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List of Subscribers 




Tke HtsUny of the Town. 

Tetborjr in the time of the Britains and Romans .1 

Castle there in British times . • .3 

Roman Coins found there • ^ 

Saxon Monastery, circa A.D. 680 . • .6 

Tetbnry, in ** Domesday ** . . i » 7 

Siege of Tetbary Castle by King Stephen .IS 

Cistercian Monastery, A J>. 1170 . • .16 
Chantry founded in Tetbnry Church by Walter de Waltres, A.D. 1363 18 

Charles L visits Tetbnry . . . « 19 

Tetbury in the Civil Wars . • 80 

Charles II. and James IL visit the Town . .21 

Rules and Bye-laws for prevention of the plague, 1666 .21 

Severe visitation of Small-pox . .25 

Account of old Henry West, of Upton .26 

Old Ambrose Ind .28 

Remarkable events . • .29 

Tetbnry Church struck by lightning, A.D. 1789 .30 

Colours presented to the Tetbury Volunteers at Kingscote 32 

Government of the Town ... .32 

Fairs, &c .34 

Description of the Town .35 

Ruins of Cistercian Monastery . .37 

Projected Railway in 1839 .39 

Springs near the Town . .39 

Alms House. .42 

Savings Bank .44 

Dispensary . .46 


Tetbory Institate .... 
Tetbary Union .... 

Population of the parish, 1801—1851 
Proportion of arable to posture land in the parish 
Hamlet of Doughton .... 
Elmestree ..... 
Upton ..... 

Charlton ..... 
Inrestigation into the origin of the name of the Town 




Account of the Lards of the Manor. 

Former and present jurisdiction of Lords of the ld[anor 

Siward, Lord of Tetbuiy, temp. Edward the Confessor 

Roger de Ireri, timp, William the Confessor 

Reginald de S. Walerick 

The fiunily of De Braose 

The Berkeley family . 

The Manor of Doughton 

The Kanor of Upton 

The Manor of Charlton 

The Manor of ElmestiM 

The Orange . 



Histofy of ths Monastery and Churches, 

Ancient Saxon Monastory 

(^tercian Monastery 

Old Parish Church of S. Mary Magdalen 

Charities attached to the old Church . 

Deed of Arbitration, 1467 

Account of rebuilding of Parish Church 

Rules of Society for rebuilding the Parish Church 

The present Parish Church 

8. SaTiour's Chapel of Ease . 

The Rectory and Adrowson, account of 

Particulars respecting the Rev. John Wight . 

Extracts fh>m the Parish JEtegisters, ftc 

Churchwardens' aecqpats 

Monuments in the old Church 
















Th« Tetbufy Charities. 

Chftneerj Scheme for regaUtion of Tetbuiy Charity Bvtatas 

Sir William Bomney's Charity, 1610 

Sir Thomas Estcoart's Charity, 1642 

John Yeizey's Charity, 1677. 

William Talboys* Charity, 1680 

Richard Talboys' Charity, 1682 

Charles Elton's Charity, 1696 

Jonathan Shipton's Charity, 1710 

John Avery's Charity, 1713 • 

Elizabeth Hodges* Charity, 1723 

Thomas Talboys' Charity, 1781 

Gilbert Gastrell's Charity* 1792 

Uop^Eak ¥«ldn*« Charity, 1789 

Matthew Sloper's Charity, 1770 

John Wight's Charity, 1774. 

Esther Clark's Charity, 1774 

Mary Howe's Charity, 1775 . 

Ann Wight's Charity, 1788 . 

Sarah Paul's Charity, 1795 . 

Ann QaatTell's Charity, 1797 

Eleanor Lndlow's Charity, 1804 

Thomas Alexander's Charity, 1 805 

James Webber's Charity, 1813 

James Pickett's Charity, 1813 

Sarah Lndlow's Charity, 1816 

William Brookes's Charity, 1821 

Idary Sammers's Charity, 1826 « 

Lieutenant-Colonel Olney's Charity, 1836 

Thomas Ponlton's Charity, 1851 

Tabular account of the Charities 

Tetbnry Charity Estates account, 1855-56 

































The Schools. 

Sir William Romney's benefaction . 

Hub. Hodges* benefaction .... 

Ordinances of Tetbory School, 1623. 

Present state of the Schools .... 

Lives of celebrated persons connected with the Town 

John Oldham, the poet .... 



Philip Biflse, Bishop of Hereford 
Thomas Tnllj, D.I)^ Deen of Bipon 
Thomas Gore» the antiquary 
Joseph Trappy Frolessor of Poetiy, Oxford 
Scrope Berdmore BaTies 



HiaUiry of FamiUes comMcUd uwlA Tetbwry. 

Estcourt of Estooort .196 

Hontlejr of Bozwell Court . .208 

Holford of Weston Birt .218 

Paol of HighgroTe . .222 

Sarage of Tetboiy . .228 

Extracts from Parish Begisters respecting family of Sayage . . 287 

n ft M Oastrell family . 24.^ 

n n H Talboys family . 244 
Extracts from Shipton Moyne Begisters respecting the Estcoart family 246 
Extracts from Long Newnton Begisters respecting the Estcoart family 248 

Pedigree connecting families of De Braose afad Cotes . 249 

Notes on the Geology of Tetbory . 



Chronological events connected with the Town 261 

Charter of King Ethelred to Malmesbmy Abbey 264 

Charter of Beginald de S. Walerick to Eynesham Abbey . 265 

Grant of Bernard de S. Walerick to Boger de Berkeley 266 

Charter of Thomas de S. Walerick to Eynesham Abbey 267 

Carte R de Berkeley .268 

Grant of William de Brense to the Free Burgesses of Tetbory, 1291 . 268 
Begrant of Beginald de Brahns ..... 269 

Begrant of John de Bransa ...... 269 

Charter of Edward lY. of Elmestree, to Westbnry College . . 270 

Extracts from Pnblic Bolls relating to Tetbury . .271 

Tokens issued at Tetbury, 1650—1670 .273 

for repain of Tetbuiy Church .... 273 


Eztncts from the Will of Sir William Bomnej 
lists of Acts of FftrUament connected with the Town 
Bishops of Qloncester firom 1541 . 



LifitofYicars from 1551 .... 

. 289 

List of Lecturers ..... 

. 290 

List of Curates . , . . . 

. 201 

List of Churchwardens from 1569 . 

. 292 

List of FooSooB fit>m 1682 .... 

. 298 

List of Bailifis from 1592 .... 

. 299 

List of Schoolmasten from 1642 

. 301 

Inseriptioiis on the existing Monuments in the Parish Church 



Heads of Local Inlbrmation 



Index to Names on Monuments 




The former dnnvli «f S. Ubtj Magdalen . 


The Arms of Tetbuiy ..... 

Title Page 

Arms of Holford ..... 


Facsimile of order of Charles L to spare Tetburj dtirnig Aa Gml 

Inr ars ...... 


The Old Market House, Tetbnry .... 


Upton Grove, near Tetbury . . . , 


Arms of De Braoee ..... 


Arms of the Berkeleys ..... 


Elmestree House, near Tctbnry .... 


Remains of Cistercian Monastery .... 


Autographs of Vicars of Totbnry since 1 657 


West Window, Parish Church, and Gastrell Monument 

. 146 

Arms of Estcourt .... 

. 196 

Estconrt House, near Tetbury 

. 196 

Seal of William Estcourt .... 

. 197 

Arms of Huntley ..... 

. 208 

Arms of Holford ..... 

. 218 

Weston Birt, near Tetbury 


. 218 

Arms of Paul ..... 

. 226 

Arms of Sayage ..... 

. 228 

Autographs of some of the Estcourts, and Lord and Lady Berkeley, 1 632 24 1 


The object of the Author in compiling the 
following pages has been to preserve, if possible 
from oblivion, such particulars respecting the Town 
and Parish of Tetbury as would otherwise, in all 
probability, have been lost. He has endeavoured 
especially to record those which are likely to be 
interesting to the historian and the antiquary ; 
having been long convinced that local histories are 
of great importance, if compiled with fidehty and 
care. From works of like character with the pre- 
sent, the future historians of England will be able 
to gather facts and customs which otherwise would, 
in the lapse of time, be for ever lost ; and to his- 
tories such as these they must look for the record 
of the common events of the every-day domestic 
life of the English nation, which in larger works 
are lumoticed and uncared for. 

In the present history then, the Author has simply 
endeavoured to do the work of a compiler with 


88 much faithfulness and diligence as lay in his 
power. When he commenced collecting materials 
for it, he found but few ready to hand. The 
notices of Tetbury, given in the various histories 
of Gloucestershire, are, from the natinre of those 
works, short and formal, and are not always trust- 
worthy. His chief sources of information have been 
numerous manuscripts intrusted to him by their 
owners, and papers relating to various Chancery 
suits, which at different periods have been carried 
on respecting the affairs of the Town. 

These documents, as well as those of interest in 
the Town Chest, together with the Parochial 
Blisters, and Churchwardens' and Feoffees' ac- 
counts, have been examined with much care, and 
every information calculated to throw light on 
the past history of the Town has been extracted 
from them. 

The copies of aU the monumental inscriptions at 
present existing in the Parish Church, given in 
Appendix III., as well as the extracts from the 
Parish Register at the end of Chapter VI. will, 
it is hoped, be found valuable hereafter in tracing 
pedigi^ which otherwise might become obscure. 

It only remains for the Author to thank those 

• •• 


kind friends who have assisted him in obtaimng 
materials for his work. The owners of Estcourt, 
Weston Birt, Upton Grove, and Ehnestree, have 
presented him with the views of their respective 
reddenoes. which appear in the Mowing pages. 
From the late lamented Rev. R W. Huntley» of 
Boxwell Court, he has received much antiquarian, 
geneaJogical and heraldic infonnation. From 
Messrs. J. T. and R. C. Paul, much documentary 
evidence and constant assistance throiighout the 
progress of the work. From Professor Buckman, of 
the Boyal Agricultural College, Cirencester, a val- 
uable Essay on the Geology of Tetbuiy. From 
Bichard Filkin, Esq., M.D., of Bichmond, many 
useful references to works respecting Tetbuiy and 
its History; and from that valuable publication. 
Notes and Queries, (to which all Antiquaries are 
so constantly indebted,) he has obtained the 
elucidation of many obscure historical point& 

The materials thus obtained have been arranged 
in the following order : 

In Chaptbb I., the History of the Town is 
traoed from ite earUeet appeatunce in British 
History, to the present day; the most remark- 
able circumstances that have occurred in conneo- 


tion with it are mentioned, and a description is 
given of the present state of its Govemment, 
Institutions, Public Buildings, &c. 

Chapter II. contains a consecutive account of 
the Lords of the Manor of Tetbury, and its Ham- 
lets, from the time of Edward the Confessor to 
the present day. 

Chaptbb III. is occupied with a description 
of the ancient Cistercian Monastery, and of the 
former and present Churches existing in the Parish. 

In Chapter IV., a full account is given of the 
number and value of the different Charities of the 
Town, by means of abstracts of the wiUs of the 
various bene&ctors. A tabular accoimt of their 
present state is appended. 

Chapter V. describes the past and present 
conditions of the Schools, giving also short lives 
of celebrated persons educated in them, or other- 
wise connected with the Town. 

Chapter VI. contains the Pedigrees of those 
families who are, or have been, prominently con- 
nected with Tetbury. The Author is greatly 
indebted to the members of these fiemiilies, who 
have supplied him with authentic materials for 
compiling them. 


Chapter VII. contains Notes ou the Geology 
of Tetbury, by Professor Buckman. 

The Charters of the De Braose s in Appendix I. 
are from an old English copy, preserved in the 
Town Chest. The originals, in Latin, are in 
many parts illegible. 

The lists of Vicars, Feoffees, Churchwardens, &c., 
in Appendix II., have been now for the first time 
compiled at a great expense of time and labour ; 
they will be found correct, as fiir as they go. 

Appendix III. contains Copies of the Inscrip- 
tions on all the Monuments in the Parish Church. 

In Appendix IV. the Heads of Local Informa- 
will be found. 

FuUy conscious of the numerous 
defects which will be found in the foDowing pages, 
the Author nevertheless commits them with confi- 
dence to the candour and kindness of his readers, 
believing that they will estimate their value, not 
by their intrinsic worth, but by the interest which 
they take in all that concerns the welfare and 
prosperity of the Town and Parish of Tetbury, 
the History of which it is the object of the follow- 
ing pages to describe. 

Ma^ 21, U57. 



Her Grace the Duchess of Beaufort, Badminton, (2 copies ) 

The Lord Bishop of Gloucester and Bristol. 

The Earl Fitzhardinge, Lord lieutenant of Gloucestershire. 

The Earl of Dude, Tortworth Park (2 copies.) 

The Earl of Ellenborough, Southam Park, Cheltenham. 

Sir William Codrington, M.P. Dodington. 

Sir Thomas Phillips, Bart Middle Hill, Worcester. 

Sir B. W. Garden, Bart. M.P. 64, Wimpole Street, London. 

T. H. Sotheron Estcourt, Esq. M.P. Estcourt, Tetbuiy, 

(10 copies.) 
B. S. Holford, Esq. M.P. Dorchester House, Park Lane, 

(6 copies.) 
John Neeld, Esq. M.P. Grittleton. 
Greorge Poulett Scrope, Esq. M.P. Castle Combe. 
J. Bolt, Esq. M.P. Ozleworth Park, Gloucestershire. 
J. B. Mullings, Esq. M.P. Eastcourt House, Malmesbury. 

Bannister, Bichard, Mr. White Hart, Tetburj. 

Barrett, Thomas, Mr. Tetbury. 

Battersbj, J. C. Ber. Vicarage, Tollesbury, Maldon, Essex. 

Baylj, Charles, Esq. Garston House, Torquay. 

Bennett, Bichard, Esq. Culkerton, Tetbury. 

Besant, W. H. Esq. M.A. F.B.A.S. Fellow of S. John's 

College, Cambridge. 
Birch, W. S. Bev. Bectofy, Easton Grey, Malmesbury. 

• •• 


Bowsher, Alfred, Mr. Tetbury. 

Box, James, Mr. Tetbniy. 

Bradflhawe, Henry, Esq. M.A. Fellow of King's College, 

Brookes, William, Esq. Elmesiree, Tetbuiy, (2 copies.) 


Brookes, William, Mr. Mark Lane, London. 

Brown, Charles, Mr. Tetbury. 

Brown, Francis, Mr. Tetbury. 

Brown, William, Mr. Malmesbury. 

Bryan, Guy, Bey. sen. Woodham Walter Rectory, Essex. 

Bryan, Guy, Bev. jun. Swanton Novers, Norfolk. 

Byam, Samuel, Esq. Willesley, Tetbury, (2 copies.) 

Butler, John, Mr. Tetbury. 

Cartmell, James, Rev. D.D. Master of Christ's College, 

Cave, George, Mr. The CoUey, Tetbury. 
Chew, Edward, Mr. Tetbury. 
Cook, John, Esq. sen. Tetbury. 
Cook, John, Mr. jun. Birkenhead. 
Cook, Edwin, Mr. Tetbury. 
Cook, Charles, Mr. Birkenhead. 
Cook, George, Mr. Northwich 
Cook, William, Mr. 
Cooper, John, Mr. Tetbuiy. 

ComwaU, A. G. Rev. Ashcroft House, Wotton-under-Edge. 
Cotes, C. G. Rev. Rectoty, Stanton S. Quinton, Wilts. 
Crow, Cyrus, Mr. Tetbury. 
Croome, T. C. Esq. Cainscross, Tetbury. 

Dalton, Edward, Esq. D.C.L. F.S.A. Dunkirk House, Nails- 
Dalway, Marriott, Esq. M.A. Bella HiU, Carrickfergus, Ireland. 
Dalway, Marriott Robert, Esq. „ „ 

Dixon, Greorge, Mr. Tetbury. 


Djer, Robert, Rev. Doughton. 

Ellison, Nathaniel, Esq. M.A. Morton House, Durham. 
Estcourt, William J. B. Rev. M.A. Rectory, Long Newnton, 

Estcourt, Matthew, Rev. M.A. Long Newnton, Wilts. 
Jlstcourt, Edward D. B. Esq., M.A. Charlton, Tetbuiy. 
Everard, E. J. Rev. Rectory, Didmarton, (5 copies.) 
Eykjn, Mrs. Reading. 

Fewster, Anthony, Esq. Nailsworth, Stroud. 

Filkin, Richard, Esq. M.D. Richmond, (6 copies.) 

Foster, George Pitt, Mr. Tetbury. 

Fowler, Robert, Rev. M.A. Fellow of Christ's College, 

Fowles, Charles, Mr. Tetbury. 
Frampton, John, Rev. Vicar of Tetbury, (2 copies.) 
Frampton, Edward, Esq. Cheltenham. 
Eraser, William, B.C.L. Rev. Alton, Cheadle, Stafford. 

Gibson, William Sidney, Esq. F.S.A. Bankruptcy Court, 

Goodwyn, J. G. Mr. Tetbury, (10 copies.) 
Greenstreet, F. W. Rev. M.A. Frenchay, Bristol. 
Gunson, W. M. Rev. M.A. Fellow and Tutor of Christ's College, 


Hale, R. B. Esq. Alderton, Gloucestershire. 
Harding, Colonel, Mount Radford Terrace, Exeter. 
Haygarth, J. S. Rev. M.A. Royal Agricultural College, 

Hays, John, Rev. M.A. Fellow and Tutor of Christ's College, 

HoUiday, William, I^Ir. Tetbuiy. 
Holt, Thomas, Esq. Gloucester. 

Home, Francis, Mr. Tetbury. 
Hooper, Briscoe, Esq. Torwood Mount, Torquay. 
Hughes, Joseph, Mr. Tetbury. 

Huntley, Bichard Webster, Rev. (the late,) Boxwell Court, 
Tetbury, (5 copies.) 

Ind, George, Mr. Tetbury. 

Jones, Miss, Chapel Street, Belgrave Square, London. 
Jones, W. S. Esq. Malmesbury. 

KeiUer, J. W. Mr, Tetbury. 

Korslake, Thomas, Mr. Bristol. 

Kitcat, John, Bev. M. 4. Swallowfield, Beading. 

Ejtcat, David, Bev. M.A. 

Lee, Lady, Claremont, Torquay. 

Lee, J. H. Captain, Balsdon Lodge, Torquay. 

Lee, Melville L. Bev. Bectory, Bridport, Dorset. 

Lewis, T. Mr. Tetbury. 

Lingwood, Thomas, Bev. 

Maggs, Joseph, Mr. Tetbuiy. 

Main, Professor, Bev. M.A. F.B.A.S. B.N. College, Ports- 
Maskelyne, Maurice, Esq. 
Maskelyne, William, Esq. Captain 20th Foot. 
Milner, C. F. Bev. Shadwell, near Leeds. 

Napier, Edward Berkeley, Esq. Pennard House, Somerset. 

Parker, J. H. and J. Messrs. London and Oxford. 
Paul, J. T. Esq. Tetbury, (4 copies.) 
Paul, B. C. Esq. Tetbury, (4 copies.) 
Paul, Henry, Esq. Clifton. 


Paul, Frederick, Esq. 

Paul, B. C. Esq. (the late,) Tetbury. 

Paul, Edmund W. Esq. Exeter. 

Paul, Walter M. Esq. Highgrove. 

Price, Thomas, Mr. Tetbury. 

Pricbard, B. A. Rev. Ashley Rectory, Tetbury. 

Relton, H. E. Esq. Lewes, Sussex. 

Bich, E. W. Esq. Didmarton, Tetbury. 

Bicketts, William, Esq. Tetbury. 

Boyds, Adelaide, Miss, Upton House, Tetbury. 

Saunders, T. Albin, Esq. Tetbury. 

Sarage, John, Esq. Grosvenor House, Bath. 

Savage, Francis Walker, Esq. Springfield, Westbury-on-Trym, 

(3 copies.) 
Savage, Francis, Esq. 
Savage, Mss, Cheltenham. 
Sealy, George, Mr. Tetbury. 
Sealy, William, Mr. Tetbury. 
Slatter, W. Mrs. Stratton, near Cirencester. 
Smith, Daniel, Mr. Tetbury. 
Stanton, Charles, Esq. Bownham, Stroud. 
Stanton, Charles H. Esq. Lincoln's Inn, London. 
Stanton, Arthur H. Esq. 

Tanner, Thomas, Mr. Shipton Moyne, Tetbury. 
Tanner, A. H. Mr. Shipton Moyne, Tetbury. 
Tayler, William, Mr. The Folly, Tetbuiy. 
Tayler, Bichard, Mr. Ashley, near Tetbury. 
Thomas, George, Mr. Lasborough. 
Timmings, John, Esq. Southsea. 
Townshend, Lady James, Baynham Hall, Norfolk. 
Tugwell, Humphrey, Mr. Tetbury. 


Walker, C. Esq. Gloucester. 

Walker, Henry, Rev. Incumbent of S. Andrew's, Westminster. 

Walker, John, Mr. Tetbury. 

Wallis, Rear-Admiral P.W.P. Commander-in-Chief, South 

Ward, John, Rev. M.A. Wath Rectoiy, Ripon. 

Warn, William, Mr. Tetbury. 

Warner, William, Mr. Lowfield, Tetbury. 

Wayte, William, Rev. M.A. Fellow of King's College, Cam- 

Weare, George, Mr. Tetbury. 

Webb, James, Mr. Tetbury. 

Whishaw, James, Esq. 68, Gower Street, London. 

Wickham, J. C. Esq. M.D. Tetbury, (2 copies.) 

Wight, Robert, Mr. Painswick, (2 copies.) 

Williams, George, Rev. B.D. Yice-Provost of King's College, 

Wilkinson, Mrs. Bath. 

Wills, G. W. B. Rev. M.A. Rectory, S. Leonard's, Exeter. 

Wills, Emily, Miss, Richmond Place, Mount Radford, Exeter. 

Wiltshire, John, Esq. Shockerwish, Bath. 

Witchell, Henry, Mr. Tetbury. 

Wood, Joseph, Esq. The Close, Tetbury, (4 copies.) 

Wood, Jacob, Mrs. The Green, Tetbury. 

Wood, Benjamin, Esq. Newnton House, Long Newnton, Tet- 

Wood, Charles P. Esq. 43, Bernard Street, Russell Square, 
London, (2 copies.) 

Wood, Jacob, Rev. Stratton, near Cirencester. 

Wood, Henry, Esq. Barton End, near Tetbury. 






The History of the Town. 

Early History In the times of the Britains — Romans — Saxons— Danes. — 
Account of Manor in Domesday. — Civil Wars, temp, K Stephen. — 
Royal Visits.— Ciyil Wars, temp, K. Charles.— Bye Laws for Prevention 
of the Plagne in 1666.— Old Age of Inhabitants. — Remarkable Events. 
Government of the Town. — Situation. — Town Hall.— The Chipping.— 
Cistercian Monastery, — Alms Houses. — Savings Bank. — Dispensary, — 
Institute. — Population. — Hamlets, — Doughton, — Elmestree, — Upton, — 
Charlton. — Investigation into the Origin of its Name. 

There can be but Kttle doubt that Tetbury was 
a military station, both in the time of the Britons 
and Romans, The towns of the original inhabi- 
tants of Britain were mostly situated on steep hills, 
and deep ditches, and high ramparts, were added to 
these natiuul defences, by way of increasing their 
strength ; and the position assigned to Tetbury by 
natxure, admirably fits it for purposes of defence. 
Pleasantly situated, on the South Eastern extremity 
of the Cotswold hills, in a healthy and salubrious air, 
and commanding an extensive tract of surroiuiding 
country,* it was sure to be seized upon by a warlike 

' The town is thus described by Leland, Itinerary^ vol. ii., 
p. 24. — ** Tetbyri is vii. miles from Malmesbjri, and is a praty 
market Town. Tetbyri liyth a 2 miles on the lift hand of from 
Fosse, afl men ryde to Sodbyri. The Hed of Isis ia 
Cotteswolde riseth about a mile a this side Tetbyri." 

people, as a spot capable of being easily fortified, 
and as easily defended. 

In the account which the earhest historians of 
Britain give of this part of the countiy, Tetbury 
is but rarely mentioned by name. The splendour of 
its near neighbour, Cirencester (which town was the 
metropolis of the Dobimi, the ancient inhabitants 
of Gloucestershire and Oxfordshire before the in- 
vasion of the Romans) entirely eclipsed its fame, 
and in giving an account of its history during this 
early period, we must content ourselves with de- 
scribing, the everchanging fortunes of the inhabi- 
tants of the district, comprehended between Ciren- 
cester, Gloucester, and Bath, in which tract of 
country, Tetbury is necessarily included. 

Aulus Plautius, was sent by Claudius as propraetor 
into Britain, and A.r). 45 placed garrisons amongst 
the Dobimi, as Dio relates. This country firom Ciren- 
cester (called by the Britains Caer Cori, and by the 
Romans Durocomovium) to Painswick, Bisley, 
Sapperton, Woodchester, Uley, and the adjoining 
places, (probably including Tetbury) was much 
peopled by the Romans. Cirencester was the 
metropolis, and Gloucester and the hills about the 
Severn were the great military posts. 

Camden* in his description of Malmesbury, makes 
mention of an ancient castle existing at Tetbury 
in British times. We will give the extract in fiilL 

" A very proper town this is {i. e. Malmesbury), 

'Camden's BritanmcOf ed. 1610, p. 242. 


and hath a great name for clothing, which (as we 
read in the Eulogie of Histories) Cimwallow Mal- 
mutius, King of the Britains, built together with 
Lacock and Tetburte two castles, and called it Gaer 
Baldon, which being at length by heat of wars 
destroyed, out of the ruins thereof there arose, as 
writers record, a castle wHch our ancestors in then: 
tongue, called Ingelbom," At the same time, con- 
tinues Camden, " the Saxon petty Kings had their 
palace at Caerdiurburge now Brokenbridge, a village 
scarce a mile from hence," 

If a castle was built at Tetbury, in the time of the 
Britons, as thus related by Camden, it would at once 
be seized by the Bomans on their occupation of the 
country, and made by them a militaiy station ; and 
we haTe proofs of tWs having beenle case, for aB 
is justly observed by Bishop Kennet,* " an obvious 
proof of places being frequented by the Eomans is 
L diggbg up. of Jin, iindi. n.^ «^ 
other relics of that age and nation, for wherever 
they spread themselves they either by accident or 
design left their marks behind them, so that if none 
of their antiquities can be found it is a just argu- 
ment that they have never visited it."* 

* Parochial AntiquitieBf vol. i., p. 14. 

* This is confirmed by the account given in the Anglo Saxon 
Ckromde^ a.d. 418. This year the Romans collected all the 
treasures that were in Britain, and some they hid in the earth, 
so that no one has since been able to find them, and some they 
carried with them to Gaul. 

The converse of this argument is applicable to 
Tetbury, since many Boman coins have at different 
times been found there, and the remains of a Roman 
camp existed there till the middle of the last century, 
when it was levelled to make room for improve- 
ments.' Coins of the Emperors Claudius, and Phihp, 
are at the present time, (1857) in the possession of 
Mr. George Cole, an old inhabitant of the town, 
and were dug up in his garden ; and the late Rev. 
John Wight, vicar of this parish, had in his cabinet 
coins of the Emperors Hadrian, Antoninus Pius, 
and Constantino and his sons, all of whom at one 
period visited Britain ; as also of Postumius Mag- 
nentius, and a very fine one of Carausius in brass, 
all foimd hera A coin of Annia Faustina, wife of 
Marcus Aurelius,® (who died a.d. 1 75,) has like- 
wise been discovered here ; and tmder the agger 
several ancient English coins, buried doubtless at a 
later period, particularly one of Edward the Con- 
fessor, one of King Stephen, and two of Henry III. 
When the camp was levelled (as mentioned above) 
about a centiuy since, several heads of arrows and 
javelins, with horse shoes of the ancient form, and 

* The ruins and intrenchments were visible within these 
twenty-six years, ue. in 1757. — MS. Account of Tidmry, by 
R. C. [Robert Clark] written in 1783. 

^ She was the daughter of Antoninus Pius. Her character, 
which was not one of the best, is given by Gibbon, vol, i., p. 226, 
Dr. Smith's Ed. See also his Oreds cmd Boman Mythology, 
vol. ii.| p. 141. 

spurs without rowels (such as were in use soon after 
the Conquest) were discovered. 

It would be extremely interesting to us, had we 
any existing account of the marches of Vespasian, 
during the time that Aldus Plautius, was governor 
of Britain ; as it is, we only know that the third 
year after his arrival in Britain, Plautius took pos- 
session of Bath and Gloucester.' In all probability 
Vespasian was the general, who conquered and co- 
lonized, the banks of the Bristol Avon. During 
the time that Plautius was Governor of Britain; the 
Romans reduced all the tribes south of the Thames, 
together with the Tribonantes, Dohuni^ and Cossi. 

When Publius Ostorius Scapula arrived in Britain 
as governor, A.D. 50, he found that many of the Bri- 
tish tribes had revolted from Rome. Among other 
precautions, he fortified the Banks of the Severn, 
to prevent the SLliures, (the ancient inhabitants of 
Herefordshire and Monmouthshire) from invading 
the Roman province, and placed garrisons at Glou- 
cester, Sodbury, Oldbury, &c. Bath, which was 
originally a British town, was one of the nine 
Roman colonies in BritaiQ, and had been previously 
occupied and fortified by them. 

From the time of the departure of the Romans, 
in the middle of the fifth century, to the estab- 
lishment of the Saxon Heptarchy, tliis part of 
the country was included in the Kingdom of 
Wiccia. It was afterwards incorporated with the 

^ Richard of Cirencester, 1, 6, 28. 

Kingdom of Mercia, and between 577 and 656 was 
held alternately by the Mercians and West Saxons. 
In aa ancient charter of Ethelred. King of the 
MerdanSy to Aldhelm, the Abbot of MaLmesbury, 
in 680, recorded by Dugdale,* mention is made of 
the gift by that king of fifteen cassates of land, 
"jitwrfa Tettan Moruxsteriv/m^ (near the Monastery 
of Tettan) to the monks of Malmesbury. This mo- 
nastery disappeared before the Conquest, and no 
record of its existence, except this casual mention 
of it, now remains. 

In the reign of the above-mentioned King Ethel- 
red, Osher, sub regulus of the Wiccii, persuaded him 
to divide Merda, which had hitherto been under 
one Bishop, into five dioceses, an example which 
might with great advantage be followed in our own 
times. The principal see then erected was that of 
his own province, Wiccia. The pontifical seat was 
erected at Worcester, the then famous metropolis 
of the WicciL* 

* Moncutieon Angl.^ vol. L, p. 258, ed. 1819. See also Tanner's 
NoHtia Monastica, pp. 139, 148. 

9 Anno 680, tempore ^thelredi Regis Merciorum, et Theo- 
dori Arcbiepiscopi, constituta est sedes, Episcopalis Wigomensis 
EcclesisB. Boselas Episcopns primus et yixit annis xi., obiit 689. 
^^Annales de Eebua Ecclei, Wigom. 

The Diocese of Lichfield formerly comprehended all Merda. 
In the year 679, on the authority of Ethelred and Archbishop 
Theodore, it was divided into five Dioceses ; one of them was 
Worcester, which comprehended Worcestershire, Gloucester- 
shire, and half of Warwickshire. The seat of the bishop was 

Tetbury remained in the Diocese of Worcester, 
tiU the erection of the See of Gloucester, by Hemy 
VIII, in 1541. 

The Danes made their first hostile invasion of Eng- 
land in 783. In the reign of King Edgar (959-974) 
they h^ so overspread the land that " there was 
scarcely a village in England where the Danes did 
not dwell with the English."* It is said, that they 
were much favoured by the English women, from 
their being of cleaner habits than their own country- 
men. In A.D. 1013, the Danish king, Sweyn, 
having been repulsed by the inhabitants of London, 
marched to Wallingford, and thence to Bath ; he 
there halted and refreshed his army. 

In the reign of Edward the Confessor (1041-1066) 
Siward was Lord of the Manor of Tetbury ; it was 
held by Roger de Jueri, who had also large posses- 
sions in Berks, Bucks, Oxford, Gloucestershire, 
Himtingdon, and Warwick, in the time of William 
the Conqueror. 

The following account of this manor is given in 
Domesday :* — " In Langetrewes Hund. isdem Bog. 

Worcester. Tatfritb, '< vir strenuisdmus et doctissimas, atque 
excellentis ingenii " was to have been the first bishop, but he died 
suddenly, and Bosel was elected in his place. The division of 
the Diocese of Lichfield was determined at the Council of Hat- 
field, A.D. 675. — See Tanner's Notitia Monastica and Seyer's 
Jlistonf ofBristoly vol. i., p. 227. 

' Brompton. 

' Domesday Book was caUed '' Liber Judiciarius vel censu- 


ten. Tetebebie. Ibi xxiii. hide geld. Siward 
tenuit T. R. E. In d'nio s't viii. car., et xxxii. vill'i, 
et ii. bord, et ii. radchen ; cum pTbro inter om's 
b'ntes xiiii. car. Ibi xviiii. servi et malin. de xv. 
den. et pastura de x. solid., et. x. ac. p'tL 

Isd. Roger, ten. Uptone. Ibi ii. hide, • et una 
v'geld. Aluricus tenuit de rege. E. In d'nio sunt 
ii. car., et v. vill'i. et iii. bord., ; cum iii. car. Ibi 
viii. servi. Hie duo M. T. R. E. val'b xxxiii. lib. 
modo simt ad firmam pro 1. lib. 

•* Roger de Jueri* holds Teteburie, in Langes- 
trewes Hundred. There are twenty-three hides 

alia Anglise.'' It was a general aarrey of all England, with the 
exception of Durham and Northumberland, and was com- 
menced in the reign of William the Conqueror by five Justices, 
A.D. 1080, and finished a.d. 1086. The taxes were levied 
according to this survey till 13 Henry YUL (1522.) Its name 
was derived, not as is generally supposed, from its being called 
the Book of Doom, from its severity, but from the Liber 
Judicialis, or Dom Boc of King Alfred. It was also called 
BotuluM Wintontce^ Liber de WintoniOf and Liber Regis. — See Sir 
H. Ellis*s Introd. to Domesday^ and Hadyn's Dictionary of Dates, 

• This Roger de Jueri appears to have been on terms of friend- 
riiip with Odo, Bishop of Baieux ; of Haseldene, one of the Manors 
entered to him in Gloucestershire, it is said, " Hoc Manerium 
tenuit quidam homo Bogeri de Episcopo Baiscensi pro xvi. lib. 
Postea dedit Episcopus eidem Rogeris cum firm&." This Manor 
a certain man named Roger held of the Bishop of Baieux for 
sixteen pounds. Afterwards the Bishop gave it to the aforesaid 
Roger with the farm.— Sir H. Ellis's Introd. to Domesday^ vol L, 
p. 441. 

which pay tax. Siward, held it in the time of 
King Edward. There are eight carucates, and 
thirty-two villeins, and two bordarers, and two 
redchenisters, with a priest, having among them 
all fourteen carucates. There are nineteen servi, 
and a miU of 15d., and pasture of 10s., and ten 
acres of meadow. The same Roger holds Uptone. 
There are two hides, and one yard land taxed. 
Alumcus held it of King Edward. There are two 
carucates, and five viUeins, and three bordarers, 
with three plow tillages. There are eight servi. 
These two manors were worth £33 in the time of 
King Edward, and they are now at farm for £50.'' 
By analysing tliis ancient survey, we may esti- 
mate the quantity of land which the parish then 
contained ; but first, it will be necessary for us to 
consider, the number of acres contained in a hide, 
and carucate, respectively. According to Sir Henry 
Ellis, in his Introduction to Domesday y a carucate 
was as much arable land as could be managed with 
one plough, and the beasts thereto belonging in one 
year, having meadow, p^ture, and houses for the 
householders, and cattle belonging to it ; and Selden 
also is of the same opinion. The carucate was of 
Norman introduction, and usually in Domesday 
follows the measure of the hide. We must also 
bear in mind, that in this survey, the axable land 
was measured by carucates, the common pastiure by 
hides, and the meadow by acres. At diflFerent times, 
the number of acres in the carucate differed, but 


when considering the land mentioned in Domesday, 
we may safely suppose them to contain the same 

the distinction between the carucate and hide was 

Beckoning at this yaluation, we shall find that the 
quantity of land contained in the parish, as men- 
tioned in Domesday, is much the same as at present. 

1. In Tetbury — ACRE& 
The twenty-three hides of common 

pasture, at 120 acres per hide - 2760 

The eight carucates of arable - - 960 

The ten acres of meadow . . lo 

2. At Upton — 

The two hides of pasture - - 240 

The fiye carucates of arable - - 600 


Whilst the parish, according to the present mea- 
surement, contains 4,532 acres, statute measure. 

The cultivators of this land in the time of the 
Conqueror were — 

1. At Tetbury— ViUani - - 32 

Bordarii - - 2 
Redchenisters - 2 
Servi - - 19 — 55 

2. At Upton — Villani - . 5 

Bordarii - - 3 
Servi - - 8 — 16 

In all 71 


In this reckoning, the wives and families of those 
employed in the land is not included, and allowing 
on an average a wife and three children to each, 
the population of the parish at that period (1086) 
would amount to 284 souls.^ 

It may not be uninteresting, if we add a few 
words, respecting the sodal condition of the several 
classes we have mentioned. The borda/rii, were in 
a less servile condition, then the servi and viUani, 
and were distinct from them. They had a small 
parcel of land allowed them on condition of their 
supplying their lord with poultry and eggs, and 
other such provisions, for his board and entertain- 
ment.* The viUaniy so called a viUd, because they 
lived chiefly in villages, were employed in rustic 
work of the most sordid kind. Their condition 
much resembled that of the Spartan Helots ; they 
could not leave their lord without his permission, 
they were annexed to his person, and transferable 

* At the time of the Domesday Borvey there were in Glou- 
cestershire : — 

TenaDts in Capite - • - - 102 

Bordarii 1,792 

Rachenistri - - - - - 137 

Servi 2,044 

'Vlllani 8,627 

Uxoram Vlllanonim defiinctoram - 4 

The total number of the inhabitants of the county was 8,366. 
—Sir H. Ellis's IrUrod. to Damssdc^j vol. ii., p. 444. 
^ Kennet's Paroch, AnUq. Ohssary, 


by deed from one owner to another.® If they ran 
away or were stolen, they might be reclaimed by 
action, like beasts, or other chattels. They could 
acquire no property, or goods, and if they purchased 
either, the lord might enter upon them and seize 
them for his own use.' 

As regard the ii radchen, or redchenisters men- 
tioned above, it is difficult to discover, what were 
the exact duties assigned to them. Sir Henry Ellis 
in his Introduction to Domesday, to which we have 
referred above, says p. 72, that " the description of 
tenantry named rachenistres, or radchenistres, ap- 
pear likewise to have been called radmanniy or rod- 
ToanSy and like the socmen were less free than 
others.'* Dr. Nash, the historian of Worcestershire, 
conjectiured that the radmanni, and radchenistres, 
were probably a kind of freemen who served on 

^ Wido de Areiues, gave to the Abbey of Oseney his land in 
Mixburj. '^ Lex Yirgatus terrae de villenagio, cum villanis, et 
eorum sectis et 8ervitiis."-^Kennett's Paroch. AnUq,^ vol. i., 
p. 299. 

7 Blackstone's Comment^ vol. iii. p. 92, 93. 

8 This word is also mentioned by Da Cange, who says, '^ De 
terrft hujus manerii tenebant Radchenistres, i.e. liberi homines. 
Yidentur iidem qai Bractono Rad4 Knights dicuntur, liberi 
scilicet homines qui tamen arabant, herciabant, falcabant, mete- 
bant, &c. Rady or Rede, signifies firm and stable, and these 
Redchenistres were oflen called soehemansy or sokemanniy because 
of their plough service from sokcy a plough. — See also Coke upon 
Lyttlitony sec. 117. 


In the war between the Empress Maud, and 
Robert, Earl of Gloucester her brother, against 
King Stephen, in 1143, Mabnesbury was beseiged 
by the former, and the surrounding country forti- 
fied by him ; he either built a castle at Tetbury, or 
rebuilt the one which formerly existed there, as the 
following extract from Seyer's History of Bristol^ 
will shew. He is here quoting from the Gesta 

" Malmesbury was holden by a garrison for the 
king, and appears to have been a kind of frontier 
town. The Earl of Gloucester, wishing to get 
possession of it buUt three castles near it, whereby 
the garrison was reduced to extremity from want 
of food. When the king was informed of the great 
distresses of his men, he collected together an im- 
mense nimiber of soldiers, and suddenly and im- 
expectedly came to Malmesbury, and having sent in 
provisions sufficient for a long time, he raged most 
cruelly with fire, sword, and plimder aroimd the 
castles which the Earl had built ; and, setting up 
his tents near Tetbury, a castle only three miles 
distant from Malmesbiuy, he laboured earnestly 

» Vol. i., pp. 448, 450. 

^ The Qe8tm Stephana Regis Anghrum et duds N'amumnomm^ was 
a record written bj Robert de Bee, a Norman Ecclesiastic and 
firm adherent of King Stephen, and perhaps his personal friend. 
The book is scarce and little known, not at all in English, 
and all his histoiy is tinged with a favourable account ot 
Stephen.— Sejer's History of Bristolj vol. i., p. 406. 


with force and arms to take it The outward forttess 
of the castle [tdteriore oasteUi prapugTuiciilo] being at 
last bravely captured, and some soldiers being taken 
and slain, and many others wounded and forced in 
crowds into an inward retreat within a narrow 
compass, the king immediately brought up his 
machines on all sides, intending to shut them up 
by seige. But the Earl of Gloucester, when he 
heard of the king's approach, hastily collected an 
immense number of cavalry (mmum), inaamuch 
as he had very many castles in the neigfhbourhood, 
«.^e of hi, Z righl ^ other, feithfUly oWying 
him. He brought also together, a cruel and uncon- 
querable army, of Welchmen and Bristow [Bristol] 
men, and men of other cities in the neighbourhood, 
intending to fight the king. Eoger, also. Earl of 
H«ef„^*..d^ ^^intlefeu-uod^oudy 
afireeuifi: to assist him, havins^ collected their forces 
tiS came on ^th great Lpedition ; and being 
now only two mUes dktant from the king's army, 
waited until others who were hastening on, should 
come to their assistance. 

The Barons, who were with the king, hearing 
that such a numerous swarm of enemies was come 
together against them, and fearing the uncontrol- 
able barbarity of the Welchmen and the disorderly 
multitudes [incompositum vtdgus], of the Bristow- 
ans, a wonderful number of whom the Eaxl was 
leading in close array to fall upon them, dropped 
prudent counsel into the king's ear, and advised 


him to break up the seige for a time and remove 
his army to some other place, where it might be 
wanted, because it was unadvisable and bordering 
on rashness, to expose his squadron of cavalry 
(militicB sucB cunewm) to such a host of prize 
fighters on foot, {tot pedestris muUUudinvi lanistas) 
for whom it was not a match ; whereas, on the other 
hand, their enemies coming out of their cities and 
castles in the neighbourhood, would be stronger and 
more prepared for battle ; that, therefore, it was 
prudent to retire from the seige for the present, 
lest the king being surrounded by fierce enemies, 
should suffer a defeaf For these reasons the king 
acquiesced in the prudent advice of his friends, and 
hastily removing the whole expedition from those 
places, suddenly came before Winchelcomb, where 
Boger the new Earl of Hereford had raised a castle 
against him, whidi was soon surrendered on 

A monastery existed in this town in the time of 
the Saxons, but no particulars except the record of 
its former existence now remain.' In the time of 
Henry HI. a Cistercian monastery was established 
here.' Beginald de S. Walerick, Lord of Haseldean, 

* Dogdale's Mcnastican Angliccmum^ vol, i., p. 258. 

* The Cistercian order was founded in 1098, bj Robert Hard- 
ing, an Englishman, a Benedictine, and Abbot of Molesme, 
in Burgundy, in the Diocese of Langres. He had made 
most zealous efforts to revive the decaying piety of his Convent; 
but not succeeding, he retired with about twenty of his monks 


removed them from that plax)e to Tetbury in 1140, 
but some years after, finding themselves incon- 
venienced from want of water, they removed to 
Elingswood, leaving Tetbury as a grange to the 
abbey there. They remained settled at Kingswood 
till the dissolution of the monasteriea 

The land on which this town is built, and all the 
manor belonging thereto, was formerly known by 
the name of the Fforren. This town and manor 
Henry I. gave to William de Braose. He granted 
to the town its first charter of privileges, by virtue 
of which they had a weekly market day on Wed- 
nesday's, and one fair day yearly, on " Sancti De 
Maria.^ " Matilda de Long Spee, who was after- 
wards Lady of the manor, confirmed the charter 
given them by King Henry to the burgesses of 
Tetbury, "to hold to them also y* liberties and 

to Citeaux, in the Diocese of Chalons. There he founded this 
celebrated order. Their great and fundamental law was the 
rule of S. Benedict, which thej rigorously observed. Eudes, 
Duke of Burgundy, built a monastery for them. The first Cis- 
tercian monastery in England, was that of Waverley, in Surrey, 
1129. In the reign of Edward I. there were sixty-one Cister- 
cian monasteries in England. — Dugdale*s Monasdcon, Hook's 
Church Dictionary. ' 

^ This £eLir attained to great importance, towards the end of 
the 13th century, and in the year 1303 a petition of grievances 
was presented to the king, (Edward 1.) from the burgesses of 
Bristol, against the Lord Berkeley and his son Maurice, for that 
he beat, and imprisoned, divers of the burgesses of Bristol '^ at 
the great faire of Tetburie." 



ffiree customes contained in the Britain^ Law, in aa 
ample a manner as the burgesses of Hereford had 
or used." 

Edward I., in the fifteenth year of his reign 
(1287), brought a writ of quo warranto^ against 
William de Braosa^ son of John, Lord de Braosa» for 
the liberties he claimed in Tetbury. Whereupon it 
was foimd ihsA. Tetbxuy was an ancient borough 
town ; and that in the same he had a Market, Fair, 
View of Frankpledge* in Longthiefe, weaved goods, 
and free warren, which had used time out of mind. 

^ A corporation maj be dissolved, bj forfeitare of its charter, 
through negligence or abuse of its franchises ; in which case, the 
law judges that the body politic has broken the condition upon 
which it was incorporated, whereupon the incorporation has 
become void. And the regular course is to bring an information 
in nature of a writ quo tfforantOj that is, to enquire '* by what 
warrant" the members now exercise their corporate power, 
having forfeited it by such and such proceedings. — Blackstone's 
Commentaries^ abridged by S. Warren, d.c.l., pp. 394, 395. 

The nature of a writ quo warrwUo is thus accurately defined 
by Blackstone himself. Comment.^ vol. ilL, p. 262. ed. 1809 : — 
" A writ of quo warranto is in the nature of a writ of right for 
the Eang, against him who claims or usurps any office, functions, 
or liberty, to enquire by what authority he supports his claim 
in order to determine the right." 

* The view of Frank pledge or Court ket was a court of record 
held once in the year and not oftener, within a particular Hun- 
dred, Lordship, or Manor, before the Steward of the Leet, 
being the King's Court, granted by Charter to the Lords of those 
Hundreds or Manors. Its original intent was to view the frank 

pledges, t.e. the freemen within the liberty; who, according to 


and had also three tumbrils, pillory, and stocks ; all 
which was declared in his favour by the verdict 
of twelve freeholders of the Hundred of Longtree, 
which verdict was returned to the Kingfs Court of 
Exchequer, and was there registered 

Edward HI, in the twenty-fourth year of his 
reign (1351), granted to Thomas de Braosa (who 
then held, by the King's grant, a fair for one day 
at his manor of Tetbury) his royal permission to 
add to that one day, six other days, for the 
the continuance of the fair, viz. : " That the fair 
be holden three dales before Sancti Maria (and on 
that day), and three days after, at the said Manor 
of Tetbury." In the thirty-sixth year of his reign 
(1363), a license was granted to Walter de Walters, 
of Tetbury, and others, to give twenty-four ines- 
suages and sixty acres of land in Tetbury, " to a 
Chantry Priest to sing for tiie souls of Peter de 
Bmosa, and Agnes his wife, and Thomas their 

In the twenty-eighth year of the reign of Queen 
Elizabeth (1586), there was an Inquisition held at 
Tetbury, by virtue of a Commission from Her 
Majesty's High Court of Chancery, directed to 
Sir Thomas Estoourt, Sir William Sandys, and 
others, according to the statute of charitable uses. 

the institution of the Great Alfred, were all mutnallj pledged 
for the good behaviotir of each other. — Blackstone's ConmmL^ 
vol. iv., p. 178. 


Whereupon, divers presentments by the oaths of 
Eichard Payne, Gfent., and fifteen others, were 
sworn, and divers orders were afterwards made by 
the said Commissioners, and returned into the 
High Court of Chancery for the public good of 
the town. 

In 1643, Charles I. visited this town. His visit 
is thus described in the Iter Carolinimi, a relation 
of the marches of Charles L, firom 1641 to 1643 : 
" Tuesday, August 8th, to Tetbury to dinner."® 

During the Civil War there appears to have been 
a good deal of fighting in the neighbourhood of 
Tetbury ; and towards the end of the year 1643 
the whole country was kept in a perpetual state of 
alarm. Both parties established themselves in 
every eligible spot, where a castle or defensible 
house could be found. Colonel Massey, who 
commanded for the Parliament, was continually 
skirmishing, and kept all his adversaries on the 
alert. " In the space of five months there was 

6 See A List of his Majesty's Marches^ from Oxford to BristowSj 
Gloucester seige^ 4rc»7 beginning the ist August, 1643 : — 

8. From Oxford to Farrindon, dinner ; 1 - iQ.ia 
Malmesbury, supper and bed - - J 

Bristol taken bj the King. 

2. To Bristol 6 22 

8. To Tedbur^j dinner ; to Cirences- 1 

ter, supper and bed; Sir Wm. > I 20-8 
Masters ) 

9. To Pansweek - - - - 1 U 



fighting at Berkeley, Beverstone, Cheltenliainy 
Huntley, Marshfield, Newent, Painswick, Tainton, 
Tetbury, and Wootton-under-Edge. He himself 
was often expcwaed to extreme periL" ^ 

John Corbet, a Puritanical preacher, in his His- 
torical Relation of the Military Government of 
Gkmcester, published in 1645, states "that on the 
other side of the city (Gloucester), the enemy 
(the Royalists) was emboldened to erect new 
govenmiente at Tedbuiy and Wotton-under-Edge. 
Men did invite the govemour to march that way, 
who withall had his eye upon Beverstone Castle, 
newly gaxiiaon'd aad commanding the rich 
dothiers of Stroudwater ; hither he advanced with 
a party of three himdred foot, and fo\ir score horse. 
These horse sent before were so formidable to the 
enemy at Tedbury, that the govemour, Horatio 
Cary, with his whole raiment, were put to flight, 
and dissipated with the loss of fourteen of their 
men slain and taken prisoners/' * 

Afterwards he speaks of Colonel Massie attacking 
Malmesbury, which was defended by CoL Henry 
Howard, who resolutely refused to surrender when 
summoned by CoL Massie. "Thereupon our foot 
and artillery were brought up from Tedbury, and 
within two houres drawne into the suburbs and 

7 Washboum's BUfUotheca Oloucesterieimay vol. ii., p. 81. 
* Historical Belation of the MiUtary Oovemment of Oloucetterj 
by John Corbet, preacher of God's Word^ 1645, p. 66. 


lower part of the towna"' The place was after- 
wards taken by Colonel Massie. 

In 1 663, Charles IL passed through Tetbury on 
his way to Bath. He was acoompanied by his 
Queen Eatherine. On the 5th of September, they 
visited Bristol : they were received there by Sir 
Bobert Cann, mayor, and Sir Bobert Atkyns, the 

On Tuesday, Sept 6th, 1687, James II. passed 
through Tetbury on a progress to Bath.* 

In 1666, when the plague was raging in London, 
and causing dismay throughout the country, pre- 
cautions were taken at Tetbury to prevent its 
reaching the town, as the following Bules and Bye 
Laws, enacted at that period by the inhabitants, 
will shew :* 

'* Bules and By Laws to be observed within the 
Towne of Tetbury, in the County of Gloucester, 
for the better preserving the s* Towne (by the 
blessing of God) from the infection of the 
"Agreed upon by the greater number of the 
inhabitants of the s^ Towne, mett together for 
that purpose (ailer publique notice), on the 
twenty-fifth day of September, in the seven- 

9/^ p. 98. 

> See Churchwardens' account of ihat year. 

> See London OaztUe^ No. 2,276, Sept 12, 1687. 

' The original document is preserred in the Town Chest 





teenth year of the Reigne of King Charles the 

i. That eight persons, householders of the s' 
towne (that is to say), the two constables for 
the time being, together with six others of the 
prindpale and most substantiale inhabitants of 
the said towne (to be from time to time, as need 
shall require, chosen by the greater number of 
the householders mett together, upon a general 
notice thereof first given, to be called assistants 
to the said constables), shall take care to see 
watch and ward constantly kept in the said 
towne, by a competent number of the inhabitants 
who are best able to undergoe and performe that 

ii. That every householder (who through poverty 
is not disabled to performe that service, and to 
spare soe much time from his daily labour, and 
for that reason to be excused by the greater 
number of the said eight pa:Bons,) shall either 
by himselfe, or by such other sufficient person 
to be approved of by the sayd constables, or the 
8^ assistants, or any two of them, attend and 
serve in watching and warding, upon due notice 
given to that purpose. 

iii. That if the said constables or assistants, or 
any of them, or any persons appointed to watch 
and ward, shaQ be negligent in performing their 
respective services, that forthwith complaint shaU 
be made thereof to some one or more of His 





Ma"" JusticeB of the Peace, for the County of 
of Glour"' that sudi course may be taken against 
them, as shall be agreeable to law. 
iv. That noe traveller from the dtty of London, or 
any other place, nor any goods whatsoever, shall 
be red^ into the sayd towne, unlesse good satis- 
faction by certifficate, or otherwise, shall be first 
given, to two or more of the s* eight persons, 
that the said traveller, or goods, have not for 
the space of a month before^ at the least, been 
in any place infected. 

V. That if any householder shall permitt any such 
traveller, or other stranger, or other person what- 
soever, or any goods, to come or bee brought 
into his or her house, before such satisfaction 
soe as afores^ given, to the sayd eight persons, 
or two of them, then the s^ householder, and 
all his, or her family, together with the said 
stranger, or other person, or such goods, shall 
be removed to some place out of the towne, there 
to remaine for a month, and for such longer 
time, if th^re shall be apparent cause for it, 
as shall be thought fitt by the greater niunber 
of the s"^ eight persons. 

vi. That noe carrier, by horse, waggon, or waine, 
or other caxiiage. sh^ bring or drive their 
horses, waggons, or waines, or other carriages, 
into, or through the s^ towne, or to baite, or 
lodge in the s"* towne, but be directed to passe 
some back way by the sayd towne, according 




as his, or her journey lieth, being fiimished with 
such necessaries, at reasonable rates, as the sayd 
towne will afford, to be delivered to them out 
of the towne. 

vii. That the children or ffiiends of any of 
the inhabitants of this towne, shall not be re- 
ceived into the sayd towne, untill they have 
remained by the space of a month in some 
convenient place out of the s* towne, and not 
then neither, if any two of the s* eight persons, 
shaU see any just and apparent cause to suspect 
there shall be still any infection with them, and 
shall soe declare. 

viii. K any inhabitant shall breake or transgresse 
any of these rules or directions, complaint shall be 
made forthwith thereof, to some one or more of 
His Ma*** Justices of the Peace for this Coimty, 
to the end, hee or shee, may receive due punish- 
ment for the sama 

ix. Wee the inhabitants of the towne of Tetbuiy, 
whose names are hereimto subscribed, do nomi- 
nate and make choice of (for to be assistants 
unto the constables, according to the first of 
these articles), Moses Wickea, Toby Mayo, 
Mathew Beale, Senr., Edward Sloper, John 
Sherman, and John Arrowsmith : And also 
wee give our consent to all the articles aforesaid : 
And to them have subscribed our hands the day 
and year first above written. 

" D. NoBRis, Vic. Matthew Beale, Junb, 


George Blake 
Tho. Uphman 
Geobge Ghambebs 
John Denning 
Wm. Mayo 
James Smyth 

Will : Savage 
John Savage 
Hen: Chapman 
John Undrill 


BicHABD Amos 
William Davis. 

"We have perused these rules and by lawes, 
agreed upon by f inhabitants of Tetbury, whose 
Names are subscribed and do approve of y* same, 
and of y* persons named for Assistants to y* 
Constables, and order y* same accordingly. 

RoBT. Atkyns (L.S.) 
Tho. Estoourt (L.S.) 
J. Sheppard (L.S.)" 

These rules seem to have been rigidly enforced, 
and the town in consequence kept free from in- 
fection, as no record of the inhabitants having 
suffered in any degree from the effects of the 
plague remains. 

But not many years after, the town was visited 
with a most severe attack of Small Pox ; so severe, 
indeed, that but few of the inhabitants escaped. 
I have seen a handbill published at the time, in 
which the event is thus described : 

" The Tedbury Wonder : or a True and Exact 
list of the Names of those Persons who have had 
the Small Pox in the Town aforesaid, with the 
Number of Persons that Died, and likewise those 
that Recovered, froila the 14th of October, 1710, 


to the 27th of April, 1711. Being near Seven 
Hundred and Kfty/' * From the subjoined list, it 
appears that about eighty persons died at this 
time of that disease. 

But in general the town is ceLebrated for its 
salubrity, and many of its inhabitants have reached 
a very old age. 

The most remarkable instance on record, is that 
of old Henry West, of Upton, in this parish, who 
lived to the extraordinary age of 152 yeara The 
following account of him is extracted from the 
fly-leaf of a Bible published in 1599, now in the 
possession of Mr. J, G. Goodwyn, of Tetbury. 

Extract from au old writing in the possession 
of one of the TyreHs, a descendant of Henry West, 
formerly possessor of this Bible. 

An Aocx)unt of a very Old Man. 

"Gentlemen, — Be pleased to understand this 
following discourse, I received from the information 
of a very honest and creditable inan aa may Hve 
by breath ; and although it may seem very 
misterious and iacreditable to many, yet having, 
notwithstanding, heard it so largely and oftentimes 
made out, insomuch that I dare be bold to atest 
it, for almost an in&llible truth. 

"There was, in the days of King James the 
First, a man that lived in a small hamlet called 

* The originfil is in the i)088ession of Mr. T. A. Saunders, of 
the Croft, Tetbiuy. 


Upton, in the parish of Tetbury, his name was 
Henry West, his occupation and employment what 
it might be I know not, but in process of time, 
it came to pass that this man had the number of 
five wives. Now, by the four first he had no 
child at all ; but by his bust wife, it pleased 
Almighty Grod to give him the increase of ten 
children. Furthermore be it known, that the 
great Creator of all men, gave him such a large 
space of time to live here on earth, that he saw 
every one of these ten duldren, to have ten children 
each of them ; and afterwards, having lived to 
the age of 152 years, the Lord was to put a 
period to his time, being old and full of days. 
Now, I supose that the Uke example was not in 
any time past, nor now to be equalised or foimd 
in any part of the realm of England, or in any 
part of Europe.'' * 

ft Mr. Simon Moreau, formerly Master of the Ceremonies at 
Cheltenham, in his Tour to the Rcyal Spa (published at Bath, 
1793, by R. Cruttwell, p. 170;, notices the remarkably healthy 
air of Tetbary, and continues—" as a proof of this, the most 
extraordinary instance of longevity to be produced in this county 
is, of one Henry West, who in the reign of James L, resided 
at Upton, a hamlet in this parish. He lived to the age of 152 
years, and one of his descendants has a Bible in his possession 
wherein it is written that he had five wives ; by four, he had 
no children, but by the fifth he had ten ; and lived to see a 
hundred grandchildren, to each of whom he gave a brass pot or 

Some of these pots have recently been offered for sale to the 



Another instanoe of longevity is recorded by the 
Eev. I. Wight, formerly vicax of Tetbury, in a 
MS. on the fly-leaf of Parish Roister No. 1 : 

*' Ambrose Ind, buried Jannaiy 15, 1685, was 
106 years old when he dyed ; and having been 
blind for several years, to such a degree that he 
could not go to Church without being led, reco- 
vered his sight after he was an hundred years old, 
so that he was able to distingmsh the features of 
every one that came near him. This account 
being singular of its kind, and which I received 
of his great granddaughter, I thought worthy of 
being recorded, and which I have the greater 
reason to credit, as I find he is entered among the 
burials by the name of Old Ambrose In A* 

John Wight, Vicar.'* 

ironmongen in this town ; they were made of bell metal, and had 
the name ^ West," cast on the bottom of them. 

To show how fayonrable to long life the air of Tetbury is, 
I have extracted the names of twelve persons, with their ages, 
from one page of the Burial Register of the year 1760 : — 

James Smith, gardener, aged 92, Feb. 3. 

John Dobbins, labourer, aged 70, Feb. 4. 

Eliz. relict of John Webb, fet. 82, Feb. 9. 

John Chamberlin, aged 83, March I. 

Margaret Bymer, Widow, aged 78, March 8. 

Hester, relict of Josiah Paul, aged 76^ March 17. 

Thomas Davis, aged 7 1, March 26. 

William Ecot of Charlton, aet. 99, April 2a. 

Lydia, relict of Richard Holdy, aged 83, May 2. 

Mary, relict of Mr. Giles Body, aged 73, June 5. 



April. Whilst burying a cotpse in the meeting 
house at Tetbury, the grave being dug near a pillar 
that supported a large gallery, it was imdermined, 
and the gallery fell, and although many persons 
were under it, but fortunately only two or three 
were slightly wounded.'^ 


June 28. On this day, a desperate highwayman, 
not above 18, after robbing several people on the 
Gloucester road, met a man on his retiun from 
Tetbury Market, with a boy before him. The man 
making some demur in deUvering his watch, the 
villain pulled out a pistol and shot him dead. 
Having been soon after apprehended at a black- 
smithes on suspicion, and in his examination con- 
fronted with one whom he had robbed previously, 
he pulled out a knife and cut his throat, though 
not effectually enough to escape the gallows. He 
was tried at the ensuing Gloucester assizes, and 
received sentence of death, July 23.* 


On Friday, September 22, a melancholy affidr 

Edward Bailey, piglierd, aged 73, Not. 1L 

Mary, relict of John Chamberlin, aged 82, Nov. 15. 

The united ages of these twelve peraons amount to 962 years, 
or an average of eighty years and two months, to each life. 

7 Bead's Jaumalj Saturday, April 6, 1728. 

• Annuai Begisierj 1763, pp. 88 and 91. 


happened at Tetbury, a publican ran against a 
beam in his house, and was killed. 


Saturday, May 1 7. The wife of a tradesman at 
Tetbury, in Gloucestershire, murdered her own 
child in a shocking maimer. A short time before 
she cut up some veal and sent it to be baked, and 
then went up-stairs and found the child asleep, 
and cut off its head with the same knife, and laid 
the knife down by its side. The name of the child 
was Jane, daughter of William Ludlam. She was 
buried May 19.« 


This year, the street leading from the Market 
place to the Chipping Crofl, was widened at the 
expense of the Feoffees. It cost upwards of £400.* 


On the evening of Tuesday, the 3rd of February, 
a tremendous storm of thunder and lightning fell 
at Tetbury. The electric fluid broke a large hole 
through the steeple on the west side of the Church, 
which, if reduced to a square, would be four feet 
wide. On the south side, it made ahnost a per- 
pendicular crack, nearly six yards in length ; it 
also shattered and displaced the ribstones on the 
South- West and North- West sides, from the top to 
the bottom. Many stones were scattered about 

»/Wa; 1777, p, 244. 
1 MSS., B.C., 1788. 


the Churchyard, and one fell through a house at 
a distance. At the time, it was thought that 
the spire was so much shaken as to necessitate 
its being taken down ; but this was afterwards 
found not to be required The Church was not 
materially damaged, although many small holes 
were made in the Cloisters. It is remarkable, 
that the lightning forced its way through the 
stonework on the sides and tops of the windows, 
more than through the glaas.' 


A periodical, called "The County Oracle and 
Political Intelligencer," was in 1797 published 
fortnightly here. The motto it adopted was, " To 
please and to instruct alike our aim.** How long 
it existed is not now known. It was published 
by J. Wilton, at the Apollo Press, Tetbiuy. 


This year, when all England was alarmed by 
the prospect of an invasion by Napoleon, Tetbury 
was not behind-hand in Aimishing its quota of 
men for the defence of the country. On the 15th 
of August, 1803, a meeting was held in the Town 
Hall, Thomas Saunders, E^sq., in the chair ; at 
which it was resolved : " That, as most persons in 
this town had enrolled themselves as Volunteers, 
a Corps of In&ntry, with arms and dothes, be 
formed, in conformity with the recommendation of 

* Oenileman's Magcume^ Deer. 1789, p. 170. 


His Majesty's Secretary of State." The following 
gentlemen were appointed o£B[oers : Henry Hall 
Sloper, Esq., Captain. Robert Clark Paul, and 
John Wood, Esqrs., LieutenarUs. Henry Julius 
Biedermann, Esq., Ensign. It was also intimated 
that an additional Corps of Infantry could be fur- 
nished from the town, if required. 


On the 26 th of March, new colours were pre- 
sented to the Tetbury and Horsley Volunteers, 
under the command of Lieut.-CoL Saunders, at 
Eongsoote Park, by the Countess of Berkeley. 
On one side of the colours were the words> 
" United in defence of our King and country f 
and on the other, "Longtree Hundred." The 
colours were consecrated, and appropriate prayers 
offered by the Rev. Richard Davies, the Vicar of 
Tetbury and Horsley.' 

The principal government of the town is in the 
hands of seven Feoffees, who are the Lords of the 
Manor, and who manage its revenues and charities, 
and each year, at Michaelmas, publish a general 
statement of the income and expenditure of the 
Tetbury Charity Estates, confided to their keeping. 
The Feoffees hold a Court Leet every year, on the 
Monday nearest the 11th of October, at which 

' For a full acconnt of the presentation of these colours, 
with 4he speeches detivered on the occasion, see the Olau* 
cuter Herald of March 30, 1805. 


court a King or Queen's Bailiff is annually chosen. 
He is usually the senior Thirteen who has not 
served that office/ The Thirteen are that number 
of the "gravest, chiefest, and discreetest towns- 
men/' chosen as brethren and assistants to the 
Bailiff; they fill up vacancies in their own body 
as they occur. When a vacancy occurs in the 
number of the Feoffees, a new one is elected by 
tiie survivors, and the Thirteen. 

* Tlie duties of a King and Queen's Bailiff is to preserve 
the rights of the Sovereign within his bailiwick. A county 
was frequently so called in the writs. The term BaiUwick 
was introduced by the Princes of the Norman line in imi- 
tation of the French, whose country is divided into baili- 
wicks, as that of England into counties. —Blackstone's Cam,^ 
vol. i., p. 344. 

The word Bailiff is derived from the French, BaiUer^ to 
deliver. Dutch, Body BaUliu. A Bailiff is a person to whom 
authority, care, guardianship, or jurisdiction is delivered. 
The meaning of this word, as used by our ancestors, will 
be further illustrated by the following extracts from Chaucer 
and Wicliffe: — 

" Now brother, quod this Sompnour, I you pri^ 
Teche me, while that we ride by the way; 
(Sith that ye be a baUUf as am I) 
Som subtilee." 

Chaucer, The Freres TaUj v. 7002. 
'^And the haylyf seide withyne himself, what schal I do: 
for my lord takith away fro me the haylie; delve I may 
not: I schame to begge." — ^Wicliffe's Bibky St. Luke xvi., 3. 
— See Richardson's Dictionary^ from which the above illus- 
trations are taken. 


The Lectiirer, Schoolmaater, and the Ahnshouse 
people, are appointed by the Feoffeea 

Anciently there was another body, called the 
Twenty-fotir or C!ommonalty, from which body 
were elected annually, two constables, two war- 
dens, two camals (or assizers of bread,) two ale 
tasters, and two leather sellers. These officers are 
still elected annually from among the towns-people, 
but there is now no recognized body called the 

The Fairs of the town are held on Ash-Wednes- 
day, and July 22nd, (formerly St. Mary Magdalene 
day, to whom the Church is dedicated,) and 
on the second Wednesday in November. They 
are for cattle, sheep, &c. 

The weekly market is held on Wednesday, from 
twelve to two. The com market has been much 
improved of late years, the system now used^ 
being that of pitched samples. On an average 
one himdred and seventy quarters of wheat change 
hands every market day. It is considered one of 
the best com markets in the county, and is held in 
the Arcade, under the Assembly Boom, at the 
White Hart 

The statute fairs for hiring servants, or " mops, '^ 
as they are usually called, are held on the Wednes- 
day before the 5th of April, and the Wednesdays 
before and after the 10th of October in each year. 
A new system of registering servants who are hired, 
similar to that in use at Chippenham, and Wootton 


Bassett, has been thid year (1856) introduced, and 
seems likely to be productive of much good. 

In 1714 (according to Wanter, in his MS, 
History of Gloucestershire,) as much as ^1000 
exchanged hands in Tetbury every market day. 
The chief commodities then sold, were wool, yam, 
serge, com, bacon, cheese, and cattle ; but this trade 
has almost entirely ceased, and the market toUs 
are now let annually for about £1 4. 

Having thus given some account of the past his- 
tory of the town, we will now proceed to describe 
its present condition. 

The town of Tetbury stands on an elevated and 
commanding situation, on the high road between 
Bath and Oxford. On the whole it is well built, 
and many of the houses are of considerable an- 
tiquity. It consists principaUy of a Long Street, 
crossed at right angles by two shorter ones, that on 
the North Side leading to the spacious area, called 
the Chipping (in which the market was formerly 
held, and in which the remains of the old Cistercian 
Monastery may still be seen) ; that on the South 
to the Parish Church, from whence it derives its 

A spacious Town Hall, erected on three rows of 
solid stone pillars, occupies the central space, at the 
meeting of the streets. It was built originally in 
1655, and was a handsome and commodious build- 
ing. aa will be seen from the aooompaDying sketch. 
It was altered and enlarged in 1817, at a great 


expense, but although rendered more suitable for 
modem purposes by the alteration, its outward 
appearance has greviously suffered thereby. 

In the principal room of this building, the Feoffees 
hold their business meetings, and m it tl^e greater 
part ofthe affairs ofthe parish are transacted In 
it, also, the Petty Sessions are held fortnightly, 
on Wednesday. The names of the Magistrates 
serving on these Sessions are given below.* 

The town clock is placed above the central window 
of the Town Hall, one face of which is seen firom 
Long street, the other from Church street. It is 
much to be wished that the Chinxjh and Town 
clocks kept the same time, but at present, they 
are at perpetual variance. 

In the arcade, beneath the Town Hall, is an 
iron pump, which was erected at the expense of 
the Bev. John Wight, formerly vicar of Tetbuiy. 

^ Thomas Henry Songscote, Esq., Kingscote Park. 
Thomas Henry S. Sotheron Estcourt, Esq., M.P., 

Robert Stajner Holford, Esq., M.P., Weston Birt. 
Walter M. Paul, Esq., High Grove. 
William Brookes, Esq., Elmestree. 
Joseph Wood, Esq., The Close, Tetburj. 
Edward Dagdale Backnall Estcourt, Esq., Charlton. 
Lewis Clutterbuck, Esq., Newark Park, Ozleworth. 
John Wallington, Esq., Crudwell House, Tetbury. 
The Rev. R. W. Huntley, Boxwell Court. 
The Rev. Wm. George, Cherrington. 


It was opened for the use of the public, on Septem- 
ber 29th, 1749; other public pumps have of late 
years been erected by the Feoffeea 

A spacious area, called " the Chipping, " is situat- 
ed on the north side of the town. On it may still 
be seen, some of the ruins of the old Cistercian 
monastery ; that which now remains was probably 
the Priory House. 

An interesting Paper on this subject was ad- 
dressed by Dr. Bamett to Sir Henry EUis, the 
Secretary of the Koyal Antiquarian Society, and 
published in its Transactions.^ 

In this Paper, Dr. Bamett deems it highly proba- 
ble that the Convent in question not being suffici- 
ently commodious to accommodate the Prior, forty 
monks, and perhaps attendants, he might have had 
a separate dwelling on the spot where now stands 
the mansion called '' The Priory ;" and as an addi- 
tional reason for this, I may add, that in sinking a 
quarry a few years ago, between the two points, 
the workmen struck upon a passage, which it is 
much to be regretted was not followed up, as it 
would probably have proved to have been a sub- 
terranean passage between the Priory and private 
^eidenoe. IhTe l«en informed tu/ dwdliig waa 
called the Manor House, and an old account of 
rents paid to the Lord of the Manor in 1594, 
is conclusive on that point. 

^ ArchaUogia^ yoL zzzi., p. 513-515. 


The common seal represented the Blessed Virgin 
crowned, holding in her arms the in&nt Jesus, 
and standing between two elegant pilastres, sur- 
mounted bj a canopy ; the field diapered ; in base 
under the arch, the half figure of a monk praying. 
The legend is much flattened, so that no more of 
it can be read than 

S. C!0E . . CONVKNTVS . . De B[ingwod. 
The building stands conspicuously in the Chipping, 
but great part of it has been modernised : and it 
would appear that this alteration took place about 
the end of the reign of Elissabeth, or beginning of 
King James I., as the panelling in a smiall room 
appears of that date. Tliere remains, however, a 
considerable portion in good repair, consisting of 
refectoiy, dormitories, arches, and cellars. I was 
much struck with the appearance of this building 
some years ago ; but all my inquiries ended in the 
information, that it was known for the last eighty 
or ninety years as the **old wool loft,'' it being 
appropriated to such purpose when that commodity 
was the staple trade of the town. It evidently 
bears internal proo& of having been erected for 
monastic purposes. 
.} A Bull-ring till of late years was to be seen in 

the Chipping ; but I cannot find any record of 
buU-baiting being carried on there. The market 
wa, formJly held on this spot, «.d ^ feir for 
cattle in November is still held here. It derives 
its name from the Saxon Ceaping, a buying, mer- 


ohandiBe ;' as do also Cheapside, Chippenham, and 

A Bculway was projected in 1839, to connect the 
important manufocturing districts of Stroud, NaUs- 
worth, Tetbury, and Malmesbury, in. a direct line 
with the North and South of England. It was to 
have commenced at Cainscross, and passing by 
Bodborough, Woodchester, Nailsworth, Avening, 
Tetbury, Malmesbury, Hullavington, and Grittle- 
ton, was intended to meet the Wilts and Somerset 
line, at Thingley, near Chippenham. The line 
was surveyed throughout, and the necessary plans 
were made ; but the design was abandoned, 
through its not receiving the energetic support of 
the neighbouring landholdera We trust, however, 
that it is but laid aside for a time, and that ere 
long Tetbury will have the advantage of a Railway 
direct to the town, without which, in the present 
day, no place can be sure of any permanent pros- 

^e »pri^ riau* in this parid. ™ worthy of 
especial mention. The Bristol Avon takes its rise 
from the spring in Magdalen Meadow, which is 
one of the original sources of that river. It leaves 
the parish almost immediately, and passing by 
Brokenborough, Malmesbury, Chippenham, and 

* ^ In Saxon, Ceapman is a merchant ; Ceagnmgy commerce ; 
Cec^UnVf a markei place ; Cec^ng^ a buying, merchandise, 
&c. (See Dr. Boeworth't Angh'Saw&n Dictkmarif,) 


Bath, (where it becomes navigable,) runs to 
Bristol, and there falls into the Severn. This 
river was formerly the boundary between the 
kingdom of Wiccia, and that of the West Saxons. 

The water of the spring in Magdalen Meadow 
was famed in past years, both for its healing and 
petrifying nature. It was said to be exceedingly 
good for sore eyes, and to possess many oth^ 
excellent qualities ; but at the present time it has 
become mixed with other streams, and we are afraid 
has lost both these virtues. The following extract 
from Eiigland Displayed will shew in what esteem 
it was held when this book was published.' 

** A little to the north of this town is a meadow 
called Maudlin Meadow, because, as we were told, 
it belongs to Magdalen College, Oxford. Here the 
inhabitants shewed us the head of a spring, which 
flowing from thence runs along a hedge-trough, 
and some tops of the wood that grows in the hedge 
rotting, and falling into this rill of water, are by it 
turned to stone. We took up a great many of 
them, which are generaUy in the shape of pipes, 
(as they are commonly called,) which the peruke 
makers curl tteir hair upon, and of a whitish, Btony 
substance. We broke divers of them, and in the 
middle found generally a stick of wood, some as 
big as a goose qmll, and others larger ; some had 
but a thin stony crust about them ; in others the 

^ Page 26, pablished by Adlard and Brown, London, 1769. 


stick was no bigger than a large needle. Again, 
some had no stick in them, but only a hole through 
them like that of a tobacco-pipe ; and in some 
others we could perceive no woody substance, nor 
hole at all, but the whole was a soft kind of stone. 
Hence we guess that the sand which the water 
brings down with it, gathers and crusts about 
these sticks, and that in time the stick consumes, 
and the stony and sandy substance fills up and 
supplies its place." 

How much this spring was valued, and how 
needed it was to the inhabitants of the town, is 
shewn by the titles of the following deeds, bearing 
date in the reign of Edward HI. and Henry VII. 

" One deed wherein John de Breousa» L* of 
Tetbiuy, sonne and heyre of L"^ Thomas Breousa, 
granteth for ever to the inhabitants of Tetbuiy 
firee liberty to fetch water in Magdalen Mead, with 
simdry other dausea Dated Anno B. Edward III, 
the 30th (1357).'' 

"One deed whereby it appeareth, that John 
Lymericke, of Tetbury, gent., hath for him and his 
heyres for ever, given leave to all the inhabitants 
of Tetbuiy to fetch yrater at one, or well spring 
butting uppon Maudlen Mead, in Tetbury Field. 
Dated Jan. 19, Anno B. Hen. YH., the 2nd 

The town, however, is now well supplied with 
water, both fix>m public pumps and from the springs 
of Cutwell, Fieldwell, Worwell, limewell, Sharp's 


Well and Homewell, in the immediate neighbour- 

Magdalen Meadow is now the property of Robert 
Clark Paul Esq. 

The date of the foundation of the Alms Housb, 
which is situated near the Parish Church, cannot 
now be ascertained, with any degree of certainty. 
It is usually supposed to have bten foimded 
by Sir WiUiaL ^^, but tius, ^thout doubt, 
is erroneoua An old deed, without date, shews 
us that the spot on which it now stands was 
many centuries ago dedicated to a religious pur- 
posa Probably at the Beformation, when the 
object for which it was originally given was done 
away with, by the rejection of the superstitions 
which the Bomish Church had grafted on the 
faith of the Primitive Church, it was applied 
to its present purpose. 

The title of the deed referred to is as follows : 

"Imp"" One deed, shewing how Will" Parson 
and Xowdan his sonne, did give one peeoe of f 
land knowne to be sdttuate, lying, and being 
between the house of one Peter a Smyth, and the 
Church yarde of Tetbury, to this intente, that one 
lamph might be kept burning w^ oyle, and other 
necessaries thereunto required, in the Pish. Churdi 
of Tetbury, at the celebration of Masse for ever; 
which deed is without date, but it is signified that 
Philyp of Tetbury, Walter of Upton, Walter of 


Doughton, and Will°^ of Bodmarton, were witnessee 
to the sealing thereof" 

At the present time, eight poor women imde 
in the Alms House ; each having a room rent 
fi«e, and receivmg about 308. a year from dif- 
ferent benefactions left for that purpose. When a 
vacancy occurs, the Feoffees fill it up. 

The town of Tetbuiy is in the Eastern Division 
of the County of Gloucester, at its South-Eastem 
extremily, and in the Hundred of Longtree. Its 
population in 1851 was 3,325, and the acreage 
of the parish was 4,582. It is a hundred miles 
from London, twenty-three from Bath, twenty-five 
fifom Cheltenham, twenty-five from Bristol, twenty- 
one from Gloucester, fifteen firom Chippenham, ten 
from Cirencester, and six and a half from the 
Tetbury Bead Station, of the Great Western 

According to the Ecclemastical Division, the 
parish is in the Deanery of Stonehouse,^ the Arch- 

B The p^irishes in the Deanery of Stonehouse are, 

Avening, R. Coberley, R. Rodborongh, R. 

NaUfiworth, C. Cowley, R. Misendon, R. 

BiAley, y. Eastrington, R. Nympsfield, R. 

Bussage, P.O. Edgeworth, R. Painswick, Y. 

Chalford, P.C. Elkstone, R Shepscombe, P.C. 

Oakridge, P.C. Hordey, V. Slad, P.C. 

Brimpsfield, Wilts. Minchinhampton, R. Rodmarton, R. 

Cranbam, R. Amberley, R. Sapperton, R. 

Cherrington, R. Briiucombe, R. Shipton Moyne, R. 


deaconiy of Gloucester, and the united Diooeses of 
Gloucester and Bristol 

The town is in Lat. 51' 38' N., Long. 2' 11' W. 
The length of the parish from East to West is 
about five miles. The town is about a mUe and 
a half in circumference, and in 1851 contained 674 

The principal hotels are, the White Hart, kept 
by Mr. Bichard Bannister, and the Talbot, by 
Mr. James Webb. The Assembly Booms, at the 
former, were erected at the expense of B. S. 
Holford, Esq., in 1851-2. 

The Poor Bates for this parish, at a shilling in 
the pound, amounted in 1855 to £1,282 18s. 2|d. ; 
and the Paving and Lighting Bate in the same 
year to £61 6a 2d. 

In 1803, the money raised by the Parish 
Bates, at a shilling in the pound, amounted to 
£1,641 15s. 5^.» 

There are Places of Worship in the town for 
Baptists, Wesleyans, Plymouth Brethren, and 

The Tetbuby Savings Bank was instituted 
at a meeting held in the Town Hall, on Monday, 

Stanley Begis, B. Stroad, P.C. Winstone, R. 

St. Leonard's, P.C. Whiteshill, P.G Woodchester, B 
Stonehoose, Y. Syde, B. 

St. Matthew, P.O. Tetbuiy, V. 

' CarMe'd Topo^raphf. 


the 8th September, 1817 ; Henry, sixth Duke of 
Beaufort, in the chair. The first officers appointed 
were: PresideTUy The Duke of Beaufort Vice- 
PresidentSy Lord Dude, Lord Viscount Andover, 
Sir C. B. Codrington, Bart., R. P. (Jordon, Esq., 
M.P., Robert Blagden Hale, Esq., Joseph Pitt, 
Esq., M.P. TrusteeSy Thomas Estcourt, George 
Holford, M.P., Robert Kingscote, John Paul 
Paul, David Bicardo, Thomas Smith, and Edward 
Sheppard, Esqrs. 

At the end of the first year, (28th October, 
1818,) the sum received from depositors amounted 
to £4,743 lis. 7d At the year ending 20th 
November, 1855, the number of depositors was 
1,430, and the sum deposited amounted to 
£40,994 9& 2d In addition to this, thirteen 
charitable societies had in the bank £582 16a lid., 
and five friendly societies £506 19s. lid, making 
in the whole £42,084 68. These figures alone 
afford ample proof of the great success of this 
ii^itution, and of the manner in which it is 
appreciated by the inhabitants of Tetbiuy and 
the surrounding neighbourhood 

The Savings Bank is open every Wednesday, 
from twelve to one, to receive and repay de- 
posita Interest at the rate of three per cent, is 
allowed on all monies exceeding a pound, which 
remain above a year in the Bank. The managers 
(selected by the Superintending Committee from 
the neighbouring Clergy and Gentry,) are in 


ntimber about forty. Two attend every Wed- 
nesday in rotation. Mr. Francis Brown is the 

The Tetbuby Dispensaky was established at 
a meeting held in the Town Hall, on Monday, 
the 28th of September, 1818 ; Thomas Estcourt, 
Esq., in the chair. At this meeting the following 
oflSicers were appointed: President, Thomas Est- 
court, Esq. Vice-Presidents, George Holford, 
M.P., Joseph Pitt, M.P., John Paul Paul, Robert 
Kingscote, John de la Field Phelps, Esqrs., and 
the Rev. Edmund William Estcourt. Surgeon, 
Richard Filkin, Esq. Secretary, Mr. James Myles. 

An annual sermon on behalf of the Dispensary 
was formerly preached in Tetbury Church. The 
first was in 1819, by the Hon. and Right Rev. 
Henry Ryder, Lord Bishop of Gloucester, when 
£40 6s. was collected 

In 1828, two silver goblets were presented by 
the subscribers to the Dispensary to Richard 
Filkin, Esq., "for his able and gratuitous ser- 
vices during the several years that had elapsed 
from the formation of the Institution." A piece 
of plate, for similar services, was presented by 
the subscribers to F. R White, Esq., in 1840. 

In 1853, an arrangement was made, by 
which it was agreed that it should be left 
to the option of each patient, to which of the 
medical gentlemen he or she should apply. 
Each annual subscriber of a guinea is allowed 


six tickets ; one of these signed by the subscrir 
ber. is given to each pa^nt. who carries it 
to the medical officer, and he, for the small sum 
of 3a 6d., (the cost of the ticket to the sub- 
scriber,) suppHe^ the patient with attendance 
and medicine for eight weeks. If any subscri- 
l«r wishes for additional tioketo, he L obtain 
them on the payment of 3s. 6d. for each ticket. 
This system has been found to answer well, 
and, during the past year (1854-55,) 160 
patients were relieved in this manner.^ 

1 It will be seen by the following returns tbat this is the 
largest number of patients relieved in any one year since 
the establishment of this Institution. 

At the end of the first year 12th of October, 1819, 

there remained on the books 33 

Admitted between 10th of October, 1819, and 
12th of October, 1820 119 


Of which have been cured and relieved • . . 119 

Died 2 

Bemained on the Books 81 


In 1853. Remained on the books .... 17 
Admitted, Oct. 1852, to Oct. 1853 .... 126 



The income of the Dispensary for the year 
ending Midsummer, 1855, (including a donation 
of £15, from Miss Charlotte Estcoiut, of the 
Priory, Long Newnton,) amounted to £46 6s. 6d 

The present honorary secretary is Robert 
Clark Paul, Esq. 

The Tetbury Institute was established at 
a meeting held for that purpose on February 
16th, 1855, Josiah T. Paul, Esq., in the chair. 

The object of its institution, as stated in its 
rules, is "the promotion of the moral and intel- 
lectual character of its members, by means of — 1st, 
a Reading Room, — 2nd, a Library, — 3rd, Lectures." 

The subscribers are of three classes : — 

L Those who pay a guinea annually have 
access to the Reading Room^ at all times of its 
being open. 

IL Those who pay half-a-guinea annually 
have access to the room from 5 to 10, p.m. 

III. All apprentices and mechanics who pay 
Is. a quarter are admitted from 7 to 10, p.m. 

The Library, which at present consists of 
about 200 volumes, is open for the purpose of 
taking out bodes every Wednesday evening, 
from 8 to 9. 

Of which there were cured or relieved . . . 122 

Died 4 . . . . 4 

Remaining on the books 17 



The niimber of subscribers in the different 
classes at present (Michaehnas, 1856,) are as 
follows : — 

Ist Qass 22 

2nd Class 19 

3rd Class 30 

The officers for 1856 are as follows : President, 
The Vicar of Tetbury. Vice-Presidents^ T. H. 
Sotheron Estcourt, Esq., M.P., R. S. Holford, 
Esq., M.P., E. D. B. Estcourt, Esq., Joseph 
Wood, Esq., Josiah T. Paul, Esq., and the Rev. 
Alfred T. Lee. R C. Paul, Esq., is the Hon. 
Secretary, Mr. George Pride the Librarian. 
Mr. J. W. Keillor the Hon. Treasurer. 

The Reading Room is at Mr. Samuel Fowles, 
in Church Street, where the library is also kept. 

The income of the Institute for the year ending 
Lady-day, 1856, was £45 9s. 9^d. 

The approach to Tetbury from Bath is by 
means of a bridge erected ax^ross a valley, which 
was formerly a very dangerous and steep access 
to the town. It was agreed to be built by a 
Commission held on Friday, Nov. 4th, 1774,^ at 

^ Tlic Commissioners were : 

I. Henry Duke of Beaufort, (great-grandfather oJf 

the present Dnke.) 
2. Dr. Ilardwick, of Chipping Sodbnry, 


the Gross Hands, Old Sodbuiy, and somewhat 
more than £500 was allowed for that piirpose. 

Mr. Thomas Webb, of Tetbury, was the ar- 
chitect ; and the levelling was commenced Nov. 
8th, 1774, and the bridge finished in April, 

The Wiltshire Bridge, on the east side of the 
town, is the approach from Malmesbnry. It is 
situated partly in Gloucestershire and partly in 
Wiltshire ; and each county keeps in repair the 
portion belonging to it. The date of its original 
erection I have not been able to ascertain. 

The number of voters for the Eastern Division 
of the County, in virtue of property situated in 
this parish, was 164 in 1855. At the last con- 
tested election, in January, 1854, the number 
of votes for each candidate was as follows : 

3. Rev. Dr. Bosworth, of Tortworth. 

4. Mr. John Paul, of Tetbuiy. 

6. Mr. Robert Clark, of Tetbuiy. 

6. Mr. Richard Tugwell, of Tetbuiy. 

7. Rev. John Savage, of Tetbury. 

8. Mr. Faston, of Horton. 

9. Rev. Mr. Bliss, of Tormarion. 

10. Mr. Henry Stephens, of Leighterton. 

11. Mr. Cowcher, of Didmarton. 

12. Rev. Dr. Penny, of Cromhall. 

13. Mr. Phillimore, of Dursley. 

14. T. Estcourt Creswell, Esq., of Pinkney. 

15. Mr. Hicks, of Wickwar. 


Sir Michael Hicks Beach, Bart. (Conser- 
vative) 115 

Edward Holland, Esq. (Liberal) ... 18 

Majority for Sir M. H. Beach. . 97 

which shews that the politics of this parish 
are undeniably Conservative. 

The Tetbuby Union (which is one of the 
smaUest in the kingdom,) includes the parishes* 
of Tetbury, Shipton Moyne, Weston Birt, with 
Lasborough, Ozleworth, Beverstone, Oldbury- 
on-the-hill, Didmaxton, Kingscote, Cherington, 
Newington Bagpath, Boxwell with Leighterton, 

' The acreage and population of these parishes in 1851 was 
as follows : 

Popnlatloii In No. of 

Na o' Acres. 1851. OuardUna 

1. Tetbury 4582 8325 3 

2. Shipton Moyne 2298 403 

3. Weston Birt, with Lasborough 1909 234 

4. Ozleworth 1114 88 

5. Beverstone 2360 199 

6. Oldbury-on-the-Hill ... 1342 485 

7. Didmarton 719 101 

8. Kingscote 1810 297 

9. Cherington 1880 220 

10. Newington Bagpath . . . 2131 239 

11. Boxwell, with Leighterton. . 2266 285 

12. Ashley 946 84 

13. LongNewnton 2289 294 

25,646 6264 15 



in the county of Gloucester, Ashley and Long 
Newnton, in the County of Wilts. 

The Workhouse, which is a large and com- 
modious building, is situated on Gumpstool 
Hill ; Mr. D. W. Smith is the master, and also the 
reUeving oflScer for this union ; William Maskelyne 
Esq., is the clerk to the Guardians; Mr. John 
Hole is the parish surgeon. 

The population of the town has gradually 
increased since the commencement of the 
present century. The following are the returns 
of the number of the inhabitants in every de- 
cennial period since 1801, when the Census re- 
turns first commenced.* 


















































In 1735 the town appears, according to an old 
retiun, to have been in a very flourishing condi- 
tion, the number of its inhabitants was 3115, and 
the number of families 970; of these 2818 were 
members of the Church. 235 were Presbyterians, 
and 38 were Baptists. 

* These returns are taken from the Census tables published 
by the authority of Government. 


The proportion of arable to pastiire land in 
the parish, at the time of the taking of the 
tithe apportionment, was as follows : — 


In the Tithing of ^. ^ ,. ^ lu p. a. ». f. 

Tetbury - - 133 1 28 887 2 5 4 1 29 

Charlton- - 500 1 7 503 1 19 30 19 

Elmestree > 193 3 3 314 1 19 5 3 28 

Upton - - 117 2 22 673 2 7 4 3 22 

Doughton - 299 1 16 324 5 2 

1244 1 36 2702 3 10 50 3 18 
Glebe land in 

Tetbury - - 6 16 

Charlton- - 67 1 20 12 1 12 

Exempt from 

Tithe* in 

Tetbury - - 27 1 31 226 1 8 

1339 1 7 2947 2 36 50 3 18 


Arable 1339 1 7 

Pasture 2947 2 36 

Woodland - - - - 50 3 18 

4337 3 21 

•The Hamlet of Doughton is situated to the 
South of Tetbury, about a mile and a half on 

* This is the Grange Farm. All estates held by Cistercian 
Abbeys were tithe free. 


the road to Bath. At the entrance of the vil- 
lage, is Highgrove, the residence of Walter M. 
Paul, Esq., the Lord of the Manor. It is a hand- 
some stone building, surrounded by park-like 
grounds. It was erected in the years 1796» 
1797, and 1798, by John Paul Paul, Esq. 
Doughton Cottage is the residence of the Rev. 
Robert Dyer. There are two substantial farm- 
houses here, the old Manor House formerly the 
famUy residence of the Talboys, now occupied 
by Mr. John Elnight, and that in which Mr. 
Robert Tanner resides. 

EtiMESTBEE, (the ancient Elmundestree,) is im- 
mediately beyond Doughton. The present Manor 
House is a handsome structure, built in the 
Elizabethan style by William Brookes, Esq., 
the present Lord of the manor, in 1845. It is 
situated about half a mile distant from the 
Bath Road, and is approached by an avenue, 
at the foot of which there is a lodge. 

The Hamlet of Upton lies to the N.W. of 
Tetbury, about a mile distant, on the road to 
Nailsworth and Stroud. Upton Grove, the 
property of R S. Holford, Esq., (formerly the 
residence of the Saunders' family, who built it, 
and now that of Nathaniel F. Ellison, Esq.,)' is 
prettily situated on the road to Upton ; it is 
surrounded by meadow land, in which there are 
many fine trees. Upton House, the property of 
Maurice Maskelyne, Esq., in which Lieut.-CoL 

2 '^^ 


Boyds now resides, is a handsome stone building, 
erected in 1752, by John Cripps, Esq. K S. 
Holford, Esq., is Lord of the manor. 

The Hamlet of Chablton lies to the W. of 
the town, and on the road to Beverstone^ and 
contiguous to it. It contains but few inhabi- 
tants ; the principal residents are Edward D. 
Estcourt, Esq., and Mr. Richard Barber. 

I shall conclude this chapter with a few 
words on the derivation of the name of Tetbury. 

Sir Bobert Atkyns, Rudder, and other His- 
torians of Gloucestershire, have agreed in the 
opinion that Tetbury, in the time of the Britains, 
was called Caer Bladon. This opinion is founded 
on an obscure passage of Camden, in which he 
quotes firom the Eulogium Historiarum, as men- 
tioned in page 4. I cannot but think that 
the words, "and called it Caer Bladon,*' refer 
not to Tetbury, but to Malmesbury ; and I am 
confirmed in this opinion by finding that Taimer. 
in his Notitia MonoMica, caUs Malmesbuiy by 
this name, and also Ingelboume. 

Had the name Caer Bladon applied to Tetbury, 
its derivation woTild be easily accounted for ; 
since "Caer," in the language of the Britains, 
signifies a fortified place, and the River Avon, 
which rises in this parish, is called by andent 
British Historians Bladon, or Badon ; so that 

* Tanner*8 NoUUa Mantutioay under the head of Malmeabiiry. 


Caer Bladon would signify a fortress on the 
Eiver Bladon. But this reasoning applies with 
much greater force to Malmesbury, which was 
from the first a more important place than 
Tetbury, and possessed from early times a cele- 
brated Monastery, and also a Castle, which Castle 
(says Camden) probably belonged to the Bishop 
of the West Saxons, and, in all probability, is 
the place from whence the Charters of Eleutherius 
to Aldhelm, the Abbot of Malmesbury, are thus 
dated, ** Actum publico juxta flumen Badon/' 

Rejecting, then, the opinion that Tetbury was 
anciently called Caer Bladon, I proceed to in- 
vestigate the probable origin of the name. When 
the Saxons overspread the country, they re-chris- 
tened most of the places which they became 
possessed of, but this was not universaQy the 
case. They sometimes tried to call them by 
the names which the British had bestowed upon 
them, but in this they generally failed. How- 
ever, they usually retained a part of the British 
appellation, to which they added a descriptive 
t-erm of their own, taken from their own lan- 
guage ; and thus a name was produced which 
on other grounds would be diOGicult to account 
for. Several names in the neighbourhood of 
Tetbury, may be derived in this manner; thus, 
•^Tresham" is, obviously, " Tre," British for 
houses or viQage, and **Ham," the Saxon for 
enclosure. Cotswold, from " Coed," British for 


wood, and "wold,'' Saxon for the same. IGngB- 
cote, "KingV Saxon, because it belonged to 
the Saxon monarchs, and "coed," wood In 
the same way, the name of Tetbury may pro- 
bably be derived. It is not composed simply 
of Saxon words, and is probably, as in the 
instances given above, derived partly jfrom the 
British, partly from the Saxon. Thus, "Tedd" 
in British, signifies an open space, an expanse, 
which may, perhaps, apply to the Cotswold 
Plain, in this direction, and " Bury ^ is the 
Saxon for a place of some strength ; so that 
the composite word " Tedd-bury," would signify 
a fortress in an open plain. And when we 
remember that in British and Saxon times, and 
also in that of King Stephen, Tetbury un- 
doubtedly possessed a Castle, we shall see at 
once the appropriateness of the name, and the 
probability of the derivation above mentioned. 



Account of the Lords of the Manor. 

I. Teibwjf. — ^Fonner and Present Power of Lords of Manors, — Siward 
—Roger de Iveri,— The S. Walorick's,— The De Braose's,-— Berke- 
ley's. S. JD0119AI011.— Earl of Warwick,— De Braose's,— Robert 
de Doaghton, — De Stonore's, — ^Edward Dnke of York, — Elizabeth 
Qaeen of Henry VIL,—Talboy*s,— Paul's. 8. C5»ft».— Alnric,— 
Roger de Iveri, — De Braose's, — Tame's, — Yenkey*s, — HantleyX — 
Dncie's,— R S. Holford, Esq. 4. CharlUm.—De Braose's,— William 
de Ballecot,— Mortimer's,— Cicely, Dnchess of York,— R 8. Holford, 
Esq. 5. Ehiestree.'S. Walerick's,— Westbnry College,--Sir Ralph 
Sadleir, — ^TheTooke's, — Deacon's, — Jenner's, — ^Brookes*. 

Lords of the manor had formerly much larger 
jurisdiction than they have at present. William 
the Conqueror divided England into thirty 
thousand baronies, which henceforth were called 
manors. The present Lords were styled Earls, 
the lesser Barons ; manors were formerly called 
baronies, as they are still called lordships, and 
each Baron was empowered to hold a court 
baron for redressing grievances within his manor. 
Itis court fon,4 w- an inaepa«ble p^ 
of eveiy manor, but since the passmg of 9 & 
10 Victoria^ a 95, sec. 14, the Lords of the 
manor may surrender to the Crown the right 


of holding such court ; and therefore, in many 
cases the right to hold it has ceased. 

In the time of Edward the Confessor, accor- 
ding to Domesday, Siward was Lord of the 
manor of Tetbury. Eoger de Oily was a great 
Mend and warm supporter of WilUam the Con- 
queror ; on his marriage with Aldith, the only 
daughter of Wigod de Walengeford, the king 
bestowed on him large estates, and among others, 
probably the manor of Tetbury, He and Roger 
de Iveri, (who at the time of the Domesday siu*- 
vey, was Lord of Tetbury,) were sworn friends ; 
and to him it was that Roger de Oily granted 
that Honour which afterwards came to the S. 
Walericks', and was called from them the 
Honour of S. Walerick. 

This Roger was the son of William de Iveiy, 
who held one knight's fee in the Bailiwick of 
Tenechebrai in Normandy, by the service of 
cup-bearer to the Duke of Normandy, and 
three other fees in the same liberty, as also 
eight fees and a half in the Town and Castle 
of Ivery. Roger de Iveri enjoyed the same 
honour of cup-bearer to WiUiam, King of England, 
which his &ther had held whilst he was Duke 
of Normandy. 

He married Adeline, eldest daughter of H\igh 
de Grentmaisnil and Adelidis his wife, and died 
in 1079, and left a widow, (who had inheri- 
tance of land in Charlton in O* Wilts, &c.,) and 


three sons, Roger who sucoeeded him in the 
barony, and became cup-bearer to the King, 
Hugh, and Jeffiy, who on the death of his 
elder brothers, without issue, came into all their 

This femily of Ivery was descended fiom one 
Rodulph, half-brother to Bichard the First, Duke 
of Normandy, who, killing a monstrous bear, 
when himting with his brother Duke, was by 
him, for that service, rewarded with the castle 
of Ivery, on the river TEvre ; and had from 
thence the title of Comes de Ibreio.* 

On the death of the above mentioned Jefiry 
de Iveri without issue, in 1112, his lands fell 
into the hands of the King, who soon after 
bestowed them on Guy de S. Walerick, the 
father of ReginsJd de S. Walerick, who had been 
a faithful friend of his, and was now a great 
favourite with the King.* 

Soon after this, Beginald de S. Walerick* 

' Both Aikjns and Badder spell this name '< Lueri." Bishop 
Kennett in his Parochial Antiquities, Vol. i, p. 79, speaks 
of the gro88 mistake made by the author of the Introduction 
to the old English History, in calling Roger de Iveri by 
the name of Boger de Lueri. 

3 Eennett's Parochial Antiquitieay vol. i., p. 112. 

' So called from a port of Normandy of that name. S. 
Walerick was in 589, made Abbot of a Monastery in that 
port, by Eong Clothaire. Guy de S. Walerick, the ancestor 
of this family was a learned advocate of that place, and 


was Lord of the manor of Hasildene, near Tet- 
bury. He founded there in 1140, the Cistercian 
Monastery, which afterwards was removed, from 
want of water, to Tetbury, and afterwards about 
1170, from want of wood, from Tetbury, (with 
the consent of Bernard de S. Walerick, the son 
of Reginald,) to Kingswood, where it remained 
tiU the dissolution of the monasteries. 

Maud de S. Walerick, the heiress of this family, 
was married to the great William de Braosa, 
Lord of Brecknock, son of William de Braosa, 
and Berta, daughter of Milo de Gloucester, 
Earl of Hereford ; and grandson of William de 
Braosa, who came into England with William 
the Conqueror, and who was an eminent bene- 
factor to the monks of S. Florence, at Saumares/ 

married Papia, daughter of Richard II, Duke of Normandj. 
Rodnlph de S. Walerick, a son of his, came over with 
William the Conqueror. Reginald de 5. Walerick, founded 
the Cistercian monastery at Hasildean, which was after- 
wards removed to Tethury. Bernard de S. Walerick married 
Adela de Pontieu, heir to the lordship of S. Albine, near 
Dieppe, in Normandy, and in 1160, founded a Church at 
Tetbury, and dedicated it to the Blessed Virgin Mary. 
Thomas de S. Walerick, the last heir male, gave the ad- 
vowson of the Church at Tetbury to Eynesham Abbey, 
Oxfordshire in 1196. He died in 1219, and left Eleanor, 
his only daughter and heiress, married to Robert, Earl of 
Dreux, in France. — See Sir Robert Atkyns's History of 
OhucesUTy p. 330. 

* Dugdale's Baronage^ p. 414. 

William de Braosa, in addition to his paternal 
land, inherited large estates from his mother, 
and also received from King John a grant of 
part of the lands of Tetburie. He was a 
personage of great power and influence, in the 
reign of Henry II. and Eichard I. ; from the 
former of whom, in the twenty-foxjrth year of 
his reign, he obtained a grant of the whole 
kingdom of Limerick, in Ireland, for the service 

Tbe Anna o( De Braon. 

of sixty knights' fee, to be held by the King 
and his younger son John. He gave the 
King 1 ,000 marks of silver, for his part of 
the Honor of Barnstaple, in Devonshire. After 
the accession of King John, be for many years 
enjoyed the favour of that monarch, and his 
power and poeseesions were augmented by divers 
grants from the Crown. But in the tenth 
year of his reign, when the kingdom lay 


under an interdict, John deemed it expedient 
to demand hostages from the Barons to ensure 
their alliance, should the Pope absolve them 
from their obedience to the Crown. On the 
King's o£B[cers coming on this mission to the 
Baron de Braose, they were met by his wife 
Maud, who peremptorily informed them, that 
she would not intrust any of the children to 
the king, who had so basely murdered his own 
nephew. Prince Arthur. De Braose rebuked 
her for speaking thus, but offered, if he had 
offended the king, to make satis&ction, but 
refused to gi^e hostages. This answer being 
communicated to the king, he immediately 
transmitted an order to seize the Baron's person; 
but he having received notice of the King's 
intention, fled with his family to Ireland.* 
Matthew Paris, who puts his death at 1212, 
says, "that he fled from Ireland to France, 
and dying at Ebuk, his body waa carried to 
Paris, and there honourably buried in the abbey 
of S. Victor." Matthew of Westminster relates, 
that in 1210, "the noble lady, Maud, wife of 

^ King John went to Karrickfergus in pnrsuit of Maud 
de Braosa. When he arrived there, Duncan de Carrie, of 
Gralway, informed him that thej had taken her and her 
daughter, wife of Roger de Mortimer's son, and her son 
William de Braosa. King John returned with them to 
Bristol. — Dugdale's Baronage* 


William de Braose, with William their son and 
heir, were miserably fiaanished at Windsore, by 
the command of King John ; and William, her 
husband, escaping firom Scorham, put himself into 
the habit of a beggar, and privately getting 
beyond sea, died soon after at Paris, where he had 
burial in the Abbey of S, Victor." 

These historians differ as to the date of William 
de Braose's death ; but there can be but little 
doubt that the facts they relate are substantially 
correct, as they were nearly his contemporariea 

It is observed (Dugdale's Baron., p. 418,) that 
William de Braose, in his usual communication, 
would reverently use the Name of God, viz. : 
" In God's name, let this he done ;" or, " if it 
please God ;" or, " by God^s grace f so likewise, in 
all the letters that he wrote. Moreover, that in 
his journeys, whensoever he came into a Chui^^h. or 
beheld a Cross, though he were then discoursing 
with another, he would leave off, and betake 
himself to his devotions ; and, having said his 
prayers, return to his former discourse. Likewise, 
when he met any children in the way, he would 
salute them courteously, to the end he might 
have a return, with the Benediction of the 

William de Braose,* by his marriage with Maud 

6 The seal of William de Braose is affixed, in the year 1301, 
to the letter from the Barons of £ug1and to Boni&ce YIIL, 


de S. Walerick had ten sons and five daughters ; 
William famished with his mother at Windsor ; 
Giles, Bishop of Hereford, died in 1215 ^; Eegi- 
nald, Roger, PhiUp, Thomas, Walto:-, John, Henry, 
and Bernard Maud married Griffiths, Prince of 
Wales; Berta to William Beauchamp of Elmley, 
Margery to Walter de Lacy ; Loretta to Bobert 
Rtz Pemd, Earl of Leicester, and Flandrina.* 
B^nald married Graecia, daughter and co-heir 
of WiUiam de Bruere, and died 6 Hen. HI., and 
had issue, William de Braose, who married Eve, 

respecting the sovereignty of Scotland. This seal is remarkable 
both from its containing a very earions reverse, and from the in- 
flcripiion round it as engraved, being different from what actnallj 
appears on the seal The legend on the plate is 

+ S: Willi: de: Breotse: Dni: de : Goweb 
but several words after Gowcr were clearly inscribed, and of 
which two only are distinct, these are . . Db Brembeb • • 

The reverse, which is of an oval form, and much smaller 
than the other seal, contains a lion passant, holding a bird in 
his paws ; the neck of the lion appears fretted^ and at his feet 
is a cross moline, but which is not noticed in the engraving. — 
Archceloffia, vol. xxi., p. 207. 

^ Giles de Broase was consecrated Bishop of Hereford 
Sept. 24th, 1200, (Hoved et Matt. West.) in the Chapel of 
6. Catherinei's at Westminster, together with John, Bishop of 
Norwich. He died at Gloucester, on the Ides of Nov. (13th 
Nov.,) 1216, (Pat. 17, Johan. M. 12,) and was buried in 
Hereford CathedraL He was succeeded in the Bishopric by 
Hugh de Mapenore, Dean of Hereford. (Le Neve's Fasti Eccles. 
Anffl. p. 468, by T. IX Hardy, 1854. 

^ ColUctcmea Oeneahgiea H Topograpkicaj vol. vL p. 58« 


daughter of Walter MarescLal, and sister to 
Richard Mareschal, Earl of Pembroke. This 
William was invited to an Easter Feast, and 
treacherously murdered by Leweline, Prince of 
Wales, being suspected by him of overmuch 
fiuniliarity with his wife. He left issue, four 
daughter& Isabel was married — ^first, to David, 
the son of Leweline, Prince of Wales ; secondly, 
to Peter Fitz Herbert ; Maud, to Roger, Lord 
Mortimer of Wigmore ; Eve, to William de Can- 
tilupe ; Eleanor, to Humphrey de Bohun. In 
these four daughters, co-heiresses, ended the line 
of Regindd dX^ 

We return now to that of his elder brother 
William, famished at Windsor. He married 
Maud, daughter of R Earl of Clare, and had 
issue, John, sumamed Tadody, and Annora. John 
married Maigaret, daughter of Leweline, Prince 
of Wales. She survived him, and married 
secondly, Walter de ClifforA He held the Manor 
of Tetbury, with markets, fairs, courtleets, waifs 
and free warren ; and his right was allowed in a 
writ of qtio warrantOy 15 Edwayrd I. (1287.) 
When his &ther William died, he was a minor, 
and he was privately nursed at Gower, by a 
Welsh woman. His lands were committed to 
the custody of his imcle Giles, Bishop of Hereford, 
and ailer his dealh, in 1215, to his unde Reginald. 
On his coming of age, he gave up all his lands 
in Wales to his uncle Reginald, and they were 


finaily divided amongst his four grand-daughters. 
John de Braose received a summons from the 
King to defend his own marches against Leweline 
of Griffin ; and the next year he was ordered to 
attend the King at Chester. He died at his 
Castle of Brembre, 16 Hen. III., from a fall 
from his horse, his foot having caught in the 
stirrup. By his marriage with Mai^garet Leweline, 
he had a son William, who married three times 
— first, Isabel, daughter of Gilbert de Clare, by 
whom he had WiUiam, his son and heir ; secondly, 
Agnes, daughter of Nicholas de Molis, by whom he 
had Giles de Braose, Ent. ; thirdly, Maiy, daughter 
of William, Lord Bos of Hamlake, and widow of 
Balph de Cobham, and afterward wife of Thomas 
of Brotherton, Earl of Norfolk, by whom he had 
Bichard, Peter, William, and Mai^ret. 

This William de Braose, in 41 Hen. IIL 
(1255,) assisted the King against Leweline ap 
Griffin ; and 42 Hen. III. attended the King at 
Chester ; in 48 Hen. III. he undertook that the 
King ^ould stand to the award of Louis IX., 
King of France, touching the differences between 
him and the Barons ; in 14 Edward I., having 
served with the King in Wales, he received 
scutage* of all his tenants in Surrey, Sussex, 

^ Scutage, from Latin scutum^ a shield, whereon thej wore a 
device or military distinction. All tenants who held from the 
king by military service, were bound to attend personally in 
wars and expeditions ; or, in default of personal service, a 


Wilts, GfUmcesler, and Dorset He died 19 Ed. I. 
(1291.) and was succeeded by his son, 

William de Braosb, who greatly distinguished 
himself in the reign of King Edward I. In the 
twentynsecond year of the reign of this king, on 
June 8th, he was summoned to attend the King 
on afl^rs of state : and in September of the same 
year he sailed from Portsmouth to Gascoigne on the 
Eling^s service ; 25 Edw. L, he attended the King 
to Flanders ; 28 Edw. I., he was in Scotland on 
the King's service ; 29 Edw. I., he was there again, 
in the retinue of the Prince of Wales ; 32 Edw. I., 
he was summoned to Parliament as a Baron. In 
14 Edw. II., he sold his lands of Gower. Thomas 
de Walsingham says of this William, that he waa 
** PercHves a parenteld^ sed dissipator substanttof 
sibi r dicta f" — ^a person of large patrimony, but 
a great spendthrift. He was summoned to all 
the Parliaments, from 25 Edw. I, to 16 Edw. III. 
He died in 1322, when the Barony of Gower fell 
into abeyance. He married Aliva> daughter of 
Thomas de Moulton, and had issue, two daughters. 
Aliva^ married to John de Mowbray, and Joane 

Kutagt^ or composition tax on ev^ry BciUum mUiUare or knight's 
fee, and the proportional parts were assessed and levied for the 
king's use. The barons and knights, when thej paid acutage 
to the king, had power to levy the same tax of their tenants, 
who held from them in military service. This power WiDiam 
de Braose exercised when called upon to support Edward I. in 
his ^ars as seen above. (See Bp. Kennet's Parooh. Antiq.i in verb.) 


to John de Bohun, of Midhurst. Hugh de Spenser 
purchased from Aliva the inheritance of the lord- 
ahips which her grandmother, Mary daughter of 
Lord Bos, had for life. The lands so purchased, 
formed part of the Barony of Brembre. 

WruAAM JOB Braose, the son of John de Bradse 
and Isabel de Clare, gave to his half-brother, Peter 
de Braose> the Manor of Tetbuiy, which he 
assigned to Agnes, his wife, at the Church porch, and 
died 5 Edw. II. (1312.) leaving Thomas, his son 
and heir, and a daughter Beatrix. This Thohaa 
DjB Bbaose was of great renown in the French and 
Scottish wars of King Edward He was sum- 
moned to aU the Parliaments, from 1 6 Edw. III. to 
27 Edw. III. He had a grant of a fiur at Tetbuiy, 
29 Edw. III. (1356.) He married Beatrix, 
daughter of Boger de Mortimer, and widow of 
Edward Plantagenet^ son and heir of Thomas, 
Earl of Norfolk (a younger son of King Edward 
L,) and had issue, John^ Thomas and Peter, and 
two daughters, Elizabeth and Joane; upon each 
of whom, and the heirs of their respective bodies 
successively, the Manors of Bidlington, Segwike, 
and Choreswoiili in Sussex ; Bokham, Meworth, 
and Brownslep in Surrey ; Maniford in Wilts ; 
Tethury in Ghucesterakire t and Wirthorp in 
Yorkshire, were^ entailed, after the death of their 
mother, by deed under his seal, dated at Boaeham, 
46 Edw. HI. Lord Thomas de Braose died in 
1361, and was succeeded by his son. 


John db Braose, who married Elizabeth, 
daughter of Edward de Montagu, died without 
issu^ on the 3id of Feb., 41 Edw. III. (1368,) at 
whidi time he was seized of the Manors of Wir- 
thorp, in the county of York, and Tetbury in 
Gloucestershire, which Manors had been settled on 
him and his wife and the heirs of his body, with 
reversion to Beatrix, his mother, to whom they 
accordingly passed His brother Thomas was 
found his next heir. He survived his mother, 
and became heir of Tetbury, &a, upcm her death, 
7 Back IL (1384.) He also survived his brother 
Peter and both his sisters, and died without issue, 
19 BicL IL (1396.) * 

The Lady Beatrix, widow of Lord Thomas de 
Braose, was seized of the Manor (7 Bichard H., 
1384.) She died before her son Thomas ; and 
at his death t^e estates passed to his cousin, 
Elizabeth, daughter of William Lord Say, who 
had married — first, John de Falvesley, Lord of 
Falvesley, in the county of Northampton, and 
secondly. Lord Heron, of Applynden. Lord Heron 
died without issue, 30th October, 1404.* 

Margaret, the widow of Sir John Berkeley, 
and whose first husband was Sir Thomas de 
Braose, held in dower the Manor of Tetbiury of 

> The above particulars respecting the Braose family are to be 
found in Dugdale's Baronage; The Bolls of Parliament; <md 
CoUtctanea Oenealogica et Tqpognq>hica, toL vi. 

' See Burke's Extinct and Dormant Peerages^ p. 588, ed. 1846. 

the jointure of Sir Thomas de Braose, and died 
seized thereof 23 Henry VI., (1445.)* It was 
hy thia maxriiige that the Manor (^ Tethuiy 
. into the hands of the Berkeley fainily. 

Jambs, fifth Lord Berkeley, married Isabel, 
daughter of Thomas Mowbray, first Duke of 
Norfolk. She was the great-great-granddaughter 
of John de Mowbray ; and Aliva, daughter and 
co-heir of Lord William de Braose, of Gower, 
as is shewn by the annexed pedigree.* He was 
succeeded by his eldest son, 

WiLLLAM, sixth Lord, created 28th Janiuury, 

* Caitnd. Inquii. p tnortem, ^3 Heo. III. Marg&reta qun 
fldt uxor Johaonifi Berkeley, militis defanct. Tettebuiy 
Manor, Gloncester. 

* This pedigree shews the connection between the foniiliex 
of firaooe and Berkeley : 


1489-90, Maxquess of Berkeley. He was ap- 
pointed Earl Marshal of England, with limitation 
totiie heire maJe of his body. He married-fiiBt, 
Elizabeth, daughter of Reginald, Lord de la 
Warre ; 2ndly, Jane, daughter of Sir Thomas 
Strangeways ; and 3rdly, Anne, daughter of John 
flennesy Lord Dacre; but he died without any 
surviving issue, in 1491-92, and Ues buried in 
the Chxirch of the Friar Augustines, near Broad 
Street, London. He was succeeded by his brother, 

,m^n ■ ■__ _MB-- - • ■ ^— ^^^^^^^^^^^^.^ 

Jomr DB MowBKAT, 9nd BaroD. »> Alita, D. and Coheir of Wm. de 

He was Sheriff of Yorkshire, and 
GoTemor of York. He was taken 
in rebellion against £dw. L, and 
hanged at York. 

Braose, Lord Braose, of Gower, (2,) 
Sir R. Peschale and D. 5 Edw. U. 
(Borke, p. S77.) 

JoBir DB MowBKAT, 3rd Baron. » Joav, D. of Henry, £. of Lan- 

I caster. 

Jonx DB MowBRAT, 4th Baroo. ■» Euzabbts, D. and H. of John 

I Lord Segrave, by Margaret, Duchess 
of Norfolk, D. of Thos. Plaotagenet, 
of Brotberton, £. of Norfolk. 

I 1 

JoHir DB MowBRJLT, Earl of Not- Thomas, E. of Nottingham, created 
tingham, d. 1379. D. of Norfolk in 1396, and died 1 400. 

Elizabeth Fitzalav, S. and Co- 
heir of Edward, Earl of Arundel. 

Thomas, Earl Marshal. Maboabbt. Isabbl. 

James, 6th Lord Bbbxblbt. 

Leland, in his Itmeranfy vol. vi., p. 67, fol. 71, speaks of 
Tctbury belon^g to the Mowbrays : '^ Tebbjrie was of later 
tyines the Moulbrays lande.'^ 

'^The Lorde Maurice Berkeley lately lyving, had fair landes 
in Northampton and Notinghamshire, that descended from the 
Lord Segraye, by heires general, to Berkeley and Moulbray.*' 


Maubice, seventh Lord, who, from his brother's 
anger at his having married beneath his station, 
enjoyed none of the estates^ except those he 
inherited from his mother, Isabel Mowbray. He 
resided chiefly at Yate, in Gloucestershire, and 
died in 1506, and was succeeded by his son, 

MAUBiOEy eighth Lord, who was made a Elnight 
of the Bath, at the coronation of Henry VIII. ; 
and in the seventh and eiirhth yeaiB of that 
Mo»«ch'» «ign. ^ High^heriff of Glov.«,t«^ 
shire, and was afterwards appointed Lieutenant 
of the Castle of Calaia He married Catherine, 
daughter of Sir William Berkeley, of Stoke Gifford, 
Enight, but died at Calais in 1523, without 
issue, and was succeeded by his brother, 

Thomas, ninth Lord, who held a command in 
the celebrated battle of Flodden Field (Sept 9th, 
1513) ; and for his signal services there, received 
the honour of knighthood fix>m Thomas Howard, 
Earl of Surrey, who commanded the army. He 
married — first, Eleanor, daughter of Sir Marma- 
duke Constable, of Flamborough, Yorkshire ; and 
secondly, Cecilia, widow of Bichard Bowden, Esq. 
He was succeeded by his son, 

Thomas, tenth Lord, who married — ^first, Mary, 
daughter of George Hastings, first Earl of Htm- 
tingdon ; and secondly, Anne, daughter of Sir John 
Savage, of Frodsham, in Cheshire. He died 19th 
Sept., 1534, and was succeeded by his son, 

Henby, eleventh Lord. He was Lord-Lieut. 


of Glouoestershire, and married — ^fiiBt, Catherine, 
daughter of Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey ; and 
secondly, Jane, daughter of Sir Michael Stanhope. 
By his first wife he had issue, Thomas and 
Ferdinand. Thomas married Elizabeth, only 
daughter of Sir George Carey, afterwards Lord 
Hunsdon, and had issue, George, 12th Lord, and 
Theophilus. Thomas died in the lifetime of his 
father. Henry, Lord Berkeley, died in 1613, and 
was buried in the family vatdt at Berkeley, and 
was succeeded by his grandson, 

Geobge, twelfth Lord. He was made Knight 
of the Bath at the creation of Charles Prince 
of Wales, (afterwards Charles I.,) on Nov. 4th, 
1616. He married Elizabeth, daughter and co- 
heir of Sir Michael Stanhope, in Sudbury, SuflPolk, 
and died 10th August, 1658.* 

It was this Lord Berkeley, who ia 1632 sold 
the Manor of Tetbury, with the Warren, or 
North Hayes, and the Lordship thereof, " and all 
their lands, and tenements, and hereditaments, 
within the Manor and parish of Tetbury." to 
Richard Talboys, John Gastrell, Richard Box, and 
Toby Chapman, the then Feoffees of the town 
for the sum of £840. 

The fairs, markets, and waste lands in the 
borough of Tetbury, were bought in 1640, of 

^ All the Lords Berkeley mentioned in the text were Lords 
of the Manor of Tetbury. 


Jolin Smith, of North Nibley ; John Browning, 
of Cowley ; Stephen Fowler, of Stonehouse ; and 
Christopher Pamell, of North Nibley ; for £1,400. 
Since this period, the Feoffees have been the 
Lords of the Manor. 

The Manob of Doughton. 

This Manor formerly belonged to the Beau- 
champs, Earl of Warwick ; but Peter de Braose 
had free warren in Doughton, 29 Ed. P (1301.) 
Nine years after, the jury found that John de 
Thomdon obtained £14 rent in Upton, Doughton, 
and Tetbury/ from William de Beauchamp, Earl 
of Warwick, whose great-grandfather, William de 
Beauchamp had it in dower with Berta, daughter 
of WiUiam de Braosa. 

Temp, Ed. II., Eobert de Doughtcm gave to 
John de Stonore and his heirs, a stable, a cellar, 
and a dovecote, with a messuage and a carucate 
of land in Doughton.' 

Edward III. and Bichard IL, his grandson 

« Bot. IaL Claita. 29 Ed. i. Petor de Braose was a K. 6., 
11 Ed. iii., 1347. (See ArchofoiogicOj vol. xzzi., p. 123.) 

^ CalentL Inquis. past morUm^ toI. i., p. 204. 

^ Abhrtv. Flaeit.j p. 348. Ed. U., Bobertus de Doughton 
pro eartam suam dat dno. John de Stonore miles et heredibus 
snis, nnum stabulum, unam cameram, et unam columbarium 
cum j mess, et j carr. terrsB in Doughton. (Boi, 180.) 


gave six tenements in Doughton and Charlton^ 
to Edmund Langley, Duke of York.' 

In 8 Edward III., a suit ensued between John 
de Stonore, plaintiff and Hugh de Hamhule, 
defendant, for twenty-four messuages and lands 
in Doughton, Tetbury, and Henbury. 

John, son and heir of Edward de Stonore, 
died seized of these lands in Doughton, Sec., 
leaving Bichard, his son and heir. He was suc- 
ceeded by Ralph de Stonore, who hdid his lands 
of Thomas de Braose, leaving Gilbert de Stonore» 
his son and heir.^ (1416.) 

Edmund, Duke of York, died seized of six 
tenements in Doughton and Charlton. Edward 
Duke of York, his son and heir^ by lioense of 
King Henry TV., long before his death, mort- 
gaged the Manor of Doughton to Henry, Bishop 
of Winchester, which Manor was worth forty 
shillings or more, because divers immunities were 
granted firom hence to different persons by this 
Duke. Gilbert de Stonore left Thomas, his bro^ 
ther, heir to his Doughton estate. An act passed 
in the reign of Heniy VIL for resuming the 
possessions of Edward Langley, Duke of York, 
in Charlton and Doughton ; and these two estates 

» Pari 1 1 Hen. VH. 

> Gilberttts de Stonore fir Bad'i de Stonore ten. Doughton 
terr 'et ten' Tetteburje. (Oaiend. Inqma, past mortem^ 3 Hen. Y.^ 
No. 34.) 


were granted to Elizabeth of York, Queen of 
Henry VII., in dower (1 1 Henry VII.) 

In 1591 (33 Eliz.,) John and Edward Seed 
bought this Manor of Thomas Cripps, of Bar* 
rowcombe, Wiltshire ; and Greorge Staples, of 
York, Gloucestershire. 

On the 20th January, 1627, Bichard Talboys, 
Esq., descended from the Talboys of Whiston, 
in Wiltshire, bought this Manor (which appears 
to have been granted by letters patent from 
Queen Elizabeth,) of Edward Alehome, Clerk, 
and Anne his wife.* Mr. Talboys had previously, 
in 1623, bought land in the same place, from 
John Hooper. He was High-Sheriff of Glouces- 
tershire in 1653, and died on the 3rd August^ 
1668, a^ed 87 yeara He was succeeded by his 
eon. B^in. who married Alice, daughti of 
Sylvester Grarrard, Esq., of Broadtown, Wilt- 
shire. They had two sons — ^Bichard, who in 
1688 was Lord of the Manor, and Benjamin. 
This Bichard Talboys had an only child, Alice ; 
and in 1 729 he devised this estate to his nephew, 
Thomas^ son of his brother Benjamin. This 
Thomas died in 1765, and left the estate to his 
kinsman, Thomas, son of Charles Talboys. He 
was succeeded in 1802 by his son Thomas, who 
in 1818 sold the Manor to John Paul Paul, 
Esq,, of Ashton Keynes, for £25,000. Mr. Paul, 

> TUU Deed9. 


who was High-Sheriff for Wilts in 1807, and 
had been created an Hon. D.C.L. of Oxford, on 
the 22nd of June, 1814 ; died in 1828 ; and 
was succeeded by his eldest surviving son, Walter 
Matthews Paul, Esq., the present Lord of the 

Manor of Upton. 

According to Domesday, Aluric held the Manor 
of Upton in the reign of Edward the Confessor. 
Roger de Iveri held it in that of William the 

In 47 Henry HI. (1263.) Upton was held of 
Richard, Earl of Gloucester and Hertford. Peter 
de Braose had free warren here of Edward I., 

' Calaid. Inqttis* post mortem^ roL i., p. 24o. Free warren 
was a franchise erected for preservation or custody of beasts, 
or fowls of warren, which being ferae naturce every one bad 
a natural right to kill as he could ; but upon the introduction 
of the Forest Laws at the Norman Conquest, these animals 
being looked upon as Royal game, and the sole property of 
the Sovereign, this franchise of free toarren was invented to 
protect them, by giving the grantee a sole and exclusive power 
of killing such game so Beur as his warren extended, on condi- 
tion of his preventing other persons. The beasts so protected 
were hares, conies, and roes ; the fowls were either campestres^ 
as partridges, rails, and quails, or eylveetreej as woodcocks and 
pheasants, or aquatUee^ as mallards, and herons. (Blackstone's 
Comment,^ vol. ii., p. 38.) 


Greorge Braose was seized of Upton, 6 Henry 
V. (1419.) 

In 36 Heniy VIIL (1545.) the lands of God- 
stow Nunnery in Charlton, Upton, Doughton and 
Tetbury were parcelled out between Sir Edmund 
Tame, who paid 21s. 4d rent for his portion ; 
Lord Berkeley, who paid 8s. ; Bobert Wye, 
who paid 12a ; and Thomas Wilkins, who paid 

Sir Edmund Tame* died seized of the Manor 
of Upton, and left three sisters, co-heiresses ; 
Alice, Margaret and Isabella. Alice married Sir 
Thomas Vemey, who, in her rights was seized of 
a third part of Sir Edmund Tame's estates. 

BiCHARD Vbrney, son and heir of Sir Thomas 
Vemey, died 26th July, 1667 (9 Eliz.) seized (as 
appears by the inquisition taken at Gloucester 
after his death,) of the entire Manor of Upton. 

George, the son of Richard Vemey, died 

« HarL MSS., 5,013. 

* He was High-SherifF of Gloucestershire in 1536 and 1541. 
The family is thus mentioned by Leland {Itinerary^ vol. vi., 
p. 16): *^The elder house of the Tames is at Stowel, by 
Northleche, in Gloucestershire. Syr Edward Tame, of Fair- 
forde, up by Crekelade, came oute of the house of Tame, of 
Stowel. Tame that is now at Fairford, hath be married a 
zit. yere, and hath no childe. Wherefore be likelihood Syr 
Humfre Stafford, son to old Staford, of Northamptonshire, is 
like to have the landes of Tame of Fairforde. For he maried 
his aster. And so the name of the Tames is like sore to 


smed of Upton, 16 Eliz. (1574,) leaving by 
his 'wife Jane, daughter of Sir Thomas Lucye, 
a son and heir, Richard, who was but ten years 
old at iuB father^s death. This Bichard Yemey 
became a veiy eminent person, and was Knight 
of the Shire for the County of Warwick in 31, 
35, 39, 43 of EUz. and 1 Jac. L 

George and Constance Huntley purdiased 
the Manor of Upton and held it 42 Eliz. (1600.) 

Upton Farm passed to Henry, Lord Berkeley, 
in right of the Braose's. 

In 1606, Bichard Cole of Woodchester sold 
Upton, with the Grove, to Sir George Huntley. 
This Sir George Huntley had previously enter- 
tained Queen Elizabeth at Frocester Court, on 
her way to Berkeley Castle. 

This manor was shortly after sold to Sir Bobert 
Ducie, as appears from a special Uvery granted 
2 Car. L (1626,) by Lord Cottington, "Master of 
BBs Highness' Courte of Wards and Liveries,* 
and Sir Benjamin Budierd, Knt., Siuveyor of 
said liveries," to Sir Bichard Ducie, son and 
heir of Sir Bobt. Ducie, Sheriff of London in 

« This Court was ioslitttled by statute 32 Hen. Vm., c. 46> 
to inquire of what lands any one of the Ejiig*B tenants had 
died seized of; who was his heir, and of what age. It was 
abolished at the restoration oi Charles II., together with the 
oppreasiye tenures on which it was founded. (Blackslone's 
Conmunti vol. iii., p. 258.) 


1620, that the manors of Upton and Charlton 
formed part of the possessions of the late Sir 
Robert Ducie. In this deed the Manor of Upton 
is mentioned as containing "one bam and forty 
acres of pasturage ;" and the Manor of Charleton 
is spoken of as " Manor de Charleton, als Char- 
leton juxta Tedbury, als Tedburye Charlton.** 
Both manors remained in the Dude family till 
sold in 1844, to R. S. Holford, Esq,, the present 
Lord of the Manor, 

Manor of Charlton. 

William de Braose gave to Annora^ his daugh* 
ter,^ 100 shillings, land in Cherleton and Cheriton 
for maintenance during her widowhood, which 
lands she gave to Godstow nimnery. 

William de Ballecot held six yard lands in 
Cherlington and Tetbury, 33 Edward I. (1305.) 

Another William de Ballecot died seized thereof 
20 Edward IIL (1347.) The manor afterwards 
belonged to the Mortimers. 

^ She was married to Hugh de Mortimer; and her brother 
having offended the king, she obtained a grant of his lands. 
Hugh de Mortimer died 2 Hen. lU., (1227.) upon whose 
death his lands were seized bj Peter Fitz Herbert, as appears 
from the following extract from Testa de Neml^ fol. 358, p. 77 ; 
«* Fetrus Fil' Herbi tenet Tetebir que fecit W. de Braus, de 
dono. R.'' (See also Dugdale's Monasi. i., 56-7.) 


Edward de Mortimer, Earl of March and 
Ulster, was seized of a yearly rent of 41s. 
issuing out of Charleton, a member of the 
Manor of Tetbuiy, 5 Eichard III. (1382.) He 
died seized of this manor, 3 Henry VI. (1425.) 

It was presented to Cicely, Duchess of York, 
for her life,* 38 Henry II. (1460), and was con- 
firmed to her 1 Edward IV. (1461.) 

This Manor was afterwards made part of the 
dowry of Catherine, Queen Dowager of Henry 
VIII. On her death it was granted to Drew 
Drury and Edward Downing, 6 Eliz. (1564.) 
George and Constance Huntley purchased the 
Manors of Upton and Charleton, and held them 
42 Eliz. (1600.) 

In 1630 (5 Charles I.) Matthew Himtley sold 
the Manor of Charlton to Robert Ducie, Mr. 
Ducie was Sheriff of London in 1620, and was 
created a Baronet, 28th Nov., 1629, and in 
1631 he was Lord Mayor. He accumulated 

* She was the youngest daughter of Ralph, Earl of West- 
moreland, and Joan his wife, and was married to Richard, 
Duke of York, who was killed in an ambuscade near Wake- 
field, Dec 31st, 1460 ; by him she had a fiunilj of eight sons 
and four daughters, the two eldest of whom, Edward and 
Richard, were successively Kings of England, under the titles 
of Edward IY. and Richabd m. The Duchess Cicely died 
at Berkhampstead, May 31, 1496, and was buried under a 
handsome shrine, on the West side of the high altar of the 
Collegiate Church of Fotheringhay, Northamptonshire. — Annals 
0f England^ vol. ii., p. 67-69. 


enormous wealth ; and although he lost £80,000 
by Charles I., whose banker he was previous to 
the breaking out of the Rebellion, he died 
worth £400,000. 

He was succeeded by his eldest son, Bichard, 
who died, immarried, in 1656, and was succeeded 
by his brother, William, third Baronet, who was 
created Viscoimt Downe, in the peerage of Ireland, 
and made a KB. at the coronation of Charles IT. 
He married Frances, daughter of Lord Seymour, 
of Trowbridge, but died without issue, when 
his honom^ became extinct, and his estates 
descended to Elizabeth, only daughter of his 
yoimger brother Bobert. She married Edward 
Moreton, Esq., of Moreton, County Stafford, and 
had issue, a son, Matthew Ducie Moreton, Esq., 
who, on 2nd June, 1720, was created Baron 
Ducie, of Moreton. Lord Ducie married Arabella 
daughter and co-heir of Sir Thomas Prestwick, 
Bart, and had issue, a son, Matthew, second 
Baron, who was created, 23rd April, 1763, Baron 
Ducie of TortwortL He died, unmarried, in 
Dec, 1770, and was succeeded by his nephew, 
Thomas Reynolds, who, in 1771, assumed the 
name and arms of Moreton. He married, 20th 
Feb., 1774, Margaret, daughter of Sir John 
Bamsden, Bart., of Byron, County York, and 
died without issue, 11th Sept., 1785, and was 
succeeded by his brother Francis, as third Baron, 
who likewise assumed the name of Moreton. He 


married Maiy, daughter of T. Purvis, Esq., of 
Shepton Mallett, Somerset, and died in August^ 
1808, and was succeeded by his son Thomas, 
who was created Earl Ducie and Baron Moreton, 
on 28th January, 1837. He died 22nd Jan., 
1840, and was succeeded by his son, Henry 
Francis George, fifth Baron, who, on 24th August, 
1844, sold the Manor of Charlton to Bobert 
Stayner Holford, Esq., of Weston Birt, who is 
the present Lord of the Manor. 

Manor of Elhestree. 

Beoinald de S. Walerick, in the reign of 
King Stephen, gave the Manor of Elymundestre 
to the Monks of the Benedictine Abbey of S. 
Ebrulph, in Normandy.* 

Alien Monasteries being deprived of their estates 
in England, by Act of Parliament, temp, Edward 
lY., that King, in the tenth year of his reign 
(1465.) granted this Manor to Henry Sampson, 
Dean of Westbury College, near Bristol, and to 

^ This Monastery was built bj one Ebrulf, in the reign of 
King Glothaire L, in 578 a.d. ; and being almost destroyed by 
the wars, was restored by Bobert de Grentesmaisnil, and Hugh 
his brother, (the father of the wife of Roger de Iveri.) The 
latter made many grants of land in England to this Monastery. 
(Bishop Kennett*s Paroch. Antiq. ; see also Budge's Gloucester' 
ihirtj p. 362, and Buddeti p. 731.) 


the Chapter of the same, to whom it belonged 
till the dissolution of the Monasteries, at which 
time the revenues of the College amounted to 
£232 14s. yearly. 

In 1544 (35 Henry VIII.,) all the land be- 
longing to this College, including Elmestree, were 
granted to Sir Kalph Sadleir.' He paid for this 
Manor 24s. rent. 

Afterwards the Manor passed into the hands of 
the Tookes', (John Tooke, Esq., of Elmestree, died 
in 1662,) and thence to the Deacons. Thomas 
Deacon, of London, married Mary, daughter of 
Thomas Haynes, a merchant, of Bristol She 
survived him, and died in 1769, and left the 

' Sir Ralph Sadleir was a person of considerable eminence in 
the reign of Henry YUI., Edward VI., and Queen Elizabeth. 
He was Grentleman of the Privy Chamber in 1537 ; afterwards 
secretary to Thomas Cromwell. In 30 Hen. Vm., he was 
Secretary of State. Knight, 1540. Treasurer of the War 
against Scotland, 1544. Ambassador to James Y. of France, 
1537. Edward VI. made him Knight Banneret at Maskel- 
borowe Field. 10 Eliz. (1568,) he was appointed Chan- 
cellor of the Duchy of Lancaster. He was also made Gover- 
nor of Berwick, and joined with Sir William Pelham and 
Sii Henry NeviU, in commission for the custody of Mary Queen 
of Scots. He died in the 80th year of his age (1587.) 
29 Elizabeth, and is buried in Standon Church. He left a 
son, (Sir) Thomas Sadleir, who left a son, (Sir) Ralph, and 
a daughter Gertrude. Ralph died s. p., and Gertrude married 
Sir William Aston, of Toxal, in Staffordshire. {StaU Papers, 
Rudder, p. 800.) 


Manor to Thomas Jenner, Esq., Fellow of Merton 
College, Oxford, and Rev. Robert Jenner, of 
Christ's Church, Oxford. They sold it on October 
11th, 1790, to William Brookes, Esq., who died 
21st March, 1825, and was succeeded by his son 
Joseph, who died 13th August, 1832, and was 
succeeded by his son William, the present Lord 
of the Manor. 

The Grange. 

The S. Walericks granted the Grange to Kings- 
wood Abbey. It remained in their possession till 
the dissolution of the Monasteries, when it was 
granted by Henry VIII., in the thirtynsixth year 
of his reign, to Richard Andrews and Thomas 
HyMey.* It was aAerwaxda for maixy generations 
the property of the GrastreUs, who long resided 
there. It afterwards passed to the Fishers ; and 
is now the property of Mr. Samuel Byam, of 
Willesley. It is at present in the occupation of 
Mr. William TiE The house and the estate are 
tithe free. 

There was an old Chapel here, but it has fidlen 
entirely to decay. 

See Atkyns's History of Oloucestenhire, p. 375. 



History of the Monasteries and Churches. 

Ancient Saxon Monastery, — Cistercian Monastery Founded 1140, — 
History of its Foundation and Progress, — Removed to Kingswood, — 
Church Founded by Bernard de S. Walerick, — Account of Old Parish 
Church, — Chantries in it, — Deed of Arbitration for its Repair, — 
Pulled Down in 1777, — Circumstances attending the Rebuilding of the 
Parish Church, — ^Description of it, — St, Saviour's Chapel of Ease, — 
Particulars respecting the Advowson, the Vicarage, and the Impro- 
priate Rectory,— Account of Rev. John Wight, — Extracts from 
Parish Registers and Church Wardens' Books. 

There can be but Kttle doubt, from a statement 
of Dugdale's/ that a Monastery existed here 
some time before the Conquest. By whom 
founded, or to what order it belonged, it is now 
impossible to ascertain ; but among the donations 
to the Abbey of Malmesbury, recorded by him, 
mention is made in a charter of King Ethelred. 
to Aldhelm, the Abbot, of the gift of fifteen 
cassates of land, which land is said to be situated 
" juxta Tettan Monasterium f and in the con- 
firmation both of the deed and gift, it is said 
to be "juxta Tetteburie/' * This shews that a 

' MonoBtf vol. i., p. 811. 
^ The original charier is given in the ^* Appendix." 


religious House existed here in the time of the 
Saxons, but no further record now remains of it. 

A more authentic account of the history of 
the Monastery of Cistercian Monks which for- 
merly existed here, is fortunately ascertainable, 
but its history is so intimately connected with 
that of Eingswood Abbey, that it will be necessary 
in the first place to give a short account of the 
origin of that Monastery. 

In the year of our Lord 1131 (31 Henry I.,) 
Walter de Clare foimded an Abbey of Cistercian 
Monks at Tyntem, in Monmouthshire, and dedi- 
cated it to the Virgin Mary. This Convent being 
desirous of enlarging their order, applied them- 
selves to William de Berkele,* (or Berkeley,) 
with a petition to found a Cistercian Abbey at 
Kingswoode, in the County of Wilts, of which 
he was then proprietor. William de Berkele 
yielded to thar request, and founded and endowed 
a Monastery at Ejngswoode, to the honour of the 
Blessed Virgin, in the year 1139, which was 
partly supplied with Monks from Tyntem ; and 
his grant was confirmed by a charter fix)m Maud, 
the Empress, the daughter of King Henry I. 

' He was son of Roger de Berkele, a leading Chief in the 
army of William the Conqueror, when he invaded England. 
In the 20th year of hiB reign (1086), he is styled <' RogeruB 
Senior de Berkele," from the possession of Berkeley Castle in 
the county of Gloucester. Burke's Extinct Peerage, p. 49, ed. 


The wars which afterwards broke out, between 
King Stephen and the Empress Maud, gave the 
Monks at Eangswoode great uneasiness ; and 
they determined to remove to a more retired 
situation. They accordingly purchased some pro- 
perty at Hasildene, (now a hamlet of Eodmarton, 
in this county,) of one, John de S. John, to whom 
King Stephen, during the wars, had made a 
grant of it, although the lands belonged of right 
to Eeginald de S. Walerick, Lord of the Manor 
of Tetteburie, who had taken part with Maud. 

When the war was over, aad everything was 
restored .to its rightful owners, Beginald de 
S. Walerick ejected the Monks, and repossessed 
himself of Haseldene. The Monks, thus ejected, 
made perpetual complaints to Beginald de S. 
Walerick, of the injury he had done them ; and 
by thdr importunity, at length so for prevailed 
with him, as to induce him to restore Hasildene, 
and bestow on them more lands, if they would 
transfer Kingswoode Abbey thither;* for he told 

^ The following particulars are given by Leiand. — Itinerary^ 
▼ol. vi., p. 41. £d. Oxon, 1744 : 

Ex libro Donationum Monaster, de Kingeswod. 

Gul. de Barkelej dedit Abbatise de Unteme, Kinggeswood, 
ad fiindandum ibi Abbatiam. 

mi de Eiogeswood ememnt Haseldene a Dno de S. Joanne, 
cm rex banc terram tempore hoBtiHtaiis, nam erat Reginald! 
de S. Walerico. 

Reginaldus de S. Walerico suis restitutus terris abegit 


them that he waa obliged, by a penance enjoined 
him by the Pope, to found an Abbey of the 
Cistercian order. To this proposal, the monks 
80 far agreed, as to consent to divide their society : 
one moiety of the religious were to stay at 
Kingswoode, and the Abbot, with the rest, were 
to remove to Hasildene. 

They had not long been settled at Hasildene, 
when they foimd themselves much inconvenienced 
from want of water, of which there was a great 
scarcity ; so at the suggestion of Reginald de 
S. Walerick, they removed to Tetteburie, where 
he generously bestowed some lands upon them, 
near which was a perennial spring,* which would 
never fiail to supply them with water. 

This removal of the monks from Kingswode, 
give great offence to Roger de Berkele (heir to 

Monacbos de Haseldene. Postea autem recepit eos, et pars 
major conventus de Kinggeswood, translata est ad Haselden. 

Postea propter aqne penuriam Reg. de S. Walerico transtulit 
eos ad Haselden ad TettebjrL 

Bogerus Barkeley' filius Gul. Berkeley conabatur aut re- 
ducere Monacbos de Tettebjri ad Kingeswood aut Kingswood 
eis auferre tanquam suum fundum. 

Bamardus de S. Walerico fundator ecclesise de Tettebjri eunt 
Mireford prope Kingeswood & Bogero Barkelej, et eo quia 
Tettebjrie ligni copia carebat monacbos transtulet. 

Beg. Berkeley dedit manerium suum de Acholte Monastem, 
S. MarisB de Eangeswood. 

Henricns Loyel. Testis. 

* Tbis WAS probably tbe spring in Magdalen meadow. 


the before-mentioned William,) and he forthwith 
drew up a remonstrance of this affair, and 
presented it to the King, complaming of the 
injury done to his &ther's foundation, setting 
forth that Eingswode was lefb to him by his 
predecessor as a noted Abbey, but that it was 
only held as a Grang^e to Tetteburie, the main 
W^ of the ..r^haviog „.„ved thither ; 
and he insisted that either he might have his 
land again, or the monks be recalled and settled 
once more at Eingswoode. The Eang thought 
this reasonable, and yielded to his request; but 
by the interposition of the General Chapter of 
the Cistemans, the King was induced to revoke 
his order, and it was determined that Eingswode 
should remain a Grange to Tetteburie, but that 
the mass should be constantly read at ElingB- 
wode, by some monk that was a Priest, at the 
proper Altar deputed for that purpose ; and the 
monks,^ in order to make matters easy, com- 
poimded with Roger de Berkele, to give him 
twenty-seven marks and a half of silver, and 

* It maj be interesting to my readers to know in what cos- 
tume the Cistercian Monks were accustomed to tread the streets 
of Tetbury. The usual habit was a white robe, in the nature of a 
cassock, with a black scapubir hood; this garment was girt 
with a black girdle of wool. In the Choir thej had over it a 
hood with a rochet hanging down round before to the waist, 
and in a point behind to the calf. When thej went abroad, 
they wore a cowl and a great hood, all black, which was also 


one mark to his sod, (in all £19,) and thereupon 
Boger de Berkele, by his charter, ratified the 
compact, and confirmed to them his father's gift. 
Affidrs being in this state, a Convocation was 
held at Eirchstede, in Lincolnshire, in the Cister-^ 
dan Abbey there. Many Abbots were present^ 
among the rest Philip, Abbot of Elemosyne, Henry, 
Abbot of Waverley,^ and Pagan, Abbot of Tette- 
buria After the debates respecting the affairs 
for which they were met were ended, the Abbot 
of Waverley proposed to restore the Abbey at 
Kingswode, and replace a sufficient number of 
monks in it ; to which the Abbot of Tetteburie, 
being a weak man,* gave his consent ; but without 

the Choir habit The laj brothers were clad in dark colour ; 
their scapular being down about a foot in length before, and 
was rounded at the bottom. Their hood was like those which 
the priests wore over their cowl, excepting the difPerenoe of the 
colour. In the Choir they wore a cloak or mantle, reaching to 
the ground, of the same colour as the habit. The novices who 
were Clerks, wore the same habit in the Church, but it was all 
white. Their scapular was not of the same length in all places, 
for sometimes it reached only half way down the thigh, in 
others to the mid-leg, or even to the heels. — BriUak Monachism^ 
hj F. D. Fosbrooke, p. 287. Natali, 1843. 

^ Waverley was a Cistercian Abbey in Surrey, near Famham, 
founded by William Gi&rd, Bbhop of Winchester, a.d. 1128. 
It was the first house the Cistercians had in England. 

* Dugdale speaks of *^ Paganus, Abbas de Tetteburia," as 
<<homo simplex et nuUius astucias. — MonaaL AnglL^ vol. v., 
p. 426. Ed. 1819. 


the knowledge of his convent, or the assent of 
the Abbot of Tyntem, who, when they heard 
of it, entirely disallowed and opposed it, and a 
great deal of litigious dispute followed But at 
last it was decreed, at a meeting of Cistercian 
Abbots at Kingswode, that the Abbot of Waver- 
ley should recall the four monks he had sent 
to Kingswode, and remove all his goods and 
chattels from thence, and Ejngswode should 
return to its former use, to be Tetteburie Grange. 
Yet there were still left at the monastery there 
several monks, converts, clerks, and laics, with 
Boger de Berkele, the founder, who was present 
at these aoconunodations. 

Some time after the Monks at Tetteburie, not 
well liking their situation, and having scarcely 
room enough for the commodious settling of an 
Abbey there, and finding great inconvenience 
through the scarcity of wood for firing in those 
parts, being forced to fetch their fuel irom Kings- 
wode, which lay at a considerable distance, they 
determined to remove back to Kingswode ; but 
the buildings there not being sufficiently large 
for the reception of their number, Bernard de S. 
Waleridc, the founder of Tetteburie Church, re- 
quested and obtained from Boger de Berkele, 
Lord of Kingswode, forty acres of land at Mireford, 
a place bordering on Kingswode, near the water 
side, and there erected a new abbey about 1170, 


and transferred the Monastery of Tetteburie 

After the Monastery of Tetteburie was removed 
to Kingswode, it is probable that Tetteburie be- 
came a Grange to Elingswode ; for there is an 
ancient &rm house in this parish, at a little 
distance from the town, which formerly had a 
Chapel attached to it. The house to this day is 
called The Grange.' 

It is mentioned above, that Bernard de S. 
Walerick "was the founder of Tetbury Church. 
An old MS. states that this Church was founded 
in 1160; if so, none of it now remains; for, 
jfrom the style of architecture, I cannot place 
the present Tower and Spire earlier than 1400. 
But whenever the old Church was built^ it was 
entirely pulled down, with the exception of the 
Tower and Spire, (which latter is a remarkably 
fine one,*) in 1777, to make room for the pre- 
sent Church. 

No authentic account of the old Church now 
remains; but from the Histories of Gloucester- 
shire, and several MSS., I have collected the 
following particulars respecting it. 

^ The above is principallj derived from an old regprd written 
by the Abbot of Kingswode, a.d. 1 180, and preserved in 
Dagdale*s MonasL AngL^ vol. i., p. 811. 

^ Dugdale, in his Mmaat, vol. v., p. 425, mentions that 
Kingswood Abbey had common pastare in Tetbuiy. 

' The following are the dimensions of the spire : 


This Church was dedicated to S. Mary Mag- 
dalen,' and, according to Sir Robert Atkyns, 
was large and handsome ; it had an aisle on the 
South side, and two aisles on the North side; 
at the West end of each of which were windows 
of five lights, with quatrefoil tracery above. 
There was a Central Chancel with a Hood Loft, 
and two side Chancels on the North and South 
sides. Under the arch parting the South Aisle 

Tdi. Ft. In. 

From the ground to the floor of the leads . 24 
From the floor of the leads to the top of 

the stone-work of the spire .... 85 2 
From the top of the stone-work of the 

spire to the top of the upright bar that 

supports the weathercock 2 

And firom ditto to the top of the head of 

the weathercock 10 


The spire leans South 4 fl. 6 in., and towards the East 
8 in. These observations were made by Mr. Thomas Webb, 
architect, when the spire was repaired in 1774. {Parochial 
Begister No. 1 .) 

' Sir R. Aik3m8 and Rudder saj that the Church was 
dedicated to the Blessed Virgin ; but from its being, from 
ancient times, the custom to hold the &ir on the daj of 
the Saint to whom the Church was dedicated, and Tetbury 
Fair being beld on the 22nd of July (S. Mary Magdalen's 
Day,) I have no doubt the Church was dedicated to that 
Saint On this subject, see History of England, by R. Henry, 
D.D., vol* iv., p. 205 ; Bum's Ecclea. Law ; and Kennett's 
Faroch. Aniiq, 



from the Chancel, was the monument of the great 
William de Braose, lying cross-legged in his coat 
of mail, his sword hy his side, and a lion at 
his feet^ noted emblems of his having been 
engaged in the Crusades. 

On the South side was the porch, over which 
was a room in which the Grammar School was 
formerly kept. There was a Chapel on the left 
hand entering the Church, in which "was a fiiir 
wall piece, and lively effigy of John Savage, 
Gent., in his sable robes^ kneeling." 

In the North aisle was a statue monument 
to one of the GastreUs. There was a small 
vestry on the North side of the ChanoeL* 

A Chantry was erected on the South side of 
this Church, by license from the King, (36 Edw. 
III.) dated 1 3th Jan., 1363, and granted to 
Walter Waltres, John de Weston, Ealph Baily, 
cmd John de Caldebom, all of Tetbury, to grant 
twenty-four messuages and sixty acres of land 
in Tetbury, in free alms for ever, to Kichard 
Brevorchance, Chaplain of the Chapel of the 
Blessed Virgin, in the parish Church of Tetbury, 
and his successors, as a Chantry, to say mass 
daily for the souls of King Edward, Queen 

* The clear area of the Church, Chancel, Taylor's aisle, and 
vestry room of this Church, within side, is 6,947 feet, when 
the columns and pillars are deducted. Measured May 25, 1776, 
by Francis Hiome. 


PMllippa, of Peter de Brewys, and his wife 
Agnes, and Thomas their son, and of Elizabeth, 
the wife of John de Brewys. 

This was confirmed by John,* Bishop of Wor- 
cester, and signed with the seal of the com-^ 
munites of the town of Tetbury, in the reign 
of Queen Elizabeth. Part of the Chantry lands 
were granted by Seede to Edmund and Thomas 
Estcourt. William Potter was the last incum- 
bent; he had a pension of £6 13s. 4d, in 1553.* 

5 Jac. I. The lands of this Chantry were 
granted to Edward Newport and John Crompton« 

7 Jaa I. The reserved lands of this chantry 
were granted to Coxe and others. Sir Walter 
Coxe, of Kensington, Middlesex, afterwards sold 
them to Sir Thomas Estcourt, of Lasborough.' 

There was another Chantry erected in this 
Church by John de Grevil, 19 Edw. IV. (1480.) 
It was dedicated to the Holy Trinity ; whereof 
William Wotton was the last incumbent. He 
had a pension of £6 in 1553. The lands be- 
longing to this Chantry were granted to Simon 
Wiseman and Richard Moon, 4 James I. (1607.) 

There was also another Chantry, called Heme's 

^ John Bamet, appointed Bishop of Worcester 1362. He 
was afterwards Lord Chancellor, and was translated to Wells* 
— Dugdale* vol. i, p. 120. 

6 WlUiB*8 Miired Abbe^, toL ii., p. 90. 

^ The above particulars are firom deeds now in the possession 
of Mr. Sotheron Estcourt. 


Chantry, of which Thomas Harman was the last 
incumbent. He received a pension of £4 in 

From Jones's ** Index to the Public Records" 
under the head '' Cirencestria»" it appears that 
another chantiy, dedicated to S. Thomas was for- 
merly attached to this Church ; but I have not 
been enabled to discover any fiuther particulars 
respecting it. 

About the middle of the fifteenth century 
(1467.) in the reign of Edward IV., a dispute 
arose between the Abbot and Monks of the Monas- 
tery of Eynesham, in Oxfordshire, who were the 
Impropriators of the vicarage, and the inhabitants 
of Tetbiuy, respecting the reparation of a Chancel 
in their Parish Church. After much disputing, 
both sides agreed to refer their grievances to Dr. 
John Carpenter, the Bishop of Worcester, in whose 
Diocese Tetbury was then edtuated ;^ and he seems 

^ Harmera Dawne. — ^De. N. A. milite et aliis aasignatiB ad 
inquirendum utrum unia Pecia vocata Harmers Downe, et una 
acra Prati pertinebant, Cantarice S. Thomm^ in Te£bury^ in 
Comitatu Gloucestriae, necne et quantum Talent per annum. 
PasbsB Comminiones, 1 Eliz., Rotulo, 10. 

' The new Dioceses of Gloucester and Bristol were founded 
by Henry YUL, in 1541. Previously to this, the See of 
Worcester, which about 680 was taken out of that of lichfield, 
comprehended the province of Wiccia, and its Bishops were 
called Epiacopi Wicdorwn. It contained all Woroestershire, 
except sixteen parishes beyond Abberley Hills, belonging 
to the Diocese of Hereford; all Gloucestershire on the East 


to have settled the dispute by ordering the paxish- 
ioners to build the said Chancel, and to repair 
the North side of the same, and the Abbot and 
Monasteiy to keep the South side in repair ; 
thus wisely preventing the one side gaining a 
triumph over the other. 

The following is a copy of the original deed of 
arbitration by which this settlement is effected. 

"John/ by Divine permission Bishop of Wor- 
cester, to all the sons of our Holy Mother y* 
Church, to whom these presents shall come, or 
whom y* imderwritten do or any way hereafter 

side of the Severn, with tbe city of Bristol ; and nearly 
half the Southern part of Warwickshire, with the town 
of Warwick; (see Thomas's Survof of Worcester CcUhedralj 
p. 1.) The Dioceses of Gloucester and Bristol were united 
by Act of Parliament in 1836. Great efibrts are now being 
made again to separate them, and we earnestly trust they 
will before long be successful. 

I This was Dr. John Carpenter, Bishop of Worcester from 
1443 to 1476. He was formerly Fellow, and afterwards 
Provost of Oriel College, Oxford ; and in 1437-8 was Chan- 
cellor of that University. He was installed in his Cathedral 
December 25th, 1444, and built a gate to the Episcopal palace 
at Hartlebury, which was destroyed in the Civil Wars. In 1461 
he erected a Library in the charnel house befonging to his 
Cathedral He died al his Palace at Northwyke, in 1476, and 
was buried, at his own request, in the South West comer of the 
Chancel of Westbury Churchi Gloucestershire ; upon his tomb 
in which, b carved the skeleton of a man. (Dugdale, and 
Godwin, De PrcaMnts Anglue; .and I^otes and Queries^ 2uA 
Series, vol. i., p. 24.) 


may conc«3ni, greeting. Be it known unto all 
and every of you by those presents, y* whereas 
a controversy has been long debated^ and a law- 
suit carryd on between the Venerable and Religious 
the Abbot and Convent of the Monastry of y* 
Blessed Virgin Mary, of Eynsham, in the Diocese 
of Lincoln, proprietors of the Faridbi Church of 
Tetbury, in the Diocese of Worcester, of y* one 
part, and the parishioneiB of y* said Parish Church 
7r other pU^nceming the ordering, limits 
tion, and reparation of a certain Chancel in the 
same Parish Church of Tetbury aforesaid ; at 
length the parties aforesaid, willing to avoid the 
expense of law, and to preserve peace and quiet- 
ness among themselves for the Aiture, appeared 
before us by their proctors, thereunto sufficiently 
and lawfully deputed and authorized : viz., the 
part of y* said Abbot and Convent proprietors 
aforesaid, by Eichard Bymer, clerk ; and the part 
of y* said parishioners by Walter Heme and John 
Hale, Clerks, and have jointly nominated and 
chose me their referee or arbitrator, amicably to 
compose this dijSerence among them, and have 
likewise solemnly bound themselves, by a corporal 
oath, taken on the Holy Evangelists by their 
proctors, to stand to our award and arbitrement, 
solely and wholly upon the premises. Hereupon, 
at y* earnest request of y* parties aforesaid, taking 
upon ourself y* office of an Arbritator, we have 
given, passd, published and determined y* our 



award or arbitrement within the term limited 
or set for this purpose^ in manner following — 
viz., y* a certain Chancel in y* said parish Church 
V* was new built by y* parishioners of the 
same, situate and lying in the same Church, 
between y* Chancel commonly called y* old Chan- 
cel, on y* North Side, and the Chantery Chapel of 
y* Blessed Virgin Mary on the South Side, shall 
be y^ principal Chancel in the same Church, and 
we will, appoint, ordain, and determine y* the 
aforesaid Abbot and Convent proprietors and their 
successors for ever, shall be bound and obliged to 
retain and keep up the same, as far as the Bood 
Loft exclusively, together w*** a certain wall an- 
nexed to the same Chancel on the South Side ; 
and we wi]l. / the parishoneia aforesaid, be for 
ever obliged and bound to repair and keep up 
the Chancel aforesaid, commonly called the old 
Chancel, at their own proper cost and charge, 
together w^ a certain wall annexed thereto on 
the South side, provided always y* the parish- 
i.n«. .fcreeaid A ha« ft« bgi. ^d V« 
thro' the same principal Chancel in and to the 
vestry lying near unto it, for the ornaments 
of f said Church, and for other things appoin- 
ted for Divine Service, which' award and arbi- 
tration thus passed and published by us, the 
parties aforesaid, have desired, may be confirmed 
In compliance w*** this their desire, WE, John, 
by Divine permission, Bishop of Worcester, have 


bj our authority ordinary, oonfirmed, approved, 
and by these presents given a perpetual sanction 
to this our award and arbitrement thus published 
by us« In witness whereof we have set our 
seal to these presents. Dated in the Monasteiy 
of y* Blessed Virgin Mary, of Cirencester, the 
26th day of October, in the year of our Lord 
1467, and of our consecration the 26th." 

Notwithstanding this agreement, in process of 
time the Church fell into decay, and in 1729, 
Mr. Francis Savage, and other parishioners, at a 
vestry meeting, agreed to apply for a Brief to 
enable them to collect monies in order to rebuild 
Tetbury Church." 

Accordingly a Brief* was applied for and obtained, 
for rebuilding the Chancel, and some parts of the 
Church, which greatly stood in need of repair, 
the estimated cost of which was <£2»600. When 
this collection under the Brief was made, it brought 
in little over £400 ; a sum totally inadequate to 
carry out the proposed design. 

Upon this, some of the Parishioners who were 
anxious to rebuild the Church, proposed that the 

> This meeting was held June 22, 1729, and the names of the 
parishioners present were, Francis Savage, Bev. Henry Wight- 
wick, Ber. Robert Winch, John Sloper, Thomas Keen, Joseph 
Wickes, Richard Harding, William Tomkinson, John Johnston, 
Henry Crowther, Daniel Evans, John Wight, John Pumell, 
John Barrett, John Philips, Barnard Wickes. 

* For a copy of -ibis Brief, see Appendix. 


Advowson of the Living should be sold, this was 
strongly objected to by other Parishioners, but the 
Feoffees persevered, and applied to Parliament, and 
brought a petition to the House of Lords, in which 
they asked for an Act of Parliament to enable 
them to rebuild their ChurcL 

This was warmly opposed in the House by the 
opposite party ; who, to obtain their end, engaged 
to repair the Church in a strong and substantial 
manner with the money collected imder the brief. 
This proposal was accepted by the other party with 
great reluctance, as likely to lead hereafter to 
further litigation. 

A recognizance was accordingly entered into in 
the Court of Chanceiy. in which sevei^ persons 
of known property,* obliged themselves under con- 
siderable penalties, to put the Church in sound 
repair. Two architects were engaged to view the 
repairs when finished; Mr. Tully, of Bristol, on 
the one side, and Mr. Smith, of Warwick, on the 

On their viewing the work after its accomplish- 
ment, they disagreed, and chose Mr. Gibbs, the 
famous architect, as umpire. He took with him 

^Bj Thomas Estcourt, Esq., of Shipton Moyne, William 
Savage, Richard Harding, Charles Savage, and Joseph Ralph, 
of Tetbury, and John Taylor of Bristol, before Robert Holford, 
Esq., and William Kinaston, Esq., two Masters of the Court of 
Chancery, on lOth February, 1740. The amount of the re- 
cognizance was £4,000. 


Mr. Philipps, the King's carpenter, and Mr. John 
Townsend, an eminent master builder fipom Oxford. 
They all inspected the Church, and Mr. Gibbs cer- 
tified that the repairs were not executed in the 
manner required by the recofmizance. 

Upon ab. thoi P^dnoiTwho ™hed fcr a 
new Church brought the matter before the Lord 
Chancellor ; but it appearing that Mr. Gibbs» had 
not in person viewed the roof, ^ as, indeed, he could 
not well, being a person in years, and very cor- 
pulent,*' but had depended on the report of 
Mr. Philipps, and Mr. Townsend, the Lord Chan- 
cellor, to the great surprise of many, ordered 
another siurey to be taken, and recommended Mr. 
Flitcroft, to the acceptance of both parties. After 
making his surv^, Mr. Flitcroft certified that the 
Church was not put into that good condition 
required by the recognizance, and that it would 
require at least £400 more to do it. These repairs 
were forthwith ordered to be done, but only £15 
or £20 were laid out upon them. Under these 
drcomstaiices. the a^ waa again earned before 
the Lord Chancellor ; but after some time the pro- 
meters finding there was no hope of maJdng their 
Chiffch more commodious, or obtaining a new one 
by these proceedings, they desisted from aU further 

^The abore particnlars are chiefly taken from a MS. in 
the handwriting of the Rev. J. Wight. 


Being thus disappointed in their hopes of re- 
building their Parish Church, the Vicar (the Eev. 
John Wight), and many of the inhabitants deter- 
mined to rebuild it, by another method which 
seemed open to them. 

There was a Church House which had been 
leased out by the Church Wardens for many gene- 
rations, for their lives, for about £40 a year ; but 
which, through the n^ligence of the lessee, had 
been suffered to fall in. This house was forthwith 
offered to the best bidder and sold for £250, which 
was at once put out to interest at four per cent. 
Money was thus accumidating every day, and the 
Vicar, in 1 753, generously offered the Parishioners 
to make the sum £1,000 if they would expend it 
upon rebuilding the Church, upon a plan he himself 
should approve. This proposition was accepted 
by all present at the meeting where it was pro- 
posed,* and the Parishioners also agreed to encou- 
rage subscriptions, and in every other way in 
their power forward the design. 

The Parishioners in general now seemed fully 
alive to the necessity of rebuilding their parish 
Church, and many of them formed themselves into 
a society for the purpose of collecting subscriptions. 
The Rules by which they bound themselves are 
curious, and as they are excellent of their kind, 
I have subjoined them. They are as follows : — 

« Held NoYember 12, 1753. 


''We, whose names are entered in this book, 

agree to observe the following artides : 

i First To meet four times in every year at the 
White Hart, viz. : The first Thursday in 
January, the first in April, the first in July, 
and the fiiBt in October, between six and 
seven o'clock in the evening. 

ii. Secondly. Each of us to lay down half-a-crown, 
as soon as he comes into the room, to be ap- 
plied towards rebuilding our parish church. 

iii. Thirdly. To do all we can to increase the 
number of our society. 

iv. Fourthly. When any dispute arises amongst 
us, to submit to the decision of the majority 
of the members present. 

V. Fifthly. To send three shillings to be put in 
the box, every time we cannot attend at the 
usual time of meeting. 

vi Sixthly. Gratefully to accept any present, be 
it never so small, that shall be given to the 
box by any person that shall not be a member 
of this society." 

JoHK Wight. John Slopbb. 

T. Cboomb Wickbs. Bobt. Clabk. 

Habrt Witts. Saiil. Sauitdebs. 

Nathanubl Saundbbs. Josbph Butlbb. 

BiCHABD Davibs. Johk Faul. 

Jambs Sataob. Gbobgb Whttb. 

Nath. Body. WnuAM Bbookes. 

J. Pubtbb. Thomas Pikb. 

Oeobge WnrrB. Edwabd Tuoweu^ &c. 

In all nineiy-ihree* 


The first meeting was held on January 3rd, 
1754, at which time there were 160 members 
belonging to the society ; and the sum collected 
on that evening amounted to £26 4s. 6d. The 
sum total collected by means of this society, 
amoimted to £535 6s. 4d., which shows how 
much may be done in the way of Church building 
firom small beginnings, if only persevered in with 
energy and determination. 

In 1765 (5 George III.) an Act of Parliament 
was obtained "for applying a certain sum of 
money firom the sale of a house in Tetbury, in 
the County of Gloucester, and by donations of 
several persons, for rebuilding the parish Church 
and Chancel of Tetbury aforesaid.^' 

The trustees appointed by this Act of Parlia- 
ment to superintend the rebuilding of the Church 
were "The Right Reverend lather in God, Wil- 
liam (Warburton) Lord Bishop of Gloucester, 
James (Johnson) Lord Bishop of Worcester, 
the Rev. Thomas Croome Wickes, d.d., the Rev. 
John Wight, Vicar of Tetbuiy, Samuel Saunders, 
and John Saunders^ both of Tetbury, gentlemen, 
and Joseph Butler, of Horsley, gentleman ;" three 
of whom were to form a quorum. 

The rebuilding of the Church commenced in 
1777, under the superintendence of Francis 
Hiome, of Warwick, architect, and it was re- 
opened for Divine service on the 7th October, 
1781, when the Rev. T. C. Wickes, D.i>„ the 


then Vicax, preached Mr. Wight, who had so 
greatly promoted the rebuilding of the Church, 
unhappily did not survive to see the restoration 
complete, he having died on November 24, 1777. 
Mr. Hiome received for his work 

from the trustees . . £3658 16 1 

In addition to the materials of the 

old Church, for which he allowed . 400 
Received for flooring and pewing it . 1000 17 

Makmg the total cost of the Church £5059 13 

From the exterior, the Church presents a very 
handsome appearance, and the noble tower and 
spire makes it a conspicuous and beautifril object 
in the scenery for many miles round. We cannot 
say so much for the interior ; by a curious arrange- 
ment, we believe peculiar to this Church, doors 
are placed at equal distances down the North 
and South Cloisters, each door giving an entrance 
to five pews, and thus making the collection of 
alms by the Churchwardens, a long and somewhat 
difficult process. Although the internal arrange- 
ment's of the Church have but little respect to 
Ecclesiastical order, it must still be regarded 
as a great advance on the style of Church archi- 
tecture, which was mostly prevalent in this 
country at the time when this Church was erected. 

The Chancel is very short, and is raised by 
two steps above the body of the Church. On 
the North side is a handsome marble monument 


to the memory of Sir WiUiam Romsey, with his 
effigy above, erected at the expense of the Rev. 
John Wight ; and on the South side, a some- 
what similar one to the Rev. John Savage, late 
Rector of Beverstone. 

Over the Altar (which is of mahogany,) is a 
picture representing the Holy Family. The East 
window is very lofty, and of five Kghts, with 
curiously elaborated tracery. The Altar rails are 
also of mahogany. The Pulpit, Reading Desk 
and Font, (which is of very small and mean pro- 
portions,) are in firont of the Altar. 

The Church is pewed throughout, the entrance 
to the side pews are firom doors in the North 
and South Cloisters. 

The East wall of the Church, over the Vestry 
and South doors, is covered with monuments, 
erected to the memory of different families con- 
nected with the town ; copies of the inscrip- 
tions on them will be found in the Appendix. 

The organ is in a gallery at the West end, 
and there are also galleries extending half-way 
along the North and South walls of the Church. 

There are seven large, and very lofty windows 
of four lights each on either side of the Church, 
with tracery similar to that of the East windows. 

The vestry is on the South side of the Chancel. 
The two Town chests are kept one in the North, 
the other in the South cloister. The interior 
dimensions of the Church are as follows : — 


Extreme length fix>m North to South . 120 feet. 

Extreme width, induding the cloisters . 62 feet. 

Height £rom the floor to the ceiling . . 42 feet. 
In the tower there is a fine ring of eight bells, 

placed there in 1722. On them are the foUow- 

ing inscriptions cast roimd the rim ; — 

Ist and 2nd. Prosperity to the Church of Eng- 

3rd. Prosperity to this Town. 

4th. Prosperity to this Town and Parish. 

5th and 6th. Giles Body, Matthew Wilkins, 
Chx wardens. 

7th. I, to the Church the living call, and to the 
dead do summons alL 
In the centre of the inscription on all the 

above bells is the date 1722, and the initials 

A. R^ 

^ There can be but little doabt that these initials are those of 
Abraham Radhall, a celebrated bell-founder of Gloucester. 
The family has been engaged in this business for generations. 
Abraham Rudhall, senr., from 1684 to 1736, in which year he 
died, aged 78. Abraham Rudhall, junr., 1718 ; Abel Rudhall, 
1738 to 1754; Thomas Rudhall, 1780; Charles and John 
Rudhall, 1785 to 1828. To the latter succeeded the present 
firm of Mears, of Gloucester and Whitechapel. Gloucester and 
Lichfield seem to have been the earliest known places celebrated 
for bell-founding. John of Gloucester was a bell-foander there 
in 1310 ; whilst Henry Mitchell is quoted as contemporary with 
him at Lichfield. In S. Michael's Church, Gloucester, is the 
following inscription, on a cross : " Pray for the sonll of 
Willm Henshawe, Belfounder, and late Maire of this Towne, 


The eighth bell was erected in 1803 ; on it 
is the following inscription : 

8th. J. Rich and R M. Warman, G W., 1803. 
J. Rudhall^ fecit. 

There are also a set of chimes in the tower, 
which were given by the Rev. John Wight, in 
1749 ; they play the tune of the 113th Psalm 
for about four minutes every four hours, viz., at 
ten, two, and six. 

The Parish Church, as rebuilt in 1777-1781, 
consisted of one hundred and ten pews, which, 
with liie exception of thirty two, were all appro- 
priated under the Act of Parliament, for rebuilding 
the Chinxk By this arrangement, only one hun- 
died and sixty sittings in pews were set apart 
for the use of the poor, and about eighty in other 
parts of the Chiux^h ; in all two hundred and 

At a subsequent period, gaUeries were erected 
on the North and South sides of the Church, in 
which the pews were all appropriated. 

The evils arising from the very inadequate pro- 
visions then made for the wants of the poor in 
the parish Church, had long been felt, and various 

and Alys and Agnes, his wyfes ; the whiche Willm deceased the 
• . . day of • . in the jer of our Lord God a thousand occcc. ; 
and the said Aljs deceased the seconde day of ffebruar thee 
yere of our Lord mxycxix. — ^for whose soules of yor charite say 
a pater nostr and a ave.*' — I am indebted for the aboTe to the 
Rev. John Ward, of Wath Rectory, Ripon. 


plans were proposed for remedying the evil, but 
none of them were ever carried into execution. 

In the year 1842, a commission was issued by 
Dr. J. H. Monk, then Lord Bishop of the Diocese, 
for mftlring enquiries into its Ecclesiastical State. 
Under the head of Tetbxu-y, the Commissioners 
reported that it was very deficient in accommoda* 
tion for the poor, and recommended that a Chapel 
of Ease should be built. 

By the sale of the Advowson of the Living in 
1839, a thousand pounds had been set apart for 
Church purposes, the Act directing ^* that the sum 
of one thousand pounds sterling be applied by 
the said trustees or feoffees to such purposes, and 
in such manner, for increasing the number of 
free sittings in the parish Chun^h of Tetbury 
aforesaid, or in the erection of stoves for heating 
the same, in fittings for lighting it witii gas. or 
in the erection of a Chapel of E^e, in connection 
with the aforesaid Church, or to any or all of 
such purposes as the Vicar or Churchwardens for 
the time being of the said parish shall, with 
the sanction of Her Majesty's Commissioners for 
building new Churches, order and direct." 

In the year 1841, a vestry meeting was held 
to take the subject of increased Church accom- 
modation for the poor into consideration. It 
was agreed to biuld a Chapel of Ease, and also 
that so much of the above mentioned money as 


had not been otherwise expended, should be ap- 
plied to this work. 

At this period, the population of the parish 
was about 3,000, of whom it was assumed that 
three fifths or upwards of 1,800 persons were 
poor, as they occupied houses assessed in the 
rate at a sum not exceeding £4. The accommo- 
dation for these in the Parish Chiu'ch consisted 
of two hundred and forty sittings only, and these 
were mostly situated in a most remote part of 
the Church. 

The cost of the Chapel of Ease was as follows : — 
From the Church fund above mentioned . £1000 
From the Incorporated Church Building 

Society ..... . 250 

From the Diocesan Church Building Fund . 150 


In addition to this, " a limited subscription, very 
insufficient to cover the cost of the building,'' was 
raised. The whole cost of this Chapel of Ease 
exceeded by £2000 the sum thus obtained, for 
which sum the Vicar is responsible, and has paid 
interest upon it from the time the debt was 

A Chapel of Ease, dedicated to 0\tr Blbssed 
Savioub, was consecrated by the Right Rev. James 

B I am indebted to the Rev. John Frampton, Vicar of 
Tetbuiy, for several of the above p^ticulars. 



Henry Monk, D.D., late Lord Bishop of Gloucester 
and Bristol, on the 23rd of August, 1848 ; the 
foundation stone having been laid by Miss Framp- 
ton, the daughter of the Vicar, on the 31st of 
March, 1846. It was erected through the instru- 
mentality of the Vicar, assisted by Mends, and 
the sum of £1,000 from the frmd arising from 
the sale of the advowson in 1839 ; and contains 
seats for about 400 persons. It is built in the 
Decorated style, wit^ a Chancel, Nave, North and 
South Aisles, Porch, and Vestry. The nave is 
separated from the Aisles by five arches^ which 
rest on piers alternately circular and octagonal, 
their dripetones termmatmg in carved figures of 
angels. Both Nave and Aisles are covered by one 
roof, inclined at their junction ; it is of a high 
pitch, open in the interior to the ridge piece 
of foreign oak, with horizontal tie beams, &a, 
the wall pieces resting on corbels covered with 
foliage, and the cornice ornamented with the 
baU-flower. The whole of the interior is lined 
with ashlar, the stone used for this purpose 
being the white Painswick, which in fineness of 
grain and general appearance nearly approaches 
the Caen. The North and South windows of the 
aisles are single lights^ with trefoil heads ; those 
at the East and West are^ however, of two 
lights, with tracery in the head, and are all 
filled with stained glass in patterns, with the 
exception of the West window of the South 


aisle, which is of one lights and represents the 
Baptism of our Blessed Lord by S. John. This 
last portion of the Church, immediately adjoining 
the entrance from the porch, forms a Baptistry, 
the Font of which is octagonal, of Caen stone, 
the bowl large and deep, the panels ornamented 
with the Evangelistic symbols, alternately with 
the Dove, Agnus Dei, the Cross, and the Sacred 
Monogram. Its base rests on a small raised 
pavement of encaustic tiles ; the oaken cover is 
of open work. On the left hand side of the 
South- West door, near the font, is a poor-box of 
stone, restincr on a pedestal, and surmounted by 
the half figL of aV angel, bearing the legend 
** He that giveth to the poor lendeth to the 

The West window of the Nave is of two lights ; 
one representing the Blessed Virgin and the In- 
fant Saviour, the other our Blessed Lord, holding 
in his hand a Cross. All the seats are of oak, 
and open, terminated by poppy heads. An open 
Lectern is placed on the South side of the Chancel 
arch ; and on the North is a low pulpit of Caen 
stone, with carved panels, and surmounted by a 
canopy, the entrance to which is by a passage 
through the Chancel wall. Between these, imme- 
diately before the entrance to the Chancel, looking 
East, is the faldstool,^ at which the Litany is said. 

^ Faldstoolj a small desk at which Uie Litany is enjoined 


A light screen of oak, of elegant tracery, with gates, 
and a gnded cornice, divides the Chancel from 
the rest of the Cliurch. It is entered by a 
single step, and displays at the end a rich window 
of three lights. In the centre hght, the Cruci- 
fixion is represented, with S. Mary Magdalen 
kneeling at the foot of the Cross. In the light 
on the North side is the figure of the Blessed 
Virgin ; in that of the South, that of S. John 
the Evangelist. In the flowing tracery above 
are the figures of angels, and the emblems of the 
four Evangelists. In the apex our Lord is re- 
presented sitting on His Throne of Glory. The 
glass of this window is very rich, and the effect 
of the whole exceedingly good. The Altar is a 
slab of marble on oak legs, with a frontal of 
crimson velvet, on which is worked an ornamental 
Cross in gold, with the Sacred Monogram in the 
centre ; it stands on a black marble foot piece, 
raised upon a floor of encaustic tiles, and is ap- 
proached by three steps from the ChanceL The 
reredos, of Caen stone, richly gilt, is of five 
arched panels, surmoimted with canopies, and 
adorned with crockets and finials. In the centre 
is a Cross in relief, the points and shafts of which 
are ornamented with the emblems of the Four 

to be sung or said. This word is probably derived from 
the barbarous Latin fodda, a place shut up, a fold. (Hoohf^ 
Church Dictionary,) 


Evangelists. Two windows also of stained glass 
light the Chancel, under one of wEibh is the 
Sedilia. There is a Piscina on the South, and a 
Credence on the North, and next to the latter 
is a canopied recess, containing a brass plate on 
a black marble tablet, wlach records the date of 
the Consecration of the Church, and the sources 
from which the building fund was derived. There 
is a Priest's door on the South, and another on 
the North into the Vestry, which also has an 
open roof of oak, and two wmdows of stained 
glass. The organ chamber is on the North side 
of the Chancel, and is separated from it by an 
open stone screen. There are stalls on the North 
and South sides of the Cliancel for the Clergy 
and Choir. The roof is of oak panels, with gilt 
bosses, and the cornice is ornamented with ball 
flowers gilt. The whole of the interior fittings 
of the Church are most substantial and complete, 
and reflect the greatest credit on the architect 
and all connected with its construction. The 
exterior is also in good keeping. An oak Porch, 
of open wood work, forms an entrance on the 
South West of the Church, and a well propor- 
tioned lych gate,* surmounted by a Cross, is 
the entrance to the churchyard. A bell gable is 
placed on the Western end of the Nave, and 

* Lych gaU^ or corpse gate, from kick « dead body, hence 
Litchfield. Ilook*? Church Dictionary, 


GroBBea on the EaBtem end of ihe ChaaoeL On 
the day of Consecration (August 23rd, 1848), 
the Clergy met at the school room, and awaited 
the Bishop, on whose anival, they fcnrmed a pro- 
cession in their surplices to the Church. Amongst 
them were the Rev. R. W. Huntley, of Box- 
well, George Madan, of CSam, Rural Deans, Sir 
George Rrevost, Bart., W. F. Powell, of Ciren- 
cester, and about twenty others. The petition 
Sac Ccmsecraticm having been read, the Bishop 
and Clergy entered the Churdi, and proceeded 
to the Chancel, repeating the twenty fourth 
Psalm; after which, the Bishop duly signed 
the deed of Consecration. The service for the 
day then commenced The Prayers and litany 
were read by the Curates, the Rev. C. F. Lowder, 
and the Rev. H. H. Wyatt. The Lessons by the 
Rev. W. F. Powell, and Sir George Prevoet^ the 
Psalms and Canticles were chanted to Gregorian 
and English chants. The service for the Holy 
Communion was read by the Bishop, his two 
Chaplains, the Rev. T. Murray Browne, and Rev. 
G. N. Barrow, reading the Epistle and Gospel 
The sermon was preached by the Vicar, the Rev. 
John Frampton, from the fortieth chapter of 
Exodus, and thirty foin*th verse. The Offertory 
s^itences were then read, and the prayer for the 
Ch\ux)h militant followed ; after which, his Lord- 
ship consecrated the burial groimd, and the non- 
communicants having left the Church, the Holy 


Communion was administered. After the service, 
theBiahop. Clergy, aud many of the pariduoners 
were entertained by the Vicar. The children of 
the School, to the number of three hundred, to- 
gether with the workmen and others connected 
with the building of the Church, were also liber- 
ally entertained. 

There was a second service in the evening at 
seven o'clock, when the sermon was preached 
by the Rev. W. F. Powell, the Vicar of Cirencester.* 

Mr. S. W. Daukes, of Whitehall Place, London, 
was the architect. The Church of S. Andrews, 
Wells street, London, and the Agricultural College, 
at Cirencester, were also built by him. Mr. 
Francis Brown, of Tetbury, was the contractor for 
the worka 

The foUowing particulars respecting the Advow- 
son of Tetbuiy may not be out of place here. 

The Rectory and Advowson of Tetbury were 
originally granted by Thomas de S. Walerick 
(the last male heir of that family), in 1196, to 
the Benedictine Abbey of Eynesham,' in Oxford- 

> For the above particulan, see Oiaueeater Cknmicley Sept. 1848. 

'Egnesham or Eynahain Abbey, was of the Benedictine 
order, and was founded by Etheknare, Earl of Cornwall and 
Devonshire, before a.d. 1005, to the honour of the Blessed 
l^rgin Maiy, S. Benedict, and All Saints. It was valued at 
the dissolution of monasteries, 26 Hen. VUL, at £421 16s. Id., 
and was granted 35 Hen. Yin., to Sir Edward North and 
William Darcye. (Bishop Tanner's MomutMcaiu) 

1 2d 

illiire, and confirmed by the Bishop of Worcester, 
in whose diocese Tetbury was then situated/ 
To this Abbey it wa« afterwards made appn,priate. 
and a Vicarage" was oidaiued and endowed with 
the whole tithes of one part of the parish (Dough- 
ton) and ihe small tithes of the rest. The Rectory 
and the Advowson continued to be part of the 
possession of the Abbey of Eynsham, until its 
suppression aa one of the greater monaateries 
under the statute enacted for that purpose. 31 
Henry VIII (1540.) 

They both came then into the hands of the 
Crown, where they remained but a short time, 
being made by the King part of the endowment 
of Christ's Church, Oxford. This grant took place 
under Lettera Patent, 38 Henry VlIL (1547.) 

Christ Church, Oxford, continued to possess 
both the impropriate Rectory, and the Advowson, 
of the Vicarage until the 3rd of Elizabeth, 1561, 
when the College exchanged the advowson of the 
Vicarage of Tetbury, with Henry, Lord Berkeley, 
for that of Wootton under Edge, but retained 
the impropriate Rectory. 

mil ■ - ^ ■ ■ ■ - ■ 

^ The grant of Thomas de S. Walerick, of the advowson of 
Eynsham Abbey, and the confirmation thereof bj the Bishop 
of Worcester, is to be found in the Appendix to Steven's 
Supplement to the Manastictm, p. 99 to 101. 

* When an J Church b a vicarage, it maj be presumed that 
It formerly belonged to some reli^ous foundation. No vicarages 
existed in England before the reign of King John. 


George, Lord Berkeley, sold the Advowson of 
the Vicarage in 1632, to the Feoifees of the town, 
in trust for the inhabitants. The Feoffees ap- 
pointed the Vicar from that period, till the advow- 
son was sold (under the authority of an Act of 
Parliament), in 1839, to John Stanton, Esq. It 
has since been disposed of to Charles Stanton, 
Esq., of Bownham, Stroud, the present Patron of 
the living. 

The impropriate Rectory is at present held under 
Christ Church, Oxford, by R. S. Holford, Esq., 
M.P., for twenty one years, by the usual lease 
renewable every seven years. Its annual value 
is £266 16s. 

The tithes* of the Vicarage were commuted by 
agreement on the 28th October, 1837, for a rent 
charge of £807 17s., per annum, and this was 
confirmed by the Commissioners appointed under 
6 & 7 William IV., c. 91, on the 31st of December, 
1839. The value of the glebe, which consists of 
59 acres, 2 roods, 30 poles, of excellent arable and 
meadow land, is about £150 per annum. The 
reserved rents on property leased for lives, 
amounts to £52 7s. 6d per annum. 

There is a commodious Vicarage Hoiise and 

6 Tithes were anciently paid to any religious person at the 
will of the owner of the land, until the decree of Pope 
Innocent m., which confined the tithes to be paid to the 
Parson of the parish, about the year 1200. (Sir R. Atkyn's 
OloucesterMrty p. 7.) 


garden, opposite the Paxish Ghurch. The Vica- 
rage is endowed with the whole tithes of Dough- 
ton, and the small tithes of Upton, and of the 
rest of the parish (tJie Orange excepted), all but 

In Pope NichoW tax^ the Ghurdi of Tettebur, 
was placed at £24, and in the King^s books' 
£36 13& 4d. ; first fruits, £36 13a 4d. ; tenths, 
£3 13s. 4d. ; procurations, 10s. ; synodals, 2a ; 
penticostals, 2s. 6d 

Pabticulabs respecting Rev. John Wight. 

The Rev. John Wight, who was vicar of Tetbury 
from 1741 to 1777, was a great bene&ctor to the 
town, and the principle means of the present 
Parish Church being built, to which he himself 
subscribed £1500. He was Curate of Tetbury in 
1740, and from a MS. note in his own hand- 

^ Pope Nicholaa' tax (he waa the Fourth of that name, and 
held the Popedom from 1288 to 1292), was begun in the reign 
of Edward L, in the year 1288, and finished in 1291. The 
whole was under the direction of John [de Pontoi^, Bishop 
of Winton, he died in 1S04, and Oliver [Sutton] Bishop of 
Lincoln, who died in 1300. All the taxes were regulated by 
it, till 26 Heniy VIII. Preface to ike edition of Pope Nkkolas* 
TaXf puhUahed hy order of the Home of Commona. 

' See Dugdale's Monasticonf yol. ii. 168, where the parsonage 
of Tedburye, in the countie of Glostere, parcelle of Eynesham 
Abbey, is ii>|dued at zxxvjlL xi^s* iii|)d. See also Harl. MSS.y 
British Museum, No. 4316. 




















writing, I have obtained the following particulars 
respecting his appointment to the Vicarage of 
Tetbury. **! was nominated to y* Vicarage of 
Tetbury, Thursday, Jan''. 2l8t, and presented 
January 23rd, 1741-2. I was instituted April 
16 th ; present Mr. Sandford, of All Souls College, 
and Mr. Pitt, y* Bishop's Secretary (the Bishop at 
this time was Dr. Martin Benson, who died in 
1752), and inducted April 17th, 1742. Instituted 
by Dr. Anoel, inducted by Mr. Bryan.'' During 
the whole time of his Incumbency, he seems to 
have directed his best efforts to promote the 
prosperity and wdfere of the town; there being 
a scarcity of water, he erected the pump under 
the Market House, at his own expense ia 1749, 
and in the same year placed a set of chimes in 
the Church tower. 

In his endeavours to rebuild the Parish Church, 
he met with much opposition firom many of his 
parishioners ; who, fearful of the expense, wished 
to patch up the old building, which however was 
so &T decayed, as to be incapable of substantial 
repair. By his energy and self denial he tri- 
umphed over aU opposition, but unhappily did 
not live to see the Ailfilment of his designs. 
In the midst of all his trouble he seems to have 
had the warm and energetic support of the Bishop 
of the Diocese (then Dr. Benson), as the following 
letter will shew. It is a copy of the original in 
the Town Chest — 


Glocester, Dec. 19, 1743. 

Good Sir, — I thank you for y* paper you sent 
me enclosed in your letter. I had before heard of 
it, but not seen it. 

I am sorry for y* imhappy division and differ- 
ences w^ are in your parish. It is a satisfac- 
tion, however, to myself, that I did all that was 
in my power to quiet those y* were there, and 
prevent y* raising of any new ones. And if they 
would have hearken'd to me, all this unhappiness 
would have been prevented. 

You have I dare say y* same satisfaction, y* 
it has been ever since you came among them, 
your study and labour, to heal animosities, and 
to make and promote peace among them. It is 
by y* account you give, out of yoiu* and mine now 
and any one's power to be able to effect this. I can 
only pray for this blessing to them, and it is to be 
hoped y* themselves will at last see, what they can- 
not but feel, y* evils and mischief w** this unhappy 
spirit brings upon themselves and their parish. 

I was very glad to receive an account of some 
good, at y* same time, y* you sent me of so much 
iU in your parish. 

I beg of God to lessen y* one, and increase y® 
other; and, for this end, to bless you and your 
pastoral laboiuB, and am with much esteem. 
Your faithful humble servant, 
And affectionate brother, 



Mr. Wight was never married ; he was the 
first cousin of the Rev. Robert Wight, Rector of 
8. Mary Arches, Exeter, and Prebendary of 
Exeter Cathedral. The Wight's were an ancient 
family, formerly residing on their estate, near 
Bangscote and Wootton imder Edge. The Rev. 
John Wight, died 24 November, 1777, when the 
Rev. Dr. T. Croome Wickes, was elected vicar. 
The new Church was begun in 1777, and re- 
opened for Divine Service, October 8, 1781. 

In an old MSS. book belonging to Mr. Wight, 
lent me by a relative of his family, I found the 
following memorandum written partly in Greek, 
partly in English characters. It contains a very 
valuable testimony to the generosity and self 
denial of his character. It is as follows : — 

" I do promise in y"* presence of Almighty 
God, if He shall give me His grace, without 
the assistance of which, we can do nothing, to 
apply the fourth part of my income to public 
uses, if I can do it consistently with the perfor- 
mance of my duty to Him, my neighbours, and 
myself." October 9th, 1745. 

It was doubtless this goodly determination, 
made thirty two years before his death, which 
enabled him to contribute so munificently to the 
rebuilding of the Parish Church, and to other 
public objects. 

The extreme anxiety which he had always 
manifested for the rebuilding of the Parish Church 


never left him, and the following letter addressed 
by him, to those who had opposed his plans, and 
ordered by him not to be sent till after his death, 
shews how near the design was to his heart. 


This is deUver'd to you when 
praise and blame will affect me aUke ; and, I 
hereby assure you, that I was ever a sincere 
friend to my Parishioners, and never acted any 
part among them, but what would be for their 
benefit and advantage. Guided then at this 
time by the same good inclinations toward them, 
I earnestly entreat you to rebuild your Church, 
upon Mr. Hiom's best plan. It is beautiful, it 
is substantial, it is extremely elegant, and would 
be no small ornament to your town. Consider 
that if you collect no more monies among your- 
selves, V* I cannot think but you will the sooner 
to compleat the work, the interest itself will in 
a little time, enable you to do all you want Be 
pleased to accept my hearty wishes for your wel- 
fare in both worlds, and believe that to my last 
hour, I offered my prayers for you all, being, I 
assure you, my good friends, 

Your fisdthfrd Pastor, 

And most affectionate friend, 

Feb 11, 1775. 


Extracts from Parish Eegistebs and Church 

Warden's Books. 

Parochial registers for asoeitaiiiing the dates, 
te, of birthT^Lriage,. .>nd burii wer. firrt 
established by Cromwell, the Vicar General of 
Henry VIII., in 1536. By a constitution made 
by the Archbishop and Clergy of the province 
of Canterbury, 25th of October, 1697, it was 
ordered that Parish Register Books should be pur- 
chased at the expense of each Parish, and that 
there should be transcribed at the same Parish 
cost from the paper books then in use, into parch- 
ment registers, not only the names of those who 
had been baptised, married, or buried during the 
reign of the then Queen (which commenced in 
1558, a period of thirty nine years prior to the 
mandate), but also the names of those who thence- 
forth should be baptised, married, or buried. 
Such transcripts to be examined, and their cor- 
rectness certified at the bottom of each page, by 
the Clergyman and Churchwardens. Copies of 
the Registers were to be forwarded annually, 
within one month of Easter, by the respective 
Churchwardens, to the Registrar of the Diocese, 
that they might be faithfully preserved in the 
Episcopal archivea The constitution was approved 
of by the Queen, xmder the Great Seal of Eng- 


land, and ordered to be observed in both pro- 
vinces of Canterbiuy and York,* 

But although parochial roisters were ordered 
thus early to be kept, and provision also made for 
their preservation, the earliest existing registers of 
this parish commence on the 25th of March, 1631. 
(6 Car. L) As ordered by the constitution men- 
tioned above, all the early register books are of 
parchment, but are not always signed at the 
bottom of the page by the Vicar, and never, as 
I can find, by the Churchwardens. 

The first entry in the Baptismal Register, is- 
Thomas Austen, the son of Thomas Austen, 
baptised the 27th of March. 

The first in the Marriage Roister — 
Nicholas Lyde, and Susanna Shreefe, married 
7th of May. 

The first in the Burial Register, is— 
Clement Nicholas, buried 25th of March, 1631. 
There are no entries of marriages in the years 
1641, 1642, 1643, 1644, 1645, 1646, 1648, 1649, 
which is probably to be accounted for by the 
irregularities consequent upon the Civil Wars, 
diuing the Great Rebellion. 

There are no entries of burials in 1641, 1643, 
1644, 1645, 1646, and only one in 1647. Many 

^ See Sims' Manual for the Oenealogiat, Topographer^ Antiquary^ 
and the Legai Professor, Russell Smith, 1856 ; and Notes and 
Queries^ 2nd Series, Vol. ii, p. 378. 


of the entries of burials before 1661 are scarcely 

Many of the marriages contracted during the 
Commonwealth were mere civil contracts, no reli- 
gious ceremony being performed between the con- 
tracting parties. The first two entries of mar- 
riages in 1654 are signed by " Nath. Cripps," 
probably a magistrate residing at Upton. These 
are entered thus — 

John Haywood and Joane Saimders were mar- 
ried y* 6 of Aprill. 

Richard Nowell and Elizabeth Horwood were 
married 24 AprilL 

Nath. Cripps. 

Some other of the registers axe curiously 
enough entered, e,g. 

Saturday, December y' 13th, 1656, was borne 
Sarah Deninge, daughter of John Deninge, one 
quarter of an hour before 6 of the dock at night. 

1696. April 14, we have the entry, "A Quakers 
child borne." no name being given, probably from 
the parents refusing to allow the child to be 

1702. Oct 17, Elizabeth, daughter of John 
Bliss, Tetbury, borne on Friday morning at six, 
Oct. 16, and baptised Oct. 17. The old Vicar 
evidently being anxious that the date of his 
daughter's birth and baptism should be accurately 

In the following extracts I have endeavoured 


to select those who were closely connected with 
the parish, and therefore have an especial claim 
on our notice. 

From the Burial Register — 
Eichard Talboys, Esq., deceased, the 3rd of 
August, and was buried the 18th of August^ 1663. 
1658 The 15th of January, deceased ould Ambrose 

1665 John Denning, Clerk of this Parish for 

about fifty years, was buried the 25th 

day of May, iEtas 91. 
1667 Eliz. Creed, iU^ttimata (buried). 
1669 An Ejiowles, murdered by her own son, and 

buried Aprill y* 19th, 1669. 
Richard Knowles, hanged in irons, for mur- 

deren his own mother, August 4th. 

1674 Mr. Sam^ Gastrile, Oct. y* 30th 
Mr. John Elton, Dec. y* 18th. 

1675 Good wife Huging, May y* 24th. 

A child of Witch Warrand, Martch y* 12th. 
1678 Henry Heaven, scoolmaster. 
1689 A child of Witch Comleys, May y* first. 
1681 Mr. William Savage, Esquire, Octob. y* 3. 
1685 Mr. James GastrUe, deceased Octob. y® 12th. 
1696 Mr. Daniel Norris, Vicar, Aprill 22nd. 
1695 A child of Wm. Holfords, Dec. 5th. 

Mr. Deacon's kinswoman, 30th. 

A Quaker, January 31st. 

1700 Dr. Stedman, May 3rd. 

1701 A Stranger, Feb. 18. 


A Scotchman, May 28 

1703 Mr. Hall, Schoolmaster, June 5th. 

Old Crowther, a Quaker, January 21, 

1705 W°*. Holforda child, Nov. 4th. 

1708 A child found dead in the Church porch, 
buryed Feb. 14th. 

1 720 Charles Fisher, a soulder, was shot on Mon- 
day, May the 25th, 1720, at the four 
mile house for desertion- 
Witness, John Mitchell, Clark. 

1738 Elinor and AquiUa Turtell, kiUed by y* 
fall of an house, March 8. 

1769 Mrs. Mary Deacon, aged 84, much lamented, 
March 2. 

1773 James Stephens, our excellent Parish Clerk, 
aet. 53, November 6th. 

1775 Mary, d. of John Bamfield, killed by a 
waggon, Aug. 16. 

1777 Jane, d. of William Ludlam, a child mur- 
der d by its mother, May 19. 
The Kev. John Wight, M.A., Vicar of this 
Parish, aged 70, Nov. 24, * 

1786 Robt. Williams, Schoolmaster, May 17, 

Thomas Croome Wickes, D.D., Vicar of this 

Parish, April 7, 
A chimney-sweeper, name unknown, June 26, 

1788 Elizabeth, the relict of T. C. Wickes, D.D.,' 
late Vicar, Dec. 27. 

1792 Rev. Mr. Jn"* Richardes, Vicar of this 
Parish, May 31st 


1795 William Preen, found drown in a Canal 

between Stroud and Salperton, July 8th. 
1797 Mrs. Ann Taylor, in her life time a great 

benefactress to the Tetbury Sunday 

Schooljs, Dea 21st. 
1800 A poor soldier belonging to the 43rd Regt. 

of Foot, Dec. 1 7th. 
1803 The Rev. Mr. John Savage, Rector of Be- 

verstone, March 26th. 
Thos. Cripps, of Upton, Dea 30th. 
1807 Mary Smith, of Doughton, who was blind 

for many years, Dea 15tL 
1806 Mr. Robert Wight, one of the Feoffees of 

this Borough, March 5th. 
John Pill, jun'- who was executed at 

Fisherton, March 26. 
Mary Peters, found dead in a well, April 21. 
1811 Josiah, S. of Samuel and Sarah Lee, a 

gipsey boy, who was shot, Oct. 5. 

Churchwabdens' Accx>UNTa 

It may seem to some that the Churchwardens' 
accoimts of any parish are, in themselves, but of 
little interest, and are incapable of affording any 
information worthy of recording. However true 
this may be with respect to Churchwardens' 
accounts of modem date, which are generally 
arranged so as to give the least possible infer- 
mation» it certainly is not applicable to those 


of padt years, for it is from the entry in these 
aoooimts of various payments on several public 
occasions, that these events are rescued from 
entire oblivion. As has been truly observed 
by Mr. Nichols, in his Progresses of Queen 
Elizabeth^ ** Trifling as it may at first appear 
to enter the payment for ringing the bells at 
S. Margaret's, Westminster, Lambeth, &c., and 
the Churchwardens' accounts of other places, they 
have been of material service in pointing out 
dates of many a Royal visit, which had hereto- 
fore always escaped notice!' And although the 
the pariah accounts of such a country town as 
Tetbury could not for a moment be brought into 
competition with those of our great metropolitan 
parishes, in which many events of historical impor- 
tance annually occur, still many interesting facts 
respecting the fortunes of the town, and the 
manners and customs of our for^fetheiB. may be 
elicited from them ; which, but for these, and 
similar records, would be entirely lost to us. I 
have endeavoured to classify the extracts which 
follows in such a manner, as to place facts re- 
lating to similar events in the same category, 
adding explanatory notices whenever they seemed 

The Churchwardens' accounts for the Parish 
of Tetbury, commence in the year 1589. Edward 

' Pre&ee, vol. i., p. 1 10. 


Kenter, and Thomas Bird, are the names of the 
first Churchwardens recorded. For the first two 
or three years this is all that is put down. The 
first regular account is in the year 1592, and is 
as follows : — 

Ano. Dno. 1592, 
the seoonde of Apprill, in the xxxiiij* 

yere of the Queens Maiestes raigne. 
An even aocounte delivered by Richard 
Bridgwood and Bayley Woodroofe, Church- 
wardens in tedburie, before Roberte 
Walker Bailie, Mr. Greorge Estcourte, 
Willm. Myles, the day and yere above said 

Delivered in money to John Warrant 

and John Boxe, Churchwardens, xviiijs. ijd. 

Item. More uppon an ould account by 
Each*. Bridgwood and Bayley Woodroffe 
to gether up in their yere, xvs. ijd. 

Ch\u:che bookes delivered 

w"* other goodes imto John Boxe, 

and John Warrand, by Rich^ 

Bridgwood, and Bayley Woodroffe, 

Churchwardens, y* day and yere above said 

Imprimis, on surples, on silver cupp w*** a cover 
It. One table clothe w^ iij napkyna 
It. One brasse pott, and wood bucket. 
It. vj. bookesj w"* oertayne lead.* 
In the following years the Church vessels, 

^ The spelling here is identical with the original MSS. 



books, and furniture delivered from the Church- 
wardens of the preceding year to those of the 
following one, are regularly entered at the bottom 
of the year's accounts, and signed by those pre- 
sent at the Vestry at which the accounts were 
audited. The Bailiff usually signs first. 

I shall first mention the books which the Church- 
wardens of this parish were accustomed to hand 
over to their successors. They appear to have 
consisted of a Book of Homilies, a Book of Canons, 
Bishop Jewell's Apology, the Book of Articles, 
Foxe's Book of Martyrs, and the Paraphrase of 
Erasmus. The first entry of a book is — 
1594 One Homely [Homily] Book.' 
1599 The Parrifase of Erasmus, and a register 
book of parchment.* 

1607 One booke of Constitutions.' 

1608 The booke of y" Canons." 

1611 One booke called Jewell's book. In 1613, it 
is called Bishop Jewell's Apology.^ 


' The First Book of Homilies was put forth in the earlj part 
of Edward Yl's reign (1547,) the second hook in the 5th of 
Elizabeth (1563,) by order of Convocation. 

^ Desiderius Boterdamus Erasmus, was bom at Rotterdam 
in 1467, and died in 1536. He was a very learned man and 
published many works. In 1522-24, his Paraphroiis m 
Novum TesUmentum was published at Basil, in 2 vols* folio. 
In 1548, this paraphrase was published in English and Latin, 
in black letter, 4to. 

^ The book of Canons was enacted by Convocation in 1603. 

® Jolin Jewell, Bishop of Salisbury, was born at Buden, in 


1614 A new Comon Prayer Book. 

1633 One Table of Degrees/ 

1640 Item, p*. for a booke against the fast,* 2 

1657 Layd out for an act for the observinge 

of y* Sabaoth, 00 00 6 

1664 P*. flfor the booke of Articles/ 00 01 00 

1665 For a booke for the fast,' 00 01 00 

Defvon, m 1522, and died in 1571. His Apologia EccUsub 
Anglicana was first published in London, in 1562, in large 
8to., other editions were published in 1581, 1591, 1599, &c. 
It was frequently printed in England, and several times on 
the Continent, where it was translated into German, Italian, 
French, Spanish and Dutch. A Greek translation was pub- 
lished in Oxford in 1614, and in Welch at the same place. 
By the order of Queen Elizabeth, James L, and Charles I., 
and four Archbishops in succesmon, the Apology was ordered 
to be read, and chained up in all parish Churches throughout 
England and Wales. Watts' Bibliotheca Britannica. 

* The Table of Ejndred and Affinity, " Wherein whosoever 
are related are forbidden in Scripture and our laws to marry 
together," was ^rawn up by Archbishop Parker, in 1563, and 
is ordered by the 99th Canon, to be set up in all Churches. 

* Nov. 12, 1640, the Commons, in concurrence with the 
Lords, moved the King for a fast which was appointed and 
held. British Chronologistj vol. i., p. 203. 

* In 1552, Forty-two Articles of Beligion were published, 
they were reduced to thirty-nine in 1562, by Archbishop 
Parker and Convocation. They received again the authority 
of Convocation in 1571, as well as that of Parliament. See 
E. H. Browne's Introduction to Expotitum of Thirty-nine ArtieltSf 
and Hardwick*s History of the Articlea. 

1 1665, April 5. A fast was observed on this day for the 
success of the war against the Dutch. British Chronohgist^ 


1671 P. for y* booke of Marters,* 01 00 00 

1688 Paid for a booke with thanksgiving 

Prayer for a Prince of Wales,* 10 

1689 Paid for a proclamacon for the ffast^ 

and the booke of Prayers, 00 01 06 

1689 Ffor a statute book, and y* K*. deda- 

racion, 00 03 00 

1696 P. charges for 3 warr*" ag*. Sabbath 

breakers, 3 

The Church Furniture next comes under our 
notica In 1612 a Pulpit Cushion is first men- 
1613 linen for the Communion Table is first 

1617 One oiwe glass. 
1629 This year a green Pulpitt cloth. 
1656 It. Paid for a new Pulpitt cloth, 01 08 06 
1662 Payd Samuell Saunders for Holland 

to make y* surpluss, 04 07 06 

yol. L, p. 261. July 5, 1665; a &8t was ordered to be 
observed on account of the plague, the first Wednesday in 
eyerj month. 

* John Foxe, Prebendary of Salbbury was bom 1517, and 
died 1687. He published in folio, London, 1563, "Acts and 
Monuments of these last and perilous days, touching matters 
of the Church." It passed through ton editions between that 
year and 1683; since which, no complete edition has been 
published. Watts' Bibtiaiheca BrUanmca, 

* June 10, 1688. A Prince of Wales bom, who was named 

^ May 23, 1689. A proclamation for a fast was made to be 


1676 Ffor an houre glasse, 00 00 09 

1688 P. for a Communion cup, 4 16 

The following are the most remarkable entries 
relating to the history of the times : — 

1640 Item. P*. to the ringars on the 5 of 

November, 2 6 

1641 Item. For the ringers the 7th of Sep- 

tember and the 5 Nov. 4 6 

1649 Item. Payed for the [ . *] money and 

unto the Sessions for maymed soldiers 

and for widdowes and orfans, 2 10 3 

1649 Item. Payed to poor passengers that 

came with passes, 2 11 

1656 It. Payd for the exchanging of y* 

clapper for y* greate bell, 00 19 00 

It. Paid for a bason and fi^me for 
baptizinge of Infanta, 00 19 00 

1657 Paid to travellers with breifes, 00 03 00 
Payd the High Constable an impo- 
sition, layd upon the towne and 
pish towards the repairing of Chep- 
stowe Bridge and Cainesham. 01 09 03 

1659 It. P*. for ringeinge on Gunpowder 
Treason day and proclaimoinge the 
L*. Protector.® 

kept about London on the 6th of June, and on the 19th in 
other parts of Engbuid. 

^ A word ifl here illegible in the original MSS. 

^ Oliver Cromwell was proolaimed Protector, Dec. 12, 1653. 


1664 Given to the ringers when the King 
[Charles II.] came through the town, 

00 15 00 
1 675 Ffor ringing on Gunpowder Treason day, 

and on the Kings birthday,^ and at 
routing the rebells* and other times, 

01 12 06 
1687 Ffor ringing the bells when K. James 

came through the town,^ 01 05 00 

For ringing on the late K*. birthday,' 

00 05 00 
For ringing on Coronation day,* 00 02 06 

7 James 11. was born the 14th Oct., 1683. 

^ This probably refers to the defeat of the rebels, under the 
Duke of Monmouth, at Sedgmoor, on the 6th of July, 1685. 
For full particulai's see Macaulay, vol. i., p. 608-612. 

9 James II., on the 16th of August, 1687, left Windsor for 
Portsmouth, 'when he '* walked round the fortifications, touched 
some scrofulous people, and then proceeded in one of his yachts 
to Southampton." From Southampton he went to Bath, where 
he left the Queen. When he departed, the High Sheriff of 
Somersetshire accompanied him to the frontier of the County, 
where the High Sheriff of Gloucestershire was in attendance. 
The Duke of Beaufort soon after met him and conducted him to 
Badminton, where a splendid banquet was prepared. In the 
afternoon he proceeded to Gloucester, and in so doing, probably 
passed through Tetbury. — Compare Macaulay, vol. ii., 294-295. 

1 King James EL was crowned at Westminster Abbey, on the 
2drd of April, 1685. The sermon was preached by Francis 
Turner, Bishop of Ely, and Lord High Almoner. — ^Macaulay, 
vol. i., p. 473-476. 


1688 Ffor ringing at our K'. coming in,* 10 
Ffor ringing at the K'. being pro- 
claimed,* 12 6 
Ffor the late K*. declaration,' 10 

1691 Gave for ringers 9'. 5'. (Nov. 5), for 

the victory in Ireland,* the return 
of the Eonge,^ and at severall other 
times, 01 08 00 

1692 Gave the ringers for the victory at 

sea,* 5 00 

1693 Paid by my partner for ringing on 

the Kings birthday,'' the return of 

* William III. landed at Torbaj, on the 5th November, 1688. 
— ^Macaulaj, vol. ii., p. 483. He was proclaimed 12th Feb., 
1689, bj the Heralds, at the usual places in London and West- 

* April 27 th, 1688, James H. issued another Declaration of 
Liberty of Conscience, in which the former declaration, of 4th 
April, 1687, is recited. — British Chron,, vol. i., p. 846. 

* The yictorj in Ireland here mentioned, is the celebrated 
Battle of the Boyne, fought between William HI. and his 
&ther-in-law, James II., on the Ist July, 1690, in which the 
army of the latter was totally defeated. — Macaulay, vol. iii., p. 

* William HI., returned from Ireland, sailing from Waterford, 
and landing at Bristol, Sept. 6th, 1690. He stopped one day 
at Badminton, on his way to London. 

^ This victory was the Battle of La Hogue, fought May 19ib, 
1692, in which the English fleet, under Russell, totally defeated 
the French, under Tourville, and destroyed twenty-one of the 
largest French men-of-war. 

7 William, son of Henry Frederick, Prince of Orange, and 


the King from Flanders, and on Gun- 
powder Treason day, 13 5. 
1693-4 For tolling at the Queen's ftineral,* 3 0. 
1695 To the ringers when Namur was sur- 

surrendered,' 5 

For ringing at the Bangs return,* 6 0. 
1698 Gave the ringers on the news of 

peace,* 12 

Gave them when peace was proclaimed,' 

Nov. 19, being the day of the Bang's 
retium, gave the ringers,* 10 

Marj, daughter of Charles I., was bom at the Hague, 14th 
Nov., 1650. 

^ Queen Mary died at Kensington, 28th Dec., 1693, and was 
buried with great magnificence at Westminster Abbej, on the 
5th of March following. The Dukes of Norfolk, Somerset, and 
Northumberland, the Marquess of Normanbj, and the E^rls of 
Kent, and Derby, were the pall-bearers. Tenison, Archbishop of 
Canterbury, preached from Eccles. vii., 14. All the bells of 
the Churches throughout England were ordered to be tolled 
on that day. (Sandford's Qenealogy of Eoyal FcanUy^ p. 720.) 

^ The town of Namur was surrendered 23rd July, 1695. 
William III. was the English general. Marshal Boufflers the 

> William in. returned from Flanders, 11th October, 1695. 

> The Treaty of Peace was signed at Byswick, between 
England, France, Spain, Holland, and Germany, on the 20th 
of September, 1697. By this fiunous treaty the peace of 
Europe was established. — Haydn. 

* Peace was proclaimed in England. 

^ William in. returned from Holland in the autumn of 1698, 


1700 Paid for ringing on S. George's day,* 2 6. 

The items that follow relate to the repairing 
and beautifying of the ChnrcL 

1663 Item. Paid for pointing the steeple, 

and mending and gilding the weather- 
cock and work, 6 16 6 
1661 Payd for mending the King's armes, 

that is carved in tymber, 00 10 00 

Payd for the makinge of the new 
King's armes in the flfram', 04 00 00 

1664 P*. to Thomas Avery for leading the 

font, 02 03 10 

P^. for the cover for the ffont to R. 
Groom, 02 09 06 

1671 Paid for raissing y* bailifes seat and 
timber, and mending other seats in 
the Church, 01 10 11 

1678 Payde towards the mending and re- 

pairinge the tower and steeple to 
W". Chapman, 45 14 02 

1679 Payd Stephen Lews for repairing of 

the Church porch, 02 01 08 

having settled there the Treaty of Partition. This treaty was 
signed on the 11th Oct., and regulated the succession to the 
Spanish Crown. 

^ James II. was crowned on the 22nd of April (being S. 
George's Day.) Perhaps some Jacobites at Tetbury, in their 
zeal for the exiled King, caused the bells to be rung on this 
day. James II. died at S. Germains, Sept 6th, 1704, aged 68. 


1685 To John Sherman, for making a gallery, 
a ringing loft, aixd a beare, and seal- 
ing [ . ®] in the Church, and other 
work, and for timber and irons, 59 06 06. 

1691 Paid to Tho. Thombnry for a candle- 
stick, 03 15 00 
P. to Robert Meddy for the King^s 

Arms, 05 05 

Paid Thomas Thombury for another 
candlestick, 3 10 

1695 P*. James Browne for work about the 

tower in new leading thereof, 15 9 11 
For casting the brasses, 1 1 10 

1698 For the pulpit candlestick, 15 6 

1702 P*. for a box to put the surplice in, 1 

The following entries occur for killing vermin : — 

1673 Payd for killing of 5 hedhoggs, 00 00 06 

1678 Payd for a killinge a foxe, 00 01 00 

1680 Payd for 4 fFoxes heades, 00 04 00 

1684 For a ffoxes head, 19 hedghoggs, and 

4 joyes (jays), 00 03 01 

1685 For 22 foxes heads, 01 02 00 
1687 P*. for ffour fFoxes heads to Mr. Hunt- 
ley's man, and 12 to the Duke of 
Beaufort's man, 00 16 00 

A word is here iU^ible in the MSS. 



1640 Item. For bread and wine the whole 

year for Sacramenttes, 5 14 7 

1633 Item. Ilec^ gathered for bread and wine 

1624 Item. Rec*. for Mr. Gastreirs rate, 10 
1626 Item. One lease of the Church House, 

granted to Mr. Sperte, to be delivered 
from Churchwardens successively one 
to another 
1630 Item. Rec*. for the Church house rent, 

6 3 4 
1638 Item. A gift of £3 that was given by 

the Widow West, of Upton, unto the 
Church, was bestowed towards the 
building of a gallery. 

1656 It. Payd out in expenses in o' journey 
to Glouc*" being warned to deliver 
in accompt of y* Ministers salary. 

1659 For send^g th; money forTLd to 

y* Sheriff, 10 

1674 To Roger Webb, for looking to the 

Church in tyme of catechising the 
children, 00 01 00 

1675 Payd for bridge money 00 19 00 
1684 To John Hooper, for writing the re- 
sponses in the Book of Comon Prayer, 

00 01 08 


To John Holland for writing rules of 
instruction for charitable uBes, 01 02 06 
In this year mention is made, in tjie Church 
goods delivered by the old to the new Church- 
wardens^ of a copy of ** The Kings' declaracon of 
touching for the evil ".' 

1694 Spent in making 3 journeys to the 

EJarl of Berks, before he would pay 

me, 5 

1656 Under the head of convicion money 

is mentioned— 

Rec*. of John Wild^ being convicted for 

tiplinge' 3 4 

Rec*. of Nicholas Porthurye, of Bibury, 
for swearing foure oathes,' 13 4 

' The King's evil was supposed to be cured by the touch of 
the Sovereign of En^and. The first who touched for it 
was Edward the Confessor, 1058. In the reign of Charles II., 
this credulity had risen to such a height, that in 14 years 
92,107 persons were touched, and according to Wiseman, the 
King's physician, they were nearly all cured I Queen Anne 
announced in the London OazetU^ March 12, 1712, her Royal 
intention to touch publicly for the cure ^ the eviL The 
custom was ultimately dropped by George L, 1714. 

* By statute 4 Jac. I., c. 5 (1607), drunkenness is punished 
with the forfeiture of 68., or sitting six hours in the stocks ; 
and there were many wholesome statutes passed in the reign 
of King James, which regulate the licensing of ale houses, 
and punish persons found tippling in them. Blackstone's 
Chmmeniariu^ Book iv*, e. 4, sec. 10. 

* The last statute against swearing and cursing is 19 Geo. 11^ 
c 81, which repeals all former ones, and orders that eveiy 



Bep^ of Phillip Greene, for swearinge, 3 4 
Bee* of Anthony Pokon, for selling 
beare lesse than meajsure, 20 

1700 Bec^ of Jonathan Skelton, for suffering 
tipling in his house on a Lorde's 
day, 10 

John Morton, for two curses, 4 

James Johnson Scott, for being drunk, 


Monuments in the Old Chubch, 

The old Church, which was pulled down in 
1777 to make room for the present one, contained 
many valuable monuments, especially an Altar 
one to the great William de Braose, which was 
erected under the arch which separated the 
Chancel from the South Aisle. It with many 
others was destroyed at the time of the re- 
building of the Church ; but the inscriptions on 
several of the monuments have been preserved 
in Budder, and in some of the Parish Begisters. 
These are given below together, with some of 
most remarkable in the present Church. Copies 
of aU the remaining inscriptions in the Parish 

labourer, soldier, or sailor, profanely sweaiiDg shall forfeit Is.; 
every other person under the degree of a gentleman, 2s.; and 
every gentleman or person of superior rank, ffs. Ibid.,, Book 
iv., c. 4, sec. 5. 



Church at present, are given in the Appendix 
No. IIL 

On the left-hand entering the old Church was 
a little Chapel, wherein stood "a fair wall pieoe 
and livelj effigies of John Savage, Gent., in 
his sable robes. kneeUng." 

In the same Chapel lyeth the body of William 
Savage, Esq., the father of Charles Savage, 
Gent., " a great lover of antiquity, and a studious 
gentleman in Heraldrie." 

There is also another wall piece in memory of 
Mr. John Savage. 

Over Mr. Savage's seate, facing the pulpit, 
hangeth a large tablet, whereon is written in 
letters of gold : 

To the happy memory of Chaslbs Savage, of Broadway, 
in the County of Worcester, Esqre., and Elizabeth his wife, 
the daughter of Anthony Abington, of Dowdswell, Esqre.^ 

On a brass tablet let into a stone slab in the 

South Cloister of the present Church, having 

evidently been removed from the old one, is the 
following inscription : 

Hic JACET Franciscus Savaob 
FiLius QyALTERi Savaoe db Brod- 


rr 2o DIE March, ano. Doboni 167 1. 
Maria uxor ejus Filia Edhun- 
Di EsTCOURT Gen : obmt 26® 
DIE August Anno Dom. 1645. 

» Abel Wantner'i MS. Hist, of 


In the old Churdh, on the West side, there 
was a monument to John Savage, who was re- 
presented kneeling before an Altar ; and this 
quaint inscription upon it in capital letters : 

Oar bodies all received of earth, Earth must againe them 

Uhtill the Lord shall raise them up, to life from deadly 

sleepe : 
Our souls aloft to Heaven shall mounts where death them 

cannot inresse ; 
Death only is a Dore to us, the true life to possesse; 
Our glofj here still vanishing, prone to decay* to &U, 
Shall after death be stablished, be made Angelicall. 
What then I what then ! Though Savage Death, our Savage 

thus hath slayne. 
Regard it not, 'tis nothing, for, it was with Christ to raigne. 
John Sayaob, Gknt, deoeas'd, the 28th Maye, Anno Dot 

In the present Church, On a handsome Monu* 

over the Yestiy door. ment on the South side 

M.S. of the Altar. 

Joannis Sitvage, Arm. 
Qui e vitk cessit, m.8. 

Decembris 19, Joannis Savage, AM. 

A.D. 1772. Yin innocni, probi, pii, 

Frauds Savage, Gen.. q^j yj^jj^ annos liz. 

OWit Oct 18, A.i>. 1769, M.64. Qbiit xvii. Mart mdccciU. 

EHzabeiha Savage, 
OUitNov. 14, A.D. 1777,iB.69. 

Eleanora Savage, 
Obiit Aug. 6, A.D. 1763, JB. 49. 

On a monumental tablet on the North side of 
the Chancel was this inscription:^ 


. Eito fidelis nique ad mortem, at dabo tibi CdFooam Yitn. 

In Remembrance 
of tbat Grave Gentleman^ 


Who, after a Pilgrimage of 67 years, 

Departed this Life, drd Aug., a.d. 1663. 

Eatherine his wife 

as a pledge of surviving Love hath erected [this monument] 

Senibus uxors est in januis juvenibus 

vero in insidiis. Attende tibi ipsi viator. 

On the South side of the Chancel, ''under a 
feire blew grave stone/' were interred the bodies 
of John Elton, of Tetbury, Graduated Doctor 
of Physick, and Joan, his wife, and Charles their 
youngest son.' 

In the old Church, upon a flat stone in the 
South aisle, was the following inscription :* 

Here lyeth y* body of Makt, the wife of Nathanisl Cbipps, 
Gknt, daughter of Samitbl Bubooxbe, of Sodburj, Gent, who 
departed thb life the ISth day of July, 1710, iBtatis suas 86. 
Her body earthly was, and to the earth 
Descended is, from whence it took its birdi ; 
Her soul from a more high original 
Mounted aloft> became AngelicaL 
Clog not her wings, then, with your dewy tears. 
On which she's raised above the starry spheres : 
Cease, husband ; children, cease ; ^ve Qod the pnuse. 
Which she now warbles in immortal layes. 
Also Margaret, the daughter of y* said Nathaniel and 
Margaret, departed y« life y« 13th of July, 1710. 

Here also lyeth the body of the aforesaid Nathaniel Cripps, 

* Wantner's History of OloucetUrMre, 
* Rudder, p. 782. 


who departed thifl life the 23rd day of March, Anno Dom. 
1739-40, ^tatia suae, 65. 

An epitaph in old Tetbuiy Church : 

See here ihi».plott for all her store, 

WiUi greedie throale still gapes for more ; 

For newlj now she has tomb'd in earth 

The bodj of Sam. Gastrbll, Gentile by birth, 

Bereft of life in the month of Sept' , 

One thousand, six hundred, and seventy four.^ 

In a vault under an old Church were found, in 
the year 1771, an amazing quantity of human 
bones, merely laid one upon another. The heap 
was about four feet in depth, eight feet in breadth, 
and eighteen feet in length ; they were tolerably 
sound, and must probably have been there for 
many hundred years, as tradition does not give 
us any information concerning them.* 

On the North side of the altar in the present 
Church, is the monument of the great bene£su^tor 
of this town, Sir William Romney ; a marble bust 
of Sir Wflliam is placed over the inscription, which 
is as follows : — 

'* This monument was erected in memory of 

St' William Romney, Kn^ , one of the Aldermen and 

Sheriffs of London, in the year of Our Lord, 1603, 

a native of Tetbury, and a great Bene&ctor to it, 

at the desire of John Wight, M.A., 

36 years Vicar of the Parish, and a sincere lover of it, 

which he manifested by many Public Charities, as well 

^ Paroch. Register No. 2. 
• MSS. note of the Rev> John Wight, Paroch. Reg. No. 2. 


aa being Uie principAl BenefiMStor and Promoter of 
building this Church, which was opened Oct 7, 1781* 
The said John Wight departed this life 
at the age of 70 years, Nov. 24, 1777. 
Reader, encourage no unnecessary suits of law amongst thy 
neighbours, but always follow after the things that make for 
Peace ; be Public Spirited, and if thou art of sufficient ability, 
be sure to add some ornament to the House of God. Give some- 
thing to thy Poor Brother, to the Widow, and Fatherless. Amen. 

Underneath are the arms of Romney and 
Wight. The former are — ^Azure, on a bend cotised 
argent, three escalop shells, gules.^ The latter — 
Gules, a Chevron between three boars' heads, 
couped, or. 

On a tomb in the Church Yard : 

Here lieth the Bodie of William Packer, 

Who was to truth a Friende. 

He lived a godly life. 

And made a godly end. 

Sept. 11^. 1752, aged 61 years. 

On a small oval marble tablet, near the West 

door of the present Church : 

M. S. 
DeborsB Uxoris Jacobi Roche de Merriott de Comitatu 
Somersetensi Grenerosi, Quaa obijt quinto Die mensis 
Julij, A.D. MDOCXX, anno suas aetat xxix. Nee non 
Patricij eorum filij in&ntuli, qui obijt ultimo 
die ejusdem mensis et Anni. 

On the top are their arms, gules, three roaches 
in pale proper : underneath 

MoKapioi oi viKpoi oi cv jcvpcy airodvq<ricovrcc- 
7 Harleian MSS., No. 1463, p. 102. 


Affixed to the Vestiy wall is a tablet bearing 
the following mscription : 

In memory of 
Mr. John Thomas, who 

died Feb. the 13^ 1705. , 

He gave j* overseen i 

of the poor of this parish 

Ten Pounds to be left in 

the Parse for ever. 

This tablet was erected in y^ year 17 10, 

By James Thomas, His Son and Executor. 

On a marble slab near the West door b in- 
scribed 88 follows : 

In a Vault underneath 

lie several of the Sauhdkbsbs 

late of this Parish : — Particulars 

the last day will disclose. Amen. 

Underneath are the arms of the Saunderses^ 
Per chevron, sable and argent; three elephants' 
heads^ erazed, two and one, countercharged — with 
the Motto— iVbn ad pemiciem sed ad defmdonem. 

I shaQ conclude this diapter with a few re- 
marics on the proper character of mscriptions on 
Christian monuments. 

"The principal intention of epitaphs" says Dr. 
Johnson,' " is to perpetuate the examples of virtue, 
that the tomb of a good man may supply the 
want of his presence, and veneration fi>r his me- 
mory produce the same effect as the observation 
of his virtues.'' This dictum of the great doctor. 

• Worka^ rol. ii.» p. 272, hy Arthur Murphy, 1792. 


if generaUy carried into practice, would preserve 
us from many of the fulsome and laudatory in- 
scriptions which now disfigure so many of our 

That man would deserve well of his countiy- 
men who would persuade them to erect Christian 
memorials to their departed frienda Monuments, 
and the inscriptions upon them, should ever be 
strictly in accordance with the spirit of the place 
where they are erected. When we commit our 
beloved ones to the earth, in sure and certain 
hope of the general Besurrection at the last Great 
Day, should we not also seek to mark the spot» 
were they rest tUl the mom of the Besurrection, 
as the sleeping place of a Christian, of one, who, 
having for a time laid aside the burden of the 
body, awaits in hope the coming of his Lord to 
judgment 1 

Surely it is not too much to ask that the 
monuments in English Churches should harmon- 
ize with the character of the sacred edifices, and 
the inscriptions on them accord with her doctrines ; 
yet how seldom is this the case ? How rare, till 
of late years, to find in any Churchyard the sym- 
bol of our redemption, the Holy Cross* erected over 

' Crosses were yerj anciently fixed as carved monuments 
and grave stones. Among the laws of Kenneth, King of 
Scotland, a.d. 840, we meet with this ; Esteem every sepulchre 
or grave-stone sacred, and adorn it with the sign of the Cross, 


the grave of those, who, if they were Christians, 
indeed, had daily borne it after their Lord. Yet, 
how common is it now to see in every Church- 
yard, the symbols wherewith the Pagans of old, 
marked the burial places of their dead, the inver- 
ted torch, to symbolize that all hope had fled ; 
think of this over the grave of a Christian, 
whose hope should be in his death 1 The sepid- 
chral urn, which in heathen times contained the 
ashes of those, whose bodies had been burnt after 
death ; think of this as a Christian memorial 
over one, whose body had been the temple of the 
Holy Ghost ! If Christian mourners for a moment 
allowed sudi thoughts as these to take possession 
of their minds, they could not permit the resting 
place of their beloved ones to be desecrated by 
these symbols of a heathen worship, a worship 
which delighted to honour, not the God who 
created and redeemed them, but the devil and 
his angels, who ever seeks to ruin and destroy 

The proper designs of a Christian epitaph is 
to exdte in the mind of the reader, penitential 
sorrow, or consolatory reflection. The tomb of a 
Christian should speak to the passer-by, of the 
uncertainty of life, of the blessedness of purity 
and holiness, and of the sure reward laid 

which take care you do not so much as tread upon. Gough's 
Sepulchral MonumeniSf p. 3^. 


up in store for the godly. If such were the 
case, they being dead, would yet speak to us> 
would urge us to follow their example, would 
incite us to greater humility and watchfulness; 
as we passed by their silent tombs to enter the 
House of God, solemn thoughts would arise in oiu* 
hearts, we should remember that we were treading 
on holy ground, that around us rested the dust 
of Saints, waiting for the quickening breath of 
their Lord and Giver of life to awaken them to 
an immortality of bliss. 

Such are the thoughts which Christian memo- 
rials in a Churchyard might raise in our hearts ; 
and, therefore, it becomes the duty of every 
Christian to seek in his measure to render the 
graves of our departed ones, teachers of good to 
those who yet live. Each one, however humble, 
may bear his share in the good work. And we 
have good hope that such a spirit is even now 
arising in our land, as will, before many years 
elapse, altogether banish even the thought of 
erecting any symbol of heathenism in omr Church- 



The Tbtbury Chabities. 

Scheme for Regulating the Tetbnry Charitj Estatei,— Abstract of Wills 
of Different BeneflMstors,— Sir William Bomney,— Sir Thomas Estcourt, 
— John Veisey, && 

The Charities of this town are very numerous, 
^ were <mginany given by nZj different 
indiwluala Ihoy' £. di^Lted Lder the 
superintendence of the Vicar, Churchwardens, and 
Feoffees. Those given away by the latter, are 
regulated by a scheme drawn up for the future 
application of the revenues of the Tetbury Charity 
Estates, and confirmed by the Court of Chancery^ 
on the 24th of February, 1830, which is as 
follows : — 

In the matter of the Tetbury Estates. 
Scheme for the fiiture application of the revenues 
of the Tetbury Charity Estates, laid before the 
Master,' to whom this matter was referred by 
the Trustees of the said Charities, and approved 
of by him m his report, bearing date the 24th 
day of February, 1830, and subsequently con- 
firmed by the Court. 

I Sir Giffin Wilson. 


First. That thirty pounds per annum be be- 
stowed in gowns for the poor Vf Tetbury, in such 
manner as the Feoffees for the time being, or the 
majority of them, ahaU think fit. 

Secondly. That seventy poimds per annum be 
paid to a schoohnaster, for teaching poor children 
of the inhabitants of the said town, to read, write, 
and cast accounts ; and that the Feoffees for the 
time being, or the majority of them, shall have 
the appointment of the said schoolmaster. 

Thirdly. That thirty five poimds per annum be 
paid to a schoolmistress^ for teaching poor female 
children of the inhabitants of the said town, to 
read, write, and cast accounts, and also for in* 
structing them in needle-work ; the schoolmis- 
tress to be appointed and removed firom time to 
time as occasion may require, by the majority 
of the Feoffees for the time being. 

Fourthly. That the sum of thirty pounds per 
annum be allowed for books and the general 
expenoes of ike boys and girls school, to be kid 
out at the discretion of the Vicar and Feoffees, 
or the majority of them for the time being. 

Fifthly. That the Feoffees for the time being, 
or the majority of them, be at liberty to cause 
such part of the Market House of the said town, 
to be fitted up for school rooms for the said boys 
and girls schools as they shall think fit, and that 
the expence thereof be defrayed out of the Charity 


Sixthly. That the management of both the 
boys and girls schools, be under the superintend 
d^ice of the Vicar of Tetbury for the time being, 
as weU as of the Feoffees of the said Charity 

Seventhly. That thirty pounds per annum be 
paid to a Lecturer, to be chosen by the greater 
number of the Feoffees for the time being ; the 
lectures to commence every year on the third 
Sunday in April, and continue to be given every 
Sunday following until the third Sunday in 

Eiirhthly. That twenty pounds per annum be 
paiTfor Tppr^nticing p^r childreTbom in the 
said town. 

Ninthly. That thirty-one pounds four shillings 
per annum, (being at the rate of twelve shiUings 
a week,) be paid to a night watehman, t« watch 
che said town and borough, who shall be ap- 
pointed and removed as occasion may require, 
by the majority of Feoffees for the time being. 

And lastly. That the surplus revenues of the 
said Charity Estates (after such annual payments 
shall be fully made and discharged,) be applied 
for the best use, general good, and advantage of 
« the said town and borough of Tetbury, in such 
manner aad form aa the said trustees for the 
time being or the majority of them shaU in their 
discretion think advisabla 

They are distributed among the poor parish- 


ionens according to the regulation of the will of 
the several donors, principally on S. Thomas day. 
New Year's day, Lady day, and Easter Monday, 
in each year. 

The following abstract of the wills of the 
different benefactors will give the most trustworthy 
information respecting the nature of the different 
charities, and the objects which the donors had 
in founding them. 

1610. Sm William Romney, Knight, bom in 
Tetbury, and one of the Aldermen of London, 
having a lease of the toUs and profits of the Fairs 
and Markets of the town of Tetbury, determining 
in a few years after his decease, by his will gave 
the same lease during its continuance to the town, 
for the uses following, viz :— 

Five shillings per week to the poor. 

Thirteen pounds per annum for a Schoolmas* 
ter to teach the children of the town and parish, 

Six pounds towards the maintaining of a weekly 
lecture, and the residue to the Bailiff of Tetbury, 
for the time being. 

In 1640, a purchase was made by the princi- 
pal inhabitants (the savings fix)m the said lease 
forming part of the consideration money,) of the 
Markets and Fairs of Tetbury, and the tithes 
and profits thereof ; and it was, by an agreement 
called the Tripartite Deed (which had been pre- 
viously executed,) declared that. 


Ten pounds per annum, should be distributed 
in gowns to the poor. 

Twenty poimds per annum, paid to a school* 
master and ush^ to teach the children of the 
said town. 

Ten potmds per annum, paid for a Lecturer. 

Five pounds per annum, laid out in appren- 
ticmg poor childmi bom in the said town. 

But that if the profits of the Fair and Markets 
should decay, then, the payments should be dis- 
continued or abated. It was also agreed that 
the fifty pounds given by the will of William 
Langstone, and twenty pounds received for the 
detaining thereof, should be laid out towards the 
payment of the purchase aforesaid ; and, that 
four poimds by the year, (now called Bailiff's 
money) mentioned in the will of the said William 
Langstone, payable to the poor, from the said fifty 
pounds, should be continued for ever to the poor. 
And that the twenty pounds given to the poor 
by John Maltbt, derk, should be employed 
towards the pinx)hase aforesaid, and that twenty 
shillings by the year should be for ever paid for 
the said twenty pounds to the poor in the alms- 
house there. 

1642, April 10th. Sib Thomas Estoourt, by 
wiQ of this date, gave and appointed forty shillings 
a year, chargeable on his tenements in Tetbury, 
for a lecture in Tetbury foxur times in the year, 
for ever ; and the residue of the said rents to 


be distributed for the relief of the poor of Tetbury 
and Dursley, equally between them. 

* 1677. John Veizby, by his will, gave to his 
kinsman, John Witney, and his heirs for ever, 
his ground adjoining to the way leading from 
Upton to Tetbury, and charged upon the said 
ground the sum of thirty shiDings per annum, 
to be distributed as follows : — 

Ten shillings per annum, to be paid to the 
Vicar of Tetbury, for preaching a sermon in the 
Parish Church of Tetbury every year, on the 
day of the said testator's burial ; and after the 
death of the said Vicar, to be paid to such Minister 
as the Churchwardens for the time being shall 
appoint to preach such sermons. 

Twenty shillings per annum, to the poor of the 
town and parish of Tetbiuy for ever, to be 
distributed there. 

Five shillings, to the poor of Upton for ever. 

Fifteen shillings, to be bestowed in bread for 
the poor of Tetbury, Doughton, and Charlton in 
the parish of Tetbury. 

Eighteen shillings and sixpence, to be bestowed 
in 4d. loaves, to be distributed by the Church- 
wardens and Overseers for the time being, to such 
ancient poor people as they shall think fit^ upon 
the said day of the month, every year for ever. 

* The Benefactors marked with an Asterisk, are those who 

have left money for Sermons to be preached on especial days 

appointed by them. 


Six shillings and eight pence, to be laid out in 
forty two-penny loaves, to be bestowed upon forty 
poor children of Tetbury, Doughton, and Charlton, 
aforesaid, upon the day before mentioned, for ever. 

1680, Oct. 8tk WiLUAM Talboys, by wiU of 
this date, gave an annuity of twenty shillings for 
ever chargeable on an estate called Barley Crofts for 
the buying of books for the poorer sort of children 
in the Grammar School of Tetbury, as the Minister 
of the said parish, and the Schoolmaster of the 
said school,' shall order and direct. 

1682, Dec. 20tL By indenture of this date, 
made between Giles Stedman and Katherine, his 
wife, (Executrix and Widow of Bichard Talboys. 
Esq., deceased,) it appears that the said Eichabd 
Talboys, by will, dated 4th of June, 15 Charles IL 
(1664,) had given twenty pounds to the poor 
of the parish of Tetbury for ever ; but, that 
hitherto, the bequest of the said Richard Talboys, 
had not been settled or disposed of as the will 
directed, but that the said Katherine, out of 
respect to the will of her first husband, had given 
yearly to the poor of Tetbury, twenty-four dozen 
of bread It was agreed by this indenture, that 
an aimuity of thirty shillings for ever, on the 
dose of pasturage ground called Babton Cboft, 
to be laid out yearly by the Churchwardens and 
Overseers in six-penny bread, to be distributed by 
them to sixty families of the eldest sort of poor 
people within the said parish, with a power to 


the Churchwardens and Overseers to enter upon 
the said close^ and distrain for the said annuity 
in case of non payment. 

* 1696, Dec. 2nd. Charles Elton, of Tetbury, 
County of Gloucester, by his will of this date, 
gave unto the Churchwardens and Overseers of 
the said parish, a dear annuity of fifty shillings, 
to be issuing out of all his messuages, lands, tene- 
ments, and hereditaments, situated in the West 
street, of Tetbury, aforesaid, to be paid on the 
Friday next before Bogation Simday, for the uses 
therebafter mentioned, viz :- 

That the said Churchwardens and Overseers 
should give yearly upon Ascension day, the sum 
of ten shillings to the Vicar of Tetbury, for the 
time being, for preaching a sermon yearly, for 
ever, on Ascension day, in the parish Church of 
Tetbury, aforesaid ; and lay out forty shillings 
upon bread, to be distributed by them yearly, 
for ever, upon the said day, immediately afler 
such sermon, to the poor people of the said parish 
of Tetbury. 

* 1710, Feb. 13th. Jonathan Shipton, of Tet- 
bury, clothier, by will of this date, gave his 
freehold house, situated in Tetbury, aforesaid, 
(now occupied by Messrs. J. T. and R C. Paul, 
Solicitors, as offices,) to his wife, Mary, and to 
her heirs and assigns for ever, chargeable with 
an annuity of thirty shillings a year as follows : — 

Ten shillings a year for the preaching of a 



sermon yearly, to commence from the day of his 
decease, and so to continue on the same day in 
every year for ever. 

Twenty shillings worth of bread yearly, to the 
poor of the town and parish of Tetbury, aforesaid, 
to be given yearly, on the same day as the sermon 
should be preached, (February 18th.) 

* 1713, Jan. 24tL Johk Avery, of Hambrooke. 
in the parish of Winterbome, county of Gloucester, 
gave and devised an annuity of eleven pounds, 
three shillings, clear of all taxes and payments 
whatsoever, to be payable out of all his messuages 
and tenements, lands, bereditaments, and premises 
with their appurtenances, in the county of Somer- 
set, and city of Bristol, for ever, in manner 
following : — 

Ten shillings, to the Minister of the parish 
Church of Tetbury and his successors for ever, 
to preach a sermon in the said parish Church 
of Tetbury each year, on the day of the testa- 
tor^s decease ; but, if that day should happen to 
be on a Sunday, then he appointed the sermon 
to be preached on the next day. 

Three shillings, to the Clerk of the said parisL 

Two shillings, to the Sexton, and their succes- 
sors for ever, for their respective attendances 
at the sermon, as aforesaid; and ten pounds 
eight shillings, residue of the said eleven pounds 
three shillings, to be given in bread weekly, on 
every Sunday in the year, in eight six-penny 


loaves, by the said Churchwardens and Overseers 
for the time being, to such poor relations of his 
as should be in want ; and, if there should -be 
no such poor relations, then to eight poor house- 
keepers not receiving ahns of the parish of Tet- 
bury, but inhabiting in the said town. 

1723, May 13th. Elizabeth Hodges,, of Ship- 
ton Moyne, in the county of Gloucester, by her 
will of this date, gave and devised unto Thomas 
and Edmund Estcourt, of Biirton hill, in the 
parish of Malmesbury, Co\inty Wilts, Gilbert 
Grastrell, of Tetbury, John Sloper, of the same 
place, and Edward Morse, the younger, of Dursley, 
County Gloucester, and their heirs, an aimuity 
or yearly rent charge of sixty pounds ; to be pay- 
able out of her capital messuage, manor or farm 
and lands called Lorwick, alias Lorrage, in the 
several parishes of Leonard Stanley, Cam, Stinch- 
comb and Berkeley, or some of them, in the said 
County of Gloucester, to hold to them, their heirs 
and assigns for ever, upon trust that they fdiould 
give thirty pounds yearly, for the augmentation 
of the Charity Schools in the town of Tetbury, 
in such manner as by them should be thought 
meet, for teaching poor children to read, write, 
and cast accounts, and making them the better 
capable of trade and callings for gaining their 

The remaining thirty pounds was bequeathed 
for the Charity Schools at Malmesbury. The 


present surviving Trustees under Mrs. Hodges' 
will, are Thomas H. S. Sotheron Estoourt, Esq., 
M.P., Robert S. Holfoid, Esq., M.P., Walter M. 
Paul, Esq., and S. B. Brooke, Esq. 

* 1731, May 1st. Thomas Talboyb, of Hoxton, 
Ooimty of Middlesex, by will of this date, gave 
and deviaed unto the Minister and Churchwar- 
dens of the parish of Tetbury, and their successors 
for ever, one annuity or yearly sum of £20, to be 
by them paid and distributed on S. Thomas' Day, 
yearly for ever, in manner foUowing :— 

Fifteen pounds, to be equally distributed among 
forty poor housekeepers belonging to the said 
parish, that did not receive alms of the said 

Four pounds more thereof, to be laid out in 
bread, to be that day distributed amongst the 
poor of the said parish. 

Twenty shillings, being the remainder of the 
said annuity of twenty pounds, to the Minister 
of the said parish for the time being, for preaching 
a sermon on that day, in remembrance of the said 
charity. And he further directed, that no poor 
person or persons whatsoever belonging to the said 
parish, should receive any benefit of the said cha- 
rity, but such as should on that day duly attend 
Divine Service. And to the intent that his will 
should be duly observed and performed, he further 
directed that the Minister of the said parish for the 
time being should, yearly, on S. Thomas' Day, 


before Divine Service, read openly in the said 
parish Church, so much of his said will as related to 
the said charity ; and it was his further will, that 
if it should happen that there should be at any 
time any poor person or persons belonging to the 
said parish of his name, the same should always 
have the preference, before any other, in par- 
taking of the said charity. 

* 1 732, Dec. 5tL GiiiBEBT Gastbell, of Tetbury, 
by his will of this date, gave to the Vicar of 
Tetbury, and his successors for ever : 

Ten shillings yearly, for preaching a sermon on 
the day of his, the said testator^s, death ; also he 
gave twenty shillings more yearly to be laid out 
in six-penny loaves, and distributed to forty 
poor persons of Tetbury, immediately after such 
service ended; and he chaxged his dwelling house 
in Tetbury, with the payment of the said sum. 

1739, Feb. 25. Hopeful Vokins, of Tetbury, 
by his will of this date, gave to the poor people 
of Tetbiuy, the sum of £2 10a per annum for 
ever, to be laid out yearly in bread on the 1st 
of January, and given imto such poor people as 
did not receive collection, by the constables of 
the said parish of Tetbury, as they should think 
fit and convenient ; which annuity he ordered to 
be paid out of the rents of his estate, called 
Hillsome Farm, in the said parish of Tetbury. 

1770, May 1st Matthew Slofeb, Esq., of 
Tetbury, by his will of this date, gave to the 


Churcliwardens of this parish £10, to be laid out 
by them in the same stocks and i^nds, and for 
the same charitable uses, as the charity monies 
of Mrs. Elizabeth Hodges, and ^ Thomas 
Estcourt, were invested by the Churchwardens of 
the said parish of Tetbury. 

1774, Sept. 27th. John Wight, M.A., Vicar 
of Tetbury, by his will of this date, gave to the 
Feoffees of the said parish for the time being, 
£100 in trust, to place the same out to interest^ 
in real or Government securities, and apply the 
interest thereof in purchasing such encroachments 
in the streets of Tetbury, as might be supposed 
to be more than forty years standing, and in the 
prevention of aU future encroachments that might 
be attempted in the said town, and he also gave 
to the next succeeding Vicar of Tetbury, and his 
successors for the time being, £100 then vested 
in the said testator's name, in the South Sea Old 
Annuities, in trust, to continue the same in that 
fund, and receive the interest thereof, and apply 
the same for repairing the monument appointed 
by him to be erected to the memory of Sir 
William Bomney, Bait. And if there should be 
any surplus of interest, above what the monu- 
ment might require, the same was to be ex- 
pended in adorning the Church. 

1774. EsTHBB Clakk, wife of Mr. Eobert 
Clark, gave by her will £50, to be invested in 
the funds; the dividends to be applied for the 


better maintenance of the poor women in the 
Alms House. 

1775, May 4th. Maby Howe. By indenture 
of this date, Giles Pike, and Mary his wife 
(heir-at-law and administratrix of Mary Howe, 
late of Tetbury, spinster, deceased), agreed to 
pay the Rev. John Wight, Vicar of Tetbury, 
£150, in accordance with the request of the said 
Mary Howe, to be invested in Grovemment secu- 
rities. The dividends whereof, should on Christ- 
mas day yearly, immediately after the Evening 
Service, be divided among so many poor widows, 
being inhabitants and parishioners of the parish 
of Tetbury aforesaid, not receiving alms of the 
said parish, as would extend to pay twenty 
shillings to each widow. Such widows to be 
members of the Established Chtux^h of England^ 
to be nominated by the said John Wight, and 
his successors. Vicars of Tetbury, and such 
widows to attend Divine Service ^the morning 
and evening of that day, unless prevented by 
infirmity or illness ; and in case there should be 
any surplus remaining under the sum of twenty 
shillings, such surplus to be given to the eldest 
widow that should receive one of the above 
mentioned sums of twenty shillings. No widow 
to be entitled to the above mentioned charity, 
or any part thereof that should receive alms of 
the parish. 

1788. Ann Wight, of Tetbury, gave to Robert 


Clark and Joedah Paul Paul, their executors, ad- 
ministratoiB, and assigns, the sum of one hun- 
dred pounds in trust, to pay and apply the same 
for the use of the Sunday Schools in Tetbury, 
aforesaid, in such maimer and form as they in 
Uieir discretion should see W, for the advice- 
ment of that good and charitable institution. 
The Trustees laid out the one hundred pounds 
in the purchase of £104 19s. 8d. Four per cent&, 
the dividends whereof are applied to the use of 
the Sunday Schools. 

1 796. Sarah Paul, by will, gave to the Rev. 
Bichard Davies, Vicar of Tetbury, and her nephew, 
Bobert Wight, their executors, administrators, 
and assigns, the sum of fifty pounds, in trust, 
to place the same in Government securities, and 
pay the interest thereof to and for the benefit of 
the Sunday Schools of Tetbury, aforesaid, as they 
in their discretion shall see fit. 

1797, May 25tlL Ann Gastbell, by will, of 
this date, gave one hundred pounds to be laid 
out in the name of Thomas White, and such 
other persons as should have the management 
of the Sunday Schools, established in the town 
of Tetbury, the interest thereof to be applied 
for the benefit of the said Schools. 

1804, March 4th. Eleanor Ludlow, by her 
will of this date, bequeathed to the Bev. Bichard 
Davies, Vicar of Tetbury, the sum of twenty 
pounds in trust, to be mvested in Government 


securities, for the use of the poor dwelling in the 
Almshouse of Tetbuiy aforesaid, and to apply 
the interest thereof, from tiine to time equally 
among such poor dwellers, by the Vicar and his 
successors for ever. 

^1805, Feb. 4th. Thomas Alexander, by his 
will of this date, after various dispositions of 
parts of his property, directed that the residue 
thereof should be placed out at interest on Grovem- 
ment securities, four per cent., in the name of 
his Trustees, and the number of these Trustees 
to be filled up from time to time, by the sur- 
vivors or • survivor of them, as they in their 
discretion shall think best to answer the purpose 
thereinafter mentioned; and he appointed the 
Vicar of Tetbury for the time being, to be always 
one of the said Trustees, and that the interest 
should be made payable to him, to be by him 
laid out for the following purposes : — 

1. To repair his Monument, and new paint 
ihe palisading round it every two yeaia 

2. One guinea of the above interest to the 
Vicar to preach a sermon yearly, on the first 
Sunday of July, one year at morning, another 
at evening service ; the subject to be taken from 
the 145th IWm, begimu^ mth the first ver« 
and then proceeding r^ularly throughout the 
Psalm to the last verse. 

3. That five shillings should be given to the 


Choir, to sing at the before mentioned time, the 
Anthem as therein particularly directed 

4. And the remainder of the said annual inter- 
est should be laid out for Bibles, containing only 
the Old and New Testament; the said Vicar to 
give one Bible on the day of marriage to every 
couple married in the Church of Tetbury by 
banns ; each Bible to have printed on the cover, 
"The gift of Alexander." 

1813, Jan. 5th. James Webber, by will of 
this date, directed that the sum of five pounds, 
for ever, should be distributed in bread among 
the poor people of Tetbury, as the Minister 
thereof, for the time, shall think proper; and, 
likewise, that the ftirther sum of five pounds 
per annum, for ever, should be appropriated by 
the said Minister for the time being, at his dis- 
cretion, in aid and support of the Sunday Schools 
of the Church, in Tetbury aforesaid ; and for 
this purpose, he bequeathed unto the Minister 
of the said Church at the time of his decease, 
80 much money as would purchase stock in the 
public funds, sufficient to produce the said two 
annual sums of five pounds. 

1813, March 1st. James Pickett, by his will 
of this date, gave to the Rev. Richard Davies, 
the Vicar of Tetbury, two hundred pounds in 
trust, to be vested in the public fiinds, the in- 
terest arising therefirom to be distributed by the 


Vicar, and his successors for ever, yearly, to the 
second poor of the parish of Tetbury. 

1816, Jan. 16th. Sarah Ludlow, by her will 
of this date, gave twenty pounds to the Rev. 
Richard Davies, upon the same trust as that 
given by Eleanor Ludlow (1804), and in the 
same terms. 

1821. William Brookes, by will, gave to 
the Minister and Churchwardens of Tetbury ; 
one hundred pounds. Five per cent. Annuities, 
the dividends to be distributed yearly, on Easter 
Monday, among ten poor widowers or widows, 
parishioners of Tetbury, not receiving parochial 

1826, July 27th. Mary Summers, by will of 
this date, gave unto the Vicar and Churchwardens 
of the parish of Tetbury, for the time being, 
fifty pounds^ Three per cent. Consolidated Bank 
Annuities, upon trust, that they, the said Vicar 
and Churchwardens, should lay out the dividends 
arising therefix)m, in the purchase of Common 
Prayer Books; and that the said Vicar for the 
time being, should give one of each of such Prayer 
Books on the day of marriage, to every couple 
who might be married in the Church of Tetbury 
aforesaid, by banns, if they should think fit to 
accept of it ; each Prayer Book to have printed 
on it, "The gift of Mary Summers." And the 
said Testatrix, also gave unto the Vicar, Church- 
wardens, and Overseers of the poor of Tetbury 


aforesaid, the further sum of one hundred pounds 
New Four per cent. Annuities, upon trust, that 
they the said Vicar, Churchwardens, and Over- 
seers for the tune being should, on New Lady 
Day in every year, pay and divide the interest and 
dividends arising therefrom, in equal proportions, 
to so many maiden women, not exceeding the 
number of ten, of the age of thirty years and 
upwards, being parishioners of the parish of 
Tetbuiy aforesaid, and residing there, as in the 
discretion of the said Vicar, and Churchwardens, 
and Overseers, should be thought proper objects 
for 'receiving the same. 

1836, January 3rd. Libut.-Colonel Olney, 
by his wiU of this date, gave three hundred 
pounds to the town of Tetbury, to be invested 
by the Minister and Churchwardens of the said 
parish, in public securities, the interest to be ex- 
pended in the purchase of coals and blankets, to 
be distributed amongst deserving persons amxuaJly, 
at Christmas. 

1851, Feb. 22nd. Thomas Poulton, of Low- 
field, by deed of gift of this date, gave to the 
Minister and Churchwardens of Tetbury, four 
hundred poxmds, to be invested in Government 
securities, the interest to be appKed annually, 
on the first Monday in January, in the distribu- 
tion of bread, coals, and blankets, amongst the poor 
householders of the parish of Tetbury, being forty 
years of age, and not receiving parochial relief. 


Tabular Account of the Charities. 

(Under the control of the Vicar and Churchwardens.) 

Name of Bene(hetor. 

Estcourt and \ 
Hodges (arrears) J 

Paul and Wight 1 
(Sunday Schools) j 

Gilbert Gastrell . 

J. Alexander . 

John Wight 

James Webber • 

James Pickett . 

Miss Summer \ 
(Maiden Women) j 

Thomas Poulton 

William Brookes . 

Col. Olney . • • 

Thomas Talbojs 

Sarah Ludlow . 


469 13 9 

141 11 10 

In what Invested. 



£ n d. 

13 6 3 

5 17 9 
4 4 10 


New 3 per Cents 7 3 

219 6 4 


320 8 
226 19 
62 11 



Ditto ; 







7 9 

5 18 

6 10 11 

3 1 6 

11 6 2 
3 8 2 
9 4 

25 14 10 
18 9 

Sir Thomas Estcourt paid by Mr. Sotheron Estcourt 12 

gan Money b 

Org^in Mon^y^ by 1 j^^ ^^ j New 3 per Cents 5 7 2 

This is, I believe, a correct account of the present 
state of the above Charities. I am indebted for 
it to the Vicar of Tetbury, the Rev. John 

The account of the Tetbury Ch«jity Estates 
for 1855-1856 (of which the FeoflFees have the 
control,) is as follows : — 



Oeneral Statement of the Income and Expenditure, from Michaelmas, 

1855, to Michaelmafi, 1856. 



BalaiiM tn Bank 
Reirenae from Tolls 
„ from Kdnti 
M from DiTldends oa 

Stock Inretted 
,, fiwn nneo, Ibr renewal 
of Leases 
from Retun of Income 








Its 4 
11 19 

£1«M 6 


BaUilTs Money 
Poor in Almsbooae . 
Lecturer, Diridends on Stock . 
Tithe and Bates 
Court Dinner BDl . 
Insurance • • . . 
Town Clerk's Commission 
Tradesmen's bills and Incidental 

Expenoes • • . . 
Law Charges, indading Printer's 
John Pitt, for looking sAer Town 


Clerk to Foreign Jury 
John Smith, Town Beadle 
Annual Payments directed 










Books, &c . 




Apprentioeship fees 


Payments directed by Act, 
S4le of the Adrowson : 

Commissioners of Pa- 
ring Act, less In- 
come Tax . €5 6 
Blankets and Coals SO 



Payments directed \ff Feofltes 
to be made out of Surplus 

Subscription to In- 
(knt School . SO 

Expended in Impro- 

Tements h Repurs 166 IS 9 

Cash in Tetbury Bank 


11 6 

8 8 
88 18 
16 ft 

1 7 
98 19 




98 16 

81 18 8 

9 9 




Oft 6 8 

186 IS 9 
. ftftO 8 7 

£1906 6 6 

By Order of the Feoffees, 

JosiAB T. Paul, 

Town Clerk. 



The Schoom. 

Qnunmar School Founded by Sir W. Romney, 1610,-^Mra. Hodges' 
Charitjr, — Ordinances of Tetbniy Scliool, 162S, — ^New Schools, 1836. 
— ^Enlarged, 1850,— Present State, — Celebrated Persons formerly 
Educated in them. 

The Grammar School m this town was founded 
by Sm William Romney, who died in 1610,* 
and by his will bequeathed thirteen pounds per 
annum during the term of years contained in 
his lease of the fairs of the town, « to provide, 
procure, and maintain some honest, godly, aad 
sufficient Schoolmaster, there to teach and in- 
struct the diildren and youths of the said town 
and parish, gratis, to read and write, and to 
cast accounts in arithmetick, thereby the better 
and more sooner to become fit for service, both 
for their own good, and the good of the Common- 
wealth. And, therefore I do earnestly recom- 
mend to them especial care to be had, that the 
Schoolmaster shall be very skilful in arithmetick, 
which art teacheth much wit^ unto all sorts of 

> See Orammar Schcokj bj Nicholas Carlisle, vol. i., p. 460, 



men and traders, but is too little known in our 
land, especially in our country towns and cities/'* 

In 1632, the town purchased the Manor, Market 
Tolls, and Advowson of the Living, of Lord 
Berkeley, and thus established the School on a 
firmer ba^. 

Mes. Euzabetth Hodges, of Shipton Moyne, 
Gloucestershire, by will dated May 13, 1723, 
gave thirty pounds yearly, "for the augmenta- 
tion of the Charity Schools, which there were 
or should be in the town of Tetbury, for teaching 
poor children to read, write, and cast accounts, 
and making them the better capable of trades and 
callings for gaining their livelihood^' * 

The present trustees of Mra Hodges' Charity 
are, Thomas H. S. Sotheron Estcourt, Esq., M.P.; 
Robt. S. Holford, Esq., M.P.; Walter M. Paul, 
Esq.; and S. B. Brooke, Esq. 

The education formerly given at this School 
was of a much higher kind than it is at present. 
This is shewn by the rules of the School, re- 
quiring that the Master should be a graduate 
of Oxford, or Cambridge, and also from such men 
as Bishop Bisse, of Hereford, Dr. Trapp, Professor 
of Poetry at Oxford, and Oldham, the Poet, being 
educated at it. During the periods of the Great 
Bicbellion, when Dr. Tully (afterwards Principal 

* Sir William Romney's Will. 
» Mrs. Hodges' Will. 


of S. Edmund's Hall, Oxford), was Master, it 
seems to have flourished greatly, and also for a 
century afterwards, till towards the end of the 
last century, it ceased entirely from want of funds. 

The following Ordinances of Tetbury School, 
dated " AnnoDom. 1623, 8' die Aprili," will shew 
what was the character of the education formerly 
given at the School. 

"Constitutions and ordinances made and ap- 
pointed for y* Schoole of Tetbury, to be required 
by y* Thirteen, and observed by y* Schoolmaster 
that shall always supply the same : — 

1. First, It is ordained y* y* Schoolmaster shall 
be chosen by common consent of y' Thirteen, 
and y* no one person whatsoever shall oversway 
y* same. 

2. Y^ none shall be thereunto chosen except 
he be a Master or Batchelor of Arts at y* least, 
in one of the Universities, and be approved of 
for his sufficiency by two Preachers y* have skill 
to examine him, and to w*^ two Preachers he 
shall be accountable, and y* Thirteen, by them 
to be satisfied, as also to approve himself after- 
wards, by an honest and sober life and conversa- 
tion befitting his calling. 

3. It is ordained y* y^ Schoolmaster shall re- 
ceive into the Schoole, and not refuse any of 
y* children y* are of y* burrough of Tetbury, 
being first able to read the Bible in English 
in any good sort. 


4. That he shall, being required, teach the 
children to read, cypher, and cast aocompts, or 
procure one y* shall do it under him, whereby 
they shall be fitted for apprentices.. 

5. That he shall teach the Latin tongue by 
the use of Lottie's grammar, and such ordinary 
books as are most approved in Schools, and in 
like manner for the Greek, by such grammars 
and authors as are most usual, and not by any 
quaint^ strange, or new devices of his own. 

6. That he shall not read unto the Schollars 
any of y* obscene odes, satyres, or epigrams of 
Juvenal, Martial, or Horace, or any other, but 
pass them over, choosing y* best in the same 
authors, and in others; and y* he shall not at 
all read in the Schoole Ovid de arte amandi 
nor [ *] but utterly omit. 

7. That he shall, every Saturday, cathechize 
y* SchoUers in y* grounds' of the religion now 
taught and maintained in the Church of England, 
and out of some approved catechism, acquaint- 
ing them with y* Scriptures withalL 

8. That he shall cause y* prayer now used every 
morning to be continued by y* schoUers, with 
the reading a chapter in course, and shall not 
suffer swearing, cursing, or any other rudeness 
among them to his best endeavour. 

9. That none unless he hath been an inhabitant 

* The words are illegible in the MS. 


in the burrough of Tetbury, by the space of three 
years at the least, shall have any benefit or pri- 
vflege by y* Schoole, without leave first had and 
obtained for y* same, by y* Thirteen or y* greatest 

10. That y* Schoolmaster shall be constantly 
resident, nor take upon him any cure out of the 
towne, and shall bring with him to Church all 
his schollers, causing 'em to write sermons and to 
behave themselves quietly and reverently during 
the time of Divine Service, and to give an accompt 
of their profitting to him, and he shall bestow 
some time in the Schoole every Lord's day, in 
exercising them in religious duties, y* our youth 
may learn to know and fear the Lord."* 

The Grammar School was formerly held in a 
room over the Church porch, till the Church was 
rebuilt m 1777-81. 

A School was for a long time carried on in the 
town, separate firom the Grammar School (in virtue 
of Mrs. Hodges' charity), where fifteen boys were 
taught to read, write, and cast accounta It is 
now merged in the Town SchooL 

In 1836, a School room for boys and girls was 
erected at the West end of the town, at the 
cost of £474 3s. 2d. which was obtained as foUows : 

^ This was transcribed from the orijpnal by John Wight, 


By subscription 

Grant from the Treasury 

Grant from the National Society 

















The principal subscribers to the Schook were, 
the Rev. John Frampton, the Vicar, £20 ; Lord 
Dude, Mrs. Paul ; R C. Paul, W. M. Paul, Jacob 
Wood, Thomas Poulton, Thomas Witchell, John 
Cook, Esquires ; Mrs. Savage, and Mrs. Edwards, 
£10 each; J. T. Paul, Joseph Wood, William 
Taylor, Benjamin Wood, Hugh Vaughan, Thomas 
Birch, Samuel A. Saunders, Esqrs., £5 eacL 

In 1850, the Boys' School was enlarged, and 
Schools for girls and infants, with class rooms to 
each, were added, at the expense of £621 7s. 6d. 
obtained as follows : — 

From Committee of Council 
By Subscription ... 

Feoffees by Donation . 










Among the principal subscribers were, R S. 
Holford, Esq., £50 ; T. G. Bucknall Estcourt, 
Esq., £20 ; William Brookes, Esq., £10 ; the Rev. 
John Frampton, R C. Paul, W. M. Paul, J. T. 
Paul, C. W. Paul, R C. Paul, jimr., Jacob Wood, 


Joseph Wood, and Maurice Maskeljnie, Esquires, 
£5 each. 

The management of the boys' and girls' school 
is in the hands of the Vicar and Feoffeea The 
management of the in&nt school is in the hands 
of a Committee, which at present consist of the 
Vicar, William Brookes, Esq., R C. Paul, Esq., and 
Mr. Edwin Cook. 

The infant Schoolmistress is appointed by this 
Committee. The Schoolmaster and Mistress by 
the Feoffeea 

The boys' School which is one of the best, if not 
the best in Gloucestershire, is under the efficient 
and able superintendence of Mr. J. W. Keillor, 
the present Schoolmaster; who, during the last 
twenty years, has shewn unwearied diligence and 
activity in forwarding in every way the moral and 
intellectual interests of those committed to his 
care. An industrial department is attached to the 
boys' School. 

The salary of the Schoolmaster is, on the whole, 
about £120 ; that of the Schoolmistress, £50 ; 
And of the Infant Schoolmistress, £40. 
The number of bojrs on the books of the 

School, who are educated gratuitously, is. 166 
And the average daily attendance throughout 

the year 163 

The number of girls on the books (who pay 

Id. a week for their education,) is . .100 
And the average daily attendance .98 


The number of infants on the books (who 
also pay Id. per week,) is . . . 182 

And the average daily attendance .140 

The pence collected from the Girls' School 

amounts, on an average, each year, to £15 ; and 

from the In&nts, £17 lOs. 

All the Schools have been under Government 

Inspection since 1846, and the salaries of the 

Schoolmaster and Schoolmistress are augmented 

by the usual grants for pupil teachers. 

Lives of Celebrated Persons Connecied 


John Oldham, the poet, was the son of a 
Nonconformist minister, who had a congregation 
at Nimeaton. He was bom at Shipton, near 
Tetbury, on the 9th of August^ 1653 ; and, after 
having received the rudiments of his education 
at home, was phtoed at Tetbury School, where he 
remained for two year& He was indebted for 
to rtep in hi. 4nua«y c»,«er to ^ AId«^ 
of Bristol, who had a son at the School, anid waa 
anxious that the boy should have the advantage 
of reading with young Oldham, from which it 
may be inferred that the latter had abready shewn 
more than average diligence and ability. Oldham 
made rapid progress at Tetbury ; and in June, 
1670, was entered at S. Edmund's Hail, Oxford, 



probably on account of Dr. Thomas Tully, who 
had been Master of Tetbury School, being then 
Prrndpal of that College. His College studies 
were superintended by the Rev. Mr. Stephens, 
who early discovered his genius. He made great 
progress in Greek and Latin. His favourite 
authors were the poets ; indeed, so incessantly 
did he study them that, at last, poetry took com- 
plete possession of his time and thoughts. In May, 
1674, he took his B.A. degree, and shortly, against 
his own wishes, left the University, being summoned 
home by his father. He afterwards became usher 
at the Free School of Croydon, in Surrey, and 
remained there till 1678, when he became tutor 
to the two grandsons of Sir Edward Thurland, 
a Judge, residing in the neighbourhood of Eeigate. 
He remained there till 1680, when, for a short 
time, he became tutor to the son of Sir William 
Hicks ; not long afterwards he was offered the 
office of Private Chaplain to liis household, by 
the Earl of Kingston, which offer he refused, but 
accepted his invitation to visit him as a guest at 
Holmes Pierpont, in Nottinghamshire. He had 
not long enjoyed the seclusion of this retreat when 
he was seized by an attack of the small-pox, and 
died on the 9th of December, 1683, in the 30th 
year of his age. The Earl of Kingston attended 
as chief mourner at his funeral, and afterwards 
erected a monument over his grave. In appear- 
ance Oldham was tall and slender, with disagree- 


able features, a long face, a prominent nose, and 
a sarcastic expression in his eyes. His chief works 
are his Satires^ especially four against the Jesuits. 
As a satirist, Dryden esteemed him nearer to his 

This panefiTVnc is sustained by Mr. Hallam, who 
«^ Lt^ldha^ «. supJor in hiB «tir» to 
Marvell, ranks, perhaps, next to Dryden.*' The 
affecting lines in which Dryden laments his early 
death are given below.^ 

Farewell, too little and too lately known, 

Whom I began to tliink and call my own ; 

For sure our souls were near aUied, and thine 

Cast in the same poetic mould as mine. 

One common note on either lyre did strike, 

And knaves and fools we both abhorred alike ; 

To the same goal did both our studies drive, 

The last set out the soonest to arrive. 

Thus Nisus fell upon the slipping place, 

While his young friend performed and won the race. 

I early ripe! to they abundant store : 

What could advancing age have added more ? 

It might (what Nature never gives the young,) 

Have taught the numbers of thy native tongue ; 

But satire needs not these, and wit will shine 

Through the harsh cadence of a rugged line : 

A noble error, and but seldom made. 

When poets are by too much force betrayed. 

Thy generous fruits, though gathered ere their time, 

Still showed a quickness ; and maturing time 

^ Abridged from his Ltfcy by Bobert Bdl, in his Armotated 
Edition of the English Poets. 


But mellows what we write to the dull sweets of rhyme. 

Once more hail and farewell. Farewell, then young, 

But ah I too short, Marcellus of our tongue ; 

Thy hrows with ivy and with laurels hound, 

But fiite and gloomy night encompass thee around.** ^ 

PhtTiTP Bisse, Bishop of Hereford, was bom at 
Oldbury-on-the-Hill, near Tetbury, and was educated 
first at Tetbury School, and afterwards at Win- 
chester, and New College, Oxford. He was ad- 
mitted as a Founder's Kin Fellow of that College, 
on the 8th of June, 1686. He took his degree of 
B.A. in 1690, M.A. in 1693, and B. and D.D. in 1705. 
In 1706 he vacated his Fellowship by marrying 
Bridget, daughter of Thomas, Duke of Leeds, and 
widow of Charles Fitz Charles Earl of Plymouth, 
(a natural son of King Charles II., by Mrs. 
Catiierine Pegge,) to whom he had been Chaplain. 
He was consecrated Bishop of S. David's, on the 
9th of November, 1710, and translated to Hereford, 
in 1713. His wife died on the 9th of May, 1718, 
and the Bishop survived her only three years, and 
died at Westminster, on the 6th of September, 
1721, and was buried in his Cathedral, where he 
had erected a monument for her and himself A 
portrait of him hangs in New College HaU. He 
was a benefexjtor to that College, having bequeathed 
to it one thousand pounds. 

His character is most favourably described in 
his epitaph, (a copy of which is to be seen in the 

^ Diyden's Wcrksj edited bjr Robert BeO, vol. iii., p. 150. 


Bodleian library,) and much to the same effect is 
the account given of him in the newspapers of 
of the day. « On Wednesday, September 6th, died 
at the house of Lord Willoughby of Brook, 
Dean of Windsor, in Queen Square, Westminster, 
the Bight Eevd. Father in God, Philip, Lord 
Bishop of Hereford. A person most universaUy 
lamented for his sanctity and sweetness of hia 
manners, of clear honour, integrity, and steadiness 
in all times to the Constitution, in Church and 
State, of excellent judgment, and penetration in 
most kinds of learning, a great benefactor to his 
Cathedral Church, and especially to his Palace, 
which last he hath in a manner rebuilt/' 

He was the brother of Dr. Thomas Bisse, Chan- 
cellor of Hereford, and Author of " The Beauty 
of Holiness in the Booh of Common Prayer!* 

Thomas Tully, the son of George TuUy, was 
bom in S. Mary^s Parish, Carlisle, on the 22nd 
July, 1620, and educated at Barton Kirk, in 
Westmoreland. He entered at Queen's College, 
Oxford, in 1634, and afterwards became a Fellow, 
and well known disputant there. In 1642 he 
was created M.A., and soon after Oxford being 
garrisoned, he became Master of the Grammar 
School, at Tetbury ; after the surrender of the 
garrison, he returned to Oxford, and became a 
celebrated Tutor and Preacher there. In 1657 
he was admitted B.D., and soon afterwards was 
made Principal of S. Edmimd's Hall. Aft«r the 


restoration of Charles IL, he was created D.D. 
by diploma^ and appointed Chaplain to the King, 
and Bector of Grittleton, Wilts. In April, 1673, 
he was made Dean of Bipon. He was a pious 
man, in many ways very learned. He was of 
severe morals, and puritanically inclined, being a 
strict Calvinist. He wrote against Bishop Bull's 
Harmonia ApostoUcOy and also against Baxter's 
AfhorismSy and had a long controversy with 
the latter. He died at Grittleton, January 1 4th, 
1675, and was buried in the Chancel of the 
Church there. 

His principal works were : 

PrcBcipuorum TheologicB capitum Enchiridion 
didoicticum. London, 1665-68. 

Appendicula prcujtica De Ccmd Domini 
(printed with the Enchiridion.) 

Justijicatio Paulina sine operihus ex mente 
EcdesicB AnglicancB omniumque Rdiqaorum qucB 
ReJormatcB audiuntj assert a^ et iUvstrata? Oxon, 

Thomas Gobe. He was bom in 1631, of an 
ancient and honourable family, at Alderton, in 
County of Wilts, at which place his ancestors, 
who formerly resided at Whitleigh, near Melkes- 
ham, had lived 300 yeara He was educated 
at Tetbury Grammar School, under the Bev. 
Thomas Tv^y ; and in May, 1674, entered as 

8 Wood's Athena, hj PhUip Bliss, 1817, vol. iii., p. r055. 


a Commoner at Magdalen College, Oxford, under 
John King, Fellow, as Tutor ; afterwards, Mr. 
Thomas TuUy, of Queen's College, was his tutor. 
He took his B.A. d^ree, and entered at Lincoln's 
Inn, but after a short time retired to Alderton, where 
he Hved the greater part of his life. He became 
very celebrated for his knowledge of heraldiy 
and antiquities. He served the office of High 
SherijBf of Wilts in 1681, and died March 31st 
(Easter Monday,) 1684, and was buried in the 
Church at Alderton. He left behind him a number 
of MSS., besides his published works, together with 
a choice collection of heraldic books. 

His principal works were : 

Nomenclator Geogi*aphicu8y Oxon, 1667. 

Catalogus in certa Capita^ seu Classes Alphor 
hetico ordine concinnatuSy plerorumque omnium 
authorum (tarn antiqtcorum^ quam recentiorumj 
qui de re Heraldicd^ Latine, GaUicey Italy Hispan., 
Germ.y Anglicd scripserunt. Oxon, 1668. 

Loyalty Displayed and Falsehood Unmasked^ 
or a just Vindication of Thomas Gore^ Esq.y High 
Sheriff of County of WiltSy in a letter to a friend. 
London, 1681, 4to.® 

Joseph Trapp was bom at Cherington, in 
1679, of which parish his fether was Rector. 
He was educated at ^etbury School, and at 
Wadham CoUege, Oxford. He was admitted 

^ Wood's Athewgy vol. iv., p. 132. 


B.A. 1699, and M.A. 1702. He was appointed 
Professor of Poetry in 1708, which office he held 
till 1718. In 1720 he was Rector of Dauntsey, 
Wilts, and in 1 727 was created D.D. by diploma. 
In 1 733 he was appointed Rector of Hartlington, 
Middlesex, and in 1734 Lecturer of S. Martin 
in the Fields. He died in 1747. He wrote 
Notes on the Gospels^ and Prcdectiones Poetuxt, 
in 3 vols. Dr. Trapp was a hard student^ and 
published a great variety of theological, contro- 
versial, political, and poetical writinga He wrote 
also jtEdes Badmintonianw^ a poem most humbly 
presented to His Grace Henry, Duke of Beaufort, 
&a, and to Her Grace Mary, Dutchess Dowager of 
Beaufort, &a, upon their magnificent and delight- 
ful seat in Gloucestershire. London, 1701, folio.* 
ScROPE Berdmore Davies, the son of Rev. 
Richard Davies, Vicar of Tetbury, (firom 1 792 to 
1825,) was bom 1781, and educated at Eton and 
King's College, Cambridge. He took his degree of 
B.A. in 1806, and M.A. in 1809, and was for many 
years Fellow of King's CoU^je.' He was a most in- 
timau &i«.d of Lorf BjTOn^^o dedicated hi. poem 
of Parisina to him in the following words : **To 
Scrope Berdmore Davies, Esq., the following poem 
is inscribed, by one who has long admired his 

1 H. J. Rose's Bioff. Did. ; Anecdotes of Britkh Topography^ 
p. 179. 
' See Oraduaii Cantabriffiensee curei, J. Romillj, 1856. 


talents and valued his friendship/' A great mis- 
fortune happened to Byron in 1811, by the death 
of his dear CoDege friend, C. S. Matthews, Fellow 
of Downing,' who was drowned whilst bathing in 
the Cam, on the 2nd of August. Bjrron lost his 
mother about the same time. The following passage 
of a letter written at this time by Byron to Scrope 
Davies, will show the terms of intimacy on which 
they stood : " My dearest Davies, — Some curse 
hangs over me and mina My mother lies a corpse 
in the house ; one of my best Mends is drowned 
in a ditch. What can I say, or think, or do? 
I received a letter from him the day before yes- 
terday. My dear Scrope, if you can spare a 
moment do come down to me : I want a friend. 
Matthews' last letter was written on Friday ; on 
Saturday he was not. In ability who was like 
Matthews ? How did we all shrink before him. 
You do me but justice in saying I would have 
risked my paltry existence to have preserved his. 
This very evening did I mean to write, inviting 
him, as I invite you, my very dear friend, to 
visit me. What will our poor Hobhouse feel? 
HiB letters breathe but of Matthewa Come to 
me, Scrope ; I am almost desolate, left almost 
alone in the world!"* 

> B.A. 1806 ; Members Prizeman 1807 ; Fellow of Downing 
1808 ; M.A. 1809. OradwUi Cantabrigienm. 

< Byron's fForib, toI. i. p. 65 ; Murray, 1839. 


The Mr. C. S. Matthews^ thus passionately la- 
mented over by Byron, was the son of John 
Matthews, Esq., M.P. for Herefordshire in the 
Parliament of 1802-6. 

Another anecdote respecting Scrope Davies and 
Byron occurs in connection with the first four 
lines of the sixty-first Stanza of Beppo : 

« Crush'd was Napoleon bj the Northern Thor, 
Who knocked his army down with icj hammer ; 
Stopp'd by the ekmentSy like a whaler, or 
A blmidering novice in hb new French grammar.' 

" When BrummeU was obliged to retire to 
France, he knew no French, and having obtained 
a grammar for the purpose of study, our friend 
Scrope Davies was asked what progress he had 
made in French. He responded * that Brummell 
had been stopped, like Buonaparte in Russia, by 
the dements/ I have put this pun into Beppo, 
which is ' a fisdr exchange and no robbery ; ' for 
Scrope made his fortune at several dinners (as 
he owned himself,) by repeating occasionally, as 
his own, some of the buffooneries with which I 
had encountered him in the morning." ^ 

Raikes, in his Journal^ says of him : " Davies 
was the intimate friend of Lord Byron ; and, as 
he lived much in his society at one time, has 
naturally imbibed many of his ideaa He is a 
classical scholar, with veiy good natural abilities." • 

' Byron's Diary ^ 1821 ; WorhSj vol. ii., p. 342. 
» Journal May 24, 1834, vol. ii., p. 114. 


He was an intimate friend of Mr. J. C. Hobhouse, 
(now Lord Broughton,) and the late Earl Grey. 
During the latter part of his life he resided 
chiefly at Paris, where he died, rather suddenly, 
in May, 1852. He was never married, and at 
the time of his death was Senior FeUow of King's 
CoUege, Cambridge. 



History of Families Connected with 

THE Town. 

EstooQTt of Estooart,— Hantloy of Boxwell,— Holford of Weston Birt,-— 

Paal of Highgrove,— Savage of Tetbnrj. 

The history of &milies connected with any 
particular locaUty. by long residence and per- 
manent association in its welfare, must always be 
a matter of interest to those who reside in its 
neighbourhood In the following chapter, by the 
kind assistance of leading members of the &inilies 
whose histories are here recorded, I am enabled 
to place before my readers authentic pedigrees of 
the principal families who, in times past, or at 
the present day, are intimately connected with 
the town of Tetbury. They have been compiled 
with much research and care, and in every case 
revised by a member of the fiimily, whose par- 
ticular history is related, so as to render them 
thoroughly correct and trustworthy. One of these 
families has been for more than five centuries 
permanently resident in the immediate neigh- 
bourhood ; during which long period they have 
ever commanded the esteem and respect of all 


who knew them ; whilst others, who at a former 
period were closely connected with the town, 
have now ceased to reside in it. The two re- 
majning families, whose history is here given, 
are at the present time intimately concerned in 
its prosperity. So that the history of all will, 
I trust, be acceptable in no slight degree to my 
readers. At the end of the pedigrees will be 
foxmd extracts from the Parish Registers, relative 
to the families of Savage, Talboys, and GastrelL 


This ancient family has 
been settled in Glou- 
cestershire, and been 
possessed of lands in 
the Parish of Shipton 
Moyne, as appears by 
deeds at Estcourt, since 

The first of whom 
mention is recorded in 
these deeds is Walter 
BE LA EsTOOXJRT, who held an estate at Shipton, 

in this County. He married Margaret ,' and 

died about 1325, and was succeeded by his son. 

^ These Christian names are obtained from old wills and 
deeds in which the surnames are not mentioned. 

I i 1 1 'i i i t 
it "i "i 'i \ 'I tX 

• • • • • • • • 

n ^ ( >■ '^ '* I 
1 1 'i 1 1 

Anns of Ettconrt 



Symon de la Estcourt, who married, 

1. Margaret de la Woodemill. 

2. Johanna . 

He had four sons, Walter, Richard, William, 
and John. He was succeeded by his son, 

Walter de la Estcourt, (living in 1373,) 

who married Juliana , and was succeeded 

by his eldest son, 

John de la Estcourt, who married Alice, 
heiress of the Beauboys, of Shipton Moyne, and 
Fairwood, in Dorsetshire, and thence obtained 
a separate estate at Shipton. His wife survived 
him, and married, second, John Wynter, of Wot- 
ton-\inder-Edge. He was succeeded by his son, 

John de la Estcourt, who married, 
1. Eleanor. 2. Margaret. 

He had two sons by his first wife, Eleanor, 
1. John. 2. William, d. a p. 

John de la Estcourt married Elizabeth Sey- 
mour, and had issue, 

1. Thomas de la Estcourt. 

2. Walter de la Estcourt* 

This John obtained a pardon from K Richard 
III., for some offence committed against him. 
(The original document is now in the possession 
of Mr. Sotheron Estcourt.) 

' WiLUAM EsTCOUBT, Warden of New College, Oxford, 
in 1429, was son of Walter de la Estcourt. He was bom 
at Shipton, was admitted Scholar of New College, June 5, 


Thomas de la Estcoubt married, 

1. Catherine, daughter of Richard Ellyott, 
Serjeant-at-Law ; 

2. Catherine, daughter of Bichard Hall. 
By his firet wife he had issue. 

Edmond de la Estcoubt, who married Johanna, 

daughter of William Button, of , Wiltshire, 

and had issue, 

i Thomas de la Estcourt, married Emma 
Asoough. He was a Welsh Judge, and a 
handsome monument is erected to him in 
Shipton Church. He had issue, 

1. Thomas, knighted by E. Jamed I., 
Nov. 17, 1607. He married Mary, d. of 
William Savage, Esq., of Elmsley Castle, 
Worcestershire. He was M.P. for Glouces- 
tershire, and died in 1624, at Cirencester, of 
the Plague, whilst on his return from London 
from attending Parliament. His case became 

1400, and Fellow, June 5, 1402. In 1417, 
he was appointed by the College, Vicar of 
Writtle, in Essex, which he held till 1425. 
In 1429, he was elected Warden of New 
College, which he resigned in 1435. He 
was also a Canon of Salisbuiy. 

In the papers of the Privy Council, men- *^e2SSi?J 7«hS" 
tion is made of ^'Maister John Estcourt," brother of the 
Warden of New College, who was employed as Ambassador 
by Henry IV. firom 1405 to 1427, on four different embassies. 

• Tbis to the lixe of the origlBsl, ^rtiidi Is of sUver, and in the posMnion of Mr. Sotheron 


a precedent to shew that a member of Par- 
liament is compellable to serve, if elected.' 

2. Edmund married, first, Mary, d. and 
co-heir of Kichard Pateshall, of Cricklade ; 
and secondly, Mary, daughter of Thos. 
FoUiott, of Pirton, in Worcestershire, by 
whom he had two sona 

1. Thomaa 2. Edmond. 

' See Hatsell's Precedents. He was buried at Shipton Mbyne 
Church, where is the following inscription on the Monument 
erected to his memory. 

*^ Vita introitus Mortis. Mors ^ternitatis. 

Death foUoweth life, life death ; when men would die, 

Their buriale is a new nativitie. 

Then gentle reader call not this a tomb, 

But of a second life the happy womb. 
Here rest the bodies of Sr^ Thomas Estcourt, of the Manor 
of EsTCOCRT, in Shipton Mojne, in this County, Knight ; and 
of Dame Mart his wife, the daughter of William Satagb, of 
Elmly Castle, in the County of Worcester, Esq. He was a 
pillar of this Country, and much honored and beloved for 
his Wisdome and Hospitality : he lived religiously, and (in his 
retume from the Parliament., being then one of the Knights 
for this County,) died at Cirencester, the 4th of July, A^ Dni. 

In whose memory his foresaid wife caused this Monument to 
be erected. 

Thy houre-glasse is first run, and there remaines 

In mine, but a small part of falling graincs ; 

Thou wcr't my leader to this hallowed place, 

And I come afU^r, though with slower pace ; 

My voyage done, here I my rest will take. 

And in this bed, sleepc wit^i thee and awukc." 


u. Giles de la Estcourt, of the City of Salis- 
bury, married Elizabeth Webb, and had issue, 
1. (Sir) Edward Estcourt, of the City of 
Salisbury, who married Mary, d. of Sir John 
Glanvil, of Tavistock, Devon, Judge of the 
Court of Common Pleas. 

1. Honor, married, first, to Thomas, son 
of Sir G. Monpeson, Kt. ; secondly, to 
Thomas Harding. 

2. Mary, married James Thurbarme, of 
New Romney, in Kent. 

iii George EBtcourt. married Joane Steede. 
and had issue. 

i Edmond, married Maiy Bernard, and 
had issue, 

1. George, and several daughters. 
iL John, married Grace Lygon, and had issue, 
1. Edmund, and other children, 
iv. Richard Estcourt married Anne Wilcox, 
and had issue, 

1. Edmimd Estcourt, married to Jane, 
daughter of Sir G. Snig, one of the 
Barons of the Exchequer, and had issue, 

1. Thomas. 3. Edmond. 5. John. 

2. Richard. 4. Georga 6. William* 

2. Thomas. 

3. Richard, married Agnes, daughter of 
Sir G. Ive. 

4. Jasper, married Elizabeth, daughter of 
Sir J Kt., and had issue, a daughter, 


Eleanor, married to Rev. Thomas Wor- 
borough, Rector of S. Michaers, Gloucester. 
6. Cicely, married to William Poole. 

6. Mary, married to Richard Guynett. 

7. Joan, married to Thomas Blanchard. 

8. Elizabeth, married to Toby Chapman.* 
Giles Estconrt^ of the Newnton and Salisbury 

branch of this &mily, was created a baronet on 
the 17th of March, 1626-7. He married Ann, 
daughter of Sir Robert Mordaunt, Bart., of Little 
Massingham in Norfolk; and was succeeded by 
his son, Sir Giles Estcourt^ who died unmarried 
on his travels, near Lepanto, in Greece, in 1675, 
and was succeeded by his brother, William, who 
was killed at the Devil's Tavern, London, by Sir 
Henry St. John,* in 1684. At his death this title 

* From this line are descended the Branch of Estconrt 
settled at Pinkney. 

^ This qaarrel occurred Dec. 20tb, 1684, and is noticed by 
Evelyn in his Diary, Bishop Bomet mentions the story thus : 
That in 1684 a yonng gentleman of noble family (Sir Heniy 
St John, the fisUher of Queen Anne's secretary,) being at 
supper with a large party, a sudden quarrel arose between 
him and another gentleman (Sir William Estcourt,) warm 
words passed, and swords were drawn. Three persons were en- 
gaged, one of whom was killed on the spot ; the other two were 
indicted for the murder. It was uncertain by whom the &tal 
wound was given ; nor did the proof against either amount 
to more than manslaughter. Yet Sir Henry St John waa 
advised to confess the indictment, and let sentence pass for 
murder. He was threatened wiih the utmost rigour of the 


became extinct, and the estate of Newnton passed 
to his sisters, and was bequeathed by the last 
survivor to her cousin Edmund, of Burton Hill, 
upon whose death it passed, with his estates of 
Shipton and Lasborough, to Thomas, the son of 
Matthew Estcourt, of Cam. 

Walteb, the son of Thomas Estcourt of Ship- 
ton, who died in 1 725, lefl the estate to Thomas, 
the son of Edmund Estcourt, of Saloombe, in 
Hertfordshire. He died Oct. 6th, 1746, aged 49, 
and left the estate to his brother Edmund, who 
died in 1750, and left the estate to Thomas, the 
son of Matthew Estco\n:t, of Cam. 

law if he neglected to follow this advice ; if he complied 
he was promised a pardon. He complied, and was con- 
victed, but found that his pardon was to be purchased bj 
paying £1,600. One half of this the King converted to his 
own use, and bestowed the remainder on two ladies then 
high in favour. This is the Bishop's story. It appears, 
however, that after hu conviction a doubt arose as to whether 
the King could pardon him. The matter was much debated ; 
and Bishop Barlow wrote one of his Casta of Conseiencey 8vo., 
1692, on the subject, and determines it in the affirmative* 
It is said that, to obviate all doubts, the King granted him 
a reprieve ; in confirmation of this, no pardon seems to 
have been enrolled. The reprieve was for a long term of 
years, which the extreme old age to which he attained 
(ninety,) rendered it not improbable that he may have sur- 
vived. Amongst the records at the Rolls Chapel, is a resti- 
tution of the estates of Sir Henry St. John, forfeited to the 
Crown by his feloniously killing and murdering Sir William 
£stcourt (See NoUs ami Qaeriea^ 2nd Series, vol. ii., p. 372.) 


Matthew Ebtoourt, of Cam, married Lydia 
Hailing, and had issue, Matthew, who died s. p. ; 
Thomas, of whom hereafter; Edmund, Solicitor 
to the Excise, who died in 1714 ; Edward, D.D., 
in holy orders. Rector of Long Newnton and Did- 
marton; he died 17th Sept, 1802, aged 51, and 
was buried at Shipton Moyne ; Lydia, who died a. 
p., in 1804, and waa buried at Cam ; Esther who 
also died a p., 1785, and was buried at Shipton. 

Thomas Estoourt married, 6th Oct., 1774, 

Jane, daughter of James, second Viscount Grim- 

ston (by Mary his wife, d. of John AskeU Bucknall, 

Esq., of Oxhey, in Hertfordshire.) She died Feb. 

3rd, 1829, aged 80, and left issue, 

i Thomas, of whom hereafter. 

iL Edmund William, bom 18th April, 1782; 

M.A. of Oriel College, Oxford, in holy orders ; 

Rector of Long Newnton and Shipton Moyne. 

He married Bertha Elizabeth, daughter of 

Thomas Wyatt^ Esq., of Wargrove, Berks ; 

and had issue, Edgar Edmund, Matthew 

Hale, Chas. Wyatt, Arthur Harbottle, Mary 

Jane. Mr. Estcourt died I7th May, 1856. 

i. Harriett Jane Bucknall, died s. p., 2dth July, 

iL Charlotte, of the Priory, Long Newnton. 
Mr. Estcourt was M.P. for Grickdale, and died 
Dec. 2nd, 1818, aged 70. He was succeeded by 
his son Thomas Grimston Estcourt, who as- 
sumed, in 1824, the name of Bucknall, in addition 


to his &mily name, and married 12th May, 1800, 
Eleanor, daughter and oo-heiress of James Sutton, 
Esq., of New Park, Devizes, (she died June 23rd, 
1829, aged 49,) and had issue : 

L Thomas Henry Sutton, bom 4th April, 
1801. Educated at Harrow, and Oriel Col- 
lege, Oxford ; RA. 1823 ; M.A. 1826. KP. for 
Marlborough from 1829 to 1832; for Devizes 
from 1835 to 1844 ; and for North Wilts since 
that date. He married, in 1830, Lucy Sarah, 
daughter of Admiral Frank Sotheron, M.P., of 
Kirklington, Notts, whose name he assumed, by 
sign manual, in 1839, and re-assumed his pa- 
ternal name, by sign manual, in 1855. Mr. 
Sotheron Estcourt is a captain in the Boyal 
Wilts Yeomanry Cavalry, and magistrate for 
Wilts and Gloucester. 

ii James Bucknall, bom 12th July, 1802. 
He was educated at Harrow and Sandhurst, and 
in 1820 entered the army as ensign, in the 44th 
Foot, fix)m which he immediately exchanged into 
the 43rd light Infantry. He obtained Ins lieu- 
tenancy in 1824, and his captaincy in 1825, 
both by purchase. In 1834 he accompanied 
Colonel Chesney on his Euphrates expedition, 
as second in command He obtained his major- 
ity by purchase, in 1836, and in August, 1837, 
married Caroline, daughter of Kt. Hon. Beginald 
Pole Carew, of Antony, Cornwall. In 1838 
he was ordered to Canada; and in 1839 


gazetted lieut-Colonel, for his services on the 
Euphrates. In January, 1843, he was ap- 
pointed by the Secretary of State, British Com- 
missioner to settle the boundary line between 
the United States and British America, from 
the Bay of Fundy to the River St. Lawrence, 
which arduous task he successfrdly accomplished 
in three years. From 1848 to 1852 he was 
M.P. for Devizes. On the breaking out of 
the Russian war, he was gazetted Adjutant- 
Greneral of the Crimean army, and in the Brevet 
of 1854 was appointed Major-GeneraL He 
was in close attendance on Lord Baglan at 
Alma ; accompanied him in his celebrated flank 
march to Balaklava, and attended him from 
dayUght on the battle field of Likermann. 
Through the trying winter of 1854-55, he 
faithfully performed his duty ; and without 
retiring a day from his post, discharged the 
onerous duties devolving on him till the 20th 
of June, when unmistakeable symptoms of 
cholera appeared, and he expired on the morn- 
ing of the 24th, in the presence of his wife 
and sister, four days before the death of his 
friend and chiel^ Lord Baglan. A fortnight 
after the news of his death reached England, 
his name was gazetted as one of those on whom 
Her Majesty would have conferred a K.C.B., 
had he survived. His widow has since, by 
special command of Her Majesty, assumed that 


rank which she would have been entitled to, 
had her husband survived to enjoy the honor 
which he so justly earned 

iiL Edmund Hiley, bom 22nd November, 
1803. M.A. of Merton College, Oxford, in holy 
orders ; Rector of Eckington, Derbyshire, Mar- 
ried, 16th April, 1830, Ann, daughter of Sir 
John Lowther Johnston, Bart., of Westerhale, 
County Dumfiries, and has issue, 
i. George Thomas, bom 1840. 
ii. Charlotte Eleanor. Married in 1853, 
Rev. Fred. Gipps, Vicar of Corbridge, Nor- 
iii. Jane. 

iv. Gertrude. Married, 1856, Rev. Thos. 
Golightly, of Bodington, Northampton, now 
Rector of Shipton Moyne, Gloucestershira 
V. Isabella. vii. Evelyn, 

vi. Clara. viii. Eatherine. 

iv. Walter Grimston, bom 16th May, 1807. 
Commander, R.N. Died of fever contracted 
on the coast of Africa, whilst in command of 
H.M.8. Eclair, Sept. 16th, 1845.* 

V. William John, bom 17th May, 1812. In 
holy orders ; M.A. of Balliol College, Oxford ; 
Rector of Long Newnton, Wilts. Married, in 

* A monument has been erected to hia memoiy in the 
Chapel of H.M. Dockyard, Portsmonih, by his brother 
Officers and Friends, on which is the following inscription : 


1848, Mary, daughter of Rev. John Drake, and 
has issue a daughter, Eleanor. 

vi. Edward Dugdale, bom 6th Feb., 1818, Bar- 
rister-at-law, and M.A. of Balliol Collie, Oxford. 

L Eleanor. Married, in 1836, the Right Hon. 
Henry Unwin Addington, nephew of first Vis- 
count Sidmouth. 

iL Mary Ann. 
Thomas G. B. Estoourt, who was M.P. for 
Devizes, firom Jan. 1805 to 1826, and for the 

Sacred to the Memory 


Commaader W. G. B. Estcourt, 

Late in command of Her Majestjr's steam sloop Eclair, who 

died on the 16th of September, 1845, 

Aged 38 Years, 

On passage fix)m Bona Vista to Madeira, firom fever contracted 

on the Coast of Afirica, while employed in the suppression 

of the 

Slave Trade. 

His Brother Officers and Friends, 

to whom he had become endeared by many virtues, have 

erected this 


to record the deep sense of their loss, and perpetuate the 

memory of his worth. 
With Commander Estcourt perished 65 Officers and Men, in 

the short period of two months. 
Is not this the &st that I have chosen? to loose the bands 
of wickedness, to undo the heavy burdens, and to let the 
oppressed go firee, and that ye break every yoke t 

Isaiah 58, 6. 

University of Oxford,' from that date till 1847, 
died July 25th, 1853, and was succeeded by his 
son, THoa H. S. SoTHBRON EsTCOURT, the present 
owner of Estcourt 

Arms. — £rmine on a chief indented, gules, 
three estoiles, or. 

Crest. — Out of a mural crown, azure, a demi 
eagle, with wings displayed, ppr. beaked, or. 

Seat. — Estcourt, Tetbury, Gloucestershire. 


This family is one of the oldest in Gloucester- 

GwYTHENOC, or Wythb- 
NOC, came from Brittany to 
England with William the 
Conqueror. He held the 
Castle and Barony of Mon- 
mouth. He founded the 
Abbey of Monmouth, and 
died ante 1086. 

His brother Baderon, 
who came into England with 
Wythenoc, had five sons : *™ "* """'^ 

i. WllxiAM Prrz Baderon, Baron of Mon- 
mouth, mentioned in Domesday, Uving in 1119. 
il Jevan. 


iii Koaps or Robert, who had a son, John 
Fitz Robert. 

iv. Pagan, who had a son, Thomas Fitz Pagan. 
V. Owen the Slender. 
William Fitz Baderon had issue, Baderon db 
Monmouth, Baron Monmouth, living in 1128, 
married Roesia, daughter of Gilbert de Clare, 
and sister of Strongbow, Earl of Pembroke, and 
had issue, 

L Gilbert de Monmouth, Baron Monmouth, 
(died about 1290.) He married Bertha, daugh- 
ter of Philip de Braose, and had issue, 

i. John de Monmouth, Baron of Monmouth, 
married, first, Cecily, daughter and co-heiress 
of William Walleran ; and secondly, Agnes, 
daughter and co-heiress of Wm. de Musgros, 
and had issue, L John de Monmouth, who 
married, firsts Maud, daughter of David, Earl 
of Huntingdon, and had issue, a daughter ; 

married, secondly, Catherine . He died 

before 1274. ii. Richard de Wyesham, an- 
cestor of the Wyeshams. 
ii. James de Monmouth, 
iii. Roaps or Robert, 
iv. Sm Walter de Huntley, the son of 
Baderon de Monmouth and Roesia de Clare, mar- 
ried Petronilla, eldest daughter and co-heir of 
Walter de Musgros. He had granted to him 
Huntley, parcel of the Barony of Monmouth, by 
John the Baron, who styles him ^^ Consanguieus 


meua'' Sir Walter de Hiintley, by his marriage 
with Petromlla de Musgros, had issue, 

i Sm Walter db Huntley, Juil, who 
married the daughter and co-heiress of William 
de HaHdngs, younger son of Lord Hastings. 

ii. Elchard de Huntley, living in 1243. 

Sir Walter de Huntley, Junr., had issue, Sir 

Thomas ds Huntley, who married the daughter 

and co-heiress of — Grendour, Lord of S. Brides, 

Netherwent. He was living in 1299, and had issue, 

i Thomas, (called Tomlyn by the WelsL) 

He married Alice, daughter and heiress of Sir 

William Wallis, of Treowen. 

ii. John Htmtley, Lord of Purton, Worces- 
tershire, 1313 ; and of S. Brides in 1315. He 
died & p. 
Thomas Huntley had issue, 

i. Gwilym, or William Huntley, of Treowen, 
fix)m whom descend the Huntleys of Treowen. 
ii. John Huntley of S. Brides, 
iii Hugh. 

iv. David, living 1382. 
V. Adams ap Tomlyn, living in 1389 ; d. s. p. 
vi. Robert ; d. s. p., 1376. 
John Huntley married Elizabeth, daughter 
of John ap Adam, (heir of her brother John, in 
1399,) and had issue, 

L John Huntley, of S. Bridea 
ii. A daughter, married to Thomas Pell, of 
Usk, and living in 1441. 


John Huntley of S. Brides, married Jane, 
daughter of Sir Roger Vaughan, of Bredwardine, 
(who was killed at Agrncourt, Oct. 25th, 1415,) 
and had issue. 

i. John Huntley, (living in 1449,) who mar- 
ried Johanna, daughter and heiress of John 
RouAis als ap Adam, and had only female issua 
ii. Thomas Huntley, of Hadnock, who mar- 
ried Margery, daughter of C3mstopher Baynham, 
and had issue, 

L Hugh Huntley of Hadnock. 
ii William. 
Hugh Huntley, who was living in 1526, had 

i. Richard Huntley, who married Margaret 
Owen, or Gwyn. 
ii John Huntley of Hadnock; living in 1537. 
iii Elizabeth, 
iv. Catherina 
John Huntley married Margaret Andrewes, 
and had issue, 

i Thomas Huntley, of Hadnock, who died 
before 1564. He married Anne, daughter of 
Eichard Bra3me, and had issue, daughters. 

ii. John Huntley, of Standish, in Glou- 
cestershire ; mentioned by Sir R Atkyns and 
Rudder, living in 1545. He married Alice, 
sister and heiress of Edmund Langley, of Sid- 
dington, in Gloucestershire, and had issue, 

i George Huntley, of Frocester Court, Glou- 


cestershire. He married Catherine, daughter 

of John Walsh, of Sodbury, and had issue, 

i. John Huntley, of Frocester Court, 

who married Jane, daughter of Sir Edward 

Kame, Knt, of Glamorganshire, and had 


i. Greorge Huntley, of Frocester Court, 
who married Eleanor, daughter of Sir 
William Winter, and died 22nd Sept., 
1622, s. p. This Sir George Huntley 
entertained Queen Elizabeth at Frocester 
Court, on her way to Berkeley Castle, 
ii. William, 
ii. Henry Huntley, of Boxwell Court, 
Gloucestershire, (will dated 1556.) He mar- 
ried, first, Elizabeth, daughter of Wm. 
Throgmorton, of Tortworth, Gloucestershire, 
and had issue, 

i. George Huntley, of Boxwell Court, 
of whom hereafter. 

u. Frances, married John Bowdler, of 
iii. Elinor. 
Henry Huntley married, secondly, Anne, daugh- 
ter of John Bufford, and had issue, 

i. Edmund Huntley, Colonel in the 
army ; served in the Low Coimtries. He 
waa married to Anne, daughter and heir^ 
of John Kemys, and died s. p. (Will 
dated 26th Jime, 1591.) 


George Huntley of Boxwell Court, was M.P. 
for Cricklade in 1555, and High Sheriff of Glou- 
cestershire in 1563. He married Constance, 
daughter and co-heiress of Edward Ferrers, of 
Wood Bevington, and Baddesley Clinton, County 
Warwickshire, and had issue, 

i. John Huntley. He married Frances, daugh- 
ter of Sir John Conway, and died vitd patris. 
He had issue, a son John, killed at the storm- 
ing of Cirencester by Prince Kupert. 
iL George, d. s. p. 

iii. William, who married Aime, daughter of 
Thomas Morgan, and had issue, an only child, 

iv. Matthew the Cavauer, (baptized at 
Boxwell, 1580 ; buried there 1653.) 

V. Constance, who married, first, Richard 
BaskerviUe ; secondly. Sir John Sidney. 
Matthew Huntley married, first, a daughter 

of Algini, and had a son, Matthew, who died 

young ; secondly, Frances, daughter of Sir (Jeorge 
Snigg, Baron of the Exchequer, and had issue, 
L George Huntley, bom 1623, of whom 
hereafter, died 1670. 
ii. WiUiam, d. s. p. 
iii. Thomas, d. s. p. 
iv. Henry, d. s. p. 
V. Gabriel, d. s. p. 
vi. Edmund, A, s. p. 
viL Francis, d. s. p. 


viii. Alice, married to Sir John Wynniard, 
and died in childbed. 

iz. Maiy, married to George Lyte, of Ljte's 

X. A daughter, married to Thomas Smith, of 
the Inner Temple. 

Geobge Huntley, of Boxwell Court (who died 
in 1670, aged 47,) married Sylvester, daughter and 
heiress of Edward, the son of Nicholas Wekys, 
Esq., (she died in 1675,) and had issue, 

L George, d. a p. 1679. Buried at BoxwelL 
ii. Amy, married — Guise ; died in childbed. 
iiL Matthew, of whom hereafter, 
iv. Henry, dap. 
V, Edward, d. a p. 
vl WekyB. 
vii. Henrietta, 
viii. France& 
ix. Susamia. 
X. Elizabeth, 
xi. Anne, 
xii. Alice. 

xiii. Mary, married, 1st, Sir Thomas Engle- 
field, Bart., of Englefield, Coimty Bucking- 
hamshire ; second, Walter Allday. 
Matthew Hxtntley, of Boxwell Court, was 
bom in 1655, married Elizabeth, daughter and 
heiress of John Chandler, and niece and heiress 
of Edward Chandler, D.D., Lord Bishop of Dur- 
ham, and had issue. He died in 1711. 


L BiCHABD, of whom hereafter. 

iL Matthew, buried at Boxwell, 1711, da p- 

Hi Elizabeth, d s. p. 

iv. Bose, buried in 1714, dap. 

V. Mary, d, a. p. 

vi. Elizabeth, married Thomaa Johnson, of 
Newcastle-on-Tyne, and dap. 
RiCHABD Huntley was bom in 1690. He 
was in holy orders, Kector of Boxwell and Castle 
Coombe, buried at Boxwell, 1723, set. 39, married 
Anne, daughter of Colonel Lee, of the Donjon, 
Canterbury, and of Walsingham, Norfolk, and 
had issue, 

i. Bichard, who died an in£mt. 

ii. Richard, bom 1721. 

iiL Dorothy, d s. p. 

iv. Elizabeth, d s. p. 

V. Anne, married Henry Stephens, Esq., of 

vL Mary, married Daniel Woodward, of Bris- 
tol, from whom are descended the Lee Warners 
of Walflingham Abbey. 

Bjchasd Huntley, bom in 1721, in holy 
orders, Bector of Boxwell and Shipton Moyne, 
buried at Boxwell, 1794, set. 73, married Anne, 
daughter and heiress of Nicholas Beaker, of Net- 
tleton. County Wilts, and had issue, 

L Bichard, died an in&nt. 

u. Bichard, bom 1766. 

iil Wadham Huntley, in holy orders. Vicar 


of Aston Blank, and Bector of Eastington, died 
unmarried, 1844, set. 73. 

iv. Anne, married James Hardwicke, D.D., 
and d. s. p. 

V. Mary, married, first, Thomas Hughes, sur- 
geon ; second, W. W. Darke, M.D., and d s. p. 

yi Catherine, married Rev. Benjamin Spry, 
from whom are descended the Skrines of War- 

vii. Sarah, married William Veel, Esq., and 
had issue, Joseph Colboume Veel, Esq. 
BiCHABD Huntley, bom in 1766, in holy 
orders. Rector of Boxwell and Dodington, died in 
1831, set. 65, married Anne, daughter and heiress 
of James Webster, LL.B., Archdeacon of Glou- 
cester, and ultimate heir of William Warburton, 
D.D.y Lord Bishop of Gloucester, and had issue, 
i RiCHABD Webstbb* bom 2nd April, 1793, 
at BoxwelL 

iL James Webster, in holy orders, Vicar of 
Thursby and of Kirklington, Cumberland. He 
married Anne, daughter of Samuel Goodenough, 
son of Samuel Goodenough, Lord Bishop of 
Carlisle, and has issue, 

L Anne. ii Frances. 

iiL (Sir) Henry Veel, Kt, RN., married Anne, 
daughter of General Skinner, and has issue, 
i. Spencer Robert, RN. 
ii. Henry Ferrers, 
iii. Constance. 


iv. Edmund, married Harriett, daughter of 
William Goode, of Brompton, Middlesex, and 
had issue, 

i. Osmond Currie Huntley, an only son. 

V. William Warburton, married Emily Theresa, 
daughter of Sir Lewis Versturme, Knt., d. s. p. 

vi Lee Warner, d. s. p. 

vii. George, A a p. 

viil Osmond Charles, d. s. p. 

ix. Anne, d. s. p. 

X. Frances, d. a p. 

XL Clara Jane, married William Miles, of 
Great Saxham Hall, County Suffolk, and has 

■«u^ two sons «d si. daih.- 

xiL Frances, married W. B. Brodie, Esq., 

late MR for Salisbury, and has issue, four 
sons and four daughters. 

xiiL George Henry, living unmarried in 1856. 
Rev. Richard Webster Huntley, M.A. and 
late Fellow of All Soids, Oxford, and Proctor for 
that University in 1825, is Rector of Boxwell 
and Vicar of Alberbury. He married Mary, 
daughter of Richard Lyster, Esq., M.P., of Row- 
ton Castle, County Salop, and has issue, 

i. Richard Freville, bom 15th Dec., 1833, 
of the Inner Temple, Barrister-at-Law, of Bal- 
liol College. Oxford. 

iL Henry, bom 23rd Feb., 1835, of Exeter 
CoU^e, Oxford. 


Arms. Argent, or a Chevron sable, between 
three stags' heads, erased of the second, as many 
bugle horns of the first. 

Crest. A Talbot ppr. Collared and lined or, on 
a wreath. 

Motto. Je Youl droit avoir. 

Seat. Boxwell Court, Glouoestershire. 

HoLFORD OF Weston Birt. 

The first of this family 
who possessed property 
in Gloucestershire was 


Ent., a Master in Chan- 
cery, (appointed June 
28, 1694.) He married, 
first, Sarah, daughter 
and heiress of John Crew, 
Esq., of Weston Birt, 
and thence became pos- 
sessed of that estate; Ti»eAnD.ofth0Hbifcrt.. 

secondly, Elizabeth, daughter of Vice-Admiral Sir 
Richard Stayner, by whom he had issue, a son, 
Robert, and other children ; thirdly, Susanna, 
daughter of Samuel Trotman, Esq. 

Robert, his son by his second wife, was bom 
in 1686, and was also a Master in Chancery, 
(appointed Oct. 17, 1712.) He married Sarah, 


daughter of Sir Peter Vandeput, and had issue, 
a son Peter, and other children. Mr. Kobert 
Holford died in 1753. 

Peter, his son, was bom in 1719. He also 
was a Master in Chancery, (appointed Aug. 14, 
1750.) He married Anne, daughter of William 
Nutt, Esq., of Buxted, Sussex, and had issue, 
L Adam, bom 1753, died an in&nt. 
ii. Robert, bom in 1758, died s. p. 1838. 
iii. George Peter, of whom presently. 

i. Sarah, married in 1806, Sir Charles G. 
Hudson, Bart., of Wanlip, County Leicester, 
and died s. p. in 1812. 

iL Charlotte, married in 1796, Charles 
Bosanquet, Esq., of Bock, Cotmty Northum- 
berland, and died in 1839. 
George Peter Holford, Esq., was bom in 1767, 
and married in 1802, Anne, daughter of Bev. 
Averell DanieU, of lifford, County Denial, and 
had issue, 

i. Egbert Stayner, now of Weston Birt. 
L Ann Jane, married in 1832, Bobert Blag- 
den Hale, Esq., of Alderley, late M.P. for the 
Western Division of Gloucestershire, and has 

L Bobert, bom in 1834. 

ii. Matthew Holford, bom in 1835. 

i Anne. 

iL Theodosia 

iii. Georgina. 


ii. Georgma^ married in 1856, Robert Peter 
Burrell, Esq., of Stoke Paxk, Suffolk. 

iiL Emily Elizabeth, married in -1836, Sir 
George J. Palmer, Bart., of Wanlip, County 
Leicester, (she died in 1852,) and has issue, 
I Archdale Robert, b. 1838. 
iL George, 
i Emily. 
Robert Stayner Holford, Esq., was bom in 
1808, and was educated at Harrow, and Oriel 
College, Oxford, and is M.P. for the Eastern 
Division of the County of Gloucester. He served 
the office of High Sheriff of Gloucestershire in 
1843, and is in the Commission of the Peace for 
that County and Wiltshire. He married in Aug. 
1854, Mary Anne, daughter of Major General 
James Lindsay, of Balcarres, County Fife, and 
has issue, 

i Margaret. iL Evelyn. 

Arms. — ^Ar. a greyhound in full course sa 
Crest. — ^A greyhound, head and neck couped on 

a baton. 

Seats. — Dorchester House, Park Lane, London ; 

Weston Birt, Tetbury. 



Paul of Highgrove. 

The first of this family who settled in Tetbury 
was JosiAH, the son of Nathaniel Paul, of King 
Stanley. He married Hester, daughter of Giles 
Pike, of Tetbury, and had 

I John, bom 1707. 
Married Sarah, daugh- 
ter of — Wight, of 
Wot ton - under-Edge. 
Died September, 1789, 
aged 80. 
ii. George, 
iii. SamueL 
iv. Josiah 

i. Elizabeth ; married John Bamford, of 
Tetbury, and had issue. 

ii Mary ; married John Gethin of Durs- 

ley, and died s. p., August 2nd, 1782, aged 72. 

iii Hester ; married Richard Tippetts, of 

Dursley, in 1745, at Newington Bagpath. 

She died in 1784, and is buried at Tetbury. 

Mr. JosiAH Paul died Oct. 2nd, 1744, and 

was succeeded by his son John, who died without 

issue, Sept. 2nd, 1789, and was succeeded by his 

nephew, Josiah Paul Tippetts, son of his sister 

Hester, by her marriage with Kichard Tippetts. 

The Anns of the Paar& 


He was bom at Dursley, in 1748, and in accord- 
ance with the will of his maternal uncle, John 
Paul, assumed the name of Paul, under sign 
manual, 12th Nov. 1787. He married, in 1771, 
Mary, the daughter of Robert Clark, Esq., of 
Tetbury, and had issue, 

L John Paul Paul, bom August 24th, 1772. 
He married Mary, only child of Walter Matthews, 
Esq., of Clapham, Surrey, and had issue, 

1. John, bom July 2nd, 1795, and d. s. p., 
14th Oct., 1817, aged 22. 

2. Walter Matthews, bom 7th Feb., 1797 ; 
married, Ist of July, 1819, Elizabeth, second 
daughter of John Hawker, Esq., and had issue, 

I Walter John, bom 20th Jan., 1823. 
ii. Arthur George, bom July, 25th, 1831. 
lieut. 23rd Kegt. 

iii. Francis, bom Jan. 12th, 1836. En- 
sign 23rd Kegt. H.E.LC.S. 

i Mary Elizabeth ; d. a p., March 10th, 
ii. Susan. 

iii. Letitia Margaret. 
Mr. Walter Paul is a Magistrate for Gloucester 
and Wilts, and Captain of the Tetbury troop of 
the Royal Gloucestershire Yeomanry Cavalry. 

1. Mary, who married, first, in 1813, Gerard 
Martin Berkeley Napier, Esq., of Pennard House, 
Somerset^ (he died in May, 1820,) and by him 
had issue. 

228 ' 

- ^ 

L Edward Berkeley, bom Nov, 5, 1816, \ 

and married the daughter of General Sir 
John Wilson. ^ 

ii Charles Walter Albin, bom 1819, in - ^ 

holy orders, married Marianne Flora, second 
daughter of Lord Talbot de Malahide. ^ 

Hi Gerard John, bom 1818, Captain RN. 

i Letitia Mary, married May, 1839> Fred 
Cripp,, a,,, and dirf Aug., 1889. 

ii Julia Arundell, died in 1849. 
Mrs. Napier married secondly, 28th September, 
1835, Sir John Dean Paul, Bart., and died 6th 
February, 1842. 

2. Anna Maria, married June 15, 1820, the 
Rev. WUliam S. Birch, Rector of Easton Grey 
and Luckington, and had issue, 

L William Paul, bom December 8, 1821, 
(of Exeter CoUege, Oxford,) and dap. 1843. 

iL George Edward, bom December 9, 1831, 
of Oriel College, Oxford. 

iii Henry John, bom September 13, 1833. 

iv. Walter Albin, bom February, 1836, and 
died May 22, 1841. 

L Haniette, d. s. p. 1840. 

ii. Mary, d. s. p. 1839. 

iii. Emily. 

iv. Elizabeth. 

▼. Frances Adelaide, died s. p. 1840. 

vL Ann Maria. 
Mr& Birch died October 13, 1839. 




3. Hariette, married in July, 1839, the Rev. 
John Frampton, Vicar of Tetbury, and had issue, 
i. John Paul, bom December 6, 1830, and 
died October 25, 1840. 

ii Edward, born December 23, 1831. 
iii. Frederick William, bom Feb. 20, 1833. 
iv. Walter, born August 22, 1837. 
• V. John, bom February 8, 1841. 
vi James Henry, bom Nov. 5, 1842. 
i. Harriette. 
iL Mary. 
iiL Anne. 

iv. Hannah Audrey Grace, died & p. March 
30, 1848. 
Mrs* Frampton died 18th January, 1851. 
Mr. John Paul Paul was educated at Queen's 
College, Oxon, and was High Sheriff of Wilts 
in 1807. He was created D.C.L. of Oxford, 
22nd June, 1814, and in 1818 he purchased the 
Manor of Doughton of Thomas Talboys, Esq., and 
died in 1828, and was succeeded by his eldest 
surviving son, Walter Matthews PauL 

ii. Robert Clark, bom September 9, 1775, 
married July 2, 1794, Elizabeth, only child of Ed- 
ward Browne, of the city of Bristol, and had issue^ 
i. Edward Browne. 

ii. Josiah Tippetts, bom 13th April, 1801, 
He married, firsts September 24, 1827, Char- 
lotte, only child of the Rev. John Harman 
Howes, Rector of Easton Grey, and had issue, 


i. Clara Frances, married September 25, 
1856, Rev. David Kitcat, M.A, of Trimty 
College, Oxford 

ii Charlotte Augusta Maria. 
Secondly, in 1848, Mary Ann Jane, daughter 
of the late Captain Henry White, of Tetbury, 
and has issue, 

i. Alfred Henry, bom July 30, 1849. 

ii. Josiah Edward, bom April 24, 1852. 

i. Ada Mary. 

3. Bobert Clark, bom May 30, 1804. 

4. Henry, bom December 13, 1805, and mar- 
ried in 1837, Sarah Kingstone, and had issue. 

5. Frederick, born February 22, 1809, and 
married in 1838, Elizabeth Y. Haines. 

6. Alfred John, bom January 11, 1811, Com- 
mander RN., died August 18, 1845. 

7. Charles William, bora Feb. 13, 1813, mar- 
ried Sept. 21, 1844, Ann, daughter of William 
Maskelyne, Esq., and died s. p., March 14, 1854. 

1. Ann, bom September 9, 1797, and died 
8. p., October 10, 1856. 

2. Maria Harriette, married April, 1830, Rev. 
John Duffiis, and has issue, two sons and five 

Mr. Robert Clark Paul died 25th Oct., 1856. 

iii Josiah, bom January 2, 1779, Lieutenant 

RN., d. 8. p., September 28, 1799, at the 

Holder, on the Coast of Holland, whilst engaged 

in the service of his country. 


iv. Samuel Paul, bom July 18, 1781, educated 
as a Gentleman Commoner at New College, Ox- 
ford, married February, 1810, Mary Pearce, eldest 
daughter of the Rev. William Jenkins, Vicar of 
Sidmouth, (she died 31st December, 1847,) and 
had issue, 

1. Edmund William, bom November 9, 1810, 
married Charlotte, daughter of Harry James, 
Esq., and has issue. 

2. Augustus, bom 1814, d. s. p. 1854. 

3. Henry John, bom 1816, and married 
Bessie, daughter of James Ford, Esq., and has 

1. Charlotte Elizabeth Mary. 

2. Emma Maria Frederica, married Oct. 14, 
1835, Baynes K Beed, Esq., M.D., and had 
issue, five sons. 

Mrs. Beed died in 1847. 

3. Harriet Emily Kingscote, d. s. p. 1845. 

4. Caroline Mary, married in 1846, Charles 
Kitson, Esq., solicitor of Torquay, and has issue. 
The Bev. Samuel Paul Paul was elected Vicar 

of Tetbury 25th July, 1825, and died 29th of 
July, 1828. 

V. George, b. June 2, 1783, and d. s. p. 1829. 

vi. Bichard^ b. Jime 11, 1785, and d. s. p. 1815. 

viL Charles, b. May 30, 1790, and d s. p. 1846. 

L Maria Sloper Tippetts, bom January 2, 1774, 
and d. s. p., 1805. 

ii. Esther, d. s. p., 1778. 

227 ^ "^ 

iii. Eleanor, married 17th February, 1820, Jacob 
Wood, Esq., of Tetbury, and has issue, 

1. William Paul, bom 24th January, 1823, 
M. A. of S. John's College, Oxford, in holy orders, 
Rector of Saddington, Leicestershire, married 
Jaqu^te Maty, daughter of William Hole, Esq., 
and has issue, a son and two daughters. 

2. Charles Paul, solicitor, born August 17, 
1828, mairied 28th March, 1854, Mary, daugh- 
ter of John Lyall, Esq. 

1. Eleanor, married in 1843, William Brookes, 
Esq., of Elmestree, (Justice of the Peace for 
Gloucestershire, and Captain in the Eoyal North 
Gloucester Militia,) and had issud, 

i Alfred William, bom Aug. 15, 1847. 
ii Charles Henry, bom January 25, 1849. 
iii Francis Avenel, bom June 30, 1850. 
i. Marianne Ellen. 
ii Harriette Agnea 
iiL Elizabeth Ann. 
Mrs. Brookes died in May, 1854, 

2. Eliaabeth, died s. p., 1852, 

3. Maria Paul. 

4. Frances Paul. 




The Anns of Sftrage. 

Savage of Tetbury. 

The family of Savage, 
as may be inferred from 
the name, is of Norman 
extraction ; they most 
probably settled in Eng- 
land immediately after 
the Conquest. The name 
is first mentioned as Le 
Sauvage, and together 
with the names of many 
of our oldest famihes in 
England, it still exists in Normandy at this 
present day. The Savages of Bock Savage, &c., 
descended firom the Savages of Steinesby, CSounty 
Derby, who were seized of this manor in the reign 
of King John. It remained in their family till 
1580, when John Savage conveyed it to Lord 
Chancellor Bromley, by whom it is probable it 
was again conveyed to Sir William Cavendish. 
It « ^the property of the Duke of Devo-ahire. 
John Le Savage, living circa 1090, had a 
son, Adam Le Savage, (by deed without date), 
whose son Bobebt Le Savage, of Steinesby, 
County Derby, had a son John Le Savage, 
Lord of Steinesby, aforesaid. He was succeeded by 
his son Sir Geoffery Le Savage, of Steinesby, 
Knight, 1 Bichard L (1 1 90.) He married Lettice, 


daughter of Sir Henry de Ardeme, Knight, by 
whom he had a son, John Savage, of Steinesby, 
in lief anno Johannis, (1205.) He was succeeded 
by his second son John Savage, of Steinesby, 
who married Agatha, daughter and heiress of 
Henry S. Andrew, and by her had a son. Sir 
Thomas Savage, of Steinesby, Knight, Uving 
29 Edward I. (1301.) He had a son. Sir Egbert 
Savage, of Steinesby, Knight, 41 Edward III., 
(1367,) who married Amicia, daughter and heiress 
of Thomas Walkingham, by whom he had a son, 
Snt John Savage, Knight^ in lief 49 Edward III. 
(1375.) He married Margaret^ daughter and 
heiress of Sir Thomas Dangers, Knight, de Bradley. 
She afterwards married Sir Peter Leigh, of Lyme, 
Cheshire ; by this marriage, Clifton, County Ches- 
ter, afterwards called Bock Savage, came into 
the family. Sir John Savage died in 1386, and 
his wife in 1427. They had issue, two daughters, 
Elizabeth and Blanche, and a son, 

Sm John Savage, Knight, of Clifton, County 
Chester, was knighted at the battle of Agincourt, 
in 1415. He, instead of the arms which had 
always heretofore been borne by his family, viz., 
ar. six lioncels sa., took his mother's arms, ar. a 
pale fusile sa, and for the crest, a unicorn's 
head, couped, ar., which she granted him to bear 
aft»r the death of her father, 3 Henry V. (1416.) 
He married Maud, daughter and heiress of Sir 
Bobert Swimmerton, Knight, of Mojme Barrow, 


County Chester, Rushton, Comford, axid Aufitan* 
field, County Stafford ; she inherited them fix)m 
her father, and had issue, 

i. John. iii. Arnold. v. Roger, 

ii. William. iv. George, 
i. Margaret, married John Dutton, second son 
of Sir Peirs Dutton, of Dutton. 
John Savage, of Clifton, married Eleanor, 
daughter and heiress of Sir W. Brereton, and 
died in 1463, aged 53, he had issue, 
i. John. 

i. Marjory, married first, to Edmund Leigh, 
of Bagsleigh ; second, to Thomas Leycester, of 
the then Tabley, County Chester. 

ii. Margaret, married first John Maxfield, 
second, Eandle Mannering, of Over Pevon, 
County Chester. 

Sir John Savage, Knight, of Clifton, married 
Catherine, daughter and heiress of Sir Thomas 
Stanley, and sister to Thomas Stanley, Earl of 
Derby, and had issue, 

i. Sir John, Knight of Clifton. He led the 
charge of the left wing at the Battle of Bosworth 
Field, in 1485, and was very Instrumental, together 
with his uncle, Thomas, Lord Stanley, afterwards 
Earl of Derby, in the promoting of Henry VII. to 
the Throne, and in gaining the Battle of Bosworth 
Field. He was a valiant man^ and an expert 
soldier, and was made KG. by Henry VII. He 
was killed at the siege of Boulogne, in France, in 


1492, during the life-time of his father. He 
married Dorothy, the daughter of Kalph Vernon. 

Sib John Savage, great-grandson of the above 
Sir John, built a magnificent, mansion at Clifton. 
County Chester, and called it Rock Savage ; he 
died in 1597. He again took for his arms, ar. 
six lioncels sa., and for his crest, a lion's gamb sa. 
erect out of a ducal coronet or, which coat was 
afterwards always borne by his fiimily. John, 
his son and heir, the ninth of that name in suc- 
cession, was created a Baronet, in 1611. Sir 
John Savage, a younger son of the first Baronet, 
was murdered in 1609, by one Ralph Bathurst, 
who being arraigned for the act, and refusing 
to plead, was pressed to death. Sib Thomas 
Savaqe, second Baronet^ entertained King James 
I. and his whole Court, at Rock Savage in 1617, 
He was created Viscount Savage by Charles I. in 
1626. His son was in 1639 created Earl Rivers ; 
his mother being daughter and heiress of Thomaa, 
Lord d'Arcy, who enjoyed that title. By the 
death of John, fifth and last Earl Rivers, with- 
out issue, in 1728, the Manor of Clifton, or Rock 
Savage, passed to James, Earl Barryman, who 
had married Elizabeth, only daughter of Richard, 
fourth Earl Rivers, and fi-om them to Penelope, 
their only daughter. She married James, younger 
son of the Earl of Cholmondeley, in whose family 
the estate still remains, as well as the title of 
Earl of Rock Savage. 


ii. Thomas, who was in holy orders, was 
consecrated Bishop of Rochester in 1492, and 
translated to London in 1497, and from thence 
to York in 1501. He died in 1503, and was 
buried in York Minster, where there is a splendid 
altar tomb, with his effigy, erected to his memory. 
His heart was bnried at Maxfield, Comity Chests, 
where he had built a Chapel. It afterwards be- 
came the burial place of his family, and in it 
there are many magnificent monuments to them, 
iii. Sir Homfrey. 
iv. Lawrence. 
V. James. 

vi. Sir Edmund, who fell at Flodden Field, in 
1515. He married Mary, daughter of William 
Sparke, of Surrey, and widow of Roger Leigh, 
of Ridgeweigh, Maxfield, County Chester, and had 
issue, a son, Edmund, knighted by the Earl of 
Hertford, at Leith, in Scotland, in 1544. 
vii. Sir Christopher, of whom hereafter. 
viii. William, 
ix. George. 
X. Richard. 

Sir Christopher Savage married Anne, daugh- 
ter and heiress of Sir Richard Lygon, and died 
seized of the Manors of Aston-sub-Edge, Broad 
Campden, Burrington, and Westington, County 
Gloucester. In the 36th year of his reign, 
Henry VIIL granted to him the estates of 
Elmley Castle, County Worcester. He had issue, 


i. Francis. 

ii George, in holy orders, Archdeacon of 
Gloucester, and Hector of Seagrave, married 
Anne, daughter of George Turvile, the sister 
of Sir William Turvile, of Aston. He obtained 
the Manor of Walter fix)m his father-in-law. 
Francis Savage, of Elmley Castle, married 
Anne, daughter of William Sheddon, or Sheldon, 
of Borley Court, County Worcester, and had issue, 

i. Willkm. who married Anne, daughter and 
heiress of John Knotsford, of Great Malvern, 
(who brought the Priory at Great Malvern, 
and the estates into the family,) and had issue, 

1. Sir John Savage, Knt., married Dorothy, 
daughter of Sir Henry Poole, of Saperton, 
County Gloucester. 

2. Giles, married Elatherine, daughter of 
Sir Richard Dalston, and had issue, 

I Thomaa, married Mary, daughter of 
Sir John Ham. iiL Gile& 

ii. William. iv. John. 

1. Mary, married to Sir Thomas Estcourt. 
iL Walter, of whom hereafter, 
iii. Anthony, who sold his possessions at 
Broadway, to Lord Keeper Coventry. 

iv. John. 
Walter Savage, of Broadway, (which he in- 
herited £rom his mother,) married Elizabeth, daugh- 
ter of John Hall of Idlecote, County Worcester 
and had issue, 


i. lUchaxd. 
iL Balph. 

iiL Chables Savage, married Elizabeth, 
daughter of Anthony Abbingdon, of Dowda- 
well, County Gloucester, and had issue, 
i. Abingdon, died 1625. 
iL William of Tetbury, bom 1622, Magis- 
trate and Deputy Lieutenant for County of 
Gloucester, died 1681, aged 59. He married 
Mary, daughter of William Bird of Wotton- 
iii. Anthony, bap. in 1623. 
iv. John. 

i. Anne, bap. in 1623. 
iL Mary, bap. 1627. 
iii. Elizabeth, 
iv. Anthony. 

V. Francis, of whom hereafter, 
vi. John. 

viL Walter, who went to Spain in 1660. 
L Valentine. 
iL Bridget. 
Francis Savage, married in 1621, Mary, daugh- 
ter of Edmund Estcourt, of Shipton Moyne, 
brother of Sir Thomas Estcourt. He inherited 
the property of Dame Mary Estcourt, widow of 
Sir Thomas Estcourt, and also acquired consider- 
able property together with the old Mansion House 
in Tetbury, from his wife, the whole of whidi was 
devised entail to his son John and his heirs. 


By his marriage with Maiy Estcourt he had 

i. Francis, bap. 1626» d. 1636. 

\L John, bap. 1630, of whom hereafter. 

iii. Walter. 

iv. William, bap. 1633. 

V. Francis, bap. 1636. 

vL Thomas, bap. 1638. 

i. Mary, bap. 1622. 

ii. Lucy, bap. 1628. 

iii. Elizabeth, bom 1629, d. 1683, aged 54. 
John Savage of Tetbury, married Jane, daugh- 
ter of , and had issue. 

i. Francis, bap. 1651. 

ii. William, bap. 1663. 

L Elizabeth, bap. 1657. 

ii. Eatherine, bap. 1661. 

iii. Jane, bap. 1668. 
Francis Savage, in 1675, married Dorothy, 
daughter of — Solway, of Worcester. He re- 
sided at Severn Stoke, Worcestershire, until the 
death of his father in 1683, when he removed to 
Tetbury. He had issue, 

L Francis, bap. 1676. 

ii. John, bap. 1677, died 1691. 

iiL WiUiam, married Sarah, daughter of J. 
Jenkins, of South Cemey. 

L Jane. iii Dorothy. 

iL ]fflizabeth. iv. Eatherine. 

Francis Savage died in 1740, aged 63. He left 


to his son John all his fireehold messuages, land, 
and tenements, except the house and garden at 
Westoourt^ and all the land in the tything of 
Upton, in the parish of Tetbuiy, which he left 
to his second son, Francis. He had issue, 

i John, of Tetbury, who d a p. in- 1773. 
He survived his brother Francis, and left aU 
his property to his nephew John. 

iL Fbancis, of Tetbuiy, married Mary , 

and died intestate in 1769, when all his pro- 
perty passed to his only child, John, 
i. Elizabeth. 
iL Elinor. 
The Bev. John Savage, Rector of Beverstone 
and Weston Birt, married Charlotte, daughter of 
Walter Wiltshire, of Shockerwick House, County 
Somerset. He died in 1803, aged 56, and left 
his house and property, situated in or near Tet- 
buiy, for the use of his widow for her life, and 
after her death to his son John. 

Mrs. Savage died in 1846. The issue of this 
marriage was» 

i. John, of whom hereafter. 
iL Francis, of Springfield, Westbury-on-Trim, 
Coimty Gloucester, who married Juliana, daugh- 
ter of Thomas Walker, of Bedland, County 
Gloucester, and had issue, 

L Francis Walker, now of Springfield. 

ii. Charles Walter. 

L Louisa Walker, d. 1845. 


ii. Francis Harriet, 
iii. Juliana Charlotte. 
Mr. Francis Savage died in 1845. 
i Chajrlotte, d. s. p. 1847. 
ii. Elizabeth. 

iii: Louisa^ married Jacob Wilkinson, of Bath. 

John Savagb, of Tetbury, married Bachel, 

daughter of Robert Claxton, Esq., of the Island 

of St. Christopher, in the West Indies, and has 


i. John Claxton, d s. p. in 1836. 
ii. Heniy, d. 8. p., in infeucy. 
iiL Francis. 

iv. William, married Anne, daughter of Rev. 
Charles Holdsworth, of Dartmouth, County 

L Maria» died 1842. 
Mr. Savage sold the Mansion House and the 
close adjoining, which he inherited after the death 
of his mother, to Joseph Wood, Esq., banker of 
Tetbury, in 1850. The rest of the fiirms and 
other lands still belong to him (1856.) 

Extracts from the Parish Register of Tet- 

Talboys, Gastrell, &c. 

The following extracts from the Parish Register 
will be best understood by a few words being 
prefixed to them, respecting the alteration in 


the Calendar made by Pope Gregory XHL 
(1582.) Julius Caesar (B.C. 45,) fixed the solar 
year at 365 days, six hours ; but this was de- 
fective, since the true solar year consists of 365 
days, five hours, and forty-nine minutes. In 
the time of Pope Gregory XIII., this difference 
amounted to ten entire days, so that the vernal 
equinox fell on the 11th, instead of the 21st of 
March. The errors in the Julian style had for 
a long time attracted the attention of astronomers, 
when Pope Gregory XIIL undertook to reform 
the Roman Calendar. The alteration was made 
in October, 1582. In the Pontiff's new Calendar, 
ten days were deducted firom the year 1582, by 
calling what would have been the 5th the 15th 
day of October. It was attempted shortly after- 
wards to introduce this new style into Englaad. 
A bill waa brought into the House of Lords for 
reforming the Calendar, on the 16th of March, 
1584-5 (27 Eliz.) It was read on the 18th of 
the same month, after which no notice of the 
proposed measure appears. 

The historical year has for a long time com- 
menced on the 1st of January. The legal year 
commenced in England on the 25 th of March* 
until 24 Geo. II., c. 23, (1751,) in which year * 
an Act of Parliament was passed, entitled, "An 
Act for regulating the commencement of the year, 
and for correcting the Calendar now in use." It 
was ordered that the 1st day of January next 


should be reckoned as the first day of the year 
1752, and so on in all future years. The Gre- 
gorian style was received in France in 1582 ; 
in Spain, 1582; in Germany, 1584; in Great 
Britain and Ireland, 1752. Russia still retains 
the old style. 

The civil, ecclesiastical, and legal year, which 
was used by the Church, and in aU public in- 
struments, until the end of the thirteenth century, 
began at Christmas. In and after the fourteenth 
century, it commenced on the 25th of March, and 
so continued till the 1st of January, 1753.' 

This will explain why the years in the fol- 
lowing extracts begin at the 25th of March, 
until the year 1753. 

The Savage Family. 

1626 July 13, Francis, s. of Francis Savage, gent., bap. 

1627 October 4, Marj, d. of Charles Savage, bap. 

1628 April 24, Lucj, d. of Francis Savage, bap. 

1629 November 5, John, s. of Charles Savage, bap. 

1 630 August 5, John, s. of Francis Savage, gent., bap. 
1633 October 17, William, s. of Francis Savage, bap. 

1635 September 10, Ann, d. of Francis Savage, gent., bap. 

1636 July 8, Francis Savage bur. 

December 29, Frances, d. of Francis Savage, bap. 

1638 August 10, Frances Savage bur. 

^^ ^^^ • 

February 19, Thomas, s. of Francis Savage, bap. 
1640 April 7, Thomas, s. of Francis Savage, bap. 

* Sir Harris Nicholas's Chronology of History, p. 34-41 ', 
Haydn's Did. of Dates, 


1649 September 27» Mr. Anthony Ashfield and Mrs. Mary 

Savage mar. 

1650 September 20, Mary, d. of Anthony Ashfield, b^. 
1661 December 19, Francis, s. of John Savage, bap. 

Jan. 18, Mr. Joseph Norwent and Mrs. Mary Savage mar. 
1653 April 17, Elizabeth, d. of Joseph Norwent, bap. 
November 23, John, s. of John Savage, bom. 

1655 April 23, Mary, d. of Mr. William Savi^e, bom. 
May 25, Mary, d. of Mr. William Savage, bur. 

1656 October 5, Charles, s. of William Savage, bora. 

1657 July 31, Elizabeth, d. of John Savage, born. 
January 4, Mary, wife of Mr. Joseph Norwen^ bur. 

1658 July 28, William, s. of William Savage, bom. 

1659 September 24, Mary/d. of John Savage, bom. 

1660 May 22, George, s. of Mr. William Savage, bap. 
August 12, Jane, d. of John Savage, born. 
August 12, Ann, d. of John Savage, bom. 
September 13, Mrs. Ann Savage bur. 
December 21, Jane, d. of Mr. John Savage, bap. 

1661 November 21, Ann, d. of William Savage, gent. 
January 16, Katherine, d. of John Savage, gent, bap. 

1662 February 21, Thomas Savage and Elizabeth Hall mar. 

1663 October 8, William, s. of John Savage, gent., bap. 
October 15, Richard, s. of William Savage, gent., bap. 
October 17, Richard, s. of William Savage, bur. 
November 19, Elizabeth, d. of Thomas Savage, bap. 
February 2, Elizabeth, wife of Mr. Charles Savage, bur. 

1665 June 22, Charles, s. of John Savage, gent. 
January 11, John, s. of Thomas Savage, bap. 

1666 July 20, Abington, d. of William Savage, gent., bap. 
August 6, Susannah, d. of John Savage, gent., bap. 
August 21, Susannah, d. of John Savage, bur. 
September 13, Abington, d. of W. Savage, bur. 
November 1, Charles, s. of John Savage, gent., bur. 
January 1, Mary, wife of William Savage, gent, bur 

1667 December 15, Thomas, s. of Thomas Savage, bap. 


1668 April 16, Thoinai Savage bur. 

May 1, Jane, d. of Mr. John Savage, bap. 

1669 November 19, Ann, d. of Mr. John Savage, bap. 

1671 March 8, Mr. Franda Savage, sen., bar. 

1672 December 8, Jane, d. of John Savage, gent, bap. 

1675 November 25, Elizabeth, d. of John Savage, bap. 

1676 April 25, Barbara, d. of Mr. William Savage, bap. 

1678 March 25, Barbara, d. of Mr. William Savage, bap. 
April 1, Margaret, d. of John Savage, bap. 

May 7, Katherine, d. of Mr. William Savage, bap. 

1679 December 10, Elizabeth Savage born 
1681 July 30, Thomas, son of John Savage, bap. 

October 3, William Savage, Esq., bur. 

1683 September 8, Mr. John Saval^e, bur. 

1684 January 17, Hannah, d. of John Savage, bap. 
May 6, Mary, d. of Mr. Francis Savage, bap. 
September 4, Mr. Anthony Savage, bur. 

January 1, Mr. William Savage and Mrs. Hues, mar. 

1686 September 7, Dorothy, d. of Mr. Francis Savage, bap. 

1687 February 15, Katherine, d. of Mr. Francis Savage, bap. 

1689 June 13, Ann, d. of Frauds Savage, Grent., bap. 
March 10, William Savage, Gent. bur. 

1690 November 21, Susanna, d. of Mr. Francis Savage, bap. 

1691 May 16. John Savage, bur. 

October 23, William, s. of Mr. Francis Savage, bap. 

1692 February 20, Charles, s. of Francis Savage, bap. 

1693 June 26, Sarah, d. of John Savage, bap. 

1694 May 7, Walter, s. of Francis Savage, bap. 

1696 October 20, Ann, d. of Mr. Francis Savage, bap. 

January 11, Daniel Johnstone and Jane Savage, mar. 
1698 April 9, Charles, s. of Francis Savage, bap. 

1702 October 16, Mary, d. of Francis Savage, juiir. bap. 
October 17, Mr. Francis Savage's wife bur. 

1703 March 24, Mary, d. of Widow Savage, bur. 

1706 June 13, Nathaniel Body and Katherine Savage, mar. 



1708 April 16, Elizabeth, d. of Fnmeis Savage, bap. 

July 1, Mr. John King and Mrs. Elizabeth Savage, mar. 

1709 October 5, John, s. of Thomaa Savage, bap. 
1711 February 24, Mary, d. of Thomas Savage, bap. 
1713 September 14, Eleanor, d. of Francis Savage 

October 6, Widow Savage, bur. 

1715 April 28, Francis, s. of Francis Savage, bap. 

1716 Januaiy 16, Thomas, s. of Thomas Savage, bap. 
1719 November 8, William, & of Thomas Savage, bap. 
1722 February 22, Charles, s. of Thomas Savage, bap. 
1724 January 19, Mr. Dorothy Savage, bur. 

July 16, Charles, s. of Thomas Savage, bom. 
1728 February 26, Thomas, s. of Thomas Savage, bur. 
1730 March 1, Michael Madbing and Mary Savage, mar. 
1735 August 16, Thomas, s. of John Savage, bap. 

November 5, Thomas, s. of John Savage, bur. 
1 738 March 29, Jane, wife of John Savage, bur. 
1740 April 19, Mr. Francis Savage, bur. 

1744 March 24, Elizabeth, d. of John Savage, bap. 

1745 December 26, Elizabeth, wife of Charles Savage, bur. 

1749 March 18, Sarah, d. of John Savage, bap. 

1750 April 16, Mr. Charles Savage, bur. 

1751 January 13, Mrs. Mary Savage, bur. 

1753 March 17, Abigail, Relict of Mr. Fn Savage, bur. 
1759 August 27, Thomas Oatridge and Ann Savage, mar. 

1762 January 7, John Boulton and Alice Savage, mar. 

1763 May 8, Thomas, s. of William Savage, bap. 
August 10, Mrs. Eleanor Savage, bur. 

1764 January 20, John Savage and Jane Parker, mar. 

1765 January 21, Mary, d. of John Savage, bap. 

1766 September 28, William, s. of John Savage, bap. 

1767 April 30, Elizabeth, wife of John Savage, bur. 
May 31, John, s. of James Savage, bap. 

July 23, Sarah, wife of Mr. William Savage, bur. 
1769 October 20, Francis Savage, bur. 


1 770 April 5, Theodore, s. of James Savage, bur. ' 
August 28, John, s. of James Savage, bap. 

1771 April 28, Elizabeth, d. of John Savage, junr., bap. 
August 24, Edward Hill and Elizabeth Savage, mar. 

1772 December 22, Mr. John Savage, bur. 

1775 October 19, Mr. William Savage, bur., aged 84. 

1777 Nov. 18, Mrs. Elizabeth Savage, bur., aged 69. 

1 779 Julj 26, Thomas Savage and Sarah Hill mar. 

1787 August 6, John Savage, junr., bur. 

1790 February 24, Francis, s. of Rev. John Savage and 

Charlotte his wife, bap. 
1797 September 29, James Savage, bur. 
1803 March 26, Rev. John Savage, Rector of Beverstone, bur. 
1815 November 2nd, Mrs. Jane S&vage, widow, aged 88, bur. 
1827 March 20, Jane Savage, bur. 
1836 January 26, John Claxton Savage, aged 23, bur. 
1842 February 12, Maria Savage, bur. 

1845 July 1, John Savage, aged 65, bur. 

1846 September 18, Charlotte Savage, aged 92, bur. 

1847 August 31, Charlotte Savage, aged 71, bur. 
1852 October 7, Sarah Savage, aged 87, bur. 

Thb Gastbell Family. 

1634 November 20, Rebekah, d. of Mr. John Gastrell, bap, 
1650 November 18, Jane, d. of Mr. Samuel Gastrell, bap. 

1652 April 10, John, s. of Samuel Gastrell, gent., bap. 

1653 June 18, Samuel, s. of Samuel Gastrell, bap. 
1655 March 23, Fabian, s. of Samuel Gastrell, bom. 

1658 September 3, Henry, s. of Samuel Gastrell, born. 

1659 October 19, James, s. of Samuel Gastrell, born. 

1660 November 28, Mary, d. of Samuel Gastrell, bap. 

1663 May 5, Gilbert, s. of Samuel Gastrell, bap. 

1664 June 16, Thomas, s. of Samuel Gastrell, bap. 

1665 February 2, Nicholas, s. of Samuel Gastrell, bap. 
January 28, Edward, s. of Samuel Gastrell, bap. 



1668 June 12, Charles, b. of Samuel Gastrell, bap. 

1673 June 12, Mr. William Window and Mrs. Jane Gastrell 

October 15, Elizabeth, d. of Mr. Samuel Gastrell, bap. 
Oct. 18, Mrs. Grastrell, wife of Mr. Samuel Gastrell, bur. 

1674 October 30, Mr. Samuel Gastrell bur. 
1676 Jul J SO, Charles Gastrell bur. 

1678 Feb. 16, John, s. of Mr. John Gastrell, bap. 
1680 March 4, Richard, s. of Mr. John Gastrell, bap. 

1687 May 15, Marj, d. of Mr. Gilbert Gastrell, bap. 

1688 November 12, James, s. of Gilbert Grastrell, bap. 
March 21, Joanna, d. of Nicholas Grastrell, bap. 

1693 November 1 3, Samuel, s. of Edward Gastrell, bap. 
1695 July 20, Ann, d. of Mr. Gilbert Gastrell, bap. 
1701 May 29, Jane, d. of Gilbert Gastrell, bap. 
1732 December 8, Gilbert Grastrell, gent., bur. 
1738 October 5, Ann, d. of James Gastrell, bap. 

1747 July 21, Gilbert, s. of James Gastrell, bur. 

1748 January 14, James Gastrell, set 61, bur. 
1789 September 7, Mary Gastrell, bur. 

1801 November 14, Miss Ann Grastrell bur. 

Thb Talbots Family. 

1631 October 4, Mr. Bichard Talboys wife bur. 

1634 September 4, Benjamin, s. of Richard Talboys, bap. 

1635 December 26, Samuel, s. of Richard Talboys, bap. 

1637 May 7, Andrew, s. of Richard Talboys, bap. 

1638 July 5, Elizabeth, d. of Richard Talboys, bap. 
March 14, Elizabeth Talboys bur. 

1639 September 5, Rebecca, d. of Richard Talboys, bap. 
1650 Jan. 25, Elizabeth, wife of Richard Talboys, gent., bur. 

1656 May 30, William, s. of Richard Talboys, bom. 

1657 September 22, Francis, s. of Mr. Richard Talboys, born. 
1659 December 20, Mary, d. of Richard Talboys, Esq., bap. 
1662 April 22, Samuel, s. of Richard Talboys, Esq., bap. 


1663 April 20, Mary, d. of Richard Talbojs, bap. 
June 9, Samuel, s. of Richard Talbojs, bur. 
August 10, Richard Talboys, Esq., bur. 
December 31, Alice, d. of Benjamin Talbojs, bap. 

1664 Apiil 26, Giles Stedman and Katherine Talboys mar. 
Feb. 23, Katherine, d. of Giles Stedman, bap. 

1665 August 25, Elizabeth, d. of Andrew Talboys, bap. 

1666 September 10, Benjamin, s. of Benjamin Talboys de 

Dufton, bap. 

1667 September 14, Frances, d. of Mr. Andrew Talboys, bap. 

1668 February 8, Thomas, s. of Mr. Richard Talboys, bur. 
1670 June 23, Anthony, s. of Mr. Benjamin Talboys, bap. 

1672 April 11, Richard, s. of Mr. Richard Talboys, bap. 
June 29, Richard, s. of Mr. Andrew Talboys, bap. 

1673 April 3, Benjamin, s. of Mr. Richard Talboys, bap. 
June 12, Sylvester, s. of Mr. Benjamin Talboys, bap. 

1675 December 2, Alice, wife of Mr. Benjamin Talboys, of 
Jan 13, Mr. Charles Smith and Mrs. Frances Talboys mar. 

1679 September 20, Sibella Talboys bur. 

1680 June 17, Ann, d. of Mr. Richard Talboys, bap. 
February 19, Mr. Andrew Talboys bur. 

1688 May 8, Mr. Benjamin Talboys, bur. 

1695 April 11, Richard, s. of Benjamin Talboys, bap. 

1696 December 3, Richard, son of Mr. Richard Talboys, bap. 

1697 May 3, Benjamin, s. of Mr. Talboys, bur. 

1699 Sept. 28, Nancy, daughter of Mr. Richard Talboys, bap. 
1706 July 29, James Morton and Ann Talboys, mar. 
1710 March 5, Mr. W. Talboys, bur. 

1712 November 23, Benjamin Talboys and Mary Powell mar. 

1713 September 15, Richard, s. of Benjamin Talboys, bap. 
March 10, Mr. Richard Talboys wife, of Dufton, bur. 

1715 April 12, Alice, d. of Benjamin Talboys, bap, 
1717 November 3, Ann, d. of Benjamin Talboys, bap. 
1721 July 29, Mr. Benjamin Talboys, bur. 


December 15, Mrs. Hester Talbojs, widow, bur. 

1722 August 18, Richard, s. of Benjamin Talbojs, bap. 

1723 April 14, Mary, wife of Benjamin Talboys, bar. 

1724 January 14, Mrs. Frances Talbojs, bur. 

1725 June 27, Toby Mill and Frances Talboys, mar. 

1726 February 28, Mr. Richard Talboys, bur. 

1727 May 18, Joseph Blake and Elizabeth Talboys, mar. 
1729 August 26, Mrs. Alice Talboys, bur. 

1732 June 13, Mary, wife of Benjamin Talboys, bur. 
1737 July 14, Thomas, s. of Thomas Talboys, bap. 

September 6, Thomas, s. of Thomas Talboys, bur. 
1741 January 12, Sarah, wife of Thomas Talboys, bur. 
1747 January 7, Benjamin Talboys, bur. 
1749 February 6, Richard, s. of Benjamin Talboys, bur. 
1767 April 1, Mr. Richard Talboys, bur. 
1801 August 29, Elizabeth Corbett, d. of Thomas and Elizabeth 

Talboys, bap. 
1 803 January 27, Mary Taylor, d. of Thomas and Elizabeth 

Talboys, bap. 
1814 August 2, Henrietta Jane, d. of Thomas and Elizabeth 

Talboys, bap. 

Extracts fbom the Registers of Shifton Motns, rela- 

1573 June 4, Edmund, s. of Thomas and Mary Estcourt, bap. 
1579 January 16, John, s. of Thomas Estcourt, bap. 

1586 May 2, Anne, d. of Thomas Estcourt, Esq. bap. 

1587 October 23, John, s. of Thomas Estcourt, Esq., bap. 
1592 May 12, Mary, d. of Thomas Estcourt, bap. 

1641 February 2, Thomas, s. of Mr. Thomas Estcourt, bap. 
1643 May 30, Anne, d. of Thomas Estcourt, Esq. bap.^ 

' There are no entries of Baptisms relating to the Estcourt 
family in the Parish Registers of Shipton Moyne, after the year 


^A^ fe %f^ ^A 

^ 3^>vY^ f^hrviy^^Uj- 


FROM DEEDS -1632. 


1573 January 30, John Estcourt, bur. 

1574 February 1 1, Walter * Edward Estcourt, bur. 
February 19. Margaret > Estcourt, bur. 

1575 January 23, Ursula > Estcourt, d. of — Estcourt, bur. 
February 10, Mary, d. of Mary and Thomas Estcourt, bur. 

1593 September 7, Mary, d. of Thomas Estcourt, bur. 
1599 December 4, Thomas Estcourt, Esq., bur. 
1681 November 15, Thomas Estcourt, Esq., bur. 
1693 December 7, Mrs. Elizabeth Estcourt, widow, bur. 

1758 September 21, Edmund Estcourt, Esq., bur. 

1759 December 5, Lydia, d. of Matthew Estcourt, Esq., bur. 

1760 March 6, Catherine, d. of Matthew Estcourt, Esq., bur. 

176 1 February 21, Elizabeth, d. of Matthew Estcourt, Esq., bur. 
1777 June 7, Mrs. Lydia Estcourt of Cam, bur. 

1781 November 23, Mr. Matthew Estcourt of Cam, bur. 

1785 September, Esther Estcourt, bur. 

1802 The Rev. Edward Estcourt, L.L.D.; Rector of Newnton, 
Wilts, and of Oldbury and Didmarton, Gloucester- 
shire, died 17th of September, and was interred on 
the South side of the Chancel, in the burying ground 
belonging to the Estcourt fiunily, on the 20th day of 
March, following, aged 51. 

1814 November 24, Edmund Estcourt, Esq. of Lasborough, 
Gloucestershire, bur. 

1814 March 1 1, The Honble. Jane Estcourt, the Priory, Long 
Newnton, Wilts, bur., aged 87. 

1829 July 3, Eleanor Bucknall Estcourt, New Park, Wilts, 
and Estcourt, Gloucestershire, aged 49 

1853 August 2, Thomas Grimston Bucknall Estcourt, aged 77. 

9 These Christian names are doubtful, being almost illegible 
in the Register. 


From Monumemts in Shiptok Motnx Church. 

1726 October 23, Walter Estcourt, d. aged 82. 

1746 October 6, Thomas Estooort, d., aged 49. 

1818 December 2, Thomas Esteourt, d., aged 70. 

1829 February 3, Honble. Jane Esteourt, widow of Thomas 

Esteourt, d., aged 80. 
1846 September 16, Walter Grimstone Bucknall Esteourt, 

fourth son of T. O B. Esteourt, d., aged 38. 

Extracts from Long Newnton Parish Registers 


1669 December 29, Sir Thomas Esteourt and Mrs. Annie 

Kobham mar. 
1673 January 22, Alexander Hatton, Gent, and Mrs. Amy 

Esteourt, mar. 
1648 March 8, Amy, d. of Sir Giles Esteourt, bap. 
1663 April 6, Giles, s. of Sir Giles Esteourt, Bart, bom. 

1654 May 15, William, s. of Sir Orfed Esteourt, bom. 

1 655 July 2, Grace, d. of Sir Giles Esteourt, bora. 
July 2, Annie, d. of Sir Giles Esteourt, bom. 

1655 July 6, Lady Annie Esteourt, wife of Sir Giles Esteourt, 

1655 October 6, Grace, d. of Sir Giles Esteourt, bur. 
1668 November 18, Sir Giles Esteourt, bur. 
1673 July 15, Richard Esteourt, Esq., bur. 
1684 Sir William Esteourt, Bart, murdered in London. 
1689 Henry Esteourt, Gent, bur. 
1697 Margaret, wife of Giles Esteourt, Gent, bur. 


The following Pedigree shews the Descent (through 
THE Female Line) of the Cotes of Woodcote, Salop, 


William de Braoie, Lord of Breck-»Maad, d. of Richard Earl of Clare 
nock, famiflhed in Windsor Castle I 

Peter, second son, died in the Holyss 
Land, 25 Hen. III. (1241) < 

Sir Peter de Braose of Gloacester,BB 
temp. Edw. I. and £dw. IL I 

Alice de Braose ^Ralph do St. Owen 

I Arms, Qules, 3 chcv. or 

John de S. Owen of Qerurston and=Joane d. and heiress of Sir Hugh 


T^rell, Lord of Bromscroft and 
lu)rman's Croft, Co. Stafford 
Arms, az. a lion rampant, argt. within 
a bordure indented, or 

John de S. Owen, Lord of Burton,= Elisabeth d. of . . Barkley 
Co. Hereford I 

Joane, d. and at length heiress, obt=Boffer Downton of Downton, Co. 

Hereford. Arms, 3 Piles in chief 
meeting in base, sable 

4 Hen. IV. 

Thomas Downton = Margaret d. of Richd. Lingaine of 

I Lingaine, 2nd wife 

Elizabeth, 3rd d. and co-heir = John Cotes of Cotes, Co. Stafford, 

High Sheriff of Stafford, 35 Hen. 
VL Arms, 1st and 4th ermine, 
and and 3rd 

Hnrophrejr Cotes, of Cotes, slain at= Elinor d. of Sir Hamphrejr Blonnt 
Bosworth Field I 

John Cotes, of Cotes and Woodcote,= Ellen d. of Richd. Littleton of 

Co. S alop , served in France, temp. 
Hen. VIIL 

PillatOD, Co. Stafford, 2nd wife 

John Cotes, of Cotes and Woodcote s= Jane d. of John Bradock of Adber- 

I stone, Co. Stafford 

John Cotes, of Woodcote sMary d. of Sir Anthonj Coleloogh 

John Cotes of Woodcote, High sKair d. of Walter Bagot, Esq. of 
Sheriff, Co. Salop. 1614 J Blithfleld 


John Cote8= Dorcas d. of Sir George Clarke, 
Bart, of Watford, Co. North- 

Charles Cote8=Lettice d. of KUdare, Snd Lord 

John Coles of Woodcote, mar. 1700, sDorothjr d. of Bobt Earl Ferrers, 
obiit 1756. I obit 1721 

Shirley Cotes bEUs. d. of FranciB Chambre of 
I PMton, Ca Salop 

Lucy d. of Lord Yisct. John Cotes of Woedcote, ILP. for 
roar. 19 Oct, 1777 I Co. Salop 

John Cotes, BC.P. for Salop =8 May, 1794, Maria d. of George 

Harry, 5th E. of Stamford and 

John Cotes of»Lottsia Harriett, Rev. Chas. Cotes, =Francis,d. of Sir 

Woodcote, High 
Sheriff Ca Sa- 
lop, 1826, M.P. 
Co. Salop, 1834. 

8rd d. and co- Rector of Stan- I Geo. Pigot, Bt, 
heir of Charles, ton St Qninton, J of Patshall, Co. 
lastEariofLiy- Wilts | Stafibrd 

erpooL Arms, | 

as. a fess wary, Issne. 

Ajst charged 
with a cross pa- 
tee gnles, in 
chief two estoi- 

Victoria, for whom Her Majesty stood Sponsor. 



Notes on the Geology of Tetbury.* 

The town of Tetbury stands on a sKght 
eminence, which may geographicaUy be described 
as a knoll of the Cotteswold range of hills. The 
approaches to it (especially the one £rom Ciren- 
cester,) are, first, by a descent from the surround- 
ing hill, and then crossing a slight valley, we 
make an ascent up a steep road, through the 
streets, which all incline with a greater or less 
angle of dip towards the valley. 

The land around the town is very fertile, 
especially for the Cotteswolds, most of it being 
in meadow. The vale is watered by a small 
rivulet ; and the neighbouring hills all around 
yield stone of various qualities ; the freestone, 
of which the town is built, being of the age and 
character of the Bath building stone, whilst 
some of the upper beds of the district afford a 

> I am indebted for the following notee on the geology of 
Tetbniy toProfeeeor Buckman, F.6.S^ FX.S., Ac, of the Royal 
Agricultoral College, Cireneester. 


fissile limestone, much used for roofing purposes ; 
whilst lime, both for building and agriculture, 
may be procured in abundance and of good 

That in this district the hills do not lose their 
character of the "stony Cotteswolds/' may at 
once be observed, from the prevalence of waUs in 
field partings ; and those who are accustomed 
to observe the quality of stone, will soon be 
aware that various layers of stone are employed 
for this purpose, as at one place a road'-side wall 
wiU be made of flat slabs of a reddish brown 
silicious limestone ; further on, it will be com- 
posed of limipy squared blocks of true freestone; 
while still further, the hard and flat sharp-^ged 
slabs will betoken an entirely different layer ; so 
that, indeed, according to the amount of elevation 
in the district. 80 the abundant qiiames wiU yield 
stone of diverse character, and fit for different 

However, all the beds which will come under 
review for our present purpose, belong to what 
geologists term the Oolite^ Rocks, and all have 
reference to that part of the series called Great 
Oolite, which extends in a scarcely broken line 
from the neighbourhood of Stroud to Bath, being at 

3 From woVf egg, and XiOoc, stone, as the sabstance of 
many of the beds is made up of small granules simulating 
the roe or eggs of fishes. 


Stroud underlaid by the inferior, or Lower OoKte ; 
hence, then, the former is the prevailing rock of 
the South Cotteswolds firom Bath, through Tet- 
bury to the heights around Stroud, whilst the 
North Cotteswolds are more occupied by the lower 

Here, then, our description of rocks will have 
reference to the following : 

3. Forest Marble, consisting of layers of more 
or less sandy and fissile oolite, intersected 
by thick bands of a blue tenacious clay. 

2. GreaJt Oolite. The white freestone and lime- 
stone, in thick blocks, fissile at the base. 

1. FvUen^s Earth. A blue unctuous clay, which 
separate the great from the inferior oolite 

1. The FuQer^s Earth is a deposit of a blueish 
clay and marl, which separates the two oolites ; 
and, as it is an impervious bed underlying the 
porous stones of the Great Oolite, it is the 
source whence arise the springs of the valleys 
in the Tetbury district, and so gives rise to 
the Avon, which runs thence through Malmes- 
bury and Chippenham to Bath and Bristol It 
may be seen weU exposed at its outcrop towards 
the Cotteswold scarps, such as at Kushmire Gate, 
and is also arrived at in well sinking. The 
geologist, however, will find the best exhibition 
of this stratum on the top of the Sapperton 
Tunnel, on the Great Western Railway, as here 


it was removed in making the tunnel, which for 
a great distance runs through it. At this place 
and at Rushmire, we have collected the following 
fossils^ which are, for the most part, in great 

Ostrea acuminata^ Avicvla echinata, Pholadomya 
truncata (Buckman,) Pecten vaganSy Terebratula 
globata, RhynconeUa media. 

The fossils are usually well preserved, but of 
a dark blue colour, from contact with the clay, 
which is of a like tint, from the quantity of 
protoxide of iron which it contains. 

2. Great Oolite is a thick stratum, attaining 
at Tetbury as much as 100 feet. It may be 
divided into three stages for the district under 

3. Beds of white freestone, with oblique ^ 

cleavage, about - - - - 20 
2. Blocks of building and limestone - 60 
1. Beds of a sandy ooUte, breaking up 
into thin blocks with squared edges, 
the Stonesfield Slate of the North 
Cotteswolds, about - - - - 20 
1. This lower bed has much of the texture 
of the true Stonesfield Slate of Oxford and parts 
of the Cotteswolds ; at the same time, it is not so 
fissile, so that tiles are not here made of it, though 
it affords good flat and square slabs for walling. 
U «. indeel of the same l^-. but being remo^S 
fix>m those tidal influences which, in the Stonesfield 


Slate, has resulted in a mixture of such terrestrial 
remains as plants and insects, with marine shells 
of several species, this lower bed in the Tetbury 
district bears evidence of having been further in 
the middle of the oolite sea, as it contains bits 
of broken stems, and portions of vegetable matter, 
drifted further from the main deposit, intermixed 
however, with many of the same marine shells 
as we find at Stonesfield, near Oxford. The shells, 
which mark this bed in the neighbourhood of 
Tetbury, are as follow : 

Ostrea acuminata, Pecten vagans^ Trigonia 
(two species,) Lima cardiiforme^ Lim^i duplicata, 
Cardium gibberulum, Nucida micronata, Acteon, 
Mdania, Delphinula, and other univalves. 

2 and 3. The two upper beds are soft and 
porous, easily chiselled into architectural forms, 
and when* carefully quarried is one of the best 
and most durable building stones in the kingdom. 
The lower bed of the two is the one which yields 
the magnificent blocks of freestone, which are 
transported from Box all over England. The 
obliquely laminated slabs are much used for 
paving and the like purposes. 

The fossils of these beds are very numerous. 
My friend Mr. John Lycett, of Minchinhampton, 
in his beautiftd Monograph^ of the Fossils of the 

> This work, which forma part of the magnificent series 
of the Palaeontological Society, should be in the hands of all 
stadents of oolite geology. 


Great Oolite, has figured and described several 
hundreds of these. The following are amongst 
those which we have collected in the neighbour- 
hood of Tetbury : 

Terebrattda maxillaia, (fine specimens, occur in 
a slight band of marl which separates the beds 
2 and 3,) Bhyncondla media^ Pecten vagans^ 
Pecten lameUosits, Lima cardiiforme, Cardium 
Buckmanni (Lycett,) Cypricardia rostratOy Iso- 
cardia tenera, Pachyrisma grande, in the hard 
white limestone. Trigonia costaJta var. ptiUus. 
Lima duplicata. Purpuroidea nodvlata: This 
univalve, which has been found in such perfec- 
tion at Minchinhampton, occurs both in the neigh- 
bourhood of Cirencester and Tetbury, in the hard 
band of limestone, but only in the shape of casts. 
Naiica, Nerincmy Alaria^ in the shape of caste 
and portions of other univalves. Palates of 
Psammodus, NucUolites Woodwardiy and other 
JEchinoderms in the same zone as the species named 
after the accomplished curator of the British 
Museum, occurs in the Cirencester district. 

3. The Forest Marble stone is so called firom 
Witchwood Forest, where it is extensively quar- 
ried, and the thicker slabs polished for rougher 
ornamental work. In the Tetbury district it 
is mostly quarried for walling and road metal 

The intersecting clay bands give rise to nume- 
rous small springs in a wet period, and forms 
what the farmer terms "sour land," where not 


efficiently drained A wide stretch of this may- 
be seen between Hodmarton and Tetbury. 

The fossils of this bed are very numerous, but 
they are generally in so broken a state as to ren- 
der identification very difficult. They are, however, 
mostly those of the Great Oolite, the following 
of which greatly prevail : 

Ostrea. Lima cardiiforme. Pecten vagans. 
Pecten lens. Pecten lamellosiLS. Modiola Lack- 
enhyi. Avicvla. Leda lachryma. Cylindrites, 
Stomatia, FissureUa : All new species of univalves 
may be found to distinguish this stratum. 

The Forest Marble slabs are of great in- 
tereet from the ripple marked and ridged surfax^es 
they so often present, giving us the evidence of 
" ribbed sea sand " in past ages, when the Cottes- 
wold formed the bed of the ocean. They are 
further mteresting from the tracks which their 
surfaces have handed down to us of Cmstaceans 
(crabs,) of the ancient sea ; tracks of Gasteropods, 
stomach-walkinfi: creatures, (imivalves,) and lines 
kft by the p4e«ion of l<^ tether with 
the holes where they have disappeared in the soft 
and yielding sea sand, having been, as now. daUy 
added to and moistened by the ever recurring 
tidal wave. 

The beds just described are evenly and regularly 

disposed ; that is, are conformable. One on the 

other, they are tolerably uniform in thickness, 

and are found in the following localisation about 


Tetbury : the tops of the hills are of Forest Marble. 
The hill on which the town of Tetbury stands 
is probably just capped with it. The slopes of 
the hills (that is, their scarps,) are of Great OclUe. 
And the watered valleys rest on the Fuller's Earth. 
This will be made more plain by the following 

1. FuUer's earth. fl. Great Oolite. 

8. Foraet ICarUe CUy. 

Water Bearing Strata : From the order of 
superposition of the strata^ it will be seen that 
the heights of Tetbury and those around it are, 
for the most part, composed of a porous rock, 
Great Oolite, resting upon a day or an impervious 
one, the Fuller's Earth; hence, then, the Great 
Oolite is a collecting bed, or a water filtering 
area, and the FuUer's Earth below a water bearing 
bed, so that, where the valley cuts the Fuller's 
Earth, springs break out on the one hand, whilst 
the elevation above this latter stratum must be 
got through in well sinking on the other. The 
wells, therefore, at a 6 c will vary according to 
the level, and we may state them hypothetically, 
for we could not measure them, as follows : 

's sw^ j ^ j -wT i T^ f^^^m^'^^^mmm^^^m'mmmmm^^^^mmmif^^^^^a^ 


1. At the highest part of the town, *"*• 

the Talbot, about - - - - 120 

2. The Town Well .... 90 

3. Welk on the slope - - - . 30 
Thus, then, in this point of view Tetbury offers 

a curious exception to anything like an important 
town being built so far above a water level, as 
the expense of deep wells is enormous, and the 
depth here has to be attained by working the 
whole distance in hard stone. The situation of 
towns is mostly influenced by a facility for getting 
water, either from rivers or shallow wells. Thus 
the neighbouring town of Cirencester has the 
River Chum, a tributary of the Thames, nmning 
through it, besides which it is in a valley of de- 
pression ; that is, the space on which it stands 
has bodily fallen in, just as though the hill on 
which Tetbury rests had suddenly dropped to a 
level with the valley aroimd it ; and, as the 
upper stratum is a thick bed of Forest Marble 
clay, covered up with gravel from the once broad 
and brawUng Chum, the gravel is the collecting 
area, whilst the clay is the water bearing one» 
so that the wells in Cirencester are only of from 
10 to 25 feet deep. 

This subject of wells, therefore, renders the 
geology of Tetbury of peculiar interest to those 
who study the physical aspect of a district as 
influenced by geological arrangement and phe- 
nomena ; and, as the country around Tetbury is 


much cracked (faulted,) in the language of the 
science, the student resident at Tetbury or its 
neighbourhood, may gather rich stores of know- 
ledge by investigating its strata^ and contemplating 
the changes that have gone on since its materials 
formed the bottom of the ocean. 



A Chronological Table or Events Connected with 

THE Town. 


680. At this period a Saxon Monastery existed here. {Vide 

Dugdale, toI. i., p. 811.) 

1140. A Cistercian Monastery founded here by Reginald de S. 

1160. A Chorch built here by Bernard de S. Walerick. 

1170. The Cistercian Monastery removed to Kingswood ; 
leaving a Grange at Tetbury. 

1400. At this period the tower of the present Parish Church 
was built, 

1467. A Deed of Arbitration executed between the Abbot 
and Monks of the Abbey of Eynsham, Oxfordshire, 
anil the Parishioners of Tetbury, by Dr. John Car- 
penter, Bishop of Worcester, who had been chosen 
Arbitrer by both parties. 

1547. Advowson of Tetbury granted by Henry VIII. to 
Christ Church, Oxford. 

1586. An inquisition held at Tetbury, under the statute oi 
charitable uses. 

1589. The Churchwardens' accounts commence from this date. 

1631. March 25. The Register of Baptisms, Marriages, and 
Burials commenced from this date. 

1632. The Manor and Advowson sold, by George Lord Ber- 

keley, to the town. 
1640. The tolls of fairs and markets purchased by the town. 


1643. Aug. 8. King Charles I. vbited this town. 

1663. Ang. 3. Richard Talboys, Esq., one of the original 

Feoffees, died, aged 87. 

1664. Charles II. passed through this town. 

1687. Sept. 6. James II. passed through on his way to Bath. 

1722. Seven new bells placed in the Church tower; Giles 
Bodj and Matthew Wilkins being Churchwardens. 

1730. May 13. Peter, Lord King, being then Lord Chan- 
cellor, ordered that fifteen boys only should be educated 
at Mrs. Hodges' charity. 

1749. Sept. 29. New pump under the Market house, opened ; 
erected at the expense of Rev. John Wight 

1 749. This year a set of chimes was given to the Church by 
Rev. John Wight. 

1762. Upton house built. 

1766. Sept Riots all over England. At Tetbury the rioters 
took the cheese and bacon from the provision houses, 
and sold the cheese at 3d, the bacon at 4d per lb. 

1766-67. The Priory buOt 

1771. July 11. At Tetbury races this day, H.R.H. Frederick, 
Duke of Cumberland, won the plate. 

1777. Jan. 19. New Parish Church began to be built. 

1777. May 17. The wife of a tradesman murdered her son. 

1777. Nov. 24. The Rev. John Wight, for 36 years Vicar 
of this parish, and a great benefactor to it, died, aged 70. 

1781. Oct 7th. The new Parish Church first opened. The 
Rev. T. C. Wickes, D.D., the Vicar, preached. 

1783. New part of the Churchyard, near the Bartons, con- 
sisting of twenty-two perches, consecrated by Saml. 
Hallifiuc, D.D., Lord Bishop of Gloucester. 

1789. July 24. Tetbury races. Duke and Duchess of Beau- 
fort, Lord and Lady Clifford, Sir Geo. O. Paul, Bart, 
&c., &c., present. 

1789. Feb. 3. Tetbury Church struck by lightning, and 
severely damaged. 

' 263 

1793. Jan. 6. Meeting held in the Town Hall against Re- 
publicans and Levellers; Robert Clark, Esq., in the 

1796-98. High Grove built. 

1803. Aug. 16. Enrolment of the Tetbury Volunteers. H. 
H. Sloper, Esq., Captain ; R. C. Paul, John Wood, 
Esqrs., Lieutenants; H. J. Biederroan, Ensign. 

1803. The eighth bell placed in the tower. J. Rich and R. 
M. Warman, Churchwardens. 

1805. March 26. Colours presented at E[ingscote, by the 
Countess of Berkeley, to the Tetbury and Horseley 
Volunteers; Lieut.-Colonel Saunders commanding. 

1813. Oct. 28. Meeting held at the Town Hall, at which 
it was agreed to apply to Parliament for an act to 
enable the Feoffees to enclose the Common. 

1816. Town Hall and Market House rebuilt. 

1817. Town paved, under the authority of an Act of Par- 


1817. Sept 8. Tetbury Savings' Bank established at a meet- 
ing held in the Town Hall ; the Duke of Beaufort in the 

1818. Sept. 28. The Tetbury Dispensary established at a 
meeting held in the Town Hall; Thomas Estcourt, 
Esq., in the chair. 

1818. Manor of Doughton sold by Thomas Talboys, Esq., 

to J. P. Paul, Esq. 
1831. The Tetbury troop of yeomanry cavalry raised by 

T. G. B. Estcourt, Esq. 
1836. The town first lit by gas. 

1836. Boys' and girls' school built; the foundation stone being 
laid by Miss Eleanor Wood, aflerwards Mrs. Brookes. 

1837. Oct. 28. The tithes of this parish commuted by 

agreement under 6 and 7 William IV., c. 71. 
1839. Advowson of living sold to John Stanton, Esq., under 
authority of an Act of Parliament. 


1844. The Manors of Upton and Charlton aold by Lord Dacie 

to R. S. Holford, Esq. 
1846. March 31. The foundation stone of S. Saviour's 

Chapel of £ase laid by Miss Frampton. 
1848. Aug. 23. S. Saviour's consecrated by J. H. Monk, 

D.D., late Lord Bishop of Gloucester and Bristol. 
1850. Bojs' and girls' School much enlarged. In&nt School 


1855. Feb. 16. Tetbury Institute established at a meeting 
held in the old reading-room in the Chipping; Josiah 
T. Paul, Esq., in the chair. 

1856. May 2. Peace with Russia proclaimed from the Town 

Hall, by J. T. Paul, Esq., Town Clerk. 

Charter of King Ethdred to Malmetibury Albey, 

Charted ad cenobium Malmesburiense spectantes. Quo modo 
idem Bex dedit eidem EcclesiaB quindeceim cassates juzta 

Li Nomini Domini nostri Jesu Christi saluatoris. Nihil 
intuHmus ut apostolicum testatur oraculum, in hunc mundum 
verum nee auferri quid possumus. Iccirco terrenis ae 
caduds etema et mansura mercanda sunt Qua propter ego 
^thelredus Bex Merciorum rogatus, a patritlo meo et pro- 
pinque meo cenfrito pro remedio anime mee, ac pro oratione 
fratrum in Meldunesburg Deo servientium xv. caascttoa prope 
Tettctn moncuierium Aldhelmo Abbati libenter largitus sum. 
Si quis yero hunc donacionem augere et amplificare voluerit, 
augeat Deus partem ejus in libro vite, quod si quis tyrannic^ 
potestate fretus demere vel auferre satagerit, sciat te coram 
Christo noyemque Angelorum ordinibus in tremendo examine 


radonem redditamm. Scripts est autem hec Cjrographi 
cartula anno ab incarnacione Domini dclxzx. Indictione ix. 

+ Ego Theodorus gracia Dei Archiepiscopus confirmari.^ 

+ Ego Saxulphus epiacopus similiter.' 

+ Ego Bosel episcopus subscripsi.' 

+ Signum manus iEthelredi regis Merciorum.* 

+ Signum Cenfrithi Comitis. 


Charter o/Beginald de S. Walerick to Eyneaham Abbey. 

Reoinaldus db Sancto Walbbico, salutem, &c. Sciant 
quod ego dedi monasterio de Ejneshani ecclesiam de Tette- 
buria, pro salute Henrici regis, et A. reginae Anglise, et 
liberorum suorum, et pro salute me&, et Bernard! filij mei, 
et pro animabus patris et matris mesB et antecessorum et 
benefiuitorum meorum. Concedo etiam prsedictaa ecclesiaa 
terram de Finestoches sicut Radulphus Basset eum dedit, et 
Godrefridus, Abbas de Eynesham et conventus dederunt mihi 
X marcas argenti, et Bernardo filio meo ij marcas, teste 
Roberto capellano, Waltero de Bleia, Radulpbo Hareng. 

1 657. After that another Archbishop came to Canterbniy, who was 
called Thsooorus, a very wise and good man; and he held his Synod 
with his clergy. Then was Winfred, Bishop of the Mercians, deposed 
from his Bishopric; and Abbot Saxolf (Saxulphus) was then chosen 
to be Bishop, and Cnthbald, a Monk of the same Monastery, was chosen 
Abbot This Synod was held 673 years after the birth of Christ. 
'^Am^Sastm CkromcU. 

Archbishop Theodore died 690. He was Archbishop 22 years, and 
was buried at Canterbary; and Boorhtwald succeeded him in the 
Bishopric. Before this the Bishops had been Romans; but from this 
time they were English.— /6uil 

s Saxulphus was Bishop of Lichfield from 676 to 691, and previously 
Abbot of Medeshamsteden now Peterborough. 

* For an account of Bishop Bosel, see page 6 

4 704. .£thelred son of Fenda, King of the Mercians, became a monk. 
He had been king 24 years. Coenred succeeded him. 


Rbqinald de S. Walbbick greeting. Know ye that I have 
given to the Monastery of Eynesham, the Church of Tetbury, 
for the safety (of the sool) of Henry the E^ng, and Anne, 
Queen of England, and their children ; and for the safety of 
my own soul, and of Bernard my son, and for the souls of my 
fitther and mother and ancestors, and of my bene&ctors. I 
grant, also, to the aforesaid Church, the land of Finestoches, 
as Randulp Bassett has given it; and Godfrey, Abbot of 
Eynesham, and the Convent, have given to me ten marks of 
silver, and to Bernard, my son, two marks. Witness : Robert 
the Chaplain, Walter of Bleia, and Radulp Hareng. 


Grant of Bernard de S. WaUrick to Roger de Berkeley. 

Bernardus de Sakcto Walebico, omnibus hominibus et 
amicis suis, Francias et Anglias sal u tern. Sciant prsesentes 
et futuri quod ego Bernardus concessi Rogeri de Berkeley, 
et hseredibus suis auxiliem et consilium meum in curi4 domini 
mei regis Anglias salva fide meH et quitantiam in portu Sancd 
Walerici sibi et haeredibus suis, et omnibus hominibus mensas 
suse et ipse dedit et concessit mihi, annuenle R. filio suo 
xl acras terne apud Mireforde, ad removendam abbatbiam 
meam de Tettebiria. 

Testes, &c. 

Bbbnabd de S. Walerick to all men, and to his friends 
in France and England, greeting. Know ye, that are here 
present, or shall be hereafter, that I Bernard, have granted to 
Roger de Bercheley and his heirs, my assistance and advice in 
the council of my Lord the King of England ; save my alle- 
giance and quitance in the port of S. Walerick, to him and 
his heirs, and to all men at his table ; and he himself has given 
and granted to me R.. his son, assenting, 40 acras of land at 
Mireforde, to remove thither my Abbey of Tetbury. Witnesses, 


Charter of Thomas de S. Walerick to Eynetiham Abbey. 

Carta Thomas de S. Walerico monachis de Egnesham, super 
eccl'iam de Tettebur» quam R. de S. Walerico, avis suus, 
dederat eis: 

THOifAS DE S. Walerico, omnibas hominibus suis Francis 
et Anglis salutem. Sciant praesentes et futuri quod ego 
concessi et prsesenti charta confirmavi Deo et ecclesiaa S. 
Mariffi de Egnesbam, et monacbis ibidem Deo servientibus in 
puram et perpetuam elemosinam et pro salute animas meae et 
patris mei et matris meae, et omnium antecessorum meorum, 
et baeredum meorum ecclesiam de Tettebiri, cum omnibus 
pertinentiis suis et libertatibus, sicut eam habent ex dono R. 
de S. Walerico avi mei. ♦••♦•♦•♦♦♦• 
Hujus autem concessionis et confirmationis meae prassenti 
scripto et sigillo meo apposito roboratae, testes sunt Clemens 
prior Osen. Magister Walterus sub prior S. Frideswydae, 
Magister Alardus de S. Mildrida. Rad. Hareng, Rad. de 
Norton, Rob. de Estrop, Rog. de Nova Foresta.^ 

Charter of Thomas de S. Walerick to the Monks of Eynes- 
ham, concerning the Church of Tettebiri, which Reginald de 
S. Walerick, his grandfather, hath given to them : 

Thomas de S. Waxebick to all his men in France and 
England, greeting. Enow je that are here present or shall 
be hereafter, that I have granted, and by the present charter 
have confirmed to God and to the Church of Saint Mary of 
Eynesham, and to the Monks there the servants of €rod, in 
pure and perpetual alms, and for the safety of my soul, and 
my fi&ther and my mother, and of all my ancestors and my 
heirs, the Church of Tettebiri, with all things pertaining to 
it and the liberties, as they have it from the gift of R. de 

4 Dagdale's Montut^ vol. iil., p. 19. 


S. Walerick, my grandfather • * • This grant and 
confirmation is my present writings and confirmed by my seal 
placed opposite. Clemens, Prior Osen, Master Walter sub- 
Prior, &c., are witnesses. 


Carta B. de Berkeley. 

[Ex Begistro Abb. de Kingeswode penes Johannem Smith 
di Nibley, in Com. Glouc. an. 1651.] 

B. DE Berkelst omnibus fidelibus qui litteras istas in- 
spexerint salutem. Notum sit vobis quod Willielmus de 
Berckley dedit abbatisB de Tyntema pro salute anims Henrici 
regis Angliae et suae, totum Kingeswode cum omnibus perti- 
nentus suis ad constniendan ibi abbatiam de ordine Cbterciensi 
et pater mens illud gratum habuit et ratum tenuit. £t post 
quam abbatia de Kingeswode translata erat ad Tettebinam, 
consensu patris mei B. de Berkeley ipse pater meus, conseusu 
et Toluntate me^ dedit et concessit Bernardo de Sancto 
Walerico, quadriginta acras apud Mureford ad removendam 
illud abbatiam suam quae fuit prius apud Tettebinam.' Hiis 
testibus, &c 


Orant of William de Breuse to the Dree Burgesses of Tetbury of 
common pasture tn the North Hayes. 1 9 Ed. I., ( 1 291 .) 

To all true Chrysten people to whom this psent writtinge 
shall come to be scene or hearde, Wiluam of Breusb, 
Sonne and heir of Williah of Breusb, sondeth greetinge 
in our Lord God everlastinge. Know ye us to have remisede 
and granted for us, and our heires or assignes, to our free 
Burgesses of the Boroughe of Tedburie, the common pastour 
which do dayme to ptaine and belonge to their burgages in the 
pasture which is North Haye ; so that thaie, the said Burgesses, 

* Dugda1e*s Afonatt. Angl^ v. 425. 


do use the same in the spring time as thaie have nsede it bie ann- 
ciente costome. In witness whereof to this present writtinge^ 
we have put to our seale, these bearing witnesse, Peter de la 
Mare, Knight, Henry de Mojngne, Rjchard of Wokaey, 
Adam Sylman, John of Seyntlej, John Mahele, AUande de 
Forwoode, and others. Dated at London, the Mondaie, the 
vith daie of the moneth. of Marche, in the njnetene year of 
the raigne of Kynge Edwarde. 


Ee grant of Beginald de Brahm^ of the liberties former^ granted 

to the Burgesses of Tetbtay. 

Be it known unto all men, that Rainalds of Brahus have 
given, and bie this my psent writtinge, confirmed to the 
Burgesses of Tbdbusie, all liberties and customes which thaie 
have, or ought to have, in the town of Tedbubib, as the 
writings of the Lobd William of Brahus, my fiither, which 
they have, do shewe and testifye ; and because I wolde y* this, 
my confirmacon, maie abide and remaine sure and sted&ste, 
I have to this pnte writtinge put my seale, these bearinge 
witness: The Lord Pagan of Burchell, Hugh of the Ash, 
Walter of Tandey, Richard the sonne of Vincent, Symmes 
y* Clerk, and many others. 


Be Orant of John de BrausOf of former UbertieSj to the Burgesses 


Be it known to all men that I, Johk, of the Old Hall, have 
given, and by this my present writnnge, conferred to my 
Burgesses of Tedbubib, all liberties and free customes which 
ihaie were wont to have in the time of my ancestors, as it is 
contained in the writUnge which they have of the Lord 
Willm, of the Old Hall, my grandfather ; and that this my 



pnte graant and confirmadon may abide in bis force and effect, 
I bave to tbis pnte writtinge set my seale, tbese bearing wit- 
ness: WiUm. de Maca, Baynolde of Bolmron, Mr. Raife 
Mailon, Jobn Omll, Roger of Dunchton, Walter of Upton, 
Pbillippe of Tedbarie, and many otbers.^ 


The Charter of King Edward IV. of the Memor of Almnuter to 

Weathury College, 

Thb Kmo to all to wbom, &c., greeting. Know ye tbat 
of our special favour and sincere love and affection wbicb 
we bear towards tbe College or Collegiate Churcb of West- 
bury, in tbe County of Gloucester, and tbat tbe Dean and 
Canons, and otber officers of tbe College and tbeir snocessorB, 
may in particular pray and implore God for our wel&re, and 
of Coecilia our motber, wbilst we live, and for our souls 
after we are dead ; and for tbe souls of our most dear 
fiitber, Ricbard, Duke of York, and of Edward, Earl of 
Rutland, our brother, we bave given and g^ranted, and by 
tbis our cbarter, bave confirmed, to Henry Sampson, clerk, 
Dean of tbe said College, and to tbe Cbapter tbereo^ tbe~ 
Manor of Aylminstre, otherwise called Elmystre, with its 
appurtenances, in tbe said County of Gloster, to bave and 
to bold tbe said Manor with the appurtenances, unto the 
aforesaid Dean and Cbapter and tbeir successor, of us and 
our heirs, in perpetual alms for ever, together with court leets, 
franck pledge, privileges, and otber liberties, profits, and 
commodities, to the said Manor belonging or appertiuning, 
tbe statute of &c., notwithstanding. In witness whereof, 
&c. Witness, tbe IQng at Westminster, tbe twenty-first day 
of March. 

6 The Latio original of these three Charters are in the Town Chest, but 
they are in many parts illegible. 


Extracts from Public Bolls bslatino to Tetburt.'' 


Rotiili Literarum Clausarum. 

17 Johan. A.D. 1215. Rex Vicario Glouc, etc. Prtecip- 
simas tibi quod sine dilatione facias habere dilecto et fideli 
nostro Thom& de S. Walerico id quod de jure haberi debet 
in manerio de Tettibiri, et Hugoni de Mortuo Mari id quod 
habere debet de jure in eodem manerio. Ne amplius inde 
clam audiamus. Si quid autem de catallis que ipsum Thomam 
contingunt de eodem manerio captum vel amotum fuerit, id 
ei sine dilatione reddi facias. Testis me ipso apud Langar. 
zxvij die Dec. 

18 Johan. A.D. 1216. Mandatum est vicario Glouc. quod 
habere fiicias eidem Hugoni plenam saisinam de manerio de 
Tbttebiri cum pertinentibus suis clam esse jus suum. T. ut 


Calendarium Inquisitionem post mortem. 
3 Hen. V. Num. 34. 
Gilbertus de Stonore fil' Bad'i de Stonore ten. 
Doughton terr' et terr* Tetteburye. 
23 Hen. VI. Num. 24. 

Margareta quse fuit uxor Johannis Berkeley mllitis defunct' 
Tettebury maner' Gloucester. 
13 Ed. lY. Jocosa Beauchamp vidua 

Tettebury maner* vill' et domini' cum membris 

Upton juxta Tettebury I ii/r.»a«„a«:- ^^^ 
Charleton et Doughtoi | Messuagia terr* 

f I have selected a few extracta from the Pablie RoUs lelatiDg to 
Tetbaiy, to illustrate the maimer io which the town is mentioned in 
them. The namber of references to it are far too numeroas for publi- 
cation, and would be of little use in a work such as the present. 


20 Ed. IV. No. 72. JoWes GraTiUe MUes 
Tettebnry nuuier' vill' et domini' 

Upton JMta Tettcbnry I Measoacia torr^ 
Charlton and Donghton J ''^ Gloucest. 

6 Hen. Y. No. 48. Georg' Brewes ai^ 

Upton jnxta Tetteboiy messuagia et redditns. 



Testa de Nevill. 
Isti tenent de dno. B^e in capito in com' Glonc* 
Glouc* p. 77 b. 
Petrus fil' Herbti tenet Tbttkbir qae fecit W. de Braus 
de dono B. 
p. 79. b. Handnn de Langetr* 
In Tettebra zxxij came' 
. Upton. Osbertos de Grava tenet ana caruc' terre in 
UrroN p' archeriam. 

Taxatio Ecdesiastica P. Nicholai. 


£ M, 6. 

A ■. d. 


2 8 



Ecclesia de Tettebar 

Pret h. porco Abbas de Ejneshm 

Pret hie porco Abbas de Kjmeswood 

major' dec* in grang* de Tettebar' et de ^048 5^ 

uno Grufto 

rood inl 
etde >- 


Valor Ecclesiasticas Temp. Hen. VIII. 

Auctoritate Begis institutos— 

Tetborj Vicaria. 

Valet dare in reddit^ et firm' ana cam x'' ibm 
p ann altra xyj solat' pro sostentac' kmpad x* 
arctio ibm ij* pro cenag. et viii' dno epo pro 
Tisita* juxta rat^ cajuslt iij^ anni ij* 





x<n* inde Ixz 

Tettebrj Jst Chantry. Valued at viij xiij 

x«n» xvij UJ 

Tettebiy 2nd Chantrj. Valued at cxv vij 

X™* inde "xj vj 

•• ••• 


Or a Collection of Tokens iaaned in the Seventeenth Century^ 
from 1650-1670, hy Tradesmen and Towns m 
the County of Gloucester, 

Those belonging to Tetbury are mentioned p. 238. They 
are as follows : 

1. ob. Arrowsmith Obadiah 

rev. In Tetbury Baylef q"^ 

2. ob. Stephens John 

rev. In Tedbury 1664 j j 

3. ob. Swinnerton Antipas (a Woolpack) 
rev. Of Tedbury, Wollman j^^ 


4. ob. Teakle Samuel g ^ 

rev. Clothier in Tetbury ^ ^ 

•5. ob. In Tetbury this farthing is owned 
rev. The armes of that Burrough 

Bbibf fob the Ripaibs of Tbtbubt Chitbch. 

Tetbary Church, in Com' Gloucester. Charge £2,600 and 
upwards; to be collected from house to house. 

T. Hickes, 12th Oct, 1730. 
G^rge the Second, by the Grace of Grod, of Great Britain, 
France, and Ireland, King, Defender of the Faith, &c., 

m^^^ - II I I — ^— 111 ■ ,1 I ■ - 

1 By Mr. Phelps of ChATenage House, near Tctbnry. 


to all and singular ArohbisliopSy Bishops, Archdeaoons, Deans, 
and their officials, Parsons, Vicars, Curates, jand all other 
fq>iritaal persons ; and to all Teachers and Preachers of every 
separate congregation ; and also to all Justices of the Peace, 
Majors, Sheriflb, Bailifis, Constables, Churchwardens, Chapel- 
wardens, Head-boroughs, Collectors for the Poor, and their 
Overseers; and also to sdl officers of Cities, Boroughs, and 
Towns Corporate ; and to all other our officers, ministers, and 
subjects, whatsoever they be, as well within liberties as 
without, to whom these presents shall come, greeting. 

Whereas it hath been represented unto us, as well upon the 
humble petition of the Minister, Churchwardens, and Inhabi- 
tants of the parish of Tetbury, in the County of Gloucester, as 
also by certificate under the hands of our truly and weU-beloved 
— Hyett, Esq., Dr. Walter Hodges, and Dr. Nath. Lye, ICinard 
de la Bere, Thomas Cooke, John Stephens, and Edward Field, 
Esquires, and several others, our Justices of the Peace for 
our said County of Gloucester, made at their General Quarter 
Sessions of the Peace, held at the Booth-hall in the City of 
Gloucester, in and for the said County, on the 15th day of 
July, in the third year of our reign — ^That the said parish 
Church and Chancel of Tetbuiy is a very antient builcting, con- 
sisting of four isles, which by length of time is become so very 
ruinous and decayed in the foundation, walls, and roof thereof, 
that the same cannot be repaired and amended without taking 
great part of it down ; and that the Parishioners and Inhabi- 
tants of the said parish have for many years last past, used 
their utmost endeavours to keep up and support their said 
Church and Chancel, having within few years coUected, laid 
out, and expended, above the sum of £600 in the repairs 
thereof; but being burthened with a numerous poor, (for 
whose maintenance they have for several years last past paid 
above three shillings in the pound, besides other parish duties 
and assessments,) they are not able, amongst themselves, to 
raise a sum sufficient to repair or rebuild the ruiaous and 


decnjed parts of thoir said Church aDd Ghancal, which is 
now (notwithstanding their great care, and the expense which 
thej have already been at) in such manifest danger of felling, 
that the Parishioners cannot, without hazard of their livesy 
assemble therein for the public worship of Almighty God. 

That the truth of the premises hath been made to appear 
unto our said Justices in their open Sessions of Peace, not 
only by the petitioners, but also upon the oaths of divers able 
and experienced workmen who have carefully viewed the said 
Church and Chancel, who have made a moderate estimate and 
computation of the charge of repairing and rebuilding the said 
Church and Chancel, which amounts to the sum of Two thousand 
six hundred pounds, and upwards ; and the said parishioners 
having given us full satis£EU}tion, by the affidavit of some of 
the inhabitants of the said parish, of the truth of the matters 
aforesaid, and that they have done, and are still ready and 
willing to do, to the utmost of their power, to repair and 
keep up so antient a structure. But, finding themselves 
unable to raise so large a sum as will be necessary to go 
on with and finish so great a work, unless assisted by the 
charity of our well disposed subjects, they have therefore, 
most humbly besought us to grant unto them our most gra- 
cious letters patent, licence, and protection, under our Great 
Seal of Grreat Britain, to empower them to ask, collect, and 
receive the alms, benevolence, and charitable contributions 
of all our loving subjects, throughout England, Wales, and 
Berwick-upon-Tweed, for the repairing and rebuilding the 
ruinous and decayed parts of their said Church and Chancel. 

Unto which their humble request we have graciously con- 
descended, not doubting but that when these our inclinations 
for promoting so good a work shall be made known to our 
loving subjects, they will readily and cheerfully contribute 
their endeavours for accomplishing the same. 

Know ye, therefore, that of our especial grace and favour, 
and we have given and granted, and by these our letters 


patent^ under our Great Seal of Great Britain, we do give 
and grant unto the Minister, Churchwardens, and inhalntants 
of the parish of Tetburj aforesaid, and to their deputy and 
deputies, the bearer and bearers thereof^ (authorized as here- 
inafter is directed,) full power, license, not only masters an4 
mistresses, but also lodgers, servants, and strangers, withiil 
all and every our coundes, cities, towns, boroughs, hamlet^ 
cinque-ports, districts, parishes, chapelries, and aU other places 
whatsoever, throughout England, Wales, and Berwick-upon- 
Tweed, for the good intent and purpose aforesaid. 

And therefore, in pursuance of the tenor of an Act of 
Parliament made in the fourth year of the reign of the late 
Queen Anne, intituled, ''An Act for the better collecting 
Chaiitj Money on Brie&, by letters patent, and Preventing 
Abuses in relation to such Charities,'' our will and pleasure 
is, and we do hereby (for the better advancement of these 
our pious institutions,) require and command all Ministers, 
teachers, and preachers, Churchwardens and Chapelwardens, 
and the collectors of this Brief and aU others concerned, that 
they and every of them observe the directions in the said 
Act contained, and do in all things conform themselves there- 
unto; and that, when the printed copies of these presents 
shall be tendered unto you, the respective Ministers and 
Curates, Churchwardens, Chapelwardens, and to the respec- 
tive teachers and preachers of every separate congregation, 
that you and every of you, under the penalties to be inflicted 
by the said Act, do receive the same. 

And you the respective Ministers, and Curates, and teachers, 
and preachers, are by all persuasive motives and arguments 
earnestly to exhort your respective congregations and assem- 
blies to a libera] contribution of their charity finr promoting 
so good a work. 

And you the respective Churchwardens and Chapelwardens 
of the several and respective parishes within the Connfy of 
Gloucester, (and not elsewhere,) together with the respective 


Ministers, or some of the substantial inhabitants of the several 
parishes accompanying you, are hereby required to go fix>m 
house to house within your respective iMuishes and liberties, 
within the said County of Gloucester, upon the week days 
next following the publication of these presents, to ask and 
receive from the said parishioners, as well masters, mis- 
tresses, and servants, as others in their fiunilies, their Christian 
and charitable contributions, and to take the names in writing 
of all such as shall contribute hereunto, and the sum and 
sums by them respectively given, and indorse the whole sums 
upon the said printed Briefe, in words at length, and sub- 
scribe the same with your own proper hands, together with 
the name of the place where and time when collected ; and 
enter the same in the publick books of account kept for 
each parish and chapelry respectively within the said County 
of Gloucester ; and the sum and sums collected, together 
with the said printed Brieft so indorsed, you are to deliver 
to the deputy and agents authorized to receive the same. 

And we do by these presents nominate, constitute, and 
appoint, the Most Noble Henry, Duke of Beaufort ; the Right 
Ilonourable Henry, Earl of Berkshire ; James, Earl of Berk- 
ley; Allen, Lord of Bathurst; and Matthew, Lord Ducie; 
the Right Reverend Father in God Joseph, Lord Bishop of 
Gloucester ; the Honourable Henry Berkeley, Esquire ; and 
Sur John Dutton, Baronet ; the Reverend Walter Hodges, 
Doctor in Divinity ; Thomas Estcourt, Nathaniel Stephens, 
John Stephens, Benjamin Bathurst, John Neale, William 
Kingsbote, Joseph Small, William Vaughan, Samuel Shep- 
herd, Hawkins Chapman, and John Hickes, Esquires, and 
the Minister and Churchwardens of the parish of Tetbury 
for the time being, Trustees and receivers of the charity to 
be collected by virtue of these presenta, with power to them, 
or any five or more of them, to give deputations to such 
collectors as shall be chosen by the petitioners, or the major 
part of them. And the said Trustees, or any five or more. 


are to make and sign all necessaiy orders, and to do all 
other reasonable and necessary acts for the due and regular 
collection of this Brief and advancement of the said charity ; 
and to see that the monies, when collected, be effectually 
applied for the repairing and rebuilding the ruinous and de- 
cayed parts of the said Church and Chancel. 

And, lastly, our will and pleasure is, that no person or 
persons shall receive any the printed Briefis or monies col- 
lected thereon, but such only as shall be so deputed and made 
the bearer and bearers of these presents or duplicates hereof. 

In witness whereof we have caused these our letters to be 
made patent, and to continue in force for one whole year, 
firom Christmas next, and no longer. 

Witness, Our self, at Westminster, the twenty fourth day 
of September, in the fourth year of our Beign. 

GrOD Save the Kmo. 


The above is endorsed outside, 

Tetbury Church. 
Pray return all Brie& the next Visitation. 

T. GRANT, Collector. 
For Messrs. Hodgson and Worrall. 

£ s. d 

Collected upon this Brief at Hothfleld, in the County 

of Kent, the sum of one shilling, this twenty 

second day of August, in the year of our Lord 

One thousand, seven hundred, and thirty one .010 

By John Norcross, I^Gnister. 

NICHO. RUSSELL, ) p. „,^,^„^ 
HENRY TERREY, / Churchwardens. 



In the Name of God, Amen, for bo much as we have 
oot here any perpetuity or long reeidence, but are as pilgrims 
and strangers looking for a city whose builder is God eternal 
in the Heavens, and seeing the days of men passeth away 
swift, and death taketh us on the sudden, without giving 
warning or respit to bethink us, and being warned by the 
example of King Hezekiah to set our house and worldly 
affairs in order, because we must die, and having orderly 
disposed and settled my estate, I shall depart hence the more 
quietly in myself, and the more peaceably for others that I 
leave behind me. Therefore, I, William Romney, of the 
city of London, Unworthy Knight and Alderman, being in 
sound health and memory, I thank God for it, and desirous 
to go the way of all flesh at the good pleasure of God, do 
make this ray last will and testament, disannulling all former 
wills whatsoever by me made, in manner and form following : 
First, because my soul and spirit is the chief part of me, and 
come from above, I commend the same to the Father of Spirits, 
God Almighty, distinguished in three persons ; to wit. Father, 
Son, and Holy Ghost, but one in Deity and Godhead, most 
humbly beseeching the same God, of His infinite mercy, to 
pardon and forgive the infinite number of my sins, hoping 
and believing most assuredly in my heart that, all be it, my 
grievous offences have deserved the intolerable curse of Gk>d, 
and everlasting torments of Hell, yet, through and only 
through the obedience, hitter passion, and death of my sweet 
Saviour Jesus Christ, I shall not only be fully and freely 
ac^iuitted and discharged from all, both from the puiiishmonts 
and &ults, but also I shall be reputed righteous through his 
righteousness laid and clothed upon me; and so, finally, I 
shfUl inherit the unspeakable joys of the Kingdom of Heaven, 


for He, the Lord of Glory, which knew no sm, was pleaaed 
to be made the price and ransom for my 8ins; and like as 
mj sins were laid upon Him to His death, so His righteousness 
shall be imputed to me for my everlasting life and salTation. 
Secondly, for that my body is from beneath of the base sub- 
stance of the earth, whence it came and whither it must 
return. I therefore commit and commend it to the grave, 
desiring that it may be accompanied with my kindred and 
friends, and Christianly buried with the smallest pomp of 
heraldry that conveniency will tolerate, at the discretion of 
my executrix, either in my Parish Church where I dwell, 
or in St Magnus on the Bridge, there lying my wife, good 
father, and mothers, and divers of my own children already, 
where my said body shall remain a corruptible lump until 
the last day, at what time I believe it shall be raised up 
again a spiritual body, joined again to my soul, clothed 
with incorruption and immortality, and made like to the 
glorious body of our Saviour Christ, and my most merciful 
Bedeemer shall then be my most gracious Judge. And from 
thenceforth I shall be ever with the Lord, in the Kingdom 
of Heaven, accompanied with His blessed Angels and Saints, 
in such joys as the eye of man hath not seen, the ear of 
man hath not heard, the tongue of man cannot express, 
nor his heart able fully to conceive ; which inexpressible 
mercies and everlasting blessedness I most humbly beseech 
the Lord to grant me, for his great Name's sake, and for 
Jesus Christ's sake, my only Saviour: Amen. Thus much 
of my win and desire, and briefly also of some part of my 
fidth and religion, concerning my body and soul, and the 
estate of them both, as weU in this life as in the life to 
come. All which I believe with my heart, (praying God 
to help my unbelief and to increase my frdth,) confess with 
my mouth, and write with my own hand. And thirdly, 
touching my worldly goods, whereof the Lord hath made 
me but a steward for a short time, and which should have 


been taken from, if I had not been taken from it: I will, 
bequeath, and devise the same as hereiifier foUoweth. 
• «#•«« 

Item. I give and bequeath Ten pounds to be given and 
distributed to and amongst the poor people of the town of 
TetbuTj, at the discretion of my sister Butt, Henry Chap* 
man, Edward Chapman, Heniy Mayo, William Mills, Robert 
Wyer, and William Wyer, or any four or more of them, 
within six months of my decease. 

Item, Touching the lease term and interest I have fit>m 
and under the Right Honble. Lord Barcklay, of and in the 
marketts, waights, of wove yam and other things, towls, 
standingiB, and others profitts, in Tetbuiy, in the county of 
Gloster, my will and meaning is, that the issues, revenues, 
and profitts thereof^ shall go and be employed to their 
uses, intents, and purposes, and in manner and form here- 
under following (that is to say,) First, that the rent reserved 
and to grow due by and upon the said lease, be duly paid 
to the said Bight Honble. Lord Barkdey during the said 
lease, according to the said lease, at or within the term 
therein limited for the pajrment thereof. lUm^ that those 
shall be paid, given, and distributed weekly, and every week 
during the term of years contained in the said lease, to and 
for relief of the poor, sick, aged, and impotent persons there, 
the sum of five shillings, /(mi, to the end there may be 
provided, procured, and maintained some honest, godly, and 
sufficient schoolmaster there, to teach and instruct the 
children and youths of the said town and parish gratis to 
read and write, and to cast accounts in arithmetick, thereby 
the better and more sooner to become fit for service, both 
for their good and the good of the commonwealth. And 
therefore I do most earnestly recommend to them special care 
to be had that the schoolmaster shall be very skilfiil in 
arithmetick, which art teacheth much wit unto all sorts of 
men and traders, but is too litUe known, in our land especially, 
m owr Umd eepedalfy^ in our country towns and cities ; I say to 


this end and purpoaes, I will that there shall be given, paid, 
and allowed, so long aa mj lease hath any being, to and 
for such schoolmaster, the sam of thirteen pounds a year, 
the same to be paid him quarterly by even portions. 

lUm. I will that six pounds a year shall be paid, given, 
and allowed towards a godly lecture or sermon, to be 
preached in the said town of Tetbury once in a week, 
besides that which the Parson or his deputy there per* 
formeth, whose care and duty in this behalf is not as it 
ought to be, the more pity, at such a day and time as the 
King's Bailiff for the time being, and his brethren that 
have been bailiffs, or the most part of them, whereof the 
said bailiff to be one shall think fit and expedient; the 
same six pounds to be paid quarterly by even portions. 

Item. I will that all the residue of the profitts, issues, 
and revenues, over and besides the charges and payments 
above-mentioned, shall remun and be to the bailiff of the 
King's majesty, his heirs and successors, commonly called 
the King's Bailiff of the said town of Tetbury for the time 
being, therewith the better to maintain and keep hospitality 
to credit and countenance his place for the well governing 
the town, and to keep such servants and officers as shall be 
needful for the service of the town, and for the just and 
true weighing of wool, yam, and other things. Itemj I will 
that the officer for the weights of weighing wool, yam, and 
other things, shall be solemnly sworn yearly, in the court 
or leet there, for trae and upright dealing between the byer 
and seller. 

Item. I will that nomination and election, placing and dis- 
placing, as weD as of the said lectures, the school-master, the 
officer for weighing, and the poor that shall receive weekly 
provisions as aforesaid, shall remain, and be on good, godly, 
provident and charitable, discretions, power, and treasure of 
the King's bailiff of that town for the time being, and of 
twenty other persons, honest, and discreet, of the said town, 
and his assistants, or the most part of them, of which twenty 


persons I will, that Edmund Escott,] William Tanner, John 
Dryrer, Henry Mayow, Richard Huggens, Tobye Chapman, 
John Bentley, Thomas Huggens, William Wyer, and Edward 
Tanner, shall be thirteen ; and the same twenty persons I will, 
to be supplied and chosen from time to time, of the better sort, 
and most honest, discreet, and sufficient persons, inhabitants 
of the said town, among whom shall be so many such as have 
bom the office of King's Bailiff, old Geoi^ Escott and his 
sons always excepted and fore prized. And the election and 
choice shall be made by the King*s Bailiff for the time 
being, and the other assistants, such as have bom the said 
office there, if there are so many in the town ; if not, then 
others of the better sort of the inhabitants, (the said George 
Escott the elder and his sons excepted, who I forbid to 
have either hand or voice in this business,) or the most part 
of them, if they upon reasonable warning shall be present, they 
being at the least eleven persons so assembled and come 
together. But under eleven persons no act shall be of force, 
value, strength, or virtue. And I will that the said twenty 
persons above-mentioned, or the most part of them, four 
times in every year, or oftener if need and occasion so re- 
quire, by direction and appointment of the said King's Bailiff 
for the time being, shall assemble themselves together in the 
Tolsey or Town-house, or some other convenient place there, 
for the performance of that herein to them referred; and of 
my intent and tme meaning herein and therein, I will that 
the King's Bailiff for the time being from time to time 
shall be the chief director of the meeting and action, and 
shall have his voice with the rest. And in the scrutiny 
or lotts of voices, the said bailiff shall have two voices, if 
need be, to decide the difference or question ; and upon 
special trust and confidence for the good performance of the 
premises, and of my trao intent and meaning herein, I give 
and bequeath all my said lease and interest and i/sna of years 
to the said Edmund Escott, William Myles, Hany Chapman, 


Edward Chapman, John Dryver, William Tanner, Hany 
Mayow, Bachard Haggens, John Bentley, Thomas Huggens, 
Edward Tanner, Toby Chapman, and William Wyer, willing 
withal, that the most part of them decreasing, assignment 
to be made and renewed to other discreet and honest persons, 
inhabitants of the said town, to be therefore named and ap- 
pointed to fill up the number of thirteen, by the least, by 
the one and twenty persons or the most part of them, upon 
like trust and unto like uses and intents as aforesaid. And 
further, I provide and will that no one man do or shall hold 
or contain in the said office of Elng^s Bailiff in the said 
town of Tetbury about the space of one year and some few 
days ; but i£, through favour of the Lord Barckley, or any 
other that may be lord of the town, or of any of his or 
their stewards, who have chief hand in the election of the 
bailiff, or through any other means, firiendship, plott, or 
devise, or what cause or pretence soever, the bailiff should 
be new elected for another year, or continued longer In his 
place or office than one whole year and some few days : then I 
will and appoint that all the revenues, profits, and sums 
of money which shall be collected and received for the 
weighing of wool, yam, and other things, whatsoever tolls 
standing or whatsoever, shall be wholly given to the lec- 
tures, to the poor, and to the schoolmaster of the said town 
of Tetbury, equally to be divided amongst them (that is to 
say,) the lecturer shall have the one third part, the poor 
shall have one other third part, and the schoolmaster shall 
take the other third part; but the King's Bailiff shall have 
no part nor portion thereof during the term of years which shall 
be then to come. Nevertheless, I hereby provide that it shall 
and may be lawful to and for the inhabitants of the said town, 
and the steward, to present and elect one man, if they shall 
think him fit and worthy to be the King's Bailiff, more than 
once or twice, so that there shall be three years, at the 
least, of vacancy between the times of his election, and in 


such case such bailiff so elected shall enjoy the benefit of 
my said bequest Anything hereinbefore to the contrary 

List of Acts of Parliament comnectbd with tbs Town. 

I. 5 George m. (1765.) 

An Act to apply a certain sum of money firom the sale 
of a house in Tetbuiyy in the county of Gloucester, and by 
donations of several persons for re-building the Parish Church 
and Chancel of Tetbury aforesaid. 

IL 54 George m., c 144. (1814) 

An Act for vesting certain common fields and waste 
grounds within the town and borough and parish of Tetbury, 
in the county of Gloucester, in trustees, discharged of any 
right of common thereon, and upon certain trusts declared 
thereof; (17th January, 1814.) 

The North Hayes or Warren contains 

The Hill ..... 

Several small pieces of waste land lying dis- 
persed in the lordship of the Manor • 

The Chipping Croft. 

Several small pieces of waste land lying dis- 
persed in the town and burroug^ 

A. R. P. 

199 8 8 

23 8 80 

1 20 

1 8 25 

1 1 18 

228 2 11 

m. 57 George HI., c. 2. (1817.) 
An Act for paving the footways, and for lighting and 
cleansing the streets, lanes, and public places, within the 
town and borough of Tetbury, in the county of Gloucester, 
and for preventing nuisances therein ; (Hth March, 1817.) 

IV. 2 Victoria, c. 7. (1839.) 
An Act for the sale of the advowson of the Vicarage of 
Tetbury, in the county of Gloucester ; (14th May, 1839.) 




Know all men by these presents, that the 17th day of 
November, 1658, there was exhibited to the Commission for 
approbation to pablique preachers, a presentation of Daniel 
Norris, Clerk, Master of Arts, to the Vicarage of Tetbury, 
in the county of Gloucester, made to him by Richard Talboys, 
Esq., John Sheppard, William Savage, and John Savage, 
gentlemen ; Obadiah Arrowsmith, Antipas Swinnerton, William 
Denning, Samuel Teakle, and John UndriU, the patrons thereof; 
together with a testimony in the behalf of the said Daniel 
Norris, of his holy and good conversation. Upon personall 
and due consideration of the premises, and finding him to 
be a person qualified as in and by the ordinance for such 
approbation is required : the Commission above-mentioned 
have adjudged and approved the said Daniel Norris to be 
a fit person to preach the Grospell, and have graunted him 
admission, and doe admitt the said Daniel Norris to the 
Vicarage of Tetbury albresaid, to be full and perfect pos- 
sessor and incumbent thereof. And doe hereby signify to 
all persons concerned therein, that he is hereby intitaled to 
the profltts and perquisitts, and all rights and dues incident 
and belonging to the said Vicarage, as fuHy and efiectually 
as if he had been instituted and inducted according to any 
such lawes and customs as have in this case formerly been 
made, had, or used in this realme. In witness whereof they 
have caused the comon scale to be hereunto affixed, and 
the same to be attested by the hand of the Register, by his 
Highness in this behalf appointed. 

Dated at Whitehall, the seaventhenth day of November, 
one thousand, six hundred, fifly and eight 

The aeal hiu the Royal Arms laid on a peculiar shield, with the words 
roand, *' The seale for approbation of pablick preachers,** and the name, 
M. Howia, probably that of the Begistmr, outside. 

The MS. from which this is taken is now in the British Museum. 


Bishops of Gloucester from the Foundation of the 

See in 1541.^ 

1541 September 20. The See founded. John Wakeman, 

last Abbot of Tewkesbury, consecrated, died 1549. 
1550 May 15. John Hooper, deprived 1553, burnt Feb. 9, 

1554 April 1. Jahbs Brookes, Master of Balliol College, 

Oxford, d. Sept. 7, 1558. 

See vacant three years. 
1562 April 19. Rxchard Cheney, d. April 25, 1579. 
1581 August 15. John Bulunoham, d. May 20, 1598. 
1598 August 28. Godfrey Goldsborouoh, d. May 26, 1604. 
1605 March 19. Thomas Bayis, Dean of Christ Church, 

translated to London May 18th, 1607. 
1607 July 12. Hbnbt Parrt, Dean of Chester, translated to 

Worcester 1610. 

161 1 March 15. Giles Thokfson, Dean of Windsor, d. Jan., 


1612 July 15. Miles Smith, Canon of Hereford, d. Oct. 20, 


1624 November 26. Godfrey GtOOdman, Dean of Rochester, 
d. Jan. 16, 1665. 

See sequestered in 1640. 

1660 November 26. William Nicholson, Archdeacon of 
Brecknock, d. Feb. 5, 1672. 

1672 October 10. John PRrrcHErr, d. Jan. 1, 1680. 

1681 March 27. Robert Framfton, Dean of Gloucester, de- 
posed by William and Mary, Feb. I, 1691. 

1691 April 23. Edwin Fowler, d. August 26, 1714. 

1715. January 15. K. D. Wilus, Dean of Lincoln, translated 
to Salisbury 1722. 

1 This list will be found usefnl for reference ; seTeral of Ihe Bishops 
here mentioned being referred to in the preceding pages. 


1722 Jos. WiLCOCKB, tranfllated to Rochester 1731. 

1781 Elias Stdall, d. 1734. 

1734 Martin Benson, Prebendary of Durham, d. 1752. 

1752 Jambs Johnson, Canon of St PauFs, translated to Wor* 
cester 1760. 

1760 William Wabbubton, Dean of Bristol, d. June 7, 1779. 

1779 Honble. Jambs Tobxe, translated to Ely July 21, 1781. 

1781 July 24. Samubl Hallifax, translated to S. Asaph 
March 21, 1789. 

1789 May 30. Bighabd Bbadon, translated to Bath and Wells 

1802 April 21. Gbobgb J. Huntinqfobd, translated to Here- 
ford 1815 

1815 July. Honble. Hbnbt Rtdeb, translated to lachfield and 
Coventry 1824. 

1824 March. Chbistophbb Bbtbbl, translated to Bangor 
April, 1830. 

1830 June 11. Jambs Hbmbt Monk, d. May, 1856. 

1856 July. Chablbs Basing, D.D. 



List op Vicaks. 

The Vicarage of Tetbnry was formerly in the Diooese of 
Worcester: (see page 98.) Henry VJJLl. founded the See 
of Gloucester in 1541 ; since that period Tetbury has been 
in the Diocese of Gloucester. Previously to this, no authentic 
account of the Vicars exists. I have only been enabled to 
discover the names of two or three. In 1279, during the 
Archbishopric of John de Peckham, temp. Edward I., Gregory 
de Karwent was Vicar of Tetbury ; 2 Richard IL (1388,) 
John Philip was Vicar; and in 1462 (2 Edward IV.,) 
Henry Allen was Vicar. 

The names of the Vicars since 1551 are as follows: 

Nftme of Vicar. 

Date of Instltatlon. 


Thomas Holt . 


Christ Ch., Oxford. 

Humphrey Horton 



Henry Walmesley 


Henry, Lord Berkeley. 

William Edwards > 


Gkorge, Lord Berkeley. 

Daniel Norris * 


Feoffees of the Town. 

John Bliss * 



William Scammel ^ 



Ralph Willet . 



Miles Gastrell > 



John Turner ® . 



1 Died Januaiy U, 1658. « Buried March 24, 1726. 

s Boned April 22, 1687. ^ Died December 9, 1738. 

5 Buried June 23, 1712. 

6 He was Chaplain to the Bishop of Gloucester, and in 1739 was pre- 
sented to the Vicarage of Somerford Keynes, Wilts. He died Dec 16, 1 741- 



Name of Vicar. Date of InaUtnlloo. FMraa. 

John Wigbt ^ . . 1742 Feoffees of the Town. 

Thos. Croome Wickes, • 

D.D. . . Dec. 16 1777 „ 

John Richardes ^ . April 22 1 786 „ 

Bichard Davies > . June 18 1792 „ 

Samuel Paul Paul > . April 1825 „ 

John Frampton . Aug. 29 1828 „ 

The advowBon was sold in 1839. Charles Stanton, Esq., 
is the present Patron. 

List of Lbctubebs. 

The Lectureship was founded in 1610, by Sir William 
Romney, who left £6 per annum for that purpose. It was 
raised to £10 on tlie purchase of the lease of the fairs, Ac, 
by the town. By the scheme confirmed by the Court of 
Chancery in 1830, £30 per annum was assigned to the Lec- 
turer; but it having since that period laid for some years in 
abeyance, the stipend now amounts to £38 3s. 4d. Formerly 
the lecture was delivered eveiy Thursday, and four Lecturers 
(usually the Clergy of the neighbouring parishes,) were ap« 
pointed. The duty now attached to it is to preach a sermon 
in the Parish Church, on every Sunday evening from the 
third Sunday in April to the third Sunday in September. 
The Feoffees appoint the Lecturer. 

The names of the Lecturers, as far as I have been enabled 
to collect them from MS. and other documents, are as follow : 

(reorge Bull, D.D., Bector of Avening, from 1685 to 1705, 

f A great benefactor to the town. Died Nov. 24, 1777. 

9 Died March 81. 1766. 

9 He was fonneiiy Lecturer and Schoolmaster here; alao Chaplain to the 
£arl of Pembroke. He died May 27, 1792. 

1 Also Vicar of Horsdey. Died April 8» 1825. 

9 Died July 29, 1828. He was baptised in 1781, being the first perwn 
baptized in the new Parish Church. 


and afterwards Bbhop of St David's, was lor somo tiine 

Lecturer here. 

1726 Bey. Mr. Lewis, of Holt 1788 Be v. John Bichardes. 

1738 Bev. Mr. Hackman. Bev. Mr. Bowen. 
Bev. John Wight Bev. Mr. ComwaU. 
Bev. Mr. Bennett 1790 Bev. Bichard Davies. 
Bev. Mr. Bryan. 1792 Bev. Lancaster Dodgson. 

1739 Bev. Mr. Gregory. 1799 Bev. W. Everett 
Bev. Mr. Freer. 1800 Bev. Mr. Thorpe. 

1749 Bev. T. C. Wickes. 

From this date till 1844 the Lectures ceased, horn want 
of funds. 

1844 May 7. Jacob Wood.' 

1845 March 19. Jacob Wood.' 

1846 April 22. Heniy Herbert Wyatt 

1848 April 17. Henry Herbert Wyatt 

1849 April 11. Thomas Lukjn Williams. 

1850 March 25. Charles Fuge Lowder. 

1851 March 29. Charles Fuge Lowder. 

1852 March 90. James Hamilton.' 

1853 April 5. Fred. Waters Greenstreet 

1854 April 6. Fred. Waters Greenstreet. 

1855 March 29. Alfred T. Lee. 

1856 March 27. Alfred T. Lee. 

1857 March. W. B. Brownlow. 

List op Cubatbs. 

1598 Nicholas Bonner 1681 John King 

1602 George Haines 1708 Mr. Lodge 

1607 Bichard Lambert 1710 William Bishop 

1612 Tobias Higgens 1735 Mr. Verreby 

Mr. Sheen 1740 John Wight, Vicar of 

Mr. Hicks Tetbury, 1741 to 1777 

s £lectad, but did not serve. 


1819 W. S. Biich, Sector of 

Easton Gkey&Lucking- 
ton, Wilts 

1 820 Thomas T. L. Jones, late 

Incum. of North Niblej, 

1823 Edward D. Slade 
1825 Thomas Davies 

1828 Charles E^rck 
John Duffiis 

1829 Heniy S. Sajce, Incum. 

of Shirehampton, Glou- 
1831 Jacob Wood, Hector of 
Sjde, Gloucestershire 

1 838 James Hogan 

1839 Edward Hebson 

1841 Peter Blackburn 

1842 Joshua Bennett, Incum- 

bent of Cayersham, 

1843 Charles B. Garside 

1844 Henry Walker, Incum. 
of S. Andrew's, West- 

T. H. Chase, Incum. of 
Ljdbrook, Gloucester- 

1846 H. H. Wyatt, Incum. of 
Trin. Chapel, Brighton 
Charles F. Lowder 

1849 T.L.Wimams, Incum. of 
Forthleven, ComwaU 

1852 B. H. Poole, Incnm. of 

Beeston, Leeds 
F. W. Greenstreet 

1853 H. H. Hardy, Yicar of 


1854 Richard Bramley 
Alfred T. Lee, Incum. of 

Elson, Gosport, Hants 

1855 John Hughes 

1856 Thomas J. Lee 
W. R. Brownlow 

List of Chubchwabdens. 

1589 Edward Renter 
Thomas Bird 

1590 Henry Mayo 
Robert Poole 

1591 ]^chard Brinkworth 
Bayley Woodrofe 

1592 John Warrant 
John Boxe 

1593 John Hoopper 
John Howman 

1594 William Myles 
George Estcourte 

1595 Francis Taylcr 
John Chapman 

1596 John Driver 
William Chapman 

1597 George Potts 
Thomas Gwynn 

1598 Robert Cotte 
Richard Hope 


1599 Bichard Boxe 
Robert Gotte 

1600 John Sandys 
Richard Webb 

1601 Thomas Byne 
Edward Mayo 

1602 Edward Chapman 
William Tanner 

1603 Edward Carter 
John Apprichard 

1604 William Taylor 
William Denninge 

1605 John Browninge 
Richard Compton 

1606 Thomas Hnggins 
Toby Chapman 

1607 Heorie Norris 
John Watts 

1608 John Driver 
Bryan Hooper 

1609 William Wyer 
Jasper Chapman 

1610 Henrie Nixon 
William Yaisey 

1611 Thomas Brinkworth 
John Hooper, jun. 

1612 Toby Chapman 
John Hooper, sen. 

1613 William Tanner 
Charles Writte 

1614 Richard George 
Robert Bird 

1615 John Digby 
Henry Weller 

1616 William lancke 
Richard Arrowsmith 

617 Henry Cr^>pe 
Jasper Weyer 

618 William Yaisey 
William Denninge 

619 ( ^^""7 Mayo 

•< Arthur Tanner 

620 i *«*«w 


621 Richard Boxe 
Roger Hiller 

622 Robart Hibbart 
Thomas Goodall 

623 Richard Hooper 
Charles Wright 

624 Toby Chapman 
Thomas Burgess 

625 Henry Wells 
Edward Mayo 
William lincke 

626 William Yeysey 
William Denninge 

627 The same 
WilUam Denning 



Jasper Weare 

John Adey 

630 Jasper Wyer 
John Adey 

631 Richard Hooper 
William Hooper 

632 Roger Webb 
William Lynke 

633 Richard Arrowsmith 
Richard Hillyer 

634 Henry Mayo 
Robert Hooper 

635 Hugh Dun 
Toby Mayo 


1636 Henry Willis 
John Wickes 

1637 Toby Mayo 
William Denninge 

1638 Arthnr Tanner 
John Adey 

1639 Jasper Swinnerton 
John Shorlocke 

1640 WiUiam Davies 
Obadiah Arrowsmith 

1641 WiUiam Lincke 
Richard Player 

1642 William Lincke 
John Browninge 

1643 The same 

1644 William Packer 
William Bachelor 

1645 The same 

1646 The same 

1647 William Denninge 
Thomas Whittinge 

1648 John Undrill 

1649 Obadiah Arrowsmith 
Samuel Teakle 

1650 William Davis 
Frands Hobbs 

1651 Antipas Swinnerton 
John Miles 

1652 The same 

1653 Matthew Beale 
Timothy Okes 

1654 The same 

1655 William Hodges 
Henry Wells 

1656 Thomas Curtis 

John Veysey of Upton 

1657 Edward Pamell, aUas 

John Gkde of Doughton 

1658 Samuel Brasington 
Joseph Browninge 

1659 Mr. William Savage 
Thomas Whitinge 

1660 The same 

1661 Stephen Thomas 
AnUpas Swinnerton 

1662 The same 

1663 John Savage, gent. 
Christopher Harris 

1664 Moses Wickes 
John Holland 

1665 Richard Amos 
Edward Teakle 

1666 John UndriU 
Edward Slopar 

1667 Samuel Denninge 
Toby Mayo 

1668 Frands Hobbes 
Samuel Saunders 

1669 Samuel Teakle 
John Thomas 

1670 John Sherman 
Nathaniel Body 

1671 John Gale 
William Hooper 

1672 Joseph Browning 
John Linkinghold 

1673 John Vayzey 
James Stancomb 

1674 Edward Pumell 
Thomas Morton 

1675 Roger HiUer 


William Hodges 
1676 <& 1677 The same 

1678 Isaac Browning 
Samuel Witcomb 

1679 Thomas CuUimore 
William Mayo 

1680 Charles Mayo 
Daniel Mason 

1681 Jeremiah Watts 
Thomas Edgerley 

1682 Nathaniel Mayo 
Samuel Wickes 

1683 John Gale 
Robert Seale 

1684 Christopher Harris 
Jonathan Shipton 

1685 Edward Teakle 
Robert Mershant 

1686 The same 

1687 Charles Savage 
John Thomas, jun. 

1688 William Jones 
William Dolman 

1689 & 1690 The same 

1691 Edward Sloper 
WiUiam Wickes 

1692 Joseph Wickes 
William Damsell 

1693 John Butler 
Joseph Punter 

1694 The same 

1695 Edward Teakle, jun. 
James Walkey 

1696 to 1698 The same 
1699 Nathaniel Batchelor 

Thomas Skammell 

1700 John Taylor 
Nathaniel Body, jun. 

1701 Gilbert Gastrell 
Nathaniel Body, jun. 

1702 Nathaniel Cripps 
John Sloper 

1703 The same 

1705 Samuel Saunders 
Jonathan Wickes 

1706 Francis Savage 
Matthew Wilkins 

1707 Thomas Deacon 
Jonathan Shipton 

1708 The same 

1709 John Wickes 
John Hillier 

1710 to 1712 The same 

1714 John Weight 

Thomas Butler 

1716 Richard Talboys 
William Damsell 

1717 GUes Body 
Matthew Wilkins 

1718 to 1724 The same 

1725 Giles Body 

1726 GUes Body 
Eldward Esbury 

1727 Giles Body 

1728 Giles Body 
Christopher Clark 

1729 The same 

1730 Thomas Cooper, sen. 
Christopher Clark 



734 Thomas Talboys 
Jofieph Wickes 

735 to 1741 The same 
742 Joseph Wickee 

Daniel Oatridge 

746 Thomas Butler 
John Saunders 

747 to 1752 The same 

754 Nathaniel Saunders 

John Ledgenham 

758 Joseph Wickes 
Samuel Saunders 

759 Robert Clark 
John Paul 

760 The same 

761 Joseph Wickes, jun. 
Thomas Pike 

762 Thomas Pike 
George White 

763 & 1764 The same 

765 Daniel Damsell 
William Fisher 

766 The same 

767 lliomas White 
Daniel Damsell 

1768 Thomas Oatridge 
Daniel Damsell 

1769 William TugweU 
Thomas Oatridge 

770 The same 

771 Hopeful Lockey 
Daniel Oatridge 

772 Josiah Paul Tippetts 
Walter W. Pike 

773 Edward Tugwell 
Wm. Ship. Osborne 

774 The same 

775 Thomas Cripps 
William Wood 


777 Robert Wight 
William Bamford 

778 The same 

782 Thomas White 
John Tugwell 

783 WiUiam Wood, jun. 
Samuel E. White 

784 Samuel White 
Richard Crooper 

785 Matthew P. Bamford 
John Rich 

786 The same 

787 Simon Rich 
T. Saunders 

788 Giles Pike 
Joseph Cooper 

789 Simon Oatridge 
T. F. Wickes 

790 The same 

791 Charles Wickes 


John Arundell 

1792 R. M. Warman 
Robert Warn 

1793 Jos^h Woodward 
Thomas Alexander 

1794 The same 

1795 Jeremiah Bainton 
Robert Bamford 

1796 Thomas Brookes 
Humphrey Tugwell 

1797 Jeremiah Wigmore 
James Hill 

1798 Thomas Hawkes 
George Hopkins 

1 799 Robert Clark Paul 
James Pickett 

1800 Thomas Spearing 
Timothy Shewing 

1801 WiUiam Oram 
William HoUidaj 

1802 R. M. Warman 
Simon Rich 

1803 Simon Rich 
Thomas Seymour 

1804 to 1806 The same 

1807 Joseph Wood 
Joseph Smith 

1808 Daniel Bennett 
H. A. Biedermann 

1809 & 1810 The same 

1811 Daniel Bennett 
John Cook 

1812 Thomas Pike 
John Wood 

1813 John Benjamin 
WilUam Rich 


1814 John Benjamin 

William Talboys 
1816 to 1818 The same 

1819 Jacob Wood 

. John Benjamin 

1820 John Benjamin 
Stiles Rich 

1821 Joseph Smith 
Stiles Rich 

1822 T. E. Biedermann 
Joseph Brookes 

1823 Joseph Brookes 
Henry White 

1824 John W. Biedermann 
John Allaway 

1825 The same 

1826 James R. Dacres 
John Allaway 

1827 James R. Dacres 
John Cook 

1828 James R. Dacres 
Charles Wickes 

1 829 Joseph Brookes 
Charles Wickes 

1830 The same 

1831 Charles Paul 
Samuel A. Saunders 

1832 & 1833 The same 

1834 Thomas Poulton 
William Tayler 

1835 to 1839 The same 

1840 Joseph Wood 
W. A. Glover 

1841 The same 

1842 H. E. Relton 
W. A. Glover 


1843 Jacob Wood 
W. A. Glover 

1844 George Clark 
Thomaa Ind 

1845 to 1847 TheBame 
1848 George Clark 

WilUam urn 

1849 Edwin Cook 
William Till 

1850 Edwin Cook 
Bidiard Barber 

1851 to 1855 The same 

1856 George Cave 
Joeiah T. Paul 

1857 The same 


The first FeofTees seem to have been appointed in 1632, 
when the town bought the Advowson and Market Tolls of 
Lord Berkeley. Their number must not exceed seven. 

1632 Bichard Talboys 

Gilbert Gastrell 

Bichard Boze 

Toby Chapman 
1683 John Sarage 

Jasper Chapman 

Charles Savage 

Francis Savage 

Giles Stedman 

John Thomas 

Christopher Harris 
1707 Matthew Wilkins, senr. 

Nathaniel Body, senr. 

Jonathan Shipton 

Samuel Saunders 
1714 Toby Mayo 
1718 Gilbert Gastrell 

Joseph Wickes 

George Wickes 

Nathaniel Cripps 

Giles Body, d. July 21, 
1721 Joseph Punter 

1738 Dec. 11, Samuel Saunders 
Francis Savage > 

1739 Nov. 15, Thomas Butler 
Joseph Wickes 
Charles Clarke, d. June 

8, 1743 

William Savage 

James Randolph 
1753 Samuel Saunders 

Thomas BuUer 

Joseph Wickes 

Christopher Clarke 
1778 Bev.T. Croome Wickes 

Samuel Saunders 

Robert Clark 

HopefoU Lockey 

Edward Tugwell 

1 When Bev. John Tnrner was appointed Vicar, these were the only EeofitBee. 


Thomas Pike, senr. 
1786 Wiltiam Fisher 
1790 Rev. John Savage 

Josiah Paul Paul 

Robert Clark 

Thomas Saunders 

William Byam 

Robert Wight 

William Wood, senr. 

1803 Thomas White, of Long 

Richard Cooper 

John Arundel 

Rev. Thos. F. Wickes 
1816 June 27, William Wood 

Charles Wickes 

John Paul Paul 

R. M. Warman 

1822 Nov. 28. Robert Clark Paul was appointed in lieu of 

William Wood, d. 

1823 Mar. 27, John Wood 

1828 June 26, Jacob Wood 

1829 Mar. 5, George Paul 
1829 Sept 17, Henry White 

1831 June 28, Joseph Overbury 

1832 Oct. 23, Stiles Rich 
1836 June 6, John Warn 
1836 Nov. 15, Charles Paul 
1838 Oct. 18, John Cook i 
1844 Oct24,WALTERMATTHEW8PAUL* Josoph Overbury, d. 

1844 Nov. 28, Joseph Wood " John Wood, d. 

1845 March 13, Fredssick B. Whifb > R. M. Warman, d. 

1846 Nov. 20, William Tatleb > Charles Paul, d. 

1850 Jan. 15, Thomas Poulton Jacob Wood, d. 

1851 April 15, Joseph Hughes ' Thomas Poulton, d. 
1856 Nov. 11, Cthus Crew > Robt. C. Paul, d. 

Rd. Cooper, d« 
J. P. Paul, d. 
Rev. T. F. Wickes, d. 
George Paul, d. 
Henry White, d. 
Thomas White, d. 
Stiles Rich, d. 
Charles Wickes. d. 
John Warn, d. 


1592 Roberte Walker 
1596 Edward Carter 
1602 Henry Chapman 


Satncs I. 

1604 John Driver 

1605 Edmund Estcourte 
1608 George Mayo 

> The present Feoflees. 


1609 John Savage 

1610 Edward Chapman 

1615 Henry Majo 

1616 William Tanner 
1623 Robert Sperke 
1625 Robert Hibbert 

Cfiatks I. 

1629 Richard Hooper 

1630 John Driver 
1683 Arthur Tanner 
1638 Richard Boxe 
1641 William Denning 


1650 Obadiah Arrowamith 

1654 John Undrill 

1657 Obadiah Arrowsmith 

1660 Obadiah Arrowemith 
1662 Daniel Perkins 
1 676 Moses Wickes 

WUaium Mh 
1688 Nathaniel Body 
1690 John Carpenter 
1693 Robert Wright 
1695 Edward Teakle, junr. 
1698 William Tanner 
(Quttn %mt. 
1705 Gilbert Gastrell 
ffieotge M. 
1753 Henry Crowther 

ffieotge IIS. 

1778 Robert Clark 

1779 William Bennett 
1787 1 William Wood, sen. 

788 Robert Wight 

789 William Byam 

790 Thomas Wight 

791 WiUiam Wood, jun. 

792 Simon Rich 

793 James Dalby 

794 John Bowdler 

795 Joseph Cooper 

796 John Arundel 

797 Robert Warn 

798 Charles Wickes 

799 Thomas Hancock 

800 H. H. Sloper 

801 John Paul Paul 

802 R. M. Warman 

803 Robert Clark Paul 

804 Thomas Seymour 

805 William Butt 

806 WiDiam Wood, jun. (2) 

807 Simon Rich 

808 Robert Warn (2) 

809 Charles Wickes (2) 

810 John Paul Paul (2) 

811 R. M. Warman (2) 

812 Thomas Seymour (2) 

813 Joseph Wood 

814 John Wood 

815 Jacob Wood 

816 George Paul 

817 Henry White 

818 Joseph Overbury 

819 J. W. Biedermann 

CErfCitfie lU. 
1820 William Brookes 

1 IVom this date the List is complete ; the names before this are correct 
as far as they go, hot from want of authorities it was impossible to fonn 
a complete list. 


1821 Stiles Rich 

1838 Cyrus Crew 

1822 John Warn 

1839 John Ralph 

1823 Joseph Brookes 

1840 Thomas WitcbeU (2) 

1824 Charles Paul 

1841 Walter M. Paul (2) 

1825 John Cook 

1842 Joseph Wood (2) 

1826 Thomas Witchell 

18r43 J. B. Williams 

1827 Richard Filkin 

1844 William Tayler (2) 

1828 Robert Bamford 

1845 J. G. Goodwyn 

1829 Walter M. Paul 

1846 Maurice Maskelyne 

nStUtam W, 

1847 William Brookes 

1830 Joseph Wood 

1848 John Cook, jun. 

1831 F. B. White 

1849 Edwin Cook 

1832 William Tayler 

1850 George Clark 

1833 Benjamin Wood 

1851 William Williams 

1834 John Brown 

1852 Isaac WitcheU 

1836 John Warn 

1853 Cyrus Crew (2) 

1836 Thomas Poulton 

1854 J. G. Goodwyn (2) 

C^utm UtctoTta. 

1855 WiUiam Brookes (2) 

1837 Joseph Hughes 

1856 Edwin Cook (2) 

List of Schoolmastebs. 

1642 Thomas Tully, afterwards Principal of S. Edmund Hall, 

1678 Henry Heaven, was buried 20th August. 
1698 Rev. Christopher Hanley, M.A. 
1703 Mr. Hall, buried June 5th. 

Rev. John Lewis. 
1721 Rev. Heniy Wightwick, d. Nov. 22, 1763. 
1764 Rev. John Richardes, afterwards Lecturer and Vicar. 
1786 Robert Williams. 
1789 Rev. J. Evans. 
1791 Rev. Lancaster Dodgson. 

At the beginning of this century, the School (with the exception of Mrs. 
Hodge's scholars,) ceased till 16S6, from want of funds. 

1836 J. W. KeiUer, the present Schodmaster. 




(South Cloister.) 
HicjacetFBAMCiscus Sayaob, 
Filios Gnaltieri Savage de Brod- 
way in Com. Wigorn. Armig. qai obi- 
it 20 die March Ano. Domini 1671. 
Mau ta ^ uxor ejus filia Edmon- 

di Estoonrt, gen., obiit 26° 
die August, Anno Domini 1645 
J.a 1689. 
C.S. 1760. 
J.CS. 1836. 
M.S. Feb. 7th, 1842. 
J.S. 1803. 
C.S. 1846. 

Here lyeth the body 

of Vramqib Sataob, 

late of this place, gent, 

who departed this life 

the seyenteenth day 

of April, in the year 

of our Lord 1740, 

aged 63 years. 

are interred the mortal remains 


Sabab, wifb of William Savage 

of this town, gent, 

who died the 19th day 

of July. 1767, 

aged 73. 

William Savagb died 15th Octr. 


aged 84. 

C. S. 1847. 

(South side of East wall, on a mar- 
ble slab.) 


JoBAMXiB Sayaos, Arm. 

Qui e vita cessit 

Deoembris 19, 

A.D. 1772, 

^tatis suie 63. 

Framoibcub Sataob, Gen. 

Obiit Oct' 17, A.D. 1769, ^t 54. 



Obiit Nov. 14, A.D. 1777, ^t 69. 

Elbabora Sataob 
Obiit Aug. 6, A.D. 1763, JEL 49. 

(South side of the Altar.) 


Viri, innocui, probi, pii, 
qui vixit annos LIX. 
Obut XyiL Mart MDOCCm. 


(North wall of South Cloister.) 
Near this tablet 
Lies interred the body of 
JoHV Claxtoh Sayagb, B.A. Oriel 

ColL Oxfords 

eldest son of John and Rachel Savage, 

of this place, and of Henleaze, 

in this Coanty. 

Ho died at Oxford the 80th of Jany., 


Aged 23 years. 

** What I do thon knowest not now, 

" Uut thoa Shalt know hereafter." 

(Sonth Cloister.) 



only daughter of 

John and Rachel Savage, 

who died at Henleaze, 

Februaiy 7th, 1842, 

aged 18 years. 

** The Lord knoweth those that are 


(South side of East wall) 

Sacred to the memory 

Of Maet Dbaoon, 

Of Elmestree, in thif parish; 

Who died February S3rd, 1769, 

Aged 84 yean. 

And to the memory 

Of Tbomab, her father. 

And Mabt, her mother. 

And Mart, his second wife, 

who died August 14th, 1745, ^t. 78. 

Also Jamks, son of Gilbert 

and Anne Gastrell, 

who died Jan. 12th, 1749, ML 60. 

Also Mast, his wife, 
who died March 12th, 1774, JEL 77. 

And GiLBBBT, their son, 
who died July 19th, 1747, ML 24. 

Also Jambs Dalbt, genu, 

who married Jane, their daughter, 

and died Novr. 6th, 1773, ^t. 51. 

And Mart, daughter of the said 

James and Jane Dalby, 
who died Deer. 6tb, 1775, Ml 25. 

And Jambs, their son, 
who died Aug. 29, 1794, Mi. 37. 

Jakb Dalby, widow, 

died December 1 8th, 

l785,J9St. 65. 

Mabt Gastbbll, spinster, 

her sister, died Sept. 3rd, 

1789, Ml 65. 
Their bodies are deposited 

in the North Cloister, 

with Abh, theur sister, 

who died Novr. 6th, 1801, 

iEt 63. 

Elizabbtb, daughter 

of Thomas Berkeley, Esq., 

dyed Jany. 27, 1753, 

Aged 81. 

(North side of Bast waR) 

Near this place lie the remains 

of GiLDBBT Gastbbll, gent, 

who died Deer. 6th, 1782, ML 70. 

Also Anmb, his wife, daughter 

of William Savage, Esq., 

who died July I8tb, 1695, iEt 34. 

(North side of the Altar.) 

To the memory of 

Josbfm WiGKBS, gent. 

And EuzABBTH, his wife. 

He died Jany. 17th ) & aged 70 

She died Aug. 15th $ I aged 64 

And also of their son. 



late Vicar of this pariah, 

who diod March 3l8t» 1786, aged 60; 

and is buried with his father 

and mother, on the North side 

of this Chnrch. 

Joseph Wickbs, gent., 
died August 2l8t, 1771. ^t. 60. 

Eleanob Wickjis, Spr., 
died January 13th, 1788, JFa, 49. 

Am Bdtt, widow, 
died March 19th, 1791, ^t. 49. 

Their bodies are deposited 

under a tomb in the North 

part of this Church yard. 

(North wall of South Cloister.) 

To the memory of 

Arabella Botd Dacees, 

wife of Captain Dacres, of the Royal 

Nary, and 

daughter of General Sir Hew 

Daliymple, Bart 

She departed this life on the 11th 

April, 1828, 

in the d6th year of her age; 

having ever acquitted herself 

of her duties to the husband, and 

the nine children she has left, 
in a manner the most exemplary. 

(South waD of South Cloister.) 

In memory of 

Jambs Richard Dacrbs, Esqre. 

Vice- Admiral of the Red Squadron, 

who died at Catisfield Lodge, Hants, 

on the 4th December, 1853» 

aged 64 years. 

AJso of his son, 

Jaxbs Richard Daorbs, Esqre., 

Commanding H.1IC. sloop Nimrod, 

who died at Mozambique, on the 

14th February, 1848, 

aged 37 years. 

And of his youngest son. 

Hew Dalrtmple Dacrbs, Esqre. 

Lieut in H.M. 67th Begt, 

who died at sea, on his passage from 

Barbadees, llth July, 1835, 

aged 21 years. 

(Near the last door of the South 

Cloister, on an oval brass.) 


lyeth the body of 

Sarah, the wife of 

Cbristr.* Clarit, 

who departed this life ye 

31 St day of January, 

AnnoDom. 1737, 



(North side of East wall.) 
wife of Robert Chirk, 
died September 29th, 1755, 

aged 23 years. 

Esther, his second wife, 

died May 8th, 1794, 

aged 75 years. 

Robert Clark, gent, 

died January 16th, 1795, 

aged 62 yean. 

(South Cloister.) 

Tbohab Cripfs, Esqre., 

of Upton, in this parish, 

died Deer. 19th, 1803, 

aged 77. 

Masoaebt Cripp^ relict 

of the above T. Cripps, 

died Feby. 22nd, 1797, 

aged 66. 

Mart Cripps, 


died Octr. 22nd, 1796, 

aged 68. 

John Cuffs, Esqre., 

Died Feby. 1201, 1818, 

aged 88. 

(South side of the Altar.) 

Sacred to the memory of 

four children of 
George & Atice White: 
RiGHAmD Talbots, who died Feb- 
ruary 13th, 1774, 
aged 8 months. 
Thouab Ck>LTHirs8i; who died June 
dOth, 1775, 
aged 4 months. 
AuGB Talbots, who died 
June 5th, 1779, aged 6 months. 
And Gkoaoi, who died January 
28rd, 1788. 
aged 17 years. 
And also of the said Aucb, wife of 
the aboTe-mentioned George White, 
who died Deer. 6th, 1794, 
aged 58 years. 
Also Mr. GaoROB Whitb, Att. at 
Law, died Deer, 4th, 1807, 
aged 74 years. 

(North Cloister.) 

In memory of Elizabbtb Whitb, 


who died Deer. 6tb, 1827, 

aged 74. 

Mamma Axx Pitt, 

niece of the aboTe, 

Died Janoary 10, 1841, 

aged 68 years. 


Died April 24th, 1846, 
aged 68 years. 

(West walL) 

Ibaao Bbrkbt, Esqre., 
died 21st November, 1815, 

aged 68. 

Dakul Bbbbbt, Esqre., 

of this town, died ICarch 12th, 1821, 


Martha, his wife, 

died Feby. 20th, 1821, 

aged 63. 

Sacred to the memory of 

JosBPH Otbbburt, 

who died 7th Oct, 1844, 

aged 64 years. 

Elizabbtb, wife of 

Joseph Overbury, 

died September 25th, 1832. 

aged 50 years. 

Harribttb Sarah 

Dayies, died Not. 6th, 1842, 

aged 52 years. 

(On a brass plate in the S. Cloister.) 

Sacred to the memory 

of Hbrrt Bajcford, son of 

Bob. and Dorothea Bamford, 

of Newhoose, in the parish of Stroud, 

who died Jan. 13. 1832,iigod 5 years. 

Also of 

Maria Bamford, their daughter, 

who died May 4th, 1832, aged 1 year. 

Also of Sdward, son of the aforesaid 

Robert and Dorothea Bamford, 

of Newhottse, Stroud; he died Aug. 

13th, 1836, 

aged 3 years and 8 months. 

Also of TsABBfj.A, daughter of 

Robert & Dorothea Bamford, 

of the Lammas, Minchinhampton, 

who died 5th Jany., 1855, 

aged 26 yearn 


In memory of 

Joseph Smiitb, 

who departed this life 

December 4th, 1834, 

aged 6S years. 

Also of 

MiAT Smith, spinster, 

who died August Ist, 1845, 

aged 79 years. 

(North side of East wall) 
to the Memory 


Mart Suxmsbs, 

who died 21st March, 1826, 

aged 85. 

Sacred to the memory of 

Thoxas Fxshbr, 

of the Orange, in this parish, Qent, 

who died November 12th, 1736, 

aged 63 yean. 

And of Am, his wifSe, 

who died Juno 10th, 1756, aged 

69 years. 

And of BfAKT, their daughter, 

who died Fsbruary 9th, 1744, aged 

28 years. 

Their remains are deposited 

in the North Cloister. 

In memory of Mart, 

wife of William Fisher, 

who died November 28th, 1795, 

aged 66 years. 

William Fi8HiB,gent, 

died February 27, 1807, 

aged 79 years. 


daughter of Thomas 

and Ann Fisher, 

of the Grange, 

in this parish, 

died Feby. 9th, 1744, 

aged 28. 

Sacred to the memory of 

Thomas Fishbb Btam, gent., 

who departed this life 

June 16th, 1810, 

aged 26 years. 

Also An, his wife, who died Juno 

12th, 1843, 

aged 67 years. 

(South Wall of South Cloister.) 
SiMOK Oatridob, Esq., 
died Febniaiy 6, 1801, 

aged 61 years. 

Mart, his wife, 
died December 24, 1792, 

aged 46 years. 

(South Cloister.) 


the memory of 

Darirl Oatridob, 

of Doughton, in this parish, 

who died March 7th, 1771, 

aged 72 years. 

Also of 

Maroarbt, his wife, 

who died April dOth, 1741, 

aged 35 years. 

Mart Oatridob, 

wife of 

Simon Oatridge, gent, 

of Doughton, in this parish, 

Obiit Deer. 24(h, 1792, 


ObiitFeby. 6th, 1801, 
JEL 61. 


Masoabbt Gsjltrbll, 

died April Ist, 1783, 


Dahixl OatbxdoMj gent, 

died Match IStb, 1787, 

aged 53. 

Mabt, hia relict, 

died Biarch 13th, 1806, 

aged 73. 

(South side of Bast wall.) 
Sacred to the memory 
of JoBR Paul, Eeqre., 
who died Se]>tember, 1787, 

aged 80. 

And of Sabah, his wife, 

who died Aagnst S8th, 1796. 

aged 83. 

Also of li^BT, his sister, 

Belict of John Gethin, gent., 

who died Aagnst 8nd, 1788, 

aged 72. 


died February 18th, 1741, aged 41. 

Hbstkb, his wife, sister of John 

FWil, Esqre., 

died April 16th, 1788, 

aged 64. 

JoBiAB Paul Paih:^ Esq., 

died September 83rd« 1797, 

aged 48 years. 

EsTHBB, his daughter, died February 

10th, 1778, 

aged 8 months. 

JoBiAB, his son. 

Lieutenant in the 69th Begt of FooL 

died in the serrice of his country, 

at the Helder, on the coast of Holland, 

September a8th, 1799, 

aged 80 years. 

Mabt, relict of Josiali Paul Poul, 


died January 13th, 1814, 

aged S!i years. 

Sacred to the memory of 
the BcTd. Saxubl Paul Paul, 

late Vicar of this parish, 
Obt. 29th July, 1828, ML 47. 
*' Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ, 
** And thou shalt be saved." 

Acts, chap. 16, verse 31. 

Sacred to the memory of 

JoBK Paul Paul, Esqre., 

who died the 10th of June, 1828, 

aged 55. 

Also of JoHH Paul, Esqre., 

his eldest son, 

who died the 13th of Octr., 1817, 

aged 22. 

Abo of ACabt, relict of 

John Paul Paul, Esqre., 

who died the 6th day of Octr., 1843, 

aged 73. 

Alfbsd Johh Paul, Esqre., 

Commander R.N., 

sixth son of Robert Clait Phnl, Esqre. 

of this town, 

bom llth January, 1811, 

died 18th August, 1845. 

He entered the Naval Service 

in January, 1824; 

was midshipman of the Dartmouth, 

at Navarino, 
and Flag Lieutenant in the Wellesley, 
at the taking of Chusnn,aDd in the 

operations against Canton 

and subsequent capture of that city, 

in the year 1841 ; 


for which serrioe he obtained 

his promotion. 

ThiB tablet is erected by his brothers 

as a token of the sincere love 
and afibctton which they bore him. 

(North side of East wall) 

In memory of 

Cbabubs William Paul, 


seTcnth son of Robert Clark Panl, 


bom 13th Feby.» 1813, 

died 14th March, 1854. 

(Soath Cloister.) 

HARRnm Fbamptok, 

January 18, 1851. 


(North Cloister.) 

Willuk Wood 

died June 25th, 1799, 

aged 7S. 

Hajihab, his wife, 

died Hay 7th, 1787, 

aged 55. 

Sabah Wood 

died NoTT. 83rd, 1832, 

aged 72. 

William Wood 

died Nov. 2, 1822, 

aged 65. 

Elubabbtb, his wife, 

died Sepr. 23rd, 1827, 

aged 73. 

William Wood 

died Oct 2nd, 1834, 

aged 51. 

(Sonth Wall of North Cloister.) 

Sacred to the memory of 

Jacob Wood, Esqre., 

who departed this lifeDecr.3l8t,l849, 

aged 65. 

(South Cloister.) 


memory of 

JoBH Lbtall, 

who died Deer. 17, 1830, 

aged 62 years. 

(North wall of Sonth Cloister.) 

In memoiy 


Thomas Albtahdkb, 

a loTer of learning, truth, and virtue, 

who died December 4th, 1806, 

aged 68 years. 

And of Anv, his wife, 

who died Janoaiy 3rd, 1804, 

aged 74 years. 

Search the Scriptures in hope oi 

glory, honour, and immortality. 


died June 17th, 1808, 

aged 66 years. 

Sarah, his wife, 

died Septr. 1st, 1814, 

aged 80 yean. 

In memory of 

Amh Clusold, 

died May 8th, 1808, 

JEL 82. 
Maxt, daughter of 

Ann Clissold, 

died Oct. 11th, 1806, 

Mi, 49. 


(Floor of West Cloister.) 
In memory of 


who died December, 

aged 35. 

Also of Gharlbs Pike, 

who died Oct 1 5th, 

Also of ELiacABBTH and 

Crahlotts, daughters of 

Thomas and Sarah Pike, 

who died in their infancy. 

Thomas Pikb, 

died Feby. 2drd, 1813, 

aged 63 years. 

Sarah, wife of 

Thomas Pike, 

died Feby. 16th, 1819, 

aged 63 years. 

(Soath side of East wall, on a marble 

To the memory of 

Waltbx Wiixshibx Pikr, 

Commander Boyal Navy, 

son of the late 

Thomas and Sarah Pike, 

of this parish. 

He died at Bristol, Deer. 7th, 1849, 

aged 64. 

And his remains lie Interred 

within this Church. 

Captain Pike senred as lienteoant 

in the Earyalns frigate, 

at the e?er-memorable battle of 


and was not less respected in his 

profession as an ofllcer, 

than he was esteemed by a large 

circle of friends 

in private life as a gentleman. 

(West wall of the Chnrch, on a 

marble slab.) 

In a Tanlt in the Church yard 

lies interred the remains 

of Hbmhy Harybt, 

wife of Samuel Clay Harvey, Esqr., 

of Cooling, in the county of Kent, 

who died the 81st of November, 1789, 

aged 53 years. 

In memory of whom 

this monument is erected. 

In the same vault are interred 

the remains of 

Samubl Clat Harybt, Esqre., 

who died the 18th of February, 1791, 

aged 75 years. 

Also of Joseph Coopxb, 

brother of the said Henny Harvey. 

He died the 16th of Jannaiy, 1798, 

aged 50 years. 


to the memory of Mabia, 

the wife of Samuel Albin Saunders, 

formerly of Upton Orove, 

in this parish, Esqre., 

who was bom on the 11th of August, 


and died at Hastings, on the 28th of 

Kay, 1859. 

Also of their children, 

Saxitbl Allbx Saokdbbs, 

who was bom on the 93rd of March, 

and died on the 1st of November 


And of Ro6A ICaria Saundbbs, 

who was bom on the 97th of April, 


and died in London, 

on the 28th of April, 1850. 


(North iide of the Cbnrchjftrd.) 
To the memory of Anr Brookbb, 
daughter of Williem ft £liua>eth 

departed thit life SOth day of Novr. 


aged seTenteen yeara^ ten months, 

three weeks, and three days. 

To the memory 


Tbos. Bbookbs, son of William 


Elisabeth Brookes, of Slmestree, 

in this parish, 


departed this life SOth Jany., 1806, 

aged SI years. 

To the memory of 

JoHH Brookes, son of 

William & Elisabeth Brookes, 

of Ebnestree, in this parish, 

died Augost Ist, 1810, 

aged 25 years. 

To the memory 


Mart Bro<ikb0, spinster, 

of Ebnestree, in this parish, 


departed this life S4th Jane, 1805, 

aged 64 years. 

To the memory of 

Thos. BROOKxa, of 

Elmestreo, in this parish, 


who departed this life 

the nth dayof Febmary, 1812, 

aged 83 years. 

To the memory of 

Elisabstii, wife of 

William Brookes, 

of Elmestree, in this parish, 

who departed this life, Jane S8, 1821, 

aged 68 years. 
From yonth thrtmgh life not free 

from worldly eare^ 
Yet harmless as the Dore her man- 
ners were: 
She held that FtUA on earth to 

Christians gtTen, 
In hope to merit a reward in Hbjitrr. 

William Beookbs, 


March 21, 1825^ aged 85 jrears. 

** The righteons shall be had in 

everlasting remembranoe." 

to the memory of 


son of 

Will, and Elisth. A. Brookes, 

of New Street Square, London, 

who died the S5th of Jane, 18S4, 

aged five months. 

Sacred to the memory of 
J06RPB Brookss, of Elmestree, 

in this parish, 
who died Ang. IS, 1832, 

aged 40 years. 




The following particulars respecting the Public Officers of 
the Town will be found useful for reference : 

Fboffkbs who arb also Lobds or thb Mahob. 
John Cook Elected October 16, 1838. 

Walter Matthews Paul 
Joseph Wood 
Frederick B. White 
William Tayler 
Joseph Hnghcs 
Cyrus Crew 


October 24, 1844. 
NoTember S8, 1844. 
Ifarch 13, 1845. 
Noyember 20, 1846. 
April IS, 1851. 
Norember 11,1856. 

BaOUfffw 1856-7. Edwin Cook. 

Thomas WitchoU 
Richard Filkin, M.D. 
Benjamin Wood 
John Brown 
John Gale Ooodwjn 
Manrice Maskeljnc 
William Brookes 
John Cook, jnn. 
Edwin Cook 
Qeorge Clark 
William Williams 
Isaac Witehell 
Waiiam Warner 

Tomn CkrlL 



Elected November 9, 1824. 

n Angnst 8, 1826. 

Augast 21, 1832. 
October 30, 1832. 
October 31, 1844. 
December 5, 1846. 
March 20, 1845. 
December 3, 1846. 
July 13, 1848. 
Jannary 22, 1850. 
May 30, 1850. 
April 22, 1851. 
November 20, 185& 

Josiah T. Paul, elected 1831. 







SoHeiior$. Measn. Josiah T. and Robert C. Paul, Long Street 

ICr. William Maskelyne, Long Street 
Surgetmg. John C. Wickham, BID., M.R.C.S^ Hill Hovsc. 
John Hole, M.R.C.S., Silver Street 
William WiUiams, IIRCS., Market Place. 
BoMkart, Ckmntj of Gloncester Bank. Joeoph Wood, Manager. 

London Bankers. Glyn and Co. 
dark to the MagUirateM. Josiah T. Paul 
Clerk to ike Ouardiaiu. William Maskeljme. 
BeHeving OJfieet. Daniel W. Smith, The Workhooso. 
Tcntm Crier, John Smith, The Chipping. 
Natiomal SckooL Matter, John W. Keiller. 

Miatreee, Mrs. Bobinson. 
Unitm WorkhoMwe. Maator, Daniel W. Smith. 

MUtrtMM, Mrs. Susannah T. Smith. 
PbUee Station, Market PUce. William Wood, Sergeant 
Savingi Bank, The Chipping, (Francis Brown, Actoaiy,) open on Wed- 
nesdays ftom 12 to I. 
HoteU. The White Hart R Bannister. 

The Talbot James Webb. 
Stan^ Office, John G. Goodwyn, Sab-distributor, Long Street 
Tke Literary InsHtittitm, Church Street B. C. Paul, Esq., Hon. Sec 
Pariek (^wrck (S, Marj^e), Services. Sundays, 11 a.m. and 6 p.m. 

Daily at 8 a.m., except Wednesdays, 
Fridays, and Holy Days, when it 
is 11 a.m. 
S, Savumr*s ( Ckapei of Ease). Sundays, 11 a.m. and 3 p.nL 

Daily at 4*30 p.m. 
Omnibue, Every day, at 9*15, to the Tetbnry Boad Station (distant 
6| miles,) returning at 1*50 p.m. James Coventry, Church 
Street, Proprietor. 
Poet Office, F. Home, Postmaster. 

London MaUe, Arrive at 6*15 a.m. and 3 p.m. 

Dispatched at 9 a.m. and 6*30 p.m. 
Box closes at 8*30 a.m. and 5*30 p.m. 
The North and Stroud, Arrives at 8 a.m. 

Dispatched at 4*30 p.m. 
Box closes at 3*30 p.m. 
Mdtaey orders issued from 9 a.m. to 5*30 p.m., except from 
3 to 4*30 p.m. 



Aleundar, ThoniM 

Anudell, John 




Bttfcdsr. SUntefli 

Brooks, Ann 




TbomMM (i) 





Biitt» Ann 

Byam, J. F. 




Gooper, Joieph 
Cltppt, ThomM 






DiCiM, A. B. 

J. R., (9) 



• • 









0eioon, tfftry 


Flaher, lliomaa 



Mary (8) 

Fnunpton, HArriette 

GaitrbD, Oiltert 





QMkivU, ICirguet 

HirrtT, B> 


Oatridge» ainum 


Offlilnifft Jonph 


Samuel P. 
John P. 

A2fiped J. 

Pike, W. W. 







lb 809 

Pike, Charlotte 

Pitt, M. A. 

flamden, Maria 

flange, Francla 








John (8) 


Maria (i; 

Staath, Joeeph 

Bwmiuew, Mary 

TIppetta, Richard 

White, Eliaa 




Wkkaa, Joaeph 
T. Croone 
Joeeph (2> 

Wood, WnUam 


William (9) 


• m 



• • 









Accident whilst burying a corpse in Meeting Hoose, 1728 

Acres, number of, in Tetbnry parish, now and at the Conquest 

AdTowson, particulars respecting the . . . 

Age, old, remarkable instances of, from Burial Register, 1 760 

Abr of Tetbury, great salubrity of . 

Alexander's, Thomas, Charity 

Alms House, the . 

Aluric, Lord of Telbury, temp. Edward the Confessor 

Antiquities discovered at Tetbuiy . 

Arable, proportion of, to pasture land in the parish 

Arbitration, deed of, itmp, Edward IV., by Bishop of 

Assembly Booms .... 

Avery's, John, Charity 


Bailiff, duties of, and derivation of the name 

Bailiffs, list of, from 159S . . 

Bath Bridge, built in 1774—1776 . 

Bells in the Parish Church, account of 

Berkeleys, Lord, the, Lords of Tetbury 

Bisse, Philip, Bishop of Hereford, life of 

Bishops of Gloucester ftom 1541 . 

Bordarii, number of, at Tetbury, mentioned in Domesday 

, Social condition of, 11; Number in Gloucestershire leiiip< 

William L . . n. 11 

Bosel, first Bishop of Worcester . . n. 7 

Braose, De, the. Lords of Tetbuiy, 61 s Braose, William De, Manor of 
Tetbury granted him by Henry L, 16; had a fair at Tetbuiy 1287, 
17; Braose, Thomas De, had a fair at Tetbury 1351 . 18 

Braose and Berkeley families, pedigree shewing connection of . n. 71 

Braose, De, history of the family of . .61-71 

Bridge, Wiltshire, the ...... 50 

Brookes, the. Lords of Elmestree .86 

Brookes*, William, Charity . .173 


Carpenter, John, Dr. Bishop of Worcester 1444—1476, account of . n. 99 

Carucate, number of acres in a . .10 

26 & n. 27 










Castle, Tetbury, mentioned by Camden, 3; besieged by Robert, Earl 
of Gloucester, for the Empress Mand, 1113 

Carta R. de Berkeley .... 

Chancery scheme for regulation of Tetbury charities 

Chancery suits respecting rebuilding of Parish Church 

Charities in Tetbury old Church, 96; Charity endorsed by William 
de Waltres, &c. 

Charities, account of the Tetbury Charities . 

Charles L visits the Town . 

Charles II. visits the Town on his way to Bath 

Charlton, hamlet of, description of, 55; Lords of the Manor, history of 

Charters rehiting to Tetbury, 264; of King Ethelred to Malmesbury 
Abbey, 264; of Reginald de S. Walerick to Eynesham Abbey, 
265; of Bernard de S. Walerick to R. de Berkeley, 266; of 
Thomas de S. Walerick to Ejmesham Abbey, 267 ; of Edward 
lY. of Manor of Elmestree to Westbury College 

Chipping, the Street leading to, widened 

Chipping, the, account of . 

Chronological events, list of, connected with Tetbury . 

Churchwardens' accounts, extracts from 

Cistercian Order, when founded, early progress in England . 

Cistercian Monks, Abbey of, at Tetbury 

Civil Wan, Tetbury during the . 

Clark's, Esther, Charity ..... 

Coins, Roman and English, found at Tetbury 

Commission for admitting the Rev. D. Norris to Tetbury Vicarage 

Com Market, account of . 

Corporation, by what means it may be dissolved 

Cotes of Woodcote, their descent from De Braose of Tetbury 


Davies, Richard, Rev. Vicar of Tetbury, consecrates colors of Tetbury 
and Horsley Volunteers, 1805 . 

Davies, Scrope Berdmore, life of 

Deacons, the, of Elmestree . 

Deeds respecting the Alms House 

Description of the present state of the Town 

De Stonor^s, the, of Doughton 

Dispensary, Tetbury, the 

Dissenter's Chapels . 

Dobuni, the, ancient inhabitants of Gloucestershire 

Domesday Book, account of Manor of Tetbury in 
■ description of various titles of 

Doughton, hamlet of, 53; History of Lords of the Manor 

Robert de Doughton .... 
Ducie's, the. Lords of Manor of Upton, 80; hiiU vf Charlton 

of, 76 
















n. 17 












n. 7 



Electors for the County in the pariih of Tetbniy .50 

Ebnestree, description of, 54; aoooiiut of Lords of the Manor of 84 

Elton's, Charles, Charity .163 

Estoonrt's, Thomas, Sir, Charity, 160} Estconrt of Esteoort^ histoiy of 
the finnily of, 196; William, Warden of New College 14S4, 
n, 197; Sir William, aoconnt of death of, a. SOI; l^jor*Oeneral 
James Bncknall, life of, 204; Bztracto from Begister of Shipton 
Moyne respecting the family of, 246; from Long Newnton Be* 
gisters ..••..•• 948 

Fairs of the Town . .34 

Feoflbes^ the Seven, Lords of the lianor, 33; List of, since 1688, 998 ; 

the present ..••.•• 311 
Ffoiren, the, land oo which Tetbnry is built, ibrmeriy called . . 16 

Fossils found in and about Tetbuy. 254-857 

Frankpledge, Tiew of, meaning of . • • n. 17 

Gastrell's, Gilbert, Charity, 167; Gastrell's, Ann, Charity . .170 

Gastrell family, the, extracts from Parish Begister respecting the 843 

Geology of Tetbnxy, notes on .... . 861 

Gesta Stephani, written by Bobert de Bee • • . a. 13 

Gloucester, See of, founded by Henry YIIL 1641, 7; list of Bishops 

of, from that date . . .887 

Gore, Thomas, the antiquary, short life of • .189 

Government of the town • . .32 

Grange, the, account of . • .86 

Grant of William de Breuse of free pasture in the North Hayes, 1291 268 

Bide, number of acres in a . • . .10 


Highway robbery, desperate, near Tetbury, 1 763 

IGstory of fiuniUes connected with the Town 

Hodges, Elizabeth, Charity, 165; Trustees to, 166; augmentation of 

Holford of Weston Birt, account of fiunily of 

Hotels, principal in Tetbuxy .... 

Howe's, Mary, Charity ..... 

Huntleys, the. Lords of the Manor of Upton and Charlton • 

Huntley of Boxwell Court, account of family of 

James n. passed through Tetbury .... 
Jenners, the. Lords of Manor of Ebnestree . 
Ind, Ambrose, old . 

Inquisition under statute for charitable uses, held at Tetbuiy 1586 
Institute, literaiy, the • . • . • 

Inscriptions on Christian monuments, thoughts on 
■ on monuments in the Parish Church 




Ireri, Roger, de 

Ludlow's, Eleanor, Charity 
Ludlow's, Sarah, Charity 


Magdalen Meadow spring ..... 

Magistrates serving on Petty Sessions at Tetbory 

Manors, Lords of the, histoiy of . 

Markets ...•..• 

Mary Magdalen, S.. the Parish Church dedicated to • 

Massie, Colonel, attacks Malmesbnry during the Civil Wars . 

Matilda de Long Spee, Lady of the Manor . 

Mercia divided into five dioceses .... 

Monastery, Saxon, at Tetbury, A.D. 680; Cistercian, founded ten^ 

Henry IIL . . . • • 

Monuments, remarkable, in old and present Parish Church 
— ^— ^ Inscriptions on all the, in Parish Church. 
Mops, or fairs for hiring servants 
Murder of a child at Tetbury by its mother, 1777 • 

Officers of Tetbury Volunteers, 1803 
Oldham the poet, short life of 
Olney's, Lieutenant-Colonel, Charity 
Orade, County, The, and Political Intelligencer, 1797 
Ordinances of Tetbury School, 1623. 

Parish Church, particulars respecting the old, 94; Chantries in old, 96 

rebuilding o( 102; present state of, 108; monuments in 
Parishes in the Deanery of Stonehonse 
Parish Begisters, curious extracts fh>m 
Paul's, Sarah, Charity 
Pauls, the. Lords of Manor of Doughton 
Paul of Highgrove, account of family of 
Parliament, Ust of Acts of; connected with the Town 
Pickett's, James, Charity . 
Plague, the, rules for prevention of, 1666 
Poor-rates, amount o^ in 1855 
Population of Tetbury 
Ponlton's, lliamaa. Charity . 
Priory, the. Dr. Bamett's Paper to Boyal Society on 
Public Bolls, extracts fWnn, relating to Tetbury 

Quo warranto, nature of a writ of . 

Bailway projected in 1889 . 

who they were and the duties assigned them 
































Redchenisters, number in Gloucestershire temp, WiUiam I. . . n. 11 

Begisterv, Parish, particulars respecting, 128; extracts from . .127 

Re-grant of Reginald de firahns of liberties of Tetbuiy . . 269 

— — John de Brause of h » . • 269 

Romnej, William, Sir, benefoctions of, 159; inscription on monument 

of, 150; extract from will of . .279 

Rttdhalls, the, celebrated bell-founders, account of . .n. 110 

Rules of the Society for.rebuilding Parish Church . .105 

Sadleir, Ralph, Sur, Lord of Elmestree tea^. Henry YIIL 85 

Savage, the fiimily of, account of, 228; extracts from Parish Register 

respecting ....... 239 

S. Saviour's Chapel of Ease, description of . . .113 

Schools, the, when first founded, 177; Mrs. Hodges augmentation of 

them, 178; ordinances of, 1623, 179; new Schools built 1836, 181 ; 

enlarged 1850, 182; present state, 183; salaries of Master and 

Mistress, 183; lives of celebrated persons educated at . .184 

Schoolmasters, list of, from 1642 ..... 301 
Servi, number of in Gloucestershire temp, William I. . n. 1 1 

Shipton's, Jonathan, Charity . . .163 

Siward, Lord of Tetbury temp, Edward the Confessor 7 

Sloper's, Biatthew, Charity . . .167 

Small-pox, Tetbury visited with severe attack of, 1710 . 25 

Shipton Moyne, extracts from Register of, respecting Estcourt family. 246 
Springs rising in Tetbury parish . . .39 

Summers's, Mary, Charity . .173 


Extracts from Parish Re^sters 

. 244 

. 162 

• * • . 166 

. 162 

Tabular account of Charities 

Talboys, the Lords of Donghton, 77 
respecting family of 

Talboys, Richard, Charity . 

— ^— Thomas, Charity 

— WUUam, Charity 

Tames, the. Lords of Upton 

Tatfrith, first elected Bishop of Worcester . . n. 7 

Tenants in capite, number of, in Gloucestershire, temp, WUliam L . n. 1 1 

Tetbury: Military station in time of the Britons and Romans, 1; 
early history of, 2; Castle, 3; coins found at, 4 ; account of, in 
Domesday, 7; Castle besieged by King Stephen. 13; during 
Civil Wars, 19; remarkable occurrences at, 29; government of, 
32; fairs at» 34; public institutions of, 44; derivation of name, 
55; Lords of the Manor of, 58; account of monasteries existing 
at, 87; account of old Parish Church, 94; present Parish Church. 
108; S. Saviour's Chapel of Ease, 113; particulars respecting 
advowson of, 119; extracts from Parish Register of, 127; 
Churchwardens' accounts of, 132; monuments in old Church of, 



146; Charities, account of, 156; the Schoob, 177; history of 
families connected with. 195; notes on geology of, 251 ; chrono- 
logical table of events connected with, 261 ; charters respecting, 
264; extracts irom Public Bolls relating to . .271 

Tetburj Volunteers, officers of, in 1803, 32; colours presented to, in 

1805 ........ 32 

Thirteen, the ...... 33,311 









Thunder and Lightning, remarkable storm of, in Tetbury, 1789 

Tokens, tradesmen's, issued at Tetbuxy 1650 — 1670 . 

Tookes. the. Lords of Elmestree 

Town Hall, the 

Trade, the, of Tetbniy 

Trapp, Joseph, Professor, short life of 

Tully, Thomas, short life of. 

Twenty-four, the, or Commonal^ . 

Union, Tetbury, the ..... 

Upton, hamlet of, description of, 54 ; Lords of the Manor of . 
Uzorum villanorum defunctomm, number of, in Gloucestershire, 

femp. William L 

Veizey's, John, Charity 
Vemey's, the. Lords of the Manor of 
Yillani, social condition of, temp. William L, 10; Number in Glou 

cestershire of ..... 

Vokin's, Hopeful, Charity ..... 
Voters for the County in Tetbuxy parish 

Walericks, S. the. Lords of Tetbury. 

Walerick, S. Reginald de, founder of Tetbuxy Monasteiy, 1 140 
Webber's, James, Charity ..... 
Wells in Tetbuxy, average depth of . 
West, Henry, of Upton, remarkable old age of 
Westbuiy College, near Bristol, possessed of Elmestree, leaip. Edward 

XV. ..... 

Wiccia, Saxon kingdom of, Tetbury included in 

Wight, John, Bev. Vicar of Tetbury, short account of, 122; his 

Wonder, Tedbury, the 
Workhouse, the 
Worcester, the See of, founded 680 . 
















II. 6 



The former Church of B, Matjt Magdalen, Tetbniy (frontiapieoe) 
IVicsimile of the Order of King Charles L to spare Tetbniy dnring 

the Civil Wan. ...... 19 

Old Market Honse ....... 3S 

Upton GroTe, near Tetboiy. .54 

Elmestree Honse, near Tetbniy .86 

Bemains of Cisterdan Monasteiy . .94 

Autographs of Vicars of Tetbury since 1657 . .122 

West window of Parish Chnrch and (hutrell monument 146 

Estcoort Hoase» near Tetbary ..... 196 

Weston Bhrt, near Te^nry . .218 

Autographs of some of the Estoourt fiimily, and of Lord and Lady 

Berkeley, 1632. .246 


Price Sixpence, 



Cavbbidoe : MacMillan and Go. 

Price Sixpence, 




London: J. Mastebs. 

Price One Penny, or 7s. fid. per 100, 



London: J. Mastsbs.