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Full text of "History and reminiscences, from the records of Old settlers union of Princeville and vicinity; material comprised in reports of committees on history and reminiscences for years 1906-"

HISTORY 



AND 



REMINISCENCES 



Old Settlers' Union 
of Princeville 
and Vicinity 



OECORDS OF 

1923 
1924 
1925 
1926 
1927 
1928 
1929 



VOLUME IV 



LIBRARY OF THE 

UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS 

AT URBANA-CHAMPAIGN 



977.352 
Ollh 
v. k 



Illinois Historical Survey 




■ >-=". 



IIhrARY 

UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS 

URBANA 




Donor of Cutter s Pioneer Grove. 



VOLUME IV 

HISTORY 

AND 

REMINISCENCES 

FROM THE RECORDS OF 

Old Settlers' Union of Princeville 
and Vicinity 



Material comprised in Reports of Committees on 

History and Reminiscences for years 1923, 

1924, 1925, 1926, 1927, 1928, 1929 



Published under the Auspices of 

Old Settlers' Union of Princeville and Vicinity 

PRINCEVILLE, ILLINOIS 

August, 1929 



PETER AUTEN 
STEWART CAMPBELL 
ODILLON B. SLANE 

Publishing Committee 






INTRODUCTORY 

This volume is the fourth of the series begun 
by the Old Settlers' Union in 1912. Like its fore- 
runners, it is a compilation of historical sketches, 
poems, etc., prepared by different persons of the 
vicinity, and of interest to all those whose families 
are connected by residence or association with the 
early days of Princeville and surrounding Town- 
ships. 

A surprising amount of material on Princeville's 
early days was brought to light by interviews with 
forty or fifty of the older inhabitants, when Mr. 
Edward Auten, Sr., and Mr. Peter Auten first wrote 
the history of Princeville Township, several years 
before the formation of the O. S. U. P. V. It was 
planned to read several articles from the platform 
at the Picnic each year; failing in that, the articles 
and sketches, many of them developed into family 
hisories, have been collected and published in these 
four volumes. 

Special attention is called to the comic and 
richly humorous articles on Princeville life and 
character in 1877-1889 by Paul Hull. 

Following them are articles on general sub- 
jects, then family histories in alphabetical order, 
and then lists of burials in different cemeteries. 

There are still about fifteen cemeteries in the 
Townships covered by this Association, whose 
burials have not been reported in this or earlier 
volumes, the Streitmatter, Dunlap Catholic, Blue 
Ridge, French Grove, West Hallock, Princeville 
Apostolic Christian, Dickinson, Jubilee College, 
Rochester, Sheets and others. Their lists should ap- 
pear in a later volume. 



DREAM OF OLD SONGS 

I wonder why we muse and dream 
As the years go rolling along; 
Is it because we crave a new theme, 
Or do we just want a new song? 

Perhaps we walk again — as in days of yore, 
The banks of "The Swanee River." 
We hear sweet notes of "The Shining Shore " 
Which set our dream hearts all a-quiver. 

We dream we are by the "Old Fireside" 
And we hear voices of the "Long Ago," 
Then into our vision "Dream Faces" glide 
As they chant in tones "Sweet and Low." 

Then come echoing voices from "The Land O' 

the Leal." 
"Oft in the Stilly Night," comes the sweet 

refrain, 
Then, we hear, as we reverently kneel, 
"God Be With You Till We Meet Again." 

— Phronia Owens Hall. 

In every community there are certain objects or 
landmarks that recall to memory the pioneer life, 
its trials, its struggles, its adventures. The object 
may be a massive oak that has stood amid the 
storms and blasts of a century, and whose towering 
branches sheltered alike the Indian savage and the 
early settler. Perhaps the landmark is a huge rock 
whose qualities adamantine express the character 
of a faith enduring, a spirit indomitable, a purpose 
unswerving. Such are the traits of character in the 
lives of the pioneers of our country's history. 

O. B. S. 



Address of Welcome 5 

ADDRESS OF WELCOME AT OLD SETTLERS' 

PICNIC 

By Odillon B. S!ane, 1925 

Mr. President, Ladies and Gentlemen: 

Twenty years ago the Old Settlers' Union of 
Princeville came into existence. Its object then and 
now, is "To perpetuate the memories of pioneer 
days, foster a reverence for our forefathers, and 
encourage a spirit of fellowship and hospitality." 
In this spirit we extend to you the glad hand on 
this occasion. 

Hospitality was the leading spirit of the pioneer 
days. It was the spirit of fellowship and hospitality 
that led Daniel Prince to hang out the latch-string 
to the traveling circuit-rider that he might enter 
his cabin home and hold religious services there. 

It was a spirit of hospitality in the early six- 
ties that entertained the Ingersoll's, the Cratty's, 
the Oglesby's and the Yates' at the Owens Hotel on 
their return from many hunting trips along the 
Spoon River bluffs. And while Mrs. Owens and her 
helpers served to them the evening meal, — ah, the 
flashes of wit, and humor, and repartee that flew 
like sparks from the fire, which must have greeted 
their ears. 

The spirit of brotherhood was fostered by the 
gathering in of the neighbors to visit the sick and 
nurse them back to health and life. Right here let 
me say, we should not fail to pay a tribute to the 
pioneer women of that time, for they endured the 
same hardships and privations as did the men. 

Mother of the pioneers, 

Queen of the cabin home, 

Out where the dark forest clears, 

And where the wild Indians roam. 



6 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

Where the backlog's blazing tongue 
Warms up the hearth of stone, 
And where the scout devours his meal 
Of venison and pone. 

What pictures of want, of hunger, of cold and 
of stubborn courage! What faith, and hope, and 
joy and love! We of this generation and time should 
foster and encourage this same spirit of fellowship 
and hospitality. For by so doing we may hasten the 
day when all will acknowledge the Universal Fath- 
erhood of God and establish the Brotherhood of 
Man. 

We are still in the aftermath of the Great War 
— this nation is passing through the throes of a 
new birth. Shall we rise to a higher spiritual plane 
and live — is a question that we should all seriously 
consider. 

Great are the changes between the THEN and 
the NOW. Gone is the log cabin with its fireplace, its 
spinning wheel, and its trundle bed; gone is the 
old mill dam and its water wheel; gone are the deer 
and the buffalo; gone, the morning "hoog-a-la-goo" 
of the prairie chicken, and gone the howl of the 
wolf at sunset. 

From the crack of the ox driver's whip to the 
whirr of the aeroplane is spanned by a period of 
evolution, of wonderful progress and development. 
Changes in the social conditions, too! Why, in the 
good old days, it only required one license to get 
married; but now it takes two — a marriage license 
and an automobile license. 

One great accomplishment of the Old Settlers' 
Society since its inception is its research work. We 
have already published three volumes of "History 
and Reminiscences" and have material well under 
way for the fourth volume. No other Old Settlers' 
Society in the state of Illinois has done this work. 
These books comprise the life story of the pioneer, 
written by himself, together with other matters of 



Address of Welcome 7 

interest to the student of history. Our County 
Superintendent of schools, Mr. Hayes, has recom- 
mended that these books be put into the school 
libraries in our county, that the children may learn 
the stories, traditions and history of those who 
broke the virgin soil, and changed a wilderness of 
prairies into beautiful gardens, felds, and homes 
that they enjoy today. 

Vol. Ill contains an account of a visit of Steph- 
en A. Douglas to Princeville in 1857 written by 
Phronia Owens Hall. It also contains the service 
records of the veterans of the World's War. Vol. II 
contains history of the Horse Thief Detective So- 
ciety and many other thrilling stories, all true. 

At the recurrence of these annual picnics, we 
have somewhat mingled feelings. We note that 
some are not here today that were with us last 
year; and we remember that last year some were 
absent who had been with us the year before; and 
so it is throughout the years. Today, we cannot 
help but recall the shadowed memories of the dear 
ones resting in eternal slumber in our nearby ceme- 
teries. The ranks of the pioneers are growing thin. 
One by one Father Time is beckoning them on. May 
a kind Providence spare them just a little longer 
and may the bright halo of peace, joy, and content- 
ment, consequent upon a well-spent life follow them 
along the journey to the sunset — the twilight — and 
the stars. 

There is a little word of greeting, 

That cheers the heart of all today, 

A word at the Old Settlers' Meeting 

Following the trail of years — all the way. 

It is a word so timely spoken, 

Each syllable — a heart throb sincere; 

Ties that bind are still unbroken, 

And WELCOME is the word to all that's here. 



8 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

GREETINGS FROM STARK COUNTY TO 
PRINCEVILLE OLD SETTLERS 



Address by Mrs. Cecelia Colwell of Wyoming 
Delivered at Princeville Picnic Thursday, 
August 30, 1928 



I am very happy today to be privileged to 
bring to this meeting greetings from Stark county. 
You see I am so placed that I owe a dual allegiance 
to Stark and Peoria counties, and I find it not only 
possible but very pleasurable on an occasion like the 
present. I am a native of Peoria county and while 
my youth was spent in Princeville Township, prac- 
tically all my married life has been in Stark county. 
My older children were graduated from your local 
High school, while the younger ones are pro- 
ducts of the Wyoming Stark county High school. 
My husband's family is one of the real old time set- 
tlers of Stark county — 1836 — while my immediate 
relatives are all of Peoria county all of which ex- 
plains the double allegiance before referred to. 

My early recollections are mostly of the west 
half of Princeville township and of the people who 
foregathered in Monica in the late 70's and early 
80's. Many, many changes have come with the pass- 
ing years but I still have memories of the beauty 
of the Collins girls, the sweet and lovely singing 
voices of the Cook girls and the skill with which 
Alice Gelling accompanied them; of the popularity 
of the Hawver girls, the personality of the Miller 
girls and the capability of the Cowan girls; of Abe 
Conklin's inimitable drollery, the perfect mimicry 
of the Walkingtons, of Frank Goodman's locally 
famous oration on Corn; and of the real scholar- 
ship of Jim Wrigley, although he had never seen the 
inside of a higher place of learning than a district 
school and that for only the meager few winter 
months that at that time was all allowed the aver- 



Greetings from Stark County 9 

age farm boy. These are only a few of the memories 
that come crowding in and I mention them to show 
that I really have been identified with Princeville 
Township. 

Stark County as you probably know is one of 
the smallest counties in Illinois but she holds up 
her head with the best, and not without cause. She 
has almost no urban population in the accepted 
sense — Wyoming being her largest town. Like Peo- 
ria county and I suppose nearly all Illinois her early 
settlers were sturdy pioneers from widely separated 
places, but all possessing the fundamental virtues 
of industry, frugality, thrift and honesty, and they 
prospered accordingly. In proof of this I will point 
to the Irish in Valley, the Scotch in Elmira, and 
settlers from the East mostly from New Jersey, in 
West Jersey — others from different states and 
countries. 

Naturally many of these old families and 
names have disappeared, but the results of their 
untiring efforts are to be seen in the many broad 
and fertile fields, the prosperous towns with their 
beautiful homes, and the really fine churches and 
schools of the county. 

My one regret today is that Mr. Sandham, the 
Grand Old Man of Stark county is unable to be here 
and probably will never meet with you again. I 
realize that I am a poor substitute for him as he is 
a real authority on the early history and the old set- 
tlers of Stark county. However I can and I do ex- 
tend to this association heartiest greetings, good 
will and best wishes from Stark county. 



10 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

IN MEMORY OF THE DAY 

The Fourth at Princeville 

Triumphant Procession to the Grove Back of Widow 

Edwards' House — The Orator of the Day — 

The Dance at Hichcock's Hall 

By PAUL HULL 
(Special to The Chicago Daily News) 

PRINCEVILLE, 111., July 5, 1879. — The 
Fourth-of-July sun rose on Princeville as it always 
does — warm, bright and still. About the peep of 
day, when the sparrows had begun to chirp in the 
maple trees in Doc Marcy's garden, the Klinck 
boys' brass band drove into town in a spring 
wagon. They stopped in front of the American 
House, and Marion and Dug played a cornet duet 
that awakened everybody in the village. A moment 
later the report of a fire cracker was heard. This 
was followed by the roar of the brass cannon on 
the public square, and the day was formally in- 
augurated. 

An old flag waves idly from the top of the lib- 
erty pole, and smaller ones hung, stiff and starchy, 
from in front of Herron's drug store and Uncle 
Johnny Ayling's restaurant. John Hammer, the 
butcher, has been up early and he and Quilla have 
killed a beef critter to feed the many visitors who 
will be here. As the sun rises the citizens begin to 
appear and the town assumes a livelier aspect. 

is the first man on the street. It 

has been a warm night and is dry. Dave 

Herron stands in front of his drug store, erect and 
rigid, his hands behind his back, smoking a cigar. 
He says: "How are you?" emphasizing each word 
to the passers-by. Elmer Hammer yawns as he 
takes down the shutters from the front of Herb 



\ 



In Memory of the Day 11 

Simpson's store, while Fred Beach chews tobacco 
solemnly and stands like a sentinel in the livery 
stable door. By 8 o'clock the country people begin to 
arrive. They exchange greetings with their town 
friends. They haven't seen each other often in the 
past month. The corn has been backward and needed 
plowing. 

At 9 o'clock the train from Peoria arrives 
bringing the more notable visitors. Most prominent 
among these is Eugene Baldwin, of Peoria, the ora- 
tor of the day. Baldwin is a versatile gentleman. 
Although he writes nearly everything in the Peo- 
ria Journal that isn't clipped, he can, at will, ascend 
to the other extreme of literary work, and deliver 
a lecture before a church society or reel off a 
Fourth of July oration. 

Now that he has arrived the triumphant pro- 
cession soon takes up its course toward the grove 
back of the Widow Edwards' house, where the ex- 
ercises of the day are held. The procession is headed 
by the band playing "Wait Till the Clouds Roll By, 
Jennie." The band wagon is beautiful today, being 
covered all over with festoons of evergreens, woven 
by the fair hands of the village maidens. Next in 
order comes the Catholic priest, who is to read the 
Declaration of Independence, riding in the same 
carriage with Baldwin. (Think of it!) Then comes 
John McGinnis and Boss Kerrick in a top buggy. 
McGinnis is the politician of Princeville, and is 
noted for his soft insinuating voice. Mr. Herrick is 
an enterprising gentleman, and a leader in all public 
events in Princeville. He would have been marshal 
of the day and worn a red sash, and ridden a horse, 
but for the fact that there is no horse in town 
strong enough to carry him. He looks tired as he 
sits by McGinnis as the latter is trying to explain 
to him why Ben Butler will not be nominated at 
Chicago. Next come four prancing horses, drawing 
the car containing the goddess of liberty and the 
thirteen original States. These are represented by 



12 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

pretty girls, wearing white dresses and an abund- 
ance of natural flowers. They smile and look ad- 
miringly at each other, and enviously at the god- 
dess who wears a pasteboard crown and is elevated 
above the rest on a goods box. 

According to the printed programmes, "citi- 
zens in carriages" complete the procession. The car- 
riages are principally lumber wagons drawn by 
solid, Clydesdale horses, that prick up their ears 
inquiringly at the sound of the band. The wagons 
are filled with hay, small children, and lunch bas- 
kets, and under each wagon trots a stub-tailed dog. 
At the close of the procession comes Birdsey 
Beach's dray, loaded with ice cream freezers, cases 
of soda water, boxes of candy, crackers and other 
good things with which to stock the refreshment 
stands in the grove. On arriving at the grove the 
band plays "Yankee Doodle," John McGinnis in- 
troduces the reader of the declaration and takes the 
opportunity to say that Ben Butler has no show on 
earth at the Chicago convention, as Peoria county 
is solid against him. Many locally prominent men 
occupy the rostrum. Conspicuous among these is 
Joe Barnum, editor of the Princeville Telephone. 
His coat pockets are full of last week's Telephones, 
while in his hand he carries his subscription book 
and the manuscript of his last communicaton to the 
Peoria Journal. 

The audience is all expectation when Baldwin 
is introduced. They have heard much of him and 
this is his maiden effort at a Fourth of July 
oration. As he proceeds, the oratory narrows 
down to a contest between him, several dozens of 
crying babies, and the caller on the dancing plat- 
form, which adjoins the rostrum. Said Baldwin: 
"The memories of Washington and Jefferson will 



"Forward and back, and swing ladies to place," 
says the caller. 



In Memory of the Day 13 

"We will emulate their example," says Baldwin. 
"We will ." 

"Balance to yer partner and swing 'er all 
around," cries the caller. 

"Why are not the statesmen of today like the 
statesmen of old?" shouts Baldwin. 

"Why don't you dance?" yells the caller. 

It is an unequal match and Baldwin retires. 

After the speech-making the lunches are spread 
on the grass and everybody feasts. The afternoon 
is spent in shooting fire-crackers, riding in the 
"merry-go-round," and dancing on the platform at 
"10 cents a dance." Games are also indulged in, 
and prizes are given the winners. The boy who suc- 
cessfully climbs the greased pole does so after a 
painful struggle, during which the grease runs off 
the boy and the sweat runs down the pole. 

It is said by everybody that Boogey Sheelor 
had the best stand on the grounds. He gave more 
peanuts and red lemonade for a nickle than any 
other merchant. He makes $6.75 "clear money" on 
the day's business and with some of this wealth he 
hires in the evening Fred Beach's gray mare and 
side bar buggy and drives out in the country after 
his girl, to take her to the dance in Hitchcock's 
hall. 

Early in the afternoon the boys from the 
Spoon river country begin to arrive. They come in 
pairs, and drive running horses. They are all strap- 
ping big fellows, and they come to town for a 
racket. They wear slouch hats pulled down over 
their eyes, and red handkerchiefs tied around their 
necks. With their coats off and the outside foot 
hanging between the wheels of the buggy, they 
come into town with their horses on the run, and 
bring up in front of Nate McCready's saloon with a 
"Whoa" that is heard in Akron township. 

The dance in Hitchcock's hall begins early as 
it always does. No less than two hundred couples 



14 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

are present, for this ball is the event of the season 
for the surrounding country. Although the crowd 
is large it is orderly for Frank Hitchcock says: "I 
won't have no monkey business," and Al Wilson's 
big form looms up in the doorway as a warning to 
the hilarious. "Chief" Beach shows himself once in 
a while, and his glittering star reminds the boys 
that the calaboose is just across the street. 

Although it is a hot night everybody dances 
every set, and the handkerchiefs around the boys' 
necks look limp. Charley Fast dances with Cash 
Brockway's wife, while his wife Ida holds the baby, 
and then Ida dances with Cash while Charley holds 
the baby; and then Charley swears its the hottest 
night he ever saw, but adds that he has seen just 
such hot weather as this run on all summer, and 
then turn around and get hotter. 

Not until the sparrows again begin to twitter 
in the maple trees in Doc Marcey's garden do the 
"Arkansas Traveler" and the "Devil's Dream" cease 
to inspire the feet of the dancers. In the early dawn 
Bocgey Sheelor again gets out the gray mare and 
the side bar buggy and takes his girl home, the 
boys from Spoon river give a farewell whoop and 
go" out of town with a furious clatter, everybody 
else goes to bed, and quiet once more falls. 



PRINCEVILLE MARRIAGE BELLS 

(Special to The Chicago Daily News) 

By PAUL HULL 

PRINCEVILLE, 111., Nov. 7, 1889.— The social 
season has fairly opened in Princeville, and the ap- 
proaching winter promises a number of brilliant 
events. In fact, for a year past our society people 
have had much to divert them. Ever since Ed 
Sheelor married Dode Rice last spring the entire 
population of maidens and bachelors seem to have 



Princeville Marriage Bells 15 

turned their attention to marrying and being given 
in marriage. Mr. Sheelor is a son of John Sheelor, 
who, aided by his bay mare Fay, has so success- 
fully carried the mail for the last ten years be- 
tween Princeville and the West Hallock cheese fac- 
tory. He is, also, brother to Boogey Sheelor, whom 
your readers probably remember as being engaged 
in Boss Herrick's harness shop. Miss Dora Rice, the 
bride, is one of Princeville's most beautiful and ac- 
complished daughters. She is also Jim Rice's daugh- 
ter. Jim keeps the hotel, and is the most extensive 
hog buyer in the town. This wedding broke the 
matrimonial ice, so to speak, and marriages came 
thick and fast. 

The next wedding of any importance was that 
of Birdsey Beach to Miss Mary Anderson. Birdsey 
is in partnership with his brother Fred in the livery 
stable. He is also brother to Harlow Beach, the 
policeman. Birdsey's father is old Charley Beach, 
who used to own the white horse Snowdrift. Snow- 
drift is the sire of the brown horse which Charley 
Fast drives on the off side of his sulky plow. This 
marriage occasioned much anxiety on the part of 
Birdsey's distant friends, many of whom wrote to 
him inquiring if his wife was Mary Anderson, "the 
actor woman." To the casual observer this might 
appear to be the case at first thought, but is not 
true. The present Mrs. Beach was born and 
raised in the white oak timber. 

Bob Hammer was the next to catch the fever. 
Bob's marriage was a surprise to everybody. His 
friends always said he was too wild and drank too 
much Milwaukee beer to ever think of getting mar- 
ried; but Bob met his fate. A gentleman named 
Musick came to town with a stock of dry goods 
which he was selling at auction. He brought with 
him his beautiful daughter, Alice. She was cashier 
at the auction sale. Bob attended the sale one night 
and bought a pair of suspenders. When he paid for 
them he met Alice. They loved and that settled it. 



16 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

Bob is keeping a butcher shop now in Al Wilson's 
old stand, next door to Garrison's grocery, and 
lives in the rear of the shop. It was Bob's half sis- 
ter Lillie who married Everett Wear. They live out 
on the Sam Rice farm. (Thos. Robert Metzel, who 
was "Bob Hammer," was married April 23, 1884.) 

Then young Charley Aten, who was always 
thought to have grown too fast, married a Peoria 
lady. But little is known of her, as Charley took 
her up into Michigan somewhere, where his fath- 
er lives. Old Charley is a carpenter, and was a sol- 
dier in the war of the rebellion. He lost a finger in 
the service, and received a pension. 

After this marriage the matrimonial desire per- 
vaded Spankum, a suburb of Princeville. That com- 
munity was one day startled by the announcement 
of the marriage of Bill Bigelow and Lizzie Boyd. 
Lizzie is a daughter of old man Boyd, who lives 
under the big cottonwood tree at the bend of the 
road to the Stump quarter. Mr. Bigelow formerly 
lived in the south end of the township, but since his 
marriage he has been engaged in digging coal for 
George Sandberg. Mrs. Bigelow is several years the 
senior of her husband, and this fact was the occa- 
sion of much gossip among the mischief makers of 
the neighborhood. The idle talk in this regard has 
been quieted by Charley Fast, who declares that in 
matters of this kind it is "different when you both 
love." Among the other recent and notable matri- 
monial alliances in Spankum is that of Tom Debow 
and Miss Kate Sandberg (Dec. 25, 1884,) and 
George Kronick and Miss Nancy Wolf, of Jubilee. 

It is said that all of these young couples are as 
happy as possible, and the Princeville Telephone has 
said editorially of each marriage: "We wish long 
life and happiness to you both." 

An unusual number of social events are in 
prospect. Besides the usual dance on Christmas 
night at Hitchcock's hall, and the Odd Fellows' 
cove oyster supper at the town hall some time after 



Tomorrow 17 

the holidays, there are some special events on the 
programme. Mel Moody has a ground hog in cap- 
tivity, which he has announced will be turned loose 
on the public square Thanksgiving morning. He has 
issued a challenge to fight the ground hog against 
all the dogs in town, barring the white bulldog at 
the livery stable. On the afternoon of the same day 
the livery stable bulldog is to fight a badger, owned 
by a gentleman from Spoon River. The contest is 
for $10 a side and a keg of Peoria beer, the bulldog 
engaging to best or stop the badger in twenty 
minutes. This will probably be one of the most in- 
teresting happenings of the season, and will draw a 
large delegation from the Spoon River country. 

The Presbyterian Mite society has been reor- 
ganized for the winter, with a new set of officers. 
The first regular meeting will be held at the resi- 
dence of Mrs. Godfrey next Saturday afternoon. 
The members are requested to bring with them their 
carpet rags and latest news. There will be a barn- 
raising on Vaughn Williams' place before the snow 
flies. Two barrels of cider are promised on this oc- 
casion. A spelling school is also announced at the 
Akron schoolhouse to occur some time in Febru- 
ary. 

The social programme so far announced is ex- 
pected to keep society on the qui vive throughout 
the winter, while an occasional funeral will add 
zest to the festivities. 



TOMORROW 

By Odillon B. Slane, 1924 

Yesterday is history, 

Today is certainty, 

Tomorrow, they say, is a dream; 

In that mystery, 

Dream of eternity — 

Vision a star in the gleam. 



18 HISTORY AN'D REMINISCENCES 

IN THE GOOD OLD WAY 
CHRISTMAS DAY AT PRINCEVILLE 



The Wonderful Tree in the Methodist Church, the 

Turkey Shoot in Old Man Tracey's Woods, 

and the Dance in Hitchcock's Hall 



By PAUL HULL 

PRINCEVILLE, 111., Dec. 26, 1877.— The vil- 
lage butcher, John Hammer, might have been seen 
the day before yesterday struggling through the 
snow in the direction of the Methodist church, car- 
rying a smile and a sack of flour. The smile was in 
behalf of humanity; the sack of flour was in be- 
half of one of the two poor families in the village. 
The sack was adorned on one side with a beautiful 
blue moon and a green star, and was destined to be 
one of the bright ornaments on the village Christ- 
mas tree. Perhaps nowhere else in the world does 
the custom prevail of hanging sacks of flour on 
Christmas trees, but nothing is impossible in Prince- 
ville. There is but one Christmas tree in Princeville, 
and it is common property. 

About one week ago our Methodist minister 
shouldered his ax and went to the woods. He cut a 
straight hickory tree six inches thick at the base. 
He lopped the branches off smoothly and made the 
piece twenty feet long. This timber was hauled to 
town on a sled. With a carpenter's auger many 
holes were bored into it, and into these holes were 
driven straight poles of variable lengths. Thus a 
symmetrical tree was erected, bearing more 
branches than ever tree grew. On Tuesday all the 
village maidens gathered at the church, and with 
sprigs of evergreen and bits of bright colored paper 
converted the tree from a dull mass of wood to a 
thing of beauty. Tallow candles were also hung lib- 
erally upon its branches. The candles were held in 



In the Good Old Way 19 

place by a novel tin holder, invented and donated by 
Oliver Slane, the tinner. 

On Wednesday the 509 inhabitants of the vil- 
lage carried to the church the presents intended 
for their friends. Everything was hung on the tree, 
from the rubber rattle for Charlie Fast's baby to 
the washtub and winger presented by some charit- 
able ladies to old Mrs. Marley. When the church 
doors were thrown open on Christmas eve the 509 
inhabitants thronged in and viewed the tree with 
more or less satisfaction. It was conceded to be 
fully as beautiful and as heavily laden as the one of 
last year. The minister's daughter sang, accompany- 
ing herself upon the organ. The minister then de- 
livered a long prayer, after which he appointed 
John Bliss and Byron Wear to take the presents 
from the tree, which operation was performed with 
pitchforks, borrowed for the occasion from the 
hardware store. John McGinnis was called on to 
read the names written on the parcels. John has 
performed this duty for years past, the insinuating 
cadence of his voice being well adapted to the pur- 
pose. There was much speculation as to who would 
be the recipient of the first article as it was being 
lifted from the tree. A hush fell upon the audience 
as Mr. McGinnis adjusted his eye glasses. During 
this silence the attention of the audience was for a 
moment directed to Charlie Fast, who, in an audible 
whisper, requested Ida to hold the baby a minute 
while he got a chew of tobacco. 

And thus Princeville received its Christmas 
presents, and if every heart within the little church 
was not made glad the sorrowing ones were not ex- 
pressed among the happy faces that came forth in- 
to the night when the last present had been 
received. 

But there was another duty that claimed the 
attention of the citizens during Wednesday. There 
was a "turkey shoot" down in old man Tracey's 
woods. The "turkey shoot" hardly deserved its 



20 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

name, for those of the contestants in the sport who 
brought home turkeys "shot" them by their skill at 
"seven up" or "pedro." To be sure the "turkey shoot" 
began well, but it came to a sudden close, and re- 
sulted in the projector of the sport getting severely 
thrashed by the irate marksmen. In a wooden box 
thirty feet from the scratch the turkey was placed, 
its head appearing through a hole in the top of the 
box. Six contestants then made up a pool of $1.50 
as compensaion to the proprietor of the turkey. 
The order of shots was then decided by lot, and he 
was owner of the bird who killed it. 

The first party of gentlemen who shot at the 
turkey did so with growing amazement. They made 
up four pools for the owner of the bird, and fired 
four times each, and still the turkey's head ap- 
peared above the box. Then Fred Beach looked 
suspiciously at the gentleman with $6 in his pocket 
as the price of one turkey; Vaughn Williams rubbed 
his spectacles and 'lowed it was "tarnal curus," 
and Jim Rice swore by his Blue Bull filly that there 
was "sumpin wrong bout that 'air bird." Then Fred 
Beach held the owner of the turkey while Jim Rice 
examined the fowl, which he found to be dead, 
with a wire run up through its neck to hold its 
head straight. It is said that the owner of the 
turkey did not attend the dance at Hitchcock's hall 
on Christmas eve. 

This dance was as it always is, a success. There 
was in attendance a large representation of the 
Spoon river gentry, without whose presence any 
social event in Princeville would lack flavor. There 
is a freedom of action and a charming disregard of 
stiff social forms about the gentleman from Spoon 
river that makes his presence almost indispensable 
at a Princeville soiree. The only happening of the 
occasion worthy of mention was the appearance in 
the ball room of Roy Wear in a dress coat. When 
his friends had ceased admiring him he repaired to 
the livery stable and changed his clothes, presenting 



The Poet of Prince ville 21 

the stable boy with the dress coat, minus the 
"pigeon" tail. Another pleasing feature of the ball 
was the revival of some of the old time figures in 
dancing, the favorite quadrille of the evening be- 
ing that one wherein the caller sings: 

The first lady give the right hand 'cross 
Mind you keep your step in time. 

Swing right back, 

Don't be slack, 
Join your hands and balance in a line. 

But the Christmas dawn approaches; the fid- 
dlers' arms grow weary, and tired eyes demand 
sleep. The farmer's boy, bidding his friends good- 
night, walks slowly home along the country lane. 
The moon, swinging from the rim of a silver cloud, 
hangs low in the west and casts its phosphorescent 
glitter on the unbroken fields of snow. The dis- 
tant dog sends up his dismal cry. The barn-yard 
fowl, instinctively divining the coming of the 
dawn, sounds his clear clarion. The huddling quails, 
surprised by approaching footsteps, peep and flut- 
ter along the hedge, while a rabbit, roused from his 
bed of snow, hops easily across the road, where, 
startled by the whistle of the farmer's boy, he sits 
upright and pulsating in the moonlight. 



THE POET OF PRINCEVILLE 



John Bowman Drops Into Verse About an 
After-Dinner Smoke 



(Special to The Chicago Daily News) 

By PAUL HULL 

PRINCEVILLE, 111., Jan. 25, 1888.— Mr. John 
Bowman handed me the following poem yesterday, 
with the request that I send it to the Daily News 



22 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

for publication. I think it is a very good poem, and I 
hope you will publish it: 

AN AFTER-DINNER SMOKE 

Get a good old Havana cigar, 
And a real easy rocking chair, 

And if bills and accounts molest you, 
Blow them off with smoke in the air. 

Let the day be clear, cold, and bright, 

And the sun glinting through trees and 
glass, 

Your chair by a large open fire 

What a pleasant half -hour you can pass. 

Blow the smoke toward the window, 

Look at it curl and twist, 
Held like a cloud in the sunshine, 

Then vanish with the grace of a mist. 

One puff forms lakes and rivers, 
Another is eddies and streams, 

With whirlpools whirling and tumbling, 
Floating off like the mem'ry of dreams. 

Blow one whiff in the fireplace- 



See how quick it follows its kind. 
Has it found more congenial company? 
Or is it forced to fall into line? 

Spit in the fire and see it spatter. 

To others throw trouble and care; 
Let them think they can make this world 

better 

I am best pleased to blow mine in the air, 

You may talk of your tariff and taxes — 
Of Cleveland and Blaine and Lamar — 

But to make this nation contented 
Give us all a good, cheap cigar. 



The Poet of Princeville 23 

That is what I call a pretty fair poem, taking 
everything into consideration. Of course there are 
men who can write better poetry, but then — you 
ought to know John. There isn't a man on earth 
built like him who can write as good poetry as he 
can. He is a great, big, handsome Scotchman, with 
the form and strength of a Hercules. He is a stone 
mason by trade, and a hard worker, but John is a 
"thoroughbred" as Charley Fast says, and you can 
speculate that there are no ants on John. He's a sly 
one, John is — quiet, gentlemanly, never gets into 
any fights or bad company, but don't think for a 
minute that he ever gets left when there's any fun 
on hand. He goes down to Peoria once in a while, 
all by himself, and the Lord only knows what he 
does while he is there. 

I never had any idea John could write poetry, 
but that only proves what I have been trying to 
tell you — that we dont know John. Oh, he's a 
smooth one! 

His poem is open to criticism. I don't suppose 
he would deny that himself. Now to begin with, he 
says, "Get a good old Havana cigar." Where are you 
going to get it? He can't get it in Princeville. There 
never was a Havana cigar sold in the town. Uncle 
Johnny Ayling doesn't keep them nor does Dave Her- 
ron nor Sol Bliss. The best cigar Uncle Johnny sells 
is called the "Nevertire," and Nate McCready keeps 
the "Old 45." Both are good cigars, but neither 
brand is made in Havana. John starts off on a 
rather high key. All poets are liable to do this, but 
he gets back home on the last line when he says: 
"Give us all a good cheap cigar." Now, there's the 
voice of a man. I have heard John utter those very 
words many a time in Nate McCready's place when 
there were six or eight men standing around. He's 
so accustomed to saying this that he couldn't help 
working it into his poem. I thought as I first read 
this poem that he would come down and saw wood 
before he quit, and he has. When a man calls for 



24 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

"a good cheap cigar" in Princeville he is always 
accommodated, but when he talks about "a good 
old Havana" he will have to take the evening train 
for Peoria. 

"Spit in the fire and see it spatter." That's a 
good thought, and the act itself is very entertaining 
when a man is in a meditative mood. Did you ever 
try it? It spatters more than when you spit on a 
red-hot stove, but it spatters a good deal in the 
manner John suggests. You can make a greater 
spatter with a chew of tobacco than with a cigar. 
I guess John didn't think of that. 

There may be weak points in John's poetry, 
but there are none in his muscle. He performed a 
feat of strength here one night that everybody in 
town remembers still. The only three-story build- 
ing in town is the wagon and paint shop that stands 
on the corner by the public well. One night some 
years ago this building caught fire on the first 
floor. We had no fire engine then and fought fires 
with buckets. In case of fire it was considered every 
citizen's duty to yell "Fire!" and bring his horse- 
bucket with him. If he owned a ladder he was ex- 
pected to bring that along with his bucket and his 
voice. When the wagon shop was fired John was 
there, and while the other men were fighting the 
fire he conceived the idea of getting on the roof of 
the building. The longest ladder available reached 
to within about five feet of the eaves of the house. 
John mounted to the top of the ladder, and then 
seizing the edge of the sloping shingle roof with his 
hands drew himself up on the roof. Think of it! 
There is not one man in a million who can do it. Of 
course, he didn't accomplish anything by getting 
to the roof but an exhibition of marvelous strength. 
No water could have been passed to him! he couldn't 
get down the way he got up, and if the building had 
burned he would either have had to stay where he 
was and roast or jump off into the street and 
break every bone in his body. After the fire was 



The Ppet of Princeville 25 

put out two ladders were spliced together, and John 
came down to receive the congratulations of the 
boys and to set up the drinks. 

Now think of a man able to perform a feat like 
that being also able to write poetry! There is no 
doubt that either Lord Tennyson or Mr. Whittier 
can write better, smoother poetry than John, but 
there is no doubt that John can tie Lord Tennyson 
and Mr. Whittier together in a bowknot and throw 
them over the back fence. 

(The following comments on the above are 
contributed by Mr. Bowman. — Editors) 

It seems to be up to me now to make some ex- 
planation of this. I thought it was dead and in its 
grave, because when Paul made a story and a joke 
out of it, I made up my mind it was another of my 
failures and I kept it a dead secret from the folks. 
Now here is Brother O. B. Slane, one of the guests 
at my 80th birthday, with Paul Hull's old scrap 
book, reading the whole thing out to the other 
guests as an after-dinner joke on me, and I must 
say as to that it was a success. 

You see Paul and I had smoked cigars together, 
clinked glasses at the same bar, dealt cards at the 
same table, etc., and he had progressed from 
Princeville to the Chicago Daily News. I must have 
had a sentimental spasm and tried poetry, expect- 
ing Paul to give me a square deal and I guess he 
did, but I remember well what my feelings were 
when I got the paper. I had my mind made up to 
give him a good licking the next time I saw him. 

Well, two or three months after that he was 
down in Princeville and going into Hitchcock's saloon 
one day, there sat Paul, Charley Fast, Fred Beach, 
Frank Hitchcock and others, and when I had 
grasped Paul's outstretched hand and looked into 
all those hilarious faces, I couldn't do anything but 
say, "Well, boys, what are you going to have — it's 
on me." 



26 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

I don't want to spoil a good joke but do hate to 
see it get too far from the truth when the thing is 
passed to others. In the first place that ladder was 
within about 3V2 feet of the roof — at any rate I got 
both arms and one leg on the roof before I threw 
myself clear of the ladder. As I remember now, I 
made it easily. Second, that building was not on 
fire at all. The fire was at the German buildings 
across the street and the burning shingles were 
blowing onto that old roof. The first story of it 
was a wagon shop, the second a paint shop and 
the third was the Masonic lodge, of which I was a 
member, and we Masons were alarmed about our 
records and paraphernalia. After I got up they 
threw me a rope and I hauled water up and kept the 
roof from taking fire. I know the heat was so great 
I had to keep mostly on the north side of the roof. 

JOHN BOWMAN. 

(Note — Joe German says the fire was June 26, 
1875.) 

POLITICS AT PRINCEVILLE 

By PAUL HULL 
(Special to The Chicago Daily News) 

PRINCEVILLE, 111., July 12, 1884.— Bill Alter 
went into the post office last night, just after sup- 
per. Bill is a quiet citizen, who finds more compan- 
ionship in a plug of tobacco than in anything else. 
He is one of our most important personages, being 
telegraph operator, ticket agent, baggagemaster, 
and express agent at the depot. As he walked into 
the post office there was a sly smile on his face, 
which extended clear down into his black beard. 
Arch Edwards, the postmaster, was at that 
moment selling a slate pencil to a little girl. 

"Arch," said Bill, "if you'll give me a good 
cigar I'll tell you the news." 

"I'll go you once if I lose," said Arch, and he 
handed out a fat 5-cent cigar. Bill lit it, puffed out 
a long cloud of smoke, and said: 



Politics at Princeville 27 

"Cleveland and Hendricks have been nomi- 
nated." 

"Oh, ho!" said Arch; "they have, eh? Well 
that's about what I expected all the time," and he 
came from behind the counter, walked to the door, 
and looked up and down the street. He was looking 
for someone to whom to tell the news. The dusk 
of the evening had come, and the street was al- 
most deserted. Not a farmer's wagon could be seen 
anywhere. A barefooted boy drove a cow past the 
post office. The boy asked Arch for a stick of 
chewing gum. A robin sang in the top of the Cot- 
tonwood tree back of the milliner shop. A hog 
grunted complacently, and rooted among the pea- 
nut shells in front of Uncle Johnny Ayling's restau- 
rant. The dog fennel waved luxuriantly in the 
street, where 100 years ago, the wild fox bur- 
rowed his hole unmolested, and could do so again, 
if he only knew it. There was no one in sight. 

"I must tell Boss Herrick," said Arch, and he 
walked up to the harness shop. The Boss had his 
specs on, and was sitting astride of a "horse," 
stitching a tug. "Cleveland and Hendricks have been 
nominated, Boss," said Arch. The Boss looked over 
his specs without saying a word. He laid down his 
awl and wax, took off his apron, came to the door, 
looked up and down the street, and said: "Where's 
John McGinnis?" Then he went with Arch back to 
the post office and on their way they called Lawyer 
Hopkins, who joined them. On his way back to the 
depot Bill Alter had spread the news, and quite 
a crowd soon gathered at the post office. Joe Bar- 
num, editor of The Telephone, sat at his office 
window writing an editorial on Baldwin's Fourth 
of July oration, but when he saw the crowd gather- 
ing he also joined it. Charley Fast drove into town 
about this time. He hitched his bay mare to a post 
and, after he had carried the baby to the hotel and 
given it over to its grandmother he came back to 
discuss the situation. 



28 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

"What do the big newspapers say about the 
political outlook, Joe?" said one of the crowd ad- 
dressing Mr. Barnum. 

"Well, nothing definite, as yet," said Joe, as- 
suming a wise aspect. "It is too early yet, but they 
will all get down to work in a week or two. Wait till 
the patent insides of next week's Telephones come 
down from Chicago and I will be able to tell you 
about how the election will result." 

There was a short pause here, while two ladies 
came in to get their mail. 

"I think Cleveland is a strong man," said Ves 
Slane. "He was elected to some office in New York 
three or four years ago by 100,000 Republican ma- 
jority, and I think that ought to fix him for being 
president." 

"Who is this feller Cleveland, anyway?" said 
Charley Fast. "I never heard of him before this 
campaign. He must be a kind of a mushroom poli- 
tician. He came up quick, and he'll die just as 
quick, I'm a bettin.' He's a pretty decent sort of a 
fellow, though, I guess. I was down to Peoria the 
other day and I saw one of his pictures hanging in a 
saloon window. He's fat and looks like Doc Wilson 
of Peoria. You all know Doc to be as good a fellow 
for a politician as there is in the country." 

This was listened to with much interest, and 
some speculation followed as to Mr. Cleveland's 
social character and personal appearance. 

"I wish they had nominated Ben Butler," said 
Dimick French. "He's smarter than the whole of 
them. And then all of us country Democrats know 
Ben, and I'll be blamed if many of us know Cleve- 
land. I liked Ben's platform first rate, too; speci- 
ally that part of it where he wanted to tax all the 
luxuries brought over from the old country and let 
in the common things free." 

"I don't see but what that's square and right. 
And yet the convention set down on Ben and his 



Politics at Princeville 29 

platform like he had been an outsider and had no 
business there. Our party is always talking about 
reform and tariff reform, and yet we never get 
there, some way or another. If they don't call Ben's 
resolutions reform I don't know what they want." 
And Dimick sighed. 

"I was reading in the Daily News yesterday 
about some of the delegations passing resolutions 
about sumptuary laws," said Arch Edwards. 

"What in the tarnal is a sumptuary law, Joe?" 

All eyes were turned toward Mr. Barnum, who, 
as editor of the paper, was supposed to give a 
prompt and satisfactory answer to this poser. Joe 
again assumed a wise look, turned his face up 
thoughtfully, and said: "A sumptuary law is a law 
to regulate the importation and sale of sumptuary 
things. Sumptuary is a Latin word and means 
about the same as sumptuous — high living, rich for 
the blood, you know." 

"Oh yes!" said everybody in chorus. 

"Hendricks is a well-known man," said Boss 
Herrick, "and I expect he will strengthen the ticket 
in Indiana. Although I am a Republican, I think a 
great deal of Hendricks, and I understand " 

"Indade, Mister Hindricks is a dacent mon," 
said Pat Culley, who had just come in and lit his 
pipe. "There's a frind of moine visitin' me from In- 
deana, an' he tills me that Mister Hindricks is a 
foine mon, shure. He'll be a-drivin' along the 
sthreet in his harse an' boogy, in Indenapolic, an' 
he'll see a poor mon, an' he'll sthop an' give 
'im a doime. An' thin he'll drive along a little fur- 
ther, an' he'll see a little b'y, er a little gairl a- 
croyin', an' shure, he'll sthop an' take em in his 
boogy an' gev 'em a ride. That's the kind of a mon 
we want for prisedint. Shure, I niver wud have 
voted for Mister Hindricks if it hadn't a-been for 
me friend from Indeana." 

During the short silence which followed Pat's 
remarks a voice was heard far down the street 



30 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

shouting "No, sir! no sir! They'll never get there 
in the world!" This was followed by a laugh which 
caused a smile of recognition from the crowd in the 
post office. 

"There comes John McGinnis," said a dozen 
voices. "Now we'll get it." John was soon in the 
midst of them, smiling. He took off his hat, 
laughed, and scratched his head. "I've heard it, 
I've heard it," he said, "and I never was better sat- 
isfied in my life. Why, it will be the greatest walk- 
away for the Republican party that you ever heard 
of. Now, if it had been Bayard or Thurman with 
Slocum I might have had some doubt; but to head 
their ticket with Cleveland, who is nothing but a 
political accident, is too good! Why gentlemen, I 
have been playing the part of a political physician 
for twenty years, and I have studied the physical 
condition of the Democratic party. It used to have 
a healthy body and sound limbs, but year after 
year its sinews have weakened, and it broke a ham- 
string when Tilden dropped out. Let me tell you 
that the Democratic party is almost a corpse. When 
the cold winds of next November strike its emaci- 
ated frame, it will yield up its life; and, gentlemen, 
by the mustache of John A. Logan, I will assist in 
giving it a decent burial!" 

;When the applause had died Arch locked up 
the post office, and the crowd went home. The 
moonlight shone down upon the dog-fennel in the 
street, and the tall liberty-pole pointed heaven- 
ward, like a long finger, calling the moon's atten- 
ion to the fact that Princeville was there. 



Torches ant> Oil C?oth 31 

TORCHES AND OIL CLOTH AND A SPEECH 
FOR CLEVELAND 



Mr. John Corbett Addresses the Democratic Hosts 
... of Princeville Township and the Campaign 
is Opened — The Result of Political 
Calumny 



Bv PAUL HULL 



(Special to The Chicago Daily News) 

PRINCEVILLE. 111., Sept. 6. 1884.— The 
Democrats of Princeville and township opened the 
campaign here last night in a vigorous manner. 
Twenty-four couples of staunch Democrats wearing 
black oil cloth capes and carrying torches, left 
Hitchcock's hall at 7 o'clock and paraded down one 
street of the town and up the other. The procession 
was headed by Frank Hitchcock, fifer. Quilla Ham- 
mer, snare drummer, and Jonah Pratt, bass drum- 
mer, playing "The Rocky Road to Dublin." Carried 
at the head of the column was a transparency, 
reading : 

The Democratic Party 
The White Man's Party 

This transparency is a relic of war times, and 
was found recently in Hitchcock's hall, when a new 
floor was laid. It was remarked with some appre- 
hension by the Republicans that large as was the 
procession there were no boys among its mem- 
bers, every one being a voter. The demonstration 
proper took place on the public square. A bonfire 
of goods boxes and dry dog-fennel was started and 
when it was well under way Mr. John Corbett, 
formerly a leading citizen of Princeville, but now a 
resident of Peoria, where he is identified with the 



32 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

Democratic leaders, was introduced as the orator of 
the occasion. He reviewed the political situation 
throughout the country, and dwelt largely upon the 
indications of Democratic success at the November 
election. He sad that, although it mght not be 
generally known by his former townsmen, the 
south was solid for the Democratic ticket. The peo- 
ple of that section, he declared, knew little of Mr. 
Cleveland, but they stood in, hand and glove, with 
Mr. Hendricks. They were thoroughly conversant 
with the war record of that grand old statesman; 
they knew his secret love for the institutions of the 
confederate government — conceived in pride, 
aborted in blood — and they, as a people, would 
vote for him as one man. He claimed for the 
Democrats the states of New York, New Jersey, 
Connecticut, Ohio, Indiana and Wisconsin, and 
thought that these states, with a solid south, would 
give the Democratic party a majority in the elec- 
toral college, despite the frauds that would be prac- 
ticed by the Republican machine. He reminded his 
hearers that the gains in these states might be off- 
set by the republican majorities in Dakota, Alaska, 
Arizona, New Mexico and Lower California. 

Here John McGinnis who has become notorious 
for his attempts to break up every Democratic 
meeting held in this township for years cried out: 
"What's the matter with Maria Halpin?" 

"There's nothing the matter with Maria, Mc- 
Ginnis," retorted the speaker, his eyes flashing and 
his lip curling like a pumpkin vine in the sun. "At 
least there's nothing the matter with her now; and 
I think it is a darned mean trick for a man like you, 
with no children, to throw stones at Cleveland." 
This was greeted with loud cheers, while Mr. Cor- 
bett drank deeply from a tin bucket. 

"I am glad this scandal about Mr. Cleveland 
has been brought out," resumed the speaker. "The 
Republicans think by it to do him harm, but on the 
contrary it will win him votes. You have an ex- 



Torches and Oil Clothes 33 

ample before you, Democrats of Princeville Town- 
ship, in the case of a certain democratic road sup- 
ervisor elected in your township some years ago. 
You know that his enemies circulated reports at 
that time reflecting upon his conduct with his hired 
girl. What was the result? Knowing that he had 
shown himself to be a gallant gentleman in the mat- 
ter referred to, and that he had done exacly what 
you all would do should the opportunity present it- 
self, you stood by him and elected him by the usual 
majority. And, now, shall the Democrats of this 
country set themselves up as such models of virtue 
that they can conscientiously criticise Grover 
Cleveland? Cries of "No! no!" and "You bet your 
life!" Let every Democratic kettle beware how it 
calls the pot black-face. (Applause.) To my mind, 
this little incident in Mr. Cleveland's life proves him 
to be a man of energy and nerve, just the sort of 
man we want at the head of a great nation. And 
now gentlemen I must close. Work earnestly 
throughout the campaign. Let your watchword be: 
"The Cleveland men of Princeville township must 
stand together," and flaunt this device upon your 
banners: "In hoc lignum vitae." 

Amid tremendous applause Mr. Corbett again 
drank from the tin bucket, wiped his brow, and 
mingled with the crowd, shaking hands with every- 
body. Later in the evening a reception was tendered 
him at the post office, where a collation, consist- 
ing of sardines, cove oysters and sweet crackers, 
was laid on the counter. Several bottles of pop, a 
box of 5-cent cigars, and three bunches of cigar- 
ettes were opened. 

The political situation in Princeville is such as 
to imperatively demand great activity on the part 
of the Democrats. Ever since the first administra- 
tion of Grant they have held undisputed sway with 
a strong majority of four votes in the township, 
and have allowed the Republicans to do all of the 
public speaking and to engineer all of the torchlight 
processions. But time has wrought changes, Oliver 



34 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

Moody, an old time Democrat and township tax 
collector, has of late years become a Prohibitionist. 
Early in this campaign he declared himself for 
Oglesby for governor, and chagrined his friends by 
announcing that his presidential preferences were 
with the republicans. This was bad enough but Ossa 
has been piled on Pelion. Tom Slane, whose political 
roots ran as deep in Democratic soil as any man's, 
traded horses with Charley Fast last spring. With 
Charley's usual foresight, Tom got in the trade an 
old horse that was hip-shot, wind-broken and had 
the stringhalt, besides being a "weaver." When he 
discovered these bad qualities he was anxious to 
"trade back," and it was here that Charley dis- 
played a political sagacity worthy of a Tilden. He 
agreed to take back his horse and to vote for the 
Democratic nominee for school trustee if Tom 
would vote Republican for president. In a moment 
of political dim vision Tom signed a written agree- 
ment to this effect. What the consequences have 
been can be readily seen. There is a dead-lock in 
the township and the destiny of a great nation 
trembles in the balance. Under these circumstances 
it is not strange that there is talk of political cor- 
ruption. In fact, the Republicans do not deny it, 
and carry on high handed bribery without a blush. 
The Republican leaders here are making a strong 

effort to influence the vote of , a 

prominent democrat. The bribes which have been 
offered this gentleman have increased from one 
drink to ten gallons of whiskey, and it is thought 

that as Mr. is no more than human he 

cannot long withstand this strain. The democrats 
still have hope of retaining his vote, for when ap- 
proached on the subject he gently closes his off 
eye and remarks: "In politics, as in life, gentlemen, 
the still sow gets the swill." 

Note: Yes, it is true John Corbett was a Re- 
publican in his later years, but at the time of this 
speech, he was a democrat. 



Breaking the Trail 35 

BREAKING THE TRAIL 

By Mary Epperson Gillin, 1928 

We followed the Trail toward the sunset 

And travelled o'er hillside and vale; 
We rode through city and hamlet, 

Nor paused to hark to their tale. 
Over deserts of rocks — God-forsaken — 

We shrank with fear from the sight — 
But the Trail wound ONWARD and UPWORD 

Like ribbons of steel in the light. 

Up the mountains we climbed where the storm 
clouds 

Had gathered to sorrow and weep — 
Then back once again to the desert 

That never a harvest may reap! 
We were many a mile from the corn fields, 

The orchards, and fields of wheat; 
We had crossed the plains, the desert of sands 

And will rest where the wild surges beat. 

"Who blazed the Trail?" did I dream it? 

Or maybe a whispered thought — 
But I saw through the "haze" of the distance, 

Before me the men that had wrought, 
And had left their "Mark" that another 

Might easier find the Trail — 
They seemed like the "host of Gideon" — 

And they knew not HOW to fail! 

They move ahead with grim courage — 

They make no pause to weep — 
The Trail is marked by the "unmarked dead" 

That will never awake from their sleep — 

Who FIRST blazed the trail to the sunset, 
Whose feet pressed the sod where it winds? 

Could we call them to once again journey 
What changes, today, would they find! 



36 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

The Trails that begirt like a ribbon — 

The Highways from Sea unto Sea — 
Were once but a path full of danger 

Where Death lurked continually. 
Then Faith travelled first in her sandals 

And left the Pathway marked "RED;" 
Courage followed right soon thereafter — 

Left bleaching her bones there instead! 

Skill took up the task and calling 

The ends of the earth to her aid, 
She marshalled AN ARMY OF WORKMEN- 

Both tools and the trail were then made. 
Skill took the ore from the mountains — 

The rocks from the "lasting hills" — 
She tapped Earth's secret fountains 

And power gushed forth at her will. 

Then hail — all hail to the "vanguard" 

That so valiantly lead the way; 
When the Path is beset with danger 

The Price of Progress they pay! 
For whatever of skill, or of learning, 

Or knowledge of Earth or of Sky — 
The Trail has been "blazed" by someone 

That was never afraid to die! 

Oh the Faith, and the Skill, and the Courage 

That have charted the Earth and the Sky- 
Men follow the course of the eagle 

And make them wings to fly. 
Yet ever the trail leads UPWARD, 

ONWARD though none may know 
But the Trail leads on to the Sunset 

And the Light is the Sunset Glow. 



Locial Life in Monica 37 

SOCIAL LIFE IN MONICA DURING THE "80'S" 

By Stewart Campbell, 1929 

(Historical value can hardly be claimed for 
pictures of a time so recent that any middle-aged 
person in the neighborhood could draw the same 
pictures from memory. But we who are fifty years 
old shall see the years blow away like leaves in the 
wind; these reminiscences are here written out with 
the purpose that they may be preserved against 
the day when there shall be none left who could 
tell them, and with the hope that some day some 
one further down the procession may read them 
with interest.) 

There is a sense in which the social life of 
Monica in the 80's and early 90's was not as it is 
now. In so far as people's activities are ordered by 
the means at their disposal, times change. In so far 
as their activities spring from their inner desires, 
it is as it was in the beginning, is now and ever 
shall be. The children in the 80's prattled and 
played, the young folks had their parties and their 
courtships, the old folks delighted in companion- 
ship and made merry or kept sedate each according 
to his bent. It is our purpose to show how people 
shaped their social needs to the circumstances of 
those times, to draw pictures for those who wonder 
how there could have been any fun before there was 
any automobile, any radio, any phonograph, any 
telephone, not even a basketball game! 

There was in Monica no electrical device of any 
kind except the telegraph at the depot and a few 
toy magnets; no gasoline was used except a little 
iin cooking stoves; musical instruments were a few 
(organs, fewer pianos, plenty of violins; every child 
jhad a "harp" which cost ten cents, one of the 
|school boys had a portable hand organ that worked 
Jwith paper rolls carrying holes and slots — forerun- 
ner of many more modern mechanical players. 
'Transportation? Most farmers had buggies and all 



38 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

had wagons. No, we did not very often go as far 
away as Wyoming; Peoria was accessible only by 
the Q freight which so ran that the round trip 
could be made in a day. There were special trains 
for fairs, picnics, Fourth of July sometimes, big 
political rallies, camp meeting, circus, and what not. 
But these things are not the real difference be- 
tween then and now. 

The real difference is that not being able to go 
away somewhere and kid ourselves into thinking 
somebody was entertaining us, we entertained our- 
selves. We made our own music and fun, we got up 
our own entertainments, we made many more so- 
cial occasions. It was a time of self-expression. 

Without further comment let us recall in 
simple narrative some of the ways in which people 
got together and enjoyed the getting. 

They danced. Whenever didn't young people 
dance? The Monica dances were not elaborate, but 
they were frequent There was not always an or- 
chestra for plenty of the home boys could and did 
play the fiddle. The dance then was essentially as 
it is now. They danced in public halls, in houses, in 
new barns, on temporary platforms at public 
gatherings. Too often they drank whiskey and 
fought. And they didn't go home till morning. 

There was a good deal of religious prejudice 
against the dance, and many young people who 
wouldn't dance had house parties at which they 
did other things. There were dancing games over 
which there was much argument as to whether one 
mightn't as well dance: Skip to my Lou, Old Dan 
Tucker, Hey-Jim-Along, Buffalo Girls, We'll All Go 
Down to Rouser's, and many more. There were 
Needle's Eye and a dozen other games designed to 
give the boys a chance to kiss the girls — and the 
girls a chance to be kissed. Some folks objected to 
that too; somebody is always taking the joy out of 
life. There were yet other games without end. What 



Social Life in Monica 39 

mattered the game, the young folks were as- 
sembled and they had a good time. 

There were plays, little home talent dramas. 
These were not equal in artistic standard to what 
appear now in (some) movies; but they drew out 
more self-expression than the paying of 35e to see 
somebody else act. And they added immeasurably 
more to community life. There was a great social 
gain in both the final performance and in the many 
meetings for preparation. 

The Ladies Aid was a very live organization. It 
usually met every two weeks. All the women and 
little children went, and they consumed an awful 
lot of chicken and mashed potatoes. The women 
sewed, the hostess furnishing the work, which was 
a great help to her in the days when ready-made 
clothing of any sort was almost unheard of. The 
hostess paid a nominal fifty or seventy-five cents 
for the work, which money went to the church. 
The amount of fun and neighborhood good feeling 
which came out of this society was incalculable. 
Now and then some incident would vary the pro- 
gram, e. g., one time one of the men went for his 
wife just as the party was breaking up and there 
was the usual question of "Who wants it next?" 
Nobody seemed to have any sewing ready. Mr. H. 
said he would take it, furnish the work and pay the 
fee. No doubt Mrs. H. had to get the dinner, but it 
is on record that it was a long time before she had 
to do any patching for her men folks. 

The Methodist church was largely the center 
of the neighborhood social life. The entertainments 
at Christmas time, Easter and Children's Day were 
much more elaborate than in later years. For Chil- 
dren's Day especially the church was always gayly 
decorated. There were enormous quantities of wild 
and potted flowers, unbelievable yards of festoons 
of white and red clover and other blossoms woven 
by the children, in every window a cage of canaries ; 
one year there was even a parrot who occupied a 



40 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

place behind the pulpit and enlivened the occasion 
by remarks that cost her any future invitations. 
The preparation for these events took much time 
that is now absorbed by modern inventions, but 
there was no expense for gasoline and the results 
in community spirit were very great. 

One of the church activities of that day that is 
now entirely gone was the "festible" as many of the 
children and some of the adults called it. There 
were always at least two each year, one at the 
height of the strawberry season and one as soon as 
settled cold weather turned the thoughts of men 
to oysters. There might be an ice-cream festible' 
most any time in summer, and there was always ice 
cream along with the strawberries. The ice cream: 
was home-made by hands of varying skill, and the* 
recipe, too, varied according to who was in charge' 
and what material was availble. How the joy of: 
eating it could have been as great as the joy ofi 
making it is hard to understand, but there is no 
doubt that it was. i 

The festible was always held at a hall and whilei 
there might be some games or stunts the occa- 
sion was not primarily one for entertainment, but 
for eats and informal conversation. Everybody ofi 
all ages was there, everybody ate whatever was 
being served and paid the standard price. There 
was a stand at which confectionery and peanuts] 
could be had, sacked in five-cent lots. At the close] 
of the evening there was always an auction of the 
surplus cakes and other provisions. By the time] 
this was over most of the little children were fast] 
asleep, on the benches about the room; to wake 
and wrap them for the journey home was no small 
task for the parents and no small misery for the 
children, but it was all part of the game. And the 
young folks saw each other home and hoped the 
next festible would come soon. 

Since this is a discussion of social life in the 
broadest sense of the term, the revivals and camp 



Social Life in Monica 41 

meetings should be included. One can easily be- 
lieve that the present generation with its high 
standards of charity and business ethics and gen- 
eral sensitiveness to right and wrong is at heart at 
least as religious as any that has preceded it ; but it 
knows little of the emotional expression of a gen- 
eration ago. 

The winter revival was never omitted in Mon- 
ica. Sometimes the preacher conducted the meeting 
personally with such help as he could get from 
leighboring pastors, sometimes he called in an 
'evangelist" or two. If there were two, one was 
lsually a singer, perhaps man and wife. The meet- 
ngs began after farm work was done and lasted 
several weeks. There would be preaching nearly 
every night and often an afternoon meeting too. 
The country folks came in for the day meetings, 
ind part of each family would go home for the 
mores, returning at evening. Others of the family 
vould stay for supper with town friends and some 
)f the aged country folks would often stay all 
light, especially if the weather was bad. And so, 
uiite aside from the religious side of it the revival 
:ontributed much to the friendly sociability of 
leighbors. 

The camp meeting was the summer revival. It 
asted about ten days, including two Sundays. 
?here was one camp ground at Wyoming and 
.nother at Oak Hill. There were board cottages, 
acilities for tenting, a dining hall where meals were 
I erved to all who chose to board there for one or 
lore meals, a place for services called The Taber- 
acle, and a corral with mangers for the horses of 
hose who drove in. Many preachers and laymen 
sed the camp meeting as a time of summer vaca- 
ion. Various meetings of different church societies 
nd activities were scheduled to be held at this 
ime and place. These meetings and the frequent 
ermons and devotional services were of course 
rimarily religious, but they certainly made con- 



42 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

tribution to the social needs of the people who at- 
tended. Sunday was the big day. The final death of 
camp meeting as an institution was due to the sub- 
mergence of the religious in the festal use of Sun- 
day, despite all the efforts of church authorities to 
stem that tide. There are now no neighborhood 
meetings which draw such crowds as a Sunday at 
camp meeting. Most young couples and many 
families hitched the horses to buggy or wagon early 
Sunday morning and started for Oak Hill. Every 
road for miles around was the scene of a proces- 
sion. At the grounds the crowd of people and of 
horses and vehicles was too large to be quiet; be- 
sides there were too many who were there not for 
reverence but for holiday. There was an admission 
fee for man and beast, which was necessary, but it 
commercialized the meeting. There was horse rac- 
ing en route and it was hard to prevent the drink- 
ing of hard liquor even within hearing of the 
preacher's voice. Sheriffs recognized the need of 
policing the meetings on Sunday. The church 
authorities finally tried closing the gates on Satur- 
day night and admitting no Sunday comers. But 
the once useful camp meeting no longer served 
sufficiently either religious or social need. 

In those days young folks went to district 
school to a greater age than they do now, and about 
the school in a general way centered several social 
activities. The most important of these was the 
literary or debating society. This was a survival 
or resurrection of the old Lyceum. There was for 
many years at intervals at least such a society at 
the Nelson school. This tended later to centralize 
into Monica. The society met at the school house 
weekly, probably on Tuesday evenings throughout 
the fall and winter. The objects were entertainment 
and intellectual benefits. There was a program 
which was the best the home talent could afford, 
music, essays, declamations, readings, and always a 
debate. The arguments often were not deeper than 



Social Life in Monica 43 

store counter or goods box harrangues, but they 
were always very much in earnest and they were 
conducted formally and in strict accord with par- 
liamentary usage. The best men debated, they took 
their part seriously and prepared by reading all the 
meager material available. Many a good book fil- 
tered into a home because the man of the house 
wanted to put up a creditable debate. The women 
took no part in debate, but the program committee 
with an eye to the future supply of debaters fre- 
quently assigned one boy to each side, and those 
boys who would, got some training in forensics. 
The writer's introduction to a debating career of 
many years was in the Monica literary society, on 
the merits of prohibition — a question v/hich is said 
to be claiming yet some attention. Most of the ques- 
tions debated were timely issues of politics or pub- 
lic policy, serious questions of philosophy, import- 
ant local discussions, worth-while historical mat- 
ters. The tariff, government ownership of rail- 
roads, greenbacks and banking, the military skill 
of Grant versus that of Lee, the good or harm done 
by Oliver Cromwell or Napoleon. This last was in 
principle a favorite subject, many great characters 
being drafted for defense and criticism. Even, Re- 
solved: That man will do more for the love of gold 
than for the love of woman, was debated in all 
seriousness. Not so much has been said about the 
lighter parts of the program which were put on by 
the young folks, but they were worth while. They 
did not reach the artistic standard of things we 
can buy now, but they were sincere, they were 
self expressive, and in both delivery and prepara- 
tion they were socially important. These programs 
were attended to the full capacity of the school 
house week after week all fall and winter for some 
years. 

Unfortunately the older men threw the mak- 
ing of programs onto younger shoulders too rapid- 
ly. The younger program makers, probably mostly 



44 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

because of inefficiency, let the work degenerate 
into frivolity. The literary society died not long 
after the debate on Resolved: That a smoking 
chimney is worse than a scolding wife. 

The spelling bee had not entirely died out at 
this time. There were a number of such evenings 
sponsored by the literary society. This was just as 
fertile a social event in Monica, Illinois as it was in 
Hooppole Township, Posey County, Indiana, of 
Hoosier Schoolmaster fame. 

Lodges had small part in Monica life. The 
Masons and Oddfellows and others belonged in 
other towns. The Modern Woodmen were not or- 
ganized here until at the close of the period dis- 
cussed. There was for a short time a chapter of 
the Independent Order of Good Templars who fos- 
tered temperance and prohibition. The disrespect- 
ful said that the initials stood for I Often Get 
Tight: even in that golden age there were those 
who scorned the thought of curtailing personal lib- 
erty for the sake of the common weal. The lodge 
with its ritualistic meetings was a rallying place 
for those who believed in a cause that was already 
making more rapid progress than either friend or 
foe at that time supposed. But other organizations 
soon proved to be serving the cause more efficiently 
and the I. O. G. T. soon passed out. 

This mention of a temperance society leads to 
the saddest picture in Monica life. Although the 
day was past when no threshing or harvest or barn 
raising could be had without Little Brown Jug, and 
drunkenness was no longer respectable, still there 
was an awful lot of drinking. There was during one 
year in the late 80's an open saloon in Monica, and 
there never was a time when liquor could not be had 
illegally, to say nothing of saloons in Princeville 
and Brimfield. Individual cases of drunkenness 
could be seen almost any time and there were 
families in even little Monica who never knew when 



Social Life in Monica 45 

the father's home coming was to be dreaded. Every 
holiday or public celebration was the signal for 
whole gangs to get drunk. Those honest souls, and 
many of them are honest, who think that condi- 
tions are worse now after nine years of legal if not 
yet actual prohibition than they were forty years 
ago simply are either young or forgetful. We will 
not draw the painful picture of the Monica of the 
middle 90's that had in sheer self defense to or- 
ganize a Law and Order League because of acts 
done by men who, let us hope for their own sakes, 
were not sober. 

This is not preaching or propaganda. We are 
drawing pictures of life in Monica at a certain time, 
and all who were here then know that these pic- 
tures are accurate. There is still drinking in Monica, 
but it is not so prevalent as to require a Law and 
Order League to make the streets safe, or to make 
possible peaceful meetings after dark. And all who 
are here now know that this picture too is ac- 
curate. Honest people may differ in their explana- 
tion of the cause, but every old resident knows 
that here at least things are NOT "worse under 
prohibition." 

We are not here concerned v/ith whether men 
took more or less interest in politics forty years 
ago, but they certainly got more social kick out of 
a campaign. Each party had its local clubs in every 
hamlet, and there were such gatherings of men as 
the radio has no doubt ended forever. Democrats 
and Republicans had their clubs who marched in 
uniform in torch light processions. A rally in Mon- 
ica would bring all the faithful from Princeville on 
foot in uniform and with band and torches. A rally 
in Princeville called for a return visit. There were 
flag poles in Monica from one hundred to one hun- 
dred forty feet high at different times, the idea 
probably being that he loved the Stars and Stripes 
best who raised them nearest the sky. It really did 
make a Republican heart swell against the vest 



46 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

buttons to see Old Glory some hundred feet or more 
in the air, with a Harrison and Morton streamer 
just underneath. It made little Republican boys 
carry chips on their shoulders and little Democrat 
boys do just what little Democrat boys should be 
expected to do under the circumstances. 

All this was preliminary to the big meeting 
in hall or out of doors where the spell binders 
pointed with pride and viewed with alarm and 
screamed and pled and promised. And if there was 
a candidate for high office scheduled for a speech 
in Galesburg or Peoria there would be special trains 
and the marching clubs would fill the torch and put 
in a new wick and don the uniform if there was one 
that year, and go to the city and join in long night 
parade supposedly to encourage one's own party, 
and overawe the enemy; but really because every- 
body thought it was fun; and it was. 

After the election there was the ratification 
meeting. This came a day or more afterward be- 
cause there was no radio or telephone to send 
everybody the news as fast as a few scattered pre- 
cincts were counted. The result might be guessed by 
a few at the telegraph office but mostly the news 
came next day. Then the rally with its big bonfire 
with the defeated side out in the shadows. 

But to return to the everyday diversions. 

There was roller skating. This craze swept 
America as completely as did Mah Jong and Bunco, 
and it lasted longer. The then hall in Monica, the 
present Woodman Building had at that time its 
fitting up with the fine hard maple floor laid entire- 
ly around the room so that the skater would at no 
time skate across the grain of the wood. The man- 
ager charged an admission fee and he had skates 
to rent or you could "roll your own." 

There were picnics at Jubilee, at Slackwater, 
and other places within driving distance. Of course 
it took longer to get there than it does now with 
autos, but that was an advantage. Picnics were often 
held as far away as Mossville, Rome, or even Lake 



Social Life in Monica 47 

Senachwine for the express purpose of prolonging 
the happy time spent coming and going. 

There is one social institution that flourished 
then that is now sadly eclipsed and in danger of 
becoming extinct; that is the SLEIGH RIDE,, 
whether with bob sled or one horse open sleigh. 
Sleigh bells? Who ever hears them any more? A 
whole string of them completely around the horse; 
jingling their silvery tones on the frosty air and 
stirring in the blood of all who hear it such a glow 
as can be stirred by no other music that was ever 
written. 

Jingle bells, jingle bells, 
Jingle all the way, 

Oh, what fun it is to ride 

In a one-horse open sleigh. 

No gasoline fixin' from Lizzie to Rolls-Royce 
ever put into young hearts such a song as that. 

And when the bobsled upset! There wasn't any 
crash of glass, no call for the doctor, no hoping that 
help would come soon, no wondering how much the 
repairs would cost. None of that. The girls scream 
as they go over, they squeal as the boys pick them 
up and tuck them back among the blankets and 
make sure their hands are warm ; and all sing 
Got into a drifted bank, 
And we, we got upsot. 

And the driver is thinking about another ditch 
flanked and hidden by a big drift about a mile 
ahead. 

Some of you young sprigs are saying, He's an 
old fogy, sighing for the old times. No. Unless this 
older generation has spent its life in vain we are 
leaving the world better than we found it. But the 
old days were good too, for a happy social life is 
not dependent on one's material surroundings but 
on clean and neighborly hearts. 

Blessings on you, boy, with your shiny run- 
about. But get up a crowd and take a bobsled ride 
some moonlight night. And spill the girls. 



48 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

WHITE'S GROVE BAPTIST CHURCH 



Historical Sketch Written for Golden Anniversary 

By MABEL WALLIKER, 1922 

Saturday afternoon, Dec. 9, 1871, thirteen 
people met at the home of Isaac German near the 
White's Grove Gchool house. After Scripture read- 
ing and prayer the declaration of faith and coven- 
ant were read and adopted. 

E. M. Armstrong and John C. White were 
elected deacons. The name selected was White's 
Grove Baptist church. The members attending that 
meeting were as follows: 

Mrs. Louisa Walliker Armstrong, 
Mr. and Mrs. E. M. Armstrong, 
Mr. and Mrs. James Curry, 
Mr. and Mrs. Isaac German, 
Mr. and Mrs. John C. White, 
Mr. and Mrs. William White, 
Mr. Chas. Walliker, Sr. 
Miss Emma McKay. 

A council of recognition was then called which 
met with this little band of Christians in the 
White's Grove school house Jan. 2, 1872. This 
council consisted of Elder Guy, Brethren Furnace 
and Bruce, all of Brimfield, 111., and Elder Stick- 
ney of Toulon, 111., Pastor Barton and A. D. Bump 
represented the White's Grove church. 

After a full hearing, the council decided to 
recognize the body as a regular Baptist church in 
full sympathy with them. The charge to the church 
was given by Elder Guy. Recognition prayer by 
Elder Stickney and hand of fellowship by the coun- 
cil. Sisters Anna M. Walliker and Ellen T. Leaver- 
ton were received at this meeting. Elder J. M. 
Stickney acted as moderator and E. M. Armstrong 
was clerk. (This part of record is copied from 



White Grove Baptist'Church 49 

church book and was recorded by E. M. Armstrong 
who was the first church clerk.) 

Since date of the organization, worship was 
continued in the school house. During the year 
1914, William D. Watson became pastor and the 
following year 1915, the Baptist members of 
Wyoming, 111., being few in number donated their 
edifice to the people of White's Grove. Through 
this splendid gift and with the financial aid of 
many frends and neighbors in nearby towns and 
communities at large, the members were able to 
erect a modern rural church edifice which was dedi- 
cated free of debt June 4, 1916. 

The fiftieth anniversary was celebrated at the 
church on Friday evening October 27, 1922, bad 
roads and stormy weather having prevented the 
celebration in January. A big crowd gathered early 
and enjoyed the fried chicken supper served by 
the ladies in the basement. This was followed by a 
program in the auditorium at which the pastor 
Rev. H. F. Jones presided. 

The address was by Dr. L. C Trent pastor of 
the First Baptist Church of Kewanee, 111 He took 
for his text, Fear not, little flock; for it is your 
Father's good pleasure to give you the Kingdom 
(Luke 12;32) and urged the importance of sus- 
taining the churches of the rural communities. 

Charles Walliker, Sr., one of the charter mem- 
bers was the last speaker and gave some interest- 
ing reminiscences of the early days. Besides him 
three others still live who were present at the first 
meeting: Mrs. Ellen T. Leaverton of White's 
Grove,, Mrs. Louise Armstrong, Maryville, Mo., 
and John C. White of Harbine, Nebr., who was also 
one of the first deacons. 

Much credit should be given the pioneer mem- 
bers for the foundation so firmly builded and for 
the sacrifices and faithful services rendered that 
the work might grow. For over fifty years services 
have been carried on and other members added. 



50 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

SOCIAL LIFE AT "WHITE'S GROVE" 

By Mary J. Smith, 1929 

Reading Mr. Campbell' article on Monica, I 
wish to supplement it by an account of the social 
life a decade or two earlier, in the White's Grove 
District. At the Mt. Zion church, at West Prince- 
ville, before it was moved into Monica — that is, be- 
fore there was any railroad or any Monica — great 
revival meetings were held. I myself walked two 
miles on foot to attend them, a number of times. 
People came from far and near, and the crowd al- 
most suffocated from being packed so tight in the 
church building. 

The Nelson school took delight in coming and 
trying to spell down our District, the White's 
Grove, and these spelling bees were very popular. 
Allen Fast and Hattie Calhoun came when they 
were courting; also Ed Calhoun and Maggie Rice, 
Carleton Corn well and "Dial" Calhoun; and other 
couples. Everett Cornwell was teacher at one time. 
It is only fair to say that White's Grove school was 
scarcely ever spelled down; and the champion spel- 
ler was the present recording secretary of the 
O. S. U. P. V. 

Other young people of the day were the Arm- 
strong boys, Joseph, James and Billy, and their 
sisters, Mary, Elizabeth, Lucretia, Belle, Ellen, 
Rose, Martha and Jennie; the McCutcheon girls, 
Isabelle and Ella; the Buchanan's; the McGregor 
boys; Walliker's; Gray's. Mary Ann White was 
in the crowd, her brothers John and William, and 
her sister Maria; Belle, Rachel, Mary and the 
other Smith's. (Mary Elizabeth Armstrong mar- 
ried Allen McMillen from Posey county, Indiana, 
nicknamed "Posey.") 

Other families in the neighborhood were 
Hughes, Duncan McGregor, Henry Roney, Lambert, 
Leaverton, Schaad, McNeal, Isaac German, David 



Social Life at White's Grove 51 

Mendell, James Morrow, Purcell, Camp, Pigg, Al- 
bert Burgess, Whittington, later Charles and 
Henry DeBord, Bowles, Frank Belford, LaMay, 
James Currey, William Mann, James McMillen, 
Weidner. 

Ebenezer Armstrong, one of the teachers, 
married Matilda (Martha) Walliker. Later he was 
a preacher and gave a wonderful sermon on "Build- 
ings," when the new school house was dedicated. 
He spoke of John Bowman, who did the mason 
work, having come across the ocean (from Scot- 
land) to help build the school house. 

Miss Elmira Jones was an earlier teacher, and 
the Armstrong sisters, Margaret ( Peggy) and 
Mary, are remembered as Sunday school teachers. 
I still have in my possession a Bible that Miss 
Mary Armstrong gave me in 1869, for reciting "by 
heart" 588 Bible verses in one year. 

The old school house, as I remember it, had 
long desks against the wall, and long benches, 
home made, facing the desks and the wall. All 
pupils had to step or pull their feet over 
the bench, to get in or out. The stove was in the 
middle of the room, with pipe going straight up. 
Teacher Everett Cornwell looked up one day and 
shouted "She's a-fire, boys!" I remember helping 
grab benches and books and carry them out — but 
"she" didn't burn: the teacher and boys extin- 
guished the flames. When this building was finally 
replaced by the new building, the lot was in- 
creased to a full acre. The building was set clear 
back, making the large sized play ground or base- 
ball field in front, which is used and enjoyed to the 
present time. 

The school house services were undenomina- 
tional, or rather, preachers of the Presbyterian, 
Methodist and Baptist faith preached as they hap- 
pened to come, but after the church was built, the 
Baptist services there were the only ones held in 
the neighborhood. 



52 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

We had neighborhood "sings" at various times 
and places. The father of our recording secretary 
led them with his tuning fork, gratis. Later John 
McGinnis of Princeville organized a singing school 
class, a pay affair. I remember one piece in parti- 
cular he had them sing the closing night. I quote 
it as showing the kind of music they had at singing 
schools in those early days. 

"A hunter early ranging 
Along the forest wild, 
Saw o'er the greensward tripping 
Three maidens fair and mild. 

Fair queenly Faith came foremost, 
Next Love before him passed, 
With Hope all bright and smiling, 
The gayest and the last. 

She said, now choose between us, 
For one with thee will stay; 
Choose well or thou mayest rue it, 
When two have passed away. 

Said he, all bright and smiling, 
Oh, why must two depart? 
Faith, Hope and Love come sweetly, 
Possess and share my heart, 
Possess and share my heart. 

Eternity alone will reveal the good results that 
came from those protracted meeings that were held 
in the old school house, and fruit that was seeded 
down by those early, earnest, Christian teachers, 
who read each morning some portion of God's 
Word, individually or in concert, and had the 
Lord's prayer repeated in concert. This was at the 
beginning of each day's school work. And the wall 
mottoes, done with chalk, although they were ef- 
faced when the old building was sold for a granary 



Prospect Presbyterian Church of Dunlap 53 

to make room for the new building, will never be 
erased from the minds and hearts of the children 
who daily went to school there. "Thou God Seest 
Me," and "Dare to do Right — Dare to be True" will 
live in the minds and hearts of the children, long 
after that faithful Christian teacher, Miss Elmira 
Jones, who placed them on the walls of that old 
building, has gone to rest. 

The new school house saw many religious 
gatherings, until the present church was built on 
the opposite corner but I venture to say that it has 
never heard within its wall the soul-stirring ser- 
mons, the earnest prayers, and the gospel of song 
sung without accompaniment, but full of power and 
sung to the glory of God and to win souls to right 
ways of thinking and right ways of living, such 
as echoed from the old school building. Crowds 
would sit for hours in a cramped position, lined 
up on the desks, benches too full often to rest one's 
feet on them, and never complain that the minister 
preached too long. 



PROSPECT PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH OF 

DUNLAP 

By Mrs. Belle Dunlap and Mrs. Bessie Gray, 1928 

It was during the years 1848 and 1849 that a 
number of Presbyterian families came from the 
Panhandle section of the state of West Virginia and 
settled on farms in the townships of Akron and 
Radnor, Peoria county, Illinois. 

After coming west these people at first united 
with the Princeville Presbyterian church, whither 
some of them drove as far as nine miles in lumber 
wagons to attend services. There was a wide scope 
of country through which they drove that was 
open prairie and one of the old settlers recalled 
that on a Sabbath day in the fall of '49, when they 
were returning home from the Princeville church, a 



54 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

prairies fire was observed coming up on a stiff gale 
behind them. By whipping up the horses they were 
able to keep ahead of the fire and reach a place of 
safety in the creek timber, on the Hitchcock farm. 

THE SCHOOL HOUSE CHURCH 

The people decided the distance to Princeville 
was too great to drive and as more families were 
coming from the east, it was thought best to hold 
services in a schoolhouse, in the district known as 
Southhampton. After holding serivces in the 
school house for some time, application was made 
to the Presbytery for an organization. The request 
was granted and a committee composed of Rev. A. 
Coffey of Peoria, Rev. R. Breese of Princeville and 
Elder Henry Schnebly of Peoria, met with the con- 
gregation on June 8th, 1850, to effect the organiza- 
tion. 

The fifteen charter members of this school 
house church were as follows: Joseph Yates, Sr., 
and Mary, his wife; John Yates, Sr., and Eleanor, 
his wife; Thomas Yates and Mary, his wife; John 
Hervey, and Sarah, his wife; Mies Margaretta 
Yates; David G. Hervey and Jane, his wife; Adam 
Yates and Sarah, his wife, Samuel Keady and 
Eleanor his wife. 

THE FIRST CHURCH BUILDING 

Four years later, in 1854, their first church, a 
frame building. 36x48 ft. costing $1400., was erected 
on a 5-acre lot which is the present site of Pros- 
pect cemetery. In this church they continued to 
worship until 1877. 

By the year 1877, owing to the building of the 
R. I. and P. Railroad the village of Dunlap had 
sprung up, and in this new village, one mile south 
of the first church, a new church costing $5,100 
was erected. 

Right here it would be interesting to relate 
how this church came by the name it has borne for 



Prospect Presbyterian Church of Dunlap 55 

so many years. The story as taken from the Sou- 
venir Report of Jubilee Exercises of Prospect 
Presbterian church at Dunlap published in 1900, is 
as follows: 

"Before this church was organized, there was 
much discussion as to the name by which it should 
be known. Many names were proposed but none 
agreed upon. After some time had been thus oc- 
cupied, Dr. Yates said the remarks made were, 
perhaps, unprofitable and certainly premature, as 
they had nothing yet to name, for our church is 
still in prospect. Whereupon the name PROSPECT 
was proposed and unanimously agreed upon." 

PARSONAGES 

The first parsonage, located on a plot of 30 
acres east of the country church, was built in 1867. 
When the new church was built in Dunlap this 
property was sold and a new 7-room parsonage 
was built, in Dunlap in 1878. Both parsonage and 
church are still in use, an annex having later been 
added to the church for use as a Sunday school 
room. 

SONS IN MINISTRY 

It is an interesting fact that three persons 
have entered the ministry from the membership of 
this church: Rev. George Dunlap, son of Mr. and 
Mrs. Napoleon Dunlap; Rev. Thomas C. Winn, 
missionary to Japan, son of Rev. John Winn, once 
a pastor of the church; and Rev. Wm. Jones. 

SOCIETIES 

The Ladies' Foreign Missionary Society was 
organized in 1872 and has been in successful opera- 
tion since that time. 

The Christian Endeavor Society came into be- 
ing during the pastorate of Dr. Silas Cooke in 1889, 
and such an organization exists at the present 
time. 



56 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

TEMPERANCE 

These words are copied from "Reminiscences," 
a paper written by Mrs. Mary Kelly for the Golden 
Jubilee held in Prospect Church in 1900: 

"Dr. Cutter of Princeville was the first temp- 
erance lecturer we had in the school house Church. 
He advised us, truly enough, that alcohol is liquid 
death, and urged us to put both feet on it, and to 
set them on hard." 

MINISTERS 

The ministers who have served the church are 
the following: The Revs. David Hervey, John Tur- 
bitt, Thomas Smith, George Cairns, J. E. A. Simp- 
son, A. S. Gardner, John Winn, Silas Cooke, V. D. 
Nevins, Harry Smith, R. C. Townsend, Benjamin 
Thomas, L. H. McCormick, C. P. Blekking, Wolfe, 
Kortkamp, Mitchell, and at the time this is writ- 
ten, Rev. Griscell. 

BEQUESTS 

A number of the members to whom the name 
was dear, have made substantial bequests that the 
name of "Prospect" may live through the years to 
come. 

EARLY DOCTORS OF PRINCEVILLE 

By Laura C. Sentz, 1928 

Dr. Thomas Waters, according to notes made 
by S. S. Slane, was the first doctor in Princeville 
and vicinity. He was a relative of the Morrow 
family. The Peoria county records show that he 
received a patent from the United States govern- 
ment August 1, 1836 for the West V 2 of the S. E. 
% Section 19, Akron Township, 80 acres. This land 
now belongs to the Kuntz estate. Dr. Waters sold 
his claim and went to Iowa. He was sometimes 
called a "water and herb doctor, chiefly water." 

One of the Morrows about this same time was 



Early Doctors of Princeville 57 

sometimes called in to attend a neighbor but he 
could not be called a regular physician. 

Dr. Oscar Fitzalen Mott, a native of New York 
state, came to Princeville the fall of 1837. He wa, s 
an "herb doctor" and practiced his profession, tak- 
ing what pay his patients were willing to give. He 
was very successful in treatment of the commoner 
diseases of his time, most of which were chills and 
fever. He was the father of Washington Mott and 
Josephine Mott, well known in Princeville for two 
generations. 

Dr. Moss (first name unknown) came from 
New Orleans. It is not known why he left New Or- 
leans to come to this locality, for it was said he 
had a very extensive practice there — all that he 
could possibly take care of. Many still living know 
about the Moss liniment. Dr. Moss gave each of 
his friends a receipe for it and one of these old re- 
cipes has been dug up at this time, as follows : 

Recipe for Moss Liniment 

1 oz. origanum 
1 oz. oil cedar 
1 oz. gum camphor 
1 oz. hartshorn 
V 2 pint turpentine 
Vo pint alcohol 
1 oz. oil of spike 
1 oz. olive oil 
1 oz. chloroform 
1 teaspoonful sassafras oil 

Dr. Moss said this would knock H 1 and 

d-m-n-tion off the hinges. 

Dr. Chas. Cutter came to Princeville some years 
before 1850, a graduate of Harvard Medical school. 
Of his work, his son at one time wrote as follows: 
"His practice sometimes extended from Lawn 
Ridge, in one direction, to French Grove in the 
other; and his meager remuneration, when there 



58 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

was pay at all, sometimes taking the bulky form of 
corn in the ear, and even of labor in his own 
fields, as return for successfully ushering into the 
world infant Princevillians, and for other profes- 
sional services." He was remembered also for his 
activity as an abolitionist and assistance to run- 
away slaves. His house in fact was considered a 
station of the underground railway. 

Next in order was Dr. Israel G. Harlan. 

Dr. Robert F. Henry also came to Princeville 
before 1850, one historical epidemic of smallpox in 
the Clussman and McGinnis families, having been 
handled by him in July 1849. After further study, 
and graduating at Rush Medical College, Chicago, 
in 1853, he practiced medicine in Princeville for 
over fifty years. As one biographer has said: "The 
pioneer physician needed to be a man of conse- 
crated energy, for his patients were often many 
miles away. The country was wild, and thinly set- 
tled, and as no trained help was to be had in the 
sick room, the doctor's resourcefulness met these 
conditions successfully." 

Dr. Luther M. Andrews practiced in Prince- 
ville from about 1855 to 1875, during that period 
serving three years as Assistant Surgeon in the 
47th 111. Volunteers. 

J3r. John E. Charles came to Princeville in 
1861 and was a resident of the Village until 1881. 
He had been a "Forty-niner" in California, and had 
made a second trip across the plains to California 
in 1852, but lost all he had in these ventures. When 
he landed in Princeville his worldly possessions 
were his medical books, surgical instruments, 
household goods and less than $25 in cash. With 
the self reliance and courage which had carried him 
through many previous discouraging situations he 
set about making acquaintances and incidentally 
friends which he held through his life. His son Hal- 
ler E. Charles is still living in Peoria, his daughter 



Early Doctors of Princeville 59 

Alice Maud was married to John Jay Hull, and 
their only child June Hull Bird, wife of Wm. P. 
Bird died at St. Petersburg, Florida, on May 11, 
1925. 

Dr. Geo. W. Emery was probably next in order, 
a relative of the Riel family and coming to Prince- 
ville from Canada. 

Dr. R. H. Raney substituted for Dr. R. F. 
Henry, while the latter resided in Galesburg a few 
years 

Dr. Thomas E. Alyea practiced in Princeville 
beginning in the 1880's, for some twenty or thirty 
years and he is still living in Earlville, 111. 

Dr. Milton S. Marcy covered about this same 
period, 1881 to 1891, his office and residence hav- 
ing been on the corner now occupied by the C. H. 
Wilcox store building, (used by Citron Department 
Store) ; and Dr. Marcy recently died in Peoria. 

Dr. Watkins Warren was located in Prince- 
ville from about 1885 to 1899. He was a native of 
Virginia, a typical southerner in many ways, and 
an ex-surgeon in the Confederate army. He was 
graduated from both William and Mary College, 
and the Medical Institute at Richmond, Va. He 
was peculiar at times and strong in his likes and 
dislikes, but very highly educated and capable in 
his profession; also a very genial friend to those 
whom he chose for friends. Desiring milder winters 
for himself and Mrs. Warren, he moved to Mt. Ver- 
non, 111., in 1899, where Mrs. Warren died in 1900. 
The doctor died at Thomasville, Georgia, Jan. 3, 
1903, and was buried at Mt. Vernon, 111. 

Dr. Collin H. Wilcox, Dr. Walter J. Price, Dr. 
Elsie B. Merritt, Dr. E. E. Henson and Dr. M G 
Cutler, besides a few of more temporary residence, 
have brought the list down to date. 



60 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

EARLY BLACKSMITHS OF PRINCEVILLE 

By Odillon B. Slane, 1928 

First: Ebenezer Russell Shop stood on Lot 7, 
Block 11, east of hotel where garage is now. Date 
1841. Neighbors turned out — cut down trees, hewed 
logs, all helped to put up this log building, which 
was first blacksmith shop in Princeville. 

Second: Wm. Owens worked with Ebenezer 
Russell a while, then started shop for himself on 
Lot 7, Block 10, east of Town Hall, in 1845. Owens 
worked here for 15 or 16 years, then went into the 
hotel business. After leaving hotel he worked in a 
shop west of Hitchcock's Hall; where he worked the 
rest of his life. 

Third: Thos. Van Camp about 1847, located in 
shop where Dr. Charles used to live, now the Citron 
store is there. 

Fourth: Issac Edwards built shop where Wm. 
Owens worked so long. He worked here till Na- 
thaniel Mitchell bought him out, and moved shop 
to where Mrs. Sam Morrow's house now stands. 
Mitchell came to Princeville in 1850, the same year 
the Henry family came to Princeville (See Henry 
Family, Vol. II.) 

Fifth: Nathaniel Mitchell was an expert 
workman; he could make anything out of iron 
from a fine needle to an anvil. He was a native of 
Ohio, came from the same locality as the James 
McDowell and Vaughn Williams family and the 
same time — 1850. Nathaniel Mitchell moved to 
Iowa in 1870. 

Sixth: Levi Lapham and Thos. Russell, nephew 
of Ebenezer Russell, kept a shop only a few 
years. 

Seventh: The Pratt Brothers, Spence, Abe and 
Jonah, all of them blacksmiths, came to Prince- 
ville soon after the Civil war, the first two being 



Early Blacksmiths of Princeville 61 

veterans of that war. They bought the Nahaniel 
Mitchell shop (according to Howard Henry's recol- 
lection of this date.) All three of them, as also 
their brother, Newt, were members of the band. 
Jonah moved to Iowa or somewhere in the west 
perhaps about 1890, while Abe and Spence lived in 
Princeville until their death in years 1905 and 1909 
respectively. 

Eighth: Evan Hibbs worked for a time with 
Wm. Owens, and he located later on in Dunlap. 
Thomas Johnson, a son-in-law of George I. McGin- 
nis, operated a shop where the Champlin Oil sta- 
tion now is, corner of Canton and Clark streets; 
and John White and Frederick Kerns about time of 
Civil war operated a shop next east of the Town 
Hall. 

Ninth: Milo Gillin, born in Wilkes Barre, Pa., 
1835, came to Kickapoo, 111., when 19 years of age. 
Married to Susanna Craig who was a sister of 
Samuel Craig, detective department, sheriff and 
police force in Peoria. Mr. Gillin was a prominent 
Odd Fellow and active member of Diligence Lodge 
No. 129 in Princeville, 111, Followed trade of black- 
smith 27 years. He was a first class workman: 
worked in German-Friedman shop. Milo Gillin died 
Feb. 2, 1902. 

Tenth: Tommy McDowell, learned blacksmith 
trade under Wm. Owens. Afterward worked for 
himself a great many years. He was an expert 
horse-shoer, as was Owens before him. Tommy 
McDowell was a lover of horses, was kind to all 
animals, was a great lover of hounds, and de- 
lighted in wolf and coon hunts. 

Wm. Gilmore, Thos. Sarsfield and others of 
longer or shorter stay, bring the list down to mod- 
ern times, when the old style of blacksmithing and 
horseshoeing has almost been replaced by the 
garage and heavy work machine shop. 



62 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

FIRSTS AND SECONDS 

By Howard Henry, 1924 



The first white man to settle at the grove near 
Princeville was Daniel Prince, 1821. 

First man to move his family to Prince's 
grove was Stephen French, 1828. 

Dr. Thomas Waters, the first doctor of 
Princeville or vicinity, 1836. 

First Presbyterian minister, Rev. Calvin W. 
Babbit, 1834. 

First Methodist minister, Rev. B. C. Swartz, 
1848. 

First rector, Catholic church, Rev. Father 
Murphy, 1867. 

First Fourth of July celebration, 1844. 

First burial in Princeville cemetery, child of 
George I. McGinnis, 1844. Name, Temperance Mc- 
Ginnis. 

First blacksmith, Ebenezer Russell, 184-1. 

Hugh Morrow, son of Thos. Morrow, was the 
first white child born in Akron Township, April 14, 
1832. 

First Masonic funeral held in Princeville was 
that of Leonard Klinck, 1852. 

First private school was taught by Mrs. Han- 
nah Breese, wife of Rev. Robert Breese, 1844. 

First winter school, (subscription) was taught 
by Theodore F. Hurd. 

Second school was taught by Solomon Bliss. 
1840 to 1844. (Approximately.) 

First public school building; stone school house, 
corner Canton and French streets. 



Firsts and Seconds 63 

Benj. F. Slane, was the first teacher to draw 
public money for his services, 1847 to 1848. 

Second teacher, public school, was John M. 
Henry. 

First town clerk of Princeville under township 
organization was Jonathon Nixon. 

First postmaster in Princeville was Stephen 
French. Second postmaster, William Coburn. 

First store was kept by Elisha Morrow. 

First president of village, was Dr. R. F. Henry, 
1869. 

Dr. R. F. Henry started the first drug store in 
Princeville. It was located south of where Mitchell's 
blacksmith shop used to be, and south of Mrs. 
Morrow's home now. After the Civil War, the build- 
ing was moved to west of Cheesman's corner and 
was occupied by Mary Simpson's millinery shop. 

First barber shop in Princeville was kept by 
Samuel Tabor, a young colored man. It was located 
where Home State Bank is now. Tabor sold his 
shop to Calvin McMillan. 

First newspaper published in Princeville was 
the "Princeville Weekly Citizen," by G. T. Gillman, 
1868. Second newspaper, established by C. A. Pratt, 
"The Princeville Times," 1868. 

First hotel was Seth Fulton's Tavern, a log 
building erected about 1830. Seth Fulton also kept 
the first Tavern in Peoria. 

First bank established in Princeville by Peter 
Auten and Geo. W. Alter, 1872 under the firm 
name of Auten & Alter. 

First burying ground near Princeville was on 
Section 25, near its north line, one mile south of 
Princeville. 

First Princeville band, 1850. 



64 



HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 



REGISTER OF VOTERS IN PRINCEVILLE 
ELECTION DISTRICT 

From Poll Book Dated August 31, 1869 



(Spelling 

George Auten 
William H. Alter 
Thomas Allwood 
Joseph Armstrong, Sr. 
Joseph Armstrong, Jr. 
James Armstrong 
John J. Armstrong 
Ebenezer M. Armstrong 
Ezra Adams 
George Andrews 
Samuel Avard 
Henry Ayling 
James Aylward 
W. J. Alford 

Moses Alford 

L. M. Andrews 

Wm. H. Andrews 

Carlos Alford 

Charles Aten 

Lyman Andrews 

James Ayh^ard 

C. W. Ayling 

John Andrews 

Lemuel Andrews 

Peter Auten 

Edward Auten 

T. P. Bouten 

Hiram Bronson 

B. M. Burgess 

Daniel Brown 

J. H. Blue 

John Best 

Isaac Bohrer 

Jehiel Bouten 



Copied Exactly) 

David Barr 

William Best 

Wm. T. Brown 

J. L. Blanchard 

F. B. Blanchard 

H. G. Burgess 

Philander Bump 

Solomon Bliss 

O. C. Bliss 

W. E. Bliss 

Henry Bliss 

Hiel Bronson 

M. M. Blanchard 

William H. Blanchard 

Jacob Best 

Green Burgess 

Willis Burgess 
S. T. Barret 
Burr Bouten 
B. H. Bowles 
H. Harlo Beach 
J. M. Beach 
Henry Burgess 
Abner Brittingha. 
James Bradley 
Rufus Benjamin 
Henry A. Clusman 
S. S. Cornwell 
E. E. Cornwell 
Hughs Cornwell 
Jacob Cloas 
James Campbell 
William Cunningham 
J. E. Charles 



Princeville Voters' List, 1865 



65 



Robert Caldwell, Jr. 
H. E. Calhoun 
Jessy Carey 
Henry Caldwell 
Eliia Coburn 
Frances Carroll 
Thomas Collins 
John Carter 
Onias Cummins 
George Cook 
Henry Cook 
Mark M. Curtis 
Samuel Church 
George Caldwell 
Nathaniel Clark 
Andrew Caldwell 
Michael Cullen 
M. C. Cornwell 
Charles Cornwell 
A. W. Camen 
G. W. Champ 
Job Carroll 
Thomas Cummins 
Gilbert Campbell 
George B. Dotts 
John P. Dake 
E. F. Debord 
John Debord 
R. R. Debord 
William H. Debord 
Adam Dake 
William Debolt 
Ruben Deal 
Peter Duffy 
Wm. A. Dustin 
Bernard Duffy 
James M. Davis 
R. L. V. Deal 
Perry Debord 
Charles W. Debord 



John Dale 
Thomas Drenen 
T. J. Debord 
Leonard Dawson 
Thomas Dawson 
Henry Davis 
Patrick Drumm 
J. M. Estep 
George Eton 
Russell Eton 
J. D. Edwards 
Benjamin Elis 
John Evans 
George W. Emery 
J. A. Fast 
Gotfrey Frits 
Enos Fast 
Steven French 
Thomas Fox 
D. W. French 
James B. Furgeson 
Samuel Frances 
P. R. Ford 
William Graves 
Casper Glatfelter, Sr. 
Frederick Glatferter 
F. A. Griswold 
John S. Goodman 
James Gray 
William Giles 
John Giles 
Isaac German 
Simon S. Graves 
Edward Gibbons 
Jacob Gibbins 
Joseph Gilling 
B. F. Gilman 
John Green 
Casper Glatfelter, Jr. 
R. F. Henry 



66 



HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 



John M. Henry 
Michael Humm 
Joseph Holmes 
Richard Hardin 
William Harrison 
Evan Hibbs 
C. S. Harrington 
J. H. Harrington 
R. W. Harrison 
Clark Hill 
Wm. P. Hauver 
Henry Hammer 
John Hammer 
Richard Heberling 
Israel Howell 
Anthony Hullen 
Edward Harrison 
Charles Hardin 
G. W. Hitchcock 
F. C. Hitchcock 
William Hughs 
H. L. Hull 
Daniel Howard 
Charles Harwood 
James Heavern 
William Heavern 
John E. Hansler 
David W. Herron 
Samuel Irwin 
C. B. Ives 
Henry F. Irwin 
William Knipe 
Cornelius Kelly 
Graham Klinck 
L. F. Lair 
James W. Lynch 

Charles Leaverton 
B. F. Little 
John Lansha 
George Lansha 



John H. Laber 
J. H. Lowery 
Reason Lair 
John Lair 
John W. Little 
William Losey 
E. C. Lincoln 
William Lynch 
William D. Lawrence 
C. E. Lacy 
William Mann 
Washington Mott 
J. P. Martin 
Lott Mendell 

A. Miner 

James M. Mitchell 
James W. Miller 
Nathan Morrow 
Moses Miller 
Samuel Miller 
J. W. McKee 
Steven Martin 
Daniel McCready 
William McCready 
Henry Motes 
Thomas Miller 
G. D. Miller 
W T illiam Morrow 
George McGregor 
Erastus Morrow 
Robt. McDaniels 
William Mills 
J. E. Moats 

B. J. Moor 
Henry Miller 
J. B. Merritt 
Ira Moody 

T. Moody 

William H. Mitchell 

Oliver Moody 



Prince ville Voters' List, 1869 



67 



William L. Miller 
James McDowell 
Joseph Mendel 
N. Mitchell 
William Melone 
Wm. McDaniel 
Stadden McDaniel 

E. D. Mansfield 
John McGinnis 
Christian Miller 
James McMillen 
Allen McMillen 
Mack Mendel 
David Mendel 
John Motes 
Alexander McGregor 
Duncan McGregor 
William McGregor 
James Morrow 
Josephus Morrow 

B. F. Merritt 
Mathew Murdock 
Lawrence McNome 

F. Moffitt 
Wm. P. Merritt 
Jos. Mock 
Daniel Nelson 
A. J. Nail 
John Nelson 

Wm. H. Nickerson 
J. J. Nace 
Leroy Nash 
Peter Nicholson 
Wm. J. Norin 
William Owens 
Thomas Obrien 
Henry Orr 
John P. O'Connor 

C. D. Perkins 
Wm. Parnell, Sr. 



Wm. Parnell, Jr. 
John Parnell 
Clem Pagett 
James Parker 
Joseph Parents 
Elza Parish 
J. A. Pratt 
Thomas Parnell 
W'JJiam Pepert 
O. S. Pratt 
Chas. Plummer 
John T. Potts 
Lewis G. Parker 
James Rice 
Samuel Rice 
Henry Rice 
Peter Roney 
J. H. Russell 
Henry Roney 
Alza Rathburn 
James Rathburn 
J. W. Rowcliffe 
N. D. Richmond 
S. H. Reece 
B. F. Randolph 
J. T. Slane 
S. S. Slane 
B. Slane 
John Sabin 
Wm. C. Stevens 
Miles J. Seery 
Wm. P. Smith 
J. Z. Slane 
David Smith 
John Smith 
Arch Smith 
Henry Smith 
Wm. G. Selby 
Jacob Shaad 
B. S. Scott 



68 



HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 



John Sheeler 
William Simpson 
Jos. O. Smith 
Pat Scanlan 
William R. Sheeler 
G. W. Sanders 
A. D. Sloan 
Sylvester Smith 
Thomas Stevens 
David Spragoie 
Alonzo Santee 
Alex C. Tebow 
W. P. Thompson 
R. R. Taylor 
John Toy 
Elijah Tracy 
W. Vancil 
Thomas Vancamp 
A. D. Wear 
F. Wall 
Milton Willson 
W. C. Wear 
J. M. Willson 
Wm. Whittington 
James Wear 



Robert Whittington 
S. M. Whittington 
John Wheeler 
Jacob Walliker, Sr. 
Jacob H. Walliker 
S. H. Webb 
Jos. H. Webb 
J. T. White 
Edwin Ward 
J. C. White 
Thomas Walch 
Wm. H. Wisenberg 
G. W. Whittington 
S. T. Weston 
Benjamin Wiggins 
C. D. Wiggins 
W. H. Warne 
Theadore Willson 
John Wills 
William Wills 
John E. White 
Beverly Whittington 
Valentine Webber 
James Young 



PERSONAL PROPERTY IN 1880 AND NOW 

By Richard A. Auten, 1928 

Those of you who have the statistical instinct 
would enjoy a document saved from the Peoria 
Transcript of 1880. It is the County Clerk's Certi- 
ficate of the number of people and of their more 
valuable chattels, in Peoria count} 7 , listed by town- 
ships. Just imagine taking a census of automobiles, 
binders, radios, electric irons, etc., in 1928! 

The items listed in our 1880 census were: Per- 
sons assessed, horses, cattle, mules and asses, hogs, 
sheep, carriages and wagons, watches and clocks, 
sewing and knitting machines, pianos, organs and 



The Old Home is Sold 69 

melcdeons, acreage improved and unimproved, and 
dogs. The average value of each was given for each 
township. 

In 1880, Peoria County had 5952 people listed 
for personal assessment. There were 12,501 horses, 
2336 dogs, and over 25,000 cattle. The horses 
averaged $25.12 in value, and the cattle $9.63. 

There were, on the average, 150 watches and 
clocks to the township, with an average value of 
$3.96. The county contained 138 pianos outside of 
Peoria, which alone had 441. 

About 47,000 acres of land were unimproved, 
valued at $7.53 per acre. The improved land 
averaged $18.86 per acre. The whole county, im- 
proved and unimproved, averaged $17.49 per acre. 
The townships listing no unimproved land were 
Brimfield, Princeviile, and Limestone. 



THE OLD HOME IS SOLD 
By Julia Moody Klinck, 192G 

The old home is passing to strangers 

And the home folks are moving away; 
We are going to live in the city — 

To me 'tis a sorrowful day; 
For the home, our lov'd refuge and shelter 

This many and many a year, 
Seems just as much ours as ever — 

Just as cozy and homelike and dear. 

Why, never a tree that reaches 

Its great arms over the lawn, 
And never a rose that opens 

Its dewy cup to the dawn; 
And never a breeze that murmurs 

And tells us that spring has come, 
But wakens a memory olden 

And tells us of home, sweet home. 



70 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

There's the elm stump covered with ivy, 

Which moss so deeply imbeds, 
Which tells of the time when the cyclone 

Took the roof off over our heads; 
'Twas a terrible thing to happen, 

And all were greatly alarmed; 
But we'd cause enough for thanksgiving 

When we found nobody was harmed; 

And we saw how our Heavenly Father, 

When sorrows seemed clcse to enfold, 
Can turn our woes inside outward 

And show us their linings of gold; 
For amid the wreck and the ruin 

Our neighbors came very next day 
And spread us a brand new roof tree, 

And this time they built it to stay. 

So there's never a rafter nor shingle 

Which kind hands so well interwove, 
But is a true token of friendship, 

A something to prize and to love. 
Then there's the "Experiment Station," 

A beautiful spot which o'erfiows 
With many rare things from the forest; 

And ev'ry strange blossom that blows; 

And holds up its face for inspection 

Tells over and over the care 
Of the two little lads who had loved them 

And set all those field treasures there. 
There's an eglantine climbing the trellis 

Where tiny wrens dart out and in; 
In the day lilies sweet by the door-stone 

The honey bees keep up their din. 

There's a fern fringe along the veranda; 

And a tangle where creeping things come ; 
And o'er the flame bright trumpet blossoms 
The humming birds hover and hum. 



Peoria County Soils 71 

So all o'er the place there is written 
The tale of home love and home care, 

For the lives of a whole generation 
Have left something of interest there. 

Our father, so gentle and kindly, 

And mother, so tried and so true, 
Who had won by their toil sacrificial 

All the comforts our family knew. 
How bravely they carried their burdens; 

They never gave up in the fight; 
Their reward, but the hope and assurance 

That their children would strive to do right. 

And still round the place there will linger 

Those memories tender and sweet, 
Our highest and best — here inwoven, 

With which the home place is replete; 
Here eyes looked their first upon life; 

And here raven locks have turned gray, 
And many things cling to the homestead 

Which ne'er may be taken away. 

Note — Miss Julia Moody's name should have 
been included in list of the "Awkward Squad" sing- 
ing organization, recounted in Vol. 3, page 10, lines 
3 to 5. 



PEORIA COUNTY SOILS 

Reprint from Booklet, "Peoria County Soils," 
Issued by University of Illinois Agricultural Ex- 
periment Station in 1921 

This geological history, the most ancient his- 
tory there is of Peoria County will, we think, be 
very interesting to farm owners. The text of the 
Peoria County Soil book is supplemented by gla- 
cial map and colored soil charts. 

FORMATION 

Peoria county is located in the northwest cen- 
tral part of Illinois just west of the Illinois river. It 



72 HISTORY AXD REMINISCENCES 

lies in the upper Illinoisan and early Wisconsin 
glaciations. In general, it varies in topography from 
flat to slightly rolling in the northern and north- 
wesern parts, to hilly along the Ilinois river and the 
Kickapoo creek. 

The variations in topography are due to three 
causes — glaciers, streams, and wind. During the 
Glacial period, snow and ice accumulated in the re- 
gion of Labrador and to the west of Hudson Bay to 
such an extent that the mass pushed outward from 
these centers, especially southward, until a point 
was reached where it melted as rapidly as it ad- 
vanced. In moving across the country, the ice gath- 
ered up all sorts and sizes of material, including 
clay, silt, sand, gravel, ordinary boulders, and 
even immense masses of rock. Some of these ma- 
terials were carried for hundreds of miles and 
rubbed against surface rocks or against each other 
until largely ground into powder. When through the 
melting of the ice, the limit of advance was reached, 
the material carried by the glacier would accumu- 
late in a broad undulating ridge or moraine. When 
the ice melted more rapidly than the glacier ad- 
vanced, the terminus of the glacier would recede, 
and the material would be deposited somewhat ir- 
regularly over the area previously covered. During 
the Glacial period at least six distinct ice advances 
occurred that were separated by long periods of 
time. Between these advances the glacial material 
deposited was transformed into soil in part and then 
buried by other advances. 

The material transported by the glacier varied 
with the character of the rocks over which it 
passed. Granites, sandstones, limestones, shales, 
etc., were torn from their lodging places by the 
enormous denuding power of the ice sheet and 
ground up together. A pressure of forty pounds 
per square inch is exerted by a mass of ice one hun- 
dred feet thick, and these ice sheets may have been 
hundreds or even thousands of feet in thickness. 






Peoria County Soils 73 

The material carried along in the ice, especially the 
boulders and pebbles, became powerful agents for 
grinding and wearing away the surface over which 
the ice passed. Preglacial ridges and hills were 
rubbed down, valleys were filled with the debris, 
and the surface features were changed entirely. The 
mixture of material deposited by the glacier is 
known as boulder clay, till, glacial drift, or simply 
drift. The average depth of this deposit over the 
state of Illinois is estimated as 115 feet. 

Previous to the ice invasion, this region gen- 
erally was not well suited to agriculture because of 
its rough and hilly character, as shown by borings 
which indicate many preglacial valleys that later 
were filled with drift. The general effect of the gla- 
ciers then was to change the surface from hilly to 
gently undulating. Streams subsequently did a 
large amount of work, and as a result more than a 
quarter of Peoria county has been cut up into hills 
and valleys. This has reduced the value of the land 
and rendered it unfit for ordinary agriculture, al- 
though much of it is well adapted to pasturing. 

A deposit of wind-blown dust, or loess, was 
made during the Glacial period, to a depth of 5 to 
15 feet over the upland. Since this deposit was re- 
latively uniform, it modified the topography but 
slightly. On the terrace in the northeastern part of 
the county, the wind has formed sand dunes from 
the sand deposited by the Illinois river, emphasizing 
the irregularities that originally existed. 

The Glaciations of Peoria County 

Peoria county was first covered by the Illi- 
noisan glacier, which left a deposit of boulder clay, 
resulting in a partial leveling of the region. After 
the recession of this Glacier, a long period elapsed, 
during which a soil was formed by the incorpora- 
tion of organic matter in the glacial material de- 
posited. This soil is known as the Sangamon soil. 
Then another advance occurred, known as the 



74 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

Iowan glacier, that did not reach Peoria county, 
but during its melting the region now included in 
Illinois was probably covered with a deposit of 
windblown dust or loess from 10 to 15 feet thick, 
burying the Sangamon soil. A new soil, called the 
Peorian, was formed from the surface of the loess, 
and after another long period had elapsed, a third 
ice advance occurred, known as the early Wisconsin 
glacier. This ice sheet covered the northeastern 
third of the county, burying the Illinoisan drift and 
the Sangamon soil still deeper, and covering the 
Iowan loess and the Peorian soil. 

This early Wisconsin glacier built up two ex- 
tensive moraines, the west one, known as the Shel- 
byville, and the eastern, the Bloomington. These 
coalesce in Tazewell county before they cross the 
Illinois river, then divide south of Dunlap into two 
distinct ridges, and unite again in the extreme 
northern part of Peoria county. The deposit of 
glacial material in the vicinity of these moraines 
varies from 150 to 200 feet in thickness. In some 
parts, particularly along the lower Kickapoo creek, 
this is made up largely of stratified gravel. In 
places sufficient calcium carbonate has been de- 
posited in this gravel to cement it together, thus pro- 
ducing conglomerate. A smaller morainal ridge built 
up by the Illinoisan glacier extends southwest near 
the center of the western part of the county. The 
moraines of the early Wisconsin glaciation are 
about 100 feet higher than the general level of the 
Illinois glaciation. 

The early Wisconsin drift is covered with a de- 
posit of loess from 3 to 6 feet deep, except on the 
more rolling parts, where it has been largely re- 
moved by erosion. 

Physiography and Drainage 

The altitude of Peoria county varies from 835 
feet, the highest point, to below 436, the low water 
mark in the Illinois river at Peoria. 



Peoria County Soils 75 

The alitudes of some places in the county are 
as follows: Alta, 751 feet; Brimfield, 729; Chilli- 
cothe, 490; Cramer, 765; Dimlap, 724: Edeistein, 
781; Eden, 727; Edwards, 519; Elmwood, 626; Glas- 
ford, 615; Hanna City, 732; Keller, 801; Kramm, 
540; Laura, 732; Mapleton, 467; Maxwell, 594: 
Monica, 772; Oak Hill, 557; Peoria (low water), 
436; Peoria Heights, 768; Pottstown, 486; Prince- 
ville, 745; Rome, 485; Trivoli, 748. 

Peoria County Soils. 

The entire county lies in the basin of the Illi- 
nois river, but the northwest part is drained by 
Spoon river, while Kickapoo creek drains the larger 
part of the remainder of the county. The large 
prairie region lies in the northern and western parts 
of the county. The northeastern part of the county 
includes a sand and gravel terrace with irregular 
areas to the south along the river. The largest of 
these outside of the Chillicothe area, is at Peoria. 
The terrace at Peoria occupies at least two dis- 
tinct levels, the one about 100 feet above the other. 
The total prairie area comprises about 40 per cent 
of the county. 

The county contains a large amount of hilly 
land, totalling about 28 per cent of the area. The 
streams flow in deep valleys that are from 100 to 
300 feet below the upland. The principal area of 
this eroded land is along Kickapoo creek in the 
central part, while Copperas and Lamarsh creeks 
with their tributaries are responsible for a large 
amount of hilly land in the south part. Spoon river 
has produced an area of several square miles of 
rough land in the northwest part of the county. 
Another such area from one to four miles wide has 
been formed along the Illinois river bluff north of 
Kickapoo creek. 

Soil Materials and Soil Types 

While the two glaciers which reached Peoria 
county left extensive deposits of boulder clay or 



76 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

glacial drift, the soils as a rule are not formed from 
this material. The boulder clay has been covered by 
a deposit of loess or windblown material and this 
constitutes the soil forming material. In some of 
the more rolling areas the loess has been removed 
and the glacial material is now exposed and con- 
stitutes the different soil strata. In some cases, 
however, sufficient loess still remains to form the 
surface and subsurface and perhaps part or all of 
the subsoil. 

(The Booklet then continues with classification 
and description of the various types of soil, with 
analyses of plant food in each, suggestions for 
handling and improving each type, etc.) 



MILITARY RECORD OF JOHN G. CORBETT 

(Compiled From Government Records, Prior to 
Ills Death on June 22, 191G 

THIS CERTIFIES THAT JOHN G. CORBETT 
enlisted from Bureau County, Illinois on the 18th 
day of February, 1864, to serve 3 years or during 
the war, and was mustered into the U. S. Service 
at Ottawa, 111. on the 20th day of March, 1864, as a 
Private of Captain Robert R. Gibbons' Company 
"B" 64th Regiment Illinois Volunteer Infantry 
(Sharpshooters), Colonel John Merrill command- 
ing. 

The 64th Illinois was known as "Yates' Sharp- 
shooters" in honor of war governor, Richard Yates. 
The first battalion of 6 companies was organized at 
Camp Butler, Springfield, in December, 1861, and 
on Jan. 10th, 1862 was ordered to Quincy where it 
went into barracks and was supplied with arms and 
equipments. It moved to Cairo, Feb. 16th and March 
4, via Bird's Point, to New Madrid, Mo., and was 
assigned to Morgan's Brigade, Payne's Division, 
Pope's command. On January 15th, 1864, over 
three-fourths of the battalion having re-enlisted, it 



Military Record of John G. Corbett 77 

moved north on veteran furlough for 20 days, and 
reassembled at Ottawa, Feb. 14, 1864. 

Four new companies were recruited and added 
to the battalion, making a full regiment. On March 
17th, 1864 it proceeded to Decatur, Ala., and was 
assigned to 1st Brigade 4th Division, 16th Army 
Corps. On May 4th it moved to Chattanooga and 
joined General Sherman's army. In September 1864, 
it was transferred to 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 17th 
Army Corps, Army of Tennessee. 

During its service it participated in the follow- 
ing engagements: New Madrid, Mo.; Siege of Co- 
rinth; Chamber's Creek, Miss.; Tuscumbia, Ala.; 
Iuka, and battle of Corinth, Miss.; Barton's Station; 
Dalton; Resaca; Dallas; New Hope Church; Kene- 
saw Mountain, Siege of Atlanta, Snake Creek Gap, 
March to the Sea, and Savannah, Ga., Campaign of 
Carolinas — including Pocotaligo, Combahee River, 
Orangeburg and Cheraw, S. C.; Fayettesville and 
and Bentonville, N. C, and a number of minor en- 
gagements and skirmishes. After Johnson's sur- 
render to Sherman the regiment marched via. Rich- 
mond, Va., to Washington, D. C. where it took part 
in Grand Review, May 24th, 1865. It was mustered 
out of the service July 11th, 1865. 

The said John G. Corbett enlisted as a recruit 
and joined his regiment at Ottawa, 111. while veter- 
ans were home on furlough. 

He was ill in Hospital at Atlanta, Ga., after the 
capture of that city and was later removed to his 
home, where he remained until he recovered and 
rejoined his regiment at Alexandria, Va., going by 
way of New York and Hilton Head, S. C. 

He bore a gallant part in engagements at Re- 
saca, Dallas, New Hope Church, Kenesaw Mountain 
and Siege of Atlanta and at all times rendered faith- 
ful and meritorious service. 

He received an Honorable Discharge at Louis- 



78 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

ville, Ky., on 11th day of July, 1865, by reason of 
close of the war. 

His brother William W. served in 69th and 
139th Illinois Infantry during the Civil war. 

He is the son of James and Evelyn Glasgow 
Corbett and was born in Mifflin County, Pa., on the 
13th day of December, 1845. He was united in mar- 
riage to Sarah Rice at Princeville, Peoria county, 
111., March 2nd, 1873 from which union were born 
the following children: Maude, Mabel, Bessie and 
Hazel, who grew to maturity and three children who 
died in infancy. 

He was a member of Bryner Post No. 67, De- 
partment of Illinois, Grand Army of Republic. He 
had assisted in the organization of the Post at 
Princeville, 111.; and served as Commander several 
terms. Mr. Corbett was also a member of A. F. & 
A. M. and I. O. O F Lodges He held civil office as 
postmaster in Putnam, 111., and was president of 
Princeville, 111., Village Board for several years. The 
last years of his life his home was in Peoria, where 
he died on June 22, 1916. 



CIVIL WAR VETERANS 
By Peter Auten, 1929 

Co. K. of the 86th Ills., Vol. Inf. was the dis- 
tinctively Princeville Company of Soldier Boys in 
the days of '61 to '65. This company held reunion 
with all the other companies of the 86th Regt. each 
year in Peoria, until the Reunion of 1923 v/as 
voted to be the final one, and no officers were 
elected for the future. The booklet containing min- 
utes of this reunion listed 101 members still living 
in all companies of the regiment. 

Commander of the Regiment during the last 
several reunions, was Lieut. E. C. Silliman of 
Chenoa, 111., a native of Hallock Township, and well 
known to many Princeville people in former years. 



John F. French Fortress, Daughters op G. A. R. 79 

Mr. Silliman wrote to the Princeville Telephone in 
Oct. 1926, a letter for publication which stated that 
the roll was then down to 60 members. 

At this time, Mr. Silliman called attention to 
the coming centennial of Wm. H. Auten, Big Bend, 
Wis., the oldest man in the Regiment at time of en- 
listment, and reaching the age of 100 years on Oct. 
23, 1926. (Since died in spring of 1928 at age of 
101.) 

By this writing Aug. 1929, the number is 
doubtless much smaller. Taps. 



JOHN F. FRENCH FORTRESS NO. 17, 
NATIONAL DAUGHTERS OF THE G. A. R. 
Princeville, Illinois 
By Lena Staples, Historian, 1929 

This Fortress, named in honor of Captain John 
F. French, who organized and commanded Company 
K of the 86th Regiment from Princeville, in the 
Civil war, was organized on August 21, 1928. Two 
preliminary meetings had been held at home of 
Mrs. Almina Kerns. The Fortress at Speer, Illinois 
sponsored the Princeville Fortress and Mrs. Emma 
McCraw from Speer, was the organizer. 

At the August meeting when organization was 
perfected, there were present 14 officers and mem- 
bers from Perry L. Austin Fortress of Waukegan, Il- 
linois, also members from Chicago, Antioch. Liberty- 
ville, Speer and Woodstock Fortresses. This com- 
pany gathered for a 6 o'clock dinner at the M. E. 
church; then proceeded to the High School Gym 
where the organization was perfected and officers 
installed. 

Two honorary charter members were admitted 
as follows: 



80 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

Mrs. Emma Hammer, widow of Henry Ham- 
mer. 

Mrs. Mary J. Russell, widow of Joseph Rus- 
sell. 

And the following were charter members: 

Almina Kerns, daughter of Andrew J. Lair. 

Ethel Cheesman, daughter of Charles T. Phil- 
lips. 

Rebecca G. Smith, daughter of Isaac B. 
Greenwood. 

Lilly Sokop, daughter of Isaac Greenwood. 

Grace Sokop, grand-daughter of Isaac B. 
Greenwood. 

Mary Cutler, daughter of David Potts. 
Geneva Weaver, daughter of Emanuel Keller. 
Jennie Delbridge, daughter of Emanuel Keller. 
Irene Debord, daughter of Emanuel Keller. 
Elzada Sentz, daughter of John Z. Slane. 
Laura Sentz, grand-daughter of John Z. Slane. 
Elza Slane, grand-daughter of John Z. Slane. 
Maude Carman, daughter of Thomas Williams. 
Goldie Smith, daughter of Thomas Williams. 

Lucille Camp, grand-daughter of Thomas Wil- 
liams. 

Hilda Smith, grand-daughter of Thomas Wil- 
liams. 

Beatrice Smith, grand-daughter of Thomas 
Williams. 

Laura Wilson, daughter of John Miller. 
Irene Potter, grand-daughter of John Miller. 
Cora Nixon, daughter of Enos Frost. 
Lydia Senior, daughter of Enos Frost. 
Marietta Yates, daughter of John Yates. 
Lena Staples, daughter of Frank Hitchcock. 



Early Grist Mills 81 

Florence Gaster, daughter of Albaugh Cut- 
chall. 

May Dusten, daughter of William Coburn. 

Flora B. Schaad, daughter of Millard Buck. 

Susie Hogaboom, daughter of Millard Buck. 

Bessie Kinnah, daughter of Fred Gladfelter. 

Emma Gourley, daughter of William Williams. 

Anna Kinney, daughter of Matthew H. Rounds. 

Carrie Taylor, daughter of James N. Phillips. 
And the following member has been admitted since: 

Mrs. Emma Shipley, daughter of William H. 

Wisenburg. 

Meetings have been held with more or less 
regularity since organization. Mrs. Almina Kearns is 
commander. The Fortress prizes flags which were 
presented to it by Comrade McCraw from Speer; 
a Bible presented by Dr. and Mrs. C. H. Wilcox in 
memory of Mrs. Wilcox's father, James B. Fergu- 
son; and a silk flag for the altar presented by 
Comrade Sentz. 

Up to time of this writing, two of the Charter 
members have been taken in death, Mrs. May Dus- 
ten and Mrs. Elzada Sentz. 



EARLY GRIST MILLS 

By Leverettie Mansfield, Sr. 

"When through my boyhood's joys I passed, 
And on through manhood sped, 

My form in front no shadow cast, 
The light was straight ahead." 

"But now I cannot help but spy 

My shadow on the plain, 
And backward I must cast my eye, 

To see that light again." 



82 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

I am indebted for the earliest data on grist I 
mills to W. H. Adams, a pioneer settler of Mill- 
brook township. Mr. Adams says that a grist mill 
was built at Rochester, (now Elmore) on Spoon 
river, in the year 1836. John Smith, Jr., started to 
build this mill, when Mr. Clarke Stanton from 
Rochester, N. Y. purchased a half interest in the 
mill property. It is presumed that this is the way 
the village got its name. 

The Rounds mill on Spoon river in West Jer- 
sey township, Stark county, was built in 1837; and 
at another point on Spoon river near Dahinda, a 
grist mill was built in the early 40's. The Spring 
Valley mill in Millbrook township was built by John 
Carter in 1856. 

Pictures of the long ago are recalled by the 
stanzas of a poem written by Odillon B. Slane: 

"The grist mill was surely a boon 

On a bank of a river, the Spoon, 

The old mill dam — its water-wheel span, 

Is silent for many a moon." 

"Near the pioneer's cabin home, 

The buckwheat fields are sown, 

And the slap-jack cakes in the oven bake 

With the venison and the pone." 

Oh my! oh me! how one recalls those stacks of 
hot buckwheat cakes for breakfast on the cold 
winter mornings. Well spread with honey or sor- 
ghum and rich country butter, a feast for a king 
could not taste better. 

Of course the flailing out the grain, with flails 
made for the purpose, was mighty hard work, yet, 
the thought of what those three-cornered grains 
would soon be turned into, gave more of zest and 
zip to the flailing than there was in any other farm 
work. 



Early Grist Mills 83 

To go to mill with a grist to get ground was 
one of my greatest pleasures, even if I did have to 
get up at 4 a. m. on such occasions. It was neces- 
sary to start early so that "your turn" at the mill 
would not come too late in the day. 

The mill we generally took our grain to was 
Cox's on Spoon river, about 2 miles from Duncan. 
I recall, too, that each year after corn planting, 
the Slane boys, Harrison boys, Frank Bouton and 
my brother and myself would go fishing near the 
Cox mill. We always got a whole lot more fun than 
fish. 

For several years we took our grist to the 
Evans Mill, located on the east branch of Kicka- 
pco creek, in Radnor township. The}' did not do as 
large a business at that time as was done at the Cox 
mill, so we did not have to wait so long for our 
grist. If the roads were not too muddy, we went 
south to the Asa Beall corner, then east to Mof- 
fit's corner, past the John Harrison farm where 
I saw my first wind mill. If the roads were muddy 
we would take another route, viz: north to John 
Slane's, east of the Warren Hall corner, thence 
south and east to the mill. After getting our grist, 
minus the toll, of course, which was the pay for the 
grinding, we would start for home with the flour, 
middlings and bran into which our load of wheat 
had been changed. 

J. R. Harrison, of Peoria, son of "William Har- 
rison, whose farm joined the Mansfield farm on 
the east, tells the following as one of the never-to- 
be-forgotten trips to the Evans mill. A neighbor's 
boy, Memce Curl, and "Jim" or "X. Y. Z." as the 
boys called him, made this trip together, combin- 
ing their loads in one wagon. Shortly after leaving 
the mill with their flour, etc., on the journey home, 
a terrific storm overtook them. With the heavy 
downpour of the wind- driven rain and almost 
blinding lightning, the team turned off into a by- 
road, so that when the boys (11 or 12 years old) 



84 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

realized that they were on the wrong road, they 
knew not what to do. They were as completely lost 
as if in a thousand acre forest. There was no ob- 
ject in sight that gave them an idea as to the di- 
rection of home. 

Mr. Harrison, realizing that something might 
happen in such a storm, saddled a horse and struck 
out in search of them. Following the fresh wagon 
tracks he soon found the boys and team. The flour 
was but slightly injured, as it was well covered. 
Soaked to the skin, the two boys were soon piloted 
to the homes that never before nor since seemed 
so dear to them. 

In the olden days, life had its romance — its 
joys as well as its hardships. At our parties where 
the old folks with a religious turn of mind would 
not permit dancing, we would sing and play: 

"Happy is the miller who lives by himself, 
As the wheel goes round he's againing in wealth, 
One hand in the hopper, the other in the sack, 
"Ladies step forward, and gents step back." 

At the close of each verse there was a scramble 
for partners and some ONE got left. 

When the steam grist mill at Kickapoo was 
started we made a few trips to that old village as 
much through curiosity as anything else. 

In '67 or '68 the "Hitchcock, Vorhees & Seed" 
grist mill was built at Prince ville. This being three 
miles from home, we took our grists there until it 
was destroyed by fire in 1884. 

John Bowman operated a saw mill for a num- 
ber of years in the triangular piece of ground east 
of the railroad, north of block one. In 1880 this 
mill burned down. 

The experiences that I have related, were by 
no means uncommon or individual, except in details. 
These are but a part of the common history during 



Evan's Mill 85 

the first part of the 19th century, in what was then 
known as the Great Northwest of this country. 

The old familiar mill stones have practically 
ceased to exist, and have been replaced by the 
grooved, chilled, iron rollers. In his "Recent Pro- 
gress in Flour Manufacture," Dr. Friedrich Kick 
says that more progress has been made in the flour 
milling industry during the last forty years, than 
during the previous forty centuries. 



EVANS MILL 

By Myrti-s Evans, 1924 

In the early days of Illinois, when deer and 

wolves were plentiful and prairie chickens were 

common game, before steam and electricity had 

supplanted the old-time machinery, water mills 
were quite common in all parts of the state. 

One of these mills, known all over the country 
as the Evans Mill, stood on a fork of the Kickapoo 
Creek, on Section Twenty-nine in Radnor Town- 
ship, seven miles south and one mile east of Prince- 
ville. 

This mill was built about 1840 by a man named 
Pierce. 

It was constructed much upon the same prin- 
ciple as many of the water mills in use at that 
time. The frame was oak, put together with wooden 
pins. A mill race about cne half mile in length ran 
along cne side. 

The grain was elevated, one sack at a time to 
the second floor of the mill by means of a pulley 
and rope, then was dumped into a hopper and 
passd between the mill stones. 

After a v/hile this mill came into the hands of 
Evan Evans who had followed the milling business 
in his native state of Pennsylvania. It was soon 
after he came into possession of the property that 



86 HISTORY AND KEMINISCEN'CES 

it became known as the Evans Mill. Mr. Evans con- 
tinued to operate the mill in connection with his 
farming until his death in 1867. 

After the death of the elder Evans, the milling 
business was carried on b}' his sons Walter and 
David until about 1870 when the railroads brought 
the country in closer touch with the larger cities 
and the operation of steam mills caused the old mill 
to close down for want of business. 

Many are memories and incidents that cluster 
around the "Old Mill." 

"Listen to the water-mill, 
All the live-long day." 

could not be said of the old Evans mill every day, 
as the Kickapoo did not always contain a sufficient 
supply of water to fill the mill race and produce 
the necessary power to turn the water wheel which 
was the motive power of the mill's machinery. 

When the water was low the mill necessarily 
closed down, and it was not an unusual thing for a 
farmer to come from a distance of 25 or 30 
miles and find that his corn or wheat had not been 
ground on account of low water. 

Under such circumstances, if the miller had a 
stock of his own, he advanced the farmer meal or 
flour and then replaced it out of the farmer's own 
grain when the mill resumed operations. 

"Going to mill" was one of the red letter days 
on the farm especially for the small boys who were 
allowed to go along. 

Often one farmer would take all the grain for 
a whole neighborhood in sacks to the mill and leave 
it to be ground then another would call for the 
grist after the miller had ground it into flour or 
meal and taken out his toll. 

The mill stood idle for many years, being one 
of the last reminders of pioneer days. 



Essex Township 87 

Men and women who had "gone to mill' when 
they were children came to the silent old mill to 
wander about the long unused rooms and look upon 
the rusty cobweb draped machinery, and they car- 
ried away with them bits of yellowed bolting cloth, 
old wooden pins that were used in putting the timb- 
ers together and pictures of the mill taken with 
their cameras, as souvenirs. 

Being of no use to the present generation and 
yielding to the onward march of progress, the old 
mill was torn down in 1903 and the sturdy oak 
timbers which had withstood the storms of many 
years were used in building a barn, and the old mill 
passed into a thing of memory. 

There are still living a few people who at the 
mention of Evans mill will recall the pioneer days 
of Peoria County and will say, "After all, the flour 
and meal produced by these old mills was of nearly 
as good quality as that produced by the machinery 
of today." 



ESSEX TOWNSHIP 

By Wm. R. Sandham, 1926 

A part of the "Military Tract" set aside by 
Congress after the war of 1812 for soldier's bonus 
purposes, and a part of Putnam county until March 
2, 1839 when Stark county was created, Essex 
Township was surveyed into 36 square sections, or 
144 quarter sections of 160 acres each. It was 
named, when township organization was adopted in 

1852, for Isaac B. Essex, and its first supervisor, in 

1853, was Lemuel Dixon. 

Of the 144 quarter-sections, 99 were given as 
bounties to as many men who served in the war 
of 1812, but apparently very few benefitted very 
much from the gifts. Nearly all of the quarter sec- 
tions were sold by the recipients for less than $100 
each. 



88 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

By a careful review of the names of those 99 
soldiers and the records, I can find only one soldier 
of the war of 1812 who came to Essex township 
and lived on his bounty land. For his services in 
that war Jarville Chaffee was awarded the South- 
west quarter of Section 9. He came from Michigan 
in 1834; built a house on his land and lived there 
until his death in 1846; his body buried in the 
Sheets cemetery about a mile from his home. That 
Southwest quarter of Section 9 is now owned by 
the Charles Henry Cox estate. All the Chaffees 
known in Stark county are descendants of that Jar- 
ville Chaffee, soldier of the war of 1812. 

In December, 1828, there were no habitations 
of white people in what is now Stark County. Even 
the Indians did not have in it a permanent home. It 
was to them only a hunting ground. But a change 
was soon to take place, for on Section 15 of what is 
now Essex Township, an enterprising pioneer named 
Isaac B. Essex could be seen getting ready to build 
a home in the wilderness. He was busy cutting 
down trees, shaping the logs and preparing other 
necessary materials. In April, 1829, assisted by 
other pioneers from Peoria County, Mr. Essex put 
the prepared logs in place for the walls of the 
house. A roof was put on and a chimney built. The 
pioneer home was ready for occupancy. Mr. Essex, 
his wife and three children moved in, and in this 
way became the famous first settlers of Essex 
Township and of Stark County as well. In this 
pioneer home on August 27, 1829 was born a son 
named Simeon, remembered as the first white child 
born in what is now Stark County. 

In early winter 1830-1831, the father and 
mother of Isaac B. Essex, six of their sons, their 
only daughter and her husband. David Cooper, 
came to Illinois from Virginia. They all lived until 
spring at the Isaac B. Essex home, Mr. and Mrs. 
Cooper sleeping in a covered wagon. 

From 1831 to 1837 the population of the Town- 



Essex Township 89 

ship grew rapidly. Among those who came and 
built houses I may recall John B. Dodge and fam- 
ily, Benjamin Smith and three sons and their fami- 
lies, who were among the first to come; the Graves, 
Cox, Dixon and Colwell families from Ohio; Jarville 
Chaffee and family from Michigan; Thomas Winn 
and family from Indiana ; Captain Henry Butler and 
family from Connecticut; General Samuel Thomas 
and family from Pennsylvania, and several other 
famlies whose names are not available. In 1832 a 
man named Leek and his son came from east of 
the Illinois river and built a sawmill and flour mill 
on Spoon River, southwest of the present Wyoming. 
A flood in 1836 washed away the dam and it was 
never rebuilt. 

On July 4, 1834 the people of the settlement 
came together and built the historic first school 
house in what is now Stark County, a short dis- 
tance from the pioneer home of Mr. Essex. The first 
teacher was Adam Perry, who was paid $55.50 for 
a three-months term. The second teacher was Sab- 
rina Chatfield, who was paid $13.00 for a three- 
months term, and the third was Mary Lake, who 
was paid $3.31 (or another record says $6.34) for 
teaching six weeks and two days. The lumber for 
the seats in that first school house was sawed at 
the Leek mill. 

In 1834-'35 the section was served by a weekly 
mail route from Springfield to Galena via Peoria. 
The settlers took turns at carrying the mail over 
from the Illinois River bluffs, along which the route 
passed. There was a sub-office in the home of Mr. 
Essex. 

From 1830 to 1840 there was a great mania for 
land speculation, especially along the line of platting 
town sites and, by extensive advertising, selling lots 
for the highest possible profiteering prices. Three 
such towns were platted in our Township of Essex 
before the year 1840: Wyoming, Moulton and Mas- 
sillon. 



90 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

Wyoming was laid out by General Samuel 
Thomas in May, 1836, on the Northeast quarter of 
Section 2. Wyoming has made a considerable 
growth and progress. It has become famous as the 
birthplace of the Order of the Eastern Star, and 
also as the place where Charles E. Duryea went to 
school four years between 1870 and 1880, and 
where he conceived the idea of the automobile. 

Moulton was laid out in August, 1836, by Rob- 
ert Schuyler and others on the Southeast quarter 
of Section 4. At one time it had several residences, 
two or more stores, a blacksmith shop operated by 
Stephen and Calvin Eastman, and one or two other 
shops. There is a tradition that a building was to be 
raised north of the stream called Jug Run, and it 
was thought necessary to have some whiskey to 
aid in the raising. A messenger was sent to Moulton 
to get it. While he was away a heavy shower oc- 
curred, and the water in Jug Run became both deep 
and rapid. The messenger bravely rode his horse 
into the raging current. In the crossing the filled 
jug was dropped into the rushing water and was 
seen no more. That is the way Jug Run received its 
name. The town site of Moulton is now farm land 
and is owned by John Allen. 

Massillon was laid out by Stephen Trickle in 
April, 1837, on the Northwest quarter of Section 32. 
At one time Massillon had six or more houses, one 
or two stores and a blacksmith shop. The Massil- 
lon town site was formally vacated by Jefferson 
Trickle, in October 1853, and is now farm land 
owned by Mrs. Hattie Brockway Gettemy. 

The muster rolls of the Black Hawk war show 
that Thomas Essex, a brother of Isaac B. Essex, 
served as a soldier in that war. It has been often 
asserted that several residents of the township 
served as soldiers in the Mexican War, but their 
names are not given in any accessible records. 

In 1837 Enoch Cox, a miller by trade, came to 
Essex Township from Ohio, and built a saw mill 



Essex Township 91 

and a flour mill on Indian Creek, on Section 8. Both 
of the mills had a good patronage, but on account 
of inadequate supply of water in Indian Creek, it 
became necesEary to build a flour mill where there 
was more water. The new and larger flour mill was 
built by Mr. Cox about 1842 on Spoon River, just 
below the mouth of Camping Run, on Section 23. 
Enoch Cox operated that flour mill until 1860, and 
from that time until about 1885, it was operated 
by his son William K. Cox. Both father and son 
were known for many miles around as the honest 
Spoon River Millers, and as a reward for that repu- 
tation they had a profitable patronage. The mill 
was torn down about 1890. 

A saw mill was built by Myron Prince about 
1842 at the Slackwater town site, just East of the 
present covered "Slackwater" bridge. This mill, 
which furnished lumber for a school house in 
Princeville Township in 1844, v/as burned in 1847, 
and rebuilt in 1848. A carding mill, also, was owned 
and operated by Joei Hicks. Slackwater is said to 
have had at one time, about a dozen houses, three 
stores, a hotel, a brewery, five places where liquor 
was sold, and two blacksmith shops, besides the 
sawmill and carding mill; but, like the towns of 
Moulton and Massillon, it disappeared from view 
soon after the coming of the C. B. & Q. railroad 
with the town of Duncan. 

I have not been able to find any satisfactory 
records of church history of the pioneer times in 
Essex township. The circuit riders and other 
itinerant preachers of that time made regular stop- 
ping places at the homes of Isaac B. Essex and 
General Samuel Thomas for church services, to 
which the neighbors were always invited. Classes 
were organized for the study of the Bible and for 
prayer in the Essex settlement and in Wyoming. 
John W. Agard and Adam Perry, the first public 
school teacher in the county, and who afterwards 
joined the Mormons, were the first leaders of the 



92 niSTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

classes. The meetings of those classes led to the or- 
ganization of a Methodist Episcopal society that 
held regular church services in the homes of the 
members and in the school houses until a church 
was built in Wyoming some time in the 1850's. A 
United Brethren society was organized in the south 
part of the Township, and that society built a 
church in the year 1867. That church and the 
church in Duncan are now the only church buildings 
in Essex Township. 

Essex Township is noted for several things for 
which none of the other seven Townships are or 
can be noted, namely: the first settlement in Stark 
County; the first white child born in the county; 
the first church services; the first saw mill and 
flour mill; the first school house and the first pub- 
lic school in the county; the first post office; the 
first doctor; the first town site platted in the 
county; and as imporant as any of the others, Es- 
sex Township is the birthplace of the Order of the 
Eastern Star. 



VALLEY TOWNSHIP 

A general history of Valley Township is 
available in the volume of township histories col- 
lected and published by Auten & Auten, bankers, 
in 1906. However, more details and sidelights on 
the subject have arisen since then, and we take the 
opportunity to reproduce some of them here. Credit 
is given to the "Stark Couny News," James A. 
Nowlan, Editor. (Sept. 1927.) 

April 2, 1831, Putnam county was divided into 
four precincts, one of which, Spoon River Precinct, 
included all the country south of the direct line 
from the head of Crow Prairie to Six-Mile Grove, 
thence northwest to the original county line, and 
in this was included what is now called Valley town- 
ship. 

After much controversy, March 2, 1839, the 
council of revision reported approval of the act and 



Valley Township 93 

Stark county was established out of six Congress- 
ional townships of Putnam and two of Knox county. 
The first settlers in the township were mostly 
from the Emerald Isle who settled in the north 
part. Some English settled in the south with just 
enough Scotchmen and Germans to keep them peace- 
able. One thing is noticeable about these good peo- 
ple. They had a trade or occupation besides farming 
and not a "picked up" one either for they had 
served their apprenticeships. 

There does not appear to be any mention of 
the first settler or who built the first house but we 
find that some of the farms have been in the same 
family for years. The oldest record found is David 
Hodges, in section 33, bought in 1851, and the fam- 
ily have resided on and worked the farm for 76 
years. 

Valley is drained by three creeks and has fifty 
bridges which will average fifty feet in length. 
Valley never asked for county aid in the matter of 
bridges until in 1924 when the big flood washed out 
seventeen of these bridges. 

In 1859 a little Irishman came to Valley with 
nothing but a spade, but when he died a few years 
ago he and his sons had paid for 1640 acres of land 
and they had divided it themselves satisfactorily, 
without any services of attorneys. He was a Col— 
gan. 

Valley township has had its history written by 
county historians and has had favorable mention 
of its good and bad qualities but we have never 
seen mention of the "devil's lane," a road so called 
and named by its early settlers. Those living in this 
lane came from a country where the snakes had 
been driven away, therefore they did not know the 
danger of the rattler until they located where they 
were thick. They at once began attempts to find a 
remedy that would neutralize the poison of the 
snake bites. They found it in the old red whiskey 



94 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

which any of them could take with a relish and at 
that time it was cheap. If they had a jug and thirty 
cents, they could buy a gallon, enough for eight 
doses. 

In politics, Valley has been nearly evenly 
divided between the two principal national parties. 
When one hears that the Democrats won in Val- 
ley he must know that the roads and mud holes 
were so bad that the voters from the villages could 
not get there, not having horses. But if the Repub- 
licans win, one may know that the roads are fairly 
good and an auto can go to the polls. 

MANY OLD STARK COUNTY TOWNS ARE NOW 

BUT MEMORIES 

(From The Stark County News of March 30, 1927) 

CAMP GROVE 

Camp Grove is no longer in Stark county. It 
was established at an early date on the line be- 
tween Stark and Mashall counties, near the south- 
east corner of Penn township. Among the early 
business men were J. Townsend, Cyrus Bocock, R. 
G. Fargo, William Evans, S. H. Nichols and W. J. 
Townsend. When the Chicago & Northwestern rail- 
road from Peoria to Nelson was built in 1902 it 
passed a short distance east of old Camp Grove 
and most of the business places "pulled up stakes" 
and removed to the railroad. 

DUNCAN 

A few months later in the same year, on June 
10, 1870, to be exact, Mr. Butler also platted the 
town of Duncan for Dr. Castle in section 35 of 
Essex township. The early business men were F. 
F. Brockway, John H. Slater, George Fautz, Wil- 
liam Heath, John Barker. Dr. T. C. Thomas was 
probably the first resident physician and W. H. 
Miller was the first postmaster. 



Many Old Stark County Towns 95 

SLACKWATER 

Slackwater was a village of some importance 
at one time as a trading point and neighborhood 
center. It was located in section 33, Essex town- 
ship, just east of Spoon River. The building of the 
Chicago, Burlington & Quincy railroad and the 
founding of Duncan a mile and a half east, robbed 
Slackwater of its prestige and it sank into insignifi- 
cance. 

SPEER 

While the Peoria & Nelson branch of the Chi- 
cago & Northwestern railroad was under construc- 
tion, James A. Speers, who owned a farm on the line 
of the railroad in section 36, Valley Township, con- 
ceived the idea of founding a town. On December 
5, 1901, Henry H. Oliver, county surveyor, platted 
the town of Speer. Speer soon came into promin- 
ence as a trading and shipping point for the south- 
eastern part of the county. 

STARK 

Five miles Southeast of Wyoming, on the C. R. 
I. & P. railroad, is the little village of Stark which 
grew up soon after the railroad was completed, but 
was never officially platted. 

STRINGTOWN 

In an atlas of Stark county is shown a thickly 
settled neighborhood in the southwestern part of 
Essex township which has long been known as 
Stringtown. Its location is almost identical with that 
of the old town of Massillon. A church and public 
school are the only institutions left today. 

WADY PETRA 

This little town with the oriental name was 
platted June 3, 1873, by Edwin Butler, county sur- 
veyor, for Mrs. Anna K. Chase. This town also fell 
short of the expectations of its founders and con- 
sequently never grew to be very important. 



96 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

WEST JERSEY 

Early in the year 1856 Jacob Young employed 
Carson Berfield, who had previously served as 
county surveyor, to lay off a town almost in the 
geographical center of West Jersey township 
which town was named West Jersey. Among the 
early industries and business houses of West Jer- 
sey were Snedeker's mill, John Catton's coal mines, 
Giwitts & Son's planing mill, W. H. Little's harness 
shop, William Atkinson's blacksmith shop and W. 
H. Johnson's store. A post office was established in 
the village before the Civil war. 



AN ANCIENT SKINNING KNIFE 

By Josephine Bowman Wetzler 

While excavating for a church in Kilbride 
Parish, Lancashire, Scotland, in the year 1838, 
workmen uncovered, with the bones of a man seven 
feet tall, a flint agateized skinning knife, belonging 
to the stone age. Robert Cameron was pastor of the 
church being built. He later came to Princeville, 111., 
and was for many years pastor of the First Presby- 
terian church of that town. 

The skinning knife is now in the possession of 
John Bowman, of Peoria, 111. 

Down through the distant ages, 

Deep in the hidden years, 
Through toilsome halt and stages, 

Through war, and love, and tears; 
Written on far-flung pages, 

The story of Man appears. 

Workmen digging the footings 
For the Church of a mighty Clan, 

When the ring of shovel on flint-stone 
Discloses the tool of a man! 

Recognized such by its markings 
Of purpose, and effort and plan. 




PEORIA AND ROCK ISLAND DEPOT 
AKRON AVENUE CROSSING, 1871. 



Notice front of Dan Hitchco;k's cider ranch, now R. Cox & Son's 
grain and lumber office, and the sidewalk on south side of Akron ave- 
nue. Notice also top of Thos. Allwood residence, now home of Mr. 
and Mrs. M. E. Waymire. Also the old town cannon is close to and 
directly to right of locomotive. 

This cut is from photo in possession of Mrs. Emma Alter Morrow, 
daughter of Wm. H. Alter, first express and station agent of the "Rock 
Island" in Princeville. He held this position from time road was 
finished, and before depot was built, for twenty years or more. 



Senachwine, Last Chief 97 

There was no chance of mistaking, 

Though crude and unskilled and untaught, 

The mind of a man — a Creator, 

That shape and that form had wrought, 

And his primitive dream, through the ages 
between 
As a message to Man is brought. 

We have tools now to measure the thousandth 
inch, 

Or the distance from sun to sun, 
But our knowledge is yet as a little child's 

And our lessons have only begun, 
For Man was made to struggle and search 

'Til the Law of Perfection is won. 

The spider is spinning his web today 

The same as he spun it when 
This knife was cut; unchanged is the comb 

Of the bee, or the nest of the wren; 
But the tortuous path of creative thought 

Belongs to the mind of Men. 



SENACHWINE, LAST CHIEF OF THE 
POTTAWATOMIES 

By Odillon B. Slane 

Senachwine Creek and Village in the northwest 
part of Peoria county got their names from an In- 
dian Chief of that name. This creek is near Chilli- 
cothe, but farther up the Illinois River. Senach- 
wine was the last chief of the Pottawatomie tribe. 
He succeeded Gomo as Chief when the latter died. 

The story is told that in 1832-33, M. B. Silliman 
and Joel Hicks were in a boat one day going to 
mill, about the mouth of Crow Creek, and they met 
two Indians in a canoe with something under a 
blanket. Our men hailed them and asked if it was 
venison. 



98 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

One of the Indians pointed to the blanket and 
said: "Senachwine dead!" This was indeed true. 
Senachwine was buried near the stream that bears 
his name. 

The following lines from J. H. Bryant are a 
beautiful tribute to his memory: 

"He slept beneath the spreading shade, 
Where woods and wide savannahs meet, 
Where sloping hills around have made 
A quiet village green and sweet. 

A stream that bears his name and flows 
In glimmering gushes from the west 
Makes a light mummering as it flows 
Beside his lovely place of rest." 

"Fading Glories," that wonderful painting by 
Nicholas Brewer, might have been painted of 
Senachwine himself. The scene represents an old 
Indian chief in eagle feathers, standing alone and 
in the silence looking meditatively toward the set- 
ting sun. 



HUNTING WILD TURKEYS 

By Leverette Mansfield, Sr., 1924 

Josiah Fulton was one of the earliest pioneer 
settlers at Fort Clark (now Peoria.) Ten or twelve 
years after our Civil War, he would occasionally 
visit his daughter and son-in-law, Mr. and Mrs. 
Edward Mansfield, who lived south of Princeville. 
At such times, he would also visit his old friend of 
pioneer days, Benjamin Slane, who, too, lived south 
of Princeville. (See Vol. 1, Page 20.) 

As the two old men sat together, they liked to 
go back into tha past and re-live their early ex- 
periences at Fort Clark. The incident which I wish 
to relate is of special interest because of its connec- 



Mrs. Breese's Foetry 99 

tion with some Indians near the Fort and because 
it came very near to being a "wild goose chase" 
instead of a turkey hunt. 

In the early days turkeys were more plentiful 
than they are now. They were wild and lived in the 
woods where they roosted in trees and were either 
shot or trapped by the settlers. A big holiday 
among the pioneers was not complete without wild 
turkey as one of the principal dishes upon the ban- 
quet table. 

Upon this trip, Mr. Fulton and Mr. Slane 
tramped for three days through the woods, not even 
seeing a turkey feather. They were about to give up 
the search when they met some friendly Indians 
near the close of the third day. The white men had 
much difficulty at first in making the Indians un- 
derstand their questions but finally after an ex- 
change of something a little more concrete than 
grunts and words, the Indian leader with many 
grunts and gestures, pointed to a lone clump of 
trees about a half a mile away, and said, "there — 
turkey roost." 

When feeding is good these big game birds go 
to roost early, so our hunters had barely time to 
hide in the brush within range of the roost when 
the birds began to come in. In a short time the two 
huntsmen, thanks to their skill with rifles, had two 
turkey gobblers as fine as ever strutted through 
the woods near the raging Kickapoo. 



MRS. BREESE'S POETRY; WRITTEN 1846-'47 

Mrs. Hannah Breese was a Sister of Dr. Charles 

Cutter and Wife of Rev. Robt. F. Breese, See Vol. 1.) 

Respected Directors: 

Who should be the protectors 

Of schools in our town; 

We wish to address you, 

But not to distress you, 

So on us don't frown. 



100 HISTORY AND REMINISCEBCES 

Miss Harriet Booth, 

(She tells us the truth 

Which no doubt she has told,) 

Since the weather is rougher, 

Must sometimes needs suffer 

Most keenly with cold. 

And then she bewails 

That confusion prevails, 

And the breaking of laws, 

From the very same cause, 

Which no doubt is a crime. 

Now these ills to arrest 

We would humbly suggest: 

Mr. Smith who's a squire 

Should furnish wood well dried 

To kindle the fire. 

And then that the labor 

Twixt him and his neighbor 

May be well divided, 

Perhaps Mr. Phelps 

Some other good helps 

Will see are provided: 

Say a box for the coal, 

Without any hole 

Through which it can shake 

And so strong that the boys 

'Mid their tumult and noise 

Cannot easily break. 

The plan might be tried 

To have one end wide, 

And narrow the other; 

The narrow end open, 

Through the sides that are slopin' 

A handle of leather. 

For our teacher, we fear 

From what we can hear, 

May soon leave us the ground, 

And hie far away 

To the new Iowa; 

Then where shall another be found? 



Dr. Luther Madan Andrews 101 

DR. LUTHER MADAN ANDREWS 

By L. A. Blanchard, 1925 

Luther Madan Andrews was born October 16, 
1824, in the state of Ohio. He read Medicine with 
Dr. Wright in Talmadge, Ohio. He married, in 1853, 
Miss Fannie Robinson. After practicing two years 
in Talmadge, he moved to Prince ville, Illinois. He 
served three years as assistant surgeon in the 47th 
Illinois Volunteers. While living in Illinois there 
were born to Dr. and Mrs. Andrews five children, 
John, Forest, Edwin, Fannie and Louise. 

About the year 1875 they moved to Lewis, 
Iowa and to Oregon about 1896. Dr. Andrews passed 
away early in the year '98, his wife following him 
a few years later. Fannie and Louise are the only 
ones of the family living. 

Fannie lives at Anevea, Oregon, and Louise at 
Portland, Oregon. 

John died in Lewis, Iowa, just after being ad- 
mitted to the bar. 

Forrest and his wife died while living on Fri- 
day Island in Puget Sound. They were burned to 
death. They left three children. 

Ed married Miss Luella Warne, formerly of 
Princeville. He died about three years ago in Ore- 
gon City, Oregon. His wife and three children sur- 
vive him. 



HISTORY OF FREDERICK BOLIVER 
BLANCHARD 

By Mrs. Etta Blanchard Edwards, 1926 

Thomas Blanchard, grandfather of Frederick 
Boliver Blanchard, was born in Virginia, moving to 
North Carolina and then to Kentucky, where he be- 
came the owner of a large plantation. William Pat- 
rick, Frederick Blanchard's father, was six years 
old when taken to Kentucky, where he grew to ma- 



102 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

turity. Here he married Mary Barham, daughter of 
a Baptist minister. 

William Patrick, being opposed to slavery, left 
Kentucky and settled in Lawrence County, Illinois, 
afterwards removing to Peoria County where he 
died in Princeville in 1868, his wife having died the 
year before. 

Frederick Boliver Blanchard was born in 
Lawrenceville, Illinois, April 3, 1835, and was 
brought to Peoria County the next year. lie grew to 
manhood on his father's farm southwest of Prince- 
ville. His education was secured under great diffi- 
culties. From early childhood he made his way 
through rain, mud, slush and snow to a crude, cold 
and uncomfortable school house. "When he had 
finished the work offered by the district school, he 
was ready for more advanced work then procur- 
able, which equipped him well for the needs of his 
time. He delighted in social activities and won dis- 
tinction in the debating and singing schools of the 
neighborhood. 

At the age of twenty he purchased sixty acres 
of land adjoining his father's farm and began busi- 
ness for himself. He was married March 12, 1857, 
to Amy Reeves, daughter of Jacob Reeves and 
Hannah Schofield Reeves. Jacob Reeves had come 
from New York, married Hannah Schofield in Ohio, 
and they moved in 1837 to Spoon River, Stark 
County, Illinois, and established the home where 
their daughter Amy was born. 

Mr. and Mrs. Blanchard began housekeeping 
in the true pioneer spirit, with little besides dry 
goods boxes for furniture and most meager equip- 
ment for farming. These brave souls diligently 
overcame many adversities and disappointments 
and established a home, adding comforts as they 
were able to procure them. They v/ere the parents 
of eight children, three of whom died in childhood. 
The five surviving are Mrs. Julia Etta Edwards of 
Pasadena, California; Mrs. Hattie Wear, Prince- 
ville; William Kinkaid and Lucius Boliver of Peo- 



Frederick Boliver Blachard 103 

ria, Illinois; and Mrs. Lois Ellen Butts of Detroit, 
Michigan. 

In 1863 Mr. Banchard located in Princeville 
and engaged in mercantile business, and later 
transferred his activities to grain and stock buy- 
ing, lie was a successful business man, and, with 
the help of his good wife whose love of home was 
a marked characteristic, established a home which 
was a joy to the many with whom they shared it. 
He loved congenial companions and a good story, 
and his office became headquarters for the discus- 
sion of social and political topics of the day. The 
playing of checkers was a favorite amusement in 
which Mr. Blanchard became very proficient, tak- 
ing great pride in contesting with many of the 
champions of other localities. 

He was public spirited and aggressive in every- 
thing that was for the uplift of the community, 
was a member of the first council elected in Prince- 
ville, and was at one time mayor of Princeville. 
When the C. R. I. and P. Railroad was surveyed 
Mr. Blanchard spent much time in helping to se- 
cure the route through Princeville. In politics he 
was a staunch Republican, but he could deviate 
from the lines of his party and vote for the man 
whom he believed to represent the best interests of 
the people. 

In local affairs his position was always un- 
reservedly against the saloon as it existed at one 
time in Princeville, and at various times he gave his 
entire time and much of his means in the prosecu- 
tion of lawbreakers. He helped to organize the Red 
Ribbon Club with the purpose of helping the youth 
and others to secure amusements that were clean, 
and take away the lure of the saloon by giving them 
something better. He built the first sidewalk and 
had the first telephone in Princeville and was ardent 
for any improvement which appealed to him as a 
benefit to the community. He was a charter mem- 
ber of the Old Settlers Union and the annual Picnic 
was to him a most enjoyable event. 



101 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

SKETCH OF WM. W. CHURCH, CENTENARIAN 

(Compiled From His Own Writing 
By Peter Auten, 1928) 

Mr. Church has been well known for years at 
Brimfield Picnics, visiting with relatives there, and 
was given a place on Princeville Old Settlers pro- 
gram in 1926, his age at that time being almost 98. 
His eyesight and hearing were both good, and his 
wiry little body got around the grounds in good 
shape. 

Again he visited our Picnic, a guest of honor, 
on Aug. 30, 1928, lacking the time only until Jan. 
11, 1929 when he will be 100 years old. In his speech 
of 1926, typewritten, and read for him while he 
listened intently and nodded approval, he suggested 
that with his white hair he might be taken for "Old 
Santa," then adding the Biblical suggestion that 
perhaps the audience came out to see him, an old 
leaf shaken by the wind. 

Mr. Church's father and mother both came 
from Ireland, on different ships, and were married 
in New Brunswick Province, Canada. He was 
born in New Brunswick and came with his parents 
first to Harrisburg, Pa.; then farther west by 
covered wagon drawn by two horses. A large tent 
and a spring wagon drawn by a single horse, were 
extra possessions of the family. They started with 
a cow, also, but sold her. The family lived for a 
time in Peoria and then in Charleston (now Brim- 
field.) Wm. W. was 12 years old when reaching 
Brimfield in 1840 and lived there until, as a young 
man with trade of wagon maker, he conducted a 
shop at Knoxville, 111. For perhaps the last 50 years 
he has lived around with his children at different 
places, greatly enjoying the honors given him by 
the Odd Fellows' Lodge and by Old Settlers' gath- 
erings. 

His speech refers to the "early 30'ties and 



Wm. W. Church, Centenarian 105 

40'ties" and recalls amongst others, the following 
characteristics of Pioneer days: 

He knew President Holmes' father and grand- 
father. 

His education at 12 years not much ahead of 
what children at 5 and 6 have now. 

Value of land at $2.00 per acre. 

Refers to choice of groves for first homes; 
and suggests Princeville one of the best groves 
around, naming the varieties of trees. 

Refers to use of walnut and wild cherry for 
cabinet work, tables, beds and furniture; also to 
hickory and sugar maple for farm implements. 

Refers to splitting rails. 

Refers to fur bearing animals such as otter, 
mink, beaver, foxes and coons. 

Refers to venison and prairie chicken as main 
articles of diet, "until the prairie mantle was turned 
upside down;" then refers to chopping axe, first 
used in planting corn in unbroken sod. 

Refers to use of grain cradle; also recalls the 
Old Apple Tree Row west of grove. 

Use of jack knives and flint for lighting a fire, 
later "brimstone sticks;" this contrasted with 
"large cities and streets now lighted by turning a 
knob." 

Refers to new methods and chance for farmers 
to use their brains as well as their hands. 

Refers to bread or "corn dodgers" baked in 
Dutch ovens stone heated; the same ovens used in 
scalding hogs; "boot boxes" used for children's 
cradles, sheep skins for saddles. Horses and oxen 
tramped out v/heat on the ground; bed sheets used 
for table cloths when company was had; stools and 
benches used, wooden pins for husking corn; locust 
thorns for clothes pins and hair pins; grape vines 
used for clothes lines; and underclothing "not used 
until last of 40'ties." 

Log cabins were built "as robins build their 
nests, of mud and sticks" and also forts were used 



106 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

for protection. These had stalls or rooms for six or 
eight families, with earthen floors, and hazel brush 
and leaves for bedding; all this from personal recol- 
lection. Families lived on venison, wild fowls and 
wild berries. Parents blazed trees and made paths 
for future times, for their children and grand- 
children and others. 

Building log cabins was only small part of 
what had to be accomplished: prairie mantle must 
be turned under, rails made for fencing, wells dug, 
stables, bridges, school houses and many other 
things provided. 

Mr. Church closed the address by appealing to 
the children and grandchildren to appreciate what 
their parents have done and to continue reverence 
for their memory in pioneer picnics; also com- 
mended their well kept cemetery. 

Two or three times he referred to himself and 
his talk as "home spun." 



THE DANIEL CORBETT FAMILY 
By Maude I. Corbett, 1924 

Daniel Corbett came to Peoria County from 
Genesee County, New York, in 1833, at the age of 
twenty-four, covering the greater portion of the 
journey on foot and securing a passage on boat by 
working. His grandfather, Alexander Corbett, was 
a sergeant in the regiment of the British Army 
called the Duke of Argyle's, commanded by Colonel 
Campbell. He was honourably discharged from ser- 
vice, and with his family came to America in 1800, 
from Paisley, Scotland, and settled at Pulman, N. Y. 
William Corbett, his son, a mere lad when he came 
to America, was later married to Miss Grace Mc- 
Laughlin, and to this union were born two sons, 
Daniel and William G. Corbett. 

In 1832 the Corbett family moved to Pem- 
broke, Genesee County, N. Y. The next year Daniel 






Daniel Corbett Family 107 

Corbett came to Peoria County, Illinois, and at first 
located at Hale's Mills, Kickapoo Township, assist- 
ing in the construction of the mill. Later he helped, 
under the direction of Bishop Chase, in the con- 
struction of the building of Jubilee College. 

Preferring the hills to the low river land at 
Peoria, in 1838 he purchased at the Quincy land 
sale, the farm in Radnor Township known as "The 
Old Corbett Place" located five miles south of 
Princeville. In 1840, he began making improve- 
ments; in 1842, he moved there; in 1843, he was 
married to Miss Frances Gordon, a native of Sur- 
rey County, North Carolina. He and his wife en- 
dured all the privations of pioneer life, but ever 
supported educational and religious institutions. In 
1850, he built the brick house which is now stand- 
ing (1924) with brick burned on the neighboring 
farm belonging to the Wakefields. 

The house was built at great sacrifice, and 
through the sale of a quarter section tract in Knox 
county. The wood work was bought in Chicago, 
Mr. Corbett traveling the entire distance there and 
back with a yoke of oxen. Mr. Ayling of Princeville 
did the carpenter work, Graham Klinck and his 
father were the brick masons, and the total cost 
of the construction of the two- story brick house 
was seven hundred dollars. The rooms were con- 
sidered very spacious in comparison with the 
limited quarters of the early settler's cabin, and 
made such an impression that nephews and nieces 
returning after years of absence were amazed at 
their smallness. The attic was later a place of mys- 
tery and wonder to the grandchildren, for there was 
grandmother's discarded spinning wheel, and it was 
a common source of amusement to put together the 
wheels of the old wooden clock. 

The Civil War brought on another siege of 
privation. The father being in ill health was almost 
unable to work, and as hired help was scarce, a 
great portion of the farm work fell to the lot of 



108 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

the only son, George, who was seven years of age 
at the beginning of the war. He recalls vividly one 
hot August morning in the early sixties, when a 
woman accompanied by a young soldier came 
across the field. He and a hired man with three 
yoke of oxen were breaking prairie land, covered 
with brush higher than their heads. The woman, 
his mother, was very sad because her brother was 
returning to fight in the very regions of their early 
childhood home in North Carolina. The brother, a 
gay young officer, Captain Tom Gordon, merrily 
advised the boys to stop such hard work and go 
South to shoot rebels — that it was far greater fun. 
But, alas! he went forth to a conflict never to re- 
turn. 

Daniel Corbett was a member of the Methodist 
church, and with the support of William Row- 
cliffe, was a promoter in having Zion church built 
on land adjoining his farm. He gave liberally to all 
church activities; among them to Hedding College. 
In politics he was a staunch Republican, and dur- 
ing war times an ardent follower of Abraham Lin- 
coln. 

The survivors of the Daniel Corbett family 
and those bearing the Corbett name are the daugh- 
ters, Rebecca and Harriett of Dunlap, the son, 
George W. Corbett, his wife, Alice I. Harden Cor- 
bett, and their daughter. Maude I. of Princeville. 
The sole survivor of the William G. Corbett family 
bearing the Corbett name is Dr. Frank Corbett of 
Washington, D. C, formerly of Minneapolis, Minn. 

Grace Corbett Carr, eldest daughter of Daniel 
Corbett, a teacher from 1868-'72, leaves the fol- 
lowing children; Daniel W. Carr of Princeville, Al- 
fred and George of Edelstein, Nettie G. of Peoria, 
and Everett Carr, supervisor of Medina Town- 
ship. 

Lucinda Corbett Minkler, deceased 1895, left 
no survivor. Howard Hardin Corbett, son of George 
and Alice Harden Corbett, a teacher and farmer in 



Captain David Dewolf 109 

Illinois and Virginia died 1918 at the age of thirty- 
one, at Evanston, 111. Both will be remembered for 
their high Christian characters. 

The faith in the Life Beyond which has ever 
been characteristic of the family inspires all with 
the hope of the final Reunion. 



CAPTAIN DAVID DEWOLF 

By Wri. K. Sandham, 1924 

Among the California gold seekers of 1849, 
and one of the minority who accumulated and re- 
turned with a fairly good amount of wealth, was a 
robust, healthy and ambitious man named David 
Dewolf. He later became a well known resident of 
Stark County, Illinois, and his tragic death in the 
battle of Corinth, 1862 was among the first that 
brought to the realization of the people of Stark 
County that the country had entered into a great 
war, and that the life of the nation was at stake. 

David Dewolf, son of Simeon and Clarissa Al- 
len Dewolf, was born in Yarmouth, Nova Scotia, 
April 1, 1822. His ancestor, Balthasar Dewolf, came 
from France and settled in Wethersfield, Connecti- 
cut, in 1664. Soon after the expulsion of the French 
speaking people from Nova Scotia (Acadia) great 
inducements were offered the people in New Eng- 
land to move to Nova Scotia. Among those who 
accepted the offers made and moved from New 
England to Nova Scotia were the great grand 
parents of David Dewolf in the year 1761. 

David Dewolf's father and mother had six 
sons, and fearing that some or all of those sons 
would take to a sea faring life the mother induced 
the family to move to the United States. They came 
in a sea-going vessel to New York, thence on the 
Hudson river and Erie canal to Buffalo, thence on 
Lake Erie to Cleveland, Ohio, settling in Clark 
County, Ohio, in 1834. The father and sons engaged 
in farming. On April 1, 1847, David Dewolf married 



110 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

Miss Matilda Allen Greenwood of Clark County, 
Ohio, a niece of Lewis Bayley, who later came to 
Stark County, Illinois (in 1849.) 

When the exciting news of gold in California 
reached the southwestern part of Ohio, a company 
was organized and financed to take a large number 
of eager and hopeful men to share in the benefit of 
the wonderful discovery. Several young men from 
Clark County joined the company, among them 
David Dewolf who was one of the most hopeful, 
leaving his wife and baby daughter in their home 
in Ohio. The company left Cincinnati April 12, 1849. 
They went by the way of the Ohio, Mississippi and 
Missouri rivers to Independence, Missouri, a city of 
historic fame as the beginning of the overland route 
to Oregon, New Mexico and California. 

The company of which David Dewolf was-a mem- 
ber was unusually well organized. It was equipped 
with well made wagons, the best of well trained 
oxen, an ample supply of provisions, camping out- 
fits and ammunition. The company was made up of 
several divisions, each in charge of a captain, and 
David Dewolf was made captain of one of the 
divisions. One of the rules of the orgnization was 
that they should do no traveling on Sunday, that 
day to be observed as a day of rest for man and 
beast. 

David Dewolf kept a diary during the journey 
to California, copies of which are now in the New- 
berry Library of Chicago, Illinois, the H. E. Hunt- 
ington Library of Pasadena, California, the Illinois 
State Historical Library in Springfield, Illinois, and 
the Public Library of Wyoming, Illinois. The com- 
pany left Independence May 12, 1849, and arrived at 
the newly discovered gold diggings in California the 
first week in November, after an arduous and toil- 
some journey of nearly six months. 

Mr. Dewolf was fairly successful in the dig- 
gings. He quit the work of a regular miner in July, 
1850, and engaged in teaming, hauling provisions 



Captain David Dewolf 111 

and other supplies from San Francisco to the camps 
of the gold miners. That work proved to be exceed- 
ingly profitable. He left California some time in 
1851, and returned to his home in Ohio by way of 
the Isthmus of Panama. 

About that time his wife's uncle Lewis Bayley, 
visiting his mother and other relatives in Clark 
County, Ohio, induced Mr. and Mrs. Dewolf to move 
to Illinois. Mr. Dewolf became a contractor in con- 
struction work on the Illinois division of what is 
now the "Big Four" railroad, and in some other like 
work. 

In the early part of February, 1856, he bought 
the north half of Section 24, in Essex Township, 
Stark County, for which he paid $1200. It is a 
tradition in the family that he paid for the land 
with some of the gold brought from California. He 
quit railroad construction work to become an Illi- 
nois farmer, continuing farming until the call of 
President Lincoln for aid in putting down armed 
rebellion. 

Soon after the first call for volunteers, leaving 
his farm and five children in the care of his wife, 
he assisted in the raising of a company for the 47th 
Regt. 111. Vol. Inf. He was elected first lieutenant 
of the company (Company K), and in a few months 
was made captain. He was with General Grant in 
the battles in Missouri, Kentucky and Tennessee, 
and was killed while bravely leading his company 
in the battle of Corinth, Mississippi, October 3, 
1862. His body was left on the battle field and 
place of burial is not known. The tallest monument 
in the beautiful Wyoming, Illinois, cemetery is in 
memory of Captain Dewolf, and the Wyoming Post 
of the Grand Army of the Republic was so named 
in his honor. All the reports from his comrades 
agree in saying that he was a very capable and 
courageous officer, greatly beloved by the men of 
his company, and held in the highest regard by the 
officers and men of his regiment. 



112 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

Captain Dewolf' s widow died in Wyoming, Illi- 
nois, Feb. 9, 1905. His son John Henry served a 
term of four years as sheriff of Fulton County, Illi- 
nois, and represented that County in the House of 
Representatives, 46th Illinois General Assembly. 
One-half of the land which Captain Dewolf bought 
in Stark County, Illinois, in 1856, is still in posses- 
sion of some of his grandchildren. 

Captain Dewolf's experience on the Oregon- 
California trail in 1849 is well exemplified in "The 
Covered Wagon" by Emerson Hough, and even 
more so in the moving picture that has been made 
from that book. 



THE EVANS FAMILY 

By Leila C. Evans, 1924 

The first ancestor of the Evans family in 
America was Jenken Evans, who came from Wales 
and settled in Montgomery County, Pennsylvania, 
about 1700. Here, his grandson Evan, a pioneer 
settler of Radnor Township, was born on March 18, 
1787. Growing to manhood, he was engaged as a 
miller. In 1819 he was married to Amelia Morris. A 
few years later, he brought his wife and three chil- 
dren, Walter Morris, Elizabeth T., and David, to 
Illinois, settling on a farm near Chillicothe. Here a 
fourth child was born, who lived but a few weeks. 
On Sept. 21, 1838 death again entered this home, 
taking the wife and mother. She and her infant 
son sleep in the old LaSalle cemetery, north of 
Mossville, 111. After the death of his wife, Mr. 
Evans returned to Pennsylvania. There he mas mar- 
ried to Mary Ann Hill on March 18, 1841. Soon after 
his second marriage he returned to Illinois and 
bought the Pierce grist mill, located on Kickapoo 
creek in Radnor Township. This mill he operated, 
with the help of his sons, until his death. 

Radnor Township at that time was part of 
what was known as Benton Precinct, composed of 



The Evans Family 113 

Radnor and Kickapoo Townships. When the new- 
township was organized, Mr. Evans proposed the 
name Radnor — named for Radnor, Pennsylvania 
and Radnorshire, Wales, the home of his ancestors. 
He was one of the early supervisors of Radnor 
Township. 

In Pennsylvania, he and his wife were Bap- 
tists. There was no Baptist Church near their new 
home so with some friends they started what is 
now the Baptist church at Kickapoo, Illinois. 

Mr. Evans and his second wife were the par- 
ents of three children, Sarah Jane, who died at the 
age of eight years; Hannah Ann; and James 
Jenken. 

In his home on the banks of the Kickapoo, 
Evan Evans spent the remainder of his long life. 
On October 13, 1867, he was called from his earthly 
home and laid to rest in the Kickapoo cemetery. 
His wife followed him two years later. 

Walter M. Evans was born April 11, 1820, in 
Pennsylvania and died in Peoria County, March 28, 
1879. He married Mary Ann Dickenson in 1850. She 
died on October 9, 1899. They were the parents of 
four sons: Adolphus, who died in Peoria, July 15, 
1916; Evan, who died at Lamar, Mo., August 9) 
1920; David Griffith, who died in Peoria, June 11, 
1916; John Aaron, who died in Peoria, in 1910. 

Elizabeth T. Evans was born in Pennsylvania, 
May 17, 1821 and died at Chillicothe, Illinois, Octo- 
ber 7, 1861. She was married April 4, 1844, to 
Jesse Moffitt, who preceded her in death. They were 
the parents of five children, two dying in infancy. 
William C, the oldest, died in Texas in 1899. Sarah 
Celia (Mrs. Geo. Hall) died in California, Sept. 9, 
1922. David Jesse, died in Texas, April 26, 1917. 

David Evans was born in Montgomery County 
Pennsylvania, on October 11, 1829. He died in El 
Paso, Illinois on October 28, 1897. He was married 
to Mrs. Eunice Ryder on October 10, 1876. She died 
in 1915. 



114 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

Hannah Ann Evans was born in Peoria County, 
October 16, 1844. She was married to Daniel Gale 
on February 22, 1872. They now live in Cullom, Il- 
linois. One daughter and two sons were born to 
them. Feliciti Ann died in Cullom, March 1, 1920. 
Wilfred Evans lives in Colorado Springs, Colorado, 
and Humbert Warren in Pontiac, Illinois. 

James Jenken was born in Peoria County on 
April 10, 1848. He was married to Keziah Bishop, 
March 22, 1874. Both are now dead. They leave two 
children, Laura Eunice and Harry David. 

Aunt Hannah remembers hearing her father 
say that he thought some day carriages would go 
without horses. He did not expect to see it, but 
thought she might. She has lived not only to see 
automobiles, but enjoy riding in them. 



THE FOX FAMILY 

By Cyrus A. B. Fox, 1923 

I am reminded that I promised to write a brief 
history of our family's early entering into the citi- 
zenship of Valley Township, Stark County. 

My father, Carlton Augustus Fox, and my 
mother, Laura Fox, a daughter of Z. G. Bliss, who 
died in Princeville some years ago, were married 
about 1842 near Northampton, Peoria County. They 
settled in Galena, 111., where their first child was 
born, a boy named William who soon died and was 
buried in Galena. This caused the parents much 
grief and they pulled up stakes and went to Potosi, 
Washington County, Mo., where father worked as a 
lead and zinc miner for three or four years. There 
in a little old log cabin I was born Nov. 5, 1846. 

When I was about three years of age, father 
gave up mining and returned to Illinois, settling at 
Chillicothe where he worked in a packing house. 
About 1851 he took every cent he could spare and 
purchased an 1812 Soldier's Warrant and lo- 
cated it on the Valley Township quarter section. 



THE FOX FAMILY 115 

I was a very scrawny miserable little urchin 
for the first three years we were on this land, af- 
flicted with the fever and ague. Our house was just 
a cabin boarded up and down and battened, with 
the roof boards in place but no shingles for the 
first two years. The only dry place in it was the 
northeast corner where mother used to set me in 
my chair. There I would shake, my very teeth rat- 
tling till the fever became so violent that I had to 
be laid in bed, which was about every other day for 
almost three years. I surely was a burden on those 
early pioneer hands. 

Other children came, James, who lies in the 
old cemetery on the farm; Marion and Bell and 
Ella also lie in this cemetery along with father and 
mother, six of them here in the old Fox cemetery 
for all time. Brother Charles Henry is now living in 
Bakersfield, Calif., where he has become a leading 
dentist and an inventor of considerable note. Broth- 
er James H. served in the 11th 111. infantry and 
died in service near New Orleans; his remains were 
sent home for burial in 1864. I had one more 
brother, Lewis Amos, my beloved youngest brother, 
who died very suddenly at Sioux City, Iowa, ten 
years ago and lies entombed at the Mausoleum at 
Rose (Hill?) Cemetery, Chicago. 

I was too much emaciated in my army service 
to stand the work on the farm and was compelled to 
come north in order to build up. I had a hope of 
living a natural life span, which hope has been ful- 
filled to the number of three score and seventeen 
years. 

Note: Mr. Fox does not mention his own mili- 
tary record. He was fifer boy in Co. H., 86th Ills. 
Vol. Inf. He attended our Picnic in 1923, while on a 
trip to attend, also, Reunion at Peoria of the 86th 
Regiment — this Reunion having been the last offi- 
cial gathering of the "old guard" of the Civil War 
who are rapidly passing. Mr. Fox's home was in 
Sioux Falls, South Dakota, where he died on April 
10, 1926. 



116 HISTORY AXD REMINISCENCES 

THE GARRISON-CAMP FAMILIES 

By Charles Frank Camp, 1927 

The Garrisons came from England, and colon- 
ized in New Jersey about 1640 on the Tuckahoe 
River, the greater part of them "emigranting" to 
Ohio in 1820. The author's grandfather and great 
grandfather walked from New Jersey to Ohio, a 
trip of 21 days. 

Robert Garrison, Old Bobbj', came to Illinois in 
1852, settling in the Trenton neighborhood West of 
Spoon River in Knox county. He brought all his 
children with him, except Susan, later Mrs. Hart, 
who was born here. Joseph J. Camp, his cousin, 
who had prospected Peoria County two years 
earlier and O. K.'d it for the family, came with 
him. 

Robert Garrison had one brother, Ephraim 
Garrison, who came later and settled across Spoon 
River in Stark County. Also, had one sister Re- 
becca Camp, wife of Daniel Camp, who settled in 
Millbrook and one sister "Lot" Moore, who settled 
near Rock Island. 

Robert Garrison's father was Lemuel Garrison 
a soldier of the War of 1812 and one of four broth- 
ers to be in that war. It has always been a family 
story, that Lemuel gave out on the march, and his 
brother Parsons (pronounced Passons in New Jer- 
sey) carried him for four days and kept up with 
the rest of the company. Other stories were told of 
this brother's unusual strength. The other two 
brothers in War of 1812 were "Germy" and "Wine" 
(Arwin.) Another brother, Little Ed, was too lit- 
tle to go and a younger brother was Ben, besides 
several girls. 

Joseph J. Camp was son of Zephaniah Camp 
and Prudy Garrison, the latter a sister of Lemuel 
Garrison. Another uncle of his, Josiah Biggs, 
helped Commodore Perry row the life boat away 



THE GARRISON CAMP FAMILIES 117 

from the burning vessel in War of 1812, on the 
Great Lakes. 

Numerous other Garrisons went from the Ohio 
settlement as soldiers in every one of Uncle Sam's 
wars and Joseph J. Camp enlisted in the Civil War 
and went from Brimfieid. Joseph J. and his brother 
Arwin were ready to go into the War with Mexico 
on a certain Saturday evening: expected to start on 
Monday, then got word they were not needed. 

Robert Garrison married Rebecca Betson in 
Ohio and they had children as follows: 

Mary, who went back to Ohio and died there, a 
spinster ; 

Ruth, who married John Stubbs a brother of 
Richard Stubbs, Sr.; 

Jane, who married James Shockley, living be- 
tween Toulon and Lafayette; 

Maggie, who died single in Millbrook. 
Maria, who married Linsey Barnes and died in 
Millbrook. 

Lucinda, who married Toby Moats, and died in 
Nebraska. 

Thomas B. who moved to Kearney, Nebr. 
Besides the foregoing all born in Ohio as 
stated, Susan was born in Illinois and became the 
wife of Milton Hart, she having died some years 
ago in Millbrook, the mother of a large family. 

Joseph J. Camp married first Prudy Camp, a 
distant relative and by her had four children, Ar- 
win, James M., Mary (Albertson) who is still liv- 
ing near Blanchester, Ohio, aged 79, and William. 
After his trip to Illinois he went back to Ohio and 
married a second wife Elizabeth Suttles, bringing 
her and the four older children to Illinois. Born to 
the second marriage were the following eleven chil- 
dren: 

Amanda, wife of John W. Shull, now deceased; 

Rachel, who died when small; 

Rebecca, wife of Al Kingen, now deceased; 



118 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

Naomi Ann who died when about 11 years old; 

Lemuel Edward, who now lives near French 
Grove ; 

Dora Webber, wife of Zimri Webber, now living 
in Galesburg; 

Vi Kingen, wife of Geo. Kingen, deceased in 
state of Washington. 

Charles Frank Camp, residing in Princeville; 
Jeanette, wife of Franz Wirt, living near 
Laura. 

Hayes, living in Kewanee. 

Joseph J. Camp's brother Lemuel E. Camp, 
married Betty German in Ohio and to them were 
born the following: 

Hiram, who lived at Chillicothe, 111., now de- 
ceased ; 

Janie, wife of Thomas B. Garrison; 
Prudy, who died single; 
Melissa, who married Joseph Webber; 
Mary, who died single in Millbrook; 
Mina, who died single in Nebraska; 
Frank Marion, who was killed by a truck in 
Peoria in 1925. 

James M., living in California. 

Joseph J. Camp's brother Arwin G. Camp mar- 
ried Naomi Camp, a sister of Daniel Camp above 
mentioned, in Ohio. They had four children born 
in Ohio, as follows: 

Joseph, who died when little; 

Zepheniah "Jeff" who married Rebecca Weber. 

William, who married Jennie Lines; 

Mary, who married John Pigg. 

Also, one daughter born in Indiana, Maria, 
who married James Gray and now living in Chilli- 
cothe, Illinois; one daughter born in Illinois, Etta, 
is wife of Lew Conover. 



A PRINCEVILLE INVENTOR 119 

A PRINCEVILLE INVENTOR, JAMES R. 
HARRISON 

By II. E. Knoblauch, in Peoria Sunday Star, 1928 

A grain weighing attachment has recently been 
perfected by James R. Harrison of Peoria, for use 
on the new "combine" harvester-thresher. Mr. Har- 
rison was called on to perfect this device, because 
of his former success with the first grain weighing 
machine, used on threshing separators. 

Mr. Harrison was born August 1st, 1854 on a 
farm three miles south of Princeville, a son of Mr. 
and Mrs. William Harrison who had moved to Illi- 
nois from Virginia in 1849. He worked in the field 
after he was twelve. At that time horse power was 
the only power known to the farmer. It was slow, 
plodding, tedious work to harvest the crop each 
year. Harrison pondered. In the meantime he 
married and had three children. 

Then, about the year 1881 the first steam 
thresher in Illinois appeared. Mr. Ott Brassfield 
who farmed near Dunlap, purchased one of them. 
Harrison studied the machine, admired it and de- 
cided to try his hand at some kind of weigher that 
would enable the men to keep up with the new form 
of energy used on the farm. In 1883 he completed a 
machine which he fastened to the top of the eleva- 
tor. It was a cumbersome affair and weighed about 
625 pounds The little room over the shoe shop 
owned by Valentin Weber had been the work shop. 
Mr. Weber in fact worked with Mr. Harrison and 
was part owner of the patent obtained. 

The grain was elevated from bottom of the 
steam thresher to the top. Then it fell into a 
measuring device which held one bushel on each 
side of the trap. When one hopper was empty the 
other was filling and the grain then dropped into 
the conveyor, after being checked by an automatic 
counter. » askliiaft& 



120 HISTORY AND REMIXISCEXCES 

"The first year I made four machines. Svvet 
Ennis, a farmer near Monica, bought the first. 
Charlie Blood, Wyoming got the second and the 
third and fourth machines were purchased by 
Newton of Wyoming and Farder of North Hamp- 
ton. I don't recall their first names. 

In 1884 Weber and I made 15 of these ma- 
chines. We split the cost and divided the profits. 
Each machine brought S125. The patents were se- 
cured the following year. 

"In 1886 the Selby-Starr & Co.. Peoria, made 
200 of the weighers for us under contract, and a 
year later started building them on a royalty basis. 
This was kept up for 10 years; then the Selby- 
Starr Company bought the patents and made them 
for a few years, later selling out to the Hart Grain 
Weigher Company, Peoria, which had organized in 
the meantime. 

"In 1898 I went to the J. I. Case Threshing 
Machine Company. Racine, Wis., and stayed there 
three years, studying weighers. I made what is 
called the American weigher, and sold it to the 
Hart people. I came back to Peoria as a partner in 
this firm, and after a few years sold out my inter- 
est to my associates. 

"Then I built a weigher and a grader for the 
Rumeley Company, LaPorte. Indiana, remaining 
there one year. I rested awhile and then built a 
weigher for the Bell City Manufacturing Company 
of Racine. Shortly afterwards I retired, and would 
have remained in retirement except for this" — 
patting the new machine, which weighs only 15 
pounds. "That's all there is to my pedigree, so 
don't go spinning any fancy tales about me." 

Approximately 50 patents have been secured 
by Mr. Harrison. These cover a wide range of ar- 
ticles, including sewer traps and grain shockers. 
In addition, he had made any number of appliances 
to shorten his own steps, and never offered them 
for general use. For example: 



A PRICEVILLE INVENTOR 121 

On an automobile chassis he built a traveling 
house, which had seats for 14, room for eight 
around the table, beds for six, hot and cold running 
water, electric lights, gas heater, two stoves, 
shower and tub baths; yet weighed only 4200 
pounds and was capable of a continuous speed of 
50 miles per hour. 

He will build, shortly, another house car 
"which will combine many new principles and beat 
anything on the road." Harrison has retired, yes, 
but it's a different sort of retirement than one 
would consider for a man of 74. He still does all the 
repair work on a half dozen of his Peoria houses; 
makes weekly trips of several hundred miles; keeps 
track of his farms which are scattered throughout 
the country and of his large holdings at Panama; 
and does his own mechanical work on his car. 

If this be retirement, you can gain some idea of 
the life this "father of the grain weigher," as he 
has been called, led when he was active. 



THE HEINZ FAMILY OF KICKAPOO TOWNSHIP 

Material Furnished by Max J. Heinz, 1928 

Ancestors of this large family were Henry 
Heinz and Katherine, his wife, of Nausdorf, Hesse 
Cassel, Germany. They never came to America, but 
five of their children came, as follows: 

1. George Heinz, Sr., born March 28, 1813, 
died Aug. 22, 1890 ; married Katherine Henline, who 
was born July 20, 1813, died 1895 This couple 
landed in the United States in 1839, after an ocean 
trip of something more than ninety days by sail 
ship. Going from New York probably by canal and 
lake boats to Chicago, they came down the Illinois 
River, by tow boat which was drawn with long rope 
of some kind, by mule or oxen. 

Landing at Peoria, Mr. Heinz worked for 
"Captain Moss" at present site of Rome. His first 



122 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

year he received $5.00 in cash: and the second 
year, a cow and support of his family. Later he 
farmed right at Peoria, then purchased a email 
farm on Sec. 16, Kickapoo Township (now or form- 
erly Wm. Cramer's;) and at time of his death 
owned 360 acres of fertile land. 

All furniture was hand made, all cloth was 
hand spun. The first house was a log cabin, and in 
later years, a brick house. Mr. Heinz' first plow 
was a wooden mouldboard cutting 20 inches wide, 
drawn by oxen. His first wagons were hewed out 
of logs, and not a nail or iron of any kind used in 
their making. The wheels were sawed out of a log 
about three feet across; were eight or ten inches 
wide, with hole for axle in the wheel, drilled with a 
stone. For axle grease, soft soap. With these wag- 
ons trips were made to Chicago and back, with 
grain or dressed hogs to get money, as Peoria was 
only a trading post at that time. The trip to Chi- 
cago and back required six weeks time. Wagons 
went in trains, and by the end of the journey, or 
before, many wagons would be worn out, and some 
of the oxen perished on the way. There were no 
roads, only trails, and no bridges for crossing the 
streams. 

For lamps, a tin pan with grease or tallow, and 
a rag or some kind of cord sticking out at one end 
as a wick, served the purpose. There were no stoves 
for cooking, baking or heating, only the open fire- 
place. 

To this union were born five boys: 

Henry, born Sept. 26, 1840, died Aug. 22, 1881. 

Frank, born Oct. 19, 1842, died Oct. 22, 1922. 

George, born March 10, 1845. 

Andrew, born Sept. 25, 1847. 

John, born Dec. 30, 1849. 

2. Andrew Heinz, Sr., born Feb. 16, 1823, 

died , ; landed at New York in 1848, 

and came to Peoria by way of the lakes to Chicago 
and Illinois River. He worked for his brother 



THE HEINZ FAMILY OF KICKAPOO TOWNSHIP 123 

George, also in brickyard, cut wood and hauled it 
to Peoria for 75c a load, and also worked for C. B. 
& Q. railroad. Married Christina Reed in Kickapoo 
Township, who was also a native of Germany, a 
daughter of Morris Reed. There were seven chil- 
dren of this marriage: Fred, Henry, Andrew, 
George, Katie, Anna, and Theresa. 

3. Frederick Heinz, Sr., born May 19, 1827, 

died , ; landed in America 1848, and 

came direct to Kickapoo Township, where he joined 
his brother George. He married Eva Seibert from 
Hesse Darmstadt, Germany, who had come to 
America alone to live with her sister in Kickapoo 
Township. She died July 6, 1894. Mr. Heinz first 
purchased 80 acres of land, mostly timber, on Sec. 
16, for $500. He cleared off the timber and built a 
log cabin, which was later replaced with a brick 
house. Mr. Heinz at different times served as 
Supervisor, Road Commissioner and School Treas- 
urer of his Township. One child was born of this 
union, Anna M., who married John Brutcher. 

4. Wendel Heinz, landed in America 1848, 
worked for his brother George. He had team of 
horses, harness and wagon; then went to St. Louis 
to get some more things, but never returned and 
no word ever heard from him. 

5. Anna Margaret Heinz, born May 1, 1810, 
died March 11, 1895; married William Berckler, 
first husband, of Hesse Darmstadt, Germany, who 
was born in 1797; married Nicholas Hoffman, sec- 
ond husband, of Scharchbach, Germany, who was 
born Jan. 1, 1800 and died Nov. 30, 1868. Landed in 
America July 3, 1853, and to this union were born 
five children: John Hoffman, Maroa, Illinois; 
Nicholas Hoffman, Pottstown, Illinois; Peter Hoff- 
man, Iowa; Fred Hoffman, Maroa, Illinois; Eva 
Hoffman Laszell, Maroa, Illinois. 

The history of the Heinz family has been the 
history of Kickapoo Township, and the sturdy 
stock has spread and made its influence felt in 



124 



HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 



many other township and localities. An annual re- 
union is held at Silverleaf pavilion and following is 
the mailing list used for 1925 reunion: 



MAILING LIST OF THE HEINZ REUNION, 1925 



Mrs. Mary Heinz, 227 N. 

Underhill St., Peoria, 111. 
Mrs. Elizabeth Bienemann, 

227 N. Underhill St., Peo- 
ria, 111. 
Sylvester Bienemann, 4203 

Western Ave., Peoria, 111. 
Mrs. Marie Hooley, Peoria, 

111. 
Andrew Heinz, 846 Linn St., 

Peoria, 111. 
Felix J. Heinz, Burlington, 

Colorado. 
John Brutcher, Edwards, 111. 
Bernard Heinz, Jr., Edwards, 

m. 

Henry DeWulf, Princeville, 
111. 

Peter Knecht, Dunlap, 111. 

Frank A. Koch, Peoria, 111. 

Mrs. Maggie Heinz, Prince- 
ville, 111. 

Miss Chrissie Heinz, Prince- 
ville, 111. 

Alexander P. Heinz, Ed- 
wards, 111. 

Edward G. Knecht, Dunlap, 

ni. 

Albert Best, Edwards, 111. 
Wilbert Best, Peoria, 111. 
Charles P. Heinz, Dunlap. 

111. 
Frank G. Heinz, Alta, 111. 
Otho Heinz, Alta, 111. 



Geo. F. Heinz, Edwards, 111. 

Leo H. Heinz, Alta, 111. 

Gleen Dodd, 2400 Lincoln 
Ave., Peoria, 111. 

Mrs. Eva Dodd, 2400 Lin- 
coln Ave., Peoria, HI. 

Frank Loescher, 1100 N. 
Elizabeth St., Peoria, 111. 

Mrs. Stacia Heckard, 215 
Albion St., Peoria, 111. 

Joseph F. Heinz, Princeville, 
111. 

Leo F. Heinz, 509 W. Mc- 
Clure St., Peoria, 111. 

Henry Speck, Jr., Edwards, 
111. 

Joseph German, Sr., Prince- 
ville, ni. 

Miss Annie Heinz, Prince- 
ville, 111. 

John Heinz, Edwards, 111. 

Walter G. Heinz, Oak Hill, 
111. 

Walter Heinz, Edwards, 111. 

Joseph Schuely, 905 Fourth 
St., Peoria, 111. 

Lawrence Daily, Sr., Alta, 
HI. 

William Gilles, R. R. 2, Peo- 
ria, 111. 

Fred H. Heinz, Oak Hill, 111. 

Floyd Chambers, Alta, 111. 

Phillip G. Heinz, Peoria, HI. 

Edwards Jacobson, 221 El- 



MAILING LIST OF TH HEINZ REUNION 



125 



lis St., Peoria, 111. 
R. J. Heinz, 807 Peoria Ave., 

Ueoria, 111. 
Fred Heinz, Sr., Edwards, 

111. 
Frank Heinz, Edwards, 111. 
Anthony Heinz, Oak Hill, 

111. 
Geo. W. Stenger, Edwards, 

111. 
Mrs. Mary Kirchgessner, Ed- 
wards, 111. 
Clarence Best, Edwards, 111. 
Emil V. Heinz, Edwards, 111. 
Richard J. Heinz, Edwards, 

111. 

Arthur Heinz, Edlards, 111. 

Joseph G. Heinz, Edwards, 
111. 

Edward Heinz, Edwards, 111. 

Peter Heinz, Oak Hill, 111. 

Frank German, Dunlap, 111. 

Cletus M. German, Kamps- 
ville, 111. 

Henry Heinz, Sr., 733 W. Mc- 
Clure St., Peoria, 111. 

Gottlieb Heinz, 733 W. Mc- 
Clure St., Peoria, 111. 

Joseph AmRhein, Edwards, 
111. 

Andrew Am Rhein, 120 Col- 
lege Ave., Peoria, 111. 

Louis Meyer, Edwards, 111. 

Alonzo Hoffman, Peoria, 111. 
R. R. 2 

Nicholas Hoffman, Jr., Peo- 
ria, 111. R. R. 1. 

Mrs. Annie Hoffman 

Mrs. Kate Reinman 

Joseph V. Best, Edwards, 311. 



Edmund Best, 314 Gilbert 

St., Peoria, 111. 
Peter Best 
Frank Densberger, 744 W. 

McClure, Peoria, 111. 
Randolph Densberger, Peo- 
ria, 111. 
Edward Doran, Alta, 111. 
Andrew Heinz, Princeville, 

111. 
Chester F. Barfoot, 1121 W. 

McClure, Peoria, 111. 
Mrs. Anna M. Kranz, 107 

Fishgate St., Peoria, 111. 
Julius A. Heinz, Pesotum, 

111. 
Lucas Heinz, 504 E. Stough- 

ten St., Champaign, 111. 
Mrs. Mary Boschult, 424 W. 

9th St., Long Beach, Calif. 
Mrs. Kate Heinz, Cham- 
paign, 111. 
Delmar Heinz, 920 Evans 

Ave., Pueblo, Colorado. 
David Heinz, Lindsay, Nebr., 

R. R. 3. 
Mrs. Vivian Green (Care 

John Brutcher). 
Fred Hoffman, Edwards, 111. 
Mrs. Nellie Tenny Hoffman, 

912 Jackson St., Peoria, 

111. 
William Stewart, Kewanee, 

111. 
David Peacock, Kewanee, 111. 
Mrs. Nola Case, California 
Mrs. Gertrude Olson 
Lucas Heinz, Rohman Ave., 

Peoria, 111. 
Mrs. Al Heinz, 821 Fourth 



126 



HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 



St., Peoria, 111. 

Adam Heinz, Edwards, 111. 

Mrs. Bertha Trigger, Ed- 
wards, 111. 

William Heinz, 600 E. Vir- 
ginia Ave., Peoria, 111. 

Harry Heinz, Dunlap, 111. 

John Hoffman, Maroa, 111. 

Mrs. Lizzie Miller, Maroa, 
111. 

Mrs. Eva C. Laszell, Maroa, 
111. 

Henry E. Laszell, Maroa 
111. 

William F. Laszell (Care 
Eva Laszell.) 

Nicholas Hoffman 

Mrs. Kate Hoff 

John Hoffman, Jr. 

Frederick Hoffman, Maroa, 
111. 

Carl F. Hoffman 

William A. Hoffman 

Mrs. Elfrieda M. Dean 

William DePriest, 1130 E. 
Washington St., Clinton, 

ni. 

C. H. White, 315 S. Madison 
St., Clinton, 111. 

G. E. Heinz, 813 Frye Ave., 

Peoria, 111. 
George L. Heinz, 813 Frye 

Ave., Peoria, 111. 
Mrs. Mary Antoinette Shelly. 

Mrs. Adelia V. White 

Mrs. Minnie D. Diming, Ma- 
roa, 111. 

Mrs. Bertha M. Diming, Ma- 
roa, 111. 



Miss Lottie Berkler and 

mother, 214 Cayuga St., 

Storm Lake, Iowa 
Mrs. Kate Haub, Palmyra, 

Indiana. 
William F. Eerkler, Storm 

Lake, Iowa 
Mrs. Nettie Myers, Storm 

Lake, Iowa 
Mrs. Lela Jones, Storm 

Lake, Iowa. 
Mrs. Ada Denise, Lytton, 

Iowa 
John D. Berkler, Lytton, 

Iowa. 
Fred M. Berkler, Lytton, 

Iowa. 
Mrs. Amelia Colburn, Sioux 

Rapids, Iowa 
Mrs. Esther Myers, Sulphur 

Springs, Iowa 
Mrs. Willis Betz, 812 Pack- 
ard St., Decatur, 111. 
Carl S. Berkler, Argenta, 

111. 
William Gardner, Rocheport, 

Missouri. 
Vincel Little, Woodland- 

ville, Boone County, Mo. 
John Gardner, Rocheport, 

Mo. 
Carl J. Gardner, Rocheport, 

Mo. 
Alvin McQuitty, Woodland- 

ville, Boone Co., Mo. 
William H. Gardner, Roche- 
port, Mo. 

Mrs. Elsie C. Myers 
Frank J. Berkler, Lytton, 
Iowa 



MAILING LIST OF THE HEINZ REUNION 



127 



Samuel Berkler, Argenta, 

111. 
Leslie O. Mj'ers, Sulphur 

Springs, Iowa 
Howard C. Heinz, Pittsburg, 

Pa. 
Henry Heinz, Jr. 
Mrs. Annie Knobloch, 416 

Arcadia Ave., Peoria, 111. 
Mrs. Kate Rutherford, Fib- 

uron, Calif. 
Mrs. Tillie Newton, 911 W. 

Tremont St., Champaign, 

111. 
Ben Heinz, 419 Sherman St., 

Peoria, 111. 
Mrs. Fred Barger, 1524 E. 

Prairie St., Decatur, 111. 



Mrs. Ray Walker, Argenta, 
111. 

Nicholas Berkler, Argenta, 
111. 

Mrs. Darivin Fesler, 1249 W. 
Decatur St., Decatur, 111. 

William Lazelle, Maroa, 111. 

Frank Berkler, Gibson City, 
111. 

Mrs. Mary Baker, Emmets- 
burg, Iowa 

Mrs. Reese McCormick, 
Scranton, Iowa. 

Mrs. Sam Barger, Maroa, 
111. 

William Hoffman, East Peo- 
ria, 111. 



JULIUS H. HOPKINS 

By Nina Adeane Dawson, 1927 

Julius H. Hopkins was born in Peacham, Cale- 
donia County, Vermont on March 30, 1845, and was 
educated and graduated in the same town from 
grammar school and academy. His ancestry dated 
back to the landing of the Pilgrim Fathers, in the 
person of Stephen A. Hopkins, who came over in 
the Mayflower. Julius H. with his brothers, Henry 
H. and George L., were the only members of the 
family who came West, all settling in Illinois. 
Henry was judge of Peoria County for many years. 

Julius H. came to Illinois in 1869, and v/as for 
a time principal of the public schools in Prince- 
ville, 111. He also taught music, both vocal and in- 
strumental, for several years. On May 26, 1872, he 
was married to Mary Levira Benjamin, who was 
one of his music pupils at that time. He continued 
teaching for many years, after which he took up 



128 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

the study of law, being admitted to the bar about 
1885 or 1886, and continuing his practice until his 
last illness and death in 1906. 

His family have for him the tenderest of mem- 
ories as an upright and honorable man, devoted to 
his family in an unusual manner, wise in counsel 
and noble in training with purity and sympathy 
always uppermost in his mind. The following poem 
written by him in 1891, a tribute to his mother, re- 
flects his love and admiration for ideal home life. 



MY MOTHER 



My mother, thou art gone to rest, 
Now free from sorrow, pain and care. 
I know that while thou wast on earth, 

Of these thou surely hadst thy share. 
I know that thou didst share my grief, 

And kissed away my childish tears, 
And with thy loving, gentle voice 

Didst strive to calm my boyish fears. 
When but a child, each Sabbath Day 

You took me on your tired knee 
And told me of the narrow way 

Of Him who died for you and me. 
You taught me from the "Holy Book" 

Of Him who died on Calvary. 
And pointed out the "Way of Life" 

That leads to immortality. 
And as I think o'er childhood days, 

My heart doth sing this pleasing strain: 
Thou never caused thy child a tear, 

Or gave to him a moment's pain. 
And when life's cares so weigh me down 

They seem almost my soul to sever, 
'Tis then my memory turns to thee, 

My kind and gentle loving mother. 
All that I am or hope to be, 

I owe to thee, my patient mother. 
Thou wast so true a friend to me 






MY MOTHER 129 

The world can ne'er give such another. 
Tis true thy grave is far away; 

The sacred spot I long to see 
Where rests the cold and silent clay 

Of one 't was always kind to me. 
I know that thou must be in Heaven, 

Arrayed in white, where angels be. 
No sweeter life, no purer soul 

E'er crossed the crystal sea. 
And now, Farewell! my gentle mother, 

Thou art not gone for evermore, 
For if I live as thou taughtest me, 

I'll meet thee on the other shore. 



THE EBENEZER RUSSELL FAMILY 
By Mrs. Mary J. Russell, 1928 

Ebenezer Russell was the son of Thomas and 
Mary Russell of Beaver County, Pa. He was the 
eighth of a family of twelve children, and was born 
in Little Beaver township, Lawrence County, Pa., 
on November 13, 1811. 

At the age of eighteen he emigrated with his 
brother James to Fredricksburg, Ohio, where he 
went to work at blacksmithing. 

In 1834 he was married to Edith, daughter of 
Conrad and Sarah Emery of Holmes County, Ohio. 
In 1837 he removed with his family to a farm 
where he lived until the fall of 1840, when they 
came to Stark County and spent the winter with 
his father-in-law. 

This long journey was made in a covered 
wagon drawn by a team of horses. When they left 
Ohio, Mrs. Russell was unable to sit up all day, and 
could not get in and out of the wagon alone. But 
before they got through she improved so fast that 
she was able to walk two miles. Mr. Russell's sister 
came with them and she had a pony tied behind the 
wagon. Often when Mrs. Belle Palmer, then a child 



130 HISTOTY AND REMINISCENCES 

of six years, got tired of riding in the wagon, she 
was allowed to ride the pony. They thought the old 
family dog was left in Ohio, but somewhere in In- 
diana the dog caught up to them. They were so 
glad to see him that he was brought on to Illinois. 

They were about one month making the trip. 
When they got to Stark County they possessed _ a 
team, wagon and four children, and five dollars in 
money. Mrs. Russell did not like the prairies of 
Stark County, though all her folks were there. She 
would not consent to Mr. Russell's selling the team 
and wagon, but wanted to go back to Ohio again. 
After looking around for a location, he heard of 
Princeville and that there was no blacksmith here. 
The opening looked good to him, and as an induce- 
ment Mr. Stevens gave him a lot where the Lin- 
coln Highway filling station is now, or east of the 
hotel. 

When Mrs. Russell got as far as the hill out by 
the cemetery and saw the young trees, then came 
on further and saw the groves south, she at once 
said "Yes, I can live here." The trees were so small 
that deer could plainly be seen running around 
anywhere. 

When they moved down it was evening time. 
They went to the home of Mr. Stevens. He then 
lived where Mr. Edward Auten, Sr., lives now. They 
were welcomed in a real pioneer way, the family 
all coming out to the wagon and inviting them in 
to stay ah night. The next day they moved to a 
cabin that stood near where the Misses Edwards 
now own, until a cabin and shop could be built. 

They started to build a house where the M. E. 
Parsonage now stands but Mrs. Russell decided 
that town was no place to raise boys. So a carpenter 
who had just come from the east said if they 
would furnish men and horses he would take down 
the house, and put it up again for five dollars, and 
it was moved two miles east of town, and the fam- 
ily settled thereon the eighty acre farm which 



THE EBENEZER RUSPELL FAMILY 131 

they owned up till their death. It was known as 
the Russell homestead, and is now owned by Matt 
McDermott. 

Mr. Russell worked at his trade a long time. 
His shop was close to the four corners. One night 
when Mrs. Russell was caring for her sick child 
she accidentally put the lard lamp in the window. 
After awhile away into the night a man who was 
lost on the prairies was guided to their home. After 
that it was kept burning in the window for a long 
time. They had their religion, and politics, and 
later on the spelling and singing schools, apple and 
pumpkin paring bees, and the all-day visits. 

On one occasion the men, all but Dr. Cutter, 
went to Peoria to a political meeting. The women 
saw them off, and then decided the day would be 
lonely and long — Why couldn't they celebrate, as 
it was the Fourth of July? So Dr. Cutter said he 
would build a bower of twigs and limbs, so they 
would be in the shade, while the women fixed things 
for dinner. 

Mrs. Russell made and fried one bushel of 
doughnuts for her part of the dinner; Mrs. Belle 
Palmer and Jane Slane started out in the home- 
made wagon to the home of Mrs. Coburn, Mrs. 
May Dustin's mother, to bring her and the children 
to the celebration. They all enjoyed the day very 
much. 

When Mr. Russell moved to the farm there 
were only three or four families in the two miles. 
Many were the hardships they endured. There is 
passing now in my thought a beautiful panorama, 
seen replete with memories of their early life and 
mature years. Once more in their strength and 
vigor, they are neighbors and friends sharing the 
pleasures, hardships, and perils incident to a fron- 
tier life. Together they toiled and worked and 
planned while the wilderness and solitary places 
quickly changed into a busy fruitful garden of 
civilization. 



132 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

Mr. and Mrs. Russell were active members of the 
Princeville M. E. Church for more than fifty-five 
years. Their hands and prayers and thoughts inter- 
mingled with others in shaping the future of this 
community and in strengthening in form and fibre 
its social and religious life. In their early day be- 
fore the railroads came wild animals and Indians 
were occasionally seen upon the fenceless prairies, 
and long journeys by wagon and horse back were 
necessary to reach the market places. 

They truly were among the early pioneers of 
Peoria County, members of that courteous, God- 
fearing band that leveled the forests, broke the 
virgin prairie, and laid the foundation for the un- 
measured prosperity that has since come to the 
great middle West. 

Mr. and Mrs. Russell were the parents of thir- 
teen children. Five of them died early in life. The 
ones that married and settled were: First: Isabella, 
who married Wilson Palmer. They lived for awhile 
in Missouri and then came back to Princeville. Her 
character in religious matters was a shining 
example. She died June 18th, 1908. Mrs. Palmer 
had three children, Russell Elsworth, Eva, who 
died in infancy and Jane Arabelle. Mrs. Palmer in 
her earlier days taught school. 

(Mary E. was married to James Peters, and 
moved to a farm near Menlo, Iowa, where they lived 
till death claimed them. There were five children 
born to this couple. One of the boys lived on and 
now owns the old homestead in Iowa. Mrs. Peters 
taught school before her marriage. 

Conrad Emery married Matilda McMillin. 
After a few years of farming on one of his father's 
farms, this couple moved to a farm near Menlo, 
Iowa and just across the road from his sister 
Mary. Like the pioneers of Illinois, these people 
struggled, and together with their neighbors helped 
to make Iowa what it is today. To this union six 



THE EBENEZER RUSSELL FAMILY 133 

children were born, and one of the daughters lives 
on the homestead. 

Jane married John McGinnis and lived awhile 
on their farm near Prince ville and finally moved to 
Peoria where they made their home as long as they 
lived. There were no children born to this union. 
Mrs. McGinnis was a kind good neighbor and made 
many friends. 

Almina married John Giles. After a few years 
of farming near Princeville they bought land near 
Gilman, 111., and moved there. Mrs. Giles is still 
living; her delight is to be active in Christian 
work, building for eternity. Many kind deeds in car- 
ing for the sick and needy are credited to her. She 
is always looking on the bright side of everything. 
These people have four children. 

Clara married Philip Nelson. To this union four 
children were born. They lived on a farm for a 
number of years near Monica, 111., finally moving to 
Princeville. After a few happy busy years Mrs. 
Nelson passed away leaving her husband and four 
young children, and sad was the home without the 
loving wife and mother. And my memory goes back 
to a visit in Iowa where she had visited and where 
she sang a solo, in the church. The minister, years 
afterwards commented on it, and said he would 
never forget the song or the singer. 

Joseph married Mary Jane Squire and moved 
on to a farm until his father's death, when they 
bought a farm near Winterset, Iowa, and lived there 
till Mr. Russell's health began to fail. Then they 
returned to Princeville, the home of the Russell's, 
where he passed away during the last year of the 
World War, in 1918. " 

Melvin married Mary Moffitt and went to Iowa 
to live near Sac City. He farmed there for a year, 
when he sold out and moved to a farm near Stuart, 
Iowa, partly to be near his brother and sister. They 
have one daughter. Mell was a kind neighbor, ready 
to help at any time. He died rather suddenly while 



134 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

visiting his nephew in Peoria, after attending his 
brother-in-law's funeral in Gilman, 111. So those who 
read will see that all this family with the exception 
of Mrs. Giles have passed on. When Father Russell 
bought his second farm of a hundred and sixty 
acres now owned by Fred Asal he gave just three 
hundred dollars for the whole quarter. That was in 
pioneer days; today I doubt if three hundred dol- 
lars would buy one acre of it. Not much money 
changed hands in those days; it was mostly trade. 
Mr. Russell died Sept. 27, 1895; aged 83 years, 
10 months, and 14 days. Mrs. Russell died March 
22, 1896, aged 82 years, 6 months and 19 days. 



THE WALLIKER FAMILY 

By Jacob Walliker and William T. Walliker, 1928 

Our father Jacob Walliker was born at Staffa, 
Canton Zurich, Switzerland, Sept. 8, 1798. He lived 
for some years in Munich, Bavaria working at his 
trade of mason, and was married there in 1832. 
Shortly afterward he and his bride came to America 
landing after a sailing voyage of six weeks, in New 
Arleans. The first few years in America they lived 
in New Orleans, St. Louis, Beardstown, 111., and 
"Bloomington," now Muscatine, la. Father was an 
architect and draughtsman, as well as a mason ; quite 
intellectual, a great reader, and possessed of a re- 
markable memory, a faculty which he bequeathed 
to all his children. He could talk and read the Ger- 
man, French and English languages fluently; had 
been a great reader of the Bible, and could quote a 
large part of it upon occasion. The mother was born 
near Munich; readily adapted herself to the new 
country, America, and became a power for useful- 
ness both with her own family, and helping the 
neighbors in time of sickness. She helped bring 
more children into the world than most of the doc- 
tors in the vicinity. 



THE WALLIKER FAMILY 135 

Near Muscatine in 1835 they "took up" land 
and built themselves the home of pioneer farmers. 
They had a log cabin furnished as log cabins were 
in those days; they got their food and fuel and 
clothing in the primitive industrious pioneer ways. 
There was only one other white person in the 
County, but there were six hundred friendly In- 
dians who roamed the prairies at will. This was 
about three years after the Blackhawk War, and 
our folks never suffered any great inconvenience 
from them, except our mother, upon whom they 
played many pranks. For instance, if the young 
bucks spied her at any distance from the house, 
they would chase her with their ponies in order to 
see her run, and would then lay back on their ponies 
and laugh at her fear. 

At that time the only mill in the country was 
at Buffalo, and it took our father two days to go 
to the mill, have his grist ground, and return home. 
It was during one of these pilgrimages to the mill, 
that two Indians came to the cabin and asked our 
mother for bread. She had baked the last flour she 
had, and naturally wanted it for herself and child 
and told them that she had none. She had previous- 
ly hid it under her washed clothes. The Indians sat 
very quietly for some time, when one of them 
walked over to the clothes basket, and tipped it 
over, when out rolled the bread, two loaves. Each 
took a loaf, and ate it all, not leaving her a mouth- 
ful. 

Their trail led right by our cabin, and they 
usually stopped both going and coming, and at 
times there would be as many as twenty of them 
staying over night, and sleeping on the floor of 
the cabin. They were very friendly with father and 
always insisted on his drinking with them. He 
learned their language, and could converse with 
them in their own vernacular. 

The cabin consisted of one room with a loft, 
and later had a lean-to on the south for wood 



136 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

house, and another on the west for sleeping rooms. 
Roof was clapboards split from oak, about 4 inches 
wide and three feet long; these would warp and 
curl, but would shed water. Plenty of ventilation in 
time of now blizzards. Snow on the bedding was 
probably conductive to good health and long life. 
No stove, but instead, a large fire-place with two 
cranes for hanging kettles, and a set of andirons on 
which father would roll logs, often 1 ft. or Vfa ft. 
in a diameter, and 4 ft. long. As can be imagined, 
these logs made a good fire and the cabin was very 
warm in the winter. Our mother possessed a Dutch 
oven, which was considerably larger than a skillet, 
round and deep, in which she did her baking. 

When baking bread, she would put her dough 
in the Dutch oven, put on the cover, place it in the 
fireplace, cover it with burning coals, and leave it 
until done. 

In the early days she had to do as the In- 
dians did, grind her corn for corn bread and corn 
cakes, but she did this by grating it with a grater, 
not having a mortar such as the Indians used. For 
baking corn cakes she used a plain board, upon 
which she plastered her dough and then stood it 
up before the fire to bake. 

For light we had a "tallow dip" which con- 
sisted of an open iron utensil, not much larger than 
a tea cup. This was filled with tallow or lard, into 
which was laid a piece of tallow or cloth, the tip 
having been first dipped in its contents, and then 
lit with a coal from the fireplace, or by a stick 
lighted therein. "A dim light, do you say?" Well, it 
was all that we had, and long before the days of 
tallow candles, camphene, gas, kerosene, gasoline or 
electricity. These have all come marching along 
during our time upon the earth. 

We still remember our mother's old ash hop- 
per, from which she distilled her lye for making 
soap, both hard and soft. Although father had only 
a log cabin for a residence, he was the possessor 



THE WALLIKER FAMILY 137 

of a good barn. This was built of hardwood timbers, 
hewed from the native logs with broad axes, and 
fitted with adzes and augers and the frames fas- 
tened with wooden pins. This barn had two hay 
mows, one on each side of a wide drive way. The 
grain was first stacked in one mow, and threshed 
in the other, the straw being carried out of the rear 
door into the barnyard. In winter of 1853, father 
butchered 35 hogs sold at $1.50 per cwt., dressed 
weight and pay taken at the store in trade. 

The early pioneers were a happy people. The 
latch string always hung out, and a stranger was 
always welcome to a meal and a night's lodging. 
There were no invidious distinctions in this society, 
no upper class, no middle class and no lower class; 
all felt upon an equal footing, no man felt himself 
better than, or superior to his neighbor. That most 
despicable of human creatures, "the snob" had as 
yet, not shown up in the western country. 

The family lived in the log cabin near Musca- 
tine for twenty years. Father took one trip to Kan- 
sas, with view to locating there; instead, placed his 
oldest son, with another man for partner, on a 
claim bordering the Solomon River, a location that 
seemed favorable for a mill. Threatening Indians 
started the young men for home — and the family 
then located, 1855, in Clinton, Iowa. 

Brother Frederick had quite an experience, 
1860-1861 in company with a certain Capt. Swan- 
son, purchasing a flat boat, and taking a load of 
potatoes, onions and honey to New Orleans. The 
venture made no profit. Feeling was already strong 
against the election of Abraham Lincoln for Presi- 
dent, and Frederick and his partner had some 
rough-house experience at Cape Girardeau, Mo., on 
their way home; also the river steamer on which 
Fred was taking the last lap of his journey home, 
was fired upon by riflemen, when opposite Canton, 
Mo. 

In 1862 the family all came to the Southwest 



138 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

quarter of Section 8, Princeville Township, which 
has been a Walliker home ever since. There were 
ten children in the family: Julia Ann, married 
Charles Stengele; Frederick, who became a lawyer 
in Muscatine; Louisa and Matilda (often called 
Martha) who married brothers John J. and Ezen- 
ezer M. Armstrong; Mary who married Captain 
James Krom; Jacob Henry who became a lawyer 
in Clinton, Iowa, and held various offices in that 
city and County; Charles Minrod, who lives on the 
home farm in Princeville Township; Anna Magdal- 
ena who married Henry DeBord in 1877 and died 
the next year; Arnold Winkelried who became a 
lawyer at Clinton, Iowa; and William Theodore who 
with his brother Charles are the two members of 
the family who still live in the vicinity of Prince- 
ville, now surrounded by children and grandchil- 
dren. 

Jacob Walliker, the father, died in 1870 and 
sleeps in a grave on the Princeville Township farm 
which was his home. The mother died on the same 
farm in 1905. These two people had come in their 
youth from their native land to America, in order 
that their posterity might grow up in the new land 
of opportunity. They gave their lives to their ten 
children and lived to see them profit much by the 
sacrifices they made. Schools were rudimentary 
and not always near at hand. Yet somehow or other 
the children got what was a good education for 
their time. They went to High School, some of them 
to higher institutions. The sons became prominent 
in law and politics, or successful farmers. The 
daughters married ministers and other useful men. 

These ten children did not all stay in this com- 
munity but most of them went elsewhere to share 
in the building of some part of our Country. Only 
Charles and William remained here. Both were 
farmers. Each had that degree of financial success 
that enabled him to do well by his family and to 
carry on important community activities. They had 
a full share in improving the school of the White's 



THE WALLIKER FAMILY 139 

Grove neighborhood. They were loyal and useful 
members of the White's Grove Baptist Church that 
has done so much to lift up the lives of three gen- 
erations . 

Charles married on March 16, 1880, Elizabeth 
Dumbaugh, a native of Peoria County. They had 
three daughters, Mabel, now deceased, Mrs. Edna 
Fox and Elva. Mr. and Mrs. Walliker have lived 
lives of quiet force and usefulness in home, church 
and community. 

William married on Nov. 22, 1883, Miss Susie 
Stansbury of Brimfield, a prominent school teacher 
of Peoria and Stark Counties. To them were born 
seven children. The youngest, George Dewey, died 
in infancy. Those living are Fred, Charles, Sadie, 
Gladys, Reginald and Frances. 

Mr. William T. Walliker's business instincts 
expressed themselves in the purchase of land and 
with the help of his good wife and children he added 
to his holdings until he owned 450 acres. Besides 
the attention he gave to his private business he was 
always interested in public services, both local and 
national. In 1892 he was unanimously nominated 
for Congressman by the Populist Party. He was at 
home harvesting oats at the time of his nomination, 
but at once entered energetically into the campaign 
in behalf of the cause the Populists held dear, poll- 
ing more votes than any third party candidate had 
ever polled. In the spring of 1898 he was elected 
Supervisor of Princeville Township on the Demo- 
cratic ticket and served two terms. During this 
time he entered the race for State Representative 
and was beaten for the nomination by George 
Holmes of Akron Township by seven votes. He 
was selected as President of the Old Settlers Union 
of Princeville and vicinity and served for two 
terms. Mrs Walliker passed away January 30, 
1915, and five years later Mr. Walliker with his 
daughter Sadie moved from the farm to Peoria 
where he now resides. 



140 



HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 



BURIALS IN PRINCEVILLE TOWNSHIP 
CEMETERY 

Record Kept by Chas. J. Cheesman Since the Publishing of 

Volume 3 
Dates are Those of Burial, Not of Death 

(Corrections and Additions Invited) 



1922 






May 


29 


Charles Albert 


April 


27 


Mrs. Kate Stine 






Collins 


June 


20 


Daniel Klinck 


May 


31 


Sarah Bertram An- 


Aug. 


1 


Mrs. Eleanor Harri- 






drews 






son 


June 


23 


Russell McKee 


Aug. 


14 


Lemuel Auten 


July 


3 


Sarah Slane 


Sept. 


16 


Child of Mr. and 


July 


4 Infant Goodman 






Mrs. Leroy Gru- 


July 


9 


Wm. Fritz 






ner 


July 


25 


Lawson Fuller Lair 


Sept. 


20 


Robert Hart Hardy 


Aug. 


13 


Mae Humphries 


Sept. 


30 


Martha D. Renegar 






Corrington 


Oct. 


6 


Wm. H. Rice 


Aug. 


20 


George Dale Sniff 


Oct. 


7 


John Martin 


Sept. 


7 


Joseph W. Perkins 


Oct. 


16 


Chas. Edward Sheel- 


Sept. 


10 


Jessie Ellen Byers 






or 


Sept. 


10 


Mrs. Edwin Minkler 


Dec. 


11 


Warren Richard 


Sept. 


27 


Maude F. Sloan 






Barrett 


Sept. 


28 


John P. Bane 






Oct. 


22 


Wm. Albert Thomp- 


Dec. 


31 


Frederick Boliver 






cnn 






Blanchard 


Oct. 


24 


OUIJ 

Wm. Smitfc 


1923 






Oct. 


26 


Laura FU^j Huston 


Jan. 


13 


Mrs. Ida N. Johnson 


Nov. 


4 


Julia Simons 


Jan. 


18 Rebecca Dusten . 


Nov. 


27 


Angie Catherine 


Jan. 


21 


J. B. Ferguson 






Mushbaugh 


Feb. 


13 


Cecil L. Lair 


Dec. 


7 


Willis Burgess 


Feb. 


13 


Samuel Sylvester 
Slane 


Dec. 
1924 


17 


Maria Henry 


Feb. 


27 


Hannah Martin 


Jan. 


31 


Earl S. Willard 


Apr. 


5 


Lawrence Gedney 


Feb. 


5 


Francis M. Beall 


Apr. 


13 


Ida M. Fast 


Feb. 


23 


Charlotte Sloan 


Apr. 


19 


John A. Richmond 


Feb. 


23 


Francis Moffitt 


Apr. 


29 


Mrs. Rebecca Camp 


Feb. 


26 


Mary M. Beall 


May 


4 


Maggie Myrtle Sim- 


Feb. 


26 


Emma Wasson 






mons 


Mar. 


5 


E. C. Bronson 


May 


6 


Mrs. Sarah Hyde 


Mar. 


6 Chas. Matthew 


May 


22 


Edwin Henry Sny- 






Gillin 






der 


Mar. 


12 Alice Duggins Aby 


May 


22 


Eugene Earl Bur- 


Mar. 


29 


Martha J. Ortley 






gess 


Apr. 


2 


Daniel Miller 


May 


24 


Almira Stewart 


Apr. 


22 


Cecil Mae Bale 


May 


25 


Mrs. Alice Barrett 


Apr. 


25 Chas. Henry Colwell 



BURIALS IN PRINCEVILLE TOWNSHIP CEMETERY 



141 



May 
June 
June 
June 
June 
Aug. 
Aug. 

Aug. 
Aug. 
Sept. 
Sept. 
Oct. 
Nov. 
Dec. 
Dec. 
Dec. 
1925 
Jan. 
Feb. 
Feb. 
Mar. 
Apr. 
Apr. 
Apr. 
Apr. 
Apr. 
June 
July 
July 
July 
July 
July 



Aug. 



Aug. 



Aug. 

Sept. 

Oct. 

Oct. 

Oct. 

Nov. 

Nov. 



Nov. 
Nov. 



13 Sarah M. Thompson 
7 Albert C. Stewart 

14 Emma B. Ellis 
16 Jane Aten 

18 Louise B. Thompson 
7 Rebecca Kingen 
13 Leola Maud Mc- 
Millen 

22 Rachel S. Chase 
26 Inez LaMay 

11 Godfrey Fritz 

18 Carrie Smith 

16 Etta C. Bush 

7 Frederick Oertley 

30 Jennie Gordon 

31 Susan Simmons 
31 Lucinda McGinnis 

9 Frederick Gladfelter 

3 Mary A. Dowdall 

8 Robert Coats 

26 Richard C. Miller 

5 Mina Nixon 

17 James Telford Bliss 

19 William Hammer 

23 Elsie Gillin 

24 Wells Ross Sheelor 
16 Andrew Martin 

2 Unknown Male 
10 Sarah E. Parker 

13 Amelia Best 

14 Jas. Peacock 

20 William Burke 

Debord 

15 Raymond Frederick 

Kinnah 

16 James Martin Wil- 

liams 
20 Caroline Parents 

29 Donald E. Ellis 
5 Isaac Stowell 

5 Glen Coats 
26 Jas. B. Stewart 

4 Milton Lamberton 
13 Betty Jane Hilst- 

bold 
16 Marguerite E. Ed- 
wards 

18 Harriett Thompson 

Rowcliff 

30 Caroline E. Meaker 



Dec. 17 John Oertley 
Dec. 27 Selina Blakewell 
Dec. 31 Millard Howell Buck 
1926 

Jan. 18 John L. Stubbs 
Jan. 20 George Albert Was- 

son 
Feb. 14 Kneer Babe 
Unnamed 
Feb. 14 Kneer Babe 
Unnamed 
Feb. 15 Julia Roach 
Feb. 17 James Ford Row- 
cliff 
Feb. 20 Myrtle Ward Hotch- 

kiss 
Feb. 26 Elsie Belle Merritt 
Mar. 7 Jane A. Williams 
Mar. 12 William Taylor 
Mar. 13 Josephine E. Bel- 
ford 
Apr. 2 Sarah Staples 
Apr. 7 Elizabeth Rebecca 

Walkington 
Apr. 14 Albert J. Wilson 
Apr. 20 James M. Gordon 
May 17 Hugh Collins Cal- 
houn 
May 25 William Carleton 
May 26 Jane Ellen Somsag 
May 27 Mrs. Mary A. Cor- 

ney 
June 13 Agnes E. Tweddale 
June 19 Lydia Streeter 
July 17 Julia Elizabeth 

Henry 
July 26 Carroll Dwight Hale 
July 26 Robert Montgomery 
July 30 John Smith 
Sept. 3 Edward Duffy 
Sept. 22 Walter Smith 
Oct. 16 Mrs. A. E. Miles 
Nov. 19 Charles Burns 
Nov. 23 Arta Holly 
Dec. 4 George Coburn 
Dec. 22 Olive Rachel Bing- 
ham 
Dec. 24 Charles Edward 
Taylor 

Dec. 26 Laura Annes Parker 



142 



HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 



1927 






Nov. 


Jan. 


12 


Vera Sophia Bale 


Dec. 


Jan. 


14 


Elphia Solinda 








Gentry 


Dec. 


Jan. 


19 


Donald Eugene 


Dec. 






Mummert 


Dec. 


Jan. 


25 


Florline Mae Camp 


1928 


Jan. 


27 


Mary Augusta 


Jan. 






Romig 


Jan. 


Feb. 


8 


Francis Leroy Bane 




E eb. 


16 


Julia Gladfelter 


Jan. 


Feb. 


21 


Isabella Martin 


Feb. 


Mar. 


15 


Ellen Rose Belford 


Feb. 


Mar. 


18 


Sarah Katherine 


Feb. 






Hayes 


Mar. 


Mar. 


29 


Jesse May DeRolf 


Mar. 


Apr. 


8 


George Frederick 


Mar. 






Challacomb 


Apr. 


Apr, 


o 


John Smith Kinnah 


Apr. 


Apr. 


12 


Mrs. Margaret 
Barrett 


Apr. 


Apt\ 


30 


George Rigdcn 


May 


May 


9 


Anna Barr Yates 


May 


May 


11 


Elnora Williams 


May 


May 


25 


Claude Lee Ham- 


June 






mer 


June 


June 


5 Ola Clare Coburn 


June 


June 


20 Francis Parnell 


July 






Reis 


July 


Julv 


o 
45 


Mary H. Hodges 


July 


July 


2 


Josepb Meaker 


Julv 


Julv 


5 


Emma Geitner 


July 


July 


16 


Julia Auten Camp- 


Aug. 






bell 


Sept. 


July 


20 


Ella M. Wasson 


Sept. 


July 


31 


Aaron Williams 




Aug. 


18 


George R. Campbell 


Sept. 


Aug. 


24 


Patricia Murphy 


Sept. 


Aug. 


24 


Jack William Mur- 


Oct. 






phy 


Oct. 


Sept. 


5 


Mrs. Jane Meaker 




Sept. 


6 


Gust. Swanson 


Oct. 


Sept. 


23 


Zimri Weber 


Oct. 


Sept. 


27 


.Tames McGinnis 




Oct. 


19 


Nathan Austin 


Oct. 






Henderson 


Oct. 


Nov. 


14 


Fannie Cutler 




Nov. 


18 


Loren Morrow 


Dec. 


Nov. 


25 


Gottlieb Frederick 


Dec. 






Reicheneker 


Dec. 



27 Alexander D. Potts 

3 Leroy Erwin Dug- 

gins 
17 Alfred Harrold 
24 Sarah Jane Proctor 

27 Jennie M. Bateman 

4 Hazel E. Buck 

14 Elizabeth Ann 

Cooling 

15 William M. Keck 
8 Jas. O. Coburn 

26 Walter F. Stewart 
26 Melville L. Moody 
14 David S. Gray 
14 Emeline Taylor 

30 Frank Mulally 

3 James Adams 

5 James A. Gray 

22 Luther Clark Carle- 
ton 

8 Leighton L. Stewart 
26 Esther R. Auten 

31 Emma Gladfelter 
1 Isabelle Burgess 

22 Mary E. Whittaker 
29 Robt. Wm. Sinclair 

5 Henry Isaac Hart 

13 C. W. Hollis 

14 Sarah A. Tretheway 
19 Ellen Edwards 

26 Ida Kingen 
10 Robert Taylor 

4 Donald Lewis Gould 

6 Sarah Maria Fergu- 

son 
14 Edwin Edwards 
29 Mary A. Fritz 
1 7 Wilbur P. Hill 

23 Harry Stephen 

Berry 
23 James Albert 

28 Mrs. Samuel Mor- 

row 

29 Warren Bouten 

30 Clara Estella 

Kinnah 
1 Pearl Fussner 
3 Thomas H. DeBovv 

9 Martha Squire 



BURIALS IN PRINCEVILLE TOWNSHIP CEMETERY 



143 



Dec. 


10 Mrs. Ruth Burgess 


Dec. 


10 Gilbert Dale Wilson 


Dec. 


28 Sadie Adell Bliss 


1929 




Jan. 


7 William LaMay 


Jan. 


7 Mabel Walliker 


Jan. 


8 Oscar Noard 


Jan. 


15 Ann Stephens 


Jan. 


16 Albert M. Kingen 


Jan. 


20 Ellen Lonsdale 


Jan. 


22 Louisa Mankle 


Jan. 


26 Isabelle Owen 


Feb. 


6 George W. Row- 




cliff 


Feb. 


8 Otto F. Mahle 


Feb. 


25 Kathryn May Walk- 




ington 


Mar. 


13 Archie Bennett 




Ryan, Jr. 


Mar. 


16 Pluma R. Headley 


Mar. 


30 George W. Corbett 


Apr. 


1 Jos. Short 



Apr. 2 Paul Kenneth Oert- 

ley 
Apr. 3 Lucinda Hollis 
Apr. 5 Charles Sloan 
Apr. 6 John W. Dusten 
Apr. 6 Angeline Bertha 

Searl 
Apr. 18 May Belle Dusten 
Apr. 23 William Wiley Sim- 
mons. 
Apr. 30 Winfield Scott 

Weaver 
May 16 Alice Claire Barrett 
May 16 Mary Ward 
May 18 Myrtle LaMay 
May 24 Wilber H. LaMay 
May 28 Beatrice May Hyde 
May 29 Roy Owen Gilmore 
May 31 Oliver Perry Owen 
June 6 Elzada Sentz 
July 17 Harold Alexander 
Gray 
Infant Parrott 



BURIALS IN ST. MARY'S CEMETERY 
PRINCEVILLE 

From Parish Records, Since the Publishing of Vol. Ill 
Dates Are Those of Burial, Not of Death. 

(Corrections and Additions Invited.) 



1922 






1924 




Aug. 


7 


Mrs. Kate Johnston 


Jan. 


12 Joseph Roger 


Sept. 


13 


Mrs. Frank Kraus 


Jan. 


26 Mrs. Adam Rotter- 


Sept. 


13 


Miss Brida O'Byrne 




man 


Oct. 


14 


Wm. Geitner 


April 


16 Wm. Dempsey 


Oct. 


18 


Patrick Cully 


May 


31 Frank Kraus 


Nov. 


3 


Mrs. A. L. Mc- 


June 


23 Mrs. Nicholas Crilly 






Donnell 


Oct. 


10 M. J. Dempsey 


1923 






1925 




Jan. 


30 


Mrs. Michael 


May 


2 Mrs. John Purcell 






Noonen 


May 


2 Mrs. Merle McKown 


Mar. 


24 


Mrs. M. C. Kelly 


May 


5 John Geitner 


June 


25 


Infant child of 
James Smith 


July 


7 Mrs. James Byrnes, 
Sr. 


June 


28 


Sherman Hill 


July 


9 Peter O'Conner 


July 


6 


Andrew Murphy 


Sept. 


4 George Weber 



144 



HISTORY AXD REMIN'ISCEBCES 



28 

19 

28 



Oct. l r 
Nov. 12 
Dec. 

1926 
Feb. 
May 
June 17 
Oct. 22 
Nov. 26 

1927 
April 1 
June 11 
Aug. 1 
Nov. 9 

1928 
Feb. 
Feb. 
April 



6 

20 

2 



April 21 



Michael McDonna 
Joseph B. Weber 
Frank Christian 

James Cunningham 
John A. Nix 
Mrs. John O'Conner 
James Megan 
Mrs. John Nix 

John Morrissey 
Margaret Carroll 
Mrs. Mary Byrnes 
L. S. Hofer 

Wm. Hill 
Thos. Byrnes 
Elizabeth Duffy 
J. P. Byrnes 



May 


22 Mrs. Julia Harmon 


July 


23 Mrs. Elizabeth 




Boyle 


Aug. 


28 Mrs. Wm. Noonen 


Sept. 


13 Harold Weber 


Dec. 


27 Nicholas Crilly 


Dec. 


28 Mrs. Wm. Hill 


1929 




Jan. 


1 Robt. Evelhoch 


Jan 


9 James Lynch 


Feb. 


28 Mrs. Walter Morris 



sey 

April 3 Thos. Kelly 
April 23 Mrs. Barbara 



Ger- 



man 



May 23 Sanford Hill 
May 23 Michael McCarty 
May 27 Jos. Friedman 



BURIALS IN PROSPECT CEMETERY, 
DUNLAP, ILL. 

Compiled From Inscriptions on Monuments 
By DAVID H. HERVEY, 1928 

Corrections and Additions Invited 



Vera Rogers 1918 

Margaret Coomes La- 
May 1916 

Martha H., wife of Jo- 
seph Schroeder, Nov. 

4 _ 1915 

Catherine Schroeder, 

Jan. 9 1918 

Vern E., son of A. and 

G. Kuhn 1922 

Justina Schmidt, Dec. 

11 1908 

Donald Elwood 1915 

Infant Daughter 1904 

Children of P. and E. 
Stephens 

Clarence E _ 1911 

Vesta N - 1913 

Children of E. and A. C. 
Martin 



Anna C. Martin 1928 

Benjamin Frye 1925 

Ellen Mary Frye _ 1927 

Henry G. Wilson 1926 

Fern H. Symonds, June 

17 1913 

Seba H. Harker 1913 

Infant child of B. and 

E. Tucker, Oct. 2 1912 

Velma, daughter of M. 

and M. Scheeler 1915 

Walter Holtke, Oct. 25 1918 
Herbert Holtke, Soldier 1918 

William Holtke 1920 

Fredericka Holtke 1922 

Infant son. Holtke 1898 

Floyd B. Harlan 1921 

William H. Lee 1914 

Ralph Lee 1917 

Samuel Littick 1909 



BURIALS IN PROSPECT CEMETERY 



145 



Cordelia A. Littick 1923 

Oscar Littick 1909 

Nettie L. (Shipley) 

Knott -., 1924 

John C. Jackson 1924 

Ruby May Harker and 

Infant daughter 1928 

Anna Radley 1916 

Marie Ballou 1916 

Janet Lucile Ballou, 

Feb 1920 

Billy E. Goble - 1918 

Gordon Harlan 

Conrad W. Keller 1921 

Salina B. Keller (wife) 1927 

Carl L. Gienow 1926 

Bertha E. Gienow 1914 

Wilson N. Rogers 1918 

Eva L. Rogers 1919 

Lettie Faye Livingston 1917 

William Dempsey 1911 

Floyd, son of W. A. and 

N. M. Streitmatter 1908 

Edward C. Wilson 1911 

Harriet C. wife of James 

Kellar - 1901 

John Kellar 1859 

Esther Kellar 1880 

C. E. Kellar, son of J. 

G. and H. C. Kellar 1881 

Oliver son of N. H. and 

O. M. Kellar 1920 

Infant son of N. H. 

and O. M. Kellar 1920 

Effie J. Potter, wife of 

Walter Pullen 1918 

Minnie A. daughter of 
Devillo and Ellen Pot- 
ter 1894 

Asa G. Potter 1883 

John S. Potter 1889 

Ellen M. Potter 1899 

Charlie and Noel J., 
children of J. S. and 

Ellen Potter 1880 

Lydia, wife of F. J. Pot- 
ter 1890 

Mabel M., daughter of 
F. J. and Lydia Pot- 
ter 1924 



Mariam, wife of Thos. 

H. Keach 1917 

Lucy, daughter of T. A. 

and M. Keach 1891 

Clyde C. infant son of E. 

E. and A. O. Kendall...l893 

David Wolfe 1903 

Lucy A. Wolfe (wife of 

David) 1920 

Lucy J. Snyder 1909 

Mary A 1872 

George C 1892 

Children of John E. and 

Lucy Snyder 

Mother Snyder 

John C. Meyer 1898 

Sophia Meyer _ 1899 

John C. E. Meyer 1908 

John F. son of John C. 

E. and Anna Meyer 1897 

Infant daughter of J. 

and A. Earnst 1892 

Charles H. Keach „ 1896 

Marian A. Keach „....„ 1920 

Cora May, daughter of 

C. H. and M. A. 

Keach 1896 

Nellie May, daughter of 

G. and E. C. Holmes 1893 

Beldin Cooper 1915 

Cornelia B. Houston 

(his wife) 1905 

Alice Cooper 1892 

Emma Rogers (wife of 

A. J. Rogers) 1897 

Marion B. infant son of 

C. E. and L. Elyea. 1898 

Jacob C. Judd 1898 

Mary E. Judd 1917 

William G. Judd _ 1901 

Joseph Graze 1926 

Myra E. Graze 1924 

Luella R. Ditman 1902 

Duella R. Ditman 1902 

Nathaniel Richmond 1893 

George A. Rogers _ 1899 

Maria Rogers 1927 

May I. Harrison 1922 

Neva Ashbaugh 1920 

Tohn J. Ashbugh 1927 



146 



HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 



Sarah J. Ashbaugh 1914 

William Hakes 1900 

John W. LaMay 1904 

Verna S. daughter of 
J. L. and L. P. Stieg- 

ele 1910 

Wallace Matthews 1915 

Mabel F., daughter of 

E. and N. Matthews 1902 

Helen Mar., daughter of 
R. G. and J. G. Living- 
ston 1918 

Helen Mar. Glen 1907 

Lucile Clark 1905 

Clarence Clark 1892 

Children of Walter and 

H. B. Clark 
Marian, daughter of H. 
L. and M. K. Math- 
ews 1907 

Joseph A. Randall 1917 

Infant son 1909 

Children of F. and J. 

Randall 1909 

Sarah May Seelye 1926 

Elliott L. Breese 1908 

Sylvia B. Carter 1923 

Pauline Carter daughter 
of W. H. and Sylvia 

Carter 1918 

James B. Carlile 1914 

Mary J. Carlile 1912 

Dallas Carlile J.917 

Infant daughter of J. 
W. and C. Y. Potter 1912 

Charles Bennett 1922 

Gaylord 1910 

Lauretta Cramer 

Krause 1923 

Eliza A. Matthews 1929 

Rosalie B. Bootz 1910 

Clifford Bootz 1922 

William Pullen, Sr 1928 

George A. Pullen 

Jeanette Kuhn 1904 

Eleanor L. Poplette 

Allen Poplette 1924 

Eliza A. Miller 1887 

Ruth Miller 

Bessie Miller 



Albert G. Cline 1898 

Lydia Hyde Cline 1903 

Mattie A. Cline 1928 

Robert Cline 1849 

Harriet Cline 

Catherine B. Fleming 1887 

Alfred Paul Fleming 1880 

William H. Fleming 1882 

Rhoda Fleming 1881 

Mary G. Winn 1878 

Sherman Vaughn 1875 

Benjamin E. Gates 1852 

Mary G. P. Gates 1892 

Perry DeBolt 

Margaret A. Gates 

B. J. Gates 1905 

Charlie, infant son of 
J. F. and E. R. Gates 1871 

James H. Shane 1908 

Martha G. Shane 1917 

William Shane 1922 

James F. Shane J.874 

Sarah H. Shane, daugh- 
ter of T. H. and M. 

Shane 1880 

Osmond L. Nelson 1883 

Sarah Nelson 1807 

Belle Nelson 

Andrew Nelson, Sr 1903 

Josephine A. Nelson 1925 

Sarah B. Nelson 1895 

Eva K. Nelson 1909 

Ralph Nelson 1916 

Mary A. Rogers 1879 

James H. Rogers 1888 

Sarah A. Rogers 1908 

Irving Rogers 1902 

Everett H. Rogers 1872 

Mary S. Dunlap 1922 

John A. Dunlap J.866 

Addie E. Mooney 1925 

Charles M. Case 1903 

Thomas A. Artman 1875 

Rachel Artman 1873 

Sylvester M. Yates 1915 

Mary J. Yates 1919 

Anna Lura Yates 1872 

John Martin 1891 

Susanna Irwin Martin 1887 

Henry Aydelott 1924 



BURIALS IN PROSPECT CEMETERY 



147 



Anna Aydelott ,..1921 

William H. Cline 1900 

Libbie N. Cline 1924 

Harvey B. Greene 1905 

Margaret D. Greene 1910 

Elma Rose Greene 1884 

Infant (Greene) 1876 

John H. Parks 1925 

Dorothy G. Parks 1919 

Gardines G. Parks 1869 

Dora H. Parks 1879 

Mary J. Parks 1885 

Matthias W. Stine 1928 

Ha.ttie G. Stine 1897 

Harriet J. S. Armstrong 1898 

AVyatt Rose 1878 

Phebe Rose 1904 

Judson Parrish 1878 

Barbara K. Parrish 1920 

Earl Robert Pullen 1906 

Earnest John Pullen 1891 

Alfred Joseph Pullen 1883 

James Gratton 1928 

Mary Jane Gaydon Grat- 
ton 1891 

Willie Gratton 1884 

Mi not S. Rogers 1924 

Charlotte A. Rogers 1908 

Aquilla Huber 1926 

Louisa Huber 1884 

Anna M. Huber 18F9 

John Z. Huber 1897 

George W. Blake 1912 

Sarah H. Blake 1918 

Sarah E. Fossett 192^ 

Clara Koehler 1903 

Ervin F. Koehler 1901 

John Breer.e 1887 

Wm. Wallace Breese 1874 

Mary E. Moore 1873 

Tesse Potts 1872 

Sarah Alice Potts 1863 

Cyrus Potts 

Elizabeth W. Campbell 1858 

Mary R. Hervey 1890 

Mattie W. Hervey 1872 

William Y. Hervey 1872 

William G. Hervey 1871 

Nancy E. Hervey 1871 

Thomas H. Hervey 1864 



Elizabeth J. Hervey 1862 

Adda M. H. Bell 1856 

Martha Parks 1869 

Henry Hervey 1874 

Mary Hervey 1889 

Adam Yates 1865 

Sarah W. Yates 1901 

Irwin Yates 1850 

Edwin Yates 1851 

Adam E. Yates 1851 

Thomas Yates 1840 

Thomas A. Yates 1850 

Children of Adam and Sarah 
Yates 

John Hervey 1890 

Sarah Purcell Hervey .1856 

Cynthia Brown Hervey 1902 

John Will Hervey 1897 

Sarah Ida Hervey 1883 

James P. Hervey 1917 

Ida M. Hervey 

Clarence Ayling 1892 

John H. Ayling 1870 

Sarah B. Ayling 1871 

James Dobson 

Joseph Yates 1877 

Elizabeth G. Yates 1889 

Infant son (Yates) 1857 

Lina Eleanor Yates 1865 

Wm. H. Dutton 1863 

Isaac Dutton 1861 

Napoleon Dunlap 1902 

Eliza Dunlap 1904 

Thomas Dunlap _ 1850 

Eliza E. Dunlap 1864 

Walter Dunlap - 

Emeline Comp 1925 

Johnathan W. Rice 1865 

Sarah M. Dennis Rice 1908 

Elisha Rice 1918 

Elizabeth Stewart Rice 1924 

Francis Dennis 1920 

James Rice 1925 

Pauline Soboleski Rice 1901 

John Benjamin 1867 

Levira Benjamin 1886 

William Fritts 1868 

Polly Fritts 1868 

Clinton Brown 1901 

Elmina Adell Brown 1899 



148 



HISTORY AND UKMIXISCEXCES 



Martha N. Bright 1870 

Elsie Pearl Carter 1904 

Baby Brother Carter 1905 

George Purcell ...1871 

Margaret Farrar Pur- 
cell 1897 

Samuel B. Keady 1914 

Thomas Keady 1918 

Rebecca Keady 1922 

Alexander Keady 1926 

Maggie Wilder Keady ...1883 
Marion Keady Wilson 1901 
James K. Large (Rev.) 1858 
George Cairns (Rev.) 1863 
Rebekah Eliza Town- 
send 1897 

William Hodge Town- 
send * 1697 

Jefferson J. Greene 1916 

Mary Greene 1887 

Peter Cline 1882 

Miranda Cline 1907 

Freddie E. Cline 1867 

Thomas Shaw 1890 

Hannah Shaw 1892 

E. Jane Shaw 1909 

Margaret M. Shaw 1909 

Maria Shaw 1841 

Annie E. Shaw 1883 

Henry Shaw _ 1907 

James Smithers 1891 

George H. Hurst 1892 

Phoebe Shaw Hurst 1912 

Harry M. Hurst 1909 

E. H. Clarke 1926 

Abbie L. Green Clarke 1910 

William Osmond Clarke 1901 

Cora Belle Clarke 1905 

Robert E. Campbell 1908 

Donald F. Campbell 1906 

Clara E. Campbell 1925 

John R. Harrison 1911 

Hannah A. Harrison 1920 

Mary S. Harrison 1913 

Jacob W. Watson 1918 

James W. McKee 1911 

Mary M. McKee 1911 

George C. McKee 1920 

Robert R. Gates 1912 

Baby Gates _ 



Charles Edwards 1891 

Julia Edwards 1887 

Alice Edwards 1897 

Maurice Edwards 1901 

Amos Edwards 1839 

James Pollock 1916 

Melvina Cramer Pollock 1882 
Mary McCullcugh Pol- 
lock „ 1918 

Thomas Reed Byers 1926 

Mary Byers 1832 

John Templeton 1865 

George Overen 1924 

Rose Overen 1880 

Anna D. Wainwright 1867 

John Wainwright 

Marquis Wainwright 1879 

Francis P. Edwards 1892 

Francis H. Edwards 1887 

Infant son Edwards 1875 

Willard Edwards 1905 

Elizabeth Grant Will 1927 

Charles Will 1874 

Blanch Irene Will 1876 

Maude Elva Will .1880 

Otho Grant Will 1880 

Henry W. Keach 1892 

Lucy Keach 1887 

Rufus Keach 1863 

Margaret E. Lytle 1884 

Engcne Gramer 1853 

Anna M. Johnson 1859 

Alexander Cuthell 1859 

Gecrge F. Cramer 1891 

Margaret N. Cramer 1903 

Mary E. Cramer 1897 

Julia M. Cramer 1856 

Louisa Cramer 1862 

Denny Short 1922 

Nancy Margaret Short 1919 

William Yates 1883 

John Yates 1879 

Eleanor Yates 1895 

Harriet Maria Yates 1921 

Myrtle M. Yates 1875 

Thomas Yates, M. D 1886 

Mary Yates 1877 

Twin Babies Yates 

Mabel Lee 1903 

John T. Whitson 1858 



BURIALS IN PROSPECT CEMETERY 



149 



Charles Staples 1871 

James M. White 1855 

Hannah L. White 1887 

Josiah McCoy 1868 

Henry H. McCoy 1868 

Samuel G. Keady 1853 

Eleanor Keady 1881 

Infant son Keady 1849 

Kirk E. Brown 1867 

Emma D. Keady Brown 1922 

Peter Kelly 190S 

Mary Faris Keady Kel- 
ly 1925 

Robert M. Hamilton 1858 

Jane Y. Keady Hamilton 

Martin 1903 

Alice B. Bassett 1927 

David G. Hervey 1889 

Jane Yates Hervey 1854 

Martha E. Hervey 1892 

Alice M. Hildebrand 

Hervey 1892 

Wilma Fern Hervey 1918 

Infant son Hervey 1879 

Paul Dunlap 1882 

Matthias Young 1902 

Elizabeth Young 1898 

Evan L. Hibbs 1924 

Wilson Yates 1864 

Lydia H. Yates 1860 

George W. Yates 1854 

H. Wilson Yates 1864 

John Huey 1874 

Margaret H. Huey 1890 

Robert H. Huey 1866 

Mary R. Huey 1880 

Wm. Hervey Huey 1918 

Margaret Isabella Huey 1920 

Mary F. Manlove 1892 

C. M. Wilson 

Jennie A. Wilson 1904 

Henry A. Wilson 1894 

Wilma E. Yates 1900 

Charles E. Rogers 1897 

Danforth Seelye 1893 

Emeline Seelye 1850 

Ephriam Seelye 1855 

Lyman D. Seelye 1928 

Barnes Seelye 1859 



William Wilcox 1916 

Ruth S. Wilcox 1916 

Infant Wilcox 1885 

Edna Pearl Wilcox 1889 

James Martin 1856 

Byron Martin 1855 

Fred B. Kilgore 1865 

Calvin Blake _ 1881 

Nancy Blake 1869 

Abner Russell 1860 

Sarah Russell 1857 

Ensley B. Russell 1855 

Edgar Russell 1853 

Charlotte S. Russell 1850 

Charlotte S. Russell 1854 

Louisa A. Russell 1855 

Newton H. Buck 1860 

Charley A. Buck 1858 

Hanabel G. Adkinson 1858 

Levi R. Adkinson 1862 

Oscar Arnold Johnson. 1904 

Heinrich Stange 1899 

Michael Birkholz 1898 

Augustina Birkholz 1895 

William H. Cassidy 1917 

Sarah A. Cassity 1877 

Susan L. Cassity 1914 

Charles Allen ...Pyle 1918 

Infant son Whelpley 

Blanche Jackson 1903 

Infant son Jackson 1894 

Infant son Jackson 1902 

Neva Holtke 1904 

Infant Holtke 

Augusta Yates 1925 

Earl Robert Doe 1925 

Laura H. Bennett 1926 

Gordon Harlan 1926 

Clara V. Kellar 1926 

Mina E. Ca3e 1927 

Elizabeth Bullen 1927 

Sarah May Seelye 1926 

Wm. Pullen 1925 

John McMunn 1893 

Elizabeth A. Cline 

William Pollock 1885 

Sarah Isabel Pollock 1888 

Easton Clark - 1925 

Mary Clark 1925 



150 



HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 



Mabel Kuhn 1890 

Laura E. Witt 1923 

Eunice Whittamore 

Shippy 1891 



Sarah Shippy Lease 1894 

Bertha Lease 1893 

Martin Sturm _ 

William McFarland 1897 



BURIAL LIST OF THE LAWN RIDGE 
CEMETERY OF MARSHALL COUNTY, ILL. 

Compiled From the Stone Markers in the Cemetery, 

Aug. 1928 



By MRS. WINNIFRED STEWART 



Mary Stone -1849 

Henrietta Smith 1850-1851 

Sarah M. Grove 1792-1852 

Addison Turk 1851-1852 

Thomas Bell 1814-1853 

Montgomery Grove 1847-1853 
Charles Hopkins ...1831-1854 
Thomas Ferbrach ...1829-1854 

Peter Ferbrach 1798-1855 

Laura Speers _ 1854-1855 

Infant of Speers -1855 

Aiva Winans (?) .1856-1856 

Phoebe Webber 1826-1856 

William Turk 1827-1856 

Herman S. Briggs 1855-1856 
William W. Gallop 1824-1856 

Philip Dawyer 1801-1856 

Rose Ella Dwyer 1852-1858 

Infant of L. & M. 

Kittridge -1858 

Alvaro T. Conklin 1856-1856 

John Zink 1856-1857 

Rev. Jason Wells ...1809-1857 

Mary Hathaway 1824-1857 

Emma A. Brigg=s . -1857 
Dr. Robert Webber 1801-1857 
Mrs. Porter Lazell 1834-1857 

Ida Wright 1829-1858 

Edmund Swann 1839-1858 

Caroline Brigers 1825-1859 

Mary M. Hall -1859 

Sarah M. Pro vines -1859 

Saac P. Tavlor 18G0-1860 

Ida L. Weidman 1859-1860 
John Henry Powell 1847-1861 



George P. Perkins 1852^ 

Carey Hathaway 1861' 

Mary Hoadley 186L 

Edward E. Delong 1850' 

Emma Lyon 

Charles Reynolds ...1861' 

W. Allen Hurd I860' 

Frank Reynolds 1862' 

Hugh Crawford 1838 

Florence A. Smith 1858 

Nabby Hurd 1787 

Agnes Shearer 1844 

Elizabeth Ann Joh 1842 
Heneretta Hath- 
away 1832 

William H. Dwyer 

(Soldier) 1840 

William Beaird 1827 

Alfred F. Dubois 1863 

Frank Little _..1861 

Catherine Dwyer 

Selden Gallup 1859 

John Trowel (Sol- 
dier) 1806 

Lorcena Goodale 1852 

Jesse O. Dewey 1821 

Francis Lazell 1852 

Mary Earl 

Lucinda Faulkner 1821 

Anna B. Peck 1863 

Elan Dewey 1791 

Calvin Burdick 

(Soldier) 1S43 

Levi Burdick (Sol- 
dier) 1826 



1861 
1861 
1861 
1861 
1861 
1861 
1861 
1862 
1862 
1862 
1862 
1862 
1862 

-1862 

1862 
1862 
1863 
1863 

-1863 

1863 
1863 
1863 
1863 
1864 
1864 
1864 
1865 

1865 

1865 



BURIAL LIST OF LAWN RIDGE CEMETERY 



151 



Stephen Hurd 1787-1865 

John Zink 1799-1865 

John Grove 1786-1866 

Lena E. Atkinson 1866-1866 

Sarah Trim 1859-1866 

Mary R. Kilgore 1865-1866 

Nellie Wilson 1839-1866 

Minerva Dawson 1865-1866 

Hida Mallory 1865-1866 

Mary A. Houser 1808-1866 

George Houser 1865-1866 

Betsy Berry 1789-1866 

William Atkinson 1797-1866 

Phebe Potter 1792-1866 

Sarah Wiley 1805-1867 

William Dawson 

(Soldier) 1832-1867 

Hannah Hoadley 1837-1867 

William H. Kilgore.1862-1867 
Lorenzo P. Webber 1823-1868 

Amelia Ghert 1868-1868 

Oliver C. Speers.., 1850-1868 

Infant of J. M. 

and N. J. Potter 1868-1868 
Ruben Grove (Sol- 
dier) 1847-1869 

George W. Trim 

(Soldier) 1818-1869 

Wilhelminer Ghert 1868-1869 

Anna Foreman 1869-1869 

Mary Ann Burdick 1841-1869 
Mrs. Lewis Nar- 

more -1869 

Daniel Swann 1792-1869 

John Cooper ( Sol- 
dier) 1818-1870 

Louisa J. Cobb 1837-1870 

Mary Hagadone 1837-1870 

James T. Nixon 1856-1870 

Ivory Butler (Sol- 
dier 1812) 1795-1871 

Pemelia Burdick 1801-1870 

Mrs. Ivory Butler 

Sumner Smith 1856-1871 

Martin Wermer 1792-1871 

Emma Perkins -1871 

Mattie Wasson 1869-1871 

Jennie Lowell 1867-1872 

Emma L. Ghert 1870-1872 

Jennie Burdick 1832-1873 



Nora Wasson 1871-1873 

Nettie Wasson 1874-1874 

Alida Belle Stisser 1870-1874 
Mary Jane Gates 1833-1874 
Generva Whetmore 1824-1874 

Ida S. Ghert 1875-1875 

Francis Sweetman 1871-1875 

Emma J. Losee 1851-1875 

Amos Potter 1792-1876 

Palmer R. Potter ...1872-1877 

Angelia Perkins 1874-1877 

Edna A. Clifton 1877-1877 

Jennie M. Dawson 1876-1877 
Delia May Hotal- 

ing 1876-1877 

Edward Amen 1869-1877 

Evaline McVicker ...1815-1878 

Florence Taylor 1876-1878 

Anna Kelly 1854-1879 

Louisa Schanck -1879 

David Joh 1816-1879 

Emma L. Gehrt 1874-1879 

Rebbicca Swann 1796-1879 

John Schanck 1823-1880 

Louisa Hensel 1877-1880 

Leroy Whetmore 1824-1881 

Melchi Grove, (Sol- 
dier) 1820-1881 

Mary M. Weidman 1831-1881 

James Brooks -1881 

Elizabeth Wilson... 1813-1881 

H. G. Hurd 1806-1882 

Susan Hensel 1833-1882 

Charlotte Zink 1815-1882 

Arthur Youmans 

Albert Amen 1879-1882 

Mrs. Brown (Sol- 
dier's Widow) 

Harry Bayfield 1846-1882 

Sherman Burdick 1865-1883 

Harriet Webber 1803-1883 

Robert Beaton 1806-1883 

Jane Atkinson 1805-1884 

Cyrenius Dewey 

(Soldier) 1825-1884 

Allen Thurman 

Dowdall 1849-1884 

George Bragg 1859-1884 

Caleb S. Hall 1808-1884 

William Dawson 1872-1884 



152 



HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 



Thomas J. Faulk- 
ner 1813-1885 

Solomon Weidman 1811-1885 

Oscar Roll 1859-1886 

Maggie Dixon 1854-1886 

John Dixon 1833-1886 

Thomas M. Speers 1857-1886 

S. H. Grove 1859-1887 

Judith S. Joh 1880-1887 

Eliza Wier 1873-1888 

Dan F. Kendrick 

(Soldier) 

Catherine Green 1806-1888 

Daniel Green J.797-1888 

Eunice S. Blood 1815-1888 

Adam Crawford 1806-1889 

Mary Lyon 1818-1889 

William R. Parker 1 Year 

John Parker 1 Month 

Alfred Scruton 1818-1890 

Elvira R. Trim 1824-1890 

Charles Preston 

Gaumer 1890-1890 

Sidney Lyon 1818-1891 

Margaret Roll 1824-1891 

Prescott Blood 1810-1892 

Charles Stone 1813-1892 

Daisy E. Gallup 1865-1892 

John Speers 1822-1893 

Sarah Speers 1819-1893 

William Dunn, Sr 1825-1894 

Louisa A. Stillman 1823-1894 

James Pointon 1859-1895 

Louisa Dewey 1837-1895 

Jacob Wilson 1812-1895 

Miriam Kittredge... 1813-1895 

Sarah Kilgore 1831-1896 

Miriam Speers ...1896-1896 

Francis H. Green 1835-1897 

David Shearer 1813-1897 

Agnes Crawford 1813-1897 
Samuel P. Perkins 1821-1897 
Charles A. Har- 

roon 1864-1897 

Ida Alma Ghert 1877-1R98 

Leonard Kittredge 1812-1898 
Cornelia Whetmore 1824-1898 

Margaret Stone 1813-1898 

Lydia Scruton 1820-1899 

Robert S. Kilgore 1830-1900 



Perry C. Burdick ...1824-1900 

C. Y. Brayton 1858-1900 

Mrs. C. Y. Brayton 

Maria Brooks -1900 

Clara V. Speers 1868-1901 

James L. Dawson 1826-1901 
Charles P. Stisser 1828-1901 

Stephen Cornell 1828-1901 

Harry Cornell 1 Year 

Roy H. Cornell 1 Year 

L. V. Webber 1846-1901 

Mary Rapp 1830-1902 

Mary Dunn 1827-1902 

James Shane 1884-1902 

John Hensel 1819-1903 

Frederick Bragg 1818-1903 

Leona E. Coil 1903-1903 

Infant Dau. of J. 

E. & W. Stewart 1903-1903 

Lydia Hankins 1836-1903 

Edna G. Lyon 1891-1903 

Christina Pfeiffer 1832-1904 
Laura A. Sweet- 
man 1838-1904 

John W. Nickerson 1831-1904 
Minnie Gehrt and 

infant 1877-1904 

George H. Pritch- 

ard 1851-1904 

Turman Shafer 1895-1904 

John W. Dawson 1869-1904 

Lydia Perkins 1820-1905 

Anna E. Stocking 1829-1905 

Thomas K. Swann 1830-1905 
Harley E. Oertley 1905-1905 

Robert A. Green 1827-1905 

J. B. Hinman (Sol- 
dier) 1846-1905 

Mary Hall Sims 1836-1906 

Harry M. Clark 1894-1906 

Levi Hall 1839-1906 

Charles Dawson 1866-1906 

Nettie D. Stisser... 1880-1906 

John E. Kilgore 1871-1907 

Maurice P. Sims 1830-1907 

Anton Pfeiffer 1827-1907 

Jacob Amen „ 1838-1907 

Mary Cooper 1821-1907 

Ferdinand Krause 1839-1907 
Caroline F. Stisser 1837-1908 



BURIAL LIST OF LAWN RIDGE CEMETERY 



153 



John B. Phillips 1319-1'J08 

Bertha Kelloge 1908-1908 

Elizabeth Beaton ...1817-1908 
E. Catherine 

Speers 1860-1908 

Jacob Shullaw 1828-1909 

Charles Saxby 1819-1909 

Leonard Krause 1909-1909 

Blanch Kelloge 1910-1910 

Myra Brayton 1891-1910 

William S. Shul- 
law 1865-1910 

Charles H. Stone 1839-1910 
Ann Felker Shul- 
law 1824-1910 

Jane Bassett 

Bragg 1822-1910 

Anna R. Trim 1861-1911 

Julia Stone McCall 1843-1911 

E. H. Hallory 1834-1911 

Frank H. Hamilton 1874-1911 

Richard Dunn 1862-1912 

Lavenus Stillman 1827-1913 
Calvin Stillman 
Infant son of L. & 

A. Peugh 1913-1913 

Joseph Shafer 1868-1913 

Jennie Shafer 1868-1913 

Samuel J. Perkins 1875-1913 

Amelia Grove 1821-1914 

Maria Hanford 

Cornell 1831-1915 

Loretta Peck 1827-1915 

Sarah J. Burdick 1831-1915 

Katherine Ghert 1844-1915 

Jennie Brodbeck ...1854-1916 

Harold Muller 1915-1916 

Hannah E. Hurd 1845-1916 

John Sweetman 1831-1916 

Horace Johnson -1916 

Pearlie L. Webster 1906-1916 
Gladys M. Kilgore 1897-1917 

Alice Brooks 1865-1917 

Homer Leland 

Baker -1917 

Saxton T. Kelloge 

(Soldier) 1838-1917 

Catherine Nicker- 

son 1833-1918 

Serena Amen 1838-1918 



Angeline Dawson 1842 

Emeline Phillips 1832 

Baby Webb 1919 

Mary Evelyn Hen- 

sel 1919 

Ambrose Gehrt 

(Soldier) 1837 

C. Robert Nelson 1919 

William Foster 1852 

Charles Neff 1874 

Phillip Peck 1833 

Herman J. Budde ...1849 

Thomas Borttoff 

Albert Speers 1849 

Effie May Kepley 

Mary E. Turk 1855 

R. F. Stocking 

(Soldier) 1828 

Infant son of J. E. 

and W. Stewart 1922 

Milo Stocking 1867 

Infant of Mr. and 

Mrs. Clyde Mur- 
ray 

Joseph A. Peugh 1911 

Albert Shane 1844 

Marcella A. Stisser 1923 

Mary Dawson 1869 

Fern May Pritch- 

ard 1894 

Bessie M. Stisser 1881 

Laura A. Powell 1850 

Samuel P. Hankins 

(Soldier) 1833 

William Gray 1857 

Mary Smith 1835 

Mary Elizabeth 

Gaumer 1858 

John M. Gehrt 1834 

Sumner Perkins 1857 

Owen W. Hurd 1847 

Harry Everett Coil 1900 
June M. Libby, 2 

days _ 

Jean M. Libby, 2 

months 

Jane Rayfield 

Swann 1848 

Merton E. Webster 1884 
Anna Speers 1863 



1918 
1919 
1919 

1919 

1920 
1920 
1920 
•1920 
1920 
1921 
1921 
1921 
1921 
1922 



1922 
1923 



1923 
1923 
1923 
1924 
1925 

1925 
1925 
1926 

1926 
1926 
1926 

1926 
1926 
1927 
1927 
1927 

-1927 

-1927 

1927 
1928 
1928 



154 



HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 



Lucetta L. Stone ...1844-1928 Frank Blood 



Joseph Carter (Soldier) 
Mrs. Joseph Carter 
Lizzie Carter 
Clara Wenona Burdick, dau. 

of G. and B. Burdick 
Melvin Crone 
George Johnson 
Jas. B. Smith (Soldier) 
Mrs. Jas. B. Smith 
Jesse Gaumer 
James Gaumer 
Asher Gaumer 
Jesse Hurd 
Estella Shafer 
Cecil Shafer 
William V. Cooper 
Ada Blood 



Etta Hood 

Erma Quigg 

Henry Schenck 

Chris Sickles 

Mrs. Chris Sickles 

Montgomery Sickles (Sol- 
dier of 1812) 

Infant of Mr. and Mrs. 
Charles Mitchell 

Horace Hurd 

Henrietta Smith was the 
first one buried in the 
cemetery 

Mary Stone's body was 
moved here from the 
Stone Farm. 



LIST OF BURIALS IN FOX CEMETERY 

Near S. E. Corner Sec. 28, Valley Township 

Inscriptions Copied From Stones 
By STEWART CAMPBELL, 1928 



Some read with difficulty, some stones buried, some 
illegible and evidence that many graves have been moved 
away in recent years. 

George H. Hixson, Son of H. and S. J. Hixson, Died 
1881, aged 10 Years. 

John K., Son of P. and F. Felker, Died 1870, Aged 9 
Years. 

James Jackson, 1796-1871. 

Elizabeth Jackson, wife of James Jackson, Died 1876, 
Aged 80 Years. 

George Jackson, 1821-1888. 

In the same lot are two little stones marked J. J. and 
E. J. J. 

Nelson, Son of George and M. A. Jackson, Died 1864, 
age not legible, probably 2 years. 

Mattie H., daughter of J. and E. Jackson, Died 1874, 
Aged 16 Months 

Henry C, Son of J. and N. C. Birlingmair, Died 1859, 
Aged 3 Weeks. 

Sherman, Son of D. and N. Hodges, Died 1881, Aged 16 
Years. 



LIST OF BURIALS IN FOX CEMETERY 155 

Lorenzo M., Son of I. (?) R. and R. L. Crane, Died 
1862, Aged 1 Year. 

Lovina Ann, wife of Wm. Eby, Died 1870, Aged 38 
Years. 

Sally, wife of Harry Hull. Died 1862, aged 56 years. 

Carlton A. Fox, Died 1872, Aged 55 years. 

Laura Fox, 1823-1883. 

Francis M., Son of C. A. and L. Fox, died 1859, Aged 
8 years. 

Mabel, daughter of C. A. and L. Fox, Died 1860, Aged 10 
Months. 

James H., Son of C. A. and L. Fox. Died at Marine 
Hospital, New Orleans, La., 1865, Aged 16 years. A sailor 
or soldier in uniform is carved on the stone. 

Ella Nora, daughter of C. A. and L. Fox, Died 1872. 
Aged 10 Years. 

BURIALS IN OERTLEY CEMETERY 

S. E. \i Sec. 10, Akron Township 

Copied From Stone Markers 
By MRS. BARBARA CEHRT, 1928 

Baltassar Egger, Born in Switzerland April 20, 1835; 
died Sept. 4, 1860. Two wives of Baltassar Egger have no 

Tt\ ft T* \c P I* S 

Leonard Oertley, Died March 12, 1869, Aged 24 Years, 
Co. D, 11th 111. Cavalry. 

Henry Oertley, Born in Switzerland Aug. 19, 1806; died 
May 12, 1865. 

Anna, wife of Henry Oertley, formerly Grass, Born 
in Switzerland 1807; died Sept. 6, 1880. 

Catherine, wife of John Oertley, Died Jan. 25, 1881, 
Aged 45 Years, 1 Month, 19 Days. 

John Oertley, Born in St. Glarus, Switzerland, June 2, 
1833; died Dec. 16, 1904. 

Mable E., daughter of J. and M. Oertley, Born Aug. 
13, 1891; died July 23, 1893. 

Infants of F. and C. Oertley: Emma, Anna, William, 
Anna. 

Infant son of J. and C. Oertley: Henry. 

Two infants of M. J. Steinman. 

One infant of C. E. Oertley. 

One infant of Amiel Streitmatter. 

Amelia, daughter of Henry and Babetta Oertley, Born 
May 8, 1872; died Oct. 11, 1880. Body removed to Prince- 
ville Cemetery. 

Infant son of Jacob Oertley; Born Sept. 1904; died 
Sept. 1904. Body removed to Princeville cemetery. 



156 HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES 

BURIALS IN SCHIEBEL CEMETERY 

Near School Yard, S. W. corner N. W.V4 Sec. 25, Essex 

Township 

Data From Stones Copied 1928 

As Accurately as Possible 

By HENRY KLEPFER and STEWART CAMPBELL 



Gottlieb Schiebel, 1825-1908 

Rosina, wife of Gottlieb Schiebel, Died 1892; Age 65 
Years. 

Frank Schiebel, 1884-1912. 

Lizzie Schiebel, Died 1881; Age 17 Years. 

Minnie, Daughter of G. and R. Shiebel (so spelled on 
stone.) Date not legible; Age 8 Months. 

Chas. O., son of J. G. and R. Scheibel (so spelled on 
stone,) Died 1878; Age 3 Months. 

Gottfried Fritz, 1824-1897. 

Louisa, wife of Gottfried Fritz, 1827-1884. 

Christian Fritz, 1819-1902. 

Christian F. Fritz, Died 1874; Age 17 Years. 

Mary, wife of John Fritz, Died 1877; Age 18 Years. 

Also her two infant children. 

Willie, son of J. and M. Fritz, 1S77-1878. 

Dora B., daughter of J. and M. Fritz, 1899-1899. 

Caroline E. Fritz, Died 1874; Age 15 Years. 

Margaretha S. Fritz, Died 1874; Age 19 Years. 

Charles F. Schultz, 1810-1893. 

Juliana T., wife of Charles F. Schultz, 1815-1887. 

Charles N. Hull, 1836-1892. 

Calista E. Hull, 1845-1907. 

Mabel Hull, 1875-1876. 

Eugene D. Hull, 1876-1881. 

Florence M. Hull, 1879-1881. 

Emma Schiebel, wife of James Jackson, 1859-1904. 

Infant of James Jackson, Died 1884. 

Mamie B. Jackson, 1890-1905. 

Frank E. Bailey, 1861-1863. 

Arthur L. Bailey, 1868-1870. 

Sons of T. and S. E. Bailey. 

David Martin, 1846-1926, Co. D 47th regiment, 111. Inf. 

Austie Martin, 1875-1894. 

Sammie Martin. 

Infant son. 

The last three are sons of David and Eliza Jane Mar- 
tin. Graves not marked. 

John Axell Berg, 1850-1926. 

HannahAlbertina Berg, wife of above, 1855-1919. 

John Nelson, father of Mrs. Hannah Berg, Died 1907, 
grave not marked. 

Above three born in Sweden. 



BURIALS IN SCHIEBEL CEMETERY 



157 



Joseph Eby, Died 1882; Age 85 Years. 

William Dawson, Died 1885; Age 75 Years. 

Amelia Dawson, Died 1893; Age 88 Years. 

Minerva Dawson, 1837-1915. 

Clarincla Dawson, daughter of W. M. Dawson, Nov. 10, 
1844. 

Rachel, wife of John Koerner, 1841-1880. 

Sewell Smith, Died 1873; Age 63. 

Sarah M., wife of S. Smith, 1817-1885. 

Mary E., daughter of S. and S. M. Smith, Died 1858; 
Age 1 Year. 

Charles, son of S. and S. M. Smith, Died 1863; Age 5 
Years. 

Myra Mandana, daughter of S. and S. M. Smith, died 
1853. Age 12 Years. 

Edwin L. Smith, Died 1862; Age 21 Years, Co. K 86th 
111 Volunteers. 

Gottlieb Klepfer, 1832-1881. 

Henrietta Klepfer, 1841-1897. 

Albert Klepfer, Died 1831. 

Lizzie Klepfer, Died 1881. 

Matilda Klepfer, Died 1881. 

Charles Klepfer, Died 1881. 

Lulu, daughter of Wm. and Frederika Klepfer, Died 
1898. 

F. Gottlob Schulthriss, Geb. Feb., 13, 1871, Alter 31 
Jahre. 



BURIALS IN STRINGTOWN CEMETERY 

Since 1915, Down to Sept. 1, 1928 

From Records Kept by E. C. Gingrich, Overseer 
(Corrections and Additions Invited) 

1926 

Nov. 2 W. H. Alms 

1917 

Feb. Mrs. F. F. Brock- 

way 

Feb. 25 James M. Estep 

May 19 Maude M. Geary 

Dec. 11 Eugene L. Graves 

Dec. 29 Infant of Ben and 
Nellie Newman 
1918 

Jan. 25 Oliver Guard 

Jan. 30 Polly A. Armen- 
trout 

March 2 Clara E. Graves 

Oct. 30 Gussie H. Springer 



Oct. 


18 Mona Corlett 




Whitten 


1919 




April 


6 Ray Porter 


April 


8 Nellie E. Newman 


Aug. 


Infant of Lee and 




Martha Howell 


Dec. 


11 Noah Springer 


Dec. 


22 Robert L. Hungate 


1920 




Feb. 


8 Joseph B. Armen- 




trout 


Mar. 


11 Mason J. Brockway 


April 


14 Edith J. Sherman 


Sept. 


25 Fern Gingrich 


Dec. 


31 Wm. A. Mcintosh 



158 



HISTORY AND REMINISOEXCES 



1921 






1925 






Jan. 


16 


Eunice M. Gelvin 


Feb. 


14 


Elizabeth Estep 


Jan. 


17 


Mary M. Jones 


Feb. 


14 


Catherine Spencer 


Mar. 


10 


Ruth Cox 






White 


March 


Infant of Alice and 


Feb. 


25 


Margaret Califf 






Logan Best 


Apr. 


12 


John Barler 


Apr. 


19 


Frank B. Brady 


July 


19 


Albert M. Mclntire 


Dec. 


11 


Mary J. Graves 


Sept. 


7 


Eldon E. Graves 


1922 
Aug. 


22 


D. M. Perrill 


1926 
Feb. 


11 


Mary Eckley 
Howell 


Oct. 


9 


Harlan H. Hotchkiss 






Nov. 


5 


Virginia Brady 


Mar. 


8 


E. Geraldine Ging- 
rich 


1923 






June 


13 


Esther M. Armen- 


Jan. 


2 


James Minton 






trout 


Mar. 
May 


28 
3 


Edgar J. Whitten 
John T. Fox 


June 
1927 


26 


Henry Springer 


July 


3 


Amy Graves Bam- 


Mar. 


3 


Richard Callow 






ber 


July 


18 


Ollie M. Armen 


July 


16 


Infant son of A. & 
N. Fox 


1928 




trout 


Sept. 


8 


Myrtle M. Colwell 


Feb. 


4 


Martha Gelvin 


Sept. 


20 


Miles W. Mcintosh 


Mar. 


10 


Elizabeth Fox 


Nov. 


10 


Elwin E. Large 


June 


1 


Nellie B. Beach 


1924 






June 


11 


Charles Buskirk 


July 


14 


Rufus W. Teets 


June 


16 


Arminta Springer 


Nov. 


30 


Wm. Whitten 


July 


6 


Ruth Addis 



BURIALS IN GARDEN ON "CHRIST WOERTZ" 

FARM 

Near S. E. Corner, S. W. \i Sec. 3, Akron Township 
Inscriptions Copied From Stones 

By STEWART CAMPBELL, 1928 



Christian Kuhn, Died Dec. 12, 1865, Aged 61 Years. 

Michael Streitmatter, Died Sept. 4, 1868, Aged 68 
Years. 

Christena, daughter of G. & E. Streitmatter, Died Sept. 
15, 1864. Aged 1 Year. 

Louisa, daughter of G. and E. Streitmatter, Died Nov. 
10, 1865, Aged 11 Months. 

Son of G. and M. Streitmatter, Born 1857, Died 1871. 
(The name of the son is obliterated; stone is a little one, 
and lies flat. 



INDEX 



PAGE 

Address of Welcome 1925 5 

Ancient Skinning Knife 96 

Andrews, Dr. Luther Madan 101 

Blacksmiths, Early, of Princeville 60 

Blanchard, Frederick Boliver „ 101 

Bowman, John, Drops into Verse 21 

Breaking the Trail _ 35 

Breese, Mrs., Poetry 99 

Burials in Fox Cemetery 154 

Burials in Lawn Ridge Cemetery 150 

Burials in Oertley Cemetery 155 

Burials in Princeville Twp. Cemetery 140 

Burials in Prospect Cemetery, Dunlap 144 

Burials in Schiebel Cemetery 156 

Burials in Stringtown Cemetery 157 

Burials in St. Mary's Cemetery 143 

Burials in Woertz Farm Garden 158 

Camp-Garrison Families 116 

Church. Wm. W. Centenarian 104 

Christmas Day at Princeville 18 

Civil War Veterans 78 

Corbet, Daniel, Family 106 

Corbett, John G., Military Record 76 

Daughters of G. A. R., John F. French Fortress 79 

Dewolf, Captain David 109 

Doctors, Early, of Princeville 56 

Dream of Old Songs 4 

Early Blacksmiths of Princeville 60 

Early Doctors of Princeville j 56 

Early Grist Mills of Princeville 81 

Essex Township 87 

Evans Family 112 

Evans Mill « 85 

Fox Family _ „ 114 

Firsts and Seconds of Princeville 62 

Fourth of July at Princeville 10 

French, John F., Fortress, Daughters of G. A. R 79 

Garrison-Camp Families „ 116 

Greetings from Stark Co., 1928 „ 8 

Harrison, James R., Princeville, Inventor 119 

Heinz Family of Kickapoo Township , 121 

Hopkins, Julius H _ 127 

Hunting Wild Turkeys 98 

In Memory of the Day — The Fourth at Princeville 10 

In the Good Old Way 18 



INDEX — Continued 



PAGE 

Military Record of John G. Corbett - 76 

Old Home is Sold — Poem 69 

Peoria County Soils 71 

Personal Property in 1880 and Now 68 

Port of Princeville, John Bowman, Etc 21 

Politics at Princeville 26 

Princeville Marriage Bells 14 

Princeville Inventor, James R. Harrison 119 

Prospect Presbyterian Church of Dunlap 53 

Register of Voters in Princeville, 1889 64 

Russell, Ebenezer, Family - 129 

Senachwine, Last Chief of the Pottawatamies 97 

Social Life in Monica During the 80's 37 

Social Life at White's Grove - , - 50 

Soils, Peoria County - 71 

Stark Co., Towns Now But Memories 8 

Tomorrow 17 

Torches and Oil Cloth, and a Speech for Cleveland 31 

Valley Township - - 92 

Voters in Princeville Township, Register of 1869 64 

Walliker Family 134 

White's Grove Baptist Church 48 

White's Grove Social Life 50 



<££3# 



J. W. FRANKS & SONS 

PRINTERS 

PEORIA, ILL. 



UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS URBANA 
977 3520L1H C 001 

HISTORY AND REMINISCENCES. FROM THE RECO 




30112 





025392678