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Digitized by V:iOOQIC
27th engineers, U. S. A.
PUBLISHED BY THE
ASSOCIATION OF THE 27th ENGINEERS
and presented to the members of the Regiment as a record
of their services in training in the United States and
in fighting with the American Expeditionary-
Forces in Europe in the Great War
against Germany and its Allies
FEB 2 1923 J /
Cousin Jack Speaks for the 27th Engineers
I 'as 'eld up my h'own on a muck-stick,
An* I naws 'ow to crib up a raise;
An' all other phases of minin'
I've done well, for I naw that it pays.
In 'andlin' a jack or a burley.
Or in cutting a post for a set.
You'll find that I naws all about it.
For 'twas minin' come first, you can bet.
Then the war, with its fright and its 'orrors
Come along. An' they sent out their call
For miners. There's no doubt about it
They was needed — we h 'answered — that's aU.
D. E. Charlton.
■ Digitized by
This history is a composite production. 1 drafted the skeleton
of the accounts of organization, preliminary training and demobiliza-
tion, and Lieutenant Burrage, who was appointed regimental his-
torian, did that for the overseas service. Then several officers, but
especially Major Norcross and Major Franklin, wove into the story
accounts of things with which they were especially acquainted, while
Colonel Perry furnished a good deal of material and reviewed the
whole. I have been the editor.
W. R. Ingalls.
Digitized by VnOOQlC
Colonel Oscar B. Perry
THE 27th engineers UNITED, STATES ARMY
The 27th Regiment of Engineers, U. S. Army, was organized under
the provisions of an order from the War Department dated Aug. 15,
1917. This order called for the organization, "for the period of the
emergency, the enlisted strength being raised and maintained by
voluntary enlistment or draft,'' of certain special and technical engi-
neer troops, among which was specified a mining service, consisting of
regimental headquarters and six companies. The Regiment was or-
ganized and trained as a combatant regiment, for duty in the front
lines, its specialty to be military mining, both offensive and defensive.
Actually, because of a change in the character and conditions of war-
fare, its most effective work was done in another field, viz., the construc-
tion of bridges in the forward areas, in which work the men's experience
in heavy-timber construction was invaluable.
In 1917 the military operations on the western front were still in
the deadlock stage of trench warfare and mining and countermining
were actively prosecuted all along the front. The immense importance
of the mining service had been impressed upon the officers of General
Pershing's staff by their observations along the Front, which began
immediately upon their arrival in France. The result was the inclu-
sion of a mining regiment in the recommendations for special units,
which recommendation was adopted and made effective by the order
above referred to.
The work of organization, equipment, and recruiting of the special
engineer units was done by officers of the Corps of Engineers, under
the direction of the Chief of Engineers at Washington, D. C. A num-
ber of Reserve Officers were ordered to duty at Washington to assist
in this work, among others Oscar B. Perry, then a captain in the Engi-
neers' Reserve Corps, who had just completed the officers' training
course at Plattsburg and American University. Captain Perry, who
was soon promoted to the grade of major, and later became the com-
manding officer of the Regiment, was given the work of laying out the
equipment for the mining regiment, and later its organization and
recruiting, and he thus had the formation of the Regiment in hand
practically from its inception.
The first published news of the 27th Engineers was in the form of a
telegraphic dispatch, dated at Washington, Oct. 31, 1917, from Major
Perry to the Engineering and Mining Journal, as follows :
We are today mailing to mine managers throughout the country an appeal for aid in securing
volunteers for mining service in France. Our letter contains the following announcement:
"The Engineer Corps of the United States Army has been authorized to raise by voluntary
enlistment a special mining regiment to consist of six companies of 250 men each and to be known
as the 27th Engineers, National Army. The regiment is now being recruited. The first company
has been formed and is in training at Camp Meade, Md. This regiment is to be made up entirely
of picked men from the various mining sections of the country. All trades and occupations in and
LlEUT.-COLONEL M. E. GiLMORE
around a mine wUl be represented and each company w^ill have a sufficient number of men skilled
in each trade to enable it to operate as a unit. The work to be done is purely military in character
and what is known as first-line work consists of the preparation of underground shelters for the
fighting troops and the placing of explosive mines. This work requires a high degree of skill in
rapid tunneling construction and involves the handling of all sorts of material from clay and chalk
to hard rock. In addition to the regular engineer equipment each company will be provided with
special tools such as tunneling and boring machines, drills, compressors, hoists, lighting sets, etc.
While most of the work of the 27th Engineers will be underground mining, the regiment will be
trained to fight as well as to mine. The commanding officer will be a regular-army engineer officer,
the remaining officers of the regiment being largely drawn from the mining engineers who have
volunteered their services and who have been given the necessary military training at the officers'
training camps. The 27th Engineers offers a great opportunity for the miners of this country to
show their skUl and courage. Any experienced mining man who wants first-line service in France
is urged to enlist at once."
The Engineering and Mining Journal added to this:
'*We urge upon mine managers their hearty cooperation in recruiting
this mining regiment which will be the special representative of the
mining industry at the front in France/' At the same time was
instituted a Comfort Fund for the purpose of providing the men of
the Regiment with athletic material, *' smokes," and other things to
help them along.
Recruiting for the Regiment went on apace. This was done
through the office of the Chief of Engineers, by advertising, and by
appeals that were mailed to mines and mine operators throughout the
country, asking their cooperation and assistance in getting recruits.
Experienced miners, both hand and machine drillers, muckers, tram-
mers, timbermen, tracklayers, pumpmen, hoistmen, blacksmiths and
tool sharpeners, electricians, machinists, carpenters, surveyors,
timekeepers, cooks, shift bosses, mine foremen and topmen comprised
the classes of men who were sought especially.
Requests in large numbers were received at the War Department
for officers' commissions in the 27th Engineers. It was stated offi-
cially, however, that no commissions would be granted in this manner.
Major 0. B. Perry had, as early as December, 1917, a list of more
than 40 mining engineers who had secured commissions after their
merit had been thoroughly demonstrated in the regular officers'
training camps. It was contemplated that many other names prob-
ably would be added to this list, which was expected to be more than
adequate to furnish officers for the units to be formed before there
should be opportunity to select those best qualified from the ranks.
The appointment of officers was made thus by merit and not a few
men who enlisted as privates received commissions, some of them
before the Regiment went overseas.
At this point mention may be made of the principal officers of the
Regiment, although some of them did not join until the organization
was in France. Oscar B. Perry, who went over as commanding officer,
with the rank of Lieut. Colonel, returning as Colonel, had previously
been a distinguished mining engineer and general manager of the
Yukon Gold Co. Captain Edwin S. Berry, adjutant, was a very well
known mining engineer who had been for many years associated with
the enterprises under the direction of Pope Yeatman. Captain Berry
was detached from the Regiment just before the St. Mihiel offensive
and served at advance headquarters in charge of supply dumps during
the St. Mihiel, Argonne and Meuse offensives, performing highly
efficient and important work. Lieut. Colonel M. E. Gilmore, who
took command of Companies D, E and F, after Companies A, B and
C had gone over, was a veteran of the Cuban War and was a civil
engineer who had been connected with the construction of the Panama
Canal. Captain Norval J. Welsh, who went over in command
of Company A, was a mining engineer. After he had been relieved of
his command, Lieutenant Buckingham Miller became the commanding
officer of this company. Captain Ward Royce, commanding Company
B, was a mining engineer. Captain F. S. Norcross, commanding
Company C, was a mining engineer, who had been superintendent of
the mine of the Canada Copper Corporation in British Columbia.
After Captain Norcross received his majority, Lieutenant Keelyn
Major Wilson G. Wood, M. C.
Major W. B. Noble, D. C.
became the commanding officer of this company. Captain R. E.
FrankUn, commanding Company D, was an electrical engineer, who
had been superintendent of the power and hydraulic plants of the
Yukon Gold Co. After Captain Franklin received his majority, the
command of this company was assumed by Lieutenant Burnside.
Captain C. B. Brown, commanding Company E, was a mining engi-
neer, who had previously had military experience in the PhiUppines.
Captain H. L. Jacques also was a mining engineer. He commanded
F Company until September, 1918, when he became Regimental
Supply Officer, and Captain Tallant, who had been assistant superin-
tendent of the Braden Copper Co., in Chile, succeeded him in the
command of this company. Lieutenant Searight of B Company had
a separate detachment during the major part of the time in France
and was promoted to captaincy in February, 1919.
The first step in the actual physical organization of the Regiment was
made on Oct. 23, 1917, by the transfer of about 75 men of Company
F of the 23d Engineers, which had many men experienced in various
phases of the mining industry, to the 27th Engineers, at Camp Meade,
Md. This formed the nucleus of Company A, whose full quota of 250
men was finally reached on Dec. 20, 1917. During this time training
was conducted energetically. It consisted of infantry drill, physical
drill, ceremonies, mine-rescue work, first-aid work, field fortifications
and activities of a similar nature. Capt. Norval J. E. Welsh, who had
been appointed to the command of Company A, acted temporarily as
commanding officer of the Regiment.
With the advent of January, 1918, affairs began to assume a more
definite form. Major Perry was promoted to Lieutenant-Colonelcy
and on Jan. 29, 1918, was assigned to the command of the Regiment.
First Lieut. C. J. Mampel was ordered from duty in the office of the
Chief of Engineers, in Washington, to Camp Meade to join the regi-
ment, and similar orders were issued to First Lieut. A. F. Victor, of the
513th Service Batallion, and to First Lieuts. J. M. Jenkins and H.
D. Kinney, who had been stationed at Camp Lee, Virginia. Capt.
Edwin S. Berry, a very well-known, very competent and very popular
mining engineer, was also ordered to duty with the Regiment and was
immediately appointed by Lieut.-Colonel Perry to be his adjutant.
Captain Henry L. Jacques
Captain Edwin S. Berry
Captain John W. Balch Captain George P. Searight
The First Battalion
Lieut. Colonel Perry formally assumed command of the Regiment
on Jan. 31, 1918. It was decided to make the first presentation from
the Comfort Fund upon this occasion, so a fine outfit of athletic mate-
rial for indoor and outdoor use, of games such as checkers, dominos,
and cards, together with a stock of cigarettes and smoking tobacco,
was purchased. In order to present these things to Company A at
assembly on Jan. 31, it became necessary to move quickly. Conse-
quently, the goods were purchased in Washington by Lieutenant
Mampel. Mr. Manning, director of the U. S. Bureau of Mines, who
took a great interest in the Regiment, kindly furnished a truck to take
the cases to Camp Meade, thus insuring prompt delivery.
At assembly Lieut. Colonel Perry, who had just arrived at Camp
Meade, offered his greetings to his men in some brief well-chosen
words, described the organization of the Comfort Fund, and introduced
Mr. W. R. Ingalls. Mr. Ingalls told the men that he spoke in behalf
of the mining industry. He said *'the men forming the regiment were
a part of the mining industry of the country. They had come out of
that industry and would come back to it. In the meanwhile the
industry was going to be thinking about them and was going to back
them up." Miners have special traditions, he said, among which are
the ideas of sticking together and being efficient. The Twenty-
seventh, as an engineering and miniixg regiment, was a unit that was
bound to be a crack regiment in a crack corps and it could count upon
aid from the industry whence it came. The industry itself would
have pride in it. Following Mr. Ingalls, Captain Trounce, of the
oflSce of Chief of Engineers, who served for 18 months with a mining
company of the British Army, described mining conditions at the
On Feb. 1, Company B was organized by the transfer of all of the
men in the Recruit Detachment — the regimental reservoir — and on
Feb. 18, Company C was organized in the same manner. Company
A, with a small sanitary detachment, left for Camp Merritt on Feb.
Captain Claude D. Brown Captain Ward Royce
Captain John D. Tallant Captain Chester J. Brady, M. C.
Digitized by VnOOQlC
16 and on Feb. 27 most of the company sailed on the S. S. *' Agamem-
non;'' 60 men who were held in camp under quarantine owing to an
outbreak of mumps followed on the S. S. '^La Touraine'' on March 14.
For a while the recruiting of Companies B and C proceeded but
slowly and both officers and men, who were anxious to get to the front,
became impatient. Renewed efforts were made to obtain volunteers,
who especially were desired. Mine managers all over the country
were requested to interest themselves in filling up the ranks. By this
time the Regiment had been equipped with rifles, had become pro-
ficient in the manual of arms and exhibited all the appearances of a
well-trained regiment. Company A was provided with mining tools,
portable machinery, etc., in a way that was considered superior even
by veterans from abroad.
As rapidly as men were received, direct from the mining camps
throughout the country, or from the training camps where they had
enlisted, they were placed under Captain Franklin, who had charge
of the Recruit Detachment, and taught the elements of infantry drill.
As soon as this preliminary training was completed, the men were
transferred to B and C Companies, in about even numbei's, and con-
tinued their training with those companies. While at Camp Meade,
the 27th was called on for its proportion of the camp engineering work,
and did its work so well that it became in great demand. The prin-
cipal part of the work consisted in the building of the gas training
trenches, construction of dugouts for gas work, repair of bridges, cul-
verts and roads, and construction of a snipers' rifle range.
Companies B and C were finally brought up to full strength and
more, by May 29, and their preliminary training was rushed. They
were given substantially the same training as Company A, with the
addition of two weeks at the Naval Academy Rifle Range at Annapolis.
On the rifle range at Annapolis, the men proved themselves to be natu-
ral rifle shots, the scores averaging high, and many of the men quali-
fied for marksmen; a few for expert rifle men.
Companies B and C received their marching orders very soon and,
leaving behind a large body of men to form the nucleus of the second
battalion of the Regiment, entrained at Camp Meade on June 28, 1918,
with Lieut. Colonel Perry, half of Headquarters, and half of the
Sanitary Detachment, under Major Wood, the chief medical officer
of the Regiment. These companies arrived the following day at
Hoboken, boarded the S. S. '^Siboney'' and sailed on June 30, 1918.
These companies, like Company A, were provided with athletic outfits
out of the Comfort Fund and each man received a farewell gift
of cigarettes and tobacco.
Lieutenant G. B. Kjnkead
Lieutenant Jambs L. Keelyn
Lieutenant Lewis E. Burnside Lieutenant Harold K. Smith
Digitized by VnOOQlC
Before Lieut. Colonel Perry sailed with Companies B and C he
discussed with Mr. Ingalls the matter of providing the Regiment with
the instruments for a band out of the Comfort Fund, engineer regi-
ments not being furnished with bands by the Government. Lieut.
Colonel Perry made the modest request for 16 pieces, which was
promptly granted. However, owing to some delay Companies B
and C had to depart without them. The Association, in subsequent
conference with Major Gilmore, thought that it would be well to give
the Regiment the 36 pieces for a full regimental band, which was
done. Players were selected from Companies D, E and F, who were
so eager to make the music that they agreed to carry the instruments
in addition to their regular packs. Chaplain Kinkead interested
himself in guiding affairs, music was provided out of the Comfort
Fund, and before this battalion embarked the band was performing
very creditably. From that time onward the band was an important
factor in all the activities of the Regiment, and did splendid service
in relieving the tedium of the dreary period while the Regiment was
waiting to come home. After the arrival home, upon the disbanding
of the Regiment, the Association presented to each member of the
band the instrument that he had played.
The Regimental Band
The Second Battalion
After the departure of Companies B and C from Camp Meade
in June, 19|8, those oflScers and men who had been left behind
under Major M. E. Gilmore to organize the Second Battahon
buckled down to their work with the one idea of joining the first
Battalion in France as soon as possible. On July 1 Company D
was organized by the transfer of 100 men and four officers from
the Recruit Detachment, under Capt. R. E. Franklin. On July 5
At Camp Meade
headquarters were moved from Camp Meade, Md., to Camp Leach
at American University, Washington, D. C. An active recruiting
campaign was at once started to bring the Battalion up to full
strength as soon as possible. A recruiting party was sent into the
mining districts of southwestern Missouri, Kansas, and Oklahoma, and
a large number of desirable men was obtained there. These men, with
drafts from the Army schools of mining at Rolla, Mo., and Houghton,
Mich., formed the nucleus for companies E and F. Company E was
organized with 150 men on July 16 under Capt. C. D. Brown, and Com-
pany F on July 24 with the same number under Capt. H. L. Jacques.
Recruits came in so fast that by Aug. 10 there was a large surplus from
which to select the men needed to bring the Battalion to full strength.
Miners came from all parts of the continent; placer miners, hard rock
men and coal miners; gold miners from Alaska and CaUfornia; cop-
per miners from Montana, Colorado and Arizona; iron miners from
Michigan; zinc and lead miners from Kansas and Missouri, and coal
miners from Pennsylvania. Mechanics of all kinds came from the
various Army trade schools and from every state in the Union As
the Battalion was under orders to prepare for embarkation as soon as
the organization was complete a most strenuous course of instruction
for both officers and men was inaugurated and carried out daily in spite
of a temperature of around 100° F. in the shade. This heavy drill
rapidly eUminated the physically unfit and the three companies soon
rounded into shape. Companies D and E each spent a week at the
Naval Rifle Range at Glenburnie, Md., where some exceptionally
fine rifle records were made. These companies left the range with
the highest shooting score ever recorded there, over 70 per cent, of the
men being rated as marksmen and 30 per cent, as sharpshooters. On
Aug. 20 four of the men of the Regiment who had gone to Officers'
Training Camp from Camp Meade rejoined as 2nd Lieutenants, namely
lieutenants Green, Greenan, Butner and Guiteras. These oflScers
completed the organization, which consisted of three companies of 250
men each, a detachment of regimental headquarters men and a Sani-
tary Detachment, with the following officers :
Lt. Col. M. E. GUmore
Capt. J. W. Balch
1st Lt. H. K. Smith
1st Lt. C. J. Mampel
2d Lt. J. O. Greenan
Chaplain G. B. Kinkead
Capt. R. E. Franklin
iBt Lt. W. K. HiUyard
1st Lt. L. E. Burnside
2d Lt. C. E. G. Wikoff
2d Lt. W. O. Green
2d Lt. E. C. Groener
Battalion Personnel Officer.
Battalion Supply Ofl&cer.
Battalion Transportation Oflficer.
Companies B and C at Camp Meade
Capt. C. D. Brown
1st Lt. C. M. Pearce
1st Lt. H. D. Kinney
2d Lt. W. &. Squibb
2d Lt. D. J. Butner
Capt. H. L. Jacques
1st Lt. G. S. Denithorne
Ist Lt. J. A. Atkins
2d Lt. W. M. Lahy
2d Lt. J. R. Guiteras
Capt. J. C. Brady (Medical Corps)
1st Lt. L. Segal (Medical Corps)
1st Lt. W. Fuller (Dental Corps)
On Aug. 21 the Battalion left Camp Leach for Arlington, Va., to
entrain. The march was made under full packs and a broiling sun, and
with new stiff shoes and equipment was one of the hardest tests the
Battalion had undergone to this time. The trip to Camp Merritt,
N. J., in regular coaches was the Battalion's last experience with plush
seats for many a long day. Arriving at Camp Merritt a long siege
of examinations and inspections commenced immediately. Nothing
was overlooked and at the conclusion of the final inspection it could
truthfully be said that every man and every piece of equipment was
perfect. This was the Battahon's first introduction to the "miUtary
haircut " and many a wonderful ''pompadour, " "college cut " and ''foot-
ball special" went down in ruins. Many a man ruefully surveying
the result afterward wondered whether he actually looked Uke that
or was it the fault of the *^darn tin mirror.*' An official report by the
inspecting officer of the camp stated that this battalion was the best
equipped outfit that had yet passed through Camp Merritt. The
regimental band had been organized while the battalion was at Camp
Leach and at Camp Merritt it played good music. The same outfits
of athletic material, tobacco, etc., was given to these companies as to
Under the plan adopted by the War Department for the shipment
of troops, the different organizations throughout the country. were
recruited, trained, and sent overseas in ^'phases," each phase being
made up of a given number of troops of the different services. Under
this arrangement there was provided space enough for only a limited
number of special engineer units in each phase. This lack of space
resulted in the splitting up of a number of units and the sending of
regiments overseas piecemeal, so to speak. Thus A Company was sent
alone in the first phase, B and C Companies in the second phase, and
D, E and F, comprising the Second Battalion, in the third phase.
The result was that the Regiment was not united and serving as a whole
until the Argonne-Meuse offensive was well under way, in October,
On account of the different lengths of service of the different com-
panies of the Regiment, it is necessary to deal with the activities of
these companies separately. Of the entire Regiment, A Company
alone arrived in France while the armies were still entrenched and
trench warfare was still the order of the day. By the time B and C
Companies arrived, the great German offensive had been sprung, and
the Foch counter-offensive was under way; trench positions had been
abandoned, or were being used for temporary shelter only; the war
of movement was on, and mining warfare, including all forms of
underground work except temporary entrenchment, was at an end.
Thus it was that the 27th, which had been intended for mining work in
underground operations, was thrown into other forms of engineering,
finally to establish itself as the bridge building regiment of the First
Army Engineers. The only dugout work done was by A Company,
on the Toul Sector, and by C on the Vesle. The other activities of
the Regiment embraced road building, quarry work, water supply work,
light railway construction and maintenance, and finally, the bridge
building operations, in which the Regiment reached its greatest effi-
ciency and established itself in the annals of the A.E.F. The train-
ing of the men in underground timbering, and their knowledge of
heavy construction, proved invaluable for the construction of the
heavy bridges needed for the Army transport, and in this department
alone the miners more than justified their organization as a special
Returning to the narrative of company operations; Company A
debarked at Brest on Mar. 11, 1918, and after four days' rest at the
Pontanezen barracks entrained for Jorquenay, a village near Langres,
in the Department of Haute-Marne, where the men were joined on
Apr. 9 by the part of the company that had been delayed by quarantine
in leaving New York. At Langres the company was attached to the
Army Engineers' School, and spent five months constructing model
field fortifications, erecting camouflage, building roads, and acting as
instructors in mining and pioneering. Although comfortably situated,
the men chafed at the delay in reaching the front, for during this en-
tire period only one detail, sent under Lieutenant Edmondson to re-
pair dugouts on the Toul sector with, the 26th Division, had any
^* excitement," this being in the form of a severe bombardment by high-
explosive and gas shells, which did not, however, result in any casual-
ties. While at Langres Company A had the honor of forming the
escort of the body of the lamented Capt. John Duer Irving, 11th
Engineers, whose funeral took place on July 23, 1918.
On Aug. 7 Company A left Jorquenay for Baccarat, Meurthe-et-
Moselle, and worked under the direction of the 26th Engineers on
water supply for the front areas. This service involved the construc-
tion and repair of reservoirs and pipe lines, and the installation of
pumping systems. One detachment of 180 men, under Lieutenant
Edmondson, was ordered to Griscourt and served on the advance
throughout the St. Mihiel offensive, which began on Sept. 12 and termi-
nated on the 17th. This water-supply work was. of great importance
in the offensive, and the company earned for itself the commendation
of the Chief Engineer, First Arniy, for its part in this achievement.
From Griscourt and Baccarat the company was ordered to Les-Islettes-
en-Argonne, and its further activities will be described under the
Debarking at Brest on July 13, 1918, Companies B and C, with the
first half of Headquarters, spent four days at Pontanezen barracks.
During the stay at Pontanezen barracks the two companies showed
advance signs of the resource and confidence that was to carry them
through the hard places of their field campaigns. Although the last
of the thirty odd thousand troops to debark, they were fortunate
enough to draw good billets inside the barracks, when the surrounding
fields, low and wet, were filled with other troops in "pup" tents. But
while fortunate in this respect, they had scant luck in drawing camp
equipment. However, in two days they had the most complete set
of culinary and kitchen requirements in camp. Big stoves made of
brick with sheet iron tops and stove pipe rapidly appeared, together
with other articles, all *' borrowed'' from various outfits in much the
same manner that the fire wood was obtained. The wood ration was
" PuNKiNs," The Regimental Mascot, with W. H. Hall, Company C.
based on French practice plus U. S. Army Book formulae; as a result
the first day's issue lasted nicely — for breakfast. Something radical
was necessary if dinner and supper were to be served. Two squads of
men were pressed into service; the first squad marched to the woodpile
and began to load, the guard stopped them, they surrounded him and
argued while squad No. 2 loaded up at the back of the pile. That self
preservation is the first law of nature had been learned by these men
in civil life and it proved a big help. Nothing that they needed was
safe unless it was "hot" or "nailed down."
In their quest for action Companies B and C were destined to be
more speedily rewarded than Company A had been, for they had
reached France in the midst of the great Chateau-Thierry offensive,
where America was bending every effort to break the backbone of
the German drive toward Paris. Companies B and C were at once
assigned to the Corps Reserve, First Army Corps, and on July 20,
seven days after reaching France, marched into the Belleau woods,
near the villages of Epaux and Buire, wh^re they acted, until Aug. 1,
as reserve infantry. Here they received their first shelling, from which,
with good fortune, they escaped unscathed, and here they learned to
don their gas masks for every automobile horn (a very popular time-
killer with green troops). The march of the two companies up to the
front was conducted at night, to avoid enemy observation, and under
"secret" orders, which led to many surmises as to the ultimate desti-
nation. On this march the men learned the necessity of reducing the
size of their packs, and numerous bundles of personal belongings found
their way back to headquarters at Saacy.
Companies B and C, having been assigned to the Corps Reserve,
First Army Corps, received their marching orders after being only
four days at Pontanezen barracks. The original intention had been
to detrain the companies and regimental headquarters at La Ferte
sous Jouarre, but the railroad station at that point was destroyed by
an enemy airplane raid on the night of their arrival, and the train was
sent on to the railhead at Nanteuil, where the companies detrained at
three in the morning, with occasional enemy shells exploding around the
station, making a sort of Fourth of July celebration in honor of their
arrival. No member of this small command is Ukely soon to forget his
introduction to the battle area at the start of a great offensive. The
sky was lighted on all sides by the flash of the guns, and the roar was
incessant. It was a quiet and subdued bunch of soldiery that marched
off in small groups (with hundred feet intervals between to avoid
casualties from a stray shell) to be introduced to the first of a long
series of billets in French towns. The Httle town of Saacy-sur-Marne
narrowly escaped destruction, but its buildings were, for the most part,
intact. The men were billeted in cellars, courtyards, and barn lofts,
where they soon made themselves comfortable. The officers were
quartered in the houses of the town, which, small as it was, did every-
thing possible to make officers and men comfortable.
The two companies were scarcely settled and '^packed away" in
Saacy when the captains were hastily summoned to headquarters and
received orders from Lieut. Colonel Perry that they were to move out
in five hours under full fighting equipment for Paris Farm. The
column was to move at 11 p.m. and had to reach its destination by 6
a.m. — a night march, as day troop movements were forbidden on
account of enemy airplane observation. The fact that they were
ordered up as reserve infantry disturbed no one — then — and lack
of knowledge of what was happening beyond Paris Farm helped make
the preparations more Uke a picnic than otherwise.
Officers of Company B at Saacy-sur-Marne
This first march was probably the most momentous and at the
same time most instructive performance that these outfits '^pulled off"
while in sunny France. Before it was over the ^^ sunny" part had
become decidedly ^^ gummy," the two captains had been labeled
^^punk pathfinders," and the constant stream of passing ambulances
full of wounded had substituted reality for imagination with appalling
suddenness; men who had been slyly dropping off ammunition cUps
to Ughten their load decided that tin bacon cans and extra shoes were
much less important and promptly switched.
Seven long wet hours were spent on this four-hour hike, and the
detachment arrived, that is most of it, just in time to draw a nice wet
swampy woods for a temporary camp. The string of stragglers came
in unmolested by the MiUtary PoUce at the crossroads, for no Boche
aviator could have reported them either as soldiers or missionaries.
But they were learning fast. That night at 10.30, messengers from
the C. 0. of the Reserve Unit to which B and C Companies were
attached passed the word that they were to move out at midnight
by trucks and in Ughtest marching order. It was something special
when trucks were sent for transportation of troops, so everybody took
two gulps and began throwing away excess equipment. Insufficient
trucks for the four companies of regulars and B and C Companies of
the 27th arrived, so C Company had to hike, and as usual it rained.
The six companies — B and C being attached to four companies of
regulars, 2nd Trench Mortar Battalion — went into camp in the woods
near Buire. This woods was overgrown with underbrush and full of
broken limbs from stray shells. The soil was '^ mucky " and in order to
keep the men busy during the day the command — B and C Companies,
not the regulars — decided to ^'police up." The men gathered all the
brushwood and dead limbs in neat piles and finding excellent white s£|,nd
nearby, laid out some nice paths to '^kill" the mud. Several German
machine guns were brought in, repaired and tried out. Some 9000
rounds of ammunition was brought in from the field, as well as 7500
rounds of U. S. rifle ammunition. The machine guns were set up on
sentry posts and the U. S. cartridge clips served as an excuse to hunt up
a rifle range in a sheltered gully and start practice. All these ideas
met with prompt opposition. A cranky Headquarters Colonel
stopped the rifle practice, the C. O. of the Regulars in the detachment
made sKghting remarks respecting the visibility of the woods after its
cleaning and arrangement with the nice white paths. The machine
guns opened up that night on a Boche plane flying low. It returned
later with a companion and bombed the woods, but not this part.
This episode also drew some caustic remarks from the C. O.
It was here that Lieut. Keelyn of C Company ''felt" his first shell.
While talking with some nearby French troops a shell hit near them.
The French dropped like stones, but not Lieut. Keelyn; he didn't
know enough. The French were much struck with his bravery and set
him up some free wine. They would have taken it back if they had
seen him a little later when the camp was shelled The Boche happened
to land three 210 mm. shells (8 inch) right in the middle of the camp and
along the main path. Fortunate^ they were ^'duds" but the men
didn't know it. All grabbed gas masks and looked for shelter, and there
were some very comical incidents. Pup tents, four-inch trees, wicker
chairs, bedding rolls and typewriters were chosen for protection, mess
kits and tin hats were used for shovels, and those who jumped into the
kitchen refuse pit had to be rolled in the creek later in sections. But
when the shelUng became heavier the men were better prepared and
knew what to do, as evidenced by the fact that Captain Noble, the
dental officer, went to sleep in a three-man dugout and woke up with
a whole squad packed on him.
On Aug. 1 the two companies returned to their headquarters at
Saacy, rested there a week, and on Aug. 8 separated, Company B
reporting to the 14th Engineers at Trugny, where the company con-
structed a narrow gage railroad bridge over the Ourcq River. They
returned to Saacy, and on Aug. 19 left, with the Regimental Head-
quarters, for Neufchateau, in the Vosges.
After a week's rest at Neufchateau, Company B left Headquarters,
operated a large engineer dump near loul for about two weeks, and
from then until Sept. 18 worked with the 26th Engineers on water-
supply service in the forward areas of the St. Mihiel district. During
the progress of this famous offensive (St. Mihiel), one detachment, at
Thiaucourt, was heavily shelled, and one man was gassed. Lieutenant
Searight distinguished himself by a search, under heavy shellfire, for
men who had lost their way.
Company C also left Saacy on Aug. 8 as Third Corps Engineers
and marched to Fere-en-Tardenois, where it was used in clearing the
railroad yards of explosives, mined tracks, etc. Here it received orders
to move to the vicinity of Dole, about four kilometers back of the Vesle
River, then the American front Une. The woods in this neighborhood
were full either of living or dead, and the Uttle village of Dole, com-
posed of some 10 houses in fair shape, was vacant, probably because
it was at the crossroads and in the open. However, C Company
officers decided that if given two quiet days they could make it safe
in spite of its undesirable location, and they did. The men were
distributed and told to dig in, and in a short time the village was full
of tunnels, winzes and raises from house to house. It was this work
that brought the company to the attention of the artillery outfits of
the 32nd and 77th Divisions and gave them their chance to do some
real work under fire.
One observation post was put in for the second French Army on
the left and several for the 305th Field Artillery on the hights of the
Vesle River between Fisines and Bayoches. The work was much
exposed and great care was necessary in disposing of the dirt excavated
in order to preserve the original landscape. Working parties often could
not begin work until 10 p.m. and had to stop before 3.30 a.m., as it
was essential that these places be hidden and unknown to the Boche.
Many times working parties were treated to the wonderful sight
of night actions. The spit and racket of the rifles and machine guns
near them, with the blue flares and star shells intermingled, behind
them the colored Ughts and signals of their own artillery observers
directing the barrage, and back of that the Ught and heavy gun flashes.
Across the river in the distance the flare and flash of the Boche rifle
and artillery in return, and oftentimes a couple of Boche planes droning
over the front areas and dropping flares or "sighters'' for their own
artillery, for the Germans owned the air on this front, and all had to
It was in this sector that C Company had its first casualties and
experienced severe and prolonged shelling. On Aug. 21, one man was
wounded severely and three men sUghtly. The truck drivers learned
to time the German shells and never stop on crossroads, all but one,
who stopped in Chery Chartreive, and he was promptly shoved aside
by a private who tore away on ** high. " Even though it was a sergeant
that was dumped in the road, the private was not reprimanded.
Here also the men had their first use of the *' skirmish" commands.
A working party in Chery Chartreuve on bridge repair was shelled
heavily. The corporal in charge of the two squads became nervous,
finally placed his tools on the ground, pulled his tin hat over his ears
and said ''Follow me." According to reports they did, but only one
man, an ex-collegian, ''staid with him," in the race for camp. The
dent in the corporal's hat, claimed by him as a "hit" was, according
to report, the result of a colUsion with the back of a motor they passed
on the way in.
Company C was chosen to build three of the nine frame bridges
over the Aisne for the approaching offensive, in September, and had
F Company of the 14th Engineers (a U. S. Regiment that won honors
with the British) assigned to it to help in the construction. The
French took over this sector Sept. 8 and after that all American troops
were sent on their way south for the Argonne offensive. Company C
moved by marching and by train, arriving at Dombasle, near Verdun,
on Sept. 21.
Digitized by VnOOQlC
The Argonne OflPensive
Before the start of the Argonne offensive, on Sept. 26, there being no
special bridge troops available. Companies A, B and C of the 27th
Engineers were selected as bridge troops for the First Army, because of
their experience in similar work and their knowledge of timbering and
heavy construction. Company C was moved over from the Vesle
front, and was available at Dombasle; Companies A and B were
brought in from the St. Mihiel district and stationed at Les-Islettes
and Clermont-en-Argonne. Regimental Headquarters had been
established at Clermont on Sept. 22, and was maintained there until
after the signing of the armistice on Nov. 11. Clermont was at
that time under shellfire, and one man of Company B was shghtly
wounded here on Sept. 22. Headquarters men and officers had
their first experience under more or less continuous fire. The
shelling lasted with few interruptions for three days and three nights,
and the town of Clermont provided little protection except the few
cellars in the shattered buildings which still remained standing. The
men of the headquarters detachment showed their ability to stand
the gaff, and learned to dodge the H.E. shells as well as their more
experienced comrades. Major (then Captain) Noble here had his
first experience with shelUng, which he decided was somewhat out
of his line. A number of hits close to the headquarters building were
registered, but it escaped by a narrow margin.
On Oct. 4, Lieut. Colonel Perry was appointed Assistant Engineer
of Light Railways and Roads, under Colonel E. D.Peek, who after-
ward became Chief Engineer, First Army. Included in this depart-
ment was the Bridge Section, to which Companies A, B and C had been
assigned. Following the appointment of Lieut. Colonel Perry, the
Bridge Section was reorganized. Major MacGlashan, formerly of the
112th Engineers, and in civil life an engineer of the New York Central
Railroad, was placed in charge of the bridge design and reconnaisance
work, and Major (then Captain) Norcross was placed in charge of the
field work of the three companies. On the arrival of the Second Battal-
ion, Companies D, E and F were also assigned to the Bridge Section.
Under the administration of Lieut. Colonel Perry, backed by the splen-
did work of the companies, under the field direction of Majors Nor-
cross and Franklin, the Regiment was given its opportunity and made
its reputation as an efficient engineering unit.
On Sept. 26 A, B and C Companies entered on a most intensive
program, and from that time onward their activities were so varied
and their moves so numerous that it is possible here only briefly to list
their movements and their work.
Digitized by VnOOQlC
Pile Highway Bridge at Varennes
Company A. — Sept. 26, frame-trestle crater bridge near Boureuilles;
considerable shelling; two men wounded by German mine. Sept. 27,
road construction with 23d Engineers near Varennes. Sept. 28,
repair of plate girder bridge across Aire River; heavy shelling. Sept.
29, road repair near Charpentry; one platoon, under Lieutenant White,
was called upon to stand to as infantry, to repel a German counter
attack, one man being killed and four wounded. In this encounter
Lieutenant White and his men showed considerable resource and abiUty .
One platoon of men of Company A was at work on bridge repair when
an infantry field officer pressed them into service and ordered Lieu-
tenant White to gather every available man in the vicinity and move
forward to a position on the reverse side of the hills north of Cheppy.
Ultimately some 200 men were assembled, including doughboys,
ambulance men, field clerks, and labor troops, and moved forward.
During the next 12 hours some 40 odd casualties occurred, five of which
were in the platoon of A Company. Three moves were made during
the night, each time in the direction of the enemy. In spite of heavy
casualties. Lieutenant White and his men held their positions until
dawn, when they were relieved.
October 8-9, the company was engaged on the repair of a bridge at
Cheppy. From October 10-16, it was occupied with culvert construc-
tion on the building of a pile railroad bridge over Braniere Creek and a
pile highway bridge over the Aire River. During the entire period
spent near Varennes, the company was under fire. On Oct. 3, one
man was killed in camp by a practically direct hit. On Oct. 16,
Captain Welsh was reUeved of his command and Lieutenant Miller
was placed in charge of the company. October 1 7-23, the company was
at work building a large two-way highway bridge over the Aire River
at Chatel-Chehery, working under enemy observation and fire. This
bridge was the first difiicult and really neat job that A Company con-
structed, and was the forerunner of the excellent work that it was to do
later. The Aire River crossing at this point was 81 ft. from abutment
to abutment of the old bridge. One pier of the old bridge was intact
the other had to be rebuilt. The ^' clear" spans, three in all, were 23
ft.; the only available timber was 8 X 8 — 16 ft. long. An A-frame
structure was devised for each span, and resulted in a bridge which was
not only serviceable but very pleasing to the eye. Although built for
light loads, it later carried some of the heaviest guns and tanks.
October 21-25, Company A was building a frame trestle bridge
over a mill race at LaForge. November 3-5, it was occupied with
bridge repair at St. Juvin. November 5-9, it built and repaired three
railroad bridges near Grandpre. These three bridges, Uke many others
constructed by the Regiment, were last minute '^ hurry up" jobs.
One was a railroad grade crossing, the other two were pile trestle
bridges, one of which was 180 ft. long and required four complete
center bents and five shore bents. The height of the bridge was 18 ft.
above water line. AH these bridges were a part of the light railway
system which was to carry rations to the 1st and 5th Corps. Speed
was absolutely essential, and a time limit was set. The situation rapidly
developed into a race between the railway engineers and the 27th,
and as usual the 27th won out. In spite of reports by various head-
quarters reconnaisance ofiicers that these bridges could not possibly
be completed on time, the men ^'turned to" and just 1 hour and 50
Bridge over Crater At Varennes
Bridge across Meuse River at Vilosnes
minutes before the hour set they were ready for the rails. This set of
bridges really numbered four in all. No. 4 bridge was across a gully
a mile from the A Company group, and was not discovered until 3
p.m. on the day preceding that on which the railway was to pass,
giving just 21 hours for construction. Messengers were rushed to
Lieut. Colonel Perry's headquarters, with the requisition of suppUes
and timber, and at midnight they were unloaded from the cars at
Grandpre, some four miles from the bridge head. A platoon from
Company B, under Lieutenant Hill, had been routed out, and the
timber was trucked over, unloaded, and packed in to the place of work.
At 5 a.m. work started. The bridge was built on a curve and was
95 ft. long and 12 ft. high. At 4 p.m. it was ready for the rails, just
t\yo hours ahead of the time limit.
From Nov. 11 to 14 a large highway bridge across the Meuse river
was built at Vilosnes. This structure was the largest and most preten-
tious of all those constructed by the Regiment. The Meuse River
runs in low lands and swamps, and the crossing at Vilosnes required
four separate bridges: one over an arm or creek, about 60 ft. in width,
the second 188 ft. long over the main channel, and called *^No. 2," the
third over a canal, some 24 ft., and the fourth over a mill race some 30 ft.
wide. The bridges had been destroyed by the German rear guard, and
thie crossing was a mass of stone, timber and rail, damming up the river.
The American Army required a crossing for heavy artillery and
tanks, and selected Vilosnes as a site, and allowed five days for the
construction of the crossing. Unfortunately the 27th field oflicers
did not receive orders until the morning of the second day and were
caught with A Company at Grandpre behind the extreme left flank,
with B Company at St. Juvin, and C Company at Consenvoye al-
ready on repair work. A and B Companies were moved by truck to
Vilosnes, and F Company was detached from the 2nd Battalion and
moved to the Meuse sector, with headquarters at Brieulles, to work
north. One platoon of C Company, under Lieutenant Burrage, was
moved to Vilosnes. A Company, under Lieutenant Miller, with one of
the platoons of C Company, was assigned to the center on No. 2 bridge.
F Company had the No. 1 and No. 3 bridges, and one platoon of the
308th Engineers, assigned to the 27th temporarily, took bridge No. 4.
The No. 2 bridge was the important link. It was 19 ft. above water
level, and the requirements called for an axle load of 30 tons. Work
was started at dawn on the morning of the third day, and while the
wreckage was being cleared, 12 trucks were despatched for timber. To
be safe, plans were made for an A-frame bridge in case no 22 ft. 8 X 16"
stringers could be found, and the necessary supplies and timber were
ordered. This policy was a common one, for the timber was seldom
at the place wanted, and no one could tell in advance just what eize
might be available. So the Regiment played safe with a second plan,
as an anchor to leeward, for "excuses don't go" in the Army.
Six hours sufficed to clear the river and construct runways between
the old piers and abutments for the workmen. At this point it was
discovered that the old pier bases, repaired after the Franco-Prussian
War, were hollow and undercut by the stream. German cement in
bags was drenched in the river, and used to patch and build, some 1100
Bridge over the Meuse, at Vilosnes
sacks being required. By this time timber \yas arriving and the real
construction began. On Thursday night at 10 p.m., about nine hours
before the time hmit, the four bridges were ready for the first cannon.
The actual time consumed was less than three days.
On Nov. 16, A Company was moved east of Verdun to do road work
and put in a pile bridge over a mine crater. Before this was completed
a rush order came to construct a standard gauge railroad bridge for
American engines and cars over creek and low ground at Etain.
Colonel Spalding, then Chief of Engineers of the First Army, gave the
order. In leading up to this request it might be mentioned that he first
asked for a time estimate on the work. The space between abutments
being 140 ft. with no piers left and a maximum load requirement
necessary, it appeared hke a real job, so an estimate of three days was
given. Colonel Spalding laughed, said he was Colonel ''Take a
chance" and that the bridge must be finished by 2 p.m. the next day
and asked ''Can you do it.'' The answer was an aflGirmative, and the
27th was ofif on its last big job.
Trucks were commandeered and stolen, and rushed off for crib
timber, etc. A messenger was sent to the rear with an order for the
heavy superstructure timber, and a platoon of A Company men was
sent out to clean up and lay hnes. The work started at 8 p.m. and at
2 p.m. the next day, just 18 hours elapsed time, the bridge was in.
It was composed of seven cribbed piers, extra heavy, and built with a
two wall batter and two center bents of 12 X 12 timber. The top
was standard construction with three 8 X 16 in. stringers in each
chord or girder and ties 16 in. centers with every sixth tie dapped and
bolted and all others drifted. The rush on this bridge was to finish in
time for the rail layers, and they were four hours late. One of the A
Company men had printed a sign which read '* Here's your bridge;
where the hell's your old railroad?" It is not certain whether or not he
stuck this up.
Company B. — Sept. 26-27, this company undertook a two-way
frame trestle bridge over the Aire River. From Sept. 27-Oct. 3, it
was busy with bridge and road repair near Boureuilles. The repair of
this bridge was the first' rush work that B Company did, and was
excellently handled. The third arch of the masonry bridge had been
destroyed and the second or center arch was in imminent danger
of collapse. It was' necessary therefore to make the repair arch act as
Bridge at Grand Pre
a "shore" for the center arch as well as a crossing support. Nothing
but a miscellaneous mixture of 6-in. and 8-in. timber as the largest
size was available. The men were called on late at night, and the
bridge was completed and ready for traflSic in the morning.
Between Oct. 4 and 14 another stone bridge near Boureuilles was
repaired and a two-way highway bridge was constructed over the Aire
River at Apremont. The bridge over the Aire was originally a 3-arch
masonry structure, each arch spanning 50 feet. The river was full
of broken rock and as the crossing was very important and under
direct observation, there was no time to be ''finicky" about standard
foundations, etc. Reconnaissance was made under heavy fire, the day
before work was begim and measurements obtained. The following
day, two platoons of B Company began construction. Requirements
called for a 15-ton axle load, and the height above water was 16 ft., a
rather large structure to erect in such an advanced place. A light foot
bridge for troops and machine gun battalions, of the 28th Division was
put up before starting on the main structure.
The work was much exposed, lying in the center of the Aire Valley
and in full view of Boche observers, with a big German balloon hanging
in plain view on our left. The 28th Division was directly in front,
but on the left flank the 77th Division front was not advanced, which
made a flank, almost rear, fire possible. Infantry dressing stations
had been established on both sides of the bridge for the 28th Division,
and subsequently came in very handy for the 27th. As an indication
of the severity of the shelling, it might be mentioned that a battery of
six light field guns on the right flank nearer Montobainville was com-
pletely demoUshed and forced to quit in 30 minutes after going into
In spite of these disadvantages the men showed excellent spirit and
initiative, and went ahead with their work. Gas shells often caused a
halt, but H. E. shells and shrapnel did not delay work as much. Long
range machine guns sniping caused trouble, and on one occasion a
Boche air raid put the ''goose flesh" on everyone's back. As the
men were wounded, they were carried to the dressing stations on
either side, in stretchers, or by a Dodge car which was parked 200 yards
away in the woods.
An attempt was made by Sergeant Fuller to locate the machine gun
sniping. He stood on the center pier to draw fire, and when nothing
occurred waved his blouse and was promptly shot through the trousers
leg. It might be mentioned here that Sergeant Fuller, a veteran of
the Boer War and an ex-regular, did remarkable work and was an
example to all by his bravery and resource. Sergeant Plughoff and.
Corporal Mohler also won great credit, and in fact all the men per-
formed splendidly. It is not easy to work under fire; a chance to fight
back helps immensely. One man had a very remarkable escape.
With a ''buddy" he was sawing a 10 X 10 timber which lay across
another "stick" on which sat two more men. A high explosive shell
struck right in the center of the four men, all in a close circle, blowing
in the back of one man's head, Sergeant Hooper, cutting off the leg of
another, who died before help could be reached, put six bullet holes
in the third (he lived and was none the worse), and never touched the
fourth man, who stood directly in front of the shell and not five feet
from where it hit.
An interesting incident occurred during the work which showed con-
clusively that there were times when "real grub" meant more than a
1 _ .
' >VVVlv ' \
Highway Bridge No. 3 at Grand Pre
gamble with ''hot steel/' During one of the more intense periods, a
doughboy runner from the 28th Division crawled into the lee shelter
of a pier to ''take five'' (a rest and smoke). He informed the men
that he had just had the "all firedest best damn meal" in France at
the dressing station, 300 yd. on the right, which meal had been sent up
by the evacuation hospital nurses in an ambulance. This didn't draw
much interest, but when he began to mention macaroni and cheese,
mashed potatoes, roast beef, hot chocolate, cake, cigars, candy and
deep apple pie, "Oh Boy " they sat up and listened. It didn't sound
true, for the station was a clearing place for the doughboys and was
Railway Bridge at Apremont
rushed to death, shelled constantly, and full of wounded Germans as
well as Americans, waiting their turns in the Uttle Ford ambulances.
Finally Sergeant Fuller and one of the oflBicers deciding to "get in on
the feed" started across, and without any exaggeration the doughboy
spoke the truth. Before the day was over half the working party had
made the trip, but only the first two mentioned got pie, the last two
pieces. "Here's good luck" to those Varennes nurses.
While carrying on this work, two men were killed outright. Two
died from wounds, one was seriously wounded and eight were sUghtly
wounded; but in spite of the extreme danger, every man on the job
worked with splendid spirit. Two of the men who were killed were on
Bridge at St. Juvin Bthlt by B Company
Between Oct. 16-20, Company B constructed a permanent masonry
bridge at Boureuilles. Oct. 20-30 it built a series of pile trestle
bridges over the Aire River and Buanthe Creek for transportation of a
243-ton naval gun. Nov. 1-6, it repaired bridges at Baulny, Fleville,
Grandpre and Cornay, and constructed a bridge and repaired roads
and culverts at Apremont. Between Nov. 7 and 10, it repaired a large
bridge at St. Juvin and small bridges at Briquenay and Beffu-et-la-
Morte-Homme. The St. Juvin bridge was another one of the jobs that
was worth while and showed the versatility of the 27th. A large double
truck steel girder bridge across the Aire had been demolished and
immediate passage was required. The original steel box girders had
been blown down and it looked like a long job, but it was actually com-
pleted in less than two days. Patch piles and cribbing were put in,
poles and rigging put up, and the heavy steel girders lifted back and
forth, the wreckage to the discard, the good to the new bents and
Nov. 13-15, Company B repaired a pile bridge at Sivry-sur-Meuse.
Nov. 16-25, it constructed a large railroad bridge at Wiseppe and
repaired culverts on railroad bridges between Wiseppe and Stenay.
Company C. — Although a part of the bridge section. Company C
was assigned to work with the 22d Engineers on Sept. 26, grading and
putting a narrow-gage railroad Hne to connect the French Hne at
Esnes (Department of Meuse) with the German Unes at Montfaucon,
over ground that had been for four years a ^'No Man's Land.'' By
Oct. 15 four kilometers were put in good condition and turned over to
Bridge at St. Juvin
the 21st Engineers for maintenance, together with several sidings, a
section house, and a ballast quarry. During this period the company
furnished many loading details, operated locomotives, and sent two
details to division areas to repair and operate Boche gas railroad trac-
tors; and in several emergencies hand-trammed the heavy freight cars
of ammunition and rations for several miles when the locomotives
failed. Oct. 15-25, re-ballasted French railroad from Dombasle to
Esnes. Oct. 25-Nov. 8, operated large ballast quarry near Bethelain-
ville. Oct. 7-Nov. 11, mined bridges and guarded road mines and
explosives at Les-Islettes, Futezu, and Crois-de-Pierres. Oct. 17-
Nov. 9, constructed a large railroad bridge at Forges, built to hold a
load of 243 tons and designed to handle the big 16-inch "pea shooters"
of the U. S. Navy. B Company also had two bridges in the Aire
Valley to hold a similar load. The Forges Bridge was in the advanced
area and subject to considerable shelling but no one was hurt, except
Sergeant McDonald's feelings when he was discovered driving some
wedges under the 8 X 16 stringers to raise the grade. Wedges,
Bridge at Consenvoye across the Canal
"Dutchmen" for blocking, ''shims," etc., were great favorites with
the 27th Engineers for all ailments, and it took half the war to get
them out of the habit.
Bridge at Consenvoye
During this period, Company C also constructed and repaired roads
and cleaned up destroyed bridges near Forges. Bridge reconnaisances
were made along the front from Consenv^oye to Dun-sur-Meuse. It
uigiTizea oy 'v^j v/v>*"
was during this period that a detail led by Lieutenant Burrage encoun-
tered a German patrol, respecting which more is related further on.
From Nov. 10-22, the company repaired a pile highway bridge at
Bridge at Consenvoye
Consenvoye, and two-way bridges over the Meuse at Vilosnes and a
two-way bridge over the Meuse Canal. Nov. 24-27, highway bridges
Bridge at Baulny
at Dun-sur-Meuse were repaired, and Nov. 28-Dec. 3, the company
guarded bridge mines at Foidos and Lavoye, while details pulled mines
from bridges in the vicinity of Verdun.
Digitized by VnOOQlC
OVERSEAS SERVICE, SECOND BATTALION
On Aug. 31 the second Battalion again took up their packs and
marched to Alpine Landing on the Hudson River where they embarked
for New York. At Pier 54 after a welcome *^hand out" of sandwiches
and ice cream from the Red Cross they embarked on the S. S.
'^Nevasa.'' The ^^Nevasa," an 8000-ton, British P. & O. Uner of the
Indo-China run, under charter to the Cunard Company, was one of a
number of ships suppUed by the British Government for transport
service. She still carried her original Lascar crew who were a source
of much amusement to the men. With accommodations for 1800 men
she carried besides the three companies of the 27th Engineers a battal-
ion of the 802nd Pioneer Infantry, two mobile laundry units and some
casuals, all under command of Major Patterson of the 802nd. For
submarine defense the ^'Nevasa" carried a 6-in. rifle on a stern plat-
form, a crew for which was suppUed from among the ex-naval men of
As each man came aboard he was assigned to a billet and given a
life preserver which became part of his uniform from then on. Sleep-
ing accommodations consisted of hammocks which were slung or spread
wherever room could be found. Transports for Europe at this time
were crowded with every man they could hold and the ''Nevasa''
was no exception. From the lowest hold to the upper decks men were
packed in Uke sardines. The food suppUed by the Cunard Company
was by the terms of their contract the equivalent of the British ration.
The unanimous opinion of the 27th was that if this was what the British
tommies were fed it was no wonder they fought as they did as that
^^grub" would make anyone fighting mad.
Shortly after embarkation was complete the "Nevasa" dropped
down off Tompkinsville where the convoy assembled and on Sunday
morning, Sept. 1, the fleet, with a battleship and destroyer escort,
started on the long trip ''Over There.'* Everyone was on deck and
with aeroplanes, observation balloons and a big Navy metallic dirigible
overhead, and destroyers, torpedo-boats and sub-chasers on all sides
their last glimpse of New York was a sight long to be remembered.
The trip across was "enlivened'' by several hours of boat drill
daily. On account of the Umited space available other drills and
exercises were almost impossible. A large waterspout caused a sub-
marine alarm to be sounded one day and several ships opened fire
before it could be definitely determined just what the strange object
was. It was finally broken by shots from the U. S. S. '^Montana''
which was acting as escort to the convoy. Several other waterspouts
immediately formed, there being six in sight at one time. The con-
voy took the ''Great Circle Route" to the north, passing through the
Banks of Newfoundland and coming within 200 miles of the coast of
Iceland. A zig-zag course was followed the entire distance, no Ughts
were permitted and no rubbish which might float was allowed to be
thrown overboard. The regular ship's sentries were reinforced by Army
sentinels posted all around the ship on submarine lookout. The
Y. M. C. A. men aboard the ship furnished books, magazines, writing
paper and a moving picture machine which with the 27th band greatly
helped to break the monotony of the trip. On Sept. 9 Lieut. F. P.
Brown of the 802nd Pioneer Infantry died of pneumonia and was
buried at sea, this being the only death en route. On Sept. 12 the
convoy arrived off the northern coast of Ireland and was met by an
escort of nine British destroyers, an observation balloon and a number
of what were known as ''mystery ships.'' These mystery ships were of
peculiar construction, some with guns hidden by false sides and some
with both ends of the ship exactly alike and so camouflaged that it was
extremely difficult to tell which way they were headed. Our American
warship convoy turned back at this point. Owing to the presence of
enemy submarines orders were received to split the convoy here, the
slower ships, incJi^dingthc'^Nevasa, "ri)"' ing for the nearest port, which
was the Firth of Clyr j, and the^ farC:^; ships running for Liverpool.
That evening the ''Nevasa" a/ter sfeirting close in along the north
Irish coast anchored ofl Grenock, Scotlajx,^, and early the next morning
proceeded up the River Clyde to Glasgow. The trip up the river
past the great steel works and ship building yards was a sight which
brought everyone on deck. These were the first U. S. transports to
land at Glasgow and they received a royal welcome.
Coming across the Atlantic there were 13 ships in the convoy.
They were 13 days on the way and they landed on Friday the 13th with
luck still with them. Shortly after noon the BattaUon disembarked
and in heavy marching order, with the band playing and colors flying,
marched through the streets of Glasgow to the Caledonian Railway
station. There they were received by a notable assembly which
included General Robertson and stafi of the British Army, The Lord
Mayor and Lord Bishop of Glasgow and ladies, and Samuel Gompers
of the American Federation of Labor. The Red Cross served cakes
and coffee and distributed cigarettes and matches while a Scotch band
in kilties gave an exhibition of Highland music that, as one of the men
remarked, '* would keep you marching till you dropped."
Embarking in two trains of little English compartment coaches the
next leg of the journey through Scotland and the length of England was
made in comparative comfort. On Sept. 14 the battaUon arrived at
Romsey, in southern England, and marched to a *^rest camp" a few
miles out of town. Here it went into camp under canvas and over
mud. Just why this was called a *'rest camp" is unknown but possi-
bly because one did everything but rest there. Romsey itself was a
typical English town with many interesting old landmarks.
After a bath and part of a night's rest Companies D and E again
shouldered packs and started for Southampton Docks. This 14-mile
march was taken in easy stages with several halts. In Southampton
the girls made concerted attacks on the column and several officers
and men were almost abducted. At Southampton docks the two
companies boarded the side-wheel channel steamer ^' Monads Queen"
for Le Havre, France. Company F left Romsey the next day and
proceeded to Southampton by the same route as the other companies.
There it boarded the S. S. "Harvard" formerly of the San Francisco-
Los Angeles run. During the Battalion's short stay in Scotland and
England it was everywhere treated with the greatest consideration
and one and all retain pleasant memories of their visit. Save for a
submarine alarm ofl the Isle of Wight the trip -across the Channel was
uneventful and early morning of Oct. 16 found them tied to a dock in
Le Havre. - .-^: ;
The Battalion disembarl 'at 7 A.M. and inardh^d through the
city of Le Havre to Rest Cainp'^INa. 1, Base feoc^idn No. 4, on the hill
above the city where it again went into tents. Owing to the crowded
condition of the camp it wsti'ttecessary to assign 12 men to each Httle
circular tent which really had room for about four men. To get all
twelve under cover it was necessary to leave their feet and all other
baggage outside, the men sleeping like the spokes of a wheel. After
the first night it was decided that this "Rest Camp" had been chris-
tened by the same people who named Romsey. Company F arrived
the next day but before they had time to unpack came the order
'^SUng packs.'' A four-mile hike landed the BattaUon at the railroad
yards where it had its first introduction to the famous "40 hommes-8
chevaux" cars of the French railway system. Provisions of bread,
canned corned beef, beans and tomatoes for four days were put aboard
each car and the jaunt across France started. Through Rouen,
Mantes, Versailles and the outskirts of Paris, Sens, Tonnerre, and
Dijon they jolted, arriving at Is-sur-Tille on Oct. 19. Here a 12-hour
stop was made and everyone had a chance to realize while looking at
the miles of freight yards and hundreds of warehouses biiilt there by
the U. S. Army just what a tremendous job Uncle Sam had on hand;
The receiving and distributing yards at Is-sur-Tille built by the United
States comprised at this time the largest freight terminal in France^
At 5 p.m. the 27th's special started for Charmoy-Fays-Billot, a small
station in the Department of the Haute Marne about 20 kilometers east
of Langres. After another night in the train the Battalion marched
to the little village of Charmoy. Here it had its first experience
with French billets which in this case consisted principally of hay lofts,
stables, sheds and attics. In this tiny farming village, within sound
of the heavy guns of the Alsatian front, but entirely off the main routes
of travel, the BattaUon settled down and proceeded to try to make it-
self comfortable. Bunks were built, kitchens and a bath house erected
and the village brought into a somewhat more sanitary condition.
The BattaUon's final course of intensive training was entered on here in
preparation for the front Une. Shortly after its arrival the epidemic
of influenza, which was raging all through this part of France, broke
out and spread rapidly through all three companies. The Medical
Department under Capt. Brady, handicapped by lack of medicines
through the non-arrival of the heavy baggage and swamped by the
number of sick, successfully fought the epidemic and finally stamped it
out. The more serious cases were transferred to the Base Hospital
at Langres where five men of the Battahon died of pneumonia. On
arrival of the Battahon in Charmoy it was met by the Zone Y. M. C. A.
man. On learning the number of men and their probable stay he
immediately got busy with the result that in three days there was
erected a large tent with a canteen, tables and benches for writing, a
big stove and a moving picture machine. Thereafter at frequent
intervals he staged both moving pictures and vaudeville. The French
population never missed an act of either. During the time spent in
Charmoy the most cordial relations were maintained with the civil
population. On their departure the Mayor presented a letter to the
commanding oflBicer expressing on behalf of himself and the people of
the village their appreciation of the conduct of the men and stating
that there had not been one complaint made against any man of the
Battalion during its entire stay.
On Oct. 19 the Battalion received word that it had been assigned
to the First Army and was to proceed to Clermont-en-Argonne at once.
Entraining on Oct. 22 it traveled through Langres, Chaumont, St.
Dizier and St. Menehould to Clermont where it arrived Oct. 24.
While not within range of the German guns at this time Clermont-en-
Argonne was the recipient of nightly air raids as many headquarters
were located there and it was the temporary rail head for the army
along the Aire. The town itself was a mere heap of ruins as it had been
under fire for years. The Battalion got its first taste of war immedi-
ately on arrival as two air bombs destroyed the track just ahead of its
engine and within 100 yards of the station where it was to detrain.
Company D went into camp near Clermont and Companies E and F
at Camp Thibaudette near Les Islettes. The Headquarters and Sani-
tary Detachments joined Regimental Headquarters in Clermont.
On Oct. 25 the three companies were inspected by the Regimental
Commander, Lieut. Colonel Perry, who gave them a short talk on con-
ditions at the front and the work they were to be called on to do in
connection with it. The three companies of the First Battalion were
at this time scattered over a wide area at the front and it was expected
that the companies of the Second Battahon would be similarly placed,
with Regimental Headquarters at Clermqnt. At Clermont the band
instruments were stored '^for the duration of the war'' as bands, or
even a bugle, were barred beyond there.
On Oct. 25 the three companies were assigned to general construc-
tion in the First Corps Area under Capt. Franklin. On Oct. 26 they
broke camp and marched to their appointed locations and were not
reunited till the homeward bound orders were received in December
Company D. — Breaking camp on Oct. 26 two platoons of Company
D under Lieut. Hillyard proceeded by truck to a camp location on the
hill above the town of Apremont on the Aire River. They made a
temporary camp in *^pup tents" and started the work of clearing
wrecked dug-outs and building new ones at once with the object of
getting the entire company under cover as soon as possible. Their
location was under fire of heavy German batteries on the heights to
the east and beside the occasional shells which fell in the vicinity at
odd hours they received a special ^^ bouquet" every evening about sun-
set. These were the first platoons of the Battalion to come under
shell fire. As the first shells dropped, apparently out of a clear sky,
all eyes were searching for the enemy plane responsible. After search-
ing in vain for some time it was finally decided that ''he must be a
long way up." It was not until a shell fell into a bunch of artillery
horses and mules near the Apremont bridge that they realized that
they were really within range of Fritz's guns. At this time no one
had learned to duck artistically into the mud when someone shouted
''down" and everyone was afraid he would overlook something if he
stopped rubbering for an instant. The remaining two platoons of
Company D left Clermont on foot on Oct. 27, making camp that night
after a march of 18 kilometers on a hill just north of Varennes. Early
the next day they joined Lieut. Hillyard's platoons at Apremont and
the "veterans" of two nights' shelling were soon telling the newcomers
how it felt. Company A of the 807th Pioneer Infantry which had been
attached to Company D as labor troops joined them at this time also.
Work was immediately started on leveUng and clearing a large camp
site at this point which it was intended should be constructed as soon
as the German guns had been driven out of range. Numbers of de-
moUshed dug-outs in the neighborhood were cleared out and repaired
and "pup tents" were soon being rapidly forsaken for underground
shelters, as in addition to the shells air raids were of daily, or rather
nightly, occurrence. Material for the repairs and construction was in
the meantime being gathered from various German "dumps" recently
captured in that vicinity. Some of these salvaging expeditions had
rather close calls as everyone had grown careless about coming under
observation of enemy batteries. Needing some iron and heavy tim-
bers which had been located in the huge German dump at St. Juvin
a supply detail under Lieut. Green drove a motor truck openly into
the dump and started to load timber. Several times previously parties
on foot or on motor cycles had looked through this dump without draw-
ing fire, but when the truck appeared German batteries of 77's on the
hills across the river opened up at once. Fortunately there were some
excellent German concrete dug-outs close at hand and no one was hit.
Eventually they were able to fill their truck and get away safely.
On Oct. 29 Company D received orders to make a reconnaissance
of the entire First Corps area with the idea of estimating the number
of men who could be put into winter quarters in the many German dug-
outs and other shelters still intact in the Argonne Forest. The re-
connaissance was to be completed by Nov. 1 with all shelters and their
approximate capacity located on maps of the region. This area was
extended from the original front Une south of Varennes to the existing
front line north of Grandpre, with orders to go as far forward as pos-
sible. Owing to the extent of the area and the limited time available
the territory was divided on the map into small sections and 50 re-
connaissance parties or patrols were sent out, each of which had at
least one engineer or draftsman with it. The entire Argonne Forest
was covered and much valuable information obtained. Several parties
went "as far forward as possible" and a little further, in their eagerness
to see what was going on ''up front."
On Oct. 30 it was decided that the camp site at Apremont was un-
tenable and would have to be abandoned. Information was received
that the camp on the hill above Apremont had been "spotted" by
the enemy and was liable to bombardment at any time. Both Com-
pany D and the company of Pioneer Infantry were therefore moved at
once to a more sheltered position in Jervaux Gulch a short distance
south. About three hours after the departure of the companies their
old camp site was Uterally "wiped off the map" by heavy shell fire.
The same evening the new camp at Jervaux Gulch was subjected to
"high burst" fire, heavy shells bursting high in the air and scattering
fragments over a large area. Although very spectacular, little damage
ensued. At Jervaux Gulch a new camp site was laid out under the
shelter of the north hill. A small German narrow gauge railway was
repaired and put into operation, a quarry opened for road and rail-
road ballast, bridges built and preparations made for extensive con-
struction work. Portable buildings and lumber were hauled by truck
and narrow gauge railway from the rail heads at Varennes and Les
Islettes. The big advance of Nov. 1 had pushed the German batteries
back out of range and the work proceeded without interruption until
Nov. 5 when orders were received to cease construction. Three large
barracks were practically complete and the foundations in for several
others when it was decided that as the First Army was swinging to the
east almost at right angles to its previous advance it would throw this
camp site out of the First Army area in a short time.
About this time Company D was transferred from General Con-
struction and with E and F Companies was assigned to the Bridge
Section of the First Army, recently reorganized under Lieut. Colonel
Perry. This change was welcomed by everyone as it meant action
and lots of it from then on. Tools and equipment for bridge work
were immediately gathered and on Nov. 9 the Company marched to
St. Juvin where quarters were estabUshed in what had been '^ Pioneer
Park" of the St. Juvin dump. Company A of the 27th was also quar-
tered here at this time. There were many small buildings in the Park,
all badly shot up, but with unUmited lumber and other repair material
at hand they were soon habitable. Bridge building operations were
at once commenced, the first days being spent with Companies A and
B on railway bridge construction to famiUarize the new men with
their methods. After the departure of Companies A and B most of
the work was confined to highway bridges. The large amount of con-
struction material found in the German engineer dumps at St. Juvin
and vicinity was invaluable for this work. Lumber and heavy bridge
timber of all kinds, steel, bolts, nails, piling, railroad material and tools
of all kinds were available. Much of the bridge work in this area con-
sisted of replacing the temporary bridges erected by the division engi-
neers with heavy structures capable of sustaining the heavy artillery,
tanks and large trucks. TraflBic could not be interrupted for an in-
stant, time was essential and the keynote of every job was "rush."
During the next few weeks the company built eight highway
bridges, repaired and strengthened eight other railway and highway
bridges and rebuilt several miles of the main highways in the vicinity.
It also handled the distribution of the bridge material in the St.
Juvin dump and hauled bridge timber from the rail heads at Varennes
and Apremont for bridges being built by Company E near Grandpre.
All bridges in the area between the Aire and the Meuse, north of
Varennes, were repaired and kept in shape during the eastward ad-
vance of the First Army. After the cessation of hostiUties and until
Dec. 10 the Company was employed on the maintenance of bridges in
the Grandpre-St. Juvin area. A daily detail was sent out to locate and
bury the many dead, both of our own and the enemy, in the area north
and east of Grandpre, a large number being found and cared for each
day. All grave locations were mapped and reported and every effort
made to identify all men buried. Quite a number of German mines
and explosive traps were found and destroyed or rendered harmless
during this time. The camp at Pioneer Park was repaired more sub-
stantially and a bath house and mess hall built so that the company
soon had every man in warm dry quarters. A ''Uve" mess sergeant
with a ration detail of ''expert burglars'' kept the company well
Destroyed Bridge at Bijon, Sivby
supplied with rations and the many vegetable gardens in the vicinity,
planted by the Germans, and now in full bearing, provided some wel-
come additions to the bill-of-fare. Living in German buildings,
burning German coal in German stoves, cooking German rations in
German pots on a German range, using German tools and often sleep-
ing in German blankets the men began to reaUze thet '* Fritz" had
not been short very much equipment in his army after all.
On Dec. 8 orders were received to proceed to Le Chatelier, in the
St. Menehould district, preparatory to embarking for home. By Dec.
10 the Company was in barracks near Le Chatelier and the entire regi-
ment was assembled for the first time in its history.
Company E, — Breaking camp at Thibaudette on the morning of
Oct. 27 Company E, in command of Capt. C. D. Brown, marched
20 kilometers and bivouacked just north of Varennes. This "Mud
Waltz " as they later called them, where men straggled along the edge
of a road in single file, wallowing in mud and dodging ambulances,
trucks, tanks and guns at every step, was a far different affair from the
*' practice marches" taken in the United States where the Company
stepped along in column of squads, rifles on shoulder and heads up.
It brought home to every man most vividly the knowledge that the
"pomp and glory" part of war was a thing of ancient history. They
began to realize that war at present consisted principally of unceasing
work, untold suffering and unlimited destruction.
At this time the main highway extending from the rail head at
Clermont northward to Varennes and Grandpre, on which the First
Army was largely dependent for all supplies, crossed the Aire River at
Varennes and from there on ran along the east bank of the river. A
secondary highway led north along the west bank of the river from
Varennes to Grandpre but was in such condition as to be almost im-
passable for motor traffic. Both of these roads were under fire, from
a point just north of Varennes to Grandpre. So heavy was the traffic
along the main highway on the east bank of the Aire and so vital its
non-interruption to the success of the First Army that it was impera-
tive to have the route along the west bank available for motor traffic
at once. Company E was therefore reheved from duty on General
Construction and sent into camp at Montblainville with instructions
to open and repair this highway as far as Apremont. Company
B of the 807th Pioneer Infantry was attached as a labor company for
this work. The Company marched to Montblainville, arrived at
11 a.m., made camp, ate dinner and was on the job at 1 p.m. Camp
was made in the ruins of the town of Montblainville which was at this
time an important cross roads and so subject to considerable attention
by the enemy. Air raids were of daily occurrence and many spectacular
air battles were seen by the company. German propaganda planes
made frequent trips down the valley and the small printed circulars
that they scattered were always interesting as souvenirs. The work
in hand consisted of filling shell holes, widening the road with broken
rock and building new road where it was shattered beyond repair.
On Nov. .8 word was received that the Company had been trans-
ferred to the Bridge Section of the First Army and ordered to march
north at once. Marching through Apremont, Chatel Chehery,
Cornay, Marcq, and Chevieres it made camp in the town of Grandpre
on Nov. 9. Here the bridges under construction by Company A were
taken over and completed and three new bridges started. These
three highway bridges across the Aire River and its branches connected
the railway and the Marcq road with the main highway and the town
of Grandpre. The largest structure, that over the main river, was a
pile bent bridge of 17 spans and required timber work of the highest
order. A small pile driver on hand was rebuilt and extended to han-
dle the length of span required, and the Entire bridge with the exception
of the abutments was built in five days. Stringers were hauled from
the rail head at Apremont but piles and all other timbers required
were gathered from various German stores in the vicinity. The men
of the battalion proved exceptionally well adapted to this type of
construction work as every company contained a large number of
skilled carpenters, timbermen, stone masons, riggers and general
mechanics. While constructing this bridge Company E also built a
five-span pile bridge and a two-span crib bridge over other branches
of the Aire and did a large amount of repair work on the roads and
bridges of the vicinity. A detail of timber men and pile drivers from
Company D was used as a night shift on the long bridge for part of
While camped in Grandpre the company cleared out and repaired a
number of the wrecked buildings of the town and the men gradually
billeted themselves in fairly comfortable quarters. Grandpre had
been shelled by both German and American artillery and not a build-
ing except the concrete dug-outs was left intact. A small electric
lighting plant was set up and operated by the company and a concrete
dug-out converted into an exceptionally fine bath house. The cook
house soon became a "Mecca" for refugees and wanderers drifting
back from German prison camps after the signing of the armistice, as
this was the first American post for refugees traveling homeward via
the Aisne and Aire valleys. Many pitiful wrecks were cared for and
miany strange stories listened to during these days.
On Dec. 7 Company E received marching orders and proceeded to
Le Chatelier to join the regiment, going into quarters a short distance
outside the town on Dec. 10.
Company F. — This company, under command of Lieut. Atkins, left
Thibaudette on Oct. 27 and marched to Varennes where it went into
camp a short distance north of the town. It was assigned to rebuild
the section of road from Varennes north to where Company E was at
work. Company C of the 807th Pioneer Infantry was assigned as a
labor company and work started at once. For the time being most of
the men found quarters in the numerous German-built dug-outs and
deep tunnels which lined the bluffs along the river at this point. In
view of the frequent air raids in this locality such shelters were quite
The most vital need of all roads in the vicinity at this stage was
rock. A few small quarries had been opened but were entirely inade-
quate for the work in hand. Company F immediately therefore put
a number of its "hard rock" experts to work, opened new quarries and
so enlarged those already in operation that within a few days they were
not only supplying all their own needs and those of Company E but
were able to turn large quantities over to the 23rd Engineers for use in
Varennes. About Nov. 1 Capt. Tallant arrived from Headquarters
to take over command of the company. Details of rock men were sent
to various quarries in the vicinity to assist in opening them up for
other road work. Details of powder men were also supplied to remove
German mines at Neuville and other points. The experienced high
explosive men of all three companies were frequently called on for
this kind of work. Company F also supplied details of truck drivers
to haul building material from Varennes to the camps building near
Apremont. This material was handled at night in rain and mud,
without lights of any kind and over roads only partially repaired.
These motor truck crews were often placed on a heavy loaded truck
which they had never seen before and started out in pitch blackness
over a strange road to an unknown destination. Such conditions
called for driving skill of the very highest type.
On Nov. 7 Company F was transferred to the Bridge Section, First
Army, and on Nov. 8 moved eastward to the Meuse by way of the
Montfaucon sector. Its first camp was at BrieuUes-sur-Meuse in
recently evacuated German billets. From this point the Company
worked on bridges for several kilometers up and down the Meuse.
Two small railroad bridges were built in the railroad yards at Dun-sur-
Meuse and one at BrieuUes. A larger highway bridge was built on the
main road along the west bank of the river near Brieulles and consider-
able repair work was done on the roads themselves. While here some
of the automobile experts of the company salvaged a large number of
wrecked and abandoned motor trucks and in a short time had over
a dozen large trucks in operation. These trucks increased the Com-
pany's range of activities tremendously and they were enabled to sal-
vage large amounts of timber and repair material for their work which
would otherwise have been unavailable.
After Nov. 11a large detail was sent out daily to find and bury the
many American and German dead in the vicinity. A number of
German mines and traps were also located and rendered harmless.
While here one of the strangest accidents which befell the company
occurred. An automobile passing a Company F truck loaded with men
ran over an unseen hand grenade lying in the mud and released the
safety lever. The truck, swinging into the road behind the auto just
the fatal five seconds later, received the full force of the explosion.
One man was killed instantly and several wounded by fragments.
On Nov. 16 the company moved to Vilosnes-sur-Meuse where it
built a highway bridge on the viaduct and one over the Meuse canal,
part of the company working with Company C on the bridge over the
main river at the same time. On Dec. 10 the company joined the
Regiment at Le Chatelier and the long wait for homeward bound
During the Argonne-Meuse Offensive, Sept. 26 to Nov. 11, 1918,
the Regiment acting as bridge troops of the First Army built over 60
heavy bridges. These included standard gauge railroad bridges
(capacity 243 tons), narrow gauge railroad bridges (capacity 18-
ton locomotive), and highway bridges (capacity 18-ton axle load).
The following types of construction were respresented: Frame tres-
tle, pile trestle, wood stringer, I-beam stringer, trussed beam, strutted
beam, plate girder, lattice girder and various combinations of these
types. A large proportion of the work was done at night, and without
hghts of any kind. Many of the bridges were under enemy observa-
tion and were subject to machine gun and shell fire. Rain fell almost
every day and mud pervaded everything at all times. Open fires were
not permissible and no stoves were available for closed fires. Many
camps were made in shelter halves only and practically all were sub-
ject to shell fire at some time.
Most of the work was *' special rush stuff," with very hmited time
for construction and usually no supphes on hand. But with all these
handicaps the Regiment never once failed to "come across with the
goods. " It had men of every conceivable abiUty and experience, who
invariably led the way on the work they were assigned to. Often a
company was assigned to some other engineering unit for special
work, and ten times out of ten that unit had reason to thank the
The men did hght and heavy railway work, quarrying, reconnais-
sance and location, dugout construction, road work, pulled mine fields,
operated gasoline barges on the Meuse, pulled charges in Boche gaso-
line locomotives captured in the first few days of the offensive and
operated them, taking wounded to the main roads. Bridge work and
house construction. Led all other units in number of men sent to,
and used for instructors at the engineering schools. Operated steam
locomotives- on the 3rd Corps ration railway when the regular units
were short of locomotive engineers. Electrical and mechanical work in
the captured towns where they soon had the light plants, etc., working.
Everything but plumbing and hanging wall paper. When things
Billets at Vebtou
slowed up many went "over the top^' with nearby infantry, to see
how it felt and to say they had "done it."
The part that the officers and men of the Regiment played in the
reorganization of the First Army Engineers was a chapter that will
never be generally known. But one thing is certain, there was no
engineering unit in France that "had anything on the 27th. '^ And
this in spite of the fact that it went over in pieces and for a longtime
was spread from the Marne in the north to St. Mihiel in the south.
Only in the last three weeks were all the companies together, and they
were just hitting their stride when the armistice was signed.
At the break of the second phase of the Argonne offensive, C Com-
pany was with the 3rd Corps, three platoons being on light railway
construction and one platoon on bridge work on the Meuse River at
Consenvoye and Forges. A crossing was desired at Sivry and Vilos-
nes. Although a reconnaisance report of this part of the river as far
as BrieuUes had already been made by men of the 27th, it had been
prior to the final retirement of the Germans and the old bridges had
then been intact. A message was sent to Lieutenant Burrage, in charge
of the men at Forges, to take three men and give this area the **once
over'' and report. He did so, taking a French sergeant of the 17th
French Corps with him. At the same time Sergeant Traver of C
Company was sent out from Malancourt via BrieuUes for the same
purpose. He made his trip in broad daylight with safety. Lieuten-
ant Burrage and his party waited until dark and ran into a Boche
patrol of eight men and one officer, and a lively mixup ensued. The
French sergeant saw them first, and shot two with his pistol before
the mixup became general. Sergeant Rutherford was wounded with
a hand grenade. A Boche "non-com'' grabbed Lieutenant Burrage
and they rolled down the bank where Burrage earned a niche for his
gun stock by knocking in his opponent's head. Three of the Boche
While C Company was not given as much bridge building in its
sector with the 3rd Corps as A and B Companies drew with the 1st
and 5th Corps, it made up for it in railway and reconnaissance work.
On one occasion four of the men were out on light railway reconnois-
sance work on Sept 25, the day before the Argonne offensive started.
Lo9t in the fog beyond the Bois de Hess, they found themselves when
the fog lifted in front of the 79th Division trenches, and at the same
time were seen by the Boche. During the subsequent race for the
trench, considerable practice in ducking into shell holes was indulged
in. Top Sergeant Kline, from Minnesota, was always the last down.
Another time three of the men on advance river reconnaissance had
some funny experiences at Sivry, BrieuUes and Vilosnes. At Sivry a
French outpost was passed. One sentry stood behind the railroad em-
bankment watching the Boche outposts in the canal across the Meuse.
Three other Frenchmen of this relief were playing cards near the door
of an old dugout at the foot of the steep road bank in a gully. Screened
by the road bushes an empty gasoline can with five or six rocks inside
was rolled down on them. Their frantic scramble for the door and
Bridqb at Vilosnes, Built by Company C
general appearance was worth the risk caused bj^ the racket and helped
dispel the creepy feeling caused by the heavy silence which existed
everywhere along the river between the lines and also relaxed the men.
Four privates of C Company on another detail for reconnaissance
crossed the Meuse River and canals at Brieulles some 16 hours before
the advance section of engineers from the 5th Division came up and
threw over their pontoons. The men drew four shots, but no one was
damaged. Another detail passed up the river to Dun-sur-Meuse through
Clery le Petit and Doulcon before these places were consolidated by the
One night trip was nearly wrecked by Wagoner James, who fell
into a deep mine crater on the road, one of several, and in helping him
out all lost their sense of direction and orientation. James said he
was not worrying over Boche patrols, it was American patrols they
might encounter that bothered most, and being the most cautious
member present, was unanimously elected ''official balance wheel."
Incidentally it might be mentioned that he saved the Colonel's life
at Apremont, for the Colonel watched him and ducked when he did.
James could smell the shells before they arrived.
THE RETURN HOME
The armistice was signed on Nov. 11, 1918, but the Regiment kept
up its bridge work until Dee. 5, when it received orders to report to the
Commanding General of the S. O. S., for return to the United States.
The regiment acquiesced without a dissenting voice, but visions of a
Christmas at home were premature. By Dec. 10 the six companies
were brought together at Le Chatelier (St. Menehould District) for
The Last Eight Men op the 27th Engineers
Edwin H. N. Lee
C. H. Smith
Master Engineer, Sr.
J. E. Dunbar
Master Engineer, Sr.
H. E. Taylor F.- R. Dugan
J. G. Blanchard W. J. Jones
Regimental Sergeant Regimental
Major Supply Sergeant
the first time in the history of the Regiment, and there officially effected
the battahon organization which had been in unofficial operation for
some time. Upon arrival of the Regiment at Le Chatelier and the
placing of the men in rest billets. Regimental headquarters were es-
tabUshed at Givry-en-Argonne, and battalion headquarters at Le
Chatelier. Previous to this time there had been no formal battalion
organization, although Companies A, B and C had been unofficially
called the First Battalion and Companies D, E and F the Second
Battalion, the former being in charge of Captain Norcross and the
latter in charge of Captain Franklin. An order issued at the signing
Abbival op the **Dakotan" in New Yobk
of the armistice suspended all promotions, wherefore the battalion
organization having been perfected. Captains Norcross and Franklin
were made acting majors and served in that capacity until their com-
missions were actually received by special order on Feb. 26. At the
same time and by the same order Lieut. Colonel Perry was made full
colonel. Lieutenant Searight was made captain, and second Lieutenant
White was made first lieutenant, both of the latter promotions being
based on the gallantry which those officers had displayed in action.
After four weeks of misery in the rain and mud of Le Chatelier,
the Regiment headed via the popular "40 Hommes or 8 Chevaux,"
or "American Bar," for the port of embarkation, but was halted again,
at Vertou, on Jan. 5, 1919. This delay was even longer, but, in its
own inimitable way, the Regiment filled the interim by promoting
international amity with the civiUan population. At last the good
word came, and, leaving behind it a trail of broken hearts, the 27th
Engineers moved to the embarkation camp at St. Nazaire on Feb. 26.
Here it submitted, perforce, to the long series of baths, delousings, and
intimate inspections, andreUnquished its souvenirs. Luck was with it
at last, for it was immediately assigned to a transport. On Mar. 6
it boarded the S. S. "Dakotan,'' lately (and still) a freighter, and on
Mar. 7 sailed for home, debarking at New York Mar. 20.
Colonel Perry received his "eagles" just before leaving France.
Upon arrival in New York he gave a farewell dinner to his officers
at the Columbia Club on Mar. 24. On the following day he reUn-
quished command of the 27th Engineers, having been ordered to duty
with the Chief of Engineers in Washington. Maj. F. S. Norcross
succeeded to the command. The regiment remained at Camp Merritt
only a few days and there was no opportunity to give it the entertain-
ment that was contemplated, although it was welcomed upon the
arrival of the "Dakotan" in the bay. It was thought best anyhow to
present the men with a commemorative service medal and with this
history. Within a few days the Regiment was dispersed in squads
among the camps nearest the several homes. Headquarters went to
Camp Grant, 111. The last eight men of the Regiment were Clarence
H. Smith and John E. Dunbar, master engineers, John G, Blanchard,
regimental sergeant major, Walter P. Jones, regimental supply sergeant,
John Normile, Horace E. Taylor, and Frank R. Dugan, sergeants, and
Edwin H. N. Lee, private. These headquarters men received their
discharge on April 11, 1919, and with their going the 27th Engineers
ceased to exist as an organization of the Army,
The Comfort Fund
No history of the 27th Engineers would be complete without men-
tion of the "Association of the 27th Engineers." The idea of a
*' Comfort Fund" for the regiment originated in the mind of W. R.
IngallS; who made the suggestion to Colonel Perry by letter, the Asso-
ciation itself being started some weeks later at a meeting of the Mining
and Metallurgical Society of America, on Nov. 22. At this meeting Mr.
Ingalls outlined the plan and started the ball rolling with a donation
of $1000 in behalf of the Engineering and Mining Journal, Through
the continued efforts of Mr. Ingalls, backed by the columns of the
Journal, the fund reached its goal of $20,000, going over the top with
this amount shortly before the return of the regiment from France.
The benefits derived from the expenditure of this fund, so generously
contributed by the men of the mining industry, were of inestimable
value to the officers and men of the regiment, helping the regiment, as it
aid, over some of the rocky paths it followed in France, and providing
solace and comfort for the n^en by way of tobacco and luxuries for the
mess, to relieve the monotony of army grub. This fund also made
possible the Thanksgiving and Christmas dinners, after the close of
the campaign in 1918, which were events that will long be remembered
by the men. Mr. Ingalls by his hard work and persistent eflfort earned
the deep gratitude of all ofiicers and men of the 27th Engineers.
The roster as turned in upon demobilization of the Regiment was
found to comprise a good many addresses that were defective. So
far as possible all addresses have been corrected up to Dec. 31, 1919.
However, there are still known to be many errors. The names
marked with asterisks refer to the casualty list, that follows.
Perry, Oscar B., 120 Broadway, New York City.
Berry, Edwin S., Ill Broadway, New York City.
Balch, John W., 604 West Main St., Alarshalltown, Iowa.
Jacques, Henry L., 1633 Lucile Ave., Los Angeles, Calif.
Smith, Harold K., U. S. Reclamation Service, Malta, Montana.
Greenan, James O., 766 Calma Ave., Oakland, Calif.
Kinkead, George B., 204 Fifth Ave., New York City, and Box 257, Poughkeepsie N Y .
1st Battalion Headquarters
Norcross, Fred S., Jr., Valley Ranch, New Mexico.
Shriver, Ellsworth H., Dept. Utilities, Camp Humphreys, Va.
White, Edward E., Glen White, W. Va.
2d Battalion Headquarters
Franklin, Raymond E., 246 South 13th St., San Jose, Calif.
Hillyard, Warren K., 504 East 17th St., Santa Ana, Calif.
Mampel, Charles J.. 211 West 107th St., New York City.
Regimental Sergeants Major
Blanchard, John G., 510 Alaska Bldg., Seattle, Wash.
Wheeler, Carl M., Long Beach, Calif.
Master Engineers* Senior Grade
Dunbar, John E. D., 1009 Thompson St., Jersey Shore, Penn.
Fuller, Joseph W., Oro-Ville, Calif.
Lord, Thomas J., 146 Plorida St., Vallejo, Calif.
Master Engineers, Junior Grade
Futterer, Edward, Jr., 444 Clinton Ave., Albany, N. Y.
Hocking, Richard O., Box 250, Nashwauk, Minn.
Perry, Eugene S., 1017 Vermillion St., Danville. 111.
Regimental Supply Sergeants
Jones, Walter P., Box 539, Kingman, Ariz.
Nydele, Victor T., 200 Bradhurst Ave., New York City.
Sergeants, First Class
Cesar, Elmer M., R. F..D. No. 2, Stanton, Mich.
Vincent, Bob, 1819 Hobart Blvd., Los Angeles, Calif.
Woodward, Howard B., 14 Rhea Terrace, Fairmont, W. Va.
Normile, John, Hotel Garland, San Francisco, Calif.
Smith, Stephen, Jr., 2116 Kentucky Ave., Joplin, Mo.
Taylor, Horace E., R. F. D. No. 5, Murray, Utah.
Adams, Charles, Interstate Sand & Gravel Co., Libertyville, 111.
Henley, Robert P., 1016 W. Grace St., Richmond, Va.
Husted, Raymond G., Morris Run, Tioga Co., Pa.
Lodge, Harry H., 5330 Wayne Ave., Germantown, Penn.
Stout, Charles M., Joplin, Mo.
Bither, Dean C, Linneus, Maine.
Walters, Grover L., Glamis, Calif.
Hoover, Fenton W., Care Mrs. Nellie Hoover, Palo Alto, Calif.
Jones, Erl D., Bisbee, Ariz.
Sharek, Wm. M., 18 Laurel St., Manchester, N. H.
Sousa, Manuel S., 84 Everett St., Fall River, Mass.
Vastine, Jesse J., R. F. D. No. 1, De Mossville, Ky.
Privates, First Class
Fletcher, Ned W., Ferndale, Wash.
Liptak, Joe M., Starford, Penn.
Ryker, Glenn C, 510 W. 16th St., Joplin, Mo.
Gibson, George I., Kingman, Ariz.
Heath, Carl, 318 Main St., Chanute, Kan.
Kruger, Alfred, Ardsley Club, Ardsley on Hudson, N. Y.
Lee, Edwin H. N., Rock Springs, Wyo.
Manley, Frank J., 311 Second St., Virginia, Minn.
Rapp, Edwin M., Harmonsville, Pa.
Torns, Harry C, Well wood, Lindenhurst, N. Y.
Headquarters First Battalion
Master Engineers, Senior Grade
Circle, William S., Roosevelt, Wash.
Stampe, Jacob A., Menden Iron Co., Hibbing, Minn.
Master Engineers, Junior Grade
Abbott. Roland H., Columbia Falls. Mont.
Bennett. Benjamin E., Care W. P. Jones, Assessor of Mohave Co., Kingman. Ariz.
McDonald, Nicholas A.. Care Jack Stewart, Duncan, Arii.
Sankey, Harry R., 309 Call Bldg., San Francisco, Calif.
Battalion Sergeant Major
Reager, Richard C, 412 Caldwell St., Clairton, Penn.
Battalion Supply Sergeant
Jones, John W., 433 Columbia St., Portland, Oregon.
Dugan. Frank R., Delta. Utah.
Boyd» Frank R.. Jr., 261 Connellville St., Uniontown. Penn.
Vollman.'i^enedict M., 5635 N. Sacremento Ave., Chicago, 111.
Bowen, Riissell E., Coalcreek, Ky.
James, Francis H., 815 North 8th St., Albuquerque, N. Mex.
Privates, First Class
Fortier, Damas, Care Mrs. Laura Doyle, 6 Moulton St., San Ford, Me.
Milo, John E., 1973 Daly Ave., New York City.
Bunnell, Woodbury L., El Grande Apts., Berkeley, Calif.
Headquarters Second Battalion
Master Engineers. Senior Grade
Watters, William H., St. Helena, Ore.
Master Engineers, Junior Grade
Jenkins, David J., Bureau of Mines, Pittsburgh, Pa.
Thornton, Thomas, 25 Batavia St., Boston, Mass.
Battalion Sergeant Major
Whittet, William D., 227 So. Church St., Grass Valley. Calif.
Battalion Supply Sergeant
Brewster. Clyde D., Clifford. 111.
Hackett, Thomas J., 282 Locust Ave.. Red Bank, N. J.
Romback, Charles H.. 4124 Red Bud Ave., St. Louis, Mo.
Hill, James F., Martinsville, Ind.
Lowry. Fred R. 512 Moffet Ave.. Joplin, Mo.
Meehan. Andrew J., Main St.. Shelby ville, Ky.
Privates, First Class
Bentel. Richard O., 604 Benoni Ave., Fairmont, W. Va.
Brader, Walter H., 301 Joplin St., Joplin, Mo.
Miller, George F., Route 7, Box 135, Birmingham, Ala.
Trybom, Otto W., Ironriver, Mich.
Tortorello. George, 27 Calumet St., Newark, N. J.
Wood, Wilson G.. Major, M. C, 235 W. 7l8t St., New York City.
Brady, John Chester, Captain. M. C, 28 New York Ave., N. W., Washington, D. C.
Noble, William B., Major, D. C, 2028 Chestnut St., Philadelphia, Pa.
Gillespie. George Y.. 1st Lieut.. M. C. Greenwood. Mich.
Segal. Louis. Ist Lieul., M. C, 704 South 52d St., Philadelphia. Pa.
Fuller, Wilhenry, 1st Lieut., D. C, 557 West 140th St., New York City.
Steffee, Lake D., Seneca, N. Y.
Payne, Lynn D., 228 W. 3d Ave., Flint, Mich.
Splane, Vincent D., U. S. Bureau of Mines, Pittsburgh, Pa.
Mason, Ardell R., Hancock, Mich.
Lock, Edwin J., Headquarters, Base Section No. 1, Moutoir, France.
Privates, First Class
Burke, John E., Staddle Hill, Middletown, Conn.
Behnke, Harry A., 2047 Columbia Ave., Indianapolis, Ind.
Calkins, Loyal E., 833 South Main St., Adrian, Mich.
Clegg, Russell E., 8 Second Ave., Pelham, N. Y.
Ellis, William H., Roslyn, Wash.
Hart, George M., 5543 Frankford Ave., Philadelphia, Penn.
Talbott, Richard B., Elkins, .W. Va.
De Witt, Fred, Conway, N. H.
Bradley, Ivern M., Huntington, Utah.
Forbes, Raymond L., 58 Pleasant Ave., Naugatuck, Conn.
Hart, Samuel C, Selleck, Wash.
Jungling. William J., Jr., 84 Clerk St., Jersey City, N. J.
Lewis, John J., 366 Cedar Grove St., New Bedford, Mass.
Marks, Leroy, State Hospital, Danville, Pa.
McAllister, Russell V., 1008 So. Hill St., Los Angeles. Calif.
McGinty, Thomas L., Box 187, McClellandtown, Penn.
Nelson, Robert A., 2317 N. Fairhill St., Philadelphia, Penn.
Pague, Frank B., AJ media, Penn.
Pichl, Anton, 1598 20th St., Milwaukee, Wis.
Scott, Thomas, Gallagher, W. Va.
Senninger, Herbert J., Ferdinand, Ind.
Yarnall, Charles E., Dover, Ky.
SchafiFer, Henry A., Youngwood, Penn.
Roos, Anthony, 102 Wallace St., Newark, N. J.
Norval J. E. Welsh, Sunshine Ranch, San Antonio, Texas.
Relieved of command October 16, 1918.
Buckingham Miller, Newton Highlands, Mass.
Ralph S. Edmondson, 50 Church St., New York City.
John J. Croeton, P. O. Box 906, Atlanta, Ga.
Vaughn H. Wilson, Dunbar, Penn.
Ira W. Farrand, 1215 East Ist St., Los Angeles, Calif.
Joseph R. Guiteras, Care D. M. Guiteras, Marseilles Hotel, Broadway. 103 St., New York City.
Luther E. Olson, 1293 W. 117th St., Cleveland, Ohio.
Theodore W. Burnett, 319 West Front Dt., Oil City, Penn.
Alfred F. Duggleby, Davenport, Iowa.
Gavin W. Laurie, Oak View Terrace, Maplewood, Mo.
Ralph M. Moon, 233 College Ave., Haughton. Mich.
Daniel H. McGraw, Care Miss Mary McGraw, Fallbrook, Dan Diego, Calif.
Martin T. Whelan, 1440 Brainard Ave., Cleveland, Ohio.
Frost, Ralph N., 49 Elm St., Wakefield, Mass.
Sergeants, First Class
Coener, Lawrence E., 811 Shady Ave., Charleroi, Penn.
Getchell, George, Care A. F. G. W. Co., Juneau, Alaska.
Hartley, Wesley G., 429 39th St., Wylam, Ala.
Peterson, Axel M., Elkoro Mines Co., Jarbidge, Nevaaa.
Carrick, Walter H., R. F. D. No. 18, Roseburg, Calif.
Eitze, William E., 21 Floyd Ave., R. D. 5, Box 32, San Antonio, Tex.
Berg, Nels C, 333 E. Bway. Alley, Butte, Montana.
Griscom, Walter D., Jr., 4th and Jackson St., Media, Penn.
Leonard, Reginald W., Fairlawn, R. D. No. 4, Boise. Idaho.
Moore, GeoTf/d G., Care Mrs. Annabel Moore, Care Southern Pacific, Houston, Tex.
Mills, John, Washoe, Mont.
Morrissey, James J., General Del., San Francisco, Calif.
Miller, Clyde M., Tomboy Mine, Smuggler, Colo.
Osier, Joseph L., Care New River Co., Macdonald, W. Va.
Pabst, Victor H., 217 Elbertson St., Elmhurst, L. I., N. Y.
Rockhold, Edgar E., Davenport, Wash.
Rodgers, James E., Box 171, Tonopah, Nev.
•Said, Kenneth M., 1611 West 50th St., Los Angeles, Calif.
Williams, Joseph A., Care Matt Shea, Jerome, Aris.
Banks, Leon m!, 1641 Stout St., Denver, Colo.
Cleaves, Eugene L., 15 West Front St., Oil City, Penn.
Carlton, Dave P., Beaver, Utah.
Clark, Cliff ors K., Terminal Hotel, San Francisco, Calif.
Conrad, Edward F., Care F. J. Conrad, Box 45, Hot Springs, S. Dak.
Decker, Harold D., Box 576, Miami, Arizona.
Davis, Stanley E., Box 447, Elko, Nev.
Flannigan, George W., Gen'l Delivery, Wewoka, Okla.
•Hinds, Dennis M.
Hoffman, Paul E., Hoaglin, Trinity Co., Calif.
Kelly, Thomas R., Box 1684, Bisbee, Arizona.
Kunze, Arthur, Box 870, Jerome, Arizona.
Laane, John R., Tuscarora, Nevada.
Muir, Raymond F., 507 North Franklin St., Titusville, Penn.
Martinsen, Martin C, 220 Golden Gate Ave., San Francisco, Calif.
MacCuish, David N., Apex Hotel, West Park St., Butte, Mont.
McDonald, William J., Care Dr. Shultz, Nederland, Nev.
Nice, Robert M., 485 W. H. St., Colton, Calif.
Nichols, Clifford R., Buhl, Minn.
Rudstrom, Odin J., Chisholm, Minnesota.
Reed, Leo, 1224 Lancaster St., Swissvale, Penn.
Snell. Charles, Box 235, Moab, Utah.
Vetter, Alfred R., Box 99, San Luis Obispo, Calif.
Webb, John S., Box 148, Ruth, Nevada.
Winfrey, Holman E., 317 Trinity St., Vallejo. Calif.
Yundt, Leonard D., Eureka, Utah.
James, Edward B., Box 63, Victpr, Colo.
Jones, William, 222 44th St., Fairfield, Ala., Box 92.
Sapalluto, Guiseppi, Box 27, Gallitzin, Penn.
Northrop, Randall E., Tonopah, Nevada.
Valco, John, Box 132, Cardiff, Ala.
Berolatti, Anton J., Care James Caserio, 4009 Portland St., Calumet, Mich.
Dunn, Seymour J., 2 Lincoln St., Oil City, Penn.
Fegan, Thomas D., 604 East 4th St., Victoria, Tex.
Mcintosh, Albert P., Carbon Hill, Alabama.
Murphy, Thomas St. C, 6901 Detroit St., Cleveland, Ohio.
Ferguson, James M., Care James McKee, 132 Ridge St., Newark, N. J.
Hartlc, Christopher J., Myersdale, Penn.
Bugler, First Class
Petranovich, John, Box 122, Gallup, N. M.
Pluchinsky, John A., Homer City, Penn.
Privates, First Class
Buchan, David, 419 East Main St., Titusville, Penn.
Buckeye, Michael J., Jr., Osceola Mills, Penn.
Benedict, Ralph E., Care Sullivan Machy. Co., 582 Market St., San Francisco, Calif.
Bennington, Jason C, Sunnyside, Wash.
Buchanan, Albert W., 768 Mission St., San Francisco, Calif.
*Bunch, Samuel P., Oatman, Axis.
Carter, Roy E., Cutler, 111.
Crocker, Percy &., Box 324, Selma, Calif.
Curtis, Marshall S., Front St., Addison, N. Y.
Canning, Walter E., 1246 Selby Ave., St. Paul, Minn.
Dunn, James J., Care Htl. Moyer, Elko, Nevada.
Ewing, William S., 2046 West 29th St., Los Angeles, Calif.
Edge. George H., 89 Homestead St., San Francisco, Calif.
Evans, James L., 10 East 3d St., Oil City, Penn.
Grega, Frank J., Homer City, Penn.
Giffin, Parnell C, Courtlandt, Arizona.
•Hauser, Warren C.
Hutchinson, Enoch, Madera, Clearfield Co., Pa.
Houck, Charles, Kellogg, Idaho. Star Line Del.
Hall, Raymond R., Care Alto Mine, Telluside, Colorado.
Hampton, Ruben, 2069 Tyler St., Fresno, Calif.
Jolly, William R. M., Titusville Country Club, Titusville, Penn.
Junkin, Fred C, 2115 Manitou Boulevard, Spokane, Wash.
Kammerer, Wilfred W., Flats, Neb.
Lovell, James W., Las Animas, Colo.
Lenehan, Lewis R., Hoidton, Maine.
Leonard, Michael J., Care Granada Hotel, 23d St., 4th Ave., Birmingham, Ala.
Meredith, Franklin J., 3640 South J. St., Tacoma, Wash.
McGuire, Richard, Fort W. H. Seward, Alaska.
Northrup, Cecil C, 615 Creston Ave., Houston, Tex.
Nestor, Gearhart.W., Sagamore, Penn.
Nelson, James, Moroni City, Utah.
Olsen, Hans P., 2413 Avenue B, Ogden, Utah.
Paton, James T., R. F. D. No. 3, Box 63, Manchester, N. H.
Patrick, Milton S., St. Catherine Hotel, Catalina Island, Calif.
Piatt, Charles N., Box 58, Youngstown, Ohio.
Popovich, Pete, 4506 39th Ave., S., Seattle, Wash.
Potts, Benjamin F., Rockhill Furnace, Penn.
Reynolds, Stanley, Box 1809, Bisbee, Ariz.
Robinson, David M., 243 Maple Ave., Jackson, Mich.
Smith, William, 502 North Washington St., Titusville, Penn.
Seamon, William H., Jr., Matachewan Gold Mines, Elk Lake, Ontario, Canada.
Sumpter, Robert L., Care Dr. D. C. Coplin, Watson, W. Va.
SmaU, David, 311 Hudson St., Buffalo, N. Y.
Stewart, Robert L., Yale, Oklahoma.
Tarr, Russell S., The Knoll, Ithaca, N. Y.
Teas, Howard J., 129 South Main St., Freeport, N. Y.
Waldvogel, Anton C, Care Allen M. Crawford, Chewelah, Wash.
Waldvogel, Ernest, Care Allen M. Crawford, Chewelah, Wash.
Walsh, Valentine J., Metuchan, N. J.
Watson, William W., 202 Portor St., Detroit, Mich.
Whitford, Harold E., Titusville, Penn.
Williams, Charles, 224 Chestnut St., Meadville, Pa.
Williams, Samuel C, 1914 Birdella St., Pittsburgh, Penn.
Warren, Willard V., Trine, Phillips Co., Mont.
Arthur, John W., Picher, Okla.
Anderson, George A., Gilt Edge, Mont.
Badillo. Telesforo, Jacksonville, Calif.
Benn, Richard T., Round Mountain, Nev.
*Beratto, Barney B., Riverton, Utah.
*Bissett, William J., General Hospital 41, Fox Hills, Staten Island.
Brokenshire, Mark G.. 105 Grant St., San Jose, Califi
Butcavage, John, 341 East Willing St., Tanaqua, Penn.
Blanchard, Franklin J., Meadowdale, Wash.
Boyer, Will H., Ono, Calif.
Cassner, Edward, R. F. D. No. 1, Box 100, Auburn, Mich.
Craig, Fred, 515 Spears Ave., Chattanooga, Tenn.
Cooper, Irving C, 1109 4th Ave., Great Falls, Mont.
Carpenter, Frank W., Shelburn, Mass.
Cook, Frank A., 403 Coatesville Ave., Salt Lake City, Utah.
Cliflford, William J., 929 Pine St., San Francisco, Calif.
*Cuneo, Emil, 1712 Baker St., East Bakersfield, Calif.
Dietrick, William M., 1011 4th Ave., Altoma, Penn.
DriBcoll, William F., 714 West Wyoming St., Butte, Mont.
Dubinsky, Stephen, Homer City, Penn.
Duncan, Robert, Chinook, Mont.
Edwards, William, Jasonville, Ind.
Edwin, John, 2315 27th Ave., South Minneapolis, Minn.
*Erickson, John M., 238 Breaker St., Oassons, Penn.
Eyman, Granville T., Telluride, Colo.
Ellis, Joseph H., Lockhaven, Penn.
Edalgo, Robert, Campo Seco, Calif.
Finan, James A., Gen. Hos. No. 2, Fort McHenry, Baltimore, Md.
Fedorkevich, Constantino, Care Bank of the U. S., 77-79 Delancy St., New York City.
Francisco, Lewis G., 1132 Highland Ave., Rimerton, Wash.
Fillingim, Kenneth M., 3918 Westminster St., El Paso, Tex.
Grady, James, 164 Main St., Luzerne, Penn.
Gerson, George D., 2200 Portela Way, Sacramento, Calif.
Gibson, Hugn, Burks, Ida.
Glass, Austin J., Butte, Mont.
Godbe, Lawrence J., 340 East 5th St., Salt Lake City, Utah.
Gruy, Samuel A., Careyville, Tenn.
Hornbaker, Albert R., Mercersburg, Penn.
Haley, Peter J., Broad Mountain, Schuylkill Co., Penn.
Horan, Joseph T., Box 396, R. D. No. 2, Pottsville, Penn.
Hasetlon, Charles F., Box 193, Victor, Colo.
Hancock, Wiltiam J.
Heath, Carl, Care W. D. Heath. 1723 South Elm St., Muncie, Ind.
Herron, Thomas D., Pearce, Arizona.
Heyn, Chester A., 113 South Whitcomb St., Collins, Colo.
Hicks, Leslie J., 123 5th St., Richmond, Calif.
Hill, Hans P., Box 220, Stackett, Mont.
Huner, Roy F., Midas, Nevada.
Hughes, David J.# Prarie City, Ore.
Hales, Ross F., Spanish Fork, Utah Qo.. Utah.
Jones, James R., Big Pine, Calif.
Jones, Earl F., 1138 Washington St., Indiana, Penn.
Johnson, Oscar M., 788 East Center St., Spanish Fork, Utah.
Julian, Charles C, 2019 Ontario St., Toledo, Ohio.
Kane, Edwin J., 1505 20th Ave., Aitoona, Penn.
Kelly, Creed P., Big Stone Gap, Va.
KeUy, Ernest P., Osborne, Shoshone Co., Ida.
Kendrick, Nathan C, Care Mrs. Anna Bradley, 225 Douglas St., Canyon City, Colo.
Kezeler, James G., Kingman, Arizona.
Lavelle, Thomas, 1688 Lockwood Ave., East Cleveland, Ohio.
Larsen, James, Eureka, Utah.
Lineweaver, Charles V., Bridgewater, Va.
Longfellow, William G., 624 Main St., Chioo, Calif.
Lidvall, Ed. R., Pilot Mount, Iowa.
Lewis, William B., Sumpter, Ore.
Morris, John A., Mayer, Ariz.
Manson, George M., 802 Elk St., Franklin, Penn.
Medema, Jay. 20 Orchard St., Muskegon, Mich.
MulhoUand, Vincent I., N. Y. State Highway Dept.. 703 Main St., Buffalo. N. Y.
Moore. Frank L., 33 Gill St., Columbus, Ohio.
Morelli, Joe F., 930 Second St.. Sacramento. Calif.
Morgan. Frank. 1759 55th St., Brooklyn, N. Y.
Morgan. George D.. 4432 North 16th St., Philadelphia, Penn.
Morofiow. Nicholas W., 120 Fuba Alley, Pittsburgh, Penn.
Mathewson, Benjamin, R. F. D. 1, East JefFery, N. H.
McCormick, Henry K., Big Stone Gap, Va.
McFadden, Michael J., 321 East Devlin St., Spring Valley, 111.
McKay, Elroy. Loraine, Kern County. Calif.
Narver, Lee R., Visalia, Calif.
Newton, Eugene, Fayette, Ala.
Niclotti. Dominic. Box 486, Ely, Nev.
Neilson, Lonney, Spanish Fork, Utah.
Oren, Milton J., 924 Canton Ave., Detroit, Mich.
O'Neill, Benedict J., Bisbee, Aris.
Overstrom, George, 530 South Marengo Ave., Pasadena, Calif.
Prichard, Guy I., Princeton, 111.
Perry, William A.. R. D. No. 1, McKinney, Tex.
Porter, Alexander, Durango, Colo.
Proctor, George M., Helvetia, Ariz.
•Perkins, Albert W.
Parkhurst, Fred S., Bloomington, 111.
Plummer, Walter T., Kenona, W. Va.
Read, Leon G., Seattle, Wash.
Rollins, William E., Franklin, Kans.
Rosko, Tony, Care Bank of the United States, 77-79 DeUncy St., New York City.
Rist, Harold E., 303 South 5th St., Marshalltown, Iowa.
Stein, Joseph, 1415 Elm St., Scranton, Penn.
Sacks, Jacob, Care F. Brown, 2G Floyd St., Rochester, Mass.
Shaver, George B., 707 Taylor St., Joplin, Mo.
Simpson, Harry W,, Braddock, Penn.
Shephard, Claude L., Care Theo. DetweUer, R. D. No. 1, Congervaie, 111.
Sleeman, William H., Box 371, Hancock, Mich.
Snyder, Albert A., Pearce, Ariz.
Treonis, FeUx C, Auburn, 111.
Waldemar, Frank W., Care ** Journal Miner," Prescott, Ariz.
Woods, Edgar J.. Caryville, Tenn.
Werdt, Bertram Y., Rock, Penn.
Wold, Edward, Care L. O. O. F. No. 959, Kellogg, Ida.
Wyatt, Harry B., Box 142, Basin, Montana.
•Yocura, Birchard G.
Ward Royce, Houghton, Michigan.
George P. Searight, 3 East Louther St., Carlisle, Penn.
Albin F. Victor, 520 Providence Bldg., Duluth, Minnesota.
James M. Jenkins, 6341 Greene f:t., Germantown, Penn.
Howard L. King, 559 W. 164th St , New York City, N. Y.
Frank A. Hill, Jr., Issaguah, Wash.
Simkins, William A., R. F. D. 9, Goldwater, Mich.
Storke, Arthur D., Cotopaxi, Cclorado.
Quinn, Jack P., Patagonia, Ariz.
Sergeants, First Class
•Elliott, Walter R., Pictou, Cdo.
McQueen, William A., Morenci, Arizona.
Cousin, Albert B., Oswego, Ore.
Meissner, Clarence E., 45 Lenox Road, Brooklyn, N. Y.
Plughofif, Frank R., Hailey, Idaho.
Fitzpatrick, Fred B., 2610 South Chadwick St., Philadelphia, Penn.
Clark, Welsey H., Calumet, Mich.
BuUard, George W., Kelly, N. M.
Collins, Lewis R., Box 312, Clarksburg, W. Va.
Cornelius, John W., Box 441, Kingman, Ariz.
David, John B., 485 Central Park WeSt, New York City.
Field, Georg E., 471 Clarence St., Ottawa, Ont., Canada.
Frederickson, Richard H., 4316 Division St., Oakland, Calif.
GodshaU, Donald A., 35 East Main St., Lansdale, Penn.
•Hooper, William J.
Larrazolo, Octaviano A., La Vegas, N. M.
Mohler, Karl I., Box 347, Towell, Arizona.
Prill, Arthur, 509 33d Ave., San Francisco, Calif.
Roberts, Lewis H., R. F. D. 3, Chehallis, Wash.
Schirmer, Gallist J., 42 Villa Place, Ft. Thomas, Ky.
Smith, Charles H., Room 1507, 14 Wall St., New York City.
Abraham, Arthur W.', 438 North Bonnie Brae, Los Angeles, Calif.
Barrett, Archibald, 111 E. State St., Marshalltown, Iowa.
Cherrill, Gordon S., Box 210 B, R. F. D. 1, Stockton, Calif.
Christieson, Harry F., 340 Eddy St., San Francisco, Calif. ;
•Faris, Norman L.
Fellows, Albert N., Jr., The Blue Mound Mining Co., Baxter Springs, Kansas.
Gilson, Joseph G., Box 119, Beaver, Utah.
Gholz, Walter I., Box 511, Wasca, Calif.
Heckman, Fred C, San Petro, Calif.
Jones, Tracy R., Castle Gate, Utah.
Kearns, Martin, Jerome, Ariz.
Nokes, William F., Levan, Utah.
Pike, Robert E., Box 182, Marlon, Okla.
Price, Ben A., St. Paris, Ohio.
Quinlan, Jack, Kingman, Ariz.
Howe, Herbert, Newrow Baripper, Cornwall, England.
Taylor, Melvin J., Ingot, Calif.
Bonin, Anthony, Box 11, Hailey, Ida.
Brandt, Ralph, Globe, Ariz.
Broeseau, Andre R., 50 West 67th St., New York City.
Evans, Daniel B., Monrovia, Calif.
Bodah, Tusant H., Altona, N. Y.
Chapman, Leroy, 116 Warren St., Dunmore, Penn.
Dalton, Herbert D., Rosiclare, 111.
Hamrick, Edward B., Henry etta, Okla.
West, Ray J., Box 122, Polatch, Ida.
Lemenar, Edward M., Box 100, Mammoth, Utah.
Clark, William C, Jersey Shore R. F. D. 4, Oval, Penn.
Copley, Ralph D., Box F, Fosteria, Calif.
Eckart, Charlie A., Lordsbiu-g, New Mexico.
Jolly, Ernest W., Victoria, B. C.
Linley, Francis, R. F. D. 1, Bridgeport, Conn.
Lynch, Daniel 8., Peabody, Kan.
McDonald, Gilbert, Washoe, Mont.
Stewart, Cleon A., 221 First Ave., Plainwell, Michigan.
Privates, First Class
Adams, Herman E., 102 Second Ave., Aurora, Minn.
Anderson, Olc, Box 276, Elko, Nevada.
Bevan, William R., 7 Columbia Ave., Wilkes Barre, Penn.
Boright, Jess, Burke, Idaho.
Capello, Lorenzo, Box 835, Neaaunee, Mich.
Carbis, William, 220 E. 6th St., LeadviUe, Colo.
Caron, Charles, St. Emelie, Montreal, Que.
Carr, Peter, East Islip, L. I., N. Y.
Christieson, James P., 1101 Pine St., San Francisco, Calif.
• Clarke, Virdal C 846 West 18th St., Los Angeles, Calif.
Clouter, Henry, Missoula, Mont.
Crawford, William C, Box 3013, Lowell, Arizona.
Doyle, Albert* Box 1493, Miami, Arizona.
Elliott, Charles L., Pictou, Colo.
Ferraris, Frank B., Angles Camp, Calif.
Fitzgerald, Ronald P., 108J4 North Main St., Roswell, N. M.
Garvin, Joseph, 167 Chase Ave., Providence, R. I.
Gatch, Thomas L., Raspeburg, Md.
Gxiley, John C, 1007 So. 6th St., St. Louis, Mo.
Hamilton, Prank K., 2721 Park PL, Houston, Tex.
Hart, Glen C, Seabright, Calif.
Hoffman, Henry W., 189 Washington St., Cumberland, Md.
Homer, Reno, 918 Michigan St., Petoskay, Michigan.
Kelting, Lyman, Los Molinos, Calif.
Kring. Gustav L., Seattle, Wash.
Ewiatkowski, John, 1434 Hemlock St., Shamokin, Penn.
Lambert, Gus, Burke, Ida.
Larson, Emanuel, Box 372, Lehi City, Utah.
Levenski, Joe, Box 446, XJniontown, Pa.
Lewis, Thomas, 712 Carmalt St., Dixon City, Penn.
Martin, Curtis F., 2869 Thorn St., San Diego, Calif.
Miller, George S., Box 17, Nesquehoning, Penn.
Moffett, Ralph M.. Imperial Wall Paper Co., Glens Falls, N. Y.
Morgan, Johnathan, Box 544, Hayden, Ariz.
Morros, Ernest B., 48 North Main St., Jackson, Calif.
Murray, Thomas A., Bernice, Penn.
Keables, Albert E., Jr., 633 Monadnock Bldg., San Francisco, Calif.
Morrison, Ross, 65 East 8th Ave., Clarion, Penn.
Kingsbury, Richard P., Columbus, Mont.
Narmont, Leo, 454 30th St., San Francisco, Calif.
Marroy, Edgar, Burnett, Wash.
Nelson, Charles, Box 39, Dannadrog, Neb.
Newman, Edwin J., Box 132, Eureka, Utah.
Newman, Walter H., 6442 Soutn Union Ave., Chicago, 111.
Norberg, Johni, Guffey, Park County, Colo.
Olmer, Henry O., Yale, Mich.
Pace, Dominick, 206 Smith St., Dunmore, Penn.
Pana, Tony, Wallace, Idaho.
Pinton, Joseph, 2048 North 5th St., Philadelphia, Penn.
Piper, John T., Paloe, Ala.
•Robinson, Elwood R., Red Ledge Mine, North Columbia, Calif.
Scott, Mathew, 3402 Genessee St., Kansas City, Mo.
Steel, Robert M., Enterprise, Ore.
Stevens, Garfield, Gladstone St., Longrock, Cornwall, England.
Strobridge, George W., Republic, Wash.
Tilford, Clyde E., Central Ely, Nev.
Taylor, George M., 1503 Orthodox St., Philadelphia, Penn.
Terry, Ernest T., Route 2, Kewanna, Ind.
Wallace, John T., 103 5th St. N. W., Minot, N. Dak.
Trent, Robert J., Brainerd, Minn.
Wilson, Charles W., Box 352, Orleans, Vermont.
Anderson, Robert W., Box 72, Winburne, Penn.
Apodaca, John, 1424 Barolas Rd., Albuquerque, N. M.
Arringdale, George W., Co. A. R. U. 311, M. T. C. Camp Holabird, Md.
Banaones, Egnato, 2 Washington St., New Reoford, Mass.
Barrus, Donald G., Clinton, Wis.
Bernard, William J., 419 S Street, Sacramento, Calif.
Bernstein, Benjamin F., 4 Colburn St., Ansonia, Conn.
•Blair, Bob I.
Blake, Edward S., Engelmine, Plumas Co., Calif.
Boyle, Edward D., Lexington, Ky.
Buncich, Dan, Ray, Ariz.
Burke, Thomas, 1619 Sherman St., Denver, Colo.
Byram, William S., 4528 7th Ave., Belle Sumpter, Ala.
Canfield, Harold D., East Haddam, Conn.
Chambers, Frank W., Box 152, Juneau, Alaska.
Collina, Thomas F.. 411 West Copper St., Butte, Mont.
Comfort, Harry L., Wellsboro, Penn.
Conlin, Frank V., 415 State St., Camden, N. J.
"^Conner, Williard E., Burnham, Penn.
Conrad, Charles E., R. F. D. 1, La Grande, Ore.
Conrow, Hugh V., 619 W. Shelton St., Santa Clara, Calif.
Cook, Joseph, Nantyglo, Penn.
Costandy, John T., 1432 Main St., Bridgeport, Conn.
Crelling, Roy, Box 11, Burnett, Wash.
Davis, George, Music, Carter Co., Ky.
Dawson, Alexander, 24 McLelland Drive, Kilmarnock, Scotland.
Deati, Carlo, Wallace, Ida.
•Delcamp, William E., 1515 N. Warnock St., Philadelphia, Pa.
Delong, John A., 623 West 5th St., Los Angeles, Calif.
Devlin, James H., Annapolis Junction, Md.
Dorety, James, Campbells, Santa Clara Co., Calif.
Dospital, John, Frank, Alberta, Canada.
Doucette, James E., Gem, Idaho.
Dugan, William P., 301 South Beach St., Carmel, Penn.
Elliott, Charles T., Christopher, 111.
Emmanuel, Arthur B., WhamcliflEe, Mingo Co., W. Va.
Fits, John, 1108 Oakland Ave., Lansing, Mich.
Foreman, Andrew W., Box 166, Payne, Ohio.
Generetti, Tarsilio, Sigillo, Perugia, Italy.
Gerritsen, John, 41 West 23d St., Holland, Mich.
Gilbert, Harvey, 98 Bennet St., Bridgeport, Conn.
Godsey, John L., 1717 Pearl St., Boulder, Colo.
Gregory, William E., Box 18, Harwick, Allen Co., Pa.
•Groves, Oaro, 1617 Barnard St., Waco, Texas.
Hamilton, Jay F.
Hay, Beecher R., 603 E. Market St., Williamstown, Penn.
Hines, William P., Falls Village, Conn.
Howard, Louis H., Box 408, Shreveport, Louisiana.
Holbert, Howard, 1507 Third St., Portsmouth, Ohio.
Holt, William A., Chloride, Arizona.
Hughes, James F., Morgan House, Humbolt, Ariz.
Hurley, James M., 9 Telford St., Brighton, Mass.
Jacoby, Albert P., 1851 South Renfrow St., Springfield, 111.
Jantzen, Thomas E., 2118 East 17th Ave., Denver, Colo.
•Jensen, Lester, 2200 North R St., Smith, Ark.
Jones, Hurshell S., Jasper, Tenn.
Johnson, Glen P., Cleveland, Utah.
Jordan, Andrew, Jr., 310 East Washington St., Mount Pleasant, Penn.
Kennedy, John B., 529 North Franklin St., Butte, Mont.
Klein, Herman W., 148 Rademacher Ave., Detroit, Mich.
Kitifield. Alfred G., 89 Linden Ave., Maiden, Mass.
Lambert, Samuel F., 1433 Harrison St., Davenport, Iowa.
Lapierre, Polydore, Route 1, Concord, N. H.
*Lewi8, LleweUyn C, 1229 East 19th St., Dee Moines, Iowa.
*Lombardo, Dominick, Sovingo Di Bugtio, Alvilano, Italy.
McCarty, William M., Care Columbia Basin Survey Com., Terminal Bldg., Spokane, Wash.
Lindblom, Olaf H., 2603 Hillegrass Ave., Berkeley, Calif.
*McDonald, John, Jr., Washoe, Mont.
McDonald, Walter H., 36 Purcell Ave., Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.
*McEachern, John C, Amherst, Novia Scotia, Canada.
MacPherson, Hugh J., 3727 Fourth Ave., Spokane, Wash.
Madrid, Samuel A., 216 Fifth Ave., Trinidad, Colo.
Matinez, Joe L., Box 235, Morenci, Ariz.
Manihan, William F., Jerome, Ariz.
Mofifett, Lloyd T., Sumner, Wash.
Mona, Armand L., Box 33, San Bernandino, Calif.
Moody, John E., Florence, Ariz.
Moore, Thomas, 839 River Ave., Indianapolis, Ind.
Morrow, Harley H., Athens, Mich.
•Morrow, Robert E., Silver City, Ida.
Neff, Victor W., Slatedale, Penn.
Newcome, Alonzo W., Blanford, Ind.
Nicolakakoos, Andreas, 49 Public Square, Wilkes Barre, Penn.
NUes, Albert M., 136 Cheming St., Waverly, N. Y.
North, James, Fairbanks, Alaska.
Officer, Early D., John Day. Ore.
Olson, Andrew, Kivik, Sweden.
Peterson, Axel, 501 St. Jaen St., Detroit, Mich.
•Peterson, Thorvald B., Randsburg, Kern Co., Calif.
•Pugh, John, 13 Girard Ave., Philadelphia, Penn.
•Refer, Svend, Box 204, Lewistown, Mont.
Richardson, Wilson C, 4901 Hooker St., Denver, Colo.
Ridge, John, 2318 Pond Ave., Scranton, Penn.
Ritterkamp, Godfred H., Freelandville, Ind.
Robertson, WiUiam, 1316 West Grand Ave., North Springfield, 111.
Rodgers, Douglas C, Marfa, Tex.
Rolf, Carl A., 208 Pearl St., New York City.
Ross, George D., P. O. Box 424, Jackson, Calif.
Rowe, James T., 353 West 4th St., Carmel, Penn.
Russell, George £., Orleans, Calif.
Ryan, Joseph D., Battle Mt. Sanitarium, Hot Springs, S. Dakota.
Shaw, Peter M., Box 323, Sonora, Calif.
Signouri, Alexander, Castella, Calif.
Smith, Ferdinand C, Buckville, Arkansas.
Snedden, Walter A., Box 271, Valley, Wash.
Sol, Pete, 16 Pine St., Hazelton, Penn.
Stoelting, Gilbert H., R. No. 5, Plymouth, Wis.
Stucky, Christ, Simon L. S. Mine, Muna, Nevada.
•Styner, Tony G., 1601 E. Jefferson St., Springfield, 111.
Sullivan, Charles, 41 Washington St., High Park, Mass.
Sullivan, William, 2 Corbett PL, LoweU, Mass.
Supon, George J., Clinton St., Darling, Penn.
Taby, William, 216 S. Shamokin St., Shamokin, Penn.
Tanney, Steve, Atlas, Penn.
Thomas, Henry, Box 244, Emmett, Idaho.
Thomson, Harry A., 314 Kennedy St., Ironwood, Mich.
Vernan, Walter E., Lake City, Colo.
Vogel, Walter F., 568 National Ave., Milwaukee, Wis.
WardeU, Albert A., Castle Gate, Utah.
Weckler, Walter P., Almond, Wis.
West, Ray J.. Box 122, Potlatch, Idaho.
Wheeler, Fred, 1220 Manning St., Winifield, Kan.
Wilhelm, George S., Nesquehoing, Penn.
Williams, Harry E., Glouster, Ohio.
Williams, John, Tuolumne, Calif.
Burrage, Robert M., 85 Ames Bldg., Boeton, Mass.
Coffey, George W., 64 Santa Clara Ave., Oakland, Calif.
David, Carl E., 2274 E. 83d St., Cleveland, Ohio.
Keelyn, James L., 335 Palmette Drive, Pasadena, Calif.
In command of Company from Dec, 8, 1018.
Chapin, Douglas B., 894 S. 16th St., Newark, N. J.
Lyon, Claude A., Office Engineer Signal Dept., Wabash R. R., Decatur, III.
Kline, Frank W., Lindstrom, Minn.
Sergeants, First Class
Crete, Lewis A., 208 16th St., Deaendorf. Ore.
Hather, Alfred, R. F. D. No. 6, Box 134, Bakersfield, Kern Co., Calif.
Mullan, John E., 1263 Pennsylvania Ave., Columbus, Ohio.
Spellmeyer, Stanley A., 1481 West 27th St., Los Angeles, Calif.
Traver, William M., Jr., 1118 16th St., Nampa, Ida.
Buchecker, Frank I., 1003 Main St., South, Allentown, Penn.
Gibson, Ralph H. B., 820 Hubbell Bldg., Des Moines, Iowa.
May, Andrew J., University Club, Salt Lake City, Utah.
CoUie, Edward J., Duncan, Aria.
Crouch, Earl B., 1216 Wall St., Portland, Oregon.
Douglas, Dwight I., Colfax, McNolean Co., 111.
Fahey, Robert P., 511 Orchard St., Portage, Penn.
Hall. Charles R., Mullan, Ida.
Loversen, A. Irving, 305 Finance Bldg.,. Kansas City, Mo.
Lewis, John T., Jr., Castle Rock, Wash.
McPherson, Hugh E., Kingman, Ariaona.
Pollock, James H., 612 St. Paul St., Los Angeles, Calif.
Pugh, Peter J., 1200 Mahantongo St., Pottsville, Penn.
•Rutherford, Harold M., 108>^ 1st Ave , Brooklyn, Hibbing, Minn.
Schoonover, Harry L., Reno, Nev.
Teettis, Charles W., Newton, 111.
Templeton, Eugene C, Box B, Downey, Calif.
Wells, Newton C, Globe, Arizona.
Bosustow, Richard, R. F. D. No. 1, Bakersfield, Calif.
Crockett, George H., 1860 Park St., Salt Lake City, Utah.
Dunn, John J., Madison, N. J.
Flink, Fred, 502 3d Ave., Hibbing, Minn.
Gamble, Wallace F., Chichagofif, Alaska.
Grimm, Alexander M., 301 Merritt Bldg., Los Angeles, Calif.
Hefferman, Edwara A., Cottage 3, University Campus, Berkeley, Calif*
Hoffman, Phillip L., Iron Mt., Montana.
Hogoboom, William C, 111 N. Parkwood, Pasadena, Calif.
HoUmeyer, William A., 126 Meade St., Salt Lake City, Utah.
Lynch, Owen A., 40 Merritt St., Plains, Penn.
Mason, Frank H., 1817 Fairmount Ave., Richmond, Va.
Mickelson, Christian R., Ringsted, Iowa.
Ostien, Thomas L., Plymouth, Ore.
Pickett, Henry, St. George, Utah.
Sharp, Henry M., East Katak, Mont.
Sharrar, Thomas A., Cle Elum, Wash.
Sigurdson, Samuel B., Box 142 R, Marshfield, Oregon.
Snead* Emmett L., Beckley, W. Va.
Spangleer, George R., Red Cliff, Colo.
Torvand, Oluf C, 1307 North 68th Ave., West Duluth, Minn
Young, Guy K., 4830 Alki St., Seattle, Wash.
Coatney, Ras M., Marshall, Ark.
Hinkel, Joseph, 101 South Spruce St., Carmel, Penn.
Self, Robert C, 621 East Commerce St., San Antonio, Texas.
Simmons, James L., 337 S. Olive St., Los Angeles, Calif.
Wentz, Arthur L., 524 Second St.* Catasauqua, Penn.
Anderson, Miles T., Route F., Box 464, Fresno, Calif.
Dugat, Joseph C, Tombstone, Ariz.
Pierson, James E., White House Mayer, Prescott, Ariz.
Reininger, Alonzo, 1210 Nolan St., San Antonio, Tex.
•Scott, Francis R.
Maurer, Elmer C, Huron, Calif.
Young, Gilbert C, Box 446, WiUits, Calif.
Bugler, First Class
Casey, Matt, Devede, Via Tonapah, Nevada.
Norton, Howard, R. F. D. No. 3, Plainwell, Mich.
Privates, First Class
Austin, Henry C, Emporia, Kans.
Boback, John J., 134 South Pearl St., Shamokin, Penn.
Boggess, Bandy, Care Ponce de Leon Hotel, Roanoke, Va.
Carothers, Lewis V., Chestate, Georgia.
Clarke, William E., Gilmore, Ida.
Danielson, Charles A., Pasco, Wash.
Fanning, Aloysius O., Riverdale, Md.
Fisher, Bud N., Box 618, McGill, Nev.
Gayson, Joseph K., Arnold, Pa.
George, Ira N., R. F. D. No. 3, Catawissa, Penn.
Goodman, William, 831 East Centre St., Mahoning City, Penn.
Greener, Joseph, 510 W. Main St., Taylorville, 111.
Gullick, Joseph A., Stockton, Penn.
HaU. William H., Santa Clara, Calif.
Halsey, Howard G„ 431 Jackson Ave., Kansas City, Mo.
Haydon, Luther, 500 East 57th St., Seattle, Wash.
Healey, Edward J., 708 Hampston St., Scranton, Penn.
Hess, William A., Manhattan, Nev.
Holt, Louis, 6534 54th Ave., So., Seattle, Washington.
Juell, Edward F., 1501 South Walnut St., Springfield, III.
Keefe, William F., Benedict, Nebraska.
•Kitchen, Harry H., Silverton, Colo.
Lament, Richard M., Care S. K. P. & P., Prescott, Ariz.
Lawson, Albert, 213 West Mission St., Pease, Mo.
Layman, Lawrence E., U. St. Expt. Farm, Fallow, Nevada.
Logan, Thomas, 106 South Main St., Helena, Mont.
Lynch, Charles P., 3508 Brown St., Dallas, Tex.
McCarty, Edward W., Morenci, Arizona.
McDonald, Peter, 119 Main St., Madison, N. J.
Miles, John R., Picher, Okla.
Miller, Henry E., Loomis, Calif.
Maontayne, Roy J., Bristol Htl., Helena, Mont.
Mott, Hugh F., Colona, Colo.
Ostergren, Charles F., 805 North Montana Ave., Miles City, Mont.
Pangburn, Herbert L., Buhl, Ida.
Parr, Samuel T., R. F. D. No. 1, Box 144>^, Bingham, Utah.
Pascoe, Arthur J., 1470 La Salle St., Fresno, Calif.
Peregrine, William D., Tom Boy Gold Mine Co., Smuggler, Colo.
Price, John, 109M First St., Cle Elum, Wash.
•Russell, Henry B.
Schueller, Msthias, R. No. 2, Fowler, Mich.
Scobie, Robert, Cle Elum, Wash.
Sheridan, Michael, Seattle, Wasli.
Smith, Charles V., Jolliett, Penn.
•Smith, Paul B., Bisbee, Ariz.
•Strick, Thomas, Jr., Cle Elum, Wash.
Tierney, Eugene A., Lewis Town, Mont.
Trujillo, Frank T., 360 E. St., San Bernardino, Calif.
Webb, Harry, Ola, Ida.
Weld, Lawrence P., Box 256, Lead, S. Dakota.
Wilson, Noah W.. 39 Cor. Kentucky St., Valleo, Calif.
Young, Hal, Clifton, Aria.
Adamson, Mills W., Canyon City, Ore.
Alder, Alfred, Rapid City, S. Dak.
Anderson, Paul K., 412 West Scrivens St., St. Quitman,^Ga.
Ashroft, Thomas W., Placerville, Ida.
Ball, Walter W.
Banks, John K., 147 Parker St., Scranton, Pa.
Barber, Norman F., 4342 South Flower St., Los Angeles,'' Calif.
Baxter. Arthur, Staffordville, Conn.
Bialogowicz, Albert, 720 So. 15th St., Newark, N. J.
Blackwell, Frederick J., Kellogg, Idaho.
Boulenger, Victor, Blackbear, Ida.
Bradshaw, Arnold, Jackson, Calif.
Brown, John, Salt Lake City, Utah.
Buffatto, Mando. St. David, 111.
Buynack, John G., Miners Mills, Penn.
Cameron, Stewart D., 55 Blue Wing Ave., Walkcrville.^Mont.
Cambell, Edward F., 117 North Grant Ave., Scranton, Penn.
Carnett, William, Marinette, Arizona.
Carroll, John C, Ellangowan St., Shenandoah, Penn.
Clark, Charles S., Hayden, Arizona.
Clark, Joseph H., Box 57, Oatman, Arizona.
Clark, Waldo L., Box 181, Oakland, Calif.
Coad, James J., 8409 Michigan Ave., St. Louis, Mo.
Comfort, Clarence G., Box 870, Jerome, Arizona.
Conley, Charles H., 93 Aliver St., Bath, Maine.
Corbett, Bert, Dolores, Colo.
Cox, Ira, Beaver City, Utah.
Coy, Harry A., 2509 First St., Sacramento, Calif.
Cunningham, Robert A., Gunnison, Utah.
Daley, Eugene C, 53 Smith St., Quincy, Mass.
Davis, Henry A.
Davis, John E., Orndorff Htl., Tucson, Arizona.
Deeben, Frederick D., Trevorton, Penn.
Dempsey, Charles W , MogoUon, N. M.
Denis, George, Care John Kline, Lindstrom, Minn.
Donnelly, James A., 1834 Harrison St., Philadelphia, Penn.
Dougherty, Thomas E., 1208 15th St., Altoona, Penn.
Doyle, Patrick, 1701 North 5th St., Terre Haute, Ind.
Duffy, Edward J., Gilman, Colorado.
Edwards, Edward, Castledale, Utah.
Egan, William K., 10 Cross St., Quincy, Mass.
Eide, Elmer A., 1415 East 4th St., Sioux City, Iowa.
Ellis, James C, Box 3535, Lowell, Arizona.
Ellison, James G., Cima, Calif.
Emmet, James E.
Estes, Lee, 545 West Portland St., Phoenix, Ariz.
Evert, Thomas M., 464 North 2d St., Leighton, Penn.
Finnigan, John J., Nogales, Ariz.
Fisher, Albert J., Tuscon, Ariz.
Flannagan, John L., 183 Garden Ave., Carbondale, Penn.
Foley, Edward J., 19 West St., Shenandoah, Pefln.
Forest, William H., Eagle, Colo.
Gill, Peter, Miami, Ariz.
*Goldbar, Frank, Magdalena, N. M.
Gordan, Roy C, 14 South State St., Salt Lake City, Utah.
Gregory, Harold M., Winner, S. Dak.
Gunderson, Robert, Randsburg, Calif.
Hammonds, Wallace D., 204 North Florence St., Springfield, Ohio.
Harmon, Sydney E., 242 Prescott St., St. Paul, Minn.
Harris, Robert E., Care Frk. Harris, Rossville, Kansas.
•Harwood, Hugh N.
Heinze, Richard W., 286 Buna Vista W., Highland Park, Mich.
Hermanson, Edwin P., Bountiful, Utah.
Higley, Joseph C, Pasadena, Calif.
Hogan, Thomas, 315 Oakland Ave., Brooklyn, N. Y.
Jones, James, 6552 Hoover St., Los Angeles, Calif.
Kearney, Francis L., Pine St., Archibald, Penn.
Krazienski, Joseph, 1499 Rose St., Camden, N. J.
Larrabee, Alfred M., Wilmar, B. C, Canada.
Laydon, Martin, 1619 South 1st St., Springfield, 111.
McCormick, John, Havre, Mont.
Major, Bert A., 606 Keystone Ave., Scranton, Penn.
Marker, Ira C, 1124 Hiawatha Place, Seattle, Wash.
Mattie, Joseph C, Box 211, Whitehaven, Penn.
Mazzarello, Angelo A., Box 248, Willock, Penn.
Melville, Harold B., 524 East 7th St., Leadville, Colo.
Miller, Harry F., 51 6th St., Los Angeles, Calif.
Minser, Thomas, Box 3036, Miami, Arizona.
Mobley, Robert F., 1315 California St., El Paso, Texas.
Monahan, Thomas A., Winthrop, Calif.
Moody, Martin R., R. F. D. No. 1, Fishers Ferry, Penn.
Murray, Robert E., Ely, Nev.
Murray, William J., 2019 Elizabeth St., Springfield, III.
Neveille, John, 2235 Elm St., Youngstown, Ohio.
Noonam, Patrick, Pittsburgh, Penn.
Norris, Frederick A., 75 New York Ave., N. E., Washington, D. C.
Pannebecker, John R., Box 76, Burke, Idaho.
Petty, Jake, 816 North St., Inzerne, Penn.,
Preston, Thomas, Hereford, Tex.
Quinn, Matthew, Garden Valley, Ida.
Quinn, Patrick J., New Kirk, Penn.
Reider, Charles W., R. 4, Shickshinny, Penn.
Reynard, William J., 18 East Thomas St., Miners Mills, Penn.
Robbins, William E.
Ritchie, Harry H., 650 East 3d St., Bloomsburg, Pa.
Riley, Isadore F., Nesquehoning, Penn.
Rundle, Garfield, 114 Dana St., Forty Fort, Penn.
Ryan, Frank M., 28 Greenwood St., Providence, R. I.
Rykacerski, Stanley, 37 Enterprise St., Glenlyon, Penn.
Salberg, Elmer V., 106 So. Main St., Helena, Mont.
Segog, Ray F., 124 East 3d St., Duluth, Minn.
Severson, Albert J., 1106 N. Harrison St., Pocatillo, Ida.
Shearer, John M., Wallace, Ida.
Sherman, Ira E., Box 255, Kingman, Ariz.
Sloan, William H., Miami, Arizona.
Smith, Thomas J., Gold Hill, Colo.
Smith, Walter D., Springfield, 111.
Sobashinski, Frank, Plymouth, Penn.
Spaulding, Thomas, Salt Lake City, Utah.
Spiller, Elias S., R. F. D. No. 4, Gilbertsville, Penn.
Stephens, Arthur J., Box 624, Victor, Colo.
Stitzinger, Floyd R., Maricopa, Calif.
Sturdy, David, Charlestown, Ark.
Taylor, Oscar P.
Thibault, Ernest P., 25 Cloudman St., Salem, Mass.
Tunney, James J.
Ufheil, Joseph J., Peetsburg, N. J.
Vance, Amos S., 250 12th St., Idaho Falls, Ida.
Vining, George F., Eureka, Calif.
Viola, Frank, 227 Franklin St., Dunmore, Penn.
Wallace, Matthew, Box 24, Matthew, Wyo.
Watson, Nicholas, 1922 15th Ave., Gary, Ind.
Whipple, Frank O., 119 W. Bway., Butte, Mont.
Wilcox, Francis D., Farmington, Utah.
Wollyung, Joseph N., 2147 West Market St., Pottsville, Penn.
Zasicki, Stanislaw, 52 West Grand St., Nanticoke, Pa.
Burnside, Lewis E., 325 State St., Grove City, Penn.
In command since Dec. 10, 1918.
Wikoflf, Charles E. G.. 307 ViUa St.. Venice, Calif.
Groener, Emil C, 1051 Waveland Ave., Chicago, 111.
Green, Waldron A., 219 Tennyson Ave., Palo Alto, Calif
Brown, Charles C, Calienta, Kern Co., Calif.
Sergeants, First Class
Brooks, Charles A., 116 Ellison St., Leeds, S. Dak.
Kinearson, Pete M., R. F. D. No. 1, Milwaukie, Ore.
Sorby, Joseph A., 204 Lake St., Chisholm. Minn.
Webb, Lloyd F., Sterling Hotel, San Francisco, Calif.
Leftwich, Edwin P., Morenci, Aria.
Bicknell, Harold L., 52 Hennessy Annex, Butte, Mont.
Bensinger, William R., Edwardaport, Ind.
Champagne, Joseph R., Box 6S3, Hayden, Ariz.
Hagan, George F., 921 Lampton St., Louisville, Ky.
Harvel, George, Reprisa, Calif.
Joyce, Edwin, Spokane, Wash.
Layne, Langsten, Gordon, Texas.
Lynch, William W., Darien, Conn.
McManigal, Allen P., 683 Linwood Ave., Columbus, Ohio.
MitcheU, Albert B., 405M Main St., Lead, S. Dak.
Peek, Ray E., Box 493, Miami, Ariz.
Bilderback, Alexander, Box 1603, Jerome, Ariz.
Bright, Charles, Salinville, Ohio.
Brooks, Clarence L., 1343 E. Capitol St., Washington, D. C.
Farsberg, John, 78 Bok St., Bisbee, Ariz.
Farmer, Edward G., 714 Byers Ave., Joplin, Mo.
Hall, Ernest, Box 317, Phoenix, Arizona.
Hendra, Percy E., 654 West 35th St., Los Angeles, Calif.
Hettinger, George D., Weiser, Ida.
Janney, Philip H., Box 297, Bowling Green, Ky.
Kent, William, Cordova, Alaska.
Klepler, Robert M., Box 823, Harrisburg, Pa.
MoKenna, James J., 812 Railroad Ave., Pana, 111.
Moran, Robert L., Flat River, Mo.
Moroni, Theodore, 101 Flesheim Sy., Iron Mountain, Mich.
Ryan, John A., Box 383, Salinville, Ohio.
Wrey, William M., North Miami, Okla.
Wickes, Charles D., Reno, Nev.
Wittle, William, Denver, Colo.
Young, George H., 767 27th St., Des Moines, Iowa.
Zoulden, Robert, Burnett, Wash.
Carter, Roy E., Cutler, 111.
Issaacson, William, 51 South Main St., Helena, Mont.
Johnson, Thure P., 20 Fairbank St., Worcester, Mass.
Lawson, Ova W., Baxter. W. Va.
Pierson, Peter, Bisbee, Aria.
Wood, Mathew L., Box 152, Miami, Okla.
Beal, Wesley, 1412 East Jackson St., Springfield, 111.
Chapman, Zeph S., 726 S^geant Ave., Joplin, Mo.
Lenke, Charles H., 518 Stephenson Ave., Menominee, Mich.
Malstrom, John E., Box 293, South Range, Mich.
Mertaugh, Martin P., Hassel, Mich.
Browarski, Edward W., Gen. Delivery, Taylor ville. 111.
Privates, First Class
Anderson, Martin T., Box 821, Globe, Ariaona.
Barrett, William E.
Berg, Axel R., Sovo Tovy, Finland.
Bounous, Reuben D., R. F. D. No. 4, Monett, Mo.
Bott, Mathew, 365 Lee Ave., Collinsville, 111.
Bowers, Fred, 117 Harlem Ave., Joplin, Mo.
Boyer, Robert W., Route No. 2, Seneca, Mo.
Burt, Louis, 221 Levee St., Kansas City, Mo.
Cheek, William M., 640 Turk St., San Francisco, Calif.
Commolly, Coleman, Battle Mountain, Nev.
Crowe, John A., Hotel Diller, Seattle, Wash.
Endean, William, 2223 Bancroft St., Port Huron, Mich.
Esser, John T., Tombstone, Arizona.
Esser, William T., Prescott, Aria.
Ewing, Roes, Y. M. C. A. Bldg., Ishpeming, Mich.
Fairman, Harry S., Essex Hotel, Kansas City, Mo.
Genord, Joseph E., 836 Summett St., Hancock, Mich.
Gilbert, Tom, Omaha, Ark.
Hansen, Marius, Angels Camp, Calif.
Hickson, Allen, Jerome, Ariz.
Hopkins, Harold C, 47 McGovern Ave., Ashtabula, Ohio.
Hoyt, William M., R. F. D. No. 6, Owensboro, Ky.
Isck. Xavier F., R. R. 6, Belleville, HI.
Jewell, George H., Box 481, Fort Bayard, N. Mexico.
King, Frank T., 215 Pine St., Massillon, Ohio.
Leiphart, Conrad, 311 South Elm Ave., Munising, Mich.
Lewis, Harry E., Pickneyville, 111.
Lochrie, John M., 201 West Pearl Ave., Joplin, Mo.
Lock, James W., Mellette, S. Dak.
Mahan, Ernest L., Picher, Okla.
Massie, Isadore L., Vulcan, Mich.
McFeeley, Harold R., Finley ville, Penn.
Moore, Barney W., Duenweg, Mo.
Najar, Philip, Bear Valley, Calif.
Needham, Clarence L., 713 Jacob St., Escanaba, Mich.
Nordstrom, John A., Box 31, Riverside P. O., Duluth, Minn.
Norris, Walter J., Care Blue Flint Chatt Co., Onopaw, Okla.
Ossman, Richard R., 220 West 3d St., Carmel, Penn.
Parker, Thomas, 1109 North Sherman St., Bay City, Mich.
Peterson, Carl E., Stambaugh, Mich.
Peterson, Gust, Stambaugh, Mich.
Prophet, John, Seneca, Mo.
Reeves, LeRoy, Route No. 5, Box No. 488, Joplin, Mo.
Reppert, James H., Hepibsh, W. Va.
Rohan, Francis E., 2201 Pearl St., Joplin, Mo.
Smith, Clifford A., 3017 Brooklyn Ave., Kansas City, Mo.
Smith, Everett P., North Terre Haute, Ind.
Sperr, Raymond, Ahmeek, Mich.
Wier, Paul R., Tarr River, Okla.
Wellman, Jay, Trad, Ky.
Worthington, Lester S., Care Wheeler & Worthington, Casper, Wyo.
Irion, Joseph M. A., 973 West Terrace 50, Los Angeles, Calif.
Jones, Oscar S., Greenwood, Arkansas.
Adams, John H., R. F. D. No. 2, Mexico, Ky.
Akins, Troy, Leadville, Ark.
Allen, Teddy, Flatwillow, Montana.
Amosbury, Karl J., Ray, Aria.
Anderson, Joseph E., 713 River Ave., Iron Mountain, Mich.
Atkerson, James E., R. F. D. No. 1, Cartersville, Mo.
Bailey, WUliam F., R. F. D. No. 2, Box No. 160, JopUn, Mo.
Ball, Arthur R., 614 West Michigan St., Jacksonville, 111.
Bassett, Charles W., Park City, Mont.
Belcher, Willie J., Tad, W. Va.
Bennett, Edgar E., Delwood, 111.
Bennetts, Matt., Free Coinage Mine, Clancy, Mont.
Benson, Milton, Box 674, Far River, Oklahoma.
Blackman, Leo S., A. S. & R. Co., Caldena, Chile, S. A.
Blevins, Andy, 637 E. Greemip St., Ashland, Ky.
Boehmer, Edwin J., 6437 West Park Ave., St. Louis, Mo.
Boettcher, Ernest A., 216 E. Mill St., Staunton, 111.
Bohlander, Louis E., 406 Main St., Pekin, 111.
Boyer, Henry W., Evansville, Ind.
Bryan, George E., Box 706, Virden, 111.
Carney, Raymond F., Hermansville, Mich.
Childross, Cale, 422 Baxter St.. Neosho, Mo.
Clark, Archie, Sawyerville, 111.
• Clem, Ralph, 716 North 17th St., Herrin, 111.
Coleman, Wilber H., 1502 Virginia St., Joplin, Mo.
Curl, Arthur E., 414 Fairfax Ave., Bessemer, Ala.
Doherty, Daniel, Payette, Ida.
Day, Daniel, Kingman, Aria.
Dombrosky, Albert J.. 567 Oak St., Toledo, Ohio.
Donnelly, Thomas, 244 Stephen St., Belleville, N. J.
Dortch, Jeff D., Davenport, Ky.
Dowell, Richard, Harlan, Ky.
Downs, Edward, Elkhorn, Jefferson County, Mont.
Doyla, Bernard H., Caseyville, 111.
Dutro, Harry F., R. F. D. No. 2, Joplin, Mo.
Erskine, James G., Allenville, Mich.
Ewbank, Raymond, Virden, 111.
Ferguson, James E., 328 Belgrove Drive, Kearny, N. J.
Fick, John G., Weldon, Mo.
Fox, Charles B., 51 Douglas St., Hammond, Ind.
Franklin, George F., Cambria, Wyo.
Glenn, Clyde, El Monte, Calif.
Gregory, John K, 688 Marshall Ave., St. Paul, Minn.
Griffith, Robert C, Eldorado, 111.
Gustafson, Edward L., R. F. D. No. 1, Mt. Jewitt, Penn.
Haglar, Ernest, Dorrisville, HI.
Hall, John W., Wickenburg, Ariz.
Foster, Frank D., 186 28th St., Milwaukee, Wis.
Hanley, Martin F., 4626 Vernon Ave., St. Louis, Mo.
Hansen, Herbert I., Aiemont Ave., Ramsey, N. J.
Hare, Donald E., 16 W. Jackson St., Battle Creek. Mich.
Heck, Jacob C, Burke, Idaho.
Herring, Daniel B.. Cherry Hotel, Cherry St., Joplin, Mo.
HiU, WUford, Carriers Mills, HI.
Hoerauf, Herbert, R. No. 5, Bay City, Mich.
Hope, John D., Hudnall, W. Va.
Humphreys, Walter S., R. F. D. No. 1. Elkville, 111.
Huguenot, Harry, Rush, Ky.
Hurt, James G., 530 South Devon St.. Webb City, Mo.
Ingold, Parmenavs J., Kincaid, III.
Isabell, Chester, 117 South Adf^m8 St., Peoria, 111.
Ivy, Jesse J., 662 Anna St., Hillsboro, 111.
Kessler, Leo J., Harvel, 111.
Kopp, Albert, 2219 Hamilton Blvd., Detroit, Mich.
Kugler, OUie L., Mugler, Ala.
Landers, Charles W., Brookton, Mass.
Larus, Stanley, Box 214, Stonington, 111.
Lawrence, Mason L., R. F. D. No. 50, Pawnee, fll.
Lloyd, Harry L., Virden, 111.
Long, Henry A., R. F. D. No. 1, Menett, Mo.
Lorasch, Frank T., 271 Edward St., Houghton, Mich.
Macario, John, 2451 C St., Calumet, Mich.
Malone, William O., Coalmont, Ind.
Markle, John R., 115 Bond St., Allegan, Mich.
Marlowe, Philip J., 902 Front St., Ripley, Mich.
Martini, Rudolph, Vulcan, Mich.
Matson, John A., 614 North 7th St., Gladstone, Mich.
Maynard, Monroe, Job, Ky.
MoBee, James E., Box 657, Commerce, Okla.
McDonald. Allen B., 112 West 7th St., Leadville, Colo.
McDonald, John A., Bisbee, Aris.
McDonald, Kenneth F., 5036 49th Ave., S. W., Seattle, Wash.
McFerson, James H., Parkfield, Calif.
MoGowen, Patrick J., 117 Stephens Ave., South Amboy, N. J.
Merwin, Ralph H., Gulliver, Mich.
Modders, William M., 725 12th St., Grand Rapids, Mich.
Merkich, Andre, 27 South Gillard St., Butte, Mont.
Muehlenbeck, Frank A., R. F. D. No. 4, Saginaw, Mich.
Mueller. Theo H., Mt. Olive, 111.
•Murray, James W,
Nebel, George T., 320 Wisconsin Ave., Gladstone, Mich.
Nelson, Clora, 713 Jacob St., Escanaba, Mich.
Nelson, Martin, 502 Big Four St., Eldorado, 111.
O'Brien. James, Assumption, 111.
O'Neal, Pilotm E., Clarkesville, Ark.
Oxnam, Edward R., 389 Superior St., Milwaukee, Wis.
Patterson, Donald W., R. F. D. No. 1, Freeland, Mich.
Peck, Harrison M., 2152 Thomas Ave., Grand Rapids, Mich.
Pemberton. Lewis M., Holden, Mo.
Pernetta, Frank J., R. F. D. No. 1, Vulcan, Mich.
Perry, William F., McCurtain, Okla.
Peterson, Carl E.. Crystal Falls, Mich.
Posthuma, Menno, Care Mrs. Bleo, Harrison, S. Dakota.
Prideaux, Boyd J.. 954 Beach Ave., St. Louis. Mo. Federal Reserve Bank, St. Louis, Mo.
Rank, John E., 340 East Tamarack St., Iron Weed, Mich.
Ragon, Edward D., Bokosh, Okla.
Rann, Hugh, Harrisburg, III.
Rasmussen, George B., 436 Cedar St., Sault St. Marie, Mich.
Raymond, Harvey W., Baraga, Mich.
Rielly, William J., 1349 Maude Ave., Grand Rapids, Mich.
Rice, Shelvy J., Farmersville, Ky.
Richards, Harry, Winthrop, Shasta Co., Calif.
Ritchey, Marvin, 515 N. Liberty St., Cherryvale, Kansas.
Robinson, Walter A., 833 Cedar St.. Carthage, Mo.
Salada, Grant, Eleanora* Penn.
Schanuel, Albert C, Caseyville, 111.
Schoumakers, Nicholas, Sauk Rapids, Minn.
Sheddy, Charles, Shelburn, Ind.
Sherod, Glen W., Keesauqua, Iowa.
Smith, Andrew, Beecreek, 111.
Stanton, Frank, 40 East Ist St., North Platte. Neb.
Stegal, Havre, Hellier, Ky.
Stockfish, George F., Jr., 3845 Boulevard, North Bergen, N. J.
Stout, Louis, 622 Gray Ave., Joplin, Mo.
Studen, Gus., Springfield, 111.
Summerville, Miley G., Picher, Okla.
Sullens, Stanley A., 1272 E. 83d St., Cleveland, Ohio.
Sullivan, Daniel T., Helena, Mont.
Sullivan, Edward, Assumption, 111.
Talley, Harley J., Johnston City, 111.
Trier, Harry T., 1601 Minor St., Idaho Springs, Colo.
Thompson, Nicholas N., Deep water. Mo.
Tygenhoff, Alfred, 770 Newark Ave., Jersey City, N. J.
Vanhooee, Freelan, Nippa, Ky.
Williams, Samuel M., Thomas, Okla.
Wilmoth, Claude L., Orange, Mo.
Wilson, John W., Madisonville, Okla.
Wilson, William C, Inspiration, Ariz.
Wright, William T., Russellville, Ark.
Brown, Claud D., P. O. Box 96, Altadena, Calif.
Pearce, Clyde M., 215 Citisens State Bank Bldg., Brainerd, Minn.
Kinney, Harry D., Box 994, American P. O., Shanghai.
Squibbs, Warner S., 2322 Jenny Lind St., McKeesport, Penn.
Butner, Daniel W., Care N. M. H. K., Congo Beige, Africa, via Cape Town and Rhodesia.
Miller, David B., R. F. D. 5, Baxter Springs, Kansas.
Sergeants, First Class
Larson, Ernest L., Care V. S. & L. Mining Co., Front Creek, Mont.
Parsons, Walter M., 409 East First St., Denver, Colo.
Strode, John W., Box 1714, Miami, Arizona.
Wilfong, Ralph G., Box 147, Fairmont, W. Va.
Thomas, John L., 1300 Green St., Douglas, Ariz.
Rose, Joseph, 10301 Pierpont Ave., Cleveland, Ohio.
Agee, James F., 1429 Charleston St., Charleston, W. Va.
Barron, Frank J., Anita, Penn. '
Hiding, Andrew J., 728 Utah Ave., Butte, Mont.
Hackett, Thomas J, 282 Locust St., Red Bank, N. J.
Johnston, Adam, Sunnyside, Penn.
Lucas, Ciril D.
Monroe, Irving K., Oliver Iron Mfg. Co., Hibbing, Minn.
Norton, John R., 220 8th Ave. West, Huntington, W. Va.
Scholee, Alfred H., Granby, Mo.
Taylor, Thomas, Box 190, OnapaW, Okla
Watton, James A., R. F. D. No. 5, Bay City, Mich.
Willin, Ciril R., Care Myron Tythe, Hurley, Wis.
Barrett, Russell M., 538 Fifth St., Parkersburg, W. Va. P. O. Box 422, Parkersburg, W. Va.
Cummings, Cnarlie, 640 Nevada St., Butte, Mont.
Degraflfenreid, Eddie, Neosho, Mo.
Delaney, Edwin P., Pittsburg, Kan.
Erickson, Gust, 207 S. Dakota St., Butte, Mont.
Eubankfl, George, E. J. Longyear Co., 710 Security Bldg., Minneapolis, Minn.
Eaves, William R., 205 Eureka St., Weatherford, Tex.
Garrett, Harley R., Spadra, Ark.
Grim, Simon P., 332 S. Montana St., Butte, Mont.
Kennedy, Cecil F., 1409 E. 53d St., Chicago, 111.
Kuhns, Louis M., Gibson, New Mexico.
Lyons, Percy G., Parrott, Va.
Merwin, Dan. S., Bisbee, Aris.
Quinn, Patrick P., South Fork, Penn.
Rapach, Charlie, Box 115, Smith Mills, Penn.
Reed, Joseph E., Omar, W. Va.
Rinn, William F., Houghton, Mich.
Swanson, Ernest R., 622 S. Pine St., Ispheming, Mich.
Swindell, Edward W., 928 Santa Barbara Road, Berkeley, Calif.
Wyosnick, John F., 216 W. Adam St., Iron River, Mich.
Adair, William, 58 Annbank By Ayr, Ayrshire, Scotland.
Aleksendrovichey, Joseph, 83 La Martine St., Worcester, Mass.
Brady, John H.
Brouiletta, William J., Box 107, Uxbridge, Mass.
Fryer, Franklin B., R. F. D. No. 1, Andover, N. J.
Haley, Festus R., 103 S. Welch St., Hillsboro, lU.
Bugler, First Class
Persiehillo, John, Acquaviva, Collcrose Di Cohpovasso, Italy.
Cotow, Gozimer, Box 122, JofFre, Penn.
Duffield, Thomas, 2620 Spruce St., Kansas City, Mo.
Isreal, George W., 47 Haledon St., Patterson, N. J.
Chellman, William E., 4411 La Crosse Ave., Chicago, 111.
Fightmaster, Fred D., Care B. Groevenor, Pomfret Center, Conn.
Freeman, Edward D., 320H Via Ave., Joplin, Mo.
Neil, Cleo A., 610 Pearl St., Joplin, Mo.
Sage, Sidney D., 535 First Ave., North St. Petersburg, Fla.
Privates, First Class
Ackriell, James, Black Pine, Ida.
Aiello, Antonio, Tono, Wash.
Antosy, Steven J., Jr., 415 Laurel St., Reading, Penn.
Baker, Christopher, Braddock, East Pittsburgh, Penn.
Bardol, George E., 2235 Missouri Ave., St. Louis, Mo.
Beeley, William H., Hawk Run, Penn.
Bosone, Joseph, 405 Mutual Life Bldg., Seattle, Wash.
Branagh, James, 934 16th St., Douglas, Ariz.
Brown, John T., 717 W. Monroe, Herrin, 111.
Caruso, Clement, Ramsey Town, Penn.
Cleary, Emmet C, 515 Diamond St., Butte, Mont.
Cli£Ford, Benjamin, 1830 Elm St., Butte, Mont.
Cox, Edward F., 16 Devans St., Roxbury, Mass.
Dailey, James V., Lattimer Mines, Penn.
Dennis, Robert A., 403 Layfayette St., Jacksonville, 111.
Donnelly, Hugh, Pawnee, 111.
Donnelly, Michael, Kincaid, 111.
Garnett, George A., 304 Johnson Ave., West Terre Haute, Ind.
Gideon, Ernest W., 1308 Missouri Ave., Joplin, Mo.
Grant, Harry E., Eagle Bend, Minn.
Handock, Thomas J., 427 Mahoney St., Butte, Mont.
Haughian, Hugh, 1008 West SUver St., Butte, Mont.
Hiller, Otto J., Staunton, 111.
Jankovich, Louis M., Rijeka, Montenegro.
Jennings, Robert E., Tyrone, N. M.
Jenson, Roy C, R. F. D. No. 1, P. O. Box 16, Sandy City, Utah.
Jonee, Walter F., Route No. 6, Cherry vale, Kans.
Kapa, Steve, 82 East Park St.. Butte, Mont.
Kinnan, Carl, R. F. D. No. 4, Morgantown, W. Va.
Kitterman, Jesse, Louisville, Ky.
Knox, Roy J., Wilder, Mont.
Landrum, Alva, Rockford, Ky.
Lewis, Evans J., Smokerun, Penn.
Liddle, Russell G., MiflBin, Wis.
Linkous, Fred R., Westfowsme, Tenn.
Long, Earl A., Nisswa, Minn.
Madsen, Marinus, Poplar and Elm Sts., Fords, N. J.
Malone, Mason R., Philippi, W. Va.
McCarthy, James, 1809 Grace St., Hannibal, Mo.
McGeehon, Arthur W., Odin, 111.
Page, James W., 301 St. Louis Ave., Joplin, Mo.
Pierce, Ralph E., 2141 East Williams St., Decatur, 111.
Potter, RoUin, Shullsburg, Lafayette Co., Wis. .
Power, Walter, Manhattan, Nevada.
Price, John W., 109>^ First St., Cle Elum, Wash.
RatdifF, Alpha B., Box 424, Courtland, Ariz.
Rheinheimer, Oscar C, 405 South Florence St., El Paso, Tex.
Richey, Charles J., Rich Hill, Mo.
Robertson, George S., 1008 Ann Arbor St., Flint, Mich.
Schuts, August, 295 Calverly St., Houghton, Mich.
Scott, Roy, Regina, Ky.
Smith, John C, 329 National Ave., West Terre Haute, Ind.
Smotser, John, Philipsburg, Penn.
Tepper. Frederick J., 1034 Pine St., Grand Rapids, Mich.
Thacker, Marion, Pikeville, Ky.
Town, William E., Crenshaw, Penn.
Trevarthan, James R., Bessemer, Mich.
Wellbrock, Fred J., Kingsbridge P. O., N. Y.
Whitehair, Frederick E., Box 135, Flemington, W. Va.
Zurawski, Vincent, 887 23d St., Detroit, Mich.
Andrews, Arville, Worthington, Ind.
Bader, Edward, 124 Meridan St., Chicopee, Mass.
Banks, Jesse L., Dekoven, Ky.
Bental, Richard C, 604 Benoi Ave., Fairmont, W. Va.
Bernadina, Frank, Superior, Penn.
Brader, Walter H., 301 Joplin St., Joplin, Mo.
Bradshaw, Marine, R. F. D. No. 3, Harrisburg, 111.
Brown, August B., R. F. D. No. 1, Somerset, Penn.
Brown, James E., Thunderhawk, S. Dak.
Bruner, Alonso, Tower Hill, 111.'
Burke, Ralph J., Portage St., LUly, Penn.
Carney, James, Route 24, La Salle , 111.
Cashman, Elmer M., 2532 12th Ave., Seattle, Wash.
Chespa, Joe, Cresson, Penn.
Creech, Sylvester, Keck, Ky.
Cullen, Marshall B., New Cumberland, W. Va.
Dalin, Erick, 920 Fifth Ave., Helena, Mont.
Davis, George, Music, Ky.
Davis, John H., 1104 Monroe St., Vicksburg, Miss.
Delahanty, Edwin P., Virden, 111.
Elmore, Frank, R. F. D. No. 8, Brasil, Ind.
Findley, James, Scobey, Mont.
Foy. Thomas, 522 N. Montana St., Butte, Mont.
Franklin, Jesse, Irvong, 111.
Gavas, Harry, Perins, Colo.
Geran, Daniel, Box 295, Ajo, Aris.
Goeboro, Charles, Morrisdale, Pa. Gen. del.
Goninan, Richard, Seattle, Wash.
*Goodman, Herbert J.
Gremaud, Joseph E., 6136 Berthe Ave., St. Louis, Mo.
Hale, Ben K., 303 Normandie Hotel, Columbus, Ohio.
Hamilton, Alfred, 305 South State St., Pana, 111.
Hamilton, John T., 305 South State St., Pana, 111.
Hanks, Saul, Port Neches, Texas.
Harris, James, 437 7th St., Niagara Falls, N. Y.
Harris, Thomas M., 502 Fulton St., Port Clinton, Ohio.
Hart, Samuel, Sellick, Wash.
Hegg, Simon J., 605 12th St., Virginia. Minn.
Hocking, Richard, Box 250, Nash wank, Minn.
Hondogo, Metro, Hawk Run, Penn.
Hughs, Robert, R. F. D. No. 1. Drill, Va.
Huweiler, Charlie P., P. O. Box 21. North Redwood, Minn.
Janush, Joseph, 54 La Belle Ave., Detroit, Mich.
Jones, Sylvester, Box 51, Excello, Mo.
Justice, Shannon, Mattewan, W. Va.
Kapusta, Jacob J., Ramey, Penn.
Kaylor, Fred, Box 133, Stonington, HI.
Keenan, Bartley, Herminie, Penn.
King, Sydney L., R. F. D. No. 1, Jewett, Tex.
Kriege, George W., Breese, 111.
Laves, Mike, San Antonio, New Mexico.
Liebner, Ralph A., 312 East Diamond Ave., Hazelton, Penn.
Lingle, Dan S., R. F. D. No. 2, De Soto, 111.
Lippold, Henry F., Staunton, 111.
Love, Francis H., Box 72, R. F. D. 7, Morgantown, W, Va.
Ludwig, Charles F., Engelmine P. O., Plumas Co., Cal.
Lueras, David O., Primero, Colo.
Mace, Everett F., Iberia, Mo.
May, William, Cherokee, Ky.
McAllister, Walter E., Breese, 111.
McLinden, Hugh, Sarah St., Hauard, Penn.
Michaeli, Adam P., Breese, 111.
Miles, Walter E., 1105 W. Calhoun St., Springfield, 111.
Minnick, William F., 163 Belonda St., Mt. Wash., Pittsburgh, Pa.
Morrow, Floyd W., Downey, Calif.
Morton, Rufas, Winslow, Ind.
Muncey, Harrison, Yukon, W. Va.
Nevins, Cecil J., Fontanet, Ind.
Niccum, Walter, Route A. West Terre Haute, Ind.
Normand, Richard S., Copper Hill, Aris.
Oben, AU E., 1550 Bath Ave., Brooklyn, N. Y.
Pastrice, Charlie E., 1704 Rosevelt Ave., N. E., Canton, Ohio.
Peterson, Hiram S., Bessemer, Ala.
Petolla, Silvio, 1648 Webster St., Pittsburgh, Pa.
Powell, Alma J., Bountiful, Utah.
Powell, William H., HeUier, Pike Co., Ky.
Ramsier, Jacob, Staunton, 111.
Ranger, John J., Ironwood, Mich.
Ripley, John G., 1227 College Ave., Kansas City, Mo.
Roberts, Jacob, 2711 Penn Ave., Pittsburgh, Penn.
Roe, William F., Dofter, Mich.
Ryan, Charles W., 326 Hirsley St., Sault Ste. Marie, Mich.
Samida, Matt, Jr., 427 Osoola St., Lawium, Mich.
Sandlin, Ray A., 002 Sergeant Ave., Joplin, Mo.
Schuler, Joseph, 928 Railroad Ave., Hancock, Mich.
Scott, Marshall C, Ellamorn, W. Va.
Settregren, Harold S., 720 Park Ave., Manistique, Mich.
Shadley, Calvin S., 512 E. 6th Ave., Flint, Mich.
Shanley, Bernard T., 269 Kircheral Ave., Detroit, Mich.
Shatusky, Harry H., 806 Marinette Ave., Menominee, Mich.
Shea, Robert M., Houghton, Mich.
Sieracki, Stanley, 714 Davis Ave., Grand Rapids, Mich.
Sleeman, Harold, Iron River, Mich.
Smallwood, Charles, Pinesville, Ky.
Smith, Albert J., 1652 Austin Ave., Racine, Wis.
Smith, Elmer C, Strattonville, Clarion Co., Pa.
Smith, Harry T., 904 Arlington Ave., Washington, Mo.
Smith, Roy R., 280 W. Aurora St., Ironwood. Mich.
Smits, Henry, 951 Thomas Ave., Grand Rapids, Mich.
Snell, Howard, 567 Vohris Ave., Gladstone, Mich.
Soderberg, Arnold G., 800 Crystal Ave., Crystal Falls, Mich.
SpUka, Abe, 41 16th Ave., Newark, N. J.
Stewart, Robert H., 901 Swinton St., Sault Ste. Marie, Mich.
Stolts, George E., 1611 Lapier St., Saginaw, Mich.
Strevel, Henry S., 1305 Adams St.. Bay City, Mich.
Strole, Thomas H., West Terre Haute, Ind.
Swanson, Gus, Lanse, Clearfield Co., Penn.
Switabki, Joe R., Elbert, W. Va.
Sutherland, Donald L., 110 Trowbridge St., Grand Rapids, Mich.
Taylor, Frank, Hermansville, Mich.
Taylor, Herman G., 1410 12th St., Sault Ste. Marie, Mich.
Thomas, Frederick, Odon, Ind.
Thomas, George Q., Jenkins, Mo.
Thompson, William R., 813 Johnson St., Sault Ste. Marie, Mich.
Thornsberry, Chester, Harrisburg, 111.
Toney, Jesse, Blooming Rose, W. Va.
Tressler, John B., South Connellsville, Penn.
Trevarthan, George C, Bessemer, Mich.
Trybom, Otto W., Iron River, Mich.
Tuxworth, Ronald J., 1619 4th St., Sault Ste. Marie, Mich.
Underwood, Dwight L., 39 Massachusetts Ave., Springfield, Mass.
Ufkeil, Joseph C, 881 Drexel Ave., Detroit, Mich.
Vigil, Fidel, Trinidad, Colo.
Wanieo, Hineo K., 617 Finn St., Hancock, Mich.
Walthero, Joseph A., 3738 Downing St., Denver, Colo.
Walton, Roscoe, Allen, Kan.
Wasseen, Godfrey, Grassflat, Penn.
White, Earl, Glen White, W. Va.
Wick, Arthur G., Grass Flat, Penn.
Williams, Frank, Ashland, 111.
Willis, Elmer, 5166 Minerva Ave., St. Louis, Mo.
Wolfe, Oral J., Tunnelton, W. Va.
Wolff, Philip E., 1803 Emma St., Menominee, Mich.
Wormwood, , James W., Amasa, Mich.
Zenner, Ernest R., 191 Douglas St., Houghton, Mich.
Tallant, John D., Braden Copper Co., Rancagua, Chile, S. A.
Denithorne, George S., 312 Penn. St., Huntington, Penn.
Atkins, James A., R. F. D. No. 2, Lexington, Ky.
Lahy. WUder M.. Bright Waters, L. I., N. Y.
De Berry, William E., 228 Drum St., San Francisco, Calif.
Crouch, Erwin N., Federal Reserve Bk., Portland, Oregon.
Sergeants, First Class
Kemp, Herbert, 125 S. Curry St., Ironwood, Mich.
Ramage, David A., 291 Woodside Ave., Newark, N. J.
Shanahan, Walter E., 239M Summit Ave., Jersey City, N. J.
Shellcrosslee, Harry, 219 Fulton PL, Canton, III.
Brooks, Oscar F., Burlington, N. Dakota.
Benedict, Clifford L., 1020 Jackson Ave., Joplin, Mo.
Deckermann, Frederich H., 637 Franklin St., Eliiabeth, N. J.
Franklin, Earl R., 246 &. 13th St., San Jose, Calif.
Gallagher, Frederick G., 16 St. Lukes PI., Montclair. N. J.
Jerrow, William, 204 Van Buren St., Newark. N. J.
Kellett, John A., 113 Ash St., Ironwood, Mich.
Loeffel, Louis, 946 Hamblet PI., North Bergen, N. J.
Logan, Richard E., 118 So. McCormick St., Prescott, Aris.
McPherson, James D., 41 Seattle Ave., San Jose, Calif.
Norton, Russell S., Needles, Calif.
Peterson, August R., 72nd Ave., Warren, Pa.
Gibbons, Earl E., 3263 Gilham Blvd., Kansas City, Mo.
McDermott, Steven F., 357 E. 68th St.. New York City.
Brown, Almon W., 1139 Prospect Ave., Springfield, Mo.
Carlson, Carl S^., Box 181, Norway, Mich.
Dushane, Frank, Box 748, Negaunee, Mich.
Evans, James B., 1422 S. Fayette St., Saginaw, Mich.
Godden, Forrest F., 520 E. Center St., Marion, Ohio.
Hand, James, Box 126, Joplin, Mo.
Hennig, Carl, 366 E. Mercury St., Butte, Mont.
Hodson, Earnie L., Baxter Springs, Kan.
Leasure, Le Vere L., Larnerd, Kan., Home address. A. E. F. School Det., University of
Birmingham, Birmingham, England.
Mabie, George H., North Bergen, N. J.
Mihlbach, Peter E.. 618^ East St.. Parkersburg. W. Va.
Ray, Harry H., 128 S. Main St.. Harrisburg, 111.
Ruyak, Michael. 913 E. 4th St., So. Bethlehem, Penn.
Singelton, Dave A.. Sutherland, Utah, via Delta.
Smallman, Emery S., Springton, W. Va.
Smitd, Carlyle D.. Clear Creek. Carbon Co., Utah.
Swearingen, Edward T., Ft. Scott, Kan.
Towsey, Raymond M.. 409 So. Arch St., Connellsville. Penn.
Williams, Paul K., 505 Pine St., Anaconda, Mont.
•Ault, Frank B., Old Albuquerque, N. Mex.
Congleton, Charles, 810 E. Laurel Ave., Hattisburg. Miss.
Fraaier, Lem D., Blue Mound Mining Co., Baxter Springs, Kansas.
GaflSgan, Harry T., 1523 E. Jackson St., Springfield. 111.
Dupen, Anthony B., Box 66, Bisbee, Aris.
Hay, James B., Koehler, N. Mex.
Martin, Fred J., 19 James St., New Brunswick, N. J.
Meehan, Andrew J.
MUtner, Martin J., 410 E. 6th St., Plainfield, n! J.
Murphy, Benjamin T., 249 Fairmount Ave., Jersey City, N. J.
Slutts, Charles H., Trecce, Kan.
Tschupp, Emil J., 815 Savoye S., West Hoboken, N. J.
Bugler, First Class
Cecil, Joseph Alvin, Raywick, Ky.
Shoenfeld, Ernest A. R., 1144 Louisa St., Elisabeth, N. J.
Privates. First Class
Addis, Lindsey G., 47 Cedar St., Sharon, Penn.
Barber, George F., Live Oaks, Calif.
Barnhart, Corbet H., Honaker, Va.
Conrade, George, Proctor, Minnesota, Gen. Del.
Deverell, Samuel A., 1816 Connor Ave., Joplin, Mo.
Deverld, Joseph, Route No. 4, Box No. 208, Joplin, Mo.
Doherty, James, 69 Cooper St., Butte, Mont.
Dragoo, Allen K., Route No. 2, Fairmont. W. Va.
Elkholm, Gigert P., 304 3d St., Iron Mountain, Mich.
Farris, WiUiam B., Reeds, Mo.
Freeman. Harold L., 230 Baldwin St., New Bruanwick, N. J
Ganey, Hughie, Gillespie, 111.
Green, Clyde E., Blooming Rose, W. Va.
Grose, George E.
Heleson, Walter E.
Horan, Thomas A., 318 7th St., Jersey City, N. J.
Johnson, Axel E., Grass Flat, Penn.
Kellstrom, Arvid H., 622 "K" St., Negaunee, Mich.
Larson, Carl E., Box 143, Crystal Falls, Mich.
Laster, George W., 317 N. Connor Ave., Joplin, Mo.
Lewis, Alma D., 819 So. Illinois St., Springfield, 111.
Livingston, Edgar N., Alex, Ark.
Marquardt, Albert, 175 Manhattan Ave., Jersey City, N. J.
Mayfield, John L., 710 W. Euclid Ave., Pittsburg, Kansas.
Miller, Charles R., Co. M, 37 Infantry, Lareda, Texas.
Mindrup, Edward, R. F. D. No. 2, Box 80, Staunton, III.
McKay, James, 162 Hastings St., Brookville, Penn.
McKelvey, Andrew L., 2528 Virginia St., Joplin, Mo.
McKinney, Francis M., Commerce, Okla.
Newcombe, James M., Harrisburg, III.
Onderko, Mike J., 303 N. Chestnut St., Pana, 111.
Pease, Clyde L., 345 New York Ave., Wichita, Kan.
Reinshagen, Hans E., Box 31, Waldwick, N. J.
Robel, William F., Bear Creek, Mont.
Roberson, George H., R. 7, Greenwood, Ark. .
Rose, Elbert, Harrisburg, Saline Co., 111.
Shingleton, Carroll B., 455 Hamor Ave., Clarksbivg, W. Va.
Srygley, Bluit L., Town Creek, Ala.
Steele, James, Gageville, Bellows Falls, Vt.
Taylor, William, Uriopa, W. Va.
Thomason, Albert E., 1522 Peoria Road, Springfield, 111.
Tolbert, James B., Mitchellville, 111.
Tucker, William D., R. F. D. 5, Harrisburg, 111.
Von Nostrand, Jacob H., Washington St., Sc. Boundbrook, N. J.
Watten, Oswald M., 3247 Lyndale Ave., N., Minneapolis, Minn.
Wilkin, Harry E., Quartzsite, Aria.
Woodcock, Barney, HockervUle, Okla.
Yates, Thornie, Brewster, Fla.
Adams, William A., Chadwick, Mo.
Ahlstrom, Carl G., 923 N. 3d St., Marquette, Mich.
Altiaer, Wade, Kistler, W. Va.
Altman, Frederick G., Granby, Mo.
Andrews, Sidney A., 704 W. Fleisham St., Iron Mountain, Mich.
Anglin, Raymond, Harrisburg, III.
Bacigalupo. Frank B., 312 Garden St., Hoboken, N. J.
Baker, Wesley, 207 Virginia St., Joplin, Mo.
Bandoss, Thomas J., 1543 Noble St.. Chicago, 111.
Barber, Edward C, Twin Branch, W. Va.
Barrett, Leo G., 444 Kearny Ave., Arlington, N. J.
Beck, Charles A., Lehi, Utah.
Bellomato, Constantino, Rico, Colo.
Berroyer, Emil, 400 N. Locust St., Pana, 111.
Betsing, John P., Jr., Mohawk, Mich.
Blackwood, John T., Milton, W. Va.
Blondiau, Andrew, 407 W. 3d St., Assumption, 111.
Bohannon, Charles, 1506 E. Washington St., Springfield, 111.
Bracco, Anthony B., 25^4 D St., Calumet, Mich.
Brady, James, 525 Hauchett St., Saginaw, Mich.
Brady, James A., 336 Monmouth St., Jersey City, N. J.
Bropby, Thomas J., R. D. No. 2, New Galilee, Penn.
Brown, Samuel R., Montrose, Colo.
Buckley, Harvey Henry, Eldorado, 111.
Burian, Frank, Belleville, 111.
Burnham, Wayne J., Box 85, East Calais, Vermont.
Chiuraszi, Peter J., 1871 Jancey St., Pittsburgh, Penn.
Button, Elden, Baxter Springs, Kan.
Coflfey, Floyd C, R. F. D. No. 3, Box 46, Joplin, Mo.
Comba, Antonio, Chickaw, Penn.
Connelly, Leo A., Ava, Jackson Co., 111.
Conner, Thomas J., 1100 S. 15th St., Springfield, 111.
Cooper, William R., 307 Montana St., El Paso, Tex.
Corlett, Thomas, 802 Douglass St., Ispheming, Mien.
Craggs, Thomas, 4149A Cooks Ave., St. Louis, Mo.
Cvengros. John, 517 N. Poplar St., Pana, 111.
Dahl, Laurits, 819 Oak Ave., Gladstone, Mich.
Danielson, Sidney R., Glencoe, Calif.
Davidson, Harry I., 912 Douglas, Box 787, Savannah, Ga.
Decell, Lewis A., Waterbury Center, Vt.
Dillon, Robert B., 614 Sussex St., Harrison, N. J.
Di Risza, Pasquale, 1122 Erie Ave., Renova, Penn.
Driesbaugh, Fred L., Hermosa, S. Dakota.
CJeghorn, Lester H., 437 135th St., West New York, N. J.
Ebright, Francis F., Alba, Mo.
Elliott, Edward D., 1108 Maryland Ave., Butte, Mont.
Engler, James E., Kuttawa, Ky.
Erhardt, Joseph, R. F. D No. 6, Box 43, Duquoin, 111.
Eroh, Paul F., 555 N. Vine St., Haaelton, Penn.
Fenton, Isaac, Meadow Lands, Penn.
Flannery, Thomas J., Stowe St., Waterbury, Vt.
Ford, Coy A, R. F. D. No. 6, Coshocton, Ohio.
Fowler, Bert R., Baxter Springs, Kansas.
Fox, Mordecai Y., 298 Carrolton Ave., Brooklyn.^N. Y.
Fuller, Harry C, HUlsboro, 111.
Gardete, Walter D., Witt, 111.
Gilman, John, 1214 S. Broadway, Gary, Ind.
Ginter, Clyde N., Coalport, Penn.
Girvin, Samuel, R. F. D. No. 1, Rudyard, Mich.
Gormely, Alton A., Newberry, Mich.
Gray, Ralph A., 419 Orner St., Carthage, Mo.
Gresock, William T., Anita, Penn.
Gustafson, William T., Cranshaw, Penn.
Hall, Taylor, Minnie, Ky.
Hanna, Glen, R. F. D. No. 7, Box No. 186, Battle Creek, Mich.
Harlan, Sidney B., Argonia, Kan.
Harland, Fred, MUketown, 111.
Harrleson, Charles M., McLeansboro, III.
Harris, Henry M., Cleaton, Ky.
Hoffman, Carl E., 77 Clifton Park, Pittsburgh, Penn.
Hogan, James E., Redding, Calif.
Hondrop, Dennie, 141 Antonie St., Grand Rapi(?8, Mich.
Howe, Ira, Galatia, 111.
Hughes, Thomas E., 263 Farewell Ave., Milwaukee, Wis.
Jacobson, Edward O., 705 Walker St., Iron Mountain, Mich.
Jarvia, Edward E., 334 Florida St., Larium, Mich.
Johnson, George D., Lock Box No. 20, Republic, Mich.
Johnson, Edmond C, Box 505, Perkins, Mich.
Jones, William L., Webb City, Mo.
Jynella, George, Gen. del., Springfield, III.
Kapp, Josepn, Breese, 111.
Kellogg, James, Michigan Soldiers' Home P. O., Grand Rapids, Mich.
Keppler, Louie F., 224 E. 4th St., Joplin, Mo.
Kerbatta, August &., 506 Railroad St., Monongahela, Penn.
Klusmann, Henry, Calhoun St., Butte, Mont.
Kristian, John, 311 N. Elm St., Pana, III.
Kukelski, Bernard, 344H 5th St., Jersey City, N. J.
•Labenne, George, 60 Victor Ave., Highland Pk., Mich.
Lambert, William W., Liberal, Kan.
Lawson, Asberry, R. F. D. No. 1, Asnland, Ky.
Madore, Joseph, 1918 Gay lord St., Butte, Mont.
Marker, Edward L., 204 So. Biyd St., Martinsburg, W. Va.
McCormiok, Michael, Adah, Penn.
MoDole, John, 10831 Michigan Ave., Chicago, 111.
McDonald, John H., Park City, Utah.
Midkifif, Edward L., Blue Sulphur Springs, W. Va.
Millard, Scott, McHenry, Ky.
Moss. Ted, 726 Kentucky Ave., Joplin, Mo.
Murray, Henry, 2 Bolster Place, Barre, Vt.
Nela, Clyde, Harrisburg, 111.
Novitski, Joseph W., R. F. D. No. 1, Bloesburg, Penn.
Oaks, Levi, Elkatawa, Ky.
O'Donnell, Edward P., Ptescott, Aris.
O'Brien, John T.
Perkins, Joe A., R. F. D. No. 1, Jellico, Tenn.
Peterson, Raymond E., 511 S. Hosmer St., Lansing, Mico.
Phillips, William E.
Puckett, Hughbert D., Plummer, Idaho.
Rader, Charles W., R. 5, Box 536, Joplin, Mo.
Renick, Chester, Dekoven, Ky.
Ridley, Oscar W., Ledford, 111.
Robertson, Roy C, Route No. 2, Kingman, Kan.
Searcy, Elmer C, Harland, Ky.
Schlosstein, Frederic W., 248 Mt. Pleasant Ave., Newark, N. J.
Sanders, Martin L., 1317 Virginia Ave., Joplin, Mo.
Rtissell, Fred, Dorrisville, III.
Rose, Fred E.
Rury, Fred E., Sparta, 111.
Smith, Jesse E., Box 220, Baxter Springs, Kan.
Snider, Ralph C, Fountaintown, Ind.
Stephens, Chester A., Warren, Ida.
Stewart, John C, Macy, Ida.
Stoker, Alex., Valdex, Ida.
Stone, Roy C, Girard, IlL
Tarrach, Antons, Route No. 2, Box 92, Staunton, 111.
Thomas, Harper R., 126 W. Hampshire St., Piedmont, W. Va.
Trumbell, Raymond A., Elvon, Penn.
Van Valkenbargh, Milo T., 208 3d St., Royal Oak, Mich.
Van Slyke, James C, Hockerville, Okla.
Vermack, Josepn, Stonington, 111.
Vincent, John W., 806 Short St., Galena, Kan.
Vogt, Louis, 639 Meeting House Lane, W. Philadelphia, Penn.
Walters, Everett A., ElkviUe, 111.
Weber, Frank R., Sterling, Neb.
White, Edward H., Coffeen, 111.
Whiteside, Grover L., Elk City, Okla.
Willoaghby, Charles A., Jr., 309 E. Pitt Et., Bedford, Penn.
Wilkins, Jess J., Eldorado, 111.
Winterbottom, Arthur, 525 E. Church St., Sparta, 111.
Young, Edward M.
Young, Orville E., R. F. D. No. 4, Taylorville, 111.
CASUALTIES IN THE 27th ENGINEERS
Killed in Action
Hooper, William J., Sergeant, Co. B, Oct. 5, 1918, Apremont, France.
Lombardo, Dominick, Private, Co. B, Oct. 10, 1918, Apremont, France.
Perkins, Albert W., Private, Co. A, Sept. 29, 1918, Charpentry, France.
Yocum, Birchard G., Private, Co. A, Oct. 3, 1918, Charpentry, France.
Died of Wounds Received in Action
Blair, Bob I., Private, Co. B, Oct. 5, 1918, Apremont, France.
Paris, Norman L., Corporal, Co. B, Oct. 5, 1918, Apremont, France.
Brown, Charles A., Private, Co. F, Nov. 16, 1918, Brieulles, France.
Died of Disease
Begick, Otto E. D., Private, Co. F, Oct. 14, 1918, Langres, France.
Dixon, William M., Corporal, Co. F, Dec. 31, 1918, France.
Elvingion, Lewis, Private, Hdqtrs., Base Hosp. 23, France.
Gayhart, Earl, Private, Co. F, Oct. 9, 1918, Langres, France.
Goodman, Herbert J., Private, Co. E, Oct. 11, 1918, Langres, France.
Harwood, Hugh N., Private, Co. C, France.
Hauser, Warren C, Private, Co. A, Mar. 15, 1918, Brest, France.
Higdon, Louis, Sergeant, Co. F, Abt., Dec. 10, 1918, St. Dizier, France.
Lafine, Clarence A., Private, Co. F, Oct. 5, 1918, Langres, France.
McCreary, John H., Private, Co. D, Oct. 10, 1918, Langres, France.
Peale, Van Horn, Sergeant, Hdqtra., Aug. 10, 1918, Paris, France.
Russell, Henry B., Private, Co. C, Mar. 14, 1919, at sea.
Scott, Francis R., Wagoner, Co. C, Mar. 15, 1919, at sea.
Strick, Thomas, Jr., Private, Co. C, France.
Died from Other Causes
Arnold, Thomas, Sergeant, Co. A, May 16, 1918, Jorquenay, France.
Hinds, Dennis, Corporal, Co. A, Dec. 4, 1918, Vilosnes, France.
I Murray, James W., Private, Co. D, Dec. 16, 1918, LaChatelier, France.
j Pugh, John, Private, Co. B, Feb. 9-10, 1919, Portillon, France.
Seriously Wounded in Action
Bissett, William J., Private, Co. A, Sept. 29, 1918. Charpentry, France.
Robinson, Elwood B., Private, Co. B, Oct. 5, 1918, Apremont, France.
SmitL, Paul B., Private, Co. C, Aug. 22, 1918, Dole.
Seriously Wounded (Accidentally)
Labenne, George, Private, Co. F, Nov. 5, 1918, Montblainville, France.
Slightly Wounded in Action
Bunch, Samuel D., Private, Co. A, Sept. 29, 1918, CI arpentry, France.
Corbett, Bert, Private, Co. C, Sept. 5, 1918, CI ery-Chartreuse, France.
Cuneo, Emil, Private, Co. A, Sept. 29, 1918, Charpentry, France.
Delcamp, William E., Private, Co. B, Oct. 5, 1918, Apremont. France.
Elliott, Walter R., Corporal, Co. B, Oct. 9, 1918, Apremont, France.
Erickson, John M., Private, Co. A, Sept. 27, 1918, Varennes (Meuse), France.
Fedorkevich, Constantino, Private, Co. A, Sept. 29, 1918, Charpentry, France.
Goldbar, Frank, Private, Co. C, Aug. 22, 1918, Dole, France.
Groves, Ozro, Private, Co. B, Sept. 24, 1918, Clermont, France.
Jensen, Lester, Private, Co. B, Sept. 30, 1918, Boureuilles, France.
Kitchen, Harry H., Private, Co. C, Aug. 22, 1918, Dole, France.
Lewis, Llewellyn C, Private, Co. B, Oct. 9, 1918, Apremont, France.
McDonald, John, Jr., Private, Co. B, Oct. 5, 1918, Apremont, France.
McEachern, John C, Private, Co. B, Oct. 5, 1918, Apremont, France.
Morrow, Robert E., Private, Co. B, Oct. 5, 1918, Apremont, France.
Peterson, Thorwald B., Private, Co. B, Oct. 5, 1918, Apremont, France.
Refer, Svend, Private, Co. B, Oct. 5, 1918, Apremont, France.
Rutherford, Harold M., Sergeant, Co. C, Nov. 1, 1918, Vilosnes, France.
Slightly Gassed in Action
Beratto, Barney B., Private, C/o. A, June 2, 1918, Toul Sector, France.
Conner, Willard E., Private, Co. B, Oct. 5, 1918, Apremont, France.
Said, Kenneth M., Sergeant, Co. A, Nov. 11, 1918, Vilosnes, France.
Styner, Toney G., Private, Co. B, Sept. 16, 1918, Thiacourt, France.
Slightly Wounded (Accidentalljr)
Ault, Frank B., Private, Co. F, Nov. 15, 1918, Brieulles, France.
Vermack, Joseph, Private, Co. F, Nov. 16, 1918, Brieulles, France.
HEADQUARTRS, ARMY SCHOOLS, A. E. R,
Aug. 6, 1919.
Capt. Norval J. E. Welch,
Co. A, 27th Engineers,
American Exp. Forces.
My dear Captain: As your company is leaving the school area
tomorrow for active duty at the front, I take this opportunity of
expressing to you, to your oflBlcers, your non-commissioned officers,
and your men, the regret I feel at parting with your organization.
The administration of your company has always been excellent.
It has the best kitchen, dining room, billets, and arrangements for
comfort of the men in the School Area.
Please take some means of making this letter known to the officers
and men of your company.
Hoping that some time I may have the pleasure of having in my
command your fine organization, I am
Very sincerely yours,
(Sgd) H. a. Smith,
Brig. Gen. N. A.
Commanding Army Schools.
HEADQUARTERS, FIRST ARMY
Office of Chief Engineer
Water Supply Service
September 21, 1918.
From: Water Supply Officer, First Army American E. F.
To; C. O. 27th Engineers, American E. F.
Subject: Service of Detachment of 27th Engineers on Water Supply.
1. In view of the excellent work done by the personnel of Com-
panies ''A'^ and ''B" of the 27th Engineers (Mining), I desire to express
through you my sincere appreciation of their unreserved co-operation.
2. This is especially true as regards the detachments working
in the Lagney and Griscourt Districts, namely, the detachments of
Company ''B^' under Captain Royce and Lieut. Jenkins, respectively,
and the detachment of ''A" Company under 1st Lieut. Edmondson.
Much credit is also due the detachment of "A'' Company which was
at Baccarat, with its technical work under the direction of 1st Lieut.
Miller of that Company.
(Sgd) F. W. Scheidenheim,
HEADQUARTERS, FIRST ARMY
Office of Chief Engineer, Advance P. C.
October 24, 1918.
To THE Officers and Members of Company B, 27th Engineers:
Colonel E. D. Peek, Engineer, Department of Railroads and Roads,
has directed me to convey to you his appreciation for your loyalty and
perseverance in the difficult task of constructing the highway bridge
at Apremont under shell fire. The successful completion of the bridge
allowed the movement of troops and supplies which were of the utmost
importance to our forces.
(Sgd.) a. MacGlashan,
• Major, Engineers,
HEADQUARTERS, FIRST ARMY
Officer of Chief Engineer, Advance P. C.
November 19, 1918.
Memorandum to Lieut. Colonel 0. B. Perry, Engineer of Bridges.
Report of activities of Bridge Section during operations from Sep-
tember 26, 1918, to November 11, 1918.
The Bridge Section followed the advance and began work on
bridges released as soon as circumstances permitted. They made fre-
quent reconnaissances along the Aire and Meuse under fire. Several of
the bridges were constructed under direct observation, and the bridge
work completed under shell and machine-gun fire. Notably at Apre-
mont highway bridge crossing the Aire River, where four men of
Company B were killed and many injured. At Charpentry the troops
widening the bridges were subjected to heav^^ shelling with high ex-
plosive and gas shells. At Chatel Chehery and the second crater
south of Varennes, troops were subjected to shell fire. Captain Nor-
cross and Lieutenant Burrage, of C Company, made reconnaissances
along the Meuse, inside of the enemy lines, and penetrated as far as
Clery-le-Petit, bringing back information of the bridges up to that
point. Many of the bridges were constructed under pressure, the
troops working day and night. This was the case at the second crater
south of Varennes, in order to provide for heavy trucking and troop
movements to the front, and at Grandpre, four bridges being con-
structed for the light railway in order to move ammunition and provi-
sions forward. Most of the work was carried on during rainy weather,
day and night shifts. The officers and men of the 27th Engineers de-
serve great credit for the able and loyal manner in which they per-
formed the work assigned to them during this period; the work at night,
consisting of pile-driving and framing bents, was done without lights.
All of the troops engaged on bridge work made every effort to finish
the work assigned to* them at the time set for its completion.
(Sgd) a. MacGlashan.
HEADQUARTERS, FIRST ARMY
Office of Chief Engineer
November 23, 1918.
From: The Chief Engineer, First Army.
To: Commanding Officer, 27th Engineers.
Subject. Services Rendered During Offensives.
1. I desire to express my appreciation to you, and through you
to your Regiment, of the excellent service rendered by the officers
and men of the 27th Engineers during the Meuse-Argonne offensive,
beginning Sept. 26 and continuing until the conclusion of the Armistice
on Nov. 12.
2. At a time when the building of bridges was of paramount im-
portance to the Army and its supply, the men of your command met
every demand made upon them, and by their energ> and ability con-
tributed in no small degree to the success of the first army.
3. A copy of this is being sent to the Chief of StafiF, First Army.
4. Please publish this letter to all the officers and men of your
command at the earliest opportunity.
(Sgd) George R. Spaulding.
Colonel, Engineers, U. S. A.
Chief Engineer, First Army.
AMERICAN EXPEDITIONARY FORCES
Headquarters Services of Supply
Office of the Chief Engineer, A. E. F.
Feb. 17, 1919.
From ; The Chief Engineer, A. E. F.
To: Commanding Officer, 27th Engineers.
Subject: Letter of Commendation.
1. Before definite orders are issued for Engineering units to return
to the States, it is my desire that these units be advised that they have
met conditions imposed by the conflict just concluded in a satisfactory
2. Your regiment had many important duties to perform in con-
nection with the work in the Armies, besides being called upon to
perform military duties of real value, all of which were performed with
credit to your organization.
. 3. I want you and your command to know that the services ren-
dered were highly satisfactory^ and deserve commendation.
(Sgd) W. C. Langfitt,
Major General, U. S. A.
ASSOCIATION OF THE 27th ENGINEERS
W. R. Irigalls, then editor of the Engineering and Mining Journal^
aided by that paper, first started the Comfort Fund in November,
1917. A little later it was considered best to form a dulj^ organized
association as an auxiliary to the Regiment. This was done, with
Colonel Perry as president, A. J. Baldwin, vice-president, and W. R.
Ingalls as secretary and treasurer. Messrs. B. B. Thayer, vice-
president of the Anaconda Copper Mining Co., Clinton H. Crane,
president of the St. Joseph Lead Co., and A. C. Ludlum, president of
the New York Engineering Co. agreed to serve as an advisory com-
mittee and performed highly valuable service, with unflagging interest.
Equally important was the active work done by A. J. Baldwin, vice-
president of the McGraw-Hill Publishing Co. No record would be
adequate without ample recognition of the work of Hortense Hanks,
secretary to Mr. Ingalls, who kept the accounts of the Association, and
did very much of the administrative work, and was indeed its real
secretary; or without recognition of the work of Allen H. Hubbell, of
the editorial staff of the Engineering and Mining Journal, who was
in charge of the publicity, and wrote the weekly stories about the
Regiment and the Comfort Fund.
Splendid was the cooperation of the mining industry as a whole,
whose corporations, managers, engineers and employees gave so gen-
erously to the Comfort Fund, whose aggregate surpassed $20,000, at
a time when appeals to the purse from many quarters were greedy and
insistent. The actual gifts to the Regiment were far in excess of what
the accounts show, for the Engineering and Mining Journal paid all
the administrative expenses, paid for a very expensive advertising
campaign by mail for recruits, while many of its advertisers donated
costly space in the advertising pages, and many individuals gave books
and other goods. All these good people and good citizens may feel a
proper pride in having done their bit to promote the 27th Engineers
and that pride must be enhanced by the knowledge that the Regiment
made good, as everybody knew it would.
The details of the work of the Association were given in the peri-
odical reports of the Secretary and Treasurer, which were pubHshed
from time to time in the Engineering and Mining Journal,
Following the disbandment of the Regiment it was decided to
reorganize the Association as a permanent thing and this was done
through the form of the simple constitution and by-laws, W. R. Ingalls
becoming president in conformity with the wishes expressed by the
men while in France, with Colonel Perry as vice-president and Hor-
tense Hanks as secretary. A circular letter issued to the men under
date of May 10, 1919, explained the purposes and conditions.
A bronze service medal was struck off and sent to each man. This
artistic and expressive medal was the design produced by some of the
men of the Regiment while they were in France. The draftsmen and
die-cutter here did nothing more than adjust proportions and arrange
minor details. This history is the concluding gift of the Association
to the Regiment as a whole.
This boot should bo retnirned to
the Library on or before the last date
A fine of five cents a day is incurred
by retaining it beyond the epeeifled
Fleaee return promptly »
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