the year 1840 my father's people made the 
acquaintance of the Wm. Blanchard family of Prince- 
ville. This came about through both of my grandpar- 


ents, who were preachers for the early settlers. Grand- 
father Blanchard's house was large, being a double log 
cabin, where they often held meetings. Ten or fifteen 
miles was not considered a long distance then to go to 
attend church. They would often hold a two days' 
service. The friends from a distance would stay over 
night. It would tax the resources of the people of 
this time to feed and sleep a family of fifteen or twenty 
and then add as many more visitors. I remember a 
story of two hungry boys who were watching the rapid 
disappearance of food from a table surrounded by a 
large company of old settlers. As the custom was, a 
blessing was asked before the beginning of each meal, 
but on this occasion, their being two ministers at the 
table, the host did not wish to show partiality. He 
conceived the happy way out of this dilemma by having 
a blessing asked at both ends of the meal. The two 
boys, who were looking on through a crack in the door, 
said, "By golly, Dick, they're going to commence over 
again. There will be nothing left for us." The early 
settlers' homes were homes of hospitality. They did 
not have delicacies or luxuries, but they had plenty of 
good, clean, well cooked substantial foods, like hominy, 
corn bread, beans, potatoes, ham and eggs. There was 
plenty of wild game. On the lakes and ponds there were 
wild geese and ducks. There was plenty of fish in the 
streams. In the early spring the sky would be dark- 
ened by the great number of wild pigeons as they 
passed on to their hatching grounds farther north. 
Wild hogs roamed the woods. Venison was not at that 
time considered a luxury. Fruits were not common. 
Prince planted apple seed along what was kno\^ai as 
apple row. The people were allowed to help them- 
selves. Canned fruits were unknown. I have often 
thought if the present generation would eat more of the 
coarser foods we would have less use for the pill doctor. 
My grandfather moved, about 1842, this time south 
and west of Monica. The itinerant preacher of that 
time went long distances. The saddle bag which he 
used, and which contained his bible, song book and 


change of linen, were in our home. I remember of see- 
ing them when a small boy. They were a great curiosity 
to me. "With the spinning wheel, and the loom, they 
have disappeared with the generation that used them. 
He buried the dead of the early settlers, united the 
young men and women in holy wedlock, which was not 
easily broken in those days. He preached a pure, sim- 
ple gospel that reached human hearts. Eternity will re- 
veal and surely reward the self-sacrificing devotion of 
men of his kind. 

Esther Bliss, the eldest daughter of my grandfather, 
was 12 years old when they came from New York. 
She has a splendid memory of all that took place on 
the way from the East. At the age of sixteen she was 
united in marriage to Reuben Stowell of Lawn Ridge. 
Mr. Stowell 's family was one of the first settlers in 
that section. They were people intellectual, progressive, 
industrious ; always at the front in every good and 
noble movement. Our respected citizen, Mr. Charles 
Stowell, a nephew of Aunt Esther, is the only one re- 
siding in the old home community. After seven years 
of happy married life, Aunt Esther was left a widow 
with two little boys, Henry and Albert, who grew to 
splendid manhood in this place. They both were volun- 
teers in defense of their country's flag. They were 
engaged in many battles and returned safely home. 
Henry married William Wilson's daughter, a sister of 
the wife of the late Hugh Morrow. Henry was a school 
teacher, farmer and merchant. His family of four 
children grew to be young people in this place. Mrs. 
Stowell and her eldest son, William, died in Kansas. 
He was married the second time to Miss Emma Gilbert, 
a splendid lady, who formerly resided at the home of 
the late Dr. R. F. Henry. Mr. Stowell is following his 
vocation of school teacher in Kansas. Albert was also 
a teacher. For many years he has had charge of the 
Garfield monument. In the year of 1850 Aunt Esther 
was married to John L. Blanchard, oldest son of Wil- 
liam Blanchard. They lived for many years on the 
place now owned by C. W. Fry. In the early sixties 


they moved into Princeville, building the house now 
owned by Joseph Geitner. Uncle John did not sell his 
farm. He was considered a retired farmer. He 
went into business with J. H. Russell in the man- 
ufacture of wagons. He was afterwards in the lum- 
ber and dry goods business. He was a man of more 
than ordinary ability. For many years he was active 
in the Christian church. He was also for many years 
master of Princeville Lodge, No. 360, A. F. and A. M. 
He died full of years, honored and highly respected. 
Uncle John was a widower when he married Aunt 
Esther. He had two children, Wm. Blanchard of Kan- 
sas, and Sarah Andrews, wife of the late Stephen An- 
drews. She now lives in California. To this union were 
born four children : Maria, Charles, John and Horace. 
Maria married Al Wilson of LaFayette, 111. Their chil- 
dren were educated in our schools. They were a high- 
ly respected family. Mr. Wilson was successfully en- 
gaged in the butcher business. He was deputy sheriff, 
and while on duty in this work, contracted a severe 
cold, which finally terminated in death. Maria and her 
mother are now living in California. Charles married 
Ada, a daughter of James Rice, who conducted the 
Arlington hotel and bought stock here for a number of 
years. Charles moved to Creston, Iowa, where he be- 
came a successful farmer, a man who was always at 
the front in every good and noble enterprise. His life 
came to a sudden end by accident while he was at 
work. His wife and children are now living in Canada. 
John L. Blanchard was the companion of my youth. 
Our joys and sorrows were one. We entered the 
Princeville primary school together, where we were 
taught by a Miss Rogers of respected memory. Our 
last teacher was Mr. Wood, or Mr. Bridegroom, I am 
not sure which. John attended school at Marion, Ind., 
and afterwards practiced law in Missouri and Iowa. 
For many years he has been a successful minister of 
the Congregational church. He is noAv preaching at 
Harlan, Iowa. He was married to Miss Bird Battles in 
1881. To this union were born three children, two boys 


and one girl. His wife, daughter and one son have 
died, only one son being left. He is engaged in the 
banking business in Nebraska. 

Horace Blanchard, the youngest son of Aunt Esther, 
married a daughter of J. Benjamin. They have a fam- 
ily of five children and are now living in California. 

Nancy Bliss, second daughter of Henry Bliss, was 
married to Alfred Root of Blue Ridge in 1843. The 
Root family was among the first settlers of Illinois. 
Some of the progeny of the family live near Lawn 
Ridge and Chillicothe. Uncle Alfred was a farmer. 
He moved to Chenoa, 111., where he lived many years. 
Aunt Nancy, now a widow, lives with her daughter 
Alma. Her son Henry is a prosperous farmer living 
near Chenoa. Her daughter, Louisa Stewart, lives at 
Chenoa also. Her oldest son, Lucius, lives at Blooming- 
ton, and her daughter, Henrietta, lives in Missouri. 
Aunt Nancy is 83 years of age. She has a good memory 
of the early days in Illinois. 

Betsy Hill, daughter of Henry Bliss, was born in 
1833. She is among our oldest and best known citizens. 
She was five years old when she came to Peoria County. 
She has lived in this county seventy-three years. A 
man told me that she was the prettiest young lady 
in all the country. He said there were others who had 
the same opinion. This man was her husband, the 
late esteemed and respected Clark Hill of Monica. The 
Hill family were more than early settlers. I think we 
could call them pioneers. They were a large family 
and of no small importance in the making of the his- 
tory of Peoria County. Aunt Betsy has lived on the 
same farm since her marriage. She is the mother of 
seven children, three girls and four boys. The living 
are James, of Ohio ; John, of Oklahoma ; Clara Cook, of 
Wisconsin ; and Milton, who lives on the old farm. The 
dead are Fronia, who was the first wife of George Bel- 
ford ; Nannie, wife of Rev. Stahl of Iowa ; and Wilbur, 
of Monica. Aunt Betsy has been a member of the 
Methodist church of West Princeville and then of Moni- 
ca from its beginning. She makes frequent visits to 


her children and grandchildren. She is greatly loved 
by all who know her. Her health is good and her 
mind clear. She has a good chance of reaching the 
age of her grandmother, who died at 102 years. 

Reuben Bliss, son of Henry Bliss, was three years 
old when the family came to Illinois. He lived with 
my father for a number of years, and died at his home 
at the age of 25 years. 

Solomon Bliss, the second son of Henry Bliss, was 
born in Chautauqua County, New York, March 8th, 
1821. He came to Illinois with his father and imme- 
diately took his place in subduing the new country, 
bringing the soil under cultivation and making a new 
home. He was married to Elizabeth Blanchard, May 15, 
1842. Their first home was a log cabin one-fourth mile 
east of where Patrick 'Conner now lives. The first 
furniture was bought of Bishop Chase. He gave rails 
for it. Money was very scarce, but their wants were 
few and the land yielded plentifully. Neighbors were 
kind and helpful, helping each other in the building 
of their modest homes or the erection of their barns. 
At this time implements of agriculture were rude and 
simple. The grain was reaped with the cradle and the 
hay was cut with the scythe. It took muscles of steel, 
and wills, and a courage which knew no defeat to do 
the hard work they accomplished. My father lived in 
this first cabin eight years. Onias, Ezra and Charles 
were born here. He then bought the land now owned 
by Lawson Lair. This was the first property he owned. 
After improving this place he sold it and bought 
the house now owned by M. L. Sniff. It was a part 
of the hotel and grocery store which my father ran for 
a number of years. It was built where the Z. L. Rice 
store now stands. The lumber in this building was 
hauled from Rock Island. This place was occupied by 
Dr. Charles for many years. Emma, James and Viola 
were born here. My father conducted the hotel and 
grocery here imtil the year 1858, when he moved onto 
the land now owned by the Palmer sisters, on which 
the Taylor coal bank is located. He afterwards bought 


the land extending to the Byrnes estate on the west. 
He improved these lands. At this place the writer 
(John Bliss), and Matilda were born. For twenty 
years this was the Bliss home. My grandfather and 
grandmother made their homes with my father, where 
they lived until their death. My boyhood days were 
full of memories of war and war songs, of battles lost 
and won, of boys in blue home on a furlough. The 
war song which was my favorite was "Rally 'Round 
the Flag, Boys," and I made this more impressive by 
the use of a long stick with a piece of red flannel fast- 
ened on for a flag. This I waved as I sang. Like all 
the rest of the boys, I wanted to go to the war. 

The first harvest machine I remember of seeing was 
in the year 1864 or '65. It w^as a McCormick owned in 
partnership by my father and "Wm. Henry Harrison. 
In good grain 12 men would be necessary to rake, bind 
and place into shocks the grain. Following this, the 
Woods self-rake, which took one man less. Then the 
most wonderful labor saving self binder, with the sav- 
ing of labor of nine men. The first corn I remember 
seeing planted was by marking the ground four feet 
each way. A boy or girl would drop just so many 
grains in each cross. A man would cover them with a 
hoe. Then followed the hand planter. Then the 
Brown horse planter with a boy on the front to pull 
a lever, which dropped corn in the mark. The first 
50 cents for a day's work I ever made was by dropping 
corn for our old remembered friend, "Wm. DeBolt. 
"When I was a boy my father was at his very best. Prices 
were good and live stock was in good demand. It was 
war times. Land values began to rise. Better homes 
were built, new improvements were made and the out- 
look along financial lines was good. About this time 
there was considerable horse stealing in and about 
Princeville. My father was one of the first members 
of the Princeville Thief Detective and Mutual Aid As- 
sociation and at one time captain. "With "Wm. P. Smith, 
R. DeBord, Frank Beall, Wm. Henry Wisenburg, Thom- 
as and Sylvester Slane and many others, he made 


successful captures of thieves, until horse stealing has 
for many years been a thing of the past in this com- 
munity. This Association still exists with an active 
membership of over 100. My father was very active 
in securing the C. R. I. & P. railway through this place. 
He never lost his love for his old home in New York. 
He made frequent visits to his many relatives and 
friends at the old home. 

He went into the drug business with H. E. Burgess 
in 1875. This partnership lasted for a short time. He 
conducted the business alone from that time on for 
many years. The first store occupied a building where 
the David Kinnah meat market now stands. The 
second place was a general store, where the German 
& Friedman hardware store is. He then moved to the 
Dr. Henry block, which was destroyed by fire six 
years ago. 

My mother died in 1878. She had raised to young 
manhood and womanhood eight children. The dead 
are : Rev. Ezra Bliss, a soldier, dying at the age of 
25 ; Emma Burgess, wife of H. E. Burgess, mother of 
Charles, Haller, Irma and Mabel. The living are: 0. 
C. Bliss, Battle Creek, Mich., a soldier of 1861 to the 
close of the war, Rev. Charles Bliss of Peoria, Rev. 
James Bliss of Monica, Viola Hoag, wife of S. S. Hoag, 
Matilda, wife of Frank DeBord, and the writer, J. F. 
Bliss of Princeville. 

My father was married the second time to Mrs. "Wm. 
Lair/ My father died at his home in Princeville in 
1896. He was honest, brave and true. He loved chil- 
dren. He did his part in making this splendid country. 
He died surrounded by loving hearts who hold him in 
fond remembrance. 

"Thrust in thy sharp sickle and gather the clusters of the 
vine of the earth; for her grapes are fully ripe." Rev. XIV: 18. 



By Daniel J. Colgan and Mrs. Margaret Colgan Cahill, 


This family of six brothers and a sister were born 
to Francis and Mary Campbell Colgan at Kilkeel, Coun- 
ty Down, Ireland. Edward the eldest son, born Jan, 
12, 1828, came to America in August, 1848, and located 
at New Orleans. Michael, born in August, 1830, landed 
at New Orleans in the spring of 1851, and John born 
near Christmas, 1831, came in 1854. All of these broth- 
ers came to Stark Co., 111., Edward first in 1849, Ber- 
nard, Thomas, Francis, Mary F, (the baby) and their 
mother came to America later, as noted hereafter. 

Edward Colgan kept post office in the days of the 
stage coach, at his home near site of the present Town 
House in Valley Township. Besides being one of the 
leading farmers of his time he held the office of super- 
visor for a number of years, also Justice of the Peace. 
Pie was familiarly known as ' ' Squire Colgan. ' ' In 1853 
he married Miss Drusella Marlatt. To them were born 
nine children : Francis B. of Dunlap, 111. ; Mrs. Clara 
Traphagan, McCook, Nebr. ; Mrs. Ellen Heagney, 
Cheyenne, AVyo. ; Bernard of Arkansas ; George of 
Grafton, Nebr. ; Mrs. Jennie Moran, Mrs. Sadie Kelly 
and Mrs. Anna Kelly of Wyoming, 111. ; and Mrs. Rose 
Mclntyre (deceased). Squire Colgan died July 19, 

Michael after working at $8 per month on the farm 
of James Jackson and breaking prairie with an ox 
team, returned to Ireland in 1856 and was there mar- 
ried to Mary Dymond in February, 1857, In May, 1857, 
he and his wife arrived at Stark County, settling on a 
farm in Valley Township. Here they remained till the 
year 1864 when they moved to a farm in Essex Town- 
ship ; and in the spring of 1888 they moved to the pres- 
ent home at Wyoming. His wife died January 26, 
1894, and he died February 12, 1915. They were the 


parents of ten children : John M., Frank M., Mary M., 
Edward M., Thomas M., Jane, Anna, James, William, 
and Margaret, all of whom live in Wyoming and vicin- 

John Colgan, commonly known as "Cobbler John," 
came by stage from Peoria and opened a shoe shop on 
the lot where the Wyoming High School Building now 
stands. In 1861 he married Marie Goldsbury and to 
them were born eleven children. Two died in infancy, 
and Wm. H. and Ellen T. died about 1905. Those liv- 
ing are, Sister Mary Suso, Oakland, Cal. ; Rev. Edward 
J., British Honduras; Frank P., Alma, Neb.; Mrs. Katie 
Cox, John T., Bernard P. and Daniel J. still in Stark 
County. John Colgan died April 7, 1892. 

Bernard Colgan, born 1836, came to America via 
New York in 1856 and settled in Stark County. In 
1867 he married Anne Sloan, and to them were born 
nine children : Francis, of Bradford, Edward now in 
Kansas, James, Mary, John, Bernard, and Margaret 
Kelly living in Stark County, and Rose and an infant 
deceased. Bernard Colgan is now a retired farmer, liv- 
ing in Wyoming, 111. 

Thomas Colgan was born in Ireland in 1840, came to 
America in 1860, settled in Stark County, 111., and on 
August 4th, 1872 married Annie Ferron. To them nine 
children were born, the living being Frank, Michael, 
Thomas, James, Mary and Rose of Augusta, Kansas 
and Edward G. of Stark County, 111. Thomas Colgan 
sold his farm here and moved to Kansas in 1895, where 
he still resides. 

Francis Colgan, the youngest of the brothers w^as 
born in May, 1843, and came to America in April, 1870. 
He settled in Stark County and on April 5th, 1877 
married Mary Sloan. They had no children. In 1877 
he moved to Hoopeston, 111. where he still lives, being 
a retired farmer, and large land owner. 

Mary F. Colgan, the baby of the family, came to 
America in May, 1843 with the mother of the boys and 
Francis. She has lived in Stark County which place 


is still her home, although she has been living a part 
of the time at Augusta, Kansas. 

It may be stated that all of these brothers came 
from Ireland with very little money, the oldest coming 
first and then sending for the next oldest. They in 
turn saved their money and kept on until the whole fam- 
ily was here. They were very industrious and prosper- 
ous and all acquired a great amount of the Stark Coun- 
ty valley land. 

By P. B. Colwell, 1914. 

In the fall of the year 1836, the brothers Henry and 
Presley Colwell and their wives came to Illinois from 
their native place in Ross County, Ohio, and settled in 
what is now Essex township, then a part of Putnam 
County. The following year their father, Thomas Col- 
well, and the rest of their brothers and sisters came 
from their home in Ohio and settled in the vicinity. 

Henry and Presley Colwell lived the first winter in 
a log cabin on section 15, Essex township on land now 
owned by William Cornall, near the place where was 
made the first settlement in Stark County by Isaac B. 
Essex in 1829, and near where the first school house in 
Stark County was built in 1831. 

In 1837 Presley Colwell moved to section 21 in Es- 
sex township where he had bought land, and Avhere he 
lived until the fall of 1868, when he sold out and moved 
to Nodaway County, Missouri. He died at his home 
there a few years later. 

In the fall of 1838 Henry Colwell moved to a farm 
which he had bought in section 30 in Essex township, 
where he lived for a number of years, or until he 
traded farms with John Martindale, wherebj^ he be- 
came the owner of the southwest quarter of section 29 
in Essex township. This farm is known as the old 
Henry Colwell homestead. It is still owned by Henry 
Colwell 's heirs. 


Henry Colwell was closely connected with the 
growth and development of Stark County. He very early 
knew the need of education. Besides being greatly in- 
terested in the common schools of his township, with 
a number of others he contributed liberally to the build- 
ing of Lombard University in Galesburg, Illinois. The 
Colwell family still holds a scholarship in that institu- 
tion as a recompense for the money contributed by Mr, 
Colwell. Mr. Colwell 's son George was one of the first 
enrolled as a student in the University. 

Henry Colwell had a very large acquaintance 
throughout the surrounding country, as he was one of 
the first auctioneers in Stark County, and the only one 
for many miles around. He was one of the County's 
foremost men in agriculture. He with others organized 
the Stark County Agricultural Society in 1853, which 
held successful fairs in Toulon for more than thirty 
years, doing much good in the advancement of agricul- 
ture in the county. Mr. Colwell filled the office of 
President of the Society for several years with credit 
to himself and a benefit to the society. Mr. Colwell also 
held several offices in his township and creditably per- 
formed the duties required of him. He was supervisor 
of Essex Township during the time the railroads were 
built in Stark County. 

Mr. Colwell was one of those early pioneers who 
had the experience of hauling their grain to the Chicago 
market. Even when doing so it was impossible to get 
any money for their grain. They could only trade it 
for the actual needs of life, such as sugar, salt, sole 
leather, etc. 

Mr. Colwell was one of the leading stock men of 
Stark County for a great many years, buying, selling 
and shipping stock of all kinds at all times. Before 
the railroads came to Stark County he would buy stock 
and either drive to Kewanee or to Chillicothe and ship 
from those places to Chicago. 

Like many of his neighboring pioneers Mr. Colwell 
was able to meet disappointments, and do all in his 
power to overcome them. He met with many disap- 


pointments and misfortunes, the greatest of which was 
no doubt the death of his first wife, leaving him with 
six small children for whom to care. Afterwards Mr. 
Colwell married Clarinda Eby and to them were born 
thirteen children. 

Mr. Colwell 's first wife was Elizabeth Dawson of 
Hocking County, Ohio. She died in 1847, aged thirty- 
three years. His second wife died in 1880, aged fifty- 
one years. Henry Colwell was born in Eoss County, 
Ohio, April 20, 1813, and died in Toulon, 111., March 4, 
1900, being in his 87th year. 

Of Henry Colwell's large family of nineteen chil- 
dren, all lived to manhood and womanhood except one 
died in infancy. Of this large family several are now 
dead. The living at this writing are Mrs. Mary Nicho- 
las of Osborn, Missouri ; Mrs. John McGregor of Grand 
Junction, Iowa ; Mrs. E. A. Trimmer of Perry, Iowa ; 
Marvin M. ; Mrs. M. B. Trickle, Lillie and Ollie of Tou- 
lon; Day of West Jersey; P. B. of Wyoming; Jennie of 

It is interesting to note the inter-marriages of this 
large family. Two of the sons, George and Miles, mar- 
ried Sarah and Amanda Barr of Essex township ; John 
married Almira Fast of Essex township ; Marvin mar- 
ried Mary Kendig of Naperville, 111. ; Day married first 
Addie De Lent of Beaver Dam, Wisconsin, second 
Maggie Dryden of West Jersey; P. B. married Cecillia 
Burns of Princeville ; Douglas married Maggie Selby of 
Princeville. Two of the daughters, Alcinda and Mary, 
married Joab and Thomas Nicholas of Essex township ; 
Martha married John McGregor of Monica ; Anna mar- 
ried E. A. Trimmer of Essex township ; Sarah married 
M. B. Trickle of Essex township. Nearly all of these 
marriages were into the early families of the south 
part of Stark County and adjoining toAvnships. 



Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Pelham, N. H., and Princeville, 


By Charles Forrest Cutter. 

Dear fellow-members of the 0. S. U. P. V. : 

Even longer, I believe, than you have been puzzled 
by my delay in preparing a sketch of father's and 
mother's Princeville career, have I been puzzled by the 
difficulties of the task; my own incapacity, still more 
my reluctance to give public expression to a son's es- 
timate of their qualities and unique experiences; for 
they unquestionably were a "marked" couple among 
the first settlers of Prince's Grove. It is, then, by a 
sort of heart compulsion that, since no other accepts 
the task, I send my own poor attempt to meet the 
needs of this volume of Princeville history. 

If Dr. Charles Cutter, born June 18th, 1814 at Pel- 
ham, N. H., of Phillips Academy, Andover Theological 
Seminary, and graduate, 1843, of Harvard Medical 
School (just one year old on Waterloo day) and Olive 
Lovejoy Noyes, his wife, of "Windham, N, H., of Ips- 
wich, and a teacher in the famous Abbot Academy, 
Andover, Massachusetts — if, I say, father and mother 
had lived till the exact date stamped on your circular 
about the 0. S. U. P. V. History, June 18th, 1912, he 
would have entered upon his 99th year and she would 
have been ninety-six, practically including the century 
of all Amierica's development west of the Alleghenies. 
Not in all respects did father and mother, with Aunt 
Hannah Cutter Breese, wife of the first Presbyterian 
pastor, and Aunt Clarissa Cutter Colburn, differ from 
the rest of the pioneer community gathered, in the 
second quarter of the nineteenth century, about Prince 's 
Grove. Long journeys from the East, with discomforts 
and novelty of travel, housing, food, clothing, educa- 
tional and religious privileges, were shared by all pio- 


neers, with the variety of grave and gay incident well 
illustrated in the historical sketches already furnished. 
True, Dr. Cutter was a professional man, for a long 
time the only thoroughly scientific physician and sur- 
geon within many miles. Both he and mother had had 
exceptional school privileges ; and he remained a de- 
voted student of nature, botany, geology and kindred 
subjects, as well as a musician. The dictionary, con- 
cordance, atlas and text books were constantly in use 
in our home, and there was generally a hymn played 
as well as sung at family prayers. Though dear Mrs. 
Morrow, the mother of "forty feet of boys," did threat- 
en, "If Doc. Cutter brings his big fiddle to meeting, 
I'll jump on it," still after he dared her and played 
the rich-toned cello she declared "it said Amen as 
plain as anybody": so there were no uncompromisable 
differences in the ordinary affairs of life. 

Essentially it was resistance to usurpation of au- 
thority — that for which America was, is and, let us 
hope, ever shall be, the great example to the 
world — that drew this young couple, with cousin Adna 
Colburn and my two-year old sister, Olivia, from Bos- 
ton privileges and promising professional prospects 
(father was already much in demand in the Massachu- 
setts General Hospital) to the tedious journey and the 
trying, as facts proved, dangerous, pioneer life of Illi- 

"Strange coincidence," are you saying, dear 
friends ? 

No. That, 300 years after the first Cutter family of 
New England declared independence of ecclesiastical 
legalism, and resentment of political usurpation by 
breaking away from this Northumbrian home, braving 
the terrors of ocean and the hardships of a New "World, 
your letter has reached on Tyneside the last Princeville 
Cutter, builder 1905-6, in honor of such parents and an- 
cestry, and for the delight of friends, of the neAV log 
cabin where 0. S. V. P. V. was born, is neither mere 
coincidence nor strange. It is consistent, logical devel- 
opment of traits of character which marked the pilgrim 


and have made the United States a new nation, in the 
judgment of recent historians a new race, as distinct as 
a new lan^iage from the ancient, long-retarded peo- 
ples of Great Britain in particular, and of Europe in 

Just herein, for six years, since Old Settler Histories 
were proposed and I was asked to contribute, since 
your kind remonstrance last year with my delay, has 
lain the difficulty, the struggle in my own heart against 
even the analysis necessary to differentiate between the 
Cutter family and others, still more against my expres- 
sion of it in print. I cannot tell the story of how that 
spirit, stirring since long before 1600 in father's North- 
umbrian non-conformist, and even at the battle of Hast- 
ings, in mother's Norman Huguenot blood, differen- 
tiates us, myself no less than those of centuries 
ago from neighbors in the Reformation period, in the 
Abolitionist struggle, the free silver fight, the pension 
swindles. Parcels Post reform, and last but not least the 
present "Protection" issue. 

Nor was there generally in everyday intercourse, 
or the general promotion of the community interests, 
schools, literature, temperance, loyalty to law, the 
ready spirit of helpfulness, special devotion to religious 
interests, as shown in the building of the church and in 
the practise of holding Bible classes, Sunday services, 
and singing schools all over these prairies (I think 
father must have at different times held some of these 
exercises in twenty places between Lawn Ridge, French 
Grove and West Jersey), any discordant note. In 
these and most respects father and mother (Aunt Han- 
nah died early, and Aunt Clarissa moved away) were a 
beloved part of this close-knit, pioneer, mutually help- 
ful band. The same old log cabin housed them and my 
sister for their first year, there the same ague shook 
him till the door latch rattled, the same giui brought 
down prairie chickens till mother and neighbors had to 
say "Enough," his dog even hunted for his neighbors; 
the big upstairs room in my birthplace was the school 
room for Princeville children, his garden (it was un- 


usual) furnished often other tables than his own, my 
mother's nursing skill was such that almost all the 
babies of the community smiled or cried first of all in 
her arms. 

It is not as regards these and multitudinous com- 
monplaces of life that I have been so long reluctant to 
write of the family, or unable to find another to write, 
but because for years, years of supreme importance to 
individuals, the community and the nation, my father 
was a marked man and my mother the heroine of many 
a face to face conflict, not only with the political issue 
of the time, but with the greater number of immediate 
acquaintances living near. 

Before coming West father was devoted to the cause 
of the slave, and had become associated with that man, 
who, then alone, despised and persecuted, is now hon- 
ored throughout the world, William Lloyd Garrison. 
The "Border" troubles and the "Free Soil" struggle 
had been strong forces in drawing him toward Kansas 
or Illinois, and when with one other Princeville man, 
"Squire" Stevens, he dared to vote the "Free Soil" 
ticket, antagonism at once made itself felt in many 
troublesome ways. Still more did his success in the 
protection of Negroes on their way to Canada for free- 
dom from slavery just across the State line subject him 
to open attack and injury. But I will not enlarge upon 
this subject, ruinous as it was. I have never (at least 
since a child's timidity kept me in a state of terror be- 
fore cerain leaders of mobs and false accusers of my 
parents) never entertained resentment of any sort over 
the conflict into which I was born. Far more has my 
heart rejoiced over the fact that so soon and complete- 
ly was that hostility to my father exchanged for rever- 
ent regard as shown at the time of his early death in 
1869, when the whole community followed him to the 
last earthly sleeping place of his body. And this will 
make it easier to understand the marvelous and lasting 
personal delight that everywhere about his old haunts, 
scenes of his work, his professional services, and his 
Christian ministrations — just about covering the terri- 


tory of the 0. S. U. P. V., for we lived three years at 
Rochester, and he was often in charge of services in 
Lawn Ridge and West Jersey, French Grove, Toulon, 
Wyoming and Galva — everywhere the only son of the 
once mobbed and threatened Abolitionist has met cor- 
dial, even loving hospitality, and been the heir of hu- 
man affection for his parents' sake. 

More space should be given to mother's courageous 
companionship and general usefulness, as well as to 
others from Dr. Cutter's New England home, that 
grand old granite, pine-clad, brook-fed farm and home- 
stead on Mammoth Road, seven miles north of Lowell, 
Massachusetts, 150 years the nest of creditable Cutters 
scattered all over the States. But of mother let this 
highest tribute be paid, that in her last talk before 
bidding final goodbye to her only remaining child, 
often recounting privations and dangers of the ear- 
lier days she said, "Charlie, I would gladly go through 
it all again if I could only have your father with me." 
Olivia Cutter (Warne) the only daughter, born in 
Boston, showed the same spirit of patriotism and love 
for others; conspicuous in her following her wounded 
soldier husband back to the front at Vicksburg, and 
later helping as army nurse to bring back up the Mis- 
sissippi a boatload of wounded soldiers. 

More than a score of valuable additions to the 0. S. 
U. P. V. district were drawn during the earlier years 
from Eastern homes to the Cutter fireside — the house 
still standing in the Northwest corner of the town, one 
of the very first framed buildings, planed lumber for 
which was carted from Chicago — names elsewhere men- 
tioned in these volumes. Mrs. Esther (Cutter) Auten, 
and Mrs. Maria L. (Cutter) Auten, sisters, both since 
girlhood have identified themselves closely with the 
welfare of Princeville, and through their two splendid 
groups of children, and grandchildren, carry on in 
happier and larger measure the spirit of service, of 
progress, of worthy ideals that build up the neighbor- 
hood and strengthen our race and nation. Let my 
birthplace be remembered as a station on the "Under- 
Ground Railroad." 


Persistence of family type is shown in one or two 
other remarkable ways, in addition to the spirit, the 
tastes and disposition already mentioned. Since the 
time that a Dr. Cutter was Surgeon General to the East- 
ern Department of the Army of the Revolution there 
have constantly been skillful surgeons in the family; 
some quite distinguished, as the aged Dr. Ephraim Cut- 
ter, formerly of New York, and the present already no- 
table head of the profession in Lawrence, Massachu- 
setts, Dr. Arthur Hardy Cutter. Some literary skill, 
too, may be mentioned, as the famous poem "The Song 
of Steam. ' ' The great librarian Cutter, of Boston, ren- 
dered service of inestimable value in making literature 
accessible. But, perhaps the most striking item of 
hereditary traits is in the matter of physique, quite 
startlingly showai in likenesses between men of Cutter 
blood now living here in Northumbria and men of the 
New England branch. To establish the kinship one 
must go back 300 years to the time w'hen that mother 
and two children left Tyneside for the land of liberty, 
and come down 300 more to make the comparison 
complete. Several ancient Parish Registers here have 
Cutter entries from the start in the 16th Century, but I 
was faced by a young Northumbrian here one day on 
the coast of the North Sea, whose face was so aston- 
ishingly like my own, that I instinctively burst out 
Avith tlie exclamation 'I'll bet you, sir, your name is the 
same as mine." To the amazement of bystanders who 
knew we had never had a shadow of knowledge of each 
other's existence, he declared, "My name, sir, is Cut- 

Dates, portraits, Coat of Arms, Family Genealogy 
of the whole American tribe of Cutters descended from 
that Tyneside mother and two sons (paralleled by Par- 
ish Registers begun by Henry VHI in many parts of 
England, and by Cutters in London. Cheshire, and else- 
where), her will, citations from Northumbrian records, 
and a w^hole volume of details, wnth some thousands of 
Cutter names, may be found in : 


A History of the Cutter Family 
OF New England 
Published 1871, by Dr. Benjamin Cutter of 
"Woburn, Massachusetts. Revised and enlarged 1875 by 
Wm. R. Cutter. David Clapp & Sons, Printers, Boston. 
A copy of this veork, said by critics in the N. Y. 
Nation to be one of the best genealogies yet done in 
America, should be found in a Princeville Library, to 
which I wish to be permitted soon to contribute. Amer- 
ica needs more and better scholars of her own. 

I am constantly running upon dear names of other 
Princeville families this side the Atlantic : Wear, of 
ancient Hexham, sends his engines past our gate on the 
great Durham Road. I have a lovely postcard of the 
town and castle of Slane. There's a Walliker St. in 
Hull. Wame is of ducal origin before de Warenne 
helped William the Conqueror, and earlier still 
O'Neill's were Kings of the land that furnished our 
wonderful Mountaineers. 

May the spiritual forces that brought me back to 
Northumbria to witness, even to suffer from, the revolt- 
ing dying spasms of that same spirit of ecclesiastical 
pride and legalism that drove America's noblest west- 
ward across the sea, still animate and inspire my be- 
loved townspeople and all who read this poor attempt 
to state the character and doings of our grand pioneer 
parents. Lovingly, Charles Forrest Cutter, 

(Phillips Academy, 1869 and '71 
Yale University, 1875 
Columbia Law School, 1878 
Union Theological Seminary, 1887 
Booksellers' League, Manhattan 
Congregational Association 
Presbyterian Union of New York 
Fulton St. Noon Prayer 
Meeting 1893-1902 
O. S. U. P. v., 1906) 
Dated, Fountain Cottage, 
Durham Road, Low Fell, 
near Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 
Independence Day, 1912. 


By Lillie M. Little, 1914. 

James Harrison the son of Robert and Elizabeth 
Harrison, was bom in Pocklington. Yorkshire, England, 
March 27th, 1809. ^\nien about six years of age his 
mother died and about two years later his father mar- 
ried again. In the year 1822 he came with his father 
and stepmother to America. They crossed the ocean on 
the boat Fair Trader; were about nine weeks and three 
days making the trip. 

When they arrived here they settled in Hampshire 
Count.y, Va. James Harrison had three sisters, Hannah, 
Ann, and Harriet, also three brothers. Henry, Isaac 
and Richard. He was a blacksmith by trade, as were 
his father and grandfather. 

In the year 1832, September 13th, he was married to 
Susan Mary Evans in Berkeley County, Va. In April, 
1834, they with their one child started to the State of 
Illinois in a one-horse carry-all. having twenty-five dol- 
lars in money, and what clothing, household goods etc. 
they could bring with them. 

They arrived in Illinois July 25th, 1834. When they 
crossed the Illinois river at Peoria, which was then a 
small village, they had fifty cents in money and such 
other of their belongings as had not been disposed of 
on the way. They first settled at the forks of the Kick- 
apoo Creek, Peoria County, and lived there about two 
years, moved from there to Prairie Grove directly 
west of where Brimfield is now located, and lived there 
about two years. On April 1st, 1838, they moved to 
what was known at that time as the Prairie which was 
south of Princeville. and rented the northwest quarter 
of Section 31, Akron To^^mship from W. C. Stevens and 
John ]MorroAV. They remained there, farming, running 
grist mill, saw mill, and doing blacksmith work until 
he was the owner of this as well as other farms in this 


He was an earnest member of the M. E. church and 
a great bible student. For pastime his children often 
misread verses of scripture which he could always quote 
correctly. He had practically no schooling, perhaps not 
attending school more than one hundred days. He how- 
ever acquired considerable education from the study 
of the bible and almanac when he had leisure time 
during working hours. 

In the year 1840, October 6th, they started on a 
visit to Virginia traveling with team and wagon which 
was the chief mode of travel at that time. They were 
about one month going, one month there, and returned 
on the 28th day of December of the same year. 

They were the parents of eleven children, all living 
to be adults excepting Frances M. Their first-born was 
John Richard born June 25th, 1833, who died at his 
home in Dunlap, 111., March 10th, 1911. He lived a 
long useful life and raised a large family of children, 
who with his widow, mourn his loss. 

Robert William was born December 13th, 1834, died 
at his home near Princeville, August 8th, 1890. He too 
raised a large family and is survived by his widow and 
children, most of them living in or near Princeville. 

Harriet Elizabeth was born February 8th, 1837, 
died at her home in Peoria, March 22nd, 1913. She is 
survived by her two children, now living at the old 
home in Peoria, her husband John W. Little and two 
children having preceded her to the home beyond. 

Frances Mary was born October 26th, 1838, died 
October 15th, 1849. 

Absalom was bom July 17th, 1841, is now living 
with his family on the farm in Radnor Township where 
he first started housekeeping when married over fifty 
years ago. 

Ira David was born April 1st, 1843, and died at his 
home near Macksburg, Iowa, November 28th, 1911. He 
is survived by his three children, his wife having passed 
away some years ago. 


Ruth was born November 18th, 1844, and died at 
her home in Iowa, July 5th, 1871. She is survived by 
her husband, Aaron Moffit, and two daughters. 

Aaron James was born March 18th, 1847, and is 
living with his family in Henry, 111. Paul Henry was 
born August 1st, 1849, and died at his home in Ala- 
bama, January 18, 1902. He is survived by his widow 
and two children. Susan Ellen Harrison, now Gregory, 
was born November 19th, 1852, and lives at her home 
near Ralston, Iowa. Jesse Fremont was born January 
28th, 1856, and lives near Viales, Colorado. He has a 
wife and one child. 

February 26th, 1866, the parents moved to Henry, 
111., where they remained until they were called to 
their home beyond. Susan Mary Harrison, the wife 
died February 20th, 1878, preceding Mr. Harrison about 
four years. James Harrison died August 16th, 1882; 
and they are buried in the cemetery at Henry, 111. 

By Odillon B. Slane, 1913. 

In the early 40 's, when the "Erie Division of the 
Pennsylvania Canal" was completed through Crawford 
County, Pa., sickness and death followed in its wake. 
Among those who fell a prey to fevers and ague was 
the family of Colonel James Henry through whose farm 
the canal was built. To escape the ravages of dis- 
ease Col. Henry sold his home and moved his family to 
Illinois, arriving at Princeville in 1850. 

James Henry was born on Thanksgiving Day, 1783, 
in Fayette County, Pa., and died at Princeville, 111., Feb, 
24, 1867. Little is known of his parentage — save that 
his father was of Irish birth. It seemed his delight to 
recall the fact that he was born the same year that 
Cornwallis surrendered at Yorktown — the same year, 
also, that Washington resigned his commission as Com- 


mander-in-Chief of the armies of the Revolution. He 
was one year old when Virginia ceded the Illinois coun- 
try to the Continental Congress. On Feb. 16, 1812, he 
was married to Fanny McMaster, who was born in 
Ireland, Feb. 25, 1794, and who emigrated to America 
when she was 9 years old. She died April 13, 1882. 
Soon after his marriage Col. Henry enlisted as a pri- 
vate in the Second War with Great Britain, but a 
severe attack of rheumatism compelled him to quit the 
field and return to private life. He was a Colonel of 
the state militia for a number of years; was otherwise 
prominent in public life, and for three terms repre- 
sented his district in the state legislature. 

Children born to James and Fanny Henry: Jane, 
born March 6, 1813, married to Peter F. Patton, March 
3, 183-4, died March 16, 1883; Joseph, born August 2, 
1814, married to Nancy Patterson, March 6, 1836, died 
August 14, 1875 ; John Smith, born March 8, 1817, died 
August, 1820 ; William C, born April 11, 1819, married 
to Sarah A. Duncan, September 28, 1854, died April 
22, 1894 ; John M., born May 10, 1821, married to Julia 
M. Moody, December 31, 1851', died May 11, 1891; 
James M., born May 3, 1823, married to Martha Ready, 
May 27, 1847, died May 25, 1878; Sarah, born April 
1, 1825, married to Benjamin F. Slane, Jan. 6, 1853. 
(See history of the Slane family, Vol. 1.) Robert F. 
(Dr. Henry), born Feb. 28, 1827, married to Nancy 
Lucas, 1855, died July 2, 1903 ; Hugh A., born Jan. 24, 
1829, married to IMargaretta Yates, March 19, 1857, died 
Feb. 18, 1865; Smith H., born Dec. 9, 1830, died Aug. 
9, 1831 ; Milton A., born Jan. 8, 1832, married to Matil- 
da McCutchon, spring of 1862, died at Modesto, Cali- 
fornia, April 30, 1901 ; Mary, born Sept. 18, 1834, died 
Nov. 18, 1835. 

Three of the sons, William, John and Robert, 
preceded their parents to Illinois several years ; 
William was a carpenter and contractor in Peoria, and 
John worked with his brother several years before he 
took up farming as a permanent occupation. Six chil- 


dren were born to TVilliam and Sarah Henry, only one 
of whom is now living. — George E., a traveling sales- 
man residing in Des Moines, Iowa. 

In July, 1849, John Henry was helping to harvest 
wheat for Clussman who lived north of Princeville on 
the farm now owned by Mrs. Dickinson. The small pox 
broke out in the Clussman family, and Henry Clussman, 
John Henry and John MeGinnis took it. It was brought 
there by a cousin of the Clussman 's, Samuel Millard, a 
planter from Alabama who was visiting them. They 
did not know at first that it was small pox. John 
Henry got sick in the harvest field and walked to 
Princeville l^/o miles and went to the hotel kept by 
Hitchcock & Kowley. When it was found out that he 
had the small pox, they would not' let him stay at the 
hotel and he was taken back to Clussman 's. He had 
it very bad and it was thought that he would die. His 
brother Robert (Dr. Henry) staid by his bedside night 
and day, nursing him through it all. The pajn was so 
intense at times, and he suffered so, that he begged the 
doctor to give him something that would forever end 
his agony. He and the other sick ones finally recov- 
ered. Grateful hearts never ceased paying a tribute 
to Auntie Clussman and Grandma ^MeGinnis for their 
kindness and sympathy during the long weeks of suffer- 
ing. In the meantime John Henry had purchased the 
northwest quarter of Section 14, Princeville Twp., 
where Bruce Henry now lives. A brick house was 
built upon it, and John and Hugh broke and fenced the 
land. This farm still remains in possession of John 
Henry's family. 

There were 10 children in the family of John and 
Julia Henry, six of whom are living. They are Albert 
G., residing at Houston. Texas; Bruce E., living on 
the old home farm two miles northwest of Princeville ; 
Maria and Julia Elizabeth with their aged mother in 
Princeville ; Mary Blanche (Mrs. Stark Sheelor) ; Sarah 
Ursula (Mrs. Wm. Cornish). Children of this family 
who are dead are Carlisle A., Emily C, Sherman T. and 


Mabel C. Sherman T. Henry and his young wife were 
both killed Oct. 4, 1910, near Staunton, Illinois in a 
wreck on the interurban railroad, a terrible disaster in 
which thirty-seven lives were lost. John Henry led an 
upright Christian life ; was a lifelong member of the 
Presbyterian church ; in politics a democrat ; school 
treasurer of Priuceville Township for ten consecutive 

Dr. Robert F. Henry began to study medicine in 
Pennsylvania. When a lad 18 years old, after three 
years of private study he took a course in medicine at 
Rush Medical College, Chicago, where he graduated in 
1853. He located in Princeville and for 50 years prac- 
ticed medicine in this vicinity. As one biographer has 
said: "The pioneer physician needed to be a man of 
consecrated energy, for his patients were often many 
miles away. The country was wild, and thinly settled, 
and as no trained help was to be had in the sick room, 
the doctor's resourcefulness met these conditions suc- 
cessfully." In 1855, Dr. Henry went back to Pennsyl- 
vania to get married. (See above). Returning to 
Princeville with his wife they made this their home. 
Children born to Dr. and Nancy Henry were : Howard 
Henry who still lives at the old Henry homestead in 
Princeville, which is occupied by the family of Edgar 
P. Slane with whom he resides ; Herman L., Mary Etta, 
Alison, Laura, Grace (Mrs. Chas. Cheesman) Fannie, 
and Willard. All are dead except Howard. Dr. Henry 
united with the Presbyterian church in 1858. In 1860 
he was elected Ruling Elder, which office he held the 
remainder of his life. He was often sent as a delegate 
to the synod, and was twice a representative to the Gen- 
eral Assembly at Baltimore and Pittsburg. He was ac- 
tive in Sunday School work, a great temperance advo- 
cate, and was the first president of the Village board. 

Hugh Andrew Henry, after his marriage in 1857, 
took up his residence on the southwest quarter of Sec- 
tion 11, Princeville Township. His farm was directly 
across the road north from his brother John's home. 


Here he lived until his death in 1865, from a sudden at- 
tack of pleurisy, brought on by exposure in attending 
the funeral of his father-in-law. The farm is still 
owned by the family, and is occupied by Silas Willard, 
a grandson. Children born to Hugh and Margaretta 
Henry: Robert Cameron, Ideletta (^Irs. Lampe, Oma- 
ha, Nebr.), Sara Frances, Stella Grace (Mrs. Dr. Al- 
yea). The mother now lives with her daughter Mrs. 
Lampe, and besides them Mrs. Dr. Alyea is the only 
member of the family now living. In point of charac- 
ter, Hugh Henry was a man of strict integrity, of high 
moral worth and a devoted member of the Presbyterian 
church. He adhered to the old custom of family 
prayers, and in all things he and his family led an up- 
right Christian life. 

Milton A. Henry broke prairie for several years 
after coming to Illinois, but soon after his marriage to 
Matilda McCutchon he began his residence on the north 
half of the southwest quarter of Section 25, but sold his 
farm in a few years and moved to Iowa. After a num- 
ber of years he again sold his farm and went to Modes- 
to, Cal., where he died in 1901. 

When James Henry and family first arrived at 
Princeville, they found no vacant houses to rent so had 
to take up quarters at the hotel kept by Hitchcock & 
Rowley. They afterward secured two small rooms in 
Seth Fulton's house. Here the parents with their 
daughter Sarah lived, while the boys, Hugh and Milton 
camped around among the neighbors who were always 
hospitable in those days. At last the Slane's finished 
a house they were building, and rented it to the 
Henry's. This is the house now o^Amed by Mrs. Fry, 
across the street from Dr. Henry's old home. After 
Sarah had married Benjamin F. Slane and moved to 
their farm two and one-half miles southwest of Prince- 
ville, the father and mother went to live with them, and 
spent the remaining years of life with them. During 
former years in Pennsylvania, Col. James Henry and 
wife were active members of the Presbyterian ( U. P.) 


Church, and in all cases, where their children had 
church affiliations it was with this same religious faith. 
The Bible, as they interpreted it, was the rule and guide 
of their faith, and the writer recalls how Grandmother 
Henry, old as she was, and blind for a quarter of a cen- 
tury, would quote scriptural references by the hour, 
often taking issue with ministers even, as well as others 
who were familiar with doctrinal questions. 

In the closing of life's chapter we note a strange 
coincidence in the Henry family. Howard is the last 
survivor of his family, George Edwin is the last sur- 
vivor of his family, and Sarah (Henry) Slane is the 
last survivor of her family. The latter, at this writing 
has passed her 88th birthday. This mother, grand- 
mother and great-grandmother — "The last leaf upon 
the tree" as it were, approaches the golden sunset of a 
quiet life surrounded by the halo of peace, joy and 
contentment, consequent upon a Christian faith long 
cherished from the years of her childhood. 


By Leverett Mansfield, 1914. 

A genealogy of the Mansfield family, compiled and 
published in 1885 by H. Mansfield, of New Haven, 
Conn., states that Edward Mansfield, the subject of 
this sketch, is a descendant of Richard Mansfield, who 
came from Exeter, Devonshire, England, and was one 
of the first settlers of New Haven, and ancestor of 
about all of the Mansfields in Connecticut, and most of 
those in New York State and in several of the Western 
and Southern states. 

The parents of Edward Mansfield, Leverett Mans- 
field and Sarah Sanford, were born and raised in New 


Haven Connty, Conn., were married Feb. 23, 1806, 
and moved to Esperanee, Schoharie County, New York, 
where all the family of nine children were born, except 
Edward, the youngest who was born in Schenectady, 
New York, August 8. 1826. The other children were 
in order of birth, Eliza, Jeannett, Stiles, Angeline, Hen- 
ry, Maryett, John and Leverett. Henry was the well 
known and successful Henry Mansfield of Peoria. 

An incident in Edward Mansfield's school days in 
Schenectady, running a race barefooted with a. school- 
mate for half a mile through two feet of snow, without 
affecting him in any way, well illustrates his hardiness 
to withstand severe winter weather, of which his neigh- 
bors often spoke, when he was out with two or three 
hundred head of hogs and cattle. 

His family moved to Elgin, Illinois, in 1843. He 
graduated from the high school there, and taught 
school until the discovery of gold in California, in 1849, 
when, with a few comrades, most of whom never 
reached their destination, he started overland with 
ox teams and prairie schooner. This was a very hazard- 
ous and dangerous trip at that time, as the Indians 
often attacked the emigrants. Thousands died on the 
way, and the bones of human beings, horses and oxen 
were strewm along the route. One of the cures for 
malaria in California in those days was to be buried in 
fresh earth over night. 

He was in the gold fields for four years, and then 
returned by way of Cape Horn to the prairies of 
Illinois. He broke prairie with ox teams for settlers 
for two seasons, and then purchased the southwest 
quarter of Section thirty-six, Princeville TowTiship, 
where he resided until his death, January 1st, 1904. 
His parents came from Elgin, 111., and made their home 
in Princeville for a few years before their death, within 
two days of each other in December, 1868. Their home 
was a house located where the Rock Island depot now 
stands in Princeville. 


Edward Mansfield married Rebecca Fulton, in Rich- 
woods Township, April 1st, 1857. To this union were 
born eight children : Leverett, Albert, who died October 
18, 1913, Richard, who died in infancy, Edward Jr., 
Sanford, Joseph, Josephine, who died in infancy, and 
Charles. Mrs. Mansfield died April 10, 1898. Mr. Ed- 
ward Mansfield left an estate of about $24,000.00, which 
he willed equally to his six sons, 

Leverett is in the government service at Peoria, 
111. ; married Miss Laura A. ]\Iilligan on May 10, 1902, 
and they have two sons, Harold and Leverett Jr. Al- 
bert married Miss Sarah McMunn, March 15th, 1895; 
three children are living : Effie, Mabel and Luther. 
Charles resides in Averyville, 111. ; married Miss Nellie 
Hyde on November 24th, 1910. Edward, Sanford and 
Joseph are single, and live at Princeville. 


From a reminiscent letter written by William Logan 

Miller in 1912, at age of 84 years, residing at 

DeWitt, Saline County, Nebraska. 

In September, 1912, Mr. Miller received Volume I 
of "History and Reminiscences" and wrote to the pub- 
lishing committee making a correction for the article 
in Vol. I on Christian Miller family, as follows: 

' ' I like the book very well ; but I was born in Ken- 
tucky, Rockcastle County, in 1828. Jacob Miller and 
Sally Ann were born in North Carolina. I will write 
up my coming to Illinois in the year of 1834 as well as 
if it had been yesterday," 

In December, 1912, Mr. Miller wrote the following 
historical letter, all in his own hand: 


To the Publishers of the Old Settler's Book: 

I will try to give a history of my introduction as 
an old settler of Princeville. I moved v^ith my father 
and mother in the year of 1834. We moved in April, 
the 4th. "We crossed the Illinois River at Peoria, then 
called Ft. Clark. There were four children of us, Sally 
Ann, Jacob L., William L. and Catherine. My father's 
name was John Miller; my mother's name Docia Miller, 
When we crossed the river at Ft. Clark there were 
Erastus Peet, Aunt Polly his wife, George McMillen, 
Rice McMillen, Frye Garrison and Erastus Peet settled 
on Kickapoo. Father came to Prince's Grove; moved 
into a log cabin close to where Vaughn Williams' old 
place is (home of James Williams in Akron Township 
in 1912). Old John Morrow lived on the old Bouton 
Place. Daniel Prince lived on the old Tebow place 
where Slane lives. Father tended a crop on old man 
Morrow's. Mr. Morrow's son Josiah got his foot badly 
cut with Prince's breaking plow and was laid up all 
summer. Then my father took the team that Josiah 
used. Mr. Morrow had a bound boy, his name DeWitt 
Franklin. He and father tended the place. They had 
a good crop of potatoes. My brother Jake and I dug 
the potatoes; we all dug them. They were so good I 
can almost taste them now. 

Well there were 80 acres of land on Kickapoo. 
My father went do"WTi there and Mr. Peet showed him 
the 80 acres. He took it up, built a cabin on it and we 
moved on it the next spring, in 1836. Mr. Peet broke 
15 acres. We put it in sod corn and melons, pumpkins, 
beans and all sorts of stuff. In the fall of '36 Moses 
Harlan moved in from Indiana with a large family. 
Then they had to build. They took up land south of 
father. There were three families : Aaron Wilkinson 
was a son-in-law of Moses Harlan, George Harlan was a 
Justice of the Peace. John Harlan was a young man ; 
and there were also Lewis and Thomas. There was one 
young lady Rice McMillen married; her name was 
Phoebe Harlan. 


Father sold his claim to a man by the name of 
Carroll; then Erastus Peet sold his place to Mr. Dicki- 
son. Then father took a claim where Alva Dunlap lived 
and built a double cabin on the place. The day the 
house was raised there was a man came there to buy 
the claim by the name of Pinckney. After the last 
logs were put on the house he asked father what he 
would take for his claim. Father told him $300.00. 
He gave it. We went home. Just at that time there 
was a man by the name of John Hawkins came from the 
Galena lead mines with three yoke of oxen and a 4- 
horse wagon. He wanted to sell the whole outfit, so 
father bought them for $200.00. So, when Uncle Daniel 
Miller sold his claim to old man Bouton, they went to 
Spoon River. Father took a claim on Section 8. It 
was then getting late, — six big steers to feed and a 
great many hogs, with 16 miles to our crop on Kicka- 
poo. "We moved on the hill East of the spring in a 
camp ; plenty of house logs. Father and Jacob chopped 
and I drove the logs in four square, 16 x 20 ft. In 
four days we had the logs on the ground; then got a 
board tree (selected tree for making into clapboards) 
of Mr. Hugh White ; and set the day to raise the house. 
There were 20 men from Prince's Grove and 10 from 
Kickapoo, making 30 all together. They rove the 
boards and covered the house in one day. That was 
the 20th of November, 1836. Then we had to make 
the fire-place with stone and mud; then a stick and 
dirt mud chimney. That constituted the fire-place. 

In a short time we had a big snow storm. Father 
went to Kickapoo after his hogs with the ox-wagon. 
The hogs could not jump out of it, and he had some 
20 head in the wagon. He got home in the storm. 
Mother was walking the floor all night; she thought 
he would freeze to death. Stephen French tried to 
have him stop with him but it was not so cold. He 
stood in the wagon and got home all right. He went 
to Prince's mill, got some corn cracked, then we 
had some mush. It was a miserable winter. We had 
Christmas all the same but New Years was nice. There 


was plenty of snow all through January. The deer 
got poor, so father would not shoot them. 

Now it was in February after. 1S37. we had a sudden 
change ; it froze some to death. It was warm in the 
forenoon, when brother Jake and I were hauling in 
tree tops for firewood. "We went in to eat a bite, about 
which time it commenced blowing. The hogs were 
squealing and it got cold in five minutes. The ground 
was like a glass bottle. I ran out to get the whip 
which had fallen down. The whip was frozen to the 
ground so we unyoked the oxen and they went to the 
shed in a hurry. I thought of father who had gone 
up to the farm on Section 16. Pretty soon we saw him 
coming. He was on stilts, the snow frozen to his boots. 
I ran to him with a hatchet to break the snow ofH so he 
could walk to the house. Father said if he had another 
mile to go he never could have gotten home. 

^Ir. John Sutherland and son Elisha had stayed at 
our house and gone to Prince's mill with two yoke of 
cattle ; had gotten their grist and started home, and got 
to Captain "Williams'. West of Williams' cabin there 
was a thicket of crab trees. Here John Dukes. Will- 
iams' step-son saw the wagon and team. They wanted 
help. John Dukes ran to them and found the old man 
was freezing. Elisha unhitched from the wagon and 
took the oxen to Captain "Williams'. John Dukes took 
the old man on his back to the log cabin, a distance of 
a quarter of a mile. His feet were badly frozen and all 
of his toes were lost. John Dukes saved them from 

There were lots of deer died ; they could not run to 
get out of the way of the dogs and wolves. We had to 
haul our corn daily from the farm on the prairie on 
Section 16. northwest to Section 8. "We hauled logs on 
a sled to fence 40 acres more land on 16 ; that made SO 
acres on the prairie. Then in comes 1838. aud in the 
spring of 1838 father broke out the rest of the 80. 

We got tired of going so far to farm so in the fall of 
1838 "Grandpap" Miller moved from Kentucky, in 
October. Then there was another cabin to build, so it 


went up in a hurry; some in the timber, some hauling 
logs, some quarrying stone, and in less than one week it 
was built. Uncle Henry Miller, Uncle Christopher, Aunt 
Miutie, Aunt Lydia and Uncle James Miller worked 
for old man Robinson down on Kickapoo, His name 
was Xatta Robinson. 

They bought 80 acres of Martin L. Tucker on Sec- 
tion 16 joining father's 80. They made rails, hauled 
timber and passed the winter. In the spring of 1839 
they sold the 80 back to Martin Tucker and then they 
bought on Section 4 where Stephen AValkington lives 
now. Then Uncle Henry Miller bought out old ^Ir. 
Montgomery, where John Miller owns now. AVe had 
the old place on Section 16, and father bought 18 acres 
of Martin L. Tucker on the Northeast corner of the 
Northwest quarter of the same section. AVe lived there 
until the year 1848, when father got in a great fit to go 
to Oregon. He went in 1848, and left me to take care of 
the family. I did the best I could. My brother Jacob 
L. was of age. I was 20 years of age the next December. 
So I tended the 98 acres until I was 22 years old. 

I always paid my debts. I had a sister Catherine 
who was my favorite in the family. She got married 
to a man by the name of John P. Barnett and went to 
Oregon. Then I found a girl by the name of Harriet 
C. Reeves who took my hand. AVe moved in with my 
mother and got along first rate. AVe were living in the 
old home when one day the first we knew Sol Bliss rode 
in at the gate, his horse sweating. I was sitting on the 
door step alone. "Come here," he said. I went to him. 
He said, "Your father is coming up the road." Sure 
enough it was father. He was on horse back. He 
went in the house and I went with the horse to the 
stable. I put a blanket on the horse as it was very cold, 
and this was the 6th of December, 1850. He stayed 
till 1852 then went back to California and stayed about 
18 months. Then he came back home and stayed till 
1854; and then he went to Oregon. 

My sister and her husband. John Barnett, went 
through with ox team ; six months on the road. AVhen 


they got to Oregon they found father. There were 25 
teams of the Barnett's and the company that started 
from Stringtown, Stark County. It was the largest com- 
pany I ever saw, a half mile long. When they got to 
Galesburg there were 50 teams in the outfit. I came 
back home and took care of mother and my own house- 
hold, like Talleyrand Moody took care of Uncle Ira; 
and I think we did God's will. 

My wife and I lived on the Northeast and Southeast 
quarters of Section 16 in Princeville Township, 48 
years. Sold out in 1899 and moved to Nebraska, Saline 
County. There w^e lived 8 years when that dreadful 
disease, the dropsy, took her home, — leaving 13 chil- 
dren and me alone. 

This winds up the most of my life and this is all : 
hoping you all have a happy New Year. I was born 
in Rockcastle County, Kentucky in the year of 1828, 
December 7. 

William L. Miller. 

By William Logan Miller, 1913. 

When my father, John Miller, went to Oregon in 
1848, leaving me to take care of my mother and the 
children, we had four horses, three milk cows, 30 sheep, 
25 hogs, four yearling heifers, two yearling colts and 
35 geese. Father took with him four yoke of oxen, 1 
yoke of cows and a new wagon that was built in Gales- 
burg. (See Foot Note 1). This wagon had a bed 
tight enough for crossing a stream if needed. The out- 
fit of cattle and wagon was worth $1200.00. Father 
started, with Henry Moody as his driver, on the 4th 
day of March, 1848. I went to work. 

Jacob, my brother, was 21 in December the same 
year that father went away. After he was his own 
man he took a notion to buy a piece of land ; so he 
and Oliver Moody bought the Southwest quarter of 
Section 15 in Princeville Township. Later they di- 


vided, Jake taking the West 80 and Oliver the East 80, 
They both went to work on their land, fencing, break- 
ing and building houses, and this took Jake away from 
home. Consequently I had to go it alone. I had the 
old home on Section 16, 80 acres, that I worked and I 
took care of my mother and the other children. I got 
along very well. My father had always done all the 
sowing of the grain, but now I sowed all the spring 
wheat and oats myself. John Dukes was to sow it but 
I went into it myself. The grain all had to be cradled 
in those days and at harvest time Dimmick French, 
brother Jake, Uncle Henry Miller and myself, the four 
of us, put up 40 acres for me, 40 for Uncle Henry, 30 
for Jake, 15 for Dimmick French, — that was in the 
year 1848. This was the way we had to do in all those 
times from 1837 on ; then had to tread it out on the 
ground or thresh it with a flail on a wagon sheet ; then 
clean it in the wind, standing on a tall bench. There 
were no scoop shovels those times. 

In the year of 1849, in October, Jacob was married 
to Jane Reeves and they went into their new house on 
the corner of Section 15 where Schaad lives now. He 
built a 2-story house 24 by 18 ft. ; cellar the same size 
24 by 18. This took some money, and I still did all I 
could to help him. Thinking I would fix mother's old 
house, I got to work and put two bed-rooms on the 
North of the old house and put two windows in the East 
so they could see out. This was in 1849 and just after- 
wards I took the lung fever; got over it with the help 
of Dr. Henry. 

Then I went to school two months in Princeville. My 
teacher was Olive Cutter. I always said that school did 
me more good than all the other schooling I ever had. 
(See Foot Note 2). I came home and went to work on 
the farm in March, putting in wheat and oats. In April, 
the 15th, I went to Peoria and stayed all night with 
Parley Blakesley; got the measles and came home in a 
few days. We heard of Blakesley 's having them, and 
we all had them, nine of us. 

I went to plowing and put in 40 acres of com ; hired 


a boy named William Moles and he was a good boy. In 
August, 1850 I got married to Harriet Reeves and took 
her home with me, the 10th of August. I put in 30 
acres of wheat on Jacob's place on Section 15 ; gathered 
my corn, about 50 bushels to the acre, and then to our 
surprise, on the 6th of December here came father 
home from Oregon. All was right : fixing of the old 
house was all right. 

"Do 3'ou need any money?" 


"Do you owe anything?" 

"The taxes are not paid." 

When he found I was not in debt, he said, "Well, 
son, here is a present of a gold watch, cost $125.00." I 
thanked him. He gave Jacob one just the same as 

He said, "Jacob, are you in debt?" 

"Nothing, only on my house; but I owe Barnett's 
on the building of my house." 

Afterwards Jake broke prairie for Barnett's and 
they were all paid. Well, Aaron Wilson wanted to sell 
his place to father, 80 acres on Section 15, and father 
bought him out. I got 40 acres of the land on the 
Southeast corner of Section 16 where I lived 48 years 
and raised 14 children. Two died in infancy and the 
others are all living, except Chauncey Miller. There 
are at this present time 73 grandchildren and 34 
great-grandchildren. Some in Peoria, some in Iowa, 
some in Missouri, some in Kansas, some in Oregon, some 
in Nebraska. I wish them all the blessing of the all 
wise God. 

William Logan Miller. 
January 15, 1913. 

Foot Note 1. S. S. Slane says the wagon was bought 
by W. L. Miller's father, John" Miller, at Ellisville, Ful- 
ton County. Galesburg Avas not much of a place then. 
Ebenezer Russell had a blacksmith shop around where 
Wilcox's office is now, and old man Miller getting 


ready to go to Oregon, drove up with the wagon to have 
the tires bolted on. He was afraid crossing sands on a 
long trip they might get loose and come off. 

Russell had a drill a good deal like a brace and bit 
for boring the holes that got its pressure by one man 
putting his weight on a rail, and then needed another 
man to turn the "brace" around. There were a good 
many men standing around and as one would get tired 
turning the "bit," another would take a hand at it, all 
in a neighborly way. The man who held down the rail 
for the pressure had the easiest job and did not need 
to change off. This was Elias Colwell and after some 
time Captain Williams, — you remember what kind of 
a man he was, a pretty stumpy sort of a fellow, — took 
hold to turn the drill. I saw Elias Colwell wink and 
then begin to put all his weight on the rail. Captain 
Williams worked harder and harder and finally the 
drill stopped. He raised up and said to Colwell, "Elias, 
you pup, you take your weight off that or I'll boot ye." 
"I remember that just as well as sitting here today," 
said Mr. Slane, "And John Miller told at the time that 
he bought the wagon at Ellisville, Fulton County. ' ' 

Foot Note 2. "Do you remember," said Mr. Slane, 
"Mrs. Cutter had the select school in one of the back 
rooms upstairs in her house ; and at the same time the 
public school was just starting in the stone school 
house and the two schools would spell back and forth, — 
choosing up sides and spelling each other down. One 
day the spelling was at Cutter's house and Loge Miller 
comes in late carrying a shotgun. Dr. Cutter's fine shot- 
gun that he had brought from the East. 'Where have 
you been with that gun,' some one asked him, and he 
said, 'Out at the barn shooting rats.' It is my guess 
that most of Loge's time was put in that way." 


By Edwin C. Silliman, 1912. 

Rev. Gershoni Silliman was born near Hartford, 
Connecticut, May 24, 1783 ; married to Polly Colman of 
East Coventry, Oct. 6, 1809, who was born Aug. 16, 
1787. They moved to Rosbury, Delaware County, N. 
Y., from which place he enlisted for the war of 1812 
as a Lieutenant in Capt. Denio's Company of Col. 
Fitzwilliams' Regiment, First New York Militia. After 
his discharge in 1814, he lived a short time in New 
York State, then moved to Salt Creek, Jackson County, 
Ohio, and in 1828 came to Peoria County, crossing the 
river at Peoria, September 25, 1828. There were ten 
teams in the party, and it was called "The big train." 
Simon Reed, who with his brother Aaron had come here 
in 1825, had gone back and induced his neighbors to 
come west, and piloted them thi-ough. 

Mr. Silliman bought a farm of Hiram Cleveland, 
with a double log cabin upon it, on the Galena road 
about a mile south of Simon Reed's. This farm was 
later owned by Joseph Silliman and sold by him to his 
brother-in-law, Merrit Reed. Upon the south side of 
this farm is located LaSalle Cemetery, the land for it 
given by Gershom Silliman, and the only consideration 
being the reservation of a lot for the use of the Silliman 
family. In that cemetery lie today a large number of 
the early settlers of that vicinity, some of the stones 
dating back to 1830. 

In the log house on this farm Marshall B. Silliman 
and Silas Allen remained for two months during the 
Black Hawk War in 1832. The women and children 
for a time were sheltered there and at the Simon 
Reed block-house, going out after dark into the woods 
to sleep for fear of the Indians. They soon moved 
across the river from Peoria to Meacham's Mill or, as 
it was later called, "Ten Mile." For two months Silli- 
man and Allen saw no one except a messenger now 


and then going from Peoria to the front near Dixon. 
The house was picketed, and in day time these two 
men looked after the stock and homes of the settlers. 
This Allen and his brother Samuel laid out the town of 
Allentown, between Chillicothe and Rome, which in its 
palmy days had two houses. It, like some other West- 
ern towns, was laid out to sell to Eastern speculators. 
In a few years the desire to be in the timber caused 
Mr. Silliman to move a mile and a half West near the 
bluff and open up a new farm, on which he resided 
until his death, which occurred on December 2, 1856; 
his wife died December 24, 1864. 

Rev. Gershom Silliman was the first Baptist minis- 
ter to locate permanently in Peoria County. He 
preached in private houses until school houses were 
built, and in 1838 he helped to organize the first Bap- 
tist church in the town of Chillicothe, being its first pas- 
tor. He was succeeded by Elder-Rider C. D. Merrit, El- 
der Bodley, and others of later years. He was a man of 
sterling character who left his impress on the commun- 
ity in which he lived. He had a large family. 

Minott Silliman, his oldest son, was at the lead 
mines near Galena, in '31 and '32, it being the only 
place where one could get cash for one's labor. When 
the Black Hawk War came on he enlisted in a com- 
pany from there. In 1834, he and his brother Marshall 
broke the first ground where Toulon now stands. Mar- 
shall soon returned to Peoria County where he resided 
until his death, but Minott lived and died in and near 
Toulon. In 1833, he married Rhoda Smith, a daughter 
of Benjamin Smith who had settled in Essex Township, 
Stark County in 1830. Minott Silliman built a log 
cabin on what is now the main street in Toulon. His 
wife died in 1841, leaving one daughter, now Mrs. 
Clarissa Wilcox, who lives at Blair, Nebraska. He 
then married Miss Henrietta Bathan, daughter of Rob- 
ert Bathan, who died leaving one son, Levi Silliman, a 
resident of Toulon. On Nov. 4, 1847, Minott Silliman 
was again married to Miss Letetia Oziah, by whom he 


had two daughters, Mrs. Andrew Stickney of Toulon 
and Mrs. Sarah Stickney of Vancouver, Washington. 
He died Jan. 6, 1894, and his wife on Jan. 2, 1907. He 
■was the first Treasurer of Stark County, and held other 
offices of trust. He always took a great interest in the 
history of Stark and Peoria Counties, as their early 
history was closely interwoven. 

Marshall Bennett Silliman, the second son of Ger- 
shom Silliman, was born May 12, 1812, in Delaware 
County, N. Y. He married on Nov. 16, 1837, Miss Clar- 
issa Hyde, a sister of Norman Hyde, one of the first 
settlers in Peoria. She died Nov. 5, 1842, leaving two 
sons, Edwin C. Silliman of Chenoa, 111., and Norman 
H. Silliman of Boulder, Colorado. The former has one 
son, L. L. Silliman, Cashier of the State Bank of Chenoa, 
and Norman has one daughter, Mrs. Flora McHarg, 
who is an Attorney at Law in Boulder, Colorado. Mar- 
shall B. Silliman was again married Feb. 6, 1844, to 
Nancy Y. Hawley, a daughter of Truman Hawley, who 
came to Peoria County in 1834, and settled at what was 
called Mt. Hawley Post Office, he keeping the Post 
Office for years. She died, June 4, 1885, at the old 
homestead in Hallock Township, and he on March 31, 
1888, at Toulon. He held the Office of Supervisor for 
seven years; was an ardent advocate of temperance, 
and never voted to license the liquor traffic ; a demo- 
crat in politics and a Universalist in belief. 

Fanny Silliman Smith, born Nov. 5, 1813, married 
"William P. Smith. (See Benjamin Smith history). 

Joseph Silliman, born Sept. 18, 1817, married Amy 
Reed, Nov. 17, 1842. She was a daughter of Thomas 
B, Reed who had come to Peoria County in Oct., 1829, 
and occupied a cabin on his brother Simon Reed's 
farm. Joseph Silliman settled on the first Silliman 
farm, building a brick house on it in 1846, and late 
in life he occupied the last home of his father. He 
was a quiet, plain man, seeking only content and hap- 
piness in his home life. He died in March, 1873. Mrs, 
Silliman and son H. E. Silliman and a daughter moved 


to Winfield, Kansas in March, 1880, where the daughter 
Mrs. Lola Wortman died, March 30, 1900. Mrs. Silliman 
died at Winfield, April 4, 1904 ; was buried by the side 
of her husband and an infant daughter, in LaSalle Cem- 

Daniel Silliman, born Sept. 13, 1817, died May 11, 
1836, of aneurism caused by lifting at a log-rolling. 

Sarah Silliman, born Sept. 14, 1819, married Hiram 
Atwood, son of Timothy Atwood who came from Dans- 
ville, N. Y. in 1834, and settled on "Yankee Street" 
north of Chillicothe, 111. Here Hiram Atwood and wife 
spent most of their lives, but both dying at James, 
Iowa. Two daughters and one son are dead, and one 
son, Cyrus Atwood, lives at Sioux City, Iowa. 

Emily Silliman, born Feb. 28, 1824, married Samuel 
Neal of Mossville, 111., died Oct. 20, 1849, leaving one 
son, Daniel Neal of Mossville. Mr. Neal afterwards 
married Asenath Matthews of Princeville. He died 
aged 83; she was killed accidentally at Mossville in 

Mary Silliman, born Feb. 26, 1826, married John 
Webster of "Yankee Street" and died soon after mar- 
riage ; left no children. 

Phebe Silliman, born March 4, 1829, youngest child 
of Gershom Silliman, married Emory Daniels, of Peo- 
ria. They lived in Steuben Township, Marshall County, 
many years, then moved to Dexter, Iowa, and later to 
Azusa, Cal. Here he died and she is still living in her 
84th year, being the last of the family. She has a 
number of children living in California and the AVest. 

Marshall B. Silliman, father of the writer, was Post- 
master (his uncle Joel Hicks held the commission as he 
was under age) at LaSalle Post Office in 1834, on the 
G-alena road where they first settled. The writer has 
letters bearing that Postmark, dated 1835 and 1836, and 
his book containing names of the early settlers who 
received mail at that office. Among them are Linus 
Scovill, John Johnson, Jeriel Root, Thomas Miner, Ed- 
win S. Jones, John Hammett, Roland Thomas, James R. 


and Jefleerson Tallifero, Griffith Hixon, George Sigler, 
Samuel T. McKean, Mahlon Lupton, Samuel Allen, 
Francis Thomas, The Reeds, Jason Hopkins, Royal M. 
Pitts, Zelotus Marks, Cornelius Doty, Samuel McClel- 
lan, Joseph Merideth, Nicholas Sturm, and William 
Lake. Jefferson Tallifero laid out the town of Rome. 
Edwin S. Jones, a son-in-law of Jeriel Root, kept the 
first store in Chillicothe. George Sigler and Samuel 
T. McKean went to Oregon about 1846. Sigler was 
in the party from about Northampton, that lost their 
way enroute and most of whom starved to death. 

Gershom Silliman, Jeriel Root and Joel Hicks all 
married sisters,— Polly, Sarah, and Phebe Colman of 
East Coventry, near Hartford, Conn. Joel Hicks had a 
carding mill on the creek near his house, and later 
built one at Slackwater, Stark County. He and Mar- 
shall B. Silliman made the first sashplane in Peoria 
County. The first settlers had no glass; then later it 
was brought from St. Louis. This plane was used from 
LaSalle to Boyd's Grove and Spoon River— a name 
that covered a large territory at that time. The writ- 
ers' father settled in 1837 on what was called "The 
High Prairie" where he lived until 1885. There was 
but one house in sight. He bought a "tax title" with a 
cabin on it, for which he gave a yoke of oxen, valued 
at $100.00 and $30.00 in money. The cabin was valued 
at $100.00 and the land at $30.00. Soon after he got 
it a prairie fire l)urned the cabin and it full of wheat. 
The first near neighbor was William Easton who joined 
him on the north, and soon a brother-in-law of his, 
Lucas C. Hicks, bought and built adjoining him on the 
south. Easton married Sarah Hicks, and Lucas Hicks 
married Sarah Reed, a daughter of Samuel Reed of 
Buffalo Grove, near Dixon, 111., and a niece of John 
Dixon. The families of the Reed's, Hick's, Root's and 
Silliman 's were all connected by marriage. 

M. B. Silliman built a large barn in 1846, Horace 
Bushnell and Lyman Hitchcock being the carpenters. 
As it was the only barn in sight from the Peoria and 


Wyoming road, all the travelers came in there to get 
their horses in. The cabin was two stories and a tight 
floor, and the writer has seen eighteen men sleeping in 
that upper room in one night. The writer's first school 
was at Mt. Hawley, in a log school house with desks 
around the wall, in 1846. The teacher was named 
Peters and he was afterwards Circuit Judge in Bureau 
County. The writer still has the old Webster spelling 
book used that winter. Among the students were John 
Holmes; Jed. and Milo Benjamin and their sister Hat- 
tie, wife of the late Jos. Barnum ; the Hawley girls, — 
Aaron, Jerome and Omar Hawley; Carlos Wilcox and 
others not now remembered. The first school in the 
home district was taught by Miss Belle Jones, later 
Mrs. Belle Easton-Wood, in 1848, and there were nine 
scholars on the roll. 

The friends of the writer's father in early days who 
visited us were many : from near Princeville were 
George I. McGinnis, Benjamin Slane, Daniel Prince, 
William Stevens ; and from farther south was Charley 
Chapman, the clock tinker; also Leonard Cornwell, 
Richard Scholes, James Dalrymple, G. M. Woodbury 
and Tom Black. All the old timers of the Spoon River 
country found a cordial welcome ; the big fireplace with 
its cheery glow was the scene of many happy visits and 
the stories there rehearsed linger still in memory. We 
close this scattering and disconnected paper, only wish- 
ing that some items in it may be of historical interest 
to the present and to future generations. 


of Essex Township. 
By Edwin C. Silliman, 1913. 

Benjamin Smith settled in Essex Township, Stark 
County, in 1830, his son-in-law, John B. Dodge having 
come the year before. Benjamin Smith and his wife 
were probably born in Maine, as the record shows that 


his second child was bom in Lincoln County of that 
state, on March 11, 1798. He came from Maine to Ohio 
in 1814, and from Ohio to Illinois. He was one of the 
first Justices of the Peace elected in Stark County in 
August, 1831, and solemnized the second marraige cere- 
mony in that county, that of Nero W. Mounts and a 
widow Martindale. He was also one of the first School 
Trustees in the County. 

In 1833, Benjamin Smith and Isaac Essex took the 
only two newspapers in the Coimty, the mail being car- 
ried from LaSalle Post Office, where Marshall B. Silli- 
man, father of the writer, was Postmaster in fact. (See 
Silliman history). "Galena" Miner or Wesley Miner 
carried the mail every two weeks on foot, and it took 
that length of time to get a newspaper from Spring- 

Benjamin Smith was born March 1, 1773, died in 
1848, and is buried in the Sheets Cemetery in Essex 
Township. His wife, Susannah, was born April 25, 
1778, and died Jan. 6, 1829, in Ohio. Of their eleven 
children, four died in infancy, and the others were as 
follows : 

Susannah, born March 28, 1798, died Nov. 21, 1881 
at Saxon, Stark County ; was the wife of Harris Miner. 
Their children were Laura, married George Dexter ; Ad- 
dison, married Lucy Reynolds; Carlos, married Laura 

; and Harrison, married Avice Parish. He is 

partner in a Bank in Kewanee, Illinois. 

Lydia Smith married John B. Dodge, and they came 
to Essex Township in 1829. He was a Captain of Mi- 
litia ; a reckless character, and finally, getting into diffi- 
culty at a horse race in Rock Island, had to leave the 
country; last heard from in Texas. His wife had five 
children by him and one by her second husband, a Mr. 

Greenleaf Smith, born September 25, 1805, died in 
1848. He married Lettice Sparr, who died in 1862, and 
both are buried in the Sheets Cemetery. They had 
seven children : Charles, married Sarah Snyder ; Mar- 


garet, married James Baughn ; Benjamin, married Mary 

White ; Perry, married Emery ; Sally, married 

Dick Ryan ; Alice married Ira Newton, 

William Paul Smith was bom Nov. 24, 1807, in 
Maine, and was seven years old when his family moved 
to Ohio, and 23 when they moved to Illinois. On Jan. 
1, 1835, he was married to Fanny Silliman, a daughter 
of Rev. Gershom Silliman who had settled in 1-828 in 
M^hat is now Medina Township, Peoria County. After 
his marriage they settled on a farm two miles north 
of Prince 's Grove, where they raised a family of seven 
children. After these were grown he moved to Prince- 
ville, leaving the farm in charge of a son-in-law William 
Andrews, who married his eldest daughter, Mary. An- 
drews moved to Kansas after the war, where he died 
leaving a large family. 

The oldest son of William P. Smith, Cyrus S., en- 
listed in Co. D., 11th Illinois Cavalry on Sept. 24, 1861. 
He was taken sick with measles in Camp at Peoria, and 
died in Princeville, Feb. 18, 1862. He was unmarried. 

The only son left them, Isaac L., enlisted in Co, K., 
86th Illinois Infantry on Aug. 7, 1862, and was killed in 
a skirmish at Buzzards Roost, Ga., Feb. 26, 1864. The 
regiment was driven back by the enemy, and when the 
ground was recovered, his body could not be found, 
so lies among those heroes marked "Unknown" in the 
National Cemetery at Chattanooga, Tenn. He had a 
premonition that he would be killed that day. Capt. 
French told the writer that if he had known of it, in 
view of the Spiritualistic belief of the family, he would 
not have let him go into that battle. He left a wife, 
who is now dead, and one daughter. 

Susannah Smith married Philander Reed, who was 
also a member of Co, K., 86th Illinois Infantry, and who 
died in the hospital at Chattanooga, Tenn., Jan. 4, 1864. 
The widow Susannah later married Chester Harring- 

Her sister Sarah married John Harrington, (now 
deceased), who was a member of Co. C, 86th Illinois 


Infantry. The two youngest daughters Emily and Lydia 
and the Harrington's all live in California. 

William P. Smith for many years followed the bus- 
iness of hunting up estray horses and cattle. As the 
country was not thickly settled until after 1850, stock 
often strayed a long distance, and it was difficult to 
trace them. He had a system of correspondence that 
made him very successful in that vocation, and also 
gave him an acquaintance that few men had in a circle 
of fifty miles around Princeville. He with S. S. Slane 
and others organized the Thief Detective and Mutual 
Aid Association of Princeville in August, 1863. He 
was its first Captain and served several years; later 
was its Treasurer and was always an active member, — 
one of the foremost. This Association is in existence 
today and has done some very efficient work in catch- 
ing horse thieves especially. 

Aunt Fanny Smith never recovered her sunny dis- 
position after the loss of her children in the war, and 
the mention of those terrible days always brought tears 
of sorrow to her. She was known far and near as a 
great nurse, and for all the years of her life gave her 
service cheerfully where it was needed; many of the 
older settlers of Princeville can testify to her kindly 
ministration in times of sickness. The family were 
strong believers in Spiritualism in the last years of their 
lives. Some of the tests of "Aunt Fanny's" powers 
could hardly be believed but at this later day are ex- 
plained by "mental telepathy," at that time wholly un- 
known. The Smith home was always open to all who 
came, and all were sure of a hearty welcome and a 
share of what they had, with rest for the weary. Wil- 
liam P. Smith died March 29, 1882, and Fanny Smith on 
April 2, 1886, at Princeville. 

A tribute to her memory at the time of her death 
by Mrs. Elizabeth Seery, was a worthy memorial to 
the life and character of a wonderful woman, the last 
part of which we reproduce: "Did the foul tongue 
of slander ever penetrate her humble home, she with 


a hush upon her lips, would hold aloft her standard 
of charity and love. The vilest sinner was persuaded 
to take the path of rectitude, the weak were nurtured 
and cherished back to strength again. Thus in works 
of charity and love, she proved her christian character 
and won a crown of eternal life, passing away like a 
sunbeam, bright, cheerful, beautiful in death. No 
cloud can obscure such a life, for its good results have 
raised a monument in the hearts of hundreds who knew 
her inner life. Like a zephyr from the spirit land there 
flashes a voice, 'Faithful worker, enter thou into the 
joy of thy Lord.' 

Rhoda, a daughter of Benjamin Smith, born Nov. 
10, 1816, married Minott Silliman in 1833, about the 
same time her sister Susannah married Harris Miner. 
Both families settled at what is now Toulon. Rhoda 
Silliman died in 1841, leaving one living child, who is 
now Mrs. Clarissa "Wilcox of Blair, Neb. 

Sewell Smith, born March 29, 1810, married Sarah 
Lake, a sister of the first wife of William Easton. They 
lived in Essex Township until after the war, and then 
moved to Galva, 111., where both of them died, Sewell 
Smith on Sept. 14, 1873, and his wife soon after. Their 
son, Edwin L. Smith was a member of Co. K., 86th 
Illinois Infantry, enlisting at Princeville in August, 1862. 
He died in hospital in Gallatin, Tenn., Dec. 30, 1862. 
The writer was at that time clerk for the Commandant 
at that Post, and as an intimate friend, it became his 
duty to inform the family of his death and to arrange to 
have the body sent home. While in camp at Peoria, 
on the way to the war, he was married to Miss Hattie 
Benjamin, who afterward married Jos. Barnum, editor 
of the Princeville Telephone. Their other children 
were Sophia; Alice who married Andrew Auten of 
Princeville, in 1863 ; Prank who married a lawyer 
named Barnes; Mandana; a son Charles, who died 
young; and the youngest Hattie. The writer thinks 
all of the children are dead. 


The simple honest lives of those old pioneers has 
had much to do with the making of our community to- 
day for good, and the Smith family did their full share 
in building up the new country. We owe much to the 
memories of those men and women of sterling worth 
and strong character, who were the first settlers. It 
is a difficult task to trace their history, but the writer 
cheerfully does his part, to put upon record this much 
of the early events, so that in future years the facts 
and truths of their lives may be accessible to the his- 


Essex Township. 
By W, R, Sandham and A. Timmons, April, 1913. 

Among the families who were pioneers in this vicin- 
ity the Timmons family of Essex Township have taken 
a prominent part from its earliest history to the present, 
in the settlement, growth and development of that 

Thomas Timmons the first of the name who came 
to this part of Illinois, was born January 14, 1816, in 
Ross County, Ohio. His parents were Ananias and Eli- 
nor (Rotean) Timmons, who were natives of Maryland, 
where the former was for several years engaged in a 
seafaring life. After moving to Ohio he engaged in 
farming, in which occupation his son Thomas took part, 
going to school as opportunity offered. 

When twenty years old Thomas Timmons left his 
home in Ohio, in company with Mr. Nathan Cox, an- 
other prominent pioneer in this vicinity, to seek a 
home and fortune in the then distant west. To pay 
his expenses he drove a four-horse-team belonging to 
Mr. Cox. After a long and tiresome but adventurous 
journey, he arrived in what is now Essex Township in 
Stark County, in the middle of October, 1836. He 


found here only first settlers in a new and somewhat 
wild country, with numerous hunting and fishing camps 
of Indians round about. He immediately sought em- 
ployment and the first work he found to do was cutting 
the timber and splitting 11,000 rails at 50c a hundred 
"and board himself." After this was done he worked 
for the pioneer farmers until the fall of 1837 when he 
took a contract for splitting rails at 50c a hundred and 
board himself, for Josiah Moffitt, another pioneer and 
large land holder of the time. He boarded with Thomas 
Winn, another of the early pioneers. The report has 
come down from that time that Mr. Timmons would in 
two days cut the timber and split 600 rails, cutting the 
timber one day and splitting the rails the next. After 
this job was done he engaged in farming. 

Thomas Timmons was married December 16, 1838, to 
Mary Jane, a daughter of Daniel Davis, one of the 
earliest settlers of what is now Essex Township, by 
John W. Agard then a Justice of the Peace and later 
a pioneer Methodist preacher. 

Undaunted by the hardships and difficulties of pio- 
neer life Mr. and Mrs. Timmons commenced housekeep- 
ing on what was then known as the Sammis place on 
Spoon River. In the spring of 1839, the year Stark 
County was created and organized, Mr. Timmons 
bought 40 acres of land in the southeast corner of sec- 
tion 15 in what is now Essex Township, where he lived 
six years. He then moved to a house which he built 
near the log school house which is said by Mrs. Shellen- 
berger in her history to be the first school house built in 
Stark County, where he lived until his death April 7, 
1893. His wife died May 4, 1858. Later he married 
Mrs. Lucy Graves who survived him several years. 

Thomas and Mary J. Timmons had three children, 
Ananias, born March 9, 1840, Ellen, born December 25, 
1841 and Eliza, born August 25, 1843. Ellen married 
William Drummond and died in 1862. Eliza died when 
she was two years old. When about ten years old 
Ananias was nicknamed Colonel, and has been known 


since then as Col. A. Timmons. During his boyhood he 
attended school in the rude log school houses of the 
time and incidentally became well educated in nature 
as he found it in woods and streams. From his 12th 
to his 22nd year he assisted in all kinds of work on his 
father's farm. He enlisted as a soldier August 12, 1862, 
and became a member of Co. E. 112th Illinois Volun- 
teers, and served until the end of the war. Except for 
a short time he was in the hospital, he took part in all 
the marches and battles of his regiment. During the 
latter part of his service he was color guard of his 

On the march from Nashville, headed for Clifton, 
Tenn., while camped at Mt. Pleasant, Tenn., he had a 
narrow escape from death. He and "Lige" Cox left 
camp one evening to look up a Toulon lady, formerly 
Miss Addie Kincaid. The distance proved longer than 
they expected, and they reached the lady's house about 
8 o'clock. She gave them their supper, and was fairly 
cordial, after Timmons told her of her former beaus 
in Stark County; but seemed a little close-mouthed. 
Timmons and Cox got back to camp about 11 o'clock 
and that was the close of the incident with them. After 
45 years, however, in 1910 or 1911 at the Toulon Old 
Settlers' Picnic, this lady, her home now in Chicago, 
was present, and overjoyed at seeing both Timmons and 
Cox. She said at the time of their visit her husband 
was in the rebel army, and there were rebel soldiers 
in her house — baskets of provisions for them passed 
out of her kitchen — while these boys were visiting that 
evening. The next morning she drove nearly to the 
site of the Union Camp expecting to find their dead 
bodies along the roadside, but she did not find them, 
and never kncAv whether they were safe or not, until 
she saw them at Toulon. 

Soon after returning home from the war Mr. Tim- 
mons visited his relations in Ohio. While there he met 
Mary Arganbright of Vinton County, Ohio, to whom 
he was married on a second trip, September 30, 1866. 


Soon after with his bride, he returned to Illinois and 
commenced house-keeping two miles north of what is 
now Duncan. In 1873, he moved to the farm where he 
was born, on Section 15, Essex Township where he 
and his wife still live, loved and honored by neighbors 
and friends. Col. Timmons has always taken an active 
interest in politics, being a delegate to nearly every 
Republican County Convention. He has held several 
important offices in his township, the duties of which 
he performed faithfully. 

Colonel Ananias and Mary Timmons have five chil- 
dren, William, married Lora Simmerman and lives at 
Yale, Iowa ; Thomas A, married Aura Phenix and lives 
at Wyoming, Illinois, in the mercantile business ; Corda, 
married William Even and lives at Speer, Illinois ; Jes- 
sie, married Robert 0. Green and lives near Lawn 
Ridge, Illinois ; Effie lives at home. 

Colonel Timmons and his family take a great inter- 
est in the meetings of the Old Settlers' Association of 
Princeville, as they also do in the meetings of the Old 
Settlers' Association of Stark County which are held 
annually in Toulon. 

By Mary A. White and Electa A. White, 1912. 

Hugh White and Mary Johnson were married about 
1804 in east Tennessee and lived there as near as we can 
tell till three children were born. They then moved to 
Indiana, we do not know in what year, but they lived 
there in 1812 when the war with England broke out. 
Mr. White enlisted in the war, leaving .his wife with 
four small children, one a babe in her arms. The names 
of their children, including those born later, were Eliz- 
abeth A,, Samuel R., Cynthia A., Sarah E., Levina B., 


Martha E., Wm. Franklin, Emeline C, Gilford N., and 
James Thompson. Elizabeth White married James 
Morrow ; Cynthia "White married Lawrence McKown ; 
Samuel White married Jane Morrow, and these three, 
with the other seven children and the parents, Hugh 
and ]\Iary White, emigrated to Illinois in 1833. 

After coming to Illinois they moved to what is 
known as the Sheets farm northwest of Duncan. Old 
residents have told their children that they remember 
seeing Hugh White driving back and forth with an ox 
team ; it is supposed to break prairie on the farm which 
he bought and where they moved later and lived till 
their deaths. 

Mr. and Mrs. White belonged to the old school Pres- 
byterian Church while living in Indiana, Mr. White be- 
ing an elder in that church ; and they still clung to that 
faith while they lived. Mr. White was very strict 
in raising his family; he tried to set a good example 
before them and raise them in the fear and admonition 
of the Lord. Coming here when the country was 
new, they endured the privations and hardships of pio- 
neer life. 

After coming to Illinois, Martha White married Wil- 
liam Morrow; Franklin White married Julia A. Mur- 
phy; Emeline married DeWitt Franklin; Thompson 
married Martha A. German. Of this large family there 
is only one left : J. Thompson White of Dunlap, Cal. 

Samuel R. White, second child of Hugh and Mary 
White, was married to Jane Morrow, April 5, 1832, and 
to them were born six children : Elizabeth A., William 
H., John C, Maria J., Mary A. and Sarah E. Of this 
family William married Lucy M. Hull and to them 
were born six children, three of whom are still living : 
Jennie M. Burford and Edwin in Friant, Calif, and Eva 
O. Jones in Princeville, 111. John C. married Barbara 
Debord and to them were born nine children, six of 
whom are still living: Carrie Wrigley near Harbine, 
Neb. ; Sherman in North Dakota ; Nina Rogers near 
Odell, Neb. ; William, Roy and Edwin about 20 miles 


from their parents who live at Akron, Colorado. Maria 
J. White married Isaac German and to them were born 
seven children, of whom four are still living: John H., 
Graham, Missouri; Ella Latham, Esbon, Kansas; Eva 
Kenny and Edson, near Quitman, Missouri. Miss Mary 
A. remained with and cared for her mother till the 
mother died at the age of 81 years. There are only 
two of the family living, John C. in Colorado, and Mary 
A. in Princeville, 111. her niece Eva 0. Jones living 
with Mary A. White in Princeville. 

Hugh White's parents were of English descent, his 
grandfather William White having been born in Lon- 
don, England. 

A nephew of Hugh White's and great grandson of 
the London William White, Samuel D. White, came to 
Peoria County, 111. from Lake County, Indiana in the 
spring of 1852, bringing his family with him. The fam- 
ily, consisting of himself and wife Margaret and five 
children, two sons and three daughters, settled at 
White's Grove on what was afterwards known as the 
William White place. 

In the spring of 1855 he moved with his family to 
Blackhawk County, Iowa. Not liking the country, they 
returned to Peoria County, 111., in July of the same 
year and again settled at White's Grove, on the farm 
afterward known as the John C. White farm. In 
1862 they again left Peoria County and settled in Iowa 
and lived there the rest of their lives. Margaret White 
died in Blackhawk County, Iowa March 14, 1888, aged 
73 years. Samuel D. White died April 26, 1894, aged 
82 years, 2 months and 14 days. Two daughters died 
in Iowa. The two sons and one daughter are still 
living in Kossuth County, Iowa. Samuel D. White and 
family always remembered their sojourn in Peoria 
County, Illinois, with great pleasure. 


By Milton Wilson and Peter Auten, 1915. 

Aaron Wilson and Esther Baird Wilson left their 
home near Russellville, Ohio, fifty miles east of Cin- 
cinnati and reached Prineeville in the fall of 1848, to be 
explicit on October 23 of that year, occupying land 
three miles southwest of town. Of their seven children, 
Alexander, the oldest and Nancy, the third child, stayed 
in Ohio; and Sarah, John K., Milton, Margaret, and 
Alfred came with the parents. 

The parents were Presbyterians and always stood, 
and their children after them, for a positively good 
moral influence. Being quite elderly when they reached 
Prineeville the parents died, Mr. Wilson in the spring 
of 1853 and Mrs. Wilson in August, 1854, and their 
graves are in the southeast comer of the Prineeville 
Township Cometery, close to lots of their daughter 
Sarah, their son Milton and their son Alfred. 

Alexander the oldest son. always stayed in Ohio, 
dying there about the year 1883, and leaving a family 
of which only one son, Albert G. Wilson of Dayton, 
Ohio, is now surviving. 

Sarah married "Deacon" William Wilson, and their 
children were four in number : Emeline, wife of Hugh 
Morrow ; Harriet, wife of Adna Colburn ; Caroline, wife 
of Walter Yates; and Maria, wife of Henry Stowell. 

Nancy with her husband George Bassett stopped 
here only one year after coming from Ohio and then 
located at Abingdon, Illinois, where they raised a fam- 
ily which is now scattered. The children were Sarah, 
wife of David Strain ; Cyrus W. ; George M. ; Lou, wife 
of Paul Fearing; Laura (deceased); Julia, wife of 
Shoop ; and Charles. 

John K. left the farm on March 25, 1850. to follow 
the lure of gold to California. There were .seven 
Prineeville young men in the party, and all returned 
and were familiar figures in the later history of Prince- 


ville, except Richard Harrison who died in California 
or Oregon. They had two wagons and ox teams, one 
wagon belonging to John K. Wilson, Thompson P. Bou- 
ton and Carlisle Aldrich ; and the other to Richard 
Harrison, Dimmick French, John Dukes and Augustus 
D. Sloan. A very interesting diary kept on the west- 
ward trip by John K. Wilson is added as an appendix 
to this article. Mr. Wilson, on returning to Princeville 
and in his leisure moments worked some at carpentry, 
and made a number of excellent violins. He lived 
near Oak Hill and died at Peoria, 1907; was buried 
at Oak Hill. 

Milton Wilson left the farm in 1874, having been 
elected Justice of the Peace the year before. He filled 
that office for one term (declining a second term) and 
engaged in the insurance and notarial business. For 
32 years he was a notary public. He was the second 
collector after township organization was perfected in 
Prineeville Township, viz., for the year 1851, and his 
fees for collecting amounted to the munificent sum of 
$32.00. Altogether he served seven different terms as 
township collector, the last being in 1872 when the ex- 
tra railroad tax brought his fees to a total of $410.00. 
He also served one term on the town council. 

After living in the Cutter house for one and one-half 
years, he bought his present home, the east half of block 
seven, corner of Main and Tremont Streets, in July, 
1875. He moved into this new home, cornering on the 
park, in September following and has lived there con- 
tinuously for forty years. He was 87 years of age on 
May 27, 1915. 

His wife ''Aunt Carrie" Wilson was largely instru- 
mental in organizing the Coral Reef Missionary Society 
and as leader of that Missionary band, she virtually 
raised different sets of boys and girls in the Methodist 
Church of Prineeville. Any who wished to scoff 
at other members of the church always made an ex- 
ception of Aunt Carrie. So much was she recognized 
as one of the Missionary leaders of the church in the 


Peoria district that she was made a life member of 
the Woman's Foreign Missionary Society of the church 
on the payment of $100 by her friends. Since her death 
in 1903, "Uncle Milton" has cared for her flowers and 
her grave, as memories of her loving work for the 
boys and girls, until age has made it impossible for him 
to do so any more, except in thought. He has recently 
furnished a room in her memory at the Deaconess Hos- 
pital in Peoria. 

Sister Margaret made her home with her brother 
Milton and "Aunt Carrie." She was a partner also 
in caring for the flowers and creating missionary in- 
terest and strength of character in the boys and girls. 
She died in 1895. 

Alfred S. farmed in Akron Township from 1865 
until retiring about the year 1889, since which time he 
has lived in Princeville. His wife Dartha Young Wil- 
son died in 1908, and Mr. Wilson has made his home 
since then with his daughter Mrs. Clara Kinnah. The 
other children are Frank E. of Peoria. Illinois. Edward 
of Akron Township and Mrs. Elizabeth Christian of 
Princeville. Mr. Alfred Wilson will be 81 on October 
25, 1915. He has taken an active interest, always work- 
ing on some committee at each annual reunion of the 
0. S. U. P. V. 


By John K. Wilson, 1850, Enroute from Illinois to 
Oregon : from Original diary in posses- 
sion of the family. 

As stated in tlie preceding article, Mr. Wilson was 
accompanied on this journey by Thompson P. Bouton, 
Carlisle Aldrich, Richard Harrison, Dimmick French, 
John Dukes and Augustus D. Sloan, all from Prince- 
ville. AVhile the first part of the diary may seem a 
little tedious reading, the latter part and in fact the 


whole of it, is so wonderful in describing the tedium 
of the journey, the geography, the water courses, the 
deserts, the alkali creeks and poison springs and lakes 
which helped to strew the way with bones of cattle, 
horses and mules, as well as the graves of men; and 
in describing the mountain divides and passes, also the 
historic Lewis's Fork and Columbia River; and in ac- 
counting for every day of the journey, that it would 
seem out of place to abbreviate. 

Their experiences were doubtless similar to those 
of hundreds of parties, except they were spared any 
deaths on the way. Harrison died in Oregon, and after 
the others had all reached California. They came 
home by way of the Isthmus, Dukes and Bouton re- 
turning in June, 1852; Wilson in December, 1853; Al- 
drich in spring of 1855; French in 18 — ; and Sloan in 
1868. It will be noted that the party usually remained 
in camp on Sunday, or travelled only a few miles when 
necessary for feed or water. 

"John K, Wilson's Diary of Events, Curiosities, 
etc., on leaving Illinois for California. In the affairs of 
this life, there must be a last scene, a last parting ; yet 
hope carries us forward, while memory dwells upon 
the past. 

March 25, 1850, left Princeville past 11 o'clock, 
reached Harrison's; 26, passed Spoon River, Trenton, 
reached Butts'; 27, Knoxville, reached Nathan; 28, 
4th day, Monmouth, camped on Henderson River; 29, 
crossed the Mississippi, stayed all night at Burlington; 
30, reached Wibbard's long creek; 31, Sunday, same 

April 1, raining, passed Lowell, crossed Skunk 
River, all night at Stevenson's; 2, passed Washington, 
yet raining; 3, passed Winchester, all night at Brain- 
ard's, snow; 4, Birmingham, Liberty ville, all night at 
Bonnett's; 5, reached Mclntyer's; 6, left Mclntyer's, 
8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, Sunday; 15, left Mclntyer's. 
crossed Des Moines River at lowaville, camped three 
miles from the river; 16, passed Flores on Soap Creek, 


reached Morgan's, snow 8 inches deep; 17, passed 
Drakeville, reached Patterson's; 18, same place; 19, 
reached Chariton River, camped; 20, passed Center- 
ville, crossed Cooper's Creek, reached Shoal Creek, 
camped; 21, Sunday same place. 

April 22, reached State Line between Iowa and Mis- 
souri, camped; 23, crossed Locust Creek, reached Big 
Muddy Creek, camped at bridge; 24, reached small 
creek, called Little Muddy, camped at bridge; 25, 
passed through Princeton, crossed North fork of Grand 
River, camped at Reed's; 26, crossed middle fork 
Grand River, reached a little creek in the prairie ; 27, 
passed through Bethany, reached Big Creek ; 28, reached 
a small stream, camped; 29, passed through Gentry- 
ville, crossed west fork of Grand River, camped at edge 
of prairie ; 30, crossed 22 miles prairie, reached a small 
creek, camped. 

May J, passed through Rochester, crossed the Little 
Platte River and several small creeks ; reached a stream 
called 102, eight miles from St. Joe, camped; May 2, 
same place; 3, reached St. Joe, camped; 4, bought our 
outfit, crossed the Missouri River, camped 2 miles from 
St. Joe; 5, Sunday, same place; 6, moved out to the 
bluffs four miles, camped ; 7, same place, snow 2 inches 
deep ; 8, started on our journey, crossed Mosquitoe 
Creek, camped on the hill 2 miles from a small creek; 
9, crossed AVolf River, passed Missionary Station, 
reached a small creek, camped; 10, reached a small 
creek, tributary of Wolf River, camped; 11, reached 
head of Wolf River and camped; 12, Sunday, same 
place; 13, reached Minahaw, a beautiful stream, 
camped; 14, traveled to a creek and spring in prairie, 

May 15, on the way, crossed two creeks, camped on 
a hill two miles from Weston and Leavenworth Road; 

16, on, crossed Big Blue River, a beautiful stream, 
camped on the high ground two miles from the river; 

17, traveled 18 miles, camped near a small stream ; 18, 
crossed Otto Creek, camped on the prairie ; 19, Sunday, 


traveled 8 miles, crossed two small creeks, camped on 
the hill near Little Blue ; 20, traveled over the prairie 
20 miles, crossed one small creek with sandy bed, 
camped on the prairie ; 21, crossed two small creeks, 
reached Little Blue River, camped ; 22, traveled up Lit- 
tle Blue River 20 miles and camped ; 23, traveled up Lit- 
tle Blue River 22 miles and camped ; 24, traveled up Lit- 
tle Blue to the crossing and camped; 25, traveled 22 
miles, reached the Platte River, opposite Grand Island, 
10 miles below Fort Kearney, camped ; 26, Sunday, re- 
mained in same place; 27, passed Fort Kearney, trav- 
eled 8 miles above head of Grand Island, camped; 28, 
traveled up the Platte 22 miles and camped; 29, trav- 
eled up the Platte and camped; 30, traveled up the 
Platte, camped 5 miles below the Forks; 31, traveled up 
the South Fork of Platte and camped on a small creek 
in the bottom. 

June 1, traveled up the South Fork 7 miles above 
the lower ford, camped; 2, Sunday, remained in the 
same place; 3, traveled up the South Fork, camped in 
the bottom ; 4, traveled up the South Fork to the upper 
crossing, camped on the bank ; 5, crossed South Fork 
of Platte, water very cold, traveled across the plain 18 
miles, camped in Ash Hollow three miles from North 
Fork of Platte ; 6, traveled up the North Fork, passed 
Castle Bluff, camped on the bottom ; 7, same place ; 8, 
traveled up North Fork, crossed two creeks, camped in 
the bottom, opposite Courthouse Rock; 9, Sunday, re- 
mained in same place; 10, traveled up North Fork, 

passed Chimney Rock, camped 10 miles from ; 

11, left the river, traveled 18 miles, camped, sick; 12, 
crossed Horse Creek, reached North Fork, camped; 13, 
crossed Laramie River, camped on north fork two miles 
from Fort Laramie ; 14, traveled up north fork of Platte, 
camped on the high ground three miles from the river; 
15, traveled over the high ground from the river, 
crossed three creeks and camped ; 16, Sunday, same 
place ; 17, traveled up the Platte, crossed one creek, 
reaching a creek and spring five miles from the river, 
camped; 18, crossed La Bonte River and small creek. 


camped on a small creek ; 19, crossed La Grande River, 
Box Elder Creek, La Fourche River, camped one-half 
mile from North Fork of Platte ; 20, traveled up North 
Fork of Platte 9 miles, commenced crossing at 5 o'clock, 
got part over by 11 o'clock at night; 21, got all over 
by 1 o'clock p. m., camped for the night; 22, traveled 
up North side of Platte, camped five miles below the 
upper, ferry, feed poor. 

June 23, Sunday, traveled up to the ferry, then 
left the Platte and traveled over the highlands towards 
Sweetwater River and camped four miles from Alkali 
Creek and Poison Spring and Lake. 

Great mischief did these waters to the emigrants' 
teams. The road for 20 miles was strewn with dead 
oxen and horses. June 24, passed Willow Spring, 
reached a small creek, camped; 25, reached Sweetwater 
River and camped. Back to Upper Platte ferry 53 
miles, almost a barren waste, with nothing inviting. 
June 26, crossed Sweetwater River at Independence 
Rock. Passed Devil's Gateway, a place where the 
Sweetwater cuts through the mountain snow to the left, 
camped on Sweetwater. Aldrich taken sick. 

June 27, traveled up Sweetwater, crossed two creeks 
and Sweetwater River three times within two miles, 
campd for the night ; 28, left Sweetwater 8 miles, then 
crossed, traveled over a barren waste 16 miles, camped 
again on Sweetwater River; 29, crossed Sweetwater, 
traveled six miles, camped in the morning, — Bouton 
taken sick; 30, Sunday, traveled up Sweetwater River 
8 miles, then left the river and ascended some of the 
spurs of the Rocky Mountains, air cool, reached a 
branch of Sweetwater River, camped, — snowbanks 
across the stream 2 ft. deep. 

July 1, Monday, crossed, traveled three miles, 
crossed the creek, and five miles farther crossed Sweet- 
water the last time — snowbanks 3 ft. deep. Traveled 
10 miles farther and camped in the south pass, nearly 
on the divide of waters, between the Pacific Ocean and 
the Gulf of Mexico. For 150 miles back, "Death on 


the pale Horse" preyed on all that was flesh and blood. 
The road was strewn with dead horses and oxen and 
mules and many fresh graves of men. July 2, traveled 
5 miles, came to Pacific Spring and Creek, — spring 
coldest water I ever drank, — snowy peaks of Rocky 
Mountains on our left; spring's Lat. 42 deg. 18 min. 58 
seconds. Traveled down Pacific Creek II/2 miles, 
crossed, traveled 8 miles to another creek, some water, 
camped. July 3, crossed creek, traveled 5 miles, crossed 
dry sandy creek, 7 miles farther, forks of the road. Left 
hand road leads to Salt Lake, right hand road to Sub- 
lett's cut-off — took right hand, traveled 5 miles, crossed 
Little Sandy River, 7 miles farther, crossed Big Sandy 
River, and camped. Sickness and death still accom- 
pany the emigrants. 

July 4, Thursday, — Glorious anniversary of Ameri- 
can Liberty, with what sacred delight I hail thee, al- 
though in a land owned by savages ! Hundreds waiting 
for the cool of the evening to start across the desert, 
to Greene River ; struck our tent and started at 20 min- 
utes past 4 o'clock p. m. ; traveled all night, halting at 
9 o'clock and 2 o'clock one-half hour each time; half 
past four prepared breakfast, grazed our cattle on 
some scant vegetation and moved on again; 5, reached 
Greene River at 3 o'clock p. m., watering our cattle, 
then moved down to the lower ferry (having traveled 
53 miles without any water on the way and not much 
grass), camped for the night; 6, got all over by 4 
o'clock and camped for the night. Ferriage over 
Greene River $7.00 per wagon. July 7, Sunday, moved 
out 5 miles to a creek to get feed for our cattle, camped ; 
8, traveled 14 miles, crossed three streams of running 
water and camped on a mountain, near a beautiful 
grove of fir trees; 9, traveled 15 miles, crossed four 
streams of running water and camped on a mountain 
side near a grove of quakenasp ; 10, traveled 2 miles, 
crossed Ham's Forks of Greene River (beautiful stream 
of clear cold water) camped in the bottom, good grass ; 
death still accompanying the emigrants, see new graves 
every day. 


July 11, traveled 13 miles, passed a grove of quaken- 
asp, and spring of v^^ater (on the mountain top) as cold 
as ice, also a grove of birch and other beautiful groves 
of fir trees; then descended the mountain to a creek, 
camped. July 12, crossed creek, traveled 8 miles, came 
to Bear Eiver, descent towards the river very steep; 
traveled down Bear Kiver to Thomas' Fork, crossed 
and camped for the night. This is a beautiful valley 
abounding with the best of grass. July 13, traveled 
down Bear River (north course), camped on a tributary 
of Bear River in a very large bottom, the best grass I 
have seen on the route thus far. Passed some fine scen- 
ery along this river. July 14, Sunday, remained in 
same place, very warm day; for a week past nights so 
cold we could hardly keep warm, snow on the moun- 
tains all around; 15, traveled 8 miles over very hilly 
rough road; struck Bear River, then down 7 miles, 
camped; 16, traveled six miles, camped on account of 
sickness; 17, traveled down Bear River, camped; 18, 
crossed several streams, passed Soda Beer and Steam- 
boat Springs — natural curiosities, passed Forks Road, 
left hand Myers' cut-off, right hand past Fort Hall; 
took Fort Hall road, traveled 8 miles, camped ; 19, trav- 
eled all day, camped on a small stream. 

July 20, crossed dividing ridge between Great Basin 
and Oregon, camped in a deep hollow; 21, traveled all 
day, camped near Fort Hall on a small stream; 22, 
passed Fort Hall, camped for sickness; 23, crossed 
Portneuf and — Rivers and camped near Ameri- 
can Falls, Lewis' Fork of the Columbia River; 24, trav- 
eled all day, camped on Fall Creek; 25, passed Forks, 
road left hand leading to California, right to Oregon; 
took right hand, traveled late, found water, camped. 

July 26, still traveled down Lewis' Fork of the Col- 
umbia, came to a small stream, camped ; 27, traveled all 
day, camped on a creek near the river; 28, Sunday, 
traveled 8 miles, caught up with some wagons from 
Iowa on a creek where they were in camp. We camped 
also for the rest of the day. July 29, crossed the creek, 

JOHN K. Wilson's diary 151 

traveled 23 miles, camped on Lewis' Pork of the Colum- 
bia; 30, traveled 20 miles, camped again on Lewis' 
Fork; 31, crossed a large creek, passed Fish-gate Falls 
of Lewis' Fork. 

August 1, traveled 15 miles, camped at the old cross- 
ing of Lewis' Fork on Oregon Road; 2, traveled 16 
miles, camped on Lewis' Fork again; 3, traveled 15 
miles, camped on a small river, tributary of Lewis' 
Fork; 4, Sunday, traveled Sy^ niiles, camped near a 
large eddy in Lewis' Fork; 5, traveled 12 miles, camped 
on a creek; 6, traveled 22 miles, camped on Lewis' 
Fork; 7, traveled 61^ miles, camped on a creek 11/2 
miles from the river; 8, traveled down Lewis' Fork 15 
miles, camped; 9, traveled down Lewis' Fork 16 miles, 
camped ; 10, traveled 12% miles, camped on Oligees 
River; 11, Sunday, traveled 19yo miles (passed Fort 
Bois, 300 miles from Fort Hall), camped on KyhuU 
Creek ; 12, traveled 23 miles, camped on a small creek 
near some springs. 

August 13, traveled 3 miles, came to Lewis' Fork 
and left it for the last time ; 41/4 miles came to Burnt 
River, tributary of Lewis' Fork of the Columbia River, 
beautiful stream, camped; 14, traveled 8 miles, camped 
on Burnt River; 15, traveled up Burnt River 16 miles, 
camped; 16, traveled 9 miles, camped; 17, traveled over 
the hills 23 miles to the head of Powder River, the first 
large timber for 900 miles ; camped on slough in a large 
valley, snow on the mountains nearby. August 18, Sun- 
day, traveled 16 miles, camped on a tributary of the 
Powder River; 19, traveled 15 miles, camped in a large 
valley near some springs; 20, traveled 13 miles over 
mountains to a creek, and camped ; 21, traveled 18 miles 
over mountains and among tall pine and fir trees to a 
small creek, camped ; 22, remained same place ; 23, trav- 
eled 13 miles through timber, reached Umatilla River, 
camped; 24, traveled 14 miles, crossed Umatilla River, 
9 miles down, camped; 25, Sunday, traveled 18 miles 
over highlands, reached Umatilla River again, camped. 
Kyoos Indians numerous along the LTmatilla. August 26, 


traveled 18 miles, crossed the Umatilla River and a 
small stream of cold water; camped on a barren plain, 
destitute of timber and water. August 27, traveled 15 
miles, passed Alum Spring, camped on the plain; 28, 
traveled 7 miles to a creek, camped for the day; 29, 
traveled 17 miles over hills and hollows destitute of 
timber and water, camped at a spring ; August 30, trav- 
eled 7 miles down a branch and the main stream of 
John Day's River, camped. August 31, my birthday: 
I've passed it over with ten thousand thoughts on my 
past life. A new year is begun with me, far, far from 
home, from friends, from all that's near and dear to me 
on earth. May I live as I should. (He was 30 years of 
age). Traveled 20 miles, reached the Columbia River 
after dark, the wind blowing a gale, clouds of sand 
almost blinding us, camped. 

September 1, traveled down the Columbia four miles 
to DeShoots or Fall River, camped, ferry-man afraid 
to cross us on account of the wind and waves; 2, I 
crossed the river in a canoe, leaving the teams behind, 
and went on to The Dalles, and Camp Drum, where are 
stationed a portion of the United States army to keep 
the Indians in awe and relieve emigrants coming over 
the plains. Here I procured 25 pounds of flour and 
went back and met the boys at a creek four miles from 
where I left them in the morning, I having walked 15 
miles to the American camp and 10 miles back. Saw 
snow on Mount Hood, and on one north of the Colum- 
bia, also one south, perhaps 75 miles distant. Septem- 
ber 3, moved on to Camp Drum, procured some flour 
and meat, then struck out for Oregon City, over the 
spurs of the Cascade Mountains; came to a creek, 
camped, having traveled 15 miles through the day; 4, 
traveled five miles, camped for the day; 5, traveled 7 
miles, crossed a creek, came to another, camped for the 
day; 6, traveled 14 miles, came to a large creek, 
camped; 7, traveled 15 miles, crossed two streams, 
camped on another; 8, 13 miles through large timber 
over rough road, camped; 9, traveled up a creek 
through the largest timber I ever saw and over very 


rough roads; now in the Cascade Mountains, camped. 

September 10, traveled 7 miles, camped on a branch 
of Sandy Creek, rain and cold; 11, traveled 15 miles, 
passed the summit of the Cascade Mountains, camped 
on Sandy Creek; 12, traveled 10 miles down Sandy 
Creek, camped; 13, traveled 14 miles, crossed Sandy 
Creek, camped three miles from it ; 14, traveled 7 miles, 
reached McFoster's, the first house in the settlements in 
Oregon, and camped, where we got flour, potatoes and 
meat ; camped for the day ; 15, Sunday, traveled four 
miles, towards Oregon City, camped ; 16, traveled with- 
in one mile of Oregon City, sold our team for $225.00, 
camped on the Klackamus River; 17, reached the city; 
18, hired to McWalker and Beals for a month at $75.00. 
September 19, same place — Sept. 20th — Sept. 21st, 
same, Sept. 22, Sunday, same place." 

■'Wrinkles should merely indicate where smiles have been." 

— Mark Twain. 




Record kept by Milton Wilson and Chas. J. Cheesman, 

beginning with March, 1899. Dates are 

those of burial, not of death. 

(Corrections and Additions 





4 Henry C. Dollard 


6 Mrs. Cordelia Andrews 



7 Philander H. Chase 


23 Burnham Sloan 



25 Henry A. Sloan 

25 Mrs. Mary Ann Tracy 



7 James Fry 




11 Mrs. Wm. Houston 


16 David M. Potts 




26 John Hancock 



18 Ellis M. Burgess 


18 John Walkington 


19 Mrs. Emma Poth 



27 Ben Manker 


27 Edwin Ward 



3 Mrs. John Sheelor 



16 Child of Geo. Strickler 


17 Miss Libbie Thompson 



1 Child of Mrs. Asa Lair 


12 Child of John Mushbaugh 



30 Mrs. Willis Burgess 



11 John Thacker 



28 Aaron D. Wear 





17 John Best Sr. 


25 Mrs. Geo. Dusten 



3 Miss Agnes Dowdall 



4 Charles B. Ives 



8 Son of Chas. Wirth 


17 Mrs. Jane Bane 



30 Joseph Parents 



2 Child of W. T. Walliker 



11 Dean Williams 


15 Mrs. Lawson F. Lair 



19 George Gruner 


29 Miss Martha Aldrich 


Mrs. Stephen Martin 
Mrs. Susannah Young 
Sumner Thompson 
Child of Orlando Meaker 
Mrs. Dora McMillen 

Mrs. John Morrow 
Child of Roy Gilmore 
]\Irs. John D. Edwards 
Child of Wm. White 
Mrs. Ed Shirley 
Mrs. Rebecca Alford 
Henry E. Calhoun 
Child of Wm. Betts 
Mrs. Jane Peppard 
Oliver Moody 
Child of A. H. Sloan 
Mrs. Alice Merritt 
Frank Rice 

Mrs. M. C. Gillen 
Mrs. Ellis M. Burgess 
Allen M. Wilson 
Milton Cutler 
Mrs. Wm. Proehl 
Wm. P. Merritt 
Mrs. Dan'l Hitchcock 
Louden Clark 
Miss Florence Williams 
Child of Chas. Carroll 
Mrs. Mary Deal 
Mrs. Mary A. Williams 
August T. Kneer 
Mrs. Cora L. Goodman 
Orville C. Garrison 
Mrs. Ann Buchanan 
Child of John Mushbaugh 






















































Dec. 15 

Jan. 6 

Jessie Wear 
Mrs. Rachel Coburn 
Child of Joseph Garvin 
Mrs. Sarah J. Edwards 
Mrs. Louisa DeBow 
Augustus Stowell 
Mrs. Wilbur Hill 
Solomon Godfrey 
Wm. Houston 
Clark Hill 
Wilbur Hill 

Charles A. Fast 
Leo Nelson 
Mrs. Jackson Lair 
A. C. Sutherland 
Milo C. Gillen 
Rayburn Sarver 
Wm. Owens 
Mrs. Ann Ward 
Ernest E. Lincoln 
John Ayling 
Child of Chas. Wirth 
Child of Roy Gilmore 
Mrs. Charles Fry 
Rev. W. S. Baker 
Mrs. Milton Cutler 
Stephen A. Andrews 
Child of Wm. Prescott 
Mrs. Charlotte McMillen 
Child of Hiram Coon 
Mrs. Mary Riel 
Mrs. John H. Russell 
Mrs. Geo. Rowcliff 
Child of Frank Carman 
Child of John Sentz 
Mrs. Josephine Mott 

Carlos Alford 


Mrs. Carrie M. Wilson 

8 Child of Burt Brown 

9 Joseph Armstrong 

19 Child of S. C. Hagerman 

25 Child of Forrest Ellis 

26 Child of Elmer Hammer 

2 Henry Mankle 

3 Mrs. Caroline Friedman 
26 Mrs. Daisy McVicker 

April 2 Mrs. Alice Peters 

8 Child of S. F. Benge 

11 Elroy C. Wear 

12 Child of Otto Mahle 
14 Mrs. Abner Bliss 

17 Tames W. Houston 
May 3 Miss Ethel Nelson 

12 Bowen Beach 
Tune 17 Miss Carrie Wheeler 
July 3 Dr. R. F. Henry 

23 Mrs. Isaac Stowell 
Aug. 21 James A. Stockton 
Oct. 20 Mrs. Eunice Perkins 

Nov. 29 Mrs. Joseph Gray 

30 Miss Susan Debolt 
Dec. 5 Mrs. Mary Lawrence 

23 Child of Harley Sniff 

24 Nicholas Albertson 

25 Mrs. Sadie Rice Goodman 

Edward Mansfield 
Chas. Westerfield 
Mrs. Mary Webber 
Son of Wm. Best Jr. 
Peter Auten 
Richard Huntsinger 
Mrs. Priscilla Bradford 
William R. Armstrong 
Child of Frank Ives 
Daughter of M. Ahart 
Mrs. Maria Strickler 
Mrs. Jasper Dollison 
Child of Henning Johnson 
Child of John DeBow 
Mrs. Geo. Bale 
Child of John H. Felton 
Miss Hepsa Peet 
Toseph Shull 
Fred B. Ellis 
Son of N. E. Adams 
John Bouton 
Rachel Williams 
Mrs. Andrew Dollison 
Son of C. E. Taylor 

Mrs. Janet Porter 
Norman M. Lowry 
Harry Bane 










































24 £ 

Tmr tl L ■-. 

Mar. 14 ilrs- 5ir^ Kr:-:; 

30 Mrs, '. ;:li '" 
ti A^rill5 S— --■'"'-- 7^ 

2S A ' - - 

'•z:-j- 14 ilr=. Cots. Coog 

Segc : • r, - - - - - 

29 Onias W. C 

2» i-rsrieroic il'i 
Oct. IS Mrs- '-- — : 

Dec 14 Ersit25 ; - • 

2r> C 
55 C . 

Mar. 5 Sjg of Wsl rntz 
!<. L \^ --- 
: " H: K- - 



14 Mrs. Elsanor K- 

21 Jolm H. ?-:---■ 

255 Mr?. E-ir_ \ - - 

Jaa. 5 V' ' -" "■' ^ 

20 C -Jl 

L - -.a 


re:-. _. , ' ' ^.'-"-- Grares 

?7 ^ 


Mar. - 

i'- ..-- J.-'--,-i IHingworth 
A^ril 2S Mr5. EIizai>?di Cramer 

^'■- '■ "'■ ^ "' --/' Hyd* 

- - -'- Blaodiar'f 


!3. "^ ' • 

22 Mr5 

X<3T- & iirs. 

Sijpt 2 C 

r 1 - 


li Mrs. 


Oct :: -..-^: 

XoT. % .\Ibert Wefcfcer 

17 Geo. Echrard \izaidt 


Jaa. 7 Mrs. Nzncj- L Henry 






























V J:*-- 






































FrariK n. Purdue 
Mrs. Amanda C. Shull 
Floyd O. Wasson 
Joseph Anderson 
Son of a W. Fry 
Mrs. Lndnda Miller 
Child of Ben Kneer 
Son of Chas. Carroll 
Wniiam J. Bdford 
Mr;. V. E. .\ldrich 
Mrs. Letitia A Elliott 
William Harrison 
Wm. H. ^^'isenb^^g 
Mrs. Myrtle B. Forney 
Mrs. Catherine Best 
Oliver S. Pratt 
John Friedman 
Floyd W. Parker 
John M. Rogers 
Child of Wm. Best Jr. 
Mrs. Lena P. Blanchard 
Miss Agnes Cameron 
Hugh Morrow 
Mrs. Lillian Wear 
Jacob A. Fast 
Clark Williams 

Child of Henning Johnson 

John W. Little 

Mrs. Lizzie Slane 

Infant son of A. A. Dart 

John McC^nnis 

Geo. Tarbox 

Mrs. Harry Applegate 

Abraham L. Hayes 

Mrs. Lillie M. Wflcox 

Charles Fry 

Mrs. Eva Sandberg 

Mrs. Ann Houston 
Edwin L. Barrett 
Sherman T. Henry 
Mrs. Lois Moore Henry 
Mrs. Martha L- Stockton 
Mrs. Isabel Clark 
George Pratt 
Willard Alyea 
Mrs, Augusta Biederbeck 
Mrs. Sarah Selby 

Dec. IX 

Jan. S 


Mar. 10 



April 7 



May 1 




July 8 



Aug. 31 
SepL 21 
Oct 16 

Not. 2 



Dec. 24 

Tan. 3 Nathaniel Sweat Ermis 
7 Geo. Washington Bay 
15 Henry Schroeder 
17 Mrs. Nancy Jane Wisen- 

21 Milton Hart Jr. 
21 John Harrison Heberling 
24 Mrs. Ellen Alloway 

31 Samuel C. Cobum 
Feht 1 Mrs. Jane Pajrne Smith 
1 Mrs. Maria Jane Miller 
31 Heary Hammer 

Elmer Everett Harlan 
George T. Wirth 
Mrs. Eliza E. Barnard 


Miss Dora Dell Wheder 
Rot Everett Felton 
Child of John M. Baxter 
Woodburv V. Sloan 
Mrs- Anna B. Miller 
Miss Alice Peters 
Graham Klinck 
Sidney Winfield Herriott 
Martha Chaptn Smith 
Daniel David Deffenbaugh 
Flavins T. Barrett 
Mrs. Maggie Ayling 

Charles L- Paioier 
Mrs. Catherine Mordock 

-Allen Dooglas Colwell 
Mrs. Eliza E. -A Barr 
David W. Kinnah 
Marcus L. WTieeler 
Charles H. ColNim 
Clyde Alyea 
Child of Ross Bums 
George Rowcliffe 
Robt. Finley Breese 
Otis L. Gedney 
Mrs. Sarah C. Ives 
Benjamin Franklin 

Frederick D. Bawn 












































1 6 





















Mrs. Janet Montgomery 
M. DeTalleyrand Moody 
Grant Garrison 
Child of Thos. Coleman 
Mrs. Amelia Taylor 

William Martzluf 
Mrs. Vernice Kinnah 

Jehiel T. Albertson 
Mrs. Dora Mabel Sheelor 
Mrs. Catherine Josephine 

John D. Edwards 
Mrs. Nina Gue Bronson 
Justus Lee Barrett 
Christopher Betts 
Andrew Jackson Lair 
William Henry Williams 
William Lawrence 
Mrs. Hannah Rickey 

Martin Luther Bingham 
Mrs. Dora Bliss 
Child of William Camp 

James Cornwell Whelpley 
Mabel Carroll 
Mrs. Ellen Delbridge 
Mrs. Elizabeth Gedney 
Mrs. Julia M. Henry 
Mrs. Olive Champ 
Mrs. Harriet Elizabeth 

David Ayers 
Grace Dickinson 
Emma McKay 
Jerome Sloan 
Henry Oertley 
Mary Whelpley 
David LaMay 
Fern Smith 
John Graham 
Mrs. Sarah Rogers 
Albert N. Case 
Chas. Cornwell 
George F. Williams 
Margaret Mushbaugh 
Victor Brunswig 

Oct. 20 Albert Mansfield 
Nov. 19 Mrs. Isaac Hudson 

24 Mrs. Clarissa Kellogg 
Dec. 23 Lars. Larson 

28 Lot Mendell 

Augustus H. Adams 

James Corney 

Mollie Espey Campbell 

William Blue 

Mrs. Jacob Fast 

Harry Romig 

Chas. G. Reese 

R. Eugenie Dickinson 

Mrs. Laura Henry 

Jemima Alter 

Jos. Ephraim Hill 

Mrs. Anna Sutherland 

Mrs. Wm. Wisenburg Jr. 

Wm. Ayling 

Wm. Martin 

Jacob Miller 

Miss Elizabeth Ann Slane 

Ephraim Meaker 

Birdseye Beach 

Newton E. Adams 

W. E. Elliott 

Mrs. Martha Jane Rice 

Emma Hackney 

Walter Ayers 

Leonard Klinck 

Son of Earl Weaver 

Pearl Debord 

Mrs. Mary Hurd 

Jos. Camp 

Mrs. Susan Tarbox 

Jasper Dollison 

Miss Margaret Armstrong 

Mrs. F. B. Blanchard 

Mrs. Charity Karr 

Christian Larson 

Mrs. Wm. Walliker 

Mrs. J. Z. Slane 

Edw. Mansfield 

J. Z. Slane 

William Washington Mott 

Frederick Blanchard 

Delilah Blanchard 































































Mar. 28 Child of Perry O. Camp May 
29 Mrs. Elizabeth Cornwell 

April 1 Mrs. Emeline Morrow June 

6 Alexander Gray July 

20 Child of Edgar Burgess 

8 Mrs. Lettie Case 
11 Ferdinand Mahle 

9 Child of Wm. Peterson 
11 John Shull 

20 Herman Lloyd Mummert 
27 John Sheelor 


From Parish Records. 

Dates are those of burial, not of death. 

(Corrections and Additions invited.) 

Feb. 27 

July 29 
Oct. 1 

Aug. 8 

Aug. 20 
Oct. 25 

Jan. 22 
May 22 
July 10 
Dec. 31 

Jan. 12 
Mar. 4 
April 1 
July 5 
Mar. 27 
May 24 

Mrs. Joseph Goetz 
Francis Weber 
Thomas Byrnes 
Anastasia McCarty 

Maria Smith 

Charles Joseph Ross 
Mrs. Mary Sheehy 

Mrs. Julia Purcell 
Infant son of A. J. Best 
Mrs. Anne Boyle 
Ed. Murphy 

Thomas Wickham 
Bridget Wickham 
Charles Harmon 
Mary Wickham 
Joseph Krebsbach 
Lawrence Wickham 
Mrs. A. Gorman 
Mrs. Marian Burns 

Peter Harmon 
Pearl Mary Crohan 

June 20 Denis Harmon 
July 20 Emma Weber 
Sept. 5 John Hill 
Nov. 22 Mrs. Catherine Duffy 

Jan. 31 Infant son of Wyatt Green 

May 2 Edmund Purcell 
27 Thomas Madden 

July 7 Sarah Burns 

13 James McDermott 
30 Thomas Wickham 

June 29 
Aug. 24 


Thomas Heagney 
Louis A. Huckins 
1 Emma German 
4 Charles W. Callahan 

17 John Powers 

18 Elizabeth Burns 

28 Charles Francis Miller 
6 Frank Boyle 
21 Tames Plunkett 

Feb. 2 Mrs. Nettie O'Brien 

6 Peter Boyle 
April 6 James Aylward 

25 Redmond McDonna 
May 26 John Cully 



June 4 Jeremiah Sullivan 
Aug. 1 Anna Cunningham 
2 Mrs. Jno. McCarty 
Sept. 7 Joseph Friedman 
Nov. 3 Mrs. James Harmon 

Feb. 3 
Oct. 11 


April 4 

July 13 



Nov. 10 

Jan. 29 
April 10 
May 5 


Jan. 4 






Sept. 12 

Jan. 2 
Mar. 18 
April 12 
July 1 

Tan. 13 
Feb. 4 


Mar. 20 
June 29 
July 31 
Sept. 14 


Nov. 4 



Jan. 29 

May 15 

Mrs. John Powers 
Peter Burns 
Francis J. McDonna 

Nettie M. McDermott 
Alice Cudihy Sheehy 
James Byrnes 
Mrs. Patrick Byrnes 
Mrs. Patrick Gallery 

Thomas Leroy Long 
Mrs. Sam Burns 
Ed. F. Byrnes 

James Harmon 

Mrs. Redmond McDonna 

Mrs. Joseph Krebsbach 

Charles Sager 

James Clarence Byrnes 

Mrs. Peter Kelly 

Patrick Gallery 

Johanna Steinman 

Mrs. James Duffy 
Mrs. Chris. Westerfer 
August Yutt 
Mrs. James Sullivan 

Mrs. Patrick Gully 
Thomas Sullivan 
Earl Nicholas Finck 
Mrs. Caroline Friedman 
Adam J. Best 
Mrs. James Sloan 
John German 
Amelia Caspar 
Wm. Long 
John McCarty 
Wm. Rogers 

Patrick Wall 

Mrs. Frank Rotterman 

June 23 
Nov. 7 

Feb. 2 

Mar. 24 
June 21 
Nov. 8 
Dec. 26 

Feb. 28 
Mar. 1 

May 28 
Dec. 15 


Jan. 29 

Feb. 7 




Jan. 16 


Feb. 5 

May 20 



Sept. 29 

Nov. 2 

Jan. 16 
Feb. 5 
Aug. 4 
Oct. 4 

Jan. 12 
April 10 
July 9 
Aug. 30 
Sept. 27 
Dec. 19 

Basilius German 

Mrs. Michael Dempsey 

Peter Kelly 

Mrs. Anna German Meyer 
Mrs. Peter Byrnes 
Lulu McCarty 
Infant son of Mr. and 
Mrs. Geo. Best 

Catherine McDonna 
Infant child of Mr. and 

Mrs. Jos. Cullen 
Mrs. James McDermott 
Michael Noonen 

Rose L. Timmons 
Mrs. Alice Wakefield 
James Aylward 
Mrs. Elizabeth Aylward 

Lena McCarty 
Patrick Cully 
Charles Mulally 
Mrs. Adam Rotterman 
Valentine Noonen 
Wilbur Sylvester Yutt 
Mrs. Ann McCarty 
James McDermott 

Laurence Boyle 
John Morrissey 
Amelia Meyer 
Anabella Shannon 

Christopher Westerfer 
Mrs. A. J. Best 
Mrs. Paul Hammer 
Mrs. Basilius German 
Mary Geitner 
Manuel Cuesada 
Lila Gushing 

Jan. 9 Basilius Heinz 
Mar. 22 Walter McDermott 
Aug. 22 John O. Smith 

25 John Smith 
Oct. 24 Catherine Cunningham 



Nov. 10 
Dec. 2 

Feb. 26 
Mar. 29 
June 1 
Aug. 26 

Michael F. McDonough 
Wyatt Green 

Mrs. Peter Duffy 
Louise McDonna 
Anna Betts 
Infant son of Dr. and 
Mrs. W. W. Dicks 
Sept. 18 Infant son of Mr. and 
Mrs. Terence Smith 
Oct. 10 Mrs. Bridget Madden 
Dec. 17 Mrs. Mary Hull 

April 11 
May 6 
July 16 

Mar. 16 
May 26 

Jan. 27 
Feb. 9 
June 14 
June 30 
July 7 

James Wickham 
Frank Weber 
Frank Rotterman Sr. 

John Geitner Jr. 
Mrs. Wm. Herberger 

Mrs. Peter O'Conner 
Julia Viola Friedman 
Mrs. Fredericka Hofer 
Mrs. Frank German 
Peter Heinz 



Auten Family "^^ 

Bailey Family of Essex Township 76 

Beach Family '''9 

Bliss Family of Peoria County 82 

Burials in Princeville Township Cemetery 154 

Burials in St. Mary's Cemetery 159 

Catholic Church, Princeville, St. Mary of the Woods 58 

Civil War Record of Princeville ' 37 

Colgan Family of Valley Township 96 

Colwell, Henry, Fam.ily 98 

Co.'s "H" and "A" 47th 111. Inf., Members of 41 

Co. "D" 11th 111. Cavalry, Members of 41 

Co. "K" 8Cth 111. Inf., Roster of 42 

Corrections 36 

Cutter Family 101 

Diary of John K. Wilson 144 

Every Year, Poem 23 

Hallock and Adjoining Townships, Early Days in 7 

Harrison, James and Family 108 

Henry Family HO 

July 4th Celebrations, Some Early 5 

Mansfield, Edward, Family of 115 

Map of Princeville in 1840 and 1841 • 4 

Markets, Early 22 

Miller, John and Docia, Family of 117 

Miller, Reminiscences of William Logan 122 

Peoria Battery, Members of 40 

Princeville Academy, The First and the Second 45 

Princeville When First Incorporated 66 

Program of Princeville Academy Exhibition in 1860 56 

Public Square, Princeville's 61 

Silliman Family 126 

Slane, John Z., War Letter from 39 

Smith, Benjamin, Family of Essex Township 131 

Soldier Dead in Princeville Cemeteries 43 

St. Mary of the Woods . 58 

Thief Detective and Mutual Aid Association, History of 24 

Timmons Family of Essex Township 136 

War Letter from John Z. Slane 39 

White Family 139 

Wilson, Aaron, Family 142 

Wilson, Diary of John K 144