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Of the Renowned 


De la MA NC HA. 

Written in Spanish by 

Miguel de Cervantes Saavednu 

Translated by Several Hands s 
And Published by 

The late Mr MOT1EAVX. 

Adorn'd with New Sculptures. 

i '■ ■ 


RevisM a-new j and Cotre&ed, Reftify'd and Fill'd up, 
in Numberlefs Places, from the beft Sfanijb Edition j 

By Mr O Z E L L : 

Who, 'at the Bottom of the Pages, has likewife added 
(after fome few Corre&ions of his own, as will appear) 
Explanatory Notes, fromjAR v i s,0 u d i n, So b r i n o, 
Pineda, Gregorio, and the Royal Academy 
Dictionary of Madrid. 



Printed forW. Innys, R. War e, S. Birt, Land P. 
Kna*ton,T. Long man,D. Brow ne,C.Hit en, 

J.Hodges, A. Millar, J.Davidson, J. Haw* 
x i n s, J. and R. Ton son, J. War d, and M. Coot r 


,1 ft^ jt * JM 
v,>- .XT 

4 " ft'$ | $ t< f"ftfl4 > l l >l t H i» | t | e i H fr l l t| fr < f >l 


Life and Atchievements 

Of die renown'd 

Don Qu ixo t e dc la Ma n c h a. 

p a r t h. V O L. IV. 

chap, xxxvr. 

Containing ways and means for difincbanting the peerfeft 
Dukinea del Tobofo, being one of the mftfamui aa+ 
ventures in the. whole book. 

TH E duke and duchefs wette extremely diverted 
with the humours of their guefts : refolving 
therefore to improve their fport, by carrying oa 
fome pleafant defign, that might bear the ap- 
pearance of an adventure, they took the hint from Don 
Quixote's account of Montennos's cave, as a fubjelt 
from which they might raife an extraordinary entertain- 
ment : the rather, fince to the duchefs's amazement, 
Sancho*s fimplicity was fo great, as to believe that Dul- 
cinea del Tobofo was really inchanted, though he him- 
felf had been the firft contriver of the ftor y* and her only 

vo *. nr. » Ac«o 

% The life and achievements 

Accordingly, having given directions to their (errant* 
.that nothing might be wanting, and proposed a day for 
•hunting the wild boar, in five or fix days they were ready 
'to Jet out, with a train of huntfmen and other atten- 
dants pqt unbecoming the greateft prince. ■ They present- 
ed Don Quixote with a hunting-fuit, hut he refus'd it* 
alledging it fuperfluous, fince he was in a fhort time to 
return to the hard exercife of arms, and could carry no 
fumpters or wardrobes along with him : but Sancho rea- 
dily accep.ted one of fine green doth, with defign to fell 
Jt the firft opportunity. 

The day prefixed being come, Don Quixote arm'd* 
and Sancho equipp'djiimfelf in his new fuit, and mount- 
ing his afs, which he would not quit for a good horfe that 
was ofter'd him, he crowded in among the train of fportf- 
xnen* The duchefs alfo in a dreiTs both odd and gay, 
made one of the company. The knight, who was cour- 
tely itfelf, very gallantly would needs hold the reins of 
her palfrey, though the duke feem'd very unwilling to 
let him. -In"fhort, they came to* the fcene of their fport, 
"which was in a wood between two very high mountains, 
where alighting, and taking their feveral {lands, the 
duchefs with a pointed javelin in her hand, attended by 
the duke and Don Quixote, took her ftand in a place 
where they knew the boars were ufed to pafs through. 
The hunters polled themfelves in feveral lanes and paths 
as they mod conveniently could : but aa for Sancho, he 
chofe to flay behind *em ail with his Dapple, whom he 
would by no means leave, a moment,. for fear the. poor 
- creature fhould meet with fome fad accident* 

And now the chace began with full cry, the dogs 
opened, the horns founded, and the huntfmen holloo'd 
in fo loud a confort, that there was no hearing one ano- 
"ther." Soon after, a hideous boar, of a monftrou* fize, 
' came on, gnafhing his teeth and tufks, and foaming at 
' the mouth ; and being baited hard by the dogs, and fol- 
lowed clofe by the huntfmen, made furioufly towards the 
v yafs which Don Quixote had taken. "Whereupon the 

-yght grafping his fliield, and drawing his. fword, mov'd 
•aid to receive the raging beaft. The dukcjbin'd 


ef the renwnld Don -Quixote.- $ 

. him with a boar-fpear, and tKe duchefs would have been 

\ foremoft, had not) the duke prevented her. Sancho alone, 

i feeing the furious animal, refblv'd to ftift for one, and 

leaving Dapple, away he fcudded as fail at his lega would 

, carry him towards an high oak, to the top of which ha 

f endeavouT*d to clamber: but as he was getting up, one 

. of the boughs unluckily broke, and down he was turab- 

* ling, when a fhag or ftump of another bough caught 

• hdfitof his new coat, and fco£p*d his fall, flinging him in 

the air by the middle, fo that he could neither get up 

nor down. His fine green coat was torn, and he fancy'd 

every moment the wild boar was running that way with 

foaming chaps and dreadful tufks to tear him to pieces ; 

which fo difrurb'd him, that he roar'd and bellow'd for 

help, as if fome wld btaft had been devouring him in 

good earneft. 

At laffc the tufty boar was laid at his length with 
a number of pointed fpeart fix'd in him-; and Don 
Quixote being akrm'd by Sancho's noife, which he 
could djftingniih eafily, lookM about, and difcover'd 
him Swinging in the tree with his head downwards, 
and clofe by him poor Dapple,' who like a true friend 
never foribok him in his adverfity J for Cid Ha- 
met obferves,. that they were fuch true and infeparable 
friends, that Sancho was feldom feen without Dapple, of 
Dapple without Sancho. Don Quixote went and took 
down his fquire, who, as foon asTie was at liberty, be- 
gan to examine the damage his fine hunting-fuit had re- 
ceiv'd, which griev'd him to the tya\\ for he prized it 
ja much a's if it had made him heir to an eftate. 

Mean while the boar being laid acrofs a large mule, 
and cover' d with branches of rofemary and myrtle, was 
carry' d in triumph by the victorious huntfmen to a large 
field-tent, pitch'd in the middle of die wood, where aa 
excellent entertainment was provided fuhable to the 
magnificence of the founder m 

Sancho drew near the duchefs; and (hewing her his 
torn coat, Had we been hunting the hare now, or catch- 
ing of fparrows, quoth he, my coat might have flept ir 
a whole ficin, For my part, I wonder what plerfur 

% The life and atchievementi 

there can be in beating the buflies for a beaft, which if it 
does but come at yoo,will run it's plaguy tuihes in your 
guts, *nd be the death of you : J han't forgot an old fong 
Co this purpofe j 

May fate -of FahiU be tbine, 

Ana make thee food for bean orfwine. 

That Fabila, faid Don Quixote, was a king of the 
Gotht, who going a hunting once, was devoured by a* 
bear. That's it I fay, quoth Sancho ; and therefore why 
Jhould kings and other great folks run themfelves into 
into harm's way, when they may have fport enough 
without it : mercy on me ! what pleafure can you find, 
any of you all, in killing a poor beaft thaf never meant 
any harm ! You are miftaken, Sancho, faid the duke, 
hunting wild beafts is the moft proper exercife for knights 
and princes j for in the chace of a ftout noble beaft, may 
be reprefented the whole art of war, ftratagems, policy 
and ambufcades, with all other devices ufually pra&ifed 
to overcome an enemy with iafety. Here we are ex- 
t^os'd to the extremities of heat and cold ; eafe and lazi- 
xiefs can have no room in this diversion : by this we are 
jnur'd to toil and hardihip, our limbs are ftrengthen'd, 
our joints made fupple, and our whole body hale and 
active t in ihort, it- is an exercife that may be beneficial 
to many, and can be prejudicial to none ; and the moft 
enticing property is it's rarity, being plac'd above the 
reach of the vulgar, who may indeed enjoy the diverfion 
pf other forts of game, but not this nobler kind, nor that 
of hawking, a fport alfo referv'd for kings and perfons of 
quality. Therefore, Sancho, let me advife you to alter 
your opinion, againft you become a governor 5 for then 
you'll find the great advantage of thefe fports and diver- 
sions. You're out, far wide, Sir, quoth Sancho, 'twere 
better that a governor had his legs broken, and be laid 
«sp at home, than to be gadding abroad at this rate. 
"Iwould be a pretty bufinefs, forfooth, when poor people 
♦ome weary and tir'd to wait on the governor about bu» 

xhp that he ihpuljl be rambling about jtbe woods for 


of the rtnowrid Den QtftxOTE. $ 

kUpkafare! There wouti be a fweet government truly! 
Good faith, Sir, 1 think thefe fports and paftjmes are 
fitter for thofe that have nothing to do than for gover- 
noro. No, I intend my recreation fhall be a game at 
whifk at Chrifhnas, and nine-pins on Sundays and holi- 
day* - but for your hunting, as you call it, it goes migh- 
tily againft my calling and conference. I wifh with all 
my heart, faid the duke, that you prove as good as yOu 
prooufe { but faying and doing are different things. Well, 
veil, quoth Sancho, be it how it will, I fay that an ho* . 
neft man's word is as good as his bond. Heaven's help 
is better than early fifing. *Tk the belly makes the 
feet amble, and not the feet the belly. My meaning is* 
that with heaven's help, and my honed endeavours, I 
fhall govern better than any gofhawk. Do but put your 
finger in my mouth, and try if I can't bite. A curfe on 
thee, and thy impertinent proverbs, faid Don Quixote s 
fhall I never get thee to talk fenfe without a firing of that 
difagreeable fluff r I befeeth your Graces, do not coua» 
tenance this eternal dunce, or he will teaze your very 
fouls with a thoufand unfeafonable and inugiuncant old 
laws, for which I wifh his mouth flitch* d up, and my- 
felf a mifchief, if I hear him. Oh, Sir, faid the du- 
chefs, Sancho' 8 proverbs will always pleafe for their fen- 
tentious brevity, though they were as numerous as 3} 
printed collection ; and I allure you. I relifh 'em more 
than I would do others, that might be better, and more 
to the purpofe. 

After this, and fuch like diverting talk, they left the 
tent, and walk'd into the wood to fee whether any game 
had faU'n into their nets. Now, while they were thus 
intent upon their fport, the night drew on apace, and 
more cloudy and overcafl than was ufual at that time of 
the year, which was about niidfummer j but it happen' d 
very critically for the better carrying on the intended 
ctastrivance. A little while after the clofe of the even- 
ing, when it grew quite dark, in a moment the wood 
teemM all on Sre, and blaz'd in every quarter. This 
was attended hy an alarming found of trumpets, anr* 
etittr warlike inltruiacots, anfwerin£ one another froi 

8} " 

6 Tie lift find (Achievements 

all fides, as if feveral parties of horfe had! been Jbaltiljr 
marching through the wood t then presently was heard a 
confus'd noife of MooriJh cries, fuch as are us*d in join- 
ing battle, which together with the rattling of the drums, 
the loud found of t^re trumpets, and other inftruments of 
war, made fuch a hideous and dreadful confort in the air, 
that the duke was araaz'd, the duchefs aftoniuYd, Don 
Quixote was furpriz'd, and Sancho fhook like a leaf, 
and even thofc that knew the occafion of all this were 

This consternation caused a general filence, and by 
and by onp riding poft, equipp'd like a devil, pafs'd by 
the company,, winding a huge hollow horn, that made a 
Jlorrible hoarfe noife. Hark you, Poft, faid the duke, 
whither fo fail ? What are you ? and what parties of 
soldiers are thefe that march acrofs the wood ? I am the 
devil, cry'd the poft in a horrible tone, and go in quell 
pf Don Quixote dc la Mancha ; and thofe that are coming 
this way, are fix bands of necromancers, that conduct 
the peerlefs Dujcinea del Tobofo, inchanted in a trium- 
phant chariot. She is attended by that gallant French 
knight, Mopteunos, who comes to give information how 
ihe may be freed from inchantment. Wer't thou as 
much a devil, faid the duke, as thy horrid fliape fpeaka 
thee to be, thou wouldft have known this knight hers 
before fhee to be that Don Quixote de la Mancha whom 
thou feekeft. Before heaven, and on my conference, 
reply'd the devil, I never thought on't ; for I have fo 
many things in my head that it almoft dUfcracts me j I 
nad quite and clean forgot my errand. Surely, quoth 
Sancho, this jievil muft be a very honed fellow, and a 
good Chriftian ; for he fwears as devoutly by heaven and 
his confeience, as I ihould do ; and now I am apt to be- 
lieve there be forne good people even in hell. At the 
fame time the devil, directing himfelf to Don Quixote,- 
without dismounting j To thee, O knight of the lions, 
cry'd he, (and J winS thee fail in their claWs) to thee 
am I fent by the valiant but unfortunate Montefinos, 
to bid thee attend his coming in this very place, whither 
Vines one whom they call Pulcinea de] Tobofo, in 


tf the renowned Don Quixote. 7 

order to give thee inftru&ions touching her difinchant- 
ment. Now I have delivered my meffage, I muft fly, 
and the devils that are like me be with thee, and 
angels guard the reft. This faid, he winded his mon- 
ftrous horn, and, without ftaying for an anfwer, dis- 
appear d. ■ 

This increased the general cbnfternation^ hut moft of 
aRfurprizM Don Quixote and Sancho j the latter, to rind 
tint, in fpite of truth, they ftill would have Dulcinea 
to be inchanted 5 and die knight to think that the ad- 
ventures of Montefinos's cave were turn'd to reality. 
While he flood pondering thefe things in his thoughts y 

all the infernal powers indoVd me round. * So you may 
if you will, quoth Sancho, but if any more devils or 
horns come hither, they fhall as foon find me in Flanders 
as here. 

Now the night grew darker and darker, and feveraf 
ihooting lights were feen glancing up and down the wood, 
like meteors or glaring exhalations from the earth. 
Then was heard an horrid noife, like the creaking of 
the ungreas'd wheels of heavy waggons, from which 
piercing ungrateful (bund, bears and wolves therofelves 
are faid to fly. This odious jarring was prefently fc- 
conded by a greater, which feem'd to be the dreadful 
din and fhocks of four feveral engagements in each quar- 
ter of the wood, with all the founds and hurry of to. 
many join'd battles. On one fide were heard feveral 
peals of cannon ; on the other the difcharging of nu- 
merous vollies of fmall /hot ; heie the fhouts of the 
engaging parties that feem'd to be near at hand j there 
cries of the Moors that feem'd at a great diftance. In 
fhort, the ftrange confus'd intermixture of drums, 
trumpets, cornets, iorns, the thundering of the cannon, 
the rattling of the fmall (hot, the creaking of the 
wheels, and the cries of the combatants, made the moft 
difmal noife imaginable, and try'd Don Quixote's courage 
te the uttermoft. But poor Sancho was ajunhilated, am 


8 Vkh$ Ufe and fuhifiwynts 

fell into afwaon upon the duchefs's coats, who talcing 
tare of him, and ordering fome water to be fprinkkd in 
his face, at.laft recover'd hira,, : juft m theforemoft of 
the creaking carriages came; op, drawn by four heavy- 
oxen cover' d with mourning, and carrying a large lighted 
torch upon each horn. On the top of the cart or wag- 
gon was an exalted feat r on' which (ate- a venerable old 
nan, .with a beard as white as 4aow> and fo long that It 
reach* d down to his girdle. He was. clad in a long gown 
of black buckram, as were alio two devils that drove 
the waggons, both fo very monftrous and ugly, that 
Sancho having feen *em once, was fore'd to (hut his eyes, 
and would not venture upon, a fecond look. The cartj 
which was ftuck full of lights within, being approached 
to the Handing, the reverend old man flood up, and cry'd 
with a loud voice, X am tie /age Lirgander ; and the 
cart pafs'd on without one word more being fpoken* 
Then tbllow'd another cart with another grave old man, 
who making the cart flop at a convenient difbnee, rofe 
Up frtom his high feat, and in -as deep a tone as the firir, 
cry'd, / am the f age Alquif, great friend to Urgatufo 
the unknown $ and fo went forward. He was fec- 
ceeded by a third cart, that mov'd in the fame folemn 
pace, and bore a perfon not fo- ancient as the reft, but a 
robuft and fturdy, four-look'd, ill-favour'd fellow, who 
rofe up from his throne like the reft, and with a more 
hollow and devil-like voice, cry'd out, / ant Arcbe- 
laux the incbanter f the mortal enemy of Amadit da 
Gaul 9 and all bis race ; which faid, he pais'd by, 
like the other carts ; which taking a fliort turn, made a 
Bait, and the grating noife of the wheels ceafiag, an ex- 
cellent confort of fweet mufick was heard, which migh- 
tily comforted poor Sancho, and paffing with him for a 
good omen, my lady, (quoth he to the duchefs, from 
whom he would not budge an inch) there can be no 
mifchief fore where there's mufick. Very tree, (aid 
the ducheis, efpecially when there is brightness and 
light. Ay, but there's no light without An, replyM 
Sancho, and brightnefs comes moft from flames ; who 
' nows but thofe about us may bum us I bu£ mufick X 


of the renown 'd Den Qv l xer E . 9 

take to be always a fign of feafting and merriment* 
We mall know prefently what this will come to, faid 
Don Quixote ; and he iaid right, for you will find it in 
the next chapter. 


■ * 
Wbtrein is continued the information given to Don Quixote 
bow to difincbant Dulcinea, vntb other leottderfui 

WHEN the pleafant mnfick drew near, there 
appeared a ftately triumphant chariot, drawn 
by fix dun mules cOverM with white, upon each of 
which fat a penitent clad alfo in white, and holding a 
great lighted torch in his hand. The carriage was twice 
or thrice longer than any of the former, twelve other 
penitents being plae'd at the top and fides all in white, 
and bearing lLkewife each a lighted torch,' which made 
a daziing and furprifing appearance. There was a high 
throne erected at the further end, on which fat a nymph 
array'd in doth of filver, with many golden fpangles 
glittering all about her, which made her dreTs, though 
not rich, appear very glorious : her face was coverM 
with tranfparet gauze, through the flowing folds of 
which might bedefcry'd a moft beautiful face 5 and by 
the great light which the torches gave, it was eafy to 
difcern, that as flie was not lefs than feventeen years of 
age, neither could flic be thought above twenty. CJofe 
by her was a figure clad in a long.gown like that of a 
magiftrate, reaching down to it's feet, and it's head co- 
vered with a black veil. When they came directly 
oppofite to the* company, the fhawms or hautboys that 
play'd before, immediately ceas'd, and the Spanift harps 
and lutes, that were in the chariot, did the Kke 5 the 

the figure in the gown flood up, and- opening ft^s* 1 


jo . The life and ^achievements 

meats, and throwing away it's mourning veil, dJ(co~ 
ver'd a bare. and frightful fkeleton, that represented 
the deform'd figure of death ; which ftartTd Don 
Quixote, made Sancho's hones rattle in- his /kin fox 
fear, and caus'd the duke and the duchefs to feem more 
than commonly difturb'd. This living death being thus 
got dp, in a dull* heav) fleeplng tone, as If it's tongue 
had not been well awake, began in this manner. 


> E HO L D old Merlin, in romantick writ, 
MifcaWd tbefpurious progeny of bell j 
Afaljbood current with thefiamf of age : 
I reign the prince of Zoroafic fcience, 
That oft evokes and rates tie rigid pcwrss 
Archive of fate's dread records jn the skies* 
Coevout with the chivalry of yore j 
All brave knigbts-errantAilirve deemed my charge. 
Heirs of my love, and Jav* rites of my charms* 

While other magickfeers amerfefrom good, 
Are dire and baleful tike the fiat of woe, 
My nobler foul, where power and pity join, 
Dtffufes bUJfngs r as they fcatter plagues. 

Deep in the nether world, the dreary cava 
Where my retreated foul infikntflate, 
Forms myftick figures and tremendous fpells, 
J heard the peeriefs Dulcinea*s moans. 

Apprized of her difirefs, ber frightful change. 
From princely fiate, and beauty near divine, 
To tbe^ vjle jemblance of a ruftick fuean, 
The dire mifdeedof necromantick hate .* 
Ifympatbyz'd, and awfully revoked 
Choice fifty tboujand fcrolls, occult and hath* d, 
Some of my art, hell's black phibfophy \ 
Then closed my foul within this bony trunk, 
This ghaftly form, the ruins of a man j 
^nd rife in pity to reveal a cure 

'ves Jo great, and break tbt curftd ffrcfl. 

ef the renown y d Dm Quixote. 11 

glory tbou of all that ire could grace 
A coat of fleet, ■ and fence of adamant ! 
light, lantborn, path, and polar ftar and guide 
ft all who dare dtfmifs ignoble flerp 
' And downy fleep fir extra fe of arms, 
Fortoih continual, perils, wounds and blood t 
'Knight of unfafbonfd worth, abyfs of prat fe, 
Wotblend'fl in one the prudent and the brave t 
Qotbee great ghtixote, I this truth declare 3 
9&at to reftore her to berflate and form, 
wkfo't pride, the peer left Dulcinea, 
*thfate s decree, that Sane bo, thy good fyuire, 
$n bis bare brawny buttocks fiou/dbeflow 
Vbree thoufand lajbes, and eke three hundred more, 
Zaebto affli&, and fling, and gall him fore* 
So Jball relent the authors of her woes, . 

wbefe awful will J for her cafe difclofe. 

Body o*me, <juoth Sancho, three thoufand lathes ! I 
gon*t give my fetf three ; TCI as foon give my fclf three 
labs in the guts. May you and your difinchanting go 
to the devil. What a pbgue have my buttocks to do 
frith the black-art ? pamon of my heart ! mafter Mer- 
«&, if you have no better way for difinchanting the lady 
Dulcinea, fhe may e'en lie bewitch' d to her dying day 
fer me. 

How now, opprobrious rafcall cryMDon Quixote, 
inking garlick-eater ! firrah, I will take you and tie 
your dogfhip to a tree) as naked as your mother bore 
J*u ; and there I will not only give you three thoufand 
&ree hundred lames, but fix thoufand fix hundred, ye 
Wet, and fo fmartly, that you fliall feel 'emftill though 
fbu rub your backfide three thoufand times, fcoundrel* 
tofwer me a word, you rogue, and TCr tear out your 
«oi- Hold, hold, cry'd Merlin, hearing this, this muft 
tot be ; the ibripes inflicted on 'honeftSanchoi tnuft be 
tofantary, without compulfion, and only laid on when 
k thinks moft convenient. No fct time is for the taflc 
tfix'd, and if he has a mind to have abated one halt 
tf this atonement, 't» allow'd 5 provided the »« na / n " 

1% 7%e life and aichuvermnts 

ing ftripes be Aruck by a ftrange band, and heavil 
laid on. 

Hold you there, quoth Sancho, neither a ftrange ban 
nor my own, neither heavy nor light (hall touch m 
bum. What a pox, did I bring madam Dulcinea de 
Tobofo into the world, that my hind parts mould pay fo 
the harm Jher eyes have done $ let my mailer Don Quix 
ote whip hjmfelf, he's a part of her j he calls her, eve* 
ry foot, my life, my foul, myfuftenance, my comfort, 
and all that. So e'en let him jirk out her inchantment 
at his own bum*6 coft, but as for any whipping of me, J 
deny and pronounce * it flat and plain. 

No fooner ha^ Sancho thus fpoke his mind, but the 
nymph that fat by Merlin's ghoft in the glittering ap- 
parel, rifing,.and lifting up her thin veil, difcover'd a 
very beautiful face ; and with a mafculine grace, but no 
very agreeable .voice, addreffing Sancho $ O thou dif- 
aftrous fquire, faid fhe, thou lump with no more foul 
than a broken pitcher, heart of cork, and bowels of 
flint ! had' ft thou been commanded, bafe fheep-ftealer, 
to have thrown thy felf headlong from the top of a high 
tower to the ground ; had' ft thou been delir'd, enemy of 
mankind, to have fwaliow*d a dozen of toads, two dozen 
of lizards, and three dozen of makes ; or hadft thou 
been requefted to have butcher' d thy wife and children, I 
mould not wonder that it had" turn' d thy fqueamiih fto- 
tnach : but to make fuch a hefitation at three thoufand 
three hundred ftripes, which every pony fchool-boy 
makes nothing of receiving every month, 'tis amazing, 
nay aftonifhing to the tender and commiserating bowels of I 
all that hear thee, and will be a blot in thy fcutcheon to I 
all futurity. Look up, thou wretched and marble-hearU 
cd animal j look up, and fix thy huge louring gogglsa 
eves upon the bright luminaries of my fight : behold! 
thefe briny torrents, which, ftreaming down, furrow tbt 
flowery meadows of my cheeks : relent, bafe and ine*» 
orable monfter, relent j let thy forage hreaft confefs at 
laft a fenfe of my diftrefs : and, mov'd with the tender* 

• A blunder of Sancbes, for renounce. 


ef the renown' d Don Quixote. 13 

neis of my youth, that confumes and withers in this 
vile transformation, crack this fordid fltell of rufticity 
that mvelopes my blooming charms. In vain has the 
goodneft of Merlin permitted me to reaftume a while my 
native fliape, fince neither that nor the tears of beauty in 
affliction, which are faid to reduce obdurate rocks to the 
fcftaefs of cotton, and tygers to the tendernefs of lambs, 
ate rufHcient to melt thy haggard breaft. Scourge, 
feonrge that brawny hide of thine, ftubborn and unre- 
lenting brute, that coarfe inclofure of thy coarfer foul, 
and roufe up thus thyfelf from that bafe floth, that 
makes thee live only to eat and pamper thy lazy fleffi, 
indulging ftill thy voracious appetite. Reftore me the 
delicacy of my fein, the fweetnefs of my difpofition, 
and the beauty of my face. But if my intreaties and 
tears cannot work thee into a reafbnable compliance, if 
I am not yet rufficiently wretched to move thy pity, at 
kaftlet the angui/h of that miferable knight, thy tender 
matter, mollify thy heart. Alas ! I fee his very foul 
juft at his throat, and flicking not ten inches from his 
lips, waiting only thy cruel or kind anfwer, either to 
fly out of his mouth, or return into" his breaft. 

Don Quixote hearing this, clapp'd his hand upon his 
gvllet, and turning to the duke ; By heavens, my lord, 
faid he, Dulcinea is in the right ; for I find my foul tra- 
vcrs'd in my windpipe like a bullet in 'a crofs-bow. 
What's your anfwer now, Sancho, faid the du chefs ? I 
4ay, as I (aid before, quoth Sancho ; as for the flogging 
I pronounce it flat and plain. Renounce, you mean, faid 
the duke. Good yourlordihip, quoth Sancho, this is no time 
for me to mind niceties, and fpelling of letters i I have 
other fi/h to fry. This plaguy whipping-bout makes me 
quite diftracled. I don't know what I fay or do — But I 
would fain know of my lady Dulcinea del Tobofo, where 
fte pick'd up this kind of breeding, to beg thus like a 
fturdy beggar ? Here fhe comes to defire me to lafli my 
fcacJdide, as raw as a piece of beef, and the beft word 
fhe can give, is, foul of a broken pitcher, monfter, 
brote, fteep-ftealer, with a ribble rabble of faucy nick- 
aames, that the devil hunfelf would not bear. P° y° 

Vei, IV. C to* 

14 The life and atchievenunts 

you think, miftrefs of mine, that my /kin it made of 
brafs ? or /hall I get any thing by your difinchantment: ? 
Befhrew her heart, where's the fine prefent {he has 
brought along with her to foften me ? A ba/ket of line 
linen, holiand flrirts, caps and focks (though I wear none) 
had been fomewhat like. But to fall upon roe, arid be- 
fpatter me thus with dirty names, d'y c think that will 
do ? No, i'fackins : remember the old (ayings, a golden 
load makes the burden light ; gifts will enter gone walls 5 
fcratch my breech, and 1*11 claw your elbow ; a bird in 
hand is worth two in the bum. Nay, my matter too, 
who, one mould think, mould tell me a fine ftory, and 
coax me up with dainty fugar-plumb words, talk of tying 
me to a tree, forfooth, and of doubling the whining. 
Odsbobs ! methinks thofe troublefome people fhotald 
know who they prate to. 'Tis not only a fquire errant 
they would have to whip himfelf, but a governor 5 and 
there is no more to do, think they, but up and ride. 
l<et 'em e'en learn manners, with a pox. There's a 
time for fome things ; and a time for all things ; a 
time for great things, and a time for fmall things. Am I 
now in the humour to hear petitions, d'ye think ? ju& 
when my heart's ready to burft, for having torn my new 
coat ; they would have me tear my own fleih too, in the 
devil's name, when I have no more ftomach to it, than 
to be among the men-eaters *. Upon my honour, 
Sancho, faid the duke, if you don't relent, and become 
as foft as a ripe fig, yon mail have no government. 
'Twould be a fine thing indeed, that I ihould fend a- 
znong my iflanders a mercilefs hard-hearted tyrant, 
whom neither the tears of diftrefs'd damfels, nor the ad- 
monitions of wife, ancient, and powerful inchanters, 
can move to companion. In ftort, Sir. no gripes, no 
government. But, quoth Sancho, may nt I have a day 
or two to confider on't ? Not a minute, cry'd Merlin, 
you muft declare now, and in this very place, what you 
refolve to do, for Dulcinea muft be again transfbrni'd 

——————— —————— — J i ^ l i 

* In the original, To turn Cacique ; Bolverme Ca- 
sique. Caiiques art petty king? in the Wefi~lndicz* 


of the renowrfd Don Quixote, ij 

into a country wench, and carried back immediately to 
Montefinos*s cave $ or elfe fhe fhall go as /he is now to 
the Eiyfian Fields, there to remain till the number of 
tbe ftrrpes be made out. Come, come, honeft Sancho, 
6id the duchefs, pluck up a good courage, and mew 
joor gratitude to your mailer, whole bread you have 
eaten, and to whofe generous nature, and high feats of 
dwalry we are all fo much obliged : come, child, give 
yoarconfent, and make a fool of the devil i hang fear, 
felt heart ne'er won fair lady $ fortune favours the 
wave, as you know better than I can tell you. Hark 
Jon, mafter Merlin, (quoth Sancho, without giving the 
jjwhefs an anfwer) pray will you tell me one thing. 
How comes it about, that this fame poft-devil that came 
■efore you, brought my mafter word from Signior Mon- 
kfaos that he would be here, and give him direction* 
«out this difinchantment, and yet we hear no news of 
Montefinos all this while ? PAaw, anfwerM Merlin, 
™e devil's an afs, and a lying rafcal ; he came from me, 
** act from Montefinos : for he, poor man, is ftill in 
■w cave, expecting the difTolution of the fpell that con- 
*i*s him there yet, fo that he is not quite ready to be 
to, am) the worft is ftill behind ». But if he owes 
J* any money, or you have any buflnefs with him, he 
W be forth-coming, when, and where you pleafe # 
"* now pray make an end, and undergo this fmall pe4 
"ance, 'twill do you a world of good ; for *twijl not 
J*ty prove beneficial to your foul, as*n aft of charity, 
■Jt alfo to your body, as a healthy exercife • for ycu are 
*» very fanguine complexion, Sancho, and lofing a little 
■food will do you no harm. Well, quoth Sancho, there** 
*« to be no want of phyficians in this world, I find; the 
*7 conjurers fet up for doctors too. Well then, flnee e~~ 
**J body fays as much, (tho* I can hardly believe it) I ami 
j&ntent to give myfetf" the three thoufand three hundred 
■ripes, upon condition that I may be paying *em off as 

* Aun le falta la cola por defollar, /'. e. The tail ftill 
'Attains to be ftay'd: which is the moft troublrjome an 
k*rft* be done, 

C « l° l 

1 6 The life and achievements 

long as I pleafe ; obferve, that though I Will he ottt of 
debt as foon as I can, that the world may'nt be without 
the pretty face of the lady Dulcinea del Tobofo, whid^ 
I muft own, I could never have believ'd to have been io 
handfome. Item, I fhall not be bound to fetch blood, 
that's certain j and if any ftroke happens to mils me, it 
fliall pafs for one however. Item, mafttr Merlin {be- 
caufe he knows all things) /hall be oblig'd to reckon the 
laflies, and take care I don't give myfelf one more than 
the tale. There's no fear of that, iaid Merlin } for at 
the very lad laih the lady Dulcinea will be difinchante^ 
come flxaight to you, make you a courtfy, and give y<m 
thanks. Heaven forbid, I fhould wrong any man of 
the lead hair of his head. Well, quoth Sancho, what 
muft be, muft be: I yield to my hard luck, and on the 
aforefaid terms, take up with my penance. 

Scarce had Sancho fpoke, when the mufick Struck. 
up again, and a congratulatory volley of fmall 4aot was 
immediately diicharg'd. Don Quixote fell on Sancho*s 
neck, hugging and killing him a thou&nd times. The 
duke, the duchefs, and the whole company feem'd 
mightily pleafed. The chariot jmovM on, and, as k 
paiVd by, the fair Dulcinea made the duke and ducheis 
a bow, and Sancho a low courtfy, 

And now the jolly morn began to fpread her fmiling 
looks in the eaftern quarter of the ikies, and the flowers 
of the field to difclofe their bloomy folds, and raife their 
fragrant heads. The brooks, now cool and clear, in 
gentle murmurs, play'd with the grey pebbles, tpd. 
flow'd along to pay their liquid cryftal tribute to the ex- 
pecting rivers. The iky was clear, the air fcrene, fwept 
clean by brufhing winds for the reception of the mining 
Jight, and every thing, not only jointly, but in it's fe- 
parate gaiety, welcomed the fair Aurora, and, like her, 
foretold a fairer day. The duke and duchefs, well 
pleafed with the management and fuccefs of the hunting, 
-and the counterfeit adventure, return to the caftle j re- 
viving to make a fecond eflay of the fame nature, hav- 
ing received as much pleafure from the firft, as any reality 
'd have produced. 


of the renown* d Don Quixote. 17 


^htjhange and nevtr-thmgbt-of adventure of the d/fcon* 
fiate matron, alias, the countefs Trifaldi, vritb San- 
cho Panxa*s letter to bis wife Terefa Panza, 

TH £ whole contrivance of the late adventure wis 
plotted by the duke's fteward, a man of wit, and 
of 2 facetious and quick fancy : he made the verfes, acted 
Merlin himfelf, and inilruded a page to perfonate Dul- 
cinea: and n»W by his matter's appointment, he pre- 
paid another fcene of mirth, as pleafant and as artful, 
and forprizing as can be imagin'd. 

The next day, the duchefs aftVd Sancho whether he 
lad begun hit penitential taik, %o difinchant Dulcinea ? 
Ay, marry have I, quoth Sancho, for I have already 
knt myfelf rive lames on the buttocks. With what, 
frien^ afk'd the duchefs ? with the palm of my hand, 
anfcer*d Sancho. Your hand, faid the duchefs, thofe 
arc rather claps than lames, Sancho; I doubt father 
McrJin won't be fatisfied at fo eafy a rate ; for the liber- 
ty of f great a lady is not to be purchafed at fo mean a 
price. No, you mould lafh yourfelf with (bmething. 
that may make you fmart: a good frier's fcourge, 
a cat of nine-tails, or penitent's whip, would do well ; 
f°r letters written in blood, ftand good j but works of 
durity faintly and coldly done, lofe their merit, and 
%nify nothing. Then, madam, quoth he, will your 
•orfhip's grace do fo much as help me to a convenient 
*°d, fuch as you mail think beft ; though it muft not 
k too fmarting neither; for faith, though I am a 
down, my flem is as foft as any lady's in the land, no 
difparagement to any body's buttocks. Well, well, 
Sancho, faid flie, it mall be my care to provide you 
whip that foall fuit your foft conftitvtion, as if they w<* 

C3 «wi 

1 8 The life and atcblevmenU 

twins. But now, my dear madam, quoth he, you 

know I have written a letter here to my wife Terela 
Panza, to give her to underfland how things are -with 
me. I have it in my boibm, and *tis juft ready to fend 
away ; it wants nothing but the diredHon on the out- 
fide. Now I would have your wifdom to read it, and 
fee if it be not written like a governor ; I mean, in fuch 
a ftile as governors fhould write. And who penned it, 
afk'd the dutchefs ? What a queftion there is now, 
quoth Sancho ? Who mould pen it but myfelf, finner as 
I am ? And did you write it too, (aid the duchefs ? 
Not I. quoth Sancho ; for I can neither write, nor read* 
though lean make my mark. Let's fee the letter, (kid 
the duchefs : for I dare fay, your wit is fet out in it to 
fome purpofe, Sancho pull'd the letter out of his bofoni 
unfeaTd, and the duchefs, having taken it, read what 

< Sancho Panza to bis wife Terefa Panza* 

IF lam well laftfd, yet I am whipped into a govern- 
ment : Tve got a good government, it coft me many a 
good la fi. Thou mufi know, my Terefa, that lam re- 
Jblv'd thou Jbalt ride in a coach } for now any other 
way of going, is to me, hut creeping on all-fours, like 
a kitten* t fbou art now a governor's wife, guefs whether 
any one will dare to tread on thy heels. J have fent 
thee a green bunting-fuit of reparel, which my lady 
duchefs gave me. rray fee and get it turned into a 
petticoat and jacket for our daughter. The folks in 
this country are very ready to talk little good of my 
mafter, Don Quixote, They fay he is a maa> wife-man, 
and a f leaf ant mad-man, and that I ant a jot behind- 
hand with him. We have been in MoutefinoCs cave, 
and Merlin the wizard has pitched on me to difin- 
cbant Dulcinea del Tohofo, the fame who among you 
is calVd AUlonxa Lorenza. When- 1 have given my~ 
felf three tboufand three hundred lafies, lacking Jive, 
fie will he as difincbanted as the mother that bore ber x 

"ft + W9rd of th puddingi fu jfj9* *& J wr 


ef the renown 9 d Don Quixote. 19 

tafi ampng a parceh of tattling goffips, you'll ne'er have 

i<m\ one will cry 'tis white, and others 'tis black. 1 

am to go my government very fuddenly, whither I g0 

•with a huge mind to make money, at I am told all 

new governors do, tU firfi fee bow matters go, and 

tben Jend thee word whether thou hadfi heft come or 

no. Dapple is well, and gives his humble ferviee to 

yon, I won't part with him, tbo* / were to he 

nab the Great Turk, My lady duchefs kiffes thy bands 

a thoufand times over ; pray return her two tboufand 

fir her one : for there 1 '* nothing cheaper than fair 

words, as my' mafier Jays, Heaven has not bevnpleafed 

to make me light on another cloak-bag, with a hundred 

pieces of go3 in it, like thofe you wot of. But alt 

in good time J don't let that vex thee, my jugg, the 

government will -make it up, 27/ warrant thee, Tbo* 

after all, one thing picks plaguily in my gixxardt 

tbey tell me, that when once I have tafied on't, I pall 

ht ready to eat my .tuery fingers after it 4 fo favoury 

is the fauce. Should it fall out fo, I Jbould make but 

an ill hand of it j and yet your maim'd and crippVd 

alms-folks pick up a pretty livelihood, and make tbeif 

begging as good as a prebend. So that one way of 

other, old girl, matters will go fwimmingly, and 

tbou'k he rich and happy. Heaven make thee fo, at 

well it may f and keep me for thy fake* From this 

1*fite 9 tbe twentieth of June, 1614. 

Tbyhufband, the governor, 

Sancho Panza« 

Methinks, Mr governor, faid the duchefs (having 
read the letter) you are out in two particulars J firft, 
when you intimate that this government was beftow'd on 
yon for the ftripes you are to give yourfelf ; whereas you 
may remember, it was allotted you before this difinchant- 
ment was dreamt of. The fecond branch that you fkil'd 
in, is the difcovery of your avarice, which is the mof 
deteftable Quality m governors j beeauft their feif-Jatefc 

20 The life and achievements 

is always indulged at the expence of juft'ce. * Yon know 
the faying, covetoufnefs breaks the fade, and that vice 
always prompts a governor to fleece and opprefs the fub- 
je£l. Truly, my good lady, quoth Sancho, I meant no 
harm, I did npt well think of what I wrote, and if your 
grace's worfhip does not like this letter, Til tear it, and 
have another ; but remember the old faying, feldom 
comes a better. I (hall make but fad work on*t, if I 
muft pump my brains for* t. No, no, faid the ducheft, 
this will do well enough, and I muft have the duke 
fee it. 

They went then into the garden, where they were to 
dine thatday, and there (he fliew'd the duke the learn'd 
epiftle, which he read over with a great deal of plea- 
fure. * 

After dinner, Sancho was entertaining the company 
very pleafantly, withfomeof his favoury diicourfe, when* 
ftiddenly they were furprfc'd with the mournful found of 
a fife, which play'd in confbrt with a hoarfe unbraced 
drum. All the company feem'd amaz'd and difcom- 
pos'd at the unpleafing noife ; but Don Quixote efpecl- 
ally was fo alarm' d with this folemn martial harmony, 
that he could not compofe his thoughts. Sancho' s fear 
undoubtedly wrought the ufual effects, and carried him to 
crouch by the duchefs. 

During this confternation, two men in deep mourning 
cloaks trailing on the ground, entered the garden, each 
of 'em beating a large drum cover'd alfo with black, and 
with thefe ■ a third playing on a fife, in mourning like 
the reft. They ufhcr'd in a perfon of a gigantick ftature, 
to which the long black garb in which he was wrapp'd 
up, was no fmall addition : it had a train of a prodigious 
length, and over the caffock was girt a broad black belt, 
which flung a fcymitar of a mighty fize. His face was 
cover'd with a thin black veil, through which might be 
difcern'd a beard of a vaft length, as white as (how. The 
Solemnity of his pace kept exact time to the gravity of 
the mufick : in fhort, his ftature, his motion, his black 
hue, and his attendance were every way furprising and 
^onj&ing. With this fbtcaad formality he approach'd, 


if the renowned Dm Quixote. 21 

Bid fell on his knees at a convenient dtftance,* before the 
duke j who not fufFering him to fpeak 'till he arofe, the 
xnonfltrous fpe&re exceed his hulk, and throwing off hb 
veil, diieoverM the moft terrible, hugeous, white, broad, 
prominent, buihy beard, that ever mortal eyes were 
lighted at. Then fixing his eyes on the duke, and with 
a deep fonorous voice, roaring out from the ample ca- 
vern of his fpreading lungs, Moft high and potent lord, 
crj'd he, xsy name is Triialdin with the white beard, 
fquire to the countefs Trifaldi, otherwise yclep'd, the 
difconfolate matron, from whom I am ambaflador to 
your grace, begging admittance for her ladyihip to come 
and relate, before your magnificence, the unhappy and 
wonderful circumftances of her misfortune. But firft, 
Jhe defires to be informed whether the valorous and in- 
vincible knight, Don Quixote de la Mancha, refides at 
this time in your caftle j for 'tis in queft of him that my 
lady has travelTd without coach or palfrey, hungry and 
thirty ; and, in ihort, without breaking her raft, from 
the kingdom of Candaya, all the way to thefe your 
grace* s territories-.- a thing incredibly miraculous, if not 
wrought by inclpntmeftt. She is now without die gate 
of this castle, waiting only for your grace's ftennUfioh 
to enter. This {aid, the fquire cough'd, and with both 
his hands, ftroak'd his unweildy beard from the top to 
the bottom, and with a formal gravity expected the 
duke's anfwer. 

Worthy Jquire Trifaldin with the white beard, fait! 
the duke, long, fince have we heard of the misfortunes 
of the countefs Trifaldi, whom mchanters have occa*- 
fion*d to be call'd the difconfolate matron $ and there- 
fore, moft fhipendous fquire, you may tell her that me 
may make her entry j and that the -valiant Don Quixote 
de L Mancha is here prefent, on whofe generous affift- 
ance ihe may fafely rely for redrefs. Inform her alfo 
from me, that, if ihe has occafionfbrmy aid, me may 
depend on my readincia to do her Service, being obliged, 
as I am a knight, to be aiding and afiifting, to the ut- 
rooft of my power, to all perfons of her fex, in diftreft 
Specially widow'd matrons, like her ladyftip. 

22 The life and achievements 

• Trifaldin, ^hearing this, made his obeifance with the 
knee, and beckoning to the fife and drums to obferve his 
motion, they all march'd out in the fame folemn pro- 
ceflkm as they enter'd, and left all the beholders in a 
deep admiration of his proportion and deportment. 

Then the duke turning to Don Quixote, Behold, Sir 
knight, faid he, how the light and glory of virtue dart 
their beams through the clouds of malice and ignorance, 
and fliine to the remoteft parts of the earth : 'tis hardly 
fix days fince you have vouchfafed to honour this cattle 
with your prefencc, and already the afflicted and diftrefsM 
flock hitherto from the uttermoft regions, not in coaches, 
or on dromedaries, but on foot, and without eating by the 
way } fuch is their confidence in the ftrength of that arm, 
the fame of whofe great exploits flies and fpreads every 
where, and makes the whole world acquainted with your 

What would I give, my lord, faid Don Quixote, that 
the fame holy pedant were here now, who t'other day 
at your table would have run down knight-errantry at 
fuch a. rate ; that the teftimony of his own eyes might 
convince him of the abfurdity of his error, and let him 
fee, that the comfortlefs, and afflicted, do not in enor- 
mous misfortunes, and uncommon adverfity, repair for 
redrefs to the doors of droning churchmen, or your little 
facrtftans of villages 5 nor to the fire-fide of your country 
gentleman,\vho never travels beyond his land-mark; nor to 
the lolling, lazy courtier, who rather hearkens after news, 
which he. may relate, than endeavours to perform fuch 
deeds as may deferve to be recorded and related. No, the 
protection of damfels, the comfort of widows, the redrefs 
of the injured, and the fupport of the duwefs'd, are no 
where fo perfectly to be expected as from the generous 
profeflbrs of knight-errantry. Therefore I thank hea- 
ven a thou&nd times, for having qualify' d me to anfwer 
the necefiiries of the miferable by fuch a function. As 
for the hard/hips and accidents that- may attend me, I 
look upon 'em as no difcouragements, fince proceeding 
from fo noble a caufe. Then let this matron be admitted 
■nake known her rcqve&j and I will refer her for se- 

ef the renvurrCd Dan Quixote. 13 

drefc, to the force of my arm, and the intrepid rciblu- 
tioaof my couragious foul. 

chap, xxxvn. 

Tttjamoui adventure of the dijconfolate * matron contttat'd, 

TH £ duke and duchefs were mightily pleas'd to 
find Don Quixote wrought up to a refolution f« 
agreeable to their defign. But Sancho, who made his 
obfcrvations, wasjiotfo wellfatisiied. lam in a bodily 
fear, quoth he, that this fame miftrefs waiting-woman 
will be a baulk to my preferment. I remember I once 
knew a Toledo pothecary that talk'd like a canary bird, 
and us'd to fay. wherc-ever come old waiting -women, 
good luck can happen there to no man. Body of me, he 
knew "em too well, and therefore valu'd "em accordingly • 
He could have eaten 'em all with a grain of fait. Since 
then the beft of 'em are fo plaguy troublefome and im- 
pertinent, what will thofe be that arc in doleful dumps, 
like this fame counted three folds, three ikirta, or three 
tails j-, what d'ye call her ? hold your tongue Sancho, 
laid Don Quixote : this matron that comes (o far in fearch 
of me, lives too remote to lie under the lafli of the apo- 
thecary's (atire. Befides, you are to remember (he's a 
countefs ; and when ladies of that quality become go- 
vemantes, or waiting-women, 'tis only to queens or 
emprefles ; and in their own houfes they are as abfolute 
hdies as any others, and attended by other waiting-wo- 
men. Ay, ay, (cry'd Donna Rodriguez, who was pre- 
feat) there are fome that fenre my lady duchefs here in 

* Tbe Spanijb is duena, wbicbjtgnifies an old'waiting- 
mau, or govtrnante, as it u rendered in S^untedo** 

fTrifald: $ the nam of tbt countefs, fgnifet thru 

fiirtt, or three tails* . 

24 The life and achievements 

that capacity, that might have been countefles too had 
they had better luck. But we are not all bom to be riela, 
though we are all born to be honeft. Let no body then 
fpeak ill of waiting-gentlewomen, efpecially of thole 
that are ancient and maidens j for though I am none o£ 
thofe, I eafily conceive the advantage that a waiting- 
gentlewoman, who is a maiden, has over one that is a 
widow. When all's faid, whoever will offer to meddle 
with waiting-women will get little by*t. Many go oat 
for wool, and come home (horn themfelves. For all 
that, quoth Sancho, your waiting-women are not fo 
bare, but that they may be (horn, if my barber fpoke 
truth ! fo that they had beft not ftir the rice, though iC 
fticks to the pot. Thefe fquires, forfooth, anfwerM 
Donna Rodriguez, muft be always cocking up their nofes 
againft us : as they are always haunting the anti-cham- 
bers, like a parcel of evil fprights as they are, they fee 
us whiik in and out at all times ; fo when they are not at 
their devotion, which, heaven knows, is almoft all the 
day long, they can find no other paftime than to abufe 
us, and tell idle ftories of us, unburying our bones, 
-and burying our reputation. But their tongues are no 
slander, and I can tell thofe filly rakefhames, that, in 
fpite of their flouts, we mall keep the upper hand of 
•em, and live in the world in the better fort of houfes, 
though we ftarve fbr*t, and cover our flefh, whether de- 
licate or not, with black gowns, as they cover a dung- 
hill with a piece of tapeftry when a proceflion goes by. 
S'life, Sir, were this a proper time, I would convince 
you and all the world, that there's no virtue but is in- 
clos'd within the ftays of a waiting-woman. I fancy, 
faid the duchefs, that honeft Rodriguez is much in the 
right: but we muft now choofe a fitter time for this dif- 
pute, to confound the ill opinion of that wicked apothe- 
cary, and to root out that which the great Sancho Panca 
has ftVd in his breaft. For my part, quoth Sancho, I 
won't difpute with her; tor fence the thoughts of being 
a governor have fteam'd up into my brains, all my con- 
cern for the fquire is vaniih'd into (moke 5 and I care 
*>t a wild fig for ailthe waking-wojMO in the world. 


cf the renown* d Don Quixote. i$ 

This fiibjeft would have engag'd 'em longer in dif- 
couxie, had they not been cut fliort by the found of the 
fife and drums, that gave 'em notice of the difconfolate 
matron's approach. Thereupon the duchefs aik'dthe 
duke, how it might be proper to receive her ? And how 
far ceremony was due to her quality as a count eft ? Look 
you (quoth Sancho, ftriking in before the duke could 
anfar) I would advife ye to meet her counteuvihip ha£f 
wf, but for the waiting womanflup don't Air a -ftep. 
Who bids you trouble yourfelf ? faid Don Quixote. Who 
bid me! anfwer'd Sancho, why Jmyfelfdid. Han't I 
been fijuire to your worihip, and thus ferv'd a prentice- 
Hup to good manners ? and han't I had the flower of 
courtefy for my matter, who has often told me, A man 
may as well lofe at one-and-thirty, with a card too much, 
as a can) too little ? good wits jump \ a word to the 
wife is enough. Sancho fays well, laid the duke : to 
decide the matter, we will firft fee what kind of a coun- 
tefs me is, and behave ourfdves accordingly. 

Now die fife and the drums enter* d as before —But 
here the author ends this fliort chapter, and begins ano- 
ther, proiecuting the feme adventure, which is one of 
the moft notable in the hifiory. 

chap, xxxvra. 


Tbt account which the difconfolate matron gives of bor 


THE doleful drums and .fife were follow'd by 
twelve elderly waiting-women that enter'd the 
garden, rank'd in pairs, all clad in large mourning ha- 
bitB, that feem'dto be of mill'd ferge, over which they 
wore veils of white calicoe, fo long, that nothing could 
be feen of their black drefs, but the very bottom. After 
them came the counted Trifaldi, handed by her fquire 
Trifajdin, with the white beard. The lady was drefs*' 
in a fuit of the fiaejfc bays : which, had it been napp* 

&6 Tk* life and atchivements 

would have Had. tufts as big as rouncival peafe. Her train, 
or tail, which you will, was mathematically divided into 
three equal flcirts or angles, and borne up by three pages in 
mourning ; and from this pleafant triangular figure of 
her train, as every one conje&ur'd, was'd Tri- 
faldi j as who fhould iay, the countefs of Threefold*, or 
Three Skirts. Benengeli is of the fame opinion, though 
he afBrms that her true title was the counteis of Lobu- 
na*, or of Wolf-Land, from the abundance of wolves 
bred in her country 5 and had they been faxes, {he had, 
by the fame rule, been call'd the counteis Zorruna +, 
or of Fox-Land; it being a euftom in thofe nations, for 
great perfons to take their denominations from the com* 
modity with which their country moft abounds. How- 
ever, this countefs chofe to borrow her title from this new 
faihion of her own invention, and leaving her name of 
Loburia, took that of Trifaldi. 

Her twelve female attendants approach' d with her in a 
proceflion-pace, with black veils over their faces, not 
tranfparent, like that of Trifaldin, but thick enough to 
hinder altogether the fight of their countenances. As 
foon as the whole train of waiting-women was come in, 
the duke and the duchefs, and Don Quixote flood up, 
and fo did all thofe who were with em. Then the 
twelve women, ranging themfelves in two rows, made a 
lane for the countefs to march up between *em, which flie 
did, ftillled by. Trifaldin, her fquire. . The duke, the 
duchefs, and Don Quixote,- advancing about a dozen 
paces to meet her, fie fell on her knees, and with a 
voice, rather hoarfe and rough, than clear and delicate, 
May it pleafe your highnefles, iaid me, to fpare your- 
felves the trouble of receiving with fo much ceremony 
and compliment aman (woman I would fay) who is your 
devoted fervant. Alas ! the fenfe of my misfortunes 
has fo troubl'd my intellectuals, that my refponJes can- 

* Lobo is Spanifofor a voolf, 

t Zorro is Sfanijh for a be-/ox\ tvbence tbefe tw 
^>orii an dcrw d % 


if the renown* d Den QjrixoTE. £7 

not be fuppos'd able to anfwer the critical opinion of 
your pretence. My underftanding has forfbojc me, and 
is gone a wool-gathering, and fure 'tis far remote ; for 
the more I feek it, the more unlikely I am to find it 
again. The greateft claim, madam, anfwer* d the duke, 
that we can lay to fcnfe, is a due reipe£t, and decent de- 
ference to the worthiness of your perfon, which, with- 
out any farther view, fufnciently befpeaks your merit 
and excellent qualifications* Then begging the honour 
of her hand, he led her up, and plse'd her in a chair by 
his duchefi, who receiv'd her with all the ceremony 
Citable to the occafion. 

Don Quixote faid nothing all this while, and Sancho, 
was fheaking about* and peeping under the veils of the 
lady's women ; but to no purpofe $ for they kept them- 
Selves very dole and filent* 'till me at laft thus began. 
* Confident I am, thrice potent lord, thrice beautiful 
lady, and thrice intelligent auditors,- tjhat my moft un- 
fortunate miferablenefs (hall rind in your moft generoua 
andcompaflionatp bowels, a moft mUericordial fan&u-, 
ary ; my miferablenefs, which is fuchas would liquify, 
marble, malleate fteel, and mollify adamantine rocks* 
But before the rehearfal of my ineffable misfortunes en-; 
ter, I won't fay your ears, but the publick mart of your, 
bearing faculties, I earneftly requeft, that I may have 
cognisance, whether the cabal, choir, or conclave of 
this illuftrifiimou8 appearance be net adorn'd with the pre-, 
fence of the adjutonferous Don Quixote deb Manchifli- 
ma, and his fquirifiimous PancaFlPanca is at your E1-, 
bowiffimus (quoth Sancho, before . any; body elfe could, 
anfwer) and Don Quixotiifimo likewife : .therefore, moft 
4plorous M edem, you may tell out your teale ; for we 
are all ready to be your ladyihip's Jexvitoriulmous to the 
beft of our cepecities, and fo forth. Don Quixote then 
advanced; and, addremngthe countefs, If your misfor- 
tunes, embanafs'd lady, faid he, may hope any redrefs 
from the power andafBftanceof knight-errantry, I offer 

* Afufiian [fetch contrivd onfitttfofe, andimitattd 
h Sancfo. 

D x yoi 

2& The life and achievements 

you my force and courage, and, fuch as they ate, I de- 
dicate *em to your fervke. I am Don Quixote de la 
Mancha, whofe profejfton it a fufficient obligation to 
Juccour the diftre&'d, without the formality of pream- 
bles, or the elegance of oratory to circumvent my favour. 
Therefore, pray, madam, let us know, by a faccinct 
and plain account of your calamities^ what remedies 
mould be apply'd ; and, if your griefs are fuch as do not 
admit of a cure, aflure your felf at leaft, that we will 
comfort you in your afflictions, by fympathking in your 
ibrrow. - 

The lady, hearing this, threw herfelf at Don Quix- 
ote's feet, in fpite of his kind endeavours to the contra- 
ry ; and ftrivlng to embrace *env, moft invincible knight* 
raid /he, I proftrate my felf at thefe feet, the foundations 
and pillars of chivalry-errant, the fupporters of my 
drooping fpirits, whole indefatigable fteps alone can 
fcaften my relief, and the cure of my afflictions. Q va- 
lorous knight-errant, whofe real atchiyements ecfipfe and 
obfcure the fabulous legend of the Amadifcs, Efplandi- 
ans, and Beftanifes ! then, turning from Don' Quixote, 
me laid hold on Sancho, and fqueeaing his hands very 
bard, and thou, the moft loyal fquire, that ever attended 
on the magnanimity of khight-errantry, whofe goodnefe 
is more exteiiiive than the beard of my ufher Trifaldin f 
How happily have thy ftars plac'd thee, under the dis- 
cipline of the whole martial college* of chivalry pro- 
ftflbrs, centerM and epitormVd in the (Ingle Don Quix- 
ote ! I conjure thee, by thy love of goodnefr, and thy 
linfpotted loyalty to fo peat a mafter> to employ thy 
moving and interceding eloquence in my behalf, that eft- 
foons his favour may fhine upon this humble, and moll 
difconfolate countefs. 

Look you, madam countefs, quoth Sancho; as for 
meafuring my goodneft by your fqnire's beard, that's 
neither here nor there '; fo my foul go to heaVn when 
I depart this life, I don't matter the reft 5 for, as for the 
beards of this world, 'tis not what Tftahd upon ; fo that 
—ithout all this pawing and wheedling, Til put in a 
1 for you to my matter. I fcnow he loves me, and 


of the renown* d Don Quixote. 29 

fa efi d es, at this time, be ftands ia need of me about a 
certain bufinefs, and he (hall do what he can for you* 
But pray discharge your burthen* d mind ; unload, and 
let os fee what griefs you bring, and then leave us to take 
care of the reft. 

The duke and dncheis were ready to burft with laugh* 
ing» Co find the adventure run in this pleafant drain j and 
the? admir'd, at the fame time, the rare cunning and 
management of Trifaldi, who, re-afluming her feat, 
tout began her ftory. 

The famous kingdom of Candaya, fituated between the 
gxeat Tabrobana and the fouth-fea, about two leagues 
beyond Cape Comorin, had, for it's queen, the lady 
Donna Maguntia, whojfe huiband, king Archipiclp, dy- 
ing, left the princeis Antonomafia, their only child, 
heireft to the crown. This princeis was educated, and 
brought up under my care and direction ; I being the 
eldeft, and firft lady of the bed-chamber to the queen, 
her mother. In procefs of time, the young princeis ar- 
rived at the age of fourteen years, and appeared fo per- 
fectly beautiful, that it was not in the power of nature 
to give any addition to her charms ; what's yet more, 
her mind was no lefs adorn' d than her body. Wifdom 
itfelf was but a fool to her t flje was no lefs difcreet than 
fair, and the faireft creature in the world $ and fo /he 
is frill, unlets the fatal knife, or unrelenting iheers of 
the envious and inflexible fitters have cut her thread of 
life. But Aire the heavens would not permit fuch an 
injury to be done to the earth, as the untimely lopping 
oft' the lovelieft branch that ever adorn' d the garden of 
the world. 

Her beauty, which my unpoluVd tongue can never 
fufficiently praife, attracting all eyes, foon .got her a 
world of adorers, many of 'em princes, who were her 
neighbours, and. more diftant foreigners. Among the 
reft; a private knight, who refided at court, was fo au- 
dacious as to raife his thoughts to that heaven of beauty. 
This young gentleman was indeed matter of all gallantries 
that the air of .his courtly education cou'd infpire j an" 
fo confiding ©a his youth* his handfome mien, his agrr 

D3 * 

3b T%e Bfe and atchievements 

able air arid drefc, hi* graceful carriage, and the charm* 
of hit tafy wit, and other qualifications, herfotiow'd the 
irhpulfe of his Inordinate and moft prefumptuovs pafiioa* 
I rauft needs fay, that he was an extraordinary perfon, 
he playM. to a miracle on the guittar, and made it fpeak 
not only to the ears, but to the very foul. He danc'd 
to admiration, artd had Tuch a rare knack at making of 
bird-cages, that he might have got an eftate by that very 
art 5 and,* to fuifa up all his accompliflimenti, he was 
a poet. So many parts and endowments were fuffident 
to have mov'd a mountain, and much more the heart of 
a young tender virgin. But all his fine arts and footh- 
ing behaviour had preVd ineffectual againft the virtue 
and refervednefs of my beautiful charge, if the daanVd 
cunning rogue had not firft conquer' d me. The deceit- 
ful villain endeavoured to feduce the keeper, fo to fecure 
the keys of the fortrefs : in fliort, he fo plyM me with 
pleating trifles, and fo insinuated himjfelf into my foil, 
that at laft he perfectly bewitch'd me, and made me give 
way before I was aware, to what f mould never have 
permitted. But that which firft wrought me to his pur- 
pofe, and undermuVd my virtue, was a curfed copy of 
verfes he fung one, night under my window, which, if I 
remember right, began thus. 


A Secret fire eonfums my heart ; 
And to augment my raging f>*in> 
The charming foe that ratio* the /mart, 

Denies me freedom to complain,, 
But fure' 'tis jujf, loe/bouM conceat 
The blifs and woe in fove we feel: 

For oh ! what human tongue can tell 
The joys of heaven, or pains of bill $ 

The words were to me fo many pearls of elo quenc e , 

and his voice Tweeter to my ears than fugarto the tafte. 

rnL * refleclion on the misfortune which thefc verfes 

*- on me, hatofea nwrfe me applaud Plato's de- 


of the renown! d Den Quixote. 31 

£gn of banUhingaJl poets from a good and wdJUgovera'd 
common-wealth, especially thofe who write wantonly or 
lafavioufly. For, inftead of compofing lamentable ver- 
fes, like thofe of the marquus of Mantua, that make 
women and children cry by the firefide, they try 
their utmoft ikill on fuch foft ftrokes at enter the 
fool, and wound it, like that thunder which hurts and 
confqmca all within, yet leaves the garment found* 
Author time he entertain'd ma with the following 


DEATH, put cnlome kind dijguife, 
And at once my (tart jurfriw $ 
For Uitfncb a curfe to live, 

And Jo gnat a blifs to die ; 
Should* ft thou any warning give, 
rd rdafft to life for joy* 

Many other veries of. {his kind he ply'd me with* . 
which charm'd when read, but transported when fung. 
For yon muft know, that when our eminent poets debmfe 
themfelves tothe writing a fort of compofure call'd Love- 
Madrigals, and Roundelays, nowjnuch in vogue in Can- 
daya, thofe verfea are no fooner heard, but they pre- 
sently produce a dancing of fouls, tickling of fancies, 
emotion of fpirits, and, in /hoit, a pleating difiemper in 
the whole body, as if quickfihrer ihook it in eve* 
7 part 

So that once more I pronounce thofe poets very dan- 
pout, and fit to be baniuVd to the wes of lizards. 
Though truly, I muftconfefe, the fault is rather charge- 
able on thofe fbolUn people that commend, and the filly 
wenches that believe 'em. For had I been as cautious aa 
ay place required, his amorous ierenades could never 
btve moVd me, nor would I have believed his poetical 
«ant, fuch as, I dying live, I burn in ice, I shiver in 
flames, I hope m def pair, Igo, yetftay; with a thou- 
604 &€b mtrtiflta* *** mate »P the grtatefl 

$2 • Tie Vtfe and atcbievtmehts 

part of thofe kind of competitions. As ridiculous are 
their promhes of the phoenix of Arabia, Ariadne's 
crown, the couriers of the fun, the pearls of the 
fbuthern ocean, the gold of Tagus, the baUam of 
Panchaya, and heaven knows what! by the way, 
*tis obfervable, that thefe poets- are very liberal of 
their gifts, which they know they never can make 

But whither, woe's me, whither do I wander, miteni- 
Ue woman ? what madnefi prompts me to accufc the 
faults of others, having fo long a fcore of my own to 
anfwer for ! alas ! not his verfes, bat my own inclina- 
tion : not his mufick, but my own levity $ not his wit, 
but my own folly, open'd a paffage, and levelTd the way 
for Don Clavrjo (for that was the name of the knight). 
In wort, I procur'd him admittance, and by my conni- 
vance, he very often had natural familiarity with Anto- 
nomaiia, who, poor lady, was rather deluded by me, • 
than by him. But, wicked as I. v<as, 'twas upon the 
honourable fcore of marriage ; for had he not been en- 
gtg'd to be her huiband, he fliou'd not have touch'd the 
very fhadow of her fhoe-ftring. No : no t matrimony, 
matrimony, I fay; for without that, Til never meddle 
in any fuch concern. The greateft fault in this bufinefs, 
was the difparity of their conditions ; he being but a 
private knight, and fhe heirefs to the crown. Now this 
intrigue was kept very dofe for fome time by my cau- 
tious management 5 but at lad a certain kind offwell- 
iflg in Antonoma(ia*s belly began to tell, tales; fo that, 
confulting upon the matter, we found there was but one 
way 5 Don Clavijo mould demand the young lady in mar- 
riage before the curate *, by virtue of a promiie under 
her hand, which I dictated for the purpofe, and fo bind- 
ing, that all the ftrength of Sampfon himfelf could not 

* In Spain, token a young couph have prvmix*d oacb 

other marriage, and the parents ohfiruB it, cither fatty 

may have recourfe to the wear, xvho, examining the cafe, 

' •<; full power to bring then* together ; and tint it is the 

*fs ridiculmjly a&tda to. in hnfiory% 


cf the renewifd Don Quixote. 33 

Have broke the tie. The tafineft was pot in execution 
xi» note was produced before the prieft,who examinM the 
lady, and, finding her confeffion to agree with the tenor 
of the contract, pot her in cuftody of a very honeft fer- 
jcant. Blels us, quoth Sancho, Serjeants too; and 
poets, andfongs, and verfes in your country! O* my 
conference, I think the world's the feme all the world 
over ! but go on, madam Trireldi, I beftech you, lor 
'tis late, and I am upon thorns till I know the end 
ef this long-winded toy. I will, anfwcr*d the counteJf. 

*♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ # 


Wbtn TnfaUi "continues her ftupcndiout end straw* 

IF every word that Sancho fpoke gave the ducheft 
new pleafure, every thing he faid put Don Quixote 
to as much pain j fothat he commanded him.fiTence, 
and gave the matron opportunity to go on. In roort* 
faid ihe, the bufineiswas debated a good while, and after 
many questions andanfwers, the yrincdk firmly perfift- 
ing in her firft declaration, judgment was given in favour 
of Don Clavijo, which queen Maguntia, her mother, 
took fo to heart, that we bury'd her about three days af- 
ter. Then without doubt ihe dy'd, quoth Sancho. 
That's a clear cafe, reply'd Trifaldin, for in Candaya 
they don't ufe to bury the living, but the dead. But 
with your good leave, Mr fquire, anfwer'd Sancho, peo- 
ple that were in - a fwoon have been . bury'.d alive before 
now, and methinks queen Maguntia (hould only have 

find the young lady was fo much out of the way neither. 


34 . .?£< lift an d Achievements 

that the mother ftould lay it Co grievQufly to heart. In- 
deed had the marry M a footman, or fome other fervant in 
the family, as I sun told many ethers haye done, it had 
been a very bad bufinefs, and paft curing ; but for the 
queen to make fuch a heavy outcry when her daughter 
marry' d fuch a fine-bred young knight, faith and troth, 
I think the bufinefs had been better made up. *Twas a 
Hip, but not fuch a heinous one, as one would thjnjc : 
for as my mailer here fays, and he won't let me tell a 
lye, a$ of fckolars they make bHfrops, fo of your knights 
(chiefly if they be errant) one may eafily make kings and 

That's moft certain, fiud Don Quifcote, turn a knight- 
errant loofe into the wide World with two pennyworth of 
good fortune, and he is in potentia propinqua (praxima 
I would fay) the greateft emperor* in the^world. But let 
the lady proceed, for hitherto her ftory has been very 
plea&nt, and I doubt the mpft bitter part of it is ftill 
untold. The moft bitter truly, jSir, anfwer'd *he j and 
fo bitter, that wormwood, and every bitter herb, com- 
pared to it, are as fweet as honey. 

The queen being really dead, contlhu'd fhe, and not 
m a trance, we bury'd her, and fcarce had we done her 
the laft offices,- and taken our laft leaves, when (quh 
tali a fando tattperet £ lacbrymis ? who can relate iuch 
woes, and not be drown* d in tears ?) the giant Malam- 
bruno, cQufinugermanto thedeeea9M queen, who, be- 
fides his native cruelty, was alfo a magician, appeared 
upon her grave, mounted on a wooden horfe, and, by his 
dreadful angry looks, fliew'd he came thitherto re- 
venge the death of his relation, by punifhing Don Cla- 
vijo for his preemption, and Antonomafia for her over* 
fight. Accordingly, he immediately inchanted them both 
upon the very tomb, transforming her into a brazen fe- 
male monkey, and the young' knight into a hideous cro- 
codile of an unknown metal '5 and between them both 
he fet an infcription in the Syriack tongue, which we 
have got fince tranflated into the Candayan, and then 
iatoSpanifli, tothisefecl. 

« Thefe 

efthe renowrfd lion Quixote. 35 

u Thefe two prefumptuous lovers ihall never recover 
" their natural fhapes, till the valorous knight of la 
" Mancha enter into a fingle combat with me : for, by 
" the irrevocable decrees of fate, this unheard-of ad- 
" venture is reierv'd for his unheard-of courage.** 

This done, he drew a broad fcymitar of a monftrous 
fi*e, and, catching me fail by the hair, made an offer to 
cut my throat, or to whip off my head. I was frighted 
almoft to death, my hair flood an end, and my tongue 
deav'd to the roof of my mouth. However, recovering 
myfclf as well as I cou*d, trembling and weeping, I begg'd 
mercy in fuch a moving accent, and in fuch tender melt- 
ing words, that at laft my intreaties prevailed on him to 
ftop the cruel execution. In fhort, he order'd all the 
waiting-women at court to be brought before him, the 
fame that you fee here at prefent 5 and after he had ag- 
gravated our-breach*tttuft, and nuTd againft the deceit- 
ful practices, mercenary procuring, and what die he 
could urge in fcandal of our profeflion, and it's very be- 
ing, reviling us for the fafrof which I alone flood guilty ; 
1 will not punifh you with inftant death, faid he, but in- 
flifr a puni/hment which fhall be a foiling and eternal 
mortification. Now, in the very inilant of his denoun- 
cing our fentence, we felt the pores of our faces to open, 
and all about 'em perceived* an itching paih, like the 
pricking of pins and needles. Thereupon clapping our 
hands to our faces, we found *em as you ihall fee 'em 
immediately ; faying this, the difconfolate matron and 
W attendants, throwing' off their veils, expos'd their 
faces all rough with briilly beards j fome red, fome 
black, Home white, and others motley. The duke and 
fachefs admir'd, Don Quixote and Sancho were afton- 
«ft*d, and the ftanders-by were thunder-ilruck. Thus, 
&d the counters, proceeding, has that murdering and 
Moody-minded Malumbruno ferv'd us, and planted thefe 
lough and horrid orirUes on our faces, otherwife moil 
delicately fmpoth. Oh ! that he had chopp'd off our 
heads with his monftrous fcymitar, rather than to have 
difgraced our faces with thefe bruihes upon 'em ! For 
gentlemen, if you rightly coniidcr it, and truly, what 

36 %%t life and atchievements 

have to fay fliould be attended with a flood of tears ; hui 
Juch rivers and; oceans have fallen from me already upon 
this doleful fubject, that my eyes are as dry aa chaff; 
and therefore pray let me fpeak without tears at this 
time. Where, alas ! /hall a waiting-woman dare to 
ihew her heaft with fuch a furz-hufh upon her chin ?! 
what charitable perfon will entertain her f what relation! 
will own her ? At the beft, we can fcarcely make our 
faces pafiable, though we torture 'em with a thousand 
flops and waihes, and even thus we have much ado to get 
the men to care for us. What wi|l become of her then 
that wears a thicket upon her (ace ! Oh ladies, and com- 
panions of my mifery ! in aa ill hour were we begot, and 
in a worfe came we into the world ! With theie words 
the diiconfblate matron feem'd to faint away* 


'Offomi things that relate to this adventure, and upper* 
tain to this memorable bifiory. 

Ah L perfons that love to read hiftojriea of the nature 
of this, muft certainly be very much obliged to 
Cid Hamet, the original author, who has taken fuch 
care in delivering every minute particular diftinctly en- 
'tire, without concealing the leaft tircumftaaces that 
might, heighten the humour, or, if Omitted, have ob- 
fcur'd the lignt and the truth of the ftory. He draws 
lively pictures of the thoughts, difeovers the imagina- 
tions, fatiafies curiofity in fecrets, clears doubts, re. 
folves arguments } and, in fhort, makes manifeft the 
leaft atoms of the moft inquifitive defire ! O moft famous 
author! O fortunate Don Quixote ! O renowned Dulci- 
nea ! O facetious Sancho ! jointly and feverally may you 
live and continue to the lateft pofterity, for the general 
delight and recreation of mankind — Bit the fiory goes 


of the renown* d Don Qvixor*. 37 

Now, on my honeft won), quoth Sancho, when lie 
law the matron in a fwoon, and by the blood of all the 
Panca's, my forefathers, I never heard nor (aw the like, 
neither did my mafter ever tell me, or (b much as con- 
ceit in that working head-piece of his, fuch an adventure 
1* this. Now all the devil's in hell (and I would not 
cone any body) run away with thee for an inchanting 
fan of a whore, thou damn'd^giant Malambruno ! Couldft 
thou find no other punifhment for thefe poor finners, but 
by clapping fcrubbing-bhrihes about their xmuzles, with 
a pox to you ? had it not been much better to Hit their 
noimls halfway up their nofes, tho* they had fnufflM for 
it a littk, than to have planted thefe quick-fet hedges o'er 
their chaps > 1*11 lay any man a wager now, the poor dfc- 
vils have not money enough to pay for their (bavins). 

Tis but too true, Sir, (aid one of them, we have not 
wherewithal to pay for taking our beards off; fo that 
Jbme of us, to fave charges, are forc'd to lay on plaifters 
of pitch that pull away roots and all, and leave our 
ciuns as fmooth as the bottom of a ftone mortar. There 
ii indeed a fort of women in Candaya, that go about from 
We to houfe, to take off* the down or hairs that grow 
shout the face *, trim the eye-brows, and do twenty 
other little private jobbs for the women; but we here, 
who are my lady's Duennas, wbu*d never have sny 
thing to do with them, for they have got ill names: 
for though formerly they got free accefs, and pafs'd 
for relations, now they are look'd upon to be no 
better than bawds. So if my lord Don Quixote do 
tot relieve us, our beards will (tick by us as long 

* There art a fort of women-barbers in Spain, that 
take the down off women* s facet, and fell them wa/hes, and 
thefe are commonly reputed to be given to bawding. This 
down the Spaniards call bello, from the Latin veltos (1 
fuppofe) which means a fleece (or fell, from the fame 
vellus). Bello is alfo Spanifhfor handfome,from bellus, 
Latin, In old Spanijb books bello is riches ; to intimate 
there's notbtng bandfotae, without being rich. According- 
ty Horace fas ~fom*mtepi* ?*********• - * 

V % X. XT. *» 

38 . ty* tiff «*4 atcbisvtmenU 

as we live* nf have win* pluck'd off hair by hair 

' among the Moors, anfwer'd lion, Qtuwte, rather than 

not free you from yours*. Ah, valorous knight ! (cry'd 

- the countefs Trifaldi, recovering that moment from her 
' fit) the fweet found of your promifc reach' d my hearing 
\ In the very rnJdft of my trance, and has ptrfe&ly r*- 

ftor'd my fenles." 1 Sefeech you therefore, once again, 
rnoft illuflrious" Sir, and invincible knight-mant, chat 
your gracious premife may foon have the winYd-for ef- 
fect, m be guilty of no neglect, Madam, anfwer'd 
Pon Quixote : point out the way, and you. fliall fooa be 

* convine'd of my readinefs to fervc you. 

You muft know then % Sir, faid the difconfoiate lady, 

* from this place to the kingdom of CjyvJaya, by cornpu- 
" tation, we reckon five, thouiand leagues* two or three 
J more or Jefs : but if you ride through the air in a direct 
'line, 'tis not above three thouiand two hundred and 

twenty-feven. You are likewjfe to undcrftand that 
Malambruno told me, that when fortune Jfcould make 
me find out the, knight who is to diHolve,our inchant- 
ment, he would fend him a famous fteedy much eafier 
and lefs refty and full of tricks, than thofe jades that are 
commonly let out to hire,, as being the fame wooden 
horfe that carry* d the valorous Peter of Provence, and 
and the fair Magaiona, when he ftole her away. *Tis 
manag'd by a wooden peg in it's forehead, inftead of a 

' bridle, and flies as fwiftly thW (he sir, as if all thedevifa 

' in hell were Switching him, or blowing fire in his tail. 

h This courfer^ tradition delivers, to haye b*e» the handy. 

1* work of the.faae Merlin, who never lent him to any 
but , particular friends* or when ha was paid Grace for 

* him. Among othets, his friend Peter of Psovence bor- 

* row'd him, and by the help. of his wonderful fpeed, rrela 
away the fair Magaiona, as I (aid, fetting her behind on 

- the crupper; for' .you muft know he carries double, and 
. fo tow'ring up in the air, he left the people that flood 

near the place whence he fiarted, gaping, ftaring, and 
' amazM. 

Since that journey, we have heard of no body that 
- pacJcJd bun. But tiu> we know, that Malamhrooo 

• • fincc 

of the rehowk'd DtftQtttXOTE. 39' 

Grfce that got him by his art; and has us*d bim ever '• 
fince, to poft about to all parts of the world. He's here 
to-day, and to-morrow in France, and the next day ill 
America : and one of the beft properties of the horfe is, . 
that he cofts not a farthing in keeping j for he neither 
eats nor fleeps, neither needs he any fhoeing ; -betide * 
without having wings, he ambles fo very eafy through 
the air,.that you might carry in your hand a cup full of : 
water a thoufand leagues, and not fpill a drop } £> that 
the fair Magalona lov'd mightily to ride aim* 

Nay, quoth Sancho, as for an eafy pacer, commend : 
fte to my Dapple. Indeed he's none of your high-flyers, 
he can't gallop in the air ; but on tne king*s highway, 
be Ml pace ye with the beft ambler that ever went on 
four legs. This let the whole company a laughing. 
But then the difconfolate lady, going on; This horfe, 
(aid fte, will certainly be here within half an hour after 
'tis dark, if Malambruno defigns to put an end to our 
misfortunes, for that was the fign by which I mould dif- 
cover my deliverer. And pray, fbrfooth, quoth Sancho, 
how many .will this fame horfe carry, upon occaiion ? . 
Two, anfwer'd me, one in the faddle, and t*other behird 
on the crupper : and thofe two are commonly the knight. 
ud the fquire, if fome ftolen damfel be not to be one. 
Good difconfblate Madam, quoth Sancho, I'd fain know 
the name of this fame nag. The horfe* s name, anfwer'd 
Ac, is neither Pegafus, like Bellephoron's j nor Buce- 
phalus, like Alexander's ; nor Brilbdoro, like Orlando's ; 
nor Bayard, like Rinaldo's 5 nor Frontin, like Rogero's; 
&or Bootes, nor Pyrithous, like the horfes of the fun ; 
neither is he call'd Orelia, like the horfe which Rodrigo, 
the laft king of Spain, of the Gothick race, beftrid that 
unfortunate day, when he loft the battle, the kingdom, 
ad his life. I'll lay you a wager, quoth Sancho, fince 
the horfe goes by none of thofe famous names, he .does 

not go by that of Rofinante neither, which is my matter's 
horfe, and another-guefs beaft than you've reckon' d up. 
*Ta very right, anfwer'd the bearded kdyi however, he 

has a very proper and fignificant name j for he is callV 
Clavileno, or Wooden-Peg the fwif^, fro* the woodta 

4P 7fo lift and atchievements 

peg in his forehead; fo that for the fignificancy of 
name at leaft he may he compared with Rounante. J 
find no fault with his name, quoth Sancho 5 but what 
kind of bridle or halter do you manage him with ? I told 
you already, reply'd me, that he is guided with the peg. 
which being turn'd this way or that way, he moves ac- 
cordingly, either mounting aloft in the air, or alrnoft 
bruihing and fweeping the ground, or elfe flying in the 
middle region, the way which ought indeed moft to be 
chofen ia all affairs of life. I fhould be glad to fee this 
notable tit, quoth Sancho, but don't defign to get on his 
back, either before or behind. No, by my holy dame, 
you may as well expect pears from an elm. 'Twere a 
pretty jeft, I trow, for me that can hardly fit my own 
Dapple, with a pack-faddle as foft as (ilk, to fuffer my- 
felf to be hors'd upon a hard wooden thing, without ei- 
ther cufhion or pillow under his buttocks. Before 
George ! I won't gall my backfide to take off the heft 
lady's beard in the land. Let them that have beards 
wear 'em ftill, or gft them whipp'd off as they think 
beft ; I'll not take fuch a long jaunt with my mailer, 
not I. There is too need of me in this /having of beards, as 
there was in Duktnea's bufinefs. Upon my word, dear 
Sir, but there is, reply'd Trifaldi, and fo much, that 
without you nothing can be done. God fave the king ! 
cry'd Sancho, what have we fquires to do with our mas- 
ters adventures ? We muft bear the trouble forfooth, 
and they run away with the credit ! Body o'mc, 'twere 
fpmething, would thofe that write their dories, but give 
the fquires their due (hare in their books : as thus, Such 
a. knight ended fueb an adventure 5 but it was with the 
help of Jucb a one bh f qui re, without which the devil a 
bit could be ever have done it. But they mail barely tell 
ypu in their hifrories, Sir Paraliponunon, knigbt of 
of the three fian, ended the adventure of the fix bobgob- 
hti/is} and not a word all the while of his ftraire's per- 
fon, as if there were no fuch man, though he was by all 
the while, poor devil. Tn fhort, good people, I don't 
like it ; and once more I fay, my mafter may e'en go by 
' -rifelf for Sancho, and joy betide him. I'll (lay and 
> madam dncheia company here, and mayhap by that 


of the rtnown'd Dm QtrixGTE. 4* 

time he comes back, he'll find his lady DukfoeaYbofi* 
fiefe pretty forward ; for I mean to give any bare breech 
ajkkjngtilllbrufliorTtheveryhair, at idte times, that 
Mi when I've nothing elfe to do. 

Ncverthelds, hooeft Sancho, iaid the dochefi, if your 
company be neceftary in this adventure, you meft go } 
for all good people will make it their bufineia to intreat 
you j and 'twou'd look very ill, that through yoor Tain 
fears, thefe poor gentlewomen fhould remain thus with 
tough and bnftly Sices* God fave the king, I cry again, 
kid Sancho, were it a piece of charity for the relief of 
fane good fober gentlewomen, or poor innocent hofpital-* 
&rls, (bmething might be faid : .but to gall my back* 
fide, and venture my neck, to unheard- a pack of idling* 
frollopping chamber-jades, with a murrain i not I, let T 
them go elfewhere for a {haver; I witfi.i might fee the' 
whole tribe of 'em wear .beards from the higheft to the 
Weft, from the proudeft to the prirnmeft, all hairy like 
fo many fhe-goats. . You are very angry with waiting-* 
women, Sancho, faid the 4ucbek; that '.pothecary hat 
infpir'd you with this bitter fpirit. But your' re to blame,' 
friend, for I'll allure your there areifome; in my family, 
that may ferve for patterns of difcretion to all thofe of* 
to function j and Donna Rodriguez here will let me 
% no Ids. Ay, ay, Madam, /aid Donna Rodriguez, 
your grace may fay what you pleafe : this is a cenfoTiout 
world we live in, but heaven knows all 5 and whether 
fcood or bad, bearded or unbearded, we waiting-gentle- 
women had mothers as well as the reft of our fex > and 
fince providence has made us as we are, and'plac'd-us in the 
world, it knows wherefore, and fo we truft in it's mercy, 
*nd no body's beard ? Enough, Donna Rodriguez, faid 
Don Quixote 5 as for you, Lady Trifaldi, and other dif- 
trefled matrons, I hope that~he4ven will fpeedily look 
with a pitying eye on your farrows, and that Sancho 
will do as I fliall defire/ I only wim Clavileno would 
once come, that I may encounter Malambruno, for 1 
am fure no razor fhould be more expeditious in (having 
your Jadyfliip's beard, than my fword to lhave that giant' • 

E 3 hei 

4\ U -' 

42 tfhs life /fnd atchievements 

head from, his (houlders : heaven may a while permit the 
wicked, but not for ever. 

Ah ! ' moft valorous champion, faid the duoonfclate 
matron, may all the (tare in the celeftial regions fhed 
their moft propitious influence on your generous valour, 
which thus fnpports the caufe of our unfortunate office, 
(o expos'd to the poifonous rancour of apothecaries, and 
fo revil'd by faucy grooms and fquires. Now all ill-luck 
attend the low-fpirited quean, who, in the flower of her 
youth, will not rather choofe to turn nun, than waiting- 
woman ! poor forlorn contemnM creatures as we ace ! 
though descended in a direct line from father to fen, from 
He&orof Troy himfelf, yet would not our ladies find a 
more civil way to fpeak to us, than Thee and Thou, 
though it were to gain *em a Jpngdom. O giant Ma- 
lambruno ! thou, who though an inchanter, art always 
moft faithful to thy word, fend us the peerlefe Clavileno, 
that our misfortunes may have an end. For if the wea- 
ther grows hotter than it is, and thefe ihaggy beards 
flill fprout about our faces, what a fad pickle will they 
be in ! • 

The di&o&Jblate lady utterM thefe lamentations in fo 
^atbetick a manner, that the tears of all the fpe&atnrs 
waited on her complaints; and even Sancho himfelf be- 
gpn to water his plants, and condefcend at leaft to fhare 
in the adventure, and attend his mafterto the very fag- 
end of the world, fo he might contribute to the clearing 
away the weeds that overfpread thofe venerable faces. 



if the rtnawn'd* Don QtfXXOT E. 4i 


Of QaviUn<?t * (alias Wooden-Peg* $) arrival, with 
the conclujunt of this tedious adventure, 

THESE difcourfes brought on the night, and with 
it the appointed time for the famous Cla- 
vilcno's arrival. Don Quixote, very impatient at His 
delay, began to* fear, that either he was not the knight 
for whom this adventure was referved, or elfe that the 
giant Malambruno had not courage to enter into a £ngle 
combat with him. But, unexpectedly, who mould ea- 
ter the garden, but four favages covered with green ivy, 
bearing on their moulders a large wooden horfe, which 
they fet upon his legs before the company 5 and then one 
of them cry'd out, now let him that has the courage, 
mount this engine-— I am not he, quoth Sancho, for I 
have no courage, nor am I a knight — And let him take 
his fquire behind him, if he has one (continued the fa- 
vage) with this afiurance from the valorous Malambru- 
oo, that no foul play {hall be offer'd, nor will he ufe 
any thing but his fword to offend him, 'Tis but only 
turning the peg before him, and the horfe will tranfport 
him through the air to the place where Malambruno 
attends their coming. But let them blindfold their eyes, 
left the dazzling and fhipendious height of their career 
fcould make *em. giddy 5 and let the neighing of the 
borfe inform 'em that they are arrived at their journey's 
end. Thus having made his fpeech, the favage turned 
about with his companions, and, leaving Clavileno, 
march' d out handfomely the fame way they came in. 

The difconfolate matron feeing the horfe, almoft with 
tart, addreffed Don Quixote ; Valorous knight, cry*d 

* A name compounded of the two Sfauijb words*&& 
•^■tffr/fif, and leno, wood. 

44 ^ bf e an ^ rtcbtevements ^ 

ikt, Malambruno is a man of his word, the horfeid 
here, our beards bad on ; therefore I and every one oT 
tg conjure you by all the hairs on our duns, to haifea 
our deliverance ; fince there heeds no more, but that you , 
and your fquire get up, and give a happy beginning to 
your intended journey. Madam, anfwer'd Don Quixote, 
£11 do't with all my heart, J will not fo much as (lay 
for a cufliion, or to put on my fpurs, but mount inftant- 
ly ; fuch is my impatience to dUneard your hdyfhip's 
face, and reftore ye all to your former gracefulnefs. 
That's more than I ihall do, quoth Sancho, I an* tin 
fuch plaguy hafte, not I ; and if the qulckfet hedges on 
their fhouts can't be lopp'd off without my riding on that 
hard crupper, let my mafter furnish himfelf with another 
fquire, and thefe gentlewomen get feme other barber. 
Fm no witch Aire, to ride through the air at this rate 
on a broomfHck ! what will my Wanders-fay, think ye, 
when they hear their governor is flying like a paper- 
kite ? befi<les, 'tis three or four thoufand leagues from 
hence to Candaya, and what if the horfe mould tire 
upon the road ? or the giant grow humourfome ? what 
would become of us then ? we may be feven years a get- 
ting home again ; and heaven knows by that time, what 
would become of my government : neither UTand nor 
dryland would know poor Sancho agen. No, no, I 
know better things j what fays the old proverb ? De- 
lays bread danger ; and when a cow's given thee, run 
and halter her ! I am the gentlewoman's humble fervant, 
hot they and their beards imift excufe me, faith ! St Pe- 
ter is weD at Rome, that is to fay, here I'm much made 
of, and by the mafter of the houfe*» good-will, I hope 
to fee my felf a governor. Friend Sancho, faid- the 
duke, as for your Hand, it neither floats nor fVirs, (o 
there's no fear it fliould run away before you come back ; 
the foundations of it are ftVd and rooted in the pro- 
found abyfa of the earth. Now, becaufe you muft needs 
think I cannot but know, that there is no kmd of 
office of any value that is not purchafed with Ibme. for* 
of bnbe e» gratification, ef one kind- or other, all that 
T eq»e£fc for advancing you to this gw c imn ent, 1* only 

of the rencwrid Dm Quixote. 45 

tat you wait on your mailer in this expedition, that 
there may be an end of this memorable adventure : and 
I here engage my honour, that whether you return oil 
Clavileno with all the fpeed his fwiftnefs promifes, or 
that it mould be your ill fortune to be oblig'd to foot it 
back like a pilgrim, begging from inn to Inn, and door 
to door, IH11 whenever you come, you will find your 
ifland where you left it, and your iilanders as glad to 
receive you for their governor as ever. And for my own 
part, Signor Sancho, Til allure you, you*d very much 
wrong my friendship, mould you in the leaf! doubt my 
readinefe to ferve you. Good your worfliip fay no more, 
cry'd Sancho, I am but a poor fquire, and your goodnefs 
» too great a load for my moulders. But hang bafenefi : 
mount, mailer, and blindfold me, fomebody ; wifh me 
> good voyage, and pray for me— But hark ye, good 
folks, when I am got up, and fly in the ikies, mayn't 
I fay my prayers, and call on the angels my felf to help 
me, trow ? Yes, yes, anfwer'd Trifaldi j for Malanu 
brano, though an inchanter, is neverthelefs a chriftian, 
and dees all things with a great deal of fagacitv, having 
nothing to io with thofe he fliould not meddle with. 
Come on then, quoth Sancho, God and the moft holy 
Trinity of Gaeta * help me ! Thy fear, Sancho, faitl 
Don Quixote, might by a fuperftitious mind be thought 
ominous : fince the adventure of the fulling-mills, I have 
not feen thee pofiefs'd with fuch a pannick terror. But, 
bark ye, begging this noble company's leave, I muft 
Have a word with, you in private. Then withdrawing 
into a diflant part of the garden among Came trees 5 My 
dear Sancho, faid he, thou feeft we are going to take a 
long journey ; thou art no lefs fenfible of the uncertain- 
ty of our return, and heaven alone can tell what leifure or 
conveniency we may have in all that time : let me there- 
fore beg thee to /lip srfide to thy chamber, as if it were 
to get thyfelf ready for our journey : and there prefently 
difpatch me only fome 500 ladies, on the account of the 
— ■'»' .1 ■ ■ ■ ' ■ -■-*■■ ' ■ - 

• A church in Italy, of /fecial devstion to tt 

hUJftdVtinity; • • 

46 • *Tkt life and atfbitvements 

3300 thou ftaadeft engaged for $ 'twill foon bed 
and a bufinefi well begun, you know, is half ended) 
Stark mad, before George, cry'd Sancho. I wonder y 
are not aiham'd, Sir; This is juft as they fay, yoo. fe 
ne In haile, and aik me for a maidenhead ? I am j 
going to ride the wooden horfe, and you would hare 
Say my backfide. Truly, truly, you're plaguily out* 
this time. Come, come, Sir,' jet's do one thing after 
another ; let us get off thefe women's whiikcrs, and- 
then Til feague it away for Dulcinea ; I have no more, 
to fay on the matter at prefent. Well, honeft Sancho* 
reply'd Don Quixote, I'll take thy word for once, and I 
hope thou'lt make it good 5 for I believe thou art more 
fool than knave* I am what I am, quoth Sancho $ but 
whatever I be, I'll keep my word, ne'er fear it. 

Upon this they return' d to the company 5 and juft as 
they were going to mount, blind thy eyes, Sancho, (aid 
Poo Quixote, and get up. Sure he that fends fo far for 
us, can have no defign to deceive us ! fince 'twould 
never be to his credit, to delude thofe that rely on hi* 
word .of honour 5 and though. the fvcceis Jhould not be 
anfwcrable to our defires,. dill the glory of fo brave an 
attempt will be ours, and 'tis not in the power of malice 
to eclipfe it. To horfe then, Sir, cry'd Sanchoy to 
horfe : the tears of thofo poor bearded gentlewomen 
have melted my heart, and methinks I reel the bri&es 
fticking in it. I fban't eat a bit to do me good, till I fee 
them have as pretty dimpled finooth chins, and foft lips as 
they had before. Mount then, I fay, and blindfold 
your felf firft j for if I muft ride behind, 'tis a plain 
cafe you muft get up before me. That's right, faid Don 
Quixote j and with that pulling a handkerchief out of 
his pocket, he gave it to the difconfolate matron to 
{loodwink him clofe. She did fo ', but prefently after, 
uncovering hlmfelf, if I remember right, (aid he, we read 
in Virgil, of the Trojan Palladium, that wooden horfe 
which the Greeks offered Pallas, full of. arm'd knights, 
who afterwards prov'd the total ruin of that famous city* 
*Twere prudent therefore, before we got up, to probe 
deed, and fee what he has in his guts, Vou need 


ef thi renown' d Don Qu rxoTE. 47 

Hot, faid the countefs Trifeldi, I dare engage there's 
no ground for any fuch furmife ; for Malambruno is <a» 
can of honour, and would not fo much as countenance 
any bale or treacherous practice ; and whatever accident 
berals ye, I dare anfwer for. Upon this Don Quixote 
mounted without any reply, imagining that what he 
night further urge concerning his fecurtty, would be a 
nfle&ion on his valour. He then began to try the pin, 
vfaich was eafily turn'd j and as he fat with his long 
kgs ftretch'd at length for want of ftirrups, he looked 
like one of thofe antique figures in a Roman triumph, 
woven in fome old piece of arras. 

Sancbo very leifiurely and unwillingly was made to 
tiimb up behind him ; and fixing himfelfas well as he 
could on the crupper, felt it ibmewhat hard and on- 
tafy. With that, looking on the duke, good my lord, 
<;n«th he, will you lend me fomething to clap under me 5. 
feme pillow from the page's bed, or the duchefs's, 
cafliion of ftate, or any thing ; for this horfe's crupper 
is fo confounded hard, I fancy 'tis rather marble than, 
wood. *Tis needlefs, faid the countefs, for Clavilena 
*ill bear no kind of furniture upon him ; fo that for 
your greater cafe, you had beft fit tideways like a wo- 
man. Sancho took her advice ; and then, after he had 
taken his leave of the company, they bound a cloth oner 
bis eyes. But pvefently after uncovering his face, with 
» pitiful look on all the fpe&ators, good tencter-hearttd 
chriftiansy (cry*d he with tears in his eyes) beftow a few 
Pater -Nofters and Are-Mary's on a poor departing bm- 
tfaer, and pray for my foul, as you expect the like charity 
your fehres in fuch a condition; What} you. rafcal* 
faid Don Quixote, <Tye think yourfcrf at th e gar H o m , 
Bad at the pomt of death, that you hold forth in fuch a 
lamentable ftrain ? Darftadly wretch without a foul, deft. 
thou not know that the fair Ma&alona onee fat in thy 
place, and alighted from thence, not into Che gn™*« 
thou chicken-hearted varlet, hot into the throne of t 
France, if there's any truth in hiflory ? and do not I fit 
by thee, .that I may vie with the vak*roustf>weT of Pt»- 

*ence> and prefi the feat that was once prefs'd *y -Mr* * 


48 The life and attbievementt s 

Come, blindfold thy eyes, poor fpiritlds ffttimal, -wti 
Jet me not know thee betray the leak fymptom of feri 

• at leaft not in my prefence. Well, quoth Sancho, hoc* 
wink me then among ye t but 'tis no tnar'l one Jtoui 

- be afraid, when you won't let one fay. hit pmyesv ay 
be pray'd for, though for ought I know, -we may fra* | 
a legion of imp3 about our ear*, to chip us up in. tl I 
devil's pound * presently. <■"•.. i 

Now both being hoodwinked, and Don Quixote pd j 
eeiving every thing ready for their fetting out, began 1 1 
turn the pin } ano\. no (boner had he fet his hand to if j 
but the waiting-women and all the company fet up thc£ 

• throats, crying out, Speed you, fpeed you well, valoroq 
knight, heaven be your guide, undaunted fauire ! now ; 
now, you fly aloft. See how they cut the air most 
fwiftly than an arrow ! now they mount; and tower, add 
foar, while the gating world wonders at their courie, 
Sit faft, fit faft> courageous Sancho 5 yon don*t fit fieady j 
have a care of foiling $ for ftould .you now drop from 
that amazing height, your fall would be greater than the 
afpiring youth's, that mifguided the chariot of the fun his 
father. All this Sancho heard ; and girting his arms 
faft about his matter's waift, Sir, quoth he, why do 
they fay we are fo high, fince we can hear their voices? 
Troth I hear 'em fo plainly, that one would think they 
were clofe by us. Ne'er mind that, anfwer'd D< 
Quixote 5 for in thefe extraordinary kind of flight 
we muft fuppofe our hearing and feeing will be extrao 
dinary alio. . But don't hold me fo haid, for you* 
make me tumble off. What makes thee tremble ' 
I'm fure I never rid eafier in all my life 5 our horfe 

* In the original it is, To carry ui to Peralvillo, /. 
To bang us Jirfi, and try us afterwards, as Jarvit tn 
lata it. Stevens's dielionary fays, Peralvillo is a «*fl 
near Gvded-lUaJ in Cafiile, where the holy krothcrhwt 
cr officers fir apprehending highwaymen, difpatcb tb$ 
they take in the fail, without Bringing ''em to trial \ hi 
what we t*h\ Hanging a mam firjt, and trying him * 

§f thi nnwrid Don Quixote. 49 

It if he did not move at all. Come then, take courage) 
ve make {winging wey t and have a fair and merry gale, 
I think fo too, quoth Sancho, for I feel the wind puff as 
brilkly upon me hero, at if I don't know how many 
pair of bellows were' blowing wind in my tail* Sancho * 
{ires not altogether Hi the wrong ; for two or three pair 
fcf bellows were indeed levelled at him then, which gave 
«ir very plentifully ; ft well had the plot of this ad* 
nature been laid by the*duke, the duchefs, and then* 
toward, that nothing tyas Wanting to further the divert 

Don Quixote at laft feeling the wind, Sure, fakl hs> 
ve mart be rifen to the middle region of the air, where 
the winds, hail, ihtfw, thunder, lightning, and othe> 
meteors ore proditcM j fo that if we mount at thit rate, 
we rhall be in the region of fire prefently, and what** 
vorft, I don't know how fo manage this pin, fo as to a- 
void being fcorch'd and roafted alive. At the fame time 
fome flax, with other eombuftible matter, which had 
been got ready, was cUpp'd at the end Of a long ftiek, 
and fet on fire at ft fmall diftance from their nofes, and 
the beat and finoak affeding the knight and the fquire j 
May I be hang'd, quoth Sancho, if wc ben't come to 
this fire-place you talk of, or very near it ; tor the half 
«f my beard is fing'd already. I have a huge mind to 
peep out, and fee whereabouts we are. By no meant, 
anfwer'd Don Quixote 3 I remember the ftrange but true 
Rory of doftor jTorralva, whom the devils carry' d to 
Rome hoodwink*d, and beftriding a reed, in twelve 
hours time, fetting him down en the tower of Nona, in 
one of the ftreets of that city. There he faw the 
dreadful tumult, aflault, and, death of the conftable of 
Bourbon 5 and the next morning he found Jumfelf $t 
Madrid, where he related the whole ftory. Among 
other things, he faid, as he went through the air, the 
d^vil bid him open his eyes, which he did, and then' he 
found himfelf fo near the moon, that he could toufh it 
with ' hi» finger 5* but dotft not look towards the earth, 
left the diftance mould make his brains turn round. So 
Sancho, we nuift not unveil our eyes, but jathej whotty 

Vol, IV, S «™ 6 

50 *Tbe life and dtcbievments 

truft to the care and providence of him that has cfi4rgi 
of us $ and fear nothing, for we only mount high, cz» 
come foufe down like a hawk, upon . the kingdom of 
X?andaya, which we ihaU reach presently : for tK«»«gfr 
it appears not half, an hour to us fines we left the 
garden, we have, nevertheless, travell'd over a vafttraA 
of air. I know nothing of the matter, reply 'd Sancho, 
but this I am very certain, that if your madam Magu- 
lane, or Magalona (what d* ye call her) cou'd fit this 
damn'd wooden crupper without a good cuuion trader 
her tail, (he muft have a harder pair of buttocks than 

This dialogue was certainly very plealant all this while 
to the duke and duchefs, and the reft of the company ; 
and now at laft refolving to put an end to this extraordi- 
nary adventure, which had to long eotertain'd them fitc- 
cefsfully, they ordered one of their Jervants to give fire m 
Clavileno's tail ; and the horfe being ftuft full of (quins* 
crackers, and other fire-works, burft presently into 
pieces, with a mighty noife, throwing the knight one 
way, and the fquire another, both fumcieatly 61%'d. 
By this time, the difconfolate matron, and bearded re- 
giment,, were vaniuVd out of the garden, an4 all the 
reft counterfeiting a trance, lay. fiat upon the ground; 
Don Quixote and Sancho forely bnuYd, made tnift to 
get up, and looking about, were amaVd to find them- 
felves in the fame garden whence they took boric, and 
fee fuch a number of people lie dead, as they thought, 
on the ground. But their wonder was diverted by the 
appearance of a large lance ftuck in the ground, and a 
fcroll of white parchment fatten' d to it by two gre-n 
filken firings, with the following infeription upon it in 
golden characters. 

The renowned knight, Don Quixote de la A&mcia, 
atcbiev'd the adventure of the ceantefi Irifaldi, other- 
wijjt cali'd the Difconfolate Matron, and her coenpmment 
in diflrefs, by barely attempting it, Maiambruwa is f*lh 
Jatisfyd. The waiting gentlewomen, lave lep that 
tartff ; king Cjavijo and «*eeu dbffMQmafia btrVe refimd 


tftht tenowii d D'$n Quixote. 51 

&t> prijHne jbafes ; *ni when the fouire's penance 
p*& be finiftrd, the white dove p>all*jcape tbe pwnce* 
•f the fxnkcious bowks that furfue her, and her firi- 
ng hver /bail Ml her in bit arms. This is pre-ordain' d 
bytbeJsgeMerhn, froto-iucbanHr of inthanteru 

( Don Quixote hiving read this Oracle, and conftraing 
* to refer to Dukinea's difinchantment, render'd 
riwilrt to heaven for lb great- a detrverence j and ap- 
paaching the duke and dacheft, who feem'd as yet in a 
fwoon, he - took the duke by the hand : Courage, cou- 
nt*, noble Si», cry'd he, there's no danger ; the ad- 
venture 19 finiu'd without blood-Joed*, as yon may read 
n fegtflcr d m that record* 

The duke, yawning and ftretehing, at if he had been 
wak'd out of' a found fleep, recovered himfelf by de- 
grees, as did the duchefs, and the reft of the company ; 
aU of them acting the farprise fo naturally, that the 
jeft could not he di&over'd. The duke, nibbing his 
eyes, made a Aire to read the fcrell-j then embracing 
DoeQuwote, he extelTd his valour to the Aries, aflur- 
ing him, he waa the braveft knight the earth had ever 
eoffcfi'd. As far Sancho, he was looking up and down 
the garden for : the difconfolate matron, to fee what fort 
of a face me had got, now her fure-buih was off. But 
he was informed, that asClavikne came down flaming 
in the air, 'the coontefs, with her women, vantth'd 
immediately, hat not one of 'em chinbrfcftkd, nor fo 
much as a- hair neon their faces. 

Then the dnehefe aflt'd Sancho, how he had fat'd in 
his long voyage? Why truly, madam, amVerM he, 
I have feen w onde r s 5 for yon muft know, that though 
my mafter would not fuller me to poll the cloth from 
my eyes, yet as I have a kind of itch to know every 
thing, and a fpice of the fpirit of contradiction, (till 
hankering after what's forbidden me } fd when, as 
my mafter told me, we were flying through the region 
of fire, I- flwvM -my handkerchief * Ante above my 
awfc, and, looVd down 5 and what d^yoo think I fav/ 
I fpy'd the earth a hugeoua way afar off beley 
. • Fa (V 1 

$i The lift end attkwmtkt* 

(heaven blefc us !) no bigger then. a SMi&udietd ; mo4 
the men walking -to and fro upon't, not raucb larger 
than haelc-nuts. Judge now. if we worn not got up 
woundy high I Have a care what you fay, my friend* 
fojd the duchefr $ for if the men wete bigger than Jttzk- 
mits, and the earth no bigger than amuftard-feed, one man 
mttft be btggsr 7 tha& the whole earth, end cover it lb that 
you could not fee it. Like enough, anfweied Sancho j 
but for all that* d'you fits, I few ft with, a kind of s 
frk-look upon, one part of it, orfo, Look you, San- 
cfco, repiy*4 the duckets* that won't bear j for nothing 
cam be? wholly feen by any pert ef it. Weil, well, 
Madam? euoth Sdncho, I don't unjfaftaad your parts 
and wholes I I faw it, and there's «n end of the) ftorr; 
Only you muft=think, thai: a* we flew by JBehantaoent, 
fo ^vc few by inchaotment ; a*A thus. I might lee the 
earth, and aU the men, which Way soever I look'd* 
I'M warrant, you won't beWve me neither when I tell 
you, that when I thruft up the kerchief above my brow* 
I faw myCelf fo near heaven, that between the top of 
iny cap and the jmein iky, there was not a fpan nod s 
half. And, heaven bleft ua i ferfeoth, what a hugeous 
great place- it « ! and wehappeA'd to travel that road 
where the feven # She-Goatftnrt were t and faith and 
troth, I had fuck a mind to play with Vol (having been 
©nee a goatherd nay (elf) that I fancy I'd harecry'd tof 
(elf to death,, had i net don* it. So foon as I fpy'd 
'em, what, does. -me J, but freaks t daw* very foberly 
from behind my mafter, withouftelling -any living foe4 , 
end play'd and kaf'd about, for three quartets of an 
hour by the dock, with the pretty nanny-goatx, who 
ere at fweet and fine as fo many mangold* or gilly- 
flowers j and.honeft Wooden-Peg itirr'd not one flep aH 
the while. And while. Sancho emfdey'd hiinfelf with 
wttK the goats, eflc'd the duke, how wasXJon Quixote 
employ'd r Truly, aofocr'd the Knight, I am fenfibk 
aU things were aJter'd from their natural eosrfe ; there- 

* The pleiades, Wf*r^ (olTd h famijk, thtSm/m 


wf the renowttd Dm Qvixote. $ 3 

Ante' what Sancho Jays, feems the lefs Grange to me. 

But for my own part, I neither (aw heaven nor hell, fea 

nor more. I perceiv'd indeed we pafs'd through the 

jniddle region of the air, and were pretty near that of 

fire, hot that we came fo Hear heaven, as Sancho lays, 

» altogether incredible ; becaufe we then muft have pafs'd 

quite through the fiery region, which lies between thfc 

fphere of the moon, and the upper region of the air. 

Now it was impoffible for Us to reach that part, where 

are the Pleiades, or the Seven Goats, as Sancho calls 

*em, without being confom*d in the elemental fire j and 

therefore fincew eicapM tfroJe names, cenalnly we did 

not fear fo high, and Sancho either lies or dreams. I 

neither lie nor dream, reply'd Sancho. Uds precious! 

I can tell you the narks and colour of every goat among 

'em.. If you don't believe me, do but ajk and try me. 

You'll "eafily fee whether I fpeak truth or no. Well* 

snd the dncheff, prithee telr them me, Sancho. Look 

you, anfwer'd Sancho, there were two of *em gre^n, two 

carnation,, two blue, and one party-colour'd. Truly. 

£ud the duke, that's a new kind of goats you have found 

oat, Sancho, we have none of thofe colours upon earth, 

S*re, Sir, replied Sancho, you'll make feme fort of difV 

foeace between heavenly ihe-goats, and the goats of this 

world ? But, Sancho, faid the duke, among thofe fliee- 

goats, did you fee never a he * } not one horn'd beaft of 

the mafculine gender r Not one, Sir, I faw no other 

horn'd thing but the moon ; and I have been told, that 

1 wither he-goats, nor any other cornuted tups are fuf- 

fo'd to lift their horns beyond thofe of the moon. 

They did not think fit to afic Sancho any more quef- 
tioas about his airy voyage, for, m the humour he was 
in, they judg'd he would not ftick to ramble all over 
the heavens, and tell *em- news of whatever was doing 
there, though he had not ftirr'd out of the garden al{ 
the while. 
■ •> 1 — — — — — »*— ■— — — — — — — i 

* Cabron t jfjeft on the double meaning of that word, 
which fifrmfitt botb a He-Goat and a Cuckold. Sancho 
a) bit gnfwer, feem to take, or bit by cbanxt on, tbe tf 

Thai ended, » (host, the adventure of t|«. dilcon* , 
folate matron, wliich afforded fuffici*nt.fpQ,rt tiuhe duke 
and duchefs, not only foi the prefect, but /or the reft of 
their lives j and mignt have Apply 1 d Sancho with mat- 
ter of talk from generation to .generation, for many 
ages> could he have liv'd fo long. Sancho ((aid Don 
Quixote, whifpering him in the ear), fuwre thou wou'dft , 
have us belfeye what thou haft feed in heavery 1 defirc , 
thee to believe what X iaw U) MoateunosYcayc* . Not a 
word more. . . 

CH A P. XLH. * 

%he wjlrutfiatu which Von guixot* gatve. Sancho JP*«f*« 
'. ' before he went to the govtrnma* of bit ifiand, v»tk 
r ether matters of piomtnt, 

THE iatisfa^lion which the duke and, duchefs re- 
ceived by the happy weeeis of the adventure of 
the difconibjate matron, encourag'd 'em to carry on 
iome other pleafant project, ilnce they could with fe 
much eafe jmpofe on the credulity of Don Quixote, 
tnd his (quire.- Having therefore given: inftru&ioas to 
their fervants and vaflals how to behave themfelves to- 
wards Sancho in his government \ the day after the 
fcene of the wooden-horie, the duke bid Sancho prepare, 
and be in a readinefs to take poflefiaon of his govern* 
ment j fox now. his iflanders wuVd as heartily for him, 
as they did for rain in a dry fummer, Sancho made aa 
humble bow, and looking demurely on the duke, Sir, 
quoth he, fince I came down from heaven, whence I faw 
the earth fo very fmall, I an't half fo hot as I was for 
being a governor. For what greatnefs can there be in 
being at the head of a puny dominion, that's but a little 
nook of a tiny muftard-teed ? And what dignity and 
power can a man be reckon' dim have, in governing half 
-•* men no bigger than hjule-nuts ? For I could not 


<f th* rsxnun'4 P<m Qvxxorz. 55 

tfcink there ww? any more in the whole wsirid*. No, 
if your grace would throw away upon me never, fe lktfc 
a corner ia beavea*. though it were hut half* league, 
or fo,. I woul4 fake it with better will than I would the 
hrgeft iflajid on earth.'. Friend Sancho, enfwer'd the 
duke, I can't difpofeof as inch of heaven; fee that'a 
the province pf Opd alone > but what I am able to be- 
&»w, I give you ; that is, an iiland tight aod clever, 
found and well pronortion'd, fertile and plentiful lo feeh 
a degree, that if you have but the art and uafcrfaodtng 
to manage things right,, you may make hoard these both 
«f the treafure of this world and the next. 

WeD then, quoth Sancho, let me have this iflandV 
and I'll do my hefk to be fuch a governor, that, in fpite 
of rogues, lifaaa't want a imall nook in heaven one day 
or other. 'Tis not out of covetoufoefs neither, that 
I'd leave my little coMy and fet up for foroebody, but 
meerly to know what kind of thing it is to be a gever- 
nor. Oh I Saacho, £aid the duke, when on** you've 
had a tafte of it, you'll never leave licking your fingers, 
'tisfo fweet and bewitching a thing to command- and be 
obcy'd. I am confident, when your mailer- comet to be 
an emperor (as he .cannot fajl to be, according op the 
courfeof.his affairs} he will never by any,conudemtipit 
be petfuaded to. abdicate $ his only grief will be, that he 
was one no {boner. , 

^ Troth, Sir, reply'd Sancho, I am of your mind % 
'tis a dainty- thing to command, though 'twere but * 
flock of flieep. Oh ! Sancho, cry'd tho duke, let me 
live and die with thee ; for thou haft an inught into 
every thing. I hope thou'lt prove as good a governor 
is thy wifdom befpeaks thee. But no more at. thie 
time, — to-morrow, without further delay, you fet for- 
ward to your iiland, and mall he futniuVd this aA-emoo* 
with equipage and dreis anfwerable to -your poh^ eai aft 
other .neceiiaries. for your journey. 

Let 'em drefs me as they will, quoth San c ho, I (hall 
he ahe lame Sancho Pane* ftill. That'* true, Md- the 
duke, yet every man ought to wear clothe* Jnitable tcr 
his place and. dignity j for a lawyer mould notjp draft* 

56 The life and atehievements 

like a fdtofer, nor a folder like a prieft. As for yrm, 
'Saneho, you are to wear the habit both of a Captain mnd 
-a civil magiftrate ; fo your drcfi fhall be a compound of 
thofe two ) for in the government that*I beftow on yon, 
armt are as neceflary as learning, and a man of letters as 
requlfifee as a fwordfinan.— -Nay, at for letters, quoth 
Saneho, I can't fay much for myfelf : for as yet I ftarce 
know*, my A, B, C ; bat yet, if I can but remember 
my Chrift's-crofs *, 'tis enough to make me a good go- 
vernor: As for my arms, I'll not quit my weapon as 
long at I can- ftand, and fo heaven he our guard. Saneho 
can't do amiis, (aid the duke, while he remembers thefe 

By this time Don Quixote arriv'd, and hearing how 
fuddenly Saneho was to go to his government, with the 
duke's permiflion, he took him afide to give him fome 
good inftru&ions for his conduct in the difcharge of hit 
office. x 

BemgenterM Don Quixote's chamber, and the door 
Ihut, he almoft forcibly oblig'd Saneho to fit by him ; 
and then with a grave deliberate voice he thus began. 

I give heaven infinite thanks, friend Saneho, that be- 
fore I have the happinefs of being put in pofleflion of 
my hopes, I can fee thine already crownM : fortune 
haftening to meet thee with thy withes. I, who had 
aflign'd the reward of thy (ervices upon my happy fuc- 
cefs, am yet but on the way to preferment ; and thou, 
beyond all reafonable expectation, art arriv'd at the aim 
and end of thy defires. Some are arduous, folficttous, 
importunate, rife early, bribe, intreat, prefs, will take 
no denial, obftinately perfift in their fuit, and yet at hft 
never obtain it. Another comes on, and by a lucky 
hit or chance, bears away the prize, and jumps into the 
perferment which lb many had purfuM in vain 3 which 
verifies the faying, 

The happy borne their Jays, and thefe they cbeefe 5 

The unha p py have hut hours, and rbofe they lop. 

• He means the ebrift-crofi-rew 5 fe calTd Jrm the 
r < fcrag putatthebepnmug •ftbtA 9 B > t. 


•fthi renown 4 d Don QyxxofE. 57 

Than, who feem'ft to me a very blockhead, without 
fitting op Jate, or rising early, or any manner of fatigue 
or trouble, pnly the air of knight-errantry being breath'd 
oa thee, art advance to the government of an Usand in 
a trice, as if it wete a thing of no moment, a very 
trifle. I /peak this, my dear Sancho, not to upbraid 
thee, nor oat of envy, but only to let thee know, thou 
art not to attribute all this fuccefs to thy own merit* 
while 'tis entirely owing to the kind heavenly difyofer of 
human affairs, to whoa thy thanks ought to be rt- 
tarn'd. But, next to heaven, thou art to afcribe thy 
mppinefs to the greatneft of the profeffion of knight* 
errantry, which indudes wkliinitfeif fudilbres of ho- 
Aour and preferment. 

Being convine'd of what I have already said, be yet 
attentive, O my f«n< to whet I, thy Cato, have further 
to lay : Lificn, I fay, to my admoxiitaoiMj and I will 
be thy north-ftar, and pilot to fteer and bring thee 
iafe into the port of honour, out of the tompeftu- 
ous ocean, into which, thou art jnft going to launch ; 
fcr office* and great employments are no letter than pro- 
inind gulpha ofconfuAeot . . . - : 

Firft of all, O my ion, fear God x far the fear ef 
Cod is the beginning of wiftom, end wiftom will never 
let thee go eftray. 

Secondly, Connder what thou were, and make fc thy 
louneJs to know thyself, which is the moft diAenlt W- 
foo in the world. Yet from this leflbn thou wilt team 
to avoid the frog's foejiih ambition of fweiliog to rival 
the bsgneJa of the ox | eUc the conndeeation of your 
having been a hogdriver, will jbe, to the wheel of your 
fortune, like the peacock's ugly feet .♦*:. 

True, sjuoth Sancho, but I was then bat a little boy ; 
fa when I grew up to be fomewhat* bigger, - 1 drove 
geefe, and not hogs, Put methinks that*s -nothing to 
thepurpoie; for all governors can't come :fro» kings 
aad princes, 


* The Ua<.9*k, in thffh/e, pritkd betfty in her 
beauty, tiUJbe was fitt in mind of her ugly feet** - 

58 Tbt life and QtchifomenH* 

Very true, putfu'd Don Quixote; therefore thofe wh^ 
want a noble defcent, ouift allay the fcverity of their 
officc witb/mildnefs and civility, which, directed by 
wifHom, may fecure *em from the murmurs and malice, 
from which no ftate nor condition k exempt. - 

Be well pleafed with the meanneft of thy family, San- 
cho ; .nor think it a difgrace to own thyfelf derivM from 
labouring men 5 for, if thou art notamamed of it thy- 
jfelf, nobody ette will ftrive to make theefo. Endea- 
vour rather to be efteem'd humble and virtuous, than 
<proud and viciout. The number is almoft infinite, of 
jthofewho, -from low and vulgar birth?, have been raisM 
.to the higheft. dignities, to the papal chair, and the im- 
perial throne 5 and this I could prove by examples enough 
to tire thy patience. 

Make virtue the medium of all thy actions, and thou 
, wUt have no caufe to envy thofe whofe birth gives 'em 
•the 'titles of great men, and princes $ for nobility is in- 
herited, * but virtue acotfir'd: and virtue is worth more 
,-initfelf, than nobfenete of birth. 

If anyjif thy poor relations come to 4ee thee, -never 

rejeft nor affront *cm j but, on thecontrary, receive 

" and entertain • em 'with marks of favour; in this thou 

- wiludtipJay a generofity of nature, and pleafe heaven 

that would have nobody to defpife what it has'made. 

If thou-fehd'ft for thy wife, as *ris not fit a man in tby 
t fhtion ihould be long without his wife, and Ate ought to 
.partake of her hu (band's good fortune, teach her, in- 
.ftru&fcer, polifh her the beft thou canft, till her native 
-ruuiciay is refin'd to a handfomer behaviour : for often an 
•Ill-bred wife throws down all that a good and difcreet huf- 
band can build up, 

• ShouHft thou come to be a widower (which is net 
impoflible) and thy poft recommended thee to a bride of 
a higher degree, take not one that (hall, liken fifhing- 
rod, only ferve to catch bribes. For, take it from me, 
the judge muft, at the general and laft court of- judka- 

* ture, give a ftrift account of the difbharge of his duty, 
and muft pay feverely at his dying day for what he hi* 
'•fared his wife to take. 


ff the renown* d Dm Quixote. 5£ 

Let never obftinate felf-eonceit be thy guide ; *tis the 
rice of the ignorant, who vainly prefume on their un- 

Let the tears of the poor find more companion, tho* 
not more juftice, than the irformations of the rich. 

Be equally follicitous to find out the truth, where the 
offer* and prefects of the rich, and the fobs and impor- 
tunities of the poor, are in the way. 

Wherever equity fhould, or may take place, let not 
the extent or rigour of the law bear too much on the de- 
linquent $ for 'tis not a better character in a judge to be 
rigorous, than to be indulgent. 

When the feverity of the law is to be ioftened, let 
pity, not bribes be the motive. 

If thy enemy has a caufe before thee, turn away thy 
eyes from thy prejudice, and fix them on the matter of 

In another man's caufe, be not blinded by thy own 
paffions, for thofe errors are almoft without remedy $ 
or their cure will .prove expenfive to thy wealth and re- 

When a beautiful woman comes before thee, turn 
away thy eyes from her tears, and thy can from her la- 
mentations $ and take time to confider fedately her peti- 
tion, if thou wouldft not have thy reafoa and honefty Joft 
in her fight and tears. 

Revile not with words thofe whom their crimes oblige 
thee to puntth in deed $ for the pupiihment is enough to 
tbe^rretches, without the addition of ill language. 

In the trial of criminals, confider as much as thou 
(soft without prejudice to the plaintiff, how defencelefr 
and open the sniferahle are to the temptations of our cos- 
nipt and deprav*d nature, and fb far fhew thyfelf full of 
pity md clemency \ for though Cod's attributes are equal, 
yet his mercy is more attractive and pkafing in our eyes, 
than his juftice. 

If thou obferv'ft thefe rules, Sancho, thy days mail 
be long, thy fame eternal, thy recompence full, and thy 
felicity unfpeakable. Thou (halt marry thy children ar 
|ianjUai)diea to thy, head's 4cto> theyflutt wr 

60 The life and auhteomtnts < 

no titles s Belov'd of all men, thy life Audi be peace- 
able, thy death in a good and 'venerable old age, and 
the offspring of thy grand-children, with- their foft 
youthful hands, fliall clofe thy eyes. 

The precepts I have hitherto given thee, regard the 
good and ornament of thy mind. Now give attention 
to thofe directions that relate Co the adorning of thy 


tfbt fecmdftrt of Dm gfvixofes advice to SawcboPanp. 

WH O would not have taken Don Quixote for a 
man of extraordinary wifdom, and as excel, 
lent morals, having heard him decumentize fab flrah* 
in this manner ; only, as we have often obferrM hi this 
hiftory, the leaft talk of knight-errantry fpoiTd *H, and 
made his understanding muddy ; bnt in everf thing elfe, 
fcis judgment was very dear, and his apprehension very 
nice, fo that every moment his actions ut'd to difcredk 
his judgment, and his judgment his ttftiom. But m 
thde ceconomical precepts which he gave Sancho, he 
ihew'd himfetf rnafter of a pleafant fancy, and mingled 
kb judgment and extravagance m equal proportions. 
Sancho lent him a great deal of attention, in hopes to re* 
sifter all thofe good counfels in his mind, and nut them 
in pra&ke } not doubting but by their means fee AcuM 
acquit himfetf of his duty like a man of honour. 

As to the government of thy perfcn and family ( pur- 
fu'd Den Quixote) my firft injunction is deanlifteft. 
Pare thy nails, nor let *em grow as- feme do, whoie 
folly perfuades them, that long nails add to* the beautf 
of the hand ; till they look more like caftrifs clswi, 
than i nia**s nails. *Tis foul and uhfightly. 

Keep thy clothes' tight about thee; for* slovenly 
HMtt i*.an atgutteat of acartfcfc aaind j *ak& foch 

• nsfli- 

of the renown' d Don Qyixo* E. 6 1 

• negligence, like that of Julius Coffin*, be afte&ed lor 
ibme cunning defign. 

Prudently examine what thy income may amount to 
in a year : and if fufficient to afford thy fervants liveries, 
let them be decent and lifting, rather than gaudy and for 
fcow; and for the overplus of thy good hafoandry, be- 
ftow it on the poor. That it, if thou canft keep fix 
footmen, have bat three; and let what would maintain 
three more, be laid out in charitable ufes. By that 
means thou wik have attendant* in heaven as well as on 
earth, which our vainglorious great, ones, who are ftran- 
gen to thk practice, are not like t!o hare. 

Left thy breath betray thy peasantry , defile it not with 
onions and garhek. 

Walk wkhgsavity, aiid fpeak wth deiiberatiori, gad 
yet not as if thou dldfr. hearken to thy own words j for 
all afieftatien is a fault. 

Eat little at dinner, and kfs rft fepper j for the fto- 
nsch is the rtarehoufe, whence health is to be imparted 
to the whole body. 

Drink moderately j for drunkennef^ neither keeps a 
&cret, nor obferves'a promife. 

Be careful not to c,hew on both fides, that is, fill not 
% mouth too fully and. take heed hot to eruct before 

Em£t, quoth Saneho, I don't underfbnd that cramp 
word* To eraft, anfwer'd Don Quixote, is as much as 
tour, to belch.; but this being one of the moil difit- 
greeaMe and beaftty words in our l an g ua ge, though very 
ttpremVe and fignificaht, t,he more polite, inftead of 
Wching-, fey erjaftjng, which is borrow'd from the La- 
tin. Now though 'the vulgar may not underftand this, it 
natters not much ; for ufe and cuftom will make it fa- 
nuhnr and undcrftood. By foch irmovatioas are languages 
eorich'd, when the words are adopted bv the multitude, 
^naturahVd by euftom. 

Faith and troth, quoth Sancho, of all your counfels , 
Til be funs not to forget this, for I've been mightily 
f>« to belching. Sty erects, reply'd Don Quixote, 

vot, jy^ii. a *** 

' 62 The life and atchievements 

and leave off belching. Well, quoth Sancho, he it a 
you fay, cruet, 1*11 be fure to remember. 

In the next place, Sancho, faid the knight, do not 
overlard your common difcourfe with that glut of pro* 
verbs, which you mix in it continually } for though pro- 
verb* are properly ooncHe and pithy ientences, yet as 
thou briftgfr, 'em in, in fuch a huddle, by the head and 
ihotddeTs", thou makeft 'em look like (o many absurdi- 
ties. Alas I Sir, quoth Sancho, this is af difeafe that 
heaven alone can cure ; for I've more proverbs than will 
fill a book; and whenl talk, they crowd fo thick an! 
fail to my mouth, that they quarrel which wall get oat 
firft ; fo that my tongue is forc'd to let 'em out as fall, 
rirft come firfr ferv'd, though nothing to my purpofir. 
But henceforwards I'll fet a watch on my mouth, and 
let none fly out, but fuch as fitall befit the gravity of my 
place. For in a rich man's houie the- doth is foon laid; 
where there's plenty the guefts can't be empty. A blot's 
no blot till 'tis hit. He's fare who ftands under the bells ; 
you can't eat your cake and have your cake ; and fiorc's 
•no fore. ■ 

Go on, go on, friend, faid Don Quixote; thread, tack, 
fiitchon, heap proverb on proverb, out with 'cm, man, 
fpew them oat: There's no body coming. My another 
whips me, and I whip the gigg. I warn thee to forbear fus- 
ing in a rope of proverbs every where, and thou blunder'ft 
out a whole litany of old faws, as much to the purpose as 
the Iaft year's fnow. Obferve me, Sancho, I condemn not 
the ufe of proverbs $ but 'tis moil certain, . that fuch a 
confufion and hodge-podge of 'cm, as thou throw'ft out 
and dragg'ft in by the hair together, make converiaboa 
fulfome and poor. 

When thou do' ft ride, caft not thy body all on the 
crupper, - nor hold thy legs fUff down, and ftraddlinf. 
from the horfe's belly; nor yet fo loofe, as if thou vert 
iiill on Dapple ; for the air and gracefulnefs of fitting * 
horfe, diftinguUhcs fometimes a gentleman from a groom. 
Sleep with moderation $ for he that rifes not with the 
fun, lofes fo much day* And remember this, Saach*» 
Hat diligence is the mother of good fortune t floth, °*j 

of ths renowridDon Quixote, 63 

the contrary, nevemeffe&ed any thing that fprung from 
a good and reasonable defire. 

The advice which I fhall conclude with, I would have 
thee to be Aire to fix in thy memory, though it relate 
not to the adorning thy perfon ; for . I am persuaded* it 
will redound as much to thy advantage, as any I have 
yet given thee : and this it is : . 

Never undertake to difpute, or decide any controver- 
-fies, concerning the pre-eminence of families ; fince in 
the companion, one muft be better than the other \ for he 
that is leflenM by thee will hate thee, and the other whom 
thou preferreft will not think himfelf obliged to thee. 

As for thy drefs wear clofe breeches and hofe, a long 
csat, and a cloak a little- longer. I don't adrife. thee to 
wear wide-knee' d breeches, or trunk-hofe, for they be- 
come neither fwordfinen, nor men of bufinefs. 

This is all the advice, friend Saaeho, I have to give 
thee at prefcnt. If thou takeft care to let me hear from 
thee hereafter, I wall give thee more, according as the 
occafions and emergencies require. 
■ Sir, fiid Sancho, I fee very well that all you have 
told me is mighty good, wholfome, and to the purpofe s 
hut what am I the better, if I cannQt keep it in m/ 
head ? I grant you, I ihan't eafily forget that about par- 
tog my nails, and marrying again, if I mould have the 
tack to bury my wife. But for all that other gallimaufry, • 
and heap of fluff, I can no more remember one fyllable 
of it, than the ihapes of laft year's clouds. Therefore 
1st me have it in black and white, I befeech you. *Tis 
true, I can neither write nor read, but 1*11 give it to my - 
father confeflbr, that he may beat and hammer it into 
my noddle, as occafion ferves. O heaven, cry'd Don 
Quixote, how Scandalous it looks in a governor not to- 
be able to write or read I I muft needs tell thee, Sancho, 
that for a roan to be fo illiterate, or .to be left-handed, 
. implies that either his parents were very poor and mean, 
or that he was of fo perverfii a nature, he could not re- 
ceive the impiemons of learning, or any thing that is 
good. Poor foul, I pity thee! this is indeed a ve"" 
greatdefea. I would have thee at leaft kam to w 


64 Tie lift and achievements 

thy name. Oh ! as far that, quoth Sancho,- 1 cam d* 
well enough : I can fet my name $ for when I (erv'd* 
offices in our parlih, I karat to fcrawi a fort of letters, 
fuch as they nark bundles of fluff with, which they told 
roe ipclt my name. Betides, I can pretend my right 
hand is lame, and Jo another fhall fign for me ; for 
there's a remedy for all things hut death. And fine* I've 
Che power, I'll do what I lift } . for as the frying is, He 
whofe rather is judge, goes fafe to his trial *. And as 
I am a governor, I hope I am fomewJrat higher than a 
judge. New lords, new laws. Ay, ay, any, let them 
come a* they will, and play at bo-peep. Let 'em hack- 
bite me to my free, J'll bite-back the biters. Let 'cm 
come for wool, and 1*11 fend 'em home from. Whom God 
loves, his houfe happy proves. The rich man's follies 
pais for wife laying* in this world. So I, being rich, 
d*you fee, and a governor, and free-hearted too into the 
bargain, as I intend to be, I mail have no faults at aD. 
*Tit fo, daub yourfrtf with honey, and you'll never 
want flies. What a man has, fo much he's fur* of, 
fold my oW grarinam ; and who mail hang the bell about 
the cat's neck f 

Confound tkee> cry'd Don Quixote, for as eternal 
proverb- voiding iwaprbelly. Threefcore thoufrnd Bel- 
zebubft take tie*, arid thy- d*mnM naufeous rubbiifa. 
Thou haft been this hour ftringing them together, like 
fo many ropes of onions, <a*d potfbning and racking f me 
1 ^ — ' — ■■ , - 

* Tbe new tranfidticn bat it, He whofe father is mayor 
«—««/£ a break* and this note at bottom, vie 

Saneho hint* at fame well known proverb* 

Tbeproverbmaybefiundin Stevens* s di&imqry»Q*\ttL 
padre tiene Akalde feguro va al juicio. The onginaTin- 
deed doe* break iff' in the middle, ax being a well known 
proverb, applicable to all that batve powerful friends, 

*f the original is, draughts of the rack. It allude* to 

a particular kind of. torture in. Spain $ namely, a tbin piece 

cfgauxe, molfietCd, and put to tbe lipt of a per/on dying 

with tbirfi, wbofwaHows it down by degrees, and than it 

" J *p**gdinby4bc end tbe executioner balds. in bit band* 


eftbe renown' d Don. QtJ 1XOT E . 65 

with *em. I dare fcy, theft wicked protest* will one 
day bring thee to the gallows; they*]) provoke thy 
ulanders to pull thee down, or at kail make 'em ftun 
thee like a common noiance. Tell, me, thou etfence 
of ignorance, where doft thou rake 'em up ? and who 
taught thy cods-head to apply 'em ? For it nuke* me 
fceat, as if I were delving and threflung, to fpeak but 
one, and apply it properly. 

Udfprerious ! my good matter, quoth Sancho, what a 
finall matter pots you in a pelting chafe ! why the de- 
vil ihoiild you grudge me the ufe of my QW^n goods and 
chattel*? I have no other eftate. Proverbs on proverbs 
are att my ftock. And now I have .four ready to pop) 
out, as pat to the purpofe as pears to.a panier *. But 
mum for that. Now filence is my namef. }To, re* 
ply'd Don Quixote, rather prate-resit: and frue*,boxf 
mould call thee; for thou art all tittle-tattle and obftU 
nacy. Yet methinks I'd fain hear theft (bur notable 
proverbs that come fo pat to the pUrpoft. X thank hca* 
ven I have a pretty good memory, and yet I can't for 
my foul call one to mind. Why, Sir, quoth Sancho # 
what proverbs would you have better than theft ? Be- 
tween two cheek-teeth never clap thy thumbs. And 
when a man fays, get out of .my houfe j what would 
yon with my wife ? there's no anfwer to fee made. And 
again, whether the pitcher hit the ftone, or the fame 
the pitcher, 'tis bad for the pitcher. All theft fit to a 
hair, Sir $ that is, let no body meddle with his gover- 
nor, or hit betters, or he'll rue for it, as fure as a gun { 
* he muft expect who runs his finger between two cheek- 
teeth (and though they were not cheekrteeth, if they 
be hot teeth, that's enough). In the next place, let 

* Peart fa* to Madrid, from Daroca, in March, 
tohn they arefcarce, and made up nicely, to prevent hrui- 

t h tha original, To keep filence well is called San- 
cbo. The proverb it, To keep filence well is called (fantof 
holy : hut Sambo, out of arebnefi or ignorance, flange" 
w> u bit ovm nam Sancho. 

66 Tbi lift and atchiivementt 

the governor fay what he will there's no gain-flrying 
him j 'tis as. much as when one fays, get out of my 
houfe ; w hat would you with my wife ? and as for the 
itone and the pfeoher, a blind man may fee through k. 
And fo he that fees a mote in another man's eye, mould 
do well to take the beam out of his own j that people 
mayn't fay, - the pet calk the kettk bbck~arfe, and the 
dead woman's afraid of her that's flead. Befides* your 
worflun knows, that r a foolknows more in his own houfe, 
than a wife body hi another, man's. That's a miftafce, 
Sancho, reply'd Don- Quixote 3 for the fool knows no- 
thing,- neither in his own houfe, nor 1a another man's ; 
for no fubftantial knowledge can he erected on fo bad a 
foundation as folly. But let's break off this difcoudex 
sf'thou dorr not difchaage the part of a good governor, 
thine wUl be the feuk, though the Aame and difcredit 
will be mine. However, this is my comfort, I've done 
my duty in giving thai the heft and moft wholfome ad- 
vice I could : and fo heaven proper and direct thee in 
thy governments and difappoiatiag my fears of thy tunw- 
. »g all things upfide down in that poor ifland 5 which 
t might indeed prevent, -• by giving the dnke a more 
perfect infight into' thee, and discovering to him, that 
ajl that gorbeHyM paunch-gutted little corps, of thine, 
is nothing but a bundle of proverbs, and- feck-full of 

* hook you, Sir* quoth Sancho,. if you think me not fit 
for this government I'll think no more on**. Alas! 
the leaft fnipof my foulVnaila (as a body may foy) is 
dearer .to me than' my whole body \ and I hope I can 
live plain Sancho ftitt, upon a luncheon of bread and a 
clove of garlkk, as contented as governor Sancho upon) 
capons gnd p a r tridg e s .- Death and fleep makes as all a. 
like, rich and poor, high and low. Do but call to mind 
frhat firft put this whim of government into my noddle, 
you'll fad 'twas your ownfelf : for as for me, I know ' 
no more what beings to iflajws and governors than a 
blind buzzard, 

of tbermwtfd D*n Quixotb. 6f 

So if you fancjf the devil will have me for being a go- 
vernor, let me be plain Sancho flijl, and go to heaven, 
rather than my lead fovernor, and go to hell, 

Thefe hut worda of thine, Sancho* faid Don Quixote, 
in my opinion* prove thee worthy te govee* a thooian4 
iilands. Thou haftftatvraQy a good dtfpoutioa, without 
which, all knowledge it infufficient, jtecommend thy-* 
fctf to-the divine providence, and be fure neyer to depart 
from uprightneis of intention j I mean, have ftill a firm 
purpose and defign to be thoroughly inform'd in all the 
banners that mall came before thee, and a& upon Juft 
grounds, A* heaven always favours good defies s and fa 
fct'a go to dinner, for I believe now the duke and duchelg 

♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦^♦♦* <fr*4P«Mr> 

C V A P. XUV. 

Av Seacfe P*Mf* vfas carried t* his govern/unit, and 
of tbtjbwtff «hc*titre that beft{ Don Mfyxau in tU 

WE have it from the traditional account of this 
hiftory, that there is. a manifeft difference be 
tween the translation and the Arabick in the beginning 
of this chapter ; Cid Hamet having in the original taken, 
*a escafion of criticising on himfelf, for undertaking fo 
dry and limited a fvbjelt, which muft confine him to the 
W hiftory of Don Quixote and Sancho, and debar him 
the liberty of launofcng into cpifodes and digreifions that 
Qight beof more weight and entertainment. To have his 
fancy, bis hand and pen bound up to a fingle defign, and 
his fentiacgnt* cotfa'dto the mouths of ft* few perfons, 
he urgM as an fcifttppottaple toil, and of fmall credit to 
the undertaker $ & that, to avoid this inconvenieney, he 
hasiatrodne'd into the firft part, fome novels, as, Tb* 

6$ 'The life and auhlevmento 

m a manner diftinc*t. from the defiga, though the reft of 
the ftories which he brought in there, fall naturally c- 
nough in with Don Quixote's affairs, and feem of necef- 
ftty to chum a place' in the work. It was his opinion 
ftkewife, as he has told us, that the adventures of Don 
Quixote, requiring fo great a ftare of the reader's atten- 
tion, his novels, muft expeft but an indifferent reeep- 
eion, or, at moft, but a curfory view, not fufficient to 
dlfcover their artificial contexture, which muft have 
Been *ery obvious had they been publifh'd by themfelves, 
without the interludes of Don Quixote's madness, or 
Samho'6 impertinence. Ho has therefore in thisiecond. 
part avoided all diftinft and- independent, ftories, intra* 
ducing only fuch as have the appearance of epifodes, yet 
flow naturally from the defign of the ftory, and thefe but 
feldom, an^ with as mucji brevity as they can be exprefc'cL 
ifcreiore fmce he hasty'J him&f^np to fach narrow 
bounds, and confined his understanding and parts,' other- 
wife capable of the moft copious fubje£ts, to the pore 
matter of this prefent undertaking, fW begs it may add 
a value to his work ; and that he may be commended, 
not fd much tor what he has writ; as for what he has. 
rorborn to write. And then he-proceed* in his htAsfy 
as follows. 

After dinner Don Quixote gave Sancho in writing the 
Copy of his verbal inftru&ions, ordering him to get ibme* 
body to read "em to him. But the firaire had no fooner 
got them, but he dropt the paper, which fell into the 
duke's hands ; who communicating the fame to the du- 
chefs, they found a frefli occafion of admiring the mix- 
ture of Don Quixote's good fenfe and extravagance t and 
fo carrying on the humour, they fent Sancho that af- 
ternoon with a fuitable equipage to the place he was to 
govern, which, wherever it lay, was to be an ifland to 

It happen' d that the management of this affair was 
committed to a fteward of the duke's, a man of a face- 
tious humour, and who had not only wit to fart a plea- 

" defign, but discretion to carry ft on s two qualifi- 
1 which, make an agreeable confortwhen they meet, 


oftheriiMVTfdDonQvixotK. 69 

pthing being only agreeable without good fenft. He* 
ad already perforated .the counters Trifaldi very fuccefr-. 
ally, and, with kit mailer's mfhrudiont, in relation to 
tit behaviour towards Sancho, could not but difchargo 
ustruA to a wonder. Now it fell. out, that Sancho no 
ooner cast hit eyes on the toward, but ho fancy*d ho faw 
he very face of Trifajdi 5 and turning to his matter, The 
levil fetch me, Sir, quoth he, if you don't own that this 
line toward of the duke's here ha* the very phi* of my 
ady TOmkti. Don Quixote look'd very earneOly on the 
Reward 3 and having peres'd him from top to toe, Sancho, 
i3d he, thou neecVft not give thyfelf to the devil to con- 
fan this matters I see their faces arc the very fame ) 
)«t fbt all that the toward and the difconfolate lady can- 
not be the fame perfon $ for that would imply a very 
gnat aontradiftioa, and might involve us in more abfaufe 
and difficult doubts, than we have conveoiency now to 
Afaut or examine. Believe me, friend, our devotion 
cannot he tooearaeft, that we may be deliver'* from the 
power of thefe turfed iachantmeatt. Adad, Sir, quoth 
kocio, you may think I'm in jeft | hut I heard Jaim 
opea juft now, and I thought the very voice of madam 
Trihidi founded in my ears x but mum's the word : I lay 
nothing, though I wall watch his, waters tofiod out vhe- 
tber lam right or.wtong in my fofpicion. Well, do fo. 
faid Don Quixote 5 mid fail not to acquaint me with all 
tbedftaverics than can$ make ia this affair, and other 
owunences in thy government* 

At left Senoho ftl out, with % numerous turn. . He 
wisdiutt'dlikeamamof thelong robe, and wore over 
his other clothes a white fad-colour'd coat or nowtf of 
water*d camhlet, and a cap of the lame iruff. He was 
aoonted on a he-mule, and rid mart after the ejsonet 
aikioa. Behind him, hy the dnkVa order, was led his 
Dapple, bridk* and fiddled like a herfc of tote, in gaudy 
typings of filfc j which fo delighted Sancho* that every 
sow and then he tusn'd his head about to look -upon him, 
and thought hhnfknTfc happy, that now he would not 
km chang'd fortune* with the emperor of Germany 
He fcuYd the. duke an* ducamTs hand at parting, w 


7 O *fhe life and atchievtntents 

receivM his mailer's benediction, while the Don wept, 
and Sancho blubber'd abundantly. | 

Now, reader, let the noble governor depart in peace, 1 
and fpeed him well. His admiiuftratioa in his govern- • 
ment may perhaps make you laugh to Come purpofe, 
when it comes is play. But in the mean time let us 
ebferve the fortune of his mafter the fame night ; for 
though it don't make you laugh outright! it may chance 
to make ye draw in your lips 1 , and fliew your teeth like 
a monkey ; for 'tis the property of his adventures, to 
create always either furprize or merriment. 

*Tis reported then, that immediately upon Sancho's 
departure, Don Quixote found the want x>f his pretence j 
and had it been inW power, he wou'd have revok'd his 
authority, and depriv'd him of his commiflion. The 
duchefs perceiving his difouiet, and defiling tounder- 
ftand the caufe of his melancholy, told him, that if it 
was Sancho's abfence made him uneafy, fhe had fquires 
enough arid damfels in her houfe, that fhould jupply his 
place in any fervice he wou'd be pleas' d to command 
'«m. *Tis true, Madam, anfwerM Don Quixote, I am 
somewhat concern' d for the abfestge of Sancho ; but there 
is a more material caufe of my prefent uneafineis ; and I 
tnuft beg to be excus'd, if among the many obligations 
your grace is pleas'd to confer on mc, I decline all bat 
the good intention that has offer' d 'em. All I have fur- 
ther to crave, is your grace's penniffion to be alone in 
my apartment, and to be my owitfervant. • Your par- 
don, Sir, reply* d the- duchefs-} I can't confent you 
ihou'd be alone t 1 have four damfels, blooming as fo 
many mftt, that mall attend you. .They will be no 
lofcsto me, return' d Don Quixote, bat fo many prickles 
to my conscience ; and if tney come into my chamber, 
they muftfly in at the window. If your grace .wou'd 
crown the many favours you have heap'd On this worth- 
lefe person, I befeech you to leave him to himfelf, and 
the fervice of his own hands. . No denies* Madam, 
anvil enter my doors ; fpr the walls of my chamber 
have always been a bulwark to my chaftity, and I (hall 
not infringe my rale, for all the bounty you cau Uvifh 


of the renown* & Dm Quixot e. 7 1 

>on me. In fine, rather than think of being ufldreft'd 
by any mortal, I would lie rough the whole night. 
Enough, enough, noble Sir, faid the duchefs ; I defift, 
and will give orders that not fo much at the buzzing of 
a fly, much left the impertinence of a damfel, (hall di- 
fturb your privacy. I am far from impofing any thing, 
Sir, that mould urge Don Quixote to a tranlgrefiion in 
point of decency j for if I conjecture righl, among the 
many virtues that adorn him, his modefty is the moft 
diftinguiihahlr. Dreis therefore and undrefs by your fell", 
bow you pleafe, when you will, and nobody Jhall moleic 
you : nay, that you may not be obliged to open your 
doors upon the account of any natural necefiitY, caw 
fiull be taken that you may find in your room whatever 
you may have occanon for in the night. And may the 
great Dulcinea del Tobofo live a thoufand ages, and her 
feme be dirTus'd all oyer the habitable globe, iunce flie 
has merited the love of fo valorous, fo chafte, and loyal 
a knight j and may the indulgent heavens incline the 
heart of our governor Sancho panca, to put afpeedy end 
to his difdpline, that the beauties of £9 great a lady may 
be reftor'd to the view of the admiring world ! Madam, 
reurnM Don Quixote, your grace has fpoken like your 
felf ; in excellent a lady could utter nothing but what 
denotes the goodneft and generofity of her mind : and 
certainly -twill be Dulcinea' s peculiar happinefs to have 
beta prais'd by you $ for 'twill raife her character more 
to have had your grace lor her panegyrUt, than if the 
kft orators in the world had labour'd to fet it forth. Sir, 
faid the ducheis, waving this difcourie, 'tis fuppes- 
time, and my lord expects us : come then, let's to (up- 
per* that you may go to bed betimes ; for you muft needs 
he weary ftill with the long journey yon took to Candaya 
yeAerday. Indeed, Madam, anfwer'd Don Quixote, I 
feel no manner of wearinefs, for I can fafelyiwear to 
yoor grace, that I never rid an eafier beaft, nor a better 
goer than Clavileno. For my part, I can't imagine 
what could induce Malambruno to part with fo fwift and 
gentle a horfe, nay, and. to burn him too in.fuch a man- 
ner, 'Tis to beJuppsVdy faid the diwlwA, that bw 

y ft The life and atchiivmsnts 

forty tot the harm he had done, riot only to the 
Trafaldi and her attendants* bat to many others, an 
repenting of the bad deeds which, a* a wiezard audi 
necromancer^ he doubtleft had committed, he had i 
mind to deftroy all the inftruinents of hie wicked prtf- 
feflion, and accordingly he bum'dClavtftno sis the chief 
of 'em, that engine haying ftrvM him to rove atll over 
the world : or perhaps he did not think any man worthy 
of beftriding him after the great Don Quixote, and fc 
with his deirruclion, and the infcription which he hai 
caus'd to be fet up, he has eternis'd your valour. 

Don Quixote return' d his thanks to the duchefs, and 
•Iter fupper retir'd to his chamber, not raflfering any 
body to attend him ; fo much he fearM to meet feme 
temptation that might endanger die fidelity which hs 
had confecrated to his Dufemesv keeping always the eyes 
of his mind nVd on the eonftancy 'of Amadts, tbs 
flower and mirror of knight-errantry. He therefore 
flmt the door of his chamber after him, and undrefiM 
himfelf by the light of two wax-candles. Bat oh ? the 
misfortune that befel him, unworthy fuch a perfon. As 
he was foaming to pull off his hole, there fell not fighs, 
or any thing that might differace his decent cleanlinefs, 
but about four and twenty ftk&ef of one of his flock- 
ingsj which made it look like a lattice-window. The 
good knight was extremely dfflidedj and would have 
given then an ounce of filver for « dram of green £lk j 
green filk, I fay,, becftufe his ftoekings were green. 

Here Benengeli could not forbear exclaiming t O po- 
verty t poverty ! What could induce that great Cordova 
•poet to call thee a holy thanklefs gift ! even I that am a 
moor* hove learn'd by the converfe I have had with 
chriftians, that holineft eonfifts in charity, in humility, 
in faith, in obedience, and in poverty i but fare be 
who can be contented when poor, had need to be ftrengtfc- 
en'd by God's peculiar grace ; unlef* the poverty which 
is included among thefe virtues/ be only that podrnefs 
in fyitlt, which teaches us to life the things of this 
world, as if we had 'em not. qui thou, Jecond po- 
— riy, fatai indigence, of which \ now am fpeaking, 


of the renown 9 d Don Qv ixot k. fj 

doft thou intrude upon gentlemen, and affoft welli 
\><Jrt fools more than other people ? why doft thou re- 
Ace them • to cobble their (hoes, and wear feme filJc, 
Joine hair, and feme gfcos buttons on the fame tatter'd 
•wliircoat, as if it were only to betray variety of wretched- 
ads ? why miaft their rnflli be of fuch a difinal hue, in 
tags, dirty, rampl'd, and ill ftarch'd ? (and by this you 
may fee how ancient is the ufe of ftarch and raffs) How 
tniferable is a poor gentleman, who to keep np his 
honour, ftarves his perfon, fares ferrily, or rafts unfeeri 
within his folitary narrow apartment ; then putting the 
faeft face he can upon the matter, comes out picking his 
teeth, thought* tis but an honourable hypocrify, and tho* 
he has eaten nothing that requires that nice exercife ! un- 
happy he, whofe honour is in continual alarms, who 
thinks that at a mile's diftance every one difcoven th» 
patch in his flwe, the fweat of his forehead foak'd thro* 
his old rufty hat, the barenefs of his clothes/ and the 
very hunger of his famifh'd (fomach. 

All theft: melancholy reflections are reflewM on Don 
Quixote's mind, by the rent in his ftockmgC' ' However, 
for his confoiatfon, he bethought himfelf that Sancho 
had left him a pair of light boots, which hie. defignM 
tp put on the next day. 

In fliort, to bed he went, with a penfive heavy mind, 
the thoughts of Sancho* s abfence, and' the irreparable 
damage that his (tacking had receiv'd, made him uneafy s 
he would have dam'd it, though it had been with filk of 
another colour, one of the gre a teft tokens of want a 
poor gentleman can mew, during the courfe of his 
tedious mifery. 

At laft he put out the lights, but 'twas fultry hot, 
and he could not compote himfelf to reft. Getting up- 
therefore, he open'd a little mutter of a barr*d window 
that lookM into a fine garden, and was>prefently fenuble 
that feme people were walking and talking there : he 
liften'd, and as they rais'd their voices, he eafily over- 
heard their dtfcowfe* " ** 

tto more, tfear Emerema, faM one t& *he btber s T 
not p*efi at* toifingj ^ know thaVlritm the f 

Vol, IV, H »«■ 

74 . • . Tfc life and cttthm)ementt % > 

moment this fflxange/ came to the caftle, and my qnhapfy 
eyes gaz'd .on^-him, I have been too conversant with 
tears Ind forrow,to iing or relifli faflg$. Alas I all xnufick 
jars when the fpul's out of tune. Betides, you know 
the leaft thing wakens my lady, and I would not for 
the worlfd jhe would find us here. . But grant we might 
not wake, what will my finging fignify, if this new 
/Eneas, who is come to our habitation to make me 
wretched, ihould be afleep,. and not hear tfie found of 
pf my complaints ? Pray, my dear Al^ififlora^ (aid the 
Other, do not make your felf uneafy with thoit thoughts j 
for without doubt the duchefs is faft auecp* and every 
body in the houie but we, and the Jord or thy defires j 
he is certainly awake, I heard him open his window juft 
npwj tjien fing, my poor grieving creature, hngand 
join the melting mufick of thy lute, to the foft accents 
of thy voice. If my lady happens to hear us, we'll 
pretend, we came out for a little air. The heat within 
doors will be our excufe. Alas ! my dear, reply M AU 
tifidota, 'tis not that frights, me moft : I would not 
nave my long betray my thoughts ; for thofe that do 
slot know the mighty force of love, will be apt to take 
me for a light and indifcteet creaturonBut yet fince it 
muflt be (b, I'll venture : better flume on the face, than 
forrow in the heart 1 This faid, ihe began to touch her 
lute fo fweetly, that Don Quixote was raviuYd, At 
the fame time an infinite number of adventures of 
this nature, fuch as he had read of in his idle books of 
knight-errantry, windows, grates, gardenia icrenadet, 
amorous meetings, parleys, and fopperies, all crowded 
Into his imagination, and he presently fancied, that one of 
the duchess's damsels was fallen in loye with him, and 
ftroggPd with her modeity to conceal her paffion. Hi- 
began to be apprehennve of the danger to which hit t% 
ddity watexpcVd, hot yet firmly determined to with- 
fbnd the powesiul allurement; and (b mrwiiwiiitinf 
himself with a great deal of fervency to his ladyDul- 
cinea del Tobnfo, he refolv'd to hear the mamck ; and* 
to let the fn mailing ladies know he wan awake, he 
* -"-'d g kirttfajfecp, *tichctidf*ftltafcfl^. 

bffhi renown" dt)on Q^rxo^r e. ^ J 

'em j for 'twas the only thing they wanted, to be af- 
fured their jeft wa» hot loft. With that, Alttfidora 
having tun'd her lute afreih, after a ftborlfl^ began the 
following long. % 

The mock ferenade. 

WAKE, Sir Htnigbt, now lovfs invading^ 
Sleep in . Holland Jheets no more j 
When a nymph is ferenading, 
'Tis an errant Jbame to fnore, 

Sear a damfeh tall and tender} 

Honing in moft rueful guifei 
With heart almcfi hurnd to cinder^ 

By the fun-beams of thy tyeii ' 


% free damfeh from dt [after, 

Is, they jay, your daily -tare t ...... 

Can you then deny a plaifter? 

To a Wounded virgin here? 

*TeIl me, doughty jvufb, who eurCd tbei ' 

With fucb humours and ill Jack? 
Waft feme jullen hear dry-nursed that} 

Or Jbe-dragom ga4/e thee fuck t 

t)uleinea, that virago) 

Well may br&g of fucb a kid t 
Nnv her name is uf>> and may go 

From Toledo to Madrid* 
Would Jhe hut her prize furrender, 

(Jbtdge how on thy face I doat i) 
h exchange Td gladly fend be*- 

My heft gown and petticoat i 

• * 

tt % toffy 

76 \ The hfe and atebitpemcnts 

fluffy A V**U fat*** doom thee 
But t<L have me near thy bed, . 

Stroak thee, pat tbto, curry-comb tbet^ 
And bunt o*er thy folia bead*, 

But J eft. too much fincerelj, 
And I'4oubt I titer muff dVt p 

Td but lift thy toe, and fairly 
(pet the' length thus of thy foot. 

How Td rig thee, and what riches 

Should be beap*d upon thy bones; 
Caps and focks, and cloaks and breecbet^ 

Matchlcfi pearls, and precious ftones* 

po not from above, like ITcrp, 

See me burn, and flight my woe I 
But to quench my fires, my hero, 

Cafi a pitying eye bejow, 

fm a virgin-pullet truly j 

One more tender ne'er was feen, 

A meer chicken* fie4g % d but • newly % 
Hang me if Vm yet fifteen* 

Wind and limb, alVs tight about m 9 

My hair dangles to my feet, 
J am ftraigbt too, if you doubt me, 

Trufi your eyes come down and feet ^ 

Tve a bob noft has no fellow, 
And a fparrcnus mouth as rare, 

Teeth like topaxes all yellow } 
Yet Vm dtemd a beauty here* 

You know what a rare mufician, 
(Jf you hearken) court* your choice: 

J can fay my dijpofition # 

Tt as taking at my voice* / 


pfibi rcwwrid Dan Qu ixtoe . '77 

Tfcft and fuch liki charms Tve plenty. 

Vm a damfel ef this place : 
Let Altifidpra tempt jc\ 
\.Of JSt y s i%a yvofu/cafi. . .. ... 

Here the courting damfel ended her fong, and the 

courted knight began hit expostulation. Why (faid he, 

with a figh heav'd from the bottom of his heart) why 

mufti be fo unhappy a knight, that no damfel can 

gaze on me without railing in love ? why muft the 

peerlefs Dulcinea del Tobofo he fo unfortunate, as not 

to be permitted the Angle enjoyment of my tranfcen- 

dent fidelity ? Queens, why do you envy her ? Emprefies, 

why do yon perfecute her ? Damfels of fifteen, why dd 

you attempt- to deprive her of her right? leave ! oh, 

leave the unfortunate fair ! let her triumph, glory, and 

rejoice in the quiet pofleifion of the hearts which love 

has allotted her, and the abfolute fway which flie bears 

ever 'my yielding foul. Away, unwelcome crowd of 

loving impertinent8 $ Dulctaea alone can foften my manly 

temper, and mould me as me pkafes. Fpr her lam aU 

fweetnefs, for you Fm bitterneft itfelf. . ttere is ta 

tee no beauty, no prudence, no modefly, riqgaity, nq 

hobility among your fex, but in Dulcinea alone. All 

ether women feem" to be deformM, filly, jvahton, and 

bife-born, when compared with .her. Nature brought 

fce forth only that I might be devoted to* her' fervice. 

let Akifidora weep or ring : let the lady defpair on 

whole account I have received fo many blows' in tie dif- 

aftroua cattle of the inchanted Moor * ; (till I am Dul- 

«nea*s, and her's alone, dead or alive, dutiful, unfpotted, 

<md unchanged, in fpight of all the nceromantick 

powers in the. world. This faidV he haftily elapp'd to 

the window., and flung himfelf into his bed,^ with as high 

an indignation) as if he had voceiv'd feme gffcat affroot. 

There let u* leave him a while, Jn regard* rhe great 

~ , , , ■ , • * H m ■ "" '* 

i • MvMngto the -fiery <f MatHorms akdUii ******* 

h the firm* /«* «/ tb, *£*?< - gand 

y$ . The life and atchievements 

Sancho Paaea calls upon us to fee him commence His fa- 
mous government. # * 

. C HAP. XJ-V. 

flow tbt great Sanebo Pan fa took pojfejfion of bis tfiand, 
and in tubal manner be btgan to govern, 

OThou perpetual furyeyor of the Antipodes, bright 
luminary of the world, and eye of heaven, Tweet 
fermenter of liquids •, Jiere Timorius calTd, there Phav 
feus, in one place an archer, in another a phyfician ! pa- 
Tent of pofey, and inventer of muiick, perpetual mover 
of the univerfe, who, thou {eem'ft fornetimes to fet, 
art always rifing ? O fun, by whofe a&ftance man be- 
gets man, on thee I call for help I tnfpire me, I befeech 
thee, warm and illumine my gloomy imagination, that 
my narration may keep pace with the great Sancho 
Panca's a£Hons throughout his government j for without 
thy powerful ifcfluenc^, I feel my fclf benumb'd, difpi- 
rjted, and confus'd— Now I proceed. 
** Sancho, with all his attendants, 'came to a town that 
bad about a thou&nd inhabitants, and was one of the 
left where the duke had any power s they gave him to 
tbnderftand, that the name of the place was the ifland of 
Barataria, either becanfe the town was called Baratarjo, 
or becanfe the government coft him fof cheap. As 
loon as he came to t£e gat$s (for it was walTd) the chief 

. * Sweet motive of wine-cooling bottles, ft Jawtnt 
tat it, tvitb tbt, fallowing nott, 'visa, cantirnploca »'* * 
fort of bottUfor hoping wine coil, with a <wyj»mf mck, 
**d wry broad and fat 6efaw, tbat tb* icatinay lit turn* 
miently tfem it- in the paiL and a broad cork ftttd to tbt 
$t*U> w&4Mt.<Mtl*middlt flat tbanick of tb* bottle 
**"***. t jBarato, f&ifn ( fop, 

• 1 ' ' n officcri 

* ' 

of the renowned Don Quixote 79 

)95cers and inhabitants in their formalities came out t§ 

eceive him, the hells rung, and all the people gave ge- 

lexal demonstrations of their joy. The new governor 

vas then carried in mighty pomp to the great church, to 

pve heaven thanks ; and after fome ridiculous ceremo- 

lies, they deliver* d him the keys of the gates, and re- 

xiv'd him as a perpetual governor of the ifland of Ba- 

ataria. In the mean time, the garb, the port, the 

tuge beard, and the fhort and thick ihape of the new 

overnor, made every one who knew nothing of the 

:ft wonder, and even thofe who were privy to the plot, 

rho were many, were not a little furpriz'd. 

In fliort, from the church they carry'd him to the 

:ourt of juftice ; where, when they had plac'd him 

n his feat, My lord Governor, faid the duke's ftew- 

trd to him, 'tis an ancient cuftom here, that he who 

akes poffemon of this famous ifland, mull anfwer to 

bme difficult and intricate queftion that is propounded 

him ; and Jby the return he makes, the people feel 

be pulfe of "his understanding, and by an eftimate of hit 

Silities, judge whether they ought to rejoice, or to be 

rry for his coming. ' 

AD the while the {reward was fpeaking, Sancho was 

tring on an infeription in large characters on the wall 

rer againit his feat, and as he could not read, he alk'd, 

*ha( was the meaning of that which he law painted there 

pon. the wall ? Sir, faid they, 'tis an account of the 

ay when your lordfhip took pofTefiion of this ifland : 

nd the infeription runs thus : This day, being fucb a 

'ay of' this month, in fucb a year, the Lord Don Sancho 

'mjki took foffeffton of this ifland, -which may be long 

*joy. And who is he, aik'd Sancho, whom they cafi 

ton Sancho Panca ? Your lordfhip, anfwer'd the ftew- 

• d ; for* we know of no other Pane, a in this ifland but 

our&if, who now fits in this chair. Well, friend, 

lid Sancho, pray take notice^ that Don does not belong; 

me, nor was it borne by any of my family before me. 

•*Iain Sancho Panca is my name : iny father was called 

Saacho, my grand-father Sancho ; and all of us feav 

beat Plsna't, -without aoy TtoA or Donna added to c 
w - " r ' < nan 

$Q „ 7%/ £/> */w? atehiivenunts 

name. Now do I already guefs your Dons are as thick 
as ftories in this ifland. But 'tis enough that heaven 
knows my meaning ; if my government happens but to 
laft four days to an end, it fhall go hard but Pll dear 
file ifland of thofe fwarms of Dons (hat mure needs' he as 
troublefome as fo many flefli -flies f. Come, now for 
your queftion, good' Mr Steward, and Til anfwer it as 
well as I can, whether the town be forty or p leafed. 

At the fame infant two men came into the court, 
the one drefs'd like a country-fellow, the other look'd 
like a taylor, with a pair (beers in his hand. An'fi 
ftleafe you, my lord, cry'd the taylor, I and this fanner 
here come before your worfhip. This honeft man 
tame to my /hop yefarday j for, laving your presence, I 
am a taylor, and heaven be prais'd free of my company s 
fo my lord, he fliew'd me a piece of cloth : Sir, ,qu«th 
lie, is there enough of this to make me a cap •? 
Whereupon I meafur'd the ftufF, and anfwer' d him, yes, 
in't like your worfhip. Now as I imagined, d'ye fee, 
ne could not but imagine (and perhaps be imagined right 
enough) that I had a mind to cabbage fome of his doth j 
fudging hard of us honeft taylors. Prithee, qnvth he, 
look whether there ben't enough lor two caps ? Now I 
ixnelt him out, and told him there was. Whereupon 
the old knave (an't like your worfhip) going on to the 
lame tune, bid me look again and fee whether it would 
not make three ? And at laft if it wou'd not make five i 
1 was rtfolv'd to humour my customer, and faid it might. 
So we ftruck a bargin 5 juft now the man is come for 
his caps, which I gave him, but when I aflc him for 
my money, he'll have me give him his cloth again, or 
pay him for't. Is this true, honeft man, faid Saficho 

*f* A fcvere fatire on the Spanijb pride and affe&aUo* 
tf gentility* Don is a title property belonging, to onJyfa- 
tnihet of note, hut of late *tis grown very common, xebicb 
i$ the abufe tvhicb Sancbo tvould here retire/*. 

# Caperuza in the original, vukicb meant a country* 
4nan*x cap : though Stevens tranjlates it in this Place, s 
cloak; but he's miflaken, as the reader will foon Jm* 



>- * 

v. .: 


V- / 

'• * .*. .v'''* , i' ' - - ** 

*»** •»• 

,s A- 

\ \ »\ t i . • 

of the ftnwottdDon Quixote. 8i 

:o the farmer ? Yes, an't pieafe you, anfwerM che fel- 
low j but pray let nixn fhew the five caps he has made 
me. With all my heart, cry'd the taylor ; and with 
that, pulling his hand from under his cloak, he held up 
five little tiny caps, hanging upon his four fingers and 
thumb, as upon to many pins.' There, aooth he, you 
fee the five caps this~£Ood gaffer ajflcs for $ and may t 
never whip a fiich more, if I have wrongM him of the 
leaft fnip of his cloth, and let any work-man be judge, 
The fight of the caps, and the oddnefi of the caufe fet 
the whole court a laughing. Only Sancho fat gravely 
considering a while, and then, methinks, faifl he, this 
fait here needs not be long depending, but may be de- 
cided without any more ado, with a great deal of equity ; 
and therefore the judgment of the court is, That the 
taylor fhall lofe his making, and the country man hit 
cloth, and that the caps be given to the poor prisoners, 
and fo let there be an end of the bufinefs. 

If this fentence proVok'd the laughter of the whole 
court, the next no left rais'd their admiration. For af- 
ter the governor's order was executed, two old men ap- 
peared before him, one of "em with a large cane in hit 
land, which he us'd as a ftaflf. My lord, laid the other, 
who had none/ fome time ago I lent this man ten gold 
crowns to do him a kindnefs ; which money he was to 
repay me on-demand. I did not afk him for it again in 
* good while, left it Should prove, a greater inconveni- 
ency to him to repay me than he labour'd under when 
He borrow* d it : however, perceiving that he took no 
care to pay me, I have aik'4 him for my due ; nay, I 
have been fore'd to dun him hard for it. But ftill he 
did not only refufe to pay me again, but deny'd he ow'd 
me any thing, and faid, that if I lent him fo much 
money, he certainly return* d it. Now, becaufe I have 
no wrtnefles of the loan, nor he of the pretended pay- 
ment- I befeech your lordflup to put him to his oath 5 
and if he will fwear he has paid me, I'll freely forgive 
him before God and the world. What fay you to this, 
old gentleman with the ftaff, alk'd Sancho > Sir, an- 
foer'd the old man, I own he lent me the gold} and 
• £nc< 

8l Tie life and atchievements 

fince he requires my oath, I beg you'll be pleas'd to hoU 
down your rod of juftice *, that I may (wear upon't, 
how I have honefMy and truly return' d him his money. 
Thereupon the governor held down his rod, and. in the 
mean time the defendant gave his cane to the plaintiff to 
hold, as if it, hinder'd him, while he was to make a 
crofs, and fwear over the judge's rod : this done, he de- 
clared, 'That 'twas true the other had lent him the ten 
crowns : but that he had really return' d him the fame 
turn into his own hands 5 and that becaufe he fuppofed 
the Dlaintiffhad forgot it, he was continually aiking him 
for it. The great governor hearing this, aik'd the 
creditor what he had to reply ? he made anfwer, 
That fince his a'dverfary had fworn it, he was fatif- 
f y'd ; for he believ'd him to he, a better chriman than 
to offer to forfwear himfelf, and. that perhaps he had 
forgot he had been repaid. Then the defendant took his 
cane again, and having made a low obeifance to the 
judge, was , immediately leaving the court. 'Which 
when Sancho perceiv'd, reflecting on the paiTage of the 
cane, and admiring the creditor's patience, after he 
had ftudy'd a while with his head leaning over his 
ftomach, and his fore-finger on his nofe, on a fudden 
he order' d the old man with the ftaff to be called back. 
When he wis return' d^ Honeft man, faid Sancho, kc 
ine fee that cane a little 1 ; I have a ufe for't. With all 
my heart, anfwer'd {he other ; Sir, here it is j and 
with that he gave it him. Sancho took, it ; and giving it 
the other old manj There, faid he, go your ways, aid 
heaven be with yoii $ for now you're paid. How io, my 
£ord, cry'd the old man ? Do you judge this cane to be 
wortfi ten gold crowns ? Certainly, faid the governor, 
or elfe I am the greateft dunce in the world. And now 
you ihall fee whether I have not a head-piece fit 
<• govern a whole kingdom upon a Jhift, This laid, 

he order'd the cane to be broken in open court. 

- ■ - 

* The way •/ Ftotaring in Spain in fime cafes, is tt 
bold down the rod of jujUct, and making a enjs m it, 
fwear by that. 


of the renown'd Don QtxixoT e. 83 

rliich was 110 fooner done, bht out dropp'd the tea 
.rowns.- All die fpectators were amaz*d, and began to' 
00k on their governor as a fecond Solomon. They afk'd 
dim how he could conjecture that the ten crowns were 
n the cane ? He told them, that having obferv'd how 
the defendant gave it to the plaintiff to hold while be' 
took hit oath, and then fworehe had truly returned him 
the money in his own hands, after which he took his* 
cane again from the plaintiff; this cdnfider'd', it -came' 
into his head, that the money was lodg'd within the 
teed. From whence may be learn* d, that though fome- 
times thofe that .govern are deftitute of fenfe, yet it often 
pleafes -God to direct 'era in their judgment. Befides/ 
he had Jieard the curate of his parUn tell -of fuch* aho- 
ther bufinefs $ and - he nad fo fpecial a memory, that 
were it not that he was fo unlucky as to forget all he 
had a mind to "remember, there could not have been a 
better in the whole ifland. At laft the two old men 
went away, the pne to hjs fatisfaction, the other with 
eternal 4ham4 and drfgrace 5 . and the beholders were a- 
ftoniuYd, infomuch that the perfon, who was cemmif- 
fion'd to regifter Sanchp's words and actions, and ob- 
ferve "hi* behaviour, was not able to determine, whe~ : 
ther he fhould not give him the character of a wife man, - 
inftead of that of a fool, which he had been thought to 
deferve, ' " : ' 

No fooner was this triad over, but m came a woman, 
haling along a man that look'd like a good fubftantial gra- 
fier. JttfUce, my lord governor, jiHHce \ cry'd we a- 
lood 5 and If I cannot have it on earth, Fll have it from 
heaven ! fweet lord governor, this wicked fellow met' • 
me in the middle of a field, and has- had- the Jul! ufe of » 
Ar^Qds/4 Jjchaa haodlcdjooe JiJte a difhclout. Woe'^ 
me, he Jias robbed me of that which I had kept thele 
three and twenty years. Wretch that I am, I had guard, 
edit (afc from natives and foreigners, Chrifthns and inn- ' 
dels! I have been always as tough as cork j 'no.falaman- - 
to ever Is/eft itfeif more entire in fire, nor no woola- 
ttong the briers, than did poor I, tUl this lewd man, 
with nifty fills, bandied at at this sate. Woman, 

' , WCttftAj 

84 The l*f* &nd atchieyemtnts 

woman, quoth Sancho, no reflexions yet j Whether yov 
gallant's hands were nafty or clean, that's\ot to the 
purpose. Then turning to the grafier, Well, friend, 
(aid he, what have you to fay to this woman's complaint ? 
My lord, (anfwer'd the man, looking as if he had been 
frighted out of his wits) 1 am a poor drover, and deal in 
fwine ; fo this morning I was going out of this town, af- 
ter I had fold * (under correction be it fpoken) four hogs, 
and what with the duties and the /harping tricks of the 
officers, I hardly clear* d any thing by the beads. Now 
as I was trudging home, whom mould I pick up by the 
way, but this hedge-madam here ; and the devil, who 
has a finger in every pye, being powerful, forcM us to 
yoke together. . 1 gave her that which would have con- 
tented any reafonable woman; but me was not iatisfied, 
and wanted more money ; and would never leave roe, 
'till Ae had dragg'd me hither. She'll tell ye I ravuVd 
her j but by the oath I have taken, or mean to take, toe 
lies like a drab as we is, and this is every tittle true. 
Fellow, quoth Sancho, haft thou any filver about thee? 
Yes, an't like your worihip, anfwer'd the drover, I have 
fome twenty ducats in Giver in a leathern purfe here in 
my bofom. Give it the plaintiff, money and all, quoth 
Sancho. The man, with a trembling hand, did as he 
was commanded : the woman took it, and dropp'd 
a thoufand courtefies to the company, wifliing on her 
knees as -many bleffings to the good governor, who took 
fuch fpecial care of poor fatherlefs and motherlefs chil- 
dren, and abus'd virgins ; and then fhe nimbly tripo'd 
out of court, holding the purfe faft in bodi her hands } 
though, firft ihe took case to peep into it, to fee whether 
the filver were there. Scarce was ihe gone, when San- 

• In the original, Efta manana falia defte lugar de 
vender, &c. which the new tranjlation turns thus j This 
morning I was going out of this town to fell, &c. got af- 
ter I had fold, &c . The critich mufl judge which it 
right. I don't mention tbix to defreciate that performance, 
which Imuftown I admrtfirjfi ^umuno Up than 
>ej>rirtf for their Seauty." 


wf the renowffi Dwi QtriWer* . 85 

dko tanus^ *» the .fejfow, who flood with the tears .19 
fcj eyes, «nd kok'd as i£ ie had parted with h» Wood M 
well as his money; fond, laid he, run and overtake the 
woman, and take the purse from her, whether toe will 
«r no, andiring it hither. The. drover was neither Co 
deaf nor. ib. mad at to he twice bid; away he flew lika 
Eghtnirjg after his money. The whole court was in 
aiighty expectation, and could not tell what coujd be the) 
ead of the matter. .'But a while after, .the man, and tho 
woman came bade, he pulling, and (he tugging j Qic with 
htr petticoat tuck'd up, and the purfe in. her boiom> and 
fee ufimyali -the strength he had to get tt ft osn her. But it 
was to no. purpofe 5 for the woman defended her prise fa 
well, that all hif manhood little avail' <L Justice* cry M 4he* 
for heaven's fake, juirice, gentlemen 1 Look you, my 
lord, fee this impudent ruffian, that on the king's high- 
way, .nay, in the face of the court, would rob me of mv 
furfej tpe.yetjr pgri^ you cpndemn r d him* to* gfVe Wj 
And has he got it from you ? afiVd the governor. Got 
it! quoth the woman, Fll lofe my life before 1*11 lofe 
my purfe. ' I were, a pretty baby then^to let him wipe 
my nofe thus ? No,' you rmrtt ret otter dogs upon me 
than this forry fneaking mangy whelp ; pincers, ham- 
mers, jtaallets, and chhTels shan't wrench it out of my 
clutches; rto, not thexlaws of a lion, j they Jhall fodher 
have my foul than my money. She fays the truth, my 
lord, Said the fellow/, for I am quite foeht : the jade w 
too ftrocif fbr me 5 I cannot grapple with her. Sane ho 
then calPd to the female. Here, quoth he, honefty ! 
You me -dragon, let me fee the purfe; The woman 
delivered it to him | and then he returned it to the man ; 
bark you, miftreft, iaid he to her, had you fhtw'A 
yourfehf as llout and valiant to defend your body, (nay,' 
but half fo much) a* you've done to defend your purfe,: 
the frwugth of Hercules could not have fore'd you.; 
Henoa, impudence, get out of my fight. Away, with 
a par t& you ; and do not offer toftay in this iiland, nor 
within fii leagues of it, on pain of two hundred la(hes.< 
Oat, as faft as you can, ja» trioking, braaen-fae'd 
brimftone,: hedge-drat* away. The .wench was in < 
V o t. IV, I wmbl 

$6 Vbi ttfe and atcFtevemettts 

terrible fright, and iheak'd away, hanging eVoem hat 
head a* {hamefcUy as if Ac had been catch'd in the 
deed of darkncfr. Now friend, find the governor to the 
Joan, get yon • home with your money, and heaven be 
with yon: but another time, if you han't a mind to 
come off worfe, bt fure you don't yoke with fuch cattle. 
The drover thank'd him as well as he could,, and away 
he went % and all the people admir'd afrem their new 
governor i judgment and fentences. An account of 
which was taken by him that was appointed to be hit 
hiftoriograher, and forthwith tranimitted to the duke, 
who expected it with impatience. Now let us leave 
honeft Sancho here $ for h» mailer, with great earneft* 
aefs, requires our attendance, Ahifidora's ierenade hi?- 
tng ftrangely difcompos'd his mind. . 

♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦♦♦♦♦ £444p* 

e fit a p. XLVU 

(tf the dreadful alarms given H Don Qwxott by the Uk 
and cats, during the courft of Akifiierat 

WE left the great Don Quixote profoundly boned 
in the thoughts into wnich the enamour M Al- 
tifidora*s ferenade had plung'd him. He threw hhnfctf 
into his bed $ but the cares and anxieties which he brought 
thither with him, like fo many flea*, allow'd him i» 
tepofe, and the misfortune of his torn ftoeJting, added 
to his affliction. But as time is fwift, and no bolts 
nor chains can bar his rapid progrefs, polling away on 
the wings of the hours, the morning came on apace* At 
the return of light, Don Quixote, more «arly than the 
iun, forfook his downy bed, put on his mamoy apparel, 
and drawing on his walking boots, concealM in one of 
'em the difitfter of his hofe t he threw his fcarlet doke 
over his moujder, and clapp'd on his valiant head to 


if the remwrid Dm Quixote. 87 

eap at geecn velvet ede/i with fijver lace. Qyer his, 
right (boulder he hong his belt *, the fu&ainer of hif 
tmfty executing {word. About his wriA he wore the 
sofary, which he always carry'd about him. And thus 
accoutred, with a great deal of ftate and majefty, he 
moved towards the anti-chamber, where the duke and 
dachefs were ready drefs'd, and, in a manner, expecting 
his coming. As he went through a gallery he met Al- 
tifidora and her companion, who waited for him in the 
pafiage j and no fooner did Altifidora efpy him, but me 
dtflembled a fwooning fit, and immediately dropp'd in- 
to the arms of her friend, who prefently began to unlace 
her flays. Which Don Quixote perceiving, he ap- 
proach'!), and turning to thedamfel, I know the mean? 
big of all this, (aid he, and whence thefe accidents pro- 
ceed. Yoa know more than I do, anfwer'd the afliftiog 
damsel c but this I am fare of, that hitherto there* $ not 
adamfei in this houfe, that has enjoy'd her health better 
than Altjstdeta $ Lnever knew her make the leaft com- 
ahriat before. A vengeance feice all the knights-errant 
» the world, if they are all fo ungrateful. Pray, my 
ami Doa Quixote,, ratise, lor tjiis poor young erea'tuxc 
will not come to herfelf as long as you are by. Madam* 
anrwer'd the knight, I beg that a lute may be left in my 
chamber this evening, that I may afiwage this lady's 
grief as well as I can \ for in the beginning of an amour, 
a fpeedy and free difcovery of our averfion or pre-en- 
Pgement, is the moft effectual cure. This ftid, fie 
Ht *em, that he might not be found alone with then* 
ay thofe that might happen to go by. He was fcavce 
gone, but Aifcifidora's counterfeited fit was over, and 
turning to her companion, By all means, faid flie, let 
aim have a lute ; for without douot the knight £aa a 
■and to give us fome mufiek, and we fhatt have fport 

* Here bis bek, OfC»ra\i%g to the true fignifiait ion of 
Tahali, is one bung on bisjboulders : at Diego de Miran- 
das it feemd to be a belt girded about his loins, and woe 
mtfe ofajkin proper for the tveaknefs be was fupj>os*d to 

Kvt mtbem. 

J % enouj 

$8 Hi life and attUevementi 

enough. Then they went and acquainted the dftdi 
with their proceeding, and DonQutote'tdefirmg a but 
Whereupon, being overjoy'd at t&e occafion, me pk 
ted with the duke and her women a hew contrivance 
have a little harmless fport with the Don. -After tfai 
rheyexpe&ed, with a pleating impatience, the retail 
of night; which ftole upon them as mft ar had da 
the day; Which the duke and duehefc pafs'd in agreeaU 
cdnverfe with Don Quixote. The fame day flic diipatdk 
a trufty page of her's, who had aerfonaced Dulcinea i 
the wood, to Terefa Panca, with'her husband's lette 
and the bundle of clothes which he had left behi* 
charging hhn to being her back a faithful account ♦ 
etery particular between 'em, 

- At laft, it being eleven o'clock at night, Don Qohco 
jetirM to his apartment, and finding a late there, J 
tun'd it, openM the window, aad perceiving there m 
Jbmebody walking in the garden, he ran over the ftrin 
Of the inftrumenc, and having ton'd it again at dfcejyi 
lie could, he ooogh'd and cjear'd hat throat, arid the 
with a vdicefbmewhat hoarfef yet- not uatabnfeal, k 
ftng tBe following fong, wJuchhthai 
fclf that very day. 


» ■ • • 

LOPS, a firing defignsngfie, 
Carekft hearts with cafe deceives j 
Can that brtafi refift bis flow, 

JVbkbfoat jktb unguarded leaves t 

- |f you're idle, you're de/tro/df 

j4H bis art on you be tries i 
• But be watchful and employ a\ 

Straight the baffled temper fits* 



§/ the rtnwrtd Don Qy ixot e. 89 

iaids, fir nodefl grace adtmVd, 

If they would their fortwuet raife, 
iufl inJBence live retired, 

Tn their virtue /peaks their praxfe^ 

*ruSent men in this agree, 

Whether arm or court* they ufe \ 
they may trifle with the free, 

But fir wive* the virtuous dutfe, 

Vanten levee, wbieb in their way 

Roving traveUers fat on, 
h the mom are frefr and gay, 

In the evening cold and gone* 

loves that come with eager bafie, 

Still with efual bafie depart j 
for am image HI tmpreft, 

Soon is vauijb'd from the heart* 

ha figure fair and true, 

Who wotfd paint another face f 
kn no beauty can fubdue, 

While a greater bold* the flan* 


o%e divine TTobojan, fair 

Duldnea, claims me wboktf 
Nothing tan her image tear \ 

% 9is one fuluf once with my foul, 

Yben let fortune /mile or frown, 

Nothing frail my faith remove \ 
Coolant truth, the lover' s crown, 

Can work miracles in love, 

No fooner had Don Quixote made an end of his fpnm, 
*hieh the duke, duchefs, Altiiidora, and almoft all 
e ptook in thecaftk liften'd all the while $ but on 
&&, from aft open gallery, ^t wai diwftlly ©*•¥ * 1 

I % kaigl 

tjo The life and atchiivemtntf 

knight's window, they let down a rope, with at leafta 
hundred little tinkling bells hanging about it. After 
that came down.a great number of cats*, pour'dout of a 
huge fack, all of *em with finaUer hells ty'd to their 
tails. The jangling of the bells, and the fquawling of 
the cats made fuch a difmal noife, that the very contri- 
vers of the jeft themfelves were fcaYd fee; the prefect, 
and Don Quixote was.ftrangely Airpfia'd and quite dif- 
may'd. At the feme time, as ill. luck would have it 
two or three frighted cats leap'd in. through the bars of 
his chamber-window, and running up and down the 
room like fo many evil fpiiits* one Would hare-thought 
a whole legion of devils had been flying about the cham- 
ber. They put out the candles that food lighted there, 
and endeavoured to .get out* Mean, while the rop^ 
with the bigger bells about it, was puil'd up and down, 
and thofe who knew notbinfe of the contrivance were greatly 
furpriz'd. At laftj Don Quixote, recovering ftom h» 
aftonifhment, drew his fword, and fenc^Hnd.kid tboat 
about him at the vrinddwy .cryirig aland, Avauat ye 
wicked inchanters ! hence infernal fcoundrels I for I an 
Don Quixote de la Mancha^and aU your damn'd devices 
cannot work their ends againft mew And then running 
after the cats that friflt'd ahoht the room, he began to 
thruft and cut at .them farianAyy .while they Jtrove to 
get out. At laft they made their efcape at the window, 
all but one of 'em, who finding pimfelf hard put to it, 
flew in his face j and* laying hold oa his riofe With his 
claws and teeth, put him to fuch pain,- that the Don be- 
gan to roar out as. loud as he could. < Thereupon the 
duke and the duchefs, imagining the caufe of his outcry, 
ran to hisafliflance immediately; and having opened 
the door of his chamber with a mafter-faSy, found the 
poor knight ftruggliog hard. with the cat, that wc*M 
not quit it's hold. By the light of the candles which 
they had with them, they faw the unequal combat*, 
the duke bfter'd to mterpofe, and take off the animal; 
hut Don Quixote would not permit him. Let no body 
take him off, cry*d he 5 let me alone hand to hand with 
^'•1 devil, thil farcccer, this atcfooaacer I FU make 


§f the t&nowrid Den Quixote. 91 

him know what it it to deal with Don Quixote de la 
Mancha. Bat the cat, not minding his threats, growl*d 
eg '****$ heJdM* till at length the duke got k*a 
daws unhook'd from the knight's fiefli, and flung the 
beaft out at the window. Don Qujxote's face was hi- 
deouiry fcratch'd, -and his-nofein no very good condition : 
yet nothing vex'd him fo much ai that they had refcu'd 
out of his hands that villainous necromancer. Immedi- ' 
ttdy fome ointment was fent for, and Altifidora herfelf, 
with her own lilly-white hands, apply* d fome plaifter* 
to- his foxes,- and Whirpering- him in the ear/ a? the was 
feffing him, Cruel hard-hearted knight, faidtiie, all 
thefe difaften are Befallen thee, as a- juft punifhment for' 
thy obdurate Hu b hnrnnrft and difdain. May thy fqaire 
Siancho forget to whip himferf, that thy darling Dulcinea 
nay never be deliver' d from her inchantment, nor thou 
he ever blesVd with her embraces, at leaft fo long as I thy 
jKgk&ed jadocer live. Don Quixote made no anfwer at* 
aj) to this* only he heavfd up a profound figh, arid then 1 
vent to take htt 'fepofe, after he had returned the duke 1 
ajri duchefft thinks, not fo much for their afliftance-. 
againft that rafcallycrew of caterwauling and jangling, 
inchanters, for he defy T d" them all, but for their kind- 
ae& and good intent. Then the dukt and duch'efi left 
him, not- a little troubled at the riiifcarriage of their 
jefr, which they did not thinkwould have proved ft) fa- 
tal to the knight, at to oblige him, as it did, to keep 
his chamber five- days.' During which time, there hap* 1 

CraNitdhimastother adventure, more pleafant than the 1 
ft \ which, however, cannot be now related ; for the' 
liftman TnufV return to Sancho Panca, who %rat very' 
•oiy, and tw ads -ptea&nt in Ins government. 


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*/ tht* renown* d Dim Quixote. 93 

|ord governor, anfwer'd the pbyucian, you are to eat here, 

no otherwise than according to the ufe andcufmm of other 

iflanda when there are governors. I am a doctor of phy- 

fjck, my lord, and have a falary allow'd me in this 

ifland, for taking charge of the governor's health, and 

I am more careful of it than of my own ; ftndying night 

and day ina conftitution, that I may the better know 

what to prescribe when he vails £ck. Now the chief 

thing I do, is to attend him always at ms meals, to let 

him eat whit I think convenient for him, and to pre. 

vent his ea£ifJg what I imagine to be prejudicial to hut 

htaith, and affcofive to his stomach. Therefore I now 

erder'd the fruit to he taken away, becaufe 'tis too cold 

and moifl $ tod the other diihj- becaufe 'tis as much too 

Lot, and overfeatbn*d with fpkes, which are apt to ut- 

creafe thirfr. $ and he that drinks much, defrroys and 

confumes the radical moiftnre, which is the .fuel <tf life* 

So then, quoth Sancho, this difh of roafted -partridges 

here, can do me no manner of harm* Hold, faid dial 

jhyfician, the lord governor fiiall not eat of 'em, whllo 

1 live to prevent it. Why fo ? cry'd Sancho : Becaufe, 

anfwer'd the doctor, our great mafter Hippocrates, the 

north-flar, and huniaary of phyfick, fays in one of his 

aphcfttjDS, Ormh faturatid ptala, ferdicis autem peffima i 

That is, all .*e>ktio» is bad, tut that of partridges is 

woxft of all* If k \t fo, faid Sanch, let Mr Doctor* 

fce which of all thefe diihes on the table will do me mofe 

good and lcaft harm, and let me eat my belly-full of 

that, without taring it whVd away with his wand* 

|or, by my hopes, and the pleafures of government, as 

I live, 1 am ready to die with hunger $ ara^l not to allow 

»e to eat any victuals (let Mr Doctor fey what he will) 

■ the. way to ihorten my life, and not to lengthen itj 

^ery true, my lord, reply'd the phyfician, however, I 

am of opinion, you ought not to eat of thefe rabbets, as 

heiag a hairy* furry fort of food * not would I have 

yon tafte of that veal : indeed if it were neither' roafted 

nor pkkkd, fomething might be faid-, but as ft is, it 

ftApft not be. Well then, faid Sancho, wbattMnk Jon 

of that huge'diih yonder that fmoakt so * I take it « 

94 fb$ Bfi an & rtchitvemenis 

be an • olla podrjda $ anjl that being a hodge-podge «! 
io many forts of victuals, Aire I can't but light upon 
Something there that will sick me, -and be both whole- 
iome and toothrbme. Ah jit t cty'd the doctor, far be 
fuch an ill thought from us ; no diet in the world yields 
worfe putriment than thofe mHh-mafhes do. No, leave 
that luxurious compound to your rich monks and pre- 
bendaries, your matters of colleges, and lofty feeders at 
.country-weddings t hut let them not incumber the tables 
of governors, where nothing but delicate unmix'd viands 
in their prime, ought to make their appeamnce. The 
reaibn is, that Ample medicines are generally allow'd to 
be better than compounds ; for m a cbrn^ofition there 
may happen a miftake by the unequal proportion of the 
ingredients ; but flmples are not rubjeet to that accident. 
Therefore what I would advife at prefect, as a fit diet fur 
the governor, for the prefemtionand rapport of his 
health, it a hundred of final! wafers, and a few thin ffices of 
marmalade, to ftrengthen his ftomach and help dtgeftioo. 
Sancho hearing this, lean*d back upon his chair, and 
looking earneftly in the doctor's face, very ferioufly aik'd 
him what his name was, and where he had ftodied ? My 
lord, anfwer'd he, I am calTd doctor Pedro Retio de 
Aguero. The name of the place where I was bora, is 
Tirteafuera, and lies between Caraquel and Almodabar 
del Campo, on the right-hand 5 and I took my degree 
of doctor in the the univerfity of Ofuna f . Hark yon, 
Btid Sancho. in a mighty chare, Mr Dr Pedro Resio de 
Aguero, bom at Tirteafuera, that lies between Caraeuel 
and Almodabar del Campo, on the right-hand, and who 
took your degrees of doctor at the univerfity of Gfont, 
and io forth, Take your felf away ! avoid the room 
this moment, or by the fun's light, 1*11 get me a good 
cudgel, and beginning with yourcarcaie, wiHfo'be-la- 

* % Tu nobatv* corruptly caUsnctoo, tOfirtffi 
ftcufd together, 

f fTbe doBori nam and hirtb-fUet amf8itimn\ rt- 
sio de aguero^g*i)fcs, porttiveof the omen 5 tuftertea- 
****** take ypur felf away . 


ef the renewed DdnQyixotx. g5 

bom* and rib-roaft all the phyfick-mongcrs in the i/land, 

that I will not Jeavt therein one of the tribe of thofe, I 

saean that at* ignorant quacks ; forts for learned and 

-write phyficiaaa» 1*11 make much of 'em, and honour 

'em like fo many angels. Once more Pedro Rezio, I 

fay, get out of my pretence. Avaunt ! or 1*11 take the 

chair I fit upon, and comb your head with it to fome 

porpofe ; and let me be call'd to an account about it 

when I give up my office ; I don't care, I'll clear my 

felf by laying, I did the world goodtervke, in ridding 

it of a bad phyfician, the plague of a commonwealth. 

Body of me ! let me eat, or let 'em take their govern* 

ment again ; for an- ojfice that won't afford a man hit 

-victuals, is not worth two hoHe-beans. The phyfician 

was terrify'd, feeing the governor in fuch a heat, and 

would that moment have flunk out of the room, had not 

the (bund of a ponvhorn in the ftreet been heard that 

moment ; whereupon the fteward immediately looking 

out of the window, turn*d back, and faid, there 

was an expmfi eome from the duke, doubtlefs with 

fome difpatch of importance. 

Prefently the mefienger enter'd fweating, with hafte 
and concern in his looks, and pulling a packet out of 
his bofom, deliver' d it to the governor. Sancho gave 
it to the fteward, and order' d him to read the direction, 
which was this : To Don Sancho Partfg, governor of tbt 
tfiand Barataria, to bt deliver d into bit own bands, 
or tbofe of bis fecretary. Who is my fecretary > cry'd 
Sancho. 'Til I, my lord, (anfwer'd one that was by) 
for I can write and read, and am a Bifcayner. That 
hft qualification is enough to make thee fet up for fecre- 
tary to the emperor himfelf, faid Sancho. Open the 
letter then, and fee what it fays. The new fecretary 
did fo, and having perus'd the difpatch by himfelf, told 
the governor, that 'twas a bufiaveis that was to be told 
r only in private : Sancho order'd every one to leave the 
room, except the fteward and the carver, and then the 
fecretary read what follows. 

96 . Ths Ufi and ateRwommt* 

I Have received information, My Lord Don Sand* 
Pan ft, that fame/ cur tnpnie* intend to attack your 
tjland with great ,fury 9 Mi of tbeje* nigbtt z yore ought 
therefore to fa watchful, and Jland Upon your guard, that 
you may not he found unprovided. 1 fottt atfo bad intel- 
ligence from faithful fpiti,' that theft art four men got 
into the town in. difguife, to murder you 5 your abilhict 
being regarded at a great obftachto the enbmy*s defignt* 
Look about you? take heed how you admit frnngm fir 
to fpeak. xtntb yu, and eat nothing that- jj laid before 
ygu, J wiU take kare to fend you uffi/lawte, ifyouftand 
in need of it : and in everv thing I riljf on y&r frpdmce. 
From our cafile, the ibth of A*g*fi, at four in the 

Vow friend. 

The Dvtf. 

Sancha was aftoni/h'd • at the news, «n4 thofe tint 
were with him, feem'd no lefs eoncem'd. But at laft 
turning to the fteward, HI- tell you, {aid he, what a 
firft to b« bone in this cafe, and that with alt fpeed ; 
clap me that fame doctor Rezio in a dungeon 5 for if 
any body Jiat a mind to kill me, St nuft be he, and 
that with a lingering death, the worft of deaths* hun- 
ger-£arong. - However, faid the carver, I am of ©pi- 
n»on > your honour ought not to -eat any .of the things 
that ftand here before ye ; for they were fent in by fome 
of the convents 5 and 'tis a common faying, The devil 
lurks behind the croft : Which no body can deny, quoth 
Sancho; and therefore let me nave for the prefent but 
a luncheon of bread, -and fome four pound of raiflns ; 
there can be-no poifon in that : for, in fliort, I cannot 
live without eating $ and if we rtiuft be in a readinefs 
again&thefe. battles, we had need be well viAuall'd j for 
'tis the beUyic^epsup the heart, and not the heart the 
belly. Mean while, fecretaiy, do yon- fend my lord 
duke an anfwer, and tell him, his order ftall be fulfilTd 

eveqr part without fail. Remember me kindly to 


of the renown' d Don QuixpTE. 97 

my lady • duchefs, and beg of her not to forget to fend 
one on purpofe, with my letter and bundle, to Tfereft 
Panca my wife j which I fliall take as a fpecial favour ; 
and I will be mindful to ferve her to the beft of mV 
power ; and when your hand's in, you may crowd in 
my fervlce to my mailer Don Quixote de ia Mancha^ 
that he may fee I am neither forgetful nor ungrateful ; 
the reft I leave to you ; put in ' what you will, and do 
your part like a good fecretary, and a ftanch Bi(cayrier t 
Now take away here, *nd bring me fomething tp eat j 
and then you mall fee I am able to deal with all the 
fpies, wizards, and cut-throat dogs that dare to meddle 
with me and my ifland. * 

At that time a page entring the room j My lord, 
£ud he, there*s a countryman without defires to' fpeak 
with your lordfhip about bufinefs of great confequence. 
*Tii a ftrange thing, cry'd Sancho, that one muft ftill 
be plagu'd with thefe men of bufinefs ! U it poflible, 
they Jhould be fuch fots, as nor to underftand thi is not 
a time for bufinefs ? do they fancy, that we governor* 
and distributers of juftice are made of iron and marble, 
and have no need of reft and refreflirqent like other 
creatures of fleih and blood. Well, before heaven, 
and o'my conference, if my government does but laft. 
as I (hrewdly guefs it will not, m get fome of tfyefe 
men of bufinefs laid by the heels. Well, for pnee let 
the fellow come in — But firft take heed he ben*t one of 
the (pies or ruffian-rogues that would murder roe. As 
for that* faid the page, I dare fay he had no hand in the 
plot j poor foul, he loolcs as if he could not help it : 
there's no more harm in him to fee to, than in a piece 
of good bread *• There's no need to fear, faid the 
fteward, fince we are all here by you. But hark you. 
^uoth Sancho, now Dr Rezio's gone, 'might not I eat 
fomething that has fome fubftance in it, though it weif 

* Bueno como el pan. When the country people tvou'd 
define an bontjl good wtur y d man, they Jay, tfeis as goo* 
as bread itfeff. . 

Vol. IV f K * 1 

98 The life and atchievements 

but a croft and an onion ? jk\ night, anfwerM the car- 
ver, your honour (hall have no caufe to complain: /upper 
/hall make amends for the want of your dinner. Hea- 
ven grant it may, fald Sancho. 

Now the countryman came in, and by his looks (eem'd 
to be a good harmlefs filly foul. As foon as he entered 
the room, Which is. my lord governor, quoth he ? 
Who but he that fits in the chair, anfwer'd the Secre- 
tary ! 1 humble my'felf 'to his worship's prefence, quoth 
the fellow ; and with that, falling on his knees, begg'd 
to kifs his hand j which Sancho refus'd, but bid him 
Jrife and tell him what "he had to fay. The countryman 
then gpt up ; My lord, quoth he, I am a huibandman of 
Miguel Turra, a town fome two leagues from Grada* 
dreal. Here's another Tirte a fuera, quoth Sancho j 
Well, go oh friend - y l know the place full well $ 't» 
Hot far from our town. An't pleafe you, iaid the coun- 
tryman, my bufinefs is this .:' I was married by heaven's 
jnercy in the face of our holy mother, the Roman ca- 
tholick church $ and I have two boys that take their 
learning at ' the college ; the youngeft ftudies to become 
a batchelor, and the eldeft to be a matter, of arts. I 
am a widower, becaufe my wife is dead j we dy'd, 
an't pleafe you, or to fpeak more ttuly, me was luiTd 
as~a body may fay, by a damn'd doctor, that gave her a 
f urge when (he was with child. Had it been heaven's 
blefled will that me had been brought to bed of a boy, 
I would have ient hjm to ftudy, to have been a doctor, 
that he might have had no cauie to envy his brothers. 
So then, quoth Sancho, had not you/ wife died, or had 
they not made her die, you had not been a widower. 
Very true, anfwer'd the man. We are much the nearer, 
cry'd Sancho ; go on, honeft friend, and prithee dif- 
patch ; for 'tis rather time to take an afternoon's nap, 
than to talk of bufinefs. Now, Sir, I muft tell you, 
continued the farmer, that that fon of mine the batchelor 
«f art that is to be, fell in love with a maiden of our 
town, Clara Perlerina by name, the daughter of An- 
drew Perlerino, a mighty rich farmer ; and Perlerino is 
their right name neither 5 but becauic the whole 


of the renown! d Dm Quixote. 99 

feneration of 'em is troubled with the palfy *> they 
ua'd to be cali*d from the name of that ailing, Perlati- 
cos ; but bow they go by that of Perlerino ; an4 truly 
it fits the young woman rarely, for ihe is a precious 
pearl for beauty, efpecially if you rtand on her right fide, 
and view her, ihe looks like a flower in the fields./ On 
the left indeed ihe does not look altogether fo well $ for 
there me wants an eye, which fhe loft by. the (mall-pox, 
that has digg'd a many pits fomewhat deep all over hex 
face ; hut thofe thai wjih her well, Jay, that's nothing 3 
and that thofe pits are hut (o many, -graves to bury lovers? 
hearts in. She is (o cleanly, that becaufe ihe will no* , 
have her nofe drop upon her lips, ihe carries it cock*d 
up, and her noflrils are turn'd up on each fide, as if they 
ihunn'd her mouth, that is fomewhat of the wideft 3 
and for all that ihe looks exceeding well £ and were it » 
not for fomrten or dozen of her butter teeth and grin- - 
ders, which ihe wants, the might fet up for one o? the 
derereft laflcs in the country. As for her lips, I don't , 
know .what tip fay of 'em, for- they are fa thin and fo . 
(lender, that were it the rafhion to wind lips as they 
do filk, one might make a ikain of her' s $ besides, they 
ace not of the ordinary hue of common lips $ no, they . 
are of the moft wonderful colour that ever was feen, at 
being fpeckled with blue, green, and orange-tawny. I 
hope my lord governor will pardon me, for dwelling 
thus en the picture, and feveral rare feature! of her that 
is one day to be my daughter, feeing 'tis meerly out of 
my hearty love and affe&on for the girl. . Prithee paint 
on as long as thou wilt, (aid Sancho ; I am mightily 
taken with this kind of painting, and if \ had but 
dined, I would not defire a better defert than thy origi- 
nal. Both myfelf and that are at your fervice, quoth 
the fellow ; or at leaft we may be in time, if we are not 
now. But, alas ! Sir, that is nothing ; could I fet be- 
fore your eyes her pretty carriage, and her (hape, . you 
would admire. But that's not to Jbe done $ for (he is fo 

* Perlefia, in JSpaniJb, is the palfy 5 andtboftwb* 
have it, the Spaniard* call perUfjcos $ wbenct this nam. 

lc \ crooked 

t66 ' fhYltfidiiA achievements 

dtooked and cxTJmfcled dp together, that he#kneesr and 
her chin meet, and yet sttiy one may perceive that if {he 
could but ftand upright, her head would touch the very 
deling 5 and fhe would have given her hand to my fon, 
the batchebr, in the way of matrimony before now, but 
that fhe's not' able to ftretch it forth, the finews being 
quite ftrunk utrr however, the broad long-guttered nails 
add ho frrmli grate io it, and may let you know what a 
well-made hand me has. 

•' So far fo good, faid Sancho ; but let us fuppofe yon 
have drawn her from head to foot t What is it you'd 
be at now ? come to the point, friend, -without fb many 
windings and turnings* and going round about the 
buih. Sir, faid the farmer, I would defire your honour 
to do me the kmdheft'to fcive me a letter of aocommod*- 
tion to the lather of my daughter-ih-faw, Weeching 
him to be pleaa'd to let the marriage be fulfill**! 3 feeing 
we are not unlike 1 , wither in eftate, nor in- bodily con- 
cerns. For, to tell you the truth, rriy loud governor, 
nfy fon is bewifeirTd, ' atod there is not a day patiea over 
hit head, but th* foul fiends torment him three or four 
times 5 and havtrig once Bad the ill hick to fall into the 
fife, the ffcin of his face is fhrivelTd up 1 like apiece of 
parchment, and Hi* eyes are fomewhat fore and full ef 
rheum, mnl wfcehilHs fiiid, he has the temper of an 
angel ; and wefVhenot apt to thump and belabour him- 
fejf now and then in his fits, you would take him to be 
a faint. ; .' 

" Have you any thing eHe to arte, honeft man, faid San- 
cho r Only one ' thing more, quoth ' the farmer ; but I 
am fomewhat . a'fraid ib fpeak it : yet I cannot find in 
nry heart to let it rot within me ; and therefore, All 
back fall edge, I mui! out with it. I would defire your 
worfhip to beftow on me fome three hundred or fix hun- 
dred ducats towards my batehelor's portion, only to help 
him to begin the world, and furnifh him a houfc ; for, 
irf Ihort, they wouM live by themfelves, without being 
fdbje£t to the impertinences of a father-in-law. Well, 
faid Sancho, fee if you would have any thing elfe; if 
->uld, don't let fear or bafhfumefs be your hin- 

$f the rtnown'd Don Qyixorr. IQI 

France t out with it man. No truly, quoth the farmer x 
and he had hardly fpoke the words, when the governor 
itarting up, and* laying hold of the chair he fat on c 
You brazen-fae'd filly impudent country-booby, cry'4 
he, get out of my prefence this moment, or, by the 
blood of the Pancas, 1*11 crack your jolter-head with 
this chair, you whorefon raggamuffin, painter for the 
devil $ doft thou come at this time of day to aik mt for 
fix hundred ducats ? where fliould I hare 'em, mangy 
clod-pate ? and if I had 'em, why fhould I give 'em thee, 
thou old doating fcoundrel ? what a pox care I for Mi- 
guel Turn, or all the generation of the Perlerinos ? a* 
▼oid the room, I fay, or by the life of the duke, I'll be 
as goojj as my word, and ding out thy cookoo-brains. 
Thou art no native of Miguel Tuna, but ibme imp of 
the (kvil, fent on his matter's errand to tempt my pair 
tience* 'Tis not a day and half that 1 have been gover- 
nor, and thou would'ft have me have fix hundred ducats 
a)ready, dundcrheaded fot. 

The fteward made figns to the farmer to withdraw, 
and he went out accordingly, hanging down his head, 
and to all appearance very much afraid, left the gover- 
nor mould make good his angry threats 5 for the cun- 
ning knave knew very well how to aft his part. But 
let us leave Sancho in his angry mood> and let there 
be peace and auietnefs, while we return to Don Quixote, 
whom we left with his face cover' d over with phufters J 
the fcratches which he had got when the cat fo clapper- 
daw'd him, having obliged him to no left than eight 
days- retirement ; during which time there- happen' d 
that to him, which Cid Hamet promifes to relate 
with the fame punctuality and veracity with which he 
deliver* the particulars of this hLftory, bow trivial toeye? 

far w** 



*3 CHAl 

l6% T The fife and atcbievMents 

, . . ., 


What hopper? & to t>tn Quixote with D*ttna Redrigmnt 
the ducpefs's iooman ; as atfi ether paffaget ivortby tt 

* be recorded, attd bad in eternal remembrance. 


DON Quhcete, thiis unhappily hurt, waft extreme- 
ly ftiHeir, and melancholy, his face- wrapp'd up 
and mark'd, not by the hand of a fuperior being, but the 
paws of a eat, a 'misfortune incident to knight-errantry. 
He was fix days without appearing in publkk 5 and one 
nt|ht when he was thus conftn'd to his apartment, at 
he lay awake, reflecting on his misfortunes, and Altrfi- 
dora's importunities, he perceived fome body was opening 
his chamber door with a key, and prefently irnagm'd that 
the amorous damfel was coming to make an attempt on 
Wschafb'ty, and expofe'hrm to the danger of forfeiting 
that loyalty which he had vow'd to his lady Daiefoea del 
/tfobofo. Preppflefe'd'with that conceit, No, f faid he 
loud enough to be heard) the greateft beauty Injtne tini- 
verfe /hall never remove the dear idea of "the charming 
fair, that is engrav'd and ftamp'd in the very center of 
any heart, arid; the moft fecret recefles of mybreaft. 
Ho, thou only mHrref* of my foul, wKeflier transform** 
into a rank country wench, or into one of the nymphs 
of the golden Tagus, : that weave filk and gold in the 
loom : whether Merlin or Montefinos- detain thee where 
they pleafe, ■ be" where thou wilt, thou Aill art mine j 
and wherever I ihall be, I nraft and will be thine. 
Juft as he ended his ipeech, the* door opened. Up he 
got in the bed, wrappM from head to foot in a yellow 
latin quilt, with a woolle? cap on his head, his face and 
his mitftachio's bound up ; his face to heal his fcratches, 
a nd his muftalhio's to keep them from hanging down : 
''kh poAure, he look'd like the ftraageft apparition 
> : • that 

of the fenwrC d } Dm Quixote, X03 

that' can he jmagin'd. He fix'd his eyes tourasds the 
door, and when he expeded to hate teen the yielding 
and doleful Aithldora, be beheld a mott reveled matron 
approaching in a white veil) to long that it cover'd her 
from head to foot. Betwixt her left-hand fingers 
fte carried half a candle bghted, and held her right-hand 
before her race to keep the blaze of the taper from her 
eyes, which ware hidden by a huge pate of fpeftacles. 
Ail the way me trod very foftly, and mov'd a very flow 
pace. - Don Quixote watch'd her motions, and observing 
her garb and her'filence, took her for feme witch or in- 
chantrefs, that came in that drew to pra&ife her wicked 
foreeries upon him $ and began to make rthcngn of 4 the 
cmfs at faft ar he cou'd* - 1?he vision advane'd all the 
while, and being got to the middle of the 'chamber, 
lifted up it's eyes, and law Don Quixote thua making a 
thoufimd erodes on* hit breaft. But if he was aftoni&'d 
at fight of fuch-a figure* ft* was. no kis affrighted at 
his : fo that as foon as flie fpy'dhim thus wrapped ap in 
yellow, fo lank; be^patoh'd and muffled lip $ Heft me, 
cry'd me, what's this! with the sudden fright, iho 
dropped the candle, and now being in the darkv as me 
was running out; the length of her coats made her from- 
ble, and down <ht fell in the middle of the chambers 
Don Quixote at the lame time was in greatanxiety t 
Phantom, cry'd he* or whatever thoa> art, I conjure 
thee to tell me who thou art, and what thou retjuireft of 
me } If thou art a foul in torment, tell me, and I will 
efideavour thyeHfoto theutmofbof my power; for I 
am a catholick dWiftian, and love W do good to all man- 
kind $ for which' reafon I took upon me the order of> 
brit^-errantry, whoft exfen&ve duties "engage me to re- 
lie ve the* fouls in purgatory. - The poor old woman hear- 
ing her self thus conjur'd, fudg'd Don Quixote's fears by/ 
her own 5 and Aerefore with alow and dokfol voice, My> 
Lord Don Quixote, fold flie, (if you are he) lam neither 
a phantom nor a ghoft, nor a' foul in purgatory, as I fup- 
pofe you fancyy- but Donn* Rodriguez, my lady 
duche&'s matronof honour, who eome to you about a 
temin grievance, «f the nature of thofe whkh you u« 

104 7%' Uf* and atchievemtnts 

to redntfs* Tcil me, Donna Rodriguez, (aid Bo* 
Quixote, are not you come to manage fame love 
intrigue ? If you are, take it from me, you'll Jofe 
your labour : 'tis, all in vain, thanks to the peerlds 
beauty of my lady Duktnea del Toboib. In a word, 
Madam, provided you come not on (bme fuch embafTy 
you may. go light your caedk and return, and we will 
talk of any thing you pkafc j but remember 1 bar all 
dangerous mnnuationa, all amorous enticements : what ! 
I procure for others, cry'd the matron ! I find you don't 
know me, Sir. I am not lb dale yet, to be reduc'd to 
fuch poor employments, I have good fieih Hill about 
me, heaven ;be praifed, and all my teeth in my head, 
except fome few, which the rheums, fo rife in this country 
of Arragon, have robb'd me of* But ftay a little, I'll 
go light my candle, and then I'll tell you my misfor* 
tunes, for 'tis von that fet to rights every thing in the 
world. This (aid, auray (ha went, without flaying for 
an anfwejr. .. 

Don Quixote expected her awhile quietly, but his 
working brain foon. (Urted a thoujand chimeras concern- 
ing, this new adventure ; and he fancied he did ill in giv- 
ing way, though but to a thought of endangering his 
faith to his mifcefs. Who knotts* (aid he to him/elf, 
but that the devil is now endeavouring to circumvent me 
with an old govtrnante, though -it \m not been in his 
power to do it. with countefiet, matchioaefles, duchef- 
fes, queens, nor empefies* '•• J; have -often heard tay, 
and that hy perfaos of great judgment, that if he can, he 
will rather tempt a man within ugly objed, than with 
one that's beautiful * * Who'knows bat this folitode, 
this occafion, the ftillneft of the night, may rouse my 
deeping densts, and caufe me. in my latter age to (all, 
where I never (rumbled before ?. In (uch cafes 'tis better 
to fly than to ftay to -face thedanger. But why -do I ar- 
gue fo foolifliry ? Sure 'tis impomble that an antiquated 
waiting-matron, in a long white veil, like a winding- 

* In the original xtutb afitt-tujt^ rtfbtrtbm m JwW*» 
wifed woman, 


ofthlirinoton'dDokQyixvTt. io$ 

Eaeet, with a fair of fpe&acka over her nofe»' mould 
nreate, or waken, an unchafte thought in>the mod a- 
oandon'd libertine in the world. Is there any of thefe 
iuenas* or governances, that has good flerh ? It there one 
3f thole implements of antichambers that is not imcers 
txoent, affected, and intolerable ? A vaunt then, all ye 
idle crowd of wrinkled female waiters, unfit for any hu- 
man recreation ! How is that lady to be commended, 
who, they tell us, let up only a couple of mawkins in 
her chamber, exa&ly rtprefenting two waitingtmatrens, 
with their work before *em ! The ftate and oecotfem of 
her room was as well kept with thole ftatues, as it 
would hare been with real duenas. So laying, he ftart- 
ed from the bed, to lock the door, and drat out Donna 
Rodriguez ; but in that very moment me happened to 
come in with a wax candle lighted ; at what time fpying 
the knight near her, wrapp*d in his quilt, hk? face bound' 
up and a woollen cap on ins head ; me was frighted a- 
gain, and farted two or three fteps back* Sit knight, 
laid me, it my honour firfe ? fori don't thidk It look* 
handibcnely in you to come out of your bed? I ought to 
aik you the fame oueftion, Madam, faM Don Quikote y 
and therefore tell me whether I mail be fafe from, being 
tfaulted and mvisVd. Whom are you afraid of, Sir 
knight, cry'd me ? Of you, reply'd Don Qtdxote $ for, 
in short, 1 am not made of marble, nor yon of brafi j 
neither is it now the noon of day, but that of nl|hr, 
and a little later too, if I art not miftaken $ befide, we 
are in a place snore close and private than the caVe muft 
hare been, where the falfe and tirefumptuout Aneas en- 
joyMthc beautiful and tender-heasted Did*. However, 
give me your hand, madam ; for 1 deft* no gfeattr fecuri- 
ty than that of my own continence and circumi^fion. 
This said, he khVd his own right-hand, and wkh it took 
hold of net's, winch she gave him with the fame cere-' 
stony* ♦ 

Htn Cid Hamet (making a pareftthefis) twears by 
Mahomet, he would have given' the beft coatof twe» 
that he had, only to have feen the knight and -the ma- 
tron walk thn* hand in hand from the che<nW*door ■• 


10$ The life and dtchievementr 

>ed-fide. To make fiwrt, Don Quixote went to bed 
again, and Donna Rodriguez &t down in a chair at fome 
diftaace, without taking off her fpeftacles, or Jetting- 
down the candfe. Don Quixote . crouded up together, 
and covered hi mfclfcWe, aii but his face, and after they 
had jwth remain' d a while in filence, the firft that broke 
ft was the knight. Now, Madam, &id he, yon may 
freely unburden your heart, fure of attention to your 
complaints, from chafte ears, and afiUbnce in your di* 
ftrefe, from a companionate heart. I believe as much, 
faid the matron, and promifed myfelf no leis charitable 
an aniwer from a perfon of fo graceful and pleating a 
prefence. The caie then ii, noble Sir, that though you 
fee me fitting in this chair, in the middle of Arragon, 
in the habit of an mfigniheant unhappy duenna, I am of 
Afturias de Ovjedo, and one of. the heft families in that 
province. But my hard fortune, and- the neglect of my 
parents, who. fell to decay, too icon, I can't tell how, 
brought, me to Madrid j where,, becaufc they could do 
no better, for fear of the worifc, they plac'd me with a 
court-lady, to be her chambermaid. And though I lay 
it, for all manner of plain-work, I was never outdone 
by any one in all my life. My father and mother left me 
at fervice, and returned home j and feme few years after, 
they both dy*d, and went to heaven, I hope 9* for they 
were very good and religious Catholkks. Then was I 
left an orphan* and wholly ivduc'd to the forrowful con- 
dition of fpch court Servants, wretched wages, and a 
/lender allowance. About the fame time the gentleman* 
uflier fell in love with me, before I dreamt of any fuch 
thing* heaven knows. He was Jomewhat ftricken in 
years, had a fine beard, was-a perfonable man, and 
what's more, as good a gentleman as the king ; for he 
was of. the mountains. We did not carry matters fo 
cjofe in our love, but it came to my lady's ears $ and fo 
to hinder people's tongues, without any more ado, ihe 
cjausM us to be marry'd- in the face* of our holy mother 
the Catholick Church ; which matrimony produced a 
daughter, that made an end. of my good fortune, if I 
had any. Nof (hat I died ja ctuMbjed i for I went my 


of the rtnmtfd Dm Quixote. 107 

"ill time, and was fafely defiver'd j but bectufe my 
-atriband (reft hi* foul) dy'd awhile after of a fright $. 
and had I but time to tell you how it happen**, I dart 
fay you wou'd wonder. Here- (he began to weep piteouf* 
ly; Good Sir, cryMfte, I muft beg your pardon, fori 
can't contain myfelf. At often at I think of my poof 
bofband, I can't forbear ihedding of tears. Bleft me, 
how he look'd ! and with what ftatelinefs he would 
ride, with my hdy behind- him, on a ftout mule as black 
as jet (for coaches and chairs were not us*d then at they 
are now a-days, but the ladies rode behind the gentlemen* 
vfbers). And now my tongue's in, I can't help telling 
you the whole (rory, that you may fee what a fine well* 
bred man roy dear huiband was, and how nice in every 

One day, at Madrid, as he came into St James's* 
ftreet, which is fomewhat narrow, with my lady behind 
him, he met a judge of the court, with two officers be-*' 
fore him : whereupon, is foon as he faw him, to fliew 
his refpect, my huiband turn'd about his mule, as if h« 
defign'd to have waited on him. , But my lady whimper- 
ing him in the ear. What d'ye mean, faid me, block- 
head ! don't you know I am here ? The judge on hit 
fide was no left civil, and flopping his horfe, Sir, (aid 
he, pray keep your way ; you mud not wait on me, it 
becomes me rather to wait on my lady GafiMa. (for that 
was my lady's name). However my hufband with hit 
hat in his hand, per/ifted in his civil intentions. But 
at lair, the hdy being very angry with him for it, took 
1 great pin, or rather, as I am apt to believe, a bodkin 
oat of her cafe, and run it into hit back ; uprtn which 
ay huiband fuddenly ftarting, and crying out, fell out 
of thefaddle, and pulTd down my lady after him. Im- 
mediately two of her footmen ran to help her, and the 
judge and his officers did the like. The gate of Gua- 
dahjara was presently in a hubbub (the idle people about 
the gate I mean). In fhort, my lady retura'd home a- 
foot, and ray huiband went to a (urgeon, complaining 
thathe was prickM through the lungs. And now tM» 
civility of hia ww talk'd of wry-whw* tafismwkthjt 

10$ r The Mfe and atchieymtnft K 

•** very J>oya',ift *** i&eeti would flock about him aaj 
Jeer hhn{ for whjch reaibn, and becanie he was feme* 
what JfrKt-iighted, my lady dfthuVd him her service; 
which he took fo to heart, poor man, that it coft him 
fets J^fe foon after. Now was I left a poor helpkfs wi- 
dow, and with a daughter to keep, who Hill increasM in 
beauty as me. grew up, like the foam of the fea. At 
length, having the name of an excellent work- woman 
at my needle, my lady duchefs, who was newly mar- 
ry'd to his grace, took me to live with her here in Ar- 
ragon, and sfljr daughter, at well as my&lf. In tim< 
the girl grew up, and became the moft accompliih'd 
Ci*a$ute' in the world. Sfye fings like a lark, dance* 
like a fairy, (rips like a wild buck, writes and reads lik« 
a fchoolrnafter, and cafts accompts like an ufurer. I fay 
nothing-of ^he* neatnei* $ Iwtxatainjjr the puieft Jpriog- 
water that :191ns is not more cleanly ; and then for he? 
age, (he is now, if I miftakc not, juft fccteen years, 
fiee months,, and three days old. Now who Jhou'4 
happen to fell in lovcurith this daughter of mine, bat 4 
mighty .rich ; farmer's fon, that Jives in one of my lord 
duke's: visages not far off; and indeeed, I can't tell how ha 
xnanagM matters, but he ply'd her Xb clofc, that upon a , 
promife of marriage he wheedled her into a confent, and 
in fliort,- got his will of her, and now refuses to males 
his vvo|d good. The duke is nd ftranger to the buii< 
neft ; for I have made my. complaint to him about it 
many and many times, and begg'd of him to enjoin the 
young; . man to wed my daughter.; but he turns his deaf 
ear to me, and can't endure I ihou'd freak to him of i^ 
becaufe the young knave's father is rich, and lends tU 
duke money, and is bound for him upon all occasions, 
io that he would by no means difoblige him. 

Therefore, Sir, I apply myfelf to your worship, aod 
hefeech. you to fee my daughter righted, either by in- 
treaties, or by force, feting every body lays yon wert 
fent into this worjd to redrefs grievances, and afiift thofc 
in adver&ty* fie pleas' d tcscaft aa eye of pity on soy 
aanghter!s orphan ftate, her- beauty,, her youth, and all 
**<? otto gflftf} p*m W> « ? W confeie^cejj of all the 


> .. 



cftbrrenown r d Don Quixote. 109 

damfeb afty fitly had, there is not one on come up to 
he* by a- mite j> no> not me thatVcry'd op at the airier* 
and fineft- of 'em all, whom they call Akifidora: I am 
iurefite is-not-to be namM the fane day: for, let out 
tell you* Sin, dk is not goffl that glitters. This fame 
Alo^dora •after aBv is a hoity-toity, that has more vanity 
than beauty, and JeuVmodefty than confidence : betide*, 
fhe ts-none of the founded neither, for her breath is far 
ftroafe that no body can endure to fhmd near her for* 
moment. Nay, my lady duchefa too— but I mur> fay 
do more, for as they fey, walls hate ears. What of 
my lady dnchefs ? faid Don Quikote. By alf that'a* 
dear to 1 you, Donna Rodrigues* tell me, I conjure you* 
Yoormtreades, faid the matron, aretofrftojig a charmf 
toberefifted, dear Sir, and I muff «sltyot> the truth.* 
Do you obfenrey Sir, that beauty of my lady's, that 
Jbftnenv flat clearnefs of complexion, ftaooth and ftin- 
inglike a poliih?d fwordj thofe cheeks, all milk and? 
▼errniboJV fair like the moon, and' glorious like, the fun ;' 
that air when me treads, as if {he difdainM to touch the' 
ground; and, inihort, that look of health that enlivens' 
all her charms f let me cell you, Sir, me may thank 
heaven fort In the n>fr place, and riett to that, two if.' 
fiierbVhoth'fierfegB, which' flie- keeps open to % carry off 
the iif humours, With which the physicians fay her body 
abounds.' BhrnYdtvirfcin) cryM Don- Qunrote ! is it pof-" 
alble the duchefs fliould have fuch drains ! I mould not 
hare believM it from any body but you, though a bare- 
foot friar bad fworn it. But yet certainly from lb much 
perfection, no ill hucntohrs Can flow, but rather liquid 
amber. Well, I am now perfuafed fuch flukes may be 
of importance to health. ... 

Scarce had Don Quixotfr faul thofe words, when at 
one bounce the chamber<*dpor flew open ; whereupon 
Donna Rodriguez was feiz'd with fuch a terrible fright, 
that (he let fall her candle, and the room remained aa 
dark as a wolfs mouth *, as the faying is 5 and pre- 
fently the poor duenna felt fomebody hold her by the 

■ •I i \" f ■ ■ ■■ i n ' i . j ■ 

* 3#*uh* wt^ $ m*tb it blacky fo th d&»n*ri«* 

II© "The life and atdhievements 

throat, and fquceze her weafand fb hard, that it was not 
in her power to cry out. And another having; puli'd 
up her coats, laid her on> fo unmercifully upon her bare 
trattodts with a flipper, or fome fuch thing, that it 
-wou'd have mov'dany one but thofe that did it, to pity. 
Don Quixote* was not without compaffioty yet he did 
not think fit to ftir from the bed, but lay (hug and fiknt 
£11 the while, not knowing what the meaning of this 
i>uitle might be, fearing left the tempeft that pour*d on 
the matron'* pofteriors, might alfo light upon his own ; 
and not without raaibfl j .for indeed, after the mute ex* 
cautioners had well curried the old gentlewoman (who 
durft not cry out) they came to Don Quixote, and turn- 
ing up the bcfUelothes, pinch' d him fo hard, and fo 
long, that injiispwn defence, he cou'd not forbear lay- 
ing about him with his fifts as well at. he could j till at 
laft, after the fcuffle had lafted about half an hour, the 
invisible phantoms vaninYd. Donna Rodriguez let her 
coats to-rights, and lamenting her hard fortune, left the 
room, without fpeakuig a word to the knight. As /or 
him, he remain- d where 'he was,- fadly pinch'd and tir's) 
and very moody and thoughtful not knowing who this 
wicked inchanter ihou'd be, that had ua'd him in that 
manner: but we {ball know that in it's proper time. 
Now let us leave him, and return to Sancho Pau$*> 
who calls upon us, as the order of our hiftory It ' 




of the rcriowtCd Dm Quixo*rfe. lit 



What bapptnd t$ Sancb* Panax, as be went the round* 

in bit ifland, •, 

WE left bur mighty governor muck out of hu- 
mour, and in a, pelting chafe with that &«cy 
knave of a countryman, who. according to the inftruc* 
turns he had receiv'd from the fteward, and the flew* 
ard from the duke, had banter'd his worfliip with bis 
impertinent description. - Vei aft much a dunce and s 
fool as he was, he made his party good againft them all* 
At laft, addrefling himfelf to thofe about him, among 
whom was Dr Pedro Reno, who tad ventur'd inte) 
the room again, after the confult about the duke's letter 
was oyer j Jfow, (aid he, do I find in good earnest 
t ^ ut JH^ges and governors muft be made of Vrais* 
or ought to be, made of bra/s, that they may he 
proof againft the importunities of tho/e that pretend 
bufinefs, who at all hours, and at all feafons, would 
be heard and dupatch'd, without any regard to any body 
but themfelvcs, let what will come of the reft, (o their 
turn is fervM'. Now if a poor judge does not hear ant 
difpatch them prefently, either becaufe he is otherwayi 
bufy sad cannot, or becaufe they don't come at a proper 
feafon, then do they grumble,, and give him their bkf« 
fing backwards, rake up the aJnes of his forefathers, and 
would gnaw \£a very bones. But with your leave, good 
MrBnfy-body, witn all your bufinefs you are too hafty, 
pray have a little patience, and wait a fit time to make 
your application. Don't come at dinner-time, or when 
a man is going to deep, for we judges are flem and blood, 
and muft alfcw nature what flic naturally requires 5 un- 
lets it be poor L who am not tp. allow mine any food, 
thanks to my friend, ma$er do^U*?edroIU«o Tirtea- 
fuera here prefent, whais for Varying jne to. t****™ 


1 1% lhi lift and atcbUvmunts . 

then (Wears 'tis for the prefervation of my life. Hea- 
ven grant him.jfach a life, I pray, and all the gang cf 
loch phyfick-mongers as he is; for the good phyficians 
deferve palms and laurels. 

All that knew Saacho wonderM to hear him talk fo 
fenfibly, and began to think that offices and places of 
trail infpirM feme men with underftanding, as - they ftu- 
erify'd and confounded others. However, doctor Pedro 
Reiio Aguero de Tirteafuera .promis'd iim he flwald 
fan that night, though he treipafs'd againft all the apho- 
riftns of Hippocrates. This p*dfy*d die governor for 
the prefent, and made him wait with a mighty impa- 
tience for the evening, and fupper. To' his think- 
ing the hour was fo long a coming, that he fancy** 
time ftood ftill, but yet at laft the wuVd-fpr moment 
came, and they fervM }am up fome mine'd beef with 
Onions, ana 1 fome calves-feet fomewhat (fete, The 
hungry goverrior grefently fell to with more eageroeft 
and appetite than if they had given him Milan godwits, 
Roman pheasants, Sorrcntom real, Moron Jjartridges, 
or livajes green jjpefe. And after he had pretty well 
taken off the ftarp edge of his ftomach, turning to the 
^hyfidnn,' Look you, quoth ne, Mr doc"ror, hereafter 
sever trouble yourfelf to get me dainties or tid-btta to 
humour my ftomaeh ; that would but take it quite of 
the hinges ; by reafon it has been oi*d to nothing but 
£ood beef, bacon, pork, goata-rleJh, turnips, and onions ; 
and if you ply me with your kick- (haws, your nice cour- 
tiers fare, 'twill but make my ftomaeh fqueamim and 
untoward, and I mould perfectly loath them one time 
or other. However,- I mall not take it amifs, if mailer 
fewer will now and then get -me one of thofe ollas po- 
drida's, and the Wronger they are the better * : Where 


— »■>— ^— «■ III! ■ ■ -■ — I — — — ^ 

* A dijb- eonJt/Ung of a great number of itgre&ents, 
** fiejb, fvtvl, &c. all Jkw 1 d together. Otti /grafts a 
pet. flWpodrida,jmtrify*d, rotten j at if the fZwieg 
them together teas Jmfpitd to have the fame efieff, A h 
—'king *m tender, as rottennefi vwV have. But Covar- 


of the renown* d Don Quixote, iij 

all forts of good things arc rotten ftew.'d, and as if it 
were loft in one another : and the more they ate thus 
rotten, and like their name, the better the fmack ; 
and there you may make a jumble of what you will, & 
it be eatable, and I ihall remember him, and make him 
amends one of tfcefe days. But let no body put tricks 
upon travellers, and make a fool of me * for either we 
are or, we arc not. Let's be merry and wife \ when God 
fends his light he fends it to all j I'll govern this ifland 
fair and fquare, without underhand dealings, or taking 
of bribes ; but take notice, I won't bate an inch of my 
right ; and therefore let every one carry an> even hand, and 
mind their hits, ox elfe I'd have them to know there's rods 
in pifs for *em. They that urge me too far (hall rue for 
it j make yburfelf honey, and the flies "will eat you* 
Indeed, my lord governor, faid the fteward, your lord-* 
flupis much in the right in all you have iaid $ and I dare 
engage for the inhabitants of this. ifland, < that they will 
obey and obferve your commands, with diligence, love, 
and punctuality j. far your gentle way of governing in the 
beginning of your ad mi nitration, does not give them 
the lead opportunity to act, or but to defign, any thing to ' 
your lordihip*8 difadvantage. I believe as .much, an* 
faer'd Sancho, and they would be filly wretches, Jhould 
they offer to do or think otherwife. Let me tell you too, 
'tis my plcafare you take care of. me, and my Dapple, 
that we may both have our food as we ought, which is 
the moft material buiinefs. Next, let us think of going 
the rounds, when 'tis timefor me to do it ; for I intend ta 
clear this ifland of all filth-and rubbiiK, of all rogues and 
vagrants, idle luiks and (hu*dy beggars. For I would 
have you to know, my good friends, that your floth- 
ful, laay, fewd A people in a commonwealth, are like 
drones in a bee-hive, that wafte and devour the honey 

_ L 3 which 

nrvios, in bis etymologies, derives it frcm poderofo, 
powerful ; hecaufe dli the ingredients are fubfiantud and 
nourijbing J ana this is confined fy $an$9* fddifig, tW 
ftrdnget they arc th; bc««x, 

j 14 The life andntthievemmts 

which the labouring bees gather. I defign to encourage 
hufbandaien, pmftrve'the privileges of the gentry, re- 
ward virtuous per fota, and, above alt things, reverence re- 
ligion, and have regard to the honouf of religion* men. 
What think ye* of this, my good friends ? do I talk 
to the purpofe, or' do- 1 talk idly ? You- foeak fb well, 
my lord go*ctflor, anfwer'd the (toward, that I fhnd in 
aduilration tehear a- man fo unlettered as you are (for 
I believe your loidf&ip can't read at afi) titter fo many 
notable things^ *nd ib every word a fefttehoe j far from 
what they whVftnt yon hither, and -they vfho are here 
preient, ever efcpeQed from your- undemanding. But 
every day produces fome new wonder, jenVare tara'd 
Into cameft, and ihofe who defignM to laugh at others, 
happen to be langk'd at themftlvee: 

It being now night, and the governor -having ftppM, 
with Doctor Ketid's leave, he preparM to walk the 
rounds, and -let forward, attended by the Reward, the 
Jecretary, the- gentleman.wafter, die hiftoriographer 
who was to regifter iris a&s, fcveral ferjeanta and other 
)iinbs of the hew, fo many in number, that they made 
a little battalion, in the middle of which the neat Safe- 
fho iriarchM «widi his rod of jufHee m his hand, in a no- 
table manner. They had not walfc'd far is the town, 
fcefore they heard the darning of {words, which made 
Vm haften to the place whence the noife came. Be- 
ing come thither, they found only two Jhea a fighting, 
who gave over, perceiving the officers* 1 What rcry*d one 
«*f them at the fame time) do they fairer folks to be 
*>bb'd in this town in defiance of heaven .and the king f 
do they let men be ftrrap'd in the middle of the ftreet r 
Hold, honeft man, laid Sancho, have a Ettje patience, 
and let me know the occafion of this frajr, for I -am the 
governor. -My ford, -Aid the other party, Fir* tell yoa 
in lew words : your lord/hip muft know, that this gen- 
tleman, jnft now, it a-gaxning oxdinaryojcex- the way r 
won above a thouiand reals, heaven knows how : I Hood 
by all the while, and gave judgment for him in more 
than one doubtful caft, though I could not well tell tow 
it IftConJcieAce, fie carried offhifi Winnings, and 

of the remwrtd DonQvixorz. iij> 

^mHkb I expeded be would have given me a crown gra- 
««ity », as it is a claim among gentlemen of my fa/hion, 
who frequent gaming ordinaries, from thofc that play 
high and win, for preventing quarrels, being at their 
backs, and giving judgment right or wrong, nevcrthelefs 
lie went away without giving me any thing : I ran after 
hin, not very well pleafed with his proceeding, yet very 
civilly defiVd him to conjider I was his friend, that he 
knew me to be a gentleman, though fallen to decay, 
that had nothing to live upon, my friends having 
brought me up to no employment j and therefore I 
intreated him to be fo kind as to give me eight reals } 
but the itingy foul, a greater thjef than Cacus, and a 
worie /harper than Andradilla, would give me but fheak- 
ing four reals. And now, my lord, you may fee how 
little frame and conference there Yin him* But 'jfaith, 
had not your lerdmip come juft in the nick;, I would have 
made him bring up- his winnings, and taught him the 
difference between a rook and a jack-daw. What lay 
yon to this, cry*d Sancho to the other ? The other 
made anfwex, that he could not deny what his antagonift 
had faid, that he would give him but four reals, becaufe 
he had given him money feveral times before } and they 
who expect the benevolence, flioa'd be mannerly, and 
be thankful for what is given them, without haggling 
with thofc that have won, unlefs they know 'em to be 
common cheats, and the money not won fairly) and 
that to fhew he was a fair gamefter, and no (harper, as 
the other faid, there needed no better proof than his re- 


* Barato 5 it originally fgnifes cheap 5 but, among/I 
gamejkrs, dar barato is, when a winning gamefier, Joy 
Way of courtefy, or for fame other reafon, gives fometbing 
to aftander-by. And this in Spain is a common praBice 
among all ranks of people, and many live upon it $ for it it 
qcpe&ed as due, and fometimes, to make the reward tba 
greater, tbeje rajuth give judgment wrongfully fir tb* 

1 1 6 The life and atMtvtmenU 

fuial to give him any thing, fince the (harpers are always 
in fee with thefe bully-rocks who know 'em, and winlc 
at their cheats. That's true, (aid the fteward : now 
what would* your lord/hip have us to do with thefe men ? 
I'll teli you, faid Sancho, Firft, you that are the winner, 
whether by fair play or by foul, give your bully-back here 
a hundred reals immediately, and thuty more for the 
poor prifoners : and you that have nothing to live on, 
and were brought up to no employment, and go (harping 
up and down from place to placej pmy^take your hundred 
reals, and be fure by to-morrow to gp out of this ifland, 
and not to fet foot in it again thefe ten years and a day, 
unlefs you have a mind to make an end of your baniih- 
ment in another world ; for if I £i)d ^you here, I will 
make you fwingon a gibbet, with tho help of the hang- 
man; away, and let no body offer to . reply, or I'll lay 
him by the. heels. Thereupon the one difhurs'd, and 
the other received 5 the firft went home, and the laft 
went out of the ifland ; and then the governor going on, 
either I mall want of my will, faid he, or Til put down 
thefe diforderly gaming-houfes j for I have a fancy they 
are highly prejudicial. As for this houfe in queftion, 
faid one of the officers* I fuppofe it will he a hard matter 
Co put it down, for it belongs to a per ion of quality, 
who lofes a great deal more by play at the year's end, 
than he gets by his cards. You may (hew your autho- 
rity againft other gaming- houfes of lefs note, that do 
more mifchief, and harbour more dangerous people than 
(he houfes of gentlemen and perfons of quality, where 
your notorious (harpers dare not ufe their (fights of hand. 
And fince gaming is a vice that is become a common 
practice, 'tis better to plaj in good gentlemen's houfes, 
than in thofe of under officers, where they (hall draw you 
in a poor bubble, and after they have kept him playing 
all the night long, fend him away (tripp'd naked to the 
ftin. Well, all in good time, (aid Sancho : I know 
there's a great deal to be faid in this matter. At the 
lame time one of .he officers came holding a youth, and 
having brought him before the governor j An't pleafe 
your worflup, (aid he, this young man was coming to* 


of tht renowned Don Quixote, i 17 

•wards us, but as foeto as he perceiv*d it was the rounds, 
he fteer'd off, and fet a running as fail as his legs would 
carry him 5 a fign he's no better than he fliould be. 1 
tan after him, but had not he happened to fall., I had 
aeyer cosne us) with him. What made you xun away, 
friend ? faid Sancho. Sir, anfwer'd the young man, 
'twas only to avoid the queftkms one is commonly teiz*d 
with by the watch. What bufinefs d'fou follow ? afk'd 
Sancho. I am a weaver by trade, anfwer'd the other. 
A weaver of what ? afk'd the governor. Of fteel heads 
for lances, with your wbrwip's good leave, faid t'other. 
Oh hoh, cry'd Sancho, you are a wag I find, and pre- 
tend to pafs your Jefts upon us : Very well. And pray 
whither are you going at this time of night? To take the 
air, an* t like your worftlp, anfwerM the other. Good, * 
kid Sancho, and where do they take the air in this 
ifland ? Where it blows, (aid the youth. A very pro- 
per anfwer, cry*d Sancho. You are a very pretty itnpu~ 
dent feHow, that's the truth on't. But pray make ac- 
count that I am the air, or the wind, which you pleafl, 
and that I blow in your poop, and drive you to tht 
round-houie. — Here — take him and carry him away 
thither to rights :' I'll take care the youngfter (hall fleeo 
out of the ah* tonight j he might catch cold elfe by lying 
abroad. Before George, faid the young man, you Hull a* 
feon make me a king as make me deep out of the air to- 
night. Why, you young flip-ftring, (aid Sancho, is it not 
in my power to commit thee to prifon, and fetch thee out 
again, as often as 'tis 4 my will and pleafure ? For alt 
your power, anfwer'd the fellow, ' you (han't make me 
deep in prifon. Say you fo, cry'd Sancho, Here, away 
with him to prifon, and let mm fee to his coft who is 
miftaken, he or 1 5 and left the jaylor mould be greas'4 
in the fift to let him out, I'll fine him two thou/and du- 
cats if he let thee ftir a foot out of prifon. All that's 
a jeft, (aid the other; for I defy all mankind to make 
me fleep this night in a prifon. Tell me, devil incar- 
nate, faid Sancho, haft thou feme angel to take off the 
irons which Til have thee clapp'd in, and get thee out ? 
Well, now, my good loid governor, (faid the young ma 


.Ii8 • .The life and achievements 

verypleafantly) let us talk reafon, and come to the point. 
Suppofe your lordfhip fhould fend me to jail, and get roc 
laid by the heels in the dungeon, {hackled and mana- 
cled, and lay a heavy penalty on the jaylor in cafe he kc 
' me out j and fuppofe your orders be ftrictly obey'd j yet 
for all that, if I have no mind to fleep, but will keep 
awake all night without fo much as wutting my eyes, 
pray can you. with all the power you have, make 
me fleep whether I will or no j> No certainly, (aid the 
fecretary, and the young man has made out his meaning. 
'Well, /aid Sancho, but I hope you mean to keep your- 
felf awake, and only forbear deeping to pleafe your own 
fancy, and not to thwart my will. I mean nothing elfe 
indeed, my lord, faid the lad. Why then go home and 
fleep, quoth ' Sancho, and^heaven lend thee good reft. 
1*11 not be (hy hindrance. But have a care another 
time of fporting with jufticej for you may meet with 
forne men jn an office, that may cnanee to break your 
liead, while you are breaking your jell. The youth 
went his way, and the governor continued his round*. 
' A while after came two of the officers, bringing a per- 
fon alone with them. My lord governor, faid one of 
'em, we have brought here one that- s dreis'd like a roan, 
yet is no man, but a female, and no ugly one neither. 
Thereupon they lifted up to her eyes, two or three lan- 
thorns, and by their light difcovered the face ef a wo* 
man about fixteen years of age, beautiful to admiration, 
with her hair put up in a network caul of gold and green 
fi\k. They examined her'drefs from head to foot, and 
found that her ftockings were of carnation iilk, and her 
garters of white taffeta, fring'd with gold and pearls. 
Her breeches were of gold tiflue, upon a green ground, 
and her coat of the fame fturT; under which fhe wore 
a doublet of very fine ftufT gold and white. Her Qxces 
were' white,' and made like mens* She had no fwoid, 
but only a very rich dagger, and feveral coftly rings on 
her fingers. In a word, the young creature feem'd vat 
lovely to 'em all, but not one of 'em knew her. Thole 
of the company who liv'd in the town, could not ima- 
gine who fhe was $ and thofe who were privy to all the 


tf the renowri A Don Quixote, iig 

tricks that were to b? put upon Sancho, were more at a 
fofs than the reft, well knowing that this adventure was 
not of their own contriving ; which put them in great 
etpe&ation of. the event. Sancho was furpriz'd at her 
heauty, and aflc'd her who me was, whether me was go- 
ing, and upon what account (he had put on fach a drefs ? 
Sir, faid fee (cafting her eyes on the ground with a de- 
cent baftfalnefs) I can't tell you before fo many people, 
what I have fo much reafon to wift may be kept a fe- 
tfet Only this one thing I do allure you, I am no thief, 
nor evil-minded perfon ; but an unhappy maid, whom 
the force of jealoufy has conftrain'd to tranfgrefs the 
hws of maiden decency. The fteward hearing this, My 
tort governor, faid he, be pleased to order your atten- 
dants to retire, that the gentlewoman may more freely 
tell her mind. The governor did accordingly, and all 
the company remov'd at a diftsfoce, except the fteward, 
the gentleman-waiter, and the fecretary 5 and then the 
young lady thus proceeded, 

I am the daughter of Pedro Perez Majorca, farmer of 
the wool in this town, who cames very often to my fa- 
ther's houfe. This will hardly pais, Madam, faid the s 
feward, for I know Pedro Perez vary well, and I am 
fore he has neither Ton nor daughter : befides you tell us 
he's your rather; and at the fame' time that he comes 
'cry often to your father's houfe. I obferv'd as much, 
ftd Sancho. Indeed, gentlemen, faid ffie, I am now 
fo troubled in mind, that I know not what I fay, but 
ue truth is, I am the daughter of Diego de la Liana, 
*kom I fuppofe you all know, Now this may pafs, 
fro* the fteward. for I know Diego dela Liana, who is 
* very coAfiderable' gentleman, has a good eftate, and a 
»n fed a daughter. But fince his wife dy'd, no body fa 
this town can fay he ever faw that daughter, for he. 
Keeps her fo clefe, that he hardly furrersthe fun to 
Jp°k «n her j though indeed the common report is, that 
"»e han extraordinary beauty. You fay very true, Sir, 
w ptyd the young lady $ and I am that very daughter 5 
» for ray -beauty, if fame has given a wrcng character 
of it, yoa wiU now be nadeceiv'd, fince jou have fee 


iaa ^ 77m life and achievement* 

my face ; and with this /he burft out into tear*. Th* 
fccrctary perceiving this, whifper'd the gentleman-waiter 
in the ear: Sure, (aid he, fome extraordinary matter 
muft have happened to this poor young lady, fines it could 
oblige one- of her quality m come out of doors in this 
difguifiv and* at this unfeajbnable hour. That's without 
queftion, anfwer'd the other j for her tears too confirm 
the fiifpicion. Sancho comforted her with the beft rea- 
sons he could think on $ and hid her not be afraid, but 
tell 'em what had befal'n her, for they would all really 
do whatever lay in their power to make her eafy. 
, You muft, know, gentlemen, (aid ihe, that 'tis-nev 
ten years that my father has kept me clofe, ever fine* 
my mother dy'd. We have a finall chapel richly a- 
dorn'd in the houfe, where we hear mafs ; and in ail 
that time I have feen nothing hut the fun by day, and 
the moon and fbrs by night* neither do I know what 
Greets, fquares;. market-places, and churches are, no 
nor men, except my father, my brother, and that Pe- 
dro. Perez the wooi- farmer, whom I at firft would btve 
paftM upon you for my father, that I might conceal the 
right. This confinement (not being allow'd to fbr 
abroad, though but to go to church) has made me 
uneafy, this great while; and made me long- to fee the 
world, or at ieaft the town where I was bora, which I 
thought was no unlawful -or unicemly defire* When I 
.heard 'em talk of bull-feafb, prtee«> acting of filars, 
and other publkk fports, lajk'd my brother, who it a 
year younger than I, what they meant by thofe thinffc- 
and a world of othen, which} I have not feen } and hfr 
informM me as well afr he could :*but that made IK 
but ■ the more eager to be fatisfy*d by my own eye* I* 
ihort, Xbegg'd'of my brother— I: wifh I never had dote it 
^an&here me rclaps'd into tears. Tbeftcwaidpenriviot 
V $ Come* madam* laid he, pvay proceed, and make an eaf 
of .-telling us what has hagpen'd to you ; for your ww* 
and your teas keep, us all in fufpenee k I have but fs* 
words more to add, aniwerM fhe> but many sacfffttesfr 
tofhedj for they ate commonly tbet^t oi fucfriaaj fr - 
J «nt dehres. 


if the renown' d Don Qp ixot E . nt 

That gentleman of the duke's, who acled the part of 
Sancho's fewer, or gentleman-waiter, and was fmitten 
with the young lady' 8 charms, could not forbear lifting 
up bis lanthorn to get another look ; and as he view'd 
her with a lover's eye, the tears that trickled down her 
cheeks, feeroM to him fo many pearls, or feme of the 
heavenly dew on a fair drooping flower, precious as ori- 
ental gems. This made him wifh that the misfortune 
might not be fl> great as her fighs and tears befpoke it. 
As for the governor, he (rood fretting to hear her hang 
fo long upon her frory ; and therefore bid her make an 
end, and keep 'em no longer thus, for if; was late, and 
they had a great deal of ground to walk over yet. There- 
«pon> with broken fobs, and half-fetch 1 d fighs, Sir, 
feid (he, all. my misfortune is, that I defiVd my bro- 
ther to lend me fome of his cloaths, and that he would 
take me out fome night or other to fee all the town, 
while our father was aileep. Importun'd by my intrea- 
ticsv he confented, and having tent me his clothe*, he 
put on mine, which fit him as if they had been made for 
him; for he hasno\>eard at all, and makes a mighty 
handfome woman. So this very night, about an hour 
ago, we got out,- and being guided by my father's foot* 
boy, and our own unruly defjresi we took a ramble over 
the whole town ; and at we were going home, we per- 
eeiv'd a great number of people coming our way ] where- 
upon, faid my brother, Sifter, this is certainly the watch ; 
fellow me, and let us not only ran, but Ay as faft as we 
ran, forifwewotild be known, 'twoold be the worfe 
for us,' With that he fell a running as faft as if he had 
wings to his feet. I fell a running too, but was 
fo frighted, that I fell down before I Had gone half 
a dozen fteps ; and then a man overtook me, and 
brought me before yon, and this croWd of people, by 
whom, to my ihame, I am taken for an ill creature ; a 
bold Indifcreet night-walker. And has nothing befallen 
you but this, cryM Sancho '? you talk*d at firft of fome 
iwfonfy, that had ftt you a gadding. Nothing elfe in- 
deed, anfwer'd the damfel 5 though I pretended 'ealouiV 
I ventur'd out on* Bo other, account but a little to 
Vot. JV. M 

1*2*2 . Tie life andatckisviments 

the work), and that too no further than the ftxtets of 
this town. Ail this was afterwards confirmM by her 
brother, who now was brought by Come of the watch, 
one of whom had at laft overtaken him, after he 
had left his fifter. He had nothing on but a very rich 
petticoat,, and a blue damaJk manteau, with a gold gal- 
loon $ his. head- without any ornament, but his own hair, 
that hung down in natural curls like fo many ring? of 
gold. The governor, the fteward, and the gentleman- 
waiter took him afide, and after thev had examined him 
apart, why he had put on that drefs, he gave the lame 
anfwer his filler had done, and with no lefs baihfulnc& 
and concern,, much to the fatisfa&ion of the gentleman- 
waiter, who was much fmitten with the young lady* 

As for the governor, after he had heard the whofemattgr, 
truly, gentlefolks, faid he, here's a little piece of childilh 
folly : and- to give an account of this wild frelkk, aad 
flip of youth, there needed not all thefe fighs and tears, 
nor thefe hems and haughs, and long excuiea. CoaM 
not you,, without any more ado, nave laid, our names. 
ar.e k> and fo, and we ftole out of our father** houfe far 
an hour or .two, only to ramble about the town, aod 
Jatisfy a little curiofity, and there had been an end of the 
ftory, without all this weeping and. wailing ? Yon say 
Tery well, laid the young damfel, but yon may imagine 
that in the trouble and fright I was in, I could not be* 
have my felf as I ihould have done. Well, faid Saacho, 
there's- no harm done ; go along with us, and we'll fee 
you horn* to your father's, perhaps you. mayn't yet be 
mifs'df But have a care how you gad abroad to ice fa- 
shions another time. Don't be too venturefome. An 
hoaeft maid mould be frill at home, as if ue had one 
leg broken. A hen and a woman are loft by rambling ; 
and the that longs to lee, longs alio to be ieen. I need 
lay no more* 

' ( The young gentleman thank'd the governor for his 
civility, and then went home under his conduct. Being 
come to the houfe, the young fpark threw a little ftoae 

~-'u|t one, of the tfoa-barr'd windows j and pre&atjy 

a mid 

tf the renewri *d Dm Quixote. 123 

a mud (ervant, who fat up for 'em, came down, openM 
the door, Mid let him and his fitter in. 

The governor with hit company then contjmi'dhls 
rounds, talking all the way they went, of the genteel 
carriage and beauty of the brother and fifter, and the 
great defire thefe poor children had to lee the world by 
flight. . . 

As for the gentleman-waiter, he was fo psffionatery 
in love, that he refolded to go the next day, and de- 
mand her of her rather in marriage, not doubting but 
the old gentleman would comply with him, as he was 
eae of the duke's principal fenrants. On the other fide, 
Saocho had a great mind to Alike a match between the 
young man and his daughter Sanchica j and he sefolved 
to bring it about as foon as poffibk j believing no man** 
fa cooJd think himself too good for a governor's daugh- 
ter. At bft bis round ended for that night, and hrsgo» 
vernment two or three days after ; which alfo pot an 
tag to aU his great defigns and expectations, as shall be 




-Ma CHAP* 

124 t the life and atchteotmentt 


Who the inchanten and executioners were that whiff? I 
the duenna, and finch* d and fcratttfd Don Quixote ; 
with the fuccefs of the page that' carried Sancbot 
Utter to bit wife Terefa Panga. 

CI D Hamer, the moft punctual enquirer into die 
minuteft particles of this authentick hiftory, re- 
lates, that when Donna Rodriguez was going out of her 
•chamber to Don Quixote 1 s apartment, another old wait* 
ing -woman that lay with her perceiv'4 it : and as cat 
of the chief pieafures of all thofe female implements coor 
ilfts in enquiry, prying, and running their notes into 
every thing, (he prefendy watch'd her fellow-fenraat's 
motions, and followed her (o cautioufly, that 'the good 
woman did not difcover it. Now Donna Rodriguez rat 
no fooner got into the knight's chamber, but the other, 
left (he mould forfeit her character of a true tattltns 
waiting- woman, flew to tell the duchefs in her ear, that 
Donna Rodriguez was in Don Quixote's chamber. The 
duchefs told the duke, and having got his leave to take 
Altifidora With her, and go to (atisfy her curiofity about 
this night-vifit/they very filently crept along in the dark, 
till they came to Don Quixote's door, and as they flood 
liftning there, overheard very tafily every word theyfud 
within. So that when the duchefs heard her leaky wo- 
man expofe the fountains * of her iffues, (he was not 
able to contain, nor was Altifidora lefs provok'd. Foil 
of rage and greedy revenge, they runVd into the cham- 

* El Iranjuez, in the original. It it a royal garde*, 
near Madrid, famous for it** fountains and water-wsrku 
The metaphor is too far fetched for an Englijb tratjU* 

eftbi rtnwm'd Don Qa i xroi . 125 

to, and beat the duenna, sod claw'd the Icaight, at 
has beta related. For tbofe affronting rxpreffions that 
are JevelTd againft the beauty of women, or the good 
opinion of tbemfehres, ratte their anger and indignation 
to the htgbeft degree, and incenie them to a defire of re- 

The duchefs diverted the duke with an account of 
what had pafs*d 5 and having a mighty mind to continue 
the merriment which Don Quixote's extravagancies af- 
forded 'cm, the page that alted the part of Dulcinee, 
when 'twas proposed to end her mchantment, was dif- 
patch*d away to Terete Panca, with * letter from her 
haJband, (for Sancho having hit head full of hi« govern- 
ment, had mifee forget to do it) and at the fame time 
the dochefi fen* another from herielf, with a large coftly 
firing of coral, asaprefcnt. 

Now the ftory tells us, that the page was a (harp and 
ingenious lad> and being very defirous to pleafe his lord 
and lady, made the beft of hit way to bancho's vttftege. 
When he came near the place, he Jaw a company of fe- 
males wafting at a. brook, and anVd'cm, whether they 
could inform him, if there liv'd net in that town a 
woman whofe name was Terek Panca, wife to one San- 
cho Panes, firaire to a knight call'd Don Quixote de la 
Maacha ? he had no fooner aJk'd the qucftion, but a 
young wench, that was warning among the reft, flood 
»p : That Terefa Panca is my mdther, quoth fee t 
That gaffer Sancho is my own father, and that £une 
height our mafter. Well then, damfel, fail the page; 
pray go along with me,* and bring me to your mother \ 
for I have a setter and a token here tor her from your 
*ther. That 1 will with all my heart, Sir, find the 
girl, who feemM to be about fourtear years of age, lit* 
tie more or left j and with that, leaving the clothes 
&e was wa&iaftv to 6B * of her companions, without 
tying to drefs her head, or put on her dines, away 
fte fpnmg before the page's bode, bat*-legg*d, and with 
her hair about her ears. Come along, «n*t pleafe you* 
qsoth fee, ourkoufe it Jiaffd by $ 'tis but juft asyov 
come ii$o the 'town, «nd my mother's at hosfce, putbrir 

M 3 ' 

1 26 • " fht life and atchiivemintf 

full of forrow, poor foul, for me bar not heard fpota my 
father I don't know how long. Well, &id the page, I 
bring thofe tidings that will chear her heart, I war- 
rant her. At laft, what with leaping, running, and 
jumping, the girl being come to thehouie, Mother, mo- 
ther, (cry'd /he as loud as file could, before fhe went in) 
come out, mother, come out ! here's a gentleman has 
brought letter* and token* from my rather* At that 
fummons, out came the mother, (pinning a lock of 
coarfe flax, with a ruflet petticoat about her, fo (hott, 
tha; ** look'd as if it had been cut off at the placket ; 
a waiftcoat of the fame, and her fmock hanging loofe 
about it. Take her otherwife, ihe was none of the ©Weft, 
but lookM foraewhat turn'd of forty, ftrong built, 
finewy, hale, vigorous, and in good cafe. What's the 
matter, girl? (quoth me, feeing her daughter with the 
page) what gentleman is that ? A fervant of your lady- 
ship's, my lady Terela Panca, anfwer'd the page 5 and 
at the fame time alighting, and throwing himfelf at her 
feet with the moft humble fubtniflion, My noble lady 
Donna Terela, said he, permit roe^the honour to kits 
your ladymip's hand, as you are the only legitimate wife 
of my lord Don Sancho Panca, proper governor of the 
ifiand of Barataria* Alack-a-day, good Sh> quoth Te- 
refa, what d'you do ? by no means s I am none of your 
court-dames, but a poor filly country body, a plough* 
man's daughter, the wife indeed of a fqutre-errant, but 
ao ^governor. Your ladyihip, reply'd the page, is the 
moft worthy wife of a thrice-worthy governor j and for 
proof of what I- (ay, be pleas*d to receive this letter, and 
this prefect : with that he took out of his pocket a 
firing of coral heads fet in gpld, and putting it about her 
neck : This letter, faid he, is from his honour the go- 
vernor, and another that I have for you, together with 
thefe beads, are from her grace the lady ducheia, wha 
lends me now to your bdyfhip. 
: Terek flood amaz'd, and her daughter was trans- 
ported. Now I'll be hang'd, quoth the young baggage, 
if our mafter, Don Quixote, be not at the bottom of 
this, Ay, this is his doing, hff Jus grvca my father 


of the retmund Don Qvikote. 127 

that feme government or earldom he has promised him 
to many times. You iky right, anfaer'd the page : 
*Tis for the lord Don Quixote's lake that the lord 
Sancho is now governor of the iuand of Barataria, 
a* the letter will inform you. Good Sir, quoth Te~ 
fti** read it me, an't like your worfhip } for tho* 
1 can fpto, I can't read a jot: Nor I neither, 
e'fackins, cry'd Sanchica } but do but ftay a little, 
and I'll go fetch xine that mall, either the batche- 
lor Sampfon Carralco, or our parfon hiroielf, who'll 
come with all their hearts, to hear news of my father. 
You may fpare your (elf the trouble, laid the page ; for 
though I cannot fpin, yet I can read ; and 1*11 read it to 
y< : with that he read the letter which is now omitted, 
becaufe it has been inferted before. That done, he pull'd 
out another from the duchefs, which runs as follows. 

Friend Tar/a, 

YOUR bitjband Sanebo's good farts, bis wit, 
and boncfty, obliged mr to defire the duke my bvf* 
fond, to beftow on bim tbe government ofom of bis ijlands, 
I am inform d be it as /barf as a bowk in bis office 5 for 
which 1 am very glad, as well as my lord duke, and re- , 
turn heaven many tbanks, tbat J have not been deceived 
»» making choice of bim for tbat preferment. Forysu mufi 
know, Signiora Tirofa, *tis a difficult thing to mtct with 
* &°°d governor in this world } and may beaven make me 
"good as Sancho proves in bis government. 

I have fent you, my dear friend, a firing of coral 
heads, ft sn gold ; J could wtjh they 'were oriental pearls 
for your fake j but a f mall token may not binder a great 
sue. The time will come when viefbaUbe better acquainted \ 
and when we have conversed together, who knows what 
nay come to paft t commend me to your daughter Sancbica, 
o*d bid her from me to be in a readinefs ; fif I dejign to 
marry her greatly wljenjbe leafi thinks of it, 

J underftand you*have fine large acorns in your town j 
fray fend me a dozen cr two of y em ; I /hall fit a greater 
value upon y ent, as coming from your bands. And pray 
ht m bav* a p»d kng Utter, fie* *" *»<*" *° 

128 The Ufeani atchievments 

yon d$ } *nd if you have ocea/Sa* fir *ny thing* *«or 
but a/k snd b*ve ; / (ball eve* httiv yur muuu'gg 
fy yw gaf**g+ So heaven pteftnoe you. 

From this Tmr hvtmg Jmmi % 


Blefs me, quoth Tere& r whenihe had beard die let- 
ter, what a goofl lady's this ! not a bit of pride in her ! 
Heaven grant me to be buried with fuch ladies, and net 
with fuch proud madams as we have in our town, wha 
becaufe they are gentlefolks forfooth, think the wind 
muft not blow upon 'em, hot come flaunting to church, 
as ftately as if they were queens. It ieems they think 
it fcorn to look on a. poor country woman/ c but la yoa 
here's a good lady, who, though flie be a duchefs, calls 
me her friend, and ufes me as if I were as high as her 
felf. Well, may I fee her as high as the higheft fteeple 
in the whole country ! as for the acorns fiie writes 
for, mailer o'mine, I'll fend her good ladyihip a whole 
peck, and fuch fwindging acorns, that every body ft all 
come to admire 'em far and near* And now, Sanchica, 
fee that the gentleman be made welcome, and want for 
nothing. Take care of his horfe. Run to the Gable, 
get fome eggs, cut fame bacon ; he fhall rare like a 
prince : the rare news he has brought us, and his good 
looks deferve no left. >f ean while I'll among my neigh- 
bours i I can't hold. I muft run and tell 'em the news ; 
our good curate too dull know it, and mafter Nicholas 
the barber ; for they have all along been thy father's 
friends. Ay, do, mother, faid the daughter ; butihark 
you, you muft give me half the beads $ for I dare iky, 
the great lady knows better things than to give them all 
to you. 'Tis all thy own, child, cry'd the mother j 
but let me wear it a few days about my neck ; for tho* 
canft not think how it rejoices the> very heart of ne. 
You will rejoice more presently, »fiud the page, when 
you fee what I have got in my portmande j a fine /nit 
of green dotb# which the governor wore but one day a 


cftht renown' d Dm Quixote. 129 

hunting, and ha*, here ferit to my lady Santhka. Oh 
the Lord love him, cry'd Sanchtca, and the fine 
gentleman that brings it me ! 

Prefentiy, away ran Terefa with the beads about her 
neck, and the letters in her hand, all the while playing 
with her fingers on the papers, (as if they had been a 
timbrel) and meeting* by chance the curate and the bat- 
chelor Carrafco, fhe fell a dancing and frilking about ; 
Faith and troth, cry*d Ae, we are all made now. Not 
one Jmall body in all our kindred. We have got a poor 
thing callM a government. And now let die proodeft 
of 'em all toft op her nofe at me, and 1*11 give 
her as good as Jbe brings, I'll make hec know her di- 
stance. How now,- Terefa, laid the curate f what mad 
fit is this ? What papers are thofe in your band ? No 
mad fit at all, aojwerM Terefa ; but theft are letters 
from ducheffes and governors, . and thefe beads about 
my neck are right coral, the Ave-Maties I mean j and 
the Pater-Nofters are of beaten gold, and Fin a madam 
governed I'll affaire ye. Verily, faid the curate, there's 
no under&aading you, Terefa, we don* t know what you 
mean. There's 1 what will clear the 'riddle, quoth Tere- 
fa, and with that foe gave 'em the letters. Thereupon 
the curate having read 'em aloud, that 3ampfon Carrafco 
might alfo be inform' d, they both flood and look'd on 
one another a and were more at a lofs than before. The 
bachelor aik'd her who brought the letter f Terefa told 
them they might go- home with her and fee : 'twas a 
fweet handforoe young man* as fine as any thing ; and 
that he had brought her another prefect worth twice as 
much. The curate took the ft ring of beads from Her 
neck, and view'd. it (everal times over, and finding that 
it was a thing of value, he could not conceive the mean- 
ing of all this. By the habit that I wear, cry'd he, I 
cannot tcjl what to think of this bufmeis.* In the firft 
place, Iamconvinc'd thefe beads are right coral and 
gold ; and in the .next, here's a duchefs tends to beg a- 
dozen vr two of acorns. Crack that nut if you car^ faid 
Sampfon Carrafco* But come, let** go to fee the mef- 

fcnger, and probably he'll clear our doubts, 

• ' Thereup 

.130 The life mi atchievmenu 

Thereupon going with Terefa, they found the pi 
lifting a tittle pom for hie horfe, andSanchica cutting j 
ra/hcr * of bacon to be fry'd with eggs for his di 
They both kVd the page's mien and his garb, and 
the ufual compliments, Sampfon dcsVd him to Ceil *< 
some news of Don Quixote and Sancho Panea ; 
though they had read a letter firooa the latter to his 
and another from the duchess, they wese no better 
riddles to 'cm, nor could they imagine how 
would come by a government, efpeciallyof an 
well knowing that all the iflands in the Meditetraneajv] 
or the greatcft part of *em, were the king's. 

Gentlemen, anfarer'd the page, 'tis a certain truth, 
■that Signtor Sancho Panca is a governor, but whether it 
be of an tfand or not, I do not pretend to determine : 
but this I can afiure you, that he commands in a town 
that hat above a thoufand inhabitants. And as for my 
lady djucheii's lending to a country-woman for a few 
acorns, thatf s no fuch wonder j for ihe is fo free from 
pride, that I have known her fend to borrow a comb of 
one of her neighbours. You muft 'know, our ladies of 
Arragon, though they ate as noble as thofe of CafHle, do 
not ftand .fo much upon formalities and punctilio's 5 nei- 
ther do they take fo much ftate upon *em, but treat peo- 
ple with more familiarity. 

. While they were thus dtfeourfing, in came Santhks 
flapping, with her lap full of eggs'; and turning to the 
page, Pray Sir, tasd me, tell me, does my father wear 
trunk-breeches f now he's a governor f Truly, laid the 

Stge, I never minded it, but without doubt he does, 
h geraini ! cry'd the young wench, what would not I 
give to fee my father in his trunk-breeches ! Is it not a 
fhange thing, that ever fince I can remember my felf, I 

# In the original it is, catting a rafter to fry, and to 
pave it with eggs. i. e. eggs laid as cleft together in the 
frying-fan y as fcbblts in a pavement. 

•f In the origin*] calcas atacadas* TeW are brercba 
andfieckings aft -in erne, and lacea\ cr claffd y or tied to 
the girdle. ... 


of tfo r/**wn* J Don Qvxxote. r$t 

haw wttYd to Cot my lather in trmik-bieechw. You' 11 
fee him as yeu'<Fhawe him, (aid the page, if your lady- 
ftip does but Irvc. Odstiik, if his government holds 
but two months, you'U ice him go with an umbrella 
over his head. 

The curate and the batehelor plainly perorfv'd that 
the page did but laugh at the mother and daughter ; but 
yet the coftly firing «f beads; and the bunting fuit, 
which by this time Terefa had let *em fee, confounded 
'em again* In the mean while they-could not forbear 
fmiliag at Sanchica's odd fancy, and mush left at what 
her mother raid. Good matter curate,' quoth me, do fo 
much as inquire whether any of our neighbours are go- 
ing to Madrid or Toledo. I'd hare *em buy me a huge- 
ous farthingale, of the newcft and snoft cotrrtW fashion, 
and the very finift that can be got for money ; for by my 
holy dame, I mean to credit my hufband's government 
is much as I can $ and if they ve* me, I'll hi« me to 
that fame court, and ridssjn my coach too at weH as the 
beft of 'em ^ for Jhe that is a governor's lady, may very 
well afford to hare one. rare mother, cry'd Sanchiea> 
would 'twere to night before to-morrow. Mayhap, 
when they law me fitting in our coach by my lady mo-- 
the-, they would jeer and flout j hook, look, would 
they lay, yonder' s goody trollop, the plough-jobber** 
beam ! how /he flaunts it, and goes ye fatting hi her 
coach like a little Pope Joan-*, : But what would 1 care ? 
let 'em trudge on in tti dirt, while I ride by in my 
coach. Shame and ill-luck go along with all yoor little" 
backbiting (crabs* Let them laugh? that win $ the curs'd 

fox thrives the better. Am I not in- the right, mother ? 
Ay, marry art thou, child, quoth Tcrcfe $ and indeed 

my good honey Sancho has often told me, ail thefe good 

" — r - ■ ii - ■— . ii i i I i ii. i i i 

• Papefa. AjbePope. Our tranflatvrs* finsjarms, 
ban rendered this Pope Joan. But adds h*> there is mar* 
tumour in making the country people f+ ignorant , of to be* 
Utvt the Pope baa\ if not a wife, a conwbine, as many of 
the great clergy bad, tbantn fuffofng they bad ever beard 
i Pope Joan. ^^ 

1$2 The life and atchievemtnts 

things*' and many more would come to pafs ; and tfioa 
/halt fee, daughter, 1*11 lievtr reft till I get to le a coca- 
tefe. There muft be a beginning in all thing6, as I hare 
heard itfaid-by thy father, who's alfo the father of pro. 
verbs, when a cow's given thee, nift and take her with a 
halter. When they give thee a government take it ; 
when an earldom, catch it ; and when they wbsftk * 
to thee with a good girt, fnap at it. That which fs good 
to give, is good to take, girl. *Twere a pretty fancy, 
trow, to lie footing a bed, and when good-luck knocks, 
not to rife and. open the door. Ay, quoth Sanchka, 
what is*t to me, -though they mould fay all they've a 
mind to fay. When they fee me fo tearing -fine, and fo 
woundy great, let 'em fpit their venom, and fay, fet a 
beggar on horfeSack, and fo forth. Who would not 
think, laid the curate, hearing this, but that the whole 
race of the. Panca*s came into the world with their 
paunches fluff 'd with proverbs. I never knew one of 
the name but threw 'cm out at all times, let the dif- 
courfe be what it would. I think fo too, faid the page ; 
for his honour the governor blunders 'em out at every 
turn, many rimes indeed wide from the purpofe ; how- 
ever, always to the fatisfalHon of the company, and with 
high applaofe from my lord and my lady. Then, Sir, 
you allure us ftill, faid Carrafco, that Sancho is really a 
governor; and that a duchefs fends thefe prefents and let- 
ters upon his account ; for though we fee the things, 
and read -the letters, we can fcarce prevail with oorfelvti 
to believe it 5 but are apt to run into our friend Don 
Quixote's opinion, and look on all this as the effect of 
fome inchantment : fo that I could find in my heart to 
feel and try whether you are a vifionary meffenger, or a 
creature of fleih and blood. For my part, gentlemen, 
anfwer'd the page, all I can tell ye, is, that I am really 
the meflenger I appear to be, that the lord Sancho Pan- 
5a is actually a governor, and that the duke and the 
duchefs, to whom I belong, are able to give, and ha™ 

I * In the original, when they cry, tus, tns, f. <• **■ 
+eof>U call dogs to their porridge. 


of tbg renown' d Dm Quixote. *33 

giwahim that government, where I am credibly informed 
j»e behave* himfelf moft worthily. Now if there be any 
iac han tacp t in the aaatter, I leave you to examine that 3 
for by the life of my parents, one of the greatcft oaths 
I can utter, for they are both alive, and I love *em 
dearly, I know no more of the bufineis. That may 
U, M $e bateMor, but yet Mitst j&gvjHtw. You ■> 
nay doubt if you pleafe, reply'd the page $ but I have 
told you the truth j, which will always prevail over 
ftlihood, and rife uppermbft, as oil does above water. 
But if you/ will iperihu tftden, cjj «as vtrbit 9 
let one of ye. go along with me, and you mall 
fee with your eyes, what you will not believe by the 
Help of your ears. Til go with all my heart, quoth San* 
chica j take me up behind ye, Sir ; I've a huge mind to 
&e my father. The daughters of governors, faid the 
page, muft not travel thus unattended, but in coaches 
°r litters, and with a handfome train of fervants, cud's my 
life, quoth Sanchka, I can go a journey as well on an afs, 
« in one of your coaches* I am none of your tender fquea- 
mifli things, not I. .Peace, chicken, quoth the mother, thou 
doft not know what thou fay' ft, the gentleman is in the 
right: times are alter'd. When 'twas plain Sancbo, 
twas plain Sanchka j but now he's a governor, thou'rt 
a kdy. I can't well tell whether I am right or no. My 
udy Tere&fays more than me is aware of, laid the page, 
But now,, continued he, give me a mouthful to eat at 
»oon as you can, for I muft go back this afternoon. Jte 
pleas'd then, Sir, (aid the curate, to go with me, and 
PJrtake^ of a deader meai at my houfe ; for my neighbour 
T «tfa is more willing than able to entertain fo good a 
goeft. The page excus'd himfelfa while, but at laft 
^"ply'd, being perfuaded 'twould be much for the 
better y and the curate on his fide was glad of his com- 
J* an y» to have an opportunity to inform hlmfelf at 
l"ge about Don Quixote and his proceeding*. The bat- . 
ufclor pjrofferr'd Terrefii to write her anfwen to her let- 
ters $ but as (he look'd upon him to be fomewhat wag- 
$&# foe would not permit him to be of her cotfnfel ; 
to (he gave a row!, and a couple of eggs, t9 a youn* a 5°- 
Voi, JW N **** 

1)4 ?&' Sfi dnd atcbiromiHts 

ryte of the church, who couldwrite, and he wrote two 
letters for her : one to her huiba&d, and the other to the 
dtfcjiefs, all of her own inditing, and perhaps not the 
worft in thia famous hiftory, aa hereafter- may be feetu 


jt continuation of Sancbo Pan pi's government, mrith ntbot 
faJptgBi frcb st tbey are* 

HplHir morninfe of* that day arofc, which foeceeded 
I the governor's rounding night, the remainder of 
which the gentleman-waiter fpent not in Deep, hot hi 
the pleating thoughts of the lovely free, and charming 
grace of the duguis'd virgin; on the other fide, the 
fteward beftowM that time in writing to hit lord and 
lajiy what Sancho did and faid 5 wondering no Iefi at 
his actions than at his exprelfions, both which diipby'd 
a ffrange intermixture ofdifctetion-and fimpUeitv. 

At laft the lord governor was pleas'd to rift ; and, 
by Dr Pedro Rezio's order, they brought him for his 
bieakfaft a little confervd, and a draught of fair water, 
wjuch he would have exchanged with all Jus heart for a 
good luncheon of bread, and a bund) of grapes; but fee- 
ing he could hot help' hjmleif, he was fore'd to make 
the beft of a bad. market, and ieem'.tt be content, 
though full fore agatnll his will and appetite 3 for the 
doctor made hun believe, that to eat' but littie, and that 
which was dainty, enliven' d. the (joints, and. ntapen'd 
the wit, and. consequently fuch a fort of diet was moft 
proper for perfons. ,in authority and Weighty employ- 
ments, wherein there ia left need of the ftreAgth of the 
body than of that of the mind. This fopbjffay ferVd to 
famiih Sancho,. who, half dead with, hunger, cuVti in 
his heart both the government and hirfl that has? given 
>t nJm. However, hungry as he was,' by the ftrengm i 
flcadcr U*khfi, he faJWaot to gta audience I 

• * * • thtt 

of the renown'd Dm Qjjixoti. I $S 

that day; and the firft that cane before him was a 
ftranger, who put the following cafe to him, the fteward 
and the reft of the attendants being prefent. 

My lord, faid he, a large rim divides fa two parts 
one and the feme lordflup. I beg your honour to lend 
flae your attention, for 'tit a cafe of great importance, 
and tome difficulty — Upon this river were is a bridge { 
at one end of which there (lands a gallows, and a kind 
of court of juftice, where four judges uiie to fit, for the 
execution of a certain law made by the lord of the land 
and river, which runs thus* 

Whoever intends topafifnom «ay end of this image U 
the other, muftfrfi upon bis oath deelart whither he gees, 
and what his hujuufs it. If be /wear truths he may. go 
on $ but if be /wear falft, be /bail he hanged, and* die 
without rewnffun upon the gibbet at the end nf the 

After due promulgation of this law, many people, 
notwithstanding it's ieverity, adventur'd to go over this 
bridge, and as it appear' d they fwore true, the judges 
permitted 'em to pau unmolefte4. It happen' £ one day 
that a certain pattenger being fwpxn, declarM, that by 
the oath he had taken, he wa* come to die upon that 
gallow6, and that was all his bufineft* 

This put the judges to a nonplus $ for,, faid they, If 
we let this man pafs freely, he is forfworn, and accord- 
ing to the letter of the law he ought to die : if we hang 
him, he has fworn troth, feeing he fwore he was to die 
on that gibbet ; and then by the lame law we Should let 
him pals. 

Now your lordJhip'a judgment is defir'd what the 
judges ought to do with this man ? For they are Hill at 
a fiand, not knowing what to determine in this cafe ; 
and having been inform' d of your marp wit^ and great 
capacity in revolving difficult queftions, tljey.fcnt me 
tobeJecch your lord/hip in their names, to give your 
opinion in fo intricate and knotty a cafe. 

To .deal plainly with you, anfwer'd, Sancho, thofc 
worihipful judges that fent you hither, might as weU 
have fpar'd themfelves the labour. ; iox I am **<>** ■ 

136 The lift arid atebtevements 

clin'd to dalnefs X anure you than fharpnefs s however, 
let me hear your queftioh once more, that I may 
thoroughly tinderfand it, and perhaps I may at laft hit 
the nail 0' the head. The man repeated the qaeftion 
again and again j and when he had done, To my think- 
ing, faid Sancho, this queftion may be prefently anfwer'd, 
as t-hus 5 The man fwore he came to die on the gibbet, 
and if he dies there, he fwore true, and according to the 
law he ought to be free, and go over the bridge. On 
1 fhe other fide, if you don't hang him, ' he fwore falfe, 
and by the fame law he ought to be hang'd. *Tis as 
your lordihip fays, reply'd the Granger, you have fiated 
the cafe right. Why then, faid Sancho, ev*n let that 
part of the man that fwore true, freely pais ; and hang 
the other part of the man that fwore falfe, and fo the 
law will be fuinlFd. But then, my Lord, YepiyM the 
ftranger, the man muft be divided into two parts, 

* which if we do, he certainly dies, and the law, which 
' muft every title of it be obferv'd, is not put in execution, 

Well, hark you me, honeft man, faid Sancho, either 
I am a cod/head, or there is as much reafon to put this 
fame perfon you talk of to death as to let him live and 

* pafs the bridge 5 for if the truth faves him, the lye con- 
demns him. Now the cafe ftands thus, I would have 
you tell thofe gentlemen that fent yon to me, fince 
there's as much reafon to bring him off, as to condemn 
him, that they e'en let him go free ; for 'tis always 
more commendable to do good than hurt. And this 1 
would give you 1 under my own hand, if I could write. 
Nor do I fpeak this of my own head ; but I remember 
one precept, among many others, that my matter Don 
Quixote gave me the night before I went to govern this 
ifland, Which was that when the fcale of juftice is even, 
or a cafe is doubtful, we Should prefer mercy before ri- 
gour ; and it has pleas'd God I fhould call it to mind fo 
luckily at this juncture. For my part, faid the flewaid, 
this judgment feemi to me fo equitable, that I do net 
believe Lycurgus himfelf, who gave laws to the Lace* 
daemoniant, could ever have decided the matter better 
" L * the great Sancho has done. 


ef tbi rnmirid Dm Quixote. *3f 

And now, Sir, fure there's caoiieji done for this 
morning | be pkas'd to adjourn the court^ and I'll girt 
oder that vow excellency may dine to your heart's con* 
teat. Wdl fart, crj'd Sancbo, that** all I want, and 
then a clear nasje, and no favour. Feed me well, and 
then ply ate with ca/e* and oueftipne thick and three* 
fold j you ihall/eeme untwiic em, and lay 'cm open at 
dear as die fud» 

The toward was at good, a* hit word. Delierim it 
would be. a buiden to his coafcienca, to famiJh io wile a 
governor ; beihjes, hefctseadedtheneatiiii^toputinto 
pra&ee >th* Jaft trick which he had cosomUiion to palp 
upon hi«- 

Now Sancho having plentiful^ aVd that day, in 
fpite of all the aphoriimsof Dr Tirte a facta, when the 
doth waa rtmoVd, in cam* aneapwfr with a {otter from 
Dan Ogfaot* to the governor. Saneho ordered the fer 
crttary to read it to fetafett^ and if there watnothina; in 
it for ferret p*reM then to road jt aloud. The fecre* 
tary having tlilr. run it over aofordingly, Jfrfy fold, Jag 
he, the letter may not only b* pubjiokly read* but de* 
fervet to he engraved hvchaaadtrs'of gold j and that 
it te* 

Dm £(tpx&e it la Maneha> t$ Sancho Panfa,* govern* 
if the ifland if Baratsria. 

* * * * • 

WHEN lttpeaed to have bad an atanat of 
rit cmrtUjfafi.mvdimfiertinenm, friend Samh, 
Ixoat afrmibfy djjappointtJ with wwi if thy nmp hobor 
war} for which I return particular thanht ta beave*, 
that can raiji fit Umkjr from their foverty, and turn 
the fool int$ a man effenfe, J hear then ^ a vern a f 
wid> att tbi diferetiin if .a man $ .'and that, m/btlt 
than, nppmtjk thy fiff Mr, then rttatneft tbi h*mili& 
if tbi meaneft creature* But I drfmrtbn to obfente, 
iaman, that *ti*Many timis very nhseffary and convenient 
Htmmantbnkunitityofibi heart, fir ij* httorrjttfi** 
•f tbi authority tf a flan. Fir \be ornament of a & 

N 3 

I3S * l 7be 'life and atchievmenu 

fin that H v a&tfanfd'to an eminent pcft, ntufl be an* 
jwerable to sYt gfeatnefs, and not debased to the inclina- 
tion of bit firmer meannefs. Lef ibf apparel be neat 
end bandfime ; evtn a pake well artftd, does not look 
like a flake. J would not have tbee Wear foppifb, g**dy 
things*; nor affeR tbe garb of a J obiter, in tbt drcttm- 
Jhncet of a inert/bate j but let thy dreft be fuitabk to 
thy degree f and always clean and decent* 

* To gain tbe hearts- of thy people, among other things, X 
have ttoo' tbicfit to recommends on* is, to be affable, 
tourttous, and fair U all tbe world ; / have already 
told Hue of that : and tbe other, to take eon tbat 
plenty of provifions be never wanting, for nothing of- 
ficii or urges more tbe fpirits of the poof, than ftar- 
^tfty ami hunger* 

■ Do not put out maty new orders, and if thorn dojf put 
out any> fee that they be wbokfome and good, and 
officially that they be ftriBh objerv'di fit hm ** 
well obeyed, are no better thorn if they inert mot made, 
and only /hew ■ that the prince who had the wifdont 
and authority to make *em, had not the refrluuom to Jot 
*tn executed y and laws tbat only threaten) -and are not 
kept, become like tbe log tbat was given to tbe frog* to 
be their king, which they fear 1 dot firfl, but foots /corn* d 
amdiramphd on\ 

Be a father to virtue, but a father-in-law to vice* 
Be not atwaye fevere, nor always merciful 5 chufi a mean 
between tbefe two extremes j for tbat middle point is the 
toiler of dtftretion. ' 

* Fifit the pri font, the /bumbles, and the publick mar' 
nets, for the governor' t prefence it highly ntceffary i» ' 
fuch placet. 

Comfort the prifoam tbat hope to be fukkly off. \ 
patched. ' 

Weights, and 'keep buckftert and fraudulent dealers in aw, j 
for tbe {aim reafisu 

* ShmmVfl thorn unhappily be inched to b§ covets**, 
ghat n worn*, tr a gmttptp at J hope thorn art trot, a* 


of the rtnwm'dBon Quixote. 135 

ieijbewing tbyfelfgaHty of tbofe vices yfor when the 
tonne, and tbofe tbat come near tbee have di fewer* d thy 
weaknefi, they'll be Jure to try thee on tbat fide, end tempt 
thee to thy everlafting ruin. 

Read ever and over, andferioujly confider the admo- 
nition* and documents 1 gave tbee in writing before 
thou went* ft to thy government, and tbou wilt find 
the benefit of it, in at tbofi difficulties and emergen- 
cies that fo frequently attend the funSion of a go- 

Writ* to thy krd and tody, and jbew thy filf 
grateful \ for ingratitude it the offspring of pride f and 
one of tbe worm corruptions of the mind J wberea t be 
tbat it thankful to bisbenefacJors, gives a tefthnony tbat 
be will be Jo to God, who bos done, and continually docs 
bim fo much good* 

My lady ducbefs difpateb'd a meffenger on purpofe to tby 
wifeTcrefa, with tby bunting pat, and another pre fent. 
Ire exfeB bis return every moment, 

I have been fomewbat out of order r by a certain 
cat^enconnter J bad lately, not much to tbe advantage 
of my nofe $ but oil that's nothing, fir. if there are 
necromancers tbat mifufi me, there art others ready to 
defend me. 

Send me word whether tbe fleward tbat it with thee, 
bad any hand in the buffne/s of tbe countefs of Yri- 
f aids', as thou weft once of opinion ; and let me alfo 
have an account of whatever befals thee, face tbe 
diftance between us is fo fiuall. I have thoughts of 
leaving this idle life 'ere long j for I was . not born 
fir luxury and eafe, ■ 

A bufisefs has offer' J, that I believe wiU make me 
lefe tbe duke and ducbefs' s favour $ but though I am 
bearply ferry for y t, that does not alter my rcfomtio* J 
fir, after all, J owe more to my profeffiou than to 
cemplaijance ; and as tbe Joying is, Amicus Plato, 
fed maps arnica Veritas. / find tbee this fcrap of 
of Latin, flattering my filf tbat face thou cam' ft t* 
bt m governor, tbt* tiff ft have learid fimethingjf 

140 The life and &tcbitvtm*nts 

that language. Fartwel* *tid btwue* hep that 
the pity of the world* 

. Thy friatd, 

Don Q#iiio*r» ** ** Mapcba, 

- . • 
Sancho ..gave great attention to the letter, mi it was 
highly applauded, both far fenfe tod integrity, by every 
body that heard it. After that he role from table, 
and calling tfee 'fecretary* went withoufjny farther de- 
lay, and locjt'd himfelf up. withhtm> ja feis chamber t» 
write an aoTwer to hia .matter BonOjuxote. Hi ajrier'd 
the fcobe to, fct down w^ord for void what he dilated, 
without adding or diminifting. the f«*6 thing. Whkh 
being fbri&ly obferv'd, this was the tenor of the 
letter. »•••, • 

Sancho Panca, to Do* %t**ta Maweba* 
...■.' . • • > 

TjfAf fi taken *p mtb b*ftmfk,\4hal I bmtttimt* 
I jitttff* my bead, or fare my owJt+subkb it the reafm 
tjey ate fi Jong* God help mil tell you tUt y door map* 
of mine, that you may not marvel, why I ban* t yet let you 
knew whether it goes well or ill with ma h the* Jam go- 
<merument, where 'J am more ha ng e r fh rvd thorn whm 
you ami 1 wandered through wood* ami wUdemej/ou 
My lord duh wrote to me t'other day, to infirm me of 

fom* free* that were at info thee iflamd to mil met 
hat *at yet J have difiemefd. none Put a carton am* 
tor, bird by the ijiandert to kill.oiltbo g o v t r um that 
emu tear ii, They caH bim Dr ¥eurx> Aexvde 4g9e», 
omd be was horn at Tirte ofwra, hi* name it enough u 
make juefear he'M he the death *f me* This fame aoBor 
toy* +f bimfttf, that be dee* sure difeAft^Wpenyou ham 
em $ Met whin you borne Vw not, ha omypretendt to hup 
9 em from coming, The pbyfidt be mfa, is faftiag ufm 
fafing, '.till ha turut a body to a.meerftdeton $ at if to 
ha waftmi to flit* and hmiet wera-.nmt, m hadatafeuer* 
*- *~* 9 beJUrva me to death \ fi that when I thought, 


oftht rmmtd Bon Qtrixol-E. '141 

as icing a governor, to have my belly fuft of good hot 
vi&teals, and cool liquor, and to refrejb my tody in bel- 
land fbcett, and on a ftft- feather-bed, J am corns to do 
penance Uke a hermit ; and as J do it unwillingly, I am 
afraid tbe devil will have me at la ft, 

jfll this while I bane not as yet Jo much az finger* d tbe 
leaft penny of money, cither for feet, bribes, or any tbing 5 
andbvm it comes to be no better witb me, I can't for my 
foul imagine ; for I bane beard by the bye, that tbe go* 
vernort sobo tome to this ifland are wont to bane a very 
good gift, or at leaft a very round Jim lent % em by' the 
totvn before they enter t and they fay too, that this is tbe 
vfiud cuftom, not only here, but in other places. 

JLaft night going my rounds, I met with a mighty 
bandfome damfel in bofs clothes, and a brother of her s 
in woman** apparel. Mo gentleman-waiter fell -in love 
with tbe girl, dnd intends to make her bis wife, as ha 
fays, j4s for tbe youth I have pitch* d upon him to be my 
Jon-inflow. To-day we both dejign to difcourfe tbe fa-- 
tber, on* Diego de fa Liana, who's a gentleman, and an 
old Cbriftian every inch of him, 

J vijit tbe markets, as you advised me, andyefterdaft 
found one of the buckftert, felling bazle-nuts 5 Jbe pre- 
tended they were all new, but I found Jbe baa mix* d a 
whole iatfhel of old, empty, rotten nuts among tbe 
fame quantity of new, JVitb that I judged them to be 
given to the bofpital-boys, who knew bow to pick the good 
from tbe bad, and gave ftntence againft her that Jbe Jbould 
not come into tbe market in fifteen days 5 and people faid, 
I did well. What I can tell you, is, that if you'll believe 
tbe folks of this town, tbere*t not a more raft ally fort of 
people in the world than theft market-women, for they are 
all a fancy, foul-mouth* d, impudent, bellfjb rabble; and 
I judge *em to be ft, by tboft I have ften in other places, 

I am mighty well pleas d that my lady dutbeft has writ 
to my wife Terefa Fan* a* and fent her the tofen you 
mention, Jtjball go hard -but I will requite her kindnefs 
one time or other, Pray give my fervice to her, and tell 
her from me, Jbe hat not caft her gift in a broken fack, as 
fometbing more than word* JbaNJbew. . 

$4& The life and atehkvemtnts 

If I wight advift you, and had m wifh, there fotuli 
he no foiling out between your worjoip end my lord awl 

iady\for y if you quarrel with *om, '/»*/ muflcmaebj 
the werftfor f , And f nee you mind me of hang grateful, 
it wont look well in you not to be fo $e tbofe who have 
made fo much of you at their caftle. 

As for your cat-affair / can make .nothing of it, omfy J 
Jancy you are foil haunted after the aid rate, TmfU4efi 
me more when we meet. 

I would fain havefent you a token* hen J do not mum 
wbnt to find, otnlejs it were fome Untie glifler-fipetj 
which they make here very curioujly, and foe mop cleverly 
to the bladderu But iflfoty in my ftlaee, it foall go hard 
hut VU getfomething worth the fending, he it what it 

'my wife Tereja Pattys writes to me, fray pay tie 
aid fend me the letter % for I mightily Aug to 
hear how it is with her, audmybeufe and ebildren. 

So heaven freferve you from i U m t mjed incbaaten, and 
fendmefofe and found out of thk government, which I 
am much afraid of, as Dr Pedro Rexio diets 



Your worAip** fervant, 
Sancho Panca, the governor. 

The fecretary made up the letter, and 
difpatchM the etpreis. Then thole who carry'd on the 
plot againft Sancho» combin'd together, and comulttd 
how to remove him from the government : and Sancho 
pafs'd that afternoon in making fevcraj regulations, for 
the better eftabiuliment of that which he imagined to be 
an ifland. He publiih'd an order againft the higglers and 
foreftallera of the markets j and another to encourage 
the bringing in oS wines from any part whatever, pro- 
vided the owners decjar'd of what growth they were, 
that they might be rated according. to , their value and 
and goodneis $ and that they who 4hoy»U adulterate wine 
with water, or give it a wrong name, Should he puninVd 


of the rimum'dDm Qv i xot e . 1+3 

with death. He lower' d the price of all kind of apparel* 
ind particularly that of Jhoes, as thinking it exorbitant. 
He regulated ferva&to wages, that were unlimited be- 
Fore, and proportion* d *em to the merit of their fervice* 
He laid fever* penalties upon all thofe that mould fing 
or vend lewd and immoral longs and ballad?, either in 
the open day, or in the dufk of the evening 5 and alfo 
forbid ail blind people die ringing about miracles in-rhiraes, 
unleis they prodWd authentick teftjmoniefc of their 
truth j for it atpear'd to him, that moft of thofe that 
were uang uYfuch manner were falfe, and a difparagement 
to the true* 

He appointed a particular officer to infpeel the poor, 
net to persecute, but to examine 'em, and know whe* 
ther they were truly fuch j for under pretence of coun- 
terfeit kunsnefi, and artifical fores, many canting vaga- 
bonds impudently rob the true poor of charity, to fpend 
it in riot and drunkenneft. 

In Jaort, he made fa many whoVbme, ordinances,* 
that to this day they are obfarv'd in that place, and calTd, 
The con/Nttftiom of tbt great governor Sancbo Pan$a t 


A relation of tbe adventures of tbefeccmJ aVfconfefate tr 
Jiflreft ma/ran, otbertvije caWd Donna Rodriguez. 

! • 

Cl& Hamet relates, that Don Quixote** feratehe* 
being heaTd, he 'began to thfektle life he led in 
the caftle not tollable to the order of knighuerranrry 
which? he ptofetfd f ke refold therefore to take leav* 
of the duke and duckets, and fit forwards forSasago&a 
*here> at theapproachng tournament, fcehop'd-to wis* 
the armour, tne ufual pake at the feftivals of that kjnd. 
Awrdtogly, as ht &* at *Mt with 0* lord vA Jady / 

144" The life and atchttvejntnts 

the carUe, he began to acquaint *em with hjt defigp, 
when behold two women entered the gnat hall, dad in 
deep mourning from head to foot ; one of "cm approach* 
ing Don Quixote, threw herfelf at his feet, where lying 
proftrate, and in a manner killing *em, me £etch"d Inch 
deep and doleful iighs, and made fuch forrowful lamen- 
tations, that all thofe who were by, were not a little 
furpriz'd. And though the duke and the duchefs ima- 
gin'd it to be fome new device of their fervants againft 
Don Quixote, yet perceiving with what tarnrftnefs the 
woman figh'd and lamented, they were in doubt, and 
knew not what to think ; till the companionate cham- 
pion raifing her. from the ground, engaged her to lift up 
her veil, and difcover, what they leaft expected, the face 
of Donna Rodriguez, the duenna of the family : and 
the other mourner prov'd to be her daughter, whom 
the rich farmer's fan had deluded. All thofe that knew 
*em were in great admiration, especially the duke and 
the duchefs j for tho' they knew her Simplicity and iixfiicre- 
tion, they did not believe her fo far gone in madndK, At 
laft the forrowful matron, addreifing herfelf to the duke 
and the duchefs ; May it pleafe your graces, (aid the, to 
permit me to direct my difcourfe to this knight, for it 
concerns me. to* gat out of. an unlucky bufujefs, into 
which the • impudence of a treacherous villain has 
brought us. With that the duke gave her leave to fay 
what {he would ; then applying herfelf to Don Quixote ; 
*Tis not long, faid fhe, valorous knight, fince I gave 
your worihip an account how bafely and treacherouily a 
gracelefs young farmer had us'd my dear child, the poor 
undone creature here prefent \ and you then promisM me 
to ftand up for her, and fee her righted ; and now I un- 
derftand you axe about to leave thtscaftle, in onefr of the 
good adventures fieaven ihall fend you^ And therefore 
betore you aye gone no body knows wluther, \ have this 
boon to beg of your worfliip, that yon would do (a 
much as challenge this fturdy clown, and snake him 
marry my daughter, according to his promife before be 
was concern' d with her. For, as for my lord duke, 'tis 
a folly to thinkshe'll over ice me righted, for the reafoft 


tf thrremunfd DbnQt? ixo*ti.. 145 

I told y*u in private* And (b heaven pveferve your wor- 
(hip, and ftill be our defence. Worthy matron (an* 
fwer*d Don Quixote, with a great deal of gravity and fo- 
lemn fonn) moderate your tears, or, to fpeak more pro* 
perry, dry *em up, and fpare your fight j for I take up- 
on me to fee your, daughter's wKmgsfabefs'd ; though 
flic had done much better, had not her too great credu- 
lity made her trait the protections of lovers, which ge- 
nerally are readily made, but moftuneanly perform'd. 
Tberefore, with my lord duke's penniifion, I will infantry 
depart, to findoutthia ungracious wretch, and as foon as fate 
h found, I will challenge him, and kill him if he perfilN 
in his obftinacy ; for the chief end of my profcffion i* 
to pardon the fubminive, and to chaftue the ftubborn $ 
to relieve the miferable, and deftroy the cruel. Sir 
knight, faid the duke, you need not give yourfelf the 
trouble of feeking the fellow, of whom that good ma* 
tron complains \ nor need you afic me leave to challenge 
him ; for I already engage that he mall meet you in per* 
fen to anfwer it Here in this caftle, where fate lifts (hall 
be fet up for you 'both, observing all the laws of arms 
that ought to be kept in affairs of this kind, and doing 
each party juftice* as .ail princes ought to do, that ad- 
mit of angle combats within their territories. Upon 
that aflurancc, faid Don Quixote, with your grace's 
leave, I for this time wave my punctilios of gentility, 
and debafing myfelf to the meanneft of* the offender, 
qualify him- to meafore lances with me ; and fo let him 
be ajfefent or prefent, I challenge and defy him, as a 
villain, that has deluded this poor creature, that was a 
maid, and now, through his baieneft, is none ; and he 
mail either perform his-piomife of making her his law* 
fulwife, or die is the coateft. With that, pulling off 
hh glove, he flung it down into the middle of the hall, 
and the duke took it up, declaring, as he had' aheady 
done,' that he accented tie challenge h) the name of his 
vaflal : fixing the time for combat to be fix days after, 
and-the place to be the caft\e-court. The arms to bet 
fueh as art ufeal among knights, as lance, ihHd, ar- 
mour of proof, ana* all other pieces, without fraud, a«" 

I4& Hbr.tife and atbhurvtmntt 

vantage, or incha n fmeat, tfterfearcbnufo by tig judges 
Of the field. 

But in thcr finft qriace, added the (take, 'tit-requhlte, 
that thi» true tnatnwv and n this fdfe virgin, commit/ the 
jail ice of their canie't into the hands of -their champion, 
for otherwife these will be nothing done, .and the chal- 
lenge is void inconnfe. I do,. anfwer'd the matron ; and 
fodo I, added* the: daughter, -all aihamM, fekibberinE, 
and in a crying, tone, /&e preliminaries feeing adptfted, 
and the duke baving-refolvM with himfeJf what to do 
in the matter, .the >firanc&ing petitioners went away, 
tad the dotbefa jecder'd they mould no looker be lookM 
upon as herdemefticks,- hnt'as ladies errant, that-earne 
to demand jttitice in -her oaftle,; and accordingly there 
was a peculiar apartment appointed for *em, where they 
were fervM as Changers, to the amazement of the other 
fervantB, who could not imagine what would be the end 
of Doonji Rodrigues and her foriaken daughter's rfti* 
culous confident undertaking. 

Prefently after, this, to complete their mirth, and at, 
it were for the hft. course, in came the .page that had 
carry 'd the letters andthe^prefents to Terefa Panca. The 
duke and' duchefs were overjoyM to fee him retoirrTd; 
having a great desire to know the fuccef*>of hi* journey. 
They enouir'd of him accordingly, but he told *em, that had to give 'em could not-well be dearer* d 
in pubiick, nor in few words $ and therefore begg*d 
their graces would 'be pkas'd to take it in private, and 
in the mean time entertain themfelres with thofe letters. 
With that, takings out two, he delivered them 'to her 
grace. Thefopecfcription of the one was, Theft forty 
lady ducbefx •f'ldmt£*aw*ob*tfUun and the direc- 
•taonon the. other, thus, To my bujb**d-5aittb* P*nca, 
gyvtrmr of the Jfland Barataria, wbcm b*#vem fvfper 
■as many or nttreytart than me* 

The duchefs fit upon thorns till the had- read her let. 
ter; fo having open'd:it, and Tun it over to herself, 
finding there was nothing of fccreey in it, unread it out 
.aloud, that the whole company aught hoar what roJ- 


* • > * 

Ttrefa fanca's tetter to the Jucbcfs. 
My Lady., 

TITS' Utter watt honour ferit me plea fed me hugeoufly^ 
for truth, tis what 1 heartily loaf 4 fir, the 
P n9 tff cora * is * good thing, and nty, bit/band's bunt* 
*"K J*** ***} c&m * */ t0 ''• dU our ***** ?**** lt nighty 
Hoah, ana is very glad that your honour bat made my 
ffouje fi governor, tho* nobody, will believe it, efpcciauy 
•ur curate, mafler Nicholas the barber* and Sampfou) 
Carrafco the batcbelor. But what care I, whether they, 
door not So it be true, as, let. every, one have their 
faying, Though "'tis a filly to lye, I had not believed it 
neither, but for the coral and the fuit ; for every body 
here takes my hujband to boa dolt, and can't for the blood 
of *em imagine what be can be fit to govern, unlefs it be 
a bend of gpatu Weill heaven be bisguidi, and freed 
bint as be feet befi for his children. At for me, my deaf 
lady, lam rejdv)a\ with your goad liking, to make bay 
'while the fun jbines, and go to court, to it loll along in a 
coach* and tnahe a world of my backfriends, that envy 
me aaKadfy.fiart.thmir exes out. And therefore, good 
your honour, fray bid my hujband fend mefi ore of money j- 
for I believe tis dear living at court ; one can have hut 
little bread there for fix-pence, and 4 found of fiejh is 
worth thirty maravedies, which would make one ftand 
amaufd. And if he is not fir my coming^ let hint 
find' me ■word in time, for my feet itch to be jog- 
£"¥$ f cr m y &ffif* **** neighbours tell me, that if 
I aid my daughter go about the court as we Jbould, 
firueo end fine, and at a tearing rate, my hujband wilt 
be better known by me, than I ay him ^ fir many can t- 
tbufe but aft what ladies are thofe in the coach 7 with 
thatone.^ noy-fepvantoanfwero, Vbe-wife and daughter 
*f Sancba Pauf*, governor cf'tb* tflatutof.Maratarfa 
ltd thus fbaltihy hujband le known, and J honour 

Oft fi 

J4& . >'7h*>Sfe/indMcliemtattt :% ' 

far and near\ and Jo have at aU\ Rome bat every 

Tou can't think beep I ami troubled that mm bam ra- 
ther* d no atoms here-away this year\ however, I Tend 
your bigbnefs about half a peck, which I have cuWicme 
by ones I went to the mountains onpurp&fe, end got the 
viggefi I could find \ I wijb they had been as big as ofbicb 

Pray let not your pompofity forget to write to me, and 
TUbe jure to find you an anjeoer, and let you know bow 
J do, and fend you all the news in our village, where I 
am waiting and praying the Lord to prefervt your high, 
mefiy and not to forget me. ■ My daughter Sancbicee, and 
my fin, kifiyour worjbip y s bands. 

She that wi foes rather to fie you than write to you, 

Tour fervant, Terefa Panca* 

This letter was very entertaining to all the company, 
especially to the duke and duchefs 5 infomuch that her 
grace afkcd Don Quixote, whether it would be amiis to 
open the governors letter, which Ae imagin'd was a 
•very good one ? The knight told her, that, to satisfy 
her curioftty, he would open it 3 which being done, hie 
found what follows. 

Terefa Pandas Utter to her lufoand Sancbo Pence. 

1 Received thy ' letter, dear honey Sancbo> and J 
and fivcar to thee, as I am a Catbolick ChriSten* I 
was within two finger's breadth of running mad for soft 
Look you, my chuck, when I beard thou wert made a 
governor, J was Jo transported, I had like to bmvefalleo 
down d^ad with meer gladnefi J for thou knewejkfud* 

* As bead of the world, formerly in temporals, at note 

of the t**watd AtftQtffSaTB. t*5 

oienyott isfiudt+Hll at- fim as gnfiAJmrtmh At fie\ 
*f&> dsV*&tor $o*tJd**> jbe flatter dl hfr. muter about,, 
btfomjbe vat aware, for very pleafiare. I bad tbafuie* 
thouJfSO0me before my eyes^ indxtboJadf tbtcbe/Ks coral* 
akotft* mp mek^ held, tba Utter in my. banjo, and had kin* 
that br&ugb^ 'em /landing by m*% and for all that, A 

felt wt, i 

tho ught vfhflt, i Jaw and fib wot* but a dream. Fo*> 
wba could, hove thought a gaat^berd Jhould ever come to* 
hegpvrrnor of ifiandt /• But what Jpidmy nntber, Who* 
a, gre*t Ajea} wo*4A toe, a great white avft Kve. If peals 
this IpcfiHf*.' if I /»» linger, 1 MM to fie more ; /ir / 
jfcd/ **V bo at ufinU. Met the a. farmer or receiver of 
the cujhmn l for though tleybe, offices that fend many to- 
the devil) for ajl that* they bring, grifi to tie null. Afy 
lady dvtbeft will teU. the* bow L long, to go to court* 
Bray tjmk -oifty apdJetrmt know tip mind} for I mean 
to credit tbv there, by going in a coachl 

Neither the euratCy the barber, the. batebslor, nor the 
fixtato, will believe thou, art a governor \, but fay- *tis all 
juggling* or. iwbantmtnt, at off thy mafler Don. Stoimte'* 
concerns ufe to be; and Sampfon threatens to find thee out, 
and put this maggot of a government out of thy pate, and 
Don Qmyfotdtnijdacfs out of bis coxcomb. For my part 
I do but laugh at ''em, and look upon my firing of coral, 
and contrive bow to fit up the fuit thou finffi me into a 
gown fir thy daughter. 

. lfintmy lady the ducbefi fame acorns; I would they 
were beaten gold; >Tprithet fend me fonts. \ firings of pearl, 
if they bo in-f&Jbion in thy ijland. 

The news-herds, that Berrutca bat married her dough* 
ter to a firry painter, that came hither, pretending to 
pm'nf any thing. The townfbipfet- him topainPtbe ktng's 
arms ever'tbe town-halt: he aj*d 'em two ducats for the* 
jobb, which they paid, him; fo befell to work; and was 
eight days a daubing, but could make nothing qfCt at lafi 5 
and faid he could not hit upon fucb piddhng kind of work, 
and fo gave- *'em their money again. Tet for all this he, 
marrfd with the name of a good workma^ The truth «. 
be boo left- bk pencil upon* t, and taken the jpade, an/ 
goes to the field like a gentleman. Pedro de Lovo\ fin hd 
. ' O 3 **be 

150 Th* life and etehievemenK 

taken orderly and jbav y d his crown, meaning to be a 
frieB. MinguiUa, Mingo Si hate's grand-daughter, heard 
of it, and fun bint upon a promife of marriage t ill tongues 
do not fttck to fay Jbe has been with ebiU by bim, but 
be ftiffiy denies it. We borne no olives tbis year, nor is 
there a drop of vinegar to be got for love or money. A 
company of fildiers went through tbis place, and carry d 
along with 'an three wenches out of the tenon: I don't 
tell t bee, their names, fir may baps tbey will comeback, and 
there will not want fame that will marry *em, for better 
firworfe. Sanchnca makes bone-lace, and gets her three 
halfpence a Jay clear, which Jbe faves in a l*x with a fit, 
to go towards buying boujbold-ftujf. But nowJbe*\ a go- 
vernor s daughter, jbe has no need to work, for tbo&wih 
give her a portion. The fountain in the market is drfd 
up. A thunderbolt lately fell upon the pillory : there may 
tbey ail light. I expeel thy anfwer to tbis, and thy re- 
folution concerning my going to court i fo heaven Jena tbee 
long to live, longer than myjelf, or rather as long ; for I 
Would not willingly leave tbee behind me in tbis world* 

Thy wi/i , 

Terefa Panca, 

Thefe letters wert admir'd, and causM a great deal 
of laughter and diverfionj and, to compjeat the mirth, 
at the fame time the exprefs return* d that brought Sen- 
cho's anfwer to Don Quixote, which was likewife pub- 
licity read, and ftartled all the hearers, who took the 
governor for a fool ! afterwards the duchess withdrew, 
to know of the page what he had to relate of his journey 
to Sancho*s village \ of which he gave her a full ac- 
count, 'without omitting the leaft particular. He alfo 
brought her the acorns, and a cheefc, which Tereia had 
given him for a very good one, and better than thole of 
Truncheon, and which the duchefs gratefully accepted, 
Now let us leave her, to tell the end of the government 
of great Sancho Panca, the flower and minor of all 
; fland governors,. 


cf the rtnowri d Ify Quixote. 151 

8K8fflK8HBK8H 8 K8 H 8 H 8 H 8K8H8 H BHBflK88HBHB88KB 


t The toilfome end and conclufon of Sancbt Patifa't go* 


TO think the affairs of thw life are always to remain 
in the fame ftate, ia an erroneous fancy* The face 
of things rather feems continually to change and roll with 
circular motion ; rammer fveceeds the fpring ; autumn 
the fummer 5 winter the autumn 3 and then fpring a-* 
gainj fo time proceeds in this perpetual round 5 only the 
life of man is ever haftening to it's end, fwtfter than 
time iefclf, without hopes to be renewed, unlefs in the 
next, that is unlimited and infinite. This (ays Cid Ha- 
rriet, the Mahometan philosopher. For even by the 
light of nature, and without that of faith, many have 
difcoverM the fwiftneft and inftability of this prefent 
being, and the duration of the eternal life which is ex* 
peeled. But this moral reflection of our author is not 
here to be fuppos'd as meant by him in it*a full extent j 
for he intended it only to {hew the uncertainty of San- 
cho's fortune, how toon it vanilh'd like a dream, and 
how from hit high preferment he returned to his former 
low ftation. 
- It was now but the feventh night, after fo many days 
of his government, when the careful governor had be- 
taken himfelf to his repofe, fated not with bread and 
wine, but doy'd with hearing caufes, pronouncing fen- 
fences, making ftatutes, and putting out orders and pro- 
clamations : fcarce was deep, in fpite of wakeful hun- 
ger, beginning to clofe his eyes, when of a fudden he 
heard a great noife of bells, and m0& dreadful out-cries, 
aa if the whole ifland had been finking. Prefently he 
ftarted, and fat up in his bed, and liften*d with great at- 
tention, to try if he sould kam how he tins ujsroarmigh 


T$% Thi Jifi anfdte&muments 

concern him. But while he was thus hearkening in the 
darltj a great number of drums and trumpets were heard, 
aixfrehatibuad being added to the none of .the itcUa. and, 
the cries, gave fo dreadful an alarm, that his rear and 
terror increas'd, and ht wa» in-a (ad fionfternation. Up 
he leap'd out of his bed, and put on his flippers, the 
ground being damp, and without any thing ent in the 
world on but his mirt, ran and open'd his chamber-door, 
and faw above twenty men come running along the gal- 
leries with lighted links in one hand, and drawn fwords 
in the other, all crying out, Asm I mt lord' governor, 
arm ! a worM of enemies an sot into the island, and 
we are undone, unleJs year vahwr and coenu£r. re- 
lieve ut. Thtie bawling and ronniag with great rury/ and 
diwrder, they get to the does whir* Sendp. flood quite- 
fcarM oat of hit fenms. Amy arm, this moment, say 
lerd * cry*d one of *em> if yen have not a mind to he 
loft with the whole ifland. What would von have me 
arm for ? quoth Sanchc* Do I know any thing of arms 
or fighting, think ye? wby Wty* rata** fimd for Db» 
Quixote^ my mailer, he'll difpatch your enemiee in a 
tnce. Alas ! m I am a finner to heaven, I n n dn fl aa d 
nothing of this hafly fervice. Jot masnev my nad go- 
vernor, nid another, what a imnt-hetxtedaeeV is tfafe ? 
See I we Wing yea here arms offensive and doteiin>i ; 
arm yourfrif, and march to the- market place. Bk>ovr 
leader and captain at you ought, and (hew yoornlf a go- 
vernor. Why thenars* me, and good feck atttsnd me, 
quoth Sancho $ with that they brought him. two- large 
/Melds, which they had erevlfed, and without letting 
him put on his other clothes, ckappM *em over his shirr, 
and ry v d the one behind upon hie back, and the other he- 
fore upon his broajt, having got hie arms through feme 
heJet made en purpoft. New the miens being ffaaWd 
tohiebedy, as hard a* cords could hind 'em, the poor 
governor was cas'd up and immur*d as rrraight n an ar- 
row, without being aWefo much as to bead his knees, er 
fKr a ftep. Then having put a lance into his hand for 
h '"n to lean upon, and keep himfclf up, they datVd 
9 anarch* and lead 'em on, aod put life into *ee»all, 

• tdling 

of thi rtntntirid Dim Quixote . 153 

Celling him, that they did not doubt of victory, tince 
-«hey had him for their commander. March ! quoth San- 
cho, how do you think I am able to do it, (quees-'d as I 
am ? Thefe boards nick fo plaguy clofe to me, I can't 
io much as bend the joints of my knees 3 you muft e'en 
carry me in your arms, and lay me acrofs, or fet me 
upright, before fome paflage, and 1*11 make good that 
fpot o£ ground, either with this lance or my body. Fie, 
my lord governor, faid another, 'tis more your rear 
than your armour that ftiffens your legs, and hinders 
you from moving. Move, move, march on, *tk high 
time, the enemy grows ftronger, and the danger preffes. 
The poor governor thus urg*d and upbraided, endea- 
vour* d to go forwards ; but the firft motion he made, 
threw him to the ground at his full length, fo heavily, 
that he gave over all his bones for broken) and there he 
lay like a huge tortoife in his fliell, or a flitch or* bacon 
dapped "between two boards, or like a boat oyertimVd 
upon a flat, with the keel upwards. Nor hadthofe 
drolling companions the leaft compamonopon'feim at 
he lay $ quite contrary, having put out their lights, they 
made a terrible noife, and clatter'd with their fwords, 
and tramplM too and again upon the poor governors 
body, and laid on furioufly with their iwords upon hie 
ihields, infomuch, that if he had not Arunk his head 
into "em for inciter, he had been in a woful condition. 
Sqneez'd up in his narrow fliell, he was in a grievous, 
fright, and a terrible fweat, praying ftom the bottom of 
his hearty for deliverance from the curfed trade of 
governing iflands* Some kick'd him, fome ftumbl'd 
and fell upon him, and one among the reft jump*d full 
upon him, and there flood for fome time, as on a watch 
tower, like a general encouraging his foldiers, and giving 
orders, crying out, There boys, there ! the enemies 
charge moft on that fide, make goad that breach, fe- 
cure that gate, down with tfeofe dealing-ladders, fetch 
are-balls, more granadoes, burning pitch, rohn, and 
kettles of fcalding oil. Intrench your Helves, get beds, 
quilts, cufluons, and barricadoe the ftreets ; in (hart,!? 

caU'd lor all the inftnmeats of death, , and all the a 


?54 • 'TkHfran&atcbimHmmts 

gjnei etM for the defence of axity thatis bcfie&'dans} 
storm'd. Seafeho lay (hug), though iadly hraia*.d, and 
while he enfturM aUoutoly*. Oh that it wool* please the 
Lard, quoth he to. hlmTeU^fh4t this UUnd were? but 
toriben, or that I wereiaiifydead» or out of- thi&peck of 
troubles At left heaven heaf4 iji&.nrayers, and when 
heleeft expe&sdit, he heard 'em cry Votary j viaory! 
the: enemy?* routed. New my lini governor, riie, 
eome-and enjoy thr rruit*e£ oomjueft, and divide the 
spoils taken from the enemy, by the valour of your ia* 
visdbkjaras* Help me up, crv'd poor Sancho in a dole- 
ful too* ; and when they had tot hun on hi* legs, let all 
the enemy I have rontedV> quoth he), he 
(ouhoad: Til divide no fpcils of enemies: bus;- if X 
have, ofce friend here, I only beg he would give. j»e a 
dmuohc of wine to commit me, and .help to dry up the 
fret* nW I am in j for I am all over waters There- 
upon they wip'd him, gave him wine, and took off hi» 
fiietia.1 after that^ aa. he iat upon ms bed, what with 
his fidghty and- what with the* toil; he-had eadurfd,li*'kll 
ipmafaoori, infomveh* thatthofe who a&edthis Scene, 
began to repent they had. earned Wo far. Be tranche 
aecovering from hit fit in a, little time, they alfojeceverM 
fcom. their unenfineJk Being .come to himfclf, he aik'4 
what 'feme a dock * they anfwerM,, 'cwas .new break 
of* day* Hettaid npmin*> but,, withput any wprda, he- 
gut to put. on his clotbei. While this. wa» doing, and 
be cmaiau'sr ferioufly fHeat,. all the. eyes of the com- 
pany were inc'd upon, him* wondring what could be the: 
meaning of hit being in mehhafle to put on hkcletfce*. 
#t>la^hemadean.endof drofling himself, and creeping 
along foftly, (for he wat too much bniia'd to gp along 
way faft); heart totheftabk, fbUow.*d by all the com- 
pany^ and. coming to. Dapple, he emhrae'd the quiet 
animal, gave, mm a loving left on t&e; fathead, and, 
with tears in. His eyes, Gome hither,' (aid he, my friend* 
thou faithful companion, andreUev^uaier tamrtmvcJt 
and miferies ; when thee and I contorted together, end 
all. mv cants were bet to mead: thy furniture, and* reed 
* carcafe, thenJiappy were my days ,. my. months, 


of the rwmif&JSih Qcrix6*E. #5$ 

**! yean. Bet JTmce I forsook' thee, and elimber'd up 
the towers of ambition and -pride, a thousand woes, * 
thoatimd torments, arid feu* thomaad tribdlaitafls hire 
haunted and worry'dmy iojil. 'While Ike was talking 
thus, he -fitted- on 4ifr'pa**-faddle, no body Offering to 
fay any thing to Him. Tfeas <ione, with a great deal of 
difficulty lie •feouated his afc, and then addrefllag him- 
fciftothe-ftewam 1 , the^eeretaiy, the gentleman-waiter, 
and Dr 'Pddro Reno,' and many others tfeat'ftood by; 
Make way, gentlemen, fei^ he, arid 1 let me return to mf 
former 'liberty, let me go that .1 may iet k my old 
tourfeof fife, and rife-again from* that tfeafh thajE buries 
me here alive. 1 was not born to be a governor, • nor to 
defend tfiands nor cities' from enemies that break in upon 
'em, I know better what belongs to ploughing^ delving, 
pruning and planting of vineyards, than- how to make 
laws, and -defend countries and kingdoms.* oSt'Pafierfe 
*ery well at Rome t which is as much a*«rfay, let 
«rery one flick to the calling he was born- to. >A fpade 
does better in my band than a governors tnmeb«on«j 
and I had rather #« my belly with a mefs of plain fpOC- 
ridge *•, than lie at 'the mercy of a cotfcefflbly phytiefc- 
monger that ttarvei metoadeath. I had* father fblace 
my ftlf under th&fhade of an oak in fummer, and wrap 
my corps tip in a double' ' sheep JMn io -the •winter at my 
liberty, than lay m* down with thelkvery «<sf ♦ govern- 
ment m fine holkmtr meets, and cafe my hide in^furs and 
richeft fables. Heaven be 'with you, genUetbiks, and 
pray tell sny lord duke from me, that naked'!' was- born, 
-and< naked I am at prefeat. I have neither-won nor loft, 
which is as mach as. to fey, Without a penny I^ame-to 
*W» government, and without a penny! leave *it, <qufee 
contrary to what other governors of iflands ufe to do, 
when the)rleavc~*«!r. -Clearthe way t hen, "1 b e fe e oh 
you, and let me pafa ; I muft get my&f ^wrapp'd up all 
over in cere-doth ; for I donH think! have a found rib 

* Oaipacho': Te V* made -tf- oil, vinegar, water, fab* 
oftJfrite, with toajled bread. A firt of fiupemaigro 
fiyi SttvetCiDia. ' *f 

156 . - Jhe lift and atthiivtmtnts 

left, thanks ' to die enemies that have walk'd over 
me all night long. This muft not be, my lord gover- 
nor,, hud Dr Rezlo, for I will give your honour a 
bal&raick drink, that it a fpecihek againft rah>, disloca- 
tions, contuhons, and all manner of brui&s, and that 
will presently reftore you to your former health and 
Hbength. And then for your diet, I promUe to take 
a new courfe with you, and to fet you eat abundantly of 
whatfoever you pkafe. *Tfr too lite, Mr Doctor, an- 
fwer'd Sancho j you (hould as Jboa make me turn Turk, 
*s hinder me from going* No, no, thefe tricka Aib\ 
nais upon foe agajh, you fliaU as loon make me fly to 
heaven without wings, as get me to ftay here, or em 
catch me nibbling at a government again, though it were 
ferv'd up to me in a covered diflu - 1 am of the blood of 
the Pane*' a, and we are all wilful and pofitive. If once 
we cry odd, it (hall be odd in fpite of all mankind, tho* 
it be even* Co to then: let. the piimire leave behind 
him in this ftable, thofe wings that lifted him up in the 
air to be a prey to martlets and fparrows. Fair and foftly. 
Let me now tread again on plain ground ; tho* I mayn't 
wear pink'd Cordovan leather-pumps, I Jhan*]t wanta 
pair of fandals •'to my feet, Every iheep to her mate. 
Let not the cobbler go beyond his laft ; and fo let me go, 
for 'tis late. My lord governor, faidthe toward, tho* 
it grieves «a to part with your honour, yourfenJe and 
chnftian behaviour engaging us to covet your company, 
yet we would not prefume to ftop you againft your incli- 
nation ; but you know that every governor, before be 
leaves the place he has governed, is bound to give an ac- 
count of his adminiftratiQri. Be pleas'd therefore to do 
fo for the ten days f you have been among us, and 

# A fort offiatfandal orfboe made of hemp, or tfbui 
rujbes, artfully flatted, and fated to the foot \ went 
the poor people in Sfain and Italy* 
c -J- Mow comes the firward to fay ten days, robe* it 4 
plain Sanebo govern* d only ftven dayt I Jt **>fayt Jan*\ 
itber owing to forgetfulnejt in the author, or periapt t*i 

♦ a * 

- efibertmwftdDm Quixote. 157 

peace be with you. No man has power to call me to ao 
*cyoutV reply? 5*°^ ^»W« 4 ^f ty njy M du>e> 
af)$»fetaaei*. H*w t* lion frjstbat Jafeg°*g, a*} 
tio him 1*11 give a fair and fouare account. And indeed, 
going away fo bare as I do, there needs no greater figna 
that I have govem'4. like ap angel. Jn truth, faid Dr 
Rezio, (he great Sancho is in the right ; and I am of 
opinion, we ought to let him go ; for certainly the duk« 
will be very glad to fee him . Thereupon they all agreed 
Co let him pals, offering firft to attend him, and fupply 
fwn with whateytr he. might want in jbi? JQurnc y r skhar 
for entertainment or convenjency. Sancho told 'em, 
that all he denVd was a little corn for his afs, and half 
a cheefe, and half a |paf for himfelf > having occa/ion for 
no other provisions in fo ihort a journey. With {ha^ 
they all embraced hiaq, and he embrac'4 them all, not 
without tears in his eyes, .leaving 'em in admiration of 
the good fenfe which he difcover'd hotfi in hi§ cUfcourflp 
and unaltci'^blefclaJiMuQA. . 

* ■ 

neWfoktcfibtflfuwd^iiimAgvaing S*n$bo to b§ as igfWf 
Tint *fr€ckomt%At *f vfitivg. An4 i+jffi&ySattfkpi 



Vol.. TV, F CH> 

15$ . Tht lift and Gtcbisvtmnt* 


Which triati of matters that relate to this bijhry, mi 

iro other \ 

r*T* H E duke and duchefs refolv*d that Don Quixote'* 
I , challenge againft their vafTal. would not be inef- 
ftZhial ; and the young man being fl£d into Flanders, to 
•void having Donna Rodriguez to his mother-in-law, 
they made choice of a Gafcoin lacquey, namM Toiilos, to 
fuoply his place, and gave him inftru&ons how to ad 
his part. Two days after, the duke acquainted Don 
Quixote, that within four days his antagonist would meet 
him In the lifts, arm*d at all points like a knight, to 
maintain that the damfei ly'd through the. throat, and 
through the beard, to fay that he had ever promised her 
marriage. Don Quixote was mightily pleas'd with mis 
newt, promUughimfelf to do wonders on this occafion; 
and efteeroing it an* extraordinary have fab 
an opportunity to mew before fuch noble fpectators, how 
extenfive were his valour and hk ftrength. Chear'd and 
elevated with thefe hopes, he waited for the end of theft 
four days, which hi* eager impatkaeernade him think to 
many ages. 

Well, now letting them pais, as we do other matters, 
let us a while attend Sancho, who, divided betwixt joy 
and forrow, was now oarfais Dapple, making the beft of 
his way to his mailer, whofe company he valu'd mote 
than the government of all the iflands in the world. He 
had not gone far from his ifland, or city, or town for 
whatever you will pleafe to call it, for he never troubl'd 
Jumfelf to examine what it was) before he met upon the 
*°*d 9* pjlgrims, with their v*alking-ftaves ; foreigner! 3' 
they proved, and fuch as us*d to beg alms finging. As 


eftheretiotmtdDonQvixoTE, '159 

*ncy drew near him, they plac'd themielves m a row, 
and fell a finging all together in their language fomev 
thing that Sancho' could not underftand*, unlets it were 
one word, which plainly fignify'd alms 5 by which he 
goefs'd that charity was the burden and intent of their 
Jong. Being exceeding charitable, at Cjd Hamet reports 
him, he onen'd his wallet, and' having taken out the 
half loaf and half cheefe, gave 'em them, making 
figns withal, that he had nothing eMe to give i em. 
They took the dole with a good will, hut yet, net fa* 
twfy'd, they cry'd," 6udr, puk*. Good* people, 
«footh Sancho, I don't under&and what you would have. 
With that, one of 'em polTd out a purfe that was in his 
Worn, and Aew'd it to Sancno, by which he under* 
4ood, that 'twas money they wanted. But he, putting 
*its thumb to his mouth, and wagging his hand with hia 
ibur fingers upwards, made a fign that he had not a 
crofs ; and 4b dapping hit heels to Dapple* s fides, he be* 
pn to make way through the pilgrims : but at the fame 
time one of 'em, who had been looking oh him very 
eameftly, laid hold on him, and throwing his arms a- 
bouthis middle, Blefs me ! (cry'd he 'in very good Spa- 
nift) what do I fee ? Is it poffible ? Do I hold m my arms 
my dear friend, my good neighbour Sancho Panca? 
Yei, fure it nraft he he, for I am neither drunk nor 
faaming. Sancho wondring to hear hinifelf caB'd by 
his name, and to fee himfelf fo lovingly hugg'd by the 
pilgrim, ' ftar'd upon' hjm without fpeaking a word ; 
W, though he look'd ferioufly in his face a good while, 
he could not goefs who he was. The pilgrim obferving 
his amazement, What, faid he, friend Sancho, don't 
Von know your oM acquaintance, your neighbour Ri- 
ot* the Morifco, that kept a fcop in your town ? Then 
Sancho looking wiftly on him again, began to' call him 
to mind, at Jaft he knew him again perfectly, and dap- 
ping him about the heck without aljghting, Rjcote, cry'd 
ke, who the devil could ever have known ifhae tranf- 
aogriry'd in this mumming drefij Pjr'ythee who haa 

• Oucltc in Dutch h money. 

franehiryM thee at thit rale ? and how* durft that oftr 
to come' again into Spain? Should'ft thou oome'to be 
known, adad I would ,not be in thy coat for all the 
world. If thou doft not betray me* la*} the pilgrim, I 
am late enough* Sancho j for no body cam ko0w.BC in 
this di&uife. Bat let us get out of the road, and make 
to yonder dm grove $ my comrades and I have agreed to 
take a little refreshment there, and thou ihaitdine 
with ua. ' They are honeft fculs, 1*11 afthrethee.. Thee 
I /Kail have, an opportunity to tell thee howl June pan'* 
my time, fince 1 was fore d to leave the town, in obedi- 
ence to the king's edict, which,. as thou hnnwWfj & 
Severely threatens thofe of our unfortunate nation. San- 
cho consented, and Jticbte having ljpoke to the reft of the 
pilgrims^ they went all together to the grove, at a good 
diftanee from the road. There they laid by theix Aaves, 
and taking off their pilgrims weeds, remain'd in cner- 
no } all of 'em young handfome fellows, . except Rkote, 
.who was fbmewhat ftricken in years- Every one 
carry M his wallet, which ieem'd well fiirnifh'dV at kaft 
with iavotury and kigh-ieafon'd bits, the provocative to ! 
the turning down good liquor* They fie down on the 
ground, and making the. green, graft their table-cloth, 
prefently there was a comfortable appearance of bread* 
ialt, knives, nuts, cheefe, and foma bacon bonfs, «• 
which there were ftill ibme good pickings left, or which 
at leaft might be fuck'd. They alio had a kind of black 
meat call'd caveer, made of the roes of fMh* a certain 
charm to keep thirft awake. They aUb had good Bond 
olives, though none of themoifteft j but the chief gW 
ef the feaft, was fix leather bottks of wine, every pil- 
grim exhibiting one for his ihare $ even, honeft Ricott 1 
himfelf was now transrorm'd from a Morifco to a Ger* 
inan, and-clubbM his bottle, his quota making as good 
a figure as the reft. They, began, to eat like men tbst j 
tik'd mighty well their favoury. fare } and as it was very I 
teliihing, they went Jeifarely to work, to continue ths 
longer, taking bat a Kttie of every one at a time en the 
point of a knife. Then all at once they lifted up their 1 
ana* applying their own mouths to the mnuchi cf 


~- •» 


of ih$ renmrt i Dm Quixote. i6'i 

the bottles, and turning up their bottoms in the air, with 
their eyes nVd on heaven/like men tn an extafy, they re- 
mained in that pofture a good while, trahsfuhna; the blood 
and fpiritof the veflels into their ftomachs, and ihakina; 
their heads, as in a rapture, to exprefs tr^e pleafure they 
receiv'd. Sanctio admir*d ill this extremely ; he coold 
not find the leaft fault with it } miite contrary, he was 
for making good the old proverb, When thou art at Rome, 
do at they do at.Kome ; fo he defir'd Ricote to lend fcira 
his bottle, and taking njs aim as well as the *e#, and 
wirJi no left &tisfa&ion, 4hew*d *em he wanted ncjthe¥ 
method nor tyeath. Four times they careft'd the bottles 
in that manner,' but there was no doing it the fifth's 
for they were quited exhaufted, and the life and foul or 
*cm departed, which turn*d their niirth into forrow. 
But while the winelafted, all was well. * Now and then 
one or other of the pilgrims would take Sancho by the 
right-hana 1 , Spaniard and German all one now, and cry'd, 
Son campagno, 'Well laid", i* faith, anfwer'd Sancho $ 
Bon campagno, per die. ' And then'he would, burs out a 
laughing for half an 'hour together* without the 'leaft 
tonern for all* his late misfortunes^ or thelofs of his go^ 
Ttmment ; for anxieties ufe to have but littfe power over. 
the time that men fpend in eating or drinking. In fhort, 
as their bellies were full, their bones dehVd to be at reft, 
and fo five of 'eni dropt afleep, only Sancho and Ricote, 
^iwbad indeed eat' more, but drank left, ' remain'*! 
swake, and rernov'd under the cover of a beech at a 
fmall diftance, where, while the other flept, ftioote in 
good Spanifh fpoke to Sancho ta this ptirpore. 

Thou well knoweft, friend Sancho Panca, how the 
kte edict, that enjoih'd all thofe o"f our nation to depart 
the kingdom, alarm'd us all ; at lean me it did ; info- 
much that the time limited for our going was not yet ex- 
pir'd, but I thought the law was ready to be executed 
apon me and my children. Accordingly I refolv'd to 
provide betimes for their fecurity and mine, as a man 
dots that knows his habitation will be taken awav 
from him, and fo fecurea another before he is oW r 
ed to remove, So I Jpft qur town by royfelf, 

l6z The life and atcbievements 

went to fcek Tome place before-lund* where I might 
convey my. family, without expofing myielf to the 
inccjrveniencv of a hurry, like the reft that went j 
lor the wiled among us were juftly apprehensive, 
Jhat the proclamations iflued out for the baniih- 
ment of our Moorifli race, were not only threats, aa 
fomt flatter'd themfelves, but would certainly take effect 
at the expiration of the limited time. I was the rather 
inclia'd to believe this*, being confeioua that our people 
had very dangerous defigns; fo that I could not hot 
think the king was infpir'd by heaven to take fo brave a 
resolution, and expel thofe makes out of the boibm of 
the kingdom: not that we .were all guilty, for there 
were fome found and real Chriftians among us.j but their 
number was fa (mail, that they could not be opposed" to 
jtbofe that were Qtherwife, and it was not iafe to keep 
enemies within doors. . In foort, it was necefiary we 
Jhould be banUVd } but tfco* (brae might think it a mild 
and pleafant fate, to us it feemt the moft dreadful thins 
that could befal us : wherever we are, we bemoan with 
tears our bam&ment from Spain 5 for, after all, there 
we were born, and 'tis our native country. We find no 
where the entertainment our misfortune requires; and 
even in Barbary, and .all other parts of Africk, where 
we expected to have met with the beft reception and re- 
lief, we find the greateft inhumanity, and theworft 
tuage. We did not know our happinefs till we had loft 
it j and the deure which moft of us have to return to 
Spain, is fuch, that the greateft part of thefe that fpeak 
the tongue as I do,, who are many, come back hither, 
and leave their wives and children there in a forlorn con- 
dition ; (q ftrong is their love for their native place; 
and now X know by experience the truth of the laying, 
Sweet is the love of one's own. country. For my part^ 
having left our town, I went into France, and though I 
was very well received there, yet I had a mind to see 
other countries 1 andfopawog through it, I traveU'd 
into Italy, and from thence into Germany, where me* 
thought one might live with more freedom, the inha- 

$f the rtwmrfd Dvt Qvixott. i 

Intaats bong a s^c4-humonr*d foriahle people, that j 
to liie eafy with one another, and every body folio wi 
mm ways for there's liberty of conscience alJow'i 
the greateft part of the country. Tljefe, after I 
taken a dwelling in a village near Augfborgh, I ftr 
Into the company of thefe pilgrims, and got to be 
of their number, finding they were &me of thole i 
make it their ciifton* to goto nSpain, many of 'em ei 
year to vifit the places of devotion, which they look 
cm as their Indies, and beft market, and faith mean 
get money. They travel almoft the whole kmgd 
over, nor is there a village where they are not fun 
get meat and drink* and fix-pence at leaft in roc* 
AaA they manage matters fc* well, that at the enc 
their pilgrimage they commonly go off with about a hi 
dred crowns dear pies, which they change into gc 
and hide either in the hollow of their iaves, or 
patches of their clothes, and either thus, or feme ot 
private way, convey it uroally into their owns count 
in fpke of all lurches »t their going out of the kmgdc 
Now, Sancho, my defign in returning hither is to fc 
the trcafore that I left bury'd when I went away, wh 
I may da wkh the Jefs ineonveniency, by reafcn it 
in a place quite opt of the town. That done, I inti 
to write or go over myfelf from Valencia to my v 
and daughter, who I know are in Algiers, and' find < 
way or other to get 'em oyer to fome poet of Fran 
and from thence bring 'em ever into Germany, wh 
wewillftay, and fee how providence will djlpofeof \ 
fer I am Aire my wife Francifca and my daughter 
goodCathcdkk Chrimsns; and though I can't fay I 
as much a believer as they are, yet I have move of i 
Chriftian than of the Mahometan, and make it my c< 
nant prayer to the Almighty, to open the eyes of my i 
deritandmg, and let me know how toicrve him. w. 
I wonder at, is, that my wife add daughter Aoold rat 
chnfe to go for Barbary than- -for France, where tl 
might have hVd like Chriftian*. 

Look yon, Ricote> anfwer'd Sancho, mnyhaps, t 

Wat none of their fault, for to my kaowledgejohn 1 

a P 1C 

164 The Sfi <m& atetiteoetoekti 

pieyo, thy wife's brother, took 'em along villi kirn, 
and he, belike, being a rank Moor, would go where he 
thought beft. And I muftt^ thee further, friend, that 
1 doubt tbouTtlofe thy labour in going to look titer thy 
hidden tseafure; for the report was hot among us, that 
thy brother-in-law and thy wife had a great many pearls, 
and a deal of gold taken away from 'em, which, flwuld 
have been interrM. That may be, reply M Ricote, 'but 
I am fure, friend of mine, they have not met with my 
board 5 for I never would tell *em where I had hid it, 
for fear of the worft : and therefore, if thou wilt go 
along with me, and help me carry off this money, I 
will give thee two hundred crowns, to make the* eafier 
m the world. Thou know'ft I can tell *tis but low with 
thee. I would do it, anfwer'd Sancho, but I an't at 
a]l covetous. Were I in the leaft given to it, this morn- 
ing I quitted an employment, which had I but kept, I 
might have got enough to have made the walls of my 
houfe of beaten gold ; and before fix months had bees 
at an end* I might have eaten my victuals in plate. So 
that as well for this reafon, as becaufe I fancy it would 
he a piece of treafon to the king, in abetting his 
enemies, I would not go with thee, though thou wouMA 
lav me down twice as much. And pr'ythee, kid Ricote, 
what fort of employment is it thou hasieft ? Why, quoth 
Sancho, I have left the government of an ifland, and 
fuch an ifland as i* faith you'll fcarce meet with the like 
in hafte within a mile of an oak. And where is this 
- ifland, faid Ricote ? Where, quoth Sancho, why feme 
two leagues off, and it is ealTd the ifland of Barataria, 
Pr'ythee don't talk fo, reply'd Ricote 5 iflands lie a great 
way off in the iea ; there are none of 'em on the man 
land . Why not, quoth Sancho r I tell thee, friend Ricote, 
I came from thence but this morning, and yefierday I 
was there governing it at my will and pleafure like any 
dragon ; yet for all that I e'en left it, for this fame place 
of a governor feemM to me but a tjckliih and perilous 
kind of an office. And what didft thou get by thy go- 
vernment, afc'd Ricote ? Why, anfwer'd Sancho, I 
~- got fe much knowledge, as to uaderftand that! 

dfth* rmmn'd Dm QvirtbE. 165 

aauuB iiot fit to govern anything, aftitJs jtleatheadaf 

esattle i and that the wealth that'sgotin thefe kind of 

^pvcmmcntJ, cofla a man* a deal of labour aad toil, 

■—filling aad hunger; ftr ut Youriftutds, fp maau 

znuft cat next to nothing 5 tipcciaUy if they have phy* 

£dans to look after their health* I cad make neither 

Acad nor tail of all this, faid Ricott \. it feeml tome aH 

ssadsdc j for who would be fuch ajfimyktii at to give 

thee iAands to- govern? Was Che viorld^uite bare, of 

abler men, that they could pick out no body elm for. a 

m?vernor ? sVytbet fay no more, man, but come to 

thy fcaies, and confider whether thou wilt go along with 

sue and hela- me to carry off my hidden wealth, my 

nrafuny for X may well give it that tame* osedkiering 

bow much there isof it, and Til make a man of thee* 

as I have told thee. Hark you me* ftiootty anfirer'd 

Sancho, Vv already told thee my mindt lot it nrf. 

alee that I will not betray thee, andr £» a OeeTt name 

gp thy way, aad let me gominef mr 6dL wall. I wwt, 

That what** btneftty got may be hft> but vthaft Hi p$ 

vrillperijb and tin owntr too* Well, Sancho, faid Ri- 

cote, ru preft thee no further. Only pr*ythee tell me, 

wert thou in the town when my wife and daughter went 

away with my brother-in-law ? Ay marry was I, quoth 

Sancho, by the fame token, thy daughter look'd fo 

woundy handfome, that these was old crouding to fee 

her, and every body fiud me was the fineft creature 

o'God's earth. She wept, bitterly all the way, poor 

thing, and embraced all her fhe- friends and acquaintance, 

and begg'd of all thofe that rlock'd about her to pray for 

her, and that in fo earned and' piteous a manner, that 

fte e*en made me ihed tears, though I am none of the 

greateft blubberers. Faith and troth, many there had a 

'good mind to have got her away from her uncle upon the 

road, and have hid her } but the thought* of the king's 

proclamation kept 'em in awe. But he that ihew'd 

hiauelf themoft concerned, was Don Pedro de Gregorio, 

that young rich heir that you know. They fay he was 

up to the ears in love with her, and has never been feen 

lathe town fince ihe went. We all thought he wr 


1 66 The lift and uichUvMntts 

gone after fur, to Jfceal her away, but hitherto we 
heard no more of the matter. I have all along 
jealoufy, laid Ricote, that this gentleman lov'd 
daughter t but I always had too good opinion of my 
cote's virtue, to Hie uneafy with his pa/fion \ for tho« 
know* ft, Sancho, very few, and hardly any of oar wo- 
men of Moorifli race, ever- raarryM with the old Chrf- 
Itians on the account of love 5 and fo I hope, that of 
daughter, who, I believe; minds more* the duties « 
religion than any thing of love, will but little regal 
thia young heir*-* coortsnip. Heaven grant- fte suft 
quotl* Sancho, for elfe 'twou'd be the worfc nVembonfc 
And now, honeft neighbour, I mnft bid thee good bye, 
for I have ajaind to be with my maAer Don Quixote this 
evening. Then heaven be with thee, rrieS Sancho, 
laid Rkote. j I find my comrades have. fetch'd out their 
naps, and 'tis tJsne we tnouldmake the bell of our way. 
With that, after a kind embrace, Sancho lnounfed his 
Popple, Rkote took his pilgrim's faff, and ft thejf 
ported, . . 



♦ • 

of the rmwn'd Dan Quixot e. 1 67 

, .... 


What baft*** d to Sancbo by the vtvy, with tbtr dat* 
ten, which you vrili bane ftp more to do than to fee* 

SANCHO ftaid fo'long with Ricote, that the; 
night overtook him within half a league of the 
duke's caftle. It grew dark 5 however, as it was rum- 
mer-time, he was sot much uneafy, and chofe to go 
pot of the road, with a deiign to ftay there ,t31 the morn- 
ing. But as ill luck would have it, while he was feek- 
ing fonje place where he might reft himfelf, he and 
Dapple tumbled of a fudden into a very deep hole, which 
"as among the ruins of fome eld buildings. Aa he was 
falling, he pray'd with all his heart, fancying himfelf 
aU the while finking down into the bottomlei* pit } hut 
k was in no fuch danger, for by that time he had de- 
fended (bmewhat lower than eighten foot, Dapple made 
* full ftop at the bottom, and his rider found himfelf 
ftill on hi3 -back, without the leaft hurt in the world* 
Prcfcntly Sancho began to confider the condition of his 
k°n«, held his breath, and felt ail about him, and find- 
ing himfelf found wind and limb, and in a whole fkin, 
be thought he could never give heaven fufficient thanks 
for his wondrous prefervation $ for at _firft • he gave 
flimfelf over for loft, and broke into a thousand pieces* 
He grop'd with both hands about the walls of the pit, to 
ty if it were poflible to get out without help 5 but he 
found 'cm all fo plain, and fo fteep, that there was not 
the leaft hold or footing to get up. This griev'd him to 
the foul, and to increafe his forrow, Dapple began to 
fcife his voice in a very piteous and doleful manner. 
«hich piere'd his mailer's very heart j nor did the poor 
taft make fuch moan without reafon j for, to fay the 
tath, he was but in a woeful condition. Woe's me, 


cry'd Sancho, what fudden and unthought-of *tnM**«rt% 
every foothefaJL us poor wretches that Vr* in fthia naifa- 

able wori<M Who' wotrfd have thought that -he, who hat 
yefterday faw himfelf feated in the throne of an ifland 
governor, and had fetwnts 4ftd vaflh&athis beck, fliouU 
to-day find himfelf buried in a pit, without the leaft foul 
to help him, or comedo Jut relief ! Here we wetrketo 
pei^ with deadly hunger, Iandmyafi, if we.4oo'< die 
before, he of his bruifes, and I of grief and anguUh : at 
leaft, , I jhan't be to lucky as was. my rnaftcr Don Quix- 
ote, when he went down into the cave of the inrhanter 
Monte/inos. He found better fare there than "he could 
have at his own'houfe, the cloth was laid, and his bed 
made, and Jie faw nothing hut pleafant vinous : but I 
am like to fee nothing here but toads audihakea. Ua* 
happy erealu're'that I am ! what havcrny foolilh defigns 
and whimfies brought me to ? If ever *tis heaven's blef- 
ftd will that my bones be round, they'll be taken 
out of this dlfmai place bare, white, and frnopth, and 
thofe of my poor Papple with 'em, bv which, perhaps, 
it will be jenown whofe they are, at leaft by thofe wha 
fhall have tajfen notice that Sancho Panca never ftined l 
from hjs-afs,* dot his afs.frpm Sancho Pan^a. Unhappy 
creatures that we are* IJay again ! had we dVd at home 
among out friends, though we had mUs*d of relief, vm , 
should not have wanted pity . and fome tp cjofe our eyes 
at the jaft.gafp. Oh ! my dear companion and friend, I 
faid he to Sis a/s, how ill have I requited thy faithful 
fervices.? Torsive me, and pray to fortune the beft thoa 
carat to deliver us out of this plunge, and I here promlif 
thee. to fet a crown of laurel on thy head, that thoi 
may'ft be taken for no lefs than a poet laureat, and thy 
allowance of provender (hall be doubled* Thug Sand* 
bewaiPd his misfortune, and his afs hcarken*d to what 
he faid, hut anfwef*d not a word, fo great was the grief 
and' anguUh which the poor creature endur*d at the fan* 
time. . 

At Jength, after a whole night's lamenting and com* 
plaining at a mhesable rate, the day came on, and it*i 
ight having cocfirmM Sancho in his doubts of theimj 

efthf rejwqn'd Dm Quixof E. 169 

gMffibHity of gettiag jut of that place without help, be 
fSet up his throat again, and made, a vigojwus outcry, to* 
fcjy whether any hfldy might not hear him. But alas! 
all liis calling was hv.vain t, for all argund. then was no 
body within hearing and then he gppe jjpnfebf oyer for- 
dead and buried. He caft his eyes, on Dapple, apd fetinc 
iim extended ©a'thc group^ ani fadft down ia the 
xnouth, he went to him, and try 4 tft get him on hit 
legs, which with much, ado, by nieanjt of his afli/hncc, 
the poor beaft did at laft, being hardly able td (rand,, 
Then he tpok a hjpcheQtt of bread wf^f bif wallet, 
that had run the %ntfortUBc with *em, and giving it to 
the aft, whp toojc % .not at afl amift. and made no bonesj 
of ifc Here, (aid $mo&o 4 as if the beajlhad unjfcrftood 
him, A fa* farrow is belter than a lean. At length he 
perceiv'd on one fide of the pit a great Vole wide enough 
for a man to creep through tapping i. bc^drtw &> It, and 
haviagcxawrd through on all-fours, found that it; k4 
into* a vault wt enjiarg'd itfclf the farther. >t extended, 
which he ftrald eaiily.percenre, jhc fun Alining in to-* 
wards $* top of tte coj^pwrity^ Jfayin$ made this dip* 
cQvcry, he went bacjf to his aft, and like one that knew/ 
what bdong'd tq digging, with » ^°^, began to re- 
move the earth {bat. wasaboni the hole,, and -laboured fo; 
gffrftnaHy^thajt be Lpon made a rj*fla$e for his compa T 
nioa. Th^^aJ^him % t^h^Ucr, be led him alone 
fa|r and fgftlf thwfgh the cave , Jo try If lie cou*d not 
finf a waytogc* out on the other fide. Sometimes he 
weat in th* ftrfc, and Jbfietimes wjthpu> ligjit, but nc, P 
ver without , fear, fieaven defend me, .(aig he to him- 
felii what iMiearf of a cfrfcften haye { 1 This now, which 
to me is a fid; gaffer, fp my mailer, Don Quixote, 
woujd fe $ ra# adventure, m would look 0004 thefe 
cam agjl 4ungew as lojely/wdens, *nd ^orious pa,- 
beca, aadhope toJ?e Jed out o> thefe^ dark narrow cclja 

thrown way 3 *«'«£>, fW>#*, t*H*fc l PWi cb fC 

1 76 ; :: Yht&f* **d atchitvtmntt 

into (brae fine meadow 5 while I, lucklefi, hdpfeft, 
teartlefs wretch that I am, every- ftep J take, expert to 
fink, into fome deeper pit than this, and go down I don't 
know whether* Welcome ill hide, when it comet alone. 
Thus he went on,' lamenting and derpairing, and thought 
he had gone fomeVbat more than half a league, when, 
at laft, he perceiy'd, a kind of conrWd light, like that 
of day T break in at fbme.opefl place, butr which, to poor 
Sancho. feem^ a profpeft 0/ a paJTage, Into another 
w.orld, '. . ;'' , .' * • /' ft ' 
' But here Cid fjtonet' tiefoettgen leave) him awhile, 
and returns to ttoiT Quixote, whd entertain' d' and pleas' d 
JmnfelF.with t^ hj^of.a fpeedj\*mhat between him 
and the diAbno^iret, 'of lltonna 'fcbQYigoez'a daughter, 
whofe wrongs!* jdefigh'd to fee redrefiM on the appoint- 
ed day. ''. . * t ", \ m ', ~' ' 

tt happetfd oh,e nSommg, as lie was ^dHig bat to pre- 
pare and eperctie agai lift the time of battle, as he was 
practtfing.wfch R^ofinattte; the' hone/ 1a the middle of 
lis menage, >itch'd Jus feetnear qk brink of a deep 
cave j infomuch that" if 'Don Omkete. had not «s*d the 
beft of his fldil, he muft infallibly hate tumbled into it, 

Saving IpapM that oariger, he was tempted to look into 
e cave Without alighting^ and wheeling about, rode 
up td li NoW While he was fetisfying hir ctfriofity, aod j 
fexioufly rnyfi4g, ' he thought hifcean)' a nolle within, 
and thereupon lifVping, he could diflmgmu thefe wonfc» 
Which Xn/idoleral tone arofe out- of the cavern j Ho! 
above there f'R then* no good fchrfftiaft that hears me, 
no charitable kfclgftt or geatleman that will take pity of 
* finrie)r,bur#d alive, a poorgbVer&or without 1 gowm- 
;meri.t. I^on(^ixbte , iaj^d hfr T heaW' Stneho's vote, 
which did 1 not y little fnrpriaVJmn V arid "Tot Ids better 
fatisfaction. 'ratting his voice at riroch" a) *e eooU, 
Who-e that below, cry** he i " Who^that^e<mpttm f 
* Whff ffcoT)*aitlJerTohw forrow, cry*d Saaebo, tot the 
Woft wretched ^adcNS Pan$a, fcovtmor, Jo? lib Has iad 

of the rtnwrii Don QpixOTE. 171 

ration, and increased his amaaementj %r he.prejtntly 
imagin'd that Sancho was dead, and that faia foul was 
the*? doing; penance. Poflefc'd with tjiat fancy, I con- 
jttre thee, (aid he, ' by all that can conjure thee, aa I am 
a Catholik Ghnitian, to tell me who thou art/.' and, if 
thou art a foul in pain, let me know what thou would'tt 
iiare me Ao for thee 5 for rlnce my profeffcon is to affift 
and fuccour all that are abided in this, world, it fliall 
alio be to to relieve and help.thofe who ftan4 in need of 
it in the other, and who cannot, help ^bemielves. Sure- 
ly, Sir, anfwer'd he from below, you that fpeak to me 
fliould be my matter Don Quixote : by the. tone of your 
voice it can be no man die. Mv name i» Don Quixote, 
jreply*d the knight, and I think it (my duty, to .af&r. not 
only the living hut the dead in their necefiities. Tell 
me then who thou art, for thou filrft me with aftoniih- 
znent ? and if thou art my fquire', Sancho Panca, and 
dead, if the devil have not gqt t^eeV *i>A through hea- 
ven's mercy thou 'art in purgatory/ out holy mother, 
the Roman CathoHck church, has fiifficient fuf&ages to 
redeem thee from the pains thou endur'ft, and I myielf 
will folicit her on thy behalf, as far as my eftate will go * 
therefore proceed, and tell me quickly who thou art ? 
Why then, reply'd the voice, by whatever you'll have 
me 1 wear by, I make oath that I am Sancho Panca, 
your fquire, and that I never -was dead yet in my life. 
But only having left my government, for reafbns and 
caufes which I han't leilure yet to tell you, Jaft night 
unluckily I fell into this cave, where I am itiil, and 
Dapple with me, that will not let me tell a lye ; for, aa 
a farther proof of what I fay, he is here. Now what'* 
ftrange, immediately, as if the afs had underftood what 
his mailer (aid, to back his evidence, he tall a braying 
fo obftreperoufly, that he made the whole. cave ring a- 
gain. A worthy witnefs, cry*d Don Quixote.! I know, 
his bray, as if I were the parent of him, and I know 
thy voice too, my Sancho, I find thou art my real 
fquire ; ftay therefore till I go to the caftle. which is 
hard by, and fetch more company to help thee out of 
the pit into which thj fins, doubtwfo have thrown, tfc 

^7* * * ?&* Q& '*** ofcMevtmenfs 

Mafee hafti, t betefeth yon, Sir; qtioth Sfcncho, aod ftr 
ieavfcn*s Aloe come again astaft *s ytHi can, for I tan no 
1nn|er endure to he fere buried alive, and I am e'en dy- 

t>oa <tohote wen* with all fpeeA to. tie caftfe, and 
tevt the duke and dutnefs ah accemtt of Sancho's acci- 
dent,. V/loThy the* lid t«>t a iitth woftdct at ft, though 
tfety tc*ce>M fie, toUht ea% enough tafl in at the 
Tboitfcdf the cave, rthich had been there time out of 
rtind* ; tut thfy were rfiightily for ptVd to ht*r he had 
abdicated his fcoverjisnent before they had an account of 
t6i ccfthing away. 

In fhbtt, they lent 46tes> and other conVcniencies by 
^Hr-ftrvtt g to' fraWtfrn out, and atlaft with much 
^trouble tin noohr^ hoth hfc and mV Dapple wfere reftoted 
ffom that £i6omy t)it, td the rail enjoy meat of the light 
Sf^ran., At tie feme time a certain tchohribud- 
fctbVs aft^ttfasg fen hoisM upj fcft ia, faid be, 
tnoulu all Wo gjbyern&ft .cottae out of theffgoverntnents $ 
JttA«t!to>*retoiidrafcg*aODt6f this profound abyfs, 
$ele, ha)rV^afv*d, Arnifli d, and t is I fancy, without 
fc crofcm hfe pofckct. Hark yon, goodtfan Slander, it- 
fcryM Sahehol *tii flow eight or ten day* finee I began to 
tbtorft tits Aland that Was jtiven nfc, and m allthtt 
the* I rte>er'had , my 1 hefty-fufi hot once ; physicians hate 
AsJctuted me, enemies have trampled over me, and 
bntiieu rny bones, and i have had neither lenure to take 
bribes, nor to receive' my Jnft does. Now all this too- 
ndered, in ^iy opinioh I. did not deserve to come out h 
this ftfbion. && man appoints, and Cod diiappoints. 
Heaven knows heft what's beA rot us *H. We moil 
telte tone as ft comes, and our lot as it rails. Let no 
Malay, FHdrinknomoreof this Water. Many count 
their chickens before they ate hatch' d> and where they 
dspeet bacon meet with broken hones. Heaven knows 
»y mind, and I fay no more, though I might, Ne'er 
trouble thyfelf, Santfcb, faid Don Quixote, nor tobd 
what feme wiH fay, for then thou wih never have done. 
So thy confeisnee be dear, let the world talk at random, 
•s it nib to do. -One tn^aafauvtseiretfairinds, as 


0/ tb$ renown' d Don Qjmxot B. 1 7 j 

t£ft« tongues of flanderers. If % Kovejnor returns rkh, 
from his government, they lay he kas fleec'd and robb'd 
tivc people $ if poor, then they call him i41p fool, an4 
UFhuiband. Nothing fo fure, then, quoth Sancho, but 
this bout they'll call me a mallow fool, but for a fleecer 
or a robber, I fcorn their wor<fc ? I defy all the world* 
Thus difcourfing as they went, with a rabfeje. of boys 
and idle people about 'em, they at laft got to the caflie, 
where the duke and ducheis waited in the gallery for the 
knight and fquire. As for Sancho, he would not go un- 
to fee the duke, till he \n& feen his a/a in the fable, 
and provided for him ; for Jie fald, the poor beaifr had 
but wrry entertainment in his lift night's lodging : this) 
done, away he went to wait on his lord and lady, and 
throwing himfelf on his Jcneet, My lord and lady, (aid 
he, I went to govern your ifland of Earataria, fuch being 
your will and pleafure, though *twas youx goodneis more 
than my deleft. Naked I entered into it, and "^ fl I 
came away, I neither won nor loft. Wither I govern** 
well or ill, tjiereare thofe not far off can tell, and let 
them tell, if they pleafe, that can tell better than I. I 
have idblvM doubtful cafes, determined law-fuits, and 
all the while ready to die with hunger, fuch was the 
pleafure of Dr Pedro Rezio of Tirte a fuera, that phy- 
sician in ordinary to ifland governors. Enemies fet upon 
us in the night, and after they had put us in great dan- 
ger, the people of the ifland fay they were deliver'd, 
and had die victory by the ftrength of my arm, and 
may heaven profper 'em as they fpeak truth, fay I. In 
Hurt, in that time, I experienced all the cares and bur* 
dens this trade of governing brings along with it, and I 
found 'em too heavy for my moulders. I was never cut 
out for a ruler, and I am too clumfy to meddle with 
edge-tools, and fo before the government left me, I e'en 
refolv'd to leave the government ; and, accordingly, 
yefterday morning I quitted the ifland as I found it, with 
the fame ftreets, the lame houies, and the fame roofs 
to them, as when I came to it. I have aik'd for nothing 
by way of loan, and made no hoard againft a rainy day 
1 dcfisnN*! indeed, to have iffu'd out fevcral wjiolfof 

4^3 osdf 

1 74 ?B* y*f* a*d Achievements 

triers, Tmt dM hot, for fear* they mould nut be keptr, 
in which cafe ft fignities fto more to make *em than imr 
one siade f em not. So, as I laid before, I came away 
from the fromd without any company bat my Dapple. 
I feM into a cave, and went a good way through it, till 
this morning by the light of the fan, I fpyM the way 
out, yet not fo eafy, but that had not heaven (ent my 
mafler fcbji Quifcdte tb help me, there I might have 
Jfcaid till ddomVday. And now, my lord duke, and 
my lady duchefs, hire's yout governor Safccho Panja 
•gain, who by a ten days government has only pickM up 
fo much experience, as to know he would not give a 
iltrawito be governor hot only of an ifland, but of the 
verfal world. TOs being allow'd, kifling your ho- 
nours hands, and doing wefe the boys when they play at 
trufie or taife, who cry, Leap yon, and then let roe 
leap ; fo Heap from/the government to my old mafter's 
service again. For after all, "though with him 1 often 
eat tny bread in bodily fear, yet ftill I fill my belly j and, 
for my part, To I have but that well fluff 'd, no matter 
whether it be with 'carrots or with partridge. 

Thus Sancho toncwded his long fpeeth, and Don 
Quixote, who all the while dreaded he would have faid 
sTtnouland hnpertinencies, thank'd heaven in his heart, 
finding him era with fo few. The duke embracM San- 
fcho, and told him, he was very forryhe had quitted hit 
government fo'foon. fear that he wouM give him fome o- 
the* employment rjurt mould be lefs troublefome, and 
more profitable;' The duchefs was no lefs kind, giving 
order he mourn want for nothing, tor he fetmM fadly 
feruii'd and out of order. 



qf thg nnown'd Don Qvixotz. 175 



yf the extr&btattttny ttiia mt&ccoitfit&blt cunwttt hetootn 
Ben ^aixctr <k h Matt&a, *n& the laequey Ttfilos, in 
vindication of the matron Dmma Redriguc*** &tv%bttr* 

ripHE duke and ducheft were not ferry that the in- 
1 terlude bf Sancho's g o v e rnm ent had been play'd* 
especially when 'die fteward, who came *hat ray day, 
gave 'em a full and diftinft account of every thing the 
governor had done and laid, during his admmrrrration, 
ufing his -very exprefilons, and repeating almoft every 
word he had moke, concluding with a defcription Vf the 
forming of the tfland, and Sancho's fear and abdica- 
tion, which ptovedttb^macceptaMeentettaiiwieftt. 

And now the $5frory relates, that the day appointed 
for the combat was come, nor had the duke forgot to 
give his lacquey, Toffios, *H requiftte faftruftions how 
to vanguHh Don Qupcote, and yet neither kill nor wound 
him ; to which pvrpofe he gate orders that die ffcetrs or 
fteel-heads of their lances fhotdd be taken off, making 
Don Quixote feriflble that Chriftianity, for which he had 
fo great a veneration, did not admit that fech conffAs 
ftouid fb much endanger the lives of the combatants, 
and that ft was enough he granted him free Ms in nit 
territories, thottgh it was againfl the decree of the holy 
council, which fbfb&s fuch challenges ; for which rea- 
fon he detired him not to jrofli the thing to the utmoft 
rigour. Don Quixote reptyM, that Ms grace had the fole 
ductal *>f afl*th%s, and it was only nis duty to obey.. 

And now the dreadful day being come, the duke 
carrfd a fpacious fcaffold to be erected for the judges 
of the field (JrbjrirJe, atf tettetafcrofl^httdfcttgk- 
tcrj the'ptaln'tgff, * 

1 79 lot Lije ana atcntevemems. 

• An infinite number of peddle flock'd from air 
peighbouring towns and Tillages to behold this wonder- 
ful new kind of combat, the like to which had never 
ImsS feen or fo much as heard of in tftolS fists, clthe* 
by the living or the dead. 'The firft that made his env- 
trance at the barriers, was the martini of the field, who 
came to furvey tbe ground, and- rode all over it, that 
there might be no foul play, nor private holes, or con— 
trfyance to make one {tumble or fall. * After that esy 
fer'd the matron and her daughter, who fea&d $em- 
{elves $n 'their places^ ^ 1Q deep mourning, their vjrils 
clofe to their eyes, and over their brcafts, with no finall 
jksnonibatioQS of (brrow. Presently at one end of the 
lifted, field appeared the peedej* champion, Don Quiabte 
de Ja Ma/ich* : A while after, at the. oriiej 4 enter? the 
grand lacquey, Tofilos, attended with a great number of 
trumpets, and mounted on a mighty fteed^ that (hook 
the very earth, The vifor of his^ helmet was oown, and 
he was arm'd eap-a-pee in uuniqg armour of proof* 
His courfer was a flea-hitten horfe, that feem'd of Frief. 
land breed, and had a quantity of wool about each of his 
fetlocks. The valorous combatant came on, well tu- 
tor' d by the duke his mailer, how to behave himielf to* 
wards the valorous Don Quixote de ^ Mancha, being 
wara'd to fpare Jjps life by all means, and therefore to 
avoid a ihock in his firft career, that might otjierwife 
prove fatal, fliould he encounter him dire&ly; TofiW 
fetch' d a compafs about the barrier, and at laft made s 
{top right agaioft the two. women, cafting a leering eve 
upon her that had demanded him in marriage. Then the 
marshal of the field calj'd to Don Quixote, said in tlje 
prefence of Tofilos, aik'd the mother and the daughter, 
whether they confented that Don Quixote de la Mancha 
Uiould vindicate their right, and whemer they would ftaod 
or fall by the fortune of their champion > they £ud they 
did, and aliow'd of whatever he mould do in their be- 
half, as good and valid. The duke and duchefs by this 
time were feated in a gallery that was over the barriers, 
which were furrounded by a vaft throng of fpe&ators, si) 
waiting to fee th$. Yij^rous ancj nfiVer-^ore-ie^n, coy- 

if thi rttwivftd DottXQiKbTZ. %tf 

ffia. Thtcbe^fciens of the combat were thcJe* That if 
Don Qoiintte were the compieroT, hn Opponent Jhookt 
tnAity Doom RoArigttt^i daughter; but if. tht knight 
were. o*«rtorne, tfaib the vidbr Aould be difeharg'd 
from hit prottoUbj ditt) not bonnd to .grre her aiy other 
fetisfaftitn* Thanvtfaniromwnl of the field placed each 
of thee* on iito ^ whence they ihonld fast} eroding 
eqii^t<iwomthmthc«d»aot»geofthe t^tmi^, that 
neither Of them tnight have tbefuftinhtt^yea. And 
now die dr^tte heat* and theckngnr of rhetrwdipetsi*- 
ibunded through' the ah § the earth, (hook nonet Yam* 
and the hearts of theuarneions fpe&atocs went in fofc- 
penfe, tat fairing, njthert fcteeclfai ihe. good orbed 
iflbt if the haft!** Pan QnitnirrttrtrnaM»diag hhnfrtlf 
with all his fool to Jrawejft, and hb lady fXilofenedelT*. 
bofo, flood averting when the pcciafcngndfbrthtoft. 
fct AoaJd bo giv e n > Bu t opt barley's mind was. Other- 
wife empfcy'2, and all his thoughts were upon what i 
am going m tail yen* 

it Acta*) ns he ftood locking on his rernato enemy, 
fee appear'* to him the aooft beautiful woman he had 
little bfind aashet, towhoxn the world gives the name of 
low, he took hn advantage, and fond of itnotosing-his 
tn*niehs,tho*j|fek were bat over the fool of alaoauey • j 
he csnee vf to hjei Jbftry, and without being perceived 
by any one, ho Aot m± arrow two yards long into the 
poor fcottean'l ifeforamartly, that his heart was nierc*d 
through and throwght a thing which the rn/chrevoue 
boyctold ea%4ttv| for love ia hvrifiUe, and has free 
ingraft or egreft where ho nlentea, at a lhofrnnart-onnt* 
able rafts. Via iNst know then, theUnhen the iignal 
for the, ante win ejbren, nor kctnie} was in an extafy, 
ttanJporttd with the thftnghts of the beaaty -of his lovely 
canny, inf<ntititb that he took no ntanner of notkb of 
the trainee?* found $ qefre contrary to Don Qnnote, 
who no (boner heard it, hot dapping fpnta to his horde, 
lie began to mate towards hit enemy with Brifiante's 

W »i m> 

* Lectjuna, jt lacqneap. foul. . A «• \r4 inswV fi 

178 r Tbt lift enul atchuvmet&s 

bcft fpeed. At the lame time -Jut good fo^nte Saacho 
Panca iessng him ftgrt, Heaven he thy guide, cry Mir 
aloud* thou eream and flower of cmValry^inaat, heaves 
give thee tfacvs&bryy fince thou haft right on thy fide. 
Tofilos n\wDoAQui»W< coming towards him* yet is- 
4*sd of taking hit cases? to cnomnter him. ) without 
leaving the plsos, he cali'd a*, kmd as he* could to the 
marfhal of the field, who thereupon rode up to him to 
lee what he woukLhave. * Sir, find TotUos, i* not this 
4kielto botbu§ht> that I may marry yonder youog lady, 
or let it alone r Yes, aiirwcr'd the maribaL Why then, 
laid the Jaoeney, I feel a burden upon my conscience, 
and am sennokl mould hare Afreet deal to answer for, 
should Iptocead any farther ta this combat j not there- 
fore I yield myfelf vanqmnYd* vend defire I may many 
the latytJ^ moment* The tnaiihal of the field was tW- 
pris'd, and, at he was *rhry tn the duke's contrivance 
*f that bufineft, the lacquey? a. unfisyftrd fubmimon, 
nut him to focha nonplus, that he knew not what to an* 
iwer. Oh thi other fide, Don Quixote ftopt in the mid- 
dle of ms career/ feeing his adveStiy did not put himfetf* 
in a pdfture of defence. The duke, could not imagine 
why the hussnew of the fie|d was at a ftaod, but the 
marihal having intornVd him, hsVwas amas'd and in I 
great paffion. In the mean time, Tofilos approaching 
donna Rodrignee, Madam, cty'£ he, I am willing to 
marry your .daughter, there's no need of law-inks, nor 
of combats in the matter, I had rather make an end 
of it peaceably, and without the hasafd of body andibuL 
Why then, faidthevslomasDoAiQuMote, hewing this, 
fines •tk fo> I- am dUcharg'd bf my projnue | set 'era 
e'en many swOed's nemt, and s*su*n blefs 'em, ^ 
give 'em joy. At thd same tune the dnke coming I 
down wJthm the lifts, and applying himfclf to Tonics, 
Tell me? knight, find he, is it trtav that yon yieM : 
without fighting, end that at the iamjjstion of tout ti- 
morous oon f ci e nc f, you are resolv'4 to marry due dasv 
fel ? Yes, an't pleafe your, grace, enfwer'd Tofilos. | 
Marry, and I think 'tis the wi&ft cowrie, quoth Sanchoj 
> what tajs the provejb, wfetfthnjaonfc would get, 

rf the nmwii Dm QuixofK. 179 

pre tfe «t, a»4 keep thy fclf out tftroibW. In the 

mean while Tofilba began to unlace I his hebnet-, and 

caU'd out that famebody might help him 4ff with it 

quickly, as befog fa choak'd with his armour, that be 

was fcifte ahieto brwthe* With that they took, off hit 

helmet with all speed, and then tha hajiey*tftce was 

plainly ditoover'dv -Donna R^rit^ arid her daughter 

patching it, ptefcattly, a cheat \ a cheat ! > cry'dthey t 

they have got Ttofibtt my hard dnke's lacquey tocoun* 

terfeit toy lawful httfbaad ; justice of heaven and the 

king » this k a piece of malice anetttacbety not fo ho 

ttdVd. Ladies,, foid Don Quintfe, eWt tsk you* 

*tlves, there's neither mence rjc&treachsrytts the case* 

or if there be, the cake is not in the feult % »o, thofc 

evil-minded u e umnj ucers that perfecute me, am the 

total, who eavyagthe glory I JhoriaShsv* got by this 

wmbat, have transformed therlacertf my adve*fey, isto 

this, which yon fee a the duke** lacquey, . But take my 

advice, Madam, added he to the daughter* ?nd in fpjtt 

of the baieneft of my ^enemies, many him, mr I dam 

e °S>m *tis; the very than 700 dahn as your buflwnd* 

The duke hearing this; angry as he was, could hardly 

forbear iofing all his indignation m laughter. Italy; 

{** he, ie manly Jeateaordmary accidents everyday be* 

» the. great Dbn*Qoj:aote, that I am mcKnabfato be. 

tare this is not my lacquey, though he appears. to 

** fo. But for our better fotisra&ion, let us defer 

™ carriage but a fortnight, and in the mean while keep 

m dole cuftody this perfon that has put us into this cdn- 

j™°& j perhaps* by that time he may refume his former 

looks, for doubtleu tfce maike of thefe mifchierous ma~ 

f**M agamft the BeUe Don Quixote, cannot laft lb 

long, efpeoally when Aey find all tEefe tricks and tranf- 

formations fo little avail. Alack-a-day ! Sir, quoth 

Sancho, thoie plaguy imps of the devil are not fo foon 

fo'd as you think for; where my matter is concern**, 

™3T w'd to form and deform, and chop and change this 

uto that, and that into t'other. *Tis but a while ago 

** they^ tranfmography'd the Knight of the Mirror* 

'whom he had overcome, into a fpecial acquaintance 


%8o rVheMfianiatcb'kmamn 

put, the .bstsfaddr Samffoa €amt&6 ef ot*r vftUgt} 
and at fer the lady Dnleinea del Tabafo* our miltrc6, 
fhc* tovt tarifckM and fae*deiriTd fear into the? fope of 
a mecr toantrT-Uouxc ; and 4bl?ctiiy ttok |hji fimcy 
fellow hoe, h £ka tb die a footznjavaiid will Uv* a loot- 
jbm all tlje day* of -hia lift. WeH, cryf 4 the daughter, 
fet him be what hewill, if he'H hate ntf, I'U h*ve hun. 
I eughv't* thank him, for i had nance be* lackey's 
wife, thajiae^ndemanVcaii-pBY priftaeft; ^eftta, he 
that deluded me i* nogentktaaaawitlier. Tab* tort, 
the tarn of the raster was, that To^oa ihjnrid be* cea- 
■V4 toiee^adut hia tjanafoonetion vunM come to, 
pon Qgitbtt *ra* .etadaitt'd fiftor by genet*! eenfrafc ; 
and the aeople-weaJD away, maffiaf "em i*Jy aaaht out 
•f htmiDur, :becau£B the ceribatanta Jtad vat cat one ana* 
ther to pipe* to inajte *em fpert ^ according to the en* 
Anm,«f 4a*~«x*j«g rabble, to be .forry, when, after 
#wy have Raid, in bbeesto fed ainan baag'd, he baa? 
pens to be paTdtnVd* either bytht party he haft wtong'd, 
or the soagiftrate. The jcsowA Ming diapered* tbt 
duke ami duehefa teturnM with £aon Qmbtbt* iolo 
fiat caaMa \ Tfefiioa <vras feeac'4* and fetpt clefe : aifor 
Poaoift Ro^aee and hendan^tfer, they weBttrerf vtll 
pjeafd totfee, one way or other, tfeat ato bufiaeft IrejiU 
eai Jn^bJaeriage ; and Ta&e«e>^dttmfclf we* *• 
Wee eqaedbtion. 


cf tht renowt d Don Qtn xqte 18 1 


t&*D thn Shixpte ttoJk bis teaOe tf the duke, and 

<m)bat fxtffcf bertvegn bin and"tbi witty <tvavto/t 
jSttfdora ibt ducbifiU dam/eh 

£VON Quixote thought it now time to leave the idle 
f life he led in the cattle, believing it a mighty 
t, thus to /hot himfelf up, and indulge his fenfual 
appetite among the tempting varieties of dainties and de- 
lights, which the lord and lady of the place provided for 
His entertainment, as a knight-errant j and he thought 
he was to gjve a ftrict account to heaven for a courfe of 
lire? to opposite to his active profefiion. Accordingly, one 
day he acquainted the duke and duchefi with his lentl* 
meats, and begg'd their leave to depart. They both 
feenf d very unwilling to part with hin, but yet at laft, 
yielded to his ihtreaties. The ducKefs gave Sancho his 
wirValetters, which he could not hear read without weep- 
ing. Who would have thought, cry'd he, that all the 
mighty hopes with which my wife fwelTd htrfelf up at 
the news of my preferment, mould come to this at bit, 
and now I ihould be reduced again to trot after my ma* 
iter Don Qgixote de la Mancha, in fearxh of hunger and 
broken bones ! However, I am glad to fee my Terefa 
was like hexielf, in fending the duchefs the acorns j 
which if me had not done, me had fhew'd herfelf a dirty 
ungrateful few, and I mould have. been, confounded mad 
with her. My comfort is, that no man can fay the prt^, 
fent was a bribe j for I had my government before (he 
I fent it, and *tis fit thofe who have a kindnets done *em, 
ihould ihew them&lves grateful, though it be with * 
fmall matter. In wort, naked I came into the govern- 
ment, and naked I westt out of it j and' fo I may f 
Vot. IV. & 


l8l '^fbi tif&jind auhievHnents 

for my comfort with a Cafe confdcnce, naked I came 
into the world, and naked I am ftili : I neither won 
norc W, <g»f s 4b ^uy*mttt$r, » 6me»^»,*Jet*iae tell 
you. Thefe were Sahchb's fentiments at liis depar- 

Don Quixote hating tak£n hiaJbJenin leave of Che 
duke and duchefs over-night, left his apartment the 
fiext morning, and appear-d in his armour in the court- 
yard, the galleries all. round, about beinjg filTd at the 
lace time with the people o£ the houfe f, the duke and 
duchefs being alfo got thither to fee him ; Sancho was 
upon his dapple, with his cloak-bag, his wallet, and bis 
provifion, very briflt and chearful y for the ftewarf that 
acljed the part of Trifiiltii, had given him ? ourfe, with 
two hundred crowns in jjoid to defrty ,etpences ? which 
was more than Don Quixote 1 knew at* that time. AM 
now while every body lookM to lee 'em fet forward, on 
a fudden 'the . arch arid witty Altifidofa ftarted from the 
feft of the <Kichefs*s damfels and attendants that ftood by 
among the teft, - and in. a doleful tone, atfdrefs'd hcrfelf 
to him in the follow doggrel rfrimes. 

• tht Mock Farewcl. 


SV'AY, cruel Pofy *' 

Do mi he gjnie, 
JVbr give tfy btrft the rowef: .• 
For every jag 
Vbt,u gwty thy nag, 
Decs frkk me to' the bovfeh, 

/Thou dhjt not Jbun 
Seme btttter*d bun, 
0r drab without a rag on : . 

Alast Jam 
' A very t lamBy '; c \ 

Yet love like an, drdgw. ' ' .' ' . ' 

» - - - • » * - - ' <7$gs 

cfttvrfwUm^d Dm Q?JL*OTE. l8| 

Thou didft deceive 

And now deft leave 
A lafs, as tight at any 

That ever food, 

In bill or wood 
Near Venus and Diana* 

Since tbou, falfe fiend, ' .!. 

When nymph i tip friend, 
JEneas like deft bob her J 

Go rot and die, 

Soil, roaft, or fry, 
With Bart abas the robber. 


.> i 

Tbou tak*ft thy fight, 

Like ravenous kite, 
¥bat holds within his poun'ett 

A tender bit, **" V 

A poor Tom-tit, .. . l " 

Tim vp£{p <rawp £* flountftU 

The heart of me, 

And night-cttifs three, 
With garters twain you plunder J* *' 

-Frow Am of hue, 

White, black, and blue, *" ' 
So marbrd o'er you'd wonder* "• 

7Vo0 tboujand groans, 

And warm ahones, 4 

Artftuff*d within thy pUtlon : 

The leaft of which, 

Like faming pitch, - , * 

Might have burnd down old' Viert. 

R * Sin 

J84 *tbt KftMnd atchitvtnunti 

Since thou, falfe fend, 

When nymph's thy friend | 
JEntat Hit dof bob ber\ 

Co, rot, and die, 

Soil, rcaft, or fry, 
With Barrabas tie robber* 

As Jour as crab, 

Againfl thy drab, 
May be thy Sanctis gizzard I 

And be ne'er thrum ... 

His brawny bum, 
To free her from the winmrd. 


May all thy flouts, 

And Mien doubts, 
Me fcor d upon thy dowdy { 

And fie nter freed, 

For thy mifdecd, 
From rufty phiz, and clopdjt 

May fortunes curje 

From bad to worje, 
Turn all thy befl adventures j' 

Thy joys to dump*, 

Thy brags to thumps, 
jind thy beft hopes to banters. 

Since thou falft fend, 

When nymph's thy friend, 
JEneas like daft bob heri 

Go, rot, and die, 

Soil, roof, or fry, 
With Barrabas the robber* 


of the temwrtd Don Qui xot B. 185 


Maffi thou incog • • j , . . 

&nemk tine *a dog, 
^And o'er the moutuabtt trudgt it \ ' ' ' ' ' 
i From Spain to Cola *, • 

From U/k Jo Wales, ■ c » ' i 
Without a craft in budget* ». :. 

1 ■ •» ■*» * i' 


?* //sy «t tukijk, ■ 
In hopes of aiming ticbe\ j 

J3w mant of trump 

Stir ev*n thy rump, 
And loft- tbf <&erj breetbtt% * 

May thy corn* ake, 

Ihtn peu-dmife take, * ' 

And xut thee ta the raw-bone* 

With touth-acb mad, 

N* -atfebe bad, 
Tho 1 fuaxh pall out thy flrut-btoe* 

Since thou f m $ fend, ' 

H%e* nymph' m thy friend, >' 
J&neOf like dtfi. bob her \ " ' ' 

Co, rot, and die, 

Bvii, rtaft, or: fry, 
With Burrabai the robber* 

■ f • • • • i 

Thus Al^idora exprefled W rfeferitfents, anittori 
Quixote, ' who look'd on her ferioufly / a lf the while, 
would not anfwer a word 5 but turning to Sancho, dear 
Sancho, faid he, by the memory of thy fore-fa;hers, I con- 
jure tfcee to tell me on* truth ; Say, % haft thou any mght- 
• . • & 3 coifs* 

.. ' . » 
* G$od Spanifh Geography. 

1 86 The- life and atchievementT 

coi/s or garters that belong to this love-fick damsel ? Tfce 
three night-coifs I have^qnoth Sancho ; but as for the 
garters, I know no more of 'cm than the man in- the 
moon. The dnchefs being wholly a tanget to this 
part of Altifidora's frolick, was aroaaM toiee her pro- 
ceed To for in it, though &e knew her to be of an arch 
and merry difpofition. But t^e duke being pkafcd with 
the humour, refolv'd to carry it on. Thereupon ad- 
drefiing himfelf to Don Quixote, Truly Sir Knight, 
laid he, I do not take it kindly, that after fuch civil 
entertainment as you have had herein my eaJUe, you 
ftould offer to carry away three njght-coifs, if not a 
pair of garters befides, the- proper goods and chattels of 
this damfel here prefent. This was not done like a 
gentleman, and does not make gocd the chancier you 
would maintain in the wurM ; therefore reftore her 
garters, or I challenge you to a mortal combat, without 
being afraid that your evil-minded inchantere mould alter 
my face, as they did my footmanV Heaven forbid, 
faid Don Quixote, that . I mould draw my fword agaiaft 
your moft uluftrious perfon, to whom I ftand indebted 
for fo many favours. No, my lord, as for the night- 
<oifs I will caufe them to. be reftor'd, for Sancho talk 
me he has 'em j but as for the garters, 'tis impoffibk, 
for neither he nor I ever had *em \ and if this damfel 
of your's will look carefully among her things, I dare 
fay flic'll find 'em. I never, was a pilferer, mr Jotd, 
and while heav'n forfakes me not, I never wall be 
guilty of fuch bafenefi. But this damfel, aryou ma? 
perceive, talks like one tha.t is in love, and aCCulb me 
•f that whereof I am innocent ; fo that not regarding 
her little revenge, I have no need to aik pardon either 
of her or your Grace. I only beg you'll be pleafed to 
entertain a better opinion of me, and once more permit 
me to depart. Farewel, noble Don Quixote, fatd the 
duchefs ; may providence fo direct your courft, that 
we may always be blefs'd with the good news of your 
exploits ; and fo heaven be with you, for the longer 
you ftay, the more you inrreafr the names in the hearts 
*f the damicis that gaze on you. As for this youflg 

- - • inducreet 

rf the renown 1 d Den Quixote. 187 

todifcreet creature. Til take her t& talk fo Jeverefy, fte 
/hall not mifbehave herfelffo much as in a "wore* or 
look for the future. One word more, I befeech you, 
O valorous Don Quixote, ' cry'd AltHidora t I beg your 
pardon for faying you had ftol'n my garters, for i' my 
confcience I have *em on : but my thoughts ran a wool-- 
gathering ; and | did like the countryman/ who, look'd 
for his aft while he was mounted on his back. - Marry 
come uj», cry'dSanchOf'whom did they take me for, 
trow ? A concealer of ftofti goods, no indeed $ had I 
been given that way, I might have had opportunities 
enough in my government. 

Then Don Qfcfrote bow'rf his head, and after he had 
made a low obei&rice to the duke, the dueheft, and 
all the company, he turnM about with Rofinante j and 
Sancho following him on Dapple, they left the ctftle, 
and took the road -for 'Saragoua, 

e h a p. Lvm 

Htrw advtntum trouded fo thick and tbrttfite vn Dtw 
Quixote, tbatthy trtf uf#n 9n* aMbafs btdh. 


O N Quixote no fooner breathed the air m the 
open neld, free from Altiiidora's amorous im- 
portunities, but he fancyM himfelf in his own .'element 5 
he thought he felt thefptrit of knight-errantry reviving 
in hjs breaft ; and turning to Sancho, Liberty) fiid.he, 
Friend Sancho, is one of the moft valuable buffing* that 
heaven has-befteVd on mankind. Not aU the treadtrea 
conceal'd in the bowels of the earth, nor thoft in the 
bofbm of die fca, can be compared with it. For liberty, 
a man may, nay ought to, hazard even his life, at well 
as for honour, accounting captivity the greateft mMery 
he can endure. I tell thee this, my Sancho, becauP 
thovwvtawitads of the good chear and plenty wW 

*8$ . "*32* > lifcxwdwtfh'uvmttits 

Jwt met .wi*h,hi the caftle $ yet in the mid£ of thofe 
&Ucjous feafts, among thofe tempting dUhes» and thofe 
liquors coolM with Jaow, methought I fufVer'd the ex- 
tremity of hunger, because I did. not enjoy them with 
that rreedom. -as if xhey had. been -my own : for the 
obligations, that He upon us to make fuitable seturns for 
Icindneiflis receiv'd, are ties that will not let a generous 
mind be free; Happy the man, -whom heaven has 
fclefs'4 with bread, for which oblig'd to thank 
jkin4[ heaven . alone I For all thefe fine words, quoth 
&aochc> , 'tis not proper for us to be unsjiaakful for two 
hundred fcood crowns in gold, yrluch the duke's fieward 
gave me in a little purfe, which I have here* and 
cherifli in my bofom, as a reJkk againir, neceffity* and 
a comforting cordial next my heast.againft all accidents $ 
for we are not like always to meet with cafUet, where 
we fhall be made much of. A peafecodis on't I we are 
more like to meet with dainn'd inns, where we snail 
be rib-roafted. 

tl Ai th> ^aftdrthg }u&%h\ aid tqoW went difcodrfing 
o? this and other matters, they had not rode touch 
snore than a league, 'ere they efpy'd about a dozen 
men, who look'dlike country-fellows fitting at their 
victuals, with their cloaks under them, on the green 
s^s^ the middle of a meadow. Near '«m they Jaw 
leverd rthfte cloths or meets ipread out and laid dofe 
to one another, that feem'd to cover fomething. Don 
Quixote rode up to the Deopie*. and after he had civilly 
fainted 'em, aik'd what they had. got under that finea ? 
Sir, anfwer*4 one of the company, they are fame carvM 
linages that are to be fet up,af an altar we axe creeling 
m pur town* We cover em, left they ihould be 
Called, and carry 'em on our moulders for fear they 
ihould be broken. If you } nlf aic , laid Don Quixote, 
1 ihonld be glad to fee 'em*;, for -conndering the care 
you take of 'em, they ihould be, pieces of value. Ay, 
rnatry are they, quoth another, or elfe we're darnnablf 
yheatp d ; for there's ne'er an .image among 'em that 
sloes, not frand us in mote than nfty>ducats $ and, that 
• may know Vox no liar, do but flay, and you ihall 


rf the renown' d Ptn Quixote. 189 

fee with ye#r own eye?. With that, getting vp op 

liis legs, and leaving his victuals, he went and took cff 

the cover from one of the figures, that happened to bp 

St George on horftback, and under his feet a ferpenjt 

coiTd up, his throat traoinVd with a lance^'with the 

fiercenefs that a commonly reprefenteo! in tjie piece s 

and all, as* they ufe to lay, fpick and (pan ne^, and 

fhining like beaten gold. Don Quixote having fopn the 

image, This, (aid he, was one of the Wft knights-errant 

the divine war/are or church-militant ever hali ; his 

name was Don St George, and he was an extraordinary 

protector of damfels. What*s the next ? The fellow 

having nncover'd jt, it proved to be St Martin on horfe- 

hack; Thia^night too, faid.Dbn (Juhtbte at the firft 

jfijght, was one of \hc' ChJriftian adventur^, and I am 

apt to think he was more liberal than valiant; and thou 

may' ft perceive it, Sancho, by his dividing his cloalc 

with a poor man ; he gave him half, and doubtkfc 'twas 

winter-time, ot eue he would have giv'n it him whole, 

be was fo charitable. Not fo neither, ! fapcy, quoth 

Sancho, but I guefs Jie ftucjc to tjie proverb' : Trf gntc 

snd keep vohaff jfty' rehires a Jbart of vriu Don 

Qjixjttd fyal% and dehYd the men to mew bin) the 

next image ; which appeared to be that of the" patron) 

of Spain a-horfeback> with his fword bloody, trampling 

down Moors, and treading over heads. Ay, this if a 

knight indeed, (cry'd Don Quixote, when he faw it) 

one of thofe that fought in the fquadroris of the Saviour 

of the world : he is caliM Don Sant-Jago, Mata/Moros, 

or Don St James' the Moor-killer, and may be reckoned 

one of the molt valorous faints and profefibrs of chivalry 

that the earth tfieh 'enjoy v d, and heaven now peftetfesi 

Then they uocover*jj another piece*, which fliew'd Stc 

Paul falling fron^JhS' horfi, with all the circtimftances 

ufually exprefs*& Tn ; the «ftory of his converfioh, and re- 

presented fo td the li/^ that he Ipok'd as 'if he had 

been anfWerihgthe voice that fp'ofce to "him from heaven. 

This, faid Don Quixote, was the greateft 'e^emy 1 && 

•churcfi militant had once, and proVd , afterwards th* 

greateft defender it^wllf eve* havfe. - In hVlire a* t* 

* knigl 

,igp .. .fihf life andatthitvtments 

Jcnieht-errant, and ia,death a.ftedfail faint j anindefa; 
jtigaple labourer in the vineyard o/ tfce i l*6rd. a teach? 
of the Gentiles, wjio had heayeh lor his Kbpol, id 
Chrift himielf for hjs mafter aad inftru&erj Then Doo 
Quixote f perceivTnt there wetf no' more images, deiir'd 

finneV, and fight after the.manner of inkp* *W con< 
qucr'4 Wyeh by Forces fcf heaven" is Ukea by vMeaaf 
but Jf„ alas* cannot yet tl& wbat l£«|iby.thefaa« 

perhaps .take a bitter courfe. "tiW X 4>v Heavcu grant 
it, <jubt)l Sancho, and let the devil qV> hi* ^rorft. 
v ..AU>tni» while, theme* wbp4er. v d at Pbn QaaofieV 
figure a* well as his difcourfe j but fouhj not uaderfbnj 
one hatf of what He meant* < ^o/that after dwy m 
pia4e [ah .eftl of their dinner* they got lip their jmagft 
took, their leaves 0/ Don <$u«rte, a,nd <*ntinyd thof 

Sajidip, rejbnain*d Jyi or* .adm^tiofa, as if to l*j 
Jiever know* his o&after; he woA&oft!' kow Ik &&** 
com* to know; all thefe things 3 and 'faacvM there «*? 
hot that niftory or adventure Sn -the world, bat hew 
jt at hfs finders ends. Faith and troth,, mafier of into 
Juotti jbe» if ^hat hap hapa«n;d.,tQ us to-day «»£j 
call'd an adventure, It is one of the (weeteft and e*f 
^leafant w^ever met with in all bur xamhJes ; far we" 1 * 
come off ^Ufcput a d^JMfoft '.ox tJte'WtrMfy ""' 
We ^av*^°t fp niueh as laid our hanife upon oaJ" w«*- 
toons, no* have', we, beaten the, earth with ourearcafeM 
but here we be fafc and found, neither a-rdry nor a-h** 
gry. Heaven be gnuVd, that'I have feen all this *'* 
my own eyes 1 ^hou fay'ii, *efl, Sanche, W* 5? 

tf the rtftgttrifdDonQvtiCOTz. iqi 

Quixote, but I Jrtuft t^I thee, that feafonsa&d timet 
ire not always the fame) but of^en (alee a different! 
-ourfe ! and ythft tiie* Vulgar call forebodings and omens, 
Tor which ^here a/e nq ftttonai grounds in naturt^ ought 
only to be rfreerrf|d ha'jfjjy encoiirhers hy the' wife. .One 
of thcJe, fqper^itlbus fool?,, going out of His houfe be- 
times in the mdcfjiiTg,' littfetsi' friar bf the bJefTed order 
of St Francis,^and p naft$, arf if he had 'met 4 griffin, 
turns back, .sfijd hinVhoWe .againi Ano'tjier wjfelacxrf 
happen* to throw down\hVfa1t on'the table-cjoth, *an4 
'Hereupbo is fadly caft. down ljlmielf^ as if nature were 
obli^d to give. tokens of eiuVmj;difaters a byfuch flight 
*nd mcoitfdeYifte^ac-cidWs a* tfiefe. A wife and truly 
religious 'man ou^j'ne'ver'' td pry ihto the fecretrf of 
hewerr. Scipi<£ lkn<ffng'.' Jn Africa, itumhTd and; fell 
down as : hc tbffii&bitX pretentfy hU'foldfers took 
this % ah .if! onoeny. out he. embracing, . the earthy 
cry'd/Jhave thee fa^J,' Africa j thou frtflt-not '(cape 
n*. In tjiis. manner, $ancho„ I think it a very happy 
accident, thtf "J* rqtir tftfefc images. I thwk fo too, 
luoth <SancJfie J Surt^would fain Jcnpw why the Spaf 
nia;<U call'Wn t^t "lami St James the dejlroycr of 
Moor^ jufj'^ek ^y are going' tp jgive'battle, they 
cr y, §ant-J<igp t afd 'clofeSfaiit. r Pray is Spain open. 
tHati^^t'sTbWdc^drupP'What do you niafce 0/ 
that cere^r/y;? Thou jSV a„yery Jiinple felfpw; Saricho, 
anfweVffpo^(^ixol^r Thou muit know that heaven 
6*ve to Snairi this ^igh^y champion' of the red-cro(s 
^ ^pafron and^proteclor, eVpecia\ly in the defperat© 
Cn #©nper£s which :%i Spaniard* l^ad with the Moors j 
^ Vf $~* Jtjhufy^ J4v6lce him in all their martial 
jncoujitegf, as "ti'eir profe6tof j and many times he has 
W pe^fgrlalTy* . le?fi eyeing and 'flaying, overthrowing, 
trampling an£ QeQrqpngttip Hagjrerie * fquadtons : Of 
w toc& I coutd 'jive th$fe jnany- examples dedue'd iron* 
wthentick JpaiuTh^itoies.' ' : : " ' " * • 

^ • Here 

* Hagarene Jauadroju,' 1. i. Moorijb, becaufe tbey 
h *»t a tradition, that tU Moo* art HtfcenaW frm 

1 92 The life and achievements 

Here .Sancho changing the difcourfe, Sir, quoth he, 

I can't but marvel at the impudence of Altifidora, the 

duchefs's damfei. I warrant you, that fame xnifchief- 

monger they call Love has plaguily mauTd her, and nu 

he* through without mercy. They lay he's a little 

Hind urchin, and yet the dark youth, with, no more 

eye-fight than a beetle, will hit you a heart as lure as 

a gun, and bore it through and through with his dart, 

if he undertakes to fnoot at it. However, t have heard 

fay, that the ihafts of love are blunted and beaten 

tack by the modeft and (bber carriage of young mai d em . 

But upon this Altuidora their edge feems rather to be 

whetted than made blunt. You muft obferve Sancho, 

faid Don Quixote, that love is void of confideratkn, 

and difclaims the rules of reafon in his proceedings. He 

is like death, and equally aflanlts die lofty palaces of 

kings, and the lowly cottages of ihepherds. Where. 

ever he takes entire pofleflion of a foul, the- firft thing 

he does, is to banifh thence all baihfulnefs asd.ilume. 

So thefe being banuVd from Altifidora's breift, fee 

confidently difebver'd her loofe defires, which, alas ! 

rather fill d me with confufion than pity. If fo, quoth 

Sancho, you are confoundedly cruel ; how could you 

be fo hard-hearted and ungrateful ? Had the poor thing 

but made love tome, I dare fay, I mould have come 

to at the firft word, and have been at her fervfce. 

Befhrew my midriff, what a heart of .marble, bowels 

of brafs, and foul of plaifter you have f But I can't for 

the blood of me imagine, what the poor creature hW 

in your worfhip, to make her doat - on you and phy 

the fool at this rate ! Where the devil was the fasfchog 

appearance, the brUktiefs, the rine carriage, the fweet 

face that bewitch'd he*? Indeed and indeed, I often 

furvey your wof (hip from the tip of your toe to the 

topmoft hair on your crown $ and not to darter you, 

I can fee nothing in you, but what's more likely to 

fcare one, than to make one fall in 'love. I've heard 

that beauty is the firft and chief thing that begett love j 

now you not having any. a n't fikt vour worfliip, I can't 

guela what the poor ioul was imitten with. Take 

- - notlef. 


of the renovjtfd Don Quixote. 193 

notice, Sancho, anfwer'd Don Quixote, that there are 

two forts of beauty, the one of the fou], and the other 
of the body. That pf the foul lies and difplays itfeif 
}n the underftanding* in principles o? honour and virtue, 
jn a. handfome behaviour, in generofityand good breed- 
jpg } all which qualities found in a perfon not 
'• accompliih'd in outward features. And when thia 
kauty, and not that of the body,, is the objed of love, 
then the aflaults of that paflion are much more fierce, 
more furprifW and effectual. Kow, Sancho, though 
I am fcnfible lam not handfome, I know at the fame 
Juae I'm riot derorm'd ; and provided an hooeft man. 
°e pouefied of the endowments of the mind which 
I hare mentioned, and nothing appears monibous in 
$im> 'tis enough to entire him to the love of a rea- 
sonable creature. 

Thus difcbur6ng . they got into a wood quite out of 
we road, and on a Hidden Don Quixote, before he. knew 
where he was, found himfelf entangled in. fome, nets 
°^ green thread, that were fpread acrafs among the 
trees. Not bcjng able to imagine what it was, Cer- 
tainly, Sancho, cry'd he, this, adventure of the nets 
puift be one of the moft unaccountable that can he 
unagiaed. Let me die now if this be not a ftratagem 
of the evil-minded necromancers that, haunt me, ta 
ent *ngle me fo that I may not proceed, purely to re- 
venge my contempt of Altifidora's addreflcs. But let 
tjaa know, that; though thefe nets were, adamantine, 
^°h as they, are only made of green thread, and 
^ugh they were Wronger than thofe in which the 
jealous god of Jblackimiths caught Venus and Mars, 
1 would break them with as much eafe as if they were 
*«ak ruflies, ox fine cotton-yarn. With that the knight 
P Q t brUkly forwards, refolved to break through, and 
°^e his words good j but in the very moment there 
Pig from behiud the trees two moft heautiful mep- 
wrdeffes, at leaft they appeared to be fo by their habits, 
oily with this difference, tnat they were richly drefled 
*J gold brocade. Their flowing hair hung, down abouj 
their ihoulders in curt/ as charming as W fun's golden 

Voi, iv. s *w 

1 94 . The lip and etcbirpemenfs- - 

says, and circled on their brow? with garlands of 
bays and red-«flower-gentIe interwoven. As for thek 
age* it feemed not left than fifteen, nor more tharf 
eighteen years. Thif unexpected virion dazxled ant 
amazed Sancho, furpflzed Don Quixote, made even the 
gazing funftopwort in his career, and held the Ap- 
prized parties awhile in the fame fufpeoce and Ulence j 
till at laft one of- the Jhepherdefles opening her coral 
lips, Hold, Sir, me* crjrM j pray do not tear those nets 
which we have reread here, not to offend yon, hot to 
divert ouriehres 5 and becanfe 'tis likely you'll eagaire, 
why they are fprcad here, and who wt ai«, I fhaiitdl 
you in few words. 

About two ' leagues from this place lies a village, 
where there are many people of quality and good ellates j 
among thefe, Several have made op a company, alt of 
friends, neighbours, and relations, to come and take their 
diVerfion in this, place, which is one of the moll de- 
lightful in thefe parts. To this purpofe we deiign » 
fet up a new Arcadia. The young men hare pat a« 
the habit of mepherds, and ladies the drefs of mep- 
herdefies. We have got two eclogues by heart 5 one 
©ut of the famous Garcilafib, and the other out of 
Camoens, that moft excellent Portuguese poet'; though 
the truth is, we have not yet repeated them, f<* ycGa- 
day was but rj*e firft day of our coming hither. W< 
have pitched fome tents among the trees, near the 
banks of a large brook that waters all thefe meadows. 
And laft night we fpread thefe nets, to catch fucfa Jinsnle 
birds as our calls mould allure into the fnare. Nbsr, 
Sir, if you pleafe to afford us your company, yon ^*^ 
be made very welcome, and handfomely entcrtsinedj 
for we are all difpofed to pafs the' time agreeably, «•* 
for a while barii/n melancholy from this place. Trt'Vf 
rait lady, anfwer'd Don Quixote, Aftaeon couW nrtJJ 
more loft in admiration and amazement, at the J£^_ 
of Diana bathing herfclf, than I hare been at the *£ 
pearance of your beauty. I applaud the defign of V^ 
entertainment, arid return you thanks for your obl<*^^ , 
goffers ; affuring you, that if it lies in my F"*^#* 

£rre you, you may depend on my obedience to your 
commands : for roy profelfion is the very reverie of 
aarrafitude, and aims at doing good to all perlbns, cfpCr 
eaUy thofc of your merit and condition ; Co that were 
tfcefe nets fpread over the furface of the whole earthy 
I would feck out a paflage through new worlds, rather 
than I would break the feialleft thread that conduces 
t» your paftime : arid that you may give fome credit to 
this seeming exaggeration, know that he who makes 
tfcis promi/e is no lefs than Don Quixote jie |a Mancha, 
sf cier fuch a name has reached your cats. Oh, my 
fee, ery'd the other ihepherdefs, what good fortune 
**w is ! You fee this e entleman before us : I muft tea 
J«*V he b the mo ft valiant, the moil amorous, and the* 
"feft eomplaifant perfon in the world, if {hie hiftpry of 
fc exploits, already in print, does not deceive us. I 
We read it, my dear, and I hold a wager, thatfroaeft 
Mow there by him is one Saucho Panea, his fauire, 
*k moft comical creature (hat ever was. You have 
■ckei it, otxoth $ancho, I am that comical creature* 
**d that very ftjuire you wot of, and there's my lord 
»A inafter, the felf-fame hirVrlfy*d ? and aforefaid Do* 
t&ttte de la Mancha. Oh pray,' my dear, faid the 
•wer,. let 'us inrreat him to ftay 5 our father, and our 
Whers will be mighty glad of it j I have heard of his- 

and his merit, as much as you noyr tell me { 
*ai what*? more, they fay he is the moft conftant' an£» 
fckhfol lover* in the world $ and that his mlftreis, whom 
*ey call Dulclnea del Tbbofo, bears the prize from all 
the beauties in Spain. 'Tis not without juftice, faid 
J*» Quixote ; if your peerlers charms <!o not difpute 
■** that glory. • ljuc. ladies, I befeech ye do not endea* 
^Wte detahi me: for the indifbenfable duties of my 
t*fen*ion will- not rafter me to reft in one. place. 
^*t the fame time came the brother' of one of the 
■^erdefles, clad like a mepherd, but in a drefs at 
5J**? ani| gay as ttwfe of the yfeurig ladies. They 
■* him th^t the gentleman, whom he faw with them-, 
*** the valorous Don Quixote de la Mancha, and pi?' 
f&ejr, Sftocnab rWa, hw fquire, of whom he fcad tt 
«- « * S * 

j'96 , The lift and nuhievfinents 

ihe hiifary. The gallant ihepherd having (alutod him, 
begged of him fo earneftly to grant them his company 
to their tents, that Don Quixote was forced to comply, 
and go with them. 

About the fame time the acts were drawn and filled 
with divers tittle birds, who, being deceived by the 
fcolour of the fnare, fell into the danger they would 
have avoided* Above thirty perfons, all gaily dreflcd 
like fhepherd* and Jhepherdefles, got together there, 
and being informed who Don Quixote and his iquire 
were, they were not a little pleafed, for they 'were 
Already no (hangers to his Jiiftory. In ihort, they 
Jcarried 'em to their tents, where they found a clean, 
fumptuous, arid plentiful entertainment ready. They 
obliged the knight to take the place of honour, and 
jwhije they fat at table, there was hot one that did not 
fcaze on him, and wonder at (b frraoge a figure. At 
lanVthe^ cloth being removed, Don Quixote, with a 
£reat deal of gravity, lifting up his' yoke ; Of all the 
fins that men commit, laid he, none, in my opinion, 
is £6 great as ingratitude, though (oxae think pride a 
fcreaterj and I ground my afferrJoh on .this, That hell 
fs faid to ^e full of the ungrateful." Ever "fince I have 
nad the ufe of reafoh, I have, employed my utmoft 
endeavours to avoid this crime j. and if I am not able 
to repay the benefits I receive 'in. their kind, at kaft 
I am not wanting in real intentions .of making fuitable 
returns j and if that be hot furhxienV * make my ac- 
knowledgments as jpublick as X can 3 for he that pro- 
claims' the kindneflqs he has receivM^ ftews his dkpo- 
lition to repay 'em if he could ^ and thoje. that receive 
are generally inferior to thofe that $ive. ' The fupreme 
Being, that is, infinitely above all .thbjgs, bellows hU 
blemngs on us fo much beyond the capacity. of all other 
benef^clors, that all the acknowledgments we can make 
can neyer hold proportion with his goodnefs. However, 
a thankful mind in fome meafure fupplies if s want of 
power with hearty defires, and unfeigned exprdQions of 
a fenfe of gratitude, and refpect. , J am in this conditioa 
as to the/ dvUitics I .have been • treated with here : for 

1 sai 

af the renowrtd Don Quixote. 197 

unable to make an acknowledgment equal to the 
SuMfhefTes I haVe receiv'd. I lhall therefore only offer 
3* what is within the narrow limits of my own abilities j 
<wltch is to maintain, for two whole days together, in, 
"* middle of the road that leads to Saragofa, that theft 
B here difguis'd in the haW of fhepherdefles, are 
faireft and moft courteous darafels in the world," 
cepting only the peerlefs Dolcinea del Tobofo, fole 
•Htrtfs of my thoughts, without ofrencc to all that 
fear me be it fpoken. 
Here Sancho, who had with an uncommon at- 
1 all the while given ear to his matter's com- 
it, thought fit to put in a word or two. Nov 
the name of wonder, quoth he, can there be any 
%mSj hi the world lb impudent as to offer to fwear, or 
tot to fay, this matter of mine is a madman > Pray 
flk& me, ye gentlemen mepherds, did you ever know 
awry of your country parfons, though never fo wife, or 
ft good fcholards, that cou'd deliver themselves fo fine- 
ly ? Or h there any of your knights-errant, though 
■ever fo famM for prowefs, that can make fuch an offer 
-m be* here has done. Don Quixote turnM towards 
Soncho, and .beholding hira with eyes full of fiery in- 
oTjnaticm : Can there be any body in the world, cry'd 
ftr, that can fay thou art not an incorrigible blockhead, 
Saacho, a compound of folly and ajnavery, whereirt 
sosfice alio is no finall ingredient ? Who bids thee meddle 
wth my concerns, fellow, or bufy thyfelf with my 
IbDy or discretion ? Hold your faucy tongue, fcoundrel ! 
Make no reply, but go and faddle Ro'finante, if he is 
«e£addled, that I may immediately perform what I 
He offer'd ; for in fo noble and fo juft a caufe, thou 
ry'ft reckon all thofe who mall prefume to oppofe 
s, fabdu'd and overthrown. This faid, up he flatted, 
m a dreadful fury, and with marks of anger in his 
looks, to the amazement of all the company, who were 
at a loft whether they mould efteem him a madman, or 
a man of fane t they endeavoured to prevail with him 
to lay afifle his challenges, telling him, they were fr ' 
ftricDily aflur'd of fc* graftfe) nature, without expr 

198 i Xhi lift and atchititemnts 

him to the danger of fuch demonstrations j and as for 
bis valour, (hey were fo well inform'd by the hiftory 
of his numerous .atducvements, that there wai no 
fceed of any new inftance to. convince 'em of it. 
But all thefc r^prefentations coul4 not difluade him 
from hispurpofej and therefore . having mounted Rofi- 
hante, orac'd his fhield, and gralfp'd his lance, he went 
and pofted himfelf in the. middle of the high- way, not 
far from the verdant meadow, followed by Sanchoon 
his Dapple, and all the paftoral fociety, who were de- 
firous to fee the event of that arrogant and unaccount- 
able resolution. And now the champion having takes 
his ground, made the neighbouring air ring with the 
following challenge. O ye, whoe'er you arc, knights, 
fquires, a. foot or o'horfeback, that sow pafa, ox ihafl 
pafa this road within thefe two day* know that Doa 

S|ji#te ,de la Afiancha, ^tnlght-erraht, ftays here, to 
ert and maintain, that the nymphs, who inhabit 
thefc groves and meadows, furpafs in beauty and cour* 
teous difoofition, all thofe in the univerfe, fetting afide 
the loverelgn foul, the lady Dulcinem del To- 
bofo. And )u& that dares uphold the contrary, let him 
appear, for hew I expect his coming, Twke he re- 
peated the(e lofty, words, and twice they were repeated 
in vain,, not being heard by any adventurer, fiat hit 
bid friend*, fortune, that had arrange hand at managing 
his coocern6, and always mended, upon it, ihew'd him 
a jotyg fight } for by and by .hi tducover'd on the road 
a great .number ,of people on horieback, many of 'cm 
with lances, in their hands, all trooping together very 
fait, jhe company that watcb/a J>©n, Quixote's mo* 
tions, no fooner fpyd fuch a fquadton, driving the duft 
before 'em,, but they got out of harm's way, not judg- 
ing it fafe to be fo near danger : and as for Sancho, he 
ihclter'd Jumfelf behind Rofinante's crupper } only Don 
Quixote flood nVd with an undaunted courage. When 
the borfexnen came near, one of the foremoft bawling 
to the champion,, So hey ! cry'd he ! get out of the 
way, and bcharig'd. The devil's, ih the fellow ? Stand 
off, or the .bulls will tread thee to- pieces. Goto, ve 


icoandrels, anfwer'd Don Quixote, none of your bulls 
are any thing to roe,,tho' the ficrocft .that eycr wese 
fed ofe die ^wfcfea-ef Xa r ima ■*. * Acknowledge, hang- 
dogs, all in a body, what I have proclaimed here: to ber 
truth, or elfc fcujd.WWbatwith me/>But the herdsmen 
had not time to anfwer, neither had Don Quixote any 
to get out of tfca way,* if he had been iadbiM to it % 
for the hereof wild bulls were presently upon him, as 
they pour'd along, with feveral tame cows f, and a 
Juage coannang of. d»verr*nd people, :j^at-w«^igung-to 
a town where they were to be baited th«, next day. So 
bearing all down before 'em, knight ; .an4 ftjuife* hbrfe 
and man, they trampled 'em under faqt ataatmner* 
cifnl rate. There: Jay Sancfao joanl'dy Don' Quixote 
fruxui'd, Dappl« bruis , d v and Rounant«;?n y?ty indiffe* 
rent riraux^huiqea. J^ut for all thi*, after .the whole 
rout, of men and beafts were gone by> vp Aarted Don 
Quixote, v ere he was thoroughly cojne,tp himfdj.j and 
ftaggermgi and fumbling, facing,; and getting up again, 
as faQk as be could, he began to run after them a Stop 
fcoHudrels, &°?t cr T'4 he ajbuq^ « ftay, . 'tis + Jingle 
knight dene* ye all,- one who frorns .the humour, of 
making 4 golden bridge for a flying enemy. -But the 
hafty travellers did not ftop nor flackm. their foeed for 
all bis loud Penance c -and minded it an ratts titan the 
lair year's mow; 

At lait wearjnefs rtopp'd Don Q&ixpte',; ft> thatwitA 
all his anger, and no profpedt of revenge, htf wits fore'd 
to fit down in th^ road' till Sancho camq.-up to-him with 
Rofinanteand Daaplje. Then the roarer, tndinaan made 
a fhift to remount, and r afliam'd of their bad faccefs, 
haften'd their journey, without taking leave of their 
friends of the New Arcadia. 

C H A P. 

'\ Ill— — — «■'! » fl**—^— *— 

• The bulh off iar§ma are eceo&ttld the jkrctft in 

•J- Manibs Cabeftros* According, n> the R*yat Di&io~ 
wmry, tbej arttbt ty t(m* «*« iyitk. fe&.tftat tbt 

too 7%t life and atcbicvemtnts 


Qf an extraerdjnapf Accident that bafputd 
Stytixott, wish may ewtf pafi fir an adve* 

A Cksp fountain, which Don Quixote and 
/\ 'found among Come verdant trees, feryM to 
trail 'em, befmeerM with duft, and uYd at they 
after the rude encounter of the bulls. There by die 
brink, leaving Rofinante and Dapple, unbridPd anal 
unhalter'd, to their own liberty, the two forlorn ad- 
venturers fat down. Sancho wauYd his mouth, and 
Don Quixote his face. The 'fquire then went to hit 
old cupboard, the wallet; and having taken out. of it 
what he us'd to call belly timber, laid it before the 
knight s but Don Quixote would eat nothing for pure 
vexation, and Sancho durft not begin for pure good 
manners, expecting that he would firft (hew him the 
way. However, finding him fo wrapped in his imagi- 
nations, as to have no thoughts of lifting his hand u» 
to his month, the firaire, without letting oneword come 
out of his, laid afide all kind of good breeding, and 
began to fluff his hungry maw with what bread and 
cheeie he had before him s Eat, Friend Sancho, cry'd 
Don Quixote, repair the decays of nature, and (bftaa 
life, which thou haft more reafoft to cherHh than 1$ 
leave me to die abendon*d to my forrows, and the vio- 
lence of my mififtirtunes. I was born, Sancho, to Irva 
dying, and thou to die eating. And that thou may'* 
be convinced, I tell thee truth, do but reflect upon me, 
famous in hiftories, dignify'd with the honour of the 
prefs, renown* d for feats of arms, courteous in beha- 
viour, re/pe&ed by princes, beloVd and importmVd by 
damfels 5 yet after all this, when I at laft flatter'd my- 
ielf with hopes of laurels, triumph?, and crowns, the 
•-ward merited by m j valorous atchicvemeaU, bc&oH 

of tbi rsmvm'd Den Quixote, vox 

trod uj^e/foot^tramplM like jtjie high-way dirt, 
c*d and bruVd by the hoofs of vile and. filthy bca&s. 
rlie thought dulls' the ejge o$ my teeth, and roy ap- 
petite } unhinges rpy Jaws> benums- my hands*' and 
ftupifies ihy &n|es. j anil fearing rriore^ to Hvs than to 
die, I am rcfoiv'dv Jmoft to fferve myifelf | though to 
die with hunger be;l^; moft cruel of ail d^atha. So 
tJiatibeli^e, quoth, Sflicho (without Jofiag any time in 
cHewing) yp^ will not make |pod 4ie faying,, *^tigo64 
to &e with, a, full Idly. For my part, lam. not so 
fixnple yet as to killmyfelf* No, I am like th* cpbblef, 
that Wretches his. leather with iuA,te*tb % ,$ am Her 
lengthening my life, by eating j and xUte*eh it with 
iny grinders as far ,as Jieawn will let fa tun. Faith ana 
troth, mailer, thereat, rip greater, felly Jft the world than 
for a, man to-defpair^ and throw, ihe^Jbelve ^ejnthe 
liatcnct. Therefore Ukc my. agrice^ £U> to, and eat 
as I do, aiJ\when jou^haye #oavJ i * ; *Wf» »** l»itfe 
a jiag i the ijre/h v gra6 Here wilj do ft&yftll49 a fathefr- 
Wa. . Votfeftyj • VtbatM 

" Don Quixote fdllowM Sancho's counfeJi-ijCor-Jip- Wtti 

komJw£&J$K *f<jn^e. spake good natural ebijojopty at 

that time* I However, in the, mtaa wikile a *hs)tt|Jfr 

jon^gm^,^'9vr|5> tr 4h] Sancfe** &&,fa>:>if £hflB 

weuJdTft hut ^ fomejh|ng that J aaa-now gojasj to defiffc 

thee, my wej v : iyow*d f & mots, e.afy oar jtv and rmy 

romfert wop.d ^emojcf certain^ • 'Jisonlyfthi*; while, 

according to^tra advice, t try to coiwojfe ,fn$ -thoughts 

with fleep,. 4q tUu but ftep afide a .fetli^afld expeing 

thy back parts Jwp e in tfre open ajar* .tike ^-ffcio* of 

^finanteV, j^o% and &** thyfelf fp*%.1»Sre«;ori»«r 

liandred finart : laih*9, t in, past of tbe^fchie* theu&ina 1 

and cdi thou art [ to. raceif e j|q, dtfWPWtf .Mftinea'f 

JW, in trui^v/t4s..auSanie i aqd a tfry grtatf pHy that 

boo*, lady Jfcould rem^iac£an$ed,all &*w v bijey through 

|hy carelejfpfils aj^ljicgJo£t. [$bf& *.»■** jkal to 

Ve fiid, as .to thaft,, «oj$h £anche ; hot .that will keep 

cold, firft Jet^s. go ^o Jjeep, and then .come what will 

/tome i heaven kflBW* what tftfl .he;.de«e»' Pq you 

" ^ thin! 

uof. 72* Tip and atcbieaemtnts 

think, Sir, 'tis nothing for a Jnan to flog KimHfi 
cold blood ? I'd have you to know, *tis a cruel thiia> 
especially when tSe lalhes mujl light upon a body, ft 
weak and' horribly IfnM wit|iin as mine is. Let my 
lady Dulctnea have' a little patience J one of thefe days 
when fhe fcaft dreams on^ me'il iee my ftfc pinM 
and jagsfd tike a flafhed doublet yAfy laihes. Thert'i 
nothing; loft that comes at taft 5 while thenVslife that 1 
hopes \ which is as good as to fyy, I flve with an ia- 
tent to make -good my promUe. Don Quixote gz* 
him thanks, tat a little, and Sancho i, great deal ; a»l 
then both betook themielTes to their reft, leaving that 
cenftant friends and 1 companions, Rofinante and Dtppk 
to their owfc discretion, to repofe or feed at random 
on the paflure mat abounded in that meadow. 

The day was now far gone when the knight aal 
the fquir* wak'd s they mounted, and hdd on then 
journey, tnakmg the beft of t^eir way to an inn, that 
leenYd to he about a league diftant, IcaHkanins, 
becaafe Dob Quixote himfdf cail'd it fo, contwy* 
his cuftom, it being a common thing with him to tab 
'tons lor cafties. ' ' • 

Being gbt thither, they aflcM the inn-fceaper whether 
he had got anr lodgings t Yet, anrwtrM he. aid » 
food accftminosation as yoocou'd expect to ty «*■ 
in the dty of Sarfgofc. f T^ey alighted, and Snvb 
|»R Up hwtftgga^ ma chamber, of w^thshadTo» 
«ave him Ar kfcy j and arte he has" fern Rofcantc 
and Dappk well ^wided for in the Gable, he westts 
wait on hitmeftev, whom he found fitting upon s fc* 
made In the wall, the fquire bleffing HmfelT ooretjja 
oncej that she- Anight had tut taken the inn fcr a o» 
Supper-tin* anything, Don -Qohxete teoYd to h» 
apartment, and Send* ftaying wittfMt>HL aaW hf 
what he had to give »em for rapper? ymtjn^t 
aunwefd he, ya* may pick andchooie, fift or *A 
butcher'i meat or poultry, wttttbwl, and what not: 
whatever land, lea, and ah* afford for mod, *t» * 
ant and fcafe, every thing is to be had Vn this »»• 
fhptf* no need-e/- all mis, <poth Sancho, a cwpjf 


of tht rmwrtiDtn Quixote. 103 

f roafted .chickens will do our bufincft j for my made* 
as a tuce ftoznachj and eats but! little j and m for fee* 
[ am aone of your unrAtfanaMc trencher-men. As 
or chickens,' re^ly'd the inn-keeper,- truly wt have 
tone, for the jutes have devour' d 'en. Why. thai, 
fcuoth Sancho, roaft us a good handlomc pullet with. 
$gs, (b it be young and tender. A pullet, mafter ! 
infwerM the hoft, faith and troth, I lint above fifty 
fefterday to the city to fell y buffet ting afide pvUett, 
jrou may have • any thing elfe. Why then, quoth 
Sancho, e'en give us a good joint of veal or kid : Cry. 
toercy, replyM the mn-kceper, now I remember ine» 
we have none left in the houfe, the laft company that 
vent cleared me quite, but by next week we ihaii havfe 
toough and to ipare. We are finely holp'd up, quoth 
Sancho, ! Kow, will I hold a good wager, aW thefq 
fc&&s mttft bt made up with a diih of egg* and bacon/ 
Heyday ! cry'd >the hoft, my gueft has a Rare knack 
ar/guefling 'efaith/ 1 told him 1 had no bens nor pullcw 
in the houfe- a\nd yet he would have mo to have eggs I 
Think on fomething elfe, J befeech you, and let's talk 
bo more of that. Body, of me, cry'd Sancho, let** 
<ome to fomething j tell me what thou haft, good M? 
hndlord, and dbrrt put me to trouble my brains any 
longer. Why then, d'ye fee, quoth thVhoft, to deal 
plainly with you, 1 have a delicate pair <of cow-heels 
Jj*t look like calves feet,, or a pair of cajves. feet that 
*°ok h'ke cow-heels, drefs*d with onions, peafe and 
oacbn ; a diih for a prince, they are juft ready to be 
taken off, and* by this time they cry, come eat me, 
wane eat me. Cow-heels !. cry'd Sancho* I fet my mark 
J*on 'em : let ribWy touch *cm. rjl .give more foe 
em than any other uSalh There*s nothing I love better. 
Nobody elfe mail have ,'em, anfwer'd the hoft j you 
**d not fear, for all the guefts I ha-Ve jn, the houfe 
Wdes yourfelves, are perfons of quality, that carry 
™rir Steward, their cook, and their provifiona along 
w »th 'em. As for quality, quoth Sancho,, : my mafler'a 
4 perfon of as good quality as the prpud>fl he of 'en - 
*"> aa* y«u go to that j but his ptofeflidh alfow's 

f 04 Th$ Sfi 4ifd atcbieyemertf's' 

no larders nor batteries. We commonly dap uaojowa 
m the midft of a field, "and fill our Mliejs with icon* 
or median. This waa the dncpurfe that "pa(s*d betwixt 
Sancho and the inn-keeper ; for as to fne hoft'a inter, 
rogatories, concerning his maAer's profeffion, Sancho 
was not then at leifure to make him any anfwer f " 

In Jhort, fupoer-time came, Don Quixote went to 
his room, the hoft brought the difh of cow-heel*, fock 
as it was, and fat him down fairly to fupper. m B et 
at the lame time, in the next room, which was divide^ 
from that where they were by a (lender partition, the 
knight overheard fomebody talking. Pear Don* Jero-' 
aimoy (kid the unfeen perfon, I befeechyoq, 'til) fup- 
per'a brought in, let ro read another chapter* ff the; 
Jecond part of Don Quixote, The champion n» Jboner 
heard himfclf nam'd, but up he ltarted, aqd lifienM, 
with attentive ears to what waf (aid of hop, aod thee 
he heard that Don Jeronimo anfyer. Why would yon 
have us read nonfenfe, Signor Don Join ? Methinki 
any one that has read the firft part of Don (tajxote, 
mould take but little delight is reading the iecond* 
That may be, reply'd Don John ;. however, it sjiaju t 
he amift to read it ; for there )s up Ijpofc fo fad, at 
not to have fomethiog that's good*. What dtf- 
pleafes me moft in this part, is, that it reprefenta Don 
Quixote no longer in love with Dujcinea del Tobofo* 
Upon thefe words, Don Quixote, burning with anger 
and indignation, cry'd out : Whoever, fays that Don 
Quixote de la Mancha has forgot, or can forget, "Dnki* 
sea* del Tobofo, I will make him know with equal 
arms, that he departs wholly from the truth ; for the 
peerlefs Dulctnea del Tobofo cannot be forgotten, nor 
can Don Quixote be guilty of forgetfulnefs. Conjiazy 
i* his motto ; and to preferve bis fidelity with pleasure, 
and without the leaft conftraint, is his profefiion. Who's 
that anfwers us ? cries one of thofe in the next room. 
Who (hould it be, quoth Sancho, but Don Quixote de 
la Mancha his nownfelf, the lame that' will snake good 
ail he has faid, and all that he has, to fay, take my 

of tt&rmum'J Dm Quixote, iof 

wwdw'tr for '? goo* wmafteriMfcTr grutets to'fcim" 
yecunty. , . 

Sancho nafl ! «o fooner mite that- anfaety tot id «tatt* 
tfic tfno gentlemen (for they appear** efty berna left) 
and one of 'em throwing his arms abttftUoa Quixote** 
neclc, Your preface, Sir Knight* ftVid he, -feat not 
belye your reputation, nor candour reputation Jail tor 
raile a refpec*t for yotir pretence.* : You- alt certainly 
the trtre llton, Qjiixote de la Mancha/ the norfih-ftas^ and) 
luminary of chjvalry- errant, in ddpiAl <etf hi» fiat 
hfts attempted to aiurp your name, and annihilate yoar 
Stchicvements/iaf the * author of this book, wusfc 
I here deliver 'intd your hand; Ha' praA»m«d to do** 
"With that he took the hook from Ms Moid, not gave* 
ft to Don (Wote. Th.e knight' todk It, and*fchou* 
ikying a wfcra^' began to turri over the leayes l and theft' 
returning if "a while after : In the IWlie I ksvtf fctn,. 
faid he, I have found three things' to th»aathc* on* 
defcrve reprehenfion. firft, I flnd'ftuh with fcrnf 
jvords in his preface. Jn the ftcond pfece^ his-toigm«ga> 
is Arrag&pian, for fometimes be wrftes wither article** 
and the thifd thing I have oWfry 1 *, which betray! mo* 
hiit ignorance, is, he's out of die wayln one of tfc* 
principal parti of the hjftory : for there he fays, thsjtf 
the \wfis" Of my fqiiire' Sancho Pahca, « called Mary 
Gutierrez, which] a not true,*; for wr name it *TettW 
Panca^ ani he that errs in fo,confideflt$>le a pfcilagey 
may w^A be fufoe&ed to have committed many groft' 
errors through the whole hiftory.' A fretty impudent 
fellow^ is this fame hiftory writer, cry'-d Sancho * Suva 
Ke knows much what belongs to out concerns, to call 
my.Svtfe Tcrefa Panca, Mary Gutkrret 1 Pray take the 
W^ again, an't Eke your worflap, and fee whether 

' ..'.. *' » ' ' ,.! ' ■ ' - ', ' ' Ji 1 , " I * ' ' ■ » 

^^^j8wV©WjfWfWII fubltftrtt 8 btnky tvbtcb bt tatted 
fat-farond fart of Von Shix*^ befot our author bad 
friMteA (to. Set tbt preface of ibis fetond fart, and 
Ybt4<xty*t of the life of Cermantt* j nbo bring tb(s /is, 
V *"& ff in#e9*H a^ainft thai ^nwgoaiaiK 

20& The lift and atcbUvemmts 

he! jays any Clung. of we, and whether he hat not 
changed my name too. Sure by what you've Cud 
bone* man, JajA.Don Jeronuno, you mould be Sancho 
s?anea, fquire t* Signor Don Quixote ? So I am, quoth 
Sancho, and I am proud of the office. Well, (aid the 
gentleman,, to tett yen truth, the laft author does not 
treat yottfo av^lly at you feetn to deferve. He repre- 
rtnttyoo a* a.glutton, and a fool, without the baft 
grain of wfe T e* humour, and very different from the 
Saacharwt have in the firft part of your mailer's hufory. 
Heaven, forgive him,, quoth Sancho j he might have 
left me where I. wa%, without offering to meddle with 
an* Every man's nofe. won't make a flioemg-horn, 
fcet's leave the world as it is. St Peter is very well at 
akRosne*.. prefeoUy the two gentlemen invited Dos 
Quixote to fup with 'em in their chamber ; for they 
knew there; \fa*npthing to be got in the inn fit for hi 
entertajnme^ ; Don Qgjxote, who was always very 
Qompiau'ant, tcould not deny their reaueft, and went 
with 'est. Sancho rUid behind with the flefh-pot, cum 
avert mixt+ imferJg * - he placed himfelf at the upper 
end of the; tah&,/wijth. the inn-keeper for his roeu- 
mate * for he. was po'lefs a, lover, of cow-heels than tht 

- While Dpin ^Quixpte was at fupper wjth the gentle- 
men* .Don John a&ed him, when he heard of the lady 
Pulcine* del 1 Tebofo * Whether (he were married I 
Whether Aq had any children, or were with child *i 
no? Or whether, ^continuing ftill in her maiden fete, 
and preferving her, honour and reputation unibined. A*| 
|ad a gratcfuj-fepfo 0/ £e love and conftancy of Sigaat 
Don Qgiaoie .? iDuianea js ftill a virgj% anjfwered tk* 
Qgucotc, and fifty f amorous* thoughts more fixed tfat 

mmm ..J . __*. '«!"" " eter i 

^m 1 " . Ji 1 .> i ft i " r ' > i » m » mji if » ' 


* Thatjsy yoiib % \a^tputei tr- fviorJtiiat* fv<*i 
tfcluni iruperitfrn; acttrdrn* r» tbe Gtwlia**, u ftVm 
rrjidihg in r£r 7&<*(#» ? Sferurn mixtua inueriuflt 
•• tttt Me&M'lwqfl&h* vto0rdt<1 to cMjktm 

r;miral* *v* 

rf tbt renown' d Dim QtnxOTkV &07 

c*tt ; our ewfafpondence after the old rate, not ftev 
fuent, bat her beauty trmneforrned into the homely ap- 
Pwaaceof afewialereftfck. And with that, he told 
fe gentlemen, the whole ftory of her being inchanted. 
what had betaken him in the cave of Metttefinee, an* 
the ovate thatthe {age Merlin bad prefcreVed to free her 
from inrhintmrnt^ which waa Sancho't penance c/ 
three thodend three bandied lafhet. The tentkmen 
were extremely pkafed to hear from, Don Quixote'* own 
mouth the ftrange paflaget of hie hiftory, eaually wonder- 
fog at the nature of hie extravagance*, and nil elegant 
tenner ef renjtim; 'en* One minute they looked, upon 
him to be m4us leader, and the next, they thought he 
had loft »em all 5 to that they could not .refolve what 
dtfcreetfraffignhiin between xnedneft and found judg- 

By tbk tine Sancho having eat fcif fepper, and left 
flu landtovaV moVd to the room where hut xm\4ter waa 
with the two wxangers, and at he, boterd Sn» hang me» 
S^°tn he. gentlemen, if he. that made the book your 
worifcipettaW got, could have a nundifthar.fce and I 
Aoold eeer take a loving cup together :• I wiih# as he 
«H* me greedy-gut, hedoeaix>tie*n*;oiHiw adrunk* 
•id too. Navy Juki Don Terooinio, he dpeanet ufe you 
hem* at to that point ; though J canjMfiwell tcmenv 
her hk> expreffione. Only this I IrjMmV, ttar. are fcan- 
jWoueandraflei asleexceiued by mt^fiegnemy 0/ 
WwSaaehoheieprefcnt. Takemy, irceikr't, gen* 
****** tooth the fquire, the Sancho lad the; Don 
Quixote in your, book, I don't know wtatjiey be, but 
they arc not the feme me»»CidHaenot Benen- 
ttti't hiftory, foe we two are the?, : jMHvfoeh) aa Benen* 
t*k* majce* Us ) niy mafter valiant, difceeet, and h? love * 
Mia plain, .merry-conceited fcttouy £ul* neither n 
Shitton, nor a drunkard. Ibc4iejvey«u> JeidPoA Jph% 
*d I could who* were fuch a tfcing poflftle, that all 
t^-avfiterswhaafte^were foifcioVien to record the 
*5« of the great Den Quixote, eaeep* Ci^.ftaraet, kit 
nnt.authpn wAlea^JaleTrorba4a4 w«» Painfere — 
d«w hk ptejcnre, except; Apellea. >J*t~«ny «**«» 

T » I 

tritoCr if bftfdeejfej, raid Pan Q&ittrte/; k»t let him dot 
«|mfe the original i for when patience if loaded with ia~ 
let, matytioneaitiiinks under it's Wfd«n., $fo in- 
ft rcplyM Bdn- John* can be offcr'd to Sifpox Don 
i hatwaat he iaable to revenge*, or aft IcaA ward 
wirfi the shield- of his patience, vAkh^tUL mf opi. 
adoa, irvqry great and, powerful. • ( • -• .-?~ 
.■ In foeh (fo^urfethef fpeitt a feood.fla^ 
and th#ogbvDoii;joh« endeavofar'd to a#*fcadc Don 
<gtfi*ote to wad more of the book,.. to £*, J»0w : |h» au- 
thcyhad haridied.W ithjriift> he could byaett^aaaftpter 
**t» with* lum> thekaaght fifing ham^0tt*taftaj»J». hi 
fcad-iefiough of it, cod as much a> if he had mad it 
tWighdutycondediaa it to be all af a; piece, and son* 
4nJei aU otferf f -and that, h* would not effcxftvage the 
4cribbler*s vanity fo far as to let him think he had R*4 
ft, flkatld itfevdr came. to rat cars that dirbopkhad frl- 
leffilttohli hands $ well knowing w* <*gh* to ayo* 
4a1Uisg oW thoughts, dnd .much snore. -«uc. eye* with 
¥ttB" and <roftene-dMattett»i 

T ^heyailMdfcihv which way he was ttaffalottj * fit 
*dld*eoi he was sajfagforSaragoia, to snake aa* at tat 
tourtlarteutb 'IsanVtatthtt city once ayeaa; for the pttst 
*f armdflrt' lfc*tjota*ajoihit»e him, that the ate* 
tUidM^o^ttl^HM-oflihi hiftory gave aniacaomst he* 
96f£<ttau»^riMftew/ he wta, had beenafctaiaaafr at 
fc>ttMieaT»4fta*)if at the rlngy the Befaitaicevof which 
wi« wfoehoa^aMJefiftftfoe in the contrivance, aaat 
fed W'hifJlertto ifad tfrprefliort, add iaafctabjy boot 
federieK; ntt ftodeuplof fWilh idle fftoff. For thai 
latffift* fc» Ddfl falxotfty 1 wtil notfcta foot in Sana* 
f»/l^tet*a*^iMifcatt fee what *• notorious Ue tail 
♦*^rdftc*w*«*&%<c:f> and 'all auaakind mall pete*? 
9 *n* life* tlfclXNt Xjixote he fi)eajir of. ; Ybu da wry 
«fcffll fiU8«lteri jtewwimo, befides, dawe ia jasother ftter* < 
ttanfenf at • #b^l«la> : where yew? ana^fignahn ytur ] 
teloarV Id^jfrtbd&To, reobed^I>^^nxntiT4 Aod 
ftgthtfemen; tfi*Ȥi^ t? bid ytti:*^ night, sad 
J£r*wt?'mS tt^toWd, to't*tm^ 5 andptay rise* | 
'"fin, nhmbof of yoar.btflf friends* said anaaY faith* 

- * fid ! 

cf tbertnwotfd D$n Quixote. 209 

Ad&rvants. And me too, quoth Sancho ; for mayhap 

Y^u may find me good for Ibmething, 

Having iaken leave of one flitod^ Dto<^hote aa| 
Sancho retired to their chamber, leaving the two Gran- 
gers in admiration, to thinly what a medley the knight 
kad made of good fchft and' extravagance : But fully fa- 
tisfipd however, that thefe two perfona were the (roe 
Dea Qwfote and Sancho, an&aor tfaofc *fetnide4 «pon 
the pubjick by the Arragonian author. 

Sfttty 4n the aaorning Dob Qujjo^gof up, and knock* 
ing aJri&iin watt that parted hit chamber from that of 
the gentkttten, he took hit leave; of 'em» Sancho pay'd 
the ho(t nobiyy Imt advia'd him .either,,^ {(iff. bejttet 
— **— * in hit inn, tr to ctfmiotnd it left* T 





Ho ■-■nilfi and chftnmmi- 

J^pl^f * Wrrt*t*m*>*, and leased *»,$**»£ a 
K X'- ^e»p*^aWJ*i«y J when Ddn<3unfe.fcfc nhe iaa, 
aSa^n* fet^mforWd Wmfelf, wfcich was. the: nM 
w*y«ofialfceltoI»f 3 kr ft* was wdbrmrihc7W*»ld not fe 
much as fee Stfitgdfat ^tlttrite «igkt < pavette.«Bwr au- 
thor a liar, who (as he was told) had To mi ft e pr ei en ted 
him in the pretended fecond part of his hiftory. For 
the fpace of fix days he travelled without meeting any 
adventure worthy of memory 5 but the feventh, having 
loft, his way, and being overtaken by the night, he was 
obliged to flop in a thicket, either of oaks or cork-trees, 
for in this Cid Hamet does not obferve the lame puoctn- 
ality he has kept in other matters. There both made? 
and man difmountedr-iaitHstyttg cfcemfelves down at the 
foot of the trees ; §mm^ wfib^^handfomly filled his 
nelly that day, eafily J^n^^hjWelf into the anus of 
ileep. But Don Qufete-^wbom his chimeras kept 
awake much more thai* hunetfy could not fo much at 
clofe his eyes ; his working tmfaghts being hurried to a 
thoufand feveral places. ^)fc time he fancied himfctf 
in Montefino's cave ; fancied he law his Dulcmea per- 
verted as (he was into a country hoyden jump at a finale 
leap upon her afs-colt. . The next moment he thought 
he heard the fage Merlin's voice, heard him in awful 
words relate the means required to effect her dif-enchant- 
ment. Preientiy a fit of defpair feiVd him s He was 
stark mad to think on Sancho's remiflnefs and want of 
charity j the fquire having not given himielf above five 
laihes, a fmall 'and inconfiderable number in proportion 
£ jh» quantity of the penance Aill behind. This re 
~ * loiiettled him, aab lb aggravated hit vexation, 


that he could- not forbear thinking on fame extraordinary 
methods. -3dr Alexander the Great, thought he/ when 
He could not onty the tyOrulan knot, laid, 'tis the lame 
thing to cut, .or -to undo,, and fo famed it afunder, and 
yet became tfwiQvtrelfea of the World 5 why taay not I 
free Dulcuiea from inclikfitment^ by whipping . Sancho 
myfelf, whether he w.iH or no ? Fbr if the condition of 
this retfiedy conftt in Sa^ncho'i receiving three thoufand 
^d odd Jai^,, what dcSesjt Signify to me, whether ht 
gives hJmTelf thole blows, or another gives *exn him, 
fince thefrrefs lies -upon nil receiving % % cito', &y what 
means foever they are .given } Full or that conceit he 
came up to £ancho. Having nYft' ta&en the reigns of 

y^asus^djefbre and held up hj& breeches ^ bu,t 
fooner fell to work, ' hut Sancho Parted out" of his fleep, 
and was thoroughly j*wajse in an infrant. ' What's Jiere, 
cried he ? ./Who s. that fumbles about m&, and untrufles 
^ypVintS'r r **£w T ft angered iSon Qdixpte, * I api come 
to repair toy negJIgencCj' and to ifcelc the remedy of my 
torments, t corpe to whjp thee^ Sancho, and to diu 
fkarge, in cart at iealt, '. that debt for which thou itand'it 
engaged, Dojclhea peri/hesj while thou lived careleft 
•f her fate, and I die -with defire; 'Uhfrufs therefore 
freely and willingly : For I am refolv'd, while we are 

■CM alflM *— »K«« ~m*>mf» *t± w«» f-K»» a t- XmaA tWQ .thotW 


HoM you there> quqtJr Sancho. Pray be ycfiet, will 
yoo. Body »f roe. Jet me alone, or I f rc4eff'Hetif ' men 
fttll heariif.' The jirks fcam beflm* to ghne myfeft are 
to be voluntary and not forced'; and at this time I 
W no mind to be whipped at aH r Let k ftrfRce, that 
1 poomife.yon to.firlc.and.fcourge royfelf A whar'tbe Jro- 
toour tafce* roe. > No,- faiff EforV Qteote, i#ere'» no 
fiaafihg" to 'thy 'cWttMV, Sancfro ; iw thou -art hard? 
Wted'j ajriL tfioogfi a cbwij, yet then* aft tender* df 
thyflfcffi * aS ibJaVmg, He m^vrwWiilllri* force 'to 

til The life and achievements 

ceiv'd, he ftarted up oh hit kg?, and fetting upon h* 

mailer, clofcd with him, tripped up his fceek, threw 

\im fairly upon his back ; and then fct hh knee up* 

lis' breaft, and held hit hands (aft. fo Utr/ he could 

lardly ftir, or fetch his breach. Am Quixote, over- 

powered thus, cried, hpw now^ traitor 1 'What, «W 

againff thy rnafter, againft thy ijatural. lord, agaiflfthia 

that gives the bread ! * I neither mar king, nor make 

king quoth Sancho, I do but $efend rayftlf, that am 

naturally my own lord. Jf your worfhip will promifc to 

let me alone* an£ give over the thoughts of whipping 

ine at this time. Tl\ let you rife, and will my^jw at 

liberty ; ' if not here tjiou died, traitor to Donit^siacBa, 

Don Quixote gave his parole of honour^ and rtooie by 

the life of his beft thoughts, not to touth fo much is ifl 

hair of $ancho*s f coat, bqt intirejy leave it to hfaj"*- 

cretjon to whip himfelf when] l^e thought fit. With 

that, Sancho got up from him, and removed hit q***' 

ters to another place at a good diftancV, but as he west 

to lean againft tree, he perceived Something bobbing Jt 

hit head, and lifting up his hands, found it to be a man*' 

feet With flioet and ftodungt on : Quaking for for, 

he moved off to another tree, where the like hnpeodia| 

horror dangTtf over hit head. Straight he callM oat to 

Don Quixote for help. Don Quixote cape, anjj top*' 

• Hcnty the hafiard, afterward* ling o/Cafik **< 

Shout to murder fedra, the lawful king ; as tbyfirw* 
efeU nnder htm, \9he9 Bertran CUauin, a trad*** 
that ferved Henry, coming to his affifiance, turned*** 
top of Pedro, freaking of. the Jam* tin* thofi soork '*" 
Sancho repeats, 

+ Rom in the original, which Jignifa aft thai WjP 
to i mars cloathtng, Stevens tranjlatqs Jc Htf « ** 
head. The French franfietor has it right, ?<&%* 
robe. How Jar^is has it, I know not j fyt I jmV * 
fbubt of ifi being rigbt % Of having b*t» AAWWV 9 

of the renown* d Don Qu i xot JB . %\% 

ng into the occaupn of his fright, Sancho anfwer'd, that 
Ul thofe trees' were full' of Men's feet and legs. Doii 
Quixote 1>egan to fearch and grope about, and falling 
prefently into the account of the bnfinef* j fear nothing, 
Sancho, faid he, there's no Bulger at all : for what thou 
feel*ft in the dark alb certainly the feet and legs of fome 
banditti and robbers^ that have been hang'd up on thofc 
trees j for here the dfficers of juilice hang eta up bv 
twenties and thirties in clufters, by which I Ibppofe wfe 
raiuiot be far from Barcelona } and indeed he gueis'd 

And flow day t>Vea1cit$& they lifted up their eyeS ari8 
few the bodies of the hiihway-men; Hanging on the 
trees s But if the <Jead fur^rteM *em, how much more 
were they difturbM at the appearance of above forty live 
banditti, who pour'd upott *eta 9 and furrounded 'em 
an a fuddkri, chalking *effi in the Catalan tongue, to 
ftand till their captain came. ■ 

Don Qtuxott' found himfetf o& fbo£ his fcorfe un- 
bridl'd, hw lance agairift a jtree at Totht difknee, stadj in 
ft ort, voidofall&eYehce f and therefore he was fore'd 
to put hia arms acro/s, hol4 down fcis. head*, and ihrug 
Q P httVjbouldeftj referring himfetffor a tetter opportu- 
titj-. The robbers prefcritly fell to work, and oegan to 

&K anfl thole he brought from home, were* hid lii a 
E'Mle about his wailtj, though for all that, thofe hqneft 
gentlemen would, certainly have taken the pains to have 
fearcVd and fiirvey'd him all over, and would have had 
the gold^ though fteyhad ftripp'd hifq 6f his Jkin to 
come at it $ tut Iby good fortune their, 'captain came in 
"* interim, . He l^erh^d abont four and thirty years of 
a 8e» his f body, robu&jhis ftature tall, his,, vifage auftere, 
jp bis complexion fwarthy, .He- was. mounted on a 
nrong borfe, wore % coat of mail, r 7 ahd no lets than two 
piftolg Qn each fide. \ Perceiving that hS l (quires (for fd 
tlle 7 cart men, of tfoft arofemon in thofe parts) wertf 
going tQ ftrte Sanchb. & order^ .'cm, tf.ftfpar, and 

*r$ ["' The ttfe and atchtevemsnts 

was Inftantly ebey'd, by which means the girdle efcatfd' 
He wonder d to fee a lance reared up againft a tret; * 
ihield on the ground, and Don Quixote in armour ami 
pen five, with the iaddeft, mod melancholy countenance 
that defpair itftlf Could frame. Coming up to hiqi r be| 
not fo fad, Jioneft man, (aid he » you have not fall's in- 
to the hands of fome cru^l Bufiris, hut into thofe <*1 
Roque Guinart, a man rather cxhnpa^pnate thanJereit. 
I -am not fad, anfwer'd Don Quixote, for having &U' a l 
into thy power, valorous Roque, whofe boundku fem«| 
spreads through the univerfe, but for having been fo it-; 
nufs as to be furprizMby thy foldiers with my horje a* 
bn<U*d ; , whereas, according to the order of chiralry- 
errant, which I profefs, I am obligM to five always up- 
on xny guard, and at all hours be my own centinel j n* 
let me tell thee, great Roque, had they met me mount* 
ed on my fteed, arm'd with my fhield and lance, they 
would hape found ft no eafy talk to make me yield ; fa> 
know. I am Don Quixote 4e la Mancha, the fa* 
jvhbfe exploit* are celebrated tjirough all the lahitaWe 
globe. . • * ' , 

Roque Guinart found out immediately Don Qnty* % 
Wind fide, and judeM there was more toad*** two** 
lour in the cafe | tfow, though he had, feveral ttoe* 
Jieard him mentionM in difcourfe, he could never belie* 
what was related pf }iim to be true, nor could he be pff* 
JTuaded that fuch a humour (houjd rei^n in any nuflj 
for which reafon. he" was very glad to have met nuv 
that experience might cqnvince him of the truth. There- 
fore addreffing himfelf to Jiirn, Valorous knight, laid t*> 
vex not ypurfelf, nor tax fortune wimunklnanew, *J 
it may happen, that what you look upon now as a w 
accident^ may redound to your advantage : fo* ^T^ 
by ftrange and unaccountable ways, beyond the K^, 
human imagination, ufes to raife up thofe that fttm* 
and fill the poor with riches, Ddn i Quixote wis pi« tt 
return him thanks, when from behind -ejnthey netf* a 
noife like the trampling of fevefal horfcs, though it ** $ 
occafion'4 J>ut \y ojie, on which cams ftlj fytrt * FP 

k loolTd like a young gentkman about twenty 1&\ 

of the renown' d Dm Quixoto. 2*5 

•f age. He was clad in. green damaik edg'd with gold 
;aIloofl fhitable to his waiftcoat, t hat turned up behind, 
(rait wax-leather boots, his fpufs, fword and dagger 
{ilt, a light bird-piece in his hand, and a cafe or* piftok 
oefore him. Roque having turn'd his head at the noife, 
JifcoverM the handfome apparition, which approaching 
nearer, fpoke to him in this manner. 

You are the gentleman I lookM for, valiant Roque j 
for with you I may pcrhjps find fome comfort, though 
sot a remedy, in my affliction. In fhortj not to hold 
you in rufpence (for I am fennble you don't know me) 
rU tell yon who I am. My name is Claudia Jeronima j 
I am the daughter of your {articular friend Simon Forte, 
faorn foe to Clauqud Torrelas, who is afibyour enemy, 
osing one of your adverfe faction. Ton already know, 
this Torrelas had a fon whom they call Don v ihcente 
Torrelas, at leaft .he was call'd fo within thefe two 
hours. That fon of his, to be fhort in my fad ftbry, VXL 
tell you in four words what forrow he has brought me to. 
He faw me, courted me, was heard, and was belov'd. 
Out amour wis carryM on with fo much . fee recy, that 
my father knew nothing of it : for there is no woman, 
though ever fo retir'd and cldfely fook'd to, but can find 
tune enough to torripafs and fulfil her unruly denres. In 
fcort, he made me a promife of marriage, and I the* like 
to him, but without proceeding any further, Now 
7*ftfcrday I underftaod, that,, forgetting his engagements 
to me, he was going to wed another, and' that they 
were to be marry'd this morning ; a piece of news that 
l^ite oiftrafted me, and made me lofe all patience* 
Therefore^ my father being out of town, I took the 
opportunity of equipping myfelf as you fee, and by the 
*P*ed of tms horfe overtook Don Vincente about a league 
Wore, where, without urging my wrongs, or flaying 
to hear his excufes, I fir*d at him, not only with this 
tfece, but with both my prftoly, and, as I believe, (hot 
Jm through the body, thus with his heart's blood wafh- 
fog avfray the ftams of my honour. This done, there 1 
kft him to his fervants, who neither dar'd nor couM 
prevent the fudden execution: | and came to feck yr 

if 6 • ^fbi lift and atcbitvements 

protecTion* thaJtby your meant X may fc candufted iatt 
France, whcfc I have relations to entertain pie ; and 
withal to'begf of you to oefend my fatkar from Do* 
Vincjaite's party, wfeo might ojJjcjwife revenge his death 
upon our wajjy., 

Roque 'admixing at once {hrtefoltytion, agreeable de- 
portment,; and hand&rne figip of the beautiful Claudia $ 
come, madam, laid he, let us firfl; be aflur'4 of your 
enemy's death., and then conii<fer what ia to be done for 
you : .told, -cry'd Doa Quixote, who> had fiearkca'd 
with great attention ty alllW difcourfe, none of yo» 
need trouble with this aj&jr, the defence of 
die lady is my prowjice, Give me my horfe and arms, 
and fay for mic here* X wJU go and find, out this knight, 
god* ffead ox.ajivt, force him to pc*%m his obiigarJoiK 
^o fo great a beauty. ' j&y».aj^ flUPfch"Sanchp % you ma j 
tal*e £is word fpr't* my matter $aara raxeAroke at mak- 
ujg matches j Vis hujt t other dayhc made a youn^ rogue, 
yi^d to marry a map whom he >vquU Jbave left in the 
lurch, after he was ' jirbmii y d.&'fcer ;j and had it not 
been (or the jnd»aters> that php*'!»u worihip, who 
tranfmogrlfyM the bridegflwirn "into a footman* and broke 
off the match, tfc'frtd' 9^'i^i'J^k. qm by &*> 
time.' , , , * . ' .-. 

Roque was & mufh taken, un, with' the thoughts of 
Claudia's advenrute/ that hehtde minded either wafer 
or man j. but ordering bis .i^uim) ^ «ftore what they 
bad taken, from Dapple to.Sancbo, and- to retire to the, 
place wjiere they bap? o^arter'd the night 'before, he 
went o/tuiion the fpnr W4th£fou3ia» to find the ebb- 
ing Dqn yincehte. . They got to. the place where Clau- 
dia met him, and found noting hjtft the mat&s of blood 
newjy JpUt j .but looking mum about 'em, they difco- 
ver'd.a company .of peq'pje at a diftarice oathe tide .of ( a 
htlfm and. priiimtjy judged *em^hc PoijVincfintecairv'd 
by lus.jenrants .either to hi* cure or hur*aJL. , They|iatn 
fo overtake 'em, which they (wfr effefted, *he othea 

of the renown* d DdH Qtf ikotf * . f 17 

palnuig him fo that ho could not bear going any further. 
Claudia and .Roque. difmounting, haftily came up to- 
him. The fervants were ftartTd at the appearance of 
Roque, and Claudia waa troubl'd at the fight of Dod 
Vinceate, and, divided between anger and companion, 
had you given me this, and made good your promife, 
faid (he to him, laying hold of his hand, you had never' 
brought this misfortune upon yourfelf The wounded 
gentleman lifting up his languiihing eyes, and knowing 
Claudia, Now do I fee, (aid he, my fair deluded miftrefs, 
'tis you that have given me the fatal blow, a punish- 
ment never defcrv'd by the innocent unfortunate Vin- 
cents, whofe actions and. denies had no other end but 
that of living his Claudia. What, Sir, anfwer'd /he 
prefeptly, can you .deny that you went this morning to 
many Leonora, the daughter of wealthy Belvaftro t 
'Tis all a &lfe report, anfwer'd he, rais'd by my evil 
fears to fpur up your jealoufy to take my life, which 
fince 1 leave in your fair hands, I reckon well difpos'd 
of $ and to confirm this truth, give me your hand, and 
receive mi^e, the laft pledge of love and life, and take 
me for your hu&and ; 'tis the only fatisfa&ion 1 have 
to give for the imaginary wrong yon fafpeft I have com- 
mitted. Claudia prefs'd his hand, and being piercM at 
once to .the very, hearty dropped on- his blpody bread 
into a "fvfoori^ and Pan Vincent* fainted away into a 
deadly trance. • ' 

Raqve's-concern ftnick him (enfeleff, and the fervantf 
ran for water to throw in the fates of the unhappy cou- 
pje f by which at lad Claudia came to herftlf again, but 
Don Vifteente never wak'd from his trance, but breath* £ 
out the laft remainder of his life. .When Claudia per- 
ceiv'd this, and could no longer doubt but that her dear 
huiband was irrecoverably dead, fhe burft the air with 
hcrj&ghv A^d wounded the heaven? with her complaints. 
She tore Her ha>, fcatter'd it in the -wind, and with her 1 
mercilefs hands disfigur'd her face, Ihewing all the lively 
marks of grief that the firft failles of defpair can difcover. 
O cruel and iaconfiderate woman, ory'd fhe, how ean> 
waft thou let on' this. barbarous execution ! Oh, maddir 
Voi. IV, V ftu 

2 r8 7%* life and atchieommU 

fling of jealoufy, how defpemtt are thy motion*, 
how tragick the effetls 1 Oh my unfortunate hatband, 
whofe nacere love and fidelity to me fuive thus for hit 
nuptial bed brought him to the cold grave ! Thus the 
poor lady went on in fa fad and moving a ftrain, that 
even Roque's rugged temper now melted into tears, 
which on all occafions had ftUl been Grangers to his 
•yes. The feryaata wept and lamented, Claudia relaps'd 
into her fvrooning as faft as they found means to bring 
her to life again ; and the whole appearance was a moft 
moving feene of: forrow. At lair Retue Guinart bid 
Don Vincente's iervant* carry his body to his rather* » 
houfe, which was not far diltantj in order to have it 
buried. Claudia communicated toRoquebevrefofotioa 
of retiring into a monaftery, where an aunt of hor't was 
abbefs, there to fyqd the soft of her Kfo, wedded to a 
better and an immortal bridegroom. He com m e nd ed 
her pious resolution oftering to conduct her whither fte 
pleas'd, and to protect her father and family fom all 
afiaults and practices of their moft dangerous enemiei. 
Claudia made a modeft exeufe for declining his, company, 
and took leave of him weeping. Don Vmeente's fer- 
vants carry' d off the dead body, and Roque returned to 
his men. Thus ended Claudia Jeromma's anew, 
brought to fo lamentable a cataftfophe by the prevaSiog 
|c>rce of a cruel ant| defperate jealoufy. 

Roque Guinart found his crew where he had appointed, 
and Don Qbhtote jh the middle of *em, mounted on Ro- 
iinante, and declaiming very copioufry againft their wty 
•f living, at once dangerous to their bodies, and deftrue- 
vive to their fouls ; but his auditory being chiefly coo* 
pos*d of Gofeojgneri, a wild unruly kiaf of people, all 
his morality was thrown away upon *e*n. Roque opts 
his arrival aftVd Saachp if they bad feftorM him aH bis 
things ; every thing, Sh\ aafwer'd Sambo but mite 
night-caps, that are worth a king's raajbm. Whit 
,tays the fellow, cry'd one of the robbers ? Here they **, 
and they are not worth three ficcs. As to the mtiinficJr 
Tslue, reply 'd Don Quixote, they may be worth w 
* ' * were, 

of the rittturfd Dm Quixote. at* 

Snare* W 'tift.thf fotrit: of the perfoti that gave 'em 

me that raifes tbtir value to that price. 

JUoue orderM *«m to be reftor'd immediately J and 
commanding his men to draw up in a line, he caus'd 
all the clothes; jewels, jfeoney, aad an the other booty 
they fed fat fine* the fctffc d&tbhtton, to be brought 
before -him ; .then readily eppcaiiieg every particular, 
and reducing into money what con'd not be divided, he 
caft up the account of the whole, and then made a juft 
dividend into parts, ptyiog to evert man his exact and 
due.pfoportiQO with fe ajjdeh prooexee and equity, that 
heW r d»otiflthek^kpo»tof<iiftribtitiTejufticc. The 
booty tbuinWd to the pacta! fatisfaflkra, if it were not 
for this pua&oal i rianagsmen t (find Reaue, taming to 
X)ea<^i3B0tt)tiwrewooldbenoUfing«knotigiM. Well, 
ouoth Sasche, juftke rooft heeds hea good thing, arid 
the oLiproverbftiU holes good, thieves are never rogues 
amostg them&lve*. , One of the banditti over-hearing 
him, opek'd felt gun, and would certainly have ifcet 
him through the head, had not the captain commanded 
him to hold; Foot Sencho was ftreck as mute as a fifl?, 
aoxl #eiolvM no^ to ooen his nps once more, till he got 
into better company. 

J&y this time, cane one or two of their fcouts that 
lay^er4^ontl^|pad,ani inform^ their captain, that 
tne?Jiad<lfcover'dft$ieatc*m^ on the 

way toJferp4©W# Are they fueh as weloolo for, a&M 
11091% * && Mkokftr us? 5ucn *s we look for, 
Sfry^twpr'd the fellow } away then, eryM Roane, ell 
*£flw our^yP* and hfing v em me hkher ftraight, let 
none e&aoe. The fjuires prefeatly obey'd the word 
of command, and left Don Qiixte, Roquc, and Sancho 
to wait their return. In the mean time Rootle enter. 
tain!4 thejtnjght with fome remarks on his way of 
living, , j (howid not wonder, faid he, Sigaor Don 
Quixote, that oar life mould appear to you a reftleb 
complication of <haca*ds anddifqtuets ; ror 'tis no more 
than what dafty experience has made me Jennble of. 
Vowmuft Jcnow* that this barbarity and aaftere behayioe- 
whit* *aSc& to »tw is a.pere fees* Upon my . net* 
w U % be! 

(220 The lift and atthtevtintnU 

fbeing urged to this extremity by tha refcntmeht of "feme 
fevere injuries, . which I could not put up wtfiout a 
*atisfac>ory.xevenge, and now I am in, I praft go thro' ; 
one fin draws on another, in fpite of my better uefigm ; 
and I am .now iavolv'd in fuch a chain of wrongs, fac- 
tions! abetters, and engagements, that no left than the 
divine power of providence can free me from tips maze 
of confufion t neverthekfs, I defpav not fttll of a fur- 
/cefsful end of my misfortunes. 

Don Quixote, being furpriz'd to hear- fitch found fenfc 
.and fober reflection come from one, whofe dlftrderly 
profejfion was fo oppofite to discretion and pofcenefr; 
.SignorRoque, faid he, *tis a great ftep to health fori 
man to umjerftand his' diftemper, and- the compliance d 
r the patient tatbetfulei of phyficJcis reckoned half the 
cure. You appear fenfifafa of the- malady, arid there- 
fore may reafonabiyeipec*r a: remedy, though yourdif- 
eafc being nVd by a long inveteracy, muft 'mbjeer you 
( I'm afraid) to a tedious courfe. The Almighty PhyfieJtR 
will apply effectual medicines : therefore be of good 
, heart, and do you*, part toward* the recovery of your fide 
conference. If yoahavc » mind to take -theMherteft road 
to happinefs, immediately abandon the fatal fr ro f e m on yoa 
: now fallowy and come' uMdetmy tuition*, to be irrfhocW 
. in the rules of kni^t-wrant*y, which will foot* expiate 
your offences, and iatitle yoe to honour* and true feli- 
city. Roane finfl'd to hear DoirQuhiote's ferious id- 
vice, ai$d changing the* difcourfc, gave *ntm an account 
of Claudia Teronima's tragical adventure, which griet'd 
Sancho to the heart) for the beauty, life, and spirit of 
the young damfel, had ijot-a littk wrought u^on his 

By this time Roquc'j -party had brought in tfcefr jn>, 
' confiftsng of two-geuotanen oq horfebadt, and'twopil- 
. grims wi root, and a coach fall of women, attended by 
< fome half a dozen, fervants a- foot and % bone-back, be- 
: fides two muleteers that belong* d to the two ge n dem m . 
.They were ah* condu&ed in mkmn order, ftirtwrhded by 
•.the viclota, both they and the vanodiuYd bemfWqit, 
a ni ejrpe&ingjjic definitive feapjit* tf thtgrf^JJc^ie. 

• He 

Sfe£rftaJkVi.theeejidenen who they were > Whithtr 
bound ? Mi what money they had about *em ? They 
anfwer'd, that they were betk captains of Spanifh foot, 
and theie rompanit* were at Naples y and- they defign'd 
to emW)c on the four ^allies, Which they heard were 
bound for Sicily* and their whole ftock amoohted to two 
or three hundred crowns, which they thought a pretty 
Aun of money for men of their profeffion, who feldom 
ufe to hoard up riches* The pilgrims being examin'd hi 
like manner, {aid, they intended to embark for Rome, and 
had about fofito threefcore reaU between 'em both. Up- 
on examining the coach, lie waj informed by one of the, 
ferrants, that my lady Donna Guiomar de Quinonnet, 
wife to a judge of Naples, with her little daughter, a 
chambermaid,, and an old duena* together with fix o- 
ther Jef vents, had among 'em all about fix hundred 
crown*. So then, £ud Rooue, we hare got here in all 
nine kindred crowns and fixty reals j I think I have 
apt about threefcore foldiera bete with me. Now a- 
mong So many men kow much will fall b> each particu- 
lar/hare? Letmeisc, for lam none of the beftaccomp- 
tanta, Caft it opi gentlemen. The highwaymen hear- 
ing this, cry'd, long live Rooue Guioart, and damn the 
dogs that fcek his ruin* The omcess Jook'd funply, the 
lady wasiadly deje&ed, and die pilgrims were no ltd 
cafrdown, thinking this a very odd confiscation of their 
link flock* Roo^ue held 'em a while in fufpence to 
obierve their humours, which he found all very plainly 
to agree in that point, of being melancholy for the Ion 
of their money : then turning to the officers, do me 
the favour* captains, faid he, to fend me threefcore 
crowns ; and 70U, Madam, if your ladyfhip pleafe% 
fhall oblif* me with fouiicere, to gratify thefe honeft 
gentlemen of my fauadron j 'tis our whole eftate ami 
fortune 5 and yon know, the abbot dines, of what he 
lings for. Therefore I hope you will etaileour demands, 
which will free you from any mere difturbancc of this 
nature, being fecur'd by a J>afs> whkh I Audi give you, 
direded.tat^reftof my fauadrons that see eofted ' 
thefe parfa> a*d wh& by virtue of 

V % 

*lti $hi lift and atchmmentr * 

j , - 

*go unmoleffced ; fcr f fcorn to wrong a lottier, and I 
moft not fail in my refpe&s, Madam, tof the fair fex, 
. cfpecjally to ladiet of your quality. 

The captain* with all the grace they codd; thankM 
him for his great civility and liberality, for fo they 
. «Aeera*d his letting thwn keep their own money. The 
]ady would lave thrown faerfelf out of theTcacb at his 
feet, hut Roque would Hot fuffef it; rather excuflng the 
- prefumption of Jus demands, which he was i fbrcM to, in 
pure compliance with the riecenlty of his fortune. The 
Jady then ordered one of her fervaftts to- pay immediately 
the fburfcore crowns. The officer} olftVursM their 'cjuota 
and the pilgrims made an oblation of 'their mite ; but 
Roque ordering *em to wait a little, and'' turning to h's 
. men, gentlemen, faid he, here are two' crowns a p:ere 
.for each of you> and twenty over and above. Now let 
us beftow ten of 'cm on thtfe poor pttgrims, and the 
• other ten on this honeft /quire, that he may give us a 
.good word in his travels. So calling for pen, ink and 
.paper, of which he always went provided, he wvote a 
pauport for em; directed to the commanders of his fc- 
.veral parties, and taking hfe leave, dtfmifsM them, oil 
«wondering at his greatneis of foul, that fpoke rather an 
JUezander than a pvofbfsVt •highwayman.' One of fap 
mtn. began to emitter in bis Catalan? -language : This 
-captain- of ours is plaguy charitable', he vnralfl make a 
.•better friar than a pad $ come, conie/ if he His a mind 
•to be fo liberal fbriooth, let his own pocket,- not our?, 
jpay for it. ?be wretch fpojte not fo low, bat he w» 
•overheard by Roque, who whipping out his fword, with 
am ftroke alsnoftrleft his fkull in two. Thus it is I 
jpuni/h mutiny, raid-hc. All the reft Hood' modonlef;, 
and jdurft not ntatter one word, fo great Was the awe they 
Jmre him. * Roque then withdrew a little, and- wrote s 
jetter to a friend of his lit Barcelona, to jet him know 
jhat the famous knight ^eiram Don' Quixote, of whom 
Jo. many ihange things ver* reported" was with hm\ 
£hat be might be. fare to find him on rmdifumrner-dty on 
the. great key of that city, arm'd at all points, mourned 
#n ^©i^ant^ "4»<||i»f9 J u.feit)a L aaafe'3 *tbat ha .win a 

I "* moil 

tf thPrMtwrti : T)tth QtJlxoir e. *2 J 

mo& pleaiant ingenious perfon, and would give great 
iatisfadiofi to him and hit friends the Niarros, for which 
mfon he apwJwtM* mfrtMth* »jb* fpflhnfi; 
adding, th3t he flioiild by oo'ineans Jet t& ,Cw^ his 
eaenaics, parSalct'of this pieafure, as bein% imwfcrthy of 
it : But how was it pofiible to conceal from them, or 
any body elfe, the folly and discretion of Don Quixote, 
and the buffoonery^" Sancljo Papca^. He deliverd the 
letter to one of fits men, who changing his highway 
cloaths to a countryman's habit, went to Barcelona, and 
|ave i* as ^reaof^ . wVv « . -....„ r v . \, - ci 



» . 




t .,-►> 

i r •! 

• ■* 


C H A 

^ Jfa lift, and tfchitvaiurtt 

• • --. A • . *» ♦ M 

• •««•!< »* « 


- . . • 1. • 1 ■* U • K- •■■■•■ T • 

t • « • i t'» * ' • '• ' • 

* '' c»A?; fit 

2>0n ^gt artrVi earerjp far* Barcelona, 1&Hh Uber attiddm 
that bane left ingenuity them truth in y em % 

T\ON Quixote ftiy'd three cays and tW nights 
II with Roque, and had he tarried at many hun- 
dred years, he might have found fubjeft enough for ad- 
miration in that kind of life. 1* hey flcpt in one place, 
and cat in another, ibmetimes rearing they knew not 
what, then laying in wait for they knew not whom. 
Sometimes forcM ta^n^Wftfp" tending, never enjoying 
a found fleep. Kow in this fide tf»e country, then pre- 
fently in another qgarjter; always upon the watch, 
fptes hearkning, fcouti lftftening, carbines preiendngj 
though of fuch heaVy fons they had but few, being 
arm'd generally with ptttolsv lloque himfelf Hept apart 
from the reft, making no. plan privy to his lodging! ; 
for fo many were the proclamations againft him from the 
viceroy of Barcelona, and fuch were his difqukts and feu* 
of being betray' d by Tome of his men for the price of htf 
head, that he dnrft truft no body. A life moft mtfer- 
able and uneafy. 

At length, by crofs-roads* and by-ways, Roque, Don 
Quixote and Sancho, attended by fix other ftuires, got 
to the ftrand of Barcelona on audfummer-eve at aigbt j 
where Roque, having embracM Don Quixote, and pre- 
iented Sancho with the ten crowns he had pronuYdhun» 
Cook his leave of r em both, after many complimeDts on 
both fides. Roque rctum'd to his company, and Doa 

v (Juucptt 

, . . • , • 

efih? r*notvn , 'dl)onQv ixoyE. 225 

Qtffxotetby'd there Waiting the approach of day, mount- 
ed** Roque left bUrii r 'tfot long after the fair Aurora 
Yregan to peep through t^he balconies of the ea£, clearing 
the dowry fields, j^hife it the fame time a melodious 
found of hautboys and keule-drumk che'af*d'tlie ears, arif 
prefentiy was joitfd #kh jingling of morrice-bells an£ 
thctrampling and'^rlcs of horfemen coming out of the 
city. Now Aurora u/rJeV'lf up thejollv fun, who loojc'd 
big *on the verge vf the liorjfdn,' with his broad face as 
ample as a target. Dorr £Mjbfote and Sahcho, tailing 
their looks abroad, difcoVer (Tthe fea, wnich' they hafl 
new feen before,. To them it made a noble and fpa- 
cious appearance, ftrlwggejr than the like Ruydera, which 
they faw in la Mancha. The gallies-in the port taking 
in their awning*, made a' pjeafant light wit.h theft; flags 
and ftreamers, that waVd In the air, anJ fofjietimes kifs d 
and^fwept the watett, ^*Wfe trolmpel^ hautboys, and 
other -warlike mftfuments tnjtt re founded from on boar<|, 
fllFd the air all round' Vs^tb reviving and rnartiai .har- 
mony. A while- after* the galljes moving, began (p 
join-on the calm^airi a counterfeit engagement'; and 
at rite ftrVnc time a vsrft number of gentlemen rriarcji 4 
out of die city hb^lr equippM^btich liveries, anjl 
gallantly 'mounted, and ui like maimer did their part on 
the land/ to coropjeat the warlike ' entertainment. The 

omarines ttifcbarg'd' numerous vollies from, the.' gallies, 
which were arifweJ'b* By thereat, guns from the pattle- 

*of the long pieces 
fealxmTdand ' 

«es of ordinance in their fosbrcaftles/ *jfhe 
dsjncNf} the land was" gay, andJ&e.Mcy fe r 
qtfatter, bat 'where the clouds jbf fcriokP 

cover ; how thele*hu& : btilkrV tilings 

WtMdf have ft mairy leei J ^ 




320 7ftr life and trtrtnrVg&m 

..... + . ♦ ♦ - ■ ■ 

tone of *em amongft the reft, who was the fenbn to 
whom Rooue had written, cry*d out alood ; welcome, 
: the mirror, the light, and norUW**r of taight*-cmatry ' 
<welcome> I fay, valorous Jpojj tajfacote de Ja Mancha, 
feet the comuteif eit and apocryphal, mewn us lataiy in 
Jalf# hiftofies, bpt die true, TetijSmate, andnleitakk He, 
a^crib'* by Cid Hamet, &,f5pwqr qf hlftoemgnpfcr* ! 
^>on Quixote made no aofwcv nor did the gentleman Aay 
Tot- aay> but wheeling abojit with the reft of hit cmnoa- 
nionSj all prancing round jujn in' token of joy,' the/ 
encotno^fsM the kinght ap& tbetfuire. Don Quixote, 
turning about to Sancho, ft items, laid aye, these gnede- 
inen know ua well. I dare engage they have read our 
hiftorj/ahd that which the,Arrijpxiian lately t/akUuVd. 
Ttib ^entfcmin thaf ipokit to the knight, returning, 
,'fcqble Don Quixote, faid he, we intreat yon to come 
"along with tje company, being all your humble {errant*, 
1 Hn'd imnds of JCoqoe Guinart. Sir,, anfwer'd Don Qnix- 
MDte, yourcbiytcfy bcanrychalikeneikto thegraat Ro- i 
Oue*s generofity, tftat']cQui4 civJHty.heget, civility, J 
' Should take ^our*a fo^ the daughter or near relation of hi*. 
I ihall wart on you where jrt»u pleaie .to comanad, 
jot I am whoty atjrour 4cjQ^on : , The mfodemm 
returned his compliment, rat N> ftM of *tw mooing his ' 
'ift.the'.mlddk . of their tr^ade, .*hey .^gduaed baa 
it wards the qty, dnm^Wtiag, an^ hautboys abmf 
"before 'em ajl the way. jfat, a*; tfc.aW 1 and 01 kk 
would have it, or the fcoyt, .whq, am mora unbcef 
than diejdeyil hinuW,"tw<MBtfc^ouayoujig bafenfc j 
made a ,»ift t^jforo^h 

JfccK 1 

fours apjfyM > tljeir jpflfeirs, dapp'd f£nr tt* 
cTofe, and in^eaVe' the ir pain, r and began to wiact, 
afcd floiince. and kick (o furioufly, that et.,laft thw 
threw dibfr riders; and laid laid Wh ibafter end a* 
feawling, ja the facet. Qan Qjjjxpfe, oat of cma* 
fenance, and nettf'd at Jyi iugracv went to difar 
fcaga hit' hode from hja new jlunw^e, apt) Staca* 

tftbt rtnawttd X)m Qvixotk. ii-f 

id *s moth fot Dieple, while the gentlemen turnM 
p chaftie the boya for their rudeueft . Bat the yonag 
oeae* were fife enough, being prdcntly loft inane 

h a » cn ou C '.h*.t-iU*d.' tw mttwt 4*4 

hen tnauttd aflua*. Jto* COB mfiak end prpotjbon 
*ent '■on, till (he) Jrrit'd' »t' their condud)or-| hmifc, 
*birb, by it's Uigcadi and beiuty, befooke (ha 
■wner inafter of i great eltate ; where we leave him 
for the prefect, becaufe 'ti« Cid HiOWt'i will *ad 
plcafira it Aouldbn A. i < 

•<3 HAP 

Oo8 . Tbf life : and MUhitvtments 

. ... t> 


2fce gJviHturt tf the intbemttd bead, voitb §tber «*■ 
pertinencti not f • be omitted. 

THE perfon who entertain'd Don Quixote, was 
call'd Don Antonio Moreno, a gentleman of 
food parts, and plentiful fortune, loving all thofe 
diverfions that may innocently be obtained without 
prejudice to 1JU neighbours, and not of the humour 
of thofe, who wou'd rather lofe their friend than their 
jeft. He therefore refolv'd to -make his advantage of 
Don Quixote's follies without detriment to his perfon. 

In order to this, he perfuaded the knight to take off 
his armour, and in his ftrait-lac'd chamois-clothes (at 
we have already (hewn him) to ftand in a balcony that 
look'd into one of the principal ftreets of the city, where 
he ftood expcVd to the rabble that were got toge* 
ther, efpedally the boy?, who gap'd and ftar'd on 
Kim, as if he had been fame overgrown baboon* 
The feveral brigades of cavaliers in their liveries, be- 
gan afrefli ts letch their careers about him, as if 
the ceremony were rather perform* d in honour of 
Don. Quixote than any folemnjty of the feftival. San- 
cho was hugely pleas'd, fancying he had chopp'd up* 
on another Camachio*s wedding, or another home like 
that of Doir. Diego de Miranda, or fome caftle like 
thcdufeeV. " 


€f thremnvrfd Dot Quixote. M$ 

Several of Don Antonio's friends din*d with him 
e$ay> and all of 'em honouring and rtfpecling D04 
ote as a knight-errant, they pufFd up his vanity t$ 
a degree, that he could icarce conceal the oleafure 
sVe took is their adulation. As for Sancho, he made 
alkch /port to the iervants of the 1 houfc, and all that heard 
him, that they watcVd every word that came from his 
sBBOOth. Being all very merry at table, hoaeft Sancho, 
£kid Dob Antonio* f am told you admire, capons and fau- 
Cages to much, that you can't he krisfied with a bejly- 
ftal, and when you can eat no mosse, you cram the kb) 
snt» yotar Wet chca againft the next morning . No. Sir, 
»*l like you, aniwer*d Sancho, *tis all a ftory> I am 
artore cleanly than greedy, Fd have you to know j here's 
any marker can tell you, that many times he and I ufe ta 
Irreibr a week together upon a handful of acorns and 
walnnts. Truth is, I am not overnice i in fuch a place 
as this, 1 eat what's given me ; for a g!ft«horfe fbouty 
not be looked into the mouth. But whofoevcr told you 
1 was a greedy-got and a floven, has told you a fib, and 
were it not for reflect to the company, I wouW tell him 
snore of my mind, fo 1 would. Verily, faid Don Quix- 
ote, the manner of Sancho* s feeding ought to hedelivcr'd 
to fttcceeding ages on brazen monuments, as a future 
memorial of his abfttaencc and cleanltnefs, and an exam- 
ple to poflerity. ^ii triie, when hi fatfsfies' the calf 
vi hunger, he feems to io it ibrnewhat ravenoufly j in- 
itcd he (wallows apace, ofes his grinders very notably^ 
and chews with both jaws at once. But in fpftc of the 
-charge of floveniwefe now Jaid upon him, I muft declare. 
he is fo nice an obferver of neatnefsj that he ever makes 
a clear conveyance of his food ; when he was governor, 
his nicety in eating was remarkable, for he wotf'd eat 
grapc^ and ev*n pomegranate-feeds with the point of his 
fork. How, cry'd Don Antonio, has Sancho then been 
a governor ? Ay, marry has he, anfwer*d Sancho, go- 
vernor of the iflarid of Barataria. Ten days I govern' d, 
an) who but I ! But I was fo broken of my reft all the 
tone, that all I got by't was to learn to hate the tra<f 
«f governing from the bottom of my foul. So that 
«/ot. IV. X ms 

230 72?/ Ufi end atcbuumuats 

made fiua hate to leave it, X fell into a deep hole, where 
I wa» buried alive, and (hould have lain till now, ha4> 
qot providence pulTd roe out of It. Don Quixote then 
related the cimunftancet of Sancho's government ; aoA 
the cloth being taken away, Den Antonio took the 
knight by the hand, and carried him into a private 
chamber, wherein there was no kind of furniture, bat a 
table that appeared to be of jafper, fupported by feet 
of the ftxne, with a brazen head fet upon it, from 
the bread upward!, like the effigies of one of the 
Roman emperors, Don Antonio having walk'd wick 
Don Quixote feveral truns about the, room, Signo* 
Don Quixote,, laid he, being affur'd that we are very 
private, the door faft, and nobody lifrning.. I lhal] com- 
municate to you one of the mctft fbrange and won- 
4crful adventures that ever was known, provided yoa 
treafure it up as a fecret in the clofeft apartment of 
your breaft. I (hall be as (beret as the grave, aa- 
fwer'd the knight, and will clap a tomblrone ova 
your beret, for farther (ecurity j befides, aflare your. 
felf, Don Antonio, continu'd he, (for by this tiim 
lie had learn' d the gentleman's name) you converfc 
with a per/on whefe ears are open to receive what his 
tongue never betrays. So that whatever you c o mm i e 
to my truft, (hall be buried in the depth of fcot- 
comlefs filence, and lie as fecure as in your ova 

In confidence of your honour, (aid Don Antonio, 
I doubt not to raife yotrr aftonimment, and dii&urbva 
N my own breaft of a fecret, which has long lain upaa 
my thoughts, having never found hitherto any peiiba 
worthy to be made a confident in matters to be oto- 
ceal'd. This cautious proceeding raisM Don Quixote's 
curiofity ftrangely $ after which Don Antonio led him 
to the table, and made him feel and examine all over 
the bearer* head, the table, and the jafper fup porters. 
Now, Sir, faid he, know that this head was made by 
one of the greateft inchanters or necromancers in the 
world. If I am not miftaken, he was a Polanoer by 


of tbirenowrfd Don Qutxoti. £3* 

t'aAj and the difciple of the celebrated Efcotillo *, of 
rbona fo many prodigies are related. This wonderful 
person wat here in my houfe, and by the intercemon at 
1 thousand crowns, was wrought upon to frame me 
this head, which hat the wonderful property of anrwer* 
og inr your ear to all queftions. After Jong ftudy, 
ere&ing of ichemes, calling of figures, cenmltariont 
with the ftars, and other mathematical operations, this 
head was brought to the asorefaid perfection, and to 
sj wifM g (for on Fridays ft never fpeaks) it Aall give 
yoo proof of it's knowledge, till when yow may con* 
aider of" year mod puzzling and Important doubts; 
which will have a full and fatiafactory relation. Don 
Qttbrote was amai'd at this Grange virtue of the head, 
and could haidly credit Don Antonio's account ; but 
considering the Jhertnefs of the time that deferred hit 
fall (atisfacjtioa m the point, he was content to fufpend' 
his opinion till next day $ and only thank'd the gentleman* 
for making him fo great a difcovery. So out' of the 
chamber they went, and Don Antonio having lock 1 * 
the door very carefelly, they return'd into the room 
where the reft of the company were diverted by San- 
cWs relating to *em fome of his matter's adventures. 

That afternoon they carry'd Don Quixote abroad, 
without hi* armour, mounted, not on Rofinante,- but 
•n a large eafy mole k with genteel furniture, and him- 
m\{ drefs*d alter the cityfafhion, with' a long coat of 
tawny-coiettr v d cloth, which with the prefeht heat of 
tfce foftm,. was Enough to put fVoft Itftdf into a fweat. 
They gave private orders that Sanch* ftou'd be enter- 
tain'd within door* all that day, left he Aould fpoif 
their fport by going out- The knight beine/Tnourited,' 
•hey pian'd to his- back, wkhout his knowledge, * piece 

X * of 

* 0r 9 Little Scot» " Cervantei meant MiebaoPSeotvt, 
•trbv, being more knowing in natural And experimental 
fkilofbf&y than wat common in the dark age* if ign<orance % 
faftd for a magician ; a% friar. Bacon and Afovti thf 
Great did; of &* frfi of xobom tfria+8atn} f hk 
f*} of a brazen bead is told* 

ly% thi life and dtcUiv e n u nt s 

#f parchment, with thtffe words written ia large fetters; 
Thit f i Do* &!X9te de U AUncU. At £uon aa tact 
began their walk, the fight of the pwrhmf r dreu 
the eye* of every body to read the uucriptfoa j 4o thai 
the knight bearing fo many people repeat the wordl 
T/w it Don Quixott dt U Mon^ia, wonder** to heg 
aimfelf aaaVd ajad knawn by every one that fen* him> 
thereupon turning to Don Antonio, that rode ay U 
ade : How great, nud he, is this fagfe p r aiogli vet 
knight-errantry, by which it's pflofe floss are ksana 
tad diftfrguUh'4 through all the confines of the ua| 
verie I Don't yon hear, Sir, contiwM he, how t*tj 
very boys in the ftreet, who hare never feea me heron) 
know mo ? 'Tis very true, Sir* anfwer'd Dost Aatonei 
ikM h>e that always discovers itfcjf by it's own light 
ao virtue has that luftre that never fails to difplay idel 
e/pecklly that renown which it aoauir'd hy the pva 
ffflfon of ana** - 

Puring this procefion of the? knight and his ao* 
flauding followers, a certain Caftiliaa. reading the final 
at Don Quixote's, hack, cry'd cast aloud, Now tht 
devil take thee for Don Quwote de bMandaa! Wbe 
would have thought to- have found thee here, aad fat 
ahve, after fc many hearty drubbing? that have beta 
said about thy thoukfters. Can't you be snad ia etivtav 
and among your friends, with a pox to you, hut yoa 
sauft run about the world at this rite, and snake every 
body that keeps you company as erraot- coa coaaa * m 
vouWelf ? Cet yea home to your wife and children, 
blockhead, root after your houfc, and leave playing the 
fool and diaVadmg thy fenfes at .this rale, with a panel 
of noiuenfical whimfies. Friend, Jai* Dea Atftonav 
go about your bufinefi, aad kocj>, your advice for tana 
that want it. Signor Don Quixote is a man of toe 
much tenfe, not to be above your caanlel, and we 
know our biraatia without your jateraseddliag. vVe 
only pay the tefpeft due to virtue. So, in the nstat 
of ill-luck, g* your ways, and don* t meddle where yea 
havenobufitwnv. Truly now, (aid the Caffilian, yoa'ie 
s « »jh«i -?wi 'tie but Amiog egaiaft the Area* ta 

» . 

\ .••<.„ 

- -t 

ef the renown' d Don Quixote. 23$ 

five him advice, though ft grieves me tfc think thit 
whim of knight-errantry- Jfcould fpoil all the good part* 
which they fay this madman has. Bat iiMuck light 
«m me, as you'd have ft, and* all my generation, if e'er 
you catch me advmnghim or any one elfe againy though - 
I were defoed, and were to live the year* ef Jfcfethu* 
fefem. . So faying, the advifer went his ways, and the* 
cavalcade continued ; but the rabble preftM 4b very' 
thick to read the inscription, that Dob Antonio way 
forced to pull it off, under pretence of doing fomtthbg 
eh%. 1 ' ' 

Upon the approach of night they retam'd heme, 
where Don Antonio's wife, a lady of quality, and every 
way accompIHh'd, had invited feveral of her friends to> 
a ball, to honour- her gueft, and (hare in the diversion; 
his extravagances afforded. After a noble tapper, the 
dancmg begun about ten o'clock at night. Among; 
others, were two ladies of an airy waggiih difpofition, 
fcch a* though virtuous enough at the bottom, would 
*ot flick to $rama point of modefty for the diverfion 
•f good company. Thefe two made their court chiefly 
to Don Quixote, and ply*d him fo with dancing one 
after another, that they ttr'd not only his body, but his 
very foul. But the heft was to fee what an unaccount- 
able figure the grave Don made, as- he hopp'd and 
taflkM about, a long fway-back'd, ftarv'd-lock'd, thhi- 
IbsJkM, two-leggd thing,- waiirfcot-complexioft'd, ftuck 
•p hVa clofe doublet, aukward enough a;confcience, 
and certainly none of the lighted at a ftraband. The 
ladles give him feveral private hints of their inclination 
to his perfon, and he was not behind- harid in intimating 
to them as feeretry, that they were very indifferent to 
■tnrr till at la ft being almoft tciz'd *o death, Fugite 
partes ad*>erfoe x cry*d he aloud, and avaunt temptation • 
Pray ladies, play your amorous pranks with fomebody 
elfe, leave me to the enjoyment ef my own thoughts,' 
which are employ'd and taken up with the peerlefs 
Dukinea del Tobofo,. the fble queen .of jnjf.alfcftwA.i 
and fo faying, he fat himfelf down on the ground ir 
the midft of the hajl to reft his wearied fcones. 1> 

X 3 . ■ *nto 

*34 -. ¥ht Mi and atcbUwments 

Antcnfc gave order,* that be would be taken up ami 
tarry *d to bed j a^i the firft who was ready to lead at 
helping hand was tyancho, and as he was lifting him up» 
By 1 * lady, Sir. joafier qf mine, you nave (hook your 
heelsrjnorb fctioufly. Do you wink, we who arc float. 
And valiant muft be caperersy and that every knight- 
errant mujft b« a fnnpper pt caftjnetp ? If you do, you'ie 
Woundtfy deceiv'd, let mo tell you* Gadfookers, I 
know thafe >ha wou'd fopner. ctt.a giant's wind-pipe, 
thaa/% fiaper* #ad you been for, the fitoc-jig *, 1 had 
been your man ; for I Hap it away like any jer-faukon ; 
bwt-ras for regular dancing, I can't work a flitch at it. 
This >madc dilution for the company, till Sancho led 
out his fgafter a m order to put Jonr to bed, where he 
left him. swetyd over fr*ad and eacfc that he might 
fweat oat < the cold he had- caught hy dancing. . 

The he^t day Pon Antonw xefolving ,to make hit 
intended expqrilqent on the inchanted head, conduced 
Don Qgixose into the room, where it ftood, together 
with Sancho* a couple of hi* friends,, and the two 
ladies that had fo teaz r d the knight at the ball, and 
who had., ftaid all night wid* his wife ; and taring 
carefully lock'd the door, and enjoin'd them iecrecy, 
he told thorn the virtue of the head, and that this was 
the firft time he ever made proof of it $ and except his 
two friends, nobody did know the trick of the inches*- 
ment, and, had not they been tott of it before* they* 
had been drawn into the, fame error with the reft ; for 
the contrivance, of the machine was to artful and b 
cunningly manag'd* that it was impoflibk to difcover 
the cheat. Don Antonio himfclf was the firrt that 
made his amplication to the ear of the head, clofe to 
which fpea&utg in a voice, juft loud enough to be heard 
by the company ; Tell me, O head, .fcid, he, by that 
myfterious virtue wherewith thou art endu'd, what aie 
my thoughts at prefeat ? The head in a. diflind aad 


** Sbo*-jig, in which the tUneers $ap tbt fole 9/ tit*. 
itk the palm of tLtir ksr.d in time and rruajun* 

uitdttgAte ^piqe,^tyich wifhwit^in^M.f^beli^i *%* 
Vwer'd, J >iw. no jufec'of' tbot*ebt\ T'hqr..™*** *** 
aftonifriM at jhe voice, icing feapWe flpfcojy ifips in U*f 
room to anfwer. How ma,ay ot us, flip t£eie„ia the 
room, fai<| ppq Antonio again ?* ^he xoic^.^wwr'd 
in the iajnac keji, JTifu and' thy .wifity jtwo. of tijf 
frieody a^d'.tVo .of £ex,V t famous kng£t,«j|ir4 J)o* 
Quixote. de f Lji MaiwK^ ?ndjus fyuifc $a*cho4?jM$ar by 
name.. .Nfliy tfrcir airomflune^t was greater- than^efoey 

tow tftey ,^foi^cr , 4 i in^» 4 ;^ J j4.J^^]^^ <>f 
em flood ao.endwjth amazement. ^ 

^tiWtgh, 64 


jn if^unebody 

elic, try thejj, .fwtyw- • £s womefl a^,pef eraily mofr 
curious ,v>d^yiquiiui^4)ae ©f.tbft 4^cipg^ics-veiw 
turing uptp itl. Tejlme, head,.J$ fluy^whaufluJl 
I do to be 'truly hea'ppi^. y£t btncfa aaiwes/d thft 
head. | ^aye d«ne, . feply '4 &e • Ja^y* Wer • cAmpjuw* 
then came,. on> «and with ..the fame cung&ftp J t *r9uJ& 
know, fcidifcc, 'whether #ny JxufbanjJ loves m^ Wr* 1 * ft 
The hca"' 
Ull thee* 

Hie withdrew) t^at 9ueftion ^-^^^^ „-*—* 

a man'* acljoni are the t (urcft tokens; of t^diij^tioA 
of hi? miftd.'. Next came up one .of juo^jU^ruV* 
friends a#d> »u£d, l - 1 he -an/vei wa,S| '3?w 
Wfj? j ,That!s from, the queifcdn^fejfy'd the gentle^ 
man, t would- h*ve thee'telf mc whether thou Iqww'A 
mep J dot an&er?dythe head* thorn art JDm-Pedr* 
Norris. *Ti« enough,. O Jieao, Jaid the . gf ntlenoanrf 
thou hail convinced me, thatrthod knortcit ali things* 
So making zoom fq$ /omebody elfe, ,hls .friend advane'd, 
and aik'd the,hea4 what his aldeft ion and, heir deir'd h 
I have already told, tfiee, faid the head* that! was im* 
judge of thoughts j. ( however I will x$\\ thee, thab 
what thy heir. defi res, is to hury thee. ; *Tifife • reply' di 
the gentleman,. What I fee with my cyfV«J mark witfr 
niy finger ; I know enough. . , ; 

Pun Antonio. £ lady ai^d the »ext fueftiop t I do 

J $6 • : The lifi and atchievmeittt 

weH know -What to *flc thee, faid (he to the head, ooW 
tfell me* whether Khali long enjoy my dear hufbandf 
Thou /halt, anfwer'd the head", for his healthy con«J 
Jtitution and* temperance ©romife length of days, whiltf 
Aofe who Wfe too fail, are not like to live Ion* 
West : carHe' "Don Quixote : Tell me thou oracle, fal 
lite, was whtyl reported of my adventures in Monte 
4no*s tavej a dream or reality ? Will Sancho my fqtitt 
folfil nis jJromtfe, and fcourge himfelf effectually • 
rfnd •fliairDin'eihcM be difinchanted ? As for the a& 
ventures in 'the eaye, anfwerM the head, there's maol 
to be find «' they have fbmething of both ; Sancho 1 * 
whipping ihati go on but leiiurelyj however, Dot 
cinea Ihatl 'at laft be really freed from inchantment 
That's fell I defire to know, faidDon Quixote, for thl 
whole* rtre&xjf my good fortune depends on Doldnea** 
aifinchantment. Then Sancho made the lift applica- 
tion, an't pfeafe you, Mr Head, quoth he, fliall 1 
Ahance to nave another government ? Shall f ever get 
cletr'ef Hhis ftarving fquir$-erranting ? And fhall I ever 
fee mV own fireside again > The head anfwerM, Tfcoa 
Mult be a governor in thine own houfe ; If thou go'ft 
home, thod may* ft fee thy own fire-fide again ; and 
8f thou leatfft off thy ferviee, thou (halt get dear of 
thy f<jaireftiip. Gadzookers, ery'd Sancho, that's a 
Very good ofte, I vow ! a horfe-head might ha'told all 
this j I could have prophefied thus much myielf. Bow 
now, Brute, fiud Don Quixote, what anfwert woaldft 
Ihou have, but what are pertinent to thy questions f 
Kay, quoth Sancho,' fince you'll have it fo, h fall 
be fo j I only wifh Mr Head would have told me 
a little more' concerning the matter. 
< Thus the queftions propos'd, and the anfwers returned, 
were brought to a period, hut the amazement contirufd 
among all the company, except Don Antonio's two 
friends; 'who uoderftood die myftery, which Bencngeh 
is refolv'd now to difeover, that the world ftould he 
sto longer ana* d with an erroneous opinion of any 
•nagick or witchcraft operating in the head. He there-' 
tells you, that Don Aatooja Moracr, to tie* 


V '* 



>*•" u 

t J 

*Mmfejf,.ao4 furnace the iga)Q*ant» W this <Mfc U 
imitation of fucn another device, which he- Iwi Jet* 
contrivM fy a fotuary at Madrid, 

The manne* of it wis tWi The ts&le *wi the 

frame oq which U itood; the fat of which re/i»fM*4 

four eagles claup,. were of wood, jpeintad aid vawJisYe 1 

like jafper. . The-head, which look'4 Uke tfce ouft of 

a Roman emperor, aid of * hm& colour, **• «U hot* t 

low. and fb were the feet of thctaMf, whiojb orfwerlf 

aa&y to. the neck and breaft of the head % w* wheal 

lb artificially ^t'd, thrtfc JjeaVdJ* k*aU ef.a faoc*a 

through this cavity ran a till atpc, convey'4 mfa it fcy 

t paflage through the tiding of the aoeft* *nje? thi 

tabic. He that was to anfwer fet hit ejeutfc to th* 

cod of tbe.pipe i*the chamber wianpoata^^ by thai 

hoUewnefs of the trunk ieoahr'4 the*, peffifnt* ant 

delhrer'd his anfweia In dear aft* ajticftlftte w*r4a> (m 

that the imnoftucc could fearcely be #foM«l? o% . Thai 

oracle wa mao*g4J>y» young in g rni n oW mti**** * 

Poa Aiitonw'a. nephew, who, l^^agpW Wwdioot 

bejbit-hand from h» uncle* was able ,$j> aa{*w? !**(% 

and direOJy ,to tfc.fujft a>e&jeftf> a*i by conjeflwW its 

cvafioroj make; a return hahriJSnwfr to^ the-fcf*j wkh} 

the help of his ingenuity. Cid. jfo^iofam u» few 

ther* that during ten or twelve d^afterftijlu She won* 

dotal machine continued in mighty »$**» felt Jtt left 

the noifc of. Don AtomV* having <# inofeat** h**A 

In his houfc, that ^aye .aqfweis to *U. tteftpM,: began* 

to fly about :the city s and as he featf|.t$s,*pej|Jlfeje& 

the ^ars of jhewaicjiful centiueli <*f, out Mth hw. 

thought fit to give an accost of the whole Amtfiet t» 

the reverend uqui&ors, who ordered ; W* iW! hrftak to 

to pieces, .left it ihoujd gpv* oecanon of fcfldal pmong 

the ignorant vulgar.' &i $11 the head fftftdfiaraa 

Oracle, and a piece of inth^tmejMh wW> OoJlV.QuMBOtt 

and Sancho. , though the truth *,, ttafcnfcht. WM mucfc 

letter istisned in the. master thuv-fl* %eis«Yi<:.» • v- 

The gentry pi the pity iiv c* tooieiftnc* to, De*<Aat* 
towo, and for Dos <3^uixote*B *mqre /pJienoid entntair 
»"»V w/l«l)n.j^ Ja^i^.PJadntfe.g »«« j|mM r 


*38 *Tbi Rfvatid ateUevements 

tUreitioft, -appointed a running at the ring; abovt fit 
days after, but this was broken off upon an occafiot 
that afterwards happen'd* 

•' DoftQuixoteliad a mind to take a turn in die city 
Ohfoot, tnat he might avoid the crowd of boys that 
followed rum when he rode/ Re went out with Sancho 
and two of Don Antonio's ferrants, that attended him 
bV their matter's' order ; and paiftng through a certain 
ftroet, Don' Quixote look'dt up, and fpyM written over 
•'door in' great lettersthefe words, Hert ft 4 frfntiag- 
katfr. *I\A* dirbovery pleas'd the knight exucmel y, 
having now in opportunity of feeing a printing- pre6, 
a thing he-lieo" never feen before j and therefore to 
h/khfy hi* cGridfity, in he went with all his train. 
Vheite fte 4aw" feme working off the meets, others cor- 
NAjng the fbrros^ fome in one place picking of letters 
oat of the cafes, in another fome looking over a proof; 
ifl Jhort,' all the variety that is to fce feen in great print- 
iflg-moales* -He weht froni one workman to another, 
and wa* very iftquHrtive to know what* every body had 
hi hand ; and 'they were not backward to fatisry his 
cnriofitr* At length coming to one of the compofitors, 
and asking nim what he was about ? Sir, faid the 
painter, this gentleman here (mewing a likely fort of 
a man, fomething grave, and not young) has tranflated 
a book but ©FltaHah into Spaniih, and I am (erring 
fome of it hero ror the prefs. What H the name of it 
pray, faid Don Qnhcdte ? Sir, anfwer'd the author, the 
tide of ft m Italian is Li B*gat$U f And pray, Sir, 
asVd~Doii Quixote, What's the meaning of that word 
m Spaaftfc t Sir* anfwer'd the gentleman, Le B*i*teU 
it as much as to fay, Yrijkt j but though (he title pro- 
aiifes foliftle* yet -the contents are matters of impor- 
tance. I am a little converfant in the Italian, faid tht 
knight, and value myfdf upon pngmg fome ftanza*s 
•f ArioAo 3 therefore, Sir, without any offence, and 
not doubting of vour flcfll* but merely to fiitisry wj 
•vrSoity,' pwjr *«" ■*> hav* yon ever met with feck 
a word as Pig*Mta in Italian ? Ves, very often, Sir, 
V* the aothor, An* how db yon render h pray, 


of thtftnawri d Dan Quixote. £39 

laid Don Quixote ? How flwuld I render it, Sir, reply'd, 
lie tranflator, but by the word Porridge+Pti ? Body 
:>f me, cry*d Don Quixote, you are mate of the Ita- 
Lian idiom ? I dare hold a good wager, that where the 
Italian fays Piace, you translate it PJutfe j where it (ays, 
Viu, you render it Mere j £*, Above, and Gxu, Benutth, 
IMoft certainly, Sir, anfwer'd t'other, /or fuch are their* 
proper significations. What rare parts, laid Den Quix- 
ote, are loft to mankind for want of their j>tingea«r ted* 
and known ! X dare iwear, Sir, that the Workl is back-, 
ward in encouraging your merit. But 'tis- the fate of 
all ingenious men t How many of theni are, crampt ujfe 
and dUcountenanc'd by a narrow fortune ! And how ; 
many, in fpite of the moA laborious induury, dtfeau- 
ragM : though, by the way, Sir, 1 think this kind of 
Yerfion from one language to another, except it be frorr^ 
the nobleft of tongues, the Greek and Latin, > is like 
viewing a piece of Flemiifi tapeftry on the wrong fide* 
where, though the figures are diftinguiihablc, yet there; 
are fo many ends and threads, that the beauty *an4 
exaclnefs of the work is obfeur'd, and not i'a-advart- 
tageoufly dtfcernM as on the right fide of the hangings* 
Neither can this barren employment of tranflating out 
of eafy 'languages fhew either wit or maftery of ftiley 
no more than copying a piece of Writing by a prete* 
dent \ though ftill the bufinefs of tranflating wants not 
h*s commendations, iince men very often may be worfe 
employed. As a further proof of it's merits, we have. 
Doctor Cftriftoval de Figuero's translation of P after Fifa 
and Don Juan de Xaurigui's Aminta, pieces (o excel* 
lently well done, that they hate made *em purely their 
own, and left the reader in doubt which is the transla- 
tion, and which the original. Bat tel) me, pray Sir, 
do you . print your book at your own charge, or - have 
you fold the copy to a bookfeUer ? Why truly, Si*j 
anfwer'd the tranflator, I publiA it upon my own 
account, and I hope to clear at lead a thoufend crowns 
by this fiift edition $ for I defign to print off tw* 
thoufand books, and they will go off at fix real* apir 
ja a trice. Tm afraid you'll come wort of your ret 


*4& 1*9* lift *nd achievement; 

oning, laid Don'Quixote: 'tis a fignyou arc ftfll t 
stranger ta the tricks of thcfe bookfrllm and printers, 
and the juggjjng there is among them, I dare en. 
gtge you vvjfi fin£ two thoufand books Me heavy up* 
on your hinds, efpedaily if the piece fee fbmewhat 
tedious, and wants (pint. What, Sir, replyM the au- 
thor, would you fare me fen the profit of my labour 
to a bobfcftlfer fcr three marayddis a meet? For that's 
«he moft they will bid, nay, and expe& too I mould 
thank them for tie offer. No, no, Sir, I print not 
my works to' get feme in the world, my name is up 
alnsady ; >roBt ? Sh\ is my end, and without it what 
Unifies reputation f Well, Sir, go on and profper, faid 
Eton Qojxotr, and wjth that moving to another part of 
thte roofli, he iaw a man corre&ing a* Aeet of a book 
•alTd, The till* vf the Sou/, Ay, now this is feme- 
tiring, cryNrtfce kni|ht ? thefe are pat books that ought 
to be printed, though there are a great many of that 
atfad 5 for the number of finner* is prodigious m this 
age, and there is need of an infinite quantity of lights 
tor fo m*ny,darfc fools as we hate among us. Then 
faffing on, and enquiring the title Of a bodk of which 
another wbfkmah* was correcting a meet, they told Mm 
*€was the fecond pat? of that ingenious gentleman Da 
Qgixete de la Mancba, written by a certain perfon, s 
fttttSverof TordefiUas. I have Heard of that book befioe, 
jfcid Don Quixote, and really thought it had been burnt, 
and redttc'dto afiies for a fobtiih impertinent libel ; bet 
all in good time: Execution-day will come at kft *. 
For made ftortes are only ft fax goojl and' fgrefcable, ai 


n m i 

• Bat it f s tyaitinmas wity come, as it dots to ererv 
tog. Martinmas, 6r about the feafl of Si Martin, a 
tbi time for with fig facon/or winter, wpieh g*vtecc*fis* 
J* rbit Spanijh proverb, at is obftmfdbj SMtv it 1*1 
Sfanijb andTr$ncb dictionary. A eada puerco le tieae 
iu fan Martin ; and, adds li\ it is afflicahU tt fc*J**l 9 
-us- itihty Wbd fattih tbahfehtt ftf Jftp, t* & 
at GmTs affointtd time* 

are profitable, and bear tfce refeinbbnce .of truth j 
true niAoiy the mote valuable, the farther it keeps 
?Tom the fabulous. And Jo frying, ^e flung out of the 
jfttinri»g*lufidK>A a htff, 

Tlttt*ory iiy-Dta* Antonio wooM. netfe 4evr Do* 
<3uixote the gallics in the road, much to Sancho't fatifc. 
4a£tion, becaufe he had never feen any in jus life* Do* 
Aatoaio therefore ^avt notice Xo tfce cpnxnander of th* 
patties, that in the afternoon he would bring his gueft, 
Don Quixote de la Mancha, to fee themi the com* 
mauler and all the people of the town being by this 
time no'ftraftgert to die knight** charatteY. But what 
fcappenMinjhe gaflies, puftbe thefubjeftof ttoncxf 


r T ^a~' * ^k~* * ' 

»* » « .. • » 

<> .» -> i ,u' 

i4* TbtVtfi bni uiMtvmats 


CHAP. Lxm. 

4f, SancWs mufirtune . on board the raffles, *v?t& the 

* ftr*9g: advmtltra of the beautiful Morifca (Afoerifi 

♦ U&)<. ... 

MA N Y and ferious were Don Quixote's re- 
flections on the anfwer of the inrhanftd hod, 
none hit on the deceit, but centered all in the 
pronufe of Dulcinea's dUinchantment ; and cxpe€ting it 
would fpeedily be effe&ed, he refted joyfully Satisfy 'd. 
At for Sancho, though he hated the trouble of being 
a governor, yet (till he had an itching ambition to rale, 
to be obey'd, andT'agpear great; 'for even foots lova 
authority. - 

In mort, that afternoon Don Antonio, hit two friends, 
Don Quixote, and Sancho, fet out for die amities. The 
commander being adverted of their coming, upon their 
appearance on the key, oflter'd ail the gaUks to roike 
fail j the mufick play*d, afrit a pinnace forced with rich | 
carpets and crimfon velvet cushions was presently hotted | 
out, and fent to fetch 'em aboard. As (boo at Don 
Quixote fet his foot into it, the admiral galley difcharg'J 
her forecaftle-piece, and the reft of the gaUiet did tot 
like. When Don Quixote got over the gunnel of the 
galley on the ihrboard-fide, the whole crew of flares, 
according to their cuftom of (aluting perfent of quality, . 
"weJcoaiM him with tHfte hu, hu, hue, jSt;bis*JhV 
The general (for fo we muft call him) by birth a Va. i 
lencian, and a man of quality, cave him hit hand, and 
embraced him. This day, iaid he, will I mark at ooe 
>f the aappieft I expefc to fee w all my life, fine*! 


the heaoar ' neat to fee Sqrior 9oa Quixoi* 

fa Mancfca ; this day, I fay, that feto Wore my 

the fcmmary of wandering chivalry collecled ia 

Dote Quixote returo'd his compliment 

writh «o . left .civility, end appeared ovetjoy*4 to fee 

Umfckf 4b treated Jike a grandee. Preiensjy they all 

wot isttc* the. fote-room, which was handfomly a* 

4orn'd, and these* they took their places, The boat- 

ftattio went to the fore-caftle, and with, hit whiftk or 

«ali gave eksxdfea to the flaws to rhrip, which wesobeirU 

aBba.flaoment« Sanchowas fcar'd to fee £> jqpny fcW 

lows in their naked ifkint, but moft of all when he law 

1 tom JmUc^p the fail* fo iewedi Wy ftf, as he though* 

eoald aeterhsve been done but by. Romany devil*. Ha. 

fead plae'd himlelf a art-flue* nest the-aftmoft rower 

mo tfre Aerhoerd-fide j . who. being inhWtcd what to do,. 

caee^ttold.ef him, and 8 hfiog hiitfa hott, handed him 

no thm next man, who tofs'd him to a thud ; and fo 

nhe whole <arew of flara, keguuiiag on. the iUrhoascU. 

$de, N made .him fly fo fcft f ran benck to bench, that; 

poor abncho loft the very fight of W cyce 3 .and vexily 

believed all the devik in hell warn carsymg him a-' 

way .to rights* Nor did the (laves jive over bandying 

feint about* till they had handed him. in the fame man~, 

act overall the Urboetd*fide. j and theory Jet hinv 

down where they had taken him up, but ftrangely di£» 

ordered* oat of breath, in a. cold (wear, and not triply 

feasible what it wee that happened to-hiai. 

- Don Quixote feeing his fauire fly at this rate without. 

ntittas, ftuvdj the general if that were a ceteroony iu*4. 

tsnall ftraajers -aboard the tallies $ ibr, if it were, he 

rnuft fo.htafanowj. that at he did not. deftgn /to take. 

op kit ntldanee these* he did not hko-ioch, entertain*! 

•ant; sndfaw'd.feo Jbrtven, ihatif/any.of ^em cam* 

ts>, lay hold on kim to tofs him at that rate, he would 

fparn their fouls out of their bodies ; and with this, 

JVewa^njaanar ^"J*t^ laaa^nanynr* , ananv r anaaBaBa*'anaa^ 4anBPMn^apaBaann^w»M^»^w »■» *■* ^^ 

At the (ame time they lower'd their fails, and with 
a' dreadful noife let' down the majn-yasd j wfitth J f" 
f ffghced oanche^ who Mwpght the ikj ^wa»> flying 

244 *** fifl MJmidkwmmri 

I* a hiageft) end ntftjng Mot' Mat} thao ■erdtfeaTol 

ail c — a - -*■ ^ 

uiiuu ma new Defwcen eus Kg? jor nil amm 

was a little cut of forts too, he heap to- aYba*» and 
a%ntg op M« ftoohkrt, aad clang** coWv The Ones 
pouted nic m»jm et^Mi- why ibb w nmc nv 
aoifc that th^ r^ lowers k wtthet Bit til this w*b 
Jbchfiie!Kce« the* parts, as if they lad further voice 
nor breath* TteitstfwtinttaftWthftWotvfewcfeh 
anchor j am leapifefcj a top or the fac^ojothJ anaoapj the 
crew, wfc* Mb whip or balTo pkato, he toga* to do* 
and fly-ieto Adr iooldera, ant fty hub ojoi fink to 

wnea Sencho'iaw jo naay conOr o ntet aavenng of 
date, frr he took Ae earn «o ho ftcft>| hdknm wf 
hearty moth he,- hero i§ iojchamaieao hi ' mmmf eanaeaY a 
an oof aofe aeoteMM^-wiociiaioiii nsfo oeeav swanflng w 
this. ^Vhot 1^ dojfepoorwi««het^ooo, Aot their 
Wdetti^berarT^aat this rate? Am* how darot thto 
f/hrgoy fellow go 1 whatling about herd fry hbatift% an* 
maul thos fo maAfpeopkr ? %*$ I &£, thhwit heaV 
or purgatory at leak* • ' 

Don^ufarotetAferOhtghow eai w aftly Sbtadho took'* 
«a thefe paSages 5 Ah! dearSafiehoj Oidho, what aar 
oer> matter now wertflt for ye* to ftripte like watt, aat> 
olao ymxrWr among thefe gami om ta y ant fo cu a w i kte 
BoJeiaeaYdiflnehantfcent j ittMg fo-attny nw i |ao iaa p 
iaaifliaien, you wo**d not he & fenftk) of the test} 
and fecfides, the'tege Merlin perhaps might tak* eoow 
one of theft laiftea, being fo well laid oft, *hr «e*W there 
which yon nwft' certoirJy one day tafia* on ycnefidfc 
The genera! of- trie gallaei waa going *o*iB»wha*h» 
sntant by theft fcAes, en* PofcjacaV ftiaahiaiairfti/ 
wten a mariner <ry* oat, they«aho^i1taa>w> m feat 
« Jferik*, that fheroTr* w»l rending onto the ihtre 


4*^fimdi.* tn&pL *>b»bJilnt g*i* a*** oahaf 
t Af di/ctvtrs *tfi** . 

of the ftwwiM D$h Qu i xoite . i+fr 

m tfea «oJrwareV With that the- geaarafc leaping upon 
die oawarfey^cry'd, pel] - aw ; any hearts? let her ant 
eicape **;-tiii*ta(igudiw it an AJgesine, i warrant 
be*. Pwfcndjjrtke three other gaUincSunb Of with the 
admiral to feceiweortew, and ho ceesmaadod twoof 'em 
to ibaadjbur to ieay wJniethe with the -other- Would • 
keep along ihe mote, that w they might briurc of 
their prize* 

The j o w on. tegf/d fe »«• that tat gaUles- feud* - 
de4 cway-likeli^Wuvfi and thole thatitood to leap 
difcDTei'd- ahetavtwo -naUei off, a wjtfel wkh fourteen 
or fifteen oart, which, upoaJight of the gattiet; made ^ 
the heft«f her, way ueT> hoping by. -fear hfhiavfr to tf- 
cape $ hot all in rain, for the admiraTt gaifey ^beiag • 
one oftheiwifteA voJUsmthofa feat, aaaVd .16 much 
way emtei her, that Ae matter of the hagentine fee* 
iag hie danger) wet- willing the can* Jheuld quit 
their oare; and yiefct,: for fear of eaafpemtiag their ge-< 
neaai. ItammtonJerM itotfeerwife $ for apec* the. ad- 
lavaTa caanne;. up. with the brigaatine fe ©car . at 
to hale her, and hid them ftrike, two Toranuh* that an 
twe dranken Turkey' among twelve others that were on . 
board the wflcl, dtfcharg'd a couple of mufceta, and 
haU'd two iohhae that were upon the wait of the gaW 
ley. The general iceing the, vow'd he would not leave 
a men of then alituc^ and coming up with tjrett fury t* 
grapple with he*, (he Hipp'd away under die oart of the 
enafcy* The gate na a-head a good way, and the 
lkdevettane^herfelf clear ibr the pretest, though 
without hoper to get aff, crooded all the &U the count* 
and with ean and (ails began to make the be* of their 
way, while the galley tack'd about. But aU their dUi- 
laiKedideotdo t f emibinuchgoedu their prefumptieA 
did. 'em harm $ for the admiral coating up with he* 
after a atotehace, clapp'd hboan in the veflel, and fa 
took her and entry man an her alive. 

By thietiaae the other galnei went tome up, and ail 
lour letnrm'd with their prize into the harbour, where 
greet number* of people flood waiting, to know wb'~ 
they had takes* .The general came to an tar' 

1*6 &i lift and AtdHaommh 

ncarthcJanaV imkf m v &b* the* va^ioy t^aj»oft 
t> he laaae/d hi* linaiai a» fcath him 

and gam e?4e«t: to. lower the anavyard* tahana; «P 
tlw miter ^tlwbriiMitiBc^^tk lira* rtiheerew, 
<»ti&ooafiMef aaaatfissaatha^ perfraa, all pro* 
am lofty fiHaii i> aiAmofroi' 'omTudBflV 

?fe eaanal tflTiL ha 1 »■ iamai il tin iaaVs r 

upon one of the prttbneis, whs wm aftenrasan 
ce/ba a Sjuajasa? aa* * tia4&>£^mCmm>+ him m 
Spaatfb, thir wa»*©u* t maftet* aay. Jm4« iaaV .fce> aW- 
tag- him-a young- ana w^tawaayeyeaawnl age* ma) 
eaoef tbehaadibmefc amfans that coaht her maagisM* 
Yaa imwama rafr "dogr Jam. tat feeneaav t athat mad* 
y#f killafcy meaa^* ^wna ..aor. aoffihia 
far you to -deaoe,* Sk this the fonja&idae* torn aaV 
aiM ^ Doafc '(Wknow* that* rateaftfis.aat trnimge-? 
While thaav ij-aay boat, we aretsdfotfaVtmta boJaV 
hut na? to fee federate. The mttyu>vnaro9um% aa 
renty, butitJ* general could aat fttgr tr licar hii aa* 
Jtoajr> being obtig'd to go and entertain* the Ttce-foy*, 
vthoNea** jafr come aboard with all setinue, and other* 
of tha tawav Yo* have had a mcky chaccvany loai, 
ttol the *S«a»roy : What hare you got ^ Yoaa 
leney aWlloeptefentiy* anfwer'd the geaeml, 1*11 

them aoa hamaiiately hanging at *the naw-yatd-tfau 
Mewu^^wajy** the viceroy? Becaaa% arid Jagy-they 
haW fcilttd -sae> contrary ta all law. of ara% laaJoo* 
asM-cufteaaof the fee, two of theheft^ehheaK I had oa 
heard $ far which I have fwom to- hang them catty 
another'*- ibay efWeially this- young regae* the maftftr 
Saying thus, hamew'd aim a peraoa with- Jus heads al» 
ready bound, and the hake£ ahont his amfe, expeding 
nathing bat death* At yonth, beau ty ^ an d ,i a % n a riaa 
Began' to- plead . coach is hit behalf with tha vke-roy, 
;art«iadt haaindimolrt&tatthiin ; toll* ma, captain, 
faid he, art thou born a TuaftV or a Mom,- or ait than 
aVnegada * None ofaM thefe* anfoeaas tha youth in 
food Spa win, What then, &kt the albt^oy > Achri- 
Aian woman, reply 1 d the youth j a momaa, and a chri- 
M&, thongh in thei* dotbet, »nd mfftfihr a pair j ear 


*f the rt*9um*d Don Quixote, aq,^ 

tmm tfemf father tobe wonder'* at, than JnJicYd..' i 
humbly adeem, yey my losesj c entaau^d too yoath* te< 
defer my execution till 1 jive y<w the Jiiftorypf. my life, 
amd I .out aUkfte ye the delay of your fewge will »* 
tut inott. This reqatft was urg'd fo aiteoujry*. that 
no body couW dc»y it j -wheitupois the) general -bad 
him proceed, afiuring bin, neverthelefi, tjbat ahere wa# 
no hope* of faidoftfer aAeffcaos f) gre** as waft that of 
which he «u gnilty, (Then gh* youth began* . 

I an oae of that gnkapay and imprudent nation, 
whole mifenta an frdh is your asemoriet*. , My pa- 
rent* being *>f *■* Moristo mil the cmVentof tack 
laii ao t t uaO) with the. obmoacy. of two uacka, hurried 
soe one at* Spain inta Barbery, , to. vain A preJtft'd my 
felf a chriftian, beifu>reaUy>ooe> and got AiCh a . fecaet 
Mahometan at log maajhofue were-} tatt coaM, neither 
prevail with my -untlesto leave me m my native country, 
»o» vtithAcfeVerit^ofthoftofl&entlwfraadoraefi to 
make mvo vacaa t e iSpain, to bclitl it waaaoft a pretence^ 
My mother was a chtHtiaa, myfathety a. ma* of d>£»' 
cretion, prefaced die fate belief, and Jfrck/d the Ca- 
tholick faith wkh my milk. I was haejaJbmly eduaated, 
and sever betray 'd the leaJt mark «f the Morifco breed* 
either in language or behaviour. Whk.thafir endow- 
meats, as I grew up, that Jfetk beauty I had, if ever f- 
had any, begSnt tomcreafe r and for ail my fleffcrM. life, 
and the reftraiot upon my appearing abroad, a young 
gentleman, ealTd Den Gaipar Grogorio, got a fight of 
met he was foil and heir to. a kmajbt that ftv'd in 
the JKxt town r 'twere tenons to relafe, how he got- 
an opportufiky ta ceaverfe with me, *foll deTperately in 
love, and aflfecmd mr with/* fenft of his pa0k>o^ I muft* 
be fliort, left thk heiter oat me off in the middle of my 
fiery. I Ihallonly tell you, that ho would .needs bear 
mrcompany in my bamlhment, and accordingly, by the? 
help of the Moriato language, of which he was a per- 
fe£r. maAer, he mingi'd with the exiles, and getting. 
acquainted wkh my two uncles that conducted me, we 
all west together to Batbary, and took up our refidenc 
at Algiers/ oa father fatUilfelf* : f 


24$ 77* '#* *** atchliMMia? 

My' fataoi , m the mean time, fad- very p i uJ t anlyv 
wpon the' irft news of the prodanMtion to buitth m, 
withdrawn* to ftek a place of refuge for <rt in form* fo- 
reign country, leaving : a confiderable *ock of money 
and jewels bidden m a pirate place, which be -disco- 
vered to no body but me, with orders not to -move 

The king of Algiers, tmdetxtanding I had fome 
beauty, and alfo that I 'was rich, which- afte r war d* 
tomM to my ad* antage, font for me, and wit very in- 
qurfitire abott my country, tod what jewels and gold 
I* had got, I Satisfied him as to the place of sny na- 
tivity, and f ave him to underftand, that any riches woo 
boned in a certain place where I Might epfily Mover 
*tm, were 1 permitted to return where they lay. 

This I told Mm, that in hope* of oWrng in my for- 
tune, hit covetonuWs {fcould divert him from injuring 
my perfon. In" the midJrof tbefe oncftions, the kisg 
was inform* d, ttow * owtain youth, the*hsmdfoaseft and 
levelieft in the world, had come over m company with 
ue. I was prefently confcious that Bbn Gregorio was 
the perfon, nit- beauty anfwcrlng fo teanfiHy their de- 
fcription. The fenfe of- the young gentleman's danger 
was now more grievous to me than my own niit/oftnnes, 
having been told that thefe barbarous Turks are snath 
fonder of a handforne youth, than the moft beaotJrol 
woman.; The- king gave immediate orders he *°°J» 
be brought irto his prefence, eflkintj me whether tne 
youth deferv'd the commendations they gave htm ? I 
told him, infpir'd by fome good angel, that the pens* 
they fo much commended was no man, but of sny own 
fex, and withal begged his permifilon to have her dreaVd 
in a female habit, that her beauty might mine m it's 
natural luftre, and fo prevent her blumes, if me atonal 
appear before his majefty in that uabecomtne; habit. He 
contented, promirtng withal, to give order next ■tam- 
ing for my return to Spain, to recover my treafoo. I 
fpoke with Don Cafper, represented to him the danger of 
appearing «. man^ and prevailed with him to wait on the 
k, '"«: tha| evening- in th* habit of a napefA womua. 

rfce Icing wes fo-pleasM with her beauty, that he re- 
nlVcl to referee; her m» ppefeat for the Grand Sig' 
iior $ and rearing the jnah^ of his wives in the Seraglio, 
tiui the solicitations of hit own o>6rct, he gave her iio> 
thmvgp to Jbme of the p r incipal ladies of the city, (9 
wheafrr hosife ike .wee immediately conducted. 

Thie fepetation was grievous to us both, for I cannot 

deny that l tare him, Thole who have ever felt the 

pang* of a fatting lore can beft irwt^iie the affliction of 

our fcmi«. Next morning, by the king's order, I em- 

baric* d for Spain. m thy veflel, a^company'd by theie 

two Turk* that killed your men, and this SpanUh rene- 

iKggaelo that firft (poke to you, who is a chriftian in hi* 

hie heart, and came along with me with a- greater de* 

fire to return to Spain than to go hack to Berhary. This 

rcA are ail .Moors and Turk!,, who fcnre for rowers. 

Their orders were to Jet, me on fhore with this renegado, 

in the habit* of chrUtians, on the firft Spanifh ground 

they should dtfco*?* jtwfctheietwo covetous and info* 

lent TerJotrWonld .needs, contrary to their order, tirft 

cruise ^ipen the ceaft, m hopej of taking foroe prise } 

hciee; afraid^ that if thgy would fiift f«t us aJboic,. fome 

accident sn^hthanpefi to us, and ntajtftut difcover that 

the mrigantinewas not fa<ofTat iea, eMfoatpofe 'era to 

the danger of beinj taken* if there were gaUies epon the 

eoaft* In thef night we snadf this land* not m&rufting} 

any geihet lyieg ie> near, an*} fo. we fell into; your 

■> « * 

To oo a t hjde, > Don. Gregorio remaina «• lit women* 
habit aneoagthe Moors, nor can the deceit, long pro-* 
toft him-rVoHi deftni&ion $ and here. I 'food expecting, 
or father {earing my fate, which yet cannot grove un- 
welcome* X being . now weary of living* Thus, gentle* 
men, yon, heye heard the-unhaopy paOags* of my life j 
1 have tokkyowawthiag^bet whit is true, and all! hajre 
tefcegis* ^Cl may die as a cbri£ia% fine* I am in- 
npcentiof. tne.ojines.of whiohi nay unhappy, natjon ia 
accused. Here ihe ftopp*d, amV with -her story and 
km? teen molted, the hearts of many, of the com* 
pany* .• . m.u: * 

*5<* *Fbe life and atcbitvttrmt: 

The viceroy, feeing' mov'd with * tender com- 
paflion, was the firft to unbind «the cords that 
manacIM her lair hands, when an ancient pilgrim, 
v who came on board with the vice-roy'a attendants 
haying with a nVd attention minded the damfel 
during her relation, came suddenly, and throwing 
himfelf at her feet, Oh ! Anna Felix, erVd he, my 
dear unfortunate daughter! Behold thy father Ricote, 
that return'd to feek thee, being unable to Ihfj without 
thee, who art the joy and fupport of my age. Upon 
this, Sancho, who had all this while been foUenly mu- 
ting, vex'd at the ufage hehad met with fo lately, lift- 
ing up his head, and faring the pilgrim in the fact, 
knew him to be the fame Ricote he had anet on the 
road the day he left his government, and was lifcewifc 
fully perfuaded, that this was his daoghter, who being 
stow unbound, embraVd her father, and joined with 
him in his joy and grief. My lords, faid the old pil- 
grim, this k my daughter, Aim*'Feltc> more unhappy 
in fortune than in name; and <ram*d W much ror her 
beauty as for her father's riches; I -left my country ta 
foe^t. a fan&uary for my age, and hiving mtM upon a 
refidence in Germany, return' d Hi this habit wkh other 
. pilgrims to dig *p and regain 'my : wetJth» which I haw. 
effccmaHy done 5 but I little thought that unexpectedly 
to have round my greateft trealure; my deareft daogh- 
ter. . My lords, If it can cenfirV with the integrity of 
your juftice, to, pardon pur fmalVofTence, I join my 
prayers -and tears with her**, to implore your mercy oa 
our behalf; flnce we never defigriM you any injury, and 
ase innocent of thofe crimes for which our satin has 
juflly bees baniuYd. Ay, ay, <ry*d Sambo, (patting 
in) I know Ricote as well as the beggat knows hfe dab; 
and fo fat as concerns Anna Fetitfs being bSs daughter, 
f know that's «ttue too; but for all the ftary of his 
goingt-out and' coming* in, and his intentions, whether 
they were good, or whether they were bad, 1*11 neither 
meddle nor Make, not K 

So- uncommon an- accident Ml* A all the company with 
-Miration j fo that the general turning to the lair ojnw. 


•f the rimwn'd DmQyiXQTZ. %%\ 

\, your tears, faid he, are To prevailing, Madam, that 
\Hey compel me now to be forfworn. Live, lovely 
Alcana Felix, live as many years as heaven has decreed 
yo« i and letthofc rafh and inJblent Haves, who alone 
coapmkted the crimes, . bear the puniflunent of it. 
^■/ith that he gave order to have the two delinquent 
Tories hang'd up at the yard-arm : but at the interceflU 
on of the vice-roy, their fault fhewing rather madnefs 
than defign, the fatal fentence was revoked ; the gene- 
ral considering at the lame time, that their punifhment 
an cold blood would look more like cruelty than juftice. 

Then they began to confidcr how they might retrieve 
Don Gafoer Gregorio from the danger he was in j to which 
ptarpofc kicote offer'd to the value of above a tftoufand 
ducats, which he 1 had about him in jewels, to purchafe 
his ranfom. But the readied expedient was thought to 
b« the propofal of the Spanifh renegado, who offer*d, 
with a* Anall bark and - half at dozen oars maan'd by 
christians* to return to Algiers, and fet him at liberty, sjs 
heft knowing when and where to land, and being ac» 
^uainted with the place of his confinement. The gene- 
aeral and the -vice- roy demurred to this motion, thro* s 
diftruft of the renegado' s fidelity, fines he mi^ht per- 
haps betray the christians that were to go along with 
him* i Put Anna Felix engaging for his truth, and Ricote 
obliging himlelf to ranfom the christians if they were 
taken, the defign was.rcfdv'd upon. 

The vice-roy went afhore, committing the Morifca 
and her father to Don Antonio Moreno's cats, defiring 
him at the fame time to command his houfc for any 
thisig that might conduce to their entertainment j fuch 
Sentiments of kindnefs and good nature bad the Uauty of 
<Aj»s* Felix infused into his brcaft. 

t . 

. s 


ft- .j»s.-i .-1 »*. I ,; -j •' ; i. ? "*. 


15 a tbeli/s and atibkpmtnu 



Itf nit wtfaky adventure, wbt'd Vfin (kuxpt* laid mf 

t$ heart $f any fbat tyjf tyftf** &*. 


DON Ar^omo^ lady was eiUc rr rt l y -pleas'* vttl 
the'ecrmfpfiy ofthc fair Moriica, whofe&oit be- 
fag as exqurfite fi her beauty, dr*w all thd rnofr tonfi* 
dcrable perfons in' the city to vHkfcer. Don Qui** 
told Bon Antonio tjiat he covM fcy ne> nfcean* appro* 
the method tHey^had taken to relftile' Do* Gregorio, k 
fceing (Ml of danger, with little or no probability of fue r 
cefs ; • hut that their fufeft way wooiatave bee* to fc 
him affwpe-inBarbary, with fot hotfe* and artos, mi 
ieavc . ft to. him .to deliver the genrfemafi in fpite of al 
the Moo?ifli power/as Don G*yfer<tfhad formerly ref- 
fcu*d fcjs ^rtfeJMelhTandra. <Jood your worfhip, qtaotk 
Sancho, bearing' this, look Jberore-you leap. Don Gay- 
feroi i had ndthtofc' but a fiiir race for'* on dry land, woes 
Jtte carried her to France. But here, atft pleafe you, 
though we mould dejtTerDonOreforio, how the devil 
mall we bring him over to Spain croft the broad fca ? 
There's a remedy for all things but death, anfwer'd Don 
Quixote, 'tis but having a bark ready by the fea-nde, 
and then let me fee what can hinder our getting into it. 
Ah mafter, mafter, quoth Sancho, thereof more to be 
done than a difh to wain : faying is one thing, and do* 
4ng^9>%ne\h€r, and for my pa/t, | ii|» tip itttpdo. 

of the renown' d t)on QtiixotE. 253 

well, hefeems to me a good honeft fellow, and 
t" oat for the bufinefs. Well, faid Don Antonio, if 
t>xe renegado fails, then the great Don Quixote wall em- 
bark for Barbary. 

In two days the renegado was difpatch'd away in a 
flete cruifer of fix oars b'fide, mann'd with briflc lufty 
fellows, and two days after that, the gallies with the 
general left the port, and fleer' d their courfe eastwards. 
The general haying firft engag'd the vice-roy to give 
him an account of Don Grcgorio's and Anna Felix's 

Now it happen' d one morning that Don Quixote go- 
ing abroad to take the air upon the fea-wore, arm'd at 
all points, according to his cuftom (his arms, as he faid, 
being his beft attire, as combat was his refremment) he*- 
fpy'd a knight riding towards him, arm'd like himfelf 
from head to foot, with a bright moon blaion'd on hit 
fhield,* who coming withyi hearing, call'd out to him, 
Illuftrious, and never-fufficiently-extoird Don Quixote 
de la Maacha, I am the knight of the White Moon, 
whofe incredible achievements, perhaps, have reach' d 
thy ears. Lo, I am come to enter into combat with 
thee, and to compel thee by dint of fword, to own and 
acknowledge my miftrefs, by whatever name and digni- 
ty fhe be diftingutfh'd, to be without any degree of 
companion, more beautiful than thy Dulcinea del Tobofo*. 
Now if thou wilt fairly confefs this truth, thou freeft 
thyfelf from certain death, and me from the trouble of 
taking or giving thee thy life. If not, the conditions 
of our combat are thefe : If victory be on my fide, thou 
malt be oblig'd immediately to forfake thy arms, and 
the queft of adventures, and to return to thy own home, 
where thou fhalt engage to live quietly and peaceably for 
the fpace of one whole year, without laying hand on 
thy fword, to the improvement of thy efrate, and the 
falvation of thy foul* But if thou com' ft off conqueror, 
my life is at thy mercy, my horfe and arms mall be thy 
trophy, and the fame of all my former exploits, by the 
lineal defcent of conqueft, be vefted in thee as victor. 
Confider what thou haft to do, and Jet thy anfwe 
Vol. IV, Z 1 

254 %%* '%fe an d achievements 

be quick, for my difpatch is limited to this very 

Don Quixote was amaz'd and furpriz'd as much at the 
arrogance of the knight of the White Moon's challenge, 
as at the fubje& of it 5 fo with a folemn and auftre ad. 
drefc, Knight of the White Moon, laid he, whofe at- 
chievements have as yet been kept from my knowledge, 
'tis mone than probable, that you have never feen the il- 
luftrious Dulcinea j for had you ever view'd her per- 
fections, you had there found arguments enough to con- 
vince you, that no beauty paft, prefent, or to come, 
can parallel her's ; and therefore without giving you di- 
rectly the lye, I only tell thee, knight, thou art mifta- 
ken, and this pofition I will maintain by accepting your 
challenge on your conditions, except that article of your 
exploits descending to me ; for, not knowing what cha- 
racter your actions bear, 1 ftall reft fatisned with the 
fame of my own, by which, fuch as they are, I am 
willing to abide. And fince your time is fo limited, 
chufe your ground, and begin your career as foon as you 
will, and expect to be met with : A fair field, and no 
favour : To ivbom Gtd Jball give her # , St Peter give 
ins bhjpng. 

While the two knights were thus adjufting the preli- 
minaries of combat, the vice-roy, who had been inform'd 
of the knight of the White Moon's appearance near the 
city walls, and his pariying with Don Quixote, haftenM 
to the fcene of battle, not fufpe&ng it to be any thing 
hut fome new device of Don Antonio Moreno, or fome- 
bodyelfe. Several gentlemen, and Don Antonio among 
the reft, accompany^ him thither. They arrWd juft as 
Don Quixote was wheeling R6finante to fetch his career ; 
and feeing 'cm both ready for the oniet, he interpos'd, 
defiring to know the caufe of the fudden combat. The 
Jcnjght of the White Moon told him there was a lady in 
the cafe, and briefly repeated to his excellency what 

■ pafs'd 

Meaning TiBoiy. Tbefi are vwdt vfed at the 
I e ceremony* 

of the renown' d Don Quixote. 255 

-pals'* d between him and Don Quixote. The vice-roy 
whifper'd Don Antonio, arid alk'd him whether he knew 
that knight of the White Moon, and whether their com- 
bat was not fome jocular device to impofe upon Don 
Quixote ? Don Antonio anfwer'd positively, that he 
neither knew the knight, nor whether the combat were 
in jeft or earneft. This put the vice-toy to fome doubt 
whether he mould not prevent their engagement ; but 
being at laft perfuaded that it muft be a jeft at the bot- 
tom, he withdrew. Valorous knights, faid he, if there 
be no fflrdhim between confeffion and death, but Don 
Quixote be frill refoiv*d to deny, and you, the knight of 
the White Moon, as obftinately to urge, I have no more 
to fay ; the field is free, and the Lord have mercy on 

The knights made their compliments to the vice-roy 
for his gracious confent ; and Don Quixote making fome 
ihort ejaculations to heaven and his miftrefs, as he al- 
ways us*d upon thefe oocafions, began his career, with- 
out either (bund of trumpet or any other fignal. Hit 
adverfory was no lefs forward 5 for letting fpurs tp hit 
horse, which was much the fwifter, he met Don Quix- 
ote before he had ran half his career, fo forcibly, that 
without making ufe of his lance, which 'tis thought he 
lifted up on purpofe, he overthrew the knight of la 
Mancha and Rofiaante, both coming to the ground with 
a terrible fall. 

The knight of the White Moon got immediately up- 
on him, and clapping the point of hi» lance to his face, 
knight, cryM he, you are vanquiih'd, and a dead man, 
unlets you immediately fullfil the conditions of your com- 
bat. Don Quixote, bruis'd and ftunn'd with his fill, 
without lifting up bis beaver, anfwer'd in a faint hollow 
voice, as if he had fpoke out of a tomb, Dulcinea del 
Tobofo is the moft beautiful woman in the world, and I 
the moft unfortunate knight upon the earth. *Twere 
unjuft that fuch perfection ihould fufFer through my 
weaknefs. No, pierce my body with thy lance, knight, 
and let my life expire with my honour. Not fo rigo 
rous neither, reply'd the conqueror, let the fame of < 

Z a 1 

95 6 The life and achievements 

lady Dulcinea del Tobofo remain entire and unblemifii'd' 
provided the great Don Quixote return home for a vear, 
as we agreed before the combat, I am fatisfled. Ths 
vice-roy and Don Antonio with many other gentkroe 
were witnefies to all thefe paflages, and particularly a 
this propofal, to which Don Quixote anfwer'd, that up 
en condition he mould be enjoined nothing to the pre- 
judice of Dulcinea, he would, upon the faith of a tn« 
knight, be punctual in the performance of every thing 
fclfe. This acknowledgment being made, the knight oi 
the White Moon turn'd about his horfe, and fainting ths 
vice-roy, rode at a hand-gallop into the city, whithrr 
Don Antonio follow* d him, at the vice-roy* s rcqueft, to 
• fifid who he was, if poflible. 

Don Quixote was lifted up, and upon taking off hi; 
helmet, tney found him pale, and in a cold fweat. As 
for Rofinantc, he was in fo fid a plight, that he couJJ 
not ftir for the prefent. Then as for Sancho, he was in 
fo heavy a taking, that he knew not what to do, nor 
what to fay $ he was fometimes perfttaded he was in ' 
dream, fometimes he fancy' d this rueful adventure was 
all witchcraft and inchantment. In fhort, he found his 
mailer difcomfited in the face of the world, and bound to 
good behaviour, and to lay afide his arms for a whole 
year. Now he thought his glory eclips'd, his hopes of 
greatnefs vaniftYd into fmoke, and his matter's promifci 
like his bones, put out of joint by that curfed fall, which 
he was afraid had at once cripplM Rofinantc and his 
matter. <^t lad the vanquiih'd knight was put into a 
chair, which the vice-roy had fent for, for that purpofe, 
and they carry'd him into town, accompany' d likewile 
by the vice-roy, who had a great curioiity to know who 
this knight of the White Moon was, that had left Don 
ftji&ofe in fo fad a condition. 


of the renown* d Dm Quixote. 257 


u4r* account of the knight if the White Mow, Don Gre> 
gorio'x enlargement, and other paffaget. 

DO N Antonio Moreno followed the knight of the 
White Moon to his inn, whither he was attended 
by a troublefome rabble of boys. The knight being got 
to his chamber, where his {quire waited to take off his 
armour, Don Antonio came in, declaring he would not 
be ihook off, till he had difcover*d-who he was. The 
knight rinding that the gentleman would not leave him 5 
Sir, laid he, fince I lie under no obligation of conceal- 
ing myiejf, if you pleafe, while my man duarms me f 
you fhail hear the whole truth of the ftory. 

You muft know, Sir, I am call'd the bachelor Car* 
rafco ; I live in the fame town with this Don Quixote, 
whofe unaccountable phrenzy has mov'd all his neigh* 
hours, and me among the reft, to endeavour by fom* 
means to cure his madnefs 5 in order to which, believing 
that, reft and eafc would prove the fureft remedy, I be- 
thought myfelf of this prefent ftratagem 5 and about 
three months ago, in all the equipage of a knight-errant, 
under the title of the knight or the Mirrours, I met him 
on the road, mt'd a quarrel upon him, and the conditi- 
ons of our combat were as you have heard already. But 
fortune then declar'd for him, for he unhorsM and van* 
quiuYd me, and fo I was difappointed : he profecuted 
his adventures, and I returned home fhamefuHy, very 
much hurt with my fall. But willing to retrieve my 
credit, I made this fecond attempt, and now have fuc- 
cecded. For I know* him to be fo nicely punctual s 
whatever his word and honour is engag'd for, that 

3*5 8 ftheJxfe and atchlevements 

will undoubtedly perform his promife. This, Sir, is tht 
fum of the whole ftory, and I beg the favour of you to 
conceal me from Don Quixote, that my project may net 
be ruin'd the fecond time, and that the honeft gentleman, 
who is naturally a man of good parte, may recover his 
under/landing, Qh 1 Sir,' reply 'd Don Antonio, what 
hate you to anfwer for, in robbing the world of the moft 
diverting folly, that ever was expos'd among mankind ? 
connder, Sir, that his cure can never ixmefit the public 
half Co much as his diftemper. But I am apt to believe, 
Sir Bachelor, that his madnefs is too firmly fix'd for 
your art* to remove, and (heaven forgive me) I can't for- 
hear wiping it may be fo ; for by Don Quixote's core 
we not only lofc his good company, but the drolleries 
and comical humours of Sancho Panca too, which are 
enough to cure melancholy itfejf of the fpleen. How- 
ever, I promife to fay nothing of the matter, though 1 
confidently believe, Sir, your pains will be to no purpofe. 
Carrafco told him, that having fucceeded fo far, he was 
obliged to cherim better hopes ; and aflung Don Antonio 
if he had any farther fervice to command him, he took 
his leave, and packing up his armour on a carriage-mule, 
presently mounted his charging-horie, and leaving the 
city that yery day, polled homewards, meeting no ad- 
venture pn the road worth a place in this faithful hiftory. 

Don Antonio gave .an account of the difcourfe he bad 
had with Carrafco to the vice-roy, who was vex'd to 
think that fo much pleafant diverfion was like to be loft 
to all thole that were acquainted with the Don's follies. 

Six days did Don Quixote keep his bed, very dejected, 
fullen, and out of humour, and full of fevere and black 
reflections on his fatal overthrow. Sancho was his com- 
forter, and among other his crumbs of comfort, my dear 
mailer, quoth he, chear up, come pluck up a good 
heart, and be thankful for coming oft" no worfc. Why, 
a man has broke his neck with a lei's fall, and you han't 
So much ag a broken rib. Ccnfider, Sir, that they that 
jpme, fometimes muft lofe j wc muft not always look 
for bacon where we fee die hooks. Come, Sir, cry a 
fie for the doctor, fiiice ypu won't jieed hijnthis bout ; 


of the renvwtfd Don Quixot e. 259 

-t: us jogg home fair and foftly, without thinking any 
\oic of fauntring up and down no body knows whither 
a queft of adventures and bloody nofes. Why, Sir, I 
im the greateft lofer, an you go to that, though 'tis you 
;bat are in the worft pickle. 'Tis true, I was weary of 
being a governor, and gave over all thought* that way j 
but yet I never parted with my inclination of being an 
earl ; and now if you mifs being a king, by cafting off 
your knight-errantry, poor I may go whittle for my 
earldom. No more of that, Sancho, faid Don Quixote ; 
I /hall only retire for a year, and then re-afiume my 
honourable profeifion, which will undoubtedly fecure me 
a kingdom, and thee an earldom. Heav'n grant it may, 
quoth Sancho, and no mifchief betide us : hope well, 
and have well, fays the proverb. 

Don Antonio coming in, broke off the difcourfe, and 
with great figns of joy calling to Don Quixote, reward 
me, Sir, cry'd he, for my good news $ Don Gregorio 
and the renegado are fafe arriv'd, they are now at the 
vice-roy's palace; and will be here this moment. The 
knight was a little reviv'd at this news ; truly, Sir, faid 
he to Don Antonio, I could alrnoft be lorry for his good 
fortune, rlnce he has foreftall'd the glory I mould have 
acquired, in releafing, by the ftrength of my arm, not 
only him, but -all the chriftian flaves in Barbary. Bnt 
whither, am I tranfported, wretch that I am ! Am I 
not miferably conquered, wamefully overthrown ! for- 
bidden the paths of glory for a whole long tedious year ? 
What, mould I boaft, who am fitter for a diftaffthan a 
fword ! No more of that, quoth Sancho : better my 
hog dirty at home, than no hog at all. Let the hen live, 
though me have the pip. To day for thee, and to-mor- 
row for me. Never lay this ill fortune to heart ; he 
that's down to day, may be up to-morrow, unlefs he 
has a mind to lie a bed. Hang bruifes ; fo roufe, Sir, 
and bid Don Gregorio welcome to Spain ; for by the 
hurry in the houfe, I believe he's come ; and fo it hap- 
pened, for Don Gregorio having paid his duty to the 
viceroy, and given him an account of his delivery, w 
juft arriv'd at Don AntomVs with the renegado,. r 


26p lie life and achievements 

impatient to fee Anna Felix. He bad changed the fo 
mite, habit he wore when he was freed, for one fiutatbie 
to his fex, .which he had from a captive who came along 
with him in the veifcl, and appear'd a very amiable and 
handJoroe gentleman, though not above eighteen years of 
age, Ricote and his daughter went out to meet him, 
the father with tears, and the daughter with a joyful mo- 
deity. Their Salutation was referv'd, without an em- 
brace, their love being too\sefin*d for any loofe behavi- 
our ; but their beauties furpriz'd every body : filence was 
tmphatical in their joys, and their eyes fpoke more love 
than their tongues could exprefs. The renegado gave 
a fliort account of the fuccefe of his voyage, and Don 
Gregorio briefly related the fhifts he was put to among 
the women in his confinement, which fhew'd his wit and 
discretion to be much above hia years. Ricote gratify *d 
the {hip's crew very nobly, and particularly the renegado, 
who was once more recav'd into the hofom of the church, 
having with due penance and fincere repentance purify d 
hirafelf from all his former uncleanneis. 

Some few days after, the viee-roy, in concert with 
Don Antonio,' took fuch, were expedient, to 
get the banjflvnent of Ricote and his daughter repealed, 
judging it no inconvenience to the nation, that fo juft and 
orthodox perfons fhould remain among 'em. Don Anto- 
nio being oblig'd to go to court about fome other matters, 
ofter'd to follkit in their behajf, hinting to him, that 
through the interceffion of friends, and more powerful 
bribes, many difficult matters were brought about there 
to the Satisfaction of the parties. There is no relying 
upon favour and bribes in our bufineis, laid Ricote, who 
was by, for the great Don Bernardo de Velafco, coantde 
Salazar, to whom the king gave the charge of our er- 
pul/ion, is a perfon of too ftri& and rigid juftice, to be 
mov'd either by money, favour, or afTedion ; and though 
I cannot deny him the character of a merciful judge in 
other matters, yet his piercing and diligent policy finds 
the body of our Morifcan race to be fo corrupted, that 
amputation is the only cure. He is an Argus in his mi- 
~ : %y, and by his watchful eyes has diicovexM the moil 


of the renown" d Don Quixote. 261 

ercret Springs of their machinations, and refolving t° 
prevent the danger which the whole kingdom was in, 
from fuch a powerful multitude of inbred foes, he took 
the mod cfFectual means ; for after all, lopping off the 
branches may only prune the tree, and make the poison- 
ous fruit fpring fafter ; but to overthrow it from the 
root, proves a fure deliverance ; nor can the great Philip 
the third be too much extoll'd ; firft, for his heroick ro- 
folution in fo nice and weighty an affair, and then for his 
wifdom in intrufting Don Bernardo de Vclafco with the 
the execution of this defign. Well, when J come to 
court, faid Don Antonio to Ricote, I will however ufe 
the moft advifable means, and leave the reft to prbvU 
dence. Don Gregorio mall go with me to comfort hit 
parents, that have long moiirn'd for his abfence. Anna 
Felix (hall ftay here with my wife, or in fome raonaftery j 
and as for honeftS Ricote, I dare engage the vice-roy will 
be (atjsfy'd to let him remain under his protection till he 
fees how I fucceed. The vice-roy confented to all this ; 
but Don Gregorio fearing the worft, was unwilling to 
leave his fair miftrefs ; however, connecting that he 
might return to her after he had feen his parents, he 
yielded to the propolal, and fo Anna Felhc remain' d with 
Don Antonio's lady, and Ricote with the vice-roy. 

Two days after, Don Quixote, being rbntewhat re- 
cover'd, took his leave of Don Antonio, and having 
caus'd his armour to be laid on Dapple, he fet forwards 
on hit journey home : Sancho thus being forcM to trudge 
after him oh foot. On the other fide, Don Gregorio 
bid adieu to Anna Felhc, and their Separation, though 
but for a while, was attended with floods of tears, and 
all the excefs of paflionate Sorrow. Ricote otferM him a 
thou&nd crowns, but he refused them, and only borrow'd 
five of Don Antonio, to repay him at court, 

C H A 

26 z Tie life and atchievements 



JVhUb treats of that <wbkbjball be Jem by him that read* 

it, and beard by him that lifiens tuben *tts read* 


£V O N Quixote, as he went out of Barcelona, cat? 
/ his eyes on the fpot of ground where he was over- 
vvn. Here once Troy flood, faid he $ here my un- 
happy fate, and not my cowardice, depriv'd me of all the 
glories I had purchased. Here fortune, by an unexpect- 
ed reverfe, made me feniible of her unconitancy and 
ficklenefs. Here my exploits fuffer'd a total eclipfc j and, 
in fliort, here fell my happinefs, never to rife again. 
§ancha hearing his matter thus dolefully paraphrafing on 
his misfortunes, good Sir, quoth he; 'tis as much the 
part of great fpirits to have patience when the world 
frowns upon 'em, as to be joyful when all goes well : 
and I judge of it by myfelf $ for if when I was a governor 
I was merry, now I am but a poor fquire afoot I am not 
fad. And indeed I have heard fay, that this feme toe 
thing they call Fortune, is a whirnfical freakim drunken 
quean, and blind into the bargain $ fo that Jhe neither 
fees what ihc does, nor know* whom fhe raifes, nor 
whom ihe calls down. Thou art very much a philofe- 
g>hcr, Saoc^o, faid Don Quixote, thou talk'fr. very fcn- 
fibly'. I wonder how thou. cam 1 ft by all this 5 but I 
muft tell thee there is no fuch thing as fortune in the 
world j nor does any thing that happens here below of 
good or ill come by chance, but by the particular provi- 
dence of heaven ; and this makes good the proverb, chat 
every man may thank himtelf for his own fortune. For 
my part, I have been the maker of mine, but for want 
of ufing the difcretion I ought to have us*d, all my pre- 
fumptuous edifice funk, and tumbl'd down at once. I 


of the renoum'd Don Quixote. 263 

night well have confider'd, that Rbfinante was too weak 
t md feeble to withftand the knight of the White Moon's 
luge and ftrong-built horfe. However, I would needs 
idventure ; I did the beft I could, and was overcome/ 
Vet though it has coft me my honour, I have not loft, 
nor can I lofe, my integrity to perform my promife. 
When I was a knight-errant, valiant and bold, the 
ftrength of my hands and my actions gave a reputation to 
my deeds ; and now I am no more than a difmounted 
fquire, the performance of my promife mail give a repu- 
tation to my words. Trudge on then, friend Sancho, 
and let us get home, to pafs the year of our probation. 
In that retirement we mail recover new vigour to return 
to that, which is never to be forgotten by me, I mean 
the profeflion of arms. Sir, quoth Sancho, 'tis no fuch 
pleafure to beat the hoof as I do, that I fliou'd be for 
large marches. Let us hangup this armour of your' s up- 
on fome tree, in the room of one of thofe highwaymen 
that hang hereabouts in clutters j and when I am got 
upoa Dapple' s back, we will ride as fail as you pleafe ; 
for to think I can mend my pace, and foot it all the Way, 
is what you muft excufe me in. Thou haft fpoken to 
purpofe, Sancho, faid Don Quixote j let my arms be 
hung for a trophy, and underneath, or about 'em, we 
will carve on the bark of the trees the fame infeription, 
which was written near the trophy of Orlando's arms ; 

Let none But be tbefe arms difplace, 
Who dares Orlando's fury face, 

Why, this is as I'd have it, quoth Sancho ; and were 
it not that we fhall want Roftnante upon the road, 'twere 
not amifs to leave him hanging too. Now I thmk bet- 
ter on*t, faid Don Quixote, neither the armour nor the 
horfe (hall be ferv'd fo. It mail never be faid of me, 
For good ferviee, had reward. Why that's well faid, 
quoth Sancho, for indeed 'tis a faying among wife men, 
that the fault of the afs muft not be laid on the packfad- 
die ; and therefore, iince in this laft jobb you yourfelf 
were in fault, even puniu yourfelf, and let not your fur 


264 7%e life' and atchievemenU 

wreak itfelf upon your poor armour, bruis'd and batterer 
with doing you fcrvice, nor upon the tamenefs of Rod. 
nante, that good-condition'd beaft, nor yet upon the 
tendernefs of my feet, requiring them to travel more 
than they ought. 

They pafs'd that day, and four more after that, in fuch 
kind of difcourfe, without meeting any thing that might 
interrupt their journey ; but on the fifth day, as they 
entered into a country town, they faw a great company 
of people at an inn-door, being got together for paftiine, 
as being a holiday. As foon as Don Quixote drew near, 
he heard one of die countrymen cry to the reft, look ye 
now, we'll leave it to one of thefe two gentlemen that 
are coming this way, they know neither of the parties : 
Let either of 'em decide tie matter. That I will with 
all my heart, faid Don Quixote, and with all the equity 
imaginable, if you'll but ftate the cafe right to me. 
Why, Sir, faid the countryman, the bufinefc is this; 
one of our neighbours here in this town, fo fat and {0 
heavy, that he weighs eleven * arrobas, or eleven quar- 
ters of a hundred, (for that's the fame thing) has chal- 
leng'd another man 0' this town, that weighs not half 10 
much, to run with him a hundred paces with equal 
weight. Now he that gave the challenge, being aflcM 
how they mould make equal weight, demands that the 
other who weighs but five quarters of a hundred, fhoold 
carry a hundred and an half of iron, and fo the weight, 
he fays, will be equal. Hold, Sir, cry'd Sancho before 
Don Quixote cou'd anfwer, this bufinefs belongs to me, 
that come (o lately from being a governor, and a judge, 
as all the world knows ; I ought to give judgment in tkos 
doubtful cafe. Do then, with all my heart, friend San- 
cho, faid Don Qmxote, for I am not fit to give crumbs to 
a cat f 4 my brain is fo difturb'd, and out of order. San* 


* An arroba is a quarter of an hundred weight. 

f Alluding to the cuftom in Spain, of an tld or ditabld 
foldier's carrying offah of tripe or liver about tbeftreett t* 
feed the cat*.— Poor SfoixotSs arrogance is mightily dated 
Hing vanfuifi*~a t 

rf the renown 9 d Don Quixote. 265 

ebo hairing thus got leave, and all the countrymen find- 
ing about him, gaping to- hear him give fentence, bro- 
thers, quoth he, I muft tell you, that the fat man is in 
die -wrong box, there's no manner of reafon in what he 
aiks ; for if, as I always heard fay, he that is challenged 
may chufe his weapons, there* s no reafon that he fhould 
rhufe Inch as may incumber him, and hinder him from 
getting the better of him that defy'd him. Therefore 
'tis my judgment, that he who gave the challenge, and 
is fo big and fo fat, mall cut, pare, (lice, or fliave off a 
hundred and fifty pounds of his fleft, here'and there, as 
he thinks fit ; and then being reduc'd to the weight of 
t r other; both parties may run their race upon equal terms. 
By fore George, quoth one of the country- people that 
had beard the fentence, this gentleman has fpoken like 
one of the faints in heaven 5 he has given judgment like 
a cafulft j but I warrant the fat fquab loves his flefh too 
well to fart with the leaft fliver of it, much lef3 will he 
part with a hundred and half. Why then, quoth another 
fellow, the beft way will be not to let *em run at all ; 
for then lean need not venture to fprain his back by run- 
ning with fuch a load ; and fat need not cut out his 
pamperM fides into collops : fo let half the wager be 
fpent in wine, and let's take thefe gentlemen to the ta- 
veren that has the beft, and lay the cloak upon me when it 
rains, 1 return ye thanks, gentlemen, faid Don Quixote, 
but I cannot ftay a moment, for difmal thoughts and 
difafters force me to appear unmannerly, and to travel at 
an uncommon rate ; and fo faying, he clappM fpurs to 
Rofinante, and mov'd forwards, leaving people to defcaat 
on his ftrange figure, and the rare parts of his groom, for 
fuch they took Sancho to be. If the man be fo wjfe, 
quoth another of the country -fellows to the reft,' biennis * 
what mall we think of the matter ! I'll hold a*wager, if 
they be going to ftudy at Salamanca, they will come to 
be lord chief-juftices in a trice ; for .there s nothing more 
eafy, 'tis but ftudying and ftudyiag again, and having 
a little favour and good luck j and when a man leaft 
dreams or it, flap, he fhall find himfelf with a judge* 
gown upon his back, or a bifhop's mitre upon his hea 
Voi. IV. A a ^ 1 

2&6 The life and atchievernents 

That night the matter and the man took up their 
lodging in the middle of a field, under the roof of the 
open Iky j and the next day, as they were on their jour- 
ney, they faw coming towards 'cm, a man a-foot with a 
wallet about his neck, and a javelin or dart in his hand, 
jult like a foot-poit : The man mended his pace when he 
came near Don Quixote, and alraoft running, came, with 
a great deal of joy in his looks, and embraced Don Quix- 
ote's right thigh, for he cou'd reach no higher. My lord 
Don Quixote de la Mancha, cry'd he, oh ! how heartily 
glad my lord duke will be when he underftands you are 
coming again to his caftle, for there he is Jtiil with my 
lady duchels. I don't know you, friend, anfwer'd Don 
Quixote, nor can I imagine who you fhou'd be, unlets 
you tell me yourfelf. My name is Tofilos, an't pleafe 
your honour ; I am my lord duke's footman, the feme 
who wou'd not fight with you about Donna Rodriguez's 
daughter. Blefs me ! cry'd Don Quixote, is it pofliblc 
you ihould be the man whom thofe enemies of mine, the 
magicians, transformed into a lacquey, to deprive me of 
the honour of that combat ? foftly, good Sir, reply 'd the 
footman, there was neither inchantment nor transforma- 
tion in the cafe. I was as much a footman when I en- 
tered the lifts, as when I went out $ and it was becaufe 
I had a mind to marry the young gentlewoman, that I 
refus'd to fight. But I was fadly difappointed ; for 
when you were gone, my lord duke had me foundly 
bang'd, for not doing as he order' d me in that matter ; 
and the up/hot was this, Donna Rodriguez is pack'd a- 
way to kek her fortune, and the daughter is mut up in a 
nunnery. As for me 1 am going to Barcelona, with a 
packet of letters from my lord to the vice-roy. However, 
Sir, if you pleafe to take a fup, 1 have here a calabaih 
full of the beft. 'Tis a little hot, I muft own, but 'tis 
neat, and I have fome excellent cheefe, that will make it 
gp down I warrant ye. I take you at your word, quoth 
Sancho, I am no proud man, leave ceremonies to the 
church, and (o let's drink, honeft Tofilos, in fpite of all 
the inchanters in the Indies. Well, Sancho, faid Don 
Quixote, thou art certainly the verier} glutton that ever 

• vmt, 

* efthefewwn'd Don Quixote. 267 

^»as, and the fillieft blockhead in the world, elfe thou 
h ouldft confider that this man thou feeft here, is inchant- 
ed, and a /ham-lacquey. Then flay with him if thou 
thinkeft fit, and gratify thy voracious appetite j for my 
part, Til ride fofUy on before. Tofilos (milM, and lay- 
ing his bottle and his cheefe upon the grafs, he and San- 
cho fat down there, and like fociable meftmates, never 
ftirr'd till they had quite cleared the wallet of all that was 
in it fit for the belly j and this with fuch an appetite, 
that when all was confum'd, they lick'd the very packet 
of letters, becaufe it fmelt of cheefe. While they were 
thus employed, hang me, quoth Tofilos, if I know what 
to make of this matter of your's : doubtlefs he ought to 
be reckon* d a madman. Why * ought ? reply'd Sancho $ 
he owes nothing to any body 5 for he pays for every thing, 
efpecially where madnefs is current : there he might be 
the richeft man in the kingdom, he has fuch a flock of 
it. I fee it full well, and full well I tell him of it : but 
what boots it ? efpecially now that he's all in the dumps, 
for having been worfted by the knight of the White 
Moon. Tofilos begg'd of Sancho to tell him that ftory ; 
but Sancho faid it would not be handfome to let his ma- 
iler flay for him, but that next time they met he'd tell 
him the whole matter. With that they got up, and 
after the fquire had bruuYd his cloaths, and fhaken off 
the crumbs from his beard, he drove Dapple along ; and 
with a good by t'ye, left Tofilos, in enter to overtake 
his mailer, who ibid for him under the cover of a 

* A double entendre vpon the iw>rd deve, tvbicb is put 
fir mufl, tbejlgn of a mood, or fir owing a debt. 


2 68 Hie life and atchievetmnts 

chap. utvn. 

How Don Quixote refohvd to turn Jbefberd, mud lead a 
rural life, for the year' s time be <mai obligd not to heir 
arms 5 <witb other paffage: truly good and diverting. 

IF Don Quixote was much difturb'd in mind before his 
overthrow, he was much more dtfquieted after k. 
hilc he ftayM for his fquire under the tree, a thouland 
thoughts crowded into his head, like flies into a honey* 
pot $ fometimes he ponder' d on the means to free Dol- 
cinea from inchantment, and at others, on the life he 
was to lead during his involuntary retirement. In this 
brown ftudy, Sancho came up to him, crying up Toflos 
as the honefteft fellow and the moft gentleman-like foot- 
man in the world. Is it poffible, Sancho, laid Don Quix- 
ote, thou (hould'ft ftill take that man for a teal lacquey ? 
haft thou forgot how thou faw'ft Dulcinea converted sad 
transformed into the refemblance of a ruftick wench, aad 
tiie knight of the Mirrours into the .bachelor Carrafce ; 
and all this by the necromantick arts of thofe evil-mind- 
ed magicians, that perfecutc me ? But laying this afide, 
pr'ythee tell me, did' ft thou not afk Tofilos what becatse 
of Altifidora : whether flie bemoan* d my abfence, or dif- 
mifs'd from her breaft thofe amorous fentiments that dif- 
turbM her when I was near her ? faith and troth, quoth 
Sancho, a my head ran on fomething elfe, ant} I was too < 
well employ'd to think of fuch foolilh fluff. Body of ' 
me ! Sir, are you now in a mood to aik about other 
folks thoughts, efpecially their love-thoughts too ? lock 
you, faid Don Quixote, there's a great deal of difference 
between thofe actions that proceed from love, and thofe 
that are the effect of gratitude. It is poflible a gentle- 
-<ui mould not be at all amorous, but itriclly fptakiflg, 


of tht renown* d Don Quixote. 269 

he cannot be ungrateful. *Tis very likely that Altifidoni 
lovM me well ; me prefentcd me, as thou know 1 ft, with 
three night-caps j flie wept and took on when I went a- 
way ; curs'd me, abus*d ' me, and, in fpite of modefty, 
gave a loofeto her paflion 5 all tokens that ftie was deep- 
ly in love with me, for the anger of lovers commonly 
vents itfelf in curfes. It was not in my power to give 
her any hopes, nor had I any cdftly prefent to bellow on 
her ; for all I have referv'd is- for Dukinea 5 and the 
treafures of a knight-errant are but fairy-gold, and a de- 
luAve good : So all I can 60, is only to remember the 
unfortunate fair, without prejudice however to the 
rights of my Dulcinea, whom thou greatly iniur'ft, San- 
cho, by delaying the accomplifliment of the penance 
that tnuft free the poor lady from mifery. And fince 
thou art fo ungeneroufly fparing of that pamper* d hide 
of thine, may I fee it devoured by wolves, rather than 
fee it kept fo charily for the worm9. Sir, quoth Sancho, 
to deal plainly, with you, it can't for the blood of me, 
enter into my head, that jerking my hack-fide will figni- 
fy a ftraw to the djf-inchanting of the inchanted. Sir, 
*tis as if we fliou'd fay, if your head akes, anoint your 
ihins. At leaft, I dare be fworn that in all the ftories of 
knight-errantry you have thumb* d over, you never knew 
flogging unbewitch*d any body. However, when I can 
fmd my felf in the humour, d'ye fee, I'll about it ; when 
timeferves, HI chaftife myfelf, ne'er fear. I wifh thou 
would* ft, anfwer'd Don Quixote, and may heaven give 
thee grace at leaft to understand how muck 'tis thy duty 
to relieve thy miftrefs ; for as (he is mine, by confe- 
quence (he is thine, fince thou belong' ft to me. 

Thus they went on talking, till they came near the 
place where the bulls had run over *em ; and Don Quix- 
ote knowing it again, Sancho, faid he, yonder's that 
meadow where we met the fine fliepherdefles, and the" 
gallant fhepherds, who had a mind to renew or imitate 
the paftoral Arcadia. 'Twas certainly a new and inge-* 
nious conceit. If thou think'ft well of it, we'll follow 
their example, and turn (hepherds too, at leaft for t 1 
flnje I am to lay afidc the profeflion ef arms 5 I'll b< 


2JO The life and (Achievements 

flock of iheep, and every thing that's fit for a paftoral 
life, and fo calling myfelf the ihepherd QuLxotit, and thee 
the ihepherd Panfino, we'll range the woods, the hills 
and meadows, ringing and verifying. We'll drink the 
liquid cryftal, fometimesout of the fountains, and Cbnae- 
times from the purling brooks, and the fwift gliding 
streams. The oaks, the cork-trees, and chefnnt-treea 
will afford us bot^ lodging and diet $ the willows wall 
yield us their (hade ; the rofes prefent us their inorlenfive 
fweets ; and the fpacious meads will be our carpets, di- 
verfify'd with colours of all forts : blefs'd with the poreft 
air, and uncbnfin'd alike, we (hall breathe that and free- 
dom. The moon and ftars, our tapers of the night, Hull 
light our evening walks. Light hearts will make ut 
merry, and mirth will make us fing. Love will inspire us 
with a theme and wit, and Apollo with harmonious lays. 
So fhall we become famous, not only while we live, but 
make our loves eternal as our fongs. As I live, quoth 
Sancho, this fort of life nicks me to an hair *, and I fancy, 
that if the bachelor, Samfon Carrafco and mafter Nicho- 
las have but once a glimpfe of it, they'll e'en turn Shep- 
herds too j nay, 'tis well if the curate does not pat in 
ibr one among the reft, for he's a notable joker, and mer- 
rily inclined. That was well thought on, faid Don Quix- 
ote : and then if the bachelor will make one among us, 
as I doubt not but he will, he may call himfeif the/he©- 
herd Samfonino, or Carrafcen 5 and mafter Nicholas 
Niculofo, as formerly old Bofcan call'd himfeif Nemo- 
rofo f , For the curate, I don't well know what name 
we wall give him, unlefs we (hould call him the ihep- 
herd Curiambro, As for the mepherdefles with wbosm 
we muft fall in love, we can't be at a lofs to find *em 
names, there are enough for us to pick and chufe $ and 


i ■ ■ ■ ■ ■!■. . !■ i — — 1. 1. 

* This kind of life fquarcs and corners mritb nu <xs8Jy t 
^uadrado y efquinado : Alluding to the CQriur-fiont a/* a 
buildings which anfzvtn both ways. 

f In plain Englijb, as if Mr JTood, (for p Bofijue 
*~'*'tj jbould call bimjtlfMr Grwe, (fi Nemmt^- 
' at in* J 

of the renowned Don Quixote. 27 1 

fince my miftrefs's name is not improper for a fiitpherdefs* 
any more than for a princefs, I will not trouble myiclf to 
get a better j thou mayft call thine a* thou pleafeft.. For 
my part, quoth Sane ho, I don't think of any other, name 
for mine, but Tercfona, that will fit her fat fides full 
well, and is taken from her chriftian name too : ft wherr 
I come to mention her in my verfes, every body will* 
know her to be my wife, and commend my honefty, as> 
being one that is not for picking another man's lock : as- 
for the curate, he muft be contented without a meperdefs,' 
for good example's fake. And for the bachelor, ; let him ' 
take his own choice, if .he means to have < one. Blefsi 
me ! iaid Don Quixote, what a life fhali we lead \ What! 
a melody of oaten reeds, and * Zamora bag-pipes . wall 
we have refounding in the air ! what intermixture >o{ ta-. 
bors, morrice bells, and fiddles ! and if to all the di£> 
ferent inftruments we add the albogues, we /hall have- 
all manner of paftoral mufick. What are the albogues ? 
quoth Sancho ; For I don't remember I've feen or ever 
heard of 'em in my life. They are, (aid Don Quixote, 
a fort of initruraents made of brafs*plates» rounded like 
candlefticks : the one /hutting into the other, there a* 
rifes through the holes or flops, and the trunk or hollow, 
an odd found, which if not very grateful, or harmonious, 
is however not altogether difagreeable, but does well e- 
nough with the rufticity of the bag- pipe and tabor. You 
muft know the word is Moortfh, as indeed are all thofe 
in our Spaniflr, that begin with an Al, as Almoaza, Al- 
morfar, Alhombra, Alguafil, Alucema, Almacen, Al- 
canzia, and the like, which are not very many. And 
we have alfo but three Moorifh words in our tongue that 
end in 1 j and they are Borcequi, Zaquicami, and Mara* 
vedi } for as to Alheli and Alfaqui, they are as well 
known to be Arabick by their, beginning with Al, as their 
ending in I. I cou'd not forbear telling thee fo much by 
the bye, thy quere about albogue having brought it into 
xnj head. ' There is one thing more that will go a great 


* Zamorra is a city in Spain, famous for that fort 
mufick, as Lancajbirc is in England for tbt bag-fife* 

272 The life and atchievements 

way towards making us com pleat in our new kind of life, 
and that's poetry ; thou know'ft I am fomewhat given 
that way, and the bachelor Carrafco is a moft accomplish- 
ed poet, to fay nothing of the curate 5 though I'll hold a 
wager he is a dabbler in it too, and fo is mailer Nicholas, 
I dare fay ; for all your Barbers are notable fcrapers and 
fbngftere. For my part, Til complain of abfence, thou 
malt celebrate thy own loyalty and conftancy } the fliep- 
herd Carrafcon (hall expoftulate on his fliepherdefs*s dif- 
dain, and the paftor Curiambro chufe what fubje& he 
likes belt, and fo all will be managed to our hearts con- 
tent, Alas ! quoth Sancho, I am fo unlucky, that I 
fear me, I /hall never live to fee thefe blefied days. How 
ihall I lick up the curds and cream ! 1*11 ne'er be with- 
out a wooden fpoon in my pocket. Oh, how many of 
them will I make ! what garlands and what pretty pafto* 
ral fancies will I contrive ! which though they mayn't 
recommend me for wifdom, will make me pais at kaft 
for an ingenious fellow. My daughter Sanchica flull 
bring us our dinner a field. But hold, have a care of 
that ! Jhe's a young likely wench, and fome fhepherds 
are more knaves than fools ; and I would not have my 
girl go out for wool, and come home (horn 5 for love and 
wicked doings, are to be found in the fields, as well as 
in cities j and in a shepherd's cot, as well as in a king's 
palace. Take away the caufe, and the effect ceafes; 
what the eye ne'er fees, the heart ne'er rues. One pair 
of heels is worth two pair of hands; and we muft 
watch as well as pray. No more proverbs, good Sancho, 
cry'd Don Quixote : any one of thefe is fufficiest to 
make us know thy meaning. I have told thee often e- 
nough not to be fo lavifh of thy proverbs ; but 'tis all 
loft upon thee : I preach in a defert : my mother whip! 
me, and I whip the top. Faith and troth, quoth San- 
cho, this is juft as the faying is, the porridge-pot calls 
the kettle black -arfe — You chide me for fpeakuig pro- 
verbs, and yet you bring 'em out two at a time. Look 
you Sancho, thofe I fpoke, are to the purpofe, but thoQ 
fetcheft thine in by head and flioulders, to their utter dif* 
«»racc # and thy own. But no more at this time, it grows 

of the renown'd Don Quixote. 273 

late, let us leave the road a little, and take up our quar- 
ters yonder in the fields 5 to-morrow will be a new day. 
They did accordingly, and made a (lender meal, as little 
to Sancho's liking as his hard lodging ; which brought the 
hardships of knight-erranting rrem into his thoughts, and 
made him wifli for the better entertainment he had fome- 
times found, as at Don Diego's, Camacho's, and Don An* 
tonio's houfes : but he confider'd after all, that it cou*d 
not be always fair weather, nor was it always foul $ fa 
he betook himfelf to his reft till morning, and his maftef 
to the ufual exercife of his roving imaginations. 


Tip adventure of the bogs. 

TH E iHght. was pretty dar-k, though the moon 
ftilj kept her place in the fky } ,but it, was in 
fuch a part, as ohJig'd her to be invifible to us ,j 
for now and then madam Diana takes a turn to the An- 
tipodes, and then the mountains in black,, and the val- 
leys in darknefs, mourn her ladyihip's. .ahfence. Don 
Quixote, after his firft flaep,, thought nature fufficiently 
rerrem'd, and would not yield to the temptations of a fe- 
cond. Sancho indeed did not enjoy a fecund, but from 
a different reafon : for he ufually made but one nap of the 
whole night, which was owing to the foundnefs of his 
conftitution, and his unexperjence'of . cares, that lay fo 
heavy upon ,Don Qujxote. 

Sancho, faid the knigjbt, after he had pulTd thefquire 
till he had waked him too, I am amaa'd at the infenfibi- 
lity of thy temper'. Thou art certainly made of marble 
or folid brafs, thou lieft fo without either motion or feel- 
ing : thou (lcep'it while 1 wake j thou fing'ft while I 


a 7 + Tfo Sfi and achievements 

mourn > and while I am ready to faint for want of faftr- 
nance, thou art lazy and unwieldy with mere gluttony. 
It is the part of a good fervant, to fliare in the afflictions 
of his matter. Obferve the ftillnefs of the night, and 
the folitary place we are in. *Tis pity fuch an opportu- 
nity mould be loft in floth and una&ive reft ; roufe for 
fhame, ftep a little alide, and with a good grace, and a 
chearful heart, fcoreme up fome three or four hundred 
lafhes upon thy back, towards the dilinchanting of Dul- 
>cinea. This I make my earneft requeft, being refohr'd 
never to be rough with thee again upon this account j 
for I muft confefs thou can 1 ft lay a heavy hand on a man 
upon occafien. When that performance is over, we'll 
pgfs the remainder of the night in chanting, I of abfeoce, 
and thou of conftancy, and fo begin thofe paftoral exer. 
cifes, which are to be our employment at home. Sir, 
anfwer'd Sancho, do you take me for a monk or friar, 
that I mould ftart up in the middle of the night, and dis- 
cipline myfelf at this rate ? or, do you think it fuch an 
eafy matter to fcourge and clapper-claw my back one 
moment, and fall a tinging the next ? look you, Sir, 6y 
not a word more of this whipping ; for as I lore my 
fiefh, you'll put me upon making fome ram oath or o- 
ther that you won't like, and then if the bare Drafting 
of my coat would do you any good, you ihou*d not have 
it, much left the currying of my hide, and fo let me go 
to fleep again. Oh obdurate heart ! cry'd Don Quixote ; 
oh, impious fquire ! oh nourishment and favours ill be- 
ftow'd I is this my reward for having got thee a govern- 
ment, and my good intentions to get thee an earldom, or 
an equivalent at leaft, which I dare engage to do when 
this year of our obfturity is elaps'd 5 for, in fliort, f>f 
tenebrat Jftero lucem. That I don't underftand, quoth 
Sancho, but this I very well know, that while I am a* 
fleep, I feel neither hope nor defpair ; I am free from 
pain and infenftble of glory. Now blefflngs light on him 
that firft invented this fame fleep : it covers a man ail 
over, thought* and all, like a cloak ; *tis meat for the 
hungry, drink for the thirfty, heat for the cold, and 
f at tho hot, "Tis the current coin that purchafes ill 


cf thf renown d Don Qtf i xdr e. 275 

he pleafuresof the world cheap ; and the balance that 
lets the king and the fhepherd, the fool and the wife-man 
even. There is only one thing, which fomebody once 
put into my head, that I diflike in fleep j 'tis, that it re- 
fembles death $ there's very little difference between a 
man in his firft fleep, and a man in his laft fleep. Molt 
elegantly fpoken, laid Don Quixote !, thou haft much 
autdone any thing I ever heard thee fay before, which 
confirms me in the truth of one of thy own proverbs ; 
birth is much, but breeding more. Cod's me ! matter of 
mine, cry'd Sancho, Tm not the only he now that 
threads proverbs, for you tack 'em together fatter than 
I do, I think : I fee no difference, but that your's come 
in feafon, mine out of feafon ; but for all that, they are 
all but proverbs. 

Thus they were employ' d, when their ears were a- 
larm'd with a kind of a hoarfe and grunting noife, that 
fpiead itfelf over all the adjacent valleys. Prefently Don 
Quixote ftarted up on his legs, and laid his hand to his 
fword t As for Sancho, he immediately fet up fome in* 
trenchments about him, clapping the bundle of armour on 
one fide, and fortifying the other with the afs's pack- 
faddle, and then gathering himfelf up of a heap, fquat- 
ted down under Dapple's belly, where he lay panting, as 
full of fears as his matter of furprise ; while every mo- 
ment the noife grew louder, as the caufe of it approach' d, 
to the terror of the one, at leaft ; for as for t'other, 'tis 
fufficiently known what his valour was. 

Now the occafion was this : fome fellows were driving 
a herd of above fix hundred fwine to a certain fair 5 and 
with their grunting and fqueaking, the filthy beafts made 
fuch a horrible noife, that Don Quixote and Sancho were 
alraoft ftunn'd with it, and could not imagine whence it 
proceeded. But at length the knight and fquire Handing 
in their way, the rude briftly animals came thronging up 
all in a body, and without any refpec"r, of peribns, fome 
running between the knight's legs, and fome between the 
fquire' s," threw down both matter and man, having not 
only infulted Sancho' s intrenchments, but alfo thrown 
down Rofinante : and having thus broke in upon *em, 


276 . The life and achievements 

on they went, and bore down all before 'em, overthrow- 
ing pack-faddle, armour, knight, fquire, horfe and all ; 
crowding) -treading and trampling over them all at a hor- 
ridkrate. Sancho was the firft that made a fluft to re- 
cover hia legs ; and having by this time found out what 
the matter Has, he call'd to his rriafter to lend him his 
fword, and fwor*he would ftkk at leaft half a dozen of 
thofe rude porkers Immediately. No, no, my friend, 
faid Don Quixote, let 'eme'engo ; heaven infliAs thk 
difgrate upon my guilty head 5 for 'tis bat a juft punHfc- 
ment that dogs mould devour, hornets fting, and vile 
hogs trample on a vanqufrVd knight-errant. And belike, 
quoth Sancho, that heaven fends the fleas to fting, the 
lice to bite, and hunger to famifh us poor fqubes, for 
keeping thefe vanqui&Vd knights company. If we fquire* 
were the, fens of thofe knights, or any ways related to 
'em, why 'then, fomething might be faid for our bear- 
ing a flian; of their punimmeBt, though it were to the 
third and/ourth generation. But what have the Paoyas 
to do with the Quixotes ? well, let's to our old placet 
again, and fleep out the little that's left of the night 
To-morrow is a new day. Sleep, Sancho, cry'd Doc 
Quixote, fleep, for thou wert born to fleep : but I, who 
was defign'd to be frill waking, intend before Aurora 
uihers in the fun, to give a loofe to my thoughts, tod 
vent my conceptions in a madrigal, that I made kit 
night unknown to thee. Methinks, quoth Sancho, » 
man can't be in great affliction,' when he can -turn bis 
brain to the making of verfes. Therefore, you may ver- 
ify on as long as you pleafe, and I'll fleep it out as modi 
as I can. This faid, he laid himfelf down on the ground, 
as he thought beft, and hunching himfelf clofe together, 
fell faft afleep, without anV difturbance from either debts, 
furetithips, or any care whatsoever. On the other fide, 
Don Quixote leaning againflthe trunk of a -beech, ori 
cork-tree (for 'tis not determin'd by Cid Hamet which it 
was) fung in concert with his fight, the following com- 


cf the renown* d Don Quixote. *77 


WHenier I think what mighty pain, 
Ybefiave eiuft bear who drags thy chain, 
Oh ! love, for eafe to death J go, 

The cure of thee, the cure of life and woe* 

But when, alas I J think fmfure 

Of that which muft by killing cure, 
The pleafure that 1 feet in death, 

Proves aftreng cordial to reftore my breath* 

Thus life each moment makes me die, 

And death it f elf new life can give : 
I hopglcfs and tormented lie, 

And neither truly die nor live. 

The many tears as well as fighs that aceompany'd this 
mufical complaint, were a fign that the knight had deep- 
ly laid to heart his late defeat, and the abfence of hit 

Now day came on, and the fun darting his beams on 
Sancho's race, at kit awak'd him : whereupon, rubbing 
his eyes, and yawning and ftretchjng his drowfy limbs, 
he perceived the havock that the .hogs had made in his 
baggage, which made Mm wim, not only the herd but 
fomebody elfe too at the devil for company. In fhort, 
the knight and the fquire both fet forward on their jour- 
ney, and about the dofe of the evening, they discovered 
foroe half a fcore horfemen, and four or five fellows on 
foot, making directly towards them. Don Quixote at 
the fight, felt a ftxange emotion in his breaft, and San- 
cho fe|l a fluvering from head to foot $ for they perceiv'd 
that Itnefe grangers were provided with fpears and fliields, 
and other warlike implements : whereupon the knight 
turning to the fquke, ah ! Sancho, laid he, were it law- 
ful for me at this time to bear arms, and had I my hands 
at liberty and not ty'4 ui> by my promife, what a joyfu? 
fight ihould I eftee*itfris fouadron that approaches ! but per 

Vol. IV. £ b hap 

278 The life and atchlevements 

haps, notwithstanding my prefent apprehenfions, things 
may fall out better than we expect. 

By this time the horfemen with their lances advanc'd, 
came clofe up to them without fpeaking a word, and en- 
compaAing Don Quixote in a menacing manner, with 
their points levellM to his back and break, one of the 
footmen, by raying his finger upon his mouth, signify 'd 
to Don Quixote, that he muft be mute ; then taking 
Rofinante by the bridle, he led him out of the road, 
while the reft of the 'footmen fecured Sancho and Dap- 
ple, and drove them filently after Don Quixote, who 
attempted twice or trice to afk the caufe of this ufage ; 
but he no fooner began to open, but they were ready to 
run the heads of their fpears down his throat. Poor San- 
cho far'd worfe yet ; for as he offer* d to fpeak, one of 
the foot-guards gave him a jagg with a goad, and fervi 
Dapple as bad, though the poor beaft had no thought of 
faying, a word. 

As it grew night, they mended their pace, and then 
the darknefs increased the fears of the captive knight and 
iquire efpecially when every minute their ears were tor- 
mented with thefe or fuch like words : on, on, ye Tro- 
glodytes 5 filence, ye Barbarian flaves ; vengeance, ye 
Anthropophagi 5 grumble not, ye Scythians 5 be blind, 
ye murdering Polyphemes, ye devouring lions. Bfcfi us 
(thought Sancho) what names do they call us here ! 
Trollopites, Barber's Slaves, and Andr'w Hodgepodgr, 
City-Cans, and Burframes ; I don't like the found of 
'em. Here's one mifchief on the neck of another. | 
When a man's down, down with him t I would com- 
pound for a good dry beating, and glad td 'fcape (o too. 
Don Quixote was no lefs perplex'd, not being able to im- 
agine tKe reafon either of their hard ufage or fcurriloas 
language, which 'hitherto promisM but little good. ' At 
M, after they had rode about an hour m the dark, they 
came to the gates of a calHe, which Don -Quixote pit- 
fently knowing to be the duke's, where he had fo lately 
been 5 heaven blefs me, cry'd he; what do I fee ! Was 
not this the manfion of civility and humanity ! But thus 
-wjuiuVd arc doom'd to fee every thing frown upon 

€f the renown d Von viuixoTE. 279 

*«m. With that the two prifoncrs were led into the great 
court of the cattle, and found fuch ftrange preparations 
made there, as increased at once their fear, and their a- 
masement j as we fhall find in the next chapter. 



Of the moftjingular andflrangefl adventure that befel D«n 
Quixote in the 'whole courfe of this famous biftory* 

ALL the horfemen alighted, and the footmen 
fnatching up Don Quixote and Sancho in their 
arms, hurry'd them into the court-yard, that was illu- 
minated with above a hundred torches, Jfix'd in huge 
candlefticks ; and about all the galleries round the court, 
were placed above five hundred lights j infomuch, that all 
was day in the midft of the darknefs of the night. In 
the middle of the court there was a tomb, rais'd fome 
two yards from the ground, with a large pall of black 
velvet over it, and round about it a hundred tapers of 
virgins- wax, flood burning in filver candlefticks. Upon 
the tomb lay the body of a young damfel, who, though to 
all appearance dead, was yet fo beautiful, that death itielf 
feem'd lovely in her face. Her head was crown' d with a 
garland, of fragrant flowers, and fupported by a pillow of 
cloth of gold, and in her hands, that were laid acrofs her 
breaft, was feen a branch of that yellow palm, that us*d 
of old to adorn the triumphs of conquerors. On one fide 
•f the court there was a kind of a theatre erected, on 

B'b * whi' 

28o The life and atehievemenh 

which two perfonages fat in chairs, who by the 
upon their heads, and fcepters in their hands were, or at 
kafr appeared to be kings. By the fide of the theata% 
at the foot of the fteps by which the kings afcended, tig 
other chairs were plac'd, and thither Don Quixote tjgl 
Sancho were led, and caus'd to ftt down ; the guaxfa 
that conducted 'cm continuing filent all the while, md 
making their prUbners underftand, by awful figns, 
they mull alio be nJent* But there was no great 
lion for that caution 5 for their furprize was fo 
that it had ty*d up their tongues without it. 

At the fame time two other perfons of note afcended 
the ftage with a numerous retinue, and feated themietves 
on two ftately chairs by the two theatrical kings. Tfccfe 
Don Quixote presently knew to be the duke and duchess, 
at whole palace he had been fo nobly entertained. * Bat 
what he difcover'd as the greateft wonder, was, that the 
corp r e upon the tomb was the body of the fair Altifidora. 
As ioon as the duke and duchefs had afcended, Don 
• Quixote and Sancho made 'em a profound obeifaaoe* 
which they returned with .a fliort inclining of their heads* 
Upon this a certain officer enter'd the court, and comfig 
up. to Sancho, he clapp'd over him a black bucksaaa 
frock, all figured over with flames of fire, and taking aJF 
his cap, he put on his head a kind of mitre, fuch as it 
worn by thofe who undergo publick penance by the m- 
quiiition 5 whifpering him in the ear at the fame time, 
that if he did but offer to open his lips, they would pot 
a gag in his mouth, or murder him to rights, Sancho 
viewed himfelf over from head to foot, and was a little 
frartFd to fee himfelf all over in fire and flames $ but yet 
Jlnce he did not feel himfelf burn, he car'd not a farthing. 
He pulTd off his mitre, and found it pictured over witt 
devils j but he put it on again, and bethought himle)£ 
that fince neither the flames burn'd him, nor the devils 
ran away with him, 'twas well enough. Don Quixote 
alfo itedfaftly furvey'd him, and in the midft of all his 
apprehensions, could not forbear fmiling to fee what a 
ftrange figure he made. And now in the midft of that 
profound filence, while every thing was mute, and ex. 


of the renown'd Don Quixote. a8r 

>e£tation moft attentive, a foft and charming fymphony 
> f flutes, that feemed to iflue from the hollow of the 
tomb, agreeably filFd their ears. Then there appeared 
at the head of the monument, a young man extremely 
handfome, and drefs'd in a Roman habit, who to the 
mufick of a harp, touch'd by himfelf, fung the following 
itanza's with an excellent voice : 

Altisidor a*s Dirge. 

WHILE Jlain, tbtfalr Altifidora lies, 
A vitlm to Don Quixote's cold difdain \ 
Here all things mourn, all pleafure with bet dies. 
And weeds of woe difguife the Graces train, 

riljsng the beauties ofber face and mind, 

Her hopelefs paffon, her unhappy fate $ 
Not Orpheus fdf in numbers more refind, 

Her charms, her love, her fujp rings could relate, 

Norjball the fair alone in life be fung, 

Her boundlcfs praije is my immortal choice ; 

Jn the cold grove, when death benums my tongue, 
For thee, bright maid, my foul pall find a voice. 

When from this narrow cell my fpirit" s free, 
And wanders grieving with thefhades below f 

E'ti'n o'er oblivion's waves Tllfing to thee j 
And bell itfelf Jball Jympatbine m woe, 

Enough, cry'd' one of the two kings ; no more, di- 
vine mufician j it were an endlefs ta/k to enumerate the 
perfections of Altifidora, or give us the ftory of her fate. 
Nor is /he dead, as the ignorant vulgar furmifes ; no, in 
tl>e mouth of fame /he lives, and once more /hall revive, 
as foon as Sancho has undergone the penance that is de- 
creed to xeftore her to tne world. Therefore, O Rhada- 
manthus ! thou who fitteft in joint commiflion with rr»^ 
io the opacous /hades of Dis, tremendous judge of h r 

B b 3 

282 The life and atchievements 

thou to whom the decrees of rate, iiifcrutable to mortals, 
are reveal'd, in order to reftore this damfel to life, open 
and declare 'em immediately, nor delay the proraifed 
felicity of her return, to comfort the drooping world. 

Scarce had Minos finiAVd his charge, but Radaman- 
thus ftarting up \ proceed, laid he, ye minifters and of- 
ficers of the houfhold, fuperior and inferior, high and 
low ; proceed one after another, and mark me Sancho*! 
chin with twenty-four twitches, give him twelve pinches, 
and run fix pins into his arms and backfide ; for Altifido- 
ra's reftoration depends on the performance of this cere- 
mony. Sancho hearing this could hold out no longer, but 
bawling out, body of me I cry'd he, Til as foon turn 
Turk, as give you leave to do all this. You Ihall put no 
chin or countenance of mine upon any fuch mortification. 
What the devil can the fpoiling of my face fignify to the 
. reftoring of this damfel ? I may as foon turn up my broad 
end, and awaken her with a gun. Dulcinea is bewitch' d 
and I forfooth muft flog myfelf, to free her from witch- 
craft ! and here's Altifidora too, drops off of one dxfiem- 
per or other, and prefently poor Sancho muft be pull'd 
by the handle of his face, his (kin filTd with oilet holes, 
and his arms pinch' d black and blue, to lave her from 
the worms ! no, no, you muft not think to put tricks 
«pon travellers. An old dog underftands trap *. Re- 
lent, cry'd Rhadamanthus aloud, thou tyger, fubmit 
proud Nimrod, fuffer and be filent, or thou dy'ft : No 
impoffibility is required from thee ; and therefore pre- 
tend not to expostulate on the feverity of thy doom. Thy 
face /hall receive the twitches, thy flcin fhall be pinch'd, 
and thou flialt groan under the penance. Begin, I fay, 
ye minifters of juftice, execute my fentence, or, as Tm 
an honed man, ye fliall curfe the hour ye were bom. 
At the fame time fix old duena's, or waiting-women, 
appeared in the court, marching in a formal proceffiba 
one after another, four of *em wearing fpeclacles, and all 
with their right hands held aloft, and their wrifts, ac- 
cording to the faihionj about four inches bare, to make their 


Tus, in tbi original^ $tt fbn explain d tlfcwbtr* 

of the renown' d Don Qwixote. 283 

i2tnds feems the longer, Sancbo no fooner fpy r d them, 
but, roaring out Jike a bull, do with me what you pleafe, 
cry'd he, let a fackfui of mad cats lay their claws on me, 
as they did on my mafter in this caftle, drill me through 
with Aarp daggers, tear the flefli from my bones with 
red-hot pincers, I'll bear it with patience, and ferve your 
worships : but the devil fhall run away with me at once, 
before 1*11 fufrer old waiting-women to lay a finger upon 
me. Don Quixote upon this broke filence } have pa- 
tience, my fon, cry'd he, and refign thyfelf to thefe po- 
tentates, with thanks to heaven, for having endowed thy 
p«xfon with fuch a gift, as to releafe the inchanted, and 
raife the dead from the grave. 

By this time the waiting-women were advanced up to 
Sancho, who, after much perfuafion, wa» at laft wrought 
upon to fettle humelf in his feat, and fubmic 'his face 
and beard to the famale executioners } the firft that ap- 
proach* d gave him a clever twitch, and then drbpp'd him 
a coortefy. Left courtefy, and lefs fauce, good Mrs 
Governante, cry'd Sancho ; for, by the life of Pharaoh, 
your fingers ftink of vinegar. In fliort, all the waiting- 
women, and moil of the fervants came and twitch'd and 
pinch'd him decently, and he bore it all with unfpeakable 
patience. But when they came to prick him with* pins, 
he could contain no longer ; but frarting up in a pelting 
chafe, fnat«.h*d up one of the torches that ftood near 
him, and fwinging it round, put all the women and the 
reft of his tormentors -to their heels, A vaunt, cry'd he, 
ye imps of the devil, d'ye think my backfide is made of 
brafs, or that I intend to be your mafter' s martyr, with 
a horfe-pox t'ye ? 

At the fame time Altifidora, who could not but be 
tired with lying fo long upon her back, began to turn 
herfelf on one fide, which was no (boner perceiv'd by the 
fpe&ators, but they all (et up the cry, the lives, fbe live* t 
Altifidora lives ! and then Rhadamantnus addrefling him- 
felf to Sancho, defir'd him to be pacify'd, for now the 
wonderful recovery was effected. On the other fide Don 
Quixote, feeing Altifidora ftir, went and threw himfelf 
on his Juees before Sancho ; my dear fon, cry'd he, fc 

284 Tht life and atckievmenU 

now I will not .call thee fquire, now is the hour for thee 
to receive fome of the laihes that are incumbent upon 
thee for the difinchanting of Dulcinea. This, I &y, is 
the autyickns time, when the virtue of thy jkin is mod 
mature and efficacious for working the wonders that are 
expelled from it. Out of the frying-pan into the fire, 
quoth Sancho.?; I have brought my hogs to a fair mar* 
ket truly \ after I have been twing'd and tweak* d by th« 
nofc, and every where, and my buttocks (tuck all over, 
and made a pin-cufliionof, I mull be now whjpp'd like 
a top, mult I ?. jf you've a mind to get rid of me, can't 
you as well tie a good (tone about my neck, and tip me 
into a well. Better make an end of me at once, than 
have me loaded fo every foot like a pack-horfe with other 
folks burdens. Look ye, fay but one word more to me 
of any fuch thing,: and on my foul, all the fat (hall be in 
the fire. 

By this time Altifidora fat on the tomb, and prefently 
the mufick ftruck up, all the inftruments being join'd 
with the voices of the fpectators, who cry'd aloud, live, 
live, Altifidora, Altifidora live ! The duke and duchds 
got up, and with Minos and Rhadamanthus, accom- 
petny'd by Quixote and Sancho, went all in a body to re- 
ceive Altifidora, and hand her down from the tomb. She 
pretending to faint, bow'd to the duke and ducheft, and 
alfo to the two kings 5 but calling a fkew look upon Don 
Quixote, heaven forgive that hard-hearted lovely knight, 
faid me, whofe barbarity has made me an inhabitant of 
the other world for ought I know a thoufand yean. But 
to thee, faidihe,. turning to Sancho, to thee, the rnoft 
companionate fquire that the world contains, I return 
my thanks for my change from death to life ; in acknow- 
ledgement of which, fix of the beft fmocks I have mail 
be changM into fliirts for thee ; . and if they are not fpick 
and fpan new, yet they are all as clean as a penny. San- 
cho pulTd off his mitre, put his knee to the ground, *M 
khVd her hand. The duke commanded, that they Aould 
return him his cap, and inftead of his flaming frock, to 
give him his gaberdine ; but Sancho begg'd of his grace, 
' n he might keep the frock and mitre, to carry into his 


of the renown 9 d Don Qu i xo te . 285 

11 country, as a relick of that wonderful adventure. 
ie,duchefs ("aid, he fhould have 'em, for he knew fhe 
1 always one of his beft friends. Then the duke or- 
ed the company to clear the court, and retire to their 
peclive lodgings, and that Don Qoixote and Sancho 
mid be conducted to their apartments. 



neb cma after the Jixty-nintb> and contains fruerat 
articular?) ncctjfaryfor the illufiration of this btftory. 

■1 H A T. night Sancho lay in a truckle-bed in Don> 

Quixote's chamber, a lodging act much to the 

re's liking, being very fenfible that his mailer would 

irb him with impertinent chat all night long j and 

entertainment he round himfelf not rightly difpos'd 

his late penance having taken him quite off the 
ing pin 5 and a hovel, with good found deep, had 
1 more agreeable to his circumstances, than the moft 
ely apartments in fuch troublefome company } and in- 
1 his apprehensions prov'd fo right, that his mailer 
fcarcely laid when he began to open : 
incho, faid he, what is your opinion of this night's 
nture ? great and mighty is the force of love when 
hten'd by difdain, as the teftimony of your own eyes 

convince you in the death of Altifidora. 'Twas 
aer a dart, a dagger, nor any poifon that brought her 
er end, but flic expir'd through the meer fenfe of my 
lin of her affection, I had not car" d a pin, anfwer*d 


5t86 Tie life and (Achievements 

Sancho, though fhe had dy'd of the pip, fo fhe had hut 
let me alone ; I never courted her, nor (lighted her in 
my born days ; and for my part, I muft frill think it 
ftrange, that the life and well-doing of Altifidora, a 
whimfical, maggotty gentlewoman, mould depend upon 
the plaguing of. Sancho Panca. But there are fuch 
things as inchanters and witchcrafts that's certain, from 
which good heaven deliver me ! for 'tis more than I can 
do myfelf. But now, Sir, let me fleep, I befeech you ; 
for if you trouble me with any more queftions, I'm re- 
folvM to leap out of the window, 1*11 not difturb thee, 
honeft Sancho, faid Don Quixote, fleep, if the fraart of 
thy late torture will let thee. No pain, anfwer'd Sancho, 
can be comparM to the abufe my face fuffer'd, beeauie 'tis 
done by the worft of ill-natur*d creatures, I mean old wait- 
ing, women ; the devil take 'em, quo* I, and fo good night! 
I want a good nap to fet me to rights, and fo once again, pray 
let me fleep. Do fo, faid Don Quixote, and heaven be 
with thee. Thereupon they both fell afleep, and while 
they are afleep, Cid Hamet takes the opportunity to tell 
us the motives that put the duke and duchefs upon this 
odd compound of extravagancies, that has been laft re- 
lated. He fays; that- the bachelor Carrafco meditating 
revenge for having been defeated by Don Qujxote when 
he went by the title of the knight of the Mirrours, re* 
folv'd to make another attempt in hopes of better for- 
tune 5 and therefore having underftood where Don Quix- 
ote was, by the page that brought the letters and pre- 
fent to Sancho's wife, he furniuVd himfclf with a freft 
horfe and arms, and had a white moon painted on his 
ihield ; his accoutrements were all pack'd up on a mule, 
and, left Thomas Cecial his former attendant would be 
known by Don Quixote or Sancho, he got a country- 
fellow to wait on him as a fquire. Coming to the duke's 
caftle, he was inform'd that the knight was gone to the 
tournament at Saragofa, the duke giving the bachelor an 
account atfo how pleafantjy they had impos'd upon him 
with the -contrivance for Dulcinea's difinchantment, to 
be effected at the expence of Sancho's pofteriors. Final- 
ly, he told him how Sancho had made his mailer believe 


of the renowrfd Dm QyixotfE. 287 

tiliat Dulcinea was transform' d into a country-wench by 
the power of magick ; and how the duchefs had periuad- 
ed Sancho that he was deluded himfelf, and Dulcinea in- 
chanted in good earneft. The bachelor, though he 
could not forbear laughing, was nevertheless ftruck with, 
wonder at this mixture of cunning and fimplicity in the 
fquire, and the uncommon madnefs of the mailer. The 
duke then made it his requeft, that if he met with the* 
knight, he fhould call at the caftle as he return'd, and' 
give him an account of his fuccefs, whether he vanquuh'd. 
him or not. The bachelor promised to obey his com- 
mands ; and departing in iearch of Don Quixote, he 
found him sot at Saragofe, but travelling farther, met: 
him at lait 9 and had his revenge as we have told you. 
Then taking the duke's caftle in his way home, he gave 
him an account of the circumftances and conditions of 
the combat, and how Don Quixote was repairing home- 
wards, to fulfill his engagement of returning to and re- 
maining in his village for a year, as it was incumbent on 
the honour of chivalry to perform, and in this fpace, 
the bachelor laid, he bop'd the poor gentleman might 
recover his femes, declaring withal, that the concern he 
had upon him, to fee a man of his parts in fuch a dif-- 
traded condition, was the only motive that could put him 
upon fuch an attempt. Upon this he return'd home, . 
there to expect Don Quixote, who was coming after him. i 
This information engag'd the duke, who was never to. 
be tir'd with the humours of the knight and the fquire, ; 
to take this occafion to make more fport with 'em j he; 
order' d all the roads thereabouts, efpccially thofe that - 
Don Quixote was moft likely to take, to be laid by a . 
great many of his fervents, who had orders to bring him ' 
to the caftle, right or wrong. 

They met him accordingly, and fent their mafter an 
account of it ; whereupon all things being, prepar'd againflv 
his coming, the duke caus'd the torches and tapers to be 
all lighted round the court, and Altifidora's tragico- 
mical interlude was acted, with the humours of Sancho 
Panca, the whole fo to the life, that the counterfeit wa? 

hardly difccrnablc, Cid Hamet adds, that » e beiiev * 


288 The life and atchievements 

thofe that play'd aU thefe tricks were as mad as thofe 
they were imposM upon : And that the duke and duche/s 
were within a hair's breadth of being thought fools them- 
felves, for taking fo much pains to make fport 'with the 
weaknefs of two poor filly wretches. 

Now to return to our two adventurers 5 the morning 
found one of them faft afleep, and the other brood awake, 
tranfported with his wild imaginations. They thought it 
time to rife, efpeciallv the Don, for the bed of floth. was 
never agreeable to aim, whether vanquifh'd or victo- 

Altifidora, whom Don Quixote fuppos'd to have been 
rais'd from the dead, did that day (to humour her lord 
and lady) deck her head with the fame garland flic wore 
upon the tomb, and in a loofe gown of white tafiaty 
rlower'd with gold, her diflievelTd locks flowing negli- 
gently on her moulders, fhe enter' d Don Quixote's cham- 
ber, fupporting herfelf with an ebony (raff. 

The knight was fo furpriz'd and amaz'd at this unex- 
pe&ed apparition, that he was ffaruck dumb j and not 
knowing how to behave hhnfelf, he flunk down under 
the bed-clothes, and covered himfelf over head and cars. 
However, Altifidora plac*d herfelf in a chair dole by his 
bed's-head, and after a profound figh s to what aa ex* 
tremity of misfortune and diftrefs, faid fhe in a foft and 
languifhing voice, are young ladies of my virtue and qua- 
lity redue'd, when they thus trample upon the rule of 
modefry, and without regard to virgin-decency, are fore'd 
to give their tongues a loofe, and betray the fecrets of 
their hearts ! alas ! noble Don Quixote de la Mancha, I 
am one of thofe unhappy perfons over-rul'd by my paffion, 
but yet fo referv'd and patient in my fufferings, that fi- 
lence broke my heart, and my heart broke in fUence, 
*Ti« now two days, moft inexorable and marble-hearted 
man, fince the fenfe of your fevere ufage and cruelty 
brought me to my death, or fomething fo like it, that 
every one that faw me, judg'd me to be dead* And had 
not love been companionate, and affign'd my recovery on 
the fufterings of this kind fquire, I had ever remained in 
♦*»e other world* Truly, quoth Soneho, love might e'en 

of the renown'' d Don Quixote. 7.3$ 

as well have made choke of my aft for that fervice,* 
and he would have obliged me a great deal more. But 
pray, good miftrefe, tell me one thing now, and fo hea- 
ven provide you a better natur'd fweet-heart than m/ 
mailer, what did you fee in the other world ? what fort? 
of folks are there in hell ? for there I fuppofe you have 
been : for thofe that die of defpair, muft needs go to 
that iummer-houfe. To tell you the truth, reply'd Al- 
tilidora, I fancy I could not be dead out-right, becaufe I 
was not got fo far as hell 5 for had I been once in, I'm 
Aire I (hould ne'er have been allow'd to have got out 
again. I got to the gates indeed, where I found a round 
dozen of devils in their breeches and waiftcoats, playing 
at tennis with flaming rackets 5 they wore flat band* 
with fcolIopM Flanders lace and ruffles of the Jame j four 
inches of their wrifts * bare, to make their hands look 
the longer j in which they held rackets of fire. But 
what I moft wonder'd at, w«, that inftead of tennis-balls, 
they made ufe of books that were every whit as light, 
and flufTd with wind and flocks, or fuch kind of trum- 
pery. This was indeed moft ftrange and wonderful j but, 
what ftill amaz'd me more, I found, that, contrary to the. 
cuftora of gamefters, among whom the winning party at 
leaft is in good humour, and the lofers only angry, thefe 
bellUh toilers of books of both fides did nothing but fret, 
fume, ftarop, curie and f wear moft horibiy, as if they 
had been all lofers. 

That's no wonder at all, quoth Sancho ; for your de- 
vils, whether they play or no, win or lofe, they can ne- 
ver be contented. That may be, faid Altifidora, *but 
another thing that I admire (J then admir'd I would fay) 
was, that the ball would not bear a fecond blow, but at 
every ftroke they were oblig'd to. change books, fome of. 
*em new, fome old, which I thought very ftrange. And 
one accident that happen* d upon this I can't forget ; They 


# It WAtfoJlrangi andrimfmdatt ajigbtfar'iuemtn or 
mett tojbrw tbtir naked vmjh or arms, t&ft Jftr With* 
puts tb$ dtvik in tbtfjajbion. 
r Vox,. IV. C c 

*Q0 The iife and atehievemtnts 

tofs'jfr up a new book fairly boundy and gave it Rich ft 
(mart ftroke* that the very guts flew out of it, and all 
the leaves were fcatter'd about. Then cry'd one of the 
devils to another, look, look, what book is that ? *TU 
the fecond part of the hiftory of Don Quixote, faid the 
Other ; not that which was compbs'd by Crd Haroet, 
the author of the firft, but by a certain Arragonian, who 
profeJTes himfelf a native of Tordefillat. Away with it, 
cry'd the firft devil, down with it, plunge it to the lowed 
pit of hell, where I may never fee it more. Why, is it 
fuch fad fluff, faid the other f fuch intolerable ftnff, 
cry'd the firft devil, that if I and all the devils in helj 
ftpuld fet their heads together to make it worfe, it were 
«aft our ikill. The devils connmi'd their game, and 
JhatterM a world of other books, but the name of Don 
Quixote, that I fo paffionately ador'd, connVd my 
thoughu only to that part of the virion which I have told 
you. It could be nothing but a virion to be fure, raid 
Don Quixote, for I am the only perfoft of the name now 
in the univerfe, and that very book is tofs'd about here at 
the very lame rate, never refting m a place, for every 
body has a fling at it. Nor am I concern'd that any 
phantom afluming my name, flSould wander in the rhades 
of darknefs, or in the light of this world, fmee I am not 
the perfon of whom that hiftory treats. If it be well 
writ, faithful, and autheotick, it will 4ive ages 5 but if 
it be bad, 'twill have a quick journey from it's birth to 
the grave of oblivion. Altiftdora was then going to renew 
her expostulations and complaints againft Don Quucote,had 
not he thus interrupted her : I have often caution' d yon, 
Madam, faid he, of fixing your affections upon a man 
who is absolutely uncapabk of making a fuitable return. 
It grieves me to have a heart obtruded upon me, when 
J have no entertaiment to give it, but bare cold thanks. 
J was only born for Duktnea del Toboib, and to her 
alone the Deftinies (if fuch there be) have devoted my af- 
&£rjan:..Jb 'tia proiumptioa for any other beauty to ima- 
gine the can dtfplace her, or but /hare the poffeffion /be 
holds m my foul. This I hope may fuifice to take away 
aM foundation from your hopes, to reca} your tnodefty, . 

. • aod 

of the rewwrCd Don Quixote. 291 

and re -inflate it in it's proper bounds, for itnpoifiUlitiet 
are not to be expe&ed from any creature upon earth. • 

At bearing this, Death of my life ! cry'd Altifidora, 

putting on a violent paiTion, thou lump of lead, who 

haft a foul of morter, and a heart as little and as hard 

as the (tone of an olive, more ftubborn than a fullcn 

plough-jobber, or a carrier's horfe that will never go out 

of his road, I have a good mind to tear your eyes out» 

as deep as they ate in your head. Why, thou beaten 

fwaih-buckler, thou rib-roafted knight of the cudgel, 

haft thou the impudence to think that I dy'd for love of 

thy lantern-jaws ? no, no, Sir ^Tiffany, all that you have 

feen this sight has been counterfeit, for I would not fu£- 

ter the pain of a flea-bite, much left that of dying, for 

fuch a dromedary as thou art. Troth *. lafs, I believe 

thee, quoth Sancho 5 for all thefc ftories of people dying 

for love are meer tales of a roafted hovfe. They tell you 

they'll die for love, but the devil a-blt. Truft to that 

and be lasgh'd «t» 

Their djfcourfe was interrupted by the coming in of 
the harper, finger, and compofer of thelfcmns that were 
perform* d in the court the night before.. Sir Knight, 
-laid he to Don Quixote, making a profound obeifahce, 
let me beg the favour of being number' d among your 
snoft humble Servants 5 'tis an honour which I have Ions; 
been ambitious to receive, in regard of your great re- 
nown, and the value of your achievements. Pray, Sir, 
laid Don Quixote, let. me know who you are, (hat 1 
may proportion my refpe&s to your merits. The fpark 
gave him to uaderftand, he was the perfon that made 
and fung tfce verfes he heard the laft night. Truly, Sir, 
iaid Don Quixote, you have an excellent voice, ; but I 
think your jtoetry was little to the purpofe ; for what 
relation pray have the ftansas of Garcilaffb to this lady's 
death ? Oh ! Sir, never wonder at that, reply'd the 
snuficjan, -I do but as oflier brothers of the quill : all 
the upftart poets of the age do theiame, and every one 
writes what he pleafes, how he pleafes, fteals and from 
whom he pleafes, whether it be to the purpofe or no 
for let 'em write and fet to mufiek what they v 

C c 2 the 

29 2 7^* kf* a *d atcbievements 

though never fo impertinent and abfurd, there Is a thing 
calTd poetical licence, that is our warrant, and a life- 
guard and refuge for nonfenfe, among all the men of 
jingle and metre. 

Don Quixote was going to anfwer, but was interrupted 
by the coming in of the duke and duchefs, who improv- 
ing the conversation, made it very pleafant for tome 
sours \ and Sancho was fo full of his odd conceits and 
arch wipes, that the duke and duchefs were at a Hand 
which to admire moft, his wit, or his fimpljcity. After 
that, Don Quixote begg' d leave for his departure that very 
day, alledging that knights in his unhappy circumftance} 
were rather fitter to inhabit an humble cottage than a 
.Jungly palace. They freely comply' d with his. rcquefr, 
and the duchefs defiVd to know if Altifidora had yet at- 
tain*d to any {hare of his favour. Madam, anfwer'd 
Don Quixote, \ muft freely tell your grace, that I am 
confident all this damfel's difeafe proceeds from nothing 
elfe in the world but idlenefs. So nothing in nature can 
be better phyfick for her diftemper, than to be con- 
tinually employM in fome innocent and decent things. 
She has been pleas*d to inform me, that bone-lace is modi 
worn in hell ; and fine*, without doubt, me knows how 
to make it, 1ft that be her talk, and 1*11 engage the tum- 
bling of her bobbins to and again will foon toft her lew 
Out of her head, now this is my opinion, Madam, sad 
jny advice. And mine too, quoth Sancho* for I never 
knew any of your hone-lacs-makeis die for love, nor any 
other young wench, that had any thing elfe to do ; I 
know it by my (elf : when I am hard at work, with a fpade 
in my hand, J no more think of pig'ihyes (my own dear 
wife I mean) than I do of my dead cow, though I love 
her as the apple of my eye. You fay well, Sancho, an- 
fwer'd the duchefs, and Til take care that Altifidora shall 
not want employment for the future 5 (he understands 
her needle, and I'm reiblv'd me (hall make ufe on't. 
Madam, (aid Altifidora, I (hall have no occafion for any 
remedy of that nature ; for the fenfe of the feverity and 
IB ufage that I have met with from that vagabond mon- 
ster, will* without any other means, foon rate him out 


of the renown" d Dm Quixote. 393 
of my memory. In the mean time, I beg your grace'a - 
leave to retire, that I may no linger behold, I won't fiy 
ilia woful figure, but hit ugly and abominable counte- 
nance. Theft words, laid the duke, put me in mini 
of the proverb, Afirr railing, «m» forgiving. Altifi- 
dora putting her handkerchief to her eje^, v it were to 
dry her tun, and then making her honouri !o the 
duke and duchefi, went out of the room. Alaek-aday ! 
poor girl, cry'd Sancho ; I know what will be the end 
of thee, (ince thou art fall'n into the haodi of that fad 
foul, that merciltfi mailer of mine, with a crab-tree 
heart, as tough as any oak. Woe be to thee, a' faith ! 
hadft thou fall'n in love with thil iweet face of mine, 
body of me, thou hadft met with a cock of the 

394 • 7^* fif* <m ^ atchievtmatt 

^*§>4*$ 4 |HF < { M f' ^4M|H|Hj^^fr*l^ ^»d|k 


JPfcrf laffendt* Tkn 2tuix6te> mni lis fouir* 9 j* their 
* awry bmu. 

TH B vaaquiih'd knight-errant continued his jour- 
ney, 'equally divided between grief and joy i the 
thought of his overthrow lometimes funk his fpi- 
rifj, but then the aflurance he had of the virtue Jodf'd in 
Sanfho, by Alriildora's refurre&ion, nuYd them «p 
again ; and yet, Jfter all/ he had much ado to pesiuade 
himfeli* that the amorous damfel was really dead. As 
for Sancho, his thoaghtt were not at all of the pleating 
kind $ on the contrary, he was mightily upon the Allien, 
becaufe Altifidora had'bilk*d him of the (mocks fee pro- 
mis'd him 5 and his head running upon that, faith and 
troth, Sir, quoth he, I have the worft luck of any phy- 
sician under the cope of heaven ; other doctors kill their 
patients, and are paid for it too, and yet they are at no 
farther trouble than fcrawling two or three cramp words 
for fome phyfical flip-flop, which the apothecaries are at 
all the pains to make op. Now here am I, that fave 
people from the grave at the expence of my own hide, 
pinch'd, clapper-claw'd, run through with pins, and 
whipp'd like a top, and yet the devil a croft I get by the 
fergaia.. Utat if ever they catch me a curing any body o' 


of thi retmun'd Don Quixote. 295 

this falhion, unlets J have my fee beforehand, may I be 
fiery* d as I have been for nothing. Odsdrggevs ! they 
Jhall pay fauce fbr't 5 no money, no cure 5 the monk 
lives by his tinging j and I can't think heaven would 
make me a doctor, without allowing me my fees. 
You're in the right, Sancho faid Don Quixote, and Al- 
tifidora has done unworthily in difappointing you of the 
fxnocks. Though you muft own, that the virtue by 
which though workeft thefe wonders was a free gift, and 
coft thee nothing to learn, but the art of patience. For 
my part, had you demanded your fees for difinchanting 
Dulcinea, you (hould have received 'em already ; but I 
aBa afraid there can be no gratituity proportionable to the 
greatnefs of the cure j and therefore I wou'd not have the 
■ remedy depend upon a reward ; for who knows whether 
my proffering it, or thy acceptance of it, might not hin- 
der the effect of the penance ? however, fince we've gone 
fo far, we'll put it to a trial : come, Sancho, name your 
price, and down with your breeches. Firft pay your 
hide, then pay yourfelf out of the money of mine that 
you have in your cuftody. Sancho opening his eyes and 
ears above a foot wide at this fair offer, leap'd presently 
at the propofal. Ay, ay, Sir, now you fay fomething, 
quoth he, 1*11 do' t with a jirk now, fince you fpeak fo 
feelingly : I have a wife and children to maintain, Sir, 
and I muft mind the main chance. Come then, how 
much will you give me by the lafh ? Were your payment, 
laid Don Quixote, to be anfwerable to the greatnefs and 
merits of the cure, not all the wealth of Venice, nor the 
Indian mines were fufficient to reward thee. But fee 
what cafli you have of mine in your hands, and fet what 
price you will on every fltipe. The lafhes, quoth Sancho, 
are in all three thoufand three hundred and odd, of which 
J have had five ; the reft are to come, let thofe five go 
for the odd ones, and let's come to the three thoufand 
three hundred. At a quartillo, or three half-pence, apieoe 
(and I won'd not bate a farthing, if 'twere to my brother) 
they will make three thoufand three hundred three 
halfpences. Three thoufand three half-pences make * r 
teen hundred three pences, which amounts to feven ' 

296 The life and atcbUvments 

dred and fifty reals, or fix-pences. Now the tnrae fans- 
dred remaining three half-pences, mike an hundred sad 
fifty three peaces, and threescore and fifteen fix-pences 5 
put that together, and it comes juir. to eight hundred and 
twenty-five reals, or fix-pences, to a farthing. "This 
money, Sir, if you pleafe, I'll deduct from yew's that I 
have in my hands, and then 1*11 reckon myfelf well paid 
for my juicing, and go home well pleas'd, though well 
whipp'd ; hat that's nothing, fomething has fome favour ; 
he muft not think to catch fiih, who is afraid to wet his 
feet. I need lay no more. Now bkffiags on thy heart, 
my deareft Sancho, cty*d Don Quixote ! oh ! my friend, 
how mall Dulcinea and I be bound to pray for thee, and 
ferve thee while it fhall pleafe heaven to continue us on 
earth ! if (he recover her former shape and beauty, as 
now (he infallibly mole, her misfortune will turn to her 
felicity, and I (hall triumph in my defeat. Speak, dear 
Sancho, when wilt thou enter upon thy talk, and a hun- 
dred reals more (hall be at thy ferviee, as a gratuity for 
thy being expeditious ? Til begin this very night, an- 
fwer'd Sancho, do you but order it to that we may lie in 
the fields, and you (hall fee how Til lay about me 5 I 
man't be fparing of my flefh, 1*11 afiure you. 

Don Quixote long'd for night fo impatiently, that, like 
all eager expecting lovers, he fancy' d Fhcebus had broke 
his chariot-wheels, which made the day of (b unufixal a 
length j but at laft it grew dark, and they went out of 
the road into a (hady wood, where they both alighted, 
and being fat down upon the grafs, they went to fupper 
upon fucn provifion as Sancho's wallet afforded. 

And now having (atisfy' d himfelf, he thought it time 
to (atisfy his mafier, and earn his money. To which 
purpofe he made himfelf a whip of Dapple's halter, and , 
having ftripp'd himfelf to the waift, retir'd farther up in- ' 
to the wood at a (mall diftance from his mafter. Don 
Quixote, obfcrvinghisreadindsandrefolution, could not 
forbear calling after him $ dear Sancho, cryMhe, benot 
too cruel to thyfelf neither : have a care, do not hack 
thyfelf to pieces : make no more hafie than good (peed J 
go more gently to work, foft and fair goes frrtheft ; I 


of the renowrCd Don Quixote. 297 

mean, I would not have thee kill thyfelf before thou 
getteft to the end of the tally j and that the reckoning 
may be fair on both fides, I will ftand at a diftance, and 
keep an account of the ftrokes by the help of my beads ; 
and fo heaven profper thy pious undertaking. He's an 
honeft man, quoth Sancho, who pays to a farthing j I 
only mean to give myfelf a handfome whipping, for don't 
think I need kill myftlf to work miracles. With that 
he began to exerclfe the infrniment of penance, .and Don 
Quixote to tell the ftrokes. But by that time Sancho had 
apply'd feven or eight ladies on his bare back, he felt 
the jeft bite him fo fmartly, that he began to repent him 
of his bargain : whereupon, after a ihort paufe he called 
to his mafter, and told him, that he would be off with 
him, for fuch laflies as thefe, laid on with fuch a con- 
founded lick-back, were modeftly worth three pence a- 
piece of any man's money ; and truly he could not afford 
to go on at three half-pence a lajh. Go on, friend 
Sancho, anfwer'd Don Quixote, take courage and proceed, 
I'll double thy pay, if that be all. Say you fo, quoth 
•Sancho, then have at all ; 1*11 lay it on thick and three- 
fold. Dobutliften With that, flap went the 

fcourge ; but the cunning knave left perfecuting his own 
ikin, and fell foul o' the trees, fetching ' fuck difmal 
groans every now and then, that one would have thought 
he bad been giving up the ghoft. Don Quixote, who 
was, naturally tender-hearted, fearing he mignt make an 
end of himfelf before he could finifti his penance, and 
fo difappoint the happy effects of it : hold, cry'd he ? hold 
my friend, as thou loveft thy life, hold "1, conjure thee, 
no more at this time. This feems to be a very /harp fort 
of phyfick. Therefore pray don't take it all at once*, 
make two dofes of it. Come, come, all in good time, 
Rome was not built in a day. If I have told right; thon 
haft given thyfelf above a thoufand (tripes j that's e- 
nough for ont beating 5 for, to ufe a homely phrafe, the 
afs will carry his load, but not a double load 5 ride 
not a free horie to death. No, no, quoth Sancho, 
it ftall ne'er be faid of me, the eaten bread is for- 
gotten, or that I thought it working for a dead horf 


.298 The life and achievements 

becaufe I am paid before-hand. Therefore ftand off, I 
bcieech you ; get out of the reach of my whip, and let 
me lay on t'other thoufand, and then the heart of the 
work will be broke : fuch another flogging bout, and 
the jobb will be over. Since thou art in the humour, 
reply'd Don Quucote, I will withdraw, and heaves 
ftrengthen and reward thee I with that, Sancho fell to 
work afre/h, and beginning upon a new fcore, laih'd the 
trees at fo unconfcionable a rate, that he fetched off their 
ikins mqfl unmercifully. At length, raifing his voice, 
feemingly refplv'd to give himfelf a fparring blow, he leu 
drive at a beech tree with might and main : there I cry'4 
he, down with thee, Sampfon, and all that are about 
thee ! this difmal cry, with the found of the dreadful 
ftrokes that attended it, made Don Quixote run prefentJy 
to his fquire, and laybg fail hold on the halter, whkh 
Sancho had twitted about and manag'd like a bull's pit- 
sle, hold, oVd he, friend Sancho, flay the fury of thy 
arm : do 1 ft thou think I will have thy death, and the 
ruin of thy wife and children, to be laid at my door ? for- 
bid it, Fate ! let Dulcinea ftay a while, till a better oppor- 
tunity offers itfelf. I myfelf will be contented to live k 
hopes, that when thou haft recover' d new faength, the 
bufinefs may be accornpluVd to every body's fatiafa&ioB, 
Well, Sir, quoth Sancho, if it be your worflup'a will asd 
pleafure it mould be fo, (b let it be, quo' I« But, for 
goodnefs*iake, do fo much as throw your cloak over my 
Shoulders j for I am all in a muck-fweat, and Tve ao 
mind to catch cold ; we novices are fomewhat in danger 
of that when we firft undergo the difcipline of flogging. 
"With that, Don Quixote took off his cloak from bis ova 
{Widen, ana putting it over thofe of Sancho, chofe to 
remain in cuerpo ; and the crafty fquire being lapp'd up 
warm, fell fail afleep, and never ftirr*d till the Sua 
wak'd him. 

In the morning they went on their journey, and after 
three hours riding, alighted at an inn, for it was aUow'd 
by Don Quixote himfelf to be an inn, and not a caflle, 
with moats, towers, portcullices, and draw-bridges, as he 
commonly fancy M ; for now the knight was mightily otf 


of the renown 9 d Don Qu ixot E . 299 

he romantick pin, to what he us*d to be, as (hall be 4 
hew'd prefently more at large. He was lodg'd in a 
;round-room> which znftead of tapeftry, was hung with 
1 coarfe painted fluff, fuch as is often feen in villages. 
Due of the pieces had the ftory of Helen of Troy, when 
Paris Hole her away from her hulband Menelaus, but 
fcrawl'd out after a bungling rate by fome wretched 
dauber or other. Another had the ftory of Dido and 
./Eneas, the lady on the top of a turret, waving a meet 
to her fugitive gueft, who was in a (hip at fea, crowding 
all the fails he could to get from. her. Don Quixote made 
this ebfervation upon the two ftories, that Helen was 
not at all difpleas'd at the force put upon her, but ra- 
ther leer'd and fmilM upon her lover : whereas on the 
other fide, the fair Dido fliew'd* her grief by her tears, 
which, becaufe* they ihould be feen, the painter had 
made as big a3 walnuts. How unfortunate, faid Don 
Quixote, were thefe two hdies, that they hVd not in 
this age, or rather how much more unhappy am I, for 
not having liv'd in theirs ! I would have met and ftopp'd 
thofe gendemen, and fav'd both Troy and Carthage 
from destruction 5 nay, by the death of Paris alone, all 
thefe miferies had been prevented. I'll lay you a wager, 
qwoth Sancho, that before we be much older, there will 
not be an inn, a hedge-^tavern, a blind victualling -houfe, nor 
a barber* s ihop in the country, but will have the ftory of nur ' 
lives and deeds pafted and painted along the walls. But 
I could wifli with all my heart though, that they may 
be done by a better hand than the bungling fon of a 
whore that drew thefe. Thou art in the right, Sancho- j 
for the fellow that did thefe, puts me in mind of Orba- 
neja the painter of Uveda, who as he fat at work, 
being afle'd what he was about ? made anfwer, any 
thing that comes uppermoft ; and if he chanc'd to draw 
a -cock, he underwrit, This is a Cock, left people mould 
take it for a fox. Juft fuch a one was he that painted, 
or that wrote (for they are much the fame) the hiftory ' 
of this new Don Quixote, that has lately peep*d out, 
and ventur'd to go a (trolling ; for his painting or writ 
jng is all at random, and any thing that comes uppe 


300 The life and atchievements 

moft. I fancy he's alfo not much unlike one Mauleon, 
a certain poet, who was at court fome years ago, and 
pretended to give anfwer ex tempore to any manner of 
queftions ; fome body aflcM him what was the meaning 
of Deum de Deo, ? whereupon my gentleman anfwer' d 
very pertly in Spanifb, De dends diere, that is Hah nab 
at a venture. 

But to come to our own affairs. Haft thou an inclina- 
tion to have t'other brufh to night ? what think you of a 
warm houfe ? would it not do better for that fervice than 
the open air ? why truly, quoth Sancho, a whipping is but 
a whipping either abroad or within doors, and I could like 
a clofe warm place well enough, fo it were ?mong trees ; 
for I love trees hugely, d'ye fee, methinks they bear 
me company, and have a fort fellow-feeling of my 
fufferings. Now I think on't, faid Don Quixote, it 
mall not be to night, honeft Sandra, you mall have 
more time to recover, and we'll let the reft alone till 
we get home ; * twill not be above two days at moft. 
E'en as your worihip pleafes, anfwer'd Sancho j but if 
I might have my will, it were beft making an end of 
the jobb, now my hand's in, and my blood up. There's 
nothing like ftriking while the iron is hot, for delaj 
breeds danger : 'tis beft grinding at the mill before the 
water is paft t ever take while you may have it : A 
bird in hand is worth two in the buih. For heaven's fake, 
good Sancho cry'd Don Quixote, let alone thy pro- 
verbs ; if once thou go'ftback to Stent erat, pr as it was 
in the beginning, J muft give thee over. Can'ft thou 
not fpeak as other folks do, and not after fuch a tedious 
round-about manner. How often have I told thee of 
this ? mind what I tell you, Vm fure you'll be the better 
for it. 'Tis an unlucky trick I've got, reply'd Sancho, 
I can't bring you in three words to the purpofe without 
a proverb, nor bring you in any proverb but* what I 
think to the purpofe; but I'll mend if I can* Andfo 
for this time their convention broke oft. 



mf the renown' d Don Quixote. 301 

«SS» *«9* 'CSp 

CHAP. tfXir. 

Mvm Dm $}uix9tc tad S&efa get bm* 

THAT whole day Den Quixote and Sancho con* 
tinu'd in the inn, expe&ing the return of night, 
the one to have an opportunity to make ah end 
mfhh penance in the fields, and the other to fee it fair 
hf pet&rm'd, as being the moft material preliminary to 
tbe ttcofftpttAment of his detires. 

fn the mean time, a gentleman with three or font 
Atvattta came riding up to the inn, and one of 'em call- 
ing him that appear M to be the mafter, by the name of 
©oft Alvaro Tarfe, your worfliip, faid he, had as goo<| 
Hop jhere till the heat of the day be over. In my opinion, 
tbe hoaie looks cool and cleanly. Don Quixote over- 
hearing the name of Tarfe, and prefently turning to his 
Jfmre, Srfnchtf, laid he, I am much mHraken if I had 
not a gHmpfe of this very name of Don AlvarO Tarfe, in 
tuAmg over that pretended fecond part of my hiftory, 
Arukely as not, quoth Sancho ; but fh-ft let him alight", 
and then we'll question him about the matter. 

The gentleman alighted, and was ihew'd by the land- 
lady into a ground-room that fae'd Don Quixote's apart- 
ment, and was hung with the feme fort of coatfe painted 
iron. A while after the stranger had undrew 3 for oooi"- - 
nefs> he dune out to take a torn, and walked mto tfr 
porch of the houfe, that was large and airy : there ' 
ioohdDonQujbtote, to whom addreffing htefelf, pa 

Vol. JV. D d S 

302 Tb* life and atcbUvemsnts 

Sir, iksd he, which way do you travel ? to a country- 
town not far off, anfwerM Don Quixote, the place of my 
nativity* And pray, Sir, which way axe you bound ? 
to Granada, Sir, (aid the knight, the country where I 
was born. And a fine country it it, replyM Don Quix- 
ote. But pray, Sir, may I beg the favour to know 
your name, for the information I am perfuaded will be 
of more confequence to my affairs than I can well tell 
you. They call me Don Alvaro Tarfe, anfwer'd the 
gentleman. Then without difpute, faid Don Quixote, 
you are the £une Don Alvaro Tarfe, whofe name fills a 
place in the fecond part of Don Quixote de la Mancha's 
Hiftory, that was lately publUh'd by a new author ? 
The very man, anfwer'd tbjc kinght j and that very Don 
Quixote, who is the principal fubjeft of that book, was 
my intimate acquaintance ; I am the peribn that inticM 
him from his habitation fo far at leaft, that he bad 
never feen the tournament at Saragofa, had it not ban 
through my perfuafions, and in my company j and in- 
deed, as it happened, I prov'd the beft friend he had, 
and did him a lingular piece of fervice; for had I 
not ftood by him, his intolerable impudence had 
brought hhn to fame ihameful punimment. But pray, 
Sir, iaid Don Quixote, be pleased to tell me one thing ; 
am I any thing like that Don Qgixote of yeur's ? the 
farthett from it in the world, Sir, reply'd the other. 
And had he, faid our knight, one Sancho Panca for his 
Squire •? yes, faid Don Alvaro, but I was the moft de- 
ceiv'd in him that could be ; for by common report that 
fame Squire wa3 a comical, witty fellow, but I found 
him a very great blockhead. I thought no left, quoth 
Sancho ; for it is not in every body's power to crack a 
jeft, or fay plea&nt things j and that Sancho you talk of 
muft be forne paltry raggamuffin, fome guttling mumper, 
or pilfering crack*rope, 1 warrant him, For 'tis I that 
am the true Sancho Panca, 'tis I that am the merry- 
conceited fqufoe, that have always a tinker's budget fall 
of wit and waggery, that will make gravity grin in fpitt 
of it's teeth. If you won't believe me, do but try me ; 
keep me company but for a twelve-month, or ft, you'll 


tffherenwm'd Ban Quixote. §0J 

what a mowe? of jokes and notable things drop front 
every foot. Adad ! I fet every body a laughing, 
fusuty times, and yet J wifh I may be hang'd, if I de- 
4ign*d it in the leaft. And then for the true Don Quix- 
ote de la Mancha, here you have him before you. The 
4tanch, the famous, the valiant, the wife, the loving 
T>on Quixote de la Mancha, the tighter of wrongs, the 
tranifher of wickednefs, the father to the fatheriefs, the 
trally-rock of widows, the * murderer of damfels and 
maidens ; he whofe only dear and fweet-heart is the 
peerlefs Duldnea del Tobofo ; here he is, and' here am 
t hit fquire. Afl ether Don Quixote's, and all Sancho Pan* 
ca*e> betides us two, are but Jhams, and tales of a tub. 
Tfow by the fword of St Jago, honeft friend, faid Don 
Alvaro, I believe at much ; for the little thou haft ut- 
ter' d now, has more of the humour than all J ever heard 
come from the other. The blockhead feem'd to carry 
ail his brains in his gutt, there's nothing a jeft with him 
but rilling his belly, and the rogue's too heavy to be di- 
verting. For my part, I believe the inchanters that 
persecute the good Don Quixote, fent the bad one to per* 
fccufte me too. I can't tell what to make of this mat- 
ter | for though I can take my oath, J left one Don 
Quixote under the furgeon*s hands at the nuncio's houie 
in Toledo, yet here ftarts up another Don Quixote quite 
different from mine. For my part, faid our knight, I 
flare not avow myfelf the good, but I may venture to 
lay, I am not the bad one ; and as a proof of it, Sir, be 
auur'd, that in the whole courfe of my life, I never faw 
the city of Saragofa, and fo far from it, that hearing this 
nfurper of my name had appeared there at the tourna- 
ment, I declined coming near it, being refolvM to con- 
vince the world that he was an impoftor. I dire&ed my 
courfe to Barcelona,, the feat of urbanity, the fan&nary 

D d % of 

* h the original, el Matador de las Donzellas. 
thud* e/Sacbi* Murderer ofdamjelt, inftetd of M 

304 H* lift **£ auhUvtwunfs 

of Grangers* the refuge of the dite&'d, the 
men of valour, the redrefler of the injur'd, the 
of true rriendmip, and the firft city of the work! Ik 
beauty and fituation. And though fane accidents that 
betel me there, are fo far from being grateful to my 
thought!, that they are a fenfiblc mortifications to me> 
yet in my reflection of having ieca that city, I find n)oy 
Sure enough to alleviate my misfortune t In fax*, Dm 
Alvaro, I am that Don Quixote de la Mancha, whom 
lame has celebrated, and not the pitiful wretch who hat 
ttfurp'd my name, and would arrogate to Jhimfcjf mf 
honour of my deAgas. Sir, you are a gentfenaan, andX 
hope will not deny me the favour to depole before tie ma* 
triftxats of this place, that you never law me m aM yon? 
life *tall this day, and that I am sot the Poo. Qn/otts 
mentioned m that fecoodpart, nor was this Sancho Em* 
ca my 'fquiie, the perfon yon knew foaatrly. With 
all my beast, laid Don Alvaro, though I mua\ own my* 
felf not a little confounded to find at the fame tome ton 
Don Quixote's, and two Sancho Panca's^ at different at 
their behaviour as they are alike in name ; fix- my pan* 
I don't know what to think on't, and Tan fomtrtisno) 
ipt to fancy my fenfes have been impop'd upon *. Ay, 
ay, atioth aaocho, there has been foul play to be fine* 
The fame trkk that lerv'd to bewitch my lady Dukinss 
del Toboib has been play'd you 5 and if thee* Jthovaol 
and odd laihes laid on by me on the hind pert of mi 
nelly, wou'd di£-inchant your worJhq> as well as he* 
they ihou'd beat your fervice with atf my heart; and 
what'* more, they ihouid not toft yon a farthing, J 
don't underftan4 what yon mean by tkofc Whes, &*J 
Don Alvaro* Thereby hangs a tale, <juoth Sancho, lot 
that's too long to relate at a minute's warning $ but if it 
he our luck to befellow-travelkrs, you. flaay chance O) 
hear more of the matter. 

* In the ori#na! f it *V, I am new afim-M that t hm 
aot fen what X ha* fee*, nor, inrefpta to me, ma 
nappenM which has happen'd. 


of tht rsndivn'd Don Qy i x o T B . 305 

- pinner time bring come, Don Quixote and Don Alvaro 
dln'd together 5 and the mayor, or bailiff, of the town 
Happening to come Into the inn with a publick-notary, 
Don Quixote de&Vd hjm to take the depofition which 
Pbn' Alvaro Tarfe there prefent was ready to give, con- 
felling and declaring, that the faid deponent had not any 
knowledge of the Don Quixote there prefent, and that 
the faid Don Quixote was not the fame perfon that he 
this deponent had feen mentioned in a certain printed 
hiftory, intituled, or calTd, The fecond part of Don Quix- 
ote de la Mancha, written by Avellaneda, a native of 
Tordefillaa. In fhort, the Notary drew up and en- 
grofVd the affidavit in due form, and the teftimonial 
wanted nothing to make it anfwer all the intentions of 
Don Quixote and Sancho, who were as much pleas'd as- 
& it had been a matter of the laft confequence, and that 
their words and behaviour had not been enough to make 
the diftin&ion apparent between the two Don Quixote's 
and the two SancWs. 

- The compliments and offers of fervice that pais'd after 
that between Don Alvaro and Don Quixote were not a 
few, and our knight of La Mancha behavM himfelf 
therein with fo much difcretion, that Don Alvaro was 
convinced he was miftaken 5 for he thought there was 
ibme inchantment in the cafe, fince he had thus met 
with two knights and two fquires of the fame names and 
profefiions, and yet fo very different. 
■ They fet out towards the evening, and about half a 
league from the town, the road parted into two, one 
way led to Don Quixote's habitation, and the other was 
that which Don Alvaro was to take. Don Quixote in 
that little time let him understand the misfortune of hit 
defeat, with Dulcinea's inchantment, and the remedy 
prefcrib'd by Merlin ; all which was new matter of won- 
der to Don Alvaro, who having embracM Don Quixote 
and Sancho, left them on their way, and he followed 
his own.'- 
[J*v. Don Quixote pafs'd that night among the trees 
give Sancho affair occafion to make an end of his 6' 
line, when the cunning knave put it in practice juf 

D d 3 

306 . The life and achievements 

the fame manner as the night before. The bark of 6V 
trees paid for all, and Sancho took fetch care of his back* 
that a fly might have refted there without any diftas- 

All the while his abus'd mafter was very puftcxwal in 
telling the ftrokes, and reckoned, that with those of the 
foregoing night, they amounted juft to the fura of three. 
thoufand and twenty-nine. The fun, that JeepM tn 
have made more than ordinary hafle to rife and fee this 
human facrifice, gave 'em light however to contnne 
their journey ; and as they went on, they defcanted at 
large upon, Don Alvaro's miftake, and their own pro* 
dence, in relation, to the certificate before the magi&rate* 
in fo full and authentick a form. 

Their travels all that day, and the enfuing nighty af- 
forded no occurrence worth mentioning, except that San- 
cho that night put the laft hand to his whipping-work* 
to the inexpreffible joy of Don Quixote, who waked for 
the day with as great impatience, in hopes he might 
light on his lady Dalcinea in her difinchantcd ftate x and 
all the way he went, he made up to every woman he 
ipy'd, to fee whether ihe were Dulcinea del Tobofo or 
not ; for he fo firmly rery'd on Merlin's promises* that 
he did not doubt of the performance. 

He was altogether taken up with thefe hopes aad 
fancies, when they got to the top of a hill, that gave 
*em a profpect of their village. Sancho had no sooner 
blefs'd his eyes with the fight, but down he fell on ha 
knees, and O, my long, long wim'd-for home ! cry'd 
he, open thy eyes, and here behold thy child, Sandkt 
Panca, come back to thee again, if not very full of mo- 
ney, yet very foil of whipping : open thy aims, and re- 
ceive thy fan Don Quixote too, who, though he got the 
wonft on't with another, he ne'ertheaefs got the 
of himftlt; and that's the heft kind of victory one 
wiih tor ; I have his own word for it* However, tho^_ 
I have been fwinginghr nogg'd, yet I han't loft all by the 
bargain, for I have whipp'd fomc money into my p w> frfT l 
Forbear thy impertinenee, laid Don Quixote, and let as- 
««•- ; n a decent nunntr make our entry Into the place 


tf the. rmowrfi Don QuixotfE. 307 

^f Our nativity,, where we will, give a looie to our ima- 
ginations, and lay down the plan that is to be follow'd 
in our intended pa&oral life. With thefe words they 
down thehttl, and went dire&ly to their village. 


OJtbt •minpux accidents that croft* d Don Quixote at be 
enured bis village, -with other tranfacltont that //- 
luftrate and adorn this memorable biftory. 

WHEN they were entering into the village, at 
Cid Hamet relates, Don Qoixote obferv'd two 
little boys conteffcing together, in an adjoining field 5 and 
fays one to the other : never fret thy gixsard about it, 
for thou fhaJt never fee her while haft breath in thy body. 
Pon Quixote over-hearing this, Sancho, faidhe, did you 
mind tne boy's words, Thou /bait never fee her while 
thou baft breath in thy body. Well, aafwer'd Sancho, 
and what's the great buftnefs though the boy did fay fo ? 
how ! reply' d Don Quixote, doft thou not perceive, that 
supplying the words to my affairs, they plainly imply that; 
I fliaU never fee my Dulcinea. Sancho was about to 
anfwer again, but was hindred by a Cull cry of hounds 
and hoatfacn puifuing a hare, which was put fo hard to 
her flufts, that Ihe came and fquatted down for Ad' 
juft between Dapple* s feet. Immediately Sancho 
hold of Iter without difficulty, and predated, her to 


^0? ' 7%e life and atchievemenfs 

Quixote ; but he, with a dejec"red look, refusing the 
prefent, cry*d out aloud, Malum ftgnum, malum Jignvm, 
an ill omen, an ill omen, a hare runs away, hounds pur- 
fue her, and Dulcinea is not farted. You are a ftrange 
man, quoth Sancho. Can't we fuppofe now, that poor 
pufs here is Dulcinea, the grey-hounds that followed her 
are thofe dogs the inchanters, that made her a country 
lafe*. "She fcours away, t catcfi her by thefcutf, and give 
her fafe and found into your worship's hands 5 and pray 
make, much of her now you have her ; for my -past, I 
can't, for the blood of me, fee any harm nor any ill 
luck in this matter. 

By this time the two boys that had fallen out came up 
to fee the hare ; and Sancho having' a/kM the caufe of 
their quarrel, h; was anfwer'd by the boy that fpoke the 
ominous words, that he had fnatch'd from his play-fel- 
low a little cage full of crickets, which he would not 
let hhn have again, tfpon that Sancho put his hand in 
his pocket, and gave the boy a three-penny piece for his, 
cage, and giving it. to Don Quixote, there, Sir, quoth 
he, here are all the figns of ill luck come to nothing. 
You have them in your own hands ; and though I am 
but a d under- head, I dear fwear thefe things are no more 
to us than the rain that fell at Chriftmas. I am much 
miftak-en if I han't heard the parfon of our parifli advife 
all fobcr catholicks againft heeding fuch fooleries ; and I 
have heard you yourfelf, my dear matter, fay, that all 
fuch Christians as troubled their heads with thefe fortune- 
telling follies, were neither better nor worfc than down- 
right numflculls : fo let us e'en leave things as we found 
'cm, and get home as fad as we can. 

By this time the fportfmen were come up, and de- 
manding their game, Don Quixote delivered them their 
hare. They pafs'd on, and juft at their coming into 
the town, they perceiv'd the curate and the bachelor 
Corrafco at their devotions in a fmall field adjoining. 
But we mutt obferve by the way, that Sancho Panea, to 
cover his matter's armour, had, by way of a fumpter- 
'^♦V laid over Dapple's back the buckram frock figur'd 
mes of fire, which he wore at the doke's the 


of tbi rettowttd Don Quixote. 309 

gilt that Altifidora rofe from the dead, and he had no 
~ judicjoufly clapp'd the mitre on the head of the afs, 
wliich. made fo odd and whimfical a figure, that it might 
uid, never four-footed afi was io bedizen'd before* 
curate and the bachelor prefently knowing their old 
la, ran to meet 'em with open arms j and while 
Quixote alighted and returned their embraces, the 
boys, who are ever fo ouick-fightcd that nothing can 
*icape their eyes, prefently fpying the mitred a£, came 
2-*j»ning and flocking about 'em ; oh kw ! cry'd they to 
one another, look a* there boys ! here's gaffer Sancho 
Dacca's afs as fine as a lady 1 and Don Quixote's beaft 
leaner than ever. With that they ran hooping and hol- 
lowing about 'em through the town, while the two ad- 
Venturers, attended by the curate and the bachelor, 
jnov'd towards Don Quixote's fcouie, where they were re* 
ceiv'd at the door by his houfekceper and his niece, 
that had already had notice of their arrival. The news 
having aJfo reach' d Tereia Panes, Sancho's wife, flie 
came running half naked, with her hair about her ears* 
tp fee him ; leading by the hand all the way her daugh- 
ter Sanchka, who hardly wanted to be lugg'd along. But 
-when ike found that her hufband looked a little Jhort 
of the flate of a governor, mercy o'me, quoth flic, what's 
the meaning of this, huiband ! you look as though you 
iad come all the way on foot, nay, and tir'd off your 
legs too ! why, you come liker a fhark than like a go- 
vernor. Mum, Tereia, quoth Sancho, 'tis not all- gold 
that gliflers, and every man was not born with a filver 
fpoon in his mouth. Firft let's go home, and then I'll 
tell thee wonden. I've taken care of the main chance* 
Money I have, old girl, and I came hoaeftly by it, with- 
out wronging any body. Haft got money, old boy, nay 
then 'tis well enough, no matter which way, let it come 
by hook or by crook, 'tis but what your betters have 
done afore you. At the fame time Sanchica hugging her 
frther, afle'd him what he had brought her heme, for me 
ha4 gap'd for him as the flowers do for the dew in May 
Thus Sancho leading Dapple by the halter on one &' 
Jus wife tajung him under the asm on the other, . 

310 The lift and atchlevementr 

Jus daughter faftning upon the waift-band of his breeches, 
•way they went together to his cottage, leaving Don 
Quixote at his own houie, under the care of his niece 
and hoafekeeper, with the curate and bachelor to keep 
him company. 

• That very moment Don Quixote took the two but 
afide, and without mincing the matter, gave 'cm a fliort 
account of his defeat, and the obligation he lay under of 
being confinM to his village for a year, which, like a 
true knight-errant, he was refojv'd punctually to ob- 
serve : he added, that he intended to pais that interval of 
time in the innocent functions of a paftoral life j and 
therefore he would immediately commence fhepherd, and 
entertain his amorous pafiion folitarily in fields and woods; 
and begg'd if bufinefs of greater importance were not an 
obftru&ion, that they wouM both pleafe to be Ijis com- 
panions, alluring them he Would furnitfithem with fyd\ 
a number of fheep, as might entitle them to fuch a pro- 
feilion. He alfo told 'em, that he had already in a 
manner fitted them for the undertaking, for he had pro- 
vided them all with names the moil paftoral in the world. 
The curate being defirous to know the names, Don Quix- 
ote told him he would himfelf be called the fhepherd 
Quixotis, that the bachelor fhou'd be called the fhep- 
herd Carrafcone,- the curate paftor Curiambro, and San- 
cho Panca, Panfino the fhepherd. 
• They were ftruck with amazement at this new flrain 
of folly j but considering this might be a means of keep- 
ing him at home, and hoping at the fame time, that 
within the year he might be cur'd of his mad knight- 
errantry, they came into his paftoral folly, and, with 
great applaufe to his project, freely offer'd their company 
in the defign* We fhall live the moft pleafant life ima- 
ginable, faid Sampfon Carrafco ; for, as every body 
knows, I am a moft celebrated poet, and I'll write 
paftorals in abundance. Sometimes too I may raife my 
ftrain, as oceafion offers, to divert us as we range the 
groves and plains. But one thing, gentlemen, we muft 
not forget, 'tis abfolutely neceflary that each of us chufe 
a name- for the mepherdefb he meant to Celebrate in his 

of the renown* dJDonQvixoTt. 311 

lays, nor muft we forget .the ceremony usM by the a- 
morous (hepherds, of writing, carving, notching, or en- 
graving on every tree the names of fuch fhepherdefles, 
though the bark be ever fo hard. You are very much 
in the right, reply'd Don Quixote, though for my part, 
I need not be at the trouble of deviling a name for an 
imaginary (hepherdefs, being already captivated by the 
peerlefs Dulcinea del Tobofo, the nymph of thefe (breams, 
the ornament of thefe meads, the primrofe of beauty, 
the cream of gracefulnefs, and, in (hort, the fubje& that 
can merit all the praifes that hyperbolical eloquence can 
beftow. We grant all this, faid the curate, but we who 
can't pretend to fuch perfections, muft make it our bu- 
finefs to find out fome fhepherdefles of a lower form, 
that will be good-natur'd, and meet a man half-way up- 
on occafion. ' We /hall find enow, Til warrant you, re* 
nly'd Carrafco : and though we meet with none, yet 
will we give thofe very names we find in books, fuch as 
Phyllis, Amaryllis, Diana, Florinda, Galatea, Bcliiarda, 
and a thou fa nd more, which are to be difpos'd of pub- 
lickly in the open market j and when we have pur- 
chas'd 'em, they are our own. Befides, if my miftrefs 
(my (hepherdefs I (hould have faid) be called Ann, I wiU 
name her in my verfes Anarda ; if Frances, 1*11 call her 
Francenia ; and if Lucy be her name, then Lucinda (hall 
be xnyihepherdefs, and fo forth ; and if Sancho Panja 
makes- one of our fraternity, he may celebrate his wife 
Terefa by the name of Terefania. Don Quixote could 
not forbear (billing at the turn given to that name. The 
curate again applauded his laudable resolution, and repeat- 
ed his offer of bearing him company all the time that his 
other employment wouM allow him j and then they took 
their leaves, giving him all the good advice that they 
thought might conduce to his health and welfare. 

No fooner were the curate and bachelor gone, but the 
houfekeeper and niece, who, according to cuftom, had 
been liftening to all their difcourfe, came both upon Don 
Quixote $ Blefs me, uncle, cryM the niece, what's here 
to do ! what new maggot's got into your head ? wb 
we thought you were come to (by at home, and 

312 The life and achievements 

like t fober honeft gentleman in your own houie, are 
you hearkning after new inventions, and running a wool- 
gathering after Jheep, fbrfooth ! by my troth, Sir, you*re 
fomewhat of die lateft : the com is too old to make 
oaten pipes of. Lord, Sir, quoth the housekeeper, how 
will your worfiiip be able to endure the fummer's fun, 
and the winter's fVoft in the open fields ? and then the 
hewlings of the wolves, heaven blefs us ! pray, good Sir, 
don't think on't : 'tis a bufinefs fit for no body but tbofe 
that are bred and born to it, and as ftrong as horfes. Let 
the worft come to the worft, better be a knight-errant 
ftill, than a keeper of fheep. Troth, matter, take my 
advice 5 I am neither drunk nor mad, but frcfh and raft- 
ing from every thing but fin, and I have fifty years over 
my head ; be rul'd by me ; ftay at home, look after 
ytmr concerns, go often to cofifeflion, do good to the 
poor, and if ought goes ill with you, let it lie at my 
door. Good girls, laid Don Quixote, hold your prat- 
ing : I know .belt what I have to do : only help to get 
me to bed, for I find myfelf fomewhat out of order. 
However, don't trouble your heads, whether I he a 
knight-errant, or an errant-fliepherd, you fliall always 
find that I will provide for you. The niece and maid, 
who without doubt were good-natur'd creatures, no* 
drefsM him, put him to bed, brought him fomething to 
ear, and tended him with all imaginable case. 





V o. 

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. v..»* 

a. 'r.; 

•» .* 



• Jr 

. ;J *4 



>! ««' '"jf: • 

k. ( 

■•w >". 

\%> * 

^..L. ■* 

oftherenmttdDtnQvixorE, 313 

chap, lxxiv. 

Jflrtf /^» Quixote fell Jtck,maie kit loft vxll % 

and Std. 

A S, all human things, cfpecially the lives of men, 
JjL *** tranfitory, their very beginnings being but 
fteps to their diflblution ; fo Don Quixote, who was no 
way exempted from the commonjatp, was (hatch'd 
away by death when he leaft expected it. Whether hia 
Jicknefs was the effect of his melancholy reflections, or 
whether it was fo pre-ordain'd bv heaven, mod, certain 
it is, he waaiaaM with a violent fever, that confined 
him to his bed fix days. 

All that time his good friends, the curate, bachelor, 
and barber, came often to fee him, and his trufty 'fquire 
Sancho Panca never ftirr'd from his bed-fide. 

They c<Jnjectur*d that his ficlcnefs proceeded from the 
secret of his defeat, and his being disappointed of Dul- 
cinea's .difinchantment $ and accordingly they left 
nothing uneflay'd to divert him. The bachelor begg'd 
liim to pluck up a good heart, an4 r]fe, that they might 
fcegin their paftoral life, telling him, that he had already 
writ an eclogue to that purpofe, not inferior to thpfe of 
Sanazaro, and that he had bought with his own money, 
of a fhephenl of Quintanar two tearing dogs to watch 
their flock, • the one calTd Barcino, and the other Bu- 
tton ; but tins had no effect on Don Quixote, for he 
fUU continued dejected. A phyficjgn^w^sTent for, who 
upon feeling his pulfe, did not very well like it ; ? 
therefore deuVd hun of all things to provide for his fe 
. Vw. XV. E e hea 

314 The life and achievements 

health, for that of his body was in a dangerous conditi- 
on. Don Quixote heard this with much more temper 
than thofe about him j for his niece, his hoofekeeper, 
and his 'fquire fell a weeping as bitterly as if he had Veen 
laid out already. The phyfician was. of opinion, that 
mere melancholy and Vexation had brought him to his 
approaching end. Don Quixote defir'd them to leave 
him a little, becaufe he found hiimelf inclinable to reft ; 
they retir'd, and he had a hearty fleep of about fix hours, 
which the maid and niece were afraid had been his 

At length he wak'd, and with a load voice, Bkfisd 
be the Almighty, cry'd he, for this great benefit he has 
vouchsafed to do me ! infinite are his mercies ; they are 
greater, and more in number than the fins of men. The 
niece hearkening very attentively to thefe words of her 
uncle, and finding more fenfe in them than there was in 
his ufual talk, at leaft fince he had fallen ill ; what do you 
fay, Sir, faid flie, has any thing extraordinary happen 'd ? 
what mercies are thefe you mention ? mercies, anfwer'd 
he, that heaven has this moment vouchsafed to (hew me, 
in fpite of all my iniquities. Mv judgment is return'd 
clear and undifturb'd, and that cloud of ignorance is now 
remov'd, which the continual reading of thofe damnable 
books of knight-erraritry had caft oyer my underftand- 
ing. Now I perceive their nonfenfe and impertinence, 
and am only forty the difcovery happens fo late, when I 
want time to make amends by thofe ftudies that fhouM 
enlighten my foul, and prepare me tor futurity. I find, 
niece, my end approaches ; but I wou'd have it fuch, that 
though my life has got me the character of a mad-man, 
I may deferve a better at my death. Dear child, conti- 
nued he, fend for my honeft friend the curate, the ba- 
chelor Carrafco, and mafter Nicholas the barber, for I 
intend to make my confe/fion, and my will. His niece 
was fav'd the trouble of fending, for prefently they^ all 
three came in 5 which Don Quixote perceiving, my good 
friends, faid he, I have happy news to tell you j I am 
no longer Don Quixote de la Mancha, but Aionfo Quix- 
fc he fame Whom the world for his fair behaviour hat 

of the renowffd Don Qitixote. 315* 

been formerly pleas' d to call the good. I now declare 
xnyfelf an enemy to Amadis de Gam, and his whole ge- 
neration \ all profane ftories of knight-errantry, all ro-. 
mances I deteft. I have a true fenfe of the danger of 
reading them, and of all my pafs'd follies, and through 
heaven's mercy, and my own experience, I abhor them. 
His three friends were not a little forprized to hear him 
talk at this rate, and concluded fome new frenzy had 
poflfefs'd him. What now, faid Sampfon to him ? 
What's all this to the purpose, Signor Don Quixote I 
We have juft had the news that the lady Dulcinea is dif- 
inchanted j and now we are upon the point of turning 
ihepherds, tofing, and live like princes, you are dwindled 
down to a hermit. 

No more of that I befeech you, reply' d Den Quixote $ 
all the ufe I mall make of thefe follies at prefent, is to 
heighten my repentance 5 and though they have hither- 
to prov'd prejudicial, yet by the suTiftance of heaven, 
they may turn to my advantage at my death : I find it 
comes faft upon me, therefore, pray gentlemen, let ua 
be ferious. I want a prieft to receive my confeflion, and 
a fcrivener to draw up my will. There's no trifling at 
a time like this 5 I muft take care of my foul : and 
therefore pray let the fcrivener be fent fox, while Mr. 
Curate prepares ine by confeflion. 

Don Quixote'* wprds put them *U mto fuch admirati- 
on, that they ftoqd gazing upon one another \ they 
thought they had reafan to doubt of the return of hi* 
underfhading, and yet they cou*d not help belie ving him. 
They were alfo apprehenfive he was near the point of 
death, considering the fudden recovery of his intellects } 
and he delivered himfelf after that with fo much feafe, 
diftretion, and piety, and (hew'd himfelf fo refign'd to the 
will of heaven, that they made no fcruple to believe him 
reftor'd to his perfect judgment at lift. The curate 
thereupon clear* d the room of all the company but him- 
felf and Don Qxixote, and then confefs'd him. In the 
mean time the bachelor ran for the fcrivener, and pr* 
fently brought him with him, and Sancho Panca b' 
inform' d by the bachelor how ill his maftcr was, 

E e 2 & 

Ji6 The life and achievements 

finding hie niece and houlekeeper all in tears, begin to 
make wry faces, and rail a crying. The curate baring 
beard the fide performs confeffion, came out and told 
them, that the good Alonfo Quirano was very near his 
end, and certainly in his ienfes ; and therefore they had 
beft go m, that he might make his will. . Thefe dif- 
jnal tidings open'd the Unices of the housekeeper's, the 
niece's, and the good 'fqutre's fwollen eyes, fo that a 
whole inundation of tears burft out of thefe Hood gates, 
•fid a thou (and fighs from their hearts ; for indeed, either 
as Alonfo Quhtano, or as Don Quixote de la Manchfl, as 
it has been ©bferv'd, the fick gentleman had always 
AewM himfelf fiicha good naturMman, and of lb agree- 
able a behaviour, that he was not only belovM by his 
family, but by every one that knew him. 
" The fcrivener, with the reft of* the company, then 
went into the chamber, and the preamble and former 
part of the will being drawn, and the teftator having re- 
commended his foul to heaven, and bequeathed his body 
to the earth, according to cuftom, he came to the lega- 
cies as follows. 

Item, I give and bequeath to Sancho Panca, whom hi 
my madnefs I made my 'fquire, whatever money he has, 
or may have of mine in his hands and whereas there are 
reckonings and accounts to be adjofted bet w een us, for 
what he has received and diibursM j my will and pka- 
fhre is, that whatever may remain due to me, which can 
be but fmall, be enjoyed by him as my free gift, with- 
out any let or moleftation, and much good may it do him. 
And as, when I was mad, he was through my means 
made governor of an ifland, I wou'd now, in my right 
ienfes, give him the government of a kingdom, were it 
in my power, in confideration of his integrity and faith- 
folnefi. And now, my friend, faid he, turning to San- 
cho, pardon me that I have' brought upon thee, as well 
as myfelf, the fcandal of madnefs, by drawing thee into 
my own errors, and perfuading thee that there have been 
and ftill are knights-errant in the world. Woe is me, my 
-Tafier»s worihip ! ery'd Sancho, all in team, don't die 


of the renown' d Dm Quixote. 317 

this boat, but e'en take my counfel, and live on a many 
yean } 'tis the maddeft trick a man can ever play in his 
whole life, to let his breath fneak out of his body with* 
out any more ado, and without fo much as a rap o'er the 
pate, or a kick of the guts $ to go out like the fnuff of a 
farthing-candle* and die merely of the mulligrubs, or the 
fallens. For ihame, Sir, don't give way to jQuggiihnels, 
but get out of your doleful dumps, and rife. Is this a 
time to lie honing and groaning a- bed, when we ihcu'd 
be in the fields in our fhepherd's cioathing, as we had 
xefolv'd ? ten to one but behind fome buih, or under 
tome hedge, we may find the lady Madam Dulcinea, 
ftripp'd of her incbanted rags, and as fine as a queen* 
JMayhaps you take it to heart, that you were unhors'd, 
and a little crupper-fcratched t'other day ; but if that be 
all, lay the blame upon me, and fay 'twas my fault, in 
not girting Rofinante tight enough* You know too, 
there's nothing more common in your errantry- books, 
than for the knights to be every foot joftl'd out of the 
Ijkrdle. There's nothing but ups and downs in this 
world, and he that's call down to day, may be a cock-a- 
hoop to-morrow. Even fo, faid Sampfon, honeft San- 
cho has a right notion of the matter. Soft and fair, 
gentlemen, reply' d Don Quixote, ne'er look for birds of 
this year in tfre nefts of the laft : I was mad, but I am 
now in my fenfes ; I was once Don Quixote de la Man- 
cha, but am now (as I faid before) the plain Alonfo 
Quixano, and I hope the fincerity of my words, and my 
repentance, may reftore me the fame efteem you have 
had for me before, and fo Mr Scrivener pray go 

Item, I constitute and anpoint Aittonia Quixano, my 
Hiece here prefent, fole heirefs of all my eftate both real 
and perfonal, after all my juft debts and legacies, be- 
queathe by thefe prefents, ihall have been pay'd, fatis- 
fy'd, and deducted, out of the beft of my goods and chat- 
tels ; and the firft of that kind to be difcharg'd, ihall be 
the falary due to my houfekeeper, together with twen- 
ty ducats over and above her wages ; which faid fum T 
l^ave and bequeath her to*buy her mourning. 

E & 3 It 

$r8 The Ufe and achievements 

Item, I appoint Mi Curate, and Mr Sampfon Gamfco 
the bachelor, hoe prefent, to be the executors of 
ary laft wiH and teftament. 

Item, It it my will, that if my niece Antonia _ 
"be inclinable to many, it be wkh none but aperien, who, 
upon ftric"* enquiry, ftaii be found never to have read a 
book of knight-errantry in his life ; and in cafe it ap- 
pears, that he hat been converfant in fuch books, and 
that flie periifts in her resolution to marry him, fhe is then 
toforfeit all right and title, to my boqueir, which in\fuch 
cafe, my executors are hereby hnpower'd to difpofe of to 
pious ufes, as they mail think raoft proper. 

Item, I intreat the Aid executors, that if at any time 
they happen to meet with the author of a' book now ex- 
tant, entitled, The fecond part of the achievement* of 
Don Quixote de la Mancha, they wou'd from me moft 
heartily beg his pardon tor my being undefigaedly the 
occafion of his writing fuch a parcel of impertinences as 
is contain 1 d in that book ; fqr it is- the greateft burthen 
to my departing foul, that ever I was the caufe of his 
making fuch a thing pubiick. 

Having finifli'd the will he fell into a fwooniag fit, and 
extended his body to the full length in the bed* Ail the 
company were troubled and alarm'd, and ran to his affi- 
rmance : however, he came to hhnfelf at laft : but relapsed 
into the like fits almoft every hour, tor the fpace of three 
days that he hVd after he had made his will. 

The whole family was in grief and confufton ; and yet, 
after all, the niece continued to eat, the housekeeper 
drank, and waih'd down forrdW $ and Sancho Panca 
made much of himfelf : for there is a ftrange charm in 
the thoughts of a good legacy, or the hopes of an eftate, 
which wonderoufly removes, or at leaf* alleviates, the 
forrow that men would otherwife feel for the death 
of friends. 

In fhort, Don Quixote's laft day came, after he had 

made thofe preparations for death, which good Chriftians 

ought to do j and by many frefh and weighty argument*, 

^ his abiwrren<x of bcK>k8 of kmght-errwitry. The 


of the renown" d Don Quixote, 319 

icrivener, who was by, protefled he had never read in 
any books of that kind of any knight-crrant.who ever 
dyed in his ted fo quietly, and like a &U Ghriftian, as 
Don Quixote did. In inert, arnklit the tears and lamen- 
tations of his friends, he gave up the ghoft, or, to 
ipeak more plainly, died ; which, when the curate per- 
ceiv'd, he defir'd the fcrivener to give him m certificate, 
how Alonib Quixano, commonly csuTd The Good, and 
fometimes known by the name of Don Quixote de la 
Mancha, was departed out of this life into another, ami 
died a natural death. This he defired, left any other au- 
thor but Cid Hamet Benenfeli mould take occafion to 
raife him from the dead, and prefume to write endlefe 
tuAories of his pretended adventures. 

Thus dy'd that ingenious gentleman Don Quixote de 
la Mancha, whofe native place Cid Hamet has not 
thought fit directly -to mention, with design that all the 
towns and villages in La Mancha mould contend for the 
honour of giving him birth, as the. fevan cities of Greece 
did for Homer. We /hail omit Sancho's lamentations, 
and thole of the niece and the housekeeper, as' alfo fe- 
deral epitaphs that were made for his tomb, and will 
only give you this which the bachelor Cajrrafco awfed to 
be put over «• 


32Q *Tbf life and (achievement* 



Don Quixote's Epitaph, 

TH E body of a knight lies here, 
So. brave f that to bis lateft breathy 
Immortal glory was bis care, 

And makes him triumph over death > 

His looks fprtad terror every hour ; 

Hefinomo opproffion to controul ; 
Nor cxoid all boil's united pow'-r 

Subdue or daunt bis mighty foul \ 

Nor has bis death the world decervd 

Lefs than bis wondrous lifefwpriz'd f 
For if he like a madman liv'd, 

At haft he like a wife one dfd. 

Here the fagadous CM Hamst addrefling himfelfto his 
pen, O thou my (lender pen* (ays he, thou, of whofe 
knib, whether w«H or ill cut, I dare not (peak «y 
thoughts! fufpended by this brafs-wire, remain upon this 
fpit-rack where I lodge thee. There may'ft thou claim 
a being many ages, unlefs prefumptuous and wick'd hifto- 
rians take thee down to profane thee. But e*re they lay 
their heavy hands on t|iee, bid *em beware, and, as well 
as thou can* ft, in their own (tile, tell 'em, 


* Avaunty ye fcoukdrels, attandfome / 

Vm kept for nofucb thing. 
Ptjile me not : but bang yourfebues \ 

Andfo godfave the King, 

# Tate, tate, Sollonzicos, &c, words borrowed from 
'4 romance, fays Don Gregorii in the ajutbor*s life. 


*f the renown'J Don QtnxoTfc. p.t 

For me alone was the great Quixote born, and I alone" 
for him. Deeds were his talk, and to record 'em, mine* 
We two, like tallies for each other ftruck, are nothing 
when apart. In vain the fpurious fcribe of TordefiUas* 
dared with his blunt and bungling oftridge-quill invade 
the deeds of my moft valorous knight : his moulders are 
unequal to th' attempt : the talk's fuperiox to his frozen 

And thou, reader, if ever thou can'ft find him out in 

his obfcurity, I befeech thee advife him likewife to let 

the wearied, mouldring bones of Don Quixote, reft quiet 

in the earth that covers 'em. Let him not expofe *em 

in Old CaiHle, againft the fan&ions of death, impioufly 

raking him out of the vault where he really lies ftretch'd 

out beyond a poflibility of taking a third ramble through 

the world. The two Tallies that he has made already 

(which are the fubject of thefe two volumes, and have 

met with fuch univerfal applaufe in this and other king* 

doms) are fufficient to ridicule the pretended adventures 

of knights-errant. Thus advifing him for the beft, thoa 

ihalt difcharge the duty of a Chriftian, and do good to him 

that wiihes thee evil. As for me, I muft efteem myfelf 

happy, to have been the firft that rendered thofe fabulous 

nonfenfical ftories of knight-errantry, the object of the 

publick averfion. They are already going down, and f 

do not doubt but they will drop and fall all together in 

goodearneft, never to rife again. Adieu* 


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