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Jo (h,>.' /',^<^/^"-' 

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/ //'-.-. / 


•.. •••• 

••••• ••••• 

GEORGE H. PUNTENNEY, Orderly Sergeant Co. K, 
Rushville, Ind. 



Thirty-Seventh Regiment 


Indiana Infantry Volunteers 

BATTLES-SEPT., '6 1 --OCT., '64. 

Written by 


At the request of his Comrades 



JackHoniaa Book and Job Department 


• 5 

■t — ■ 



Preface 6 

Chapter I — Organization — Regimental and Company 
Officers — Marching Orders Received — Going to 
the River Through Lawrenceburg — Ride to Louis- 
ville 9 

Chapter II — From Salt River to Elizabethtown — 
Thence to Bacon Creek — Much Sickness — The 
Colonel Arrested — Chaplain Lozier Arrested ... 13 

Chapter III — Marching to Bowling Green — Thence 
to Nashville 17 

Chapter IV — Advance on Huntsville — Loyal Shelby- 
villians — Huntsville Captured — The Sacking of 
Athens 19 

Chapter V — Marching Back to Fayettesville — Thence 
to Chattanooga — Captain W. D. Ward Captured . 28 

Chapter VI — Battle of Stone River 83 

Chapter VII — Guarding Murfreesboro — A Raid — 
Sunstroke — Hanging Two Men 38 

Chapter VIII — Tullahoma Campaign — Gambling 
Mania — Colonel Hull Detailed — Brigade Stam- 
peded by a Cow 41 

Chapter IX — Chickamauga Campaign — Crossing the 
Tennessee River — Sand Mountain and Lookout 
Mountain — Skirmishing at Pigeon Mountain — 
Battle of Chickamauga 47 




Chapter X — Siege of Chattanooga— Starving — Eat- 
ing Cow Tails and Acorns 62 

Chapter XI — Atlanta Campaign — Buzzard Roost — 
Rocky Face — Battle of Resaca 81 

Chapter XII — Army Moves Forward to Calhoun — 
Battle of Pumpkinvine Creek 87 

Chapter XIII— The Battle of Atlanta 110 

Chapter XIV— The Siege of Atlanta 118 

Chapter XV — Flank Movement — Fall of Atlanta and 
Jonesboro 125 

Chapter XVI — An Incident 138 

Regimental Roster 140 

March to the Sea 181 


P OMR ADE8 of the Thirty-seventh Indiana Regiment, 

and all friends of that Regiment into whose hands 
this little volume may fall, permit me to assure you that 
I know full well that this little work which I dignify 
with the name " history " does not do you or that grand 
old Regiment even partial justice. 

A complete history of all that you did, dared, en- 
dured and sacrificed in crushing the rebellion, and 
preserving for posterity the Government, purchased with 
the blood of Revolutionary fathers, will never be written. 
No man or number of men now living can do that. 

I am also confident that many of my comrades could 
have written a better history than this, but that duty was 
not imposed upon them. 

No doubt this history should contain many things 
which it does not; but I trust that it contains nothing 
that it should not. I have tried to write a history of the 
Thirty-seventh Regiment, and to exclude from it every 
word that might be offensive to any comrade. 

The effort throughout has been to state, without 
ornamentation or exaggeration, as many plain and im- 
portant facts as possible without partiality to any Com- 
pany or person. If the history records more of the deeds 
of Company K than of other Companies, it is because the 
writer belonged to that Company, and not because he 


did not want to be fair with other Companies. Each 
enlisted man in the Regiment remembers more about his 
own Company than about other Companies. 

I am greatly indebted to Comrades Colonel W. D. 
Ward ; Leroy Roberts, of Company F ; and T. B. Peery 
and John Wolverton, of Company E, and others, for 
many valuable facts and dates furnished me. 


W. C. PATTON, Co. K, 
Greensburg, Ind, 

Monumemt of the Thirty-seventh Indiana Regiment, 
erected in 1895, on the Chickamauga Battlefield, at 
the position taken by the Regiment on Saturday 
evening, September 19, 1863. 


Orsfanization— Regimental and Company Officers— March- 
ins: Orders Received— Going to the River Through 
Lawrenceburg— Ride to Louisville. 

The Avar for the preservation of the l^nioii had pro- 
f^ressed only about four months when tlie Thirty -seventh 
Ueviment of Indiana volunteers went into camp at 
Lawrenceburj^*. Some few companies went into camp 
about the 1st of Au<^ust, 1861, and by the 18th of that 
month the Regiment contained nearly its full quota of 
strong young men. They were patriots who were de- 
termined to preserve the Union and crush that most 
wicked rebellion against their good government no 
matter what it should cost in blood and treasure. It 
was really inspiring to be associated with such strong, 
young and brave patriots. A few months after the 
organization of the Regiment, (General Buell, after 
reviewing it, said it was as fine looking Regiment as he 
ever saw. 

The Regiment was organized with George W. Haz- 
zard. Colonel ; Carter Gazlay, Lieutenant-Colonel ; James 
S. Hull, Major; Livingston Ilowland, Adjutant; Francis 
Riddle, Quartermaster; John H. Lozier, Chaplain: 
William Anderson, Surgeon; John R. Goodwin, As- 
sistant Surgeon. The commissioned Company officers 
were: Co. A, William I) AVard, Captain; William Hyatt, 
First Lieutenant; Washington Stockwell, Second Lieu- 


•••* ruisiTOlTf \)1C*rHE THIRTY-SEVENTH 

tenant. Co. B, Thomas V. Kimble, Captain ; Robert M. 
Goodwin, First Lieutenant; William H. Wilkinson, 
Second Lieutenant. Co. C, Thomas W. Pate, Captain; 
James T. Matteson, First Lieutenant; Robert C. Pate, 
Second Lieutenant. Co. D, Hezekiah Shook, Captain; 
Jesse B. Holman, First Lieutenant; James M. Hartley, 
Second Lieutenant. Co. E, Mahlon (\ Connet, Captain; 
Frank Hughes, First Lieutenant; Andrew J. Hungate, 
Second Lieutenant. Co. F, Wesley G. Markland, Cap- 
tain; John B. Hodges, First Lieutenant; Joseph P. 
Stoops, Second Lieutenant. Co. G, John McCoy, Cap- 
tain; Archibald F. Allen, First Lieutenant; Daniel S. 
Shafer, Second Lieutenant. Co. H, William H. Tyner, 
Captain; Quartus C. Moore, First Lieutenant; George 
W. Pye, Second Lieutenant. Co. I, William N. Doughty, 
Captain; John Breaky, First Lieutenant; Isaac Aber- 
nathy. Second Lieutenant. Co. K, John McKee, Cap- 
tain; Henry Lord, First Lieutenant; John B. Reeve, 
Second Lieutenant. 

The Colonel was a regular army officer — a real 
soldier — a rigid disciplinarian, and just the man to 
teach officers and enlisted men .how to conduct them- 
selves in camp, on picket, on the march, on the skirmish 
line and on the field of battle. No doubt the Regiment 
owed much to this careful training for the brilliant 
record it afterwards made in many hard fought battles — 
a record on which there is not a single stain. 

After drilling a month at Lawrenceburg, the Regi- 
ment, on the 18th day of September, 1861, was mustered 
into the Ignited States service by taking the oath required. 
To be a real soldier, to be bound by a solemn oath to 
obey your superior officer, even if so doing led to death 
in a strange land, caused strange feelings to agitate the 
breasts of the young and honest farmers, merchants, 
and mechanics, of which the Regiment was largely 


composed But, for the love of their country, they 
cheerfully accepted the solemn obligation. 

On the 19th of October, at dress parade, the follow- 
ing general order was read to the Regiment : 

"Headquarterh 37th Ind. Vol., / 
Camp Dearborn, Oct. 19, 1861. \ 
Order No. 9. 

The Colonel commanding congratulates the Regi- 
ment that they are ordered to take the field. Our first 
move will be to Louisville, Ky., and will be made to- 
morrow night. * * * By order of • 
L. HowLAND, Adjutant. Col. G. W. Hazzard, 

The next day knapsacks were packed, nearly every 
man having twice as much in his knapsack as he could 
carry, and not half as much as he thought he would 
need in order to be comfortable during the approaching 
winter. In the evening the Regiment formed and 
marched through Lawrenceburg to the river. Each 
man had a pack on his back as large as was carried 
years ago by traveling dry goods peddlers. Many good 
old ladies, with tears running down their motherly 
faces as the boys passed, audibly prayed that every one 
might be spared to return to parents and friends. The 
Regiment and teams were placed on a steamboat and 
two large barges that lay at the wharf, and steamed on 
down to Louisville. The night was extremely cold and 
the men suffered greatly. The boat arrived at Louis- 
ville before day, lay there most of the next day and 
then ran down to the mouth of Salt River. 

John W. Davis, Corporal Co. K, 
liushville, Ind. 


From Salt River to Elizabettitown— Thence to Bacon 

Creek— Much Sickness— Drilling— The Colonel 

Arrested— Chaplain Lozier Arrested. 

At Salt River the Regiment drilled and worked on 
Muldraugh's Hill a few weeks, and then moved on to 
Elizabethtown, Ky. From there it went to Bacon 
Creek, Ky. ' The men had been greatly exposed during 
all the time since they left Lawrenceburg. They were 
not allowed to gather straw for beds, and had to sleep 
on the ground in their tents through November and 
December, and many of them died at Bacon Creek 
during the months of December and January. At 
Bacon Creek twelve men died in one night in the 
hospital tent, and their bodies were laid out on a rail 
pile near by. Both Col. Hazzard and Dr. Anderson 
were to blame for some of the exposure of the men. 
Consequently, both the Colonel and the Doctor were 
heartily disliked by most of the enlisted men. The 
Colonel would not permit any of his men to eat any- 
thing but government rations. It was a serious offense 
to buy cake, pie, fowl or fish from a citizen. If the 
Colonel found any man coming into camp with pro- 
vision he would make him throw it away. 

One day a Co. H man, named Daily, who could 
imitate to perfection the noise of any barn-yard fowl, 
came past the Colonel's tent with his oil blanket full 
of leaves for his bed. As he passed the tent, a noise 



in the blanket sounded very much like a hen was con- 
fined there. The Colonel rushed out, and with much 
profanity assured the man that he had caught him dis- 
obeying orders and ordered him to let that hen go. 

Daily dropped the leaves, but no hen ran out, and 
the Colonel *'caught on" and sneaked back into his tent. 
December came in cold and cheerless, and Jacob S. 
McCullough,Co. K's poet, sympathizing with the gloomy 
surroundings and discouraging prospect, repeated the 
poet's melancholy words, "The cold, chilly winds of 

December," which were oft- 
en repeated by many in the 
Regiment for a few weeks. 

The colder it got the 
more dissatisfied the men be- 
came, and the more vigorous 
was the Colonel's discipline. 
Consequently, the men were 
more than delighted one 
day when Col. Turchin, 
commanding the brigade, 
gave a command which they 
did not understand, and 
Uazzard rushed furiously at 
him, saying: **There is no 
such command in the book." 
Then Col. Turchin coolly said : "Col. Hazzard, you 
must not address your superior officer in that way ; give 
me your sword; consider yourself under arrest and go to 
your quarters." He rode off and the men in the Regi- 
ment could scarcely keep from cheering. Turchin was 
ever afterwards a great favorite with the Thirty-Seventh 

While in camp at Bacon Creek, Chaplain John H. 
Lozier wrote an article, which was published in the 

Lieut. W. H. Baughman, Co. G. 
Richmond, Ind. 


Cincinnati Commercial, criticising the conduct of the 
( 'olonel and Surgeon. For this, the Colonel placed the 
Chaplain under arrest: placed charges against him, and 
had him lined. The boys made up the tine for their 
Chaplain, and thus showed that they believed in him. 

Shortly after this Dr. Blackburn, of Cincinnati, the 
medical director of the division to which the 37th be- 
longed, came into camp, and riding up to Dr. Andereon's 
quarters, called him out and said: "Doctor, don't you 
know better than to put your sick men in such a hovel 
as they are in?" Dr. 
Blackburn, continuing, 
said: "It is outrageous; 
worse than the Black 
Hole of Calcutta." Then 
Col. Hazzard came out 
and said he did not allow 
any one to interfere with 
his Regiment. Dr Black- 
burn said: "I will come 
in whenever I please.*' 
Hazzard said: "Leave 
my camp." "I will when 
I get ready," Dr. Black- 
burn said. The Colonel David S. Stewart, Co. K. 

turned to Grossman, of Richland, ind 

Co. A, and said: "Bring me a file of guards." The file 
of guards was brought, and when Dr. Blackburn got 
ready to go, he turned to Col. Hazzard and said in bit- 
terest sarcasm : "Colonel, have you that escort ready?" 

The Colonel ordered the Corporal to take the Doctor 
out of camp, which he did. In about an hour. Gen. 
Mitchell, our division commander, rode into camp and 
had a brief talk with Col. Hazzard in his tent, and left. 
Soon afterwards Col. Turchin and several of his staff 


rode into camp, and calling Col. Hazzard out of his 
tent, placed him under arrest in the presence and hear- 
ing* of a large number of officers and private soldiers. 
This was loudly cheered by many of the soldiers. 
Major Hull said the cheering "was done by a d — d set of 
low-flung privates.'' 

After the removal of Hazzard, the health of the 
Regiment improved rapidly and discontentment dis- 


The March to Bowlinsf Green— Ttience to Nashville. 

On the 12th of Feb., 1862, the HeKiment was or- 
dered to a\ovo with three days' rations to attack the 
Confederates at Bowling Green, Ky. The Rej^iment 
started early next morning and marched to Cave City 
that day, where it bivouacked for the night. 

The first night out was warm the fore part of the 
night, and the men being tired, slept soundly. The 
snow commenced falling about midnight and covered, 
but did not awake the tired hosts. The bugle awoke 
them in the morning, and as they shook the snow from 
their garments, each boasted of his good night's rest, 
and prepared for the day's march. The rebels having 
learned of our advance, burned the bridge that 
spanned Barron Uiver, opposite the city, and our brigade 
marched a few miles down the river and found an old 
boat in which it crossed the stream with great difficulty 
by working all night, going into the city at daylight. 
Nearly all the houses were vacated, and, of course, the 
boys did not sleep out of doors at night nor suffer for 
provision. Meat and flour and meal and cooking 
utensils were there in abundance and the army feasted. 

Before starting down the river a battery was 
planted and fired at a train in the city loaded with mil- 
itary stores and just ready to leave. A ball struck the 
engine and disabled it. This caused the rebels to burn 
the train and depot, filled with trunks and military 
stores. They had a strong skirmish line on their side of 
the river, which caused the Thirtv-Seventh to hear the 


first whistle of rebel bullets. The exposure and 
marchin«: had been too great for Sergeant John F. 
Lingenfelter, of Co. K, who took pneumonia and died 
Feb. 23, 1862. He was a noble and brave patriot, loved 
by all his comrades. As one of the Regiments marched 
into town preceded by its band, a citizen asked Capt. 
Ward: "What are you'ns playing we'uns tune for?" 
The Captain replied : "It is our tune ; we are going 
down into Dixie, and intend to stay there." 

From Bowling Green the Regiment marched on to 
Nashville, Tenn. The rebels had cut down the line 
suspension bridge that spanned the Cumberland River, 
which was high, and was crossed with great difficulty. 
But the weather was getting warm and delightful, and 
the beautiful southland, and Nashville — ^the home of 
Jackson and James K. Polk — seemed to inspire the men 
of the Thirty-Seventh with cheer and hope. 

While in camp near Nashville, three men, W. D. 
Elrod, H. S. Lane and James Harper, were captured 
while outside of the lines by a force of cavalry. A bat- 
talion of Federal cavalry pursued, and while a lively 
skirmish was going on the three prisoners escaped. Lane 
having received a severe wound in the neck. 

About the 5th of March, 1862, Col. Hazzard 
received ordei-s from the War Department to report for 
duty to his command in the Regular Army. Gen. Buell 
released him from arrest that he might obey the order, 
but instead of doing it he assumed command of the 
Regiment. Col. Ward, then Captain, being officer of the 
day, was ordered to tell our old Colonel to give up the 
command, which he did, and Col. Hazzard called for 
his horse, rode away and was never seen again by any 
one of the Regiment. He was Captain of a battery in 
the Eastern Army, to which he returned and was killed, 
it is said, in the seven days' battle before Richmond. 


Advance on Huntsville, Ala.— Goinsr Ttirousrti the Enemy's 
Country— Loyal Stielbyvillians— Huntsville Cap- 
tured—Sacking: of Athens. 

The brigade to which the Thirty-Seveuth Ind. be- 
lontjfed at this time was composed of the following: 
Ueo:iment8: The Nineteenth Ills.; The Twenty-Fourth 
Ills.; the Eighteenth Ohio and the Thirty-Seventh Ind. 

About the last of ^[a^ch, 1862, the division to which 
this brigade was attached, commanded by Gen. O. M. 
Mitchell, the author of "Mitchell's Geography," which 
most of his soldiers had studied, was taken from Gen. 
Bueirs army and sent south to Huntsville, Ala. 

We marched south by easy stages, meeting an 
almost universal rebel sentiment until we reached 
Shelbyville, Tenn., where the citizens met us with our 
flag and welcomed us with great delight. The Union 
sentiment was so strong there that the rebels called it 
New Boston. 

The friendship of these people made us feel like we 
were near home. They were like Northern people, and 
they dearly loved the old flag and the Union. 

From Shelbyville we went to Fayetteville, Tenn., 
and remained there a few days, April 5th, 1862, we 
started for Huntsville, Ala. It rained incessantly all 
day, and so we marched all day through mud and 
swollen streams. We doubt if there was anything on 
any one that day was dry but his powder. We 


were then in the heart of the enemy's country, with no 
friends but the poor negroes, and we had to be pre- 
pared all the time for battle. 

About dusk the evening before we got to Hunts - 
ville we came to a stream, across which there was no 
bridge, and in which the water was fully four feet 
deep. Gen. Mitchell was in a hurry, and his army must 
cross, no matter how deep and cold the water was. 
The men good naturedly took off their coats, shoes, 
stockings and pants (their shirts were not much longer 
than their vests, and there was no need to remove them), 
and holding up their guns, cartridge boxes, haversacks 
and clothing, plunged into the Avater with a whoop and 
came out on the other side. There they built fires, 
warmed and put on their clothing, ate a little supper 
and pushed forward, marching all night, and arrived at 
Huntsville at daylight the next morning, taking the 
citizens by surprise. The first intimation they had of 
our presence was the heavy tramp of the soldiers on 
the streets. It is said that one old lady, hearing the 
noise, looked out of her window and exclaimed : "Oh, 
Lord ! what big men ; no wonder we'uns can't light 'um." 

The citizens received the soldiers civilly but coldly, 
while the colored people could not conceal their delight 
at seeing us, and did not seem to try to do so. One old 
colored woman came rushing along, and with tears 
running down her cheeks, shouted: "Glory to God! 
Glory to God! I'se been praying for dis dose many 
years." The citizens were not friendly, but quite sub- 
missive. To swoop down on a large city, take charge 
of it and require the citizens to act as you dictate to 
them, gives one a good idea of the prerogatives of war. 

We captured at Huntsville a large number of pris- 
oners, nineteen locomotives and much rolling stock. 
The rebels disabled most of the captured engines, but 


there were plenty of machinists in our division, and in a 
short time they had these enjpnes in ofood order ao:ain. 
Our brigade was soon put on a train of cars — platform 
and stock cars— and hurried to the railroad bridge that 
crossed the Tennessee River at Decatur, Ala. We were 
there in time to prevent the burning of it, and the next 
day we went west to Tuscumbia. That town is sur- 
rounded by a fine country and large plantations. Some 
of the negro quartei*s of a single plantation contained ton 
or fifteen little houses or homes for the slaves. At 
Huntsville we saw the first whipping post to which 
negroes were tied while being whipped. 

At Tuscumbia we saw the first trained blood hounds. 
They were kept in a little pen, and looked as if they 
would, as a little darkey said, "Eat a niggah up in H 
minute, shore." We made several raids on different parts 
of the country around Tuscumbia for several days, but 
nothing of importance occurred till one day a large 
force of the enemy moved onto us and we were ordered 
to fall back to Decatur. In the meantime a barrel of 
whisky was captured, and the Colonel, Gazley, not 
being a strict temperance man, knocked in the barrers 
head and let the boys till their canteens with the stuff. 
Some of the boys, not many of them, got drunk, and it 
was believed that Capt. W. I). Ward, afterwards Col- 
onel, was the maddest man in either army. After 
crossing a stream called Big Nance, some of the men 
were quite drunk and had to be cared for. Fortunately 
there were not many in that condition. Most men 
in the Regiment considered getting drunk almost as 
disgraceful as playing the coward in front of the enemy. 
As we were the first Union soldiers those South- 
erners had seen, we had a good opportunity to learn 
something of the feeling of Southern people for North- 
ern soldiers. And it is safe to say that most Southern 



people actually hated the Northern soldiers, and 
Northern people. The best citizens of the South would 
do all in their power to deceive our soldiers. 

Women turned up their pretty noses at our n^en 
when they met them. One woman in Huntsville delib- 
erately spit on a soldier one day, and he simply knocked 
her down. No more soldiers were spit on. But those 
ladies soon got over their prejudices, and soon after- 
wards the best-looking ladies of Huntsville were seen 
walking the streets escorted by some blue-coated officer 

or soldier, and in a num- 
ber of instances those 
Southern ladies married 
those Northern soldiers; 
all of which goes to show 
that those Indies were not 
only good looking, but 
smart, and knew a good 
thing when they saw it. 

While at Huntsville 
our boys captured the 
rebel mails two or three 
times, and reading those 
captured letters was past- 
time with some of us. 
Those letters showed just 
what the people down 

F, North In- 

Wm. Rowland, Co. 
dianapolis. Ind. Wounded at 
riattle Stone River, Dec. 31. 1862. 
Discharged March 31, 1863. 

there were. While many of the writers of the lottei*s 
were evidently illiterate and coarse, many of them were 
scholarly and refined. Some of the letters from parents 
to sons, and from sons to parents, showed that their 
writers were intelligent christians, unfortunately en- 
gaged in a bad cause. As a sort of war measure the people at 
Huntsville had issued a large number of pasteboard cards 
on which were printed: '*Good for 10 cents;" sometimes 


for a larger amount, and when any one got $5 worth of such 
cards with some merchant's name on them, they were 
redeemed with a Confederate $5 bill. The Nineteenth 
Ills, boys got a printing press and some pasteboard, and 
expanded the circulation till no man's name on a card 
was worth a penny. While at Huntsville the 37th Regi- 
ment and the brigade received orders to go to the relief 
of the 18th Ohio, which had been attacked at Athens by 
a large force of rebels. Our Regiment, commanded by 
Major W. D. Ward, who had been recently promoted 
from Captain, and the 
rest of the brigade, all 
uuder command of Col. 
Turchin, took the cars 
and went to the nearest 
point to Athens. From 
there we marched all 
night toward that town, 
and at daylight met the 
18th Ohio slowly falling 
back before a superior 
force of the enemy. 

The brigade formed 
for action, and it was not 
long before the rebels s. r. Patton, Co. k, 

, . , Richland, Ind. 

were making a much more 

rapid retreat than the 18th Ohio had been making. 
They were driven several miles beyond Athens, when 
we returned to the town. Col. Turchin, who com- 
manded the brigade, ordered Major Ward, of the 37th 
Ind., and Col. Mihilotski, of the 24th Ills., to take their 
commands to a position some distance from the town, 
which they did. The 19th Ills, and the 18th Ohio were 
left in the town, and the men of those Regiments say 
that Col. Turchin rode among them and remarked to 


the boys : **I see nothing for two hours." Whether he 
said that or not is not certainly known, but it is certain 
that at the expiration of the two hours there was not 
much of value to be seen in Athens. Not during all the 
remainder of the' war was such wanton destruction of 
property seen by those men. 

Men who had been sleeping in the mud, laid tine 
broadcloth on the ground that night and slept on it. 
Everything of value was carried out of dry goods stores, 
jewelry stores and drug stores. Will Scott, of Co. K, 
bought a fine gold watch of one of the 19th Ills, men for 
a few dollars of Confederate scrip, which he got ut 
Huntsville. The sidewalks of the town were almost 
covered with dry goods. A 19th Ills, man (not Gov. 
Chase, who belonged to the 19th), who evidently would 
not have pleaded not guilty to the charge of assisting in 
the sacking of Athens, is described as follows by a 37th 
Ind. soldier : 

The "sucker" had evidently been at a drug store, 
lie was tall and slender, and had dressed himself in a 
fine pair of cloth pants, a yest and boots, and a striped 
pigeon-tailed coat far too big for him at the shouldeils, 
but too short, the tails of the coat only coming to his 
waiist. He also wore a silk stove pipe hat, around 
which he had wrapped one end of a richly-colored 
ribbon, three inches in width, the rest of the bolt of 
ribbon streaming out behind him as he swaggered and 
staggered up the street singing "The girl I left behind 
me." He had started out "to make treason odious, and 
to let the proud rebels of Athens know that while the 
soldiers of the Union w^ere always obedient to orders 
and deferential to ladies, they could resent insults when 
so minded." It is doubtful if any Northern soldier 
during the war, did more to offend and disgust Southern 
ladies than did this 19th Ills, soldier; and that was just 

••• • •' 

.• ••• 



what he wanted to do. The sacking of Athens has often 
been condemned even by men in the North, but whether 
it was right or wrong, it had a good effect on the rebels, 
and was aboat what those Athenian rebels deserved. 
For the first year or two our armies dealt entirely too 
leniently with them. 

The 18th Ohio had been left there to guard the 
town, protect rebel property, which it most faithfully 
did. While doing this they were insulted in almost 
every conceivable way, even fired upon by citizens from 
houses that soldiers were guarding. News was sent to a 
large rebel force to come and kill and capture their 
protectors. After Athens was looted, no other Southern 
town mistreated any of the Regiments of Turchin's 
Brigade. Southerners simply called them "Turchin's 

The Nineteenth Illinois Regiment did not do all the 
plundering that was done at Athens, for many men of 
the Thirty-seventh Indiana and Twenty-fourth Illinois, 
got into the town and took a hand in the work. After- 
wards, when the General commanding called the officers 
of these Regiments to account for the conduct of their 
commands. Col. Gazley convinced him that the only 
part that the Thirty-seventh Regiment took in the 
business was the taking by a few men of a little 
molasses out of a store that was broken into. Thus 
the 37th escaped with a slight reprimand, while the 24th 
Ills., and especially the 19th Ills., received pretty severe 
punishment. Ever afterwards when the 24th Ills, would 
meet the 37th, they would say in their soft German 
(it was a German Regiment), to the 37th : "Molasses." 

While at Athens, most of the Brigade camped in the 
amphitheater of the race track for a few days, and the 
sports had great fun running the cavalry horses, which 
a general order promptly stopped. While at Athens 


the 37th started one morning to meet a provision train 
and escort it into camp. The distance from Athens was 
more than twenty miles. 

We arrived at our destination that evening and ate 
supper just as the sun was sinking out of sight. Just 
then a messenger arrived on a horse fleaked with foam, 
with orders for the Regiment to march back with all 
haste to Athens, as an attack was expected the next 
morning. Back the tired men started, and after march- 
ing all night, got back to camp the next morning at sun 
up, having marched in twenty-four hours not much less 
than fifty miles. The whole Brigade was formed in line 
of battle waiting for Gen. Forest, who had wisely 
abandoned his contemplated attack. Perhaps no Regi- 
ment in either army made a longer march in twenty- four 
hours during the war than that. Of course a goodly 
number of men fell out of the ranks before reaching 
Athens ; some of them marched while sleeping, and be- 
coming weary, unconsciously stepped aside and laid 
down to sleep. 

About this time forty-nine men of Co. E,.of the 37th, 
were sent a few miles from the main camp to guard a 
railroad bridge, or rather a high trestle, at a place now 
called, I understand. Elkins — Lieut. Frank Hughes in 
command. After remaining there a few days, Capt. 
Connett, having joined his command, the Company was 
attacked by the 15th Kentucky Cavalry and 120 Texas 
Rangers, numbering in all 720 men, commanded by Col. 
Woodward, of Kentucky. After fighting fiercely half 
an hour they surrendered. The loss of the enemy had 
been so heavy that some of them, from excessive anger, 
perhaps, did not cease firing until they shot after the 
surrender and severely wounded B. C. Whitlow, causing 
him to lose an eye. Five men of Company E, James 
Jordon, John T. Morgan, J, R, Conner, A. O. Scull and 


Robert F. Heaton, were killed, and Capt. Connett, John 
F. Wolverton, Marion Garrett, James Hanger, James 
Tillison and perhaps others were wounded. Captain 
Connett was wounded seven times before he surren- 
dered. Indeed, he did not surrender ; he was simply 
overpowered. The rebels lost forty in killed and 
wounded, losing a man for every man they killed or 
wounded or captured. Thus it will be seen that the 
fight was very fierce, and creditable to Co. E, the Thirty- 
seventh Regiment, and all Indiana soldiers. 

The captured men were taken to Tuscaloosa, thence 
to Montgomery, and thence to Macon, Ga., where they 
remained prisoners five months before they were 
exchanged, and returned to their Regiment All came 
back more determined than before to crush treason and 
rebellion, and restore the Union. It is seldom that 
greater bravery is displayed than was displayed by the 
men of that company on that occasion. 


Marctiinsr Back to Fayetteville and Ttience to Ctiatta- 
nooffa— Capt. W. D. Ward Captured. 

Sometime in May the Regiment returned to Fay- 
etteville, Tenn. A number of Regiments besides those 
of our Brigade were collected there for a raid on Chat- 
tanooga, Tenn. The 37th was commanded by Col. 
Gazley and Col. Ward. We marched across the 
mountains to the Sequatchie Valley, and from thence 
across the Cumberland Mountains to the Tennessee 
river, and in sight of Chattanooga. 

A battery was placed on a spur of the mountain and 
opened fire o» the city, and a body of Infantry formed 
on the bank of the river and fired across it at the troops 
on the other side. The next day we were ordered back 
to Stevenson, Ala., to which place we went, and the 
37th was distributed along the railroad to guard bridges 
across Crow Creek, with headquarters at Stevenson. 
Occasionally detachments were sent to patrol and 
guard the banks of the Tennessee river. 

I believe it was on the 3rd day of July, 1862, while 
Col. Ward was in command of one of these detachments, 
guarding the bank of the Tennessee river, that he was 
captured. He had learned that the Confederates had a 
large amount of corn and some horses on an island just 
below him, and he determined to capture them if 
possible. No boats being on the north side of the river, 
W. D, Elrod and another spldi^r swana the river after 


dark and brought over an old dug-out. Col. Ward and 
Elrod, with nothing on but pants and shirt, crossed the 
river. The Colonel crawled cautiously up the bank. 
In attempting to return his boat struck an obstacle near 
the bank, and the noise aroused the guards, who cap- 
tured him. He said his captors treated him kindly, 
gave him an old straw hat and a pair of shoes. The 
guard who captured him and an officer took him to 
Gen. Heath, at Chattanooga. While on the way there 
an old lady came running to see him, and after looking 
at him a few moments, said : "You can't fool me. He's 
no Yankee." Turning to the officer, who wore a blue 
coat, she said : "You are the Yankee," and would con- 
sent to nothing else. He was placed in the guard house 
with some rebel soldiers. The next day his men on the 
north side of the river sent over to him his uniform under 
a flag of truce, after which the Colonel said he was 
given the liberty of the camp on his patrol. He was 
taken from there to Knoxville, to Gen. Kirby Smith. 
The Colonel said he got permission while at Knoxville 
to purchase a long linen coat and cap with which he 
concealed his identity, and thus escaped criticisms and 
many insults from citizens and soldiers. 

From there he was taken to Madison, Ga., and his 
guards were ordered to protect him from all insults and 
injuries, which they did. This special favor, his captors 
informed him, was granted because of his kindness to 
citizens and prisoners at Huntsville while he was in 
command at that place of which they had heard. Sev- 
eral persons who had been the recipients of his kindness 
called on him and thanked him, and one old gentleman 
gave him a bottle of wine, which the Colonel accepted, 
but being a strict temperance man, turned over to Con- 
federates to drink. He remained in that prison till 
October, and was taken to Richmond, where he was 


exchanged. After spending some time with his family 
and friends, he returned to his command at Nashville, 
Tenn., about the middle of December. 

As before stated, the Thirty -seventh Regiment was 
scattered along the river and railroads, and it would be 
impossible to give a history of its acts for some weeks 
without giving a history of each company. They had 
during that time many strange adventures and funny 
experiences. Thus, one night when Co. K was camped 
in a cave of the mountain at Stevenson, guarding a large 

spring of water and the 
water tank, after all but 
the one sentinel was 
wrapped in sleep, he 
called for the "Corporal 
of the guard" so loud as 
to awake every one in 
the camp. The mountain 
on every side but the 
front made it very dark. 

Right close to the rear 

of the camp, at the foot 

of the mountain, some 

beast was heard making 

w. N. Stewart, Quartermaster Ser- ^ great noise, rather more 

geant, Richland, ind. like a vicious snort than 

a growl, but really frightful. Capt. McKee called on 

every man to come forth armed to defend the camp. 

The most incredulous could not doubt that a large, 
ravenous and fearless beast had come down the mountain 
in search of prey. The thought of an Indiana soldier 
being killed by a wild beast from the Cumberland 
Mountains caused feelings of both fear and shame to 
agitate our breasts. To abandon the camp was not to 
be thought of for a moment. So the Captain's call was 



responded to with alacrity. Though it was so dark 
that no one could see anything, yet every man 
grabbed his gun, and fixing his bayonet, began with 
thumping heart to move cautiously toward the beast 
that was snorting and growling but a few steps away. 
At last one man, feeling sure that he was in reach of the 
animal, and seeing its outline through the darkness, 
lunged at it with his bayonet, and if ever a hog 
squealed and ran, that one did. The old hog had 
something the matter with 
its nose that caused it to 
make an ugly, snarling 

So far as can be 
learned the boys of the 
other companies of the 
Regiment put in the time 
guarding the river, rail- 
road bridges, saluting offi- 
cers and passing trains? 
playing cards, catching 
the ague and shaking til 
about the 1st of Septem- 
ber, when the Regiment John Johnson, co. h. 
was collected at Cowan, and with the whole army 
marched back to Nashville, Tenn. But before doing so, 
Cowan was badly, and, I thought, harshly treated. 
Many houses were set on fire, and much property de- 
stroyed, though I believe the commanding officers did 
what they could to prevent it. 

The army was under strict discipline while at Nash- 
ville, and the guards' duty very heavy. For several 
weeks in October and November every able-bodied 
soldier was required to get up at 4 o'clock in the morn- 
ing and march out some distance from the city, and 


Stand in the cold or rain till after daylight. Foraging 
and guard duty formed the daily and nightly routine of 
soldier life at Nashville ; and the genuine soldier dis- 
likes guard duty about as much as he likes foraging 
Not much of eatables for man or beast were left on the 
fine farms around Nashville when the army left for 
Murfreesboro. Comrade John Morton, of Co. C, gives 
the following humorous description of a foraging expe- 
dition in which he was engaged. He says : 

"While the 37th was quartered in the railroad 
depot at Nashville during the 
fall of '62, doing garrison duty 
while Gen. Bragg made his 
famous raid into Kentucky, 
it was our custom to frequently 
make trips out into the country, 
sometimes by way of the "Grany 
White'' pike; but on this oc- 
casion we went out on the 
' "Hardie" road. Our duties 
were to procure forage for 
both man and beast. It was my 
John Morton, Co. c. luck (you may call it 

Pueblo, Col. J . _1 X J >xN X 

good fortune — I don't) to cap- 
ture a Billy goat ; also some cornmeal, and after return- 
ing to camp we managed to get one of those "Dutch 
ovens" with its heavy lid, in order to properly bake 
our cornmeal pone. We accordingly prepared the 
batch, and to make it as rich as possible mixed in large 
quantities of the fat of the goat after baking, being 
very hungry. Oh, what a feast I You all know that 
one of the peculiarities of those Dutch ovens is to pre- 
serve all of the "aroma" of its contents. Suffice it to 
say I have not been subject to any contagious diseases 
since that memorable evening in the fall of 1862." 


Ttie Battle of Stone River on ttie 31st— Fisrtitinsr Be- 
srins— Men Piled Knapsacks. 

On the 26th of December, 1862, the Regiment and 
about all the army received orders to march on to Mur- 
freoBboro. That was understood by all to mean a 
battle, for it was well known that a large force of the 
enemy was there; Everything went on smoothly until 
about dark of the 29th day of December, when we 
found ourselves in close proximity to the enemy. A 
strange and indescribably solemn feeling always per- 
vades an army when it knows that it is in the imme- 
diate neighborhood of a strong and brave foe. Without 
knowing it, men converse in a lower tone of voice, and 
words and actions which on ordinary occasions would 
not be noticed, become exceedingly funny and ridicu- 
lous. The next day, Dec. 30th, was spent in forming the 
battle lines and skirmishing with the enemy, which 
seemed rather to invite than evade the attack. 

We lay that night in our cold, cheerless bivouac, 
and before daylight on the morning of the 31st, were up 
and in line of battle waiting for the enemy. Not long 
did we wait. It was scarcely clear daylight when on 
our right the awful roar of cannon, and the sharp rattle 
of thousands of rifles told us plainly that the battle had 
begun, and in a very short time the great crowd of 
demoralized soldiers running to the rear, announced 
that disaster had occurred on that part of our line. 


Thon the men were ordered to pile their knapsacks that 
they might be the better prepared for the fray, which 
was done. Then it was ordered into a cedar thicket to 
check, and hold in check the advancing enemy. 

The Regiment had scarcely got into position, when 
the Confederates, flashed with their success on our 
right, assailed the Thirty -seventh with all the pride and 
determination of the Southern soldiers. The conflict 
was fierce, close and bloody. It seemed for a time that 
the enemy would sweep our brave men from the field, 
but the brave fellows stood and poured volley after 
volley into their lines, and taught them to approach 
more cautiously that part of the army of the Union. 

Failing to drive our brave boys from their position, 
the enemy — a rebel brigade on our left, marched out of 
an open woods, and fronting on our left flank prepared 
to charge us. To meet this, the left company of the 
Thirty -seventh changed front to face the enemy, and 
the Seventy-fourth Ohio, commanded by Col. Granville 
Moody, formed on the left of this company, and gave 
the enemy such a reception as they had not expected, 
and such a one as made them move cautiously in the 
future. Col. Moody was an old Methodist preacher, and 
as they began the advance on the enemy, he, swinging 
his sword high over his head, shouted at the top of his 
voice: "Come on, christian brethern," and right gal- 
lantly did his men follow him. 

Just about this time the rebel column in front of 
the Thirty-seventh renewed their attack most fiercely, 
and the battle also raged furiously on the left company 
and on the Seventy-fourth Ohio. Our brave men were 
falling fast, but the survivors would not yield a single 
inch. The rebel brigade that moved on our left had 
passed on till it came to the front of the Twenty -first 
Ohio, which was armed with Colt's revolving rifles, and 


lay concealed in a thicket. When that Regiment 
opened on them they laid down, but not being able to 
endure the merciless fire, broke and ran in confusion, 
leaving many of their number on the field. While the 
fighting at this point was at the fiercest — when shot and 
shell and minnie balls were flying thickest, an Irishman 
of the Seventy-fourth Ohio said to Col. Moody : "Colonel, 
you have been fighting the devil for twenty years, and 
don't you think hell has broke loose now?" 

The rebel line in our front was driven back two or 
three different times, and rallied and came again. Then 
the Thirty-seventh was ordered back for some reason, 
passing over ground that had been fought over by 
troops in its rear, unknown to the Regiment. As the 
Regiment was going back Col. Hull was wounded and 
Lieutenant-Colonel Ward took command, -and led the 
Regiment back and supplied it with ammunition, and 
took position with the reserve. 

Perhaps the Thirty-seventh never did harder fight- 
ing than it did at that time and place. Three times the 
rebels charged it, and three times were repulsed. Most 
men of the Thirty -seventh fired sixty rounds while there. 
The horses of Col. Hull, Lieutenant-Colonel Ward and 
Major Kimble were all killed or disabled there. As the 
rebels charged our line and received our fire, men could 
be seen stumbling and falling dead or wounded. The 
loss of the Thirty-seventh at that point was very heavy. 
No Regiment in that great and good army behaved 
better than the Thirty-seventh did. Col. Ward says : 

"This was the gloomiest time I ever remember to have 
experienced. We had had a very bloody engagement ; 
we knew quite a number had been killed and many 
more had been wounded, but of the many not ^present' 
we could not tell who were killed or wounded. 
The right of the army had been broken; yes, routed, 

36 HiStORY OF tHE f HlRTY-SEVEl^Trt 

and not knowing how it happened, we did not know 
what to expect. The lines were reformed in the shape 
of an immense horse-shoe, but would not that part of the 
army which had been driven once, break again if as- 
sailed again? These reflections made the outlook 
gloomy, indeed." 

The night passed with slight skirmishing, and the 
next day both armies seemed more cautious and the 
conflict was less deadly. But it was evident the next 
morning that the conflict would be fierce and perhaps 
decisive. A train arrived with rations, and the Thirty- 
seventh, which had little to eat for two days, the ofiicers 
faring no better than the men, were supplied with flour. 
This was mixed in water into dough, and cooked on hot 
rocks as best it could be and eaten. Meat was roasted 
or eaten raw with a relish. While trying to satisfy the 
cravings of hunger the Regiment was ordered into line 
and to double quick over to the left to meet an expected 
charge. Arriving at that point the Regiment found 
about sixty cannon there and in position, behind which 
a short distance the Regiment took position. 

In a few minutes the Confederates under Gen. 
Breckenridge fiercely assailed the Federal lines south of 
Stone River and drove them back to it. Here they 
were met by our division — Negley's, and some other 
troops, and after severe fighting were turned back, 
and driven by our forces until night closed the fighting. 
During the night a rain set in, and Stone River rose 
rapidly and that part of our army that was on the 
south side of the river, being liable to be cut off, by 
reason of high water, from the rest of the army, and 
thus left to contend with the whole rebeled army, was 
moved back to the north side of the river. That was a 
dark, dismal night, the men without fire or covering, 
lying on the ground while a cold rain poured down 


upon them. But like true soldiers, they bore it man- 
fully, and when daylight came, cheerfully ate their 
coarse food and stood ready for whatever duty or trial 
the day might have in store for them. 

Desultory fighting continued throughout the day, 
and towards evening it was evident that the enemy was 
massing troops at some point preparatory to making a 
night attack. There was some lively skirmishing that 
night and the rebels were driven at many points, but 
there was no general engagement. The Thirty -seventh 
Ind. camped that night just south of town in a clover 
field, and the rebel army slipped away under cover of 
the darkness. The battle had been fought and won and 
the Federal Army was victorious, but at a fearful sacri- 
fice of life. 

The loss of the Thirty-seventh was heavy. It went 
int^p the battle with 456 officers and men, 156 of whom 
were either killed or wounded. The loss of the Federal 
Army was 1,500 killed and something over 7,000 
wounded. The Confederate loss was even greater. 
Rosecrans said his army numbered 43,000, Bragg's army 
was larger, but just what the number was is not known. 

The Thirty-seventh Ind. and the other Regiments Qf 
the State and of other States, proved in that battle that 
the citizen soldiers of the peace-loving North were not 
inferior to the best soldiers the world ever produced. 
The Thirty-seventh was the first Regiment in Mur- 
freesboro. Col. Hull, of the Thirty -seventh Ind., was 
severely wounded early in the engagement, and Lieu- 
tenant-Colonel Ward, who commanded the Regiment 
after the Colonel was disabled, had his horse shot from 
under him, got a bullet hole through his overcoat and 
had a minnie ball to graze his chin, but was not 
seriously hurt. 


GuardiniT iVlurfrccsboro— A Raid— Sunstroke— Hanging 
Two Men. 

The 37th Regiment remained near town for some 
time, acting as provost guard. 
Provost duty — guarding houses 
and private property, policing 
camp, blacking old shoos, wear- 
ing white gloves at inspections 
is just what the hardy and 
honorable volunteer soldiers, 
especially Hoosier soldiers, 
abominates. But the Thirty- 
seventh did all these distaste- 
ful duties well, but was always 
glad when called to go on a 
scout or raid of some kind. 
One time while the Regiment 
was at Murfreesboro, it and a Michigan Regiment were 
ordered out on a scout some fifteen miles from that 
town. The Thirty -seventh took the advance going, arid 
the Michigan Regiment was accorded that position ag 
we returned. Nothing of any consequence came of the 
raid and after eating dinner, both Regiments started 
back to camp. 

The Thirty -seventh took the advance on returning 
for a couple of miles, and stepped to one side of the road 
to give the Michigan Regiment a chance to move to the 

Joseph Blair, Co. K, 
RushvUle, Ind. 


front. That Regiment had not seen much hard service ; 
the men were fat and anused to hardships, and the day 
was fearfully hot. As the men of that Regiment moved 
through the Thirty-seventh to the front, one of its men 
was sunstruck, and fell down by the roadside and strug- 
gled as if he^were dying. One of his comrades, a large, 
fleshy man, who was stripped to his shirt, and red as a 
lobster, coming up and seeing the sunstruck man lying 
and gasping, asked "What's the matter with that man?'' 
On being told "Sunstroke," he said, wiping his brow 
with his sleeve: "I wish to 
G— d I could git one of them 

While at Murfreesboro Chap- 
lain Lozier was acting as 
Division Postmaster. There was 
no regularity in the coming or 
going of the mails, and conse- 
quently the inquiries as to 
when the mail would go out 
became frequent and annoying. 
To answer this inquiry once 
and for all, the Chaplain placed j^j^^ cowanT First "sergeant 
on a piece of pasteboard in co. h, Bath p. o., FrankUn 
large letters: "T^e Chaplain county, Indiana. 
does not know when the mail will go," and hung it in 
front of his tent. Soon after, while he was out on busi- 
ness, a fun-loving, but not overly-pious soldier, wrote 
immediately under this, in the same kind of letters, 
"Neither does he care a damn." One can readily 
imagine the surprise of the Chaplain when he returned 
and saw the amendment the witty soldier had made to 
his notice. He could not swear, and did not feel like 
praying, and simply took the notice down and after- 
wards answered all questions by the living voice. 


While at Murfreesboro, two men who had been 
convicted of murder' at McMinville, Tenn., and were 
awaiting execution in jail, were released by Union 
soldiers who thought they had been put in there be- 
cause they were Union men. When the fact was 
known, they were recaptured and put in 'jail at Mur- 
freesboro, and after a time were hanged by the Thirty- 
seventh. How it became the duty of the military to 
hang these men I do not know, but the Thirty-seventh 
did it. On the 5th day of June, 1863, the Regiment 
took one of them, A. S. Selkirk, to the scaffold. He 
was placed on his coffin in an army wagon and taken 
into a woods, guarded by a largo detachment of the 
Thirty-seventh Ind. There the gallows had been 
erected, and a rope swung from a beam above. The 
wagon was driven under this and stopped so that the 
hind end gate of the wagon, when let down horizontally, 
would be under the cross beam. Nearly every soldier 
in the army who was not on duty, had got a pass to go 
and see the man hanged. Such a sight is seldom ever 
seen and not less than 10,000 men were there. 

Every tree near the gallows that could be climbed 
was almost covered with soldiers sitting on the limbs. 
Thousands surged around the wagon. The Thirty- 
seventh had to fix bayonets and drive them back. It 
then formed a "hollow square" and the poor mortal 
walked out on the end gate, was bound hand and foot, 
and after prayer by a Chaplain, was swung into 
eternity. A young lady, whose father this man had 
killed for money, stood close to the drop, and a smile 
played on her face as the man struggled in death. The 
other condemned man was hanged from the same 
gallows a few days afterwards. 


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• • 




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• • 




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• • • • 





• • 

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Tullalioma Campaign— A Gambling Mania— Col. Hull De- 
tailed—Brigade Stampeded by a Cow. 

Bragg's army was holding a position on Duck River, 
and we were all glad when orders came to advance. 
On the 24th of June, 1863, we struck tents and started 
with our division (Negley's) and the rest of the army to 
hunt Bragg. He was not hard to find, and though there 
was some sharp fighting at Hoover^s Gap, the Thirty- 
seventh was not engaged. We laid in a wheat field 
the next night, and the boys slept on wheat shocks for 

On the 26th we camped at Beech Grove, and on the 
27th Nogley's division went on a reconnoissance several 
miles to a farm house, where we remained about an hour 
and returned. The next day the enemy was found just 
where we had been the day before. Our Regiment, 
with all of Thomas' corps, arrived at Manchester about 
midnight From thence we went to TuUahoma, and on 
the night of the 28th or 29th, lay in an open field with a 
dense woods in front of us. In the morning we were 
called into line of battle, and formed near the edge of 
the woods. 

The artillerymen were burnishing their guns; field 
oflicers were riding hurriedly from point to point, and 
the skirmishers in the dense forest were firing quite 
briskly and everything looked as if a battle were immi- 
nent. But there was no battle and we marched on. About 
July 1st the Thirty -seventh made a forced march of 


some miles to re-inforce the first Brigade of our division, 
which was sharply engaged. We double-quicked in the 
direction of the tiring beneath a broiling sun, and many 
men were overcome with the heat. We saw a large 
number of dead and wounded, but did no fighting. It 
looked strange to see our boys hunting and eating 
huckleberries in the open woods where we were and 
where several poor, wounded soldiers lay and suffered. 

We here became impressed with the fact that Bragg 
had evacuated Tullahoma and was trying to get his 
army across the Cumberland mountains. It was shortly 
after leaving Tullahoma that rations gave, out and the 
boys, as Negley rode past, said in loud tones : "Hard 
tack," and he showed so much temper. We crossed the 
river on a dilapidated old bridge, and camped for a 
short time where our cavalry had had a sharp skirmish. 
Several Confederate dead were yet where they fell near 
a farm house. 

Leroy Roberts, of Co. F, and a f(5w others took in 
the sights at that place, and say they were sad, indeed. 
We reached Dechard, Tenn , the 3d day of July, and 
were ordered into camp. No one can tell just how tired 
the men were. They had marched and counter-marched 
through rain and mud for nearly two weeks, and slept 
like hogs in mud and water and that order was greatly 
enjoyed and cheerfully obeyed. On the morning of the 
Fourth of July, 1863, as tlie army was quietly resting, 
the deep boom of cannon was heard in the distance,. and 
all expected to be called immediately to fall in and 
move to the scene of conflict, when an oflficer rode into 
camp and said that Vicksburg had fallen into the hands 
of the Union army, and that the Eastern army had 
gained a glorious victory at Gettysburg. No one 
enjoyed victories and news of victories more than the 
soldier boys, and the day was one of hilarity. Victories 


brightened the prospect, sometimes exceedingly dim, of 
retarning to home and friends and peace, all in a loved 
and united country. 

While at Dechard the mail arrived and brought 
news of home and of the Morgan raid through Indiana. 
At this place the Regiment was put under strict army 
regulations— company and regimental drill, dress parade, 
policing grounds, guard duty, brightening guns, etc. And, 
strange as it may seem, here under this strict discipline 
the soldiers developed such a passion for gambling that 
the officers felt it to be their duty to suppress it, if 
possible. After orders forbidding gambling had been 
issued, the men would slip out and throw dice by moon- 
light. One night a little squad of guards were taken out 
of camp and deployed as skirmishei*s, and three or four 
soldiers were caught who had been gambling. Digging 
stumps was the penalty. How strict regulations, army 
discipline and full rations developed this disposition to 
gamble, is something it is not the province of the writer 
hereof to account for. The fact is simply stated. 

While we were at Dechard, about the 1st of August, 
1863, Col. Hull was detailed to act as a member of the 
Board to examine applicants for positions as officers of 
colored troops. The Board was located at Nashville, 
Tenn., and he went to the duty assigned him. This 
left Lieutenant-Colonel Ward in command of the 
Regiment. Col. Hull never returned to the Regiment, 
and Col. Ward commanded it till it was discharged by 
fCason of expiration of time of service. I may be per- 
mitted to say that few, if any Colonels, retired from the 
service so generally esteemed and liked by the men of 
their Regiments as did Col. Ward. It must be a com- 
fort to him in his old days to know that his comrades 
regarded, and still regard him, as pure, just, impartial 
and sufficiently brave to have gone with them to certain 


"death if duty required it. We left this oamp the 17th 
of August) and marched on the railroad to Cowan 
Station, a few miles distant. There we crossed the 
Cumberland mountain. All tilled their canteens in the 
afternoon before they started up, and marched hard and 
steadily till dusk, when the top was reached. The next 
day we descended on the other side, and returned to the 
railroad at the point where the train, which carried 
many of our Regiment, was fired on Sept. 1st, 1862, 
nearly one year before. The Regiment went into camp 
on the evening of the 18th, near a place where a part of 
the Regiment had guarded bridges and water tanks for 
several weeks a year before. Notwithstanding the 
strict orders against leaving camp without a permit, 
some of the men did leave, and were gone some time in 
search of "the girl they left behind them" when they 
left there a year ago. Some of the boys reported 
progress when they returned, and we are informed some 
of them afterwards married the girls when **the cruel 
war was over." But this is only hearsay, and, if true, 
there was no wrong done. 

While on this march many men were greatly 
troubled with diarrhoea, and the Colonel, fearing for 
their health, demanded that they should eat sparingly of 
the green corn. He told Dr. J. R. Goodwin — regimental 
surgeon, and a noble man, what he had done, and was 
informed by him that he had made a mistake ; that the 
men needed vegetables. The Colonel told the men to eat 
all they could, which they did and recovered rapidly. 

While marching toward our destination about the 
20th of August, the Regiment halted one day for dinner, 
and remained there till the next day, a tine corn-field 
being on our right. On the left was a steep mountain, 
which nothing could climb. The road wound around 
the foot of this mountain, and on the right of the road 


was a fence and corn-field. The guns were stacked in 
the middle of the road, and at night the men slept at the 
edge of the road on either side of their guns. There 
was no fear of any enemy, and the sleep was sound and 
sweet. But about midnight the wildest, most alarming 
shrieks and shouts were heard in the distance that 
the Thirty-seventh had ever heard. The trouble came 
nearer and nearer, and now the awful and heaven- 
defying profanity and blasphemy of the excited men, 
the falling of gun-stacks and the heavy breathing and 
snorting and jumping of a heavy animal were alarming, 
indeed. Some sprang for their guns, some from them, 
and in doing so seriously hurt themselves on rocks. 
One man actually climbed a tree. On came the animal, 
running over men and knocking down gun-stacks. 

It was a large steer that had walked in at the rear 
of the Regiment and moved on quietly till it tramped on 
a sleeping soldier, who kicked, of course, and set the 
animal going over men and stacks of guns, and got the 
most soundly cursed of any man or beast in the Southern 
Confederacy. It had to run the entire length of the 
Regiment before it escaped, as the mountain was on one 
side of the road and the fence on the other. After it 
was gone the men laughed and cursed and scolded, and 
then like good soldiers, laid down again. Some of the 
men were hurt quite badly by jumping while half asleep 
against the large rocks that had fallen from the ledges 
above, but so far as is known none of them draw pen- 
sions for wounds received there, and this may be some 
comfort to those who are so distressed about the soldiers 
getting pensions. 

Our last camp before we crossed the Tennessee river 
was near the last of August. It was uncomfortably cold 
there for several nights. While at this camp we were 
called into line to witness the punishment of two artillery- 



men, who, for some offense, had the hair shaved off of 
one side of their heads, and marched in front of the 
entire Brigade with a fifer before them playing "Poor, 
old soldier," and a file of soldiers behind them with 
bayonets fixed in distressingly close proximity to their 
seats. These same soldiers were conspicuous in the 
battle of Chickamauga in less than a month after that 
time, where they did their duty well. 

They concealed from those who did not belong to the 
Brigade the evidence of the disgraceful punishment 

which had been inflicted 
on them by their officers 
for some offense, by tying 
up their heads in white 
cloth as if they were sore. 
It looked strange to see 
men who had so recently 
been so humiliated by 
their government's officers 
fighting so bravely for 
that government. 

It was very apparent 

that the crime for which 

r ^ „ „ ^ they had been punished 

John H. Brown. Co. A, wounded ,. _. 

Sunday morning of the Chicka- ^^S not COwardlCe. The 
mauga battle. Greensburg, Ind. way they f OUght in that 

hell of fire and smoke proved them to be good, true and 
brave American citizens. 


Ttie Ctiickamauga Campaign— Crossing ttie River, Sand and 

Lookout Mountain— Skirmishing and Fighting— Pigeon 

Mountains— The Great Battle of Chickamauga. 

About the last of August, 1863, a forward movement 
was ordered. We reached . t*^ 

the Tennessee river a few 
miles below Stevenson 
the 1st day of September 
in the evening, and crossed 
the river on a pontoon 
bridge about midnight. 

The Tennessee river 
is wide, and though it 
was midnight, the bright 
shining moon made every- 
thing look nicer, more 
romantic than if all had 
been lighted by the King 
of day. A man was in h. j. steward, Co. a, 

each little Skiflf on which Letts' Comer, Ind. 

the bridge rested to bail out the water. The mellow 
moonlight shining on the peaceful waters and shores of 
the river, made the brightly burnished rifles of the men 
and the swords of the oflBcers look all the more terrible 
and out of harmony with the kind and gentle surround- 
ings of nature. The putting of a great river behind us 
as we went farther into the enemy's country, increased 
the danger. But we were soldiers, and these thoughts 


were soon put out of mind. We all got over in good 
order and slept soundly on the Southern shore till morn- 
ing. Then we marched a few miles up the river to a 
place where we were to cross Sand mountain. 

We rested at the foot of that mountain till next 
morning, the 3d, and then started up it. The mountain 
was steep and the road villainous. The Thirty -seventh 
Ind. was distributed along the road at steep and rough 
places on the mountain and assisted the teams over it. 
The men had long ropes which they would fasten to 
each side of a wagon and fifteen or twenty men would 
pull on each of these ropes, and thus enable the mules to 
move the wagon a short distance. These men would 
leave this wagon to comrades at that point and go back 
with their ropes for another wagon until all were 
taken over. 

General Negley, to whose division the Thirty-seventh 
belonged, not only supervised this work, but actually 
pulled off his coat and pulled at the ropes. While going 
up this mountain a sutler had stalled and worked his 
wagon out to the side of the road, and concluded to 
lighten his load by selling his goods at prices much 
higher than the mountain. Some of the boys were not 
pleased with his prices, and getting into a quarrel with 
him, tumbled his wagon, goods and everything down the 
mountain side. We slept on the mountain top that 
night, and the next day, the 5th, marched down its 
eastern slope into Lookout valley, and camped near 
Trenton Gap. The next day was the Sabbath, and we 
rested all day — blessed day of rest. 

On the morning of the 7th we moved up the valley 
some distance. We were nearing the crossing of the 
fourth great barrier that we had to overcome during 
that campaign — the Cumberland mountain, the Ten- 
nessee river, Sand mountain, and last and greatest of all, 


Lookout mountain. The 8th and 9th were spent in 
crossing the mountain, working part of the 9th digging- 
great rocks out of the road and rolling them down the 
mountain side. Here, too, the men had to help haul the 
army wagons and artillery up the mountain. Finally 
the division (Negley's), got down the mountain, into 
McElmore's Cave. The Thirty-seventh was deployed 
as skirmishers on the 10th, and moved forward quite 
rapidly about a u\ile when it struck the enemy, and 
skirmishing began inimediately. 

The Thirty -seventh was supported by its Brigade 
and drove the enemy south on the Lafayette road to- 
ward Dug Gap. Perhaps the Thirty -seventh, and the 
division to which it belonged, never was in a more dan- 
gerous condition than just at that time. Nothing but 
the blundering of Gen. Bragg saved it from capture, as 
the whole rebel army of 45,000 men, who had fallen 
back from Chattanooga to that point, was in front of us 
An anecdote, told by a Confederate soldier to the writer 
of this since the war, shows that the Confederate soldiers 
who had "fallen back" with Bragg from Murfreesboro 
to Chattanooga, had become disgusted with him. After 
Bragg had fallen back to Chattanooga he joined the 
Episcopal fchurch. 

The next day after he had joined, a Confederate 
soldier said to another one: "Well, old Bragg joined 
church yesterday." "The old fool," said the other. 
"Oh," said the first speaker, "he wants to get to heaven 
just as bad as you do." "Of course he does," said the 
other, "but if he should get to heaven he would fall 
back the next day." 

Bragg intended to capture that division of the army 
and then destroy or capture Crittenden and McCook in 
detail, but he was a little too slow. We had driven the 
enemy some miles when they made a stand. From 


some prisoners captured that djiy it was learned that we 
were in front of the entire Confederate army com- 
manded by Gen. Bragg. Our whole force at that time 
consisted of three Brigades of Infantry, three Batteries 
and one Regiment of Cavalry, all commanded by Gen. 
Negley. That night the boys ate roasting-ears gathered 
from corn-stalks from twelve to fifteen feet high. The 
mountains kept the air cool and made vegetation late. 
We held our ground the 10th all day, skirmishing 
sharply at times. Those who were not on picket slept 

*well that night. Leroy Rob- 
erts, of Co. F, was on picket 
that night and says: "The 
words of caution I received 
from the officer of the guard 
that night convinced me, boy 
that I was, that some one, high 
in authority, knew more than 
he cared to tell." 
History informs us that at 
9:30 that night Negley sent a 
message to Gen. Baird, who 
Leroy Roberts. was following US with the first 

Diusborough, ind. division, that he had encount- 

ered a large force of the enemy, and asked him if he 
would bo up in time to assist him on the 11th. This 
dispatch was sent from the house of the widow Davis, 
near Chickamauga creek. We were in close quarters, 
indeed, and had Bragg's orders been carried out, the 
division would have been captured on the morning of 
the 11th ; but their delays was their misfortune and our 
salvation. On the morning of the 11th a strong force in 
our front developed our position, and when they had 
done that they sent a strong force around our left fiank. 
Their line of march could easily be seen by the great 


cloud of dust they raised. Baird had arrived, and with 
his Brigade it was necessary for the enemy to approach 
us cautiously. 

While falling back, and still near Dug Gap, a 
woman carrying a little baby came out of a little white 
frame house over which bullets and shells were 
flying pretty thick. She spoke to no one, but started to 
the rear. Just as some one remarked "She runs like a 
deer," a deer jumped up and started after her; but 
whether it overtook her or not is not certain, for both 
disappeared in^a thicket. After the Regiment had got 
back to a place of some safety, Co. B, of the Thirty- 
goventh, was sent back to Bridgeport for supplies, and 
returning Sunday, the 20th of September, struck Mc- 
Cook's corps rushing back demoralized, and was carried 
with it back to Chattanooga, and thus was kept, greatly 
to its regret, from participating in the great battle of 

Negley showed both courage and good generalship 
that day. While the rebels were really in our rear and 
front, he managed to keep a Brigade in front of them all 
the time. That was one of the most tiresome days the 
Thirty -seventh ever experienced. From early morning 
till after dark it was falling back, and taking positions, 
and marching to the flanks, and skirmishing with over- 
whelming numbers. And oh, how hot it was ! 

The men were nearly worn out moving from place 
to place, though Negley's presence and voice encouraged 
them greatly. About 3 o'clock in the afternoon, Hind- 
man's gun on our left and rear, which was the signal for 
Bragg to attack us in front, was heard. The signal came 
too late to be of any advantage to the enemy. Just 
about this time, as the Thirty -seventh was standing in 
line of battle. Gen. George H. Thomas rode slowly up 
looking as peaceful and calm as the summer sky, in- 


spiring" all with new hope and couraj^e, and cauaino* 
many to say ; ^'There's Pap Thomas, boys, it's all right 
now/' Great and good and able Gen. George H. 
Thomas ; without a peer in that army. We continued 
falling back slowly till we came to the mountain which 
protected our flanks, and there we rested and held the 
enemy at bay all night and next day. The Dug Gap 
campaign was a tiresome and dangerous one. The 
Thirty -seventh had several men wounded on the 10th 
and llth, but none killed. 

On the llth, as we were falling back with the Con- 
federate army as close after us as it was safe for ihem to 
come, we passed a small, but neat little frame house. One 
of our Batteries was tiring at the advancing enemy, and 
one of their guns was firing at us. A shell from the 
enemy's gun struck the corner of the house, and, ex- 
ploding, tore out the end of the building. A tall, and 
rather a nice looking lady came out with a large bible 
under her arm, and said to the boys in blue : "I hope, 
gentlemen, you will be highly entertained to-day, and I 
am glad to say the prospect for it is exceedingly bright," 
and she hurried on toward a place of safety. 

On the 10th, Thomas McGuinness, of Co. K, was 
slightly wounded, and on the llth, as we were hurrying 
through a corn-iield to our left, a corn-stalk caught the 
hammer of some one's gun, causing it to explode, wound- 
ing Sergeant Jasper Plow, of Co. K, on the wrist so as 
to permanently disable him. He was a good and brave 
man. On the llth we crossed the head waters of Chick- 
amauga creek — a sluggish, nasty stream. It did not 
enter into our minds that soon we, with other Regi- 
ments, would make that little, insignificant stream 
famous the world over, and that on its banks thousands 
of the soldiers of the Union would pour out their blood 
for their government. On., the 12th the other three' 


divisions of our corps came rapidly down the mountain 
and joined us, and then we felt that with that position 
we could hold our own against the combined force of 
the enemy. 

. The Thirty-seventh remained near there till the 
18th, when we moved by the* left flank some miles 
north. After dark we took up otir line of march again 
toward ttie«orth, and to what proved to be the bloody 
field of Chickamauga. 

How far we marched that night I do not know, but 
we were going all night, sometimes I think in one 
direction and sometimes in another. The army seemed 
badly mixed, but I suppose it was all right. Fences 
were burning everywhere we went. Troops were pass- 
ing all night and taking position on the left. Negley's 
division relieved Vandever the latter part of that night. 
Our Brigade laid down near the morning of the l9th to 
sleep, and was awakened by cannonading on our left. 
We watched the shells bursting and heard the cannons 
roar. Thomas was at Kelley's house, near the Lafayette 
road, copfronting Bragg's army near Chickamauga 

About noon the battle raged fiercely. McCook's 
division, tired and covered with dust, passed us going 
in the direction of the fighting. We lay there listening 
to the roar of artillery and the sharp rattle of musketry. 
Sometime in the afternoon Saturday, Negley was ordered 
to move in the direction of the battle. > He started 
promptly, and after going some distance we came to 
Crawfish springs. There we were permitted to fill our 
canteens, which we gladly did, as we knew the im- 
portance of water in a battle. What a beautiful spring 
of water that was, and is ! Think of going from that 
pure life-giving fountain of clear, cold water, springing 
up in great abundance, to a great and dreadful battle 
where smoke and dust and toil and wounds and death 


hold high carnival. That is war. Negley seemed 
auxious to get into the fray — seemed vexed at the delib- 
eration of some of the men when drinking the water or 
filling their canteens. But that was the last quiet or 
water that we got till Sabbath night after the battle. 
Near the Lee house was Rosecran's headquarters before 
moving to the widow Glenn's. We moved forward 
rapidly and soon began to meet wounded men and 
stragglers — many were badly wounded and many were 
only scared — stampeded. This was an unusual sight to 

the Thirty-seventh, but some- 
thing that may always be seen 
at the rear of a great army en- 
gaged in battle. 

As we marched through an 
open field our army lay at the 
edge of a woods some sixty 
rods in front of us. We saw 
our line for a distance of nearly 
a quarter of a mile in length 
and it was tiring as fast as it 
could. The wounded wore 
Sergeant Lafayette Ford, Co. E. coming back in greai numbers, 
Detroit, Mich. and W. C. Patton, of Co. K, 

asked one of them how they were making it in front. 
He said : "Well, it's about nip and tuck and d— d if I 
ain't afraid tuck has the best of it." Others though 
badly wounded, said they were getting along all right. 

We went on, passed the widow Glenn's house — 
Rosecran's headquarters. We were on the dry valley 
road, and still west some distance of the fighting line. 
We went, I am told, to the west and north of Brother- 
tons, and formed our line of battle and the men laid 
down. While there an officer rode up and asked what 
Regiment that was. No one answering promptly, Rufqs 


Hudelson, of Co. K, jumped up, and in the most cheer- 
ful tone of voice, said: "The Thirty-seventh Indiana, 
and we only have one more year to serve." Nothing 
could have been more ridiculous than to be delighted 
that we only had one year of that kind of fighting to do. 
About dark severe fighting began on our left, and we 
were ordered forward into a woods. It was very dark 
and the ground had been fought over, and many guns 
were lying on the ground. We could see the fire leap- 
ing from the guns of our soldiers on our left, and hear 
the bullets of the enemy whiz- 
zing past, but there was no 
fighting at our front, and we 
had only one man wounded. 
Thus it is in war. Sometimes 
we plunge into danger when 
we little expect it, and some- 
times when we think we are 
marching into the jaws of 
death, the battle lifts and no 
one is hurt. At times when 
the battle is raging at its 
fiercest, all in a few minutes 
will become as quiet as any David h. Hair co. f, 

-, , , , ^ -^ Elrod, Ind. 

Sabbath morning. We made 

temporary fortifications there of logs and rails, and laid 
down to rest. The night wa« dark and cold, and the 
groans of the wounded in our front added to the gloomy 
surroundings. Thirty-seventh men carried back many 
poor, wounded rebels that night and cared for them as 
best they could. 

Before all the wounded were cared for, the queen of 
the night arose in all her splender and lighted up the 
blood-stained field with her cold rays. Col. Ward at the 
time quoted the words: "'Twas a calm, still night, and 


the cold, round moon looked dowji on the dead and 
dying." The night was cold, and the men suffered 
greatly, their clothing being wet with perspiration. 
They were not permitted to take their ^blankets from 
their knapsacks, and were compelled to lie on the cold 
ground shivering till the sun arose and warmed them 
with its heat. No heavier frost was ever seen, than lay 
that morning on the battle field of Chickamauga. The 
moaning of the wounded had ceased the morning of the 
20th as the sun arose above the hills, and many soldiers 
slept that sleep that knows no waking. 

We gathered logs and rails out of which we made 
temporary breast-works, and waited for the battle to 
begin. A stiller Sabbath morning than that 20th morn- 
ing of September was never known. The silence was 
oppressive. The firing of a few guns of either army 
would have been a relief. The sun climbed high up the 
steep of the heavens. About 9 o'clock we could hear 
the artillery wagons of the enemy moving toward our 
left. We all knew what that meant. About that time 
General Garfield and staff rode along the line a short 
distance in the rear. Soon after a rifle was heard, then 
another, and in a moment many others, and now many 
cannons on both sides are making the very earth shake 
with their awful roar. The battle was on in earnest. 
Rebel skirmishers try our line, but are easily repulsed. 
This was about 9:30 o'clock in the morning. 

About 10 o'clock we, Sirwell's Brigade, was ordered 
to the support of Thomas, Beatty and Stanley's Brigades 
having preceded us. We went about a half mile when 
an order came to change front and retake our old 
position, which we did. From this point Col. Ward sent 
his horse back, which was captured by some Confederate 
Cavalry. We wore again ordered to the left and rear 
to a hillside sloping towards the woods we left. We had 

• • •• • 


• • • •* 

• • •• 

• ••• • • • 


• • 







• • 

• •• •• 



....•• .:-.• 

Captain John mcKEE, Co. k. 


hardly formed our line when the Confederate line of 
battle advanced, but was soon halted by our artillery 
opening on them. The enemy then trained their 
artillery on us, but did no serious injury. Cannon balls 
tore through the timber and shells burst over our heads, 
but struck no one in our Regiment. Splinters knocked 
from trees by cannon balls struck Col. Ward and others, 
but hurt no one seriously. 

At this point we discovered that the Thirty -seventh 
Indiana and the Twenty-first Ohio had become separated 
from the other Regiments of the Brigade. After staying 
a short time at this point we were ordered to the left by 
Gen. Negley. In obeying this order we crossed quite a 
little hill, and formed in an open woods. Shells were 
screaming through the tree tops, bursting over our heads 
and making a fearful noise, but doing but little harm. 
After standing there a short time we were ordered for- 
ward. The roar of battle was deafening, and we were 
sure we were going into it. We took position near a 
straw stack. Union troops on our right and a little in 
advance were in a corn-field, and the dust raised in the 
field by rebel bullets striking the ground among them, 
reminded one of the dust raised sometimes by a dashing 
summer's rain. It did not seem possible that we would 
get out of that place without fighting. The battle raged 
furiously on our right, while comparative quiet reigned 
in our front. A Union bjittery at our rear and on a hill, 
kept up a continual firing over us, and a rebel gun in 
our front was shooting over our heads at our battery it 
seemed. We remained at this place quite a while, but 
did no fighting and suffered no loss. A cannon ball 
from the rebel gun at our front struck a pine tree near 
the top some forty rods in front of us, tore through it, 
struck the ground in front of us, bounded against our 
breast-works of rails, and some of us think it rolled 


back, while others think it went on to the rear. 
From that position we were moved a short distance 
to the right and rear of the straw stack, and up a little 
hill near a house where a Union battery was firing very 
rapidly. This place seemed like a veritable hell; the 
blue smoke from the cannons' mouths made it difficult 
to see, and the roar was simply deafening. While at 
this place an officer rode up on a fiery steed flecked with 
foam and inquired "What Regiment is this?'' On being 
told, he ordered us to charge over the point of the hill 
and capture a rebel Brigade. 

Rufus Hudelson said: "I don't want any rebel 
Brigade." It was at that time, and is yet believed by 
many of us, including the writer of this, that that man 
was a rebel officer. Such things did occur on that day. 
To the right of us about 400 yards on that same hill the 
Ninth Indiana Regiment was fighting. The day was 
far gone and the smoke of battle hung on the moist air 
of evening. A rebel officer rode up to the Ninth and 
said : "Surrender, men ; you are surrounded, and to fight 
longer is murder." Two men of the Ninth Indiana 
turned around and said : "Who the h — 1 are you?" and 
shot him off his horse. As he fell he said : "Oh, boys, 
why did you kill me?" Judge McConnel, of Logans- 
port, was there and vouches for the truth of this. Both 
sides fought desperately there, for on the result of that 
battle the fate of the government seemed to hang. 

Our Colonel had about finished the order to make 
the charge when an aid of Gen. Negley rode up and or- 
dered us to move off by the right flank toward the rear. 
That we were at this time at the northern point of 
Snodgretss hill there is no doubt. I have been there 
three times since the battle, and think I cannot be mis- 
taken about it. The hill and surroundings look quite 
natural. Comrade Leroy Roberts, of Co. F, visited that 


battle field while old man Snodgrass still lived in that 
house, and he told Mr. Roberts that the straw stack at 
which we formed our line as before stated, was un- 
doubtedly his. The Twenty-first Ohio of our Brigade, 
the only Regiment of our division excepting the Thirty- 
seventh that was left on the field, was in the hottest of 
the fight on that hill. 

We marched back and down a sloping hill through 
an open woods. In this open woods were artillery 
teams hitched to their wagons without riders, running 
wildly through the woods hauling the cannons. Some 
of the horses were shot and unable to travel and were 
dragged along. Men and officers by the scores were 
running wildly to the rear, seemingly having lost all 
pride and shame. Perhaps such a sight may always be 
seen in the rear of a great army engaged in battle, but 
it was a curious, uncommon and painful sight to the 
men of the Thirty -seventh Indiana Regiment. Col. 
Ward and the other officers of the Regiment acted 
wisely and fearlessly, and if there was any indication of 
fright among the men of the Thirty -seventh,I did not see it. 

Our Regiment seemed so cool and orderly that I am 
told quite a number of men who were running away 
fell in with it, and for a time became a part of us. Our 
first stop was in an open field a half mile or more to the 
rear and north of Snodgrass hill, and on the road lead- 
ing through McFarland's Gap, which is south of Ross- 
ville in the same Missionary ridge. We were ordered 
to the rear twice more that evening ; the last time took 
us to or near Rossville, where we found Jeff. C. Davis 
rallying his troops. We were required to join him in 
that work, and gathered up quite a force, a number of 
them being without arms. The battle still raged with 
unabated fury at the front, and continued to do so 
till after dark. 



We remained on the field near Rossville, and the 
firing at the front ceasing, laid down to rest and sleep. 
But thoughts of the dead and dying on that bloody 
battle ground greatly disturbed the rest of many who 
badly needed sleep. More than thirty thousand men 
had been killed or wounded in those two days, most 
of whom still remained where they fell. On the morn- 
ing of the 21st, Gen. Negley rode up to us and inquired 
how the Indiana boys were at that time. The Thirty- 
seventh, after eating breakfast, was marched south some 

distance and placed on 
picket on Missionary 
ridge. The pickets were 
placed in little groups of 
three or four men some 
two or three rods apart. 
The rebels were anxious 
to know what we were 
doing and how strong 
we were, and about 3 
o'clock p. m. sent out a 
scouting party to gain the 
desired information. They 
came a little too close, 
and Willis Vidito, of Co. 
F, killed one of them, and 
their curiosity was satisfied. We remained on that 
ridge all night — a long, cold, cheerless night, and at 
early dawn the 22d of September, we quietly came 
down the hill and marched into Chattanooga, the rebels 
following us so closely that their advance was in sight 
of us as we went into town, and the Chickamauga cam- 
paign was over, and Chattanooga, the objective point, 
was ours. Ours was the last Regiment to go into Chat- 
tanooga. The rebel Cavalry followed us pretty closely. 

Willis Vidito, 
Alsea, Oregon. 


but showed no desire to attack us. Our army had the 
city— rtheirs the dead and wounded. Yet no campaign 
or battle of the war did greater honor to the fighting 
quality of the Northern soldiers, or accomplished more 
for the crushing of the rebellion than the battle of 
Chickamauga. When we arrived near Chattanooga the 
morning of the 22d, we faced to the front, went into 
camp, ate breakfast and prepared for the siege of 


The Siesre of Ctiattanoosra— Starvingr^Eatingr Corn, Cow 
Tails and Acorns. 

Riojht good works had already been erected when 
we got into the town. Men 
were busy with picks and 
spades. Our pickets were out 
about a half mile south of our 
line. The enemy came on in 
force, attacked our pickets and 
seemed determined to bring on 
an engagement. Our Batteries 
, opened on them that afternoon 
and a strong force started to 
re-inforce our pickets, and the 
attack was abandoned. All 
J. w. Garrison, Co. H, our energies were now put 
Greensburg, ind. forth to Strengthen the fortifi- 

cations so that we could withstand any attack the 
enemy might make. A long trial of labor, exposure, 
danger and hunger was before the army, but it pre- 
ferred almost anything to giving up the town. They 
had fought for it and got it, and would not surrender it 
now. Fortifying was seriously interrupted by the 
enemy's artillery. They kept up an almost incessant 
cannonading for several days, doing but little harm. 
One of the shells did not explode, and some colored 
men used one of them for an andiron. Soon there was 
a fearful explosion and one dead colored man and two 


or three seriously wounded. We worked the night of 
the 22d on Fort Negley. He told us if we would work 
well that night on the fort we need not fear anything 
the enemy could do. 

We surely worked- well all that night, and the guns* 
of the Nineteenth Indiana Battery were put in position 
in that fort the morning of the 23d. The enemy did 
not seem anxious to try us again, and we continued 
fortifying. On the afternoon of the 23d we hoisted a 
flag on the fort and Negley said : "Now, let them come," 
but they did not. They were 
very provoking, never coming 
when we wanted them to, and 
generally coming when they 
were neither invited nor 
wanted. That may be some 
excuse for our using them so 
badly when they did come. 
Yet we would have treated 
them worse if they had come 
when we wanted them. 

Every available man was 

at this time put to work on the Marion Davis, Sergeant Co.B, 

fortifications, and Chattanooga r y, n . 

was fast becoming a well fortified city. The enemy 
continued to shell us, and make it very unpleasant and 
somewhat dangerous to work where shot or shells 
could reach us. The large gun they had on the top of 
Lookout mountain made a fearful noise, but did little 
harm, as they could not depress it enough to hit us by 
shooting directly at us without spoiling the carriage of 
the gun. Often they would shoot up so the ball would 
fall into our camp. This did no other harm to the 
Thirty-seventh, I believe, than to let a cannon ball drop 
through a dog tent in which Doc. Baker, of Co. G, was 


sitting reading. It tore a big hole in the tent, but did 
not touch him. One evening after we were pretty well 
fortified, the whole army, by common consent, I think, 
began cheering, and kept it up for half an hour. 

The Thirty-seventh slept behind Fort Negley with- 
out any protection from the shot and shells of the 
enemy, or from the sun or rain or dew. Quite fre- 
quently at night when we were sleeping soundly, we 
would be aroused and hastily marched into Fort 
Negley. This was done that we might learn our position 
if we should be attacked. 

It was at Fort Negley, and the 3d of October, that 
the enemy shelled us so vigorously all one afternoon. 
We had no protection, and the shot and shell came 
thick and fast. Their Batteries were in plain view, 
and only those who have experienced it can tell how 
slow time seems to fly while he is the target for an 
enemy's Battery. We expected a repetition of this 
shelling the next day, but did not get it. From this 
position we were soon removed to one at the foot of 
Cameron hill. They continued to shell us from Look- 
out mountain, but could not depress their gun enough 
to harm us much. 

But worse than shot and shell were the short rations 
on which we were placed. The hard work and ex- 
posure to which we were subjected made full rations a 
necessity. Instead of this we were suddenly put on half 
rations, and much less than that. Thousands of men 
there for the first time felt the gnawing of hunger 
without knowing when or how it would be satisfied. 
Men would take the corn from the horses and mules, 
hundreds of which were starved to death. A dollar 
would willingly have been given for a five-cent loaf of 
bread. Where beeves were slaughtered, men would go 
•out and cut the tails from the hide and bring them in 


and cook them. The weather was trotting cold, and 
every tree inside of our lines was cut down for fuel. 
When all these were consumed, the stumps and roots 
of the trees were dug up and used for fuel. 

This was a time of severe trial and suffering. Many 
became weak and emaciated, yet not one word was 
uttered about evacuating the city. "Hold it till clothing 
and provision comes" was the sentiment of all. I be- 
lieve no army ever showed more patience, courage or 
patriotism than did that grand old army of the Cum- 
berland. But relief came at last. 

Hooker arrived with the Eleventh and Twelfth 
corps at Bridgeport and drove the enemy back to 
within a few miles of Chattanooga ; and then a Brigade 
under Gen. Turchin was loaded in small boats at Chat- 
tanooga, and after dark they silently floated down the 
Tennessee river to a position held by the Confederates, 
from which they controlled it. It had rained the night 
before, and the rebels' seeing the little boats floating 
down, said: **8ee how the river is rising and floating 
down logs." Turchin's men landed and began fighting 
at once. The battle raged furiously from about 11 
o'clock to 1, when the enemy gave up the position, leav- 
ing the field to Turchin. This gave us control of the 
river to within a mile of the city, and provision and 
ammunition were easily hauled from there. 

Col. Hull returned some time in November and 
took command of the Regiment, and Col. Ward was 
detailed as a member of a court martial, which held its 
sessions in Chattanooga. On the 23d of November the 
members of the court martial were returned to their 
commands, and the Thirty -seventh moved near Fort 
Wood. We marched over the knoll through the camp 
of the Ninth Ohio, while the enemy's guns on Mis- 
sionary ridge indicated trouble ahead. We slept that 


night in the rear of the trenches at the right of Fort 
Wood. The 24th was the battle of Lookout mountain, 
which we saw plainly from our position, and if a 
prettier sight was ever seen, the Thirty-seventh did not 
see it. Many able and gifted writers have attempted to 
describe it, but all failed. Consequently, I shall not try 
it. But the recollection of it makes us all glad that we 
were soldiers of the Union. 

The next day, the 25th, was the battle of Missionary 
ridge. About 2 o'clock the army commenced moving 
as if on review. Confederate officers sitting on their 
horsee at Brad's headquarters on Missionai^ ridge were 
plainly seen, watching the movements of our army. It 
marched directly toward (3rchard Knob, a high point 
held and fortified by the Confederates, about half way 
between the city and the ridge. When the leading 
division had come to within a few hundred yards of the 
knobs, the order was given to double quick, and the 
artillery to open fire. 

When the command **Charge" was given, instantly 
the brave fellows went cheering as they went and 
never halted till they had driven the enemy from their 
fortifications. Some of the Thirty-seventh men helped 
to carry wounded men off the battle field the next day. 
Comrade I^roy Roberts assisted the next day in carry- 
ing an officer from the field who was hurt so badly 
that he did not speak. 

The Thirty-seventh returned to its camp on the 
27th of November. On the 28th we were ordered to 
make a reconnoissance on Lookout mountain, and 
started on the evening of the 29th, arriving on the top 
of the mountain about 9 o'clock at night We went up 
on the government road. On the 30th we marched on 
top of the mountain south, and slept that night on the 
mountain top. Men in camp made fires out of pine 


knots which were numerous there. The pickets had no 
fires and suffered greatly from the cold. 

The next day we returned to camp, Dec. Ist, I 
think. Our mission on the mountain was to see ii the 
enemy was all off the mountain. I think they were. 
Before these battles the Thirty-seventh helped to fortify 
Cameron hill. Rations were short much of the time 
and often men went to bed hungry, and working on 
such rations was soldiering under difficulties. December 
passed slowly away — exceedingly slowly to soldiers who 
had been passing through such active service. Camp 
duty and guard duty were about all that broke the 
monotony of our camp life. Col. Ward wjis again 
detailed on a court martial, and continued on it till the 
last of December, when it was removed to Nashville, 
Tenn., the Colonel going with it. 

The year 1863 is gone into history. And in the 
language of Comrade Roberts, "Its record of events will 
leave their imprint beyond the lapse of time." The 
New Year came in dull and cold, as all will remember 
that New Year's Day is called the "Cold New Year's." 

. The rations were very short, and it was almost 
impossible to obtain fuel. Roots were dug from the 
ground, the stumps having already been used. The 
suffering was severe the 1st and 2d. We drew a small 
ration of flour the 3d, which we cooked as best we 
could. It rained the 4th, and for the sake of appear- 
ance, with little of the reality, we drew tea — just a little. 
The 5th and 6th were colder, but not much. Two 
steamboats stopped at the landing the 7th, and then 
went on toward Knoxville. On the 8th there was a 
slight snow fall, and Capt. Shook was in command of 
the Regiment, and had inspection. 

Our rations gave out on the 9th, and we passed the 
day in good condition physically and mentally to 


sympathize with the much-abused army mule which 
still refused to die. But rations came on the 10th, and 
we were all glad again, and ready to swear that Uncle 
Sam was a good provider, and that we would see him 
out of his trouble into which his bad brother had gotten 
him. We were still at Cameron hill, where we had 
often stood on dress parade and seen our battery on 
Moccasin point throw solid shot and bursting shell 
against the rocky top of Lookout mountain. The base 
of that mountain furnished us wood after the enemy 
left. A company that had an ax was well oflf, but old 
soldiers are great borrowers. Camp guard and dress 
parade were introduced again on the 12th. From this 
time to the 17th rations were scarce ; boats were passing 
and re-passing, trains were coming and going, but 
rations came in slowly. On the 17th we received a 
marching order to go with four days' rations. 

We left the 18th, with rain pouring down, going in 
a north-easterly direction, crossed the Chickamauga 
river, the Western, Atlanta and East Tennessee R. R. 
and camped within two miles of Harrison. Camped 
near the same place the next evening. A strong Union 
sentiment prevailed there. This was about twelve miles 
from Chattanooga, and near the Tennessee river. It 
snowed on the 19th. On the 21st we marched in an 
easterly direction, and passed a house that had the 
"old flag" — red, white and blue, hung out and floating 
proudly in the breeze. We stopped at a small town on 
the East Tennessee and Georgia R. R , Ave miles from 
Harrison and flfteen from Chattanooga, and flnding no 
enemy, we marched back to Chattanooga, reaching 
there at 10 o'clock at night. Orders to move camp 
awaited us on our arrival. We struck tent the morning 
of the 22d, and moved to the right and front of Fort 
Wood, where we began housekeeping again. 


We were not loth to leave this old camp. We had 
left many camps with feelings of sadness and sometimes 
apprehensions amounting to almost fear. A carious 
thing about soldier life is that one will sometimes be- 
come greatly attached to some camp after staying there 
but a few days. But that old camp we were willing to 
leave. There, from October till late in January, we 
had suffered hunger, cold and all the privations incident 
to soldier life, and we were rather glad to leave. Still, 
during the long siege, and the many battles in the 
naeanwhile, the loss of life from all causes had been 
small. We were still on short rations, but knew this 
trouble could not last long. The next day, the 23d 
of January, we got our lumber and plunder from the 
old camp and fixed up our quarters, and for the first 
time in many, many days, drew full rations of flour. 

The weather was favorable and that was a busy, 
merry, happy day for the boys of the Thirty -seventh 
Indiana. We spent the 24th also in Improving our 
quarters, building mud chimneys and fire-places. Po- 
licing our camp and having dress parade were the 
duties imposed on us for some days. The weather was 
very fine and the general health of the Regiment good. 
About this time the question of re-enlistment, and a 
furlough was sprung on the old soldiers. That was at 
that time the common subject of conversation in the 
army. "Re-enlist and get a furlough" was urged quite 
frequently. Details from the Regiment for work on the 
forts about the city on the 27th and 28th were made. 
The 30th the Regiment went to town to do fatigue dutyj, 
but returned without working. The 31st it rained till 
near evening. 

February the 1st was nice, as most of the days had 
been for some time. We drilled on the 3d, and a detail 
worked on the fort under Lieut. Sage. The 4th and 5th 


passed without interest, and a detail went on picket on 
the 6th under Lieut. Tevis. That was a disagreeable 
day. ^he 7th, we saw the railway depot burn in town, 
and on the 8th we had dress parade, and on the 9th 
Battalion drijl. Nothing of importance occurred till 
the.ilth, wheii the Regiment signed the pay roll for two 
months* pay. Gen. Manstield arrived on the 12th. His 
mission waste encourage the soldiers to re-enlist He 
addressed the Thirty-seventh on that subject the 12th of 
February. On the 13th Co. A re-enlisted as veterans. 

We had dress parade in 
the evening, Capt. J. B. 
Reeve in command of 
the Regiment, he having 
recently been returned 
to the Regiment. 

From this on to the 
18th nothing unusual oc- 
curred excepting that it 
was getting colder. On 
the 19th a number of Co* 
F called on the writer, 

^ who had returned from 

Indiana, where he had 
Seiecter Thackery, Co. D, been sent to recruit. He 

Baiistown, ind. ^^^^y^ ^^^em a description 

of the land north that ^'flowed with milk and honey." 
On the 21st we received orders for a reconnoissance, 
which proved to be the campaign to Buzzard Roost and 
Daltpn. At this time the Thirty-seventh Regiment was 
a part of the third Brigade of the first division of the 
fourteenth corps. Col. Hambright, of the Seventy-eighth 
Pennsylvania, commanded the Brigade, and Gen. R. W. 
Johnson commanded the division. It was nearly noon 
of the 22(J when we started on the march, and we went 


on till night and camped near Ringold for the night. 
Wo knew nothing of where, or for what we were going. 

We passed through Ringold the morniiig of the 
23d. We had not gone far before our cavalry began 
skirmishing with the enemy. The fighting was k0pt up 
all day, sometimes rising to the dignity of a battle, That 
night we camped near Tunnel hill, at which place the 
enemy was strongly fortified. We picketed the ;left 
flank of our^rmy that night. On the morning of the 
24th our pickets were attacked by the enemy's cavalry, 
but Oiir army marched 
on as if nothing were op- 
posing it. 

It soon became ap- 
parent that we had 
found a strong force of 
the enemy. They had a 
battery posted on an emi- 
nence in our front, which 
they handled with con- 
summate skill. The firing 
was too fierce for thie cav- 
alry, and as they retired 
the infantry took their 
place. Wo were in the capt. g. w. Meyer, co. i. 

highway and had to move Chattanooga, Tenn. 

out into the timber for shelter, and to conceal our move- 
ments from the enemy. One of the enemy's shells 
struck under the horse (a white one) of Gen. Whipple, 
chief of staff of Gen* Thomas, before we got into the 
woods. The noise of the artillery and musketry was 
equal to that of a real battle, yet our loss was slight, as 
the place was easily taken by a fi ank movement. That 
night we slept in the old rebel camp, and warmed our- 
selves by fires made from material they had gathered 



On the 25th we heard heavy firing in our front, and 
pushed forward with all possible speed. By night our 
army had driven the enemy back to Buzzard Roost Gap 
in front of Dalton, Ga. This gap was an impregnable 
position against any attack from the front. It is sit- 
uated in Rocky Face ridge, 1,000 feet high, through 
which Mill creek, a small stream, runs ; also the Western 
and Atlanta railroad. This was Gen. Johnston's bul- 
wark in May following, and which Sherman, with his 
army of 120,000, had to flank by passing through Snake 

Creek Gap several miles 

The Twenty-fourth Illi- 
nois on the 24th Avas in 
front, commanded by the 
gallant Col. Mihilotzy. 
He requested that the 
Thirty-seventh Indiana 
support him as he as- 
saulted the enemy's posi- 
tion, which it did, Capt. 
Hezekiah Shook, of Co. 
D, being in command. 
Two Companies of the 
Thirty-seventh — D, com- 
manded by Lieut. Hunt, 
of Co. K, and K, commanded by Capt. J. B. Reeve, were 
thrown forward as advance pickets of the other Com- 
panies of the Thirty-seventh. It was dark as we ap- 
proached the foot of a spur of the high hill. The enemy 
was on this spur in force, and while Col. Miliilotzy was 
establishing his line near it he was mortally wounded. 
Ho fell and died there. Companies K and O made 
breast-works of logs and rails, close to the rear of the 
Twenty-fourth Illinois, and the remainder of the Thirty- 

Lieut. W. R. Hunt, Co. K. 
Treaty. Ind. 


seventh lay sbme considerable distance in our rear. We 
dare not take out our blankets, or remove our accouter- 
ments all night.* We lay and shook and shivered, with 
the ground freezing around us all night, and wondered 
if the Johnnies would not freeze before day in their 
cotton summer clothes. But they amused themselves all 
night shooting at us at distressingly short range^^ome- 
times firing by files, and sometimes by volleys. We sup- 
pose they had a great deal of fun that night, and that 
none of them froze. 

The eight Companies of the Thirty -seventh that 
were in our rear fell back a few hundred yards some 
time in the night, and Companies D and K, a consider- 
able distance apart, held their positions till daylight. 

The Tweniy -fourth Illinois, which was a short dis- 
tance in our front, was very close to the enemy, and 
quiet since the death of their Colonel. Sometime before 
day the enemy opened a fearful fire on them and us. 
We could see the fire leaping from their guns, and hear 
the bullets whizzing past our heads. This stampeded the 
Twenty-fotirth, and they came back pell mell, some of 
them running right over our works. James Hall, of Co. 
K, was sitting behind our little works with his left hand 
holding his giin, which was leaned against the works, 
while he gazed intently at the front. A Twenty-fourth 
man running back with all his might, and not seeing us 
or our breast-works, fell over it upon Hall's arm and lay 
there. "Jim" never looked at him, but taking him by 
the collar with his right hand, threw him to the rear as 
if he had been a cat. Some little time after this the 
rebels opened a furious fire again, and we felt sure they 
would charge us. ^- 

Capt. Reeve told us to hold our fire till they got 
close to us, but none did it but myself. I saw a large 
fellow coming doWn the hill through the bushes as if 


determined to bo the first man to demand our surrender. 
Our men were re-loading thieir guns, and when heGgot 
close enough I aimed and fired, and saw the man I shot 
at spring and stagger to one side into the thick bushes, 
and as he did so his blue uniform showed out clearly. I 
knew that I had shot a Union soldier — a Twenty-fourth 
Illinois man, and my heart sank within me. After that 
for a time I took little interest in what was going on. 
But I was sure that no one but myself knew what I had 
done, and I 'determined to tell no one. Sometime in 
the afternoon we learned that a Twenty -fourth Illinois 
man had been wounded in the foot as he was coming 
off the field that morning. 

To have heard that the war was over would have 
given me no more pleasure than did that news. I never 
knew that anyone knew what I had done till some three 
weeks afterwards, Capt. Reeve said to me one day : 
'*Well, Puntenney, you came pretty nearly getting that 
Dutchman.'' He said he saw it all, but thought it best 
to say nothing about it at the time. 1 sincerely hope he 
got well and is now drawing a large pension for the dis- 
ability he received while in the discharge of his duty 
in vigorously conducting a masterly retreat from the 
most dangerous place a man ever occupied. But to 
return to the Companies, D. and K. 

Capt. lleeve sent Newton Cowan to the rear to in- 
form our commander of our position, and for orders. 
He returned and reported that the Regiment was gone. 
The Captain then sent him to Col. Hambrlght — to 
Brigade headquarters. He returned with orders to fall 
back to our Regiment, which the two Companies did 
without the loss of a man. We went back about half a 
mile, I think, and lay there all day. The Nineteenth 
Illinois kept up a pretty fierce fight on the left side of 
the gap all afternoon, and got several men killed and 


wounded. Orders were «:iven to fall back quietly after 
dark, and Co. K was oiven the position of rear guard. 
After dark the army began to move back, making no 
noise but that made by the artillery wagons, and it 
seemed that they made more noise that soft, balmy 
night, than common. 

Co. K formed across a narrow place between the 
hills through which the road leading back ran. The 
men were standing about twenty feet apart facing the 
enemy, waiting till the army would get a good start* 
While waiting we could hear trains arriving at Dalton 
and unloading soldiers. We could hear them laugh and 
talk just as we had done many times. They asked 
where we were, and how many of us there were, saying 
they would clean us out to-morrow. About 9 o'clock 
the moon arose in all its splendor, and we were still 
standing there, and no enemy appearing to follow our 
army, we were ordered to fall back and join our com- 
mand, which we did. 

The moon shone brightly and it seemed that all 
nature was at rest, and we were at ease. A great many 
good men had lost their lives the day and night before, 
and I am now pained to say that that did not greatly 
distress us. We were soldiers, and acted as such. 

Wo marched on till about midnight feeling per- 
fectly secure, when suddenly the roar of a cannon was 
heard in our rear. The enemy had learned of our de- 
parture and were following us, but the cavalry kept 
them at a respectful distance. I'hey did nothing more 
than banter us by bragging about Chickamauga. We 
went into camp near llingold, not fearing the enemy. 
We remained in camp the next day — the 27th, until 
about noon, when we started on our return trip, and 
arrived at our destination, Tyner's Station, that evening, 
some twenty miles from Buzzard lloost. 


Tyner Station is a small village on the Tennessee 
and Georgia R. R. The morning- of the 28th we estab- 
liahed our camp on the hij^h ground near the village. 
The weather had been nice for some days, but on the 
Ist of March it rained, turning cold. On the 2d, the 
Fifteenth corps passed our camp moving east, on their 
way to Cleveland. We fixed up nice quarters there and 
made ourselves quite comfortable. The weather was 
nice until the 6th, when the pay-master arrived. For 
several days veteran troops who had been home on 
veteran furlough were returning. It was quite rainy 
from the 7th to 15th. In the meantime we were picket- 
ing, guarding and doing camp duty. Companies B, C 
and D having veteranized, marched to Chattanooga the 
14th, where they received transportations home on a 
thirty days' furlough. 

The Twenty-first Ohio returned the 14th, having 
been home on furlough. Co. I returned the 15th (a 
cold day), having been home on a veteran furlough. 
We received marching orders the 18th with two days' 
rations, and started on the 19th and arrived at our desti- 
nation, Graysville, Ga., distant from Tyner's Station 
about six miles. We went into camp on a gently sloping 
hillside near the village. Graysville was then and is 
yet a small place — a mere station. While on tliis 
march Lieut. Speer, who had been home on a recruiting 
furlough, joined us. At Tyner's we made our tents 
quite comfortable. It was warm and when not on 
guard duty we slept nicely. On the 22d we were or- 
dered to march with two days' rations to Parker's Gap 
for picket duty. Parker's Gap is a defile in the White 
Oak mountains, and about six miles from Tyner's 

When we got up on the morning of the 22d we 
found fully ten inches of snow on the ground, and snow 


Still falling rapidly. After a very poor breakfast we 
started to tlie ofap, goiii<< nearly all the way through a 
pine woods. The small pines were bent by the weight 
of the snow till their tops in many cases touched the 
ground. All were heavily burdened with snow. Shake 
one of them ever so slightly as you went under it, and 
an avalanche of snow would fall down on you, causing 
you to feel very uncomfortable. The march, with all 
the accouterments which a soldier needed at that time of 
the year, through that deep snow, was very tiresome. 
We finally arrived at our destination, placed our pickets 
out and scraped the snow otf the ground where we in- 
tended to sleep when night came. A less inviting place 
for sleeping than that was is seldom seen even by a 
soldier. The only good thing that could be truthfully said of 
the place was, "there were no graybacks there.'' We 
gathered wood, built fires and dried the ground where 
we slept that night. The next morning we recon- 
noitered the gap in the mountain but found no enemy. 
The Twenty-first Ohio relieved us on the 24:th and we 
returned to our camp and had a good sleep. It rained 
and snowed the next day and made it necessary for us to 
ditch around our quarters. We had dress parade on the 
27th, Capt. Hughes in command of the Regiment. On 
the 28th we went again to Parker's Gap with five days' 
rations. Nothing of any importance occurred while 
there. We remained there till April 1st, when we 
returned to camp at Graysville. 

About the only duty we had at Graysville was police 
duty, guard duty and an occasional scout, with more or 
less company drill. Veterans were returning from their 
furloughs, and had brought some of the sports and vices 
of civil life with them and introduced them .into camp. 
Cards and dice and novel reading were discarded for 
home fun. That was dancing. All the spare time most 



of the men had, especially in the evenings, was devoted 
to dancing. Nearly every Company had one or more 
fiddlers, and "the sound of music and dancing" was 
heard all along tho line. All knew they were on the 
eve of starting on a campaign, the like of which had 
never been on the continent, and in which many of 
them would lay down their lives and lay mangled on 
bloody fields of battle, yet they danced as merrily as if 
they had been at home in time of profound peace. Man 
is a curious creature. On the 16th of April we had regi- 
mental inspection. Major 
Kimball in command, and 
dress parade in the even- 
ing." "Sunday, the 17th ^ 
was a lovely day, and 
Col. Ward, who had been 
absent on a court martial, 
returned to the Regiment 
and was gladly wel- 
comed back. On the 
next evening Col. Ward 
had dress parade again- 
We went to Parker's Gap 
again on the 20th, scouted 
for the enemy, but found 
none. Drilling and dress 
parade and inspections occupied much of our time dur- 
ing these days. 

All understood that the campaign — the greatest, and 
it was hoped the last of the war, was about to be en- 
tered upon. The veteran Companies C and D returned 
the 30th of April. The 2d day of May we got orders to 
have two days' rations in our haversacks, and be ready to 
move at an hour's notice. On the 3d we inarched in the 
direction of Ringold, Ga„ crossed the East Chickamauj^a 

T. F. Brown, Co. B. 
Cherryvale, Kas. 


river and went into camp in the afternoon about a mile 
from Ringold. The situation there was inviting, and the 
desire to remain there, perhaps induced the men to tix up 
their quarters nice, indeed. The few days we remained 
there will be remembered as one of the really bright and 
happy times in the history of the Thirty -seventh Indiana. 
At that time we learned that the Thirty-eight Indiana had 
been transferred to our Brigade, and that Col. Seribner 
was our Brigade commander. All our division — the first, 
was assembled at this place and camped in this valley. 
The tents, all white and 
new, set up according, to 
army regulations, pre- 
sented a beautiful ap- 
pearance indeed. Yet it 
all looked like war. For 
some time each Company 
had been drawing can- 
dles, and on the evening 
of the 6th we received 
orders to march. 

The men knew that 
meant that the campaign 
was on, and that they 
would need their candles t. b. Peery. Co. e. 

^ Greensburg, Ind. 

no more. So some one 

in Co. A said he would illuminate with his candles. He 
cut his candle in pieces and brilliantly lighted his tent 
and surroundings. Others took up the thought, and in a 
few minutes every Company in the Regiment was burn- 
ing their candles. I believe the craze extended through- 
out the division. The night was calm and men climbed 
trees and started pieces of candles to burning all over the 
tree tops. It is safe to say that 10,000 lights were burn- 
ing at one time in the tree tops, making a most beautiful 


Bight. Thousands of men yet living remember that 
grand sight and the enthasiasm it inspired. ^Hundreds 
of those poor fellows never saw another candle after 
that night. That was the last quiet iday and night of 
that spring and summer, for the morrow, the 7th of May, 
ushered in the Atlanta campaign. 


Ttie Ananta Campaign— Buzzard Roost— Rocky Face- On 
to Resaca. 

Early iYi the morning of May 7th we advanced with 
light hearts and (irm steps toward the front. We 
passed through Hooker's Gap, on to Tannel hill, which 
was occupied by a strong force of the enemy. We ar- 
rived at Tunnel hill about 3 o'clock p. m., on the 7th, 
but did not attack the enemy that night. The Four- 
teenth corps was in the center, Hooker on our right and 
Howard on our left. On the morning of the 8th the 
Thirty-seventh took a position on a hill fronting the 
enemy. A few hundred cavalrymen formed in a valley 
and moved forward first in a trot and then in a gallop. 
When they got some distance to the front the enemy's 
batteries opened on them, and of all the wild rides to the 
rear ever seen, that was the wildest. 

The tramp of the fleeing horses' hoofs, the awful 
swearing, clanging of sabers and carbines, and the burst- 
ing of shells among the men and horses made a scene 
never to be forgotten. After remaining in that position 
a short time the Thirty-seventh moved around to the 
right, and the enemy, seeing they would be flanked, re- 
tired to Buzzard Boost. 

; Before leaving that position the enemy poured a hot 
Are on uSj but did little harm. We followed the enemy 
to his stronghold on the 9th, skirmishing with his rear 
guard continually. We reached Buzzard Roost about 
the middle of the afternoon. The Thirty -seventh had 


been there before, and was placed in advance. Com- 
panies A and K, under Capt. J. B. Reeve, were de- 
ployed as skirmishers. We moved by right of Com- 
panies out of a field, crossed a creek with the other 
Companies close in our rear, into the thickest possible 
underbrush ima^nable. It was a pine woods that had 
been burned over. The largo trees were dead and the 
undergrowth of shrubbery very thick. As the enemy -s 
shell tore through and burst among those old, dead tree 
tops, bringing down old limbs with a crash, we were 
almost ready to conclude that pandemonium reigned 
supreme. We were subjected to a severe fire from the 
enemy's batteries and rifles, but we never halted nor 
wavered. Shells burst over the heads of the men, and in 
one or two instances plowed through the Companies, 
but they caused no man to even falter. No soldiers in 
that charge were more, or even 'so much exposed as was 
the Thirty -seventh Regiment, and no Regiment acted 
more caliiily and defiantly than the Thirty -seventh. 
One felt that it was a real honor to be associated with 
such a body of strong, daring and loyal men. 

Gen. Johnson in his official report says five assaults 
on Rocky Face ridge were repulsed on the 9th day of May. 
The assault of the Thirty -seventh was made on that day 
and it was not repulsed. Its men slept on the ground 
that night, protecting themselves ks best they could from 
sharp shooters, and a battery on Rocky Face over to the 
left Perhaps this battery was one mile away, yet it 
could land and explode its shells in our very midst 
Some Ohio Regiment was taking position on our right 
and the enemy shelled them as they were doing so. As 
the flash from the cannon was seen away on the top of 
Rocky Face, the officers of that. Regiment would all 
shout, some saying, "Here she comes, boys!" Others, 
"Steady, steady, boys!" And just then the shell would 


fly screamino* over onr licads and burst near that Reorn 
ment. I do not know how many men that Regiment 
lost. The Thirty-seventh had several men severely 
wounded, and a few killed. 

The enemy was concealed from our view and we 
did not have the poor satisfaction of shooting at them. 
It took courage to receive the fire of the enemy and 
have no opportunity of returning it, but the Thirty- 
seventh had that courage. We lay there all night, and, 
strange to say, slept pcetty well. Co. F Supported th«r, 
pickets that night, and were rielieved on th© 10th by Co. • 
I. The skirmish line was advimced on the 10th, during 
which the Regiment lost two men. There was brisk 
fighting in the evening, and it rained hard that night. 
During the 11th we built rail and log breast-works ando 
skirmished sharply all day. On the evening of the Uth . 
we were relieved by Stanley^s division — Fourth corps j 
and marched to the rear. 

The next morning, the 12th, we, with the rest of the 
army, started for the right and marched through Snake 
Creek Gap, a narrow defile through Rocky Face ridge. 
It was getting dark as we emerged into a valley on the 
east of the ridge, near Resaca and the railroad at the 
rear of the Confederate army. It was night and dark 
when the Thirty-seventh went into camp that night ona 
high mound or nole. On the morning of the 13th as we 
awoke and looked over that valley from our elevation 
the grandest sight and the most unexpected was Wit- 
nessed that was ever seen on the continent. 

We did not know that nearly the whole army liad 
marched into that valley before us. But it had. There 
were 90,000 men with flags and banners floating in the 
balmy breeze of that bright spring morning; Regiments 
of Cavalry feeding ; scores of brightly burnished camions 
shining in the sunlight, and all the other stratige things 


of a great army were before us. Looking at all these 
thin't^ brought to mind the scripture: "Fair as the 
moon, clear as the sun and terrible as an army with 
banners." Not many times on this earth has such a 
sight been presented to mortals as was that which the 
Thirty i-seventh saw from its elevated position. 

Johnson had fallen back to Resaca with his army of 
70,000 men, according to his own report. He was 
strongly entrenched, having fortifications thrown up 
before he fell back to them. The Thirty-seventh having 
been in the rear the day before was placed in front the 
13th and moved out slowly, having left our knapsacks 
where we had slept the night before. 

The army was massed in that valley, and it took a 
long time to get to the front. Regiments — many of 
them, laid down and we walked over them. Finally 
we got out and entered a dense woods. The battle line 
where we were was three Regiments deep, the Thirty- 
seventh in the advance. It was Thursday, and about 10 
o'clock in the morning when we started forward, going, 
I think, in a northeasterly direction. About noon, or a 
little after, our skirmishers began tiring an occasional 
shot. As we moved forward the skirmishing became 
brisker, but not very tierce. That night we were re- 
lieved and took our position on the rear line. Gen. 
Kirkpatrick was wounded on the I3th. 

We supported Carlin's Brigade on the 14th. He 
advanced rapidly, and the skirmishing grew in fierce- 
ness until it developed into a battle. That was the first 
real fighting at Resaca. A goodly number of wounded 
men were carried back through our lines to the rear. 
Poor fellows ! Some of them looked pale from loss of 
blood and pain, but I do not remember of hearing one 
of them utter a word or even a moan. They were car- 
ried on stretchers which were soaking wet and fiery red 


with patriots' blood. While this was going on Jtnd we 
were standing in line of battle, we heard of Grant's suc- 
cess at Spottsylvania. We moved to the left a little that 
evening and put up temporary breast-works. The battle 
raged fiercely all day the 15th, and neither side seemed 
to have much the best of it. 

The left of our line of battle rested on, and north of 
the railroad, and the left of Johnson's army rested on the 
same road farther east. Trains of cars of the Union side 
arrived at our battle line in the midst' of the fight bring- 
ing provisions and ammuniticm, and returning took 
wounded men off the field. Trains of the enemy did 
the same. When the whistle of our trains was heard, 
our soldiers would cheer and the rebels would cheer as 
their trains arrived. Saturday night, the 15th, we were 
moved in the darkness to another position. We laid 
down and slept, though it raiuied most of the night« In 
the morning, Sunday, the 16th, we found but a few poles 
for breast- works, and while trying to locate the enemy^a 
solid shot went screaming over our heads. As we had 
no works and the enemy only two or three hundred 
yards from us, we hugged the ground as our best friend. 

A Prussian Captain of a battery, who wore buck- 
skin breeches and was called "Buckskin," called for his 
^en to bring up a gun. Almost instantly six horses 
with a man on each near horse, attached to a cannoii 
wagon, galloped furiously forward. In wheeling so ixs 
to point to the front the wheel struck a stump and 
turned over the cannon. Then another came and 
turned into position. It was shoved close to the brolv 
of the hill and fired at the enemy's cannon. Rebel 
sharp shooters made it so dangerous to load the cannon 
that men had to crawl under the gun, and lying on 
their backs, load it. The Thirty -seventh men also got 
position as sharp shooters and did much toward keep- 


ing down rebel sharp shootei*s. In aboat two hours' 
time '-Buckekin" had silenced the enemy's battery 
and we had but little to do that day but Jisten to 
minnie balls parsing over our heads and to the roar of 
battle on our right and left. 

About midnignt the enemy y after opening up on us 
for a few minutes most furiously, and receiving a part- 
ing salute from our batteries, fell back across the 
Oostenaula river. And another battle had been fought, 
the enemy had been driven, but not defeated or even 
routed. Gen. Wilder says if Sherman had come to him 
as he should have done when he was in the rear of 
Kesaca, Johnson might have been destroyed, a^d it 
seems as if he were right. Resnca was a great battle, 
both armies losing considerably. Capt. Reeve and 
others went over to see what effect "BuckrikinV shots had 
on the rebel battery They found there a disabled cannon, 
dead horses, aot a few, and pieces of almost every part 
of: the human body lying scattered on the ground. On 
our right our ^army had taken a position on a hill near 
Resaca, and the enemy charged it in the hope of gaining 
that position. Many dead Confederates lay there still on 
Monday. SeveraLhad reached the Union line of battle and 
were killed and buried under the earth that was thrown 
up for works while they continued to tight, only their 
feet and legs being uncovered. More than forty bullets 
struck a large pine tree just at the rear of Co. K that 
day. On the morning of the 17th we passed through 
Resaca and crossed the Oostanaula river and followed 
Jolinson on toward Calhoun. 


Our Army Moves Forward to Calhoon — Battle of 

No time was lost or rest taken. 


We pressed for- 
rapidjy, meeting 
many prisonex's w li o . 
were being sent to tiie 
rear. The advance of 
Howard's corps kept up a 
lively skirmish with tiic 
rear of the enemy. On 
the 18th we stopped be- 
yond Calhoun for dinner 
at a place where they 
said Johnson ate his 

^ We marched through 
Adamsville with drums 
beating and flag-s un- 
furled to the breeze — 
marched till late at 
night, and camped in an open field near Kingston. 
About noon the 16th we passed through Kingston, many 
prisoners still going to the rear. In the evening we 
moved to the left and built breast-works that night. 
The next morning we moved forward, passing the 
enemy's saltpetre works, and camped in an open field 
and throw up works. Nothing of note but picket iiring 
and some cannonading occurred on the 20th, 21st and 

J. H. Connelly. 
New Point, Ind. 


22d. On the 23d, I think, wo waded the Etawah river, 
a wide, beautiful stream, the water being about three 
feet deep. Beneath the surface of the water are many 
smooth stone-i standing at an angle, of about thirty 
degrees and very slippery. The meii hung their shoes 
and stockings and coats and pants on their bayonets and 
waded into the water. 

Skirmishers were making it lively in the woods 
beyond the river, and the men being interested in that, 
paid little attention to their footsteps. Consequently, 
several men stepped onto 
a slick and slanting rock 
and disappeared beneath 
the water. Then if he 
knew any new oaths he 
delivered himself of them 
while his comrades 
laughed. Several times 
as a soldier laughed at 
the misfortune of another, 
he would step on a stone 
and go under the water 
and come out cursing to 
be laughed at just as the 
other had. There was Wm. h. Scott, co. k, died June 20th 

, ^ 1895. Kingston, Ind. 

more fun in crossing that 

river than is often experienced in an ordinary lifetime. 
If I am not greatly mistaken, it was at that time and 
that river that these duckings occurred. 

We went on driving the enemy before us till the 
25th, when the enemy made a determined stand, and 
Hooker, with all his dash and courage, could not drive 
him. The Thirty-seventh was in Hook* r's roar during 
this engagement. Nothing of special interest occurred 
on the 26th. At midnight we were ordered to move. 



Captain Quartus c. Moor, Co. h, 

Elizabethtown, Ind. 


and did so. About noon, or a little after, our whole 
division was massed in a large open field. After stay- 
ing there a short time we made another advance. 

We have now come to the battle of Pumpkinvine, 
sometimes called "Pickett's mills," because of an old 
grist mill just in the rear of our line of battle. I believe 
only our Brigade — Scribner's, was engaged in that 
battle. The Thirty-seventh was on the extreme left, 
and the enemy's right extended much beyond our left. 

We moved noiselessly through a dense woods. Not 
a sound of war could be heard, not a rifle, bullet or can- 
non shot. The happy birds sang and twittered in the 
trees as if no war or suffering or bloodshed were near. 
Oh, who will undertake to describe the awful stillness 
and solemnity that sometimes precedes a battle? That 
is well understood by the experienced soldier. We 
passed a squad of cavalry which had gathered under a 
hill. As we moved on they said: "Watch out, boys." 
About 6 o'clock in the evening of May the 27th. the 
Thirty-seventh halted at the edge of an open field and 
laid down a few minutes. Everything was still and 
quiet as a Sabbath morning. In a few minutes we were 
ordered to charge across that field into the woods be- 
yond it. We rushed across the field into the woods and 
then were in the battle of Pumpkinvine, one of the 
fiercest engagements of the war; and there the men 
of the Thirty-seventh showed their staying qualities. 

As they went into the woods the enemy opened on 
them from their works. Our men picked up rails, old 
chunks and log's for breast-works and laid down behind 
them, and returned the enemy's fire. The battle raged 
furiously, and while daylight lasted, rebel sharp shooters 
killed and wounded many. But as I remember it, 
night soon came on, but the fighting continued. Our 
brave men iseemed willing to make any sacrifice, even 


that of life, rather than be driven before the enemy of 
our country. They fired their last cartridge and then 
took from their dead comrades the cartridges they had 
in their cartridge-boxes when they fell, and fired them 
at the enemy. And when these were expended, no 
word of complaint was made as they heard the com- 
mand, "When your last shot is fired, use the bayonet." 

Right gladly would those brave men have obeyed 
the order to charge had such an order been given. As 
Comrade Roberts, of Co. F, says, in speaking of that 
battle: "If duty was shirked or responsibility trans- 
ferred there, let the doubting tell, but leave to us, as 
comrades, the proud memories of Pickett's mill.'' 

William Spear, of Co. F, and fourteen enlisted men 
of the Regiment were killed, and about sixty officers 
and enlisted men were wounded there that evening. I 
can only remember the names of a few of the killed 
and wounded, and therefore will not give the names of 
any of those true men, further than to state that Col, 
Ward was struck on the cheek with a minnie ball. 

We held our position till late at night — ^till works 
could be constructed at the rear, and until our dead 
and wounded were carried back. All the dead except- 
ing Lieut. Spear and Private Benjamin Lenover were 
taken back. Their bodies had been carried back part of 
the way, but for some cause were overlooked. A few 
weeks before this battle, Lieut. Spear had returned to 
the Regiment from an absence on a recruiting furlough, 
with two recruits. One of these died just after the bat- 
tle of Resaca, and the other, George Godert, and the 
recruiting officer, Lieut. Spear, lost their lives at Pump- 
kinvine. Curious occurrences like this incline old 
soldiers to become fatalists. It is easy for them to con- 
clude that they will not die till their time comes, and 
that then they will die. Hence they often become 


reckless. About 11 o'clock that night we were ordered 
back and moved across the breast- works that had been 
erected at the rear, and laid down near Pumpkinvine 
creek — "The weary to sleep and the wounded to die." 
Col. Ward informs me that during the fight he sent 
word back to Brigade headquarters three times that 
his Regiment was flanked, and that each time word was 
sent to him to hold his position and aid should he sent, 
but it never came. The reason no aid was sent is not 
creditable to the Brigade Commander, and I will say 
nothing about it. 

Comrade Roberts says as they were going into the 
battle, J. J. Kirk, of Co. F, picked up a rotten looking 
log several inches through and about live feet in length. 
John Withrow, who was by his side, criticised him for 
such seemingly useless precaution. Kirk said to him: 
"You will be glad to get your head behind this log 
before long." When the battle line was formed and 
bullets were flying thick, sure enough Kirk and Withrow 
were lying side by side behind that chunk. As the 
battle raged furiously and men fell thick and fast, Kirk 
said: "You made fun of me for carrying this chunk, 
and just as I said, you are the first man to get behind 
it." Suddenly Kirk sprang from the line, his face 
covered with blood. A rebel bullet had gone through 
the rotten chunk and into his head, but not deep 
enough to prove fatal. He went to the rear, leaving his 
gun. In the meantime Withrow 's gun got out of order, 
and he reached for Kirk's and fought to a finish the job 
they began in partnership. So that chunk saved Kirk's 
life, and his gun for future battles. Kirk lives in Huron, 
Ind., as good a citizen as he was a soldier. Withrow 
has long since joined that silent Company, of whom 
the poet says 

"How sleep the brave who sink to rest 
By all their country's wishes blest." 


Sherman in his memoirs was unfair to us in failing 
to mention our battle on the 27th. Johnson mentions 
this battle as being one of the fiercest of the Atlanta 
campaign, and says that the fight which McPherson had 
on the 28th and of which Sherman makes favorable 
mention, was trifling as compared to this. No Regiment 
lost more men in that battle than did the Thirty-seventh 
Indiana and Seventy-eighth Penn. Our division Com- 
mander, Gen. Johnson, publicly congratulated us on our 
valor and soldierly conduct at that battle, yet Sherman 
does not mention the fight. 

One morning two or three days after the battle, a 
nice-looking, old gentleman, wearing a tall plug hat and 
a long linen coat, came walking along the Regiment, 
inquiring for Co. K. That man was Chambers Stewart. 
His son, John M. Stewart, as good and brave a 
man as ever lived, belonged to Co. K, and he and 
Robert Thompson, of that Company, and a good and 
brave man, had both been killed at Pumpkinvine. Mr. 
Stewart came down to take the body of his son home. 

At that time it was understood that no citizen could 
get farther south than Nashville, Tenn. An old citizen 
was a show down there, and his purpose seemed absurd, 
in view of the fact that there were strict orders against 
sending dead bodies home. But Mr. Stewart was there 
and requested me to go with him to Gen. Johnson's 
headquarters and get permission of him to get his son's 
body and take it home. I had no idea that permission 
would be granted, but went with him and introduced 
him to the General. Mr. Stewart told what he wanted 
and handed Gen. eJohnson a letter he had gotten from 
Gen. Thomas. To my great surprise, Gen. Johnson, who 
was a gentleman, said : "Yes, Orderly, get an ambulance 
and take your CJompany or as many men as your Cap- 
tain may tliink he may need and go and get the body." 


He wrote out the order and I took it to Capt. Reeve, 
and he sent the Company under command of Lieijt. Hunt 
with an ambulance and we started for that grave, a 
distance of three miles. We had some brisk skirmishing 
to get to the graves, as our army had swung around to 
the left and the enemy followed us. We took one 
prisoner during our skirmishing. We were only enabled 
to drive the enemy's pickets back by making them think 
we had a great army with us. Lieut. Hunt put our 
men in my command and deployed them out longer 
than a Regiment, and I gave commands as if I had a 
Battalion, while Hunt seemed to command a Brigade. 
When our Company first saw the enemy's pickets they 
commenced firing at them, which seemed to amaze Mr. 
Stewart. It seemed strange to him that men at the first 
sight of others would commence shooting at them. 

We took up the body, put it in the ambulance, took 
it to the railroad station, and Mr. Stewart took it home. 
This great favor was granted to Mr. Stewart because he 
was a kinsman of a Mr. Beattie, a civilian who was 
permitted to go with the army just because Gen. Thomas 
liked him and had use for him at times. Mr. Stew art 
had reached Mr. Beattie by telegram and got him to get 
the favor from Gen. Thomas. 

At that battle William Davis, of Co. K, w^as one of 
the color guards, and was lying down and shooting. 
Thomas Cox, of Co. I, was a short distance behind him. 
A minnie ball struck W. Davis on the side of his shoe, 
grazed the flesh and tore the sole off his shoe, and went 
back and cut a piece out of T. Cox^s shoulder. Davis 
says his leg was paralyzed for a time and he thought he 
was seriously wounded. He told Cox that he was hit 
and Cox said he was too. Davis felt down for his 
wound, but found none, and his leg having become all 
right again, he said : ^'Tom, I don't believe I'm hurt." 


Thomas, having examined himself in the meantime, 
said : *^Neither am I, and here^s at 'em again," and they 
both commenced sending ballets to the front again. I 
feel inclined to notice another curious thing connected 
with the battle of Pumpkinvine creek. After the battle, 
James Leeds, of Co. D, was missing. Whether he had 
been killed or captured could not be ascertained. A 
week or two after the battle some of the Thirty-seventh 
men picked up a scrap of paper printed in Atlanta. 
This paper told of the Confederate loss and the punish- 
^^^^^ ment the Yankees had re- 

^ ^^^^L ceived in that engagement, 

^_^ ^^H and revealed the fact that 

^ ^^_^B James Leeds, of the Thirty- 

%^^l^^m seventh Indiana, had been 

f^^^^m wounded and captured. James 

^J^^^PL died of his wounds at Atlanta. 

^^^^^^^^^ After falling back on the 

^^^^^nflj^^^^^^ night of the 27th, and without 
^^^^^AX^^^^^^ knowing caring much 

^^^^^^^^^^^^^ where we were, we laid down 
^^^^^^^^^^ and slept in an isolated posi- 
I. E. Gary, Co. A. tion by a small creek till the 

Minneapolis, Minn. ^.^tti^ of infantry and roar of 

artillery aroused us from our slumbers. Fragments of 
shell were falling on the ground where but a few min- 
utes before the boys slept all unconscious of war's 
realities. We remained there all the day inactive, but 
exposed to stray shot and shell and rifle balls, one of 
which, a minnie ball, killed a Co. I man. Another man 
of that Company was wounded while the Regiment lay 
there. All day long the firing was kept up, and about 
an hour before dark the conflict on our right arose to 
the dignity of a battle, and closely attracted our atten- 
tion, as it seemed at times to be coming nearer to us and 


threatening to involve us in the conflict. We after- 
wards learned that that fight was McPherson repulsing 
an assault of the enemy. 

The Confederate Greneral, Joe Johnson, in his his- 
tory of the Atlanta campaign, criticises Sherman for 
speaking of this fight in his memoirs and ignoring that 
of Pumpkinvine, which was of much greater magnitude. 
Johnson having failed to turn Sherman's right, Sher- 
man determined to turn Johnson's right. His failure at 
Pickett's mill — or, rather, Pumpkinvine creek, did not 
cause him to abandon his pur- 
pose. He persisted in this till 
the 5th of June, and every 
effort brought on a brisk en- 

The morning of the 29th 
of June we moved to the front 
and under cover of a hill. 
Our division — Gen. Johnson's, 
was well fortified and waiting 
an attack. History says Hood 
moved against Johnson's posi- 
tion, but finding it intrenched, m. i. BouUy, Co. k, 
he was recalled. At this place Eiwood, ind. 
Gen. Johnson, of our division, issued and had read his 
order complimenting us for our gallant behavior at the 
battle of Pickett's mill. 

The old mill had been burned since the battle of the 
27th, and on that day, the 29th, the Thirty -seventh In- 
diana and the Seventy-eighth Pennsylvania let the 
water out of the dam and caught a few fish and turtles, 
all indifferent to the noise of the skirmishers and forget- 
ful of the dangers past and yet in store for them. The 
morning of the 30th we again moved a few hundred yards 
to the left. We were close to the enemy's works, yet 


they were scarcely visible because of the dense woods. 
The country there is a succession of hills and ravines. 
There were scarcely any roads there, and the enemy's po- 
sitions were a succession of ambushes. Of course we had 
to feel our way carefully. We pressed on, skirmishing 
and expecting a battle before night, but there was none. 
About this time, I do not know the exact date, the 
Thirty-seventh lay behind strong works, and in front of 
them about sixty rods the rebels were also behind good 
works. Our line extended far to the north and east 
through an open woods. 

There was lively firing, but nothing more. All at 
once the firing on our left became very fierce, and it was 
evident that the firing was done by the enemy. Then 
we saw our line of battle break and run like arrant 
cowards. Our hearts almost melted within us. Soon, 
we supposed, the enemy would swing around and pour 
an enfilading fire on us, and the battle and bloodshed 
would be fearful. Just then we saw our soldiers return- 
ing to their places as fast as they could run. They got 
back to their position and soon drove back the rebel 
forces. Never in all my life did I love Union soldiers as 
I did those. They had left their guns behind and gone 
forward to intrench themselves, and when attacked, ran 
back for their guns, got them and held their position. 
Good, brave fellows that they were ! 

Our division — Johnson's, was the extreme left up to 
June 1st, and on that day Hooker passed to our left, and 
Schofield to his left. We still lay in our trenches so 
close to the enemy that our pickets could hear them 
talking. On the 1st and 2d there was a noticeable ab- 
sence of artillery firing all along the line, but great 
activity of the Infantry. We were on the front line on 
the 2d and near the enemy's works. About 9 o'clock a. 
m., Col. Sir well, who was in command of the Seventy- 


eighth Pennsylvania Regiment, crawled to our position 
as we lay along a hillside in a woods. He said his Regi- 
ment was in ambush at the foot of the hill below our 
left in a hollow and without any protection or picks or 
shovels. Co. F being on the extreme left of our Regi- 
ment, he asked some of the Company to volunteer to go 
forward to an elevated point in a field where from ap- 
pearances a battery was fortified, and, if possible, get 
some picks and shovels. 

Three men went, and they will never forget that 
adventure. They ran from one protecting object to an- 
other to the point for which they started, and returned 
the same way, rebel sharp shooters sending showers of 
bullets after them as they went and returned. It was a 
most perilous undertaking, and that not one of them was 
killed or seriously wounded, is nearly miraculous. They 
got no intrenching tools, and never heard how the 
Colonel and his Seventy-eighth came out of their 
perilous condition. 

In the afternoon the rain poured down in torrents, 
and there was hard fighting on the left. At the close of 
the day we were relieved and took our position on the 
second line of works. The morning of June 3d opened 
up with vigorous skirmishing, which continued incess- 
antly throughout the entire day and most of the night. 

Shrubs, and some saplings from four to six inches in 
diameter, that stood in the rear of our works, were cut 
down by the bullets of the enemy — not cannon balls, but 
minnie balls. Toward evening of that day we moved 
to the left and took our position in the rear of our 
Brigade. Jeff. C. Davis' division passed in our rear and 
formed on our left on the 4th. That was a damp, dis- 
agreeable day, and it looked as if it might have afforded 
an excuse to rest, so unpleasant was it. But not so. It 
seemed as if the exposure to mud and water only 


irritated the contending armies, both of which seemed 
to fear the other might attempt to take some advantage 
offered by the unfavorable surroundings — the disagree- 
able weather. Consequently, there was no cessation of 
Infantry firing, and men were compelled to lie in the 
trenches, though they were muddy, and in places half 
full of water. 

Companies A and B were detailed at night to go on 
picket. Companies D and F relieved them in the morn- 
ing, and took their places in a light, drizzling rain. 
Picket firing was kept up with great activity till about 
10 o'clock a. m., when quiet seemed to pervade the 
whole line. A forward movement disclosed the fact 
that Joe Johnson and his army had fallen back, and at noon 
we rested in his works, which for nine consecutive days 
and nights, had successfully resisted the power and 
valor of Sherman's conquering army. We rested during 
the balance of that day, if when bullets were whizzing 
over us can be called resting. That afternoon a Co. F 
man went over to search for the dead the Company had 
lost and left in the enemy's hands the night of the 27th. 
The place where they were laid was found, but none of 
the dead. The next morning we marched to the left, 
passing the twenty-third corps — Schofield's, and the 
twentieth — Hooker's, and saw some prisoners who were 
captured that morning by Hooker. 

On the morning of the 7th we moved a short dis- 
tance and went into camp. Camp rumors were un- 
commonly numerous and startling that day, and we 
threw up some splendid works in front of our Regiment. 
We were then near to a place called Ackworth. John- 
son in his retreat gave us possession of Alatoona, and 
the railroad to that point was being rapidly repaired. 
The 8th was a comparatively quiet day for the Thirty- 
seventh. Nothing but picket firing in our front dis- 


turbed the quiet. We had been on that campaign then 
just one month, and remembered that during every day of 
that month we had heard the roar of shot and shells and 
the wicked whiz of minnie balls. 

We thought we knew all of war's hardships, trials 
and dangers, and could anticipate everything that could 
befall us, but if anyone had told us that eighty more 
days like those of the last thirty, only more laborious 
and trying, were in store for us, we would have said: 
"No man can endure it." But those eighty days came, 
and most of our brave boys who escaped the minnie 
bullets, endured every hardship, braved every danger of 
that wonderful campaign and marched with banners 
flying into Atlanta. 

We continued flanking and flghting Johnson and 
driving him and his army back from one line of earth- 
works to another till he took a strong position with his 
right extending across the railroad and his left on the 
mountain. Gen. Joe Johnson, not being able to maintain so 
long a line, contracted it till Kennesaw mountain be- 
came his center. On the morning of the 10th we started 
out, guided by the sound of the cannon, and determined 
to continue doing our duty, no matter how trying or 
dangerous it might be. We developed the enemy in the 
evening, and were forced to move slowly and cautiously. 
On the 11th we took our place on the second line and 
made log breast-works. In the evening we moved by 
the left flank. Comrade Roberts' notes says it rained 
the 12th, and we were ordered to stand in line of battle 
until the morning of the 13th, which we did with the rain 
soaking the earth and both armies. Nothing out of the 
ordinary picket flring occurred on the 14th, except our 
movement forward was still slow. 

We went about a mile and formed a line of battle. 
A Co. D man was killed by a stray shot that day. We 


learned through the signal service that the rebel General, 
Polk, was killed that day. There was sharp lighting on 
our left the 15th, by McPherson's troops. We advanced 
our line on the 16th so close to those of the enemy that 
we could plainly see them. We pressed forward on the 
17th, our skirmishers fighting desperately most of the 
time, capturing several prisoners — one of them seriously 
wounded. All along our battle line, several miles long, 
the rattle of rifles and the roar of cannons could be 
heard from morning till night. Our Brigade moved 
through a rain storm on the 18th, to the left of the third 
division (Baird's). In the afternoon we charged across 
a field to some timber. 

While charging across this field the enemy's artillery 
opened on us with all its fury. Their shells burst on the 
ground, throwing dirt and rock on almost every man. 
A Co. cook was carrying two large kettles of coffee 
on a yoke across his neck, and a shell struck the ground 
and burst near him, throwing dirt in his coffee, but not 
hurting him, and his profanity was simply awful. There 
Robert Stewart, a bright and lovely young man of Co. 
K, w as killed. A piece of a shell struck him and tore 
out his bowels. As he sank to the ground he made the 
pitiful attempt to hold his bowels in his arms. He dis- 
posed of his little trinkets, bade the men that stopped 
with him good-bye, closed his eyes and said "Lord, 
Jesus, receive my spirit," and w^as no more. Comrade 
Roberts says : ^^This was the saddest scene in my three 
years' service." 

We pressed on rapidly into the woods, which af- 
forded some shelter from the enemy's artillery. At that 
point Albert Dunlap, of Co. A, was terribly mangled 
by a shell, and several others were hurt. That night 
we moved back on the second line. There was heavy 
tirino* all that day along the whole line. The enemy fell 


back again the next day — the 19th, toward Kennesaw 
mountain. Our skirmishere captured several prisoners, 
one a mere boy about 15 years of, age, who belonged to 
the Georgia militia. He lay waiting patiently to be 
captured, never uttering a moan or complaint, or a 
single petition for favors. He commanded the respect 
of his captors, and was kindly dealt with by them. At 
midnight our Brigade was placed in reserve, where we 
remained till the afternoon of the 20th, and then we 
went to the front. 

The enemy resisted our forward movement deter- 
minedly, but unsuccessfully. Every mile of the ground 
was fought over, and at last the enemy settled in their 
stronghold on the top of Kennesaw mountain an im- 
pregnable position by direct assault. From its crest 
they could see every move of our army, and they sent 
shot and shell with wonderful accuracy. One of our 
batteries engaged theirs the afternoon of the 21st, and 
mad« it quite lively for a time. The cannonading 
ceased at night, but the pickets kept it up all night. Of 
course it rained nearly all the time, making our duty 
the more disagreeable and laborious. Sherman, in a 
telegram to Halleck, noted the fact that the 21st of June 
was the nineteenth day of rain in that month. On the 
22d we moved to the front works immediately in front 
of Little Kennesaw. There the enemy gave us a fearful 
shelling, but we were behind good works and the shells 
did us little harm. 

About 6 o'clock in the evening it seemed as if every 
gun on both Kennesaws were trained on us. ^Then our 
batteries on our right and left, and Dilger, — "Buck- 
skin's," battery at our front, answered every shot of the 
enemy. Such a noise as all these guns and their shot 
and shell made, I trust will never again be heard on 
this continent. We had good, strong earth-works and 



were comparatively safe by keeping close to the works. 
Men of the Thirty-seventh Indiana Regiment, forget 
what you will of the war for the preservation of the 
Union, but you cannot forget while life lasts to remem- 
ber with pride and pleasure that 22d day of June, 1864. 
After dark that night we were relieved by a Brigade of 
Baird's division, and moved about one mile to the right. 
We here relieved a Brigade of Howard's corps, and laid 
down to sleep. Strong earth-works had been con- 
structed here at great loss to the men who took the 

position. Many graves 
were here, with their lit- 
tle wooden head boards. 
A scalp of a soldier lay 
there unburied. A can- 
non ball had struck his 
head and left nothing but 
the scalp. 

This Avas what was 
called "Tater hill." It 
was an extremely danger- 
ous position if a man got 
out of the trenches. In 
those trenches the Thirty- 
seventh lay ten long sum- 
mer days and nights, 
exposed to the most determined and incessant 
artillery and musketry fire of which it is pos- 
sible to conceive. During our stay there the fun- 
loving men of the Regiment would, when the enemy 
would cease their firing at us, climb upon the works as 
if taking a view of the enemy. In a very few moments 
the flames and smoke would leap from the mouth of the 
enemy's cannon on Kennesaw, and then down into the 
trench the boys would jump before the ball or shell could 

J. C. Barnard, Sergeant Co. B. 
Toledo. O. 


reach them. They had lots of fun in that way and caused 
the enemy to waste a great deal of ammunition. Men slept 
while cannonading was shaking the very earth on which 
they were lying. One evening just after dark, some- 
thing caused the Federal and Confederate artillery to 
engage in a battle. All our batteries were throwing 
shells and exploding them at the top of Kennesaw moun- 
tain, and the guns of the enemy on that mountain 
answered shot for shot. Certainly no one ever saw a 
prettier sight than that. The fuse shells fired at us from 
the mountain top could 
be seen, describing a beau- 
tiful curve through the 
air, and coming at us 
with a fearful noise like 
some great ball of fire, 
and bursting over our 

Picket duty there was 
more than interesting. 
Pickets had to be relieved 
after dark, for a man 
would have had a poor 
chance of escaping death 

to go in front of our Augustus E. Spencer. Co. F, died at 
, . J ^. „ ^ Tullahoma. Aug. 8th, 1863. 

works m daytime. But * 

once in the "hole in the ground" which the pickets had 
dug there was comparative safety. All night long the 
pickets kept up the firing. Nothing of any great mo- 
ment occurred till the 27th, when Sherman made his 
foolhardy assault on Kennesaw, and lost over 3,000 men. 
Joe Johnson estimates the loss at not less than 6,000. 
All those good men were killed or wounded for nothing. 
Every private in that great army knew that that assault 
would prove a disastrous failure. That mad attempt 


made many a widow, and caused many mothers' hearts 
to ache for dear sons sacrificed to no purpose. 

At our rear on "Tater hill" was an open field 
through which a small stream ran, and at which we got 
water. At the side of this open field beyond us was a 
woods. A battery of parrot guns was placed on this and 
trained on Kennesaw. A straight line from these guns 
to the top of Kennesaw would have struck our works. 
But in firing at the top of Kennesaw it was necessary, 
owing to the distance, to give the guns sufficient eleva- 
tion to shoot several feet above us in order to hit the top 
of Kennesaw ; and, strange to say, not one of the many 
shot and shell which that battery sent screaming over 
our heads exploded before it got to us. But who but 
those who heard the shot and shell shrieking a few feet 
above us can form any idea of the awful piercing noise 
they made in passing? And I confess that we all became 
very tired of it. The 30th was a day of comparative 
quiet. A good rain washed us off and made our trenches 
look and be something like a good hog wallow. 

As the days came and went we were cramped in 
the trenches and exposed to the sun from 10 o'clock a. m. 
till night. We dare not go out of the trenches in the day 
time, for one would not be out thirty seconds till a 
minnie ball would admonish him to seek "his hole." 
AVhen dark came then we would crawl out, and straighten 
our limbs for a few hours. After remaining in this 
position ten days we were relieved one dark night about 
11 o'clock. Troops crept up quietly, and in whispers we 
gave them our places and began moving to the rear and 
right. About a half mile from where we started an 
artillery wagon lost the path in the woods through 
which we were passing. In order to find the path it 
became necessary to light some kind of a brilliant torch 
or lamp. 

• •• • • 

• • • • 



•• .• 

1 .• 

• •• 



• • 



• • 

• •• • 

• ••• 

•••• •, 

Bedford, Iowa. 



In a few seconds after lighting it, a flash was seen 
on the top of Kennesaw two miles away, and here came 
the flaming shell which burst in the woods near us. 
The torch kept blazing, and two more flashes from the 
same mountain top were seen, and two more fiery, 
screaming shells came and exploded right in our midst, 
but hurting no one. The curses and threats of our men 
became more dangerous to the man with the torch than 
the shells, and he extinguished it. That torch, had to be 
lighted three or four times before we got out of that 

woods, and it never 
failed to draw the enemy's 
fire. We marched over 
to the right and front on 
the 3d of July and built 
strong breast-works, our 
skirmishers being en- 
gaged all the time. 

While we were thus 
engaged large bodies of 
troops were continually 
moving to the right. It 
was discovered on the 
morning of the 3d of 
July that Johnson had 
fallen back, and we were 
ordered in pursuit. We moved to the left as far as the 
Marietta road, leaving Big Kennesaw on our left, and 
marched through Marietta, a beautiful town, a few of 
whose inhabitants watched us from their verandas and 
front gates, but uttered no word, made no signs or ges- 
tures, and as far as I know, no Federal soldier said any- 
thing unkind to any citizen. It was a solemn procession. 
We felt sure the last laugh would after awhile be ours, 
but we did not want to laugh till the work was done. 

John P Lynch. Co. G, 
Bath, Ind. 



The day was hot and we hurried on, to what we knew 
pretty well from the skirmishing we heard in our front 
was in store for us. The heat was so intense that many 
men sank down by the wayside. 

Within three miles of the town we found the enemy, 
and the familiar sound of musket firing again greeted 
our ears. We bivouacked in an open field that night 
and listened to the firing of cannon and rifles till we 
went to ^leep. Johnson^s army was there near Ruffes 
Station in force, and behind intrenchments. We spent 
most of the 4th in this 
field. Two Brigades of 
our division were en- 
gaged fighting most of 
the 4th. The enemy was 
in strong works, prepared 
for them before they left 
Kennesaw. Here Col. 
Stoughton, of the Eleventh 
Michigan, had his leg 
shot away. Johnson fell 
back again the night of 
the 4th. Col. Ward tells 
how an old lady resident 
of that place described 
the battle there. She said : 

"We'uns stopped and built a rail pile and got behind 
it. Then you'uns sent up a critter company and shot at 
we'uns, then you'uns sent up a foot company and shot at 
we^uns, and then you brought up the cannon wagon and 
throwed artillery at 'em, and you throwed one right 
through my ash hopper, and I wouldn't have taken two 
dollars for it." 

On the morning of the 5th we learned that the 
emy had fallen back again, and we pressed forward 

Samuel Barbour. Co. G. 
Lett's Corner. Ind. 


and found them again a few miles from the Chatta- 
hoochee river. Sharp fighting began as soon as we found 
them, which continued till night, the Thirty -seventh 
taking the front line about noon. We were at that time 
at the right of the railroad and about ten miles from the 
city of Atlanta, which was plainly visible from the tree 
tops. But how long it took and how many lives it cost 
to get possession of those ten miles ! 

The familiar sound of skirmishing greeted us as we 
awoke the morning of the 6th of July and erected breast- 
works. Two months have now 
passed, and every day of that 
time we have been under fire, 
and many of our good and 
brave comrades have been 
stricken down by the enemy's 
bullets. And but for the 
breast-works we had made, 
more than half our number 
would have been numbered 
among the dead and wounded. 
Henry Stone, Co. G, ^hat evening a Co. G man was 
Thorntown, ind. soriously wounded. On the 

morning of the 7th the Thirty -seventh went on the 
skirmish line with Co. F in reserve. The Thirty-eighth 
Indiana relieved us in the morning and we passed to 
the rear. The 8th was passed in comparative quiet, no 
general engagement appearing probable. We were in 
an open woods, the ground in our front receding to- 
wards the Chattahoochee river, which was two or more 
miles from us. The enemy's skirmishers were strongly 
intrenched between us and the river. A severe battle 
was brought on the 9th by the Twenty -first Ohio at- 
tempting to advance their line. In this fight the old and 
true tried Twenty-first Ohio, which from Stone river, to 


Atlanta shared with us the fortunes of war, suffered 
severely. Many of the men of the Thirty-seventh will 
remember one of their wounded who was carried back 
on a stretcher, suffering terrible agony from the remorse- 
less tourniquet. The ball had cut the main artery of the 
leg, and that device was the only thing that could save 
him from bleeding to death. 

Moving forward on the morning of the 10th we dis- 
covered that the enemy had, during the night, burned 
the bridge, and retreated to the south side of the river. 
Our skirmish line advanced, _ 

and found them in strong force 
and vindictive and determined 
as ever. From our camp we 
watched the opposing batteries 
firing at each other across the 
river. From this point we 
could clearly see the city of 
Atlanta, which I think was 
seven or eight miles distant. 
We lay in this camp a few 
days, drawing clothing on the 

12th. All except the pickets Jasper N. Stuart. Co. D. 

passed the few days here gath- Keiiogg, la. 

ering blackberries, which were plentiful. We re- 
mained in that beautiful camp eating and drinking as 
merrily as if no enemy was near, though the pickets 
were firing all the time. We all knew full well that we 
were liable to be called into action in an hour, but all 
acted on the principle, "Sufficient unto the day is the 
evil thereof." We received ordei-s to move forward the 
evening of the 16th at 8 o'clock the next morning. On 
the morning of the 17th we packed our little earthly 
possessions, and stood waiting for orders to move, and 
listening to heavy cannonading at or near the river. 



Ours was to obey orders and the orders to "forward 
march" did not come till noon. Then we marched up 
the river three miles, to the point selected for crossing. 
Here was a pontoon bridge, and amid the rattle of 
musketry and the heavy boom of cannons in the woods 
before us, we marched over the murky, turbid waters of 
the Chattahoochee river, and formed on the left of 
Davis' division. 

At that point our mail came, and nearly everybody 
got a letter or letters. A battle was imminent, bullets 

were flying over and around 
us, but bullets and battles 
were not the rarity that 
sweet words from a far 
country, and loved ones at 
home were, and we got on 
the north side of tree stumps 
and stones, and read and re- 
read the messages from 
"home, sweet home." In a 
very short time our reverie 
was broken by the'command 
we had heard for the thous- 
andth time, "fall in!" We 
moved forward about a mile 
and bivouacked for the 
night. On the evening of the 19th we reached the north 
bank of Peach Tree creek, and that night crossed it 
with our division, the first, and made intrenchments. 

Sergeant Major Marion El-ton 
Co. K. killed. In the battler of 


The Battle of Atlanta and Siege of Atlanta. 

The Thirty-seventh was on the skirmish line on the 
19th and was sharply engaged all day. Our whole 
corps, the fourteenth, was 
on the south side of Peach 
Tree creek the morning of 
the 20th, and I think formed 
the right of the army. 
H ooker was on our left, and 
Howard to his left. Mc- 
Pherson's and Schofield^s 
corps were northeast of At- 
lanta. Hood had superseded 
Johnson a few days before 
this, and determined to 
immortalize himself. On the 
morning of the 20th our 
army moved cautiously. Co. K had been on the skirmish 
line the night of the 19th and joined the Regiment on the 
morning of the 20th, away to the right of its skirmish line. 
The Thirty-seventh and our Brigade were in a pine woods, 
erecting works rapidly. 

About 10 o'clock we moved to the right and took our 
position in an open field without any protection. The 
heat of the sun as we lay there all day without any shade 
was almost unendurable. For as much as two hours a 
rebel cannon belched forth grape or canister shot at us. 
We laid close to the ground and these shot would strike the 

Corporal Isaiah L. Green. Co. C. 
Scipio, Ind. 



ground in our front, tear up the grass and bound on over 
us, but I believe no one was killed, but several were 
wounded. Time passed slowly while this was going on. 
About the middle of the afternoon Hood hurled his forces 
at our line of battle on Ibr left. The roar of the battle from 
the first 'to the last was simply awful. At no other time 
did I hear such musketry firing as I heard there. We for- 
got the lone cannon at our front, and stood up and gazed 
intensely into the dark woods on our left where the battle 
raged. Indeed, the enemy at our front seemed to 

have been as impressed 
by the battle as we were, 
for they had quit shooting 
at us, and no doubt were 
anxiously waiting for 
news from the battle. 
' The firing at our left 
ceased and Hood had been 
defeated with great loss. 
Indeed, the loss was heavy 
on both sides. The 
ground where we were 
sloped in front upwards 
for two or three hundred 
yards,and we moved to the 
top of the raise and began 
throwing up breast- works. There we were subjected to 
an annoying artillery fire. Shells full of bullets were ex- 
ploded above us, and these bullets and pieces of shell flew 
down among us. That was a beautiful evening as the sun 
sank beneath the western horizon, and we worked at our 
intrenchments and the enemy shelled us. I'll never for- 
get the conduct of Lieut. Tevis that evening. He was 
* dressed in a nice, clean uniform, and strutted back and 
forth on the crest of that hill, as if those bursting shells 

George W. Hungate, Co. E. 
Pleasant ville. la. 


were harmless soap bubbles. Our bojs saw an officer 
on a white horse riding in our front about a half mile. 
They dropped their picks and shovels and got their guns 
and opened fire on him. That caused the battery to 
open on us with renewed vigor. Sergeant Will Rankin, 
of Co. K, was lying with his shoulders on his knapsack 
^nd his left wrist on the top and front of his head, hold- 
ing in his right hand a Christian Instructor which he 
was reading. A shell exploded away above us, and a 
fluttering noise was heard and a ball from that shell 
struck Rankin's wrist, ^ 

going through it into hig f- 

brain. He died almost 

instantly, and his mem- \ '^^^'Wk 

ory is still held in loving f# ^^1 

remembrance by every ^- ^*L3H 

livino- mftmber of Co. K '*^' W, 


living member of Co. K 
and by all in the Regi- 
ment who knew him. 

When we started on 
that campaign on the 7th 
of May, John M. Stewart, 
Robert Stewart, William ^ ^ 

Rankin and myself isaac N. Harrison. Co. K, 

formed a mess, and were sterling. Kas. 

close, staunch friends. And now on the 20th of July all 
were dead but me. All fell in battle, and I was with 
them and near them when they fell. This is so remark- 
able that I feel that my comrades will pardon me for 
relating it here. That night we put in most of the time 
till daylight throwing up works, and we had good ones 
by morning. We felt safe when close to our works next 
day, but it was very dangerous a few feet to the rear. 
Rebel sharp shooters were numerous, and evidently had 
good positions. 



About 10 o'clock that morning, the 21st, Sergeant 
Major Marion Elston came along to the rear of Co. K, 
his old Company, and told us we could get beef at the 
rear and foot of the elevated ground. Just as he told us 
that, he turned to go to the next Company to the right, 
and as he turned a minnie bullet struck him at the side 
of the shoulder, and he fell to the ground. I and one or 
two others went to him. The blood could be heard 
spurting in the cavity of his body, and he asked : *^What 
is that?" and on being told, he said: *'Yes, that's it." 
^^^^^ An ambulance had been 

^^^^^^^^ brought as near as it was safe 

^^K to bring it, and we carried him 

■jV -^ ^ back and put him in it. The 

P|f ^ ambulance driver having a 

^^ ^M^ holy terror of bullets, drove off 

J , ^^^^ before Marion got to say good- 
bye to us or we to him, and he 
waved his last good-bye to his 
comrades and Regiment by 
raising his foot up and down 
for several seconds. He lived 
but a short time after he was 
taken back. His loss was 
keenly felt by every man in 
James Ruddeii, Co. K, wounded the Regiment, and by all who 
at Stone river, Rushvillejnd. , ,. xu»i- • a*m 

knew him at his home in Mil- 

roy, in Rush county. As I remember these noble young 
men— their patriotism, intelligence, bravery and real 
worth, I am constrained to say that the noblest young 
men of the North wore the blue and fought the battles 
of the Union. Skirmishing continued all that day, and 
we lay behind our works in almost perfect safety, not 
knowing when we would be ordered to move, nor 



In our front was a level open field nearly a half mile 
across. A small, crooked creek ran through that open 
space, and had cut its bed down some two or three feet 
in the earth. Our skirmishers, in great numbers, had 
crept into that, which in places was near the rebel skir- 
mish line, and made it exceedingly dangerous for a 
Johnny to expose his head for any length of time above 
his works. Skirmishing in our front was lively all day, 
yet many of the Thirty -seventh men concluded that we 
would remain there another night, and about 6 o'clock 
in the evening they crawled 
out and made coffee in their 
quart cups. About the time 
the coffee got hot the men 
were called into line and or- 
dered to climb over their 
works and move forward. 

The order was promptly 
obeyed, but most of the men 
held their cups of steaming 
hot coffee in their hands, hop- 
ing that by some delay they 
might be permitted to drink it. 

The Thirty -eighth Indiana 

. ^ o ^ John M. Stewart, Sergeant CJo. 

Regiment was on our left in k, killed at the battle of 
this movement, and it and the Pumpkinvine creek, Ga. 
Thirty-seventh were all the Regiments that were en- 
gaged in it. The line made by the two Regiments could 
not have been more perfect. We started across that 
open space at a "right shoulder shift," and moved rap- 
idly on to the enemy. Their skirmishers, who were 
behind strong earth-works, did what they could to check 
our advance, but could not do much, for our skirmishers 
in the creek shot at every head that appeared above the 
rebel works, and we moved on as if there was no enemy 

Indiana volunteer iNt'ANTRY. 115 

in our front, and our men concluding that the oppor- 
tunity for drinking a good cup of coffee that evening 
was poor, poured it on the ground. The rebel batteries 
in front opened on us with shot and shell, and our bat- 
teries a quarter of a mile in our rear, sent them shot 
for shot. 

Our line of battle never stopped or wavered for a 

single moment, though scores of shot and shell came and 

went screaming and bursting over our heads. On and 

on we went with the certainty of fate. We were within 

^^^^^ 100 yards of the enemy's skir- 

^K^^^ mishers. They were behind 

^V very strong earth-works, and 

V^ ^f^ tfri when they saw that nothing 

^k ]^ could keep us from walking 

Al^I^^^A over them and their works, 

J^^H^^^^ and that continuing to fire on 

^^?V^^HHH^^ us would only be murder, 

-^^^^^^^^^^^^W which we would avenge when 

^^^^L ^^^^^^K we came onto them, they 

^^B^ ^^^^^^ stuck their guns' breech fore- 

^^ ^^^^ most over their works, and we 

J. p. Spencer. Sergeant Co. F, marched on without Stopping 

Z^'T'^^ ^ ^'"'^'VnrT ' r^"" for a single moment. Men were 

31st, 1862, Moore s Hill, Ind. " 

detailed to take the prisoners 
to the rear, and on we went. We moved into an open 
woods, and the batteries in our front and rear were 
firing as rapidly as possible, cutting off great limbs of 
trees in our front and rear and over our heads. Limbs 
of trees and tree tops were falling nearly all the time. 
If one wants to feel how frail he is, he should hear a 
cannon ball strike a tree nearby him. 

We pressed on through the woods, exposed to the 
enemy's artillery and rifles, till we were near his works. 
It became evident that we would soon have to halt, and 



every man picked up a log or chunk or rail with which 
to protect himself. At the top of the little hill we 
formed our line and got behind what we had carried 
forward. It was not quite dark, and the enemy's bullets 
were flying fast Darkness soon hid us from the view 
of our enemies, and we began digging ; yet one man was 
wounded that night. I never learned how many men 
were wounded while making that forward movement — 
none were killed, I believe. The ground was hard and 
digging was very difficult; but no man shirked, for all 
had learned the value of in- 
trenchments when near the 
enemy. There are times when 
the old soldier will work and 
not grumble, and the more bat- 
tles he has been in, the more 
cheerfully will he work when 
he is near the enemy. 

Thirty-seventh men never 
worked better than they did 
that night. Though the ground 
was hard and rocky, they, w ith 
very poor tools, had pretty 
secure works by midnight. 
About 10 o'clock that night the silence of the enemy's 
pickets became the subject of comment. Some of our 
men, who it seemed were born tired and daring, decided 
to investigate the cause of the silence. Some men nat- 
urally love to make adventures, take risks and really 
tempt Providence. An army would not be much 
account without such men, and the Thirty -seventh had 
plenty of them. So they crept out to the front, moved 
on right up to the strong w^orks of the rebels, crawled on 
top of them, over on the other side. Oh, how t'lose 
brave fellows did delight in that adventure I They 

Arthur McClain, Co. K. 



were Btaiiding then just where their adversaries stood 
two hours before. They came back to their comrades 
who were digging in the hard ground, and told them to 
lie down and go to sleep, for they had visited the enemy's 
camp, climbed over his works, and no enemy was there. 
Their report was believed ; the air was cool and refresh- 
ing; the moon cast a soft light over the surroundings, 
and the tired soldiers, who in God's mercy had been 
spared from the bursting of the first shell at Tunnel hill 
on the 7th of May, and had been under fire every day 

from that until the mid- 

a night hour of July 21st. 

laid down on the hard 
stony ground and slept as 
soundly as if they had been 
^ ^ on their soft beds at home. 

The Regiment on that 
day lost three wounded, 
one in Co. C and two in 
Co. B, and one killed — 
Sergeant Major Marion 
Elston, of Co. K. The 
morning of the 22d broke 
in clear and bright, and 
promised to be another 
hot day. After breakfast 
we fell into line with 
cheerful hearts, for the camp reports flew thick and fast 
that the way to Atlanta, the long-sought and dearly- 
bought city, was clear. 

J. B. Ward (Tip), Co. A. 
Kokomo. Ind. 


The Siesre of Atlanta. 

Gen. Johnson, our division commander, was in- 
credulous and kept his command in ^ood shape, while 
Gen. Hooker said he 
would march his corps 
into the city for dinner. 
We met sickly-looking 
refugees as we went for- 
ward who said the city 
was evacuated. 

Still we moved cau- 
tiously to the right a 
short distance to a road 
leading into the city. On 
this road we marched by 
fours, arms at will. Ap- 
pearances soon changed, 
and we moved more cau- e. r. chiids. co. c. 

tiously, and finally halted- Spokane. Wash. 

About 8 o'clock we formed our line of battle facing to 
the front. There were no infantry or artillery firing, 
yet thing-s looked suspicious to the old soldier, who had 
seen just such maneuvers before. We moved on cau- 
tiously during this oppressive calm, and soon a solid 
shot came screaming through our ranks. The enemy 
was strongly intrenched within three miles of the city, 
and we took position to the right of the railroad, and 



Co. F went on picket, supporting the skirmish line, and 
had a good time eating blackberries and muscadine 
grapes. Heavy fighting was heard on the left during al 
the afternoon. 

Hardee and Cheatham had attacked McPherson, 
who was killed that day. Once or twice the battle 
swept over toward our line, but never got to us. The 
Thirty -seventh intrenched itself in strong earth -works. 
Co. F went on the picket at night, and one of our bat- 
teries threw fuse shells over them into the enemy's lines. 

They, Co. F, would have 
enjoyed the sight more if 
the shells had gone far- 
ther above them. The 
forenoon of the 23d wit- 
nessed heavy skirmishing, 
and some artillei*y firing. 
A shell of the enemy 
struck our works in front 
of Co. H. The Eleventh 
Indiana battery shelled 
Atlanta in the afternoon. 
A good view of the city 
could be had from the 
position of the Eleventh, 
and its firing was very 
destructive to that portion of the city in the neighbor- 
hood of the round house. 

On that day the siege of Atlanta began. The 
enemy was strongly intrenched. A direct assault on his 
works would have been madness. On the afternoon of 
the 24th we were informed that at a signal at 9 o'clock 
that night the pickets were to fire, the artillery was to 
open up along the whole line, bugles were to be blown, 
and the army in the trenches were to shout as if starting 

James Harper, Co. A. 
Sharps ville, Ind. 


on a charj^e. At the appointed time the signal, sendinAr 
up sky rockets, was given, and the program carried out, 
and pandemonium reigned. The enemy responded 
briskly, but no harm was done. I never heard what the 
object was, and suppose it was just to fool them. The 
Eleventh Indiana battery fired a shot into the city every 
five minutes during that whole night. The 25th and 
26th were passed in skirmishing and artillery practice. 
The army of the Tennessee passed behind us to our 
right on the 27th. The army was being moved to the 
right and was threatening 
the Macon railroad. We 
saw many old friends in 
the Eighty-third Indiana, 
and some other Regi- 
ments. On the morning 
of the 28th the wagon 
train of the army of the 
Tennessee was still pass- 
ing to the right. About 
noon that day our Bri- 
gade moved rapidly to 
the right to support How- 
ard's army, which had m. h. Day, Co. c. 
been suddenly attacked Hayden. ind. 
by Lee and Stewart's corps of Hood's army. This was 
the battle of Ezra Church, and the last in defense of 
Atlanta. It ended as did the two preceding pitiful 
attempts to save the city. Night settled down over his 
defeated army, and Hood fell back into his intrench- 
ments to await the end which he must have known was 
not in the distant future. 

In moving to the support of Howard we marched 
much of the way in the rear of our troops, and in plain 
view of the enemy's batteries, shots from which consid- 

• •••• 

• •••• 

• •••• 

• ••*• 

••• ••••• 


Captain j. b. reeve, 
Rushville, Ind. 


erably accelerated our movements as we marched 
rapidly to the sound of cannon and musketry to the 
right. We moved into position on the right of the 
Sixteenth army corps. At dark we began to build 
breast- works, and continued rather reluctantly till mid- 
night, when we laid down to sleep ; but the night being 
cold and our blankets back in our tents, we passed the 
night uncomfortably on the ground, wet from the recent 
rain. Our Brigade was relieved on the morning of the 
the 29th by troops from Davis' division, and we returned 
to our camp. 

Hood had failed to accomplish anything for his 
cause, and his rashness had lost him many men, and the 
respect of his soldiers. This is clear from a conversation 
that took place between the pickets one day after one of 
the severe battles. One of our pickets called out, "Hello, 
Johnny, how many men have you got over there?" To 
which the Confederate answered, "Oh, about enough 
for another killing." Early on the morning of the 80th 
the enemy opened upon us with all their artillery it 
seemed. The skirmishers also were active, and all con- 
tinued throughout the night. Who that was there can 
ever forget that awful and long continued roar, oftimes 
shaking the solid earth? What it was intended to ac- 
complish I never knew. 

The 31st was nice and quiet till in the afternoon, 
when skirmishing was begun again, and the rain com- 
menced falling. We had had a nice time for soldiers 
since the 26th. There was almost constant cannonading, 
but that was directed by batteries at and against bat- 
teries, only an occasional shot or shell shrieking over us, 
rarely striking our works. The band of the Seventy- 
ninth Pennsylvania was quartered near us, and to the 
sound of musketry and cannon, and passing and ex- 
ploding shells, they sent forth on the cool, calm night 


air sweet strains of music to cheer and comfort friend 
and foe alike The siege of Atlanta began at the close 
of the battle of July 22d. Hood fell back into his in- 
trenchments after the battle of Ezra Church, and 
remained there till Sherman^s flank movement forced 
him to save his army from destruction. 

Aug. 1st found us still in camp in rear of our 
division battle line, and on that day George H. Pun- 
tenney was appointed Sergeant Major. That day may 
be remembered from the fact that we drew the first 

ration of whisky we had had 
since the 21st of June, while 
in front of Kennesaw mountain. 
Xot very many of the men in 
the Thirty-seventh Indiana 
cared much for whisky, and 
that may be the reason so little 
whisky was given it. Of 
.course the usual roar of ar- 
tillery and rattle of musketry 
was kept up. The absence of 
these would attract more at- 
James w. Scott, Co. B. tention then than their pres- 

Fairtleld. Ind. mum ^ xi_ • j 

ence. The Twenty -third corps, 
Scholield's, had passed to the right of the army on the 
23d. This change made the army of the Cumberland 
the left, Howard's the center and Schofield's the right. 
This move threatened to cut off the last line of supply of 
the Confederate army — the Macon railroad. . 

Schofield and Palmer, with the Fourteenth corps, 
were ordered to strike that railroad and destroy it. On 
the 2d of August our Regiment was appointed to the 
duty of train guard, and about 3 o'clock that evening 
we took up our march as train guard of the corps wagon 
train for Marietta, which point we reached a little after 


dark, and went into camp. We remained in Marietta 
the 3d and took a look at the town. Marietta was then 
oui* base of supplies, for when Johnson withdrew across 
the Chattahoochee he destroyed the railroad bridge, and 
until it was rebuilt supplies must be taken in wagon 
trains. Many of the citizens of Marietta, who left it 
while the many days' artillery firing at Kennesaw was 
going on, had returned to their homes, but seemed very 
unhappy, and who can blame them for it? In the 
evening our train was parked in an open field about a 
mile east of town. A detail 
picketed the camp, and we 
enjoyed a refreshing sleep on 
the ground, and listened to the 
booming of cannon away off at 
our front. Early on the morn- 
ing of the 4th we started for 
the front, crossed the river on a 
pontoon bridge, and arrived at 
our destination about noon. 
That afternoon and the next 
day we cleared off our camp 
ground and pitched our tents Lewis l. Campbell. Co. a, 
in a beautiful grove to the Peoria, iii. 

right of the railroad. But the sound of rifles and cannon 
assured us that the war was still going on. The 7th was 
a quiet day with us, but the old Fourteenth corps on our 
right was fiercely engaged, attacking and carrying the 
rifle pits in its front and losing in killed and wounded 
500 men. On the morning of the 8th we started with a 
corps train for Marietta, and arrived there at 12 o'clock. 
The remainder of the day we spent much as we 
pleased, some looking at the town and the soldiers on 
guard there. Many visited the sanitary and christian 
commission. The next morning we started back with 


the wagon train, and saw some large cannon going to- 
ward Atlanta. It is said that Sherman said: "I think 
those guns will make Atlanta of less value to them as a 
machine shop and depot of supplies." It soon com- 
menced raining that morning, rained hard, and 
the roads became muddy and travel difficult. It 
was afternoon when we arrived in camp very tired. 
There was heavy cannonading on both flanks of the 
army till late at night, and the rain poured down most 
of the day and night and most of the next day. On the 
12th we were ordered to march to Marietta, and after 
going about half a mile, returned to camp. 

There was hard fighting on our front and right that 
day, but nothing was gained by our army. The bridge 
over the Chattahoochee had been completed, and a train 
load of supplies arrived on the 14th — the first in a long 
time, and we went and unloaded it. The opposing 
arables in the trenches were fighting as if they always 
intended to fight. The Regiment unloaded another 
train on the 16th. On the 17th the Regiment guarded a 
train to Marietta, and returned with it the next day, 
marching to the sound of distant cannon which sounded 
more fierce than common. Nothing of importance 
occurred till the 20th, when it became evident that a 
decisive movement was to be made in the immediate 


A Great Flank Movement That Caused the Fall of At- 
lanta. Jonesboro the Objective Point. 

On the 25th of August, I think, the army began a 
flank movement on Jonesboro, which was south of At- 
lanta some twenty miles. First the army was moved 
some distance to the rear, and then by the right flank to 
the west and south of the city. The Twentieth corps 
fell back to the north side of the Chattahoochee 
river and fortified. On the 20th an order was received 
from the war department requiring the Thirty -seventh 
Regiment to continue in the service until the 28th day 
of October, the date of our mustering at West Point, 
Ky., instead of the 18th day of September, the day on 
which we were sworn in at Lawrenceburg. The men 
had discussed that question many times in the last three 
years, but this was the first ruling on the question, and 
it decided it against us. 

This added forty days to our three years^ service, but 
we had been soldiers long enough to know it did no 
good to grumble. On the 25th of August we received 
marching orders. The Regiment moved with the corps 
train about four miles to the right, and camped for the 
night. The day was hot, but there was no fighting in 
our front. The army was then making a great flank 
movement on Jonesboro. Slocum had been placed per- 
manently in command of the Twentieth corps, and occu- 
pied the intrenchments at the Chattahoochee river. All 


the sick, extra supplies, wagons, etc., were in his care. 
On the 26th the train attended by the Thirty-seventh, 
moved farther to the .right. We moved on all night, 
making slow progress. A thunder-storm came up about 
3 o'clock a. m. It was so dark that we could see 
nothing only the flashes of lightning. On the morning 
of the 27th we stopped just long enough to eat a hurried 
breakfast, and then moved on. About noon rebel cav- 
alry threw shells into our train, creating some little 
alarm, but doing no harm. The cavalry were soon 

J driven out of sight, and 

we marched forward. We 
I went into camp in the evening 

1^ to the right of the road, and 

* near the park of our corps 

train. On the 28th we marched 
on to the right and front. Co. 
^^ "F" was detailed to cut out a 
PB|^ road through the woods for the 
r^'W train. We waited till the four 
^^ corps trains moved out of our 
^^ way. On the 28th the de- 
T. A. Jennings. Co. F. struction of the West Point 
Moore s Hill, ind. railroad was begun and com- 

pleted. Many of the iron rails were heated and bent and 
twisted till it would be impossible to use them again. 
Some of the cuts were filled with a layer of dirt and 
then a layer of brush, and it looked like it would be 
difficult indeed to clean out this filling. Some rebel 
prisoners with us said we would be glad to leave there 
soon, as Hood would be after us ; but we told them there 
was no danger, and on we marched, and the old flag 
still moved forward. 

Hood said the fate of the city depended on their 
ability to defeat Sherman in this the last act in the great 


drama. Scene after scene from May 7th to the present 
hour had been presented to an anxious country, and 
they waited with bated breath for the curtain to rise on 
the last closing act of the grandest campaign in history. 
With Sherman it was no problem. His 106,000 effectives 
(using Hood's figures and words), inured to victory, 
against the 45,000, who from Dalton to Atlanta had con- 
tinually turned their backs to the foe, but recites the oft 
told story, which in the end is but "hoping against 
hope." We remained here during the day. Our train 
was parked in a field and about 
noon our Regiment was or- 
dered to reconnoiter in search 
of cavalry which were re- 
ported near us. 

We went to the front a 
mile or so and finding no 
enemy, returned and remained 
till morning. We moved some 
distance the 30th, and went i 
into camp at night. We made 
our beds, put down our 
blankets and expected to get a 
good night's sleep. Soon we Joseph Vandoiah, Co. f. 
were aroused and ordered to a o a, 

pack up and "fall in." In the whole category of words 
there are none that are so full of meaning to soldiers as 
those two little words, "fall in." He hears them in his 
sleep and day dreams. They always convey to the 
mind some anxiety or fear. Yet the old Thirty -seventh 
never in all her three years failed to respond promptly 
when that command was given it. About noon of the 
31st our train preceded the Regiment. Owing to the 
bad condition of the roads, we had orders to repair it 
from place to place as it might need it. During our 


march that day we passed our corps headquarters. The 
sound of cannon on our right that afternoon told of 
Hood's last stand at Atlanta. Despite the fact that 
Sherman was moving with five corps against his only 
line of communication, and with crushing weight writ- 
ing the last chapter of the history of the Atlanta cam- 
paign, it seems that it never occurred to him to give up 
the city without a struggle and the shedding of blood. 
It is creditable to the Union soldiers that everywhere 
and on every occasion from Tunnel hill to Love Joys 
Station they met a foe worthy of their steel and honored 
progenitors. Those Southern soldiers did fight. 

It seems that this flank movement had deceived 
Gen. Hood. He thought that Sherman had fallen back 
toward his base of supplies. He telegraphed that state- 
ment to the prominent men of the South, and they came 
to Atlanta to rejoice with him. Atlanta was in a blaze 
of glory. Young men and maidens danced, and old 
men and matrons rejoiced. It was indeed "On with the 
dance, let joy be unconfined." But a horseman arrives 
and tells them that Sherman's mighty army is marching 
around apparently as resistless as fate to Jonesboro, and 
will soon cut off all of Hood's communications with 
the South. Then light and joy faded from the faces of 
pure and lovely women and brave men, and the sound 
of clashing swords and coarse commands took the place 
of the violin and flute. Two corps were started to meet 
Sherman's five corps. They delayed them a little on 
the 31st, but only for a short time. All our force was 
directed to Jonesboro, and about 4 o'clock on the even- 
ing of the' 1st of September, our good, old Fourteenth 
corps, under Gen. Davis, charged the enemy and cut 
him in twain, suffering severely itself and literally 
routing the enemy, killing and wounding great num- 
bers of them. That night Hood blew up his magazines 


and abandoned Atlanta, and the campai*j:n was ended. 
Two or three days after the battle 1, as Sergeant Major 
of the Thirty-seventh, was ordered to take a lot of 
skulkei*s (those men of the army who had without per- 
mission dropped out of ranks as their comrades were 
going into the battle and staid in the rear till the battle 
was over and had been put under guard after the battle), 
and bury the dead of the enemy in our front. 

They, the skulkers, were the toughest human beings 
I ever had anything to do with. In a pretty oak woods 
were about forty dead Confederates. There were sinks 
in the ground there three or four feet deep and twice 
that many feet lopg and wide. The bodies of these 
dead were too much decayed to be handled with the 
hands, and these skulkers cut forked oak limbs so as to 
make a hook of one fork and a hand holt of the other. 
They would put the hook under the chin of the dead 
and drag the body into the pit or sink and scrape the 
earth on them. These skulkers cared no more for 
these dead bodies than they would have cared for 
dead hogs. 

As above stated, the campaign was over, but who 
will ever be able to tell the exact number of brave men 
who were killed while fighting from Tunnel hill to 
Jonesboro? On the 7th day of May, 124 days before 
the capture of Atlanta, bullets commenced flying past 
our ears, and nearly every single day of these 124 the 
Thirty-seventh Regiment heard the whizzing and 
shrieking of the enemy^s shot and shell. During all 
these four months of continuous and hard fighting, no 
decisive battle had been fought. The Confederate army 
had been driven about 150 miles, but it was not de- 
feated till after it made its stand at Jonesboro. There 
it was routed. That was a gallant army commanded 
by able and brave generals. If the Confederate army 


under Johnson and Hood in this campaign gave to 
history an unparalleled lesson of heroic resistance to 
superior numbers, that of Sherman's will live on and 
above it as an example of human endurance, perse- 
verance, courage and patriotism. Thirty -seventh In- 
diana men shed their blood at Rocky Face ridge, swung 
around with Sherman's army through Snake Creek Gap, 
fought in the three days' fight at Resaca, crossed Osta- 
naula river, skirmished through Calhoun, Adairsville 
and beyond Etawah river, developed the enemy in his 

ambushed position near Dallas, 
# where from May 26th to June 

f 5th, the battles of New Hope 

fi^ ^*^ 't Church, Pickett's mill or Pump- 

1^^ kinvine creek were fought, 

\W^^.- * losing many men in killed and 

. wounded, and never once 

^^ ■■* ^^^^ failed to display the highest 
^^H T I ^^^^HI ^^^^^^ ^^ bravery and patriot- 
^^K w^^Kb ^^^^' ^^^^^^e ^^^ these long and 

^^Bfi ' jB^^^ trying days our grand old 
^^''^ *^^^^^ Regiment was in one contin- 
D. s. Shafer. Co. G. uous blaze of musketry and 

Kokomcind. artillery tire amid the tangled 

undergrowth of small timber, down in deep and unex- 
plored ravines, and up among the wild Altoona hills. 
On it went by the left flank through the nineteen days' 
rain in June ; nothing daunted, brooking no defeat, it 
tinally brought up under the enemy's guns at Kennesaw 
mountain, where it laid from June 21st to July 3d in the 
trenches exposed to the scorching rays of the sun, under 
a fierce and persistent artillery fire of the enemy. 

During the Atlanta campaign the army of the Cum- 
berland alone lost 21,534 men in killed, wounded and 
captured. We spent a few days at Jonesboro, and saw 


the Confederate wounded brought into town in our 
army wagons. One thousand wounded Confederates 
must have been hauled back in those wagons. I got up 
on the wheels of one wagon that had ten wounded men 
in it. All were pale and weak. Some of them were 
from Texas, others from other States. Not one of them 
(though some were quite young men), uttered a moan or 
complaint. As they were unloaded from the wagon (all 
had to be lifted out of it), not one of them spoke of 
being hurt. Some of them set their jaws together a 
little tighter, but that was all. 
About the 8th of September we 
started back to Atlanta and 
went into camp near the south 
corporation line, now Peach 
Tree street, passing strong forti- 
fications near the city. The 
city was badly torn with shot 
and shell from our batteries. 

Many of our men visited a 
fort near the city where five 
large sixty-four pounds cannon 
had been spiked when aban- w. a. Bodine, co. i. 

doned by the enemy. They Morristown. ma. 

were old United States pieces which had been stolen from 
our government by Floyd. Nothing of great importance 
happened the 10th, 11th, 12th and 13th, except that Gen. 
Sherman issued an order requiring citizens of Atlanta to 
go either North or South. During these days citizens- 
men, women and children, some of the ladies elegantly 
dressed and evidently unaccustomed to hardships, passed 
our camp on their way South. They said nothing to us 
and we said nothing to them. The city was literally 
torn to pieces; more than half the houses had been 
struck by one or more shots or shells. Every door yard 


had an artificial cave in it, into which the family went 
when the artillery was playing on the city. Some of us 
went to church one day, and it had been punctured 
three or four times by cannon balls. 

As the Regiment had been mustered into the service 
on the 18th of September, 1861, it was ordered on that 
day in 1864 to report at Indianapolis as early as possible. 
On the evening of the 18th we left the camp, bidding 
good-bye to the good, brave boys of Companies A, B, C, 
D, I and K, who had shared with us in the toils, priva- 
tions and dangers of many battles in which we had been 
engaged. We were going to home and friends and civil 
life, they to the honor and glory awaiting them in their 
march to, and camp by the sea. 

Our train, a freight, composed of stock cars and 
platfoi-m cars, got oflF the 19th about 10 o'clock a. m., but 
we went slowly. The men were on top of the cars, in 
them and on the platform cars. Most of the distance to 
Chattanooga was made after night, and those on the 
platform cars and on top of the cars, in order to keep 
from falling off the cars when asleep, had to tie them- 
selves to something on the car. Not much sleeping was 
done, but the train thundered along and got into Chatta- 
nooga about 9 o'clock of the morning of the 20th. Here 
we met several of the Regiment who were awaiting our 
arrival. At about 11 o'clock a. m. we bid farewell to 
Chattanooga, the scenes of many hardships and trials, 
and after a tiresome ride over a devastated country, 
arrived at Nashville. We staid there one night and 
part of two days, when we left and came on to Louisville. 

Col. Ward without delay applied for transportation 
to Indianapolis, and got an order for it over the road to 
Jeffersonville. As the Regiment marched through Louis- 
ville to the river, it marched two abreast by platoons at 
times and by Companies at times. All did their level 


best (and but few Regiments could march or drill with 
the Thirty -seventh), and as the men passed on with their 
sunburnt hands and faces, worn garments, military step 
and bright guns at a **right shoulder shift" they at- 
tracted much attention. All knew we had served our 
full three years, and one enthusiastic bystander re- 
marked: *'That old Regiment could make ah — 1 of a 
racket yet." We crossed the river into Jeffersonville 
that evening. Our Colonel had some difficulty in secur- 
ing a train for us, but linally succeeded after threaten- 
ing to press one into the service. 

We left on the 22d on an old, rickety train with a 
wheezy engine that made slow time indeed. The old 
engine gave out about the middle of the afternoon and 
came to a dead stand still near Vienna. We laid there 
till late at night waiting for another engine. It came at 
last, and we went on slowly, arriving at Indianapolis 
about 2 o'clock p. m. It was the Sabbath, and we 
marched into Camp Morton, got a good dinner and pre- 
pared to rest. We had not been many days in camp 
till Gov. Morton sent word to the Regiment that there 
was likely to be trouble with the Knights of the Golden 
Circle in Sullivan county, and he wished a trained and 
tried Regiment to deal with them if trouble came. He 
requested the Regiment to consent to remain in the 
service for a time, or until the danger was past. 

To this request the men cheerfully consented, and 
remained till Oct. 27th, in the meantime receiving a fur- 
lough home to see our friends and vote at the election. 
All returned and were paid off and mustered out on the 
27th of October, and returned to their homes and the 
trials and pleasures of civil life. 

Our work as soldiers was done, and I think well 
done. The joys and sorrows of those three terrible 
years were in the past, but not forgotten, nor never can 


be by any of us while life lastH. The memories of this 
lon«< companionship will be like a day dream growing 
brighter and more precious, as the evening of life comes 
on with the infirmities of age. 

As I look back through the thirty-four years past at 
tiie thousand strong, young men and patriots of which 
the Thirty-seventh Indiana Regiment was composed — 
like the host of Israel which came out of Kgypt, "not 
one feeble one among them," I am forced to conclude 
that the King of Nations raised them up, and others like 

tthem, for tlie express purpose 
of preserving this government, 
with its institutions to bless not 
only the people of this nation, 
but those of every nation on 
the face of the earth. Com- 
rades, it was a glorious cause 
for which you fought, and 
glorious were your achieve- 
ments. Xo matter how diffi- 
cult or dangerous was the duty 
assigned you, you did it 
n^ . ow. . ., „ promptly and well. 

Thomas A. Shirk, Co. H. *^ ^ '^ 

waynesburgh. ind. Past Search the history of the 
Commander Post 134, Sarde- Regiment from the time you 

nla. Ind. One of four brothers ^^_„„^j a.u^ /\u:^ -'.r^- i^*^ 
Who enlists lnl8«l, and the ^"^^^^^^ ^^^ ^>*"^ nverinto 

only one to return. Two Kentucky, till you, three years 
killed, and the other died in afterwards, re-crossed it into 
^* **" ' Indiana to be mustered out, 

and the most searching critic will find no stain on it, but 
will find it always equal to the best of all the brave and 
loyal Regiments sent out by any State for the preserva- 
tion of the Union. You never shirked a duty or dis- 
obeyed an order. I have no way of arriving at the 
exact loss of the Regiment from death and wounds. 



I learn from Terrell's reports, which do not give the 
names of all who were wounded or killed in battle, that 
170 of the Regiment either died or were killed in battle ; 
also that 185 were disabled by disease and wounds. 

That makes in all 355 men — over the third of the 
Regiment. But the number is much larger than that. 
The wounded who were not permanently disabled are 
not mentioned in Terrell's reports. The wounds that 
our Colonel, W. I). Ward, received, are not mentioned, 
and of course those of privates would not be. Many 
men were seriously wounded 
more than once, yet no men- 
tion is made of it. I say this 
to show that not half the 
wounds received by- men of 
the Thirty-seventh Regiment, 
or any other Regiment, are 
given in that report. It is safe 
to say that more than half the 
men in the Thirty -seventh 
Regiment were killed or seri- 
ously wounded. Col. Ward 
says: "My old Company *A' 
was composed of strong, young 
men, the flower of Ripley 
county, Indiana — 101 strong. Before their time of 
service expired thirty -four of them were in their graves." 
Yet Terrell's report only names twenty-four as having 
been killed in battle, or died of disease. But after all, 
if our Regiment did not suffer enough it was because it 
did not have the opportunity. It was actively engaged 
in thirteen hard fought battles, including Stone river, 
Chickamauga, Resaca, Pumpkinvine creek and twice at 
Rocky Face ridge and Buzzard Roost, and conducted 
itself heroically in every one of them. 

John A. Cowan, Co. K. 
Richland. Ind. 


And now, comrades, in closing permit me to say 
that I know that you have comrades who could in writ- 
ing this history have done you and your grand old Regi- 
ment more nearly justice than I have done, but I have 
done the best I could. I am greatly indebted to our 
comrades, Col. W. D. Ward and Leroy Roberts for the 
copious and elegantly written facts which they furnished 
me. In conclusion I will say I know that the three 
score and ten years allotted to man will soon be reached 
by most of you, and that the remaining years which may 
be given you, will, by reason of the hardships of war, the 
wounds received in battle and the increase of years be 
years of "labor and sorrow." 

Yet, if the dates which I have given you in this 
attempted history, and the facts which I have so tamely, 
and sometimes inelegantly expressed, shall in recalling 
to your minds any of the sad or happy incidents of these 
three long years of your youth, valor and patriotism, be 
a source of any pleasure or profit to you, as you go on to 
join your comrades who have answered the roll call on 
the "other shore," I shall be abundantly compensated 
for all the time and labor the writing of this unpreten- 
tious little volume has cost me. 

In conclusion, comrades, let us now and in the 
future, as in the day when our Regimental line melted 
before the fiery breath of battle, take a look at our flag, 
the bonniest flag the sunlight of heaven ever kissed, and 
close up our thinning ranks by dressing to the center till 
the last old patriot of the Thirty-seventh Indiana has 
been called from time to eternity. 

• • *• • • •••• 

• . • •••• 

• •' • 

• ••• • • •• •• 

Versailles, Ind. 


Capt. Charles C. Short, Co. A. 
Lawrenceburg. Ind. 

Capt. Charles C. Short enlisted in Co. A, Thirty - 
seventh Indiana Infantry, Aug. 20th, 1861, and went into 
camp at Lawrenceburg, Ind. ; left the State as Commissary 
Sergeant ; afterward commissioned Regimental Quarter- 
master. The 26th day of April, 1862, he was com- 
missioned Second Lieutenant in the Thirty-seventh 
Hegiment, Co. A. The 22d day of February, 1863, he 
was commissioned First Lieutenant in same Regiment. 
The 9th day of December, 1863, he was commissioned 
Captain. He was born June 16th, 1834: died Sept. 
21st, 1881. 


"Hold the Fort for I am Coming"— A Thirty-scvcntli 
Man Did It. 

The occasion which gave rise to that once famous 
hymn is believed to be as follows : Lieut J. H. Connelly, of 
Co. I, Thirty-seventh Indiana, whose portrait is on page 
87, was transferred to the signal service. His widow 
copies and sends me the following notes written by her 
husband while on duty in the army; "Hood moved 
from his position south of Atlanta, and placed his army 
between Sherman's army and their supplies at Chatta- 
nooga. The enemy had destroyed the Western and 
Atlantic railroad as far as Allatoona. At 9 o'clock a. m., 
Oct. 5th, 1864, (ien. French's division, having made the 
destruction of the railroad complete to that place, at- 
tacked Allatoona, and after a furious fight of five hours^ 
was driven away severely punished. During the day 
of the fight we had as visitors to Kennesaw mountain, 
Gen. Sherman and five other general officers of less note." 
Lieut. Connelly's station was on Kennesaw. The follow- 
ing is the message which is supposed to have given rise 
to the song, "Hold the fort," and which was signaled by 
Lieut. Connelly to Allatoona : 

"Oct. 5th, '64. From headquarters. 

Tell Allatoona hold on. Gen. Sherman says he is 
working hard for you. W. T. Shehman, Maj. Gen." 

From this was put in verse the song, "Hold the fort." 
Among the papers of her deceased husband^ Mrs. Con- 


nelly found the following letter from Gen. Sherman to 
Secretary of War Staunton. The following 18 from the 
copy she sends : 

He said "When the enemy had cut our lines and 
actually made a lodgement on our railroad about Big 
Shanty, the signal officers on Vinning's hill, Kennesaw 
and Allatoona, sent my orders to Gen. Corse at Rome, 
whereby Gen. Corse was enabled to reach Allatoona 
just in time to defend it. Had it not been for the 
service of this corps on that occasion, I am satisfied we 
should have lost the garrison at Allatoona, and a most 
valuable depository of provisions there which were 
worth to me and the country more than the aggregate 
expense of the whole signal corps for one year.'' 

James H. Connelly was brevetted First Lieutenant 
for gallant conduct at the battle of Allatoona. That 
was signed by Andrew Johnson. 


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Sergeant Major — 
Connelly, James H., promoted to Second Lieutenant 
Co. I. 

Commissary Sergeant — 
Short, Charles C, promoted to Second Lieutenant Co. A. 

Hospital Stewart — 
Lupton, George, discharged Dec. 28, ^6L 

Principal Musicians — 
Gorsuch, Joseph B., mustered out March 16, '62 ; No- 
wotney, John I., mustered out May 3, '62; band 
mustered out early in '62; Hunter, Alfred G. ; Ellis, 
Edwin ; Lawless, P. J. ; Watkins, Green S. ; Bennie, 
John; Pullman, William W. ; Price, Joel B. ; Brison, 
Hugh; Mix, S. M.; Shellenberger, William D.; 
Hope, John S. ; Passel, George W. ; Bardwell, Mil- 
ner; Evans, James; Glasgow, W. R.; Hamlin, Omer; 
Huids, Francis M. ; Jenning, William W. ; Johnson, 
Benjamin F. ; Murphy, James S.; Picket, Ira B. ; 
Schofield, Eden C. ; Soper, Melville H ; Stewart, 
W. K. 

Enlisted Men of Co. A. 

First Sergeant — 

Sage, John, promoted to Second Lieutenant. 
Sergeants — 

Elrod, William D., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Kirk, Thomas, veteran, promoted to First Lieutenant. 

Firth, Luke, veteran. 

Brown, John. 
Corporals — 

Grossman, John, died of wounds received in action. 

Lane, Henry, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Stockwell, John, veteran. 


Powell, James M. 

Smitha A. W. 

Pendergast, William P., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Louis, William H., died of wounds received in action. 

Casteter, Ira, veteran. 
Musicians — 

Jemison, Elias, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Campbell, Lewis, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 
Wagoner — 

Titus, John. 
Privates — 

Albright, Joseph, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Alfrey, Henry, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Austin, John, died Feb. 25, '62. 

Austin, Wesley, died at Elizabethtown, Ky., Dec. 6, '61. 

Bailey, Wilson, veteran. 

Bebee, James, killed at Stone river. 

Benham, John, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Benham, Shedrack, died at Elizabethtown, Ky., Jan. 
4, '62. 

Bruner, Oliver, died of wounds received in action. 

Buckhannan, George. 

Buckhannan, John. 

Caplinger, Jacob M., veteran. 

Cole, William, veteran. 

Copeland, Smith W. 

Craven, Thomas. 

Craven, Wesley, veteran. 

Curran, James. 

Curran, Newton, veteran. 

Custer, Jethro, died at Bacon creek, Kentucky, 
Jan. 31, '62. 

Dunlap, Albert G., killed in action. 

Durman, James, discharged Jan. 20, '63. 

Ent, Asher, died at Elizabethtown, Ky., Dec. 10, '61. 


French, Peter. 

French, John. 

(lary, Imlac E., mastered out Oct. 27, '64. 

(lookins, Harrison, veteran, died at Savannah, Ga., 
Jan. 10, '65. 

(Grecian, Isaac, veteran Co. A. 

Ilannars, John, veteran. 

Harmon, David, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Harper, James, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Hasting, James, died at Elizabethtown, Ky., De- 
cember, '61. 

Hasty, John, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Harvey, James, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Heller, John, killed in action. 

Herndon, Benjamin, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Hess, Theodore, veteran. 

Hicks, Jphn W., died of wounds received in action. 

Hyatt, Shedrack, discharged Dec. 12, '61, disability. 

Jackson, Lemuel, killed in action. 

Jackson, Rufus. 

Johnson, Erastus, died March 15, '62. 

Kelly, Charles F., died Feb. 20, '62. 

Kelly, Daniel, killed in railroad accident. 

Kelly, Lafayette, died at Grayville, Ga., April 11, '64. 

Kelly, Silas. 

Kelly, William, veteran. 

Kirk, John W., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

T^aswell, John. 

Laswell, Thomas. 

Main, Josephus. 

Mathey, Charles, died at Chattanooga, Tenn., Dec. 5, '6.S. 

May, Samuel S., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

McCasky, John H., discharged Dec. 5, '62. 

McCasky, William F. 

McKitrick, Ludlow, died of wounds received in 


Moncrief, John B.; discharged March 12, '63. 
Moreland, Jesse G., died of wounds received in 

Morrow, James, died at Elizabethtown, Ky., Dec. 

5, '61. ^ 

Myers, James C, veteran. 

Myers, George A., died of wounds received in action. 
Northern, James H., discharged Feb. 9, '63. 
Osborn, Joseph C. 

Papet, Samuel, died at Louisville, Jan. 15, '62. 
Pardum, Leander, died June 5, '62. 
Parsons, William, transferred to signal corps Oct. 

22, '63. 
Payton, John C, veteran. 
Pendergast, Hiram, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 
Ross, William L., killed in action. 
Shook, Abraham, discharged, disability, July 24, '62. 
Smith, Orsain, mustered out Oct. 27, /64. 
Spears, Joseph J., veteranized. 
Stage, Theodore, died at ElizabethtOAvn, Ky., Dec. 

18, '61. 
Sutton, Reuben, veteran. 
Swing, Jeremiah, veteranized. 
Titus, Harvey, died Oct. 21, '62, accidental wounds. 
Vayhinger, EdAvin, died at Elizabethtown, Ky., Dec. 

8, '61. 
Waylan, William A., veteranized. 
Westover, William, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 
Williamson, Stephen, died at Murfreesboro, Feb. 3, '63. 
Wright, (xeorge, veteranized. 
Wright, James. 
Young, Amaziah. 
Recruits — 

Ward, Jonathan 15., mustered out Dec. Ki, '64. 


Craven, John. 
Allen, William. 
Delap, Nathaniel. 
Mavlty, Samuel. 

Enlisted Men of Co. B.^ 

First Sergeant — 

Morffitt, Charles W., dlschari^ed May 29, '62, disability. 
Sergeants — 

Stoner, Jacob W., promoted to Second Lieutenant. 

Colter, James, veteranized. 

Price, John S., discharged, disability. 

Davis, Marion, veteranized. 
Corporals — 

Goudie, J. A. H., discharged, disability, March 21, '63. 

Davison, John A., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Barnard, James C, veteranized. 

Winnins, William F., veteranized. 

Ailes, Fletcher W., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Wiley, Spencer, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Graw, George C, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Brown, James E., transferred V. R. C. 
Musicians — 

Barlow, William H. H. 

Marquet, Jacob, veteranized. 
Wagoner — 

Sherman, A.,I , mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 
Privates — 
Anderson, Lucius L., veteranized. 
Alford, William, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 
Bassett, William J., transferred V. R. C. 
Bassett, Charles H., discharged, loss of speech, Julv 
15, '62. ^ 

Baker, Joshua, veteranized. 
Barnard, Oliver W., veteranized. 


Bartlow, James H., veteranized. 

Bell, Selby, discharged Aug. 24, '63. 

Bell, Andrew M., veteranized. 

Bloom, George, veteranized. 

Bloom, William P. 

Bowers, Myer, veteranized. 

Bowen, Thomas J., veteranized. 

Britton, Alfred I)., discharged, disability, Jan. 14, '63. 

Burrus, George K,, mastered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Burns, Matthew B., died. 

Case, Barion L., transferred Sig. C, Oct. 22, '63. 

Clark, Henry I)., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Cuchsondoll'er, John, discharged Nov. 26, '62. 

Curtis, IjOvI S., discharged, disability, Feb. 4, '62. 

Davison, Lewis A., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Kgbert, Josiah, died Dec. 31, '62, of wounds. 

Fisk, William, died of wounds. 

Forrow, Martin H., veteranized. 

Foster, Ellis W., veteranized. 

Freeman, John P. 

Gard, Daniel H., died at Nashville, Tenn., April 19, '62. 

Guyer, John H., veteranized. 

George, James D., discharged, disability, July 2, '63. 

(iraper, William F., veteranized. 

(ifob, Michael, veteranized. 

Green, James A., veteranized. 

Harvey, William W., veteranized. 

Hern, William F. 

.Higdon, Eli W., diischarged, disability, Nov 26, '62. 

Hollingsworth, Joseph, veteranized. 

Hollingsworth, Joel, died at Elizabethtown, Ky., Dec. 

17, '61. 
Hoffman, John, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 
Hoffman, George, died at Boar Creek Doc. 30, 'fil. 
Kempker, William L., veteranized. 


Kelly, Reuben, died. 

Kruse, Frederick, mustered out Oct. 27, '(U. 
Lewis, Xathan, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 
Lynu, James H., discharged, disability, Dec. 26, '62. 
Maple, John M., discharged, disability. May 9, '62. 
Magoon, Josiah, transferred Sig. C, Oct. 22, '63. 
Miller, Herman, died. 

Mitchell, Daniel, discharged, disability, '62. 
Moor. Brice B. 

Morgan, James M., discharged Nov. 27, '62. 
Morrow, James, discharged Feb. 27, '62, disability. 
Morgan, Samuel, discharged Feb. 27, '62, disability. 
Miller, Samuel V., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 
Montgomery, Samuel, discharged Aug. 11, '62, dis- 
McCon, John, discharged Xov. 28, '62. 
McCrady, John, died at Murfreesboro, Tenn. 
McCuUum, Edward, veteranized. 
McKnight, William J., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 
Nutt, Levi, veteranized. 
Phillips, Eli, veteranized. 
Roberts, Francis M., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 
Rodgers, George W., killed at Stone river Dec. 31, '62. 
Rose, Allen C, discharged July 11, '63. disability. 
Rodgers, William P., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 
Rolf, Walter C, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 
Skinner, William H., transferred V. R. C. '63. 
Smalley, Elbert M., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 
Smith, James, veteranized. 
Scudder, R. M. 

Snyder, Isaac N., killed at Stone river Dec. 31, '62, 
Stewart, James M., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 
Thompson, Samuel, veteranized. 
Vanmeter, Thomas G., veteranized. 
Williams, James, discharged Oct. 9, '62, disability. 


Weidner, William, veteran. 

Wolstonholm, John, veteranized. 

Winans, Frazer N., veteranized. 

Wilkinson, Isaac, veteranized. 

Walker, Hiram L. A., discharged Feb. 7, '62, dis- 

Weston, Hiram J., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Yates, Joseph, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Young, Sandford, died at Andersonville, Ind., Feb. 
25, '62. 

Enlisted Men of Co. C. 
First Sergeant — 

Ewan, James 8. 
Sergeants — 

Henry, John S., promoted Second Lieutenant. 

McKinney, Samuel, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Carver, Socrates, promoted Second Lieutenant. 

Hodshire, James M., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 
Corporals — 

Wheeler, Levi E. 

Buck, Peter. 

Day, Mitchell H., veteranized. 

Carney, Joseph W. 

Doyle, William, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

(xrinstead, Henry P. 

Kelly, Robert J., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Green, Isaiah, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 
Musicians — 

Rogers, A. 

Reser, William. 
Wagoner — 

Rockey, Nathan. 
Privates — 

Baker, Stephen, veteranized. 

Blanch ard. Chapman, 


Caray, Patrick, discharjj^ed Dec. 30, ^62, disability. 

Child, Edwin R., veteranized. 

Chamberlain, Francis W., veteranized. 

Cole, James W., discharged Aug. 6, '62, disability. 

Cole, William J., discharged April 21, '62, disability. 

Cooper, Eli, died at Huntsville, Ala., Sept. 6, '62. 

Curtis, N. H., discharged March 5, '62. 

Davis, Robert, discharged April 21, '63, disability. , 

Davidson, Robert, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Edwards, Robert H., veteranized. 

Emmert, William, veteranized. 

Emmert, Jacob. 

Ferren, James A. C. 

Ferren, John H., died at Bacon creek, Ky., Dec. 29, '61. 

Fisk, Brower. 

Force, Benjamin, veteranized. 

Force, Nelson K., veteranized. 

Fowler, William, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

(ioltry, Jacob F., veteranized. 

Goltry, David, veteranized. 

Gorbert, John, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Gordon, Thomas, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Gordon, Richard S., discharged Feb. 19, '63. 

Grinstead, Henry P., died at Bacon creek, Kentucky, 

Jan. 5, '62. 
Hammond, William, discharged Feb. 4, '62, disability. 
Hankins, Joshua, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 
llirsh, Jacob, discharged Xov. 26, '62. 
Henson, John, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 
Jackson, O. P. 

Johnson, William F., veteranized. 
Justis, Lewis. 

Kinnet, Wiley, veteranized. 
Kinnet, James, mustered out Oct. 27, '61. 
Kinnet, Abraham, veteranized. 


Land, Samuel, discharged Jan. 23, '63. 

Lackner, Joseph, died at Elizabethto wn, Ky., Dec. 14, '61. 

Lawler, John. 

Long, Woodson, veteranized. 

Liggett, Edwin, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Myer, Henry, discharged Jan. 14, '63. 

McGuire, Michael, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

McKay, George. 

McLain, Robert, veteranized. 

McLain, Tilford, veteranized. 

Minor, Joseph, veteranized. 

Meek, James H., veteranized. 

Moore, George, discharged Feb. 3, '64, disability. 

Morgan, Isaac N., veteranized. 

Moulton, Christopher. 

Morton, John, veteran. 

Myers, William V., discharged June 19, '62, disability. 

Jackson, (). P. 

Pate, James. 

Pate, Benjamin F., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Phillips, William, veteranized. 

Powell, Joseph, veteran. 

Prebel, John F., died at Bacon creek, Kentucky, Jan. 

5, '62. 
Prebel, Jesse A., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 
Reser, Lewis, died at Chattanooga Oct. 26, '63. 
Rice, Cyrus, died at Bacon creek, Kentucky, Dec. 

25, '61. 
Rice, Lafayette W. 
Rice, Archy S. 

Reser, Marselles, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 
Ross, William W., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 
Roszell, Thomas, veteranized. 
Smith, Parker. 
Stegamiller, William F., veteran. 


Strieker, Michael W., discharged Nov. 27, '62. 

Strieker, Peter, discharged Nov. 26, '62. 

Sprigerhoff, Frederick, mastered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Taturn, Samuel, discharged Feb. 12, '63. 

Tincher, Robert, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Tumelty, John, transferred to V. R. C. 

Underwood, Nathan, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Ummensetts, John, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

I'tt, Andrew J., discharged March 5, '63. 

Vogan, George VV., veteranized. 

Warg, Silas, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Whitcomb, Lyman, veteranized. 

Wheeler, James H., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Wiley, Jerome B., died at Shelby ville, Tenn , June 
13, '63. 

Enlisted Men of Co. D. 
First Sergeant — 

Pye, William IL, promoted Second Lieutenant. 
Sergeants — 

Cowan, George W , promoted Second Lieutenant. 

Vansickle, Andrew, discharged May 15, '63, disability. 

Johnson, David L , discharged Sept. 16, '63, disability. 

Stuart, J asper, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 
Corporals — 

Wilson, Robert P., transferred to Tel. Sig. Corps Oct 
22, '63. 

Hamilton, Thomas, discharged April 24, '63, disability. 

Craig, John P., discharged May 2, '^^2, disability. 

Loughridge, Henry H., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Lowe, Simon I)., killed at Wartrace, Tenn , Sept. 
2, '63. 

Day, Mahlon, veteranized. 

Andrews, Isaac H., veteranized. 
Musicians — 
. Babcock, Monroe, discharged Jan. 17, '63, 


Dickson, Newton, veteranized. 
Wagoner — 

Piles, John, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 
Privates — 

Andrews, Joseph, discharged Oct. '61. 

Ash, George W., discharged Dec. 27, '62, disability. 

Abbott, Junius, transferred to Fourth U. S. Cavalry. 

Burns, Montalban, died at Bacon creek, Kentucky, 
Feb. 21, '62. 

Buchanan, George, mustered out Oct. 27, '64, 

Buchanan, John, veteranized. 

Brown, Marion, discharged Jan. 5, '63, disability. 

Brown, Harrison, veteran. 

Brown, James P., veteran. 

Callicott, Henry L., died at Elizabeth town, Ky., Dec. 
14, '62 

Cady, Maly S., discharged May 15, '63, disability. 

Coony, John, veteranized. 

Clark, John, transferred to Fourth U. S. Cavalry 
Nov. 27, '62. 

Cochran, Levi, veteranized. 

CoUes, John, veteranized. 

Crain, Cornelius E., veteranized. 

Cruser, Christian, died at Nashville Nov. 22, '62. 

Corbin, Philip, veteranized. 

Caplinger, Henry, veteranized. 

Davis, Gilford D., veteranized. 

Denny, Charles C, died at Nashville Nov. 17, '62. 

Dearinger, Francis M., discharged Aug. 20, '63, dis- 

Davis, William C., discharged April 7, '63, disability. 

Edens, Ezekiel, veteranized. 

French, Thomas, veteranized. 

Francisco, Obediah A., veteranized. 

Gallager, Alexander, veteranized. 


Gray, Thomas, veteranized. 

Gaskins, Thomas B., mustered out Oct. 7, '()4:. 

Griffith, William, died May 7, '62. 

Hall, Silas, killed at Stone river Dec. 31, '62. 

Hall, George, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Hallett, John, veteranized. 

Hull, Oran, discharged June 11, '62, disability. 

Hoffmaster, Frederick, veteranized 

Hamilton, Joseph, died at Huntsville, Ala., June 9, '62. 

Hamilton, William, veteranized. 

Hollensbee, Edward, veteranized. 

Hanna, David, veteranized. 

Jones, Stephen, veteranized. 

Knowlton, Samuel, mustered out Oct. 27, T4 

Lawrence, Thomas, killed in action at Big Shanty, 

Ga , June 3, '64. 
Lutz, Abraham, mustered out Oct. 27, '64 
Lowe, Lewis, veteranized. 
Love, George W., veteranized. 
Leads, James, wounded at Pumpkinvine, captured 

and died at Atlanta, Ga. 
Lockridge, Moody J., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 
McCuen, Arthur Sr., discharged Feb. 4, '63, disability. 
McCuen, Arthur Jr., killed at Stone river Dec 31, '62. 
Morgan, Warren, veteranized. 
Martin, Jeremiah, discharged Dec. 5, '61, disability. 
McNew, John J., veteranized. 
May, John K., mustered out Oct. 27. '64. 
Meulbarger, William H., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 
Munger, Washington, died at Louisville, Ky., Feb. 

3, '63. 
Newberry, Granville, veteranized. 
Oliver, Nicholas, killed at Stone river Dec. 31, '62. 
Packett, Benjamin, died at Louisville, Ky., April 16, '62. 
Redlon, Eben, died at Louisville, Ky., Jan. 11, '62. 


Ruby, John P., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Robert, James, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Robert, John, mustered out Oct. 27, '(U. 

Risinger, Washington, died at Hacon creek, Ken- 
tucky, Jan. 5, '62. 

Sanders, (leorge, veteranized. 

Btarkey, Thomas, veteranized. 

Shook, Jeremiah D., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Small wood, James, died at Elizabeth town, Ky.. 
June 1, '62. 

Stevens, Benjamin, veteranized. 

Stevens, William. 

Stevens, Isaac, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Snedaker, Christian, mustered out Oct. 27, '()4. 

Stark, Thomas, veteranized. 

Stark, Benjamin, veteranized. 

Signer, William C., died at Nashville, Tenn., April 
8, '62. 

Suits, Charles C, died at Shelbyville, Tenn., June 
20, '62. 

Sage, Elihu, veteranized. 

Thackery, William B., discharged Nov. 27, '62, disability. 

Thackery, Selecter, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Vankirk, William, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Whitaker, John, died at Olean, Ind., April 18, '62. 

Webster, Lysander, transferred to V. R. C. 

Wagoner, Jacob, transferred to Fourth U. S. Cavalry. 

Wise, James, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Wehr, Joshua, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Enlisted Men of Co. E. 

First Sergeant — 

Harvey, William B., promoted Adjutant. 
Sergeants — 

Ford, LTafayette, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 


Perry, Thomas B., discharged Aug. 8, '63. 

Raynes, Will A., died at Elizabethtown, Ky., Dec. 
30, '61. 

Hungate, George W., promoted Second Lieutenant. 
Whitlow, William A., transferred to V. R. C. Nov. 1,' 63. 

Guthrie, Philip S., died at Bacon creek, Kentucky, 
Feb. 13, '62. 

Ballard, Daniel J., mustered out Oct. 27, '64 

Cook, Abraham B., veteranized. 

Sherman, Charles W., discharged May 26, '63. 

Sidener, Martin F., discharged June 1, '62. 

Gully, James W., discharged Jan. 1, '63. 

Barnes, Wesley N., discharged Jan. 1, '63. 
Musicians — 

Butler, Nicholas A., died at Washington, D. C, Oct. 
22, '62. 

Stopper, William, veteranized. 
Wagoner — 

Price, Benjamin F., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 
Privates — 

Adkins, James G., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Adkins, Wesley H., discharged Jan. 20, '63. 

Ballard, Columbus, transferred to V, R. C. Nov. 
1, 1863. 

Barton, Joshua, mustered out Oct. 27, '64, Corporal. 

Beck, Frederick, veteranized. 

Bowling, Hiram, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Brooks, Martin, died at Macon, Ga., Aug. 20, '62. 

Brooks, Lewis C, veteranized. 

Buffi ngton, George W., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Buell, Matthew, discharged July 12, '62, disability. 

Carter, Thomas H., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Clark, William E., discharged Feb. 4, '63. 

Connet, Albert B., mustered out Oct. 27, '64.* 


Cook, Andrew J., veteranized. 

Coleman, Edward, discharged Nov. 12, '62. 

Conner, Reuben H., discharged June 1, '62. 

Conner, James R., killed in battle May 9, '62. 

Cox, James, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Christler, William J., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Creed, Howard, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Davidson, Samuel, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Deen, William, died at Bacon creek, Ky., Feb. 22, '62. 

Enofsminger, Andrew, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Eubanks, George H., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Favour, Robert, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Fleming, George W., discharged July 27, '63. 

Ford, Joseph, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Ford, Benjamin F., mustered out Oct. 27, 64. 

Garrett, Oscar M., discharged Jan. 27, '63. 

Glass, John T., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Gullion, George W., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Hanger, James A. 

Heaton, Robert F., killed in battle May 9, '62. 

Hogan, Henry, mustered out Oct. 27, '6i. 

Hogan, Charles, died Oct. 19, '62. 

Hornice, Gideon, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Hughes, Addison, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Hunt, Charles T., discharged July 12, '62. 

Johnson, James T., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Jordon, James, killed in battle May 9, '62. 

Knapp, Abram, veteranized. 

Knight, Thaddeus V., discharged Jan. 22, '63. 

Lewis, Stephen, discharged Nov. 30, '62. 

Lewis, James C, discharged Jan. 6, '64. 

Martin, Milton, veteranized. 

Marsh, Willard R., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Maharry, Jacob, died at Murfreesboro in April 1, '63. 

Marks, Jos. A., died at Elizabethtown, Ky., Dec. 18, '61. 


McKeeon, William, veteranized. 

McKee, James C, veteranized. 

McXeely, Bert, veteranized. 

Morgan, John T., killed in battle May 9, '62. 

Neeb, Jacob W., discharged Nov. 27, '62. 

Parson, John, mastered out Oct. 27, '64, Corporal. 

Price, Dudley, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

liichy, William, died at Chattanooga, Tenn., Aug. 

10, '64. 
Rickets, p]noch, discharged. 
Scull, Arthur ()., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 
Scull, Alfred C, killed in battle May 9, '64. 
Slifer, Philip, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 
Slifer, John, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 
Smawley, Reuben, died at Bacon creek, Kentucky, 

Feb. 13, '62. 
Smawley, Lewis, discharged Dec. 1, '63, 
Smith, John H., discharged Aug. 11, '62. 
Smith, Benjamin R., discharged Jan. 2, '64. 
Stogsdell, John B., died at Macon, Ga., Oct. 14, '64. 
Stark, Bethuel G., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 
Swango, Solomon, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 
Tevis, Thomas S., died at Charlotte, N. C, Oct. 12, '62. 
Tillison, James, discharged Aug. 1, wounds received 

in battle. 
Thompson, William H., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 
Tractwell, James, died at Elizabethtown, Ky., Dec. 

19, '61. 
Walker, Lafayette, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 
Wells, Samuel, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 
Whitlow, Buckner C, discharged Aug. 1, '62, wounds 

received in battle. 
Wilson, Milton M., veteranized. 
Wimber, James, died at Bacon creek, Kentucky, 

Dec. 30, '61. 


Wilder, Wesley, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Wooley, James H., veteranized. 

Wooters, Albert, died at Bacon creek, Kentucky, 

Jan. 9, '62. 
Wolverton, John F., veteranized. 
Wood, Thomas J., veteranized. 
Recruits — 
Stevens, Thomas J., transferred V. R. C. 
Scott, Samuel, transferred Thirty-seventh Regiment 

Woodard, Charles W., transferred Thirty -seventh 

Regiment re-organized. 

Enlisted Men of Co. F. 

First Sergeant — 

Speer, William, promoted Second Lieutenant. 
Sergeants — 

Hoover, William I., mustered out Oct. 27, '64, as 
Commissary Sergeant. 

Barnhart, Joseph I., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Passel, James L., veteran, promoted Captain U. S. C. T. 

Cole, Eleazer, mustered out Oct. 27, '64, as First 
Corporals — 

Wallace, William H., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Spencer, John F., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Richardson, Josiah, mustered out Oct. 27, '64, as 
First Sergeant. 

Hoover, George S., died at Dillsborough April 21, '63. 

Hundley, William, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Gray, James, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Ayers, William, died at Dillsborough March 31, '62. 

Pearson, John, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 
Musicians — 

Meyer. Adam, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 


Shott, Ezekiel, discharged Jan. 29, '63, disability. 
Wagoner — 

Shutts, Aaron, discharged April '63, disability. 
Privates — 

Ard, Jacob, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Acre, Thomas, discharged July 31, '62, disability. 

Busby, John P., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Beall, Isaac, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Beck, Foster, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Burroughs, James L., killed at Stone river Dec. 31, '62. 

Burroughs, George, discharged Feb. 20, '63, wounds. 

Bruce, John T. 

Beall, John, died at Louisville, Ky., March 3, '63. 

Carnine, James M., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Craven, Henry, killed at Stone river Dec. 31, '62. 

Daniel, James, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Danfort, Robert, discharged June 18, '62, disability. 

Gordon, William H., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Green, William, discharged Sept. 16, '63, disability. 

Gankroger, Hartley, transferred to V. R. C. 

Gloyd, William, died. 

Goddart, John F., killed at Stone river Dec. 31, '62. 

Headly, George, discharged April 13, '63, disability. 

Hess, Matthias, discharged April 17, '63, disability. 

Hair, David H., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Herndon, Samuel, died at Nashville, Tenn., Jan. 
16, '63, wounds. 

Hess, Samuel W., died at Nashville, Tenn., Sept. 8, 
'62, wounds. 

Heaton, John P., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Jennings, Thomas A., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Knowles, Robert T., discharged, disability. 

Knowles, William F., discharged July 28, '62, dis- 

Kirk, John J., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 


Kincaid, George, discharged Aug. 7, '62, disability. 

Kolkmire, Henry, discharged Oct. 18, '62, disability. 

Kile, John H., died at Nashville, Tenn., Oct. 28, '62. 

Lenover, George, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Lemon, John T., discharged April 17, '63, disability. 

Lenover, Benjamin, killed at Dallas, Ga., May 27, '64. 

Lazure, Elias, discharged March 12, '63, disability. 

Leiker, William F., discharged Nov. 29, '62. 

Mitchell, George S., discharged March 5, '63, dis- 

Morford, Squire T., discharged Feb. 6, '62, disability. 

Martin, John, discharged Jan. 14, '63, disability. 

Morgan, Jacob 8., discharged April 17, '63, disability. 

Martin, Solon, died at Louisville, Ky., March 7, '62. 

Munson, Alfred G. 

McDonald, Philip. 

Newberry, Edward, mustered out Oct. 27, '64.' 

Parker, John, died at Bacon creek, Kentucky, Jan. 5, '62. 

Palmer, John, died at Jeffersonville, Iiid., June 15, '64. 

Palmer, James, died at Chattanooga, Tenn., June 
11, '64. 

Palmer, Stephen W., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Proctor, Thomas, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Roberts, Leroy, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Rowland, William, discharged March 30, '63, wounds. 

Ruble, George, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Roberts, Samuel, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Spencer, Augustus E., died at Tullahoma, Tenn., 
Aug. 8, '63. 

Smith, John G., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Shutts, James H., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Shutts, Abram, discharged May 27, '64. 

Sanks, George W., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Sproug, William H., died at Gallatin, Tenn., Jan. 
13, '63. 


Banks, Daniel, killed at Stone river Dec. 31, '62. 
Sweazy, John M., veteran, transferred to U. 8. 

Engineer July 24 '64. 
Smith, Samuel C, killed at Stone river Dec. 31, '62. 
Smith, Charles B., died at Elizabethtown, Ky., Dec. 

11, '61. 
Shepherd, John M., died at Fluntsville, Ala., 

May 11, '62. 
Stafford, John, discharged Nov. 25, '62. 
Stewart, Charles, killed at Stone river Dec. 31, '62. 
Shipman, William H., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 
Shull, William J., died Jan. 2, '63, wounds. 
Teake, John, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 
Tate, George discharged July 31, '62, disability. 
Thomas, Thomas, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 
Vandolah, Joseph C, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 
Vldito, Willis, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 
Vandolah, Joseph, mustered out Oct. 27, '64, prisoner. 
Withrow, John Q. A., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 
Wilson, John, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 
Wilson, William T., mustered out Oct. 27, '64, Corporal. 
Warner, Marcus D., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 
White, William, died at Nashville, Tenn., Jan. 17, '63. 
Winter, Henry F., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 
Weitzel, Henry M., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 
Ilecruits — 
Brumley, Charles W., died at Nashville, Tenn., Jan. 

31, '62. 
Godert, John (t., killed at Dallas, Ga., May 27, '64. 
Maritz, William K., discharged Feb. 3, '63, disability. 
Shedrick, Johnson, died at Murfreesboro July 24, '64. 

Enlisted Men of Co. G. 

First Sergeant — 

DeArmond, James M. 


Sergeants — 

Baughinan, William H., promoted Second Lieutenant. 

Lee, Aaron S., mustered out Oct. 27. ^64. 

Hetrick, John S., mustered out Oct. 27, ^64. 

Clendening, James S., died in Kentucky Jan. 13, '62. 
Corporals — 

Bartow, John W., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Gray, John M., discharged Feb. 6„ 63, disability. 

Gray, Philetus M., died at Xashville, Tenn., Feb. 
13, '63. 

Hinds, James ,},, discharged Sept. 23, '64. 

Keen, Peter, killed at Stone river Dec. 31, '62. 

Bayles, Samuel R., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Baker, Oliver B., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Bowe, Samuel B., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 
Musicians — 

Fox, John II., veteranized. 

Shields, Samuel C, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 
Wagoner — 

Keeler, Ira M., veteranized. 
Privates — 

Allen, Robert, discharged March 14, '63, disability. 

Anthony, Henry, died at Murfreesboro, Tenn., 
April 9, '63. 

Armstrong, James T., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Abbott, Oscar, died at Louisville, Ky., Jan. 12. '62. 

Adams, Charles G., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Adams, Wilson W., discharged Oct. 4, '62, disability. 

Barbour, Samuel, discharged Feb. 19, '63, disability. 

Brady, Isaac N., died at Springfield, Ind., Feb. 27, '63. 

Burk, Coleman S , died June 6, '64, of wounds re- 
ceived at Dallas, Ga. 

Bals, Philip, discharged Xov. 27, '62. 

Cochran, William II., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Clendening, Adisoii W., died in Kentucky Jan. 5, '62. 


Conery, Dennis W., died Jan. 27, '63, of wounds 
received at Stone river. 

Coen, Marion, discliarged Jan. 30, '63. 

Craiof, William R., killed at Stone river Dec. 31, '62. 

Eckley, Edward, discharged July 14, '62. 

Fisher, James A., veteranized. 

Finley, George W., discharged March 26, '63, dis- 

Gamber, John, veteranized. 

Gray, David H., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Greenlee, James S., veteranized. 

Golladay, Thomas T, died at Nashville, Tenn., 
March 25, *63 

Goshorn, Wilson N., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Glisson, Elisha E , killed at Dallas, Ga., May 27, '64. 

George, Atwell, veteranized. 

Gordon, Frank, discharged in August, '62. 

Hinds, Benjamin F., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Hamlin, John, veteranized. 

Hannah, William T., died at Elizabethtown, Ky., 
Nov. 22, '61. 

Hannah, Thomas C , mustered out Oct. 27, 64 

Kelly, William, veteranized. 

Kelly, Ellis, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Keeler, John M., veteranized. 

Kennedy, John A., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Liming, William, veteranized. 

Luse, Robert H., discharged Sept. 4, '63, disability. 

Lynch, John P., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Millspaugh, William, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

McCaw, James S., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Mathews, Henry P., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Maddin, John, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Miller, John, veteranized. 

Miles, William, mustered out Oct, 27, '64. 


Proctor, Abram, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Roberts, William F., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Rowe, James P., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Reynolds, William M., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Scott, Joseph, veteranized. 

Stone, Henry, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Scofield, Edward, veteranized. 

Stout, Jefferson M., died at Louisville, Ky., Jan. 27, '62. 

Small, Edward, discharged May 26, '63, disability. 

Sutton, William, killed at Stone river Dec. 31, '62. 

Souter, Oswell, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Sickler, George M., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Snoddy, Robert J., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Selfridge, William R., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Sizelone, Joseph R., veteranized. 

Schaub, Frank, died at Louisville, Ky., Jan. 25, '62. 

True, Thomas F., veteranized. 

Thomas, Lewis, died at Louisville, Ky., Jan. 20, '62. 

Taylor, Squire A., transferred to Co. B Thirty-seventh 
Regiment re-organized. 

Viley, Isaac, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Woodapple, Charles E., discharged Jan. 20, '63. 

Weeks, John. 

Wood, John, discharged July 9, '62, disability. 

White, Eber C, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Welch, John, discharged Nov. 27, '62. 

Young, Charles J., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Zink, William H., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Zubrick, John, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 
Recruits — 

Bartlow, William H., transferi:ed to Co. B Thirty- 
seventh Regiment re-organized. 

Hetrick, James W., discharged April 21, '63, disability. 

Hamlin, Omer, transferred to Co. B Thirty-seventh 
Regiment re-organized. 


Larue, George X , transferred to Co. B Thirty-seventh 
Regiment re-organized. 

Lowes, Cyrenus S., transferred to Co. B Thirty -seventh 
Regiment re-organized. 

Millspaugh, George C, transferred to Co. B Thirty- 
seventh Regiment re-organized. 

Shafer, Henry J., transferred to Co. B Thirty-seventh 
Regiment re-organized. 

Vaness, Ephraim, discharged Nov. 27, '62. 

Enlisted Men of Co. H. 

First Sergeant — 

Burk, James H., died at Nashville, Tenn., July 9, 
'64, of wounds. 
Sergeants — 

Douglas, Jno. S , died at Chattanooga, Tenn., June 15, '64. 

Smith, Levi, dropped from the rolls Oct. 31, '62. 

Fowler, Benjamin D., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Hice, John L., promoted First Lieutenant. 
Corporals — 

Tevis, Augustus H., promoted Second Lieutenant. 

Proctor, Joel M., killed at Dallas, Ga., May 27, '64. 

Jones, John, died at Bowling Green, Ky., March 14, '62. 

Paul, John J., died at Camp Jackson, Tenn., 
March 5, '62. 

Roop, John M., discharged Feb. 9, '63, wounds. 

Sutton, David B., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Jackson, Cyrus A., discharged Oct. 4, '64, wounds. 

Garrison, Joseph W., transferred to V. R. C. Jan 15, '64. 
Musicians — 

Tyner, Isaac J., discharged June 5, '62, disability. 

Cunningham, James J., transferred to V. R. C. 
May 15, '64. 
Wagoner — 
Moor, Milton G., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 


Privates — 
Branton, Noah L.. mastered out Oct. 27, '64. 
Burk, William H., dropped from rolls Oct. 31, -62. 
Burk, Newton, discharged Dec. 1, '62, disability. 
Baldwin, William, transferred to Fourth U. 8. 

Buck, James^ died at Nashville, Tenn., Jan. 16, '63, 

Cowen, Squire H., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 
Cowen, Harrison, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 
Cowen, John, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 
Clark, Benjamin F., veteranized. 
Davis, Edward, discharged Nov. 27, '(^2, to enlist in 

U. 8. Cavalry. 
Dickson, Samuel, discharged June 3, '62, disability. 
Day, James C., discharged April 27, '63, disability. 
Douglas, David, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 
Demoss, Benjamin L., died at Murfreesboro May 4, '63. 
Day, Henry, died at Murfreesboro March 12, '63. 
Daily, Barton N., veteranized. 
Diggs, George C. W., died at Bowling Green, Ky., 

March 2, '62. 
£no8, Stephen, transferred V. R. C. Nov. 15, '63. 
Ewbanks, Robert, discharged March 27, '63, disability. 
Ford, William S., dropped from rolls Oct. 31, '62. 
Ford, Thomas S , died at Louisville, Ky., Feb. 19, '63. 
Ferguson, James P., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 
Fredinburg, Hiram, died at Evansville, Ind., Nov. 4, '63. 
Fry, Alfred, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 
Harper, Samuel, dropped from rolls Oct. 31, '63. 
Hunter, Lewis M., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 
Hoter, John, discharged Dec. 20, '62, disability. 
Hutchison, Jacob A., died at Murfreesboro Feb. 11, '63. 
Hunter, John, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 
Harry, Daniel, discharged Sept. 10, '63, disability. 


Uomsher, William, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 
Harrell, William, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 
Harrell, John 8 , discharged Oct. 18, '61, disability. 
Johnston, John A., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 
Laforge, William, died at Camp Jefferson, Ky., 

Jan. 5, '62. 
Moor, Martin, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 
McCracken, Francis F., discharged March 25, '63, 

Miller, Samuel, transferred to V. R. C Nov. 21, '63. 
Martin, Richard, dropped from rolls Oct. 31, '63. 
Murray, William R., killed at Murfreesboro, Ky., 

Dec. 31, '62. 
Miller, James, discharged Nov. 28, '62, to enlist in 

U. S. Cavalry. 
McClure, Samuel M., promoted Assistant Surgeon. 
Mitchell, James T., discharged Oct. 18, '62, disability. 
Owen, Anderson, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 
Patrick, Warren, discharged Jan. 14, '63, disability. 
Patrick, Elisha G., died at Hunteville, Ala., July 13, '62. 
Patrick, James, discharged Dec. 4, '62, disability. 
Pettit, James, discharged Aug. 5, '62. 
Peak, James W., killed at Dallas, Ga., May 27, '64. 
Robbins, Absalom, dropped from rolls Oct. 31, '62. 
Robbins, Harrison, killed at Murfreesboro Dec. 31, '62. 
Rutherford, Anderson, veteranized. 
Stonecypher, David, discharged June 6, '62, disability. 
Shattuck, Nathaniel, mustered out Oct. 27, '64, 
Stout, Theodore L., dropped from rolls Oct. 31, '62. 
Scott, James R., died at Nashville, Tenn., Oct. 9, '62. 
Shafer, William G., transferred to V. R. C. April 30, '62. 
Shera, Thomas W., died at Murfreesboro May 4, '63. 
Starrett, Benjamin, discharged July 9, '62. 
Shirk, Thomas A., mustered out Oct. 27, '64, as 



Shaw, Zemry, died at Murfreesboro April 14, '62. 
Steward, Henry J., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 
Snook, Martin J., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 
Thompson, William A., discharged Oct. 24, '63, 

Waggoner, Andrew, dropped from rolls. 
Williams, Samuel, killed at Murfreesboro Dec. 31, '62. 
Watson, Alfred, died at Chattanooga July 24, '64, 

Woodall, John D., discharged Aug. 27, '62, disability. 
Wimmer, John C, discharged June 20, '62, disability. 
Whittaker, Robert, discharged May 12, '63, disability. 
Yauger, Isaac, discharged Sept. 25, '61, disability. 
Recruits — 
Denham, Benjamin T., transferred to Thirty-seventh 

Regiment re-organized. 
Denham, James B., transferred to Thirty-seventh 

Regiment re-organized. 
Ward, James, transferred to Thirty -seventh Regiment 


Enlisted Men of Co. I. 

First Sergeant — 

Myers, George W., promoted Second Lieutenant. 
Sergeants — 

Bodine, Jeremiah M., veteranized. 

Huff, Robert B,, died at Murfreesboro Jan. 23, '63, 

Bodine, William A., discharged Oct. 9, '63, disability. 

Dunn, Isacc M., died at Louisville, Ky. 
Corporals — 

Meyer, Jacob, mustered out Oct. 27, '64, as First 

Bachert, Joseph, veteranized. 

Pernell, Robert K., veteranized. 

Ong, Theodore W., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 


Cox, Eli, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Owen, John J., veteranized. 

Jones, James B., discharged March 23, -63, disability. 

White, Thomas J., veteranized. 
Musicians — 

Pierce, John D., veteranized. 

Christopher, Michael J., veteranized. 
Wagoner — 

Tlarry, James, veteranized. 
Privates — 

Abercrombie, William. 

Amon, Frederick, veteranized. 

Alfred, Joshua, died June 27, '64, wounds. 

liodine, James A., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Burlbaw, John, veteranized. 

Burgdurfer, Ijouis, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Burlbaw, Nicholas, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Burchard, John H., discharged Oct. 18, '61. 

Brasher, Robert W., discharged July 22, '63. 

Childers, Ezekiel, discharged. 

Cross, James H., killed at Dallas May 27, '64. 

Cuppy, Henry H., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Carpenter, Oliver, veteranized. 

Cox, Thomas J. No. 1, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Camron, John, veteranized. 

Cox, Thomas J. No. 2, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Cox, William A., veteranized. 

DeArmond, Alfred. 

Dove, Isaac. 

Dunn, Samuel H., veteranized. 

Davis, Mansion, died Nov. 18, '64, wounds. 

Gibson, Charles H., veteranized. 

Goss, Andrew A., discharged Dec. 9, '62, disability. 

Gordon, John. 

Hennecy, John, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 


Hough, Daniel L., discharged in January, '64. 

Harrison, Levi, veteranized. 

Johnson, Charles F., veteranized. 

Johnson, Jacob. 

Jones, Reuben, killed at Stone river Dec. 31, '62. 

Kennedy, John, veteranized. 

Kelly, Barnard, veteranized. 

Longely, Peter, veteranized. 

Lofland, Littleton, discharged May 18, '63, disability. 

Larman, Frederick. 

McClelland, Francis M., discharged Jan. 23, '62, 

McKinney, Michael, discharged Nov. 27,' 62, disability. 
Martin, Eleazer, died at Chattanooga, Tenn., June 

19, '64, wounds. 
Morris, Levi, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 
Martin, Sterling A., discharged. 
Maple, Ephraim B., discharged July 9, '62, disability. 
Massey, Drewney A., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 
Mc Wethy, N. Jerome, died at Murf reesboro Jan. 23, '63. 
Mitchel, George H., died at Camp Jefferson, Ky., 
Nelson, Derastus W., veteranized. 
North, Thomas J., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 
Nulker, Joseph, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 
Payne, William, veteranized. 
Powell, John, veteranized. 

Rees, Tyre, died at Camp Jefferson, Ky., Dec. 7, '61. 
Straight, William H., veteranized. 
Stoll, John G., veteranized. 
Stowbridge, Daniel O., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 
Shaw, Joshua, died at Murfreesboro Jan. 17, '63. 
Shiveley, William H., discharged Nov. 27, '64. 
Spears, John, veteranized. 
Sails, Daniel, discharged June 23, '62. 
Shoure, Joseph. 


Snyder, John, veteranized. 

Smith, John W., discharged. 

Smith Eppenetus, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Thorp, Marcus L., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Tucker, William, discharged April 22, '63, disability. 

Travilian, William, discharged Nov. 27, '62, disability. 

Taylor, John. 

Turk, Samuel H., discharged Dec. 10, '62. 

Widener, Abram T., veteranized. 

Widener, Leonard, veteranized. 

Williamson, John, veteranized. 

Whitcomb, Ijcwis, discharged Jan. 23, '63, disability. 
Recruits — 

Bohlander, John, transferred to Co. A Thirty-seventh 
Regiment re-organized. 

Critchlow, Evans, transferred to Co. A Thirty-seventh 
Regiment re-organized. 

Dalrymple, Charles L., transferred to Co. A Thirty- 
seventh Regiment re-organized. 

Hornung, Lewis, transferred to Co. A Thirty-seventh 
Regiment re-organized. 

Hornung, Andrew, transferred to Co. A Thirty-seventh 
Regiment re-organized. 

Kinney, John, transferred to Co. A Thirty-seventh 
Regiment re-organized. 

Linville, Thomas, transferred to Co. A Thirty-seventh 
Regiment re-organized. 

Long, John, died at Bacon creek, Kentucky, Dec. 7, '61. 

Maynard, Henry, transferred to Co. A Thirty -seventh 
Regiment re-organized. 

Mulkins, James H., died* June 19, '64, of wounds. 

Redlow, Daniel M., promoted Quartermaster Sergeant. 

Somerville, James W., transferred to Co. A Thirty- 
seventh Regiment re-organized. 

Uppinghouse, Eli F., transferred to Co. A Thirty- 


seventh Regiment re-organized. 
Uppinghouse, John B., transferred to Co, A Thirty- 
seventh Regiment re-organized. 

Enlisted Men of Co. K. 

First Sergeant — 

Patton, John, died of wounds received at Stone river 

Feb. 13, '63. 
Sergeants — 
Banner, Samuel T., discharged Aug. 7, '63. 
Puntenney, George H., mustered out Oct. 27, '64, as 

Sergeant Major. 
Lingenfelter, John F., died at Bowling Green, Ky., 

Feb. 23, '62. 
Hunt, William R., promoted First Lieutenant. 
Corporals — 

Schwartz, David, discharged Dec. 29, '63. 
Stewart, John M., killed at Dallas May 27, '64. 
Plough, William J., transferred to V. R. C. Feb. 11, '64. 
Elstun, Marion, died of wounds at Vining Station, 

Ga., July 23, '64. 
Cowan, Elbert N., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 
Rankins, James W., killed at ' Peach Tree creek 

July 20, '64. 
Richey, Jasper, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 
Cowan, Robert, discharged March 18, '63, disability. 
Musicians — 
Bastian, Sibrant, veteranized. 
Butler, James S., transferred V. R. C. 
Wagoner — 

O'Brien, James, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 
Privates — 
Brown, John E., mustered out Oct. 24, '64. 
Blair, Joseph, mustered out Oct. 24, '64. 
Black, Jeremiah, mustered out Oct. 24, '64. 


Bowlby, Mahlon I., mastered out Oct. 24, '64. 

Boylan, Thomas, mustered out Oct. 27, '64, as 

Boling, William C, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 
Cowan, John A., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 
Culver, John W., transferred to Signal Corps 

Jan. 13, '64. 
Clemonts, Joseph, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 
Davis, Elbert H., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 
Davis, John W., mustered out Oct. 27, '64, as Corporal. 
Davis, John W. B., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 
Elliott, John L., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 
Endicott, John T., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 
Oabal, Fielding, died at Decherd, Tenn., Aug, 8, '62. 
(flass, Lowry M., died at Louisville, Ky., Jan. 20, '62. 
Glass, Samuel, mustered out Oct. 27, '64, as Corporal. 
Ilolmos, Alexander, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 
Harrison, Isaac N., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 
Hall, James M., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 
Hudelson, Kufus I., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 
Hudelson, William H., discharged, disability. 
Huston, William R., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 
Hemerly, Wilbur W., died at Louisville, Ky., Jan. 8, 62. 
Jones, Erastus T., died at Bacon creek, Kentucky, 

Jan. 21, '62. 
Jackson, Henry, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 
Jones, William B., discharged, disability. 
Junkin, Washington, transferred V. R. C. Jan. 15, '64. 
Kirkem, Andrew B., killed at Stone river Dec. 30, '62. 
Kethsel, Jacob, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 
Lindsay, Clinton, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 
Lothridge, James, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 
McClain, Arthur, mustered out Oct. 27, '64, as 

McCullough, Jacob S., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 


McGhee, James, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Mitchell, James W., discharged March 22, '63, wounds. 

Morgan, Philip A., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

McGuiness, Thomas, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Mitchell, William T., died at Shelbyville, Tenn., 
June 14, '62. 

Patton, Samuel R., mustered . out Oct. 27, '64, as 

Patton, William C, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Eankin, Jeremiah, discharged in March, '62, dis- 

Rankin, William R., killed in battle July 21, '64. 

Rankin, Samuel A., discharged in March, '62. 

Ruddell, James H. 

Stewart, David S., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Stewart, Harrison, discharged, disability. 

Stephens, James M., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Stewart, Samuel P., mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Stewart, William N., mustered out Oct. 27, '64, as 
Quartermaster Sergeant. 

Scott, William H., mustered out Oct. 27, '64, as Sergeant. 

Thompson, Robert S., killed in battle at Dallas, Ga., 
May 2J, '63. 

Williams, Charles, transferred to V. V. C. Nov. 15, '63. 

Wiggins, Henry B., transferred to V. R. C. 
Recruits — 

Butler, Alexander S., transferred to Co. B Thirty- 
seventh Regiment re-organized. 

Buck. William L., died at Murfreesboro, Tenn., 
May 20, '63. 

Minor, Joseph, mustered out Oct. 27, '64. 

Mitchell, David L., transferred to Co. B Thirty-seventh 
Regiment re-organized. 

Morelock, John B., died at Murfreesboro, Tenn., of 
wounds, Jan. 16, '63. 


Stewart, Robert C, killed in battle June 18, '64. 
Thorn, John D., transferred to Co. H Thirty-seventh 
Regiment re-organized. 

Uflassif ned Recriiits. 
Brown, Theodore F. 
Bond, I^vi L. 
Bassett, I^wis. 
Daniel, William E. 
Davis, Allen. 
Davis, Charles L. 
Hook, George. 
Mitchell, Daniel. 
Mullen, James M. 
Monroe, Calvin. 
Miller, William Harris. 
Moore, Craven B. 
Sharp, James W. 
Scott, James W. 
Taten, Samuel A. 
Whitcomb, Lewis J. 
Yates, John P. 


"Sherman's Bummers" Having a Higti Old Time. 

September 19th, 1864, the non-veterans took their 
departure for Indianapolis. We were loth to part with 
them, and with sad hearts we watched the old flag as it 
receded from view toward the rear. We felt that we 
were orphaned indeed as we bade them a kind adieu. 

After the non-veterans had gone home there, r^-"^ 
mained about two hundred and twenty-five, men — some 
of them recruits and some half dozen Lieutenants, 
which were formed into two Companies 'and a detach- 
ment, designated as Co. A and Po. B residuary battalion 
Thirty-seventh Indiana Veteran Volunteer Infantiy. 
Three of the Lieutenants resigned in a few days and 
thirteen non-commissionejS officers were discharged for 
the reason that that nun|ber were niade superfluous by 
reason of the Go'i^ipanies. First Lieu- 
tenant John L. Henry was given command of the bat- 
talion ; Companies A, D and T were consolidated and 
called Co. A detachment Thirty-seventh Indiana Veteran 
Volunteer Infantry, with Second Lieutenant George M. 
Myers in command ; Companies B, C and K were con- 
solidated and called Co. B Thirty -seventh Indiana 
Veteran Volunteer Infantry, with Second Lieutenant 
Socrates Carver in command. The men of the remain- 
ing four Companies were consolidated into a detach- 
ment under Sergeant Wolverton, of Co. E. Some of our 
men were absent, sick and with wounds, a large per 


cent, were at once detailed in Quartermaster, Com- 
missary and Ordnance departments, and the rest — 
about eighty men, were detailed as guards to the corps 
supply train under charge of Capt. Remington. On 
Oct. Ist sixty of our men went back to Nashville after 
mules for teams. 

Our headquarters remained for some time where 
the Regiment left us, and taking down some buildings, 
with the material we had, constructed quite comfortable 
quarters; but we were not allowed to enjoy them very 

long, as about this time 
Hood undertook his mem- 
orable campaign on Nash- 
ville, which terminated in 
the destruction of his army. 
Gen. Thomas, with the 
Fourth and Twenty-third 
corps, fell back in advance 
of Hood, and Gen. Sherman 
pursued with the rest of 
the army except the Twen- 
tieth corps, which remained 
at Atlanta. There was but 

George W. Eubank, Co. E, little fighting except at 

Indianapolis, ind. Altoona Pass, where the 

Johnnies attempted to seize our commissary stores. 
But Gen. Corse held the fort and the Confederates were 
severely punished. We came up soon after the battle 
and assisted in collecting some of the dead and 
wounded Johnnies whom their friends had left in their 
haste to get away before being overtaken by our army 
in their rear. Hood with his army continued north 
through Kingston, Calhoun, Resaca, and when near 
Dalton, having destroyed much of the railroad, turned 
to the left, passed through Snake Creek Gap to Sura- 


merville, thence into Alabama, our troops closely pur- 
suing. Our wagon train passed through Snake Creek 
Gap, thence to Mattox Gap, thence down the Chat- 
tooga valley to Galesville, Ala. Here Gen. Sherman 
gave up the pursuit of Hood about the 20th of October, 
and the army rested about a week. This being a rich 
valley, much forage and provisions were collected and 
much destroyed. 

From here the army set out again for Atlanta. The 
first day, after a hard march over a rough country, we 
reached Rome, Georgia, 
rested a day or two, then 
moved on to Kingston, 
where we remained several 
days. While here Nov. 8th, 
the Presidential election 
was held. All the troops 
were allowed to vote except 
those from Indiana, this 
privilege our patriotic legis- 
islature denied us. The next 
day the paymaster made us 
a welcome visit and we re- 
ceived several months' pay. 

Our next move was to t. h. carter, co. e. 

Cartersville, where we re- Moscow, ind. 

mained several days. The railroad had been repaired 
and a great many trains were running, bringing up 
commissary supplies and taking back ordnance and 
other stores. At this time a great many refugees were 
going north on the trains. While here four hundred 
recruits came to us for the purpose of filling up our 
Regiment again, and were put in charge of Lieut. 
Carver until such time and opportunity came for us to 
re-organize, which time never came, as will appear later. 


As soon as the last train had ^one north the work of 
destroying the railroad and other property commenced. 
All the little towns and stations were burnt, the railroad 
torn np, the ties burnt and rails twisted as the army 
passed along. Sherman did not intend that his or any 
other army should ever pass that way again. 

When we arrived at Atlanta we found half of it in 
ashes and the next day the rest of it was burnt, only a 
few houses escaping. On Nov. 20th Gen. Sherman set 
his army in motion for the memorable march to the sea. 

The army of the Tennessee, 
under Gen. (). O. Howard, 
and the army of Georgia 
Fourteenth and Twentieth 
corps, under command of H. 
W. Slocum, and a column of 
cavalry, under Gen. Judson 

Here our small command 
was transferred from the 
supply train to corps ordnance 
train as guards. Our line of 
John Wolverton, Co. E. march was by way of Coving- 
Greensbuig. ind. ton, MillegeviUe,' Saunders- 

ville, Louisville, a little to the right of Waynesboro, 
thence down the Savannah river to the city. Just after 
leaving Atlanta, Lieut. Myers was authorized to borrow 
enough horses from the citizens to mount twenty men, 
whose duty it was to collect supplies for the rest of us. 
They were soon mounted and at work. One morning 
when about twenty miles below Millegeville, they were 
surprised by a body of Confederate cavalry, and Lieut. 
Myers and Private J. W. Sharp, of Co. B, and two 
others, were captured: two were killed, two badly 
wounded and left on the ground; the rest escaped. 


At that time Sergeant Isaac H. Andrews, of Co. A, 
and two others of the same Company — old Company D, 
were captured, taken into the woods and shot with 
pistols. William Hamilton and the other one fell at 
the first fire. Andrews did not fall till he was shot the 
second time. 

The rebels stood at the left and rear of their pris- 
oners. The first ball struck Andrews at the angle of the 
left jaw and came out under the left eye, breaking the 
left jaw and cheek bone. The second shot struck be- 
hind the left ear, and coming 
out through the right cheek, 
fractured the cheek bone, 
knocking him down. 

The rebels then took the 
contents of the pockets of 
those killed, taking one hun- 
dred and two dollars from 
Andrews, He could hear 
them talking, but could not 
move. One of them asked: 
"Have you searched all his 
pockets?" and was answered, Elbert n. Cowan, Co. k. 
"Yes." Just at that time he Monmouth, in. 

heard another shot and was struck in front of the right 
ear, the ball lodging back of his eyes, where he carried 
it for eight years. One day while working in the field 
ho began to sneeze, when out dropped the ball. Ser- 
geant Andrews says that since Nov. 25th, 1864, he has 
never seen a day that his head has not pained him in 
some way. 

After having lain for some time he came to, and 
tried to move, but was too weak. After some time lie 
crawled over to where one of the other boys lay and 
found he was dead. After ho had sat there for some 


time a negro came to him, and stooping down told him 
to put his arms around his neck. Then the negro 
carried him to a house, about a quarter of a mile, where 
there were two white women and some negroes. The 
two white women treated him kindly, dressed his 
wounds and made him as comfortable as possible. He 
was found by some of the Twenty -second Indiana boys 
and taken to our ambulance train that evening and 
hauled through to Savannah. On the 6th day of Jan- 
uary, 1865, Sergeant Andrews being able to travel, came 
home on a furlough. After remaining at home thirty 
days, he reported at Indianapolis. As his wounds had 
not healed they ordered him to be taken to the hospital. 
He did not want to go, and was sent home for ten days 
longer. After this he reported again although his 
wounds were still running, and was given transporta- 
tion to Xew York where he had to wait for a week. 
From New York he was sent to. Hilton Head, S. C. He 
was not able to join his Regiment, and was sent up 
Broad river to a convalescent camp in the latter part of 
February, 1865. After being in this camp a few days he 
took erysipelas in his wounds and was sent to Beaufort, 
S. C, to the hospital, where he came near dying. 

In March he was sent to Xew York to Fort Schuyler 
hospital, where he stayed until April, when all Indiana 
soldiers were ordered sent to their own State. He went 
to Madison, where he was discharged June 14, 1865. 
Comrade Andrews is still living at Osgood, Ind., at 
this time, May, 1896. 

On Dec. 4th there was a sharp fight at Waynesboro 
within hearing of us. On the 10th Savannah was in- 
vested by our army and on the 12th of December (ien. 
Ilazen's division of the Fifteenth corps captured Fort 
McAlister on the Oguchee river. On the 20th the Con_ 
federate army, under (ien. Hardee, evacuated the city 


and crossed over into South Carolina. The next day 
our forces took possession of it and large quantities of stores 
fell into our hands. The train parked near the edge of 
the city and we camped nearby, keeping guard over 
the ammunition train. There was not much fighting on 
the way down and we came by easy marches. Three 
days' rations were issued at Atlanta and a small ration 
at Millegeville ; the rest of our supplies were taken 
from the country as we passed along. They consisted 
principally of sweet potatoes, fresh pork and molasses, 
which was found in ample abundance for our daily 
wants. But for a few days before rations could be re- 
ceived from the ocean transports, our supplies ran low 
and there was nothing in the country to get except rice 
and that was mostly unthrashed. The mills were set 
going, but were not adequate to supply the demand of 
the men. Yet it was a great help to tide us over the 
"pinch." We tried thrashing by hand and tried cook- 
ing it with the hull on, but it was "no go." 

Our army moved in four columns, and a strip of 
country forty miles wide was cleaned of everything 
that was of any use to us or that could be of any use or 
comfort to the enemy. Our foragers gathered up all 
the horses, mules, cattle and everything that could be 
used by our army. The mules were put into the wagon 
trains, the horses into the batteries and the cattle were 
killed and the beef issued to the men. All wagons, 
carts, plows and implements of every description that 
were of any use were piled up and burned. All houses 
that were not occupied, barns and outhouses of every 
description were all burned. The men would run the 
grist mills until the rear guard came along, when they 
would be set on tire. We were not out of sight of the 
smoke of burning buildings from Atlanta till we got in 
front of Savannah. 



The men with the wagon trains had to work day 
and night making corduroy roads and helping the 
wagons and batteries over the swampy places. Small 
streams were bridged with small trees and poles and 
the larger ones were pontooned. 

The boys were all on the watch for something to 
come around looking for an owner. 8ome of them had 
a habit of looking out for themselves, and mess No. 2 
was not an exception. Just before leaving Atlanta, 
Foster was looking around and saw a sack of coffee 

leaning up by itself "sort 
of lonesome like." His 
knife blade coming 
against it, he caught a 
Sibly hat full and mess 
No. 2 had coffee enough 
to last them till they got 
to the sea. 

On the fourth day, out 
from Atlanta we halted 
to rest in front of a house 
where there were chick- 
ens running around loose. 
A negro cook for some 
officers wanted some one 
to hold his new tin 
bucket while he tried to charm some of the fowls. Rol- 
lings worth, of mess Xo. 2, said he would hold it, and 
when the cook came back with his chickens the bucket 
had gone off with Hollingsworth. Well, that bucket 
did service with Xo. 2 and many were the chickens and 
sweet potatoes that were cooked in it. At the battle of 
Uentonville, X. C, Hollingsworth had it on his belt 
when the Johnnies shot the side out of it and ruined it 
for further use. 

James Coulter. 1st Sergeant and 1st 
Lieutenant Co. B, Amelia, O. 



Three or four days before we arrived at Savannah 
George Bloom and two or three othei-s started out early 
in the morning foraging and went on the road on which 
our division was moving. There had been a rain the 
night before and after they had gone three or four 
mileS; they saw a fresh wagon track in the mud. They 
followed it up and found a darkey, three mules and a 
wagon near the side of the road in a sink hole in the 
woods. The wagon bed was nearly full of hams and 
shoulders. Bloom took command; the darkey drove 
out to the road and 
waited till our wagon 
train came up when they 
fell into line with their 
prize. We had a good 
supply of hams for a few 
days. The darkey had 
been sent from our right 
wing to save the pork, 
but fell in with us. Evi- 
dently the natives did 
not know that we were 
quite so numerous and 
that darkey's boss lost 
his mules, wagon, meat, 
darkey and all. What 
was his loss was our gain, but we never went back to 
thank him for his present. Soon after getting pos- 
session of the city of Savannah our supplies were 
received at the wharf from the ocean vessels in great 
abundance. The enterprising Yankee also was there 
with trading vessels from the North laden with fruits, 
vegetables, etc., to sell to the army. Apples and 
oranges sold as high as fifty dollars per barrel, potatoes 
and onions as high as twenty dollars per barrel and 

Martin Moor, Co. H, 
Forest Hill, Ind. 


fifty per cent, higher retail. Then the provost marshal 
interfered and prices became more reasonable. 

While the Companies were near Savannah they 
were sent out one evening to support a battery near the 
fort that Gen. Lincoln had built near the old Ebenezer 
church that he used as a hospital in the War of the 
Revolution. The battery was to intercept a rebel gun 
boat that was reported to be up the river ; but the boat 
failed to come, and we did not get to immortalize our- 
selves by blowing it out of the river or sinking it. How- 
ever, some of the boys went to the cemetery and slept 
by the graves of the Revolutionary patriots. 

On the march from Atlanta negroes of all ages, 
sexes, shades and grades, by the thousands followed our 
army, carrying a few household goods in all imaginable 
shapes, sizes and varieties. How they managed to sub- 
sist has always been a mystery to us. When we arrived 
at Savannah the able-bodied men were set to work 
building fortifications and the rest were sent to Hilton 
Head. Those four hundred recruits with which we had 
expected to re-organize our Regiment were taken away 
from us just before our arrival at Savannah and put 
into other Regiments ; then we were doomed to remain 
a residuary command for the rest of our service. 

About this time Lieut. Henry resigned and went 
home. When he reached Indianapolis he recommended 
to GrOv. Morton that First Sergeant Thomas Kirk be 
commissioned First Lieutenant of Co. A — Lieut, George 
Myers having been captured, and that Second Lieu- 
tenant Socrates Carver, Sergeants James Coulter and 
Mitchell H. Day be commissioned Captain, First Lieu- 
tenant and Second Lieutenant, respectively, of Co. B. 
The commissions were issued to date from Dec. 
24th, 1864, a Christmas gift from the Governor. 
The army remained at the city several weeks. 


The weather was fine and we had a good time gen- 
erally. While the army was at Chattanooga there was 
a detail made from the Regiment for guard for the first 
Division Quartermaster Department, and when the non- 
veterans returned home their places were filled from 
the men that remained. In all of the campaign to the 
sea they did their full share in all the duties that fell to 
their lot. They brought in a great many horses and 
mules and turned them over to the Quartermaster. 
They made a good many narrow escapes from being 
captured and acquired considerable skill in foraging. 
Some of the soldiers thought they must keep it up to a 
certain extent for fear they might get out of practice ; 
so three or four of them went over to the Company one 
evening while they lay near Savannah, and getting 
some help from the Company, made a raid on a lot of 
provisions that some parties had stored in the back yard 
at a house near the Company's camp. Lieut. Carver 
and some of the other officers occupied the house and 
at the rear of the yard was a fence about eight feet high, 
boarded up and down. Two or three of the men were 
helped over and they lifted the barrels of potatoes, 
onions and other eatables upon the fence, where they 
were caught by the boys on the other side. All were 
carried away some distance, the barrels were emptied 
and the supplies divided. Our boys borrowed a mule 
from one of the teamsters without his consent and 
carried their part to their camp. The next morning 
there were some fellows out on the hunt for their stores. 
They found some empty barrels, but not the contents. 
However, some of the men feasted on potatoes and 
other vegetables for several days. 

The Quartermaster kept a very good cow and his 
cook was very proud of her. He fed her all the forage 
she would eat and led her out every day to graze. With 



all this good care the darkey could not understand why 
she failed in her milk in the mornings. The soldiers 
had to guard her, too, with their other duties, and some 
of them could milk. They thought as there were several 
of them they would help the cook with his milking, but 
they always did their part early in the morning before 
the cook waked up. The Captain did not have so much 
milk for his whisky punch, but the boys had plenty for 
their coffee. Sergeant Tip Davis, of Co. B, was detailed 
as Division Ordnance Sergeant. His quarters were 

near the arsenal in a 
little frame building that 
was put up for the guards 
before we came in pos- 
session. Tip got very 
sick while we were in 
this camp and T. G. Van 
Meter, of Co. B, went 
over to be company for 
him one night. The 
next morning some of 
the doctors went to see 
Tip and said he had a 
very bad case of vario- 
loid ; he was then moved 
to the small-pox hospital. 
Van Meter was very 
much worried about his 
chances of becoming af- 
fected and asked his 
mess to not put too much 

J. S. McCullough, Co. K, Indian- 
apolis, Ind. One of the boys who 
did not enlist for fun, believing 
the struggle would be long and 
bloody, but having an unwavering 
faith in the ultimate triumph of 
the right: served as private Co. K 
until February, '63, and balance of 
time on detached duty at head- 
quarters Pioneer Brigade Army 
of the Cumberland. 

seasoning in their cook- 
ing, as he wanted to diet so he would not be sick 
when his time came. That suited the rest of the boys 
first rate, as they did not have any more than they 


could eat anyhow ; so they put in all the seasoning they 
wanted and Van Meter half starved for nine days. 
Tom got up the ninth morning with some of Job's 
afflictions, and did not sit down for some days. The 
varioloid did not trouble him any more after that. 

Savannah is a quaint looking old town, with broad 
but unpaved streets, and some fine monuments. About 
the 20th of January, 1865, our wing of the army moved 
out a few miles from the city and camped for a day or 
two, some troops from the Eastern army having arrived 
to garrison the city. We 
moved to Sister's Ferry on 
the Savannah river, about 
fifty miles above the city, 
and camped again. There 
had been heavy rains, the 
river was high and the low- 
lands on the opposite side 
were inundated. Here the 
army remained several 
days, partly on account of 
the high water and probably 
to get a better supply of 

provisions before severing b .f. Denahm. Co. h, 

connection with our base of Sardinia, ind. 

supplies. In a few days the boats came up, bringing 
provisions, mail, etc. The wagons were loaded, the 
boats returned, a pontoon was laid and the army crossed 
over into South Carolina. 

While at Sister's Ferry our three Companies, very 
much against our will and protest, wore separated. Co. 
A was assigned to duty with the Thirty-eighth Indiana, 
Co. B to the Twenty -second Indiana and the other men 
were sent to the Eighty-eighth Indiana. Companies A 
and B were allowed to retain their Company organiza- 


tioii, but the other men wore distributed to different 
Companies of the Eighty-eighth Indiana. Our Co. B 
wafi now in Third Brigade, Second Division, Fourteenth 
A. C; Co. A and the other men were in the First 
Division Fourteenth A. C. Our Brigade was composed 
of Twenty-second Indiana, Fifty-second Ohio, Eighty- 
fifth, Eighty-sixth and One Hundred and Twenty-fifth 
Illinois, and was commanded by Brevet Brigadier Gen. 
Fearing. Capt. William Snodgrass was in command of 
the Twenty -second Indiana. He was a rough man, 
but kind to his men and brave to a fault. This was one 
of the oldest Regiments in the service, first commanded 
by Jeff. C. Davis, who was at this time commanding the 
Fourteenth Corps. The boys of the Twenty-second 
were a brave, generous- hearted set of fellows and we 
became very much attached to them. 

Our line of march was by way of Lawtonville, 
Barnwell Court House, Columbia and Winsboro, 8. C, 
and from Fayetteville to Goldsboro, N. C. It was early 
in February when the army set out to go through the 
Carolinas. The recent heavy rains had swollen the 
streams and tilled the Edisto Swamp. At times it was 
difiicult to make headway, sometimes having to wade 
for hours through water knee deep and deeper, always 
cold and frequently icy. When near Columbia the 
right wing of the army joined ours from the East. At 
Columbia the enemy showed a disposition to fight. We 
were formed into a line of battle, but before we got in 
sight of town the Johnnies fled. John Coiles, of Co. A, 
was killed here. 

Our wing of the army passed to the left of Colum- 
bia, crossed the Saluda and Broad rivers, then stopped 
a day or two to destroy a railroad. Our Regiment 
(the Twenty-second Indiana), was the first to cross 
Broad river, going over in pontoon boats and standing 


guard while the bridge was being put down. While 
crossing the Wateree river a • heavy rain came, and the 
river rising suddenly, the bridge gave way. It was sev- 
eral days before all got over and under headway again. 
Here service was required that tried the patience and 
endurance of the men ; working in the rain and mud 
day and night getting the teams over the rivers and 
hills — a pension hater's "picnic.'^ One evening we 
were detailed to assist the wagon trains over the worst 
roads that we ever saw. It was a partly decayed cor- 
duroy or plank road and we had about six minutes to 
make camp. There would be a few rods of reasonably 
good road, then there would be a hole without any 
bottom, apparently; the mules would be unable to ex- 
tricate the wagons, and then we would' have to put our 
shoulders to the wheels. By dint of much loving talk 
to the mules by the teamsters and much lifting on our 
part, with a few cheering words from the wagon mas- 
ters, we would finally get the wagons out of the hole 
only to have to help the next one. We covered the six 
miles by about eight o'clock the next morning, a muddy, 
tired and wet lot of men. This night's work was 
through a turpentine forest in which the trees had 
been scored for a number of feet from the ground. 
After dark the exuded sap was fired on the • trees for 
quite a distance from the road. Taking the swearing 
by the teamsters and the wagon masters, the struggling 
mules, the jerking and rumbling of the wagons on the 
planks and the jokes or ejaculations of the men with 
the fantastic shadows cast by the struggling men, mules 
and wagons, made a sight worthy of a painter. 

After this we came into a better country. There 
was a Confederate force a few miles below us on the 
Great Pedee river — the right wing having run them 
away and they were supposed to be in our front on the 


opposite side of the river. Here occurred one of those 
incidents that helped to, make soldiering interesting as 
well as somewhat perilous. Our Co. B was stationed at 
the ferry to watch and report if there were any of the 
enemy about. All being quiet, the pontooners came 
at midnight, put a few boats together, launched them, 
and our Company getting in, pulled across. It was 
very dark and we drifted some distance, but finally 
reached the other shore and scrambled up the bank as 
fast as we could. We found oureelves in a dense thicket 

of underbrush, but fortu- 
nately no enemy. Then 
the Regiment followed in 
like manner, and a little 
after daylight the bridge 
was completed, when troops, 
trains and all passed over 
in safety. But we felt a 
little -^shaky" at first, as we 
did not know what kind of 
a reception awaited us over 
The next place of interest 
«r A ^xr 1 ^ T^4 * ^ A in our course was Fayette- 

W. A. Way land, Private Co. A, ^ ^ -^ 

born In 1845: mustered in July 25, Ville, N. C. TMs was a 

1861: mustered out Aug. 1, 1865, gmall town of ancient ap- 

Beulah, Col. ^j. j. j ^.u 

pearance, situated on the 
south side of Cape Fear river. It was said to have been 
of considerable importance to the confederacy, as great 
quantities of ordnance were made there during the war. 
March 12th, 1865, our "bua\mers^^ drove away a small 
force and captured the place before the head of the 
column came up. George Bloom and one or two others 
of our Company were in the engagement. The army 
rested here two or three days. 


On March 16th our cavalry got into an engagement 
with the enemy about twenty miles north of Fayette- 
ville, at Avorsboro, and were getting the worst of it 
when the infantry came up to assist them. Our Brigade 
was on the extreme left of the line reaching to Cape 
Fear river, and was the last to get in. It was about 
night when we got in front of the enemy's works and 
the fight was nearly over. However, the Eegiment lost 
several men, killed and wounded. Ed McCullum, of 
our Company, was wounded Some of the boys re- 
gretted that they lost all 
their rations. Mess No. 2 
lost their sack of sweet po- 
tatoes and had no supper. 
Next morning Andy Bell 
came up Avith a few peas 
and they had peas for 
breakfast. Our cavalry lost 
a good many men ; they also 
killed and captured a good 
many of the enemy, among 
others the notorious Gen. 

T>u^4.*^ ^* cs^ Au r^ T Milton G. Moor, Co. H. 

Rhette, of South Carolma. ^ , „,„ ; ^ 

' Forest HiU. Ind. 

The enemy retreated during 

the night, and on the morning of the 17th our forces 
moved forward again, meeting no serious opposition 
until the 19th when near Bentonville, N. C. Here 
were the combined forces of Gen. Joe Johnson 
and others entrenched across our road. The First and 
Second Division Fourteenth A. C. were in advance and 
came rather unexpectedly on the Confederates, who 
came out of their works. After some severe fighting 
our lines fell back some distance, when the Twentieth 
corps came up and the Johnnies were driven back to 
their works with heavy loss, leaving many of their dead 


and wounded in our hands. Granville Smith, a young 
recruit of Co. 15, captured a Confederate picket the next 
morning as he was sitting asleep by a tree, and turned 
hiiii over to the Brigade Commander. Granville was 
very proud of his prize. 

Our forces followed up within a short distance of- 
the enemy's works, and entrenching themselves waited 
for the other wing of our army to come to our assistance. 
On the afternoon of the 2l8t they struck the Confederate 
left and in a short time the w^hole rebel army was flying 
across the country. The battle of Bentonville was com- 
paratively a small affair, yet it was a very severe one 
considering the number of troops engaged. The loss on 
our side was considerable, and the Confederate loss was 
supposed to be greater. The Twenty-second Indiana 
lost thirty-four men, killed and wounded, our Company 
losing three in wounded. Gen. Fearing, Brigade Com- 
mander, was severely wounded in the hand. Lieutenant- 
Colonel Langley, of the One Hundred and Twenty-fifth 
Illinois, assumed command of the Brigade and retained 
it till the close of tiie war. Edward Schofield, originally 
of Co. B, but serving with Co. I Eighty-eighth Indiana, 
was killed. The writer has not been able to learn what 
part was taken by the rest of the Thirty -seventh. 

On the morning of March 22d, the road being- 
clear, our army set out for Goldsboro, twenty miles dis- 
tant, and reached that point on the 24th. March 10th 
Isaac Wilkinson, Levi Cochran and Samuel Taten were 
captured while out foraging. Wilkinson said the first 
thing his captors asked for was his money and watch. 
In their hurry they did not take time to search him, so 
he gave them a small amount of change he had in one 
pocket, and while hurrying him out through the swamp 
for fear they might be captured themselves, he threw 
away his pocketbook and watch. He thinks if he were 


down there now he could find it. After they got their 
prisoners away some distance from the road they com- 
menced to trade hat and boots with them. They traded 
hat and boots three times with Wilkinson, and when the 
fourth one wanted to trade Ike told him to keep the 
whole outfit. He thinks he did the poorest trading he 
ever did in his life. After they were taken inside of 
the enemy's lines their horses were taken from them 
and they marched two days and nights bare- footed and 
bare-headed. At Goldsboro a junction was formed 
with the Fourth and Twenty-third corps under Gen. 
Schofield, the Tenth corps under Gen. Terry and all 
under command of Gen. Sherman. We now felt 
superior to the combined forces of the Confederacy. 

Here ended the Carolina campaign. It had been 
the hardest campaign we had ever experienced, not in 
fighting, but in marching and exposure. For two 
months in the winter season we had been on the march, 
had passed entirely through one State and a part of two 
others, waded creeks and swamps and mud. We had 
slept on the damp ground with little shelter from the 
elements, and often with but scant rations. Hundreds 
of men were hatless and shoeless, and all as black as 
Africans from standing around pine knot fires. It was 
very trying on the health and endurance of the men, 
yet no one murmured. It had rained fifteen days and 
nights since we crossed the Savannah river at Sister's 
Ferry, and the roads were in a very bad condition, 
almost impassable in many places — not a very desirable 
place for "picknicking." 

The country through which we passed was gen- 
erally very poor, there being much pine forest and 
many turpentine camps. The latter made fine bon- 
fires. Very little property of any kind escaped de- 
struction in South Carolina, but in North Carolina 


dwellings were generally spared. Almost everything 
else was taken or destroyed. Goldsboro was a dilapi- 
dated town near the Neuse river, and in a fairly good 
farming country. 

April 10th, 1866. This morning our army is again 
on the march, now in the direction of Raleigh, which 
place was reached on the 13th. It was a small, quaint, 
old town, surrounded by a jungle of underbrush and 
the poorest excuse for a State capital we ever saw. 
When nearing Raleigh, mess No. 2 thought they would 

J,^^^^^ put on a little style, so they 

^V got them a negro to cook 

& and carry the cooking 

H^M. utensils. In the morning 

^^p/ after reaching the city, the 

I^V negro, having had the cramp 

^H the night before, died while 

^^^^^^ they were eating breakfast. 

Hf^^^^ On the 15th our corps, 

^VB being in the advance, 
1^^ reached Haywood, a small 
^^ town on the Cape Fear 

J. H. wooiey. Co.E, river, and about thirty miles 

Arkansas City. Kas. southwest of Raleigh. On 

the 12th we received the news of the surrender of Lee's 
army. Our troops were wild with excitement and made 
the woods ring with their cheering. On the 15th three 
of our Company — Mike Grob, Myer Bowers and Fred 
Aman were taken prisoners while foraging and taken to 
Johnson's camp ; but in a few days they were released 
and returned to us near Raleigh. There was no fight- 
ing after leaving Goldsboro except a little skirmishing. 
The last man we saw who was killed in battle was a 
captain in some Ohio Regiment who was killed April 
10th while on the skirmish line, and some of his men 


were in the act of hurrying him by the roadside as we 
passed by. Our portion of the army remained at the 
Cape Fear river while negotiations for the surrender of 
Johnson's army were pending. Upon the capitulation 
of Johnson's army we were officially informed that the 
war was over. This caused not only great rejoicing in 
our army, but it was also glad tidings to the hundreds of 
johnnies whom we saw returning to their homes. But 
many a poor, misguided fellow found, upon returning, 
only a chimney and a pile of ashes to mark the place 
he once called home. At 
about the same time we 
received the news of the 
assassinatian of Presi- 
dent Lincoln, which cast 
a gloom of sorrow over 
the army. 

On April 21st we 
moved back to near a 
place called Holly 
Springs, some fifteen 
miles west of Raleigh. 
This was considered our 
first day's march toward 
home. One night there wniiam Miles. Co. g. 

was very heavy musket Whitcomb, ind. 

firing out two or three miles toward the front, and some 
staff officers went out pell mell to learn the cause. They 
returned shortly and reported it to be a Brigade out 
there jollifying. Of course the officers did not enjoy 
getting out at midnight, and strict orders were issued 
against firing after that. Our camp was pleasantly sit- 
uated in the woods, and the weather was delightful. 
There was some very good farming land here and the 
crops were promising ; the wheat was knee high and the 


corn large enough to work. The surplus stock, mules, 
etc., belonging to our army were turned over to the 
citizens to assist them in growing their crops. About a 
week after coming to Holly Springs we were ordered to 
prepare to march to Richmond, Va., and this was the 
first time in nearly four years of army service that we 
were informed of our destination before getting there. 

May 1st the four corps that marched with Shermail 
to the sea set out for Richmond, each on a different 
road, and each ambitious to be the first to get through. 
Our corps carried off that honor, the distance being 
about one hundred and fifty or sixty miles, and was 
marched in seven days. The men were in light march- 
ing order, carrying only a few rounds of ammunition 
and a small quantity of provisions. The weather was 
warm and we marched very fast. Many men fell out 
by the way exhausted, and some died from over-march- 
ing. Orders were strict against foraging and destroying 
property, yet we did now and then take the top rail off 
the fence to make a fire with which to prepare our 
meals. We camped on the south of James river, near 
Richmond, and the sutlers that came out to make their 
"stake" off of Sherman's army were disappointed, for 
we had not received any pay for several months. How- 
ever, we did not propose to be aggravated by having 
good things around and not have some of them. In the 
evening there could be seen a good many sutler tents, 
but the next morning they had all gone and their goods 
were distributed pretty well through Sherman's army. 

Our array was to have been reviewed here at Rich- 
mond by Gen. Ualleck, but Gen. Sherman came up just 
then — having come around from Xorth Carolina by 
water, and objected. The order was countermanded 
and we were glad of it, as reviews were never desirable. 
Thanks to (ien. Sherman, we thought we had done 


enough of that kind of service. The most notable object 
we noticed in Richmond was Libby prison, where so 
many of our men were confined during the war. Rich- 
mond, like most southern towns, was a back number — 
behind the times in point of modern improvements. In 
the State house park was a fine equestrian statue of Wash- 
ington, surrounded by a group of statues of old Virginia 
statesmen — fine pieces of art, but they must have looked 
a little out of place in the Confederate capitol. 

On the 11th of May the march was resumed, this time 
for Washington City. Just after we had passed through 
Richmond we were halted, probably to let the citizens 
dispose of their garden vegetables, cakes and such things 
as they supposed the soldiers had been having a surfeit of 
for some time. We remember one Confederate had a 
pudding baked in a pan something smaller than a dish 
pan; somehow it disappeared and there was the most 
astonished look on that man's face that we ever saw. 
After the officers supposed we had time to buy the supplies, 
we were ordered to fall in, and resumed our march. The 
citizens had disposed of their truck, the boys had eaten it 
and we suppose have not yet returned to pay for it. We 
marched by way of Hanover Court House, Kelly's Ford, 
Bull Run battle-field and Fairfax Court House, and 
camped May 18th on the height between Washington 
and Alexandria, and in sight of the National capital. 
Here we remained until after the grand review. 

All Companies had their odd characters, and Co. 15 
was no exception. After leaving Richmond one of our 
Company was missing, and on our march to Washington 
there was some talk among the boys as to what should 
be done with him for playing off on this march, (^apt. 
Carver promised to punish him for it. The next morn- 
ing, after we arrived near the city. Bowers came up and 
the Captain took him to task for not marching through 



with the Company. Bowers said he had marched as 
much in this **tam war^' as he intended to, so he took 
passage by water and came around. The Captain took a 
rope and tied Bowers' hands behind his back, then tied 
him to a small tree. After some time the officers* cook 
got their breakfast ready and they sat down to eat. 
Presently Bowers remarked to the Captain that it looked 
hard for him to be tied after he had marched nearly all 
over the Confederacy, and to stand there without any 
breakfast while the rest were eating and enjoying them- 
selves. The Captain asked 
him if he had not had his 
breakfast, then got up, 
untied him and told him 
to sit down and eat with 
them. Bowers told the 
Captain all about his 
trip and of all the sights 
he had seen in Washing- 
ton and how he had 
enjoyed himself. The 
officer was much inter- 
ested and when break- 
fast was over allowed 
Bowers to remain re- 
leased. We were on 
grand review May 24th, 
then went into camp 
about two miles north of the city in a beautiful grove 
near the Soldiers' Home. Congress was not in session 
and we had the privilege of going through the Capitol 
and other public places at will. We were not slow to 
improve our opportunities. The country between Rich- 
mond and Washington looked very desolate, having 
been occupied and over-run for years by contending 

John Pat ton. First Sergeant Co. K: 
died of wounds Feb. 13. 18fi3. re- 
ceived at Stone river Dee. 31. 1862. 


armies. There were no inhabitants, no buildings, no 
stock, no crops and the land was a poor, dreary waste. 
The only good country we remember to have seen in the 
State was the Roanoke Valley. It appeared to have 
been in a high state of cultivation previous to the war. 
Hanover Court House was a very plain looking building, 
constructed in colonial times and made of brick im- 
ported from England. Fairfax was a small, obsolete 
looking place, and is frequently mentioned in the his- 
tories of the war. When we reached Washington City, 
our active soldier life was at 
an end; the last battle had 
been fought, the last march 
had been made, the flag had 
been restored and peace 
reigned supreme. Troops 
were being mustered out 
every day, but the western 
troops of Sherman's army 
were sent to Louisville, Ky., 
to be mustered out. 

The last year's cam- 
paign had been very ar- Levi Nutt. co. b, 
duous and enervating, to Summitsviiie. ind. 
say nothing about the many hard-fought battles, thrill- 
ing adventures and hair-breadth escapes. The men as a 
rule appeared to stand the hardships very well at the 
time, but when peace came their systems gave way to 
the great physical strain they were so long under, and a 
large per cent, of them became unfit for further service. 
Many succumbed and few entirely recovered. Just 
before leaving Washington, Co. B was detailed as 
guards at headquarters second division Fourteenth A. C, 
under Gen. James D. Morgan. On the 13th of June we 
left the city via Baltimore & Ohio railroad, took the 


Steamer Lady Grace at Parkersburg, and arrived at 
Louisville on the 18th. We went into camp a mile east 
of the city, near the work -house pike, and this was our 
last camping place. While here we were camped near 
a dairy and the boys used co go over of nights and milk 
the cows. The dairyman objected to our help and went 
to headquarters and asked to have a guard detailed to 
watch his cows. Fred Aman was detailed as guard, but 
all the arrest he made was a coffee-pot, the boys giving 
him the slip and getting away. 

As guards at headquarters, our duties were light ; 
we were not under much restraint and had a good time 
generally. A good many of the boys went home on 
Frencli leave, but returned in due time. July 24th, 
1865, mustered rolls were signed and final papers were 
prepared. A few days later all of the two Companies 
went up to Indianapolis, the detachment having been 
mustered out with the Thirty-eighth Indiana on the 
15th of July. Gov. Morton and other State officers met 
us with a kindly greeting. We stayed in the city two or 
three days and Aug. 1st received final pay and dis- 
charges from Uncle Sam^s army. Then we scattered to 
our several homes, few of us ever to meet again. Of 
the one hundred stalwart young patriots that composed 
our Company (B), at Lawrenceburg four years before, 
only twenty -five were present at the final muster out of 
the Company at the close of the war. Some had been 
killed in battle, some died of wounds, others of disease, 
and some had been discharged on account of wounds 
and other disabilities. But all had discharged their ob- 
ligations to the best of their abilities and opportunities. 
"Peace hath her victories not less renowned than war." 

To the friends and living comrades of the Thirty- 
seventh Residuary Battalion Indiana Veteran Volunteer 
Infantry, and to the memory of those who have an- 


swered the last roll call this history is respectfully inscribed. 
After thirty years have passed, it is not easy to 
write a history of the thrilling experiences and exciting 
scenes of our service, with but little reliable data and 
very deficient memories from which to draw. It has 
been our constant aim to be correct and to obtain as re- 
liable data as possible. 

We wish to acknowledge our obligations to Com- 
rades James Coulter, Mitchel H. Day, Tip Davis, Isaac H. 
Andrews, John F. Wolverton, Edwin E. Druley, Ellis W. 
Foster, Levi L. Bond, James S. Greenlee, Thomas G. Van 
Meter and Isaac Wilkinson for their assistance and kind 
words of encouragement to us, in the work of compiling 
the matter herein contained. 

May this short history recall many recollections of 
our service and bring about the renewal of comradeships 
almost forgotten. May the coming years crown each 
comrade with plenty, peace and honor, as full and free 
as his loyal service in defense of the Union deserves, is 
the wish of their comrade, James W. Scott. 

[The following was written by Comrade Alexander 8. 

After the Thirty-seventh left for home, their time of 
service having about expired, Gen. Hood began a move- 
ment to Gen. Sherman's rear, intending, no doubt, to cut 
off supplies and capture all army stores in his rear. The 
events that occurred at Allatoona furnished the facts for 
the song, "Hold the Fort." By so doing he would be 
compelled to retreat out of, not only Atlanta, but out of 
Georgia and Tennessee as well. The movement in that 
direction was followed up for a time. When the object 
was understood. Gen. Sherman stopped the pursuit and 
returned to Atlanta, Co. B being in the movement, and 
only got as far north as Ack worth. The Company guarded 


forage there a day or two, the only duty so far. While 
the writer of this was on duty at about 9 o'clock p. m., a 
line officer approached to say that a sack of corn had been 
stolen and was abandoned for fear of capture. A Cor- 
poral.was called and sent for it. It proved to be coffee : 
had been stolen from cars near by. Could a soldier 
steal something to eat from his government? 

The above incidents occurred about the first and 
second weeks in October, 1864. We remained at At- 
lanta about a month. The movement to the sea was 

begun on the 14th of No- 
vember. Co. B being in the 
city, was about the last to 
leave. We saw several 
warehouses of cotton con- 
sumed. We commenced 
our tramp with the artillery 
corps. It was march, and 
no duty; monotonous for a 
month. A very few places 
are remembered. Coving- 
ton and Millegeville, the 
capital of Georgia, are re- 
membered. At the latter 
L. L. Bond. Co. B. place a few men wearing 

Quakertown. ind. striped clothlHg were seen. 

The weather was dry and pleasant and the roads good. 
When we got to the Savannah river we crossed a broad 
swamp on a graded road, with a trestle bridge that had 
an outlet a little way to the left through a deep cut just 
at the river. Co. B was located in it just at night, to 
intercept a rebel gunboat that had just gone up the 
river. We were there all night, but saw no boat. A 
day or two before we arrived at the swamp the corps 
Quartermaster passed the writer as he tramped alone, 


saluted and said he would like some of that coffee at 
Ackworth. An explanation was asked and one given, 
and so passed on. 

That night we had some coffee and crackers issued 
to us — ^the first on the trip. It showed, too, that rations 
could be had without a requisition. At Savannah we 
got nothing but coffee and rice at the first. While at 
Savannah we went where and when we pleased, and 
stayed as long. When we went to the Savannah river 
at the landing, eighteen miles from the ocean, we 
marched down the streets or near the buildings and 
went over or around the stoops (porticos), they extend- 
ing into or across the sidewalk, and some of them two or 
three feet high. 

To go back to the "swamp." There was a brick 
church there, built in 1765. The bricks were imported 
from England. Unpainted, hard, pine seats and 
elevated pulpit, with columns supporting the roof, made 
it look old. I wondered, while up in the pulpit look- 
ing down at the boys, who had strolled into it, if the 
Johnnies had taught the 13th chapter of Romans, or if 
their preachers had. It has taken a good deal of writing 
to tell about watching for that gunboat that night. In 
doing so I have told Co. B's history as it was worked 
out. The Company made one foraging trip and got but 
little or nothing. 

When we were ordered to, we started Xorth with 
the rest of the boys. In two or three days we got up to 
Sister's Ferry, where we crossed over to South Carolina 
(ancient secessions) ; were detained there a little. Dur- 
ing the time Co. B did something else. Gen. Jefferson 
C. Davis had ordered Co. B to report to the Twenty- 
second Indiana Infantry two or three different times. 
We had all agreed to not do it. At the ferry Gen. 
Davis sent an orderly with a request, verbal, I believe 


for the C/aptain and a Sergeant to come to his tent. It 
was to ask why Co. B did not obey his orders to report 
to the Twenty-second Infantry. The Captain told the 
(xeneral that we had not refused to do duty, that we 
would do any duty ordered, but that we would not 
consent to a disbanding of the Company ; so we went 
with the Twenty -second Indiana and retained our or- 
ganization until mustered out of the service. That was 
the status of the Company when the writer and all the 
members of the Company whose term expired before 
Oct. 1st, 1865. I do not know now whether that order 
applied to the drafted men or not. The Company was 
organized under an order from a ranking officer. Gen. 
Jeff. C. Davis could not compel us to go, nor could he 
disband the Company. Co. A was disbanded at the 
time the Regiment left for Indianapolis, I think. I 
know nothing at all of it or of the detachment. They 
were in a different part of the army — probably with 
(len. Thomas' army at Nashville. 

The whole march to Savannah and also from 
Savannah to Raleigh, N. C, was uneventful. We 
crossed several streams on pontoon bridges ; had little to 
do ; only a little at Benton ville ; lived on yarns mostly ; 
got a little fresh pork at times ; had crackers and coffee 
all the time, and have no recollection of doing guard or 
picket duty on the whole march around to Washington. 
We went along with the boys after the battle of Benton- 
ville and the surrender of Johnson's army in the vicinity 
of Raleigh, X. C. Shernxan's army made a race for 
Washington. Home with a discharge seemed near and 
gave spring to the muscles and satisfaction to the mind. 
The writer did not march, but went to New Berne by 
rail and up the Albemarle and Pamlico sounds and 
Elizabeth river to Norfolk, and across the Hampton 
roads to Fortress Monroe; then up Chesapeake Bay 


and Potomac river to Alexandria, where the troops 
were encamped. Then came the review. I send a 
clipping from a newspaper, from Gen. Grant's memoirs. 
It gives a better idea of the review than I can write : 

"On th^ 18th of May orders were issued by the 
Adjutant-General for a grand review, by the President 
and his Cabinet, of Sherman's and Meade's armies. 
The review commenced on the 22d, and lasted two 
days. Meade's army occupied over six hours of the 
first day in passing the graud stand, which had been 
erected in front of the President's house, Sherman 
witnessed this review from the grand stand, which was 
occupied by the President and his Cabinet. * * * Sher- 
man's troops had been in camp on the south side of the 
Potomac. During the night of the 23d he crossed over 
and bivouacked not far from the Capitol. Promptly at 
10 o'clock on the morning of the 24th his troops com- 
menced to pass in review. Sherman's army made a 
different appearance from that of the army of the 
Potomac. The latter had been operating where they 
received directly from the North full supplies of food 
and clothing regularly. The review of this army there- 
fore was the review of a body of 65,000 well-drilled, 
well-disciplined and orderly soldiers, inured to hardship 
and fit for any duty, but without the experience of gath- 
ering their own food and supplies in an enemy's country, 
and of being ever on the watch. Sherman's army was 
not so well dressed as the army of the Potomac, but 
their marching could not be excelled ; they gave the ap- 
pearance of men who had been thoroughly drilled to 
endure hardships, either by long and continuous marches 
or through exposure to any climate, without the ordinary 
shelter of a. camp. They exhibited also some of the 
order of march through Georgia where the "sweet 
potatoes sprung up from the ground," as Sherman's army 


went marching throagh. In the rear of a Company 
there would be a captured horse or mule loaded with 
small cooking utensils, captured chickens and other food 
picked up for the use of the men. Negro families who 
had followed the army would sometimes come along in 
the rear of the Company, with three or four children 
packed upon a single mule, and the mother leading it. 

"The sight was varied and grand. Nearly all day 
for two successive days, from the Capitol to the Treas- 
ury Building, could be seen a mass of orderly soldiers 
marching in columns of Companies. The National flag- 
was flying from almost every house and s|;ore; the 
windows were filled with spectators; the doorsteps and 
sidewalks were crowded with colored people and poor 
whites who did not succeed in securing better quarters 
from which to get a view of the grand armies. The 
city was about as full of strangers who had come to see 
the sights as it usually is on inauguration day, when a 
new President takes his seat." 

After this we had a free visit to all the public 
buildings of the Capitol, as well as the Capitol itself. 
The muster out and the sluggish trip home. A little 
delayed by red tape at Indianapolis and we were soon at 
home on June 18th, 1865. A. S. Butler. 


Residuary Battalion Co. A. 

Captain — 

Myers, George, not mustered as Captain ; prisoner of 
war, captured Nov. 25, '64. 
First Lieutenant — 

Kirk, Thomas, mustered out with battalion. 
First Sergeant — 

Nelson, De vastus W., mustered out July 25, '65. 
Sergeants — 

Cravens, Wesley, mustered out July 25, '65. 

Castetter, Ira, mustered out July 25, '65. 

Andrews, Isaac H., mustered out June 14, '65. 

Starkey, Thomas, mustered out June 14, '65. 
Corporals — 

Stephens, Benjamin, mustered out July 25, '65. 

Kennedy, John E., mustered out July 25, '65. 

Uppinghouse, Eli F., mustered out July 25, '65. 

Meek, James H., mustered out July 25, '65. 

Grecian, Isaac, mustered out July 25, '65. 

Myers, James C, mustered out July 25, '65, as 

Backert, Joseph, mustered out as Sergeant. 

Burlban, John, transferred to V. R. C. March 22, '65. 
Privates — 

Buchannan, John, mustered out July 25, '65. 

Brown, Harrison, mustered out July 25, '65. 

Brown, James P., mustered out July 25, '65. 

Bodine, Jeremiah M., mustered out eluly 25, '65. 

Bohlander, John, mustered out July 25, '65. 

Coplinger, Jacob M., mustered out July 25, '65. 

Cole, William, mustered out July 25, 65. 

Curren, Newton, mustered out July 25, '65. 

Crane, Cornelius E., mustered out July 25, '65. 

Corlin, Philip, mustered out July 25, '65. 

Carpenter, Oliver, mustered out July 25, '65, 


Cox, William A., mustered out July 25, '65. 
Cameron, John, mustered out July 25, '65. 
Christopher, Michael, mustered out July 25, '65. 
Cooney, John, killed at Broad River, 8. C, Fob. 19, '65. 
Coiles, John, killed at Columbia, S. C, Feb. 19, '65. 
Cochran, Levi, mustered out June 17, '65. 
Day, Mahlou, mustered out July 25, '65. 
Davis, Guilford D., mustered out July 25, '65. 
Dickerson, Newton, mustered out July 25, '65. 
Dunn, Samuel H., mustered out July 25, '65. 
Dairy mple, Charles, mustered out July 25, '65. 
Edens, Ezekiel, mustered out July 25, '65. 
Francisco, Obadiah A., mustered out July 25, '65, as 

French, Thomas, mustered out July 25, '65. 
Grey, Thomas, mustered out July 25, '65. 
Gibson, Charles, mustered out July 25, '65. 
Geokins, Harrison, died at Savannah, Ga., Jan. 19, '65. 
Horning, Lewis, mustered out July 25, '65. 
Horning, Andrew, mustered out July 25, '65. 
Hamilton, William, killed at Lewisville, (ia., Nov.25, '64. 
Hallet, John, mustered out July 25, '65. 
Hanna, John, mustered out July 25, '65. 
Heller, John, mustered out July 25, '65. 
Hess, Theodore, mustered out July 25, '65. 
Hollensbee, Edward, mustered out July 25, '65. 
Hoffmaster, Frederick, mustered out July 25, '65. 
Hanna, David, mustered out July 25, '65. 
Harry, James, mustered out July 25, '65. 
Jones, Stephen, mustered out July 25, '65. 
Kelley, William R., mustered out July 25, '65. 
Kinney, John, mustered out July 25, '65. 
Killy, Barnard, mustered out July 25, '65. 
Love, Lewis, mustered out July 25, 65. 
Love, George W., mustered out July 25, '65. 


Langly, Peter, mustered out July 25, 65. 
Linville, Thomas, mustered out July 25, ^65. 
Live, Harrison, mustered out June 17, '65. 
Morgan, Warren, mustered out June 17, '65. 
Maynard, Henry, discharged March 14, '65, for dis- 
McNew, John J., mustered out July 25, '65. 
Newberry, Granville, mustered out July 25, '65. 
Payton, John C, mustered out July 25, '65. 
Powell, John, mustered out July 25, '65. 
Purnell, Robert L., mustered out July 25, '65. 
Payne, William H., mustered out July 25, '65. 
Owen, John J., mustered out July 25, '65. 
Sutton, Reuben, mustered out July 25, '65. 
Swing, Jeremiah, mustered out July 25, '65. 
Stark, Thomas, mustered out July 25, '65. 
Stark, Benjamin F., mustered out July 25, '65. 
Sage, Elihu, mustered out July 25, '65. 
Snyder, John, mustered out July 25, '65. 
Spears, John, mustered out July 25, '65. • 

StoU, John G., mustered out July 25, '65. 
Spears, Joseph J., mustered out June 17, '65. 
Sanders, George W., mustered out June 17, '65. 
Summerville, James W., mustered out July 25, '65. 
Ward, Jonathan B., mustered out Dec. 16, '64. 
Way land, William A., mustered out July 25, '65. 
Wright, George W., mustered out July 25, '65. 
Wright, James, mustered out July 25, '65. 
Widener, Leonard, mustered out July 25, '65. 
Widener, Abram T., mustered out July 25, '65. 
Williamson, John, mustered out July 25, '65. 
Recruits — 

Buck master, Cyrus, mustered out July 25, '65. 
Dunlap, Samuel, mustered out July 25, '65. 
Fox, John, mustered out July 25, '65. 


Gookins, Harrison, died at Savannah, Ga., Jan. 19, '65. 
Graul, Joseph, mastered out July 25, '65. 
Hablizel, John, mustered out July 25, '65. 
Hampton, Hiram L., mustered out July 25, '65. 
Holbrook, Lucien P., mastered out July 25, '65. 
Hilton, Elbridge G., mustered out July 25, '65. 
Jerraid, William, mustered out July 25, '65. 
Dayton, Joseph W., mustered out June 15, '65. 
Proctor, Thomas, mustered out July 25, '65. 
Reeder, Samuel, mustered out July 25, '65. 
Shinabai^er, Hu^h P., mustered out July 25, '65. 
Shinabarger, John H., mustered out June 21, '65. 
Shinabarger, John, mustered out June 21, '65. 
Whitcomb, Orletus P., mustered out June 21, '65. 

Residuary Battalion Co. B. 

Captain — 

Carver, Socrates, mustered out with battalion. 
First Lieutenant — 

Coulter, James, mustered out with battalion. 
Secon(f Lieutenant — 

Day, Mitchel H., mustered out with battalion. 
First Sergeant — 

Davis, Marion, mustered out eJuly 25, '65. 
Sergeants — 

Barnard, James C, mustered out July 25, '65. 

Foster, Ellis W., mustered out July 25, '65. 

Hollingsworth, Joseph, mustered out July 25, '65. 

Childs, Edwin R., mustered out July 25, '65. 
Corporals — 

Nutt, Levi, mustered out July 25, '65. 

Bell, Andrew M., mustered out July 25, '65. . 

McCullum, Edward, mustered out July 25, '65. 

Winans, William F., mustered out July 25, '65. 

Winans, Frazier X., mustered out July 25, '65. 

Force, Nelson K., mustered out July 25, '65. 


Vogan, George W., mustered out July 25, '65. 
Bartlow, James H., mustered out July 25, '65. 
Privates — 
Anderson, Lucius L., mustered out July 25, '65. 
Aman, Frederick, mustered out July 25, '65. 
Butler, Alexander S., mustered out June 9, '6o. 
Brown, Theodore T., mustered out July 25, '65. 
Burgess, Joseph G., mustered out July 25, '65. 
Baker, Stephen, mustered out July 25, '65. 
Baker, Joshua, mustered out July 25, '65. 
Barnard, Oliver W., mustered out July 25, '65. 
Bloom, George, mustered out July 25, '65. 
Bowers, Myer, mustered out July 25, '65. 
Bowen, Thomas J., mustered out July 25, '65. 
Bastian, Sibrant, mustered out July 25, '65, 
Bainbridge, George W., mustered out July 25, '65. 
Bond, Levi L., mustered out July 25, '65. 
Daniels, William S., mustered out July 25, '65. 
Davis, Charles L., mustered out July 25, '65. 
Davis, Allen, mustered out July 25, '65. 
Emmett, William, mustered out July 25, '65. 
Edwards, Robert H., died at Chattanooga June 7, '64. 
Forrer, Martin H., mustered out July 25, '65. 
Graper, William F., died at Chattanooga Aug. 20, '(U. 
(Toltry, David, mustered out July 25, '65. 
Grob, Michael, mustered out July 25, '65. 
(ireen, James A., mustered out July 25, '65. 
Guire, John H., mustered out July 25, '65. 
Harvey, William W., mustered out July 25, '65. 
Hooks, George W., mustered out July 25, '65. 
Hearn, William T., mustered out June 17, '65. 
Harwood, Joseph, mustered out June 8, '65. 
Johnston, William F., mustered out May 19, '65. 
Kennett, Wiley, mustered out July 25, '65. 
Kennett, Abram G., mustered out June 9, '65. 


Kempner, William L., mustered out July 25, '65. 
Long, Woodson, mustered out July 25, '65. 
Lines, William M., died at Nashville Feb. 9, '65. 
Mitchell, David L., mustered out June 9, '65. 
Monroe, Calvin, discharged May 22, '65, disability. 
Marqu§tte, Jacob J., mustered out July 25, '65. 
McClain, Robert, mustered out July 25, '65. 
McClain, Tilford, mustered out July 25, '65. 
Morton, John, mustered out July 25, '65. 
Moore, Craven B., mustered out July 25, '65. 
Miller, William H., mustered out July 25, '65. 
Mitchell, Daniel, mustered out July 25, '65. 
Mullen, James M., mustered out July 25, '56. 
Phillips, William, mustered out July 25, '65. 
Phillips, Eli, mustered out July 25, '65. 
Koszell, Thomas, mustered out July 25, 65. 
Ileser, James H., mustered out July 25, '65. 
Stringer, James B., discharged Nov. 23, '64, disability. 
Smith, James, mustered out July 25, '65. 
Sharp, James W., mustered out July 25, '65. 
Scott, James W., mustered out July 25, '65. 
Taten, Samuel, mustered out June 17, '65. 
Thorn, John D., mustered out June 9, '65. 
Thompson, Samuel, mustered out July 25, '65. 
Van Meter, Thomas G., mustered out July 25, '65. 
Wilkinson, Isaac, mustered out June 17, '65. 
Wolstenholm, John, mustered out July 25, '65. 
Whitcomb, Lyman, mustered out July 25, '65. 
Yates, John, mustered out July 25, '65. 
Recruits — 

Brown, Henry, mustered out July 25, '65. 
Criswell, James W., mustered out July 25, '65. 
Druley, Edwin E., mustered out July 25, '65. 
Foster, William, mustered out July 25, '65. 
(Jreen, Edward M., mustered out July 25, '65, 


Greenwell, William, mustered out June 9, '65. 

Hand, Robert S., mustered out July 25, '65. 

Jones, James H., mustered out June 9, '65. 

Jones, Thomas E., mustered out June 9, '65. 

Lane, Edwin, mustered out June 9, '65. 

Lichtenberger, Peter, mustered out June 29, '65. 

Mitchell, Milton A., mustered out June 9, '65. 

Martin, Asa. 

Newman, Philip W., mustered out July 25, '65. 

Nichols, Peter L., mustered out June 3, '65. 

Pence, Lewis M., mustered out July 25, '65. 

Robins, James, mustered out July 25, '65. 

Robinson, James, mustered out July 25, '65. 

Smith, Granville, mustered out July 25, '65. 

Schweigert, Henry, mustered out July 25, '65. 

Setirt, William W., mustered out June 9, '65. 

StuU, John, mustered out June 9, '65. 

St. Clair, Jesse, mustered out June 9, '65. 

Tatman, William, mustered out July 25, '65. 

Thompson, John N., mustered out July 25, '65. 

Waters, Hosea M., died at Rockingham, N. C, 

March 8, '65. 
Williams, Denton, mustered out June 29, '65. 
Wyland, Benjamin F., mustered out June 9, '65. 
Yoder, John II., mustered out June 9, '65. 
Zeitler, Wolfgang, mustered out June 9, '65. 

Detachment Thirty-seventh Indiana, Commanded by Ser- 
geant John F. Wolverton. 

Beck, Frederick. 
Brooks, Lewis C, 
Bartlow, William H. 
Clark, Benjamin F. 
Cook, Abram. 
Daily, Barton N. 


Denham, James B. 

Denham, Benjamin. 

Fisher, James A. 

Fox, John H. 

Gamber, John. 

George, Atwell. 

Greenlee, James L. 

Hamlin, John. 

Hamlin, Omer. 

Keeler, Ira M. 

Keeler, John M. 

Kelly, William. 

Knapp, Abram. 

Larue, George N. 

Liming, Robert. 

Lowes, Cyrenus S. 

Martin, Milton. 

McKeeon, William. 

McKee, James C. 

McNeely, Birt. 

Millspaugh, George C. 

Rutherford, Anderson. 

Scott, Samuel. 

Scott, Joseph A. 

Schofield, Edward, killed at Bentonville, X. C. 

Sizelove, Joseph R. 

Shafer, Henry ,1. 

Stopper, William. 

True, Thomas F. 

Taylor, Squire A. 

Ward, James A. 

Wilson, Milton M., mustered out as Sergeant. 

Wooley,. James H., mustered out as Sergeant. 

Wood, Thomas J. 

Woodard, Charles W. 



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