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Full text of "History and reminiscences, from the records of Old settlers union of Princeville and vicinity; material comprised in reports of committees on history and reminiscences for years 1906-"

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HISTORY 



AND 



REMINISCENCES 



Old Settlers' Union 
of Princeville 
and Vicinity 



p^BCORDS OF 



1916 
1917 
1918 
1919 
1920 
1921 
1922 



VOLUME in 



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LIBRARY OF THE 

UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS 

AT URBANA-CHAMPAIGN 

977.352 
V.3 



Illinois Historical Survey 




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UNIVERSITy Of ILLINOIS 
URBANA 




Recording Secretary, 1906-1922 
Old Settlers' Union of Princevllle and Vicinity 



VOL. Ill 



HISTORY 

AND 

REMINISCENCES 



FROM THE RECORDS OF 

OLD SETTLERS' UNION 

OF PRINGEVILLE 

AND VICINITY 



Material comprised in 

Reports of Committees on History and Reminiscences 

for years 1916, 1917, 1918, 1919, 1920, 1921, 1922 



Published under the auspices of 

Old Settlers' Union of Princeville and Vicinity 

August. 1922 



ODILLON B. SLANE 
MRS. ETTA EDWARDS 
PETER AUTEN 
STEWART CAMPBELL 

Publishing Committee 






THE OLD SETTLERS' UNION OF PRINCEVILLE 

AND VICINITY. 



Organized August 22, 1906, and first picnic held 
September 19 of same year. 

Object, "To perpetuate the memories of pioneer 
days, foster a reverence for our forefathers, and en- 
courage the spirit of fellowship and hospitality." 

Annual picnic and reunion last Thursday in August, 
unless changed by Executive Committee. 

Eligible to membership : Any person 21 years of 
age, having resided within the State of Illinois one 
year; dues $1.00 per year. 

Townships included : Princeville, Akron, Mill- 
brook, Jubilee, Hallock and Radnor in Peoria County; 
Essex, Valley and West Jersey in Stark County; Truro 
in Knox County; and LaPrairie in Marshall County. 

Committees on History and Reminiscences : 

1916: Peter Auten, A. A. Dart, G. I. McGinnis. 

1917: Peter Auten, A. A. Dart, O. B. Slane. 

1918: Peter Auten, A. A. Dart, O. B. Slane. 

1919: Mrs. Etta Edwards. 

1920: O. B. Slane, Mrs. Etta Edwards. 

1921 : O. B. Slane, Mrs. Etta Edwards. 

1922: O. B. Slane, Mrs. Etta Edwards, Peter Auten, 
Stewart Campbell. 



INTRODUCTION TO VOL. III. 

This book, a companion to Vol. I issued in 1912, 
and Vol. II issued in 1915, is a reproduction with a 
few corrections and additions of the various sketches 
as transmitted by the respective committees to the 
Union in years 1916 to 1922, inclusive, and the year of 
writing is indicated on each sketch. Articles on 
general subjects are given first, then family histories 
in alphabetical order, then lists of the World's War 
service men from the different townships, and finally 
lists of the burials in Princeville's two cemeteries. 
Lists of burials in other cemeteries within the terri- 
tory of the O. S. U. P. V. are suggested for the next 
Volume. 

Special attention is called to the lists of service 
men by townships. The committee felt that these lists 
should be compiled and preserved while available. 

Each of the Reminiscence Committees has realized 
that the families named in its sketches are but a few 
taken from among the many worthy the pen of a 
historian. The Publishing Committee therefore hopes 
that this volume will be an incentive to the writing of 
additional family sketches, and also of additional 
sketches on memorable events or subjects of a general 
nature, which may in due time be published in another 
volume similiar to this one. 

The families whose history is herein printed are 
urged to preserve enough copies of this volume for 
each of their children. Several have indicated their 
intention of purchasing Vols. I and II, also, in order 
to have a complete set of the books from the start; 
and some are planning to have all three volumes per- 
manently bound together. 

Price of this Volume, postpaid : 60 cents. 

A limited number of copies of Vols. I and II may 
be had while they last at the same price as Vol. III. 
Send orders for either volume to Miss Mary Smith, 
Princeviile, 111. 



MOTHER OF PIONEERS. 
By Odillon B. Slane, 1921. 



Mother of the pioneers, 

Queen of the cabin home, 
Out where the dark forest clears. 

And where wild Indians roam ; 
Where the back-log's blazing tongues 

Warm up the hearth of stone; 
And where the scout devours his meal 

Of venison and pone. 

Mother of the pioneers, 

Where frosted prairies wild, 
Reach to the far off frontiers; 

Where the sun of morning smiled 
On ranch and hut of western peers, 

(As these are often styled) 
Like as a mother's smile that cheers 

The heart-throbs of her child. 

Mother of the pioneers. 

Next to Nature's own, 
Memories of the years aglow 

Are with us in the gloam; 
Only in the yester year. 

When shades of evening shone, 
Lingering here — a presence near — 

We are not all alone. 

Mother of those pioneers. 

Who turned the virgin loam, 
Where harvests of the after years 

Now gladden the modern home. 
The halo of a sunset nears, 

Where truest love is known ; 
Mother of the pioneers. 

We worship at thy throne. 

Mother of the pioneers, 

A future blessing see; 
Thine throughout the coming years 

A hallowed name shall be ; 
A power — a glory shall be thine, 

A kingdom that is free. 
And offspring from the parent vine 

Shall rise to honor thee. 



HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

PRINCEVILLE'S FIRST BAND. 
By S. S. Slane 1922. 



The organization of Princeville's first band was 
planned in 1849. The money to purchase the instru- 
ments was raised by subscription. The instruments 
when purchased were shipped to Princeton, 111., and 
B. F. Slane and William Clark drove to Princeton with 
a team after them. Members of this band, together 
with their instruments were : 

Graham Klinck, Leader, post horn, 

Dr. Robert F. Henry, tenor trombone, 

Benj. F. Slane, bass drum. 

John Z. Slane, ophicleide, 

George W. Hitchcock, bass trombone, 

Albert Rowley, clarinet, 

Thomas Clarke, cornopean, 

Mr. Bowers, cornopean. 

The first director of this band was a Mr. Mills from 
Galesburg, 111. On July 4th, 1850, the band played for 
a celebration at Brimfield, 111. There were but few 
houses between Princeville and Brimfield at that time, 
and in passing by each house the band would play a 
tune. On arriving at Brimfield they met their former 
director, Mr. Mills, who was surprised and delighted 
to note the progress made since he had last played 
with them. 

On July 4, 1851, this band played for a celebration 
at Chillicothe, 111., whither they went riding on a hay- 
rack. Some of the pieces played were : ''Washington 
Crossing the Delaware", "Star Spangled Banner", 
"Hail Columbia", "Old Virginia", and "Washington's 
Grand March". 



PRINCEVILLE CORNET BAND 



PRINCEVILLE CORNET BAND. 

(Otherwise known as Klinck's Cornet Band) 

1873—1889. 
By F. M. Klinck 1922. 

The Princeville Cornet Band was organized in the 
fall of 1873 by William F. Bettis who served as leader 
and instructor for six months. Business calling him 
away at this time, at his suggestion F. M. Klinck, 
more commonly known as Marion, was chosen leader 
and instructor, which position he held with the band 
for fifteen years, or until the spring of 1889 when the 
Klinck brothers removed to Nebraska. During this 
period the band was never disorganized but was al- 
ways ready to fill engagments at the shortest possible 
notice, having many special calls to Peoria. In politics 
the band was neutral and many of our citizens will re- 
member the good old times when the band headed 
delegations, Republicans and Democrats alike in presi- 
dental campaigns to Peoria, Elmwood, Galesburg, 
Galva and many other towns in this part of central 
Illinois. 

PERSONELLE OF THE BAND. 

F. M. Klinck, Director, Eb Cornet, 
Melvin Klinck, Cornet Soloist, 
Douglas Klinck, Solo Bb Cornet. 
H. C.Petitt, 1st Bb Cornet, 
Charles Rowclifife, 1st Bb Cornet, 
Charles Blanchard, Solo Eb Alto, 
Augustus Sloan, 1st Eb Alto, 
Wallace Sloan, 2nd Eb Alto, 
William McDowell, 1st Bb Tenor, 
Neal Russell, 2nd Bb Tenor, 
Newton Pratt, Bb Baritone, 
Leonard Klinck, 1st Bb Bass, 
O. S. Pratt, 2nd Bb Bass, 
Elgin Klinck, Eb Bass, 
Jonah Pratt, Bass Drum and cymbals, 
Aquilla Metzel, Tenor Drum. 



8 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

Since the band was disorganized in 1889 the follow- 
ing members have died: Charles Blanchard, Jonah 
Pratt, O. S. Pratt, Newton Pratt, William McDowell, 
H. C. Petitt, Leonard Klinck. 



SINGING ORGANIZATIONS OF PRINCEVILLE. 
By Mrs. Etta Edwards, 1922. 



In conversing with our pioneers whose memories 
go back to our earliest days, we find the stories of the 
old-fashioned singing school among the most interest- 
ing. During the long winter evenings the young people 
of the neighborhood would gather in the old school- 
house, church, or some home, reaching there by way 
of the lumber wagon, sled, on horseback, or on foot, 
and spend many happy hours in song, led by a teacher 
with the aid of nothing more than a tuning fork. 
Among the early teachers were George Houston, F. B. 
Blanchard, John Seery, and Ellis M. Burgess. Much 
melody, rare good times, and ability in singing by note 
was the result, and incidently not a few matches were 
made, there being keen rivalry in the selection of "pard- 
ners". On one occasion a young man who had out- 
witted his rival in securing the company of his girl in- 
formed his rival scathingly, "You can go 'long with the 
cows." At parties the evening was finished by a circle 
of happy young people singing a farewell song and 
night was made melodious as they made their way 
homeward. 

Children in school were taught geography and the 
multiplication table by song, and song was a part of 
family worship in many homes. One lady said "Why, 
when I was a little girl I could read music by note 
before I could read words." 

Arnong the names of Princeville people whose love 
of music has made them of great benefit to our commun- 
ity, life, that of Ellis M. Burgess is prominent. Be- 



SINGING ORGANIZATIONS OF PRINCEVILLE 9 

sides his gift as a singer he was an expert snare drum- 
mer. He was choir leader in the Presbyterian church for 
many years, and taught singing school in the various 
social centers in and around Princeville, spending most 
of his evenings in the work. Arriving here in the 
stirring times of recruiting for the Civil War, his talent 
and gift of leadership were immediately utilized. He 
organized a glee club for the singing of war songs and 
they won great popularity throughout this part of the 
country. On one occasion when Governor Yates was 
speaker at a grand rally in Peoria, this Glee Club 
was invited to sing at an open air meeting at the Court 
House Square. The Glee Club was met outside the 
City by a delegation of prominent citizens and escort- 
ed to the Court House Square. They sang from a stand 
on one side of the Court House and were then taken 
to a stand on the other side where they sang again, 
so that all this throng of people might hear. During 
the singing of one of the choruses which contained 
the words "Look out there now, I'se gwine to shoot" 
revolvers were discharged on the word "Shoot" and 
the effect produced wild enthusiasm from the audience. 
The popularity of the Club became so great that Clubs 
which had been singing before the arrival of the Prince- 
ville Club were heard no more, and the Princeville 
Club was forced to sing again and again. They were 
taken into the most prominent homes of Peoria and 
were entertained royally. It was said no other in- 
fluence touched the hearts of the people and did more 
for the good cause than the songs sung by this Club. 
At a Fourth of July Rally in Princeville when Rev- 
erend Dick Haney had delivered an oration which was 
followed by a song from the Club, he rose, swung his 
silk hat in the air and shouted "Three cheers for the 
best singing I have ever heard in my life." The 
names of these singers were Lydia Owens, Robie and 
Diana Packer, Dr. Cutter, John Seery, and Ellis M. 
Burgess. Others who sang from time to time were 
John French, Charlie Stevens, Charlie Brocket, Mag- 
gie Nixon and Maria Stevens. 



10 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

Another Club, calling themselves the Awkward 
Squad, was organized after the War. This Club, which 
became popular, was composed of Allen Fast, Jim 
McGinnis. Charlie Cutter, Maggie and Fida Edwards, 
Emma Bliss, Phronia Owens, and Dora Burgess. One 
of their number when but a little girl sang at a con- 
cert given in Princeville by the afterwards world- 
famous Emma Abbott. While practicing at the Owens' 
Hotel previous to her recital. Miss Abbott heard the 
voice of a little girl in the distance, imitating her with 
such sweetness and purity of tone that she sought her 
out and arranged lor her appearance on the platform 
that evening. The little girl was Phronia Owens, and 
of her, as well as her sisters, Princeville became very 
proud. Lydia Owens, w^ho has devoted her life to 
music, began teaching singing in Princeville and vicin- 
ity at the age of seventeen. She has studied music in 
Chicago, London and Paris. She led the sopranos in 
the chorus of "The Creation" when it was given by 
Parepa Rosa at her last appearance in Chicago. She 
led the quartette in the People's Church in Chicago for 
years and is still successfully following her chosen 
work. Carrie Bell Owens, a younger sister, also 
studied abroad and, like her sister, has been a success- 
ful teacher of piano and voice in Chicago. 

Another line in which Princeville has been un- 
usually rich is in her male quartettes. Many can re- 
member the one composed of Jim Carman, Frank 
Slater, Paul Hull, and Harry Burgess. Their popu- 
larity soon became so great that no entertainment was 
complete without them as a drawing card. Then there 
were Willis Hoag, Eden Andrews, Walt Fast, Mervin 
Hoag (whose place was filled when he left Prince- 
ville, by Sherman Henry), who were sought after from 
far and near, and who loved so much to sing that they 
were known to sit on the cemetery fence and sing to 
an imaginary audience at midnight. Clarence Phillips, 
Otto Rogers, Byron and Emmett Fast formed another 
group which made an indelible impression on the peo- 



SINGING ORGANIZATIONS OF PRINCEVILLE 11 

pie who heard them. The next quartette to delight 
the public was composed of Carl B. Moore, Addie Dart, 
W. M. Keck, and Dr. Hawkes. The people of to-day 
never fail to show their appreciation of our present 
quartette composed of Dr. Hawkes, W. M. Keck, 
W. O. Foster, Harry Rose; and our present high 
school male quartette composed of Orvis Hoag, Ar- 
mond Foster, Luther Mansfield and Lester Hawkes, 
may make them all take a minor place when they 
reach the zenith of their power. 

As a community, we owe much gratitude to the 
Improvement Society, for a line of work adopted by 
them in the year 1908. Several attempts had been 
made to put a musical instructor into our school, but 
finances were low and music uncertain, so the Im- 
provement Society voted to assume the responsibility 
of paying the instructor's salary. They continued to 
do this until the year 1918, when the Board of Di- 
rectors were able to assume the responsibility. Be- 
sides the payment of the instructor's salary the Im- 
provement Society bought and donated to the school 
a piano, several organs, paid for much of the music 
used, and gave a donation for the purchase of vic- 
trola records. 

Nor do we forget our Church Choirs which have 
always been in their places through fair or foul 
weather to cheer or encourage us, or to soothe and 
make us forget our sorrows. Their cooperation with 
such faithful persons as Maggie Edwards, who played 
the organ and led the singing in the Presbyterian 
Church for years ; Mrs. Maria Auten who, undaunted 
by family cares brought her little ones into the choir 
with her and played the organ while she sang; and 
Hattie Blanchard Wear, who began playing and singing 
in the Methodist Church at the age of fourteen, and 
who has served through regular services and revivals 
unceasingly; and Alice Peters, who sang her way into 
the hearts of the people here and in foreign lands, and 
finally into Heaven ; and Marie Henry, whose voice 
was never more powerful than when uplifted in song 



12 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

for the cause of humanity; and others as devoted; has 
had an influence for good which cannot be estimated. 
Edward Auten Jr., with the assistance of Marie Henry, 
through persistent effort among the people succeeded 
in raising by subscription enough money to buy and 
place in the Presbyterian Church, in June 1905, our 
first pipe organ, and Mr. Auten has been pouring forth 
his soul through his beloved organ ever since, to the 
appreciation of his hearers. 

On the evening of the dedication of the organ Miss 
Edith Campbell, who has become one of the best pipe 
organists in Peoria, gave a recital which delighted the 
audience and recalled her faithful work as organist and 
leader in musical work of the church while she lived 
in Princeville. 

As we come to the present time, we cannot fail 
to pay a tribute to Miss Fern Parents who for several 
years played and sang, first in the Catholic Church, 
and later in the Methodist Church, and who has given 
her wonderful gift of song and leadership so freely 
to the people, that we feel she is our very own. 

Through the cooperation of the many people who 
love to use their voices in the praise of God, Prince- 
ville has had some wonderful treats in oratorios, can- 
tatas, and other musical entertainments, the excel- 
lence of which has brought audiences which tax our 
Churches to the limit. 

May we never lack for singers in our Churches, 
and may there always be someone to honor and cherish 
the singers of each generation as their accomplish- 
ments shall also become reminiscences. 



ODE ON A PAIR OF OLD ANDIRONS. 

By Ruth E. Perkins, a grand-niece of Elizabeth A. 

Slane ("Aunt Betty") of Princeville who 

had owned these Andirons. 1917. 

Dignified, solemn, antiquely modern, the old hand- 
wrought iron andirons stand guard in the old-fashioned 



ODE ON A PAIR OF OLD ANDIRONS 13 

fireplace. On the evenings when no fire leaps and 
grasps at the shadows in the fireplace they seem only 
what they actually are, marvelously preserved relics 
of the past; but when there is a fire in that fireplace 
they change, slowly, mysteriously, and through the 
medium of the ruddy flames, become the romantic 
historians of over a hundred years ago. 

Against the glowing background they stand, black 
sentinels, while between them, as through an open 
portal, go the spirits of our imaginations to find, in 
the glowing embers, pictures of the long ago. 

Where are the infinitely skillful, work hardened 
hands which fashioned from the native metal those 
everliving monuments to his memory? 

What giants of the forest have lain, shorn of their 
beauties, pathetic in their helpless strength, cradled 
on their black arms, then to be wrapped forever in 
the warming blanket of the flames? 

What scenes of household work and pleasures have 
they witnessed? What sumptuous Christmas dinners 
cooked within the fireplace's cavernous mouth? What 
stories told around the fire on a winter's evening while 
the children cracked nuts and roasted chestnuts and 
apples in the glowing coals? What apple parings and 
quilting bees? What candy pulls and jolly kitchen 
dances, while the winking, twinkling, dancing flames 
kept time as did the dancers to the music? What 
tender lover's sighs, and mother's crooning lullabyes? 
What swarthy Indian faces, giving back a redder hue 
to the crackling, snapping fire of an early settler's log 
cabin? What scenes of want, and hunger and stub- 
born courage and hope and faith? What pictures of 
thanksgiving and joy and love? 

Over a hundred years, and the faces and forms, 
the sorrows and pleasures of those people of long ago 
are gone to return no more. Still those old black, hand- 
wrought andirons stand, silent sentinels, content — 
with their memories. 



14 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

REMINISCENCES BY PHRONIA OWENS HALL 

1920, 1921 and 1922. 

Stephen A. Douglas Visit to Princeville 



During the Lincoln and Douglas campaign a won- 
derful experience came to the little Owens children. 
They heard their father say, "The Little Giant will 
be here to supper tonight. He's going to make a 
speech in the hall." The only giants they knew were 
in the circus which occasionally visited Chillicothe, 
so they could hardly wait for the night to come. The 
bands began to play, and cheers could be heard on 
all sides. They kept out of sight as much as possible, 
fearing they might be sent to bed early. Finally they 
stole down the stairs and peeked into the sitting room 
and there, lying on the lounge, was a man. And at 
the sight of that God-like head, they whispered, "Yes, 
that's a giant's head." Just as they had reached that 
far in their whispering, a pair of the dearest, kindly 
eyes looked at the little culprits, and the richest voice 
said, "Little ones come in and talk to me won't you?" 

They went in at once, and up to the lounge, plac- 
ing their hands in the outstretched ones of the Little 
Giant. He asked the name of each. Then he said, 
"Willie you'll give me a kiss, won't you?" Willie did 
without hesitation, as did Eddy. The little girl did 
not respond. Then he said, "Phronia aren't you going 
to give me a kiss?" "Oh no," said the little imp, 
"Girls mustn't kiss giants." The wonderful Douglas 
understood, and laughed, and laughed, as he still held 
the hand of the little girl. Then baby Eddy spoke up, 
"I like you!" "Do you now?" said the Douglas, then 
looked expectantly at the other two. Willie promptly 
responded, "I do too !" Phronia hesitated, then — as the 
kindly eyes looked into hers — she said, "Oh yes, I like 
you, but I must not kiss you." He looked at her— 
then — "You dear little woman, you!" Then the 
Mothers voice was heard calling, and they bade good- 
by to their "Little Giant" and went up stairs to bed; 



REMINISCENCES BY PHRONIA OWENS HALL 15 

but not to sleep for some time, for the wonderful 
Douglas had impressed himself on the minds and 
hearts of those children forever. They longed to fol- 
low him. The receding notes of the band seemed to 
be bearing their loved friend away, far away from 
them. The morning came, and with eager faces they 
came down the stairs with a longing in their hearts to 
greet their ''Little Giant" again. And many tears were 
shed when they were told that he had gone. 

Today — the only one left of that little company 
kneels at the tomb of Stephen A. Douglas. More than 
sixty years have passed since the little girl of the Yes- 
terdays looked into his dear kind eyes, and placed her 
hand in his. Wonderful indeed is a personality which 
will stamp itself so indelibly on the heart and mind 
of a child. He rests from all trouble and care, in the 
city of Chicago. His tomb is surrounded with beau- 
tiful foliage, trees, and flowers, while to the East, 
great Lake Michigan washes her waves in a requiem 
at his feet. His majestic figure in bronze tops the 
great shaft of his monument; but in the heart of the 
little girl he builded a monument which time, nor 
space, can ever destroy. Gaze on, kindly eyes across 
the waves to the distant shores ; and in "the Land 
where our dreams come true," may the little girl of 
the Yesterdays find you. 

PHRONIA OWENS HALL. 

Note. S. S. Slane says : The reception Committee 
on the occasion of the Douglas visit to Princeville in 
1857 or '58, was Benjamin Slane, Col. James Henry 
and Esq. Ira Moody. Mr. Slane, as President of the 
meeting, introduced Mr. Douglas, who spoke from the 
South porch of Hitchcock's hall. 



Friday afternoons at the old stone schoolhouse 
were given to speaking. The first time the little 
Owens children attended, they heard an orator in — 
embryo — declaim "Mary had a little lamb." "Its 



16 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

fleece was white as snow." They enjoyed the master- 
piece immensely; but could hardly wait to get home. 
Then began a search for a most wonderful insect. 
Every dog and cat in the neighborhood was thorough- 
ly investigated. Their dog Ponto's experience was 
especially tiresome. Even though there were six little 
hands busy, it took some time to go over the body of 
the huge mastiff. He bore it patiently — as do all great 
souls bear the trials and vexations of this life. Colum- 
bus could not have been more enthusiastic over dis- 
covering the new world, than were these children in 
pursuit of the new insect. When asked by the mother 
what they were doing, they said "Why, we're huntin' 
for white fleas." *'A little girl in school spoke about a 
little lamb that had white fleas." The mother could 
hardly keep from showing what she thought, but 
quietly explained to the would-be discoverers the 
difference in the words which sounded so much alike. 
But oh, the disappointment to the energetic little 
workers ! Ponto was perfectly satisfied with the ex- 
planation. 

PHRONIA OWENS HALL. 



Few of those in Princeville know that one of the 
fiercest battle of the 60's was fought in that town. 
When the news came of the assassination of Abraham 
Lincoln, the children were coming from school across 
the public square. Two girls were walking side by 
side. The older said with a sneer, *T'm glad old Lin- 
colns' dead!" The little red head beside her looked 
at her in amazement, then got busy. When she had 
finished, the enemy lay yelling on the ground, minus 
two handfuls of hair, several pieces of epidermis, and 
the blood of a traitor to our glorious Lincoln was 
moistening the soil of the patriotic town. When the 
little red head arrived home, her mother exclaimed, 
"What's happened to your new sunbonnet?" The 
little brother spoke up, "She was fightin' with a girl 



REMINISCENCES BY PHRONIA OWENS HALL 17 

all cross the square." "What for?" said the Mother. 
The reply came like a shot. ''Cause that girl said she 
was glad old Lincoln was dead!" The Mother looked 
at the red head picked up the new sunbonnet, went 
into the next room and closed the door. There were 
no lickens in the family that day. 



Thomas Alwood kept the dram shop of Princeville 
in the 50's. Every Saturday afternoon many would 
come from miles around to celebrate. Two most in- 
teresting characters would, after filling up, engage in 
a fight. They would seldom hit each other. Having 
imbibed so freely, their eye sight was poor. They 
would strike what looked like knockouts, miss, then 
fall over on the ground. After tiring of that, they 
would stagger to some tree or side of a house, and 
sleep oft* the effects of their spree. Many times a little 
girl would find Bill leaning against the tavern kept by 
her father. The drunkard was a friend to the little 
child who often sang to him. He would call to her, 
"Come my HI' friend, shing to me." "Shing, Do they 
mish me at home, do they mish me." The little girl 
would sing the old song. 

"Do they miss me at home, do they miss me, 

'Twould be an assurance most dear 
To know that this moment some loved one 

Was saying, I wish he were here." 

Bill, joining in a word or two, shedding a few 
tears, and joining in again, would finally roll over on 
the ground and go to sleep. No matter how much 
under the influence of liquor. Bill was always the cour- 
teous gentleman to his little friend. She loved him, 
as did her dog Ponto. They would have fought 'til 
they died for old Bill. Why is it a child, and a dog, 
always love a drunkard? A mystery unsolved. 



I think we can all look back to some time or place 
where a word was spoken, or an act performed, which 



18 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

helped us along the difficult path of life. Mine came 
one day at the old Academy, when Maggie Edwards 
read her most helpful essay, "Nil desperandum," 
(never despair!) I thrilled, and thrilled, as she read it. 
A short time after that, in my thirteenth year, I left 
Princeville. In all the years following, that splendid 
motto has remained with me. When sorrows and 
trials have come — as they do to all mortals — I have 
said, Nil desperandum ! I still repeat it! And shall 
do so until the battle shall be over. 

PHRONIA OWENS HALL. 



The "Travelers Rest" kept by William Owens was 
a stopping place for many of the noted men of Illinois 
on their hunting trips up Spoon River way, — Clark and 
Bob Ingersoll, Oglesby, Yates, Tom Cratty, many, 
many who made Illinois famous for her statesmen. 
'Twas no small task for Mrs. Owens to prepare the 
wonderful suppers which were served at midnight for 
those ravenously hungry hunters on their homeward 
way, their hunting bags filled with game from the 
great forests around Princeville. Oh the clashes of 
wit, and the jolly laughter, as they would gather at 
the long table set for them. And many were the words 
of praise bestow^ed on Mrs. Owens and her very cap- 
able helpers, Mary Umbaugh and Sarah Chambers. 
My, what strong, brave souls, were the women of those 
days ! Hardly an hour in the twenty-four they could 
call their own for rest or recreation. No age, past, or 
present, can surpass them. 

So, old Illinois, when yev a hearkin back 
To the days o' huntin', fishin", an' swimmin', 

In yer words of praise — Xow don't be slack, 
Jest take off yer hat to them wimmin. 

In the days when ye was sore beset, 

An the situation was a grim un, 
Did they holler, an fret? No, ye jest bet, 

Not a squeal from them gritty wimmin. 



REMINISCENCES BY PHRONIA OWENS HALL 19 

They picked up the ax, they picked up the hoe, 
They made supper when light was a dimmin', 

From morn til night they was on the go, 

My! What was they made of — them wimmin? 

We know, when they was drawin' near "The Gate", 
Good St. Peter 'd keep the light a glimmin'. 

An' at ''The Entrance" he'd patiently wait 

Til they was all there — them faithful wimmin. 

PHRONIA OWENS HALL. 
Oct. 10, 1920. 



MARION KLINCK, THE ORATOR, HAS 

A RIVAL. 

One of the youngs scholars at the old stone school 
house was not satisfied with the soft little pieces 
given to the girls to speak on Friday afternoons. She 
would hear the boys, Marion Klinck, Allen Fast, 
Warren Bouton and others speak such perfectly thrill- 
ing and bloodcurdling pieces, that she determined 
'twas not fair to make the girls speak "Twinkle, 
twinkle little star" and "Sing little birdie, sing." One 
memorable afternoon Marion Klinck spoke **Rienzi's 
Address to the Romans." Talk about oratory ! They 
knew his efforts could not be equalled in the world. 
When he came to the lines, ''Rouse ye Romans!" 
''Rouse ye slaves !" they were all roused and were 
slaves at his bidding. The little girl, however, felt 
that she too, could rouse them, if she could speak that 
piece. So the next day she determined she would go 
where she could practice undisturbed, and prove that 
a girl could rouse 'em too. Selecting Cap. Williams 
field, she wended her way to the stadium. The woods 
were full of birds and squirrels, which pleased her im- 
mensely, as they were her friends, she knew. Mount- 
ing a huge log which stretched across an old path, 
she began the greatest effort of her life. As she pro- 
gressed, the forest friends began to show uneasiness 
new to them when their little friend was near. When 



20 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

she reached those incomparable lines, ''Rouse, ye 
Romans !" every bird took flight, and the squirrels dis- 
appeared as if by magic. The successful oratress stood 
erect with hands stretched forth as if in the real pres- 
ence of the Romans, and said, "Haven't I proved that 
my speech is as good as Marion's?" "Didn't I rouse 
'em?" She went home, dancing and skipping all the 
way. Of course she did not mention that she wished 
to cross swords with Marion on next speakin' day for 
the prize. She knew 'twould be no use. The judges 
were men ! The teacher was a man ! They, of course, 
would be shocked at a small girl speaking such a 
"piece." Those days 'twas women sufferin'. Today, 
'tis Women's Suffrage! 

Marion, I challenge you! 



Steve Bunker drove the stage between Peoria and 
Toulon in the 60's. One day a man spoke slightingly 
of his wife to Bunker. Steve turned on him and 

said, "Mr. if an angel from heaven was to 

come down here, and tell me your wife wasn't a good 
woman, I'd say, 'Mister angel, you get back to Heaven 
mighty quick, before you get your wings clipped !' " 

Good old Steve ! 

PHRONIA OWENS HALL. 



BABY DAYS: A TRIBUTE TO S. S. SLANE. 

When W^illiam and Mary Owens took possession 
of "the old tavern" (parts of it still stand) they called 
it "The Travellers Rest", and many noted men of 
Illinois found the name appropriate. Their daughter 
Sophronia had arrived at the mature age of four and 
a half years. She enjoyed the new home immensely, 
for at that time there came into her life her first 
sweet-heart. He passed by on the path which led 
'round the old corner many times a day, and she 
would watch for him. He came from down by the old 
saw-mill, where the great walnut trees were. Every 



REMINISCENCES BY PHRONIA OWENS HALL 21 

child in Princeville knew that walnut grove, and the 
winter evenings were made glorious, as the family and 
friends would gather around the huge fireplace, and 
partake of unmatchable walnuts. 

Every day Sophronia would take her stand on the 
old porch at the corner, to watch her Knight pass by. 
Soon, from down the road, he would appear. Head 
up, shoulders back, fearless eyes — large and steadfast 
— looking straight forward. Then, when he had 
passed, she would tip-toe behind him, and follow as 
long as she dared. She would look away up to that 
lofty head, and wonder, and wonder how long it would 
be before her head would be as near to the sky as his. 

The years went by, many changes came. And the 
little girl of the yesterdays became a woman, — with 
all the perplexities which have attended woman since 
she first partook of that treacherous Apple, in her 
earnest desire to please Mr. Adam. 

After more than sixty years Sophronia returns to 
the old home town. She wanders about trying to find 
the old familiar places. They too are gone, like the 
gold from her hair. She goes down where the old 
saw-mill used to stand. Not a trace of it! The 
glorious walnut trees have vanished ! The little creek, 
which used to bubble so merrily, looks as though it 
too was tired, oh, so tired waiting for the little feet 
of by-gone-days to come and patter in it. The home 
of her Knight is gone, taking with it the dear, sweet 
memories of her baby days. 

With tears suffusing her eyes, she turns and wan- 
ders back to the old Alwood place where she was born. 
The railroad had taken off all the beautiful garden, 
trees and rose-bushes, but part of the house still 
stands, as if in defiance of "the advance of progress." 
Its spirit renews the courage of Sophronia as, with 
book and pencil in hand, she stops by the East fence 
to note the hop-vine which seems a brave descendant 
of the by-gone one which used to furnish the yeast 
for many a loaf of matchless bread. 



22 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

Then she wanders on toward Cap. Williams' field. 
Where, where is that wonderful place? A modern ball 
ground and modern homes have driven away the blue- 
bells, Jack-in-the-pulpits, and violets, and the mar- 
velous number of singing birds, and squirrels and 
rabbits. That field really belonged to the children in 
those days. No one disputed their rights. For they 
did not go forth to destroy as in the present age. 

With the rebellion of childhood filling her heart 
she returns, with lagging step, to the town. She 
comes to *'the old public square" (now a modern park) 
where there is a gathering of old settlers for their an- 
nual picnic. 

Suddenly she beholds a figure, tall, with only a 
slight stoop to the shoulders, approaching. As he 
comes nearer, she looks into a pair of keen gray eyes 
looking straight forward — unconquerable. Then she 
boldly puts out her hand, and speaks his name. He 
looks into her eyes while courteously holding her 
hand, but alas — he does not know her. She has par- 
taken freely of life's tragedies in the great world, 
while he has remained in the old home town. Her 
hair is whiter than is his e'en though she came to 
the world many, many years after his arrival on this 
planet. 

Then she speaks the name of her baby-hood days, 
and those wonderful eyes light up with the same 
kindly look they held away back when she used to 
trot along behind him to admire his wonderful height. 
His keen intellect has stayed with him. And one 
knows, when she looks into those eyes, that the in- 
domitable courage is still back of them. When he 
reaches St. Peter's Gate that look will still be there, 
and the Great Door will swing upon at once, to re- 
ceive him — the Knight of her baby-hood days. "Clean, 
fine, honest, faithful!" will come The Voice from 
within. "Enter thou into the joys of Paradise, and 
greet those whom thou hast loved in the olden days, 
but who preceded thee into my Kingdom !" 



REMINISCENCES BY PHRONIA OWENS HALL 23 

And when I too shall come to that Gate, may we 
grasp hands just as in the olden days. 
For Auld Lang Syne. 

PHRONIA OWENS HALL. 



BABY DAYS: A TRIBUTE TO MR. AND MRS. 

PETER AUTEN SR. 

Away back in the "old stone school-house" days, 
a little girl used to wander along the great osage hedge 
which marked the property of Peter Auten Sr. ad- 
joining the school-house. There never was such a 
fine hedge in all the wide world, thought the small 
one, as she would stop to visit with the birds and 
butterflies. The Katy-dids, crickets, and modest old 
toads, all enjoyed the glorious play of light and shade 
underneath its branches. The glimpses of a won- 
drous garden, the other side, made her think of the 
Heaven her grandmother used to tell about. And 
every time she would go there, as the sun was near 
setting, the crimson and gold lights would play on 
the hollyhocks. They swayed to and fro, making her 
think of the Angels in that beautiful place grand- 
mother never tired of recalling. 

Her mother had taught her never to intrude on 
neighbor's gardens. So she had to content herself, for 
a while, just peeping through the hedge. Then came 
the wondrous day when she was invited to come in 
and view its beauties. She came along where the 
fence joined the hedge, then on — to the porch which 
was near the path in front; all the time gazing wist- 
fully at the glories beyond. The wistfulness must 
have been apparent to the kind faced lady who sat 
on the porch, for she said, in such a friendly tone, 
'Thronia, would you like to come in and see the 
flowers?" 

Would she! It was as if Heaven's gate had opened 
to her. She was past speaking but bobbed her little 
red head in acquiescence. Then followed one of the 



24 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

most wonderful experiences of her life. Walking be- 
side her Kind Lady, as she ever after called her in 
her heart, they wandered through those enchanting 
paths. She did not touch a flower. They were too 
sacred. 

On and on they went from one glory to another. 
Phronia was spellbound! Her little breast seemed 
ready to burst with the joy of it all. She will never 
forget her amazement when the Kind Lady said, as 
she grasped the little hand, 'Thronia, you love flowers, 
I know, and I'm going to pick some for you." 

O little child heart! Born with a love for all 
things beautiful. 'Twas more than she could com- 
prehend. A tear boldly stood on her cheek as she 
stammered ''Oh, oh — Yes — Yes — please!" 

She will never, never forget those kindly eyes 
looking into hers as the flowers were placed in her 
hand. Then they walked back to the gate. The little 
feet passed through. The kindly hand held hers for 
a moment as she said "Come again, Phronia!" When 
the little red head bobbed again, Kind Lady under- 
stood that the wee one's heart was too full for ut- 
terance. 

From that time a sweet friendship held them both. 
And in a short time Phronia had the joy of meeting 
her Kindly Gentleman — Mr. Peter Auten Sr. He too 
seemed bent on giving joy and happiness to the little 
red head. She loved to steal along the fence, then 
bob her head in front of the gate just to hear her 
Kindly Gentleman call, "Well, well, there's Phronia!" 
"Come in, come in !" And many times she sat at 
the table with them, and "remembered her manners" 
the very best she could, in honor of those she revered 
and loved. 

The years have come and gone, Phronia is no 
longer young. The red locks are now white. Her 
Kind Lady and Kindly Gentleman have long since 
gone to roam in God's Beautiful Garden. And as 
Phronia sits and muses — when the sun is throwing 



REMINISCENCES OF CIVIL WAR DAYS 25 

its crimson and gold rays over all — her thoughts fly 
back to those happy days of her childhood with those 
dear old friends. 

And she prays in her heart — O, Blessed One, help 
Phronia to be worthy so that she may come to walk 
in Thy Beautiful Garden along with those who were 
so dear to her here — /Vnd when she reaches Thy Gate 
may she hear the dear voices calling "Phronia, come 
in, come in !" Amen. 

PHRONIA OWENS HALL. 

Written this seventh day of September, 1921, in 
loving remembrance of those never-to-be-forgotten 
friends. 



REMINISCENCES OF CIVIL WAR DAYS. 
By Lydia Owens Streeter, 1920. 



One of the bright spots in memory of the 60's is a 
trip of the Princeville Glee Club to Peoria to partici- 
pate in the exercises of a Republican mass meeting, 
where, after a solo by the narrator. Gov. Yates took 
off his cloak and placed it on the shoulders of the young 
singer. At the close of the meeting Editor Emory of 
the Peoria Transcript invited us in a body to spend 
the night at his home where he and his charming wife 
dispensed a never-to-be forgotten hospitality. 

During the war, Maud Charles and I on our sad- 
dle horses scoured the country for miles around 
Princeville, raising bounties to encourage young men 
to enlist. Scraping lint for the dressing of wounds 
was a common occupation for women and girls. One 
day as the writer started out on patriotic duty intent, 
the sound of fife and drum on the public square, where 
the militia was drilling, attracted the attention of Billy, 
the Arabian horse who had formerly belonged to a 
traveling show. The embarrassment and consternation 
of the rider, when Billy galloped directly in front of 



26 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

the marching men and stood on his hind feet and per- 
formed several tricks, can be better imagined than 

described. LYDIA OWENS STREETER. 

Chicago, 10-14-20. 



THE APPLE TREE ROW. 
By Odillon B. Slane, 1920. 

The Old Apple Tree Row which stood so many 
years on the South line of the South West Quarter 
of Section 24, Princeville Township and also the row 
of apple trees on the West line of the same quarter — 
due North from W^ear's corners, were planted by 
Daniel Prince in 1824. This date is based upon a 
statement made by Josiah Fulton, a pioneer settler of 
Peoria Co. and who was considered reliable. Mr. 
Fulton with several companions following an Indian 
trail from Rock Island to Ft. Clark, Peoria, in 1826, 
found this apple tree row and from his best judgment 
the trees had been set out about two years. They also 
found a small nursery North on this same section and 
several trees of this nursery are still standing in what 
is known as Auten's pasture. According to S. S. Slane, 
Daniel Prince started this nursery from apple seeds 
obtained from a traveler passing through the country. 



OLD PRAIRIE TRAILS. 
By Odillon B. Slane, 1920. 



Years before white men saw the Illinois country, 
there were numberless trails leading from one distant 
point of interest to another; there were Indian trails, 
War trails, Buffalo trails and later, trails of the French 
and English explorers. Many of these trails were used 
for years by the early settlers, as means of communi- 
cation ; and later many of them became stage and mail 
routes. Time and space Avill not permit us to give a 



THE EARLIEST ROADS 27 

detailed account of these trails, but those interested 
are referred to "Randall Parrish's Historic Illinois" 
pages 115 to 128. This author says: *'The old roads 
growing- out of these dim traces across the wilderness, 
were the arteries through which flowed the life blood 
of Illinois." 

May we mention one Indian trail leading from Rock 
Island to Ft. Clark, Peoria. This trail passed through 
Stark County — on — and near the Princeville Ceme- 
tery, through Blanchard's timber South West of town 
and through the Auten and Slane land, — thence South 
Easterly to Ft. Clark. 

The Kellogg trail extended from Peoria to Galena, 
via Dixon, Illinois. There was also an army trail 
(1832) from Dixon to Ottawa. The Kellogg trail was 
laid out by an early settler of that name in 1825. It 
crossed Marshall, Bureau, Lee, Ogle, Stephenson and 
Jo Davies Counties. The Kellogg trail followed an 
old Indian track (''Historic Illinois," page 172.) The 
natural instinct of the Indian as a path finder was 
beyond question and the principal trails in an early 
day show very few mistakes of judgment. So far 
as possible large rivers were avoided, but when they 
had to be met and crossed, shallow fords were selected. 
High rocky hills were penetrated by natural passes, 
while the best camping grounds were selected for the 
end of the day's journey. It seems that Peoria Lake 
was a favored meeting place — the end of many a long, 
long Indian trail. 



THE EARLIEST ROADS. 
By Peter Auten, 1922. 



Location of the new state hard roads has brought 
up discussion as to the most logical route from Peoria 
to Princeville, and those contesting for the Mt. Hawley 
Road point back to the route chosen by the early stage 
coaches, as proof that theirs is the natural and logical 
route. 



28 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

Asked whether the stages came by way of Mt. 
Hawley or by way of Dunlap, Mr. S. S. Slane said at 
once, "There was no Dunlap on the map until the rail- 
road went through and put it on the map." The 
stages, according to Mr. Slane, after reaching the site 
of Keller Station, whether they came out by the "old 
fair grounds" and Prospect Avenue road, or whether 
by Knoxville Avenue, had only the one route to Prince- 
ville, via the Mt. Hawley road, — stopping at Southamp- 
ton, West Hallock, and often times at Wm. Houston's 
at the center of Akron Township, and thence straight 
West into Princeville. This road skirts the brow of 
the Illinois River bluffs and the edge of the timber, 
and has no hills to speak of. Southampton, to be exact, 
was located two miles South of West Hallock, on the 
East side of the line between Hallock and Akron 
Townships. 

"Mt. Hawley" from which the road was named, 
was a point on the brow of the blufif, passed by the 
stage route, on the "J^^^ Holmes" farm. South West 
quarter of Sec. 29, Medina Township. Some rods 
East of the present Holmes house was an old log 
house built by an elderly Mr. Truman Hawley, where 
he and one of his boys kept Post Office, known as Mt. 
Hawley Post Office. (One mile East and one half mile 
North of present site of Alta.) All Princeville mail 
came through this Mt. Hawley Post Office. 

In Judge David McCulloch's History of Peoria 
County, published in 1902, the Chapter on "Early 
Roads, Ferries and Bridges" discusses various roads 
and ferries, and then refers to the "County Commis- 
sioners Court", the body which appeared to run the 
County before the days of township organization and 
before there was a County Clerk. The County Com- 
missioners Court appointed viewers from time to time 
who laid out roads in various directions from Peoria, 
and those different roads were later, to all intents and 
purposes, adopted as state roads. From Page 86 we 
quote the following, which probably refers to the 



THE EARLIEST ROADS 29 

road that we are discussing- : "At the March term, 1829, 
viewers were appointed to locate a road from Peoria 
to the West bounds of the County by way of Prince's 

Grove and in the direction of Rocky Island At 

the June term, 1830, these viewers made their report 
and the road was established." 

On Page 88 is reference to a road laid out from 
Peoria in the direction of Stephenson, now Rock Is- 
land, which was made a state road by Act of Legisla- 
ture Feb. 7, 1837. "It came by way of Lafayette and 
Princeville, thence diagonally to Mt. Hawley. 

On Page 89 the same paragraph continues, "In ad- 
dition to these, there was also a state road laid out by 
Act of Feb. 10, 1837, from Peoria to Hendersonville in 
Knox County, by way of Prince's Mill (near Slack- 
water Bridge.) This road occupied substantially the 
same route as the one which had been laid out, in part 
at least, by the County Commissioners." Field notes 
of this and other roads as finally laid out, may be found 
in "County Road Book" in Recorder's Office, Peoria. 

Again on Page 89 we read, "By the First of April, 
1839, communication by stage had been established 
from Peoria over the following routes : To Stephenson 
(Rock Island) by Wyoming, Wethersfield (near Ke- 
wanee), etc." 

In the chapter on Princeville Township, Page 770, 
we read as follows : "Before railroads were built, 
Princeville was one of the stopping places on the stage 
routes running from Peoria and Chillicothe, through 
Southampton to Princeville and to the West and 
North West. The stage, which carried the mail as 
well as passengers, came at first once a week, then 
twice, and later three times a week, stopping at the 
Bliss— McMillen Hotel." 

Also in the Chapter on Radnor Township, Page 793, 
written by Napoleon Dunlap, we read the following: 
"The only Post Office in Radnor Township before the 
building of the Rock Island and Peoria Railroad, was 
kept by Enoch Huggins on Sec. 35. The mail was 



30 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

carried from Peoria three times a week. This office 
did not continue long. There was a mail-route from 
Peoria by way of Lafayette, through Medina and 
Akron, but most of the people received their mail at 
Peoria until the building of the railroad. In the first 
settlement of the country the wagon road took a 
straight course from Mt. Hawley to Princeville; but, 
as the prairie became settled, every one would turn 
the travel around his own land, but was anxious to 
have it go straight through his neighbor's. An at- 
tempt was once made to open up a state road from 
Peoria to Rock Island, but the opposition to its going 
diagonally through the farms was so great it had to be 
given up." 

The "Kellogg Trail", later called the Galena Road, 
and still called by the latter name, goes from Peoria 
right up the Illinois River for several miles, past "the 
narrows", and then heading for Northampton. In the 
early day, this Galena Road continued to Princeton, 
and to the lead mines at Galena in the extreme North 
West corner of the State of Illinois. Princeville, how- 
ever, had a Galena Road of its own, coming up from 
the direction of Canton and Farmington over our pres- 
ent Jubilee road, crossing the original platted town of 
Princeville in a Northeasterly direction and continuing 
Northeasterly towards Princeton. There, presumably, 
it intersected the other Galena Road which came up 
from Peoria through Northampton (see Map of Early 
Princeville, Vol. II, History and Reminiscences.) 

The Indian Trail referred to in the article on Old 
Prairie Trails elsewhere in this volume, was the route 
for the stage coaches and mail from Princeville North- 
west to Slack Water Bridge on Spoon River, and con- 
tinuing Northwest to Toulon, Lafayette and Rock 
Island. 



THE APOSTOLIC CHRISTIAN CHURCH 31 

THE APOSTOLIC CHRISTIAN CHURCH. 
By Peter Auten, 1922. 



This church, composed wholly of some of our best 
German population, was organized about 1870, on the 
''Streitmatter Prairie". In fact, the history of the 
Streitmatter family and those whom they have mar- 
ried, is largely the history of this church. 

Mr. Christian Streitmatter, one of the six Streit- 
matter brothers, was working at his trade as a shoe- 
maker in Peoria, when he learned of the new religion 
which had been started in Switzerland by Samuel 
Fralich and spread through Hungary, Wurttemburg, 
Baden, and finally to the United States, by journeymen 
tradesmen who were believers. The Church was first 
organized in the United States in 1848 at Croghan, N. 
Y., and has spread until it now has organizations in 
all parts of the United States. Mr. Christian Streit- 
matter joined the church of this faith in Peoria, then 
came out and told his brothers of the principles and 
beliefs which appealed to him, and most of the brothers 
adopted the same faith. The Apostolic Christian 
Church resembles the Dunkards and Mennonites in 
many ways, but is entirely distinct from them, and the 
name Amish, sometimes applied to them, is not cor- 
rectly used. 

The Apostolic Christian Church of Akron, or the 
Streitmatter Prairie, as its members often spoke of it, 
when first organized, had Mr. Christian Streitmatter 
as the first minister. Sevices were held for a number 
of years at the homes of the members in gographical 
rotation, benches or seats being moved from house to 
house. In 1880, just East of the Christian Streitmatter 
residence in the South West corner of Section 3, Akron 
Township, they erected their first house of worship, 
on ground donated by Jacob Streitmatter. This house, 
as afterwards enlarged, was provided with vestibule, 
audience room and a large and commodious kitchen 



J2 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

fully equipped with range, dishes, tables and chairs. 
Two services were held each Sabbath, and between 
services a simple meal was served in the kitchen. One 
thing worthy of mention and imitation in the days of 
horse vehicles, was the splendid provision made for 
the comfort of teams driven to the church. They had 
more expensive and a greater number of horse sheds 
than were to be found around any other public building 
in the county. The sheds still standing, 1922, are the 
second set that was built. 

The "teachers" or ministers of the organization 
have been as follows : 

Christian Streitmatter, from organization to 1895 ; 

Karl Wirth, who shared the ministry for a time 
with Mr. Christian Streitmatter, died 1888 ; 

Louis Herbold, from 1895 until his death in 1901 ; 

Frank Wortz, until his death in 1905; 

Gottlieb Hermann, until his death in 1906; 

Fred Rager, until he moved to Ohio in 1916; 

Gottlieb Herrmann, until the present writing, 1922; 

Wm. Feucht, sharing the ministry at the present 
time. 

The first five named ministers all lie buried in the 
cemetery of the Church located two miles East and 
one and one-half miles North of Princeville. 

With the older generation retiring to town and 
making room for the younger men on their home 
farms, the need of a new Church in some town became 
apparent. Princeville was chosen as against two or 
three other towns under consideration, and in the 
season of 1920-1921 the present fine new church was 
built, at a cost of approximately $60,000.00 on Akron 
Avenue, just inside the Princeville village limits. A 
large stable and auto shed is in the rear of this build- 
ing, keeping up the tradition of ample shelter for 
teams and vehicles. Five acres of ground were pur- 
chased for the site of this church, in order that there 
might be ample room for a cemetery, and there has 
been one burial to date in this new plot, that of 



SKETCHES OF MONICA REFORE THE CIVIL WAR 33 

Gottlieb Herrmann's mother, Mrs. Rosine Herrman, 
who died on Nov. 23, 1920. 

The Apostolic Christian Church members are to be 
commended for their uniform industry and masterful 
intensive farming. It is one of the teachings of their 
church that even the ministers must work at their 
trade or their farming, and get no salary. They have 
contributed in large measure to the material develop- 
ment of Akron and the adjoining townships. 



SKETCHES OF "MONICA" BEFORE THE 

CIVIL WAR. 

By Stewart Campbell. 1922. 



This group of sketches is intended to present local 
views of the prairie around the present site of Monica 
prior to the Civil War. It is not a history, though 
history is the material with which the sketches are 
drawn. The sketches do not confine themselves to the 
prairie or entirely to the immediate neighborhood : no 
picture can be presented without the necessary lights. 
This little bit of prairie lived not unto itself, but is part 
of a whole, which whole is often brought in to make 
the part more vivid. The writer trusts, however, that 
he has localized his pictures ; that the reader will get 
some conceptions of how the people here lived prior 
to the Civil War, why they came, what ideals and mo- 
tives ruled them, what material environment they had, 
how they and the environment shaped each other. 

Materials have been drawn mainly from personal 
interviews with early settlers or their sons and daugh- 
ters, or from records of such interviews preserved by 
Mr. Edward Auten Sr. and Mr. Peter Auten, from old 
school schedules and other original papers. For the 
larger setting the reader is referred to 'Township His- 
tories" reprinted in 1906 by Auten & Auten from 
"Historical Encyclopedia of Illinois and Historv of 



34 HISTORY AND REMIXISCEXCES 

Peoria County" (Munsell Publishing Co., Chicag-o 
1902), ^'History and Reminiscences" X'olumes I and II 
published by the Old Settlers' Union of Princeville and 
Vicinity, and some good Student's History of Illinois. 
(A very good one has been written by George \V. 
Smith of the State Normal School at Carbondale.) 

The actual settling of our part of Illinois may be 
said to have begun in 1817. Prior to that time there 
had been explorers, missionaries, and traders with In- 
dians, but the settlement of the state had been mostly 
in the parts farther south. 

Soon after the close of the \\'ar of 1812-14, Consrress 
set aside for the benefit of soldiers a large tract of land 
between the Illinois and Mississippi Rivers, now 
known as the Military Tract. In 1817 Peoria County 
was surveyed, and the soldiers and their heirs began to 
take up the land. The southwest quarter of Section 
29 was patented October 6, 1817, to one John Cady (the 
first in Princeville township), and others followed. Not 
many of the patentees settled on the land, but some 
did, and many sold their titles and thus the land was 
available for settlement. But the Indians were still 
here and often they were hostile, so that there was 
little development of the country for some time. 

In 1832 the Indians were finally defeated in the 
Black Hawk War and expelled from the country. The 
settlers poured in rapidly, and soon filled up all the 
land that they considered available. They lived in 
and near the groves near Princeville. near Spoon River 
near Jubilee, anywhere that they could find both 
timber and promising soil. But they did not like the 
prairie. One of the men who recalls those times 
vividly says he did not know of a house more than 
eighty rods from timber. (S. S. Slane) The prairie 
was undrained, lacked a safe supply of drinking water 
since they did not know then that they could get good 
water by digging (Mr. Slane) ; prairie fires were to be 
feared, and above all there was neither fuel nor build- 
ing material for all that vast prairie. And so it comes 



SKETCHES OF MOXICA REFORE THE CTVIL WAR 35 

about that the history of the open country around 
Monica does not really begin until there was already 
considerable development around it. 

About 1847 a very important use for the mysterious 
"stone coal" was discovered, and in 1848 the Illinois 
and Michigan canal was completed and the lumber of 
the Great Lakes region was at our door. The treeless 
prairies had come into their own. 

WEST PRINXEVILLE plays a large though 
short-lived part in the neighborhood history. This 
village was begun in 1856 or '57 when James and 
Joseph O'Brien established their "wagon shop" and 
began to make wagons, harrows and wheel-less cul- 
tivators. Much of the land around had been taken 
up. Mr. O'Brien Sr. had the East half of the South 
West quarter of Sec. 19: old Mr. John Seery, father 
of Miles, had the West half and lived in a brick house 
thereon. Wm. Lynch and Joseph Armstrong owned 
and lived on the North West and North East quarters 
respectively of the same Section. The O'Brien shop 
was on the South side of the road, where the proprie- 
tors had eighty acres of the North W^st quarter of 
Sec. 30. Joseph O'Brien had a house on this eighty, 
"Billy" O'Brien built on the South West corner of his 
father's eighty. (John McKune says the land South 
of O'Brien's was not occupied, but I do not think he 
meant it was not "taken up". Records would show 
about this.) 

In 1858 the people of the neighborhood organized 
the Mt. Zion Methodist Church, which met in the 
Nelson School house on the West side of the North 
East quarter of Sec. 29. nearly two miles from West 
Princeville. In 1867 a church building was erected on 
the South West corner of Sec. 20. 

William P. Hawver went to West Princeville near 
or after the close of the Civil War. About 1870 the 
houses from West to East were (1) a brick house on 
the corner, (2) Hawver's house, (3) Pigg's house, (4) 
Hawver's Grocery store and shoe sho2, (5) and (6) 



36 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

Covey's wagon shop and Covey's house (Now Dr. 
Dicks' house in Monica), (7) Lovett's blacksmith 
shop, (8) Henry Cummins' house (now Mrs. Ayers' 
house in Monica), (9) Onias Cummins' house. The 
school house was across the road from and North of 
the present Nelson school house (Mrs. A. B. DeBord). 

The O'Brien wagon shop flourished and shipped 
wagons and harrow^s far and wide. After Monica was 
laid out on the newly built railroad. West Princeville 
ceased to exist. The O'Brien's went to Kewanee. 

SCHOOLS. My earliest authentic record of the 
Nelson School is a schedule by Elizabeth Sabins, 
teacher, John Nelson and Reuben Deal directors. This 
schedule is in modern form, covers the period from 
May 9 to September 9, 1859, which is four years after 
the legislature first provided for a REAL SYSTEM of 
public free schools. The teacher w^as entitled to 
"forty fore dollars and — 47 cents". There were thirty 
four "scholars" from the families of Nelson, Deal, 
Aten, Lits, Hill, Cook, Dufify, Parnell, M3^ers, Mendel, 
Jewel, Alurdock, Walkington, Brenklimker, Lincoln, 
Welch, and O'Brien. There were seventy-seven days 
of school and most of the pupils attended very regu- 
larly. 

In 1860 the school was taught from May 7 to Aug- 
ust 24 by Josephine Munson, directors John Nelson 
and Clark Hill. The salary for the term was $56.50. 
There were 32 pupils from the home district besides 
eight from other districts. 

District No. 7 (afterward Monica school) was "in 
the Blanchard neighborhood". Private or subscription 
schools had existed from a very early day in this 
neighborhood, and a public school seems to have been 
organized about as soon as the law allowed. 

Our early settlers always had a wish for good 
schools but the strong pro-slavery element of southern 
Illinois succeeded until 1855 in preventing any but the 
most meager public schools. About all that was per- 
mitted by the legislature was wdiat was necessary to 



SKETCHES OF MONICA REFORE THE CIVIL WAR 2)7 

administer the state school fund which arose from 
the sale of land granted by Congress for schools. This 
fund seems often to have paid the teacher about two 
cents per day per pupil in actual attendance. Because 
of this little fund each township was a school township 
with school trustees who received the state pittance 
and had some very meager powers. 

As soon as the law of 1855 permitted it, our people 
began to better their schools and District No. 7 did 
not lag behind the rest. The school house was located 
on the East side of the North West quarter of Sec. 27, 
was later moved to the North East corner of the same 
quarter, after Monica was established it was moved 
to near the site of the home of Mrs. Meara (date 1922) 
which is just south of the CB&Q railroad and near 
the North East corner of the South West quarter of 
Sec. 21. Still later when the two story house was built 
in Monica, this peripatetic school house was moved to 
the North West corner of the South West quarter of 
Sec. 22 by Henry C. Calhoun and made into a home 
for his son, E. B. Calhoun, who still occupies it. (E. B. 
Calhoun). 

Louisa M. Pickering taught this school from April 
8 to July 3, 1856, in the spring following the enactment 
of the law of 1855. Henry C. Calhoun and Samuel 
Irwin, directors, paid her $36. There were 28 pupils, 
most of them regular in attendance. The families 
were Blanchard, Calhoun, Albertson, Irwin, Phelps, 
Riel, Cornwell, Stowell. The text-books used were 
McGuffey's Readers, First to Fifth, Webster's Ele- 
mentary Spelling Book, Thompson's Practical Arith- 
metic, Thompson's Mental Arithmetic, Colburn's In- 
tellectual Arithmetic, Mitchel's Primary Geography, 
Mitchel's Modern Geography, Well's School Grammar, 
Goodrich's History. The book list and schedule show 
after all these years that the teacher wrote a hand 
like copper plate engraving. 

Josephine Munson taught the school later in the 
same year, July 17 to October 4, 1856, for %o6. There 



38 HISTORY AXD REMINISCENCES 

were 25 pupils. Either heat or farm work seems to 
have made the attendance from two or three families 
less regular than in the preceding term, but for the 
most part the attendance was good. Miss Munson 
tauo-ht the school again in 1857, from April to August. 
Sarah J. Chase taught from April 10 to June 30, 1860, 
for $48, showing that the salary had risen some. 

The next records are after the school was in Mon- 
ica. At different times during the years of 1875 and 
1876, Wm. P. Hawver and James D. Purcell, directors, 
paid $40 or $45 per month. There were about forty 
pupils. 

We also have records of some of the very early 
schools in surrounding neighborhoods. In the White's 
Grove district the private school became a public 
school so far as the law allowed. ''On the first Sat- 
urday of October 1841" at a meeting of legal voters, 
a school district was formed out of "that part of the 
township lying nearest to Spoon River", and directors 
were elected. One of the directors signed the legal 
reports with *'his mark". The teacher whom they em- 
ployed the next year taught fifteen pupils from five fam- 
ilies, from August 8 to October 29, 1842, ''in the house 
formerly occupied by John Miller, now occupied by 
Samuel Irwin". The teacher claimed in her schedule 
$13 for the term, but the director who could write, 
after doing some figuring on the margin of her sched- 
ule, finds that she is entitled to "$4.74 and 2 mills" from 
the state fund, "$11.75 and 9 mills" from the town- 
ship fund, and that her compensation "would amount 
to $3.50 over the demand". The attendance was very 
regular and school kept six days per week, so that we 
are impressed less by any scholastic shortcomings of 
director or teacher than by their thirst and hunger 
after the best they could get. The school was con- 
tinued in November and December of the same year 
"in the house owned by Mr. Skinner". The attend- 
ance was pretty bad, but we have abundant circum- 
stantial evidence that there was good excuse for this. 



SKETCHES OF MONICA REFORE THE CIVIL WAR 39 

About 1844 this district built on the North East 
corner of Sec. 8, back forty rods in the field near a 
spring, the first PUBLIC school HOUSE of any kind 
in that region. This antedates by more than a decade 
the surrender of the slave power to the demand for 
public schools. The house was about thirteen feet 
square, and was built of lumber sawed at Slackwater. 
The walls were of thin siding only, and it was un- 
plastered. It was heated by a stove which burned 
wood, until about 1847. Then Sam White brought in 
from Joseph Morrow's farm on Sec. 18 (near where 
Ernesl LalMay now lives) a load of the mysterious 
"stone coal", and the fuel question of the treeless 
prairies was settled. 

Miss Elizabeth Mary Campbell, afterward Mrs. 
Seery, taught here in the spring of 1856. The salary 
seems to have been at the rate of about $25 per month. 
The text books were Webster's Orthography, McGuf- 
fey's Readers, and Thomson's Arithmetics. Penman- 
ship was taught, but no text book is mentioned. (Arch- 
ibald Smith, and Miss Campbell's schedules.) 

There were schools in Princeville even before the 
ones above mentioned, but their history is very fully 
covered in books above referred to. 

The First Princeville Academy is well described in 
the books referred to. Mr. and Mrs. Lemuel Auten re- 
call (Jan., 1922) that attendance was probably thirty to 
fifty. Studies were the three R's, Latin, Greek, 
Mathematics," a U. S. History the size of Webster's 
dictionary." Miss Marguerite Edwards recalls that 
the studies were Greek, Latin, Algebra, Geometry, 
three R's. There were single desks, and chairs that 
were screwed to the floor till the pupils had time to 
jerk them loose. 

Jubilee College cannot be forgotten in mentioning 
the schools of this time. It was founded in 1839, char- 
tered by the state legislature in 1847. Its history has 
been well published. Besides the records of the Old 
Settlers' Union, there are official college sources from 



40 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

which can be gathered many interesting- details. The 
expense was $125 per 40 weeks, for board, room, tui- 
tion, and other things. Bedding etc. were furnished 
by the student; the college furnished certain enumer- 
ated furniture. The college regulated the pocket money 
of students. It prided itself with that delightfully 
modern boast on its seclusion from town vices. The 
college paper condensed a whole volume on the phil- 
osophy and religion of the period when it said of 
Bishop Chase's death in 1852 that it was "an event to 
which he had long looked forward with joyful satis- 
faction as a release from the toils and trials of this 
life". 

THE OIL COMPANY. In 1858(?) men from some 
point unknown to the people here, bought the South 
West quarter of Sec. 27 and the South East quarter of 
the North West quarter of Sec. 27, erected buildings 
of frame or stone, and brought machinery from New- 
ark, O. "Toward spring in 1859" they began distilling 
illuminating oil from cannel coal, which was mined on 
the "forty" near the South East corner where a sunken 
place can still be seen, so local tradition says and no 
doubt truly. The oil was extracted by distillation 
in retorts, which were large iron kettles with clamped 
lids, in which the coal was coked. The oil was hauled 
to Chillicothe for shipment. 

The discovery of oil in Pennsylvania killed the in- 
dustry. The buildings were moved away or torn down. 
They included the refinery, the office and store, and a 
boarding house which was later moved to Monica and 
used as a hotel and as residence for different people, 
among others Lemuel Auten who lived in it for many 
years. The retorts were broken up and sold for old 
iron. Some people said the promoters were Pope and 
Slocum, ship chandlers from Nantucket or somewhere 
else in New England, some thought they were from 
Chicago. (Interviews with S. S. Slane, Lemuel Auten, 
and others.) 



SKETCHES OF MONICA REFORE THE CIVIL WAR 41 

BUILDING MATERIALS. The earliest settlers 
along the streams had of course plenty of trees. They 
made log houses and other buildings, rail or pole 
fences, and other crude conveniences. Soon they be- 
gan to make boards. One James Jackson had a saw- 
mill in which logs were raised up and sawed by one 
man above and one below with a crosscut saw. They 
cut basswood, elm, oak, and other trees, and did good 
work. John Dukes had a horse power sawmill in 
1839, but this must have been a small affair for local 
use. Prior to that time there were several waterpower 
mills in the region. Mr. Myron Prince had a mill on 
Spoon River, eight to ten rods above the present Slack- 
water bridge, ''in a very early day." This mill served 
people as far as Toulon. There was a dam, and a bridge 
not far from the present one. In time of flood people 
used to gather from far and near to save the bridge from 
driftwood by keeping the same cleared out with chains, 
oxen, and other devices. The mill burned in 1847. 
Meantime Mr. (Thompson? or Erastus?) Peet had 
built an excellent framed mill on a tiny stream north- 
east of Princeville, but often did not have water. The 
men of the countryside, to protect their facilities for 
lumber, after the fire of 1847, turned out and in one day 
took down, moved, and set up at Slackwater this Peet 
mill, which was bought by Myron Prince, owner of the 
mill that burned. (S. S. Slane interview.) The first 
Slackwater mill furnished the lumber for the school 
house built in district No. 3 in 1844 (some say 1846) 
and for many other buildings far and near. They made 
unplaned flooring there, also unplaned siding which 
was used for new houses or for covering old log houses 
(interview with Mr. F. B. Blanchard). The saw mill 
was a fully equipped institution in a very early day. 
All the mills were of the up and down type, not cir- 
cular. (Mr. Blanchard.) 

Other very important mills were at Rochester, 
established in 1836 and run day and night; on Walnut 
Creek; a college owned mill at Jubilee which had also 
steam power as a reserve. Much lumber was imported 



42 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

from farther away, perhaps because the supply of good 
trees at home was insufficient. 

On this latter point some of the old men say that 
because of prairie fires the timber then was not so 
good as later. We know too that the owners of timber 
came to feel that the supply was not nearly enough 
and hence held it at very high prices before the open- 
ing of the Illinois and Michigan canal. Mr. S. S. 
Cornwell built his house on Sec. 21 with lumber which 
he brought with oxen from Ellisville, Fulton County, 
fort}^ miles away. Mr. Lemuel Auten thinks he got 
lumber of better quality there. It was not uncommon 
to bring lumber by oxen from Chicago when returning 
from delivering a load of wheat or other produce. 
Jonathan Nixon, a cabinet maker who came to Prince- 
ville in 1840, got lumber from Slackwater for all the 
coffins used in the community for many years. The 
real or feared scarcity of timber is seen in Charles F. 
Cutter's assertion that most of the lawbreaking cases 
of the time concerned thefts of timber from U. S. or 
non-resident's land. Of a specially godly man in 
White's Grove neighborhood it was said far and wide 
that "he never stole any timber". Joseph Armstrong, 
after long search, in 1855, bought five acres of "poor 
timber nine miles from home" and with it fenced his 
quarter section. 

But there were other building materials. B. F. 
and J. Z. Slane operated a widely patronized stone 
quarry where they got out both sandstone and lime- 
stone. They cut wood and burned limestone, making 
lime for mortar and for an excellent plaster used by all 
who did not want a white plaster bad enough to send 
oxen to Chicago to get it. Austin and T. P. Bouton 
had a quarry on Sec. 25, Thomas Morrow on Sec. 12, 
and there were others in surrounding townships. There 
were brick yards too. one at Jubilee College, and sev- 
eral others within reasonable distance in Akron and 
other townships. 

FENCES. The zig-zag rail fence, and poles fas- 
tened to posts, were early very common. The most 



SKETCHES OF MONICA REFORE THE CIVIL WAR 43 

primitive attempt of the prairie farmer was a ditch, 
flanked by a bank of piled up sods. This was very un- 
satisfactory and its use was not widespread or long 
continued. A pole fence was often made by driving 
posts with a little horse operated pile-driver, and poles 
were nailed to the posts. Hedge was not much known 
or used in the 50's. However nobody fenced much 
except his cultivated land. Stock ran at large. E. B. 
Calhoun says his father had horses (branded) which 
ran miles from home for months at a time. Much of 
the north Jubilee timber seems to have been a haunt 
of stock that was turned out for the summer. 

ROADS. Mr. Arch Smith says that when he came 
in 1844 there was no public road except the state road 
from Peoria to Rock Island. There were no roads on 
the section lines. In going to school children had to 
cross the sloughs and get through the slough grass 
often ten feet high, as best they could. People built 
their own log bridges. Evidently every man had his 
own trail. Enough trails coming together made a road. 
Everybody wanted to go diagonally across the other 
man's land, but the trails had to be diverted when they 
came to fenced tracts, and this threw the roads more 
and more onto their present locations on section lines. 
There are many old gullies worn out by cross-country 
travel, as for example, one across the north end of Sec. 
28 where we can still trace a section of the route be- 
tween Princeville and Farmington. This route enters 
the West half of the North East quarter of Sec. 28 
about 50 rods South of the North end and runs a little 
South of West. It was used until S. S. Cornwell fenced 
in the North West quarter of the section. This road 
was already on the section lines farther East and after 
that followed the section lines for some distance West, 
although by an error of survey, the section line was 
here several rods too far to the North (Statement of 
Emanuel Keller and Andrew Martin) ; error corrected 
later. Even so late as during the war, there was a 
good deal of travel by opening and shutting *'bars", 



44 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

e.g, the road between Sees. 21 and 22 was not open 
"till late" (Says E. B. Calhoun). 

Definite data about roads and fences is not very- 
plentiful, but it seems probable that by 1860 most of 
the main traveled roads in the township were substan- 
tially as now, except inside of Sec. 21. Mr. Joseph 
Armstrong says that when he came in 1855 about half 
of the prairie between him and Princeville was un- 
fenced, and he names three people who lived "along 
the road". 

Dr. Mott came to Princeville in 1837, and Jerome 
Sloan says that in 1839, Dr. Mott brought the mail 
from Peoria on horseback, coming via Jubilee. We 
know that in later years the mail was brought up by 
stage over a route that entered Princeville from the 
East. There w^as in the 50's, if not earlier, a regular 
stage route from Peoria to Knoxville via Brimfield. 
The Peoria and Oquawka Railroad was built in 1856, 
and thereafter rail service was available from Elm- 
wood, Oak Hill, and Langdon Station, which is about 
three miles East of Oak Hill. The people in Mill- 
brook township seem to have hauled produce to this 
railroad, but Princeville township apparently consid- 
ered that the road was better and not much farther 
to Chillicothe, which had by this time both rail and 
river shipping facilities. Men from "Monica" in those 
days used to go to Peoria by riding across the un- 
fenced Jubilee woods on horseback to Langdon sta- 
tion. 

DRAINAGE. Both roads and fields sadly needed^ 
drainage, but not much was done. It was not till 
after the war that tile drains were used, and all ear- 
lier efforts were not very successful. The open ditches 
which were first tried soon filled up with the loose soil 
and vegetation so that they were not of much avail. 
Then somebody invented a "mole". This was a prop- 
erly shaped piece of iron fastened at the bottom of a 
broad flat drawbar in such a way that when propelled 
by a capstan or strong force of oxen, it ran along 



SKETCHES OF MONICA REFORE THE CIVIL WAR 45 

under-ground and forced the soil apart, leaving a pas- 
sage through which the water was drained off exactly 
as it is now by tile. Of course this work was not per- 
manent, but while the little opening remained it did 
the thing desired. Mr. Armstrong used one so suc- 
cessfully that he was able to farm a good twenty acres 
that had been useless before. The plan paved the way 
for the drain tile which were soon put in extensively. 

PRICE OF LAND. In 1840, $200. to $300. per 
quarter, with sometimes $400. for an extra good 
piece. In the early '50's, $400. to $600. per quarter for 
open prairie. 

CROPS AND MARKETS. The crops were as now 
corn, oats, wheat, hogs and cattle. Only wheat, pork 
and cattle seem to have been produced much beyond 
home needs. They raised good wheat when the coun- 
try was new. It was cut with a cradle, thrashed by 
having boys ride one horse and lead others over it, 
while the men kept stirring it with forks, and cleaned 
either by wind or fanning mill. Pork and wheat were 
the great cash crops. Often the wheat was taken to 
Chicago by oxen and there would be a return load of 
salt, clothing, lumber. If sold in Peoria, Lacon, or 
Chillicothe, it brought less (sometimes about 28c says 
W. W. Mott). These river markets sent grain to 
New Orleans by flat boat, the boatmen did not always 
think enough of the grain to cover it, and in wet 
weather it mig-ht cover itself with green sprouts 
(Lemuel Auten). Dressed hogs could be sold in Pe- 
oria or Lacon, but the price was low; in the 50's prices 
varied much. Lemuel Auten recalls that often po- 
tatoes were about 10c per bu., oats 10c, corn 15c, eggs 
3c, dressed hogs 2c. Mrs. Auten recalls the sale of 
some very fine steers at a somewhat later date at $16 
per head. 

There was no salt in Northern Illinois. It came 
from Syracuse, N. Y., via Chicago. Mr. L. Auten re- 
calls a price of 75c to $1.00 per barrel, but that must 
have been after the canal was opened. Before that 



46 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

it came from Chicago by oxen and was often a com- 
pelling- necessity for some trips to Chicago, round trip 
two weeks. 

Cattle were often sold to buyers, who drove them 
to Chicago from distances of hundreds of miles, 
pasturing them by the way on the rich grasses of the 
open country. Mr. Lemuel Auten says that a man 
by the name of Jacob Strawn from Southern Illinois 
was a big cattle buyer. He once saw Mr. Strawn drive 
1200 cattle from the South West through "Monica". 
There were in the herd two elks which evidently were 
the leaders. Hogs were sometimes, though not often, 
driven short distances. The settlers had horses, cattle, 
hogs, chickens, but apparently the breeds were not as 
distinct as now. "They were mixed" is common testi- 
mony. 

STORIES OF HUMAN INTEREST. Mr. Lemuel 
Auten tells of the courtship of one of the men who 
bought cattle and drove them hundreds of miles. The 
herders had trouble keeping the stock out of closed 
fields. One day a woman sat in a gap in a fence while 
a great herd went by. The owner of the herd said, 
"Why did you sit there?" 

"To save the herdsman trouble." 

The man looked at her quite a while and meditated 
on the spirit shown in the service. Probably she was 
comely, too. 

Finally he said, "Are you married?" 

"No." 

Pretty soon she was. 

During the famous winter of the sudden bitter 
cold, some men were driving hogs from Princeville to 
French Grove. They had reached a point near the 
corner of Sec. 28 (where the Crawford house now 
stands) when the cold came upon them. They ran 
for a house near and across the road from where the 
old Calhoun home now stands, a run of about eighty 
rods to the East. They stayed there till the next day, 
when they ventured out and found the hogs exactly 



SKETCHES OF MONICA REFORE THE CIVIL WAR 47 

where they had left them, piled in a pyramid, dead, 
frozen stiff'. This is the great cold snap which all the 
old settlers remembered all their lives, when deer and 
other wild and domestic animals froze to death with 
their feet in their tracks in the mud, and when the 
bufifaloes perished by thousands, in the herds which 
had gathered together in their usual winter quarters. 

There was in White's Grove neighborhood one 
Mr. Paine, a jack of all trades, gunsmith, tanner of 
leather, cobbler. To him one day went little Archie 
Smith with little Mary Ann ( ?) Moody to have a 
tooth pulled. Which was the patient and which the 
comforter the story does not say. Mrs. Paine gave 
each of them a wheat biscuit. Little Archie, who had 
lived for a long time on corn bread and fat pork says 
scores of years afterward, 'T believe they were the best 
things we ever ate". 

In the early schools not every child had his own 
supplies. One slate and one book of a kind per fam- 
ily was often generous equipment. One of the ^'girls'* 
had had a slate and only the frame was left. One of 
the boys tried to make off with the said frame to use 
as door for a projected squirrel cage. The girl in 
defense of her property slipped her head through it. 
The boy got his head in too and neither could get out. 
The teacher intervened and stood them on the floor 
in that memorable position. (Names furnished on 
request!) 

Various of the witnesses testify that the people of 
this neighborhood were exceptionally high-minded 
folks, unusually law-abiding, conspicuously God-fear- 
ing, etc, etc. It is interesting to note that every early 
neighborhood was better than the rest in that respect. 
They all admit it themselves. Seriously, it is to their 
credit that such were their boasts, instead of rivalries 
over certain well known and more modern subjects of 
controversy. 



48 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

MASONIC RECORD OF LEONARD KLINCK, SR. 
His the First Masonic Funeral Held in Princeville. 

By O. B. Slane, 1916. 

Leonard Klinck was born January 14, 1785 at Al- 
bany, N. Y., died at Princeville, 111. October 17, 1852, 
and on the third day after death was buried with full 
Masonic honors in the Princeville cemetery. This was 
the first Masonic funeral held at Princeville. 

It is not known what lodge had charge. Peoria 
Lodge No. 15, Temple Lodge No. 46 of Peoria, and 
Toulon Lodge No. 93 were the only chartered Lodges 
in this part of Illinois at that time. The records of 
the two first named lodges give no account of such 
funeral, and the first records of Toulon lodge being 
destroyed by fire, it seems impossible to ascertain what 
lodge conducted the funeral rites. 

A letter from the secretary of Richmond Lodge No. 
23, Ontario, Canada, dated Nov. 22, 1915 says; ''On 
February 19, 1846, Brother Leonard Klinck was ap- 
pointed secretary until St. John's Day w^hen he was 
re-appointed. He became Sr. Warden December, 1847, 
and the last time he attended Richmond Lodge was 
Sept. 7, 1848." The early records of this lodge were 
also destroyed by fire. A letter from R. L. Gunn, 
Grand Secretary of the Grand Lodge of Canada says : 
"Our records show that Bro. Leonard Klinck, age 60, 
gate keeper, residence York, w^as initiated on April 
20th, passed on May 26th, and raised on June 25th, 
1825 in Richmond Lodge, Richmond Hill, Canada, 
then under the Grand Lodge of England, now No. 23, 
on the roll of this Grand Lodge." 

The writer, after a correspondence covering several 
months, with secretaries and grand secretaries of chap- 
ters in both Canada and New York, utterly failed to 
find when or where Companion Klinck received the 
degrees of Royal Arch Masonry. He was undoubtedly 
a Royal Arch Mason otherwise he could not have been 
admitted into the Commandery. 



MASONIC RECORD OF LEONARD KLINCK, SR. 49 

A Knight Templar's certificate issued by the Grand 
Commandery of New York, and now in posession of 
Mrs. Charles Collins of Castleton, 111., says that ''Bro. 
Leonard Klinck received the following orders and de- 
grees of Knighthood in Apollo Encampment No. 15, 
K. T., Troy, N. Y. : Order of the Red Cross, Knights 
Templar, Knights of Malta, Knight of the Christian 
Mark and Knight of the Holy Sepulcher. The cer- 
tificate is signed by Stephen C. Leggett, recorder, and 
is dated September 29, 1847. The certificate does not 
show when the brother took the degrees of Knight- 
hood, but the writer having written the recorder of 
Apollo Commandery for this information received his 
reply under date of August 26, 1916, in which he says, 
'Tn searching for the desired information, I find that 
Sir Leonard Klinck received the orders of Knighthood 
in Apollo Commandery No. 15, K. T., on September 
30, 1847 and removed from Troy, N. Y. in 1849." 

He also says : "We have searched the register of 
Apollo Chapter R. A. M. but fail to find his name 
mentioned nor do we find any record in the com- 
mandery register as to what chapter he did belong." 

In 1808 Bro. Klinck was married to Mrs. Elizabeth 
Brown Grant. Her maiden name was Brown. Grant, 
her first husband died in 1806. Grandmother Klinck, 
as she was familiarly known, was the mother of thir- 
teen children, eleven by her second husband. She was 
a member of the M. E. Church, a great reader of the 
Bible. In fact, she read the Bible through several 
times. She died at Princeville, 111., Oct., 22, 1887, just 
two days before her 105th birthday. 

Bro. Klinck's funeral in 1852, being the first one of 
its kind here, was a noteworthy event. Masons came 
from adjoining towns in all directions and the local 
residents turned out in force, partly from curiosity. 
Those who were there told in after years how men and 
women stood on the wagon seats to get a better view 
of the ceremonies. It was about ten years later that 
Princeville Lodge, No. 360, was organized and char- 
tered. 



50 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

"A SHORT COURTSHIP AND A HAPPY 
MARRIED LIFE." 

By William R. Sandham, 1921 

Among the first settlers of what is now LaSalle 
County, Illinois, were Louis Bayley and his wife, 
Betsey Butler Bayley. To them a son was born, July 
17, 1828, wdiom they named Augustus, and who was 
the first white child born in what is now LaSalle 
county. 

Louis Bayley was a soldier in the War of 1812. 
His father, Timothy Bayley, was a soldier in the 
Revolutionary war. Mrs. Betsey Butler Bayley died 
in the year 1840, leaving to be cared for by her hus- 
band Louis Bayley, their two living children, Augus- 
tus and Timothy, the latter being three years old. 

During the time between 1835 and 1855 there was 
among the itinerant preachers of Illinois (who were 
generally known as circuit riders) one named Rev. 
William S. Bates, whose circuit included Stark and 
LaSalle counties. Mr. Bates and Mr. Bayley were 
warm personal friends, and when he w^as in LaSalle 
county, Mr. Bates always made his headquarters at 
Mr. Bayley's home. On one of his visits to Mr. Bay- 
ley's home the traveling preacher found Mr. Bayley to 
be a very busy man. Besides his work as a farmer 
and as the operator of a sawmill, he was doing his own 
housework, with the assistance of his eldest son, 
"Well, Mr. Bayley," said the preacher after the usual 
greetings, **you need a wife to do your cooking, to 
care for your house and to look after the welfare of 
your two boys." 'T assure you that I know that what 
3^ou are telling me is true," said Mr. Bayley. 'T do 
not know where I can find such a woman — one who 
is willing to marry me and assume the responsibility 
of doing the things that are needed to be done in my 
home." ''Well," said Mr. Bates, "perhaps in my work 
as an itinerant preacher I can find such a woman. If 
I do, I will let you know." 



A SHORT COURTSHIP AND A HAPPY MARRIED LIFE 51 

In the early part of the year 1843 the itinerancy of 
the Rev. Mr. Bates brought him into LaSalle county, 
and, as usual, he stopped to stay over night with his 
friend, Louis Bayley. After supper, which had been 
prepared by Mr. Bayley and his son, Augustus, Mr. 
Bates told Mr. Bayley that he had found a woman he 
was satisfied would make him a good wife, and one 
who would be a kind mother to his two boys. "Tell 
me about her," said Mr. Bayley. "The woman's name 
is Mary Lake," said the preacher, "and she lives with 
a brother-in-law named Sewell Smith, who lives just 
south of Spoon river on section 14 in Essex township, 
in Stark county. I have seen her and I have told her 
about you and your home and your two boys. I advise 
you to go to see her." 

A few days after the circuit rider w^ent on his 
way, Mr. Bayley hitched a team of his best horses to 
a light wagon and started for Spoon river. On the 
evening of March 19th he arrived at the farm, now 
owned by Sol and Jesse Cox, two miles south of 
Wyoming, and just north of Spoon river, where he 
stayed that night. The next day he forded Spoon river 
a few rods below what is now known as the Bailey 
bridge. In a very short time he knocked on the door 
of the Sewell Smith home, and a woman opened the 
door. "I am Louis Bayley of LaSalle county," said 
the visitor, "and I am looking for a woman named 
Mary Lake." The woman quickly extended her right 
hand and said, "I am Mary Lake; come right in. I 
know what you have come for." It is enough to say 
here that Louis Bayley and Mary Lake were married 
before the setting of the sun on that day — March 20, 
1843. 

The following day Mr. and Mrs. Louis Bayley left 
Stark county for their home in LaSalle county. All 
the reports which have come down through the sons 
and grandsons of Louis Bayley and the neighbors who 
knew them intimately tell the same story — that Mr. 
and Mrs. Bayley had a very happy married life. 



52 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

Louis Bayley sold his property in LaSalle county 
in the year 1849 and moved to Stark county. He 
bought the eighty-acre farm where he found Mary 
Lake, March 20, 1843. That eighty-acre tract is now 
owned by Louis Bayley's grandson, Orpheus Bailey, 
son of Augustus Bailey, w^ho, as stated, was the first 
white child born in what is now LaSalle county. 

Mrs. Mary Lake Bayley died March 3, 1861, and 
Mr. Bayley had inscribed on her tombstone : "A Good 
Wife and a Kind Step-Mother." Louis Bayley died at 
Forest Grove, Washington county, Oregon, in 1896, 
aged 92 years. His son, Augustus, died in Stark coun- 
ty, Illinois, August 26, 1905. The other son, Timothy, 
lives in Pacific county, Washington. 

The spelling of the name, Louis Bayley, as here 
given, is the way Louis Bayley spelled the name. The 
other members of the Bailey family spell the name 
Bailey. The marriage record in the office of the county 
clerk in Toulon has the spelling, Lewis Bayley. 

Rev. William S. Bates retired from active service 
as a minister about 1855. He owned and lived on 
the southeast quarter of the northwest quarter of 
section 28 in Essex township, Stark county, Illinois, 
from September, 1857, to January, 1864. He moved 
to Kansas, where he died a few years later. 



SMALL POX AND CHOLERA IN PRINCEVILLE 

Interview with Milton Wilson, 1915. 



Genuine small pox in five or six families in early 
summer of 1915, with milder cases in many more 
families, started the discussion. 

"The first time Princeville had the small pox," re- 
marked Uncle Milton, was in 1849. It was at the 
Clussman home, on the farm now John and Mary 
Dickinson's. Clussmans had come here from New 
York City and had visitors from home that summer 
who unintentionally brought the small pox or vario- 
loid, with them. 



SMALLPOX AXD CHOLERA IN PRINCEVILLE 53 

"Varioloid, you understand, is small pox in the 
first stages, which never gets beyond the first stages. 
Nearly the whole Clussman family caught it. Henry 
Clussman especially being the worst, and the widowed 
mother having her hands full. 

"John McGinnis, then a boy of 15 or so, and living 
across the field in the red brick house, now Burk De- 
Bord's, came around to investigate and satisfy his cur- 
iosity. Repeated warnings, commands and scoldings 
could not keep him away from the house, but he de- 
clared boldly, he was not afraid of catching the small 
pox. Sure enough he came down with it and when 
an old man, a few pock marks still showed each side 
of his nostrils. 

"Doctor Henry, then unmarried and a young man, 
attended the patients. He was boarding at the Breese 
house (now Minnie Bennett's property) and changed 
his clothes before and after each visit, in a stable on 
the outskirts of the village." 

"Did they have vacination in those days. Uncle 
Milton?" 

"Yes, I think they did." 

The only other person to get the small pox was 
John M. Henry, the Doctor's brother. He was a young 
man too, carpentering at the Clussmans', and taken 
with the disease there. 

"Where he is taken is a good place for him to stay" 
— said his doctor brother, — and there he was cared 
for and treated, his brother making two visits daily 
for a time. Later he was brought to town and put 
in an upstairs room at the Hitchcock & Rowley hotel. 
Here Benjamin Slane, who had had small pox when 
a child, tended him, going up and down a ladder to 
that room. 

"Of course there were no quarantine regulations 
in those days, but the rules of common sense dictated 
some things." 

"Has Princeville ever had the small pox since 
then?" 



54 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

"Never, I think, until the present epidemic, except 
that \Vm. Owens' two boys, Ed. and William, had it 
bad in the late 50' s ; no one else had it then, and Dr. 
Henry was again the physician. 

"But there was a case of Asiatic cholera in 1852. 
John W. Gue kept a little store on the Henry corner 
now occupied by Willis Hoag's new grocery. Gue 
went to St. Louis, where the cholera was epidemic, in 
places, along the river. Coming home with what at 
first was diognosed as bad diarrhoea, he soon had the 
straight cholera, and died. 

"That was in May, 1852. I helped to lay him out, 
to place his body in the coffin, and to take the coffin 
to the cemetery. No public funeral was possible, of 
course. I said 'coffin' because that was all they had 
in those days, — a box shaped this way (here holding 
his hands wedge shaped) — and nothing fixed up like 
a casket these days." 



FIRST BUILDINGS ERECTED IN PRINCE- 
VILLE THAT ARE STILL STANDING. 

By OdiUon E. Slane, 1921. 



The residence corner at Main and Clark Streets 
now occupied by Mrs. Carrie Parents, was built in 
1840. This building was first used as a carpenter's 
shop by Jonathan Nixon. It was next occupied as a 
residence by Geo. W. McMillen. 

Former residence of Peter Auten Sr., corner of 
Main and Tremont Streets, West side of Park, was 
erected in 1842 by Samuel Alexander. 

The Dr. Cutter residence, corner of French and 
North Streets, was built in 1845. 

The residence now occupied by Edward Auten Sr. 
and located at corner of Main and Clark Streets, is 
probably the oldest building in Princeville. The first 
part of it was built by Wm. C. Stevens about 1838. 



vccKY iHtanix 



The Old Stone Schoolhoiise, the fiist pobUc sclioc^ 

boildinsr in PrinceTille, and located at comer of Can- 
ton anl 7:zr.:r. Streets, was tniilt by dooatioiis of 
stone, lime. '. labor and a small amoont of 

money. 7 i - was erected in 1846, as shown 

by car r Benj. F. Slane tai^;ht the 

first school in tin- r. in winter of 1847-lM8u 

(The eaiiier k^ 5 as run on the sub- 

scription plan). 

Hitchcock's HalL the part used fii^t as a store, w^s 
bnilt in 1852. Afterwards the main hall w ' 
1858. The stone and lime used came from t :: :^ 
qoarries one mile South :: r- ' trille. 



Z IVCKY THIRTEEN 



The Article on Civi: ''' - ?r - : :' ?-"' ^^ville", 
VoL n of History arc Pe~ - se :e^ r of tfie 

"Lucky Thirteen w : -,:-.:. ?-n-ry, 

spring^ of 1861. As i-^^ ^lou: tt 1 : ^ :i:: to 

Peoria to enlist. Rev. Ahab .- t: -...- _ ;t t 
Methodist church made a ver ' : -_: 

prayer that they aH might be 5 - r :-. jrn- 

The prayer was answered ::it~ did 

providentially return, a::tr . :- :cmr years of 

service. 

Thr r:^:~^- : :: r -rtvsr been Terified 

as ic -. vr . _:i:zi 7 Ji:: 1 Z Hoag, Letz Lair, 

Noah Lair. Will Lair, Wm. Best, Enos Frost, Sam 
Cobum, James McGinnis. John Autcn, Morris Smith, 
Wm. Morrow, and H. A. Stowell. 



56 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

THE BEALL FAMILY. 
By Charles W. Beall, 1922. 



Asa Beall, a soldier of the war of 1812, was born in 
Fa3^ette Co., Kentucky, November 28, 1792. He was 
the son of Thomas Beall, an old pioneer of Kentucky. 
Altho' reared on a farm, Asa Beall learned to be a 
millwright by trade. He built the first grist mill at 
Cincinnati, Ohio. He was married to Miss Susan 
Coyle, December 2, 1819. Susan Coyle was born July 
2, 1800. 

In 1832, Mr. and Mrs. Beall left Kentucky and 
came by boat to Peoria, 111. They bought a place near 
Mossville on the Illinois river, where they lived for a 
short time. Being among the early settlers, Mr. Beall 
found the country but little improved. The nearest 
market was Chicago, where he hauled his grain. On 
account of malaria and mosquitoes they soon disposed 
of their place and moved to Section 36, Jubilee Town- 
ship, near Kickapoo. 

At that time Asa Beall knew every man in the 
county, and he took an active part in the early history 
and development of the county. He and his son, on 
a return trip after hauling wheat to Chicago, brought 
back lumber for buildings on the land he had pur- 
chased from the Government. He lived here until 
1851, when he sold out and bought 160 acres of raw 
land, the S. W. ^ Section 2, Jubilee Township. At 
his death in 1875, Jubilee Township lost an honored 
pioneer. 

Mr. Beall was quite a politician in his day and 
was identified with the Democratic party. He was 
well-read and a well-informed man, was religiously in- 
clined and leaned toward the Methodist faith. His 
wife, Susan Coyle Beall, died in 1872. They were the 
parents of eight children : — Susan, who married James 
Vanarsdale; Thomas, married to Ophelia Bush; Maria, 
never married ; Harriett, married James Morris Rogers 
of Wyoming, Stark Co., 111. ; John, died when a small 



THE BRONSON FAMILY 57 

boy; Francis M., married to Mary Curl; Josephine, 
wife of William Lawrence; and William, married Mary 
Lawrence. 

William Beall was a soldier in the Civil W^ar, a 
member of the 77th Illinois Infantry, afterward con- 
solidated with the 47th. He enlisted in 1862, served 
three years and was promoted to the rank of corporal. 

Francis M. is the only survivor of his father's fam- 
ily. At the age of 82, he and his wife are living- the 
quiet life at their home in Princeville. 

Eight soldiers of the war of 1812 are buried in the 
Princeville cemetery. Among them is Asa Beall, 
whose remains lie beside those of his wife, the com- 
panion of his youth and one of the pioneer mothers of 
Illinois. 



THE BRONSON FAMILY. 
By Mrs. Anna Bronson Lutes, Urbana, 111., 1921. 



The Bronsons were English ; several brothers came 
over from England ; the name was spelled in various 
ways by the different branches of the family — "Brown- 
son" — "Brunson" and "Bronson", as our branch of 
the family spells it. 

One John Bronson came from Cambridge, Mass., to 
Hartford, Conn., in 1636, we think he was one of Mr. 
Hooker's company. The little "Company" went from 
Massachusetts to Hartford and bought land of the 
Indians. Mr. Hooker was head of a church, and 
the law was then, that no man could vote unless he 
was a member of some church. This was in the 
fall of 1635. He was a soldier in the Pequot war in 
1637; finally settled in Farmington, Conn.; was one 
of the pillars of the church which was organized in 
1652; was a deputy to the General Court in 1651 and 
also in later years, four sessions in all, and was con- 
stable for Farmington ; he moved to Wethersfield 
where he died Nov. 28, 1680. This John Bronson left 



58 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

seven children. All Bronsons, in fact, seemed to have 
large families, all living to a great age, — several over 
a hundred years. They were well respected, were all 
church people, and in later years were members of 
various churches. 

The New England Family and Town Records show 
different Bronsons about the time, of the Revolution- 
ary War, and the present family may be traced from 
one Asa Bronson who died at Valley Forge. There 
was another Asa Bronson, probably a son, who was in 
the Revolutionary army in 1780, and was pensioned in 
1818, for Revolutionary War Service. 

The elder Asa Bronson had a son Phineas, born 
Nov. 9, 1765, at Enfield, Conn., who was also a soldier 
of the Revolution, who moved in 1793 to Norton Cen- 
ter, Ohio. He was a Baptist. This family moved over- 
land in wagons, leaving Ohio on Sept. 13, 1841 and 
arriving in Princeville, Illinois on Oct. 5 of the same 
year. Mr. Bronson died Oct. 25, 1845, and is one of 
two Revolutionary Soldiers buried in the Princeville 
Township Cemetery. The children were Electa, who 
married George Hubbard (father of T. Hubbard) ; 
Rachel, who married Joel Morley; Thankful, who mar- 
ried Bliss Hart; Isabel, who married Dennis Bates; 
Amos, who married Caroline Green ; Phineas Jr. (born 

Jan , 1802), who married Elsie Stoddard,^ and after 

her death Jerusha T. Gue; Hiel (born April 1, 1804), 
who married Mary B. Nesmith; Orrin, who died in 
infancy; and another Orrin born four years later, who 
married Susan Bonurant. This Orrin had died in 
Ohio, but his widow came West with the family. 

Amos Bronson's children were William, Henry, 
Sarah and Burr. 

Phineas Bronson Jr. and his first wife were the 
parents of children as follow: Antoinette, who married 
Milton Nesmith; Isabel, who married Thomas Black; 
Herbert West, who died at age of 10 or 12 in 1842, 
and was buried in the Cemetery one mile South of 
Princeville, which two years later was abandoned for 
the present Princeville Township Cemetery; Ovando, 



THE BRONSON FAMILY 59 

who married Amanda Morrow ; and Hiram Curtis, 
who married Mary E. McKown. 

Phineas Bronson Jr. and his second wife were the 
parents of Eugene Cecil, and a daughter who died at 
birth. Phineas Bronson lived on his farm South East 
of Princeville until his death in 1879. His widow and 
son Eugene moved to Urbana, Illinois, about 1883 
where Mrs. Bronson died Oct. 18th, 1890. Eugene is 
now in North Dakota. 

Hiel Bronson and his wife Mary were parents of 
three children : Abigail Maria, who married Daniel 
Hitchcock; Amanda Lettia, who married Rufus J. 
Benjamin; and DeLorman Thomas, who married Nina 
B. Gue. Hiel Bronson moved to town about 1857, and 
kept general store, his death occuring April 12, 1887; 
his wife died April 15, 1888. 

Mrs. Abigail Hitchcock never had any children. 
She and her husband moved to Princeville where they 
had a mill for many years, and her husband was Justice 
of the Peace several terms in succession. She died 
Feb. 17, 1901. 

Mrs. Amanda Benjamin, who died Dec. 13, 1898 left 
two daughters, Julia M., wife of Willard Henry, and 
Mary L., wife of Julius H. Hopkins. 

DeLorman Thomas Bronson, who died March 10, 
1917 was the father of the following nine children, be- 
sides three who died at birth : Louie Gue, John Wesley, 
Ernest Roscoe, George Durrill, Eugene Victor, Anna 
Maria, Lilly Offley, Nina Louisa, and Bertha Harriet 
Rosalind. Two of these. Major George D. Bronson and 
Lieut.-Chaplain Rev. Eugene V. Bronson, were in 
France in the late world war. 



60 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

THE CAMPBELL FAMILY. 
By Stewart Campbell, 1922. 



The history of the Campbells in this vicinity begins 
in 1852. In that year John Campbell, son of Gilbert 
and Mary Crawford Campbell and a native of Ken- 
tucky, came from near Eaton, Ohio, and settled in Mill- 
brook Township on Sec. 23. 

One of the very early settlers in this part of Illi- 
nois was Samuel Campbell (brother of Gilbert), who 
lived near Lewistown in Fulton County. His nephew 
John had visited him and was very favorably impressed 
by Illinois and also by one of the Illinois girls, Mar- 
garet Dooly. Margaret went with him to Ohio, but 
they remembered Illinois and returned here with their 
family in 1852. They bought land and built a three 
or four room log house on Sec. 23, south of the corner 
marked now these many years by the Campbell school 
house. In this home they lived the life of the pioneers 
of the time, laying the foundations of their family and 
taking their part in developing the neighborhood. 

By 1861 three of their seven children were sons who 
were old enough to answer their country's call. David 
and Samuel enlisted at once, but before seeing actual 
service died of fever contracted in camp. They were bur- 
ied in one double grave in the old Campbell cemetery, 
on Sec. 13, Millbrook Township. Charles saw service, 
returned safely home, lived many years on Sec. 13 Mill- 
brook, just east of the Campbell school house, finally 
moved to Sutton, Nebraska, and died there. Felix 
lived west of Brimfield for a long time and has now 
been for some years in Champaign. The youngest son 
George W. ("Little George") succeeded his father on 
the old homestead until he retired and moved to Lin- 
coln, Nebraska. There were two daughters. Mary 
taught some of our early schools, later married Miles 
Seery, lived in Princeville, and died in Elgin a good 
many years ago. Addie married William H. Wilson 
and lives in Wichita, Kansas. These three brothers 



THE CAMPBELL FAMILY 61 

and two sisters all have children and grandchildren, 
but like the parent stock they have sought new homes 
and are scattered from Illinois to California. 

John Campbell and his wife Margaret left the old 
home about 1883 and spent their declining years near 
their daughter Mrs. Wilson in Burrton, Kansas. In 
1886 they returned to celebrate their golden wedding. 
On a beautiful summer day they received the greet- 
ings of scores of kin and friends beneath the sturdy 
trees of a grove that they had planted on the bare 
prairie. Uncle John died in 1888. Aunt Margaret con- 
tinued to delight us all with her annual visits until her 
death in 1899. She was a very active old lady and al- 
ways relished having it told of her that she lost her 
spectacles in the course of a five mile walk on her 
eightieth birthday. This old couple now sleep in the 
cemetery which bears their name, beside the sons they 
gave to their country and in the midst of the land 
where they spent most of their active life. 

John Campbell's brother Alexander left his Ken- 
tucky home between 1825 and 1830; settled in Rising 
Sun, Indiana, married Sophia Cunningham there in 
1832, moved to Versailles, Indiana in 1859, and died 
there in 1865. Alexander had three daughters and six 
sons, four of whom were either old enough to go to 
war or went anyway. William, Gilbert and Lewis 
("Lute" or ''L. L.") enlisted in 1861 and saw service 
to the end. Lewis was not yet seventeen years old and 
too little they say to carry a gun. But he just had to 
go, so company A 37th Indiana Infantry took him 
along and let him blow the bugle. He was successively 
Company, Regimental, and Brigade Bugler, and 
Brigade Postmaster. He saw service at Stone River, 
Chickamauga, Missionary Ridge, Atlanta, Jamestown, 
and minor engagements. He was mustered out in 
1864 but immediately reenlisted in 13th Ohio Cavalry, 
and was with Sheridan through to the last charge at 
Petersburg. Edward was next in age. He enlisted as 
soon as he could but the war was about over and he 



62 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

was out only eight months. Poor George R. stayed 
at home and cried for fear the war would be over be- 
fore he could possibly get into it, and it was. 

All these soldier boys came home safely, but the 
father died in 1865, and the family began to scatter. 
Six of them came to Princeville and vicinity. Gilbert 
came here and married, lived on the farm now owned 
by John Vogel on Sec. 15 in the old house still to be 
seen there. Later he lived on the farm on Sec. 11 
where Emanuel Keller lived for forty years. He 
moved finally to Maryville, Missouri. Lewis came in 
1868, George in 1871 ; of these two more presently. 
James, the youngest brother was here one year, Eliza- 
beth taught the Campbell School about 1872, Mary 
taught the Nelson and other schools a few years later. 
These three all went to Kansas before 1880. 

''Uncle Jimmy" Campbell, the carpenter and cab- 
inet maker, came soon after the war. He built for 
his brother John the house which still stands on the 
Campbell home farm on Sec. 23 Millbrook, and the 
old familiar barn across the road on Sec. 24. He soon 
moved into Princeville and until 1880, when he died, he 
is listed in all the village reminiscences as the cabinet 
maker. His shop was in the old brick Hitchcock 
Building. Many a home was furnished with his handi- 
work, as all the old settlers recall. It is interesting 
to note that Mr. and Mrs. Lemuel Auten, now well 
past eighty years of age have in their home two bed- 
steads which are in constant use now and have been 
ever since Uncle Jimmy made them, and which have 
apparently as much service in them yet as they had 
some fifty years ago. 

Lewis Campbell came in 1868, riding his army 
horse from Indiana. He lived on the farm with his 
brother "Gil" a while, taught in the Garrison school 
and elsewhere. From 1870 to 1873 he clerked in Mr. 
Simpson's store in Princeville and then built in the 
new village of Monica the store and dwelling now 
occupied by Camp & Berry. There he sold dry goods 
for Mr. Simpson till 1878, when he went into busi- 



THE CAMPBELL FAMILY 63 

ness for himself. He moved to Peoria in 1889 and 
was in the U. S. Internal Revenue service nearly all 
the time until his death in 1918. On January first, 
1874, in the Princeville Presbyterian church he mar- 
ried Sophia Edwards, who with their daughter Edith, 
lives in Peoria. 

George R. Campbell, now Monica's earliest and old- 
est citizen, came to Illinois in 1871, like Lewis, from 
Indiana on horseback. He taught school two years in 
Peoria County and two years in Rock Island County. 
On January first, 1875, he bought and took possession 
of a grocery store which had been conducted by Tom 
Drennan in the south side of L. L. Campbell's 
building. Thus began a career in Monica which has 
continued in merchandising and other activities for 
now almost fifty years. Mr. Campbell sold groceries 
for more than twenty five years, built three business 
buildings on the fire-fated north side, built his own and 
three other houses, served sixteen years as postmaster, 
some years as clerk of the Modern Woodmen, has been 
Notary Public since 1904 and Justice of the Peace 
since 1903. He was one of the early superintendents 
of the Monica Sunday School, long time trustee of 
the M. E. Church, and an active member of the com- 
mittee that built the parsonage in 1894. His favorite 
recreation has been politics. Always an ardent Re- 
publican he has been busy in the cause. In 1892 and 
again in 1920 he was delegate to State Conventions. 
Between these dates he has had a constant part in 
lesser matters, always taking part in local caucuses 
and since 1916 a member of the county central com- 
mittee. The high spot of his political joy came in 
1920, when he was nominated "Elector-at-large from 
Illinois for President and Vice-President of the United 
States," and was elected to that oftice by a plurality 
of more than a million votes. 

George Campbell married Mollie Stewart in 1875. 
She had her part in the community life for thirty nine 
years, until her death in 1914. There are four children, 



64 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

Stewart and Angie of Monica, Gilbert of Evanston, 
Illinois, Elizabeth of Davenport, Iowa. 

L. L. and G. R. Campbell are closely connected 
in the minds of those who recall the early history of 
Monica. Each was an early and successful merchant, 
each served as postmaster and in other public offices, 
each platted and sold lots in additions to the village, 
each erected several buildings, each was ardent in 
politics. Each was always ready for anything to boom 
and boost the town and country around. 

Campbell blood seems to be restless pioneer blood. 
Of all who came here, all have died or moved away ex- 
cept one. Of all who were born here all have died or 
moved away except four. They are scattered from 
Illinois to Canada and California. They took a hand 
in building this community — and moved on to take a 
hand in building other communities. 



THE JAMES CARLETON FAMILY. 
By Miss Julia Carleton, 1920. 

James Carleton, sixth and youngest son of Amos 
and Mary Porter Carleton was born near White River, 
Vermont, March 8, 1814. When he was a babe his 
parents moved to Salem Township, Champaign Co., 
Ohio. 

His father being a teacher, all the children re- 
ceived their education in the home, and had what was 
considered a fair education in that early day before 
the establishment of the public school. 

After the death of his father in 1851, he with an 
older sister Harriet, and a younger sister Clarinda 
Julia, lived with and cared for their aged mother until 
her death at their home in Champaign Co., Ohio. On 
October 3, 1858, James Carleton was married to Nancy 
A. Prater of Bellefontaine, Ohio. They then moved 
to a farm near West Liberty, Logan Co., Ohio, where 
they resided until the fall of 1861, when they loaded 



DR. JOHN E. CHARLES 65 

their household goods and came by wagon to Peoria 
Co. 

The family, consisting of wife, two children, and 
the two sisters, who still made their home with them, 
came to Peoria by train and settled for a short time in 
Radnor Township. They then moved to Akron Town- 
ship where they lived for several years. In the mean- 
time Mr. Carleton purchased a farm of 235 acres, in 
Section 2, in Jubilee Township, where he moved March 
1, 1870. 

Children born to James and Nancy Carleton were 
William; Mary (Mrs. John Byers) w^ho died May 19, 
1920; James Aaron; Jane (Mrs. P. H. Lipps) who died 
Feb. 21, 1898; Luther Clark; Edward F. ; and Julia. 
On March 15, 1876, Harriet, the oldest sister of James 
Carleton, passed away, aged 64 years, 2 months, 20 
days. On March 10, 1887, the younger sister, Clarinda 
Julia, passed away, aged 68 years, 9 months, 17 days. 
On June 8, 1892, James Carleton. subject of this 
sketch, died at the home where he had lived over 23 
years. His wife, Nancy, died Feb. 3, 1894. They are 
both buried in the Princeville cemetery. 



DOCTOR JOHN E. CHARLES. 



Doctor John E. Charles came to Princeville in the 
spring of 1861 and was a resident of the village until 
the spring of 1881. He was born, the son of a farmer 
near the village of Clinton, in Allegheny Co., Pa., Dec. 
25th 1813 and married Margaret Oliver, the daughter 
of a neighboring farmer about the year 1841. He ac- 
quired a common school education, studied medicine 
at Miami College, Cincinnati, Ohio, graduated, and be- 
gan the allopathic practice of medicine in Columbiana 
county, Ohio. Practicing there a few years he then 
moved to Allegheny City, Pa., and later moved to a 
point in Jefferson county a few miles up the Ohio 
river from Steubenville. 



66 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

Here he was residing in 1849, having acquired two 
farms, and was also in successful practice of his pro- 
fession, when gold was discovered in California. He 
could have sat down and his farms and his medical 
practice would have in a few years made him of in- 
dependent means. But the gold fever got into his sys- 
tem and the "wanderlust" into his blood. Leaving his 
wife to manage the farms and take care of the two 
children which had come to them, he became a "49er." 
Spending the year 1850 in the Sacramento Valley of 
California he, still believing that there was the El- 
dorado, came back to his Ohio home, mortgaged the 
farms, outfitted a train of prairie schooners, and with 
a large bunch of horses and cattle, and fifteen or 
twenty of his neighboring young men farmers whom 
he "staked" for the trip, returned across the plains to 
California in the summer of 1852. 

There he remained for the next nine years with 
success and failure alternating each other. At one 
time his mining and stamp milling was yielding $100 
per day, but dry weather and failure of water supply 
resulted in the loss of the proceeds of many preceding 
days. He made regular money remittances to his fam- 
ily back in Ohio and continually anticipated bringing 
them to him in the golden sunset state, but in his nine 
years absence the mortgages had eaten up his farms. 
When he returned to Steubenville in the early spring 
of 1861 he was "broke," forty-eight years old, and had 
a family awaiting to renew their acquaintance with the 
husband and father of whom they had seen so little 
since 1849. This time, bringing the family along, he 
came to Princeville upon the invitation and urgent re- 
quest of William Beer, of Akron Township, his cousin, 
and who with his wife had been one of his fellow 
voyagers to California. 

When he landed in Princeville his worldly posses- 
sions were his medical books, surgical instruments, 
household goods, and less than twenty five dollars in 
cash. With the self reliance and courage which had 
carried him through many previous discouraging sit- 



DR. JOHN E. CHARLES dl 

uations he set about making acquaintances and, in- 
cidentally, friendships which he held through his life. 

It must have been several months before he was 
called in the first case which was to test his qualifica- 
tion as a physician. It was in the family of Jackson 
Colwell, a farmer living four miles north west from 
Princeville. One of the younger members of his fam- 
ily had the typhoid fever, a disease very prevalent on 
the Illinois prairies during 1861 and for some years 
previous, and very often attended with fatal results. 
The child recovered rapidly and what more natural 
than that Dr. Charles should receive the gratitude and 
friendship of Jackson Colwell and his neighbors, many 
of whose families had been visited by the dreaded 
typhoid. At once and for many months Dr. Charles, 
on his saddle horse, might be seen traveling the coun- 
try roads leading to the west and northwest from 
Princeville. From that beginning his medical practice 
and his friendships spread until at the time of his de- 
parture from Princeville in the spring of 1881 there 
was no more overworked physician, either before or 
since, ever lived in that village. 

Riding by night and day, summer and winter, 
through rain and through snow, answering every call 
whether it was to the home of the prosperous or the 
lowly, through any hour of the day or night for twenty 
years, brought to a culmination his desire to quit the 
wear of it all and return to the rest and sunshine of 
golden California, to which he had twice previously 
journeyed. 

This time he, with his wife, his daughter Maude, 
her husband John J. Hull, and his nephew Paul Hull, 
traveled by railway tourist car instead of covered 
wagon and ox teams as he had done on his two former 
trips, thirty and thirty four years before. 

They spent the summer of 1881 in the lovely and 
quiet village of Cloverdale about sixty miles north of 
San Francisco, and though their surroundings were 
pleasant and the climate and sunshine all that could 
be desired they all thought often and longingly of dear 



68 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

old Princeville. Before the fall had verged into winter 
that malady, Nostalgia (for which there is only one 
quick acting and pleasant to take cure) had seized the 
whole family and they came back, each one declar- 
ing he or she was content with California, but that 
some others were so homesick they just had to come. 

From 1882 until 1890 the family home was at 811 
Fayette street, Peoria. In the spring of the latter 
year they removed to Chicago, where Paul Hull's 
newspaper work had led him in the previous fall. Here 
Dr. Charles, settling into the retirement of a ripe old 
age after a busy and adventurous life, was living when 
on a visit at the home of his son, H. E. Charles, at 
Peoria in April, 1891, he was taken with pneumonia. 
This in a few weeks carried him away at the age of 78 
years, and he was laid beside his wife in the family 
burying lot in Springdale Cemetery at Peoria. 

Dr. Charles could not have been said to be lacking 
in fixedness of purpose because his medical practice 
was calling upon his time almost continuously from 
the time of his graduation in the profession until his 
death, but he had the instincts of a speculator in almost 
any of the business affairs of life which might be pre- 
sented to him. Passing over his three journeys to 
California which were entirely speculative, and at least 
the two first of them containing more adventure than 
occurs in the lives of many average men, a few in- 
cidents at Princeville illustrate the complexity of his 
inclinations. He would rather miss his dinner than an 
opportunity to either buy, sell or '*swap" a horse. It 
was his diversion. If he got the worst of it in a deal 
he made no complaint but trusted to even up on the 
next one. If the other fellow complained either that 
day or the next week, his horse was returned or the 
trade readjusted to restore good feeling. 

His trading disposition, within not over three years 
after his arrival in Princeville, led him into the ac- 
quirement of real estate. In the early settlement 
of Princeville much of the timbered grove lying im- 
mediately north of the village had been subdivided 



DR. JOHN E. CHARLES 69 

into tracts of from two and a half to ten acres and sold 
to the farmers on the adjoining prairies for fencing and 
fire wood. These lots as they became denuded, were 
not held as of high value by the farmers, many of 
whom lived five and six miles away. He bought of 
those until, united and adjoining they amounted to a 
considerable and worth-while acreage. There was a 
quarter-section one mile north of the village which 
was of unknown ownership for a number of years and 
which was literally robbed of its trees. It was, prev- 
ious to 1861, known as "The Stump quarter" where all 
helped themselves as fast as the young trees became 
of usable size. Dr. Charles made inquiry until he as- 
certained the eastern ownership of this quarter-section 
and with borrowed money bought it for cash at a very 
low figure. Within two years, he had sold two forties 
for more than he had paid for the whole one hundred 
and sixty. His land holdings altogether amounted to 
over two hundred acres, in addition to his residence 
and several other properties in the village at the time 
he determined to make his final trip to California. 

In the spring of 1868 in association with Jacob 
Fast, he bought a drove of young unbroken mules 
which they matched and sold in pairs at about $400 
per team, taking notes from the purchasers, and each 
clearing $500 in the total transaction. A year later 
he purchased a drove of two-year-old Indiana bred 
steers which, because of a pasture shortage in that 
state, were offered to him at a very low figure. He 
pastured them during the first summer on his "Stump- 
Quarter" land, wintered them by buying different corn- 
stalk fields and moving them from one to the other. 
During the winter he drove them to a Bureau swamp 
for the following summer pasturage, and sold them in 
the fall in fine condition to a distillery feeder, at a 
very handsome profit. These are but a few of the 
many business transactions in which he engaged dur- 
ing the twenty years of his residence in Princeville. 

That he had the sporting inclination which has be- 
come so prevalent in more recent years it may be told 



70 HISTORY AND REMINISCEKCES 

that in the Presidential election of 1864 he made a 
wager with Austin Bouton, each putting up a $150 
horse, that Abraham Lincoln would carry one south- 
ern state, Dr. Charles winning as Lincoln carried the 
state of Missouri. 

A last fact to be told in the Princeville life of this 
man is that in all the years of his medical practice, and 
with the many people he had other business dealings, 
he never sued to collect a debt nor did he ever become 
involved in any legal dispute. 

Of the members of his family who journeyed with 
him to California in 1881, Col. John J. Hull, died at 
Peoria in 1883 ; Dr. Charles' wife Margaret Charles 
died at Peoria in 1888; his daughter Maude, wife of 
Col. Hull died at the home of her daughter Mrs, June 
Hull Bird in Washington, D. C, in 1908, and Paul 
Hull died at Brimfield, 111., in 1912. All are buried 
in Springdale Cemetery, Peoria, 111. 

There are not many men or women living now in 
Princeville who were of mature age or thought during 
the twenty years Dr. Charles was in their midst — and 
there are not many of them living now anywhere — but 
wherever they are they were his friends then and 
respect his memory now. 



THE EDWARDS FAMILY. 
By Miss Ellen C. Edwards, 1922. 

Thomas L. Edwards was born in Belfast, Ireland, 
in 1810, and when but 14 years of age came alone to 
America, making his home for some time in Massa- 
chusetts. He learned the trade of block printing at 
Fall River, and later became a journeyman in New 
York. During the year 1827, when the cholera epi- 
demic raged in New York, Mr. Edwards volunteered 
his services as a nurse, and nobly devoted his entire 
time to the curbing of this dreaded epidemic. 



THE EDWARDS FAMILY 71 

In 1835 he was united in marriage with Sarah Jane 
Dalrymple, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Samuel 
Dalrymple, born in the northern part of Ireland, in 
1815. In early childhood she accompanied her parents 
to America, settling in the Maine forests near Passa- 
maquoddy Bay, at which place her father was en- 
gaged in the milling business. Later on they removed 
to Taunton, Mass., and in 1840 he bravely combated 
the hardships of the West, settling in Radnor Town- 
ship, Peoria County, Illinois. Mrs. T. L. Edwards 
accompanied her parents on this journey westward, 
our subject following as soon as his business affairs 
could be completed. 

While located in the East, this union was blessed 
with one child, James, who died in infancy. 

In 1845 Mr. Edwards purchased a partially im- 
proved farm in Akron Township, Peoria County, Illi- 
nois. By untiring and unceasing efforts, he succeeded 
in getting this farm under cultivation. There were 
many hardships attending this labor, which he cheer- 
fully overcame. At this time his little son Samuel, 
age 9 was called by death, and his loss was greatly 
mourned. A considerable portion of Mr. Edwards' 
farm was marshy and damp. On account of this con- 
dition he was greatly handicapped with ill health, and 
in 1860 he passed away. In former years he had been 
an Episcopalian but at the time of his death he was 
identified with the Presbyterian Church of Princeville, 
Illinois. His political adherence was given to the Re- 
publican Party. 

At the death of her husband Mrs. Edwards was 
left with a family of small children, for which she had 
to provide. At this time the country was undergoing 
great hardships owing to the Civil War, and the 
financial strain was greatly felt. No matter how hard 
the struggle her beautiful and cheerful disposition 
carried her through any situation and she was always 
sought out on account of her splendid good humor and 
Irish wit. Mrs. Edwards was a consistent member of 
the Presbyterian Church of Princeville, and her chil- 



72 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

dren were brought up in this faith, in later years de- 
voting much time to church work. 

She was loved and greatly honored by her children 
and grandchildren, and it was the delight of their Uves 
when she would sing to them her Irish songs and tell 
them stories in her native brogue. In September 1901, 
this brave woman passed to her reward, leaving to 
mourn her loss, Jemima D., Margaret E., Ellen, Mrs. 
Sophia Campbell of Peoria, Illinois, Archibald D., and 
seven grandchildren. 

THE ISAAC B. ESSEX FAMILY. 
By William R. Sandham, 1918. 

Isaac Bowen Essex, son of Thomas and Elizabeth 
(Bowen) Essex, was born near Charlottesville, Albe- 
marle county, Virginia, January 29, 1800. He attended 
such schools as the state of Virginia afforded at that 
time, and a few terms at the University of Virginia, 
which is located in Charlottesville in his native county. 
He was married December 25, 1821, to ]Miss Isabella 
D. Williams, who was born in Albemarle county in 
1797. 

Mr. and Mrs. Essex were strong believers in Chris- 
tianity. They were equally as strong in their opposi- 
tion to slavery, which then existed in Virginia. They 
believed that it was wrong to buy and sell and hold in 
bondage men and women who were made in the image 
of and were direct descendants of God. For that 
reason, as did the parents of John M. Palmer, Shelby 
M. Cullom and many others who came from slave 
holding states to Illinois, they decided to seek a home 
in a free state. They left their home in Albemarle 
county in 1822 and lived a year in Bath county in the 
western part of Virginia. In the spring of 1823, they 
moved to Ohio and rented a farm near Columbus in 
Franklin county. Columbus was then a village of 1500 
people. They raised good crops, but there was no 
profitable market. Mr. Essex quit farming and taught 



THE ISAAC B. ESSEX FAMILY 7o 

school three winters. In the summer time he kept 
books for the contractor and builder of the Ohio 
canal. 

In the fall of 1826, Mr. and Mrs. Essex loaded their 
belongings into a "prairie schooner," and with a 
daughter named Elizabeth, and two sons named Elijah 
and Elisha Jones, again turned their faces toward the 
west. They drove through Ohio and Indiana into Illi- 
nois, passing through the site of Bloomington, and on 
the night of November 26, 1826, they camped by the 
side of a big log on the east side of the Illinois river, 
opposite Fort Clarke, where is now the city of Pe- 
oria. The next day they were ferried across the river 
in such small boats that the wagon had to be taken 
apart to get it across. They made the horses swim 
the river. Mr. Essex soon found employment among 
the settlers not far distant, with enough pay to keep 
his family through the winter. In the spring of 1827, 
Mr. Essex rented some land near where is now Prince- 
ville. He sowed a bushel of apple seed, with the ex- 
pectation of starting a nursery. In the spring of 1828 
Mr. Essex went to the Galena lead mines, leaving his 
family in Peoria county. He returned to Peoria 
county in the fall of 1828, in the full belief that there 
was more money to be made in farmmg man by -.-irk- 
ing in lead mines. He then sold his apple trees as 
seedlings. Some of them were sold to a Fulton county 
man. From one of these trees came the famous Fulton 
County apple. 

The sale of his apple trees gave ^Ir. Essex some 
money to buy land. He bought the northeast quarter 
of section 15 in what is now Essex township in Stark 
county, from a land agent named Avery. Thus it was 
that Isaac B. Essex, in December, 1828^ when the state 
of Illinois was ten years old, was getting ready to build 
a home in the wilderness, and in April, 1829, became 
with his wife and children the famous first settlers in 
what is now Stark county, Illinois. 

The northeast quarter of section 15 in Essex town- 
ship, on which the first settlement in Stark county was 



74 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

made, was conveyed by the United States October 28, 
1818, the year Illinois became a state 100 years ago, to 
Rufus Stanley, in consideration of his services as a cor- 
poral in Hopkins' company of dragoons in the war of 
1812. Some time in the 20's it was sold for taxes by 
the state of Illinois to Ossian M. Ross, for $1.82. Mr. 
Ross conveyed the quarter to Isaac B. Essex by war- 
ranty deed for $100. 

The pioneer home being built and occupied, Mr. 
Essex set about improving his land and doing some 
planting to raise a partial supply of food for the en- 
suing year. The meat supply was in a great measure 
provided for, as the surrounding grove was full of 
game. Spoon river, which flows through the land, 
was well supplied with fish. The nearest mill was 
fifty miles away. To save time Mr. Essex made a mill 
of his own, by making a mortar in the end of a log, 
put in the grain and pounded it with a pestle hanging 
on a swing pole. Mr. Essex made rails and farmed 
by day and after supper pounded grain for the next 
day's bread. Mrs. Essex wove the cloth for the fam- 
ily clothing, and later for the neighbors as the country 
became settled. By the spring of 1830, Mr. Essex had 
fenced several acres '^f land on which he raised that 
y^ar ^ ^^^^ crop of potatoes and other vegetables and 
some corn. 

In the early part of the winter of 1830 and 1831, 
the father and mother of Isaac B. Essex, six of their 
sons, their only daughter and her husband, David 
Cooper, came to Illinois. They arrived too late in the 
season to build a house, consequently they all lived 
at the Isaac B. Essex home all that winter. Mr. and 
Mrs. Cooper slept in a covered wagon. Some of the 
Essex family settled in what is now Stark county, and 
became prominent in its development. The others set- 
tled in some of the nearby counties. During that win- 
ter of 1830 and 1831, several Pottawattomie Indians 
passed through the country on their way to and from 
Peoria and Rock Island. They traveled mostly on 
snowshoes. One day when some of the Essex brothers 



THE ISAAC B. ESSEX FAMILY 75 

were hunting, they saw some of these snowshoe tracks 
in the snow. They hastened home to tell the family 
about tracks of some strange animal which they had 
seen. When the Indians made stops for the purpose 
of hunting they made good neighbors. They often did 
the Essex family favors, and were favored in return. 
These favors were appreciated by both the Indians 
and the Essex family. During the Indian trouble in 
1832, Isaac B. Essex and family lived in Peoria. While 
there Mr. Essex taught school. Both he and the Essex 
family claimed that he was the first teacher of white 
children in Peoria county. He moved back to his farm 
in 1833. 

Up to this time the nearest postoftice was Peoria, 
thirty miles away. In the year 1833, a postal route 
was established through what is now Stark county. 
The Spoon River postoftice was located in the home of 
Isaac B. Essex, and he was appointed postmaster, giv- 
ing him the distinction of being the first postmaster 
as well as the first settler in what is now Stark county. 
The mail was brought from Peoria once a week by 
a man on horseback. In this same year Mr. Essex be- 
came the agent of a man in New York, who had bought 
the bounty claims in the vicinity of several soldiers of 
the W^ar of 1812. During this year of 1833, Mr. Essex 
was appointed a commissioner of the school fund of 
township twelve range six (now Essex) and as such 
he sold the school section in said township, February 
4, 1834, for $968.70, nearly $1,514 an acre. At this time 
only two newspapers came to the Spoon River post- 
office. One of these came to Isaac B. Essex. 

One day in the fall of 1834, Mr. Essex and his two 
eldest boys were gathering corn on the part of the farm 
across Spoon river from the farm buildings when they 
saw a prairie fire coming from the southwest. They 
hurried across the river, the boys by a foot bridge, Mr. 
Essex going by way of a ford. When they reached 
the home they found Mrs. Essex in a faint by the 
stable. By almost superhuman eflforts, by carrying 



76 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

water in a bucket, she had saved the house and stable. 
A patch of corn and a stack of oats were burned. 

Mr. and Mrs. Essex were natural pioneers. They 
had an abundance of the qualities that are always 
needed in frontier settlements. One of these is con- 
tentment, another that of being happy in a pioneer 
home. They were both devoted church members. Mr. 
Essex was a Methodist, Mrs. Essex a Baptist. Their 
log house, being the largest in the neighborhood, was 
open for prayer and other church meetings, and for 
the religious services which were held by the itinerant 
preachers of those pioneer days in Illinois. These 
preachers were always welcomed by Mr. and Mrs. 
Essex, and when they came they were well cared for 
in their home. Sometimes spelling bees and other 
gatherings were held in their home. In fact, the Es- 
sex home was what we call in these later days, a com- 
munity headquarters. 

In this pioneer home, the first in Stark county, a 
son was born to Isaac B. Essex August 27, 1829. They 
named this son, the first white child born in what is 
now Stark county, Simeon. Two other children were 
born to Isaac B. Essex in this same pioneer home, and 
named Ira and Mary. 

By the middle of the year 1835, Mr. and Mrs. Essex 
had their farm fairly well improved, and it made them 
what they considered a very desirable home. They 
had no thought of ever selling it. A man named 
Christopher Sammis asked Mr. Essex what he would 
take for it. Mr. Essex named a price so high that he 
thoug'ht no one would give it. To his great surprise, 
Mr. Sammis accepted the offer. Then the Isaac B. 
Essex family had to find a new home. 

In the fall of 1835 Mr. Essex went to what is now 
Drury township, in the southwest corner of Rock 
Island county, where he bought 320 acres of land. 
Later he bought 380 acres more. He was the second 
white man to buy land in the towns'hip, thus opening 
the way for his family to again become pioneers. He 
bargained for the building of a house and returned to 



THE ISAAC B. ESSEX FAMILY 11 

his Spoon river home for the moving of his family, his 
stock and his other personal property to the new home. 
He had a considerable number of horses, cattle, sheep 
and hogs. The horses were used by horseback riders 
to drive the stock. The household goods and other 
property were loaded on wagons which were drawn 
by oxen. It was a slow journey. In several places 
roads had to be made and bridges built. It took them 
ten days to go from the old home to the new, a dis- 
tance of eighty miles. 

In a few years Mr. Essex had a large part of his 
land under cultivation and in pasture. He became one 
of the most prosperous farmers in Rock Island county. 
This new Essex home was the largest in the neighbor- 
hood, and it became a community center, similar to the 
old home on Spoon river. The traveling preacher was 
welcomed as before. 

Mr. and Mrs. Essex' daughter Elizabeth, their first- 
born, died in 1842. The son. named Ira, died in 1854, 
and the daughter, named Mary, died in 1856. The 
parents of Mr. Essex died in Essex township, Stark 
county, in 1853. Mrs. Isaac B. Essex, the hardworking 
and industrious pioneer wife and mother, died Septem- 
ber 8, 1859. She was buried in the Essex cemetery, 
which is a part of the farm bought in 1835. 

Soon after the death of his wife Mr. Essex visited 
a son near Helena, Arkansas. There he became ac- 
quainted with Mrs. Elizabeth J. Carver, to whom he 
was married, after consulting his sons, January 3, 1860. 

Mr. Essex and his second wife lived on the farm in 
Rock Island county until 1865. He then gave 500 acres 
of his land to the sons of his first marriage, and rented 
the other 200 acres. Mrs. Essex wanted to move back 
to Arkansas. Mr. Essex did not want to live in what 
was once a slave state. They compromised and moved 
to Union county, almost in the extreme south part of 
Illinois. They bought a farm near Dongola, on which 
they lived until the death of Mr. Essex, caused by 
being injured by some cattle which were fighting, and 
which he tried to separate, Nov. 7, 1877. The body 



78 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

was taken to his old home in Rock Island county, and 
buried by the side of his first wife. He willed the land 
in Union county to his second wife, and the land in 
Rock Island county to their children. 

Isaac B. Essex and his first wife had seven children, 
three of whom were born in what is now Stark county. 
He and his second wife had five children. 

Isaac B. Essex was a man of considerable educa- 
tion and general information. He was always an ad- 
vanced leader in promoting all good work in the com- 
munities where he lived. Tradition brings down to us 
that Mrs. Isabella Essex, the pioneer wife and mother 
was a very faithful and efficient helpmate. Mr. Essex 
was greatly interested in the improvement of all kinds 
of farm livestock, especially when he lived in Rock 
Island county. 



SIMEON ESSEX, STARK COUNTY'S FIRST- 
BORN. 

Simeon Essex, the first white child born in what is 
now Stark county, Illinois, son of Isaac B. and Isa- 
bella D. Essex, was born August 27, 1829, in the first 
house built by white people in the county, on section 
15 of what is now Essex township. The boy Simeon 
was taken by his parents to what is now Drury town- 
ship, in the southwest corner of Rock Island county, 
Illinois, in November, 1835. He was taught to read 
and spell in the spare moments of his father and 
mother, his sister and two elder brothers. Later he 
learned to write and "do sums" in a log school house 
in the neighborhood. Meanwhile he helped his father 
and brothers in doing the necessary farm chores. Later 
he did a man's work on his father's farm, as required 
by the needs of farm life in those pioneer days. After 
he became of age he learned the trade of a mason, 
which he followed more or less regularly all his life. 
When not working at his trade he was engaged in 
farming. 



THE FRIEDMAN FAMILY 79 

When Simeon Essex grew to manhood he married, 
on March 4, 1849, his cousin, Miss Dorinda Essex, 
daughter of Joseph Essex, pioneer blacksmith of Tou- 
lon, 111. She was born Dec. 21, 1830. Mr. and Mrs. 
Essex made their home in Rock Island county until 
1869, when they moved to Cerro Gordo county, Iowa. 
Late in the year 1870, the family started to move to 
Eldorado, Butler county, Kansas, in covered wagons. 
While on the way Mrs. Essex became ill and died in 
the wagon in which they were moving, in the early 
part of December, 1870. 

Mr. Essex lived at Eldorado, Kan., until he went 
to live with his son, Simeon Francis Essex, at Rock- 
ford, Gage county, Nebraska, in the spring of 1900. 

In March, 1874, Simeon Essex was married the sec- 
ond time to Mrs. Mary Dennison, who died in 1885. 
He was married the third time in November, 1897, to 
Mrs. Mary Hillard, who died in 1898. 

Simeon Essex, Stark county's first-born, died at 
the home of his son at Rockford, Gage county, Ne- 
braska, July 8, 1901. He was buried in the Stark ceme- 
tery, six miles southeast of where he died. 

"six of the ten children of Simeon Essex and his 
first wife, two sons and four daughters, are still living, 
five in Kansas, and one in Missouri. 



THE FRIEDMAN FAMILY. 
By Joseph C. Friedman, 1921. 



Joseph Friedman was born in Baden, Germany, 
October, 1819. The opportunity for getting an educa- 
tion in those days was very limited. A few lessons 
from the preacher-schoolmaster was all the instruction 
he got from books. While a young man he got a gov- 
ernment position as driver of a 12-horse mail and pas- 
senger coach, the line extending between two large 
cities in Germany. 

In 1848 the German government forbade all young 
men of military age leaving the country, and further. 



80 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

ordered them to report once in every two weeks at a 
military post. This interfered so much with his work 
that he decided to come to the United States, With 
the acquaintance he had of mail routes, etc., he had 
little trouble in passing the guards and crossing the 
border into France. He crossed the ocean in a sailing 
vessel, with a rough sea and storm tossed, being out 
of sight of land for seven weeks. 

Soon after coming to this country he married 
Caroline Kreisinger, of Buffalo, N. Y. They lived in 
New York state four years, he working as a farm hand 
at $8.00 per month, and boarding himself. Mr. Fried- 
man, his wife and one child came to Princeville in 
June, 1852. He bought and located on 80 acres of 
prairie land, a part of Section 31, Valley Township, 
Stark Co. He followed the occupation of farming un- 
til 1890, when he retired from active work. He with 
his wife, moved to Princeville, where he died in Sep- 
tember, 1897, and his wife in February, 1902. 

By industry, economy, and shrewd business qual- 
ifications, Joseph Friedman accumulated a thousand 
acres of land in Peoria and Stark Counties. Mr. and 
Mrs. Friedman were the parents of six children, three 
sons and three daughters. John Friedman, deceased, 
born 1849, married to Emma Winkelmeyer in 1876, 
and to them were born six children, John, Bertha, 
Joseph, Amelia, William, and Emma; Sophia, born 
1854; Louisa born 1858; Joseph C. Friedman born 
1863, married Jennie S. Kopp in 1896 and to them were 
born six children, Ruth J., Harry J., Florence I., Ivan 
D., Caroline A., and Helen H. ; William C. Friedman, 
born 1865, married to Minnie Steemer, in 1890 and to 
them Avere born seven children, Josephine, Edward, 
Grace, William Jr., May, Morris, and Bessie; Caroline 
M. Friedman born 1867, married to Lucas Hofer in 
1889, and to them were born four children, Theodore, 
Harry, Caroline and Harriet. 

The direct descendants of Joseph and Caroline 
Friedman now living, i. e. children, grandchildren. 



THE GUE FAMILY 81 

and great-grandchildren, numbering 41 in all, are liv- 
ing in Princeville and vicinity, with the exception of 
one granddaughter, Mrs. May Duschl who with her 
husband lives in Iowa. 



THE GUE FAMILY 
By Mrs. Anna Bronson Lutes, Urbana, 111., 1922. 



The parents of John Wesley Gue were of English- 
Holland descent, and their lineage is traced to the 
Pilgrim Fathers. They lived for a time in the Con- 
necticut valley, then Manhattan Island, afterward 
moving to Pennsylvania. Leaving Pennsylvania, John 
Wesley Gue went to Southern Ohio, w^here he worked 
as a "cabinet maker". At Neville, Ohio, he became 
acquainted WMth and married a Miss J. T. Borrodale. 
She was born April 26, 1817 at Moorestown, New 
Jersey, of English parents, and had moved with her 
parents to Neville, Ohio, where she grew to woman- 
hood. Soon after their marriage in 1839 Mr. and Mrs. 
Gue moved to Ripley, Ohio, where he became a steam- 
boat captain, making regular trips down the Ohio 
River to the Mississippi, and thence to New Orleans. 

In 1849 they moved to Groveland, Illinois, and the 
next year (1850) to Princeville, Illinois. Mr. Gue kept 
a general store at Princeville for two years or until 
his death, which occurred May 21, 1852. He died a 
victim of the cholera epidemic whose fatal ravages 
were severely felt at this time. Left a widow with 
three children, Mrs. Gue took her husband's place in 
the store, and reared and educated her children, their 
first school being in the little stone school house. 
Afterward Nina attended school at Wesleyan Female 
College, Cincinnati, Ohio; George studied for the 
ministry at Abingdon College, and was a classmate of 
the Rev. Charles Ayling, a playmate of his youth ; Wil- 
liam completed his education in the Princeville schools. 



82 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

The Cue's were devout Methodists. John Wesley 
Gue helped with money and influence to build the first 
M. E. Church in Princeville. Their home was often 
a stopping- place for the ''Circuit Riders" of that day, 
among- them the famous Peter Cartwright. At the 
age of nineteen George Gue was admitted to the Pe- 
oria M, E. Conference. When the Civil War broke 
out, he enlisted as a private in 108th Illinois Vol- 
unteers. Promoted to Chaplain, he was with his regi- 
ment in every battle during the term of service, and 
at the siege of Vicksburg he came into possession of 
a large key to the Confederate prison where Federal 
soldiers were confined. Plis mother gave this key to 
the writer, who prizes it highly as a relic. 

During the war Rev. George Gue was married to 
Miss Anna Roberts of Peoria. In 1865 he returned 
with his regiment to Peoria. He was State Chaplain 
for the G. A. R. for a time, and a collection of poems, 
''Our Country's Flag" was published by him. For 
forty-two years Rev. Gue was active in the ministry, 
part of that time as presiding elder. He was for a 
number of years connected with the Extension Society 
of New York, a delegate to the general conference a 
number of times, was elected delegate to the Ecumen- 
ical Council at London, England, but was compelled 
to resign on account of the serious illness of his wife. 
The last eleven years of his life he lived in Portland, 
Oregon ; four years as pastor, remaining years as pre- 
siding elder. Two Colleges conferred the degree D. D. 
upon him. His passing from this world was sudden 
indeed. He dropped dead on the streets of Portland. 
It can be truly said "he died in the harness". 

Nina, second child of John W^ Gue, married D. L. 
T. Bronson and lived twenty-four years on their farm 
near Princeville. (See Bronson sketch elsewhere in 
this Vol.) 

William Gue enlisted as a drummer boy at the 
age of sixteen in the civil war. He was twice a 
prisoner, was in Andersonville Prison nine months (26 
days without food.) At one time he was reported 



MARGARET HAMLIN NIXON HEWITT 83 

dead. After the war William Gue was married to 
Hannah Dunlap of Iowa. He was a telegraph operator 
and station agent, moving from Iowa to Nebraska, 
then to Kansas. Three years before his death he had 
a severe attack of typhoid fever from which he never 
fully recovered. He was brought to his mother's home 
near Princeville, where he died, leaving a widow and 
one child. 

The second marriage of Mrs. John W. Gue was to 
Phineas Bronson. He died February, 1878, leaving 
her with one child, Eugene. They moved to Urbana, 
Illinois in 1883, where she died October 18, 1890. Bur- 
ial at Princeville. Eugene, not married, is living in 
South Dakota. 



MARGARET HAMLIN NIXON HEWITT. 
A Tribute,: By S. S. Slane, 1922. 



The Slane Family history in Vol. I. refers to Ben- 
jamin Slane's coming from Virginia, and adds the fol- 
lowing: "In that same V^irginia community were two 
other families, those of Jonathan Nixon and William 
Nixon, forming with Mr. Slane's family a little group 
bound together by ties of relationship and common 
good will and interests". Jonathan and William Nixon 
were not related, but Jonathan was a cousin of Mrs. 
Slane's. 

The movements of the three families are then 
traced to Ohio; to Fort Clark, now Peoria, in 1831; 
to Rosefield Township, in 1835 ; and to Princeville, in 
1840. Jonathan Nixon and his wife Elizabeth had 
but one child (except two who died in infancy). The 
little girl, born in Princeville, Feb. 23, 1842, was named 
for Margaret Hamlin (Mrs. Oren Hamlin), whom Mrs. 
Nixon valued as a dear friend of the years spent in 
Peoria. 

As Mr. Benjamin Slane had been left a widower 
with his six small children, quoting again from the 



84 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

article in Vol. L, *'Mrs. Nixon became almost a second 
mother to his children, who even now bear in grateful 
memory her care of them at that time". 

Mr. Nixon was a cabinet maker and house car- 
penter (though crippled) and made all the coffins in 
Princeville for years. He also made spinning wheels. 
His home was on Lot 2, Block 21, Original Village, 
and he was the first town clerk for Princeville under 
township organization. 

As the little girl Margaret grew up, she was in the 
Slane home much as a sister to the Slane children, 
eating meals interchangeably at either house. As a 
child, she was very bright, learned readily and headed 
her class in school. All throug'h life she was a great 
reader. She was a fine penman, and a beautiful singer 
(as were both of her parents) and robust in health. 

She was married in 1861 to James Hewitt, a young 
attorney. They settled in Toulon, and later moved to 
Cambridge, Illinois, Mr. Hewitt practicing law for 
several years. Their only child, Mabel, was born at 
Toulon. 

From Cambridge Mr. and Mrs. Hewitt moved to 
Red Oak, Montgomery Co., Iowa. Here Mr. Hewitt 
was elected and re-elected Circuit Judge, dying before 
the expiration of his second term. Their daughter 
Mabel here married Wm. E. Butler who was then 
Court Reporter in her father's Court. Mrs. Hewitt 
died at the home of her daughter in Council Bluffs on 
Aug. 20, 1921, and w^as buried beside her husband at 
Red Oak. 

As one grows older, and nearer the sun down of 
life, the memories of four score years ago recall not 
only the pictures of babyhood and girlhood, but also 
of womanhood and motherhood, as represented by 
Mrs. Hewitt. The kindnesses and friendships of pio- 
neer days continue to the present time. 

NOTE. Mr. Slane, after approving final draft of 
the above said, *Tt was wonderful the way the neighbor 
women helped each other in those days. It is true a 



THE JACOB HOAG FAMILY 85 

family got into town once in a while that had to be 
'drummed out' by shooting off the anvils at their cor- 
ner until they caught the hint; but the families that 
stayed and were congenial, were very congenial. 

**When Mr. Sherman, — Moses Reeves Sherman, 
who lived where Warren Bouton's home is, — was start- 
ing to Missouri, following Daniel Prince down there, 
everybody in town turned out to tell the family good- 
bye. The women, in their calico dresses and aprons, 
were weeping as if they would never see the Sherman 
women again, — which they did not, — and wiping their 
eyes on their apons. 

"Mr. Sherman, called on for a speech, stood in the 
wagon which was to be their means of conveyance. 
He closed by saying, 

" 'Now, I have always been called Bishop Sherman, 
and with me gone, you will have no Bishop. I there- 
fore appoint Jonathan Nixon to be Bishop in my place.' 

"And it was 'Bishop Nixon' to the end of Mr. 
Nixon's days." 



THE JACOB HOAG FAMILY. 
By Stephen S. Hoag, 1920. 

Jacob Hoag was born in Otsego Co., New York, 
Oct. 10, 1814. At the age of two years, he moved 
with his parents to Niagara Co., N. Y., where he was 
reared and educated. On coming to Illinois in 1838, 
he lived for a short time on land now included within 
the limits of Chicago. He lived in Peoria about a 
year when he purchased and settled on a farm — the 
N. W. 54 Section 29, Akron Township. He paid $2.50 
per acre for this land. This was his home for over 
sixty years. 

In April 1839, he was married to Abigail Hill, 
youngest daughter of the Rev. John Hill. The mar- 
riage ceremony took place in a log cabin which stood 
about 40 rods South West of the Slane lime kiln, and 



86 • HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

same distance East of the Washington Wear residence. 
Seven children blessed this union, six of whom grew 
to maturity, viz: Albert S.; Edwin R. ; Amelia (Bar- 
nett) ; Alma P. (Nelson) ; John C; Naia (Cutler) who 
died 42 years ago ; and Stephen S., the author of this 
sketch. Two of the sons were in the Union armv : — 
Edwin R. serving three years and five months in Pe- 
oria Battery, and Albert S. one year and three months. 
Jacob Hoag was reared a Quaker but left that 
church when he married the daughter of a Methodist 
minister. He was trustee of the M. E. church for 
many years. Jacob Hoag died March 11, 1897. His 
wife Abigail Hill Hoag died August 4, 1888. Both are 
buried in the Princeville cemetery. 



THE KEADY FAMILY IN PEORIA COUNTY. 

By Alex. Keady, 1922. 



In the month of April, 1849, Samuel G. Keady and 
Eleanor Yates his wife embarked on a Steam Boat 
at Wheeling, West Virginia, (as it is now) for the 
great and undeveloped West, and after a two weeks 
voyage down the Ohio, up the Mississippi and Illinois 
they landed in the small town which is now "Greater 
Peoria." They with nine children had left their home 
in a two room log cabin in the woods to seek a home 
on the famous Prairies of Illinois, where they were 
preceded by Joseph Yates and Dr. Thomas Yates, 
brothers of Mrs. Keady, and by John Hervey and 
their families. 

The Keady family consisted of ten children, who 
are mentioned in succession in this paragraph. Mary 
Paris was born in 1831, married in 1860 to Peter Kelly. 
He died in Dunlap. She is still living at the age of 90. 
Jane Yates was born in 1833, was married in 1856 to 
Robert M. Hamilton, who died in 1858. She was mar- 
ried the second time to William Martin in 1871 and he 
too is dead. She died at Chenoa, 111., in 1903. Elizabeth 
Clark was born in 1834, was married to Joseph Yates, 



THE KEADY FAMILY IN PEORIA COUNTY 87 

Jr. in 1856. He died in 1877, and she died in Florida 
in 1889. Thomas Keady was born in 1836, was a 
member of Co. A 47th 111. Infantry, and in 1866 was 
married to Rebecca Martin, who is still living in Dun- 
lap. Thomas died in Dunlap in 1918. Martha A. was 
born in 1838, was married in 1861 to Nathan Amzi 
Means, w^ho died in Akron, Ohio. She, too, died in 
Akron, Ohio, in 1911. Alex Keady was born in 1841, 
and in 1871 was married to Maggie H. Wilder, who 
died in 1883. In 1886 he was married to Cora F. 
Schnebly, both still living. Alex served in the 151st 
Illinois. Louisa E. was born in 1843 and in 1867 she 
was married to Samuel M. Coburn. He died at Inter- 
lachen, Florida, in 1913. Mrs. Coburn is still living in 
Florida. Emma D. was born in 1845, and in 1864 was 
married to Kirk E. Brown who died at Dunlap in 
1867. Mrs. Brown is still living at Boone, Iowa. Bar- 
bara B. was born in 1847, and in 1874 was married to 
Judson Eugene Parish at Dunlap, who died at Dunlap 
in 1874. Mrs. Parish died in 1920. Samuel Breese 
Keady was born at Dunlap in 1851; was never mar- 
ried. He made the trip around the world in 1886-1887, 
and also to Europe a few years later. He was killed 
on the Northwestern Rail Road near Dunlap in 1914. 

Thomas, Martha and Louisa E. were pupils at the 
old Princeville Academy before the War, when it was 
conducted by Profs. Rev. Stone and Nathan A. Means. 
Samuel B. took a course in Brown's Commercial 
School in its early days. Barbara B. attended College 
at Knoxville, Illinois. All the others got a meagre 
education in the very common schools of the early 
days, mostly in a primitive log school house on a side 
hill in the woods of West Virginia. The children were 
seated on hewed slab seats, each seat braced up on 
four legs. The "3 R's" were the courses taught in 
those primitive schools. 

When the Keady family arrived in Peoria County, 
they purchased and occupied the South West Quarter 
of Section 1, Radnor Township, where Alvin Bushnell 
had begun to make a farm home. Alex still tells of 



88 HISTORY AND REMIXISCEXCES 

driving- 5 yoke of oxen to a Z2 inch breaking- plow, 
breaking up the prairie sod on many eastern Radnor 
farms. That was the day of ox cart travel, reap-hook 
and cradle harvesters, — before the da3's of reapers or 
self binders. Corn was all dropped by hand; corn was 
shelled with hand power shellers, and the most primi- 
tive implements and methods were in use. Peoria was 
the only market in all that country, not a mile of rail- 
road in the state; no roads, no bridges, but deer and 
other game a-plenty; no Church nearer than Prince- 
ville eight miles away. 

The Keady's were all strong Presbyterians and the 
Church was next in importance to the home. About 
1852 the "Prospect" Presbyterian Church was organ- 
ized with six Keady names on the charter, and others 
added as they grew up. Out of the round dozen names 
on the family roll, only four are left alive today : Mary 
Kelly, 90; Alex, 80; Lou Coburn, 78; and Emma 
Brown, 76. Samuel G., the father, died in 1853 of 
Malarial fever so pevalent in the early days, his grave 
being the first dug in the Cemetery north of Dunlap. 



THE WM. OWENS FAMILY. 
By Phronia Owens Hall, 1922. 



William Owens was born in Staunton, Virginia, 
1821. Mary Emily Bagley, his wife, was born in 
Athens, Ohio, 1825. They came West in 1844. On 
Christmas day of that year, William Owens came 
on horseback to Princeville looking for a place to lo- 
cate, leaving his wife and two children at a settler's, 
back on the trail. He was met as he came to the 
edge of the Village by Benjamin Slane who kindly 
assisted him in finding a place to locate. 

Ten children were born to Mr. and Mrs. Owens: 
Frederick Merrick, Hannah Ellen, Lydia Sophia, Sarah 
Emily, Ann Eliza, William (died at birth), Mary 
Sophronia, William Fletcher, Eddy Watson, and Car- 



THE \VM. OWENS FAMILY 89 

rie Belle. All are dead but Lydia (Mrs. Streeter), 
Sophronia (Mrs. Hall) and Carrie Belle (who never 
married), these three sisters living together in Chicago 
at the date of this article. 

In the year 1855, Mr. Owens bought the hotel 
site, entire South Half of Block 11, Original Village 
of Princeville. The E. Russell house on the South 
West corner had been used for hotel purposes since 
1848, Captain John Williams being the tavern keeper 
until Mr. Owens purchased the property in the year 
stated. Mr. Owens replaced the old Russell dwelling 
by a larger hotel building, which later contained the 
ofhce of the Arlington House, and to this day is the 
office part of the ''Logan-Lee Highway" hotel. 

During the Lincoln and Douglas campaigns, many 
noted speakers were entertained at "The Travelers' 
Rest," as Mr. Owens called his hotel. (The Owens 
daughters were singers of marked ability, both during 
and after the close of the war, and it is said that some 
of their solos were heard in the quiet of many even- 
ings, all over town. They sang both at home, in 
church, at public meetings and in Peoria. — Ed.) 

The Travelers' Rest was also a famous rendezvous, 
with midnight suppers, for hunting parties that had 
been spending the day, or more than one day, up along 
Spoon River, and had reached as far as Princeville 
on their return to Peoria. 

Mr. and Mrs. Owens being active members of the 
Methodist Church, their hotel home swarmed with 
ministers and elders at time of Quarterly and revival 
meetings. On such occasions, the children had to sleep 
on the floor. No chance for them at the first table, 
nor the second; and by the time the third was spread, — 
well, the little folks called it "leavins". 

Mr. Owens, upon the death of his father Geo. 
Owens, was taken as an infant and raised by his grand- 
father John Cockrell of Virginia. This grandfather 
was a great hunter and Wm. Owens, when a lad, often 
accompanied him on his trips in the mountains of 
that state. These glorious hunting days furnished ma- 



90 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

terial for many a reminiscence for Mr. Owens' older 
years. Mrs. Owens' mother, Lydia Townsend of New 
York, was a cousin of U. S. Senator Martin I. Town- 
send, and traced her ancestry back to the Standishes. 
Mrs. Owens, after serving as nurse for several 
years, became a physician, what they called an 
''Eclectic" in those days. At that time they did not 
have the routine of medical schools to pass through, 
just a "permit" from city authorities. Under such a 
''permit" Mrs. Owens practiced very successfully for 
many years. Always a woman of great energy and a 
desire to do good in the world, and of independent 
action, she went, in the year 1878, to New Orleans to 
help nurse yellow fever patients during the great epi- 
demic then raging. After about three months heroic 
service, she herself succumbed to the disease, and 
Rev. John Mathews, Pastor of Corondolet St. Church, 
wrote to the family in part as follows : 

"Your mother came to our city the last part of 
August. The day after her arrival she attended my 
church, and informed me of the purpose of her com- 
ing. When I told her T am sorry to see you,' (we 
feared for the stranger; the epidemic was sweeping 
away our people, as a storm bears the leaves of a 
forest), she rebuked me 'by saying, Ts it possible you 
talk that way after preaching such a sermon, one so 
encouraging?' 

'Tt was not that we did not appreciate motives so 
noble, but nearly every stranger had died up to that 
time. But she was here, I undertook to make her feel 
at home, and introduced her to friends. She applied 
to the Howard association for a place to work. They 
refused to appoint her, fearing she would take the 
fever and die. The Young Men's Christian Association 
also refused. We all felt that we could not send her 
to places where the fever raged. Your mother visited 
my office again and again, consulting. T must work!' 
she said. I suggested to her, to go and visit the 
needy poor, where no fever existed. I gave her places, 



THE WM. OWENS FAMILY 91 

she began on that line and soon proved such a blessing, 
that every heart was open. 

''Not satisfied, she published an article in one of 
our city papers, telling of her object and motives. 
Persons applied at once and soon she w^as in the midst 
of the fever. I was sorry — but could not keep her 
back. How like an Angel of blessing she moved up 
and down our streets ! Day and night she carried 

gladness and joy into stricken homes She 

went to see the poor and neglected, those that had no 
friends, and gave money, time and prayers. It was a 
three-fold blessing she conferred.. 

"As time passed, she became more widely known, 
and they were sending for her on all sides. When I 
was able (after a siege of yellow fever myself) to go 
to my office, she communicated with me; and I won- 
dered at her preservation. She told all along, "Yes, 
yes, Bro. Mathews is afraid I will take the fever, but 
he will have it, and live to bury me'. She did not 
signify she would have the fever. Your mother was 
possessed with the idea that she would not take it. 
So with many others, but such an idea does not keep 
it off. 

"On Sunday, the 10th of November, your mother 

began to show signs of the malady and she 

died on the 16th (Nov. 16, 1878). You should 

rejoice that such a woman was your mother. She had 
filled her mission. Her work was done. That name 

'Owens' is embalmed in many hearts. The 

city papers paid a tribute to her memory. I cut out 
three articles and sent to Dr. Thomas with a lengthy 
account of your dear mother, now an Angel, and a 
blessed child of light. The tears over her coffin, and 
at the cemetery, indicated the love borne her. We 

feel, as I wrote Dr. Thomas, 'She died for us.' 

I have but little spare time, but I felt it was due you — 
due the memory of this glorified woman — to be ex- 
plicit with her children Her three months 

life amongst us was worth a hundred common lives, 
worth a thousand sermons!" 



92 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

The children were married and scattered far and 
wide. Mr. Owens continued to make his home in 
Princeville through an honored old age, and died at 
Princeville on Feb. 24, 1902. 



THE RIEL FAMILY 
By Mrs. Rose King Gresham, 1920. 



Peter Riel was born June 4, 1814 at Niagara, 
Canada. He was married to Mary Klinck who was 
born May 21, 1817 at Richmond Hill, Canada, about 
fifteen miles west of the pretty city of Toronto. They 
were the parents of thirteen children, of whom the 
following were born in Canada: Rosanna, (Mrs. Joseph 
Higgs) March 12, 1838, (deceased) ; Sarah Catherine, 
(Mrs. Walter Evans) August 31, 1839, Chillicothe, 111.; 
Margaret, April 25, 1841, (deceased) ; Leonard, April 
27, 1843, (deceased) ; Martha, September 1, 1845, (de- 
ceased) ; John Wesley, April 8, 1847, Peoria, 111. ; Mary, 
(Mrs. Henry King) April 2, 1849, Denver, Colo. Those 
born after coming to Illinois were William James, May 
27, 1851, (died in infancy) ; Arilla, August 31, 1853, 
Princeville, 111.; Peter Leslie, August 30, 1857, Prince- 
ville, 111.; Joseph and Josephine, twins, (died in in- 
fancy) ; Emma, (Mrs. Lynn McNeal) Nov. 10, 1859. 

Mr. and Mrs. Riel lived in Canada until 1850, when 
they journeyed to Illinois by team and covered wagon 
which seemed to be the most popular way of travel 
at that time. W^ith them they brot their dog "Danger" 
which followed closely by foot all the way. In the 
excitement of getting across the Illinois river, the dog 
was forgotten. He, not meaning to be left behind, 
swam across, safely reaching the opposite side. 

The wagon of Mr. Riel and family was followed 
for some distance by a band of what was thought to 
be highwaymen. One member of the Riel family 
overheard a conversation in which it was agreed upon 
that all should be killed but the baby, who happens to 
be none other than the writer's mother, Mrs. Henry 



THE KIEL FAMILY 93 

King. They were thrown off the trail by the family 
stopping over night at a farmhouse. We cannot help 
but wonder what would have been the life of the 
*'baby" had these plans been carried out. 

The first two months in Illinois were spent in Pe- 
oria. From there, Mr. Riel took his family to Prince- 
ville. Records show that on Oct. 31, 1850 he purchased 
the East One-half of the Northwest quarter of section 
26, paying $450 for this eighty acres. Later, he pur- 
chased more land, making one hundred sixty acres in 
all. They first built a small brick house, but, later, a 
larger and better one. 

Mr. and Mrs. Riel were both members of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church, as were their children. 
They were a conscientious and industrious people. 
Little is known of Mr. Riel's earlier life, but after 
coming to Illinois, he, as did all early settlers, had 
many hardships to face and difficulties to overcome. It 
was thru hard work that he and his wife made for 
themselves and family a home. 

Mrs. Riel came from a family noted for their long- 
evity. She was the daughter of Mrs. Elizabeth Grant 
Klinck, who lived to be 105 years of age. A sister, 
Mrs. Zilla McMurtry, died a few years ago in Lacon, 
111., at the age of 101. 

The writer, often, when a child, delighted to sit at 
Grandma's knee and listen to the interesting stories 
told of many exciting experiences had in the earlier 
days with the Canadian Indians. She was of a cheer- 
ful disposition, and it is remembered that only a short 
time previous to her death, she was seen playing a 
joke on one of her grandchildren. 

Mrs. Riel was also noted for her generosity. Never 
was a person in want turned from her door without 
the help she could give. Even though her house was 
filled and crowded, there was always room (even 
though necessary to make a bed on the floor) for the 
stranger who needed shelter for the night. Many 
times entire families were protected from the storm or 



94 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

the cold under her hospitable roof. No questions 
asked. The mere fact that help was needed was suffi- 
cient. On one instance a family, including several 
small children, was taken in, and, it is believed, were 
actually saved from freezing- to death. They were 
moving across country and the weather was bitter 
cold. The mother said to Mrs. Riel "God bless you, 
dear woman, you have saved my children. We have 
tried for miles around and none would take us in." 

Mr. Riel died May 4, 1879 on the farm where they 
had lived since settling in Princeville Township. His 
wife died August 23 1902 in the town of Princeville, 
where she had moved some time after her husband's 
death. Both are resting in the Princeville Cemetery. 



ADDITIONAL ON THE RIEL FAMILY. 
By Sarah C. Evans, 1920. 

(This sketch was received by the committee, sub- 
sequent to Mrs. Gresham's above.) 



My grandmother Klinck, who lived to be 105 years 
old, was married first to Calvin Grant, an uncle of 
General Grant, and by this marriage there were two 
children. Sometime after Mr. Grant's death, she mar- 
ried Leonard Klinck. who was a fine school master 
and a prominent Free Mason (his was the first Ma- 
sonic funeral held in Princeville, in 1852). 

We are of mixed ancestry, both German and Irish 
on our father's side, and English, German and Scotch 
on our mother's side. 

I recollect as a child in Canada, my sister Rosanna 
and I had to travel day after day two miles to school, 
both winter and summer. In winter the cold was se- 
vere and snow drifts often above tops of the fences. 



ADDITIONAL ON THE RIEL FAMILY 95 

At time of one snow storm, someone failed to 
cover the fire with ashes one night and, as matches 
were never thought of like they are now, father had 
to take the old iron teakettle and go to a neighbor's 
for some coals. After that we saw that a bed of coals 
was always well covered. What would this young and 
rising generation think today, if this bit of history 
would overtake them? 

Another incident occurs to me. Father had a sugar 
camp where every season we children all did our part 
in gathering sap and watching the boiling kettles. The 
Indians had their wigwams all through that "sugar 
bush" as we called that Maple grove, and father aimed 
to always have someone on guard over the boiling 
syrup. This year, when the three days' boiling process 
was all but finished and father had called "sugar pfif" 
meaning that he was ready to pour the sugar into 
cakes, in buckets, etc., and he was starting to the house 
for dinner, he said, as the Indians had not disturbed 
anything that year, we might all go home and have a 
warm dinner. While we were gone, the Indians stole 
all three days' sugar. 

Later on, after building a fine house and new barn, 
my father got the fever to move to Illinois. My 
mother protested against any move, but father finally 
won over, sold out at a good price, bought a new 
wagon, rigged up and started for Illinois, — to roam 
over the vast prairies, as he used to state to the family. 
That was in the fall of 1850. 

We took the boat at Toronto, traveling part by 
water and part by land. I recollect how sick we all 
got on Lake Erie. Our large black dog would watch 
the wagon and stay with the horses. We always saw 
that he was safe with us, and he protected us, when 
we would walk at times. Through the Indiana swamps 
for some distance there were great blacksnakes, from 
which he protected us. We finally landed in Peoria, 
fall of 1850. 



% HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

Father and mother were very strict with us, many 
thanks to them for it. ^lother used to spin yarn and 
teach us to knit our own stockings and mittens, also 
to sew. We had always to be found under their roof 
at night ; they never allowed us to go to dances. They 
had a family altar, would read a chapter in the morn- 
ing and sing a hymn, and the same at night. They be- 
longed to the Methodist belief; I always thought my 
mother was a little selfish as regards other churches. 
She did not want us to go to any other church. I 
married Walter T. Evans in 1863 and have lived on 
the homestead here near Chillicothe, Illinois, ever 
since. 



HON. WILLIAM ROWCLIFFE. 
By James F. Rowxliffe, 1922. 



Hon. William Rowcliiite, one of the early settlers 
of Illinois, was born March 12, 1818 in Devonshire, 
England. His father John RowclifTe, who was prom- 
inent in public affairs in the Parish of Swinebridge, 
lived on a farm, and William w^as the oldest of a family 
of six children. His school advantages were limited, 
and under the subscription system. 

He was 18 years old when the family left Bidde- 
ford, England, on the sailing vessel *'Ebenezer" and 
after a stormy voyage of six weeks arrived at New 
York. He remained with his father in Huron Co., 
Ohio, until he came of age, then begun working out by 
the month and year, continuing his education at night 
school and on Sundays. 

He was married June 5th, 1841 to Mary Ford, 
daughter of the Rev. James Ford of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church. Rev. Ford came to America in 
1833, settling in Huron County, Ohio where he died 
three months after his arrival. To William and Mary 
Rowcliife were born seven children : Mary Jane, wife 



HON. VVM. ROVVCLIFFE 97 

of Aaron C. Moffit, died Jan. 29th, 1886; John Wesley, 
who died Dec. 7th, 1916; Betsy Ann Smith, living 
in Akron, Ohio; Celeste Isabel, wife of Albert N. Case, 
died May 6th, 1915; George W., still living on the farm 
in Jubilee Township; James F., living in Peoria, 111.; 
and Charles Edmond, living in Twin Falls, Idaho. 
Mrs. Rowcliffe died Jan. 3rd, 1888, and all the mem- 
bers of the family who have died are buried in the 
Princeville Cemetery. 

For two or three years after his marriage he rented 
a farm, then buying a tract near Norwalk, Ohio, which 
he improved and operated until the spring of 1853. 
Selling then, he turned his footsteps toward Peoria 
County, to which place he had been induced to come. 
He shipped his goods to Chicago, whence he was con- 
veyed by team to Peoria, finding but a small town 
where now a flourishing city stands. 

Locating in Kickapoo Township, he farmed for the 
first summer, and the following spring rented 160 
acres in Jubilee Township, known as the Radley farm. 
In 1855 he bought 160 acres on Section 11, the follow- 
ing year adding 160 acres on Section 12. The land 
was raw prairie, bare of improvements, and to first 
turn the tough sod, it was necessary to use five yoke 
of oxen on the breaking plows. 

Mr. Rowclifife was active in both Township, Coun- 
ty, and State politics, having served as collector, as- 
sessor, etc. Deeply interested in education, and in 
building public school houses, he was among the first 
directors of his district, and served as director for 
more than forty years. He was a member of the 
County board of supervisors when the present Court 
House was built. For twenty four years he held the 
ofiice of Justice of the Peace. Nominated and elected 
to the legislature on the Republican ticket, he served 
in the Twenty-ninth session. 

He was a devout Christian, and for over forty 
years was a local minister in the Methodist Episcopal 
Church, having been licensed to preach in 1842. He 



98 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

was active in every effort for the promotion of re- 
ligious privileges in the community, (see note.) 

Mr. Rowcliffe enlisted in the Fourteenth Illinois 
Cavalry; was mustered into service at Peoria, January 
7th, 1863, as First Lieutenant of Company M., and 
was sent South to join the army of the Ohio in Ken- 
tucky. The first three months of his active service was 
during the Morgan raid, and after the capture of the 
noted southerner at Buffington Isle, his regiment was 
with General Burnside in the East Tennessee Country. 
There he participated in the battles of Walker's Ford, 
Bean Station, and Fair Garden. 

The Command was then sent into Carolina to 
break up Indian squads, in which two regiments had 
previously been unsuccessfully engaged. Lieut. Row- 
cliffe was in command of the company most of the 
time during this service, which was successful, twenty 
one of the Indians being taken prisoners. During the 
Indian raid the First Lieutenant of Company A. was 

Note : "Squire" Rowcliffe, with all his culture and 
force of leadership, was not above actual labor with 
his hands. He would plow corn or make hay or har- 
vest in the hot sun all week, and on Sunday morning, 
after giving himself a clean shave, hitch the tired 
horses to his wagon and drive, with his family, to 
Church in Princeville. He might have sat for a few 
minutes after breakfast with his Bible, picking out a 
text : then not a word from his lips on the long drive 
to town, as his rnind was formulating the sermon. 
Then, perhaps substituting for the regular Methodist 
Minister who was away at Conference, or filling a 
vacancy in the Presbyterian Church, for he preached 
in both churches, his commanding figure would appear 
in the pulpit, and the sermon was always masterful. 
One of the editing committee remembers well hearing 
him conduct the funeral of Washington Wakefield, a 
near neighbor in Jubilee in July, 1875 ; and also that 
of Carlisle Aldrich of Akron Township in July, 1878. 
— Editors. 



HON. VVM. ROVVCLIFFE 99 

killed, and Lieut. Rowcliffe was detailed to bring his 
body home. After performing that sad duty he was 
detailed to take recruits from Springfield, 111., to 
Nicholasville, Ky. where he mounted and drilled them. 

He was next ordered to re-equip, and take his men 
to Cleveland, Tenn. Having but ten days in which to 
accomplish that purpose, he had not only to distribute 
the new stores, but to gather up the old unserviceable 
ones. After reaching Cleveland and transferring the 
troops and equipments, he rejoined his regiment at Big 
Shanty. Detailed as an ordnance officer on the staff 
of Col. Capron before the battle of Kenesaw Mountain, 
he laid there and took care of the wounded until July 
27th. 

He was next engaged with his company fighting 
Wheeler's forces during the Stoneman raid to Macon, 
Ga. At Sunshine Church a battle took place and after 
accomplishing their purpose of destroying the rail- 
road and stores, the brigade passed on. During the 
night the horse of Lieut. RowcliiTe mired, he was 
obliged to leave the animal, and as his comrades had 
passed on, to take to the woods alone. It was seven- 
teen days before he reached Atlanta, during which 
time he was hunted and hounded, and spoke with but 
two persons — one white, and one black. He followed 
the North Star for a guide by night, crossing streams 
on logs and planks, suffering from lack of food, and 
drenched by the rain which fell during the greater 
part of the time, but to which he no doubt owed his 
final escape from the dangers which threatened him. 
After the second day he had nothing to eat but thirteen 
ripe peaches which he found on an old plantation, and 
during the last days of travel he several times fainted 
from weakness. The first day he was tracked by 
bloodhounds, but having hidden before the dew went 
off he threw them off the scent. The continuous rains 
and the darkness favored him, and he finally rejoined 
his regiment at Marietta, Ga. 

He and his company were ordered to Turner's 
Ferry to guard Sherman who was then throwing his 



100 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

army about Atlanta. The very next morning Gen. 
Slocum, as he had no mounted men, sent orders to 
Col. Capron to go to Atlanta and act as advance guard 
for the Twentieth Corps. Lieut. Rowcliffe suggested 
the raising of a volunteer company of officers to act 
as privates in this duty, and securing twenty four re- 
cruits, he started for Atlanta. This advance guard 
was near that city when met by the Mayor and 
officials who announced their readiness to surrender 
the place. Lieut. Rowcliffe whom Gen. Slocum had 
left in command of the advance, directed them to wait 
for the General who would soon be along, and he with 
his cavalry dashed on into the town which they were 
thus the first to enter. They met a rebel squad which 
soon gave way to the Cavalry. 

Returning to Nicholasville, Ky., Lieut. Rowcliffe 
was remounted and then, going to Nashville, took his 
place in the left wing of the Union Army. His brigade 
was first struck by Hood's right, and for two days 
kept up a running fight while moving toward Colum- 
bia. He was then sent to the left upon Duck River 
to guard forts there. Hood's forces having divided and 
surrounded them, they had to cut their way out at 
night, reaching Franklin the day before the battle 
there. After this they lay in the edge of a field for a 
couple of weeks. 

Then followed the battle of Nashville, during which 
Lieut. Rowclifife had charge of the ambulance corps of 
the Cavalry. The order detailing him for Ambulance 
Director was issued the day before the battle. The 
command having followed Hood to Graverly Springs, 
had their last fight with him on Christmas Day; 
gathered up the wounded and took them to Franklin ; 
then went on down the Tennessee River. The division 
was then ordered back to guard the Alabama railroad 
at Pulaski. After getting receipts for supplies he had 
left at Cleveland, and getting matters straightened up, 
he rejoined his regiment at Nashville, thence accom- 
panied them to Pulaski, and there remained on turn- 
pike picket duty until the close of the war. He was 



THE STREITMATTER FAMILY 101 

thus engaged when the news of the assassination of 
President Lincoln reached him. 

Lieut. Rowcliffe received a Captain's Commission 
from Gov. *'Dick" Oglesby but was discharged as First 
Lieutenant. He passed through the various danger 
scenes of his army life without receiving a scratch. 

The later years of his life were spent on the old 
home farm, in Jubilee Township, honored and respect- 
ed by a host of friends and neighbors. He died March 
11, 1892, and was buried in the Cemetery at Princeville. 



THE STREITMATTER FAMILY. 

(Largely compiled from notes given by Louis Streit- 
matter in July, 1899, to Edward Auten). 

Michael Streitmatter with his wife Catharine came 
from the village of Hegelberg, Baden, Germany. He 
was by trade a nagelschmidt or nail smith, and "a 
mechanic who could do any repairing in wood or iron 
work, or could make shoes or anything". In the old 
country, Mr. Streitmatter was elected a surveyor, the 
qualifications for which he had studied up himself; and 
if he had stayed in his old home the people wanted to 
elect him city mayor. He was a very handy and active 
man. 

As his boys grew up, the German government 
wanted them for soldiers. They did not want to be 
soldiers and their father told them if they would help 
him again in America, he would go there with them. 

There were six boys and two girls who came to 
America, Frederick, George, Jacob, Christian, Barbara, 
Catherine, Louis and William. They came, probably 
1847, to the Town of Eden, near Hamburg, N. Y., liv- 
ing about 12 miles S. W. from Buffalo. As wages were 
very low here and work hard to get, the eldest son, 
Frederick, came West. He landed at Princeville, prob- 
ably 1849, and worked first for a Mr. Thomas Black on 
Sec. 33, Akron Township (farm now Wm. Pullen's). 
Sometime later he sent for the rest of the family to 
come. 



102 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

Just before leaving New York State, Mr. Streit- 
matter, Sr., had a dream. 

The floor went down and water came up where the 
floor had been. This dream greatly impressed his mind 
and he was afraid of some calamity on the trip to 
Illinois. Coming West by way of boats on Lake Erie, 
Lake Huron and Lake Michigan, and thence by canal, 
they reached LaSalle, 111., without any mishap. The 
steamer coming from LaSalle down the Illinois River 
was run into in the night by a larger steamer, a big 
hole made in her and one of the side wheels knocked 
off. With the other wheel the steamer was run to the 
river bank and made fast with big ropes. The people 
were asleep and the boat men waked up all who had 
not been wakened by the crash. All were hurried off 
the boat on a wide plank which had been laid to shore. 
In the morning, the back end of the steamer had sunk 
and thus the dream was fulfilled. While many lost 
everything, Mr. Streitmatter had a trunk full of books 
rescued by the boat men in a skiff, after the books had 
been thoroughly soaked. There is a tradition in the 
family that Mr. Streitmatter himself put these books 
into the river, deciding on the impulse, that near the 
end of the journey, that he did not want them. They 
were, perhaps, books against religion; at any rate, in 
after years, he did not want his children to read them. 
The people got oif into the timber, built fires and 
stayed over night. The next day it rained, and all got 
into an old log cabin which they found. In the after- 
noon a steamer came along which after some delay, 
landed them safe at Peoria. 

This was probably about 1852 or 1853. In Feb- 
ruary, 1854, Mr. Streitmatter bought eighty acres, the 
North half of the North West Quarter of Sec. 10, Ak- 
ron Township. Here he built a house and moved out 
in October. His wife Catherine was failing in health 
and died during the first winter. She was buried 
somewhere in the garden on this farm, exact spot not 
known; and her son Louis in one of his latest years, 



THE STREITMATTER FAMILY 103 

erected a little marker to her memory in the present 
house yard. 

All of the eight children raised large families and 
among them and their children, have settled the equiv- 
alent of perhaps a township. 

Frederick Streitmatter returned to Germany, prob- 
ably in fall of 1857, to marry and bring back his sweet- 
heart Barbara Ernest. Their children were: Cath- 
erine (Zehr), Fred E., Louis E., Ernest, and Emma 
(Rumbold), besides five who died when small, Dan, 
John, George, Barbara and Martha. 

George Streitmatter married Lena Kuhn, and their 
children were: Wm. P., Edward J., John (died when 
little), Mary L. (Streitmatter), and Caroline (Woertz). 

Jacob Streitmatter married Sophia Oertley and 
their children were: Jacob, Sophia (Herrmann), Chris- 
tina (Rieger), Mary (Asal), Leonard, Fred E., Louisa 
(Muselman), Lena (Rieger), Charles (died at age 30), 
Rudolph, Andrew, Peter, George, Sarah (Hegel). 

Christian Streitmatter married Christiana Ziegen- 
horn, and their children were: Hannah (Frank), 
Henry, Dorothea (Snyder), Christian, Michael (died at 
age 4), Joseph, Christina (Snyder), Lena (Fritz), 
Susan (Seidel), Benjamin, Reuben, August. 

Barbara Streitmatter died unmarried, soon after 
the family reached Peoria county. 

Catherine Streitmatter married John Oertley and 
their children were: Katie (O'Brien, Susan (Pointon), 
John, and Matilda (Gruner). 

Louis Streitmatter married Catherine Gebhard, and 
their children were: Annie (Weese), Katie (Wieland), 
Samuel, Lydia (Beyer), John L. (died at 1 yr.), Ida 
(Dietz,) and Louis (died at age 9). 

William F. Streitmatter married Maria Munk, and 
their children were: Rosa (Begner), Louise (Johnson), 
William A., Matilda (Gehrt), Clara (Oertley), Amiel, 
Mollie (died at one year), and David. 



104 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

THE VAUGHN WILLIAMS FAMILY. 
By Mrs. Eliza Simpson, 1920. 



Vaug-hn Guest Williams was born in Frederick- 
town, Knox Co., Ohio, March 18, 1818, and received 
his education in the common schools of his native 
town. Mr. Williams moved to Peoria Co., 111., in 1840. 
After remaining about a year he returned to his former 
home in Ohio, to bring his parents and two sisters to 
Princeville. The sisters were Rachel and Ellen, later 
Mrs. James McDowell. 

On July 17, 1843, he was married to Viola Hall, a 
native of the same county in Ohio, born Christmas 
day 1824. They were the parents of ten children, five 
sons and five daughters — Mary E. (deceased), wife 
of Alexander C. Tebow ; Rebecca, wife of John Dus- 
ten; John; Aaron; Almira, wife of Albert Stewart; 
Emeline deceased), wife of Richard Heberling; 
Glenn; Clarke (deceased); Eliza, wife of William 
Simpson ; and James. 

Mr. Williams came to Illinois in limited circum- 
stances, but by industry and good judgment secured a 
good property and home, consisting of 240 acres of 
fine land Section 30, Akron Township. He was a 
charter member of the Thief Detective and Mutual Aid 
Society of Princeville. This society organized in the 
early 60's still maintains its existence. 

Vaughn G. Williams died April 20, 1897. Viola 
Hall Williams died March 28, 1907. They are both 
buried in the Princeville Cemetery. 



THE YATES FAMILY. 
By Edgar Yates, 1922. 



Among the pioneer settlers of Radnor Township 
were three brothers, Joseph, Adam and Thomas Yates, 
natives of Ohio County, West Virginia, located in 
what is known as ''The Pan^handle", near Wheeling. 



THE YATES FAMILY 105 

In 1847 they and their families left those rugged hills 
to find a place where living conditions would be pleas- 
anter and the rewards of toil much more satisfactory. 
Reports said, too, that in the great prairies of the west, 
land was cheap and abundant; they hoped to secure 
homes nearby for their children, also, and thus have 
their companionship on through old age. 

They left Wheeling by flat boat, coming via the 
Ohio, Mississippi and Illinois rivers to Peoria, then a 
straggling village of one short street along the river 
bank. They settled near together in the northeastern 
corner of Radnor Township. 

The families were as follows: Joseph Yates, born 
March 11, 1798, married Mary Colwell June 10, 1819, 
died Dec. 8, 1878. Mary Colwell, born May 5, 1796, 
died Sept. 24, 1883. Children : Rachel Yates, born July 
5, 1820, died May 31, 1832; Thomas Yates, born July 
24, 1824, died Feb. 26, 1892, at Mt. Hope, Kans. ; John 
Caldwell, born Aug. 11, 1827, married Miss Hitchcock, 
died March 14, 1896, at Peoria; Mary Nelson, born 
Apr. 1, 1830, married Dr. Jas. P. Miller Sept. 30, 1847, 
died Jan. 8, 1853; Joseph, born Sept. 8, 1832, married 
Elizabeth C. Keady Jan. 1, 1856, died Dec. 5, 1877. 

Adam Yates, born March 20, 1805, married Sarah 
Miller Oct. 2, 1834, died Feb. 3, 1865. Sarah Miller, 
born Oct. 10, 1814, died Mar. 20, 1901. Children: Mar- 
gretta, born Nov. 24, 1835, married Hugh A. Henry 
Mar. 19, 1857, died at Omaha, Neb., May 24, 1917; 
Mary Ann, born May 11, 1838, married Alex Mairs 
August 21, 1866, died Aug. 10, 1902, in Ireland; John 
M., born May 11, 1838, served in Co. A., Forty Seventh 
Illinois Infantry, married Anna Barr Oct. 12, 1876, 
died Aug. 16, 1921, at Princeville, Illinois; Amanda, 
born Aug. 15, 1842, married Steen B. Parks Sept. 25, 
1867; Augusta, born Aug. 5, 1842, now living in Pe- 
oria, Illinois; Sarah Jane, born May 27, 1844, mar- 
ried Josiah Jones, Mar. 1872, died ; Thomas 

A., born Apr. 10, 1846, died July 27, 1850; Irwin, born 
Dec. 26, 1850, died Sept. 5, 1851 ; Edwin, born Dec. 



106 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

26, 1850, died Sept. 13, 1851; Adam F. born Dec. 24, 
1852, died Aug. 24, 1853. 

Doctor Thomas Yates, born Dec. 22, 1810, married 
Mary Pursell Sept. 29, 1835, died June 2, 1886, at Dun- 
lap, Illinois. Mary Pursell, born May 9, 1813, died 
July 8, 1877. Children : James P. born Oct. 29, 1836, 
married Susan Black, died Sept. 24, 1915, at Pekin, 111.; 
Thomas J., born Aug, 27, 1838, died Dec, 27, 1847; 
Nancy M., born June 5, 1840, married William Y. 
Hervey Dec. 23, 1857 (he died Dec. 3, 1872); On 
June 22, 1876, she married Aurelius Cockerell ; William 
W., born July 22, 1842, married Carrie Wilson Dec. 
22, 1864, died June 2, 1893, at Narka Kans. ; Mary R., 
born Nov. 2, 1843, married David M. Potts Nov. 1, 
1886, died in March, 1917, in Princeville, 111.; David 
M., born Nov. 8, 1849, married Laura McMillen Jan. 
16, 1873, died Jan. 6, 1888; Arminda P., born Mar. 8, 
1858, married Reed Byers Oct. 17, 1878, and now lives 
at Estherville, Iowa. 

Doctor Thomas Yates was a licensed physician, 
but did not practice after coming west, devoting the 
remainder of his active life to farming. All of the 
family came of staunch Scotch Irish Presbyterian 
stock, and had been reared in an atmosphere of respect 
for law and order, and reverence for religion. They 
took an active part in the organization of the Prospect 
Church, the younger members of the family mostly 
joining in on its support as they arrived at years of 
maturity. 

We owe unstinted praise to all the settlers of these 
early days. With very slight educational opportuni- 
ties, without any of the so-called advantages of our 
time, with implements crude and insufficient in num- 
ber, they made wonderful progress in every way. 

Having served faithfully and well their day and 
generation, they have passed on leaving a goodly heri- 
tage which is ours to use, but not abuse. 



SERVICE RECORDS OF WORLD WAR VETERANS 107 



SERVICE RECORDS OF WORLD WAR 

VETERANS 



Compiled by the following Township Committeemen : 

Akron Raymond Holmes 

Essex • • Roy D. Rakestraw 

Hallock Clyde Murray 

Jubilee • • Frank Schneider 

LaPrairie L. E. Root 

Millbrook. • • George Barrett 

Princeville Mrs. Etta Edwards 

Radnor Julius Kellstadt 

Truro T. R. P. Gough and C. W. German 

Valley • • . . . .James Anderson 

West Jersey F. M. Hazen 

It is no fault of the committee that the following list of 
records is not complete. Some service men failed to till out 
questionnaires ; the Post Office address of others could not be 
obtained. The committee appealed to Adjutant General F. S. 
Dickson, Springfield Illinois, who replied that it would be a mat- 
ter of months before all the records would arrive from Washing- 
ton, and then it would take months to file them ; and also that 
these records would not show the townships in which the men 
lived. Under these circumstances, the committeemen did well 
in securing what they did. Corrections and additions are invited. 

The first date given is that of enrollment. Unless otherwise 
stated, last date is that of discharge. Places not otherwise 
specified are locations while in service. Names of Gold Star 
men are in Capitals. 



AKRON TOWNSHIP 

George Asal, June 26, 1918, at Peoria; Artillery, 106th French 
Motor Btry; 31st Dixie Division; Private. France. Jan. 31, 1919 
at Camp Grant. 

ALBERT BRUNNER, June 28, 1918, at Peoria, Army. Camp 
Mills. N. Y. Died there Oct. 1, 1918. Buried Oct. 14, at Spring- 
dale Cemetery, Peoria. 

James Leo Gallery, June 26, 1918, at Peoria. Infantry Co. C. 
Regiment 121. Private. Camp Wheeler, La.; Le Mans, France. 
July 28, 1919, at Camp Grant. 

Ray P. Gallery, June 24, 1918, at Peoria. Air Service, 56th 
balloon Co. 1st Class private. Kansas City, Mo.; Camp John 
Wise; San Antonio, Tex.; Air Service Depot, Morrison, Va. ; 
Dec. 20, 1918, at Morrison, Va. 



108 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

Joseph James Camp, June 3, 1918, at Peoria. Navy, Seaman. 
Great Lakes; Philadelphia: Base 19, France; Brest, France; U. 
S. S. Stephan. Nov. 3, 1919, at League Island, Pa. 

Emmett Michael Gushing, Sept. 4, 1918 at Peoria. Inf. B. 
12th Battalion, 161st depot brigade. Private. Camp Grant; 
Camp McArthur. Jan. 2, 1919 at Camp Grant. 

William L. Friedman, June 25, 1918, at Paris Island, S. C. 
Served as drill instructor in various companies. Corporal. 
Paris Island, S. C. ; Quantico, Va. Aug. 28, 1919, at Quantico. 
Va. 

William Henry Hammer, June 24, 1918, at Peoria. Air Ser- 
vice, 55th Balloon. Private. Kansas City, Mo.; San Antonio, 
Tex.; Morrison, Va. Dec. 24, 1918 at Morrison, Va. 

Albert Frederick Herrmann, June 26, 1918, at Peoria. Army, 
Remount Wagon Train, Private. Centuar, Ga. March 26, 1919 
at Centuar, Ga. 

Raymond Lee Holmes, Dec. 12, 1917, at Great Lakes. Navy, 
Seaman. Great Lakes ; U. S. S. Carola ; Naval Air Station ; 
Guipavas, France; U. S. S. Smeaton; U. S. S. Nerens. Sept. 22, 
1919 at Great Lakes. 

Floyd James Jackson, June 1, 1917, at Peoria. Army Co. G., 
33rd Div. Farrier. Peoria; Camp Logan, N. Y. ; Fronts: Somme, 
Meuse, Argonne, Verdun, Troyon ; Army of Occ. June 5, 1919 
at Camp Grant. 

LESLIE ALYSIUS McDERMOTT, June 27, 1918, at Peoria. 
Army, Co. I, Reg. 123. Private. Camp Wheeler, Macon, Ga. 
Died in service July 30, 1918. Buried at Princeville. 

JOHN PATRICK McDONNA, June 27, 1918, at Peoria. 
Army, 106 Division Engineers. Private. Camp Wheeler, Ga. 
Died in service Oct 3, 1918 at Glasgow, Scotland. Buried 
at Princeville, Oct. 16, 1920. 

Harry M. Pierce, Sept. 18, 1917, at Peoria. Army, Co. A., 
129th Inf. 33rd Division A. E. F. Private. Camp Logan ; Camp 
Dodge; Verdun and Meuse Sectors. Feb. 21, 1919 at Camp 
Grant. 

Francis Wilbur Riel, Sept. 18, 1917 at Peoria. Co. G., 345th 
Infantry. Corporal. Camp Dodge; Camp Pike; Camp Grant; 
Camp Dix; France. Feb. 4, 1919 at Camp Grant. 

Edwin F. Rice, Sept. 18, 1917, at Peoria. Infantry. Machine 
Gun. 130th Regiment. 1st Class Private. United States; 
France; Luxemberg. May 30, 1919 at Camp Grant. 

Leland J. Sloan, Sept. 19, 1917, at Peoria. Headquarters Co., 
129th Inf. 1st Class Private. British front, Verdun, St. Mihiel, 
Meuse, Argonne; with Australian, Canadian and French com- 
mands as well as British, at different times. June 6, 1919, at 
Camp Grant. 



SERVICE RECORDS OF WORLD WAR VETERANS 109 

Miss B. Mae Strietmatter, May 16, 1917, at Chicago. U. S. 
Army Nursing Corps Unit 12. Nurse. Camiers, France. July 9, 
1919 at New York. 

Pierce Streitmatter, Sept. 16, 1917, at Peoria. Army, Private. 
Supply Company, 349th Infantry. Camp Dodge, Iowa. Dec. 7, 
1917 at Camp Dodge. 

Vaughn Williams, Sept. 19, 1917 at Peoria. Army Panther 
Division 36, Medical. Camp Bowie, Tex.; Ft. Worth, Tex. Oct. 
19, 1918 at Fort Worth. 

ESSEX TOWNSHIP 

Elting Argenbright Jr., Oct. 5, 1917 at Iowa City, Iowa. S. A. 
T. C. Company E. Private. Dec. 17, 1917 at Iowa City. 

Ernest Argenbright, April 28, 1918. at Toulon. Inf. Head- 
quarters Co. 351st Reg. Sergeant. Camp Dodge. March 24, 
1919 at Camp Dodge. 

Ralph Buskirk, July 14, 1917 at Springfield. Inf. Co. K. 6th 
111. Private. Springfield; St. Louis; Camp Logan; In France 
at St. Mihiel and Argonne. June 9, 1919, at Camp Grant. 

Miles G. Colwell, Sept. 7, 1918, at Toulon. Private. Inf. Co. 
B., 5th Provisional Training. Camp Grant; Toulon. Feb. 21, 
1919 at Camp Grant. 

Orville L. Colwell, June 26, 1918 at Toulon. Field Artillery, 
Co. F. 311 Ammunition Train. Private. Camp Grant; Camp 
Mills ; Bordeaux, France. Feb. 9, 1919 at Camp Grant. 

Wm. David Crone, July 30, 1918 at Camp Grant. Medical 
Dept. 5th Co. 161 Depot Brigade 36th Medical replacement unit. 
Base Hospital Nos. 8, 69 and 113. Private. Camp Grant; Camp 
Merritt and Hoboken ; St. Nazaire and Savenoy, France. Aug. 
5, 1919 at Camp Grant. 

Charles S. Geary, April 3. 1918 at Toulon. Co. E. 64th 
Artillery, Wagoner, New Orleans, La.; Andard, France. April 
3, 1919 at Camp Grant. 

Wm. Goodale, Sept. 17, 1918 at Toulon. Private. Co. C. 315 
Engineers. Inf. and Eng. Corps. Camp Dodge ; various places in 
France. Dec. 11, 1919 at Camp Grant. 

Rudolph F. Graf, Dec. 18, 1917 at Peoria. Inf. Co. L, 327 
Reg. Corporal. Camp Dodge; Camp Gordon; France. June 7, 
1919 at Camp Grant. 

Milo E. Graves, June 6, 1917 at Peoria. Navy Commissary 
Division. 1st class baker. Great Lakes; Philadelphia; England; 
Pelham Bay Park and Bay Ridge, N. Y. June 6, 1919 at Great 
Lakes. 

John G. Henson, M. D., Aug. 1, 1917 at Chicago. Medical 
Reserve Corps. Bw. 2. 55 C. A. C. M. R. C. 1st. Lt. Boston; 
Ft. Oglethorpe ; England ; France. March 8, 1919 at Camp Grant. 



no HISTORY AXD REMINISCENCES 

David Lee Humphrey, June 12, 1917 at Peoria. Motor Trans- 
port Corps. Provisional M. T. C. Sergeant. Camp Funston, 
Kansas. May 15, 1919 at Camp Funston. 

William Ernest Irwin. Dec. 12, 1917 at Peoria. Navy. Cox- 
swain U. S. S. Pueblo; Bay Ridge, N. Y. ; Pelham Bay, N. Y. 
U. S. S. Vestel. Aug. 23, 1919 at Great Lakes. 

Alva W. Kerns, June 3, 1917 at Peoria. Motor Transport 
Corps Co. C attached to 78th division. Sergeant. Jefferson 
Barracks; Ft. Riley; Camp Dodge; St. Mihiel and Argonne 
Fronts in France. July 8, 1919 at Camp Grant. 

Hobart G. Kilgore, May 23, 1918 at Toulon. Co. E. 37th 
Infantry. Private. Ft. Mcintosh; Laredo, Tex. Mar. 8, 1919 
at Ft. Mcintosh. 

James T. McDonald, April 2, 1918 at Toulon. 75th Railroad 
Artillery. Private. Jackson Barracks, New Orleans ; Brest, 
France. April 1, 1919 at Camp Grant. 

John D. McDonald, May 25, 1918 at Toulon. Co. D. 330th 
Inf. 1st Class Private. Camp Gordon, Ga. ; Hoboken, N. J. 
England; France. Oct. 21, 1919, at Camp Dix. 

Owen ]\IcGarvey, Nov. 17, 1917 at Salt Lake City. U. S. 
Navy. Seaman U. S. S. Ryndam. Transport Service. Aug. 23, 
1919 at Great Lakes. 

Thomas Daniel McGarvey, July 25, 1917 at Peoria. Infantry. 
Co. C. 46th Reg. Private. Ft. Benj. Harrison; Camp Taylor; 
Camp Gordon; Camp Sheridan. Feb. 11, 1919 at New Orleans! 

Hallie E. Meeker, June 25, 1918 at Toulon. Infantry. Co. E., 
2nd Battalion. Private. Camp Grant; Camp McArthur. Jan. 
15, 1919 at Camp Grant. 

Wm. J. Nichols. May 23, 1918 at Toulon. Co. F. 64th Heavy 
Artillery, 16th Division. Corporal. Jefferson Barracks; Douglas, 
Ariz; San Diego, Calif. Dec. 28, 1918 at Camp Grant. 

Albert H. Ogburn, Jan. 2. 1918 at Peoria. Navy. U. S. 
Naval Base 17-18 U. S. S. Patuxtent; U. S. R. S., Portsmouth, 
N. H. Seaman. Great Lakes; U. S. Mine Base 17-18; Scotland; 
U. S. Mine Sweeper Patuxtent; North Sea. Aug. 15, 1919 at 
Norfolk, Va. 

Ralph J. Peve, May 23. 1918 at Toulon. Troop C, 302nd 
Cavalry; and Battery C, 48th Heavy Field Artillery. Private. 
Jefferson Barracks ; Camp Harry J. Jones, Douglas, Ariz. ; Camp 
Kearney, Calif. Jan. 7, 1919 at Camp Grant. 

Roy D. Rakestraw, June 8, 1917 at Peoria. Quartermaster 
Corps. Det. 100, Q. M. C. 2nd Lt. Ft Benj. Harrison and 
Chicago. Dec 12, 1918 at Chicago. 

Clarence Rosecrans, June 25, 1918 at Toulon. Mounted 
Machine Gun. Co. K., Training Battalion. Private. Camp 
Grant, 111., and Camp Hancock, Ga. March 1, 1919 at Camp 
Grant. 



SERVICE RECORDS OF WORLD WAR VETERANS 111 

Ross William Snare, Jan. 2, 1918 at Peoria. Navy. U. S. 
Naval Base 17-18. U. S. S. Patuxtent ; U S R S Portsmouth, 
N. H. Seaman. Great Lakes; U. S. Mine Base 17-18 Scotland; 
U. S. Mine Sweeper Patuxtent, North Sea. Dec. 6. 1919 at Ports- 
mouth, N. H. 

John Traphagan, May 28, 1918 at Toulon. Co. L, 28th Inf. 
Private. Camp Gordon ; St. Mihiel and Argonne in France. 
April 1, 1919 at Camp Grant. 

Clifford H. Turner, June 26, 1918 at Camp Grant. Artillery, 
Co. F. 311th Am. Tr. Private. Camp Grant; Milles Winchester, 
England ; Le Havre, France. Feb. 21, 1919, at Camp Grant. 

John T. Wead, Sept. 18, 1917 at Toulon. 338 Machine Gun 
Battalion. Sergeant. After three months, transferred to Medical 
Corps. Camp Dodge ; New Haven, Conn. ; West Baden, Ind. ; 
Washington, D. C. Aug. 1, 1919 at Washington. 

Horace Palmer White, April 16, 1917 at Peoria. Co. H. 5th 111. 
Inf.; Hospital Corps A. 123rd Machine Gun Battalion; Intel. 
Dept. Sergeant. Peoria ; Quincy, 111. ; Houston Texas ; France. 
Aug. 28, 1919 at Camp Grant. 

Wm. G. W^ood. May 21. 1918 at Peoria. Light Field Artillery, 
Co. C. 4th Artillery Corps. Corporal. Jefferson Barracks ; Camp 
Jackson, S. C. ; Camp Wasworth, S. C. ; St. Mihiel Sector, France. 
May 12, 1919 at Camp Grant. 

Alphaeus O. Young, May 2, 1914 at Peoria. Troop G., 11th 
U. S. Cavalry. Sergeant. Ft. Oglethorpe. Ga. March 25, 1919 
at San Diego, Calif. 

HALLOCK TOWNSHIP 

Francis W. Burns, June 23. 1918 at Peoria. Machine Gun 
Corps, Co. A. 132 M. G. Battalion. Private. Sweney Training 
Det. Kansas City, Mo. ; Camp Sherman, O. : France. June 13, 
1919 at Camp Grant. 

Lewis Gullet, 

Charles J. Hessling, April 29. 1918 at Peoria. Co. D. 360th 
Infantry, 90th Div. 1st Class private. A. E. F. France. June 14, 
1919 at Camp Grant. 

Thomas R. Jackson, Feb. 7, 1918 at Camp Dodge. Machine 
Gun Corps, Co. B. 57th M. G. Battalion 14th Div. 2nd Lt. Camp 
Dodge. Furloughed to Reserve Corps Dec. 19, 1918 at Camp 
Dodge. 

William H. Johnson, Oct. 15, 1918 at Peoria. Infantry. School 
of Mechanics, Private. Camp Bradley, Peoria. Dec. 15, 1918 at 
Camp Bradley. 

John C. Murray, June 16, 1917 at Chicago. Signal Corps, Co. 

B. 311th Field Signal Battalion. 86th Div. Private, 1st class. 
Camp Grant ; A. E. F. France. Feb, 9, 1919 at Camp Grant. 



112 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

Wm. Russell Peck, June 28, 1917 at Chicago. Signal Corps. 
Co. C. 310th Field Signal Battalion 85th Div. Corporal. Camp 
Custer, Battle Creek, Mich.; A. E. F. France; Army of Occupa- 
tion, Germany. June 24, 1919 at Camp Grant. 

George Prentiss Jr., Aug 15, 1918 at Lewis Training Det., 
Chicago. Medical Corps. Evac. Ambulance Co. 67, Wagoner. 
Chicago ; Camp Crane, Mass. ; A. E. F. France. July 18, 1919 at 
Camp Grant. 

Fred E. Presho, May 24, 1918 at Peoria. Co. E., 149th Infan- 
try, 38th Div. Private. Camp Shelby, Miss.; A. E. F. France. 
Feb. 28, 1919 at Camp Grant. 

Chas. E. Reed, June 26, 1918 at Peoria. Co. L. 122nd Infantry. 
Private. Camp Wheeler, Macon, Ga. ; Dec. 4, 1918 at Camp 
Wheeler. 

Nathaniel Reed, May 31, 1918 at Peoria. Co. B. 46th Infantry. 
Private. Camp Sheridan, Ala. Feb. 3, 1919 at Camp Taylor, Ky. 

Everette E. Roll, June 23, 1918, at Peoria. Signal Corps, 
57th Balloon Co. Private. Sweney Training Det. Kansas City, 
Mo.; Camp John Wise; San Antonio, Tex.; Camp Morrison, Va. 
Dec. 23, 1918 at Camp Morrison. 

Warren Stowell. 

David R. Streitmatter, Sept. 18, 1917 at Peoria. Co. M. 35()th 
Infantry, 88th Div. Corporal. Camp Dodge, Iowa; A. E. F. 
France; Belfort Sector; Toul Sector; Gondrecourt Area. June 
6, 1919 at Camp Dodge. 

Boyd E. Webber, June 12, 1917 at Chicago. Signal Corps. Co. 
B., 311th Field Signal Battalion, 86th Div. Sgt. 1st class. Camp 
Grant ; Camp S. F. B. Morse, Leon Springs, Tex. ; A. E. F. 
France. Feb. 9, 1919 at Camp Grant. 

Floyd Edward Weidman, June 23, 1918 at Peoria. Air Ser- 
vice. Sec. 1, Sub. Sec. B. Hqtrs. A. S. M. S. Kelley Field. 
Private. N. A. T. D. Kansas City Mo. ; Kelley Field No. 1, San 
Antonio, Tex. Feb. 10, 1919 at Camp Grant. 

Gerald Leo Wenker, July 19, 1917 at Peoria. Co. K. 36th 
Infantry. Sergeant. Ft. Snelling, Minn. ; Camp Devens, Mass. : 
Camp Lee, Va, Nov. 23, 1918 at Camp Lee. 

JUBILEE TOWNSHIP 

Ellis Marion Beall, June 25, 1918 at Peoria. Navy. Second 
Class Seaman. U. S. S. Wyoming in Foreign Waters. Dec. 27, 

1918 on U. S. S. Wyoming in Hudson River, N. Y. 

Arthur Cooling, June 26, 1918 at Peoria. Infantry Co. B., 
325 Reg.; also Co. G., 121st Reg. Private. Camp Wheeler; 
served in A. E F. from Oct. 5, 1918 until May 9, 1919. May 21, 

1919 at Camp Grant. 

Edward C. Fussner, Sept. 18, 1917 at Peoria. Co. G. 129th 
Infantry. Private. Meuse-Argonne offensive, Sept. 26 to Nov. 11, 
1918; Somme, Amiens, and Albert, July 26 to Aug. 20, 1918; 
Verdun Sector, Sept. 7 to 26, 1918; Army of Occupation, Dec. 7, 
1918 to April 12, 1919. June 6, 1919 at Camp Grant. 



SERVICE RECORDS OF WORLD WAR VETERANS lU 

Arthur E. Johnson, May 24, 1918 at Peoria. Co I 163rd 
Infantry Private. Camp Shelby, Miss.; France. March 7 1919 
at Camp Grant. ' 

Florian Klingert, Sept. 18, 1917 at Peoria. Co A 129th 
Iiifantry. Private. Houston, Tex. March 5, 1919 at Camo 
Grant. 

Charles R. Mankle, Sept. 18, 1917 at Peoria. Co. D 345th 
Infantry. Sergeant. Camp Pike. Ark.; Camp Dix X Y • 
Lagaund, France. Jan. 31, 1919 at Camp Grant. 

Herbert Lloyd Miller, Dec. 11, 1917 at Peoria. Navy Sea- 
man. Great Lakes; City Park Barracks. N. Y. City; U S S 
Columbia. Dec. 13, 1918 while on U. S. S. Columbia at New 
York City. 

Frank Schneider, June 26, 1918 at Peoria. Cook. Camp 
Wheeler, Macon, Ga. Dec. 18, 1918 at Camp Wheeler. 

Frank M. Smith, July 30. 1918 at Peoria. Motor Transport 
Corps. Headquarters Detachment. Corporal. New Cumber- 
land. Pa. May 1, 1919, at New Cumberland, Pa. 

Albert F. Wys, June 26, 1918 at Peoria. Co. D. 143rd Infantry, 
36 Division. 1st Class Private. Camp Wheeler, Ga., and in 
France. June 10, 1919 at Camp Grant. 

LA PRAIRIE TOWNSHIP 

Jesse Brown. Sept. 5, 1918 at Camp Grant. Machine Gun 
Corps. Co. 20. Group 2 M. G. T. C. Camp Hancock, Augusta, Ga. 
Feb. 6, 1919 at Camp Grant. 

Roscoe Bumpus 

Richard Calder 

Robert T. Calder, Aug 14, 1918 at Lacon. 1st Class Private. 
U. S. A. A. S. No. 522. Chicago; Camp Mills; AUentown, Pa.; 
France; Germany. July 17, 1919 at Camp Grant. 

Edward Calder 

Richard D. Green, Aug 1, 1918 at Lacon. Q. M. C. 343rd Fire 
and Guard Co. Private, 1st Class. Army Reserve Depot, Colum- 
bus, O. April 22, 1919 at Camp Grant. 

R. P. Greene 

James Burt Herridge, June 26, 1918 at Lacon. Co. K. 341st 
Inf. Private, 1st class. Camp Grant; with A. E. F. ; last as- 
signed Presidental Honor Guard. April 5, 1919 at Camp Grant. 

Robert King 

Dr. Harry Leigh. 

Lester E. Leigh, Oct. 18, 1918 at Champaign, 111. Co. 10. S. 
A. T. C. U. of 111., Champaign. Dec. 21, 1918 at Urbana. 

John A. Malone, Sept. 5, 1918 at Lacon. Utilities Dept Con- 
struction, Division Q. M. C. Private. Camp Grant. April 24, 
1919 at Camp Grant. 



114 HISTORY AND REMINISCENXES 

Clifford S. Manock. Oct. 15. 1918 at Lacon. Sec. B., S. A. T. 
C. Co. 1. Private. Bradley Polytechnic Inst., Peoria. Dec. 7, 

1918 at Peoria. 

Clifford Thomas Marshall, March 11, 1918 at Lacon. Bat. H. 
54th Coast Artillery. Corporal. New Orleans; Augers, 
Angouleme, and Brest in France. March 21, 1919 at Camp Grant. 

Earl Moody. April 30, 1918 at Camp Grant. Co. H. 2nd Bat. 
365ih Inf. 92nd Div. 1st Class Private. France. March 19, 

1919 at Camp Grant. 

Stacy S. Myers, June 26, 1918 at Lacon. Co. B. 317th Infan- 
try 80th Div. Private. Camp Grant; Camp Mills; Cherbourgh, 
Meuse. Argonne, Le Mans, Brest, in France; Camp Stuart, Va.; 
Camp Lee, Va. June 19, 1919 at Camp Grant. 

Hal Predmore, April 3, 1918 at Lacon. Bat. E., 68th Coast 
Artillery Corps. Private. Ft. H. S. Wright; Areyrs. France. 
Feb. 20, 1919 at Camp Grant. 

Jerry Predmore, April 3. 1918 at Lacon. Supply Co. 68th 
Coast Artillery Corps. 1st Class Private. Ft. H. S. Wright, N. 
Y. ; Do Main De Barre, France. March 7, 1919 at Camp Grant. 

Thomas Prichard, Sept. 18. 1917 at Lacon. 130th Regiment. 
Machine Gun. Private. Camp Logan, Tex. ; in France. May 30, 
1919 at Camp Grant. 

Alfred Monroe Ross. July 15, 1918 at Lacon. Co. H. 4th U. S. 
Infantry. Private. Saffig, Germany. Sept. 2, 1919 at Camp 
Grant. 

Harry Russell, June 26, 1918 at Lacon. 19th Infantry. Private. 
Camp Grant. June 28. 1919 at Camp Grant. 

Wm. A. Smith 

ANDREW TURXBULL. died in service. 

John L. Turnbull , Feb. 28. 1918 at Lacon. 427th Telegraph 
Battalion Signal Corps. 1st Class Sergeant. Ft. Leavenworth; 
Camp Meade, Md. Jan. 24, 1919 at Camp Meade. 

Ora Upton. 

MILLBROOK TOWNSHIP 

Geo. B. Barrett, June 1. 1917. at Peoria. Navy. Fireman, Ist 
Class. Norfolk, Va. ; Charleston. S. C. ; U. S. Collier Proteus; 
S. S. Glacier; S. S. South Dakota. Sept. 11, 1919 at Great 
Lakes. 

Cecil G. Bridson, May 31, 1918, at Peoria. Army. Supply Co., 
46th Infantry. Wagoner. Camp Sheridan, Ala. Feb. 11, 1919 
at Camp Grant. 

Mark L. Emery, lune 25, 1918 at Peoria. Army. Camp 
Wheeler, Ga. ; Camp 'llalabird, Md. April 5, 1919 at Camp 
Grant. 



SERVICE RECORDS OF WORLD WAR VETERANS 115 

T. Winsor Jones, Dec. 10, 1917 at Peoria. Navy. Great 
Lakes ; Hampton Roads ; Base 18 in Scotland ; U. S. S. Olympia : 
U. S. S. Stiibling. Aug. 19. 1919 at Great Lakes. 

Jesse Kirtley. June 26. 1918 at Peoria. Army. Co. 4 Develop- 
ment Battalion. Private. Camp Wheeler, Macon, Ga. Dec. 6, 
1918 at IMacon. 

Raymond L. McKown. June 14, 1917 at Peoria. Navy. Car- 
penters Mate, 2nd Class. Great Lakes ; U. S. S. Recruit in N. Y. ; 
U S. S. Bridgeport. Nov. 15, 1919 at Brooklyn Navy Yards, 

n! y. 

Thomas Miller, May 14, 1918 at Peoria. Co. E. 152 Infantry.. 
Private. Camp Shelby, Hattiesburg, Miss. Oct. 9, 1918 at Camp 
Shelby. 

Steve A. Sutton, June 3, 1918 at Galesburg. Navy, Seaman. 
Great Lakes- Philadelphia Navy Yards; Naval Base at Brest. 
France. June 6, 1919 at Hoboken, N. J. 

Everett Yelm, May 31, 1918 at Peoria. Army 1st Class 
Private Ft Thomas, Ky. ; Camp Sheridan, Ala.; Camp Bragg. 
N. C; Port Terminal, S. C. Aug. 8. 1918 at Charleston, S. C. 

PRINCEVILLE TOWNSHIP 

Wilbert James Baker. Oct. 18, 1918 at Urbana, 111. Co. 2. 
S A T C Univ. of 111. Private. Dec. 21, 1918 at Urbana. 

Philip G. Berry, May 29, 1918 at Camp Shelby. Co. C. 151st 
Infantry; Co. H. 141st Infantry. 1st Private. Hattiesburg, 
Miss; France. June 17, 1919 at Camp Grant. 

RAY BISHOP, June 26, 1918 at Peoria. Co. M. 121st Infan- 
try 33rd Division. 1st class Private. Camp Wheeler, Macon, Ga. 
Died Oct. 16, 1918 just before landing at Brest France. 

Joseph A. Camp, June 28. 1918 at Camp Wheeler, Ga. Machine 
Gunner, Machine Gun Co. 124th Infantry, 31st division. Private. 
Camp Wheeler, Ga. ; Camp Mills, L. I.; Brest, France; Oisc, 
France. Feb. 12, 1919 at Camp Grant. 

Carl H. Cheesman, Oct. 1, 1918 at Peoria. Co. I, Sec. A. S A 
T C. Private. Bradley Polytechnic Inst, at Peoria. Dec. 13, 191» 
at Peoria. 

Edward L. Coolidge, Sept. 15. 1918 at Urbana Fifth Co.. 
first Reg. S A T C. Private. Urbana. Dec. 21. 1918 at Urbana. 

LeRoy Henry Dailey, June 12. 1918 at Paris Island, S C. 
97th Co. 6th Reg. Marine Corps Infantry. Private, 1st Llass. 
Paris Island; St. Mihiel; Argonne and Champagne in 1^ ranee. 
Aug. 20, 1919 at Marine Barracks, Portsmouth, N. H. 

Miss Ellen Claire Edwards. Oct. 1919 at Peoria. Yeowoman, 
W S N R F. Washington, D. C. Feb. 1920 at Washington. 



116 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

Oliver Dehvin Edwards. April 27, 1917 at Peoria. U. S. Navy, 
Yeoman. 3rd Class. Great Lakes ; Norfolk ; Washington ; Miami, 
Fla. Oct. 4. 1918 at Washington. 

Roscoe C. Emery, May 17, 1917 at Peoria. Co. H. 5th 111. 
Infantry. Sergeant. Peoria; Camp Logan, Houston, Tex. June 
28, 1919 at Camp Grant. 

Emmett E. Fast, applied for entrance to F. A. C. O. T. S. 
July 30. 1918. Enrolled F. A. C. O. T. S. Camp Taylor, Sept. 2, 
1918. Field Artillery, Ninth Training Battery. Nov. 30, 1918 at 
Camp Taylor. 

Leigh Arnold Fast, July 21, 1918 at Peoria. Aviation. Co. P. 
15th Reg. Mechanics Mate. Great Lakes. Dec. 22, 1918 at Great 

L3.KCS 

Charles A. Frame, May 21, 1917 at Peoria. Infantry. Co. B , 
108 M. P. Corporal. Illinois; Texas; France. June 19, 1919 at 
Mitchell Field, L. I. 

Charles Albert Fritz, June 26, 1918 at Peoria. Co. A 124th 
Inf.; Co. C, 12th Inf. Private. Camp Wheeler; Camp Mills; 
Camp Merritt; Army Supply Base. Norfolk, Va. March 1919 at 
Camp Grant. 

William J. Gelling, :May 30, 1918 at Ft. Thomas, Ky. Co. B. 
46th U. S. Infantry. Private, 1st Class. Ft. Thomas; Camp 
Sheridan ; Montgomery, Ala. ; Camp Bragg, N. C. ; Port Ter- 
minal, Charleston, S. C. July 16, 1919 at Port Terminal. 

Claude L. Hammer, June 19, 1918 at Vancouver, Wash. 
Aviation, 96th Spruce Squadron, 3rd provisional regiment. 
Private. Vancouver, Joyce, and Port Angeles, Wash. ; New 
Port. Ore. Jan. 24, 1919 at Camp Grant. 

William Henry Hammer Jr., June 24, 1918 at Peoria. Air 
Service. 55th Balloon Co. Private. Kansas City; San Antonio; 
Newport News. Dec. 24, 1918 at New Port News. 

Leo P. Hill, June 19, 1916 at Peoria, Cavalry and Artillery. 
1st Class Private. Troop G., 1st 111. Cav. 1916-1917; Bat. C. 
124th Field Artiller 1917-1919. Brownsville, Tex. July 1-Nov. 15, 
1916; Camp Logan, Houston, Tex. 1917-1918; St. Mihiel Sept. 
12-15, 1918; Meuse. Argonne, Sept. 26-Nov. 11, 1918; Army of 
Occupation, Luxemberg Jan. 7-May 27, 1919. June 8, 1919 at 
Camp Grant. 

W. Paul Hill, June 5, 1918 at Peoria. Navy. Fireman, 2nd 
Class. Great Lakes; Norfolk; U. S. S. Illinois; Philadelphia; 
U. S. S. Gold Shell; U. S. S. Moccasin; U. S. S. Imperator. 
Nov. 25, 1919 on U. S. S. Imperator. 

Harry D. Hinman, June 8, 1917 at Paris Island, S. C. U. S. 
Marine Corps. Headquarters Co., 10th Regiment. Corporal 
(Musician) Paris Island, S. C. ; Quantico, Va. ; Indian Head, Md. 
March 28. 1919 at Quantico. 

Fred M. Jackson, Oct. 1, 1918 at Peoria. S A T C. Private. 
Peoria. Dec. 13, 1918 at Peoria. 

Ormal Leo Ladd. See West Jersey Township list. 



SERVICE RECORDS OF WORLD WAR VETERANS 117 

Howard Eugene Larson, June 30, 1917 at Peoria. Navy 
Seaman. In convoy and troop ship service. May 24, 1919 at 
Great Lakes, 

W. M. Loy, May 24. 1918 at Peoria. Field Artillery, 3rd 
Regiment Replacement depot. 2nd Lt. F. A. Camp Shelby, 
Hattiesburg, Miss. : Camp Taylor, Louisville, Ky. ; Camp Jackson, 
Columbia, S. C. Dec. 11, 1918 at Camp Jackson. 

Frederick Thomas Mason, May 16, 1916 at Peoria. Troop G. 
1st 111. Cavalry; Bat. C. 124th Artillery Sergeant; Saddler. 
Brownsville, Texas July-November, 1916; Camp Logan, Hous- 
ton, Tex. July 1917-May 1918; St. Mihiel Sept. 12-15. 1918; 
Meuse, Argonne, Sept. 26-Nov. 11, 1918; Army of occupation 
in Luxemberg January-May 1919. June 8, 1919 at Camp Grant. 

Howard Y. McWane, June 5, 1918 at Paris Island, S. C. 
Marine Corps, 135th. Private. Portsmouth, N. H. ; Guantanama, 
Cuba. Sept. 20, 1919 at Philadelphia. 

Everett F. Megan, June 10, 1918 at Paris Island, S. C. U. S. 
Marine Corps, Co. 86, Reg. 7th. Private. Paris Island and 
Cuba. June 30, 1919 at Charleston, S. C. 

EDWARD J. MILLER, Enrolled at Urbana, Illinois, in 
medical corps, S. A. T. C. Champaign. Died Oct. 15, 1918 at 
Urbana. 

LEO C. MILLER, Sept. 15, 1918 at Ft. Oglethorpe, Ga. 
Medical Corps. 1st. Lt. Newport News, Va. Died Dec. 14, 
1918 at Champaign, 111. 

Richard P. Miller, June 5, 1917 at Peoria. 135th Co. Trans. 
Corps 69th Engineers. Private. Camp Dix; France; Italy; 
Belgium ; Germany. Oct. 10, 1919 at Camp Dix. 

Matthew C. Murphy, June 26, 1918 at Peoria. Mail Service. 
A. P. O, 762 Mail Detachment. Sergeant. Le Mans, France. 
June 25, 1919 at Camp Grant. 

H. R. Murray, Sept. 19, 1917 at Eureka, 111. Co. Hdq. 131st 
regiment. Infantry. Sergeant. Illinois; Iowa; Texas; France; 
Germany, Luxemberg; Belgium. June 6, 1919 at Camp Grant. 

Leland Hubert McMillen, March 22. 1918 at Chicago. Navy. 
Submarine chaser No. 4. Quartermaster, 1st class. Submarine 
patrol. Gulf of Mexico. July 5, 1919 at Great Lakes. 

Lewis L. Potts, April 11, 1917 at Peoria. Navy. Painter, 
1st class. New York City. July 22, 1920 at Bay Ridge, N. Y. 

Paul F. Rose, Jan. 19, 1916 at Bozeman, Mont. Navy. U. 
S. S. Destroyer No. 150. Chief Water Tender— Enroute U. S. 
and Brest, France. Nov. 22, 1919 at Pensacola, Fla. 

Frederick M. Schaad, Sept. 30, 1918 at Peoria, S. A. T. C, 
Co. 1, Sec. A. Private. Camp Bradley, Peoria. Dec. 13, 1918 
at Camp Bradley. 

Merle E. Schaad, July 1, 1918 at Peoria. Navy. Gunners 
Mate, 3rd C. Great Lakes; Philadelphia Navy Yard; Brest 



118 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

Air Station, France. Pelham Bay, X. Y. Feb. 4, 1919 at 
Pelham Bay. 

Kenneth Henry Sheeler, May 22. 1918 at Peoria. Infantry, 
17th Company. C. O. T. S., 2nd Lt. Camp Gordon. Ga. Nov. 
30, 1918 at Camp Gordon. 

Mark Shull. May 26, 1917 at Peoria. Infantry. Co. B. 
Div Camp Grant. Dec. 18. 1918 at Camp Grant. 

Milton B. Smith. June 10, 1918 at Paris Island, S. C. Marine 
Corps. 31st Co. 4th Reg. Private. Dom. Republic. Aug. 27, 
1919 at Charleston, S. C. 

Benjamin L. Snyder, Dec. 19, 1917 at Peoria. Motor Trans- 
port Corps. Service Park Unit 346. 88th Division. 1st class 
Sergeant. Camp Dudge. June 2. 1919 at Camp Dodge. 

George Alvin Sturm, April 2, 1918 at Fort Dupont. Del. 
C. Artillery, Co. 8th. Hdq. Brigade. Mechanic. Ft. Dupont ; 
Ft, Delaware; Camp Merritt ; Camp Mills; Ft. Totten ; France. 
May 1, 1919 at Camp Grant. 

Glen W. Tonkin, Sept. 18, 1917 at Peoria. Co. F. Z2\ Inf. 
Corporal. Camp Dodge, Iowa ; Camp Gordon. Ga. ; Camp Upton, 
N. Y. ; Overseas with A. E. F. May Zl. 1919 at Camp Grant. 

Charles E. Tracy, May 31, 1918 at Peoria. 127th Co. 7th Reg. 
Marine Corps. Private. Cuba. Sept. 6, 1919 at Philadelphia 
Navy Yard. 

Harlan C. Wilcox, March 22. 1918 at Chicago. Regular 
Navv. Electrician, 2nd class. (Radio.) U. S. S. Elliot. July 
26, l'919 at Great Lakes. 

David Wallace Yates, May 18, 1917 at Chicago. Engineers. 
Co. B., 13th Reg. Private, 1st class. Verdun: St. Mihiel; Ar- 
gonne; Champagne. May 14, 1919 at Camp Grant. 

RADNOR TOWNSHIP. 

Samuel Edmund Ashbaugh, June 26. 1918 at Peoria. Medical 
branch. 124th Ambulance. 106th Sanitary Train. Private. 
Camp Wheeler, and with A. E. F. July 30, 1919 at Camp 
Grant. 

Howard Wilson Felton, Feb. 16, 1918 at Portland, Ore. U. S. 
Marine Corps. 149th Co., 8th Reg. Private. Mare Island, 
Calif.; Quantico, Va. ; Norfolk, Va. ; St. Croix, V. I.; Charleston, 
S. C. June 10, 1919 at Charteston. 

John Oliver Felton, July 3, 1918 at Peoria. Co. I, 33rd In- 
fantry. Private, 1st class. Camp Gaillard, Canal Zone. Oct. 1, 
1919 at Camp Dix, N. J. 

Thomas Fox, Sept 4, 1918 at Peoria. Q. M. C. Private. 
Camp Grant. March 27, 1919 at Camp Grant. 

Rollie N. Hammel. June 26, 1918 at Peoria. Medical. Private 
Camp Wheeler; Le Mans, France. July 25, 1919 at Camp Grant. 



SERVICE RECORDS OF WORLD WAR VETERANS 119 

Ensley Harlan, May 31, 1918 at Peoria. Co. B. 46th Infan- 
try. Also Mail Detachment 9th Div. Private. Camp Sheridan, 
Ala. Feb. 14, 1919 at Camp Sheridan. 

Walter T. Hauser, June 26, 1918 at Peoria. Co. C. 4th In- 
fantry. Private. France and Germany. April 19, 1919 at Camp 
Grant. 

Edward Jacobson, Sept. 4, 1918 at Peoria. Salvage Div. Q. 
M. C. Co. 3, 161st' depot brigade. Private. Camp Grant. Jan. 
28, 1919 at Camp Grant. 

Elliott Raymond Kellar, Nov. 21, 1917 at Peoria. Navy. Co. 
I, 7th Reg. 2nd class electrician (Radio). Great Lakes; Bos- 
ton Radio School ; Naval Submarine Base, New London, Conn. ; 
U. S. S. D-1 Submarine, New London Sub base. Released from 
active duty Aug. 4, 1919, discharge due Nov. 21st, 1921 at St. 
Louis, Mo. 

Julius P. Kellstadt, June 26. 1918 at Peoria. Co. C. 111th 
Infantry. Private. Camp Wheeler and in France. May 9, 1919 
at Camp Grant. 

Newell H. Livingston, Sept. 4, 1918 at Peoria. Machine Gun 
School. Co. L. M. T. D. Corporal. Camp Hancock, Ga. 
March 27, 1919 at Camp Hancock. 

Arthur Wiley McEwen, March 22, 1918 at Peoria. U. S. Navy 
(Regular) Brigade Hdqts. Division. Electrician (General) 3rd 
class. U. S. N. T. S. Newport, R. I. Dec. 11, 1918 at Newport. 

Thomas W. Nix, May 31. 1918 at Fort Thomas, Ky. 25th 
motorized M. G. Battalion. Co. B. Replacement Regiment, 9th 
Division. Private. Camp Sheridan, Ala. Feb. 11, 1919 at Camp 
Grant. 

TRURO TOWNSHIP 

Harry Bennett. 

Harley W. Benjamin, June 21, 1918 at Galesburg. Co. K. 
111th Inf. Private. Camp Grant; St. Mihiel Sector. April 17, 
1919 at Camp Grant. 

Arthur Carrigan 

William James Cation, March 5, 1918 at Galesburg. Troop 
M. 11th Cavalry. Mexican Border at Pontrero, California. 
About Sept. 19, 1919 at Jefferson Barracks Mo. 

VANCE CHAMBERS, died in service, in France. 

Frank Harrison Cole, June 23, 1918 at Galesburg. Co. C. 
344th Inf. Also Co. E., 111th Inf. 28th Div. Private. Camp 
Grant; Camp Mills; France. May 9, 1919 at Camp Grant. 

Glen R. Cole. March 28. 1917 at Peoria. Co. H., 5th 111. Inf. 
Private and Corporal. Also Ord. Dept. Sgt. of Ord. Peoria; 
Camp Logan ; France. June 5, 1919 at Camp Grant. 

Bert Daniels 



120 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

Isadora Daub, April 3. 1918 at Lacon. 1st Co. 37th Reg. 
Coast Artillery Corps. Private. Ft. Wright, X. Y. Dec. 19. 
1918 at Camp Grant. 

Vergil. Dudley. 

C. W. German. April 3, 1918 at Galesburg. 54th C. A. C. 
Cpl. Ft. Screven, Ga. March 21. 1919 at Camp Grant. 

Harry Gibson, May 23, 1918 at Galesburg. Bat. D. 53rd U. S. 
F. A. Private, 1st class. Camp Travis, Tex. Feb. 14, 1919 
at Camp Grant. 

Roscoe Gibson 
Grover George 
Harry Harmison 

Lloyd W. Harmison. April 2, 1918 at Galesburg. 54th C. A. C. 
Corporal. Ft. Screven, Ga. ; France; England. March 23, 1919 
at Camp Grant. 

M. Ernest Hart, April 2, 1918 at Ft. Screven, Ga. 8th Co. 
64th Reg. Coast Artillery Corps. Private. Ft. Screven ; Mont- 
marillon and Augers, France. April 12. 1919 at Camp" Grant. 

Clyde M. Huber, May 27, 1918 at Galesburg. 6th Corps Mili- 
tary Police. Private. 1st class. U S.; France; Luxemburg; 
Germany. Aug. 21. 1919 at Camp Grant. 

Cecil M. Kimler, April 16, 1917 at Springfield, 111. Co. C. 
6th 111. Inf. Also Hdq. Co. 123rd Field Artillery. Corporal 
Springfield ; E. St. Louis ; Houston. Tex. ; In France, St. Mihiel, 
Meuse. Argonne. June 8, 1919 at Camp Grant. 

H. Edward Larson, Dec. 15. 1917 at Galesburg. Co. I. 50th 
Inf. 1st Class Private. Washington, D. C. ; Camp Sevier, S. C. ; 
Camp Dix. April 5, 1919 at Camp Grant. 

Homer Larson, April 2, 1918 at Galesburg. Bat. B. 54th 
Coast Artiller3^ 1st Class Private. Ft. Screven, Ga. ; Ft. Mon- 
roe; France. March 21, 1919 at Camp Grant. 

James E. Larson, July 6, 1918 at Basin, Wyo. Co. G. 11th 
Bat. Inf. Replacement. Sergeant. Camp MacArthur, March 
1, 1919 at Ft. Logan, Colo. 

Eldrid W. Mackie, May 27, 1918 at Galesburg. 314th Am- 
munition Train ; Co. C, 5th Replacement Regiment. Private. 
Camp Gordon, Ga. ; Meuse; Orgonne offensive. June 5, 1919 at 
Camp Grant. 

James Mahar. 

John O'Brien. 

Pat. O'Hearn, July 22, 1918 at Galesburg. C. A. C. Bat. C. 
5th French Motor Bn. Unassigned, Wagoner. Ft. Hancock, 
N. J.; A. P. O. 903, A. E. F. France. Jan. 31, 1919 at Camp 
Grant. 

Edward D. Parker, May 31, 1918 at Ft. Thomas. Ky. Supply 
Co. 46th U. S. Inf.; Supply Sergeant. Camp Sheridan; Ft. 
Oglethorpe. July 12, 1919 at Camp Grant. 

Michael Phelan. 



SERVICE RECORDS OF WORLD WAR VETERANS 121 

Julius Henry Shaw, June 14, 1918 at Galesburg. Co. L. Q. M. 
C. Private. Kansas City ; New York ; New Jersey ; Maryland ; 
England; France. May 10, 1919 at Camp Mills. 

Fred Shultz, May 10, 1918 at Galesburg. Co. C. 7th Div. 
Motor Supply Train. Private. Camp MacArthur, Tex. ; Puve- 
nelle Sector, France. July 8, 1919 at Camp Grant. 

Dale Stemple. 

Jackson F. Stodgel, Feb. 5, 1917 at Jefferson Barracks. Co. I. 
27th Inf. Sergeant. Praesidio, Calif.; Fremont, Calif.; Vladi- 
vostok, Siberia; Manila, P. I. July 21, 1920 at Ft. McDowell, 
Calif. 

David E. Tucker, July 25, 1918 at Jefferson Barracks. Bat- 
tery E., 2nd Field Artillery. R. D. Private. Camp Zachary 
Taylor, Ky. Dec. 16, 1918 at Camp Zachary Taylor. 

Harley Tucker. 
Harry Tucker. 

Clyde T. Tucker, April 2, 1918 at Galesburg. Bat. A. 53 
Art. C. A. C. Private, 1st Class. U. S.; France. April 3, 
1919 at Camp Grant. 

Raymond Wall, Sept. 20, 1917 at Galesburg. Co. E.. 130th 
Inf. Private. Camp Dodge, Iowa; Camp Logan, Texas; 
France. May 30, 1919 at Camp Grant. 

VALLEY TOWNSHIP. 

James Reed Anderson, April 2, 1918 at Toulon. 4th Co. 
Coast Artillery Corps. 1st Class Private and radio operator. 
Camp Nickoll ; Jackson Barracks, New Orleans ; Ft. St. Philip, 
La. Jan. 6, 1919 at Jackson Barracks. 

Alfred Leroy Berg, July 28, 1917 at Peoria. Co. G. 28th In- 
fantry. 1st Div. A. E. F. Private, 1st Class. Jefferson Bar- 
racks, Mo.; Ft. Benj. Harrison, Ind. ; Soissons, St. Mihiel and 
Contigny, France. March 31, 1919 at Camp Grant. 

Clarence Edgar Berg, June 25, 1918 at Toulon. 5th Co. 
161st Reg. depot brigade. Private. Camp Grant. Dec. 12, 1918 
at Camp Grant. 

William Joseph Flynn, Sept. 18, 1917 at Toulon. Co. A. 124th 
Machine Gun Battalion. Private, 1st Class. Camp Logan. 
Texas ; in France in active service with British, French and 
American Sectors. May 30, 1919 at Camp Grant. 

John Hillen, Dec. 14, 1917 at Peoria. Remount Service Q. 
M. C. Troop B. Auxilliary Remount Det. 316. Private. Jeffer- 
son Barracks, Mo. ; Camp Meigs, Washington, D. C. ; Camp Gor- 
don, Atlanta, Ga. ; Camp Johnston, Jacksonville, Fla. Jan. 18. 
1919 at Camp Grant. 

Herschel Tillman Hollis, June 14, 1918 at Toulon. Battery 
B. 4th Regiment. Mess Sergeant. Camp Zachary Taylor, Louis- 
ville, Ky. Jan. 14, 1919 at Louisville. 



122 HISTORY AND REMINISCENXES 

Carl S. Johnson, Dec. 14, 1917 at Peoria. Q. M. C. Animal 
Embarkation depot. Private. Camp Custer, Battle Creek, 
Mich.; Camp Hill, Newport News, Va. April 6, 1919 at Camp 
Grant. 

Paul Keeley, June 25, 1918 at Toulon. Army. Private. Camp 
Grant : Camp MacArthur, Tex. ; Fort Bayard, N. AI. June 5, 
1919 at Camp Grant. 

William M. Long, June 26, 1919 at Toulon. Machine Gun 
Co. 311th Regiment. Private. Meuse, Argonne, Fanest, in 
France. June 1, 1920 at Camp Grant. 

Charles Ross Martin, April 29, 1918 at Toulon. Co. K. 359th 
Infantry. 1st Class Private. Camp Dodge, Iowa; Camp Travis, 
Tex.; Camp on Long Island; Liverpool, Eng., St. Mihiel, Meuse, 
Argonne in France. June 17, 1919 at Camp Grant. 

Arthur Cornelius Nickolls. June 25, 1918 at Toulon. Co. B. 
342nd Infantry. Private. Camp Grant; Camp Merritt ; Cadillac, 
France. Jan. 29, 1919 at Camp Grant. 

Roy Clifford Ratcliff, June 25, 1918 at Toulon. Co. I. 344th 
Infantry; also 116th Guard Corps. A. S. C, 86th Division. Cor- 
poral. Le Mans and Bordeaux in France. July 18, 1919 at 
Camp Grant. 

Joseph F. Ryan, June 25, 1918 at Toulon. Co. L. 344th In- 
fantry. Also Co. A. 148th Infantry, 37th division. Private. 
Camp Grant; Camp j\Iills ; France, via Liverpool, England 
April 15. 1919 at Camp Grant. 

Matthew Raymond Ryan. Mav 23, 1918 at Toulon. Heavy 
Field Artillery. Battery E. 48th Field Artillery 16th division. 
Private 1st Class. Camp Douglas, Ariz.; Camp Kearney. Calif. 
Feb. 17, 1919 at Camp Grant. 

Joseph E. Siebenthal, April 1, 1918 at Toulon. Co. M. 138th 
Infantry. Private, 1st Class. Different parts of U. S. and twelve 
months along different parts of the battle front. May 13, 1919 
at Camp Grant. 

Oren Wilson, Feb. 25. 1918 at Peoria. Navy, Seaman. Great 
Lakes; Base 7. Brest France; Destroyer U. S. S. Warrington; 
Philadelphia. Aug. 5, 1919 at Great Lakes. 

ALBERT JOHN WORSFOLD. June 26, 1918 at Toulon. Co. 
B. 311th Infantry. In France. Died in France, Nov. 4. 1918. 
Killed while at his post of duty in action. 

WEST JERSEY TOWNSHIP. 

Orville J. Addis, June 14, 1918 at Toulon. Artillery. Co. B. 
3rd Reg. November Automatic Replacement Draft. 1st Class 
Private. Kansas City, Mo.; Camp Zachary Taylor, Louisville, 
Ky. Dec. 12. 1918 at Camp Zachary Taylor. 

Selba A. Bamber, May 2X 1918 at Toulon. Co. E. 37th Inf. 
Private. Ft. Mcintosh. Laredo, Tex.; Glenn Springs, Marfa, 
Tex. Oct. 11, 1919 at Camp Alberts. Marfa, Tex. 



SERVICE RECORDS OF WORLD WAR VETERANS 123 

HARVE BARLOW, killed in action at Chateau Thierry. 

Glenn Beamer, May 30, 1918 at Toulon. Co. I. 68th Infantry. 
Corporal. Camp Sheridan, Montgomery, Ala. Feb. 14th, 1919 
at Camp Grant. 

Harley Sherman Biederbeck. Sept. 18. 1917 at Toulon. In- 
fantry. Private. Camp Dodge, Iowa : Camp Pike, Ark. ; France 
May 24, 1919 at Camp Grant. 

Phillip B. Biederbeck, June 26, 1918 at Peoria. Co. E. 106th 
Reg. Ammunition Train. Private. Camp Wheeler, Ga. • France 
Jan. 16. 1919 at Camp Grant. 

George C. Bort, June 24, 1918 at Toulon. Supply Co. 342 Reg. 
of Supply Infantr3^ 86th Division. Wagoner. Camp Grant; 
Camp Upton; Camp Spur; France. July 16, 1919 at Camp Grant. 

Ernest Brown. 

Ralph Hobart Buskirk, July 19, 19.... at Springfield. 111. Co. 
K., 6th Inf. Private. Springfield; St. Louis; Houston, Tex.; 
England and France. June 2, 1919 at Camp Grant. 

Ray Buskirk. 

Orva M. Chamberlain 

Ray Chamberlain. May 30, 1918 at Toulon. Co. I. 46th In- 
fantry. 1st Class Private. Camp Sheridan, Montgomery. Ala 
Feb. 18, 1919 at Camp Grant. 

Clark Cravens. 

Harry V. Cree, June 22, 1918 at Toulon. Co. B. 343rd. Inf. 
Private. Camp Grant; St. Aignon. Bordeaux, Le Havre, in 
France. March 24, 1919 at Camp Grant. 

Arthur L. Decker, Nov. 12, 1917 at Jefferson Barracks. Avia- 
tion Section. Signal Corps (Air Service) 165th Aero Squadron. 
2nd Photographic Detachment. Photographer. A. E. F March 
22, 1919 at Camp Grant. 

Anna Todd Dryden, Nurse. Mar. 5, 1918 at Longmont, Colo. 
Army nurse— Base Hospital No. 11. Ft. Logan, Colo.; Nantes, 
France. April 27, 1919 at . 

Wm. J. Eagleson. 

Earl L. Egbert. June 25, 1918 at Toulon. Co. B. 331st Machine 
Gun Battalion. 86th Div. Later in 33rd Military Police Co. 
33rd Div. 1st Class Private. Camp Grant ; Camp Mills ; France; 
Luxemburg. June 5. 1919 at Camp Grant. 

Orville Egbert, June 15, 1918 at Camp Bradley, Peoria. Ord- 
inance, Dept. 6th. Bn. T. A. (C. A. C.) Private, 1st Class 
Vitne. France. Feb. 1, 1919 at Camp Grant. 

Clifford Finley 

John M. Ham, May 30, 1918 at Toulon. Co. I. 68th Inf. 
Private and Cook. Camp Sheridan, Montgomery, Ala. Feb. 11, 
1919 at Camp Grant. 

Lewis E. Hazen. 



124 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

Miss Bessie L. Heaton, reported for duty Aug. 15. 1918. 
Enrolled Sept. 20, 1918 at Kewanee. Red Cross Nurse. Camp 
Jackson, S. C. Dec. 29, 1918 at Camp Jackson. 

Fred O. Heaton. 

Lewis Heaton 

Jerry Hill. 

William Hill 

Glenn W. Howell, Oct. 1, 1918 at Urbana. 111. Co. 7. S. A. 
T. C. Private. University of 111. Dec. 21, 1918 at Cham- 
paign 

Owen King 

Ormal Leo Ladd, April 24, 1917 at Peoria. U. S. Naval Avia- 
tion. Seaman. Great Lakes; Philadelphia; Brooklyn, N. Y. ; 
Bay Ridge, N. Y. ; Pelham Bay, N. Y. ; Air Station at Montchic 
France. June 30, 1919 at Navy Yard, N. Y. 

John H. Mcintosh, June 25, 1918 at Toulon. Co. 19. Private. 
Camp Grant. Aug. 5, 1918 at Camp Grant. 

Alva Morris. 

Gordon L. Newman, May 31, 1918 at Toulon. Co. I. 46th 
Inf. Later 68th Inf. Private. Camp Sheridan. Ala. Feb. 12, 
1919 at Camp Grant. 

Herbert E. Newman, Dec. 5, 1917 at Rock Island, 111. Co. G. 
4th Inf. Mech. U. S. ; France; Germany. Sept. 2, 1919 at 
Camp Grant. 

Roy C. Newman; 

Albert L. Reich, June 25, 1918 at Toulon. Co. B. 136th 
Machine Gun Battalion. Private. Camp Grant ; France ; Bel- 
gium. April 7, 1919 at Camp Grant. 

Glen Ray Shockley, June 15. 1918 at Peoria. Ordinance Dept. 
H. Q. Supply Co. Cook. Peoria ; Camp Hancock, Augusta, 
Ga. Feb. 11, 1919 at Camp Hancock. 

Herbert R. Smith, June 14, 1918 at Toulon. Motor Transport 
Corps. Co. C. Water Tank Train 302. Corporal. Kansas City; 
Camp Holabird, Md. ; Camp Merritt, N. J.; Camp Upton. L. I.; 
Camp Grant; England; France. April 17, 1919 at Camp Grant. 

Richard Stimmel, May 30, 1918 at Toulon. Co. I. 46th In- 
fantry. Corporal. Montgomery, Ala. Feb. 13, 1919 at Camp 
Grant. 

Henry Rex Stutler, May 15, 1917 at Peoria. Navy. Ship's 
Cook. Peoria; Newport, R. L; U. S. S. Michigal ; U. S. S. Sol- 
ace; R. S. M. Y.; U. S. S. San Diego; U. S. S. Culgoa. Jan. 
21, 1919 on U.. S. S. Culgoa, N. Y. 

LEROY STUTLER, April 29, 1918 at Toulon. Private. 359th 
Infantry. Headquarters Co. Died with honor as a result of in- 
juries received in line of duty in the military service of his 
country, on Sept. 26, 1918. 



SERVICE RECORDS OF WORLD WAR VETERANS 125 

Harold J. Trimmer. June 25. 1918 at Toulon. Co. F. 311th 
Ammunition Train. Artillery. Private, 1st Class. Camp Grant; 
France. Feb. 27, 1919 at Camp Grant. 

HARRY LESLIE WALKER, June 26, 19— at Toulon. Co. 
F. 311 Reg. 68. Ammunition Train. Private. Camp De Longe; 
Camp Genicort. Died Jan. 13, 1919 at Base Hospital 208. 

Claude R Webster. 

Merle D. Webster. 

John Charles Flynn Wiley, Nov. 11. 1918 at Toulon. Nov. 
12, 1918 at Camp Wadsworth, S. C. 

Edgar Whitten. 

Lewis R. Whitten, May 30, 1918 at Toulon. Co. L 68th In- 
fantry. Private. Camp Sheridan, Ala. Dec. 20, 1918 at Camp 
Grant. 



126 



HISTORY AXD REMINISCENCES 



BURIALS IX PRIXCEVILLE TOWNSHIP 

CEMETERY. 

Record kept by Chas. J. Cheesman and John 
Kinnah. since the Publishing- of Vol. 2. Dates 
are those of burial, not of death. 



(Corrections and Additions Invited.) 



Nov. 
Dec. 



1915 

Aug. 2 

22 

Sept. 21 

Oct. 5 
12 
16 
31 

8 
19 
11 
Zl 
2'^ 
29 

1916 

Jan. 16 
24 
28 

Feb. 21 
29 

Apr. 22 

May 28 

June 3 

7 

13 

19 

24 

July 4 

4 

18 

Aug. 12 

20 
20 
23 
27 
28 



Mrs. David Mendell 
Alexander Dowdall 
Alice Eyre 

William Renegar 
Mrs. Jos. ShuU 
Mrs. Chas. Reese 
Mrs. Bettie Miller 

George Miller 
Charles Hare 
Miss Retta Hart 
Eliza Harris 
George Champe 
Mrs. Frank Moffitt 



Sept. 13 George William 
Challacombe 

15 Mary Margaret Riel 

16 Martha Riel 

21 Mrs. Martha Adams 
Oct. 7 John Yess 

18 Esther Hall Auten 

26 Alfred Wilson 
Nov. 7 Margaret Brown 

20 Mrs. Jennie Wear 

26 Mrs. Ella M. Wear 
Dec. 13 John Wesley Rowcliffe 

13 Julia Caroline Elliott 

28 Blanche Henry Scheelor 



1917 



Jan. 



Nathan McCready 
Mrs. Sallie Bennett 
George McMillen 
Hannah Dollison. 
Caroline Oertley 

Albert Dusten 

Harriet Matilda Williams 

Lydia Z. Cummins 

Airs. Angie Cummins 

David Evans Feb. 

Everet Martin Gehrt 

John G. Corbett 

Allen Wamsley Mar. 

J. W. Clevelin 

Adolphus Evans 

George Washington 

Belford 
Cyrus I. Regan Apr. 

Roy Allen Coon May 

Velna Arline Parker 
James Thos. Slane 
Jos. Geitner 



4 
5 
11 
17 
20 
22 
24 
29 
30 
31 

3 

9 

17 

3 

4 

13 

19 

26 

6 
13 
17 
22 
26 



Mrs. Amine Heberling 
Mrs. R. Heberling 
Ashes of Cora M. Gilbert 
Geo. H. Bloomer 
Chas. Bateman 
Mrs. Ora White 
Ernest Gedney 
Mrs. Rachel Harrison 
Earl Walkington 
Mrs. Harriet Moody 

Miss Grace Porter 
David Kinnah 
Joseph Hyde 

Robt. Allen Williams 
Mrs. A. L. Parker 
D. L. Bronson 
Mrs. Alice Gray 
Mrs. Mary Potts 

Byron H. Wear 
Mrs. L. Cohvell 
David Lathrop Graves 
Twins of Glen Sniff 
Mrs. Margaretta Henry 



BURIALS IN PRINCEVILLE TOWNSHIP CEMETERY 



127 



Aug. 



June 10 Charles Wirth 

11 Nathan Stowell ' 

12 Mrs. Bernice Bliss 

13 Mrs. Levi Coan 

14 John Xickolls 

25 Miss Grace Houston 

July 23 Miss Neva Gray 
28 Mrs. Viola Hoag 

Thomas Williams 
William McDowell 
Jacob Schaad 
Nels Wendell 
Morris Coburn 
Emma Friedman 
Benj. Frank Pearson 
Wm. Henry Fritz 

Henry H. Beach 
Mrs. Martha Flaherty 
John Duffy 

F. W. Cutler 

George I. McGinnis 
Archibald Smith 
John Squire 
Jackson Leaverton 
Mrs. Sarah Beach 



11 
15 
28 
29 

Sept. 7 

7 

19 

20 

Oct. 19 
24 
27 

Nov. 11 

Dec. 6 

7 

13 

14 

17 

1918 
Jan. 21 
Feb. 3 
5 

12 
23 
25 
27 
28 

Mar. 4 
15 

28 

Apr, 5 
18 

May 5 

7 

11 

22 



June 5 

7 

12 

18 

28 

July 21 
29 

Aug. 9 
16 
29 

8 

9 

21 

22 

9 
19 
27 

27 

3 
5 
14 

14 
15 
19 

1919 
Jan. 2 
8 



Oct. 



Nov. 



Dec. 



Feb. 



Mrs. Josephine Beall 

Cecil Duffy 

Henry Wilson 

Mrs. Elizabeth Bohrer 

Thomas Staples 

Child of A. W. Delbridge 

John Lewis Coon 

Mrs. Catherine Gruner 

Infant of Mr. and Mrs. 
L. B. Blanchard ]yjg^ 

Child of Mr. and Mrs. 
Langford 

Mrs. Wm. H. Simons 



2Z 

25 

4 
6 
8 
8 
11 
22 

14 



Joseph Russell 
Mrs. Leo Hill 

Mrs. S. Quigley 
John Calvin Wasson 
Merle Hollis 
Thos. McDowell 



24 

25 

2 

5 
24 

Aug. 16 
18 



June 

July 



Louis P. Harrison 
Arthur March 
Lewis L. Campbell 
George A. Adams 
Gilbert Bane 

David Smith 

Mrs. Graham Klinck 

Glen Carlyle Shipley 
James . Miles 
Mary Madge Reed 

R. J. Benjamin 
Howard Corbett 
Grace Hutchinson 
Mrs. Henry Smith 

Mildred LaVerne Gordon 
Vernon R. Wear 
Charles Virgil Roach 
William Best 

Lillian ]\L Langford 
Airs. George N. Smith 
Child of Mr. and Mrs. 
Clifford White 

Mrs. Sarah M. Sloan 
Howard A. Lair 
Preston Eyre 

Henry C. Houston 
Infant child of Mr. and 

Mrs. Gus Nelson 
Daisy Corrington 
Rachel E. Taylor 

David Mendell 
Betsy Elizabeth Hill 
Wm. Coburn 
Joshua C. Kerns 
Ola Rae Wear 
Elijah Coburn 

Margaret Jan McGregor 

Darbv 
John Wm. Worsfold 
Maxine Frances Hart 
Eliza Jane Bouton 

Edwin C. Lair 
Rosanna Higgs 

Mary Jane Meaker 
Ida Belle Flora (nee 
Beach) 



128 



HISTORY AND REMINISCE^•CES 



Sept. 10 Emmett Illingworth 
20 Sarah Matilda Bates 
26 Elizabeth Carroll 

Oct. 28 Mary Stevens Moody 
31 Tressie Dell Staples 
Gelling 

Nov. 11 Velma Sniff 
23 Hanna Larson 

Dec. 5 Verna Marie Camp 

1920 

Jan. 16 Miss Nellie Sniff 
Samuel Rice 
Julia Hammer 
Mrs. W. F. Byrnes 
Mrs. Lillie Garmers 
Mrs. Edgar Trethevvay 
Guy Christopher 
Mrs. Bessie Burgess 
Grant Morrow 
Dora Maxine Sheelor 



Feb. 



17 

22 
4 
7 
16 
16 
19 
20 
22 
22 



1921 

Feb. 2 Jos. K. Gray 

8 Mrs. Martha Bay 
26 J. J. Gingrich, Mrs. 
Leatha Gingrich 

Mar. 1 Mrs. Charles Burns 

4 Child of Mr. and Mrs. 

John Wilson 

Apr. 5 Mrs. Rebecca Baxter 

5 Child of Mr. and Mrs. 

Langford 

13 Louis Gittler 

14 Samuel Westerfield 

May 3 Mrs. John Nickolls 

18 Mrs. Gladys Jackson 
June 13 Child of Mr. and Mrs. 

Ralph Gelling 

19 Norris Nelson 



24 

Mar. 12 

18 

Apr. 24 
May 12 

14 
18 
22 
26 

June 6 

30 

July 29 

Aug. 18 

Sept. 29 

29 

Nov. 7 

21 

26 

30 
Dec. 2 
7 
15 
18 
29 



23 B. P. Williams 
Infant son of Mr. andjuly 29 Anna Marie Burgess 

Mrs. George Near Aug. 18 John M. Yates 
Jessie Darby 20 Frances Maddox 

Miss Mary Peet 31 Mrs. Thos. C. Coe 

Elmer Kingan Sept. 3 Walter ^lartin 



Mrs. Mary Johnston 
Infant child of Mr. and 

Mrs. Leigh Fast 
John R. Shipley 
Mrs. Mary Byers 
Airs. David Graves 
Mrs. Charles Alford 

Mrs. Annie Louise 
Stewart 

Mrs. John W. Rowcliff 
Louis Wisenburg 
Maxine Christopher 
Milton Wilson 
Naomi R. Camp 
Annetta Sloan 
Mrs. Julia Ennis 
Child of Mr. and Mr' 

D. White 
David Stockton 
Aaron C. Moffit 
William Dollison 
Mary Dusten 
Levi McKown 
David Smith (of Dunlap; 



12 Jos. C. Gentry 
20 Mrs. Ella Buck 
29 Sanford Mansfield 

Oct. 4 Mrs. Ida Willard 
31 Henry DeBord 

Nov. 16 Eliza Morrow 

22 Mrs. John Williams 
Dec. 9 Child of Mr. and Mrs. 
Chas. Sentz 
12 Paul Richoz 
17 Child of Mr. and Mrs. 

Earl Camp 
26 Harvey Hodges 

29 Mary B. Miller 
1922 

Jan. 4 Mrs. Simon Cox 

6 Archibald D. Edwards 

30 Mrs. Maggie Wilson 
Feb. 6 Mrs. Marion Keller 

14 Wm. C. Gilmore 
Mar. 12 Jas. Cornish 

14 Jos. Rhue Hart 



BURIALS IN ST. MARY's CEMETERY 



129 



May 22 Mrs. Isabella Debord June 2 Mrs. J. E. Merritt 



24 Ashes of Mrs. Esther 

Blanchard 
28 Mrs. Maggie Slane 

28 Wm. Henry Feeser 

29 James E. White 



8 Mrs. Isabelle Fry 

8 Miss Bessie Luella Hayes 
July 8 Mrs. Isabelle Batchelor 

9 Mrs. Eliza Medora 
Carman 

15 Mrs. Julia Hawver 



BURIALS IN ST. MARY'S CEMETERY 

PRINCEVILLE. 

From Parish Records, since the Publishing of Vol. II. 

Dates are those of burial, not of death. 



(Corrections and Additions Invited.) 



1915 
Sept. 22 

1916 
Feb. 2 
Mar. 2 
June 22 
Nov. 4 
9 
Dec. 16 

1917 
Feb. 8 
Mar. 20 

22 
Apr. 18 
June 3 
Oct. 8 

22 
Nov. 8 
Dec. 11 

29 

30 

1918 
Jan. 10 

Feb. 4 
Mar. 5 
May 23 

31 
June 20 
July 14 
Aug. 4 

13 



Robert Ross 



Agnes German 
Mrs. John Callery 
John Backes 
Mrs. Mary Noonen 
Denis Dugan 
Val. Weber 



Sept. 2 James Sloan 
Oct. 9 Dr. E. J. Miller 

20 Jose Diaz 
Nov. 7 Dorothy West 
17 Dr. L. C. Miller 
28 Clarence Trowbridge 



1919 
Jan. 24 
Feb. 10 
Apr. 29 
May 26 
Mrs. Thomas Heageny July 15 



Mrs. Chas. Gelling 
Leo Christian 
John Murphy 
Wm. Cashin 
George A. McCarty 
Mary Ellen Cashin 
James Duffy 
Mrs. Walter West 
Dorothy Rooney 
Mrs. Streitmatter 

Infant son of Mr, 
Mrs. Ed. Burns 
Frank Heitter 
Jack Heageny 
Mrs. J. Rotterman 
Denis Dugan Jr. 
Leo Rotterman 
Mrs. John Christian 
Lester McDermott 
Virginia Friedman 



Mrs. Moses Huckins 
Mrs. Ed. Harmon 
Mrs. Mary Meyer 
James Edward Fitzgerald 
James Kelly 
Oct. 25 Mrs. Robt. Trowbridge 

1920 
Feb. 5 Frank Rogers 

17 Mrs. Joe German 
Mar. 20 x\lbert Ernst 
Apr. 26 Thomas Coyle 
Sept. 3 Mrs. Jas. Carroll 
22 Mrs. Robt. Ross 
Oct. 16 John McDonna 
Nov. 2 George Geitner 
9 James Burns 



and 1921 
Jan. 29 
May 16 
Sept. 10 
Oct. 27 
Dec. 6 

1922 
Jan. 24 
Feb. 9 
Apr. 25 



Wm. Gorman 
Mrs. Joseph Caroll 
Ben Harmon 
Mrs. M. Chambers 
Infant of Wyatt Greene 

Charles Harmon 

Mrs. Doug. McDonnell 

Mrs. Matt O'Byrne 



INDEX 



PAGE 

Andirons, Ode on Pair of Old 12 

Apostolic Christian Church 31 

Apple Tree Row 26 

Baby Days: Tribute to Mr. and Mrs. Peter Auten, Sr 23 

Baby Days : Tribute to S. S. Slane 20 

Band, Princeville's First 6 

Beall Family 56 

Bronson Family 57 

Burials in Princeville Township Cemetery 127 

Burials in St. Mary's Cemetery 129 

Campbell Family 60 

Carleton, James, Family 64 

Charles, Dr. John E 65 

Douglas, Stephen A., Visit to Princeville 14 

Edwards Family 70 

Earliest Roads 27 

Essex, Isaac B., Family 11 

First Buildings Erected in Princeville 54 

Friedman Family 79 

Gue Family 81 

Hall, Phronia Owens, Reminiscences of 14 

Hewitt, Margaret Hamlin Xixon 83 

Hoag, Jacob, Family 85 

Keady, Family in Peoria County . . 86 

Klinck Cornet Band 7 

Klinck, Leonard, Masonic Record of 48 

Lucky Thirteen 55 

Masonic Record of Leonard Klinck 48 

Monica, Sketches of Zi 

Mother of Pioneers ( Poem) 5 

Ode on Pair of Old Andirons 12 

Old Prairie Trails 26 

Owens, Wm., Family 88 

Princeville Cornet Band 7 

Princeville's First Band 6 

Reminiscences of Civil War Days, by Lydia Owens Streeter. 25 

Reminiscences by Phronia Owens Hall 14 

Riel Family 92 

Rowcliffe, Hon. William 96 

Service Records 107 

Short Courtship and Happy Married Life 50 

Singing Organizations of Princeville 8 

Sketches of "Monica" Before the Civil War Z2> 

Small Pox and Cholera in Princeville 52 

Streitmatter Family 101 

Travelers' Rest 18 

War Veterans, Service Records 107 

Williams, Vaughn, Family 104 

Yates Family 104 



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