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Full text of "The history and topography of the county of Clare, from the earliest times to the beginning of the 18th century"

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Division of Thomond before the English settlement of the 

County - - - - i 

Its ancient topography described by O'Donovan and O'Curry 2 
Rent-roll of O'Brien, King of Thomond, in the fourteenth 

century - - - - 4 



Included Kilfintinan, Kilkely, St. Munchin's and St. Patrick's 

parishes - - - - - 8 

Cratloe wood - - - - - 8 

Mountains of Slieve Oighidh-an-righ - - - 9 

Ancient Irish Deeds relating to lands situate in Kilfintinan - 9 

Kilfintinan parish - - - • - -n 

Killeely parish - - - - -12 

St. Patrick's parish - - - - - l 3 



Families of O'Loghlen and O'Connor - - - 14 

Islands of Arran formed part of Corcomroe - - 15 

Historical notices of Corcomroe - - - J 5 

School of the O'Davorens, professors of law at Cahermac- 

naghten - - - - - *7 

Duald MacFirbis a scholar there - - - *7 

1 >ced of partition of land between the sons of O'Davoren - 1 ^ 
Deed of submission to the Earl of Thomond, executed by the 

O'Loghlens - - - - -20 

I-irge number of stone built Cahers in Burren and Corcomroe 2 1 

Abbey parish - - - - — 

Abbey of Corcomroe - - - 2 - 


Family of O'Hynes - - - -23 

Road of Corcair-na-cleirach - - - - 24 

Drumcreehy parish - - - - 24 

Oughtmama parish - - " . - . 25 

Ancient churches at Oughtmama - - - " 2 5 

Curious legend of St. Colman MacDuach - - 26 

Finavarra, the residence of the O'Dalys - - 27 

Carran parish - - - - - -7 

Ancient church of St. Cronan, remarkable window - 27 

Valley and Church of St. Columbkiile - - -28 

Noughaval parish - - - - . 2 o 

Gleninagh parish - - - - - 2 g 

Killonaghan parish - - - - - 30 

Kilmoon parish - - - - . 30 

Castle of Fineen Fitzpatrick, and house of O'Davoren at 

Lisdoonvarna - - - - - 31 

Killeany parish - - - . - 31 

Rathborney parish - - - - - 32 

Genealogy of the family of OXoghlen - - - 34 


Magh Adhair the place of inauguration of the O'Briens as 

Kings of Thomond - - - - x- 

Castles and possessions of the MacXamaras - . -75 

They change the name of Ui Caisin into east and west 

Clanculein - - - - - ^6 

Two principal families of their name, viz. Finn and Reagh - 36 
They absorb into their territory nearly the whole eastern" part 

of Thomond - - - - - 36 

Rent-roll of MacNamara in the fourteenth century - ->■» 

Notices of the MacXamaras in the Annals of the Four 

Masters - - - - -40 

Treaty between MacNamara and the Earl of Thomond a.d. 

r 5"° . " - - - 43 

Kilraghtis parish - - - - - 46 

Martyrdom of priests and friars, described by Father Anthonv 

Brody - - - - - 47 

Templemaley parish - - - - 47 

Dr. James Neylan of Ballyallia - . <$ 

Inchicronan parish - - -48 

Doora parish - - - - -40 

Clooney parish - - - - - so 

Quin parish - - - - -51 


Quirt Abbey 

Irish Deeds relating to lands in Quin parish 

Tulla parish 

Irish Deeds relating to lands in Tulla parish 

Kilmurry parish 

Pedigree of John MacNamara of Cratloe 


5 7' 



Kilfinaghta parish - 

Irish Deeds relating to lands in Kilfinaghta parish 



Ogonnelloe parish 



Corcabaskin divided into two parts - - 

Clonderalaw Castle - 

References made to East Corcabaskin in Annals of the Four 

Masters - 

John MacMahon, a Jesuit, hanged in England 
Killimer parish ----- 
Kilmurry MacMahon parish - - 

Kilmihil parish - 

Killofin parish _.«.-- 
Kilfiddane parish - - - - - 

Killadysert parish, Abbey of Canon Island 
Kilchreest parish - - - - - 

Irish Deed relating to lands in Kilchreest parish - 
Clondagad parish - 
Pedigree of the MacMahons of Clonderalaw and Clenagh 







Account of Corcabaskin west - - -76 

Its original inhabitants dispossessed by the MacMahons - 76 

Family of Cahane, or Keane - - - - 76 

St. Sinan of Scattery Island - - - - 7 7 

Extracts relating to west Corcabaskin taken from the Annals 

of the Four Masters - - - - 77 

Kilrush parish - - - - - 80 

Scattery Island - - - -81 


Sketch of the Life of St. Senan 

Reference made to Iniscathy by the Four Masters, and by 

other writers ----- 
Ancient Mortgages of lands situate in Kilrush parish 
Killard parish : — Ancient Irish Deed relating to land in this 

parish - 

Kilfearagh parish - - - - - 

Moyarta parish ----- 
Kilballyowen parish - 

Kilmacduane parish - 

Pedigree of MacMahon of West Corcabaskin 







Extracts from Annals of the Four Mastos relating to 

Corcomroe - - - - - 93 

MacClancys brehons of Thomond - - - 95 

MacClancy, first High Sheriff of Clare - - - 96 

Spanish Armada — cruelty of MacClancy towards the mariners 96 
Extracts from Annals of the Four Masters relating to the family 

of MacClancy - - - - - 97 

Kilfenora parish — Cathedral Church and Tombs - - 98 
Diocese of Kilfenora — List of its Bishops, Catholic and 

Protestant - - - - - 101 

Kilmacreehy parish - 107 

Kilaspuglonane parish — Family of MacCurtin - - 108 

Kilshanny parish - - - - - 109 

Clooney parish - - - - - no 

Killilagh parish - - - - - no 
Kilmanaheen parish - - - -in 

Kiltoraght parish - - - - - 112 



Boundaries of this district — OTIehirs the owners - - 1 1 •> 
Drumcliff parish — Church and Round Tower — Clonroad 

Castle - - - - - 113 

Notices of Franciscan Abbey at Funis - - . tI , 

Kilmaley parish - - - - - 120 

Killone parish - - - - - 120 

Clare Abbey parish — Account of its Abbey - -121 



Family of O'Giady — Deed of Assignment made by O'Grady 

to the Earl of Thomond - - - I22 

Tomgraney parish — Church and Round Tower - - I2 5 

Moynoe parish - - - - -127 



Identical with the present barony of Inchiquin — O'Deas, 

O'Griffys, and O'Quins - - - - 128 

Killinaboy parish — Tombs in Church of Killinaboy— Coad 

Church - - - - - 129 

Castle of Inchiquin — Ancient Irish Deed relating to lands in 

this parish - - - - - [31 

Ancient chalices in the possession of the parish priest - 132 

Kilkeedy parish - - - - " - 132 

Dysert parish — Church, Round Tower, Tombs, and Cross at 

Dysert - - - . . 133 

Inagh parish— Ogham stone on Mount Callan - -135 

Rath parish - - - . - 137 

Kilnamona parish - - - . - 139 

Ruan parish — Family of MacBrody hereditary poets of 

Thomond ..... l ^ Q 
Certificate of Conor MacBrody, prefixed to the Annals of the 

Four Masters authenticating that work - 140 


Churches and Tombs situate in Gleann Omra . 141 



Family of MacGorman 

Inundation of the sea in the year 804— certain lands 

submerged - - - - 145 

Curious Will - - - 146 

Kilfarboy parish - - . - - 147 

Kilmurry parish - - . . - 147 

O'Briens of Tromroe Castle - 14S 

Andrew Buidh MacCurtin - - - -149 

Pedigree of the Family of MacGorman - - - 150 



Clonlea parish - - - - - 151 

Kilseily parish — Family of Bridgeman - - - 152 

O'Briensbridge parish - - - - 153 


Killuran parish — Ancient Irish Deed relating to lands in 

Killuran - - - - - 154 

Kilnoe parish — Ancient Deed of Mortgage of lands situate 

in this parish - - - - - 155 



Killaloe parish — St. Flannan first bishop of Killaloe - 157 

List of the Bishops of Diocese of Killaloe - - 157 

Cathedral church of Killaloe - - - - 174 

Original church of St. Molua standing on a small island in 

the Shannon ----- 175 

Duirteach adjoining Cathedral - - - 175 

Site of the palace of Brian Boroimhe - - - 176 

Description of Brian's royal feasts - - - 176 

Extracts from the Annalists relating to Kincora and the town 

of Killaloe - - - - -177 

Cragliath - - - - - 179 

Kiltenanlea parish - - - - - 1S0 

O'Briensbridge parish - - - - 1S0 



Ancient Irish Deeds relating to lands situate in Tradraighe - 1S2 
Bunratty parish — The castle of Bun ratty long the residence of 

the Earls of Thomond - - - - 1S5 

Parishes of Clonloghan and Droniline - - - 1S7 

Feenagh parish — School of the Maoclconerys at Ardkyle - 1S7 

Kilconry parish — Feenish Island - - - 1S9 

Kilmaleery parish — Kilnasoolagh parish - - 190 

Tomfmlough parish — Ruins of Great Caher at Mooghaun - 191 

Deed of Mortgage of lands situate in this parish - - 193 


Feakle parish - - - - - 194 




From the earliest times, to the death of De Clare, and 
expulsion of the english in 1318. 


Settlement of the Firbolgs in Burren and Corcomroe - 196 

Authentic History of Thomond begins about the year a.d. 954 197 
The O'Briens — Lachtna, uncle of Brian Boroimhe - 197 

Mahone, another uncle, succeeds to the sovereignty of South 

as well as of North Munster - - - 19S 

Brian Boroimhe succeeds - 199 

Character and actions of Brian, particularly as connected with 

Thomond - - - - - 199 

Repairs round towers and churches - - - 200 

Enormous contributions of Thomond to Brian's tribute - 200 

Brian succeeded by his son Donogh - - - 200 

Great famine in 1050 - - ... 201 

Invasion of Thomond by Hugh O'Connor king of Connaught 201 
Turlogh O'Brien succeeds Donogh in the sovereignty of South 

Munster - - - - - 201 

During his reign, the Archbishop of Armagh collects St. 

Patrick's tribute, "Cios Phadruic" - - - 202 

Turlogh succeeded by his son Murtagh More - - 202 

Quarrelsome character of Murtagh - - - 203 

Dermot — Conor-na-Catharac — and Turlogh, successive kings 

of Thomond ----- 205 
Defeat of Turlogh at Moinmore, near Emly - - 206 

Names of various chieftains of the Dalcais who perished in 

the battle ----- 206 
Donald More O'Brien, in the strife with his neighbours, calls 

in the aid of the English - - - - 20S 

Afterwards turns upon them and drives them out of Limerick 20S 
Donogh Cairbreach O'Brien does homage to King John - 209 
Conor-na-Suidaine O'Brien sends his son to a meeting of the 

Irish provincial kings at Caeluisce - - - 210 

Importance of that meeting as deciding the future destiny of 

Ireland - - - - - 210 

Fatal decision arrived at - - -211 

M onument of Conor-na-Suidaine O'Brien at Corcomroe Abbey 2 1 2 
Brian Roe O'Brien inaugurated king of Thomond at Magh 

Adhair - - - - - 212 

Thomas d?. Clare - - - - -212 

Brian Roe's succession contested by his nephew Turlogh - 2 12 



He appeals for succour to Thomas de Clare son of the Earl 

of Gloucester - - - - -212 

Their united forces defeated at Moygreason - - 214 

Death of Brian Roe under circumstances of savage atrocity 

by de Clare - - - - - 214 

Turlogh inaugurated King - - - - 214 

Is opposed by Donald son of Brian Roe, assisted by de Clare 215 
Death of Donald at the castle of Quin - - - 216 

Death of Turlogh - - - - - 216 

Extent of the kingdom of North Thomond : comprising, 

beside the whole county of Clare, various districts in 

Tipperary, Limerick, and Galway - - - 217 

The MacNamaras contend with the Ui Bloids — Names of the 

families of these latter - - - - 217 

List of the families who supported the MacNamaras - 218 

Description of MacNamara's dress - - - 218 

Battle of Kilgorey in which the Clan Culein were victorious - 21S 
Further struggles of the O'Briens with de Clare for supremacy 219 
Murrogh O'Brien calls a meeting of his partisans at Rathlaheen 22 1 
List of his supporters - 222 

Donogh O'Brien opposes him — Names of the adherents of 

Donogh ----- 222 

They meet and fight near Corcomroe Abbey - - 223 

Donogh slain and his forces utterly defeated - - 223 

De Clare collects his partisans and fights the people of 

Thomond at Dysert O'Dea - - - 224 

Defeat and death of de Clare - - - 224 



From the death of de Clare in 13 iS, to the Settlement 
of Thomond as an English County in 15S0. 

Power of the MacNamaras in the Eastern parts of Thomond 227 



Number of their castles in 15 78 
Successive kings of Thomond - 

Brian-Catha-an-Aonaigh fights a battle at Manister, near 

Croom, and gains the victory 
Teige-an-Chomhaid invades Limerick, and imposes a tax on 

the inhabitants - 

He dies at his castle on the lake of Inchiquin - - 229 

Conor-na-srona defeats the Karl of Kildare at Ballyhickey - 2 ^o 
Turlogh Donn defeats the Earl of Kildare near Limerick - 2^1 




His death — Is succeeded by his son Conor, from the sons of 
whom were descended the Earls of Thomond and 
Inchiquin - 233 

Conor, the last O'Brien who ruled as King of Thomond - 234 

His death — Murrogh the Tanist succeeds, and surrenders his 
kingly title, receiving from the English instead an Earl- 
dom and the ownership, in fee simple, of all his lands - 236 

MacNamara and O'Grady also surrendered their ancient 

claims and titles - - - - 237 

Law of primogeniture introduced and resistance to this inno- 
vation ..... 23S 

Fury of the people on being deprived of the right of owner- 
ship of their lands .... 238 

Death of Donogh, second Earl, and appointment by the 
people to the chieftaincy of Thomond of his half brother 
Donald ..... 239 

Conor O'Brien, third Earl, supported by the English, drives 

out Donald, and promises obedience to English laws - 241 

Repents of his promise, and attacks the Queen's President of 

the Province of Connaught - - - 243 

Ormond comes to chastise his duplicity - -' - 243 

He flies to France ----- 244 

From thence he appeals to Elizabeth for pardon ; is received 

into favour, and invited to the Court of England - 244 

Sir Henry Sidney, Lord Deputy, visits Thomond - - 245 

Sir William Drury, Lord President of Munster, holds an 

assizes at Ennis - - '' - - 246 

Death of Conor O'Brien .... 2 -j6 


History of the County of Clare from 1580 to 1641. 

First measures taken for the conversion of Thomond into an 

English County .... 24S 

Indenture to that effect between Sir John Perrott and the 

principal inhabitants ... - 248 

Names of these - 24S 

Terms of agreement - - - - 249 

Revolt of Mahone O'Brien of Clondoovan - - 251 

A gaol established at Ennis, and seventy persons hanged at 

the assizes there - - - - 2 5 l 

Extracts from the Annals of the Four Masters of contem- 
porary events - - - - - -5 1 

The Spanish Armada - - - - 252 

Expedition of the Earls of Thomond and Inchiquin to the- 
North - - - - -2*4 



Death of Inchiquin .... 254 

Attempt of the Bourkes of Castleconnell to dispossess his 

widow of the lands of Portcrusha - - - 254 

Disputes as to the exclusive right of the eldest son to succeed 

to the whole of his father's estate - - - 255 

Teige Caech MacMahon captures a derelict ship - - 255 

Pernicious Political Institutions of the Irish - - 256 

Raid made on Clare by Red Hugh O'Donnell in 1599 - 257 

Another raid in 1600 .... 259 

Soldiers sent from Galway to compel the chiefs of Thomond 

to submission - 260 

Assizes held at Ennis .... 261 

Sonnet attributed to Sir Turlogh O'Brien of Ennistymon - 261 
Donogh, Earl of Thomond, attacks Teige Caech MacMahon 262 
Death of Teige Caech, and extinction of the line of the chiefs 

of West Corcabaskin - - - - 262 

Raid made by the Bourkes of Galway on Clare - - 264 

The Earl of Thomond supports the English - - 264 

Strafford fraudulently seeks to break landowners titles to their 

estates - 265 


Inquisitions relating to County of Clare — Reign of 

John MacNamara of Montallon ; Teige O'Brien of Smiths- 
town ._-•_. 26S 

Edraond O'Bradie of Tomgraney ; John M'Inerney of Bally- 
kilty - - 268 

Francis Agard of Tomgraney ; Donogh O'Brien of Dromoland 269 

Turlogh O'Brien of Smithstown ; Mahone O'Brien of Clon- 

dowan - - - - - 270 

Hugh MacClancy of Toomullin ; Flan Xeylan of Kilnacally- 271 

William Xeylan of Ballymacahill ; Sir Daniel O'Brien of 

Ennistymon - - - - - 272 

Gilladuff MacNamara of Tyredagh ; Donald Reagh Mac- 
Namara of Fortanc - - - - -73 

Donogh Beg O'Brien of Dromfinglass ; Turlogh O'Brien of 

Fonire - - - - - 274 

Sir Turlogh O'Brien of Ennistymon ; Turlogh O'Brien of 

Ballyportry - - - - ■ -74 

Patrick Morgan of Fnagh O'Flynn; Murtagh O'Erien of 

Tulla ' - - - - - 274 

Donogh O'Brien of Dromoland ; Murrogh O'Brien (the 

Tanist) - - - - - -75 

CONTENTS. -xiii 


Inquisitions relating to County of Clare — Reign of 
James I. 


Daniel Neylan bishop of Kildare ; Murrogh, third Baron of 

Inchiquin ----- 277 

Conor O'Brien of Castletown ; Maurice, bishop of Killaloe - 27S 
MahoneM'InerneyofBallysallagh; CollaMacS weeny of Kilkee 280 
Daniel O'Connor of Glaniconner ; Dermot, fourth Baron of 

Inchiquin - 281 

Daniel Oge Reagh MacNamara of Fortane ; Maurice, bishop 

of Killaloe - - - - - 2S1 

Teige Caech MacMahon of Carrigaholt ; Daniel Neylan of 

Ballyallia - - - - - 2S4 

Teige, son of Daniel Oge Reagh MacNamara ; Turlogh 

Merigagh O'Brien - 285 

Daniel O'Brien of Ballygriffy ; Maccon MacXamara of Dangan 286 
Inquiry at Tulla as to ownership of certain lands given by 

MacNamara to the church - - - 286 

Edward White of Cratloe ; Turlogh O'Brien of Smithstown - 28S 
Aney O'Brien of Tullaghmore ; Teige Caech MacMahon - 289 
Brian O'Connor of Ballyvorda ; Rory O'Halloran of Killanena 290 
Fineen Oge MacNamara of Kilmurry ; Donogh MacNamara 

of Derrymore - 290 

Donogh MacNamara of Rosslara ; John Reagh MacNamara 

ofRossroe - - - - - 291 

Teige O'Ruddan of Cloonmunnia; Conor O'Brien of Leamaneh 292 
Donald Merigagh MacNamara of Ballinahinch ; The Earl of 

Thomond ----- 293 
Dermot, Baron of Inchiquin ; Richard Wingfield - - 297 

Turlogh O'Brien of Tullaghmore ; Teige, and Slaney O'Brien 

ofBoneil - - - - 298 

Donogh Grana O'Brien of Magowna ; Aney O'Brien of 

Tullaghmore - - - - - 299 

John More MacNamara of Kiltanon ; Nicholas Stritch of 

Limerick ----- 299 

Conor O'Brien of Leamaneh ; John MacNamara Finn of 

Dangan ----- 300 


Inquisitions relating to County of Clare — Reign of 
Charles I. 
Mclaghlm MacGorman of Dromellihy j Teige MacMahon of 

Clonderalaw - - - - - 01 - 

Donogh MacNamara of Ballinahinch ; Teige O'Ruddan of 

Cloonmunnia - - - - - 3 01 



Murrogh Caech O'Brien of Inishmacowney ; Oliver 

O'Davoren of Lissylisheen - - - 301 

Daniel MacGorman of Dromellihy ; Daniel MacNamara of 

Dangan - 302 

More O'Connor of Glaniconner ; John MacNamara of 

Knoppoge ----- 302 
Donogh MacNamara of Ballynevan; Daniel O'Connor of 

Glaniconner - 302 

Kennedy MacBrian of Rineanna ; Teige MacNamara of 

Clonboy - 303 

Shane and Daniel MacNamara of Enagh ; Donogh Mac- 
Namara of Derrymore - 303 
Daniel Dorrogh Clancy of Tomelagh ; Donogh O'Carmody 

of Clondrinagh - 303 

Turlogh O'Brien of Dough ; Melaghlin MacGorman of 

Dromellihy - 303 

Donald Meregagh MacNamara of Ballylaghnan ; Donald 

Crom O'Cloghessy of Ballinagleragh - - 304 

Rickard MacGillareagh of Liskilloge ; Daniel MacSweeney of 

Cushcruagh - 304 

Cumarra MacNamara of Carrowmeere ; Cuvea MacNamara 

of Ardclooney - - 304 

Fineen MacNamara of Rossroe ; Sheeda NacNamara of 

Rossroe - 304 

Turlogh O'Brien of Ballymulcashel ; Daniel O'Brien of 

Cloghaunbeg ----- 305 
Dermot MacCahane of Ballyownan ; John O'Molony of 

Kilboggoon ----- 305 
Teige and Conor Oge O'Molony of Kilboggoon ; Turlogh 

MacMahon of Craghera - 305 

Daniel O'Brien of Carrigaholt ; Mahone O'Ruddan of 

Ardmaclancy ----- 305 
Owen O'Cahane of Lisdeen ; Mahone Oge MacNamara of 

Coolreagh - - 306 

Conor MacNamara of Bealkelly; John MacNamara of Bally- 

mulroney ----- 305 

Owney O'Loghlen of Muckinish ; Mahone Oge MacGillareagh 

of Laval ly - - - - - 307 

Teige O'Brien of Ballymulcashel ; Murtagh O'Brien of 

Tullagh - - - - - 307 

Murrogh O'Cashea of Lismoraban ; Daniel O'Shanny of 

Ballyshanny ----- ^07 
Melaghlin O'Loghlen of Gragans ; Thomas O'Cahill of 

Carrownielly ----- ^oS 
Donogh MacGillareagh of Clondrinagh ; Conor Reagh 

MacNamara of Drumguilc, - - 30S 



Daniel MacSweeney of Cassernagh j Patrick Fanning of 

Ballyarrilly ----- 309 
Murtagh Cam MacMahon of Sheeaun ; Donogh MacNamara 

of Derrymore ----- 309 
Donogh MacNamara of Rosslara; Donogh MacNamara of 

Ballynevan ----- 309 
Conor O'Carmody of Clondrinagh • Maccon MacNamara of 

Aughinish ----- 310 
Cuvarra MacNamara of Coolreagh ; Brian O'Connor of 

Bally vranyn - - - - - 310 

Nicholas Comyn of Ballyvorda ; Donogh O'Brien of Newtown 310 
Thomas MacNamara of Kilcornan ; James Comyn of 

Ballyvorda - - - - - 311 

Daniel MacNamara of Kilbarron ; James Burnell of Ranaghan 311 
Sir Donogh O'Grady, Edmond Roe MacSweeney of Bally- 

uaddane - - - - - 311 

Murrogh O'Brien of Ballykinnacurra ; Turlogh Roe Mac- 
Mahon of Clonderalaw - - - - 312 
Sir Teige MacMahon Bart. ; George Cusack of Aughrim - 313 
Murtagh MacMahon of Carrigerry ; Teige Roe MacMahon of 

Derrycrossane - - - - 313 

Thomas O'Cloghessy of Ballynaglearagh ; John and Cuvarra 

MacNamara of Coolreagh - - - 314 

Maurice Mulconry of Cullane ; Thomas MacGorman of 

Drumdigus - - - - - 314 

Thomas MacMahon of Sheeaun ; Conor Xysaght of Bally- 

- breen : - - - - 315 

Teige MacGorman of Tullycrine ; Teige MacNamara of 

Knockbeha - - - - - 315 

John Evans of Liscreagh ; Sir Daniel O'Brien of Carrigaholt 315 
Conor Oge O'Loghlen of Carron ; Sir John MacNamara - 315 
Daniel' O'Neylan of Kilcarragh; Constantius Clancy of 

Killonaghan - - - - - 316 

Dermot MacNamara of Clontra ; Teige MacNamara of 

Garruragh - - - - 316 

Cormuck O'Cahill of Ballymaclennan ; Mahone Fitzpatrick 

of Killadysert - - - - - 3 l6 

Dermot MacNamara of Boynagh ; Donogh O'Carmody of 

Clondrinagh - - - - - 3 X 7 

Thomas O'Cahill of Ballymaclenan ; John O'Grady of 

Fossamore - - - - - 3*7 

Teige MacNamara of Ardcloney ; Donogh MacSweeney of 

Casherna - - - - - 3 J 7 

Donogh O'Loghlen of Moygowna; John MacNamara of 

Carrowreagh - - - - 3 lS 

' lenry Blake of Gahvay ; Sir John MacNamara of Mountallon 3 iS 



Sheeda MacNamara of Moynoe ; Donogh MacNamara of 

Truogh - - - - 319 

Mahone MacNamara of Kilkishen - - - 319 

Conor O'Brien of Ballyportry ; John Neylan of Bally- 

macahill - - - - - 320 

Simon Morris of Ballyliddane; John MacNamara Finn of 

Dangan - - - - - 320 

Conor Kisilla of Carrowreagh ; Rickard MacGillareagh of 

Cloondrinagh - - - - - 321 

Daniel MacNamara of Ballinahinch ; Gilladuff O'Molony of 

Glandree - - - - - 321 

William Neylan of Clooneen ; Robert Burnell of Ranaghan - 322 
John MacNamara of Danganbrack ; Teige MacNamara cf 

Castletown - - - - - 323 

John Neylan of Ballymacahill ; Donogh O'Molony of 

Glandree - 323 

Sir Rowland Delahoyde, Thomas Arthur, Sir Geoffrey Gahvay 324 
Daniel Crom O'Cloghessy of Ballynagleragh ; Scanlan 

MacGorman of Cahermurphy - - - 325 

Thomas O'Cloghessy of Lissanair ; Conor Clancy of Kildima 325 
Teige O'Molony of Glandree ; Donogh MacNamara of 

Ballynagleragh - - - - 325 

John MacNamara of Coolreagh ; Dermot, Baron of Inchi- 

quin - - - - - 326 

Sir John MacNamara of Mountallon - - -327 


Inquisitions relating to County of Clare — Time of 


James Martin of Castlekeale - 32S 

Thomas Wallcott, James Fitzgerald, John Leonard - 331 

Redmond Magrath of Tyredagh ; Donogh MacNamara of 

' Glensleade ----- 332 
Murrogh O'Brien of Moanreel - - - 332 

Lands granted by Daniel Viscount Clare before his attainder 333 
Mahone Fitzpatrick of Liscormack ; Francis Willoughby - 335 
Turlogh MacMahon of Killofin ; Conor MacMahon of 

Moyadda - - - - 335 

John Long, Conor MacMahon of Kilmore ; Cary Dillon - 335 
Brian MacMahon of Killimer ; Francis Willoughby - 335 

Conor MacMahon of Knock : Francis Willoughby - 336 

Peter Creagh and John Curnane of Kilmoon ; Fat Lysaght 

and L. White of Granaglun - - -336 



John MacNamara, and Cary Dillon of Cragleigh ; Stephen 

Roche of Fossabeg .... 336 

Theobald Butler, Miler Hiffernan, and Thomas Grady of 

Fcssamore - - - - - 3 36 

John Cooper, and White of Tomfinloe ; John MacNamara of 

Doon, and Theobald Butler - - - 336 

John Clignettand Lady Shelbourne, William King of Rossroe, 

and Sir Henry Ingoldsby - - - 337 

Donogh O'Callaghan, Ignatius Casey, and William Hickman 

of Rehy - - - - - 337 

William Ryan, and Cormuck Ryan - - - 337 


1641. Rising of the Catholics — Siege of Ballyallia 

News of the rising in the North reaches Clare - - 338 

The people take arms with a view to the expulsion from the 

County of Lord Thomond's Protestant tenants - 338 

Names of the more important of these tenants - - 339 

The Earl of Thomond convenes a meeting of the principal 

gentry of the County at Ennis - - 340 

Organises a force for the protection of the property of the 

English settlers .... 340 

Oliver, and John Delahoyde of Fomerla plunder their 

Protestant neighbours - - - - 341 

Owney Oge O'Loghlen of Gregans drives away the cattle of 

Gregory Hickman and George Colpoys - - 342 

The O'Gradys expel the foreigners . - - 342 

A ship laden with the goods of James Martin and others 

attacked on the Shannon - - - 344 

Donogh MacNamara sent to the North to receive instructions 

from Sir Phelim O'Neill - 344 

William and John Bridgeman take refuge in the castle of 

Dromore ..... 344 

Maurice Cuffe resolves to defend the castle of Ballyallia against 

the Irish Catholics - - - 345 

Ust of the principal men of that party. Progress of the 

siege - - - - - 347 

1 he castle of Inchicronan attacked by the O'Gradys and the 

^ O'Shaughnessys .... 350 

1 all) allia surrendered. Names of the garrison - - 353 




Depositions of Protestant Settlers, 1642. 

■ .-'._-. PAGE 

James Vandeleur of Sixmilebridge ; Gregory Hickman of 

Barntick; John Ward of Tromroe Castle - - 355 

Depositions relating to Doonass ; to Kilrush 3 to Castlebank ; 

to Inchicronan ... - 360 

Depositions relating to Ballyharaghan ; to the neighbourhood 

of Ennis ; to Kilfenora - - - - 364 

Depositions relating to Sixmilebridge ; to Ogonnello ; to 

Corofin ; to Doora - - - - 367 

Depositions relating to Latoon, and to Coonagh, near Limerick 370 


Catholic Confederation. 
Confederation of Kilkenny - - - - 371 

Murrogh-an-Tothain, Baron and Earl of Inchiquin — Frequent 

changes of his political and religious creed - - 37 1 

Barnabas, Earl of Thomond ; his vascillating conduct ; forced 

to receive a contingent of English troops into his castle 

ofBunratty - - - - 372 

Presbyterian fleet arrives in the Shannon and anchors at Grass 

Island - - - - 37 2 

Importance of Bunratty as a strategical position - - 373 

The Confederate Catholics resolve to wrest it from the 

Parliamentarians - - - - 373 

Siege of the Castle - - - - - 373 

Description of the Palace and park of Lord Thomond at 

Bunratty; its noble herd of deer - - - 373 

Surrender of the place to the Catholics, and the standards 

found there sent to Limerick by Rinuccini, the Papal 

Legate . . . . . 37 6 

Rejoicings at Limerick - - - - 376 

Ireton crosses the Shannon at O'Briensbridge and Castle- 

connell, and marches to Limerick - - - 377 

Siege of that city - - 378 

A detachment of troops, under command of Ludlow, ordered 

to proceed from Limerick into Clare - - 378 

They blow up Carrigahult, rout the Irish at Ennis, and hang 

Conor O'Brien - - - - 379 

After a little time the Cromwellians become masters of nearly 

the whole County - - - - 379 

Ludlow gives a full account of his progress through Clare - 380 
Declaration of the Confederated Catholics at Kilkenny signed 

by several Clare men - - - .383 


Ruin and depopulation of the County consequent on the 

Cromwellian conquest - 383 

Census taken by Sir William Petty in 1659 ; names of the 

principal householders .... 384 
Merciless rigour of Cromwell's lieutenants, and wholesale 

murders committed by them - - - 386 

Irish inhabitants transported to Barbadoes - - 387 

Murrogh, Earl of Inchiquin ; sketch of his character ; his 

death - - - 388 


Act of Settlement — Court of Claims. 

Clare reserved for Transplanted Papists ; Names of several of 

these ------ 390 

Specimens of petitions of Innocent Papists - - 391 

John MacNamara of Cratloe ; Mary O'Brien, widow of Conor 

O'Brien of Leamaneh - 393 

Survey and maps of the County made by Sir William Petty - 396 
Book of Forfeitures and Distributions - - 397 


Book of Forfeitures and Distributions. 

Barony of Bunratty Lower. 

Bunratty parish ; Clonloghan parish ; Drumline parish ; 

Feenagh parish - - - 399 

Kilconry parish ; Kilfmaghta parish ; Kilfintinan parish - 403 

Killeely parish ; Kilmaleery parish ; Kilmurry parish ; Kilna- 

soolagh parish - - - - - 410 

St. Munchin's parish ; St. Patrick's parish ; Tomfinlogh parish 417 


Book of Forfeitures and Distributions — continued. 
Baronies of Bunratty Upper, Burren, and Clonderalaw. 
Darony of Bunratty Upper — 

Clnoney parish ; Doora parish ; Inchicronan parish : 

Kilraghtis parish - - - - 420 

Quin parish ; Templemaley parish - - - 436 

Harony of Burren — 
Abbey parish ; Carran parish ; Drumcreehy parish ; Gleni- 

nagh parish ----- 436 
killona^han parish ; Kilcorney parish ; Kilmoon parish ; 
Xoughaval parish - - - - 44 1 


Barony of Clonderalaw — PAGE 

Kilchreest parish ; Kilfiddane parish ; Killadysert parish ; 

Killimer parish - - - - 447 

Killofin parish ; Kilmihil parish ; Kilmurry parish - 453 


Book of Forfeitures and Distributions — continued. 
Baronies of Corcomroe, and Inchiquin. 
Barony of Corcomroe — 

Clooney parish ; Kilfenora parish ; Killaspuglonane parish ; 

Killilagh parish - - - - 458 

Kilmacreehy parish ; Kilmanaheen parish ; Kilshanny 
parish - - - . . 466 

Barony of Inchiquin — 

Dysert parish ; Inagh parish ; Kilkeedy parish ; Killinaboy 

parish - - - . . 470 

Kilnamona parish ; Rath parish ; Ruan parish - -482 


Book of Forfeitures and Distributions— continued. 

Baronies of Islands, Ibrickan, Moyarta, Tulla Lower, 
and Tulla Upper. 
Barony of Islands — 

Clare Abbey parish ; Clondagad parish ; Drumcliff parish 491 
Killone parish ; Kilmaley parish - - . 403 

Barony of Ibrickan - r . 

Barony of Moyarta — 

Kilballyowen parish; Kilfearagh parish; Kilmacduan parish; 
Kilrush parish ; Moyarta parish - - - 504 

Barony of Tulla Lower — 

Clonlea parish ; Killaloe parish ; Killokennedy parish • 

Killuran parish - - - - 507 

Kilseily parish ; Kiltenanlea parish ; O'Briensbridge parish ; 

Ogonnelloe parish - - - - 512 

Barony of Tulla Upper — 

Feakle parish ; Kilnoe parish ; Moynoe parish ; Tomgraney 

parish - - - - . 5 , 8 

Tulla parish - - - - - 523 


Period of the Commonwealth, and Reign of Charles II. 


Commissioners appointed at Limerick to levy monthly 

subsidies on the County of Clare - - - 527 

These subsidies fixed at ,£400 per month - -528 

Various orders relating to government of the County issued 

by Commissioners - - - - 52S 

Their harsh conduct - - - - 528 

Subsidy rolls — Specimens of these - - - 532 

Valuation for taxing purposes made of the several baronies - 532 
Lord Orrery made Governor of Munster - - 533 

Letters from him to the Duke of Ormond describing the 

condition of Clare .... 533 


Thomas Dineley's Journal relating to the County of 
Clare - - ... .534 


List of Protestant ministers in Clare, in 1622 - - 548 

List of some Catholic Priests in the same year - - 549 

Very Rev. Mahone Magrath, Catholic Vicar-General of the 

Diocese of Killaloe in 1622 - -~ - 550 

Ecclesiastical Courts held at Killaloe - - - 550 

List of Protestant ministers in the Diocese of Kilfenora - 551 

Only three Protestant ministers permitted by Cromwell for 

the whole County - - - - 551 

List of lands, and value of same belonging to Killaloe and 

Kilfenora - - - - - 552 

Policy of persecution adopted by the English - - 553 

Names of several Catholic priests martyred for their faith - 553 
Franciscan friars seized at Breantre and imprisoned by Lord 

Orrery - - - - - 554 

Depositions of these friars ... - 554 

I >r. John O'MoIony, Bishop of Killaloe - - - 555 

l-ist of Catholic priests in the County of Clare in 1704 - 557 


Reign of James II. and of William and Mary. 
James II. lands in Ireland ; Daniel Viscount Clare appointed 
Lord Lieutenant, and Sir Donogh O'Brien, Bart., High 
Sheriff of Clare - - - - 562 


Lord Clare arms the County, and Sir Donogh undertakes to 

raise money and military stores - - - 562 

He makes a call upon the gentry to furnish horses for the 

service of the king .... 562 

List of the names of these gentlemen - - - 563 

Tax levied, and commissioners appointed for its collection - 564 
The County of Clare required to furnish two regiments, one 

of cavalry and the other of infantry - - 565 

List of the officers of these ... - 565 

Clare's yellow dragoons sent to Ulster. The regiment acts 

badly at the Boyne - 567 

Letter from Lord Clare to Donogh O'Brien of Ennistymon, 

ordering him to arrest and imprison all Protestants found 

in the county. Names of some of these - - 568 

King James convokes a parliament at Dublin to which Clare 

and Ennis send representatives - - - 569 

List of persons connected with Clare, attainted by that 

Parliament - - - - - 569 

Abstract of Petitions presented to the Court of Claims ; Owen 

Considine of Dromadrehid - - - 570 

Ellen O'Brien, alias O'Shaughnessy of Formoyle ; Teige 

MacNamara of Leaghort - - - 5 7 1 

Henry Bridgeman of Woodfield ; John Ivers of Mount Ivers ; 

John MacNamara of Limerick - - - 572 

Edmond Morony of Kilmacduane ; Margaret Morony of the 

same ; William Smith of Tullagowei - "574 

Murtagh MacMahon ; Patrick Creagh of Kilfearagh ; Conor 

Clancy of Aughagarna - 576 

Peregrine Blood of Knocknareeha ; Richard Henn ; Neptune 

Blood of Annaghdown ; Francis Burton - - 577 

Laurence Nihill of Limerick , Hugh Brigdall of Inch ; Henry 

Hickman of Ballykett ; John MacNamara of Cratloe - 579 
Captain Donogh MacMahon of Clenagh ; Mary O'Brien of 

Leitrim ; David M'Ghee of Carahane - - 5S2 

Conor Ryan of Kilbarron ; Loughlin Hickey ; Bryan Cahane 

of Kildeema ; Dermot Gorman - - - 5S3 

John Magrath of Teerovannin ; Dermot Ryan of Moannagee- 

nagh ; Daniel Finucane of Garruragh - -585 

James Molony of Kiltanon and his wife ; Dermot Considine 

of Clonreddane; John O'Dea of Ballylanheedy -586 

John Ivers of Mount Ivers ; Mark Considine of Lack ; Anne 

Lucas ; Murtagh Hogan of Kells - - - 5S8 

Captain Donogh O'Loghlen of Ballyalliban ; llonora Magrath; 

Honora, Viscountess Clare - - - 596 

Colonel Francis Gore ; Thomas Brown of Ballyslattery j Giles 

Vandeleur of Ralahinc - - - - 591 



Henry Hickman of Doonnagurroge ; George Stamers ; Hugh 

Hickman of Ballykett .... ^92 
Tcige MacNamaraof Knockrea ; Daniel MacNamara of Ayle ; 

Ambrose Perry of Clonmoher - - - 593 

Samuel Burton ; John Cusack of Kilkishen ; Thady Molony 

of Gurteenaneelig ; James Crofts - - - 594 

James Grady ; Matthew Gorman ; Thady MacNamara of 

Rannagh ; Bartholomew Stritch - - - 596 

Teige MacNamara of Cappagh ; Pat Connell ; Edmond 

Magrath ; Nicholas Lysaght - - - 597 

Sir Donogh O'Brien, Bart. ; Daniel FitzGerald ; William Earl 

of Inchiquin - - - - - 5 98 

Elinor Nihill ; The Earl of Thomond ; Thomas Dalton ; John 

. MacNamara of Creevagh - - - 600 

Thady O'Callaghan ; Francis O'Brien of Eryaivs Castle - 602 



Borough of Ennis - 604 
Freemen, Ennis ----- 606 

Members of Parliament, Ennis - - - 607 


Will of Daniel first Viscount Clare - - - 607 


Discoveries - - - -611 


Justices of the Peace, County of Clare - - -615 

Members of Parliament, County of Clare - -623 
Grand Jury, County of Clare, in 1732, 1784, 1799, 1S05 - 624 

1 1 igh Sheriffs, County of Clare - - -625 

Custodes Rotulorum, County of Clare - - - 629 

List of Converts from Popery - 630 


1'cdigree of the Family of O'Brien - - -636 

I-NbKX -.. . 641 


■ w 

Map of Ancient Thomond 


To face Title 

Corcomroe Abbey - 
Churches at Oughtmama 

- 23 

- 25 

Quin Abbey 

Canon Island Abbey 

Churches and Round Tower, Scattery Island 

- 5i 

- 7i 

- 81 

Interior of Church, Kilfenora 

- 99 

Tombs, Effigies, and Cross at Kilfenora 

- 101 

Interior of Abbey, Ennis 
Ennis Abbey, South Transept, 
Clare Abbey 
Leamaneh Castle - 

- 113 

- 117 

- 123 

- 131 

Dysert O'Dea, Round Tower 
O'Dea's Cross 
Killaloe Cathedral - 

- 133 

- 157 

Bunratty Castle 
Ballyclogh Castle - 

- 185 

- 189 





For many ages before the territory of Thomond was formed 
into a county by the English, it was divided into distinct 
districts by the native inhabitants. These divisions were 
conterminous with the possessions of the several families, 
and they appear to have been most accurately defined, and 
for the most part to have remained unchanged for several 
hundred years before the division into baronies made in the 
time of Elizabeth. When at the Synod of Rathbreasail, it 
was resolved to partition Ireland into dioceses and parishes, 
the bishops and clergy adhered, as much as possible to the 
boundaries as already existing between the territories of 
the various septs. 1 Although in ancient times much 
larger, in the sixteenth century Thomond was only co- 
extensive with the present county of Clare, except that 
it had, in addition, the parishes of Iniscaltra and Clon- 
rush, now joined to the county of Galway, and the parish 
"i Castleconnell, now forming part of the county of Limerick- 
In an account of the sub-divisions of the county of Clare 
written about the year 1580 and preserved in the MS. 

. ' • v -'>- 1 120 Boundaries of the an-righ and Dubh Abhain (the 

'"•ctse of Limerick situate in the Elackwater).— - Keating. History of 

■■■■)■ of Thomond : from Cuinic to Ireland, page IOI. Dublin, 1723. 
<-« » l^Iannagross) in Sliabhoighigh- 


library of Trinity College, the following passage occurs : — 
" The county of Clare contayneth the whole of Thomond, 
being in length from Loophead to Killaloe forty-five miles, 
and in breadth from Limerick to Ballyline twenty-five miles, 
which of ancient time was divided into nine Triochaceds 
or Hundreds, and is now appointed to be contayned in 
eight baronies to be named as followeth, etc." During 
the reign of Elizabeth it formed part of the province of 
Connaught, but it was again, at the request of the Earl of 
Thomond, added to Munster in the reign of James the 
First. We propose in the first part of this work to give 
the topography of Thomond according to the sub-divisions 
made by the ancient inhabitants, taking it alphabetically 
according to the names of the districts, and parish by parish. 
In our description it will be seen that Burren and Corcomroe 
were inhabited by a distinct tribe, consisting of the families 
of O'Loghien and O'Connor, called the Rudrician, while 
the rest of the county was the inheritance of those numerous 
families deriving their descent from Cormac Cas, and thence 
called Dalcais or the brood of Cas. Long before the settle- 
ment of these tribes in Thomond, however, other races 
existed, but the history of these is involved in so much 
obscurity that we must content ourselves with simply 
referring to them in the general account of the county. 

Our description is mainly derived from the information 
collected by O'Donovan and O'Curry while they were em- 
ployed under Petrie to visit every part of Ireland with a view 
to a topographical and historical account of each of the 
counties, which was to form an accompaniment of the 
Ordnance maps. In pursuance of their instructions to that 
effect, these distinguished Irish scholars visited Clare, and 
as they found it to contain remains of antiquity and objects 
of historical interest in greater number than any other of 
the counties they had visited, they devoted to their task 
more time and attention than was usual in other cases. 
Beside these considerations, they were influenced by others 


in making their inquiries into the historical and antiquarian 
memorials of Clare as complete as possible. One of them 
was a native of the county, and both had taken wives from 
amongst its daughters. In the autumn and winter of 1839 
they pursued their investigations into the history of each of 
the' parishes, visiting the several localities amid storms and 
rain, and subject to discomforts as to locomotion and 
lodgings, often amusingly described in their letters to Sir 
Thomas Larcom, the director of the Ordnance Survey. 
From these letters, as before stated, the description of the 
county is given in this work. The originals are preserved 
in the library of the Royal Irish Academy. Mr. O'Donovan, 
in the course of his study of the historical records relating 
to the affairs of ancient Thomond, was able to compile a 
map of the territorial divisions of the county of Clare as 
they existed in the year 1300. In the present work will be 
found that map, on a reduced scale, and with some slight 
modifications as to boundaries which escaped the attention 
of O'Donovan. As it was originally designed, the Ordnance 
Survey was to include a complete history of every part of 
Ireland ; but after the publication of the portion relating to 
the city of Londonderry, the project was abandoned, as 
involving too great an expenditure of public money. Such 
unwise parsimony as this has probably deprived us of a more 
complete history and description than exists of any other 
country in Europe. Fortunately, however, the materials 
exist, and it is earnestly to be hoped that some future 
prime minister will have the good taste and love of historic 
truth to procure their publication at the expense of the 
nation. At no time in the history of Ireland were there 
ever men so thoroughly acquainted with its local features 
as Petrie, O'Donovan, and O'Curry, and to no part of the 
country did they devote more attention than to Clare. In 
addition to the information given in their letters the author 
of this work has supplied other particulars derived from 
printed works and from personal inquiries. 


It must be understood that while each sub-district 
into which Thomond was divided was owned by its 
separate clan, and presided over by its particular chieftain, 
they had a lord paramount in Brian Boroimhe and his succes- 
sors, kings of Thomond, who were also the heads of the family 
of O'Brien. By the constitutions which governed the Irish 
people, these kings were entitled to various privileges ; 
among others, to a fixed rent arising from the different sub- 
denominations into which the cantreds were divided. A 
curious list of rents, payable to O'Brien out of certain parts 
of Thomond has come down to us, and is as follows : The 
original, in Irish, will be found amongst the ancient 
Irish deeds published by Hardiman in the 15th volume of 
the Transactions of the Royal Irish Academy. Although 
it bears no date, it may, with some certainty, be assigned to 
the middle of the 14th century. 

" OBrkn's Rental." 

" This is the amount of the rent of O'Brien from Kilrush 
to Clondagad (exclusive of Lisconnellan, out of which he 
has two bushels of wheat yearly), viz. : 3^ marks, and 40 
marks over and above his footmen and sportsmen. These 
are the lands out of which said rent arises, viz. : 1 oz. of 
gold in Tullyderry ; 1 oz. gold in Carrowmore ; 1 oz. of 
gold in Kilrush ; 1 mark in Ballyerra ; 20 shillings in Kil- 
kevin ; 2 ounces and 3 marks in Killofin ; one oz. of gold 
in Ballykett ; 2 marks in Moyadda ; Kilcarroll ; Burrane ; 
Moylougha ; Crossmore (a Cittpne) ; 20 shillings in Tully- 
creen ; 20 shillings in Derrycrossane ; an ounce of o- ld 
in Binvoran ; an oz. of gold in Lack West ; 20 shillings in 
Drumdigus ; an oz. of gold in Cloonarass ; an oz. of o- ld 
in Ballygeery ; 20 shillings in the two Ballyannas ■ an 
oz. of gold in Methany (IlleiCAn-Aij) ; an oz. of gold 
in Clonkianly ; an oz. oi gold in Erribul ; an oz. of 
gold in the Effernan ; 20 shillings in the two Shan- 
akeas ; an oz. of gold in Caheracon ; 20 shillings in 


Coolmcen ; 20 shillings in Cloonulla ; an oz. of tribute and 
an oz. of gold in Craghera and in Cloonsnaghta; tenpence 
tribute and an oz. of gold in Cloonkett ; tenpence tribute 
and an oz. of gold in Bolooghra ; tenpence tribute and an 
oz. of gold in Cloonboirne ; an oz. of gold in Glenconaun ; 
tenpence tribute and twenty shillings in Ballyvohane of the 
clan Kennedy ; 20 shillings rent and an oz. of tribute in 
Ballyvohane from the descendants of Teige MacMahon ; 
an oz. of gold in Cappanavarnoge ; one shilling and nine oz. 
in the one-fifth of Inishmacowncy ; one shilling and nine 
oz. in Leckannashinnagh ; eighteen pence tribute in Liscon- 
nellan ; two shillings tribute in Ballynagard (now Paradise) ; 
two shillings in Crovraghan ; Ballylcan ; 20 shillings in 
Inishmore ; a mark in Roscliff and Ballinacally ; 20 shil- 
lings in Liskelly O'Keilly ; 20 shillings in Liskelly O'Nuins 
Liskologe j 1 three oz. in Crappoge ; 2 18 oz. in Inishtire ; 
and an oz. of gold in Lack mac Brien Gankach. 3 

" This is the amount of the rental of O'Brien from the 
lands lying westward of Traig-na-Croise, in West Corca- 
baskin, viz. — nine marks of rent, and 20 shillings tribute 
over and above his footmen and sportsmen, i.e., two marks 
in the two Moveens ; a mark in Faelan ; a mark in Carrow- 
bane ; a mark in Trusklieve ; a mark in Bellia and in 
Garraunatooha ; eight pence and an oz. of gold in Clogh- 
aunsavaun ; eight pence and an oz. of gold in Oughterard ; 
twenty shillings in Fodry. These are the tributary lands 
of O'Brien in that country : six pence on Kilbaha ; 4 groats 
on Kilcloher ; one mark and one oz. on Rahona ; 20 shillings 
on Rinemacaderig Kilcrcdane ; 2 oz. on the Killybegs ; 4 
groats on Rehy west ; 14 pence on the two Treans and the 
Callyj 4 2 marks on Moyarta ; ten pence on Doonaha ; 14 
pence on Rehy cast ; 14 pence on the Cross ; 6 pence and 
3 oz. on Caheraghacullen ; one shilling on Clooncarran ; one 
shilling on Kilfearagh ; 14 pence on Ballyonan ; 14 pence 

J Liskologe, now Fortfergus. 3 Now Lack. 

2 Crappoge, now Knappoge. 4 Now Caoilte. 


on Kilkee (CiUlc<ut>) ; 2 shillings on Lisluinaghan and Lis- 
deen ; a groat on Kilkurn ; an oz. on Aillinclogher ; six 
pence on Roinmicnisg ; and one shilling on Lisheencrony. 

" This is the amount of the rent of O'Brien out of Cor- 
comroe, over and above the gallowglasses, royalties, and 
sportsmen, viz. : — twenty-six marks and eleven pence, and 
that sum is exclusive of the rent of Tuaith Glae (Uuaic SUng). 1 
The land out of which said rent arises are Inchovea, Bally 
Mac Donaldbane, Carrowgar, Ballyrohan, Ballykinvarga, 
Ballyshanny, Bloady, Ballygoonaun, Craevdergan, Carrow- 
duff, Caheraderry, Rannagh, Ballyfaudeen, Clooney, Bally- 
vorda, Shedan, Carrowgar, Longfort. Glenmacconnor-na- 
cally, Cullinagh, Derrymore, Moananagh, Teerlaheen ; 
Cahersherkin, Ballyculleeny, so that there were forty-three 
quarters, seven of which were subject to a mark each." 

" This is the amount of the rent of O'Brien in Tuaith 
Glae, over and above the gallowglasses, royalties, and 
sportsmen, viz. : — ten pence and 5 oz. and 12 marks ; and 
the immunities of the Clancy family 2 are charged on same. 
The lands subject to that rent are Ballynahown, Carrowny- 
cleary, Creggycorridan, Carrowgar, ulasha, Ballycullaun, 
Doonmacfelim, Ballyvoe, Ballynalacken. The immunities 
of the race of Clancy, with i a mark of the rent of O'Brien, 
are in Creggycurridan, so that there are five pence and five 
oz. on each of these 14 quarters. 

"This is the amount of O'Brien's lordship under the 
stewardship of Maccon Cairgi, 3 arising from the moiety 
of Burren, over and above beeves and swine, 4 viz. : — 
23-j marks, (and there are ten marks immunities included 
in them), fifty-one half marks belonging to the wife of 
O'Loghlin, and twenty in Finnavcara. The number of 

tuaith Glae was conterminous with 3 Ca irgi. — A family now called 

the present parish of Killib.qh. Carri^. 

- The Clancys were hereditary bre- 4 According to the Book of Rights, 
hon? of Thomond, and as such their Dublin, 1 847, the contribution of Bur- 
lands were exempt from all tribute. ren to Brian Boroimhe's tribute was 
They resided at Knockfin and at enormous. It consisted mainly of oxen 
Cahermaclancy in this district. and swine. 


beeves and swine under the stewardship of the said 
stewards is six beeves and six swine, and gallowglasses, 
royalties, and privileges are not reckoned. These are the 
ploughlands subject to these dues, viz. : — Bally-g-martin, 
Cahermaan, Ballyganner, Cahcrpolla, i.e., Lisinorahaun, 
Lisheeneagh, Rannagh, Cappagh, Knockan, Urling, Shessia 
O'Donnell, Creevagh, the ploughland of Brian's mother, 
Sheshymore, Fanygalvan, Cahirmackirrilla, Tulglaishe, 
Meggagh, Eantybeg, Ballyustad." 

" The amount of the lordship of O'Brien under the 
stewardship of the family of Camluas 1 from the other moiety 
of Burren. The number of beeves and swine under the 
management of these is six beeves and 20 shillings of swine- 
money, over and above gallowglasses, royalties, or privileges 
of O'Brien. These are the lands subject to said charges, 
viz. : Ballymahony, Ballymurphy, Caltraghs, Glenslaid, 
Ballytoole, Formoyle, Caher, Lismahlia, Murroogh, Fanad- 
fodhman, Derreens, Lisflattery, Ballymaelcher, Lisgoogan, 
Ballymultan, Ballycahill, Dangan, Knockanteemoragh, Kil- 
breac, Lisnalougherny, Rooda, Corranroo, Ballygastell, 
Feenagh, Dangan, Ballyvaughan. 

" These are the proportions of the Camluas family in 
their claims of stewardship over the lands, viz.: — the town- 
lands of Ballyconry, Lisbercan, Caherlappan, and Caherma- 

The foregoing rent roll refers to a part of Thomond only, 
but it is highly probable that O'Brien, in his character of 
king, had similar claims on the several other districts which 
constituted the kingdom of North Munster. 

We now proceed to a description of the several divisions 
of the county, taking them alphabetically. 

1 This family cannot be identified. 





As far as can be conjectured from the imperfect notices 
of it remaining in the Annals, this district included the 
modern parishes of Killfintinan, and parts of Killeely, St. 
Munchin's, and St. Patrick's. So little information re- 
lating to its boundaries has come down to our time that 
it is not possible to fix upon the line which divided it 
from Ui Cearnaig and Ui Floinn. From the fact that the 
boundaries of the dioceses of Ireland were generally made 
to coincide with those of the tribe districts of the country, 
it may be inferred that Ainmire was conterminous with that 
part of the diocese of Limerick which is situate in the county 
of Clare. Equal uncertainty exists as to the tribes by whom 
it was occupied previous to the year 1318. When the 
MacNamaras took possession of it, it contained the great 
wood of Cratloe ; we are told that in the ninth century the 
men of Ulster having invaded Thomond, took away from 
Cratloe a sufficient quantity of oak to roof the palace of the 
kings of the north, at Aileach, near Deny. In revenge for 
this offence and for the burning of Kincora also, Murtogh 
O'Brien, monarch of Ireland in the year 1101, marched 
northwards to Donegal and demolished Aileach, ordering 
his men to bring a stone of the building in every sack 
which had been emptied of provisions on the march. 
With these stones he built a parapet on top of his palace 
situated on the site of the present cathedral of St. Mary 
at Limerick, the materials of which were afterwards in- 
corporated into that edifice. 1 It was in the district of 

1 O'Curry's Lectures on MS. Meter- 1S61 ; and Annals of Four Masters, 
ials of Irish History, p. 401. Dublin, II. 969. Dublin, 1S56. 


Ainmire that the mountain called, from the following in- 
cident, Sliabh-Oighidh-an-Righ was situate. In the year 
378, say the Four Masters and Dr. Keating in his History 
of Ireland, Crimhthann, son of Fidhach, after he had been 
thirteen years ruling as king over Ireland, died by poison, 
administered to him by his sister Mung Fionn at Sliabh- 
Oighidh-an-righ (that is the Mountain of the death of the 
King), on the north side of Limerick. The place is so 
called at this day, and is situated in the townland of Bally- 
cannan North, in the parish of St. Munchin. 

Amongst the ancient Irish Deeds published by Hardiman 
in the fifteenth volume of the Transactions of the Royal 
Irish Academy are the following, which have reference to 
lands in this territory : 

" Deed of Agreement and Award" 

" This is the covenant of MacNamara, son of Donald, 
i.e., Donogh MacNamara and Donald oge O'Kearney 
with each other concerning the quartermeer of Gurtinaith- 
cailey (jgtnjTCin aic CAile-6), 1 viz., Donald oge to give 
him this consideration for it, with its woods, underwoods, 
and barren tracts, viz., eleven marks which were due unto 
Dominick White 2 upon it, and which Donald oge should 
pay to said Dominick for said Donogh, on account of said 
quarter. Further demands of said Donald oge upon said 
MacNamara, son of Donald, are for many securities entered 
into for him, and many debts paid, and many loans given 
to and for his use. The said Donald oge and Donogh 
agree to abide by the award of Maurice O'Maoelconary 
and Teige MacPhilip Fionn (the fair), and Donald Dearg 
(the red), and Richard O'Kearney between them. The 
award made is as follows : Donogh MacNamara to receive 
fifteen marks, for which he was to give the said quartermeer 

1 Situate in the present townland of 2 Supposed to be the same who was 

BrickhiU, parish of Killtintinan. Mayor of Limerick in 1540. 


of Gurtinaith-cailey as security. More of said Donogh's 
debts due to Donald oge are three marks given to him 
upon the security of Sheaneen (little John), son of Mahone 
MacNamara, which said Donogh was to leave him as a 
charge on the said quartermeer. The amount of these 
debts is twenty-nine marks, either in cows or in money, 
according to its value, when said land should be redeemed, 
which redemption shall not take place for eight years from 
the present Michaelmas ; and it is to be redeemed on 
Michaelmas day, and if not on that day, then not to be 
redeemed for three years afterwards from that Michaelmas. 
The witnesses present to this covenant are Maurice O'Mul- 
conary, Teige MacPhilip, Richard O'Kearney, Donald 
Dearg, the two priests, Hugh O'Dallan and Mahone, son of 
William ; Ferdorogh O'Mulquin, Conor O'Conery, Teige 
Oge, Teige O'Sheil, and the two sons of Mahone Mac- 
Namara. It is not to be in said Donald oge's power to 
dispossess him of any part of said land except for his own 
brothers ; and if he does, he is to obtain as good in Cratloe 
(Cr»e<\ctAc), and is not to have power of dispossessing him 
without giving him an equivalent'for his lease and place with- 
in the townland. The securities for the performance of this 
contract are God in the first place, Seangan MacCuillain in 
the presence of O'Brien ; and Maurice O'Mulconary, with 
the learned of Thomond, and the Bailiff of the Mayor of 
the city of Limerick, and Donald O'Brien." 

"Mortgage of Land? 
"This is the covenant of Donald oge O'Kearney and 
Donogh MacNamara respecting the half quartermeer of 
Killfintinan (Cilt pn-cinain), 1 viz., the said Donald to 
give eight marks unto said Donogh in consideration of 
or for that half quartermeer ; and same is not to be 
redeemed for three years from the present Michaelmas, 

1 Now the townlands of Eallybrohane and Gallowshill, in parish of Killfintinan. 


and if not redeemed on that day same cannot be 
redeemed for three years afterwards. The witnesses to 
this covenant are Maurice O'Maelconary, the two sons of 
Mahone (MacNamara), Fardoragh O'Maoelchaine, Teige 
MacPhilip, Morrogh O'Brien, and Donald O'Brien, and 
they are the sureties and guarantees for the performance of 
said covenant between them." 1 

From a perusal of these deeds two or three things can 
be deduced : first, the conciseness and accuracy with which 
the terms of the agreement are set forth ; next, that the 
value of money was measured by the value of cattle ; and 
lastly, the knowledge of writing possessed by the people, 
for all the parties concerned signed their names in Irish 
letters in the original documents. 


No saint named Fintinan can be found in the Irish 
Martyrologies, and yet there was a church dedicated to him, 
the ruins of which stand in the townland of Ballybrohan, in 
this parish. It is now almost entirely demolished, and in 
consequence no inference as to its age can be drawn from its 
architecture. Another church, called Cruachan, stood in the 
parish, sufficiently large to accommodate a numerous con- 
gregation. Its ruins, in a tolerable state of preservation, 
with an extensive graveyard surrounding it, are found in the 
townland of Brickhill. 2 Another burial-place but without 
any remains of a church, called Cill-an-bothair, exists in 
Ballyliddane. Near the church of Cruachan is a cromleach 
in an almost perfect state of preservation, and at the dis- 
tance of two hundred yards in the same townland stood 
another, which is now utterly demolished. In close 
proximity to these is a hill called the Leacht, having on its 

'These are the parties to the pre- scription: — "Hie situs est Reddan, 

vious deed, and the lands referred to magnus virtute Joannes, _ Orent 

are in the same neighbourhood. Christian!, nam tumulatus in est. 

-On a small tlag stone in this Ann D I7°5- D - R - 

burial ground is the following in- erex " 


summit vestiges of the grave of some Irish chieftain of the 
times of paganism. His name is not remembered in con- 
nection with his place of sepulture. In this parish stand the 
remains of the castle of Ballintlea, which is omitted from the 
list made in 15 So ; if it existed at that date, it doubtless 
belonged to one of the MacXamaras. 


It is impossible with perfect certainty to discover in the 
Irish Martyrologies who was the patron saint of this parish. 
The virgin saint Faoile, of Atheliath Meadraidhe, in the 
county of Galway, is probably the one. In that part of it 
which is included in the Liberties of the city of Limerick 
there is a graveyard locally called Killeely churchyard, but 
without any vestige whatever of the church, if such ever 
existed. 1 That portion of the parish which is situate in the 
county of Clare is the only part with which we are concerned 
in this work. In that there are found the graveyard of 
Moneen-na-gliggin (the little bog of the sculls), very much 
used as a burial-place, and the ruined church of Cratloe 
Moyle, which seems never to have been employed as a 
place of sepulture, but to have served as an oratory to the 
adjoining castle. Of castles there are three in the parish of 
Killeely, namely, that of Cratloe Moyle, at present in a good 
state of preservation, the property in 1580, of Shane 
]MacXamara ; that of Cratloe Keel, which belonged at the 
same period to Donald MacXamara, and which continues 
to be inhabited up to the present time ; and the castle at 
Cratloe-more, wholly demolished some years ago to supply 
building materials. The last-named was in 1580 in the 
possession of Donald MacTiege MacNamara. At a little 
distance from the castle of Cratloe Moyle is a holy well, 
dedicated to St. John the Baptist. On the day of his anni- 
versary crowds of people assemble to make what is called the 

1 In the parish of Kilmurry, near Tobar Faoile. No " rounds" are ever 
Sixmilebridge, is a holy well called made there. 



rounds of the well. Many persons have found the water 
efficacious for the cure of sore eyes and other ailments. In 
the lawn of Cratloe house there stood, about thirty years 
ago, a ruin called the Friary, but to what order of monks it 
belonged is unknown. It was removed by the late Augustus 
Stafford O'Brien, M.P., because it interfered with the view 
from his windows. 


As it so happens that the section of the parish of St. 
Munchin, 1 which is situate in the county of Clare, possesses 
within its limits no object of antiquarian interest, we shall 
pass to the description of those in the neighbouring parish 
of St. Patrick. By the inhabitants it is always designated 
the parish of Kilquain (Oil CuAin), and its patron saint is 
one of the many holy men of that name mentioned in the 
Martyrologies. The church of Kilquain, in a ruined state 
with a much used graveyard adjoining, stands in the town- 
land of the same name, near the Shannon. Three castles 
belonged to this parish — King John's Castle, built by the 
English monarch of that name at Parteen, just on the brink 
of the Shannon ; Castlebank, now utterly ruined, which 
is not mentioned in the list of 1580, owing to the fact, as is 
probable, that it was not then built ; and Dromin Castle, 
the name of which is also omitted from the list in question. 
It is well known that of Castlebank was one of the many 
strongholds of the Earls of Thomond, which were held 
for these powerful lords by constables of their nomination 

On the bridge of Parteen, in this parish, is the following 
inscription : — " Hunc pontem et viam stratam fieri fecit 
Petrus Creagh, filius Andreae, major civitatis Limericencis 
sumptibus ejusdem civitatis, A.D. 1635." The "via strata" 
is now called the Long Pavement. 

1 St. Munchin's name in Irish is there described as the son of Sedna, 

Mainchin. In the Martyrology of son of Cas ; that is, he belonged to the 

Donegal, -his anniversary day is given same family as the O'Briens and other 

aa the 29th of December. lie is Thomond tribes. 





THE name and the area of this territory are preserved 
in the modern barony. Its name in Irish is Boireann, 
which signifies the rocky district, being compounded of 
Borr, great, and onn, a stone or rock. Its chief inhabitants 
were called after the introduction of the use of surnames 
O'Loghlen, from Lochluinn, the chief of the territory A.D. 
950 in the reign of Callaghan Cashel. The name Lochluinn 
does not appear in Irish history till the ninth century, and 
there is every reason to believe that the Irish borrowed it 
as well as Manus, Randal, Amlaff, and many other names 
from the Danes, who had formed intermarriages with many 
of the native families. Previously to the tenth century 
Burren had the name of Corcomroe Ninnis, from the tribe 
who inhabited it, called Modruadh Xinnis. This people 
split into two families, and divided their lands into two 
nearly equal parts, which they styled East and West Cor- 
comroe, the former being ruled by O'Loghlen, and the latter 
by his rival and kinsman O'Connor. There are, however, 
instances of O'Connor having become chief of both the 
divisions long after the formation of them and after the 
establishment of surnames, and vice versa of O'Loghlin 
having extended his sway over O'Connor and West 
Corcomroe. In the fourteenth century, however, they 
became two chiefs wholly separated and independent of 
each other. 1 Their relationship is set forth in the Genealo- 
gical Table, which is given at the end of this chapter. It 

1 g ee Cathreim Toirdhealbhaigh at will, is placed in the territory of 

the year 1311, in the library of the Corcomroe East. The Monastery of 

Royal Irish Academy, where the C<>rcunirue is situate in Burren. See 

Castle of Criothmhaill, now Crugh- also Annals oj Innisjallen, Anno 1311. 


may be remarked that for several centuries the three 
islands of Arran belonged to Corcomroe. 1 

The following historical notices of this people and terri-p 
tory occur in the Amials of the Four Masters : — 

"AM. 4404. Fiacha Folgrach, Sovereign of Ireland, was 
slain by Olioll, son of Art, in Boirinn. 

A.D. 239. The seven battles of Eilbhe (Mount Elva), 
by Cormac, son of Art,, son of Conn of the Hundred 
Battles, King of Ireland. 

A.D. 703. The battle of Corca-mo-druadh was fought 
this year, in which Ceilichair, the son of Coman, was 

A.D. 737. Flann Fearna,Lord of Corca-mo-Dhruadh died. 

A.D. 871. Flaithbheartach, the son of Dubhraig, Lord of 
Corca-mo-ruadh Ninais, died. 

A.D. 899. Bruaiteadh, the son of Flaithbheartach, Lord 
of Corca-mo-ruadh, died. 

A.D. 902. Flann, the son of Flaithbheartach, Lord of 
Corca-mo-ruadh, died. 

A.D. 916. Ceat, son of Flaithbheartach, Lord of Corca- 
mo-ruadh, died. ^ 

A.D. 925. Anruathan, son of Maelgorm, assumed the 
Lordship of Corca-mo-ruadh. •• - 

A.D. 934. Anruathan, son of Maelgorm, Lord of Cor- 
comroe, died. 

A.D. 983. Lochlaind, Lord of Corcomroe, and Maoilseach- 
lainn, the son of Cosrach, died. 2 

A.D. 987. Congal, son of Anrudhan, Lord of Corcomroe, 

A.D. 1045. Conghalach O'Loghlen, Lord of Corcomroe, 

A.D. 1055. The Dal Cais, conducted by Murrogh O'Brien, 
plundered Corcomroe ; but they were pursued, deprived of 
their booty, and many of them killed. 

, T ,, _„.,...., , " From this Lochlaind the family of 

Leabhar-na-h C idhn fol. 24, b. Q . Log hlen derive their surname. 


A.D. 1060. Ondadh O'Loghlen, Lord ofCorcomroe, died 

A.D. 1088. Corcomroe was thrice plundered this year by 
Roderic O'Conor. He left scarcely any cattle or people 
that he did not kill or carry off. 

A.D. 1 149. Turlogh O'Brien marched with his forces to 
the neighbourhood of Galway ; they plundered the country 
and demolished the walls of the Dim of Galway. On this 
occasion Maoileachlainn O'Loghlen, Lord of Corcomroe, 
was drowned in the river of Galway. 

A.D. 1360. Gilla-na-naomh O'Convaigh (Conway), chief 
professor of music, died. 

A.D. 1 36 1. Donogh O'Loghlen, Lord of Corcomroe, died. 

A.D. 1364. Gilla-na-naomh O'Davoren, chief brehon of 
Corcomroe, died. 

A.D. 1389. Melaghlen cam O'Loghlen, Lord ofCorcom- 
roe, was treacherously slain by his own brother. 

A.D. 1396. Irial O'Loghlen, Lord ofCorcomroe, was killed 
by Mac Girr-an-Adhastair (now Nestor), one of his own tribe. 

A.D. 1404. Carroll O'Daly, Olav ofCorcomroe, died. 1 

A.D. 141 5. Lord Furnival came to Ireland as Lord Justice. 
He plundered the property of Farrell, the son of Teige, son 
of Aengus Roe O'Daly, of Burren. 

A.D. 1425. MacGowan of the Stories (na sceal) that 
is, Thomas, son of Gilla-na-neav MacGowan, Olav to 
O'Loghlen of Corcomroe, died. 

A.D. 1448. O'Loghlen, Lord of Burren, died. 

A.D. 1 5 14. Teige, son of Donogh, son of Teige, son of 
Carroll O'Daly, of Corcomroe, a professor of poetry, who 
kept a house of general hospitality, died at Finagh Bheara, 
and was buried in the Abbey of Corcomroe. 

A.D. 1562. The son of O'Loghlen, namely, Melaghlin, 
son of Owncy, son of Melaghlin, scon of Kury, son of Ana, 
son of Donogh-an-chuil, son of Ana Baca^li O'Loghlen, was 
killed in an expedition of the Earl of Thomond against 
Glin Castle, county of Limerick. 

1 Several of Carroll O'Daly's poems have co:i.c down to ui. 


A.D. 1569. The Lord Justice this year went to Limerick, 
and thence to Thomond. He took the castles of Cluain- 
Dubhain (Cloondooan, parish of Kilkeedy) and Ba*le-in- 
Bhcachain (Ballyvaughan), and he afterwards proceeded to 

A.D. 1584. Turlogh, the son of Owney, son of Melaghlin 
O'Loghlen of Burren, was, in the beginning of the month 
of March in this year, taken prisoner on Muic-Lnish (near 
Ballyvaughan) by Turlogh, the son of Donald O'Brien, 
and put to death at Ennis by Captain Brabazon at the 
ensuing summer sessions. 

A.D. 1590. Owney O'Loghlen, the son of Melaghlin, son 
of Rury, son of Ana, died, and his son Rossa, and his grand- 
son Owney, were contending with each other for his place." 

For successive generations the O'Davorens kept a great 
school at Cahermacnaghten in Burren. The Caher is still 
in a good state of preservation, and for several acres 
around the remains of the huts occupied by the scholars 
are scattered about. Among those who were disciples 
of the O'Davoren of that period was Duald MacFirbis, who 
afterwards became the greatest Irish scholar of his time. 
He appears to have been intended from his youth for the 
hereditary profession of an antiquarian, historian, or juris- 
consult of the Fenechas or ancient native laws of his country, 
now improperly called the Brehon laws. To qualify himself 
for both of these professions, he took up his residence at an 
early age in the school of law and history then kept by 
the MacEgans in Ormond. After this time he studied in 
Burren at the not less distinguished literary and legal school 
of the O'Davorens, where Ave find him, with many other 
young Irish students, about the year 1595, under the 
tuition of Donald O'Davoren, 1 an accomplished scholar and 
gentleman, the compiler of a Brehon Law Glossary. 2 A 

1 Lectures on Mimtscript Materials - O'Curry's Lectures on the Man- 

of Ancient Irish JJijtory, by O' Curry, tiers ami Customs of the Ancient 
p. 121. Irish; iii. p. 322. Dublin, 1S73. 



curious document, written in the Irish language, was found 
by Dr. John O'Donovan in 1839 in the hands of Mr. 
Michael Reilly, of Ennistymon ; it relates to a division made 
between the sons of O'Davoren of their father's lands. We 
subjoin O'Donovan's translation of it : — 

"Be it known to every one who shall read this writing 
that the sons of Gilla-na-naev oge O'Davoren, of Cahcr- 
macnaghten, in the parish of Rathbourney, viz., Hugh and 
Cosny, partitioned as follows : — They made a perpetual 
division of the two ploughlands of the land of their father 
and grandfather, viz., the half ploughland of Cahermac- 
naghten, the half ploughland of Lismacteige, the half 
ploughland of Lisduane and of Lisnaloughran, in the 
aforesaid parish, and the half ploughland of (Kil) Colman 
Baire, in the parish of Kilcorney. This is the partition, 
viz. : Hugh is to have for his share the most western 
quarter of Cahermacnaghten as bounded by the stream of 
Sruhaunduff flowing from the mountain and by the western 
ditch of Buaile Liaganach, from that down as far as Urling- 
more, by the ditch of Urlingmore, thence round on the west 
side down to the side of the Caher; as also the half plough- 
land of Lismacteige and a quarter of the half ploughland 
of Kilcolman Baire. And Cosny is to have for his share 
the most eastern quarter of Cahermacnaghten as defined 
by the aforesaid boundary, the half ploughland of Lisduane, 
of Lisnaloughran, and the other quarter of the half plough- 
land of Kilcolman Baire. The following is the partition 
of the village of Cahermacnaghten, viz. : The site of the 
big house of Caher ivitki/i, and the site of the kitchen- 
house which belonged to that house within the Caher, and 
the site of the house of the churchyard on the west side 
of the Caher, and all the gardens extending westwards 
from the road of the garden of Teige Roe, the son of Giolla 
Feichin, not including Teige Roe's garden. And the house 
situate between the front of the big house and the door of 
the Caher, and the site of another house within the Caher 


at the north-west side, and the large house which is outside 
the door of the Caher, and all extending from Bearnan 
Fanain-an-Tayaill, which is at the east, westwards to the 
aforesaid road of Teige Roe's garden, and that the garden 
itself is to be included in Cosny's share of the village. 
Moreover, the fahy (green) of the Booley, and the road from 
that green westwards to Moher Turtanagh, and the water 
of the village, and of Shruhanduff, and of the well of the 
village, are common and free to all. 1 This settlement is to 
exist between the brothers and between their heirs for ever 
after them. Should any dispute or law happen about these 
lands, the brothers are bound to observe strict justice with 
regard to each other. Should one of them sell or mortgage 
to the other, that other person is not at liberty to part with 
what he has so acquired, but to give it back to the original 
owner upon receiving back his money. Should one of them 
die without a legitimate heir of his body, the other and his 
heirs shall be his heirs in these lands. Moreover, whatevci 
part of said Hugh's share he will not occupy himself, if 
Cosny be able to occupy it, Hugh shall not hinder him, so 
as that Cosny takes upon himself a part of the burden of 
Slany O'Grady's 'freedom,' that is, grass for a cow or a 
mare for every quarter of land that shall be occupied. As 
evidence that everything above written is for ever settled 
between ourselves and our heirs, I, the said Hugh, am put- 
ting my hand and seal to the copy of this writing, which 
belongs to Cosny by my own free will and assent; and I, 
Cosny, by my own will and consent, am putting my hand 
and seal to the copy of it belonging to Hugh. 
"The 3rd day of April, 1675. 


" Witnesses, 

" James FitzGerald. 
" Francis Sarsfield. 

1 Although the description given making an inspection of the place it 
hue appears puzzling, yet to one is quite intelligible. 


"The will of Gilla-na-naev Oge O'Davoren in the year 
1675, the 4th day of the month of April." 1 

A.D. 1580. — About this time great alarm jvas created in 
the minds of the native population of Thomond by the suc- 
cess of the measures taken by the English invaders to bring 
them under subjection. Finding that the authority vested 
in the Earl of Thomond was likely to prove supreme, the 
O'Loghlens in 1591 entered into a new treaty with him, by 
which they renewed their declarations of fealty, in accord- 
ance with the terms of a previous compact made with his 
great grandfather. It is preserved amongst the MSS. of 
MacCurtin in the Royal Irish Academy, and runs thus: — 

" Be it known to all who read this writing that we, 
Irial, the son of Rossa, and Donogh, the son Bryan, and 
Lysagh, the son of Mahone of Ballyauliff, the survivors of 
the posterity of Mealaghlin O'Loghlen of Ballyvaughan, 
named in the treaty executed between Conor, the great 
grandfather of this Earl, and our ancestors, have agreed as 
follows, viz. : — 

" To be of ourselves bound to you, O ! Donogh O'Brien, 
according to which we have set our hands to this deed in 
presence of the witnesses hereto. And this is the agree- 
ment, namely, that we ourselves, the posterity of Malachy 
of Ballyvaughan and of Benroe, and their people and 
country, are and shall be bound, and our heirs after us, to 
Conor O'Brien, and his heirs after him. And that it shall 
not be in the power of any of us or of our descendants, 
to cause a sod of the country or any of the castles to be 
mortgaged or sold, except with the consent of the said 
Conor, or his heirs after him. And that Conor or his 
heirs after him shall be heirs to the Sliocht Mealachlin.' 2 
And that it shall be obligatory on the Sliocht Maoelaghlen 

1 Letters of John 0" Donovan re/at- on failure of issue to cany on the 

inj to Clare — Ordnance Survey succession in any of the subordinate 

Papers, Royal Irish Academy. tribes, become heir and possess him- 

- It was the custom amongst the self of all rights appertaining to the 

Irish that the Lord Paramount should, deceased chieftain. — SveJjre/io/i Laws. 


and on their followers, to yield obedience to and submit to 
the will of Conor O'Brien and his heirs after him. 1 

" Furthermore, I, the Earl of Thomond, (Donogh, 4th 
Earl), acknowledge upon my honour that I promised that 
whatever portion of the* lands, or whatever castles belong- 
ing to the parties hereto, may have been occupied or 
plundered, should be submitted to the arbitration of 
Boetius MacClancy, John, son of Tornea O'Maelconary, 
and Owen O'Daly, such arbitration to be binding on me, 
the Earl, as to the restitution they are to receive. 

" The lands in the possession of Boetius MacClancy are 
not to be included in this deed. 

" In the year of our Lord 1591, the 9th of June, at 
Knockfin, we gave our consent and put our hands to this 
writing, which is in imitation of the old treaty by which 
the heirs of the parties hereto are bound to each other for. 

" I, Gella-na-naev oge O'Davoren, wrote this copy. 

"Signed (in English), DONOGH T.HOMOND. 
"Signed (in Irish), Donogh O'Logiilen. 

"Signed (in Irish),. IRIAL O'LOGHLEN. 
' Copia vera ; ex orig. ; per 
" Bot Clancy. 
"John Mac Tornea. 
" Owen O'Daly. Testes" 

The original document, of which the above is a copy, is 
stated (A. d. 1604), to have remained with Boetius oge 
Clancy at Knockfin. 

In no part of Ireland is to be seen so great a num- 
ber of ancient stone forts as in Burren. These buildings 
and similar ones made for defence, are found in most 
other parts, of the country to be formed of earth, but in 
Burren, owing to the scarcity of earth, they are always 

1 It must be underwood that this is lnghlin O'Loghlen and Conor O'Brien, 
a word for word recital of the agree- first Earl of Thomond. 
ment previously made between Mea- 


constructed of stone. To say that they were erected by 
the Danes is simply absurd, seeing that in no record 
or chronicle is there any mention made of the Scan- 
dinavians in connexion with Burren. No local tradi- 
tion nor name of placa. there refers in any way to them. 
It is equally incorrect to ascribe the construction of lisses, 
raths, or cahers to the Firbolgs, who were a mere handful 
of people, inhabiting circumscribed areas of the country. 
Neither is it in accordance with history to say that they were 
raised at any particular period in the annals of the country, 
because everything we know of the subject goes to prove 
that they were built from time to time, as occasion required, 
to serve as places of residence for the better classes of the 
inhabitants. What now remains of them are merely the 
outworks put up for defence, the inner buildings, in which 
the people lived, being made of wood and wicker work, 
have long since fallen into decay. All this is clearly 
proved by Professor O'Curry in his Lectures on the Man- 
ners and Customs of the Irish People. The history of 
Thomond itself affords a proof of the fact, because we read 
that about the year 1200 O'Brien built a circular earthen 
fort at Clonroad. 


This parish derives its name from the Abbey of Corcom- 
roe, sometimes also called the Abbey of Burren, 1 founded for 
Cistercian monks in 1194 by Donald O'Brien, King of 
Thomond, or, as others say, by Donogh Cairbreac, his son, 
in 1200. It was called "the abbey of the fruitful rock," 
and was a daughter of that of Suir. Later it was made 
subject to the Abbey of Furness, in Lancashire, and it had 
a cell at Kilshanny near Ennistymon, to which it sent 
monks as occasion demanded. It was dedicated to the 

1 Cathreim Ttrirdkealbkaieh, A.D. 1267. 


fr ' 


mm ;h 






; "T1' ; - 

i< ^MM 


Blessed Virgin Mary. 1 In a battle fought in 1267 between 
Conor O'Brien and Conor Carrach O'Loghlen, at a place 
called Suidaine, O'Brien was slain and his body was laid in 
Corcomroe Abbey under a beautifully sculptured monu- 
ment surmounted by has effigy, still in good preservation. 
A short time since, in making some repairs, an effigy of a 
mitred abbot was discovered. The abbey itself is well 
preserved. 2 It contains likewise a monument to the memory 
of Peter O'Loghlen, of Newtown, called " the last Prince of 
Burren." Little is known of its history. One of its abbots 
named John was made Bishop of Kilmacduagh in 1418. 
After the dissolution of the monasteries, Corcomroe, and 
its eleven quarters of land, situate in the valley in which it 
stands, were granted to Richard Harding, of whom nothing 
further is known. By an Inquisition of the year 15S2, it 
was found that Donogh MacMurrogh O'Brien of Dromo- 
land died seized of this abbey, together with all its posses- 
sions annual value besides reprises, 40s. Irish money. 3 

In the townland of Ballyhehan, situate in this parish, 
stands a castle belonging formerly to one of the O'Loghlens. 
Corra-an-Rubha (Curranrue) also belongs to this parish, and 
in it a castle existed which was the residence of O'Heyne, 
chief of Ui Fiachrach Aidhne. That castle fell in the year 
1755, at the very moment when the earthquake at Lisbon 
happened. The present representative of the branch of 
the O'Heynes, who lived in this castle and also in the 
castle of Ballybranaghan, at Kinvarra, is a descendant of 
John Hynes, son of James, son of John, who lived at 
Poulanisce, son of Brian, son of Peter, the last who is 
said to have lived at Curranroe Castle. The senior branch 
of this once powerful family was represented in 1839 by 
Mr. Hynes, of Ardrahan, well known in the country as 

1 Archdall, Jfonast/con Hibcrnicum, 3 Inquisition in collections relating 

Vol. i., p. 73. to Clare in Ordnance Survey Papers, 

- In the Dublin Fenny Journal, Royal Irish Academy. See also 

^34, p. 339. will be found a sketch of Archdall. 
tie abbey and tomb of Conor O'Brien. 


Heynes the process server. He was the senior lineal descen- 
dant of Guaire Aidhne, king of Connaught, so celebrated by 
the Irish bards for his hospitality. 1 The family of O'Hcyne 
possessed the territory which now comprises the diocese of 
Kilmacduagh, and numerous references are made to them 
in the annals of the country. Their votive church is con- 
spicuous among the group of ecclesiastical buildings at 
Kilmacduagh. On the verge of the parish of Abbey is the 
pass anciently known by the name of Corcair-na-cleirach 
(the cleric's pass), now called Corcairhill. It was on the 
well-known road leading from Clare into Galway, which 
is still in use between the Castle of Leamanegh and Kin- 
varra by Castletown, Corcomroe Abbey (and Curranrue.) 


In the Irish language the name of this parish is Druim- 
criche, so called from the situation of the original parish 
church on a hill side in the territory of Crioch Maille. It is 
now partially ruined, and is surrounded by a large grave- 
yard. The parish contains the remains of four castles, 
namely — Ballyvaghane, Shan Muckinish, Muckinish Noe, 
and Newtown. 2 That of Ballyvaghane (anciently called 
Baile-Ui-Beachain) stood on the very verge of the little 
harbour near the village, but is now almost wholly gone. 
Shan Muckinish was repaired about the year 1836, and is 
quite habitable, 3 while Muckinish Noe, which stands on the 
bay of Pouldoody, so celebrated for its oysters, is very much 
iniured by time and by the hands of man. Newtown Castle 
is in very good preservation. 4 In 1580 each of these castles 

1 Letter of John O'Donovan in 4 The senior branch of the O'Logh- 

Ordnance Survey Papers relating to lens lived in Newtown in our^ time, 

Clare— Royal Irish Academy. and was represented by Peter O'Logh- 

- MS. Trin. Coll. Library, Dublin. len, locally called the Prince of 

E. 2,14. Burren. He was the son of Malachy 

3 The last O'Loghlen who lived in O'Loghlen, who lived at Newtown 

Shan Muckinish, according to tradi- when John 0"Donovan visited it in 

tion, was Uaithne More O'Loghlen, 1S39. See Ordnance Survey Letters 

who resided thereabout the year 1700. relating to Clare, R.I. Academy. 


I ft ' '\V^/r;^ v :*:^ .iU^fe 


i ft i 


11 ' 



was owned by an O'Loghlen. At a little distance from 
Ballyvaghan is Lough Rask, near which a battle was fought 
in 13 17, described in another part of this work. A large 
number of stone cahers and caves in various stages of dilapi- 
dation exists ki this parish. 

1 Notes on Irish Architecture, vol i., have been recenty repaired by the 

p. 102. Dublin, 1S75. Board of Works. In clearing away 

-The old churches of Outrhtmama the soil which had accumulated in the 


In this parish is situated the townland of the same 
name. The three churches which stand upon it take their 
name from the district " Ucht mama " or " the breast of the 
high pass," and the name conveys a true idea of their 
situation, for they lie at a considerable height, in the very 
bosom of one of the hills forming the amphitheatre which 
encloses the valley of Corcomroe. They consist of three 
buildings, two of which, lying together in a straight line, 
are in an almost perfect state of preservation," while the 
third, about three hundred yards off, is a mere ruin. In 
the splendid work of the late Earl of Dunraven, photo- 
graphs and a description are given of them. 1 Little is 
known of this place, but it may be safely inferred that the 
churches now standing at Oughtmama are the original 
buildings and that they were constructed to commemorate 
three saints, all of whom were named Colman. In the 
Sanctilogium Genealogicum preserved in the Leabhar 
Breac, we read (p. 21, col. 2, 3), " Three saints in the one 
townland, i.e., in Uchtmama. Colman was the name of 
each saint, and Lugaid was the father of each Colman : viz., 
Colman, son of Lugaid, son of Loegaire, son of Nial of the 
Nine Hostages ; Colman, son of Lugaid, son of yEngus, 
son of Naitfraich, son of Core, son of Lugaid ; Colman, son 
of Lugaid, son of Conall, son of Brian, son of Eochaid 
Muidmedon." In the Litany of /Engus, the seven holy 
bishops of Uchtmama in Corcomroe, are invoked. 2 Whether 


St. Colman MacDuach was one of these bishops we do not 
know ; but a holy well dedicated to a St. Colman lies a 
little to the north-east of the churches. It is related that 
St. Colman MacDuach lived just before the year 620, as a 
hermit in a wild rocky valley surrounded by woods, in the 
parish of Carron, about three miles to the south of Ought- 
mama, where the remains of his little oratory, the cave in 
which he slept, and two altars may yet be seen. The 
place is still visited by pilgrims on the Saint's day, 
February 3rd. He resided there with one companion for 
seven years. On a certain Easter Sunday, while the saint 
and the disciple were about to sit down to a very frugal 
dinner, the latter remarked that such fare was very different 
from that which probably at that very moment smoked 
on the board of Guaire, king of South Connaught, at his 
palace of Durlus, a few miles off. Some signs of discon- 
tent appeared to have manifested themselves on the face of 
St. MacDuach's companion, for the holy man remarked 
that he would soon provide a better dinner. Thereupon, 
he prayed to heaven that his cousin's meal should be 
transported to the hermitage. Suddenly Guaire and his 
friends saw the dishes containing their food rise up into 
the sky and fly away. They instantly mounted their horses 
and pursued the victuals. Gradually the dishes were seen 
to come to the ground. When the king and his com- 
panions arrived at the spot, they found the disciple of St. 
Colman busily engaged in the duty of appeasing the pangs 
of hunger. 1 At this day the road by which Guaire pursued 
his viands is called Bothar na mias (the road of the dishes\ 
In the parish of Oughtmama there are only two castles, 
namely Turlough and Finvarra, now almost level with the 
ground; these also belonged in 15S0 to members of the 

interior, several slabs have been 21 ; O'llanlon's Lives of the Iri-h 

found with crones carvel upon them, Saints at Feb. 3rd, contains an in- 

but without any inscriptions. teresting sketch of the life of St. 

1 Vita Sti Colmani, Acta SS., p. Colman Mac Duach. 
245 ; Keating, History of Ireland, p. 


2 7 

family of O'Loghlen. Various cairns, cahers, and caves 
exist in this parish, mostly in a state of ruin. On the 
top of the hill of Knockycallanan is a remarkable cairn, for 
which O'Donovan could find no name. The valley district 
comprised in thisj^arish and in that of the adjoining parish 
of Abbey, is the Duv Gleann referred to in the Wars of 
Thomond. Archdall in his work on the Abbeys of Ireland 1 
refers to an abbey called Beagh, situate in the barony of 
Burren, and belonging to the third order of Franciscan 
Friars. The townland of Beagh in this parish must be the 
place where this abbey stood, but no trace of its site or 
tradition of its existence remains in the neighbourhood. 
Finnavarra, in this parish, was long the residence of the 
family of O'Daly, who were hereditary poets of the 
O'Loghlens. In the latter part of the fifteenth century 
they migrated to Galway in company with Ranailt O'Brien, 
wife of Teige O'Kelly, of Callon. There they became the 
ancestors of the O'Dalys of that county, one of whom is 
Lord Dunsandle.' 2 


The old parish church of Carran is in a good state 
of preservation, but it presents no features of interest 
requiring description. Its date is of the fifteenth century. 
It is otherwise, however, with the very ancient church 
which stands on the lands of Termon, in this parish, and 
which is dedicated to St. Cronan (probably St. Cronan of 
Roscrea and Tomgraney 3 ). This interesting structure, not- 
withstanding that it is almost coeval with Christianity in 
Ireland, is still in nearly perfect preservation. It is photo- 
graphed in the great work of Lord Dunraven, 4 under its 

1 Monastieon Hibernicum, vol. i., man's /r;'^ Minstrelsy, vol. ii.. p. 375- 

p. 72. 3 Martyrology of Donegal, Oct. iy. 

- See Tribes and Customs of the 4 Notes on Irish. Architecture, 

Hy Many, p. 125. See also Haidi- vol. i., p. 105. 


Irish name of Teampul Chronain. It is a small oratory, 
measuring in length inside 21 feet and in breadth 12 feet 
9 inches. The masonry is cyclopean and not built in 
courses, thus indicating its very great antiquity. The door- 
way, as in all the very early Christian buildings in Ireland, 
is in the west wall, and inclines inwards towards the top. 
On the east gable is a very remarkable window, a drawing 
of which is given in Petrie's work on the Irish Round 
Towers. 1 It is quadrangular on the inside, and round on 
top outside. About one hundred yards distant from this 
church is a holy well dedicated to St. Cronan, and at an 
equal distance in another direction stand a pedestal and 
a shaft of a cross of considerable height, which, with others 
no longer existing, are supposed to mark the Tcrmon of 
St Cronan. In this parish is situated the beautiful valley 
of Glencolumbkill, in which there is a church dedicated to 
St. Columbkill, five centuries old, and in all likelihood, 
occupying the site of one of still higher antiquity. Near at 
hand was the residence of Murtagh, son of Mr. Turlogh 
O'Brien ; supposed by O'Donovan, when he visited the place 
in 1839 to be the next heir to the Marquisate of Thomond. 
A tomb of his family stands in the church, with the 
following inscription: — "Here lieth the body of Captain 
Cornelius O'Brien, who departed this life A.D. 1753, who 
was grandson of General Murtagh O'Brien, that was 
brother to Murrogh, first Earl of Inchiquin. This monu- 
ment was erected by Murtagh O'Brien, in memory of his 
wife Bridget O'Brien, alias MacXamara, who died July 
24th, 1800, aged 66 years." The remains of four castles 
exist in this parish, namely, Castletown, Cappagh, Crugh- 
will, and Glencolumbkill, all belonging in 1580 to members 
of the family of O'Loghlen. The name of only one of them 
is given, that of Ross O'Loghlen, proprietor of the castle of 
Glencolumbkill. 2 

1 Romtd Towers, p. 1S4. 2 MS. Trin. Coll., Dublin. E. 2. 14. 



Noughaval signifies the" new acquisition," and is a name 
not unfrequently met with in other parts of Ireland. 1 Its 
old church, consisting of a nave and choir, is in a good state 
of preservation. In the burial ground attached stand the 
remains of the tomb of the family of O'Davoren, now very 
much injured by time, and with this inscription: — '-This 
chapel was built by James Davoren, of Lisdoonvarna, who 
died the 31st of July, 1725, aged 59 years." In the interior 
near the broken stone altar of the sacred building the last 
resting place of the families of Comyn and Moran is found, 
as indicated by the epitaphs over their graves. At a little 
distance from the church stands a stone pillar, without any 
inscription, but which is said to be a market cross, with 
certain lines drawn upon it to serve as measures of length 
for the people. Near at hand also is a well dedicated to 
St. Colman MacDuach. In the parish of Noughaval are to 
be found several subterranean caves built of large limestone 
flags ; these would appear to have been places of refuge or 
else repositories for property. This parish .contains the 
remains of the following castles which in 15S0 were the 
property of members of the family of O'Loghlen, viz. : 
Binroe, Ballyganner, and Ballymurphy, all three now utterly 
ruined. Many ruined cahers or stone forts are found in 
Noughaval. Cromleachs also are not unfrequent in the 


Gleninagh (the valley of ivy) has the remains of an 
ancient church in good preservation, with a well at a little 
distance, dedicated to the Holy Cross. Still further off is 
another well called Tobar Cornain. Only one castle, still 
in an excellent state of preservation, exists in the parish. 

1 See Joyce's Irish Names of Places, vol. i., page 25. Dublin. iS;i- 


It belonged in 1580 to an O'Loghlen. A large heap of 
stones called Dough Branneen (the heap of little Bran) 
stands in the townland of Aughaglinny, and in the 
neighbouring townland of Murroogh exist the remains of 
a remarkable caher called Caher doon Fergus, with caves 
beneath, ^believed by the peasantry to be haunted by the 
spirits of Fergus mac Roigh and of many of his descendants, 
the O'Loghlens of Burren and O'Connors of Corcomroe. 


St. Onchu (in the genitive Onchon), the son of Blathmac, 
who was venerated at Rathblacmac, in Inchiquin, was the 
patron of this parish. 1 His festival was celebrated here on 
the 9th and 14th of July, according to the authorities cited 
by Colgan. His church is in good preservation ; the door 
is on the north side. In the townland of Crumlin in this 
parish stand the remains of a church of greater antiquity, 
said to have been built by St. Columbkill after he had 
departed from St. Endeus at Arran. The style of the mason- 
work marks it as one of the early christian churches. In 
the townland of Faunarooska, in this parish, the remains of 
a round castle are found. It is not mentioned in the list of 
the castles of Clare made about the year 1580. Many 
cahers exist in the parish. 


Of St Muadanus, the patron of this parish, very little is 
known. His name is not found in the Acta Sanctorum of 
Colgan nor in the Martyrology of Donegal ; but Father 
O'Hanlon in his great work, The Lives of the Irish Saints, 
has collected under the date of the 6th of March all that can 
be discovered of the acts of the various saints of that name. 
His old church is nearly level with the ground, the north 

1 Aengus, Marian O'Gorman, Afar- p. 277, Sth Feb. Martyr ob^v of 
tyrology of Tamlacht, apud Acta SS., Donegal, 9th July. 


wall only remaining. A short distance at the west is a holy 
well dedicated to him, and in thetownland of Lisdoonvarna 
another holy well, named after St. Brendan, the great 
navigator, while in the townland of Derrynavaghagh is a 
third, dedicated to Bishop Flannan. In the townland of 
Lisdoonwna existed a castle now utterly ruined, which, 
according to an inscription on a stone built into the corner of 
a farmhouse in the vicinity was built by Denis Cloghcssy in 
1619 for Finin FitzPatrick. In the Book of Distributions 
and Forfeitures this Fineen or Florence FitzPatrick is set 
down as the owner of Lisdoonvarna and Bally teigc in 1641. 1 
The townland of Lisdoonvarna also contains the ruins of an 
extensive building called the house of O'Davoren, in which 
the last of the family died about the year 1750. His estates 
passed to his daughter, and through her to her descen- 
dants, Mr. William Stacpoole, late M.P. of Ballyallia, and 
Mr. Richard Stacpoole, late of Eden vale. In the town- 
land of Cahcrcloggaun stood the castle of the same name, 
belonging in 1580 to one of the O'Loghlens, but no vestige 
of it now exists, although there are considerable remains of 
the more ancient fort or caher. The parish of Kilmoon con- 
tains no less than eight cahers, viz., the one just mentioned, 
Caher Bullog, Knockaskeheen, Caher Barnagh, Derryna- 
vahagh, Cahermeal, Lismoraghaun, and Lisdoonvarna. The 
original name of this last was Dun-a-bhearna, the fort at the 
gap. Lisdoonvarna contains a remarkable round hill called 
Liss-a-tee-aun, that is, the fort of the Sheeaun or fairy hill. 


St. Eaney or Endeus, the patron of this parish, flourished 
immediately after the time of St. Patrick and died about 

1 Donald More, sixth King of Fineen, a quo Dermott of Lisdoon- 

Upper Ossory, who built Jerpoint varna, died s. p. at Limerick, Sept. 

Abbey, d. 11S5. Conor, King of U. I, 1637; and Fineen 1637, a quo 

O. a quo Gilla duv Mac GillaPatrick, Dermot 167S.— Funeral Entry, Dub- 

a quo Dermot, a quo Fineen, of tin Castle. 
Drumsalagh, county Clare, a quo 


the year 540. He was the founder of several churches in 
the great island of Arran, as described in his life by Colgan. 1 
The existing church here is not the original one, being only 
of the date of the year 1300 or thereabouts. It is in excel- 
lent preservation, with a nave and choir, separated by a fine 
arch. There is no ruin of a castle in this parish, nor are 
there arry other remains of antiquity except three cahers, 
all of which are in a state of great dilapidation. They are 
the following : — Cahermakerrilla (son of Irial), Cahermaan, 
and Caher-na-teinne (the fort of the fire), situate in the 
townland of Lislarheenbeg. In the townland of Caher- 
makerrilla is a holy well, dedicated to St. Colman 
MacDuach, and in Cooleamore stand the remains of a 
cromleach. On a stone inserted in the wall of the now 
roofless Catholic chapel of Toomaghera is an inscription in 
the following words: — "j.'fi.g. Pray for me Mortaugh 
Flanagan, priest of this parish, who built this altar in the 
year 1700." Another stone is built into the wall on which 
is delineated a crucifixion in a very good style of carving. 


The name of the church in this place is derived from its 
position, being built within the circle of an ancient earthen 
fort called the Rath of Burrin. It is comparatively modern, 
and is in excellent preservation. It is connected with 
the name of no Irish saint, but at a distance of a mile, at 
the north west, in the townland of Poulacapple, is a holy 
well, dedicated to St. John. In this parish stand the ruins 
of the following castles :— Gragan, the former residence of 
the chief of the O'Loghlens, and from whose stronghold the 
territory of Burren is named in the description of the 
county of Clare in 1580 as the barony of Gragans ; 
Lissylishccn (bo]' ui jlipn), i.e., the fort of O'Glisheen, and 
of Cahermacnaghten, both described as belonging to other 

1 ActaSS., p. 705, March 2lst. 



members of the family of O'Loghlen. Another castle, not 
referred to in that document, stands in a ruined condition 
in the townland of Faunrooska. Its erection dates, pro- 
bably, from a period subsequent to the compilation of the 
list The following cahers and lisses are found in Rath- 
borney parish : — Cahermore and Doon, Ballyallaban, 
Caherrr%acnaghten, inhabited in 1675, 1 Feenagh, Berneen, 
Garacloon, Gleninsheen, Lismacteige, Cloonmartin, Doon 
Torpy in Croagh North, a doon in Doonyvardan, Lismac- 
sheedy, and Lislarheen. 


Xo record of St. Coirne, the patron of this parish, can 
be found. His church is in a state of great dilapidation. 
The site of an older church dedicated to him. is pointed 
out at a short distance from the present ruin. A little way 
off, to the west, stands the ruin of an ancient ecclesiastical 
building dedicated to St. Colman Baire, supposed to be 
the same as St. Colman Mac Duach. Several holy wells 
are found in this parish, namely, Tobar-na-naingeal near 
the church ; Tobar Colman Baire, in Glensleade ; Tobar 
Ingean Baoth. Only one castle existed in Kilcorney, 
viz., that of Glensleade, now levelled to the ground, and 
belonging in 15 So to a member of the family of O'Loghlen. 
The other remains of antiquity are the following ruins of 
earthen and stone forts : Carher-na-mweela, in the townland 
of Poulgorm ; Caher-an-ard-dorais, Glensleade, Lisnan- 
roum, Liscolmanbara, Lissaniska in Eanty beg south ; and 
Lissananima in Eanty beg north. In the townland of 
Kilcorney is found a cave to which several legends belong, 
the most popular of which states that an enchanted horse 
issued therefrom, and propagated its breed throughout the 

1 See the reference to the door of this caher, in the will of Gillananeeve 
Oge O'Davoren, iS, ante. 




For the pedigree of MAOELEACHLAIN, the common 
ancestor of the O'CONNORS of Corcomroe and of the 
O'LOGHLENS of Burrin, see infra page 92. 



% Loghlen, a quo O'Loghlen + 9S3. [Four Masters.) 


Amlave + 1060. {Four Masters.) 

Maoeleachlain, King of the two Corcomroes and 
I Corcabaskin + 1149. {Four Masters.) 










Ana-bacagh. {Four Masters.) 

Donogh-an-Cuil. {Four Masters.) 

Ana. {Four Masters.) 

Rurv. {Four Masters ) 

Melaghlin. {Four Masters.) 

I " 
Ownev. + 1^90. {Four Masters.) 

r~ 1 

Melaghlin, Rossa. {Four Masters.) 

I killed at Glin Castle, 1562. {Fur Masters.) 

Owney. (Four Masters.) 






CAS, the king of North Minister shortly before the time of 
St. Patrick, gave name to this district. It had previously 
borne the name of Magh Adhair, signifying the plain of 
Adhar, an appellation which it received from Adhar the 
Firbolg, who possessed it in the first century of the 
Christian era. He was the son of Umor, the brother of 
Aengus, who built the cyclopean fort of Dun Aengus in 
the great Island of Arran. Afterwards Magh Adhar 
became the patrimony of the O'Hehirs, but they in turn 
were driven westwards to the present barony of Islands by 
the NacNamaras. Magh Adhar proper, now called Moyry 
Park, is situate in the townland of Toonagh, parish of 
Clooney. The tree stood there beneath which the 
O'Briens were inaugurated as kings of Thomond. The 
descendants of Cas comprised the O'Briens, MacNamaras, 
O'Deas, and various other families whose possessions con- 
stituted what are now designated the baronies of Upper and 
Lower Bunratty, Upper and Lower Tulla, and Inchiquin. 
To the MacNamaras the section of Thomond called Ui 
Caisin belonged, and their ownership extended from the 
beginning of the fifth to the beginning of the fourteenth 
century. About the year 1318, after the destruction of De 
Clare and the Ui Bloids his partizans, who sought to 
establish the English power in Thomond, the victorious 
MacNamaras drove out of the county all that remained of 
them, and took possession of their lands. Their own- 
territory of Ui Caisin originally consisted of the following 
parishes : — Inchicronan, Kilraghtis, Templcmaley, Doora, 


Clooney, Ouin, Tulla, and Kilmurry-na-gaul ; but after 
1318 it included besides these the following parishes : 
Killaloe, Aglish, Killuran, Kilnoe, Killokennedy, Tulla, 
Moynoe, Kilseely, Feakle, Kilfinaghty, Iniscaltragh, Tom- 
graney, in short the whole of Upper and Lower Tulla. 1 
To defend themselves against any attempts to recover 
their possessions by the former owners, the MacNamaras 
proceded to build castles for protection, and in 15S0 
no less than forty-two of these belonged to members 
of the family. As soon as they had acquired almost 
the entire eastern division of the county of Clare, as 
here described, they changed the names of the districts 
and called their territory east and west Clanculein, the first 
named being assigned to a chief called MacNamara Fionn, 
and the other to a kindred chief designated as MacNamara 
Reagh. The two districts here named absorbed the fol- 
lowing denominations which had existed under their various 
tribe names from remote times till 1 3 1 8 : Tuaith Eachtao, Ui 
Dongaile, Ui Congaile, Ui Rongaile, Ui Bloid, Ui Floinn, Ui 
Cearnaigh, 2 Tradraighe, Glcann Omra, Ui Toirdhealbhaigh, 
and Ui Ainmire. Of each of these a more particular account 
will be found in this work. Shortly after the acquisition 
of the new territory, the chief of the MacNamaras proceeded 
to place a rent or tribute upon the several townlands of which 
it was composed, and the document in which he describes the 
tax has come down to us. Although it bears no date, yet 
it may be safely referred to the beginning of the fourteenth 
century. It is as follows, as translated from the Irish, 
original by Mr. Hardiman the historian of Galway. 3 

" This is the aggregate of the lordship of MacNamara, 
that is of Maccon the son of Cumedha, the grandson of 
Con, the son of Loghlcn, the son of Cumedha More, 

1 See Description of Clare, in Library - In 1564 it is stated that the river 

of Trinity College, Dublin. According Owenogamey is situate in the teni- 

to this the O'Gradys of Tomgraney, tory of Clan Cuilean. 

Scariff, and Moynoe, were tributary 3 Transactions of the Royal Irish 

to the MacNrricras. Academy, Yol. xv., no. 15. 


according to the testimony of the stewards of the Rodan 
family, and of the Marshal of the country, and to the will 
of their father and grandfather out of Tuathmorc ; and the 
said stewards are Philip O'Rodan and Conor O'Rodan, 
descendants of the red stewards : 1 

" This is the first part of the same, viz. : fourteen 
ounces to MacConmara and his servants in the Rath (?) 
exclusive of royalties. The lady (that is MacNamara's 
consort) has an ounce of gold out of Cloonmony (in the 
parish of Inchicronan), exclusive of the lord's rights ; three 
ounces of ladies' rent yearly in the quarter of Ballynakill (?), 
and Ballyokeileghter (?) ; thirteen ounces in the quarter of 
Drumdyelan (?) ; fourteen ounces in the quarter of Dura ; 
fourteen ounces in the east half townland of Toonagh ; 
exclusive of the lord's rights ; half a mark in Ballyvroghaun ; 
fourteen ounces of the lord's rent in Ballymacloon, exclu- 
sive as above ; fourteen ounces yearly in the half townland 
of Ballyslattery (Newgrove) ; fourteen ounces in the half 
townland of Ballymoylin (Milltown) ; fourteen ounces 
yearly of lord's debts in the half townland of Rosscarthy 
(Rosslara) ; fourteen ounces in the quarter of Glandree ; 
fourteen ounces of lord's rent in Fourtanebeg ; fourteen 
ounces in Lismehan (Maryfort), Garruragh, and Ballyubrane, 
exclusive as above ; fourteen ounces in Ballykelly ; four- 
teen ounces in Ballyoughtra ; fourteen ounces in Liscullaun ; 
fcuteen ounces in the five half quarters of O'Bloid (Baliy- 
blood) ; and fourteen ounces in Ballyrossroe (Rosroe). 
He has moreover, food in the free lands of that territory, 
and MacConmara has fourteen ounces in the quarter of 

" This is the rental of MacXamara in Tuath-na-havon 
(Uudt-riA-hAiiiAn), (the river district, that is the country 
adjoining the O'Garney river) viz. : fourteeen ounces in Cap- 

1 The O'Reddans were hereditary in the parishes of Kilmurry and Kil- 
stewards of the eastern parts of Tho- hnaijhty. 
mond. Their patrimony was situate 


pagh ; fourteen ounces in Ballyfarrell (Mount levers, levers- 
town) ; fourteen ounces in Ballynevin ; fourteen ounces in 
Ballyiosine (Ballysheen) ; and food once a year in the free 
lands of that district. These are the stewards, who have been 
accustomed to receive said rents, namely the posterity of 
Mahone Fionn O'Rodain. 

" This is the yearly rent of MacXamara in the territory of 
the O'Flinn (Uuaic O'b'JMorrm) viz : fourteen ounces in the 
three half quarters of the Clan Cusack, i.e., the Coolagh> 
and Ballinacliaeh(Hurdlestown), and Drumsillagh ; fourteen 
ounces in tho three Snatys ; fourteen ounces in Enagh- 
morogh-brick (Enagh) ; fourteen ounces in the Cloon- 
shidas (?) ; fourteen ounces in the half townland of the 
posterity of Donogh MacCusack ; fourteen ounces in Mount 
Tallon (TVLvomo* UALrnum anglice Landslip) ; fourteen 
ounces in the country of O'Hea (Uir» OVAotja,) Teeronea), 
exclusive of the royalties of the lord out of them all ; an ounce 
of gold of lady's rent on Gorteongalagh (?), and food once a 
year in the free lands of said territory ; and a groat and 
seven ounces unto MacCommara in Ballymurrigan (Bally- 
rorgal) (TTIuina]i t^bvit TV)<\oir» na Uucvtcv -pom). The family 
of Lavelle were the stewards of that territory. 

" The rental of MacNamara in the territory of Glen 
(Glanomera), viz : fourteen ounces in the townland of the 
red earl (?) ; fourteen ounces in Ballyquin ; fourteen ounces 
in Ballymuldowny ; (Ballymoloney, tX\ile vi IllAobooriinAi^ 1 ) 
and the share of the two-third from said places is charged 
upon the quarter of Drynaghbeg (Aharinaghbeg) ; fourteen 
ounces in Crean ; fourteen ounces in Cloonyconry ; four- 
teen ounces in Formoyle ; fourteen ounces in Cloontragh - r 
fourteen ounces in Ardskeagh ; fourteen ounces in Cloon- 
gaheen ; and food once a year in the free lands of that place. 

" The rental of MacXamara in the territory of Ui Con- 
galaigh (the present parish of O'Gonnelloe), viz : fourteen 
ounces in Bcalkelly (A 111'beiL CcnVle, the entrance of 

1 Mr.ol Domnai^h signifies servant of the church. 


the wood) ; fourteen ounces in Ballybrogheran ; fourteen 
ounces in Ballyloghnan ; fourteen ounces in the quarter of 
Ballyoheefa (Ballyheefy) ; fourteen ounces in Ballybran ; 
fourteen ounces in Carro\vcore(the odd quarter) ; and Carrow- 
gar (the short quarter) ; fourteen ounces in Ballynaglcaragh ; 
fourteen ounces in Carrowena (Gitme, ivy) ; food between 
Christmas and Shrovetide in the the two Rahenas, in Island 
Cosgary, Ballyhurly, and Aughinish ; and food once a year 
in the free quarters of that territory. The Rodancs were 
the stewards of that country. 

" The rental of MacXamara in the territory of O'Ron- 
gaile, viz., fourteen ounces in Upper Clogher ; and fourteen 
in Lower or Small Clogher in Clooncool ; fourteen ounces 
in Clonmoher ; fourteen in Coolriedy ; fourteen in Dromart 
(Drummod); fourteen ounces in Drumsgamur ; and fourteen 
ounces in Caherhurly, of the Clan Hasneisis (Clowe tlaif- 
neifif). MacNamara has food between Christmas and 
Shrovetide in the three Coolreavaghs (Coolreagh) ; fourteen 
ounces in Upper Ross (Rosneillan ?) ; food in Ballymac- 
donnell, and in Killuvran (Killuran), between Christmas and 
Shrovetide, and also in Ballymacon-finn (?) ; and food once 
a year in the free lands of said territory. 

"The rental of MacNamara in the country of the 
Eaotaoi (Uvac &&ccao) viz : fourteen ounces in Annagh ; 
fourteen ounces in Bawn-a-cullane ; fourteen ounces in 
Eathneeane (?) ; an ounce of gold of Lady's rent (Ciof 
t)<MnciAjm<vm) in Fiacal (FeakleJ ; fourteen ounces in the 
three quarters Coologory ; fourteen ounces in Cooracloon ; 
fourteen ounces in Leaghort ; fourteen ounces in Gurta- 
doon (?) ; fourteen ounces in Enagh(?) fourteen ounces in 
Knockbehy ; fourteen ounces in the green of O'Halloran 
A b'V^UA vi AVbrir/Air)) ; and the O'Rodan family are the 
stewards therein, and food between Shrovetide and Easter." 

Next to the O'Briens the MacNamaras became the 
most powerful family in Thomond. At the time it was 
made into a county by the English in the reign of Elizabeth, 


almost all that part which lies at the east of the Fergus, 
and of a line continued from Ennis to Ballyline, belonged 
to them. When an account was taken of all the ancient 
owners of the lands of the county in 1640, it was found 
that no less than two hundred members of the clan Mac 
Namara were owners in fee simple. Of these only six 
obtained a grant of part of their possessions, under the 
Cromw£llian settlement, so complete was the ruin brought 
upon a race who for a space of thirteen hundred years were 
the powerful and prosperous owners of the land of their 
inheritance. 1 Even at this day, though fallen to the rank of 
the peasantry, an air of gentility and breeding is observable 
in many members of this ancient family. 

The following notices of the territories of Ui Caisin and 
Clan Culein occur in the Annals of the Four blasters and 
in the A nnals of Innisfallen. We also copy all the references 
made in these Annals to the inhabitants of the district. 

A.D. 1014. Meanma, the son of the Lord of Ui Caisin, 
died. (He was the son of Aodh, and grandfather of 
Cumara, from whom the family name of Mac Con Mara 
or MacNamara is derived.) 

A.D. 1018. MacCatharnaigh, son of Aodh, one of the Ui 
Caisin, made an attack on Donogh, the son of Brian 
Boroimhe, and gave him a blow of a sword on the head, 
and cut off his right hand. 

A.D. 1099. The son of Cumara, who was the son of 
Donald, lord of Ui Caisin, died. 

A.D. 1135. Cumara, son of Cumara, son of Donald, lord 
of Ui Caisin, fell in a battle with the men of Thomond. 

A.D. 1 142. Donogh O'Connor, lord of Ciaraigh Luachra, 
was killed by Cumara beg, lord of Ui Caisin. 

AD. 1 1 70. Lorcan O' Ahem was killed by the sons of 
MacNamara and the Ui Caisin. 

1 See Index to Sir William Petty's tions and Forfeitures, and is preserved 
map oftheconnty of Clare.which index in the Record Office, Dublin, 
is designated the Book of Distribu- 


A.D. 1300. The O'Gradys, assisted by the O'Deas, give 
their support to Donald, son of MacCon, in his endeavour 
to get a part of Ui Caisin from his relative, Donogh, son of 
Cuvea. They plundered the country and defeated him in 
a bloody battle, in which most of his followers were slain, 
including Hugh, son of Cuvea ; Conor and Mahone, sons 
of Maloney ; Maoelsaghlen, son of Sheeda ; O'Halloran, 
and Conor, son of Conduv O'Healy. 1 

A.D. 1309. Donogh, son of Cuvea More MacNamara, 
ruler of Ui Caisin, was treacherously killed by his own 
people, and by Donald O'Grady, chief of Cinel Dongaile. 
His brother, Loghlen Laidir, was elected chief in his stead. 

A.D. 131 1. Sheeda MacNamara died. 

A.D. 13 12. A few of the tribe of O'Coilean going to prey 
upon Ui Floinn, one of them was killed. 

A.D. 1328. In a contest against Brien Bane O'Brien, the 
son of Cumana MacNamara, was slain. 

A.D. 1334. A great army both of English and Irish was 
led by the Connaughtmen into Munster against the Mac 
Namaras. They burned a church in which were one 
hundred and eighty persons and two priests, none of whom 

A.D. 1357. Donogh MacXamara, the best son of a chief- 
tain in Leth Mogha, in his time was slain by the O'Briens. 

A.D. 1369. The MacXamaras, under the command of 
Brien Catha an Eanaigh O'Brien, obtained a signal victory 
over the English and captured Limerick. Sheeda Cam 
MacXamara, son of Loghlen Laidir, and of the daughter 
of O'Dwyer was placed as warden of the town. The 
English rose upon him and treacherously slew him. 

A.D. 1370. Joanna Cam (the crooked), daughter of Mac 
Carthy and wife of MacXamara, of Ouin, died. 2 

A.D. 1377. The Burkes of Galway invaded Clan Culein. 
The M?cXamaras, under the leadership of Hugh (son of 
.the daughter of O'Daly of Corcomroe), opposed and routed 

1 Ann. Innsf. - CM. Cainnigh in the original text of the Four Masters. 


them. Theobald, son of Ulick, head of the kernes, the 
three sons of O'Heyne, and many others of the Clan Ricard 
were slain. 1 

a.d. 137S. Teige, the son of Loghlen MacNamara, was 
slain by Hugh, son of the daughter of O'Daly. 

A.D. 137S. Mahone, the son of John MacNamara, died. 

A.D. 13S0. Cumara Gearr (the short), i.e., the Mac 
Namara, \vas treacherously slain by his own kinsmen. 

A.D. 1 38 1. Philip O'Kennedy, lord of Ormond, and his j 

wife, Aine, the daughter of MacNamara, died. ' ' | 

A.D. 1407. MacNamara, chief of Clan Culein, died. 

A.D. 1428. MacNamara, chief of Clan Culein, a charitable 
and truly hospitable man, who had repressed robbery and 
established peace in his territory, died. 

A.D. 1432. Melaghin Maineach MacNamara, chief of 
Clan Culein, died. 

A.D. 1433. Maccon Ceanmore (of the big head) Mac 
Namara, chief of Clan Culein, died. 

A.D. 14S6. Cumara MacNamara was exultingly (go 
haith-easach), slain by the sons of Donogh MacNamara. 

A.D. i486. Raghnailt, daughter of John MacNamara and 
wife of Turlogh O'Brien, lord of Ormond, died. 

A.D. 14S7. Hugh, the son of Philip Roe MacNamara, a 
brave and warlike man, died. 

A.D. 1490. Finola, the daughter of Rory MacNamara, 
and wife of Turlogh, the son of Murrogh O'Brien, died. 

A.D. 1492. Cuvea, the son of John MacNamara, died. 

A.D. 149S. Slaine, the daughter of Sheeda Cam Mac 
Namara, and wife of Mac William, i.e., Ulick of Clanricard, 

A.D. 1542. Maccon, son of Cuvea, son of Donogh, son of 
Rory, son of Maccon Ceanmore, was unbecomingly slain by 

1 This Hugh was the son of wife was the daughter of O'Dwyer, 

Loghlen Laider (the strong', by his of Kilneroanagh, co. Tipperary, and. 

second marriage with the daughter by her he had two sons. 
of O'Daly, of Corcomroe. His first 


his kinsman, Maccon, son of Rory, son of IMaccon, son of 
Rory, son of Maccon Ceanmore. 

A.D. 1570. John MacNamara, son of Sheeda, son of 
Maccon, son of Sheeda, son of Teige, son of Loghlcn, lord 
of East Clan Culein, died. He was a noble and majestic 
man, and the favourite of women and damsels by reason 
of his gaiety and pleasantry. Donald Reigh, the son of 
Cuvea, son of Donogh, succeeded. 

A.D. 1571. MacNamara, i.e., Teige, son of Cuvea, son cf- 
Cumara, son of John, died, and his son John took his place. 

A.D. 1578. Sheeda, son of Maccon, son of Sheeda, son of 
Macccn, Tanist cf East Clan Culein, was slain on Slieve- 
Eachtao, while in pursuit of a party of the kernes of 
Clanrickard who were carrying off plunder. 

A.D. 1584. Donogh,thesonof MacNamara, of West Clan 
Culein, died. He was the son of Teige, son of Cuvea, son 
of Cumara, son of John. Of all the Clan Culein he was the 
most redoubtable to his enemies on the field of battle. He 
was succeeded by his brother John. 

A.D. 1585. An ordinance was enacted at a session held at 
the monastery of Ennis, by which it was ordained that the 
chief of every sept should be stript of his titles and tributes 
except John MacNamara, lord of West Clan Culein, who 
refused to subscribe his signature to these regulations. 

A.D. 1587. Cuvea, son of the above-named John, died. 

A.D. 1588. Teige, son of Donald Reigh, son of Cuvea, 
son of Dongoh, son of Rory, lord of West Clan Culein, was 
hanged at Gal way. 

A.D. 1592. Donald Reigh, son of Cuvea, son of Donogh, 
son of Rory, son of Maccon Ceanmore, called the Mac 
Namar Reigh, lord of West Clan Culein, died on the 23rd 
of February of this year. He was a sumptuous, festive, 
bounteous and humane man. 

It is not easy to determine the reasons which actuated 
MacNamara to enter into the obligations set forth in the 
subjoined covenant with the Earl of Thomond. Its date 


being unknown, we are left to conjecture that the object 
of the deed was to place MacNamara and his sept in a 
formal manner under the protection of the O'Briens. The 
deed is found in the Irish language in the fifteenth volume 
of the Transactions of the Royal Irish Academy, and the 
translation is from the pen of Mr. Hardiman. 

" These are the conditions and covenants entered into 
by Conor O'Brien Earl of Thomond, and MacXamara, to 
wit, Teige son of Cuvea, son of Cumara, who is the Mac 
Namara. 1 That he and his heirs for ever shall conduct 
themselves faithfully and without malice towards the Earl 
and his heirs for ever, not only himself and his heirs, 
but that no one on their part shall act contrary to these 
conditions ; and particularly that he or his descendants 
shall never wage war against the Earl or his heirs for 
ever. Moreover, MacXamara and his heirs shall be loyal 
and faithful to the country of Clan Culein, and not en- 
croach upon them beyond the bounds of justice for ever. 
His father and grandfather to give as guarantees the four 
principal persons as well as the chief steward and marshal 
of MacXamara. The sureties for the performance of said 
covenant are : God and his angels, and MacXamara to 
swear by every oath the most sacred before the Chief 
Justice of Ireland, in the presence of the English and Irish 
of Ireland. Furthermore, MacXamara and his heirs shall 
be bound in a certain sum to be specified for the per- 
formance of those obligations. These are the conditions 
and penalty upon which the Earl of Thomond liberated 
MacXamara, together with the guarantees and other hos- \ 

tages required viz. : O'Shaughnessy, under the penalty of 
twenty marks ; the son of O'Brien, forty marks, William 
O'Mulryan and his son forty marks ; and Donogh, son of 
Mahone O'Brien twenty marks, that neither MacXamara 
or his posterity shall be guilty of defection from the Earl 

1 This must be Conor, the third MacXamara (Finn), whose death oc- 
-earl, who died in 15S0, and Teige curred in 1571. 


or his descendants for ever. These are the Earl's witnesses to 
said penalty: Daniel, son of Murrough MacSweeney; Thomas 
MacCubag, Rory O'Fahy, and Gilla Breeda MacBrody. 

" These are the conditions upon which the son of 
O'Brien became surety for MacNamara : That if he should 
be liberated within a fortnight from this time he would 
become bail for him, and be subject to the penalty, and 
these are the witnesses thereto, viz. : Teige More son of 
Carroll O^Vlulgeehy, and Eugene O'Kennedy. And if he 
shall not be set at liberty within the said period, that the 
son of O'Brien shall not be subject to the penalty namely, 
forty marks. 

" These are the conditions upon which William O'Mul- 
ryan became surety for MacNamara : That if he should be 
set at liberty within a fortnight, the said William in con- 
junction with the Earl, should punish MacNamara unless 
he be found to perform his engagements to the Earl. These 
are the witnesses present at the agreement viz. : the two 
sons of Daniel O'Kennedy, i.e. Philip and Hugh ; and 
the priest, son of Rory, son of Donogh ; and Eugene 
(O'Kennedy), and Justin O'Davoren. 

" Donogh, son of Mahone O'Brien, binds himself under 
the penalty of twenty marks for MacNamara, in presence 
of the son of Flinn M'Grath, and of the son of John 
O'Mulconry. Conor, son of Rory MacNamara binds him- 
self in ten marks; the three sons of Loghlen, son of 
Donogh, bind themselves in fifteen marks ; the four sons 
of Sheeda, son of John namely, Donogh, Cuvea, Cumara, 
and Sheeda Oge in fifteen marks more ; Fineen (son of 
Loghlen), and his son, in fifteen marks ; Turlogh, son of 
Donald Roe, in five marks ; the son of Teige, son of 
Mahone, that is to say, the priest ; the two sons of Loghlen, 
son of Mahone ; and the son of Moloney in twenty marks. 
In case any dispute should arise among the parties, it is 
to be settled by the son of O'Loghlen [by . . . ] by 
McGrath, by MacGorman, and by MacGilla Riaba." 



Very few words are required to describe the antiquities 

of this parish. Its old church is in a state of considerable 
dilapidation. Who was its patron cannot be discovered. ) 

The name itself is ambiguous, for it may either signify 
a man or an attribute. In either case nothing intelligible ; 

can be discovered in connection with it. No holy well or 
castle is seen in the parish, and the raths or forts found 
there are unworthy of description. In a curious work, 
designated Propugnaeitlum Catlioliccz Veritatis, by Father 
Anthony MacBrody, a copy of which is in the library of the 
Franciscan Friars at Dublin, an account is given of one of 
the priests of this parish in these words : — " Donogh Neylan 
was parish priest of Kilraghtis for many years. He after- 
wards became a Franciscan, and was sent to France. 
Returning to Ireland in 1642, he resided at the monastery 
of Ennis. Cromwell's forces captured him in 165 1 in the 
house of his relative Laurence Maclnerney. Having bound 
him on the back of a horse, they carried him to their 
stronghold at Inchicronan, and there hanged him." In the 
same year, and presumably at the same place, was hanged 
Teige Carrigge, another friar of the Ennis convent. 
MacBrody further says that at the time of writing his book, 
in 1668, his father, Macilin MacBrody, lived at Ballyogan, 
near Kilvoydane; that his age was 81 ; that his mother, 
Margaret Moloney sister of the Catholic Bishop of Killaloe 
had died in the year 165 8. He also mentions that the 
following persons perished at the hands of the Cromwel- 
lians although they had safe conducts viz.: Donogh O'Brien, 
of Newtown, who was burned to death in his old age ; 
James O'Brien, nephew of this Donogh, who was hanged at 
Nenagh ; Daniel Clancy, of Glenvane, was likewise put to 
death ; as also Father Owen O'Cahanc, a friar of the Ennis 
convent, who had a school at Ouin to which no less 


than eight hundred scholars had flocked in 1644, among 
whom was Brody himself together with eighteen other 
youths of the same name. In 165 1 the school was broken 
up and O'Cahane hanged. A man called " Rogerius 
Ormillius " who had been thirty years parish priest of 
Brentire was hung in October, 1652. About the same time 
were also hanged Hugh Carrige a parish priest, Roger 
M'Xamara, Daniel Clancy, and Jeremiah M'Inerney, friars 
of Quin convent who were born in Tradaree. Dcrmot 
Brody of Moynoe, with six other Catholics, were burned 
in a house at Scariff, and at other places were murdered 
Teige O'Connell an Augustinian monk, and John O'Cullin, 
a Dominican, born near Ballynahinch. 1 


There is every reason to believe that the patron of 
Templemaley is the saint after whom the parish of Kilmaley 
is called, but who this holy man was, or what his history, no 
means now exist of ascertaining. His church is intoler- 
able preservation, is of very plain architecture, and offers no 
feature of interest as regards its structure or surroundings. 
No other ancient ecclesiastical building is found in Temple- 
maley parish, but in the townland of Cill-Fiodhain is an old 
baptismal font, said to have belonged to a church now no 
longer existing on the spot. Just near the lunatic asylum is 
a holy well — the only one in the parish — dedicated to 
Ingean Baoth, the patroness of Killanaboy parish. Three old 
castles stood in Templemaley, one at Ballyallia now wholly 
demolished, another at Drumeen, and a third at Bally- 
carroll. In 15S0 Ballyallia belonged to Dr. James Neylan, 
Ballycarroll to Conor M'Clancy, but no account remains of 
the owner of Drummeen in that year, assuming that it had 

1 Brody cites as authorities for Threnodia. His own very curious 
these allegations the statements of work was printed at Prague in 1069. 
Teter Conroy in the work designated 


then been erected. The A nnals of the Four Masters contain- 
a reference to this James Neylan in these words : " A.D. 1 599. 
Professor O'Xiallian viz. James, the son of Donald, who was 
the son of Auliffe, son of Donogh O'Niallain, who had kept 
a house of open hospitality, died in the month of October at 
Baille-ui-Aille, in the barony of Quince, in the county of 
Clare." In Sir John Perrott's composition deed of 17th 
August 1585, he is mentioned as a man of constant good 
intentions towards the English, and on that account is to 
have the castle of Ballyallia and two quarters of land free 
as well from Crown rent, as from the Earl of Thomond's 


Until some further information relating to the lives of the 
various saints of the name of Cronan shall be obtained it is 
impossible to say which of them is the patron of this parish. 
A probable conjecture is that he is the same person vene- 
rated at Roscrea and Tomgraney. 1 His church was situate 
on a neck of land between two arms of the lake of Inchi- 
cronin, but it was removed in the end of the twelfth century 
to give place to a monastery of Regular Canons, built by 
Donald O'Brien, King of Limerick. The latter is now very 
much injured by time, but the site was chosen with an eye to 
the picturesque, and the view of the ruined building from the 
opposite side of the lake is full of beauty. 2 Another church 
and burial-ground exists in the parish called Kilvoydane, the 
church being dedicated to the same saint as that near Corofin. 
Nothing has come down to us touching the history of this 
holy man. His church is situate at the extreme end 
of the parish near Spancil Hill. Kiltolagh church and 
graveyard stands in the townland of Carrowmore. St. 

1 See at Tomgraney, in this work. Earl of Thomond, Jan. 19th, 1620,. 

2 After the suppression of the and again granted in fee to Henry 
abbey it was given, together with Earl ofThumond, Sept. 1st, 1661. — 
the tithes of the parish, to Donogh ArchJall Hon. Mb. p. 27. 


Tolagh was also the patron of the parish of Dysert, and in 
the part of this work describing the place all that is known 
of him will be found. Two other ruined churches exist in 
the parish, namely, Kilvakee and Kilvilly ; of the patrons 
of these nothing can be ascertained. At Doonmulvihill 
also there is a graveyard but no remains of an edifice. Of 
holy wells no less than five are seen in the parish of Inchi- 
cronan. These are Tobarmacduach, Tobcrineenboy, Tobcr- 
naneeve, Toberbreeda, and Kilvoydan. Near the lake stand 
the remains of tne castle of Inchicronan, not included in the 
list of those made about the year 1580, while at DoonmuU 
vihill is one belonging in that year to Owen MacSweency. 
Some other objects of antiquity not requiring particular 
attention are found in Inhicronan. The chief among these 
are Knocknacullia fort, and a structure called the Giant's 
Grave, both situate in the angle of the parish which reaches 
to Spancil-hill. 


In O'Reilly's Dictionary the word X)u\\ signifies water. 
The genitive is "Oui^e, and this parish is always so 
called in Irish, meaning the parish of the water or bog. 1 

In the history of St. Breccan of Arran it is stated that 
he founded a church in Dalcais called after his name. 2 In 
Doora parish there is a townland called Kilbreckan, and in 
that townland stands a ruined church named Carrantemple. 
Now, the old edifice in question must be the church founded 
by St. Breccan. Its characteristics are those of a building of 
very great antiquity. The patron saint of Doora must 
have been one whose history is partially forgotten, but the 
claim of St. Breccan is proved by the fact that two holy 
wells are found in this parish dedicated to him. His church 

1 Joyce : Irish Karnes of Places, ii., and of Kilbrecain in Thomond, and 
3S0. who was of the race of Cormac Cas, 

' "May 1st. Breccan, bishop. Some son of Oilill Oluin."— Martyrolo<jy of 
think that this was Breccan of Arran, Donegal. 



is in good preservation, and is seen from the railway- 
station at Ennis. In one of its walls is a window believed 
by O'Donovan to be of a very remote period, and some 
parts of the walls he also thought were coeval with this 
window. Another ruined church called Kellavella exists 
in this parish. Besides the two wells above mentioned, 
another holy well named in honour of St. Michael is found 
there. Doora contains the remains of two castles, Bally- 
hannan now called Castlefergus, in good preservation, and 
that of Clanmore utterly ruined. In 1580 Ballyhannan 
belonged to William Neylan, while the castle of Clonmore 
is not mentioned in the list so often referred to. 


St Ricin, according to tradition, is the patron of this 
parish. The word Clooney is not a word of ecclesiastical 
origin. It simply signifies a plain or meadow, and the 
church is called in Irish the church of the meadow. The 
building is in good preservation and presents no character- 
istic requiring description here. Two other burial grounds 
are found in the parish, the one named Killoghan, con- 
cerning the patron of which no information has come down 
to us ; the second has no name, and is used as a place of 
sepulture. Besides these, there is a graveyard in which 
unbaptised children only are interred. Three holy wells 
are in the parish, viz. : Tober-cill near Killoghan 
church, Tober-buran, and St. Patrick's well. The 
wholly ruined castle of Toonagh is situate in Clooney. It 
belonged in 1580 to a MacNamara. Castletown castle is 
also in the parish. In the same year it was the property of 
Bryan O'Brien, while the castle of Corbally belonged to 
Shane son of Mahone MacNamara, and that of Clooney to 
Donogh O'Grady. In this parish is the townland of Bally- 
hickey, so called from the OTIickeys, hereditary physicians 
of the O'Briens. The name in Irish is O'h Icidhe, which 




signifies the Descendant of the Healer from the root ic to 
heal, 1 


In O'Donovan's edition of the Annals of the Four Masters 
he states in a note' 2 that St. Finghin was the patron of this 
parish. In the same work 3 we read that in 1005 died St. 
Finghin, Abbot of Roscrea. In O'Hanlon's Lives of the 
Irish Saints, at ^he fifth of February, the life of St. Finghin, 
Bishop of Metz, is given, and Father OTIanlon hazards a 
conjecture that the Abbot of Roscrea and the Bishop of 
Metz are one and the same person. Only one saint named 
Finghin is mentioned in the Irish calendars.* St. Finghin's 
original church at Quin, it need scarcely be said was several 
centuries older than the great Franciscan Monastery of the 
same place. It is situated on the other side of the little 
river Rine, and its remains are in a tolerable state of 
presevation. From its size, it is evident that it was the 
church of a large and very thickly populated parish in 
former days. The derivation of the word Quin, pronounced 
in Irish Cuinche, is from the arbutus — which in Irish is 
Cumce — and it signifies arbutus producing land. 5 In 
Quin parish there is another church and graveyard, 
called Shankill, situated near Dangan. The parish 
abounds in holy wells, no less than six being within its 
ambit. Their names are as follows : — Tubber-na-neeve, 
Toberbrassil, Toberagee, Toberfmeen, Toberandillane, and 
Toberceeghan. It likewise includes in its limits the remains 
of seven castles, two of them namely, Creganeowen and 
Knoppogue being in perfect repair and inhabited, but the 
others either wholly ruined or in various stages of decay. I 
subjoin a list of them, with the names of their owners in 1580. 

1 Joyce : Irish Names of Places, ii., * Martyrology of Donegal, 5th Fe- 

76. bruary. 

- Four Masters, a.d. 127S. s Joyce : Irish Names of Places, ii., 

3 J Jem, A.D. 1005. 339. 


Dangan and Danganbrack, owned by John MacNamara, 
chief of West Clanculein and head of the Fionn branch 
of his family; Knoppogue, by Turlogh O'Brien; Ouin, 
by Cumeadha MacXamara ; Creganeowen, by Cumeadha, 
son of John MacXamara ; Cullane, by the same owner ; 
and Ballymarkahan, by John MacXamara. 

It is much to be regretted that the materials for the 
history of the ancient Franciscan Abbey at Ouin are so 
scanty. It stands just by the little stream, and is in such 
excellent preservation that it requires only a roof and other 
renovations to make the structure fit for the reception of the 
Friars once more. When it existed in a complete state, it 
must have been a very fine building. Its beautiful tower, 
cloisters, and great east and south windows, show that it 
was constructed in accordance with the best principles of 
Irish church architecture. It was founded in 1402 by 
Sheda Cam MacXamara, lord of Clanculein. 1 In 1433, 
Pope Eugenius IV. granted to Mahone Dall MacXamara, 
the then chief of the family, a licence to place friars of the 
Strict Observance in the monastery. Ouin was thus the first 
convent in Ireland in which that reformation of the 
Franciscan Order was admitted. 2 MacXamara, in the 
course of the same year added to the building, and in 
succeeding generations votive altars were built by other 
members of the same ancient family. 3 In truth the whole 
edifice forms a monument of the munificence and piety of 
that once powerful race. Previously to the foundation of the 
Abbey of Ouin, their place of sepulture was at Ennis. Their 
bounty was not confined to the mere building, because they 
endowed the friars with lands, fisheries, and other kinds of 
property. 4 When the monasteries of Clare were suppressed 

1 Monasticon HUbernicum, Vol. i., 24th of April, 4th of King James I., 

P- 9°- (a.D. 1607) it was found that the lands 

Annals of the Four Masters, A.D. of Keeva belonged to the abbey, as 

1402. also the mill in the town of Ouin. — 

-Luke Wadding, apud Allemand. In.tmsitions, ■ Clare; Record Office. 

3 Archdall's Monast. Hib. : ibid. Dublin. 

* By an Inquisition taken on the 


in the beginning of the reign of Elizabeth the brethren were 
expelled, and Quin Abbey was converted into a barrack by 
the English garrison. The building was soon burned over 
their heads by Donogh O'Brien. 1 By the munificence of the 
MacNamaras and of the other families of the district, it was 
soon roofed over again, the walls, by their firmness, having 
remained uninjured.' 2 In 1626 it was again occupied, under 
the authority of Father Francis Matthew the then Provin- 
cial of the Franciscan Order in Ireland, and Father Teige 
(called Bonaveqture) MacGorman, a preacher of the 
Order, was placed over it as superior. In the previous years 
the friars had often visited the place, and accorded their 
ministrations to the people of the surrounding country. 3 
One of them was Rory MacNamara son of Donald and 
Mary MacMahon. He was taken and shot by Cromwell's 
followers near Clare Castle in 165 1. Daniel Clancy of a 
respectable family of Tradraigh was a lay-brother. He shared 
the same fate in that year. Jeremiah M'Incrney the son of 
wealthy parents was also a lay-brother. He entered the 
Order in 1640 while Father Teige MacGorman was still 
guardian, and suffered death at the hands of the English 
in 165 1. 3 Bishop Pocock thus describes it as it stood 
in his time (1740): "Quin is one of the finest and most entire 
monasteries in Ireland. It has an ascent of several steps 
to the church. At the entrance one is surprised with the 
view of the high altar. On each side of the arch of the 
chancel is a chapel, that at the south containing three or 
four altars and a Gothic figure of some saint in relief. 
The other on the north contains a monument of the family 
of MacNamara of Ranna. On a stone by the high altar 
appears the name of Kennedy in large letters." At the 

F l Annates Minoncm, by Father Wadding in the library of the Fran- 

onseca, Rome, 1733. Vol. S, p. 46. ciscon Order, Dublin, and translated 

Vol. 10, p. 218. by Most Rev. Dr. Mullock, Bishop 

' Idem. of Newfoundland, in DulTy's Hiber- 

3 See the compilation made by Father man Magacine, Vol. i, p. 190. See 

Francis Ward for the use of Luke also MacBrcitdin, lib. iv. cap. 15. 


north side of the high altar is a handsome tomb, with an 
inscription round the edge in these words : " Hie jaccnt 
Oidh filius Laurentii filii Mathei MacCortmara, et Constina 
ni MacNamara, uxor ejus, qui me fieri fecerunt." Above 
this inscription on the same tomb is a coat of arms, a lion 
rampant, crest a hand with a javelin, the motto " Firmitas in 
Ccelo," and this inscription : " This monument was erected by 
Mahon Dall IMacNamara, and repaired by Captain Teige ' 
IMacNamara, of Ranna, A.D. 1714." 1 In the south chapel 
of the abbey is a tomb with the following epitaph : " I.H.S. 
This tomb was*erected by Mathew Macnamara of Moohane, 
in ye year 1500, and repaired by his great grandson, Mathew 
Macnamara, of Summerhill, in the year 1768, in memory of 
his father Teige, and his brother James Rowe M'Namara. 
R.I.P." Another tomb in the same chapel has this inscrip- 
tion : " Here lies the body of Edmond Macnamara grandson 
to Hugh Macnamara, of Corbally, deceased this life May the 
17th, 1 76 1, aged 21 years." Under the tower in a recess, is 
found a broken flag stone part of which is wanting and 
upon which can be traced the following words : "Hie jacet 
Johannes Capi[ta]nus MacNemara [Ju]nii 1601. More ni 
M[ac-n]amara me fieri fe[c]it." On a tomb partly buried in 
the wall of the sacristy are these words, the rest being 
covered by the mason work : " Here lies the I . . . 
McNamara, of ... . Dyed the 18th of ... . 
Cap. Teige Mc .... Ranna, aged 82 ... . 
ye 27 July, 1741 .... McNamara of Ba . . . 
who died in ye . . . . his age ye 10th .... 

In another part of the abbey is found a tomb thus in- 
scribed : " Here lyeth the body of Mary Crcagh, otherwise 
MacNamara, wife of Andrew Crcagh of the city of Lime- 
rick merchant and eldest daughter of Daniel MacNamara 
of Ardcluny in the county of Clare, Esq. and Mary Mac 

1 This is the man for whom the Andrew MacCurtin. The MS. is now 
Wars of Turhgh were transcribed by in the Library of Trinity College. 



Namara, otherwise O'Callaghan his wife, daughter and 
heiress of Thady O'Callaghan of Mountallon in said county, 
deceased, who died the 23rd of June, 1756." 

In the course of the excavations made by the Irish 
Board of Works in 1882, it was found that the abbey had 
been built on the site of a Norman castle. The castle had 
round towers at the four angles forming a square, with 
curtain walls of the thickness of ten feet connecting them. 
In the construction of the church the builders utilized two 
of these curtain walls, forming of them the south and east 
walls of the chancel 

We give here translations of some Irish Deeds relating 
to lands situate in Ouin. "Partition of Land, 1543 : The 
effect of this writing is as follows : A partition is made by 
Donogh O'Brien, and by Conor son of Donogh MacGluin, 
between Mahone son of Morogh MacGluin and his brother 
Donogh to wit, to Donogh the quartermecr of the half 
quarter nearest to the fort of the half quarter of Cullenagh 
in Ballymacloon, and the half quartermeer o{ Derrcen in 
Carrowgar, the half quartermeer of Lisduff in Creevagh, and 
the half quartermeer Clonmore in Creevagh, comprising 
five half quartermeers. All the lands possessed by the said 
MacGluins over and and above those heretofore mentioned 
are to be divided share and share alike between them. 
Written at Cumce (Quin), the nth of July, 1542. The 
witnesses present are God in the first place, Donogh 
O'Brien, Teige MacConmeadh MacNamara, Donogh son 
of John (M'Namara), of Kilkishen; Teige Ultagh, of Bally- 
macashel ; Conor MacGluin, Richard Roe MacMaoilin, 
Conor Balv (the stammerer), O'Rodan the steward of 
O'Brien. I. Mahone MacGluin. 1 

Purchase of Land, A.D. 1545. 
" This is the amount of the mortgage which Murrogh, son 
of Donogh M'Gluin, paid for the half quarter of the Liss of 

1 The name of Clune is still well known in this district. 


Carnmallow for Donogh, the son of Conor O'Brien, 1 and 
also for Murrogh himself, viz. twenty milch cows with their 
calves, twenty in-calf cows, a dozen of heifers, and two 
strippers. This mortgage was given to John son of Logh- 
len MacNamara of Ballymarkahan, for the half quarter 
of Lisheennabunnia, and for the half quartermeer of Bally- 
anerball. It is by the consent of Teige son of Loghlen 
his brother, that Mahone mortgaged the half quarter of the 
Liss and Knock in the first-mentioned lands. All other 
lands which the aforesaid race of MacGluin should acquire 
to be enjoyed, share and share alike, between themselves 
and their foste* brother said Donogh O'Brien and their 
heirs. At the expiration of five years afterwards Murrogh 
MacGluin gave sixty marks to said Mahone and Teige son 
of Loghlen, for the fee-simple of that land for ever, accord- 
ing to the form and covenant before mentioned. Anno 
Domini, 1545. In witness whereof we, Mahone, son of 
Loghlen of Ballymarkahan, and Teige son of Loghlen of 
the same place, do set our hands to this deed in presence of 
witnesses here present. — Mahone MacLoghlan, Teige Mac 
Loghlen. Murrogh O'Brien is the O'Brien at this time. 2 
(Murchad OBrian, na OBrian an tan so). These are 
the witnesses present, viz., Teige MacNamara and John 
MacNamara of Danganbrack ; Donald M'Rory of Caher- 
scooby ; Flaherty O'Liddy of Shandangan ; Teige O'Brien 
of Quin; Thomas Duff, son of Miler of Kilnahow ; Teige, 
son of Donogh, son of John, of Cloonlissan ; and many 
others not mentioned here." 


In Irish, the name of this parish is Tulach na napstoil, 
that is the Hill of the Apostles. Although in compara- 
tively modern times the church of Tulla was thus designated, 

1 This Donogh son of Conor was 2 This Murrogh O'Brien was 

Donogh the Fat, second Earl of Murrogh the Tanist, created first 
Thomond. Earl ol Thomond in 1543. 


there is good reason to believe that the parish was originally 
dedicated to St. Mochuille in honour of whom several holy 
wells in the parish are called after his name. The ruined 
church on the top of the hill is of comparatively recent 
date, and it offers no subject for description here. An ex- 
tensive graveyard surrounds it. 1 In the town land of Bally- 
blood in Tulla parish, is a small burial-ground for children 
called Liskcnny ; in Craig is another, the name of which is 
Cill-Chuille ; a third in Lahardan, called Tober Mochuille, 
from the adjacent holy well ; and a fourth in Formoyle. 
The holy wells of the parish are these : Tobar mic Scain, 
that is the well o£ the son of John, in Uggoon ; three wells 
dedicated to St Mochuille, situate respectivelyin Lahardaun, 
Knockdromleague,and Fortanebeg ; and St. Bridget's well in 
Kiltanon. Tulla abounds in castles, a list of which with 
their owners in 15S0 we subjoin: Tulla, Donald Rcagh 
MacXamara ; Fortane and Garruragh, Donagh and Rory 
MacXamara ; Lisofin and Lismeighan (now Maryfort), Rory 
MacXamara ; Fomorla and Tiredagh Turlogh O'Brien ; 
Milltown, Cuvea son of Mahone MacXamara. 

The following Irish Deeds, translated from the original, 
deal with lands in this parish : " This is an agreement 
of the sept of MacShanc (MacXamara) with the family 
of Slattery, viz. Teige Oge, son of Teige, son of 
Curvea ; Teige, son of Loghlen, son of John ; Sabia, 
daughter of Teige, son of Donogh ; and Dermot, son of 
Loghlen; namely, that the Slatterys are to obtain from the 
sept of MacShane an assignment in writing of the lands of 
Ballyslattery to those members of the family of Slattery 
now in being, viz. Donald son of Donogh, son of Donald, 
son of Dermot O'Slattery ; and Loghlen Roe, son of 
Donald, son of Donald, son of Loghlen O'Slattery. The 
sept of MacShane are bound to give their written guarantee 

' Oct. 27th, 2nd of King James I. teen to the church of Tulla for 

Inquisition of this date states that mas-es, and that said grant was re- 

McXamara. of Dangan, had granted voiced as contrary to the statute uf 

the quarter of laud called Cahereut- Mortmain. 


to the Slatterys that they (the MacShanes) should go into 
court and council to make good their title to Ballysiattery. 
The Slatterys are to pay to the MacShanes at present 
twenty shillings, and two ounces yearly for two years 
from this date, and are bound to honour the sept 
of MacShane with suitable food and raiment accord- 
ing to their ability; and the sept of MacShane are 
bound to protect that family. And if it should happen 
that both parties should preserve the land from those deal- 
ing unjustly towards them, then after the expiration of 
two or three years from this time, the treatment of the 
MacShanes by th^e Slatterys shall be regulated thenceforth 
according to the judgment of Teige MacClancy ; of Mahone, 
son of John, son of Donogh, and of Rory O'Hickey. 
A.D. 1493. TOifi • • TOrp t>iA|tmAix) 1Tl4cLucht<MTi ; 1lliri 
Ua-oj niAcLuclitAin ; lllip Sok-ob Irrejin Ua-6§ 1VUc'OoncriAT>. 

The witnesses are Teige M ''Clancy, Rory O'Hickey, 
Mahone, son of John, son of Donogh ; and the parties 
themselves, viz. the sept of MacShane, and the Slattery 
family, viz. Donald, Loghlen, and Teige." 

Deed of Agreement, A.D. 1502. — "This is the agreement 
made between Donald son of John, son of Conor (Mac 
Namara), and Donald son of Loghlen O'Slattery, and 
Donald O'Slattery, upon giving a mortgage to Donald, son 
of John (MacXamara) and his brothers, for their portion of 
Ballysiattery, being three parts of the half quarter of 
Riaskamore, between the two parts of the half quarter 
of Knock The amount of the mortgage given by 
O'Slattery to MacXamara is seven and a-half marks, 1 
fifteen in-calf cows, and a bay horse. It shall not 
be in the power of anyone to redeem said land from 
O'Slatteiy, except MacXamara or his son or grandson. 
The green of Killeen is the place charged with this mort- 
gage, as is attested by Sheeda and his children, by Fineen, 
by the son of Conor, and by Mora, the daughter of Brian, in 

1 The value of a mark was thirteen shillings and fourpence. 


like manner ; and by the children of Cuvea, son of 
Loghlen ; and by many others of their race who have given 
their consent at both sides. A.D. 1 502. Witnesses Teige, 
Flathry, and Dermot M'Clancy ; Domnall Mac Seain ^^ ; 
Donchad MacSeain {^ ; Cumeada MacSeain." 


Although this parish is so called after the Blessed 
Virgin Mary, there is reason to suppose that it was 
originally dedicated to some Irish saint. A holy well a 
little way from the site of the church is called Tobar Faoile, 
after the virgin saint of that name who had a religious 
establishment at Athcliath Meadhraidhe in the county of 
Galway, and another near Limerick from which the parish 
of Killeely is designated. Of the church itself not a trace 
remains, but the graveyard surrounding it is greatly used 
by the people of the neighbouring country as a place of 
burial. In Kilmurry parish are found the castle of Rossroe, 
in good preservation belonging in 1580 to Fineen, son 
of Loghlen MacNamara ; and the castle of Drumullan, 
the property at that time of Covea son of Mahone Mac 


Pedigree of John Mac Namara of Cratloc Moyle. 

Cumara, 17th in descent from Cas, the great ances- 
tor of the Dal Cais. 

Donald, the first who took the name of Mac Na- 
mara, flourished in 1142. (Four Masters.) 
Cumara Beg, slain in 1151. (Four Masters.) 


Cumeadha More. 

Loghlen, + 13 13. 

Mac Con. 

Sheeda, + 1278. (Wars of Thomond.) 

« Cumeadha More, + 1306. (Wars of Thomond.) 

Buried in Ennis Abbey. 
Maccon, Lord of Clan Culein in 1312. (Wars of 

Sheeda. (Forwhom theRental was compiled in 1318.) 

1 John, + 1373. (Four Masters.) 

.Sheeda Cam+1414. | 

FounderofQuin Abbey. Cumara Gear, + 1380. (Four Masters.) 

I I 

Finen. Cumeadha, + 1416. (lour Masters.) 

I I 

Loghlen. Teige, + 1571. (Four Masters.) 

I I 

Fineen Mergach, of Ross- John. 1 

I Cumeadha, + 1587. (Four Masters.) 
Sheeda Cam, of Rossroe. | 

I John. 2 

I Daniel. 3 
John Nydar, sold Ross- | 

roe about 1629 to Vis- Donogh, of Cratloe Moyle. 
count Clare. | 

John 4 = Margaret, da. of Lord Brittas. 

Francis = Bridget, da. of Lord Tower. 

John 5 = Margaret, da. of John Butler of Caherbane. 

1 This John signed the Co. Clare Sheriff of Clare, 16S9, and Member 
Composition in 15S5. for the County in James II. 1'arlia- 

2 John of Dangan, called Fionn, ment, 1689-90. 

died 1603. Inquisition. 5 John Mac Namara died about the 

3 Daniel of Dangan, Knopoge, and year 1780, leaving no issue. He was 
Cratloe Moyle. the last representative of the mam 

4 John Ma? Namara was Lieut.- stem of the Mac Namaras. 
Colonel of Clare's Dragoons, High 





THE proprietors of this territory, previously to the year 
1 318, were the O'Eichtigherns, now Anglicised Ahern. It 
appears from MacXamara's Rental that it comprised the 
parish of Kil^naghta and part of the district lying between 
that parish and the city of Limerick. The name of Ui 
Cearnaigh is still locally preserved in that of the river 
Ogarney, which passes through Sixmilebridge, and falls 
into the Shannon near Bunratty. The Ogarney flows 
through the midst of the district, from the castle of 
Enaghoflinn to that of Rossmanagher. After that the river 
forms the boundary between Ui Ainmire and Tradraighe. It 
was an ancestor of O'Ahem, an ancient chief of this territory, 
who granted to St. Munchin the Island of Inis Sibtond, 
now the King's Island, near Limerick. It does not appear 
that all the country reaching from Limerick to Kilmurry- 
na-gaull was included in the lands of the Ui Cearnaigh, 
since we have the authority of O'Heerin for placing two 
other chieftains in this district namely, the Ui Ainmire 
and Ui Sedna. The probability is that the territory of 
Ui Cearnaigh extended from the mountain of Sliabh 
Oighidh-an-Righ or Glennagross mountain to the parish of 
Kilmurry, and that the country stretching thence to the 
Shannon was divided between the Ui Ainmire and the 
Ui Sedna. 


In the Martyrotgy of Donegal, at the 14th of November, 
the O'Clcrys state that St. Finnachta was a king of 


Ireland as well as a saint. " It was he that remitted the 
Boroimhe for St. Molong Luachra the holy bishop." Fin- 
nachta was of the race of Conall Creamthain, son of Niall. 1 
His church, situate in the townland of Ballysheen, is very 
much injured by time, but certain parts of the walls, 
as well as several of the windows show that it is of a date 
almost coeval with the founding of Christianity in Ire- 
land. The burial ground adjoining is much used as a 
place of sepulture. Two of the tombs are of some anti- 
quity ; we here give the inscriptions upon them, but 
without adhering to the spelling or contractions : 

" Orate pro animabus Georgii Cruice generosi, Johanna: 
Duffy uxoris ejus, et Jacobi filii et heredis eorum, qui me 
fieri fecerunt ; quorum animarum propitietur Deus : et 
obiit iste Jacobus tertia die Decembris, Anno Domini 1600, 
aetatis suae XII. Quisquis es qui transis, sta prope 
me diu. Sum quod eris, fueram quod es, pro me precor 
ora." 2 

The second flagstone has the following epitaph in raised 
letters similar to the other, and with a crucifixion besides 
in low relief : 

" Conditur hoc tumulo, Thadeus, cognomine Rodan, 
Cor sibi, dum vixit, criminis insons erat : Anno milemo, 
sex cento, junge quibus octo (viii.), ter quinis Junio, pocula 
nigra bibit. Hanc fieri tumbam fecit post funera, conjux 
ejus, Anina, gente Machon, ano. di. 1619." 3 

1 There is another Finnachta who a house at Ennis Abbey appears — 

is referred to in the Chronicon Scoto- "This house was built in the year 

rum, a.d. 84S, in these words : — of our Lord God 165S, by John 

"Finnachta, son of Tomoltach, the Cruce." 

saint of Luimneach (a place on the 3 According to an Inquisition taken 

borders of Meath and Munster), lat- 2nd October, 19th year of James I., 

terly an anchorite, but previously Thadeus, son of Mahone O'Ruddan, 

King of Connaught, quievit." died on the 12th of May, 1618, seized 

2 In the year 15S4 the name of the of Clonmunnia and Ballysheen, and 

sheriff of Clare was Cruice {Four leaving a son, John, aged thirteen 

Masters). John Rcagh MacXamara, years, and a widow named More. 

of Rossroe, who died in 1613, left a In 1641, John Reddan, son of Tha- 

widow whose name was Margaret deus, was owner of Iiallysheenbeg 

Crues (Clare Inquisition 2nd Octo- (see Book of Distributions and For/a- 

ber, 19th James I.) On the wall of tuns, infi a). a 


A monastery, or rather chapel, stood near Sixmile- 
bridge, but its site is no longer known. It was an 
offshoot from the church of the Dominicans at Limerick, 
and it existed till 1641. 1 In 1754 the place was visited by 
De Burgo, author of the Hibcrnia Dominicana, but he 
found no vestige of the old building remaining.' 2 

Only one holy well is found in this parish, namely, 
Tober-neev-oge, at Castlecrine. Its castles on the other 
hand are numerous. At Alount levers, formerly called 
Ballyarrilla, stood a castle now wholly demolished, but 
which appears to have been inhabited in 16S0. 3 A hun- 
dred years previously it was the property of Bryan, son of 
Daniel Roe MacNamara. Cappagh castle was inhabited 
in 1580 by John MacNamara. After the MacNamaras 
were deprived of their patrimony the castle of Cappa 
became the inheritance of the Earl of Thomond. 
During the siege of Bunratty in 1646, it was garrisoned 
by Colonel MacAdam with a company of musketeers 
under Serjeant Morgan. These were captured by the 
Confederate Catholics on the 13th of May. The castle 
was afterwards converted into a windmill, at which the 
Earl's tenants were bound to get their corn ground. 
The structure has wholly disappeared, but some old mill- 
stones are yet to be seen near the place. Ballycullen castle 
belonged in 1580 to Shane, son of Daniel Roe MacNamara, 
while that at Ballymulcashel was the property of Teige 
Oultagh O'Brien. 

Amongst the Irish Deeds published by Hardiman are 
the following relating to lands believed to be in this 
parish : 4 

"This writing declares that Donald, son of Donogh, 
son of Donald MacNamara of Ballycullen, and John 
O'Mulconry of Ardkyle, do covenant with one another 

1 Archdall, Monast. Hib. Vol. i., 3 See Etinrteyh Tour, infra. 

p. 93. * Transactions of the Royal Irish 

J tlib. Dom., p. 213. Academy, Vol. xv. 


concerning the quartermeer of Magherainchloigin, the half 
quartermeer of Magherabealnabha, viz., said Donald con- 
veys said three half quartermeers to said John for twenty- 
seven in-calf cows; and it is agreed that if said lands be 
redeemed between May and the feast of St. John (24th of 
June), the consideration to be repaid shall be in barren 
cows; and if redeemed after St. John's day, it shall be in 
in-calf cows ; and said John is to have the crop of said 
lands free for the year they shall be redeemed. The said 
Donald and his heirs are bound to keep the lands free 
from tribute (O'Brien's rent), and none shall have 
power to redeem them except the lawful heirs of the said 
Donald, and that with their own proper cattle. I. Murtagh, 
son of Conor Oge MacClancy, wrote this by the consent 
of both parties, at Rossmuincher (Rossmanagher), in the 
year of our Lord 1548. The witnesses are Donogh, son of 
John, son of Mahone (MacNamara), of Rossmuincher ; 
Donald Roe, son of Conor Uaihne (Green) ; John, son of 
Donogh, son of Donald (MacNamara) ; Flattery (PLaic]\i), 
son of Donald MacClancy; Loghlen O'Carmody; Loghlen 
Reagh MacCusack (lilac 17*05). Dated the 9th of June." 

"Assignment of Mortgage of Land, a.d. 1548, upon the quar- 
termeer of the field of the Marie pit {Puill-an-Mharla). 

" The intent of this writing is that we, Loghlen son of 
John O'Carmody, and Daniel son of Loghlen, do transfer 
our right, possession, and security unto John O'Mulconry 
and his heirs, in consideration of ten cows and twenty 
shillings in money ; and we do acknowledge to have re- 
ceived full payment and satisfaction from him for the same, 
and that we have no further claim upon him, and have 
given our own security and possession into his hands. 
Written at Rossmuinciar, in the year of our Lord 154S, on 
the nth day of December. The witnesses present are, 
Donald, son of Donogh, son of Donald (MacNamara) ; 


Donogh, son of John, son of Mahone, son of Con, son of 
Shceda, son of Donald (MacNamara) ; Teige Ultagh 
O'Brien. I. Flattery MacClancy wrote this by the consent 
of both parties. <Q^» The hand of Loghlen O'Carmody ; 
Daniel MacLoghlen." 


This territory was co-extensive with the parish of 
Aglish Sinchill, 1 now called Ogonnelloe, from the tribe 
name of the O'Duracks. its ancient owners. Its old 
church is almost level with the earth, but an extensive 
burial ground surrounds it. On the south-east, a little way 
off, is a holy well called Tobar Sraithin. A burial place 
for children, called Cill-na-Bearnan, is found in the parish. 
Its castles are Caher, belonging in 15S0 to the sons of 
Rory MacNamara ; and the castle which stands on a small 
island part of the townland of Carrowena, and called 
Caislean Ban. In the College List this is supposed to be 
the one designated Castleloghe, belonging to the Baron 
of Inchiquin. It remained in excellent preservation till 
about the year 1820, when it became the haunt of illicit 
distillers, who defied the assaults of several soldiers, 
backed by two pieces of artillery. It remained thus a 
stronghold of those law breakers till 1827, in which year 
the Government had it blown up with gunpowder. 


About the year 1488, a division of Corcabaskin into 
two parts, East and West, appears to have been made 
between two branches of the family of MacMahon. 
Clonderalaw Castle was the principal residence of the 
chief of the Eastern portion of the territory, and the 
boundary of his country appears to have been conter- 

1 Sec MacNamara's Ken/a!, stipra. 


minous with that which divides the barony of Clonderalaw 
from Moyarta at the present day. The following references 
are made in the Annals of the Four Masters to East Corca- 
baskin : — 

A.D. 1483. — Mahone O'Griffy, bishop of Killaloc, died 
and was honourably interred in the Monastery of Canon 
Island in Corcabaskin. 

A.D. 1568. — Brian Oge MacMahon, son of Brian, son of 
Turlogh, son of Teige, died ; and Teige, son of Murrogh, 
son of Teige Roe, son of Turlogh, son of Teige, assumed 
his place. 

A.D. 1 58 1. — David Purcell (of Ballycalhane, parish of 
Kildimo, Ce. of Limerick), being in rebellion, set out one 
day from the borders of Kerry in the county of Limerick 
in a cot, with sixteen men, and came to Scattery Island, 
where they stayed that night. As soon as Turlogh, son of 
Teige, son of Murrogh, son of Teige Roe, son of Turlogh 
viz., the son of MacMahon of East Corcabaskin, heard that 
David had passed by him, he launched a vessel upon the 
Shannon in the early part of the night and sailed with his 
followers in pursuit of the strangers. They took David 
prisoner on Scattery Island, and brought him and his men 
to Baile mic Colmain (Colmanstown). On the following 
day David's men were hanged on the nearest trees, and he 
was sent to Limerick, where he was immediately executed. 1 

A.D. 1589. — Teige-an-Duna, the son of Donogh, the son 
of Murtagh, the son of Donogh, the son of Murtagh, the 
son of Brian Ballach, ancestor of the family of Tuath-na- 
Fearna,' 2 i.e., of East Corcabaskin and of Sleocht an Bhal- 
laigh, died. 

A.D. 1594. — Teige, the son of Murrogh, the son of 
Teige Roe, the son of Turlogh, the son of Teige MacMa- 
hon, Lord of East Corcabaskin, died, and his son Turlogh 
Roe assumed his place. 

1 Colemanstown, .1 ruined castle on - Tuath-na-Feama was the ancient 

the brink of the Shannon, in the name of the parish of Killadysert. 

parish of Killofin. 


A.D. 1599. — Murtagh Cam MacMahon, son of Conor, 
son of Mahone, son of Thomas, from Cnoc-an-locha, in the 
territory of East Corcabaskin, died in March of this year. 

In MacBrody's Propugnaculum CatJiolica Vcritatis it 
is stated that John, son of Conor MacMahon, of Knocka- 
locha, by his wife Bridget Brody, daughter of "Darii" Mac 
Bruodin, of Mount Scot, was invited at the age of ten by 
his uncle Thomas MacMahon, who was living with the 
Earl of Arundel, to go over to England and live amongst 
the Earl's pages. He was thence sent to Rome to study, 
and was there admitted into the Society of Jesus. He 
returned to England afterwards, and was hanged, drawn, 
and quartered, in 1594. 1 


In the Irish calendars under the date of the 13th 
August, a female saint named Iomhar is commemorated. 
Whether she is the patron of this parish cannot be said 
with any degree of certainty. The remains of her church 
are of great antiquity, going back to the ninth century. 
In the eastern gable was a window formed on the best 
models of the primitive style of Irish architecture, round 
headed inside and outside, and in almost perfect preserva- 
tion. With very questionable taste, it was removed from 
its proper position in the end of the old church, and built 
into the tower of the modern Catholic church of Kilrush 
About one hundred yards on the east side of the church is 
Leac Iomaighe (the flag of St. Emma), and a little way off 
is a holy well called Tobar Iomaighe, at which stations are 
still performed, but no particular day of the year is 
remembered as her festival. In the parish of Killimer is 
the castle of Doonnagurroge, which in 1580 belonged to 
Teige, son of Murtagh Cam MacMahon. 

1 Brody in mistake states that this M'Mahon was of Tuath-na-farna. 


The ancient church of this parish was pulled down about 
ninety years ago to supply materials for the existing Protes- 
tant church which stands upon its site. It was dedicated 
to the Blessed Virgin Mary as its name implies. In the 
townland of Kilmore was another church, but to whom 
dedicated cannot be ascertained. In this parish stood the 
castle of Clonderalaw, the principal residence of Mac 
Mahon, chief of East Corcabaskin. Only a few fragments 
of the building can now be seen. It belonged in 1580 to 
Teige MacMahon. The other antiquities of the parish are 
holy wells, little burial places, and earthen forts not of 
sufficient importance to call for detailed description. 


St Michael the Archangel is the patron of this parish. 
The church is comparatively modern. About one hundred 
yards distant is a holy well dedicated to St. Michael, and in 
the townland of Kiltumper, another sacred to the king of 
the Sabbath, Ri-an-Domhnaigh. In the lake of Knocka- 
lough is the ruin of one of the castles of Turlogh Roe 
MacMahon, a chieftian well known by tradition as 

Uoi|it>eAUl)AC ]\uao, <mi -poiUl Ajur 1 An eicij, 
*Oo rharib a bean if a te^nb 4-n'em feacc. 1 

Knockalough castle is not included in the list of the 
Trinity College IMS. Neither is the castle of Cahermurphy, 
the ancient family residence of the MacGormans, situated 
also in this parish. About one half mile from the church 
of Kilmihill, on a piece of land called Termonroe, are two 
standing stones called Liagans. They are over seven 
feet high, and exhibit no markings whatever. From venera- 
tion of the spot, a small piece of land is left uncultivated 

1 " Turlogh Roe, the liar and deceiver, who by or.e stroke killed his wife 

and child." 


around them. It is possible they were set up as marks to 
show the boundary of the church land. A curious account 
exists of the discovery of the holy well of St. Michael. It 
is to this effect : " About the year 1632 an honourable lady, 
Mariana MacGorman widow of Thomas MacGorman, of 
Tullycrine, then aged about 52 years, had long suffered 
extreme agony from gout and other complaints of a kindred 
character. She dreamt on three several occasions that St. 
Michael the Archangel appeared to her and directed her 
to go to his church at Kilmihill, and dig for his well at a 
little distance, where she should find some reeds growing. 
After hearing mass, she consulted the parish priest, whose 
name was the Rev. Dermot O'Quealy, and he, accompanied 
by herself and her son, young Thomas MacGorman, soon 
discovered the spring on the spot .indicated. She drank 
the water, and was immediately cured of all her ailments. 
The report of the miraculous discovery of the well and of 
its healing effects spread abroad, and thousands of sick 
people had recourse to it as a remedy for their diseases. 
Among those who came was John Moloney, the Catho- 
lic Bishop of Killaloe, who suffered from some disorder, 
and instantly obtained relief." This information is given 
by Father Anthony MacBrody, born at Ballyogan, 
parish of Kilraghtis. MacBrody further states that he 
was nephew of Dr. Moloney, and a relative of Mrs. 
O'Gorman. 1 


In the locality this parish is known as the Rinn, because 
it forms a promontory into the Shannon. Its name is 
derived from a family called O'Finn, one of those of 
Thomond as given by MacFirbis in his genealogies. The 
ancient church is in good preservation, and adjoining it is a 
very extensive burial-ground. In the townland of Kilkerin 

1 Propngnaculum Catholicot Veritalu, 


stands an old church of the same name, small in size and 
of great antiquity. It is dedicated to St. Kiaran, but it is 
difficult to decide which of the saints so named is its patron. 
A little way on the east side of this church is St. Kiaran's 
altar, with a cross sculptured on one of the stones. In the 
townland of Knocknacross, now modernized into Mount- 
shannon West, is a holy well dedicated to the same St. 
Kiaran, but the festival day of the saint is not remembered. 
Ballymacolman, or Colmanstown, has the remains of an old 
castle, which belonged in 1580 to Teige MacMahon, of 


There *s no patron saint of this parish. The name is 
derived from the streamlet near which the old church stands, 
and which word in the Irish is Feadan. A quarter of a 
mile to the south of the church is a well dedicated to St. 
Senan. In the townland of Caher-da-con (Cahercon) 
stood a castle which in 1580 belonged to Teige MacMahon 
of Clonderalaw. Not a vestige of it now remains. 


In the Irish language this parish was called Disertmur- 
tuile, and sometimes Tuaith-na-fearna, from the alder trees 
which, it would appear, had in olden times grown plenti- 
fully there. The old church resembled a monastery rather 
than a parish church of the usual character. It is firmly 
built, large in size, and has a square tower at the west end. 
Three holy wells are found in the parish ; one on Lacka- 
nashinnagh, dedicated to the Blessed Virgin ; a second at 
Crovraghan called Tobar Bechain ; and a third at Cooga 
named Tobar Ruadhan. No festivals of those two saints 
are either celebrated or remembered in the parish. To the 
parish of Killadysert belongs the island of Inis-na-Cananach. 
or Canon Island, on which there is an abbey church of con- 

"'**■' ■■■'j»-ts"-sy- 







>> fe 



siderablc size and in good preservation, founded in the 
twelfth century by Donald O'Brien King of Limerick, for 
Canons Regular of the Rule of St. Augustine. 1 In a rental 
of the Crown Estate of 1577 the Queen was the owner of 
this abbey, of the island, of three other islands, viz. Inishoul, 
Inishcarkcr, and Inishtubrid ; also of two-thirds of the tithe 
of Killadysert and of Kilchreest. In June, 1605, a grant was 
made to Donogh, Earl of Thomond, of these tithes, of the 
abbey lands, and a moiety of the abbey of Clare, and 
of the churches of Kilchreest, Kilmihill, Kilmacduane, 
together with other church lands and tithes in Clondcralaw 
and Islands. The grant was confirmed to him in 1609, and 
again in 1661. Nothing of antiquarian interest remains in 
the abbey of Canon Island, except an inscription which 
cannot be deciphered. A little to the east of Canon Island 
is Inisloe (Inishluaidhe), upon which St. Senan founded a 
church ; no remains of it now exist, and nothing to indi- 
cate his presence there except a large tree said to have been 
blessed by him. Inistubrid, upon which also he raised a 
church, is without a trace of such a building. Inisda- 
droum (Coney Island), shows the remains of two churches ; 
one of these was founded by St. Brendan of Ardfert, about 
A.D. 550. 2 The islands of Inishdadroum and Inishma- 
cowney, in this parish, had each a castle, belonging in 1580 
to Teige MacConor O'Brien, ancestor of the Ballycorick 
family of that name. Crovraghan also had a castle, now 
levelled to the ground, which was owned by him. 


Those parishes of Ireland which are not dedicated to 
saints of national origin are supposed to be of more modern 
institution than the others. Kilchreest means the church of 
Chri>t, and is consequently, according to that hypothesis, a 
later creation. Its walls are in very good preservation, 

1 Archdall, Monas. Hid., vol. i. p.79. Ion's Lives of the. Irish Saints, vol. 

2 Life of St. Brendan in O'Han- v., page 442. Dublin. 1S90. 


but the building is perfectly plain, and merits no particular 
description. A little way from it stands the castle of 
Dangan-moy-builc, 1 the property in 1580 of Teige Mac 
Mahon, of Clonderalaw. The following Deed, translated 
from the Irish, refers to the lands of Knappoge situate 
in this parish' 2 : " These are the debts due to Dermot Oge 
O'Hehir on the lands of Crappoge, viz. two marks by 
Murrogh MacMahon ; and it was on this condition that 
Dermot Oge advanced these two marks, viz. to have Crap- 
poge free, free in every respect, except in giving their por- 
tion to Gallowglasses alone ; the power of redemption of 
Crappoge to be enjoyed by Dermot, son of Conor, for re- 
deeming it from Dermot Oge; or by Dermot Oge himself, if 
not redeemed by Dermot son of Conor ; and Mahone 
MacGilla Riabadh (Gallery) did not allow that power more 
than one year until he took it to himself ; and when 
Murrogh MacMahon died, Dermot Oge came to Teige 
MacMahon, and informed him that the son of Richard 
MacGilla Riabadh did not keep that power for him, and 
Teige declared he would redeem the land from Dermot Oge 
for two marks, unless Dermot Oge would give five other 
marks for it, as he promised. And they covenanted with 
each other, and this is the covenant, viz. the said five 
marks to be given by Dermot Oge unto Teige for Crappoge, 
and if the land be not redeemed from Dermot Oge, every- 
thing that Dermot shall pay for the land to be as a pledge 
unto him for it, added to the said seven marks. Conor 
MacCunsidin wrote this by the consent of Dermot Oge, and 
of Dermot son of Conor, in presence of Teige MacMahon." 

No means exist of learning the derivation of the name 
of this parish. Its old church is totally ruined, the present 

1 This place is metioned by the 2 See Transactions of the Royal 

Four Masters, A.D. 1 575, under the Irish Academy, vol. xv, for the Irish 

name ofTuath-na-m-Builc. that is, the original, 
territory of the Ui Builc or O'Bolgs. 


Protestant place of worship being built on its site. A lar^e 
graveyard adjoins it. On a stone inserted into the wall is 
the following inscription : " Within this burial place lyes 
interred the body of George Ross, Esq., who was the 
founder thereof. He died the 19th of May 1700, in the 
79th year of his age. This monument was erected the same 
year by his kinsman, Mr. Robert Harrison." There is 
reason to believe that this parish was dedicated to a saint 
named Sgrevaun, but no allusion is made to him in the 
Irish Martyrologies. A little way from the church is a 
recess in a cliff beside the stream ; it is designated 
Sgrcvaun's bed. On the opposite side arc two wells, col- 
lectively called Tobar Sgrevain, at which patterns were 
held on the 10th of September. A small burial-ground for 
children exists at Gortygehecn, and another holy well and 
children's burfel-ground at Toberaviddaun. At Lisheen 
also is a small cemetery for children called Cill Aodha. 
According to the ancient territorial distribution of Thomond, 
the parish of Clondagad was situate in the district of Corca- 
baskin East, but since the settlement made by the English it 
has formed part of the barony of Islands. In 1580 the castle of 
Cragbrien in this parish, belonged to Conor MacGillareagh, 
now anglicised Gallery, 1 and that of Ballycorick, Beal-atha- 
an-comruith (the mo'Jith of the confluence of the waters) to 
Teige O'Brien, son of Conor, first Earl of Thomond, and 
ancestor of the O'Briens of Ballycorick. 

1 A.D. 1562. "MacGillaRiabhaigh Thomond had had in his time.' 

died, namely Rickard, the son of Conor, the son of Conor, son of 

Donn son of Conor, son of Thomas, Rickard, took his pl&ce.-Annals ot 

son of Donald It is said he was the the Four Masters. (This is the Conor 

best servant of trust that the Earl of above-named.) 



Pedigree of the different families of MacMahon of Clondera- 
law and Clenagh, taken from the following sources : — Keating's 
History of Ireland, Appendix; Annals of the Four Masters ; Rev. 
Mr. Shearman's Pedigree of Marshal MacMahon in Journal of 
Archceological Association of Ireland, vol. iv., 4th series, July, 
1878 ; the Clare Inquisitions ; Miss Hickson's Kerry Records, vol. 
i., p. 106; and from family papers in the possession of Mrs, Morgan 
John O'Connell, of Ballylean Lodge. 

MacMahon of Clonderalaw. 
Brian Boroimhe 



Murtagh More 

Mahone, a quo MacMahon 


Murtagh na Niongnadh (of the long nails) 

Donogh Carragh (wrinkled) 

(called Donogh an Chuil by 

the Four Mast, -f- 1383) 


Rory Buidhe. (Book of Lecan, p. 430) 









Turlogh Boclhar 
(the deaf -f 1426 
Four Mast.) 

Donogh na Glaice (six fingered) 

Teige More 

Teige Oge (Mac Firbis, p. 643) 

Turlogh (+ 14SS. Four Mast.) 

Teige Roe (+ 1513. Four Mast.) 

Murtagh (4- 1545. Four Mast.) 

Teige succeeded 156S 4" 1594- (Four Mast.) 

Turlogh Roe = Aine 

4- June 9th, 1629 (Clare \ dau. of Sir D L O'Brien of Ennistymon 
Imj. of7th_Aug. 163 0'. I 4- 1591- (Four Mast.) 


Teige, a quo 
MacMahon of 

3rian Ballach (?) 

Sir Teige, Bart, of Clonderalaw 
(Clare Inq. of 7th Aug. 1630.) 

Sir Turlogh (Kerry Records) 

Bryan of Derrycrossane. 

(Clan Inq. 7th Aug. 1 630) 

Teige (Kerry Records) 


MacMahon of Killadysert. 
(From the Four Masters, a.d. 15S9). 
Brian Ballach 
Teige an Duna (-J- 1589. Four Mast.) 


Mahone of Clcnagh in 1641 ? 
{Clare Inquisition 31st May, 1627). 

MacMahon of Knockalocha. 
(From the Four Mast, and Clare Inquisitions.) 



Murtagh Cam (+ 1599. Four Mast.) 
(According to Clare Inquisition of 
3rd April, 1626, he died on the 10th 
of January, 1593, leaving a son and 
heir Thomas.) 


Murtagh. {Inquisition.) 

... .„ MacMahon of Clenagh. 

Mahone of Clenagh in 1641. {Book of Forfeitures and Distributions.) 

Teige of Clenagh in 1671 was decreed an Innocent Papist. {Book of For- 
feitures, and Deed of Mortgage to Sam. Burton, 1671 ) Died in 1672. 
See Petition of Donagh of Clenagh, lodged in Court of Claims in 1700. 

Donagh of Clenagh, married in June 1697, to the Hon. Bridget Barmvall ; 
died in 1753. See Petition of this Donagh, lodged in Court of Claims ' 
in 1700. & to 
I . 

Terence, died in his father's life Henry, died in 1747. He lived 

time, leaving an only son. at Clenagh, and preserved 

_. J, the estate for his nephew 

Stanislaus + 1757. Stanislaus. 

I I 
Abbe Donogh died Jane = Coppinger of Barry's Court, 
s.n. nt Pans in 1 '- 

nen^l/^aW Wm- Coppinger of Elizabeth Coppinger =Tohn O'Con- 

that time Barry's Court + nell, of Grenagh, brother of the 

Ibb 3 s.p. Liberator. 

Morgan John O Connell. M.P.,=.-iS65 to Mary Anne, dau. of Charles Bianconi, 
Li.U ot Longfield. Mr. O'Conncll died in 1875, leaving John C. O'Connell. 
his only son, who now represents the MacMahons of Clenagh. 


topography of THOMOND — continued. 


ALL Irish genealogists and historians agree that the country 
of Corcabaskin derived its appellation from the descend- 
ants of Cairbre Baiscain, son of Conaire the Great, the 
1 22nd Monarch of Ireland, and brother of Cairbre Riada. 
For Core, when thus prefixed to the name or cognomen 
of an ancestor always signifies progeny, race, or offspring, 
and is nearly synoymous with clann, cinel, or sliocht. The 
race of Carbre Bascain inhabited the district, and were 

its chiefs till the twelfth century, when the offspring of 
Mahone O'Brien (hence called MacMahon), conquered 
them. West Corcabaskin was nearly identical, as to its 
boundaries, with the present barony of Moyarta, the 
difference being that the parish of Killard belonged to it in 
ancient times. The original chiefs of the district had the 
name of O'Donnell, but they, as here stated, sunk under 
the MacMahons, the descendants of Brian Boroimhe. They 
have however, retained some property in the district to this 
day and are far from being extinct. In the account of the 
county of Clare made out for Sir John Perrott, it is stated 
that Turlough M'Mahon was chief of the barony of Moyarta, 
and that he possessed four castles ; while Sir Daniel 
O'Brien, of Dough, was owner of two, and the Cahanes 1 of 
two others in that district. 

1 The O'Keanes of Leatha, now Abbots of Corcomroe. See Shane 

Gurtaclare, in the parish of Ought- O'Cahane's manuscript in the library 

mama, barony of Burren, were descen- of the Royal Irish Academy, Dublin. 

ded from Philip, a son of Covey na In Perron's account, compiled about 

Gall, of Oireacht Ui Cathain, in 15S0, Charles Keane, of Scattery 

Ulster, who removed to Thomond in Island, is described as a "courba" 

1398, having obtained lands from the (coerba, successor) of St. Senan. 



The great Saint Senanus of Scattery Island was a native 
of this country, being descended from Bole, the son of Dace 
who was baptized by St. Patrick, and the life of the saint 
throws much lighton the original topographyof Corcabaskin. 
It shows that the western point of the county of Clare, 
extending from Traigh-an-Iarla (recteTraigh an Earlamha) 
which is situate a short distance on the west of Kilrush, to 
Loophead, was originally called Iorras Iarthair that is, the 
Western Erris. This is the district now called the west par 
excellence by the people living along the banks at the Clare 
side of the Shannon. When St. Patrick was preaching to 
the Ui Figeinte, and baptizing them at Cnoc Phaudrig 
near Shanagolden, at the Limerick side of the Shannon, 
the Corcabascin, with their king Bole MacDcce, came 
to him in a fleet from the north across the Luim- 
neach 1 and entreated him to preach and to baptize 
them on that* day. The Saint requested them to wait 
till the next day, pleading fatigue as his excuse. Being 
still pressed by them, he ascended his chariot so that 
all might see him and hear his voice, and he preached to 
the multitude and baptized them in a neighbouring river. 
They further begged that the holy man should cross ovei 
into the territory to bless and baptize their wives and 
children, but he declined alleging sufficient reasons for his 
refusal. He, however, blessed the country, and leit to 
Corcabascin the " gift of fleets.''- 

The following extracts, relating to this district, taken 
from the Annals of the Four Masters, will show when the 
O'Donnells ceased to have sway in it, and when the Mac- 
Mahons succeeded them : 

A.M. 3790. The battle of Slieve Cailge (now the high 
grounds of Moveen), against the Maratine in the country 
of the Corcabascin, gained by Aengus Olmuchaid, sovereign 
of Ireland. 

1 The ancient name of the tidal part William O'Deoran, and translated l>y 

of the Shannon was the Luimneach. Colgan in Acta Sanctorum HibcvniiC 

- Irish Life of St. Sawn, written by See also LifcofSt.Sendn in that work. 


A.D. 165. In this year was killed Conaire Mor, king of 
Ireland, from whose son Cairbre Baschain, the Baisgnigh 
in Corcabaskin are descended and named. 

A.D. 717. Abattlewas fought between the Connaught men 
and the Corcabaskins, in which MacTolamnaigh was slain. 

A.D. 807. Aodh Roin, Lord of Corcabscin, died. 

A.D. 862. Cermad son of Cathernac, chief of Corcabas- 
kin, was killed by the Danes. 

A.D. 913. Lena the son of Cathernac, Lord of Corca- 
bascin, died. 

A.D. 918. Murchad the son ofFlann, Lord of Corcabas- 
kin, died. 

A.D. 992. Dunnadach, sonof Diarmid, Lord of Corcabas- 
kin, died 

A.D. 1013. Donnell, son of Diarmid, Lord of Corcabas- 
kin, was slain in the battle of Clontarf. 1 

A.D. 1049. Ainaeslis, 2 son of Donnell, Lord of Corca- 
baskin, was killed by Assidh son of Donnell, i.e., by the 
son of his own brother. 

a.d. 1054. A predatory excursion by Hugh O'Connor, 
king of Connaught, into Corcabaskin and Tradraighe, in 
which he took a great prey. 

A.D. 1 1 58. O'Donnell, Lord of Corcabaskin, was slain 
by O'Conor of Corcomroe. 

A.D. 1359. Morogh Oge MacMahon, heir apparent to the 
lordship of Corcabaskin, was slain by the O'Briens. 

A.D. 13S3. Donogh-an-chuil (of the neck) MacMahon, 
Lord of Corcabaskin, died. 

A.D. 1399. Conor MacCormaic, Bishop of Raphoe, one 
of the O'Donnells of Corcabaskin, died. 

A.D. 1426. Turlogh MacMahon (Bodhar the deaf), Lord 
of Corcabaskin, was killed at an advanced a^c, in a 
nocturnal attack, and burned by his own kinsmen. 

1 This Donnell was the progenitor - From Aoedh, another brother of 

of the O'Donnells of West Curcabas- this Ainasslis, are descended the family 
•k»>- of the O'Donnells. 


A.D. 1432. Teige MacMahon, heir apparent to the lord- 
ship of Corcabaskin, died. 

A.D. 1460. Donnell the son of Dermot O'Mailly, 
William O'Mailly, and John O'Mailly went upon a naval 
expedition with the sons of O'Brien to Corcabaskin against 
MacMahon, but the O'Maillys were slain before they could 
reach their ships ; Donald O'Brien was taken prisoner, 
and Mahone O'Brien drowned as they were on their way 
to their vessel. 

A.D. 1488. Turlogh son of Teige MacMahon, a man full 
of grace and wisdom, died. 

A.D. 1488. Donogh MacMahon, Lord of Corcabaskin 
died, and two MacMahons were established in his place, 
viz. Brian his own son, and Teige Roe the son of Turlogh 
MacMahon. (This appears to be the date of the division 
of Corcabaskfn into two parts, viz. East and West.) 

A.D. 1595. Turlogh son of Brian, son of Donogh, son 
of Donogh Baccach (the lame), Lord of West Corcabaskin, 
a man of great fame and character throughout Ireland, if 
we consider the smallness of his patrimony, for he had 
but one cantred (Triocha Ced) died, and his son Teige 
Caoch assumed his place. 

A.D. 1598. Teige Caoch MacMahon took an English 
ship which had been going astray for some time. She put 
in at a harbour in Western Corcabaskin, near Carraig an 
Chobhlaigh (Carrigaholt). 

A.D. 1600. O'Donnell of Ulster being on a plundering 
expedition in Thomond, encamped on the banks of the 
Fergus. Thence he expedites plundering parties who 
ravage the country extending from Craig-ui-Chiard- 
hubhain (Craggykirrivan, near Clare Castle), in the lower 
part of the frontiers of the territory of the Islands to 
Cathair Murchadha (Cahermurphy) in West Corcabaskin. 
A.D. 1602. Teige Caoch MacMahon was accidentally 


slain by his own son at Beare. 1 This Teige had been Lord 
of West Corcabaskin, but was banished from his patrimony 
three years before by the Earl of Thomond. 


In the Irish Calendar of the Four Masters 2 the name of 
this parish is written Cilt Tloir* under the 2Sth of January, 
and the church is placed in the Termon of Iniscathy. The 
word " Ross " here means wood, without question. Nothing 
remarkable is found as having belonged to the old church of 
Kilrush. In the townland of Breaghva, in the parish, is a 
burial place called Kilkeevan, in which there anciently stood 
a little church dedicated to St. Caomhan of the great island 
of Arran, but no vestige of it now remains. A little way 
on the east side of Kilrush stood a church, shown on the 
Down survey and called Kilcarroll, with a holy well 
adjoining dedicated to Cearbhall. Who this saint was 
cannot be discovered, no such name appearing in the 
Irish Calendars. At Moylougha, about four miles from 
Kilrush, are two old churches dedicated to St. Senan, the 
one a small Damliag, and the other an oratory of remark- 
ably small dimensions, called Seipeal-beg-Senain. Moy- 
lougha was the birthplace of that holy man. The exten- 
sive burial ground of Shankill, near Kilrush, contains 
the remains of a church. 

■ INISCATHY. {Scattcry Island) 

In this parish is included the island of Iniscathy, cele- 
brated for the number of its churches erected in honour of St. 
Senan and of other saints, as well as for its beautiful round 

1 By Inquisition taken on 22nd Clare Inquisitions, Irish Record 

July. 160S, it -was round that Teige Office, Dublin. 

Caoch, late of Carrigaholt, joined by - Otherwise called The Martyrolo n y 

his son Turlogh, rebelled again.-t of Denial. "Jan. 28. Accobhran 

Queen Elizabeth in 1 599 ; that of Cill Ruis in the Termon of Inis 

they were outlawed ; and that Teige Cathaigh." " Under the same date in 

was killed at Dunboy, mar lk-re- the same book is this entry, "Meallan 

haven, on the 15t.l1 June, 1002. of Cill Ruis." 


P§Kf<> fir 

«n| huh ■•; ■ sfipte 


4 Q 


tower. It is situate in the Shannon, about two miles from 
the shore, near Kilrush. The island was selected by St. 
Senan for his principal place of residence, and for several 
centuries it continued to be a seat of religion. When 
Iniscathy was originally created a diocese it embraced in 
its episcopal jurisdiction the existing baronies of Moyarta 
and Clonderalaw in Thomond ; the barony of Connello, in 
Limerick ; and that part of Kerry bordering on the Shannon 
from the Feal to the Atlantic. In t iSS, the diocese was 
divided between those of Limerick, Killaloe, and Ardfcrt, 
the island itself being united to the See of Killaloe. 1 
St. Senan was born at Mollougha, near Kilrush, about the 
year 488. His family was noble, his father being Ercan, 
descended from Conaire L, monarch of Ireland. St. Patrick 
being at Cruach Phaudrig on the Limerick side of the Shan- 
non in 488, is said to have foretold his birth and future 
greatness. After leaving St. Nal's monastery he is reported 
to have visited Tours. Rome, etc., and on his way home to 
have spent some time with St. David, bishop of Menevia, 
in Wales. The first religious establishment founded by 
him was at Iniscarra, five miles from the city of Cork. 
Leaving eight of his disciples at that place, he departed for 
Inisluinge, and there erected a church and gave the 
veil to some daughters of Brendan, ruler of Ui Figinte 
(Kenry barony). Then, setting out by water for Inis- 
more (Deer Island), in the river Fergus, he was driven by 
adverse winds to an island called Inistuaiscert, now be- 
lieved to be Low Island, in the same river. There he founded 
a church. Departing from that place he reached Inismore, 
and there established a monastery. Quitting that locality, 
he proceeded to Mutton Island (Iniscaorach), in the 
Atlantic, near Miltown Malbay, and upon it built an oratory, 
some remains of which still exist. Finally, about the year 
540, he is found settled at Iniscathy and establishing 

1 See Rev. Silvester Malone's article in the Kilkenny Archaeological Journal* 
vol. iii., 4th series, page 106. 


there a religious house, one of the rules of which was. that 
no woman should set foot upon the island. He died in 
544, and was buried in his abbey church, where a fine monu- 
ment was erected to his memory. 1 His festival is observed 
on the ist and 8th of March. 2 His bell is described by St. 
Odran in his Irish Life of St. Senan. 3 It properly belonged 
to the ancient church called Ceill Senain situate in the 
townland of Fuidismaigh, at the north-west of the town of 
Kilrush. It was anciently known as Clog-na-neal, because 
it was supposed to have descended from the clouds, but 
subsequently it was called Clog-an-oir, because of its re- 
semblance to gold in its colour. For centuries it was 
preserved in the west of Clare, and it is now in the posses- 
sion of Mr. Marcus Keane of Beechpark, near Ennis. The 
old life, written by St. Odran, refers to the round tower of 
Scattery Island in such terms as leaves no doubt of its 
origin and use. It is to be regretted that the passage 
did not meet the eye of Dr. Petrie, as it would tend to 
sustain his views as to the uses made of the Irish round 
towers. It is as follows, as translated by Professor 
O'Looney, in a note at foot of the article Iniscathy, in 
Archdall's Monasticon Hibemicum : 4 " St. Senan built seven 
churches or religious houses in Iniscathy. He had sixty 
friars in one church, and thirty priests together with seven 
bishops in another. He also erected a clogas (belfry) in 
Iniscathy, which was one hundred and fifteen feet high, 
and a bell being placed in it near the top, its sound was 
heard over all Corcabaskin, so that sacrifice could be made 
in every church of that territory at the very time when 
Senan and his disciples were engaged in offering it at 
Iniscathy." St. Odran was the immediate successor of St. 
Senan 5 in the office of bishop. 

1 Acta Sanctorum Hibcrnuv, p. 540, :; Odran's Life, cap. 5. 

&c. Lanigan's Ecclesiastical History * Professor O'Loony's note is dis- 

of Ireland, vol. ii.. p. 2-7. O'iial- tinguished for his usual erudition. 

lonin, vol. ii., p. 44. All that is written above concerning • 

- Martyrology of Donegal, March St. Senan's bell i^ taken from it. 

ist. ° Archdall, vol. i., p. Si. 



Many references are made by the ancient Annalists to 
Iniscathy, which we here give as follows : 

A.D. 538. St. Kieran, called the son of the carpenter, 
having left the islands of Arran, came hither, and was made 
providore for the strangers by St. Senan. 1 

A.D. 580. St. Odran, bishop and immediate successor of 
St. Senan, flourished about this time. 

A.D. 651. Aedhan, who was bishop of Iniscathy, died 
on the 31st of August of this year. 2 

A.D. 792. Olchabhar, son of Flann, Airchcanach of the 
Abbey of Iniscathy, died. His feast was celebrated on the 
27th of October. 3 

A.D, 816. The Danes plundered the Island this year, put 
the monks to the sword, and defaced the monument of the 
saint. 4 

A.D. 835. Again they sailed up the Shannon this year, 
and destroyed the Monastery. 5 

A.D. 861. The abbbt Aidan died. 

A.D. 908. Cormac MacCuillenain, Archbishop of Cashel 
and King of Munster, was slain in battle at Magh Ailbhe 
near Leighlin. Flaithbeartach Maclonmuinein, his relative, 
was then abbot of Iniscathy, and was the great fomenter 
of the war. He commanded personally in the battle. In 
his will Cormac bequeathed to this Abbey three' ounces of 
gold, and to the Abbot his choicest sacred vestments. 
The Abbot, on account of his scandalous conduct, was 
closely imprisoned for two years, and then ordered to submit 
to a severe penance in his Monastery. Afterwards he so 
far recovered his influence that on the death of Lachtna, 
who had succeeded Cormac, he was elected to fill the 
throne of Munster, and continued to reign till his death in 
944- 7 

I r*her. 5 md , 59# 

- Martynlcgy of Donegal. 6 Act. S. S., p. 542.— Four Mast. 

'' -■{'/■ ■£• S-, P- 542. 7 Keating, History, Look II. p 69. 

•qllallonui, History of Ireland, Ware, Bishops. 
vol. ii., p. 156. 


A.D. 950. About this time the Danes made the Island a 
stronghold. 1 

A.D. 963. Gebhennach, son of Cathal, Abbot of Inis- 
cathy, died. 2 

A.D. 974. Iniscathy was plundered by Maghnus, son of 
Aralt (Harold); and Imhar, Lord of the Danes of Limerick, 
was carried off from the island, and the honour due to St. 
Senan violated thereby. 3 

A.D. 977. Noemhan, of Iniscathy, died. In this year 
the island was visited by Brian Boroimhe. He seized every 
thing possessed by the Danes there, as well as in the other 
islands of the lower Shannon and Fergus. He slew eight 
hundred of the foreigners, and took prisoner their chief* 
Imhar, with his two sons, Amlaff and Duvchunn. 4 Among 
the slain were Maghnus and his two sons. 5 

A.D. 994. Colla, Abbot and doctor of Iniscathy, died. 

A.D. 1050. Ui Schula, Aircheanach of this Abbey, died. 

A.D. 1057. The Danes of Dublin plundered the Island, 
but they were defeated by Donogh, son of Brian Boroimhe. 7 

A.D. 108 1. The Abbot O'Burgus died. s 

A.D. 1 1 19. Dermot O'Leanain, Coarb of St. Senan at 
Iniscathy, a penitential sage, died. 9 

A.D. 1 176. The Abbey was again plundered by the 
Danes of Limerick. 10 

A.D. 1 179. William Hoel, an English knight, wasted 
the Island, not even sparing the churches. 11 

A.D. 118S. Aodh O'Bcachain, Bishop of Iniscathy, died. 
Richard de Loudon was guardian of the abbey after this 
time; 12 and in 1290 and 1295 Thomas de Chapelin was 
guardian after Richard. 

1 Ann. Inisf alien. He is called Ua Bruic by the Four 

- Four Masters. Masters. 

3 Ann. Four Masters. ,J Ann. Four Masters. 

4 Idem., and Ann. Inisf alien. ] " Ann. In is fallen. 

3 Act. S. S„ p. 542. n Act. S. S., p. 542. 

6 Four Masters. 1 - Ibid. A'iiig, Churches of Ireland, 

7 Idem. Ann. Minister, a MS. in the Library of the Royal 

8 Acta Sanctorum HibernitZ, 542. Society, Dublin, p. 244. 


A.D. 1445. Conor, the son of O'Conor Kerry, was slain 
by his kinsman Mahone O'Connor, as both were going, in a 
boat to the island of Iniscathy. 1 

A.D. 1578. April 24, 20th of Queen Elizabeth. This 
abbey, with the church yard, 24 acres of land, a house, a 
castle built of stone, and three cottages on the island, and 
the several customs following : — from every boat of oysters 
coming to the city of Limerick once a year, 1,000 oysters ; 
and from every herring-boat 500 herrings once a year. Also 
10 cottages, one church in ruins, 20 acres of wood and stony 
ground in the said island called Bcachwood, with all the 
tithes, etc., were granted to the Mayor and citizens of 
Limerick and their successors for ever, in free soccage, not 
in capite, at the annual rent of ,£3 12s. Sd.' 2 

A.D. 1 58 1. The Coarb of St. Senan, i.e. Calvagh, the son 
of Siacus, son of Siacus MacCahanc, died. 

A.D. 1581. A barbarous and cruel act was committed 
by MacMahon of East Corcobaskin, on the island. 3 

A.D. 1583. The Lady Honora (O'Brien), wife of O'Connor 
Kerry, was buried on the island. 4 

A.D. 1 591. The Lady Margaret, sister of Lady Honora, 
and wife of MacMahon, died at Kilmacduane, and was in- 
terred on the Island. 5 

A short way to the east side of the round tower stands 
the Damhliag or cathedral. Part of the building, as it ex- 
isted about the time of the founder, remains. Its door on the 
west end and a small portion of the wall appear to be the 
only parts of it which shows signs of great antiquity. The 
door is an excellent specimen of the Cyclopean style of 
masonry, and tapers a little on the jambs, as is usual in 
early Christian architecture. For ten feet from the ground 
the western wall likewise appears to be part of the building 
as originally constructed, but thence upwards the work is 

* Four Masters. s Ann. Four Masters. Also see 

-Inquisitions ; Clare ; Record page 66 ante of this work. 
Oflice, Dublin. * Four Masters. 5 Idem. 


of comparatively recent masonry. Several of the other 
churches on the island show that they were repaired by 
building upon the lower parts of the walls of the primitive 
erections. About three hundred yards to the south-west of 
the round tower is a hill called Ard-na-nangeal, that is the 
Hill of the Angels, upon which a ruined church stands, 
called after the name of the hill. A little farther still' 
towards the south is Teampull-na-marbh, so designated 
because it is the only burial place on the island, but this 
could not have been the original name of the church. The 
remains of a castle, consisting of the vaults only, are 
seen on Scattery Island. In 15S0 it was the property of 
Charles Cahane (Keane), Coarb of St. Senan. The date of 
its erection is ascertained from an Inquisition held in the 
1 8th year of the reign of Elizabeth, which states that the 
Coarb "hath in his possession a new castle partly builded, 
a small stone house, and three cottages : annual value, 
10s. 8d." A little on the west side of the southern point of 
the island called Rinn Eanaigh, is found a flag, said to be 
that on which St. Conaire sailed over from Kerry in her 
unsuccessful attempt to land upon Iniscathy. In the field 
at the west side of the Damliag is a flag with an 
ancient cross inscribed, and the following epitaph : " OR 
for Moinach : Pray for Moenach, tutor of Mogron.) 1 

An Inquisition taken on the 27th of October 1604, 
sets forth that Senan M'Girrigine, formerly bishop of 
Iniscathy, was seized in fee of sixteen quarters of land, 
three of these lying in Killtylline, in the barony of Clon- 
deralaw ; three in Bcallantallinge, in the barony of Moyarta ; 
four called Kilrush ; one named Kilnagalleagh and Moy- 
asta, in Kilfearagh parish ; and another called Kilcredaun. 
These sixteen quarters were called Termon Senain, and 
were enjoyed by the successive bishops and canons of 

1 See Christian Inscriptions in the Irish Language, by George Petrie and by 
Miss Stokes, vol. ii. p. 26. 


Iniscathy while in the service of God and in the administra- 
tion of holy things. The Inquisition goes on to say 
that Maurice, then bishop of Killaloe, with the assent of his 
dean and chapter, granted by deed to John O'Gegynn, of 
Beallatallinge, the said three quarters in Beallatallinge, for 
sixty years ; that with the like assent, he granted by deed 
for one hundred years, to Teige MacGilscnan, the three 
quarters called Kiltelan, the said Teige being then Prior of 
Iniscathy. The Bishop further granted to Nicholas Cahane 
(Keane), the four quarters of Kilrush, the said Nicholas 
being called, as were his ancestors, Coarbs of Termon 
Senain, that is overseers and keepers of the four quarters 
of Kilrush. The said lands were forfeited to the king as 
having been granted in mortmain without licence. 1 

The Castle of Ballyket, which in 1580 belonged to 
James Cahane (Keane), was situated in the - parish of 

The following mortgage of lands refers to a place in 
this parish : 

" Mortgage of Land!' 

"AMEN. — This is the Mortgage due to Conor Oge 
O'Hurly upon Carrowncalla, viz. forty cows, that is to 
say, seven in calf cows, and every cow thereof valued at 
three shillings ; and the rest of the cows barren. The 
said Conor came by the said land thus, viz. by rapine, 2 
and Conor paid eighteen cows for said land, i.e. sixteen 
cows for Gallowglasses, and a noble 3 for Brehon's judg- 
ment of the said rapine ; and the said eighteen cows arc 
without any use accruing thereout unto the said Conor 
upon the said land ; and the witnesses present at the 
said bargain arc Slany ny Bryen, Fynnolc ny MacGorman, 
Conor O'Arny, and Senaun O'Leadon. None shall have 

* Inquisitions. Clare. 3 A rose noble was half a mark, viz., 

- That is an Eric by order of a six shillings and eightpence. 


power to redeem the said land from Conor unless Murrogh 
or his son redeem the same." 

The following is an abstract of a translation by 
O'Donovan of an Ancient Irish Deed, now in the Library 
of the Royal Irish Acadamy, which relates to the lands of 
Mullougha in this parish. It is a grant of the western 
moiety of these lands by Turlogh, son of Teige MacMahon, 
alias Turlogh Roe, of Cluain-adir-da-la (Clonderalaw), 
Gentleman, for a term of twenty-one years, to John 
Gilsinan (spelt Gilinain), son of Teige of Cilltilang, the term 
to commence from the first of November, 1611. After the 
twenty-one years Turlogh can get back the possession of 
the lands by paying to John the sum of Ten pounds of 
coined English money of " good metal and of pure silver.' 
The lands are bounded on the west by Bailemic-Droighnein 
(Ballymacrinnan) ; on the east by the other moiety of 
Mollougha ; on the north by Kilcarroll ; and on the south 
by Doon-na-gcorrog : Turlogh names as his Bailiff to 
give John possession, Criomthan MacCurtin. He promises 
to protect John in his occupancy, and to make any further 
deed which might, in accordance with English law, be 
required for the secure enjoyment of the property demised. 
It is dated at Clonderalaw, the 19th of July, 161 1. 

John Gilinain (in English letters.) 
Witnessed by BRYNE MACMAHON. 

C 11 r 1 stop. Curtvn. 


Unless the entry in the Martyrology of Donegal at the 
14th of March refers to the patron of this parish, we have 
no other means of knowing who he was. It is in these 
words — " Flannan of Cill-ard." The name of the church 
signifies the church on the hill, and a holy well adjoining 
has the name of Tubar-Cruithnoir-an-domhain, i.e. the 


well of the Creator of the world. No patron samt of trie 
parish is remembered. The church is much injured by 
time; the graveyard annexed to it is used as a burial 
ground. Another greatly frequented graveyard in this 
parish is that of St. Senrin, called Kiltcnain. A small 
place of sepulture, forming part of the townland of Cloon- 
more, is called Cill-na-cloch:in. A holy well dedicated to 
St. Brendan is seen in the townland of Cloonagarnaun. 
The castles of Doonmorc and Doonbeg, standing within a 
mile of each other in this parish belonged in 1580 to Sir 
Daniel O'Brien, of Dough. In the ancient territorial 
divisions of Thomond the parish of Killard belonged to 
Corcobaskin West ; under the English settlement, and 
ever since, it has formed part of the barony of Ibrickan. 
The following ancient Deed relates to lands in this 
parish : 

" Conveyance of Land." 

" Be it known to all who shall read and hear this writing, 
that I, Edmond Roe, son of Gilla Duv MacSweeney, of 
Kilkee, in the county of Clare gentleman, in consideration 
of a certain sum of money which I have received from my 
honorable lord the Earl of Thomond on the day of writing 
this deed, and for many other good and lawful causes, do 
give up my own right and title in the Rath, i.e. the half 
quarter of the townland of Doonbeg, which mears by the 
pool of Gaithboy on the south, and by lake Morgaige on 
the north, by the foot of Creeduff at the entrance of Island 
Mac Ulga on the east, and by Caman-na-feamny on the 
west, to said Earl. I, the said Edmond, do constitute 
Nicholas Cumin my attorney, to deliver possession of said 
land to the Earl." 

Edmond x MacSweeney. 
Being present, mark 

Teige MacBrody. 
Pinvp Pacu.uic. (Witness Patrick) 


Of the various saints of the name of Fiachrach, or 
Fiachra, mentioned in the Irish calendars, it is impossible to 
name the particular one after whom this parish is desig- 
nated. No holy well or patron day indicates the man ; 
his church is level with the ground, but a large 
burying-ground identifies the place where it stood. Another 
graveyard now deserted, stands on the townland of Kil- 
dimo, dedicated to St. Dioma, but to which of the saints 
so called cannot be decided. A third burial place is found 
in the townland of Bawnmore namely, that called Cill-na- 
mban-ortha that is, the church of the pious women, and in the 
immediate vicinity is a well of the same name. At Kilkee is 
the site of a little burying-ground, from which that town has 
its name, and about two miles away, on the verge of the cliff, 
opposite Bishops Island, is a holy well dedicated to St. 
Caoidhe. In the town itself is a fine spring, which supplies the 
inhabitants with water, and is dedicated to St. Senan. 
As regards the Bishop's Island above mentioned, no 
authentic history exists to throw light upon its name, but the 
purposes for which two little buildings now standing upon 
it were erected can be easily explained. They consist of 
an oratory and cell, both belonging to the very earliest 
ages of Christianity in Ireland. On the townland of 
Killnagalliagh in this parish, once stood a church called 
the Church of the Nuns, but no trace of it now remains. It 
was founded by St. Senan. Two burial-places for children 
are noticed in the parish, namely, Farrihy and Emlagh. 

Magh Fearta, the Plain of the Graves, is the name of 
this parish as originally spelled. No ancient church existed 
in the crowded graveyard of Moyarta. In the townland of 
Kilcredaun are found the remains of two churches, the more 
northern being called Teampul Shcarlais, from the circum- 
stance that Charles MacDonnell cf Kilkee was buried 
there. The other, named Teampul-an-aird, has no burial 


ground attached. A holy well, called Tobar Cradaun Is 
observed not far off, with its waters issuing from the face of 
the cliff. It is covered by the tide at high water. It 
cannot be satisfactorily ascertained who the saint was to 
whom it is dedicated, but in the Life of Senan reference is 
made to a St. Caritan. That certainly was the person, for in 
Killinny is a graveyard with the same name, and another 
in Kilcasheen. The townland of Lishecncrony contains 
the remains of the church of Kilcrony, with its graveyard 
and holy well. Among several virgin saints of the name of 
Croine it is impossible to discover the particular one whom 
the church of this place commemorates. In the list of 1580 
four castles are named for Moyarta parish, all of them belong- 
ing to Turlogh MacMahon. 1. Carrigaholt, the chief residence 
of the MacMahons Lords of West Corcabaskin, beauti- 
fully situated on the bay of that name. 2. Dunlicky. 3. 
Moyarta now utterly demolished. 4. Knocknagarhoon 
also level with the ground. 

No patron saint of this parish is remembered. It takes its 
name from the site of the church standing in the townland of 
that name. The building is in good preservation. Another 
ruined church is in the parish, that of Ross, called the 
" Church of the Nine Saints." At a little distance is what 
is called by the people the grave of the nine saints. Two 
graveyards, not much used, exist in the parish, one at 
Kilbaha, and the other at Kilcloher. The well-known head- 
land of Loop Head belongs to Kiballyowen. Its name is 
derived from a story of Cuchullaun, the chief of the Red 
Branch Knights of Ulster, who, at one time, had 
a mistress whom he wished to abandon. He fled from her 
in the night, and came all the way to this promontory. 
On looking round, he saw her coming towards him, 
and he jumped from the mainland to the little island 
adjoining, a distance of fifty-two feet. Thence the place 
was designated Lcam Cuchullain, Learn Chonn, Leap Head, 


and finally corrupted into Loop Head. Nearer by a mile 
than Loop Head are the remains of two ancient cahers 
called Cahercrochan and Cahersall built of stones, and 
a lios named Dun Daithlionn, of earth. Two holy wells 
exist in the parish, Tobar Cuain at Kiltrellig, and Tobar 
Senan at Kilcloher. The site of the ruined castle of 
Cloghaunsavaun, belonging in 1580 to Turlogh MacMahon 
of Carrigaholt, is situate in this parish. 

No information exists as to the history of the patron 
of this parish. His name, Mac an Dubhain, the son of 
Duvan, is mentioned in an old Life of St. Senan, 
and it is likewise stated there that his church was sub- 
ordinate to that of Inniscathy. It is much injured by 
time. At a little distance is a holy well named after 
Mac-an-Dubhain. At Ballynagun is another spring dedi- 
cated to St. Margaret, and at Kilmacduane is a third in 
honour of the Blessed Virgin. At all three of these, devotions 
are still performed. A fourth well is found at Carrow, 
called Tobar Senain, and a fifth at Drumellihy (Westby), 
the last-named of which is under the invocation of the 
Blessed Virgin Mary. 

Donogh + 14SS. {Four Mast.) 



Murrogh Caech 

Donagh Baccagh 

Brian = Slainc O Brien, sister of Morrogh the 

I Tanist + 157S. (Four Mast.) 

Turlogh + 1 ^95. [Four Mast.) 

Teige Caech, accidentally killed by his son in 

I 1601. (Four Mast.) 

Turlogh, outlawed 1601. 





WHEN the district of Corcomroc had been divided into 
two parts between the rival chiefs, O'Conor and O'Loghlen, 
the Eastern division obtained the name of Burren, and 
O'Loghlen who, previously to the fourteenth century had 
been styled Chief of Corcomroe, was thenceforth called 
Lord of Burren. O'Conor, who seems to be the senior 
of all the sept called Modruadh, retained the original name 
of the tribe for his sub-division of the territory. The 
extent of West Corcomroe is preserved in the modern 
barony of Corcomroe, that of East Corcomroe being in- 
cluded in the present barony of Burren. O'Loghlen 
retained all his portion of Corcomroe, i.e., Burren, till the 
time of Cromwell ; but O'Conor's inheritance, owing to the 
internecine feuds of that family, and to their contests 
between brother and brother, and between nephew and 
uncle, to decide the supremacy, passed away to O'Brien as 
the lord paramount. During these struggles nearly every 
member of the family of O'Conor who could aspire to the 
chieftancy was cut off, and after the year 1 564 1 the name 
ceases to be mentioned by the annalists of Ireland. 

In the Annals of the Four Masters the following refer- 
ences are made to West Corcomroe : — 

A.D. 1002. Conor, son of Maelseachlin, Lord of Cor- 
comroe, was killed by the men of Umallia. 2 

"A.r>. 1564. Corcomroe, with its of peace in the winter of this year." — 

rents and customary services and ac- Annals of the Four Masters. 
quirements of land, with its church - The family of O'Conor of Cor- 

li\ ings, were given to Donell O'Brien comroe derived their name from this 

as a compensation for the Lordship progenitor. 
of Thomond, and for his observance 


A.D. 1027. Donogh, the son of Brian Boroimhe, marched 
with an army into Ossory, where his people were defeated, 
and Maelseachlin, son of Conor, Lord of Corcomroe, was 

A.D. 1 104. Conor, son of Maelseachlin, Lord of Cor- 
comroe, died. 

A.D. 1 1 13. Maelseachlin O'Conor, Lord of Corcomroe, 

A.D. 1 128. Finguirt, Confessor (Anmchara), of Corcom- 
roe, died. 1 

A.D. 1 135. Hugh O'Conor, Lord of Corcomroe, and 
Cumara MacNamara, son of Daniel, Lord of Ui Caisin 
were killed in the heat of battle by the men of Desmond. 

A.D. 1 168. Conor Lethderg, the son of Maelseachlin 
O'Conor, Lord of Corcomroe, was killed by his brother's 


A.D. 1 171. The men of Iar Connaught and a party of 
Shiolmury set out on a predatory excursion, plundered 
West Corcomroe, and carried of a countless number of 

A.D. 1 175. The son of Conor Lethderg O'Conor Cor- 
comroe was slain by Donald O'Brien. 

A.D. 1300. Congalach O'Loghlen, Bishop of Corcomroe 
(Kilfenora), a man of erudition and hospitality, died. 

A.D. 1365. Felim the Hospitable, son of Donald O'Conor, 
Lord of Corcomroe, illustrious for hospitality and military 
exercises, died. 2 

A.D. 1422. Rory, the son of Conor O'Conor, Lord of 
Corcomroe, was slain in his residence, at Dough Castle, by 
his own kinsmen, the sons of Felim O'Conor. 

A.D. 143 1. Murtagh O'Conor, of Corcomroe, was slain 
by the sons of his own brother. 

A.D. 1471. Conor, son of Brian Oge O'Conor, of Cor- 

1 The two Corcomroes and the dio- - It was by the hand of this Felim 

cc^e of Kilfenora are conterminous. that the son of De Clare fell in i^iS 

and this "anmchara'' lived in the at the battle of Dysert O'Dca. 

cathedral town of Kilfenora. 



comroe, was slain at Lahinch by the sons of Donogh 
O'Conor, his brother. 

A.D. 1482. Donald, son of Rory O'Conor, Lord of Cor- 
comroe, died, and his brother Dermot assumed his place. 

AD. 1482. Felim, son of Felim O'Conor, of Corcomroe, 
was treacherously slain by the sons of Conor O'Conor. 

A.D. 1485. O'Conor of Corcomroe died. 

A.D. 1490. Con, son of Donald O'Conor, of Corcomroe 
Ninais, was slain by Cathal, son of Conor O'Conor. 

A.D. 1490. Joan, daughter of Murrogh, son of Tiege 
Glae, and wife of Donald MacGorman, died. 1 

A.D. 1564. The territory of West Corcomroe was granted 
to Donald O'Brien. 

A.D. 1585. The revenues and mansion of West Cor- 
comroe were granted to Turlogh, son of Donald, the 
son of Conor O'Brien. 

In the townland of Ballydeely, parish of Kilshanny, 
stands an enormous heap of stones called Cam Con- 
nachtach. Its proper name is Cam Mac Tail, because 
it was the burial place of MacTail, son of Broc, chief of 
Corcomroe, an ancestor of the O'Conors and O'Loghlens. 
It is of conical shape, measuring in perpendicular height 
twenty-five feet, and its diameter at the base is three 
hundred feet. There is some reason to believe that 
it was the place of inauguration of the chieftains of Cor- 
comroe before that district was divided into two little 

One part of the barony of Corcomroe was called Tuath 
Glae, an area conterminous with the present parish of 
Killilagh. It was possessed for some time 2 by a distinct 
branch of the O'Briens, called Glae, after the name of their 
lands. It was also the home of a family distinguished in 
the annals of Ireland for their accomplishments as lawyers 
and teachers of law. I allude to the MacClancys, whose 

Tci^e Glae took his name from - Circiter 1460— 1500. 

Tuath Glae. 


seat was at Cahir mac Clancy, and whose school was at 
Knockfinn, where the present Catholic church of Tuath Glae 
stands. The MacClancys were hereditary Brehons of 
Thomond. The instances are not few in which they 
took part in the public affairs of their country, as appears 
by the fact that various treaties between its chieftains and 
many agreements between private individuals, were drawn 
up and signed as witnesses by members of their family. 
It would seem that an almost essential thing required to 
constitute the validity of a legal instrument in Thomond 
was the signature of a MacClancy. A large part of the 
modern parish of Killilagh constituted their patrimony, 
and these lands, amongst the most fertile in Ireland, were 
held free from any rent or imposition by virtue of their 
office of chief judges. Such is the inference to be deduced 
from a perusal of the rental of O'Brien, where their 
demesne is exempted from all taxation. The number of 
scholars who frequented the great school of Knockfinn 
appears to have been very large, and its renown was 
general throughout Ireland. For centuries it held its ground 
as a place of learning, and its owners were honoured 
and prosperous. But a change came towards the end of 
the sixteenth century. Boetius Clancy, the then repre- 
sentative of the family, forsook his faith and gave his 
adherence to the English. He was rewarded by his new 
masters with the office of sheriff of the newly-constituted 
county of Clare. It is a tradition amongst the peasantry 
of the neighbourhood that one of the ships of the Spanish 
Armada was cast ashore near Ballaghaline, and wrecked. 1 
Most of the crew were drowned, and the survivors were 
brought before the sheriff and ordered by him to be 
hanged. A few years afterwards, when peace was restored 
between England and Spain, a requisition was made to the 

out of which there were drowned 700 
men, and about 170 taken piisoner.s. 
— Harleicin Mi&cdlany, vol. i., p_ 

1 On the icth of Se 

Eeml er, 15SS 

the Vice-President 01 

Munsler re- 

ceived advice that tv 

yreat ship* 

were lost on the coa^i 

ui 1 Lomond, 


English Government for permission to exhume the body of 
the son of one of the first grandees of Spain who was on 
board the lost ship, and transport it for burial to his native 
country. The required consent was given, but when the 
Spaniards came to fetch away the remains of their country- 
man they could not be found, owing to the circumstance 
that all the bodies had been buried in one pit by order of 
MacClancy. He was severely brought to task for his pre- 
sumption in arrogating to himself the power of life and 
death against enemies taken in war, and also for inhu- 
manity in his subsequent treatment of them. At this day 
the place called Knockacrochaire, (the hangman's hill) is 
pointed out where the strangers are said to have been 
executed in sight of Knockfinn, the residence of the cruel 
MacClancy. Not far away is shown the pit into which, as 
people say, the bodies of the Spaniards were cast. In fifty 
years afterwards, by the Cromwellian settlement, the Mac 
Clancys were deprived of every acre they possessed, and 
their descendants have sunk into obscurity. 1 In a con- 
temporary work styled Descriptio Regni Hibernice, Sanc- 
torum Insula, &c, Auctore Fr. Antonio MacBrody, printed 
at Prague, and now in the Franciscan library, Dublin, it is 
stated (page 101), that in the year 165 1, Daniel MacClancy, 
a noble knight, and the Lord of Glenvane, opposed the 
Cromwellians, that he made conditions with them at last, 
and that they afterwards violated their agreement and put 
him to death. Reference is made to the family of Mac 
Clancy in various parts of the Annals of the Four Masters. 
These are given here : 

A.D. 1483. Murtagh MacClancy, intended Ollav of 
Thomond, and Cosnamhach, son of Conor Oge MacClancy, 
died. The same Conor Oge, Ollav of Thomond, a man 

1 At Arran View House, in Cor- articles. Mrs. Johnson was descended 
comroe, the residence of Mr Robert on the female side from the OTia- 
Johnson, J.P., were to be seen some hertys of the Isles of Arran, in whose 
most interesting relics of the Spanish family these objects of interest had 
Armada, consisting of gold and silver been carefully preserved. 



accomplished in literature and poetry, also died in this 
year, and Hugh MacClancy succeeded him. 

A.D. 1492. Hugh MacClancy, chief Brehon and Pro- 
fessor of Law in Thomond, died. 

A.D. 1575. Hugh, the son of Boetius MacClancy, Pro- 
fessor of the Feineachus (the Brehon law), and of Poetry, 
and a purchaser of wine, by no means the least distin- 
guished of the lay Brehons of Ireland, died. 

A.D. 1576. Boetius Oge, the son of Boetius, son of Mur- 
tagh MacClancy, Ollav of Dal Cais in judicature, and a 
man who kept a house of general hospitality, died. 

A.D. 1598. Boetius, the son of Hugh, son of Boetius, 
son of Murtagh MacClancy of Cnoc-Finn, died in the 
month of April. He was a man fluent in the Latin, 
Irish, and English languages. (This Boetius was the 
High Sheriff who murdered the Spaniards. In the Parlia- 
ment convoked at Dublin in 1585 he was one of the 
representatives sent from the newly-formed county of 
Clare. He was brother-in-law of Conor O'Brien of Leama- 
negh, and to this gentleman he presented a curiously-carved 
oak table, taken from one of the ships of the Spanish 
Armada, and still preserved at Dromoland Castle.) 


The name of this parish is supposed to be derived from 
the situation of the church, " the fertile hill side." Its first 
bishop was St. Fachtna, whose festival was formerly kept 
there on the 14th of August. As to the date of the existing 
church nothing is known ; in the Annals of Inisfalleu, 
under the date of 1055, it is stated that the abbey church 
of Kilfenora was burned by Murrogh O'Brien. " Part of it is 
used as a Protestant place of worship ; the roof of the 
remainder has been allowed to fall in. Several interest- 
ing inscriptions are to be found on tombs in the church and 
its graveyard. On a flag is delineated, in basso-relievo, the 

-\ .. 



C / .. . :■ ' I . ; ■-.-# * 

K F 

B &;&?- 


full figure of a bishop with a chalice in his hands, regarded 
by the inhabitants as a likeness of St. Fachtna. Upon the 
shaft of a cross forming the headstone of a grave, is the 
effigy of another bishop holding a crozicr in his left hand. 
In the nave of the church, built into the wall, is the tomb 
of the family of MacDonogh, former owners of Ballykeal, 
Ballyshanny, and Ballybreen, with the following in- 
scriptions : — "Donaldus MacDonagh, ct uxor ejus Maria 
O'Connor, sibi et suis ambobus posteris hunc tumulum 
fieri fecere. An. Dni. 1685, Memento mori." "Here lie the 
remains of Dr. Patrick MacDonogh, son of the above Donal- 
dus, and grandson to the Craven, fie was a dignitary of the 
church of France and of the Romish of Ireland. He was 
intimately acquainted with men of the first rank. Died on 
the 25th of February, 1752." A tablet in the same wall 
has this inscription — Neptunus qui fuit Alius Revdi 
Neptuni Blood, Decani Fenoborensis, ejusque uxoris 
Isabellas Blood alias Pullein 1 expiravit i° die Julii, 1683. 
On a handsome panelled tomb, constructed of cut stone in 
the form of an altar, is the following inscription : — 
" William Macancarrigg, and his wife Elizabeth ni Dea 
made this Tomb Anno Domini 1650." 2 On a flat tomb- 
stone in the graveyard is the following singular inscrip- 
tion : — 

"Non quemquam defraudavi : me saepe fefelli : 
Et Marti et Baccho saepe tributa dedi, 
Patritius Lysaght 3 obiit Anno Dmni 1741 astate sua 85." 

1 She was daughter of Samuel he was, by the influence of the Duke 

Pullen, Archbishop of Tuam (1661). ofOrrnond, advanced to the See of 

He was a native of Yorkshire, and Tuam in 1661. Cotton's Fasti, Article 

educated at Cambridge. In 1634 Diocese of Kilfenora, vol. i. 
he came over to Ireland, and was a 2 The Maclncarriggs, now Carrigg, 

prebendary of Ossory. In 1636 he were nroprietors in 1641 of Lisbulli- 

was appointed Chancellor of Cashel, geen,~in the p-irish of Kdfenora. — See 

and iw 163S Dean of Clonfert. In Book of Distrilnitions and Forfeiture:. 
the rebellion of 1641 he was plun- a This Patrick Lysaght fought in 

dered of hi-; property, but by the in- King James' army, aril was brother 

fluence of Father James Saul, a Jesuit of William, Lieutenant in O'brien's 

of Cashel, the lives of Himself and his regiment of infantry.— See Daltotfs 

family were spired. He (led to Eng- King James 1 Army List, vol. i., p. 

land, but having again come back, 37S. 


Around the border of another tombstone the following 
is inscribed in raised letters : — " Here lyeth the body 
of Hygarth Lone, who lived 21 years Dean of this 
church, and died in September, 1638." Another tomb- 
stone has the subjoined epitaph : — " Hie reconditum in 
spem resurrectionis ad vitam, quod mortale fuit Illmi 
ac Revdmi D.D. Laur. Arthur Nihelle Primi Unitarum 
Ecclesiarum Fenb s Duac 3 renunciati R. C. Epi, viri optimi, 
in sacris et profanis Uteris haud mediocriter eruditi. Qui 
dum viveret opuscula quaedam edidet fidei et morum 
eximia, et M.S.S. reliquit edenda, in dulci et utili oe 
(omne) punctum latura. Obiit in Dno. die Junii 29, 1795, 
aetate sua 69. Requiescat in pace." Another stone 
has the following : — " Here lies the body of John Neylan 
who dyed the 27th of July, 17 18, aged 24 years." In a 
field, at the distance of about fifty yards to the west of the 
church, stands one of those fine terminal crosses which 
adorn the sites of so many Christian establishments in 
Ireland. Three other such stood on the different roads 
leading to Kilfenora. It is the general opinion that the 
use of these crosses was to point out the precincts of the 
church, within which no lay jurisdiction could intrude. 
Two of them are broken, and the pieces are to be found in 
a yard adjoining an inn in the village. Another was 
carried to Clarisford in 1S21 by Dr. Mant, bishop of 
Killaloe, and placed before his house there, while the 
fourth is that now under consideration. It is about 
fifteen feet high, and is inscribed all over with most delicate 
tracery. It has on its face a raised representation of the cruci- 
fixion, and it is in every respect one of the finest sculptured 
crosses in Ireland. At a short distance from Kilfenora is 
a holy well dedicated to St. Fachtna. It is called Bullan 
Fachtna, the word bulkin signifying a spring of water 
issuing from a rock. A small stone-roofed building was 
raised over it, with the following inscription : — " Deo et B. 
Fechtnano hocce opusculum fundavit Donaldus MacDono^h, 


Fecrr AK~bm • t b6S ;• _zr — - 

.^ MEMENTO iMORI- ' ir 

-t«.j l«« r»e «u«ia"»3 » 





-. *•!»£ CONk 






«v jir.N^onr of 






r»i KC.lSH Qf 





-•Tfci nc»» or T^c 

first kah<\ . 


25 TN 





licentia et permissione Episcopi Finaborensis Anno Dni 
1687." About a quarter of a mile to the west of Kilfenora 
is noticed the site of the old church of Kilcarragh, formerly 
a hospital. 1 It is almost level with the ground. A burial 
place existed there at one time, at least what appears to 
have been a tombstone is to be seen near the church. 2 In 
the townland of Clogher, in this parish, existed an old 
church and burying ground called Kiltonaghta, and at 
Cahirminnaun, within the ambit of the caher, is a burying 
place called after Saint Caimin, with a holy well just 
adjoining called Tobar Caimin. The parish of Kilfenora 
has the following castles, viz. — Ballyshanny, Ballagh, 
Fanta, and Caherminnaun, all belonging in 1580 to Teige 
MacMurrogh O'Brien, 3 and that of Tullagh, the property of 
Sir Daniel O'Brien. 4 The cahers and Hoses of the parish 
are not many, but they are in better preservation than most • 
others of their class in the county. On the townland of 
Ballykinvarga stands a very fine caher, surrounded by a 
chevaux de frise of large sharp stones placed on end in the 
field, a kind of defence which made approach to the caher, 
especially in the night, very difficult. Some time ago an 
mmense number of silver pennies of Edward II. were dis- 
covered under one of these upright stones. The rath of 
Caherminnaun was of very large size, as appears by its 
remains still subsisting. 

We proceed here to give a list of the Bishops of the 
diocese of Kilfenora, together with such notices of their 
lives as are preserved to our times. The catalogue is, as 
Ware states, very imperfect, but that imperfection arises 
from a cause with which he appears to have been unac- 
quainted, namely, that until the Council of Rathbreasil the 

1 Archdall, Monasticon Hibcmicum, O'Brien died in his castle of Caher- 

vol. i., p. S7. minnaun. — Annals of the Four Mas- 

- It was endowed with a quarter of ters. 

land adjoining thereto, which at the 4 A.D. 1593. — Died Murtagh, son 

dissolution was granted to John King. of Donald, son of Conor O'Brien, of 

And. General's Office. Tullagh.— Idem. 

3 A.D. 1591. — Teige MacMurrogh 


bishops of Ireland were not so much bishops of particular 
districts as of particular clans. 1 Kilfcnora, in the dis- 
tribution of the bishoprics of Ireland made by Cardinal 
Paparo at that Council in 1152, was made suffragan to the 
Archbishopric of Cashel, and with the Catholics has re- 
mained so ever since. The Protestant diocese was annexed, 
in the reign of Charles II., to Tuam. It comprises the 
baronies of Corcomroe and Burren, the patrimony of the 
Clan Modruadh Xinnis. There is no valuation of the sec 
in the king's books, nor is it so much as mentioned in 

A.D. 1254. Christian, bishop of Kilfenora, died this 
year, and was buried in the church of the Dominicans at 

A.D. 1265. Maurice was elected this year by the Canons, 
who obtained a congk d'elire, and his election was con- 
firmed and consecration performed by his metropolitan, 
although no information had been previously given to the 
king, or no warrant obtained from him. He pardoned the 
omission however, and issued his writ to the escheator to 
restore the bishop to the temporalities. This prelate died 
in 1273. 3 

A.D. 1273. In September of this year Florence O'Tiger- 
nach, Abbot of Kilshanny, of the Cistertian Order, was 
elected bishop, and obtained the royal assent. The conge 
d'elire had issued at the petition of the Dean and Chapter 
on the 14th of July previously, and on the Sth of October 
following a mandate went to the Archbishop of Cashel to 
consecrate this prelate : presently after a writ issued for 
his restoration to the temporalities, but clogged with the 
condition that he should send his proctor to England to 
swear fealty in his name. He died in 12S1. 4 

A.D. 1 28 1. Charles, Dean of Kilfenora, had his election 

1 See the Introduction to Dr. Todd's " Idem. 

Life of St. Patrick. 4 Idem. 

3 Ware.— Bishop of Kilfenora. 



confirmed by the king, on the 8th of September, 1281, and 
on the same day a writ of restitution to the temporalities 
issued. 1 

A.D. 1300. Congal O'Loghlen, called bishop of Cor- 
comroe in the Annals of LougJi Ree, died. 2 

A.D. 1303. Simon O'Currin died this year, and was 
buried in the church of the Dominicans at Limerick. 3 

A.D. 1321. Maurice (Murtogh?) O'Brien, Dean of Kil- 
fenora, was O'Currin's successor, and his appointment was 
confirmed by King Edward I. on the 8th of October, 1303. 
He sat for eighteen years, and was buried in the church of 
the Dominicans at Limerick, in the year 1321. 4 

A.D. 1359. Richard O'Loghlen died this year. 5 

A.D. 1394. One Patrick was bishop. He took the oath 
of fealty to King Richard II. in the Dominican convent at 
Drogheda, on the 16th of March, 1394. 

A.D. 142 1. On the 25th of January of this year, the 
election made, in the church of Kilfenora, of Felim, son 
of Mahone O'Loghlen, as bishop, was confirmed at Rome. 
He died in I434- 7 

A.D. 1435. Donogh O'Cahane. On the 26th of December, 
1435, O'Cahane was consecrated bishop of this diocese in 
the chapel of St. Paul, in the hospital of Santa Maria 
Novella at Florence, by the bishop of Megara in partibus. 

A.D. 149 1. O'Cahane resigned the see this year, and the 
Pope appointed Murtagh O'Brien, 8 " Othey," as his suc- 
cessor. The appointment bears date 12th December, 1491, 
and the bulls of consecration are dated the 26th of August, 
1492. Previous to his appointment he had been canon of 
Killaloe. During his incumbency he sent to Rome a gift 
°f 33 g°ld florins. He was bishop in 1523, according to 

1 Ware, Bishops of Kilfenora. 7 See Episcopal Succession in Ire- 

-Idem. land, by Maziere Brady: Rome. 1S76. 

* Idem. vol. i., page 125. Annals of Four 

* Idem. Masters. A.D. 1434. 

5 Idem. s Epis. Succ. 

6 Idem. 


Ware, but the Four Masters say that his death occurred in 
1 510. They must be mistaken. 1 

A.D. 1541. John O'Neylan succeeded on the 24th of 
November of this year, the date of the death of Murtagh 
O'Brien. He was a canon of St Augustine, and abbot 
of the monastery of the Blessed Virgin at Ciltz. His death, 
in 1572, is thus set down by the Four Masters: — "John 
Oge, son of John, son of Auliffe O'Neallain, teacher of the 
word of God, and bishop of Kilfenora, died and was buried 
in Kilfenora itself." 2 

From 1572 to 1647 the see was under Vicars. In the 
Deed of Composition of the newly-formed county of Clare, 
the signatories include the name of Daniel bishop "elect," 
of Kilfenora. This was in 1585, but in reality Daniel 
O'Griffy (called Gryphaeus), was Vicar-general of the 
diocese, and continued to fill that office till 1634, when he 
was appointed Vicar apostolic. 3 

A.D. 1647. Andrew Lynch was nominated bishop on the 
nth of March of this year, on the recommendation of 
Rinuccini, the Papal Nuncio, who speaks of him in the 
highest terms. He fled with the Nuncio to France to 
escape from the English soldiers. There he officiated as 
assistant to the bishop of Rouen till 1673, m which year 
he died. 4 From 1673 to 1732 the see was under vicars or 
administrators. 5 

August 7th, 1732, James Augustine O'Daly, who had 
been canon and treasurer of the cathedral of Tournay, in 
Belgium, was appointed bishop of Kilfenora. He had been 
suffragan of the bishop of Tournay. It was thought in 
1736, that O'Daly would resign, and Laurence Slyne, a 
Friar Minor, was recommended to supply his place, but on 
further consideration O'Daly determined to retain his see, 
deputing the diocese to Dr. Lacy bishop of Limerick as 

1 Ware. Four Mast. E*is. Succ. * Nunziaturain Irlanda, Wtk Aug., 

-Ware. Four Masters. 1646. Episcopal Succ. 

3 Wore. Wadding MSS., in library 5 Epis. Succ. 
of Franciscans, Dublin. 


administrator, and he died as its bishop at Tournay, in 
1750. 1 On his death Kilfenora was united to the diocese 
of Kilmacduagh, and an arrangement made by which the 
succeeding prelates should be bishops of each alternately, 
and at the same time administrators of the other one. 
Thus, in 175 1, Peter Kilkelly, a Dominican, was named 
bishop of Kilmacduagh and administrator of Kilfenora. 
At his death, in 1783, both were united, and Laurence 
Nihill, D.D., a native of Tulla, was selected to govern them. 
He had been a Jesuit, and on the suppression of that Order 
he had come to the diocese of Limerick and had been 
appointed parish priest of Rathkeale, He resigned his 
parish and came to reside in the city of Limerick as a 
place more convenient for study. There he received in- 
timation from the Propaganda that he had been chosen 
bishop of Kilfenora and Kilmacduagh. He died in June, 
1795, in the 69th year of his age, as is recorded on his 
tomb in the epitaph given above. 

A.D. 1795. On the death of Dr. Nihill, Edward Dillon 
succeeded to the two dioceses, as coadjutor bishop. He got 
the parish of Kinvarra in commendam. He was translated to 
Tuam in 179S, and Richard Luke Concannon, a Dominican 
and agent for the Irish clergy at Rome, was by brief ap- 
pointed in his stead. Concannon not wishing to accept the 
office, Nicholas Joseph Archdeacon, dean of Kilfenora was 
promoted to the united sees. He was a native of Cork, 
born there in 1770. At the date of his selection his age 
being under thirty years, he had a dispensation. 

A.D. 1824. On the death of Archdeacon, Nicholas 
Ffrench, a Dominican was appointed by the Propaganda. 
He was likewise Guardian of Galway. He died on the 
14th of July, 1852, and he was succeeded by Patrick 
Fallon, who had already in the character of coadjutor 

1 Hiberttia Dominicana, page qio. Limerick), by Rev. Daniel M'Carthv, 
Episcota! Succession. Collection's of d.d., Dublin, 1S74. vol. ii., part ii., 
Irish Church History {Bishops of page 107. 


been appointed to the episcopal seat by the Propaganda. 1 
Subsequent to the demise of Dr. Fallon, Kilfenora was 
united to Gahvay. 

We here give the succession of the Protestant bishops 
of Kilfenora up to the time it was merged in the Arch- 
diocese of Tuam. 2 

A.D. 1617. Bernard Adams, consecrated bishop of Lime- 
rick in 1604, held Kilfenora likewise by dispensation, till 
16 17, in which year he resigned it. 

A.D. 1622. John Sterne was consecrated in 16 17, but 
promoted to Ardfert in 1622. In July 1618, he obtained 
a grant to him and his successors to hold at Kilfenora a 
Thursday market and two fairs, one on the Wednesday 
Thursday and Friday before Whitsunday, the other on St. 
Michael's day and two days after, at twenty shillings rent. 3 

A.D. 1627. William Murray was consecrated in 1622 
bishop of Kilfenora, but was promoted to Llandaff in 

A.D. 1638. James Higate a native of Glasgow, was con- 
secrated bishop in 1630 and died in 1638. 

A.D. 1642. Robert Sibthorp was consecrated in 1638, 
and in 1642 was transferred to Limerick. 4 

A.D. 1660. Samuel Pullen, archbishop of Tuam, obtained 
the diocese of Kilfenora in commendam. From his time 
the see of Kilfenora has been united with the archbishop- 
ric of Tuam. 

A.D. 1741. On the death of Edward Synge, archbishop 

1 Epis. Succession. here that will accept it is Mr. Robert 

2 Ware — Bis/iofs of Kilfenora. Sibthorp, a Bachelor of Divinity, but 

3 Roils i6 d J. 6th fart, p : I. then lie will expect to hold in com- 

4 " The old bishop of Kilfenora is mendam his Treasurership of Killaloe, 
dead, and his bishopric, one ot those the Rectory of Tradaree, and some 
which when it falls goes a begging such other benefice as may chance to 
for a new husband, being not worth be conferred upon him. In truth, the 
above four score pounds to the last gentleman is honest and able. If you 
man ; but in the handling of nn un- like not of this I know no other here 
derstanding prelate might perchance who will accept it."— SlrafforcCs Let- 
grow to be worth two hundred pounds, Urs : LttL-r of Wentivorth to the 
but then it will cost money in suit. An hbiskop of Canterbury, 23rd May. 
The fittest and only person we have iOjS, vol. ii., p. 172. 


of Tuam, the bishopric of Kilfenora was, by letters patent, 
given in commendam to John Whitcomb, bishop of Clonfert. 
Dr. Whitcomb being translated to Down and Connor in 
1752, the see of Kilfenora was given in commendam to 
Nicholas Synge, bishop of Killaloe, 1 and with the bishops 
of Killaloe it remained till the disestablishment of the 
Irish Protestant Church in 1870. 


Of St. MacCreiche, the patron of this parish, an ancient 
life still exists. He was the contemporary and intimate 
friend of St. Ailbhe of Emly, who died in 541. He 
founded several churches in Thomond, among them that 
of Kilmanaheen, over which he placed St. Manchin (after- 
wards patron of Limerick), and the two churches oflnagh. 
He was a native of Corcomroe. His church is situated on 
the sea shore near Liscannor, and is in a tolerable state 
of preservation. On a stone inserted in the wall of the 
building is the following inscription : — 

" Here resteth Nick, whose fame no age can blot, 
The chief, MacDonagh, in old Heber's lot,' 2 
Who, while on earth, revived the ancient fame 
Of his own line, and that of all the name ; 
His fixt religion was his action's guide, 
And as he lived beloved, lamented died. 

Erected in the year of our Lord God, 1745." 

The peasantry show a spot on the strand, below the church, 
which they call MacCreiche's bed, and about a furlong on 
the north-west lies his well. In the townland of Kilconnell 
is found a small burial-ground for children, and another 
in Derreen. In Derreen also, is a holy well dedicated to 
St. Bridget, which on the eve of the first Sunday of 
August, is much frequented by devotees and by persons 

1 Ware— Bishops of Kilfenora. - Leath Mhogha. 


desirous of obtaining relief from disease. The castle of 
Dough, just at the confluence of the river of Ennis- 
tymon with the sea, was the principal seat of O'Connor, 
Lord of Corcomroe. It is in a ruinous state. In 1580 it was 
owned by Sir Daniel O'Brien, as was also the neighbouring 
castle of Liscannoryet in good condition. The well known 
cliffs of Moher are in this parish. The name is derived from 
an ancient caher or stone fort called Moher ui Ruaidhin, (i.e., 
O'Ruaidhin's fort), that stood near Hag's Head. About the 
beginning of this century it was pulled down to supply 
materials for the erection of the Telegraph tower in the 


An extensive burial ground exists in this parish, and 
adjoins a ruined church dedicated to St. Flannan, first 
bishop of Killaloe. A little to the south-west is found 
St Flannan's well, where stations continue still to be 
performed. In the townland of Tullamore, stands a castle 
which was the property of Sir Daniel O'Brien, of Dough. 
The townland of Carrowduff in this parish, and Laghvally 
in Kilmacrechy, were the patrimony of the family of 
MacCurtin* distinguished for their scholarship. Of this 
family the following records are preserved in the Annals of 
the Four Masters: 

"A.D. 1376. Kelloch MacCurtin, chief historian of Tho- 
mond, died. 

A.D. 1404. Gilla Duivin MacCurtin, ollav of Thomond 
in music, died. 

A.D. 1435. Sencha MacCurtin, ollav of Thomond in 
"history, a man generally skilled in the arts of poetry and 
music died. 

A.D. 1436. Geanann MacCurtin, intended ollav of 
Thomond in history, was drowned. There was not in 
Leth Mogha in his time a better matcries of an historian 
than he." 




Several saints of the name of Scanach are found in the 
Irish calendars ; which of them is the patron of this parish 
it is not possible to determine. Mention is made of a St. 
Cuana of Kilchuana, alias Kilshanny,who is supposed to have 
died in A.D. 650, and whose bell is yet preserved. 1 The 
church of Kilshanny is in a good state of preservation. At 
the distance of twenty perches from it is a holy well dedicated 
to St Augustine, where a pattern is still held on the 28th 
of August In the townland of Ballymacravan exists 
another holy well, called Tobar-mac-ravan, where sta- 
tions continue to be performed. The castle of Bel-atha-an 
Gobhan 2 (the mouth of the Smith's ford, now called Smiths- 
town), stands in this parish, and is in excellent condition. 
It belonged in 1580 to Teige MacMurrogh O'Brien. Three 
cahers, none of which merit particular notice, are seen in 
the parish of Kilshanny. By an Inquisition taken on the 
16th of January, twenty-seventh year of Elizabeth, it was 
found that Turlogh O'Brien of Smithstown died seized of 
the monastery of Kilshanny, with its appurtenances and 
five quarters of land. J Subsequently it was granted, with all 
its lands, mills, and fisheries, to Robert Hickman. 4 By 
a previous Inquisition, taken 26th July, 1578, it was 
found that Teige, son of Murrogh O'Brien, late of Smiths- 
town, was possessed of that castle and the adjoining water- 
mill, together with the castle and village of Boneill, at the 
time of his death, in December, 1577 ; that his son, Turlogh, 
aged seven years, was his heir ; and that his widow, More, 
was managing the property for her son. Kilshanny church 
had a small monastery attached to it, an offshoot of the 
great Cistercian house of Corcomroe, and a considerable 
part of the parish was abbey land belonging to the Cister- 

1 See Kilkenny Journal, vol. 2. p. 62. 3 See Clara Inquisitions. 

s So named in the Annals of the 4 Rolls, 

Four Masters, A.D. 1573. 



In the Martyrology of Donegal, under the date of the 
2ist of September, is found the following entry : — "Saran, 
son of Tighernach, son of Maenach of Lesan, in Sliabh 
Callann, and of Cluain-da-acra, in Cehair." O'Curry was 
of opinion that this Cluain-da-acra might be the Clooney 
of Corcomroe. 1 The church is much ruined by time. 
At a little distance is a holy well dedicated to St. Flannan, 
where rounds are yet made. In a townland of the 
parish, called Killeighnagh is a small burial-ground, and 
in another place named Mooghna, is noticed a little grave- 
yard and a well styled Tobar Mooghna, used by persons 
suffering from sore eyes. The castle of Glen, now well 
nigh ruined, stands in this parish. Sir Daniel O'Brien was 
the proprietor of it in 1580. 


As to the derivation of the name of this parish, no 
satisfactory conjecture can be offered. In the Calendars 
of the Irish Saints no name like that of Oighleach can be 
discovered. The holy wells, which usually throw some 
light on the subject give none, the only one in the parish 
being dedicated to St. Breccan of Arran, at Toomullen. 
The church of Killilagh is in good preservation. 2 In 
the townland of Toomullen is a church of greater antiquity, 
and in better condition. At Oughtdarra are found the 
remains of another ancient church, very much ruined. The 
castles of the parish are five, namely, Doonnagore belong- 

1 See his Letter in the Ordnance rmricomo Titane marmor ero. C. C." 
Survey Papers relating to Clare, rn which may he thus rendered — " To 
Royal Irish Academy Library, Vol. proclaim the glory of the Founder, I, 
xiv., B. 23, p. 314. (the marble), should be higher than 

2 A flag-stone in the graveyard at- the golden-haiicd sun." The letters 
tached to the church has the follow- C. C. are likely to be the initials of 
ing inscription : — " Ut conditons Conor Clancy. 

valeam circumdare famam, Altius 


ing in 1580 to Sir Daniel O'Brien of Dough; Knockfin, 
Doonmacfelim, and Ballynalacken, owned by Teige 
MacMurrogh O'Brien ; and Toomullen, the property 
of Conor MacClancy. Many erections of a more 
ancient date are found in the parish, to wit, the Hoses 
and cahers used by the inhabitants as places of residence. 
These are the lios of Knockalassa, in the townland of 
Aughiskabeg ; a lios in Aughnavinna ; Cahirreagh, in the 
middle of a bog in the townland of Caherkinallia ; a fort 
in the townland of Coogyulla called Tonebaun ; a caher in 
the townland of Cahcrmaclancy the ancient home of the 
MacClancys brehons of Thomond ; a caher at Doonmac- 
felim, a doon on the summit of a small hill at Doonagore 
now quite demolished ; a caher at Glashabeg, and a fort at 
Glashamore. On the townland of Cahermacrusheen there 
stands a cromlech. 


St. Manchfn, who was also the patron of the diocese of 

Limerick, was the saint to whom this parish was dedicated. 
He was contemporary with St. Aiibhe of Emly, St. Luch- 
tigern of Tomfinloe, St. I\IacCreiche of Kilmacrechy, and 
St. Flannan of Killaloe. The church of Kilmanaheen was 
placed on the summit of a hill in the townland of Lissa- 
tunna, but scarcely any remains of it now exist ; the 
burial-ground attached to it is in much use. Previously 
to the building of the church, the Dun, or residence of 
Baoth Bronach king of Corcomroe, had stood on the same 
spot, but he resigned the place to St. Manchin for the 
glory of God. 1 Three burial grounds for children are 
noticed in the parish of Kilmanaheen, namely, Kilcornan, 
Calluragh, and Kyleduff. A castle once stood at Ennisty- 

1 Sec Profe-sor O'Looney's note in for further valuable information on the 
ArchJall's Monasticon Hibcrnictim, subject of Mainchin and his brother 
Vol. i. p. 85. Consult the same note sain;.'. 


mon, but no trace of it remains to our time. It belonged 
in 1580 to O'Connor. 


No information touching the life or actions of the saint 
to whose memory this parish is dedicated can be found in 
the Irish Martyrologies. The church, situate in the town- 
land of Knockroe, is utterly ruined. Two castles existed 
in the parish, namely at Inchovea and Kilmore, both 
belonging to Teige MacMurrogh O'Brien. 


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I 1 


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-I I If : J **-. - rlf I^S ili! i 





THIS territory was the patrimonial inheritance of the 
O'Hehirs, and its name in Irish is still well known to the 
natives. It comprised the present barony of Islands, ex- 
cepting the parish of Clondegad, which belonged to East 
Corcabaskin, and likewise excepting the part of the parish 
of Clare Abbey that lies on the east side of the river 
Fergus forming in ancient days portion of Tradraighe. 
The parish of Kilmaley is still locally called Ui Cormaic, and 
the parish of Drumcliffe is called Ogormuck in ecclesiastical 
documents. Hence we may conclude that the country of Ui 
Cormaic extended from the mountain of SliabhCallain to the 
Fergus. It was bounded on the north by the Breintir Fear- 
maic and by the Cineal Cuallachta ; on the east by the river 
Fergus which separated it from the districts of Ui Caisin 
and Tradraighe ; l on the south by East Corcabaskin ; and on 
the west by Ui Bracain. The family of O'Hehir was not of 
Dalcassian origin. They were of the race of Daire Cearb, 
the ancestor of the Ui Figinte, who were located at the 
other side of the Shannon, in the present barony of Kenry, 
in the county of Limerick. 2 About the year uoo we find 
them seated at Magh Adhair, in Ui Caisin, but in after 
times they were driven westwards by the AlacXamaras. 

The church of DrumclirT is composed of various 
patchings, made from time to time as the building wanted 

1 Annals of the Four Masters, at 2 a.d. 1099. Donach O'Hehir, lord 

year 1573. f Ma£h Ad h ailj died.— Annals F.M. 



repairs or the congregation more room. No part of it 
seems to be of great antiquity except a window on the 
south wall, and part of one in the east gable. At a little 
distance stands a round tower, having the upper part as 
well as one of its sides greatly injured by time or light- } 

ning. 1 On the west side, at a height of thirty feet from 
the ground, it has a quadrangular window. The stones of 
this round tower are enormous at the. bottom, rounded by 
the weather, and not laid in regular courses. After it 
reaches a height of twelve feet they decrease in size. No 
patron saint of Drumcliff is remembered. To this parish 
belongs Clonroad, which, about the year 1200, became the 
principal seat of the O'Briens. Donogh Cairbreagh O'Brien 
constructed an earthen fort, round in form, on the south 
side of the river, opposite Ennis, in a marshy place. Sub- 
sequently a stone castle 2 was built near the present bridge 
of Clonroad byTurlogh O'Brien, and it continued to be one 
of the residences of the Earls of Thomond for three hun- 
dred years. It was demolished at last in order to furnish 
stones for the building of a house for the new proprietor, 
Mr. Gore. The adjoining town of Ennis was anciently 
called Inish-laoi (Calf Island), and sometimes Inish Cluain 
Ramh-fada (Meadow of the long rowing). We find two 
holy wells in the parish of Drumcliff, one in the town- 
land of Rathkerry dedicated to St. Kieran, the other 
at Croaghaun, under the patronage of St. Ineenboy, of 
Killenaboy. At Inchbeg in 15S0 stood a castle belonging 
to Conor MacClancy. 

About the year 1240, Donogh Cairbrcach O'Brien built 
a beautiful monastery for conventual Franciscan friars at 
Ennis. From its size, beauty, ami surroundings, it was 
regarded as one of the principal convents of the order in 

'To the year 1396,111 the Annals - The firs! Imilcling of stone was 

of the Four Masters, O* Flaherty adds made :ii Murine, on the west side, 

his entry :— 'Campanile, i.e., Cloic l>y Tn?:>:<, son of Teijje Caeluis^e 

"Cectch "Oyioma Ctiab, fulmine des- O'Brien Ann. InisfaUtn, A.D. 12S4. 

tructum. See note in O'Donovan's See alsu i'viti Mailers, A.D. 1553. 
Four Masters, at A.D. 1396. 


Ireland. 1 Its ruins, in tolerable preservation, exist at pre- 
sent, and the fine east window is an object of admiration to 
all who see it The following notices of the abbey occur 
in Archdall's Monasticon Hibernicum, in the Annals of the 
Four Masters, and in those of Inisfallen : — 

A.D. 1305. The monastery of Ennis was enlarged by 
Turlogh, son of Teige Caoluisge O'Brien, and endowed by 
him with the holy crosses, gilt books, and embroidered 
vestments, excellent windows, cowls, and all requisite furni- 
ture. — Annals Inisfallen. 

A.D. 1306. Turlogh O'Brien, king of Thomond died, 
and was buried in the monastery he had built and white- 
washed with lime at Inis-an-laoigh. — Idem. 

A.D. 1306. Cuveda More MacNamara died and was 
buried with his king (O'Brien) in this monastery. — 

A.D. 131 1. About this time Donogh king of Thomond, 
bestowed the entire revenues of his principality towards 
the support of the poor friars of this monastery, and for 
enlarging and beautifying their house. — Archdall. 

A.D. 13 1 3. Dermot O'Brien, prince of Thomond, was 
buried in this monastery, in the habit of a Franciscan 
friar. — Idem. 

A.D. 1343. Murtagh, son of Turlogh king of Thomond, 
died on the 5th of June, and was buried here. In the same 
year Mahone Dall MacNamara, who built the refectory 
and sacristy of the church, was buried here in the habit of 
the order. — Idem. 

A.D. 1350. Pope ClementVI. granted several indulgences 
to this monastery, and Turlogh, the son of Donogh O'Brien, 
was interred therein. — Idem. 

A.D. 1364. Dermot O'Brien, late king of Thomond, died 
on the vigil of the Conversion of St. Paul, at Ardrahan in 

. J Anmles Minomm, by Father 4 r >. Vol. x., p. 218 ; in the library 
Fonseca. Rome, 1733. Vol. viii., p. ot the Franciscan Fathers, Dublin. 


the county of Galway, but he had his resting place in this 
monastery. — Idem. 

A.D. 1370. Mahone Moinmoy O'Brien, king of Tho- 
mond, dying on the feast of St. Philip and St. James, was 
also interred here. — Idem. 

A.D. 1375. This year King Edward III., moved with 
compassion for the poverty of this house and the scarcity 
of provisions in that part of the country, granted a licence 
dated at Limerick, August 22nd, to the guardian and friars, 
to enter into the English Pale and purchase provisions of 
every kind. And he also granted a licence to Marian 
Currydanny, a brother of the house, to go to the city of 
Argentine (Strasburg), in Almania, and there to study in 
the schools. — Idem. 

A.D. 1540. The monastery of Cluain Ramh-fada (Clon- 
road), was given to the friars of the Strict Observance by 
order of Murrogh (the Tanist), son of Turlogh O'Brien, 
and the chiefs of Thomond, and by the consent and per- 
mission of the superiors of the Order of St. Francis. — Four 

A.D. 1577. In a rental of the Crown for this year, in the 
public Record Office, Dublin, the queen was then in pos- 
session of the site of this monastery, a mill on the Fergus, 
an eel and salmon weir, with some houses and gardens in 
the village of Ennis, and on the first of June, 162 1, all 
these were granted to , William Donegan, Esq. — ArcJidall. 

Some further particulars relating to the abbey of Ennis 
are collected from the Annates Minorum, and from other 
sources. I give here an abstract of these. In the choir, 
originally built by More (Morina in Latin) O'Brien, 
wife of MacMahon, of Clonderalaw, stood the ancient 
tomb of that family, as well as the monument of the Lords 
of Inchiquin. The chapel of St. Michael contained the 
tomb of the founder, made of polished marble, while 
other parts of the church gave sepulture to the families 
of MacGillariabhach (anglicised Gallery), Clancy, Neylan, 


O'Dca, O'Hehir, Considine, and others. 1 The sepulchral 
monument of the Earls of Thomond was in the church of 
St. Francis, and as a mark of his affection, one of them 
erected near it a tomb for the family of MacBrodie, the 
hereditary poets and historians of Thomond. There, for 
many generations, they were interred, all of them except 
MacBrody of Maynoe, his place of sepulture being at 
Inishcaltra. 2 In the choir, as before stated, was raised the 
tomb of the MacMahons, in the form of an altar, orna- 
mented with columns and statues. Turlogh MacMahon, 
the husband of More, thought proper to have himself and his 
descendants buried in his own territory, and with that view 
constructed a splendid monument for them in the church 
of St. Mary, at Clonderalaw. Aided by his wife, he either 
built or endowed in his principality no less than twelve 
parish churches, as v/as proved by ancient manuscripts 
preserved in Clonderalaw castle. 3 It is related that in the 
convent of Ennis resided, in 1440 {recti 1496), a brother 
named Fergal O'Triain, who was called, from the smallness 
of his size, Fergal Beg. Conor na Srona O'Brien, King of 
Thomond, being mortally wounded, refused to confess his 
sins or to receive spiritual ministrations of any kind. The 
persuasions of Fergal Beg however brought him to 
contrition. The news of his conversion was immediately 
imparted in a vision to a friar at Lismore, and he instantly 
communicated the information to the Earl of Desmond. 4 

Amongst the friars of this convent was father Anthony 
Hickey who died in 1619. He was author of many 
valuable works on Theology and Canon Law, and was 
Professor of Theology successively at Louvain, Cologne, and 
Rome. He lived for many years at St. Pietro in Montorio, 
in Rome, and died at St. Isidore's there. 5 

1 Dermitius MacConsidine pro se ct 3 Annates Minorum, viii., 46. 21S. 

suis, hunc Tumulum fieri fecit Anno 
1 63 1. * Idem. 

• Propugnacidum Catkolica Vert- 
tatis. s Idem. 


By order of Sir Richard Bingham, Governor of Con- 
naught, in which province Thomond was at that time 
included, the monastery of Ennis was suppressed and 
the friars driven forth to Spain, France, Belgium, and 
other places. He converted the conventual buildings into 
a court-house, the refectory constituting the jail, and in 
these, in 1586, the first assizes ever held in Clare were 
carried on. About the year 1642, when the Kilkenny 
Confederation had established the power of the Catholics, 
Ennis was again opened to the friars, and it continued to 
be the last place in Ireland where a school of theology was 
taught by the Franciscans, until they were a second time 
expelled by Cromwell, and forced again to leave their 
native country. Under the guardianship of the Earls of 
Thomond, the Abbey of Ennis continued in a perfect state 
of preservation up to the year 1733. 1 

Another of the friars of this convent was Dermot 
Brody, the son of Maoelin MacBrody, of Mount Calary, 
and of his wife, Johanna MacMahon. After studying in 
Spain he returned to his native county, and there went 
about amongst his kindred offering them spiritual conso- 
lation. Being engaged in that laudable occupation he was 
seized amidst the mountains on the north side of Lime- 
rick and carried into the city in 1603. After a pro- 
tracted imprisonment he was, by the intervention of the 
Earl of Thomond, set free. He recommenced his labour 
of preaching in Clare, residing mostly in the convent of 
Ennis in company with a lay brother ; there he died in 
August, 16 17. 2 

As above stated, the friars took possession of their 
monastery at Ennis in 1642, under the auspices of the 
Confederation of Kilkenny. MacBrody names two of them, 
viz., a Father Carrighy, who, in 1651, was hanged by the 
Cromwellians, and Father Owen O'Cahan, a Clare man 
by birth. The latter after making his profession at Rome, 

1 Annaks Minomm, — Ibid. - Broudin, Jib. iii., cap. 20. 



came to Ireland, and in 1643 opened a school at Ouin. 
In the work of teaching he was aided by Father Teige 
O'Brien, and their school soon attained to great eminence 
Its existence was short-lived however, for in five years it 
was dispersed, and its teacher being made prisoner was 
hanged in 165 1. 1 

At the right side of the east window stands the 
tomb of the family of Creagh of Dangan. It is modern, 
but inserted in it are two slabs of marble which in 
the olden time appear to have formed part of the high 
altar of the church, or else of the tomb of the MacMahons 
of Clonderalaw. On one of these are carvings in high 
relief of subjects taken from the Scriptures, and on the 
other Christ and His Apostles in the form of a reredos. 
The inscriptions relating to the Creaghes are as follows : — 
" M. Creagh filia Mathei M'Namara de Cratillagh, obiit 
A.D. 1641 : Piers Creagh maritus ejus, et nobilis Franciae, 
obiit castello suo Danganensi A.D. 1667: Simon Creagh, 
filius eorum, obiit circa A.D. 17D0 : Maria MacMahon de 
Clenagh, uxor ejus, obiit eodem tempore : Piers Creagh, 
Alius eorum, obiit 1743 : Uxor ejus T)omina Elizabetha 
Mathew de Thomastown, de domo Llandaff, et soror 
uterina Ormondiae Ducis Magni, obiit A.D. 1745 : Elizabetha 
Creagh, alias Davoren, filia Percii et Elizabethae Mathew, 
obiit A.D. 1750: Pierce Creagh, filius primus ejusdem Piercii 
Creagh et Elizabethae Mathew, obiit 1770: Catherine Quin 
de Adarensi, uxor prima ejus, obiit 1753 : Gertruda 
Macklin, uxor secunda ejus, obiit 1757: Lavinia Penne- 
father, uxor tertia ejus, obiit A.D. 1806 : Robertus Creagh, 
filius supra dicti Piercii et Gertrudae Macklin, obiit 1842, 
sine prole: Ricardus Creagh, filius primus Piercii et Lavinia 
Pennefather, obiit 1836: Uxor Ricardi ejusdem, Christina 
O'Callaghan, obiit 1812: Simon Piercii Creagh, filius junior 
Piercii et Laviniae Pennefather, obiit A.D. 18 14 : Dora Mac 
Namara uxor ejus, et neptis Elizabethae Creagh, alias 

1 Broudin, lib. iv., cap. 15. 


Davoren supra dictae, obiit A.D. 1834: Pierce Creagh, nepos 
Simonis Piercii, et Alius Piercii Creagh et Belindae Butler, 
obiit anno aetatis secundo, A.D. 1841." 

Other tombs are found in the nave, viz. those of Der- 
mitius O'Considin, A.D. 163 1 ; Laurence O'Hehir of Drum- 
caran, A.D. 1649 ; and of. Owen Considin, 1686. 


The Calendars are silent as to the history of St. Maley. 
Only a portion of the old church is standing ; in its vicinity 
is a large grave-yard, and not far off are two holy wells, 
one dedicated to the Blessed Virgin and the other to 
Sgrevaun of Clondagad. A burial ground for children 
exists on the townland of Kilcloher, another on Drumanure. 
The castle of Bally macooda belonged in 1580 to the 
Baron of Inchiquin. 


St. John the Baptist is the patron of this parish. The 
church is in good preservation, and stands on the brink 
of a picturesque lake. It was founded about the year 
1 190, by Donald O'Brien, King of Limerick, for nuns 
of the rule of St. Augustine, and dedicated to St. John the 
Baptist. Slaney, daughter of Donoch Carbreach, King of 
Thomond, was abbess of this nunnery, and died A.D. 1260. 1 
Adjacent to the abbey is a holy well greatly resorted to on 
the eve of the festival of St. John by persons making their 
devotions. By an Inquisition taken on the 15th May, 
1605, it was found that on the 1st of July, in the thirty-fifth 
year of the reign of King Henry VIII., that monarch 
granted to Murrogh, Earl of Thomond, this abbey and 
three quarters (townlands) and half a quarter, with all the 
tithes of the parish of Killone and Kilnckelly ; two parts of 

1 Archdall, Monasticon Ilib., vol. i. p. S9. 


the tithes of Ennis and Clonroad, containing four quarters 
of land ; two parts of the tithes between Bothes Clares; 1 
two parts of the tithes in the parish of Clondagad 
and Rectory of Kilfiddane ; two parts of the tithes of 
Kilmihill and Kilrush ; two parts of the tithes of Mourghy 
(Kilmurry), and the Rectory thereof, containing four quar- 
ters of land ; two parts of the tithes of Rathkerry ; and 
two parts of the tithes of two quarters of land near the 
noulet (?) of Owne O'Garna, in Ballysheen (near Sixmile- 
bridge). 2 In the college list of castles that of Killone, is 
set down as belonging in 1580 to the Baron of Inchiquin. 
No vestige of it now remains. 


This parish has derived its name from a board, or rather 
boards, which, before the erection of the bridge, appear to 
have been laid across the river at the ancient ford of Clar- 
atha-da-charadh (ford of the two weirs). 3 At the time of 
the formation of Thomond into a county the English gave 
it the name of Clare, possibly from the circumstance that 
the place was a village and the principal residence of the 
Earl of Thomond. Those who say that the county was 
named in 1576, from Sir Richard de Clare, forget that he 
was dead since 13 18, and that he never really possessed 
any part of Thomond except what surrounded the Castle 
of Bunratty. Besides, the Four Masters distinctly assert 
(A.D. 1600), that Clare gives name to the county. In 1 195 an 
abbey of Canons Regular of St. Augustine was founded there 
by Donald O'Brien, King of Limerick, and placed under the 
invocation of St. Peter and St. Paul. One Donatus 
was its first abbot. It was richly endowed by the 
founder. The charter of foundation was witnessed by 

1 That is between Clare Castle and 3 Annals of the Four Masters, A.D. 

Clareen bridge, near Ennis. 1270. 

- Arch Jail. —Ibid. 


M. Archbishop of Cashel ; D. (Dermot) Bishop of Killaloe ; 
A. Bishop of Fenabore ; and B. Bishop of Limerick. 1 

A.D. I461. Thady, Bishop of Killaloe, exemplified King 
Donald's ancient charter in this monastery. 2 

A.D. 1543. King Henry VIII. granted the abbey to 
the Baron of Ibrickan, together with a moiety of the rec- 
tories of Kilchreest, Kilmaley, Kilmacduane, Ballinregdan 
Ballylogheran, and Ballyligford. 3 

A.D. 1589. 14th January. Inquisition of this date finds 
that Sir Donald O'Brien, of Ennistymon, Knt., was seized 
in fee of a moiety of the tithes of this abbey : annual 
value, £6 1 $s. 4^ 

A.D. 1620. January 19th. This abbey was granted in 
fee to Donogh, Earl of Thomond, and a new grant con- 
firming same was made 1st September, 1661 to Henry, 
Earl of Thomond. 5 

Clare abbey is still in good preservation, with a lofty 
square tower at the junction of the nave and choir. 

In the townland of Killow, in Irish Cill-Lugha, is 
another church in good preservation, with a burial ground 
attached. Perhaps this St. Lugh is one of the Irish 
saints of that name who are venerated on the 16th of June 
and 1st of July. 6 Two castles existed in this parish, one at 
Clare, belonging in 1580 to the Earl of Thomond, and the 
other at Island Magrath, the property of MacGrath. No 
trace of the "latter remains. 


This was the tribe name of the O'Gradys, and it became, 
as usually happened, the name of their country. From the 
History of the Wars of Thomond it appears that the 

1 King, p. 203. Apud ArchdsJl, 4 Inquisitions (Thomond), in same 

JMcnast. Hib. office. 

" Ibid. 5 Rolls, in same office. 

3 Rolls (Thomond), in Record Office, 8 Mart] rology of Donegal. 




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O'Gradys were originally settled in the parish of Killona- 
soolagh. After the Ui Bloid, that is, the O'Shanahans, 
O'Kennedys, etc., had been driven out by the descendants 
of Turlogh O'Brien, aided by the MacNamaras, the O'Gradys 
were placed at Tomgraney, and their tribe name, of Ui 
Donghaile transferred to the territory of which they got 
possession. That district comprised the parishes of Tom- 
grany, Moynoe, Iniscaltra, and Clonrush. Of these the two 
latter are now included in the County of Gaiway, though 
within the present century the parish of Iniscaltra was 
accounted part of the County of Clare. Both, however, 
belong to the diocese of Killaloe, being in the deanery of 
O'Mullod. That the country allotted to the O'Gradys in 
13 18 had been, previously to that period, a part of the 
lands of the Ui Bloid, is sufficiently proved by the fact that, 
in the ecclesiastical division, it is a part of the deanery of Ui 
Bloid. In addition to this, it is distinctly mentioned in the 
History of the Wars of Thomond 'that the church of Moynoe 
was the hereditary Tarmon of the race of Blod. 1 

As is apparent from the annals and records of the country, 
the family of O'Grady long continued to be owners of 
property and to be men of influence in this district. They 
were always distinguished for the kindliness of their deal- 
ings with their dependents, and in 1S2S their representative, 
Mr. Brady of Raheen, was almost the only Protestant in 
Clare who recognised the right of his Catholic fellow- 
citizens to emancipation by voting for O'Connell at the 
memorable election of that year. We give the following 
references to the O'Gradys, taken from various authorities : 
A.D. 131 1. Donald O'Grady, Lord of Cincl Dongaile, was 
slain on the battle field by O'Brien. 2 A.D. 1408. Teige 
O'Grady, Chief of Cinel Dongaile, died. 3 In 1543, with 
the design of breaking up the ancient Irish tenures, and 

1 See History of the Wars of T/10- s Attn. Four Masters, 

ptcnJ A .n. i 3I s. See a i so Liber 
Af&tis Visitations and Annals of » Idem. 

I- cur J/asfers, 1564, i S9 S. 


substituting for them the English feudal system, Henry VI II. 
granted by patent to Sir Donogh O'Grady, " Captain of his 
nation," all lands " to which he might have a right." He 
was succeeded by his son Edmond, who died in 1567, 
without issue, leaving his estates to Daniel O'Brady. 1 In 
1582, John O'Grady, alias Brady,* 2 gent, son of Sir Donogh, 
deceased, and Hugh Brady obtained a grant of Torr.grar.ey, 
Ballyduff, Scariff, etc., for ever. 3 This John migrated to 
the County of Limerick, and there founded the family 
which at the present day is so numerous and influential. 

Amongst the Irish Deeds relating to lands in Thomond 
preserved in Trinity College library is one by which 
O'Grady gives over all his property of every kind to the 
Earl of Thomond. In making this assignment he was, 
doubtless, influenced by the expectation that the Earl's 
power would serve as a safeguard to him from the English 
usurpation then impending. How vain the hope was will 
be seen in subsequent pages of this work. We give the 
Deed in extenso as translated by Hardiman : — 

" Emanuel *, Be it known to all who shall read this deed 
of assignment that I, Henry, son of Hugh O'Grady, have 
given all the land and ground, and all my rent in Cinel 
Donghaile, and in every place where it is due to me, and 
every other profit arising from said lands, to Donogh, son 
of Conor O'Brien (fourth Earl of Thomond), and to his 
assigns for ever, from me, my heirs and assigns for ever ; 
and I send Cathal O'Rabhacain and Donogh O'Rabhacain 
as bailiffs with him to put him into possession thereof. . . . 
I give this Deed to the Earl in presence of all those whose 
hands are subscribed this day at ( llunroad, the 4th of the 
month of April 1586. firjf I, 1 1< my O'Grady (ls). The 

1 Clare Inquisitions, 31st July, 20th in 1 \'" : '<■ "' s eldest son and heir suc- 

of Elizabeth. cc< ■'■ '■ ■""• ' lf,, »i him are descended 

- Rot. Pat., 35 Henry VIII. the 1 "'"b '•' IJrady, of Raheen, now 

'This Hugh Brady was the Right rcpi- • ••' c| '•>' Mr. Thomas Brady 

Rev. Hugh Brady, or O'Grady, first Brmvn, el Ncwgrove. 

Trotestant bishop of Meath. He died 


witnesses present at the signing and sealing of the deed by 
me Robert Fentoine, Jacobus Lukeus, R. White." 


There is much obscurity about the history of the origin 
of the church of Tuaim Greine. That the name of the 
founder was Cronan is proved by the fact that the Abbots 
of the place are termed Coarbs of Cronan ; but to which of 
the many saints who bore that name the erection of the 
church is due, it is difficult to decide. No life of Cronan 
of Tuaim Greine is given by Colgan, and until some life of 
the saint is discovered, no correct opinion can be formed 
touching the date of the building of his church. In the 
M arty rology of Donegal wc read at October 19th, "Cronan 
of Tuaim Greine." Dr. Lanigan is inclined to believe that he 
is identical with Cronan, founder of Roscrea, who flourished 
in the latter part of the sixth century. It is certain that 
Cronan of Roscrea had been on the west side of the Shan- 
non, and had formed some religious establishments there 
before he settled at Roscrea. Inchicronain, and Tempul 
Chronain in Carron parish, are probably of his foundation. 
His memory is venerated on the 28th of April. The 
notices in the annals relating to this place are as follow: — 

A.D. 735. Maincheine of Tuaim Greine, died. — Four 

A.D. 744. Conall, Abbot of Tuaim Greine, died.— Ibid. 

A.D. 747. Reachtabhrat Ua Guaire, Abbot of Tuaim 
Greine, died. — Ibid. 

A.D. 789. Cathnia Ua Guaire, Abbot of Tuaim Greine, 
died. — Ibid. 

A.D. 886. The Abbey of Tuaim Greine was plundered. 
— Trias Thaum., p. 634. 

A.D. 949. The Abbey of Tuaim Greine was plundered. 

a.d. 964. Cormac Ua Cilh'n, of the Ui Fiachrach Aidhne 


(Kilmaaduagh), Comarb of Ciaranand Coman,and Comarb 
of Tuaim Greine, by whom the great church of Tuaim 
Greine and its Cloictech were constructed, " Sapiens ct 
Senex, et Episcopus, quievit in Christo " — A.D. 965. l 

A.D. 1002. Donnghal, son of Beon, Abbot of Tuaim 
Greine, died. — Four Mast. 

A.D. 1012. Brian Boroimhe repaired the steeple (Cloig- 
teach) at this time. — Four Mast. 

A.D. 1026. Conall Ua Cillen, successor of Cronan of 
Tuaim Greine, died. 

A.D. 103 1. MacDealbhaeth, successor of Cronan of 
Tuaim Greine, died. 

A.D. 1078. Cormac Ua Beain, successor of Cronan of 
Tuaim Greine, died. 

A.D. 10S4. O'Rourke of Breifne reduced the Abbey to 
ashes. 2 

A.D. 1093. The successor of Cronan of Tuaim Greine 

A.D. 1 100. Macraith Ua Flaithen, successor of Ciaran 
and Cronan of Tuaim Greine, died on his pilgrimage to 

A.D. 1 1 64. The Abbey was again reduced to ashes this 
year. 3 

A.D. 1 170. It was plundered again about this time. 4 

A.D. 1 185. Cenfaela O'Grady, successor of Cronan of 
Tuaim Greine, died. 

A.D. 1485. Nicholas O'Grady, Abbot of Tuaim Greine, 
a charitable and truly hospitable man, who was free in 
Limerick, died. 5 

In the passage quoted above from the Chronicon 

Chmn. Scotorum, p. 217. Lanigan's admirably constructed, and with some 

Ecc. History, Vol. iii. p. 381. addition made to it by Brian Boro- 

" It was at this time also that the imhe. stands to the present day in a 

great church of Tuaim Greine was state of perfect preservation, 

built by Cormac Ua Ciliin, Bishop of -Act S. S. p. 361. 

Tuaim Greine." Keating, B. II., 3 Fid. p. 634. Ann. Four Mast. 

p. S3. 4 Jii.:, p. 634. 

The church built by Ui Cihin was 5 Four J/jst. 


Scotorunty the earliest record of the erection of an Irish 
round tower is to be found, and Keating informs us that 
this of Tomgraney was repaired about forty-three years 
afterwards by Brian Boroimhe. It no longer exists, but 
Dr. Petrie, writing in 1S42, states that, according to the 
tradition of the older natives of the place, some remains 
were to be seen forty years previously. Tomgraney Church 
is now used as a Protestant place of worship. 1 

In the parish of Tomgraney stood the castles of Tom- 
graney and Scariff, both belonging in 1560 to Edmond 
O'Grady. Only one holy well, that of St. Cronan, exists in 
the parish. It is situate in the townland of Currakyle. 


Moyno Norbree was the ancient name of the parish.' 2 
Moyno signifies the plain of the yew tree, but what is the 
signification of the suffix Orbree, no one can tell. The old 
church is in tolerable preservation. Just in the vicinity is 
a ruined arch ; it was probably a gateway leading to the 
Castle of Moynoe, belonging to Edmond O'Grady. A little 
way off is a holy well called Tobar Mochunna, who was the 
patron saint of Feakle, and of this parish as well. The 
Church of Moynoe was burned to the ground in 1084 by 
the Connaughtmen. 3 Under the date of May 21st, the 
anniversary is commemorated of St. Colman Lobhar (the 
leper) of Magh-n-eo in Dalcais. 4 

1 The foregoing information relat- * Annals of Four Masters. 

ing to Tomgraney is transcribed from 

the magnificent work of the Earl of 3 Annals of Four Masters. 

Dunraven, designated Notes on Irish 

Architecture, Vol. i., d. 125. London, 4 Martyrology of Donegal. 






THIS district which borrows its usual designation from 
the tribe name of the O'Deas is often called the Upper 
Triucha Ced, or cantred of Dal-Cais, it being the uppermost 
or most northern division of the original country of the 
Dal-Cais. We have seen above that the barony of Burren, 
lying to the north of it was not part of the country of the 
Dal-Cais, but of the Modruadh. The inhabitants of the 
territory are called Aes-iar-Forgas, i.e., the people located 
westward of the river Fergus, because their country for 
the most part lies at the west of that river. Ui Fermaic, 
with its adjoining sub-denomination of Cuallachta com- 
prised the whole of the present barony of Inchiquin. The 
family of O'Griobtha (O'Griffy), descended from the same 
stock, owned Ui Cuallachta, and the extent of that territory 
is shown in a passage of Magrath's Caithreim Toirdhealb- 
haigh, or Wars of Thomond, so often quoted in this book. 
" De Clare ordered a battalion to proceed along the Fergus 
through the territory of Cincl Cuallachta, as far as Magh 
Dhomhnaigh (Magowna), while he himself with his great 
army marched directly westward to Dysert, where the 
mansion of O'Dea then was, etc." The country called 
Brenti'r Fearmaicach, i.e., the boggy district belonging to 
the Cincl Fearmaic, was also a subdivision of the inherit- 
ance. Ui Fearmaic was bounded on the north by East 
Corcomroe, and by O'Shaughnessy's country called Cincl 
Aodha, on the south by Ui Cormaic, on the west by Corcom- 
roe and by Ui Bracain, and on the east by Ui Caisin. On 
the northern parts of Ui Fearmaic, and around Corofin, the 


kindred family of the O'Quins were settled, and Core-fin 
was described as their principal stronghold. They were 
otherwise designated the Muinter Hefernain. 1 


The name of the parish was derived from some saint 
whose family cannot be ascertained, but who was the 
daughter of Baoth (Inghine Baoith). 2 According to the 
Martyrology of Tallagh, the 2nd of January was the anni- 
versary of Inghine Baoith. The walls of the church are in 
good preservation. Over the doorway is a bas relief carving 
of a dwarf, with its legs crossed, called a sheela na gig. 
The building is of various dates, the west gable appearing 
to be of the eleventh century, and the other parts of the 
fourteenth. Some curious monuments are inserted into the 
walls, thus : 

I.H.S., I.N.R.I. 

" 1644. Under these carvied marbel stones 

Lieth Connor O'Flanagan's body and bones. 

Which monument was made by Ana"bel, his wife. Orate 
pro eis : Laus Deo." 3 

Another tomb has the following : — 

" Loghlen Reagh O'Hehir's Thombe finished by his son 
Andrew O'Hehir in %\ 17 n." 4 

The subjoined inscription is on another tomb : — 

" Sum quod eris ; ideo prome querendo ; — patre Theo- 
baldo de Burgo, vos orare precor. Anno Domini 1764." 

. 1 Topographical Poems of O'Hitidh- Cas, from whom are the Clan Hefernan. 

n«. Niall O'Quin was among the and Neachtan, and the daughters of 

chiefs slain at Clontarf. — Four Mast. Baoith, and the daughters of Gunna, 

A.D. 1 1 70. Dermot O'Quin, chief son of Aillioll. Duald MacFirbis, p. 

of Clan Iffernain, was slain by the 637. 

O'Shaughnessys of Echtghe — Four 3 In 1641— The lands of Carrow- 

* ,/f •'-'•'• meonagh, Crossard, Coad, and Cloony- 

A.n. 11SS. Edaoin, daughter of mullidane, belonged to this Conor 

O'Quin and Queen of Minister, died O' Flanagan.— Book of Distributions 

on her pilgrimage at Derry.— Four and Forfeitures. 

M? st - * In 1641— The lands of Poulcena- 

- Aengus Canaitin, son of Cormac coona were owned by these O'llchirs. 



Others have the following : — 

" Dermod O'Neilan and Teige O'Neilan his brother, for 
them and their heirs, made this sepulchre, 1645." x 

" Ed. Loghlin Oge O'Hehir and Mary Hogan his wife." 

Adjoining the church are the remains of a round tower. 
Only thirteen feet in height are now standing. Two holy 
wells named after the patron saint exist in the vicinity ; 
one a little way off at the east side, and the other about a 
mile away on the south from the church. At the south 
also, but much nearer, another holy well is found dedicated 
to St. Baighdean. Not many years ago, at a short distance 
on the left of the road leading from Killinaboy Church to 
Leamaneh, stood a curious object of antiquity. It was a 
small stone cross, about four feet high, fixed in a rough 
native rock in the middle of a field, and its history is given 
by Eugene O'Curry, who saw it in 1839. He says that 
from time immemorial it was known as " Cros Innawee" 
and that it was one of three which marked the Termon or 
church-lands of that saint The other two, which have 
long since disappeared were at Elmvale, called in Irish 
Tigli na Croise, and at Crossard, a quarter of a mile further 
south. In the parish of Killinaboy stand the remains of 
the church of Coad, said to have been built by the cele- 
brated Mauria Roe, the wife of Conor O'Brien, of Leamaneh, 
as a chapel of ease, with a view to vex the rector of the 
parish of Killinaboy, with whom she had some quarrel. 2 Coad 
seems to have been the burial place of the MacGormans of 
Ibrickan, at least, in latter times. Adjoining the village 
of Corofin is the ruin of the old church of Kilvoydan ; the 
grave yard attached is still used as a burying place. 

Dr. Petrie, from its architectural character, supposed 

1 In 1641 — Part of Coad and tion : "Here lyes the bodies of Mary 

Cloonymillidane was owned by and Sianun Ui Brian, daughters of 

Dermod Oge O'Neilan. — Book of Conor O'Brien and Mary O'Brien, 

Distributions and Forfeitures. alias Mahon of Leiminea^h. Anno 

- Two of her children are buried Domini, 1651." 
there, and their tomb has this inberip- 

■ i i, ■ ■ *■ . i ■ I 

■■■■■ j 7 «f "•'■' ,i ! »;. '•-'"-' 

•« 'I ■ •' ' ..* ! i- ' >..v" / , 

* ' ■•.'* \ ■ i ■.'-■■ i 

;;•- *> 



,,,- J!-vJ^\- ? /.;;,.V 

.* a 


that the castle of Inchiquin was built by Teige-an-Chomhaid, 
(nowCoad) O'Brien, who died in 1466. In the year 1542 it 
belonged to Turlogh, son of Murrogh, first baron of Inchi- 
quin, and in 1580 to Murrogh, fourth baron. It stands on 
the margin of the beautiful lake of that name, but it is much 
injured by time and by Cromwell's followers. The castle of 
Killinaboy, now utterly ruined, was owned in 1580 by Sir 
Daniel O'Brien ; that of Ballyporty, still almost entire, by 
Mahone, son of Brian O'Brien. The castle of Leimaneh, 
formerly the residence of that branch of the O'Briens from 
which Lord Inchiquin descends, is situated also in the 
parish of Killinaboy. It is in a tolerable state of preserva- 
tion, and its size and surroundings attest the importance of 
the family by whom it was inhabited. In 1580 it was the 
property of Teige, son of Murrogh (the Tanist, first baron 
of Inchiquin). An inscription is found over the entrance 
porch in the following words : — " This was built in the year 
of our Lord 1648, by Connor O'Brien, and by Mary-ni- 
Mahone, wife of the said Connor." The parish of Killinaboy 
contains numerous ancient cahers, cairns, and cromleachs, 
obviously of the highest antiquity, but with no historical 
means of identifying them. The townland of Leana in 
particular abounds with these memorials of the past. The 
road that passes from Corofin (Coradh Finne, the weir of 
Finnia, awoman's name), to Killinaboy Church, was anciently 
called Bothar-na-tnac-riogh (the road of the king's sons), 
and it is frequently referred to in the old chronicles of 
Thomond. 1 Corofin was sometimes called in Irish Finn 
Coradh, the white weir. 2 

The lands mentioned in the following Deed, translated 
from the Irish original, in the fifteenth volume of the Trans- 
actions of the Royal Irish Academy No. 31, are situate in 
this parish : " In the name of God. This writing makcth 

1 Annals of Four Masters, a.d. the finding of the head of Eochaidh 

1573- Wars of Thomond. a d. 1317. Luchta, King of Thomond, in the 

- Four Masters, a.d. 1157, where first century, at Corofin, is alluded to. 





.• : vi ^' 






known that Donogh Duv MacConsidine of Drummoher 
acknowledges that the mortgage which he had upon that 
part of the Ouartermeer (townland) of Gortanchrochaire, 
awarded to Dermot, son of Edmond O'Dea, shall be held by 
said Dermot, his heirs and assigns for ever, from him the 
said Donogh his heirs and assigns : said Donogh also 
acknowledges to have received full consideration from said 
Dermot for said mortage of the aforesaid land. In testimony 
whereof the said Donogh signs these presents with the 
witnesses hereunto. The witnesses present at this writ- 
ing are, God in the first place, Mahone, son of Donald 
MacConsidine, and Dermot O'Flanagan. Dermot Oge 
O'Neallan wrote this by the consent of said Donogh 
MacConsidine and at his request. Written at Drummoher 
the 24th day of October 1587. jfcjr" I. Donogh MacConsi- 
din : Dermitius Xeallain Testis." 

" Copia vera, examinata et concordans cum originali, 
coram nobis, infrascriptis ; Do. Myagh. — John Gold." 

The parish priest of Corofin has in his possession three 
chalices with the following inscriptions : — 

1. " Calix benedictionis cui benedicimus nonne com- 
municatio sanguinis Christi est 1 Cor. x. D. Robertus 
Arthurus, et Margarita Blake ejus soror,Deooptimomaximo 

2. " Ex dono Thadaei Daly, Renaldus O'Kelly sacerdos 

3. " Orate pro anima Jacobi O'Gripha sacerdotis, qui 
me fieri fecit. Anno Dni 1670." 


The existing remains of the church of this parish are 
not to be regarded as those of the primitive one. They 
are of the fourteenth century, and present no particular 
feature of interest. It was dedicated to St. Caoide, of whose 
life Colgan could discover no traces in history. His festival 


was annually celebrated here on the 3rd of March. 1 
Attached to the church is a small chapel built by the 
family of O'Maolain (now anglicised Moylan), as appears 
by this inscription : " 1706. I. H. S. This tumbe is made by 
Fa. Con. Mullan for him and his family in his ancestors' 
chaple, to whom God be merciful." In the enumeration of 
the castles of Thomond in 1580, the following belonging to 
this parish are given : — Cloonselherney and Carrownagowle, 
owned by Dermot OBrien ; Baunkippaun and Dcrryowcn by 
the Baron of Inchiquin; KilkeedyandCloonduanbyMahone, 
O'Brien his son ; and Moyree by the Earl of Thomond. 
At the townland of Monreagh is situated the bridge and 
ford of Lochid, mentioned by Cormac MacCullenan in a 
poem on the boundaries of Thomond, and by Keating 
in the reign of Diarmaid, son of Fergus Cairbhcoil, as 
Bealach na Luchaide. It is referred to by the Four- blasters 
under the year 1 564. Magrath, in his Wars of TJiomond, and 
the Four Masters advert to the pass of Bealach an-Fiadh- 
fhail (Forest of the rock), now the direct road leading from 
Corofin through Rockforest to Gort. At Kells, (in Irish 
Cealla), existed an ancient church the site of which is now 
scarcely traceable. Coill-o-Flanchada was the ancient 
name of the wood of Rockforest. 2 A church called 
Kiltackey is found in the neighbourhood of Boston, with 
part of the east gable only remaining. From the 
cyclopean character of the masonry we may infer that the 
building is of remote antiquity. It is surrounded by a. 
burial ground. 


Although the name of this parish is not, strictly speaking 
of ecclesiastical origin, yet the term is scarcely ever 
dissociated from the name of some hoi)' person who made 

1 Reference is made at the date of 2 Annals of Four Masters, A.D. 

the 3rd of March by Father O'llanlon 1599. 
{Lives of the Irish Saints) to a St. 


the wilderness (Dysert) his home. Tola was the saint 
who founded his church here ; l hence the place was called 
Dysert Tola, and in latter times Dysert. O'Dea. Of St. 
Tola almost nothing is,, known but that he died 
on the 30th of March, 734. His church, as at present 
existing, is a ruin in good preservation, with a nave and 
choir, separated by a fine arch. The door in the south 
wall is a remarkable object, on account of its fine sculpture. 
Drawings of it appear in various works devoted to the 
illustration of Irish antiquities. A window in the west 
gable is also beautifully ornamented. In the north wall of 
the choir a monumental stone is inserted with the following 
inscription : " This tomb was erected by Michael O'Dea 2 
of Disert, son of Conor Crone O'Dea, the second day of May, 
in the year of our Lord 16S4, wherein was interred Joan 
Dea, alias Butler, wife of the said Michael O'Dea, the 
eleventh of November following. Est commune mori : 
mors nulli parcit : honori debi liset (?) fortis veneunt (?) ad 
funera mortis." Another tomb stone has this inscription : 
" Here lies the body of Honora MacNamara, wife of William 
Neylan Esquire ; and the body of Celia O'Brien, the wife of 
Captain Daniel Neylan ; 3 Celia dyed the 8th day of April, 

A few feet distant from the church is a ruined round 
tower, about sixty feet in height as it stands at present. 
One side of it has fallen to within twelve feet of the earth. 
Its door at top is circular, and is placed at a height of 
twelve feet, but a modern doorway has been opened at the 
level of the ground. 4 

1 " Disert Tola in the upper part of merit of Infantry in the army of James 

Dal Cais, in 'I homond. He was of II. — See King /awes' Irish. Army 

the race of Corbmac. son of Teiye, List, by John Dalton, Vol. ii., page 

son of Cian, son of Oilioll Olum." — 703. 
Martyrol^y of Donegal, March 30th. 4 An exquisite pen and ink sketch 

2 A.D. 1311. Loghlen Reagh O'Dea of Dysert church and round tower, 

was slain by Mahrme, son of Donald made by Mr. Wakeman. will be found 

Connaghtagh O'Brien. — Four it asters in one of the volumes of the Ordnance 

3 Captain Daniel Neylan belonged Survey Letters from Clin in the 

to Colonel Charles O'Brien's Regi- Library of the Royal Irish Academy. 

, THIS cross ytxs \ 

/MICHAEL. ODEA SON \ »*#*»? 

fOF CONNOR CROME 00 tA\»~^'^~ >" 
IN THE YEAR 1683 \ ~ V s *T ; . 







On the east side of the church and round tower, at a 
distance of sixty yards, stands a cross, fixed in a pedestal, 
the height of both being about twelve feet. On the upper 
part of the cross there is a representation of the crucifixion, 
with the head of the Saviour movable and inserted in a 
hollow cut for it into the stone. On its shaft the figure of a 
bishop is carved in relief, with his pastoral staff in his left 
hand. The back and sides of the cross are carved in the 
most elaborate style of Irish interlaced work. The 
pedestal has the following inscription : " This cross was 
newly repaired by Michael O'Dea, son of Conor Crone 
O'Dea, in the year 1683." At a little distance is found a 
well dedicated to St. Tola. It was at Dysert, that in 13 18, 
the battle was fought between De Clare and the Irish, in 
which that nobleman was killed, his army routed and cut 
to pieces, and the power of the English in-Thomond 
annihilated, so to remain for the subsequent two hundred 
and seventy years. About a mile to the east of Dysert 
church is a disused burying-ground called Mainister-na- 
stratha-dhubhe, i.e., the monastery of the black sward, and 
Cill Lionain. Dysert contains the remains of the castles of 
Dysert, belonging in 1580 to Daniel Maoel O'Dea, 1 and 
BallygrifTy, belonging to O'GrifTy. 2 


Inagh church, called in Irish Teampul-duv-na-h'Eidh- 
nighe, appears to have had no particular patron saint. Only 
one castle, that of Bothneill, now very much dilapidated, and 

a A.D. 15SS. O'Dea. i.e., Mahone, 2 a.d. 15SS. William, sonof Donald, 

the son of Loghlen, son of Rory, son i.e., "the doctor," son of Auliffe, 

of Muirceadach, son of Mahone Boy, son of Donald O'Xeallan, was slain 

Lord of Cinel Fearmaic, died. — Four in the doorway of the monastery 

A/asters. of Fnnis by the sons of O'Greefa, 

159S. Dermot, son of Fdmond. son namely, the sons of John, son of 

of Rory O'Dea, of Tulla Q*Dca John, son of Teige, son o( Loi;hlen. 

was killed by the insurgents of the — lour Masters. 
County Clare. —Four Masters. 


belonging in 1580 to Teige, son of Murrogh O'Brien, is 
found in the parish. Immediately near the castle of 
Bothneill is a stone called cloch-an-argaid, curiously carved 
with Ogham characters. Inagh was anciently called 
Breintir Fearmacach agus Cormacach, that is the fetid 
district of Cinel Fearmaic and Cormaic. It is now called 
Breintre, and consists of seven townlands lying north-east 
of Sliabh Callain (Mount Callan). 

Mount Callan is situated in Inagh. An Ogham stone 
found there has been the subject of much discussion 
as to the true interpretation of an inscription which it 
bears. In 1785 Theophilus O'Flanagan read a paper, pub- 
lished in the first number relating to Antiquities of the 
Transactions of the Royal Irish Academy on the subject 
of this inscription. He gave an interpretation purporting 
to be a repetition of a fact founded upon some lines said 
to be part of an ancient Irish poem called the Battle of 
GabJira, and which in substance sets forth that Conan, one of 
the Fenian heroes, had been slain there by the Fianna on 
the occasion of an assembly held for worship of the sun. 
O'Flanagan adds that Conan's name in Ogham characters 
was carved on his sepulchral stone. These statements were 
vehemently denied by O'Curry and by O'Donovan, who 
allege that no copy of the Battle of Gabhra made before 
1780, contains any allusion to fire worship or Mount 
Callan in connection with Conan ; and that the subject of 
fire-worship, which it is not proved ever existed in Ireland 
at all, was introduced to please General Vallancey and 
other pseudo Irish antiquarians. With a view to settle the 
question, Sir Samuel Ferguson, the late President of the 
Royal Irish Acadamy, proceeded to make three personal 
inspections of the stone 1868— 1S72, but he was unable to 
satisfy himself as to the true reading of the inscription. 
In 1844 the place was visited by Professor O'Looney of the 
Catholic University, and again in 1859. His reading of 
the legend is as follows : " Fan lia do lica Conaf (n) 


COLGAC COSOBADA (c). Under this stone is laid Conaf (n) 
the fierce [and] turbulent." The letter c is added from 
conjecture as to its former existence on a part of the stone 
now broken off. It will be seen that no allusion whatever 
is made to fire-worship in the version of Professor 
O'Looney — neither is the name identical. At a short dis- 
tance from the stone stood the remains of a Cromlech called 
altoir-na-Greme (altar of the sun), which until a recent 
period was the scene of popular assemblies of the country 
people upon stated days in each year; It is not improbable 
that this name, taken in connection with that of Conan, on 
the Ogham stone, suggested to O'Flanagan the possibility 
that sun-worship was practised at the place in former 
ages. 1 


Properly speaking the name of this parish is Rath 
Blathmaic, from its patron saint of that name, whose festival 
day was the 24th of July. 2 The existing church stands on 
the site of a much older building long since demolished, and 
is in good preservation. It consisted of a nave and chancel. 
At a little distance is the Rath of Blathmac constructed of 
earth. In the parish of Rath is situate the hill of Ceann 
Sleibhe, rising over the beautiful lake of Inchiquin and 
made the scene of one of the ancient romantic Fenian tales 
called Fcis-tigh-chonain, that is the Feast of the House of 
Conan. In the story Finn-mac-Cumhaill and his faithful 
hound Bran are conspicuous figures. The ancient name of 
the hill was Ceann Nathrack, and it gave his name to 
Aengus Ceann Nathrach, the fifth son of Cas and ancestor 
of the family of O'Dea. 3 At the foot of Ceann Sleibhe 

1 See the whole subject of the An- Irish Academy, Vol. i., ser. 2, Xos. 10, 

tiquities on Mount Calkin discussed II. 

with much acumen by Sir Samuel - Leabhar-na-Ceart, by John O" Do- 
Ferguson and by Professor O'Loo- novan, p. 93. 
ney in the Proceedings of the Royal 3 Martyrology of Donegal. 


the old causeway called Coraidh-mic-Owen crossed the 
Fergus just near the bridge at Clifden. Not far from the 
church of Rath, on the west side, stands the hill of Scabhal 
mentioned in the History of the Wars of Thomond. The 
following castles are enumerated as belonging to this 
parish, with their owners in 1580 — Carrowduff, Mahone, 
son of Brian O'Brien ; Tirmicbran (now Adelphi), the 
same owner ; Cragcorcrain, Murtagh Garv O'Brien j 1 Rath, 
the same owner ; Dromenglass (now Cregmoher), Teige 
MacMurrogh O'Brien. A curious legend is related of the 
lake of Rath, situated near the old parochial church. It is 
to the effect that an amphibious monster in the form of a 
badger suddenly appeared in the lake in the early part of 
the sixth century. The lake was thenceforward called 
Loch Broicsighe in consequence, and high up on the 
neighbouring hill was a cave named Poll-na-Brocuidh for 
the same reason. The badger issued from the lake and 
committed daily depredations upon the people and cattle 
of the surrounding country. Recourse was had to the 
clergy for their protection. Saints Blathmac, Maeldalna, 
and MacAiblen, who then happened to be on the spot 
promptly responded. A general meeting was held, and 
suddenly the monster appeared, driving droves of cattle 
before him towards the water. The people and clergy 
raised a great shout, rung their bells (Cluice) and their 
Ceolana, made a great noise with their reliquaries and 
croziers, and in every way sought to frighten the wild 
beast. In vain ; he only became more ferocious, and it 
was reserved for Saint MacCreiche of Ennistymon to 
conquer him. That holy man chained him in the bot- 
tom of the lake. The legend here sketched is tradi- 
tionally well remembered in the locality, and the bells 
and Ceolana supposed to have belonged to St. Blathmac 

1 The death of this Murtagh Garv is corcrain. He was a sensible sedate 

thus set down by the /'<>//>- Master*: youth, who never received blame or 

"A.i.. 1584, Murtagh Garv, son reproach, disrespect nor insult. He 

of Brian, son of Teige, died at Craig- was 1 urie 1 in the Abbey of Ennis." 


have passed into the collection of the Royal Irish Aca- 
demy. 1 


In the townland of the same name stand the remains of 
the old church of Kilnamona (Church of the bog), which yet 
continue in a state of tolerable preservation. At a little 
distance is a holy well dedicated to St. Lachtain, the same 
whose festival is observed at Freshford, in the county of 
Kilkenny, on the 19th of March. This parish is unusually 
destitute of objects of antiquity, only the castle of Magowna, 
belonging in 15S0 to Mahone O'Dea, and that of Shallce, 
owned the same year by Brien Duv. O'Brien, standing 
within its boundaries. 


The ruined church of Ruan contains a votive chapel 
with a tomb exhibiting the following inscription : 

"This chapel and tomb were erected by Dermot 
O'Kerine of Owan, for him and his posterities' use, 168S. 
En mors ante fores, mundi si quaeris honores, crimina 
deplores, pro me te deprecor ores." 

The O'Griffys of Cloon-na-clochane have a monumen- 
tal stone within the church. In the townlands of Kilkee 
East and of Portlecka in the parish, are burial grounds. 
On Bealnalicka are found the remains of a castle which 
belonged to Mahone O'Dea ; at Portlecka stood another 
castle, but we have no account of the name of the owner ; 
and at Dromore is a castle in excellent preservation, with 
this inscription : 

" This castle was built by Teige, second son to Connor, 

J Sce O'Curry's Lectures on the MSS. Cath. Univ. Lives of Saints. 

Manntrs and Cu->, m* of tltp Ancient Vol. i.. p. 345. See also note on the 

Irish, Lee. \xv., Vol. 3. p. 332. See above passage by Professor O'Lou- 

also Life of St. AJacCreiiAe, U'Curry ney. 


Third Earle of Thomond, and by Slaney O'Brien, wife to 
the said Teige. Anno. D." 

In the parish of Ruan is situate Tullaghodea, a place 
frequently mentioned by the Annalists, and by Magrath in 
his History of the Wars of Thomond, Ballybrody r Kilkee, 
and Littermoylan, long the property of the family of Mac 
Brody, are situated in the parish. The MacBrodys were 
hereditary poets and- historians of the O'Briens of Thomond, 
and the references to members of their family arc very 
numerous in the records of Ireland. Prefixed to the Annals 
of the Four Masters and to the Martyrology of Donegal, 
both works of great erudition, are certificates of various 
learned men, among which are two from Conor MacBrody, 
son of Maolin Oge, setting forth that they had been sub- 
mitted to him for perusal, and that he found them erudite 
and accurate in even,- respect. The documents expressing 
these opinions are dated the nth of November, 1636, not 
many years before MacBrody and his kindred were de- 
prived for ever of the hereditary lands that had belonged 
to them for so many centuries ; these were held by 
them, free from all tribute, by virtue of their office of 
chroniclers of the kings and people of Thomond. Deprived 
of education, their descendants quickly sunk from the 
position of gentlemen and scholars to the condition of 
unlettered peasants. Under the year 1595, the Annals of 
the Four Masters record the death, at Lettermoylan, of an 
eminent literary man, who, no doubt, at the time was on a 
visit to his brother historian. His name was Maccon 
O'Clery, Ollav in history of O'Donnell of Tyrconnell, and 
a member of the honourable family of that name, to whom, 
as transcribers of the records of Ireland, so much credit is 
due. It is scarcely necessary to add that the Annals of the 
Four Masters, one of the most perfect historical records 
possessed by any country, has been the compilation mainly 
of the brothers O'Clery, relations of the man whose death 
is here recorded. Subjoined we give such other refer- 


ences to the family of MacBrody as are found in these 
Annals : 

"A.D. 1564. Dermot, son of Conor, son of Dermot, son 
of John MacBrody, Ollav of Ui Brecain and Ui Fearmaic, 
died, and his brother Maolin succeeded him. 

"A.D. 1582. Maolin MacBrody, son of Conor, son of 
Dermot, son of John, Ollav to O'Brien in history, died, and 
his kinsman Gilla Brighde, was elected in his place. 

"A.D. 1601. MacBrody, i.e., Maolin Ogc, son of Maolin, 
son of Conor, died. There was not in Ireland a better 
historian, poet, and rhymer than he." 


The district of Gleann Omra was known as the country 
of the O'Kennedys, who bore the tribe name of Sliocht 
Donchuain. 1 It is exactly co-extensive with the parish of 
Killokennedy. The O'Kennedys were driven out of this 
territory by the MacNamaras during the struggles between 
the descendants of Turlogh and Brian Roe O'Brien. They 
settled at the east side of the Shannon, in the baronies of 
Upper and Lower Ormond, and in that country of their 
adoption they became far more powerful than they had 
ever been in their ancient home in Thomond. The parish 
church, called after their name Killokennedy is long since 
in ruins, but it is surrounded by a burial ground largely 
availed of by the country people around. A disused grave- 
yard is also found in the parish, as well as three holy wells, 
dedicated respectively to St. Cronan, St. Slaney, and to 
certain nuns (Tobernamanrielta). Who these holy women 
were cannot be ascertained. The remains of one castle, 
that of Glenomera now entirely destroyed, existed in the 
district. It was the property in 1580 of Turlogh, son of 
Daniel Roc MacNamara. St. Cronan of Tomgraney, 
there can be little doubt, was the patron of the parish." 

1 See QrHccriris Topography, and AfagratA's Wars of Thomond. 


Beside his well grows a very large ash tree which, according 
to an inscription on a stone near it, was planted by W. 
Doogan, P.P., in the year 1733. The tomb of this priest is 
in the churchyard. It was erected by himself long before 
his death. 

" This thomb was erected by William O'Doogan, Rector 
of the parish of Killalowe, Killsealy, and Killogcncdy, 


Ui Bracain was a part of the country of the Corcabaskin 
until the end of the twelfth century, when the Leinster 
family of MacGorman settled in it under the auspices of 
O'Brien. The MacGormans flourished for a long time in 
Leinster, under the tribe name of Ui Bairrche, being des- 
cendants of Daire Barrach, son of Cathaoir More, monarch 
of Ireland in the second century. Their country comprised 
the barony of Slieve Margy in the Queen's County, and a 
part of the level plain around the town of Carlow. It is 
highly probable they were driven out by the Lord Walter 
de Riddlesford, who became master of Carlow about the 
time here mentioned. The first of the family who came to 
Munster was Murtagh, the son of Donogh MacGorman, 
whose descendants continued to bear the tribe name of 
Breacain. The MacBrodys were the Ollaves of the 
Ui Breacain and of the Ui Fearmaic families. In a 
curious poem of Maoelin Oge MacBrody, he says that after 
the expulsion of the MacGormans from their original pos- 
sessions, a party of them proceeded to Ulster, and another 
migrated westwards with their cattle to Daire Seanleath in 
Uaithne Cliach * in Munster, where they greatly multiplied. 
Thence they removed to the country of the O'Briens and 
settled in the district of Ibrickan. There, according to 
MacBrody, they had been before his time for four hundred 
years, nourishing poets and feeding the poor. From various 

1 Uaithne Cliach is the modern barony of Owney, in the county of Limerick. 



passages in the annalists it is evident they were what in 
Irish legal phrase was called Brugh Fir, that is to say men 
who, being possessed of certain Baile Biathaics, were obliged 
by their tenure to keep open houses of general hospitality 
for wayfarers. Several references to members of the 
family are made in the annals and records of the country. 
In 1413, Cu-abha MacGorman died. 1 In 14S4, died 
Donald MacGorman of Ibrickan, one of O'Brien's servants 
of trust, who kept a house of general hospitality, and was 
the richest man in Ireland in live stock. In 1580, Melaghlin 
MacGorman died, and his estates of Drumcllihy and 
Cahermurogh (Cahermurphy, parish of Kilmihil) descended 
to his son and heir Dermot.- Mahone MacGorman, son 
of Dun, was the proprietor of Cahermurogh and other 
lands adjoining in 1594, as appears from the following 
document : — 3 

" Be it known to all who shall read these presents that 
I, Mahone, son of Dun MacGorman, of Caher Murogh, in 
the county of Clare, in consideration of the fulfilment of an 
award made between me and the Honorable Lord the Earl 
of Thomond, and for other lawful considerations, on sur- 
rendering my right and title to the one-third which belongs 
to me, in right of my wife Judith MacGorman, of the castle 
and lands of Dunmore, 4 and all other lands held by Donogh 
son of Dermot MacFermacaigh, belonging to said Judith in 
right of her husband from the aforesaid Earl, do hereby 
assign my right and title to said one-third of said Castle of 
Dunmore to the said Earl ; and for warranting same to the 
said Earl against every other person, I, the aforesaid 
Mahone, do set my hand and seal unto these presents at 
Cuivrencolly, the 25th day of September, 1594. 

The mark of Mahone MacGorman (l.s.) 

» Annals of Four Ms!>rs. 3 Ancient M$k Deed Nq> ^ _ 

-iNote by lames Hardiman in his Ibid 

Transcript of Irish Deeds,- Trans- * In the Annals of the Four Masters 

actions of Royal Irish Acadtmy, under the year 1599. this place is 

ol * xv ' called Dunmore-mic-an-Fearmacaigh. 


Being present at the signing, sealing and delivering hereof — 
" Teige MacBrody, Dermod MacBrody." 

In 1641, Daniel and Cahir MacGorman were proprietors 
of Drumellihy, while Cahermurphy belonged to Daniel 
MacGorman the elder, Daniel MacGorman the younger, 
Conor MacGorman, Thomas MacGorman, Teige Mac- 
Gorman, Manchan MacGorman, and Scanlan MacGor. 
man. 1 

Attached to the old church at Coad, near Corofin, is a 
little chapel in ruins, which seems from the following 
inscriptions to have been the burial place of the Mac- 
Gormans in later times : — 1. "Arms ; crest, a hand hold- 
ing a spear ; motto, Primi et ultimi in bello. Thomas 
MacGorman de Cahermorichu, hanc cappellam sibi .et suis 
posteris fieri fecit Anno Dni. 1735. 2. Primi et ultimi in 
bello. This chapel was built by Thomas MacGorman." 2 

The late Chevalier O'Gorman was the first to lay aside 
the Mac and take the O instead. He was the compiler 
of several works relating to Genealogy and Irish history, 
on which subjects he left various manuscripts, now collected 
in the library of the Royal Irish Academy. He married 
the sister of the celebrated Chevalier d'Eon, who so long 
passed as a female, until his assumed sex was disproved 
after death. By this lady O'Gorman obtained a consider- 
able property in Burgundy, and he was accustomed to 
make periodical visits to Ireland, with a view to a sale of 
the wine produced on his estate. He was a very fine 
looking Irishman, being six feet six inches in height. 3 He 
died in 1S10 at Drumellihy, the ancient inheritance of his 
forefathers, but no longer their property. 

1 Bock of Distribution-* and Ftr- daughter of Donogh O'Loghlen of 
feitures. — Irish Record Ofnce, Dub- Castietown, by his wife Celia, daugh- 

lin. ter of Donogh O'Brien of Newtown. 

2 Thomas MacGorman was mar- The:r son Thomas emigrated to 
ried to Alicia, daughter of Colonel France, was Captain of Infantry, and 
O'Dempsey, of Clanmalier, Queen's Knight of St. Louis. 

county. Their son Matthew Mac- s See Essays by an Octogenarian. — 

Gorman was married to Margaret, ( Roche;, Cork, 1S51. 



We subjoin other references to the family of MacGorman 
of Ibrickan, taken from the Annals of the Four Masters. 

"A.D. 1545- Teige, son of Thomas, son of Scanlan, son 
of Dermot MacGorman, was unbecomingly slain by the 
sons of Murtagh MacGorman. 

a.d. 1 571. Melaghlin, son of Thomas, son of Melaghlin 
Duv MacGorman, supporter of the indigent, and of a house 
of hospitality, died. 

A.D. 15.75. Donald, son of Dermot, son of Melaghlin 
MacGorman, died in the spring. He was a servant of 
trust, who of all his tribe, in his time, bore the best name 
and character for dexterity of hand and hospitality. 

A.D. 1577. MacGorman of Ibrickan, i.e., Thomas Oge, 
the son of Thomas, son of Melaghlin Duv, died, and his 
kinsman, Seoinin, was installed in his place. 

A.D. 1580. Donogh, son of Melaghlin, son. of Melaghlin 
Duv Mac Gorman, died." 

A remarkable occurrence connected with Ibrickan is re- 
corded by the annalists under the year A.D. S04. 1 They state 
that on the day before the festival of St. Patrick a great 
wind arose, accompanied by thunder and lightning. The 
sea swelled so high that it burst its boundaries, overflowing 
a large tract of country, and drowning over one thousand 
persons. The island of Fitha, now called Mutton Island, 
which had previously formed part of the mainland, was 
separated from it by the sea. Such is the accumulation of 
testimony bearing on this remarkable event that no doubt 
exists of its having happened just as described. From an 
inspection of the coast, it is plain that at some remote 
period, the sea has submerged several hundreds, or even 
thousands, of acres of the land. A constant tradition 
exists in the neighbourhood, that the sea has encroached 
upon land along the west coast of Thomond, and the 
people tell of a church of St Stephen, the tower of which. 

1 Four Masters. Annals of Ulster. Cod. CLir. 49. Annals of Chnmac- 



at low water, on clear days, can be discerned beneath the 
waves. In the Down Survey Map of the county of Clare, 1 
as well as in other ancient maps of the county, we observe 
three islands set down where only two exist at the present 
time namely Mutton Island, and another small island, or 
rather rock, lying at the south side of it. 

The following curious document seems to refer to some 
lands in Ibrickan. It is taken from the collection of 
ancient Irish Deeds published by Mr. Hardiman in the 
fifteenth volume of the Transactions of the Royal Irish 
Academy .- 

" Testamentum, A.D. 1603. — In Dei nomine, Amen. 
Ego Donaldus MacMurucha an Tarymun, non coactus, 
non impulsus, sed mera et propria ac legitima voluntate, 
ad hoc inductus, facio et condo meam ultimam voluntatem 
et testamentum, modo et forma subsequenti. In primis, 
rellegio ac relinquo corpus meum sepeliendum in templo de 
Kilmory-Ibrican. Secundo, rellegio et relinquo Domino 
meo Comiti Donato O'Brien, fceudum meum, seu terram 
scilicit semiquartam existentem in villa de Cassleancalla 
et quacumque alia fceuda seu terras ubicumque sunt aut 
fuerunt, eidem Domino meo Donato per praesentes relinquo. 
Tertio, rellegio et relinquo Johanni O'Grina gradarium 
meum cum ephippio suo, vice rerum omnium quo post- 
mortem meam consumpserit Quarto rellegio et relinquo 
Domino Donato O'Brien alteram semiquartam vocatam 
Ballicassin. In cujus rci testimonium potestatem impo- 
nendi manum meam atque subscribendi Donato Griffeo 
per presentes concede Datum in Kilmory, secondo die 
mensis Mail, 1603. 

"Donaldus MacMurcha en Tarymun. 

" Donogii O'Gripha. 

" Johaxxis O'GRIFFA, Testis. 


1 Preserved in the Public Record Office, Dublin. 



Professor O'Looney, in a note under the article Kil- 
farboy, in Archdall's Monasticon Hibernicum} gives the 
history of the name and founder of this church. It is, in 
substance as follows : " St. Lachtain, of whom the follow- 
ing notice is given in O'Clery's Calendar, is commemorated 
on the 19th of March. 2 'Lachtain, son of Torben, Abbot 
of Achad Uir, in Ossory,and of Bealach Feabrath, A.D. 622.' 
The situation of Bealach Feabrath had not been previously 
identified, but Professor O'Looney says that it is the name 
of the mountain pass leading from the place now called 
Miltown Malbay to the territory of Corcomroe, through 
that part of Ibrickan anciently known as Bealach Feabrath 
St. Lachtain's church thence got the name of Kilfeabrath 
or Kilfobrick, and afterwards of Kilfarboy." A holy well, 
dedicated to St. Lachtain, is found in the churchyard. 
Stations are there regularly performed on the 19th of 
March. As to the tradition of the neighbourhood, that 
ascribes the name to the fact of certain yellow men, 
Spaniards of the Armada, being buried there, it is simple 
nonsense. It was known as Cill Feabrath centuries before 
the Spanish Armada existed. The old church is in a 
tolerable state of preservation, with an extensive graveyard 
surrounding it. In Moymore townland is another ruined 
church called Teampall-inis-Dia, i.e., the church of the 
Island of God, but why so designated nobody can tell. 
At a little distance is a holy well dedicated to Inghine 
Baoith of Killinaboy. Only one castle is found in the 
parish, that of Moymore, now very much dilapidated. It 
belonged in 15S0 to the Baron of Ibrickan, eldest son of 
the Earl of Thomond. 

In Thomond we find no less than three parishes dedi- 
cated to the Blessed Virgin Mary. The one wc are now 
1 Vol. L, p. 85. a See Martyrology of Donegal 


considering is called Kilmurry Ibrickan, to distinguish it 
from the others. Its church is in a ruinous condition, 
although like all churches dedicated in Ireland to the Holy 
Virgin, it of comparatively modern date. At a little 
distance is a well under the patronage of our Blessed Lady, 
no longer the resort of devotees. In the parish of Kilmurry 
stands the castle of Tromroe, long the residence of the clan 
Teige O'Brien of Arran, as we learn from a document in 
the MS. library of Trinity College, and from Dr. O'Brien's 
Dictionary under the word Tromra. " Tromra or Trom- 
rath, a land or territory in Thomond which was a part of 
the patrimonial estate of the O'Briens of Arran, descended 
from Teige Glae, the third son of Dermot, King of Munster 
in 1 1 20, etc.. The O'Briens of Arran and Tromroe 
are the third in rank, being descended from Dermot's third 
son. They were always sovereign Lords of the Isles of 
Arran in the bay of Galway and of Tromroe in the county 
of Clare until the reign of Queen Elizabeth, as appears by 
an address dated 30th March, 1588, which the mayor and 
sheriffs of the city of Galway wrote in their favour to that 
Queen, wherein it is mentioned that the corporation of that 
city paid to Dermot More O'Brien, grandson of Soan 
Teige or Teige Aluinn, who resided at Tromroe in 1277, 
twelve tuns of wine yearly for protecting their harbour 
from pirates." An authentic copy of that address was pos- 
sessed in the time of Bishop O'Brien by John O'Brien, Esq., 
of Clontis, in the county of Limerick, the then worthy 
direct chief of that princely family. The address further 
adverted to the protection afforded to Galway by Murrogh, 
son of Turlogh, then living, as well as by his ancestors, 
the MacTeiges of Arran, and to the deprivation by the 
O'Flahertys of the ownership, up to that time held by 
him. 1 In the townlands of Finnor, Doonogan, Cahcrrush, 
and Knocknalban are ruins of castles, not one of which is 

'See O'Brien's Dictionary. liar- of Inisf alien, year 1277. Wars of 
diman's History of Galway. Annals Thomond. 


mentioned in the list prepared in the year 1580 for Sir John 
Perrot. What has been the occasion of this omission it is 
impossible to say. Several lioses and holy wells exist in 
Kilmurry parish, the latter dedicated to the Blessed Virgin, 
and to Saints Bridget, Inghinebaoith, Lachtain, Clairthan, 
and Ernan. At Moyglass lived Andrew MacCurtin about 
the year 1730. He was one of the greatest Irish scholars 
of his time. In a poem addressed to the " Fairy Chief of 
the Sand hills " he beseeches Don to take him into her 
service, even in the capacity of a gilly or horse boy, to 
save him from starvation : 

JLac ArreAc me Airi acc (although) gup -OAoir^e 

^5 StoVLaitieacc eAC no mApquiue pot)A 

'S na fAg yA ceAf me a^ ceAcc An c-f^oipe 

Aijt fceijvo Illume jtAiy Am fppeAj* \ Am ]-pionLAch. 


Pedigree of MacGorman (O'Gorman). 1 

Murtagh — first came to Ibrickan from Uaithne. 








Cu-abha died at Quin 1412. Four Masters. 

Melaghlin = IIonoria O'Dea. 

Donn = Catherine FitzGerald. 

Melaghlin Duv = Bridget MacXamara. 

1498. J 

I I I 

Melaghlin Laider. Thomas Oge. Donogh. 

Donald of Cahermorogh = Margaret M'Mahon. 
and D nimellihy. | 

Donn an Fiona d. i626=Johanna Gallery, 
of Cahermurogh and I 
Drumellihy. | 

r i 1 

Denis=Finola Mac Bruodin. d. l66j Mahone= Maria MacMahon. 

I I 

Melaghlin = Anne O'Gorman. d. 1707 Melaghlin = Johanna Harrold. 

Denis = Maria Roche. d. 17 — Thomas = Alice Dempsey. 

James = Christina Harold. d. 1741 Mahone = Margaret O'Loghlen. 
I I 

Thomas = Margaret D*Eon. He James = Susanna Mahon. 

was the Chevalier O'Gorman, who d. at Knock- 
died s. p. A.D. 1S10, at Dromel- lopher Co. 
lihy, buried at Kilfenora. K ilkenny. 

I I 

James d. Nicholas l'ur- Richard Mer- 

s. p. cell O'Gor- chant in 

man, ( >.C. Dublin. 

Major Furrcll Nicholas Smith Richard O'Gor- 

O'Gorman.M.r. O'Gorman, man I'vin" in 

Waterfortl High Slicrill' New Yo"rk, 

City, 187O. Co. Clare, 1S7S. 1875. 

1 Abstracted from Pedigree in Vol. iii.. Fourth Srrios.of the Journal of the 
Royal Historical and Archaeological Association of Ireland t page 480. 




Ui M'Bloid was a generic name for the districts of Ui 
Floinn, Gleann 6mra,and Ui Toirdhealbhaigh. It included 
also a territory lying in Tipperary and Limerick, on the 
east side of the Shannon. According to MacGrath's 
Wars of Thomond the families who inhabited it were those 
of Clan Turlogh and Clan Dcrmot, descendants of a branch 
of the O'Briens; the O'Kenncdys, the O'Gunnings (of 
Castle Connell) ; the O'Coffeys, the O'Shanahans, the 
O'Hogans, the Aherns, the O'Muldoons (Malones) ; the 
O'Duracks (of O'Gonncllo) ; the O'Loncrgans, the O'Fla- 
hertys, the O'Moloneys. As regards those parts of Ui 
M'Bloid situated eastward of the Shannon, as they form 
no portion of the county of Clare, they do not come within 
the scope of this work. We shall proceed to describe 
seriatim the several sub-denominations above-mentioned 
which lie within the boundaries of the county. 


Ui Floinn is often mentioned in MacGrath's Wars of 
Thomond as a sub-division of the country of Ui Bloid, and 
its extent can be ascertained with complete exactness 
from MacNamara's Rental. It comprised the parishes of 
Clonlea, Kilseily, and part of O'Brien's Bridge (Trugh). 
The O'Flynns are scarcely mentioned in history. It is 
stated that Lachtna, the uncle of Brian Boroimhe, fought 
the battle of Magh Duine about the year 953, and slew- 
there O'Floinn, O'Kearney Finn, and O'Kearney Duff. 

As is obvious from the name, Clonlea is not of ecclesi- 
astical origin. Its ancient church is very much ruined ; 
it is encompassed by a graveyard in much use by the 
people of the surrounding neighbourhood. It is said to 
contain the remains of John Cusack of Kilkishin Castle, 
a man who rendered himself obnoxious to the people by 


his acting, according to popular belief, the part of a dis- 
coverer of the estates of the Catholic gentry. It is right to 
say that amongst the "Discoveries" relating to Clare 
preserved in the Public Record Office, Dublin, no trace 
of John Cusack's name can be found. Another burial 
ground exists near the Protestant church of Kilkishen 
one for children in the towland of Enagh, and another at 
Mountallon. On the margin of the lake of Clonlea is a 
holy well dedicated to St. Scnan of Iniscathy. Three 
castles, or at least their remains, are in this parish — that 
of Kilkishen, still in a good state of preservation, belonging 
in 1580 to Rory son of Mahonc MacXamara ; Enagh to 
his brother John, and Montallon to the son of John Mac 
Namara. In the townland of Enagh was held, until within 
the last few years, on the 21st of December, a fair called 
Enagh O'Floinn ; it evidently was of great antiquity, 
seeing that it derived its name from- a people who ceased 
to exist as a sept more than five hundred years ago. 


It is impossible to decide which of the Irish saints 
this parish is dedicated to. In the Martyrologies we find 
mention made of several holy men of the name of Siadhal. 
At the date of February 12th there is Siadhal, son of 
Luath, bishop of Dublin, A.D. 785 ; and again, at March 
8th, we discover another Siadhal of Ceann locha, in the 
county Mayo, whose death occurred in 794. The old 
church of Kilseily is in good preservation, but not of great 
antiquity. A large graveyard surrounds it, and a holy 
well adjoining is dedicated to Seily. The body of the 
chnrch contains a monument of the family of Bridgeman. 1 
The inscription on this tomb is as follows : — 

" This monument was erected by Henry Bridgeman 
Esq. and by Catherine Bridgeman alias St. John, his 
wife, daughter of the Honorable Colonel Thomas St. 

1 Now represented by Mr. Thomas Bridgeman of Carrowmeere, Ftnloe. 


John, of St. Johnstown in the county of Tipperary, 
in memory of Wm. Bridgcman, Esq., and Elinor Bridge- 
man alias Wall his wife, and her father, James Wall 
cf Coolenemucky, Esq. ; as also of the said Henry's 
brothers William, Winter, and Garrett ; and sisters, Cathe- 
rine, Mary, and Anne, who are all here interred ; and his 
former wife, Elizabeth Bridgcman alias I vers, and for their 
posterities use. Gloria in excelsis Deo, &c. Anno Domini, 


This family always identified itself in politics with its 
Catholic neighbours, and one of its members, Mr. Hewitt 
Bridgeman, long represented Ennis in Parliament. 

In the parish of Kilseily is found a townland named 
Kilmoculla. It is so designated after St. Mochuille, whose 
anniversary occurs on the 12th of June. 1 No trace of his 
church remains, but that an ancient church and burial 
ground existed at Kilmoculla is manifest from an inspec- 
tion of the place. This saint was held in great respect, as 
is proved by the circumstance that throughout the barony 
of Tulla several holy wells are found dedicated to him. In 
Kilseily parish there are two, while only one commemorates 
Saint Seily. One castle existed in the parish, that of 
Ballykelly ; under the name of Castle Callogh it belonged 
in 1580 to Donogh son of Conor MacNamara. 

Very few objects of antiquity are found in that part of 
the parish of O'Brien's Bridge comprised in the district 
of Ui Floinn. A church called Triigh, dedicated to no 
saint in particular, and a castle in the same townland of 
Trugh, both much injured by time, are all that remain. In 
the list of 1580, the castle is stated to have belonged to 
some person whose name cannot be deciphered, but who, 
no doubt, was a MacNamara. 

1 Martyrology of Tallagh, by Rev. nata in Fotharta Fea I Forth in the 
Matthew Kelly, D.D., Maynooth. county of Carlow), of the race of 
Dublin, 1S57. "Mochuille of Inds- Cairbre Riada, son of Conairc. ' 



The district now under consideration is frequently- 
mentioned in the Wars of Thomond as the patrimonial 
inheritance of the family of O'Shanahan, an important 
branch of the race of the Ui Bloids. They were driven out 
in the year 13 18, and their territory was added to that of 
their enemies, the MacNamaras. It is evident from 
MacNamara's Rental that Ui Ronghaile comprised the 
parishes of Kilnoe and Killuran in the fifteenth century, 
but before the O'Shanahan's were evicted it was certainly 
more extensive, and there is good reason to suppose that 
it contained the greater part of the country afterwards 
given to the Cinel Donghaile or O'Gradys. 1 


This parish is spelled Cilt lobpA-m, in MacNamara's 
Rental. Who this Saint Uran was it is impossible to say, 
no account of him having come down to us. His church is 
wholly destroyed, except a fragment of the south wall ; a 
large burial ground surrounds it. At Elmhill exists a little 
grave yard for children. In Killuran parish are found the 
undernamed castles, and we give their owners in 1580. 
Moanogeenagh, Sioda MacRory MacXamara ; and Teero- 
vannan, Donald Reagh MacNamara. The first-named of 
these structures is almost destroyed ; the second stands 
nearly at its former height, but with the facing of its doors 
and windows wholly gone. 

Among the ancient Irish Deeds given in the fifteenth 
volume of the Transactions of the Royal Irish Academy 
is one relating to lands in this parish. It bears no date, 
and is as follows : — 

" This is the bargain made by Mahone O'Halloran and 
Graine, daughter of Rory O'Moloney, with John, son of 
Ron-, son of Conor, and with his sons : viz., the said John 

1 See Cathreim Toirdhcalbhaih. 


and his sons do give their part of Dura (Dooras) unto 
Mahone and Graine in mortgage of three and twenty cows, 
and Donogh, grandson of Conor, the son of John, to have 
in the same manner half a quarter of the said land, except- 
ing the fifth part ; and that the said John shall have an 
ounce (of silver) rent accruing to him out of said lands over 
and above the said mortgage ; and that the said Mahone 
and his sons, or the survivor of them, shall have the said 
three and twenty cows paid to them at the time of redemp- 
tion in one whole payment, and the redemption to be made 
at the bawn of Coolreagh at midsummer. Also Covea 
and Mahone having come awhile after, received four cows 
for the said ounce, and the payment given them instead 
of the said four cows was a milch cow and a brood mare, 
and the same to be repaid at one time with the said 
mortgage. And if any difficulty should come upon 
Dooms aforesaid owing to John, son of Rory, or his 
children, then Clooncool is to stand in mortgage." The 
deed then goes on to give the usual power of redemption, 
and to state that Mahone shall pay the Boroimha, that is, 
O'Brien's rent, if it should be demanded. 


Kilnoe cannot possibly have been the designation of 
the church of this parish. Its very name contradicts 
such a supposition. From the fact of a holy well, dedi- 
cated to St. Mochuille, being found in the neighbourhood, 
it may be inferred that the church likewise was dedicated 
to that saint. Very little of its remains exist, but a large 
graveyard adjoins the ruin. In the townland of Kilgorey 
(Cill-Ghuaire) is an ancient burial-place no longer used 
by the people. Another of the same kind called Killana 
is found at Ballydonahan. Part of the cast wall of a 
castle stands in the townland of Coolreagh East, and the 
remains of another castle are found at Ballinahinch. In 
the list of 1580 no allusion is made to either of these 


structures, possibly owing to the circumstance that they did 
,not exist at that time. Among the Irish Deeds translated 
by Hardiman, is one relating to lands in this parish as 
follows : — 

" This is the sum given by the Earl of Thomond to 
Cumara, son of Shceda, son of John MacNamara, viz., two 
marks for one half of Cumara's part of Clonmoher, and the 
Earl and his son after him are to enjoy the fee simple of the 
same for ever from Cumara and from his son ; and the Earl 
covenants to befriend Cumara, and to protect and to defend 
him in his rights. These arc the witnesses present at the 
making of this covenant — viz., Mahone Oge, Honor O'Brien, 
Gillcduff MacTeige, Conor MacGorman, Richard Roe 
MacMiler, and Rory More. I, Denis O'Duffertain wrote 
the above at Cul Riabuig (Coolready), with the consent of 
both parties, the third day of the month of August." 





IN the topographical account of this country by O'Hcerin, 
Ui Toirdhealbhaigh is described as lying about Killaloe; 
and that it was co-cxtensive with the parishes of Killaloe, 
O'Briensbridge, and Kiltcnanlca is very probable. It was 
bounded on the north by Ui Congailc, on the cast and 
south by the Shannon, and on the west by Glcann Omra. 
In the Annals of the Four Masters, it is called Magh Ua 
Toirdhealbhaigh, that is to say the plain of Turlogh. from 
whom Brian Boroimhe was eighth in descent. It appears 
to have been the original patrimony of the O'Briens before 
they became powerful, and spread themselves over most 
parts of Thomond, and over various extensive districts in 
Tipperary, Limerick, and Cork. 


Nothing is recorded of St. Molua who gave name to this 
parish, but of St. Flannan, his disciple and successor, it is 
stated that he was the first bishop of the place, being pro- 
moted to that office about the year 639 after his consecra- 
tion at Rome. He was the son of that Toirdhealbhach 
from whom the territory was named ; in other words, he was 
of the family from whom was descended Brian Boroimhe. 1 
As regards his successors, before the arrival of the English, 
Sir James Ware admits that he could only find the names 
of five — namely, Cormacan O'Muilcaishel, who died in 1019 ; 

1 December iSLh— " Flannan, son was a confessor of Cill D.ilua, in 
ofTuirdhcalbhach, son of Cathal. He Dalcai.-." ZLartyruIogy of Dom^al, 


O'Gernidider, who died in 1055 ; Teige O'Teige, Comarba 
of Killaloe, who died in 1083 {Four Masters) ; Teige 
O'Lonergain, a learned and charitable man who died in 
1 161 ; and Donogh O'Brien, fourth in descent from Brian 
Boroimhe, who died in 1164. 1 — The Four Masters (a.d. 
1039), record the death of Cosgrach, son of Aingcadh, 
successor of Flannan and Brennan, after a well-spent life. 

Cortstantine O'Brien was Bishop of Killaloe in the year 
1 179; he attended the Council of Lateran. His real 
name was Consadin, from which the family name of 
Considine is derived. He was fifth in descent from Brian 
Boroimhe. His death occurred in 1194. 2 

Dermot O'Conaing succeeded, but in 1 195 was deprived 
and banished from his diocese by Matthew O'Heney, Arch- 
bishop of Cashel, acting as Legate of the Pope. In the 
same year he died of grief in the house of O'Brien's daughter 
at Cork, and was buried there. 3 

Charles O'Heney succeeded in 1195 I in his time part 
of the see of Iniscathy, and the whole diocese of Roscrea 
were added to Killaloe. 

Godfrey March was bishop in 12 13, but nothing further 
is known of him. 4 

Conor O'Heney assisted at the Council of Lateran in 
121 5, but died the following year on his way home. 5 After 
his death, King John appointed the bishop of Ferns bishop 
of Killaloe also. This man whose name was Robert 
Travers, was a native of Drogheda. His election was con- 
firmed by the royal assent on the 14th of January, 1216, 
English style. In 1221, he was deprived by James, 
Penitentiary to Pope Honorius III. and legate of Ireland, 
but the reason could never be ascertained by Sir James 

1 Wares Bishops. — Ware's Irish 2 Idem, a.d. 1104. 

Bishops is the chief authority for the 3 Annals of Inisf alien. 

the following list of the bishops of 4 Viae Scries Episcoporum Eccle- 

Killaloe. When information is given sia- Catholica. Ratisbon 1S73, by 

from other sources, I shall cite the Father Gams, 

book from which it is taken. i Ann. Four Masters. 

Annals of Four Masters, A.D. 1 164. 


Ware. No other prelate is mentioned by Ware until he 
relates the appointment of Donald O'Kennedy in 1231 ; 
but in the interval between the removal of Travers and the 
election of Kennedy, Father Gams states that two bishops 
occupied the see of Killaloe ; one of these was Edmond, 
bishop of Limerick, who succeeded in 1221, and died in 
1222, and another whose name is lost, and the date of 
whose death is unknown. 

Donald O'Kennedy, archdeacon of Killaloe, was elected 
bishop in 123 1. He managed the diocese for twenty-one 
years, and died in the hot summer of 1253. He was buried 
in the Dominican convent at Limerick. 

Isaac O'Cormacain, who had been dean of Killaloe, was 
restored to the temporalities of that see on the 5th of April, 
1253. In 1267, he resigned his bishopric and retired to 
the monastery of Holy Cross in the county of Tipperary. 

King Henry III. issued a conge delire on the 10th of 
November 1267, and Mahone O'Hogan who had been 
dean, was elected bishop of Killaloe. He died in August 
1 281, and was buried in the convent of the Dominicans at 
Limerick, as appears in an ancient calendar of that place. 

Muireadhach O'Hogan, called by Ware, Matthew 
O'Hogan, chantor of Killaloe, obtained the bishopric at the 
close of the- year 1281, and had his writ of restitution to the 
temporalities on the 4th of February, 12S2. He governed 
the diocese for upwards of sixteen years, and died in 1298. 
He was buried in his own church. 

David MacMahone, dean of Killaloe, being elected by 
the chapter, obtained the royal assent, and was restored to 
the temporalities on the 22nd of April, 1299. He was 
consecrated by Stephen O'Brogan Archbishop of Cashel. 
1 lis death occurred in 13 16. 

Thomas O'Cormacain, archdeacon of Killaloe, succeeded 
in 1 3 1 6, by a lawful election of the dean and chapter. He 
died in July, 1321, and was buried at Killaloe. 

Benedict O'Coscry, dean of Killaloe, was elected and 
consecrated bishop in 1322. He sat only three years. 


David M'Brian, otherwise called David of Emly, from 
the place of his birth, succeeded by the provision of Pope 
John XXII. in 1326. He died on the eve of St. Lucia's 
day, that is on the 12th of December 1342, according to 
Jeffrey Hogain in his Annals of Nenagh. 

Thomas 0*Hogain, canon of Killaloe, was consecrated 
in 1343, and died on the 30th of October 1354, five days 
after which he was buried in the church of the Franciscan 
Friars at Nenagh, as may be seen in the Annals of that place. 

Thomas O'Cormacain, archdeacon of Killaloe, obtained 
the see by the Pope's provision, and was consecrated in 
1355. He died in 13S7, (in 13S2 say the Four Masters), and 
was buried in his own church, in the common burial-place 
of the bishops. 

Matthew M'Grath, dean of Killaloe, was advanced to the 
see by the provision of Pope Nicholas IV., in 13S9, but did 
not obtain restitution of the temporalities until the 1st of 
September, 1391. (In the meantime the manor of Galroes- 
town, in the county of Dublin, being part of the possessions 
of this see, was granted during vacancy to John Griffin, 
bishop of Leighlin, the bishop of Killaloe, M'Grath being 
described in the writ of King Richard II. as a mere Irishman, 
abiding among the Irish enemies and not accountable to 
law or government.) Bishop M'Grath sat in this see in 
1400, but Sir James Ware knows not how long after. He 
was buried at Limerick in the church of the Dominicans. 

Robert de Mulfield, a native of England, and a Cister- 
cian monk of the abbey of Melsa (Meaux), in Yorkshire, 
succeeded by the provision of Pope Alexander V., on the 
9th of September, 1409. 

Donagh M'Grath was bishop of Killaloe in 1428, and 
died in 1429. On the resignation of M'Grath in 141 8, 
Eugene O'Felan was translated from Kilmacduagh. He 
lived only tiil 1423. * 

1 Efiscopxl Succession \<i IrelanJ, by Maziere Brady. Rome, 1S76. Vol. ii. 
pp. 115-125. 


In 1423, Teige M'Grath succeeded by the provision of 
Tope Martin V., and was restored to the temporalities by 
king Henry VI., on the 1st of September, 1431. He had 
been abbot of the Augustinian Monastery of SS. Peter and 
Paul at Clare Abbey, near Ennis. 1 

Ired O'Lonergan is said to have succeeded, and Ware 
finds no further account of him. 

James O'Connellan was bishop of Killaloe in 1441, and 
this was all Ware could find relating to him. 

Turlogh O'Brien succeeded by Papal provision. He 
was killed by Brian-an-Chobhlaigh (Brian of the Fleet), 
son of Donogh O'Brien of Clonroad, 2 in 1460. 

Teige ... is said to have succeeded, but Ware 
cannot discover the date of his death. 3 In the second 
year of his consecration he renewed and exemplified the 
foundation charter of the abbey of Kilmoney, or de Forgio 
(Clare Abbey) within his own diocese in the county of 
Clare. Some writers entirely omit this prelate in the suc- 
cession to the bishopric of Killaloe, and place the three 
following prelates in the see : John M'Grath, Maurice 
O'Canasa, Dermot M'Grath. Of these^* beyond their bare 
names, Sir James Ware has nothing to relate. 

Mahone O'Gripha died in 1482, and according to the 
Four Masters, was buried in the monastery of Canon Island, 
in the Fergus. 

Turlogh O'Brien, who succeeded, was a prelate of great 
account among his people for his liberality and hospitality. 
He was, however, much more addicted to martial affairs 
than became his episcopal station. 4 He died in 1525. 5 
On the 15th of November 1523, Hugh O'Hogan, precentor 
of Killaloe, as agent of Turlogh the bishop, (that fact being 
certified before a notary by Donogh O'Flanagan, a priest 

'Ware. Brady. brary of Royal Dublin Society, p. 

J • '''"• tour Masters, 203. 

^ He died on the iSth July, 1461. * Ware. 

See A'm/s Collection. MS. in Li- J Four Masters. 



of the diocese), presented to the Holy See, a gift of one 
hundred gold florins. 1 

1 526. On the nomination of Cardinal Campeggio, James 
O'Currin, or Coreyn, was nominated bishop in room of 
Turlogh deceased. O'Currin seems to have held the see 
till 1542, 2 but it also appears that a coadjutor bishop or 
administrator existed all that time, for it is stated by Ware 
that Richard Hogan, a Franciscan friar, and bishop of 
Killaloe, was translated by Pope Paul III., on the 16th of 
June, 1538 or 1539, to Clonmacnoise. after presiding over 
the see of Killaloe for fourteen years. Brady's account 
differs slightly from this : he says that on the 1 6th of June, 
1539, Richard Hogan was made bishop of Clonmacnoise 
and administrator of Killaloe, rendered vacant by the death 
of Turlogh O'Brien. 

1542. James Currin resigned, and Dermot O'Brien, 
natural son of the King of Thomond, was appointed by the 
Holy See to manage the diocese as administrator. His 
age was only twenty-two, and he was to receive the income 
arising from it till he should attain his twenty-seventh 
year. A dispensation was granted to him on account of 
his youth. 3 

On the 25th of June, 1554, upon the recommendation 
of Cardinal Carpensis, Turlogh O'Brien, dean of Kilmac- 
duagh, was appointed to the see of Killaloe, for some time 
vacant by the death of Currin, who had been formerly 
bishop. It is observable that no mention is made in this 
provision of the name of Cornelius O'Dea, who had been 
appointed by Henry VIII. in 1546. 4 

The death of Turlogh O'Brien is recorded by the Four 
Masters under the year 1569; and on the 10th of January, 
1570-71, a successor was named in his stead in the person 
of Malachy O'Molony. His name was put before the 
Holy See by Cardinal Morono, who represented him as of 

1 Brady. 4 Brady.— Anthony Wood says that 

2 Idem. Turlogh O'Brien was educated at Ox- 
' Idem. ford. — Athen. : Oxon. I, p. 603. 


noble birth, and a priest of the province of Cashel. He 
governed the diocese for a period of five years only ; then 
lie was translated to Kilmacduagh. 1 He was arrested by 
the English at Gort, and thence conducted on foot as a 
prisoner to 1 he Castle of Limerick. He was rescued from 
the gaol by his cousin-german, and in the garb of a peasant 
wandered through Clare, performing his episcopal duties. 
Finally, in 1603, he died at Moynoe, in the house of Conor 
MacBrody. 2 

On the 22nd of August 1576, upon the recommenda- 
tion of Cardinal Alciato, Brother Cornelius Ryan, of the 
Friars Minors, was named bishop of Killaloe, in succession 
to Malachy O'Molony. He was prohibited from the 
exercise of episcopal functions in any other diocese, under 
pain of suspension ipso facto. He was also forbidden to be 
absent from his see for a longer term than three months in 
any one year. Frequent mention is made of Bishop Ryan 
in the English State Papers. On the 30th of March, 
1579, Lord Justice Drury encloses to the English Privy 
Council a statement that ConoghcrO'Mulrian bishop of 
Killaloe, and O'Gallagher bishop of Killala, are at Lis- 
bon, with a well appointed ship under command of 
Stukely, and with 300 soldiers beside. On the 27th 01 
September, 1580, the Commons of Lixnaw sent a despatch 
to Her Majesty's Attorney and Recorder at Limerick, 
announcing the presence of Friar Matheus Oviedo, Com- 
missarius Apostolicus, and of Daniel Ryan's son, the bishop 
of Killaloe. In 15S2, on the 26th of November, Sir \V. 
Sentleger writes from Cork to inform the Queen that 
Desmond has sent the bishop of Killaloe and one Purcell, 
the chanter of Limerick, to Spain to hasten the foreigners 
over. On the 20th of April 15S3, Nicholas Nangle makes 
a statement at Limerick that Conogher O'Mulrian prc- 

\ B ) '-' l(1 >'- General of the diocese of Killaloe at 

- Fropugnacuhim Catholic? Veri- this time. He died in prison at Dub- 

t*Us. In this book it is stated that liii in 1001. 

another Molony (Donogh), was Vicar- 


tended bishop of Killaloe, and Robert Lacy pretended 
chancellor of Limerick, are bringing help to Desmond. 
On the nth of January, 1584, Dermot M'Donnell 
declares that the usurped bishop of Killaloe has another 
great ship on the west coast. Fenton, alarmed by these 
tidings, writes from Dublin to Burghley, on the 21st Janu- 
ary 1585, telling him to intercept the supposed bishop 
of Killaloe and William Nugent, who are said to have 
arrived from Rome. 1 Bishop Ryan was a bitter opponent 
of Elizabeth, and a frequent correspondent of the Court of 
Rome. Many of his letters, written in Latin, have been 
printed from the Vatican archives, and there are several 
unpublished letters of his, signed Cornelius Laonensis, in 
the English State Paper Office. He died at Lisbon in 
1616, according to O'Sullivan. 2 

1617-1630. Killaloe was under vicars, Malachy Quealy 
being Vicar Apostolic from 1622 to 1630, when he became 
archbishop of Tuam. 

John O'Molony, first of that name, was appointed to 
the see of Killaloe on the 12th of August, 1630, He had 
been a priest of the diocese and also prior of the Bene- 
dictine monastery of Arran. 

In the November of the previous year Richard Arthur, 
bishop of Limerick, had written to Rome recommend- 
ing that Malachy O'Quealy, then Vicar Apostolic of the 
Diocese of Killaloe, should be appointed to that see on 
the ground that he was a man eminently fitted for the 
mitre, that he was a native of the diocese, and a man 
of high birth. In his letter, Bishop Arthur further ad- 
vised that the claims of John O'Molony to the vacant 
bishopric should not be entertained as against O'Quealy, 
for the reason that O'Molony had untruly represented 
himself as a blood relation of the late Bishop Malachy 
O'Molony and of the head of his name, Dermot O'Molony, 
whereas he was in reality in no way allied by blood to 

1 State Papers Rolls M3S., London, cited by Brady. 2 Brady. 


those, being a man of comparatively humble birth. In 
addition to the recommendation of the bishop of Lime- 
rick, another letter had been previously forwarded to Rome, 
signed by the principal gentlemen of Clare, and urging 
the claims of O'Quealy to the see of Killaloe. In spite 
of these and another favourable report from Walsh, arch- 
bishop of Cashel, O'Molony was promoted to the govern- 
ment of the diocese. O'Quealy, however, was consoled 
by having bestowed upon him in the following year the 
archbishopric of Tuam. 1 In 1642, Bishop O'Molony 
assisted at the consecration of the bishop of Clonfert. 2 
He was amongst the prelates who affixed their signature 
to the manifesto denouncing Ormond for his treachery to 
the cause of the Confederated Catholics. He raised a troop 
of soldiers, and appointed a meeting at Ouin. Ormond sent 
Edward Wogan against them. The party was dispersed, 
the bishop taken prisoner, and he would have been put to 
death had not Ormond saved him. On this occasion Or- 
mond laid hands on a sum of money amounting to .£1,400, 
which the bishop had hidden away in sacks of wool. 3 
O'Molony was one of the nine Irish bishops who were 
resident in their sees in 1649, 4 and he died in Ireland 
after that date. 5 In the topographical part of this work, 
under the head of the parish of Kilmihill, will be found a 
reference to this prelate. 

1655 to 167 1. The see was under Vicars during this 
period. On the 3rd of August, 1655, the memorial of 
Donogh Harty to be made Vicar Apostolic was read in 
the Propaganda., In 1666, John de Burgo appears as 
Vicar Apostolic of Cashel and Killaloe. In 1668, 
Donogh Harty again appears as Vicar Apostolic of the 
last named diocese. 6 

167 1. John O'Molony, second of that name, was the 

1 Rise and Fall of the Irish Fran- 3 Carte. Apud Lenihan, History 

tiscan Monasteries, by Rev. C. P. of Limerick, p. 16S. 

Meehan. Dublin, 1S77 ; p. 344. 4 Brady. 

• Idem. ' * Idem. 6 Idem. 


second son of John O'Molony of Kiltanon, 1 and was 
born in the year 1617. He was. a Doctor of the 
Sorbonne, and just before his appointment to the see of 
Killaloe had been Canon of Rouen in France. He was 
named bishop by the Propoganda in May 1671, in con- 
formity with the wishes of the people of the diocese, who 
had, in 1658, supplicated the Pope to make him their 
bishop, and with the desire of the Council of Dublin to 
the same effect, as expressed in 1670. His qualifications 
for the office were set forth in various testimonials from 
the University of Paris and from several French bishops 
and archbishops. He was described as the man best 
qualified for the bishopric, because he owned ecclesi- 
astical benefices sufficient not alone for his own main- 
tenance but also to help the poor. After his nomination 
he delayed coming over to Ireland on account of his 
dread of Ormond, and because he was then engaged in 
the work of founding a college for the education of Irish 
priests at Paris ; he was peremptorily ordered by the 
papal Nuncio to repair to his diocese at once. Soon 
afterwards (in 1673), he was deputed by the other Irish 
bishops to visit France, and endeavour to persuade the 
French King and his Minister to establish the Irish 
Ecclesiastical College. He was successful ; in a few 
years after, the seminary was opened, being endowed by 
the bishop of Killaloe, and he is justly recognised as its 
founder. It was probably on some errand connected 
with his college that he had again to visit Paris, since, in 
1675, the Propaganda gave him leave of absence for six- 
months to go there on urgent private affairs. From a 
letter of Dr. Brennan, archbishop of Cashel, dated 12th 
September 16S0, we learn that the bishop of Killaloe 
41 was not then in his own district, being in strict conccal- 

1 The bishop's elder brother, Dalton, vol. ii., p. 69S, and sfter- 

James, had a son of the same name wards in that ot William. Vide 

who served in Kirg Jame.v Army, Burke's Landed Gentry of Ireland. 
Vide King Jamas' Aimy List, by 


rncnt, and justly so, for our enemies bear him great ill- 
will, and speak violently against him." He fled to France 
soon afterwards, as in 1682 he is found acting as coad- 
jutor to the bishop of Rouen. In 1689 he was named 
bishop of Limerick by Pope Innocent XL, retaining 
Killaloe in administration. He did not remain long in 
Limerick, being forced again to fly to France. There, in 
the Sulpician house at Issy, near Paris, he died on the 
3rd of September, 1702, in the 85th year of his age. In 
the side wall of the Irish College, Paris, is inserted a 
marble slab, transferred from the Lombards, which bears 
a latin inscription setting forth the principal events of his 
life. 1 

1702 to 17 1 3. The see was under Vicars Apostolic. 

1713. By decree of the Propaganda, dated June 30th of 
this year, Eustace Brown was nominated bishop, and on 
the 1 6th of August following was consecrated in Villa Do- 
mus Fontis, by Christopher Butler, archbishop of Cashel, 
assisted by Donogh M'Carthy, bishop of Cork, and two 
other dignitaries. On the 4th of October, 1723, the arch- 
bishop of Cashel was appointed administrator of Killaloe, 
Dr. Brown having been suspended from his functions, and 
having been afterwards imprisoned by the heretics. In 
1724, "fh deputato il proprio vescovo" which must mean that 
he was again restored to his diocese. 

1729. On the 25th of September, Sylvester Lloyd was 
named bishop. In 1733 he was living at Brussels in very 
bad health, and was ordered to visit Spa by his medical 
advisers. In 1739 he was translated to Waterford and 
Lismore, and, by brief dated :4th August, in the same 
year, Patrick MacDonogh was named bishop of Killaloe in 

1 Brady's Episcopal Succession in 220. Bishop O'Molony founded 

Ireland. — Collections of Irish Church six bursaries in the College tor 

History; Irish Bishops, by Rev. 1). Clare families. His collateral de- 

M'Carthy, D.D. Dublin, 1874, vol. fcendant, Mr. James B. Molony, 

ii., part 2, p. 8S-92 : The inscription Solicitor, of Ennis, i.o^csoes an 

O'Molony 's tomb is given in attested copy of his will. 


ihan's History of Limerick, p. 


his stead. The tenure of Dr. MacDonogh was only for four 
years, as we find that his successor, William O'Mcara, was 
appointed by Papal brief on the 2nd of December, 1743. 
Dr. O'Meara managed the diocese for nine years. 

1752. Patrick O'Naghten was appointed by brief of 
1 2th May 1752, when he was over 56 years of age. He 
was a native of Con naught, and was recommended for 
Killaloe by the Papal Nuncio at Brussels. He had presided 
for sixteen years over the College of Douay, to which he 
was a liberal benefactor, being a very rich man. 1 

1752. It would appear that O'Naghten refused to accept 
the bishopric, as we find, that in December of this same 
year, Nicholas Madgett, D.D., was nominated, by brief, to 
the see of Killaloe. He had been formerly president of 
the college of St. Barbara at Paris, and in 1752 had been 
Vicar-General of Ardfert. He was appointed bishop of 
Ardfert and Aghadoe on the 23rd of February 1753, an <* 
William O'Meara, bishop of that diocese, was transferred, 
by brief, to Killaloe in his stead. 2 

1765. By brief of the 5th of June, Michael Peter Mac 
Mahon, a Dominican Friar, was named prelate of the see 
of Killaloe. He was a native of the diocese of Limerick, 
having been born there in the year 1720. His consecra- 
tion took place on the 4th of August, James Butler arch- 
bishop of Cashel being the celebrant, aided by Thomas de 
Burgo bishop of Ossory, and by Daniel O'Kearney bishop 
of Limerick. Dr. MacMahon died at Limerick in February, 
1807. 3 

1807. James O'Shaughnessy was consecrated coadjutor 
bishop, with right of succession in 1798, and on the death 
of Dr. MacMahon he succeeded in this year. His death 
occurred in 1828. 

1829. In 1 8 19, Patrick MacMahon, who had been edu- 

1 Brady .— Dr. M'Cnrthy— ut supra. named is uncertain, the references 

" Whether the William O'Meara to the subject, made in the work of 

mentioned above under the date of Maziere Drady, heme very concise. 

1743 is the same as the O'Meara here 3 Erady. 


catcd at Nantes, and who had been Vicar-General and 
Dean of Killaloe, was nominated by the Propaganda, bishop 
of Fesse in partibus infidclium, and coadjutor bishop of 
Killaloe, with right of succession. On the death of Dr. . 
O'Shaughnessy in 1828, he assumed the management of 
the diocese. He died at Wellpark near Ouin, on the 7th 
of June, 1836. 

1836. Patrick Kennedy succeeded Dr. MacMahon, and 
managed the diocese till 1S51, in which year he died and 
was succeeded by Daniel Vaughan, Vicar Capitular and 
parish priest of Xcnagh. He was elected on the 24th of 
March, and consecrated on the 8th of June, 185 1. He 
died in July, 1859, aged 69 years. 

1859. Michael Flanncry succeeded. He was born on 
the 17th May, 18 18. He had been professor of Moral 
Theology at All Hallows College, had been Vicar-General 
of Killaloe from 1852 to 1859. He was consecrated 
bishop of Tiberopolis and coadjutor bishop of Killaloe on 
the 5th of September, 1858. After exercising the func- 
tions of a bishop for a few years, he withdrew from his 
diocese, leaving its management to 'coadjutor bishops. 

1865. On the 24th of April, Nicholas Power, who had 
been parish priest of Killaloe and Vicar-General, was 
appointed coadjutor with right of succession, and bishop of 
Saretta in partibus. He was consecrated on the 25th of 
June, 1865, and died in 1871, soon after his return home 
from the General Council of the Vatican. 

1 87 1. On the 2 1 st of November of this year, James 
Ryan, parish priest of Nenagh and Vicar-General, was 
nominated coadjutor bishop of Killaloe, with the right of 
succession, and was also named bishop of Echinus in 
partibus. His consecration took place on the 4th of 
February, 1872. 1 He died in 1889. 

1890. Thomas MacRedmond was consecrated bishop 
of Killaloe on the 12th day of January of this year. At 

1 Brady. 


the time of his appointment he was parish priest of Killaloe, 
and had been previously, for several years, principal of the 
Diocesan College at Ennis. 

I shall now give a list of the Protestant bishops of 
Killaloe, taken from Ware and from other sources : — 

1 546-1 5 5 5. Cornelius O'Dea was appointed bishop of 
Killaloe by King Heny VIII. in July 1546, and by royal 
command was consecrated by his metropolitan. He had 
been previously chaplain to Murrogh Earl of Thomond. 
He presided over the diocese for about nine years. 

1570-1612. Murtogh O'Brien- Arra was appointed bishop 
by letters patent of Elizabeth, dated 15th of May, 1570, 
and had his writ of restitution to the temporalities the 
same day. He received the profits of the see for six years 
before his consecration, but being at last consecrated, he sat 
about thirty-six years afterwards. He died on the last day 
of April, 1613, having voluntarily resigned a year before. 

1612-1632. John Rider was born at Carrington in 
Cheshire, and educated at Jesus College Oxford. He was 
consecrated bishop on the 12th of January, 16 12, and he 
died on the 12th of November 1632, at Killaloe, where he 
was buried in St. Flannan's church. In this prelate's time, 
King James I., by an order to the Lord Deputy and Lord 
Chancellor, dated 26th February, 1619, commanded his 
letters patent to issue, granting to the see 21 quarters or 
plowlands in the county of Clare, commonly known by the 
name of Termon I. Grady alias Tomgraney, 1 and ordered 
that the bishop should renew his patent with the addition 
of the said lands, and of such other lands as he should 
recover in right of his bishopric. 2 

1 63 3- 1 646. Lewis Jones was born in Wales. He was 
advanced to this see from the deanery of Cashel by letters 

1 Termon-ui-Grada was the church firmed to him by the Act of Settle- 
arid parish of Moynoe. According to ment in 165S. 

the Book of Distributions, the whole 2 In a subsequent part of this work 

parish of Moynoe belonged to the will be found a report on the state of 

bishop of Killaloe, and it was con- the diocese by this prelate. 


patent of Charles I. He died at Dublin in 1646, in the 
104th year of his age, and was buried at St. Werburgh's 
church. He was called the vivacious bishop of Killaloe, 
and married a young wife after he was three score years old. 

1647- 1 650. Edward Parry, a native of Xewry, was 
consecrated bishop of Killaloe in 1647. He died at 
Dublin, of the plague in 1650, and was buried at St. 
Audeon's church. 

1 660- 1 669. Edward Worth was a native of the county 
of Cork, and was advanced to this see by letters patent 
of Charles II., dated 1660; he had his consecration and 
writ of restitution to the temporalities on the same day, 
with a retrospective clause as to the mesne profits from the 
death of Bishop Parry. He died at Hackney near London, 
in 1669, and was buried in the church of St. Mildred in 
London. He founded an hospital in the south suburbs of 
the city of Cork, called St. Stephen's or the Blue Coat 
Hospital, for the support and education of poor boys, and 
endowed it with lands for its maintenance. 

1669-1674. Daniel Witter was chaplain of James duke 
of Ormond. He became bishop of Killaloe in 1669, and 
died in 1674. By his will he bequeathed his stock, books, 
and furniture, to be sold for the use of the church of 
Killaloe, to buy a silver flagon for the altar, and to procure 
the Commandments, Creed, Lord's Prayer, &c, to be hung 
up in the church. 

1675-1692. John Roan, a Welshman, was appointed 
bishop by letters patent in 1675. He died in 1692 at his 
episcopal house near Killaloe, and was buried at the east 
end of the cathedral. His tomb bears [the following 
inscription: "Hie jacet corpus Joannis Roan, S.S. 
Theologiae Doctoris, Laonensis Episcopi, qui obiit 5° die 
Septembris, A.D. 1692." 

1693- 1695. Henry Rider was born at Paris, and was 
educated at Westminster School. He was consecrated in 
1693, an d died at Dublin in 1695. 


1695-1713. Thomas Lindsay, D.D. was born and edu- 
cated at Blandford in Dorsetshire. He was translated 
from Killaloe to Raphoe in 17 13, and was subsequently- 
raised to the archbishopric of Armagh. 

1713, 17 14 Sir Thomas Vesey was son of archbishop 
Vesey of Tuam, and was born at Cork when his father was 
dean there. From Killaloe he was promoted to Ossory. 

1714-1716. Nicholas Foster, senior Fellow of Trinity 
College Dublin, was translated from Killaloe to Raphoe. 

17 16- 1739. Charles Carr, M.A. was chaplain of the 
Irish House of Commons before he became bishop of 
Killaloe. He died in Dublin in 1739. 

1740. Joseph Storey, M.A.,was educated at Edinburgh. 
He became chaplain to the House of Commons in 1734, 
then dean of Ferns, afterwards in 1740 bishop of Killaloe, 
and finally bishop of Kilmore in 1742. 

1742. John Ryder, D.D., was educated at Cambridge. 
In 1743 he was translated from this see to that of Down 
and Connor, and subsequently promoted to Tuam. 

1743. Jemmett Browne, dean of Ross, praecentor of 
Cork, and previously the holder of several benefices in suc- 
cession, was named bishop of this diocese in 1743. He 
only held it two years, was transferred in succession to 
Dromore, to Cork, to Elphin, and to Tuam. 

1745. Richard Chenevix, D.D., was descended from a 
French family and was educated at Cambridge. He was 
chaplain to the Earl of Chesterfield, Lord Lieutenant. In 
1746 he was promoted from Killaloe to Waterford and 
Lismore. 1 

1746. Nicholas Synge, D.D., second son of Edward, 
archbishop of Tuam, and brother of Edward, bishop of 
Elphin. He was the fifth and last prelate of an episcopal 

1 The frequency of the changes of The manner too in which they alien- 

these prelates from one see to ano-her ated the church lands to their sons 

shows that their aim was not so much and other relatives proves how care- 

the salvation of souls as the advance- fully they looked after the things of 

ment of their own pecuniary interests. this world. 


family, being the grand-nephew, grandson, and brother of 
a bishop, himself a bishop, and aa archbishop's son. In 
1753 Kilfenora was united to Killaloe. Bishop Synge died 
in 1771, and was buried at Dublin. 

1771. Robert Fowler, D.D., educated at Cambridge. In 
1779 he was advanced from Killaloe to the see of Dublin. 

1779. George Chinnery, LL.D., dean of Cork. His 
bodily infirmities were great. After one year at Killaloe, 
he was sent to Cloyne, where he died almost immediately 

1780. Thomas Barnard, D.D., eldest son of the bishop of 
Derry, was for fourteen years prelate of Killaloe, from 
whence he was advanced to Limerick. The reader of 
Boswell's Life of Johnson will recognise in him the friend of 
Burke, Reynolds, Goldsmith, and Johnson. 

1794. Hon. William Knox, D.D., fourth son of Thomas, 
first Viscount Northland, and chaplain to the House of 
Commons, held the see of Killaloe for nine years and was 
then translated to Derry. 

1803. Hon. Charles Dalrymple Lyndsay, D.D., son of 
the Earl of Balcarras, came to Ireland as private secretary 
to the Earl of Hardwicke, Lord Lieutenant, and was 
appointed to this see, but in the year following he 
abandoned it for a better, that of Kildare. 

1804. Nathaniel Alexander, D.D., Cambridge, nephew 
of the Earl of Caledon, came from Clonfert to Killaloe, but 
did not remain even as long as his predecessor, since he got 
promoted in the course of the same year to Down and 
Connor ; he subsequently went to Meath. 

1804. The Right Hon. Lord Robert Ponsonby Totten- 
ham Loftus, second son of the Marquess of Ely, praecentor 
of Cashel, succeeded. In 1820 he was translated to Ferns, 
and thence to Clogher. 

1820. Richard Mant, D.D., Oxford, was domestic chap- 
lain to the archbishop of Canterbury. In 1S23 he was 
advanced from this see to that of Down and Connor. 


1823. Alexander Arbuthnot, D.D., dean of Cloyne, 
succeeded. He died at Killaloe in 1828, aged 59. 

1828. Hon. Richard Ponsonby. D.D., third son of Lord 
Ponsonby, was dean of St. Patrick's before he was promoted 
to this see. Pie held Killaloe only for three years and was 
then removed to Derry. 

1831. Hon. Edmund Knox, D.D., seventh son of 
Thomas, first Viscount Northland, and brother of a former 
bishop of Killaloe, was appointed. In four years after- 
wards he obtained the see of Limerick. Just at the time 
Killaloe became thus vacant it was added to the dioceses of 
Clonfertand Kilmacduagh, and Dr. Butson appointed bishop 
of the whole. He held them for two years only, and died 
in 1836. 

1836. Stephen Creaghe Sandes, D.D., Fellow of Trinity 
College, Dublin, succeeded. In 1S39 he was translated to 

1839. Hon. Ludlow Tonson, D.D., eighth son of William 
first Lord Riversdale. He died at Killaloe in 1S62, and 
was succeeded by William FitzGerald, previously bishop of 
Cork, Cloyne, and Ross. 1 He died at Killaloe in the year 
1883, and was succeeded by the Ven. William B. Chester, 
archdeacon of the diocese, consecrated bishop on the 24th 
of February, 1SS4. 

A church existed at Killaloe from the date of the 
foundation of Christianity. It was renewed from time to 
time, 2 and in 11 60 the present cathedral was erected by 
Donald O'Brien, king of Limerick. It is a plain building, 
with a low central tower, and a fine east window. In a 
corner of the nave is a doorway of greater antiquity. By 
some authorities it is said to have belonged to the church 
erected by Brian Boroimhe. Others believe it to be 
the tomb of Murrogh his son. It is built into the wall 
and closed up at the back. Its ornamentation, closely 

'Ware. B;s : :i> A s. — Cotton Fasti - \.D. 1012. — The c^reat church of 

Ecdesia HibermctSy vol. i., 1x469, Killaloe was built by Brian Boroimhe 
&c. Keating";, History of Ireland, p. 90. 


resembling that of Cormac's chapel at Cashel, is of a 
highly elaborate character. In the recess which it forms 
is found a flag with an ancient Irish cross inscribed, 
supposed to cover the remains of Turlogh, grandson of 
Brian. There is much reason to regret that more care has 
not been employed in dealing with the interior of the 
cathedral of Killaloe. The walls arc covered with 
stucco, which without doubt, conceals many characteristic 
features of the early workmanship ; the chancel arch is 
closed up by an unsightly organ loft or gallery ; one 
of the transepts is wholly closed up and converted into 
a vestry, and the level of the floor is several feet higher 
than it was in the olden time. No ancient tomb or 
monument of any interest, save the one above referred to, 
is to be found in the church. 

About a furlong from the cathedral, on a. small island 
in the Shannon, is seen a little ruined church, evidently of 
very great antiquity. Petrie conjectured that it was the 
original church of St. Molua. 1 

Immediately on the north side of the cathedral stands a 
stone-roofed church or duirtheach, not unlike St. Columb- 
kill's house at Kclls, or St. Kevin's kitchen at Glendalough. 
It measures on the outside 56 feet 4 inches in length, and 
25 in breadth. In the west end is a door, rounded at top, 
and ornamented in the style called Irish Romanesque 
architecture. The roof is very sharp and entirely of stone. 
Attached to the east end of the duirteach must have stood 
another building, because on the east gable is seen the 
marks left by the roof of a structure of somewhat smaller 
size. Some think it was the choir, and others that it was 
an edifice of much greater antiquity than that which now 
remains. 2 

On the summit of the hill, above the bridge of Killaloe, 

1 Petrie's Round Towers, p. 2S1. St. Fhnnan. See his description of ' 

2 Petrie conjectures that the building it in his work on the Irish Round 
under consideration was erected by Tozocrs, p. 2S1. 


and almost on the site now occupied by the Catholic 
church and by the neighbouring houses, stood the royal 
palace of Kincora. It is needless to say that no vestige 
of it remains to our time. It must have extended from 
the church to the edge of the hill over the Shannon, 
because its name signifies the "Head of the Weir." It was 
first erected by Brian Boroimhe, and for a century it con- 
tinued to be the chief place of residence of his descendants 
The poet MacLiag describes how he happend to be at 
Ceann Coradh on one occasion when Brian's tribute of 
cows from Leinster and Ulster was being driven home ; 
that he went out from the Court to look at them, and that 
he returned again and said to Brian " Here comes Erin's 
tribute of cows to thee," whereupon MacLiag gave the 
name of Boroimhe to the town and plain — a name signify- 
ing a multitude of cows either paid as tribute by, or carried 
off as prey from an enemy. It is not unlikely that Brian 
himself received the name of Boroimhe, or of the "Tribute 
of cows " for the first time on this occasion. MacLiag then 
proceeds to give an account of the numbers of cattle and 
of other articles of consumption sent in as tribute to 
Kincora. If that recital had not been confirmed by the 
positive statement of other authorities of unimpeachable 
authenticity it would be scarcely credible. For instance, 
the Danes of Dublin supplied one hundred and fifty butts 
of wine; Burren and Corcomroe, 2,000 cattle, 1,000 sheep, 
and 1,000 cloaks ; Corcabaskin East and West, 2,000 head 
of cattle. He then describes the order in which royal and 
noble guests of Brian sat around him at table in the great 
hall of the palace. A description of the similar ceremonial, 
as it had previously existed in the royal palace of Tara 
while that place continued to be the residence of the kings 
of Ireland, is given from earlier sources, and it fully con- 
firms MacLiag's picture. 1 Brian himself, we are told, sat at 

1 See Petrie's Antiquities of Tara Hill in vol. xvii. of Transactions of the 
Royal Irish Academy. 



thc head, with the king of Connaught on his right hand, 
and the king of West Ulster on his left ; the king of Tir- 
Koghan opposite to him. At the door, on the side nearest 
to Brian, was placed the king of Lcinster ; and on the 
further side Donogh, the monarch's son. Seated beside 
Malachy, king of Meath, Murrogh, the eldest son of Brian, 
sat with his back to his father, with Aengus, the son of 
Carrach, a valiant prince of Meath, on his right hand and 
the king of Tir-Conaill on his left. This position of 
Murrogh would seem to imply that Brian occupied a chair 
elevated above the other seats in the hall. Teige, son of 
the monarch, sat with Teige O'Kelly, king of Ui Maine, at 
the end or side opposite to the door, at Brian's right hand ; 
and Maelruanaigh, chief of the Ui Fiachra, in South Con- 
naught, sat on Teige's right hand. 1 In the Annals of 
the Four Masters and other records, several references are 
made to the palace of Ceann-Coradh, and to the town and 
church of Killaloe. These I shall give here : — 

"A.D. ion. Many fortresses were erected by Brian; 
among these the Caher of Ceann-Coradh. — Four Masters. 

A.D. 1012. MacMaine, son of Cosgrach, Coarb of Kil- 
laloe, died. 

A.D. 1016. The Connaughtmen plundered and demo- 
lished Ceann Coradh and Killaloe. — Idem. 

A.D. 102S. Teige, son of Eochaidh, Airchinncach of 
Killaloe, died. — Idem. 

A D. 1065. Murrogh, son of Donogh O'Brien, stormed 
the palace of Turlogh O'Brien at Ceann-Coradh, and slew 
many people. — Ann. Inisfallen. 

A.D. 1 061. An army was led by Hugh O'Connor (Gha- 
bhearnaigh) to Ceann-Coradh, and he demolished the fortress 
and weir, and destroyed the enclosing wall of the well, and cat 
its two salmons, and also burned Killaloe. — Four Masters. 

1 See M.icLiag's Poem; Library of Manners and Customs of t/ie Ancient 
the Royal Irish Academy, as quoted Irish, vol. ii., Lecture 6, p. 120. 
by U'Currv in his Lectures on the 



A.D. 10S0. Killaloe was burned. — Ann. Inisfalkn. 

A.D. 1084. Killaloe, Tomgraney, and Moynoe were 
burned by the Connaughtmen. — Four Masters. 

A.D. 10S6. Turlogh O'Brien, king of Ireland, died at 
Ceann-Coradh, and was buried at Killaloe. — Idem, and Ann. 
Inisfalkn. , 

A.D. 1088. Donald, son of MacLoghlen, king of Ireland, 
broke down and demolished Ceann-Coradh. — Four Masters. 

A.D. 1096. Ceann-Coradh was rebuilt by Murtogh 
O'Brien. — Idem. 

A.D. 1 107. Ceann-Coradh was ruined by lightning im- 
mediately after Easter in this year, and sixty puncheons 
of mead and beer destroyed. — Idem. 

A.D. 1 1 16. Killaloe, with its church was burned by 
Turlogh O'Connor. He levelled Boromha, 1 burned Ceann- 
Coradh, and killed many persons. He took many cows 
and prisoners, but these latter he restored to God and St. 
Flannan. In two years afterwards he hurled Ceann- 
Coradh into the Shannon ' both stone and wood.' — Idem. 

A.D. 1 125. Kennedy O'Conaing Airchinneach of Killa- 
loe died. — Idem. 

A.D. 1 141. Killaloe was burned. — Idem. 

AD. 1154. Killaloe was burned. — Idem. 

A.D. 1 160. Ceann-Coradh was burned. — Idem. 

A.D. 1 170. The O'Kellys of Ui Maine destroyed the 
wooden bridge, and burned the church. — Four Mast. : 
Ann. Inisfalkn. 

A.D. 1559. Donogh Oge, son of Donogh, son of Nicholas 
O'Grady, archdeacon of Killaloe, died. He was a lord in 
church and state. — Ann. Four Masters." 

About a mile northwards from Killaloe, and rising over * 

l This place is now called Bnel tended from Kincora to Beal-Bor- 

Eoromha. It is an earthen tort omha. but no remains are now visible 

situated near the margin of the Shan- except some of the ramparts of Beal 

non. about one mile north of the town Boromha. — J. O'Donovan's note 

of Killaloe. According to local tra- Ann. Four liast. 
dition, Brian Boroimhe's stables ex- 


the road as you go towards Tomgraney is the rocky moun- 
tain of Cragliath, far famed, in Irish story, and well known 
as the habitation of Aoibhcai, the banshee of Munster and 
of the Dalcassians. Her palace is shown in a wild glen of 
the mountain, from which rises a peak forty feet high, and 
most romantic in appearance. A well, called after the 
fairy, springs from the side of the hill. She has been 
celebrated in verse by several Irish poets. In Cragliath 
also is found the site of Grianan Lachtna, which according 
to the Annals of the MacBruodins, was built as a place of 
residence by Lachtna, the brother of Brian Boroimhe in 
953. It is well called Grianan (the sunny) from its southern 
site and from the noble prospect it commands. In the 
northern part of the townland of Cragliath is a field called 
Park-na-neach (of the horses) where, it is said, Brian 
Boroimhe kept his horses. Only one castle existed in the 
parish, namely, that of Killaloe, long since demolished, 
and owned in 1580 by Donogh MacNamara. 


In the Irish language this parish is called Cill-t'Seanain 
Liath, that is of St. Senan, the hoary. He is supposed to be a 
different person from St. Senan of Iniscathy,and the tradition 
of the country makes him a brother of St. Mochuille. His 
festival is still kept in the parish on the 8th of March, the 
very day on which, according to the Martyrology of Donegal 
the festival of St. Senan of Iniscathy is celebrated. 
Kiltcnanlea church is in a tolerable state of preserva- 
tion, but being of a comparatively modern construction, and 
resembling so many other buildings of the same character, 
it does not demand particular description. It has a large 
graveyard attached. About two hundred yards away there 
is a holy well dedicated to St. Senan Liath, and greatly 
frequented by pious people from the country around. A 
pattern was formerly held there on the 8th of March, but 


it was removed to the village of Clonlara. In the townland 
of Gurrane is found the ruins of an ancient church named 
Tampul Mochuille. At Cappavilla, is a holy well, also 
dedicated to St. Mochuille. This saint is supposed to be 
the same who gave the veil to St. Bridget. 1 A castle 
situated on the townland of Rineroe, and called Donass- 
castle, belonged in 1580 to Shane-ne-geytagh MacNamara. 
The castle of Coolistcige was the property, in the same 
year, o( Donald Roe MacNamara ; and that of Xcadanury 
(now Newtown), of Teige Oge MacNamara. 


Who the patron saint of this parish was I cannot 
ascertain. There is a graveyard at Fahybeg, and another 
at Ross. Two castles stood in the parish, that of O'Brien's 
Bridge, now entirely gone, but inhabited in 1580 by 
Murtagh O'Brien, Baron of Inchiquin ; and Aherinagh, 
still remaining in a tolerable state of preservation, and 
belonging in the same year to Donogh, the son of Conor 
MacNamara. The Annals of the Four Masters, state, that 
the bridge here was built in 1 506, by Turlogh, son of Teige, 
son of Turlogh ; by Donald, his brother, and by the bishops 
of Killaloe and Kilfenora. 

1 See O'Hanlon's Lives of the Irish was Eas Danainne, ie., Danaan's 
Saints, vol. ii, p. 60. cataract. — Ann. Four Mast., ad A.D. 

2 Anciently the name of Doonass 1134. 





An ancient story quoted by O'Curry 1 gives the origin of 
the name of this district. It is to the effect that Cas, from 
whom the Dal Cais derive their distinctive race name, was 
the son of Conall of " the swift steeds" who was contempo- 
rary with the monarch Crimthann, A.D. 379. Cas had twelve 
sons, and from these were descended the various Dalcassian 
tribes. The twelfth son was Lugaidh Dclbaeth, or Lugaidh 
"the fire producer." He had six sons, and one daughter 
whose name was Acife. The " fire producer" had received a 
large territory from his father, and in time gave his daugh- 
ter in marriage to Trad, son of Tassach, who was a kingly 
chief and Druid, but one who owned little land. After some 
time Trad found himself the father of a numerous family 
and possessing only a small provision for their support. He 
prompted his wife to ask more land from her father. Lug- 
aidh acceded to her request, and bestowed upon her hus- 
band the territory that he himself had got from his own 
father. From the name of the new owner the district was 
designated Tradraighc, a name which it has preserved ever 
since. This is the legend, but how far it is deserving of 
credit Professor O'Curry does not say. The territory of 
Tradraighc comprised some of the richest land in Ire- 
land. In very early times it appears to have belonged 
to a branch of the O'Neills from the north. Their place 
of residence cannot be identified. 2 The name of these 
O'Neills wholly disappears from history, and the next 
thing we find in connection with Tradraighc is its occu- 

1 Manners and Customs of th* An- - See OTIeerin's Tofograf/dta! 

dent Irish. — Lecture io, Vol. ii., p. Description. 


pation, under a pretended grant from Brian Roe O'Brien, 
and from King Edward I., by the Englishman de Clare, who 
built the castle of Bunratty, at the south-eastern point of the 
district, in the year 1277. 1 His son was driven out by the 
O'Briens and Mac Namaras, and Tradraighe fell to the share 
of the latter named family, certain portions of it being also 
occupied by the Mac Clancys, Mac Inerneys, Mulconerys, 
and others. Its chieftain was Mac Xamara, Lord of West 
Clanculein. but O'Brien, as king of Thomond, was its Lord 

Some ancient Deeds of Mortgage of lands situated in 
Tradraighe have come down to our time ; I shall here 
transcribe them for the information of the reader. The first 
is published in O'Halloran's History of Ireland, and pur- 
ports to be of the date of the year 125 i. 2 

"In the name of God. Amen. This is the agreement 
of Dermot and John Oge, sons of David Cregan, relative to 
a mortgage they have from the heirs of Donogh, son of 
Aodh Boy Mac Xamara. 3 They assign to John, son of 
Aodh Mac Namara and his heirs, their right of pasturage 
for thirteen milch cows, on the lands of Leacan (now Cor- 
lack) and on half the lands of Corca-an-Cluy (part of the 
townland of Clonmoney), and the said John, son of Aodh, 
gave the said Dermot Cregan one sow on condition of getting 
possession of said lands. It shall not be in the power of 
Dermot to redeem said lands without the consent of John, 
son of Aodh, and that redemption is to be on the feast of 
St. John the Baptist in any year after the first year. Said 

1 Magrath's Wars of Thomond. — terberg at Ballysnllagh ; Fanyng at 

De Clare brought with him several Ballymacnevin ; Rochford at Kenna- 

followers, amongst whom he distri- domvil; Tnmherlach at Rathcorcran; 

tributed the territory of Tradraighe. Mailor at Ballycornneely ; Tuke at 

He placed his brother-in-law. Fitz- Clonloghan. M any others ofde Clare's 

mauiice. at Ratl.lahine; de Afibun at tenants are named. See Calendar of 

Cathymaohim : Bagot at Rineanna; State Pap •< rs, Inland, No. 459. 

Feppard at Carrigerry: Kingsat at '- O'Halloran. Vol. i., p. 21 1. 

Ballymarkahan ; Russell at Urlan ; 3 Aodh Boy Mac Namara. A sub- 

Flemyng at Clenagh; St. Allan at denomination of the townland of 

Ballygirreen ; Hiwys at Newmarket ; Bunratty, is still called Gurtaodhboy. 
de Leyudperunat Canigoran; de In- 


I3 3 

Dcrmot doth also assign to said John, son of Aodh, his 
title to Lisbroc, 1 and to one-half of Smith's island at what- 
ever time he redeems this mortgage, nor shall any other 
person have power to mortgage it for any other sum. The 
witnesses to this contract are God in the first place, and 
Conor Neylan ; Conor, son of John Mac Namara ; Ruan, 
son of Teige, son of John Mac Namara ; and Conor Mac 
Clancy. Moreover, the said John, son of Aodh, has paid to 
Murtagh Considine twenty ounces of refined gold to release 
the mortgage he had on John Oge Cregan's inheritance in 
the lands of Tullyvarraga, to say three months' liberty of 
ploughing in each year on that part called Tullaporein, one 
day and a half ditto ditto in Corlack, half the lea ground 
of Smith's island, and two-thirds of its pasturage liberty to 
build a house with bog and commonage, etc. It shall not 
be in the power of any one to redeem said lands from John, 
son of Aodh, but John Oge Cregan himself, and the pay- 
ment thereof is to be made in coined silver or dry stock, 
and the said John, son of Aodh, shall possess the said lands 
an entire year after such payment, said lands to pay two 
bons (groats) crown rent, and a reserved rent of one ounce 
of refined gold and two pennies to John Oge himself, and 
two groats to Dermot, son of John his brother, beside an 
ounce of refined gold given him for joining in this deed. 
The witnesses are, God in the first place, Conor Xealon, 
Conor son of John; the two sons of Teige, son of John, son 
of Mahone ; to wit, Donogh and John (Mac Namara), and 
Conor Mac Clancy. I, Thomas M'Clancy of Cluain-mac 
Diarmot, wrote this at Tullyvarraga, on the eve of St. 
Martin, in the year of our Lord 125 1." 

Subjoined is a translation of a Deed in the Irish 
language relating to the sale of lands in the same neigh- 
bourhood. It is taken from the fifteenth volume of the 
Transactions of the Royal Irish Academy. 

" This is the covenant between William son of John 

1 Lisbroc, not known now under that name. 


O'Farrell, and Conor son of John, son of Donald, son of 
Cumeadh Mac Namara of Aylebeg (near Bunratty), con- 
cerning the lower half quarter of Aylebeg ; and thus has 
said William acquired the fee simple of said land from 
Conor, viz. : — Said land being in pledge for a noble mulct 
with the Rodan famify the stewards of the Earl of Tho- 
mond, and Mac Con requested of said William to release 
the same and to give him (Mac Con) the crop, which he 
accordingly did. In consideration whereof the said Mac 
Con made over unto the said William and his descendants 
his right to said land. The premises are situate in the 
north-west part of the parish of Bunratty. These arc the 
boundaries of said land, viz., from the road of Clashquilin 
to the road of C Ion money, and from Toberincaca to the 
road of Ballybane. The proportion of the corcass of said 
land, namely in Corcagh-an-cloide and Rinelcacan, and 
the chargeable lands of Machair-na-sgeihe, Gurtnakilly, 
Gurt-na-leaghta, Gurt-an-tubber, the old orchard, and all 
the land that lies between them though not here named. 
The witnesses to said covenant are Siacus O'Conncllan, 
Vicar of Bunratty ; Teige, son of Mahone, son of John 
O'Carmody ; Teige, son of Flaithertach O'Liden ; Conor, 
son of David O'Rodan ; Mahone Finn, son of John O'Ro- 
dan ; Donogh Oge O'Rodan ; John, son of Conor O'Rodan ; 
Morogh O'Rodan, and Donogh, son of Donald O'Tornea, 
the clerk of Patrick. The bailiffs who gave possession of 
said lands, are the said Vicar of Bunratty, and Teige, the 
son of Mahone (O'Carmody), in the year of our Lord 1573. 
This is the hanwriting of Conor Mac Shane, on his giving 
the fee-simple of said lands to said William Mac Shane ; 
and I, Conor, do declare this to be my will, consent and 
intention, and do affirm same with my seal. I, Conry, son 
of Maurice son of Tornca (O'Mulconery) wrote this by con- 
sent of both parties on the green of Bunratty." 
5&* Tnip, CoiiAi|\e. C£T I. Torney O'Mulconry. 
(I. Conaire.) Murray O'Daly." 



■■^.■■i;- vf J«M"; J ill 

, -* ■>,{.?• f'.H^I |-;; ?X2HH3 ! 1 

7 >-'_.-r- 

■ < "" fe "f[!, :/ ■< 









Bunratty is derived from its situation at the confluence 
of the river O'Garncy, anciently called the Raitte, with the 

No saint is known as the patron of the parish. Its 
church is in excellent preservation, but without anything 
in its architecture or surroundings worthy of attention. 
From its size it seems to have served as a place of worship 
for the Earls of Thomond and their numerous retainers 
from the castle, as well as for the people of the parish 
generally. No other church existed in the parish ; two holy 
wells are found, that of Tobar Iosa, in the grounds belong- 
ing to the Glebe at Cocrlack, and Tobar na Macaiv, that is, 
the well of the young men, near the Roman Catholic chapel. 
Who these young men were cannot be ascertained. 

In the parish stands the castle of Bunratty, for a long 
time one of the principal residences of the Earls of Tho- 
mond, and occupying what must be regarded as a strong 
position before the improvements made in artillery. The 
officers' and servants' buildings, at one time surrounding the 
main edifice, no longer exist, these having been removed 
by the late Mr. Studdert, to supply materials for his house ; 
enough still remains to show the importance and extent of 
the home of a great noble of the olden time. Bunratty 
appears to have been at one time a market town. 1 The 
first castle of Bunratty was built by Robert de Mucegros, 
whose daughter and heir married Sir William Mortimer. 
It was surrendered to king Edward I. in 1275, and in the 
year following Geoffrey dc Gyamul took for the king the 
"castle of Bawred, w r ith the cantrcd of Tradery." It was 
then granted to Thomas dc Clare, and in 1277, he estab- 
lished himself in Thomond. That building was burned by 

1 Hand procul a Sinci ripa sedct Regni Hibcrnia. Authore Fra. Fran- 

Bumatty, cui olim jus mcrcatus et cisco Partero Roma/, A.D. 1690. In 

nurulinarum concessum. Compoi- the Library of the Franciscan lathers, 

tlium Annalium EccUsiast'uorum Dublin. 


the widow of Richard de Clare, immediately after the death 
of her husband in 131S. From an inscription on the top 
it is ascertained that the existing building was erected in 
i 397j by the O'Brien, who was then king of Thomond. 
It continued to be his residence and that of his descend- 
ants until 1646, at which date it was taken by the army 
of the Confederation of Kilkenny. Ever since it has 
ceased to be occupied by any member of the family. 
Several of the apartments remain in a good state of pre- 
servation, and give ample proof of the splendour of the 
former proprietors. The castle of Bunratty was the scene 
of many of the most important transactions connected 
with the history of Thomond ; these will be referred to in 
the course of the present work. After the departure of 
Earl Barnabas, the castle became the habitation of his 
tenants and their successors. In our time, it was the 
home of Mr. Studdert, father of the present tenant, who 
holds in fee-farm from the representative of the Earls of 
Thomond, and it is much to be regretted that he ever 
changed it for the modern, although commodious, residence 
he got erected in the neighbouring park. In the townland 
of Clonmoney stood a castle also belonging to the Earls 
of Thomond, but no trace of it now remains. Before 
O'Brien became owner of Bunratty, there is reason to 
believe that it belonged, together with the surrounding dis- 
trict, to a branch of the family of Macnamara. 1 


As far as can be ascertained, no patron saint existed 
for this parish. The church is very much ruined ; neither 
its name nor that of the parish itself has any connexion 

1 One of the very few cases of the for heresy. Hon. Robert O'Rrien, 

kind recorded in Irish history occurred note to Dineley's Tour. Journal of 

at Bunratty, where in 1353 the bishop the Archcrological Society, Vol. vi., 

of Waterford caused two Irishmen of 1S67, p. 8i>. 
the name of Mac Namara to be burnt 


with an ecclesiastical origin. Clonloghan signifies merely 
the plain of the chaff. The only other object of antiquity 
besides the church, found in the parish, is an old castle now 
wholly demolished, the property, in 15S0 of Donogh Mac 


This parish also has no saint as its patron. Its church 
is called after the townland of Dromline. The proper 
Irish name is Druim Laigean, signifying the hillside of 
the spears. 1 No holy well or other ancient object except 
two castles is to be seen in the parish. One of these, also 
situate in the townland of Dromline, in the year 15S0 
was in the possession of Mortogh O'Brien, 2 son of Conor, 
first Earl of Thomond. The other stands on the townland 
of Smithstown {Baile 71a gabhna) ; it was in the possession 
of John O'Maoelconery in 1580. Its remains subsist in very 
good preservation. 


Feenagh signifies a plain overgrown with brushwood, 
and it gave name to this parish and its church. The build- 
ing is in a good state of preservation, and is of comparatively 
modern date. One holy well, dedicated to St. Mochuille, 
and situated at Rathmore, is found in the parish, and only 
one castle, owned in 15S0 by the Earl of Thomond, that 
of Rosmanagher. It was inhabited until the middle of the 
present century by the tenants of the Earl's representatives. 

The townland of Ardkyle in this parish was long the 
residence of the learned family of the O'Maoelconerys, to 
whom frequent reference is made by the writers of the 

literary history of Ireland. Here they kept a school of 

1 Annals Four Masters, A.D. 1593. own town ol 

2 A.n. 1593. Murtagh, son of Conor, his son Conoi 
son of Turlogh O'lirien of Druim Four Masters 
Laighean, died and was buried in his 

1 \ Annals Four Masters, A.D. 1593. own town of Druim Lni^hean. and 
" a.d. 1593. Murtagh, son of Conor, his son Conor took his place. Ann. 


jurisprudence and of general literature, largely attended by 
the youth of the surrounding districts, and by strangers 
from remote parts of the country. Literary families like 
that of the O'Maoelconerys were settled in other localities of 
Thomond, and the beneficent influence exercised by such 
people on the youth of the country may be easily conceived. 
To enable these families to exercise the office of hereditary 
teachers, they had lands allotted to them free of tribute, 
while at the same time, the owners were exempt from every 
species of military or other service that might divert them 
from the great business of imparting instruction to youth. 
From the repeated references to members of this family, 
either as scribes or witnesses of the ancient Irish Deeds 
that have come down to us, it would appear they exer- 
cised the duty of deputy-brehons under the principal 
brehon family of Thomond, namely, the MacClancys. 
Their name was derived from Saint Conaire, patroness of 
Kilconry, the same who was forbidden by St. Serum to 
come upon his island of Iniscathy, and of whom Moore 
wrote the song, " Oh! haste and leave this sacred isle," &c. 
The following references to the writings of two of them are 
given here : — " The most valuable manuscript copy of 
Keating's History of Ireland is that in the Library of 
Trinity College (H. 5, 26). It is in the handwriting of John, 
son of Torna O'Maoelconery, of the Ardkyle family, 1 a most 
profound Irish scholar, and a contemporary of Keating. It 
was purchased at London by the late Dr. Todd." 2 In the 
preface to the Glossary of difficult Irish words, Brother 
Michael O'Clery, the chief of the Four Masters, thus writes 
of John O'Maoelconery: — "We have been acquainted with 
able professors of the science of interpreting difficult words 
in ancient Irish, such as the late John O'Maoelconery, the 
chief teacher in history of all the men of Erin in his own 
time." 3 He was Ard Ollamh, or laureate of Ireland, and 

1 This John O'Maoelconery lived Annals of Four Masters, Vol. i., p. 
about 1600-1660. xiii. 

2 Note by Dr. John O'Donovan in 3 Vide Glossary. Louvain, 1643. 




among other productions was the author of an Ode to 
Brian-na-Murtha O'Rourke, Prince of Brcifney, written 
about the year 1 $66} 


This parish has as its saint, a patroness of great celebrity. 
She is the Saint Conaire made so memorable by her 
exclusion from the island of lniscathy by St. Senan. The 
incident has been commemorated by Aloorc in one of the 
Irish Melodies. 

" Oh ! haste and leave this sacred isle, 
Unholy bark, ere morning smile ; 
For on thy deck, though dark it be, 
A female form I see ; 
And I have sworn this sainted sod 
Shall ne'er by woman's feet be trod." 

She sought St. Sen;in, and though, while living, she was 
excluded from his island, her remains were permitted to 
rest there after her death. She died early in life, about the 
year 530. A very full history of her acts is given by Colgan 2 
and by the Rev. John O'Hanlon in his learned work on 
the Lives of the Irish Saints? Her church is very much 
injured by time, and possesses no feature of interest. 

No holy well is found in Kilconry. Two castles 
stood there. One of these was situate in the island of 
Feenish, and belonged in 1580 to Bryan MacMahon, sur- 
named na-Foraire (of the ambushes), and the other at 
Stonehall (Baile-na-cloiche), the property, in that year, of 
Teige MacClancy. . It should be mentioned that Saint 
Senan founded a church on Feenish Island, but no trace of 
it remains, nor is there any tradition amongst the people 
that such a religious institution ever existed. 4 Yet it is 
clearly stated in the life of the saint, that in his time, 

1 Ilardiman's Irish Minstrelsy, Vol. 3 Vol. i., p. 46 1. 

ii„ p. 286. 4 See Acta S.S. Ilibernia, March 

- Ada S.S, Hib., January 28. Sth. Life of St. Senan 


St. Bridget, the daughter of Conchraid, of the family of 
Mactalius, presided over a convent of nuns in Fecnish. 1 


This parish has a name of ecclesiastical origin, but its 
patron cannot be discovered amongst the saints enumerated 
in the Irish calendars. The church is very much dilapi- 
dated, and it has no peculiarity demanding description. Only 
one holy well, called Tobar Mailiaraidh, is found in the 
parish. There is a lios, named Knockadoon. Three castles, 
in very good preservation, stand in the parish of Kilma- 
leery. These are — Urlan, inhabited in 1580 by Murtagh 
MacClancy 2 ; Bodavoher, the property in that year of 
Donagh MacClancy. and Clenagh, not mentioned in the 
Trinity College MS. list of the Castles of Thomond. If it 
existed in 1580, it must have belonged to a member of the 
family of MacMahon. 


Subhallach signifies religious, and Kilnasoolagh means 
the Church of the Religious People. In the History of the 
Wars of T/iomond,frequent mention is made of Kilnasoolagh. 
It is there stated, that in 131 1, a meeting took place at Kil- 
nasoolagh, between Mahone O'Brien and Loghlen Reagh 
O'Dea ; and it is further recorded that, in the following year, 
the church was plundered by Murtagh O'Brien. As regards 
the old church not a fragment of it now remains ; the 
Protestants pulled it down and built a new one on its site. 
A very fine marble monument, erected to the memory of 
Sir Donogh O'Brien Bart., of Leimanch and Dromoland, 
stands in the church. It is the work of Roubilliac, the 
well-known monumental sculptor, and represents the first 

1 Trias T/iaum., p. 612. - TJrla, signifies long coarse grass. 


baronet in a white marble figure of excellent workmanship. 
Various tombs and inscriptions relating to the O'Briens of 
Dromoland, to the Singletons, the Colpoys, and other 
families of the neighbourhood, exist in the church. Kilna- 
soolagh parish has but one holy well, situated near Athsolas 
])riJ' r e, and strange to say, not dedicated to any particular 
saint. Castles are numerous in the parish. At Rathfolan 
is one almost level with the ground, belonging in 15S0 to 
Donogh O'Brien, of Lcimanch; Ballysallagh, the property 
at the same date of Tcige, son of Murrogh O'Brien, brother 
of the above ; and Ballynacragga, the abode of Treny (?) 


At the date of the 28th of April, The Martyrology of 

Donegal has the following entry : " Luichtighern mac Ua 
Trato. It is he that is at Tuaim-fionnlocha, in Tratraighe. 
Brigh, daughter of Forannan, son of Conall, son of Tochtan, 
son of Amhalgaidh, sister of Maclaithghin, was his mother." 
The Life of Mac Creiche states, chap. 12, that " it was 
there at (Tomfinlough) Luightighern was." Not only was 
he there, but at Ennistymon also, of which parish he was 
patron before he fesigned the rule of the church of that 
place to St. Manchin. In addition to the fact of Tomfin- 
lough being the church of Luightighern, the twelfth chap- 
ter of The Life of Mac Creiche relates other interesting 
particulars touching the career of the saint. It mentions that 
the district of Corcomroe being over-run and plundered 
by the Connaughtmen, the inhabitants sent a deputation 
to Emly, to request of St. Ailbhe to persuade their kins- 
man, MacCreiche, who was then staying there, to come 
home and intercede with the ruler of Con naught, upon 
their behalf. MacCreiche immediately complied, and 
coming with his disciple Manchin, they made Tomfin- 
lough one of the halting places of their journey. There 
they met Luightighern, and they persuaded him to 


bear them company the following Tuesday, on their 
errand of peace. They arrived at Cairn-mic-Tail, near 
Ennistymon, and found the tribes of Corcomroe waiting to 
receive them. Other particulars of the life of this holy 
man are related in the same place. The period at which 
he lived may be inferred from the date of the death of 
St. Ailbhe, of Emly in the year 541. 1 Parts of the walls 
of the old church of Tomfinlough appear to be of great 
antiquity, while other portions of the building arc of com- 
paratively modern construction. The mason work has been 
pulled down in various places to enable successive genera- 
tions of occupants to insert windows in the walls. An 
addition seems to have been made to the length of the 
structure long after its original foundation. Judging from 
the appearance of the surrounding ruins, it is evident that 
some conventual buildings existed in former days. A large 
graveyard surrounds the church, containing nothing requir- 
ing particular notice, except a tomb belonging to the family 
of Hewitt.' 2 

On the townland of Mooghaun are the remains, now 
almost obliterated, of a cahir of great dimensions, and from 
its appearance, the residence, evidently, of a principal chief 
in ancient times. Three circular walls of stone surrounded 
it, like Dun Aengus in Arran, and like other important 
fortresses found scattered through Ireland. Who were its 
owners it is impossible now to say, no record of their exist- 
ence having come down to us. That they were great and 
powerful is manifest from the size and strength of their 
stronghold. In the immediate vicinity, when the railway 
between Limerick and Ennis was being constructed, an 
immense find of ancient gold ornaments was discovered. 
Various castles stood in the parish, and we proceed to give 
a list of them, with their owners, in 15S0. Ballycar, no 

1 These particulars are condensed dall's Menasticon Hiiernicum, Vol. i. 

from a learned note, believed to be p. Sj. 

written bv Professor O'Luoney, in - Now represented by Mr. Robert 

Cardinal 'Moran's edition of Arch- Hewitt, of Granahan. 


trace of which now remains, having been pulled down about 
a century ago, by the family who then owned the place, to 
supply materials for other buildings. It belonged to Donagh 
O'Brien. Granaghan, in a tolerably good state of preserva- 
tion, owned by Donald, son of Shecda Mantagh (toothless), 
MacNamara. Mooghaun, which yet stands in perfect pre- 
servation, was the property of Matthew MacNamara. 1 
Rathlaheen castle belonged to Donald, son of Shecda Mac 

Only one holy well is found in the parish of Tomfin- 
lough. It is situated in the vicinity of the church, and is 
not dedicated to any particular saint. 

The following Deed, translated from the Irish, relates to 
lands belonging to this parish. They form a subdenomi- 
nation of the townland of Rathlaheen : — 

" Be it known to all who shall hear this writing, that I, 
Conor O'Brien, Earl of Thomond, 2 have given the half 
quarter of Gurtfinn, in Tuaimfinlogh, unto John Mac 
Xamara in mortgage for twelve in-calf cows ; and I the 
said Conor O'Brien, do declare, that I and my descendants 
are bound to secure and maintain the said half quarter unto 
MacXamara and his descendants until the time of its re- 
demption, and I acknowledge that same is not redeemable at 
Michaelmas, by one day's impounding (-60 ^oban en, 
and in acknowledgment of my receiving the said consider- 
ation, and giving said land for same, I, Conor O'Brien, do set 
my hand unto this Indenture. The witnesses are Anthony 
O'Loghlen, that is The O'Loghlen ; Conor Mac Gilla 
Riaba; Rory, son of Donogh ; and Shecda, son of Rory 
MacXamara). In the year of our Lord 1562. Conor 
Thomond (in English characters)." 

In the Annals of the Four Masters the following refer- 
ences are made to the monastery of Tomfinlough :— 

-vi». 944- Scanlan Abbot of Tomfinlough died. 

omb is found in Quin Abbey. - This Conor was the third Earl of 

r3 > P- 54 • Thomond. 



A.D. 1049. Tuathal O'Muirgheasa, lecturer of Tomfin- 
lough died. 

A.D. 1054. Turlough O'Brien, with the Connaughtmcn, 
went into Thomond, committed great depredations, killed 
Hugh, the son of Kennedy, and plundered Tomfinlough. 


This district,comprising the greater part of the celebrated 
mountain of Sliabh Echtghc, from which it takes its name, 
is mentioned in MacNamara's Rent Roll as a distinct terri- 
tory, but in no other authority is it referred to in that 
character. It comprised the whole of the large parish of 
Feakle. We do not find that it formed the estate of any 
particular sept at any period of our history. Before the 
year 13 18, it was a part of the country of the Ui Bloid, and 
it is still placed in the Deanery of that name, or as it is 
Anglicised, O'AIullod. It is likely that it originally formed 
part of O'Shanahan's country. 


How this name is derived no one can say with certainty. 
In Irish it signifies " tooth," but whose tooth this particular 
molar was no one can tell. Two churches, in other parts of 
Ireland, derive their name of Feakle from St. Patrick's 
teeth, one in Tipperary, and the other in Armagh. Accord- 
ing to local tradition, the patron saint of the parish is 
Mochonna ; but out of the eleven saints of that name in 
the Irish calendars, it is difficult to choose the particular 
one who was reverenced at Feakle. Further difficulty is 
thrown in the way of finding out the good man by the fact 
that the only holy well in the parish, situated in the townland 
of Flagmount, is dedicated to St. Mochuille, the patron saint 
of the parish of Tulla. The ancient parish church, which stood 
in the village of Feakle, was thrown down in 1780, to make 
room for the Protestant place of worship. The castle of 
Feakle (properly Lccarrow). belonged in 1580 to Donald 



Reagh MacNamara, and is now utterly demolished. One 
other castle existed in the parish, namely, that of Lea"-- 
hort, the property of the same Donald Reagh. In the 
townland of Ballycroum is a well, called Tobar Graine, 
placed in the middle of a bog, with a large flag over it. 
Although not named after any saint, large numbers of people 
flock to it for the cure of their diseases. x\bout two hun- 
dred yards to the west of this well is a curious cromlech, 
now called Altoir Oltach, from the circumstance that a 
priest, who had fled from Ulster in the penal times/made it 
an altar for the celebration of Mass. No other object of 
antiquarian interest remains in the parish except a small 
church and graveyard, in the townland of Fahy. The lake 
of Lough Graney, so-called from a district designated Grian 
Echtghe, in the topographical poem of O'Doogan ; and in 
other writings described as forming the extreme southern 
boundary of the principality of Hy Mania, mcans-thc lake of 
the district called " Grian," and it is situated in this parish. 
The word, as appied to this lake has no connection whatever 
with the sun. The lake is celebrated in the facetious poem 
called Cui]\c a tneo'o&n Omce (" The Midnight Court"), 
the production of Bryan Merryman MacNamara, a native of 
the district. 1 

1 The autograph original of this in 1839, when O'Donovan wrote the 
poem was in the possession of An- topographical account of Clare for the 
thony Howard, of Miltown Malbay Ordnance Survey. 




IN 1318. 


THE records of Thomond, preserved in the works of the 

annalists of Ireland are very scanty, so far as regards the 

early history of the district. There is an ancient poem, 

which appears to be a compilation from still earlier works, 

^tc^si. Where h is Stated that ' after the ovei "throw of the>irbolgs 

he crtfs^ 7 the Tuatha De Danaans, in the great battle fought 

J^^at Moytura, near Cong, in the County of Gahvay, they 

a^-,S2- ned from the country, part of them taking refuge in the 

**h*? . Hebrides. Thence they were driven out by the Picts, 

and they again sought refuge in Ireland. They came in 

the reign of Cairbre Nia-fear, shortly before the date of the 

Christian era. At that epoch they were known as the sons 

of Umor, and were led by their native chief Aengus, the 

son of Umor. They besought king Cairbre to give them 

some land in Meath, and they professed their readiness to 

pay him a sufficient tribute for the accommodation they 

should receive. The king complied with their request, but 

required them to give sureties for their good conduct. They 

gave pledges accordingly in the persons of four of their 

principal men. Soon finding the burdens placed upon 

them by the avaricious monarch too heavy to be borne, they 

resolved to fly from his rule and take refuge in Connaught, 

where they hoped to conciliate the favour of Ailill and 

Mcdhbh (Maev), the king and queen of that province. They 


set out accordingly by night with all their property, crossed 
the Shannon in safety, and were allowed to settle in the 
southern parts of the province, more particularly in the 
present counties of Galway and Clare, the latter forming at 
that time part of Connaught Aengus, their chief, estab- 
lished himself in the isles of Arran, and built the noble 
stone fortress that bears his name, and remains almost per- 
fect to this da)' — Dun Aengus, in the great island. Cutra, 
another son of Umor, settled at Lough Cutra (Lough 
Cooter) ; Conall, a third son, at Aidhne in the same district; 
Adhar, a fourth son, at Magh Adhar, where in after times 
grew the oak tree under which the Dalcassian chieftains were 
inaugurated ; Dael and Endach, the fifth and sixth sons, at 


Daelach, on the river Davil, on the coast of Burrin, and 
at Teach Endaich, at the north of Ennistymon, near Lis- 
doonvarna. 1 From the Life of St. Sendn, and other 
sources, we learn that the part of the county now called 
Ibrickan, Moyarta, and Clonderalaw, was inhabited by a 
race called Ui Bascain, and that the barony of Lower Bun- 
ratty was the patrimony, in very early times, long before 
the Dalcais existed, of a sept called Ui Sedna. Of these 
people scarcely any mention is made in ancient history. In 
a previous part of this work, where a description of Mount 
Callan is given, an extract from the Annals of the Four 
Masters is produced, giving the very earliest name of any 
people inhabiting Thomond. These were called the Mar- 
tini, but no further allusion to them is made by Irish 

With these scanty references we must pass on to the 

__ l MacLiag's account of the Cam Irish. Vol. ii., Lee. 6, p. 122, and Vol. 
Conall in O' Curry's Lectures, on the iii. Lee. 22, p. 74. The places last 
Manners and Customs of the Ancient mentioned cannot be identified. 


period immediately preceding the times of Brian Boroimhc, 
when the history of Thomond really begins. The story of 
the O'Briens forms the central point, and around it the his- 
tory of the whole people of Thomond generally groups 
itself. They were always the chiefs, and their vicissitudes, 
whether they were prosperous or unfortunate, ever swayed 
the destinies of their kindred and followers, the inhabitants 
of Clare. As is well known, that great family was descended 
from the hereditary kings of the southern half of Ireland, who 
had their royal residence at Cashel. Lachtna, the uncle 
of Brian Boroimhc, was king of North Munstcr ; he estab- 
lished his home at Cragliath, in the neighbourhood of 
Killaloe, and there, about the year 953, built his royal 
palace, called after him Grianan Lachtna. His reign was 
only for three years, and he was succeeded by his nephew, 


Mahone, in 954. By the death of the king of Cashel, Mahonc 
united in himself the sovereignity of the southern as well as 
the northern part of Munstcr, and reigned over these 
for a period of sixteen years. He fought various battles 
against the Connaughtmen, and others of his foes, but the 
chief objects of his hostilities were the Danes. Against 
these he waged perpetual war. He beat them in 968, at 
Salchoid, now Salloghed, near the Limerick Railway Junc- 
tion, and slew 3,000 of their number, with Manus of 
Limerick, their commander. Again, in 970, he was equally 
successful against Ivcr of Limerick, another of their leaders. 
He fought and vanquished the united forces of the Danes 
of Cork, Watcrford, and Limerick in the year 975. After 
a successful reign, distinguished by his patriotic efforts to 
rid his country of its foreign invaders, Mahonc came to 
an untimely end by the treachery of the chief of the 



His successor to the sovereignty of all Munster was his 
brother Brian " the Augustus of the West of Europe "* sur- 
named Boroimhe, from the tributes of cattle levied by him 
from every part of Ireland. As the story of this remark- 
able man's life belongs rather to the history of Ireland than 
to a particular district, we shall not here refer to it further 
than where it relates to matters connected with Thomond. 
He annihilated the power of the Danes of Limerick, utterly 
routing them and driving them from that place, and from 
Iniscathy, their stronghold on the Shannon. 2 From the 
annals of these times it is evident that the Northmen must 
have flocked in great numbers into Ireland. Their armies are 
spoken of as numbering thousands of fighting men. In the 
single fight on Iniscathy in 977, Brian put to the sword no 
less than eight hundred of them, with Harold and his two 
sons at their head. 3 He afterwards proceeded to the other 
islands of the Shannon and put every foreigner whom he 
found there to death. He successively defeated the Con- 
naughtmen, the Leinstermen, 4 the Danes of Dublin, and 
finally had himself crowned king of all Ireland in 1002. 
After thus attaining to the highest point of his ambition, 
he still pursued the Danes with unrelenting hostility, until 
at length, having fought twenty-five battles against them, 
he practically cleared the island of them, after they had 
maintained a footing there for two hundred years. Clontarf 
was the spot where they made their supreme effort. There, 
after an obstinate .fight, they were defeated on Good Friday, 
the 23rd of April, 1014, and utterly destroyed. Brian lost 
his life on the day of battle. 

During all the years of his reign he devoted himself with 
great energy and success to the improvement of the country 

1 .-/ itnah of Four Masters, A.D. 1014. 4 a.d. 9S2. Dalcais was phin- 

Annals of Ulster. dered by Maelsaghlin, King of Lerns- 

■I.-L-m, A.D. 977. ter, and the tree of Aeiiach Maisjh 

Annals of Itiisf alien, A.D. 975. Adhair cut down. Ann. Lour Mast. 


and to the civilization of its people. He built and repaired 
many churches and bridges. He erected Ceann Coradh as 
his royal residence in 1012. 1 He rebuilt the churches of 
Killaloe and Iniscaltra. He repaired the round tower 
(Clogteach) of Tomgraney. He erected bridges and made 
roads, he constructed fortresses for the defence of every 
post in Munster, and finally, did everything that a good 
king should do to make the condition of his subjects secure 
and happy. 2 

If it were not recorded on unquestionable authority, the 
quantity of tribute paid to Brian, in each year during his 
rule as king of Ireland, would appear incredible. From 
the present baronies of Corcomroe and Burren alone, he 
received annually a thousand cows, a thousand oxen, a 
thousand rams, and a thousand cloaks ; and from Corca- 
baskin, a thousand cows and a thousand oxen. All the re- 
maining parts of Thomond, being the patrimony of the Dal 
Cais, appear to have been exempted from taxation. Every 
other district of Ireland contributed with equal liberality, 
and these enormous supplies were devoted to purposes of 
the most lavish hospitality. A large body of armed 
retainers were constantly maintained about the person and 
palace of the king. Subordinate kings had to be received 
and entertained at Ceann-Coradh, and we have a descrip- 
tion of these State receptions as given by an eye witness, 
which agrees in a singular manner with the accounts of the 
banquets of the earlier kings of Ireland at Tara. 3 


After the death of Brian, his two sons Teige and Donogh 
reigned over the southern half of Ireland conjointly. By 
the contrivance of his younger brother, Teige was treachcr- 

1 Ann. Four Masters. Royal Irish Academy ' ; — And see in 

8 Keating's History of Ireland, A.D. lliis volume under the head " KiE- 

1012, p. co. aloe" a description of Brian's gieat 

a ine l'ttrie's Descrifticn of Turn 1 anquets, p. 176. See also O'Duno- 

ia \ ol. xviii. of ' Tian^octions of the %ai. 3 Lc.k uj /lights, p. 43. 


ously put to death by the people of Eily, but Donogh in 
expiation of his crime betook himself to Rome and died 
there in a monastery. While Donogh ruled, the annalists 
record that the season of 1050 was so inclement that food 
of every kind both for man and beast perished. Dishonesty 
and selfishness were the result of the calamity, and so great 
were the robberies that Donogh had to summon a meeting 
of the clergy and chieftains at Killaloe. There, certain 
ordinances were enacted which had the effect of speedily 
repressing every species of injustice ; peace and favourable 
weather were, as stated by the ancient historians, the con- 
sequence of these beneficent regulations. 1 During the 
government of Donogh, Thomond was invaded by the 
Connaughtmen, under their king Hugh O'Connor, and the 
inauguration tree of Magh Adhar cut down. 2 Soon after- 
wards, it is recorded, Donald Roe O'Brien was slain by 
O'Hynes, Lord of the territory lying between Gort and 
Kinvara, at that time called Ui Fiachrach Aidhne, and 
that Turlogh, grandson of Brian Boroimhe, vanquished 
Murrogh O'Brien, called Murrogh of the Short Shield, and 
killed four hundred of his men, together with fifteen chief- 
tains. 3 Murrogh was another grandson of Brian, and 
appears to have been a man of violence ; he was slain in 
1068, by the people of Westmeath while on a plundering 
expedition in that country. 4 


On the departure of Donogh to Rome in 1064, the 
government of South Munster was conferrrd on his 
nephew Turlogh. His reign was long and fortunate. 
He died at Ceann Coradh in 1086, and was buried in the 
Cathedral church of Killaloe. His wife was Gormliath, 
daughter of O'Fogarty. She died in 1077, "after she 
had distributed much wealth among churches and amongst 

!. '/""■ FoHr Masten t a. d. 1050. 3 Idem, a. d. 1055. 

•Idem, a.d. 1051. * Idem, A.D. loocS. 


the poor of the Lord for the welfare of her soul." 1 In 
the time of Turlogh, Maoelisa, archbishop of Armagh, made 
a visitation into Munster to collect an ancient impost 
called the tribute of Patrick. This was paid to him in 
what is described as scraballs, a kind of silver coin weighing 
24 grains, and in offerings of other kinds. 2 Shortly before 
the date of his death Turlogh invaded Connaught, and 
after despoiling the country about Westport, expelled Rory 
O'Connor from the government of the province. 3 Imme- 
diately afterwards he led his forces to Dublin, and com- 
pelled Maclseachlan, king of Leinster to become tributary 
to him. 4 After a long illness, he died in the seventy- 
seventh year of his age. His eldest son Teige " died 
in his father's bed," also in the same month of June,' J 
and was buried with his parent in the church of Killaloe. 


Turlogh was succeeded by his second son, Murtagh 
More, whose first act was to attack the Leinster men. In a 
battle at Rath Edair he utterly routed them, and compelled 
them to acknowledge his sovereignty. 6 He subsequently 
proceeded to invade Connaught, by means of boats on the 
Shannon and on Lough Ree. There he was repulsed by his 
brother-in-law, Rory O'Connor, with the loss of his vessels, 
and, for some time, of his personal liberty." O'Connor 
afterwards took steps to organise a force for the invasion of 
Murtagh More's kingdom. He secured the aid of Donald 
MacLoghlen O'Neill, King of Ireland, and both repaired 
with their united forces to Munster. " They burned Lime- 
rick, plundered the plain of Munster as far as Emly, Loch^ur, 
Bruree, Dunaiched, and Dromin ; they carried off the 
head of the son of Caileach O'Ruarc from the hills of 

1 Ann. Four Mast., A.D. 1077. 5 Idm, a.d. 10S6. 

-Idem, a.d. 10GS. ti Idem, A.D. 1067. 

:! Idem, a. v. 1019. r Arm. limfitlUn, a.d. 10S9. 
4 Idem, a.d. ioSo. 


Singland ; and they obtained eight score heroes, foreigners 
and Irish, as hostages. The chief of these hostages was 
Madadan O'Kenncdy, the son of Congalach OTIogan (of 
Ardcrony, four miles to the north of Xcnagh), and the son 
of Eochaid O'Lynch. Cows, horses, gold, silver, and flesh 
meat were afterwards given in ransom for these young men 
by Murtagh More." 1 With a view to the general advantage 
of the country a meeting was convened, and attended by 
the provincial kings — namely, by Donald O'Neill, of Ulster; 
Murtagh More O'Brien, of Cashcl ; Donald O'Mcalachlin, 
of Meath; and Rory O'Connor, o( Connaught. Here it was 
agreed that O'Neill, conformably to the ancient institutions, 
should be the sole King of Ireland. After so deciding they 
parted in perfect harmony. Their good accord was not of 
long duration, as we find O'Brien very soon afterwards 
invading the territory of Meath, and suffering a signal defeat 
at Magh Lena. He attacked, in succession, the people of 
Galway, of Leinster, of Offaly, of the northern parts of Con- 
naught, and of Ulster, with varied results. Indeed, his 
whole time seemed to have been employed in aggressions 
on his neighbours of the north and east of Ireland.' 2 He 
carried his arms into the remote north, and demolished the 
palace of Grainan Ailcach, near Deny, the seat of the 
northern kings. He ordered that his men should bring 
back with them to Limerick a stone of the ruined building 
" for every sack of provisions they had," his object being to 
avenge the injury done to Ceann-Coradh by Donald Mac 
Loghlen O'Neill some time before, It is mentioned that 
these stones were afterwards built into the tower of the 
existing cathedral of Limerick. 3 Murtagh More combined 
with his bclicose tastes some religious instincts. He made 
a gift of Cashel, with its buildings, to the bishop, Ua 
Dunain, and ordered that it should be appropriated to 
religious uses for ever. 4 On the occasion of a visit to 

I Ann. Four Mast., A.D. 10SS. 3 Idem, A.D. 1 101. 

- Idem, a.d. icyo, ioyi, 1092, 1093. 4 Idem, a.d. iioi. 


Armagh he presented to the church there, eight ounces of 
gold and three hundred and sixty cows. 1 He attended the 
synod convened at Fiad-mic-Aengusa in YVcstmcath lor the 
reform of abuses, and in various ways showed his devotion 
to the interests of order and morality. During his reign, 
the death is recorded of Cormac Ua Finn, chief lector of 
Dalcais ; of Ua Mailcain, chief poet of Dalcais; of Magrath, 
chief poet of Munster ; and of Gilla Patrick O'Duvrata, 
lector of Killaloc. About the middle of the year 1 1 14 he 
was seized with a fit of sickness, which reduced him to the 
condition of a skeleton. Finding that his capacity for pro- 
secuting further acts of turmoil was gone, he resigned the 
government of his kingdom. His brother Dermot assumed 
the reigns of power without permission, but was soon de- 
prived of authority by the warlike Murtagh. Advantage 
had been taken of his inability to fight, and the men of 
Ulster and Leinster had visited Dalcais for purposes of 
plunder. They were met by the inhabitants, and a bloody 
battle was fought at Tulla O'Dea, with no decisive result. 
Murtagh, although in feeble health, could not permit that 
any invasion of his territories should be made with impunity, 
and he accordingly led an army into Leinster; finding him- 
self incapable of acting the part of a general, he resigned 
his power into the hands of his brother Dermot. The 
Connaughtmen, taking advantage of his absence, pillaged 
Thomond, as far as Limerick, but Dermot soon avenged 
himself by carrying the war in turn into their country. He 
did not survive his accession to power long, for he died at 
Cork in 11 18, and he was followed to the grave in the fol- 
lowing year by his able brother Murtagh. The latter was 
buried in the church of Killaloc. Dermot O'Brien left six 
sons, viz., Conor na-Catharac, so called from a cahir built 
by him in Lough Dcrg; Turlogh, Teige Glae, Dermot Finn 
a man of violent character ; Dermot Don, of whom we have 

1 Idem, a.d. 1 1 30. 


no account, and Donogh, who became bishop of Killaloe in 
1161. 1 

Conor-na-Catharach was inaugurated King of Munster 
in succession to his father, and at the same time his brother 
Turlogh became King of Thomond. During Conor's reign of 
twenty-two years he led his forces successively into Meath, 
Connaught, and Leinster. Joined by MacMurrogh, King of 
Leinster, he laid siege to Watcrford, then held by the Danes, 
who were the owners of 200 ships. The foreigners surren- 
dered the town and gave hostages for tlieir future good 
behaviour. In 1 141, just two years afterwards, he compelled 
the Danes of Dublin to submit to him as their king, and he 
likewise reduced to subjection the MacCarthy's of South 
Munster. In the course of his reign, Thomond was the scene 
of two raids by the people of Connaught. The first was in 
1 1 19, when they possessed themselves of Killaloe, and the 
next, five years later, when Turlogh O'Connor conveyed a 
fleet of boats over Eas Danaire, now called the falls of Doo- 
nass, and plundered the shores of the lower Shannon, as far 
as Faing (Foynes Island). The death of Conor-na-Catharach 
occurred at Killaloe, in the year 1142. He was succeeded 
in the government of Munster by his brother Turlogh, who, 
up to that time, had been King of Thomond. 2 

No time was lost by Turlogh on his accession to power 
in showing his prowess to his neighbours. He plundered 
Leinster forthwith but brought away no booty. His next 
exploit was to cut down the Ruidh Bheithagh (the red birch 
tree), under which the O'Hynes were inaugurated chiefs, 

1 The bishop had been a widower age of Ireland, by Archdall, Vol. ii.. 

at the time of his ordination. His p. 13. 

descendants became a powerful fa- 2 The story o<" Conor-na-Catharach 

mily in Clare; said to be represented is taken from the Annals of tin Four 

in 1770, by Francis O'Brien, of Masters. 
O'Brien's Castle. See Lodge's Peer- 


at Roevehagh, in the county of Gahvay. Next he ravaged 
the O'Kelly's country in Gahvay, and made a prisoner of 
Teige O'Kelly, their chief. Then he invaded Leinstcr a 
second time, with more success than attended his first ex- 
pedition. Lastly he harried Meath and Dublin ; but whilst 
he was employed on that work his own dominions of 
Thomond were plundered by Turlogh O'Connor, with his 
Connaughtmen. ' This was not his only misfortune, for 
O'Connor joined his brother, Teige Glae O'Brien, in 
deposing him from his sovereignty and driving him as a 
fugitive into Kerry. He was determined, however, not to 
give up his power without a struggle. He assembled his 
forces, and prepared to do battle against O'Connor and 
MacMurrogh, of Leinster, both of whom had united their 
men in a plundering expedition into Munster. The 
armies met at Moinmore, near Emly. A sanguinary en- 
gagement ensued, in which the Munstermen were utterly 
routed, with the loss 1 of seven thousand men slain. Among 
these were the following chief men belonging to Thomond : 
Murtagh. the nephew of Turlogh, and his heir-apparent ; 
Lughaid and Conor, his cousins ; Cumara Beg, Lord of Ui 
Caisin,- two of the O'Kennedys, of Gleann Omra; eight of the 
O'Deas; nine of the O'Shanahans ; five of the O'Quins; five 
of the O'Gradys; twenty-four of the O'Hogans; four of the 
O'Hehirs; four of the O'Neills (buidhe), of Clann Delbhaithe 
in Tradraighe ; and five of the O'Aherns. Only one shat- 
tered battalion of the Dalcais survived the dreadful 
slaughter. Turlogh was obliged to fly, and O'Connor 
assumed full power over Munster, ravaging the country in 
all directions according to his good pleasure. Loss of life 
by famine followed his proceedings, as a natural conse- 
quence. He divided Munster into two parts, assigning to 
MacCarthy the southern division, and the northern to the 
O'Briens, namely to the two brothers, Turlogh and Teige 

1 a.d.i 151. Four Masters. Dalcais, died. Ann. of Inisf alien. 

A.n. 115S. Donald O'Lonenjan, A.D. 1159. Donald MacNamara 

Archbishop of Cashed, of the tribe of was drowned in the Shannon. 


Glae. Shortly afterwards he banished Turlogh to the 
north of Ireland, and left Teige sole ruler of North Munster. 
Teige's authority, so conferred, was not left long uncon- 
tested, for O'Neill led an army of northerns to Thomond, 
and by their means defeated his forces, and restored 
Turlogh to the sovereignty. This man appears to have 
been a sort of shuttle-cock between O'Neill, of Ulster, 
and O'Connor, of Connaught, who deposed and again 
restored him at will. At length, in 1165, he resigned in 
favour of his eldest son, Murtagh, but he resumed his 
authority in the following year. His death happened in 
1 167, presumably at Killaloe. He was succeeded by his 
eldest son, Murtagh-na-dun-na-sgiath, who, having been 
killed by his cousin, Conor O'Brien, in the year following, 
was succeeded by his brother, Donald More. 


Almost the first act of Donald More, after his accession 
to power, was to deprive of sight his brother, Brian na 
Sleibhe, who had been inaugurated King of Ormond. This 
inhuman procedure of blinding their enemies was commonly 
practicsd by the O'Briens about this time. Several in- 
stances of it are recorded, but we refrain from further 
dwelling on the revolting fact Donald More lost no time in 
imitating the aggressive practices of his ancestors. He fought 
several engagments with Rory O'Connor, King of Con- 
naught, who had came to Munster in 1 169 to inflict punish- 
ment upon the Dal Cais for the murder of his half-brother 
Murtagh-na-dun-na Sgeath in the previous year. O'Connor 
was accompanied by O'Ruarc. They met O'Brien at Aine- 
Cliach (Knockany), and exacted from him as an eric, for 
the death of the murdered man, seven hundred and twenty 
euws. 1 The strife between the people of Munster and the 

x Ann. Four Matter;, A.D. 11 69. 


Connaughtmcn continued almost without interruption for 
four years, with varied results ; ultimately O'Brien bethought 
him of calling in the aid of the English. With that object in 
view he swore homage and allegiance to Henry II., and ob- 
tained in return the support of FitzStephens and his party 
of mercenary adventurers. That was the first occasion in 
which the English gained a footing in Munstcr. 1 O'Brien 
was not long faithful to his new allies ; in 1174, joined by 
several others of the Irish chieftains, he gave battle to the 
English at Thurles and routed them with the loss of 
seventeen hundred of their best men killed. At Limerick 
likewise he attacked and drove out of the city many others 
of the invaders. 2 Again in 1185, he routed the English 
under John. He invaded Galway, and saw his own 
territory invaded in turn by Cathal O'Connor, and his town 
and palace at Killaloe burned. After living for some years 
longer a life of strife and contention he died in 1194, and 
Murtagh Dall, his eldest son, assumed his place. Of 
Murtagh Dall's story nothing has come down to us except 
what is told by Bishop O'Brien in his pedigree of the family 
published in the Collactanea de Rebus Hibemicis of 
Vallency. There it is stated, that shortly after his ac- 
cession to the Sovereignty of Thomond, he was taken 
prisoner by the English and deprived of sight. His brother, 
Conor Roe, was inaugurated king in succession, but his 
tenure of power was not long, inasmuch as he was dethroned 
in 1 198, and deprived of life by his nephew in 1201. 
Another of the brothers, Murtagh Finn, struggled for the 
possession of the Government, but the third son of Donald 
was the one who finally succeeded in establishing his right 
to the throne of his father. His name was Donogh Cair- 

1 Lodge, Vol. ii, p 14. a.d. 1171. naught, plundered O'Liddy, of Tho- 

a.d. 1 1 70. Lorcan L'a h Echthi- mond- Four Mast. 

ghern (Ahem) was slain by the sons - Four Mast. a.d. 1174-1176. 

of MacNamara, and the Ui Caisin. a.d. 11S2. Brian, son of Turlogh 

Four Mast. O'Brien, was slain by Regnal Mac- 

a.d. 1 171. The O'Connors, of Con- Namara Beg. Four Mast. 


breach, so called from the place of his education, Cairbreach 
Aova, now Kenry, in the county of Limerick. With a deter- 
mination to render himself supreme over his brother he allied 
himself with the English. Having done homage to King 
John at Waterford, he purchased from that monarch, the 
lands of Carrigoguinniol, in the county of Limerick, 
together with its lordship, for himself and his heirs for ever 
at the yearly rent of sixty marks. The Kingdom of 
Thomond was at the same time granted to him, and his 
other brothers, who might claim any title to it, were declared 
usurpers and enemies of John, as supreme Lord of Ireland. 
In requital of his baseness in recognising the power of the 
English enemy, Donogh was soon afterwards, deprived by 
them, of the city of Limerick, with its surrounding country, 
and he was compelled to remove his residence to-Clonroad, 
near Ennis. Donogh Cairbreach is the direct ancestor of 
the succeding Kings and Earls of Thomond, of the titled 
families of Inchiquin, and of the Viscounts Clare, 1 In the 
course of his reign, it is mentioned that, in 1223, the son of 
Gilla-na-naev O'Shaughnessy was slain by the MacNamaras, 
of Clan Cullein, presumably in the church of Cill mac 
Duach, because the Four Masters say, that " the Bachal- 
more (crozier), of St. Colman Mac Duach was profaned." 2 


The death of Donogh Cairbreach occurred in 1242, and he 
was succeded by his eldest son, Conor-na-Suidaine. At his 
death, Donogh's kingdom comprised the country lying be- 
tween Loop Head and Birr, thence by Cashcl, round by 
Knockaney, to the bay of Galway. His residence, at Clon- 
road, is described as an earthen fort, of a round form, and 
tins fortress continued for generations to be the principal 

1 Bishop O'Brien's pedigree^ apud bad preservation, in the Museum ot 
ColUcU>iea\ and apud Lodge. the Royal Irish Acadamy. 

- rills relic Ls yet extant, but in very 



home of the O'Brien. Donogh Cairbreach was the first 
who was styled The O'Brien. 1 


As if things were not bad enough already, a new element 
of strife now begins to appear in the story of the O'Briens, 
namely the English invaders. In the south of Munster, 
these began to grow powerful, and they sought to extend 
their power to the northern parts of the province also. 
Conor na-Suidaine, however, was determined to preserve 
his territories intact, and in 1257 he gave battle to and 
defeated the enemy. Again, in 1257, he attacked and 
worsted them on the Galway side of his kingdom. At 
length, it appeared to the Irish, that their only hope of 
safety from the aggressions of the stranger was union 
amongst themselves. They saw that, by keeping asunder, 
they would become the prey in detail, of an astute enemy, 
who omitted no opportunity of fomenting their differences. 
A general meeting of the provincial kings of Ireland was 
therefore convoked, at a place called Cael-uisce, on Lough 
Erne, near the present Castle Calwell,^and Conor O'Brien, 
being unable to attend in person, sent his eldest son Teige, 
called in after times, from that incident, Teige Cael-uisce, 
to represent him in the assembly (A.D. 1258). As the best 
means of resisting the English, it was proposed, that one 
supreme king of Ireland should be acknowledged, with 
full powers vested in him, to call out and command the 
forces of the whole country. This was agreed to, but 
when it came to the selection of the supreme ruler, a contest 
arose between O'Neill and O'Brien as to which of the 
two should be the man to be chosen. O'Neill's right was 
regarded as paramount and unquestionable, but O'Brien 
would not yield, and as a consequence, the conference 
broke up without arriving at any definite settlement of the 
question. Since Ireland was first inhabited up to the 

1 IVart of Thomond. 


present day, no act more fatal to her true interests ever 
happened than this. The opportunity was lost, never to 
return, of annihilating the power of England, then in its 
weakness. The example of Brian Boroimhe, who by 
means of his sole sovereignty over the whole island was 
able to extirpate the Danes, was forgotten by his descendant 
Teige Cael-uisce, and by his act of vain folly, the island 
has since remained a scene of anarchy, fomented by the. 
machinations of the unscrupulous stranger. 1 Teige died 
in the following year, but it had been better for his country 
that he was never born. 2 


A.D. 1 26 1. This year his father was involved in a quarrel 
with the inhabitants of the eastern parts of Thomond, and 
with their kindred, who occupied the left banks of the 
Shannon. These were called the Ui Bloids. They refused 
to pay the customary tribute to Conor na Suidine, and he 
resolved to enforce it. He assembled the forces of Ui 
Caisin under Sioda, son of Niall MacNamara, and those of 
Ui Dongaile under Anneslas O'Grady. The chief com- 
mand he entrusted to his own son, Brian Roe. Brian Roe 
immediately burned Caislean Ui Chonaing (Castlcconnell), 
and proceeded to devastate the country of the enemy 
lying between Birr, in the King's County, and Knockaney, 
in the county of Limerick; and between Cashel and Killaloe. 
Hostages and booty were brought to the royal residence at 
Clonroad. Just at that time, the O'Loghlens of Burren 
had given some cause of offence to Conor, and to punish 
them, he assembled his followers, aided by the people of 
Cincal Fearmaic, under the guidance of Donogh O'Dca, 
and of O'Hchir. Having repaired to the " Upper Cantrcd - ' 

1 Annah of Four Masters, A.D. meeting, but M'Grath, author of the 
I25S. Wars of ' Turlogh O'Brien. Mars of Turhgh, asserts that it broke 

2 It is right to remark, that the up without making choice of any king 
Four Masters say, that O'Neill was of all Ireland. His account is the 
voted to the supreme authority, at this more worthy of credit. 


Burren, they drove all they met before them, through the 
valley of Duvgleann (Gleannamanagh, near Corcomroe 
Abbey), thence by Beal-an-clogaid (at Pouldoody), west- 
wards, and making their way by the sea northwards, they 
encountered Conor Carrach O'Loghlen. An obstinate 
battle was fought, in which O'Brien lost his life. He was 
buried in the neighbouring abbey of Corcomroe (a.d. 1268), 
where his monument is yet to be seen in a good state of 
preservation. Besides the king, several other principal 
persons were slain in this engagement, to wit, his son called 
little John, his daughter, his nephew, the son of Rory 
O'Grady; Duvloghlen O'Loghlen, and Thomas O'Bcalan. 1 


Brian Roe O'Brien was inaugurated King at Magh 
Adhar, in succession to his father, and MacNamara, as the 
principal man amongst the chiefs, made proclamation of 
their choice. Brian was not the eldest son of the deceased 
monarch ; Teige Cael-uisge was the senior. He was dead, 
leaving a son, Turlogh, who was too young to assume the 
reins of power after the death of Conor. For nine years, 
therefore, Brian Roe was permitted to reign unmolested, 
but then his nephew, assisted by the MacNamaras, who 
were his maternal kinsmen, and by his foster-brothers, the 
O'Deas, contested his right to reign, (a.d. 1276). They 
attacked Clonroad, and being unable to defend it, he fled 
with his dependants to take refuge amongst the people of 
Ui Bloid. These received him warmly, and they advised 
him to go, accompanied by his son Donogh, to solicit aid 
from Thomas de Clare, son of the Earl of Gloucester, who 
was then at Cork, and who had received from Edward I. 
a grant of all the lands he could conquer in Munster. An 
agreement was concluded between them, to the effect that 
de Clare should have all the land lying between Limerick 

1 Ann. Four Masters, A.D. 126S. 


and Athsolas, on condition of rendering assistance to Brian 
in his endeavour to retain the chieftaincy. A summons was 
issued by de Clare, calling upon the Geraldines, Butlers, 
and all others, whether English or Irish, whom he could 
influence, to meet him at Limerick on a certain day. Nor 
was Brian Roe idle. He promised to bring to the confederacy 
the aid of the people of Coonagh, Ui Bloid, and Uaithne 
(Ovvney); but these latter refused to contest the right of 
Turlogh, whom they regarded as- their lawful ruler. With 
their combined forces, Brian Roe and de Clare marched to 
the attack of Clonroad, the stronghold of Turlogh. Its owner 
was absent, having gone to Corcabaskin to obtain aid from 
Teige Buidhe MacMahon, from Rory MacMahon, and from 
the O'Gradys, and O'Hehirs. Thus reinforced, he attacked 
and wasted Ui Cualachta and Ui Fearmaic, the patrimony 
of the O'Quins, O'Hehirs, and O'Dcas. Thence he in- 
vaded Ui Caisin, but the.MacNamaras, to escape from him, 
temporarily removed their cattle to Sliave Echtghe. About 
that time (1277), De Clare built the Castle of Bunratty, 1 
and after conquering the old families of Tradraighe, 
he bestowed that district upon his - own followers. As 
a further defence of his new territories, he built a wall 
from " the stream to the sea," supposed to be from 
Athsolas to Sixmilebridgc; no trace of it exists in our time. 


In the meanwhile, Turlogh was busy seeking support 
for himself. He was joined by the MacMahons, that is, by 
Donogh son of Rory ; and by Bryan, son of Teige Buidhe ; 
by Cumeadha MacGorman ; by Donald, son of Teige 
Alainn O'Brien of Tromraidh (Tromroe) ; and by Donald 
Mantach O'Connor Corcomroe ; by the MacNamaras of 
Clancullein ; and finally by the de Burgos and O'Kellys of 
Connaught. All these being ready, in the following 

1 King Henry III. had granted to market and fair at Bunratty, but he 
Robert Mucegross the patent of a never used the privilege. — Camden. 


autumn, they ravaged Moynoe and Tomgraney, and en- 
countering Brian Roe and his auxiliaries at Moygreasan 
utterly defeated them in a pitched battle. In this engage- 
ment was killed Patrick Fitzmauricc, the brother of 
de Clare's wife. This woman believing that her brother's 
death and her husband's defeat were occasioned by his 
connexion with Brian Roe, persuaded de Clare to invite 
that chieftain to Bunratty, and then to assassinate him. It 
was done according to her wish, and the murder was con- 
summated under circumstances of peculiar atrocity. The 
parties were gossips. They had sworn mutually to defend 
one another, with the most solemn rites. They made oath 
upon bells and crozicr, and upon the relics of the saints ; 
blood was drawn from the veins of each and mingled in a 
vessel ; the holy Eucharist was divided between them. In 
spite of these guarantees, O'Brien was torn to pieces 
by horses, at the command of his savage confederate. 
Such was the horror excited by this atrocious act, that it 
was referred to, as a proof of English perfidy, in the eloquent 
memorial presented, a few years afterwards, to Pope John 
XXII., by the chieftains of Ireland. 1 Brian Roe at his 
death left several sons ; the eldest, named Donogh, assumed 
his father's place. One would suppose that abhorrence of 
de Clare should be the guide of the young man's conduct 
towards such a monster, but we read that, in the following 
year, they were united together to crush the power of 


Turlogh, who, immediately upon the death of Brian Roe, 
had himself solemnly inaugurated at Magh Adhar as king 
of Thomond. Donogh resented this act, claiming for him- 
self the chieftaincy in succession to his father. He was 

1 See Wars of Turlogh. Ann. Four of /risk Chiefs in O'Flahcrty's Tar 
Masters, A.D. 1277. Ann. Clonmac- Connaught, edited by Hardiman. 
noise, a.d. 1277. See Remonstrance 



backed up in his efforts by de Clare, that being the best 
method of dividing the two Irish parties. Donogh soon 
put himself at the head of his own and the English forces, 
and marched " eastwards of the Shannon." There, he 
exacted submission from the section of the Ui Bloids, who 
resided in that district. His next act was to plunder 
Uaithne (Owney and Ara), and carry away the spoils to 
Bunratty. Afterwards, he was joined by Mahone O'Brien, 
grandson of Donald Connachtach, and he marched to 
Burren and Corcomroe, despoiling "the posterity of Fergus 
MacRoigh" (the O'Loghlans and O'Connors); thence 
proceeding due west through the district of " Triuchead na 
Naumcadh," he reached the residence of MacMahon of 
Corcabaskin. After this, he directed his march towards 
Clonroad, on his way ravaging Ui Cormaic and " Imire 
Uaine." Finding that Turlogh had fled from Clonroad on 
his approach, he pursued his cousin to Ouin, and wasted 
the country as he went along. At Ouin, he was opposed 
by Sheeda MacXamara, but in the encounter which ensued 
that chieftain lost his life. Cuvea MacXamara, son of 
Sheeda, fled for protection to Turlogh O'Brien, who was at 
a place called Forbair (Furroor) ? Together, they retreated 
westwards, and the country about the Fergus being thus 
left without protection, was ravaged by de Clare and his 
ally. The work of MacGrath, called Cathreim TJioirdheal- 
bhaigh (the Wars x of Turlogh), from which the above 
account is mainly taken, goes on to describe the struggle 
between the O'Briens for supremacy, but the contest is 
merely a wretched tissue of strife, plunder, and robber}', 
unworthy of record. We shall therefore content ourselves 
with making such selections only as may serve to illustrate 
the topography of the country, and afford information as to 
the families who inhabited the various districts composing 
the country of Thomond. 

Wars 0/ Turlogh O'Brien: Ann. Inufallen, A.D. 127S. 



Keeping in view these objects, we shall mention that 
de Clare, in 1279, assembled a large force to surprise 
Turlogh at Feartain (Fortane). His auxiliaries marched 
to his aid through Beal-coille-Druinge (Bealkelly) ? There 
they were met and utterly routed by Turlogh. De Clare, 
as was his wont after defeat, fled to his stronghold at 
Bunratty, but Turlogh taking advantage of his victory 
spoiled Tradraighe and drove out from it its English settlers. 

A.D. 1280. — At the instance of MacCarthy More, a 
division was made of Thomond between Turlogh and 
Donogh, the latter getting the western portion. He did 
not long survive to enjoy his acquisition, for he was 
drowned in the Fergus in three years afterwards. His 
brother Donald having come to Quin, " close to that town 
where he bought wine for the nobles who came on a visit 
to his house " was, for some unexplained reason, stabbed 
in the groin by " a soldier of the English garrison of the 
strong-walled castle of Quin." He returned the blow with 
equal effect, both wounds proving mortal. 

During the years between 1286 and 1306, the CatJireim 
contains only an account of uninteresting raids made upon 
the country by the rival chieftains while endeavouring to 
decide their respective rights to the supreme power. In 
the course of these contests we are told that Donogh 
O'Dea was slain by his kinsmen Loghlen and MacCraith 
O'Dea : O'Liddy was slain at Quin by the English ; 
the town of Bunratty was burned by Turlogh O'Brien 
and by Cuvea MacNamara, the approach to the place 
being made by a wooden bridge laid across the river, 
near the castle. It is also mentioned that Turlogh made 
a visit to west Thomond, passing through " Disert Murt- 
haile," now Killadysert. 

On the 10th of April, 1306, Turlogh died, and at a 
meeting held at Magh Adhar, his son, Donogh, was unani- 


2I 7 

mously chosen to rule in his stead. Cuvea MacXamara, in 
virtue of his office, announced to him his election as king of 
North Munster, then comprising the following territories, 
viz. :— Owney, the two Elys, Ormond, O'Luigheach, Aois- 
greine, Cunach, Eoganacht of Cashel, Aois-tre-mughe, 1 a 
part of Connaught, and the whole of the present county of 
Clare. His reign was short, lasting only four years and four 
months, and Cuvea's death happening just at the same time, 
" he was buried near the grave of his king, in the abbey of 
Ennis Clonroad, and his son, Donogh MacXamara, was ap- 
pointed chief of Clan Culein in his stead, by the states, who 
assembled for the purpose of his election." A.D. 1307. In 
this year a raid was made by Sheeda, brother of Donogh 
MacNamara, into Connaught, and he drove away many 
cattle. On his way home he was attacked at Moynoe, by 
the tribes of Maolmana O'Cormacain, and O'Cindcargain, 
and his foster-brother slain. In revenge, Sheeda, aided by 
his nephews, ravaged the termon lands of Moynoe. The 
Ui Bloid, composed of the families of Clan Turlogh and 
Clan Dermot (O'Brien), the O'Kennedys of Killokennedy, 
the O'Gunnings of Castle Connell, the O'Coffeys of Owney, 
the O'Shanahans of Kilnoe and Killuran, the O'Hogans, 
of Ara, the O'Aherns of Cratloe, the O'Muldoons, the 
O'Duracks of Ogonnelloe, the O'Lonergans, the O'Fla- 
hertys, and the O'Moloneys rose to revenge this onslaught, 
but O'Brien, the chief king of Thomond, interposed, and 
made peace between the belligerents. The truce, how- 
ever, was but of short duration, as in 1309, the Ui 
Bloids assembled and met their enemies the MacXa- 
maras, who had been joined by the small sept of the 
O'Dovarcans, at Baile-in-Cuilin (Ballycullen), near Sixmile- 
bridge. From this place they went along, skirmishing as far 
as Kilgorey (Cill-n'-Guaire). Here, Donogh MacXamara 

1 These districts comprise the pre- and Clanwilliam in the county Tip- 
sent baronies of Elyoyarty, Kilna- perary ; and in Limerick the barotites 
managh, Ormond Upper and Lower, of Owney, Clanwilliam, and Coonagh. 



addressed his men, and in the course of his speech, enume- 
rated those families who were favourable to his cause. 
They were the Maclnerneys, Claras, Maninains (Alan- 
nions), Moloneys, O'Hallorans, O'Cormicks, Slatterys, 
Hartigans, Hanleys, Cindregans, O'Malleys, O'Mce- 
hans, O'Liddys, and the Clan-an-Giolla-Mhaoil. He 
then dressed himself in his war panoply, namely, a tunic 
(cotun), extending from the neck to the knee, over that a 
coat of mail, a saffron-coloured belt, with a dagger and a 
spear thrust into it ; over the coat of mail a shirt (scabal), 
on his head a helmet, a sword at his side, a javelin in his 
right hand to cast at his enemies, and a spear in his left. 
Both parties joined battle at Kilgorey, and the Clan Culein 
were victorious. Among the slain of the Ui Bloids are 
enumerated the following: — Turlogh, son of Turlogh Fionn ; 
Mahone, son of Dermot Fionn ; O'Ahern ; the chief of 
O'Floinn Feathneadhe; Rory O'Shanahan; Esles O'Hagan, 
of Forgabhail; 1 together with fifteen of his kindred. Eleven 
of the O'Kennedys were spared, and with them Maoel- 
seachlin, son of Murrogh O'Shanahan, and Aodh O'Shana- 
han, his elder brother, the chief of O'Rongaile. These were 
carried away prisoners by the MacNamaras. Immediately 
afterwards, another struggle took place between the Clan 
Culein and the Ui Bloids, in which Donogh MacNamara, 
the chief of his tribe, lost his life, but his kinsfolk, being 
joined by the O'Briens, and by de Burgo. of Galway, 
defeated the Ui Bloids, and killed one of their principal 
chieftains, Donald O'Grady, of Cineal Dongaile. The 
MacNamara selected as successor to Donogh, was Loghlen, 
son of Cuvea. 

A.D. 1 3 10. In this year, it is recorded that O'Brien and 
dc Burgo laid seige to de Clare, in his castle of Bunratty. 

1 This place cannot be identified. 


He sallied forth and, on the hill above the castle, defeated 
and put to flight his assailants. It is also related that 
the sons of Brian Roe ravaged the termon lands of St. 
Cronan, and burned Clonroad. 


A.D. 1311. Accompanied by Dermot, the grandson of 
Brian Roe, de Clare, made an incursion into Burrcn. They 
marched in two separate divisions. The first night, Dermot 
encamped at Criothmaill (Crughwill) and de Clare at Cnoc 
Dloghain. 1 Donogh, son of Turlogh O'Brien, prepared to 
oppose them, and that night he lay at Sliabh Cairin. On 
the following day, advancing towards the enemy, he arrived 
at Glean Caoin (Glenquin). There, he was treacherously 
slain by Murrogh, son of Mahone O'Brien, a man distantly 
related to him by blood. De Clare, whose policy it was 
always to depress the power of the lawful king, resolved to 
supply the vacancy thus created in the chieftaincy, by the 
appointment, as king over Thomond, of his ally Dermot, 
the grandson of Brian Roe. With that design, he summoned 
the adherents of Dermot to assemble at Magh Adhar, and 
they named him king accordingly. He was installed by 
Loghlen, son of Cuvea MacNamara. But an opponent 
soon appeared in the person of Murtogh, brother of the late 
king. Supported by the de Burgos, he marched into 
Thomond, by Bealach-an-Fhiodhfail, 2 where he was joined 
by Loghlen Reagh O'Dea, and by the sons of Donogh 
O'Dea, at the head of the forces of Cineal Fearmaic. Thus 
reinforced, he placed himself to guard the entrance of the 
wood. Dermot instantly arrived, fully determined to con- 
test the pass. A fierce fight followed, in which Dermot was 

1 Supposed by O'Donovan to be mince Survey of Clare in Library of 

Cnoc-a-Daingin, in the parish of Koyal Irish Academy. 

' * 2 Tins is the road Irom Uort to Kil- 

Dromcreehy. See Letters of Ord- linaboy through Ruckforest Wood. 


worsted. An assembly of the partisans of Murtogh was 
convoked at Magh Adhar, and at this meeting, he was 
chosen king of Thomond, and Loghlen MacNamara nomi- 
nated as its hereditary Lord Marshall. 

In the interval between the years 131 1 and 13 16, scarcely 
anything deserving of description happened in Thomond. 
It is stated in the work from which we have been quoting, 
that the struggle for supremacy between the O'Briens went 
on without cessation. It is mentioned that a fruitless 
attempt was made to seduce Loghlen Reagh O'Dea and his 
clan from their allegiance to Murrogh O'Brien ; that Shecda 
MacNamara plundered Burren, and while carrying his prey 
home by way of Connaught was seized by an illness of which 
he died, " bequeathing his body to St. Brendan of Birr." 
It is further recorded that Murtogh O'Brien plundered Ui 
Dobharcan, 1 and immediately afterwards the district of 
Cille-o-na-Suileach (Kilnasoolagh near Newmarket-on- 
Fergus) ; that Loghlen MacNamara was made prisoner by 
de Clare, at Bunratty ; that the adherents of Brian Roe, of 
Ara, killed Loghlen and Maoelsaghlen MacNamara, behead- 
ing them and casting their bodies into Coolmeen Lake, 
near Sixmilebridge. Mahone MacNamara, being elected 
chief of the tribe, and called the MacNamara, lost no time 
in taking steps to avenge the death of his kinsmen. He 
summoned to his aid the O'Kellys, de Burgos, O'Madi- 
gans, and Butlers of Gahvay ; M'Crath O'Dea, and Donald 
O'Dea, of Inchiquin ; the O'Loghlens, and Comyns, of 
Burren. Joined by these, he marched to a place called 
Ballyiconway, where he was apprised by O'Shanny, that his 
enemies waited for. him at Tulla O'Dea. He immediately 
attacked and defeated them. In 13 14, Donogh, grandson 
of Brien Roe, was elected king at Magh Adhar, in opposi- 
tion to his cousin Murtagh, who was the legitimate ruler. 
The MacNamaras, in this year, invaded Ui Rongaile (Kil- 
noe and Killuran), and subdued the O'Shanahans and 

1 This place cannot be identified. 


O'Kennedys. Being reinforced by the O'Kellys and the 
O'Madigans of Gahvay, they proceeded on their marauding 
expedition to Inis-na-mona and Dangan-i-Grada (in the 
parish of Tomgraney). After burning the last named place 
they encamped next night at Magh Maolain. There they 
defeated the grandsons of Brian Roe, and made them flee 
westwards by Bealach-an-Fhiodhfail, in the parish of Kil- 
keedy. About this time Edward Bruce, with his Scots, 
invaded Ireland. The principal men of Munster being 
assembled at Limerick, selected Murrogh O'Brien as their, 
chief to oppose him. Murrogh shortly afterwards went to 
Dublin to attend the Parliament held there, his main busi- 
ness being to take care that de Clare should not traduce 
him before the assembly. In the following year (13 17), he 
resolved to make a decisive effort to overmaster his rival 
and cousin, and at the same time to crush the power of the 
English strangers. He got his brother Dermot to call 
together his partisans at Rath Laithin (Rathlaheen), to 
consult with them as to the best mode of attaining those 


There came to this meeting (August 15th), Felemidh 
O'Connor, son of Donald of Corcomroe ; the O'Deas, 
Loghlen O'Hehir, Rory MacCrath, Donald O'Duibh-duin, 
and Cu-eabha MacGorman. It was decided that each one 
should go home, call together his followers, and meet again, 
on a certain day, at Ruadhan (Ruan). This was accordingly 
done ; from Ruan they marched northwards through the 
gap of Bearnaidh-an-Cailin, by Leacht-inghen-i-Lochlain, 
through Upper Clan Culein, through Caraidh Eachdroma 
(Augrim), leaving Tulla O'Dea on the left, by the banks of 
Beascnaton, through the weirs of Caraidh-mac-a-At'burion, 
where they slept that night. Next morning, they marched 
along Bothar-na-mac-Riogh, 1 across Mullach Gaoil, along 

1 The road between Corofin and Killinaboy. 


the Lionans (Leana), along Cill-mic-i-Donain, along Caher 
Crailehdigh, through the middle of Crioch-maile (Crughwill), 
through the valley of Duvgleann (Glennamanagh), they 
proceeded through Coill-an-air, out into the arable lands 
of the abbey of Corcomroe, and slept in the abbey that 
night. 1 A list of Dermot's followers is given by Mac 


In addition to those just mentioned, there came to his 
aid the O'Hehirs, the M'Graths, the O'Dubhduins, the 
MacGormans, and the following septs of the clan Culein 
(the MacNamaras), viz. — The Maclnerneys, the clan Lor- 
cain, the O'Claras, the clan Meanman (Mannions ?), the 
clan Giolla Maoel, the O'Maoel Domhnaigh (O'Moloneys), 
the clan Alivaren (O'Hallorans), the clan Comhremaigh 
(O'Currys), the O'Slatterys, the O'Hassetts, the O'Mal- 
leys, the O'Hartigans, the O'Cindergains, the clan Aillie 
(O'Haleys), the O'Conways (Conduibh), and the O'Mee- 
hans : then came the M'Mahons, of Corcabaskin, under 
the command of Donogh, son of Rory, son of Rory ; the 
O'Lynches, and the O'Kellys (Caolaidhe), of Galway ; 
the MacRegans, the clan Mahowna, the O'Griffeys, the 
O'Howards (Muinter Iomhair), and the MacEncroes (Mac 
Con Cros) of Inagh ; the O'Galvins (Muinter Chealbhain), 
the O'Liddys, the O'Doyles, the O'Kellihers, the O'Cuinins 
(Cuneens), and the O'Gerans. 


To oppose these, Donogh, grandson of Brian Roe, sum- 
moned to his assistance his brother Brian Bane, his cousin- 

1 Although some of the places men- Runn to Corofin, thence by the hill of 

tioned by MacGrath cannot be iden- Lena, to Castletown, and to Corcom- 

tified, there is no doubt that Dermot roe Abbey, 
marched by the road which leads from 


german, Murtagh Garv, son of his uncle Donogh ; Brian 
Bearra, Tiege Luimneigh, son of Brian Roe ; the clan Mahon, 
the clan Teige (O'Brien), the inhabitants of Tuachadh-na- 
Faiseach {i.e., Ui Bloid) ; Loghlen, the O'Gradys, the clan 
Giolla Mochaine, the clan Flaherty O'Dea, the MacDona- 
gans, the O'Shanahans, the O'Aherns, the O'Hogans, and 
the O'Kennedys. These being assembled, slept the first 
night at Cill-Litire-Maoel Odhrain. 1 Thence they proceeded 
to Loghraska, and there came in sight of a hag, whose 
hideousness is described by the Irish historian in terms of 
laughable exaggeration, and whom they found employed in 
washing the blood off a pileof limbsand carcassesof dead men. 
These, she said, were symbolical of the heads and limbs of 
Donogh himself and his followers, who were doomed to perish 
in the approaching combat. Nor was that combat long a-com- 
ing: Dermot leading his forces that same day from the abbey 
of Corcomroe, came in sight of his enemies, and gave them 
battle at Druim Lurgain. Before the fight began, he addressed 
his troops, and his exhortation was followed by another 
in verse, from his chief poet, it being the custom amongst 
the Irish that the bard should accompany and encourage 
his kinsfolk in battle. In the conflict that ensued Donogh 
was slain by the hand of O'Connor of Corcomroe, his party 
utterly defeated, and nearly the entire following of Brian Roe 
extirpated. The victors purchased their success dearly, 
no less than twenty-one principal men of the MacNamaras, 
four leaders of the O'Moloney's, and two of the O'Hallorans 
having fallen. After the battle, the chiefs of either party 
were buried by Dermot, with all honours, in separate graves, 
in the neighbouring abbey. The victory thus gained, finally 
decided the right to the chieftaincy of Thomond,and placed 
it, indisputably, in the race of Turlogh. It moreover led to 
the annihilation of de Clare, and to the expulsion of the 
English from the country, for the final struggle took place 
not long afterwards. 

1 This place cannot be identified. Terhaps it is Leitra-in Kilkeedy parish. 



A.D. 1318. De Clare called together his partisans, Eng- 
lish and Irish, the latter under the command of Brian Bane, 
who was almost the only person of his race that escaped 
death at Corcomroe. They decided to invade Ui Fearmaic, 
and to attack O'Dea in the first instance. The two brothers, 
Murrogh and Dermot O'Brien, resolved to support him, 
and with that object in view, drew their forces together at 
Dysert O'Dea, De Clare made a division of his troops into 
three bodies : the first he posted at Tulla O'Dea, under 
command of his son, with instructions to intercept the 
O'Connors, who were expected to come from Ennistymon. 
His second detachment was to march from the Fergus to 
Magowna. The third, under his own leadership, he brought 
to Dysert. When he arrived there (May 10th, 1318) he 
found O'Dea posted in defence of a small stream that 
descends from the hills and falls into the neighbouring lake. 
The O'Deas opened their ranks on his approach, and he, mis- 
taking that movement for a sign of fear, rushed onwards 
without thinking of consequences, and -thus separated him- 
self from the main body of his supporters. The Dal Cais 
closed in upon his troops, overwhelmed, and cut them to 
pieces, he himself being killed by the axe of Conor O'Dea. 
His son shared the same fate, being slain by Felim O'Con- 
nor, as that chieftain was rushing down with his followers 
from the neighbouring hill of Scamhall to support O'Dea. At 
that moment, Loghlen O'Hehir, with the men of Ui Cormaic 
coming up, the united forces of the Irish fiercely attacked 
the foreigners, and these being already dispirited by the 
loss of their leaders, gave way on all quarters, and a total 
rout ensued. Never was victory more decisive. 1 Its effect 
was to rid the country of Thomond for more than two 

1 Among the killed were four knight?;, Also, Adam Appleyard and So more. 

viz. :— Sir Henry Capel, Sir Thomas DeClare'sbody was removed to Lime- 

Naas, Sir James Caunton (or Condon rick, and buried in the Franciscan 

of Fermoy), and Sir John Caunton. church there. 



centuries of everything Saxon. De Clare's widow, hearing 
of the loss of her husband and son, set fire to the castle of 
Bunratty, and with what remained of her followers made sail 
for England, never to put her foot on Irish ground again. 
Alter this time, the name of de Clare disappears from the 
page of the history of Ireland. 1 

1 We here lose the valuable infor- 
mation contained in the Cathereim 
Toirdh<>a/i>ai\/t, or the History of the 
Wars of Turlogh O'Jlri n, written in 
1459. Although the work is compiled 
in the vilest style of bombast, it gives 
many incidents relating to the history 
and topography of Thomond of great 
interest and value. The writer lived 
so near to the times of which he nar- 
rates the story, and his office of histo- 
riographer gave him such facilities for 
collecting information, that his narra- 
tive may be received with implicit 
faith. His name was John, son of 
Rory MacGrath. An excellent tran- 
script of the tract was made in 1721, 
by Andrew MacCurtin, of Ennistymon, 
one of the best Irish scholars of his 
day, and is now deposited in the 
Library of Trinity College, Dublin. 
See O'Curry's Lectures on MS. Mate- 
rials of Irish History, Dublin, 1861, 
p. 234. 

I cannot discover where the patri- 
monial lands of the family of Magrath 
were situate in Thomond. Several 
references are made to them, and 
to their learning, in the Annals of 
the Four Masters. I subjoin them 
here : 

" a.d. 1410. Thomas, the son of 
Maoelmurry Magrath, Ollav of Tho- 
mond in poetry, died. 

I41 r. Dermot, the son of Gillaise 
Magrath, Ollav of Thomond in poetry, 

1425. The son of Flan Magrath, 
Ollav of Thomond in poetry, a pros- 
perous and wealthy man, died. 

1 46 1. Aengus Magrath, a learned 
poet, died. 

1573. William Magrath, son of 
Aengus, Ollav of Dalcais in poetry, 
a learned man, distinguished for his 
knowledge of the sciences and of agri- 
culture, died." 



IN 1580. 


DURING the long interval between the expulsion of the 
English and their re-appearance in the affairs of Tho- 
mond (13 1 8-1 543), its story is shortly told. The An- 
nalists give only concise and scattered accounts of its 
inhabitants and their history. Their references have rela- 
tion mainly to intestine disorders, or to invasions made upon 
neighbouring regions for the purposes of plunder. Such 
matters are so uninteresting in themselves, and afford so 
little information as to the history of the times, or the 
manners of the people, that we shall treat them as deserving 
of comparatively slight notice. 1 

After the fall of de Clare, Brian Bane, accompanied by 
what remained of his followers, betook themselves to that 
part of the kingdom of Thomond which lay at the east side 
of the Shannon, and settled themselves there. The Mac 

1 The following extracts relating to was widow of the son of the Earl of 

those times are taken from the Four Ulster. She died in 1343." 
Masters:— "a.d. 1343. Murtogh O'Brien, 

4< a.d. 1335. Finola, the daughter Lord of Thomond, died." 
of O'Brien, and wife of Turlogh " A.D. 1343. Rory Magrath, Ollav, 

O'Connor, died." died." (He was the father of John 

"a.d. 1339. Turlogh O'Connor put Magrath, author of Tlu Wars of 

away his wife and re-married Slaine, Thomond.) 
daughter of Turlogh O'Brien, who 


Namaras, as before related, having expelled the inhabitants 
of most parts of the present baronies of Lower Bunratty 
and Lower Tulla, who, for the greater part, had been par- 
tisans of de Clare, took possession of their country, and 
continued to hold it until Cromwell put them out in turn. 
They became so powerful that, in the year 1578, they owned 
no less than forty-two castles, scattered over Upper and 
Lower Bunratty, and Upper and Lower Tulla, and in 1641, 
according to the Book of Distributions, they numbered no 
less than one hundred and ninety-one proprietors of land in 
what would now be called fee-simple. 

Brian Bane O'Brien was distinguished for his turbulence. 
Amongst his many enemies, he had for antagonists, his own 
relations, who had expelled him from Clare. These were 
ruled successively, in his life time, by Murtagh, by Dcrmot, 
and by Murtagh's son, Mahone Moinmoy, who by violence, 
had deprived his uncle Dcrmot, and his first cousin Brian, 
son of Donogh, of their right to reign. His own tenure of 
power lasted for twelve years, and at his death he was suc- 
ceded, in accordance with the laws of Tanistry, by his 
brother Turlogh Maoel (1367;. After a rule of three years, 
Turlogh was dispossessed by his nephew, Brian Catha-an- 

Being thus driven out, he betook himself for aid to 
Garrett, Earl of Desmond, and was cordially received by 
that nobleman. They raised an army, and proceeded 
towards Thomond to reinstate Turlogh Maoel, but before 
they could cross the Shannon they were met at Manister 
an-Aonaigh, near Croom, by Brian, and utterly routed. 
Great numbers were slain in this battle, and amongst the 
prisoners were Garrett, together with many chiefs of the 
English army. The victors took possession of the city of 
Limerick, and Sheeda Cam MacXamara was placed in the 
town as warden (1369). x Turlogh Maoel finding it now 
uscless to protract the struggle, gave it up, and having 

1 Ann. Four Masters. 


obtained from Desmond a grant of extensive tracts of land 
in Waterford, he went to reside there. Very little informa- 
tion touching the actions of Brian-Catha-an-Aonaigh is 
given by the Annalists. We gather from them that being 
joined by the MacWilliam Burkes of Gahvay, he suffered a 
defeat in 1386, from the O'Connor Roe, and that, in 1 395, he 
went to Waterford to pay nominal homage to Richard II. 
by whom he was honourably received. His death is re- 
corded, in the Annals of the Four Masters, under the year 
1399. 1 His successor was his brother Conor, of whom 
nothing is handed down to us deserving of mention, and 
Conor was succeeded, in 1426, by his nephew Tcige-na- 
Glcmore. Of this ruler's history nothing remains on record, 
save that he was deposed by his brother Mahone Dall 
(the blind) in 143S. Mahone Dall was not permitted to 
enjoy his power long without molestation. He was at- 
tacked, in 1446, by MacWilliam Burke and deposed, his 
brother, Turlogh Bog (the soft), the son-in-law of Mac 
William, being placed in his stead. 2 Turlogh Bog enjoyed 
the sovereignty till his death in 1459, when he was suc- 
ceded by his nephew Donogh, the son of Mahone Dall. 
Donogh had to give way, in two years after his acces- 
sion, to his cousin Teige-an-Chomhaid (of Coad on the 
lake of Inchiquin). 

At this time, the power of the English in Ireland was 
very much weakened, owing to their contests at home in 
the Wars of the Roses, and the Irish chieftains, taking 
advantage of their adversaries' strait, united with one 
another to drive them, if possible, out of the country. 
Teige-an-Chomhaid placed himself under O'Neill as an 
ally, 3 and he marched to South Munster to enforce pay- 
ment of the tribute called the Duv-Cios, which his great 

1 A. P. 1421. Died More, daughter She was usually called the great More 

of Brian O Brim, and wife of Waller of Munster. 

Burke. She was the mo.->t distinguished - Ann. Four Mast. A.D. 1446. 

woman of her time in Leath Magha a Idem. A.D. 1464. 
for hospitality, good sense, and piety. 


grandfather, Mahon Moinmoy, had been the first to levy 
on the English settlers of Munster. Plis success was 

He plundered the west and south of Munster, and 
took possession of Clanwilliam and the whole county 
of Limerick, these having been made over to him by the 
Earl of Desmond as a condition of obtaining peace. 
Moreover, he imposed a yearly tribute of sixty marks, to 
be payable for ever, by the citizens of Limerick. It is 
hinted by MacFirbis, in his Annals, that the people of 
Leinster had a project for raising O'Brien, like his ancestor 
Boroimhe, to the throne of Ireland. It is also mentioned 
by him that never since the time of that monarch had 
such a host been seen as the one led by Tcige to over- 
run the country south of the Shannon. From such state- 
ments as these, it may be inferred how weak was the 
power of England at that epoch. 1 Tcigc-an-Chomhaid 
died soon afterwards (1466), in the castle he had built 
on the margin of the lake of Inchiquin ; its pictu- 
resque ruins yet remain as an object of attraction to the 
visitor. He was succeeded by his brother, Conor-na-Srona, 
(of the great nose), his own children being too young to 
take his place. On the subject of Conor-na-Srona's actions, 
while he continued to govern Thomond, the annalists are 
almost silent. It is mentioned that he sent his nephews, 
Gilla Duv, and Murtagh Garv, to the aid of their relative, 
MacWilliam of Clanricard, when his territory was invaded 
by the other MacWilliams, and by O'Donnell of Tirconnell. 
He also co-operated with the Butlers against the Fitz- 
Geralds of Kildare. The Earl of Kildare, after his mar- 
riage with a niece of the King of England, returned from 
that country in 1496, and lost no time in coming to 
Thomond to punish the act of its king. Conor-na-Srona 

1 Annals of Four Masters, A.D. MacFirbis, contained in Annals cj 
1466, with O'Donovan's note, in which Jrclaiid of the same date. 
he reproduces the statement of Donald 


boldly met him, and in an action at Ballyhickcy, near 
Ouin, defeated his troops, and put him to flight. Conor 
then took possession of the stronghold of Fineen Mac 
Xamara, near the place of battle. This was the last of his 
actions, for he died in the same year (1496), after an unusu- 
ally long reign of thirty years. 1 

After the death of Conor-na-Srona, his brother Turlogh 
Oge, surnamed Gilla Duv, from the darkness of his com- 
plexion, was inaugurated chief in his place. He had been 
elected Tanist, had enjoyed that title since 1474, and 
now he became king. His reign was short ; it lasted 
only three years. Nothing is recorded of him except his 
accession, his short reign of three years and two months, 
and his death in 1499. History is not equally silent as to 
the actions of his nephew and successor, Turlogh Don, 
(the yellow-haired), eldest son of Teige-an-Chamhaid. It is 
recorded, that in 1501, he wasted and burned Limerick City, 
and Cois Maighe in that county. His consanguinity with 
the MacYVilliams of Clanrickard drew him into many 
quarrels in the course of his reign. They had been using 
their neighbours the O'Kcllys, oppressively, and an appeal 
for protection being mads by these to Garrett Earl of 
Kildare, the Lord Deputy, he marched into Connaught to 
their assistance. He was met at Knocktow, in the territory 

1 The Annals of the Four Masters Masters subsequently compiled their 

liave the following particulars which, great work.] 

although not referring immediately to The next extract we shall give is 

the History of Thomond, we give under the year 14S1, and is in these 

here : words : 

"A.D. 1474. The abbey of Donegal "Slaine, the daughter of O'Brien. 

was commenced by Hugh Roe O'Don- (Conor), and wife of MacWilliam of 

nell, and by his wife, Finola (the Clanrickard, a vessel full of charity 

white-shouldered), daughter of Conor- and hospitality, and who excelled the 

na-Srona O'Brien, and was granted women of her time, died, after having 

by them to God and to the friars of gained victory over the world and the 

St. Francis, for the good of their own devil.'' 

souls, and as a burial place for them- Another extract is as follow.- : 

selves and their descendants/' [This "A.D. 1490. Celia. daughter of 

abbey, of which a most interesting Dermot-an-I >una MacCarthy, and wife 

account is given by Rev. Mr. Meehan of Turlogh Oge O'Brien, worthy of 

in his work. The Franciscan Manas- being queen of Cashel, died.'' 
terns, was the place where the Four 


2 3 I 

of Clanrickard, by MacWilliam and by O'Brien, joined by 
the MacNamaras and other septs. A fierce battle was 
fought, in which Kildare was worsted. By this defeat, his 
anger being fairly roused against the Burkes and O'Briens, 
he led an imposing array into Munstcr, in four years 
afterwards, designing to inflict condign punishment upon 
them for their delinquencies. " He marched through 
Bcalach-na-Fadbaighe and Bealach-na-Gamhna, 1 until he 
arrived at a wooden bridge {i.e., the bridge of Portcroise), 
which O'Brien had constructed over the Shannon. This 
bridge he broke down, and encamped that night in the 
country. O'Brien encamped so near that they heard one 
another's conversation during the night. On the mor- 
row, he set out for Limerick, taking the short cut through 
Moin-na-brathair as his way. 2 Here he was attacked by 
O'Brien and utterly defeated. 3 Between the years 15 10 
and 1522 we have nothing to record of Turlogh Donn. In 
the latter year a quarrel sprung up between the O'Neills 
and O'Donnells of the north. The King of Thomond sent 
his sons, Donogh and Teige to render assistance to the chief- 
tain of Tir owen. They were accompanied by the bishop 
of Killaloe, Turlogh son of Mahon, who was the cousin- 
gcrman of their father. Before they could effect a junction 
with O'Neill, they found he had been defeated in battle by 
the O'Donnells, and they returned home after a fruitless 
journey. It was not long till their services were again 
called into requisition. In the early part of the sixteenth 
century, the kingdom of Thomond included part of 
the present counties of Tipperary and King's County. 
The Earl of Ormond's territory was adjacent, and he, 
having some grudge against O'Carroll of Ely, attacked 
that chieftain's country. O'Brien immediately took up 

1 Old roads, on the south side of ground, now the Long Pavement, 

the Shannon, between Limerick and between T'arteen and Limerick, on 

Portcroise. in the parish of Castle- the Clare side of the Shannon. 

connell. — Note by J. O'Donovan. 3 Ann. Four Mast., A.D. 1504 to 

'-' Moin-na-brathair, is the low 15 10. 


arms to defend his dependant chief. A battle ensued at 
the ford of Camus, near Cashel, in which the fortune of the 
day was undecided, but where Teige, son of the King of 
Thomond, lost his life " by the shot of a ball," as the 
annalists describe it. His body was brought to Ennis and 
buried in the abbey there amongst his ancestors. 1 

From this time, till the date of the death of Turlogh 
Donn, there is nothing to relate concerning the general his- 
tory of Thomond. Some isolated facts touching the career 
of particular individuals have been set down by the Four 
Masters ; these, although not of much interest we repro- 
duce here : — " A.D. 1 503. Teige Boirneach {i.e., of Burrcn) ; 
Murrogh and Mahone, two sons of Mahone O'Brien ; 
Conor, the son of Brian, son of Murtogh, son of Brian Roe 
O'Brien ; Conor, the son of Rory, son of Ana O'Loghlcn ; 
and Murtogh, son of Turlogh, son of Murrogh, son of Teige 
O'Brien, went with Owen, son of O'Flaherty, into West 
Connaught, against Rory Oge, and Donald (of the Boat) 
O'Flaherty). A battle was fought between them, in which 
the sons of Mahone O'Brien were slain. A.D. 1508. Donald 
O'Brien, son of Brian, son of Turlogh, Tanist of Thomond, 
died. A.D. 1 5 12. Teige, son of Donald O'Brien, died; and 
Brian, the son of Donald, son of Teige, son of Turlogh, 
died in six weeks afterwards. A.D. 15 14. Donogh, the son 
of Conor O'Brien, was vindictively and unbecomingly 
slain by the sons of Turlogh, son of Murrogh O'Brien, 
namely, by Murrogh and Donogh. The murdered man 
had been the choice of the men of Ireland for his dexterity 
of hand, puissance, vigour, and bravery. A.D. 1524. 
Dermot, son of Gilla Duv O'Brien, a man who assisted 
those who asked anything of him, more liberally than any 
other man owning a like extent of territory, a man of the 
most untiring hospitality and prowess, who was rather 
expected to live and enjoy the wealth and dignity of his 
patrimony, died after unction and penance. A.D. 1524. 

1 Ann. Four Masters, a.d. 1523. 


More, the daughter of O'Brien {i.e., Turlogh Donn), and 
wife of Donogh, the son of Mahone O'Brien, a woman who 
kept a house of open hospitality, died. A.D. 1528. Finola, 
the daughter of the O'Brien, that is, of Conor-na-Srona, 
and wife of Hugh Roe O'Donnell (the O'Donnell), a 
woman who, as regards both body and soul, had gained 
more fame and renown than any of her contemporaries, 
having spent her life and her wealth in acts of charity, and 
after having been twenty-two years in the habit (dress) 
of St. Francis, died on the first day of Lent, which fell on 
the 5th of February, and was buried in the monastery of 
Donegal, which had been founded by her husband and 
herself in 1474. A.D. 1 53 1. Donogh, the son of Turlogh 
Donn, who was Tanist of Thomond, a man of hospitality 
and nobleness, died. 

Turlogh Donn died in 1528, after a long, reign of 
twenty-nine years. His death is recorded in these words 
by the Four Masters: "The O'Brien, i.e., Turlogh, the 
son of Teige, who of all the Irish in Leth Mogha had spent 
the longest time in acts of nobility and hospitality, the 
worthy heir of Brian Boroimhe, in maintaining war against 
the English, died after unction and penance." l 

By his wife Raghnailt, daughter of John MacNamara, 
Lord of Clanculein, Turlogh left several sons, but this 
history is concerned with two of them only, Conor, his 
successor, and Murrogh, called par excellence the Tanist. 
From the elder of these two men descended the Earls of 
Thomond ; from the younger, the Barons of Inchiquin, the 
O'Briens of Dromoland, those of Blatherwvckc, Glcn- 
columbkille, and others. Conor, now King of Thomond, 
was married a second time. His first wife had been 

1 The author has in his possession, on the occasion of the Flection of 
a M.S. translation by Eugene O'Curry. Turlogh Donn to the chieftaincy of 
of the Inauguration Ode, composed Thomond. 


Arabella de Burgh, daughter of the MacWilHam, of Clan- 
rickard, and by her he had one son, Donogh, surnamed 
The Fat. By his second wife, sister of the Earl of 
Desmond, he was father of Sir Daniel O'Brien of Ennisty- 
mon, and of Sir Turlogh, who died childless. Desmond 
was desirous to promote the interests of his nephews at 
the expense of their elder brother, while he, to preserve his 
rights, allied himself in marriage with the house of Ormond, 
a connexion which, in the subsequent reign of Elizabeth, 
tended very powerfully to the support of his family and the 
maintenance of their ancient power in Thomond. 1 He 
proposed that a piece of ordnance, with one hundred men 
of the king's army should be placed under his command, 
that with these he might become master of the castle of 
Carrigoguinniol and of the country round, and that, after 
the acquisition of these, he might hold them from Henry 
VIII., and conform to such English usages as that 
monarch should prescribe. Donogh thus set the first ex- 
ample of an O'Brien prepared to surrender his ancient 
kingly title, and willing to become a vassal of a foreign 
ruler. 2 

Conor O'Brien had rendered every support in his 
power to Silken Thomas FitzGerald in his rebellion against 
Henry VIII. After his defeat, FitzGerald repaired to 
Thomond, and got protection from its king, while a ship 
could be put in preparation to carry him off to Spain. To 
punish the refractory conduct of O'Brien, Lord Leonard 
Gray, the Lord Deputy, was ordered to bring him into sub- 
mission. He was directed to compel Conor to bind himself, 
by indenture, to renounce the Pope's supremacy, to acknow- 
ledge in its stead that of Henry, to agree to contribute 
to the expenses of the Government, and to send a cer- 
tain quota of men to every hosting of the royal troops. 

1 , Donoc;luie's Historical Memoir s Calendars of State Papers, 

of the O'Briais ; Dublin, 1S60, p. 1535, Oct. 6. 


Conor allowed the Lord Deputy to proceed no further on 
his way than Limerick. There he met him in July, 1537, 
and came into all his terms. He further undertook to aid 
the English in the work of subduing his brother Murrogh, 
the Tanist, and breaking down his bridge at O'Brien's 
bridge. Both these objects being accomplished, a peace 
for one year was made between the King of England and 
O'Brien. From the terms of this league it is obvious that 
the provincial ruler was treated on a footing of perfect 
independence of British power. 1 He did not long survive 
the visit of the Lord Deputy, his death occurring in two 
years afterwards (1539). He was the last of the descend- 
ants of Brian Boroimhe, who to the end of his life exer- 
cised supreme rule as king over Thomond. 


We now approach the time when the struggle between 
the English and Irish began in Thomond. Hitherto the 
natives were masters of the land of_ their birth. Each 
sept, and each individual of the sept, enjoyed his property 
absolutely free from any control of a man calling himself 
his landlord. The Church of the people too had its rights 
clearly defined, and enjoyed the lands bestowed upon it by 
the munificence of pious benefactors in former days. By 
the establishment of the rule of England all this was 
changed, and the endeavour to subdue the people, and 
bring them under the British system of land tenure, was 
the cause of a sanguinary struggle between the rival races 
that did not come to an end till the time of Cromwell and 
William III. In their preliminary movement to draw 
Thomond into subjection, the English Council proceeded 
very cunningly. They resolved to buy over O'Brien to 
their interests, by the offer to him of enormous bribes. 

1 State Papers Ireland, Vol. £11-, p. 56. 


They saw that if he could once be seduced, the other and 
smaller chieftains would follow. Acting on these views, 
they tendered to him the ownership in fee-simple, and to 
the exclusion of all the rest of the world, of the lands out 
of which he had received tribute as chief king, but to 
which he could lay no claim, as owner in our sense of that 
term. They further offered him the lands of the abbeys 
then lately suppressed, together with the Impropriate 
ownership of the Tithes of the parishes to which the king 
claimed the right of presentation. Such proposals were 
too tempting to be refused, and Murrogh, who, in his 
capacity of Tanist, had succeeded to the chieftainship on 
the death of his brother Conor, gave intimation of his 
readiness to enter into negotiations with the king with a 
view to the surrender of his authority. His first step was 
to write to Henry VIII. through the Lord Deputy, St. 
Leger, proffering his allegiance, and praying for pardon for 
himself and his adherents for the assistance they had given 
to Silken Thomas, and again, to the chieftains of the north 
in their attempt to drive the foreign enemy out of that 
country. He proposed to give up his claim to tribute 
from all lands lying on the east side of the Shannon, and 
as an equivalent, he embodied in his request the other privi- 
leges and demands already adverted to, to wit, a grant in 
fee-simple of all lands to which he could lay claim from 
ancient usage ; authority to govern Thomond according to 
the king's laws; the right to all the lands of the suppressed 
livings, as well as to all church patronage, except the appoint- 
ment of bishops. He further offered to give up the title of 
the O'Brien and to take that of an earl, with the privilege 
of sitting in Parliament. All his demands were acceded to, 
and he was summoned over to the English Court at Green- 
wich to receive the investiture of his earldom. He repaired 
thither accordingly, accompanied by his nephew Donogh, 
son of the last King of Thomond. To himself was given 
the earldom of Thomond, with remainder to Donogh, who 



In the letter of the king to the Irish Council, signify- 
ing his decision on these matters, he refers to another topic, 
namely, a request preferred by Dr. Neylan that the Abbey 
of Ennis, then about to be dissolved, should be granted to 
him, and stating the decision of the monarch declining 
to yield to Neylan's application. Neylan grounded his 
claim upon the fact that he had advised Conor, the late 
Prince of Thomond, to give in his adhesion to the Govern- 
ment of England. In the same letter, Henry states, that 
he had conferred the bishopric of Kilfenora on the son of 
Sir Dermot O'Shaughnessy. 2 

1 Calendars of State Papers, No- Annals of the Four Masters, A.n. - 
vember, 1541, March 31, 1542, 1542. 
June 2, 1542, July 5 and 12, 1542. - Caln.i.of State Pa/>:rs,]\x\y(), 1543. 

was in reality, according to British ideas, the legitimate 
and proper chief, as being the eldest son of the last ruler. 
Lest Donogh should feel discontented, the title of baron of 
Ibrickan was bestowed upon him, and he was to enjoy it 
during the lifetime of his uncle. 1 The example of the 
O'Brien and his nephew was followed by other chieftains 
of Thomond, who saw that the time was come when the 
power of England was likely to become predominant. 
Shceda MacNamara, the Lord of Clanculcin, offered to 
become the king's subject on condition of obtaining a 
peerage, and of having the lands from which he only had 
the right of tribute previously, conferred upon him in 
fee-simple. His proposal relative to the peerage was re- 
fused, and he was obliged to content himself with the 
simple dignity of knighthood, but the lands were granted 
to him in conformity with his wishes. A similar honour 
was conferred on Donogh O'Grady, head of the Ui Don- 
ghaile, and the lands of his tribe also bestowed upon 


All these questions of titles and grants of land were 
viewed by the people with indifference. They little knew 
how important such things might become in the future. 
As long as the O'Briens, MacNamara, and O'Grady lived 
they received their usual tribute, and it was not till after 
their death that the enormous significance of their dealings 
withthe English Crown became manifest. Then it was found 
that the lands which had for ages belonged to the members 
of the clan, each possessing his own share by indefea- 
sible right, suddenly became the exclusive property of the 
eldest son of the defunct chief. Their eyes were opened 
to the trick that had been played upon them, and they 
fiercely resisted every attempt to enforce claims which they 
deemed absolutely preposterous and untenable. On the 
other hand, the eldest sons of the grantees claimed the aid 
of English power to support them in the assertion of their 
newly acquired rights, and the foreigners feeling that by 
the creation of dissensions amongst the natives their own 
authority might be more easily extended, lent a willing 
hand to the chieftains in their endeavour to coerce their 
kindred into a recognition of the feudal law of primogeni- 
ture. Very few records of these struggles have come 
down to our times, but from incidental glimpses, furnished 
by the writings of the Four Masters, we learn that they 
were fierce, protracted, and bloody. 


Murrogh O'Brien died in 1 55 1, and the earldom devolved 
upon his nephew, Donogh the Fat, according to the terms 
of its creation. He- was, however, to be earl only for his 
lifetime, without power to transmit the title to his de- 
scendants. To enable him to do that, he was advised to 
surrender his dignities to Edward VI., and to apply for a 
new patent. The young king did all that he wanted and 
more ; he granted to Donogh the lands and heredita- 
ments which had lapsed to the Crown by the death of Mur- 


rogh, to descend to his heirs according to the course of the 
common law of England. The new patent bears date 
the 7th of November, 1552. No sooner were its terms 
made known than the half brothers of Donogh (who were 
the children of his father by his second marriage with the 
daughter of the Earl of Desmond), saw how completely 
their interests had been sacrificed. Instead of having a 
share in the inheritance of their father, and having the right 
of being nominated Tanists in case that, at any time, one or 
other of them might, perchance, be selected for that honour 
by the Dalcassians, they saw themselves cut off from every 
hope of succession to lands or attainment of dignity. 
They flew to arms and attacked their brother, in the dead 
of night, at the Castle of Clonroad, whither he had retired 
for safety. They burned and plundered the town, but 
whether they reached Donogh is not related, although 
his death happening five weeks afterwards gave rise to 
the suspicion that he received some bodily injury at the 
hands of his infuriated brothers. 1 Being thus delivered 
from their foe, they proceeded to elect a King of Thomond 
according to the ancient usage of the country, and so set 
at naught the validity of the title of earl inherited by" their 
nephew, Conor. The choice of the people fell upon 
the eldest of the brothers, whose name was Donald, and 
who was the ancestor of the O'Briens of Ennistymon. 
He was evidently a man worthy of their vote, for he 
was bold and warlike, as the relation of his actions will 
sufficiently show. He invaded Ely O'Carroll, and com- 
pelled its chieftains to submit to his authority. He ravaged 
the territory of Clanrickard. He invested the Castle of 

1 Annals of Four Masters, a.d. of his first cou-in Mahon, the son of 

1553. The attack 011 Clonroad was Brian, son of Teige, son of Turlogh 

made in the very beginning of Lent, Donn. They also state that Derm t, 

and Donogh's death happened on the second Baron of Inchiquin, and eUie.-t 

Passion Saturday following : son of Murrogh the Tanist, died in 

About this time (A.D. 1552), the 1552, on the eve of the Festival of Si. 

same Annalists record the death at the Bridget, and that he was buried in 

hands of the followers of Earl Donogh the monastery of Ennis. 


Doonmulvihil, inhabited then by the earl, but was forced 
to raise the siege. He immediately afterwards invaded 
Clanrickard, and thence drove away flocks and herds 
belonging to the Burkes. 1 In 1555 he led an army into 
Leinster to oppose the forces of the Lord Deputy Sussex. 
He met them in the Queen's County, and a truce was 
concluded, both parties preferring a patched-up peace to 
the risk of a battle. In this truce O'Brien acted as the 
representative of all the Irish from the Barrow to the 
Shannon. 2 


Hitherto all went favourably for Donald, and for two 
or three years longer he was suffered to rule supreme over 
Thomond, and to regulate its affairs by the law of Tanistry. 
He was the last native prince of Ireland who governed 
according to the ancient usages of the people, and in whose 
territory the Brehon laws were latest administered. But a 
change was soon to come over his affairs. By the death of 
his brother Turlough, in 1557, he lost a valuable auxiliary, 
and his nephew Conor, having claimed the aid of the Lord 
Deputy, received that nobleman's promise of support in his 
endeavour to assert the rights and property of an eldest son 
and of an English earl. Sussex accordingly repaired to 
Thomond with a strong army, took the castles of Bunratty, 
Clare, and Clonroad, placed them in the hands of Conor, 
and re-established him in all the privileges and lands 
appertaining to the earldom of Thomond. Donald was 
proclaimed a traitor, and with his son, Teige an Tsusain, 
(of the uncombed hair), was obliged to fly to Maguire of 
Fermanagh. There, before a year had passed, Teige died, 
but Donald lived to return to his native country and to 
give much additional trouble to the Earl. 3 

1 Four Masters, A.D. 1 554. s Idem, A.D. 1558. Calendar of 

- Idem, A.D. 1555. Stale Papers, A.D. 155S. 


Conor O'Brien, thus restored to his rights, testified his 
gratitude by solemnly relinquishing the title of the O'Brien, 
and promising on his own behalf, and on the part of his 
kindred, to be for ever obedient to the Government of Eng- 
land, and to live accordingto its laws. His act of renunciation 
was performed in the Cathedral of Limerick, and it was soon 
afterwards followed by a solemn engagement, entered into 
by the principal chieftains of Thomond, to be faithful 
subjects of the. English Crown. 

Conor now proceeded to bring into subjection his rebel- 
lious relatives, Teige and Donogh, the sons of Murrogh. 
The latter named of these resided in the castle of Inchi- 
quin, and the Earl resolved to dispossess him. He laid 
siege to the place, but he had to abandon it soon afterwards, 
because of the intelligence he received, that the Earl of 
Desmond was coming to support his kinsman. Desmond 
hearing that the Earl was at Ballyallia, marched to that 
place and reached it late in the evening. On the following 
morning, at break of day, he gave battle, at Spancilhill, to 
the forces of the Earl of Thomond and to those of the 
Earl of Clanrickard, who had joined him. and routed them 
completely. 1 He restored Donogh and Teige to the 
quiet possession of Inchiquin and the other places which 
had belonged to them and then departed to his own 
country. 2 Notwithstanding the defeat suffered by Conor at 
Spancilhill, he soon plucked up courage to attack other ene- 
mies. His first enterprise was against O'Flaherty, of West 
Connaught ; his next was to aid the Earl of Essex in an 
expedition against the chieftain of Tyrone. Again, he in- 
vaded the country of O'Conor Kerry, and Glenn Carbraighe 
(Glin, county of Limerick.) 3 But he was soon called back 

1 Annals Four Masters, a.d. 1559. Carthy, who had been successively 
These writers call the place Cnoc the wife of the Earls of Desmoiul and 
Fuarchoile, the hill of the cold of Thomond, died in 1560, and was 
wood. It is now corruptly called in buried at Oirbealach (Muckross 
Irish Cnoc Urcoill, and incorrectly Abbey). — Four Masters. 
translated Spancil Hill. — 0' Donovan. s Four Masters, A.D. 1562. 

2 Eveleen, daughter of the Mac 

( .» 


to defend himself from his own kinsfolk at home. Donald, 
who had been driven out of the country in 1558, came back 
from Fermanagh to assert his position as elected king of 
Thomond. He was immediately joined by the brothers 
Teige of Smithstown, and Donogh of Leamaneh. Their 
first act was to force and plunder the stronghold of Baile- 
mac-Riagain (Ballymacrogan). They were pursued by the 
people of the place and overtaken at Cathair-meg-Gormain 
(Cahermagorman, in the townland of Sohecn, parish of 
Dysert). At first they fled from their enemies to Cnoc-an- 
Scamhail (Scool-hill) ; suddenly they turned and routed the 
Earl and his followers. 

Two years afterwards (1 564), another coalition was made 
between the Earl's enemies, and they prepared to plunder 
the lands he possessed in the eastern parts of the county. 
They ranged along the river O'Cearnaigh, in Clan Culein, 
(Sixmile-bridge), and attacked the castle of Rossroe, where 
he happened to be at that time. They burned the town, and 
killed nearly one hundred of his followers whom they 
found there. Their proceedings alarmed the whole country, 
and the Annalists relate that every man from Sliabh Oidh- 
eadha-an-Righ (Cratloe mountains), to Luchat (Lughid 
Bridge), and from Rinn Eanaigh (Rinanha), to Seairbh 
(Scariff), rose to pursue them. They escaped across the 
Fergus, bringing off their booty safely. To sustain them- 
selves in their efforts against the Earl, they brought from 
beyond the Shannon " Bonnaghtmen " (mercenaries), of the 
Clan Sweeney and Clan Sheehy, whom they employed in 
helping to devastate their own unfortunate country. 1 

1 The following occurrences are near Loop Head. Donald O'Brien of 

related by the Four Masters as having (Ennistymon), made them prisoners, 

happened about this time, viz. : and having brought them to Magh 

"A.D. 1565. Mahon, son of Turlogh Glae (Ballinalacken), in sight of their 

Mantagh (Toothless), son of Donogh, island, he hanged some and burned 

son of Donald, son of Turlogh Meith others of them in expiation of their 

(the Fat), was slain in his own town oftence. 

of Aircin, in Arran, by his own rela- A.D. 156S. Margaret, daughter of 

tions. Alarmed fur the consequences Donogh, second Earl of Thomond, and 

of their act, they tied to Ru^bay, wife of the Earl of Clanrickard, died. 



A.D. 1570. It now became necessary that the English 
should publicly exhibit their newly-acquired authority in 
Thomond. Sir Edward Fitton, President of the Province 
of Connaught, issued a proclamation for holding an assizes 
at Ennis in February of this year. A supply of provisions 
and liquors was sent into the monastery of that town by the 
high sheriff, Teige O'Brien of Smithstown, the first man 
who ever held that office in the county. When Fitton 
arrived, he expected that the Earl of Thomond should be 
among the first to receive him, but that nobleman, disdain- 
ing to acknowledge the authority of the President, remained 
at his castle of Clare, two miles distant. A message was 
sent to him, carried by a party of cavalry, headed by his 
uncle, Sir Donald of Ennistymon. Instead of obeying, he 
attacked the messengers and made them prisoners. Fitton, 
on the following day, apprehensive for his own safety, 
retired towards the county of Galway, being conducted 
thither by the high sheriff, and by his brother Donogh of 
Leamaneh. They were pursued as far as Gort-insi-Guaire 
(Gort), by the Earl. Such conduct as this, after all the 
favours bestowed upon him, excited the anger of the Lord 
Deputy, and it was resolved to chastise the rebellious 
O'Brien. The Earl of Ormond was deputed to perform 
that duty, but when he arrived in Thomond, instead of 
meeting opposition, he was met by Conor, and received 
at his hands full submission. It was agreed that he should 
give up to Ormond the Castles of Bunratty, Clonroad, 
and Clare, reserving to himself only one stronghold, that 

A.D. 1569. Slaine, daughter of not skilled in Latin or English, was 

Murrogh, the Tanist, died. ' much esteemed by the English. 

A.D. 1569. More Phecacrh (the A.D. 1570. MacNamara.thatis John, 

( jaudy), i^hterof Brlanf^ of th -° n f Shecd, u son of Maccor .son 

Teige-an-Chomhaid, and wife of ofbheeda.son ot , son of L o ug h- 

O'Shaughnessy, a woman distin- ^' ^ ,"" nf T.'i tic' 

gui.-hed for her beauty and mumfi- ? e r was a ma ? noble and . » aJ ^T' 

cence, died. the favourite of women and damsels, 

on account of his great mirthfulness, 

A.D. 1569. Gilla Duv O'Shattgh- and Donald Reagh, the son of Cu : 

nessy, the son of the above lady, vea, the son of Donogh, took his 

died. He was a man who, although place." 


of Moy, near Lahinch. No sooner had he surrendered 
these than he repented of his facility, but it was too late. 
Finding that he could not make head against the new 
powers, he fled to Kerry and afterwards to France. Or- 
mond took advantage of his flight and seized his other 
castles of Castlebank, Dyscrt, Moynoe, and Moy. He also 
received the submission of the O'Loghlens, MacMahons, 
and many other principal people of the county. In the 
course of his operations, he had occasion to make a demand 
upon the Mayor of Limerick for the conveyance of ordnance 
to the Castle of Bunratty, and he complains to the Lord 
Deputy that he had been refused all aid by that magistrate. 
He also refers to a good road which he had got made 
through the long pass to Bunratty. 1 

Thomond, from his place of exile at Paris, wrote to the 
Queen expressing contrition for his rebellion, and asking 
to be restored to his possessions. Elizabeth, knowing how 
essential it was to secure the allegiance of so important a 
personage, readily granted the pardon asked for, and gave 
permission that he should present himself at her court in 
England.' 2 After his return home, he adhered strictly to his 
engagements, and in the following year, when Fitton held 
another assizes at Ennis, he gave every assistance to the 
President in his endeavour to bring the country under the 
rule of English law. 3 


In 1573, f° r some reason not known to us, a war broke 
out between the O'Briens themselves. It is needless to 
say that the quarrel was taken up by their partizans on all 

Y Four Masters, a.d. 1570. Caleu- ' " A.D. 1572. Died, Margaret, aunt 

dar of State Papers relating to Ire- of Conor the Earl. She was hospi- 

land, preserved in Public Record table, pious, and chaste. 

Office, London, a.d. 1570. "A.n. 1572. Conor, the Earl hanged 

2 Calendar of 'State Papers, A.D. 1570. Owen Roe MacWard and Maurice 

'■'•Idem, April 21, 1571. Ballagh O'Clery, men learned in Poe- 

The following are taken from the try and History." 
Four Masters : 


sides, and that a general plunder of the country was the 
consequence. What the dispute was about is of very little 
importance, but in their description of the fighting, the 
Four ' Masters give the names of several places in the 
county, according to their original spelling, which we here 
reproduce as illustrative of its topography. One of the bel- 
ligerent parties assembled at Ard-na-cabog, near Clare 
Castle. Thence they marched through Dromcliff, Kilna- 
mona, and Dysert, and "over the stone road of Coradh-Finne 
(Corofin), by the gate of the Castle of Inchiquin, and by 
Bothar-na-mac Riogh" (the road from Corofin to Killinaboy. 
called the road of the king's sons, for some reason with 
which we are unacquainted). They despoiled the church 
of Cill-inghine-Baoith (Killinaboy), and proceeded in a 
north-westerly direction, by the confines of Corcomroe and 
Burren ; spreading themselves about, they plundered the 
country in all directions. Their opponents mustered their 
forces at Carn-mic-Tail, now Carn-Connachtach, but they 
had to retire from that place early the next morning, their 
invaders approaching by Sliabh-na-ngroigheadh, 1 keeping 
Bel-atha-an Ghobhain (Smithstown), on their left. Both 
armies — one in pursuit of the other, then marched by 
Cill Mainchin to Bel-an-chip. 2 There a skirmish took 
place, and one party retreating before their antagonists, by 
way of Beann Formaile, 3 both arrived at Caherush (Ca- 
thair Ruis). 


Having in view the final subjugation of the Irish o( 
Munster, the Lord Deputy, Sir Henry Sidney, made a 
progress through that province in 1576. He abolished 
the ancient customs of " Coigny, Kernetty, and Bonaght," 
and ordered that the rules of English law should be 

1 Now Slievenngry (the mountain Carowntedaun, on the seashore, 

of horses), near Lisdoonvama. 'Now Binn Formaoile, a mountain 

- Now Cnoc-a-chip (cip means the about one mile to the west of Inagh 

trunk of a tree), in the townland of chapel. 


substituted for them. He made Donald O'Brien of En- 
nistymon, Governor of the County of Clare, and the new 
ruler signalised his accession to the office by hanging 
refractory rebels and malefactors. In this year, Thomond 
was separated from Connaught and joined to Munster, at 
the solicitation of the Earl of Thomond. In the fol- 
lowing year, Sir William Drury, who had been recently 
appointed President of Munster., and who had, at Lime- 
rick, hanged several of the gentlemen and common people 
of the O'Briens, held an assizes at Ennis which lasted for 
eight days. He left the county, after he had appointed 
a marshal to compel the inhabitants to pay a tribute of ten 
pounds for each barony to the Queen, an impost wholly 
unknown to the Dal Cais up to that time. The lands of 
the Earl of Thomond were not exempted from payment, 
although he had proceeded to England to obtain that 
favour, as well as to complain of the injury and injustice 
done to him by his kinsmen. His journey, however, was 
not quite unproductive of advantage. He obtained from 
Elizabeth a renewed grant of all his lands, pardon for his 
people, and a patent conveying to him most of the Church 
lands and livings of the county. 1 He did not long sur- 
vive his return home, for his death occurred in 15S0, his age 
being forty-five years, during twenty-two of which he en- 

1 About this time the Four Masters A.D. 15S1. Two companies of sol- 
record the following events : — diers were billeted in Thomond, by 

" A.D. 1577. Teige O'Brien of Captain Deering. from November to 

Smithstown. died. March. 

A.D. 157S. Slaine, sister of Conor, a.d. 1582. Teige O'Brien, (ancestor 

and of Morrogh the Tanist, and wife of the O'Briensof Ballycorick). brother 

of Brian MacMahon of West Corca- of the 2nd earl of Thomond, died, and 

baskin, died. was interred in the Monasteryof Ennis. 

A.D. 157S. Sida, son of Maccon. a.d. 15S2. The Dean O'Grady. that 

son of Sida, son ot Maccon, Tanist of is, Eonogh Oge. son of Donogh, son 

East Clan Culein, was slain at Sliabh of Donogh, son of Nicholas, a man ot 

Echtghe, as he was pursuing a prey great power in Church and State, died, 

which the kerns of Clanrickard were a.d. 15S2. Donogh O'Brien of 

carrying off. Leamaneh, son of Murrogh the Ta- 

a.d. 1579. Sir Donald O'Brien of nist, had joined the Earl of Clanrick- 
Ennistymon aged 65. died, and was ard against the English, but had been 
buried at Ennis. His son Turlogh pardoned. Captain Mordant, Mar- 
succeeded, shall of Clare, pretended to discover 



joyed the chieftainship of his race. He was buried in the 
abbey of Ennis, and his eldest son Donogh succeeded, 
as fourth Earl of Thomond. 

some flaw in the protection, and hav- 
ing taken O'Brien prisoner, hanged 
him in the gateway of Limerick. 
Mordant was joined in this foul act 
by Sir George Cusack. who was that 
year Sheriff. O'Brien's body was laid 
in the Abbey of Ennis. (By an In- 
quisition, taken at Dromolancl, 6th 
December, 1582, it was found that 
Donogh O'Brien was taken in rebel- 
lion and executed ; that at his death 
he was seized in fee of the castles of 
Dromoland and Ballyconneely, and 
the lands of Ballyconablan, Ballygir- 
rean. Latoon, Rathfolan, and Lythe- 
rayne. It was also found that Do- 
nogh's father, (i.e. the Tanist), was 
seized of Leamaneh, of the castle of 
Tromroe, of Ballygriffy castle, and ot 
the abbey of Corcomroe. ) 

A.D. 1583. The countess of Tho- 
mond, i.e., Eveleen, wife of Donogh 
the fourth Earl, and daughter of Mau- 
rice Roche, died at Clonroad, and was 
buried in Ennis abbey. 

A.D. 1583. Turlogh O'Brien of En- 
nistymon, went to England, and was 
created a knight by Queen Elizabeth. 

A.D. 1584. Turlogh O'Loghlen, was 
taken prisoner at Muckinish. by Sir 
Turlogh O'Brien, and at the Summer 
assizes following, was hanged by Cap- 
tain Brabazon. 

A.D. 1584. The son of MacNamara 

of West Clanculein, namely, Donogh, 
son of Teige, son of Cumeadha, son of 
Cumara, son of John, died. 

A.D. 1584. The Lord Justice, Sir 
John Perrott, repaired from Galway 
to Limerick, staying the first night at 
Kilmacduagh, and the second at Quin. 
There he was met by those chieftains 
of the County of Clare who had not 
already paid their respects to him at 
Galway. Cruise, the Sheriff of Clare, 
also waited on him, having in his cus- 
tody Donogh Beg, a nephew of Do- 
nogh, second Earl of Thomond, who 
had been guilty of various depreda- 
tions in Connaught. Perrott ordered 
that he should be hung from a cart, 
and that his bones should be broken 
with an axe. His body thus mangled 
was fastened with ropes to the top of 
the ' Cloccas' (belfry) of Quin. 

A.D. 1585. A parliament was con- 
voked at Dublin, and the following 
representatives from the County of 
Clare attended its sittings : the Earl 
of Thomond ; Sir Turlogh O'Brien of 
Ennistymon, and Boetius Clancy, who 
had been nominated members ; Tur- 
logh O'Brien, nephew of the Earl ; 
John MacNamara, Lord of West 
Clanculein ; and Rossa O'Loghlen of 
Burren. (Lord Inchiquin also sat in 
this parliament as a peer.)" 



FROM 150O TO 164I. 


IN the previous part of this work we have related the his- 
tory of Thomond', as it existed under its ancient institutions. 
Henceforward, we are to record the story of the County of 
Clare under its new name, and as subject to English rule. 
The first step taken towards what was called the settlement 
of the county was the issue of a commission, by Sir John 
Perrott the Lord Deputy, addressed to Sir Richard Bing- 
ham, Governor of Connaught, and to other principal men of 
Connaught and Clare, authorising them to substitute a stated 
tax for the uncertain "cessings and cuttings" which had 
previously prevailed under the government of the native 
chieftains. This impost was to be paid to the Queen, and 
it was fixed at ten shillings, of English money, for every 
quarter of one hundred and twenty acres. In addition, the 
inhabitants wefe to render their aid of horse and foot, on 
the requisition of the Queen's representative, and upon these 
conditions all other tributes were to be abolished. The 
Commissioners began with Clare, and an agreement was 
made with the principal gentry of the county, of which the 
following is an abstract: — "Indenture, dated the 17th of 
August, 1585, between Sir John Perrott, knight, of the 
one part, and the Lords spiritual and temporal, chieftains, 
gentlemen, etc., of that part of the province of Connaught 
called Thomond, that is to say, Donogh Earl of Thomond ; 
Murrogh Baron of Inchiquin ; the Reverend Fathers in 
God, Mauritius (Murtagh O'Brien Ara), Bishop of Killa- 
loe, Daniel, Elect-Bishop of Kilfcnora, (Daniel O'Griffy, 
Vicar-General) ; Donogh O'Horan, Dean of Killaloe ; 


Daniel O'Shanny, Dean of Kilfenora; Denis Archdeacon of 
the same ; Sir Edward Waterhouse of Doonass, knight ; 
Sir Turlogh O'Brien of Ennistymon, knight ; John MacNa- 
mara (Finn) of Knoppoge, otherwise called MacNamara of 
West Clan Culein ; Donald Rcagh MacNamara of Garru- 
ragh, otherwise called MacNamara of East Clan Culein ; 
Teige MacMahon of Clonderalaw, otherwise called Mac 
Mahon of Corcabaskin East ; Turlogh MacMahon of Moy- 
arta, chief of his name in Corcabaskin West ; Murtagh 
O'Brien of Dromline, (brother of the Earl of Thomond) ; 
Mahone O'Brien of Cloondovan, gent. ; Owny O'Loghlen 
of Greggans, otherwise called the O'Loghlen; Ross O'Logh- 
len of Glancolumbkille, Tanist to the same O'Loghlen ; 
Mahone and Dermot O'Dea of Tullyodea, chiefs of their 
name ; Conor MacGillarcagh of Cragbrien, chief of his 
name ; Turlogh, son of Teige O'Brien of Ballycorick, gent. ; 
Luke Brady, son and heir of the late bishop of Meath ; 
Edward White of Cratloe, gent. ; George Cusack of Dro- 
moland, gent. ; Boetius Clancy of Knockfinn, gent. ; John 
MacNamara of Mountallon, gent. ; Henry O'Grady of the 
Island of Inchicronan, gent. ; Donogh MacClancy of the 
Urlan, chief of his name; Donogh Garv O'Brien of Bally- 
cessy, gent. ; Conor O'Brien of Cahircorcran, gent. ; and 
George Fanning of Limerick, merchant, of the other part. 

" Witnesseth, that all Irish titles shall be abolished; the 
inhabitants are to grant to the Queen ten shillings a-year 
for every quarter of land containing one hundred and 
twenty acres that bears either horn or corn, in lieu of all 
other demands, save the raising of horse and foot for her 
Majesty. The Earl of Thomond is to surrender all claims 
upon Inchiquin in favour of Baron Inchiquin, but he is to 
have five shillings per quarter of annual rent out o( Clon- 
derlaw, Moyarta, Burren, and part of Tulla, except such 
lands as belong to the see of Killaloe. Out of other parts ^ 
of Tulla, Lord Inchiquin is to be paid a yearly rent of five 
shillings for each quarter, the bishop of Killaloc's lands to 


be exempted ; and out of Corcomroe, he is to receive five 
shillings per quarter, but his claim is not to extend to the 
denominations owned by the bishop and dean of Kilfenora, 
nor to the property of Boetius Clancy, " in. consideration of 
his birth, learning, and good bringing up ; " nor to that of 
Sir Turlogh O'Brien of Ennistymon. Some of the signa- 
tories of the Deed of Composition seem to have been 
bribed into conformity by Perrott, for we observe that 
Turlogh O'Brien and Boetius Clancy were to hold respec- 
tively their castles and lands of Ennistymon, Dough, 
Ballinalacken, and Knockfinn free from crown-rent and from 
all demands of the Earl of Thomond. On the same terms 
John MacNamara Finn, was to hold his castles of Knap- 
poge, and Dangan, and four quarters; Donald MacXamara 
Reagh, his castles of Garruragh, &c, and four quarters ; 
Teige MacMahon, his castle and lands of Clonderalaw ; 
Turlogh MacMahon, his castle and lands of Moyarta, 
Doonbeg, &c. ; Owney O'Loghlen, his castle of Greggans, 
with four quarters of land; Mahone O'Brien, his castle and 
lands of Cloondovan, and six quarters ; Sir Edward 
Waterhouse, knight, having purchased lands, bordering 
upon ill neighbours, he is to have the castle of Doonass, 
otherwise called Annaghmore and Annaghbeg, with eight 
quarters, exempt from crown-rent and from all demands 
of the Earl of Thomond. The Deed further sets forth 
that Dr. James Neylan, " in respect of his constant good 
intention towards the State, whereof he hath good testi- 
mony under the hands of many governors of this realm," 
shall have the castle of Ballyallia and Ballycoree, with two 
quarters of land, on the same terms ; and finally the 
document declares that Edward White, Clerk of the 
Council of the province of Connaught, shall have the castle 
of Cratloc (More), with three quarters of land in the said 
Cratloe, viz., Kyrrenbuoy, Portryne, and Clonsoynshyne, 
free from rent ; and that George Cusack shall have 
Dromoland, with four quarters, on similar terms. It was 


settled that the Deed should be enrolled in the Court of 
Chancery. 1 

All the efforts of the Lord Deputy were unavailing to 
secure the peace of the newly-defined county. In the 
very next year after the execution of the instrument above 
abstracted, one of the parties to it, namely, Mahone O'Brien, 2 
was in arms against the English. He retreated to his castle 
of Cloondovan, and there he was besieged by Sir Richard 
Bingham Governor of Connaught. At the end of three 
weeks, Mahone being on the battlements of his stronghold, 
in the act of pouring down rocks upon the besiegers, he 
received a bullet through the head, a disaster which induced 
■his retainers to surrender the place. They received no 
quarter, and the west side of the castle was razed to the 
ground, it being deemed at the time, an almost impregnable 
fortress. 3 Other disturbances appear to have preceded the 
revolt of Mahone, because we read that an assizes had been 
previously held at Ennis, at which no less than seventy 
persons, men and women, were put to death. The English 
established a jail at Ennis, and appointed one Patrick 
Morgan jailer (1 591). Thus did they signalise their advent 
into the county. 

Some minor occurrences took place about this time, and 
we proceed to extract these from the Annals of the Four 
Masters : 

"A.D. 1586. Donald, son of Murtagh Garv O'Brien, was 
hanged at Ennis in January by Sir Richard Bingham. 

A.D. 1588. Teige, son of Donald Reagh MacXamara, 
of Garruragh, was hanged at Galway. 

1 The above abstract is taken from May, 1592. it was found that the 

the original Chancery Roll in the Re- above-named Mahone O'Brien was 

cord Office, Dublin. It is asserted at his death, the owner of Cloondo- 

by the Four Masters that John Mac van. Boulawan, Killeenmacoog, Der- 

Namara did not sign the Deed. reenatlaghtaun, and Tulla. all ot which 

'-From this Mahone, according to lands were forfeited to the Crown by 

the Four Masters (a.d. 15S6),. the his rebellion. See Clare Inquisition. 

sliocht Mahon (the family ol Mahon), These lands were afterwards given to 

is named. George Cusack, but Turlogh, son oi 

* Ann. Four Masters, a.d. 15S6. the former owner, slew Cusack. See 

By an Inquisition taken on the 24th Four Masters, 1599. 


A.D. 1 5 89. Una, widow of Conor, third Earl of Tho- 
mond, and daughter of Turlogh (Mac Ibrian Ara), died 
at Clare-More. 

A.D. 1589. Turlogh, son of Teige, son of Conor, son of 
Turlogh, son of Teige O'Brien of Beal-atha-an-Chomraic 
(Ballycorick), died. 

a.d. 1589. Teige-an-Duna, the son of Donogh, son 
of Murtagh, son of Donogh, son of Murtagh, son of 
Ballach, the senior of the MacMahons, of Tuath-na-Farna 
and of Sliocth-an-Bhallaigh, died. He was a most brave 
man. 1 

A.D. 1589. Dermot Oge, the son of Dermot, son of Do- 
nogh, son of Dermot, son of Conor bishop of Limerick, 
son of Murrogh-an-Dana O'Dea, died, and was buried in 
his own town of Dysert Tola, in the cantred Cineal Fear- 
maic in the upper part of Dal Cais." 2 




tfjif About this time occurred certain incidents which may 

r Jp Q here related : 

P ff On the 5th of September, 1588, seven ships of the 
/ Spanish Armada came into the Shannon and anchored at 

j Carrigaholt. Two of these were of one thousand tons 

burden each, two others of four hundred tons, and the 
remainder of smaller size. Nicholas Cahane, the Coroner 
of Thomond, went on board, but he could get little infor- 
mation from the strangers further than that they were 
perishing from want of water. Eager for the acquisition of 
this necessary article, they despatched a boat to Kilrush 
with offers to exchange a cask of wine for every cask of 
water they might take away. The townspeople dared not 
supply their wants, for the sheriff of the county had received 

] Tuath-na-Fearna here means Kil- rick, succeeded in the year 1400 
r^l; r rvr^ , ■ , r T . resigned the see in 1426, and died iu 

Cornelius O Dea, bishop of Lime- 1434- See Harris' 11 arts Bishops. 



positive orders from Sir Richard Bingham to refuse supplies 
of every kind, and he was to put to death all Spaniards 
who might come on shore. In despair at this reception, 
they put to sea once more, to brave their fate on the stormy 
ocean. On the next day, a vessel was seen at anchor in 
a wild spot, a mile to the west of the castle of Liscannor. 
The patron and purser, whose name was Pedro Baptista of 
Naples, landed in the expectation of procuring water. The 
purser was arrested, and gave the name of his ship as the 
" Sumiga." He stated that the crew were perishing for 
want of water, and that the master and four of the men had 
already died of thirst. Other vessels were observed from 
the shore, and on the 10th of September one of them 
drifted into a bay near Doonbcg, and became a total 
wreck. Three hundred of the crew were drowned, and 
about sixty men who had landed were slaughtered by the 
natives or executed by order of Sir Turlogh O'Brien, of 
Tromroe. Another ship attempted to sail between Mutton 
Island and the shore, but she took the ground and went to 
pieces. A thousand men belonging to her were said to 
have perished. From the surrounding country, the popula- 
tion came down to the shore for plunder, and it was with 
difficulty that Cahane could find a boy willing to take a 
message to the Mayor of Limerick. Such of the unhappy 
foreigners as escaped drowning were executed by Boetius 
Clancy, high sheriff of the county, assisted by Sir Turlogh 
O'Brien, Captain Mordaunt, and Mr. Morton. A massive 
table, preserved at Dromoland Castle, is almost the only 
relic, left in Clare, of the disastrous fate of the Spanish 
Armada. 1 

For some years peace prevailed in the county, a most 
unusual circumstance. The Burkes of Galway, broke out 
into rebellion, and the Earl of Thomond was summoned by 

1 See Froude, History of England. 
Calendar of State Papers. EVu. Ca- 
rezu MSS. foitmal of Royal Arelueo- 
losical Association, 1SS0, vol. ix., 

fourth series, 

Article by T. J. West- 

ropp, M.A. 

See, also, HarLian 

Miscellany, i. 


Sir Richard Bingham to aid him in bringing them into sub- 
mission [1590]. Again, in 1593, in 1596, and in 1597, the 
Earl's services were called into requisition to help the 
English. He left Ireland for England, in January, 1598, 
and remained there the whole of that year. Before his 
departure, he had been solicited by the Lord Justice to 
co-operate against O'Donnell who had revolted in Ulster. 
Murrogh, fourth Baron of Inchiquin, also was required 
to give his assistance. They promptly responded to the 
call, and marched their forces, under command of the 
Governor of Connaught, towards the North. In attempting 
to cross the river Erne, they were met by the army of 
O'Donnell, and the Baron of Inchiquin received a bullet in 
the arm pit, through an opening in his coat of mail. His 
body was carried to Assaroe, and buried in the abbey of 
that place. The Franciscan friars of the monastery of 
Donegal laid claim to the privilege of having his remains 
repose in their cemetery, and appealed to the bishops of 
Derry and Raphoe. Their demand was acceded to, and 
the Baron's body was re-interred in Donegal. 1 

During his absence in Tirconnel, the Burkes of Castle- 
connell attempted to dispossess his wife (Margaret Cusack, 
daughter of Sir Thomas Cusack, Lord Chancellor of Ire- 
land), of the lands of Portcrusha, an ancient inheritance of 
his family, situated at the Limerick side of the Shannon. 
Lady Inchiquin's reapers were driven off by the Burkes. 
She immediately despatched a number of men from Clare 
to sustain her servants at Castleconnell. The Burkes 
met them, and a fierce combat took place, the result of 

1 We subjoin the following notices country of the Butlers, and executed 

taken from the Four Misters : by the Earl of Ormond. 

A.D. 1596. Conor O'Brien, son of a.d. 1597. Ellen, widow of Do- 
O'Brien of Ballycorick, accompanied nagh, second Earl of Thomond, and 
by the MacSheehys of the County of daughter of the Earl of Ormond. 
Limerick, having been on an expedi- died. 

tion in the North, on their return A.n. 1597. Dermot. son of Ed- 
home were taken, and Conor hanged mond, son of Rory O'Dea, of Tulla 
at Cork. O'Dea, was killed by the insurgents (?) 

Teige, the nephew of Conor, third of the County of Clare, in the month 

Earl of Thomond, was taken in the of July. 


which is not given by the Annalists. They only say, 
that Ulick Burke and four other gentlemen were slain on 
one side, while on the other, Hugh O'Hogan, Murrogh 
O'Brien, and Thomas, the son of Christopher Cruise, lost 
their lives. 

The Four Masters further set down that, in this year, 
[1598], "there existed strife and dissensions among some of 
the gentlemen cf Thomond, concerning the division and 
joint tenure ('nn coriipomn ajut" 1111 coriiAi^ueAr* a qnce') 
of their territory lands, which it would be tedious to de- 
scribe." No doubt, these quarrels were occasioned by the 
new tenure, giving all the lands of each principal chief to 
his eldest son. The Annalists go on to describe the strife, 
but as it is impossible, from their narrative, to understand 
the subject, we give the story substantially in their own 
words : " Among these gentlemen was Teigc, the brother 
of Donogh, fourth Earl of Thomond, by whom the bridge 
of Portcrusha was taken from Margaret Cusack, after the 
Burkes had failed in depriving her of it. He also took 
the castle of Clooney, in Ui Caisin, and the castle of 
Scariff, from the attorney of the bishop of Meath's son 
(Brady). Among these also, was Conor, son of Donald, 
son of Mahone, son of Brien O'Brien, who took Baile-an- 
Caislain (Castletown, in Upper Clan-Culein), from John 
MacNamara Finn. Among them likewise was Turlogh, son 
of Mahone, from Coill O'Flannchadha, who took Derryowen 
from George Cusack. Among the same gentlemen, was 
Turlogh, son of Murrogh, son of Conor O'Brien of Cathair 
Mionain (near Kilfenora), and his kinsman Dermot Roe, 
who joined in the war of the Irish. Among them, more- 
over, was Teige Caech (purblind), the son of Turlogh, son 
of Brian, son of Donagh MacMahon, who, about Christmas 
of this year, captured an English ship which had been 
going astray for a long time before. It happened to 
put in at a harbour at West Corcabaskin, in the neigh- 
bourhood of Carraig-an-Cobhlaigh (Carrigaholt). Teige 


took away the ship from the crew, and all the valu- 
able things it contained. It was not long afterwards till 
Teige found the profit very trivial and the punishment 
severe. The same Teige took Doonbeg from a Limerick 
merchant who had it in his possession in lieu of debt. Sub- 
sequently, having a quarrel with Daniel O'Brien (afterwards 
the first Viscount Clare), he repaired to the Earl of Des- 
mond for aid. He returned across the Shannon, and in the 
night made an assault upon young O'Brien, at Kilmurry 
Ibrickan. He made a prisoner of the young man, and 
killed many of his people. He then conveyed him to 
Doonbeg castle, but after a week's detention he was set at 
liberty." l 

In a former part of this book, a minute account of raids 
made by the inhabitants of Thomond upon one another is 
given. I allude to the contentions of the time of de Clare. 
In the Annals of the Four Masters, two others of these 
plundering expeditions are described: these we here proceed 
to give, and they will be found highly illustrative of the state 
of things that existed in Ireland under its native rulers. 
Of all the political institutions ever devised by human inge- 
nuity the system of clanship, as it prevailed in Ireland, was 
the best contrived for retarding the progress of civilisation 
and preventing the material prosperity of a people. The 
perpetually recurring practice of the different septs, invad- 
ing the territories of their neighbours, on the slightest 
provocation, and often without any reason at all, acted as 
an effectual bar to the advancement of the inhabitants in 
worldly well-being. No man would build a substantial 
house when he knew, that at any day, it might be burned 
to the ground. No man would sow more corn than would 
suffice for his indispensable wants when he knew, that at 
any time, it might be trampled on, burned, and destroyed. 
War was the occuptation of the people ; the maintenance 

1 Four Masters, a.d. 159S, 1590. Donald O'Brien of Ennistymon, a 
In 1599, died More, daughter of Sir most praiseworthy woman. Idem. 


of a crowd of idle retainers, the business of the chiefs. 
Steady industry or trade was never thought of ; nothing 
was considered but the indulgence of empty pride and 
insolent bullying. Their jealousies prevented the native 
rulers from combining to expel the English. Just at this 
time, the northern lords, O'Neill and O'Donnell, were 
engaged in a deadly struggle against the foreigners, but 
O'Brien, instead of giving his consent to repeated applica- 
tions for aid from Tyrone and Tirconnell, accorded his 
full support to the English. 1 Such conduct excited the 
resentment of Red Hugh O'Donnell, and he determined to 
ravage the country of the Earl of Thomond, in revenge for 
that nobleman's supinencss in the national cause. Accord- 
ingly, at the dawn of day, on a particular morning, in the 
year 1599, his forces arrived at the eastern extremity of 
Coill-o-Flancadha. Here he divided them into marauding 
parties, sending one to Burren, under command of Teige 
O'Rourkeand MacSwcency Banagh, another into Ballyogan 
(Baile-ui-ogan), and Coilmore,' 2 to Tullyodea, and to the 
gate of Bailc-ui-Griobhtha (Ballygriffy). Maguire he des- 
patched, with a strong party to Inchiquin, and he himself, 
with the main body of his followers, marched through 
Rockforest and arrived at Killinaboy about mid-day. 
Those whom he had detached to the south, returned north- 
wards, by Druim Finnglaise (Cregmoher), and Corofin, and 
joined him at Killinaboy. Thither the spoils of all Cineal 
Fearmaic, from Disert to Glancolumbkille, and to Tulach 
Chumain (Tullycommon), and from Cluain Sailchearnaigh 
(Cloonsilhcrny) to Leim-an-eich, were brought to him. 
O'Rourke and MacSweeny were not able to return to him 
that evening with the spoils of Burren, neither did Maguire 
come back, all having pitched their tents where the dark- 

1 Sir furlough O'Brien, of Ennisty- people in assisting the Queen. Four 

mon, hired mercenaries for the Queen, Masters, a.d. 1599. 

ami Daniel, (afterwards the first Vis- - Coilmore comprised Ballyogan, 

count Clare), the younger brother of parish of Dysert, and several of the 

the Earl, took the command of the adjoining tpwnlands. 


ness overtook them. O'Donnell remained that night at 
Killinaboy, and next morning moved on to Kilfenora. 
Thence, he detached parties in all directions around," with 
orders to plunder the country. One of them having gone 
to Eidneach (Inagh), to Brentir of the Fcarmacaigh, to 
Cormacaigh, to the gate of Inis Dimain, (Diman's holme, or 
island), to Cill-Easpug-Flannain (Kilaspuglonane), and to 
Baile Phaidin, (parish of Kilmacreehy), returned to him 
charged with spoil. He remained at Kilfenora till the 
following day, when O'Rourke and MacS weeny Banagh 
came back from Burrin, and Maguire returned from Inchi- 
quin, all loaded with much booty. . Seeing the hills around 
covered with the herds that had been brought in by his 
followers, he gave orders for a retreat homewards. Passing 
by Nua-congobhail, (Noughaval), Turloch-na-gcoi.lean, 
(Turlagh, near the old church of Termon Cronan), the 
monastery of Corcomroe, and Corcair na Cleireac'i, (the 
monk's road), he arrived at Rubha (Curranroo), where he 
stayed for the night. On the morrow, he passed through 
the upper part of Clanrickard, by the gate of Athenry, 
and so to his northern home. In the process of stripping 
the country, the cattle of the learned historian and poet, 
Maoelin Oge MacBrody were carried off. He came to 
O'Donnell to ask them to be restored, and they were imme- 
diately given back to him. He then composed a stanza 
representing that it was in requital of the demolition of 
Grianan Aileach, 1 by Murtagh More, great grandson of 
Brian Boroimhe, in 1101, that God permitted the present 
devastation of Thomond. in accordance with the curse of 
St. Columbkille, upon the O'Briens. 2 

Not content with the injury done to Thomond in 1599, 
as here described, O'Donnell determined again to visit the 

1 See ante, p. 203. Gri.inan Ail- - The Earl of Thomond was at this 

each was the seat of the O'Neills of time a Protestant, and exercising the 

the north. For a lull account of it. bitterness of marshall law against the 

see Ordnance Survey Memoir of the Irish poets. (Note by Dr. O Donovan 

parish of Templemore (Londonderry). in Annals of Four Masters.) 


county and inflict further ruin upon it. The point selected 
this time' for his incursion, was the north-east part of the 
county, and the date of .his coming was the year 1600. At 
the dawn of the morning on a Sunday, he passed through 
Moynoe and Tomgraney, and marching onwards towards 
Ennis, he plundered that town, as well as the country by 
which he travelled. He lay at Ennis that night, and on 
the following morning, imitating his tactics of the previous 
year, he detached parties to ravage the country all round. 
It is needless to say that they faithfully executed the task 
imposed upon them. In the course of that day, they 
traversed, burned, and despoiled the district extending from 
Craig-ui-Chiardhuvain (Crcggy-kerrivan) to Caher Mur- 
chadha (Cahermurphy), to Kilmurry Ibrickan, to Caherrush 
(CathairRuis),to Magh, (Moy near Lahinch),to Baile-Eoin- 
Gabhan (Smithstown), and to Both Neill. " Many a feast, 
fit for the lord of a territory, was enjoyed throughout 
Thomond, that night, by parties of four or five men, under 
shelter of a shrubbery or beside a bush." On the following 
morning, O'Donnell set out for home, and reached Cor- 
comroe Abbey that afternoon, with his spoils. That no 
time should be wasted, he employed the remainder of the 
evening, until night-fall, in stripping the country surround- 
ing the monastery of its flocks and herds, and burning 
houses, " so that no habitation or mansion worthy of note 
was left which he did not burn and totally destroy. All 
the country behind and around them was enveloped in 
smoke, so that the vastness of the dark cloud of vapour 
was enough to set them astray in their course. On the 
following day, they pursued their way through Corcair, and 
halted at night at Clarinbridge. Here they divided the 
spoils of the Thomanians, and finally marched northwards 
through Connaught." l 

In the first week of March, 1599, Sir Conyers Clifford, 

1 The subjoined events are also re- a.d. 1600. The Lady Honora, 

corded by the Four Masters as having daughter of Conor, Earl of Thomond, 
happened about this time : and wife of MacMaurice, Earl of Des- 


Governor of Connaught, sent from Gahvay to Clare, eight 
companies of soldiers, under command of Theobald Dillon, 
Captain Lester, and Richard Scurlock the Sheriff of Clare, 
with instructions that they should put themselves under 
the authority of Sir Turlogh O'Brien of Ennistymon. Teigc 
O'Brien, brother of the Earl of Thomond, had been always 
rebellious against the English, and he determined to oppose 
the entry of these troops into the county. For that purpose, 
he placed himself in ambush, in the woods of Rockforcst, 
and as Dillon and his party, on the following day, were 
marching from Cil-Cacide (Kilkeedy), through Bealach- 
an-Fhiodhfhail, he attacked and slew many of them. On 
his own side, several persons lost their lives, one only of 
these being of distinction, namely, Dermot Roe, brother of 
Turlogh O'Brien of Caherminane. Finding however, that 
his opposition to the invaders was entirely unavailing, 
he made his peace with Dillon, and dismissed his followers 
to their homes. On the day following, the English repaired 
to Ennistymon, and placed themselves under command of 
Sir Turlogh O'Brien. 1 Thence they proceeded to Caher- 
minane, described by the Four Masters as a castle inhabited 
by a number of plunderers, where the spoil of the surround- 
ing country was brought to the owner, always opposed to 
the rule of the strangers. The castle had to be rendered 
to them. They subsequently departed for West Corca- 
baskin, to coerce Teige Caech MacMahon who, it appears, 
had broken out into revolt. After plundering his country, 
they marched through East Corcabaskin to Ennis, and 
there, for fifteen days, they held an Assizes which was 
attended by most of the principal gentry of the county. 

mond, fled from her husband and Corofin), and was buried in the mon- 

came to her native county. She astery of Ennis. 

afterwards died at Dangan Mac- MaeNamara Finn, i.e.. John, son of 

Mahon (near Killadysert), and was Teige, son of Cuvea, died on the 24th 

buried in Ennis abbey. of February, and his son Donald took 

A.D. 1601. Conor, son of Murtagh his place. 

Can - , son of Brian, son of Teigc 1 Annals of Four Masters, A.D. 

O'Brien, died at Craig Corcrain (near 1599. 


At these Assizes, a renewed promise was obtained, that the 
Crown rent should be punctually paid in future ; and it was 
settled that four companies of soldiers should remain, and a 
sheriff and sub-sheriff be appointed to preserve the public 

Sir Turlogh O'Brien. — As this is the last time 
mention is made of this gentleman, I subjoin a sonnet 
attributed to him, by an arionymous writer in the Dublin 
Penny Journal, vol. iv., p. 1 04. Several others of the 
O'Briens, bore the name of Turlogh, at the date of the poem 
(1593), but it is questionable if any one of the family, 
except, perhaps, the Earl of Thomond, possessed enough 
English to enable them to write a line in that language. 1 

" I vvoulde that I were 

A voiceless sighe, 

Floating through ayre 

* * * • 

Unperceived I would steale o"er thy cheeks of downe 

And kisse thy soft lippes unchecked by a frow ne. 

I would that I were 

A dying tone, 

To dwelle on thine eare 

Though the music were gone ; 

I would charm thy heart with my latest breathe, 

And yield thee pleasure e'en in my deathe. 

I would I might passe from this living tombe, 
Into the violet's sweetest perfume ; 
On the wings of the morning to thee would I fly, 
And mingle my soule with thy sweetest sighe. 

My hearte is bounde 

With a viewless chayne, 
I see no wounde, 

But I feel its payne. 

Break my prison and set me free, 

Bondage, though sweete, has no charme for me. 

Vet now e'en in fetters my fond hearte will dwelle 

Since thy shaddowe floats o'er it and hallowes my celle."' 

Donogh Earl of Thomond, who had been for a year in 

1 Mr John Davis, however, says as the people of Limerick ana Cork. 

that many of the people of Clare Calendar of State Papers, May 1 000. 
spoke good Engli:,h in his time, and Sir Turlogh of Ennistymon and 

that tile chiefs ''appeared in civil Dough was married to Annabella, 

habit and fashion." but that the com- daughter of Sir Henry Lynch ot Gal- 

mon people were not so " reformed " way. Archdall, vol. ii., p. 26. 


England, and on his way home, had remained for some 
months with the Earl of Ormond, appears to have been 
indignant, that his youngest brother Daniel should, like a 
common malefactor, be cast into a prison at Doonbeg. 
When he came to Clare he summoned his retainers to his 
assistance to chastise Teige Caech MacMahon's presump- 
tion. In April, 1599, he approached and laid siege to that 
chieftain's castle of Carrigaholt. It was surrendered in the 
course of four days. Doonbeg, another stronghold of 
Teige's, yet remained to be taken. In order to reduce it 
the Earl sent for cannon from Limerick. The defenders 
did not wait for a shot to be fired ; they surrendered the 
castle at discretion. He gave them no quarter, and had 
them hung in couples, face to face. The neighbouring 
castle of Dunmore-mic-an-Fermacaigh was at once handed 
over to him. During his stay in the west country, his camp 
was filled with food and cattle from the surrounding district, 
extending from Cnoc-Daire, (Knockerry), to Leim-Conchu- 
lain, (Loop head). 1 Teige Caech fled from the Earl's wrath 
and took refuge in Bcrehaven, with O'Sullivan. That chief- 
tain, having occasion for a ship to send to Spain for reinforce- 
ments to help him against the English, applied to Teige 
Caech for a loan of the vessel he had seized two years 
previously. The request was refused, and Teige sent his 
son Turlogh, with some men, on board to defend his vessel. 
O'Sullivan determined to seize her by force, and approached 
her in a boat, having Teige in his company, for some strange 
reason not explained. As they came near, Teige called out 
to his son and to his crew to fire. They did fire accord- 
ingly, and Teige received a bullet in his breast, shot by 
Turlogh. He lived only for eight days after, and the 
young man, struck with remorse, fled to Spain. 2 He was 
declared an outlaw, and his estates reverting to the Earl of 
Thomond, as Lord Paramount, were given to Sir; Daniel 
O'Brien of Dough, who subsequently became Viscount 

1 Annuls of Four Masters, a.d. 1599. - Lodge's Peerage, 


England, and on his way home, had remained for some 
months with the Earl of Ormond, appears to have been 
indignant, that his youngest brother Daniel should, like a 
common malefactor, be cast into a prison at Doonbeg. 
When he came to Clare he summoned his retainers to his 
assistance to chastise Teige Caech MacMahon's presump- 
tion. In April, 1599, he approached and laid siege to that 
chieftain's castle of Carrigaholt. It was surrendered in the 
course of four days. Doonbeg, another stronghold of 
Teige's, yet remained to be taken. In order to reduce it 
the Earl sent for cannon from Limerick. The defenders 
did not wait for a shot to be fired ; they surrendered the 
castle at discretion. He gave them no quarter, and had 
them hung in couples, face to face. The neighbouring 
castle of Dunmore-mic-an-Fermacaigh was at once handed 
over to him. During his stay in the west country, his camp 
was filled with food and cattle from the surrounding district, 
extending from Cnoc-Daire, (Knockerry), to Leim-Conchu- 
lain, (Loop head). 1 Teige Caech fled from the Earl's wrath 
and took refuge in Bcrehaven, with O'Sullivan. That chief- 
tain, having occasion for a ship to send to Spain for reinforce- 
ments to help him against the English, applied to Teige 
Caech for a loan of the vessel he had seized two years 
previously. The request was refused, and Teige sent his 
son Turlogh, with some men, on board to defend his vessel. 
O'Sullivan determined to seize her by force, and approached 
her in a boat, having Teige in his company, for some strange 
reason not explained. As they came near, Teige called out 
to his son and to his crew to fire. They did fire accord- 
ingly, and Teige received a bullet in his breast, shot by 
Turlogh. He lived only for eight days after, and the 
young man, struck with remorse, fled to Spain.' 2 He was 
declared an outlaw, and his estates reverting to the Earl of 
Thomond, as Lord Paramount, were given to Sir Daniel 
O'Brien of Dough, who subsequently became Viscount 

1 Annals of Four Masters, A.D. 1599. - Lodge's Peerage. 


Clare. Thus ended the MacMahons, Lords of West Corca- 
baskin. 1 In the Annals of the Four Masters, the character of 
Teio-e is given in very flattering terms. He is described as 
a man qualified, in every respect, to rule over any district in 
the country; that he was bounteous, and a purchaser of 
wine, horses, and literary works. 

After the flight of Tcige Caech's son, the Earl of 
Thomond exhibited the greatest activity in his support of 
English authority. During his absence in England, several 
castles and lands had been forcibly taken from those who 
were owners, by virtue of English law. These he restored 
to the proper legal inheritors. Among them is enumerated 
Doire Eoghain (Derryowen), Clooney, and Lisofin (Lis- 
Aodh-Finn, so called from Aodh Finn the ancestor of the 
MacNamara Finn). On the 15th of August, 1599, he was 
appointed Governor-General of Clare, and in that capacity 
he co-operated with the Earl of Essex in an invasion of the 
county of Limerick. He joined the Earl of Ormond in the 
following year in harassing Hugh O'Neill's retreat towards 
the north. They pillaged the country of the White Knight, 
and thence proceeded, by way of Kilkenny, to Dublin, 
there to pay their respects to Lord Mountjoy, the newly- 
appointed Lord Deputy. From Dublin they accompanied 
Sir George Carew in making a circuit of his province of 
Munster. After visiting, in succession, Kilkenny, Water- 
ford, Cork, and Limerick, they, in the beginning of July, 
set out from Limerick with a large muster of soldiers, and 
marching along the county of Clare, on the north side of 
the Shannon, reached Baile-vic-Colmain (Colemanstown). 
There they crossed the river to Cloch-Gleanna (Glin Castle), 
owned by the Knight of Glin, and laid siege to that strong- 
hold. It was surrendered in two days. After its capture 
they overran the county of Kerry. Then, returning to 
Limerick, they received the submission of many of the 
followers of the Earl of Desmond. 2 

1 Four Masters, a.d. 1601— Clare Inquisitions, Sept. Ilth, 1C2-. 
• Annals of the Four Masters a.d. 1599-1600. 


In 1601, Redmond Burke raised a company of hired 
freebooters to invade Thomond. They pitched their camp 
on the eastern side of Lough Cutra. Here they were 
joined by Teige, the son of Sir Turlogh O'Brien of Ennis- 
tymon. Thus reinforced, they went along by the mountain 
of Echtghe, through Ui Donghaile, and Ui Caisin till they 
arrived at Ballyallia and the neighbourhood of Clonroad. 
After stripping that district of its cattle, they returned, the 
same evening, to Cill Reachtais (Kilraghtis). Early the 
following morning, on the way to Connaught, they were 
overtaken by the MacXamaras of Clan Culein, and by the 
retainers of the Earl of Thomond. A running fight ensued 
and several of both sides were killed. The skirmish lasted 
from Kilraghtis to Miluic-ui-Grada, at the east of Cineal 
Donehaile. Amonsr the slain was Teig-e O'Brien. 


An Assizes was held at Ennis, in February 1601, by the 
Earl of Thomond, in virtue of his office of Governor of the 
County. To prove his zeal for the cause of the foreigner, 
he hanged sixteen malefactors. Immediately aftewards he 
went to England, accompanied by his brother Daniel, and 
remained there for some months. By order of the Queen, 
he returned home, to oppose the Spaniards who had landed 
at Kinsale. He lost no time in collecting ships, arms, men, 
and stores. Arriving with his fleet at Kinsale, he united his 
forces, numbering four thousand men, to those of the 
Lord Deputy. The combined armies attacked and wholly 
routed the Spaniards and their Irish supporters, and 
Thomond returned in triumph to his own country. There, 
he found that, during his absence in England and at Kinsale, 
disaffection and disturbance had prevailed. Turlogh 
O'Brien of Derryowen, and Conor O'Brien of Castletown, 


were at the head of the malcontents. They were soon 
compelled to surrender their castles, and were given only a 
fortnight to quit the country and live in exile. At some 
future time they might hope to be restored to their homes 
by the Lord Deputy and Council. They crossed the 
Shannon at Killaloe, but no sooner had they set their foot 
upon the other side, than their kinsmen, the O'Briens of 
Ara, made them prisoners and brought them back to the 
Earl at Killaloe. He ordered them to be hanged face to 
face on the nearest trees. The principal men of the party, 
thus summarily disposed of, were Conor, the son of Donald, 
son of Mahonc O'Brien ; Brian Ballagh (the freckled), son of 
Mahone ; and Teige Ultagh (of Ballymulcashcll), the son of 
Mahone O'Brien. Turlogh alone escaped, having fled for 
shelter to the woods. After this, the Earl repaired to Cork, 
on the invitation of the Lord Deputy, to render his aid in 
the subjugation of the O'Sullivans of Berchavcn. 1 

From the year 1601, at which year the last record 
touching the county is found in the Annals of the Four 
Masters, till the year 1641, the general history of Clare is 
almost a blank. We know that Stafford attempted to 
establish the right of the king to the absolute ownership of 
the soil of the county, and succeeded in that effort, but that 
before he could follow up his design of ejecting the owners, 
he was brought to the scaffold. His mode of proceeding 
against them was as iniquitous as it was ingenious. When, in 
1585, the principal men of the county entered into the 
Composition Deed with Sir John Perrott, and surrendered 
their lands to the Crown, they neglected to enrol their 
surrenders and sue out letters patent. Their omission 
proceeded from utter ignorance of English law. Sub- 
sequently, the defect was remedied, and patents were granted 
to the holders, but although these patents received the great 
seal, they were never enrolled in Chancery. The neglect ot 
the officers of the Court to comply with a form so essential 

1 Annals oj the Four Masters a.p. 1601. 


must have been deliberate, because a sum of three thousand 


pounds had been sent to Dublin to pay the cost. Stafford 
availed himself of the flaw thus created in the title to con- 
fiscate to the Crown every acre belonging to the principal 
landowners of the county. It was intended that the Earl 
of Thomond and his brother. Sir Daniel O'Brien of Dough, 
should be exempted from this piece of wholesale robbery. 
They had become Protestants ; they had yielded complete 
submission to the English ; they had given their aid against 
the Irish at Kinsale and elsewhere ; they had been rewarded 
with lands in addition to their previous large possessions, 
Sir Daniel having got the enormous estate of Teige Caech 
MacMahon of Carrigaholt ; and they, to show their gratitude 
to their masters, invited Protestants from England and 
settled them upon their estates in various parts of the 
county. 1 


1 Stafiord Correspondence— passim. 




IN the interval of the first forty years of the seventeenth 
century, we shall best supply the history of Clare by giving 
the Inquisitions taken during that time. These Inquiries 
are thus explained : To enable the English conquerors to 
levy the Crown rents upon the parties properly liable for 
payment, they made use of Commissioners, whose business 
it was to visit the country, from time to time, and with the 
aid of a jury of natives, to inquire into the changes made by 
death in the ownership of property. In the form of a short 
abstract of each, in Latin, these Inquisitions, as they were 
called, have been preserved, and we give them here as 
translated from the original rolls in the Irish Record Office, 
Dublin. The spelling is so incorrect, that it is sometimes 
impossible to make out the places referred to, as they are 
known in our time. 

1585. Aug. nth. — Inquisition, taken at Ennis, before Sir 
Richard Bingham, Sir Nicholas White, and others, and 
before the following jury : — William Neylan of Cloghauny- 
nyenth ; Edmond MacSweeney of Ballyvraslan, gent. ; 
Cosney MacClancy of Cahermaclancy, gent. ; Ollinev 
(Gillananeave) O'Davoren of Lissylisheen, gent. ; Teige 
MacLysaght of Pouliskaboy ; Thady Reddan of Dromny- 

rhyc ; Donogh MacGillareagh of ; Teige MacRory 

(MacBrody ?) of Littermaoelin, gent. ; Maoelin MacBrody 
of the Cungcnagh, gent.; Nicholas MacMahon of Kilrush, 
or Killenshe ; Gillabrida MacBrody of Kilkeedy ; Daniel 
O'Shanna of Ballyshanny ; Mahone MacNamara of Moog- 
hane ; Murtogh Cam MacMahon of Doonagurroge ; Mahone 
MacDonogh MacMahon ot Knockalough ; — The jury find 


that Thomond consisted of nine baronies, and that Termon 
Tulla belongs to the Queen. 

1 577. Nov. 22. — Inqusition, taken at Knockencgan, 
before John Crofton, General Escheator, and a jury duly 
sworn, finds that JOHN MACNAMARA of MONTALLON 
died on the 16th of January, 1570, seized in fee of four 
stone castles (castri), and the lands following, viz. : — 
Montallon, Clooncool, Liscullane, Doon, Coolagh, Bally- 
na-cleithe (Hurdlestown), Castle-an-logha, Cahcrhurly, 
Cloongaheen, Killuran, Coolready, and Drummod ; that 
he holds these by letters patent of Henry VIII. to his 
father Tcige MacXamara ; that John MacXamara is the 
son of said John ; that he was six years old at the time of the 
death of his father; that Finola O'Malryber (O'Mulryan?) is 
his widow ; that she now holds Montallon as her jointure ; 
that Sheeda Maccon MacXamara, a relative of said John, 
holds the remaining denominations, but by what title is 
not known to the Inquisitors ; that the Earl of Thomond 
and Captain MacXamara receive some rents from these 
lands, but by what right is not known. 1 

1578. July 20th. — Inquisition, taken at Ennis, before 
Edward White 2 and a jury, finds that Teige O'Brien, son 
of Murrogh, late of S.MITHSTOWN, died on the 12th of 
December, 1577, being the owner in fee of the castle and 
town of Smithstown, of a water mill adjoining, of the 
hamlet of Boneill and of Anaghin ; that Turlogh O'Brien 
is his son and heir, and that More ny Brien is his widow. 

1578. July 31st. — Inquisition, taken at Ouin, before 
Nicholas Finn, deputy of John Crofton, and a jury, 
finds that Edmund O'Bradie of Tomgraney, died on 
the 27th of December, 1567, seized of Tomgraney. 
Feenagh, Killuchullumorc, Scanboicronan, Killokind, . 
Cloom, Kilchonebrain, Knock, near the village of Kiltulla, 

1 These arc obviously the rents pay- -Edward White was Clerk of the 

able to the Earl of Thomond and to Council of the Province of Connaught, 
MacNamara Rcairh, as chiefs. in which Thomond was then included. 


with mills and church presentations, these lands having 
been granted to his father Donogh, by Henry VIII., on 
the 5th of January, in the 35th year of his reign ; finds 
that said Edmond died without leaving male issue, and 
that his brother Donald O'Brady, now aged 38 years, and 
married, is his heir. 

Inquisition, taken at Ennis, on the 16th of May, 21st 
year of Elizabeth, before John Crofton, finds that John 
M'lNERNEY, late of BALLYKILTV, died on the 5th of 
November, 1565, seized in fee of Ballysallagh and Bally- 
kilty ; that Mahone M'Inerncy, aged 17, at his father's 
death, is the son and heir of said John ; finds that Mahone, 
son of Loghlen, and Mahone's son, Loghlcn the younger, 
both relations of John, had laid claim to his lands and 
appropriated them to their own use for thirteen years past. 

Inquisition, taken at Windmill, on the 26th of July, 
1580, before Thomas Arthur, deputy of John Crofton, 
Escheator, finds that Francis Agard, late of Grange- 
GORMAN, Esquire, was, at his death, on the nth October, 
in the 20th year of the Queen, owner of Tomgrancy and 
Scariff, together with twenty-one quarters of land in the 
vicinity of these towns, and that he was succeeded by his 
three daughters, Mabel, Cecilia, and Mary. 1 

Inquisition, taken at Dromoland, on the 6th of Decem- 
ber, 1580, before Nathaniel Smyth, deputy of John Crofton, 
finds that DONOGH, commonly called DONOGH MAC- 
Murrogh O'Brien, late of Dromoland, was taken in 
rebellion against the Queen, and executed, on the 6th of 
September, 1582, being then owner of the castle and lands 
of Dromoland, of the ruined castle of Ballyconneely, and 
eight quarters of land, now wasted, adjoining said castle, 
namely the quarter of Dromoland, of Ballyconoblin, Bally- 
girrecn, Lattoon, Rathfolanc, and Lytlcrayne ; of the castle 
and lands of Lcamaneigh, consisting of three quarters, now 

1 Agard must have been owner of Dublin, and the Latin epitaph states 
these lands in the character of a movt- tint he wrn " Primarius regionum 
gage, His tomb is in Christ Church, O'LJrien ct O'Tola." 


wasted ; of the castle of Ballygriffy and four cottages 
adjoining ; of the monastery of Corcomroe, valued at forty 
shillings ; finds that the lands of Donogh were forfeited to 
the Queen by reason of his rebellion. 

Inquisition, taken at Ennis, on the 16th of January, 1585, 
before George Bingham, finds that Turlogii O'Brien of 
BALLYGOWN (Smithstown), died on the 12th of July, 15S4, 
being owner of the castle, fort, town, and lands of Bally- 
gown ; of the monastery of Kilshanny, together with all its 
tithe, and its five quarters of lands ; of the castle and town 
of Boneill with its lands ; of Ballyvaghan castle and lands ; 
of Ballycasheen ; of nine quarters of land near the town of 
O'Brien's Bridge ; of Carrownacloghy, Gurtincraghin, Lis- 
lano, and Ballyvechallobeg ; finds that the three sisters of 
the said Turlogh, viz., Honoria, Slaney, and Aney are his 
co-heiresses ; the eldest, Honoria, being now fifteen, Slaney 
ten, and Aney seven years of age ; finds that they are under 
the guardianship of their mother More. 

Inquisition, taken at Leaghfynin, near Derryowen, on the 
8th of August 1586, before John Crofton, finds that in 
March 1585, Mahone Mac An Aspig O'Brien, late of 
CLONDOWAN, was killed at the siege of his castle of Clon- 
dowan, by the shot of a cannon, discharged by order of Sir 
Richard Bingham, 1 O'Brien being then in rebellion against 
the Queen ; finds that he was owner of the castle of Clon- 
dowan, since demolished, with two quarters of land adjoin- 
ing, one called Clondowan, the other Carrow-mac-Shaned ; 
of the site of a ruined castle named Moneygippaun, with 
two quarters of land lying contiguous ; of the ruined castle 
of Kilkeedy with its two and a half quarters, and a half- 
quarter called Carrow-an-poul-ke, and Carrow Geleissal 
Killean ; of a quarter called Kilcoroghfin, of Drumnadeevna, 
Carrow Dowesse, Killourney, Cloonsilherney, the island of 
Manahowe : finds that by the composition deed, entered 
into between the Queen and County, it was settled that the 

1 See ante, page 251. 


said Mahone O'Brien and his heirs should enjoy the owner- 
ship of six quarters of land free from Crown or other rents; 
finds that Mahone was owner of the Rectory and Vicarage 
of the parish of Kyllvlanchy (Coill-o-Flanchada), with 
the tithe thereof, except of the townlands of Monreagh 
and Carrownagowl, which he held from the sec of Killa- 
loc ; finds that all these lands were uncultivated and 
waste, except four acres planted with wheat and oats ; 
finds that the Governor of Connaught, to wit, Sir Rich- 
ard Bingham, gave this cultivated land to one Roger 
Bungar for a sum of money ; finds that the cattle of George 
Cusack of Derryowcn, and of James Darcy of Galway, 
had been pastured on O'Brien's lands ; finds that Turlogh 
O'Brien, now aged fourteen years, is the eldest son, and 
would be the heir of Mahone, only that his father was 
killed in rebellion, and his lands confiscated. Another 
Inquisition, taken on the 24th of May 1592,- finds that 
Mahone was owner of the following lands in addition to 
those above recited : — Boulevin, Tulla, Killeenmaccooga, 
Derrynethloghtan, Poulataggle, all of which were unjustly 
kept from the Queen by Daniel O'Brien of Bcalnafirvarna. 
Inquisition, taken at Ennis Abbey, on the 14th of January, 
1589, before John Crofton, finds that Hugh MACCLANCY, 
late of TOOMULLIN, died on the 5th of October, 1579, 
being the owner in fee of the castle of Toomullin, and of 
certain lands which he rented from the Bishop of Killaloe ; 
of Killilagh, Cahergaltyre, of the town of Cromlyn and 
of Knockane, situate contiguous to it; of Ballyelaghy, 
Dcrryns, and Ballycahan, all held in fee simple from the 
Queen ; finds that HONORIA was the widow of the said 
Hugh, and that BOETIUS was his son and heir ; that said 
Boctius was of full age and married at the time of his 
death, and that he subsequently, to wit, on the 14th of 
Oct. >bcr, 1 5 So, died, being the owner of the castle and lands 
of Knockfynn and of the neighbouring lands of Ballyvoe, . 
Ballycahan, Ballynahown, Doonagore, Corraimulcaragh, 


and Ballydushcen, in Burren ; and of Ballyivryn, also 

in that barony; finds that the said Boctius occupied the 

castle of Knockfinn, and the lands here enumerated, as chief 

of his name, and held them from the Queen in capite; finds 

that BOETIUS MACCLANCY JUNIOR, his nephew, and the ; 

grandson of Hugh, above-mentioned, was his heir-at-law, 

and was of full age and married at the time of the death of 

his uncle. 

Inquisition, taken at the Monastery of Ennis, on the 14th 
of January, in the . . . th year of the Queen, before John 
Crofton, finds that Flan NEYLAN, late of KlLNACALLY, died 
on the 1 8th of November, 1580, being then owner of Kilna- 
cally, Shanavogh, Killeko, Ballinknock, Maghery near 
Gilteboy, Rusheen, Tullabeg, Tullamore, Rathkerry, and 
Islangar ; finds that NICHOLAS NEYLAN,his eldest son and 
heir, was married and of full age. 

Inquisition, taken at the Abbey of Ennis, on the 14th 
of January, 1589, before John Crofton, Esquire, finds that 
William NEYLAN, late of Ballymacahill, died on the 2nd 1 

of April, 1588, seized in fee simple of the hamlet of Bally- 
vickahyl, and of the lands of Knockogan and Cappagh ; 
finds that JOHN NEYLAN, now aged 26, is the son and heir 
of WILLIAM; and that his widow, named Slaney Mulconry, 
survives, and is, entitled to her dower out of these lands. 

Inquisition, taken at Ennis Abbey, on the same day, 
finds that Sir Daniel O'BRIEN, Knt., late of Ennis- 
TYMON, died on the 10th of October, 1579, being owner of 
the following denominations, viz. : Ennistymon, Liscannor, 
Dromore, Dromfinglas (Cregmoher), Ballytumulty, Bally- 
macdonellbane, Ballynacarragh, Ballingaddyeragh, Clogh- 
aunadine, Caneyellagh, Ballyvorda, Ballysteene, Ballyro- 
chan; one moiety of the tithe of Clare Abbey; a certain 
tribute called O'Brien's rent, amounting to £22 a year, and 
payable out of part of Corcomroe ; another sum of ,£10 per 
annum, formerly payable to the O'Connor out of another 
part of Corcomroe; both of which rents, however, having 


been extinguished by the Deed of Composition of the 
Queen with the people of Thomond ; finds that Sir Turlogh, 
the present owner, has a rent of £25, i.e., five shillings per 
quarter, per annum, payable out of one hundred quarters of 
the lands of the aforesaid barony ; finds that Sir Turlogh 
assigned to his brother, Murtagh O'Brien, of Tullagh, the 
lands of Ballymacdonnell, and Ballyhamulta, and to his 
brother Conor, the castle and lands of Dromore, and the 
hinds of Ballynacarhagh, and Ballyroghan ; finds that 
" rlores sere filii Caroli als Cahall McMoriertagh" claims 
the two quarters of Ballynacarragh as his by right of suc- 
cession. 1 

Inquisition, taken at Ennis, on the 30th of March, 1591, 
by Martin Forsbroke, as Deputy, finds that GlLLADUFF, 
SON OF Teige MacXamara, late of Tvredagh, died on 
the 14th of February, 1 591, seized of the castle and lands of 
Tvredagh; finds that Teige Mac Gilladuff junior, being of 
full age at the time of his father's death, is the heir-at-law. 

Inquisition, taken at Ennis, on the 31st of March, 1592, 
before Martin Forsbroke, finds that DONALD REAGH, 
otherwise called the MACNAMARA REAGII, of Ferty (For- 
tane), died on the 13th of February, 1591, being owner of 
the following : — one-half of the town and lands of Dangan, 
of the castle and lands of Ferty, of Rath, Rosslara, Riagh- 
carrowbeg, Ballywaryn, Feakle, Leighlaigkerreardu, Killin- 
gurtin, Pallis, Ranygin, Caher, Leaghort, Core, Shamber- 
bykwin, Corleabeg, and one-half of Owyn; finds that Donald 
Oge MacXamara, whose age at his father's death was 
twelve, is the heir to these lands. 

Inquisition, taken at Ennis, on the 24th day of May, 
[592, before Richard Boyle, deputy of Nicholas Kenny, 
finds that Donogii Beg O'Brien, being owner of Drom- 
F I NG Lass castle, with the adjoining two quarters of waste 
and rocky land, went into rebellion with Gerald, Earl of 
Desmund, and having been taken, was executed by marshal 

1 I cannot understand what flores sere mean:.. 



law. His lands were consequently forfeited to the Crown, 
by the Act of Parliament of the 1 6th April, 28th year of 
the Queen. 

Inquisition, taken at Ennis, on the same day, finds, 
thatTURLOGH O'BRIEN, of FONIRE, was taken in rebellion 
and executed ; finds that he was owner of Shallce castle 
and lands, and of Doonymulvihill castle, now unroofed, and 
that all his property was forfeited to the Queen on account 
of his rebellion. 

Inquisition, taken at Ennis, on the 3rd of July, 1592, 
before William Mostyn, Esquire, Sheriff of Clare, finds that, 
amongst other lands, Sir Turlogh O'Brien OF Ennisty- 
MON, during the time he resided in England, was seized of 
the following denominations, viz. : — the castle of Ballygriffy 
and its appurtenances, namely. Ballygriffy, Carnknock, 
Cloonigallon, and Carrownakilla. 

Inquisition, taken at Ennis, on the 23rd of October, 
1593, before Richard Boyle, gentleman, finds that TURLOGH, 
son of Donogh O'Brien, of Ballyportrey, died on the 
31st of August 1570, being then owner of Ballyportrey, 
Magheramacage, Carrowremaghlin, Foilrim, Garvillaun, 
Tiremoyleven, Carrowlehardan, Lisduff, Magherakarney ; 
finds that Conor O'Brien is the son and heir of Turlogh, 
and that he was of full age on the day of the death of his 

Inquisition, taken at Ennis, on the 2nd of June, 1595, 
before Richard Boyle, deputy, finds that PATRICK Morgan, 
late of ENAGH, died on the 17th of November 1594, being 
the owner of Enagh O'Flynn, Teeronee, Clonbrowir, Boy- 
nack, Killanena, Enagh Teige MacSheeda, Knock . . . , 

Clashduff, Snatty, and ; finds that Thomas 

Morgan is the son and heir of said Patrick, and was a 
minor when he succeeded to the estate. 

Inquisition, taken at Ennis, on the 7th of August, 1596, 
before Thomas Dillon, Chief Justice, finds that MURTAGH 
O'BRIEN, late of TULLA, died on the 31st of August, 1593, 


leaving his widow, Maria Ffrench, and an eldest son, 
Murrogh, his heir, whose age at his father's death was eight 
years ; finds that the following lands belonged to Murta^h- 
Tullagh, Ballymacdonnell-ban, Ballyhoomulta, and Clonv- 
molloyne; finds that said Murtagh conveyed these lands 
in trust to one Peter Ledwich, of Leackyn, county West- 
mcath, and to George Ffrench of Galway. 

Inquisition, taken at Ennis, on the 28th of May, 1599, 
before Edward Crofton, finds that DONOGII, son of Mur- 
rogh O'Brien, of Dromoland, was attainted of high 
treason and executed ; finds that on the day of his dearth 
he was owner of Dromen, which lands were forfeited by 
his treason, but are, at the time of this Inquisition, in the 
possession of one Conor Duff O'Dca; finds that he was 
owner also of Drominalary, part of Inrinao-h. 

Inquisition, taken at Ennis, on the 4th of June, in the 
. . th year of the reign of Elizabeth, finds that after MuRROGH 
O'Brien's (the Tanist) return from England, he divided 

his estates between his three sons as here described : To 

Dermot, Baron of Inchiquin, his eldest son, he gave 
the lands of Inchiquin, Derryowen, O'Brien's-bridge, Bally- 
carroll, Ballyharaghan, and part of the lands belonging to 
the suppressed monastery of Kilshanny ; to Teige, his 
second son, he gave Ballinagown (Smithstown), Bally- 
veaghan, Boneill, Tromroe, and other parts of the church 
lands of Kilshanny ; to Donogh, his third son, Leamaneh, 
Dromoland, Ballyconneely, Cowillreough, Clonemonhyl, 
and the lands belonging to the abbey of Corcomroe. The 
same Inquisition finds that Margaret Cusack, the widow of 
the late Baron, is now married to Christopher Cruise of the 
N'aul, in the county of Meath ; finds that Teige O'Brien of 
Smithstown died on the 2Sth day of December, in the 20th 
year of the Queen, at Inchiquin, leaving issue Turlogh 
O'Brien, and leaving a widow Honoria O'Brien ; finds that 
Donogh, of Dromoland, was attainted of treason, on the 
28th of September, 24th of the Queen ; finds that the afore- 


said Donogh, Teigc O'Brien of Leimaneh, and Donogh Duff 
MacConsidine of Ballyharahan, had bound themselves by- 
bond, entered into before John Gough, the Mayor of Dublin, 
to repay to Roger Poope and John Sc . . . in of Grangc- 
gorman, the sum of £50. The same Inquisition finds that 
TURLOGH, SON OF DONOGH O'Brien, was attainted of 
felony before a Commission, held at Gahvay, on the 22nd 
of May, in the 23rd year of Elizabeth, and that, at the 
time of his attainder, he was owner of these lands, viz. : — 
Shomley(?), Shallee, Doonymulvihill, and Danganbrack. 




INQUISITION, taken at Ennis, on the 21st March, 1604, 
before Nicholas Kenny, Esq., finds that the Right Rev. 
Father, DANIEL NEYLAN, late bishop of Kildare, died at 
Dysert, on the 10th of June, 1603, leaving William Neylan 
his son and heir, then aged 13 yeans. The bishop, at his 
death, was owner in fee of the following lands, viz. : — 
Turlogh, Deelin, Ballylennan, Muckinishnoe, Ballymichell, 
Aghinish, Ballyalliban, Lissylishccn, Dangan, Poulbane, 
Crughvill, Owelaymoic, Booltiabrack, Tarmonbeg, all in 
the barony of Greggans (Burren) ; Dysert, in the barony of 
Tullagh O'Dea(Inchiquin); Towanlcgchee, Glcnnaghteragh, 
Cruyt, Clontoohill, Kilmacklin, Cahercornan, the two Inch- 
acorkas, Ballycullinanemore, Rathhearalla, Moyhullin, 
Dromcurreen, Cottin, Coolshengane, Cloonbeg, Bealickania, 
Ballyduffmore, a water-mill on the river Rothwell and its 
castle, all of these being in the same barony of Tullagh 
O'Dea ; of Ballagh, Carrowreagh, Kiltoraghta, Laghvally- 
clinraghe, Ballyculleeny, Townmouda, Knocknaskagh, 
Cahersherkin, Caherinderry, (of which one half quarter 
belongs to one Flan O'Neylan, fitz David, servant and 
nephew of the bishop); of Knockanemore, Inclaghmor, 
Ballyclancahill, and Ballmacarragh, in the barony of Cor- 
comroe, otherwise Dough-i-Conocher. 1 

1 Right Rev. Daniel Neylan. — His obtained from the Queen, on the 23rd 
widow, Lliis Lynch, married Roger of September, 159S, the rectory and 
< » >h.ui£hnessy, of Gort. He was of vicarage of Carron, Co. Clare, 
the Clue Neylans, and apostatised [Ware's Bishops, p. 392.! In the 
from the religion of his fathers. He transcript from the book of Bis- 
was rector of the parish of Kilrush, tributions, given in this work, will lie 
ami from thence was promoted, by the found the name of his son as owner, 
Queen's letter, of the 3rd of July, in 1641, of many denominations in 
15S3, to the bishopric of Kildare. Burren and Corcomroe. 
•Owing to the poverty of his See, he 


By an Inquisition, taken at Corofin, in 1620, before Sir 
Roland de la Hoyde, it was found that the following 
persons were possessed neither of property, lands, nor cattle : 
Donogh O'Brien of Ballingaddy, Constance O'Davoren of 
Ballyalliban, Christopher Banks, Christopher Creagh of 
Limerick, Rory McMahon of Coolenusty, and Richard 
Bendle of Lissofin. 

Inquisition, taken at Ennis, on the 15th of May, idef, 
before Nicholas Kenny, finds that Henry VIII., being 
possessed in right of the Crown, of various lands, church 
property, and tithes, which are enumerated in the original 
Inquisition did, by patent, dated at Greenwich, 1st July. 
35th year of his reign, grant these to Murrogh, then Earl 
of Thomond. It finds that the late Murrogh O'Brien. 
Junior, Baron of Inchiquin, the grandson of the Patentee, 
being owner of these lands and tithes as his heir, did, by 
Deed, bearing date iSth January, 35th of Elizabeth, convey, 
in trust to Gerald Nugent, of Clonyn, Co. Westmeath, Esq., 
and to Cornelius O'Heynos, of Libia, in same county, for 
the use of Mabel Nugent, his wife, various denominations 
set forth in full, in the Inquisition here abstracted ; finds 
that the said Baron, by Deed of 13th July, 1597, mortgaged 
certain lands to Marcus Lynch, and another, of Galway ; 
finds that the daughters and co-heiresses of Teige, son of 
Murrogh O'Brien, viz., Honoria, Slaney, and Aney, lay claim 
to certain of the Baron's lands as their property of right ; 
finds that Maurice Doly {sic) claims part of the lake of 
Inchiquin ; finds that the Baron died on the 29th of Jul}-, 
1597, leaving Mabel Nugent, his widow, and a son and 
heir, Dermot, then aged two years and nine months. 1 

Inquisition, taken at Clare, on the 27th of October, 1604 
before Nicholas Kenny, Esq:, finds that CONOR, SON OF 
Daniel O'Brien, late of Castletown Mocrossy, gent., 
at the time of his death, was seized of the upper room of the 

1 Amongst the property granted by this patent was a weekly market to be 
held at Coad on every Saturday. 


castle, of the cellar, of the right to keep the door, of a 
moiety of the bawn lands and orchard belonging to the said 
castle, and of one half the following lands, viz. : — Kilfeilim, 
Knockluskran, Cragivoryn, Crannagher, Kilvoydane, and 
Noughaval ; finds, that having entered into rebellion 
against Queen Elizabeth, on the 1st of October, in the 39th 
year of her reign, he was killed at Killaloc, on the 3rd of 
March, in the 43rd year of the Queen ; finds that Joan 
Hogan was his wife, and that she claimed the above 
property for her dowry. 

The same Inquisition finds, that SlNON M'GlRRlGINE, 
formerly BlSHOP OF INISCATHY, was owner of sixteen 
quarters of lands, three of which are situate in Killtylline, 
in the barony of Clonderalaw ; three in Beallantallinge, in 
Moyarta barony ; four called Kilrushene, and four named 
Kilnagalliagh and Moyasta, in the barony of Moyarta ; two 
called Kilcredaun, in the same barony ; which sixteen 
quarters of land are commonly called Tarmon Senan, that 
is, land given originally in free gift to St. Senan for pious 
uses, or for spiritual intentions ; finds that the said 
M'Girrigine bequeathed these lands to the brotherhood of 
the Canons of Iniscahy, consisting of 303 persons, and to 
their successors, on the condition that said order of Canons 
should for ever, devote themselves to the service of God and 
to the performance of sacred duties ; finds that Maurice, 
now Bishop of Killaloe, with the assent of his dean and 
chapter, conveyed, by deed of 10th July, 1595, three 
quarters of the above sixteen to John Gegynn, of 
Be ilatallinge, for a term of 60 years ; finds that the same 
Bishop, with the assent of dean and chapter, by deed of 
31st March, 1595, leased three other quarters called Kiltc- 
lane. to one Teige M'Gillehanna, of Kiltelane, prior of 
Iniscahy, for 101 years ; finds that the same Bishop made 
a lease of the four quarters of Killrushe, to Nicholas Cahan 
wh«\ ns well as his ancestors, was called Coarb of Tarmon 
Senan, which word signifies overseer or keeper, of these 


four quarters of Killrush ; finds that these lands of Termon 
Senan were forfeited to the Crown, because they came 
under the statute of Mortmain. 

Inquisition, taken at the Windmill, on the 13th of 
March, 1606, by Humphrey Wynch, finds that MAHONE, 
son of Loghlen MacInerney, died at Ballysallag.ii, 
on the 12th of November, 1572, being then owner in fee of 
Ballysallagh, Ballykilty with its water-mill, and of Carrig- 
oran, and leaving his son Loghlen his heir-at-law. This 
son died at Carrigoran on the 14th of November, 1576, 
leaving his son Donogh, then aged six years, but now of 
full age, as his heir ; finds that Mahone, son of John Mac- 
Inerney, disputes the right of his cousin to the ownership 
of these lands, alleging that his father John, who was 
the true owner, had died at Dromoland, on the 5th of No- 
vember, in the 7th year of the reign of Queen Elizabeth, 
leaving him, the said Mahone, his son and heir. A subse- 
quent Inquisition, taken in 1632, finds that Mahone had 
been in possession, and that he died about the year 1617, 
leaving a son John to succeed him, a man then of full age. 

Inquisition, taken at Quin, on the 24th of April, 1606, by 
Nicholas Kenny, Esq., finds that part of the lands of 
Keevagh, containing 16 acres, lying at the west side of the 
Quin river, together with the water-mill, called the Friars' 
mill, and water-course belonged to the Abbey in former 
times, and now are the king's property. 

Inquisition, taken at Kilrush, on the Hth May, 1606, in 
presence of Nicholas Kenny, finds that COLLO MacSweeny 
died on the 31st of August, 1576, being then owner in fee of 
the castle, town, and lands of Kilkee ; that he left a son Hugh, 
of full age as his successor ; that Murrogh MacSweency, 
also of Kilkee, the brother of Collo, laid claim to the owner- 
ship of a moiety of the property, which claim after his death, 
was continued, by one Owen MacSweeney in the character 
of a mortgagee. 

Inquisition, taken at Kilfenora, on the nth of October, 


1606, in presence of Nicholas Kenny, finds that Daniel 
O'CONNOR, of Castle-i-Coxnor, died at Glan-i-Connor, 
on the 10th of October, 1505, being seized, at his death, of a 
moiety of the castle, barony, and town of Glan-y-Connor, 
viz., the cellar, the chamber, the castle, the middle room, 
and the porter's lodge ; and of a moiety of the lands of 
Clogher; finds that Donogh O'Connor was the son and 
heir of the aforesaid Daniel. 

Inquisition, taken in the fifth year of James I., is almost 
illegible, but it purports to be an inquiry into certain claims 
on the estate of the young Baron of Inchiquin. One of 
these is a mortgage to Nicholas Skerrett of Gal way, mer- 
chant, of lands in Magherkearney, and a release by Skerrett 
for £66, the amount of said mortgage, to Edmond O'Hogan, 
the attorney of Dermot Roe, the young Baron. While his 
claim was outstanding, it appears Skerrett received interest 
in the shape of rents due by tenants of the Baron, namely, 
from Dermot Oge O'Neylan, and from Teige McMurrogh 
out of Cahir Invoullame and Lisduff. The Inquisition 
further states that estates had been conveyed to the Baron's 
father by the following, viz. : — Conor, son of Turlogh; Mur- 
tagh MacDyer . . , Robert Brett, Teige Mantagh, Bryan 

Oge, son of Bryan, son of , of the Callaghs (Kells) ; 

Neylan of Drumna-Crigher ; Donogh O'Roone O'Hogan, 
•of Magherakearney. It finally mentions that a family 
named O'Kelliher, who were followers of the family of the 
O'Briens, were in possession of Apliskearney. 

Inquisition, taken at Quin.on the 19th of April, 6th year 
of James I., by Nicholas Kenny, finds that Daniel OGE 
Reagh MacNamara, of Fortanemore, was, at the time of 
his death, on the 13th of February, 1592, seized in fee, of the 
Island and Cartron or Caracute of land, called the plough- 
land of Rahire ; finds that at the taking of this Inquisition, 
Hugh, son of Donogh, Maccon, son of Teige, and Donogh, 
son of Shecda MacNamara, came and claimed for them- 
selves and their heirs, the moietv of the lands of Cahir ; 


finds, that the above named Daniel Oge, was possessed of 
Lismeehan (Maryfort) ; of the quarter. of Fonscogy called 
Urlen ; of Gurteenaneelig, of Myrde Elyvyn in Rosslara ; 
and of Drumcharley ; finds that Elena-ny-Gorman claimed 
the lands of Lismeehan as her dowry ; finds that Daniel 
Oge Reagh entered into possession of the lands of 
Ranaghan, on the 31st July, 1605, and being so possessed, 
permitted Daniel O'Molony of Derryclowse, and John and 
Conor O'Molony of the same place, to go into the occu- 
pation of the said lands, pending a Decree of Arbitration 
to be made by Gilladuff son of Conor, by Rory O'Hal- 
loran, by Hugh, son of Donogh, and by the priest 
Donogh O'Roury ; finds that Daniel, otherwise called 
the MacNamara Reagh, formely of Garruragh, father of 
the above mentioned Daniel Oge,. did, by Deed of the 
16th of April, 1589, convey to William O'Molony of 
Limerick, yeoman, a moiety of the town of Dangan-i-viggin,. 
the lands of Carrowroe, and Carrownaglogh, situate in the 
parish of Quin ; one half of the lands of Quin with eighteen 
tenements and eighteen gardens in the town of Quin, to 
hold to the said O'Molony, for the u^e of More O'Brhn, 
the wife of the said MacNamara Reagh, according 
to certain conditions set forth in the Deed ; finds that the 
said Daniel Oge Reagh MacNamara, late of Garruragh, 
by Deed bearing date the 4th of December, 1605, did 
convey to Daniel O'Hickey, of Bally icoregan, in the cross 
county of Tipperary, and to Owen Boy MacKeogh, of 
Kilmaclastry, the castle, town, and lands of Garruragh, 
Ballyurine, Fortanemore, Rayth, Feakle, Leaghkearward, 
Loghort, and Rosslara, to hold to them for certain uses - 
finds that Daniel Oge MacNamara, called otherwise Daniel 
Oge Reagh, and Aney MacNamara, otherwise Ancy O'Brien 
his wife, by Deed, under their hands, bearing date the 1st of 
April, 1606, conveyed to Donogh MacGilladuff O'Molony, 
of Glandree, gent., the land called the quarter of Feakle, 
subject to certain conditions contained in said writing : finds 


that said Daniel Oge, joined by his mother More O'Brien, 
mortgaged to Conor Oge MacGilladuffe O'Molony, by 
Deed of 20th of April, 1607, the lands of Garruragh ; finds 
that the Lady More MacNamara, alias O'Brien, of 
Garruragh, widow, and Evelecn Molony of Kilgorey, 
daughter and heiress of William O'Molony, late of Limerick,. 
by Deed, bearing date the 20th May, 1607, gantcd for certain 
trusts therein expressed, to Donogh, son of Conor McClancy 
of Inch, and to Boctius Clancy, of Ballydonnogh, all that, 
the moiety of the town and lands of Dangan-i-viggin, the 
lands of Gurtecn, Moynrceogh, Carrowroe, and Carrowreagh, 
to the use of Sir Roland Delahoyd, of Tyrcdagh, and which 
Deed, was confirmed by Daniel Oge Reagh MacNamara; 
finds that the aforesaid Lady More possessed, as her 
jointure, the lands of Riath, Rosslara, otherwise LiscahilU 
and Garruragh, which lands are, after her death, to descend 
to Aney, the wife of Daniel Oge Reagh, and then to his 
heir-at-law ; finds that Daniel Oge possessed, in fee, the 
lands of Garruragh, Ballywryne, Fortanemore, Rath, Feakle, 
Laearroward, Leaghort and Rosslare ; finds that he mort- 
gaged certain lands, lying at the north side of Ouin, near 
St. Fineen's Church, to one Nicholas Stritch of Limerick ; 
finds that the said Daniel Oge occupied and cultivated 
the lands called Skeigh Inyrtane (Fortane), and that he 
permitted Teige, son of Loghlen, to hold same lands from 
him ; finds that Hugh, son of Donogh MacNamara, of 
Glanvany, disputes Daniel Oge's right of ownership in 
certain of the lands mentioned in this Inquisition ; rinds 
that Daniel Oge Reagh died at Dublin, on the 10th of 
December 1607, leaving as heir his son Teige, aged six 
years and three months, at the time of his father's death. 

Inquisition, taken at the Windmill, in the county of 
Clare, on Friday after the feast of St. Margaret, Virgin, i.e., 
22nd of July, 160S, finds that Maurice, THE BISHOP OF 
KlLLALOE, has laid claim to certain dues arising from lands 
in the barony of Moyarta, and that a Commission to 


inquire into his demands had issued to Francis Barklcy, 
High Sheriff. The Inquisition here abstracted, taken 
before Bernard, Bishop of Limerick, and John Sarsficld, 
further finds, that Teige Caech MacMahon of Carrigaholt, 
and Turlogh his son, had, on the 15th of December, 41st of 
Elizabeth, broken into rebellion against the Queen, that 
Turlogh was killed at Dunboy on the 15th of June, 44th 
of Elizabeth, and that father and son had been outlawed. 

Inquisition, taken at the Windmill, on the 19th of July, 
1609, before Nicholas Walsh, finds that various persons 
held lands from Teige Caech MacMahon and his son, 
as mortgagees, as follows : — Cloonluskane, Clooncincgy, 
Ballinade alias Tullabrack, by Edmond Cahane (Keanc) ; 
Clooncullin, by Thomas, son of Murrogh MacGorman ; 
• Kelmacduane, by Dermot, son of Teige MacGorman ; 
Ballynagurr, by Daniel MacGorman ; Moyadda and 
Knockerry, by Teige, son of Shoneen MacGorman ; Bally- 
macrinnan, by Oliver Stephenson ; Leitrim, by Thomas, 
son of Melaghlin MacGorman ; Cloghaunbeg, by Owen 
MacCiu MacGorman ; Cloghaunmore, and Cahermoroghue, 
by Teige, son of Dermot MacGormon ; Doonlickey, by 
Owen MacSwecney ; Dough, by Owen MacCahane ; 
Corbally, by William MacCraghe ; Doonbeg, by Nicholas 
Oge Stritch ; Moyadda, and Moyhret, by Murtogh 
■O'Harney ; finds that Daniel O'Brien of Ennistymon, held 
various lands from Teige Caoech ; that other parts of his 
lands were claimed by his relatives, Brian, son of Murrogh, 
Maoel ; Turlogh Duff, son of Brian ; and Donagh, son of 
Murtogh, son of Edmond MacMahon ; finds that the 
Bishop of Killaloe, in right of his see, was seized of the 
lands of Ballonane and Kilcasheen, and of certain dues 
payable annually out of other lands mentioned in the 

Inquisition, taken at Ennis, on the iSth of March, 1610, 
before Sir John MacNamara, knight, and Nicholas Kenny, 
finds that Daniel Neylan, late of Ballyallia, died on 


the 14th of March, 1608, leaving his widow Honora 
O'Grady with a claim for jointure on part of the lands of 
Bullyallia called Ballycoree ; that James Neylan, the 
father of Daniel, had also left a widow, Finola Clancy, 
whose jointure was chargeable in another part of the same 
townland called Reaskaun, and Ballymaguiggin ; finds that 
one Michael Chamberlain has a mortgage on Ballyallia'; 
and that these lands are free from Crown rent 1 ; finds 
that James Neylan, who at his father's death was aged 
eleven years, is the heir of Daniel. 

Inquisition, taken at Castlcbank, on the 10th of October, 
1610, before Nicholas Mordant and John Sarsficld, finds 
that, during the minority of Teige, son of DANIEL Oge 
MacNamara, who is mentioned at the end of a previous 
Inquisition, certain persons laid claim to and seized on por- 
tions of his property. They are here named : Rory O'Hal- 
loran entered on the lands of Corbchagh ; Donogh, and 
Hugh son of Donogh MacNamara, took possession of 
Leaghort ; the Earl of Thomond seized on part of Corclone ; 
and Loghlen O'Malley on another portion of the same de- 
nomination ; John O'Halloran possessed himself of Tallin 
and Killagurteen, otherwise called Drumturney ; the Lady 
More MacNamara appropriated to herself Cloncuse and 
Cragroe, wholly repudiating the claim of Ellen O'Gorman, 
widow of Cuvea, son of Donogh MacNamara, who alleged 
that these two places were part of Lismeehan, which had 
been left by her hnsband to her as jointure. The Lady 
More, took by force, other lands belonging to her grandson, 
to wit, Liscahill and Garruragh. The Inquisition further 
goes on to state that, in his life time, Daniel Oge Rcagh 
MacNamara had made an exchange with his kinsman, 
Shceda, son of John, by which the latter got possession of 
Rosslara, in place of Laccorrow-na-fonishany, which last 
named place was claimed by Aney O'Brien, widow of 
Daniel Oge, as for her jointure. 

1 See Composition Deed of Thomond, ante., p. 250. 


Inquisition, taken at Ennis, on the 30th of January 
1612, before Nicholas Kenny, finds that TURLOCH 
MERIGAGH, (the freckled), O'BRIEN, late of BALLY- 
NEILLAX, parish of Kilnamona, was owner of that place 
and of Knockacourhin ; that by deed of 25th February, in 
the fortieth year of the late Queen Elizabeth, he sold to 
Daniel, son of John Gnelome (?) of Moarhaun, gent., a 
moiety of the lands of Knockacourhin ; finds that the 
same Turlogh, being joined with Conor O'Brien, and divers 
other wicked persons, in rebellion against the late Queen, 
was killed at Kilveda, in the county of Clare, on the 6th of 
August 1599, and his estates confiscated to the Crown. 

Inquisition, taken at Ennis, on the same day, finds 
that Daniel, son of Der.mot O'Brien, of Ballygriffy, 
being seized of the lands of Cahirbannagh, Ballylevenan, 
and Magowna, with a cellar and room in the castle of 
Magowna, and of Gurtipwill, pledged the quarter called 
Lurgan to Turlogh McMahomide (?) for a horse and a 
hackney nag ; finds that, on the 10th of August, 27th of 
Elizabeth, he was attainted, at Ennis, of high treason, 
and his lands forfeited to the Crown. 

Inquisition, taken at Ennis, on the 30th of Arpril, 161 1, 
before Nicholas Kenny;, finds that MACCON MACNAMARA of 
DanGAN-I-YIGGIN, chief of his nation, being seized, in 
his lifetime, of the lands called the Callownaghs, afterwards 
Tarmon Tulla, consisting of the following denominations, 
viz., Tulla with its ruined fortress, Lissofin with its ruined 
castle, Clonteen, Dromlig, Moymore, Fomerla with its 
ruined castle, Kiltanon, Tyredagh alias Tiresheeda, Drom- 
caha, alias Kildonalballagh, Ballyore, Dromaghmartin, 
Creganeryen, Bunavory, Killeen, Furhee, Loughaun, Cut- 
teen alias Cahercutteen, he, the said Maccon, did convey 
them, on the nth of November, in the twentieth year of 
Richard II. (1397 J, to Donogh, son of Maccon, the Rector 
of the parish church of Tulla, to hold unto him and his 
successors ; finds that this grant was made contrary to the 


Statutes of Mortmain and without having first obtained the 
king's license authorizing the donation. 

It appears that these lands did not long remain in 
possession of the Church, for they continued to be the 
patrimony, until the time of Cromwell, of a branch of the Mac 
Namaras called Sliocht-an Bhallaigh, '(the descendants of the 
freckled man), so called from Donald Ballach, the son of 
Mahone Dall, whose tomb is near the high altar of Ouin 
Abbey. Their right, to some at least, of the lands, was dis- 
puted by the Earl of Thomond, and in the reign of James I. 
Alderman Nicholas Weston of Dublin, got a grant by 
patent, of Creganecrcen and Cahercutteen, being three 
*' Callounaghs " of said Tarmon lands. The patent, which 
bore date the 7th of January, in the 1 ith year of the king, 
set forth that they were the property of the Crown, having 
been forfeited under the Statute of Mortmain. By virtue of 
his grant, Weston proceeded to dispossess the MacXamaras. 
He subsequently conveyed the estate to Roland Delahoyde, 
afterwards Sir Roland Delahoyde,a gentleman from Leinster, 
who had come to settle in Clare, and who had married a 
daughter of Clancy of Inch, nearEnnis. Delahoyde sought to 
retain the property by the help of the Earl of Thomond, with 
whom he was a great favourite, but a new claimant presented 
himself, in the person of William Hewitt, Vicar of Tulla, 
who alleged that he was entitled to it, under the grant to 
the church, made by MacXamara, in the reign of Richard II. 
He filed a bill in Chancery, in the fifth year of Charles I., 
against Sir Roland Delahoyde, Bryan Sweeney, and John 
O Donoghue, gentlemen, setting forth that he had been 
turned out of possession by them. To this they replied by 
referring to the Statute of Mortmain, and to the right of the 
Crown to dispose of the property, to the prejudice both of 
the church, and of the Sliocht an Bhallaigh. 

To inquire into the real right of ownership, a commission 
was issued, about the 20th of June, 1657, and it sate at Tulla. 
The commission consisted of four persons, two on behalf of 


Hewitt, namely, Winter Bridgeman, Esq., and Richard 
Walker, Clerk ; and two on the side of Dclahoyde, namely, 
Sir John MacNamara, Knt., and John MacNamara, Esq. : — 
Several witnesses were examined, amongst whom were 
Daniel MacNamara of Dangan-i-viggin, and Bcetius Clancy 
of Knockfinn, stated to be then aged 50 years or thereabouts. 
After several adjournments, and after hearing the testimony 
ofmany witnesses, judgment was finally given against Hewitt 
on the 28th of June, in the fifth year of Charles I. It transpired 
during the inquiry, that Daniel, son of Cuvca MacNamara, 
was owner of one moiety of a quarter of the lands of 
Tyredagh, while Teige, son of Gilladuff, owned half a 
quarter of that townland, together with the middle room 
and one chamber of the castle, which apartments he had let 
to Sir Roland Delahoyde for rent. It is also mentioned, in 
the course of the pleadings, that an ancient record now lost, 
called the book of St. Mochuilla, the patron saint of Tulla, was 
frequently referred to. All this information is taken from a 
MS. book g^-, in the library of the Royal Irish Academy, 
Dublin, in the handwriting of the Chevalier O'Gorman. 
When he wrote, he states that only four of the descendants of 
Donald Ballach were known to exist. These were Captain 
Teige MacNamara of Rannagh, who in 17 14, repaired his 
ancestor's tomb at Quin, and his brother John, both of 
whom belonged to the elder branches of the old stock ; and 
two other gentlemen whose names O'Gorman did not 

Inquisition, taken at Ennis Monastery, on the 21st 
August 161 1, before Sir John Denham Knt, finds that 
EDWARD White of Ballinderry, in the county of Ros- 
common, died at that place on the 4th of May, 161 1, being 
then owner of the lands and castles of Cratlocmore, of 
Ouircnbuoy, of Portrine, Coulinfonshync and of Carrow- 
nigare, all in the barony of Bunratty; finds that a certain 
Gcncta Butler, otherwise Geneta White of Callinc, in the 
county of Kilkenny, who is the ncice of said Edward 


White, is his next heir ; finds that Catherine Mostyn was 
the widow of said White. 1 

Inquisition, taken at Ennis, in the 9th year of James 
I., finds that TURLOGH O'BRIEN was the heir of Teige 
O'BRIEN, that he died at BALLYGOWN (Smithstown), 
on the 1 2th of July, 1584, being seized of the following de- 
nominations, viz. : — the castle, town, and lands of Ballygown ; 
Ballykennedy; Gortnaboul; of the castle,' town, and lands of 
Bcthneill; of the castle and its town which formely belonged 
to the monastery of Kilshanny, then lately dissolved ; of 
the castle and lands of Ballyvcaghan ; Ballygastcl, Clony- 
vorshin, Gortantubbcr, Ballycdramayn, Tromora, Ballgyuyn, 
Forynmill, and Cloonyconerybegg ; finds that Teige 
O'Brien, the father of said Turlogh, had mortgaged, to one 
LoghlenOge MacConsidine, the lands of Cahernahally ; finds 
that the sisters of the said Turlogh, namely, Honoria, 
Slaney, and Aney are the co-heiresses to his estates ; finds 
that Honoria, at her brother's death, was aged fifteen 
years and then married, Slaney ten years, and Aney seven 
years, respectively. 

Inquisition, taken at Ennis, on the 12th of October, 16 12 
before Nicholas Kennv, finds that Aney, daughter of TEIGE 
O'BRIEN, late of Tullagiimore, died on the 15th of 
October 161 1, being then owner of Tullaghmore castle and 
lands, and of Knocknaraha ; finds that, in her lifetime, she 
had mortgaged, to Daniel O'Tynn, the lands of Bally tarsna ; 
that she had given the lands of Lisduff and Listnemchcr to 
one Teige O'Brien of Dromore, in exchange for a quarter 
in Knocknaraha ; that, at her death, she was seized of the 
lands of Fanta, and Carrowduff, which is a parcel lying on the 
east side of Ballyalla; of Carrowfrowsome, and Ballyashill, 
which last she had mortgaged to one Cullane ; finds that 
she was owner of the tithe of the monastery of Kilshanny ; 
finds that Dermot, now Baron of Inchiquin, claims all these 

1 Eiuard White wis Ck-rk of the Council of the Province of Connaught. 
\ ;J;-. aire, d ure 210. 


hereditaments as his of right ; finds that Donogh, son of 
Mahone O'Brien, was the legitimate husband of said Aney, 
and that he died, on the 20th of March, 161 1, leaving as his 
heir, his son Turlogh, now aged five years. 

Inquisition, taken at Ennis, on the 5th of March 161 3, 
before Sir William Methwold, Knt., Chief Baron of the 
Irish Exchequer, finds that the following lands, belonging to 
Teige Caech MacMahon, of Carrigaholt, at the time 
of his attainder, were held from him, by Owen O'Cahane, 
as tenant at will, viz. : — Lisdeen, Listcunaghan, and 
Kildima, all in the parish of Kilferagh. 

Inquisition, taken at Killinaboy, on the 14th of May, 
16 1 3, before Nicholas Kenny, finds that Brian, son of 
MURROGH O'CONNOR, late of Ballvvorda, died, on the 
13th of March, 1593, seized of Ballyvorda and Ardnacoilla, 
and leaving as his heir, his son Owen O'Connor, then aged 
18 years. 

This Inquisition repeats the list of lands owned by 
Daniel Reagh MacNamara, as already given. It further 
states, that John and Loghlen O'Malley, and others of the 
race of O'Malley, had taken possession of the lands of 
Knockbcha, (Feakle), soon after the death of Donald 

Inquisition, taken at Ennis, in 1622, before John, 
Bishop of Kilfenora, finds that Rory O'Halloran was 
owner in fee of KlLLANENA, in the parish of Feakle, at the 
time of his death, on the 12th of March, 1619. He left 
three daughters, coheiresses, namely Murna, Una, and More, 
and a widow, More, daughter of John M'Xamara. 

Inquisition, taken at Ennis, on the 2nd of October, 
1621, before John, Bishop of Kilfenora, finds that FlNEEN 
OGE M'NAMARA died on the 1st of May, 1621, being 
owner, in his life time, of KlLMURRY-NA-GAUL, of Rath, 
in Kilmurry parish; of Clondaraghmore and Fibagh, in the 
parish of Killeely ; the two latter of these he held from 
Donogh, Earl of Thomond, as appears by letters patent of 


the 19th of January, in the 18th year of the king ; finds 
that said Fineen, by Deed of the 22nd of August, 161 5, 
gave the above-mentioned lands to Turlogh O'Brien of 
Bullymulcashell, in trust to the use of Honoria O'Brien, 
wife of the said Fineen, for life, with remainder to his heir ; 
finds that John, now aged four years, is the son and heir of 
said Fineen Oge arid of Honoria ; finds that one Rory 
O'Liddy lays claim to Kilmurry as mortgagee, having 
taken these lands in pledge for twenty milch cows, ten 
barren cows, and thirty pounds in money. 

Inquisition, taken at Ennis, on the same day, also 
before the Bishop, finds that Don t agii, son of CUVEA 
MacXamara, died on the Sth of May, 1620, seized of the 
following lands, viz.: — Derrymore, Knockmolohcr, Bally- 
nahinch, Lisbarren, in the parish of Kiinoc ; of Dromefren 
and Clondaloe, in the parish of Killuran ; of half a quarter 
in the east part of Ballybroghan, in the parish of 
Ogonnelloe ; finds that, by deed of the 30th of September, 
161 5, he conveyed to Teige MacNamara of Rosslara, and 
to Flan MacBrody of Moynoe, the above recited lands, to 
the use of his wife Finola, daughter of Donald MacXamara, 
and to their issue ; finds that he, on the 2nd of July, 161 8, 
mortgaged another part of Ballybrogan to one Patrick 
Ilarrold, of Limerick, merchant, for twenty-one pounds ; 
finds that John M'Xamara, now aged seventeen years, is 
the eldest son and heir of said Donogh. 

Inquisition, taken at Ennis, on the same day, also by 
the Bishop of Kilfenora, finds that DONOGH.son of Sheeda 
MacXamara, died on the 7th of March, 1619, owning the 
following denominations of lands: — Rosslara, parish of 
lulla; Lecarrowancarrie, parish of Fcakle ; Fahy-i- 
allurain, parish of Kilmarogh (?) ; Gurtdrinaneand Gurtden, 
in the parish of Feakle ; finds that, by deed of the 20th of 
September, 1615, he conveyed these lands to trustees, 
namely, to Donogh O'Grady, of Cloncny, gent, and to 
Donogh, sun of John MacXamara of Ballymukroine, for 


the use of his wife, Finola MacNamara, for her life, and to 
their heirs afterwards ; finds that the mother of said 
Donogh, namely, Finola, daughter of Donald MacNamara, 
yet lived, and was entitled to her jointure out of said lands ; 
finds that John M'Namara is the son and heir of the said 
Donogh, and that hi:, age, at the time of his father's death, 
was two and a half years. 

Same Inquisition finds that JOHX REACH MACXAMARA 
died on the ist of March, 1613, being owner of LECARROW 
GORTXAMOXIA, otherwise Lecarrow Lackanatown, in 
Rossroe, in the pari, h of Kilmurry, barony of Tulla ; of 
Gortdrislagh, Fybagli, and Cloncowsebeg; in the parish of 
Killeely, which last he held from the Earl of Thomond, 
under patent, bearing date Dublin, 19th January, iSth of 
the King ; finds that, by Deed of the 3rd of February, 161 1, 
he mortgaged Gortdrislagh and Cloncowsebeg for eight 
cows and eight pounds sterling, to Teige and Conor 
O'Ruddane, of Ballyroc, gents. ; finds that his mother, Ancy 
MacClancy, the widow of his father Maccon, son of Sheeda, 
being still living, had a claim for jointure upon his lands ; 
finds that his widow also survived, whose name is Margaret 
Crues, and who claims her jointure out of Gortnamonie ; 
finds that Donogh MacNamara is the eldest son and heir 
of the above-named John Reagh ; finds that one Honoria 
MacNamara lays claim to Gortmania. 

Same Inquisition finds that TEIGE, son of MAHONE 
FlXX O'RuddaN, was owner in his life-time of Cloox- 
MUXXIA (near Sixmilebridge); that he died on the 12th of 
May, 1615 ; that John O'Ruddan, aged at the time of his 
father's death thirteen years, was his eldest son and heir ; 
finds that More O'Ruddan, his widow, now lives. 

Inquisition, taken at Poulquin, (Ouinpool, near Lime- 
rick^, on the 9th of August 1622, before Sir Nicholas Walsh, 
Knt., finds that COXOR O'BRIEN OF Dromolaxd died at 
Leamaneh, on the 2nd of January 1604, being owner of the 
castle of Leamaneh and three quarters of land, then occupied 


bv Conor O'Flanagan ; finds that he was owner also of 
Cahcrmacon, which lands were then in the occupation of 
Loghlen Reagh O'Hehir; that he also owned the lands of 
Felmanagh, Cross, Dromen, and Clonenickmarragh ; finds 
that one Teige O'Brien, son of Murtagh, and one Teige 
O' Kearney, were then in the occupation of these three last- 
named denominations ; finds that a certain Mahone, son of 
Brian Roe O'Brien, was owner of the lands of Kilbucke, 
which he had demised to Marcus Dowly and Conor M'Hil- 
lisabhe in trust ; finds that the above-named Conor O'Brien 
was owner of Fahyfane in Burren ; that he had mort- 
gaged the lands of Bohcrkoycr and Bradagh to James 
M'Inerney for ^14 ; that he had mortgaged to Mahone 
Maoel, son of Gilladuff, the lands of Clonghelieth 
for five cows ; that he had granted to James M'Inerney 
four acres of Rathfolan ; that he had mortgaged Ballygriffy 
to Maurice, Bishop of Killaloe, for ^150; that he had 
mortgaged Dromflare to Donald Buy O'Ncalan for nine 
milch cows ; that at the time of his death he was tenant 
of the following lands to the Earl of Thomond for a 
term of forty-one years, viz. : — Dromoland, Ballyconneely, 
Rathfolanmore, Ballygirreen, Latoon . . . Kiren ; finds 
that of these lands, he had mortgaged certain parcels to one 
Donoghue, and to Conor, son of Mahone Roe ; finds that 
Slaney O'Brien is the widow of said Conor, and that his 
eldest son and heir is Donogh, aged, at the time of his 
father's death, eight years. 

Inquisition, taken at Ennis,on the 7th of May, in 
year of James I., before Nicholas Kenny, finds that DONALD 
Mr.IUGAGII MacXamara, of BALLINAHINCH, died on the 
21st of April, 1604, being then owner of the undernamed 
lands :— Coolreaghbeg, Upper Clogher, Cloncullin, Cloghcr- 
keile, Ballaghnayne, Ratheneonar, Shanvoyhe, Clonriushe, 
Manygullin; Ranaghan, of the west part of Ballydonaghan, 
of Clonmohcr, Coolrcady, and Lisbarreen ; finds that he 
had demised these lands to Bcetius Clancy of Knockfinn, in 


trust to the use of his wife Honoria Clancy, during her *;fe, 
and after her death to the heirs male of their body, and in 
default of such heirs male, to the use of his heirs geiitrai ; 
finds that Donogh MacNamara is the son and heir of ;-aid 
Donald Merigagh. 

Among these Inquisitions is one which sets forth, at 
enormous length, the names of the lands granted, by letters 
patent of the 19th of January 1622, to the EAKL ( F 
THOMOND. Too much of our space would be occupiei by 
an enumeration of these townlands, and we shall content 
ourselves with giving some collateral particulars which rr.ay 
be found interesting. The Earl gives to one DONOGH, son 
of MURTAGH Sallagii (the dirty), and to his heirs male, 
for some service rendered to him, two acres of arable land 
and the grazing of two milch cows. He devises to HUGH 
NORTON the lands of LifTord, Ballyconny, and Cappahard, 
near Ennis, together with various other denominations, 
situate in the barony of Ibrickan. He gives, by his Deed 
of November, 16 19, to TEIGE O'Brien, the advowson and 
Rectory of O'Gashin; to J AMES Co.MYN, the castle and 
lands of Doonbeg; and to Owen, Teige, Logiilen, and 
DONOGH O'Daly, sons of Loghlen RoeO'Daly; to SlIANE, 
son of William O'Daly ; to TEIGE, son of Owen O'Daly ; 
and to Eneas, son of Gilladuff; the lands of Finavarra. 
He gives, by Deed of 6th May, 1590, to DERMOT MacCon- 
SIDINE, the lands of Clongarnan, Cohy, Cloninagh-upper. 
Kilroe, Cloninagh- lower, Clonwhite, and Carraghcully. By 
Deed of 9th June, 1617, he gives to HUGH and William 
BRIGDALE, the lands of Cahercallamore, Ballyjanc, Baliy- 
macaula, and Athiwellan, in the town of Ennis. In 161 S, 
he gives to James FitzXicholas BOURKE of Limerick, 
the castle, town, and lands of Downaghogan, Clonlcskehine, 
and Skraffoyle. In 1623 he gives to RICHARD KEATING, 
the lands of Ballinacraggy, Cahermoyle, Garrinphibo'e, 
Shanclooncy, Caherduff, Maghery, and Knocknaskcha. He 
gives to Michael White, and to Anastatia, his wife, 


the castle and lands of Bealacorick, Knappagh, Inishlana, 
with its water-mill, Ballycloghassy, the Hill of Torses, and 
Carcaknappoge. He gives to Roland Delahoyde, by 
Deed of 1623, the castle, town, and lands of Fomerla, alias 
Fornerdy, Knockprehanc, Fyamore and Fyabegg, Clas- 
sagh, Cahirlogan, and Rathclooncy. In 1617, he gives 
to Robert Taylor, Anne Taylor, and John Taylor, 
their son, the Abbey of Clare, with two quarters of land, 
called Carrownakilly and Carrownagannanagh, the lands 
of Ballybeg. Cahercallabcg, excepting the town of 
Clare, and a parcel of land adjoining the bridge. He 
gives to NICHOLAS Parsons, the island of Inishdadrom. 
He conveys to Sir Thomas Brown, to Sir John 
Brereton, to Boztius Clancy, and to Arthur 
STOTON, the castle, manor, town, and lands of Dromoland, 
the Abbey of Ennis, the lands of Dromligctt, the town 
and lands of Oueerenquilly, Clooncarne, Kilnanagh, the 
castle of Bealacorick, and the island of Inishdea, as trustees, 
to the use of Henry, now Earl of Thomond, and of the Lady- 
Mary his wife, and to their heirs male. The Inquisition 
further states, that various persons claimed lands included 
in the Earl's Patent. The BISHOP OF KlLLALOE claimed 
a great many townlands. MacXamara Finn, of DangaN- 
I-YIGIN, claimed Cratloemore, and Kirenboy a sub-deno- 
mination of that townland, Portdrine, Gortfynn, Garrow- 
ganee, Moyhill, Kilfintinan, Kilrackanbeg, Kilfeylim, 
Dromgranagh, Ballyunkouan, Bcarnafunsin, Ballycarroll, 
Ballycorey, Ballyvicehinna, Shandangan, Ballymacloon, 
Crynegh, Agherinaghmore, Glanlon, Ballycar, Gilloge, 
Ballycarroncrona, Ballycannon, Knockalisheen, Glanna- 
gro-s, Grebole, Annaghbegg, Ballycomyne, Ballyvane, 
BcallaghlafTny, Aldowan, Carrownanillin, Sleight Teige 
Daly, Ballycasey, Tullyvarroga, Dromguilla, Rinanna. Bal- 
lymacknevin. Ballyconneely, Dromoland, Ballygirreen, 
Carrowmorlatta. Ballyvannavan, Glanmuintermollowna, 
Gurtmcerie, Danganbrack, Cloomanagh, Knockdurlis, and 


Coolshamrock. CUVEA MacNamara, of Ardclooney, 
claimed Rossnacowhy, Knocknaskeha, and Cloonfadda. 
Mahone, son of Donogh MacNamara, of Kilkishen, 
claimed Bealaglafine, the castle and lands of Rosmanaghcr, 
Bealancullin, Ballyblood, Mohernaguta, and Coolbane. 
Cuvea Reagh MacNamara, of Clonclogher, laid 
claim to Agherinamore, Gortcahilroor, Bearncarrigie. 
DONALD O'Grady OF Moynoe, claimed the lands of 
Carrovvcoole, Cloghanobron, Drominomora, and Knock- 
moet. David O'Ruddane of Ballyvergan, claimed 
Ballyivore, Curraghkilleen, Gortashanvatta, Gortdrislagh, 
Clooncrossbeg, and Lisponery. Teige, SON OF DONOGH, 
son of John MacNamara, of Lackamore, claimed 
that townland as well as the lands of Ballygirreen and 
Knockenisheen. DONOALD, SON OF RORY MacNamara 
OF BALLYDUFF, claimed the castle and lands of Kil- 
raghtis and Coolebawn. Owen O'Molony claimed 
Ballybroghan, Ballycasha, and the castle and lands of 
Bealaboy. Conor, son of Donogh MacNamara, claimed 
Carrowbane, Ballycraggy and Maghera. MICHAEL CHAM- 
BERLAIN claimed Ballymaley. Owen O'Corry claimed 
claimed, by virtue of a mortgage, the lands of Bally can- 
non, Gortnaskehie, Gleanagross and Shanakyle. THOMAS 
Arthur of the city of Limerick, claimed Lisballick, 
Ready, Cloncabbery in Annabeg, (Doonass). John Mac- 
NAMARA of GRANAHAN, claimed that part of Ballykalla 
which is called Knocknakilla, Ballyenish, Cloonderdalough, 
aad Granahan, otherwise called Bealagaddy. John, SON 
of Teige MacNamara of Cross, claimed Skart (Nes- 
karte), Ballyknock, Ranyellagh, Farrenomarlen, Ballyco- 
myne, and Corcagh-na-ganogc. Rory MacNamara, of 
Monyneve, claimed Augvallebeg. William Halpin of 
KlLRUSH, claimed Kilcarrowly. CONOR O'BRIEN OF 
BALLYMULCASIIIL, claimed that townland, as likewise 
the lands of Kilmore and Curraghkilleen. Donald Mac- 


NamaRA OF CARROWNEVER, claimed Ballyrohane, Callan, 
Ardmolton, and Cloonfadda. MORROGH MacGucarrick 
of CLOXREDDAN, claimed Doonmore. NICHOLAS Stritcii 
FITZNlCHOLAS OF LlMERICK, claimed Doonbeg, Ballycar- 
row, and Lismullin, and part of the pool of Cahitragh. 
Conor, son of Teige MacNamara, of Smithstown in 
the parish of Dromline, claimed Cahcrfiroguc and Bally- 
casey. Mahone, son of Conor MacNamara of Ard- 
RASKON, claimed Dromore and Cloghlca, in Ballinacraggy. 
Teige, son of Sheeda MacNamara, of Mona-Gra- 
NAGH, and DONOGII CLANCV, of Uklin, claimed Beal- 
laghcuheen, Cloonyntin, Cappa-an-Shanvallcy, Gorty- 
greaghane, Lycareogh, and Knockballyushcn. Shane, 
SON OF Daniel O'Lurkan, claimed as his patrimony, 
Cloonillany, Knocknaraha, and Rathdonald. MacNamara 
OF BALLYBOISE, claimed Tiyrc and Skeopaghcnballybloyd. 
Conor O'Brien, of Derrow, on the 20th of May, 1624, 
claimed as his property the castle and lands of Dromline, 
as well as the lands of Ballycasey and Tullyvaraga. John 
Rice of the city of Limerick, on the 26th of June, 1624, 
laid claim to the lands of Gortcallcstalbuoy as his inherit- 
ance. John and Teige MacNamara, of Ballintlea, 
claimed, as theirs of right, the lands of Carrowbane, Carrow- 
brannir, Tuohroure, Killeen, and Knockearoe. J AMES 
MORRIS OF BALLYLUDDANE, claimed Erribul and Knocka- 
derreen, in Ballyluddane. TEIGE MacNamara OF MOY- 
RUSH, claimed Gurtmaska and Cloonfadda. John, SON OF 
Daniel MacNamara, of Kilfinaghty, claimed Drom- 
gowly and Moygalla. Teige MacNamara claimed ths 
islands of Inishdea and Inishmore in the Fergus. 1 

Inquisition, taken at Quinpool, on the 8th of August, 
161 2. before Donogh, Earl of Thomond, and others, findsthat 
Dermot, Baron of Inciuquin, is seized, by various tenures, 

1 We know from the Book of Dis- were disallowed in favour of thfi 
tributions and Forfeitures that, in powerful Earl of Thomond. j 

many coses, the claims here set forth 


of lands, the names of which are given at great length, but 
which we must here omit on account of the space the 
enumeration would occupy. The same Inquisition goes 
on to state, that RICHARD WlNGFIELD, as the husband of j 

HOXORIA, daughter and co-heiress of Tcige, son of Murrogh 
O'Brien of Ballynagown, was seized in fee, of various lands, 
viz. : — Ballinagown, Lisduff, Shanbally, Knockoultagh, 
Lurraga, Cahercamore, Tullyodca, Oankcagh, Cahema- 
mart, Maherarcagh ; of one-third part of the Abbey lands of 
Kilshanny, with the tithes thereof; of Carrowkcalc, Carrow- 
more, Ballyalla, Porsoon, Ballygastell, Carrowanbachalla, 
and Garryanvoghalla in Kilfenora. The Inquisition in 
recital, further sets forth, that TuRLOCH O'BRIEN, SON OF 
Aney O'BRIEN, another of the co-heiresses of Teige of 
Smithstown, was seized of the castle and lands of Tullagh- 
more, Ballytarsna, Knockskea, Caheranmoher, Knockna- 
skeha, Fanta, the third part of the Abbey (with its lands), 
of Kilshanny and Ballydeely. The Inquisition proceeds to 
declare, that Teige O'Brien, and Slaney O'Brien, his 
wife, the third of the co-heiresses of Teige of Smithstown, 
were seized of the castle and lands of Boneill, Dirhee, 
Inargydd, Scadync, Martry, Drynagh, Morilla, Oankca, 
and Ballaghboy ; finds that Roger O'Shaughnessy, Esq., 
and Bcetius Clancy, Esq., are seized of the following lands, 
as Trustees for the use of said Teige O'Brien and his wife, 
for their lives, with remainder to their heirs male ; viz., 
Dromore, with its sub-denominations of Carrowandrchid, 
Carrownahanagh, Dromonagromyn, Ballyka, Ballyedreman, 
Gortacroghery, Kilmaskeemet ; finds that Conor Mac- 
Gillyshaghta (Lysaght), is Trustee for the use, under a 
deed of 16th October, 1597, of said Teige O'Brien and his 
wife Slaney, of the following, namely, Tecrmorane, Bally- 
slattcry, and its sub-denominations, viz., Rieskmore, Knock, 
Liscullane, Kilbeg-Magera-Ballymulcahy, known by the 
names following ; viz., Coollisticge, Carrowduff, Cahergal, 
Alclooney, Blcandrury, claimed by Teige, son of Donald 


MacNamara ; Knockballane, Derrynane^ Ballyverrighan, 
Killyane, and Carrowmore in Ballyallia. 

Inquisition, taken at Ennis, on the 19th of March, 1619, 
finds that DONOGii GRANA.(the Nasty) O'Brien, late of 
Magowna, died on the 22nd of December, 161 2, being owner 
of Ardcarney ; of three bed rooms in the castle of Magowna, 
to wit the " white chamber," the " guard chamber," and 
one other near the court ; of the lands of Inchicolaght, 
Drumboige, and Dcrroolagh ; finds that he .held these 
lands from Dermot, Baron of Ixchiquin; finds that 
Syna is the widow, and that Conor is the son and heir of 
said Donogh ; finds that the lands of Tc'cronaun are now 
in the possession of SIR ROGER O'ShauGHXESSY in his 
capacity of guardian of William Xcylan (his step son) ; 
finds that Brian na MOCOIREE (the early riser) O'Brien, 
had conveyed the lands of Ardcarney to Turlogh na Mo- 
coire, by deed of 1616 ; finds that MARCUS O'GRIFFY and 
his wife enjoyed the produce of this land, and that the fee 
simple was claimed, as his right by James, son of NICHOLAS 

Inquisition, taken at Ennis, on the 2nd of October, 
162 1, before John Bishop of Kilfenora, finds that Aney 
O'Brien, widow, died, on the 2nd of September, 1606, 
seized of the following lands; Tullaghmore, one-third part • 
of Porsoon ; Carrowduff, Kilshanny, Caherycoosane, Bal- 
laghboy ; one-third part of Knocknaskeha ; and also of 
Fantymore, Ballytarsna, and Bailygastel. 

Inquisition, taken at Ennis, on the same day, finds that 
John More MacNamara died on the 31st day of May, 
161S, being owner of the following; Milltown, Dromlcigh, 
Kiltanon, Affick, Roscarhy ; finds that John Oge is his son 
and heir. 

Inquisition, taken at Ennis, on the 26th of August, 
1623, before John Evans, finds that NICHOLAS STRITCII 
OF LIMERICK, died on the 26th of September, 162 1, being 
then owner of Knockinahidrig, Gurtcrurrane, and Gurteum- 


min ; finds that he was mortgagee of the following lands, 
viz. : — Dromenlih, Shandangan, Banigh, Creggywillin in 
Coonagh; two-thirds of the pool called Curragh na Skorny, 
in the river Shannon, at Coonagh, in the county of Clare ; 
all of which were held, by military service, from the Earl 
of Thomond, as of his Manor of Bunratty ; finds that 
Nicholas Stritch, fitz Nicholas, is the son and heir of the 
aforesaid Nicholas. 

Inquisition, taken at Ennis, on the 22nd of July, 1624, 
before Rowland Delahoyde, finds that CONOR O'BRIEN, 
LATE OF LEAMANEII, died on the 2nd of January, 1604, 
being then owner of the castle and town of Leamaneh, 
with its lands of Carrowcastle, Carrowmoyle, and Carrow- 
fadda ; the castle and lands of Ballygriffy, with its lands of 
Carrowcastle and Knockballygriffy ; of Cahermacon, Clo- 
nyne, alias Carrowmore ; Feilmanagh, Cross, (the two last 
held from Dermot Baron of Inchiquin, now a minor) ; finds 
that a certain Maiione, son of Brian Roe O'Brien, 
OF CARROWNAGOWL, conveyed to one Marcus Dowley of 
Tirmacbran (now Adelphi), the castle and lands of Carrow- 
nagoul, for the use of Mahone for life, with remainder to 
the use of his son Conor and Slaney his wife, for their 
lives, and after their death, to the use of their son Donogh 

Inquisition, taken at Ennis, on the 2nd of August, 
1624, before Bcetius Clancy, finds that John MacNamara 
FINN, OF Dangan-I-VIGGIN, died on the last day of 
February 1602, being then owner of the following, viz : 
Dangan ; of a certain water mill and gardens, with two- 
thirds of the tolls and customs of Ouin ; of Cratloe Moyle, 
Garryncurra, Knappoge, Carrowancloghy, Ballymorris, 
Tomfinlagh, and Ballymulchana ; finds that said John 
Finn, by Deed of June, 1602, granted these lands to Sheeda 
Cam MacNamara, and to Galfridus Mulchony, in trust for 
the use of his eldest son Donald MacNamara then of full 




Inquisition, taken at Ennis, on the 3rd of April, 1626, 
finds that Melaghlin MacGorman owned in fee, the 
lands of Dromellihy and Cahermoroghue, and that he 
died on the first of May, 1605, leaving Dermot MacGorman 
his son and heir! 

Inquisition, of same date and place, finds that Teige 
MacMahon OF CLONDERALAW, owned Kilkerin, Bally- 
namweel, Bohyodarun, Knockaphutteen, Dangan castle, 
Kilmurry, Cloonakilla and Binvoran ; that he died about 
thirty years ago, and that Turlough MacMahon, then, i.e. 
(at the death of Teige), aged 30, and married, was his son 
and heir. 1 

Inquisition, of same date and place, finds that DONOGH 
MacNamara owned the castle and lands of Ballina- 
HINCH, Lisbarreen, Clonmogher, Coolreagh, Coolready, 
Rahenamore, and others ; that he died on the 31st of Janu- 
ary, 1626, leaving as his heir, Daniel his eldest son ; finds 
that he had mortgaged certain lands to Daniel MacNamara 
Finn, to Donogh O'Molony, to John, son of Teige O'Hal- 
loran, to Fineen and Daniel Oge O'Halloran, to Loughlen 
and Edmond O'Halloran, and to Rory, son of Shane Mac- 
Isog (Cusack). 

Inquisition, taken the same day and place, finds that 
Teige O'Ruddane owned CLOONMUNNIA and Ballysheen, 
and that he died on the 12th of May, 161 8, leaving John 
Ruddanc, then aged nine years, his heir. 

I nquisition, taken on the same day, and at the same place, 
finds that MURROGH CAECH O'BRIEN, being owner of 
Ixishmacowney, in 1612, conveyed it to SIR GEOF- . 
1 key Gaiayay, Bart., of Limerick. 

1 This was Turlojrh Roe. 



Inquisition, of the same date and place, finds that OLIVER 
O'DAVOREX, being owner of LlSSYLISHEEN conveyed it, 
by Deed of the 29th September 1 590, to Constance Davoren ; 
finds that said Oliver Davoren died, on the 1st day of 
August, 1601, leaving GlLLANANEEVE O'DAVOREX, then 
of full age. his son and heir. 

Inquisition, taken at Sixmilebridge, on the fifth of 
June, 1626, finds that Daniel MacGormax died on the 
10th of Octoher, 1594, being then owner of Dkomellihy 
and Cahermurphy ; that he left as co-heirs his sons COXOR, 
MELAGHLIX, and CAHER. all being of full age ; finds that 
the said Melaghlin conveyed Dromellihy, in 161 8, to 
DAXIEL O'Briex ; finds that Conor is eldest son and 
heir of said Daniel. 

_ Inquisition, of the same time and place, finds that 
DAXIEL MACXAMARA, being owner in fee of the town, 
hamlet, and lands of BALLYM0RRI5, containing four quarters 
of land, conveyed same in trust, to BcETIUS CLAXCY, for 
the use of said Daniel. 

Inquisition, of the same time and place, finds that MORE 
0'COXXOR, being owner, forty years ago, of GLAXCOXXER 
(Glan, parish of Clooney), died and left these lands to her 
sons Doxogh FitzPatrick, and Teige O'Briex ; finds 
that, about twelve years ago, they conveyed them to Daniel 
O'Brien of Dough. 

Inquisition, taken at Sixmilebridge, on the 13th of April, 
1626, finds that JOHN MacNamara, was owner of 
KXOPPOGE castle and lands, of Dromullan, Ballyroughan, 
Coolbane, and Ballymulcanna, and that by Deed of the 
I2th of June, 1601, he assigned them to his son John. 

Inquisition, of same place and date, finds that DOXOGH 
MACNAMARA was owner of Ballyxevax castle and lands, 
and that he died on the 2nd of February, 1582, leaving his 
son SHEEDA, then aged twenty-three, his heir. 

Inquisition, taken at Sixmilebridge, on the 5th of June, 
1626, finds that DAXIEL 0'COXXOR owned Glax, in 


Corcomroc : and that he died on the 31st May, 1590, leav- 
ing DONOGH his son and heir. 

Inquisition, of same date and place, finds that DONOGH, 
LATE EARL OF THOMOND, being owner in fee of 
Rincanna and Ballycalla, parish of Kilconry, conveyed 
same to Kennedy MacBrian, and Brian Mac 
MURTAGH, by Deed, dated in 1620. 

Inquisition, of same date and place, finds that TEIGE 
MacN'AMARA died on the 18th of February, 1613, being 
owner of CLONBOY, parish of O'Brien's Bridge, and leaving 
a son Daniel ; finds that ShaNe MacXamara, owner of 
three cartrons of EnaGH, died on the 1st of August, 1597, 
leaving a son named TEIGE ; finds that Daniel Mac 
Xamara was owner of two cartons of Enagh, and that he 
died on the 31st of May, 1590, leaving a son named 
John ; finds that DONOGH MacXamara, owner of DER- 
RYMORE, died on the 1st of May, 1570, leaving as his heir- 
at-law his relative Mahone, son of Donogh ; finds that the 
Earl OF THOMOND, in 1619, conveyed the lands of 
Tomlagh to Daniel DORROGH Clancy, and the lands 
Clondrinagh and Birrin to DONOGH, SON OF CONOR 

Inquisition, taken at Sixmilebridge, on the 10th of Jan- 
uary, 1627, finds that Turlogh O'Brien of Dough 
died on the 1st of August, 1623, leaving his eldest son 
Daniel, then aged 44, his heir ; that by deed of 1602, he 
conveyed his lands to Brian, son of Teige O'Connor, and 
to Cucoggery O'Higgin, in trust for his own and his son's 
use. His lands were Balinalacken, Carrownacleary, Caher- 
cloggaun, Derrymore, Mooghna, Ballinahown, Ballyerrily, 
l-< ..;h.umimulviry, Lehinch, Laghcloon, Caherycahill, Bally- 
hcrragh, Cragecurridan, Kilmoon, Ballyconnoe, Bally- 
kinvartin, Cooleabeg, Fanorebeg, Lecarrowreagh, Ballynee, 
Fanorc, Oihermakcrrilla and Ballyloppane. The same 
Inquisition finds that Melaghlin MacGorman died on 
the 1st May, 15 So, being owner of Dromelliiiy and Caher- 


murphy, and leaving as his heir, his son Dermot, then of 
full age. 

Inquisition, taken at Sixmilebridge, on the iSth of Jan- 
uary, 1627, finds that Donald Meregagh MacNamara 
died on the 30th August, 1626, being owner of Ballylaghnan 
and Rohenamore, parish of Ogonnello, and leaving as heir 
his nephew Daniel, son of Donogh of Ballinahinch. 

Inquisition, taken at Ennis, on the 29th March, 1627, finds 
that Donald Crom, (the stooped), O'CLOGHESSY had 
conveyed, about thirty years previously, to David 
O'Cloghessy, the lands of BaLLINAGLEARAGII ; finds that 
RlCKARD MACGlLLAREAGH owned part of the lands of 
LlSKILLOGE ; that he died on the 1st May, 1 616, leaving 
as his heir, his son CONOR, then of full age ; finds that 
CONOR MACGlLLAREAGH owned another part of LlSKIL- 
LOGE, and that his heir was his son Dermot ; finds that 
DANIEL MacSweeney died on the 1st of August, 1612, 
being then owner of CUSHCRUAGH, and leaving a son 
named DONOGH ; finds that, in 1606, CONOR, SON OF 
RlCKARD MACGlLLERAGH, had a mortgage on the lands of 
Lavally, the property of Turlogh MacMahon. 

Inquisition, taken at Sixmilebridge, on the 10th of April, 
1627. finds that CUMARRA MACNAMARA died on the 10th 
of May, 1 596, being then owner of part of the castle and 
lands of CARROWMEER, Clonmore, Cloonaherna, Drom- 
ganaghmore, Rathluby, and Gortrahan, and leaving, as his 
co-heirs, his sons MAHONE and Donald Reagh, both then 
of full age and married ; finds that MACCON MacN-AMARA 
owned the other part of CARROWMEER, Cloonaherna and 
Clonmore, and that he died on the 10th of August, 1594, 
leaving his son Donald MAOEL, then aged 22 as his heir ; 
finds that RORY, SON OF FlNEEN, SON OF LOGHLEN, claimed 
part of Cloonaherna ; finds that CUVEA REAGH Mac- 
NAMARA, being owner of part of CLONMONEY, and part of 
Ardclooney, conveyed them, by Deed of May, 162 1, to Tcige 
MacNamara ; finds that FlNEEN MaoNa.mara, about 


forty years ago, being then owner of ROSROE, mortgaged 
it to Nicholas Stritch of Limerick for ^200; that he died 
on the 1st of May, 1621, leaving as heir his son SHEEDA, 
then aged 40 years, and that Sheeda had paid off Stritch's 
mortgage about thirty years ago ; finds that TuRLOGH 
O'Brien; being owner in 1602, of the castle, town and 
lands of BALLYMULCASHELL, Ardadullane, and Renneen, 
conveyed them, by Deed of that date, to Mahone Roe Mac- 
Namara of Mooghaun, and to Brian, son of Turlagh, as 
trustees for his own use, and after his death, for the use of 
his son Conor. 

Inquisition, taken at Ennis, on the 17th of May, 1627, 
finds that DANIEL O'BRIEN, being owner of CLOGHANN- 
BEG, mortgaged it to Dermot MacConsidine ; finds that 
Dermot Mac Cahane, being owner of Ballyoyv nan, 
conveyed it to Donogh Clancy, for a term of sixteen years, 
from October, 161 1, at the yearly rent of twelve pence; 
finds that said Dermot died in 1626, leaving as his heir his 
son Teige, and leaving Aney MacXamara his widow ; finds 
that John O'Molony owned part of KlLBOGGOON, and 
dying on the first of May, 1610, left as his heir, his son 
John, then of full age ; finds that TEIGE O'MOLONY owned 
another part of KlLBOGGOON, that he died in 1619, leaving 
his son Rory his heir-at-law ; finds that, in 15S7, CONOR 
OGE O'MOLONY, being then the owner of part of KlLBOG- 
GOON, died, and left as his heir, his son Hugh. 

Inquisition, taken at Castlebank, on the 31st of May, 
1^27, finds that TURLOGH MacMahon, being owner of 
CkaGIIERA, Cloonsnaghta, Ballyleaan, Cooga, Derrylea, and 
Shannacool, all in Killadysert parish, assigned them by 
deed of October, 1606, to John, son of Teige of Kiltyline, 
and to Christopher Curtin of Moyfadda, as trustees for the 
use of MAHONE his son, and of Joan his wife, and for their 

Inquisition, taken at Ennis, on the nth of September, 
1627, finds that Daniel O'Brien of Carrigaholt, 



conveyed his lands to Sir Edward FitzHarris of Killinane, 
county Limerick, Bart, and to Patrick Creagh of Moyarta, 
merchant, to enable them to raise a fine at Hilary Term, 
1 6th year of King James. 

Inquisition, taken at Sixmilebridge, on the 29th of 
April, 1628, before John Evans, finds that MAHONE 
O'RUDDANE was owner of ARDMACLANCY and Cloon- 
moniagh, and that he died on the first of August, 1627, 
leaving John his son, then aged forty, his heir-at-law. 

Inquisition, taken at Ennis, on the 8th of June, 1625, 
before John Evans, finds that Owen O'Caiiane died on the 
I st of October, 1621, being then owner of LlSLUINAGHAN 
and Lisdeen, and leaving these lands to his son Cahal or 
CHARLES O'Cahane ; finds that Cahal was aged 21 years, 
and unmarried. 

Inquisition, taken at Sixmilebridge, on the 10th of 
January, 1626, before John Evans, finds that MAHONE 
OGE MACNAMARA of COOLREAGH, owned Coolrcagh, 
Aughinish, Ballyvrogheran, Ballymulrony, Rahecnbeg, 
Cloonrush, Clounty, Carrowcor, and Annaghniell ; finds 
that he died on the 10th of April, 1580, leaving his mar- 
ried son CUVARRA, his heir. 

Inquisition, taken at Sixmilebridge, on the. 10th of 
January, 1625, finds that CONOR NA COILLE MACNAMARA 
was owner of BEALKELLY, Carrowena, Cloonty, and Gur- 
teenclena ; that he died on the 10th of January, 1605, 
leaving his son RORY, then married, as his heir. 

By an Inquisition, taken at the same place, and on the 
same day, it was found that JOHN MACNAMARA was owner 
of part of Ballymulrony, of Bealkelly, Annaghneal, 
Cloonty, Ballyruhly, of part of Aughinish called Cutteen, 
and of Carrowcor ; finds that said John died on the 31st of 
March, 1587, leaving as his heirs, according to the custom 
of gavelkind, his sons Donogh, Maccon, Shane, Hugh, and 
Daniel. The Inquisition describes the manner in which 
the lands were divided amongst the brothers. 


Inquisition, taken at the same time and place, finds that 
OWNEY O'LOGHLEN was owner of the castle and lands of 
Mi( KINISII ; of the castle and lands of Glancolumbkille ; 
of the castle and lands of Fahybeg and Fahymore ; of 
Slicvccarrin, Barrenfermallagh, Dangan, Ballyalliban, 
Errinagh, Coskeame, Faneygalvan, Mogouhy, and Cloon- 
stuhinc ; finds that he assigned certain of these lands, in 
trust, to Maurice Lynch and Boctius Clancy, for the use of 
Sir Valentine Blake, Bart, subject to redemption ; that he 
assigned other denominations to Constance O'Davoren, 
Owney Oge, and to Donogh, son of Ross O'Loghlen ; to 
Conor O'Gannon and Enis O'Gannon ; to Ross, son of 
Turlogh O'Loghlen ; to Mahone MacBrien of Cappagh, 
and to Dermot O'Grady ; finds that said Owney died on 
the 22nd of April, 1617, leaving as his co-heiresses 
-Margaret MacDermot alias Bourkc, and Mary O'Brien 
alias Bourke, now the wife of Donogh O'Brien, both these 
being daughters of Finola Bourke, alias O'Loghlen, who 
was daughter of Owney O'Loghlen, the grandfather of 
this Owney, now the subject of the present Inquisition. 
Another Inquisition, taken on the same day, at Sixmile- 
bridge, finds that MAHONE Oge MacGillareagh was 
owner of LAVALLY ; that he died on the 1st of May, 1622, 
leaving his son DONOGH, a minor, his heir. Another 
Inquisition, taken at the same place and on the same day, 
finds that Teige O'Brien of Ballymulcashel was 
owner of that townland, and of Ardadillane, and Renneen ; 
that he died on the 10th of February, 1585, leaving a son 
of full age named TURLOGH as his successor. Another 
Inquisition, taken' on the same day, finds that MURTAGH 
O'Brien was owner of TULLAGH, Ballymacdonnellbanc. 
Bullyhomulta, and Clooneymuldowny ; finds that he died on 
the [Oth of January, 1 593, leaving MURROGH his son and heir. 
Another Inquisition, taken on the same day, finds that 
MUkki igii O'Cashea was owner of LlSMORAIIAN, Tourelis, . 
Ballyganncr, Poulcoolickcy, and that he died on the 10th 


of May, 1623, leaving his son John, then of full age, his 
heir. Another Inquisition, taken the same day, finds that 
Daniel O'Shanny of Ballyshanny Castle, was owner 
of Cohy, Bally kheryn, and Caherminanebcg ; finds that, by 
levying a fine, in the tenth year of James I., he assigned his 
lands to Marcus Kirwan, James Kirwan, and Andrew Begg, 
in trust for his son Donogh ; finds that said Daniel died on 
the 19th of April, 1623, and that his said son DONOGH is now 
forty-four years of age. Another Inquisition, taken on the 
same cay, finds that MELAGHLIN O' Log H LIN* of GRAGANS, 
was owner of that place and of Glansleadc, Tonarussa, 
Oghterlane, Dangan, Cregavockoge, Gortanlivaun ; finds 
that Melaghlin conveyed these lands, subject to redemp- 
tion, by various Deeds, bearing date 1618, 19, 20, and 21, 
to the following persons, viz., Sir Valentine Blake, 
Oliver Martin, Murrogh O'Cashea, John Lynch, Turlogh 
O'Loghlen, Fineen FitzPatrick, and Mahone Mac Brian .; 
finds that he died on the last day of December, 1623, 
leaving as heir his son, OWNEY Oge, aged thirty years, 
and married. Another Inquisition, taken on the same 
day, finds that Thomas O'Cahill was owner of Carrow- 
KNIELLY ; of two stone houses and a garden in Baliyvick- 
lenan ; of Tiraghtbeg, Beagha, and Carrowvenagh ; that he 
assigned these to Donogh Maoel O'Cahill, to Dermot 
O'Cahill, to Daniel O'Cahill, and to Thomas Oge O'Cahill ; 
finds that said Thomas died on the first of March, 162 1, 
leaving as his heir, his relative Donogh O'Cahill. 

Inquisition, taken at Sixmilebridge, on the 3rd of 
April, 1626, before John Evans, finds that DONOGH MAC 
GlLLAREAGH was owner of Cloondrinagh, and of another 
denomination not legible in the original ; that he died on 
the 1st of March, 1615, leaving as his heir his son Richard, 
then aged eighteen years. By another Inquisition, taken 
at the same place, on the same day, it was found that 
CONOR REAGH Macnamara died on the 16th of Sep- 
tember, 1623, being owner of DKOMGUILE and Ballyhaffy 


(Ballycasey), and leaving as his heir, his son John, then of 
full age, and married. 

Inquisition, taken at Sixmilebridge, on 3rd of April, 
1626, finds that DANIEL MACSWEENEY owned Casek- 
NAGH, and that he died on the 15th of February, 1613, 
leaving his son DONOGH his heir. 

Inquisition, taken on the same day, finds that PATRICK 
FANNING died on the 1st of June, 1612, being then owner 
(holding in soccage from the Earl of Thomond), of BALLY- 
ARRILY (now Mount levers), and of Ballynevan, finds that 
Clement Fanning, now of full age, is his son and heir ; finds 
that said Clement assigned these lands to Thomas Bourke 
and Philip Garrett. 

Inquisition, taken at Ennis, on the same day, finds that 
Murtagh Cam MacMaHON was owner of Sheeaun, 
Knockbrack, and Lack ; that he devised these lands, in 
trust, to Scanlon MacGorman and Mahone MacMahon, by 
a Deed, dated 10th August, 1585, for the use of his son, 
Thomas MacMahon, then of full age; finds that said 
Murtagh died on the 10th of January, 1593. 

Inquisition, taken at Sixmilebridge, on the 13th of 
April, 1626, finds that DONOGH, SON OF Cuvea Mac 
Xamara, of Derrymore, owned Clogher, Knockbally- 
nahinshy, Lisbourney, Drcmirren, Cloondaloe, and Bally- 
vrogheran ; finds that he assigned these lands to Teige, son 
of Sheeda, and to Flann MacBrody, in trust for certain 
uses; finds that he died on the Sth of May, 1620, leaving 
his son John, then aged sixteen years, his heir. 

Inquisition, taken at Sixmilebridge, on the same day, 
owner of Lecarrow, Drinaun, and Rosslara, by Deed of 
1615, conveyed these lands in trust to Donogh O'Grady, 
and to Donogh son of John M'Xamara, for his own use 
and that of his wife Finola, and after their death to the use 
of his heirs; finds that he died on the 17th March, 1620, 
leaving J 01 IN his son and heir. 


Inquisition, taken on the same day, and at the same 
place, finds that DONOGH MACNAMARA was owner of the 
Castle and lands of BALLYNEVAN, and that he died on 
the 2nd of February, 1582, leaving his son SlIEEDA, then 
aged 23, his successor. 

Inquisition, taken at Sixmilebridge, on the 5th of June, 
1626, before John Evans, finds that the Earl ok Tiiomond, 
in the reign of King James I., made an exchange of lands 
with Donogh, son of CONOR O'Carmody, the Earl giving 
him the lands of CLONDRINAGH and Birrin, (parish of 

Inquisition, taken at Sixmilebridge, on the 29th of 
April, 1628, before John Evans, finds that MACCON Mac 
NAMARA was owner of portions of Aghenish, Rahcnabcg, 
Bealkelly, Cloonty, Annaghneill, and that he died on the 
20th of August, 1626, leaving JOHN his son and heir. 

Inquisition, taken on the same day, finds that CUVARRA 
MACNAMARA, OF COOLREAGH, was owner of part of 
Clogher ; of Quilty, Aghenish, and Rahenabeg ; finds that in 
1617, he vested these lands in his son John, and in Mahone, 
son of Donogh of Kilkishen ; and that he died on the 
23rd of August, 1626, leaving this John his heir. 

Inquisition, taken on the 25th of August, 1628, at Six- 
milebridge, finds that Brian, son of Cormack, son of 
TUMULTAGH (O'CONNOR?) was owner of Ballyvrannyn 
and Muneanagh, (parish of Clooney), and that he died on 
the 31st of July, 1627, leaving his son Owen his heir. 

By another Inquisition, taken on the same day, it was 
found that Nicholas Comyn was owner of Ballyvrislane, 
Ballyvorda, Ballyheean (parish of Kilmacrcehy), and that 
he died on the 10th of August, 1625, leaving his son JAMES, 
who was of full age, his heir-at-law. 

Inquisition, taken at Ennis, on the 14th of October, 
1628, before John Evans, finds that Sir Turlogii O'Brien, 
Knt.,. being the owner, in 1620, of CROACII, Clonmartin, 
and Fcenagh (parish of Rathborney), devised same to his 


second son, Donogh O'Brien of Newtown, and to his 
heirs for ever. 

Inquisition, taken at Ennis, on the 13th of January, 
1629, finds that THOMAS MACXAMARA died on the 28th of 
July, 1620, leaving his son Fineen to succeed him; finds 
that Thomas, in 1619, had let the lands of KlLCORNAN, of 
which he was owner, to one Thomas Buxten for a term of 
fifteen years ; finds that Shecda and Mahone MacXamara 
laid claim to Kilcornan-as their property of right. 

Inquisition, taken at Ennis, on the 14th of April, 1630, 
finds that James ComvN was owner of the following lands 
in the parish of Kilmacreehy ; that he died on the 3rd of 
September, i62S,seizedofBALLYVRiSLAN, Bally vorda, Bally- 
phaudeen, Ballyhecan, and Lislorkan ; finds that by Deed 
of August, 1628, he conveyed these lands to Hugh, Andrew, 
and Patrick MacCurtin, as trustees, for certain uses ; finds 
that said James Comyn left as his heir, his son James, then 
a minor. 

Inquisition, taken at Ennis, on the 7th of August, 1630, 
finds that Donogh, Cuvarra, Clwea, and Donald 
MacXamara, about thirty years ago, were seized of the 
lands of Kilbarron, Ranagh, and Manegullin ; finds that 
their relative, Donald, is their heir, he being the son of 
Donogh, son of Daniel, who was the son of Donogh, above- 
mentioned ; finds that young Donald is a ward of the 
king, he being now only four years of age. 

Inquisition, taken at Ennis, on the same day, before 
Philip PercivaL finds that CONOR O'BRIEN, being owner of 
Raxaghan, Turmulmoney, and Garvillaun, conveyed them, 
in the time of Queen Elizabeth, to Robert Burnell, who 
afterwards devised them to James Burnell. 

Inquisition, taken at Ennis, on the same day, finds that 
Henry VIII. had, by Letters Patent, granted in fee-simple 
to Sir Donogh O Grady, Knight, amongst other lands, 
those of FOSSAMORE, Cloonuskcr, and Kiltullagh. By 
virtue of this grant, Sir Donogh, about seventy years ago, 


was in possession of these denominations ; finds that JOHN 
O'GRADY, yet living, is his son and heir ; finds that said 
John, after his father's death, and in the time of the late 
Queen Elizabeth, assigned these lands to the Right Rev. 
Hugh Brady, late Bishop of Meath, and to the bishop's 
heirs j 1 finds that the Queen, by Letters Patent of the ist 
of August, in the 24th year of her reign, conferred these 
lands on the bishop and his heirs in free soccage ; finds 
that this prelate died about forty years since, leaving as his 
heir his son, Luke Brady, whose death occurred about 
eighteen years ago. Luke's heir was his son, Luke junior. 
This Luke junior, about seven years ago, assigned back to 
Donogh O'Grady, son and heir of the above John, the 
townlands above mentioned. About six years since, John 
O'Grady, being thus owner, conveyed to Donogh, late 
Earl of Thomond, the lands of Kiltullagh. 

Inquisition, of the same day, finds that EDMOND Roe 
MacSweeny was owner of Derryuaddane ; that he died 
on the 20th of May, 1625, leaving as his heir, his son Tur- 
logh, then aged fifteen years. 

Inquisition, of the same day, finds that MuRROGH, 
SON OF TURLOGH O'BRIEN, was the owner of BALLY- 
KINCURRA (near Corofin), Maghera, and Coiltabrack, and 
that he died on the 8th of August, 1622, leaving his son, 
TURLOGH, his heir. 

Inquisition, taken the same day, finds that TURLOGH 
ROE MacMahon, being owner of the following lands, viz., 
KlLKERIX, Cloonarass, and Knockphutteen, mortgaged 
them to Stephen Stritch,by Deed of May, 1625 ; he also, by 
Deed of February, 1627, mortgaged to James Bourke of 
Limerick, the following lands, viz., Dangan, 2 Colemans- 

a Hugh Brady, bishop of Meath, Hugh O'Brady were brothers. The 

was born at Uunboyne, in that county, first-named was the ancestor of the 

and was buried in the church of the O'GradysufKilbailvowen, while from 

the same place, in 15S4, after presiding the bishop were descended the Bradys 

over the see of Meath lor twenty years. of Raheens. 

— Ware's Bishop. -Called after this Bourke, Dangan- 

John O'Grady and the Right Rev. ui-Bourke. 


town, Ballinacally, Coolsuppeen, Coolneslie, Knockroe, Bal- 
lymulchure, Ballyogan, Balltna, Cloonkcrry, and Ballygeery; 
by Deed bearing date the fifteenth year of King James I. 
he conveyed to his second son, Brian MacMahon, and 
to his heirs male, the subjoined lands, viz., Knockalehid, 
Cloonakilla, Ballynageragh, Lack, Leamnalaha, Brcaghva, 
Fahyvickonirick, Binvorrane, Crossbeg, Crossmorc, Derry- 
crossane Castle and Town, Lack in Kilmihil, Cloonakilla, 
Knockmore, Ballydunneen, also in Kilmihil ; Coolrcade, and 
Coolnayne. The Inquisition finds further, that TURLOGH 
ROE died on the 9th of June, 1629, leaving his eldest son, 
Sir Teige MacMahon, Baronet, then of full age, his 
heir-at-law ; and leaving, besides the lands given as above 
to his second son, the undermentioned denominations : 
Clonderalaw Castle and lands, Liskilloge, Cloonfurihis, 
Knappoge, Ballynamwcel, Cloonkarkaire, -Derrygeeha, 
Carrowbane, Barrane. Killcenmore, and Kilmorc. It also 
finds that Turlogh Roe, in November, 161 7, demised to 
Andrew White and Michael White, the old Court of Bally- 
macrinan, the lands of Kilmurry and Cloncarcar, Temple- 
maoel, and Ballymulcaire, for terms of years. It finds 
furthermore, that Sir Teige MacMahon,, on the 
24th of July, 1629, mortgaged the lands of Carrowbane to 
Daniel O'Kealy, and the lands of Burren and Kilmurry to 
Turlogh, son of Brian Roe MacMahon. 

Inquisition, taken on the same day, finds that GEORGE 
Cusack, being owner of AUGHRIM, mortgaged it to Conor 
and Daniel O'Maoelan, by Deed of November, 1592 ; finds 
that George Cusack died on the 20th of January, 1599, 
leaving his nephew, Richard Cusack, his heir-at-law, and 
his widow, Catherine Handcock him surviving. 

Inquisition, taken on the same day, finds that MUR- 
TAGH MacMahon, who died about twenty years ago, 
was owner of Carrigerry and of lands in Tuath-na- 
Farnan (Kiladysert) ; that he left a son named Teige, then 
aged eighteen years, as his heir. 


Inquisition of the same day, finds that TEIGE Roe 
MacMahON, owner of DERRYCROSSANE, died on the 20th 
of June, 1624, leaving as successor his son, MURROGH. 

Inquisition of the same day, finds that THOMAS 
O'CLOGHESSY was owner of BALLYNAGLERAGH ; that he 
died in 1582, leaving his son, Art, to succeed him; finds 
that in 161 8, Art gave in exchange, the lands of Ballyna- 
gleragh to Turlogh MacMahon, for those of Lissanair, 
parish of Kilmihil. 

Inquisition, taken- at Ennis, on the 27th of January, 
1630, finds that Turlogh O'Brien mortgaged the lands 
of Kilsiianny to Henry Blake of Galway, by Deed bear- 
ing date 1629. 

Inquisition, taken on the 18th of April, 1630, at Ennis, 
by John Evans, finds that John and Cuvarra Mac 
Namara mortgaged the following lands to Sir John Mac 
Namara, Knight, viz., Coolreaghmore, Croghcrine, Drom- 
scare, otherwise Liscockboe ; Ouilty, Aghinish, otherwise 
Poulnaspike ; finds that, by Deed of 1617, they conveyed 
certain lands to Mahone, son of Donogh MacNamara, of 
Kilkishen ; finds that the aforesaid John pledged his part 
of Cloonty, Coolreagh, and Bealkelly to Thomas Nash, 
Esq., for £8 sterling ; finds that said John died in January, 
1630, leaving Mahone his son and heir. 

Inquisition, of the same date, finds that DONOGH, LATE 
EARL OF Thomond, conveyed, in 161 8, to Maurice Mul- 
conrey and his heirs, the ruined castle, and lands of CUL- 
LANE, with the lands of Ratiilube. 

Inquisition, of the same date, finds that THOMAS Mac 
GORMAN, by Deed of November, 1623, demised the lands of 
DROMDIGUS to Henry Thornton and Daniel Molony, in trust 
for his own use, with remainder to his son Thomas, and 
to his heirs male ; finds that said Thomas MacGorman, 
being owner of TULLYCRINE, conveyed it, in trust, to 
Thomas, son of Murtagh MacMahon, of Inchygrcen and 
Teige O'Kcllyof Carrowbane,for certain uses ; finds that said 


Thomas died in 1630, leaving Thomas his son and heir, 
then a married man. 

Inquisition, taken on the same day, finds that TllOMAS, 
SON OF MURTAGH MacMaHON, being owner of SHEEN 
and Knockbrack, demised same, in 161 1, to Teige Roe 
MacMahon and Conor Roe MacMahon, of Mooghaun, in 
trust for his own use, with remainder to his son Murtagh ; 
finds that the same Thomas, being owner of Knockalough 
and Knockmore, conveyed these, by Deed of 162 1, to his 
son Murtagh, in trust for the use of himself, of his son, 
and of his son's wife More, and of their descendants. 

Inquisition, taken at Sixmilcbridge, on the 20th of 
October, 1630, before John Evans, finds that MURTAGH 
ROE MACGlLLISAGHTA (Lysaght), was owner of BALLY- 
BREEN near Kilfenora, at the time of his death, about fifty 
years ago; finds that Conor Lysaght, then of full age, was 
his son and heir. 

Inquisition, taken on the same day, finds that TEIGE 
MACGORMAN died on the 6th of May, 1624, being then 
owner of TULLYCRINE, and leaving as his successor his 
son, DONALD, then aged twenty-two years. 

Inquisition, taken at Ennis, on the 17th of January, 
163 1, finds that TEIGE MACNAMARA, being owner, in 1629, 
of Knockbeiia (Feakle), mortgaged same to Flan Mac 
Brody, of Moynoe. 

Inquisition, taken on the same day, finds that JOHN 
Evans, by Deed of August last, mortgaged to Edmond 
ROCHE the lands of LlSCREAGH, Kilvealkelly, Gortnas- 
kelihcr, Gortdrislagh, and Carrowncany. 

Inquisition, taken on the same day, finds that SlR 
I.) will O'Brien mortgaged, in 1626, to Dcrmot Mac 
Considinc, the lands of LEITRIM. 

Same Inquisition finds that CONOR Oge, son of 
Edmond O'Logiilen, died on the 19th of December 
last, being owner of FANNEIIONNE and Shcshodonncll 
(Carron), and leaving his son MURTAGH to succeed him. 


Finds that SIR JOHN MACNAMARA, in 1622, mortgaged 
RICK, and the lands of KlLLURAN to James Arthur, 
of Limerick, for £200. 

Finds that DOXOGH O'NEYLAX, being owner of the 
following lands, died on the 10th of August, 1600, viz., 
KlLCARRAGH, Cohy, Moymore, Lickeen, Coolpccaun, 
Rannagh, Carrowbloagh, Kilaspuglonane ; finds that 
William O'Xeylax, then aged twenty-one years, and 
married, was his son and heir. 

Finds that " COXSTAXTIUS'" CLANCY was owner of 
KlLLOXAGHAX, Knockaskeheen, and Corrurip, and that 
he died in April last, leaving his son, DANIEL, of full age, 
his heir. 

Inquisition, taken at Ennis, on the 22nd of October, 
1634, before John Evans, finds that DERMOT, SOX OF 
Clontra, Shawvogh, and Gortnaglogh ; that he died on the 
last day of October, 1619, leaving his brother, RlAHONE, 
his heir; finds that Mahone, in 1628, mortgaged these 
lands to Thomas FitzDomixick Arthur, of Limerick. 

Inquisition, taken at Ennis, on the 20th of April, 163 1, 
before John Evans, finds that TEIGE, SOX OF DOXALD 
MacNamara, of Garruragh, by deed of 1628, conveyed 
to Teige, son of Donogh MacXamara, of Lecarrow, the 
lands of Lecarrowbeg and Drumcharly. 

Finds that CORMACK O'CAHILL mortgaged, in 1628, 
the lands of BALLYMACKLENAN, to Daniel O'Brien of 

Finds that MAHOXE Mac GillaPatrick (FitzPatrick), 
being owner in 1608, of the following lands, conveyed them 
to John, son of Teige, son of Donald Maoel (MacXamara), 
of Ballykelly, in trust, for the use of Mahone son of 
Dermot FitzPatrick and his heirs male, and in default of 
such to Teige, son of Dermot FitzPatrick, with remainder 
to Conor son of Dermot : finds that said Mahone died in 


16 1 9. The lands thus settled were Cappanavarnoge, 
Cooltinamagawan,' Lakyle, Coolyore, Rusheen, Droma- 
nettan, Ballyvoghan, Clankennedy, (parish of Killadysert). 

Inquisition, taken at Ennis, on the 22nd of October, 
1634. before William Brigdall and John Evans, finds that 
DERMOT, SON OF Sheeda MacXamara was owner of 
the castle and lands of Bovnagh ; finds that he died in 
October, 16 14, leaving his son 0\VEN, then of full age, to 
succeed him. 

Inquisition, taken at Ennis, on the 20th of April, 1631, 
before John Evans, finds that DONOGII O'Carmodv 
mortgaged the lands of CLANDRINAGH to Sir Daniel 
O'Brien, and that Carmody died in 1530, leaving his son 
JAMES his heir-at-law. 

Finds that Thomas Liath O'Cahill mortgaged, in 
1628, part of the lands of Ballyvicklennan to Maoel- 
murry MacSweeny of Kilballyowen ; finds that the other 
part was mortgaged to Sir Daniel O'Brien, of Dough, by 
Cormack, son of Daniel O'Cahill. 

Finds that JOHN O'Grady, in his lifetime, was seized of 
the lands of FOSSAMORE and Fossabeg, of Capparoe, Kil- 
feilim, Tullery, Knocknagleragh, and Kilgobban ; finds 
that his son DONOGH, of full age, at the time of his death, 
in 163 1, became his heir; finds that his widow, Catherine 
Bourke, now survives him ; finds that Donogh O'Grady, 
joined by Tiege, son of Mahone Roe, and by Conor, son of 
Mahone Roe, of Mooghane, conveyed, by deed of 1620, 
certain of the above lands to John MacXamara, of Dangan- 
brack, and to Donogh, son of Donald MacXamara, cf 

Inquisition of 4th of October 163 1, taken at Ennis, 
before Boctius Clancy and John Evans, finds that TEIGE 
MacXamaua, of Ardclonev, in consideration of the sum 
of,/ So, by Deed of April, 1630, mortgaged that townland 
to S;r Daniel O'Brien for one thousand years, subject to 
certain conditiona 


Finds that DONOGH MacSweeney was owner of 
CASHERNA in 1629, and that he joined himself with his 
son, DONALD, in a mortgage deed conveying that place to 
Andrew White, of Limerick, Merchant, for a term of 
ninety-nine years ; finds that said Donogh died two years 
ago, viz., in 1629. 

Finds that DONOGH O'Loghlen conveyed the lands of 
MOYGOWNA, parish of Carron, to his son Brian O'Loghlen. 

Finds that John, son of Rory, son of MacAodii 
SlLLA, of Carrowreagh, died On the 17th of April, .... 
leaving his son Hugh to succeed him. 

Inquisition, taken on the 22nd of April, 1632, at Ennis, 
finds that Turlagh O'Brien, of Tullaghmore, being 
owner of Ballytarsna, sold it to Henry Blake, of Galway, 

Inquisition, taken on the 14th of August, 1632, at Ennis, 
before Henry Harte, finds that Sir John MacNamara, 
Knt., was owner of Mountallon, Commons, Coolistoonan, 
Cloonconrymore, Formoyle, Claromyre, Killeagy, Crag, 
Carrowgar, Castlelough, Cloongaheen, Moyfinne, Cappala- 
heen, Lahardaun, Caumcloyne, Liscullaun, Liscackboe, and 
Drumcharley ; of the castle and parcels of land called Roin 
MacNamara; of Moonageenagh, Clonlea, and Killycully; 
finds that he mortgaged to John Fanning, for £100, the lands 
of Cloonaleary, Ballynaglogh, Ardskha, and Gorteenaneelig; 
that he mortgaged, for £60, part of the Cuolaghs ; that he 
was owner of Kilsillane, alias Ballyquely, Clashduff, Drum- 
sillagh, Outerush, Ballynagleragh, Carrowroe, Kilboggoon, 
Fortanebegg, Hurdlestown, Kilacaslanc, Shanvoih, Pilanena, 
Leaghort, Ballymacdonncll, Castleoghoe, and Doonvic- 
namara ; that he enjoyed the right to hold fairs each year, 
one at the Feast of St. Martin, the other at the Feast of St. 
Bernard, and a market also, in March, at Broadford ; 1 that 
he possessed the right of Court Lcct and Court Baron, as 
of his manor of Mountallon ; finds that, by Indenture of the 

1 The original is here somewhat defaced. 



nth of November, 1623, 1 Sir John constituted Dominick 
Sarsfield Viscount Kilmallock, Boetius Clanc)'of Knockfinn, 
John MacNamara of Danganbrack, and David O'Shaugh- 
nessy of Dysert, trustees for certain purposes expressed 
therein, viz., for his own use, and for the use of Jennett, his 
wife, during their lives, with certain remainders ; finds that 
he made a will on the iSth of May, 1632, and died on the 
same day without an heir male, but leaving as heir and 
next-of-kin, his nephew Teige, of Ardcloney, of full age. • 

Inquisition, taken at Sixmilcbridge, on the 23rd of 
September, 1633, finds that Maiione, Sox of DONAGH 
MACNAMARA OF KlLKISHEN, was owner also of Tecronea, 
commonly called Curragh Keittemore, Maoclahin, Drom- 
min-a-nairagh, Skehana, Cullinagh, and Ouin; that he died 
on the 26th of February, 1632, leaving his son Donogh, 
then married, as his heir ; finds that said Mahone, twenty 
years ago, demised the lands of Ballyncvan to Teige, son 
of John MacNamara, at the yearly rent of twelvcpence ; 
finds that the above-named Donagh was owner also of 
Lehardan, Ballykally, called Knockacloggeen, Clanrory, and 
that he assigned them to his second son, John, eighteen years 
ago; finds that Fineen MacNamara, of Kilcornan, son of the 
late Thomas MacNamara, of the same place, being a Ward 
of the King, claims part of Teeronea, called Calluragh. 

Inquisition, taken at Sixmilebridge, on the 28th of 
March, 1633, before Philip Percival, finds that SllEEDA 
MacNamara, of Moyna-an-genagii, died thirty years 
ago, leaving Teige his son and heir. 

Inquisition of the same date, finds that DONOGH, SON 
of Maiione MacNamara of the Derry, was owner of 
Dcnyanlangfort, Cloghcrry, and Truogh, and that he died 
five years previously, leaving his son, MAIIONE, his heir. 

1 An >ther Inquisition gives the date lock, Sir Roger O'Shaughnessy of 

..f another Deed, viz., of the 10th of Gort, Sir Roland Delahoyde of Fo- 

December, 1621, by which Sir John merla, and John, son of Donagh 

made a settlement of his estates, and MacNamara of Danganbrack. 
appointed as trustees Lord Kdmal- 


Inquisition of the same date, finds that Conor O'Brien 
OF BALLYPORTREY died on the 20th of March, 16 14, 
leaving a son, Teige, then aged 17, his heir-at-law. This 
Teige, fourteen years ago, exchanged the lands of Bally- 
portrey for those of Ballymurphy, with the Earl of Tho- 
mond. Ballymurphy is now held by Donogh O'Brien, of 

Inquisition of the same date, finds that JOHN NEYLAN 
died on the 10th of May, 162 1, being owner of the lands of 
BALLYMACAHILL, Knockane, and Cappagh, (Kilraghtis,) 
and leaving as his successor his son, Redmond Neylan. 

Inquisition of the same date, finds that the late EARL OF 
THOMOND, twenty-five years ago, gave the lands of BALLY- 
LIDDANE to Simon Morris in exchange for the lands of 
Kilnagalliagh, in the barony of Moyarta ; finds that Simon 
died, and was succeeded by his son James ; finds that 
James died on the 28th of September, 1632, leaving Bryan, 
his son, aged seventeen years, as his successor ; finds that 
Honoria O'Brien is the widow of James, and is now sur- 

Inquisition, taken the 23rd of September, 1633, finds 
that John MacNamara Finn, otherwise called The 
MacNamara FINN, late of Knoppoge and Dangan-i-viggin, 
was owner, in his lifetime, of the tolls and customs of Ouin; 
of the garden and water-mill at Quin ; of the castle and 
lands of Cratloe Maoel ; of Garryncurra, Carrowancloghaun, 
Ballymorris, Mausnarylaan, Ballymulchanna, and Feagh- 
quin ; finds that he assigned these lands to Sheeda Cam 
MacNamara, and to Geoffrey O'Mulqueeny, for certain 
uses ; finds that he owned likewise the lands of Xeven- 
naghane, Ballyogan, Cappagh, Ballycroghane, Gurteen, 
Dromolloghdane, Beallaghbuy, Drishane, Cloonellishane, 
Knockavally, Knocknaghlashy, Cullinagh, and Gortdro- 
mencen ; finds that he assigned these, by Deed of 10th 
January, 1601, to Brier, (sic.) Macnamara for certain uses ; 
finds that he was ov\ ner of the following lands also, viz., 


Coolbanny, Gortroughane, Gortedorris, Yearagh, Bally, 
roughan, Drumullanmore, and beg, Glan-muinter-Moloncy. 
otherwise called Carrowgar ; and that he assigned these, on 
the 1 2th of June, 1 601, to John Oge MacNamara for certain 
uses ; finds that he was owner of the castle and lands of 
Castletownmocroisc, Knockacassane, Kilfeilim, Knockarda- 
vurrihy, Knockbrack, Cragbwec, Ballyogan, Bcarnankilleen, 
Edankeeve, and that by deed of 8th of November, 1601, he 
assigned them to Tcigc MacNamara for certain uses ; finds 
that the said John MacNamara Finn died on the 20th of 
January, 1602, leaving Donald MacNamara, his eldest son, 
then of full age, as his heir. 

Inquisition, taken at Ennis, on the 22nd of October, 
1634, before William Brigdall, finds that CONOR, SON OF 
Rory KlSILLA, l died in December, 1633, being then 
owner of Carrowreagh, in Aghcloghane ; finds that his suc- 
cessor was John Kisilla, his eldest son, then aged seventeen 

Inquisition, taken at Ennis, on the same day, before John 
Evans, finds that Rickard MacGillareagh, late of 
CLOONDRINAGH, was owner likewise of Cloonborna ; that 
he died on the 1st of August, 1634, leaving Mahone his son 
and heir, then aged nine years, and leaving his widow, 
Johanna Considine, surviving him. 

Inquisition, 2 taken at Ballinahinch, on the 8th of Janu- 
ary* l6 35» before Sir Richard Southwell, Knt, and others, 
by the oaths of good and lawful men, finds that, since the 
24th of March, 1630, and 10th of December in that year, 
TURLOGH O'Brien, Esq., now Sheriff of the county of 
Clare, grantee of the wardship and marriage of Daniel 
MacNamara of Ballinahinch, and lessee of his lands 
during his minority, hath suffered to fall down, a kitchen, a 
stable of cooples, a bakehouse, four other cooplcs houses 
of. timber, standing upon Ballinahinch, being part of the 

1 This name must be erroneously 2 This Inquisition is in Engl^h. 




Ward's inheritance ; we find that he hath suffered to .fall 
down the mill of Ballinahinch, and its darn, to be broken ; 
we find that, since the 20th of February, 1631, Teige Mac- 
Namara's tenants did challenge part of the mountains of 
Monagullin which, since the said Turlogh's lease, was in the 
said Ward's possession, and controversy about it, but no 
possession lost ; and that the said Turlogh O'Brien, since 
the said 20th of February, hath suffered wastes to be done 
on the woods of the said Ward, in Monagullcn and Kilbar- 
ron, in manner following, viz. :— five great oakcs cut down, 
some for making Irish hutches, which were sould in the 
county of Galway, others for boards, and six-and-thirty 
pieces of timber for rafters, sold to Pierce Crcagh of 
Limerick, cut by Gilladuff O'Mullowney, whether with 
Turlogh's licence or noe we know not ; and also tim- 
ber cut for building a house for the said Gilladuff O'Mul- 
lowney of three couples ; and forty ash trees cut, carried 
away, and burned by the tenants of said Turlogh, and 
one hundred oak saplings cut down and lying upon the 
ground, for what use we know not ; and that a great part of 
the woods of Monogullen were wasted since the 20th of 
February, 163 1, by said Turlogh O'Brien and his tenants ; 
that since the same day, he hath allowed the mill at Rana- 
hane, part d{ the said lands of Monagullen, to fall down ; 
and that four timber houses, with couples, were allowed to 
fall down on the lands of Kilbarron and Monogullen ; that 
Donald MacXamara, his Majesty's Ward hath, since the 
20th of March, 1626, usually gone to Mass, till within five 
weeks before Christmas last, since which time he hath gone 
to Church. 

Inquisition, taken at Ennis, on the 16th of October, 
1635, before Boetius Clancy, finds that GlLLADUFF O'MUL- 
LOWNEY of Glendrcc, died in 1633, leaving his son Conor 
to succeed him; finds that William Xevlan of Cloo- 
neene Inchicronan, died nine years ago, leaving his son 
John, of full age, to succeed him. 


Finds that ROBERT BURNELL of Ranaghan, (parish of 
Ruan), was owner also of Garvillane, Tcermulmoney, Bally- 
oganmore, Ballyoganbeg ; and that, by Deed of 20th of 
September, 1598, he conveyed these lands to George 
Cusack of Dromoland, and Roland Dclahoyde of Fomerla ; 
finds that, for the consideration of one hundred marks, -they, 
by Deed of 1st October 159S, re-conveyed them to Burnell, 
to his own use, and to the use of his son and heir, Patrick 
Burnell; finds that Robert Burnell died on the nth of 
May last past, leaving his said son Patrick, now of full age, 
his heir. 

Inquisition, taken at Ennis, on the 12th of April 1636, 
before Boetius Clancy, finds that DoNOGH LATE Earl of 
THOMOND, being owner in fee of Danganbrack and Cree- 
vagh, exchanged these lands, in the reign of King James, 
with John, son of Donogh MacNamara, for the three town- 
lands of Cappagh near Sixmilebridge ; finds that said John, 
being then seized of Danganbrack, conveyed it, by deed 
of 26th March 1629, to William Brickdall, Donogh Clancy, 
Thomas Stritch, and Pierce Arthur for certain uses; finds 
that said John died on the 6th of August 1635, and that his 
eldest daughter, Margaret, was married to Thomas Arthur. 

Finds that Teige, son of John MacNamara of 
CASTLETOWN MUCKERISH was, in his lifetime, seized of 
one half of the castle and town of that name, together with 
certain stone houses and lands adjoining, viz. : — of Lisaneire. 
Kilfeilim, Knockaluskraun, Durla, Knockanoura, and Kil- 
lian ; finds that by deed of 13th Feb. 1634, he, for the 
consideration of ^200, and for other causes, conveyed these 
lands to his grandson, Teige, son of Daniel MacNamara ; 
finds that he died on the 13th March, 1634. 

Finds that John Neylan of Ballvmacaiiill, was, in 
his lifetime, owner of Drumgranagh, Knockancan, Cloona- 
wee, in addition to those lands set forth in the Inquisition m 
taken at Sixmilebridge on the 28th of March, 1635- 



was, by virtue of a mortgage, the owner of part of Glcndree 
called Gurteen, of Cappa-nal-umurria, Rcscarteen, and Bal- 
lycrome ; finds that he died on the 2nd of January, 162S, 
leaving as his successor, his son Daniel. 

Finds that Sir Rowland Delaiioyde, Knt., being 
owner OF TYREDAGH, Keilshannahie, Knocknadilstic, 
Knockdrumfiernen, Cloonaleary, Knockadirdaoue, Gur- 
teennaguppoge, and Affick, conveyed these lands to Oliver 
Delahoydc, on certain conditions ; finds that Oliver mort- 
gaged Afifick to Walter Taylor of Dangarie (or ^130. 

Inquisition, taken on the 5th of October 1536, before 
William Brickdall, at Ennis, finds that Thomas Arthur, 
being owner of Gortnalogh, Kylecloontra, and Knockshanvo, 
parish of Kilseily, died on the 25th March, 1635, and that 
. . . Arthur is his son and heir. 

Finds that Alderman James Galwey, and his son 
Geoffrey Galwey of Limerick, being owners of the 
castle and lands of Truogh, conveyed these lands to Thomas 
Burke of Coolyhcnan, near Limerick, for certain uses speci- 
fied in a Deed of the 19th of May, 1602 ; finds that said 
Geoffrey was owner of Inishmacowney, under the Earl of 
Thomond, and being joined in a Deed, bearing date the 19th 
of March, 16.21, by Pierce Creagh, burgess, Richard Galwey, 
merchant, Nicholas Stritch Fitz Bartholomew, and Andrew 
Comyn, merchant, all of Limerick, by Dermot MacTei^e 
of Truogh, county Limerick, and by James Comyn of 
Doonbeg, county Clare, conveyed that Island to William 
Stritch and John Roche of Limerick, for certain uses ; finds 
that said Geoffrey, being seized of the lands of Ing East, 
demised them, by his will, to Alderman Dominick White 
and James Fox of Limerick ; finds that the aforesaid 
Geoffrey, by virtue of a mortgage made to him by 
Sir John MacXamara, Knt., was owner of the townland 
of Cloonshecrea ; finds that he died on the 2nd of 
April, 1636, leaving his grandson. Sir Geoffrey Gahvey, 
Bart, aged 19 years, his heir; finds that Teige and 


Mahone MacNamara lay claim to the lands of Ing as 
being theirs of right. 

Inquisition, taken at Ennis, before Boetius Clancy, 
on the 5th of April, 1637, finds that Daniel Crom 
O'Cloghessy, late of Ballinagleragii and Lissea, died 
on the 28th of September, 1636, leaving as his co-heiresses 
Murrcn and Honoria, both infants; finds that during his life, 
he had demised these lands for short terms of years, and for 
certain rents, to Stephen and Vincent Creagh, merchants, of 

Inquisition, taken at Ennis on the 18th of April, 1637, 
before Boetius Clancy, finds that SCANLAN, SON OF 
MAHONE MacGorman, was owner of the hall, courtyard, 
and of two bedchambers, in the castle of Cahcrmurphy ; 
of part of the lands of Ardgowney, Barnanard, Kilcaher- 
murphy, Cloggagh, and Knockeanville, all these being sub- 
denominations of Cahermurphy ; finds that by Deed of 
October, 1623, said Scanlan conveyed these lands to Teige 
MacBrody of Knockmalboy for the use of Thomas Mac 
Gorman, his son ; finds that this Thomas died, on the 20th 
of December, 1635, leaving Daniel, his son, then aged 15 
years, surviving him. 

Finds that Thomas, son of Art O'Ceoghessy of 
LlSSANAIR, conveyed these lands by Deed of June 1629, 
to Mahone MacEncarriga of Cloghaneinchy in mortgage 
for £60. 

Inquisition, taken same day at Ennis, before Sir Roland 
Delahoyde, finds that Conor Clancy of Kildima, parish 
of Kilfearagh, died in 1625, leaving a son Hugh as his 

Finds that Teige O'Mullowney, son of Daniel Finn, 
owner of part of Glendree and its sub-denominations, died 
on the 17th of November, 1633, leaving his son and heir 
Donogh, then aged eighteen years, to succeed him. 

Finds that Donogh Roe MacNamara of Ballynac- 
LERAGH, died, leaving his son Tci<jc as his heir-at-law. 


Finds that JOHN MacNamara OF COOLREAGII, being 
owner of that place and of other lands set forth in a former 
Inquisition, died on the 16th of January, 1629 leaving his 
son Mahone, then aged thirteen years, his heir, and leaving 
a widow, Honoria, since married to Brian, son of Turlogh 
MacMahon, of Ballyvorrie. 

Inquisition, taken at Ennis, before Conor Clancy, after 
reciting, at great length, the lands granted to the Barons 
of Inchiquin, finds that DERMOT Lord INCIIIQUIN, granted, 
in 1 62 1, the lands of Ballymackeogh to Donogh O'Connor, 
and made the following grants in perpetuity in subsequent 
years : Tully, near Ballymackeogh, to Patrick Nestor ; the 
tithes of Clondagad, to Teige MacConsidine ; the tithes 
and Cappagarran, part of the abbey lands of Killonc, to 
Daniel and Donogh MacConsidine ; Attyslany and Car- 
rownamona, to Daniel MacNamara ; Cloonkilla, Gurtinbo- 
helan and Monagat, to Donogh Oge O'Conor ; Ballycar- 
rolan, to Teige O'Brien ; Caherblonick, to Thomas 1 

MacGorman ; Fanmore, to Loghlen Reagh O'Hehir ; 
Gavenballagh, to More O'Hehir; Knockanegilladu ff, to 
Dermot, Teige, Donogh, and Brian MacDonnell ; Bally- 
casheen, to Edmond O'Hogan, Melaghlen Oge O'Hehir, 
and Mahone MacConsidine ; Cahernahallia, to Murtagh 
MacConsidine.; Munnia, and certain other lands belonging 
to the abbey of Corcomroe, to Anthony Lynch, John 
Markham, and Geoffrey Lynch ; certain lands in the 
Termon of Killinaboy, called Clonlagan and Cappagh, to 
Turlogh Mac Sweeny ; the lands of . . . to Nehemiah 
Nestor ; Lackareagh, Killinaboy to Teige O'Dowyne; and 
Ballyvaghan, to John Lynch. The Inquisition further 
finds that Dermot, Baron of Inchiquin, died on the 29th 
of December, 1624, leaving Murrogh, then aged ten years, 
his eldest son and heir ; finds that during his lifetime, he 
gave the castle and lands of Shallee to Oliver Martin ; 
Ballylecany, to Andrew Brown of Galway ; Ballyharaghan, 
with its water mill, to James . . . ; Ballyvanen, to 


Philip Comyn ; and Ballyleckanny, to Daniel O'Dea. The 
Inquisition further finds, that the Bishop of Killaloe 
claims the church livings of Dromcliff, Dysert, Rath, and 
Killinaboy, together with the advowson of the Rectory of 
Inishcahy, alias Kilrush. 

Inquisition, taken at Ennis, on the 26th of September, 
1633, before John Davis, finds that SIR John MaC 
NaMARA. Knt., of MOUNTALLON, being the owner in fee 
of the following denominations, granted them, in perpetuity 
in consideration of certain sums of money, and for other 
considerations, to the undernamed persons : Ballymac- 
donnell, to James Hickey ; Killychilly, to John Fanning ; 
Kilagurteen, to Mahone Oge, son of John, son of Mahone 
MacXamara ; Clooncarhy, to John O'Mulconry ; Irigh, 
Aughinish, and part of Teerovannan, called Killeany, to 
same John O'Mulconry ; Killeagy and Shanaknock, to 
John, son of Loghlen MacXamara ; Gurtdromin, and 
Knocksflattye, to Teige, son of Hugh Cusack, (Maclsog) ; 
Cloghnageehy, to John Oge Cusack ; Gortadroma and 
Killeen, parish of Clonlea, to Patrick Morgan. 




Inquisition, taken at Sixmilebridge, on the 16th of 
October, 1656, before Henry Ingoldsby, Esq., by the oaths 
of good and lawful men, which say, that JAMES MARTIN, 
LATE OF CASTLEKEAL, near Newmarket-on-Fergus, 
merchant, being by birth a Dutchman, did, in the third 
year of the reign of Charles L, purchase a Charter of 
Denizenship for himself and his wife Eleanora, with power 
to acquire lands. They find that Martin employed 
Alderman Pierce Creagh fitz Andrew, member of Parliament 
for the city of Limerick, to procure his naturalization. 
Creagh deputed that duty to one Richard Parsons, another 
member of Parliament, and, by a letter received from 
Parsons, it was shown that application had been made to 
the committee to effect the desired object. The jury 
further find, that Martin, by Deed of 21st June, 1641, pur- 
chased from Conor Clancy, and Murtagh Clancy, late of 
Urlan,. gentlemen, for ^605 sterling, the following lands, 
viz. t Trian Urlan, Ranaghane, Trian MacVihill, Caher- 
migan, Camcorcagh, Gurtaneir, and Cahergall ; that Martin 
was to give to Conor Clancy and his heirs the milk of four 
cows yearly, a house and a garden in Tynanragh free ; and 
the sum of ,£20 a year was also promised to said Conor 
but that no writing existed to prove the last article of the 
agreement. They find that in November, 1639, Martin 
took a lease of 74 years, from the year 1648, from Donogh 
MacNamara, of Cratloe, gent., deceased, for the sum of 

£116, of the lands of , which had been already 

for many years in his possession as tenant thereof. 
They find, that Mahone Maclnerney, of Ballysallagh, gent, 


together with his feoffees, Donogh MacNamara of 
Kilkishen, and Donogh MacMahon of Clenagh, gents., by- 
Deed, dated 2nd April, 1635, in consideration of ^600, 
paid by Giles Bowdens, of Sixmilebridge, merchant, 1 did 
grant to the said Giles, for ever, the six quarters of land in 
East Ballysallagh, with conditions of redemption ; that the 
said Giles, being possessed of the premises, did, by Deed 
of assignment, bearing date the 10th of May, 1637, convey 
his interest in them to said James Martin, by virtue of 
which assignment Martin continued, to hold them until the 
rebellion of 1641 ; that John Maclnerney, and Mahone 
Maclnerney, of Ballykilty, gents., did, by statute staple 
defeazanced, acknowledge to owe to said James Martin, 
the sum of ,£44 yearly, until the sum of £330, lent by 
Martin to the Maclnerneys, together with interest at ten 
per cent, should be repaid ; that, in case of failure of pay- 
ment of this rent-charge, it should be lawful for the obligor 
to enter into the two ploughlands of Ballykilty, and the 
two mills thereon standing, and retain them until his claim 
should be satisfied ; that Dermot O'Brien, late of Dromore, 
did sell to Mahone Maclnerney, of Bernegghy, gent, 
the west half plough-land of Drominmuckilagh, in the 
barony of Islands, for the sum of ^,"80, with condition of 
redemption ; that all the said lands and mortgage by 
mesne assignment came to said James Martin ; that Shane 
ne Corkie (of the Corcass), Maclnerney, Thomas ne Corkie, 
and Mahone MacShane ne Corkie, all yeomen, of Bally- 
sallagh, did, by Deed of 10th June, 1624, in consideration 
of ^22 sterling, received by them from John M'Inerney, 
of Ballysallagh, gent., grant to the said John, for ever, the 
lands of Craganepad and Kiltyneskeha, in all the sixth part 
of a quarter of land in Ballysallagh, with condition of re- 
demption ; these lands, by mesne assignment, came to the 
said James Martin, and were by him possessed till the re- 
bellion ; they further find that, by bond under seal, Mahone 

a A family named Bowdy existed at Sixmilebridge until recent times. 


MacXamara, of Ballinouskney, acknowledged that he had 
mortgaged to said James Martin the half plough-land of 
west Ballysallagh, called Ranaghan Iragh, and Caher-i- 
grady, in consideration of £60 sterling, with power of re- 
demption, which lands were possessed by Martin up to 
the beginning of the rebellion ; that Edmond Maclnerney, 
of Caher-i-grady, mortgaged to said Martin, Corcaghlana, 
Rinelaheemore, and Ranaghan for the sum of .£25 6s., 
with condition of redemption ; the lands were occupied 
by Martin until the rebellion ; that Murtagh Finn Clancy 
did, by Deed of December, 1632, demise to Martin, for 
a term of thirty-one years, the plough-land of Kilma- 
lee'ry, at the yearly rent of £,\o 10s. ; this he held up to 
the date of the rebellion ; that said Martin was, in his life- 
time, possessed of the lands of Island-mac-Xevin, and 
another parcel of the Earl of Thomond's estate called Cor- 
caghreagh, by lease long since expired ; that being in his 
lifetime, and until the beginning of the rebellion, possessed 
of all the said lands, by virtue of the several interests here 
recited, he was forced away and compelled to leave the 
said lands to Dermot O'Brien, Donogh MacXamara, 
Conor Clancy, and Mahone Maclnerney, on condition 
that they would redeliver them to him, upon payment 
by him, of five shillings to any one of them ; that he soon 
after, i.e. in 1642, died, leaving his property in the posses- 
sion of these men, who continued to hold it until the 
county was reduced to English obedience. Then, under 
the Act of Settlement, part of it — to wit, the half of east 
Ballysallagh, called Craganpadrine, was granted to Colonel 
Henry Ingoldsby, and he was to become owner from May, 
1665. The lands of Kilmaleery and Drominemuckalagh 

That all the rest of the premises, except 

Island-mac-X'evin and Corcaghriagh, are now possessed by 
Thomas Field, of Castlekeale, and those under him, by 

virtue of an unto him granted .... the 

goods and chattels of the said James Martin, and that all 


the premises are worth £60 sterling yearly above all 
charges. 1 

Inquisition, taken at Ennis, on the 2 1st of January, in 

the second year of the reign of James II., finds that 
THOMAS WALLCOTT was attainted of treason on the 12th 
of July, 1683 ; that he was then owner in fee of ten acres 
of Ballyhumulta, as well as of the following lands, viz. : 
Ballingetcll, alias Cluomcrarh, Coiltebrack, Lismacteige, 
Craginarroe, Cahirigone, Lislarky, Turlogh, Ballyganner, 
Nohoval, Graffin, Calicrmacenoghty, Lissylishecn, Turlogh, 
Tarmonbcg, Declin, Dcesunnorc, Ballylymore, Knocke- 
callynane, Relctebrack, Ballycuvcham, Kilneglashy, and 


Inquisition, taken at Ennis, in the sixth year of 
William and Mary, before Daniel O'Brien, Esquire, finds 
that James FITZGERALD was charged with high treason 
in the year 1691 ; that he held from Daniel Viscount 
CLARE, the lands of Rathfolan, Carrownakelly, Caher- 
scooby, Feenagh, and Maghery West, in the barony of 
Bunratty ; together with Moveen, Kilfeeragh, and Clon- 
reddan, in the barony of Moyarta. 

Inquisition, taken at Ennis, on the nth of July, 16S4, 
before Daniel O'Brien, finds that John LEONARD 
"utlagat fuit" of high treason; finds that DONOGH 
O'Brien of Leamaneh had mortgaged to him certain 
lands in Burren and Corcomroe ; and that Henry Ieyers 
OF MOUNT IEYERS, had also got from him money on 
mortgage of the following lands, in the barony of Tulla ; 
Ardskeagh, Killegy, Shanaknock and Carmcmore. 

1 The latter part of this Inqui^tion an account of Martin's escape to 

is very much defaced. England, and of the difficulties lie 

In Cuffe's Hi>tory of the Scige of experienced in trying to gain the 

Ballyallia Castle infra, will be found mouth of the Shannun. 


Inquisition, taken at Ennis, on the 22nd of July, 1696, 
before John Budden, finds that REDMOND MAGRATH, 
mentioned in the King's commission, which bears date the 
1 Ith of May, in the third year of his reign and that of the 
late Queen Mary, was attainted of high treason and his 
estates forfeited ; finds that said Redmond was owner in 
fee of the lands of Lecarrow, Lecarrowgarry, Glandrcc, 
Kilmore, Tooreen, Affock, Tyredagh, Cloondonogh, Tome, 
Roscartery, Rosslara, Fortanemore, Ballinahinch, Annagh- 
heale, Cloonelane, Clogher Upper, Annagh, and Clogher 
Lower ; finds that some time before the attainder of said 
Redmond, his father, EDMOND MAGRATH, had demised 
the lands of Roscartry to Margaret and Daniel MacXamara, 
and other lands to Teige Maloney and James Freney ; 
finds that said Redmond, on the 15th of April, 1684, had 
demised to David Nihill, the half quarter of Arud, part of 
Clogher Lower ; finds that this David's son, also named 
David, being engaged in the rebellion, was killed at 
Limerick, on the 8th of April, 1691, and his lands confis- 
cated ; * finds that a certain THOMAS BOUCHER claims 
sundry debts due, by virtue of a judgment of the Court of 
Common Pleas against him ; finds that one Thomas 
BUTLER had an annuity of five pounds a year, chargeable 
on Magrath's lands, which annuity Butler assigned, in 
1696, to Henry Boucher; finds that Thomas and John 
Magrath— also had charges' on the estate of Redmond 

Finds, that by the above recited Commission, DONOGII 
MACNAMARA Was attainted of high treason, and his lands 
of Glensleade, Lismalinda, Tuma, Killiocydin, and Kil- 
liaraghty, all in the barony of Burren, were confiscated. 

Finds, that MURROGH O'Brien was, by the same Com- 
mission, outlawed and declared guilty of high treason, and 


1 Nihill also possessed the lands of ratty, gent., for ^"435. -*///. 15M 
Fortanebeg. His estate was sold, in Annual Report Irish Record Commxs- 
1703, to Robert Westropp of Iiun- sioners for Chichester House Sales. 


his lands forfeited to the Crown ; these were Moanreel and 
Mortry, which he held from LORD INCHIQUIN, under a 
deed of Mortgage. . 

Inquisition, taken at Ennis, on the 22nd of July, 1696, 
gives a list of lands sold, or granted in perpetuity, by 
Daniel Viscount Clare, before his attainder. They 
are as follows : — In 1670, Knockaskibole, to JamEs 
MacNamara OF ENNIS, merchant: In 1682, Drinagh, 
Ballykinnacorra and Druminagran to DoNOGII O'BRIEN 
OF LEAMANEU, Esq.: In 167S, Carrigoran, Ranaghan, 
Reynalatimore. Treannahow, L'rlans, Caherowney, and 
Cahirmarine, to Edward FitzGerald of Rineanna, 
gentleman : In 167 1, Rathkerry and Boolynagleragh, to 
James MacNamara of Ennis, Merchant : In 1678, 
Knockmore, Kiltumper, Leitrim, Lack, Kilbreedy, Lack, 
Cloonakilla, Cahcrmurphy, Cahermore, Dough, Kilcasheen, 
and Movecnagh, to Alderman William York of 
Limerick : 1 In 1667, Corkanaknockan,to Henry Cooper 
OF BUNRATTV, gentleman : In 16S3, Ballyagun, Toormore, 
Bealickania, Oankeagh, Ballaghboy, Gortancroghery, Beal- 
nalicka, Lisduff, and Kilboskennctt, to James O'Grady Ob 
DERRYMORE : In 1672, Cloonanery, Pollagh, Ballynevan, 
Knockatoreen and Ballycullcn, to Thomas Green of 
MEELICK: In 16S5, Tomfinlough to HUGH Hickman OF 
BALLYKETT, gentleman : In 167S Ballyslattery to BRIDGET 
BROWN, widow: In 166S Mollaugha, Kilcarroll, Knockerry 
West, Tullagower, Gowerhass, Moyaddamore, Moyaddabeg, 
Moyne, Ballykett, Tullabrack, Gower, Inellane, Brisla, 
Teernagloghane, Clooncullen. Kilmacduane, and Corbally 
to DlONlTlA Yeomans, widow of Edmond Ycomans, late 
of KlNSALE, merchant.' 2 Besides these, there are references 
made, in this Inquisition, to many other grants and lettings 

1 It is further stated, in the In |ttisi- those lands to George Startlers of 

tion above recited, that Win. Yorke Clare Castle, Esq., who was married 

died in 16S0, leaving William Yorke. to his sister. 

Junior, his son and heir ; and. that in -Mrs. Yeomans was mortgagee, 

1694, York made a deed of reRa^e ot" merely, of those lands. 


of land, but without specifying the names of the several 
townlands, made by Viscount Clare, in the interval between 
the Cromwellian settlement and his attainder in 1692. We 
give here, the names of the persons to whom these lands 
were sold or let : LUCY FitzMaurice, widow of Gerald 
FitzMaurice, Abraham Van Hoogardin, Francis Wil- 
loughby, Daniel O'Cahane, Teige O'Caiiane, Hugh 
MacSweeney, Carroll O'Cahane, Thomas Lucas, 
James Slack, Murtagh O'Cahane, John Lysaght, 
William Ronan, John Ronan, Elizabeth Maiion, 
Robert Northfolk, Mahon FitzPatrick of Liscok- 
mack, James MacDonnell, Dermot O'Meehan, 
Murtagh MacMahon, James MacNamara, William 
Smyth, Dermot Considine, Robert Huony of Fur- 
roor, John Magee, Sir William King, Loghlen 
GRADY, demising the lands of Ballyogan, for the life of 
Loghlen O'Grady and his son Mannagh, at the yearly rent 
of £7 10s. ; Daniel and Donogh Hickey; John 
Bourke, Edmond O'Hehir, Teige Considine, John 
Hollway, James Grady, Owen Considine, Bryan 
O'Cahane, Henry Hickman, Brian Hanrahan, 
Edmond Moroney, Loghlen Gorman, Brian Finu- 
cane, Honoria Tvne, Henry Ievers (1669), John 
O'Dea, Conor Considine, Donogh Clancy, Patrick 
Creagh, Una O'Connell alias MacNamara, Car- 
roll O'Connell, Hugh Sweeney, gentleman ; Egid 
VANDERLURE demising the lands of Cloghaunbeg and 
Cloghaunmore for the lives of Egid, of James his son, and 
of Martha his wife, at the yearly rent of ^35 17s. 6d. 1 
PIERCE FORRESTAL, of the lands or Kilquane, for his 
own life, and the lives of his wife Mary, and of his daugh- 
ter Eliza; James O'Hehir. gent.; Walter Hickman, 
Esq., of the lands of Knockerry and Mullougha, for three 
lives, at the yearly rent of £3, until the sum of ,£100, 
due to Hickman, should be paid, and at the yearly rent 
J The date of this demise would be about the year 1670. 


of ;£i3 afterwards. EDMOND MORONEY, of the lands of 
Lisheen and Kilcroney, for three lives, viz., of Edmond's 
wife, and those of his two sons John, and Pierce, at the 
yearly rent of 2s. 6d., during John's and his mother's life, 
and ;£20, during Pierce's life, if he should survive his 
brother and mother. Richard Wilson, and William 
Butler, as trustees of Anne Clungeon, alias Fitz- 
Gerald, wife of James FitzGerald of Knockaney, 
county of Limerick. 

Inquisition, taken at Ennis, on the 22nd of July, 1696, 
further finds that MAHONE FlTZPATRICK, of LisCORMACK, 
was owner of that place, and finds that it now belongs to 
FRANCIS WilloUGHBY, who pays a yearly rentcharge of 
eleven shillings to the Bishop of Killaloe. 

Finds that TuRLOGH MacMahon was owner of 
KlLLOFIN ; that these lands are now in the occupation 
of FRANCIS WILLOUGHBY, who pays for them one shilling 
and eight pence yearly to the Bishop of Killaloe. 

Finds that CONOR AND TlEGE MacMahon were owners 
of Moyadda, and that these lands are now in the occu- 
pation of John Long. 

Finds that Conor, son of Tiege MacMahon was 
owner of KlLMORE ; that it is now in possession of Cary 
DILLON, and that it yields forty shillings per year to the 
see of Killaloe. 

Finds that RICHARD White was owner of Cassar- 
NAGH ; that the townland is now possessed by Cary 
DlLLON, and is liable for one shilling and fourpence per 
annum to the see of Killaloe. 

Finds that Brian, son of Turlogh MacMahon, 
and Aney his mother, were owners of KlLLIMER AND 
BURRANE ; that these lands are now in the possession 
of FRANCIS WILLOUGHBY, and that they are liable to a 
rentcharge of £S a year to the Bishop of Killaloe. 

Finds that CONOR MACMAHON, OF Knock was owner 
of Teervarna; that it is now in the occupation of Francis 


WlLLOUGHBY, and that it is liable to the payment of 
thirteen and fourpence a-year as above. 

Finds that DaNIEL O'Brien OF DOUGH was owner of 
Kilmoon ; that it is now in the possession of Peter 
CREAGH and JOHN CURNANE, and that it is liable to the 
see of Killaloe for £2 6s. 8d. yearly. 

Finds that JOHN AND Teige MACNAMARA were owners 
of GRANAGHAN ; that these lands are now in the occupation 
of Patrick Lysaght and Laurence White, and that 
they are liable to the Bishop of Killaloe for a yearly rent- 
charge of twenty shillings. 

owner of Cragleigh ; that Cary Dillon now occupies it, 
and that it is liable to the bishop for six and eight pence 
a-year rentcharge. 

Finds that WILLIAM ROCHE was owner of FOSSABEG ; 
that it is now in the possession of Stephen Roche, and 
that it is liable for two shillings and sixpence a-ycar to the 
Bishop of Killaloe. 

Finds that Donogii and Catherine Grady were 
owners of FASSAMORE AND CAPPAROE ; that these lands 
are now in the possession of Theobald Butler, Miler 
HlFFERNAN, and THOMAS Grady, and that they are liable 
to the Bishop of Killaloe for four shillings per annum of 

Finds that 218 acres of To.MFINLOE were owned by 
DONOGH and Teige MACNAMARA ; that they are now 

occupied by John Cooper, Esq., and White, Gentleman, 

and that they are liable for ten shillings per year payable 
to the Bishop. 

It finds that, by reason of the late rebellion, all the 
aforementioned castles, lands, and towns were forfeited to 
the Crown in the time of Charles II. 

It further finds, that the first VISCOUNT Clare, in 1667, 
being owner of Cappareagh, Cappanapeasta, and Scalp- 
nagown, granted these lands to JOHN MACNAMARA, 


of Doon, who assigned them, in 16S0, to Theobald 

Finds that Daniel, first Viscount Clare, in i66S, 
borrowed one thousand pounds from John CLIGNETT, 
of Limerick, that Clignett assigned this debt to the 
Dowager Lady Siielbourne, and that she claimed her 
right to the money, at the time of the attainder of the 
Viscount's grandson. 

Finds that WILLIAM King, by virtue of a grant to Sir 
Henry INGOLDSBY Bart., of the lands of Rossroe, 
claimed the lands of Muckinish Island also, these being like- 
wise part of the estate of Viscount Clare. 

Finds that Daniel O'Brien, the first Viscount 
Clare, being in 1666, owner of the lands of Calluragh, 
Carrownacloghy, and Poulglass, in the parish of Inchi- 
cronan, and of Kilboggoone, in the parish of Tulla, 
demised these lands to DONOGll O'Callaghan. 

the time of his attainder, made a conveyance to IGNATIUS 
Casey, and Walter Hickman, for a limited number of 
years, of the lands of Rehy, parish of Kilballyowen. 

Finds that Daniel, Third Viscount Clare, being 
owner of a rent of seventeen shillings yearly, arising out of 
the lands following, namely, Gurteen, Lismuinga, Lissanair, 
Derrycrissane, alias Ahaga, alias Lissalure, Cahergal, and 
Coolosty, conveyed these lands and rents to William 

Finds that VlSCOUNT CLARE, in 1667, sold the follow- 
ing lands to CORMUCK RYAN, viz. : — Drumgranagh, 
Mogholach east, and Mogholagh west, Ballyogan, Drum- 
gloon, Cloonkerry, Ballygaffey east and Ballygaffcy west, 
Cappagh, Ballymaconna, Ballyduff, Cregane, Clonlish 
Dromconora, and Rossleavan. 

The Inquisition then goes on to set forth, at great 

length, the lands owned by VlSCOUNT CLARE at the time • 

of his attainder. 





We have now arrived at the disastrous pcroid of the Civil 
War of 1641. Intelligence of the outbreak in the North, 
arrived in Clare, in the beginning of November. It was 
announced at the great fair of Ouin. The inhabitants 
immediately rose in arms to expel the English intruders 
who, in the capacity of tenants of the Earl of Thomond, of 
Daniel O'Brien of Dough, of Murrogh Baron of Inchiquin 
and of other proprietors, had become possessed of castles and 
lands in various parts of the county. As an illustration of 
the contest that now followed, a contemporary record has 
come down to us, especially valuable in its character. It is 
the history of the siege of one of the f castles, and we 
proceed to give it here, almost in extenso, and nearly in the 
original words. The writer is Maurice Cuffe, a merchant of 
Ennis, third son of Maurice Cuffe who died in 1638, and 
who had been Provost of Ennis in 1634. The book was 
printed by the Camden Society from the original MS., in 
1841. 1 

"The 1st of November, 1641, news was sent from 
Limerick to Robert Coppinger. Esq., being then at the 
fair of Ouin, of the rebellion that was begun in the North, 
but no evident sign of rising appeared in Thomond till the 
end of November. At that date, information reached the 
Earl of Thomond, (Barnabas, 6th Earl), of a general rising 
of the Irish in the neighbouring counties. The following 

1 Elizabeth CufTe, widow, was the Joseph ; the last of these was grand- 
mother of seven sons and two dau»h- father of John Cuffe, created liaron 
ters, of whom four sons are mentioned, Desert in 1733. Lodge's Peerage. 
viz., William, Maurice, Thomas, and 


castles were occupied by Englishmen in Clare, at the 
commencement of hostilities : — Bunratty, by the Earl of 
Thomond ; Rosmanagher, by Christian Coulc ; Cappa^h, 
by Francis Morton ; Dromline, by Edward Fennar ; Bally- 
car, by George Colpoys, Esq. ; Ballymulcashel, by Thomas 
Benes ; Dromoland, by Robert Starkcy, Esq. ; Ballyna- 
cra ggy> by Richard Keaton ; Castlekeale, by James 
Martin; 1 Ing, by Peter Ware; Cloghanaboy, (?) by Mr. 
Rawson's tenants; Clare Castle, by Captain Hugh Norton, 
Esq. ; Ballyallcy, by Maurice Cuffe, Merchant ; Bally- 
corick, by William Brigdall ; Crovraghan, by Thomas 
Burton and Mr. Maunsall ; Doonagurroge, by Anthony 
Usher ; Moy (near Lahinch), by George Norton ; Inch- 
ovea, by Simson and others ; Newtown, by Donogh 
O'Brien, Esq., then a Protestant ; Carrowduff, by Francis 
Dawes; Ballyportry, by John Brickdall ; Ballyharaghan, 
by Mr. Hasley ; Inchicronan, by Anthony Hcathcott ; 
Clooney, by Thomas Bourne; Lissofin, by William Cos- 
tello ; Garrura, by John Carter ; Scariff, by Richard 
Blagrafe ; Caherhurley, by Matthew Hicks ; Tomgraney, 
by Luke Brady, Esq.; Castlebank, by Mr. Washington; 
and Tromroe, by Peter Ward. Maurice Cuffe, his mother, 
and three brothers, were tenants of Ballyalley, from Sir 
Valentine Blake of Galway, for a term of years then 
unexpired, and although their landlord desired them to 
give up the place to the chieftains of the Irish party, 
they positively refused. 

More particular news came to the Earl, to the 
effect that Murtagh O'Brien, son of Daniel of Annagh, 
had crossed over from the Tipperary side of the Shannon, 
and robbed the English of most of their cattle, threaten- 
ing at the same time, to surprise Killaloe and Castlebank. 
It was stated that Murtagh was about to strip the Bishop 
of Killaloe, whereupon that prelate, with his English 


1 See for the history of this James the Commonwealth ante. 
Martin, Clare Inquisitions. — Time of 


tenants, fled to Limerick, where they remained till the 
rebels took the city, on the 23rd of June, 1642. 

The Earl of Thomond, being Governor of Clare, 
sent precepts, requiring the attendance of all the gentry 
and freeholders of the county at a meeting to be held 
at Ennis, on the 24th of November, to consult as to the 
preservation of the public peace. He invested with the 
power of marshal law, his steward Mr. Kerther, 1 
Dermot O'Brien, Esq. (his first cousin), Daniel O'Brien 
of Dough, Esq., and some others. He appointed as 
captains over his forces, Dermot O'Brien, Conor O'Brien, 

Esq. of Leamaneh John, son of Teige MacXamara, 
Donogh his brother, and Turlogh MacMahon of Clenagh, 
with some ether Irish gentlemen. Accompanied by these, 
at the head of his troops, he proceeded to Castlebank 
and Killaloe. Thence he sent Captain Dermot O'Brien 
across the Shannon todemand restitution of the cattle which 
Murtagh had driven out of Thomond, and to summon 
that chieftain to appear before him and apologise for his 
ill conduct. His commands were disobeyed. Thereupon, 
he ordered a party of his forces to enter Duharra and to 
gather thence all the plunder they could lay hands upon. 
With this booty he returned to his castle of Bunratty. 
Soon afterwards he learned that Turlogh O'Brien of 
Turlaghmore, had plundered the English, residing on the 
borders of the counties of Clare and Galway, of their 
cattle and other property. John Burke, in particular, 
was loud in his complaints. The Earl despatched a party of 
troops to bring before him, as prisoners, Turlogh and 
his associates. When they arrived at the place, they 
found that Burke's statement was correct, yet, Turlogh 
contrived to persuade them that the fault lay, in reality. 
with the English themselves, and he excused himself 
from immediately obeying the Earl's mandate, alleging 

1 The correct name of the Earl's the cemetery at Bunratty. 
steward is Keating. His tomb is in 



that he would take an early opportunity of coming 
before him and vindicating his conduct. With this 
answer and a letter from Turlogh, they retured home- 
wards. On their way to Bunratty, they found certain Irish 
peasants stealing Englishmen's cows. These people they 
seized and brought before the Earl. Judgment was given 
against them that they be hanged forthwith. Notwithstand- 
ing this sentence, some of the Irish commanders prevailed 
upon him to take bail for the appearance of the prisoners 
at the next Asssizes, to answer for their misdeeds. He 
accepted the proposed securities, but in the case of two 
strangers who could find no bail, he ordered the culprits to 
be hanged from the battlements of the castle. From that 
time till January, the same system of plunder of the goods 
of the English was carried on, but bail was always offered 
and accepted for the appearance of the accused at the ap- 
proaching Assizes. The Earl now raised the several 
companies following : — Conor O'Brien of Ballymacooda, 
Esq., Donogh MacNamara of Cratloe, John, son of Teige 
MacNamara, Donogh MacNamara, his Lordship's captain 
lieutenant, and divers others. The various companies 
being raised, and their garrisons appointed, he levied money 
on each townland for their maintenance, being . . 
of each plowland of which I paid . . . Now, the com- 
panies were billeted in their garrisons upon the house- 
keepers, and the money fully collected and paid unto 
Robert Coppinger, Esq., according to his Lordship's order, 
but how disposed of is not known to me, but paid it was, 
with a second collection of twelve pence per plowland to 
make pikes and other arms. 

About the 9th of December, Oliver Delahoyde of 
Tyredagh, and his brother John Delahoyde of Fomerla, 
both Esquires, having gathered companies of the 
rebels, went to Ballyvanna, parish of Inchicronan, and 
thence drove away, by night, the greater part of John 
Twisdcn, Thomas Randell, and divers other English- 


men's cattle, that lived in these parts, which English 
had reasonable good stocks of cattle, both cows, horses, 
and sheep. The Earl of Thomond, having been informed 
of these proceedings, sent a body of horse and foot to 
bring in the Delahoydes. John they found dying, but 
Oliver was brought before him. He denied the offences 
with which he was charged, confirming his statement with 
many tears and oaths. He promised to be as ready and 
faithful in doing his Majesty and his Lordship any service 
in his power as any man in the county. The Earl, yielding 
to his delusions, not only discharged him, but gave him 
power to execute martial-law upon any whom he should 
find offending. The said Oliver, being thus set free, 
returned home. There he presently began to betake him" 
self to his former courses, and drive and take away any 
cattle he could find belonging to the English. 

About the 15th of December, Owney Oge O'Loghlcn, of 
the barony of Burrin, accompanied by his three sons, and 
divers others of that barony, went to Ballycashcn which 
was a farm of Gregory Hickman's, and drove away cows, 
sheep, and horses, belonging to him. About the 22nd of 
December, they visited Ballycar, and from thence, by night, 
drove away many cows and sheep, from George Colpoys, 
Esq., and from divers other English. 

About the 9th of January, 1642, the Earl sent precepts 
through the country, requiring the country to give him 
a meeting at Inish to hold a quarter sessions, at which 
sessions he earnestly intreated the gentry and commonalty 
to remain loyal to his Majesty, and presuaded them to 
take the oath of allegiance. He wept before them on the 
bench, to show the sorrow he had conceived for the rebellion 
which was begun. 

While the Earl was at the quarter sessions, which was 
four days, complaints were made unto him, by Robert 
Hibart, and his son Richard, of Sranagaloon, against Hugh 
Grady of the same place, being landlord thereof, that the 


said Grady had committed several outrages against them 
by taking away their cattle, some 160 English cattle, beside* 
horses and sheep ; and that he, being assisted by the rest 
of his kindred of the Gradys, had wounded their servants 
in the night, who were left by the said Hibarts to oversee 
their house in their absence, and had likewise robbed them 
of their household stuff which they had left in their house, 
their wives being gone before, for their safety, with part of 
their goods and money to Clare castle ; the Gradys taking 
possession likewise of their houses. Which the Earl under- 
standing, sent a band of soldiers, with one Robert Freestone, 
son-in-law to Hibart, to apprehend the said Grady, who, 
hearing of their coming, forsook his dwelling, and with his 
kinsmen, went into Connaught, where they remained till 
the Earl returned home from Inish, which, when the Gradys 
heard, they returned to their former employment and 

Immediately after the Earl returned to Bunratty from 
Inish, the soldiers which he had garrisoned with intent for 
the safety of the English throughout the county, began to 
oppress and abuse the English that remained in their 
dwellings, but the most part of the English had betaken 
themselves to castles before the 25th of December. Of 
which abuses, when the parties thus abused, complained to 
the captains, instead of giving redress, they went to the 
Earl of Thomond, and informed him that the English, on 
whom their soldiers were quartered, were forsaking their 
houses ; whereupon his Lorship gave orders, under his 
hand, to the said captains to seize the goods of any English 
that should offer to forsake their dwellings, which command 
being obtained, the}- then made use of it to the full. 

About the 10th of December, the Earl's Irish army being 
raised, and most of them being unarmed, the captains 
informed him that the English had more arms than they 
had occasion to use. Upon hearing this, he gave warrants 
to the said captains to seize such arms for the use of the 


soldiers. No delay was given to the execution of this order, 
but Dermot O'Brien, Esq., chief commander of the Earl's 
forces, with two constables attending him, came to the 
castle of Ballyalley, then in the possession of Elizabeth and 
Maurice Cuffe, of Inish, merchant, and by him fortified, 
and a ward by him and his mother and brother .put therein, 
at much charge to themselves. 

James Martin, a Dutchman, living at Castlckcale, having 
a ship laden by himself, by John Foot, and by 
William Cuffe merchant wherein divers other English men 
and women, who had been robbed of their cattle and goods, 
and likewise seeing the danger daily increase, were resolved 
to go to England, with such remnants of their goods as had 
remained to them. The Mayor of Limerick, conceiving the 
ship to be of great value, resolved to plunder it, and with 
that intent, fitted out a small vessel, under command of his 
brother John Fanning captain, and of his brother Richard* 
who had been bred to the sea, as master. They intercepted 
Mr. Martin, and commanded him to yield up all property 
belonging to the English, but it pleased God that, by the 
care of the merchants, they were prevented, and after 
escaping many troubles, they recovered out of the river. 

About the middle of January, 1642, Donogh MacXamara, 
with twenty horse, went to the North to confer with Sir 
Phelim O'Neil and receive directions from him what 
courses they should go on withal in Thomond. 

About the 16th of January, Conor O'Brien of Lei- 
maneh, who was appointed formerly to raise a troop 
of horse for the Lord Inchiquin, now began to join in 
rebellion, and being accompanied by divers other Irish 
gentry, went and drove away the cattle of Mr. Burton, Mr. 
Hickman, and of any other Englishman he could find, the 
whole country being now out in general. 

About the 20th of January, Mr. Twimbrock, was turned 
out of his house and goods by Turlogh O'Brien, not leaving 
him, or William and John Bridgcman, his two sons-in-law, 



anything, but were fain to take themselves to Tei-e 
O'Brien's, of Dromore Castle, Esq. : — Here Brien gained 
two or three fowling pieces and some powder, which then 
were very precious. At this castle of Teige O'Brien's, the 
aforesaid Twembrock, through fair promises of the said 
Brien, had sent most of his and his son's best goods, but 
were fain to give all to the said Brien, to convey them and 
their families to Bunratty in regard to their ill-usage. 

About the 22nd of January, at night, Conor O'Brien, 
Esq., of Ballymacooda, and Conor O Brien of Leimaneb, 
broke up William Mara's house, and carried away what 
muskets, pieces, and pctroncls, the said Mara had 
then in his house, which was about thirty-six, which he had 
then repairing, of the Earl of Thomond's and other English- 
men's muskets and pieces. 

About the 23rd January, one John McBrodic of Kilkeedy, 
came to the castle of Ballyally to Winter Bridgcman, Esq., 
and called Mr. Chapling and him aside. He told them 
that the English in Thomond were in a very dangerous 
case, for there was not an Irishman in the county of any 
note, (except the Lord Inchiquin, Donogh O'Brien of New- 
town, and his son Conor, whom he called great Puritans), 
but would be soon in actual rebellion, and he advised them 
to go speedily for England. He added, that the Irish 
gentry had resolved to take all the English castles in the 
county, and that they would begin with Ballyalley, expecting 
there stores of pieces, powder, and bullets, with which they 
might take other castles. Ballyalley, having a reasonably 
strong ward, and being well provided, notwithstanding the 
county's malice, as the poorer sort of people, especially 
some of Mrs. Cuffe's and her son's tenants and neighbours, 
would furnish us privately, with some fresh provisions for 
money, as hen's eggs, geese, lambs, and the like, which the 
country, taking notice of, did thereupon send some to lie in 
wait to prevent us of provisions for our money, and these 
villains, taking some women coming with provisions to the 


castle, would beat them, take away their provisions, and 
threaten them if ever they came again they should be 
hanged, by which means the castle was prevented of any 
further relief. 

Hereupon, Sir Valentine Blake, who was the proprietor 
of the castle and land, sent a letter from Gahvay, to my 
brother Thomas, in my absence, dated the 24th of January, 
advising us that, in case we did not think ourselves able to 
maintain the castle, we should give it up to Captain 
Dermot O'Brien and betake ourselves to some place of 
greater strength. The above letter was not delivered till 
the 28th of January, and the answer we gave was, that by 
God's help, the castle should be held for the King's 
Majesty's use, to the hazard of our lives, and further, we 
desired, that the said Sir Valentine should assist us with 
some powder for the better defence thereof, which he 
never did. 

Now, there were divers poor English who were come 
into the castle for shelter, and provision being scarce, a 
party was sent forth which gained from the enemy eleven 
cows and thirty-two sheep, which were killed for the relief 
of the poor, whereby the)- might endure a siege cf the 
castle the better. 

February the 4th, Captain Dermot O'Brien, by 
agreement with Captain Turlogh O'Brien, which was the 
first noted rebel in Thomond, and with several others, they 
raised an army of near a thousand rebels out of Connaught 
and Thomond to besiege the said castle, of Ballyallia. 
Hereupon, the said Dermot sent us a letter, from one 
Loghlen Maclnerney's house at Derry, which is not pass- 
ing a mile from the castle, demanding the castle to be 
delivered to him in behalf of Sir Valentine Blake, and 
threatening, in case of refusal, that he would use means, by 
the assistance of the Earl of Thomond, to take the said 
castle and lands. Answer was returned by my brothers, 
that the foresaid Maurice Cufte, merchant, had taken the 


castle and lands from the foresaid Sir Valentine Blake, for 
thirty-one years, beginning the last May, on whose behalf 
he and the rest would keep it for the King's Majesty's use, 
and till the expiration of his lease. 

So soon as the said Dermot perused this answer, he 
presently sent the said Turlogh and the rest of their army 
to besiege us, endeavouring to prevent us of firing and 
water. They soon had the assistance of the county in 
general, and they agreed that each barony should lay 
against us by turns, conceiving it too great a charge for the 
whole to remain constantly, at that time of year, the weather 
being'withal cold. Now, they began to build cabins under 
the hedgerows and bushes for their men to lie dry in, and 
daily presuming to come nearer and nearer, with their 
building, which we observing would venture sometimes 
forth and procure some o( their houseing, and bring in for 
firing, so that they were often troubled to build new ones. 

Here followeth the names of the chief rebels that brought 
what strength they could : — 

Dermot O'Brien, Esq ., of Dromore, Colonel 

Turlogh O'Brien, Esq., of Tullamore. 

Sir Daniel O'Brien, Knight, of Carrigaholt. 

Daniel O Brien, Esq., of Carrowduff. 

Conor O'Brien, Esq., of Ballymacooda, eldest son of Sir Daniel. 

Oliver Delahoyde, Esq., of Tyredagh. 

Boetius MacMuvtagh Clancy, Esq., of Inchmore. 

Hugh Hogan, Esq., of Ballyhehane. 

Conor O'Brien, Esq., of Leamaneh. 

Turlogh, and Murtagh, sons of Teige O'Brien, 1 of Dromore. 

Teige, son of Daniel Reagh MacNamara, of Garruragh. 

Donogh MacNamara of Cratloe. 

Daniel MacNamara of Doon, gent. 

Donogh, MacConor Reagh, MacNamara of Balhkelly. 

Rory MacNamara of Caherinagh, gent. 

Teige MacNamara of Dromconora, gent. 

Owney Oge O'Loghlen of Greggans, gent, and his three sons. 

Sheeda, son of Rory MacNamara of Canowneleghan. 

Redmond Neylan of Knockanany, gent. 

Flann Neylan of Rosslevan, and three sons, gent. 

David Neylan of the same, gent. 

1 These were nephews of Donogh, lately come over from France, 
fourth Earl of Thoinond ; they had 


Patrick O'Hogan of Shallee, gent. 

James Hogan of Erinagh (Dysert). 

John Lynch of Dysert, gent. 

Hugh O'Grady of Inchicronan, gent. 

John Fitzjames O'Grady of Ballyinemore, gent. 

Gilladuft O'Shaughnessy of Dysert. 

Richard O'Grady of Inchicronan, gent. 

Henry O'Grady of Clonskrine. 

Daniel O'Grady of Carrowkeel, gent. 

Managh O'Grady of Ballylinebeg. 

Captain \Ym. O'Shaughnessy of Gort. 

Captain Henry O'Grady of Knockaney, Co. Limerick. 

Andrew Bourke of Inish, merchant. 

Daniel Hernon of the same. 

Divers others. 

About the 6th of February, Dermot O'Brien and John 
MacTeige MacNamara, asked for a parley which was granted. 
They promised us safe conduct to Bunratty, on condition of 
deliveringthecastleinto their hands.butwe refused, expecting 
relief, conformably to the proclamation recently proclaimed 
in England. They then threatened us with the instruments 
Turlogh O'Brien intended to make ; these would be of a 
character we could not resist. They further informed us that 
Turlogh had taken Abraham Baker, as he was going to 
Bunratty, and forced him to go on with his sow, which they 
afterwards finished. After this, the enemy would, daily, 
in our sight, draw forth their skeans and swords, flourishing 
them, swearing many dangerous oaths, that ere long they 
would draw us forth and hack us to pieces, terming us 
Puritan rogues, and all the base names that might be 
invented, vowing that, shortly, Sir Phelim O'Neill, with 
40,000 soldiers, would come to Thomond and not leave a 
Protestant living. 

Now, the enemy having finished their two sows, and 
their leathern great piece, they brings them within sight of 
the castle, and then sends Captain Henry O'Grady, of 
Knockaney, in the county of Limerick, to summon the 
castle. Upon our demand as to what authority he had, he 
replied that he had commission from his Majesty to banish 
all Protestants from the kingdom of Ireland. Hereupon, 



without further examination, there was a bullet sent by one 
of the warders to examine his commission, which went 
through his thigh, but he made shift to rumbel to the 
bushes and there fell down, but only lay by it sixteen weeks, 
in which time, unhappily it was cured. 

This evening, a poor maid that formerly came stript to 
the castle, being desirous to venture to an aunt she had at 
Ballycar castle, living with Mr. Coalpis (Colooys). had no 
sooner began her journey, but was, by the enemy taken be- 
fore their commanders. These put her to much torture to 
make her reveal what she knew of the castle, and whom it 
was who shot at Grady, the whole of which she was forced 
to confess, the party being Andrew Chapling Minister. 

[Here follows a description of a "sow," which appears 
to be a hollow tube of wood, covered with hides, mounted 
on wheels, and capable of containing men in the interior. 
It was moved by levers, and brought close to the wall, so 
that the men could work with pick axes and crow bars, 
without danger from above. A description is also given 
of a leathern cannon which, when an attempt was made to 
discharge it, only blew out the breech backwards.] 

Sir Daniel O'Brien, after lighting a number of fires 
around the country, to distract our attention, in the night, 
sent forty musketeeres to force their way into the haggard 
beyond the castle. This stratagem succeeded, and we were 
thus deprived of all access to water, and indeed of any 
power of going outside the walls. We continued exchanging 
shots, very hot, till the Sunday morning, and had the killing 
of divers, and lost not one within the castle. All this while, 
the men in the haggard had been disappointed oi' their 
victuals, by reason of our good watch, which caused them to 
rub out the corn from the cars and feed upon it. But their 
fellows abroad, considering their great want, appointed three 
men to venture to them, with a pair of quearns and a sieve, 
that they might make bread of the corn and relieve them- 
selves therewith, but these three men could not escape to 


them but lost their lives by the way. Hereupon, their com- 
manders sent a cot to relieve them by water. 

Water was now grown so scarce with us that we were 
fain boil the salt meat two or three times in one water, 
and save all the rain water in sheets and vessels ; but all was 
too little to quench our thirst, so that many who had not 
beer were like to perish, and would have given six pence a 
quart for water to any that would venture for it, but being 
compassed in the manner as they were, none would venture. 
On Sunday morning, my brothers and the rest of the 
men resolved to venture forth for water. They first killed 
all the men in the haggard except one who swam over the 
lough. They then fell upon the sows and seized both, 
after killing or mortally wounding all those who had charge 
of them, excepting Abraham Baker, whom they took 
prisoner. They found in the sows one great fowling-piece, 
one halberd, one sword, four skeanes, four pikes, three half 
pikes, two great iron sledges, two great iron bars, two pick- 
axes, four spades, five shovels, one great hammer, one 
borer, one pair quearns. Notwithstanding this success, the 
enemy kept their camp and did not remove from us till the 
1 2th of March. 

The castle of Inchicronan was besieged, the 13th of 
March, by Gilladuff O'Shaughnessy and the O'Gradys, and 
some Connaughtmen that were returning home ; where- 
upon Anthony Heathcot sent a letter to the Earl of 
Thomond, promising him a rick of wheat if he would please 
to relieve him. The Earl, accompanied by Dermot 
O'Brien, and John MacNamara, repaired to Inchicronan, 
with his own troop, and fifty Englishmen in arms, but 
finding the beseigers had decamped, he killed two or three 
rogues whom he found remaining in the bushes. He then 
returned home. The besieged, thinking all was safe, 
ventured forth to obtain provisions, but the O'Gradys and 
Roughans falling upon them, killed nine, suffering only one, 
Newman, to return with news. Now Gilladuff and the rest 


came against the castle again, and compelled Heathcot to 
throw it open and pay him twenty pounds. Heathcot, with 
his adherents, retired to Ballyallia and Clare castle, in a 
state of utter destitution. 

Our ward of Ballyallia cleared the Irish between 
Ballyallia and Clare, and the poor English from Clare would 
venture to us at divers times for relief ; but at last, two poor 
women coming, being Elizabeth Hackins, and Margaret 
Whitcom, whom we often employed to go to Inish for salt, 
and to Clare with letters acquainting them of our pro- 
ceedings, were, by two of the " Cowries," killed. 

forth, and took sixteen men with them, and went to the 
friars land of Aughrim, where a company of Dermot 
O'Brien's lay to defend the friars, but, notwithstanding, they 
gained and brought home with them twenty-eight cows, 
one hundred and twenty sheep, and some goats. But within 
a short time afterwards. Dermot O' Brien, and divers others 
came and lay one night in the church of Templemaley, and 
next morning, the cattle being put to grass, they were 
regained by the said Dermot. 

About the 15th of June, the ward of Clare castle came to 
us, requesting that we should join them in making a raid 
through the country. We had not gone two miles, when my 
brother Thomas, meeting with Connell O'Hehir, a noted 
rebel, shot him dead as he was running away. We marched 
this day, a compass of ten miles, and gained divers cattle 
and sheep, all which we drove to Clare, where Captain 
Norton and Mr. Brickdall prevailed with us, in regard 
of many poor people they had, to leave that prey there. 
Now, after a very good dinner, we returned to Ballyallia, 
but on our way found that the enemy had gathered some 
three hundred men, and lay in the wood and hedges ot 
Knockroe near the castle. We attacked them, and after 
putting them to flight we returned home safe. God be 

The 1 8th of May, my brothers Thomas and Joseph, went 


Thus abruptly ends the narrative of Maurice Cuffc, but 
from other sources we learn additional particulars of the 
siege of Ballyallia castle. 1 His account of the siege con- 
cludes with the events that happened in June, 164.2. . At 
the end of that month, the Irish again beleagured the place, 
and finally succeeded in starving the English out, on the 
17th of September following. Cuffe's statement omits the 
names of many persons who were amongst the besiegers. 
We here subjoin a list of them : — Boetius Clancy of Creg- 
gycurridan, Murrogh O'Brien of Rossroe ; Teige O'Brien, 
son of Sir Daniel of Carrigaholt ; Mahone Maocl M'Mahon 
of Tuath na Fearnan (Killadysert) ; Boetius Clancy of 
Ballydonoghue ; John Oge MacNamara of Castletown; 
Conor, son of Teige Roe MacNamara of Smithstown ; 
Christopher O'Brien of Inchiquin, brother of the Baron 
of Inchiquin; Teige O'Brien of Caherminane; Mahone Oge 
MacNamara of Ballynooskny ; Mahone Roe MacNamara 
ofCaherduff; Maoclmurra MacSvveeney of Kilballyowcn ■ 
Owen O'Molony of Ballybroghane ; Mahone MTnerney of 
Killinasoolagh ; Conor, son of Mahone MacNamara, of 
Clonbrick ; Teige, son of Sheeda MacNamara of Mona- 
ganagh ; Rory, son of Donogh MacNamara of Monanoe ; 
Daniel, son of Teige MacNamara of Ballyvorgal ; John, 
son of Fineen M'Namara of Kilmurry; Patrick Chockson 
of Ardskeagh ; Daniel Oge O'Hernane of Ennis ; Barth. 
Stritch of Ennis, merchant ; Daniel M'Teige of Lifford, 
with his two sons Teige and James ; Roland Bourke of Ennis, 
merchant ; Teige Fitzpatrick of Ennis, shoemaker ; and 
" divers other gentlemen and freeholders of the county," 2 
viz. : Sheeda Cam MacNamara of Glanagross ; Turlagh Oge 
M'Mahon of Clenagh ; Murtagh Clancy . of Castlckeale; 
Donogh M'Namara of Kilkishen ; Mahone, son of Teige 
M'Namara of Mooghanc; Donogh O'Brien of Ballyhumulta ; 

1 Vide Clfe Depositions, 164 1. * Clare Depositions, 1641. Deposi- 

Depositions of Urias lieaic and tions of Urias ReaJe, mason, and 
ot/iets—inha.. of Frances Bridgeman, -widow — infra. 


Donogh, son of Teige M'Xamara of Moyriesk, (Sergeant- 
Major General of the forces of the county); John M'Xamara 
of Rathfolane; Bryan M'Mahon of Bally vurry; Brian O'Brien 
of Aughrim; Thos. Clancy of Ballynaclasha ; Conor O'Daly 
of Rath; JohnM'Xamara of Drornullin; JohnOge M'Namara 
of Rathlahine; John M'Xamara of Derrymore ; Loghlin 
MTnerny of Treanaderry; Melaghlin Oge O'Hehir of Xooan, 
and Conor, his son ; Loghlen Oge O'Hehir of Drumcurreen ; 
Simon Morris of Ballyluddane ; Teige Clancy of Cloonan- 
assa ; Gorthy O'Mulqueen of Ballymulqueeny ; Wm.Costello 
of Lissofin ; Rory M'Xamara of Bunana, and his son 
Donogh, son of Rory M'Xamara of Gortavalla; Sheeda, son 
of Teige M'Xamara of Ballintlea ; Loghlen Downe Cusack 
of Snaty; Loghlen Oge MacConna of Ballymaconna; Daniel, 
son of Shane M'Xamara of Lisheen; Conor Crone O'Dea 
of Dysert; Hugh M'Encroe of Skagh M'Encroe; Murtao-h 
Hogan of Moyhill; Henry Woodfin of Ennis, now a papist; 
IMiler M'Shane of Poulmore, and Maoelin M'Brodin of 
Kilraghtis. 1 

In addition to the CufTes, the defenders of Ballyallia 
consisted of Protestant settlers who had taken refuge within 
its walls, and who had fled thither, with their families, from 
various parts of the county. Their number, including 
women and children, was about one hundred, and the 
names of some of them are given in the depositions 
of Alexander Hill, Mrs. Frances Bridgeman, and Rev. And. 
Chaplin, as follows : Alexander Hill, mason, who states his 
losses at ^"371 ; Frances Bridgeman, John Vandervorte, 
Richard Shute, Unas Reade, Wm. Bayley, John Hawkins, 
Hugh Austin, John Walker, James Ryder, Wm. Tong, 
Richard Wolfe, John Smith, John Cruice, and Robert Baker. 
Several of the defenders were killed, of whom the under- 
named are enumerated : John Walker of LifTord, Abraham 
Baker of Ballymacahill carpenter; John Burgess of Ennis 

1 From the Depositions of the Rev. And. Chaplin. Clare Depositions. 1642. 



yeoman; Ambrose Wooster of Ennis millwright; Thos. 
White of Lifford mason; John TVisden dyer; Robert 
Hart of Ennis shoemaker; and John Smith of 13allymalley 

Depositions of Alex. Hill, Mis. Bridgeman, and Urias Reade. 




ALTHOUGH the English settlers in Clare were in number 
but a small handful in 1641, they maintained their ground 
stoutly against those who sought to expel them from their 
newly acquired homes. Their Depositions, made in the 
end of 1642, before Commissioners appointed to take 
evidence upon oath, are preserved in MS. in the Library of 
Trinity College ; these contain various cases worthy of 
transcription, and \ve give here an abstract of the principal, 
ones amongst them. No doubt can be entertained that, in 
several particulars, they are charged with exaggeration, and 
perhaps with delibrate untruth ; they are nevertheless, 
deserving of attention as the testimony of contemporary 
witnesses. 1 

James Vandelure of Sixmilebridge, a Dutch Protestant, 
deposes that he was robbed of property worth ;£ 1,836, part 
of which consisted of debts due to him. His goods comprised 
farming stock, tanned hides, malt, and corn. He lost debts 
due by the following persons viz. : — Jacques Graniere, late of 
Kilrush, a Dutch Protestant ; Wm. Chambers of Kilrush, 
Thos. Boone of Clooney ; Geo. Hoff, the widow Bellamy, 
Wm. Cragg, Roger King, the four last being of Sixmile- 
bridge ; Joes Carnellisson, and George Gentleman, of 
Kilfintinan, all these being Protestants and now impoverished 
by the rebellion. He also lost all the money he lent to the 
subjoined Irishmen, now out in actual rebellion : — Barth. 
Stritch, and Nichs. Wolf, both of Limerick, merchants ; 
Oliver Delahoyde of Tyredagh, Esq.; John M'Namara of 
Ralahine, Conor O'Brien of Ballymulcashell, John Reagh 

' Depositions relating to Massacre College, Dublin, vol. xxi., Clare 
of 1641, in MS. Library of Trinity County. 


M'Namara of Kilmurry, Owen Molony of Bally broughan, 
Thos. Fanning of Ballyarrila, Daniel M'Xamara of Mount- 
tallon, Thos. and Wm. Creagh, merchants of Sixmilebridge. 
He was expelled from his house, his two water mills, his 
mill for bark, a malt house, tan yard, and many other tene- 
ments, together with four quarters of land. His dcspoilers 
were Dermot O'Brien of Dromore ; Donogh, son of John 
Reagh M'Xamara of Rossroe; Donogh and Hugh M'Xamara, 
both of Ballykelly ; Teige, son of Sheeda M'Xamara of 
Monagunagh ; Donogh M'Xamara of Ballyban ; Conor 
and Daniel O'Brien of Ballymulcashel, Donogh M'Xamara of 
Cratloe, Murrogh O'Brien of Rossroe, Esq.; John M'Xamara 
of Ralahine, John M'Xamara of Dunmalongort, Daniel 
Clancy of Urlan, Donogh M'Xamara of Danganbrack, 
Donogh M'Mahon of Limerick, and Barth. Stritch of 
the same, merchants. 

Gregory Hickman, late of Barntick, gent., a British 
Protestant, deposes that he was robbed of property worth 
,£3,672. It consisted of cattle, sheep, horses, wool, furniture, 
and of the following farms held under leases for terms of 
years. Barntick, Cragforna, Drumcaran, Cragnanelly, 
Termon of Killinaboy, and Inchiquin ; of the tithes of the 
parish of DromclirT, and of debts due to him by the 
following persons : — Conor O'Brien of Ballymacooda, Conor 
of Leamaneh, Ross O'Loughlin of Fahee, Murrogh 
O'Brien of Cahercorcraun, Donogh MacConsidine of 
Drummoher, Donogh O'Brien of Baunekyle, Flan Xeylan 
of Ballyknock, Gilladuff O'Hehir, Murtagh Kelfeher 
of Clare, Daniel Xeylan of Glanquin, Flan Neylan, John 
O'Mulryan, Richard MacGeorge, and Conor O'Flanagan 
of Crossard. Part of his goods was carried off by Conor 
O'Brien of Ballymacooda and by Richard and Mannagh 
O'Grady. Eighteen packs of his wool were taken away by 
Laurence Rice, and by another merchant, both of Ennis. 
Poultry, a side saddle, and furniture, were swept off by 
Boetius Clancy, by Shevane ny Hchir, wife of Lcughlin 


Reagh O'Hehir of Cahermacon, by James McEncroe 
of Skagh-vic-Encro ; Conor O'Brien of Leamaneh, aided 
by Mauria Roe his wife, by Melaghlan Oge O'Cashey, 
and by Conor O'Flanagan possessed themselves of fourteen 
English hogs and four hundred sheep his property. He 
states that his servant, Thomas Bacon, was murdered, 
and that another of his servants, named Joe Preston, was 
murdered at Clare, by Teige Lynch. He further de- 
poses that he heard the following persons had turned 
papists, and had been seen going to mass : — Pat Lysaught, 
Chancellor of Kilfcnora; Hezi Wordspin, of Ennis; George 
Wooton, tailor ; John James, hatter ; Wm. Glass, saddler ; 
all likewise of Ennis ; and Edmd. Danter of Corofin, 
butcher; and George Dallis. He also subjoins the informa- 
tion, that William Mou was murdered at Kilrush by Sir 
Daniel O'Brien's followers, and Richard Blagrave,' a gold- 
smith, at Inchicronan,by Dermot O'Brien. He adds finally, 
that one Roger, a butcher, and one Whitcombe, a husband- 
man, who came from Clare Castle, were hanged by John 
Griffa, Loghlan Oge O'Hehir sitting by, on horseback, at 
the time. 

Being thus stripped of his property, he was directed, in 
the month of November, 1642, by Lord Inchiquin, to 
proceed on board the ship " Dragon " to Kinsale, and to 
bring thence a quantity of tobacco, there lying useless, 
which he was to sell in the Shannon, and pay over the 
proceeds to the Baron to help to sustain his army. Coming 
back to Glin Castle, he found a fleet of ships there under 
the command of. Lord Forbes. The seamen were engaged 
in distributing tobacco and war . materials amongst the 
inhabitants at both sides of the river. Hickman, finding 
no demand for his goods at Glin, carried them to Bunratty, 
and placed part of them in the castle. With the rest he 
repaired to Clonderalaw, and deposited it with Sir Teige 
McMahon, Bart., a man well affected towards the English. 
His boat went aground at Clonderalaw, and was instantly 


seized by Murrogh Kelly, of Carrowbaun, and by Teige Roe, 
the third son of Sir Daniel O'Brien of Ballykett and Carrig- 
aholt. Clonderalaw Castle was laid siege to, on the 
following morning, by Teige Roe, by MacShane, by Clancy 
of Urlan, and by several of the MacGormans of Ibrickane. 
After a two days' siege, there being no food, Hickman 
yielded up the castle, first stipulating that he should be 
conducted in safety to Ballykett, the residence of Sir Daniel 
O'Brien. After various detentions he contrived to reach 
the castle of Bunratty. There, he found the Earl of 
Thomond, and crowds of people, coming and going with 
or without safe conducts. He gives the names of some of 
them, to wit, Turlogh, son of Mahone Maoel M'Mahon ; 
John McNamara of Ralahine ; Mahone, son of Murrogh 
O'Brien of Clonloghan ; Cormack Hickey, surgeon; Conor 
O'Daly of the parish of Sixmilebridge ; Owen O'Garvey ; 
John, son of Teige McNamara of Danganbrack ; Edmond 
O'Hogan of Moyhill (parish of Rath) ; Daniel O'Brien of 
Dough ; and Loghlen Oge O'Hehir of Drumkerran. 1 

Edmond O'Flaherty of Connemara came, in April 1642 
with a fleet of boats to the coast of Clare, having for his 
object the expulsion of Peter Ward, an Englishman, from 
the castle of Tromroe near Miltown-Malbay. He was 
joined by the following, viz : — Donogh O'Brien of New- 
town ; Turlogh, Conor, and Mahone, sons of Dermot 
O'Brien of Tromroe ; Richard Fitz Patrick, Seneschal and 
Receiver of the Earl of Thomond in the barony of Ibricken; 
Hugh McCurtin ; Daniel, son of Scanlane MacGorman ; 
Teige Fitz Patrick of Fintrabeg ; Teige Roe O'Brien, son 
of Sir Daniel O'Brien ; Mahone and Donogh McEncarriga 
of Cloghaneinshy and Fanore ; James and Teige, sons of 
Donald Mergagh Gallery of Poulawillin ; Daniel and Mahone 
MacGorman of Cahermurphy ; Hugh Hogan of Ballyhehan ; 
Edmond Oge O'Hogan of Moyhill ; Dermot MacGorman 

1 This Gregory Hickman was the respectable families of that name yet 
common ancestor of the two highly subsisting in Clare. 


of Knockanalban ; Gillabreeda MacBrody of Knockanalban ; 
and Loghlen MacCahane of Doonbeg. They laid siege to 
the castle, and in a few days compelled the garrison to 
surrender. In the progress of the contest, Peter Ward, his 
wife Alison, and his son George, were killed. Their bodies 
were removed for burial to the grave-yard of Kilmurry by 
order of Daniel O'Brien of Dough, but they were disinterred 
by direction of Daniel, son of Scanlane MacGorman of 
Drumsallagh, " a mass priest," and again buried outside 
the churchyard, for the reason that no heretical corpse of a 
Protestant should be allowed to repose in consecrated 
ground. All this is stated in the Deposition of John Ward, 
son of Peter, who swears that his father's property, worth 
£%7i was plundered. The younger Ward then repaired to 
Bunratty, to complain to the Earl of Thomond, whose 
tenant his father had been, that in the act of spoliation, the 
Earl's confidential agent, Richard FitzPatrick had been a 
prime mover. All the redress he got was a cell in the prison 
of the castle. Having expostulated with the Earl on the 
hardship of this treatment, he was threatened with a box 
on the ear. He goes on to declare that, at Newmarket-on- 
Fergus, he met Teige Roe, son of Sir Daniel O'Brien. 
That young gentleman, in presence of Cormack Hickey, of 
Bunratty, surgeon, and of several others, imprecated the 
curse of God upon any one who did not join the rebellion. 
He mentions that, after the surrender of the castle of 
Limerick, on the 23rd of June, 1642, part of the garrison 
repaired to Bunratty to offer their services to the Earl, and 
that they were refused. He intimates that, with the 
connivance of the Earl, a brass gun was sent from Limerick, 
by water, to Clare, and that the piece of ordnance in 
question was mainly instrumental in capturing that castle 
as well as Ballyallia. Nothing was easier than to intercept 
this gun, seeing that a Dutch ship, well armed and laden 
with rape seed from Limerick to London, then lay in the 
Shannon, and might have been used for that purpose. 


Ward was present one day, when the Earl exclaimed to 
Dermot O'Brien, " By the Lord of Heaven, Cousin Dcrmot, 
if I be not paid my rents, I will retake the castle of Clare, 
in despite of all your forces. I shall bring Forbes' ships to 
the place." Another day, he said to John MacNamara, that 
his countrymen did mightily slight him in not paying him 
his rents. " By G — were it not for me Lord Forbes would 
have spoiled the whole country, and I am nothing the 
better for it, and nothing the nearer to receive my rents." 
His Lordship entertained at Bunratty, with eating and 
drinking, the most notorious rebels of the county, every one 
being freely welcome.. Ward adds, that Matthew Hicks, 
who held the castle of Tomgraney, surrendered it on quarter, 
and on his way to Bunratty would have been robbbed, only 
for the intervention of the English garrison at Cappagh, 
near Sixmilebridge.. 

One of the little Protestant garrisons founded by the 
Earl of Thomond was situate at Doonass, then called 
Annaghmore and Annaghbeg. Several of the Clare 
Depositions have reference to the expulsion of these people 
by the Irish gentry of the surrounding country. They were, 
for the most part, small farmers or mechanics, and their 
names were Roundtree, Pitch, Norman, Cobb, Drury, Capel, 
Wilkinson, Meale, Culliver, Brine, Derby, Church, and 
Edwards. Inspired by terror, some members of the colony 
turned Catholics ; among these were, French and Roane of 
Coollisteige, and Handcock and Dyer of Doonass. Those 
who drove them out were Lord Brittas, John M'Namara of 
Neadanura (Newtown), Geoffrey Burke of Errinagh, and 
the MacNamaras of Cragleigh. 1 

Another of these colonies was at Kilrush, composed 
partly of Dutchmen, and in part of English — Jacques 
Graniere, with his three sons, Maximilian, Jacob, and Isaac, 
were despoiled of property alleged to be worth ^2,400, 
besides the tolls of a weekly market held at- Kilruslw< 
1 Depositions of Roundtree, Capel, Pitch, Norman and Cobb. 


William Chambers describes himself as a loser of goods 
which he. values at .£1,500. All these were taken away to 
Ballykett, one of the habitations of Sir Daniel O'Brien, 
he who afterwards became Viscount Clare. The Granieres 
and Chambers were apprehended, and transferred as prison- 
ers to Ballykett : Chambers and others deposed that the 
following English persons were stripped of their property 
by the " rebels " as these adventurers call the gentry of the 
county. Robert Hill of Carrowdotia, Judith Claney of 
Ballynote, Wm. Newland of Kilmurry, Thomas Maiden 
of Kilrush, Joan Kent of Ballymacrinan, John Vaughan 
of Garraun, Anne Mubrell of Ballynote. The Rev. Thos. 
Tunstead, of Drumdigus, lost his property and his church 
living worth .£100 a year. His wife was told that she must, 
in future, go to mass. Anne Usher of Ballymacrinan, was 
stripped of chattels valued by her at ^944, besides debts 
due to her by Michael Rochford and Laurence White of 
Limerick, Daniel MacGorman of Inchdualy, Dominick 
Benfield of Iniscathy, Henry Blackwell of Killard, and John 
Morrissy. Francis Moseley of Cahernaholey Kilrush, lost 
£305 worth of his substance, including debts due by James 
Stacpoole, Richard O'Connell of Kildima, by the O'Heas 
of Iniscathy, by the O'Heas of Ballymacrinan, and by the 
O'Nolans of the county of Kerry, by Edmund Blake of 
Termon, Owen Oge O'Molony of Knocknahooan, Richard 
Miller, and by Teige M'Keogh of Kilclogher, Kerry. One 
of the Depositions sets forth that Wm. Moore of Kilcarroll, 
was murdered by Dermot O'Neill, and that Murtagh Con- 
sidine, clerk, Donogh O'Daly, and Chas. Foord, all of 
Lisdeen, had turned papists. 

The names of their despoilers are set down by the various 
witnesses, and we give them here : — Sir Daniel O'Brien of 
Carrigaholt and Ballykett, and his sons Teige and Conor ; 
Charles and Teige Cahane of Termon ; Owen and 
Henry Mac Sweeney of Kilballyowen ; John Oge Mac 
Gilsinane of Clooncullin ; Murtagh Reagh MacMahon of 


Kilmurry ; Thomas MacGorman of Drumdigus ; Donogh 
O'Culligan of Burrane, carpenter; Cahill O'Madigan ; 
Thomas MacGorman of Rine ; Brian MacMahon of Lack ; 
Dermot O'Carmody ; Patrick Comyn of Ballyvorda ; Teige 
Kelly; Daniel M'Mahon of Kilcarroll ; Daniel O'Xeill ; 
Conor M'Mahon of Knockine ; Gilla O'Beolane of Crecgh ; 
James Creagh of Mailla ; Murrogh Ouin of Kilrush ; 
Murrogh MacMahon ; John Blackwell of Oucrin ; John 
Arthur of Iniscathy ; Caher O'Flanagan of Garraun ; 
Murtagh O'Scanlan of Kilfearagh ; and Brian O'Kcrin 
of Moyarta. 1 

A third of the strongholds of the Earl of Thomond was 
at Castlebank near Limerick, and to this place flocked the 
neighbouring English; they amounted to nearly one hundred 
souls, at the time the Irish rose to drive out the intruders. 
From the month of January, to the 27th of June, 1642, they 
held out, but were at last compelled to surrender the castle to 
Captain Dermot O'Brien. During the siege they suffered 
great privations from hunger, and three persons, namely, 
Wm. Ridson,a minister, George Morgan, and Thomas Bate, 
lost their lives. Three children who had wandered forth to 
gather whortleberries in the wood never returned, and nearly 
thirty persons, comprising women and children, perished 
for want of food. In the immediate vicinity of Castlebank 
is Lurraga, now called Ouinpool. Here a Protestant, named 
Anthony Dounter, was deprived of property, valued by his 
widow at £50. by James MacXamara of Doonass, aided by 
Finneen Oge MacXamara of Knocknaheley, John Reagh 
MacNamara of Ballymulcashel, and by John MacXamara 
of Cratloe. Dounter and his wife fled for refuge to the 
castle of Limerick, but in a short time they were besieged < 

there byDominick Fanning the Mayor, Sir Geoffrey Galway, 
Bart, James and Patrick Sarsfield and by others. The 
" rebels " put up a proclamation, declaring that all Protes- 
tants were rebels, that the king had gone to mass, and 
1 Depositions of the Granieres, Usher, Mostly, &c. 


that, as stout as they were, they would be made to bow and 
kiss the Pope's foot. Redmond Deane of Gurtatogher, near 
Castlebank, was dispossessed, by John MacNamara of 
Neadanure, and Thomas Leech of Coollisteige was plundered 
by the widow Slaney Doogan of Bridgetown, assisted by 
her two sons, and by Donogh M'Donnell. 1 

At the other extreme of the county, the castle of 
Inchicronan became the refuge of the. English of the parishes 
of Kilkeedy, Ruan, and Inchicronan. Siege was laid to 
the place by the O'Gradys, O'Shaughnessys, and the Burkes 
of Kiltarton, and the defenders were forced to surrender with 
the loss of many lives. The names of the following killed 
are enumerated : — Christ. Hopditch, Peter Norman, John 
Twisden, junr., Nichls. Wheeler, Richd. Adams and his 
wife, Robert Hart, Edwd Coom's wife, Anth. Davis, Robt. 
Blenkinsop, John Holland, Richd. Blagrove, Thos. 
Watson, and Wm. Abbott. Besides these, some women and 
children were slain. After the castle had been given up, 
Mrs. Hopditch, whose narrative we are transcribing, went 
to reside in the house of an Irishman, but, ""being laboured 
to go to mass," she, with her children, left the place, although 
.she was sick, and journeying by Oranmore to Galway, 
took ship there for Dublin. She further alleges that the 
Irish women were more cruel than the men. Sarah O'Brien, 
of Dromore, sister of Dermot, had undertaken to send safely, 
out of the castle, Peter Newman and his wife, who was 
sister of Mrs. Hopditch, on condition of getting as a reward, 
all the property they possessed, and instead of keeping her 
agreement, had his arm cut off, and after otherwise 
extremely torturing him, had him shot dead. She sub- 
sequently stripped his wife and children, and turned them 
out, exposed to the danger of meeting certain assassins 
whom she had planted to kill them ; but they escaped by 
taking another way. According to her own account, Mrs. 
Hopditch was robbed of property worth ^150, by Dermot 

1 Depositions of Mrs. Frances Renders, Mary Daunter, etc. 


O'Brien of Dromore, Maoelin MacBrody, Cahal O'Roughan 
of Inchicronan, and by Garrold O'Flanagan of Kilfcnora. 
Previously to the siege, Inchicronan castle had been oc- 
cupied by a person named Heathcote, as tenant of the Earl 
of Thomond. According to this man's statement, his losses 
amounted to £2,000, and were inflicted upon him by 
Turlogh O'Brien of Tullamore. Trusting to their honesty, 
he gave some of his cattle and other property for safe 
keeping to Dermot O'Brien of Dromore, to Cahall and 
Teige O'Roughan of Sunnagh, and to Richard Grady of 
Clooneen. He proceeds to describe the siege of his castle, 
which began on Sunday, the 13th of March, 1642, and 
alludes to the death of Richard Blagrave, a silver smith, 
who was killed on his way from Dromore to Limerick. 

Francis Haslopp, of Ballyharaghan castle, was deprived 
of £470 worth of property, including debts due by the 
undernamed Protestants, — Neptune Blood, clerk ; Elias Ely, 
Seth Smith, John Poole, Wm. Panskore and Francis Crcagh, 
merchant, of Limerick, the last-named being now in actual 
rebellion. Those who took away his goods were Melaghlin 
O'Hehir of Nooan, and Teige O'Brien, Esq., of Dromore. 1 

In the neighbourhood of Ennis, several acts of spoliation 
were committed upon the English settlers. Mrs. Frances 
Bridgeman, widow of Winter Bridgeman, Esq., late of 
Drumcurreen and Cooga, puts down her losses at £330, in- 
cluding debts due to her by Hugh Hogan of Cragavaryne, 
Connell O'Collenahe of Dysert, and by Daniel O'Brien of 
Carrowduff. She was deprived of her goods by Dermot, 
son of Teige O'Brien, Esq., of Dromore. She mentions the 
names of some Protestants who had turned Papists, viz. : — 
Enely and his wife ; John Carter with his wife and children ; 
George Birch and wife. Wm. Bridgeman, also of Cooga, 
describes how he was set upon by the O'Briens of Dromore, 
and Cloondooan, by John Lynch of Dysert, and by Donogh, 
son of Conor-a-phoodir, (of the gunpowder), O'Brien of 

1 Depositions of Hopditch, Heathcote, and Haslopp. 


Culleen, and despoiled of property worth £270, as well as 
of debts due by Papists as follows : Teige M'Donald of 
Cooga, Robert Meade, Turlogh, son of Murtagh O'Gripha 
of Rinelea ; Murtagh O'Kett of Drumlonan, and George 
Burke of Tullyodea. The Rev. John Twembrock of 
Tullyodea, was deprived of his lands, and of property worth 
£348, by Turlogh O'Brien, Esq., of Tullamore, by the 
O'Briens of Kilkeedy, and by Loghlen Oge O'Grady. In 
addition, he lost his church living worth ^£200 a year. He 
also suffered the loss of debts due to him by Richard 
Warrall, And. Chaplain, Clk., John Robert, John MacCon- 
sidine of Ruan, Dcrmot O'Dea, and Edmond O'Dea. He 
was informed that John Lone of Craggane, Treasurer, 
and Patrick Lysaght Chancellor, respectively of Kilfertora, 
Owen Neylan ofKilaspuglonane, clerk; Killicully O'Hickey, 
vicar of Gleninagh ; Robt. Cox, clerk ; Mr. . Costigan, 
clerk ; and Richd. Hogan, clerk ; had all turned Papists. 
John Hawkins of Ennis, saddler, was a sufferer to the 
extent of £39 in goods, as well as in bad debts, due by 
Conor O'Brien of Leamaneh, Charles Kean of Termon, 
Brian M'Dermot of Knockfin, James Goold of Quin, 
Hugh and Teige Clancy of Clondegad, and Nicholas 
FitzEdmond, near Quin. His goods were abstracted by 
And. Burke of Clonroad, and by Thos. Chamberlain, 
corporal in the company of Conor O'Brien. Another 
Protestant inhabitant of Ennis, named Anne Webster, 
had her house rifled by John Creagh, Dominick Arthur, 
Dermot Govvla, John Galway, Teige FitzPatrick, Oliver 
Burke, and Roland Bourke, merchants ; and by Teige 
O'Gripha, Donogh O'Hernane, Teige Mergagh O'Brien, 
and Brian O'Maine, butchers, all of Ennis. These people, 
she says, were aided in their operations by Gilladufi 
Clancy and Turlogh O'Brien of Coone, whom she desig- 
nates as gentlemen. The Rev. Andrew Chaplin of 
Ballymaley, parish of Templemaley, who united in him- 
self the incumbency of the parishes of Templemaley, Clare 


Abbey, Kilraghtis, and Kilmaley, sets down his losses at 
^520, besides the church livings, and debts due to him 
by Dermot O'Brien of Bunheale, Esq., Alderman Pierce 
Creagh FitzAndrew of Limerick, Thomas Creagh of Six- 
milebridge, merchant ; Teige O'Halloran of Ennis, 
yeoman, Rory, son of Daniel Farrell of Ballykellchcr, 
Fearbisse MacConna of Ballymacconna, and Redmond 
McWalter of the same. Meeting Dermot O'Brien one 
day at Sixmilebridge, he asked him by what authority 
the rebels despoiled the Protestants; he produced the 
written authority of the Earl of Thomond, authorizing 
him and his friends to take into their custody the goods 
of the Protestants, as a means of preserving them from 
destruction, as they pretended. Chaplin goes on to state 
that, after the first siege of Ballyalley, he repaired 
to Bunratty. There he learned that, about the 15 th of 
May, the Earl had written to Winter Bridgeman 
and Maurice Cuffe, commanding them to commit no 
depredations on the country people because that the 
principal gentry of the county were at the siege o( the 
castle of Limerick. He declares his conviction that the 
Earl of Thomond is fomenting the rebellion, and tells us 
that John M'Namara of Moyriesk had been appointed 
Treasurer, or " General Warrant," with power to levy a 
tax of thirty shillings on each ploughland, to enable the 
Catholics to carry on their expedition to Ross against 
the Marquess of Ormond. George Waters of Ennis, mer- 
chant, deposes that his losses in wool, hides, linen, and 
woollen goods, and in money, together with debts due to 
him amounted to ^2,067. His debtors were Sir Daniel 
O'Brien of Ballykett, Daniel O'Brien of Dough, Conor 
O'Brien of Ballymacooda, Daniel O'Shanny of Bally- 
shanny, Charles Keane of Lisluinaghan, Conor O'Brien 
of Leamaneh, Gilladuff O'Shaughnessy of Bcalnalicka, 
Ruan MacBrody of Bunheale, Loghlen Hchir, Elizabeth 
Bourke, Daniel O'Grady of Clonroad, Patk. Keating of 


Ballinbrocky, Hugh Clancy of Kildeena, and Clancy of 
Curragh. The Rev. Neptune Blood, in his deposition, 
declares that Dean Philip Flower of Kilfenora, lost a 
debt of .£40, due to him by Gorrall O' Flanagan, and his 
church living, worth ^120 a year, as well. 

Other depositions, relating to Kilfenora and its neigh- 
bourhood state, that Mr. William Kingsmill lost goods 
worth £196, besides debts due to him by the Rev. John 
Twembrock, and by Thos. Southwell of Ennis, dyer. His 
cattle were removed by Conor O'Brien of Leamaneh, 
Bryan Fitzpatrick of Noughaval, Donogh O'Cashey of 
Poulnalickey. He adds that, about the 25th of March 
last, Joshua Steele of Lbughbulligeen, Thomasina Steele, 
his wife, and Robt. Steele, his brother, were murdered by 
Turlogh O'Brien of Leamaneh, aided by James Oge 
Cashey of Ballygannor, John Hickey of Smithstown, Wm. 
Oge Neylan, and Brian O'Flanagan of Leamaneh. These 
facts were also sworn to by Marjory Steele, widow of 
Robert, and she supplied the further information that her 
goods were worth £iSy, and that the following persons, 
belonging to Kilfenora, had turned papists, viz. : — Edwd. 
Bastard, Roger Snares, and Edward Adams, together with 
their respective wives. In the remote parish of Killilagh, 
near Lisdoonvarna, one of the English adventurers 
gained a footing at Oughdarra. His name was Simson, 
and his losses are set down at ^314. His despoilers were 
Bryan FitzPatrick, Donogh O'Cashey of Poulnabrucky, 
James O'Cashey of Ballygannor, Conor O'Brien of Leam- 
aneh, John Hickey and Bryan O'Flanagan. Debts were 
due to him by Conor O'Brien, Danl. O'Hernane, and Wm. 
Kingsmill, all of them in actual rebellion. 

Sixmilebridge and its vicinity was another centre of the 
Protestant colonists. One of these, named Edward Main- 
waring, who resided at Killanena, deposed that he was 
deprived of property worth ^240, and turned out of his 
farms by his landlord, Patk. Morgan of Snaty, assisted by 


Daniel McNamara of Doon, Patrick Chockson of Kilagur- 
teen, Teige McNamara of Ballywire, Conor O'Daly of 
Fahy, Conor O'Brien of Ballymulcashel, and Richard White 
of Ibrickan. He was robbed of what he calls his writings, 
on his way from Limerick to Bunratty, by Dcrmot O'Brien of 
Dromore, aided by Donogh M'Namara of Cratloe, He 
was turned out of his house by James Lynch, a popish 
priest. His sheep were driven away by Donogh 
M'Namara of Ballykelly, and by Conor Clune of Kil- 
agurteen. He declares that, in the beginning of the 
rebellion, the Earl of Thomond, for the good of the 
country, as he pretended, appointed some of his own 
kindred, to wit, Dermot O'Brien of Dromore, Conor 
O'Brien of Ballymacoada, Donogh M'Namara of Cratloe, 
Teige, son of Daniel Reagh M'Namara of Tyredagh, 
and others, all Irish papists, to be captains, authorized 
to levy men in the county, and to raise a tax of seven 
shillings off each ploughland on Englisji and Irish 
equally. Subsequently, the captains and their soldiers went 
into open rebellion, and deprived most of the English of 
their goods, their arms, and eighteen of their castles. 
Although the Earl was permitted to retain his means of de- 
fence, in course of time the rebels appeared to care nothing 
for him. When the troubles began, an offer was made by 
about four hundred English and Dutchmen to defend them- 
selves by taking up arms, but the Earl would not permit it, 
alleging that such a course would excite the wrath of the 
Irish against them. Another inhabitant of Sixmilebridge, 
who seems from his name of John Comyn to be an Irish-, 
man, fled to Limerick for protection, and enumerates the 
various gentlemen of the county of Clare who were among , i 

the besiegers of the castle of that city, acting under the 
authority of the Confederation of Kilkenny. The , 
Depositions of Maurice Hickey of Rossmanagher, gent, and 
John Hinchey of Rossmanagher, husbandman, are given. 
Hickey says that, in August 1642, he lived at Ballycar, in . : 



the employment of George Colpoys. Being in a field of 
wheat with the reapers, he was assaulted, deprived of his 
dagger, and made a prisoner by Mahone M'Namara of 
Smithstown, and Teige Oge M'Namara, Ensign to Captain 
Sheeda M'Namara. He was informed by these that 
servants of Mr. Colpoys named John Shaw, and a man nick- 
named Spinola, had been imprisoned in Ennis jail. Hinchey 
testifies that, after they were liberated from prison, being on 
their way home, they were set upon and badly wounded by 
Daniel, son of Fineen M'Namara of Kilmurry, and by John, 
son of Teige, son of Sheeda M'Namara, now living at Bally- 
morris, Shaw died immediately after on the road side, and 
was buried before life had wholly left his body. 1 

After the Depositions we have here abstracted, 
only a few others, relating to the county of Clare, remain to 
be noticed. One of these refers to Ogonnello, and was 
made by Thomas Andrews of Ballinagleragh, who alleges 
that he was deprived of his surgical instruments, drugs, 
pots, glasses, etc., and lost a debt due by Thomas Bastard 
of Ogonnello. He states further, that John Burke, Esq., 
of Ballymulroony, pretending much friendship for him, 
persuaded him to deposit his goods in his custody. 
Desiring some time afterwards to take them away, he was 
set upon by Burke's wife Honora, by his son John, and by 
Donogh M'Namara, and assaulted. He deposes that 
Donogh Oge O'Molony of Ballymoloney assaulted him, on 
the highway, and robbed him of ^40 worth of property. A 
sworn statement, made by the Rev. Neptune Blood, is to 
the effect that he was despoiled of goods worth £iSo, as 
well as of church livings worth £140 yearly. His house at 
Killinaboy was pulled down. He lost debts amounting to 
£120, due to him by Pierce Comyn merchant, Mahone 
Oge O'Loghlen, Murrogh O'Brien of Tullagh, Donogh 
O'Brien, and Ross O'Loghlen of Faheybeg. His cattle 
were taken away by Hugh Hogan, and Teige O'Brien of 

1 This Deposition was not taken till Sept., 1653. 


Caherminnane. He adds that George Owens of Kilfenora 
was murdered by Teige FitzPatrick of Ballyshanny, and 
that Michael Hunt of Mooghna was slain by Simon Fitz- 

Urias Reade of Knockanean, parish of Doora, stone 
mason, says the property of which he was deprived 
amounted in value to £505. His despoilers were Redmond 
Neylan of Ballymacahill, and his brothers Walter and Flan, 
Donogh O'Brien, Conor O'Brien of Ballymacooda, and 
Conor O'Brien of Leamaneh. Dermot O'Brien came to his 
house and carried off a cullivar, a fowling piece, pikes and 
pitchforks, alleging at the same time, that he had acted on a 
warrant from the Earl of Thomond, directing that all the. 
English should be disarmed. He used these words, " By 
my soul, Urias," quoth he, " I would not do it had I not 
been commanded by his Lordship." After that time, 
almost every cow-boy pillaged the English at his will. 

John Smith of Lattoon, swears his losses amounted to 
;£i,354, including his lease for a life of Lattoon, and his 
outlay upon buildings and sea embankments. Oliver 
Delahoyde of Fomerla, with fifty men came, on the night of 
the 15th of January, 1642, and stripped him of part of his 
goods. The work of spoliation was subsequently com- 
pleted by the MacNamaras of Moyriesk, Bally hannon, and 
Knoppoge ; by Roland Burke of Inge, and by Loghlen 
Maclnerney of Ballykilty. 

Mary Young of Coonagh, near Limerick, which then 
formed part of the county of Clare, had her goods carried 
off by Daniel M'Namara of Cratloe, Fineen, and Thomas 
M'Namara of Knockbohilly, Daniel and Murtagh O'Brien of 
Glanagross, Murtagh O'Kelly of the same, John Kelly and 
Dermot O'Haly of Coonagh, Daniel Bane of Cooldrinagh. 
John Roe MacNamara of Kilmurry, and James Sarsfield of 

Lastly, Francis Ham of Sixmilebridge, glover, lost his 
goods by the act of Rory Roe of that place, cottoner. 




LIKE all the other Catholic Irishmen of the time, the Catholic 
people of Clare took an active interest in the proceedings 
of the Confederation of Kilkenny, and they sent deputies 
from the county to attend its meetings. 1 Murrogh Baron, 
and afterwards Earl of Inchiquin, called Morrogh-an- 
Toitain, (of the burnings), formed an exception. He was 
conspicuous by his activity and military skill in those 
troubled days. At one moment he was a Confederate 
Catholic, at another a Protestant and a Parliamentarian. 
After changing his political and religious creed no less than 
four times, he at last died a Catholic His exploits belong 
to the general history of the country, but it may be 
assumed, that, amongst his followers and soldiers, were 
many of his kinsmen, and tenants from Clare. His 
powerful relative, Barnabas, Earl of Thomond, while in 
religion he steadily adhered to Protestantism, was no less 
wavering in his political principles. As may be seen, in 
the Depositions of the dispossessed Protestants of Clare, his 
fidelity to the English was much a subject of doubt, and as 
it was a matter of the utmost importance to the contending 
parties to secure the support of so powerful a noble, each 
tried to win him over to its side. His sympathies leaned 
towards the cause of the King and the Confederate 
Catholics, but he was forced to receive into his castle of 
Bunratty, where he then resided, a garrison of Parlia- 
mentary English. These had been brought over from 

1 The deputies were Conor O'Brien and Dermot O'Brien of Dromore — 

of Ballymacooda, Daniel O'Brien of vide History of "the Irish Confederation, 

Carrownakilla, Edmund Comyn of by Gilbert, vol. ii, page 212. 
Inchbeg, MacNamara of boon, 



England by a part of the Parliamentarian fleet commanded 
by Sir William Penn, and had arrived in the Shannon on 
the nth of March, 1646. 1 On its way upwards, from the 
mouth of the river, the soldiers on board had perpetrated 
various atrocities on the inhabitants along the banks. It 
anchored off Bunratty, on the same evening, between six and 
seven o'clock, and a trumpeter was immediately despatched 
to the Earl, with a letter from Sir William Penn, and from 
Lieut Colonel MacAdam, who commanded on board. He 
professed to receive the message kindly, and knowing the 
King's cause to be desperate, promised to take the side 
of the new comers against the Catholics. After certain 
negociations had been concluded the next day, between the 
English, and Sir Teige MacMahon, Bart., of Clonderalaw, 
on the part of the Earl, — that nobleman himself not 
appearing at the conference, — they landed 700 men on an 
island contiguous to Bunratty. Captain Huntly meeting 
them there, invited their chiefs, on behalf of Thomond, to 
come and confer with him at his place of residence. They 
found him still irresolute and evasive, but by acting upon 
his hopes and his fears, they succeded in binding him 
irrevocably to the cause of the Parliament of England. 
They then dined with him, and it was arranged that the 
soldiers should march over, the same evening, from the 
island, and be quartered in the out-buildings surrounding 
the castle. One of the ships, loaded with military supplies, 
which the pilot assured them might go up the river Ogarney, 
within three cables length of Bunratty, with five fathoms of 
depth at low water, grounded on a ledge of rocks, six feet 
high, at the north side of the river, and was not got off 
without difficulty, and sustaining severe damage. 

It was determined that the fleet should remain in the 
Shannon, at a convenient distance, so as to send military 

1 This is the Sir William Penn so the celebrated Quaker, and founder of 
frequently referred to in Pepys' Diary. Pennsylvania. ^£*.'&C ^*^ a~~->S& 
He was the father of William Penn, ^ ,yc^*i£~~ — <*• ^* * * " * JT<£* 



stores and reinforcements to the garrison when wanted, 
and at the same time, intercept the trade of the river, from 
its mouth to Limerick. Such an obstacle as this to the 
traffic of an important city, could not be suffered to exist 
without the utmost detriment to the affairs of the Irish 
party. Neither could the possession, by strangers from 
England, of so important a fortress as Bunratty, placed as 
it was, in a most advantageous strategical situation, and 
situate in the midst of a Catholic country, be permitted 
without serious injury. The Confederates, accordingly 
resolved, that immediate steps should be taken for its 
recovery, and Lord Muskerry, General Purcell, General 
Stephenson, and Colonel Purcell, the three last being 
officers who had served in the- wars of Germany, were 
appointed to that duty. With these were associated 
Alexander MacDonnell, and Donogh O'Callaghan of Clon- 

Lieut-Colonel MacAdam, " a stout officer," in the 
meanwhile was not idle. He lost no time in making pre- 
parations for the defence of the castle. On the east it 
was protected by the river, on the south by a marsh, but 
on the other sides it became necessary to raise defences. 
A trench was dug round, from the river at the north side 
of the building, and carried on so as to enclose the rising 
ground upon which stood the church. An earthwork was 
raised at the place where now exists the mound between 
the garden and castle, and four pieces of cannon placed 
upon it At some distance from this platform, stood a 
small bastion, and behind this the church, the remains c t 
which yet exist. Around that part of the park, now called 
the church field, a trench deep and well flanked was dug 
as above stated, and into this fosse it was the intention ol 
the English that the water from the river should be made 
to flow. 

In 1646, Bunratty and its surroundings presented an 
aspect such as few places in Europe could rival. \\ ith a. 


feudal castle of enormous size and strength, girt round by 
offices capable of affording accommodation to a thousand 
men, and surrounded by a park of several thousand acres, 
it had been the principal residence of successive Kings and 
Earls ofThomond for many generations. From the hill 
above, a view of the Shannon and surrounding country for 
fifty miles around, every acre of which was the property of 
the O'Brien, was to be obtained. 1 The herd of deer was 
the finest in Ireland. ^Rinuccini is enthusiastic in his 
praises of the place. In a letter to his brother he says, 
" I have no hesitation in asserting that Bunratty is the most 
beautiful spot I have ever seen. In Italy there is nothing 
like the palace and grounds of Lord Thomond, nothing like 
its ponds and park, with its three thousand head of deer." 
His secretary, Massari, in a letter to the same nobleman, 
speaks of the castle and its site as the most delightful place 
he had seen in Ireland. " Nothing," he says, " could be 
more beautiful, and the palace is fit for an emperor." 2 

Before this fortress, Muskerry with his army sat down, 
almost immediately after its occupation by the Puritans. 
He took at first, upon quarter, a castle which stood at the 
entrance into the park, and in which the enemy had placed 
some musqueteers, and he next fixed his camp in the 
neighbourhood of the outworks. His soldiers supplied 
themselves with venison, and the woods were preserved to 
afford fuel for cooking purposes. After some skirmishing, 
he succeeded in obtaining possession of all the ground on 
the outer side of the broad deep trench which had been 
dug round, on the west side of the church, and then settled 
himself there, in such a position that, being protected by 
the earthworks of the trench, and by gabions and hurdles 
set up by himself, he could not be annoyed by the 
cannon either of the castle or of the platform before it. 

1 One hundred and thirty years Brody saw in the stables, sixty trained 
afterwards, Arthur Young describes horses for the use of the Earl and his 
this view as " very noble." family. Propugnamlum Catholica 

2 Rinuccini Papers. — Friar Anthony I 'critatis, page 960. 


Equal skill and bravery, in carrying on the siege and in 
making the defence, were exhibited by both parties. 
The besieged, being supplied with men from the ships, 
frequently sallied out, but were as often diven back, and 
owing to the proximity of the hill and other causes, their 
sallies did little harm. In one of them, however, on the 
1st of April, Captain Magrath, Commander-in-Chief of the 
Irish horse, was wounded. A rout followed, in which 
large numbers of the Confederate army were taken prisoners 
by the Protestants. In the afternoon of the same day, a 
general attack was made on the Confederate camp at Six- 
milebridge, where a hot engagement ensued, terminating in 
the capture of the camp and in the pursuit for two miles, of 
its defenders. Two hundred and fifty bags of oatmeal, and 
some other provisions were found in the camp, a most 
seasonable relief to the Parliamentarians, whose stores were 
well nigh exhausted. Captain Magrath and a lieutenant 
who had also been wounded, died, and both were buried 
honourably, with three volleys of small shot. 

A little before this time, Muskerry had made every 
exertion to distract the attention of the besieged, so as to 
lodge a number of his soldiers at a spot from which they 
might be able to assault the castle. He executed this 
manoeuvre successfully, but his men, hearing a noise which 
they imagined was the approach of cavalry, fled in terror, 
their sergeant being the first to take to his heels, relying 
on the too great indulgence hitherto conceded to acts of 
cowardice. At last, Lord Muskerry resolved to make a 
stern example of those poltroons, and the sergeant and ten 
of his soldiers were executed on the spot. To make up 
for this partial reverse, Lieut-Colonel MacAdam, while 
standing inside one of the windows of the castle, was 
killed by an accidental shot fired from a field piece placed 
among some gabions on the hill above the castle. His loss 
was irreparable, and it soon led to the surrender of the 
place to the Catholics. During part of the time of the pro- 


secution of the siege, they were stimulated to exertion by 
the arrival in their camp of Rinuccini, the Papal Legate, on 
the 1st of July. He lodged outside the rampart, in a hovel 
built of earth and covered with straw, and he stayed with 
the Irish till the place was given up, on the 13th day of i 

that month. The victors found in the castle valuable fur- 
niture, plate, and other spoils. Munitions of war and 
standards were also captured. These latter the Nuncio 
caused to be brought to Limerick, and carried, through the 
town in solemn procession to the Cathedral of St. Mary, 
where a Te Deum was sung to celebrate his victory over 
the heretic enemy. The defeated English fled by sea to 
Cork. Before its investiture by the Irish, the garrison of 
Bunratty had attacked the castles of Cappagh, Ros- 
managher,.then styled Captain Hunt's castle, the castle of 
Ballintea, then owned by John MacNamara, carried off 
200 cows, 250 sheep, 80 garrons, and killed many inoffen- 
sive country people, called by Sir William Penn, "rogues." 
Several important results followed from the capture of 
Bunratty. Among others, the Shannon was freed from the 
blockade caused by the English vessels, and perfect free- 
dom of trade established between the port of Limerick and 
the sea. 1 

Few materials relating to the history of Clare are found 
to exist from the year 1646 to 165 1. A Diary has been 
discovered relating to occurrences that took place in the 
latter year, and in the following pages we shall give an 
abstract of what it states relative to our county. 

Previous to, and during the progress of the siege of 

1 By a curious coincidence, we have the third in the letters of Rinuccini, 

no less than three accounts, by eye- Hunziatura in Irlanda, printed at 

witnesses of the siege of Bunratty castle Florence, and in the Rinuccini Papers 

in 1646. The first is in Billing's War in thepossession of His Eminence Car- 

of Ireland, contained in Desiderata dinal Moian. Penn had formed, at Low 

Curiosa Hibernica,Yo\. ii.,p. 332 ; the Island, a depot into which he gathered 

next in the Memorials of Sir William cattle, sheep, and horses, plundered 

Fain, Duncan, London, 1833 ; and. from the surrounding country. 


Limerick, in the Summer and Autumn of 165 1, Ireton sent 
detachments of his troops from that city into the county 
of Clare to reduce its inhabitants into submission. On the 
29th of May, he received letters from Captain Branly, 
commanding a Parliamentarian ship in the Shannon, cer- 
tifying that he had taken Sir Teige M'Mahon's castle 
of Clonderalavv, that he had fortified the place, and had 
repulsed the previous owners in their attempt to repossess 
themselves of it. In the same month, Ireton effected a 
passage across the Shannon at Killaloe, and at O'Brien's 
bridge, in the face of the Irish Confederates under Lord 
Castlehaven. A minute account of the efforts made by the 
English to force their way over the river is given by an eye- 
witness in Ireton's army, and we here give an abstract of it 
as well as of the other proceedings described by the same 
writer. On Friday, the 23rd of May, Ireton approached 
Killaloe from the Tipperary side. He found Castlehaven 
strongly posted on the opposite bank. By some mistake, 
that commander had demolished the Bishop's house then 
situated close to and partly in the water, and, from its 
situation, calculated to furnish a useful means of defence. 
Ireton seized the small island below the town of Killaloe, 
and there concentrated some boats and other appliances for 
crossing the river. That, however, was but a feint, his real 
intentions being to get over at O'Brien's bridge, at which 
place no bridge then existed, the old one made of wood 
having long since disappeared. Various unforeseen diffi- 
culties presented themselves during the progress of his 
preparations, and " a day was set apart for seeking God 
that He would be pleased gratiously to afford us His pre- 
sence and direct us in our way, walking hitherto in 
darknesse and professing to each other that we knew not 
what to do." At last, all obstacles being overcome, at 
break of day on the 2nd of June, Capt. Draper, of Col. 
Sadler's regiment,, was ordered to fall down the stream with 
three files of firelocks and to pass to the Clare side at 


O'Brien's bridge. That task he performed with the utmost 
success in spite of every opposition, and having attached 
ropes to his boats, in the space of one hour, no less than 
five hundred men were ferried over from the Tipperary 
shore. The soldiers whom the Irish general had ap- 
pointed to guard the river, fled from their post at O'Brien's 
bridge, and Ingoldsby who had been detached with three 
hundred horse, made good a passage at the rapids of 

At the Doonass side he encountered certain detachments 
of the Irish on their way to Limerick, and after killing some 
of their number, took possession of a small cannon which 
they had with them. Ireton and Ludlow, with the forces 
under their command, were equally fortunate, for on the 
same day, they were ferried across the Shannon at Killaloe, 
and thence proceeded to join their comrades at O'Brien's 
bridge. Early on the following morning, the united army 
marched towards Limerick, on their way attacking and 
putting to flight, at a place called Forboe, somewhere about 
Parteen, a party sent out of the city to oppose their pro- 
gress. No time was lost in laying siege in form to Limerick. 
Earth works were thrown up at the Clare side of Thomond 
bridge, and the ships in the- river were ordered up with the 
guns. These had just arrived from the mouth of the 
Shannon after the taking of the castle of Carrigaholt from 
Sir Daniel O'Brien. 1 A body of soldiers, consisting of 
2,000 foot, 12 troops of horse, and 8 troops of dragoons, 
was detached into the county of Clare under command of 
Ludlow. He traversed the county during nearly a week, 
and in that interval he blew up Carrigaholt, engaged and 
put to rout a considerable body of the Irish near Ennis, 

1 In a month afterwards Carrigaholt there, and a ship laden with salt 

was re-taken by the forces under com- was seized. That commodity being 

mand of David Roche and Murtagh very scarce in Limerick, a quantity 

O'Brien. Several cannons, powder, was sent there. Cardinal Moran's 

and other war material were found Spidlegium Osscriensc, vol. i., p. 377. 


and slew, at Inchicronan, Conor O'Brien of Leamaneh, 
" a Colonel of Horse, the most considerable man of the 
county, though not acting in chief; he was the most 
lamented in the county, and his cutting off gave a stop to 
the proceedings of the enemy and did break that Regiment 
of Horse commanded by him." Immediately after Ludlow 
returned to Limerick, the Clare forces, under David Roche, 
son of Lord Fermoy, sent a message from Quin, by a woman, 
to Hugh O'Neill, Commander-in-Chief of the Garrison of 
Limerick, to the effect that they were about to come to his 
aid, and that they would wait at Sixmilebridge to learn 
from him how they could best render assistance. The 
woman was intercepted by the English at Thomondgate, 
and being conducted into the presence of one of their generals 
whom she was taught to believe to be O'Neill, she delivered 
.her message. The information she possessed being ex- 
tracted from the poor creature, they hanged her, " for fear 
of giving further intelligence," as they said. Another mes- 
senger from Roche to the Governor of Limerick was caught. 
He bore an intimation that, on the night of the 31st of 
July, a light should be exhibited from the mountain 
of Glenagross, indicating to the garrison that relief from 
Clare was coming. To meet these forces, the English 
strengthened their guards at Fybogh (Meelick), Pass, and 
at other points on the Thomond side of the town, and 
Colonel Ingoldsby, with a body of horse and dragoons was 
sent to Sixmilebridge to confront the Catholics ; 
he there learned that they had marched in a body of 2,500 
strong from Ennis to Doon, on the boundary of Galway, and 
he returned to Limerick. 

In a little time, we find the English in possession of 
Clonroad. From that place, early in September, they came 
to lay siege to Clare Castle. Gradually they spread them- 
selves over the whole county and subjected every place of 
strength to their authoritv. On the 8th of September, 


Ireton visited Bunratty castle, and finding it well adapted 
for baking bread, and for the purposes of a magazine, he 
placed in it, Captain Preston, with his troop of horse and 
company of foot, with instructions to plunder the country 
and lay up the spoil in the castle to serve as a future 
provision for supplying the wants of the army. 

Clare castle was surrendered to Ludlow on the ist of 
November, by Captains William Butler, and Donogh 
O'Connor, acting on behalf of Colonel MacEgan, the Gover- 
nor, who was then absent. The usual terms accorded to 
the Irish garrisons by Cromwell and his Lieutenants, 
were conceded to- the defenders of Clare. They were 
at liberty to march out with bag and baggage, and such 
Of them as desired, " except Romish priests, Jesuits, 
and Friars" to live in protection, should have liberty so 
to do, submitting themselves to all Ordinances of Parlia- 
ment 1 

We here give further particulars of Ludlow's raid 
into Clare, taken from his own account. His force, marching 
towards Inchicronan, were overtaken by the night at Six- 
milebridge, where one of the horses that carried the medicine 
chest fell into the river and was drowned. On the following 
day, they arrived before Clare Castle, and their leader lost no 
time in summoning it to surrender. Although the place was 
of very great strength, the garrison agreed to give it up, 
and they marched out the following morning, each man 
returning to his own home. Ludlow, after placing a 
garrison in it, under command of Colonel Foulk, proceeded 
towards Carrigaholt. On his way to that place, a cold 
which he had taken at Clare castle, by lying in his tent 
during a stormy and chilly night, became so aggravated, 
that his Adjutant-General, Allen, earnestly pressed him to 

1 The foregoing has been condensed Gilbert's History of Affairs in Ireland 

from a Diary of Parliamentary Forces, from 1641 to 1652. Dublin, 1SS0, 

1651- Clarendon State, Papers, 1651, vol. iii., part. 2, p. 22S. 
No. 5S7. Bodleian Library; cited in 


go on board one of the ships that attended the army with 
ammunition, artillery, and provisions. Being unwilling to 
quit his men, he covered himself, over his buff coat, with 
another of fur, and then placing over all an oiled wrapper, 
he betook himself to his own bed in an Irish cabin. There, 
he fell into so violent a perspiration before morning, that 
he was obliged to detain two troops of horse for his pro- 
tection till it should have ceased, while the rest of the party 
marched westwards. After an interval of two hours, 
although the perspiration had not gone off, he took horse 
designing to overtake them. The wind and hail beat so 
furiously in their faces, that the horses tried, several times, 
to turn about for shelter, and in course of the day, the foot 
had to wade over an arm of the sea, nearly a quarter of a 
mile broad, up to their waist in water. At night, they 
arrived within sight of Carrigaholt, their commander's 
distemper being but little abated. Next day they sum- 
moned the castle, which, after some parleying, was given up 
on the day following. A garrison being placed there, Ludlow, 
with the remainder, turned their faces towards Limerick. 
On their way back, they were met by Ireton, and it was 
arranged between them that they should proceed to Burren, 
" of which it is said that it is a country where there is not 
water enough to drown a man, wood enough to hang one, 
nor earth enough to bury him, which last is so scarce that 
the inhabitants steal it from each other, and yet their cattle 
are very fat, for the grass growing in turfs of earth of two 
or three foot square, that lie between the rocks, which are 
of limestone, is very sweet and nourishing. Being in 
these parts, we went to Leamaneh, a house of that Conor 
O'Brien, whom we had killed at Inchicronan, and finding 
it indifferent strong, being built with stone, and having a 
good wall about it, we put a garrison into it and furnished 
it with all things necessary." On the day following, Ireton, 
with a party of horse, proceeded to look at other places 
where he designed to post garrisons, with a view to the 


prevention of provisions being sent to Galvvay. The 
weather being stormy and inclement, he took a severe cold, 
but he could not be persuaded to go to bed at Leamanch, 
till he had decided a complaint laid before him, 
against one of his officers, for some violence done to the 
Irish. Next day, the whole party proceeded towards Clare 
castle, over a way so rocky, that they rode nearly three 
miles together upon one of them, whereby most of the 
horses cast their shoes, and although every troop came 
provided with horse shoes, by the end of the day a horse 
shoe was sold for five shillings. At Clare castle, on the 
subsequent morning, the lady Honoria O'Brien, daughter of 
the deceased Earl of Thomond, being accused of protecting 
the goods and cattle of the enemy, under the pretence that 
they belonged to her, and thereby abusing the Deputy's 
safeguard, came before Ireton, and being charged by him 
with it, and told " that he expected a more ingenious 
carriage from her," she burst into tears, and assured him 
that if he would forgive her, she would never do the like 
again. She asked Ludlow to intercede for her ; he did so, , 
and Ireton in reply said, "As much a cynic as I am, the 
tears of that woman moved me " and thereupon gave order 
that his protection should be continued to her. From 
hence, that is from Clare castle, Ludlow was persuaded by 
Ireton to go to Bunratty castle, and it being Saturday, to 
stay there till the following Monday, in order to promote 
his recovery from the cold from which he suffered. When 
he came to Limerick, on the day last named, he found the 
Deputy lying very ill, after having been let blood, and 
sweating exceedingly, with a burning fever upon him, at the 
same time. In spite of his illness, he continued to make 
arrangements for placing his army in winter quarters, that 
being all that now remained to be done of the military 
service for that year. The disease proved too strong 
for his constitution, and he succumbed to it in some days 


In the following year, the people of Burren, relying on 
the security of their places of retreat, refused to pay the 
contributions they had promised. Upon this, Sir Hardress 
Waller laid the country waste, and seized whatever property 
he could find there, so that it might be no longer useful to 
the enemy. 1 

It does not fall within the scope of this history to 
narrate the events of the struggle between the power of 
England, and the Roman Catholics of Ireland as repre- 
sented by the Confederation of Kilkenny. The contest 
lasted for nine years, and during its existence the gentry 
and. people of the county of Clare were largely involved in it. 
In the Depositions given in former pages, we see how 
several of the principal men of the county had repaired to 
Limerick to give their aid to the besieged in that 
city.. We find, among the names of persons who, in 
1646, signed the Declaration of Catholic Demands, ad- 
dressed to Charles I., those of Bartholomew Stacpoole of 
Limerick, Christopher O'Brien of Inchiquin, Conor O'Brien 
of Ballymacooda, Daniel MacNamara of Doon, Dermot 
O'Brien of Dromore, Fineen FitzPatrick of Lisdoonvarna, 
and John MacNamara of Moyriesk. 2 During the progress 
of the strife, Clare, in common with all the rest of Ireland, 
suffered severely. The lives of its people were sacrificed 
in the many battles that took place in the period between 
1642 and 165 1, in the latter of which years the Lieutenants 
of Cromwell completed the ruin of the county. A con- 
temporary account of its condition in 1653 is here given : — 
" The difficulties of the Government were increased by the 
reports arriving from Connaught, from the earliest trans- 
planters to the families they left behind preparing to follow, 
who were thereby discouraged. They found the country 
a waste. In the summer of this year, the famine was so 
sore that the natives had eaten up all the horses they could 

1 Memoirs of Edmund Ludlcnu. Ve- 2 Ilibernia Dominicana . 

vey (Switzerland), 1698, vol.i., p. 377. 


get, and were feeding upon one another, the living eating 
the dead. 1 The county of Clare was totally ruined, and 
almost destitute of inhabitants. Out of nine baronies, com- 
prising 1,300 townlands, not above forty townlands at the 
most, lying in the barony of Bunratty, were inhabited in 
the month of June, 1653, except some few persons living 
for safety in garrisons. Scarce a place to shelter in. 
The castles, either sleighted by gunpowder, as dangerous 
to be left in the hands of the Irish, or occupied by the 
English soldier}', or by the ancient Irish proprietors, who 
looked on the Transplanters as enemies liable to supplant 
them, and therefore encouraged their followers to give 
them rough reception. Besides this, the Loughrea Com- 
missioners gave some of the earliest Transplanters assign- 
ments in the barony of Burren, one of the barrenest, where 
it was commonly said there was not wood enough to hang 
a man, water enough to drown him, or earth enough to 
bury him. Edmond Dogherty, mason, presented a peti- 
tion, -certified by the Commissioners at Loughrea, containing 
a demand on the Commissioners for the Settlement of the 
affairs of Ireland, for the sum of .£32 10s. "for demolishing 
thirteen castles in y* county of Clare at -£2 10s. each 
castle," which was allowed accordingly." 2 

A census of the county was taken in 1659 by Sir 
William Petty. It gives a melancholy proof of the ruin 
and devastation wrought upon the country by the recent 
wars. The whole population of Clare was found to consist 
of 16,474 Irish Catholics, and 440 English Protestants. 
Petty furnishes the names and numbers of the principal 
Irish families in the several baronies. He also enumerates 
the townlands, with the population of each, distinguishing 
the members of the two races, and specifying by name, 
the principal occupier, and where a townland was wholly 

1 Mereur. Politiats, June 8, 1653, erafs Records, Vol. v., p. 188, cited 
page 2516, apud Prendergast's Ctom- in Prendergast's Cromxfellian Settle- 
Wtllian Settlement, p. 121. merit, p. 121. 

2 ( 2 ) tfi P' 20 5" ^ ati ^ uc ti tor Gen- 


farmed by the same person, giving to him the Spanish title 
of " Titulado." We reproduce here his account of the 
names and number of the several Irish families in the 
various baronies : — Bunratty, Upper and Lower. — 
Hogan, 22; Hassett, 11; Halloran, 36; Hickey, 25; 
Hartigan, 9; Haneen, 9; Mclncrncy, 29 ; Mcjames, 11 ; 
McLoghlen, 19; McMurrogh, 13; Murphy, 11; Meehan, 

9 ; Moloney, 47 ; McMahon, 27 ; Mahony, 7 ; Mulloon, 
McMurtagh, McNamara, 124; Kennedy, 14; Kelly, 9; 
Neylan, 8; O'Neill, 9 ; Nihill 12; Power, 12; Oualey, 9 ; 
Roche, 7 ; McRory, 21 ; Ruddane, 9 ; Roughan, 12 ; Ryan 

10 ; Slattery, 10 ; Sexton, 1 1 ; Stritch, 7 ; McThomas, 10 ; 

McWilliam, 3 ; Walsh, 8 ; White, 16. Tulla, Upper 

AND LOWER. — Arthur, 7 ; O'Brien, 37 ; Brody, 10; Butler, 

25 ; Bourke, 24 ; Barry, 18 ; Carmody, 8 ; O'Connor, 24; 

Comane, &c, 11 ; Cusack, 21 ; O'Connell, 7; McCarthy, 

16; Cunigane, 8; O'Callaghan, 19; Callinan, 8; Creagh, 

6 ; Cullen, 9 ; Clancy, 8 ; O'Carrol, Cooncy, 9 ; McDonogh, 

22 ; McDermot, 7 ; McDwyre, 36 ; Daly, 9 ; Doogan, 9 ; 

Fox, 6; Feolane, 8 ; FitzGerald, 10; Gleeson, 10; O'Grady, 

n; O'Halloran, 30; O'Hea, 20; Hehir, 7; Harold, 7; 

Hart, 6; Hogan, 25; Hennessy, 6; Hickey, 27; Heffer- 

nan, 8; Healy, 15; Kelly, 10; Keogh, 12; McLoghlen, 

12; Lynch, 7; Molony, 80 ; Murphy, 15; McMahon, 12; 

McNamara, 168; Mahony, 12; Magrath, 9 ; Moynihan, 

10 ; Maher, 7 ; Neylan, 8 ; O'Neill, 6 ; Nash, 8 ; Prender- 

gast, 17; Power, 11; Stacpoole, 7; Sullivan, &c, 21; 

Sweeney, 11; Mac William, 14; White, 7; Walsh, 5; 

Wall, 7. INCHIQUIN.— O'Brien, 23; Bourke, 11; Culli- 

nan, 13; O'Connor, 13; Connellan, 14; McCarthy, 6; 

O'Donoghue, 5; McDonogh, 9; M'Donnell, &c, 13 5 

O'Dea, 11; McEncroe, 9; Griffy, 21; FitzGerald, 10; 

Hennessy, 8 ; Hynes, 7; Hogan, 13 ; Hehir, 12 ; Howard, 

(O'Huir, 7) ; FitzMaurice, 9 ; Neylan, 15 ; MacOwcn, 10; 

Quin, 10; Ryan, 10; Roche, 6; Rowe, 7; McShane, 7; 

O'Shcahan, S; McTeige, 13; White, 7- ISLANDS.— 

2 B 

3 86 


Boland, 7 ; Bourke, 9 ; O'Connell, 7 ; Corbanc, 5 
O'Connor, 17 ; Considine, 12 ; Clancy, 6 ; McDonnell, 16 
Daly, 14 ; O'Gorman, 9 ; O'Griffy, 7 ; FitzGcrald, 8 
O'Hea, 7 ; Halloran, 7 ; O'Hehir, 14 ; O'Hally, 12; Hogan 
6 ; Mclncargy, 9 ; McMahon, 19 ; O'Meolanc, 7 
Moloney, 8 ; Meehan, 7 ; Neylan, 9 ; Sexton, 8 ; Slattcry 
11 ; Sullivan, 6 ; McTeige, 15 ; Walsh, 10. Clonderalaw 
—O'Brien, 7 ; Bourke, 7; Culligan, 8; Callaghan,7 ; Carthy 
8 ; McDonnell, 10 ; McDermot, 6 ; McEdmond, 6 ; Fitz 
Gerald, 16 ; O'Griffy, 5 ; Kelly, 9 ; McMahon, 17 
McMurrogh, 6; Oge, 6; McShane, 12; McSweeney, 5 
CORCOMROE.— O'Brien, 1 1 ; Boy, 7 ; Cahill, 8 ; Cusack, 7 
O'Connor, 24 ; McCarthy, 8 ; Clancy, 5 ; McDonogh, 9 
McDonnell, 7 ; McDermot, 5 ; FitzGerald, 5 ; Hogan, 9 
Hanrahan, 6 ; Mclncarrigga 6 ; Liddy, 6 ; McMahon 
9; Murphy, 5 ; Sullivan, 12 ; McTeige, 13 
MOYARTA. — Cahane, O'Connor, 14; McDonnell, 6 
6 ; O'Dea, 7 ; FitzGerald, 8 ; O'Gormon, 6 ; Hurley, 8 
Lynch, 5; Lyne, 7; Molony, 6; McMahon, 21; Fitz 
Maurice, 10 ; Madigan, 5 ; Kelly, 12 ; Sullivan, 7 ; Scanlan, 
11; McShane, 10; McTeige, 6. BURREN. — O'Brien, 7; 
O'Connor, 5 ; McCarthy, 5 ; McDonogh, 16 ; Daly, 10 ; 
Davoren, 13; McDermot, 6; McFineen, 6; O'Hea, 6; 
Hynes, 5 ; O'Loghlen. 22 ; McShane, 6 ; McTeige, 8. 
IBRICKAN. — Creagh,6; Clancy, 10; McCarthys; O'Connor, 
1 1 ; Casey, 5 ; Clovane, 5 ; Hiernane, 8 ; Hickey, 5 ; 
Lyne, 7 ; McMahon, 8 ; Moriarty, 8 ; Moloney, 7 ; 
McNamara, 1 1 ; Shea, 5 ; Sullivan, 4 ; McTeige, 4. 

It is obvious that in the foregoing list the names of 
several families are wrongly given. The census was 
taken, apparently by those who had been employed by 
Sir William Petty to make the Down Survey of the 
county, and as that was their primary duty, the business 
of taking an account of the people was only a subsidiary 
part of their work. Hence, we find inaccuracies both of 
names and numbers abounding in it. The aggregate, 


too, as given for the various baronies and for the whole 
county is extremely doubtful. Still, it may be regarded 
as an approximation, and it shows most eloquently the 
extent of the destruction of life brought upon the land 
by the wars between the foreign plunderers and the 
native population. It was made for Petty's own use, 
and his copy of it was accidentally discovered, a few 
years ago, amongst his papers, in the collection of his 
descendant, the Marquis of Lansdowne. 1 

Cromwell's generals were not content with slaughtering 
the people. They seized upon hundreds, and putting them 
on board ships waiting at Cork to receive them, trans- 
ported them to Barbadoes. In an account of Clare, written 
by Hugh Bridgall in 1680, he says "that the county being 
populous enough before the rebellion, in 165 1, 52, and 53, 
it was so afflicted with sword, famine, pestilence, and 
banishment of the natives as scarce left any inhabitants 
therein, but now it beginneth again to be stored with 
people, and containeth 30,000 souls, whereof near 2,000 
may be Protestants and English by birth and descent." 
We here give instances of the merciless harshness of 
Ingoldsby and other officers of Cromwell's army in their 
treatment of the unfortunate natives of this county. His 
soldiers are stated to have murdered one hundred of the 
Irish in the baronies of Tulla and Bunratty, although they 
were under protection ; and two of his officers namely, 
Captains Stace and Apers put to death five hundred fami- 
lies in the baronies of Islands, Ibrickan, Clonderalaw and 
Moyarta, notwithstanding that they also had received pro- 
tection. 3 Another instance of Colonel Henry Ingoldsby 's 
savagery is given. Daniel Connery, a gentleman of 
Clare, was sentenced in Morrison's presence, in 1657, by 

1 A copy of Petty's Census of the 2 Petrie's MSS. in Royal Irish Acad- 

Counties of Ireland, authenticated by emy. 

the signature of Mr. Harding, the 3 See Blake Forster's Irish Chief- 

discoverer of the original, is deposited tains, p. 406, where no authority for 

in the library of the Royal Irish this statement is given. 


Ingoldsby, to banishment for harbouring a priest. He had 
a wife and twelve children. His wife fell sick and died 
in poverty. Three of his daughters, beautiful girls, were 
transported to Barbadoes " and there, if still alive, they are 
miserable slaves." 1 

During those disastrous times, it was to be lamented 
that the heads of the great family of O'Brien lent their 
support to the cause of the English invader. Barnabas, 
Earl of Thomond, retired to England and resided there till 
his death in 1657. In a previous chapter, some reference 
has been made to Murrogh, Earl of Inchiquin, and to his 
tergiversations. He, without doubt, was a prime cause of 
the misfortunes of his native land. Born in a high rank, 
with great natural endowments, and educated as a soldier, 
in the best military school of Europe in those days, 
namely, the wars of Spain, his history reads like a romance. 
Early in the Civil War of Ireland he came to the front, 
and his whole conduct during its progress, proved him to 
be an unscrupulous politician, and at the same time an able 
general. After his final defeat by Cromwell's Independents, 
he retired to France ; there his well known ability was 
soon recognised, and he was successively appointed Governor 
of Majorca, Viceroy of Catalonia, and Commander of the 
Auxiliary Force destined by France to aid the Portuguese 
against Spain. In his progress by sea to Catalonia, the 
ship in which he sailed was attacked by Moorish pirates 
and the whole crew carried into captivity. By some 
influence, unknown to us, the Council which governed 
England, immediately after the death of Cromwell, made 
a demand upon the Dey of Algiers for the release of 
Inchiquin and his son, and their requisition was at once 
complied with. In 1662 "the famous soldier in Ireland" 

' Morrison's Tkrenodia Hibemo- families, although " in protection.'' 

Catkolica, Inspruck, 1659, page 287, Account of Causes etc., of the Re- 

as cited in Prendergast's Cromwellian hellion of 1641, by Dr. Curry. 

Settlement, p. 90. In 1644, the gar- London, 1 747. 
rison of Inchicronan murdered forty 



was named commander of the expedition fitted out at 
Dunkirk to co-operate with Portugal against Spain. After- 
wards, he returned home and was for some years President 
of Munster. His death occurred in 1674, and he died in 
the Catholic religion, as was testified by the bequests his 
will contained, among others, of twenty pounds to the 
friars of Ennis for masses for his soul. He also directed 
that his remains should be privately buried in St. Mary's 
Cathedral, Limerick. It appears he married a second wife 
after the death of the daughter of St. Lcger. 1 A tradition 
exists in Limerick, that his body was taken out of the coffin 
by the Catholics and thrown into the Shannon. A few 
years since, in making some alterations in the floor of St. 
Mary's, a coffin containing a quantity of shrouding, but no 
body, was dug up. It was supposed to have been the 
coffin of Murrocrh-an-Tothaine. 

1 " He (Inchiquin), continues his pen- 
ance with a Dutch wife, who is furious 
against the Catholic religion, and 
keeps her husband in a continued state 
of penance " Memoirs of the Mission, 
in England, of the Capuchin Friars 
of the proznnce of Paris, from the year 
1630 to 1669. By Father Cyprian 

de Gamach, one of the Capuchins 
belonging to the household of Hen- 
rietta Maria, Queen of Charles I., 
quoted in the Appendix to vol. ii. of 
The Court and Times of Charles I. 
By the author of the Memoirs of Sophia 
Dorothea. London, 1S48. 




A.D. 1653. Ireland being now finally conquered, and 
the inhabitants, for the most part extirpated, the next step 
was to settle upon it a new proprietary. With that design 
an Act was passed in the British Parliament, in September 
of this year, setting out in detail, a scheme by which a 
survey was to be made, and lots drawn, by the soldiers 
and by certain persons who had previously advanced money 
for the prosecution of the war against the Irish, and who 
were, on that account, called Adventurers. By the terms of 
that Act no part of the County of Clare was to fall to the 
share of these latter. Like the province of Connaught, it 
was reserved for papists who had not taken arms against 
Cromwell or English Rule, and also for such of the soldiers 
as could not be supplied with lands in Leinster or the other 
counties of Munster. For this reason, we do not discover 
the name of any Adventurer amongst the new settlers in 
Clare. 1 On the other hand, we find the names of Sarsfield, 
Nugent, Arthur, Creagh, Blake, Bourke, Butler, and others 
who were called " Innocent Papists ; " these being turned 
out of their homes in other counties, were transplanted into 
Clare to make room for the new settlers. For the purpose 
of assigning the lands, certain Commissioners were ap- 
pointed by the Act of Settlement. These Commissions sat 
at Athlone, and subsequently at Loughrea, and by their 
instrumentality, great numbers of people were placed 
in their new holdings. Others, however, failed to procure 
locations, and with the object of inquiring into their claims 
and adjudicating upon them, a new Commission was nomi- 
nated, which in 1677, and the following years sat at Dublin. 

1 See list of the Adventurers in Trendergast's Cromwellian Settlement, p. 401. 


Some of those that remained unsupplied, got lands from 
these New Commissioners. They heard the causes of the 
various claimants who came before them, and then, in 
those cases where a right was proved, they issued Decrees 
ordaining that lands should be given in Clare or in Con- 
naught, specifying those lands, and setting forth with great 
minuteness, the amount of Quit Rent which was to be paid 
out of each denomination. A complete collection of these 
Decrees exists in the Public Record Office, Dublin, and from 
an inspection of it we are enabled to say, that many of 
those who appear in the book of Distributions and Forfeit- 
ures, as allottees of lands in Clare, were transplanted 
persons. The collection is entitled " Inrolments of Con- 
naught Certificates," and it consists of eight large bundles, 
each bundle containing about eighty skins of parchment. 
We give here a condensed specimen of one of these peti- 
tions: — 

"Whereas Constance Davoren, on the 19th of August, 
in the 28th year of the reign of Charles II., petitioned and 
claimed before the Commissioners, several lands formerly 
set out to his father Hugh, as a transplanted person, by the 
then pretended Commissioners sitting at Loughrea, upon a 
decreee obtained by him from the then pretended Com- 
missioners sitting at Athlone, for settling the claims ot 
persons then transplanted into Connaught and Clare : He 
now prays for our certificate, setting out his title as a means 
to enable him to sue out Letters Patent in Chancery : And 
whereas his claim came on for hearing before us, on the 30th 
of September, in the 28th year of Charles II., we find that 
the lands of Lislarheen were forfeited in the rebellion of 
1641, and set out to Hugh Davoren by the Loughrea 

Commissioners, acting on the decree of the Athlone Com- 

missioners, and we decree that letters patent be now passed 

to Constance Davoren, granting to him the said lands of 

Lislarheen. Dated the 16th day of February, in tiic -Qin 

year of Charles II. [1676]." 


Similar Decrees were made by these Commissioners of 
1676, authorising the issue of Letters Patent of lands to the 
following persons : — Fineen M'Xamara, the lands of \ 

Dromin, parish of St. Patrick ; Paul Strange, Carranreagh, 
alias Knockalough, barony of Clonderalaw ; and Muckroish, 
barony of Bunratty Upper ; Murtagh Dowling, Sonnagh 
and Scalpanagowan, parish of Inchicronan ; Simon Eaton, 
Clondrinagh and Coolmeen, parish of Kilfiddane ; Bryan 
Magrath, his cause being heard, Feaquin was given to him 
on account of deficiency; Peter Bolgier, Mountallon ; Sir 
Oliver Bourk, Bart., and Mary his wife claimed lands set 
out by the Loughrea and Athlone Commissioners, to his 
father Sir David Bourke, Bart., and to Pierce Crcagh fitz 
Andrew, the former husband of Lady Bourke, both of whom 
were Transplanted Papists. Claim granted and letters 
patent ordered to issue for the lands of Clonbrickenmore 
and Moneanoe, parish of Doora ; and Shyan, barony of 
Clonderalaw. Edmond Dwyer, son of a Transplanted 
Papist, got Ardskeagh ; Mary Hughes or Hure, a 
daughter of a Transplanted Papist, received Coolmeen. 
Nicholas Stritch, son of a Transplanted Papist, got Kil- 
leagy, Shanaknock and Carrowmore. In the character of 
a Trustee for Barbara Comyn, wife of Laurence Comyn, 
Patrick Stritch was granted the lands of Glenslead, Bally- 
mihill, and Eanty, in the parish of Killcorney. Laurence 
Comyn received Lisduane, Lislarheen, Crough south, and 
Fodrim ; George Clancy got Kilulla, Lislea, and Moyalloe, 
parish of Dromline ; and Killukelly in the parish of Kilseily. 
Nicholas White obtained the lands of Ballybrohane, near 
Sixmilebridge. Certain lands had been assigned by the 
Athlone and Loughrea Commissioners to John Comyn, and 
to Margaret, daughter of Dame Joan White. These grants 
were confirmed by the Commissioners of 1676. Hugh 
Sweeney got Ballyconnoe and other lands in the parish of 
Killeany. Thomas Meade and Catherine, his wife, had 
various denominations in Burren. William Yorke, Esq., 



received the lands of Cahercanavan, in the barony of Clon- 
deralaw ; and Lord Powerscourt acquired many townlands 
in the barony of Corcomroe. 

We also give as specimens, Abstracts of two Decrees of 
the Commissioners for carrying into effect the Act of 
Settlement. These are taken from Roll 5, p. 55, in the 
Public Record Office, Dublin. 

" Innocent Papists. — Petition, dated 6th of November, in 
the 14th year of Charles II. 

To His Majesty's Commissioners for the Act of 
Settlement, &c. 

The Petition of John MacNamara of Cratloe, Esq., sets 
forth as follows : — His grandfather, Daniel MacNamara of 
Knopoge, was owner of Cratloe-moyle, with its mill-seat, 
of Ballymorris, and Garryncurra, together with Knopcge, 
Dangan, and many other denominations near Ouin. He 
was also entitled to Chief Rents from numerous townlands 
in the baronies of Upper and Lower Bunratty, in virtue of 
his right to the chief rents laid upon them in the fourteenth 
century. He died in 1643, having settled, by Deed of 29th 
May, 1638, all his property to his own use for his life, and 
after his death, part of it to the use of his son Donogh,and 
of Donogh's wife, Dame Margaret O'Shaughnessy, and 
after their death, to the use of their eldest son and heir, 
who was John the claimant, and his heirs male, and so to 
the claimant's other brothers, Donoghand Daniel, and their 
heirs male. Daniel MacNamara, the grandfather of the 
claimant, died in 1643, and Donogh, his father, in 1652. 
After that time, Claimant and his mother continued in posses- 
sion till iC expulsed " by the late usurped power, that is, by 
Cromwell. He describes himself as being always an 
innocent person, constantly faithful and loyal to Charles 1 1., 
and to his father, and as having served the King abroad. 
On these grounds he prays to be restored to his estates. 
On the 16th of July, in the 15th year of Charles II., his 
claim was heard at the Kind's Inns, Dublin, and the Court 


pronounced in his favour, but finding that part of his 
estates had been already set out and assigned to certain 
transplanted papists, viz. : — to Pierce Creagh and Laurence 
White, in satisfaction for their former properties, the Court 
ordered and decreed that John M'Namara should be restored 
to the remainder, Creagh and White not to be disturbed 
unless they were reprised or restored to their former estates. 
As to the chief rents he claimed they make no order. 
The effect of their decision was, that he lost these rents as 
well as the lands he owned at Quin and its neighbourhood, 
and that he was obliged to content himself with Cratloe- 
moyle, Ballymorris, and Garryncurra, as the only remnant 
of a large property, remaining to the chief representative of 
the MacNamara Finn, of Dangan and Knopoge. The 
Court was composed of the following members : — Richard 
Rainsford, Sir Edward Dering, Sir Thomas Beverley, 
Sir Edward Smith Broderick, Edward Cooke, and Winston 

Roll ii, page 35. — Inrollments of Innocents. — Abstract 
of Decree. — Whereas John Cooper of Meelick, county of 
Clare, Esq., and Mary his wife, previously widow of 
Conor O'Brien of Leamaneh, Esq., on behalf of Donogh 
O'Brien, the son and heir of said Conor and of his two 
daughters Honora and Mary, all three minors, made their 
claim before the late Commissioners for carrying into effect 
the Act of Settlement, on the 6th of October in the thir- 
teenth year of Charles II., and set forth that Conor O'Brien, 
in his lifetime, was owner, amongst other lands of the fol- 
lowing, viz. : — Leamaneh, Cahermoyle, Caherfadda, Bally- 
murphy, Clooneens, Moherballanagh, Ballygriffy, Ard- 
kearney, Aughrim, Ballyportrey, Inchicuolaght, Derry, 
Ballyashie, Ballyinshecn, Ballynabunny, Moylegrane, 
Ballynealane, Gortlahane, Dromniga, Carrownoowle, 
Turlaghmore, Kiltock, Aglish, Feanmanagh, Tullyna- 
chorna, Carrowmadara, Roughan, Teeska, Leana, Killin- 
aboy, Tubbermaley, Cahermacun, Moilreanc, Toul- 



coolickey, Fehafane, Caherpolla, Poulaphoria, Ran- 
nagh, Kilmaglassy, Magouha, Kilnoe, Cragganboy, 
Tonelegee, Gortnaglogh, and Maghera. They further set 
forth, that said Conor, being so seized, did by his Deed of 
Feoffment, dated the 19th of October, 1639, in considera- 
tion of a marriage between him the said Conor, and his 
then wife Mary O'Brien, the daughter of Turlogh Roe 
MacMahon, late of Clonderalaw, Esq., deceased, and of a 
sum of one thousand pounds, the portion received by the 
said Conor with the said Mary, convey the premises to 
John McXamara, and Turlogh McMahon, tothe following 
uses : — that they should be seized of Leamaneh, Caher- 
moyle, Caherfadda, Ballymurphy, Cloneens, and Moher- 
ballanagh, to the use of said Conor O'Brien and Mary 
McMahon his wife for their lives, and for the life of the 
survivor, remainder to their issue male, in tail male. The 
trustees were to raise a sum of one thousand pounds for 
the first daughter of the marriage, at her age of sixteen 
years, and eight hundred pounds for each of the younger 
daughters. They further set forth, that the surviving chil- 
dren of the marriage were Honora, born in November, 
1645, Mary, in 1650, and Donogh. They further set forth, 
that Conor O'Brien was slain in his Majesty's service, and 
that the estate came to Mary, his widow, with remainder 
expectant to his son Donogh and his heir male ; that they 
were dispossessed by the late " Usurped Powers ; " that the 
children were brought up in the Protestant religion ; and 
they pray to be restored to their property. A final hearing 
of their case was had on Friday, the 21st of August, in 
the 15th year of Charles II. in open Court, and it appearing 
to the Court that Donogh O'Brien was, and is an Innocent 
Protestant, and that his father Conor, was in possession of 
the premises, on the 22nd of October, 164 1, a Decree was 
made, giving him the property, saving the rights ot Bryan 
Goodwin, Mat. O'Hea, James Bourke, Teige Kerin, Mat 
Griffa, More and James Brody, and William Barry. This 


Decree is signed by the same Commissioners, who adjudi- 
cated on the claim of John McNamara. 1 With a view to 
the apportionment of the County Clare amongst the new 
owners, according to the terms of the Act of Settlement, it 
was necessary that the acreable contents, as well as the 
quality of the soil of the several townlands should be ascer- 
tained. A survey of the County which had been made by 
order of Strafford during his Viceroyalty, although a very 
complete one as regards the area of the various townlands, 
was found to be useless for the purpose of partition, 
because no maps accompanied it. 2 Hence Sir William Petty 
was ordered to make a survey, which was to give the 
quantity of land in each townland, parish, and barony, 
distinguishing the profitable from the unprofitable. Maps, 
on a scale of forty perches to an inch, were to be also traced 
out. Unfortunately, by a fire which burned down the 
Surveyor General's office in 171 1, many of the sheets con- 
taining the survey of Clare were destroyed. Copies of those 
that remain, comprehending the maps of the baronies of 
Upper and Lower Bunratty, Corcomroe, and Moyarta, have 
been made and yet exist, but of the remaining divisions of 
the county, none of the maps have survived to our time. 
As far as these maps go, they are of great interest as giving 
the names and boundaries of the townlands and parishes, 
as well as the topographical state of the county at the 
time they were laid down. They were accompanied by 
books of reference, in which were set down the names of 
the old proprietors, and the quantity of profitable and waste 
ground in each townland. After some years, and 
after many changes and removals of the new owners from 

'On claiming her jointure before -Strafford's survey set out the names 

the Court of Claims in 1662, Mrs. of the various Irish proprietors, as 

Cooper was charged with committing well as the area of their possessions, 

murder, in the year 1642. She pleaded It was burned, with other records of 

innocence of the charge. and the King's great value, in Dublin, in 1711 See 

pardon grounded on her innocence. Harding's articles on Irish Surveys 

See Prendergast's Cromv/tlliaii Settle- in Transactions of the Royal Irish 

me/it, p. 6S. Academy. 


one denomination to another, a book was constructed upon 
the basis of the survey, called the Book of Forfeitures and 
Distributions. In the following pages will be found a tran- 
script of this book as far as it relates to Clare. It is taken 
from the original which, together with the Down Survey 
maps, are kept in the Public Record Office, Dublin. In a 
great many instances, the names of the townlands set down 
in the maps and index, are different from those by 
which they are known in our day, but every exertion has 
been made to identify them and connect them with the 
Denominations as given on the Ordnance Survey maps. 
Those who were employed by Sir William Petty to survey 
the country being chiefly Englishmen, they could only 
write the names of places phonetically, in accordance with 
the sounds, in the Irish language, in which they were desig- 
nated to them by the natives. They were further made, 
owing to incorrect information, sometimes to group several 
townlands under one designation entirely different from the 
proper names. All this makes it impossible now to reconcile, 
in every instance, their nomenclature with that of the Ord- 
nance surveyors. A quit rent was placed upon the arable 
parts of the newly granted lands, and soon after the survey 
had been concluded, and the share of each new owner 
assigned to him in 1666, and following years, the quit 
rent payable out of every denomination, was fixed in 
such a way that the waste parts were exempted from 
payment To ascertain the waste portions, two survey- 
ors had been sent in 1658, to make a personal inspection 
of every townland in the county. These were George 
Purdon, and Giles Vandeleur, ancestors of the well-known 
and respectable families of that name who yet reside in the 
county. 1 

In perusing the lists of those to whom the lands of 

1 George Punlon was the nephew See inscription on his tomb in the 
of John Bourke, Esq., of Tinerana; Cathedral Church of Killaloe. 


Clare were granted under the Acts of Settlement and 
Explanation, it will be noticed that the greater part of 
the county was given to the O'Briens and to those whom 
we have previously described as innocent papists. 





Proprietors in 1641. 

To whom disposed of. 

Bunratty and 
Aylebeg 1 

Earl of Thomond. 

Earl of Thomond. 




(part of Clon- 



Carrowatta, (Deer- 
park, and Wood- 



Ballyglassny, and 



(part of Bun- 



Ballinock, (part of 



Ballycunneen. 2 






J The whole parish of Bunratty belonged 
to the Earl of Thomond, and formed that 
magnificent park so highly lauded by Rinuc- 
•cini and his secretary. 

In the year 1663, John Cooper, Esq., is 
returned, in the list of tenants of Clare, as 
liable for the subsidy levied upon the whole 
parish of Bunratty. lie was, therefore, the 
tenant of the Earl for all the lands in the 

2 Ballycunneen is incorrectly placed here. 

It belongs to the parish of Drumline. 

During the reign of Queen Anne, the 
Earl of Thomond made letting*, in perpe- 
tuity, of the whole of this parish to the fol- 
lowing persons : —, to Thomas 
Studdert, Esq., at the yearly rent ol /..I20. 
Clonmoney, to Messrs. R<>1 t. and John 
Westropp, yearly rent ^.iSo. Ballycun- 
neen, to Michl. Hickey, yearly rent. .{,20. 
Bunratty Park, to Edwd. Dalton, E.-q., 
yearly rent £jo. 





Proprietors in 1641. 

To whom disposed of. 


Mahone Oge MacNamara. 

Sir Henry Ingoldsby. 1 


Teige and Conor Oge Mac 




John MacNamara of Ralahine; 
Daniel, son of Donogh Mac 
Inerney ; Murtagh, son of 
Donogh Maclnerney. 

Same. 2 


Bishop of Killaloe. 

Bishop of Killaloe. 3 


Earl of Thomond. 

EarlofThomond 4 

Killulla, (Ulla, a 
burying place ; 
a stone altar 

Earl of Thomond; John Clancy; 
Teige Clancy. 

Earl of Thomond ; 
John Clancy, (a 
Transplanted Papist) 
Sir H. Ingoldsby. 

1 Sir Henry Ingoldsby, Bart., to -whom 
many denominations of land were granted 
under the Cromwellian Settlement, was son 
of Elizabeth Cromwell, niece of the Pro- 
tector. He was an able officer of the Par- 
liamentary army, and his proceedings in the 
subjugation of the South of Ireland were 
rigorous and merciless in the extreme. He 
married the daughter of Sir Hardress Waller 
of Castletown, Co. Limerick, another Pres- 
byterian like himself. 

2 In 1659, The " Titukulo " of Caherteige 
was John O'Ruddane. This Spanish term 
Titulado, is used by Sir William Petty, in a 
census of Ireland taken by him in 1659, to 
denote the tenants who held from the great 
grantees under the Act of Settlement. These 
were in Clare, the Earl of Thomond, Lord 
Inchiquin, Lord Clare, the Bishops of Kill- 
aloe and Kilfenora, Sir Henry Ingoldsby, 
and others. The Titulados appear to have 

held their lands by limited tenures, scarcely 
any of their descendants being now, or for a 
long time past, found in the county. They 
were a little Protestant garrison scattered 
through the country, and placed there to co- 
operate with the other Cromwellians to 
whom lands had been assigned, in keeping 
down the Catholic inhabitants. Petty's 
census was discovered by the late Mr. Har- 
dinge amongst the papers preserved in the 
collection of the Marquis of Lansdowne. 
A transcript, made by him, is deposited in 
the Royal Irish Acadamy. 

J In 1659, Roger Ilickey was Titulado of 
Clonloghan, and in 166 1, Win. Ilartwell was 
the Bishop's tenant. 

4 In 1659, Wm. Sarsfield was Titulado of 
Drumgeely, and in 1663, Patrick Sarsfield 
was tenant. Afterwards, Robert Hickman 
had a lease of Drumgeely at the yearly rent 
Of ^20. 




Proprietors in 1641. 

To whom disposed of. 


Daniel, son of Conor ; John 
Oge ; and Donogh, son of 

Mahone MacNamara. 

Sir Henry Ingoldsby. 1 


Richard Clancy; Tcige Clancy. 

Same.' 2 


Nicholas Fanning ; ;! Teige 
Don Maclnerney ; Daniel, 
son of Mahone Maclner- 

Sir Henry Ingoldsby. 4 


Earl of Thomond ; John and 
Teige Clancy. 

Earl of Thomond ; 
Geo. Clancy ; Sir H. 


Nicholas Fanning. 

Sir Henry Ingoldsby. 


Conor Oge MacNamara ; 
Hugh Clancy ; Cormuck 
Hickey ; Rory, son of Logh- 
len MacNamara. 

Same. 5 


Earl of Thomond ; Dermot, 
son of Daniel ; Patrick, son 
of Donogh ; Conor, son of 
Loghlen ; and Teige Mac 


1 1n 1663, Turlogh O'Brien was tenant of 
Leamaneigh and Ballynoo.->k. 

* In 1663, George Clancy was tenant of 
Killulla and Lisarinka. 

3 Nicholas Fanning was Mayor of Lim- 
erick in 1630, and was, doubtless, a morta- 
gce of these lands in 1641. 

4 In 1663, Thomas Cullen. Esq., was 
tenant of Lisconor and Lismacleane. 

5 In 1659, Daniel O'Brien, gent., was 
Titulado, and in 1663, Cormuck Hickey 
was tenant of Tullyglass. 

"In 1659, Tierce Arthur, gent., was Titu- 
lado of Tullyvarraga. 

2 C 





Proprietors in 1641. 

To whom disposed of. 


Crossagh, (Strea- 
ked, Seamed). 


(Druim Laighean, 


Moyullaan (App- 



Earl of Thomond. 

Teige, Donogh,and John, sons 
of Cumara MacXamara ; 
Conor Oge, and John, son of 
Cumara, son of Teige Mac- 

Donogh, son of Mahone Mac- 

John Clancy; Teige Clancy. 

Earl of Thomond. 


John Clancy ; John Mac- 

Conor Oge ; Teige and John, 
sons of Cumara MacXamara. 

Earl of Thomond. 

Earl of Thomond. 1 
Sir Henry Ingoldsby. 

George Clancy ; Sir 
Henry Ingoldsby.' 2 

Sir Henry Ingoldsby, 

Earl of Thomond. 4 

Sir Henry Ingoldsby. 5 

George Clancy ; Sir 
Henry Ingoldsby. 

Sir Henry Ingoldsby. 6 
Earl of Thomond. 7 

a In 1610, Conor, son of Teige Mac- 
Namara of Smithstown, claimed Ballycasey- 
beg as against the Earl of Thomond, but in 
vain. Clare Inquisitions, supra. 

-Tenant of Crossagh in 1663, Donagh na 
Croishe MacNamara. 

3 Tenant of Culleen in 1663, George Clancy. 

4 Titulados of Drumline in 1659, Daniel 
MacNamara, and John his son. 

5 Tenant of Knocknecullin in 1663, Cor- 
muck Hickey ; of Ballycasey, John Reddan 
and Michael Leaver ; of Ballycuneen, 

Michl. Stritch; and of Enagh, Maurice 

^Titulado of Smithstown in 1659, Maurice 
O'llalloran, gent. 

7 Titulado of Tullyvarraga in 1659. Richard 
Clancy, gent. 

In the reign of Queen Anne, the Earl of 
Thomond made a lease for ever, to John 
Miller E>q., of Ballycaseybeg, at the yearly 
rent of .£100, and of Lrumline to Thos. 
Westropp Esq., at the yearly rent of ^70. 





Proprietors in 1641. 

To whom disposed of. 


Earl of Thomond. 

Earl of Thomond. 1 






Same. 2 


Earl of Thomond; John 


Same; and Lord Clare. 3 


Earl of Thomond. 

Earl of Thomond. 4 


Ballycally. 5 

Earl of Thomond. 

In strife between Bryan, son 
of Daniel MacMahon, and 
Pierce Creaeh. 

Earl of Thomond. 

Sir Henry Ingoldsby; 
Teige MacMahon. 

1 Titulado of Ardkyle, in 1659, Oliver 
Bourke, gent. Tenant of same in 1663, 
Daniel MacNamara. 

2 Tenant of Feenagh in" 1663, Thos. Fan- 
ning. Mrs. Wilson became tenant, in 
perpetuity, of Feenagh in 1712. 

3 Tenants of Rath in 1663, Wm. Furefoy, 
Esq., and Jeremiah Reeves. 

4 Titulados of Rosmanagher in 1659, John 
Tomkins, Edmond Somers, John Leo, and 
Michael Fitzgerald. Tenant in 1663, John 
Conyers. In 1610, Rosmanagher was 
claimed from the Earl, by Mahone, son of 
Donogh MacNamara, of Kilkishen, but his 
claim was disallowed. See supra, Clare 
Inquisitions for that year. In 1642, the 
castle of Rosmanagher was occupied by a 
man named Christian Coule. The lion. 
Robert O'Brien, in his notes to Dineley's 
Journal, mentions that in 1675, Abraham 

Dester obtained from the Earl of Thomond, 
a lease of the castle and two plow-lands, at 
£103 10s. yearly rent. The lease was after- 
wards converted into a fee-farm grant, and 
the lands belong still to the same family, 
who have assumed the name of D'Esterre. 
Its present representative is Henry V. 
D'Esterre, Esq., J. P., of Rosmanagher. 

During Queen Anne's reign the Earl of 
Thomond made leases in perpetuity 01 the 
following lands in this parish, in addition to 
Rosmanagher :— Ardkyle to John Hickie, at 
the yearly rent of £$ ; Feenagh, to R. 
Wilson, yearly rent £35 ; Seersha to Thos. 
Vandeleur, yearly rent £4. 

In 1663, Thomas Cullen, Esq., was 
tenant of the townlands of Stone- 
hall, Carrowbane, and Inishmacnaghtari ; 
John Reddan of Ballycalla ; and Pierce 
Creagh, ot Garrynamona and Rineanna. In 





Proprietors in 1641 

To whom disposed of. 





Feenish Island, 
(Fidh-inis, Woody 



Teige, son of Murtagh Mac- 

Nichalas Fanning. 


Earl of Thomond ; In strife 
between Bryan MacMahon 
and Pierce Creagh. 

Earl of Thomond. 

Earl of Thomond ; Bryan, son 
Turlogh MacMahon. 

Patrick Sarsfield ; John Mac- 
Namara of Rathfolan ; Earl 
of Thomond ; Bryan, son of 
Turlogh MacMahon; in strife 
between Turlogh, son of Ken- 
nedy MacMahon and Pierce 

Donogh O'Brien. 

Sir Henry Ingoldsby. 

Earl of Thomond. 

Sir Henry Ingoldsby ; 
Earl of Thomond. 

Teige MacMahon ; Sir 
Henry Ingoldsby. 

1661, Thomas Cullen of Stonehall, was High 
Sheriff of Clare. He was one of the first 
Justices of the Peace appointed for the 
County in 1662, and was evidently a man of 
position and authority. More than twenty 
years before this time (in 1635), he was one 
of a civil survey jury, at an Inquisition held 
at Clare. After the expiration of his lease, 
he appears to have left Stonehall, for it was 
acquired by Sir Donogh O'Brien of Dromo- 
land, from Sir Henry Ingoldsby. Sir Donogh 
settled it, with other large estates beside, 
upon Henry, the son of his second marriage. 
This Henry resided at Stonehall, until his 

marriage with Miss Stafford of Blatherwycke 
Park in Northamptonshire, to which place 
he removed, and it has continued to be the 
principal residence of his descendants up to 
this time. 

In the above list the townlands of 
Ballyhennessy and Carrigerry are omitted. 
Ballyhennessy was let, in the reign of Queen 
Anne, by the Earl of Thomond, to Thomas 
Spaight, Richard Wilson, and James Fitz- 
gerald, at the yearly rent of £20, by- lease 
for ever ; Inishmacnaghtan to Henry 
O'Brien, at £33 per annum ; and Feenish 
Island to James Fitzgerald, at £zo. 




Proprietors in 1641. 

To whom disposed of. 


Ballycullen, (Beal- 
a-cuillen), and 
Ballynevan ^ 

Ballymulcashel. 4 

Ballyroe,and Castle- 
crine. 7 

John, son of Mahone Finn 
O'Ruddane, and his nephew 
John, son of Teige O'Rud- 

Earl of Thomond ; Thomas 
Fanning; Sir Daniel O'Brien; 
Mahone, son of John Mac- 

Earl of Thomond : 
O'Brien. 5 


Teige, son of Sheeda Mac- 


Peter Crainsborough ; 2 
(afterwards Captain 
Daniel Molony). 

Peter Crainsborough ;' 3 
Lord Clare; Earl of 

Barth. Stacpoole ; Earl 
of Thomond. 

Robert Dixon ; Peter 
Crainsborough ; Wra. 

Col. William Purefoy 
Castlecrine ; Earl of 
Thomond; Dominick 

1 Ardmaclancy. — The tomb of this Teige 
O'Ruddane is in the old church of Kil- 
finaghta. and his epitaph will be found 
where I have described that building. The 
lands of Ardmaclancy and Ballysheenbeg 
subsequently became the property of Daniel 
Molony, a Captain in O'Brien's Regiment 
of Foot, who was attainted for his adherence 
to the cau>e of James II. His lands were 
sold in consequence, by the Chichester 
House Commissioners in 1703," to Thomas 
St. John of Ballymulcashel, Esq., for £zG$>. 
See Book of Sales in Library of King's Inns, 

2 In the abstracts of grants under the Acts 
of Explanation and Settlement, Peter 
Crainsborough is described as of " Water- 
ford, gent.; son of Marcus, Mercht.*' He 
was a Transplanted Papist. He sold his 
lands in Clare to Henry Ivers and others. 

3 Ballycullen. — The Thomas Fanning 
named as part proprietor of Ballycullen and 

Ballynevan, was a citizen of Limerick who, 
no doubt, was a mortgagee of tho-e lands. 

* Bally mitlcaskd. — Bartholomew Stacpoole 
was a citizen of Limerick. He was the *on 
of James Stacpoole of that place, who, in 
1636, married a daughter of Dr. Arthur. 
A curious account of the wedding presents 
bestowed upon her is found in the Arthur 
MSS. as given in Lenihan's HisLry or 
Limerick. This Bartholomew, in the 
female line, was the ancestor of the Earls 
of Limerick. 

3 Conor O'Brien, proprietor of Ballymul- 
cashel in i64l,was the grandson of Teige 
Oulta^h O'Brien. Clare Inquisitions, Six- 
milebridge, loth January. 162S. supra. 

6 Ballynevanbeg.— William Lysaght was 
Sheriff of Limerick city in 1630. Lenihan's 
History, p. 702. Nothing is known of 
Robert Dixon. 

" Ballyroe an J Castlecrine.— According to 
the Clare inquisitions, David O'Ruddane 


kilfinaghta tarish — continued. 

Town lands. 

Proprietors in 1 641. 

To whom disposed of. 

(Baile Oisin). 

John, son of Mahone Finn 
O'Ruddane; Daniel, son of 
Donagh Clancy. 

Peter Crainsborough ; 
(afterwards Captain 
Daniel Molony). 


Earl of Thomond. 

Earl of Thomond. 

Bunnabinnia, and 

Thomas Fanning ; Thomas 
Morris of Ballyluddane. 

Dominick Fanning. 

Cappagh north. 

Earl of Thomond. 

Earl of Thomond. 

Cappagh south. 




Daniel, son of Donogh Clancy. 

Bartholomew Stacpoole. 


See of Killaloe. 

Bishop of Killaloe ; 
(tenant, Mrs. Ste- 

Ballyerrill, and 
(Mount Ivers, 
and Iverstown ; 
Baile - ui-Farila, 
0' F a r r e 11 ' s 
town). 1 

Thomas Fanning. 

Thomas Green ; (after- 
wards Henry Ivers, as 
assignee of Green). 

was the owner of Ballyroe in 1610. 
Dominick Fanning was Mayor of Limerick 
in 1646. Of the Colonel William Purefoy, 
to whom grants of lands in this and other 
parishes were made, little is known. In 
1659, he was Titulado of Rosroe castle, 
and afterwards, in 16S3, he had a suit with 
Lord Clare touching the ownership of that 
place, but the confiscation of the Viscount's 
estates put an end to the matter. Note by 
the Hon. Robert O'Brien to Dinelcy's 

1 BallyarriUa (Mount Ivers). — Henry 
Ivers was " Titulado " at Ballymolony, 
parish of Killokennedy (vide Betty's census). 
He is thus described by Thomas Dineley in 

his Journal written in 16S0. [See/sr/mal 
of Kilkcitny Archccological Society, vol. i.. 
new series, 1S56-57, pages 170, &cj 
" Within a quarter of a mile of Sixmile- 
bridge is a castle belonging to Henry Iv c rs, 
Esq. The gentleman owner hereof, came 
over, [a young man, clerk to one Mr. 
Fowles, a barrister], since the King's 
Restoration, and hath, in this time, by his 
industry, acquired one thousand pounds a 
year. The first and chiefest of his rise was 
occasioned by being concerned in the 
revenue, as Clerk to the King's Com- 
missioners for settling the Quit Rents, and 
afterwards became the Deputy Receiver^ 
is now in the commission of the peace, not 




Proprietors in 1 64 1. 

To whom disposed of. 


Owen O'Mullowney. 

Earl of Thomond ; Thomas 

Dominick Fanning. 

Earl of Thomond ; 
Peter Crainsborough. 

■worth less than sixteen hundred pounds a 
year." In a note, written by the late lion. 
Robert O'Brien, at foot of this passage, he 
says, that Henry Ivers became patentee, 
under the Acts of Explanation and Settle- 
ment of 5,773 statute acres of profitable 
land, to which a further large area was added 
under the name of waste. By his patent of 
Ballyluddane East, adjoining Sixmilcl ridge, 
he obtained power to hold a Saturday 
market and two fairs yearly, on part of the 
lands of Ballyarrilla, alias Mount Ivers. In 
1668, he was appointed his agent by 
Colonel Daniel O'Brien, third Viscount 
Clare, and from him he obtained leases of 
considerable tracts of lands. He was 
married to the daughter of Captain 
Stephens of Ballysheen, was appointed 
Justice of the Peace in 1669, and High 
Sheriff in 1673. He died in 1691, and was 
succeeded by his son John, who was elected 
Member of Parliament for Clare in 1715. 
He is now represented by his descendant 
James Butler Ivers, Esq., J. P., of Mount 
Ivers. In reference to the Mr. Fowles 
above mentioned, Mr. O'Brien further 
writes, "The lands of Tarbert, County 
Kerry were, in 1666, possessed by Cornet 
John Cooper of Bunratty, a Cromwellian 
officer to whom the mother of Sir Donat 
O'Brien, (the well known Mary Roe) of 
Leamaneh and Dromoland was married, 
and by whose means the estates of Sir Donat 
were preserved at the general confiscation. 
Thomas Fowleof Dublin obtained a judg- 
ment for /"i,Soo, principal against Cooper, 
and seized his lands of Tarbert in execution. 
Afterwards, Fowles' executor let them to 
Henry Ivers for ^100 per annum, to be 
paid at Strongbow's Tomb. At the Chi- 
chester House sale of forfeited lands in 1702, 
Henry Ivers purchased several estates. In 
the adjoining town of Sixmilebridge, be- 

longing to the Earl of Thomond, several of 
the new Protestant settlers built houses. 
They found that residence in a town, in- 
habited by their co-religionists was con- 
ducive to their safety, and the Earl was 
desirous also to establish a Protestant colony 
at 'the place. On the adjacent townland of 
Cappa, he caused a residence for himself to 
be erected, and it appears to have been 
used as a hunting lodge. It was known by 
the name of Bunratty Lodge, and the town- 
land yet retains the name of Cappa Lodge. 
The rents, says the Hon. Mr. O'Brien, paid 
at that time for houses and plots of ground 
bear a very high proportion as compared 
with the value of lands. Ten pounds a 
year, with a covenant to rebuild, was the 
rent of a house and shop ; and ,£52 per 
annum that of a malt house at Sixmile- 
bridge. At the same time, the best land in 
the neighbourhood could be had for five 
shillings an acre, with a lease for ever. 

About the time of Queen Anne's reign, 
leases in perpetuity were made by Henry 
Earl of Thomond, of the following lands 
in this parish : Cappagh castle, to John 
Hickie and Thomas Spaight, yearly rent, 
£25 ; Cappagh Oilmills, to Robert Pease, 
and Mrs. Bew, yearly rent, ^30 ; of the 
town of Sixmilebridge, to Sir Donat 
O'Brien, Bart., yearly 'rent, ^125; Bally- 
sheen, to Henry Stephens, yearly rent. 
£30; Ballymulcashel, to Thomas St. John, 
yearly rent, £5 ; Cloonteen. to Cornelius 
Gillareagh, yearly rent, £2 ; Cappagh 
lodge, to Thomas Spaight. yearly rent, 
£30; Moygalla, to Richard Wilson, 
yearly rent, 227 5 Ballycullen, to the same, 
yearly rent, £16. . 

In 1664, the persons in occupation .of 
certain lands in this parish were as follows ; 
Ballyroe, Thomas Green ; Moygalla, Mat 
Curtis ; Ballymulcashel, George Bennis : 


KILFINAGHTA parish — continued. 


Proprietors in 1641 

To whom disposed of. 

Ballintlea. 1 
Ballybroughan. 2 
Ballyliddane East. 3 

Ballyliddane West. 
Bally morris. 4 

John MacNamara. 
Owen O'Molowney. 
Simon Morris. 

Earl of Thomond. 
Donogh MacNamara. 

Michael Creagh; 
Thomas Green. 

Earth. Stacpoole; 
Nicholas While. 

Earl of Thomond ; 
Fferdinando Weedon; 
Teige MacMahon; 
David White. 

Henry Ivers ; Thos. 
MacNamara ; Robt. 

John MacNamara. 

Cloonteen, Mort Sullivan ; Ballynevan, 
Wm. Rice ; Ballyarrila, John Stockton ; 
Ballysheenbeg, Mahone O'Ruddane ; Bally- 
sheenmore, Mrs. Stephenson ; Cappagh, 
north and south, Ralph Conyers. 

In 1664, and following years, the town of 
Sixmilebridge was made liable to ten pounds 
per annum as its portion of the subsidy tax 
levied on the County of Clare. 

1 Ballintlea. — In 1624, John, and Teige 
MacNamara of Ballintlea, claimed lands 
■which had been granted by patent to the 
Earl of Thomond, but their claim was dis- 
allowed, (see Clare Inquisitions, supra). In 
1663, Ballintlea was occupied by Thomas 
Green alone. 

2 Ball)broztghan. — Nicholas White was 
afterwards attainted, because of his adhesion 
to the cause of James II., and his estate of 
Ballybroughan was sold in 1703, by the 
Chichester House Commissioners to John 
Ivers. He had been originally a Trans- 
planted rapist. 

3 Ballyliddane. — About the year ifoS, the 
Earl of Thomond gave the lands of Bally- 
liddane to Simon Morris, in exchange for 
lands in the Barony of Moyarta ; (see Clare 
Inquisitions temp. Charles I., supra). In 

1624, James Morris claimed Ballyliddane as 
against the Earl to whom it had been 
recently granted by patent, but his claim 
was disallowed. James' widow was Honoria 
O'Brien (see Clare Inquisitions, supra). In 
1663, the Ballyliddanes were occupied by 
F. Weedon, Thomas Harold, and Wm. 

4 Ballymorris. — The Commissioners for 
settling the forfeited estates having granted 
Ballymorris and Cratloemoyle to Sir Henry 
Ingoldsby, under the Act of Settlement, 
claim was made to them, by John 
MacNamara, the ancient owner, and his 
right to them was confirmed by Decree of the 
Court of Claims, dated 16th July, 1663. 
[Appendix to i$th Annual A'e/ort on Irish 
Records, Dublin, 1S24.] In this townland 
is found a hill, called in Irish, Knockthurles, 
which means the hill of the fortress. It is 
situate in the vicinity of the Shannon, and 
it seems probable that it was a stronghold 
of the Danes. The name of the townland 
itself appears to be derived from one 
Maurice, a chieftain of the Danes, at 
Limerick, whose name is mentioned by 
Keating. In 1659, Ballymorris was occu- 
pied by Pat Brett and his son Francis. 

kilfixaghta parish — continued. 

Town lands. 


Proprietors in 1641. 

To whom disposed of. 

John, son of Sheeda Mac- 

Thomas Green. 

Gurtfinne, Kil- 
fintinan, Carro- 
gare, &: Moihill ; 
(now Brickhill, 
and Mo> hill). 1 

Towrore, & Bally- 
mote, (now Bal- 

Portdrine. 2 

Earl of Thomond. 



Earl of Thomond. 


Sir George Hamilton ; 
Earl of Thomond. 

1 Brickhill and Moyh ill. — These town- 
lands included the various sub-denomina- 
tions above mentioned. They were granted, 
in 1610 by patent, to the Earl of Thomond. 
In 1656, he leased them to Teige O'Brien 
and Giles Vandeleur at the yearly rent of 
£l°- In 1659, Vandeleur alone was tenant, 
and in 1675 he obtained a renewal of the 
lease. He was the ancestor of the Yan- 
deleurs of Ralahine and S xmilebridge. His 
father, a Dutchman, was the first of the 
name known in Clare. He occupied the 
mill at Sixmilebridge. and was a maltster 
and tanner there. His son Giles was ap- 
pointed Collector of Customs at Limerick, 
and soon became a man of importance, for 
we find him High Sheriff of Clare in 1664. 
About the year 16S0, Giles was employed 
with George Pardon, to adjust the incidence 
of the Crown Rents upon "the various pro- 
fitable lands in that county ; and in the 
course of his inquiries became well-ac- 
quainted with the character of the soil. 
When Dinoley visited Ireland in 16S0. he 
found Giles Vandeleur residing in the castle 
of Ralahine, the former residence of one of 
the MacXamaras who had been expelled, 
and he describes him as a Dutchman. In 
1687. he obtained a lease of lands at Kilrush 
and other places in the Barony of Moyarta 
from the Earl of Thomond. These h'e as- 

signed to his second son, the Rev. John 
Vandeleur, M.A., Rector of Kilrush, of 
whom it is recorded that he fought and was 
severely wounded at the battle of Aughrim. 
This John became tenant in fee farm to the 
Earl, of his manor of Kilrush. and was the 
ancestor of Captain Hector Vandeleur, the 
present proprietor of those extensive estates. 
Dincley gives the inscription on the tomb of 
Mrs. Vandeleur in St. Mary's Cathedral, 
Limerick. It sets forth that she was 
daughter of John Fitzgerald. Dean of Cork, 
by Miss Boyle, daughter of R. Boyle. Arch- 
bishop of Tuam. and that she died in 167S, 
aged 40 years, leaving issue eight son- and 
seven daughters. No trace of her m -nu- 
ment exists now in St. Mary's. (For the>e 
particulars, see Dinchys Journal with the 
notes of the Hon. Ruben O'Brien: L : ne- 
han's History of Limerick-, ApJiri's .'. - '/ins; 
massacres of 1641 ; Liber Muneruin 
nice.) As regards Teige O'Brien, Vai 
co-tenant, he obtained patent of son 
in the barony of Tulla. under the 
Settlement, but having joined Kin 
in 16S9, and become a captain i 
Clare's Dragoons, he was attainted, 
estate forfeited. TDalton, King Jinn 

3 I>ortJri7ie.— "The Lord Henrye ( 
Earl of Thomonde, IQ V Martii, II 

e lands 
Act of 

id his 






Proprietors in 1641. 

To whom disposed of. 

Whybogh, viz., 
M eelick, and 
acres. 1 

Owen, son of Mahone Cusack ; 
Loughlen MacMahonj James 
Oge White; John Stockaball; 
Patrick Sarsfield; FineenMac 
Namara ; John Reagh Mac 

Sir Henry Ingoldsby. 

lease unto me, for four score and nineteen 
years, three plowlands and a halfe in Crat- 
laghmore and Portreyne, at the rent of a 
red rose in midsummer, or a grain of pepper 
if it be demanded, upon condition that, if his 
honour, his heyres, exors., or assignes, die 
within six months after warning be given 
them by me, my heyres, and assigns, pay us 
in whole sum and entyre payment the sum 
of one thousand and fiftie pounds, sterling, 
with all arrears of interest thereof, then the 
said lease to be expired. Wm.Brickdale. Esq., 
and George Connessis, Esq., are bound 
with his honor in bunds of the statute staple 
for the warrantie and performance of cove- 
nants. His honor, by a special note under 
his hand, is bound to save me from all 
subsidies and other country charges to be 
imposed on that land during that mortgage. 
Edmond, Lord Baron -of Castlcconnell, who 
in right of his wife, Lady Margaret Thorn- 
ton, the relict of Donogh O'Brien of 
Carrigogunnil, was tenant of the said Earl 
in the premises did attorne tenant unto me, 
and payed me during his life, a hundred 
pounds rent thereout per annum. And since 
nis death, the said Lady Dowager Margaret, 
of Castleconnell, payed me duly every year, 
one hundred pounds sterling thereout until 
Easter, 1642, inclusively, but ever since 
then payed me no rent thereout, and yet 
detained the land until she deserted it in 
anno 1650." From Dr. Thos. Arthur's 
MS. Diary, quoted in Linehan's History of 
Limfrick, p. 144. In a marginal note, the 
land is said to contain in Kilnntinan, Port- 
reigne, 243 acres profitable, and 58,5 acres 
unprofitable; in Killeely parish, 250 profit- 
able, 1S3 unprofitable, in anno 1637, in 
Strafford's time. The Civil Survey jurors 

in 1635 were ; Rob. Stark ey, Turlogh 
M'Mahon, Paul M' Namara, Neptune Blood, 
Thos. Hickman, Capt. Thos. Cullcn, Thos. 
Clancy, Geo. Clancy, Thos. Fanning, and 
Geo. M 'Namara. It would appear that Sir 
Geo. Hamilton, Bart., of Nenagh, became 
the owner of this mortgage of Dr. Arthur, 
for in 1670, we find the lands of Cvatloemore 
and Portdrine assigned to him by the Com- 
missioners, under the Acl of Settlement, to 
hold them till the Earl of Thomond should 
discharge the mortgage for £1,050 due to 
Hamilton. (See Abstract of Grants under 
Act of Settlement, Dublin 1S24.) Portdrine 
in 1663, was occupied by Dr. Teige 

About the year 1712, the Earl of Tho- 
mond demised, by lease for ever, the lands 
of Brickhiil, Ballinfonta, Arc. to Mr. Thomas 
Hickman, at the yearly rent of £125 ; Bally- 
luddane west, to Henry Ivers, Esq., yearly 
rent £20 ; Moyhill to the Executor.-, of Char- 
les M'Donnell, Esq., yearly rent £99 13s. 9d.; 
and Ballyluddane east to Thomas White. 

' Melick. — By an Inquisition, held in 
Limerick in 1615, it was shown that Fibagh 
was owned by Thomas MacNamara, Owen 
MacMahone, and others ; that the lands 
of Knockalisheen, Ballycannan, C.ippanti- 
more, and Glannagross, were the property 
of the Earl of Thomond, and of D01 ogh, 
son of Teige O'Brien of Glannagross ; that 
Cratloemoyle was possessed by Daniel Mac 
Namara Finn; Cratloekeel, by Cumara, son 
ofSheeda MacNamara, and James Rochfort; 
and that Castle Donnell, alias Cratloemore, 
was held by the heir of Edward White. 
[Linehan's History of Lima id:, p. 140.] 
Edward White was Clerk of the Council of 
Clare and Connaught. See Composition. 

KILLEELY parish — continued. 


Proprietors in 1641. 

To whom disposed of. 

Cratloemoyle l 

Donogh MacNamara. 

John MacNamara ; Sir 
Henry Ingoldsby. 


Earl of Thomond. 

Earl of Thomond. 



Sir- George Hamilton ; 
Earl of Thomond. 



B allinooskny, 
(yu-Afn <vo, fight- 

Edmond Maclnerney 


Sir Henry Ingoldsby 
Teige MacMahon. 

Deed of l"]th August, 15S5 page 250, supra. 
By Inquisition, taken at Ennis in 1641, it was 
found that Edward White, then late of Bal- 
linderry, in the Co. of Roscommon, died 
at that place on the 14th of May, 161 1, pos- 
sessed of the castle, town, and lands of 
Cratloemore and Portdrine. [Clare Inquisi- 
tions, supra.] In 1659, the following were 
" Titulados " of land in this parish : — 
Meelick, John Cooper, Wm. Neylan, and 
Teige O'Brien ; Clooncosse, Edward and 
Andrew Rice. In 1663, the occupancy, in 
some respects, appears to have been altered, 
for we find, as made liable for the subsidy 
money of that year, Thomas Green, Esq., 
for Fyboe, and Dr. Teige O'Guillernane, 
and Sir Henry Ingoldsby for Cratloe. 

1 Cratloemoyle. — After John MacNa- 
mara had established his right to this 
townland and to Ballymorris, he and his 
descendants continued to reside in Cratloe- 
moyle Castle, until about the year 1770, 
when his property was sold, under a decree 
of the Court of Chancery, to George Quin, 
Esq. of Ouinsborough, uncle of the first 
Earl of Dunraven, by whom it was be- 

queathed to his grandson, Lord George 
(^)uin, the late owner. The MacNamaras 
of Cratloemoyle were the main stem of the 
family of MacNamara Finn of Dangan and 
Knopoge. About the year 1610, when a 
new Patent was served out by the Earl of 
Thomond for the enormous grants of land 
already made to him, Daniel MacNamara 
Finn of Dangan, laid claim to Cratloemore, 
Portdrine, Brickhill, Moyhill, Kilfintman, 
and many other denominations as ihe ancient 
inheritance of his tribe, but his demand was 
disregarded, and the ownership of the Earl 
confirmed. [Clare Inquis. James I. supra.] 
John MacNamara of Cratloemoyle, was 
Lieut.-Colonel in Lord Clare's Regiment oi 
Dragoons, and fought at the Boyne, Augh- 
rim, and Gahvay. His estate was saved to 
him by the clause in the Treaty of Limerick 
which declared, that all who were w itlnn the 
walls of the city should be exempt from 
attainder and confiscation of property. He 
was King James' High Sheriff ofCiare j» 
16S9, and was one ot the members for the 
county deputed to serve in the Parliament 
called in Dublin by that monarch. 

, 4 I2 

kilmaleery parish — continued. 


Proprietors in 164 1. 

To whom disposed of. 





Clenagh, (sloping 


Ing, (a neck of 
land), alias Ing | 


Murt Clancy ; Jas. Clancy ; 
Conor Oge Clancy. 

Mahone MacMahon. 
Murtash MacMahon. 

Mahone Oge MacNamara ; 
Conor MacMahon. 

Mahone MacMahon. 

Thomas, son of Rory Mac 
Mahon; Murtagh, sonofTur- 
logh MacMahon ; Teige, son 
of Murt. MacMahon. 

Peter Warre or Ware. 1 

Earl of Thomond. 
Bishop of Killaloe. 

T c i g e MacMahon ; 
Donogh O'Brien ; Sir 
H. Ingoldsby. 

Donogh O'Brien; Teige 

Donogh O'Brien ; Teige 

Donogh O'Brien ; Sir 
H. Ingoldsby ; Teige 

Donogh O'Brien ; Teige 

Henry White; Donogh 
O'Brien ; Teige Mac 

Peter Warre, an Eng- 
lish Protestant. (His 
widow married Jona- 
than Barnes.) 

Earl of Thomond. 

Bishop of Killaloe. 
(Tenants in 1665, 
Honora Clancy, and 
her husband R. Hol- 
croft, at -£S per an- 

In the foregoing list of persons to whom 
various lands were granted, it will be ob- 
served, in the case of Teige MacMahon, 
that he was the real owner, but being a 
Catholic, he was obliged to employ his 
cousin Donogh O'L'ricn, of Leamaneh as 

his Trustee. The MacMahcns of Clenagh 
were a branch of the family of Clonderalaw, 
and they continued to hold the Clenagh and 
other property till about the year iSco, when 
they became extinct in the male line. A 
pedigree of some branches of their line will 

kIlmaleery parish — continued. 


Proprietors in 1641. 

To whom disposed of. 

Urlanbeg, (long 


Lismoyle. 2 

Conor Oge Clancy ; Donogh 

JohnDelahoyde; Danl. Clancy; 
Conor Oge Clancy. 

John Clancy. 

Sir H. Ingoldsby : John 
Dury ; Lord Clare ; 
Teige MacMahon. 

Same persons. 

Henry White ; Teige 


Cloonmunnia. 1 



Knockenan}-, alias 

Sir Daniel O'Brien ; John, son 
of Teige Reddan. 

John Stritch ; John MacNa- 

Donogh MacNamara. 

John Reagh MacNamara. 

Sir Daniel O'Brien. 

Lord Clare. 

Col. Wra. Purefoy. 

Henry Ivers. 

Murtagh Dowling ; 

Bartholomew Stack- 

Lord Clare. 

be found in the earlier part of this work, 
which treats of Corcobaskin East ; page 

' In Cuffe's account of the siege of Bally- 
allia Castle. 1642, Peter Ware is described 
as owner of Ing. 

2 The following townlands in this parish 
were occupied as tenants, in 1663, by the 
undernamed : — Ing, Jonathan Barnes, 
Robert Nightingale ; Breckinish, John Paw- 
pin ; Islandmacnevin, John MacNamara; 
Clenash, Sir H. Ingoldsby ; Carrow, Thos. 

Cullen, Esq.; Lismoyle, Hugh, son of John 
MacMahon; Urlanbeg, Capt, Win. Duckett: 
and Carrowbane, Turlogh, son of Brian 

In the reign of Queen Anne, the lands of 
Islandmacnevin were let in per; etuity, by 
the Earl of Thomond, to James FitzGerald, 
at the yearly rent of ,£22. 

1 Cloonmunnia. — John, son of Teige 
Reddan. This is the Teige Reddan whose 
tomb is in the old church of Kilfinaghta. 
See Inquisitions o/^rJ Aj-ril, 1626, supra. 


kilmurry parish — continued. 


Proprietors in 1641. 

To whom disposed of. 


Sir Daniel O'Brien ; Donogh, 
son of John Reagh ; and 
Donogh, son of Fineen Mac 

Murtagh Dowling ; 
Lord Clare. 

Rosroe. 1 

Sir Daniel O'Brien. 

Lord Clare. 


Maurice Mulconry. 

Barth. Stacpoole; Peter 


Ballysallagh East. 

Earl of Thomond. 



Mahone Maclnerney ; John 
Oge Maclnerney ; Edmond 
Maclnerney ; Sir Daniel 
O'Brien ; Cowerra Maclner- 
ney ; Conor, son of Mahone 

Earl of Thomond. 


Sir Henry Ingoldsby. 

1 Rossroe. — The MacNamaras were long 
the owners of Rossroe, and Fineen, who died 
in 162 1, was, at that epoch, the proprietor. 
His son, Sheeda (Xydar), succeeded, and 
after paying off a mortgage held on the estate 
by Nicholas Stritch of Limerick, he sold it 
to Lord Clare. Under the Act of Settle- 
ment it was granted to that nobleman, and 
he mortgaged it in succession to George 
Mathews of Thomastown. to Col. Robert 
Maud of Dundrum, to John Clignett of the 
Oilmills Sixmilebriilge, and of Clonmacken, 
near Limerick, a Fleming, and finally to 
Lady Shelbourne. In 16S0, Dincley found 
the castle and lands in possession of Mr. 
John Fennell, as tenant of Viscount Clare. 

See notes of Hon. Robert O'Brien in 

In 1659, certain of the lands in this parish 
were occupied by the following as " Titu- 
lados " : — Kilkishen, by Peter Purefoy, 
Esq. ; Rosroe, by Wm. Purefoy, Esq. ; and 
Shandangan, by Pat Lysaght and Wm. 

In 1703, John Cusack, Esq., the pur- 
chaser of various lands from the Chichester 
House Commissioners is described as of 
Kilkishen. He had two daughters, from 
one of whom is descended the numerous 
and respectable family of Studdert, by her 
marriage with the Rev. .Mr. Studdert, Rector 
of Rathkeale, county of Limerick. 

kilnasoolagh parish — continued. 


Proprietors in 1 641. 

Ballysallugh West. 

Clonco lell, alias 
Co ream aria re. 


Dromoland. 1 

Ing East, alias Ing 

Kilkieran East. 

Kilkieran We^t. 



banshagh, and 
Oumurkagh Fa- 

tatoon,(leAc cua-6 

n'iun'u\n, the 

Conor Oge Clancy. 

Sir Daniel O'Brien ; John 
Oge xMacInerney; Edraond 

Edmond Maclnerney. 

John Oge Maclnerney. 
Earl of Thomond. 

Sir Geoffrey Gal way 
Oge Clancy. 

Conor MacMahon. 

Earl of Thomond. 

Bishop of Killaloe. 

Earl of Thomond. 
Conor Oge Clancy. 

Earl of Thomond. 


To whom disposed of. 

Sir H. Ingoldsby ; 

Lord Clare. 
Sir H. Ingoldsby : 

Lord Clare. 

Sir Henry Ingoldsby. 

Lord Clare. 
Earl of Thomond. 

Col. Wm. Purefoy; Sir 
Henry Ingoldsby ; 
Robert Dixon. 

Francis Haslop. 

Earl of Thomond. 

Bishop of Killaloe; (the 
tenant in 1661 was 
Capt. W. Cullen, at 

^"4 per annum. 
Earl of Thomond. 

Marcus Magrath; 
George Hart. 

Earl of Thomond. 

fc^hS"V r ° m ^ d r CastI ° became RoWHac, and dedicated to the me nory of 
Hpt. A beautiful monument, executed by a 





Proprietors in 1641. 

To whom disposed of. 


Mahone MacNamara ; John, 
son of Teige MacNamara. 

Marcus Magrath 
John MacNamara. 


Earl of Thomond. 

Earl of Thomond. 

Rathfolanbeg. 1 

John MacNamara of Rath- 
folan ; Donogh Mahona, i.e., 
son of Mahone MacNamara. 

Daniel MacNamara. 

(Treannahow ?) 

Earl of Thomond. 

Earl of Thomond. 

1 Rathfolan. — In 15S0, the Castle of 
Rathfolan belonged to Donogh O'Brien of 
Leamaneh. It afterwards pas-ed to a 
branch of the family of MacNamara of Ayle, 
who had other estates immediately adjoining. 
MacNamara was ejected by Cromwell, 
and his lands given, about the year 1656. to 
HenryColpoys. At the Restoration, Col- 
poys was displaced, and Daniel MacNamara 
reinstated. He in his turn, was put out in 
1690, on account of his adherence to King 
James II., and his estate was sold at Chich- 
ester House, in 1703, to Sir Donogh 
O'Brien, Bart., for ,£300 under the following 
circumstances : During his lifetime he had 
mortgaged it to Lord Clare for ,£300. At 
his death, his heirs were his daughter Slaney, 
married to Domnick Fanning of Limerick, 
and his three grand-daughters (children of 
Mary, married to Major MacNamara) viz.: — 
Mary, mairied to Daniel O'Brien, gent., 
Honora, married to Francis Grady, gent., 
and Margaret, married to Cornelius Brody, 
gent. Lord Clare's mortgage, by his attain- 
der, became vested in the Chichester House 
Commissioners, and in April 1 703, they 
handed over the property to Sir Donogh, as 
Trustee for the co-heiresses, he paying them 
the sum of ^300. The lands have since 
remained in the possession of Sir Donogh's 
descendants, and it is believed that, owing 
to the action of the penal laws the co-heiresses 
never made any attempt to pay off the 
mortgage, thus tacitly authorizing Sir 
Donogh to become the absolute owner of 

the inheritance. (Note by the Hon. Robert 
O'Brien to Dineley's Journal. See al->o 
Abstracts of Conveyances from Trustees of 
Forfeited Estates in 16SS). 

In 1659, and 1663, the following lands 
in this parish were occupied by the 
undermentioned tenants : — Ballyconneely, 
Dromoland, Kilkieran West, and Rathfolan- 
beg, in 1663, by Robt. Starkey, Esq. ; 
Dromoland in 1659, by Robt., Wra. and 
Bryan Starkey, gents. ; Ballygireen in 1659, 
by Peter Arthur, gent.; Baliinacragga 
in 1059, by Daniel Teige and Donogh 
MacNamara, gents. ; Ballysallagh East in 
1659. by Mahone Maclnerney, gent, and 
in 1663, by Henry Clayton; Ballysallagh 
"West, in 1663, by John Cooper, Esq. ; 
Carrigoran, in 1659, by John Papping, and 
in 1663, by Henry Clayton; Ing East, by 
Capt. Robt. Nightingale, in "1659; and 
Corkanaknockaun in 1663, by the same ; 
Kilkieran East, in 1663, by Mrs. Loyell ; 
Kilnasoolagh, in 1659, by Sam. Burdett, and 
in 1663, by Thos. Cullen, Esq. ; Knock- 
saggart, by William Shaughnessy, in 1663. 
In the same year, Latoon, by Mahone 
Maclnerney, and Lisduff by Edmd. Mac- 
Daniel ; Rathfolanmore, in 1659, by Henry 
Colpoys, gent. 

In the end of the seventeenth century, the 
lands of Dromoland, Ballinacragga, and 
Bealaboy, were let, in perpetuity, by the Earl 
of Thomond, to Sir Donat O'Brien, Bart., at 
the yearly rent of £117. 




Proprietors in 1641. 

To whom disposed of. 


Earl of Thomond. 

Earl of Thomond. 





Daniel Oge White; Donogh 

Dame Ellinor Gall- 
way ; Henry Ivers. 


Earl of Thomond. 

Earl of Thomond. 







Knockbal lyna- 



Earl of Thomond. 

John Rice ; Earl of Thomond. 

Gabriel Gal way. 

Mahone Manahan. 

John Rice ; Earl of Thomond. 

Earl of Thomond. 

Earl of Thomond. 


Robert Dixon ; Earl of 

Florence MacNamara. 

Dame Ellinor Gallway. 

Earl of Ossory; Earl 
of Thomond. 

Earl of Thomond. 


When the Earl of Thomond obtained 
patent of so many estates in 1610, Conor 
O'Molony of Ballycannan, claimed that 
townland, together with Glenagross, Gurt- 
naskeha, and Shanakyle, as his property, by 
virtue of a mortgage, but his claim was 
disallowed in favour <>f the Earl. See Clare 
Inquisitions, time of James I., supra. 

In 1659, the Titulados of Glenagross, 
were Laurence Comyn and Stephen Creagh ; 
and in the year 1663, the whole parish was 

in the occupation of Patrick Sarsfield, Esq., 
as tenant. 

About the year 1 71 2, Cappatiemore was 
let by Lord Thomond, by lease for ever, to 
Dean Thomas Bindon, at the yearly rent 
of £12. 

In 1659, the Titulado in Ballykeelaun 
was Thos. Foote ; in Castlebank, Michael 
Arthur ; in Rossmadda. Th>». Foot ; and 
in Knockballynameath, Edward Goold.Wm. 
Stritch, Thos. Power, and Thomas Green. 
2 D 





Proprietors in 1 64 1 

To whom disposed of. 

Ayleacotty. 1 

Ball year. 








Conor, son of Mahone Roe 


Earl of Thomond. 

Henry Hurt; Earl of Thomond. 

John, son of Teige, son of 
Donogh MacNamara. 

Mahone Eyre MacNamara. 

John MacNamara, of Carrov 

Donogh MacNamara, of ! 
Tomfinlough ; Sir Daniel 
O'Brien ; Teige Merigagh I 

Earl of Thomond ; Teige, son 
of Mahone MacNamara. 

John MacNamara, of Rath- 

Daniel MacNamara, of 

Francis Haslop. 

Earl of Thomond. 

Earl of Thomond; 
Thomas Powell. 

John MacNamara ; 
(afterwards to Samuel 

Daniel MacNamara; 
Wm. Lysaght. 

Lord Clare. 

John White; Lord 

Henry Ivers ; Earl of 

John White; William 

John MacNamara. 

The tenant of Lurgan in 1663, was Simon 
George, and of Castlebank, in the same 
year, the above-named Michael Arthur. 

Florence M'Namara, above mentioned, 
was a transplanted person, (see Cutinaught 
Certificates .) The Gahvays were an influen- 
tial family in Limerick, and were mortgagees 
of several lands in the county of Clare. 

About the year 1 7 12, the Earl of Thomond 

made leases for ever of Ballykeelaun to 
Alderman Craven, of Limerick, and to 
Thomas M 'Adams, at the yearly rent of 
£~o; of Castlebank to George Quin and A. 
Copley, at .£105 ; and of Athlunkard and 
Seanakyle to Jeremiah Jackson, at ,£16. 

1 In 1663, the tenant occupying Ayleacotty 
was Wm. Creagh; the occupants of Ballycar 
were John Colpoys, gent, and James Loftus, 


tom fin loug H pa r i s h — continued. 


Proprietors in 1641. 


Rathlaheen, (Gur- 
rine, Li sap ore, 
and Ballymac- 



Mahone, son of Teige 
MacNamara of Mooghaun. 

John MacNamara, of Rarh- 

Earl of Thomond. 

John MacNamara, of Moog- 

To whom disposed of. 

Thomas MacNamara. 
Sir Henry Ingoldsby. 

Earl of Thomond. 
Lord Clare. 

gent ; of Boheraroan, Edmund Sexton ; of 
Caherkine, Edmund FitzgeraldV of Cahers- 
Cooby.PatXysaght; of Carrownakilly, Henry 
Colpoys; of Finlough, Laurence White ; of 
Granaghanjohn Cooper and John Colpoys; 
■of Mausnarylaan, Arthur Smith ; of Moog- 
haun, Aney M Samara and Thomas Burton ; 

of Rathlaheen. John Cooper, Esq. ; of Lis- 
multine, John Colpoys ; of Lacarroweighter, 
Donogh M -Conor M'Namara; and of Tom- 
iinlough, Laurence White. 

White and Lysaght, to whom Granaghan 
was granted, were citizens of Limerick. 






Proprietors in 164 1. 

To whom disposed of. 



vroughan ?). 


alias Curragh- 


John, son of Teige Mac Na- 

Conor, son of Rory ; Mahone 
Oge ; John son of Teige ; 
Rory, son of Donogh (Mac 
Namara) ; Solomon Kinie; 
Sir Roland Delahoyde ; Mau- 
rice O'Hickey ; Thomas 
Arthur ; Daniel O'Hickey. 

Teige, son of Donald Roe 
O'Brien ; Teige Merigagh, 
son of Mahone MacNamara ; 
Daniel Roe, son of Mahone 
MacNamara ; Teige O'Brien. 

Daniel, son of Teige, son of 
Mahone Boy ; John, son of 
Teige; Conor, son ofMahone; 
and Daniel Roe, son of Ma- 
hone MacNamara ; Teige 

Earl of Thomond. 

Earl of Thomond; Donald 
Oge, son of Teige MacNa- 

Donogh O'Grady. 

Colonel John Mac 
Namara of Moyriesk. 

Pierce Butler; Pierce 

Donogh, son of Hugh, 
and others ; John 
MacNamara; Murtagh 
MacMahon. j 

Mary Butler, alias Pur- 
cell; Honora Bourke ; 
Dominick Fleming ; 
John MacNamara ; 
Lord Clare. 

George Ferris. 

Earl of Thomond ; 
Roger Jones. 

David Bindon ; James 
Roche ; afterwards 
Ensign Henry Bindon, 
married to the daugh- 
ter of David Roche, 
a Protestant. 

clooxey parish — continued. 


Proprietors in 1 641. 

To whom disposed of. 


East and West 1 

Corbally, and Bal- 

Corbally Castle. 


Earl of Thomond ; John Del- 
ahoyde ; Murtagh, son of 
Dermot O' Grady. 

John Delahoyde 
" O'Brien. 


Mahone, son of John Mac 
Namara; Roger, son ofTeige, 
son of Rory MacXamara ; 
Teige, son of Daniel, son of 
Rory MacNamara ; Conor, 
son of Rory, son of Donogh 

Conor, son of Rory Mac- 

Edmond Oge, son of Dermot 
MacQuin ; Daniel, son of 
Hugh Bane MacQuin ; Ma- 
hone, son of Henry Mac 
Quin ; Donogh Oge, son of 
Donogh Roughane. 

Earl of Thomond. 

Philip Dwyer ; Earl of 

Philip Dwyer ; Earl of 

Pierce Butler ; John 

Knockapreaghaun. ' Earl of Thomond. 

Lissana. Teige, son of Daniel, son of 

Rory MacXamara; Rory Mac 
Namara ; Ouna ni Mahone ; 
Honora ni Mahone. 

Pierce Butler. 

Murtagh Dowling, a 
Transplanted Papist 
in 1676; Theobald 
Butler; William Ryan. 

George Ferris; Donogh 
Carroll; John Carroll. 

Donogh Carroll. 

Earl of Thomond ; 
Lord Clare. 

1 In 166 1. John Magee was tenant of Bal- 
lycrighan ; David LiT'hon of Baliyhickey ; 
Edmund Power, James Butler, and Matthew 
Law less of Bahyver-in ; David Stapleton of 
Laherlogan; Nicholas Bellow of Caher- 
shauglmessy ; James FitzGerald of Clooney ; 

Henry Clayton of Cranagher ; Daniel Mac 
Namara, and Donogh O'Glissane oj 
giridanes; Thos. Butler of Dcrrycalhif; 

Teige Ryan of Tuonaghbeg ; and J vim Lol- 
poys of Toonaghmore. 


CLOONEY PARISH — C0?ltiliucd. 


Proprietors in 1 641. 

To whom disposed of. 

Maghera West, 
alias Cloney. 

Earl of Thomond. 

Murtagh MacMahon ; 
Earl of Thomond. 

Maghera East, alias 

Earl of Thomond. 

James Butler ; Lord 


Bryan O'Brien. 

Lord Clare. 


Teige MacNamara ; Sheeda, 
son of Rory ; and Mahone, 
son of Teige MacNamara ; 
Earl of Thomond. 

Paul Strange (a Trans- 
planted Papist, his 
decree is dated 17th 
October, 1676) ; John 
MacNamara; Earl of 

Toonaghbeg, (a 
green field). 

Sir Rowland Delahoyde, John, 
son of Daniel ; and Donogh, 
son of Daniel MacNamara. 

Conor O'Glissane ; 
Teige Ryan 


Mahone, son of Conor Mac 

Teige Ryan ; DanieL 


Teige O'Brien ; Daniel, son of 
Mahone MacNamara. 

Lord Clare. 


Teige O'Brien. 

William Ryan. 

Cragnashanagh 1 

Sir Rowland Delahoyde. 

Geo. Ferris ; Henry 
Jones ; John Carroll. 

'In the years 1659 and 1661, the tenants 
in occupation of the following lands were 
those subjoined : — Feenagh, John Mac 
Namara ; Knockapreaghaun, Gibbon Fitz 
Maurice FitzGibbon ; Lissana, James and 
George Roche ; Maghera West, James 
ButleT, gent. ; Rathclooney, John, William, 
and Edmond rower, J. Roche, J. Condon, 

and Marcus Magrath ; Maghera, John 
Power ; Muckinish, Dr. Neylan ; Cahergai, 
Theobold Butler ; Corbally, David Gibbon ; 
Cragnashanagh, David Stapleton. 

About the year 1712, the Earl of Thomond 
made a letting for ever, of Cranagher to 
Nicholas Bindon, Esq., at the yearly rent of 





Proprietors in 1641. 

To whom disposed of. 


Daniel, son of Teige Mac 
Namara of Castletown; Conor, 
son of Rory MacNamara of 

Daniel MacNamara ; 
Mathew MacMahon 
of Ballymulcreehy. 


Sheeda MacNamara of Car- 
rownaliganna ; Daniel, son of 
Teige MacNamara of Castle- 
town ; Nicholas O'Hara ; 
Donogh O'HickeyjJohn Mac 
NamaraofMoyriesk; Donogh, 
son of Teige MacNamara ; 
Teige, son of Loghlen 
O'Downeen ; Donogh Mac 
Shane of y e same. 

Pierce White; (trans- 
planted from Adare, 
Co. Limerick) ; John 

Castletown, (called 
moycra), and 

Daniel, son of Teige MacNa- 
mara of Castletown; Conor, 
son of Rory, and Sheeda his 
brother, of Ballymoycra. 

Sir Oliver Bourke ; 
Gibbon FitzGibbon. 1 

Cloonmore, (called 

Rory MacNamara of Monanoe; 
Daniel, son of Teige Mac Na- 
mara of Castletown ; Conor, 
son of Teige of Ballymoycra. 

Daniel MacNamara, by 
the name of Bally- 
mulroony ; Mathew 
MacMahon, (trans- 
planted from Tuogh, 
Co. Limerick). 

Drim, (called Drim- 

Rory MacNamara of Monanoe; 
Margaret O'Hickey of Drim; 
Rory MacNamara of Galway, 

Michael O'Dea. 

1 Gibbon FitzMaurice FitzGibbon was a 
Transplanted Papist. He had previously 
lived at Ballinaliinch, Co. Limerick. See 
Journal of ArcJurlogical Society of Ireland, 
Vol. iv., 4th series, p. 307. Sir Oliver 
Bourke, Bart., son of Sir David Bourke, 
Bart., was also a Transplanted Papist. 

In 1661, the tenantsin occupation of some 
of the above townlands were as follows : — 
Ballyglass, Sir David Bourke. ; Castletown, 
Dr. John Neylan ; Drim, David Gibbon; 
Kilbrickenbeg. Edward Cuti'e : Kilbricken- 
more, Teige and Conor MacNamara; and 
Kilfeilim, Sir Richard Everard. 



DOORA parish — continued. 


Proprietors in 1641. 

To whom disposed of. 






Earl of Thomond ; John Mac 
Namara ofDromoland;Teige, 
son of Rory : and Daniel, son 
of Teige MacXamara of 

MacXamaras ; viz. : — Teige. 
son of Rory ; and Daniel his 
son, of Castletown ; Rory of 
Monanoe ; and John of Kee- 

Earl of Thomond. 

Conor, son of Mahone ; 
Donogh, son of Conor ; and 
Teige, son of Conor Mac 
! Namara. 

; Earl of Thomond ; Teige, son 
; of Daniel ; Daniel, son of 
l Teige ; and Teige, son of 

Rory MacXamara, all of 


J Redmond Neylan of Ballyma- 

Redmond Xeylan ; Earl of 

Knockhogan, and ' Earl of Thomond : Daniel. 
Noughaval. son of Teige MacXamara of 

Monanoe. ! Rory MacXamara of Monance. 


Mathew MacMahon ; 
Lord Clare ; Earl of 

John MacXamara; Lord 
Clare ; Mathew Mac 
Mahon ; Roger Mac 

Earl of Thomond. 

Sir Oliver Bourke, Bart. 

Lord Clare ; Earl of 

Thomas Powell. 

Gibbon FitzGibbon ; 
Lord Clare ; Earl of 

Matthew MacMahon ; 
Earl of Thomond. 

Sir Oliver Bourke, Bart. 
Theobald Butler ; 
Benjamin Lucas. 


John MacXamara of Moyrie.-,k John MacXamara. 

door A parish — continued. 


Proprietors in 1 64 1. 

To whom disposed of. 

Knock alatter, and 





Callooragh. 1 

Sir Daniel O'Brien of Carriga- 
holt ; Earl of Thomond ; 
Loghlen Maclnerney of Kil- 

Earl of Thomond; Conor, son 
of Mahone MacNamara of 

Earl of Thomond ; Daniel, 
son of Teige MacNamara of 
Castletown ; Teige, sen of 
Rory MacNamara. 

John MacNamara of Dromo- 

John MacNamara of Moyriesk. 

Donogh MacGillanoyhe; John 
MacNamara of Keevach. 

Murtagh Dowling; Lord 
Clare ; Earl of Tho- 

Earl of Thomond ; 
Pierce Creagh (a Pro- 

Lord Clare ; Earl of 

Matthew MacMahon. 

John MacNamara. 

Lord Clare. 


Ballygassanmore, | Earl of Thomond. 
(young shoots;. 

Ballygassanbeg. '< Rory MacGivin, (Quin). 

Earl of Thomond. 
Earl of Arran. 

'The occupying tenants of some of the above 
lands in 1601 were : — Knockanean, George 
Harte ; Knockaskihole and Dowray, Dermot 
Daly ; Monanoe, Sir David Bourke, Bart., 
David Oge Bourke, and James Bourke ; 
Moyrie*k, John Magce; Knockalatter and 
Carrownagloidi, Thus. Hickman; Poulroe, 
David FitzGerald : Caliura"h, Donoch 

O'Callaghan, Esq. ; Finanagh, Donogh 

About the year 1 712, the Earl of Thomond 
made a lease for ever of Dromdoolaghty to 
Jas. Sexton, at the yearly rent of £1 15s". ; 
of Kilbrickenbeg to Charles McDonnell 
Esq., at .£21 ; and of Castletown to James 
MacNamara, at the rent of .£28 per annum. 


1NCHICRONAN PARISH — continued. 


Proprietors in 1641. 

To whom disposed of. 

(gravel pits). 

(ban ac, a fox). 


(now Durraand 
O'Brien's Castle) 






Earl of Thomond. 


Bryan O'Brien; Teige O'Brien. 

John O'Grady; Dermot O'Grady 

Daniel, son of Murtagh O'Grady 
John and Hugh O'Grady. 

Earl of Thomond. 

Earl of Thomond; Daniel, son 
of Murtagh O'Grady. 

Daniel, son of Murtagh ; 
Managh, son of Rory; and 
Loghlen O'Grady. 

Daniel, son of Loghlen; Hugh, 
and Loghlen Oge O'Grady. 

James Oge MacBrody. 

Earl of Thomond. 


James Quin. 

Donogh MacXamara ; 
Mannagh O'Grady ; 
Francis O'Brien ; 

Henry Ivers ; Lieut. 
Wm. Roche ; Lord 
Clare, (Durra). 

James Rice and others. 

James Butler ; Earl of 
Arran ; Sir H. In- 

Earl of Thomond. 

Theobald Butler ; Earl 
of Thomond. 

Murtagh Dowling ; 
Teige MacNamara ; 
Earl of Arran. 

Lord Clare. 

Francis O'Brien ; 
William Roche; Ben. 

Earl of Thomond 

Richard '■, Jas. Butler ; Donogh 
i Carroll ; Earl of Tho- 


ixchicronan parish — continued. 


Proprietors in 1641. 


Doon. 1 



(oak ridge). 



Patk. Darcy ; Jas. O'Grady ; 
Donald O'Quin. 

Earl of Thomond. 

Richard O'Grady ; Earl of 

Danl., son of Murtagh O'Grady. 

Danl., son of Loghlen O'Grady. 

John MacQuin. 

Loghlen ; Hugh ; Dermot, son 
of Murtagh ; and Thos., son 
of John O'Grady. 

Earl of Thomond. 

Maoelin MacBruodin ; James 
Os:e MacBruodin. 

Daniel, son of Murtagh; Daniel, 
son of Loghlen O'Gradv. 

To whom disposed of. 

Lahardan. 2 | John Oge More. 

Murtagh Dowling ; 
Jeonrey Power; Roger 

Earl of Thomond; John 
Carroll; Murtagh 

Earl of Thomond. 

James Butler. 

Earl of Thomond. 

Mannagh O'Grady ; 
Murtagh Dowling; 
Teige MacXamara ; 
Theobald Butler. 

Humphrey Baggally. 

Donogh MacXamara ; 
FrancisO'Brien; (after- 
wards Sam. Burton). 

Murtagh Dowling ; Jas. 
Butler; Earloflnchi- 
quinjTheobald Butler; 

Daniel MacXamara ; 
Benjamin Lucas. 

Col. Garrett Moore ; 
Tei^e MacXamara. 

'Turlogh O'Brien of Fonire (?), had been 1592, it was found that they, in reality, 
owner of Doon and other lands, but by an belonged to the Queen. 
Inquisition taken at Ennis on 24th May, • Lahardan was the residence of the Fiu- 



INCHICRONAN parish — continued. 






Sunnagh North. 
(a milking place) 

Sunnagh South. 1 

Proprietors in 1641. 

To whom disposed of. 

Earl of Thomond. 
Donogh Brody. 

Brian O'Brien ; John MacNa- 


son of Murtagh 

Richard O'Grady; Hugh 

Donogh Oge O'Roughan ; 
Mahone and Daniel MacQuin; 
Edmond Oge Quin. 

Charles O'Roughan. 

Earl of Thomond. 

Donogh O'Rooughan ; 
Brian O'Brien. 

Brian O'Brien; Managh 
O'Grady; John Mac- 
Namara ; Eord Clare; 
Francis O'Brien ; Earl 
of Thomond. 

Teige Carrigge ; Mur- 
tagh Dowling. 

Sir George Hamilton. 

Earl of Inchiquin ; 
Roger Delahunty ; 
Donogh MacNamara. 

Donogh O'Roughan ; 
Theobald Butler; 
Daniel MacNamara ; 
Murtagh Dowling ; 
Roger MacNamara; 
Benjamin Lucas. 

Geralds, one of whom, the Right Hon. 
James FitzGerald, was father of Vesey, 1st 
Lord iMtzGerald. They held under a lease 
made in 1734, by Theobald Butler to Mau- 
rice FitzGerald, gent., of Lahardan. 

'In 1659 and 1661, the tenants of the 
various townlands of this parish were as 
follows : — Ballgassane, Daniel MacNamara ; 
Bunnahow, Thomas Butler, gent.; Cappana- 
peasta, Richd. Barry ; Cai row keel. Thomas 
Butler; Carrownacloghy, Lieut. Wm. Ros- 
<lell, and Biyan Stapleton, gent.; Duon, 
John MacNamara, Esq.; Dcrrynagleragh, 
Teige O'Brien ; Drumumna, James Ilen- 
nessy ; Drumbonniv, Wm. and Robt. Denn ; 

Knockamucky, Teige L 0'Rrien, and Moses 
Ash ; Kilvoydan, Henry Clayton ; Srana- 
galloon, James Butler and his sons John and 
Ldmond, and Wm. Butler, gent.; Sunnagh 
North, Thomas Butler, gent. 

In the reign of Queen Anne, the lands of 
Inchicronan, Rathvirgin, &c, were let, in 
perpetuity, by Lord Thomond, to J;uiies 
Butler, at the yearly rent of ,£70 ; Dooncy- 
nuilvihill, to the Executors of James Mac- 
1 lonnell, at ^50 per annum ; Bunnahow, 
to the same at £9 a year ; Ballygi-.sniK\ to 
Rory MacQuin, at One shilling, and brar.a- 
ijalloon, to George Magcc. 




Proprietors in 1641. 

To whom disposed of. 

Ballyline. 1 



Ballyogan, alias 

(little ash trees). 

Ballygaffy,east and 


Clonkerry. (black 

Hugh, John, and Murtagh, 
sons of Rory O'Grady ; Earl 
of Thomond. 

Daniel, son of Log hi en 

Redmond O'Ncylan. 

Earl of Thomond. 

Rory,sonof John MacNamara; 
Teige O'Brien ; Earl of 

Maoelin MacBruodin. 

Earl of Thomond. 

Earl of Thomond ; Rory, son 
of Donogh ; John, son of 
Teige; Donogh, son of Donald 
Enry MacNamara. 

John, son of Teige ; and Rory, 
son of John MacNamara. 

Earl of Thomond; SheedaMac- 
Namara; JohnMacKnoghour. 

John Drew ; Thomas 
Cullin; Theobald But- 
ler; Earl of Thomond. 

Moses Ash 

Earl of 

Lord Clare. 

Earl of Thomond. 

Francis O'Brien ; Earl 
of Clare ; Earl of 
Thomond ; Maurice 
Halloran ; (merchant, 
transplanted from 

ConstanceBrody; Brian 
O'Brien ; John Drew;. 
Francis O'Brien; 
Maurice Halloran. 

Earl of Thomond. 

Henry White ; Earl of 
Thomond ; Cormuck 
Ryan; John MacNa- 
mara; LordClare; John 
Drew ; Lady Blake. 

John Butler; John 

Cormuck Ryan ; Earl 

of Thomond. 

1 In 1659 and 1661, the townlands of this 
parish were severally occupied by the follow- 
ing tenants : — Ballyline, by Thomas Butler; 

Ballylinebeg, by Moses Asli ; Ballymachill, 
by Nicholas Neylan; Ballymaconna, by David, 
Thomas, and Pierce White; Gurtnafinch, 



kilraghtis parish — continued. 


Proprietors in 1641 




Leahanagh north. 

Leahanagh south. 


Earl of Thomond ; Loghlin 

Earl of Thomond; SheedaMac- 
Namara:John MacKnoghour. 

Earl of Thomond ; Redmond 

Teige MacNamara. 

Daniel MacNamara. 

John, son of Teige ; Teige, 
son of Donald ; and Thady 
MacNamara ; Earl of Tho- 

Edmond, son of Teige O'Ney- 
lan ; Loghlen, son of Dermot 
O'Neylan ; and Flan, son of 
Edmond O'Neylan. 

To whom disposed of. 

Roger MacNamara; Earl ' 
of Thomond. 

Cormuck Ryan ; Earl 
of Thomond. 

Lord Clare ; Earl of 

Mathe\v,son of Mahone 

Sir Redmond Everard. 

Cormuck Ryan; (after- 
wards FrancisBurton); 
John MacNamara ; 
Earl of Thomond. 

Cormuck Ryan. 



Conor MacNamara 


Mahone MacNamara; Maurice 

Dr. Edmond Mara, 

Lord Clare; Peter 

by Maoelin Brody, gent., by Daniel Kennedy, 
and Bryan Kennedy ; Bearnafunshin, by 
Charles Carty, and Loghlen O'Grady; Bally- 
gaffy, by David White ; Cappagh, by Theo- 
bold Roche and Chas. Ryan ; Cloonkerry, 
by Wm. Roche ; Drumgranagh, by John 
Maclnerney, gent., Anthony Ryan, and 
Wm. Morris; Lehanagh, I >y Thomas Stack, 
.and Matthew MacMahon ; Ballyogan, by 

Maurice Halloran ; and Rosslevan, by 
Nicholas Neylan. 

About the year 1712, the Earl of Thomond 
made a lease for ever of Drumgranagh to 
Laurence Crow, at the rent of £$ yearly; 
of Ballymaconna to Thos. Moland, at ^,48 
a year ; of Cloonkerry, to Henry Stamer at 
£<■) ; and of Caherinagh, to Turlogh Eitz- 

quin parish — continued. 


Proprietors in 1641. 

To whom disposed of. 






Cant, (Ballymul- 
kane & Clogh- 

Cam mallow. 




and Carrowna- 

John Maclnerney. 

Thos. Arthur ; Teige, son of 
John MacNamara. 

Teige,son of JohnMacNamara; 
Thos. Arthur ; John, son of 
1 Donald MacNamara. 

Sir Henry Ingoldshy, 
as purchaser from the 
heirs of James Mar- 
tin, a Protestant. 

John White. 

William Lysaght. 

John, Daniel, and Teige, sons I Joane Mahoone (sic) ; 
of Donald Reagh MacNamara; Peter Crainsborough. 
Rory O'Guerane. 

John and Conor MacNamara. 

Donogh MacNamara ; John 
MacNamara ; Earl of Tho- 
mond ; Thomas O'Guerane. 

Teige,son of JohnMacNamara. 

Sir Rowland Delahoyde; 
Mahone MacClune ; Teige 
O'Brien, Esq. 

Teige, son of Donogh Reagh ; 
Teige, son of Daniel Maol, 
son of Daniel ; Mahone, and 
Daniel MacNamara. 

Sir Daniel O'Brien ; Earl of 

Daniel MacNamara, Fionn. 

Dr. Mara; Donogh 
O'Callaghan; John 

William Lysaght; Peter 

Peter Crainsborough. 

Wm. Lysaght ; John 
MacNamara; Peter 

Lord Clare; Peter 

Lord Clare; Earl of 

Pierce Creagh Fi:z- 
Pierce, Alderman u( 



quin parish — continued. 


wise Drumin- 



Proprietors in 1641. To whom disposed of. 

Daniel MacNamara, Fionn. 

John Strasse. 

John MacNamara. 

John White. 

Mahone & Daniel MacNamara. Peter Crainsborough \ 

Lord Clare. 



Meyler MacRedmond ; David James Power. 

Maurice Conrov. 


i Thomas Arthur. 

Peter Crainsborough. 
Dr. Edmond Mara. 

Creaghanenashy- j Sir Rowland Delahoyde. 



John,sonof John MacNamara ; 
EarlofThomond; JohnCVHar- 
tigan ; Daniel O'Hartigan. 

Earl of Thomond. 

John MacNamara ; Teige, 
of John MacNamara. 

James Power ; George 
Ferris ; Henry Ivers. 

Earl of Thomond; 
Peter Crainsborough. 

Earl of Thomond. 

son Nicholas Lysaght. 

1 Coolshamroge wao sold, in 1703, by the 
Chichester House Commissioners, to the 
Earl of Thomond for £196, James Power 
having been attainted of treason for his 
adherence to James II. The Earl made 
a letting of the place to Robert Hickman, 
at the yearly rent of £2 6s., and of 
Ballyhannan, at the yearly rent of £2 2s. 
He also let, on the same terms, viz. a lease 
for ever, the lands of Cullaun, to John 
Reddan, at the annual rent of ,£20. 

The occupying tenants of the above 
denominations in 1659 and 1661, were the 

subjoined : — Ardnavoylane, Edmond Power; 
Ballykilty, Wm. Creagh : Ballymacloun, 
Teige MacMahon; Ballymarkahan, Nicholas 
Stritch ; Ballyroughan, Marrogh O'Brien ; 
Cant and Cloonaherna, Garrett Barry ; Cam- 
mallow, Donogh MacNamara ; Carrowmeer, 
Maurice Sexton and Patrick Lysaght; Crag- 
gaunnenagh, Mahone O'Ruddane ; Carrow- 
roe and CooLhamroge. Thomas Hickman, 
Esq.; Carrowkcille, Arthur Smyth ; Carrow- 
keiiton, Laurence White ; Craggaunowen, 
William Sturine. 

quin parish — continued. 


Proprietors in 1641. 

To whom disposed of. 





Keevagh (ce-o-to, 
producing long 
marshy grass). 



Mahone MacCloone ; Maoelin, \ John Cusack. 
son of Conor MacCloonc. 

Thomas Arthur; Donogh 
MacNamara (Fionn.) 

Daniel MacNamara (Fionn); 
Donogh MacNamara. 

Teige, son of Donald Reagh 

Sir Rowland Delahoyde ; Cu- 
marra MacNamara ; Earl of 
Thomond ; Teige O'Hurney ; 
Thomas Arthur; John Mac- 

Thos. Arthur ; John, Rory, 
Murtagh Oge, and Donogh 

Daniel MacNamara (Fionn). 

John, son of Donogh Mac- 

Dr. Edm. Mara ; Barth. 
Stacpole ; John Mac- 

John MacNamara; 
planted Papist ; (after- 
wards John Gore, and 
Robert Longfield). 

Pierce Creagh. 

Dr. Edmd. Mara; John 
Drew ; James Rice ; 
John MacNamara; 
John Dury. 

Dr. Edmd. Mara ; Jas. 
Rice ; Robt. Dixon ; 
H.White; Capt. Teige 

John MacNamara. 

Bartholomew Stacpole. 

In 1C59, and 1661, the tenants in actual 
occupation of the above townlands, were 
as follows: — Creevagh and Danganbrack, 
Nicholas Arthur ; Creaghanenashinnagh, 
Daniel MacNamara; Cullauniartigan, James 
and George Sexton; Cullauniheeda, Ma- 
hone MacNenda (?), Jas. Hourigan ; Cul- 
lenagh. Edmund Power ; Gorteen, Pat and 

Robt. Meade; Keevagh, J. Sexton. T. Nihil!, 
P.Lofttis, D. Kelleher.T. Creagh. S. What-, 
J. Reeves, E. Stritch, and M. O'Flanagan; 
Kiidrum, Jonathan Barnes ; Knopoge, 
Arthur Smyth ; Macincrolrow. Ed. Stnteh ; 
Madara, Thos. Creagh; Ra'hluhy, Murrogh 
O'Brien; Feaghquin, Donogh MacNamara; 
Carrowgar, Jolin MacNamara. 
2 E 



QUIN parish — continued. 





Proprietors in 1641 

To whom disposed oL 

Danl. O'Brien; Thos. MacRed- 
mond ; Conor MacMahone ; 
Sir Rowland Delahoyde ; 
Teige, son of Donogh Mac- 
Namara ; Thomas Arthur ; 
Meyler MacShane. 

Mahqne ; Teige, son of Daniel 
Reagh ; Teige Merigagh ; and 
John MacNamara ; and 
Maurice Corny. 

Daniel Clancv. 



Hickman ; Dr. 

. Mara; John 

; John Cusack: 

Rice ; Lord 

Lord Clare; Peter ; 
Crainsborough ; Pat] 

John White. 



Conor, son of Donogh 


Donogh 0"Brien. 


Earl of Thomond. 

Earl of Thomond. 


Lord Inchiquin. 

Earl of Inchiquin. 


Earl of Thomond. 

Earl of Thomond. 

Ballyduff and 

Donogh MacNamara; S 
entine Blake. 


Cormuck Ryan ; (after- 
wards F. Burton) : 
John Blake ; Lady 


Earl of Thomond. 

Earl of Thomond. 

Bally maquiggan. 

Sir Valentine Blake. 

John Blake ; Lady 

1 In 1703, Sir D0n.1t O'Brien of Dromoland, 
purchased from the Chichester House Com- 
missioners the following lands, the estate of 
Nicholas Arthur, attainted : — Danganbrack, 
Creevagh, Cahercalla, Maddara, Keevagh, 
and Kildrum. 

2 In 1659, and i65r, the occupying tenants 

of the townlands of this parish were : — Ard- 
carney, Chas. Hennessy Esq. ; Ballyallia and 
Ballymaylev, R. Roche, R. Keating. Israel 
O'Callaghan, D. Lawlor, R. Conyers ; 

Ballycarroll, Knockaclara, Killiane, and 

templemaley parish — continued. 


Proprietors in 1641. 

To whom disposed of. 


Colla ; Colla, son of Flann ; 
Dermot Oge, and Charles 
Mulqueeny ; and Donogh 

Cormuck Ryan ; (after- 
wards Francis Burton); 
Donogh O'Callaghan. 


Earl of Thomond. 

Earl of Thomond. 


Sir Valentine Blake. 

John Blake; Lord Clare. 


Teige and Donogh Mac 
Namara ; Solla O'Mulconry. 

Donogh O'Callaghan ; 
Cormuck Ryan ; (after- 
wards F. Burton). 


Loghlen Maclnerney. 

Donogh O'Callaghan. 


Earl of Thomond. 

Earl of Thomond. 


Teige MacNamara. 

Donogh O'Callaghan. 


Teige O'Brien. 

Earl of Inchiquin; Lord 


Sir Valentine Blake. 

John Blake; Lady Blake. 


Earl of Thomond. 

Earl of Thomond. 





Sir Valentine Blake. 

John Blake; LadyBlake. 


Teige O'Brien, Esq. 

Lord Clare. 


Lord Inchiquin. 

Earl of Inchiquin. 

Inishmore, Loghlen Maclnerney ; Bally- 
corey, Jas. England, gent. ; Ballydufi and 
Knockanoura, Donogh O'Callaghan, Esq. ; 
Ballyhee, Cloonteen, same tenant: Gortalea- 
vane, Maghery, Rungarrane, Turlogh Fitz- 

Patrick; Deny, Faunrusk, Knockaderry, 
D. FitzGibbon; Licknaun, Ruaskaun. 
Irilagh O'Callaghan; Killian. Dermot Mac 
Inerney; Rungarrow and Tully, Morgan 

4J 6 




Proprietors in 1641. 

To whom disposed of. 


Loghlen Maclnerney. 

Donogh O'Callaghan. 


Sir Valentine Blake. 

John Blake; Lady Blake J 

Rungarrow, and 

James O'Mullane. 

Cormuck Ryan ; (after-j 
wards Francis Burton).; 


Earl of Thomond. 

Earl of Thomond. 


Abbey, East and 




Sheshia. 1 

Lord Inchiquin. 



Turlogh More O'Loghlen ; 
Owen, son of Lysagh O'Logh- 
len ; William Neylan. 

Earl of Thomond. 

Martin Lynch. 

Lord Inchiquin. 


Earl of Inchiquin. 



Robert Dixon ; Earl of 

Colonel Cary Dillon. 
Earl of Inchiquin. 


Same. . 

1 In 1664, as appears by the Subsidy Rolls 
preserved in the Public Record Office, Dub- 
lin, the tenants in occupation of this parish 
were the following : — Abbey, Robert Nugent, 
Esq.; Ballyvaughan, Cary Dillon, Esq. ; 
Ballyhehan, Redmond Magner ; Ballyve- 
laghan, Brian M 'William (Bourke) ; Doo- 

neen, John Cooper, Esq. 

In 1713, William, Earl of Inchiquin, 
made fee farm grants of various lands in this 
parish to James Molony of Kiltanon. His 
descendant, Major William Mills Molony, 
D.L., was the late owner. 





Proprietors in 1641. 

To whom disposed of. 






Slievecarran. 1 

Bishop of Kilfenora. 

Bishop of Killaloe. 

Wm. Neylan ; Rory, son of 
Rossa ; Owney, son of Lysagh ; 
and Conor Maoel O'Loghlen 
Donogh O'Brien, Esq. 

Carroll, Donogh, and Owen 

Earl of Thomond. 

William Neylan. 

Sir Thomas Blake; William 

Bishop of Kilfenora. 

Bishop of Killaloe. 

Sir William King; Wil- 
liam Neylan. 

Robert Dixon ; Earl of 

Colonel Cary Dillon. 

Sir William King ; 
William Neylan. 

Same, and Same. 



Earl of Thomond. 

Earl of Thomond; Conor 
O'Brien; Teige MacKervvick; 
Bryan MacOwen ; John Mac 
Kerwick ; Donogh MacGilla- 
duff; Turlogh O'Brien of 
Kilbrack ; Brian O'Loghlen ; 
Donogh, son of Rory O'Logh- 

Earl of Thomond. 

Henry Ivers; Earl of 

1 Several of the townlands of the parishes 
of Abbey and Oughtmama have been omitted 
in the Book of Distributions and Forfeitures, 
as will be seen by the above scanty list. 
The tenants of some of the townlands of 
Oughtmama in 1659 and 1664, were as 
follows: — Oughtmama, Charles MacDonogh, 

Dermot MacFinian; Finavarra,Teige O Daly. 
Laurence Bigg, and Laurence Markahan; 
Deelin, Daniel Oge; Aughawinnaun leim 
MacFineen, and Daniel MacTeige; lurJogh, 
Donogh MacFineen. Esq. ; and his son 
Donogh Oge ; and Daniel Mac* ineen. 



Carran parish — continued. 


Proprietors in 1641. 

To whom disposed of. 



Carran, alias Bal- 





Teige O'Brien; Donogh 
O'Brien, Esq. ; Mahone Oge; 
Mahone, son of Brian ; The 
heirs of Owney ; Turlogh, son 
of Owney ; Lysagh, son of 
Brian (O'Loghlen). 

Donogh O'Brien, Esq.; Rossa ; 
Turlogh; and Turlogh, son of 
Rory (O'Loghlen). 

Gillananeave O'Davoren; 

Loghlen MacBrian ; James 
MacCashea; Richard Mac 
Cashea ; Donogh O'Brien, 
Esq. ; Murtage Oge Mac 

Donogh O'Brien, Esq. 

Donogh O'Brien, Esq. ; Conor 
O'Gowan ; James O'Gowan ; 
Donogh, son of Owney; 
Mahone, son of Brian ; and 
Rossa (O'Loghlen). 

Donogh O'Brien, Esq. 

William Neylan. 

Heirs of Owney O'Loghlen. 

Brian, son of Connell; Donogh; 
Donogh, son ot Rory (O'Logh- 
len) ; Donogh 0"Brien, Esq. 

The Heirs of Owney O'Logh- 

John Blake ; John 

Earl of Inchiquin; Ladv 

Hugh Sweeney; (Pa- 

Earl of Inchiquin. 

Turlogh O'Hyne ; Sir 
Redmond Everard. 

Henry Ivers. 

William Neylan. 

John Drew^John Blake: 
Lady Blake. 

Robert Dixon ; Henry 
Ivers ; Ralph Wilson. 

John Blake ; Lady 


CARRAN PARISH — continue > '. 


Proprietors in 1641. 

To whom disposed of. 


Pharis, son of Rossa ; Tur- 
logh, son of Donogh ; Tur- 
logh, son of Rossa ; Owen, 
and Lysagh (O'Loghlen). 

Earl of Inchiquin ; Ig- 
natius French. 


Donogh O'Brien, Esq. ; Tur- 
logh, son ofMaoelin; Florence 
Oge FitzPatrick;TeigeO'Brien. 

Earl of Inchiquin; (Pa- 


Donogh, son of Rossa; Conor; 
Rossa ; and Donogh (O'Logh- 
len) ; Donogh O'Brien, Esq. ; 
Murtagh, son of Conor. 

William Ryan; Henry 
Ivers ; Lord Clare. 


Murtagh Oge MacCashea ; 
Murrogh MacOwen; Donogh 
O'Brien, Esq. ; James Mac 
Cashea; Nicholas MacCashea. 

Earl of Inchiquin ; 

Rannagh 1 . 

Donogh O'Brien ; Rossa 
O'Loghlen ; Donogh, son of 
Teige O'Brien. 

Earl of Inchiquin; John 
Drew ; John Blake ; 
Sir William King ; 
Donogh O'Brien. 


Ballycrenan, alias 



Donogh O'Brien, Esq. 

Donogh O'Brien, Esq.; Martin 

Lord Inchiquin. 

Donogh O'Brien, Esq. 

Thomas Bourke. 

Colonel Cary Dillon ; 
(as Trustee for trans- 
planted persons). 

Sir Henry Lynch ; Earl 
of Inchiquin. 

Edmond Nugent: 

1 Several townlands of this parish are left 
out of the Book of Distributions, as will be 
seen by the above list. Opposite to the 
notices of Carron and Ballydoora is a note 
to this effect: — "These S Cai row meers pay 
to the King yearly, 13s. 4c!.; and to the 
Bishop of Killaloe, 13s. 40". yearly, as chief 
rent to the said See." 

In 1630. the townland of Crughwill was 
occupied, as tenant, by Turlogh O'Loghlen, 
Esq.; Fahee, by Loghlen O'Hehir and 

Geoffrey Blake ; Cappakennedy, by John 
O'Hehir; Glencolumbkille, by James Ilynes 
and Brian Kilkelly ; Cappagh, by Andrew 
Martin, James Bodkin, and Paul Dood ; 
Coskeam, by Bryan O'Loghlen ; l'oulawack," 
by Donogh MacCarthy ; Cahermackmlla, by 
Brian O'Loghlen ; Outran, by Hugh Ilogan ; 
Meggagh, by Teige MacMahon, (a trans- 
planted person) ; Fanygalvan, by Teige 
U'Brien ; Glencolumbkille, by Anthony 
Lynch ; and Ramagh, by Mathew Windon. 


drumcreehy par ish — continued. 


Proprietors in 1641. 

To whom disposed of. 


See of Kilfenora. 

Bishop of Kilfenora. 



Wm. Neylan; Dominick Lynch. 
Owney More O'Loghlen. 

Edmond Nugent; Wm. 


Donogh O'Brien, Esq. 

Edmond Nugent. 


Martin Lynch. 

Colonel Cary Dillon. 


Owney More O'Loghlen's 
heirs ; William Neylan. 

John Blake; Val. Brown; 
Lady Blake; Wm. 



Donogh O'Brien, Esq. 

Edmond Nugent; Brid- 
get Clare. 

Tonarussa. 1 

Owney Oge O'Loghlen. 

Edmond Nugent; Wm. 



(sea beach). 

Murroogh Toohy. 

See of Kilfenora. 

James Lynch. 

Bishop of Kilfenora. 

James Aylmer; Bridget 

1 Several of the townlands of the parish of 
Drumcreehy are omited in the above list, 
but it is a correct transcript of the original. 

In 1659, the tenants occupying some of 
the lands of this parish were as follows : — 
Newtown, Robert Nugent, and Thomas 
Nugent, Esquires ; Ballycahill, Oliver Kir- 
wan ; Muckinish, John Tully ; L'allyconry, 
Cary Dillon ; Ballyvaghan, Mr. Glavine ; 
Dangan, Edmond McRichard. 

Edmond Nugent, above mentioned, wns 
son and heir of Robert Nugent of Carlans- 

town, Co. Westmeath, and was ancestor of 
Lord Nugent, and of the present Duke of 
Buckingham, in the female line. He was 
an " Innocent Papist," transplanted from 
Leinster into Clare. 

In the Roll of the Occupiers, liable, in 
this parish to pay the subsidy levied on the 
County of Clare in 1664, the name of Nicho- 
las Dooly is given as rated for the whole of 
Gleninagh : The tenant of Gleninagh in 
1659, was Teige OTIea. 





Proprietors in 1641. 

To whom disposed of. 


Daniel O'Brien. 

James Aylmer; Neptune 


Daniel Oge MacClancy. 

Conor, son of Donogh 
O'Brien; Nept. Blood. 


Fernandus MacFelem. 

Conor, son of Donogh 



Henry Ivers. 


Boetius Clancy. 

Earl of Anglesey. 


Conor Oge MacClancy ; John 

Earl of Anglesey ; John 
Cusack; Jas. Aylmer ; 
Neptune Blood. 


Daniel O'Brien; Bryan 

Conor, son of Donogh 
O'Brien; Henry Ivers. 


Fernandus MacFelem. 

James Aylmer ; Henry 


Donogh O'Brien ; Rossa 

Conor, son of Donogh 


Daniel Oge MacClancy. 

Donogh O'Loghlen ; 
Jas. Aylmer; H. Ivers. 


(sea inlets). 

James Lynch. 

Maurice Thompson. 



Wm.O'Neylan; Donogh O'Brien. 
Esq.; Teige, son of Brian; 
Loghlen, son of Lysagh ; 
Meaghan, son of Brian 

Laurence, and John 



kilcorney parish — continued. 


Proprietors in 1641 

To whom disposed of. 





Caherconnell. ) 
Poulnacarnagh. \ 





Moylaan. 1 

Same owners. 

Earl of Thomond. 

Florence FitzPatrick ; Donogh 
O'Brien, Esq. ; Conor Oge 
Callaghane; M'Loghlen Roe 
Callahane (O'Cullinane). 

Donogh O'Brien; M'Loghlen 
i Roe O'Cullinane ; Anthony, 
son of Conor ; and Lysagh, 
son of Phelim O'Loghlen. 

0'Loghlens;viz., Loghlen, son 
of Lysagh ; Loghlen, son of 
Owny; Phelim, son of Conor; 
Conor, son of Lysagh ; Tur- 
logh ; Rossa, son of Rory ; 
Mahone, son of Brian ; Flo- 
rence, son of Brian ; and 
Anthony Oge. 

Laurence and John 
Comyn ; Donogh 

MacNamara ; Ralph 

Earl of Thomond. 

Laurence and 


Laurence and John 
Comyn ; Earl of In- 


Earl of Inchiquin. 


Ballyconnoe north. 

Daniel O'Brien; Thomas Oge 

Pierce Creagh. 

Ballyconnoe south. 

Donogh O'Brien, Esq. 

Hugh Sweeney 
Creagh. / 



Dermot O'Brien ; Turlogh 
O'Brien; Conor O'Connor. 

William Ryan; 


'From the Subsidy Rolls of 1664, we loam sleade, Fodram, &c., John MacNamara; 

that the following were the occupying te- Poulbaun, Dermot Mahony; and liallymi- 

nants of Kilcorney parish: Eanty, Hugh hill, Hugh Hogan. 
Hogan; Caherconnell, Daniel Carthy; (.den- 



killeany parish — continued. 


Proprietors in 1 641. 

To whom disposed of. 


Name not given. 

Pierce Creagh. 

Cahermakerrila and 

Daniel O'Brien ; Murtagh and 
Conor O'Loghlen. 


Killeany. 1 

Daniel O'Brien. 
Donogh O'Brien, Esq. 

Hugh Sweeney; Pierce 

Pierce Creagh. 



Boetius Clancy ; Conor 

More Butler, alias Bry- 
an; Pierce Creagh. 


Daniel O'Brien. 

Alderman Pierce Cre- 
agh, of Limerick. 


Donogh, son of Bryan O'Logh- 
len; Maoelaghlin Cam 

Boetius Clancy. 

Teige Ryan ; Pierce 

Sir James Galway; 
Teige Ryan. 


Daniel O'Brien, 

Thomas Mead; Do- 
nogh O'Brien. 

Ballyteige and 

Finin FitzPatrick. 

J. Sarsfield; Earl of 
Inchiquin; Sir James 
Galway; Cyprian Da- 
voren ; Mary Bourke; 
Dr. Richard Madden. 


Turlogh, son of Loghlen, son 
of Murrogh O'Loghlen. 

More Butler; Pierce 

1 In 1659, and 1664, the tenants in occupa- leany, Donogh Ogc O'Loghlen ; of CaheT- 

tion of Ballyconnoe south were Cuvarra maan, Jeoffrey Blake; of Ballykilmartin, 

Maclnerney ; of Cahermakerrila, Conor James Clancy; and of Ballygastel, Cun>r 

O'Flanagan, and Nicholas Mahony; of Kil- O'Flanagan. 


kilmoon parish — continued. 


Proprietors in 1 641. 

To whom disposed ok 


Donogh O'Brien; Loghlen Oge, 
son of Lysagh O'Loghlen. 

Thomas Meade ; Pierce 


Daniel O'Brien. 

Pierce Creagh. 





William Neylan, an infant. 

William Neylan. 


Donogh O'Brien; Turlogh, son 
of Loghlen O'Loghlen. 

Earl of Inchiquin; 
Pierce Creagh. 


Daniel Oge Clancy. 
Donogh O'Brien, Esq. 

More Butler ; Dr. 
Richard Madden. 
Pierce Creagh. 

Lismorahaun. 1 


Thomas Mead. 


Ballyganner North. 
Ballyganner South. 

Donogh MacCashea; James 
Cashea ; Donogh O'Brien. 

Loghlen O'Flanagee; Donogh 
O'Flanagee; Dermot Oge 
O'Flanagee Gillananeave 
O'Davoren ; Hugh O'Davo- 
ren ; Murrogh O'Brien ; 
Conor O'Flanahee ; Con- 
stance, son of Donald O'Da- 
voren ; Cyprian O'Davoren; 
James Cashea ; Bryan Fitz- 
Patrick ; Dermot O'Connor; 
MargaretCrannagh O'Davoren 

Lord Clare; (after- 
wards F. Burton and 

Ralph Wilson ; Lord 
Clare ; (afterwards F. 
Burton and others). 

1 Certain townlands of this parish 
are omitted from the above list. In the 
years 1659, and 1664, the tenants in occupa- 
tion of the subjoined townlands were : Lis- 
morahaun, Bryan MacConsidine; Ballyhenna, 
David Creagh ; Kilmore, John Creagh ; 
Lisdoonvarna, James Butler, and Donogh 

O'Brien ; Ballydonoghue, Daniel O'Brien ; 
Lisheeneagh, Nicholas Dooly ; Coolemore, 
Conor O'Brien ; Ballyneillan, Catherine 
Wolfe ; Bally insheenbeg, Donogh O'Logh- 
len ; Bnllyinsheenmore, Patrick Sarsfield, 
Esq. ; Knockaskeheen, More ny Brian ; and 
Caherbarna"h, Daniel O.Brien. 


NOUGHAVAL parish — continued. 


Proprietors in 1641. 

To whom disposed of. 


Earl of Thomond. 

Earl of Thomond. 


Conor O'Brien. 

John Dury; Donogh 

Cragnarooan (Rue.) 

Gillananeave O'Davoren. 

Sir William King. 


Murtagh O'Brien. 


Caherpolla, alias 

Lord Inchiquin ; Donogh 

Earl of Inchiquin ; 


O'Brien, Esq. ;Conor O'Brien; 
Bryan, son of Edmund; Conor, 
son of Murtagh; Moonagh; 
Conor ; and Donogh, son of 
Rossa (O'Loghlen). 

Conor O'Connor. 


John Neylan ; Wm. Neylan ; 
Conor O'Brien. 

Ralph Wilson. 


Conor O'Brien. 

John Dury; Lord Clare; 
(afterwards F.Burton). 


Donogh O'Brien, Esq. ; Bryan 

Robert Dixon ; Sir 

FitzPatrick ; Dermot O'Con- 

Wm. King. 

nor ; Conor O'Flanagan ; 

Margaret Carronagh 


O'Davoran ; Gillananeave 

O'Davoran; Erwin O'Davoren; 

Murtagh O'Davoren ; Teige ; 

Hugh ; Manus ; Gillananeave, 

son of Hugh ; Hugh ; and 

Constance, son of Daniel 


Sheshymore. 1 

Earl of Thomond ; Conor and 

John Dury; Ralph 

and Donogh, sons of Rossa 

Wilson ; Earl of Tho- 



1 In the year 1659. the townland of Sheshy- 
more, in this pari>h, was occupied as tenant 
by Owen MacCarthy ; Ballymurphy, by 
Owen O'Halloran ; Ballymahony, by Cor- 
mac MacCarthy and Dermot Mahony ; Ca- 
herpollagh, Thomas MacMurtagh ; Sheshy, 
Brian O'Loghlen ; Noughaval, Murtagh 

Davoren ; Ballyhumulta, John O'Connor : 
Cahermacnaghten, Boetius Davoren. 

About the year 1712. the Earl of 1 hr.moiu! 
made a letting, in perpetuity, of Ballyma- 
hony, in thisV risn » aml of ^ >il '. 1 ;- um - m 
Kilcorney, to h'ir Donat O'Brien, ol Drum, 
land, at the yearly rent of ^45- 





Proprietors in 1 64 1. 

To whom disposed of. 




Cahermacnaghten . 
alias Kilbrack. 


Croagh North. 
Croagh South. 



Donogh O'Brien, Esq. ; Domi- 
nick Lynch. 

Donogh O'Brien; Brian O'Logh- 

Donogh O'Brien, Esq. ; Logh- 
len Oge ; Rossa, son of 
I Rory ; Owney ; and Donogh 

Hugh O'Davoren, (Cahermac- 
naghton); Turlogh O'Brien and 
Daniel O'Brien, (Kilbrack). 

John O'Davoren. 

Donogh O'Brien, Esq. 

Brian O'Loghlen. 


Donogh O'Brien. 
Proprietor's name not given. 

Edmond Nugent. 

Edmond Nugent 
William Neylan. 

Lord Clare, (Kilbrack); 
Sir William King; Gil- 
lananeave Oge O'Da- 

Sir William King; 
Robert Dixon. 

Edmond Nugent. 


Laurence and John 
Comyn; (Transplanted 
Papists from co. 

Henry Ivers ; Donogh 
MacNamara; Thomas 

Edmond Nugent. 

George Martin ; Sylves- 
ter Hehir ; Donogh 
MacNamara ; (after- 
wards John Gusack). 

1 In 1659, the tenants of certain of the Geoffrey Martin ; Ballyhohill, Philip and 
townlands of this parish were the sub- Richard Coogane ; Lislarheenmore, Hugh 
joined: — Feenagh, Andrew O'llalloran and O'Davoren; Croagh south, Murlagh Oge 




Proprietors in 1 641. 

To whom disposed of. 


Owney More O'Loghlen. 

George Martin. 


Turlogh O'Loghlen. 

Edmond Nugent. 


Donogh O'Brien, 

Constance D a vore n ; 
Sir William King. 



Sir William King. 

Lisnalogherne and 

Hugh O'Davoren. 

Laurence and John 

Lissylisheen. 1 

Donogh O'Brien; Gillananeave 

Sir William King. 


Ballinacally. 2 

(Paradise Hill). 



Sir Teige MacMahon, Bart.; or 
James Bourke of Limerick. 

Earl of Thomond. 

Brian MacMahon. 
Earl of Thomond. 

Sir Henry Ingoldsby. 
Earl of Thomond. 

Sir Henry Ingoldsby ; 

Ralph Wilson. 
Earl of Thomond. 

O'Davoren ; Ballyallaban, Thomas Blake 
and Oliver Kirvvan ; Cahermacnaghten, 
(iillananeave Oge O'Davoren; Ballyvaghan, 
Robert Nugent ; Croagh north, Ferral 
MacGowran ; Lismacteige, John Cooper, 
Esq. ; Lissylisheen, Boetius Davoren ; Lis- 
gogan, Conor MacCarthy ; Gragans, Francis 

2 In the year 1659, the occupying tenants 
of the lands of Liskelloge were Lieutenant 

George Ross, Desunny Norton. Win. 
dale, and Hugh Brigdale. 

In 1664, the tenant occupying \>\ 
cally was Lady Castleconnell ; \'>x\\\w 
Thomas Cullen : Lack, Edward 1 
Coolsuppeen and Breaghva, Sir 
Fitzmaurice. „ 

About the year 171 2, the Earl of I \v ■ 
made leases for ever <>f the subjoined 
in this parish :— Burren to John Ko.v>< 





Proprietors in 1641. 

To whom disposed of. 









Liskelloge, (Fort- 


SirTeige MacMahon, Bart.; or 
James Bourke of Limerick. 

Brian MacMahon. 

SirTeige MacMahon; or James 

Brian MacMahon; Daniel 

Earl of Thomond. 



Sir Teige MacMahon; or James 

Brian MacMahon. 

I Donogh MacGillareagh. 


i SirTeige MacMahon ; Dermot 

j and Conor MacGillareagh. 

I Earl of Thomond. 

Sir Henry Ingoldsby. 

Nicholas Bourke: Lord 

Ralph Wilson j Eliza I 

Sir Henry Ingoldsby. 

Earl of Thomond. 


Sir Henry Ingoldsby. 

Ralph Wilson ; Dame 
Eliza Fitzmaurice. 

John Connor FitzAn- 
drew; Sir H. Ingoldsby. 

No name given. 

Sir Henry Ingoldsby. 
Earl of Thomond. 

at £(>-\' yearly rent; Rosscliff to Richard represented by Thomas Rice Ilenn, Esq., 
Henri, at £\o \ Ballynagard to same, at Q.C., D.L., Recorder of Gal way. 
,£20 ; and Inishmore to Exors. of Thomas Lieutenant George Ross was one of the 

.MacMahon. Trustees of the estate of the Earl of Thomond, 

during the reign of Cromwell. His descen- 
Richard Ilenn, above named, is now dants assumed the name of Ross Lewin. 





Proprietors in 1641. 

Ailroe. 1 







Earl of Thomond ; Sir Teige 
Mac Mahon, Bart.; and the fol- 
lowing MacMahons, viz. : — 
Donogh.son of Dermot; Mur- 
tagh ; Murtagh, son of Rory 
Gowlagh j all of Ailroe. 

Mahone MacMahon of Cro- 

Earl of Thomond. 

Thomas, son of Shane ; and 
John, son of Conor ; both of 
Aghnaclogher ; Hugh, son of 
John MacMahon ; Earl of 

James MacDonogh, of Cloon- 

Dermot MacGillareagh, of 
Cloonboyerna ; Mahone Mac 
Gillareagh, of Cloondrinagh. 

Sir Teige MacMahon ; Brian 
MacMahon of Lack; Mahone, 
son of Donogh; Murtagh, son 
of Brian ; and Conor, son of 
Mahone MacMahon ; all of 

Sir Tei?e MacMahon, Bart. 

To whom disposed of. 

Lord Clare; (afterwards 
F.Burton, and others); 
Colonel Francis Wil- 
loughby ; Earl of 

James Freena ; Captain 
Teige MacMahon. 

Earl of Thomond. 

Henry Ivers ; Earl of 
Thomond ; Captain 
Thomas Cullen. 

Simon Eaton ; James 
Freena ; (both Trans- 
planted Papists): Cap- 
tain Teige MacMahon . 

James Freena. 

Symon Eaton ; Mary 
Hughes, alias Hurd ; 
(a Transplanted 

John Conor FitzAn- 
drew; (afterwards John 
Cusack) ; Sir Henry 

1 In the year 1659, the subjoined townlands 
of this parish were occupied by tenants as 
follows : — Ailroe, N. Fox and Francis 

Meade; Cloondrinagh, Maurice Fitzgerald, 
Esq., Garrett Fitzgerald, gent., Creagh, 
and Murphy; Coolmeen, Teige MacCarthy ; 


kilfiddane parish — continued. 


Proprietors in 


To whom disposed of. 


Earl of Thomond. 

Earl of Thomond ; Sir 
Henry Ingoldsby. 



Earl of Thomond. 






Same ; and Captain 
Teige MacMahon. 


Conor, son of Shane Mac- 

Henry Lee. 


Earl of Thomond. 

Earl of Thomond. 


Ballyleaan. 1 


Teige, son of Murtagh ; and 
Mahone MacMahon. 

Mahone; Thomas, son of 
Teige ; and Mahone Mac- 

Same Proprietors. 
Earl of Thomond. 

Teige MacMahon, son 
of Turlogh. 

Joan and Teige Mac- 
Mahon; Henry White; 
Donogh O'Brien. 

Sir Redmond Everard ; 
Donogh O'Brien. 

Captain Teige Mac- 
Mahon ; Earl of Tho- 

Derryshaan, Charles MacCarthy ; Erribul, 
Nicholas Fox ; Moyfadda, John Long, and 
his sons James and John ; Cahiracon, Henry 

About the year 1712, the Earl of Thomond 
made lettings, by lease for ever, of certain 
lands in Kilfiddane, viz. : — Cahiracon, to 
Angel Scott, at the yearly rent of _£6o ; 
Effernane to Richard Ilenn, at £\z ; Derry- 

shaan to Cornelius Gillareagh, at ^10; 
Derrynageeha to Thomas Spaight, at ^5; 
Moy to Francis Harrison, at /'So. 

1 In the year 1659, the following were the 
tenants occupying some of the townlands in 
this parish : — Ballynacragga, Mahone Mac- 
Mahon ; Glenconaun, Teige MacMahon, 
Esq., son of Turlogh. 

In 1664, the following were the tenants of 

killadysert parish — continued. 


Proprietors in 1641. 

To whom disposed of. 







Mahone Gillapatrick. 

Mahone MacMahon ; John 

Mahone MacMahon. 

Mahone ; John, son of Conor; 
and Conor MacMahon. 

Earl of Thomond ; Mahone 

Mahone MacMahon. 
Earl of Thomond. 

Mahone; Teige, son of Donogh; 
Murtagh, son of Teige ; Tur- 
logh, son of Conor ; Mahone, 
son of Donogh, and Teige, 
son of Donogh; (MacMahon). 

Richard Butler; 
Colonel Francis 


Henry White; Donogh 
O'Brien ; Capt. Teige 

Donogh O'Brien ; Cap- 
tain Teige Mac Mahon. 

Henry White; Donogh 
O'Brien ; Capt. Teige 
MacMahon ; Lord 

Donogh O'Brien; 
Teige MacMahon ; 
(afterwards Robert 
Harrison) ; Earl of 

Donogh O'Brien; Cap- 
tain Teige MacMahon 

Captain Teige Mac- 
Mahon ; Earl of Tho- 

Donogh O'Brien ; Dr. 
Richard Madden ; 
John Connor Fitz- 
Andrew ; Teige Mac- 
Mahon; Anne Nugent. 

the parish as £iven in the Subsidy rolls : — 
Inishmacowney, Inishloe, &c. John O'Hallo- 
ran; Inishcorker, Thomas Cullen; Ballybean, 
Brian, son of John M'Mahon; Lisconolan, 
Henry Rogers; Craghera, Sir Francis Wil- 
loughby ; Clounkett, Sir Henry Ingoldsby. 

About the year 171 2, the Earl of Thomond 
made leases forever of the following lands:— 
Cooga, Richd. Hearn, Thus. Grady, yearly- 
rent, ,£30 ; Killadysert, Angel Scott, ,£30 ; 
Crovraghan, Sam. Weakly, £46. 




Proprietors in 1641. 

To whom disposed of. 


Bishop of Killaloe. 

Bishop of Killaloe. 


Earl of Thomond ; 

Mahone Gillapatrick. 


Donogh O'Brien; Teige 
MacMahon ; Toan 
MacMahon ; Earl of 

James Nixon. 


No name given. 

Richard Butler. 


Earl of Thomond. 

Earl of Thomond. 


Earl of Thomond ; Mahone 
Gillapatrick ; Teige, son of 
Murtagh ; Bryan, and Conor, 
sons of John MacMahon. 

Earl of Thomond. 

Sir Redmond Evenrd ; 
Donogh O'Brien John 
O'ConorFitzAndrew ; 
(afterwards John 
Cusack) ; Capt. Teige 
MacMahon ; Earl of 

Earl of Thomond. 

Canon Island. 




Gabriel Gahvay. 
Earl of Thomond. 

Earl of Ossory ; Earl of 
Arran ; Sir Arthur 
Gore; (in trust for 1 649 

Earl of Thomond. 






.- Same. 





! Earl of Thomond. 
Earl of Thomond. 

Earl of Thomond. 

Earl of Thomond. 
Earl of Thomond. 
Earl of Thomond. 

KILLIMER parish — continued. 


Proprietors in 1 641. 

To whom disposed of. 






Derrylough. . 



Tonavoher. 1 

Earl of Thomond. 

Earl of Thomond. 

Earl of Thomond. 

Sir Teige MacMahon, Bart. ] 
Sir Teige MacMahon, Bart. 
Sir Teige MacMahon, Bart. 
Sir Teige MacMahon, Bart. 
Sir Teige MacMahon, Bart. 
Sir Teige MacMahon, Bart. 

Earl of Thomond. 
Earl of Thomond. 
Earl of Thomond. 

Captain Teige Mac- 
Mahon; James Nixon; 
Earl of Thomond ; 
Bishop of Killaloe ; 
Robert Longfield. 


Ballina. 2 



Sir Teige MacMahon, Bart. 

Murtagh, son of Teige, son of 
Murtagh : Brian, son of Mur- 
tagh ; Dermot, son of Shane ; 
Brian, son of Shane ; Dermot, 
son of Murtagh (M'Mahon) ; 
all of Ballyartney ; Sir Teige 
MacMahon, Bart., of Clon- 

Conor, son of Shane; Murtagh, 
Maoel ; Brian, son of Shane ; 
Dermot, son of Shane ; Der- 
mot, son of Murtagh. 

Colonel Francis 
Willoughby ; Captain 
Wm. Hamilton. 

Sir Henry Ingoldsby. 

Captain William Ham- 
ilton, as Trustee for 
the '49 officers. 

1 The tenants in actual occupation of certain 
of the above townlands in the year 1659, 
were as follows : — Carrowdotia, Tat Harrold; 
Doonagurroge, Walter Hickman ; Burrane, 
Pierce Moroney and Thomas Clancv. 

About the year 1 712, the Earl of Thomond 

made letting;, by lease for ever, of the lands 
of Doonagurroge to Pool Hickman, at the 
yearly rent of £37, and of Ballymacrinan to 
Michael Hickey, at £$S per annum. 

2 In 1659. the followini; townlands were 
occupied by the undernamed tenants : — 




Proprietors in 164 1. 

To whom disposed of. 


Teige MacMahon. 

Richard Butler ; Sir 
James Cufte ; Sir H. 


Sir Teige MacMahon. 

Colonel Fran cis 

Bally ogan. 


Thomas Mara. 



Col. F. Willoughby;) 

Capt. Wm. Hamilton, 
as Trustee. 



Col. Willoughby. 



Thomas Mara. 



Col. Willoughby; Capt. 
Hamilton, as Trustee. 


Mahone MacMahon. 

Bishop of Killaloe. 


Sir Teige MacMahon. 

Col. Willoughby; Capt. 
Hamilton, as Trustee. 



Col. Willoughby. 

Mahonagh, and 

- Same. 

Capt. Hamilton, as 
Trustee for the 1649 



Donogh, son of Brian Mac 

Thos. Butler; H. Ivers; 


Lord Clare ; (after- 
wards Henry Hick 

Ballyartney, Cornet (korgeMetham; Bally- More; Kilkerin, by Christian Creagh ; 

mulchar, David Barry, Kmi. : Culmanstown, Knockroe, by Lady MacMahon; Slievedooly, 

Francis Stritch and Tlios. Mara ; Cloonara.vs by John O'Meere ; and Killohn, by Charles 

by Henry Lee; Mahonagh, by James Caithy. 

kilmihil parish — continued. 


Proprietors in 1641. 

To whom disposed of. 

Bally dun een. 





Lissanair alias 
Derrycrossane. 1 

Brian, and Murtagh Mac 
Mahon, the elder. 

John MacNamara. 

Sir Daniel O'Brien; Daniel 
MacGorman the elder; Daniel 
MacGorman the younger ; 
Conor, Thomas, Teige, Man- 
chad, and Scanlane, (Mac- 

Brian, and Murtagh 
Mahon, the elder. 


Brian MacMahon Esq. ; Mur- 
tagh, and Thomas MacMahon 

John MacNamara; Murtagh 
MacMahon; John O'Gillahi- 

Brian MacMahon Esq. ; Brian 
MacMahon, gent 

John MacNamara ; Thomas 
O'Cloghessy ; Murtagh Mac- 
Mahon, the younger. 

patrick ; (afterwards 
John Cusack) ; Sir 
Henry Ingoldsby ; 
Henry Ivers. 
Alderman Wm. York ; 
H. Ivers ; Thady 
Lord Clare ; (afterwards 
Francis Burton and 

Slaney-ny-Donogh Gil- 
lapatrick ; Sir H. In- 
goldsby ; H. Ivers. 

Lord Clare; (afterwards 
F. Burton and others.) 

Paul Strange ; (Decree 
dated June, 1676.) 
Marcus Magrath ; 
Donogh MacNamara; 
Henry Ivers ; Tiege 
O'Brien; Edward Fan- 
ning ; Thomas Green. 

Lord Clare; (afterwards 
Francis Burton and 

Thomas Butler; Henry 
Ivers ; Lord Clare ; 
Henry Hickman. 

1 Derrycrossane. — In 1666, Henry Hick- 
man had this in right oi his wife Ilonoria 
MacMahon, who, like himself, was a Pro- 

testant. In 1641, it had belonged to the 
mother of the said Honoria whose name was 
Anakin Graneera, daughter of Isaac Granier 


kilmihil parish — continued. 


Proprietors in 1641. 

To whom disposed of. 


Daniel O'Brien. 

Lord Clare; (F. Bur- 
ton and others.) 


Murtagh MacMahon. 

John Creagh; Sir Oliver 
Bourke, Bart. 

Tirmanroe and 
Lissenegan. 1 

John MacNamara. 

Marcus Magrath. 


Bally curraun. 2 

Conor MacMahon. 

Jeoffrey French; Robert 
Dixon; (afterwards, in 
1686, Walter Hick- 


Brian MacMahon, Esq.; 
Thomas MacGorman. 

Sir Henry Ingoldsby. 


Sir Teige MacMahon, Bart. 

Robert Dixon ; (after- 
wards, in 1686, Walter 


Earl of Thomond. 

Earl of Thomond. 


Richard White. 

Col. Car}- Dillon Rafter- 
wards, in 1 6 86, Walter 

of Kilrush, a Dutch Protestant. Note in 
Booh of Distributions and Forfeitures. 

1 In 1659, the following townlands of this 
parish were occupied as tenants by the un- 
dernamed persons : — Cahermurphy, — 
Miller, George and Lau. Fitzharris ; Cor- 
raiee, Dermot FitzPatrick ; Kiltumper, Col. 
Donogh MacCarthy, and Dermot Mac 
Carthy ; Lissanair, James HtzGerald ; 
Leitrim, Dominick Roche ; Cahercana- 
van, Pierce Creagh fitzAndrew ; Kiltumper, 

William Shaughnessy ; Lack, Tho=. Green ; 
Derrycrossane, \Ym. Herley ; Ballydrumen- 
agh, Henry Lee. 

- In the years 1659 and 1664, the tenants in 
actual occupation of some of the above de- 
nominations were as follows : — Cassarnagh, 
Francis Creagh ; Kilmore, James Stack- 
poole; Carrowbane, George Roche; Clon- 
deralaw, Henry Lee; Carrownbka, Thomas 
Gibenane ; Ballvcurraun, Teige Moriarty ; 
Tullycrine, Mrs. Butler. 

KILMURRAY parish — continued. 


Proprietors in 1 64 1. 

To whom disposed of. 


Sir Teige MacMahon, Bart. 

Sir Henry Ingoldsby. 

Crossbeg & Cross- 

Bryan MacMahon; Donogh, 
son of Brian : and Donogh, 
son of Murrogh MacMahon. 

Sir Henry Ingoldsby ; 
Pierce White. 


Sir Teige MacMahon, Bart. 

Sir Henry Ingoldsby. 


Brian MacMahon, Esq. ; Thomas 



Sir Tiege MacMahon, Bart. 

Col. Cary Dillon; (after- 
wards, in 1686, Walter 



Sir Henry Ingoldsby. 


Conor MacMahon. 

Jeoffrey French; Robt. 
Dixon ; (afterwards, in 
1686, W. Hickman.) 


Earl of Thomond. 

Earl of Thomond 





Thomas, Daniel, Melaghlin, and 
Murtagh (MacGorman). 

Captain William Ham- 
ilton, as Trustee for 
the 1649 officers. 

458 . 





Proprietors in 1641. 

To whom disposed of. 


William Neylan ; Teige O'Con- 

Oliver MacDonogh ; 
Wm. Neylan; Richard 


Daniel O'Brien. 

Earl of Ossory, and 


Donogh, and Hugh O'Connor. 

Earl of Inchiquin ; Rd. 
Shee ; Peter Pelly ; 
John MacDonogh. 


Donogh O'Brien ; Collagh, 
son of Teige O'Connor. 

Donogh O'Brien ; Earl 
of Ossory; John Gore. 


Tenants to Dean and Chapter 
of Kilfenora, viz. : — Donogh 
and Daniel O'Brien; Loghlen, 
son of Mahone; Edmond; and 
Edmond Liath O'Dea; Gilla- 
duff, and Daniel MacMurry. 

Bishop of Kilfenora. 


Teige O'Brien. 

John Dury ; Maurice 


Daniel O'Brien. 

Earl of Inchiquin ; 
Donogh O'Brien. 


Daniel FitzDonogh. 

Donogh 0'Brien;Theo- 
bald Butler. 


Daniel O'Brien. 

Donogh O'Brien. 


Donogh O'Brien. 

Earl of Inchiquin ; 
Donogh O'Brien. 



CLOONEY PARISH — continued. 

Proprietors in 164 1. 

To whom disposed of. 


Daniel O'Brien. 

Donogh O'Brien. 


Daniel O'Brien. 

Donogh O'Brien ; Earl 
of Ossory. 


Daniel FitzDonogh. 

Donogh O'Brien. 


Daniel O'Brien. 

Henry Ivers; Donogh 


Teige O'Brien. 

John Dury. 


Daniel O'Brien; Charles, 
Donogh O'Connor. 

son of 

Earl of Ossory, and 


Danl. O'Brien ; Daniel 


Ben. Lucas; Lord Mas- 

Encargie ; Daniel 


sareene ; Donogh 

Moananagh. 1 

Daniel O'Brien. 

Earl of Inchiquin. 



William, son of Daniel Neylan ; 
Charles O'Connor. 

Francis Foster. 


Murrogh O'Brien. 

Lord Kingston ; 
nogh O'Brien. 



Daniel, and Loghlen Mergagh 

Patrick Stafford ; 
nelius Lysaght. 


1 Several of the townlands of this parish 
are omitted from the Book of Distributions 
ami Forfeitures as will be seen from the 
above list. 

In 1659 and 1664, the tenant of Teerle- 
heen was. Donogh MacCarthy;ofDerrymore, 

Nicholas Canavane ; of Moananagh, Teige 
and Tohn Hurley ; of Ballycullinagh, AnlarT 
O'Leerv ; of Clooney, Thomas Drown ; of 
Cahersherkin, Christopher Curtin; of Killei- 
nagh. John Hill ; of Glen, Garret Lynch 
and Daniel O'Brien. 



kilfenora parish — continued. 


Proprietors in 1641. 




Ballykeel North. 

Ballykeel South. 



To whom disposed of. 

William Neylan. 

Turlogh, son of Brian O'Con- 
nor ; The heirs of Conor, son 
of Daniel O'Brien ; William 

Murrogh O'Brien. 

Name not given. 

Donogh O'Brien ; Hugh 

Daniel O'Brien. 

Daniel O'Shanny. 

Teige O'Brien. 

Teige O'Brien; Boetius Clancy, 
of Knockfin, Esq. 

Daniel O'Shanny. 

Donogh O'Brien ; Teige 
O'Brien ; Hugh O'Connor. 

William, son of Daniel Neylan. 

John Neylan ; Conor O'Brien. 

Name not given. 

Edward Neylan, and 

Francis Foster ; John 
MacDonough ; Wil- 
liam Neylan; Thomas 

Donogh O'Brien. 

Donogh O'Brien; T. 
and C. MacDonough. 



Earl of Inchiquin. 

T.andC. MacDonough; 
Pat Stafford. 

Timothy and Corne- 
lius MacDonough. 

Same and same. 

Donogh O'Brien. 

William Neylan. 

Donogh O'Brien. 

Edward and Michael 
Neylan; H. I vers"; 
Lord Massareene. 


kilfenora parish — continued. 


Proprietors in 164 1. 

To whom disposed of. 







Daniel O'Shanny. 

Honora Wingfield. 1 
Patrick Lysaght. 
Teige O'Brien. 

In controversy. 
Teige O'Brien. 

Daniel O'Shanny; Heirs of 
Rory O'Connor. 

William Neylan ; Daniel 

Daniel O'Shanny. 

Donogh MacCae, and 
others; Donogh 

Lord Powerscourt. 

Patrick Lysaght. 

Walter Wall; Sir Wil- 
liam King. 

Neptune Blood ; Sir 
William King; John 

Patrick Stafford; Wal- 
ter Wall, and others. 

Donogh O'Brien. 

Edward Neylan. 

T. and C. MacDonough ; 
Edward Neylan. 

1 Honora Wingfield was the eldest daughter 
of Teige O'Brien of Smithstown, second son 
of Murrogh, first Baron of Inchiquin. She 
was the mother of Sir Ed waul Wingfield, 
ancestor of the Lords Powerscourt, and of 
several daughters, one of whom was married 
to Donogh, son of Conor O'Brien of Lea- 
maneh, Esq. 

In 165 ), some of the townlands of this 
parish were occupied as follows :— -Bally- 
shanny, byWm. Rumseyand his son William; 
Ballykeel North, by Daniel McDonogh, and 
Moneen, by Maoelmurry MacSweeney. 

In 1664, the subsidy tax was levied on 
the following occupiers of the lands of this 

parish :— Ballyclancahill, Conor O'Leery ; 
Wallvdonnelbane, Danl. O'Leery; Bally- 
roughan, Manus MacSheehy ; Ballyhomuha, 
John O'Connor ; Cartowgar, Boetius Clancy; 
Clooneen, John Cooper ; Ballykirrin, Danl. 
MacDonogh ; Bally>hanny and Ballykeale, 
same ; Ballybreen, Donogh MacCormack ; 
Clogher, Dermot Mahony; Castlequarter, 
Maoelmurry MacSweeney ; Clooneen West, 
Egan MacEgan ; Cloonkilleen, Edward 
Neylan ; Kilcarragh, Charles O'Connor ; 
Kiltorate, John Mahony; Gortenard, f. 
Callaghan ; Loughbullagane, Garret Barry ; 
Tulla, Manus MacSheehy. 

4 6: 


KILFENORA PARISH — continued. 


Proprietors in 164 1. 

To whom disposed of. 


Honora Wingfield ; John 

O'Daly ; Heirs of Dary 

• O'Daly; Daniel Oge Daly. 

John Cusack ; Lord 


William, son of Daniel Ney- 
lan ; Teige, son of Daniel 

Earl of Inchiquin ; E. 
of Massareene ; Do- 
nogh O'Brien ; Wm. 


Heirs of Conor, son of Daniel 


SirWm. King ; Donogh 
O'Brien; Lord Kings- 

Lord Kingston. 


Teige O'Brien. 

William Neylan ; Do- 
nogh O'Brien. 

Fanta Glebe. 

Deanery of Kilfenora. 

Bishop of Kilfenora. 


Turlogh O'Brien. 

Arthur Hyde ; Patrick 


Honora Wingfield. 

Lord Powerscourt. 





Bishop of Kilfenora. 

Bishop of Kilfenora. 


Boetius Clancy, of Knockfmn. 

Arthur Hyde ; Maurice 


Bishop of Kilfenora. 

Bishop bf Kilfenora. 


Dermot O'Connor. 

Donogh O'Brien; Ma- 
urice Thompson. 


Boetius Clancy, of Knockfmn. 

Patrick Stafford. 


Daniel O'Brien; Heirs c 
MacEncarriga; Teige 

)f Teige 

Lord Kingston. 


kilfenora parish — continued. 


Proprietors in 1641. 

To whom disposed of. 


Daniel O'Brien; Teige O'Brien. 

Lord Kingston. 


Murtagh Oge MacEncarigga ; 
Conor O'Brien. 

William Neylan. 


John Neylan. 

Lord Kingston. 


Murrogh O'Brien. 

Lord Kingston. 


(a path.) 




Killaspuglonane. ] 





Daniel O'Brien. 

Teige O'Brien. 

Brian O'Connor; Wm. Neylan; 
Flan Neylan. 

Conor,son of Meikas;Solomon, 
and Farbshaigh MacCurtin ; 
Patrick Comyn. 

Donogh O'Brien, as tenant of 
Dean and Chapter of Kilfenora. 

Henry O'Brien. 

Edward Neylan. 

Turlogh O'Brien ; Mahone 

Heirs of Conor, son of Daniel 

Donogh O'Brien; 
Richard Shea. 

Lord Ikerrin. 

Donogh O'Brien ; Lord 

Lord Ikerrin. 

Bishop of Kilfenora. 

Richard Shea. 
Lord /Ikerrin. 
Lord Ikerrin. 

Lord Kingston. 

' In the Subsidy Roll of 1664, Owen Ney- lonane; and Nichs. Oge Neylan of Knoci 
Ian is set down as the tenant of Killaspug- naraha. 




Proprietors in 1641. 

To whom disposed of. 










William, son of Daniel Neylan. 


William Neylan. 


Boetius and Conor Clancy. 

No name given. 

Boetius Clancy; Daniel O'Brien 

Doetius Clancy. 

Boetius Clancy, son of I >aniel 

Donoirh O'Brien. 

Boetius Clancy; Hugh Clancy. 

Cahcrkinalli.i.. K cius Clancv. 

Doetius, and Daniel Ogo Clancy 
Daniel O'Brien. 

Sir Henry Lynch; John 
Gore ; John Sarsheld ; 
Lord Ikerrin. 

Richard Shee : Francis 
Corr ; Wm. Hamilton. 

More Butler, alias 
Bryan ; Ralph Wilson. 

Arthur Hyde. 

Lord Ikerrin ; William 
Hamilton ; John Sars- 

Richard Shea ; Henrv 

I vers ; Thos. Corr; 

John Gore ; J. Sars- 



John Sarsfield. 

Conor, son of Donogh 
O'Brien; Thos. Corr. 

More Butler, a!:'as 
O'B rien; Ri chard 



killilagh parish — continued. 


Proprietors in 1 641. 

To whom disposed of. 

east. 1 

Boetius, son of Murtagh 

Walter Blake. 


Conor Clancy. 

John Sarsfield. 


Boetius Clancy. 







Same, and Thomas Carr. 


Hugh, and Daniel Oge Clancy. 

Thomas Carr ; Arthur 
Hyde ; John Gore. 


Donogh O'Brien. 

John Sarsfield. 


Boetius Clancy. 




Arthur Hyde. 



John Sarsfield. 


Donogh O'Brien. 



Daniel Oge Clancy 


Glasha, west. 

Boetius Clancy. 


Glasha, east. 

Boetius, and Hugh Clancy. 

John Gore. 


Boetius Clancy. 

Lord Ikerrin ; John 


No name given. 

Sir Henry Lynch. 

' The following townlands in tliis parish Daniel and Owen Sullivan ; Carrownacleary, 
were occupied in the year 1659. by the by Dermot O'Sullivan ; Toomullin, l>y 
undermentioned tenants : — Ballynahown, by Edmund Fitzgerald ; Teergonean, by Danl. 

2 G 


KILLILAGH PARISH — C07lti?iued. 


Proprietors in 


To whom disposed of. 


Boetius,sonof Murtagh Clancy. 

William Hamilton. 


Boetius Clancy. 

John Sarsficld. 

Toomullin. ' 





Conor, son of Donogh 



Earl of Thomond. 

Earl of Thomond. 


Donogh O'Brien, tenant to 
Dean & Chapter of Kilfenora, 
being Mensal lands. 

Bishop of Kilfenora. 


Andrew, son of John Comyn. 

Lord Ikerrin. 


Patrick Comyn. 


Bally herragh. 

Daniel O'Brien. 

Donogh O'Brien : Win. 



Same ; and same. 


Cormuck O'Cahill. 

William Hamilton. 


Daniel O'Brien. 

Donogh O'Brien : Wm. 


Andrew, son of John Comyn. 

Wm. Hamilton. 


Patrick Comyn. 

Lord Ikerrin ; Pom\nh 

McGillaridy ; Cahermacrosheen, by James In 1654. Ballynalackcn was cuvurv < l»> 

Clancy; and Carrowgar. by "Sir Turlagh John Cusack ; Corkelty, by Thus. C'.wo 

Masjrath, a poore decayed Baronet." and Conor O'Brien ; Doolin, by X. 1 » ' '■< "'< 

Captain William Hamilton, above named, Craggycurridane, by Jeoffrey Blake; lV»v 

was a trustee for the (1649) officers. nanhir, by Brian Iianrahan. 

kilmacreehy parish — continued. 



Proprietors in 1 64 1. 

To whom disposed of. 


Chas. O'Connor; Patk.Comyn. 

William Hamilton. 




Andrew, son of John Comyn. 
Daniel O'Brien. 

William Hamilton; Earl 
of Ossory. 

Lord Ikerrin ; Joseph 

Donogh O'Brien ; Wm. 



Donogh Maoel O'Cahill. 

Same ; and same. 


Daniel O'Brien, as tenant of 
Dean and Chapter of Kilfenora. 

Bishop of Kilfenora. 


Pat Comyn ; Boetius Clancy ; 
Daniel O'Brien ; Solomon 

Donogh O'Brien. 


Earl of Thomond, as tenant of 
Bishop of Kilfenora. 

Earl of Thomond. 


Richard MacGillareagh. 

William Hamilton. 

Lecarrowvan agh . 

Thomas Oge O'Cahill. 

Donogh O'Brien ; Wm. 


James Clancy. 

Lord Ikerrin. 


Andrew, son of John Comyn. 

William Hamilton. 


Daniel O'Brien. 

Donogh O'Brien ; Wm 

1 Part of the townland of Cloghaundine 
helonged, in 1641, to the hospital, situate at 
Kilcarragh, near Kilfenora. See Book of 
Distributions and Forfeitures. 

In 1659. the townland of Dough was 
tenanted by Pierce Butler ; and Laghvally, 
by Patrick Comyn, and his son Patrick. 

About the year. 171 2 the Earf of Thomond 
made a letting of Liscannor, >vc., to Wm. 
Fitzgerald, at the annual rent of /14. He 

is now represented by Sir Augustine Fitz- 
Gerald, Bart., of Carrigoran. 

From the Subsidy Rolls of 1664. it appears 
that Viscount Ikerrin occupied the several 
denominations alloted to him in this parish. 
The other occupiers were :— Ardnabea, 
Francis Casey; Ballyheean, Jeoffrey Mc- 
Sweeney ; Ballyvrislaun, Owney Brien; 
Ballylaan, Edward Fitzgerald ; Laghvally, 
Patrick Comyn. 





Proprietors in 1 64 1. 

To whom disposed of. 


Patrick O'Connor. 

Lord Ikerrin. 


Donogh O'Brien. 



Earl of Thomond. 

Earl of Thomond. 




Clooncoul. 1 

Donogh O'Brien. 

Lord Ikerrin. 


Earl of Thomond. 

Earl of Thomond. 





Donogh O'Brien. 

Lord Ikerrin. 


Earl of Thomond. 

Earl of Thomond. 


Mich!., son of Teige Mac- 

Henry Ivers. 


Donogh, son of Loghlen Mac- 

Henry Ivers. 


Andrew Lysaght; Earl of 

Cornelius Lysaght. 


Daniel O'Brien. ._ . 

Lord Ikerrin ; Donogh 


Earl of Thomond. 

Earl of Thomond. 










1 In 1659. the tenants occupying some of 
the townlands of this parish were as follows : 
— Cloncoul, Thomas Magrath ; Maghera, 
George Norton ; Ennistymon, Edward Fitz- 
gerald ; Ballingaddy, Thomas and Donogh 
MacGrath; Lehinch, Teige MacCarthy, and 
his son Charles. 

Several of the townlands of the parish of 

Kilmanaheen have been omitted in the list 
given in the Book of Distributions and 

About the year 1 712, the Earl of Thomond 
made a lease for ever of Ennistymon to 
Christopher O'lirien, at the yearly rent 
of £45- 





Proprietors in 164 1. 

To whom disposed of. 


Honora Wingfield ; 


Lord Powerscourt ; 
Donogh O'Brien; 
Lord Clare; (F. Bur^ 


Same ; and Same. 

Lord Powerscourt ; Sir 
Henry Lynch. 

Eallymacravan. 1 

Donogh O'Brien. 

Earl of Inchiquin. 


Turlogh O'Brien. 

Lord Powerscourt ; 
Ralph Wilson. 



Earl of Inchiquin. 


Turlogh, son of Donogh O'Brien. 

Conor, son of Donogh 
O'Brien ; Earl of 


Honora Wingfield ; 


Carbery Egan, and 


Turlogh O'Brien. 

Locd Clare ; (after- 
wards Francis Burton 
and others). 


H. Wingfield; Dermot O'Brien; 
Boetius Clancy of Knockfinn ; 
Boetius Clancy of Creggy- 
curridan,Esq.; DermotClancy; 
MacLaughen O'Hanraghan. 

Richard Shee ; Earl 
of Inchiquin ; Lord 
Clare ; Brian Han- 


Honora Wingfield. 

Lord Powerscourt. 

'According to the Subsidy Rolls of 1664, 
certain townlands of this parish were occu- 
pied as follows : — Ballymacravan, by Conor 
O'Brien ; Cahercoosaun, by Charles O'Con- 
nor ; Ballyalla, by Nicholas Lynch ; 
Derreen, by Murtagh McCae ; Carrowduff, 

by Richd. Hanrahan ; Ballytarsna, by 
Edmund Hussey ; Carrowmannagh, by 
Daniel O'Tyne ; Lisduff, by Murtagh Own- 
light ; Gortnaboul, by Egan MacEgan, and 
Forsoon, by Mahone O'Dea. 


KILSHANNY parish — continued. 


| Proprietors in 1641. 

To whom disposed of. 


Dermot O'Brien ; Boetius 
Clancy of Creggycurridan, 
Esq. ; Toomultagh O'Tayne ; 
Dermot O'Hanraghan. 

Earl of Inchiquin ; ] 
Lord Clare; Richard 
Shea. j 


Honora Wingfield ; Dermot 

Lord Ikerrin ; Lord 


Honora Wingfield. 

Carbery Egan, and 



Lord Povverscourt. 


Dermot O'Brien. 

Lord Clare ; (afterwards 
F. Burton and others). 


Honora Wingfield, 

Lord Povverscourt. 


Turlogh O'Brien. 

Carbery Egan, and 

Lord Ikerrin. 


Turlogh and Dermot O'Brien ; 
Honora Wingfield. 

Earl of Inchiquin ; 
Lord Povverscourt ; 
Lord Clare. 


Honora Wingfield. 

Lord Povverscourt. 




Dermot O'Dea. 

No name given. 


Conor, son of Donogh O'Brien; 
Jas. Neylan. 

Donogh O'Brien ; Sir 
Henry Lynch. 


Brian O'Brien; Donogh O'Dea. 

Sir Henry Lynch ; 
Earl of Inchiquin. 


dysert parish — continued. 


Proprietors in 1641. 

To whom disposed of. 


Ogan O'Hogan; Flann 

Earl of Inchiquin. 

Ballyculli nanmore. 

VVilHara Neylan. 

William Neylan. 



Dermot, son of Denis ; Conor, 
son of Edmund ; Teige, son 
Daniel ; and Conor, son of 
Loghlen (O'Dea). 

Walter Spring. 


Conor O'Dea. 

JohnO'Dea; (afterwards 
Bishop of Killaloe). 


Conor, son of Donogh O'Brien. 

Donogh O'Brien. 


Conor, son of Edmund; 
Dermot, son of Denis; Conor, 
son of Loghlen ; Conor 
Crone ; and Teige O'Dea. 

No name given. 


Dominick Fanning. 

Earl of Inchiquin. 


Flann O'Neylan ; Mahone 
O'Brien ; Ogan O'Hogan. 



Murtagh O'Brien ; Mahone 


Carhoo, Clonmore, 
and Cuttenbeg. 1 

Dermot O'Dea ; Loghlen 

No name given. 

1 In Bishop Worth's account of Killaloe 
Diocese in 1662, he mentions, that the 
castle and lands of Dysert, having been 
withheld from the See, by Teige O'Griffaand 
Wm. Carrig, he had an order authorizing 
the High Sheriff, accompanied by George 
Purdon, Esq., to put him into possession. 
But the castle being forcibly occupied by 
Capt. Wm. Neylan, the Sheriff had to force 
him to leave, and then the place was handed 

over to Lieut. Col. Lucas as agent of the 
bishop. Neylan justified his retention of the 
castle on the ground that his father, Bishop 
Neylan of Kildare, was assignee of one 
James Gould of Ennis, the guardian of Conor 
Liath, Conor Duff, and Donal Maoel O'Dea, 
sons of Dermot O'Dea, the original owner of 
Dvsert and all the land around. (See 
Diocese of Killaloe by Canon Dwyer, page 


DYSERT parish — continued. 


Proprietors in 1641. 

To whom disposed of. 

Cutter) more, Car- 
ro w-igorman, 
Cruit, Rathar- 

Cloontohil, and 







Perry drumbuige. 

William Neylan. 

William Neylan. 

Conor, son of Donogh O'Brien; 
Daniel, son of John O'Dea. 

Hibt (sic), O'Kearney; William 

Daniel O'Dea ; Dominick 
Fanning ; Dermot O'Brien; 
Conor, son of Donogh O'Brien 

Dominick Fanning ; Mahone 
O'Brien ; Dermot O'Brien. 

Conor, son of Donogh O'Brien. 

Loghlen O'Dea; William Ney- 

Conor ; Teige, and Conor, 
sons of Loghlen O'Dea; Der- 
mot Neylan; Mahone, son 
of Loghlen O'Dea ; Pat 
Hogan ; Danl. Oge O'Huire. 

Mahone;Brian, son of Donogh 
and Graine O'Brien. 

Conor O'Brien, son of Donogh; 
Daniel, son of Jofih"' O'Dea. 

William Neylan ; Ed- 
mund O'Hehir. 

William Neylan. 

Earl of Inchiquin; John 

Earl of Inchiquin ; John 
Dury ; William Ney- 1 

Earl of Inchiquin. 


Donogh O'Brien. 

John O'Dea ; William 
Hennessy ; William 

Earl of Inchiquin. 


Earl of Inchiquin 
Edmund O'Hehir 
Michael O'Dea. 



DYSERT parish — continued. 


Proprietors in 1641. 




Kilkie and Lis- 

Flann O'Neylan ; Rory, Der- 
mot, and Teige MacDonagh • 
Owen McGillavyle ; Maoel- 
rona O'Gripha ; Teige Roe 
O'Gripha; James O'Meighan. 

William Neylan. 

Dermot, and Loghlen O'Dea. 

Boetius and Daniel Clancy ; 
Daniel O'Dilline. 

Patrick O'Hogan. 

Conor, son of Maoelin Mac 
Brody. 1 

To whom disposed of. 

Samuel Burton ; Earl of 
I nchiquin; Lord 
Clare ; (afterwards 
Francis Burton and 

William Neylan. 

Bishop of Killaloe ; 
(Tenant in 1660, John 

Turlogh MacMahon. 

Bishop of Killaloe ; 
(his tenants were Tur- 
logh O'Hyne, Mur- 
tagh O'Hogan, and 
Michael O'Dea.) 

Earl of Inchiquin. 

'This is the Conor MacMaoelin MacBrody 
whose autograph " approbation " is prefixed 
to the Annals of the Four Masters as a proof 
of their trustworthiness. 

In 1659, certain of the townlands of this 
parish were occupied by the following 
tenants : — Drumcurreen, by John Comyn, 
and Brian Hennessy ; Killeenan, by Flann 
O'Kerin ; Ballygritfy, by Garrett Prender- 
gast (a transplanted Papist) ; Ballybrody, 
by Edmond FitzGerald ; Aughnm, by 
Colonel Charles Ilennessy, and Toonagh 
by Mahone O'Brien. 

In 1664, the following townlands were 
tenanted by the undernamed : — Ahasla, 
Wm. Ilennessy ; Ballykeeruke, Loghlen 
Grady ; Ballyteernan, Teige O'Kerin; Bally- 
duff, Carbery Egan ; Bullycullinan, Edmond 
Qualey ; Carruwbri.>t, Sir Edmond Fitz 
Gerald; Cloonaghy, Maurice Conncll ; Derry- 

bleane, Egan MacEgan ; Druminina, Mrs. 
Young, a purchaser ; Erinagh, Mahone 
O'Grirfia ; Gurtcurka, Garrett Purcell : Kil- 
currish, Garret Prendergast ; Kilkee, Maoe- 
lin MacBrody ; Lisheencreevy, Loghlen 
Maclnerny ; Mollaneene, Hugh Mac! eige ; 
Lettermoylan, Win. Hobson ; Ska^h-Mc 
Encroe, Teige McCarthy; Toonagh, Munune 

When the Commissioners sat at Loughrea 
the Earl of Inchiquin was out of favour, and 
his estates were set out to various trans- 
planted persons ; but when Charles the 
Second was restored, he got from the Lord 
President of Mun.ster an order, by virtue of 
the Act of Explanation, directing the Sheriff 
of Clare to put him in posses.-ion of all his 
estates, as he had enjoyed them before. 
Several of the above were transplanted per- 



dysert parish — continued. 


Proprietors in 1 64 1. 

To whom disposed of. 


John MacBrody. 

Earl of Inchiquin. 


Edmond, son of Hugh 
O'Hogan ; Patrick O'Hogan; 
Loghlen O'Dea. 

Murtagh Hogan. 


William O'Neylan. 

William Neylan. 


Lord Inchiquin. 

Earl of Inchiquin. 


William O'Neylan ; Mahone 

Earl of Inchiquin ; 
William Neylan. 


Teige na Sorgee; Mahone Mac 
Moighe Moyle O'Brien. 

Earl of Inchiquin ; 
Robert Rochiord. 

Trinagh, otherwise 
• Drumminclare. 

Patrick O'Hogan. 

Earl of Inchiquin. 





Edmond O'Huire ; Mahone, 
Owen, Hugh, and Auley 
O'Huire ; Edmond, son of 
Hugh O'Hogan ; James Mac 

William Neylan. 

Dermot O'Brien; Edmond, son 
of Hugh O'Hogan ; Daniel 
MacDaragh ; Daniel Mac 
Mahone ; Philip MacEnor- 
moyle ; Charles O'Connor. 

William O'Neylan ; Patrick 

Earl of Inchiquin. 

Maurice Connell. 

Earl of Inchiquin 
Lord Clare. 

Honora Hogan ; Win. 
Neylan; Pierce White. 


INAGH parish — continued. 


Proprietors in 1641. 

To whom disposed of. 

Cioonanaha. 1 

Teige Oge ; Dermot ; Dermot 
Duff; Murrogh ; and Conor 
O'Dea ; Brian MacBrody ; 
Boetius Brody; Teige O'Brien; 
Conor Macdara MacBrody. 

Earl of Inchiqui n ; 
(afterwards F. Burton 
and others.) 


Cahal ; Conor ; Teige ; Ma- 
hone ; James ; Dermot ; 
Donogh ; (McEnchroe) ; Ma- 
hone O'Dea ; Brian O'Brien; 
Daniel, and Dermot O'Brien ; 
Cahal O'Neylan. 

Earl of Inchiquin; Lord 
Clare; Donogh 


Teige, son of Conor; and Tames 
McEnchroe ; Brian O'Brian. 

Earl of Inchiquin. 


Daniel, and Teige O'Huire ; 
Murtagh O'Brien; Pat 

Maurice Connell ; Earl 
of Inchiquin. 


Edmond, son of Hugh O'Hogan 

Earl of Inchiquin. 


Dermot O'Brien. 

Lord Clare. 


Patrick O'Hogan. 

Earl of Inchiquin. 

Formoyle, upper 
and lower. 

Daniel; Conor, son of Maoelin; 
Conor MacDara; Daniel, son 
of Daniel ; John, son of Ber- 
nard ; Luke ; James Oge ; 
Daniel, son of Teige (Mac 
Brody); Auley O'Hehir. 



Conor, and John O'Dea; Owen; 
Hugh ; Mahone ; and Auley 
O'Huire ; Dermot O'Brien. 


*In 1659, the tenants of the following town- 
lands were : — Cioonanaha, Teige McCarthy, 
gent. ; Formoyle, Chas. M'Carthy, gent.; 
Ballyea, Daniel Sullivan, gent ; and Cloon- 

shingaun, Maurice and Geoffrey O'Connell. 
Several townland-; of this parish have been 
omitted in the above list. 


inagh parish — continued. 


Proprietors in 1641. 

To whom disposed of. 


No name given. 

Bishop of Killaloe. 


Daniel O'Dea. 

Earl of Inchiquin. 


Teige, son of John ; Donogh ; 
MahoneRoe; Daniel; Melagh- 
lin, son of Donogh Oge; Der- 
mot, son of Teige (MacEn- 
chroe); Conor, son of Donogh 

Maurice Connell ; Earl 
of Inchiquin. 


Mahone Oge ; James ; Conor ; 
Teige j John ; Cahal ; Conor ; 
Hugh ; Loghlen ; Mahone ; 
John, and Hugh, sons of 
Mahone ; (MacEnchroe). 

Earl of Inchiquin. 



Earl of Thomond. 

Earl of Thomond. 

Aughrim, (Each- 
druim, Horse hill) 

James Darcy, Esq. 

Earl of Thomond. 


Lord Inchiquin. 

Earl of Inchiquin. 


James Darcy, Esq. 

Conly, and Rose 
Geoghegan; Earl 
of Inchiquin. 



William Lysaght ; Earl 
of Inchiquin. 


Teige, son of Conor O'Brien ; 
John, son of Donogh O'Hehir. 

Martin Darcy ; Lord 
Clare ; (afterwards F. 


Richard, son of Ed 
Hogan ; Daniel 

m n d 

Earl of Inchiquin. 


kilkeedy parish — continued. 


Proprietors in 1641. 

To whom disposed of. 


Teige O'Brien, Esq., 
Conor O'Brien. 

son of 

Lord Clare. 


Richard, son of Edmond Hogan 
James Darcy, Esq. 

John D u r y • John 

Earl of Inchiquin. 


Earl of Thomond. 

Earl of Thomond. 

Carrowcraheen. 1 

Lord Inchiquin. 

Earl of Inchiquin. 


Earl of Thomond ; 
Darcy, Esq. 


Earl of Thomond; Earl 
of Inchiquin. 


Lord Inchiquin. 

Earl of Inchiquin. 


James Darcy, Esq. 





alias Loghbrina, 







Richard Hogan ; Conor, son 
of Donogh O'Brien. 



Lord Inchiquin. 



James Darcy. 


' In 1659, some of the townlands of this 
parish were occupied, as tenants, by the 
following persons: — Carrowcraheen, by Wm. 
1'ower ; Derryowen, by Thcobokl butler ; 
Templebannagh, by Richard Butler ; Shan- 
duff, by John Power, and Francis Foster ; 
Cloonsilherney, by James and Stephen 

Lynch ; Aughrim, by Dermot O'Brien; and 
Attyslaney, by Garrett Nugent. 

About the year 17 12, the Karl of Thomond 
made a lease, for ever, of Turkenagh. to 
Edward Wilson at the yearly lent of £9. 

In 1664, certain townlands in Kilkeedy 
were occupied as tenants by the undernamed 


KILKEEDY parish — continued. 


Proprietors in 1641. 

To whom disposed of. 


James Darcy. 

Earl of Inchiquin. 


Lord Inchiquin. 



James Darcy. 









Conor, son of Donogh ; and 
Turlogh, son of Teige Barnagh 

John Dury ; Donogh 


Earl of Thomond. 

Earl of Thomond. 


James Darcy. 

Earl of Inchiquin, 


James Darcy ; Richard, son of 
Edmond Hcgan. 






James Darcy, Esq. 


Richard,sonofEdmondHogan; John Dury; Donogh 

Earl of Inchiquin. 


Conor, son of Conor, son of ' 
Mahone, son of Brian Roe, 
son of Donogh O'Brien. 

O'Hehirs, viz.: — Loghlen Oge, 
son of Edmond ; John ; Me- 
laghlin ; Edmond Reagh ; 
Donogh ; and Loghlen, son 
of Hu°h. 


Darby Ryan 


persons: — Addergocle. Teige O'Brien; Bally- 
glass, Pierce Lynch; Bouleevin, Ensign Vines: 
O-lleen, John Cooper; Ballyeighter. Mana^h 
(irady; Carrownagoul, John Emerson; 
Derreenatlaghtan, Dominick Darcy ; Coole- 

rine, Richard Kelly; Magheranraheen, 
Thomas Fit/Maurice; Cross, Henry Lynch; 
Loughbannagh, Owen O'llynes; Trean- 
managh, Benjamin Lucas ; Turkenagh, 
Edward Barry. 


KILKEEDY parish — continued. 


Proprietors in 1641. 

To whom disposed of. 


Richard Hogan ; Conor, son 
of Donogh O'Brien. 

Lord Clare. 


James Darcy, Esq. 

Earl of Inchiquin. 


No name given. 



Lord Inchiquin. 


Shan bally sallagh. 

Earl of Thomond. 

Earl of Thomond. 


James Darcy. 

Earl of Inchiquin. 


Lord Inchiquin. 



James Darcy. 



Lord Inchiquin ; Conor, son 
of Donogh O'Brien. 

Earl of Inchiquin ; 
Donogh O'Brien. 


Earl of Thomond. 

Earl of Thomond. 



No name given. 

Earl of Inchiquin. 

Bally casheen. 

Lord Inchiquin. 



Conor, son of Donogh O'Brien. 

Benjamin Lucas. 


Lord Inchiquin. 

Earl of Inchiquin. 




Caherblonick. 1 



'In the year 1650, the occupying tenants Loghlen Oge O'llehir; Baunkyle, Miirrogh 

of some of the townlands in this parish were Ferris ; Magheracarney, John Emerson. 
as follows:— Caherblonick, Simon Daniel; In 1664, other townlands were tenanted 

Cahermacon, Drummoher, and Caherfadda, by the undernamed : — Cahermacateer, Gar- 


killinaboy parish — continued. 



Cahermoyle, alias 





Coad, and Cloony- 



Proprietors in 1641. 

Maoelin Oge O'Hehir. 

Conor, son of Donogh ; Mur- 
tagh Garv ; and Murtagh, son 
of Dermot O'Brien. 

Conor.son of Donogh O'Brien. 


Lord Inchiquin. 

Turlogh Reagh, son of Mur- 
rogh O'Brien. 

Lord Inchiquin ; Conor, son 
of Donogh ; and Daniel, son 
of Teige Liath O'Brien. 

Conor, son of Cahir O'Flana- 
gan ; Murtagh Garv O'Brien ; 
Lord Inchiquin. 

Conor, son of Cahir O'Flana- 
gan ; Dermot Oge O'Neylan. 

No name given. 

Conor, son of Cahir O'Flana- 
gan ; Daniel, son of Dermot 
O'Brien, Esq. 

To whom disposed of. 

Earl of Inchiquin. ; 

Donogh O'Brien ; Ear 
of Inchiquin. 

Donogh O'Brien. 


Earl of Inchiquin. 


Hugh O'Hehir; Earl 
of Inchiquin; Donogh 

John Dury ; Earl of 

Earl of Inchiquin. 

Robert Dixon. 

Mary Hughes ; Earl of 

rett FitzManrice ; Caherbannagh, Owen 
O'Hehir; Cahernahallia, Loghlen O'Hehir; 
Crossard, Pat Davoren ; Drummoher, 
Mahone Considine ; Coad, Brian McFelim; 
Cutteen, Dermot Neylan ; Fanmore, James 
McEnchroe; Killinaboy, Wm. Carthy ; 
Laghtagoona, David Meagh ; Kilvoydane, 
Wm. Russell. 

The amount of the subsidy money charged 
upon the town of Corohn, was £$. 

The Loughrea Commissioners had as- 
signed the estates of the Earl of Inchiquin 
to various transplanted persons ; amongst 
others, Caherblonick and Eanmore, to 
Edward Spring, Esq., Teige and Donogli 
McEncroe,and Catherine Gorman; Maghera- 
carney to Aney O'Dea, Darby O'Connor, 
and Murragh Ferris. Colonel Ben. Lucas 
purchased the claims of several of these 
Transplanted Papists- 


48 1 

killinaboy parish — continued. 


Proprietors in 1 64 1. 

To whom disposed of. 







Killinaboy, and 







Murtagh, son of Donogh Duff; 
and Ma hone, son of Donogh 

Lord Inchiquin. 


Richard, son of Edmond 
O'Hogan ; Conor Liath, son 
of Daniel; Brian,son of Teige 
Brian, son of Murtagh 
Murtagh, son of Conor More 
Donogh-an-Dovea O'Brien 
Dermot Oge O'Neylan ; Ma- 
hone, son of Daniel Mac- 

Lord Inchiquin. 


Lord Inchiquin ; Teige Oge 
O'Neylan; Bishop of Killaloe. 

Esq. ; Michael, son of Philip 

Lord Inchiquin. 


Conor, son of Donogh O'Brien. 

Lord Inchiquin. 

Lord Inchiquin ; Brian and 
Loghlen Oge O'Hehir. 

Earl of Inchiquin. 



Nathaniel Lucas ; Earl 
of Inchiquin; (Francis 
Burton and others 

Earl of Inchiquin. 

Same, and Lord Clare. 

Earl of Inchiquin ; 
Bishop of Killaloe. 

Earl of Inchiquin. 

Earl of Inchiquin; Lord 

Earl of Inchiquin. 

Donogh O'Brien. 

Earl of Inchiquin. 



killinaboy parish — continued. 


Proprietors in 1641. 

To whom disposed of. 


Lord Inchiquin. 

Earl of Inchiquin. 





Dpnogh, son of Turlogh 
O'Brien, Esq. 



Shane, son of Daniel O'Quin. 

John Dury. 


Edmond,sonof HughO'Hogan; 
William,son of Shane O'Daly; 
Donogh, son of Turlogh 
O'Brien ; and Dexters, as 
follows : — Daniel Reagh, son 
of Daniel; Cola, son of Ulick; 
Thomas, Stephen, Meyler, 
and Walter, sons of Hobert ; 
and Shane Oge (Dexter). 

Earl of Inchiquin 
Nathaniel Lucas. 


Ballyneillan. 1 

Flan O'Neylan; Donogh 

John Clancy; William 

O'Brien ; Conor O'Brien of 

Neylan ; Murrogh 


O'Hehir; Honora 
Hogan ; (afterwards 
Thos. Hickman ; Earl 


of Inchiquin). 


Donogh O'Brien of Ballyne- 
baney ; Conor O'Brien of 
Leamaneh ; Conor Crive 
O'Brien of Tobbermaly. 

John Dury. 


Andrew O'Grifha. 

Earl of Thomond. 


Bishop of Killaloe. 

Bishop of Killaloe; (his 
tenant was James 

' In 1659 and 1664. the tenants in occu- 
pation of certain of the townlands in this 
parish were the subjoined ; — Craggiuskc, 

Michael O'Dea; Shallee. Simon Rotham, 
a purchaser; Ballyasheea, William Hennessy 
and his son Philip ; Kilnamona, Patrick 


KILNAMONA parish — continued. 


Proprietors in 164I. 

To whom disposed of. 


Flan O'Neylan. 

Same ; (his tenants were 
Catherine Clancy and 
Walter Davis). 


Bishop of Killaloe. 






Dominick Fanning ; Donogh 
O'Brien of Ballynabinnia. 

William Neylan ; Earl 
of Inchiquin. 


Conor ; Mahone, son of Mur- 
rogh ; and Teige McCarrig 

Earl of Inchiquin. 


Flan O'Neylan. 



Patrick Hogan. 

Honora Hogan. 


Bishop of Killaloe. 

Bishop of Killaloe. 


Domnick Fanning ; Mahone, 
son of Murrogh O'Brien ; 
Conor O'Brien of Lemnagh- 

William Neylan ; Ben- 
jamin Lucas ; (after- 
wards Thomas 


Conor O'Brien of Leamaneh. 

William Neylan. 


Dom. Fanning ; Mahone, son 
of Murrogh O'Brien, and 
Conor O'Brien of Leamaneh, 
in equal parts. 

Earl of Inchiquin; Brian 


Patrick Hogan. 

Honora Hogan. 


Lord Inchiquin. 

Earl of Thomond. 

Hogan ; Leckaun, Manas O'Cahane ; Bally- Tiege Carthy ; Ballyknock, James Butler 
neillan, Thos. Hickman ; Magowna, William and Rushaun, Thos. Spratt. 
and James M'Namara ; Ballymongaun, 




Proprietors in 164 1. 

To whom disposed of. 

Killbeg, (Apple- 
vale), 1 

Murtagh Garv O'Brien. 

Earl of Inchiquin. 


Donald, son of Dermot ; Don- 
ogh, son of Turlogh O'Brien. 

John Dury ; Richard 
Butler; Earl of Inchi- 
quin ; Lord Clare : 
Sir William King ; 
Hollow Blades Com- 


Name not given. 

Darby Ryan ; Earl of 
Inchiquin; LordClare. 


Daniel, son of Dermot O'Brien, 

Earl of Inchiquin. 


Donogh, son of Turlogb 
O'Brien, Esq.; Murtagh Garv 
O'Brien ; Hugh, son of Ed- 
mund O'Hogan ; Hugh, son 
of Teige, son of Loghlen 

Earl of Inchiquin ; 
Hollow Blades Com- 


Daniel, son of Dermot, and 
Donogh, son of Turlogh 
O'Brien, Esqrs. 

Dame Lucy <Sc Richard 
FitzMaurice ; (after- 
wards in i684)Thady 
Quin, Esq. of Adare, 
by grant from Com- 
mission of Grace. 

Craggyvrin (Rox- 

Murtagh Garv O'Brien. 

Earl of Inchiquin. 


Edmond,son of Hugh O'Hogan. 

Richard Martin. 



Earl of Inchiquin. 

'In the year 1659, certain of the townlands 
of Rath parish were occupied as tenants, by 
the undernamed, viz. : — Moanreel, by Gar- 
rett Barry, and Turlogh M'Owen of Garranse; 

Drinagh, by Redmond Walters ; Moyhill, 
by Hugh O'Hogan ; Cregmoher, by Donogh 
O'Brien, gent ; Bohersallagh, by Hugh and 
James M'Encroe ; Teermacbran, by Garrett 


rath parish — continued. 


Proprietors in 1641. 

To whom disposed of. 

Cossatrioma, (Clif- 


and Poulgriffee. 

Cragganna, alias 







Hugh, son of Edmond O'Ho- 
gan, Esq. ; Hugh, son of 
Teige, son of Loghlen O'Ho- 
gan; Hugh, son of Teige, son 
of Hugh O'Hogan. 

Hugh, son of Edmond 

O'Hogan, Esq. 
Hugh, son of Edmund 

O'Hogan, Esq. ; Bryan, son 

of Murtagh O'Brien. 

See of Killaloe. 

Edmond, son of Hugh O'Hogan 

Murtagh Garv O'Brien ; Mur- 
rogh, son of Dermot O'Brien. 

Dermot, son of Teige O'Brien, 

Hugh, son of Edmund 
O'Hogan, Esq. 

Hugh O'Hogan. 

Roger, son of David Shaugh- 

Murrogh, son of Dermot 

Earl of Inchiquin. 


Richard Martin; Bishop 
of Killaloe. 

Bishop. of Killaloe. 

Richard Martin ; Hon- 
ora Hogan. 

Earl of Inchiquin. 

Lord Clare. 

Walter Spring; Richard 

Earl of Inchiquin. 


FitzMaurice, Esq. ; and Rath, by John 

When the subsidy tax was levied in 1664, 
the tenants of the lands of the parish of 
Rath, upon whom it was charged, were the 
following : — Moanreel, Edmond Power ; 
Drinagh, Maurice Connell ; Loughnagown, 
Donogh Kennedy ; Carrowderry Temple, 

(Craggaunboy), Garrett FitzMaurice 
Carrowcoolrannagh, Thos. FitzMauric 
Kilhaska, Andrew Rice and Carhery Egan 
Moyhill, James Grady ; Scool, Pat Hogan; 
Cragnurane, Donogh Quin ; Bohersallagh, 
Stephen Sarsfield; Carrowvere, Turlogh 
Ferris; Cahercorcraun, Hugh Crowe; Car- 
gouline, Stephen Considine; Carrownacrossy, 

4 86 


RATH parish — continued. 


Proprietors in 1641. 

To whom disposed of. 


Donogh, son of Turlogh 
O'Brien, Esq. ; Hugh, son 
of Edmond O'Hogan, Esq. 

No name given. 

Earl of Inchiquin ; 
Hollow Blades. 

Earl of Inchiquin. 


Dermot, son of Teige O'Brien. 

Lord Clare. 





Litter, alias Drom- 
noone, or Gurt- 
nanaffe, or Call- 

Edmund, son of Hugh O'Hogan. 

Murtagh Garv O'Brien ; Hugh, 
son of Teige, son of Hugh 

Thomas Gorman ; Wal- 
ter Spring. 

Hollow Blades Com- 
pany ; Earl of Inchi- 


Murrogh, son of Dermot 

Earl of Inchiquin. 


Edmund, son of Hugh Hogan. 
Dermot, son of Teige O'Brien, 

Richard Martin ; 
Honora Hogan. 

Lord Clare. 


Bishop of Killaloe ; Edmond, 
son of Hugh Hogan. 

Bishop of Killaloe. 

Scool, (a precipice). 

Edmond, son of Hugh O'Hogan. 

Walter Spring. 


See of Killaloe. 

Bishop of Killaloe. 


Hugh, son of Turlogh O'Brien. 

Earl of Inchiquin. 


Daniel, son of Dermot O'Brien. 


Maurice Connell ; Toulbnun, John Hogan ; were transplanted papists to whom were 

Kilkeedy, Charles Egan ; Liscullaun. James assigned portions of the estates of the Earl 

Griffia ; Cregmoher, Donogh O'Brien ; of Inchiquin, but who were subsequently 

Killeen, Pierce Comyn. Most of these forced to relinquish them to that nobleman. 




Proprietors in 1 64 1. 

To whom disposed of. 

Addroon. 1 







Ballyteige west. 

Ballyteige east. 





Teige O'Brien. 
Murtagh O'Griffia. 

Lord Inchiquin; Teige 
O'Brien; Mahone McEncroe; 
Connell O'Kerin; Teige Mc- 

Dermot O'Brien. 

Teige,son of Murrogh O'Brien; 
Donogh O'Dea. 

Dermot O'Brien ; Daniel Mc- 
Sweeney ; Lord Inchiquin. 

Patrick Burnell ; Murtagh 

Dermot Oge, and Edmond 
O'Dea ; James Burnell. 

Murtagh O'Hehir; Pat Bur- 
nell ; Owen MacConsidine ; 
Thomas O'Geine. 

Dermot O'Hehir ; Teige 

Patrick Hogan ; John, son of 
Mahone MacConsidine. 

Lord Inchiquin; Danl. O'Hehir. 

Lord Inchiquin. 

Lord Inchiquin; Donogh Mac- 

Lord Clare. 
Earl of Inchiquin. 

Lord Clare. 


Earl of Inchiquin. 




Same ; and Earl of 

Earl of Inchiquin. 



1 In the year 165Q, the undernamed tenants Dermot O'Kerin, Oankeagh ; Sir Valentine 
occupied the subjoined townlands in this Brown, Bart., and Thos. Curd, Esq., Port- 
parish :— Loghlen' M'Inerney, Rathcahaun ; lecka ; Murtagh O'Griffia, Attinagh ; John 


ruan parish — continued. 


Proprietors in 1641. 

To whom disposed ot 


Lord Inchiquin. 

Earl of Inchiquin. 


Murtagh O'Griffia. 



Murtagh 0'Hehir,and Edmond, 
his grandchild. 



Teige O'Brien of Dromore. 

Lord Clare. 


Daniel, Teige, & John O'Hehir. 

Earl of Inchiquin. 


Teige O'Brien of Dromore. 

Lord Clare. 


Lord Inchiquin. 

Earl of Inchiquin. 


Patrick Burnell. 



Lord Inchiquin; Dermot 

Lord Clare. 


No name given. 

Henry Ivers. 


Donogh, son of Teige: and 
Murtagh, son of Turlagh 

Earl of Inchiquin. 


Dermot O'Brien. 

Lord Clare. 


Teige O'Brien of Dromore. 



Rory O'Dea. 



Lord Inchiquin. 

Earl of Inchiquin. 


Murtagh O'Griffia. 


Walsh, Cahervicknea ; John O'Sheaghane, in the Subsidy Rolls as occupying certain 

Ballyoganbeg ; John FitzGerald, Ranaghan ; townlands in Ruan : — Bealnalicka, James 

Gerald and John Barry, Ballyteige West. Leo; Ballymacrogan, Dermot O'Kerin ; 

In 1664, the following tenants are given Cooga, PatHogan; Cloonalaughan, Murtagh 


RUAN parish — cotitinued. 


Proprietors in 1 641. 

To whom disposed of. 


Owen MacConsidine. 

Earl of Inchiquin. 


Daniel MacConsidine ; Daniel 
O'Brien; John,son of Mahone 

Robert Dixon ; Henry 
Ivers ; Earl of Inchi- 


Lord Inchiquin. 

Earl of Inchiquin. 


Dermot O'Brien. 

Lord Clare, 


Murtagh O'Griffia. 

Henry Ivers; Theobald 


No name given. 

Earl of Inchiquin 


Connell, Teige, and Daniel 
O'Hehir ; Murt. O'Griffia. 


Nooan, (caves). 

Teige O'Brien of Dromore. 

Lord Clare. 


Lord Inchiquin; Connell 
O'Kerin ; Owen O'Griffia ; 
Mahone Oge McEncroe; 
Dermot O'Brien. 

Earl of Inhiquin ; Lord 


Lord Inchiquin; Donogh Mac- 

bald Butler. 


Patrick Burnell. 

Earl of Inchiquin. 


Eirl of Thomond. 

Earl of Thomond. 


Boetius Brody. 

Earl of Inchiquin. 


Lord Inchiquin. 


O'Griffia; Drumeavan, John Adie; Teernaha, John Walsh ; Teernea, Edmond O'Hehir ; 

Flan Neylan ; Nooan, Thomas McGrath ; Ranaghan, John Tobin ; Rathvirgin, Dermut 

Killeen, Teige O'Brien ; Cahergar, James O'Brien. 
Roe ; Inishlae, Donogh O'Brien ; Lissiline, 


RUAN parish — continued. 


Proprietors in 164 1. 

To whom disposed of. 


Owen MacConsidine. 

Earl of Inchiquin. 


Murtagh O'Brien. 



Roger O'Shaughnessy. 

Sir Henry Lynch ; 
Henry Ivers; Francis 


Lord Inchiquin ; Murtagh 

Ear] of Inchiquin. 


Lord Inchiquin; Murtagh 
O'Griffia; Donogh O'Dea. 

John Cusack ; Henry 
Ivers; Earl of Inchi- 


Patrick Burnell. 

John Cusack. 





In the year 1641, the whole of this parish belonged to the Earl 
of Thomond with the following exceptions : — Manusbeg was the 
property of Sir Daniel O'Brien, and the townlands of Ballybeg, Car- 
rownanelly, and Ballaghfadda appertained to the Abbey of Clare. 
Again, after the Cromwellian Settlement, the Church lands as well as 
his own were confirmed to Lord Thomond, and Manusbeg to Lord 
Clare, the grandson of Sir Daniel O'Brien. In 1659, the following 
townlands were occupied by the undernamed persons as tenants : 
Clare Abbey townland, by George Huott (or Hurte), Samuel Burton, 
John Copleman, and Francis Casey ; Ballyvarraun, by William Cuffe ; 
Knockanimana, by John Huleatt ; and Manusbeg, by Dominick 

In 1664, the undernamed townlands of the parish were tenanted 
as follows :— Manusmore, by Daniel MacNamara ; Carrownanelly, 
Buncraggy, &c, by Samuel Burton ; Killow, by John Hewlett ; Bally- 
vanavan, by Edward Cuffe ; Manusbeg, by Dominick Creagh ; 
Knockanimana and Island Magrath, by Murtagh O'Brien ; Bamtick 
and Ballaghfadda, by Thomas Hickman ; Islandevinagh, by James 

The town of Clare was rated for the Subsidies at £1 per annum. 

About the year 17 12, the Earl of Thomond demised certain lands 
in this parish to the following persons : — Clare Castle, to Robert 
Hickman, at the yearly rent of r8o; Town of Clare, Knock, and 
Lissane, to the same, at £42 ; Carrownanelly, to the executors of 
William Stamer; Islandmagrath and Buncraggy, to the executors 
of Francis Burton, at £l II ; Barntick, to Robert Hickman, at ^47 ; 
Clare Abbey, to John Vandeleur, or Thomas Spaight, at £4$ ; the 
Tolls of Clare fairs, to Robert Hickman, at £,10. 




Proprietors in 1 64 1. 

To whom disposed of. 

Ballycloghessy. 1 

Earl of Thomond. 

Earl of Thomond. 




(Bel-atha-an chom- 


Breaghva, (wolf 

Brian MacMahon. 

Edward Gough. 


Earl of Thomond. 

Earl of Thomond. 








Mahone Mac Gilla Riabadh. 

Edward Gough. 


Earl of Thomond. 

Silvester Hehir; Earl of 



Earl of Thomond. 




Dehomad, (a good 









a In 1659, the t'ownland of Cragbrien was 
occupied from Lord Thomond, as tenant by 
Tames Aylmer, Esq. ; Lisheen, by Thomas 
Hewes ; Ballycorick, by John Stockden ; 
Lanna, by Edward Barry and his sons ; 
Clooncolman, by Christopher Verdon ; and 
Gurtygeeheen, by Charles McCarthy. 

Nicholas Bourke. above mentioned, was a 
transplanted Irishman to whom Lavally and 
other denominations were assigned, in 1660, 

by the Commissioners appointed to set out 
lands to Transplanted Papists. In 1661, he 
was deprived of nearly all these lands by the 
Lord President of Munster, and they were 
bestowed upon Lord Inchiquin and Lord 
Clare. Bourke subsequently served as 
Captain in Clare's Dragoons. 

In 1664, the following occupiers of land 
in this parish were rated for the Subsk'y 
Tax : — Inishdadrom, Nicholas l'arsuns ; 

clondagad parish — continued. 



Proprietors in 1 64 1. 

To whom disposed of. 


Earl of Thomond. 

Earl of Thomond. 




(Coney Island). 




Erian MacMahon. 

Earl of Ossory ; Lady 


Earl of Thomond. 

Earl of Thomond. 

Lavally north. 

Donogh Mac Gilla Riabadh. 

Nicholas Bourke ; Ed- 
ward Gough. 

Lavally south. 

Conor Mac Gilla Riabadh of 

Nicholas Bourke; (John 


Earl of Thomond. 

Earl of Thomond. 





Ballylannidy. 1 

Mahone Clancy. 
Earl of Thomond. 

Lord Clare; (afterwards 
F. Burton, and others). 

Earl of Thomond. 

Cragbrien, Drumquin, &c, James Aylmer ; 
Lisheen, Thomas Hewett : Ballycorick, &c, 
George Ross ; Ballycloghessy, &c, Samuel 
Burton; Knockalehid, Thomas Trant. 

About the year 1712, the Earl of Tho- 
mond made leases for ever of lands, in this 
parish, to the following persons:— Cragbrien, 
to John Stacpoole, at the yearly rent of 
^70; Lisheen, to Mary Hewett, yearly 
rent £60 ; Lanna, to Pat England, yearly 
rent, ,£30 ; Ballycorick, to Charles O'Brien, 

yearly rent, £\ n O; and Furroor to John 
Stacpoole, annual rent £jO. 

1 The lands disposed of in this parish to 
Forrestal and Brigdall in 1660, were soon 
alterwards taken away from them, by order 
of the Lord President of Munster, and given 
to Lord Clare. 

In 1659, some of the townlands of this 
parish were occupied as follows : — Bally, 
lankly, by Tobias FitzGerald and Dermot 
O'Meehan; Balleane, by Waller Bourke 


drumcliff parish — continued. 


Proprietors in 1641. 

To whom disposed of. 


Bishop of Killaloe. 

Bishop of Killaloe. 


Earl of Thomond. 

Earl of Thomond. 





Bishop of Killaloe. 

Bishop of Killaloe. 


Earl of Thomond. 

Earl of Thomond. 


Mahone Clancy. 

Peter Forrestal ; Henry 
and Edward Nugent. 


Sir Daniel O'Brien ; Cormuck 

Lord Clare; (afterwards 
Francis Burton and 


Sir Daniel O'Brien. 

Lord Clare; (afterwards 
Burton and others) ; 
Thomas Hickman. 


Bishop of Killaloe. 

Bishop of Killaloe. 


Loghlen Oge ; and Mahone, 
son of Win. O'Hehir. 

Lord Clare; (afterwards 
Burton and others). 


Earl of Thomond. 

Earl of Thomond. 


Bishop of Killaloe. 

Bishop of Killaloe. 


Loghlen Oge O'Hehir. 

Samuel Burton. 

Cahercalla, by John Gore, John Watts, J. 
Andrews, and Dominick Brown ; Cragleigh, 
by Turlogh Magrath ; Coor, by John Brig- 
dall; Cragnagower, by Oliver WaBri ; 
Drumcarran, by Daniel O'Hehir and John 
Crofts; Gurtmore, by Patrick FitzGerakl ; 
Kilnacally, by Nicholas and Wm. Bourke, 
and David White ; Kili|tiane, by Edmond 
and Pierce Fjrrestal ; Knockanihaun, by 
James Butler and Nicholas Buuike ; Knock- 

drumakeddle, by Andw. Denn ; Lifford, by 
James MacXamara, Laurence Creagh, and 
Wm. Keating ; Tullassa, by Nicholas. Luke, 
and John FitzGerald ; Keelty, by D. White; 
Shanvogh, by Murtagh O'Hehir; Poulganiff. 
by Owen O Ilea ; Inch, by Wm. Bngdall 
and Murtagh McCae (O'Hehir); Kath- 
kerry, by Ulick Purcell. 

Bishop Worth, in 1663, states that all 
the See lands in this parish were let b y 

drumcliff parish — continued. 



Proprietors in 1641. 

To whom disposed of. 


Sir Daniel O'Brien ; Donogh, 
son of Loghlen O'Hehir. 

Lord Clare; Peter For- 
restal; Thomas Hick- 


Loghlen Oge O'Hehir. 

Thomas Green ; (after- 
wards Samuel Burton). 


Matw. Clancy ; Loghlen Oge ; 
Daniel, son of Murtagh, son 
of Shane ; and William, son 
of Teige O'Hehir. 

Thomas Green ; Peter 
Forrestal ; Henry and 
Edward Nugent. 


Sir Daniel O'Brien ; Auley, 
son of Aoedh, son of Loghlen 

Lord Clare; (afterwards 
Burton and others). 


Boetius Clancy. 

William Brigdall. 


Sir Daniel O'Brien ; Donogh, 
son of Loghlen O'Hehir. 

Lord Clare ; Peter For- 


Earl of Thomond. 

Earl of Thomond. 





Murtagh, son of Loghlen ; 
Conor Oge; and Melaghlin 

Peter Forrestal ; Lord 
Clare ; (afterwarc.s 
Burton and others). 


Bishop of Killaloe. 

Bishop of Killaloe. 

Bishop Mauritius McBrian Ara to one 
Neylan, Bishop of Kildare. for 99 years, at 
nine pence yearly ; but the lease was after- 
wards set aside. Dr. Worth made new 
lettings to Mr. Uobson and Rev. R. Fish, 
at £bo a year. 

The Commissioners of Grace, in 16S4, 
made a grant in free soccrige, in considera- 
tion of a fine of ,£10, to Hugh Brigdall, of 
the lands of Inch, Inchbeg, and Nooaff east. 
Part of Nooaff had been previously in the 
possession of Edmond O'Hehir, a Protestant. 

About the year I7l2,the Earl of Thomcnd 
made leases, in perpetuity, of certain lands 
in this parish, at the following yearly rents, 
viz. : — Clonroad, to Francis Gore, .£60 ; 
Lifford, and the Abbey lands of Ennis, to 
the same, £47 ; Kilnacally, to Executors of 
Henry Ward, ^1.8 ; Ballymacaula, to John 
Stacpoole, ,£5 ; Cahercallamore, Richard 
England, £,io\ Tolls of Ennis, to Francis 
Gore, ^10 ; Drumbiggil, to Francis Gore, 


DRUMCLIFF parish — Continued. 


Proprietors in 1 641. 

To whom disposed of. 

keddle, and Kil- 

Killard and Bally- 







Donogh, son of Murtagh ; and j 
Conor, son of Cormuck : 

Conor, son of Loghlen ; Danielj 
Moyle ; and Edmd. O'Hehir. j 

Donogh, son of Aoedh ; Auley j 
Oge, son of Aoedh ; Daniel, 
son of Teige Merigagh ; and 
Owen O'Hehir. 

Earl of Thomond. 

Bishop of Killaloe. 

Loghlen Oge O'Hehir. 

Mahone, son of William ; and 
Murrosjh O'Hehir. 

Dermot O'Brien, E^q. ; Conor, 
son of Gilladuff O'Hehir. 

Loghlen Oge O'Hehir. 

Sir Daniel O'Brien; Daniel, son 
of Owen ; Dermot Oge ; 
Donogh ; and Teige O'Mee- 
han ; Donogh McCay. 

Bishop of Killaloe. 

Nicholas Bourke ; (a 
Transplanted Papist). 1 


William Brigdall. 

Earl of Thomond. 

Bishop of Killaloe : 
Capt. Teige Mac 

Lord Clare; (afterwards 
F. Burton and others). 

Thomas Green ; Thos. 
Hickman; (afterwards 
F. Burton). 

Lord Clare; William 

Peter Forrestal ; Lord 
Clare ; (afterwards F. 

Lord Clare; (F. Bur- 

Bishop of Killaloe. 

1 Nicholas Bourke is supposed to have been of the family of Lords Castleconnell 
and Brittas. 


drumcliff parish — continued. 




Proprietors in 1641. 

To whom disposed of. 

Flan O'Neylan; Daniel O'Bolan, 

Mahone Clancy ; William, son 
of Teige; Teige, son of Shane; 
Dennot, son of Murtagh ; 
and Donogh Roe O'Hehir, 

Conor, and Donogh O'Brien. 

Samuel Burton. 

Peter Forrestal ; Mur- 
tagh MacMahon ; Lord 
Clare ; (afterwards F. 
Burton and others.) 

Donogh O'Brien; Thos. 
Hickman ; Nicholas 


Ballyea. 1 

Earl of Thomond. 

Earl of Thomond. 








Lord Inchiquin.. 

Earl of Inchiquin. 


Earl of Thomond. 

Earl of Thomond. 





Lord Inchiquin.. 

Earl of Inchiquin. 


Donogh, and Loghlen Mac- 
Considine; Dermot O'Brien. 

Earl of Inchiquin ; Lord 
Clare; (F. Burton and 

1 In 1659, the tenants in occupation of 
some of the townlands of this parish were 
the subjoined : Drummeen, Owen Mac- 
Considine ; Drumadrehid, Daniel and Mur- 
tagh Oge MacConsidine ; Kilmoraun, Daniel 
ConsiJine ; and Teermaclane, Stephen 

In 1664, the following tenants occupied 

parts cf this parish : Ballyea, Samuel Burton; 
Killerk, James Aylmer ; Knockmorane, 
Richard Walsh ; Cappagarraun, James 
Butler ; Knockanira, James Brooks ; Bar- 
naneageeha, Turlogh O'Brien; Darragh, 
Dermot O'llealy ; Lismulbreeda, Donogh 
M'Encarrigy ; and Kilgassy, Nicholas 

2 I 



killone parish — continued. 


Proprietors in 


To whom disposed of. 


Teige and Murrogh O'Brien. 

Lord Clare; (afterwards 
F. Burton and others). 


Earl of Thomond. 

Earl of Thomond. 


Lord Inchiquin. 

Earl of Inchiquin. 


Earl of Thomond. 

Earl of Thomond. 

Killone, (Newhall). 

Lord Inchiquin. 

Earl of Inchiquin. 


Earl of Thomond. 

Earl of Thomond. 









Daniel, son of Hugh O'Hehir. 

Nicholas Bourke. 


Edmond, son of Connell ; 
Conor Oge ; and Loghlen 

Nicholas Bourke: Lord 
Clare ; (afterwards 


Edmond Oge O'Hehir. 

Lord Clare. 


Earl of Thomond. 

Earl of Thomond. 


Teige O'Brien. 

Lord Clare. 

About the year 1712, the Earl of Thomond Stephen Woulfe, at^ioo; of Barnanea^eeh 

made lettings, by lease for ever, of Darragh to Colonel Pat Creagh ; and of Knockanira, 

north and south, to Mrs. Alice Burton, at to Hugh Mulvihill. 
the yearly rent of ^40 ; of Teermaclane, to 

kilmaley parish — continued. 


Town lands. 

Proprietors in 1 641. 

To whom disposed of. 

Ballyillaun. 1 

O'Hehirs, viz. : Conor, son of 
Gilladuff; Connell Reagh ; 
Daniel, son of Murtagh, son 
of Shane ; Conor, son of 
Murtagh ; Dermot, son of 
Murtagh ; and Edmond. 

Lord Clare. 

Beagh, & Clon- 
killeen, (Lough- 

Boetius Clancy. 

Nicholas Bourke. 


Aney ni Mahony ; and 
O'Hehirs, viz. : Loghlen Oge; 
Murtagh, son of Teige ; John, 
son of Dermot; and Daniel, 
son of Teige. 




Benjamin Lucas. 


O'Hehirs, viz. : Loghlen; Der- 
mot, son of Donogh ; Con- 
nell, son of Gilladuff; 
Loghlen ; William, son of 



Dermot Oge ; Conor ; and 
Melaghlin O'Meehan. 

Lord Massareene. 


Boetius Clancy. 

Nicholas Bourke. 


Sir Daniel O'Brien ; John 


1 In 1659, the following townlands were 
occupied by the undernamed tenants : 
Ballyvillaun, Dermot O'Meehan ; Bally- 
donohoe, John Bourke ; Culleen, Edward 
and Patrick Rice ; Drumanure, Callaghan 
O'Callaghan; Gurtaganniv, Richard Woulfe; 
Kilcolumb, Jolin Reardon. 

In 1664, Ballyvoe was occupied by 
Robert Debbridge ; Lecarrow, by Flan 
Neylan ; Kilcloher, by John Bourke ; Lis- 
biggeen, by Walter Bourke ; Gurtaganniv, 
by Richard Woulfe ; Ballyvillaun, by John 
Neylan ; and Kilcolumb, by Pat Pox. 



KILMALEY pabish — continued. 


Proprietors in 1641. 

To whom disposed of. 


Teige O'Hehir. 

Lord Clare; Benjamin 


Conor, son of GilladuffO'Hehir. 

Lord Clare. 

Carrowmoyle, and 

M'Cays, viz. : Donogh ; 
Auley Oge ; Dermot, son of 
Auley; Conor 0?e ; Daniel ; 
and Donogh M'Cay ; and 
O'Hehirs, viz. : Murtagh and 

Nicholas Bourke ; 
Edmond Gough. 


Loghlen Oge O'Hehir ; Der- 
mot Oge O'Meehan; Donogh 

Henry Ivers ; Mahone 
MacMahon ; Lord 

Carncreagh, and 

No name given. 

Murtagh MacMahon ; 
Benjamin Lucas. 


Boetius Clancy. 

Lord Massareene. 


Loghlen Oge ; and Conor, son 
of GilladuffO'Hehir. 

Lord Clare. 


Murtagh, son of Loghlen ; and 
Conor Oge O'Hehir of Kil- 

Lord Massareene. 


Sir Daniel O'Brien ; Donogh. 
son of John ; and Conor, son 
of Donogh Oge O'Hehir. 

Lord Clare. 


Sir Daniel O'Brien 

Lord Clare. 

Garry nagry. 

O'Hehirs, viz.: Daniel, son of 
Murtagh, son of John ; 
William, son of Teige ; 
Conor, son of Murtagh ; 
Donogh Roe ; and Patrick. 

Nicholas Bourke. 



kilmaley parish — continued. 

Town lands. 

Proprietors in 1641. 

To whom disposed of 

Letteragh, and Gort 


Knockatunna and 









Kilcolumb, and 

Sir Daniel O'Brien. 


O'Hehirs, viz.: Dermot; Gilla- 
duff ; Murtagh ; Mahone ; 
John ; Patrick, son of Don- 
ogh ; and Teige. 

O'Hehirs, viz. : Donogh, son 
of Hugh ; Auley, son of 
Conor, son of Aodh : Logh- 
len Oge, son of Aodh; Owen; 
Teige, son of Auley ; Conor, 
son of Donogh Oge; Donogh, 
son of Aodh ; Dermot, son of 
Auley ; and Teige of Caher- 

John Delahoyde, Esq. ; Don- 
ogh, son of John O'Hehir. 

Sir Daniel O'Brien. 

Daniel, son of Owen O'Meehan. 

Sir Daniel O'Brien ; Daniel 
O'Meehan ; Dermot O'Mee- 
han ; O'Hehirs, viz. : Conor 
Oge ;• Conor, son of Daniel ; 
Daniel, son of Teige, son of 
Loghlen ; Cormuck, son of 
Cormuck ; and Conor, son of 
Donogh O^e. 

Lord Clare. 


Nicholas Bourke. 

Nicholas Bourke; Lord 

Nicholas Bourke. 

Lord Clare; (afterwards 
F. Burton and others). 

Nicholas Bourke; Lord 

Lord Clare. 


KILMALEY PARISH — continued. 


Kinturk, and Tul- 






Rossroe, and 







Proprietors in 1641. 

O'Hehirs, viz.: William, son of 
Teige; Murrogh; Conor, son 
of Gilladufi" ; Conor and Der- 
mot, sons of Murtagh ; and 
Donagh Roe. O'Meehans, 
viz.: Conor; Donogh; Teige, 
son of Shane ; Daniel, son of 
Murtagh, son of Shane, son^ 
of Loghlen. 

Owen, son of Teige O'Hehir. 

Teige O'Brien. 

O'Hehirs, viz. : Edmond, son 
ofConnell; Conor Oge ; and 

Dermot Oge O'Meehan ; 
Loghlen Reagh, and Ellinor 

Conor, son of Donogh Oge 

Boetius Clancy ; Earl of 
Thomond : Conor Oge 

Sir Daniel O'Brien ; Conor 
O'Meehan ; Aney ny Ma- 
hony ; and O'Hehirs, viz. : 
Loghlen Oge ; Loghlen, son 
of Auley ; John, son of Der- 
mot ; Rory, son of Mahone ; 
Donogh, son of John ; 
Loghlen ; Conor Oge. 

To whom disposed of. 

Lord Clare. 

Nicholas Bourke. 

Lord Clare. 

Nicholas Bourke; Lord 
Clare; (afterwards F. 
Burton and others). 

Nicholas Bourke ; 

Thomas Green. 

Lord Clare. 

Nicholas Bourke; Lord 
Clare ; Earl of Tho- 

Nicholas Bourke ; Syl 
vester Hehir. 



In 1 64 1, the whole of the barony of Ibrickan, with the following- 
exceptions, belonged to the Earl of Thomond: 

Tromra castle was granted to the Earl of Thomond, and to 
Turlagh, son of Dermot O'Brien. Lismuse and Lisgureen, in. the 
parish of Killard, belonged in 1641 to Sir Daniel O'Brien and Hugh 
Clancy. By the Commissioners, under the Act of Settlement in 
1660, Tromra castle was given to the Earl of Thomond, Colonel 
Carey Dillon, and Robert Dixon ; and Lismuse and Lisgurreen were 
likewise bestowed on the Earl. Thus, by the Cromwellian Settle- 
ment, he became confirmed in the ownership of the whole barony. 
In 1659 and 1664, he had let certain townlands to the undernamed 
tenants :— KlLFARBOY Parish. — Kilfarboy, Maurice Hickey and 
George Norton ; Laccamorc, Michael Crea^h ; Fintra, Daniel Clancy, 
Murtagh Mahon, Murtagh Clancy, John Clancy, Teige M'Inerney, 
Daniel Clancy, and Maoelin Mulroney ; Carrowkeel, Hugh Clancy ; 
Ballyvaskin, Edmond Bourke; Poulawillin, Teige Line; and Glendine, 
Daniel Lyne. KlLLARD PARISH. — Doonmore, John MacNamara, 
James FitzGerald ; Cloonagarnaun, Pierce Moroney ; Cloonmore, 
John Bagot ; Glascloon, Mahone Kelly ; Caherlean, Maurice Roche ; 
Enagh, Walter Hickman ; Tullaher, Isaac Vanhoogarden ; Doon- 
beg, James Fox, Maurice Roche ; Doonsallagh, Egan O'Egan ; 
Shanvogh, Dermot M'Fineen ; Coor, Francis Casey ; Knockanalban, 
David Nihill ; Carrowduff, Teige Murphy. KlLMURRY PARISH. — 
Knockanalban, William Hobson ; Shanavogh, Daniel Moriarty ; 
Craggaknock, Edmond Fox ; Caherush, Nicholas Wolfe ; Knock- 
loskeraun, Teige O'Lyne ; Emlagh, Nicholas Woulfe ; Tromra, 
Samuel Burton ; Scrappul, Patrick Arthur; Rineroe, Richard White; 
Ballymackea, Patrick Pierce. 

About the year 17 12, the